BAWDEN - 1812 Stephen (nmn) brings his enterprise and family to the U.S.
The oldest child of Gwennap Stephen and Elizabeth JELBERT/GILBERT BAWDEN - Stephen is the source of a family history printed and vinyl-bound in 1986 in the US.
Stephen born 6 Apr 1812 and christened 25 Apr 1812 in Redruth, Cornwall, was the oldest of 8 with 3 brothers and 4 sisters. Their history will follow in BAWDEN blogs.
The earliest notable about 1812 Stephen is his marriage in the Church of Redruth (St. Euny's) on 4 Sept 1837 to Mary TERRILL (var spellings) by J. W. Hawkeley, Rector. She was the dtr of Samuel and Mary TREWREN
TERRILL born/christened 8 Apr 1817 in Redruth.
Mary had other siblings - sister Elizabeth born/christened 13 Apr 1820 in Redruth married probably in Redruth, William CLEMO. She was either divorced or widowed. No date or info. William and Elizabeth TERRILL CLEMO had a daughter Elizabeth CLEMO born/christened 18 July 1849 in Redruth.
Both Elizabeths were a part of Stephen BAWDEN's household in Rockingham Twp, Scott County, Iowa, US in the 1860 Iowa federal census.
Stephen was born at the end of the long, troubled reign of George III and seven years before Queen Victoria was born. Redruth was a large mining and manufacturing community set amid the red-hued, tin-rich hills of Cornwall. The town rang to the sound of Cornish folk coursing in a language someone from 20 miles down the road might have had trouble understanding. The Cornish dialect is usually spoken, not written and each parish had it's own dialect. There are only 5 verbs in the language, reflexive to the gender of the speaker and the gender and age of the listener.
On 4 September 1837, Stephen married Mary Terrill, as London General Register Office records it:
1837. Marriage solemnized by Banns in the Church of Redruth in the County of Cornwall No. 18, September 4, Stephen Bawden and Mary Terrill, Full age, Bachelor and Spinster. Occupation, Smith, Residence, Redruth; Father’s name, Stephen Bawden, Occupation of Father, Smith, Married in the Church of Redruth according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of England by me, J.W. HAWKELEY, Rector. This marriage was solemnized between us, Stephen Bawden, Mary Terrill; in the presence of us, Samuel Terrill, Sally Carbis.”
Mary Terrill was born the 5th of 8 children at Redruth, 8 April 1817, daughter of Samuel and Mary Trewren Terrill of Redruth, Cornwall, UK.
In 1837, Victoria became Queen of England, beginning the golden years of the English Colonial Empire. Spain’s influence as a world power was waning, particularly in the Caribbean area. England, watchful for an opportunity to expand its empire, cast eyes on the mineral-rich island of Cuba.
Stephen and Mary had their first child, Elizabeth, christened 10 July 1838 on Green Lane in Redruth. She died 2 years later 24 June 1840. The Church of England didn’t see a civil responsibility to register births, but only saw them as future tithers. A baptism or christening date was registered usually a month after the child’s birth.
Just before the 1841 English census, the Stephen and Mary sailed to Cuba in the interest of president Stephen’s Sawanee Mining Company. The family settled in Cobra, in the hills above Santiago. Their 2nd and 3rd children were born here: Stephen Douglas Bawden and Henry Lightbourne Bawden. They spent some years here and returned to England [Redruth?] for the birth of their 4th child, William Henry.
On 23 December 1851, Stephen, 39 yo, landed in New York, NY, from Havana, Cuba, on the “Norman”, an American ship. There was no departure date.
The coal mining industry in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, was in full force when the Bawdens settled in Norristown, its county seat. The 1850 Philadelphia census lists the Bawden family: Stephen, Mary, seven-year-old Stephen Douglas, five-year-old Henry Lightbourne, and two-year-old William. Stephen lists his occupation as “agent”. It is probable that he was connected with the sale of coal-mining equipment manufactured in Redruth. Stephen’s sister, Matilda Bawden and Mary’s sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Terrill Clemo and her daughter, Elizabeth Clemo, have joined the family. Census says Clinson.
In the 1860 Pennsylvania Federal Census for Norristown taken 3 August 1860, 49-year-old Stephen Bawden’s family includes: wife Mary, sons Stephen Douglas and Henry Lightbourne, 3 more children - Mary Terrill, Thomas John, George Washington; and Elizabeth Clemo and her 10-year-old daughter Elizabeth, 2 female servants 18-year-old Mary Douglas and 14-year-old Eliza White, both from England. Two-year-old son William, born in England, dies in Norristown 10 April 1851. Stephen gives his occupation as “gentleman” and states that his combined worth is $70,000.
The city of Davenport was established in 1836 just 4 years after the Blackhawk War [21 Sept 1832], which made settlement west of the Mississippi River possible. Population in 1850 was 1,848. By 1860, the population of Davenport reached 20,000, while the once-promising Rockingham had become almost a ghost town. By 1860, railroads had made travel relatively speedy and inexpensive. Stephen came to the area in advance of his family to purchase land. On 31 July 1860, Stephen, still a resident of Norristown, purchased part of Section 4 in Rockingham Township, Scott County, IA, from William and Mary Platts for $6,500. On 12 September 1860, more land is deeded in Section 4 by James G. And Margaret Mossman and on 20 September 1860, Willard and Anna Hutchinson Barrows deed land to him in the same section. Both September deeds give Stephen’s residence as Scott County, so the family became residents between 4 August and 11 September 1860. The Platts, next-door neighbor John Harrison and wife Jane, and Harrison’s next-door neighbor Mary More and her mother Mary A. Foster were all from England. It might be that Stephen was previously acquainted with one or all of these families and they may have enticed him to bring his family and mining equipment manufacturing agency to this bituminous coal-mining area.
Rockingham is the smallest township in the county, and many historical scenes center there. Its settlement began simultaneously with Princeton and LeClaire, just upriver. During the years 1835, '36 and '37, a few settlers made claims along the bluffs, and the edge of the prairie. Rockingham Township was annexed to Davenport 22 January 1958.
Stephen owned most of the northwest quarter of Section 4 consisting of about 160 acres. The southeast corner lay along the Mississippi River adjacent to Offermann’s Island, now Credit Island. The road leading to Rockingham ran through the center of the Bawden property now known in city/county registers as Bawden’s Addition.
Stephen moved into this pastoral setting he called “Valley Farm”. On the bluffs were large estates and summer places built by the Putnam, Fejervary, and Dillon families and some who came from St. Louis to escape the summer heat.
He set up a farm and built a large two-story stucco home with cyclone cellar. There is now Roosevelt Public School - a K-3 public school - closed, now a community center - where Stephen and Mary’s home was built (1220 Minnie Ave., Davenport, Scott County, Iowa). The Iowa Agricultural Census for 1870 and 1880 indicates Stephen would be a “gentleman farmer”. Only 18 of his 160 acres were cultivated, he had only 2 horses, 2 dairy cows, 25 barnyard fowl, and 9 swine. In a 20-year period, he didn’t earn more than $1000 per year.
He died at his home of a paralytic stroke 18 October 1881 at the age of 69. Mary moved to her daughter Mary Terrill Iles home at 614 E. 13th St. in Davenport where she died of “general disability” 8 December 1884. The family belonged to the Methodist Church. Mary and Stephen are buried in Davenport’s Oakdale Memorial Gardens in a plot marked by a huge BAWDEN family marker (sarcophagus), and headstones also marking sons Albert L. and Dr. Henry Lightbourne Bawden, baby Clark Bawden (Henry’s son), female 5 yo M. B. Knotwell who died of cholera. (Matilda’s child??)[See Find-a-Grave]