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Northland - " KAITAIA " and surrounding areas

Journal by edmondsallan

source Claudia orange - Northland places

edmondsallan - hello . a quick journal before the tennis in aussie

Northernmost town in New Zealand, with a 2001 population of 5,151. Kait&#257;ia is the commercial and service centre for a rural area farming mostly sheep, cattle and dairy cattle. Local industry is mainly the processing of dairy produce and timber, sawmilling, and general engineering and building.
Explorers and missionaries

The Far North Regional Museum holds an enormous anchor lost off the coast in December 1769 by the French explorer, Jean Franois Marie de Surville.

The Ng&#257;ti Kahu and Ng&#257;ti Kur&#299; tribes had dwelt with Te Rarawa in the district for some decades before the Te Rarawa leader N&#333;pera Pana-kareao invited missionaries into the area. The land made available for purchase once held six p&#257;. At the mission station, established in 1833 by Joseph Matthews and William Puckey, 61 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi on 28 April 1840. Two early churches were replaced in 1887 by St Saviours Church. In its cemetery are the graves of the two missionaries and N&#333;pera.
Early settlement

In the early years, M&#257;ori assisted with building, planting and road-making, and grew wheat and food crops. They took their produce to Auckland markets in their vessel, the Fairy. A few Europeans arrived in the 1850s, and settlement expanded rapidly between 1870 and 1900, when kauri-gum diggers, including many from Dalmatia, set up. The Yugoslavian Social Club is a legacy of the districts gum-digging days, as are the many Dalmatian surnames, sometimes held by descendants of M&#257;oriDalmatian unions. Milling of native forest and flax made Kait&#257;ia the Far Norths commercial centre by 1900.
20th-century development

In the 1920s promotion of settlement began in earnest. Go north, young man, was the cry of Allen Bell, who laid out the town and established a newspaper, the present Northland Age. But the town remained isolated. Kait&#257;ia was long dependent on the small river port of Awanui, 7 km north, from where scows took kauri and gum down the Awanui River and out through Rangaunu Harbour. A proposed rail link stopped at &#332;kaihau, 73 km south-east. The growth of farming and forestry, together with better highways and an air service from 1947, improved links with other settlements and regions.
Economy today

Kait&#257;ias economy has been supported by the planting and harvesting of exotic forest on the Aup&#333;uri Peninsula. Recent ventures include vineyards and fruit growing, and arts and crafts businesses. But in 2001 unemployment rates were nearly twice as high as for the country as a whole. The median annual income was $13,600 (compared with $18,500 nationally). In the early 2000s the population (of which over 50% identify themselves as M&#257;ori) had not increased for some years.
Ahipara

Township at the southern end of Ninety Mile Beach, 14 km south-west of Kait&#257;ia. Situated on Ahipara Bay, Ahipara is 18 km north-west of Ahipara Hill, a former gum-digging area and now the site of a historic reserve. The M&#257;ori population of Ahipara in the 1950s was reported on (under the name K&#333;tare) by anthropologist Joan Metge, in A new M&#257;ori migration: rural and urban relations in northern New Zealand (1964).
Herekino Harbour

Inlet 26 km south-west of Kait&#257;ia. It is sometimes called the Herekino River as it is an estuary for many streams, rather than a harbour. The township of Herekino is at its head. The Herekino forest contains fern birds and one of the few stands of large kauri in the north.
Wh&#257;ng&#257;p&#275; Harbour

Inlet 42 km south-west of Kait&#257;ia via Herekino. In the 19th and early 20th centuries several trading and passenger vessels, including the Leonidas, the Lionel, the Geelong and the River Hunter, were wrecked at its treacherous entrance.


Till we meet again -Regards -edmondsallan

Surnames: EDMONDS
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by edmondsallan Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2011-01-23 15:41:30

edmondsallan , from auckland .nz , has been a Family Tree Circles member since Aug 2010. is researching the following names: CLAYTON, EDMONDS.

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