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EUREKA! PIONEERS OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUSTRALIA AND PETER MCCRACKEN'S TRAGEDY.

Journal by itellya

DIED,
Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant,William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton. (P.4, Argus, 20-10-1852.)

It was nearly twenty five years ago that I discovered in Broadmeadows' rate records that my great grandfather, John Cock, started leasing Stewarton in about 1892 and that in the next year or two the name of the farm changed to Gladstone. Stewarton was section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine and consisted of 785 acres according to the parish map which records George Russell as the grantee. The oldest available ratebook was that of 1863 and Maconochie was assessed on 777 acres. This shows that Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd)had been made along the 8000 link frontage between the Lackenheath Drive and Forman St corners and was one chain wide,exactly accounting for the loss of 8 acres from the property.

It was a few months before my discovery about the name change that I read A.D.Pyke's THE GOLD THE BLUE,a history of the Lowther Hall school in Leslie St. in Essendon. Ealsbrae, the historic house in which the school started was built by Peter McCracken's son, Coiler (named after Peter's father in law, Coiler Robertson of La Rose.) Mr Pyke,a teacher at the school, mentioned that Peter had a farm in Moonee Ponds called Stewarton. I racked my brain for ages trying to work out where in the parish of Doutta Galla it might have been. So you can imagine my Eureka moment when I discovered that my great grandfather's farm,bounded on the east and partly on the north by THE MOONEE PONDS (named after an aborigine,which I discovered only days ago)had been Peter McCracken's farm.

Coiler McCracken had married Margaret, daughter of James Robertson. Peter's brother-in-law was James Robertson, (son of Coiler of La Rose) who had arrived as a 17 year old brewer and may have been partly responsible for the success of the McCracken brewery. Another James Robertson owned Gowrie Park at Campbellfield (north of today's Hadfield.) This was getting ridiculous!

My second (very long) eureka moment was provided by Deidre Farfor of Malvern. I think Deidre was referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society's Jim Hume but any help I managed to give her was a drop in the bucket to the help that Deidre provided to me. Genealogical details about the Gibbs and Robertsons of Campbellfield (and the Coupar link), about the family of Peter McCracken's wife (La Rose/ Trinfour),and Deidre's own Robertson family (Upper Keilor/Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie.) But most of all, countless pages of photocopies of THE MCCRACKEN LETTERS.

There were three McCracken brothers, Robert (on whose Ailsa paddock,on the north side of Kent St,Ascot Vale,the Essendon Football Club played its first seasons), Peter,and Alexander Earle McCracken,who leased William Hoffman's Butzbach (east of Hoffmans Rd and halfway to Lincoln Rd) for most of the 1850's and was at the forefront of what became the Royal Agricultural Society until his wife's ill health forced a return home.

Many of the letters were to Alexander Earle McCracken and sent from Peter's Ardmillan in the SUBURB of Moonee Ponds. However there were earlier letters, about the sorrow caused by the drowning of young William (and how the infant had walked part of the way to the school in Broadmeadows Township with his older siblings),Peter quitting Stewarton in 1855 (after nine years there) because Neil Black (the real grantee)had not got back to Peter about extending the lease,and the dairy at Kensington being unprofitable.

I recently made a comment about itellya actually being a team and Deidre was one of my first team mates!

When I was writing the McCracken entry in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS over two years ago, I had been reminded about the drowning when I discovered that Peter Young of Nairn in Bulla had taken the chair in 1852 at a meeting (to honour David Duncan, grantee of the central,major part of Melbourne Airport) because of a domestic tragedy in Peter McCracken's family. I don't know how but I actually found the death notice that starts this journal. As my aim that night (morning!) was to finish the Young entry, I filed it in my memory bank for the next day. I did not find the notice. In the last week,I tried again, once more without success.

Tonight, while half-watching TV, I decided I'd check family notices of the 1850's re Broadmeadows to make sure I hadn't forgotten any township pioneers. I saw this.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 20 October 1852 p 4 Family Notices
... MARRIED. At Melbourne, Port Phillip, by special license, on the 16th instant, by the Rev Irving Hetherington, minister of the Scots' Church, Agnes Bell to Mal- Mal colm Troubridge. DIED, Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant, William, aged 3 years and 3 months, ... 63 words
EUREKA!

Why had McCracken, Stewarton and McCracken, Broadmeadows produced absolutely no results? ANSWER. M'Cracken! Using this spelling of the name, the contents of the letters can be confirmed on trove and correct my faulty recollection of the time of the haystack stack fire on the dairy at Kensington; the fire had occurred after Peter's move to Ardmillan. James Hyslop (Victoria and its Metropolis biography) may have been looking after the dairy at the time.

CRIMINAL SITTINGS. TUESDAY, APRIL 15. (Before his Honour the Chief Justice.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 April 1862 p 6 Article
...wis was found " Guilty" of having set fire to a haystack, the property of Mr. Peter M'Cracken, at Kensington, on the 9th March. The facts of the case were fully reported recently in our columns, in connexion with the burning of a wooden bridge across the Essendon Railway, near Kensington station.

PORT PHILLIP FARMERS' SOCIETY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 26 June 1857 p 5 Article
...RES OF CULTIVATED LAND. We award the prize in this class to Mr. Peter M'Cracken, for his farm of Kensington, Mains, containing about 130 acres. We found this farm very well and regularly ploughed,

Poor Peter had no more luck with his fourth son.
On the 15th instant, of croup, John, aged two years and seven months, fourth son of Peter M'Cracken, of
Ardmillan, near Essendon.(P.4, Argus, 16-4-1860.)

I wondered about the location of Peter's dairy at Kensington and this curiosity led to my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA. I had supposed that it would have been near McCracken St but it was actually bounded by Footscray Rd,the road to Raleigh's Punt, the private Essendon Railway to the south east end of Bellair St and Swamp road (known today as Kensington Rd,Macaulay Rd, Bellair St and Dynon Rd.)Peter's lease would have ended soon after the haystack fire and as he had no desire to renew it, the Cox family started its 20 year lease from J.R.Murphy of the former dairy and the rest of the Kensington Park estate extending to Lloyd St.

(Extract from SECTION 2.)
ALLOTMENTS 17, 18, 19. (McCRACKENS DAIRY, THE RACECOURSE.)
This land, bounded by Macaulay Rd, Dynon Rd, and the lines of Lloyd St and Hampden Rd, was granted to John Robert Murphy at about the time he was granted a 2 acre block at the south east corner of Stubbs and Parsons St in 1949.
Allotment 17 was leased by Anah Lewis for 14 years. Allotments 18 and 19 were leased to A.E.Brodribb for 14 years but it is known that by 1855 the 132 acres comprised all or part of McCrackens dairy. (McCracken may have been leasing the crown land west of Rankins Rd too.)
In 1855, Peter McCracken quit his lease on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) and lived on the dairy while his mansion was built on Ardmillan in Moonee Ponds. In 1861 a fire burnt all the haystacks and by the end of 1862, Peter was thinking of giving up the dairy because the grass was poor and it was costing more for hay than the milk was worth. Soon after, James Hyslop, who had worked for Peter since 1858, was out of a job (P.233 Victoria and Its Metropolis).
When Anahs lease finished, and McCracken quit his dairy, the whole 198 acres was leased by cattle salesman Samuel Cox. He probably fattened cattle and sheep on it. Pigs might have been kept there too by pork butcher, William Samuel Cox. Three years later, in 1867, W.S.Cox took over the lease, and in 1872, he extended it for five years with an option of another five years. In 1871, hed moved from Abbotsford St to Kensington Park. The KENSINGTON PARK RACECOURSE commenced operation in 1874. The racecourse was situated partly on E.B.Wights portion of allotment 20 as shown by the map on the next page. When it closed at the end of 1882, Cox took out a lease on, and then bought, Feehans farm (now called Moonee Valley Racecourse).

(Maps can be emailed to M'Cracken and Cox researchers. Send me a private message.)

AFTER THAT LENGTHY DIVERSION,BACK TO BROADMEADOWS!

While I was looking for William's death notice, I noticed other area pioneers such as poor McFarlane and decided to write a journal about non-township residents.

1850's.

BRYANT. (Possibly Bryan.)
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED. Isaac Bryant, 44 pounds for eradicating thistles at Broadmeadows. (P.5,Argus,19-12-1857.)

CROWE.
John Crowe died fairly early in the district's history and although Mt Yuroke (like Mt Gellibrand) was downgraded from a mountain to a mere hill, the locals honoured his memory by calling it Crowe's Hill and this became the name of a farm on the hill. Rate collectors, obviously thinking the hill was named for big glossy black birds that made rude Graham Kennedy-like calls, invented their own version,Crow's Hill.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 19 January 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... Funeral Notices. THE Friends of the late JOHN CROWE, Esq., are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, this day, Monday, the 19th instant. The Funeral procession to move from his late residence, Mount Yuroke, at ten, passing Broadmeadows etc.

GAGE.
Richard Gage of Broadmeadows was granted a carrier's licence. (P.6, Argus,26-5-1859.) See my journal SOME FARMS IN BROADMEADOWS SHIRE etc.
James and Daniel Milne of Broadmeadows were also granted carrier's licences. Was Darren Milne,a pupil at Tullamarine in the 1970's, descended from one of these pioneers?

GILL.
"Greenvale" has always been associated with John McKerchar who is discussed extensively in Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and GREENVALE :LINKS WITH THE PAST by Annette Davis. It was crown allotment Q of section 10,consisting of 328 acres on the north side of today's Somerton Rd,which was 748 metres west of Mickleham Rd and extended 810 metres farther west and 1.62 kilometres to the north.The property between Greenvale and Mickleham Rd,crown allotment 9P, was called Greenan and was associated with John McKerchar's brother,Donald. John and Donald McKerchar were co-grantees of both 10Q and 9P but there is no date on the parish map.(google "Yuroke,county of Bourke.)

Edwin Gill's property was most likely 10Q. Trove seems to be useless in determining when John McKerchar settled on Greenvale,so let's consult DHOTAMA. My suspicion is that John and Donald McKerchar had received their grants
by 1854 when Edwin and Greenvale were first mentioned in tandem and were jointly developing Greenan while leasing Greenvale to Edwin.

DHOTAMA, page Mc.55.
McKERCHAR, John, Broadmeadows, is a native of Perthshire, Scotland,who landed in Melbourne in January, 1840. He acted as a shepherd at Moorabool and on the Wimmera for seven years with Austin, McPherson and Taylor and was afterwards for 15 months with Dr. Drummond on the Merri Creek. Then in partnership with his brother,he opened the Crown Hotel on the corner of Queen and Lonsdale Streets,Melbourne; and conducted it for three years at the end of which time he purchased land and settled in his present home of 365* acres at Broadmeadows ...etc.

(Jan. 1840 + 7 years +15 months+ 3 years=Jan. 1851+ 3 months=April 1851 if the above description is correct.)
This would allow three years for John to erect a Greenvale homestead before Edward occupied it. Was Edwin just a lessee or perhaps a relative of the McKerchars? Was Edwin related to Dr.W.R.Gill?
*Broadmeadows rate records show that Greenvale consisted of 328 acres (10Q exactly) in 1879-80 and 300 acres in 1900 and when Alex. Millar,who renamed it "The Elms",was leasing it in 1920.


DIED.
On Sunday morning, 27th inst., in Melbourne, at the residence of D. R. Long, Esq., Arthur Edwin, the only
and beloved child of Edwin Gill, Esq., of Green Vale, near Broadmeadows, and late of Richmond.
( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 29 August 1854 p 4 Family Notices.)

EAST BOURKE.A meeting was held at the Broadmeadows Hotel, Broadmeadows, on Wednesday evening, Donald Kennedy, Esq., was unanimously voted into the chair, and briefly introduced Mr. Cooper to a numerous assemblage. The candidate went into the leading subjects now occupying public attention, and at the close of his address answered satisfactorily numerous questions touching the impolicy of devoting large sums of money for railways, until the roads of the colony were rendered passable; reserved to himself the right to form his own judgment
on the expediency of appointing a minister for agriculture as a separate department of Government; was in favor of local road boards.

Numerous other questions being disposed of, Edwin Gill, Esq., moved, and Donald M'Kerchar, Esq., seconded, a motion to the effect, "That Mr, Cooper is a fit and proper person to represent East Bourke in the Legislative Assembly," which was carried unanimously. A vote of thanks, passed by acclamation to the chairman terminated the meeting. (P.5, Argus, 30-8-1856.)
...........................................................
Dr.Patterson of Flemington claimed that Dr. Gill was responsible for the death of a woman and despite Dr Barker
(who was perhaps the most prominent doctor in early Melbourne and a pioneer at Cape Schanck, who fought with Maurice Meyrick of Boniyong (Boneo)in Victoria's second duel)vindicating Gill in the post-mortem report, Chandler suggested that a charge of manslaughter might be in order. Dr. Gill's complaint against Chandler gives an indication of how distance, circumstances and the inability to be in two places at once might lead to charges being laid against the most dedicated and skilled medical practitioner.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 5 January 1859 p 5 Article
INQUEST.-Yesterday, Dr. Candler held an inquest, at Broadmeadows, ... desired olfeot, was repeated on Monday. She still continued ill, and on tho 80th December Dr. Gill, of Broadmeadows, was sent for. He came and prescribed for her.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 13 January 1859 p 6 Article
... CORONERS AND THEIR PROPER FUNCTIONS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS. GILL, beg to lay before you as ... obedient servant. W. R. GILL, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Licentiate of the Victorian Medical Board. Broadmeadows, January 9.

GRANT.
MARRIED.
At St. Kilda, by the Rev. Wm. Miller, Thomas Fairbairn, Farmer, Pentland Hills, third son of Andrew Fairbairn, Primside, Roxburgshire, Scotland, to Margaret Grant, second daughter of Lachlaine Grant, Broadmeadows.
(P. , Argus, 31-10-1856.)

HACKETT.
The western boundary of Broadmeadows Township was named Hackett St. It was never made because traffic using Tullamarine's Lady of the Lake as a landmark would travel to the north west boundary of Stewarton, turn right (Forman St), and immediately veer left into Turner St taking them to Ardlie St where the 1854 timber bridge connected to the portion of the street in the parish of Will Will Rook. Near the Broadmeadows Hotel they would join travellers using the original route to Sydney (passing Pascoeville's Young Queen Inn) for the "steep pinch" up the Ardlie St hill to where it met Mickleham Rd.

From 1869, those approaching the township from the parish of Tullamarine had a new stone bridge accessed via
Fawkner St and after crossing the creek,they would turn left to climb the Ardlie St hill. From shortly after W.W.1. they would turn left at THE WAR MEMORIAL. This and the lamp lit by young Jack Hoctor were in the middle of the road. As motorised traffic became more powerful, the memorial was a hazard and caused congestion so it was moved by Major Murphy of Tullamarine to the town's old windmill site where it stands today.

Eventually, after a century,with Hughie Williamson's old Dunvegan being developed as the heart of the new Greenvale (the new school retaining the number of the former school at the north end of Section Rd, i.e. 890)and traffic increasing dramatically, Hackett St was made and with Broadmeadows Rd (from Tullamarine Junction) was renamed as Mickleham Rd.
(Sources: the late Jack Hoctor and Harry Heaps; George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952;
Township of Broadmeadows, Parish of Will-WIll-Rook, County ... - Slv
digital.slv.vic.gov.au/dtl_publish/simpleimages/32/1154185.html&#8206;)

Hackett St was named after the presiding magistrate of the District Court. See STABBING AT BROADMEADOWS,
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 16 November 1855 p 5 Article.

The original route to Mickleham Rd through the township and bypassing the unmade Hackett St can be seen in the Keymap of the first edition of Melway.
www.http://melwayed1.melway.com.au/mwyedn1.htm


HENDRY.
On the 26th inst., at Lonsdale-street Congregational Church, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, Mr. Alexander Prain, of Campbellfield, to Miss Mary Hendry, of Broadmeadows. (P.4,Argus,28-3-1857.)

(John?) Hendry was the post master at Tullamarine in 1864 but the rate collector did not seem to know this until 1867. Because assessments were listed geographically,it is highly probable that the post office was on or near the site of the present 711 service station (formerly Mobil.)

Some Hendry boys later appeared in court for misbehaviour at the local pub. (I can't remember if it was the Beech Tree or the Junction,the latter on the 711 site.)Here it is.
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 5 October 1883 p 3 Article
... and Filson, J's.P.) Alexander Hendry, James Hendry Joseph Jackson were charged with using obscene language on the 30th September at Tullamarine. RIichard Glazer, licensee of the Bench Tree Hotel and Richard Craven of the Junction Hotel stated the prisoners canme to their respective houses at one ..

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 4 July 1855 p 4 Family Notices
... special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis*, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry, youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth, Scotland. ... 94 words

THE GENERAL ELECTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 23 April 1864 p 6 Article
... Gap - James Baring, the Gap. Tullamarine - James Hendry, postmaster. Tullamarine. Wyndham - Thom ... 459 words

*Thomas Purvis bought lots 14, 27 and 28 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate (Melway 5,partsF-G 8) with frontages to the west side of Wright's/Heaps' Lane (today's Springbank St) and the now-closed continuation of Derby St. Thomas also bought about 10 acres* of today's Trade Park Industrial Estate (Melway 5 parts F-G8), very close to the Hendry residence,which would explain how James met Christina. (*Volume 30 folio 772.)



HENESSY.
Michael Paul Henessy, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows. Granted. (P.6, Argus, 16-4-1856.) Hennessy didn't last long. PUBLICANS' TRANSFERS. Michael Paul Hennessy, Victoria Hotel,Broadmeadows, to John Bryant : granted.
(P.6, Argus, 5-12-1856.) Bryan(t)may have pulled a swifty because he had twice been refused a licence for his Tanners/Farmers Arms.

KING.
Philip Ryan, for an aggravated assault on Police Constable King, at Broadmeadows, was sentenced to one month's imprisonment with hard labor.(P.4,Argus,28-1-1858.)

Andrew Lemon's prologue to his BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, set in 1857, involves a severe falling out between Constable King and his superior,Senior Constable McCarthy. Dr Weston,attending the latter's sick child, witnessed King's "You be damned and go to hell.You know as much about a horse as I do.Go and clean him yourself!"

McCARTHY. See KING.

McCONOCHIE.
On the 15th inst., at her brother's residence, Stewarton, Broadmeadows, Margaret, daughter of the late
Alexander McConochie, farmer, Buteshire, Scotland, aged 30 years.(P.5, Argus, 16-9-1858.)
Peter McCracken was on Stewarton from 1846 to 1855 and it is likely that John McConochie, who was assessed (as Maconochie) in the oldest available ratebook (of 1863) was the next tenant.

McFARLANE.
Death and funeral notices for the six year old son and 21 year old daughter are the only results for the family or the property, Strathoer. Can you find two reasons that the following letter was not one of the results?
THE CENSUS.
To the Editor of the Argus,
Sir,-I think it my duty to inform the public, through the medium of your journal, that no census-paper has ever been left with me or my adjoining neighbour, and I have no doubt that many are in the same position.
I am, dear Sir, yours, etc.,JUSTICE. - Strathore, near Broadmeadows, 4th May, 1857. (P.5, Argus, 5-5-1857.)

THE Friends of Mr. WALTER MACFARLANE, of Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, are respectfully invited to Follow
the Remains of his late Daughter to the place of interment in the New Cemetery. The funeral to move from Bignell's Family Hotel, Cardigan-street, North Melbourne, this day, Monday, the 29th inst., at eleven o'clock.
JOHN SLEIGHT, undertaker, 71 Collins-street east ._126 (P.8,Argus, 29-9-1856.)

DIED.
On the 17th inst., at St. Kilda, of congestion of the brain, Dugald, eldest son of Walter Macfarlane, of
Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, aged six years and one month.(P.4, Argus,18-10-1856.)

Although Strathoer ,being described as "near Broadmeadows" was most likely a farm, a member of the clan (with scribbly initials)received the grant for a crown allotment at the top of Fawkner St. (See township map.)

MACKINTOSH.
NEW INSOLVENTS.
William Mackintosh, of Broadmeadows, clerk. Cause of insolvency-The pressure of a creditor who has caused the insolvent to be arrested. Liabilities, £122 ; assets, £6 ; deficiency, £117. Mr. Laing, Official Assignee.
(P.6, Argus, 29-10-1859.)

MILNE. See GAGE.

MITCHELL.
William Mitchell, charged with fighting at Broadmeadows, was fined 10s., and 10S. costs.
(P.1s,Argus, 25-11-1858.) William was probably related to Peter Mitchell who received grants for many blocks in roadmeadows Township. See my journal SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS etc.

PRAIN. See HENDRY.

PURVIS. See HENDRY.

SHANKLAND.
STONEMASONS.-TENDERS WANTED, for BUILDING a stone OUT-HOUSE, Apply Robert Shankland, Euroke, Broadmeadows.
(P.7,Argus, 8-10-1859.)

Yuroke was often rendered as Euroke. Robert's farm, Waltham,will be discussed in my journal, SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS. I don't think it was a stone dunny! Robert's 1888 biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS claimed that in 1852 he built the original portion of Dean's Hotel at Moonee Ponds (today's Moonee Ponds Tavern on the south corner of Dean St near the racecourse.) My EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA
(not a journal)contains title information about his purchase of the hotel's site.

THORPE.
BRILLIANT.
THIS powerful cart stallion will stand the season at Mr. Samuel Thorpe's farm, near Broadmeadows, on the Moonee Ponds, ten miles from Melbourne. This horse gained the prize at the Midland Agricultural show in Van Diemen's Land, as the best stallion in the Island. Brilliant was got by that celebrated imported horse Lincoln, out of an imported Lincolnshire mare, is now rising five years old, and allowed to be the best cart horse ever imported to this colony.(P.1, Argus, 6-11-1850.)


FRIDAY, 8th FEBRUARY.
To Farmers, Stockbreeders, Carriers, and Others. Important Sale of Stock and Farm Produce.
LILBURNE, ANSLOW, and Co. will sell by auction, in consequence of the expiration of the Lease, on the farm of Samuel Thorpe, Esq., at Broadmeadows, formerly known as M'Nall's farm, ten miles from town, on Friday, 8th February, at twelve o'clock sharp,
All the produce, consisting of 3 stacks hay, horses, cattle, poultry, implements, &c, as under :
200 tons hay, in 3 stacks 100 bushels wheat 100 do barley 1 entire draught horse by Blythe, warranted 9 first-class draught horses 15 well-bred milch cows 8 young cattle 1 winnowing machine Ploughs Harrows Carts Bullock-dray Roller, together with the whole of his farming implements, not enumerated. (P.2, Argus,31-1-1856.)

I have found no mention of McCall prior to 1850 but 10 miles is a clue to the location of Thorpe's farm. Due to the yield of hay, I would presume that the farm was part of the Glenroy Estate. Samuel might also have been leasing part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate. (See the Camieston Estate journal re its location.)

WESTON.
J.Weston Esq. had been appointed public vaccinator for Broadmeadows.(P.4,Argus,31-10-1857.) See KING.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 1.
MCPHAIL, ROBERTSON, YOUNG,COGHILL,OSWALD, RIDDELL,HAMILTON,DUNCAN,WILLIAMSON,SLOAN, CROWE, ANNAND,MCDONALD, MCVEA.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 2.
BRYAN,CAMERON,DICK,KILBURN, MCPHEE, COUSER,MCCRACKEN,BELLAIR,MCPHAIL,TAYLOR.

by itellya Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2014-02-04 03:53:22

Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.

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by itellya on 2014-02-06 04:47:24

The following illustrates that Broadmeadows and Bulla pioneers often acted together. The Presbyterians in both places faced a long trip to attend worship on Sundays, with Scots Church at Campbellfield probably being the closest venue. The Essendon Presbytrians worshipped at James Robertson's Spring Hill (now Aberfeldie) which was leased by Dugald McPhail. Coiler Robertson (of today's Pascoe Vale South)probably planned to worship with his daughter,Mrs Peter McCracken,of Stewarton (which adjoined Broadmeadows Township at Forman St.)

MEETING AT BROADMEADOWS.
At a meeting of the Presbyterians in and around Broadmeadows, and of those resident in the vicinity of the Deep Creek, held on Wednesday, the 19th day of March, 1851, at the house of William Coghill, Senior, Esquire, Moonee Ponds. On the motion of Mr P. Young, seconded by Mr.P. M'Cracken, William Coghill, Esq. was unanimously called to the chair. After prayer for the Divine blessing, the Chairman read the requisition calling the meeting:- The following resolutions were then submitted to the meeting :

Moved by Mr Young, seconded by Mr Collyer Robertson, and carried unanimously,
" That this meeting impressed with the necessity which exists for the establishment of a Presbyterian Church in the district, resolve to raise by subscription a fund for the purpose of building two churches, and a manse, and for tho sustentation of a minister.

Moved by Mr Oswald, seconded by Mr Young,and carried unanimously,-" That this meeting
is of opinion that the church and churches to be established in consequence of the foregoing resolution, ought to be unconnected with the State.

Moved by Mr Mc'Dougal, seconded by Mr Collyer Robertson, and carried unanimously.
"That this meeting having been informed that Messrs Riddell and Hamilton have kindly offered a grant of land on their estate, on the Moonee Ponds, for the site of a church suitable to the wishes of the Presbyterians in that neighbourhood, record their willingness to accept the same, and desire to convey to these gentlemen
their grateful thanks for the said munificent offer."

Moved by Mr M'Cracken, seconded by Mr Duncan, and carried unanimously, " That George Annand, Esq. be appointed interim treasurer, and that Messrs Young, Williamson, M'Cracken, A. E. M'Cracken, M'Dougall, Cameron, Oswald, and Sloan be appointed as a committee (with power to add to their number), three to be a quorum. Mr M'Dougall convener, for the purpose of carrying out the foregoing resolutions, and obtaining a suitable site for a church somewhere in the neighbourhood of Bulla Village, and also to collect subscriptions, the said committee to report their proceedings to a general meeting to be called by them for that purpose.

WM. COGHILL.
- On the motion of Mr, McCracken, seconded by Mr. Crow, the meeting- unanimously tender their thanks to Mr. Coghill, senior, for his excellent conduct in the chair.
D. H. MACDONALD, Clerk. (P.2, Argus, 21-3-1851.)

PIONEER .......... RESIDENCE ... PARISH. CROWN ALLOTMENT. MELWAY REFERENCE
William Coghill....Cumberland.... WWR........Section 7........5 C1. (house)
Peter Young........Nairn.......Bulla Bulla..Section 8, 7B..384 F-J 9-12; E10,D-E11.
Peter McCracken...Stewarton....Tullamarine...Section 5....... 6 B8 (house)
Coiler Robertson..La Rose ...Jika Jika .... Section 141....29 B1 (Wentworth House)
John Oswald ......Madderday...Bulla Bulla.....c/a 7c.........384 bottom half C-E9.
David Duncan.....Gowrie Park..Tullamarine..560 acres of Section 14..4 K4 (centre.)
Alex.Earle McCracken.Butzbach.Doutta Galla....13AB........ 28 B2 (homestead.)
Robert McDougall..Cona (Glenroy).W.W.R....Part section 1 or 6..6 J12(Estate centre.)
John Crowe...Mount Yuroke (Crowe's Hill)..Yuroke..20 CD.....385 F-G 3-4,F 5-6.

Donald,Angus and John McDonald were North Bourke electors in 1853 (P.11,Argus, 20-6-1853) but as the electors were from the future Broadmeadows and Bulla road districts, this does not help to determine their rough locations.
J.Sloan was a co-grantee with John Oswald on 7C, Bulla Bulla.
Riddell and Hamilton-See my journal about the Camieston Estate.
George Annand-granted Annandale, section 2 Tullamarine; probably didn't live there.
Cameron could have been Glenroy, Ruthven (east of Broady Station site), Ruthvenfield (Roxburgh Park), or McDougall's future Warlaby (384 J8.)
Mr Williamson might have been R.Williamson,the co-grantee with T.McVea on section 10 Bulla Bulla on 1-11-1848. This was Oaklands, east (across Oaklands Rd) of Warlaby and south (across Craigieburn Rd) of Harpsdale. McVea was granted the next property east,in the parish of Yuroke, and the two grants seemed to have been farmed as one farm.

The Bulla and Broadmeadows Presbyterians moved to build their churches before Dugald McPhail's lot decided to build a church in Doutta Galla (St John's at the corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St in Essendon.) i.e.

THE Presbyterian Church.-A meeting was held on Friday evening last, the 25th inst, at the residence of Mr Thos Armstrong, Coalville, to consider upon the best means of erecting a place of public worship in the parish of Doutta Galla, in connexion with the Established Church of Scotland.(P.4, Argus,1-7-1852.)

However Peter Young's group was in favour of Free Presbyterianism and the arrival of Rev. Chapman of the United Presbyterian Church threw a spanner in the works, as detailed on pages 28-9 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.

by itellya on 2014-02-07 23:17:39

BRYAN,CAMERON,DICK,KILBURN, MCPHEE, COUSER,MCCRACKEN,BELLAIR,MCPHAIL,TAYLOR.

The following, re John Bryan's will, has been written in comments to avoid having to repeat the same information in several entries. The surname of John Bryan, owner of the Victoria Hotel in Broadmeadows Township was often wrongly rendered as Bryant. George Gordon Cameron was on the Glenroy estate when his neighbour condemned him for spreading rumours about Johnston becoming a Papist during the North Bourke election campaign, and with Angus,received the grant for Ruthven, north east of the future Broadmeadows Station.John Dick* must have done well in his store and was involved in land on the south side of Keilor Rd (section 17 or 18 Doutta Galla; about which title information can be supplied.)
(*The storekeeper may have been the son or nephew of the Keilor Rd farmer who had a clearing sale on Fairview (Kilburn* grants), advertised on 24-10-1861(P.2), and died in 1868 at Hotham (North Melbourne), notice also in the Argus,21-10-1868 (P.8.)

(*Kilburns were also landowners at Keilor Park, Strathmore (bisected by Kilburn St), "Fairfield" (400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine north of Sharps Rd and west of Broadmeadows Rd) and land that included Robert McCracken's Ailsa.)

I assumed that Dick and McPhee had a store each; not so.

NOTICE is hereby given that the PARTNERSHIP hitherto existing between the under-
slgned as storekeepers, at Broadmeadows was on the 3rd day of January instant, DISSOLVED, by mutual consent. All debts due to and by said late firm will be received and paid by Donald McPhee at Broadmeadows. Dated this 12th day of January, 1859.
JOHN DICK. DONALD MACPHEE. Witness-Philip Jones.(P.7, Argus, 13-1-1860.

John Dick and Donald McPhee's store would have been in Ardlie St on the uphill side of the Broadmeadows Hotel and the Victoria Hotel was just north of the store which was later run for many years by George Couser, who ran the post office there for a great number of years as well as acting as registrar.

IN SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA: In Its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.-In
the WILL of JOHN BRYAN, late of Broadmeadows, In the Colony of Victoria,Licensed Victualler, Deceased.
Notice is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication of this advertisement application will be made to the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, In its Ecclesiastical jurisdiction, that PROBATE of tho WILL of the said John Bryan, deceased, may be granted to George Gordon Cameron, of Broadmeadows, aforesaid, farmer, John Dick, of Broadmeadows, aforesaid, storekeeper, and Donald Macphee, of Broadmeadows, aforesaid, storekeeper, the executors named in and appointed by the said will. Dated the 21st day of June, A.D. 1859.
THOMAS BELLAR, Eldon-chambers, Bank-place, Melbourne, proctor for the said George Gordon Cameron, John Dick, and Donald Macphee. (P.3, Argus, 22-6-1859.)

N.B. I suspect that the lawyer was actually Thomas Bellair, a councillor after whom Bellair St, Kensington was named. i.e.
RETURNING OFFICERS.
On the motion of Cr. Taylor*, Messrs. Robert McCracken of Ailsa House,Flemington; Mr. Thomas S. Bellair, Moonee Ponds, and Mr. Dugald McPhail, of Esssendon, were appointed
returning officers for Ascot Vale, Moonee Ponds, and Essendon Wards, respectively.
(P.3, North Melbourne Advertiser, 6-7-1883.)

*Cr Taylor bought the part of Peter McCracken's Ardmillan Estate east of the railway line. Taylor St would have been part of Peter's long driveway (Ardmillan Rd)to the Ardmillan mansion which was due north of Coilsfield (Essendon hospital site) and connected to it by Smith's Lane.

by itellya on 2014-02-07 23:34:01

As the surname list capacity has almost been reached,that's it for this journal, but look out for MORE PIONEERS OF THE BROADMEADOWS AREA, VIC., AUST.

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