Carruthers Southern Africa by Ian Carruthers [email protected]
The Carruthers family were present with William Wallace when he rebelled against English rule in the early 1300s. The slaying of the Red Comyn by Bruce, in Grey Friars Kirk Dumfries, culminated in the Battle of Bannockburn. They rose with Robert the Bruce during the Scottish War of Independence, helping him to victory at Bannockburn in 1314. Dumfriesshire featured largely in Scotlands War of Independence. Under Bruce, Carruthers attained positions of high office becoming hereditary Stewards of Annandale. The English were routed and driven from Scotland; English bases in Scotland were demolished as there was not enough troops to garrison them. The family were also represented at the siege of Stirling in 1585 and were included in the unruly clans within the West Marches in 1587.
Borderers valued loyalty above all else and despised treachery. They were rugged hard people who lived by their own directives. They became known as the Border Reivers. Sheep stealing and burning of each others homes were regular occurrences. The Reivers were a unique group who came from all walks of life. They consisted of farmers, labourers, poachers and blackmailers, most preferring a lengthy lance as their weapon of choice. The Reivers were hardened fighting-men who could handle their weapons competently. It was a cruel time and not just about England vs Scotland. Scots raided Scots and English raided English. There was internal strife between families on the same side as well as the regular raids into the northern counties of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Northumberland. Inter-marriage between the rival factions was frequent and so made it difficult to establish loyalties. Unquestionably the Carruthers family played an important part within the Border Reivers. These folk feuded for almost 300 years from the 13th to the 16th century. Today their lineage can be traced all over the world.
Carruthers are members of the Armigerous Clans and Families of Scotland, meaning it has a recognised coat of arms. Some consider Carruthers to be directly descended from Robert the Bruce, illegitimately through a liaison with a Mary Carruthers. However this direction demands further, more extensive research. Carruthers are considered a Sept of the Bruce Clan and therefore entitled to use the Bruce tartan and Coat of Arms. On account of their great deeds, their Armorial Shield consisted of 2 chevrons between 3 fleur-de-lys, a symbol of faith and wisdom. A backing of red signifies military fortitude and nobility. The Clan motto is Promptus et Fidelis meaning Ready and Faithful.
Researching all Carruthers in Southern Africa with roots in Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Harare - Zimbabwe