BROKEN HILL, New South Wales AUSTRALIA
BROKEN HILL (originally known as Willyama) is an isolated mining city in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia, located near the border with South Australia on the crossing of the Barrier Highway and the Silver City Highway in the Barrier Range
In 1844, the explorer Charles STURT saw and named the Barrier Range and at the time referred to a "Broken Hill" in his diary.
Silver ore was later discovered on this broken hill in 1883 by a boundary rider named Charles RASP.
The "broken hill" that gives its name to Broken Hill actually comprised a number of hills that appeared to have a break in them.
The broken hill no longer exists, having been mined away.
IN THE BEGINNING
... Street names in Broken Hill are of historical significance as they were generally named after the first alderman (e.g. Ryan, Cornish, Chapple), mining officials (e.g Jamieson, Wilson, Patton) or minerals (e.g. Argent, Blende, Sulphide, Chloride).
BROKEN HILL ATTACKED IN THE GEEAT WAR
... On New Years Day 1915, Broken Hill was the scene of the only enemy attack on Australian soil when, only four months before the Anzacs fought the Turks at Gallipoli, a picnic train on its way to Silverton came under attack (more at the link)
BROKEN HILL Complex - regional history
... The Wiljakali people traditionally occupied the lands around Broken Hill visiting the Barkindji people on the Menindee Lakes each year