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New South Wales 1841 Census

Journal by janilye

SUMMARY:

NEW SOUTH WALES. Census of the Year 1841.
The results of the Census taken, pursuant to the provisions of the
Census Act of 1840, officially published by the government.

The returns consist of five large tables.
It is, impracticable to lay these tables in their original
form.
They are reduced to a form which will be equally accessible and
convenient for reference, at the same time contain all details
which are necessary for general purposes.

The Census includes the population and houses in the different counties,
in the Commissioners districts beyond the bounderies of location,
and in the penal settlements, and the number of persons employed on board
colonial vessels, on the 2nd March, 1841.

The total number of the population is given at 130,856.
The number of houses is given as 16,776,

of which, although 1,447 were unfinished,
there were only 331 uninhabited. Of these houses 6,375 were of stone or brick,
and 10,401 of wood.

The population, as to its civil condition, is stated as follows :
Free males, 61,324 of these 14,819 were born in the colony;
30,745 arrived free;
15,760 are described in the terms of the Act as "other free persons."
Free females, 40,425 of these 14,630 were born in the colony
22,158 arrived free;
and 3,637 are described as "other free persons."
making the total of the free population 101,749 souls.
Bond males, 23,814 of these 5,843 held tickets of leave;
6,658 were in government employment;
and 11,343 in private assignment.
Bond females, 3,133 of these 316 held tickets of leave ;
979 were in government service; and 1,838. in private assignment,
making, the total Bond population 20,977.

In addition to the above it is stated that 2,130 males are employed in colonial vessels
no particular information regarding them could be obtained.

Free population
Males 61,324
Females. 40,425
Bond Males. 23,844
Bond Females. 3,133
- 128,720
Employed in colonial vessels. 2,130
Total.... 130,856

As to religious persuasion or profession the numbers are given as follow :
Church of England - 73,727;
Church of Scotland,- 13,153;
Wesleyan Methodists,- 3,230 ;
Protestant & Dissenters,- 1,857
Roman Catholics, - 35,690;
Jews, - 856
Mahomedans and Pagans, - 207,

The return as to the occupations of the various classes is not very satisfactory,
but it is not materially important. It states that;
4,477 are landed proprietors, merchants, and professional persons
1,774 shopkeepers, and retail dealers;
10,715 mechanics and artificers ;
the remainder are to be divided into shepherds,
agricultural labourers, domestic servants, &c.

The County of Cumberland contains,
according to the Census Returns, 58,108 souls.

The County is divided into thirteen hundreds, viz:
Sydney, Parramatta, Liverpool, Woranora, Southend, Campbelltown, Bringelly,
Evan, Richmond, Windsor, Hardlnge, Dundas, and Packenham.


The Hundred of Sydney again is divided into nine parishes.

St. Phillip is stated to contain 9,838 souls, of whom
5,752 are males, and 4,080 females.
Free Population. Of the males. 1,094 were born in the Colony;
3,797 arrived free, and 564 are described as other free persons.
Of the females, 1,151 were born in the Colony, 2,577 arrived free, and
209 are described as other free persons.
Bond, There were 33 ticket-of-leave holders 100 in Government employment,
and 164 in private assignment.

Females, 8 ticket-of-leave holders, 2 in Government employment,
and 139 in private assignment.
Free Males... 5455
Free - Females .... 3,937
- 9,392
Bond Males... 297
Bond - Females .. 149
- 440
Total......... 9,838
Of these;
Church of England, - 5467
Church of Scotland, - 1,203
Wesleyan Methodists, - 231
Protestant denominations, - 226
Roman Catholics, - 2,527
Jews, - 136
Mahomedans and Pagans. - 48

There are 159 returned as landed proprietors, &c,
244 as shopkeers and dealers,
920 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder as domestic servants, gardeners, &c, &c.

St. Phillip's parish contains 1,444 houses, of which 1,136 are of brick or stone, and
308 of wood; 1,407 of these were inhabited; 29 were unfinished, and only 37 uninhabited.

The next parish is St. James, which contains 6,081 inhabitants,
3,620 males, and 2,461 females.
Of the former, 608 were born in the Colony
1,924 arrived free ;
295 are classified as other free persons;
44 are ticket-of-leave holders;
626 are in Government employment, and
123 in private assignment. Of the latter,
624 were born in the Colony;
1,574 arrived free,
115 are described as other free persons ;
8 are holding tickets-of-leave,
4 are in Government employment, and
136 are in private assignment thus making the Free
Males ....... 2,827
Females... 2,313
5,140
Bond Males .. 793
Bond - Females .148
- 941
Total.. 6,081

These are divided into
Church of England, - 3,650
Church of Scotland, - 402
Wesleyans, - 155
Protestant & Dissenters, - 164
Roman Catholics, - 1,544
Jews, - 155
Mahomedans and Pagans. - 7
There are 186 returned as landholders, &c.,
200 as shopkeepers and dealers,
702 as mechanics and artificers, and the remainder as
domestic servants, gardeners, &c.
St. James' parish contains 802 houses, of which 645 are stone or brick, and
157 of wood, At the time the Census was taken, 6 of these were unfinished,
and only 7 uninhabited.

St. Lawrence's parish which stands next on the list, has 4,814 inhabitants;
2,707 males, and
2,157 females. Of the males.
2,421 are free, and
286 bond, and of the females,
2,011 are free, and
126 bond ; thus making the
Free Males .. 2,421
Females.... 2,011
4,432
Bond Males ...286
Bond females... . . . 136
412 Total. 4,844
Of these,
Church of England, - 2,633
Church of Scotland, - 422
Wesleyan, - 110
Protestants & Dissenters, - 191
Roman Catholics, - 1,392
Jews, - 88
Mahomedans, - 2

The number is also divided as to occupation, as follows :
70 landed proprietors, &c ;
126 shopkeepers and dealers;
737 mechanics and artificers,
and the remainder domestic servants, &c, &c.
This parish contains 767 houses, of which 550 are of stone or brick,
and 217 of wood; 746 are inhabited, 17 unfinished, and only 21 uninhabited.

The next parish is that of St. Andrew : it contains 6,925 inhabitants
3,827 males, and
3,098 females;
of the males 3,708 are free, and 119 bond;
of the females 2,998 are free, and 100 bond.
Thus making the
Free Males.. 3,708
Free Females .. 2,998 6,706
Bond Males . .. 119
Bond Females ... 100
219 Total.. 6,225
Of these
3,461 belong to the Church of England,
872 to the Church of Scotland,
252 are Wesleyans,
195 other Protestant Dissenters,
2,063 Roman Catholics,
79 Jews, and
3 Mahomedans and Pagans.
As to occupation they are divided into 78 landed proprietors, &c,
189 shopkeepers and dealers,
1,203 mechanics and artificers, and the remainder are described
as domestic servants, gardeners, &c.
The parish contains 1232 houses 867 of stone or brick,
and 365 of wood; of these 1,214 are inhabited.

The parish of Alexandria contains 3,313 inhabitants
1,899 males, and 1,444 females;
of the former 1,493 are free, and 406 bond ;
of the latter 1,372 are free, and 72 bond.
Thus making the
Free Males .. 1,493
Free Females. ...... 1,372 2,865
Bond Males .. 406
Bond Females ..... 72
478 Total.. 3,343

The above are divided into
Church of England, - 1,844
Church of Scotland, - 278
Wesleyans, - 83
Protestants, - 119
Roman Catholics, - 940
Jews, - 4
Mahomedans and Pagans, - 35
There are 98 landed proprietors,
28 shopkeepers,
242 mechnnics, the remainder domestic servants, &c.
The parish contains 475 houses 330 stone or brick, and 145 of wood;
451 are inhabited.

The parish of Botany is returned as containing 554 inhabitants,
319 males and 235 females.
Of the males
248 are free and 71 bond;
of the females
225 are free and 10 bond,
Thus
Free Males ........ 248
Free Females ... ..225
473
Bond Males .. ..71
Bond Females .... 10
81
Total.. 554
Of these
Church of England, - 385
Church of Scotland, - 60
Wesleyans, - 26
Protestants, - 6
Roman Catholics, - 77
Of landed proprietors there are 36, mechanics and artificers 32 ;
the remainder servants, gardeners, farm labourers, &c.
There are 112 houses; 28 of stone or brick, and 84 of wood ; 99 are inhabited.

The parish of Petersham contains 1903 inhabitants,
1201 males and
702 females. Of the former 791 are free and 410 bond ; of the latter 764 are free and 38 bond.
Thus
Free Males .. 791
Free Females .. 664 1,455
Bond Males ... 410
Bond Females ... 38
448 - Total.. 1,903
Of these
Church of England, - 1,151
Church of Scotland, - 157
Wesleyans, - 50
Protestants, - 59
Roman Catholics, - 475
Jews, - 9
Mahomedans, - 2
There are 35 landed proprietors, 7 shopkeepers, and 120 mechanics ;
the remainder are domestics, gardeners, farm servants, &c.
There are 274 houses in the parish, 107 of stone or brick and 167 of wood;
273 inhabited.

In the Parish of St. George there are 453 in habitants,
288 males and 165 females;
of the males 238 are free and 50 bond ;
of the females 154 are free and 11 bond.
Of these
Church of England, - 305
Church of Scotland, - 38
Wesleyan, - 1
Protestant, - 1
Roman Catholics, - 107
Pagan, - 1
There are 10 landed proprietors, 53 mechanics,
the remainder servants, gardeners, &c. &c.
There are 87 houses, 10 of stone or brick and 77 of wood ; 83 are inhabited.

Concord has 884 inhabitants, 548 males and 336 females,
of the males 411 are free and 137 bond;
of the females 311 are free and 25 bond.
Church of England, - 607,
Church of Scotland, - 32
Wesleyans, - 2
Protestants, - 9
Roman Catholics, - 234

There are 32 landed proprietors, 7 shopkeepers, and 83 mechanics,
the remainder are servants, gardeners, &c. &c.
Concord has 145 houses, 30 of stone or brick, and 115 of wood;
136 are inhabited.

Having thus disposed of the Hundred of Sydney, we next come to that of Parramatta,
which is divided into six parishes, viz. :

Hunter's Hill, Field of Mars, Castle Hill, Prospect, St. John, and Liberty Plains.

This hundred contains 8,808 inhabitants, of whom
4,645 are males, and 4,163 females.
Of the males 3,599 are free and 1,046 bond;
of the females 3,073 are free and 1,390 bond.
(This includes 804 in Government employment or Factory.)
Liverpool is divided into four parishes,

Bankstown which contains 217 inhabitants, 95 males and 64 females;

Saint Luke which contains 1,242 inhabitants, 795 males and 447 females;

Minto which contains 278 inhabitants, 169 males and 169 females; and

Holsworthy which contains 184 inhabitants, 110 males and 74 females.

Woranora is divided into four parishes, which together contains 63 Inhabitants,

Southend is divided into three parishes, containing 120 Inhabitants,

Campbelltown is divided into four parishes, containing 2,442 inhabitants,

Bringelly is divided Into three parishes, containing 966 inhabitants.

Evan is divided into three parishes, containing altogether 1,293 inhabitants.

Richmond is divided into four parishes containing altogether 2,610 inhabitants,

Windsor is divided into four parishes containing 2,736 inhabitants.

Hardinge is divided into 3 parishes, containing 460 inhabitants.

Dundas is divided into five parishes, containing 360 inhabitants.

Packenham is divided into five parishes, which contain 1,502 inhabitants.

The County of Cumberland is stated to contain, as
will be remembered, 58,108 inhabitants;
and these are divided as to their civil condition in the following manner:
Free Males, .... 27,997
Females, .... 22,203 50,200
Bond Males ....5,766
Bond - Females ..2,142
7,908 Total,. 58,108

The county of Argyle contains 3,397 inhabitants ;
of these 2,434 are males and 963 females. Of the males 1,436 are free,
and of the females 899. The bond males amount to 998 ;
of these 316 are ticket-of-leave holders, 145 in Government employment,
and 537 in private assignment; the bond females amount only to 64,
Thus the population of Argyle, as to its civil condition stands thus :
Free Males ...... 1,436
Free Females .... 899 2,335
Bond Males 998
Bond - Females .... 64
1,062
Total.. 3,397
Of these
1,799 belong to the Church of England,
451 to the Church of Scotland,
4 Wesleyans,
21 other Protestants,
1,087 Roman Catholics,
30 Jews, and
5 Mahomedans and Pagans.
As to occupation, 102 are returned as landed proprietors, &c,
24 as shopkeepers and dealers, 157 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder are left to be divided between domestic servants, shepherds, farm-labourers, &c,
The number of houses are returned at 295,
94 of stone or brick and 201 of wood, all in habited except 4.

The next county on the list is Bathurst, the inhabitants are stated to be 2,465 ;
1,793 males, and 672 females. Of the males 1,089 are free, and of the females 628 are free.
The bond males number 704, of these 243 are tlcket-of-leave holders,
42 are in Government employment and 419 in private assignment;
the bond females amount only to 44.
Thus the population as to civil condition stands as follows :
Free Males, 1,089
Free - Females .... 628
1,717 .
Bond Males, 704
Bond - Females. . . . 44
743
Total .. 3,465
Of these
1,416 belong to the Church of England,
247 to the Church of Scotland,
124 are Wesleyans,
3 other Protestants,
671 Roman Catholics, and
4 Jews.
As to occupation, 89 are returned as landed proprietors, &c.,
27 as shopkeepers and dealers, 133 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder are servants, shepherds, agricultural labourers, &c.
The district is said to contain 257 houses; 125 of stone or brick and 132 of wood,
all inhabited.

We next come to county Bligh, the population of which is returned at 546.
473 males and 73 females.
Of the males 212 are free, and of the females 72 are free.
The bond males are 261 in number, viz., 80 holding tickcts-of-leave,
2 in Government employment, and 179 in private as signment;
there is only 1 bond female.
Thus as to civil condition the population of Bligh stands.
Free Males, 212
Free - Females...... 72
284
Bond Males, ...261
Bond - Females, 262
Total. ... 546
As to Religion,
320 belong to the Church of England,
54 to the Church of Scotland,
1 is a dissenter,
200 are Roman Catholics, and
1 a Jew.
As to occupation, 18 are stated to be landed proprietors, 3 shopkeepers and dealers,
18 mechanics and artificers, the remainder to be divided amongst servants, shepherds, &c, &c.
The number of houses is stated to be 31, 4 of brick or stone, and 27 of wood.
Thirty of these are stated to be inhabited.

Brisbane, the next county on the list, is stated to contain 1,560 inhabitants,
1,210 males and 350 females ; of the males 685 are free, and of the females 334.
The Bond males number 625 ; of these 200 hold tickets-of-leave,
2 are in government employment, and 423 in private assignment; there are 16 bond females.
The civil condition may be thus stated :
Free Males, 585
Free - Females.... 334
919
Bond Males, 625
Bond - Females.. . 16
641
Total, 1,560
The religious classification is as follows;
Church of England 899,
Scotland 203,
Wesleyan 1,
other Protestants 10,
Roman Catholics 445,
Jew 1,
Mahomedan 1.
Of landed proprietors there are 30, shopkeepers 5, mechanics 99,
the remainder to be taken as shepherds, farm labourers, &c., &c.
The number of houses is stated at 94, 18 of stone or brick, and 76 of wood,
all inhabited except I,

Camden, the next on the Returns, is stated to possess a population of 6,286 souls;
4,114 males and 2,172 females. Of the males 2,862 are free, and of the females 2,058 are free.
There are 1,252 bond males, consisting of 372 tlcket-of-leave holders,
263 in government employment, and 617 in private assignment.
There are 114 bond females.
So the civil condition of the population of Camden is as follows:
Free Males, 2,862
Free - Females .... 2,058
4,920
Bond Males, 1,963
Bond - Females .... 114
1,306
Total.. 6,880
The religious denominations are thus given;
3,359 Church of England,
749 Church of Scotland,
164 Wesleyans,
49 other Protestants,
1,929 Roman Catholics,
86 Jews.
1 Mahomedan.
The occupations are given thus; landed proprietors, &c, 450,
shopkeepers 80, mechanics 549,
the remainder to be divided as stated with regard to previous counties.
There are also stated to be 933 houses, 137 of brick or stone,
and 796 of wood, of which 927 are Inhabited.

Cook, the next county on our list, is returned as having a population of 2,892 souls ;
1,854 , males and 1,036 females; of the males 1,411 are free,
and of the females 1,010 are free.
The bond males number 443 ; of these 162 hold tickets-of-leave,
155 are in government employment, and 126 in private assignment.
The number of bond females 1s 28, thus the population stands :
Free Males, 1,411
Free - Females .... 1,010
2,421
Bond Males, 443
Bond - Females .... 28
471
Total.. 2,892
Of these the Church of England claims 1,796,
the Church of Scotland 211 ;
83 are stated to be Wesleyans,
22 other Protestants,
770 Roman Catholics,
6 Jews,
4 Mahomedans or Pagans.
The occupations are set out as follow :
landed proprietors, 152, shopkeepers, 32, mechanics, 113 ;
the remainder of the population to be divided as in other counties.
Of houses there are stated to be 480; 61 of stone or brick, 419 of wood ;
478 inhabited.

Cumberland is the next on the list of Counties.
We have before given a lengthened abstract of the return for the county,
and therefore shall not repeat it here.
'Durham, County, has 6,238 inhabitants, 4,287 males, and 1,951 females.
Of the males, 2,754 are free, and of the females, 1,839 are free.
The bond males number, 1,033 ; of these, 421. hold tickets-Of-leave,
22 are in Government employ ment, and 1,090 in private assignment.
The bond, females amount to 112. The population as to civil condition, will be found to stand thus:
Free Males, 2,754
Free - Females..., 1,839
4,593
Bond Males, 1,533
Bond - Females .... 112
1,645
Total ..6,238.
The division of the populatlon as to religion is given in the following manner :
Church of England, 3,568,
Church of Scotland,- 1,024,
Wesleyans, 96,
other Protestants, 65,
Roman Catholics, 1,440,
Jews, 21,
Mahomedans or Pagans, 19.
The number of landed proprietors, &c. is given at 255,
shopkeepers, 45, mechanics, 413,
leaving the remainder to be divided as stated with regard to previous counties.
The number of houses is stated to be 764 ; 52 of stone or brick, and 712 of wood;
757 inhabited.

Georgiana is stated to contain a population of 749 souls ; 563 males, and 186 females.
Of the former, 375 are free, and of the latter, 112,
The number of bond males is 188 ; 64 of these hold tickets-of-leave,
8 are in Government employment, and 116 in, private assignment;
the bond Females are only 6 in number.
Thus the population as to civil condition is :
Free Males, 375
Free - Females .... 180
555
Bond Males, 188
Bond - Females .... 6 .
194
Total .. 749
Of these,
429 are stated to be of the Church of England,
46 of the Church of Scotland,
1 Protestant Dissenter,
273 Roman Catholics.
Their occupations are stated as follows :
35 landed proprietors, 1 shopkeeper, 22 mechanics ;
the remaining number to be divided as stated with regard to other counties.
There are stated to be 64 houses ; 7 of brick or stone, and 57 of wood, all inhabited.

Gloucester, the next County on the list, is stated to contain a population of 1,424 souls;
1,051 males, and 373 females. Of the males, 506 are free, and of the females, 354 are free.
The bond males 545 ; of these 101 hold tickets of-leave, 1 is in Government employment,
and 443 are in private assignment ; the bond females are 19 in number.
The civil condition of the population consequently stands thus:-
Free Males, 506
Free - Females, 354
860
Bond Males, 545
Bond - Females, 19
564
Total.. 1,424
The religious classification is as follows :
Church of England, 907,
Church of Scotland, 133,
Wesleyans, 33,
other Protestants, 15,
Roman Catholics, 327,
Jews, 4,
Mahomedans and Pagans, 5.
The occupations are stated as 46 landed proprietors,
7 shopkeepers, 169 mechanics; the remainder to be divided Into the various other basics,
The number of houses is given at 274 ; 39 of of brick or stone, and 235 of wood;
261 in habited.

Hunter, the next county in the returns, is returned as having a population of 999 souls,
655 males and 344 females. Of the males 614 are free, and of the females 337.
The bond males number 141, and the females 7.
Thus the civil condition of the population of county Hunter is:
Free Males, 514
Free - Females, 337
851
Bond Males, 141
Bond - Females .... 7
148
Total .... 999
To the Church of England belong 733,
Church of Scotland 46,
14 are Wesleyans,
201 Roman Catholics,
3 Jews,
2 Mahomedans.
There are 75 landed proprietors and shop keepers and 47 mechanics, the remainder divided into the various classes not mentioned as in other counties.
The number of houses is stated to be 174 ; 11 of brick and stone and 163 of wood;
172 in habited.

King county is returned as containing a population of 598 souls,
433 males and 165 females.
Of the males 260 are free, and of the females 147.
The bond males are 171, 69 holding tickets-of-leave, and 104 being in private assignment;
the bond females number 18.
Thus the civil condition stands as under :
Free Males,. 260
Free - Females, 147
407
Bond Males ...... 173
Bond - Females .... 18.
191
Total .... 598
Of these 368 belong to the Church of England,
14 to the Chureh of Scotland,
1 Wesleyan,
2 other dissenters,
213 Roman Catholics.
Landed proprietors are 23 in number, shopkeepers 4, mechanics 31,
the other classes occupying the remainder of the population.
There are 64 houses, 7 of stone or brick, and 57 of wood, 63 inhabited.

Macquarie, the next county, is stated to have a population of 3,409 souls,
1,919 males and 490 females. Of the males 837 are free, and of the females 381.
The bond males number 1,082, of these 150 hold tickets-of-leave,
691 are in Government employment, and 341 in private assignment.
The bond females amount to 109.
Thus the civil condition of the population may be stated as follows: -
Free Males, 337
Free - Females, 981
1,318
Bond Males .... 1,082 ,
Bond - Females,... 109
1,191
Total 2,409
Of these 1,361 are returned as belonging to the Church of England,
290 to the Church of Scotland,
37 Wesleyans,
39 other Protestants,
709 Roman Catholics,
89 Jews,
4 Mahomedans or Pagans,
Of landed proprietors there are 89, shopkeepers 16, mechanics 336,
the remainder may be divided in the same way as stated in previous counties,
The number of houses is 121, 47 of brick or stone and 74 of wood, 120 inhabited.

Murray County is returned as containing a population of 2,111 souls.
1,562 males and 549 females; of the males 896 are free, and of the females 535;
the bond males number 666, of these 186 hold tickets-of-leave, 34 are in government employment,
and 446 are in private assignment ;
the bond females amount to 24.
Thus the civil condition may be recapitulated as
Free Males ..... 896
Free - Females .... 525
1,421
Bond Males... 666
Bond - Females,.....24
690
Total .. 2,111
Of these 1,024 belong the Church of England
238 to the Church of Scotland,
6 are Wesleyans'
26 other Dissenters,
806 Roman Catholics
11 Jews.
Landed proprietors 105, shopkeepers 18, mechanics 127,
the remainder to be divided amongst the other classes.
The houses are said to be 274 in number, 31 of brick or stone, and 143 of wood 172 inhabited.

Northumberland County is returned as containing a population of 9,975 souls.
6,567 males and 3,408 females ; of the males 4,362 are free and of the females 3,125.
The bond males number 2,205; of these 632 hold tickets-of-leave, 618 are in government employment,
and 955 are in private assignment.
The bond females amount to 283.
The population as to civil condition will stand thus :
Free Males, 4,362
Free - Females.... 3,125
7,487
Bond Males .... 2,205
Bond - Females .... 283
2,488
Total . 9,975
The Church of England claims 6,291,
Church of Scotland 835,
160 are Wesleyans,
63 other Protestants,
2,566 Roman Catholic,
46 Jews,
14 Mahomedans or Pagans. ;
The landed proprietors are stated at 442
shopkeepers, at 203, and mechanics at 1,085.
There are stated to be 1,272 houses, 338 of stone or brick, and 934 of wood,
1,261 inhabited.

Phillip County is stated to contain 453 inhabitants, 363 males and 90 females ;
of the males 195 are free, and of the females 85.
The bond males number 168, of whom 43 hold tickets-of-leave, 9 are in government employment,
and 116 in private assignment. The bond females are only 5.
Thus the civil condition may be recapitulated as
Free Males, 195
Free - Females ,.... 85
280
Bond Males ...... 168
Bond - Females .... 5
173
Total ..463
Of these 259 are of the Church of England,
37 of the Church of Scotland,
3 Wesleyans,
153 Roman Catholics,
2 Jews.
Landed proprietors are put down as 19, shopkeepers 1, mechanics 13.
There are 23 houses, 5 of stone or brick and 18 of wood, all inhabited.

Roxburgh, the next county on the list, contains 1,520 inhabitants, 1,074 males and 446 females.
Of the males 700 are free,and of the females 406.
Of bond males there are 374. 159 holding tickets-of-leave, 5 in Government em ployment,
and 210 in private assignment; the bond females are 40 in number.
The civil con dition of the inhabitants of Roxburgh will show then ;
Free Males, 700
Free - Females . .. 406
1,106
Bond Males, 374
Bond - Females .... 40
414
Total .. 1,520
These are divided as to religion into the following classes:
Church of England 919,
Church of Scotland 159,
Wesleyans 40,
other Protestants 5,
Roman Catholics 388,
Jews 9.
Landed proprietors are numbered at 67, shopkeepers at 13, and mechanics at 89.
There are 137 houses, 69 of stone or brick and 68 of wood, all inhabited.

Saint Vincent, County, has a population of 1,762 souls;
1,308 males and 454 females. Of the males 686 are free, and of the females, 434.
The bond males are 622 in number, of them 175 hold Tickets-of-Leave, 22 are in Government employment,
and 425 in private assignment.
The bond females are 20 in number.
Thus the civil condition of the population of Roxburgh may be stated as follows :
Free Males, 686
Free - Females .... 434
1,120
Bond Males, 622
Bond - Females .... 20
642
Total .. 1,763
Of these
262 belong to the Church of England,
259 to the Church of Scotland,
6 are Wesleyans,
6 other dissenters, 5
26 Roman Catholics,
3 Jews.
Landed proprietors are returned as 48, shop keepers 6, and mechanics 89.
There 137 houses; 9 of brick or stone and 128 of wood; 136 inhabited.

Wellington, the next County, contains 510 in habitants, 390 males and 120 females.
Of the males 236 are free and of the females 113. The number of bond males is 164;
52 holding tickets-of-leave and 102 in private assignment; the number of bond females is 7.
The civil condition stands thus:
Free Males, 236
Free - Females .... 113
349
Bond Males, 154
Females .... 7
161
Total ....
510 Of these 331 belong to the Church of England,
40 to the Church of Scotland,
3 are Wesleyans and 136 Roman Catholics.
There are 10 landed proprietors, 6 shopkeepers and 25 mechanics.
There are 37 houses; 12 of brick or stone, and 25 of wood; all inhabited.

Westmoreland has a population of 619 souls; 435 males and 184 females.
Of the males 312 are free and of the females 179.
The bond males number 123, of whom 50 hold tickets-of-leave, and 73 are in private assignment.
There are 5 bond females.
The civil condition of this population is therefore as follows:
Free Males ...... 312
Free - Females .... 179
491
Bond - Males, 123
Bond - Females .... 5
128
Total .... 619
Of these, 200 are of the Church of England,
46 of the Church of Scotland,
9 Wesleyans,
7 other protestants,
267 Roman Catholics.
There are 37 landed proprietors and 15 mechanics.
There are 90 houses; 7 of brick or stone, and 83 of wood; 88 are inhabited,

We now come to tho Commissioners' District beyond the boundaries, These are nine in number, namely Wellington, Bligh, Lachlan, Monaroo, Murrumbidgee. Peel's River, New England, Clarence River, M'Leay River

Wellington has a population of 935 souls, 837 males and 98 females.
The free males are 466 in number and the free females 95.
The bond males are 371 in number; of them 128 hold tickets-of-leave.
9 are in Government employment, and 234 in private assignment.
There are 3 bond females.

Bligh has 672 inhabitants; 577 males and 95 females.
Of the males 339 are free and of the females 94.
The bond males are 238 in number; 71 hold tlckets-of-leave, 5 are in Government employment,
and 162 in private assignment.

Lachlan has a population of 1,345 souls; 994 males, and 251 females,
Of the males 649 are free and of the females 244.
There are 345 bond males; 121 hold tickets-of-leave, 9 are in Government employment,
and 315 in private assignment.

Monaroo has a population of 1833 souls; 1509 males and 374 females.
Of the males 1041 are free, and of the females 370.
The bond males are 498 in number; 198 hold tickets-of-leave, 6 are in Government employment, and 294 in private assignment.

Murrumbidgee has 1639 inhabitants; 1208 males and 261 females.
Of the males 782 are free and 272 females are free.
The bond males are 476 in number; 104 hold tickets-of-leave,
35 are in Government employment, and 277 in private assignment.
There are 9 bond females.

Peel's River District has 1591 inhabitants ; 1424 males and 167 females.
Of the males 795 are free, and of the females 158. The bond males number 629;
of these 178 have tickets-of-leave, 17 are in Government employment, and 445 in private assignment.
There are 9 bond females.

New England has 1115 inhabitants; 1003 males and 112 females.
Of the males 536 are free, and of the females 107.
The bond males are 467 in number; 76 hold tickets-of-leave, 11 are in Government employment,
and 380 in private assignment. There are 5 bond females.

Clarence River District has 416 inhabitants, 343 males, and 73 females.
Of the males, 237 are free, and of the females 71.
The bond males number 106; 11 hold tlckets-of-leave, 10 are in Government employment,
and 85 in private assignment. There are 2 bond females.

M'Leay River District has 584 inhabitants ; 443 males, and 141 females.
Of the males, 229 are free, and of the females, 123.
The bond males number 214 ; 60 hold tickets-of-leave, and 154 are in private assignment.
There are 18 bond women.

At Moreton Bay there are 200 souls ; 176 males, and 24 females.
Of the. males, 45 are free, and of the females 22.
The bond males number 131 ; 1 holds a ticket-of-leave, and 130 are in Government employment.
There are two bond females.

Norfolk Island here there are 1,288 bond males, and 3 bond females.
There are 254 free males, and 102 free females.

district of Port Phillip, which according to the census contains 11,738 inhabitants.
Of these 8,274 are males, and 3,454 females.
Of the males 8274 are free, and 518 bond ; of the females only 6 are bond.
We have thus concluded our synopsis, which may be resumed as follows :
Free Males .. 61,324
Females, 40,425
101,749
Bond Males .. 23,844
Bond - Females, 3,133
26,977
Employed in Colonial Vessels 2,130
Total 130,856





Sources
New South Wales State Records
The Australian
(Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848)
Saturday 4 September 1841
Tuesday 7 September 1841
Transcription, janilye
4 June 2012

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on 2012-06-04 01:20:01

janilye - 7th generation, Convict stock. Born in New South Wales now living in Victoria, carrying, with pride 'The Birthstain'.

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