DNA Geneolgy, Carden Project
The use of DNA for genealogy relies on the fact that the portion called the Y-chromosome is passed unaltered from father to son over very many generations, except for the rare occurrence of a mutation affecting one element (called a marker).
For the Carden DNA Project nearly 40 Y-chromosome analysis results have now been anaylised since January 2002.The first 25 were analysed by Oxford Ancestors in England, but the project now uses FTDNA of Texas, through whom analysis is carried out by the University.
For some years Arthur Carden thought, without much foundation, that all Cardens world-wide (apart from a few whose ancestors changed their surname to Carden from some other name) descend from one of three common ancestors, and thus are part of three unrelated groups with origins as follows.
The Carden name appears in Cheshire from the 13th century onwards. Ormerod, the famous Cheshire historian, states at some point before the reign of Henry II (i.e., before 1216) a family assumed the local name Carden.
The Domesday Book shows that in 1086 a William Cardon was working for Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the many followers of William the Conqueror who were given confiscated land.
Many Cardens can trace their origins to these Irish west coast counties.
An objective of the CARDEN DNA PROJECT is to show whether most Cardens are indeed members of one of these three groups, and whether the three groups are distinct or connected to one another.
DNA analysis may make it possible to shown whether or not names such as Carwardine, Calladine, Kerwin, Kenderdine and so on are indeed variants of the Cawarden name, which changed to Carden in Cheshire.So far only one individual has come forward.
Taylor Cowardin traces his ancestry to Peter Carwardine who came to Maryland from England in 1656.Unfortunately his DNA signature is totally different from that of every other participant, so either there is no link between the surnames, or there was a non-paternal event at some time, perhaps many generations ago,which broke the chain whereby the Y-chromosome is passed, unchanging, from father to son.
The cost of this project - for 25 marker test is expensive, 199.00 but falling slowly. I have been invited to participate, but would rather wait until I can link all the Calladines on paper, and negotiate a group discount. however if you wish to join the Carden Project, then it can be found at