RED HILL, VIC., AUST. (Entry from my Peninsula District History.)
This journal describes where the grantees' land was in greater detail than in the other journal but also contains information from Keith Holmes about later occupants of those blocks and even some genealogy. Sheila Skidmore has excerpts from Joseph McIlroy's diary about working at Huntley's and later leasing the property for five years. Here we find out where the Huntley property was.
THE FIRST SETTLERS.
The Bunurong* people were the original inhabitants and their dreaming recounts the flooding of their former hunting plain, Nerm, (with the stream mistakenly called Yarra Yarra flowing through it to join the Tamar in what is now Bass Strait).
(* There are multiple spellings for this word.)
Their territory included the Port Phillip Bay coast from the Werribee River to Point Nepean and extended around Westernport to Gippsland but they would be wary of going too far east because of their fierce neighbours. No doubt recent dredging of the bay sucked up countless middens from the former banks of the Yarra and the Werribee rivers; the latter stream would have been followed on the way to the western boundary of their territory, where one of their number might have yelled, I can see a ring-tailed possum! in words that have been corrupted to Maribyrnong.
With so much coastline, it was inevitable that they would spend much time on the coast and shellfish middens were found in abundance. They built eel races and this probably accounts for the naming of Eeling Creek at Rosebud and Eel Race Rd at Seaford. They spent time at the spot still dotted with banksias where Dunns Ck meets the bay at Safety Beach, and entertained the McLear lads with their returning boomerangs. The McCraes of the Arthurs Seat Run were more understanding than most early settlers and groups of aborigines would camp near their homestead for several days.
They were nomads but not in the way that people think. The area was broken up so that small groups could each have their seasonal harvest; one of the groups, Tal Tal, is recalled by a street name in Mt Martha. In this way food was sourced sustainably, in the same way as a farmer limiting the stock numbers in a paddock. Without calendars they knew exactly when to move on to the next designated place from signs such as the appearance of a bird or a tree starting to blossom.
Did they spend time in Red Hill? Although they were not great lovers of forests, and used fires to turn these into the open forests that the first British observers likened to Gentlemens estates, it is likely that food sources existed in that rich red soil that were unavailable elsewhere. It is easy to imagine Georgiana McCraes friends waving farewell as they moved east toward the Bunurong Track to climb over Wonga. In the Wurundjeri tongue Wonga meant bronze- winged pigeon and as the two groups shared a common boundary (the Yarra), they probably had a common definition. They named the hill Wonga because these birds decended on Arthurs Seats scrubby timbered areas in huge numbers and, as they made excellent eating, Ben Benjies group probably grabbed some fast food on the way to Red Hill. (Quotes from P.8 of A Dreamtime of Dromana.)
Having sampled Red Hills bounty they might have moved to their next camp at 148 D2 before going east to Watsons Inlet, or stopped at Blacks Camp (253 A1) before crayfishing near Cape Schanck.
Hec Hanson was told by his aunt, Emily Lenz, nee Purves, that only she and Hecs mother were at Tootgarook Station one day in the late 1880s when seven aborigines came to ask for a drink of water from their well. Frances was only about 6 and was probably terrified so Emily, 16 years older, calmly responded to their request. Each drank appreciatively until the mug was given to the last one, who threw it away because, as the leader, he expected to have been served first.
This story runs counter to claims that the first inhabitants disappeared from the peninsula within decades. Although numbers declined rapidly at first because of European diseases, alcoholism etc, the Bunurong were probably not denied their hunter- gatherer lifestyle as much as the Wurundjeri were by the likes of North West (Melbourne) settlers such as Aitken, Taylor, Robertson, Big Clarke, Brodie, Foster and Walter Clark who ran thousands of sheep and got rid of the kangaroos. Kangaroos were hunted relentlessly by peninsula pioneers too, as Colin McLear recalls, but as long as the Bunurong stayed in lime country, there would have been little objection to their walkabouts as long as they left the Purves and Ford bullocks alone.
It is a pity that Barak Rd (146 E8) is so named. William Barak was a Wurundjeri elder who died at Healesville, as many Bunurong probably did, all of the remaining Kulin near Melbourne having been removed from their homelands. Barak was a fine man but surely a suitable Bunurong name could have found in Protector Thomass records, such as that of his wifes friend who was devastated when Mrs Thomas had to go to Melbourne.A Street in Melbourne Airport was to have been named after Barak in 1988 but the historic renaming project was abandoned at the last minute with only Gowrie Park Drive eluding the veto.
For this history, I will use the boundaries of Red Hill and Red Hill South as given in Melway, although I might mention people and properties just outside this area if they were historically associated with Red Hill.
I will not discuss the runs as this information is given in other histories. It seems that the more northern runs afforded better grazing than those south of Hearns Mount Martha Sheep Station. Maurice Meyricks relatives had a much longer tenure at Coolart than he did at Boniyong, but he gave us two place names, Merricks and Boneo. The Purves made a success of horse breeding at Tootgarook and Peters descendants obviously later used Green Hills in Purves Rd for the same purpose.
Runs were a stop-gap measure to control settlement until land could be surveyed and sold. As some, such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke, were determined to buy as much land as possible, by the time the peninsula was surveyed no more square mile allotments were on offer such as near Tullamarine in the 1840s; most were 160 acres as was common earlier closer to Melbourne and near creeks or main roads.
This did not stop Glass and Clarke. The former obtained the grant on the Safeway side of Boneo Rd but a nearby allotment seems to have bought for him by a dummy bidder and Clarke finished up owning Jamiesons Special Survey, which included Safety Beach and extended east to Bulldog Ck Rd.
Red Hill is situated in Kangerong and Balnarring parishes, but many Red Hill farmers had land west of Mornington-Flinders Rd in the parish of Wannaeue. A small area of land east of White Hill Rd is officially in Dromana, but as many of the grantees here were described as being in Red Hill, I will list them with the Kangerong Grantees.
ABOUT THE GRANTEES.
In LIME LAND LEISURE and elsewhere, it is often stated that a pioneer bought (Crown) land. The date specified is usually that on which the pioneer selected the land. It is true that early grants went to the highest bidder, usually members of the squattocracy who were aristocratically born but unable to inherit the family estate at home. Once the political power of this elite was broken by critics such as Edward Wilson of Arundel in Tullamarine (Argus editor) and fiery 5 foot 2 Johnny Fawkner, the politicians saw the merit in the land right demands of the Eureka rebels. Even humbly born men such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke were snapping up all the land they could by using dummy bidders.
The selection acts required that land had to be marked with corner posts, surveyed and a licence applied for; the selection was not to take total holdings above 320 acres. If a selector did not live on the land, or make improvements such as fencing, buildings or cultivation, the licence became void. The cost of these improvements was taken off the purchase price when the selector had been a good boy and could afford to buy, often at least 10 years after he had selected the land. (Ray Cairns, Robert Adams licence application for Balnarring land in the angle at the north end of Tucks Rd between two properties belonging to his in-laws.)
A Melway reference or description of boundaries will precede details of each grant.
7B. (190 C-E 1.) 150 acres, granted 27-3-1879. Settled by Watson Eaton and granted to his executor, Rebecca Griffith.This is just west of Red Hill but it is included to explain the naming of Eatons Cutting Rd, which is the boundary. At least one Red Hill resident (Thiele) was killed in an accident on this hairy road. Watson, brother of gold mining Bernard, had partly completed medical training before leaving America, and died in 1877 from a fall while riding to attend to a patient. The Watsons and Griffiths farmed together on the Safety Beach area when they first arrived.
10A. (190 F1-3) 173 acres granted to George Sherwood. This became W.A.Holmes Outlook Paddock
10B. (Sheehans and Tumbywood Rd were boundaries and the land shares a boundary with the Holmes Rd Reserve (which itself seems to have been reserved in 1856.)
172 acres granted to Robert Caldwell in 18(68?)
11AB. (Between Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane.) Granted to James Wiseman. The acreage on the parish map is illegible here but it seems to indicate a total of 93 acres. Rate books show that the shopkeeper/blacksmith had 106 acres so I must assume that the missing 13 acres were needed for Wisemans Deviation (White Hills Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner).
18A. (160 K12) Almost 51 acres granted on (3-6-1860?) to Henry Dunn, who called this hilltop property Four Winds and built a shop on the corner. Henry had rented Jamiesons Special Survey from 1846-1851 and had rented land on Hearns Mt Martha during the same period. He was a pioneer of the Dunns Rd area of Mornington. As if this was not enough land to manage, in 1879, he was farming S.S.Crispos grants, which were later Edward Williams Eastbourne and from 1980 Charles Jacobsens Village Glen.
Between White Hills and Harrisons Rds, heading north from Four Winds, were:
65 acres owned by Thomas Appleyard, who also had most of the land east from Harrisons Rd (to the line of Bowrings Rd);
the Dromana Secondary College site, possibly part of the racecourse;
the racecourse which operated until about 1927 and is now a recreation reserve*;
the Moat(pronounced Mowatt) familys land, responsible for the corner at the Highways bend becoming known as Moats Corner.**
(*A course also operated on Watkins 16 acres and then Lou Carriggs 33 acres, behind the Dromana Hotel until 1923. ** Some of the Moats became Rye pioneers.)
Fronting the Bittern Rd from Harrisons Rd were George and Susan Peatey (101 acres), Alf Harrison 63 acres, James Clydesdale (63 acres), who had all followed Henry Dunn as tenants on the Survey, and the McIlroy family after whom the road heading east from Dunns shop was named. The Peateys found their land too wet for farming and in 1888 became early residents of the Rosebud street named after later neighbours, the McDowells.
12AB. (Between Arkwells and Andrews Lane, including the showgrounds and extending north to the Two Bays Estate Vineyard.) 143 acres granted to John Arkwell in 18(62?) and 1870.
13AB. (West of Andrews Lane to the Mechanics Rd corner, including all the Kindlian Society land, which extends to the north boundary.) This was granted to Margaret Davies on 20-8-1877 and consisted of just under 130 acres. 13c of 23 acres, north of A and B, was granted to Frances Windsor.
14 AB and 16B. (Frontage to Mechanics Rd and Station St to the west boundary of Vines of Red Hill. Donaldson St heads north west to the boundary between 14 A and B and then indicates the western boundary of 16B, which includes Ellisfield Farm.) Granted to William McIlroy (14B in 1864) and totaling 294 acres.
Source: Keith Holmes.
Keith believes that there were two completely different Holmes families associated with the Red Hill area but there could be some link back in the old country and extensive genealogical research would be needed to prove that there was no connection, as in the case of Henry William Wilson of Dromana and George Wilson of Shoreham Rd.
1.The Kangerong rates for 1864-5 and 1865-6 reveal that Holmes was assessed on 140 acres; he would have been occupying the land under licence from the Crown. The Kangerong parish map shows that J Holmes was granted lots 15 A and 15 B of 104.3.34 each (six perches, about the size of the cricket pitches area on the M.C.G., or 150 square metres, short of 105 acres.) It is likely that he had settled on one of these blocks and the rate collector had written 140 instead of 104. Once a mistake like this was made, it would be carried on for years, because rate collectors would basically copy the previous years details and make alterations if they received knowledge of a sale or new lessee.
15 A and B were at Melway 191 E-F 3 and extended south from the Kangerong Conservation Nature Reserve to Red Hill Rd with the south west corner being just north of Rosebank Cottage. The northern half appears to have been granted in the 1870s and the southern on, possibly, 3-7-1873. The northern half was granted to J.Holmes & Co. The 7-9-1867 assessments show that the other partner was Lawrence Weadson. Holmes is not recorded in the 1879-80 rates but it is pleasing to see that the rate collector now calls the original property 105 acres. It must have been at about this time that the first Holmes pioneers left Red Hill.
John Huntley, gardener, owned 105 acres in Kangerong. Keith Holmes confirmed that he was on land granted to J.Holmes. This was the southern half, which now includes the VINES OF RED HILL land. In 1900, Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on the 105 acres; John had died and Mary was a widow. She was not assessed in 1910 and Keith Holmes explained why. Jack Shand, the son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married Mary and after living on the 105 acres for a while longer, Mary and Jack moved to Merricks North, where for some reason, Jack was then called Peter. Perhaps his second name was Peter and there was a cousin called Jack already living in the new location.
The northern half was being leased by gardener, William Kemp, from Wadesson and Holmes executors in 1879.Kemp received a grant of 100 acres on the east side of Bowrings Rd on 3-2-1904 and was occupying it by 1900, by which time 15 B must have been broken up and was possibly occupied by Fred, Henry, James and Jonathan Davis (a total of 106 acres).
Between Donaldson Rd and a northern extension of Bowrings Rd were three lots between 13-14 and McIlroys Rd: 16A (T.Milner, 88 acres, granted 11-12-1862) and west of it, 17 AB (with 13C totalling 188 acres, granted to Frances Windsor.) True pioneers of the area north of McIlroys Rd include the Counsel family, which was involved with Gracefield in Dromana, Robert Coxon Young, Andrew Fritsch, and J.Davey.
RED HILL SOUTH.
Balnarring Parish. (East and South of Red Hill Rd.)
South of Craig Avon Lane/ Dromana-Bittern Rd and west of the line of Tonkin Rd.
79A (161 J11-12) 126 acres granted to J.Davey.
79B (191 H-J1) 128 acres granted to George Sherwood on 28-11-1872.
78A. (Western part of Port Phillip Estate Winery extended south to Stanley Rd.)
W.Gibson received this grant, consisting of 190.1 acres on 23-7-1874.
78 B1. (Eastern part of the winery extended to Stanley Rd.) Granted to J.B.Journeaux on 22-1-1877 and consisting of 95 acres. The grantees middle name was Bowring, which indicates a relationship through marriage between the two families.
78B2 (East to include the Conservation Reserve.) about 95 acres, part of 256 acres, including 54A, granted to James Smith.
BETWEEN STANLEYS RD AND CALLANANS RD.
77 (Fronting Red Hill Rd with an eastern boundary starting from Tar Barrel Corner and
passing approximately through 28 Thomas Rd.) Part of 305 acres granted to W.Aitken on 20-4-1881.
81, 82A (East of 77 nearly to 101 Stanley Rd with a 1400 metre frontage to Callaghans Rd, finishing at about the location of No. 4.) Granted to J.R.Thompson on 12-2-(1874?).
The acreage is not stated but it could be about 300 acres.
82B, 83A1, 83BB1 (East of 82A to where the equestrian trail turns at the end of Tonkins Rd. 191 H-J 5-8 except for Hindmarshs grant.) 339 acres granted to Bryan Tonkin on 27-7-1875.
83B1. (This lot had a frontage of about 250 metres on Stanley Rd and about 872 metres on Tonkins Rd.) John Hindmarsh was granted this 80 acre block on (10-3-1871?).
BETWEEN CALLANANS RD (which used to meet Station St near Red Hill Centrepoint) AND PT LEO RD.
88. (The eastern boundary of 77 continues to the bend near 195 Pt Leo Rd.)
This was the rest of Aitkens 305 acres, probably about 150 acres.
87AB,86AB. (East of 88, with NE and SE corners indicated by 4 Callanans Rd and 159 Pt Leo Rd.) G ranted to J.Buchanan. Date not stated. A total of 428 acres.
85. (East of 86B to end of Callanan Rd and 117 Pt Leo Rd.) A 10 acre block on Pt Leo Rd was probably Buchanans original selection but no date can be ascertained. I presume that the other 622 acres were also granted to him.
84. (From the ends of Callanans and Paringa Rd to the blue line indicating the start of Bittern.) J.Wighton received the grants for the 203.3 acres on 23-4-1874. He also acquired the 507 acres between allotment 84 and Merricks Township.
RED HILL-WANNAEUE PARISH.
A total of 636 acres in Wannaeue parish, between Main Ck and Mornington-Flinders Rd, is included in Red Hill.
29A. (Fronting Arthurs St Rd and the other two roads, this block went south to a point across Main Ck Rd from the Whites Rd corner.)
Benjamin Hards, who purchased land in Nepean Parish as well, and was probably a speculator, received this 331 acre grant. The numbering of allotments in Wannaeue is so illogical that it is no surprise to find that there is no allotment 29B! Incidentally the Wannaeue land east of Jetty Rd is in section B but no parish map says so.
28AB. (These take us south to the boundary between Red Hill and Main Ridge. 28A is west of the straight part of William Rd and 28B is to the east. The dog leg is in 29A.
28A. James Davey Jnr received the grant for this 158 acre allotment on 5-9-1878.
The Davey family is recalled by street names on Gracefield and The Survey near Dromana. J.Davey, probably James, was also granted 156 acres in Kangerong, extended to 190 acres (Henry Davey 1900), including the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve. In 1920, Bertram John Davey had 446 acres in the Safety Beach area, apparently just purchased.
28B. John Griffith acquired title to this 136 acre allotment on 4-8-1885. This would be John Calvin Griffith, about whom much detail is given in A Dreamtime of Dromana. His mother, Rebecca, probably the sister of Watson and Bernard Eaton, was the formers executor and received title to the 150 acres near Eatons Cutting that Watson had settled. 28B was only 720 metres away from Rebeccas 150 acres. Watson Eaton and Johns parents, all Americans, had at first farmed together on the Survey (Safety Beach area). Johns brother, Jonah, was a builder and supplied squared beams for the Dromana pier.
The proofreading of page 70 of Colin McLears book was poor unless John Griffiths eleven children were really born after he died.
Johns first daughter, Evelyn,(28/3/1875-23/3/1959) married one of the Shand boys. This indicates that Cr John Griffith actually lived on 28B and recalls something that Keith Holmes told me. Alexander Shand chose Main Creek as the location for his saw mill as it was the only creek with a regular flow. Roberts Rd follows the course of a track made by the Shands as they took the shortest and least steep course to haul their timber up to Red Hill. One can imagine young Evelyn waving to the Shand boys as they passed by 28B. Another way Evelyn could have met her future husband is that the Shands would have often have been at the property of William Henry Blakely directly across Mornington-Flinders Rd. Blakely was a sawmaker (1884, assessment No. 27) and saws would often need repair or replacement.
74. The Red Hill Village Settlement.
(190 K 5 to end of Prossors Lane and east to the corner of Mechanics Rd and Station St.)
As allotments and their grantees can be easily ascertained from this map with one exception, I will detail only that block. F.Nash: 6 acres 3 roods 27 perches.
There is no guarantee that a parish map actually shows grantees (Keith Holmes has a Balnarring map with different names in some lots, such as Holmes instead of Parry).
However I believe that those named in this map were grantees.
MEASUREMENTS ON PARISH MAPS.
A rood is a quarter of an acre and forty perches equal one rood so Nashs small block is 6.86 acres correct to two decimal places (137 perches divided by 160).
No boundary measurement are given for these village blocks, but you can see them on surrounding allotments, such as 3350 for McConnells frontage on Beaulieu Rd. (Had you realized that Beaulieu is French for fine place?)
That is 3350 links. To explain links, I must first mention an English king, whose identity I have forgotten. In setting up a system of measurement for his kingdom, he decided that the basic unit would be the distance between his fingers and his nose. This was the yard, one third of which was called a foot; this was then divided into 12 inches. Strangely he used the old Roman word for distance, although a mile was a bit more than a thousand paces (1760 yards or roughly 1600 metres).
Now, the king owned all the land in his kingdom but if somebody pleased him greatly, through loyalty when opposition was rife or valour / success in battle, the King would grant land to that person, along with a title such as Duke. Of course the Duke did not pay for the land as our grantees did, but they would be expected to pay taxes and supply cannon fodder for the king. It is interesting that the word title is now used for the document that proves land ownership!
The grant would be large and the boundaries would be measured in miles, but how would they be measured accurately? The length of paces could change because of leg length, tiredness, uphill slopes and so on. Yard- stick* use was too tedious and ropes could stretch and fray. It is likely that blacksmiths had arrived at a standard length for chain links of about 20cm, probably checked with implements at hand such as the funnel of bellows. (* Poles, whose lengths I have forgotten, probably about 5 metres, were used along Steeles Ck in East Keilor.)
A chain was durable and accurate but had to be of a length to avoid moving it along too often, but if it were too long, it would be too heavy for surveyors to carry and drag.
Then some genius discovered that a chain with 100 links was not only of the right length and weight, but was 22 yards long and if moved 79 times (80 chains) would equal a mile. To prevent excessive tiny writing on survey maps, 33 chains and 50 links would be written as 3350. As a chain (cricket pitch) equals 20 metres, 3350 links equals 660 metres+ 50X 20cm= 670 metres.
Normally a square mile grant (not on a shore or stream line) would measure 8000X8000 links. On such a block, the Duke could theoretically accommodate 640 serfs if the land was good. The Duke would build a village nearby and with no internal fencing, each serf could access his plot without the need for roads (which reduced farming land.) Each plot would be a chain wide and a furrow (10 chains) long. This is how the racing term, furlong, originated. Each block was one acre, which seems to be a French word, so perhaps the king was William the Conqueror. (Adopted from Palestine during the Crusades, I presume.)
Each serf had to supply so many bushels of his crop as rent and of course sacrifice his life in war if the king required it. As one acre blocks would not lead to efficient farming, serfs would probably have blocks of about 7 acres (as in John Pascoe Fawkners yeoman farmer subdivisions) or perhaps about 20 acres (as in Red Hill Village and suburban lots in villages/towns such as Keilor and Dromana.) I HOPE YOUVE ENJOYED MY ADVENTURES OF ENGLISH AS MUCH AS I ENJOY THE TELEVISION SERIES.
BETWEEN MORNINGTON-FLINDERS AND PT LEO RD.
72A. (Red Hill Consolidated School corner, 190 E-F 4) R.H.Holding received the grant for this 140 acre block on 20-2-1865. It later became Henry Blakelys farm.
72B. (South of 72A, with the end of Pardalote Rise indicating its south east corner.)
Granted on (18-7-1863?) to Joseph Pitcher, this140 acre block later became Henry Aults property.
71AB. (Straddling Stony Ck Rd with lot A extending to Pardalote Rise, and lot B going south to the present Tucks Rd corner and east to Stony Creek.)
This is the Red Hill boundary with Main Ridge. Pioneers to the south were William Hopcraft, Robert Adams of Adams Corner (McCrae Plaza site) in Rosebud (on land granted to M.Byrne), A.Allan and F.Bullock.
East of Stony Creek.
73AB. (Lot 73A, was west of Stony Ck with its north east corner almost over the road from Sheehans Rd and extended east almost to Stony Ck. Lot 73B was between 73A and the Red Hill Village; the eastern boundary being over the road from the south east corner of the showgrounds.)
Granted to James McKeown, both 147.7acre lots passed into the hands of the Sheehans.
It comprised two farms, Wildwood (73A) and Glenbower (73B). Keith Holmes said that they were not of equal size and this was probably because the creek, east of the allotment boundary, was used as a border so that both farms had water access. (See FARMS.)
75D and ? (Lot 75D, of 182 acres, was north of Beaulieu Rd / Simpson St with Baynes Rd being its eastern boundary. Straddling Stony Ck, its western boundary is indicated by Pardalote Rise. Lot 75 (C?), of 122 acres, was between Beaulieu Rd and the Red Hill boundary from Stony Ck to the line of Baynes Rd.) James McConnell settled both blocks and one was granted to him and the other to his executors (of whom one would have been John McConnell. It is likely that our James McConnell was the grantee of land near Puckle St, Moonee Ponds and McConnell St. Kensington, both in the parish of Doutta Galla.
Glenbower and Wildwood were on allotments 73 A and B of the parish of Balnarring, each of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, a total of over 215 acres, granted to James McKeown. There is extensive information in Colin McLears A Dreamtime of Dromana about James McKeown and his brother-in-law, Hill Hillas. The former settled in Red Hill in 1862 and the latter in 1855. James built a house on the property called Glenbower, which was south of the Showgrounds (Arkwells grants.)
Keith Holmes said that the two farms were not of equal size and the 1887-8 rates indicate that Glenbower may have consisted of 115 acres, which James had apparently mortgaged with the Land Investment Co. James had probably used the loan to buy Gracefield (between Caldwell Rd and the triangular quarry reserve, from Gracefield Ave to the south boundary of part of the State Park) near Dromana. Glenbower changed hands in 1889 and the new owner was Robert Sheehan.
In 1887-8, Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert 215 acres in Kangerong. (See Wildwood.) In 1889, the Sheehans apparently bought Glenbower and Wildwood.
William Alfred Holmes had a chance meeting with Emily Sheehan and married her. Their son William (known as Jack) later bought Glenbower.
Wildwood was south of Wisemans grants (west to the Sheehans Rd corner). Alfred Sheehans land in 1887-8 would have included about 99 acres (Wildwood) and might have included the future village site of about 120 acres. Keith Holmes said that Wildwood adjoined Blakelys land.
Rate books reveal that Blakely had 140 acres, which must have been R.H.Holdings grant (72A) at the corner of Arthurs Seat and Mornington-Flinders Rds. South of that block was 72B of 140 acres, granted to James Pitcher in 18(69?) and later leased by Henry Ault and apparently bought by William Henry Ault, carpenter.
It is likely that Robert Sheehans 215 acres in Kangerong consisted largely of Robert Caldwells grant (10B of 172 acres) west and north west of Sheehans Rd, and almost over Arthurs Seat Rd from the Blakely-Wildwood boundary.
Henry Dunn received the grant for 18A Kangerong of almost 51 acres on 4-8-1860. This land is indicated by Melway 160 K12. He built a shop on the corner and named his property Four Winds. Keith Holmes said that the property was at the top of the hill so there would have been little protection from the wind, no matter its direction!
William Calder, Chairman of the Country Roads Board (after whom the Calder highway was named) bought Four Winds. He was President of the Red Hill Show Committee for some time but died just before the show in 1928 or 9. Robert Holmes stepped into the breech. Calders son designed the Old Shire Hall at Dromana.
George Sherwood was granted 10A Kangerong of 172.46 acres on the east side of Eatons Cutting Rd with a road frontage of 454 metres. The 1879 rates show that this 173 acre property was occupied by George Sherwood and William Copeland, both described as journeymen, leasing from Sherwood and Co.This George Sherwood was probably the son of George Sherwood, nurseryman, who on (28-11-1873?) was granted 79 B Balnarring of 128 acres now occupied by Port Phillip Estate Wineries at 191 G-H2.
A journeyman was a tradesman who had finished his apprenticeship and would journey from one master of the craft to another working and widening his experience. He was not subject to Master and Servant provisions (as apprentices were) and could set up in business on his own account but could not employ apprentices until he had submitted a piece of work that gained him the status of Master, in Georges case perhaps a graft, pruning etc).
In 1900 the A.E.Bennett trustees were assessed on 642 (sic) acres including 471 acres of Wannaeue land (190 B-D 3-4 and D 5-6) and 10 A Kangerong (173 acres).
William Alfred Holmes bought the Lookout Paddock, which now contains Lookout Rd and Holmes Rd.
The Nash family hailed from Beaulieu in England and arrived in Red Hill in about 1898. A Nash married a daughter of W.Davidson and it seems that he later gained ownership of Davisons 18 acres and then added part of James McConnells grant to the south, of which Beaulieu Rd marks the southern boundary. Frederick, Elizabeth and Frances Streets are named after members of the Nash family.
In 1919-20, F. and W.A.Littlejohn had 130 acres (lot 11) and 205 acres (Lot 9) on the Special Survey.
Today, Australians boast of having a convict ancestor; quite different from the 19th century shame which I think led a Mentone, Rosebud and Somerville pioneer to spell his parents surname wrongly when they were buried at St Kilda and tell his children that he came to Australia with Tommy Bent (who was born in Penrith, N.S.W.) The first Littlejohn was a convict and settled in Brunswick upon gaining his ticket of leave.
The first Littlejohns in our area were William Alfred and his brother Frederick. They had land across the road from eachother near Moats Corner. After a while Fred moved back to Coburg and William moved to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son Herb, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at the young age of 25. Herbs brother, Ron farmed at Moats Corner.
William was known as Littlejohn the builder and people would call at his house to discuss the building of their house. He built Sam Loxtons house and the Hansons second Alpine Chalet when they sold the land containing William Hopcrafts beautiful old double storey house.
on 2012-08-06 04:05:04
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.