MRS. AMELIA CHADWICK (nee Rogers) WHO DIED IN BENALLA, VIC., AUST., IN 1908.
MRS. WILLIAM CHADWICK
The death took place on Friday evening
last of Mrs. Amelia Chadwick, relict of
the late Mr. Wm. Chadwick, for many
years the owner and licensee of the Far-
mers' Arms Hotel. The sad news occa-
sioned very deep regret, an the late Mrs
Chadwick was one of the most respected
and beloved residents of this town. During
the past six months she had been
suffering from paralysis, and owing to her
advanced age, 76 years, her recovery was
not expected, and, as stated, the sad
event occurred on Friday night at the
residence of her niece, Mrs Murray, in
Benalla-street. Mrs. Chadwick was a
native of Suffolkshire, England, and she
came out to this colony in 1852, and pro-
ceeded to the Broadmeadows district and
the following year she was married to Mr.
Wm. Chadwick, who predeceased her in
November 1902. For some time they carried
on a butchering business at Broad
meadows, but this they subsequently dis-
posed of, and took the Royal Mail(sic) hotel.
at the same place, afterward removing to
an hotel of same name at Essendon. Here
they continued for some years, and in 1877
they purchased the Farmers' Arms Hotel,
at Benalla, which, in those days was doing
a thriving business. Mr. Chadwick sold out
out of this hotel in August, 1901, to Mr
Pearcey. Mrs. Chadwick leaves two sons
Messrs, Martin and William Chadwick
for whom much sympathy has been ex-
pressed in their bereavement. The re-
mains were interred in the Benalla Ceme-
tery on Sunday last, and were followed to
their last resting place by upwards of 30
buggies.(P.2, Benalla Standard, 4-8-1908.)
Mrs Amelia, relict of the late William Chad-
wick, who for many years owned and con-
ducted the Farmers' Arms Hotel, has just
made her exit from the stage of life, her
death taking place on Friday evening last.
The cause of death was paralysis, from which
the deceased, who resided with her niece
(Mrs Murray), had suffered for some time
past. The late Mrs Chadwick, who had at-
tained the age of 76 years, was a native of
Suffolkshire, England. She arrived in Vic-
toria in 1852 and in the following year be-
came the wife of her late husband, who died
about 6 years ago, at Broadmeadows (sic*). After
a short career in the butchering business,
the newly married couple went into hotel
keeping in the same locality and then re-
moved to Essendon, where they conducted
the Royal Mail Hotel till 1877. In that
year they bought the Farmers' Arms Hotel,
Benalla, which they ran during the greater
part of their life afterwards, winning the
goodwill and esteem of all who had occasion
to have business, or social intercourse with
them. Six years ago they retired from busi-
ness altogether. The late Mrs Chadwick
was the mother of a family of three, two of
whom survive her - viz., Messrs Martin
Chadwick, one of the most prosperous and
largest hearted landholders of Lake Rowan,
and W. Chadwick, another esteemed and
well-to-do man, who resides at St. James.
The deceased lady herself was one of the
most generous and popular women who ever
resided in our midst - a most magnificent
type of that open - hearted Englishwoman
we used to meet in the days of boyhood
- one of those woman, indeed, whose hu-
manity and humility shone lustrously
throughout her life, who knew no such
thing as sect or creed where the cause of
Charity was concerned, and whose prac-
tical sympathy was the admiration of all
who were acquainted with it. Without
exaggeration it might he said that a more
estimable or a more esteemed, woman has
never, perhaps, resided in our midst, a fact
which was simply borne out by the large
number of people, old inhabitants, in par-
ticular, who followed her remains to the
grave. The obsequies at the interment
were presided over by the Rev. A. C.
M'Connan, of the Presbyterian Church, Mr
T. Hanlon carrying out the funeral arrange-
ments. (P.3, the North Eastern Ensign, 7-8-1908.)
*WILLIAM CHADWICK'S OBITUARY. YOU CAN'T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU READ IN THE PAPERS! AT LEAST THE PLACE OF DEATH WAS RIGHT, UNLIKE AMELIA'S SECOND OBITUARY. His brother was Thomas Chadwick who ran the Broady for a while and later the Laurel Hotel at Ascot Vale. If I remember correctly, he was buried at Bulla Cemetery.
Death of Mr. Wm. Chadwick.
Another old identity has passed away.
We refer to the death of Mr. Wm. Chad
wick, which occurred on Sunday night
last at the residence of his niece, Mrs. R.
Murray, Benalla-street. Although he has
been ailing off and on for upwards of two
years, death came rather unexpectedly at
the last. About two years ago Mr. Chad
wick began to suffer with liver complaint,
and the whole of last summer he spent
away from this district, returning to Be
nalla a little over two months ago, His
death removes one of the oldest colonists,
and the news as it spread on Sunday
night occasioned very deep regret, for as
a townsman and a business man the late
Mr. Chadwick was always held in the
highest esteem, his word being his bond,
while there were many others who had
occasion to look back on many kindly and
friendly actions. He was a native of
Leeds, Yorkshire, where he was born in
1824, and.when 26 years of age he de
cided to emigrate to Victoria, landing in
Melbourne in 1851 with his brother and
several of his schoolmates. The first
work that he and his brother did was har
vesting for the late John Fawkner at
Ascot Vale (Pascoe Vale), and after that they started as
butchers at Ascot Vale (Pascoe Vale), on the Deep
Creek road. In 1853 (1854) Mr. Chadwick was
married to Miss Amelia Rogers, who had
come out from Suffolkshire the year be
fore (in 1852), and the butchering business was
then entered into at Broadmeadows. After
a short time the brothers started in a
hotel business there, where they worked
together for a little time and then sepa
rated. Mr. Chadwick afterwards took
the Farmers' Arms hotel, Essendon, and
he remained in business there for a great
number of years. In 1877 Mr.Chadwick
purchased the Farmers' Arms hotel at
Benalla, and he carried on business there
until about 18 months ago, when he sold
out to Mr. Pearcey, For Mrs. Chadwick
great sympathy is felt in her bereave
ment. There were eight children of the
marriage — six boys and two girls— but
only Messrs. Wm. and Martin Chadwick
are now alive. The eldest girl was
drowned in a creek at Lake Rowan when
13 years of age. The remains will be in
terred in the Benalla Cemetery to-day,
the cortege moving from Mr. Murray's
residence at 2. 30.(P.2, Benalla Standard, 18-11-1902.
EventDeath Event registration number12553 Registration year1902
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesWm Goldsbrough SexUnknown Father's nameChadwick Wm Mother's nameCath (Unknown) Place of birth Place of death Benalla Age79
Amelia was possibly the daughter of George Rogers,who was, by 1857, one of the town's four or five butchers (P.1, BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY). However her death record does not name her parents, including the mother's maiden name. George was probably related to coach proprietor, Charles Rogers of Broadmeadows who was in financial difficulty by 1863.
Broadmeadows Township was that part of today's Westmeadows bounded by Foreman St, Hackett St (now part of Mickleham Rd), Kenny St and Lyons St (Melway 5 K6-7 to 6 D7.) It was a very busy town on one of the main routes to Sydney and the McIvor diggings near Heathcote. Pascoe Vale Rd was originally called the Sydney road with the Young Queen Inn just north of the Pascoeville bridge being a prominent landmark and until this road was extended to link with the new Sydney road via Clifford Rd, travellers would descend through the township and climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd (whose continuation to Wallan is still called Old Sydney Rd.) Those heading north through Tullamarine had to ford the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds until in 1854 a wooden bridge was built linking the two sections of Ardlie St. (It was not on the same site as the historic 1869 bluestone bridge as claimed on a metal plaque attached to it. An early Township of Broadmeadows map shows its location.)
All the public buildings were thus built on Ardlie St north, used by both lots of travellers. The Broadmeadows Hotel (Tavern), usually called Chadwick's Hotel in notices or reports of early meetings)is still on its original site but the first two buildings were destroyed by fire*. Uphill from this was a tiny store and then Jane Bryan's Victoria Hotel, with the police station across the road, and later the historic shire hall too. The history plaque on the Broadmeadows Tavern mentions that its (upper) car park was the site of the Victoria Hotel.
(*"By the bridge is the Westmeadows Tavern, the latest occupant of the site of the first Broadmeadows Hotel, where 125 years ago(in 1857)on Boxing Night,Mrs William Chadwick danced a polka with Constable King. The Tavern was created in 1982 by recreating the 1927 Broadmeadows Hotel, which in turn had replaced the original structure that had burned to the ground two years before." A reference to the story on pages 1-9. P.226 B.A.F.H.)
Noah Rogers, son of a Broadmeadows coach proprietor*, died at the age of 14 in 1863 and would not seem to be Amelia's brother. Elizabeth, probably George's wife, died in 1880 at the age of 67 and was recorded as a hotel keeper at Campbellfield.(The story and Burial Listing of The Will Will Rook Pioneer Cemetery, by Bezza and other friends of the cemetery.)
THE 1888 BIOGRAPHY OF AMELIA'S HUSBAND, WILLIAM GOLDSBOROUGH CHADWICK, CAN BE FOUND ON PAGE ___ OF ALEXANDER SUTHERLAND'S "VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT." (I'll write a summary later from my D.H.O.T.A.M.A.)
AMELIA'S MARRIAGE AND DEATH RECORDS.
EventMarriage Event registration number3651 Registration year1854
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesWilliam Gouldsbr SexMale Spouse's family nameROGERS Spouse's given namesAmelia
Unfortunately the names of Amelia's parents are not recorded as George and Elizabeth and since she was not born in Victoria there will be no birth record on https://online.justice.vic.gov.au/bdm/indexsearch.doj
EventDeath Event registration number8548 Registration year1908
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameUnknown Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathBenalla Age76
AMELIA'S DEATH NOTICE.
CHADWICK.—On the 31st July, at her niece's residence, Benalla-street, Benalla, Amelia, widow of the late William Chadwick, and beloved mother of William and Martin Chadwick, of Lake Rowan,aged 76.
(P. 39, Leader, 8-8-1908.)
However this death record, despite no detail re the place of death could be that of Amelia's mother.
EventDeath Event registration number4239 Registration year1880
Family nameROGERS Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's nameSavage John Mother's nameElizabeth (Stirling) Place of birthU Place of death Age67 Spouse's family nameROGERS Spouse's given namesGeorge
(Another Elizabeth Rogers died in 1880 aged 67 too.)
If Noah was Amelia's brother, her parents may have been Charles Rogers and Jane. Perhaps there were two or three Rogers brothers at Broadmeadows.
EventDeath Event registration number5964 Registration year1863
Family nameROGERS Given namesNoah SexUnknown Father's nameCharles Mother's nameJane (Unknown) Place of birthBROA Place of death Age6
MORE TO COME. (W.G. CHADWICK'S BIOG. AND BOOKS ABOUT THE CHADWICKS IN BENALLA FROM D.H.O.T.A.M.A., THE FARMERS ARMS AT ESSENDON.) Find George Rogers' death notice or Elizabeth's in 1880 re children?
From page 60+ of the C volume of DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND (1989+ and footnotes 2016.)
An early pioneer of Pascoeville,Broadmeadows and Essendon, William Chadwick ... took the name of his Essendon hotel to Benalla.We shall first examine his biography written in 1888.
CHADWICK, William, Benalla, is a native of Yorkshire, England, who arrived in this colony in 1852 and commenced work with Mr. J.P.Fawkner on the Pascoe Vale Estate on which he remained for six months after it came into the possession of Mr. James.(1) He then started a butcher's business on the estate# and after being there two years removed a mile away towards Deep Creek.(2)Thence he went to Broadmeadows and with the same business connected a hotel, remaining there for six years. He next proceeded to Essendon* where he carried on the same line of business (3) in conjunction with cattle dealing and after twelve years removed to Benalla where he still carries on hotel keeping being proprietor and licensee of the Farmers Arms. He has also 640 acres of land and carries on farming having 100 acres under wheat, oats and barley. He is married and has a family of four sons. (P.326, VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT, Alexander Sutherland.)
#Victoria and Its Metropolis biographies rarely mentioned siblings and partnerships but William's 1902 obituary does. The slaughtering licence at Pascoe Vale was obviously applied for by Thomas Chadwick.
SLAUGHTERING LICENSES.—Yesterday the following persons made application to the District Bench for slaughtering licenses. Matthew Price, Esq.,P.M., and William Thomas, Esq., J.P., were the sitting magistrates. The applications were all granted, viz., Mr. Henry Cousins, Brunswick ;Emanuel Grummett, Plenty-road ; John Hill, Sydney-road ; Alfred Norman Harris, Simpson's-road ; John Hawkins, Prahran ; John Kyte, Brunswick ; John Lock, Oakleigh ; John Perry, Gardiner's Creek ; George Petty, Flemington ; Thomas West, Brighton ; John Wilson, Flemington ; Arthur Harman, Bulla Bulla ; Thomas Chadwick,Pascoevale ; William Cain, Broadmeadows.
(P.5, Argus, 4-1-1855.)
*No daughters are mentioned. Full details of William and Amelia's children from two books about the Benalla area will be revealed later. This had been transcribed last night but I lost the edit page and countless hours of work. William moved to Essendon in 1864 and took over John Pitches' Farmers' Hotel and it was there that Amelia, who drowned at Lake Rowan 10 years before William's 1888 biography was written, was born.I recall an earlier daughter as well.
EventBirth Event registration number22034 Registration year1865
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthESSE
By 1878, William and Amelia seem to have forgotten whether Amelia had been born before or after the move to Essendon. Perhaps that was why William's timeline in his 1888 biography was so vague or perhaps they were too distressed to think straight and nominate Lake Rowan as the place of death. There was a report of her drowning and that of a 45 year old man included in one of the Benalla area books that Mrs Ivison let me borrow.
EventDeath Event registration number8969 Registration year1878
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthBROA Place of death Age13
(1)J.P.Fawkner was forced to sell off large parts of his estate circa 1843 when his run near Mt Macedon (whose name has been corrupted to Monageeta) was lost and his sheep became worthless due to the depression. He had shrewdly transferred the title of the land north of the village blocks (including the Young Queen site) to Victoria St to his wife Eliza, nee Cobb, but the land on the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd to Northumberland Rd was sold as small farms such as H.G.Ashurst's "Merai Farm", the biggest of them, later owned for many decades by John Kernan. Mr James must have bought one of the smaller ones, not the whole estate as implied.
(2)Eyre Evans Kenny's "Camp Hill", c/a's 3 and 4, section 4, Tullamarine, stretched from Broadmeadows Rd to the Monee Ponds Creek. In 1847, Macedon road (today's Melrose Drive) was surveyed through the property and within a hsandful of years became the great road to the diggings (via Bulla and Sunbury) until Samuel Brees' elevated timber bridge at Keilor was built in 1854. Kenny tried to establish the village of Gretna Green on what became Manfield's triangle between Broadmeadows Rd and Melrose Drive. It fizzled and the triangle became three portions of 26 acres (roughly between Sharps Rd and Carol Grove) a middle section of 52 acres north to about Sycamore Ave and a northern portion containing the shops, of 11 acres.
On 20-2-1865 Frances Ann Kenny sold the southern 26 acres to Thomas Washbourn and William Goldsborough Chadwick. This was probably the property "a mile away towards Deep Creek" to which William had moved and probably leased for some years before buying it. He would now be much closer to the township and the land was close enough to Essendon to be useful when he moved to Essendon but David Mansfield owned it by 1868. In 1858, being a Wesleyan,William was appointed to the Board of Broadmeadows National School 27 to lessen the predominance of Presbyterians on that body.He and Amelia, whom he married in 1854, probably had a 3 year old by this stage.It is possible that Amelia's father and William became acquainted when the latter started butchering.(P.40, B.A.F.H.)
(3) Same line of business meant hotel keeping etc. and as trove demonstrates, most of the years at Essendon were spent at hotels called the Farmers Arms, the 1874 version built by William still standing on the south west corner of Buckley St (Braybrook Rd because it led to Solomons ford since 1835) and Mt. Alexander Rds. The one whose licence was transferred from John Pitches to William Chadwick in 1864 was probably a stone's throw south of the corner near Pitches St.
NOTICE.-Transfer of Publican's Licence.-I,JOHN PITCHES, the holder of a publican's licence for the house and premises known as the Farmers' Hotel, Essendon, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Court of Petty Sessions holden at Flemington on the 24th October, 1864. to TRANSFER the said LICENCE to William
Given under my hand this 6th October, 1864, at Essendon. JOHN PITCHES.(P.3, Argus, 20-10-1864.)
...;permission was granted to Wm. Chadwick to remove his present licence from the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Essendon,
to a new house at the corner of the Braybrook and Mount Alexander-road, Essendon, to be known as the Farmers' Arms Hotel.(P.3, The Age, 24-6-1874.)
During the afternoon several showers fell, which materially interfered with the condition of the running ground, as well as the comfort of the spectators, who however, found partial shelter in a large refreshment tent erected by Mr W.Chadwick, of the Farmers' Arms, Essendon. (Athletic Sports on "Windy Hill", P.6, Argus, 5-10-1874.)
HOTEL.-Farmer' s Hotel, Essendon -This well known house is to LET. For particulars apply on premises, to William Chadwick, or R M'Cracken and Co , brewers.(P.8, Argus, 5-10-1876.)
William was certainly on the ball about the twelve years spent at Essendon, 12 years and 4 months.
FROM PAGE 60+ OF VOLUME C OF MY DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND, CIRCA 1989.
Take 2 of my transcription will be much reduced from my first (lost) effort and deal mainly with William and Amelia's children. If Benalla residents can't borrow the two books, send me your email address in a Family Tree Circles private message and I'll attach the C file in an email reply.
Mrs Ivison, widow of Rex, who built the Ardmillan Reception Centre in Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds (where my wife worked),grew up in Benalla and recalled Chadwick's paddock. She generously let me borrow her two books:
BENALLA SKETCHED, by Judy Bassett and A JOURNEY THROUGH THE THE PARISH OF KARRABUMET,by Joyce Charnstrom and Jacye Syme.
William and Amelia's children (eight in number as stated in William's 1902 obituary with BDM details in bold type) were:
JOHN EDWARD, b.1855. Died single at Benalla in 1888. Selected 36A (Karrabumet?) in 1877.
ELIZABETH, b.1857.EventDeath Event registration number446 Registration year1858
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Unknown) Place of birthVICT Place of death Age1
CHARLES WILLIAM, b.1859. EventDeath Event registration number5153 Registration year1860
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesCharles William SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameElizabeth Place of birthBRO Place of death Age2. I presume his grandmother's name was accidentally taken to be his mother's name BY THE REGISTRAR.Bezza &Co.'s Will Will Rook list give the age as one year two months.He is described as a butcher's child, so he was obviously William and Amelia's boy.
MARTIN GOLDSBOROUGH, b.1863. Married Susan Riley in 1885.Commenced farming 36 ABD etc. Retired to Melbourne 1923.
AMELIA, b.1865. Drowned at Lake Rowan 18-8-1878.
THOMAS, b.1869. EventDeath Event registration number3833 Registration year1871
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's nameThomas Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthESSE Place of death Age2. The Will Will Rook book gives the date of death as 14-5-1871 and the age as 2 years 5 months.
JOHN, b.1872. Died 1898 at Benalla.
on 2016-12-15 00:20:00
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.