Sneak peak at the Fletcher Family History
JOHN SR.3 FLETCHER (ANDREW2, ANDREW1) was born 1717 in Chester Co., Pennsylvania, and died August 21, 1758 in Rockbridge Co., Virginia. He married ELEANOR HINDMAN May 25, 1735 in Chester Co., Pennsylvania, daughter of JAMES HINDMAN. She was born Abt. 1719 in Londonderry Co. Ireland, and died September 1791 in Rockbridge Co., Virginia.
Notes for JOHN SR. FLETCHER:
Source: DAR filings
John Fletcher appears on the tax list of Birmingham Township, Chester Co.
Pennsylvania in 1739
29 May 1750 - The Fletchers made bond as administrators of the estate of John Hindman whereof John Stephenson had been. The administration of the estate was given to John and Eleanor. (Original Augusta Co., VA record available)
Know all men by these present that we John Fletcher, Eleanor Fletcher, John Burton, Ray Borden, James Lockhart, John Matthews, Richard Woods, John Lyle, William Harbeson and Thomas English, the present justice in the commission of the peace for Augusta County, for and in behalf and to the sole use and behoof of the justice of the said County and their successors in the sum of five hundred pounds court money to be paid to said justice their successors, Ex; Adm., and assigns to us which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves and every of us, our, and every of our heirs, Executors, and administrators jointly and severally firmly by those present sealed with our seal dated this 25th day of May 1750.
The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bound John and Eleanor Fletcher, administrators of all the goods, chattel, and credits of John Hindman, Clerk, deceased whereof John Stevenson was late admin. do make or cause to be made a true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased which have or shall come to the hands, possession or knowledge of the said John and Eleanor or unto the hands or possession of any other person or persons for them and the same so made to exhibit or cause to be exhibited unto the County Court of Augusta at such time as they shall be thereunto required by the said Court and the same goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased at the time of his death, which at any time after shall come to the hands or possession of the said John and Eleanor or into the hands and possession of any other person or persons for her do well and truly administrator according to law and further do make a just and true account of their acting and doing therein when the account required by the said court all the rest and residue of the said goods, chattels and credits, which shall be found remaining unto the said administrator's account the same being first examined and allowed by the justice of the court for the time being shall deliver and pay unto such person or persons respectively as the said justices by their order or judgment shall direct pursuant to the law in that case made and provided and if it shall hereafter appear that any last will and testament was made by said deceased and the Ex; or Executor therein named do exhibit the same in the said court making request to have it allowed and approved accordingly if the said John and Eleanor being there-unto required do render and deliver up their letters of administration approbation of such testament being first had and made in the said court then this obligation to be void and of none effect or else to remain in full force and virtue.
Eleanor Fletcher (Her mark)
Sealed and delivered in the presents of James Patton
John Lewis - seal
William Hamilton - seal
John Graham - seal
At a court continued and held for Augusta County the 29th day of May 1750 John Fletcher, Eleanor Fletcher, John Lewis, John Graham and William Hamilton in open court acknowledged this their bond for said John and Eleanor Fletcher true and faithful administrators of the estate of John Hindman, clerk, deceased, which bond is ordered to be recorded.
During the time the Fletchers were working on getting the administration of the Hindman estate, the town of Staunton, Virginia was started. In 1749 William Beverley gave a parcel of his land in Augusta County for a town to be laid out. Mr. Beverley was a personal friend to the Governor Gooch and his wife, Rebecca. He named the town in honor of Rebecca whose maiden name was Staunton.
William Larkin, plaintiff, John and Robert Fletcher, defendants. "The defendants being summoned and failing to appear, the plaintiff produced their note of bond for two pounds, seven shillings and nine pence current money. Judgment is therefore granted the plaintiff against the defendant for the same together with cost." (Original record available)
It is not known what this hearing was all about but the record is helpful in that it shows that Robert must have been old enough by 1754 to be named in a suit. He would probably have had to be eighteen years old to be considered an adult.
June or July 1758 - Fletcher vs. Stephenson - John Fletcher and Eleanor, his wife, complains of John Stephenson, past administrator of John Hindman, for an account. An account was filed of the effects and general charges of Rev. Hindman. (Chronicles vol. 1 page 320)
It appears from the above court record that John and Eleanor were hoping to settle the debt owed Stephenson by John but needed an account from Stephenson.
19 August 1758 - Fletcher vs. Stephenson - The bill for settlement of the estate of Rev. Hindman shows the cost of the wake of Hindman. (Chronicles vol. 1 page 325.)
At the time of his death John Hindman still owed Stephenson money that he had borrowed to make his trip to England. He might have owed even more considering all the horses he owned and on a pastor's salary at that. John was ill for five weeks before he died. Stephenson and his wife took care of him and then took care of his burial. Chalkey, in his Chronicles, does not list each cost for the wake but it may be assumed that it could have been a considerable amount. Beverley Ruffin states in 'Augusta Parish' that many people made request to the vestry to cover the cost of the wake of persons who died on their hands. Some cost included doctor's fee, medicine, coroner's fee, making the coffin, providing linen or a bear skin to lay the body on, digging the grave, and as Ruffin says; "purchasing liquor to serve at the funeral." In some cases as much as seven gallons of liquor was provided for burials. This is not to say that all these are recorded in the account that John Stephenson filed against the estate. Evidently the settlement John Stephenson presented was for a greater amount than John and Eleanor expected. It appears that John Stephenson was going to press for payment from John and Eleanor and this pushed them into bankruptcy. To substantiate this is the record that John Fletcher is insolvent or bankrupt. Also after the death of John, just a few days after the bill for settlement was filed, Eleanor, being an object of charity, was allowed five pounds by the vestry. Attempts to obtain a copy of John Stephenson's settlement have been unsuccessful at this time.
19 August 1758 - Commissioners report that the courthouse is completed except a door, which the Indians broke (Chronicles, vol. 1, page 325.)
1758 - John Fletcher is insolvent (Chronicles, vol. 2, page 400.)
"The sale or recovery of the estate of any insolvent debtor shall be paid or distributed among the creditors of such insolvent person in proportion to the debts due to them who shall have dully proved their respective debts, and if any over plus shall arise after all debts are paid, it shall be delivered to the debtor whose estate it was." (Henning's Statutes At Large vol. 7, pages 551 and 556.)
21 August 1758 - The death of John Fletcher abates the suit against John Stephenson. (Original record available)
21 August 1758 is the date recorded that the suit had been abated by the death of John Fletcher. John could have died this same day or on 20 August which was on Sunday, or on 19 August, which was Saturday the day John Stephenson filed the bill for settlement of the account of John Hindman. No record has been found as to how John Fletcher died. He may even have been killed during an Indian attack, which was a common occurrence at the time.
Ca. 1759/60 - Somewhere around this time, Robert Fletcher Sr. and Christiana B. Kinder were married. Their children are listed below.
There was one daughter whose name is ???. She was probably born about 1761/62. Her birth is judged by the birth of her son Matthew who was born in 1780. She married a Walkup.
Daughter, Mary born about 1763/64. The Chronicles list her as Mary Flatcher. Since Fletcher was often spelled Flatcher in the colonial records and usually turned out to be Fletcher, this Mary was probably a daughter of Robert and Christiana. She was. Her birth is judged from her marriage date, which was 12 September 1783. Her full name was probably Mary Elizabeth. (see record dated April 1791)
Robert Jr. was born about 1766. (Draper Papers concerning Col. William Casey settlement)
John was probably born about 1771. His birth is judged by his marriage date, which was 30 August 1791.
Several records indicate that Christiana's father was Peter Kinder and her mother Christiana (Maiden name ???). Peter Kinder died in 1749. The following is a list of the records submitted:
30 November 1749 - Catherine, Christiana, Sarah, and Peter Kinder to be bound out by Church Wardens."
2 June 1750 - Catherine Kindort, orphan of Peter is bound to Wm. Armstrong. Kinder is spelled various ways in these records)
27 Nov. 1773 - Christiana was bound to Adam Dickison. (Christiana was thirteen years old.)
20 Dec. 1773 - The will of Christofull Kislen, stepfather of Christiana.
17 - Nov. 1798 - A suit was brought against Christiana Flatcher "otherwise Kinder" in Rockbridge County, Virginia.
The above records offer the most promising proof of a maiden for Christiana than any other to date. Christiana was spelled in various ways: Christian, Christianiah, etc.
10 February 1763 - A deed to James, son of John Stephenson, from Robert and Christiana Fletcher. They gave James fifty pounds current money of Virginia and a lease of two hundred acres of the four hundred and sixty acres of land inherited from John Hindman. By this time James Stephenson was living on and farming the land. This indenture enabled James Stephenson to accept and take a grant and release of the revisions of inheritance from Robert on the following day. This division of the land was probably the decision of the bankruptcy Court. The fifty pounds paid Stephenson for thirty of the remaining sixty acres. (Deposition of Jean Martain dated 19 June 1795) Both Robert and Christiana made their mark, Robert with an R and Christiana with a C. Most people could not read or write but had their 'mark', which was used in transactions. The County clerk recorded all records. Each had his idea of how a name was spelled, thus the difference in spellings. (Original record available)
Now the debt of John Hindman had been paid. This left the Fletchers with two hundred and sixty acres of the John Hindman land. Evidently the land was in Robert's name as heir of John Hindman. In 1747 John told William Elliot that he had a half sister married to John Fletcher who had a little boy called Robert that he would give the land to.
11 February 1763 - "The release deed to James Stephenson from Robert and Christiana."
15 February 1763 - Commissioner examination of Christiana, wife of Robert Fletcher. (Chronicles vol. 1, page 103) In such transactions as conveying land a wife was privately, apart from her husband, ask if she is willingly and without force signing the transaction.
The early settlers found the wilderness infested with several predatory animals. The most troublesome was the wolf. For many years it was necessary to pen calves and sheep at night to protect them from the bear, puma, and wolf. After a bounty was placed on the heads of wolves two hundred and twenty five heads was turned into the magistrate in one month in 1752 (History of Rockbridge County, Virginia, page 39.)
John Lewis was commissioned Colonel, or Chief Officer of the Augusta County militia in 1752. It was the duty of the Colonel to list all free males above the age of twenty one within the County. John Fletcher would have been included in the militia at this time. Only public officers in the civil service and Quakers were exempt from duty.
10 February 1763. The French and Indian war was ended. France was eliminated as a Colonial power in America.
1763 - In the wars of 1763/64 the Indians were no longer controlled by their allies, the French. They were, no doubt, disappointed that the French had not been successful in eliminating the settlers and British from the country. They made a systematic effort to rid the country of the white settlers and used every species of perfidy and cruelty they had against them. In 1763 a party of about sixty Shawnee visited the whites on Muddy Creek, in Greenbrier, VA under pretense of friendliness. They were kindly received and a meal was prepared for them. After feasting the Indians suddenly sprang a vicious attack upon the unsuspecting and unarmed whites. They murdered all the men and took the women and children prisoners. The next day the Indians visited the Big Levels settlement. After having been as hospitably entertained as at Muddy Creek, they re-enacted the revolting scenes of the previous day. Only one white man and one white woman escaped.
The next stop for the Indians was Kerr's (or Cerr's) Creek. Kerr's Creek was in what was to become Rockbridge County in 1778. Many families were murdered and others captured.
October 1764 - Forty Shawnee warriors made a second attack on Kerr's Creek settlement. The whites had gathered at Big Springs at the house of Jonathan Cunningham. They numbered about one hundred men, women, and children. Some young men advanced to meet the Indians and were killed. The graphic details of the battle are covered in 'The History of Augusta County, Virginia'.
These are just a few of the battles that took place in and around Augusta County during the wars of 1763/64. They are recorded here to give a clearer picture of the dangers our ancestors lived with.
Men of the Augusta County militia were required to be armed, and to keep one pound of powder and four pounds of ball at their homes, and when called out to fight he was to bring the same amount into the battlefield. They were to go armed to their respective Churches.
More About JOHN SR. FLETCHER:
Notes for ELEANOR HINDMAN:
Elinor Hindman was brought to this country from Ireland when she was a young child (deposition of Agnes Harvey and Margaret McCutchen, dated 19
Eleanor was the daughter of James Hindman, and was the full and only sister of Rev. John Hindman. He came to America in 1739 and found his sister married to John Fletcher Sr. He called at the home of Providence Scot and inquired for the whereabouts of Eleanor Hindman, at the request of his father. He then learned that she married John Fletcher Sr. (deposition of Edward Partridge, dated 25 May 1749) On Jan 1, 1739, (deposition of Providence Scott , dated 25 may 1749; as stated in the Chronicles of the Scotch Irish Settlement in Virginia, vol. 2 p 432 by Lyman Chalkey...excerpts form court records of Augusta and Rockbridge Co. in Virginia. ) he located Eleanor and informed Fletcher, who met him at the door, "Your wife is my sister." At the time her father was still living in Londonderry County, Ireland. Rev. John Hindman who was a Presbyterian minister, was sent by the Philadelphia Synod to Augusta County, Virginia. He received a grant from Beverly in 1745. After a long time in the courts, the Beverly grant went to his rightful heir, Eleanor and her husband, John Fletcher Sr. After living in Chester County, Pennsylvania they moved to Augusta County, Virginia. Two of Eleanor's friends, Edward Partridge, 1690 and Providence Scott, 1689 testified or gave deposition in 1749 to prove relationship to Rev. John Hindman and Eleanor Hindman Fletcher. (Source: Webster's History of the Presbyterian Church in the United States) (Source: Chalkley, Lyman Chronicles of the Scotch Irish in Virginia, Vol. III)
CHRONICLES OF THE Scotch-Irish Settlement IN VIRGINIA EXTRACTED FROM THE
ORIGINAL COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800
CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."
Fletcher vs. Kelso--Eleanor Fletcher, heiress of Rev. John Hindman, conveyed Hindman's land to Fletcher. Deed was executed long posterior to death of her husband. John Fletcher, when she was femme sole. She was sister of whole blood of John Hindman. Original deeds from Beverley to Hindman recorded in General Court, 17th April, 1745. Depositions by Margaret McCutchen, Jean Martin and Agness Harvey as to relationship between John Hindman and Eleanor Fletcher. Original deed Elanor Fletcher to son, Job Fletcher, 1790, recorded Rockbridge. James Elliott says his father, William Elliott, is 93 years old, 12th July, 1792.
More About JOHN FLETCHER and ELEANOR HINDMAN:
Marriage: May 25, 1735, Chester Co., Pennsylvania
Children of JOHN FLETCHER and ELEANOR HINDMAN are:
4. i. ROBERT SR.4 FLETCHER, b. 1738, Chester Co., Pennsylvania; d. August 16, 1797, Green Co., Kentucky (Military Co. Ohio River).
ii. AGNES FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1740, Chester Co., Pennsylvania; m. ??? HARVEY.
5. iii. HENRY FLETCHER, b. 1742, Chester Co., Pennsylvania.
6. iv. JOB SR. FLETCHER, b. Bet. 1743 - 1744, Chester Co. Pennsylvania; d. August 16, 1797, Rockbridge Co., Virginia.
v. MARGARET FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1745, Chester Co. Pennsylvania; m. CHARLES GLENDMER; b. 1741, Chester Co., Pennsylvania.
vi. JAMES FLETCHER, b. 1749, Rockbridge Co., Virginia.
vii. MARY ELIZABETH FLETCHER, b. 1758; d. 1825, Giles Co. Virginia.
7. viii. JOHN JR. FLETCHER, b. 1747, Rockbridge Co., Virginia; d. Adair Co., Kentucky.