LAND IN FINGAL AND WANNAEUE OWNED BY THE CAIRNS FAMILY AND THEIR IN-LAWS, VIC, AUST.
The parishes of Fingal and Wannaeue run west to the line of Government Rd/Weeroona St in Rye where they adjoin the parish of Nepean. Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and Wannaeue extends north to Port Phillip Bay.
See the BONEO IN 1902 journal re land use.
See comment boxes re John A.Bayford and W.Bayford. They were not related to the Cairns family or any of their relatives but probably taught their children and John was the grantee of 140 acres on which Chris Cairns was assessed in 1900.
The first land occupied by the Cairns family was crown allotment 2 of the parish of Wannaeue, at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.(Melway 170B-C 10-11),consisting of 177 acres 1 rood and 16 perches.
An interesting occupant of a hut on Little Scotland in 1864 was Robert White. This could have been one of the four Irish limeburners from the Rye/Sorrento area or Robert White Senior from Clackmannan (who had married Elizabeth Russell*; in 1875, his son, Blooming Bob White, bought Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd in Rosebud, and from about 1890 Blooming Bob moved to land fronting the east side of White Hill Rd from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd.In view of the name of Alexander's grant, it is interesting that Robert White Senior died at Menstries Hill, Rosebud.I believe that Menstries Hill was that Rise on which stands 19 Mitchell St, Rosebud.
*Extract from my HILL HILLIS journal.Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881 at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.
(Information from Family Tree Circles' toolaroo.)I think Elizabeth's mother's maiden name was Cairns. I also think than Ann White who married Henry Bucher was Robert's sister; she certainly came from Clackmannan, according to Peter Wilson in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.
1864. Robert,David and Alex Cairns were jointly assessed on 3 houses, each of four rooms, 320 acres with 8 of them cultivated and a lime kiln. The 320 acres included Menstrie Main.Robert White renting a house from Cairns Bros.
1879.Whether my transcription was faulty or the rate collector forgot them, I have no record. I did not record Fingal assessments and the Wannaeue land may have been included with Maroolaba etc.
1900. John M. Cairns was assessed on 100 acres Wannaeue which may have been part of Little Scotland.
1910.Robert Cairns 188 acres Wannaeue; Alex Henry Cairns,Wonthaggi, 5 acres 2A Wannaeue; Christopher Cairns 15 acres 2A Wannaeue; David Cairns 20 acres 2A Wannaeue; MrA.G.Engstrom 60 acres 2A Wannaeue; Edward Engstrom 20 acres 2A Wannaeue;Mrs J.T.Engstrom 20 acres+20 acres 2A Wannaeue owned by John Boyd who had married Mary Cairns. Robert Cairns was Back Road Bob and his 188 acres did not include any of Little Scotland so 7 acres were not assessed.
1919.David Cairns Jnr 10 acres; Mrs Janet Wilson,Boneo 60 acres. The owners of the other 107 acres might be somewhere among the thousands of new ratepayers but I'd be still transcribing two and a half years later, if I'd copied every assessment. It is possible that the other occupants of 2A Wannaeue were simply forgotten; the ratecollector described 2A as being in section B, but being west of Cape Schanck Rd,it was actually in section A.
MENSTRIE MAINS.(Melway 169 J (right half)K 10-11 with a frontage of 800 metres to Browns Rd and 718 metres to Boneo Rd.)
Clearing Sale. FREEHOLD LAND, STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, ETC. "BONEO, Wednesday, September 27, At 1 p.m. ;On the Premises "'Menstry Mains," BONEO. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. W. A. KORNES, Auctioneer, and L. WILDING, Agents in conjunction, HAVE received instructions from the Executors of the late Mr Alexander Cairns to sell as above: All that piece of LAND, being Crown Allotment 3, Parish of Wannaeue County of Mornington, containing 143 acres 2 roods 16 perches, or thereabouts, together with all erections thereon including a comfortable 7-roomed home stead, with a store building of two rooms,detached. Complete Stabling, Barn and Outbuildings. 'The land comprises some of the best in the district and the soil is of a dark sandy loam of good quality, splendidly adapted for the growing of early crops. The district is splendidly healthy and picturesque. The property is subdivided into 11 paddocks, securely fenced, and part wire netted, 100 acres thoroughly cleared. Paddocks all well watered and been sown down in English grasses. TERMS--One third Cash, balance in 1 and 2 years at 5 per cent. Possession can be given on completion of Contract of Sale. Title Certificate. ALSO 51 Crossbred Ewes with lambs, 11 2-tooth ewes, 3 Cows, 1 Steer, horse, Chaffcutter, and Horseworks, Jinker, Broad Wheel Dray, Roller, harness and Sundries. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-9-1911.)
Where did the farm name come from? From Stirling, just like the Cairns boys, of course!
83 Years Service on Farm.
A REMARKABLE record of length of domestic service is revealed in the case of the old "maid" of Menstrie Mains Farm. Menstrie, Stirlingshire. Known to several generations of her employer's family simply as Margaret, she has. served with the Gellatlys for 83 years, and is now aged 96. Margaret was only 13 when she "fee'd" herself for service at Menstrie Mains in the year 1848 and she has served all these years with practically unbroken time. Even now. within four years of being a centenarian. Margaret refuses to agree to her employer's suggestion that she should be taking things easier, and still "does her bit" about the farmhouse. Her only physical failing is a slight deafness. She can still read without the aid of spectacles.
(The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Thursday 14 April 1932 p 9 Article)
RATE RECORDS FOR MENSTRIE MAINS
1864. Robert, David and Alex were jointly assessed on Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains (177+143=320.)
1879. Recheck assessments.
1900. Alexander Cairns, Boneo, 144 acres, 3 (section)A, Wannaeue.
1910. Alexander Cairns, 144 acres, lot 3 of BarkersX. The rate collector wrote a cross because he realised that his description was wrong but didn't correct it. It should have been c/a 3, section A, Wannaeue.
1919. Mrs Helen Cairns,Boneo, 144 acres, c/a 3, A, Wannaeue. It should be Miss Helen Cairns, Alexander's 9th child:
i.e. 9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.
BACK ROAD BOB AND FERN VILLA.
The reason part of the name of Robert's house is in bold type is that in Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, the homestead was called Tornvilla and this has been repeated in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study and (I think) in LIME LAND LEISURE. I first became suspicious when I saw it written as Fernvilla in rate records. So I checked in trove.
Stephen P. Thompson wrote, stating that he had been instructed by Mr Robert Cairns, of " Fern Villa," Rosebud, to write in reference to a drain which had been made along the road opposite his property at Hobson's Flat. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-6-1906.) I will later copy and paste SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD, from my DRAMA (DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE.
Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway. The original track across the Survey (Safety Beach) used to emerge near Ponderosa Place and a more direct route would have seen them go along Palmerston Avenue to the on-ramp just before Arthurs Seat Rd enters the Park.
Ned Williams cut a road around Anthonys Nose in the mid 1880's and, because of cars, the road was improved in the 1920's. The early pioneers didn't mind using the Cape Schanck road, because that was where they were headed anyway, Maurice Meyrick to Boneo, Jamieson to Cape Schank and not much later,the Barkers to both and George Smith to Wooloowooloomooloo (which I think fronted Cape Schanck road just north of Little Scotland and became part of the Tootgarook Run in 1850.) The lime burners further west,such as Owen Cain, would probably travel down in limecraft or walk all the way from Melbourne as Frankston Pioneer, Henry Cadby Wells and his pregnant wife did circa 1840 to join Robert Rowley,their daughter being the first white child born in Sorrento.
With Holden's store, Watkin's Dromana Hotel, butcher shops and a pier popping up at Dromana,and then Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store, as well as the fishing village at Rosebud and the road around Anthonys Nose, the coastal route became more popular. Hence the road to Cape Schanck became known as the back road and by the early 1900's, it was called the HOBSON'S FLAT ROAD. (If you want a preview of SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD,enter these three words on trove!)
Back Road Bob occupied 108 acres under licence No. 4289 in 1877. This land had a frontage to Cape Schanck Road, now known as Bayview Road.(P.24 THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) This was crown allotment 32B of 108 acres 3 roods (Melway 170 J2), now full of streets named after cars such as Austin,Riley, and Daimler. Fairway Crescent must have resulted from a later subdivision. Bob received the grant for 32B on 23-12-1887.Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family.At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.
Robert received grants for c/a 32 of 20 acres on 23-1-1901 and c/a 32G of 20.75 acres on 26-?-1906.The first contained his house block and the second (roughly Melway 171 A2) is now part of Arthurs Seat Park.
After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate. This estate was probably at the end of the stupidly named Cairn* Rd where we see Marina Avenue (Melway 170 K 2.)*This should be Cairns Rd just as William Crescent, in which Edward Williams' limestone "Eastbourne" stands solidly at No.17, should be Williams Crescent!
The details of Little Scotland, Menstie Mains and Back Road Bob's 188 acres are given above. The details below are: Grantee;date of issue if on map; crown allotment; acreage; Melway location.
PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
*W.Cairns; 7-10-1924; 28E; 102a. 1r. 30p.; 171 C4 to Kings Walking Track.
E.Cairns; 17-2-1923; 30F; 49a. 3r. 35p.; 170 parts HJ 6-7, fronting W-F.G.Rd, Comet Crt,Coral Cl, Greenhill Rd, Bayview Cl blocks.
E.Cairns; 4-3-1918; 11C; 56a. 3r. 34p.; bounded by Jetty Rd Eastbourne Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd (170 F4.)
J.T.Cairns; 23-10-1890?; 6C; 19a. 3r. 21p.; J.T.Cairns; 4-5-1887?; 7A; 60 acres; (Both allotments comprise the green area in 254 C 2,3 and D3 fronting Limestone and Greens Rds, 6c being the northern rectangle.)
J.T.Cairns; 13-1-1886; 10A; 80a. 3r. 26p.; triangle north of 254 E4 bounded by the fire access track leading east from Limestone Rd and Greens and Baldrys Rds as far north as the McPherson Lane corner.
* This was Walter Cairns. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.
CAIRNS ASSESSMENTS IN WANNAEUE.(See above for Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains.)
Alex, owner and occupier, 295 acres (Menstrie Mains plus 152 acres.)
Janet and James T.Cairns 177 acres (owner J.Cairns and Co.)
James T.Cairns 149 acres leased from the crown.
Robert 109 acres and buildings leased from the crown (first part of Fernvilla.)
John M.Cairns, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1879. John M.Cairns?, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1900. Robert Cairns,188 acres i.e.Fern Villa.
David Cairns,260 acres, 13AB. Melway 171 B,E 9,10 fronting Gardens/Two Bays, and Purves Rd.
Chris Cairns 32D 9?? (See COMMENT BOX re C.Cairns, A.Russell and Jn.A Bayford.)
James Thompson Cairns 200 acres Wannaeue and Fingal. (See Fingal grants-40 acres?)
1910. Robert Cairns, Rosebud,188 acres, 32, 32B ( and 32C!) Fern Villa.
Annie Eliza Cairns,lots 29-32 of 17, 112 acres lot 1 of Barkers. C/A 17 was bounded by Pt Nepean, Jetty and Eastbourne Rds and the line of Norm Clark walk (east of Ninth Ave.) Barker's pre-emptive right was bounded by Boneo, Browns, (the closed) Grasslands and Limestone Rds. I do not have subdivision maps for either.
David George Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud,farmer, 111 acres,lots 8 and 9 of Barker's.
David Cairns 102 acres, 31A (This probably should be 130 acres 13A,half of the land he had in 1900.);84 acres 1 of 13A (another part of the 260 acres in 1900); 21 acres,26A,late L.E.Dawson. (Not part of Chapman's Seawinds so it must have been part of Edward Ford's 95 acre grant at the north west corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds,Melway 252 G3; 60 acres (53) Melway 169 H-K 2,3, bounded by the highway, Mirriam Ave,Eastbourne Rd and Elizabeth Ave. (C/A 53 of 60a.2r.34p.)
The following are all described as farmers of Boneo.
David Walter Cairns,95 acres, 2 of 13A??
William Walter Cairns,111 acres, 5 of 29A.
John Dalgleish Cairns,163 acres, 3 of 29A.
Mrs J.D.Cairns, 161 acres Wannaeue.
David and William Cairns, 128 acres,13AB, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and Mirriam Ave. (13B was Martin's Corner.) This was Eleanora Davey whose heritage house still stands at the hospital.
Walter Cairns,87 acres Barker's (probably "Eureka") and 103 acres Wannaeue (i.e.28E-see GRANTS.)
Edward Cairns, contractor,Rosebud, 60 acres, 50 acres, 2lots rosebud, lot 74 of 17; had just sold lots 49-54 of 17 to Alf Hanson.
Mrs Cairns,2 acres and building,Rosebud.
Extract from my GREEN HILLS journal.
lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean. (Melway 171C-F 7 south to Davos St, west to Gardens Rd.)
Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)
Mrs Annie Eliza Cairns (nee Symonds, Back Road Bob's wife), Fernvilla, Rosebud,lots 1,2,29, 30 of c/a 17 (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk.)
Robert Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 188 acres and buildings,c/a 32, 32ABC,and part 2 section B. The last bit was part of the Burrell's pre-emptive right.George Burston had 368 acres of it which probably included most of the 331 acres of part 2,which was south west of Cape Schanck Rd and south of a line joining the top of The Avenue and Pindara Rd (as far east as the McCrae/Arthurs Seat boundary.) If Robert did indeed have part of c/a 2 section B, he should have been assessed on more than 188 acres.(Fernvilla described earlier.)
James T.Cairns, Boneo, 110 acres and buildings (pt. c/a 2 section B, 81 acres 10A, 80 acres 6(2), 7A, lot 6 on Barker's P.) As described under CAIRNS GRANTS apart from the first entry, except that 6(2) should be 6C and that no land has been added on for lot 6 of Barker's pre-emptive right.
Christina Cairns, c/o Mrs R.Cairns,5 acres of Little Scotland.
Miss Helen Cairns (Walter's daughter), 144 acres and buildings (Menstrie Mains) and 135 acres part 13, section B (171 B-F 9.)
William Cairns, Boneo, 64 acres part 13AB section A (Boneo Rd to Chinamans Creek.)and 121 acres part 20A, section B (most likely all of the Bradys' 21C of 121 acres at Melway 171 K 10 to 190 A 10.)
Miss Eliza Cairns, Eleanora,Rosebud, 72.5 acres c/a13A, part 53 sect.A (the latter from Chinamans Creek to Elizabeth Ave; the former probably east of Chinamans Creek.)
David Cairns, Eleanora, Rosebud, 85 acres, part c/a 13B section B (171 B-F9.)
Mrs Elizabeth Cairns,Rosebud,(probably Rosebud Ted's wife,nee Bucher),lots 43-6 and building,part c/a 17 section A (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk), almost certainly across McDowell St from the Safeway car park entry,Ivy Patterson owning the next block to the west, according to a map drawn by an unknown pioneer.
Edward Cairns(Rosebud Ted), Rosebud, lot 74 and 85, c/a 17 (probably also on the south side of McDowell St), 50 acres c/a 30(2) section B, 57 acres c/a 31A section A. (The first should be 30F,and the second should be 11C, as described under CAIRNS GRANTS.)
WANNAEUE LAND OWNED BY CONNECTED FAMILIES.
If I remember correctly, I discussed this topic to some extent in my BONEO IN 1902 journal.
When Ray Cairns told me that his father, Hill Harry of Maroolaba, had married Mary Agnes Cain, I could hardly believe it; a Presbyterian marrying an Irish Catholic! It seems that our pioneers were far less bigoted than the adults I observed as a small child circa 1950. The Cains had been the mainstays of the Rye Catholics for many decades with priests brought across the bay conducting masses in Cain houses.(Rye Primary School 1667 by P.Appleford.) Owen Cain established Tyrone,between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd circa 1843, Centre Rd being his loading road where his bagged lime was taken down the hill and onto the sandbanks at low tide to be loaded onto limecraft. Either side of Centre Rd are streets named after the parents of Hill Harry's wife. Her father was Michael Cain and her mother's maiden name was Neville.
Most of the CAIN grants were in the parish of Nepean but Owen's son, John obtained the grant for one allotment fronting Main Creek Rd:
c/a 21A of 130 acres 2 roods 32 perches, granted on 5-3-1895 (Melway 171 K9 to 190 C9, Main Creek- not shown on the parish map- probably being the eastern boundary.) This was in the Centre Riding and in 1900, John was assessed on the 130 acre farm.
In the West Riding John Cain was assessed on 198 acres, 4A, Wannaeue. (Buildings were probably recorded but I did not transcribe these.) Crown allotment 4, section A, of 198 acres 1 rood and 25 perches adjoined Alexander Cairns'"Menstrie Mains" at a point 718 metres north along Boneo Rd from Browns Rd and continued north to Hiscock Rd, indicated by Melway 170 A7 (bottom third) to A 10 (top third), and extending west as far as Henry Wilson Rd does. This land now houses Bunnings and, just south, the historic remnants of the limestone house in which John Cain's "boys" lived, according to Ray Cairns. (John had no sons so you can guess that his daughters could do the work of any man!)
In 1910,John Cain, Portsea hotelkeeper,was assessed on 130 acres 21A (centre riding) and in the west riding Andrew Buchanan, a grazier from Flinders, was using the 198 acres as well as James Purves' c/a 5 and 6 of 316 acres, between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland,which McIllvray was occupying in 1900.(John may have been leasing the 198 acres from Purves in 1900.)
In 1919, Julia Cain was assessed on the 130 acres on Main Creek Rd. In 1910,James Liddle Purves, a prominent barrister, had just sold 814 acres including the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and John Cain might bought his Boneo Rd land soon afterwards.
John Cain, Rye,326 acres and buildings,part 4,5,6,section A, Wannaeue; 350 acres and buildings, c/a 12,part 4,section A,Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 12 was at the south west corner of Boneo and Eastbourne Rds, extending East to adjoin the present Village Glen (part of Edward Williams' Eastbourne)and south to the southern boundary of Eastbourne Primary School. Hence Cain St just south of the high school.
Although The Cains were a Rye family, by 1864 John and his brother Joseph were well acquainted with Dromana. John was the correspondent for the Board of Advice which was responsible for all the Common Schools within the Kangerong Road District. Colin McLear mentions a request made for improvements to the Dromana school by the correspondent, John Cain, "later of Rye." (Colin pictured the Board of Advice as being the Dromana school committee.) Joseph was one of the earliest grantees of crown allotments in the Dromana Township and was assessed on two lots in 1865. He might have been fishing out of Dromana when he drowned. Joseph's wife (Ann Murray?) went to live on "Tyrone"when he died;hence Murray St near Tyrone's western boundary.
The meeting to form the Kangerong Road board was held at Robert Cairns' house on Little Scotland and guess who one of the foundation members of the Board was: John Cain,who was a member of the Board/shire council for the longest unbroken period. (See my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.) However the first member of the Cain family to stray eastward, even before Robert Cairns arrived in 1852, was four year old Sarah Cain. (See my journal:
LOST! RYE, BULLA AND FRANKLINFORD, VIC., AUST.)
THE WILLIAMS, RUSSELL AND BUCHER LAND IN WANNAEUE IS DISCUSSED IN COMMENTS, THE LOCATION OF THE BUCHER LAND BEING PINPOINTED THERE AS WELL.
WILLIAMS (VIA EDMONDS).
Edward Williams,related to the Cairns family because of the marriage of his grandson,Ned Edmonds, to Edna, the grand-daughter of the original Alexander Cairns and daughter of Walter, received the grants to the following Wannaeue land.
C/A 27B of 132 acres, granted on 8-6-1875. Melway 169 F (right third),G12 to Eagle Ridge southern boundary with a 279 metre frontage to Truemans Rd in 252 F3.
C/A 39B of 93a. 2r. 8p., granted on 29-6-1877. Melway 169F, G (left half) 10 (south half), 11. Frontage to Browns Rd between the two bends with No.220 shown at the midpoint.
C/A 27A of 20 acres, granted on 2-10-1886. West of 27B, with a western boundary running from the Browns Rd bend in the top right corner of Melway 169 E12 to the Truemans Rd bend at the Peter Thompson Drive corner (from which the southern boundary runs due east to the middle of 252 F1.)
WILSON?????? (COUSIN OF GODFREY'S???? ROBERT WILSON, TRUEMANS RD TIP SITE ON ONLINE MAP.)
CAIRNS GRANTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL. ( The parish is south of Limestone Rd. All grants east of Boneo Rd.)
(Grantee; date of issue if given; crown allotment; acreage; location.)
A.H.CAIRNS; 12-7-1902; 2b; 149a. 0r. 37p.; east cnr Limestone (east to bend) and Grasslands Rds (south to No.415.)Melway 253 F 4-6. (Alexander Henry Cairns later moved to Wonthaggi and then Lyndhurst where he died.)
JOHN CAIRNS; 31-7-1885; 10A; 100 acres;fronting Grasslands and Rogers Rds including 505 Grasslands Rd and 176 Grasslands Rd. Melway 253 F-H 8.
ROBERT CAIRNS;8-9-1887; 11; 183a. 3r. 9p.; fronting Grasslands, Pattersons and Rogers Rds. Mel. 253E-H9, part E-H8.
DAVID CAIRNS; 30-3-1914; 9A; 40 acres; most of 253 J 9,fronting Rogers Rd.
JAMES CAIRNS; 29-3-1881; 12; 198a. 0r. 28p.; fronting Boneo and Pattersons Rds, Mel.253C-E 10-11. This was the selection taken up by the original Robert Cairns in 1871 and the site of the Maroolaba Homestead built in 1873 by him. James (1848-1914) was his eldest son but moved away to do contracting work and was buried at Macclesfield. Hill Harry took over the property which later passed to his sons, Charlie and the Boneo Bradman, Ray.
895 Boneo Road - Premium Victoria Real Estate & Residential ...
895 Boneo Road. FOR SALE. $1,900,000. Maroolaba ... and a graceful circa 1873 homestead, Maroolaba is steeped in history and awaits the next chapter in its .
C.CAIRNS; 28-2-1896; 18; 150 acres; bounded by Lightwood Creek and a closed road (Eastern Grey Rise continued to meet creek at left side of 260 B2.)
A.CAIRNS; 29-3-1905; 17; 160a. 3r. 17p.; Melway 260 C-D1, 254 C-E 12,east of the closed road.Adjoins c/a 18.
D.CAIRNS (Blacks Camp Davey); 19-1-1888; 29; 52a. 2r. 25p.; fronting Boneo and Long Point Rds with the north west corner opposite Jones Drive (golf course entry.)
? CAIRNS; 16-9-1901?; 28; 19a. 2r. 13p.; south of Long Point Rd,middle latitudinal third of 259 F4.
M.S. AND R.D.CAIRNS;27-7-24;17a; 22a. 2r. 38p.; bounded by Lightwood Creek(south west), Main Creek (south east) and a closed Road (connecting Greens Rd and the part of Eastern Grey Rise heading south west which crossed Lightwood Creek and joined Long Point Rd at the left side of Melway 260 B2, left half 260C1 andsouth east half 260 B1.
THE IN-LAWS' GRANTS IN FINGAL.
The death of Mr Archibald Haddow, which took place in Melbourne on Sunday last after a long illness, will be very much regretted by his numerous friends in this district. The deceased, who was 85 years of age, was a son of Mr Haddow, of Cape Schanck, and spent most of his life in the Mornington Peninsula. "For some years he was in business as a coach proprietor in this township, and for a term held the Flinders and Bittern mail contract. His good-natured disposition gained him the best wishes of all he came in contact with, and very much sympathy is felt for his widow (a daughter of the late Mrs Slattery, of Flinders) and his two young children. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Wednesday afternoon last, and the funeral was attended by a very large number of local residents. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 6-6-1908, Flinders.)
Archibald was probably A.Haddow who was granted crown allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal on 5-7-1883. Consisting of 147 acres, this land was on the corner of Cape Schanck and Pattersons Rds (Melway 253 D 8-9) fronting those roads and Grasslands Rd. It was across Grasslands Rd from the grants of John and Robert Cairns and across Patterson Rd from James Cairns' grant. Margaret Haddow married Carrier Harry Cairns who "lived on the corner of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds." This would be 9A Fingal (Melway 253B8),granted to architect E.Latrobe Bateman, and directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd from Haddow's c/a 9.Archibald sold the "147" acres to "Rudduck" between the assessments of 1888 and 1889,probably nearer the latter,otherwise the rate collector would have entered the assessment under R rather than H. H.N.Rudduck called it "Thornbank".
There was another Haddow/Cairns connection without the usual formalities and John Haddow found that Mary Cairns was high maintenance if you get my drift. (P. 2,Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)
Cairns and Haddow won many contracts with the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to supply road metal circa 1910.
Two Haddow girls married into the Tuck family.
Elizabeth Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
10 Records Born in Flinders, Victoria, Australia on 19 Jan 1885 to Thomas Tuck and Elizabeth Haddow. Elizabeth married John Pigdon and had 8 children.
Catherine Falvey Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
10 Records Born in Flinders on 1876 to John Tuck and Mary Haddow. Catherine Falvey married Cecil John Jennings and had 9 children. She passed away on ...
James Patterson's sister, Christina (known as Win or Winifred), married one of the Haddow men. Her mother was Christina (nee Cairns), thus providing a further link between the Cairns and Haddow families.
Archie Haddow's grant later became H.N.Rudduck's "Thornbank".
Firstly, a reminder of the many-layered Russell-Cairns family connection by way of Mrs Christopher Cairns' death notice. CAIRNS-On the 5th July, at East Melbourne,Margaret, dearly loved wife of Christopher Cairns (Boneo), beloved mother of Ethel and Oscar, youngest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Russell (Boneo), sister of Mrs. J. T. Cairns and Mrs. J. Cairns (Boneo), Mrs .D. Cairns (Flinders), Alex. Russell (Sorrento), Arch Russell (Tooradin), and the late Edward and William Russell, aged 50 years. (P.11, Argus, 10-7-1920.) At this stage, Ethel had not become Mrs Crichton.
Edward Russell had obtained a grant west of the Truemans Rd tip site in 1890 and may have lost it to creditors because of the depression that soon followed. However he obtained a grant in Fingal on what seems to be 15-3-1898. It was crown allotment 4, consisting of 79 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Located at Melway 253 J-K6, it was a five minute walk north along Grasslands Rd from land granted to John,Robert and D.Cairns.
R.PATTERSON (N.B.STENNIKEN,KENNEDY); 13-8-1885; 13; 244a. 2r. 4p.; south cnr Pattersons and Grasslands Rd, Mel.253 F-H 10-11, east of Maroolaba.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-3-1890 ;21; 197a. 3r. 34p.; south of Maroolaba to the bend in Boneo Rd,Melway 253 pt.C, D-E 12, 259 pt.C, D-E 1, pt.2.
J.PATTERSON; 18-2-1876 ; 22; 157a. 3r. 35p.; south of c/a 21 with Boneo Rd frontage from the first bend to a spot opposite the golf course entry (Jones Drive), roughly 259 C-D 2-3.
J.PATTERSON; 2-5-1901 ; 20 (2); 160a. 1r. 31p.; adjoined the eastern boundary of 22, containing some of the field and game area in 259 F 2-3, with its south east corner that of 259 F3. Surrounding H.N.Rudduck's c/a 23 (west corner of Long Point and Rogers Rd, Melway 259 G-H1-2, 153 bottom half D-E12), it had a 314 metre frontage to Rogers Rd adjoining Ralph Patterson's c/a 13. It was separated from William Patterson's c/a 21 by 20A (left half of 253 F12 and 259 F1.)
MARGARET PATTERSON; ?-12-1902 ; 24; 317a. 2r. 11p.; fronted south side of Long Point Rd ,part of which is now the part of the Long Point circuit heading east to Main Creek, Melway 259 H3 to 260 A3 and 259 G4 to K4.
RALPH PATTERSON; 5-9-1902 ; 27b; 75a. 1r. 36p.; 259 J 6-7 north of Long Point Rd.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-9-1902; 26; 119 acres; 259 K 5(bottom half)-8, north of Long Point Rd and fronting Main Creek.
R.Boyd; 8-7-1885; 19; 216a. 1r. 9p.; east corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds, 259 J-K 1-2 and north of the walking track in 260 A-B2, having a frontage to Lightwood Creek, across which were the grants of Chris and Alex Cairns (18 and 17) and as I just discovered 17A, granted to H.S? and A.D.Cairns, of just over 22 acres. About a mile up Rogers Rd were more Cairns grants. Robert Boyd, a carpenter, had been leasing this land from the Crown by 1879 and Mary Cairns,born in 1859 to the original David Cairns would have married John Boyd at about that time.
Rachel Stenniken married Ralph Patterson and two Cairns girls married Ralph's brother, William, so there was a family connection between the Stenniken and Cairns families.
MARY JANE STENNIKEN; 23-2-1902; 14; 142a. 0r. 9p.; between Rogers Rd and Lightwood Creek, Melway 253 J 11-12, across Rogers Rd from Ralph Patterson's c/a 13, with Robert Boyd to the south and C.Cairns to the south east.
Harry Prince married a Stenniken girl and came into ownership of Stenniken land in Fingal according to the late Ray Cairns, probably c/a 14.
ASSESSMENTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL FOR THE CAIRNS AND RELATED FAMILIES.
1879.(Most land was probably leased from the crown; only transcriptions done today note this fact.)
Robert Boyd, carpenter,216 acres leased from the crown.
Robert and James Cairns, yoemen,199 acres (i.e.Maroolaba.)
Archibald Haddow, farmer,147 acres and buildings leased from the crown.
James Kennedy, 150 acres leased from the crown. (See STENNIKEN above.)
James Patterson,151 acres leased from the crown.(The father.)
William Patterson, 191 acres leased from the crown.(Elder Son.)
Ralph Patterson, 243 acres leased from the crown.(Second son.)
(On 15-7-1852 the Pattersons sailed from Scotland. James was 35, as was his wife who died at the Ballarat, and their children were Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2.)
1919.(All but one are labelled section C, Fingal. Section C was east and north of Boneo Rd.)
Godfrey, David and James Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 110 acres c/a 6.
Mrs Joanna(J.T.) Cairns (Crossed out and replaced with "Wilson Bros"), 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Johanna Cairns, 52 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A. This must be "Alva Hill".
Alex Henry*(crossed out and replaced with Mrs Elizabeth) Cairns, Lyndfield, Lyndhurst,150 ac.c/a 2B.
Walter Cairns, 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Florence Catherine Cairns (Walter's wife, nee Laughton), 168 acres and buildings,part c/a 9a.
Harry Cairns (Carrier Harry), 12 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A, section A.(Should be section C.)
Charles Cairns 106 acres and buildings c/a 10a,part c/a 11.
Robert Cairns,(Fingal,Dromana), 177 acres,part c/a 11,66 acres and buildings, part c/a 12.
David Cairns (ditto),66 acres,part c/a 12.
Henry Cairns (ditto), (Hill Harry)66 acres and buildings,part c/a 12 (i.e. Maroolaba on a third of the grant.)
David and Robert Cairns(ditto), 161 acres c/a 17.
David and Henry Cairns (ditto),150 acres c/a 18.
Edward Cairns,Cape Schanck, 40 acres, c/a 9C.
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell,Sorrento), 80 acres,c/a 4.
Godfrey Ralph Patterson, (Cape Schanck),294 acres, c/a 1, 8 and 245 acres and buildings c/a 13, 20B.
William R. Patterson, (ditto), 198 acres and buildings c/a 21, and 215 acres and buildings c/a 25.
Ralph Patterson, Dromana, 142 acres c/a 14.
(H.N.Rudduck, Dromana, 147 acres and buildings,"Thornbank" c/a 9-Archie Haddow's grant.)
389 AND 390. Mrs Mary Ann Stenniken c/o H.Wilson. (i forgot to record land.)
John C.Symonds, Flinders, 1100 acres, c/a 34-8,part 40, 414 squiggle, whatever that means!
No assessments in Fingal for BUCHER, BOYD,KENNEDY
*As mentioned earlier, Alexander Henry Cairns moved to Wonthaggi but he may have gone to Lyndhurst first to help a relative, perhaps a half brother, and married Lyndhurst Lizzie. See my journal, THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO:LYNDFIELD,LYNDHURST.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.
The 1864 rate record shows that John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker and outbuildings, Fingal?? Given that the surname was written as Crighton for many years,and that in 1865, John was leasing an 8 roomed house and 640 acres from Barker, I believe that he was leasing part and then all of the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right, directly across Boneo Rd from Glenlee, for which he obtained the grant on 10-1-1875.
Glenlee, bounded by Browns, Boneo and Limestone Rds and extending west to the Eagle Ridge golf course's east boundary, was directly across Browns Rd from Alexander Cairns' Menstrie Mains and a jaywalk of just over 20 metres from Little Scotland (which was directly across Browns Rd from the Boneo pre-emptive right, where John Crichton had first settled. (The Barkers were more interested in their Cape Schanck run and the second house built there, in the parish of Flinders, became Clondrisse.)
With the two families having been neighbours since about 1860, it was inevitable that there would eventually be a family connection. To add to the neighbourly bond, Alex Crichton farmed Lovie's grants (40AB, 41, 42, 43)
by 1879 and for several decades. This 638 acre property,with frontages to Browns, Truemans and Hiscock Rds, extended east to the end of Henry Wilson Drive and is indicated by Melway 169 D-J 8,9,part 10, and 169 H, part G and J, 10-11. It adjoined one of Edward Williams' grants and Menstrie Mains, Alexander Cairns' grant.
Yet another instance of Cairns/Crichton being neighbours existed by 1879 with Hugh Crichton's 314 acres of bushland (10B and 9B at Melway 254 H 4,containing Splitters Creek, Valleyview Lane and Uplands Drive)being quite close to James Thompson Cairns' grants (Melway 254 E2 and C3.)
Most local historians stick to writing about their own turf but there were many instances (H.C.Wells, R.Rowley, Robert Morris,Tommy Loft and the Orr boys, Theodore Napier,Percy Hurren etc) where pioneers were cheeky enough to stray from their designated boundaries.Sarah Wilson disappeared from the Survey as did the Pattersons. The Pattersons suddenly appeared at Fingal circa 1870 and later "left the district" at about the same time as an unknown Patterson family appeared near Wallaces Rd on the east end of the Survey.
Most of the pioneers on Jamieson's Special Survey moved, but not very far. Henry Dunn established Four Winds at Red Hill and was a grantee in the parish of Moorooduc near Dunns Rd,the McLears, Peateys, Clydesdales, Gibsons, Watson Eaton and many other bought land near Dromana, Charles Graves went to Shoreham, George Wilson
at Stony Creek near Shands Rd, Anthony Connell and George Young went just north to Moorooduc and so on.
Using evidence in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO (when the sudden appearances and disappearances are ignored), it is possible to believe that the Pattersons returned to the original place of settlement when they left Fingal. There is still a gap but this might be explained by R.Patterson, grantee of crown allotment 44, parish of Balnarring, on 26-11-1874. This land (Melway 192 E 12 and south east to the coast)is not far from land granted to the Kennedy family.
We'll start with THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James Patterson, a ploughman aged 35, with his wife of the same age and their four children, Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2, left their home somewhere in the vicinity of Duns, in Berwickshire, Scotland, to try their luck in Australia. Duns is a short distance inland and west of the town of Berwick, situated at the mouth of the Tweed River, in South Eastern Scotland. They sailed on 15-7-1852 from Greenock, on the west coast of Scotland, at the mouth of the Clyde River, aboard the 1144 ton ship,the "Lord Warrington" which carried 381 passengers, all bound for Melbourne. The Pattersons were unassisted passengers.
After disembarking in October, the family tried the diggings at Ballarat where Mrs Patterson died and was buried. (In about 1871, the Pattersons came to the Southern Peninsula.) Do you share my feeling that about 20 episodes of the saga are missing? If you were James, wouldn't you look for a female relative to help bring up your children?
A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
P.27.A map showing early settlers on the Survey has the Peatey, Paterson and Clydesdale houses on the north bank of Dunns Creek roughly where the freeway crosses the creek near Lakeside Court. If the spelling of Patterson makes you doubt that this could be the Fingal family, Peter Wilson wrote:"On the shipping list Pattersons name is spelt with only one T".
P.45. Bruces of the well known firm of Paterson, Lang and Bruce had a house on the Survey just south of Ellerina Rd. (The Patterson name also appeared in business partnerships with Brownlee and Ray,surnames of early large leaseholds on the survey but there is no proof that the Fingal Pattersons were involved in any of these firms.)
P.47. The Wilson brothers bought land from Patersons, Downwards and Gibsons.
P.67. On 25-11-1888,Wm. Patterson's grey mare (JC) was put in the paddock with (George McLear's) Gay Lad.
P.85. Walter Paterson 1864. Lived at Cape Schanck. At one time a Paterson bought and held land on the Survey. This was on the north-east corner of Nepean Highway and what is now called Wallaces Lane. To old-timers the latter is still Paterson's Lane.
P.133. Among the first pupils on the register (presumably in 1873 when the Dromana Common School became a state school)were James, Isobel and Margaret Patterson.
P.62. Janet Patterson (Mrs Fred Warren.)An artist named Fred Warren a protege of Samuel Rudduck painted a religious text in the Dromana Methodist Church. He married Janet Patterson of Boneo. Mrs Warren conducted a refreshment shop in Dromana's main street during her long widowhood.
P.163. Jimmy Patterson was a member of Dromana Football Club's first premiership team in 1931. The photo on page 132 shows Bill Patterson but no Jim.
The above was intended to fill the void between Ballarat and Fingal,as were the family notices that follow. What I really need is a thorough obituary. I'LL KEEP LOOKING. (V&I.M?)
THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
p.26. It was not long after Robert Cairns moved from Little Scotland to a selection of 200 acres (198 acres elsewhere in the book)that the Pattersons came to the southern Peninsula. In 1876,James Patterson alienated (obtained his grant, after selecting and carrying out the required improvements,probably during a five-year lease) 157 acres at Fingal.The Pattersons selected all the land adjoining Robert's property."Braeside" was built on J.Patterson Snr's selection and was later owned by his namesake son. W.Patterson's 200 acre block was beside Robert's and R.Patterson's behind.Later the Pattersons owned a large frontage to the Boneo-Flinders road stretching from Long Point Rd to Main Creek (Melway 259 F5 to K8.)
The Pattersons were good horsemen and gained employment with James Purves at the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, often taking horses to Kirk's Bazaar at Flemington. As they cleared land, they grazed sheep and cattle, grew potatoes and supplied chaff for the cabbies at Sorrento (until they lost the contract with Stringers'.)
James Patterson's elder son, William (1846-1916) married David Cairn's Christina.They had a son, James(b.1871)and then three daughters: Janet (Mrs Warren), Sarah (Mrs Bucher) and Christina, known as Win (Mrs Haddow.) Christina died in 1877, when Win was only 5 weeks old. William remarried in 1880 to Robert Cairns' Margaret. They had one child, William, (1889-1953) who later married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns' and Elizabeth (nee Bucher.)
Jim (born 1871 but 1870-1948 later!)married Mary Ellis,(probably related to Smith Ellis of Flinders.)He extended Braeside using stone and later ran a guest house called Antrimin Sorrento's main street. In 1931, his two sons Alex and Ross established Pattersons Motors (near Rosebud Beach Safeway site-see ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Alexmarried May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, the younger of Rosebud Ted's daughters.Ross and Ivy's sons, Barry and Max, carried on Patterson's Motors(probably on the McCrae Plaza site, judging by Peter's description.)
PATTERSON.-On August 6, at his residence. Nepean Highway, Rosebud, James, dearly beloved husband of Mary Graham, loving father of Alex., Ross, Molly; and Janet, loving grandpa of Barry, Alan, Sandra, Margaret, Max, Katherine, and Michael, brother of Winifred (Mrs. Haddow). Janet (Mrs. Warren, deceased), and Sarah (Mrs. Bucher, deceased), aged 77 years. (P.11, Argus, 8-8-1949.)
James Patterson's second son, Ralph, married Rachel Stenniken and lived in a clay brick house in Pattersons Rd.
They had six children,Jim, Sam, Sarah(Mrs Kennedy), Jessie (Mrs Edwards), Topsy (Mrs Dean), and Godfrey. All of the family moved away from the district, Godfrey being the last to leave. He had four children who attended school at Cape Schanck, then at Boneo.
PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, 27 Shaftesbury avenue, Malvern, Ralph, relict of the late Rachel Patterson, and dearly loved father of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, de- ceased), James (South Africa), Godfrey (Belgrave), Margaret (Mrs. Edwards), Samuel (Sydney), and Jessie (Mrs Dean), in his 83rd year, late Cape Schanck. A colonist of 78 years.
PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, Malvern, Ralph, dearly loved grandpa of Ralph Kennedy, Muriel Hedley (nee Kennedy), Arthur Patterson (South Africa), Leslie, Sarah, Jean, Claire Patterson (Belgrave), George and Dorothy Edwards, Ivy, Olive, Rachel, Jack, Marie, and Kenneth Patterson (Sydney), Jessie, Alfred, and Frances Dean, late Cape Schanck.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 6 December 1930 p 13 Family Notices)
EDWARDS-PATTERSON -(Silver Wedding). -On the 21st November, 1904, at St. Mark's Church,Dromana, by the late Rev. Edwin Rodda, Arthur J., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Edwards, Daylesford to Margaret (Dollie), daughter of Mr. Ralph and the late Rachel Patterson, Cape Schanck. (Present address, Verona, 27 Shaftes- bury avenue, Malvern.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 November 1929 p 1 Family Notices)
PATTERSON. �On the 21st July, at Rokeby, David-street, Albury, the wife of James Patterson, of Walla Walla, N.S.W., late Cape Schanck �a daughter (Molly).
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 August 1910 p 11 Family Notices)
PATTERSON,(nee Debney).-On. the 14th December, at Mt. St Evins private hospital. Fitzroy, Jean Muirhead, beloved wife of Councillor G. R. Patterson, of "Pine Grove," Cape Schanck, and fond mother of Leslie Washington, and Sarah Rachel, only daughter of G. W. Debney, Dromana. (Privately interred Melbourne General Cemetery 15/12/16.)The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 December 1916 p 13 Family Notices
Rachel's sister Maria, married Godfrey Burdett Wilson, who led the rapid expansion of H.W.WILSON AND SONS,
BUTCHERS. TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT.
PATTERSON. On the 26th May, 1923, at her residence, McCulloch street, Dromana, Rachel,the beloved wife of Ralph Patterson, loving brother of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, deceased), Jim (South Africa), Godfrey, Margaret (Mrs.Edwards), Sam (Sydney),and Jessie (Mrs. Dean),and loving sister of Annie (Mrs. West), Sarah(Mrs. Kenyon), Maria (Mrs. Wilson), Samuel,Benjamin, Mary, and Elizabeth Stenniken, and Jesse (Mrs. Dalton), aged 73 years. A patient sufferer at rest.
PATTERSON (nee Stenniken). On the 26th May,at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Rachel, the dearly beloved wife of Ralph Patterson of Cape Schanck, loved mother of Sarah (deceased),James, Godfrey, Margaret, Samuel, and Jesse, 73 years 7 months. (P.1, Argus, 30-5-1923.) Rachel was a Stenniken and sister in law to the two Cairns girls who married Ralph's older brother, William. Therefore the Stennikens and Cairns were distantly related.
Three of David Cairns' sons married Russell girls.James (1840-1929) married Johanna,David (1842-1923) married Elizabeth, and Christopher (1863-1947) married Margaret. James and Christopher were buried at Rye and "Blacks Camp" David at Flinders. Their children are listed in the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.
Robert Cairns' son,John (1850-1914), married Mary Russell and was buried at Rye.
TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT RE RUSSELL GENEALOGY.
on 2013-05-31 10:49:37
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.