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Passengers on the barque Indian 1849

Journal by janilye

Arrival Tuesday 7 August 1849 Port Adelaide South Australia

Departed Plymouth - 8 April 1849 and Port of London - 16 April 1849 at 4 o'clock
Cost - £14/-/-



The barque Indian, 591 tons, J. F.English, Master (Captain Isaac Thorney), from London..

Passengers A. Bristow, Esq.,and Dr Sanford, Surgeon Superintendent, in the cabin;

The following Emigrants In the steerage :

George Andrews, Caroline Arnold Alfred Barlow, Joab Beazley, S. Benbringe wife and child, A Bennett wife and two children (one child born during the voyage), W. Bennett wife and two children, E Birkin wife and two children, J. Bowes wife and two children, Anthony Bradley and wife, H. W. Bowes, Elijah Branford, John Brown, John Barne and wife, W. Buxton, Jas. Charles, John Clarke and wife, Benjamin Conke, John Cook wife and two children, Amos Cousins and wife (one child born during the voyage), Richard Dakin and wife, W. M. Dale wife and one child (one child born during the voyage), W. Denley, John Eley wife and three children, J. B. Elliott, G. Etheridge, J. Evans wife and three children, Catherine Fleming, H. Fish wife and child, Herbert Gater, W. Godson, J. P. Goodman, Thomas Gould, W. J. Green, Ralph Gregory, Margaret Harizon, Joseph Hill wife and five children, R. Holdworth wife and two children, W. Hough, Ellen Hough, Sam. Hempston, A. Hunt and wife (one child stillborn on the voyage), Samuel Illingworth and wife, T. Irons wife and six children, Isaac Jarvis. Mary A. Johnston, W. Johnston wife and three children, Jesse Johnston wife and four children (one born during the voyage), Joseph King, D. Knife and wife, Rebecca Lewis, Fanny Malom, Margaret McEwen, Ann Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall, John H. Marshall, Mary Marshall, W. R. May wife and child, I. Moorcroft and wife (one child stillborn during the voyage), R. Murphy wife aud two children, H. Newbold wife and two children, J. Peacock wife and three children, J. Pearce wife and child, J. Prence wife and four children, T. Paine and wife, W. Peach wife and two children, J. Ritchie wife and child, A. Robertson and wife, J. Sampson wife and two children (one born during the voyage), W. Sanderson wife and child (one born during the voyage), C Sewell, T. Shaw wife and three children, Ann Simms, H Stiggants and wife J Stringer wife and child, T. Snashall wife and child (one child died and another born during the voyage), J. Stokes and wife, G. H. Theobald, D. Thomson wife and child (one child born and died within a few days), J. Thomson wife and two children, Caroline A. Thwaites, Ellen M. Thwaites, Jacob Tootell, J. Tootel wife and two children, B. Turner wife and child (one child born during the voyage, and one died aged six months), W. Ansom wife and five children, Elizabeth Walters, Mary Welshwood, W. Wood wife and four children, J. Wright and wife, A. H. May.

Cargo of The Indian;

20 hhds, 10 barrels, Acraman & Co. 392 deals, A. L. Elder & Co. 100 casks, Order; 147 tons coals, 30 Yards water-pipes, G. S. Walters : 1 case, 5 trunks, T. C. Bray ; 651 bars, 50 arm moulds, 98 cart boxes, A. L. Elder & Co.; 1 box, S. stocks, jun.&Co. ; 48 cases, 7 half-hhds, 10 casks, C. and F. J. Beck ; 50 casks, A. L. Elder ; 1 box, Smillie ; 5 cases, J. Heathcote ; 3 boxes, 2 bales, P. Cumming and Son; 114 butts, C. and F. J. Beck.

NOTES:
11 babies born on the trip (incl. 2 stillborn and one neonatal death), 2 other children died and some families travelling with 5 or 6 children!
Public meeting by emigrants and complaints against the First Mate during this voyage and numerous other complaints surrounding this voyage caused a change from The Passenger Act of 1842 to The Passenger Act of 1849



transcribed by janilye
from the South Australian Register
20 May 2010


NOTES on the The INDIAN 1849

(On August 30th 1849 a meeting of the emigrants from on board the INDIAN met at the "Norfolk
Arms in Rundle Street, Adelaide, for the purpose of hearing the statements of a number of persons
who were dissatisfied with the way in which the ship was found, and 97 passengers signed
complaints against the captain, the 2nd mate, the purser, the captain's clerk, the surgeon and the
steward for a range of things including assault, fornication, adultery, selling of ardent spirits,
permitting gambling aboard the ship, smoking and drinking between decks and other crimes.
E.L. Grundy Esq was invited to preside.
In opening the business of the evening he stated that,
although not personally involved, he took a lively interest in emigration affairs and, almost as soon
as he arrived he found that the office of Emigration Agent was in abeyance. On his reporting this
to his Excellency the Governor, Captain Brewer was almost immediately appointed.
Captain Brewer's report to the Government commented that the selection of immigrants in general
needed closer attention.

He discussed some of the problems on board the ships including an occasional need to discipline,
and indicated a need to provide an area of confinement on board the ships.
Mr Grundy agreed, declaring 'they are sending us the sweepings of old England' and that, if public
opinion and the attention of the press was directed towards the complaints raised by many of the
immigrants and settlers, these matters could be remedied. [applause]

Some of the INDIAN complaints:

Mr G. WILSON of North Adelaide, spoke on behalf of Miss Caroline Arnold, who was in service with
Mr MYERS of Morphett Vale, and therefore was unable to be present. She was a young woman of
superior manners and education for her status in life. Before she left England she was assured that
every protection would be afforded her on the outward voyage. "Miss ARNOLD complains that very
soon after she went on board, the second mate (Mr Hames) and the steward went down to the
cabins occupied by the single females, and took liberties with them. She repelled the advances of
these ruffianly men (termed officers of the ship), and when she reported their conduct to the
Captain, he dismissed he complaint telling her he could not receive it without confirmation. This, in
her case was difficult as only five or six besides herself had resisted the indecent attentions of the
brutal fellows."
At length she was again compelled to complain and the Captain investigated the matter, and
declared that Miss Arnold would be confined if she complained again. Several voices interjected
"It's true, I heard him".
To save herself from the annoyances of the second mate, she had been compelled to take refuge
at night in the births of the married people's children, sleep in her clothes for weeks together and
could only change her linen during the daytime. Miss Arnold was never asked by the Boarding
Officer if she had any complaint. Apparently many of the emigrants believed that if they did
complain, their luggage might be detained, or destroyed.

Mr WILSON also cited the case of a plasterer Mr SHAW who took a box of valuable plaster moulds
(valued at £20) on board with him. This person, like many others, openly complained of the
shortness of provisions, and was often seen noting down the irregularities to which they were
subject. He naturally set great store by his moulds, and was greatly distressed to find his box was
badly damaged and most of the moulds irreparably destroyed.

Mr Joseph HILL and his wife, both elderly gentlepeople and of quiet deportment, saw the "goings
on" and was determined, if possible, to preserve the virtue of their two elder daughters (aged 19
and 22). Because their efforts were successfull, they were subject to physical abuse by the second
mate (throttling him, thrusting his knees into the old gentleman's bowels, and nearly breaking his
leg). Mr HILL concluded by stating that on arrival he had to pay 27s duty and 7s extra expenses
before the Captain would allow his luggage to be landed. (His family consisted of six people
brought out a total of 15cwt 3qrs 12lbs of luggage, and the Ship's Charter allowed them 10cwt per
adult.)

Mr BOWES had two daughters, and could confirm the statements of the previous
speakers regarding the second mate who was also in the habit af being tipsy. Mr BOWES also
mentioned the extraordinary "short commons" - where sixteen people dieted off on tins of soup and
bovill, weighing 6.5lbs.

Mr PEARCE remarked that, on one occasion when under the influence of strong liquor, the second
mate went below and declared "he would send the ship and passengers to hell". In such imminent
danger were they that Mr PEARCE had frequently known Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) to rush
from his berth in his night-dress to right the ship, and had, for the safety of the ship, often done
double duty. Following a complaint by one of the crew to the Captain about short rations, the
Captain had him locked up. The crew "struck" and the ship was running for a week towards the
South Pole without an able-bodied seaman to work her.
Mr PEARCE continued by mentioning that, following passengers quietly discussing the food
shortage, the second mate announced he would weigh the meat out himself, and the first man
who complained would be thrown overboard. [loud applause]

Mr BURNES confirmed all the above and went on to discuss the provisions, and admitted that,
following his complaints, his wife used to fancy he had been pitched overboard if he stayed on
deck longer than usual. He also complimented the first mate as the saviour of the ship, and
confirmed that the second mate used to rattle at the door of the single womens area demanding
admission, and demanded the keys from the matron. Mr BURNES declared that the doctor could not
possibly plead ignorace of the second mate's nocturnal behaviour.

It was elicited during the meeting that, in contravention of the Passengers' Act, spirits had been
openly sold during the whole voyage to the emigrants and crew, and that the captain is exposed
to a penalty of £100. Constable STOKES admitted he had sold between 30s and 40s worth of porter
and ale to the emigrants, and about £5 to the ship's crew. STOKES was aware of the shortage of
provisions supplied to the emigrants, and had frequently deprived his own mess in order to help
make up the deficiencies of the others. The Passengers had drawn up a Memorial to the Doctor
and Captain, and eventually the provisions were increased.

Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) attended this meeting and, at the conclusion, was presented with
a Memorial of Appreciation.

When it seemed that no attention was being paid to the above charges, the emigrants from the
INDIAN declared "having, on two public occasions", and had heard that an opinion had gone
abroad "that no case had been made out to justify his Excellency's interference", now felt bound to
reiterate these serious charges against the Captain and certain members of the crew (not one of
which has been disproved). "Since the forgoing document mentioned was adopted for signature,
His Excellency has withheld the gratuitites normally paid for service to the passengers on these
emigrant ships were witheld in this case." The Governor also severely reprimanded the
Immigration Agent Mr BREWER for the very tardy and imperfect manner in which he investigated
and reported on the emigrants complaints by that vessel. Mr BREWER was later dismissed from his
privileged position as Agent
.
This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.
Notes:
1. A letter was written by ten families on August 31st, 1849 and published in the SA REGISTER.
They felt it their duty to exonerate the accused officers, and declared they were well treated and
perfectly satisfied during the voyage.

2. Mr BECK, of C & FJ Beck, stated at the meeting on September 10th, that there were no surplus
stores on board the INDIA. If so they must have been landed, because this company advertised a
sale by auction at the Port, of the Surplus Stores &c. of the barque INDIAN.

Captain THORNEY appeared in the Adelaide Police Court on October 3, 1849 in relation to false
documents which had come to light regarding the stores on board the INDIAN.

This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.

Source:-
http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/1849IndianAffair.htm

by janilye Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2011-07-27 23:32:27

janilye - 7th generation, Convict stock. Born in New South Wales now living in Victoria, carrying, with pride 'The Birthstain'.

Do you know someone who can help? Share this:

Comments

by ngairedith on 2012-01-08 06:34:43

I'm wondering if descendants of the above Samuel Illingwarth moved over to NZ

will have to research that

by janilye on 2012-01-08 06:55:34

If you do I will link it

by janilye on 2012-01-08 07:00:02

Poor Caroline Arnold had a dreadful time of it. Maybe I should look into a few of these passengers and see how they finished up.

by ngairedith on 2012-01-08 07:13:35

that would make good reading, as Caroline's story certainly is

by ngairedith on 2012-01-08 07:15:22

you need to 'turn off' your italics under NOTES in journal :)

by janilye on 2012-01-08 07:32:31

Thanks I didn't notice that.
I found H Stiggants and wife. I mean how many of them could there be? I contacted a rellie and just waiting for confirmation and then he goes into the PINK

by janilye on 2012-01-09 01:24:08

I checked another copy of a passenger list and it is clearly Illingworth with an O.
Also where I had Suashall it looks like Snashall neither makes any sense to me. But I suppose it would to a relative.
Now I'm working on German emigrants from Hamburg and Rio and by the look of these names I think Snashall was on the wrong boat.

by tonkin on 2012-01-09 01:39:34

From my Houghton research I know there was a Henry STIGGANTS and Miriam HOUGHTON had a son named Henry. He was born in Port Adelaide on the 29 December 1852.

This is the only Henry STIGGANTS I came across in this time frame and expect it will be him. Hope this helps a bit.

by janilye on 2012-01-09 02:00:29

Thanks Roy that's the one I checked out. It is him. I'm doing a profile now.

by tonkin on 2012-01-09 02:07:21

This Henry and Miriam had a few more children in Victoria. If you don't have all the details let me know.

by janilye on 2012-01-09 02:47:44

Thanks tonkin, I think I got them all. Just need a pic now!

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