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KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS (STRATHMORE, PASCOE VALE, WESTBREEN, GLENROY, HADFIELD), VIC., AUST.

Journal by itellya

Much of my history cannot be reproduced as journals, because without the many maps etc., a lot of the text is meaningless. A copy of the handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS would have been provided to at least one library but may be difficult to locate, and as it consists chiefly of yarns,it will lose little as a journal.

INDEX.
aborigines 8, 41; accidents 24; "Ailsa" 41; airports 1A,13; "Aldersyde" 55; Anderson J. 3; architects 40; "Ardmillan" 40,41; Ashurst H.G. 30, 44; "Ashleigh" 19,52;Attwood J. 43.

Balsh 5; Barber G.P. and Eleanor 1C, 3, 33, 35; Barber Irene and Dr.N.C. 4, 33; Barrett's dairy 12, ?; Batman John. 19;"Bayview Farm" 50,51,52; Belle Vue 2,3,7,30-1,38,49,55; Belle Vue Heights Estate 4;Boundary Hotel 5; Bourke H. 4; Bowring J.3,55,56; Box Forest 5, 49, 55: Bradshaw 5; Breen Miss 6; Brewster E.J. 1B,1c,32,33, 37,39,44; brick kilns 35,48; Brickmakers' Arms Hotel 48; Brisbane J. 3,44; Brisbane Line 14; Broadmeadows Shire- 2,6,43,48; Broadmeadows Township 18,51; Brooks, Sir Dallas 9; Bryant R. 56; Buckley Capt. 41; Buckley Wm. 28;
building materials 10,19; Bulla Rd 1,2,3; Bulla Shire 43; Burkitt F.A. 55; Burns J. 30,44; Butler E.30; Buzzard-34, 37; Byron Vale Estate 4,38,39,47,52.

cable trams 10,22; Caldwell,Arthur 11,13; Callaghan 2,44; Cameron 6,7,8,51,54; Campbell 7; "Camp Hill" 13; Carnarvon Rd 1B,2,3,4,46; Carr H. 3; cars 10,11,19,26; Cavenagh 5; Chalmers W. 5; Chance R.2; Chapman J.55;
Chicken Farm Lane 19,21; Chinese 15,29; Chisholm F.. 19; Clarke W.J.T.(Big) 33; Cobb & Co. 16, 37; Cobb,Eliza-(see Fawkner); Coburg 6,8,9,10,11,26;Cochrane 50,52,54; Cockerell 14;Coghill D. 43,50; Collins,David 28;Connor,Gordon 1A,42; Cook,Albert 10,13,16,18;Cooke, Bernard James 2,3; Coonan's Hill 1015;cows 9,10,11; Craven A.W. 39; Cross Keys 13;Crotty 20; "Cumberland" 42-3,50;Currie 1C, Curry,Frank 10,20; Curtin John 14; cycling track 9,15.

"Dalkeith" 20;Dalton Miss 54; Davies (District Inspector) 6,14;Davies family 55;Deakin,Alfred 42; Deep Creek Road 3; Delaney M. 3; depressions 10,23,47; Doutta Galla parish 1A,1C,2,13; "Dundonald" 43,50,51; Dunn, Thomas 34.

Earle 40; Earlsbrae 2,41; education 5-9; English Joseph and John 3,4,30,49,55-6;Essendon Aerodrome 1A,13; Essendon(borough etc)2,37,40,48,52; Essendon Football Club 4,24,37,41,42; Essendon Hill Estate 4; Essendon schools 8,9.

Farmer G.13; farming types 11,14,47,52; Fawkner (suburb)5,7,9; Fawkner J.P.,John,Eliza 1A,2,5,6,8,28-31,40,55,56; Fenby 24;Ferris C. 3,49; Five Mile Creek 5; Fleet Electrics 10,11; Fletcher W.38; footy 4,26,37, 41-3; Foster J.F.L. 48; Fox M.3.

Gaffney St. 6,10,24; games 10,19,25; Gellibrand Hill Park (now Woodlands Historic Park) 43,46; Gibb A. 8,48,50; Gibson A.E. 55; Gibson G. 4; Glassen 24; Glendura (sic,Glendewar)43; Glenroy (suburb, farm)6-9, 50-53; goats- 9,10,15,16; "Gowanbrae" 13; "Gowrie Park" 7,8,41,48; Goyder F. 5,56; "Green Gables" 10,17,18,44; greyhounds 9; Grimes,Charles 28; Gumm Jemmy 28.

Hadfield 8,55; Hadfield Cr.R.5; half-houses 13,16,19; Hall (Pascoe Vale newsagent) 24; Hall John 1B,1C, 2,3; Hammond J.S.H. 4,45; Happy Valley 10,11,12, 21; Harrison 5; Hawkins W.J. 3, 56; hay and corn stores 10,11,15; Hayes 4, 45; Henderson's Paddock 8; Heron 49; "Hiawatha" 18,36,38,39; "Hilton" 52; Hodgson 1C,3,44; Holland P. 44; horses 8-12,15,42; hospitals 8,52; Hounslow J. 2; house on the island 9,10,15; Howse J. 1A,4; Hudson 1C,4; Hume Highway 12.

Influenza 8; Ingles J. 48; Ingram R. (teacher)6; Ironsidel J. 13.

J.Oops,I skipped a letter when compiling the index. Samuel Jackson would certainly be one of the missing names.
I'll try to remedy this later.

Kearney 2; Kelly 14; Kelly J.S. 4;Kerferd St. 1B; Kennedy D. & D. 50-55; Kernan J.Snr.(died 1879) 2,3,39, 44-5; Kernan family 4, 30, 34,44-5,55; Kerr Family 50-54; Kilburn 34, 47; ; Kirk's Bazaar 10,17, 39; Knight2,3,49,56; Korman 31.

Land prices 10,12,17,19,29,30,33,37,41,47,52,55; Lane,Dodd 10,12,19; Lane J. 8; "Langdale" 55; "La Rose" 40; "Lebanon" 1C,4,12,13,16,17,18,36-8, 39,45,47; Lewis R. 7,48; Lincoln Rd 3,4,46; Lind 4, 38; Lloyd, George 3,8,17,19; Loeman, Michael 39; Logan,Shaw 10,18-20,52; Lowther Hall 2,18,41; Lyons 1C, 3,4.

McAinch W. 54; McCord J.39,46-7;McCracken Alex and Mary E. 4,36,8,40-43, 45; McCracken family 2,40,41,49; McCrae Dr.F. 40; McCulloch,William 8,50,52,54,55; McDougall Robert 3,53,54; McGowery 14;McLachlan L. 2,44;McMarlin 5; McMurchison 5; McNamara 2,32; McPhail D. 40,48; "Magdala" 4,12,33,35-6; Maribyrnong 12,44; market gardens etc. 10,15,47; Marnell 5; Marshall 14; "Meadowbank" 8,48; Melbourne history 120; Mercy College 41; "Merai Farm" 30,44,55; migrants 6,11,14; milk 10,20; Mills family 12; Mills A. 48; Mills W.48; Moonee Ponds Creek 9; Morby/Mawbey J. 2; Morgan family (Pascoe Vale) 3,49,56; Morgan ("Niddrie") 32; "Mt Sabine" 6; Murphy, Bridget 2,Murray, William 3,55.

Napier Park 36; Napier Park dog track 9,15; Napier,Theodore 1C, 3,4, 12,33-6,45,48,56; Napier,Thomas 1C,2,3,6, 32-5; Nicholson 24; "Niddrie" 1C,5,7,32; Nixon J. 3, 47; Noonan P. 54; Norfolk Rd 6; North Essendon , 11-13; "North Park" 40-43,48.

Oaklands Hunt Club 43; Oak Park 7,9,56; Oates J. 12, 17; O'Brien E.(teacher) 6; Ormond Rd (Ascot Vale) 2; O'Shea (mechanic) 19.

parishes 1B; Pascoe 5; Pascoe, Hannah 28; PascoeVale Estate4; PascoeVale Rd 2,9; Pascoe Valeschools 5,7,9; Pascoe Vale shops 24; Pasture Hill farm 50,51,53,54; Peachey family 5,6,14,49,55; Peachey-Kelly Town 10,14; Pearson 52; Peck family 1C,3,4,13,16,36-9,42,47; Peck Ave. 2,5,10,27,39; Peucker 24; Pike,Jim 10,21; Pines the
3,49,56; Plunkett 14; Port Phillip Farmers' Society 40; poultry 9; Pow J.K. 2; prisoners 10,17,24,28,29.

Randall 12; rationing 10,26;Reddish 55; Red Rooster 10,16,18,49; returned servicemen 10,1?;Richards 5; Roberts 13,36; Robertson A. 2,56; Robertson James (three!)7,8,40,41,48; Robinson T.B.C. 7-8,48; rodeos 10; "Rosebank" 1C,4,33-4; "Roseneath" 33; Rowe, Archie 24; Rutherford 13; Ruthven 7.

saleyards 13; Salmon,William 4; "Sawbridgeworth" 52-3; schools 5-9,34; Scott J.3; Shaw J.W. 3; shops 10,15,24; Sinclair D. 40; slaughteryard 1A; Smith A. 3; Smith,James 2; Smith John 5,37; Smith, William 2,30,35,42,49; Somerton 44-5; Somerville, Townshend 2,3,34; South Wait (Sic, Southwaite)1A; Stephenson H.("Niddrie") 1C,3,7,8,32; "St John's" 1A,1C,29; Standen 55; Stoffers 5;Strange's garage 13; Stranks T. 54; Strathmore Heights 1A,1B,1C,10,13; Strathmore overpass 9; Strathmore (name) 5,6,10,12, 34,46; strathmore schools 6-10,12; SunriseEstate 4; swing bridge 10,16.

Tasma Theatre10,16; Taylor A.C. 1A,1C,3; Taylor J. 5;Thackerill 24; TerminusEstate 4; Thompson E.J. 45; Tomkinson 14; Toy,Alma 14;transport 10-14,19-2226-7,41; Travellers' Rest Hotel 1A; Trennear 4,45; "Trinifour" 41; Tucker, George 2,44; Tullamarine Freeway 7,9,15?, Tullamarine parish 13, Tullamarine Progress Association 13; two-up 10,20.

Urquhart 2; U.S.A. 3,16,36,39.

V.F.L. 4,24,37,41,43; videotape 10,18.

Walker Mrs A. 4; Walker T. 7; war 10,13-14,17; Watson J. 30; Watt,John and Annie 53-4;"Waverley" 55;way of life 10,21-3; Welsh 44; Westbreen 6,10,12,14,55; Weston 6; White M.S. 4; Wilkie 5; Williams,Colin 42; Williams W. 1B,2; Wilson 14; Will Will Rook Cemetery 3,36,38,48; Will Will Rook parish 1C,5,8,43,53; Willy 4; Wiseman family 19,52-4; Wood E. 4; Woodland St 2,4,33; "Woodlands" (Bulla) 43; Woolley 24; Wright E. 2.

Young, Charles 2; Young Queen Inn 30,49,46; Young,Thomas 2,54,55; Yuroke 44.

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KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS. Started in mid 1990, which explains mistakes such as "Glendura"-the way I had heard it pronounced. Text will be transcribed verbatim,warts and all, but comments will be added in italics.
Foreword.
This history is like a diary. It traces my growth of knowledge about Strathmore and the land to the east and west of Pascoe Vale Rd from a stage where I knew little about its history. If some of my statements earlier in the book seem to carry little authority,if wrong assumptions are made and later corrected,if footnote numbers are in the wrong order, while they may cause some difficulties to the reader,hopefully they will convey the sense of adventure experienced by the historian and enable you to share in the excitement of a new discovery, an assumption confirmed and so on. Thus,with warts and all,here is my history.

CONTENTS.
P.1A. A documentary history of Strathmore including rate records and parish maps.
P. 5. Excerpts from "Vision and Realisation" (Education Department centenary history,1972.)
P.10. 1930-1955. Based on a videotaped interview with Jim and Peggy McKenzie.
P.28. Pioneers and their properties (several sources.)
P.48. Pioneers in "Victoria and its Metropolis" (1888.)
P.50. Glenroy (Glenroy, Jacana and Glenroy West.)
P.55. South of Glenroy Farm. Whatever happened to "Belle Vue"?

MAIN SOURCES.
1.BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY,Andrew Lemon.
2. THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED. (City of Essendon),Grant Aldous.
3. VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS,PAST AND PRESENT (1888),Alexander Sutherland.
4. THE GOLD THE BLUE (History of Lowrher Hall school),A.D.Pyke.
5. ESSENDON CONSERVATION STUDY,Graeme Butler.
6. VISION AND REALISATION. (1972 centenary history of the education department.)
7. THE OAKLANDS HUNT. D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.
8. LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER. C.P.Billot.
9. POST OFFICE DIRECTORIES.
10.RATE BOOKS (BULLA,BROADMEADOWS,KEILOR).
11. GEORGIANA'S JOURNAL.McCrae.
12. PARISH MAPS (DOUTTA GALLA,JIKA JIKA, TULLAMARINE, BULLA,YUROKE.)

My thanks to Jenny Shugg at Gladstone Park High School library for enthusiastic assistance.

Page 1A.
Just as I found when interviewing old timers about Tullamarine's history, it is impossible to limit a localhistory to any specific area. For social or work reasons,people were dependent on,and travelled through, nearby settlementsand farmland While my original intention was to write a history of Strathmore, so much of Pascoe Vale,Hadfield and even Coburg has been introduced that a change of title was needed. The oral history supplied by Jim and Peggy McKenzie covers an area with a radius of about three miles from Pascoe Vale Primary School.

A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF STRATHMORE.
See comment 1 about maps and the attachment.
As can be seen from the maps where part of the parish of Doutta Galla is superimposed on current (1990) Melway maps, Strathmore consisted of the eastern half of section 16, most of section 23 and all of section 15.

Grant Aldous states in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED that the area first occupied by the Essendon aerodrome was known at that time (1921) as St Johns*. This name comes from George Frederick Berkeley St John,the grantee of the 525 acre section 23. St Johns only fronted the part of Bulla Rd now known as Wirraway Rd with John Hall's "Southwaite" fronting the road north to the boundary with the parish of Tullamarine (the line of Sharps Rd.)Southwaite was later farmed by John B.Howse who had a slaughteryard there. The Howse family also operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel (bounded by Dromana Ave, Matthews Ave and Louis St and including Rood St) which burnt down in 1899.
*In an Oaklands Hunt report,it was once wrongly called St John's Hill, the name of Brannigan's farm many miles to the north.

Gordon Connor told me about Jack Howse's slaughteryard and as a young lad heading up to help with the harvest at his grandmother's farm was also impressed by how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were; this was due to Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. In 1920,A.C.Taylor had the western 290 acres of St Johns.

St John, a police magistrate and commissioner of crown lands for the county of Bourke was accused of taking bribes by John Pascoe Fawkner of Belle Vue Park (across the creek from St John's grant.)Fawkner was sued for libel but had the satisfaction of seeing St John resign both positions and depart for England in disgrace.

PAGE 1B.
The map shows four parishes. Doutta Galla and Tullamarine were west of the Moonee Ponds Creek being respectively south and north of the line of Sharps Rd. Jike Jika and Will Will Rook were east of the creek and respectively south and north of (roughly) VictoriaSt/Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd. Grantees may be found from the parish maps. (e.g. Jika Jika,COUNTY OF BOURKE; the parish name followed by the words in capitals.)

The diamond-like subdivision of section 16 (see attachment) accounts for the angle of Kerferd St and the bends in the avenues between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd. The part east of Bulla Rd that became part of the Shire of Broadmeadows,was alienated in 1862 and the part to the west (shire of Keilor) was alienated in 1865.

My map shows grantees in the various parishes except that Donald and Duncan Kennedy's partitioning of the Glenroy Estate (sections 1 and 6,Will Will Rook) is shown rather than the names of speculator grantees,Hughes and Hosking. Thomas Napier,usually associated with today's Strathmore, was the grantee of 17B, Doutta Galla,which was named "Niddrie" by its next owner, Henry Stephenson,who also occupied the western,300 acre portion of section 23,Doutta Galla.
Surnames mentioned re page 1B in the index are as follow:
Parish of Tullamarine- Foster, Kenny.
Parish of Doutta Galla-Foster,Hall, Fawkner,Purnell,St John, Wright,Crichton,Connor,Phelan,Napier,Nicholson, Mairs*,Anderson,Mansfield,Williams,Cooke,Brewster.
Parish of Will Will Rook-Kennedy.
Parish of Jika Jika-Fawkner.
(*David Mairs, pioneer of the parish of Blackwood and then the parish of Bittern, about whom I have written a journal.)

Page 1C.
This page is mainly a composite Melway map on which details of current ownership (in sections 15,16 and 23)from an UNDATED Doutta Gallaparish map are superimposed. The parish map is wrong in regard to details concerning John Hall's "Southwaite" and "St John's". John Hall's 100 acre property (22B and D) is shown as being partly on St John's (section 23) but Stevenson (300 acres) and Hodgson (225 acres) fully account for the 525 acres of section 23.

This does not mean that other details are incorrect but they should not be taken as gospel.

John Hall's Southwaite was actually west of the line of Vickers Ave.
The boundary of Stephenson's and Hodgson's portions of section 23,both of which fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek,was not a straight north south line but a chevron heading south west from the creek and then south east,(e.g.<). I believe I have a map in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA on which the boundary had been plotted from descriptions in title documents. This and other information will be made available to any researchers whose ancestors, such as Mawbey and Sir John Franklin, were involved in section 23. Hodgson's 225 acres were previously occupied by Robert McDougall of "Arundel" near Keilor,accounting for Harry Peck's description of Stephenson and McDougall as (unneighbourly) neighbours.

No owners of section 16 land are shown on the Keilor Shire (west)side of Bulla Rd so this version of the parish map was probably produced by the Shire of Broadmeadows some time after the death of Thomas Napier (as indicated by Napier and Barber in section 15.) On the east side of Bulla Rd Hudson is shown as the owner of Essendon airport land north of the Tullamarine Freeway. As this would have adjoined John Murray Peck's "Lebanon", I presume Hudson was William Hudson of Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion (35-9 Ardmillan Rd,Moonee Ponds if I remember correctly) and Hudson's Paddock bounded by Mantell,Derby,George Sts(roughly)and Ardmillan Rd. Hudson was one of the partners in the stock and station firm of Hudson, Peck and Raynor until John Murray Peck left to form a new partnership with his son, Harry Huntington Peck (author of MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.)

Cam Taylor,later to own the western part of St John's,owned the western half of the chevron between First and Balmoral Avenues while Lyons owned the eastern half,fronting Carnarvon Rd. (One of these blocks,both bisected by Dublin Ave., may have later been owned by Dodd Lane!)

Section 15 west of Pascoe Vale Rd is shown as being owned by four people.Napier and Barber are shown as the owners of the land between Woodland St and a line indicated by the Lloyd/York St midline (the northern boundary of Theodore Napier's "Magdala") and the bends in Glenview Rd, Bournian and Collegian Avenues and Hillsyde Pde(the northern boundary of George Page Barber's "Rosebank".)Barber, one of Melbourne's early lawyers, had married Thomas Napier's daughter, and they lived for many years in Warrnambool, where George continued his legal career, until her father's death. Theodore had been given the western part much earlier and had built Magdala which survived until 1927 when it was destroyed by fire. (I believe the occupants at the time are named later in the book.)Barber built the present historic"Rosebank" mansion not far from the site of Thomas Napier's original house.

Most of the northern portion was owned by John Kernan (probably his estate)of Merai Farm. Its western boundary is indicated by the line of Esmail St continued south to Magdala's northern boundary. To the west, Hudson had part of section 15, adjoining his section 16 land at Lincoln (Carnarvon/Arvon)Rd. Hodgson probably sold his land to John English who claimed title to St John Franklin's northernmost 12 acres of section 15 due to adverse possession, John Murray Peck having occupied it since 1882 when he moved into "Lebanon".
(Google SIR JOHN FRANKLIN'S 12 ACRES.)

Barber's land,called "Rosehill",boasted a mansion with a nett annual valuation of 200 pounds in the Broadmeadows Shire assessments in 1900. A normal house would have a N.A.V.of about 10 pounds. Almost opposite was Alexander McCracken's North Park mansion in the municipality of Essendon. As in the case of John Kerr's "Kerrsland" near the north end of the Glenroy Estate,these two houses were the result of Presbyterian pioneers but were saved from decay by the Roman Catholic Church.

N.B. Pages 1A, 1B and 1C have involved a complete rewrite because of a need to describe map details and extra information gathered in the 23 years since this book was written.

PAGE 2.(Sentence continued from 1A.)
It is unlikely that St John lived on section 23 but if he had,there would have been few neighbourly words exchanged across the Moonee Ponds Creek with the owner of Belle Vue Park, John Pascoe Fawkner.*

*St. John v. Fawkner.
IT is proposed to raise the amount of the expenses incurred by the Defendant in the above action, in exposing the system of Bribery and Corruption carried on on by an officer of the Government. Subscriptions will he received at this office.Argus Office,11th December, 1848.(P.3, Argus, 20-2-1849.)

Details about the three maps,which has already been given.

The area north of Woodland St was until recently (1979) in the Shire/City of Broadmeadows whose ratepayers give further information about that undulating land which today bears the name of STRATHMORE. Bernard J. Cooke, whose land was west of Bulla Rd, was deeply involved in the early years of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and, as Grant Aldous relates in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED,he was involved in a dispute with Peter McCracken over a seat on council.

John Thomas Smith,who had land between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd was known to bribe voters with free oranges, according to Aldous. It is likely that these were grown on his section 16 grant rather than near Fenton St,Ascot Vale where he built Ascot House; Dr Harbinson's grant just across Bulla Rd contains a street called Orange Grove and a Keilor history mentions the Northern Ireland medico's oranges.

1863. William Smith (much of Lebanon); John Kernan; Lawrence McLachlan (leasing from Kernan); Pat Callaghan; Bridget Murphy (leasing from Callaghan); Samuel Jackson (see Victoria and its Metropolis); John Kent Pow; Thomas Napier; Patrick MCNamara (leasing from Napier and Urquhart); Alexander Kearney (leasing much of the north eastern quarter of section 16 from the grantee,W.Williams);Alexander Robertson; J.T.Smith; B.J.Cooke; Thomas Young; James Smith; John Morby (sic); John Hall;Townshend Somerville (leased from grantee,R.Chance, 14 acres fronting Woodland St, Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd.)
Across the Moonee Ponds Creek in today's Oak Park were J.P.Fawkner; James Hownslow; George Knight; George Tucker*; William Smith (old Young Queen Inn); and Charles Young*.
* Ratepayers were listed geographically so it is assumed that Tucker and Charles Young were on Fawkner's Jika Jika grant with the others whose locations are known.


PAGE 3.
1880.
Edward Wright (leased from J.B.(sic)Cooke,land near Essendon); James G.Brisbane (leased from Kernan, Doutta Galla); Hugh* Peck, house and 34 acres,PascoeVale,i.e. Lebanon; John Hall,house and 115 acres,Doutta Galla, i.e Southwaite; Josph Nixon (leasing from Sam Jackson);Samuel Jackson; Thomas Kelly Land, Essendon Division (section 16); Robert McDougall**,200 acres,Doutta Galla; Mrs Thomas Napier,80 acres,Doutta Galla;Theodore Napier 20 acres,Doutta Galla; Joseph Nixon (leased from Kilburn,100 acres, Doutta Galla; Townshend Somerville, land,Doutta Galla; H. Stevenson**,land,Doutta Galla (the western 300 acresof St Johns.)
The following were all described as being at Pascoe Vale,meaning today's Oak Park,north of the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Joseph Bowring 100 acres; Frank Goyder (publican and racing identity, leasing 100 acres from John English); William Jones 20 acres (probably including the former Young Queen Inn paddock); John Kernan,210 acres,i.e.Merai Farm; Mary Knight 150 acres; Mrs.W.Murray,house and 77 acres; Frederick Morgan,40 acres,i.e.The Pines (Fred married Helen Maria Knight.)

*This was Lebanon and Hugh Peck, a money broker and land agent FROM ENGLAND seems to be totally unrelated to John Murray Peck (from New Hampshire U.S.A.) I assume that William Smith had lost his grant or mortgaged it.
**Thus Harry Peck's description of the shorthorn breeders being neighbours.

1900.
James Anderson, Essendon Hill (section 16,leased from Lockwood); Eleanor Barber (Thomas Napier's daughter), 22 acres "Rosehill"; George Barber,gentleman,Rosehill mansion and land,N.A.V. 200 POUNDS; Alexander Robertson, 200 acres Doutta Galla,leased from Hodgson executors; Henry Carr,44 acres Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd; Charles Ferris 18 acres,Pascoe Vale,leased from (Land Mutual?) Bank; Michael Fox, land Essendon Hill; John Kernan, villa and 120 acres leased from Hodgson, house and land,Pascoe Vale,leased from Napier; Martin Delaney,contractor, 20 acres LINCOLN RD*,leased from Lyons; John Scott,20 acres Pascoe Vale leased from T.Napier; Alfred Smith,dairyman,land Essendon Hill;Stevenson Brothers, 310 acres, Deep Creek Rd;William J.Hawkins, butcher, 134 acres Pascoe Vale.

The use of the original name for Bulla Rd is strange. *Carnarvon Rd was called Lincoln Rd.


PAGE 4.
1920.
Bulla Rd (east side.) John B.Howse (leasing from Hall)house and 100 acres,i.e. Southwaite; A.C.Taylor ;,house and 290 acres (Stephenson's former western portion of section 23); John S.Kelly 4 blocks totalling 179 acres and 2 houses; Edward Wood, house and 14 acres (see Townshend Somerville in 1863);

Lincoln Rd(Carnarvon Rd.)Thomas Lyons 20 acres; Harriet Bourke house and 31 acres; Sunrise Estate 29 acres; Irene Barber 71 acres;

Woodland St (north side.) Theodore Napier, house and 33 acres "Magdala";Harry Hudson, house and land; Michael S.White, house and (39?)acres; Mrs A. Walker, 20 acres leased from Willy on creek; William Salmon house and 140 acres. (Salmon actually lived in "Roseneath" (on the Essendon side of Woodland St)built by David Duncan and the death place of Big Clarke and donated Salmon Reserve, through which Five Mile Creek ran,to the council.)

Byron Vale Estate. Harry H. and Richard Peck 43 acres; GeorgeGibson,N.S.W.,5 acres; Ralph Lind,inspector,house and land.

Pascoe Vale Rd.(SOUTH OF BRIDGE.)
John Kernan house and 21 acres; John N.S.Hammond 4 acres; David Hayes 6 acres; John Trennear house and 3.5 acres; Mrs M.McCracken* house and land leased from Mrs L.Peck; Mrs Louisa Ellen Peck house and 38 acres, "Lebanon"; J.M.English** 200.5 acres; Emily Lind land.
(*The house was almost certainly Wannaeue, later occupied by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary,Albert Cook (after the new shire hall was built near the station in 1928)thus acquiring the nickname of Cook's Cottage.It was demolished without a permit and Red Rooster near the pedestrian bridge now occupies the site. John Murray Peck was dead and his English-born wife had Lebanon. Their daughter Mary, who had married Alexander McCracken, was also a widow and had left the North Park mansion in Woodland St to live in "Wannaeue" near her mother and her brother ,Harry, who lived in "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.)
(**English has taken over Hodgson's 200 acre eastern portion of section 23.)

The lads returning from W.W.1 were eager to marry the sweethearts who had waited for them,prompting a resurgence of subdivisions as had happened in the boom before the 1890's bust.The 1930's depression put an end
to this second boom with the result that Jim McKenzie and his mates could ride over empty paddocks to Dodd Lane's place in Dublin Ave. Lack of building materials because of W.W.2 further delayed house construction with half-houses and concrete tiles a sign of the times.

Subdivisions in 1920 and people associated with them were as below:
PASCOE VALE ESTATE Mrs Emily Lind (Lind,Vernon,Hood and Lincoln Sts.)
ESSENDON HILL ESTATE Mrs Sarah and Samuel Davidson.
SUNRISE ESTATE Mrs M. and Frank Callaghan.
TERMINUS ESTATE Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.)
BELLEVUE HEIGHTS ESTATE Sold by W.R.Blair and Sons.
ROSEBANK ESTATE Norman Charles Barber M.D.

It looks as if suburbia has arrived. And yet in the days of the second world war,youngsters such as Jim McKenzie could ride over the Napier St area and pass only a few houses.

PAGE 5.
Apart from the oral history of Jim and Peggy McKenzie,the suburban development of the area,and more distant history can be gleaned from the pages of VISION AND REALISATION,the centenary publication of the Victorian Education Department (1972.) Each school's history was written by a staff member and not everything can be taken as gospel. For example the Gladstone Park school is described as being in the parish of Doutta Galla (south of Sharps Rd!)and Niddrie Primary School was said to be on Niddrie Farm (17A Doutta Galla)when it was actually on 17B (Spring Farm.)

Strathmore is said to have come from the name of a valley near which Thomas Napier had lived in Scotland. The area and the Strathmore station were originally called North Essendon, a name that persisted near Bulla Rd.

SCHOOLS IN THE THREE MILE RADIUS (OF PASCOE VALE STATE SCHOOL.)-SUMMARIES.
(Closure of schools and half-time schools,where each operated for half the school day with a teacher travelling from one to the other,often across swollen creeks, during his lunch break were consequences of the 1890's depression which started to bite in 1892. The Government was almost broke. VISION AND REALISATION should be available from municipal libraries and any school operating in 1972 and still open. Summaries for schools outside the area of investigation are much briefer than those within it.)

S.S.47 FAWKNER (BOX FOREST.)
A non-vested school established by the C.of E. on 20-11-1854 with Walter Chalmers as H.T. and an average attendance of 9. Under the department a site was purchased in Oct. 1874 and a wooden schoolhouse was built to accommodate 72 pupils. It closed in 1892.
(Some Box Forest families in 1949 were Bradshaw,McMarlin,Marnell,Turner,Wilkie,Balsh and McMurchison.(P.O. directory.)By 1880,the Cavenagh, Harrison, Jukes, Jones, Pascoe, Peachey,Richards, Stoffers (Boundary Hotel?),Smith and Taylor families were assessed by Broadmeadows Shire. Box Forest was section 2 of the parish of Will Will Rook purchased from the crown by John Pascoe Fawkner in March 1850 on behalf of contributors to his land co-operative.It was officially renamed in honour of Cr Rupert Hadfield of Broadmeadows Shire.

S.S.483 ESSENDON (PASCOE VALE.)
A forerunner of the Raleigh St school was at the junction of Five Mile and Moonee Ponds Creeks (Melway 28 J-K2) and accessed via Government Rd. It operated from 1858 until 1863.
(Some of the pupils may have lived on the Cross Keys Reserve which was divided into small blocks. In 1863, the school moved to a site near Windy Hill but not apparently the present one.)

3081 PASCOE VALE.
A two mile train trip allowed children to be taught at S.S.483 NEAR WINDY HILL until fares became too expensive. It opened in a leased Church of Christ.....

PAGE 6.
...building in 1891 with Robert Ingram as H.T. In 1894, as an economy measure,it was joined to S.s.484 Coburg. A site was purchased in 1910 at the corner of NORFOLK ROAD (now Gaffney St) and Cumberland Rd.,and it was occupied in September 1911 with Edmund O'Brien as H.T.

S.S.3118 GLENROY.
Glenroy was named by D.Cameron after aplace on Inverness,Scotland. Opened on 6-4-1891 in a leased building and the Wheatsheaf Rd school commenced in April 1908. Overcrowding was eased by the opening of Glenroy North (1956) and Glenroy West (1958.)Nett enrolments reached 1350 between 1956 and 1959.

S.S.4015 ESSENDON NORTH.
Opened 1-9-1920. Enrolments: 270 in June 1921, 550 in 1928, 956 in 1953 and 436 in 1970. Summary brief , the school being outside the area being discussed.

S.S.4158 WESTBREEN.(Formerly Mt Sabine.)
Mt Sabine* was the name of a large property in the area. The school opened in 1923 in a hall on the Mt Sabine Estate.District Inspector Davies suggested Westbreen as the school's name,being a combination of the names of two bus proprietors, Weston and Miss Breen. In about 1932,part of the old Pascoe Vale school was erected on 3 acres purchased from H.Peachey. From 1950 a migrant hostel in the army camp and subdivision of farmlands made enrolments seem to double and re double almost overnight. In 1954 more than 40% were migrants from northern and central Europe.Overcrowding was eased when 130 pupils transferred to the new Broadmeadows East school.

(*In 1990, I knew nothing about the internet. Now I use trove all the time so it wasn't hard to find a reference to Mt Sabine:
GEACH-On the 21st March, 1928 at Miss Hill's private hospital, Fitzroy, Frank Herbert,beloved husband of Alice Ethel Geach, Mount Sabine,Pascoevale, father of Nerissa, Frank,Catherine, Miriam Hermione, Edwin, and Edwina, in his 66th year.A friend to all mankind.
However I seem to recall that Pascoe Vale Girls' School started in the Mt Sabine homestead (we'll soon see) so I doubt that Westbreen state school's 3 acre site was on the Mt Sabine farm. Frank may have bought a Box Forest (Hadfield) block which was part of the estate of Frank Geach Snr late of Mt Sabine,not the MT SABINE ESTATE.)

SEE COMMENTS RE MT SABINE. (NO MENTION IN PASCOE VALE GIRLS'SCHOOL ENTRY; INFORMATION WAS READ BUT NOT RECORDED.)

S.S.4612 STRATHMORE.
Strathmore,a valley in Scotland was the homeland of the Napier family. (N.B. If this is correct,the valley must be near Montrose on the east coast-V&I.M. 1888.) Theodore Napier owned agricultural land having Woodland St as its southern frontage; the school was built on this land. Due to wartime problems, the school opened incomplete on 4 acres purchased by the Broadmeadows Shire Council. Destroyed by fire on 28-11-1945,the buildings were not replaced until December 1946. (N.B. This was probably due to a lack of building material which persisted for some years after the war.)By 1960 nett enrolments reached 807.In 1967-8,the removal.......

PAGE 7.
......of many houses to make way for the Tullamarine Freeway caused another big drop in numbers,the opening of Strathmore North on 9-2-1961 having seen 106 pupils depart.

S.S, 4704 PASCOE VALE SOUTH.
Opened on 2-2-1954 with 180 pupils. Freeway construction with resultant demolition of houses caused a decline with numbers.

S.S.4721 OAK PARK.
Opened with 180 pupils in February 1954. Within a short distance is the site of John Fawkner's home and the houses of the school commemorate Fawkner and his three assistants* (sic),Stephenson Campbell and Cameron, who farmed the land. Nett enrolment was 813 in 1965.
*The Camerons were overlanders and leased the Glenroy Estate (which they named), north of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park grant,from speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Robert Campbell, resident near the Merri Creek in 1849 may have been the grantee of section 4, Will Will Rook, north east of Fawkner's Box Forest. Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" had the western 300 acres of St John's south and east of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park.There is absolutely no evidence that they worked for Fawkner and neighbours might have been a better word than assistants. Stephenson might have been on St John's before Fawkner's death.

S.S.4731 PASCOEVALE NORTH. (Melway 17 D7, s.w. cnr Kent and Derby Sts.)
On 12-3-1842,crown land in the parish of Jika Jika was purchased by Thomas Walker of Sydney. A masonry veneer building of 16 classrooms was built and occupied on 13-3-1956 with the enrolment rapidly reaching 600.

S.S. 4779 NORTH FAWKNER.
Opened 1-7-1957 with 245 pupils and had a nett enrolment in December,1970.

Not knowing the location of Fawkner North which was not listed in my 1999 Melway, I found mention of it in the Wikipedia entry for Fawkner.
Within the suburb of Fawkner, there are two government primary schools: Fawkner Primary and Moomba Park Primary. Two Catholic primary schools were also built: St. Matthew's PS and St. Mark's PS (1934). Fawkner Secondary College began in 1956 and an Islamic college, Darul Ulum College of Victoria, was established in 1997 on the grounds of the former Fawkner North Primary school.[7] Historically, the Fawkner Technical School was built on the site west of the Moomba Park Primary School at the same time the primary school was established. Fawkner Technical School was eventually demolished to make way for residential allotments. Bruce Smeaton, composer and musician taught at this school which started out as an exclusive boys school of high repute.

4782 GLENROY NORTH. (FORMERLY BROADMEADOWS SOUTH.)
Opened 11-9-1956 with 850 pupils. Nett enrolment was 795 in 1970.
South west corner of Cardinal Rd and Daley St and separated from Glen and Delhi Sts. by house blocks in 1999.

4787 NORTH PARK.
Opened 10-9-1957 with 97 pupils, mainly from Pascoe Vale North and Westbreen Schools. Nett enrolments: early 1958 -330; 1967 -780; 1970 -700. This seems to have been at about 13 Bedford St, Hadfield where modern housing isshown on the street view. It was not shown in the 1999 Melway so it was probably jeffed like Fawkner North.

4806 GOWRIE PARK.
"Gowrie Park" was a grazing property between Hume Highway(sic) and West St(sic*), , which was owned in the 19th century by Robinson (sic**) from Gowrie in England (sic);his bluestone homestead two blocks north of the school is still occupied. The school opened on 11-6-1962 with 271 pupils. Nett enrolments were 387 in 1963,626 in 1966 and about 800 in 1968. CONTINUED ON PAGE 8.

*(Adjoining Box Forest,its south east corner is indicated by Fairleigh St (Melway 17 F 1-2) and it adjoined Meadowbank north of John and Andrew St houses (Melway 7 B-D 12.) Its western boundary was Morley St.)

**(Section 5 Will Will Rook was granted to Alexander Gibb who built "Meadowbank" on the northern half (320 acres) and "Gowrie" on the southern half for James ROBERTSON, who like Alexander's brother, James, had married a Coupar girl. Both houses are shown on page 18 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. James ROBERTSON was NOT a Keilor farmer as stated in the book. In 1900,Thomas B.C.ROBINSON was leasing 317 acres, "Gowrie" from James ROBERTSON.)

PAGE 8.(Gowrie Park S.S.continued.)
Gibb Reserve in Blair St honours the municipal service of Alexander Gibb and his son, Alexander Coupar Gibb.
This Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm which occupied the operational part of Melbourne Airport extending a mile west and north west of the terminal building. In 1920-1,racehorse trainer,Robert Lewis, was assessed on 317 acres, "Gowrie Park". The bluestone homestead on 3 acres was obviously leased separately in 1900 and 1920,James Robertson Jnr having moved to the Somerton area.His father , who died on 28-7-1888 at the age of 80 is buried at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 C9)next to the Gibbs, neighbours in death as well as in life.(Genealogical details from Deidre Farfor,a descendant of James Robertson of Upper Keilor.)

S.S.4809 GLENROY WEST.
Opened 21-4-1958 with 370 pupils. Nett enrolment in 1970 was 720.
Melway 16 E 2-3 fronting Clovelly Ave and York and William Sts. Still operating in 2014.

S.S.4821 STRATHMORE NORTH.
Opened 9-2-1861 with 150 pupils. Net enrolment: 241 in late 1961; 448 in 1969; by 1970 the school had become overcrowded.
Bruce Barbour has included a brief history of the school on his website.
Strathmore History - North Strathmore Primary - Vicnet
home.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/nprimary.html&#8206;
The information contained in the section below is an edited shortened version of the history contained in a Booklet entitled "Strathmore North Primary School ...

The above will not include the following.
I think the potted history mentions the acquisition of houses* to enlarge the playground but I don't think it mentions the playground often being underwater. The school was lucky to have a supportive community which dealt with this problem as well as obtaining a fine hall. I was fortunate in teaching at Strathy North 1992-8. The grassed area east of the front path from Mascoma St was overcrowded when I arrived,with three or more separate football games being played simultaneously in this smallish space because nobody wanted to play on the rocks,the triangular area west of the buildings and staff car park. Luckily a staff member spent much of his summer holiday covering the rocks with buffalo grass.

STRATHY NORTH MAY NEVER HAVE OPENED!
*The brief history mentioned above did not discuss the enlargement of the school grounds, only that they consisted of 2.5 acres when purchased. Either Paul Agar or the original history (25th anniversary)must have mentioned the houses that stood within the present boundaries.

The education department's intention to sell the original site prompted a quick reaction as Bruce's summary shows.
"In 1954, the Education Department acquired the present school site, possibly foreseeing that continuing steady growth of home building in the area could lead to overcrowding at the closest schools, Oak Park and Strathmore, in the future years.

However in 1959 it was learnt that the Education Department proposed to sell the site. This news had the effect of greatly stimulating interest in obtaining a school in the area as quickly as possible.

A group of parents, aware of the number of new homes being built in the areas close to the eastern ends of Mascoma and Lebanon Streets, and the serious overcrowding at Strathmore Primary School, began to press for the establishment of a new school on the present site.

Prominent in the early moves for the school were Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Arthur Roberts, whose letter to a local newspaper attracted wide attention, Mr. Ron Bucknell and Mrs. Jean Cole, Mrs. Marj Reddish, Mrs. Avril Roberts, Mrs. Joan Nichols and Mrs. Dulcie Streete, who conducted a house to house survey to ascertain prospective enrolments, should a school be built. This survey indicated that there were already 200 children of school and immediate pre-school age in the proposed schools area."

The school was lucky to have Paul Agar on hand in the 1990's. He was the school caretaker but if anything needed fixing, Paul did it for nothing. It was when I was helping Paul to install some climbing equipment that I realised how much "the rocks" had been built up. The top layer of fine screenings had been noticed during the grass-planting but we had to dig down 60 centimetres through a lower layer of coarse screenings before reaching soil.

By the 1990's the school was much nearer to 200 pupils and was in the second division of the Essendon District Sports Association at the annual athletics carnival. The school won this division for a tremendous number of years but its crowning achievement in athletics is recalled by a photograph in the crowded trophy cabinet. Five girls competing in the 4x100 metre relay gave up almost every lunchtime for a month and by the time of the carnival at Aberfeldie, they could change the baton while running flat out. P.E.G.S. (PENLEIGH AND ESSENDON GRAMMAR SCHOOL) usually won most of the events at the sports, having employed members of the Essendon Athletics Club to coach their competitors,including their relay teams.

The Strathy North girls beat them and were they dirty! The Strathy North girls came second in the Victorian Championships. The fifth girl missed out on the glory but she was just as responsible for this great achievement as the other four.

On one occasion,one of the teachers on yard duty was concerned because most of the pupils had disappeared one lunchtime. In desperation,she opened the hall door and with obvious relief said,"Here they are!" She'd forgotten about the popular Lunchtime Gym.

SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
Many of the secondary schools are now closed.Many of those west of Pascoe Vale Rd are discussed on the following website, which supplied the detail for my 2014 entry for Box Forest Secondary College and closures:
High School for Coburg: June 2010
www.highschoolforcoburg.org/2010_06_01_archive.html&#8206;





Moreland High School closed on 31 December 1991 - now Kangan Batman TAFE




(2014 Postscript-BOX FOREST SECONDARY COLLEGE.
Moomba Park Secondary College, Glenroy High School, Glenroy Technical School, Hadfield Secondary College and Oak Park Secondary College merged on 1 January 1993 to form Box Forest Secondary College, now Glenroy College.)



COBURG HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced 30-1-1912, with 131 pupils on four rooms at Coburg State School as the first Higher Elementary School in Victoria. Elevation in status to a high school and occupation of the present site of one acre on Henderson's Paddock, an old aboriginal burial ground, followed in 1916. The net enrolment was almost 400 by 1925. (P.S. Closed 31-12-1993.)

ESSENDON HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 4-2-1913 and became a high school in 1914. During the severe (Spanish*) influenza epidemic of 1919,the school became an emergency hospital with the pupils housed in new buildings at Moonee Ponds State** School.
(* So-named because a member of the Spanish Royal Family was an early victim.
** Local parents must have liked this turn of events with the result that the primary school became a Central School with form 1 and 2.)

GLENROY HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 2-2-1954, with 231 pupils in form 1 and 2,"on the fringe of the settled areas." The names of houses-Cameron,Fawkner, McCullagh and Stevenson- honour early settlers in the district.
(Cameron leased the estate from Sydney speculators,calling it Glenroy; Fawkner was an equally early pioneer settling immediately south of Glenroy and planting an orchard and English trees, such as the oak,which caused a later owner, Hutchinson of the flour mill at Glenroy, to rename the property as "Oak Park; Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" also occupied the western 300 acres of St Johns between English St in the aerodrome and Fawkner's land across the Moonee Ponds Creek; McCulloch bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedy's executors in 1874.)

HADFIELD HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened in February,1964 with 343 pupils. Net enrolments were 539 in 1965,740 in 1966, 843 in 1967 and 930 in 1969 (including 13 in the first sixth form.)

(P.S. Hadfield Secondary College closed on 31 December 1992 - The buildings were demolished and the site is now a retirement village. )


PAGE 9.
OAK PARK HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 5-2-1959 with 150 form 1 pupils.By 1962, enrolments were over 700 and in 1963 there were 990,with 170 being transferred to Hadfield at year's end.

(P.S. Oak Park Secondary School closed 31 December 1992.)

PASCOE VALE GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 7-2-1956 in nearby halls for a year. (See BETWEEN TWO CREEKS by Richard Broome for extensive detail.)

The school is still operating, its website including 2014 events and this history which has a picture of the Mt Sabine homestead.

SCHOOL EVENTS & DATES
SHAPE WEEK From: 00:00 - Mon, 31/03/2014 To: 23:59 - Fri, 04/04/2014 etc.

Pascoe Vale Girls School opened in 1956 with an enrolment of 115 girls. Until the completion of the first section of building, classes were conducted in the Holy Trinity Parish Hall in Pleasant Street, and the Central Progress Association Hall in Park Street. Miss K.D Meldrum was appointed as the first Head Mistress. Classes were conducted in the buildings on the permanent site in Lake Avenue in February 1957. By this time the school enrolment had risen to 500 students. The second and third sections of the main school were completed and occupied by 1962. A foundation ceremony was held, at which the Director of Education, Mr. A. McDonell, unveiled a plaque to commemorate the completion of the main building.
In 1963 Miss E.D Daniel was appointed Head Mistress. Miss Daniel strove to raise the status of girls and women and to forge attitudes for girls to reach their academic potential and seek professional and leadership roles in the community.
Pascoe Vale Girls lost its "Girls Domestic School" stigma and became a High School in 1966. In 1968, the E.D Daniel Assembly Hall was officially opened, and enrolments continued to increase, despite the fact that there was no sixth form and the most talented students had to transfer to other schools to continue their final year of education.
In 1975 Mr E. De Motte was appointed Principal.
A Commonwealth Science block was added to the site and the George O'Brien Oval was named after the School Council President who had served the school for 18 years. The student population grew to 825 and the E.D Motte Library was built.
The current principal, Miss Helen Jackson took over in 1987. In 1991, Pascoe Vale Girls became a Secondary College.
1995 heralded a new era when, under the Schools of the Future program, Pascoe Vale Girls Secondary College officially became a self-managing one and in 2002 was renamed Pascoe Vale Girls College. With a population of 1,353 girls, the college attracts students from a wide geographical area and from diverse cultural backgrounds.
In 2009, the school received $6.3 million for renovations and new buildings, which are expected to be finished by Term 4, 2011.
The school's current principal, Miss Helen Jackson, is the longest serving principal in Victoria, with over 60 years of teaching.


STRATHMORE HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced in 1957 in Raleigh St.state school and nearby halls. The first stage was occupied in late 1957. Enrolment was over 1000 in 1963. Land lost due to the Strathmore overpass,Pascoe Vale Rd widening and the freeway has been partly replaced by the elimination of the Moonee Ponds Creek.

[The Napier Park dog track was on the high school site with the board track near the overpass. Peggy McKenzie tells that an old lady lived on an island in the creek and wasafocus of concern when the creek was likely to flood,which it did often, inundating the present school site. Cracking of the school's library was a recent (late 1980's?)problem;it was built on filled land,possibly the school side of the island.)

TECHNICAL SCHOOLS.
COBURG TECH. (Gaffney St.)
Opened February,1954 and moved to the present site on 9-11-1954. Most people would know one teacher and one student from Coburg Tech.; *John Kennedy and **Angry Anderson.
(* Day 203 Reflections on a Teacher's Life | In this my 70th year;
** Angry Anderson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angry_Anderson&#8206;
Anderson grew up in suburban Coburg and attended Coburg Technical School before working as a fitter and turner in a factory. Initially he wanted to be a blues )

(P.S. Coburg Technical School - now Coburg Special Development School.)

ESSENDON TECH.
Opened February 1939 in the old West Melbourne Tech.buildings and moved to the present site in August 1939.

FAWKNER TECH.
Opened 6-2-(1961?*)at Melbourne Textiles School and moved to the present site on 10-1-(1960?)One house, BROOKS, honours popular Governor of Victoria, Sir Dallas Brooks, after whom the suburb of Dallas was also named.
*I can't remember whether I wrote the question marks because my notes re the years were illegible or they were copied verbatim and didn't make sense.

GLENROY TECH.
Opened February 1956 at the showgrounds,later moving to old classrooms in Latrobe St for the rest of that year.

The forgoing confirms Jim McKenzie's claim that the population explosion occurred during the 1950's. Until that time,the latitude of Woodland St virtually divided city from country and those living to the north could keep horses,cows,goats and poultry. We now move onto Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history.

PAGE 10.
2014 POSTSCRIPT.
Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history interview was taped on one of six 3 hour videotapes. If I remember correctly,they were donated to the Sam Merrifield Library at Moonee Ponds when I was leaving Tullamarine.

VISEOTAPED INTERVIEW.
Jim's family moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale when he was about 13 years old. Peggy (nee Holmes)and her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St in 1935 when she was five, then relocated to Fawkner St, a bit farther up that steep hill,five years later. Jim and Peggy built their house in Tasman Avenue, Strathmore Heights in about 1970.

Index to interview subjects. Cow Dung Flats,Horses(Page 10); Fleet Electrics,Coburg council quarry 11; breaking horses and training trotters, a handful of houses in Strathmore,1940 residents near Peck Ave. 12; post-war boom 13; Peachey-Kelly Town 14; Coonan's Hill and market gardens, hay and corn stores,first self service,non swimmers,goats, Strathmore High School site and the house on the island 15; Strathmore's former name,the swing bridge and Jim Flood; Tasma Theatre 16; Kirk's Bazaar,Green Gables and prisoners, land-price fixing and returned servicemen's problems 17; Cook's homestead and Red Rooster,Shaw Logan 18; Dodd Lane,shortage of building material 19; Frank Curry-youth worker?, early Melbourne history, cable trams,picking up milk 20;two-up school and amateur rodeos,Happy Valley and Chicken Farm Lane, Jim Pyke,rail-motor house calls, 21; a hard but happy life 22; the depression 23; Pentridge prison farm,weekend trips to sleepy Sunbury,Strathmore Heights, shops at Pascoe Vale Station 24; try this hill Mulga Bill,children's games and naughty tricks 25; The Strathmore gates, petrol and a cuppa, overcoming rationing 26; walking blackberries 27.

COW DUNG FLATS.
The Pascoe Vale lads coined this name for the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd over which the the boys,most of whom had horses, rode on their country romps.

HORSES.
If Iraq had invaded Kuwait in 1937, the incident would hardly have raised a mention in The Argus. In 1990,it's not only front page news but also the excuse for a hefty rise in petrol prices. Before the second world war , there wasan entirely different set of expectationsfor young people. The horse had been the popular mode of transport for thousandsof years and instead of looking forward to having a car at 18, a youngster could look forward to....

PAGE 11.
...having a horse at 12 or 13. Hay and corn stores were everywhere but garages were exceptional, queer places with hand-operated pumps, few customers and plenty of time for a chat. The term "oil crisis" had little meaning in such a way of life. A youngster in Pascoe Vale, such as Jim McKenzie,kept hishorse in the vacant block(s) next door and could enjoy aride north orwest for miles. Happy Valley, North Essendon and Cow Dung Flats were country land,not suburbia, and were to remain so until Arthur Caldwell's immigration policy and the housing commissions purchase of land at Broadmeadows had such an impact in the 1950's.

Agistment of horses was usually the last farm use in the area before urbanisation took over completely. (This was the situation at Gowanbrae at the time this book was written.) In the early days, hay-growing, dairying and sometimes sheep grazing and breeding of draught horses (which were the trucks and tractors of those times) took precedence,but from the 1940's, the agistment of horses and poultry farming, which could be carried out on smaller parcels of land, became more common. (Postscript. Pig farming on Box Forest (Hadfield)was quite common because it had been subdivided among John Pascoe Fawkner's land co-op members in 1850 with blocks later being consolidated into small farms of sufficient size, but swine fever struck and Stephen Peachey moved to a 6.5 acre dairy farm, now Boyse Court, at Tullamarine in about 1920.)

During the 1970's roads became more crowded and sadly,too dangerous for the horse-drawn milk cart,a romantic relic of a fast-disappearing way of life where hay was the fuel and horsepower meant just that! Now instead of using the "exhaust" as garden fertiliser*, we measure the toxic lead content. (*Keen gardeners used to follow the milk cart!)

FLEET ELECTRICS.
Probably the pioneers of secondary industry in the Pascoe Vale/Strathmore area, this firm which manufactured electric ovens, had its premises at the corner of Woodlands Avenue and Pascoe Vale Rd before W.W.2.

COBURG COUNCIL QUARRY.
Like many of his fellow returned servicemen, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life, and after continuing his service until 1947 as a member of the occupation forces in Japan, he optedfor an outdoor job which better suited his restless spirit. He worked at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd, which later....

PAGE 12.
...became the Coburg Drive-In Theatre. (Melway 17 J-K6, east of Parker Reserve.)

BREAKING HORSES AND TRAINING TROTTERS.
Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses, up to nine at a time. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings ($3) each at South Melbourne and lead them along Spencer St (Abbotsford St etc) to Flemington Bridge from which he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St (Melway 29 C 10-11.)

Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing Jim and his dad from their jinker. (P.S.It was customary to lead horses being transported from a vehicle. It was dangerous to wind the lead around one's wrist because if the horse was spooked the person holding it could be jerked out of the jinker, but disregarding a warning about this actually saved young Hill's life at Bertram's Ford near Keilor in 1906, while his young mate,William John Mansfield and his namesake father both perished.)

After horses were broken they would be sold for two pounds and as horse-ownership was very common,the turnover in this sideline was very brisk.

After the war,Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracksat Westbreen, Happy Valley and along the narrow Hume Highway to train trotters and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel. This story illustrates the change in truck speed and the nature of traffic. When the mobile barrier was introduced in trotting,Jim would move up behind and just to the left of a slow-moving truck on the Hume Highway. He would follow for some distance and then take off passing the truck. Imagine trying that trick with a Kenworth or on the Hume Highway today! Another training venue was near the dog track and cycling track at Strathmore.

STRATHMORE DIDN'T EXIST (1940.)
Jim and his mates would ride from Pascoe Vale to Bulla Rd near Dodd Lane's in Dublin Avenue and see only a handful of houses such as Barrett's dairy, Theodore Napier's Magdala (WRONG, BURNT DOWN IN 1927), Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St(where Harry Huntington Peck was probably busy writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and Lebanon, built by John Murray Peck in 1882 and owned (in 1990) by boxing writer,Jack Oates. As well as being lovely grassy hills,the area over which Jim and Co.rode was known as North Essendon. The same name was applied to the Strathmore Station. So in 1940, there was no semblance of the suburb that exists today but it bore a different name.
(Postscript. From Wikipedia entry for Strathmore.
Brewster subdivided and sold 100 acres (400,000 m) of land to Thomas Napier, who occupied the land and left a lasting legacy to the area the origin of its name. The area of Strathmore was originally called North Essendon. The name of "Strathmore" was first suggested by the Rev. John Sinclair in 1936 and was initially adopted by the church. The name was derived from Thomas Napier's Scottish heritage, the Valley of Strathmore, Scotland close to where he once lived. The name was submitted to Essendon Council in 1943. In 1955 the Victorian Railways changed the name of the station from North Essendon to Strathmore.)

Near the eastern end of Mascoma St,Randalls, a real estate firm, were selling blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds,while the Mills lived over the road on the south side and further west lived Mr Flood,the local policeman,and his wife near where the Strathmore North school would be built two decades later. Another...

PAGE 13.
...policeman,Mr James, and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd,Miss Roberts* owned the land between Cook's Homestead and the garage to the south.George Farmer and Strang'sGarage were near the Cross Keys. George trained trotters which were driven by his son-in-law,Jack Ironsidel, the local postie.
(*Miss Roberts was almost certainly related to the Pecks, formerly of Lebanon. John Murray Peck married Louisa Ellen Roberts, both being buried in a recently restored grave at the historic Will Will Rook cemetery alongside Sarah Swinbourne Roberts who died at Lebanon on 31-1-1916, twelve years before Louisa.)

The Tullamarine Progress Association report of 1926 on a proposal, supported by the Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires, to relocate the Newmarket saleyards to a 6 700 acre site incorporating all the land between Spence St Keilor Park/Essendon Aerodrome and Grants Rd (near Melbourne Airport)stated: "With the exception of a small area in the south east corner which has been cut up into building blocks, the land is used for hay growing and dairying. If the proposal had gone ahead,much of Strathmore Heights would not exist.

Jim McKenzie recalls travelling with his mates to Sunbury in a covered wagon to spend weekends rabbiting and catching fish at Rupertwood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy (formerly Camp Hill) was the most prominent feature near the west end of the track in 1940, and still so when Jim and Peggy McKenzie moved into their Tasman Avenue home in 1970. The narrow bridge on Bulla Rd between Strathmore Heights and Gowanbrae had stood since the Albion-Jacana line was built in 1928 and would have been used by the covered wagon circa 1940, but only its footings remain. The trestle bridge, a landmark of the area, still performs its original function.

HALF HOUSES.
When Arthur Caldwell's plan for immigration on a huge scale was adopted, there was a dual motivation. During the war, Australia had most of its armed forces in Europe or the Middle East and when Japan...

PAGE 14.
...made its thrust toward our shores, Australia's population could not furnish another force to defend itself. Luckily for us,the Japanese had blitzed Pearl Harbour forcing the U.S.A to enter the conflict. With the most forceful argument,the Prime Minister, John Curtin obtained the release of some of our troops from other theatres of war. Also, cutting the umbilical cord that had linked us to the old country,he unreservedly pleaded for American help-which came in the shape of the flamboyant General MacArthur. Although the Government was prepared to abandon the area north of the Brisbane Line, fierce resistance by the Aussie troops in New Guinea (with more help from the fuzzy wuzzy angels than the green American soldiers)and a great victory from the U.S.Navy in the Coral Sea saved our bacon. This period of peril, however,served to force a realisation that our population had to be increased dramatically.

The second motivation was humanitarian,to assist the vast number of displaced persons whose peasant farms, houses and even whole suburbs or villages had been destroyed during the war. Many of these were temporarily housed at the army camp at Broadmeadows, resulting of many schools in that vicinity in a few short years.

Jim McKenzie said that a combination of the huge demand for housing and the lack of building materials forced councils to relax their building standards. Many half-houses were built and it wasnot until the situation had eased that completion of these structures was demanded. These new residents tended to congregate in areas such as St Albans and Fawkner but Jim remembers seeing half houses in most developing suburbs.

PEACHEY-KELLY TOWN.
This was what most locals called Westbreen despite District Inspector, Davies' suggestion of the latter for State School 4158. Residents of Westbreen apart from the Peacheys and Kellys were the Toys, Marshalls,Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residentshad other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners of these vacant blocks didn't mind as it kept the grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall, which was near her house. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip and a shilling to get into the dance.

PAGE 15.
COONAN'S HILL.
This area,near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Pde was the venue for training trotters and there were market gardens, most of which were run by Chinese. Reynolds Pde and other streets nearby were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES.
Surprisingly,even in the 1950's, there were still many of these establishments. The car had not yet become dominant,even in such long-established areas such as Ascot Vale and Essendon and more so in the country area north of Woodland St/Ave.

FIRST SELF SERVICE STORE.
To Jim's knowledge, Harry Shell's self service grocery on the corner of Bell St and York St was one of the first,and possibly the first, shop of this type.

NON SWIMMERS.
When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St was opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded as superhuman beings. Raised in Port Melbourne near the beach,the McKenzie boys thought that their ability to swim was normal but the awe in which they were held made them realise that few of the local children could swim.

GOATS (NO KIDDING.)
Sorry about the pun! Goat farms were common in the area and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm occupied the area bounded by Dawson St and Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rds.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH.
The Napier Park dog track was situated on the high school site with the board track nearer the Strathmore overpass site. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these sporting venues,and tethering their mounts,would settle down on the grassy slopes to watch the greyhounds or cycling heroes such as Sid Patterson.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND.
An island in the creek within the high school site was removed when the creek was straightened and concreted to allow construction of the freeway in the 1960's. The island was flood-prone and there was concern for the safety of...

PAGE 16.
...a lady who lived on it when ever the water level started to rise,as it did so rapidly. West of this island was a goat farm.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE.
Another pun I couldn't resist. The local policeman Mr Flood, who lived near the future site of Strathmore North State School, was right onto brats who used this bridge, which was suspended on cables, as a giant swing or who rode their bikes across it. He also pounced on those who rode bikes without lights at night. The bridge, now replaced by a more rigid structure,was at Melway 16 J9,just south of Cook's Homestead on the Red Rooster site.)

TASMA THEATRE.
This theatre,in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youngsters. Because of its construction material, it was a real fire trap,especially as smoking inside was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.

(POSTSCRIPT, 2014. Colin Gibson ran the Tasma from 1941 to 1947. Victor Shuttleworth then purchased the cinema operating until July 1958. In November 1958 the Caltex Oil Company purchased the site and the building was demolished and turned into a service station. Situated at 512 Bell St,The Tasma had functioned as the Pascoe Vale Progress Hall from 1-10-1932 until 31-12-1940.
Source:Progress Hall / Tasma, Pascoe Vale - CAARP
caarp.edu.au/venue/view/497&#8206;)


EARLY STRATHMORE RESIDENTS.
Not being a Strathmore resident,I cycled to the Peck Avenue area to acquaint myself with the lie of the land and to endeavour to locate the Lebanon homestead which Jim and Peggy McKenzie believed was still standing.

With my usual luck in contacting pioneers, the first person I greeted was Wilma Hood who had lived at the corner of Peck Avenue and Melissa St since 1958. After pointing out where Lebanon was and telling me where a Dutchman had built a half-house just down Peck Avenue, she introduced me to Beth Tempany who had lived on the corner opposite her for 38 years,since 1952.

Beth is involved in scouting and told me the sad tale of how the name Lebanon had been dropped from the local pack's designation during the conflict in the country of that name; to make matters worse,the symbol of the Cobb & Co.coach, (a memorial to John Murray Peck of Lebanon, one of the three young Yankees,who with Freeman Cobb formed the company) was removed from the badge. Little did those agitating for the change realise that the name of Lebanon came from Peck's native town (situated on the Mascoma River) in New Hampshire.

Wilma and Beth have volunteered to help Strathmore High School's V.C.E. students with their research into local history.

PAGE 17.
LEBANON HOMESTEAD.
(Postscript. In 1990, I knew nothing about Essendon's historic houses,and it was the search for "Lebanon" that led me to Lenore Frost's excellent book on the subject and eventually my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUUTTA GALLA and a heritage overlay for the Boyd cottage at Rosebud.)

After leaving Beth's house, I tried in vain to locate an old house near Lind St and then proceeded to Wendora St where Beth had told me the entrance to Peck's house would be. What a magnificent house! It must have been really impressive sitting on the 34 acres that constituted the Lebanon property. Strathmore and the owner of course can be proud to possess such an historic residence.

According to Peggy McKenzie, the white units behind it in Melissa St were built by the sons-in-law of boxing journalist, Jack Oates, (the owner of Lebanon)after Jack's death; this was after Beth had moved in at the Peck Avenue corner.
(Postscript, 2014. One of my three lady informants told me that Archie Roach had lived at Lebanon for a while, but not having heard of Archie,I don't think I mentioned this in the book. I had almost given up trying to find proof of a connection with the area, (Archie's Wikipedia entry mentioning two unfortunate placements after he was taken from Mooroopna before an apparently more enjoyable stay with the Cox family, immigrants from Scotland, without any indication of where) when I found the following:
[PDF]
my kind of people - UQ eSpace - University of Queensland
espace.library.uq.edu.au/eserv/UQ:205349/DU120_A12C66_1993.pdf&#8206;
Linda Bonson dancer 118. Archie Roach singer-songwriter ...... Roach changed from being a suburban North Strathmore teenager to a young man fighting....
)

KIRK'S BAZAAR.
Located opposite the Junction of Keilor Rd with Bulla Rd where the discount grocery operates between 711, De Marco's Hotel (the Essendon Hotel from early days until at least John Coleman's tenure, and lately The Grand) and Woodlands Park,Kirk's Bazaar which had been operating since Melbourne's early days in various locations,had a large building in front where second-hand goods of every description were soldand behind this were machinery and animals. Jim McKenzie,who says that Kirks bazaar would sell you a camel if you wanted one,believes that Kirk's Bazaar moved up Keilor Rd to a site just west of Matthews Avenue in 1975.

POSTSCRIPT 2014.
From Page I-L 86 of DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.
Memoirs of a Stockman, by Harry Peck (1942.)
P.12. James Bowie Kirk arrived in Melbourne in 1839 at the age of 19 and opened Kirk's Bazaar which mainly dealt in horse sales on 1-3-1840.
P.123. John Kirk,from Kirk Caldie,Scotland,of Saltwater River, had a son,Harry,who was a salesman, and grandsons, Clyde and John (proprietor of Kirk's Bazaar Essendon where a horse sale is conducted weekly.

Mickleham Road 1920-1952 by George Lloyd.
P.6.Before we get past Essendon,I think everyone would remember Kirk's Bazaar auctions every Saturday. One could buy almost anything there, horses, chooks, furniture,odds and ends, and in later years,motor cars. In the depression years of the 1930's a T. model Ford could be bought for 10 pounds.

A newspaper cutting (no details of source but most likely from 1992 or 1993) states that Kirk's Bazaar had been trading in the area for 70 years so the site near Woodlands Park must have been used from about 1923. New spacious showrooms at 393-7 Ascot Vale Rd on May 21st. This would indicate that the Keilor Rd site,which I think is now occupied by Johnson and Rielly Mire 10,was used for about 18 years.

Harry Peck's reference to John Kirk,of Saltwater River, is explained in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA which must contain the lengthy newspaper article that I thought I would find in DHOTAMA.

If any Kirk descendants would like a copy of the article, the map showing the Kirk land in Ascot Vale West on or near the showgrounds and other details, send me a private message.

GREEN GABLES.
Located between the Moonee Ponds Creek and Park St on about 2 acres (Melway 16 J9),this two storey weatherboard mansion could have been bought for 2000 pounds during W.W.2 as land prices fell due to uncertainty about the outcome. It was used for prisoner rehabilitation after the war. Sadly it was demolished to enable construction of the Edith Bednell Retirement Village during the past year (circa 1992.)

Postscript.
Mrs. A. McCracken
The death occurred late last night at her home Green Gables, Pascoe Vale road, Pascoe Vale, of Mrs Mary Elizabeth McCracken, widow of Mr Alexander McCracken. She was aged 75 years. Mr McCracken, who died about 1915, was a former chairman of the Victoria Racing Club, a former president of the Royal Agricultural Society, and a former president of the Victorian Football League.

During her life, Mrs McCracken was closely associated with the work of the Women's Hospital and the Carlton
Refuge. She is survived by a grown-up family of two sons and three daughters.
The funeral today, at the Melbourne General Cemetery, will be private. (P.9, Argus, 29-7-1938.)
Mrs McCracken was the daughter of John Murray Peck. If I remember correctly,she was living at Wannaeue (Cook's Cottage) across the creek, in 1920.

Edith Bendall Lodge
Operator Edith Bendall Lodge
Location 11 Park St, Pascoe Vale VIC 3044

Green Gables was constructed for the McCrackens and was placed on sale soon after Mrs McCracken died. The advertisement claims that the gardens consisted of about FOUR acres, has a photo (unfortunately of poor quality) of the house and describes it thus:
An Attractive and Splendidly Constructed Two-storied, Balconied, Timber Residence Erected under a Leading Melbourne Architect's Supervision for the late owner Regardless of Expense Containing 15 Spacious Richly Panelled and Decorated Rooms, Three Bathrooms together with Servants' Quarters, and all modern
conveniences. (P.18,Argus,30-11-1938.)

LEST WE FORGET.
Many gave their lives during the war but as well as total and partial impairment,those who returned often suffered from difficulty settling back into civilian life. A great number were boys when they left and returned as hardened men to a different world. A large chunk of their lives was missing. Some,such as Jim McKenzie, found their way into the fire brigade,where the same mateship and united action against a common foe could continue. Jobs were held open for those who had left them to enlist,but most could not fit back into the same slot. Land prices were fixed to stop land sharks exploiting returned servicemen,but as soon as restrictions were lifted,prices skyrocketed.

COOK'S HOMESTEAD.(WANGANUI ACCORDING TO SAM MERRIFIELD'S HOUSE NAME INDEX, ACTUALLY "WANNAEUE".)
POSTSCRIPT.
BLAIRPECK.On the 12th inst., at St. John's Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Alexander Stewart, M.A., William Allison, elder son of W. A. Blair, of Netherlea, Essendon, to Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J. M. Peck, of Lebanon, Pascoevale. (P.1, Argus, 26-4-1888.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 6 February 1889 p 1 Family Notices
... a son. BLAIR. -On the 28th ult., at Wannaeue, Pascoevale, the wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son.

GIBSON--BLAIR.-On the 10th ult, at Wannaeue, Pascoe Vale, by the Rev. Alex. Stewart, Richard Gibson of Kerarbury, New South Wales, to Mabel, second daughter of William Allison Blair, of Maidstone.
( Wednesday 8 May 1895 p 1 Family Notices.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 6 July 1928 p 1 Family Notices
PECK.--On the 5th July, at her residence, Wannaeue, Pascovale, Louisa Ellen, relict of the late J. M. Peck, aged 85 .

SATURDAY, AUGUST l8.
At Three O'clock. On the Property,
SALE OF VALUABLE BRICK VILLA, WANNAEUE, AT PASCOEVALE.
WITH SPLENDID BLOCK OF LAND. IN THE ESTATE OF THE LATE Mr. J. M. PECK.
Wannaeue is an Attractive Brick Villa of Substantial Construction, Occupying a Nice Position on the Main road, in the Most Progressive Part of Pascoevale, and Within Cooee (220 Yards) of the Pascoevale Railway Station, which Enjoys a Good Electric Train Service.The Rooms Are Lofty, Under Slate roof, and Comprise Spacious Dining and Breakfast rooms, Five Bedrooms, Kitchen, Laundry, Bath, Pantry, Cupboards, and Cellar; Also Garage, Man's
Room, Feedhouse, Hot-water Service Installed, Electric Light, Telephone, and Sewerage System, and Surrounded by Nice Flower and vegetable Gardens, and Fine Old Ornamental Trees.
The Land Has a Grand Frontage of About 360ft to the Main Pascoevale Road, by Irregular Depth,Culminating In a Picturesque and Fertile Frontage to the Moonee Ponds Creek. Altogether Wannaeue Represents a Commodious Home with Wholesome and Refined Surroundings, and Being for Genuine Sale tor the Purpose of Finalising Trust Matters,
Arrangements Could be Made If a Buyer so wished to run a Cow in Paddocks Adjacent A.E.GIBSON & CO.,
Auctioneer, 150 Queen Street, Melbourne (Te). Cent S514); and at Glenroy, etc.(P.2, Argus, 4-8-1928.)

The auctioneer was probably related to Richard Gibson who was married at Wannaeue in 1889. Perhaps Peck built the house as a wedding present for his daughter, Minnie Waters Peck.

A City of Moonee Valley planning amendment gives the address* of the site of "Wannaeue"; it wasn't really a homestead and a heritage study seems to have assumed that John Murray Peck lived in "Wannaeue" rather than "Lebanon" which was the homestead of his Strathmore land.
*Wannaeue Homestead (site), 504 Pascoe Vale Road, Strathmore
**[PDF]
50 Creek.95 In 1839 James Patrick Main, who was ...
www.mvcc.vic.gov.au/.../MVCC%20TEH%20FINAL%202012%20%20...&#8206;
Centre at the junction of Pascoe Vale and Mt Alexander Roads, Moonee ... area, living first at Mascoma in Ascot Vale,120 then Wannaeue in Pascoe Vale Road,


NOW BACK TO WHAT I WROTE ABOUT WANNAEUE IN 1990 ABOUT 15 MONTHS AFTER I STARTED RESEARCHING THE HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND A MONTH AFTER I HAD EXTENDED MY INTEREST TO STRATHMORE.

COOK'S HOMESTEAD.
According to the present owner of the "Lebanon" house,this homestead (sic) was built by J.M.Peck. In the last decade(1980's)this house,which became the residence of Broadmeadows Shire Secretary, Albert Cook, was demolished without a permit. The culprits started their dirty work on a Sunday and caused a storm of protest.But it was too late; the damage was done.

Albert Cook who was shire secretary from 1908 to 1949 (BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) lived in the old shire hall near the bridge at Westmeadows but when a new shire hall was built on Pascoe Vale Rd in 1928 (the year that Wannaeue was advertised for sale!)the old hall was probably put up for sale and Albert needed a new place to live. The site of Wannaeue is now occupied by Red Rooster.

SHAW LOGAN.
The chief auctioneer at Newmarket Saleyards,who used rhymes in the newspapers to advertised what was selling, Shaw Logan operated a dairy on the block bounded by Glenroy Rd, Widford St, Melbourne Avenue and probably, Glenroy Tech.(as Jim McKenzie recalls.)

PAGE 19.
Shaw Logan lived in the house built during the land boom of the late 1880's and named "Ashleigh" by Albert Wiseman of the Glenroy Land Co. Now demolished,it was a twin of Wiseman House or Sawbridgeworth, built by Albert's brother,Arthur, which is shown on page 96 of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. Logan St (Melway 16 J2) recalls Shaw Logan who bought a new Ford every year but must have been an early vintage car lover because he most enjoyed driving his T model Ford.

Postscript. At the time Jim told me about Shaw's rhymes, I believed him but I'd never touched a computer. It's fun proving what my informants told me!

Calves.-Stupendous. We sold 84
A wonderful market and lots to do,
Our team the best, we see it thru.
Everything extremely high.
Every class was hard to buy ;
Vealers took a rapid rise,
Values up into the skies.
Work and work only achieves what we want;
Energy builds energy right from the font.
Love creates love, the best thing of all
Trees among trees grow graceful and tall.
(Alexandra Standard and Yarck, Gobur, Thornton, Taggerty and Acheron Express (Vic. : 1949 - 1954) Friday 10 August 1951 p 4 Article)

During W.W.1,both Wiseman mansions were used as military hospitals. By the end of the war,Ashleigh had been renamed as Montrose.
PROPERTY SALES.
Messrs A.E.Gibson and Co. report having sold the Mansion, Montrose, together with 20 acres surrounding it, corner of Widford street and Glenroy road, Glenroy, to Mr. T. Shaw Logan. (P.9, Argus,20-12-1921.)

Gippsland Times (Vic. : 1861 - 1954) Monday 23 February 1942 p 2 Article Illustrated
... of Mr and Mrs. C. R. Baldock, Mornington, to Sgt. Gordon Derrick Logan, only son of Mr. and Mrs. T. Shaw Logan, Sunnylands, Glenroy.

Shaw seems to have renamed his farm as Sunnylands rather than the Argus version of Sunnyside in its report of the engagement two days earlier.


DODD LANE.
George Lloyd states in MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952,
referring to Bulla Rd in Essendon,"A very old identity in those days was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry." Jim McKenzie recalls Dodd being a real character and the youth fromfar and wide ,when they rode over Strathmore's open grassy hillscape would have as their destination Dodd's place in Dublin Avenue. Can you just imagine a group of youngsters hanging on every word of this old character's anecdotes about the old days.

Until quite recently horses had right of way over cars on the roads and no doubt Dodd insisted on taking this right as his most remembered saying was: "Horses came before cars and anyway cars are only spare parts for horses and carts."

WITH WHAT SHALL I BUILD IT?
Jim says that the lack of building materials caused the building of half-houses and the use of fibro-cement sheeting with corrugated cement roofs. Whelan the wrecker of Brunswick doors and other items salvaged from old houses that he demolished. The original garage,replaced by a newer structure,between the bridge and Woodland Avenue was built by Fred Chisholm and his mechanic, Mr O'Shea, using limestone that they carted from South Australia.

Wilma Hood and Beth Tempany say that it was not only a lack of building materials. In 1952,house blocks cost 150 pounds (which because of inflation seems a pittance)but this was a fortune to the eager home-makers of the 1950's. They had so little cash to spare that few could afford fences and most houses had curtains on only a few windows with the rest rendered opaque using Bon Ami,a scouring powder.

PAGE 20.
FRANK CURRY TAKES HIS CUE.
Sorry,another pun! Frank Curry,a pilot in W.W.1, and son-in-law of Ma Dalley,seeing that the youth of Pascoe Vale needed a form of recreation, converted two old shops in Cumberland Rd into a billiard room. That he was providing a service to the youth and not just out to make a quid is illustrated by the following. Every night his wife would provide a supper and if somebody wanted a game but was short of cash, a free game was allowed for a few minutes of help in cleaning the place.

EARLY MELBOURNE HISTORY.
Ma Dalley* had a well-known machinery and scrap metal place on the site of the Old Melbourne Inn in Flemington Rd. Over the road where the Dental Hospital now stands was the haymarket. A weighbridge from the haymarket later did service near the Essendon roundabout and then on Tommy Loft's "Dalkeith" near the site of the Tullamarine Primary School library.

* Postscript 2014.
See:Biography - Marie (Ma) Dalley - Australian Dictionary of ...
adb.anu.edu.au/biography/dalley-marie-ma-9893&#8206;


CABLE TRAMS.
(It is presumed that Jim McKenzie's games of cable chase took place near the Port Melbourne end of the line but to know the origin of the power for the cable,he and mates must have taken a free ride all the way to Fitzroy.)

A cable station, near the corner of Gertrude and Nicholson Sts, Fitzroy, moved the cable for the Port Melbourne line. Youngsters, and others,would have afree ride in the "dummy' in which the gripman would operate the lever to grip or release the cable. Passengers rode in a carriage towed by the dummy. As well as taking free rides,youngsters amused themselves by playing "cable chase". A tin,with a greased wire or string to grip the cable,would rattle and bang along the cable slot with a group of delighted brats in pursuit.

PICKING UP MILK.
Would not submit. Posted in comments at about 1 p.m. 2-5-2014.

PAGE 21.
HAPPY VALLEY AND CHICKEN FARM LANE.
Wouldn't submit here. Posted in comments about 1:12 p.m.on 2-5-2014 (1-5-2014 in Scott's U.S.A.)

COME ON SPINNER; RIDE 'EM COWBOY!
The first of these calls was often heard at Happy Valley and Chicken Farm Lane. The local boys often conducted amateur rodeos at Happy Valley using any cattle that were at hand.

Games of two-up were illegal, of course, and a lookout or cockatoo was usually posted at a good vantage point to give early warning of police raids. One day while the Chicken Farm Lane "school" was in progress,the cockatoo fell asleep in his tree and the raid caused an evacuation rather faster than the one at Dunkirk a few years earlier.

One escapee sighted a builder concreting on a house site surrounded by acres of open paddock. As the two-up games were social occasions, the fugitive was dressed in a splendid suit. Hastily ripping off his coat and shirt, and promising he'd work for nothing for the rest of the day if his impromptu boss would help him to evade capture,he started shoveling ingredients into the mixer. The flabbergasted builder,a migrant with little command of English, caught the drift of his plea and when the police arrived , he assured them,"He work for me." Without proof,the police could do nothing about their suspicions. "A bit flash for a labourer,aren't you!" was their parting jibe.

(I suspect that Jim was the dandy unless the tale had such currency that he was able to absorb detail and dialogue that would have been known only to the dandy and the builder.)

PHAR LAP'S JOCKEY.
Jim McKenzie recalls other boys pointing out Jim Pike's place as they rode through the area now known as Hadfield,west of the cemetery, in about 1940. Pike was the well-known jockey who usually rode Phar Lap,making a team that,with Don Bradman,took the minds of Australians off the gloom of the depression.

Postscript 2014. My attempt to prove the veracity of Pike living in the area was less successful than it was regarding Shaw Logan. D.Pike who applied to Broadmeadows Shire to have ash put on a path, G.Pike who was Mayor of Preston and another Pike living in Ngarveno St,Moonee Ponds might have had family connections. Pike had married Jane Isabella Liddell,a Victorian girl, but seemed to be living north of the Murray until about 1931 and again by the end of the 1930's. This story probably pertains to the period shortly after Jim McKenzie's arrival at Pascoe Vale, if Jim Pike (who retired in 1936) was still living there. Perhaps the other boys were referring to the jockey's former abode in about 1940; if he was still there, surely the boys would have approached the property, in the hope of meeting a famous horseman, rather than just riding past!

Why would Pike live at COW DUNG FLATS? Perhaps because of the depression he was able to buy or lease land cheaply and close by was the railway line. My guess is that he tried his hand at training horses for a year or two at about the time of his retirement before moving to Randwick to continue his new career.


RAIL MOTOR HOUSE CALLS.
Drivers of the various forms of public transport seem to delight in taking off as an exhausted,slightly late and clearly visible passenger comes, gasping, within metres of getting a ride. This is a symptom of our generally impersonal way of life,so different from that known by those living before W.W.2 when there was no need to lock doors and those down on their luck would be supported by kind neighbours. ....

PAGE 22.
As pointed out earlier,the area north of Woodland St was country until the mid 1950's and the people there,such as Beth Tempany, lived their lives with the friendliness and hospitality of country folk.

The bus driver who had taken the youngsters of Tullamarine,such as Eileen Reddan and Winnie Lewis (nee Parr) to the city would not commence his journey until all those who had visited the big smoke were aboard.

A rail motor ran from Fawkner Cemetery to Somerton and passengers had gates in their back fences to provide easy access. Probably quite against regulations the train drivers would stop outside the gates of the regulars to drop them off.

The cable tram drivers would knock on the door of a regular who was not waiting, just to check if he was all right.

With people having such a caring attitude,it is no wonder that Jim McKenzie stated, "it was a hard life but a happy one!"

A HARD BUT HAPPY LIFE.
The depression certainly caused hardship but by no means did people have an easy life before this catastrophe struck. Women today complain about housework,but:
placing clothes in the machine, dialing the correct wash cycle and pressing GO seems like heaven compared with the scalds and stifling heat inflicted by coppers, and the scrubbing board,lifting sodden clothes out of the copper and the wrangler (if you were lucky enough to have one)no longer make arms ache on washing day;

steam and dry irons are a far cry from irons which: had to be heated by an open fire or on a slow-combustion stove and left soot on clothes; were filled with hot coals and very heavy; and were filled with petrol and often exploded;

cooking no longer involves lighting fires, estimating temperatures, discovering you've just run out of matches or dry kindling, kitchens as hot as Hades in summer, food kept cool,not cold,in Coolgardie safes or an ice chest and often going off,bringing in the billy before the delivered milk went off, boiling the milk because you didn't trust Pasteurisation or you wanted to skim the cream off the top, mixing,beating.....

PAGE 23.
....or shredding by hand until your arms ached,making your own pastry by hand and baking your own bread,the kettle boiling dry and the toast burning when you were distracted for a moment.

And how would the children, who today insist on designer jeans and Reeboks, cope with going to school in bare feet, hand-me-downs and patched,threadbare or half-mast trousers?

Yes times were hard but people cared! A neighbour who had a bag of spuds would offer you a few, and if he'd had a good time rabbiting,one would be on your table that night. Sick or elderly people would have a constant stream of visitors who provided companionship and "a little something to cheer you up."

In those days,your letter box did not fill with junk mail and those horrible little letters with windows (bills!) Almost every item was a personal letter from a dear friend or relative parted physically by distance but not in spirit. Of course few people had telephones and the arrival of a telegram suggested such horrible possibilities that many people could not bear to open them.

THE DEPRESSION.
In Germany,inflation was rampant and a man could arrive home with his weekly wage only to find that it would not buy one loaf of bread.No wonder the Germans elected Hitler who promised a life free of hunger and deprivation.In view of the hard life described above,one might almost think that things could not get much worse, but they did, even if not as extreme as in Germany where punishment for W.W.1 compounded the inflation problem.

Imagine yourself with no blankets,no food in the Coolgardie safe or ice chest and pantry, the rent due tomorrow and you with not a penny to your name,dad humping his bluey from farm to farm asking,"Got a job,Missus?" or away for months on end building the Great Ocean Road* to earn the dole,the power cut off because of unpaid bills-and you're starting to get the picture.

(*Postscript 2014.Some of the unemployed in the area were fortunate to find work for the dole without having to leave their families. One of these was Herbert Garibaldi (Garrie) Carozzi of Coburg. The Coburg Lake had been one of many quarries on the banks of the very rocky (Merri merri) creek.

Then in the late 1920s, he took on an apprenticeship as a boot maker. It was a good trade, and he enjoyed the work, but the Great Depression, beginning in the late 20s put an end to his apprenticeship.

He was on susso for most of the next six years. He was involved in various work-for -the-dole schemes, one of which extracting bluestone clinkers from the basalt deposits around what became the Coburg Lake. Garrie was no longer a young man. He had no job and few prospects; like most working class men, he lacked skills and unskilled labourers are inevitably the most at risk in times of depression.
(DAY 7 Friday, June 14, 2012 My Father A Brief Biography ...
inthismy70thyear.wordpress.com/2012/06/16/.../comment-page-1/)


It was not unusual for Jim McKenzie to arrive home from school to an empty (and I mean EMPTY) house. Because of cheaper rent or less-cramped accommodation, his family had moved to to a house a few blocks away (in Port Melbourne)carrying every stick of furniture by hand.

(2014 postscript. In gathering information from my late mother-in-law to write an ode to her on her 80th birthday, I found confirmation of Jim's story about Port Melbourne's game of "Musical Houses". Her parents made many similar moves in that suburb when the rent was due before her father found employment at the Castlemaine Woollen Mill.)

Ginger beer (made from a plant grown in the back yard), raspberry vinegar and ice chips from the ice-man were real treats for children in those gloomy times.

PAGE 24.
PENTRIDGE PRISON FARM.
Now the Coburg Teachers' College or Phillips Institute, across Murray Rd. from the prison,the farm and its two-storey weatherboard building were destroyed by fire in the 1950's, according to retired fireman,Jim McKenzie.
(*Postscript 2014.
22 Jul 1952 - Police at alert while Pentridge fire raged - Trove
trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/23182977)



EXTRACT FROM NEWLANDS HIGH SCHOOL HISTORY IN VISION AND REALISATION, ED. DEPT.1972.
The school was established at S.S. 483 Bell St, 1958-9 and moved to the northern portion of the Pentridge Gaol Farm with the rest of the 39 acres being allocated to the proposed Coburg Teachers' College. The new (high)school building's official opening was on 5-5-1961.

SHOPS NEAR PASCOE VALE STATION and TRY THIS HILL MULGA BILL!
Would not submit. See comment of 2014-05-09 23:53:17.

PAGE 25.


CONTINUE

Surnames: KIRKSBAZAAR
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by itellya Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2014-03-07 20:46:45

Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.

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Comments

by itellya on 2014-03-11 07:56:33

There are maps on pages 1B and 1C which are referred to on 1A. Both involve the transposition of information from parish maps onto Melway maps. In the first,it is shown how four parishes meet near Strathmore and in the second how sections 23, 16 and 15 were split up,possibly not long before or after 1890 at the height of the boom or after the bust. The second map is clearly wrong because the parish map shows John Hall as the owner of part of section 23 while his 100 acre "Southwaite" consisted only of 22B and D, (his grant and Parnell's) which are shown at top left in the attachment.Also Stevenson (300 acre) and Hodgson (225 acres) clearly had to own all of section 23's 525 acres. The map is of value however because the land shown as belonging to John Kernan in section 15 could well be correct. Boundaries shown on the 1B and 1C maps (except for the false boundaries in section 23) will have to be described verbally.

THE ATTACHMENT.
As I can have only one image, I have chosen a close up of sections 16, 23 and 15, parish of Doutta Galla, on which Strathmore is located. At the bottom of the attachment is Essendon Crossroads with Bulla Rd as a three chain road (major) road to the northern boundary of section 16 and a normal one chain road leading north west to the Doutta Galla/Tullamarine parish boundary (an eastern extension of the line* of Sharps Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek.)
*The original end of Sharps Rd, cut off by the Ring Rd, has been renamed Caterpillar Drive.
From Bulla Rd at Essendon Crossroads (a favoured meeting place often mentioned in Oaklands Hunt reports), Woodland St heads east to Firebrace street (Pascoe Vale Rd), Lincoln Rd heads north (Carnarvon Rd and Arvon St)and south and Mt Alexander road (Keilor Rd) heads west nor' west.

by itellya on 2014-03-23 23:08:29

"MOUNT SABINE" PASCOE VALE.
When I wrote KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS in 1990,I had no desire or means to establish the location of Mount Sabine. My summary for Pascoe Vale Girls' School did not supply the information that I expected to find, about the Pascoe Vale Girls' School occupying the homestead of the Mt.Sabine property. Even though I read this information 23 years ago and obviously did not record it, my recall of it is as clear as crystal and the only thing in doubt is the source. It may have been in Richard Broome's excellent BETWEEN TWO CREEKS (history of the City of Coburg) rather than VISION AND REALISATION.

This remembered but unrecorded information includes the desire to call the girls' school Mt Sabine being stymied by anticipated confusion with Mt Sabine in (I think) the Western District, which I now find from trove is near Colac.

Alarm bells rang when I saw the claim that the Westbreen State School was built on 3 acres of the Mt Sabine Estate. The Girls' School was south of Pascoe St/Boundary Road, the boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook (north) and Jika Jika (south.) Therefore the Mt Sabine farm and homestead had to be in Jika Jika. As pointed out in my Westbreen S.S. entry,Frank Geach could have bought one or more blocks on John Pascoe Fawkner's early subdivision (perhaps formerly owned by Stephen Peachey who moved to Tullamarine in about 1920 when swine fever struck Peachey-Kelly Town and ran a dairy on 6.5 acres now occupied by Boyse Crt.)This 3 acres may have been described as PART OF THE ESTATE OF THE LATE FRANK GEACH, LATE OF MT SABINE, shortened by someone not used to the legal and sales notices (so easily available on trove today) to "part of the Mt Sabine Estate."

Just as many men of means went to the wall in the 1890's depression, many Coburg ratepayers, many of them business owners and investors, were unable to pay their rates during the 1930's depression and in July 1938, the City of Coburg had advertised 65 lots for sale to recover the unpaid rates. They all seem to be in the parish of Jika Jika, which would indicate that Boundary Rd was still the boundary between the Shire of Broadmeadows and the City of Coburg. The following lots were owned by Frank Herbert Geach, solicitor,deceased of Pascoe Vale/ Glenroy/Mt Sabine or the executors of his estate, and in the parish of Jika Jika.
Patrick Callaghan (perhaps son of Patrick Callaghan who bought much of Safety Beach, near Dromana in 1907)and a grazier, Robert James Reynolds (some connection with Reynolds Pde?)were some of the others with multiple blocks.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 July 1938 p 23 Advertising.
LOT LOCATION
43 Frontages to Kent Rd (540 ft) and Northumberland Rd (163 ft.)
44 Frontage of (806 ft?) to Kent Rd.
51 Cornwall Rd frontage of 62 ft but 299 ft deep.
52 Alpine Grove frontage of almost 462 ft.(140 metres**)
53 Cornwall Rd frontage of 273 ft.
54 Cornwall Rd frontage of 455 ft.
55 Cornwall Rd frontage of 592 ft.
56? Cornwall Rd frontage of 355 ft.
57? Cornwall Rd frontage of 144 ft.
58 Cornwall Rd frontage of 200 ft.
59 Cornwall Rd frontage of 254 ft.
60 Pascoe St* frontage of 126 ft,PART CROWN PORTION 150, JIKA JIKA.
61 Pascoe St frontage of 63 ft, DITTO.
62 DITTO.
63 Frontage to Northumberland Rd of 149 ft.

The allotment numbers followed by a question mark were owned by the executor company acting for the Geach estate and may have been transferred to the company to pay administration fees because of the obvious shortage of ready cash.

*Pascoe Street is the western 13.5 chains (270 metres)of the 80 chain boundary between John Pascoe Fawkner's BOX FOREST in the parish of Will Will Rook and Thomas Walker's grant,crown allotment 150 Jika Jika between Northumberland Rd (adjoining Fawkner's personal grant,Belle Vue, and later John Kernan's Merai Farm which Fawkner had sold to H.G.Ashurst in the first depression of the early 1840's)and Sussex Rd.

As Geach owned land across the road (Pascoe St) from the 3 acre Westbreen State School site, it is extremely likely that he would have snapped up any blocks north of Pascoe St that became available,probably when the swine fever struck there.

It is highly likely that Mt Sabine may have originally occupied a large part of crown allotment with the names of Alpine Grove and Zenith St giving a clue to the choice of the farm's name. It is unlikely that Thomas Walker coined the name because his other grant, La Rose,just to the south, had a succession of owners,including Dr Farquhar McCrae,until the Robertson's (Coiler and son, James) became the owners and added to the core of today's historic WENTWORTH HOUSE. (BETWEEN TWO CREEKS. R.Broome.)

** To convert the Alpine Grove frontage to metres, I divided the number of feet (462) by three, getting 154 yards, divided that by 22 to obtain the number of chains (7) and then multiplied that by 20 to get the number of metres.

I could have also multiplied the number of yards by 36 and divided by 39 (the number of inches in a yard, roughly.) Result 142.153846 metres OR
multiplied 462 feet by 12 to get inches and then x 36 divided by 39. Result 142.153846 metres.

by itellya on 2014-03-24 00:00:57

MT SABINE (continued.)
The third last paragraph should read "crown allotment 150.

The Mt Sabine homestead is still standing.
Victorian Heritage Database place details - 9/3/2014
vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/reports/report_place/56767&#8206;
Victorian Heritage Database place details - 9/3/2014. Mt Sabine (former). Location: 25 Lake Avenue Pascoe Vale, MORELAND CITY. Heritage Overlay Number: ...

by itellya on 2014-03-24 02:14:34

FOOTY IN THE KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS AREA.
Although I never barracked for Geelong, except in the 1989 grand final (because my mate was a Hawthorn fan), one of my favourite footballers was Micky Mansfield. He was interviewed in the JEZZA segment on SEN 1116 today.He has something probably bigger than any footballer who ever lived, A FAMILY HISTORY. His family pioneered Tullamarine in the early 1850's, as told in Neil Mansfield's huge THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.

When the interview finished, I wondered if Kenny Mansfield who played for Essendon and in the V.F.A. while I umpired in the latter (providing one of the funniest incidents I've ever seen in sport)was related to Mickey. I didn't find the answer but I did find some information that was not available in 1990 when I wrote KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS.

[PDF]
Yearbook 2005 - Essendon District Football League

A large part of the yearbook deals with the history of the clubs still competing in the league in 2005 as well as listing every club that ever competed. I bet you've never heard of BOPS but I umpired them when former Cat and now Bomber,Paul Chapman was simultaneously playing for them as a 16 year old and umpiring in the Oak Park Social League. It was probably the latter experience that gave him the idea to win frees for "around the neck",not by ducking his head like Adrian Gallagher of Carlton, but by bending his knees to lower his erect upper body.

Unfortunately I could not copy and paste the club histories but they are worth looking at. Like the school histories they give an idea of the growth of suburbia and community; it was only when residents started to band together, usually following the formation of a progress association, that any notice would be taken of a request for a school or sufficient organisation existed to launch sporting groups.

Some of the clubs in the area covered by my book are Strathmore, Oak Park, Glenroy, Jacana, Hadfield, North Coburg Saints and Pascoe Vale. They appear in alphabetical order in the yearbook. I umpired Strathmore when they played at Cross Keys, and one day at Pascoe Vale I couldn't get out of the umpire's room after half time because the shed had locked itself and nobody could locate the key. Hadfield originally played at Reddish Reserve,named after a Box Forest pioneer. Some of the clubs,such as BOPS, originally played in the Northern Metropolitan Football League.

by itellya on 2014-03-24 19:59:17

Pardon my fascination with footy as an indicator of population growth and social cohesion. Footy,like Phar Lap,provided enjoyment in the gloomy times of depressions and it is amazing how many footy clubs were formed during the 1890's depression. Bulla, Broadmeadows (Westmeadows) and Tullamarine combined to form a club due to lack of numbers in each place while most small towns could scratch up the numbers to have their own cricket club.

Most footy clubs' websites mention their players who have graduated to the top level of football but not the fantastic community workers who enabled the clubs to commence and continue.

I could list some of the players that I identify with each club, such as Jeff (Boof) Osborne and the Westcombe brothers at Glenroy, Gary (Gentleman) Thomas at Airport West, Hayden Bent and Brendan Smith at West Coburg etc. (Incidentally,I forgot to mention West Coburg as one of the E.D.F.L. clubs in Jim McKenzie's oral history area.) However, apart from Les Pridham at Strathmore, I remember (by name)very few of the wonderful people who acted as coaches,team managers, jumper washers, kiosk helpers, fund-raisers and so on.

The North Coburg Saints website does mention some of these great workers and also those of clubs that no longer exist such as Moomba Park,a powerhouse in the Northern Metropolitan Junior Football League.

Life Members

Northern Saints Football Club "Saints"

2012 David Rees

2011 Steve Sankovic

2010 Paul Bruno

Peter "Frosty" Smith



North Coburg Saints Football Club "BOPS"

W. Doherty
J. Cannon
A. Smith
R. Dowling
P. Stevens
P.Bibo
G. Edwards
A. Turner
G. Nugent
J. Napoli
R. ODonnell
G. English
M. Whittle
P. Lohner
P. McLaughlin
A. Davis
V. Barravecchio
I. Maher
L. Wilson
Mrs. R. Crooks
J. Crooks
C. Peasnell
Mrs. M. ODonnell
P. Zmak
B. Crooks
D. Kennedy
C. Peloso
A. Knight
Fawkner Park Football Club "Parkers"

MICK CARUSO
MICK BARRETT
LES COHEN
VICKI JESSUP
NAZ GUALANO
MRS. C. DeAMYAND
Fawkner Amatuers Football Club "Fawks"

D. GROVES
P. BEST
P. NANSCAWEN
S. CIAVOLA
A. HENDERSON
P. HIGGINS
R. McMAHON
F. McMAHON
M. STAPLETON
K. HOARE
R. HOARE
K. BUSST
G. BUSST
K. BUSST (SNR)
M. TYMMS
S. MAJERCZAK
W. HOARE
P. KERSLAKE
D. CROPLEY

Moomba Park Football Club "Cats"

E. PHILLIPS
C. ELLIS
M. DOBBIN
A. EVANS
D. JOSEPH
A. McMILLAN
MRS. A. ELLIS
MRS. W. BRIDGMAN
MRS. P. STOCKDALE
J. BRIDGMAN
R. STOCKDALE
K. BURT
B.SCHREIBER

by itellya on 2014-04-05 09:04:19

One thing that I never explained in the book was the reason for the title. Kilts was a reference to Theodore Napier, and thus the Strathmore area. On page 24 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon stated,"Theodore was fond of saying that his father had received the (Strathmore)land from the Crown*, which was not true, since he paid E.J.Brewster 320 pounds for it."..... "Still, one can allow Theodore Napier some licence in his stories, for he was an original eccentric, trumpeting his Scottish traditions with a flourish. He always stepped out sporting full highland dress,kilt and all; he wore an enormous grey beard, worthy of a clan chieftain,and each year at Magdala commemorated the Battle of Bannockburn, complete with fireworks and bonfires."

I realised that I had never explained my choice of title when I was about to transcribe the piece about Cow Dung Flats on page 10. Cow Dung Flats referred to the area north of Kent Rd, Pascoe Vale, so the combination of Theodore's attire and the youngsters' term for the Hadfield area provided a title that encompassed the district whose history I was writing. Both parts of the title had burned their way into my brain, the source for "Kilts" being completely forgotten; luckily the Broadmeadows Historical Society had presented me with a copy of Andrew's book, my hunch about the source was correct and I could acknowledge Andrew's contribution to the title.

(*It is possible that Theodore was actually referring to Thomas Napier's grant which later became Henry Stephenson's "Niddrie" west of Treadwell St/Nomad Rd.)

I believe there is mention of "Magdala" being burnt down in 1927 within the book but in 1990, I had not even considered how strange it was that this place name from India was chosen by Theodore, (the Melbourne-born Australian native obsessed with his Scottish heritage), to name his property. Like many pioneers with aristocratic relationships, no matter how distant,Theodore was doing a bit of name-dropping. His own given name was also associated with Lord Napier.

NAPIER OF MAGDALA.
The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 18 February 1928 p 12 Article
... NAPIER OF MAGDALA. Field-Marshal Lord Napier of Magdala, a life of whom has been written by Lieuti-Col. the Hon. H D Napier, his son, had a brilliant career In the array, and It Is rather curious ... Magdala, Theodore's fortified capital, was 400 miles from the coast. The route to it lay through ... 914 words

by itellya on 2014-04-05 09:13:04

Thomas Napier's grant,17B, Doutta Galla,is partly seen at the left hand side of the attached map.

by itellya on 2014-04-05 09:44:52

A BIG OOPS!
MAGDALA was apparently in ETHIOPIA not INDIA,as I discovered when I posted part of my EARLY LANDOWNERS; PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA regarding the Strathmore area as a comment (2014-04-05 09:31:01) under my SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS journal.

by itellya on 2014-04-11 09:07:14

For some reason,the text in the journal cannot be seen at the moment, only the attachment and comments being visible. Scott has been notified of this and hopefully it can be rectified. When I click on owner's edit,I can access the journal and I am continuing my transcription.

Until the journal reappears,I will paste the journal (as to now) and further additions in comment boxes.

by itellya on 2014-04-11 09:15:08

JUST HAD A HEART ATTACK!
When I clicked owner's edit, the journal box appeared but it was empty! I closed the page and luckily the journal text appeared on my next try. Here's the journal so far.

Much of my history cannot be reproduced as journals, because without the many maps etc., a lot of the text is meaningless. A copy of the handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS would have been provided to at least one library but may be difficult to locate, and as it consists chiefly of yarns,it will lose little as a journal.

INDEX.
aborigines 8, 41; accidents 24; "Ailsa" 41; airports 1A,13; "Aldersyde" 55; Anderson J. 3; architects 40; "Ardmillan" 40,41; Ashurst H.G. 30, 44; "Ashleigh" 19,52;Attwood J. 43.

Balsh 5; Barber G.P. and Eleanor 1C, 3, 33, 35; Barber Irene and Dr.N.C. 4, 33; Barrett's dairy 12, ?; Batman John. 19;"Bayview Farm" 50,51,52; Belle Vue 2,3,7,30-1,38,49,55; Belle Vue Heights Estate 4;Boundary Hotel 5; Bourke H. 4; Bowring J.3,55,56; Box Forest 5, 49, 55: Bradshaw 5; Breen Miss 6; Brewster E.J. 1B,1c,32,33, 37,39,44; brick kilns 35,48; Brickmakers' Arms Hotel 48; Brisbane J. 3,44; Brisbane Line 14; Broadmeadows Shire- 2,6,43,48; Broadmeadows Township 18,51; Brooks, Sir Dallas 9; Bryant R. 56; Buckley Capt. 41; Buckley Wm. 28;
building materials 10,19; Bulla Rd 1,2,3; Bulla Shire 43; Burkitt F.A. 55; Burns J. 30,44; Butler E.30; Buzzard-34, 37; Byron Vale Estate 4,38,39,47,52.

cable trams 10,22; Caldwell,Arthur 11,13; Callaghan 2,44; Cameron 6,7,8,51,54; Campbell 7; "Camp Hill" 13; Carnarvon Rd 1B,2,3,4,46; Carr H. 3; cars 10,11,19,26; Cavenagh 5; Chalmers W. 5; Chance R.2; Chapman J.55;
Chicken Farm Lane 19,21; Chinese 15,29; Chisholm F.. 19; Clarke W.J.T.(Big) 33; Cobb & Co. 16, 37; Cobb,Eliza-(see Fawkner); Coburg 6,8,9,10,11,26;Cochrane 50,52,54; Cockerell 14;Coghill D. 43,50; Collins,David 28;Connor,Gordon 1A,42; Cook,Albert 10,13,16,18;Cooke, Bernard James 2,3; Coonan's Hill 1015;cows 9,10,11; Craven A.W. 39; Cross Keys 13;Crotty 20; "Cumberland" 42-3,50;Currie 1C, Curry,Frank 10,20; Curtin John 14; cycling track 9,15.

"Dalkeith" 20;Dalton Miss 54; Davies (District Inspector) 6,14;Davies family 55;Deakin,Alfred 42; Deep Creek Road 3; Delaney M. 3; depressions 10,23,47; Doutta Galla parish 1A,1C,2,13; "Dundonald" 43,50,51; Dunn, Thomas 34.

Earle 40; Earlsbrae 2,41; education 5-9; English Joseph and John 3,4,30,49,55-6;Essendon Aerodrome 1A,13; Essendon(borough etc)2,37,40,48,52; Essendon Football Club 4,24,37,41,42; Essendon Hill Estate 4; Essendon schools 8,9.

Farmer G.13; farming types 11,14,47,52; Fawkner (suburb)5,7,9; Fawkner J.P.,John,Eliza 1A,2,5,6,8,28-31,40,55,56; Fenby 24;Ferris C. 3,49; Five Mile Creek 5; Fleet Electrics 10,11; Fletcher W.38; footy 4,26,37, 41-3; Foster J.F.L. 48; Fox M.3.

Gaffney St. 6,10,24; games 10,19,25; Gellibrand Hill Park (now Woodlands Historic Park) 43,46; Gibb A. 8,48,50; Gibson A.E. 55; Gibson G. 4; Glassen 24; Glendura (sic,Glendewar)43; Glenroy (suburb, farm)6-9, 50-53; goats- 9,10,15,16; "Gowanbrae" 13; "Gowrie Park" 7,8,41,48; Goyder F. 5,56; "Green Gables" 10,17,18,44; greyhounds 9; Grimes,Charles 28; Gumm Jemmy 28.

Hadfield 8,55; Hadfield Cr.R.5; half-houses 13,16,19; Hall (Pascoe Vale newsagent) 24; Hall John 1B,1C, 2,3; Hammond J.S.H. 4,45; Happy Valley 10,11,12, 21; Harrison 5; Hawkins W.J. 3, 56; hay and corn stores 10,11,15; Hayes 4, 45; Henderson's Paddock 8; Heron 49; "Hiawatha" 18,36,38,39; "Hilton" 52; Hodgson 1C,3,44; Holland P. 44; horses 8-12,15,42; hospitals 8,52; Hounslow J. 2; house on the island 9,10,15; Howse J. 1A,4; Hudson 1C,4; Hume Highway 12.

Influenza 8; Ingles J. 48; Ingram R. (teacher)6; Ironsidel J. 13.

J.Oops,I skipped a letter when compiling the index. Samuel Jackson would certainly be one of the missing names.
I'll try to remedy this later.

Kearney 2; Kelly 14; Kelly J.S. 4;Kerferd St. 1B; Kennedy D. & D. 50-55; Kernan J.Snr.(died 1879) 2,3,39, 44-5; Kernan family 4, 30, 34,44-5,55; Kerr Family 50-54; Kilburn 34, 47; ; Kirk's Bazaar 10,17, 39; Knight2,3,49,56; Korman 31.

Land prices 10,12,17,19,29,30,33,37,41,47,52,55; Lane,Dodd 10,12,19; Lane J. 8; "Langdale" 55; "La Rose" 40; "Lebanon" 1C,4,12,13,16,17,18,36-8, 39,45,47; Lewis R. 7,48; Lincoln Rd 3,4,46; Lind 4, 38; Lloyd, George 3,8,17,19; Loeman, Michael 39; Logan,Shaw 10,18-20,52; Lowther Hall 2,18,41; Lyons 1C, 3,4.

McAinch W. 54; McCord J.39,46-7;McCracken Alex and Mary E. 4,36,8,40-43, 45; McCracken family 2,40,41,49; McCrae Dr.F. 40; McCulloch,William 8,50,52,54,55; McDougall Robert 3,53,54; McGowery 14;McLachlan L. 2,44;McMarlin 5; McMurchison 5; McNamara 2,32; McPhail D. 40,48; "Magdala" 4,12,33,35-6; Maribyrnong 12,44; market gardens etc. 10,15,47; Marnell 5; Marshall 14; "Meadowbank" 8,48; Melbourne history 120; Mercy College 41; "Merai Farm" 30,44,55; migrants 6,11,14; milk 10,20; Mills family 12; Mills A. 48; Mills W.48; Moonee Ponds Creek 9; Morby/Mawbey J. 2; Morgan family (Pascoe Vale) 3,49,56; Morgan ("Niddrie") 32; "Mt Sabine" 6; Murphy, Bridget 2,Murray, William 3,55.

Napier Park 36; Napier Park dog track 9,15; Napier,Theodore 1C, 3,4, 12,33-6,45,48,56; Napier,Thomas 1C,2,3,6, 32-5; Nicholson 24; "Niddrie" 1C,5,7,32; Nixon J. 3, 47; Noonan P. 54; Norfolk Rd 6; North Essendon , 11-13; "North Park" 40-43,48.

Oaklands Hunt Club 43; Oak Park 7,9,56; Oates J. 12, 17; O'Brien E.(teacher) 6; Ormond Rd (Ascot Vale) 2; O'Shea (mechanic) 19.

parishes 1B; Pascoe 5; Pascoe, Hannah 28; PascoeVale Estate4; PascoeVale Rd 2,9; Pascoe Valeschools 5,7,9; Pascoe Vale shops 24; Pasture Hill farm 50,51,53,54; Peachey family 5,6,14,49,55; Peachey-Kelly Town 10,14; Pearson 52; Peck family 1C,3,4,13,16,36-9,42,47; Peck Ave. 2,5,10,27,39; Peucker 24; Pike,Jim 10,21; Pines the
3,49,56; Plunkett 14; Port Phillip Farmers' Society 40; poultry 9; Pow J.K. 2; prisoners 10,17,24,28,29.

Randall 12; rationing 10,26;Reddish 55; Red Rooster 10,16,18,49; returned servicemen 10,1?;Richards 5; Roberts 13,36; Robertson A. 2,56; Robertson James (three!)7,8,40,41,48; Robinson T.B.C. 7-8,48; rodeos 10; "Rosebank" 1C,4,33-4; "Roseneath" 33; Rowe, Archie 24; Rutherford 13; Ruthven 7.

saleyards 13; Salmon,William 4; "Sawbridgeworth" 52-3; schools 5-9,34; Scott J.3; Shaw J.W. 3; shops 10,15,24; Sinclair D. 40; slaughteryard 1A; Smith A. 3; Smith,James 2; Smith John 5,37; Smith, William 2,30,35,42,49; Somerton 44-5; Somerville, Townshend 2,3,34; South Wait (Sic, Southwaite)1A; Stephenson H.("Niddrie") 1C,3,7,8,32; "St John's" 1A,1C,29; Standen 55; Stoffers 5;Strange's garage 13; Stranks T. 54; Strathmore Heights 1A,1B,1C,10,13; Strathmore overpass 9; Strathmore (name) 5,6,10,12, 34,46; strathmore schools 6-10,12; SunriseEstate 4; swing bridge 10,16.

Tasma Theatre10,16; Taylor A.C. 1A,1C,3; Taylor J. 5;Thackerill 24; TerminusEstate 4; Thompson E.J. 45; Tomkinson 14; Toy,Alma 14;transport 10-14,19-2226-7,41; Travellers' Rest Hotel 1A; Trennear 4,45; "Trinifour" 41; Tucker, George 2,44; Tullamarine Freeway 7,9,15?, Tullamarine parish 13, Tullamarine Progress Association 13; two-up 10,20.

Urquhart 2; U.S.A. 3,16,36,39.

V.F.L. 4,24,37,41,43; videotape 10,18.

Walker Mrs A. 4; Walker T. 7; war 10,13-14,17; Watson J. 30; Watt,John and Annie 53-4;"Waverley" 55;way of life 10,21-3; Welsh 44; Westbreen 6,10,12,14,55; Weston 6; White M.S. 4; Wilkie 5; Williams,Colin 42; Williams W. 1B,2; Wilson 14; Will Will Rook Cemetery 3,36,38,48; Will Will Rook parish 1C,5,8,43,53; Willy 4; Wiseman family 19,52-4; Wood E. 4; Woodland St 2,4,33; "Woodlands" (Bulla) 43; Woolley 24; Wright E. 2.

Young, Charles 2; Young Queen Inn 30,49,46; Young,Thomas 2,54,55; Yuroke 44.

******************************************************************************************

KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS. Started in mid 1990, which explains mistakes such as "Glendura"-the way I had heard it pronounced. Text will be transcribed verbatim,warts and all, but comments will be added in italics.
Foreword.
This history is like a diary. It traces my growth of knowledge about Strathmore and the land to the east and west of Pascoe Vale Rd from a stage where I knew little about its history. If some of my statements earlier in the book seem to carry little authority,if wrong assumptions are made and later corrected,if footnote numbers are in the wrong order, while they may cause some difficulties to the reader,hopefully they will convey the sense of adventure experienced by the historian and enable you to share in the excitement of a new discovery, an assumption confirmed and so on. Thus,with warts and all,here is my history.

CONTENTS.
P.1A. A documentary history of Strathmore including rate records and parish maps.
P. 5. Excerpts from "Vision and Realisation" (Education Department centenary history,1972.)
P.10. 1930-1955. Based on a videotaped interview with Jim and Peggy McKenzie.
P.28. Pioneers and their properties (several sources.)
P.48. Pioneers in "Victoria and its Metropolis" (1888.)
P.50. Glenroy (Glenroy, Jacana and Glenroy West.)
P.55. South of Glenroy Farm. Whatever happened to "Belle Vue"?

MAIN SOURCES.
1.BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY,Andrew Lemon.
2. THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED. (City of Essendon),Grant Aldous.
3. VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS,PAST AND PRESENT (1888),Alexander Sutherland.
4. THE GOLD THE BLUE (History of Lowrher Hall school),A.D.Pyke.
5. ESSENDON CONSERVATION STUDY,Graeme Butler.
6. VISION AND REALISATION. (1972 centenary history of the education department.)
7. THE OAKLANDS HUNT. D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.
8. LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER. C.P.Billot.
9. POST OFFICE DIRECTORIES.
10.RATE BOOKS (BULLA,BROADMEADOWS,KEILOR).
11. GEORGIANA'S JOURNAL.McCrae.
12. PARISH MAPS (DOUTTA GALLA,JIKA JIKA, TULLAMARINE, BULLA,YUROKE.)

My thanks to Jenny Shugg at Gladstone Park High School library for enthusiastic assistance.

Page 1A.
Just as I found when interviewing old timers about Tullamarine's history, it is impossible to limit a localhistory to any specific area. For social or work reasons,people were dependent on,and travelled through, nearby settlementsand farmland While my original intention was to write a history of Strathmore, so much of Pascoe Vale,Hadfield and even Coburg has been introduced that a change of title was needed. The oral history supplied by Jim and Peggy McKenzie covers an area with a radius of about three miles from Pascoe Vale Primary School.

A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF STRATHMORE.
See comment 1 about maps and the attachment.
As can be seen from the maps where part of the parish of Doutta Galla is superimposed on current (1990) Melway maps, Strathmore consisted of the eastern half of section 16, most of section 23 and all of section 15.

Grant Aldous states in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED that the area first occupied by the Essendon aerodrome was known at that time (1921) as St Johns*. This name comes from George Frederick Berkeley St John,the grantee of the 525 acre section 23. St Johns only fronted the part of Bulla Rd now known as Wirraway Rd with John Hall's "Southwaite" fronting the road north to the boundary with the parish of Tullamarine (the line of Sharps Rd.)Southwaite was later farmed by John B.Howse who had a slaughteryard there. The Howse family also operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel (bounded by Dromana Ave, Matthews Ave and Louis St and including Rood St) which burnt down in 1899.
*In an Oaklands Hunt report,it was once wrongly called St John's Hill, the name of Brannigan's farm many miles to the north.

Gordon Connor told me about Jack Howse's slaughteryard and as a young lad heading up to help with the harvest at his grandmother's farm was also impressed by how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were; this was due to Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. In 1920,A.C.Taylor had the western 290 acres of St Johns.

St John, a police magistrate and commissioner of crown lands for the county of Bourke was accused of taking bribes by John Pascoe Fawkner of Belle Vue Park (across the creek from St John's grant.)Fawkner was sued for libel but had the satisfaction of seeing St John resign both positions and depart for England in disgrace.

PAGE 1B.
The map shows four parishes. Doutta Galla and Tullamarine were west of the Moonee Ponds Creek being respectively south and north of the line of Sharps Rd. Jike Jika and Will Will Rook were east of the creek and respectively south and north of (roughly) VictoriaSt/Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd. Grantees may be found from the parish maps. (e.g. Jika Jika,COUNTY OF BOURKE; the parish name followed by the words in capitals.)

The diamond-like subdivision of section 16 (see attachment) accounts for the angle of Kerferd St and the bends in the avenues between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd. The part east of Bulla Rd that became part of the Shire of Broadmeadows,was alienated in 1862 and the part to the west (shire of Keilor) was alienated in 1865.

My map shows grantees in the various parishes except that Donald and Duncan Kennedy's partitioning of the Glenroy Estate (sections 1 and 6,Will Will Rook) is shown rather than the names of speculator grantees,Hughes and Hosking. Thomas Napier,usually associated with today's Strathmore, was the grantee of 17B, Doutta Galla,which was named "Niddrie" by its next owner, Henry Stephenson,who also occupied the western,300 acre portion of section 23,Doutta Galla.
Surnames mentioned re page 1B in the index are as follow:
Parish of Tullamarine- Foster, Kenny.
Parish of Doutta Galla-Foster,Hall, Fawkner,Purnell,St John, Wright,Crichton,Connor,Phelan,Napier,Nicholson, Mairs*,Anderson,Mansfield,Williams,Cooke,Brewster.
Parish of Will Will Rook-Kennedy.
Parish of Jika Jika-Fawkner.
(*David Mairs, pioneer of the parish of Blackwood and then the parish of Bittern, about whom I have written a journal.)

Page 1C.
This page is mainly a composite Melway map on which details of current ownership (in sections 15,16 and 23)from an UNDATED Doutta Gallaparish map are superimposed. The parish map is wrong in regard to details concerning John Hall's "Southwaite" and "St John's". John Hall's 100 acre property (22B and D) is shown as being partly on St John's (section 23) but Stevenson (300 acres) and Hodgson (225 acres) fully account for the 525 acres of section 23.

This does not mean that other details are incorrect but they should not be taken as gospel.

John Hall's Southwaite was actually west of the line of Vickers Ave.
The boundary of Stephenson's and Hodgson's portions of section 23,both of which fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek,was not a straight north south line but a chevron heading south west from the creek and then south east,(e.g.<). I believe I have a map in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA on which the boundary had been plotted from descriptions in title documents. This and other information will be made available to any researchers whose ancestors, such as Mawbey and Sir John Franklin, were involved in section 23. Hodgson's 225 acres were previously occupied by Robert McDougall of "Arundel" near Keilor,accounting for Harry Peck's description of Stephenson and McDougall as (unneighbourly) neighbours.

No owners of section 16 land are shown on the Keilor Shire (west)side of Bulla Rd so this version of the parish map was probably produced by the Shire of Broadmeadows some time after the death of Thomas Napier (as indicated by Napier and Barber in section 15.) On the east side of Bulla Rd Hudson is shown as the owner of Essendon airport land north of the Tullamarine Freeway. As this would have adjoined John Murray Peck's "Lebanon", I presume Hudson was William Hudson of Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion (35-9 Ardmillan Rd,Moonee Ponds if I remember correctly) and Hudson's Paddock bounded by Mantell,Derby,George Sts(roughly)and Ardmillan Rd. Hudson was one of the partners in the stock and station firm of Hudson, Peck and Raynor until John Murray Peck left to form a new partnership with his son, Harry Huntington Peck (author of MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.)

Cam Taylor,later to own the western part of St John's,owned the western half of the chevron between First and Balmoral Avenues while Lyons owned the eastern half,fronting Carnarvon Rd. (One of these blocks,both bisected by Dublin Ave., may have later been owned by Dodd Lane!)

Section 15 west of Pascoe Vale Rd is shown as being owned by four people.Napier and Barber are shown as the owners of the land between Woodland St and a line indicated by the Lloyd/York St midline (the northern boundary of Theodore Napier's "Magdala") and the bends in Glenview Rd, Bournian and Collegian Avenues and Hillsyde Pde(the northern boundary of George Page Barber's "Rosebank".)Barber, one of Melbourne's early lawyers, had married Thomas Napier's daughter, and they lived for many years in Warrnambool, where George continued his legal career, until her father's death. Theodore had been given the western part much earlier and had built Magdala which survived until 1927 when it was destroyed by fire. (I believe the occupants at the time are named later in the book.)Barber built the present historic"Rosebank" mansion not far from the site of Thomas Napier's original house.

Most of the northern portion was owned by John Kernan (probably his estate)of Merai Farm. Its western boundary is indicated by the line of Esmail St continued south to Magdala's northern boundary. To the west, Hudson had part of section 15, adjoining his section 16 land at Lincoln (Carnarvon/Arvon)Rd. Hodgson probably sold his land to John English who claimed title to St John Franklin's northernmost 12 acres of section 15 due to adverse possession, John Murray Peck having occupied it since 1882 when he moved into "Lebanon".
(Google SIR JOHN FRANKLIN'S 12 ACRES.)

Barber's land,called "Rosehill",boasted a mansion with a nett annual valuation of 200 pounds in the Broadmeadows Shire assessments in 1900. A normal house would have a N.A.V.of about 10 pounds. Almost opposite was Alexander McCracken's North Park mansion in the municipality of Essendon. As in the case of John Kerr's "Kerrsland" near the north end of the Glenroy Estate,these two houses were the result of Presbyterian pioneers but were saved from decay by the Roman Catholic Church.

N.B. Pages 1A, 1B and 1C have involved a complete rewrite because of a need to describe map details and extra information gathered in the 23 years since this book was written.

PAGE 2.(Sentence continued from 1A.)
It is unlikely that St John lived on section 23 but if he had,there would have been few neighbourly words exchanged across the Moonee Ponds Creek with the owner of Belle Vue Park, John Pascoe Fawkner.*

*St. John v. Fawkner.
IT is proposed to raise the amount of the expenses incurred by the Defendant in the above action, in exposing the system of Bribery and Corruption carried on on by an officer of the Government. Subscriptions will he received at this office.Argus Office,11th December, 1848.(P.3, Argus, 20-2-1849.)

Details about the three maps,which has already been given.

The area north of Woodland St was until recently (1979) in the Shire/City of Broadmeadows whose ratepayers give further information about that undulating land which today bears the name of STRATHMORE. Bernard J. Cooke, whose land was west of Bulla Rd, was deeply involved in the early years of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and, as Grant Aldous relates in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED,he was involved in a dispute with Peter McCracken over a seat on council.

John Thomas Smith,who had land between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd was known to bribe voters with free oranges, according to Aldous. It is likely that these were grown on his section 16 grant rather than near Fenton St,Ascot Vale where he built Ascot House; Dr Harbinson's grant just across Bulla Rd contains a street called Orange Grove and a Keilor history mentions the Northern Ireland medico's oranges.

1863. William Smith (much of Lebanon); John Kernan; Lawrence McLachlan (leasing from Kernan); Pat Callaghan; Bridget Murphy (leasing from Callaghan); Samuel Jackson (see Victoria and its Metropolis); John Kent Pow; Thomas Napier; Patrick MCNamara (leasing from Napier and Urquhart); Alexander Kearney (leasing much of the north eastern quarter of section 16 from the grantee,W.Williams);Alexander Robertson; J.T.Smith; B.J.Cooke; Thomas Young; James Smith; John Morby (sic); John Hall;Townshend Somerville (leased from grantee,R.Chance, 14 acres fronting Woodland St, Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd.)
Across the Moonee Ponds Creek in today's Oak Park were J.P.Fawkner; James Hownslow; George Knight; George Tucker*; William Smith (old Young Queen Inn); and Charles Young*.
* Ratepayers were listed geographically so it is assumed that Tucker and Charles Young were on Fawkner's Jika Jika grant with the others whose locations are known.


PAGE 3.
1880.
Edward Wright (leased from J.B.(sic)Cooke,land near Essendon); James G.Brisbane (leased from Kernan, Doutta Galla); Hugh* Peck, house and 34 acres,PascoeVale,i.e. Lebanon; John Hall,house and 115 acres,Doutta Galla, i.e Southwaite; Josph Nixon (leasing from Sam Jackson);Samuel Jackson; Thomas Kelly Land, Essendon Division (section 16); Robert McDougall**,200 acres,Doutta Galla; Mrs Thomas Napier,80 acres,Doutta Galla;Theodore Napier 20 acres,Doutta Galla; Joseph Nixon (leased from Kilburn,100 acres, Doutta Galla; Townshend Somerville, land,Doutta Galla; H. Stevenson**,land,Doutta Galla (the western 300 acresof St Johns.)
The following were all described as being at Pascoe Vale,meaning today's Oak Park,north of the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Joseph Bowring 100 acres; Frank Goyder (publican and racing identity, leasing 100 acres from John English); William Jones 20 acres (probably including the former Young Queen Inn paddock); John Kernan,210 acres,i.e.Merai Farm; Mary Knight 150 acres; Mrs.W.Murray,house and 77 acres; Frederick Morgan,40 acres,i.e.The Pines (Fred married Helen Maria Knight.)

*This was Lebanon and Hugh Peck, a money broker and land agent FROM ENGLAND seems to be totally unrelated to John Murray Peck (from New Hampshire U.S.A.) I assume that William Smith had lost his grant or mortgaged it.
**Thus Harry Peck's description of the shorthorn breeders being neighbours.

1900.
James Anderson, Essendon Hill (section 16,leased from Lockwood); Eleanor Barber (Thomas Napier's daughter), 22 acres "Rosehill"; George Barber,gentleman,Rosehill mansion and land,N.A.V. 200 POUNDS; Alexander Robertson, 200 acres Doutta Galla,leased from Hodgson executors; Henry Carr,44 acres Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd; Charles Ferris 18 acres,Pascoe Vale,leased from (Land Mutual?) Bank; Michael Fox, land Essendon Hill; John Kernan, villa and 120 acres leased from Hodgson, house and land,Pascoe Vale,leased from Napier; Martin Delaney,contractor, 20 acres LINCOLN RD*,leased from Lyons; John Scott,20 acres Pascoe Vale leased from T.Napier; Alfred Smith,dairyman,land Essendon Hill;Stevenson Brothers, 310 acres, Deep Creek Rd;William J.Hawkins, butcher, 134 acres Pascoe Vale.

The use of the original name for Bulla Rd is strange. *Carnarvon Rd was called Lincoln Rd.


PAGE 4.
1920.
Bulla Rd (east side.) John B.Howse (leasing from Hall)house and 100 acres,i.e. Southwaite; A.C.Taylor ;,house and 290 acres (Stephenson's former western portion of section 23); John S.Kelly 4 blocks totalling 179 acres and 2 houses; Edward Wood, house and 14 acres (see Townshend Somerville in 1863);

Lincoln Rd(Carnarvon Rd.)Thomas Lyons 20 acres; Harriet Bourke house and 31 acres; Sunrise Estate 29 acres; Irene Barber 71 acres;

Woodland St (north side.) Theodore Napier, house and 33 acres "Magdala";Harry Hudson, house and land; Michael S.White, house and (39?)acres; Mrs A. Walker, 20 acres leased from Willy on creek; William Salmon house and 140 acres. (Salmon actually lived in "Roseneath" (on the Essendon side of Woodland St)built by David Duncan and the death place of Big Clarke and donated Salmon Reserve, through which Five Mile Creek ran,to the council.)

Byron Vale Estate. Harry H. and Richard Peck 43 acres; GeorgeGibson,N.S.W.,5 acres; Ralph Lind,inspector,house and land.

Pascoe Vale Rd.(SOUTH OF BRIDGE.)
John Kernan house and 21 acres; John N.S.Hammond 4 acres; David Hayes 6 acres; John Trennear house and 3.5 acres; Mrs M.McCracken* house and land leased from Mrs L.Peck; Mrs Louisa Ellen Peck house and 38 acres, "Lebanon"; J.M.English** 200.5 acres; Emily Lind land.
(*The house was almost certainly Wannaeue, later occupied by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary,Albert Cook (after the new shire hall was built near the station in 1928)thus acquiring the nickname of Cook's Cottage.It was demolished without a permit and Red Rooster near the pedestrian bridge now occupies the site. John Murray Peck was dead and his English-born wife had Lebanon. Their daughter Mary, who had married Alexander McCracken, was also a widow and had left the North Park mansion in Woodland St to live in "Wannaeue" near her mother and her brother ,Harry, who lived in "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.)
(**English has taken over Hodgson's 200 acre eastern portion of section 23.)

The lads returning from W.W.1 were eager to marry the sweethearts who had waited for them,prompting a resurgence of subdivisions as had happened in the boom before the 1890's bust.The 1930's depression put an end
to this second boom with the result that Jim McKenzie and his mates could ride over empty paddocks to Dodd Lane's place in Dublin Ave. Lack of building materials because of W.W.2 further delayed house construction with half-houses and concrete tiles a sign of the times.

Subdivisions in 1920 and people associated with them were as below:
PASCOE VALE ESTATE Mrs Emily Lind (Lind,Vernon,Hood and Lincoln Sts.)
ESSENDON HILL ESTATE Mrs Sarah and Samuel Davidson.
SUNRISE ESTATE Mrs M. and Frank Callaghan.
TERMINUS ESTATE Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.)
BELLEVUE HEIGHTS ESTATE Sold by W.R.Blair and Sons.
ROSEBANK ESTATE Norman Charles Barber M.D.

It looks as if suburbia has arrived. And yet in the days of the second world war,youngsters such as Jim McKenzie could ride over the Napier St area and pass only a few houses.

PAGE 5.
Apart from the oral history of Jim and Peggy McKenzie,the suburban development of the area,and more distant history can be gleaned from the pages of VISION AND REALISATION,the centenary publication of the Victorian Education Department (1972.) Each school's history was written by a staff member and not everything can be taken as gospel. For example the Gladstone Park school is described as being in the parish of Doutta Galla (south of Sharps Rd!)and Niddrie Primary School was said to be on Niddrie Farm (17A Doutta Galla)when it was actually on 17B (Spring Farm.)

Strathmore is said to have come from the name of a valley near which Thomas Napier had lived in Scotland. The area and the Strathmore station were originally called North Essendon, a name that persisted near Bulla Rd.

SCHOOLS IN THE THREE MILE RADIUS (OF PASCOE VALE STATE SCHOOL.)-SUMMARIES.
(Closure of schools and half-time schools,where each operated for half the school day with a teacher travelling from one to the other,often across swollen creeks, during his lunch break were consequences of the 1890's depression which started to bite in 1892. The Government was almost broke. VISION AND REALISATION should be available from municipal libraries and any school operating in 1972 and still open. Summaries for schools outside the area of investigation are much briefer than those within it.)

S.S.47 FAWKNER (BOX FOREST.)
A non-vested school established by the C.of E. on 20-11-1854 with Walter Chalmers as H.T. and an average attendance of 9. Under the department a site was purchased in Oct. 1874 and a wooden schoolhouse was built to accommodate 72 pupils. It closed in 1892.
(Some Box Forest families in 1949 were Bradshaw,McMarlin,Marnell,Turner,Wilkie,Balsh and McMurchison.(P.O. directory.)By 1880,the Cavenagh, Harrison, Jukes, Jones, Pascoe, Peachey,Richards, Stoffers (Boundary Hotel?),Smith and Taylor families were assessed by Broadmeadows Shire. Box Forest was section 2 of the parish of Will Will Rook purchased from the crown by John Pascoe Fawkner in March 1850 on behalf of contributors to his land co-operative.It was officially renamed in honour of Cr Rupert Hadfield of Broadmeadows Shire.

S.S.483 ESSENDON (PASCOE VALE.)
A forerunner of the Raleigh St school was at the junction of Five Mile and Moonee Ponds Creeks (Melway 28 J-K2) and accessed via Government Rd. It operated from 1858 until 1863.
(Some of the pupils may have lived on the Cross Keys Reserve which was divided into small blocks. In 1863, the school moved to a site near Windy Hill but not apparently the present one.)

3081 PASCOE VALE.
A two mile train trip allowed children to be taught at S.S.483 NEAR WINDY HILL until fares became too expensive. It opened in a leased Church of Christ.....

PAGE 6.
...building in 1891 with Robert Ingram as H.T. In 1894, as an economy measure,it was joined to S.s.484 Coburg. A site was purchased in 1910 at the corner of NORFOLK ROAD (now Gaffney St) and Cumberland Rd.,and it was occupied in September 1911 with Edmund O'Brien as H.T.

S.S.3118 GLENROY.
Glenroy was named by D.Cameron after aplace on Inverness,Scotland. Opened on 6-4-1891 in a leased building and the Wheatsheaf Rd school commenced in April 1908. Overcrowding was eased by the opening of Glenroy North (1956) and Glenroy West (1958.)Nett enrolments reached 1350 between 1956 and 1959.

S.S.4015 ESSENDON NORTH.
Opened 1-9-1920. Enrolments: 270 in June 1921, 550 in 1928, 956 in 1953 and 436 in 1970. Summary brief , the school being outside the area being discussed.

S.S.4158 WESTBREEN.(Formerly Mt Sabine.)
Mt Sabine* was the name of a large property in the area. The school opened in 1923 in a hall on the Mt Sabine Estate.District Inspector Davies suggested Westbreen as the school's name,being a combination of the names of two bus proprietors, Weston and Miss Breen. In about 1932,part of the old Pascoe Vale school was erected on 3 acres purchased from H.Peachey. From 1950 a migrant hostel in the army camp and subdivision of farmlands made enrolments seem to double and re double almost overnight. In 1954 more than 40% were migrants from northern and central Europe.Overcrowding was eased when 130 pupils transferred to the new Broadmeadows East school.

(*In 1990, I knew nothing about the internet. Now I use trove all the time so it wasn't hard to find a reference to Mt Sabine:
GEACH-On the 21st March, 1928 at Miss Hill's private hospital, Fitzroy, Frank Herbert,beloved husband of Alice Ethel Geach, Mount Sabine,Pascoevale, father of Nerissa, Frank,Catherine, Miriam Hermione, Edwin, and Edwina, in his 66th year.A friend to all mankind.
However I seem to recall that Pascoe Vale Girls' School started in the Mt Sabine homestead (we'll soon see) so I doubt that Westbreen state school's 3 acre site was on the Mt Sabine farm. Frank may have bought a Box Forest (Hadfield) block which was part of the estate of Frank Geach Snr late of Mt Sabine,not the MT SABINE ESTATE.)

SEE COMMENTS RE MT SABINE. (NO MENTION IN PASCOE VALE GIRLS'SCHOOL ENTRY; INFORMATION WAS READ BUT NOT RECORDED.)

S.S.4612 STRATHMORE.
Strathmore,a valley in Scotland was the homeland of the Napier family. (N.B. If this is correct,the valley must be near Montrose on the east coast-V&I.M. 1888.) Theodore Napier owned agricultural land having Woodland St as its southern frontage; the school was built on this land. Due to wartime problems, the school opened incomplete on 4 acres purchased by the Broadmeadows Shire Council. Destroyed by fire on 28-11-1945,the buildings were not replaced until December 1946. (N.B. This was probably due to a lack of building material which persisted for some years after the war.)By 1960 nett enrolments reached 807.In 1967-8,the removal.......

PAGE 7.
......of many houses to make way for the Tullamarine Freeway caused another big drop in numbers,the opening of Strathmore North on 9-2-1961 having seen 106 pupils depart.

S.S, 4704 PASCOE VALE SOUTH.
Opened on 2-2-1954 with 180 pupils. Freeway construction with resultant demolition of houses caused a decline with numbers.

S.S.4721 OAK PARK.
Opened with 180 pupils in February 1954. Within a short distance is the site of John Fawkner's home and the houses of the school commemorate Fawkner and his three assistants* (sic),Stephenson Campbell and Cameron, who farmed the land. Nett enrolment was 813 in 1965.
*The Camerons were overlanders and leased the Glenroy Estate (which they named), north of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park grant,from speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Robert Campbell, resident near the Merri Creek in 1849 may have been the grantee of section 4, Will Will Rook, north east of Fawkner's Box Forest. Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" had the western 300 acres of St John's south and east of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park.There is absolutely no evidence that they worked for Fawkner and neighbours might have been a better word than assistants. Stephenson might have been on St John's before Fawkner's death.

S.S.4731 PASCOEVALE NORTH. (Melway 17 D7, s.w. cnr Kent and Derby Sts.)
On 12-3-1842,crown land in the parish of Jika Jika was purchased by Thomas Walker of Sydney. A masonry veneer building of 16 classrooms was built and occupied on 13-3-1956 with the enrolment rapidly reaching 600.

S.S. 4779 NORTH FAWKNER.
Opened 1-7-1957 with 245 pupils and had a nett enrolment in December,1970.

Not knowing the location of Fawkner North which was not listed in my 1999 Melway, I found mention of it in the Wikipedia entry for Fawkner.
Within the suburb of Fawkner, there are two government primary schools: Fawkner Primary and Moomba Park Primary. Two Catholic primary schools were also built: St. Matthew's PS and St. Mark's PS (1934). Fawkner Secondary College began in 1956 and an Islamic college, Darul Ulum College of Victoria, was established in 1997 on the grounds of the former Fawkner North Primary school.[7] Historically, the Fawkner Technical School was built on the site west of the Moomba Park Primary School at the same time the primary school was established. Fawkner Technical School was eventually demolished to make way for residential allotments. Bruce Smeaton, composer and musician taught at this school which started out as an exclusive boys school of high repute.

4782 GLENROY NORTH. (FORMERLY BROADMEADOWS SOUTH.)
Opened 11-9-1956 with 850 pupils. Nett enrolment was 795 in 1970.
South west corner of Cardinal Rd and Daley St and separated from Glen and Delhi Sts. by house blocks in 1999.

4787 NORTH PARK.
Opened 10-9-1957 with 97 pupils, mainly from Pascoe Vale North and Westbreen Schools. Nett enrolments: early 1958 -330; 1967 -780; 1970 -700. This seems to have been at about 13 Bedford St, Hadfield where modern housing isshown on the street view. It was not shown in the 1999 Melway so it was probably jeffed like Fawkner North.

4806 GOWRIE PARK.
"Gowrie Park" was a grazing property between Hume Highway(sic) and West St(sic*), , which was owned in the 19th century by Robinson (sic**) from Gowrie in England (sic);his bluestone homestead two blocks north of the school is still occupied. The school opened on 11-6-1962 with 271 pupils. Nett enrolments were 387 in 1963,626 in 1966 and about 800 in 1968. CONTINUED ON PAGE 8.

*(Adjoining Box Forest,its south east corner is indicated by Fairleigh St (Melway 17 F 1-2) and it adjoined Meadowbank north of John and Andrew St houses (Melway 7 B-D 12.) Its western boundary was Morley St.)

**(Section 5 Will Will Rook was granted to Alexander Gibb who built "Meadowbank" on the northern half (320 acres) and "Gowrie" on the southern half for James ROBERTSON, who like Alexander's brother, James, had married a Coupar girl. Both houses are shown on page 18 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. James ROBERTSON was NOT a Keilor farmer as stated in the book. In 1900,Thomas B.C.ROBINSON was leasing 317 acres, "Gowrie" from James ROBERTSON.)

PAGE 8.(Gowrie Park S.S.continued.)
Gibb Reserve in Blair St honours the municipal service of Alexander Gibb and his son, Alexander Coupar Gibb.
This Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm which occupied the operational part of Melbourne Airport extending a mile west and north west of the terminal building. In 1920-1,racehorse trainer,Robert Lewis, was assessed on 317 acres, "Gowrie Park". The bluestone homestead on 3 acres was obviously leased separately in 1900 and 1920,James Robertson Jnr having moved to the Somerton area.His father , who died on 28-7-1888 at the age of 80 is buried at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 C9)next to the Gibbs, neighbours in death as well as in life.(Genealogical details from Deidre Farfor,a descendant of James Robertson of Upper Keilor.)

S.S.4809 GLENROY WEST.
Opened 21-4-1958 with 370 pupils. Nett enrolment in 1970 was 720.
Melway 16 E 2-3 fronting Clovelly Ave and York and William Sts. Still operating in 2014.

S.S.4821 STRATHMORE NORTH.
Opened 9-2-1861 with 150 pupils. Net enrolment: 241 in late 1961; 448 in 1969; by 1970 the school had become overcrowded.
Bruce Barbour has included a brief history of the school on his website.
Strathmore History - North Strathmore Primary - Vicnet
home.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/nprimary.html&#8206;
The information contained in the section below is an edited shortened version of the history contained in a Booklet entitled "Strathmore North Primary School ...

The above will not include the following.
I think the potted history mentions the acquisition of houses* to enlarge the playground but I don't think it mentions the playground often being underwater. The school was lucky to have a supportive community which dealt with this problem as well as obtaining a fine hall. I was fortunate in teaching at Strathy North 1992-8. The grassed area east of the front path from Mascoma St was overcrowded when I arrived,with three or more separate football games being played simultaneously in this smallish space because nobody wanted to play on the rocks,the triangular area west of the buildings and staff car park. Luckily a staff member spent much of his summer holiday covering the rocks with buffalo grass.

STRATHY NORTH MAY NEVER HAVE OPENED!
*The brief history mentioned above did not discuss the enlargement of the school grounds, only that they consisted of 2.5 acres when purchased. Either Paul Agar or the original history (25th anniversary)must have mentioned the houses that stood within the present boundaries.

The education department's intention to sell the original site prompted a quick reaction as Bruce's summary shows.
"In 1954, the Education Department acquired the present school site, possibly foreseeing that continuing steady growth of home building in the area could lead to overcrowding at the closest schools, Oak Park and Strathmore, in the future years.

However in 1959 it was learnt that the Education Department proposed to sell the site. This news had the effect of greatly stimulating interest in obtaining a school in the area as quickly as possible.

A group of parents, aware of the number of new homes being built in the areas close to the eastern ends of Mascoma and Lebanon Streets, and the serious overcrowding at Strathmore Primary School, began to press for the establishment of a new school on the present site.

Prominent in the early moves for the school were Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Arthur Roberts, whose letter to a local newspaper attracted wide attention, Mr. Ron Bucknell and Mrs. Jean Cole, Mrs. Marj Reddish, Mrs. Avril Roberts, Mrs. Joan Nichols and Mrs. Dulcie Streete, who conducted a house to house survey to ascertain prospective enrolments, should a school be built. This survey indicated that there were already 200 children of school and immediate pre-school age in the proposed schools area."

The school was lucky to have Paul Agar on hand in the 1990's. He was the school caretaker but if anything needed fixing, Paul did it for nothing. It was when I was helping Paul to install some climbing equipment that I realised how much "the rocks" had been built up. The top layer of fine screenings had been noticed during the grass-planting but we had to dig down 60 centimetres through a lower layer of coarse screenings before reaching soil.

By the 1990's the school was much nearer to 200 pupils and was in the second division of the Essendon District Sports Association at the annual athletics carnival. The school won this division for a tremendous number of years but its crowning achievement in athletics is recalled by a photograph in the crowded trophy cabinet. Five girls competing in the 4x100 metre relay gave up almost every lunchtime for a month and by the time of the carnival at Aberfeldie, they could change the baton while running flat out. P.E.G.S. (PENLEIGH AND ESSENDON GRAMMAR SCHOOL) usually won most of the events at the sports, having employed members of the Essendon Athletics Club to coach their competitors,including their relay teams.

The Strathy North girls beat them and were they dirty! The Strathy North girls came second in the Victorian Championships. The fifth girl missed out on the glory but she was just as responsible for this great achievement as the other four.

On one occasion,one of the teachers on yard duty was concerned because most of the pupils had disappeared one lunchtime. In desperation,she opened the hall door and with obvious relief said,"Here they are!" She'd forgotten about the popular Lunchtime Gym.

SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
Many of the secondary schools are now closed.Many of those west of Pascoe Vale Rd are discussed on the following website, which supplied the detail for my 2014 entry for Box Forest Secondary College and closures:
High School for Coburg: June 2010
www.highschoolforcoburg.org/2010_06_01_archive.html&#8206;





Moreland High School closed on 31 December 1991 - now Kangan Batman TAFE




(2014 Postscript-BOX FOREST SECONDARY COLLEGE.
Moomba Park Secondary College, Glenroy High School, Glenroy Technical School, Hadfield Secondary College and Oak Park Secondary College merged on 1 January 1993 to form Box Forest Secondary College, now Glenroy College.)



COBURG HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced 30-1-1912, with 131 pupils on four rooms at Coburg State School as the first Higher Elementary School in Victoria. Elevation in status to a high school and occupation of the present site of one acre on Henderson's Paddock, an old aboriginal burial ground, followed in 1916. The net enrolment was almost 400 by 1925. (P.S. Closed 31-12-1993.)

ESSENDON HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 4-2-1913 and became a high school in 1914. During the severe (Spanish*) influenza epidemic of 1919,the school became an emergency hospital with the pupils housed in new buildings at Moonee Ponds State** School.
(* So-named because a member of the Spanish Royal Family was an early victim.
** Local parents must have liked this turn of events with the result that the primary school became a Central School with form 1 and 2.)

GLENROY HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 2-2-1954, with 231 pupils in form 1 and 2,"on the fringe of the settled areas." The names of houses-Cameron,Fawkner, McCullagh and Stevenson- honour early settlers in the district.
(Cameron leased the estate from Sydney speculators,calling it Glenroy; Fawkner was an equally early pioneer settling immediately south of Glenroy and planting an orchard and English trees, such as the oak,which caused a later owner, Hutchinson of the flour mill at Glenroy, to rename the property as "Oak Park; Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" also occupied the western 300 acres of St Johns between English St in the aerodrome and Fawkner's land across the Moonee Ponds Creek; McCulloch bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedy's executors in 1874.)

HADFIELD HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened in February,1964 with 343 pupils. Net enrolments were 539 in 1965,740 in 1966, 843 in 1967 and 930 in 1969 (including 13 in the first sixth form.)

(P.S. Hadfield Secondary College closed on 31 December 1992 - The buildings were demolished and the site is now a retirement village. )


PAGE 9.
OAK PARK HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 5-2-1959 with 150 form 1 pupils.By 1962, enrolments were over 700 and in 1963 there were 990,with 170 being transferred to Hadfield at year's end.

(P.S. Oak Park Secondary School closed 31 December 1992.)

PASCOE VALE GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 7-2-1956 in nearby halls for a year. (See BETWEEN TWO CREEKS by Richard Broome for extensive detail.)

The school is still operating, its website including 2014 events and this history which has a picture of the Mt Sabine homestead.

SCHOOL EVENTS & DATES
SHAPE WEEK From: 00:00 - Mon, 31/03/2014 To: 23:59 - Fri, 04/04/2014 etc.

Pascoe Vale Girls School opened in 1956 with an enrolment of 115 girls. Until the completion of the first section of building, classes were conducted in the Holy Trinity Parish Hall in Pleasant Street, and the Central Progress Association Hall in Park Street. Miss K.D Meldrum was appointed as the first Head Mistress. Classes were conducted in the buildings on the permanent site in Lake Avenue in February 1957. By this time the school enrolment had risen to 500 students. The second and third sections of the main school were completed and occupied by 1962. A foundation ceremony was held, at which the Director of Education, Mr. A. McDonell, unveiled a plaque to commemorate the completion of the main building.
In 1963 Miss E.D Daniel was appointed Head Mistress. Miss Daniel strove to raise the status of girls and women and to forge attitudes for girls to reach their academic potential and seek professional and leadership roles in the community.
Pascoe Vale Girls lost its "Girls Domestic School" stigma and became a High School in 1966. In 1968, the E.D Daniel Assembly Hall was officially opened, and enrolments continued to increase, despite the fact that there was no sixth form and the most talented students had to transfer to other schools to continue their final year of education.
In 1975 Mr E. De Motte was appointed Principal.
A Commonwealth Science block was added to the site and the George O'Brien Oval was named after the School Council President who had served the school for 18 years. The student population grew to 825 and the E.D Motte Library was built.
The current principal, Miss Helen Jackson took over in 1987. In 1991, Pascoe Vale Girls became a Secondary College.
1995 heralded a new era when, under the Schools of the Future program, Pascoe Vale Girls Secondary College officially became a self-managing one and in 2002 was renamed Pascoe Vale Girls College. With a population of 1,353 girls, the college attracts students from a wide geographical area and from diverse cultural backgrounds.
In 2009, the school received $6.3 million for renovations and new buildings, which are expected to be finished by Term 4, 2011.
The school's current principal, Miss Helen Jackson, is the longest serving principal in Victoria, with over 60 years of teaching.


STRATHMORE HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced in 1957 in Raleigh St.state school and nearby halls. The first stage was occupied in late 1957. Enrolment was over 1000 in 1963. Land lost due to the Strathmore overpass,Pascoe Vale Rd widening and the freeway has been partly replaced by the elimination of the Moonee Ponds Creek.

[The Napier Park dog track was on the high school site with the board track near the overpass. Peggy McKenzie tells that an old lady lived on an island in the creek and wasafocus of concern when the creek was likely to flood,which it did often, inundating the present school site. Cracking of the school's library was a recent (late 1980's?)problem;it was built on filled land,possibly the school side of the island.)

TECHNICAL SCHOOLS.
COBURG TECH. (Gaffney St.)
Opened February,1954 and moved to the present site on 9-11-1954. Most people would know one teacher and one student from Coburg Tech.; *John Kennedy and **Angry Anderson.
(* Day 203 Reflections on a Teacher's Life | In this my 70th year;
** Angry Anderson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angry_Anderson&#8206;
Anderson grew up in suburban Coburg and attended Coburg Technical School before working as a fitter and turner in a factory. Initially he wanted to be a blues )

(P.S. Coburg Technical School - now Coburg Special Development School.)

ESSENDON TECH.
Opened February 1939 in the old West Melbourne Tech.buildings and moved to the present site in August 1939.

FAWKNER TECH.
Opened 6-2-(1961?*)at Melbourne Textiles School and moved to the present site on 10-1-(1960?)One house, BROOKS, honours popular Governor of Victoria, Sir Dallas Brooks, after whom the suburb of Dallas was also named.
*I can't remember whether I wrote the question marks because my notes re the years were illegible or they were copied verbatim and didn't make sense.

GLENROY TECH.
Opened February 1956 at the showgrounds,later moving to old classrooms in Latrobe St for the rest of that year.

The forgoing confirms Jim McKenzie's claim that the population explosion occurred during the 1950's. Until that time,the latitude of Woodland St virtually divided city from country and those living to the north could keep horses,cows,goats and poultry. We now move onto Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history.

PAGE 10.
2014 POSTSCRIPT.
Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history interview was taped on one of six 3 hour videotapes. If I remember correctly,they were donated to the Sam Merrifield Library at Moonee Ponds when I was leaving Tullamarine.

VISEOTAPED INTERVIEW.
Jim's family moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale when he was about 13 years old. Peggy (nee Holmes)and her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St in 1935 when she was five, then relocated to Fawkner St, a bit farther up that steep hill,five years later. Jim and Peggy built their house in Tasman Avenue, Strathmore Heights in about 1970.

Index to interview subjects. Cow Dung Flats,Horses(Page 10); Fleet Electrics,Coburg council quarry 11; breaking horses and training trotters, a handful of houses in Strathmore,1940 residents near Peck Ave. 12; post-war boom 13; Peachey-Kelly Town 14; Coonan's Hill and market gardens, hay and corn stores,first self service,non swimmers,goats, Strathmore High School site and the house on the island 15; Strathmore's former name,the swing bridge and Jim Flood; Tasma Theatre 16; Kirk's Bazaar,Green Gables and prisoners, land-price fixing and returned servicemen's problems 17; Cook's homestead and Red Rooster,Shaw Logan 18; Dodd Lane,shortage of building material 19; Frank Curry-youth worker?, early Melbourne history, cable trams,picking up milk 20;two-up school and amateur rodeos,Happy Valley and Chicken Farm Lane, Jim Pyke,rail-motor house calls, 21; a hard but happy life 22; the depression 23; Pentridge prison farm,weekend trips to sleepy Sunbury,Strathmore Heights, shops at Pascoe Vale Station 24; try this hill Mulga Bill,children's games and naughty tricks 25; The Strathmore gates, petrol and a cuppa, overcoming rationing 26; walking blackberries 27.

COW DUNG FLATS.
The Pascoe Vale lads coined this name for the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd over which the the boys,most of whom had horses, rode on their country romps.

HORSES.
If Iraq had invaded Kuwait in 1937, the incident would hardly have raised a mention in The Argus. In 1990,it's not only front page news but also the excuse for a hefty rise in petrol prices. Before the second world war , there wasan entirely different set of expectationsfor young people. The horse had been the popular mode of transport for thousandsof years and instead of looking forward to having a car at 18, a youngster could look forward to....

PAGE 11.
...having a horse at 12 or 13. Hay and corn stores were everywhere but garages were exceptional, queer places with hand-operated pumps, few customers and plenty of time for a chat. The term "oil crisis" had little meaning in such a way of life. A youngster in Pascoe Vale, such as Jim McKenzie,kept hishorse in the vacant block(s) next door and could enjoy aride north orwest for miles. Happy Valley, North Essendon and Cow Dung Flats were country land,not suburbia, and were to remain so until Arthur Caldwell's immigration policy and the housing commissions purchase of land at Broadmeadows had such an impact in the 1950's.

Agistment of horses was usually the last farm use in the area before urbanisation took over completely. (This was the situation at Gowanbrae at the time this book was written.) In the early days, hay-growing, dairying and sometimes sheep grazing and breeding of draught horses (which were the trucks and tractors of those times) took precedence,but from the 1940's, the agistment of horses and poultry farming, which could be carried out on smaller parcels of land, became more common. (Postscript. Pig farming on Box Forest (Hadfield)was quite common because it had been subdivided among John Pascoe Fawkner's land co-op members in 1850 with blocks later being consolidated into small farms of sufficient size, but swine fever struck and Stephen Peachey moved to a 6.5 acre dairy farm, now Boyse Court, at Tullamarine in about 1920.)

During the 1970's roads became more crowded and sadly,too dangerous for the horse-drawn milk cart,a romantic relic of a fast-disappearing way of life where hay was the fuel and horsepower meant just that! Now instead of using the "exhaust" as garden fertiliser*, we measure the toxic lead content. (*Keen gardeners used to follow the milk cart!)

FLEET ELECTRICS.
Probably the pioneers of secondary industry in the Pascoe Vale/Strathmore area, this firm which manufactured electric ovens, had its premises at the corner of Woodlands Avenue and Pascoe Vale Rd before W.W.2.

COBURG COUNCIL QUARRY.
Like many of his fellow returned servicemen, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life, and after continuing his service until 1947 as a member of the occupation forces in Japan, he optedfor an outdoor job which better suited his restless spirit. He worked at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd, which later....

PAGE 12.
...became the Coburg Drive-In Theatre. (Melway 17 J-K6, east of Parker Reserve.)

BREAKING HORSES AND TRAINING TROTTERS.
Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses, up to nine at a time. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings ($3) each at South Melbourne and lead them along Spencer St (Abbotsford St etc) to Flemington Bridge from which he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St (Melway 29 C 10-11.)

Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing Jim and his dad from their jinker. (P.S.It was customary to lead horses being transported from a vehicle. It was dangerous to wind the lead around one's wrist because if the horse was spooked the person holding it could be jerked out of the jinker, but disregarding a warning about this actually saved young Hill's life at Bertram's Ford near Keilor in 1906, while his young mate,William John Mansfield and his namesake father both perished.)

After horses were broken they would be sold for two pounds and as horse-ownership was very common,the turnover in this sideline was very brisk.

After the war,Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracksat Westbreen, Happy Valley and along the narrow Hume Highway to train trotters and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel. This story illustrates the change in truck speed and the nature of traffic. When the mobile barrier was introduced in trotting,Jim would move up behind and just to the left of a slow-moving truck on the Hume Highway. He would follow for some distance and then take off passing the truck. Imagine trying that trick with a Kenworth or on the Hume Highway today! Another training venue was near the dog track and cycling track at Strathmore.

STRATHMORE DIDN'T EXIST (1940.)
Jim and his mates would ride from Pascoe Vale to Bulla Rd near Dodd Lane's in Dublin Avenue and see only a handful of houses such as Barrett's dairy, Theodore Napier's Magdala (WRONG, BURNT DOWN IN 1927), Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St(where Harry Huntington Peck was probably busy writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and Lebanon, built by John Murray Peck in 1882 and owned (in 1990) by boxing writer,Jack Oates. As well as being lovely grassy hills,the area over which Jim and Co.rode was known as North Essendon. The same name was applied to the Strathmore Station. So in 1940, there was no semblance of the suburb that exists today but it bore a different name.
(Postscript. From Wikipedia entry for Strathmore.
Brewster subdivided and sold 100 acres (400,000 m) of land to Thomas Napier, who occupied the land and left a lasting legacy to the area the origin of its name. The area of Strathmore was originally called North Essendon. The name of "Strathmore" was first suggested by the Rev. John Sinclair in 1936 and was initially adopted by the church. The name was derived from Thomas Napier's Scottish heritage, the Valley of Strathmore, Scotland close to where he once lived. The name was submitted to Essendon Council in 1943. In 1955 the Victorian Railways changed the name of the station from North Essendon to Strathmore.)

Near the eastern end of Mascoma St,Randalls, a real estate firm, were selling blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds,while the Mills lived over the road on the south side and further west lived Mr Flood,the local policeman,and his wife near where the Strathmore North school would be built two decades later. Another...

PAGE 13.
...policeman,Mr James, and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd,Miss Roberts* owned the land between Cook's Homestead and the garage to the south.George Farmer and Strang'sGarage were near the Cross Keys. George trained trotters which were driven by his son-in-law,Jack Ironsidel, the local postie.
(*Miss Roberts was almost certainly related to the Pecks, formerly of Lebanon. John Murray Peck married Louisa Ellen Roberts, both being buried in a recently restored grave at the historic Will Will Rook cemetery alongside Sarah Swinbourne Roberts who died at Lebanon on 31-1-1916, twelve years before Louisa.)

The Tullamarine Progress Association report of 1926 on a proposal, supported by the Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires, to relocate the Newmarket saleyards to a 6 700 acre site incorporating all the land between Spence St Keilor Park/Essendon Aerodrome and Grants Rd (near Melbourne Airport)stated: "With the exception of a small area in the south east corner which has been cut up into building blocks, the land is used for hay growing and dairying. If the proposal had gone ahead,much of Strathmore Heights would not exist.

Jim McKenzie recalls travelling with his mates to Sunbury in a covered wagon to spend weekends rabbiting and catching fish at Rupertwood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy (formerly Camp Hill) was the most prominent feature near the west end of the track in 1940, and still so when Jim and Peggy McKenzie moved into their Tasman Avenue home in 1970. The narrow bridge on Bulla Rd between Strathmore Heights and Gowanbrae had stood since the Albion-Jacana line was built in 1928 and would have been used by the covered wagon circa 1940, but only its footings remain. The trestle bridge, a landmark of the area, still performs its original function.

HALF HOUSES.
When Arthur Caldwell's plan for immigration on a huge scale was adopted, there was a dual motivation. During the war, Australia had most of its armed forces in Europe or the Middle East and when Japan...

PAGE 14.
...made its thrust toward our shores, Australia's population could not furnish another force to defend itself. Luckily for us,the Japanese had blitzed Pearl Harbour forcing the U.S.A to enter the conflict. With the most forceful argument,the Prime Minister, John Curtin obtained the release of some of our troops from other theatres of war. Also, cutting the umbilical cord that had linked us to the old country,he unreservedly pleaded for American help-which came in the shape of the flamboyant General MacArthur. Although the Government was prepared to abandon the area north of the Brisbane Line, fierce resistance by the Aussie troops in New Guinea (with more help from the fuzzy wuzzy angels than the green American soldiers)and a great victory from the U.S.Navy in the Coral Sea saved our bacon. This period of peril, however,served to force a realisation that our population had to be increased dramatically.

The second motivation was humanitarian,to assist the vast number of displaced persons whose peasant farms, houses and even whole suburbs or villages had been destroyed during the war. Many of these were temporarily housed at the army camp at Broadmeadows, resulting of many schools in that vicinity in a few short years.

Jim McKenzie said that a combination of the huge demand for housing and the lack of building materials forced councils to relax their building standards. Many half-houses were built and it wasnot until the situation had eased that completion of these structures was demanded. These new residents tended to congregate in areas such as St Albans and Fawkner but Jim remembers seeing half houses in most developing suburbs.

PEACHEY-KELLY TOWN.
This was what most locals called Westbreen despite District Inspector, Davies' suggestion of the latter for State School 4158. Residents of Westbreen apart from the Peacheys and Kellys were the Toys, Marshalls,Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residentshad other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners of these vacant blocks didn't mind as it kept the grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall, which was near her house. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip and a shilling to get into the dance.

PAGE 15.
COONAN'S HILL.
This area,near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Pde was the venue for training trotters and there were market gardens, most of which were run by Chinese. Reynolds Pde and other streets nearby were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES.
Surprisingly,even in the 1950's, there were still many of these establishments. The car had not yet become dominant,even in such long-established areas such as Ascot Vale and Essendon and more so in the country area north of Woodland St/Ave.

FIRST SELF SERVICE STORE.
To Jim's knowledge, Harry Shell's self service grocery on the corner of Bell St and York St was one of the first,and possibly the first, shop of this type.

NON SWIMMERS.
When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St was opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded as superhuman beings. Raised in Port Melbourne near the beach,the McKenzie boys thought that their ability to swim was normal but the awe in which they were held made them realise that few of the local children could swim.

GOATS (NO KIDDING.)
Sorry about the pun! Goat farms were common in the area and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm occupied the area bounded by Dawson St and Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rds.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH.
The Napier Park dog track was situated on the high school site with the board track nearer the Strathmore overpass site. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these sporting venues,and tethering their mounts,would settle down on the grassy slopes to watch the greyhounds or cycling heroes such as Sid Patterson.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND.aN ISLAND IN THE CREEK WITHIN THE HIGH SCHOOL GROUNDS WASREMOVED WHEN THE COURSE OF THE CREEK WAS STRAIGHTENED An island in the creek within the high school site was removed when the creek was straightened and concreted to allow construction of the freeway in the 1960's. The island was flood-prone and there was concern for the safety of...

PAGE 16.
...a lady who lived on it when ever the water level started to rise,as it did so rapidly. West of this island was a goat farm.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE.

by itellya on 2014-04-11 09:16:10

Much of my history cannot be reproduced as journals, because without the many maps etc., a lot of the text is meaningless. A copy of the handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS would have been provided to at least one library but may be difficult to locate, and as it consists chiefly of yarns,it will lose little as a journal.

INDEX.
aborigines 8, 41; accidents 24; "Ailsa" 41; airports 1A,13; "Aldersyde" 55; Anderson J. 3; architects 40; "Ardmillan" 40,41; Ashurst H.G. 30, 44; "Ashleigh" 19,52;Attwood J. 43.

Balsh 5; Barber G.P. and Eleanor 1C, 3, 33, 35; Barber Irene and Dr.N.C. 4, 33; Barrett's dairy 12, ?; Batman John. 19;"Bayview Farm" 50,51,52; Belle Vue 2,3,7,30-1,38,49,55; Belle Vue Heights Estate 4;Boundary Hotel 5; Bourke H. 4; Bowring J.3,55,56; Box Forest 5, 49, 55: Bradshaw 5; Breen Miss 6; Brewster E.J. 1B,1c,32,33, 37,39,44; brick kilns 35,48; Brickmakers' Arms Hotel 48; Brisbane J. 3,44; Brisbane Line 14; Broadmeadows Shire- 2,6,43,48; Broadmeadows Township 18,51; Brooks, Sir Dallas 9; Bryant R. 56; Buckley Capt. 41; Buckley Wm. 28;
building materials 10,19; Bulla Rd 1,2,3; Bulla Shire 43; Burkitt F.A. 55; Burns J. 30,44; Butler E.30; Buzzard-34, 37; Byron Vale Estate 4,38,39,47,52.

cable trams 10,22; Caldwell,Arthur 11,13; Callaghan 2,44; Cameron 6,7,8,51,54; Campbell 7; "Camp Hill" 13; Carnarvon Rd 1B,2,3,4,46; Carr H. 3; cars 10,11,19,26; Cavenagh 5; Chalmers W. 5; Chance R.2; Chapman J.55;
Chicken Farm Lane 19,21; Chinese 15,29; Chisholm F.. 19; Clarke W.J.T.(Big) 33; Cobb & Co. 16, 37; Cobb,Eliza-(see Fawkner); Coburg 6,8,9,10,11,26;Cochrane 50,52,54; Cockerell 14;Coghill D. 43,50; Collins,David 28;Connor,Gordon 1A,42; Cook,Albert 10,13,16,18;Cooke, Bernard James 2,3; Coonan's Hill 1015;cows 9,10,11; Craven A.W. 39; Cross Keys 13;Crotty 20; "Cumberland" 42-3,50;Currie 1C, Curry,Frank 10,20; Curtin John 14; cycling track 9,15.

"Dalkeith" 20;Dalton Miss 54; Davies (District Inspector) 6,14;Davies family 55;Deakin,Alfred 42; Deep Creek Road 3; Delaney M. 3; depressions 10,23,47; Doutta Galla parish 1A,1C,2,13; "Dundonald" 43,50,51; Dunn, Thomas 34.

Earle 40; Earlsbrae 2,41; education 5-9; English Joseph and John 3,4,30,49,55-6;Essendon Aerodrome 1A,13; Essendon(borough etc)2,37,40,48,52; Essendon Football Club 4,24,37,41,42; Essendon Hill Estate 4; Essendon schools 8,9.

Farmer G.13; farming types 11,14,47,52; Fawkner (suburb)5,7,9; Fawkner J.P.,John,Eliza 1A,2,5,6,8,28-31,40,55,56; Fenby 24;Ferris C. 3,49; Five Mile Creek 5; Fleet Electrics 10,11; Fletcher W.38; footy 4,26,37, 41-3; Foster J.F.L. 48; Fox M.3.

Gaffney St. 6,10,24; games 10,19,25; Gellibrand Hill Park (now Woodlands Historic Park) 43,46; Gibb A. 8,48,50; Gibson A.E. 55; Gibson G. 4; Glassen 24; Glendura (sic,Glendewar)43; Glenroy (suburb, farm)6-9, 50-53; goats- 9,10,15,16; "Gowanbrae" 13; "Gowrie Park" 7,8,41,48; Goyder F. 5,56; "Green Gables" 10,17,18,44; greyhounds 9; Grimes,Charles 28; Gumm Jemmy 28.

Hadfield 8,55; Hadfield Cr.R.5; half-houses 13,16,19; Hall (Pascoe Vale newsagent) 24; Hall John 1B,1C, 2,3; Hammond J.S.H. 4,45; Happy Valley 10,11,12, 21; Harrison 5; Hawkins W.J. 3, 56; hay and corn stores 10,11,15; Hayes 4, 45; Henderson's Paddock 8; Heron 49; "Hiawatha" 18,36,38,39; "Hilton" 52; Hodgson 1C,3,44; Holland P. 44; horses 8-12,15,42; hospitals 8,52; Hounslow J. 2; house on the island 9,10,15; Howse J. 1A,4; Hudson 1C,4; Hume Highway 12.

Influenza 8; Ingles J. 48; Ingram R. (teacher)6; Ironsidel J. 13.

J.Oops,I skipped a letter when compiling the index. Samuel Jackson would certainly be one of the missing names.
I'll try to remedy this later.

Kearney 2; Kelly 14; Kelly J.S. 4;Kerferd St. 1B; Kennedy D. & D. 50-55; Kernan J.Snr.(died 1879) 2,3,39, 44-5; Kernan family 4, 30, 34,44-5,55; Kerr Family 50-54; Kilburn 34, 47; ; Kirk's Bazaar 10,17, 39; Knight2,3,49,56; Korman 31.

Land prices 10,12,17,19,29,30,33,37,41,47,52,55; Lane,Dodd 10,12,19; Lane J. 8; "Langdale" 55; "La Rose" 40; "Lebanon" 1C,4,12,13,16,17,18,36-8, 39,45,47; Lewis R. 7,48; Lincoln Rd 3,4,46; Lind 4, 38; Lloyd, George 3,8,17,19; Loeman, Michael 39; Logan,Shaw 10,18-20,52; Lowther Hall 2,18,41; Lyons 1C, 3,4.

McAinch W. 54; McCord J.39,46-7;McCracken Alex and Mary E. 4,36,8,40-43, 45; McCracken family 2,40,41,49; McCrae Dr.F. 40; McCulloch,William 8,50,52,54,55; McDougall Robert 3,53,54; McGowery 14;McLachlan L. 2,44;McMarlin 5; McMurchison 5; McNamara 2,32; McPhail D. 40,48; "Magdala" 4,12,33,35-6; Maribyrnong 12,44; market gardens etc. 10,15,47; Marnell 5; Marshall 14; "Meadowbank" 8,48; Melbourne history 120; Mercy College 41; "Merai Farm" 30,44,55; migrants 6,11,14; milk 10,20; Mills family 12; Mills A. 48; Mills W.48; Moonee Ponds Creek 9; Morby/Mawbey J. 2; Morgan family (Pascoe Vale) 3,49,56; Morgan ("Niddrie") 32; "Mt Sabine" 6; Murphy, Bridget 2,Murray, William 3,55.

Napier Park 36; Napier Park dog track 9,15; Napier,Theodore 1C, 3,4, 12,33-6,45,48,56; Napier,Thomas 1C,2,3,6, 32-5; Nicholson 24; "Niddrie" 1C,5,7,32; Nixon J. 3, 47; Noonan P. 54; Norfolk Rd 6; North Essendon , 11-13; "North Park" 40-43,48.

Oaklands Hunt Club 43; Oak Park 7,9,56; Oates J. 12, 17; O'Brien E.(teacher) 6; Ormond Rd (Ascot Vale) 2; O'Shea (mechanic) 19.

parishes 1B; Pascoe 5; Pascoe, Hannah 28; PascoeVale Estate4; PascoeVale Rd 2,9; Pascoe Valeschools 5,7,9; Pascoe Vale shops 24; Pasture Hill farm 50,51,53,54; Peachey family 5,6,14,49,55; Peachey-Kelly Town 10,14; Pearson 52; Peck family 1C,3,4,13,16,36-9,42,47; Peck Ave. 2,5,10,27,39; Peucker 24; Pike,Jim 10,21; Pines the
3,49,56; Plunkett 14; Port Phillip Farmers' Society 40; poultry 9; Pow J.K. 2; prisoners 10,17,24,28,29.

Randall 12; rationing 10,26;Reddish 55; Red Rooster 10,16,18,49; returned servicemen 10,1?;Richards 5; Roberts 13,36; Robertson A. 2,56; Robertson James (three!)7,8,40,41,48; Robinson T.B.C. 7-8,48; rodeos 10; "Rosebank" 1C,4,33-4; "Roseneath" 33; Rowe, Archie 24; Rutherford 13; Ruthven 7.

saleyards 13; Salmon,William 4; "Sawbridgeworth" 52-3; schools 5-9,34; Scott J.3; Shaw J.W. 3; shops 10,15,24; Sinclair D. 40; slaughteryard 1A; Smith A. 3; Smith,James 2; Smith John 5,37; Smith, William 2,30,35,42,49; Somerton 44-5; Somerville, Townshend 2,3,34; South Wait (Sic, Southwaite)1A; Stephenson H.("Niddrie") 1C,3,7,8,32; "St John's" 1A,1C,29; Standen 55; Stoffers 5;Strange's garage 13; Stranks T. 54; Strathmore Heights 1A,1B,1C,10,13; Strathmore overpass 9; Strathmore (name) 5,6,10,12, 34,46; strathmore schools 6-10,12; SunriseEstate 4; swing bridge 10,16.

Tasma Theatre10,16; Taylor A.C. 1A,1C,3; Taylor J. 5;Thackerill 24; TerminusEstate 4; Thompson E.J. 45; Tomkinson 14; Toy,Alma 14;transport 10-14,19-2226-7,41; Travellers' Rest Hotel 1A; Trennear 4,45; "Trinifour" 41; Tucker, George 2,44; Tullamarine Freeway 7,9,15?, Tullamarine parish 13, Tullamarine Progress Association 13; two-up 10,20.

Urquhart 2; U.S.A. 3,16,36,39.

V.F.L. 4,24,37,41,43; videotape 10,18.

Walker Mrs A. 4; Walker T. 7; war 10,13-14,17; Watson J. 30; Watt,John and Annie 53-4;"Waverley" 55;way of life 10,21-3; Welsh 44; Westbreen 6,10,12,14,55; Weston 6; White M.S. 4; Wilkie 5; Williams,Colin 42; Williams W. 1B,2; Wilson 14; Will Will Rook Cemetery 3,36,38,48; Will Will Rook parish 1C,5,8,43,53; Willy 4; Wiseman family 19,52-4; Wood E. 4; Woodland St 2,4,33; "Woodlands" (Bulla) 43; Woolley 24; Wright E. 2.

Young, Charles 2; Young Queen Inn 30,49,46; Young,Thomas 2,54,55; Yuroke 44.

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KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS. Started in mid 1990, which explains mistakes such as "Glendura"-the way I had heard it pronounced. Text will be transcribed verbatim,warts and all, but comments will be added in italics.
Foreword.
This history is like a diary. It traces my growth of knowledge about Strathmore and the land to the east and west of Pascoe Vale Rd from a stage where I knew little about its history. If some of my statements earlier in the book seem to carry little authority,if wrong assumptions are made and later corrected,if footnote numbers are in the wrong order, while they may cause some difficulties to the reader,hopefully they will convey the sense of adventure experienced by the historian and enable you to share in the excitement of a new discovery, an assumption confirmed and so on. Thus,with warts and all,here is my history.

CONTENTS.
P.1A. A documentary history of Strathmore including rate records and parish maps.
P. 5. Excerpts from "Vision and Realisation" (Education Department centenary history,1972.)
P.10. 1930-1955. Based on a videotaped interview with Jim and Peggy McKenzie.
P.28. Pioneers and their properties (several sources.)
P.48. Pioneers in "Victoria and its Metropolis" (1888.)
P.50. Glenroy (Glenroy, Jacana and Glenroy West.)
P.55. South of Glenroy Farm. Whatever happened to "Belle Vue"?

MAIN SOURCES.
1.BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY,Andrew Lemon.
2. THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED. (City of Essendon),Grant Aldous.
3. VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS,PAST AND PRESENT (1888),Alexander Sutherland.
4. THE GOLD THE BLUE (History of Lowrher Hall school),A.D.Pyke.
5. ESSENDON CONSERVATION STUDY,Graeme Butler.
6. VISION AND REALISATION. (1972 centenary history of the education department.)
7. THE OAKLANDS HUNT. D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.
8. LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER. C.P.Billot.
9. POST OFFICE DIRECTORIES.
10.RATE BOOKS (BULLA,BROADMEADOWS,KEILOR).
11. GEORGIANA'S JOURNAL.McCrae.
12. PARISH MAPS (DOUTTA GALLA,JIKA JIKA, TULLAMARINE, BULLA,YUROKE.)

My thanks to Jenny Shugg at Gladstone Park High School library for enthusiastic assistance.

Page 1A.
Just as I found when interviewing old timers about Tullamarine's history, it is impossible to limit a localhistory to any specific area. For social or work reasons,people were dependent on,and travelled through, nearby settlementsand farmland While my original intention was to write a history of Strathmore, so much of Pascoe Vale,Hadfield and even Coburg has been introduced that a change of title was needed. The oral history supplied by Jim and Peggy McKenzie covers an area with a radius of about three miles from Pascoe Vale Primary School.

A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF STRATHMORE.
See comment 1 about maps and the attachment.
As can be seen from the maps where part of the parish of Doutta Galla is superimposed on current (1990) Melway maps, Strathmore consisted of the eastern half of section 16, most of section 23 and all of section 15.

Grant Aldous states in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED that the area first occupied by the Essendon aerodrome was known at that time (1921) as St Johns*. This name comes from George Frederick Berkeley St John,the grantee of the 525 acre section 23. St Johns only fronted the part of Bulla Rd now known as Wirraway Rd with John Hall's "Southwaite" fronting the road north to the boundary with the parish of Tullamarine (the line of Sharps Rd.)Southwaite was later farmed by John B.Howse who had a slaughteryard there. The Howse family also operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel (bounded by Dromana Ave, Matthews Ave and Louis St and including Rood St) which burnt down in 1899.
*In an Oaklands Hunt report,it was once wrongly called St John's Hill, the name of Brannigan's farm many miles to the north.

Gordon Connor told me about Jack Howse's slaughteryard and as a young lad heading up to help with the harvest at his grandmother's farm was also impressed by how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were; this was due to Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. In 1920,A.C.Taylor had the western 290 acres of St Johns.

St John, a police magistrate and commissioner of crown lands for the county of Bourke was accused of taking bribes by John Pascoe Fawkner of Belle Vue Park (across the creek from St John's grant.)Fawkner was sued for libel but had the satisfaction of seeing St John resign both positions and depart for England in disgrace.

PAGE 1B.
The map shows four parishes. Doutta Galla and Tullamarine were west of the Moonee Ponds Creek being respectively south and north of the line of Sharps Rd. Jike Jika and Will Will Rook were east of the creek and respectively south and north of (roughly) VictoriaSt/Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd. Grantees may be found from the parish maps. (e.g. Jika Jika,COUNTY OF BOURKE; the parish name followed by the words in capitals.)

The diamond-like subdivision of section 16 (see attachment) accounts for the angle of Kerferd St and the bends in the avenues between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd. The part east of Bulla Rd that became part of the Shire of Broadmeadows,was alienated in 1862 and the part to the west (shire of Keilor) was alienated in 1865.

My map shows grantees in the various parishes except that Donald and Duncan Kennedy's partitioning of the Glenroy Estate (sections 1 and 6,Will Will Rook) is shown rather than the names of speculator grantees,Hughes and Hosking. Thomas Napier,usually associated with today's Strathmore, was the grantee of 17B, Doutta Galla,which was named "Niddrie" by its next owner, Henry Stephenson,who also occupied the western,300 acre portion of section 23,Doutta Galla.
Surnames mentioned re page 1B in the index are as follow:
Parish of Tullamarine- Foster, Kenny.
Parish of Doutta Galla-Foster,Hall, Fawkner,Purnell,St John, Wright,Crichton,Connor,Phelan,Napier,Nicholson, Mairs*,Anderson,Mansfield,Williams,Cooke,Brewster.
Parish of Will Will Rook-Kennedy.
Parish of Jika Jika-Fawkner.
(*David Mairs, pioneer of the parish of Blackwood and then the parish of Bittern, about whom I have written a journal.)

Page 1C.
This page is mainly a composite Melway map on which details of current ownership (in sections 15,16 and 23)from an UNDATED Doutta Gallaparish map are superimposed. The parish map is wrong in regard to details concerning John Hall's "Southwaite" and "St John's". John Hall's 100 acre property (22B and D) is shown as being partly on St John's (section 23) but Stevenson (300 acres) and Hodgson (225 acres) fully account for the 525 acres of section 23.

This does not mean that other details are incorrect but they should not be taken as gospel.

John Hall's Southwaite was actually west of the line of Vickers Ave.
The boundary of Stephenson's and Hodgson's portions of section 23,both of which fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek,was not a straight north south line but a chevron heading south west from the creek and then south east,(e.g.<). I believe I have a map in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA on which the boundary had been plotted from descriptions in title documents. This and other information will be made available to any researchers whose ancestors, such as Mawbey and Sir John Franklin, were involved in section 23. Hodgson's 225 acres were previously occupied by Robert McDougall of "Arundel" near Keilor,accounting for Harry Peck's description of Stephenson and McDougall as (unneighbourly) neighbours.

No owners of section 16 land are shown on the Keilor Shire (west)side of Bulla Rd so this version of the parish map was probably produced by the Shire of Broadmeadows some time after the death of Thomas Napier (as indicated by Napier and Barber in section 15.) On the east side of Bulla Rd Hudson is shown as the owner of Essendon airport land north of the Tullamarine Freeway. As this would have adjoined John Murray Peck's "Lebanon", I presume Hudson was William Hudson of Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion (35-9 Ardmillan Rd,Moonee Ponds if I remember correctly) and Hudson's Paddock bounded by Mantell,Derby,George Sts(roughly)and Ardmillan Rd. Hudson was one of the partners in the stock and station firm of Hudson, Peck and Raynor until John Murray Peck left to form a new partnership with his son, Harry Huntington Peck (author of MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.)

Cam Taylor,later to own the western part of St John's,owned the western half of the chevron between First and Balmoral Avenues while Lyons owned the eastern half,fronting Carnarvon Rd. (One of these blocks,both bisected by Dublin Ave., may have later been owned by Dodd Lane!)

Section 15 west of Pascoe Vale Rd is shown as being owned by four people.Napier and Barber are shown as the owners of the land between Woodland St and a line indicated by the Lloyd/York St midline (the northern boundary of Theodore Napier's "Magdala") and the bends in Glenview Rd, Bournian and Collegian Avenues and Hillsyde Pde(the northern boundary of George Page Barber's "Rosebank".)Barber, one of Melbourne's early lawyers, had married Thomas Napier's daughter, and they lived for many years in Warrnambool, where George continued his legal career, until her father's death. Theodore had been given the western part much earlier and had built Magdala which survived until 1927 when it was destroyed by fire. (I believe the occupants at the time are named later in the book.)Barber built the present historic"Rosebank" mansion not far from the site of Thomas Napier's original house.

Most of the northern portion was owned by John Kernan (probably his estate)of Merai Farm. Its western boundary is indicated by the line of Esmail St continued south to Magdala's northern boundary. To the west, Hudson had part of section 15, adjoining his section 16 land at Lincoln (Carnarvon/Arvon)Rd. Hodgson probably sold his land to John English who claimed title to St John Franklin's northernmost 12 acres of section 15 due to adverse possession, John Murray Peck having occupied it since 1882 when he moved into "Lebanon".
(Google SIR JOHN FRANKLIN'S 12 ACRES.)

Barber's land,called "Rosehill",boasted a mansion with a nett annual valuation of 200 pounds in the Broadmeadows Shire assessments in 1900. A normal house would have a N.A.V.of about 10 pounds. Almost opposite was Alexander McCracken's North Park mansion in the municipality of Essendon. As in the case of John Kerr's "Kerrsland" near the north end of the Glenroy Estate,these two houses were the result of Presbyterian pioneers but were saved from decay by the Roman Catholic Church.

N.B. Pages 1A, 1B and 1C have involved a complete rewrite because of a need to describe map details and extra information gathered in the 23 years since this book was written.

PAGE 2.(Sentence continued from 1A.)
It is unlikely that St John lived on section 23 but if he had,there would have been few neighbourly words exchanged across the Moonee Ponds Creek with the owner of Belle Vue Park, John Pascoe Fawkner.*

*St. John v. Fawkner.
IT is proposed to raise the amount of the expenses incurred by the Defendant in the above action, in exposing the system of Bribery and Corruption carried on on by an officer of the Government. Subscriptions will he received at this office.Argus Office,11th December, 1848.(P.3, Argus, 20-2-1849.)

Details about the three maps,which has already been given.

The area north of Woodland St was until recently (1979) in the Shire/City of Broadmeadows whose ratepayers give further information about that undulating land which today bears the name of STRATHMORE. Bernard J. Cooke, whose land was west of Bulla Rd, was deeply involved in the early years of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and, as Grant Aldous relates in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED,he was involved in a dispute with Peter McCracken over a seat on council.

John Thomas Smith,who had land between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd was known to bribe voters with free oranges, according to Aldous. It is likely that these were grown on his section 16 grant rather than near Fenton St,Ascot Vale where he built Ascot House; Dr Harbinson's grant just across Bulla Rd contains a street called Orange Grove and a Keilor history mentions the Northern Ireland medico's oranges.

1863. William Smith (much of Lebanon); John Kernan; Lawrence McLachlan (leasing from Kernan); Pat Callaghan; Bridget Murphy (leasing from Callaghan); Samuel Jackson (see Victoria and its Metropolis); John Kent Pow; Thomas Napier; Patrick MCNamara (leasing from Napier and Urquhart); Alexander Kearney (leasing much of the north eastern quarter of section 16 from the grantee,W.Williams);Alexander Robertson; J.T.Smith; B.J.Cooke; Thomas Young; James Smith; John Morby (sic); John Hall;Townshend Somerville (leased from grantee,R.Chance, 14 acres fronting Woodland St, Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd.)
Across the Moonee Ponds Creek in today's Oak Park were J.P.Fawkner; James Hownslow; George Knight; George Tucker*; William Smith (old Young Queen Inn); and Charles Young*.
* Ratepayers were listed geographically so it is assumed that Tucker and Charles Young were on Fawkner's Jika Jika grant with the others whose locations are known.


PAGE 3.
1880.
Edward Wright (leased from J.B.(sic)Cooke,land near Essendon); James G.Brisbane (leased from Kernan, Doutta Galla); Hugh* Peck, house and 34 acres,PascoeVale,i.e. Lebanon; John Hall,house and 115 acres,Doutta Galla, i.e Southwaite; Josph Nixon (leasing from Sam Jackson);Samuel Jackson; Thomas Kelly Land, Essendon Division (section 16); Robert McDougall**,200 acres,Doutta Galla; Mrs Thomas Napier,80 acres,Doutta Galla;Theodore Napier 20 acres,Doutta Galla; Joseph Nixon (leased from Kilburn,100 acres, Doutta Galla; Townshend Somerville, land,Doutta Galla; H. Stevenson**,land,Doutta Galla (the western 300 acresof St Johns.)
The following were all described as being at Pascoe Vale,meaning today's Oak Park,north of the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Joseph Bowring 100 acres; Frank Goyder (publican and racing identity, leasing 100 acres from John English); William Jones 20 acres (probably including the former Young Queen Inn paddock); John Kernan,210 acres,i.e.Merai Farm; Mary Knight 150 acres; Mrs.W.Murray,house and 77 acres; Frederick Morgan,40 acres,i.e.The Pines (Fred married Helen Maria Knight.)

*This was Lebanon and Hugh Peck, a money broker and land agent FROM ENGLAND seems to be totally unrelated to John Murray Peck (from New Hampshire U.S.A.) I assume that William Smith had lost his grant or mortgaged it.
**Thus Harry Peck's description of the shorthorn breeders being neighbours.

1900.
James Anderson, Essendon Hill (section 16,leased from Lockwood); Eleanor Barber (Thomas Napier's daughter), 22 acres "Rosehill"; George Barber,gentleman,Rosehill mansion and land,N.A.V. 200 POUNDS; Alexander Robertson, 200 acres Doutta Galla,leased from Hodgson executors; Henry Carr,44 acres Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd; Charles Ferris 18 acres,Pascoe Vale,leased from (Land Mutual?) Bank; Michael Fox, land Essendon Hill; John Kernan, villa and 120 acres leased from Hodgson, house and land,Pascoe Vale,leased from Napier; Martin Delaney,contractor, 20 acres LINCOLN RD*,leased from Lyons; John Scott,20 acres Pascoe Vale leased from T.Napier; Alfred Smith,dairyman,land Essendon Hill;Stevenson Brothers, 310 acres, Deep Creek Rd;William J.Hawkins, butcher, 134 acres Pascoe Vale.

The use of the original name for Bulla Rd is strange. *Carnarvon Rd was called Lincoln Rd.


PAGE 4.
1920.
Bulla Rd (east side.) John B.Howse (leasing from Hall)house and 100 acres,i.e. Southwaite; A.C.Taylor ;,house and 290 acres (Stephenson's former western portion of section 23); John S.Kelly 4 blocks totalling 179 acres and 2 houses; Edward Wood, house and 14 acres (see Townshend Somerville in 1863);

Lincoln Rd(Carnarvon Rd.)Thomas Lyons 20 acres; Harriet Bourke house and 31 acres; Sunrise Estate 29 acres; Irene Barber 71 acres;

Woodland St (north side.) Theodore Napier, house and 33 acres "Magdala";Harry Hudson, house and land; Michael S.White, house and (39?)acres; Mrs A. Walker, 20 acres leased from Willy on creek; William Salmon house and 140 acres. (Salmon actually lived in "Roseneath" (on the Essendon side of Woodland St)built by David Duncan and the death place of Big Clarke and donated Salmon Reserve, through which Five Mile Creek ran,to the council.)

Byron Vale Estate. Harry H. and Richard Peck 43 acres; GeorgeGibson,N.S.W.,5 acres; Ralph Lind,inspector,house and land.

Pascoe Vale Rd.(SOUTH OF BRIDGE.)
John Kernan house and 21 acres; John N.S.Hammond 4 acres; David Hayes 6 acres; John Trennear house and 3.5 acres; Mrs M.McCracken* house and land leased from Mrs L.Peck; Mrs Louisa Ellen Peck house and 38 acres, "Lebanon"; J.M.English** 200.5 acres; Emily Lind land.
(*The house was almost certainly Wannaeue, later occupied by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary,Albert Cook (after the new shire hall was built near the station in 1928)thus acquiring the nickname of Cook's Cottage.It was demolished without a permit and Red Rooster near the pedestrian bridge now occupies the site. John Murray Peck was dead and his English-born wife had Lebanon. Their daughter Mary, who had married Alexander McCracken, was also a widow and had left the North Park mansion in Woodland St to live in "Wannaeue" near her mother and her brother ,Harry, who lived in "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.)
(**English has taken over Hodgson's 200 acre eastern portion of section 23.)

The lads returning from W.W.1 were eager to marry the sweethearts who had waited for them,prompting a resurgence of subdivisions as had happened in the boom before the 1890's bust.The 1930's depression put an end
to this second boom with the result that Jim McKenzie and his mates could ride over empty paddocks to Dodd Lane's place in Dublin Ave. Lack of building materials because of W.W.2 further delayed house construction with half-houses and concrete tiles a sign of the times.

Subdivisions in 1920 and people associated with them were as below:
PASCOE VALE ESTATE Mrs Emily Lind (Lind,Vernon,Hood and Lincoln Sts.)
ESSENDON HILL ESTATE Mrs Sarah and Samuel Davidson.
SUNRISE ESTATE Mrs M. and Frank Callaghan.
TERMINUS ESTATE Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.)
BELLEVUE HEIGHTS ESTATE Sold by W.R.Blair and Sons.
ROSEBANK ESTATE Norman Charles Barber M.D.

It looks as if suburbia has arrived. And yet in the days of the second world war,youngsters such as Jim McKenzie could ride over the Napier St area and pass only a few houses.

PAGE 5.
Apart from the oral history of Jim and Peggy McKenzie,the suburban development of the area,and more distant history can be gleaned from the pages of VISION AND REALISATION,the centenary publication of the Victorian Education Department (1972.) Each school's history was written by a staff member and not everything can be taken as gospel. For example the Gladstone Park school is described as being in the parish of Doutta Galla (south of Sharps Rd!)and Niddrie Primary School was said to be on Niddrie Farm (17A Doutta Galla)when it was actually on 17B (Spring Farm.)

Strathmore is said to have come from the name of a valley near which Thomas Napier had lived in Scotland. The area and the Strathmore station were originally called North Essendon, a name that persisted near Bulla Rd.

SCHOOLS IN THE THREE MILE RADIUS (OF PASCOE VALE STATE SCHOOL.)-SUMMARIES.
(Closure of schools and half-time schools,where each operated for half the school day with a teacher travelling from one to the other,often across swollen creeks, during his lunch break were consequences of the 1890's depression which started to bite in 1892. The Government was almost broke. VISION AND REALISATION should be available from municipal libraries and any school operating in 1972 and still open. Summaries for schools outside the area of investigation are much briefer than those within it.)

S.S.47 FAWKNER (BOX FOREST.)
A non-vested school established by the C.of E. on 20-11-1854 with Walter Chalmers as H.T. and an average attendance of 9. Under the department a site was purchased in Oct. 1874 and a wooden schoolhouse was built to accommodate 72 pupils. It closed in 1892.
(Some Box Forest families in 1949 were Bradshaw,McMarlin,Marnell,Turner,Wilkie,Balsh and McMurchison.(P.O. directory.)By 1880,the Cavenagh, Harrison, Jukes, Jones, Pascoe, Peachey,Richards, Stoffers (Boundary Hotel?),Smith and Taylor families were assessed by Broadmeadows Shire. Box Forest was section 2 of the parish of Will Will Rook purchased from the crown by John Pascoe Fawkner in March 1850 on behalf of contributors to his land co-operative.It was officially renamed in honour of Cr Rupert Hadfield of Broadmeadows Shire.

S.S.483 ESSENDON (PASCOE VALE.)
A forerunner of the Raleigh St school was at the junction of Five Mile and Moonee Ponds Creeks (Melway 28 J-K2) and accessed via Government Rd. It operated from 1858 until 1863.
(Some of the pupils may have lived on the Cross Keys Reserve which was divided into small blocks. In 1863, the school moved to a site near Windy Hill but not apparently the present one.)

3081 PASCOE VALE.
A two mile train trip allowed children to be taught at S.S.483 NEAR WINDY HILL until fares became too expensive. It opened in a leased Church of Christ.....

PAGE 6.
...building in 1891 with Robert Ingram as H.T. In 1894, as an economy measure,it was joined to S.s.484 Coburg. A site was purchased in 1910 at the corner of NORFOLK ROAD (now Gaffney St) and Cumberland Rd.,and it was occupied in September 1911 with Edmund O'Brien as H.T.

S.S.3118 GLENROY.
Glenroy was named by D.Cameron after aplace on Inverness,Scotland. Opened on 6-4-1891 in a leased building and the Wheatsheaf Rd school commenced in April 1908. Overcrowding was eased by the opening of Glenroy North (1956) and Glenroy West (1958.)Nett enrolments reached 1350 between 1956 and 1959.

S.S.4015 ESSENDON NORTH.
Opened 1-9-1920. Enrolments: 270 in June 1921, 550 in 1928, 956 in 1953 and 436 in 1970. Summary brief , the school being outside the area being discussed.

S.S.4158 WESTBREEN.(Formerly Mt Sabine.)
Mt Sabine* was the name of a large property in the area. The school opened in 1923 in a hall on the Mt Sabine Estate.District Inspector Davies suggested Westbreen as the school's name,being a combination of the names of two bus proprietors, Weston and Miss Breen. In about 1932,part of the old Pascoe Vale school was erected on 3 acres purchased from H.Peachey. From 1950 a migrant hostel in the army camp and subdivision of farmlands made enrolments seem to double and re double almost overnight. In 1954 more than 40% were migrants from northern and central Europe.Overcrowding was eased when 130 pupils transferred to the new Broadmeadows East school.

(*In 1990, I knew nothing about the internet. Now I use trove all the time so it wasn't hard to find a reference to Mt Sabine:
GEACH-On the 21st March, 1928 at Miss Hill's private hospital, Fitzroy, Frank Herbert,beloved husband of Alice Ethel Geach, Mount Sabine,Pascoevale, father of Nerissa, Frank,Catherine, Miriam Hermione, Edwin, and Edwina, in his 66th year.A friend to all mankind.
However I seem to recall that Pascoe Vale Girls' School started in the Mt Sabine homestead (we'll soon see) so I doubt that Westbreen state school's 3 acre site was on the Mt Sabine farm. Frank may have bought a Box Forest (Hadfield) block which was part of the estate of Frank Geach Snr late of Mt Sabine,not the MT SABINE ESTATE.)

SEE COMMENTS RE MT SABINE. (NO MENTION IN PASCOE VALE GIRLS'SCHOOL ENTRY; INFORMATION WAS READ BUT NOT RECORDED.)

S.S.4612 STRATHMORE.
Strathmore,a valley in Scotland was the homeland of the Napier family. (N.B. If this is correct,the valley must be near Montrose on the east coast-V&I.M. 1888.) Theodore Napier owned agricultural land having Woodland St as its southern frontage; the school was built on this land. Due to wartime problems, the school opened incomplete on 4 acres purchased by the Broadmeadows Shire Council. Destroyed by fire on 28-11-1945,the buildings were not replaced until December 1946. (N.B. This was probably due to a lack of building material which persisted for some years after the war.)By 1960 nett enrolments reached 807.In 1967-8,the removal.......

PAGE 7.
......of many houses to make way for the Tullamarine Freeway caused another big drop in numbers,the opening of Strathmore North on 9-2-1961 having seen 106 pupils depart.

S.S, 4704 PASCOE VALE SOUTH.
Opened on 2-2-1954 with 180 pupils. Freeway construction with resultant demolition of houses caused a decline with numbers.

S.S.4721 OAK PARK.
Opened with 180 pupils in February 1954. Within a short distance is the site of John Fawkner's home and the houses of the school commemorate Fawkner and his three assistants* (sic),Stephenson Campbell and Cameron, who farmed the land. Nett enrolment was 813 in 1965.
*The Camerons were overlanders and leased the Glenroy Estate (which they named), north of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park grant,from speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Robert Campbell, resident near the Merri Creek in 1849 may have been the grantee of section 4, Will Will Rook, north east of Fawkner's Box Forest. Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" had the western 300 acres of St John's south and east of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park.There is absolutely no evidence that they worked for Fawkner and neighbours might have been a better word than assistants. Stephenson might have been on St John's before Fawkner's death.

S.S.4731 PASCOEVALE NORTH. (Melway 17 D7, s.w. cnr Kent and Derby Sts.)
On 12-3-1842,crown land in the parish of Jika Jika was purchased by Thomas Walker of Sydney. A masonry veneer building of 16 classrooms was built and occupied on 13-3-1956 with the enrolment rapidly reaching 600.

S.S. 4779 NORTH FAWKNER.
Opened 1-7-1957 with 245 pupils and had a nett enrolment in December,1970.

Not knowing the location of Fawkner North which was not listed in my 1999 Melway, I found mention of it in the Wikipedia entry for Fawkner.
Within the suburb of Fawkner, there are two government primary schools: Fawkner Primary and Moomba Park Primary. Two Catholic primary schools were also built: St. Matthew's PS and St. Mark's PS (1934). Fawkner Secondary College began in 1956 and an Islamic college, Darul Ulum College of Victoria, was established in 1997 on the grounds of the former Fawkner North Primary school.[7] Historically, the Fawkner Technical School was built on the site west of the Moomba Park Primary School at the same time the primary school was established. Fawkner Technical School was eventually demolished to make way for residential allotments. Bruce Smeaton, composer and musician taught at this school which started out as an exclusive boys school of high repute.

4782 GLENROY NORTH. (FORMERLY BROADMEADOWS SOUTH.)
Opened 11-9-1956 with 850 pupils. Nett enrolment was 795 in 1970.
South west corner of Cardinal Rd and Daley St and separated from Glen and Delhi Sts. by house blocks in 1999.

4787 NORTH PARK.
Opened 10-9-1957 with 97 pupils, mainly from Pascoe Vale North and Westbreen Schools. Nett enrolments: early 1958 -330; 1967 -780; 1970 -700. This seems to have been at about 13 Bedford St, Hadfield where modern housing isshown on the street view. It was not shown in the 1999 Melway so it was probably jeffed like Fawkner North.

4806 GOWRIE PARK.
"Gowrie Park" was a grazing property between Hume Highway(sic) and West St(sic*), , which was owned in the 19th century by Robinson (sic**) from Gowrie in England (sic);his bluestone homestead two blocks north of the school is still occupied. The school opened on 11-6-1962 with 271 pupils. Nett enrolments were 387 in 1963,626 in 1966 and about 800 in 1968. CONTINUED ON PAGE 8.

*(Adjoining Box Forest,its south east corner is indicated by Fairleigh St (Melway 17 F 1-2) and it adjoined Meadowbank north of John and Andrew St houses (Melway 7 B-D 12.) Its western boundary was Morley St.)

**(Section 5 Will Will Rook was granted to Alexander Gibb who built "Meadowbank" on the northern half (320 acres) and "Gowrie" on the southern half for James ROBERTSON, who like Alexander's brother, James, had married a Coupar girl. Both houses are shown on page 18 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. James ROBERTSON was NOT a Keilor farmer as stated in the book. In 1900,Thomas B.C.ROBINSON was leasing 317 acres, "Gowrie" from James ROBERTSON.)

PAGE 8.(Gowrie Park S.S.continued.)
Gibb Reserve in Blair St honours the municipal service of Alexander Gibb and his son, Alexander Coupar Gibb.
This Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm which occupied the operational part of Melbourne Airport extending a mile west and north west of the terminal building. In 1920-1,racehorse trainer,Robert Lewis, was assessed on 317 acres, "Gowrie Park". The bluestone homestead on 3 acres was obviously leased separately in 1900 and 1920,James Robertson Jnr having moved to the Somerton area.His father , who died on 28-7-1888 at the age of 80 is buried at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 C9)next to the Gibbs, neighbours in death as well as in life.(Genealogical details from Deidre Farfor,a descendant of James Robertson of Upper Keilor.)

S.S.4809 GLENROY WEST.
Opened 21-4-1958 with 370 pupils. Nett enrolment in 1970 was 720.
Melway 16 E 2-3 fronting Clovelly Ave and York and William Sts. Still operating in 2014.

S.S.4821 STRATHMORE NORTH.
Opened 9-2-1861 with 150 pupils. Net enrolment: 241 in late 1961; 448 in 1969; by 1970 the school had become overcrowded.
Bruce Barbour has included a brief history of the school on his website.
Strathmore History - North Strathmore Primary - Vicnet
home.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/nprimary.html&#8206;
The information contained in the section below is an edited shortened version of the history contained in a Booklet entitled "Strathmore North Primary School ...

The above will not include the following.
I think the potted history mentions the acquisition of houses* to enlarge the playground but I don't think it mentions the playground often being underwater. The school was lucky to have a supportive community which dealt with this problem as well as obtaining a fine hall. I was fortunate in teaching at Strathy North 1992-8. The grassed area east of the front path from Mascoma St was overcrowded when I arrived,with three or more separate football games being played simultaneously in this smallish space because nobody wanted to play on the rocks,the triangular area west of the buildings and staff car park. Luckily a staff member spent much of his summer holiday covering the rocks with buffalo grass.

STRATHY NORTH MAY NEVER HAVE OPENED!
*The brief history mentioned above did not discuss the enlargement of the school grounds, only that they consisted of 2.5 acres when purchased. Either Paul Agar or the original history (25th anniversary)must have mentioned the houses that stood within the present boundaries.

The education department's intention to sell the original site prompted a quick reaction as Bruce's summary shows.
"In 1954, the Education Department acquired the present school site, possibly foreseeing that continuing steady growth of home building in the area could lead to overcrowding at the closest schools, Oak Park and Strathmore, in the future years.

However in 1959 it was learnt that the Education Department proposed to sell the site. This news had the effect of greatly stimulating interest in obtaining a school in the area as quickly as possible.

A group of parents, aware of the number of new homes being built in the areas close to the eastern ends of Mascoma and Lebanon Streets, and the serious overcrowding at Strathmore Primary School, began to press for the establishment of a new school on the present site.

Prominent in the early moves for the school were Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Arthur Roberts, whose letter to a local newspaper attracted wide attention, Mr. Ron Bucknell and Mrs. Jean Cole, Mrs. Marj Reddish, Mrs. Avril Roberts, Mrs. Joan Nichols and Mrs. Dulcie Streete, who conducted a house to house survey to ascertain prospective enrolments, should a school be built. This survey indicated that there were already 200 children of school and immediate pre-school age in the proposed schools area."

The school was lucky to have Paul Agar on hand in the 1990's. He was the school caretaker but if anything needed fixing, Paul did it for nothing. It was when I was helping Paul to install some climbing equipment that I realised how much "the rocks" had been built up. The top layer of fine screenings had been noticed during the grass-planting but we had to dig down 60 centimetres through a lower layer of coarse screenings before reaching soil.

By the 1990's the school was much nearer to 200 pupils and was in the second division of the Essendon District Sports Association at the annual athletics carnival. The school won this division for a tremendous number of years but its crowning achievement in athletics is recalled by a photograph in the crowded trophy cabinet. Five girls competing in the 4x100 metre relay gave up almost every lunchtime for a month and by the time of the carnival at Aberfeldie, they could change the baton while running flat out. P.E.G.S. (PENLEIGH AND ESSENDON GRAMMAR SCHOOL) usually won most of the events at the sports, having employed members of the Essendon Athletics Club to coach their competitors,including their relay teams.

The Strathy North girls beat them and were they dirty! The Strathy North girls came second in the Victorian Championships. The fifth girl missed out on the glory but she was just as responsible for this great achievement as the other four.

On one occasion,one of the teachers on yard duty was concerned because most of the pupils had disappeared one lunchtime. In desperation,she opened the hall door and with obvious relief said,"Here they are!" She'd forgotten about the popular Lunchtime Gym.

SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
Many of the secondary schools are now closed.Many of those west of Pascoe Vale Rd are discussed on the following website, which supplied the detail for my 2014 entry for Box Forest Secondary College and closures:
High School for Coburg: June 2010
www.highschoolforcoburg.org/2010_06_01_archive.html&#8206;





Moreland High School closed on 31 December 1991 - now Kangan Batman TAFE




(2014 Postscript-BOX FOREST SECONDARY COLLEGE.
Moomba Park Secondary College, Glenroy High School, Glenroy Technical School, Hadfield Secondary College and Oak Park Secondary College merged on 1 January 1993 to form Box Forest Secondary College, now Glenroy College.)



COBURG HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced 30-1-1912, with 131 pupils on four rooms at Coburg State School as the first Higher Elementary School in Victoria. Elevation in status to a high school and occupation of the present site of one acre on Henderson's Paddock, an old aboriginal burial ground, followed in 1916. The net enrolment was almost 400 by 1925. (P.S. Closed 31-12-1993.)

ESSENDON HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 4-2-1913 and became a high school in 1914. During the severe (Spanish*) influenza epidemic of 1919,the school became an emergency hospital with the pupils housed in new buildings at Moonee Ponds State** School.
(* So-named because a member of the Spanish Royal Family was an early victim.
** Local parents must have liked this turn of events with the result that the primary school became a Central School with form 1 and 2.)

GLENROY HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 2-2-1954, with 231 pupils in form 1 and 2,"on the fringe of the settled areas." The names of houses-Cameron,Fawkner, McCullagh and Stevenson- honour early settlers in the district.
(Cameron leased the estate from Sydney speculators,calling it Glenroy; Fawkner was an equally early pioneer settling immediately south of Glenroy and planting an orchard and English trees, such as the oak,which caused a later owner, Hutchinson of the flour mill at Glenroy, to rename the property as "Oak Park; Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" also occupied the western 300 acres of St Johns between English St in the aerodrome and Fawkner's land across the Moonee Ponds Creek; McCulloch bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedy's executors in 1874.)

HADFIELD HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened in February,1964 with 343 pupils. Net enrolments were 539 in 1965,740 in 1966, 843 in 1967 and 930 in 1969 (including 13 in the first sixth form.)

(P.S. Hadfield Secondary College closed on 31 December 1992 - The buildings were demolished and the site is now a retirement village. )


PAGE 9.
OAK PARK HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 5-2-1959 with 150 form 1 pupils.By 1962, enrolments were over 700 and in 1963 there were 990,with 170 being transferred to Hadfield at year's end.

(P.S. Oak Park Secondary School closed 31 December 1992.)

PASCOE VALE GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 7-2-1956 in nearby halls for a year. (See BETWEEN TWO CREEKS by Richard Broome for extensive detail.)

The school is still operating, its website including 2014 events and this history which has a picture of the Mt Sabine homestead.

SCHOOL EVENTS & DATES
SHAPE WEEK From: 00:00 - Mon, 31/03/2014 To: 23:59 - Fri, 04/04/2014 etc.

Pascoe Vale Girls School opened in 1956 with an enrolment of 115 girls. Until the completion of the first section of building, classes were conducted in the Holy Trinity Parish Hall in Pleasant Street, and the Central Progress Association Hall in Park Street. Miss K.D Meldrum was appointed as the first Head Mistress. Classes were conducted in the buildings on the permanent site in Lake Avenue in February 1957. By this time the school enrolment had risen to 500 students. The second and third sections of the main school were completed and occupied by 1962. A foundation ceremony was held, at which the Director of Education, Mr. A. McDonell, unveiled a plaque to commemorate the completion of the main building.
In 1963 Miss E.D Daniel was appointed Head Mistress. Miss Daniel strove to raise the status of girls and women and to forge attitudes for girls to reach their academic potential and seek professional and leadership roles in the community.
Pascoe Vale Girls lost its "Girls Domestic School" stigma and became a High School in 1966. In 1968, the E.D Daniel Assembly Hall was officially opened, and enrolments continued to increase, despite the fact that there was no sixth form and the most talented students had to transfer to other schools to continue their final year of education.
In 1975 Mr E. De Motte was appointed Principal.
A Commonwealth Science block was added to the site and the George O'Brien Oval was named after the School Council President who had served the school for 18 years. The student population grew to 825 and the E.D Motte Library was built.
The current principal, Miss Helen Jackson took over in 1987. In 1991, Pascoe Vale Girls became a Secondary College.
1995 heralded a new era when, under the Schools of the Future program, Pascoe Vale Girls Secondary College officially became a self-managing one and in 2002 was renamed Pascoe Vale Girls College. With a population of 1,353 girls, the college attracts students from a wide geographical area and from diverse cultural backgrounds.
In 2009, the school received $6.3 million for renovations and new buildings, which are expected to be finished by Term 4, 2011.
The school's current principal, Miss Helen Jackson, is the longest serving principal in Victoria, with over 60 years of teaching.


STRATHMORE HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced in 1957 in Raleigh St.state school and nearby halls. The first stage was occupied in late 1957. Enrolment was over 1000 in 1963. Land lost due to the Strathmore overpass,Pascoe Vale Rd widening and the freeway has been partly replaced by the elimination of the Moonee Ponds Creek.

[The Napier Park dog track was on the high school site with the board track near the overpass. Peggy McKenzie tells that an old lady lived on an island in the creek and wasafocus of concern when the creek was likely to flood,which it did often, inundating the present school site. Cracking of the school's library was a recent (late 1980's?)problem;it was built on filled land,possibly the school side of the island.)

TECHNICAL SCHOOLS.
COBURG TECH. (Gaffney St.)
Opened February,1954 and moved to the present site on 9-11-1954. Most people would know one teacher and one student from Coburg Tech.; *John Kennedy and **Angry Anderson.
(* Day 203 Reflections on a Teacher's Life | In this my 70th year;
** Angry Anderson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angry_Anderson&#8206;
Anderson grew up in suburban Coburg and attended Coburg Technical School before working as a fitter and turner in a factory. Initially he wanted to be a blues )

(P.S. Coburg Technical School - now Coburg Special Development School.)

ESSENDON TECH.
Opened February 1939 in the old West Melbourne Tech.buildings and moved to the present site in August 1939.

FAWKNER TECH.
Opened 6-2-(1961?*)at Melbourne Textiles School and moved to the present site on 10-1-(1960?)One house, BROOKS, honours popular Governor of Victoria, Sir Dallas Brooks, after whom the suburb of Dallas was also named.
*I can't remember whether I wrote the question marks because my notes re the years were illegible or they were copied verbatim and didn't make sense.

GLENROY TECH.
Opened February 1956 at the showgrounds,later moving to old classrooms in Latrobe St for the rest of that year.

The forgoing confirms Jim McKenzie's claim that the population explosion occurred during the 1950's. Until that time,the latitude of Woodland St virtually divided city from country and those living to the north could keep horses,cows,goats and poultry. We now move onto Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history.

PAGE 10.
2014 POSTSCRIPT.
Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history interview was taped on one of six 3 hour videotapes. If I remember correctly,they were donated to the Sam Merrifield Library at Moonee Ponds when I was leaving Tullamarine.

VISEOTAPED INTERVIEW.
Jim's family moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale when he was about 13 years old. Peggy (nee Holmes)and her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St in 1935 when she was five, then relocated to Fawkner St, a bit farther up that steep hill,five years later. Jim and Peggy built their house in Tasman Avenue, Strathmore Heights in about 1970.

Index to interview subjects. Cow Dung Flats,Horses(Page 10); Fleet Electrics,Coburg council quarry 11; breaking horses and training trotters, a handful of houses in Strathmore,1940 residents near Peck Ave. 12; post-war boom 13; Peachey-Kelly Town 14; Coonan's Hill and market gardens, hay and corn stores,first self service,non swimmers,goats, Strathmore High School site and the house on the island 15; Strathmore's former name,the swing bridge and Jim Flood; Tasma Theatre 16; Kirk's Bazaar,Green Gables and prisoners, land-price fixing and returned servicemen's problems 17; Cook's homestead and Red Rooster,Shaw Logan 18; Dodd Lane,shortage of building material 19; Frank Curry-youth worker?, early Melbourne history, cable trams,picking up milk 20;two-up school and amateur rodeos,Happy Valley and Chicken Farm Lane, Jim Pyke,rail-motor house calls, 21; a hard but happy life 22; the depression 23; Pentridge prison farm,weekend trips to sleepy Sunbury,Strathmore Heights, shops at Pascoe Vale Station 24; try this hill Mulga Bill,children's games and naughty tricks 25; The Strathmore gates, petrol and a cuppa, overcoming rationing 26; walking blackberries 27.

COW DUNG FLATS.
The Pascoe Vale lads coined this name for the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd over which the the boys,most of whom had horses, rode on their country romps.

HORSES.
If Iraq had invaded Kuwait in 1937, the incident would hardly have raised a mention in The Argus. In 1990,it's not only front page news but also the excuse for a hefty rise in petrol prices. Before the second world war , there wasan entirely different set of expectationsfor young people. The horse had been the popular mode of transport for thousandsof years and instead of looking forward to having a car at 18, a youngster could look forward to....

PAGE 11.
...having a horse at 12 or 13. Hay and corn stores were everywhere but garages were exceptional, queer places with hand-operated pumps, few customers and plenty of time for a chat. The term "oil crisis" had little meaning in such a way of life. A youngster in Pascoe Vale, such as Jim McKenzie,kept hishorse in the vacant block(s) next door and could enjoy aride north orwest for miles. Happy Valley, North Essendon and Cow Dung Flats were country land,not suburbia, and were to remain so until Arthur Caldwell's immigration policy and the housing commissions purchase of land at Broadmeadows had such an impact in the 1950's.

Agistment of horses was usually the last farm use in the area before urbanisation took over completely. (This was the situation at Gowanbrae at the time this book was written.) In the early days, hay-growing, dairying and sometimes sheep grazing and breeding of draught horses (which were the trucks and tractors of those times) took precedence,but from the 1940's, the agistment of horses and poultry farming, which could be carried out on smaller parcels of land, became more common. (Postscript. Pig farming on Box Forest (Hadfield)was quite common because it had been subdivided among John Pascoe Fawkner's land co-op members in 1850 with blocks later being consolidated into small farms of sufficient size, but swine fever struck and Stephen Peachey moved to a 6.5 acre dairy farm, now Boyse Court, at Tullamarine in about 1920.)

During the 1970's roads became more crowded and sadly,too dangerous for the horse-drawn milk cart,a romantic relic of a fast-disappearing way of life where hay was the fuel and horsepower meant just that! Now instead of using the "exhaust" as garden fertiliser*, we measure the toxic lead content. (*Keen gardeners used to follow the milk cart!)

FLEET ELECTRICS.
Probably the pioneers of secondary industry in the Pascoe Vale/Strathmore area, this firm which manufactured electric ovens, had its premises at the corner of Woodlands Avenue and Pascoe Vale Rd before W.W.2.

COBURG COUNCIL QUARRY.
Like many of his fellow returned servicemen, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life, and after continuing his service until 1947 as a member of the occupation forces in Japan, he optedfor an outdoor job which better suited his restless spirit. He worked at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd, which later....

PAGE 12.
...became the Coburg Drive-In Theatre. (Melway 17 J-K6, east of Parker Reserve.)

BREAKING HORSES AND TRAINING TROTTERS.
Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses, up to nine at a time. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings ($3) each at South Melbourne and lead them along Spencer St (Abbotsford St etc) to Flemington Bridge from which he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St (Melway 29 C 10-11.)

Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing Jim and his dad from their jinker. (P.S.It was customary to lead horses being transported from a vehicle. It was dangerous to wind the lead around one's wrist because if the horse was spooked the person holding it could be jerked out of the jinker, but disregarding a warning about this actually saved young Hill's life at Bertram's Ford near Keilor in 1906, while his young mate,William John Mansfield and his namesake father both perished.)

After horses were broken they would be sold for two pounds and as horse-ownership was very common,the turnover in this sideline was very brisk.

After the war,Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracksat Westbreen, Happy Valley and along the narrow Hume Highway to train trotters and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel. This story illustrates the change in truck speed and the nature of traffic. When the mobile barrier was introduced in trotting,Jim would move up behind and just to the left of a slow-moving truck on the Hume Highway. He would follow for some distance and then take off passing the truck. Imagine trying that trick with a Kenworth or on the Hume Highway today! Another training venue was near the dog track and cycling track at Strathmore.

STRATHMORE DIDN'T EXIST (1940.)
Jim and his mates would ride from Pascoe Vale to Bulla Rd near Dodd Lane's in Dublin Avenue and see only a handful of houses such as Barrett's dairy, Theodore Napier's Magdala (WRONG, BURNT DOWN IN 1927), Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St(where Harry Huntington Peck was probably busy writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and Lebanon, built by John Murray Peck in 1882 and owned (in 1990) by boxing writer,Jack Oates. As well as being lovely grassy hills,the area over which Jim and Co.rode was known as North Essendon. The same name was applied to the Strathmore Station. So in 1940, there was no semblance of the suburb that exists today but it bore a different name.
(Postscript. From Wikipedia entry for Strathmore.
Brewster subdivided and sold 100 acres (400,000 m) of land to Thomas Napier, who occupied the land and left a lasting legacy to the area the origin of its name. The area of Strathmore was originally called North Essendon. The name of "Strathmore" was first suggested by the Rev. John Sinclair in 1936 and was initially adopted by the church. The name was derived from Thomas Napier's Scottish heritage, the Valley of Strathmore, Scotland close to where he once lived. The name was submitted to Essendon Council in 1943. In 1955 the Victorian Railways changed the name of the station from North Essendon to Strathmore.)

Near the eastern end of Mascoma St,Randalls, a real estate firm, were selling blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds,while the Mills lived over the road on the south side and further west lived Mr Flood,the local policeman,and his wife near where the Strathmore North school would be built two decades later. Another...

PAGE 13.
...policeman,Mr James, and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd,Miss Roberts* owned the land between Cook's Homestead and the garage to the south.George Farmer and Strang'sGarage were near the Cross Keys. George trained trotters which were driven by his son-in-law,Jack Ironsidel, the local postie.
(*Miss Roberts was almost certainly related to the Pecks, formerly of Lebanon. John Murray Peck married Louisa Ellen Roberts, both being buried in a recently restored grave at the historic Will Will Rook cemetery alongside Sarah Swinbourne Roberts who died at Lebanon on 31-1-1916, twelve years before Louisa.)

The Tullamarine Progress Association report of 1926 on a proposal, supported by the Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires, to relocate the Newmarket saleyards to a 6 700 acre site incorporating all the land between Spence St Keilor Park/Essendon Aerodrome and Grants Rd (near Melbourne Airport)stated: "With the exception of a small area in the south east corner which has been cut up into building blocks, the land is used for hay growing and dairying. If the proposal had gone ahead,much of Strathmore Heights would not exist.

Jim McKenzie recalls travelling with his mates to Sunbury in a covered wagon to spend weekends rabbiting and catching fish at Rupertwood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy (formerly Camp Hill) was the most prominent feature near the west end of the track in 1940, and still so when Jim and Peggy McKenzie moved into their Tasman Avenue home in 1970. The narrow bridge on Bulla Rd between Strathmore Heights and Gowanbrae had stood since the Albion-Jacana line was built in 1928 and would have been used by the covered wagon circa 1940, but only its footings remain. The trestle bridge, a landmark of the area, still performs its original function.

HALF HOUSES.
When Arthur Caldwell's plan for immigration on a huge scale was adopted, there was a dual motivation. During the war, Australia had most of its armed forces in Europe or the Middle East and when Japan...

PAGE 14.
...made its thrust toward our shores, Australia's population could not furnish another force to defend itself. Luckily for us,the Japanese had blitzed Pearl Harbour forcing the U.S.A to enter the conflict. With the most forceful argument,the Prime Minister, John Curtin obtained the release of some of our troops from other theatres of war. Also, cutting the umbilical cord that had linked us to the old country,he unreservedly pleaded for American help-which came in the shape of the flamboyant General MacArthur. Although the Government was prepared to abandon the area north of the Brisbane Line, fierce resistance by the Aussie troops in New Guinea (with more help from the fuzzy wuzzy angels than the green American soldiers)and a great victory from the U.S.Navy in the Coral Sea saved our bacon. This period of peril, however,served to force a realisation that our population had to be increased dramatically.

The second motivation was humanitarian,to assist the vast number of displaced persons whose peasant farms, houses and even whole suburbs or villages had been destroyed during the war. Many of these were temporarily housed at the army camp at Broadmeadows, resulting of many schools in that vicinity in a few short years.

Jim McKenzie said that a combination of the huge demand for housing and the lack of building materials forced councils to relax their building standards. Many half-houses were built and it wasnot until the situation had eased that completion of these structures was demanded. These new residents tended to congregate in areas such as St Albans and Fawkner but Jim remembers seeing half houses in most developing suburbs.

PEACHEY-KELLY TOWN.
This was what most locals called Westbreen despite District Inspector, Davies' suggestion of the latter for State School 4158. Residents of Westbreen apart from the Peacheys and Kellys were the Toys, Marshalls,Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residentshad other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners of these vacant blocks didn't mind as it kept the grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall, which was near her house. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip and a shilling to get into the dance.

PAGE 15.
COONAN'S HILL.
This area,near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Pde was the venue for training trotters and there were market gardens, most of which were run by Chinese. Reynolds Pde and other streets nearby were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES.
Surprisingly,even in the 1950's, there were still many of these establishments. The car had not yet become dominant,even in such long-established areas such as Ascot Vale and Essendon and more so in the country area north of Woodland St/Ave.

FIRST SELF SERVICE STORE.
To Jim's knowledge, Harry Shell's self service grocery on the corner of Bell St and York St was one of the first,and possibly the first, shop of this type.

NON SWIMMERS.
When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St was opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded as superhuman beings. Raised in Port Melbourne near the beach,the McKenzie boys thought that their ability to swim was normal but the awe in which they were held made them realise that few of the local children could swim.

GOATS (NO KIDDING.)
Sorry about the pun! Goat farms were common in the area and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm occupied the area bounded by Dawson St and Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rds.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH.
The Napier Park dog track was situated on the high school site with the board track nearer the Strathmore overpass site. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these sporting venues,and tethering their mounts,would settle down on the grassy slopes to watch the greyhounds or cycling heroes such as Sid Patterson.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND.aN ISLAND IN THE CREEK WITHIN THE HIGH SCHOOL GROUNDS WASREMOVED WHEN THE COURSE OF THE CREEK WAS STRAIGHTENED An island in the creek within the high school site was removed when the creek was straightened and concreted to allow construction of the freeway in the 1960's. The island was flood-prone and there was concern for the safety of...

PAGE 16.
...a lady who lived on it when ever the water level started to rise,as it did so rapidly. West of this island was a goat farm.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE.

by itellya on 2014-04-11 09:17:45

The journal won't submit in comments. I've tried twice.

by itellya on 2014-04-14 02:42:40

The text in the journal has reappeared so it's full steam ahead. Ditto for the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA and SOME FARMS IN THE BROADMEADOWS SHIRE journals which will be resumed as soon as possible.

by itellya on 2014-04-26 03:11:10

Resuming transcription.

by itellya on 2014-04-28 20:40:40

Westbreen Primary School
www.westbreenps.vic.edu.au/&#8206;


90TH BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION
Westbreen Primary School is turning 90 years old this year (2014), and we would like to invite all past and present staff and students to help celebrate this wonderful milestone.

The birthday celebrations will be on Saturday 23rd of November from 10am until 3pm.
Please spread the word and mark this date on your calendar!

The day will include food stalls, kids rides, animal farm and school tours, plus many more activities.
If you have any memorabilia like school photos, old newsletters, pupil of the week ribbons and certificates, please contact the school to arrange for copying by our office staff at your earliest convenience.

by itellya on 2014-04-28 23:28:38

I'M HAVING TROUBLE SUBMITTING AND I'VE LOST WHAT I TYPED UNDER CABLE TRAMS AND PICKING UP MILK.

by itellya on 2014-05-01 22:04:02

Worse than that, I've lost every thing from the start of page 16 to the end of page 20, about 20 hours tedious transcription plus articles from the internet confirming Shaw Logan's advertisements in verse, the McCracken involvement with Green Gables, the prominence of Frank Curry's mother-in-law, Ma Dalley, Kirk's Bazaar's various locations and so on. So frustrating! Well, here goes take two.

by itellya on 2014-05-01 22:15:02

Not that bad after all. I was looking at a copy of the journal in comments,posted there as a backstop. Resuming from CABLE TRAMS on page 20.

by itellya on 2014-05-01 22:55:40

PICKING UP MILK. (page 20.) WOULD NOT SUBMIT IN JOURNAL.
Jim used to earn a pound a day for spending four hours daily picking up 150 cans of milk from dairy farms. Each can,when full,weighed as much as a man. Jim's run started at Shaw Logan's and went as far north as Donnybrook Lane with the last pick up being at the Crotty family's "Broomfield" at the corner of Sharps Rd and Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) through which Tullamarine Park Rd now runs. From here Jim would take the milk to the model dairy at Kew. Some other farms that Jim collected from were run by French, Stackpool, Fishlock and Sorrigan. POSTSCRIPT 2014.The grant on the north east corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds had been split into two 180 acre farms, the Gambles' northern half (in 2014 being the site of Aitken College and a very new housing estate) being named Brocklands after an ancestor,John Brock, a pioneer of the Bundoora/Janefield area, and Wal French owning the southern half which is indicated by French Rd (Melway 178 K 6-7.)

by itellya on 2014-05-01 23:13:17

HAPPY VALLEY AND CHICKEN FARM LANE,P.21,WOULDN'T SUBMIT IN JOURNAL.
Happy Valley was the name given to the area near Melway 16 D4 across Moonee Ponds Creek from the new Essendon Baseball Club ground on Boeing Reserve.

Chicken Farm lane was the local designation for Box Forest Rd.

by itellya on 2014-05-07 10:41:57

Some dill said that the suburb near the area that locals called COW DUNG FLATS was named after a place in England. Rupert,the bloke that the suburb WAS named after,was elected as the councillor for the Wallan area of the Shire of Broadmeadows in August 1918 and was still in that role in 1950,having been Shire President several times. I'll let you guess his surname and the name of the suburb.

The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 8 August 1918 Edition: Morning p 2 Article
... Broadmeadows Elections. Cr. Rupert C. Hadfield returns thanks for his election to the extraordinary vacancy in the Wallan Riding.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 1 February 1934 p 13 Article
....C. read the first lesson, and the president of the Shire of Broadmeadows (Councillor R. C. Hadfield)

Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 18 May 1950 p 6 Article
... to go to Melbourne to catch the diesel. . Cr. Hadfield: The diesel train stops at Broadmeadows-

Stole show
A 65-year-old bachelor, Cr. Rupert Hadfield, just about "stole the show" in the round of introductions to the Queen at Essendon airport.He was introduced to the Queen, after Cabinet Ministers, judges, and Service chiefs had been presented.
"What shire council are you in?" the Queen asked.
"Broadmeadows, Your Majesty," he said proudly, "Broadmeadows people give you the heartiest welcome." The Queen smiled and thanked Cr. Hadfield. "Years of hard work
on the council are repaid by this moment," he said later.
(P.9, Argus,25-2-1954.)

by itellya on 2014-05-09 23:53:17

SHOPS NEAR PASCOE VALE STATION circa 1940.
Mr Thackerill, the estate agent, was on the corner of Gaffney St. and Burgundy St. Mr Hall was the newsagent while Mr Glassen,the barber, shared a shop with his wife who was a hairdresser. Mr Peucker had the milk bar; his son,Ken*, played for Essendon in the same era as Jack Clarke, Ron Evans and present president, Ron Evans.There was no hotel then. The butcher,Mr Woolley was later followed by Mr Rowe. Mr Fenby ran the fruit shop and was the victim of a scheme devised by the local brats. One of them would conspicuously run off with an onion with Mr Fenby in vain pursuit. I wonder if he noticed the missing bananas when he returned. After the war,Mr Nicholson, who had ashop in Holmes Rd,Moonee Ponds, opened the corner grocery which was run by his son,Frank.

2014 postscript.
From Wikipedia.
Ken Peucker (2 February 1935 15 February 2005) was an Australian rules footballer who played with Essendon in the Victorian Football League (VFL).

Recruited from the Lincoln Stars in the Essendon District Football League, Peucker started out at Essendon in the Under-19s and played his first VFL game in 1954.[2] A half-forward and rover, he kicked 27 goals for Essendon in the 1955 VFL season, a tally bettered by only two teammates.[3]

Peucker spent his next two years in South Australia and was the leading goal-kicker at South Adelaide in 1957.[2]

He returned to Essendon in 1958 but only played seven league games during the season.[3] The following year he finished second in the Gardiner Medal count, for his contributions in the reserves, but also played for the seniors from round 14 onwards.[2] He kicked four goals in Essendon's semi final win over Collingwood and was picked as a half forward flanker in the 1959 VFL Grand Final side, which Essendon lost.[3]

Peucker played an equal career high 17 games in 1960 and after appearing in the opening round of the 1961 season, left the club for Bendigo Football League side Kyneton.[2] He also played for Mount Gravatt, in Queensland.[2]


TRY THIS HILL, MULGA BILL!
According to Peggy McKenzie (nee Holmes) who lived in Gaffney St just up the hill from Burgundy St, hardly two days went by without there being an accident at the base of the Gaffney St hill. Two girls trying out their dad's bike failed to realise the steepness of the descent and only the intervention of an old blind dog which waddled across the path causing a painful tumble save them from certain death at the hands of the gates or the Spirit of Progress which passed through the Pascoe Vale Station soon afterwards. A fireman on his way to inspect a fire alarm near the gates was off work for three years after he and his bike slammed side-on into the gates at the crossing. His brake cable had snapped halfway down the hill.

by itellya on 2014-07-11 04:55:37

Oral history can provide much information that doesn't appear in writing. There is always the chance that memories can be confused so it's nice to find confirmation of these memories.

Jim McKenzie told me about Chicken Farm Lane which is mentioned on pages 19 and 21 according to the index at the start of the journal. There was actually a depot for Broadmeadows Shire road-making materials on Chicken Farm Lane. See:

BROADMEADOWS SHIRE COUNCIL THURSDAY, 26th MARCH.
The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 2 April 1914 p 1 Article

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