SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST. and Broadmeadows Township pioneers. :: Genealogy
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SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST. and Broadmeadows Township pioneers.

Journal by itellya

See my journal THE DUNDONALD ESTATE NEAR BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP whose farms will not be discussed here. My aim in this journal is to specify the location of each farm (Melway and crown allotment details) and to present a chronology of each using advertisements and articles from trove.

As I must concentrate on my Bulla Dictionary History,items will be added here only as I stumble across them. Farms will be dealt with in alphabetical rather than geographical order so I will list the names geographically so the location of farms in relation to neighbouring farms can be seen. (*=Dundonald Estate.)

EAST. JUNCTION HOTEL/GREEN'S CORNER, Broombank, LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL, (Hamilton Terrace, Sunnyside, Fairview, Glendewar (shire of Bulla)- see the Camiestown Estate journal.)
WEST-Shire of Keilor to Grants Lane,then shire of Bulla.

WEST. Junction Estate, Strathconan,Spring Burn,Chandos Park, CREEK, Kia Ora* (fronting Ardlie St), Dundonald* SWAIN ST, Machell's subdivision, SOMERTON RD, Greenan, Kentucky?
EAST. Viewpoint,Stewarton/Gladstone, TOWNSHIP, Willowbank* (fronting Ardlie St),Springbank*, Bob Jefferies',
Dunvegan,SOMERTON RD, Springfield south and north (Brocklands), Dunhelen.

Pipeline north of Elizabeth St,Westmeadows.-Wattle Glen* (Grove?),Annette Farm* and Glen Allan east to Pascoe Vale Rd.

NORTH. Sherwood, H.Q. of Oaklands Hunt Club, (shire of Bulla), Ballater Park,Greenvale,Greenan,MICKLEHAM RD, Springfield,Glenarthur, Waltham etc, Stony Fields/Roxburgh Park, Somerton settlement.
SOUTH. Woodlands (shire of Bulla),Timber Reserve,SECTION RD., Machell's subdivision,MICKLEHAM RD., Dunvegan,Fairview,Brook Hill..,PASCOE VALE RD,..JOHN WATT'S Oakfield Farm.

Hoctor's ROCKLAW- location to be determined.

By googling TOWNSHIP OF BROADMEADOWS, several maps of the township can be found. The township was on what was probably the most popular early roads to Sydney because the direct route was too boggy between Campbellfield and Somerton. Having reached the Broadmeadows Hotel, travellers would climb the Ardlie St hill to where it joins Mickleham Rd today. Past Donnybrook Lane,the latter road is still called Old Sydney Road.The township was very busy during the rush to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote.Eventually the township (and the hill climb) was bypassed when the road past the Young Queen Inn (Pascoe Vale Rd) was made to link with the new road at Somerton.

There was no bridge in the township so a meeting was held at George and Angus Cameron's Ruthven (Melaway 6 K6) in October 1851 to obtain one. P. 35 BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. 'A more desirable object could not be entered upon,since the inhabitants of [the Tullamarine side of the creek]are obliged to go a distance of nine miles to the Campbellfield mills*,Pentridge &c.;but by such a bridge as is projected,the route will only be three miles.' (*Barber and Lowe's mill at Melway 7 J10,recently the pipeworks market.)

I had always assumed that the bridge would have been at the bottom of Fawkner St,where the historic stone bridge still stands. The 1854 timber bridge actually connected the two parts of Ardlie St and ran south to north across the creek from Tylden Place. The map bears out the evidence given by one of the participants in the 1857 feud between the two policemen that Peter Mitchell was one of the biggest landowners in the town. Many of the original purchasers such as E.DeCarle and William Dixon Scurfield were speculators. De Carle,a Coburg resident if I remember Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS correctly,and Scurfield both bought land at Dromana,the latter building the first hotel there in 1857;it was run by Richard Watkin who established the Dromana Hotel in 1862. The map shows blocks purchased by some of the pioneers mentioned below.

Many township street names honour pioneer farmers in the area such as Niel Black, grantee of the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park, Ardlie (subject of one of my journals, mis-spelt on the map), grantee of part of Edmond Dunn's Viewpoint so ill-used by the Melbourne Hunt in 1869 (my recent journal)and EyreEvans Kenny of Camp Hill (now Gowanbrae.)

ANDERSON -On the 25th July at her residence, Broadmeadows, Johannna Agnes, the dearly beloved wife of John Anderson, baker, aged 41 years.(P.1,Argus,27-7-1908.)

MILLARANDERSON.On the 24th April, at Broadmeadows Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. D. A. Mackenzie, Alexander W., only son of Mrs. Millar and the late Mr. Robert Millar, of Ballater Park, Greenvale, to Mary, second
daughter of Mr. John Anderson and the late Mrs.Anderson, of Bridge Bakery, Broadmeadows. (P.13,Argus,5-6-1920.)

John Anderson was born at Keilor in 1862 of Scottish parents. (P.S.2014. It is possible that he was the son of William Anderson, an early Keilor blacksmith killed at the toll gate near the Keilor bridge, and brother of James Anderson, a farmer and racehorse owner of Keilor Shire, who is discussed in some detail in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT.However, as John's parents were from Inverness and James had been born in Fifeshire,it would seem to be a remote possibility.)

Taught the baking art by Mr O'Mara* of Coburg,he went into baking on his own account (P.S.sometime after the 1880 assessment)in a rented bakery at Broadmeadows (township.)He was married about two years ago to Miss O'Meara* of Heathcote and had one child. (Victoria and its Metropolis,1888.)
(*Both surnames could be the same. Perhaps his tutor moved from Coburg to Heathcote.)

See the BETHELL entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA about the three Bethell brothers, William of Bulla, and John and Edmond (who died young)of Broadmeadows Township. Andrew Lemon gives considerable detail about John in his history.

Moonee Ponds certainly did not mean the present suburb and was a reference to proximity to the Moonee Moonee chain of Ponds, which I would take to mean "Dunhelen". Mrs Brodie was probably sick and tired of having ewes as her only female companions!
MRS. BRODIE, late at Moonee Ponds, begs to inform the Settlers and others, thatshe has opened a Store at Broadmeadows with a complete Stock of Grocery, Drapery, Ironmongery and general Stores, all of which she intends offering at Melbourne prices.(P.1, Argus,8-11-1851.)
It is of interest that two Brodie lads were working as ploughmen for Maconochie on "Stewarton" (immediately south of the township) at about this time and Richard Brodie of Emu Creek (Katesville or Helenville) seemed to be selling at least one 20 acre farm on Dunhelen. The Broadmeadows Hotel and two stores had been advertised for sale in December, 1858, possibly by John Bethell who was visiting England.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 17 June 1859 p 4 Family Notices
...nst., at his residence, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows, Mr. John Bryan, aged 55 years.
The Victoria Hotel, just a bit further up Ardlie St from the Broadmeadows Hotel, separated from it by George Couser's store/post office, was then run by Jane Bryan and burnt down in 1879.

John Bryan's unsuccessful application for a licence for a (licensed)house shows that wattle bark stripping may have provided an early income for township residents. Tanners from Flemington bridge must have been regularly in the township given John's choice of name.
Abraham Bateman applied for a license for a house at Flemington, to be called the Bridge Inn. The application was refused. Wllliam Brewer, for a house at Prahran, to be called the Prahran Inn. Granted.
John Bryam (sic), for a house at Broadmeadows, to be called the Tanners' Home. Refused.(P.5,Argus, 7-9-1853.)

On page 5 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon stated that (in 1857)one of the squabbling policemen had sold a horse to Mr Cain,another of the butchers of Broadmeadows (Township.) Andrew wrote his history to make a living; I write mine to help family historians!

An election notice of 1856 lists the supporters of Robert Bennett for the seat of East Bourke. In the division of Pentridge,William Cain is listed along with such as Enoch Reynolds, Thomas Chadwick, Alexander Gibb (Meadowbank), Peter Mitchell, Samuel House (sic,Howse), and William Chapman (Rev.?)who lived in or near the township.

This is confirmation.
STRAYED into my Paddock, on 24th Ootober, One Black HORSE, branded GW near shoulder, lame on the fore foot. The owner can have him by paying expenses. William Cain. Broadmeadows, 10 Nov.,1857. (P.8, Argus,14-11-1857.)

FARM, on Glenroy Estate, Broadmeadows, to be LET, for 3 years from 1st April next. The farm, which is at present under lease to Mr. William Cain, consists of 564 acres (more or less), partly under cultivation.
(P.8,Argus, 26-2-1859.)

CARGILL-On the 20th July, at Broadmeadows Mary, relict of the late David Cargill, and loving mother of Robert, Lizzie (Mrs Corrigan), John (deceased), and Jean (Mrs. Killingsworth,deceased), aged 92 years (Private interment.) (P.13, Argus, 23-7-1927.)
Cargill and Butler were the town's first butchers and raised much complaint when the creek they did taint. Bob Cargill's son was accidentally killed by young Graco whose family moved to the present Brimbank Park. The Cargills were buried at Bulla. The Corrigans were in the area by 1868.

William Chadwick was an early licencee of the Broadmeadows Hotel in Broadmeadows Township and after some years
took over Peter Pitches' hotel at Essendon and ran it for some time as the FARMERS' ARMS HOTEL. This hotel still stands at the south west corner of Mount Alexander Rd and Buckley St in Essendon, just north of Pitches St. To find the following obituary, I did a search for "william chadwick, benalla, obituary", a strategy that would not have occurred to me if I had not written a history of Ardmillan Road, Moonee Ponds, and met former Essendon Mayor, Dorothy Fullarton, who offered a loan of two histories of the Benalla area which gave much information about the Chadwick family. There was even a photo of the family at the Broadmeadows army camp during W.W.1.

Another old resident, in the person of Mrs Amelia, relict of the late William Chadwick, who for many years owned and conducted the Farmers' Arms Hotel, has just made her exit from the stage of life, her death taking place on Friday evening last.The cause of death was paralysis, from which the deceased, who resided with her niece (Mrs Murray), had suffered for some time past.

The late Mrs Chadwick, who had attained the age of 76 years, was a native of Suffolkshire, England. She arrived in Victoria in 1852 and in the following year became the wife of her late husband, who died about 6 years ago, at Broadmeadows. After a short career in the butchering business, the newly married couple went into hotel keeping in the same locality and then removed to Essendon, where they conducted the Royal Mail Hotel(probably Peter Pitches' name for the hotel) till 1877. In that year they bought the Farmers' Arms Hotel (built it according to the history), Benalla, which they ran during the greater part of their life afterwards, winning the goodwill and esteem of all who had occasion to have business, or social intercourse with them. Six years ago they retired from business altogether.

The late Mrs Chadwick was the mother of a family of three, two of whom survive her - viz., Messrs Martin
Chadwick, one of the most prosperous and largest hearted landholders of Lake Rowan, and W. Chadwick, another esteemed and well-to-do man, who resides at St. James. The deceased lady herself was one of the most generous and popular women who ever resided in our midst - a most magnificent type of that open - hearted Englishwoman
we used to meet in the days of boyhood- one of those woman, indeed, whose humanity and humility shone lustrously throughout her life, who knew no such thing as sect or creed where the cause of Charity was concerned, and whose practical sympathy was the admiration of all who were acquainted with it. Without exaggeration it might he said that a more estimable or a more esteemed, woman has never, perhaps, resided in our midst, a fact which was simply borne out by the large number of people, old inhabitants, in particular, who followed her remains to the grave. The obsequies at the interment were presided over by the Rev. A. C.M'Connan, of the Presbyterian Church, Mr.T. Hanlon carrying out the funeral arrangements.
(P. 3, The North Eastern Ensign,7-8-1908.)

It's hardly worthwhile for any Couser descendants to borrow BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY so I'll give Andrew Lemon's words verbatim. P.63.(1857-1882) "and George Couser had long since replaced Peter Mitchell as the general storekeeper." P.114-5.(1907-1916.) "Broaddmeadows town seemed to take its pace from old George Couser who continued to run his post office store in its little wooden building next to the Broadmeadows Hotel, as he had done since the late* 1860's. He was 83 when he died,still postmaster,in January 1912."
*As shown below,George was living in the township in 1865 or probably a year earlier, as he'd have to earn a reputation before being appointed as a registrar. George also served as a registrar of births and deaths, and auditor for the shire of Broadmeadows.

I Hereby notify that GENERAL LISTS for the Broadmeadows Division of East Bourke District and South Province are PRINTED, and ready for INSPECTION at my office up to the 18th October,1865. Geo. Couser, Electoral Registrar, Broadmeadows.

A man named George Mansfield has been arrested by the detective police on the charge of stealing a quantity of wearing-apparel, to the value of about 12, from Mr. George Couser, of Broadmeadows, on the 7th inst.He was lodged in the lock-up, and will be brought before the City Court to-day. (P.4,Argus,10-2-1868.)

COUSER.On the 28th February, at Melbourne Hospital, Mary Jane, beloved wife of George Couser, Broadmeadows, aged 69 years, 11 months. (P.9, Argus, 2-3-1910.)

COUSER. On the 29th January, at his residence,Broadmeadows, George Couser (postmaster), aged 83 years.
At rest. (P.1, Argus,30-1-1912.)

On a Will Will Rook cemetery website, George Couser's surname is wrongly given as Cowser. This website was not compiled by the Friends of W.W.R. Cemetery.

WRIGHT-COUSER. -[Silver Wedding.] - On the 21st October, 1896, at "Bay View," Tullamarine, by the Rev. Henry Robinson, Edgar Allan, fifth son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright, to Lucy Ellen, daughter of the late George and Mary Couser. (Present address "Lealholme," Broadmeadows.)(P.1, Argus, 21-10-1921.)

Well I'll be! Edgar (Ted) Wright was Broadmeadows Township's wheelwright,operating on the east corner of Black St (now Coopers Hill Drive.) He had been apprenticed to his older brother,Fred,a blacksmith at Tullamarine (at the bottom left corner of 5 E7) before establishing his own business in John Kingshott's former blacksmith premises. The Parr, Wright and Nash families were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist Church,the last two owning adjoining properties (Sunnyside and Fairview which are the subject of this archeological survey:
[PDF]rchaeology t TARDIS - Hume City Council). Charles Nash also owned Bay View, nearer to Tullamarine Junction, which would have been handier for the guests from the township. This farm was much of today's Trade Park Industrial Estate. It is probable that George Couser was not a Methodist, otherwise they would have been married in the Tullamarine Methodist Church,on a block between the present Trade Park Drive and Post Office Lane (the northern boundary of Trade Park) which Charles Nash had sold to the church for a trifle.

This makes George Couser part of my family tree!
WRIGHTCOCK. On the 11th June, 1913, at Christ Church Essendon by the Rev Whitton, Thomas Henry, son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright late of Tullamarine to Catherine Eliza daughter of the late John and Elizabeth Cock late of Gladstone Broadmeadows (Present address, View Point Tullamarine.) (P.8, Argus, 11-6-1930.)

DARMODY.The Darmody family lived in the Broadmeadows district rather than the township but as I won't be starting a BROADMEADOWS DICTIONARY HISTORY until I finish the BULLA one (a few years!)I'd better give them a mention here. They were resident in the area by the 1860's and until at least the 1950's. See ROCKLAW.

DRAIN.-The Friends of the late Mrs. ELIZA DRAIN are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the place of interment, in the Campbellfield* Cemetery.The funeral will leave her late residence, Broadmeadows, THIS DAY (Saturday, 31st inst.), at 3 o'clock p.m. (P.13, Argus,31-10-1908.) *Probably Will Will Rook Cemetery.

DUNCAN (nee Drain).-On the 4th August, 1930, Ann, the dearly beloved wife of Robert Duncan,of Kalgoorlie. W.A., and loving daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Drain, of Broadmeadows,and loved sister of John (deceased), Mary Jane(Mrs. T. Jackson), Lizzie (Mr.T. Halstead, deceased), Maggie (Mrs R.F.Anderson), Maria(Mrs. J. Thorne, deceased). Matilda (deceased),Bella (Mrs J. Jones), and Alice (Mrs. W. H.Cock). -Resting. (W.A. papers please copy.) (P.13, Argus,16-9-1930.)

I can hear you thinking, "Hardly pioneers!" On the above evidence from Trove alone,that would seem a reasonable comment. A quarter of a century ago,I spent so much time at the Broadmeadows Town Hall transcribing rates that some of the council staff actually thought I worked there. And one of the memories that remains after all this time is how much land the Drains owned in the township. I presume that much of it would have been at the eastern end of the township where there were 2 and 4 acre blocks. In those days, a reasonable house on a quarter acre block would have a nett annual value of 5 pounds. Broadmeadows Township had become a sleepy hollow and land values had dropped so much that many house blocks would probably have a nett annual value of only about two pounds.

Here's a question. How do you make three hours of transcription go down the DRAIN in a fraction of a second?
Easy. Highlight it to copy it and instead of right clicking to copy, clicking backspace.
Members of the Drain family, resident in Broadmeadows Township by 1863, were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery from 1867. The Andersons lived across today's Melrose Drive from the Springbank St corner, Robert Foster Anderson (born of Irish parents at Fitzroy in 1859 and moving to Tullamarine when he was 5) having a 52 acre farm in 1888. This later became 41 acres and was farmed by Alf Hownslow who called it "Sinleigh", Robert, and Maggie Drain of Broadmeadows whom he'd married in 1881, having moved by 1920 to Glenarthur (which is now covered by the western half of the Greenvale reservoir.) They must have moved further north towards Craigieburn later.

John and Bertram Anderson,brothers who took over Alf Hounslow's 41 acre farm at Tullamarine in about 1940 might have been Robert and Maggie's sons. If any descendants would like the lost information,private message me.By the way,we are related because William Henry Cock who married Alice Sarah Drain in 1910 was my grandfather!

ANDERSON. On the 23rd September 1934 at private hospital, Margaret, beloved wife of Robert Foster Anderson (late of Craigieburn)and dearly loved mother of Arthur, Florence (Mrs. F. D. Ewert) Annabella (Mrs. W. D.
Mann), William, Hector, Margaret ( Mrs D S Aitken) and Thomas aged 71 years. (P.1, Argus,24-9-1934.)

ANDERSON -On the 6th May at his daughter's residence 17 Kent street Flemington,Robert Foster Anderson, relict oi the late Margaret and loving father of Arthur, Florence(Mrs F E Ewert) Annabella (Mrs W D Mann) William (deceased) Hector, Margaret(Mrs D S Aitken) and Thomas, aged 80 years -At rest (P.8,Argus,8-5-1939.)

AITKEN. On September 15, at private hospital,Margaret Maria, youngest daughter of the late Robert Foster and Margaret Anderson (late of Craigieburn), dearly loved sister of Arthur, Florence(Mrs. Ewert), Annabelle (Mrs. Mann), William (deceased), Hector, and Thomas. Dearly loved and deeply mourned.(P.4,Argus,16-9-1940.)

While trying to pinpoint the location of "Rocklaw" with a DARMODY,BROADMEADOWS search on trove,I came across evidence that the Drain family was in (or near) the township by 1868. One of the family gave evidence in the Edmund Dunn v Samuel Waldock case re damage to sheep and crops on Dunn's Viewpoint.

Joseph Draine, examined by Mr.HIGGINBOTHAM.-I am a contractor, and have land at Broadmeadows. I know Mr. Dunn's land. On Saturday, the 15th August, I was standing at my own place at Broadmeadows. I saw the horsemen galloping down the hill towards the creek. I went to the top of the hill to see the sport. I saw the hounds go amongst the sheep, which were running in all directions. I did not see any of the sheep worried by the hounds, but a number of them were driven down to the creek. (P.6, Argus,5-11-1868.)

Mr James Drain of 24 Vanberg road, Essendon who died last week was a colonist of 72 years. Born in 1848 in the
County of Monaghan, North Ireland he arrived In Melbourne in 1862. He worked for his brother, a contractor at Broadmeadows for a time. Then he went into the service of the late C. B. Fisher on his Cumberland Estate. Later he was promoted to the management and assisted Mr Fisher in breeding Shorthorn cattle there and at the Maribyrnong Estate. Afterward he entered the service of the Essendon City Council in which he remained until he retired from active work. Mr Drain had been a member of Court Broadmeadows A.O.F. for 64 years and he went through the principal offices. He also belonged to the Masonic order.His wife survives him with four sons and
one daughter. (P.8,Argus, 4-4-1934.)

Members of the Gage family buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery and date of burial:
ANN STEWART, 18-5-1867; ELIZABETH, 21-8-1889; GOUGH, 6-10-1870; JANE, 14-11-1914; RICHARD,28-12-1895;
RICHARD, 9-11-1915; RICHARD,3-3-1937.

G.Charles Nash,who came to Victoria in 1849 and established his farm "Fairview", the so called VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD*, married Mary Gage in 1854 so it can be presumed that the Gage family was living in Broadmeadows Township by that time. Mary carried on the dairying and hay growing on Fairview, and Bayview (see COUSER above) after the death of Charles at 58 on 19-8-1884, and died at the age of 83 on 21-2-1919.
(*Google VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD to get the ON MY DOORSTEP article and add TARDIS to get the archeological assessment.)

It is possible that the longtime Gage residence in the township was on lots 4 and 5 of section 24,on which Hugh Gage was assessed in 1920, a half acre fronting Grundy St at its junction with Bent St. Harry Heaps who arrived in Tullamarine in 1923 as a 14 year old and lived on Wallis Wright's old Sunnyside between Fairview and Wright St,told me that Dicky Gage was renowned throughout the district as a haystack builder and didn't mind a drink or six.

Hugh Gage was one of four township residents given work in the 1892 depression by Broady Shire.(BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

Of horse-hayrakes there are 16 entries. In this branch, Messrs. Madders, Geo. Grant, James Grant, G. Munsie, and G. Alston are the exhibitors of colonial, and Messrs. T. Robinson and Co., and Mr. Gilmore, of Broadmeadows, of imported, manufactures....Except in the matter of cheese-presses the entries are not numerous, Mr. Gilmore, of Broadmeadows, exhibits the only colonial cheese-press in the show, but the almost entire absence of any such thing at former exhibitions makes them a valuable feature of the present exhibition.
(Port Phillip Farmers' Society Great Exhibition. P.5,Argus,3-10-1860.)

MARRIAGE. LAWRIE-GILMORE. On the 22nd ult., at Broadmeadows, by the Rev. D. Chapman, James Lawrie to Agnes, only daughter of Mr Wm. Gilmore,of Broadmeadows. ( The Australian News for Home Readers (Vic. : 1864 - 1867) Thursday 27 December 1866 p 16.)

DR. HARRIS begs to inform the inhabitants of Broadmeadows, and the surrounding districts, that he has commenced
practice as Surgeon and Accoucheur in the above Township. (P.7,Argus,18-1-1853.)

NOTICE.-BROADMEADOWS.-To Capitalists or Gentlemen seeking a Snug Proporty.-HENRY HILL, Esq.. of Broadmeadows, having made up his mind to revisit Scotland, Is disposed to SELL his property in the above township. It consists of a comfortable well finished Cottage, with one acre of garden-ground, stable, &c, within forty yards of the English Church* ; and Two Acres** of rich Land, Well fenced, now under crop, adjoining the National
School, in tho main street (Raleigh-street), and would, if cut up into building lots, be Invaluable. The whole is at present in the occupation of James Weston, Esq., M.D., at a rental of one hundred and four pounds per
annum. Nothing can exceed the beauty of this township for a suburban residence, it being only ten miles
from Melbourne and conveyances ply daily to and from.
For particulars apply to HENRY HILL, Esq., on the premises, at Broadmeadows. Title perfect, a Grant direct from the Crown. There is abundance of water the year round and in tho driest seasons. (P.8, Argus, 28-9-1857.)
* Lots 1 and 2,section 10,fronting the south side of Raleigh St from Pascoe St to Riddell St.
** Lots 7, 8, 9,10,section 13 fronting the north side of Raleigh St from Riddell St to Shadforth St, adjoining the National School reserve four chains (80 metres) from Raleigh St.

Johnny Cash sang a song about a boy named Sue because the name would make him tough. Jan Brian Kingshott from Exeter in Devon gets the same taunts but they weren't intended. Jan is actually a version of John in the local dialect,and following his father into the police force, Jan seems tough enough anyway. Jan is responsible for the website:
Gordon Victor Kingshott - Kingshott Genealogy;
Gordon was the son of John & Elizabeth Kingshott of Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He was the great grandson of John Kingshott of ...

John Kingshott of Broadmeadows was the fourth child of a machine breaker. This was a common offence during the industrial revolution,especially in relation to production of textiles because spinning and weaving were occupations carried out in workers' cottages and factories were destroying their livelihood. James Ford,who pioneered and named Portsea on Victoria's Mornington Peninsula was transported for the same offence. Jan provided the information below. Gordon Victor Kingshott was the great grandson of the machine breaker and grandson of John Kingshott and Elizabeth, and was born in 1889. His service record is provided by Jan.

Family Group Sheet for John Kingshott
Husband: John Kingshott
John Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 01 Jan 1792 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 May 1866 in O'Briens Ridge, Glenorchy, Tasmania, Australia
Lydia Morford
Francis Kingshott
Wife: Mary
Birth: 1802 in England
Death: 27 Feb 1839 in Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 01 Mar 1839 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia

1 Name:
M Gender:
William Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 26 Mar 1820 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 Sep 1876 in O'Briens Bridge, Glenorchy, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: St Pauls Church, Montrose, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 17 Aug 1841 in St Johns Church, New Town, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: Eliza Peardon (b: 1825)

2 Name:
F Gender:
Mary Ann Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 23 Feb 1823 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 28 Nov 1871 in Grass Tree Hill, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 01 Dec 1871 in St. George of Ease Chapel, Lachlan Village, Tasmania,
Marriage: 19 Jun 1840 in St Matthews Church, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: William Sargent (b: Abt. 1811)

3 Name:
F Gender:
Hannah Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 23 Jan 1825 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 Feb 1878 in Dry Creek, New Norfolk, Tasmania, England
Burial: 11 Feb 1878 in Macquarie Plains, New Norfolk, Tasmania, England
Marriage: 10 Jun 1840 in St Matthew's Church, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: James Coleman (b: Abt. 1807)

4 Name:
M Gender:
John Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 18 Mar 1827 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 09 Sep 1901 in Broadmeadows, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Marriage: 1849 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Caroline Clark (b: Abt. 1821)
Emma Jane Puzey (b: 1841)


5 Name:
M Gender:
James Kingshott
Birth: Abt. Jul 1829 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Page 1 of 2 10 July 2009 21:07:08Family Group Sheet for John Kingshott
Burial: 21 Oct 1829 in Greatham, Hampshire, England

6 Name:
M Gender:
Francis Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 16 Jan 1831 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 07 Feb 1900 in The Lachlan, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 10 Feb 1900 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 21 Oct 1855 in Weslyan Chapel, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: Mary Ann Morgan (b: 06 Aug 1834)

7 Name:
F Gender:
Ellen Kingshott
Birth: 21 Jan 1837 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 23 Dec 1851 in Weslyan Chapel, Melville Street, Hobart, Tasmania
Spouses: Thomas Close (b: 1827)

Jan is looking for information about the Australian branch of the Kingshotts. Let's try the Will Will Rook Cemetery.

Jan may be unaware of trove, a website of digitised newspapers and other items such as photos,produced by the National Library of Australia. I have already seen references to the Tasmanian Kingshotts, but I will confine myself to the Broadmeadows family. There was a Kingshott who served as Mayor of Brunswick (between Broady and Melbourne) in the 1930's and a champion golfer of the 1950's who lived in Frankston (well south of Melbourne),as well as an athlete named Jack Kingshott who won at the St. Patrick's Day sports at Dandenong, but I will not deal with them until a link with the Broadmeadows family is found. They could have been descendants of the machine breaker though. I met and spoke with descendants of the Kingshotts at the (125th?) anniversary of the Broadmeadows State School (now Westmeadows Primary School) circa 1990. When I did a White pages search for "Kingshott,Westmeadows" there were nine results but none in or near Westmeadows.

John Kingshott bought blocks in Broadmeadows Township in 1856.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 26 November 1856 p 6 Article
... 8. Two roods Peter Mitchell, 6 the lot. Lot 9. Two roods, John Kingshott, 10 ,the lot. Lot 10. ... 17. One rood twenty-eight perches, John Kingshott, 12 10s. the lot. Lot l8. Two roods eight porches, John Kingshott, 11 the lot.

The Broadmeadows Township map can be obtained online by googling "Broadmeadows, county of Bourke". It is fairly certain that the above sales were in section 24 where Jack Hoctor told me the Kingshotts owned land.Grundy St had not yet been declared. It is likely that John Kingshott also later purchased Enoch Reynold's grant across Fawkner St which seems to be about where the Westmeadows garage now stands. This had been a Kingshott property on which Ted Wright had his wheelwright business on the corner of Black St (now Coopers Hill Drive) nearer the creek.

The following advertisement is of Peter Mitchell grant,on the east corner of Bent and Fawkner St which had only just under a third of the frontage to Grundy St, the rest belonging to crown allotments 2, 3 and 8,granted to John Kingshott. The owner is not named but Mitchell had probably sold crown allotment 1 in about 1859. Jack Hoctor's statement that Ted Wright's wheelwright premises across Fawkner St on the Westmeadows garage site had previously occupied by a Kingsott is confirmed.

ASHWORTH and Co (H.Tope auctioneer) will SELL at AUCTION as above W.B. store and dwelling with kitchen,
stabling, tank &c, land 2 acres 5 perches; rent 6/6 per week.
The property is nearly opposite Mr Kingshott's, wheelwright. Title under the Real Property Act.
Ashworth and Co, 325 Collins street. Telephone 505. (P.2, Argus,15-6-1901.)

It was either Jack Hoctor or Harry Heaps who told me about George Kingshott and the white horse.George Kingshott had a smithy on section 24,(on the Kingshott grants), across Fawkner St from Ted Wright's wheelwright business. A customer arrived late in the day to have his horse shod. As it was nearly dark,George promised to start the job early in the morning. The horse was left with him and George kept his word but the customer might not have been too happy with the paint job. Some of the township lads had used whitewash to create a white horse!

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 10 April 1908 p 5 Article.

Jan (old Devon word for John)Kingshott has been sent the I-L volume of my DHOTAMA. When Aussie Kingshotts supply him with some wanted info,I'm sure you could ask him to attach the file to a return email. Or you could private message me your email address. The information below from the file has to be transcribed so it is very brief.

John Kingshott was an original member of the school committee of Broadmeadows State School No.982. (Westmeadows Primary School Centenary booklet.)

KINGSHOTT,John,Broadmeadows,is a native of Hampshire, England, who came to Tasmania with his parents in 1835,being then but eight years of age. In 1846 they removed to Victoria, landing at Geelong, and the father being a blacksmith,the son learned the trade,at which he worked as journeyman in Melbourne for three years and then started on his own account in Gippsland and carried on there for five years. After a year at the Forest Creek (Castlemaine) diggings,he returned to Melbourne,and after being there for a short time,resumed his trade at Broadmeadows,where he has carried on now for about thirty four years,owning the premises and also other property in the township. He was married in 1849 and has a family of five sons,three of whom are associated with him in the business, and two daughters,and has twelve grandchildren.
(Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present, 1888,A. Sutherland.)

Other information in the file includes rate records, a map and references to the Kingshotts in BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. If you do get a copy of the file,be aware that the locations of A and B on the page 84 map,probably done at 5 a.m.,are wrong; they should be either side of Fawkner St, not Turner St. This error cannot be fixed on the file.

George Langhorne ran the first mission for the aborigines in Melbourne on the site of the Botanical Gardens. If I remember correctly, the Wurundjeri lad, Tullamarine's, first conviction resulted from his theft of some potatoes from the mission's garden. George, like Protector Thomas,took a real interest in the aboriginal vocabulary and made a bit of a boo boo,according to a story seen in several histories. Seeing 100 fence posts that had no apparent owner,George probably used them to enclose the garden to stop wandering stock from doing a "Tullamarine". However the posts belonged to surveyor Robert Hoddle,who made a deal with George, deciding to accept 100 aboriginal names instead of demanding the return of the posts. Most parishes in the north west of Melbourne and many town names were probably supplied by George. Tullamarine, Jika Jika, Will Will Rook, Yuroke, Doutta Galla, Maribyrnong and Bulla Bulla were probably some of the words on George's list used to name parishes near Broadmeadows,those in bold type probably having something to do with frogs (as with Tootgarook.)

George was probably something like a lay-reader and took the first Presbyterian services for residents in Broadmeadows Township and the Bulla area,the latter at Peter Young's Nairn (see my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA.) Peter was raising money for Free Presbyterian churches at both places when Rev. Chapman, from a different schism of the fractured denomination, arrived and opposed his plans as detailed in BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and the YOUNG entry in my dictionary history.

George was actually a Broadmeadows Road Board ratepayer but I cannot give details as I no longer have my rate transcriptions.

(Locations of the various crown allotments mentioned are given in brackets.)
Important Sale of Valuable Freehold Properties, Household Furniture,Horses, Cows, Carts, &c.
At Broadmeadows, Fronting the Main Road.
To Speculators, Capitalists, Small Farmers, and Others.
SYMONS and PERRY have received instructions from Mr. Peter Mitchell to SELL by AUCTION, on the ground, on Thursday, February 10, at 11 o'clock, The following freehold properties :

Lot1. Government allotment 1 of section 24, upon which is erected large store and dwelling house, bakehouse, detached kitchen, and stable.
(Triangular block fronting half of east side of Bent St and about 50 metres of Fawkner St.)

Lot 2. Government allotment 7 of section 23, upon which is erected hay and corn store.
(Across Fawkner St from Bent St running to Turner St. Peter was also granted crown allotments 1,4, 5, 6 and 8 of section 23.)

Lot 8. Government allotment 8, of section 5, upon which are erected three dwelling houses, one containing four rooms, and two of two rooms each, with stabling attached.
(Section 5 was bounded by Broad St, Raleigh St and Wills St with crown allotment 8 being a square block at its south end near the creek,probably 40x 40 metres. There were probably two blocks fronting Wills St with the third block occupying the un-named Black St on the western side of the allotment.)

Lot 4. Government allotments 36 and 37, containing together 4 acres 1 rood and 2 perches, and upon which is erected a two-roomed dwelling house, the whole fenced In and under cultivation.
(Four acres 1 rood and 11 perches fronting the south side of Johnstone St, the west side of Lyons St and the Moonee Ponds Creek. Nine perches was used to reduce the steepness of the climb up the Johnstone St hill, i.e. 808 links x 1 chain deviation. The present Johnstone St corner in Melway 6 C8 roughly indicates the western extent of lot 36; Johnstone St seems to have followed the southern section of today's Westfield Boulevard -the deviation referred to-and crossed the Yuroke Creek at about the location of the footbridge in 6 D7.)

Let 6. Government allotments 1, 2, and 6 of section 23. (See lot 2. Crown allotment 6 was on the uphill side of crown allotment 7. C/A 1 fronted Forman St from Fawkner St to Turner St and was granted to Peter; c/a 2, adjoining it to the north was granted to John Johnstone,whose surname I believe was Johnson, as in the Glendewar/Cumberland/ Spring Park, in Keilor Rd, family.)

The whole are in the township of Broadmeadows, in the very best situation, fronting the main road.
Immediately after the sale of the above, The whole of the household furniture and effects,horses, cows, dogcart, gig, two spring carts, harness, &c.
Observe.-On the ground, Thursday, February 10, at 11 o'clock. (P.2, Argus, 10-2-1859.)

MORRIS James p.27, 30 teacher

I'm fairly sure that a member of this family is one of those listed on the Township's war memorial which used to be near the Will Will Rook end of the bridge until it became a traffic hazard and Walter V.(Major)Murphy moved it to the old windmill site. Amazingly there is only one result on trove for MULDOWNIE, BROADMEADOWS.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 4 October 1888 p 1 Family Notices
... MULDOWNIE. -On the 3rd inst., at his residence, Broadmeadows, after a long and painful illness, Michael Muldownie, aged 56 years.

There should be a result for "James Muldownie, Bulla, Broadmeadows" but there isn't! Yet a "Bulla, Broadmeadows" search had uncovered this.

Bulla-Broadmeadows Mail Contractor.
The residents of the Bulla, Oaklands and Tullamarine districts will have cause to regret the termination, at the end of this month, of Mr. James Muldowney's contract with the Postal authorities for the conveyance of His Majesty's mails to and from Bulla, and Broadmeadows. Mr. Muldowney has, at all times during his contract, been
very regular in his running, which was very pleasing to the residents of the districts above mentioned, also he has been most obliging and courteous at all times, responding willingly to the smallest request, for which all his friends desire to publicly acknowledge their indebtedness.
(P.2, Flemington Spectator,28-6-1917.)

Was the name actually Muldowney? It's strange that the soldier has not been mentioned! Let's try "Muldowney,Broadmeadows."

Amongst those killed in action in France on 13th November was Private George Muldowney, formerly of Broadmeadows, and youngest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Muldowney, of Broadmeadows. The deceased, who was a
single man, was born at Broadmeadows 40 years ago, and was educated at the Tullamarine* and Broadmeadows State Schools. He left the district some 14 years ago, and remained on Mooloomein station, N.S.W., where he was
much respected, until he enlisted. Two of his sisters are Mrs. Rowe, of The Boulder, W. A., and Mrs. O'Hare, of

Copy of a letter sent to Mrs. Rowe, 49 Dwyer street, The Boulder, W.A.
Town Clerk's Office,Boulder. 14th Dec., 1916.
Madam,-I have, by direction, to respectfully convey to you the sympathy of the Mayor, councillors and staff
for you and yours in the sad bereavement occasioned by the death of Private George Muldowney, recently fallen at the front. The memory of the sacrifice made by him in so nobly laying down his life for his country will be
kept sacred in the hearts of all residents in this district, and he will be appreciated as one of Australia's
heroes.-I am, yours very sincerely, E. W. V. GRIBBLE. Town Clerk.
(The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter, Thursday 18 January 1917 Edition: Morning. p 6 Article.)

(*I am sure the name was also on Tullamarine's war memorial,probably because he had been a student at the Tullamarine School. That's most likely why (after quarter of a century) I remembered it being on Broady's too.)

MULDOWNEY.In sad and loving memory of our dear mother, Catherine Muldowney, who died at Broadmeadows, July 19, 1902 also our dear father, Michael Muldowney, died October 3, 1888. Rest in peace. (Inserted by their loving sons and daughter, J. and G. Muldowney and C. M.O'Hare.) (P.9, Argus,18-7-1903.)

George and James had a third sister not mentioned above.Who's a SPOT THE DIFFERENCE champ?
MULDOWNEY.-Killed in action on 13th. November, Private George Bernard Muldowney, dearly beloved youngest son of the late Michael and Catherine Muldowney, of Broadmeadows, Vic, much loved brother of Mrs. McNamara, Mrs
O'Hare, Jim, Jack, Mrs Rowe (W.A.), late of Moulamein, N.S.W. R.I. P.(P.13,The Argus, 16-12-1916.)

And another brother, John, who may have been an agent at Mernda and a deputy electoral registrar.
AFTER fourteen days from the publication (there-?)of application will be made to the Supreme Court of Victoria, In Its Probate Jurisdiction that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of JAMES HENRY MULDOWNEY, late of Riddle* street, Broadmeadows, In Victoria, of no occupation, deceased,Intestate, may be granted to John Muldowney, of Riddle street, Broadmeadows aforesaid, of no occupation, and brother and one of the next of kin of the said deceased. Dated the twenty-second day of January, 1935, RODDA, BALLARD, & VROLAND, 430 Little Collins street, Melbourne, proctors for the applicant. (P.1, Argus, 22-1-1935.)
(* Riddell St, named after John Carre Riddell.)

NASH,Charles.See PHILLIPS. See "Fairview."
Charles Nash was not a township resident but his wife, Mary, nee Gage,had been before her marriage.

Joshua Phillips had a boot and shoe store at Broadmeadows in 1859.(POLICE, 5th case,P.6, Argus,24-11-1859.)
The Westmeadows Tavern heritage citation states that part of the site,lot 11 granted to John Pearsall in 1850 for 7 pounds, was sold to John Bethell who then sold it to Jabez Jacob Phillips in 1859 for 380 pounds. By 1867,Phillips was dead and his heir sold to Frances Phillips.It was then owned by William Burrows (by 1871),Charles Nash from 1876 with his widow, Mary (nee Gage) selling it to John Anderson,the baker near the bridge, Mary Morton after the baker's death in 1942 and C.U.B. from 1966.

Joshua Phillip's block was crown allotment 11 of section 2 which was the first block (apart from a triangular reserve) north of the 1854 timber bridge which joined the two ends of Ardlie St. (Google BROADMEADOWS,COUNTY OF BOURKE.)

Same family?
PHILLIPS -On the 17th inst., at George-street, Fitzroy,Mrs. H. Phillips, of Broadmeadows, of a daughter.
(P.4, Argus, 19-11-1870.)

REYNOLDS Enoch p.25

WATT The Watt family was not resident in the township,but just south of Roxburgh Park. Like the Darmody family,this inclusion is in lieu of a dictionary history which may never happen. See OAKFIELD.

WESTON Dr. James. See HILL.
The throw off was in Woodlands Estate opposite the Sherwood homestead (178 C6). Going east over the creek to the first fence (178 D7)the line turned south into the Greenvale Sanatorium property. Jumping into Cumberland (178 D12)an easterly swing was made going up the Gellibrand hill to J. Attwood's Dundonald which was soon crossed. Hounds ran over the Mickleham road to Campbell's Springbank travelling fast (178 J12.) An easterly swing was made to S.Walsh's Annette (6 C1) and then south to Willowbank 6 B5), again east to J.Walsh's* (6 C5). Turning south once more hounds well strung out took the field over a lane (Kenny St) into Anderson's** thence to Underwood's **where a check was made. Taking up the line again with a following wind the Broadmeadows road was crossed to Phahoff's*** (6 E7.) (P.12,Argus,17-8-1936.)
*J.Walsh's farm was south of Annette Farm,not far from the north end of Elizabeth St. The Lloyd's called it Wattle Glen but the advertisement of 1929 called it Wattle Grove.
** Anderson,whose historic house stands between the historic hall and the historic bridge, was the town's baker and Tim Underwood had followed Bob Cargill as the town's butcher. As rate books did not specify where exactly their land was,it would have been near Elizabeth St in Broadmeadows Township.
***Pahoff had been on Glen Allan by 1920 but John Twomey was still residing in the house. Glen Allan was on the north side of Johnstone St and the Glen Lyn land was across this road on the south side. Pahoff was assessed on exactly the same number of acres that John Twomey had been and the rate book may even have specified his property being Glen Allan. The whole road from Broadmeadows Rd to Sydney Rd was originally called Campbellfield Rd but was renamed Camp Rd because of the army camp.
TENDERS are invited by THE UNION TRUSTEE COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED, of 333 Collins street, Melbourne, for a GRAZING LEASE of THREE YEARS for the 250 acres which have a frontage to Camp road, Broadmeadows, and is
at present occupied by Messrs. Letwin and Pahoff.(P.16,Argus, 19-1-1938.)This was part of McLean's Glen Lyn property south of Johnstone St and Glen Allan.

For Absolute Sale, on Account of Miss Twomey, who has Leased her Property.(P.5, Argus, 22-11-1913.)

TWOMEY - On the 20th August, at his residence,"Glen Allan", Broadmeadows, John Twomey,JP, in his 56th year. R.I. P. (P.1, Argus, 2-8-1919.)
CORRIGAN. On the 14th inst., at her residence, Annette, Broadmeadows, Bridget, widow of the late William Corrigan, aged 70 years. R.I.P. (P.1,Argus, 16-1-1893.)

BROADMEADOWS (Feb. 10) -M'Phail Bros. and Co. report having conducted a very successful clearing sale on behalf of Mr W. J Corrigan, Annette Farm, Broadmeadows, of his dairy cattle, (etc.) (P.5, Argus, 24-2-1910.)

I thought Jack Hoctor and George and Sid Lloyd had just forgotten to mention Annette Farm when they discussed the sale of the Kennedy farms in 1929. They didn't forget it; it wasn't sold then despite being advertised. The executors wouldn't have bothered trying to sell it during the 1930's depression.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27. At Half-past Two O'Clock. At Scott's Hotel. Melbourne._
Under Instructions from THE TRUSTEES,EXECUTORS,AND AGENCY COMPANY LIMITED, of 401 Collins street. Melbourne,
In the Estate of Donald Kennedy. Deceased.
-SALE OF NICE FARM AT BROADMEADOWS. Known as Annette. Containing About 291 ACRES of FIRST-CLASS COUNTRY. Being Part of Crown Allotment 9 at Broadmeadows, with Entrance Off Kenny Street, and Adjacent to Properties Owned by Edward Campbell, Esq.. and Messrs. W.and J. Walsh. It is Suitable for City Milk, Fattening, and Cultivation, Bounded by Permanent Creek, with-Rich Flats and Banks Thereon, Supplemented by Dams, and Also U.G. Tank for Domestic Purposes. The Property Occupies an Admirable Position, in a Progressive Area, Within 12 Miles of
Metropolitan Markets, and Adjacent to the Broadmeadows Electric Train Service, with Supplementary Bus Service Connecting with Essendon. The Property is Fairly Fenced: Also Cow Bails and Shedding Thereon. A Good Property and Being for Definite Sale,Proposed Buyers May Attend the Sale with Confidence. (P.14,Argus,23-1-1943.)

BALLATER PARK. Roughly Melway 178 C-D 3-5,part 6.Alex Hatty's 100 acres became "Sherwood"(described under Dickinson in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal) which is the headquarters of the Oaklands Hunt Club. Both parts of Haslett's grant were described as being at Green Gully.


Place: Ballater Park Place No.- 80
Type: Dwelling - farmhouse
Location: 960 Somerton Road, Greenvale
Critical Date(s): early mud brick cottage constructed c.early 1860s (since demolished); main
weatherboard homestead constructed c.1870s; rear weatherboard kitchen etc. constructed c. late
1800s or early 1900s.
Historic Theme(s): 'The Land: Producing'; 'The Landscape: Perceptions and Transformations'.
Previous Heritage Registration(s): None
Recommended Level of Significance: Local
Statement of Significance:
The farmhouse at Ballater Park was erected in the 1870s on a property of some 214 acres
established by the Scottish settler, Alexander Michie, in 1863. It is of local architectural and
historical significance as the substantially intact, last remaining example of the numerous
weatherboard farmhouses built in the immediate area around the same time. As a group, these
farmhouses are of interest because they were nearly all erected by Scottish immigrants on
similarly sized farms.
Ballater Park is also unique in the area for its continuing use as a farm by members of the
same family. It is also distinguished by its setting; the land surrounding the farmhouse is little
changed in its park-like quality, with gum trees dotting the gently undulating landscape. As
such it is of critical importance in demonstrating a way of life, a land use and a landscape of
particular significance in the history of the study area, and which is in danger of being lost to the
encroaching suburbia.
History and Description:
The land on which Ballater Park is situated, allotment R of Section 10 of the Parish of
Yuroke, was originally part of a station occupied by a Major Firebrace, and it appears that his
outstation was located a short distance to the east of the present homestead.1
Allotment R of Section 10 was purchased from the Crown by a John Haslet in 1849; he
paid 1 per acre for the 314 acres. The title then passed through the hands of several owners
until Alexander and Esther Michie, ancestors of the present owners, purchased 214 acres of the
property in 1863. The other 100 acres was, by 1863, owned by a Samuel Hatty.2
No records have yet been located concerning the arrival of the Michies in the Port
Phillip District, but Alexander Michie was born in Aberdeen in 18233 and the name they gave
to their property is said to have come from Esther's birthplace in Scotland.4
In their descriptions of Alexander Michie's land, some of the earliest entries in the
Broadmeadows Road Board Rate Books5 note the location of his 'farm', or sometimes 'house
and land', as being variously at 'Green Gully'6 or 'Yuroke'.7 The area 'Green Gully' referred to
the general location where Hatty, Michie, and two other Scottish immigrants John and Donald
McKerchar had settled. Their land fronted what was then called the Deep Creek Road. This
road was also known as McKerchar's Lane, then Green Gully Road, then later as Greenvale
Road, and is now called Somerton Road. The name 'Green Vale' was not used to refer to this
area, once part of a larger district called Euroke or Yuroke, until about 1868;8 it came from the
name that Michie's eastern neighbour, John McKerchar, had given to his property.
The first house that the Michies lived in was a small mud brick cottage, long since
demolished, with earth floors that were dampened to keep it compacted, and then covered with
hessian. The walls were whitewashed and it had a hipped roof.9 Some time later, possibly in
the 1870s, the present homestead was separately erected in front of this cottage, which, with
some weatherboard additions, then became the kitchen because it contained a stove.10
The present weatherboard homestead is substantially intact and has no architectural
pretensions, appearing instead much like any colonial vernacular farmhouse, with its hip roof
(broken by a valley to cover an uneven plan at the rear) and a deep encircling verandah. The
roof is covered with what are probably the original slate tiles, and the chimneys are rendered.
The verandah is sheeted with corrugated iron, and the timber verandah posts are simply detailed
at the top.
At a later stage, possibly late in the nineteenth century or early in the twentieth century,
the mud-brick cottage was demolished and a separate weatherboard structure, larger in size and
located more directly behind the farmhouse, was erected. This also was used to house the
kitchen (still its function), and some other rooms. It has an M-shaped roofline sheeted with
corrugated iron.
1 'Plan showing the Portions Subdivided in Yuroke, Bulla Bulla and Tullamarine', 1847, Historical
Plan OR Y1, CPO.
2 Much of the historical information comes from Annette Ferguson's well-researched history of the
Greenvale area called 'Greenvale: Links with the past', which was written c.1985. A copy of the
unpublished typescript is held at the Sunbury Regional Library; also Current Parish Plan, Parish of
Yuroke, CPO; also PROV, VPRS 7959/P1, Unit 1, Broadmeadows Road Board Rate Book 1863-
3 Entry for the Michie family, No.M25480, in VicGold Genealogy Database, Internet URL
4 Ferguson, op.cit., np.
5 Rate Books, op.cit.
6 For example - rates made in 1864, '65 and '66.
7 For example - rates made in 1863, '67 and '68.
8 Rate Books, op.cit.
9 Ferguson, op.cit., np. citing a grandaughter of Michie, Margaret Lofts, who used to live in the
10 From personal conversation with the current owners.
Alexander Michie died in October 1896 and his assets were described in his Probate
papers as 214 acres with a six-roomed weatherboard cottage and outhouses.11 These
documents also noted that the property was used for grazing purposes only and no area had been
cultivated. Esther remained at the farmhouse until her death in 1911 at the age of 87. Their
daughter, Annie, one of seven children, married a Robert Millar and they lived at a farm called
Springbank (once located in what is now the Attwood area). They moved back into Ballater
Park after Michie's death, changing it from the dairy farm it had always been to a sheep farm.
Their son, Alexander Millar, later rented the adjoining Green Vale property, and in the 1920s
renamed it The Elms. Alexander later moved to Cairn Brae on St.Johns Rd., which had been
built by his uncle, William Michie, but Ballater Park remained in the family. The present
owners are the daughters of Alexander Millar.12
Along the road travelling east towards Somerton there was once a fair number of these
small farms of some 200 to 400 acres with weatherboard farmhouses, all settled in the 1850s
and 1860s by Scottish and English settlers. Today most are gone. Nothing is said to remain of
Green Vale (or The Elms) the last remains having apparently been torn down recently.13
Greenan, the farmhouse of McKerchar's brother, Donald, burnt down some years ago leaving
only a bluestone outbuilding as a reminder of its existence. The properties Glen Arthur and
Waltham, situated further east and owned respectively by Joseph Trotman and Robert
Shankland, were destroyed to make way for the Greenvale Reservoir. Others such as Fairview,
owned by John Bond and once located opposite Glen Arthur, have made way for new residential
developments. It seems that the only other weatherboard farmhouse left from this era is the
former Springfield, which is located on what is now called French Road but is altered almost
beyond recognition. Ballater Park is unique in the area in that its farmhouse is still
substantially unaltered from the original, and the land surrounding it is little changed in its parklike
quality, with gum trees dotting the gently undulating landscape.
It is recommended that Ballater Park homestead and outbuildings be included in the
Heritage Overlay of the Hume Planning Scheme. It is further recommended that the Council
consider the whole property for Significant Landscape Overlay controls.


SHANKLAND.On the 8th March, at private hospital, Melbourne, Jessie Catherine, the dearly beloved eldest daughter of William and Jessie Shankland, of "Brook Hill," Greenvale, aged 20 years.
I think Brook Hill was purchased from the grantee by William Shankland's father,Robert Shankland of Waltham.
The Shankland Wetlands are near the southern boundary of Brook Hill.


CHANDOS PARK.(Eastern 123 acres of section 15 Tullamarine. Bounded by Wright St and Mickleham Rd from roughly Bamford Avenue to the Moonee Ponds Creek. Melway 5 H6.)

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold, on account of Mr. C. A. Topp, his property at Broadmeadows, known as "Chandos," containing 125 acres, with homestead and improvements thereon, to Mr. John Cocks (sic).
(P.22, Argus, 12-3-1910.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 10 January 1942 p 2 Family Notices

.... JUDD-WEBB.-Lorna Clara Webb, only daughter of the late Mr. William Webb and Mrs. Ethel Cohen, of Carlton, to Colin Wilton, eldest son of Percy and Ruby Judd, of Chandos Park.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 24 August 1954 p 10 Article
... Mrs. Bill Bamford, of Chandos Park, Broad- meadows; their son, John.

There may have been a family connection between the Judd and Bamford families.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 April 1944 p 6 Family Notices
... T. E. Rodwell, only son of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Rodwell, 94 Milton street, Elwood. JUDD - BAMFORD. - Merle, youngest daughter of Mrs. and the late Mr..C. S. Judd, 'of Charman road, Cheltenham, to Pte. Jack Bamford (A.I.F.), third son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Bamford, Stewart avenue, Parkdale.
Another connection is the W.Bamford and A.Judd were both members of the Oaklands Hunt.

On my visit to Jack Simmie at Harpsdale in the 1990's, Jack told me of "Belmont" which I think his son owned at the time. I knew that Belmont had to be in the parish of Yuroke, not Bulla as Harpsdale was. I have stated elsewhere that Crowe's Hill consisted of crown allotments C and D of section 20,Yuroke,and it probably originally did contain all of John Crowe's grants,but by 1880, the western 160 acres of C and D had been sold as a separate farm which became known as Belmont.

Between Broadmeadows and Mickleham, PART of ALLOTMENTS C and D, Section 20, Containing I88a. 3r 6.5p ,
Parish of Yuroke, County of Bourke,Known as Crowe's Hill Farm,
By Order of the Mortgagee For Positive and Absolute sale, ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from the mortgagee to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the room, 32 Collins street west, on Monday, August 9, at twelve
o'clock, All that FREEHOLD FARMING PROPERTY, Known as CROWE'S HILL FARM, Containingl88 acres 3 roods 6.5 perches. Together with All improvements thereon erected.This is a very choice farming property. It was formerly known as Crowe's Hill Farm, and is situate on the old Sydney road, between Broadmeadows and Mickleham.

*It adjoins Messrs. Edwards and Glover's and Mr Johnson's, and is separated from tho 4000 acres belonging to David Brodie, Esq. , by 160 acres. It is not far from tho residence and extensive landed property of Geo Edols, Esq., and is immediately opposite Mr.O.Halloran's paddocks, rented by C. B. Fisher,Esq.

The soil is of the best black agricultural description.It is divided into paddocks, grazing, cultivation (about
80 acres), and a timbered portion. The road to it from town is through tho pretty districts of Essendon and Broadmeadows, about eight from the latter township, macadamised road all the way to the entrance gate. The hill commands one of the most perfect circular picturesque landscapes to be found in all Victoria.The whole is fit for a gentleman s country seat, combining farming, grazing, and choice stock breeding, a charming estate, only l8 miles from the city. (P.2, Argus, 27-7-1880.)

(* Edwards and Glover may have had Montebello at the south west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds; John Johnson (usually written as Johnston or Johnstone even on the Broadmeadows Township map,hence Johnstone St) had Greenhills on the north west corner; Edols had "Dunhelen"; Brodie owned Harpsdale and land to the north in the parish of Mickleham; Halloran had earlier owned Dunalister* in Oaklands Rd but this would have been part of the Glenara Estate by 1880 and he had probably bought Oaklands (parish of Bulla) and the neighbouring Yuroke crown allotment to the east from the grantees,Williamson and Thomas McVea. )

It is possible that a big black crow (flapping his wings, saying go, go, go)settled on the 188 acre farm and led people to believe that the farm was named after him rather than John Crowe. It is also possible that Thomas Crinnion (see my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal) bought Crowe's Hill in 1880,because the family was on the farm soon after. When I did a trove search for CRINNION,CROWE'S HILL there was no result but then I thought of the above-mentioned big black crow!

CAMPBELL and SONS are instructed by Miss E. R. Crinnion to SELL by AUCTION, at Kirk's Bazaar, on Monday, October l8, at twelve o'clock, Her Well-known CROW'S HILL FARM, Mickleham,Comprising; 192 acres, more or less rich agricultural and grazing land, situate 17 miles from Melbourne and 8 miles from Craigieburn railway station. (P.2,Argus, 13-10-1915.)


William Hudson and Co. sold 100 (fat lambs)for Mr A Nash, Dunhelen Broadmeadows. (P.10,Argus,30-3-1892.)

CAMERON. -On the 30th July at her residence " Dunhelen " Broadmeadows, Isabella, the dearly beloved wife of Ewen Cameron, and loving mother of Margaret and Hughena.(P.11, Argus,31-7-1915.)
I'm sure the grave of Ewan's family is in the Will Will Rook cemetery not far from the road frontage.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 8 July 1901 p 1 Family Notices
... daughter. PIGDON. -On the 20th June, at "Dunhelen," Broadmeadows the wife of J. C. Pigdon-a daughter.

GLADSTONE PARK. (See Stewarton.)


Glen Allan became the property of John Kerr Junior, according to BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. See the comment of 2014-03-10 09:56:42 re the Broadmeadows Shire elections in 1891.

TWOMEY - On the 20th August, at his residence "Glen Allan", Broadmeadows, John Twomey,JP,in his 56th year.
R.I.P. (P.1, Argus,22-8-1919.)

Stud records lost in fire.
The stud records of 26 pedigree horses were burnt by a fire that destroyed three rooms of Glen Allan stud farm, at Broadmeadows, early yesterday morning. Mr. Arthur Robert Parkinson, manager of the farm, said he was awakened by the crackling of flames that were leaping through his bedroom window, just after 3 a.m. He woke his staff, but it was too late to save the office records. The office and three spare rooms were burnt before Coburg and Brunswick fire brigades subdued the fire. (P.21, Argus, 4-5-1950.)

GLENROY STATION. (Pasture Hill+Bayview Farm+Glenroy Farm.)

BEATYCAMERON.On the 28th inst., at the residence of the bride's mother, 317 Elizabeth-street north, by the Rev. Robert Hamilton, of Fitzroy, William Shaw Beaty, second son of William Beaty, Esq.,Becks, Langholm, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, to Jane Anne, only daughter of the late George Gordon Cameron, Esq., of Glenroy, Broadmeadows. Dumfries and Inverness papers please copy.(P.4,Argus,28-3-1872.)


McKERCHAR.-On the 31st March, 1914, at her residence, Greenvale, Broadmeadows, Catherine McNab, relict of John McKerchar, aged 85 years. (P.1,Argus, 2-4-1914.)


CUTHBERT. On the 21st November, at private hospital, Sunshine, John, dearly loved brother of Mrs. Bond (Sunshine), Charles (deceased), Mrs. Papworth (Sydney), aged 73 years, late of Broadmeadows. (Interred privately.) (P.17,Argus, 29-11-1924.)

KERRSLAND. (Pasture Hill and Bayview Farm.)

OAKFIELD.(Crown Allotment 5(i)Yuroke of 323 acres 3 roods; eastern corner of Pascoe Vale and Somerton Rds with respective road frontages of 820 and 1580 metres. Oakfield's acreage was reduced,probably when the railway line was built through the property.The reservoir's 51 acres were between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line.)
Watt.-On the 8th Inst, at Oakfield, Campbellfield, Mr. John Watt, aged 69 years.(P.1, Argus,9-6-1880.)

WATT.On the 13th September, at her residence, "Oakfield," Bridge-road, Coburg, Anne*, relict of the late John Watt, of Oakfield, Campbellfield, aged 82 years; beloved mother of Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Morrison, James, George, and William.(P.13, Argus,14-9-1912.)

(*A google search for WATT FAMILY, CAMPBELLFIELD produced many results including the fact that Ann's maiden name was MORICE.)It would be interesting to find Matilda's maiden name.

Ann was the widow of John Watt, the grantee of Oakfield, who died in 1880, and it is interesting to note that no John is listed as a son. The bell-ringer was probably the grantee's nephew and the son of William Watt who died at Campbellfield in 1860 aged only 53; William's death notice reveals the Watt family's native place.(On the 23rd inst., at Campbellfield, Mr. William Watt, formerly of Newton, near Ballater, Aberdeenshire, aged 53. Aberdeen papers please copy.P.4, Argus, 28-6-1860.)

The death occurred on Tuesday at Campbellfield of Mrs. Matilda Watt,widow of the late John Watt. She was born in Broadmeadows Shire 93 years ago and had lived in the Campbellfield district all her life. Her descendants comprise 11 children, 27 grandchildren, 50 great-grandchildren, and 51 great-great-grandchildren. The funeral will take place today in the Will Will Rook Cemetery, Campbellfield. (P.3, Argus,12-11-1942.)

Matilda was no longer on Oakfield, (she, or perhaps Ann) having sold the farm to John Kernan of Avonmore at Somerton, according to what seems to be an extract from John Kernan's will.
1. All that piece of land containing 156 acres part of section 5 Portion 1 Parish of Yuroke. The improvements consist of a brick cottage containing 6 rooms, weatherboard kitchen and dairy, 4 stall stable, 4
stall combail - fencing post and wire and stonewall. (This is Oakfield scribble next to it). 'Oakfield property bought from a Mrs. Watts to his son Edward Kernan. (; one of the articles on the Craigieburn Historical Interest Group's website.

CAMPBELLFIELD CHURCH. 90th Anniversary Services.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 13 June 1932 p 8 Article.(Extract only.)
There was a large attendance of past and present parishioners at both services. Mr John Watt, who has been associated with the church for 80 years, tolled the bell. He has performed this duty for the last 40 years.

The Bell-ringer,husband of Matilda (above)was probably the NEPHEW of the grantee of Oakfield, and died the next year at his residence in Bright St,Campbellfield. (P.13,Argus,8-7-1933.) Matilda probably lived on in the same house as her funeral departed from Bright St. Two of their daughters married Peachey boys who would have lived at John Pascoe Fawkner's Box Forest (renamed Hadfield after Cr Rupert Hadfield who was on the Broadmeadows Council in 1928 when the new shire hall was built near the Broadmeadows Station.) Flo married Stephen Peachey and they moved to a 6 acre dairy farm at Tullamarine (now Boyse Court) circa 1920 after swine fever had struck at Peachey-Kelly Town (as Pascoe Vale kids such as Jim McKenzie called the Hadfield area in the 1930's.)

Not all parish maps are originals, and I've seen one of the Yuroke maps,probably the one I donated to the Hume Library (Global Learning Centre) with a reservoir shown on Oakfield. Original Melway maps (pre the opening of the Greenvale Reservoir,which made the Somerton Reservoir redundant) may also show it. The reservoir was surrounded by embankments to contain the water. The reservoir had been proposed by 1915 when A.G.Shaw wrote his letter (P.6, Argus,12-4-1915), but the project would have been delayed by World War 1.

New Reservoir at Somerton.
The Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works has bought an area of 51.5 acres of land at Somerton for the construction of a new service reservoir. The price of the land was L85 an acre. The whole of the area will not be required for the reservoir, which is needed for supplying water to the rapidly developing areas in the north and west of Melbourne. (P.14, Argus, 22-6-1927.)

HOCTOR. -On the 29th June, 1933, at her residence Rocklaw, Broadmeadows East, Margaret, dearly beloved wife of the late Michael Hoctor, dearly beloved mother of Bridget-(Mrs Mahoney), Mary Ann (Mrs O'Sullivan) Eliza (Mrs May )John, Maggie (Mrs Beahan) James (Boinka) Peter and Michael, loved sister of Daniel Corcoran,
aged 88 years and 3 months. Native of Brunswick. May her soul rest in peace. (P.1,Argus,30-6-1933.)

There is no guarantee that the advertisement below is for Rocklaw but it does conform with the vague understanding I was able gain of Rocklaw's location during my lengthy discussions with the late Jack Hoctor, Michael Hoctor's nephew.

Situated 1 Mile from Broadmendows Railway Station.
\\T, S KEAST, slock and station agent ilcllV bourne lias received instructions from the *'executors of the late Mrs Johanna Darmody,Broadmeadows, to sell by public auction
Containing on or about 300* acres, situated about 1 mile from the Broadmeadows railway station 1.5 miles from the Somerton railway station and within 11 miles of the Melbourne post office.
The farm consists chiefly of volcanic land rich in pasture, without crops of stony rises. About 100 acres have been cultivated and there is at present a magnificent crop on this portion of the land. The proportv has been used for many years as a dairy farm to which it is particularly suited owing to its nearness to the Broadmeadows railway station which makes it easy for the working of the property. There is a good deal of redgum timber on the property and any amount of (fire?)wood for the property for very many years. Owing
to the death of Mrs Darmody the property is for absolute sale. (P.4, Argus,25-10-1919.)

(*293 acres according to another advertisement (P.2, Argus,12-11-1919.)

The above is not Rocklaw unless it was later combined with part of another farm in John Kerr Senior's Wheatlands Estate which will be detailed in COMMENTS. In 1886, Rocklaw consisted of just over 192 acres.

ROCKLAW.-192 a. 0 r. 10 p., occupied by Mr. Jas.Darmody. (P.8,Argus,22-4-1886.)

James Darmody obviously bought Rocklaw and in 1901 had a clearing sale, having sold the farm,probably to Michael Hoctor. (The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 19 January 1901 p 53 Advertising CLEARING SALE, On Account of Mr. James Darmody, Rocklaw Farm, BROADMEADOWS. ADAMSON, STRETTLE, and Co. are instructed by Mr. James Darmody (owing to the sale of the farm) to SELL by AUCTION,etc.)

Joanna Darmody was the wife of Matthew Darmody,not of James,making it unlikely that the 293 acre farm put up for sale in 1919 was,or included, Rocklaw. James Darmody's wife was probably Catherine.

DARMODY -On the 23rd June, at Coonara Hospital, St. Kilda, Johanna, relict of the late Matthew Darmody, of Broadmeadows, loving mother of Mrs B Darmody, John, Mrs A. Cassin, Mrs. E. McDonald, James, William, and Mrs
A. Forbes aged 84 years. (Interred privately on the 25th June at Keilor Cemetery.) R.I.P.

It is still possible that the farm sold in 1919 was Rocklaw and that two of the WHEATLANDS ESTATE FARMS (see COMMENTS) had been combined. In 1952, Rocklaw seemed to be a whole crown allotment again; the Wheatlands Estate farms being half crown allotments.

This Outstanding Farm Situate Just North of the Broadmeadows Electric Railway Station of Sound Volcanic Nature Admirably Suitable City Milk, Sheep, Fat Lamb Raising and Cultivation. Bounded by Creek Having Rich Flats and
Banks. Wonderful Opportunity for Graziers or Dealers to Obtain Such a Sound Property so Handy to Newmarket.
Further Details A E GIBSON A. CO 140 Queen street Melbourne. (P.19,Argus, 23-8-1952.)

POSTSCRIPT. It would seem that the Hoctors either did not buy Rocklaw or by 1934,they had sold/mortgaged the farm and had been leasing it from the new owners/ mortgagees. I apologise for the uncorrected text; I could not get the digitisation and the advertisement at the same time,the latter being on at least page 4.The part at the end is interesting and would seem to indicate that the Hoctor Bros. had land in the shire of Bulla. The Underwoods had Warlaby (section 11) according to a Hume heritage study and the Gilligans were on section 4 Bulla Bulla,so the Hoctor land must have been part of a subdivision of section 8 (part of Peter Young's old property,"Nairn"), roughly Melway 384 F-J 12 north to the end of St John's Rd.It will be nice to find how many acres they owned.

At Twelve O Clock Sharp
306 Bourke street Melbourne have received In
structlons from Messrs Hoctor Bros (who are re
Unquishing dairying and farming owing to the ex
plratlon of lease
) to SELL on the propcrt
ROCKLAW Broadmeadows East the whole of then
comprising -
185 HEAD 185
Consisting of -
100 cows 1st 2nd and 3rd calf and % great
many freshly calved
57 forward and backward springers 1st 2nd
and 3rd calf
20 heifers l8 20 months bred from the pick
of the cows and running with Shorthorn
4 heifers 2'3 years old springing
2 Shorthorn bulls sears old
1 Ayrshire bull 2 year* old
6 draught horses good workers 1 spring carl
mare 1 hack
Also Complete PLANT as follows -Massc>
Harris binder 6ft Mccormack drill 13 hoe
Mccormack mower Cft 3 fur disc plough
(cockshutU 2 fur mouldboard plough 3 sets
1 leaf harrows 1 heavy 1 light harrow cart
International roller 10ft roller 8ft set 4
horse blocks and chains set 3 horse swings
and bars set 4 horse swings 2 farm drajs
and frames tip draj sprlngcart stack cover
24ft by 48ft 20ft ladder 14ft ladder spring
tooth culti\ator Massey hay rake Furph
water cart (new) 2 Blackstone oil engines
8 h p and 4 h p 3 knife chaffcutter and
belting Robinson and Co portable forge aud
amil blacksmiths tools and vice knife
grinder and grindstone wheelbarrows set
steelyards milk waggon pole and shafts
rubber t>red phaeton King carrier Jinker
long shaft brake 8 forks picks shovels mat
tocks scythes and sard brooms dray ropes
feed bins 1 sets dray saddles and breeching
2 sets leading harness and spiders 10 ECU
plough chains 2 sets sprlngcart harness 8
draught horse collars names and winkers
riding saddle and bridle several lots of reins
and odd harness 1 pair double horse reins
(new) Donald wire strainer pig net quan
lily wire netting 2 milk coolers and vats com
plctc 1 large bulking plant 100 gallons
Lacta separator 45 gallons buckets strainers
50 milk cans 40 and 60 quarts In perfect
order 3 cream vans low down pump and
piping cast Iron copper and stand 2 mcasm
ing cans veterinary pump mens room foi
removal 8ft by 16ft 5 2000 gallon water
tanks covers and taps complete gah Iron
400 gallon tank and tap 200 gallon tank
gah Iron and tap complete 3000 gallon
windmill tank and wooden stand complete for
rcmovol surplus furniture and 10 pair
of turkejs and many sundries
Tor manj years Messrs Hoctor Bros have been
busing the best heifers obtainable and ha\e alwa s
culled heavilj anything not up to the standard
being sold out of the herd The whole of the
plant and Implements arc In splendid order and
as everything is for absolute sale buyers arc re
commended to attend this important CLEARING
Also Account of the Estate of the Late Mrs M
Hoctoi At One O Clock Sharp
05 ACRES situated at Oaklands Junction ad
Joining the properties of Messrs E A Under
wood and Gilligan Bros
well fenced and
watered by dam This Is a splendid grail np
und fattening paddock and is all cultivable
Title certificate may be Inspected at office of
Messrs Rodda Ballard and Vroland solicitors
430 Little Collins street Melbourne (P.2!!!!,Argus, 17-2-1934.)

SOUTHWAITE. See ST JOHN'S. Crown allotments B and D of Section 22,parish of Doutta Galla,containing just over 100 acres but always assessed as 100 acres by Broadmeadows Shire. Roughly Melway 16 B4-5. The boundaries of this triangular farm can be shown by extending the line of Sharps Rd/Caterpillar Drive east to the Moonee Ponds Creek,joining Wirraway Rd to the Matthews Ave/Mascoma Ave roundabout to show the course of Bulla Rd and extending the Elysee Court/Vickers Avenue midline south to meet the reconstructed Bulla Rd.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 May 1880 p 1 Family Notices
... HALL. -On the 17th, at her residence, Southwaite, near Essendon, the wife of John Hall of a son. Both doing well.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 18 November 1910 p 1 Family Notices
... MEMORIAM. HOWSE.-In loving memory of our dear mother Ellen Howse who died on the 18th November, 1900 at "Southwaite " Tullamarine.

ST. JOHN'S. Part Section 23, Doutta Galla, Melway 16 C 4-7, D 6-7, plus most of Strathnaver Ave.
Section 23 was granted to Major St John, a corrupt crown lands official exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner. It was later owned by Sir John Franklin who leased the land to such as John Mawbey and Thomas Dunn. The eastern boundary of Stephenson's/Taylor's part (determined from sketches of title)is most unusual, consisting of two diagonal lines meeting at the M in LAMART ST.

Gordon Connor told me why St Johns was so green at the height of summer, see the comment (of 18-1-2014) re fertiliser used on some Broadmeadows Shire farms. Henry Stevenson of Niddrie (bounded roughly by Nomad Rd/Treadwell St, Keilor Rd, Bowes Avenue and Fraser St)occupied St Johns circa 1880 when Robert McDougall (of Arundel north of Keilor Village) occupied the roughly 200 acres to the east that is now Strathmore North. That is why Harry Peck described them as neighbours in his MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN when discussing these advocates of the Baines and Booth (respectively)strains of shorthorn cattle and their frosty relationship.

It would have been not long before 1920 that Gordon Connor noticed how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were when all the pasture in the area had become brown. Shortly after, a flying club bought part of the property to establish "St John's Field". After investigating other sites, the government bought St John's Field to establish the original (north west) part of Essendon Aerodrome circa 1921. I had imagined the Taylors had moved away at that time,but they didn't, so their homestead must have been north or west of the original aerodrome site,probably near Boeing Rd, the land west of Vickers Avenue being Jack Howse's "Southwaite" where he ran a slaughteryard (George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952.) John Hall had established "Southwaite" much earlier.

TAYLOR.On June 23, at her residence, St. John's, Bulla road. North Essendon, Bertha May, dearly beloved wife of Andrew Cameron Taylor, dear mother of Ronald, Richard (Jock), and Ernest (R.A.A.F), loving sister of Ethel. -Rest after weariness.(Private interment.)

TAYLOR.On June 23, at Bulla road,North Essendon, Bertha May, beloved daughter of the late Richard and Ellen Davis,of Sunbury, devoted sister of Ethel.Peacefully sleeping.

TAYLOR.On June 23, at her home, St.Johns, North Essendon. A tribute of affection to our beloved mother, Bertha May Taylor from Ernest and Georgina.

TAYLOR.In loving memory of our dear mother. Bertha May, who passed away at St. John's, North Essendon, on June 23. (From Jack and Letty.) (P.2, Argus, 25-6-1945.)

SPRINGBURN. 198 acres, part section 6, Tullamarine. Melway 5 H-J 8-9 roughly. The largest and central part of the roughly 450 acre Chandos kept by John Cock of Gladstone Park when he bought that farm from the Peter family in the early 1900's and subdivided it, Strathconan of 140 acres extending south to Freight Rd properties,where it adjoined the Junction Estate (Andlon and Londrew Courts and the Northedge complex)and Chandos Park of 123 acres being between Springburn and the Moonee Ponds Creek. Chandos Park was mainly associated with Percy Judd and William Bamford after whom Bamford Avenue was named.

LOCKHART.-On November 28 (suddenly),at Springburn, Broadmeadows, William,dearly loved husband of Emma, and loving father of Dora, Keith, Eunice, Frank, and Hazel, aged 70 years.
LOCKHART.-On November 28, at Springburn, Broadmeadows, William, devoted father of Frank, father-in-law of Kathleen, and dear grandpa of Peter, John, and David.(P.2, Argus, 30-11-1942.)

STEWARTON/GLADSTONE.(Section 5, Tullamarine, 785/777 acres.) See VIEWPOINT.
This fronted the east side of Broadmeadows(Mickleham)Road from the Lackenheath Drive corner to Forman St with the Moonee Ponds Creek being the western and part of the northern boundary. Land between the freeway and Mickleham Rd was called Gladstone Gardens.

Peter McCracken leased Stewarton from Niel Black from 1846 to 1955 (McCracken letters.) Peter's young son drowned in the creek (most likely near the end of Pascoe St) after walking with his older siblings part of the way to school in Broadmeadows Township. By the way, Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the creek,not the future suburb. Just as well I knew to enter Peter Young,Peter McCracken to find the following.

THE FARMERS' SOCIETY. .... The chair was most ably filled by Peter Young, Esq. of Nairn, who presided in the absence of Peter McCracken, Esq. of Stewarton, who was prevented from attending by a severe domestic
calamity, recently recorded in our columns. (P.4,Argus,28-10-1852.)
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 20 October 1852 p 4 Family Notices
DIED, Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant, William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 12 October 1850 p 3 Advertising
PETER M'CRACKEN. Stewarton, Moonee Ponds, 1 REWARD.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 22 May 1851 p 2 Family Notices
... BIRTH. At Stewarton, near Broadmeadows, on Thursday last, the lady of Peter M'Cracken, Esq., of a son. ..

D CAMPBELL and CO. have received instructions from Mr. P. M'Cracken, in consequence of his leaving the farm, to sell by auction, at Stewarton, near Broadmeadows, on Friday, 23rd inst.,at eleven o'clock, a.m ,
Three stacks oaten hay, about 150 tons, one stack oaten straw, two stacks wheat straw, three teams working bullocks, ten milch cows, one bull. Also,A quantity of farming implements, dairy utensils.
N.B. Lunch Provided. (P.3, Argus, 19-3-1855.)

The first ratebook (1863) saw J.Maconochie assessed. He'd probably moved in when Peter McCracken left.

TENDERS WANTED, for CONSTRUCTING a DAM on tho Stewarton Estate, Broadmeadows. Plans and specifications may be seen with E M Ivor, surveyor at Brunswick, until tho 8th inst, and at Shire hall Broadmeadows from 8th to 14th inst. (P.3, Argus, 4-3-1878.)

COCKTYRES. On the 11th April, 1917, at the residence of the bride's brother, Swan street,Richmond, by the Rev. J. Thomas, Alister Arthur, youngest son of the late John Cock, of "Gladstone Park," Broadmeadows, to Agnes, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. I. Tyres, Numurkah.(P.1, Argus,20-4-1917.)

On the 15th inst., at her brother's residence, Stewarton, Broadmeadows, Margaret, daughter of the late
Alexander McConochie, farmer, Buteshire, Scotland, aged 30 years. (P.5, Argus,16-9-1858.)


VIEWPOINT. (Crown allotments 4 (1)97 acres and 4 (2) 225 acres,parish of Tullamarine; Melway 5 K12, between Tangmere Ave and Lackenheath Dr.corners and east to Moonee Ponds Creek.)
This property was between Stewarton and Camp Hill. Its owner was Edmund Dunn, who took a stand against the Melbourne Hunt Club as outlined in my journal OH THE FARMERS AND THE HUNTERS SHOULD BE FRIENDS. The first article that I saw about the case did not mention how many acres Edmund was occupying. The following extract from another article shows that he was probably occupying one of the adjoining properties.

Edmund Dunn, who stated,-I am a farmer at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows. I own and occupy about 1,100 acres of land. I devote part of it to agricultural and part to grazing purposes. I
have about seventy acres of wheat, and about 130 acres of oats under crop. At the time of the injury they were in full growth, with every prospect of a good crop. (P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)

Viewpoint consisted of 322 acres according to the parish map. The rest of the land was likely Stewarton(785 acres on the parish map but 777 acres in ratebooks.) 322+777 =1099 was probably Edmund's calculation.

John Cock started leasing Viewpoint in about 1898 about five years after he moved onto Stewarton and a few years later split the lease with OLD Tom Bennett. John Mansfield later bought the southern half and named it Grandview.

Viewed: 3661 times
by itellya Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2013-11-29 04:07:43

Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.

Do you know someone who can help? Share this:


by itellya on 2013-12-03 08:35:39

I made my fateful decision to write a history of Tullamarine for family historians in August 1988. It was caused by a Broadmeadows Council election and the kindness of the Rates Officer, Geoff Woods, who gave me a map that led me to discover the one and a half foolscap pages of Tullamarine history that then existed. While researching rates for my family historian brother, Ken, I had discovered so many pioneers who did not rate a mention in Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. Gordon Henwood and John Fenton provided the vital breakthrough I needed to supplement my rate transcriptions.

I knew soon after that the history already provided could enable me to publish a book but that was not my objective because what I already knew would fill thousands of pages. A book so big would cost over a hundred dollars (big money in those days) thus limiting the availability of my information. I decided to confine myself to researching and writing.

On the availability front, I provided my material to Jenny Shugg (Gladstone Park High School), Bev. Brocchi (Niddrie Library), Rosemary Davison (Tullamarine Library), the Latrobe Library, Jim Hume of the Broady Historical Society, and the Essendon and Keilor Historical Societies. My 2500 page handwritten DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND was given to John Shorten of The Friends of Horseshoe Bend Park when I was about to move to Rosebud and he has digitised every page.

Much of my information came from family historians referred to me by Jim Hume when they sought help. Judy Sloggett, descendants of Captain Kenny of Camp Hill, John Johnson (of Yuroke and Glendewar/Cumberland, after whom I presume Johnstone St was named), Nanette Stewart and Bev. Patullo were just a few.

Due to Scott's wonderful FAMILY TREE CIRCLES, I have been able to publish my information to the whole world and be contacted by such as John Daniels (Broady Historical Society researcher just before I became involved with that group) and Bev. Patullo. I am still in touch with historical groups and have been impressed by the material published by the Craigieburn Historical Interest Group. I sent them an email some months ago and, blow me down, received a reply from Yvonne Kernan. John Daniels had asked me if I had her contact details, and I had been trying to find them!
I sent Yvonne a copy of the CAMERONS OF GLENROY journal and received some interesting information in reply.
Yvonne, I'm still not 100% sure that Donald and John Cameron of Stony Field/ Ruthvenfield/ Roxburgh Park were related to the Camerons of Glenroy but it is increasingly likely. Imagine my surprise in finding out that the Glenroy Camerons were not only Catholics but were related to a saint.

Hello xxx
So lovely to hear from you. We often refer to you in CHIG gatherings.

What a great discovery. I am as excited as you. I have a special interest in Mary Mc Killop, not just as a Catholic who admires the gutsy woman who stood up to the bombastic bishops but because my grandmothers young sister joined the Brown Joeys, as Mary Mc Killlops congregation was known.
Not sure how I found out but Mary Mc Killop is meant to have visited my grandmothers farm in Somerton Rd after travelling from St Josephs Broadmeadows. Who knows but I have always been curious.

I am a member of the Friends of Will Will Rook Cemetery group & the Babies Home often comes up in discussion-many babies buried at WWRook. We are in the process of having an information board made for the cemetery, which will list some of the local pioneers buried there. Beryl Patullo is secretary of the cemetery group-she has good info on the Patullos. One of the few headstones still standing is David Patullos.
As my family lived on a farm in Somerton (now site of Visy factory) we were quite familiar with the Broadie area. We went for some time to Mass at St Josephs in the nuns chapel. As a young child I found the old buildings fascinating & of course the poor little children & babies we saw, were of interest too.

I am very excited by the link between Mary & the Camerons, which I should have picked up also as I have read & heard many stories about Mary McKillop. Her stay with relatives in South Australia is well known. Good for you xxx, it makes the story of Roxburgh Park much more colourful.

Have you seen Chris Laskowskis new book Steeles Creek & the Lady of the Lake? I have a copy but havent read it yet-launch was only few weeks ago.
The second book on Grand Mansions of Essendon was also launched last week-its lovely. Sadly so many of the magnificent homes have now been demolished.

I am pleased to say Hume council is finally allocating CHIG some space in a new complex they are building close to Mt Ridley-bit out of the way but it is at least a place where we can catalogue & store our records.

Thanks again xxx for sharing your latest discovery-much appreciated.

When my material was transferred from the Tullamarine Library to the Age Libary at the Hume Global Learning Centre, it was not listed in their resources and I feared that it had been circular-filed but Arun Chandu and the authors of the archeological assessment of Fairview (Nash) and Sunnyside (Wallis Wright, Heaps) have shown that it is very much available.

The assessment:
rchaeology t TARDIS - Hume City Council

Sometimes I feel so weary that the task in front of me is overwhelming. However, when I have professional historians using my material to preserve our heritage and support from wonderful people such as Yvonne, my enthusiasm is renewed.

Unfortunately the many maps in my work cannot be published in my journals but whole files about the history of the Broadmeadows district have been provided to Elayne Whatman of the Broadmeadows Historical Society, If you email Elayne to arrange a suitable time to visit the Broadmeadows Museum and supply an USB stick,you can have the results of over a third of my lifetime for a small donation to the society.
[email protected] is Elayne's email address.

by itellya on 2013-12-16 18:35:51

If you were a Broadmeadows (Township/area)resident why would you want to be buried at Bulla (like the Cargills and Corrigans) or Keilor (like the Hoctors)? Why not the Will Will Rook cemetery? Those who understand the history of Broadmeadows/Campbellfield, Bulla and Keilor will know the answer. The irony is that The Foundlings Home in John Kerr's Kerrsland changed the whole trend of burials at Will Will Rook. I'm not going to supply the answer.

by itellya on 2013-12-29 01:29:22

Information about BRODIE,MITCHELL DR.WESTON and HILL added to BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP PIONEERS. Exact locations of land advertised for sale by Mitchell and Hill will be given later. You can look them up, if you can't wait, by googling BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP,COUNTY OF BOURKE.

by itellya on 2013-12-29 06:15:54

Locations of advertised Hill and Mitchell land have been specified.

by itellya on 2014-01-02 06:24:15

Entries for George Langhorne (Broady Township), "Brook Hill","Belmont" and Crowe's Hill" have been added.

by itellya on 2014-01-03 09:11:46

The author of the website about the Morgans of the Cross Keys Hotel at Pascoe Vale told me how confused she was by the use of several different names to describe the same locality. Family historians suffering similar concerns about Melbourne's north west and the Mornington Peninsula should private message me so we can organise a chat. It is so easy to jump to the wrong conclusion about locations,as illustrated below.

Moonee Ponds did not mean the present suburb (as A.D.Pyke presumed in THE GOLD THE BLUE,a history of the Lowther Hall school and Grant Aldous presumed in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED, a history of the City of Essendon.) Pyke thought that Peter McCracken's Stewarton (most of Gladstone Park)was in the suburb and Aldous described John Cochrane's Glenroy Farm,Moonee Ponds as if it belonged to the Essendon municipality. William Barker (near Castlemaine) and Dryden (near Hanging Rock) were described as squatters in the WESTERNPORT DISTRICT! In fairly recent times,the ESSENDON drive-in was at TULLAMARINE!

The above thoughts were brought to mind when I found Jack Simmie's marriage notice. Harpsdale (Melway 385 E5) is at the northwest corner of the parish of Bulla Bulla and Belmont (Melway 385 F4 but not named)is part of John Crowe's grants in the parish of Yuroke. Brocklands,certainly in the parish of Yuroke, once called Springfield North (the southern part of the crown allotment being a separate farm owned by Wal French after whom French Rd was named)is now occupied by Aitken College and a brand new housing estate.

GAMBLE - SIMMIE. - Jean Elizabeth,younger daughter of Mrs. M. Gamble and the late Mr. D. Gamble, of Brocklands, Greenvale, to John Ernest, only son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Simmie, Harpsdale, Yuroke (sic.) (P.8, Argus,2-9-1947.)

P.S. Brocklands is named after John Brock an early squatter near Mt Macedon and pioneer of the Bundoora/ Janefield area,from whom the Gambles were descended. Jack Simmie madean enormous contribution to my understanding of the farms near Harpdale and showed me the Brodie crest set in tiles just inside the Harpsdale doorway. If I remember my reading of GREENVALE:LINKS FROM THE PAST (20 years ago)correctly, Jean and Jack met through the Greenvale Tennis Club.

by itellya on 2014-01-11 22:15:09

The 1856 road from Tullamarine Junction to Keilor (subject of today's journal) was a boon for the social life of Tullamarine residents. Tullamarine never had its own public hall, the old billiard room of the closed Beech Tree Hotel being used to send-off and welcome back (in not so many instances) the volunteers in World War 1; Jack Hoctor,born in the old coach house in Broad St (Westmeadows) described the lads' experience as being led like "lambs to the slaughter".

However there were dances at Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows, rostered so they wouldn't clash and there was a fairly regular excuse for the women and girls to dress up in their finery, with a reasonable road leading to each venue.

by itellya on 2014-01-12 09:51:50

In BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY,Andrew Lemon stated that after a lifetime of leasing land for his dairying pursuits, John Kerr Snr. bought the north part of the late Donald Kennedy's Glenroy Estate, on which he built Kerrsland,in 1874. So when I found that he was assessed on land in the parish of Yuroke,I naturally thought that he was leasing it. But he actually owned this land as well as some Will Will Rook land south of Brook Hill in today's Meadow Heights.

WHEATLANDS ESTATE. Near Broadmeadows (The Property of Mr. Jno. Kerr, Glenroy).
FARMS to be let by TENDER for seven years from the 1st February, 1887 :
NORTH SPRINGFIELD.-183a. 3r. 6p., occupied by Mr. Robert Trotman.
SOUTH SPRINGFIELD.- 181a. 3r. 12p., occupied by Mr. Wm. Shankland.
FAIRFIELD."-186a. Or. 25p., occupied by Mr.John Bond.
MOUNT PLEASANT.-185a. lr. 8p., occupied by Mr. John Bond.
BROOKHILL.-183a. 3r. 14p., occupied by Mr.M.Hoctor.
VALLEY FIELD.-177a. lr.8p., occupied by Mr.M. Hoctor.
PROSPECT.-I88a. lr. 2p., occupied by Mr. M. Hoctor.
ROCKLAW.-192 a. 0 r. 13 p., occupied by Mr. Jas.Darmody.

These farms comprise the very pick of the famous Broadmeadows district. The soil is not surpassed for agricultural or grazing purposes in Victoria,Fences are good, and each farm well and permanently watered In all seasons by the several branches of the
Moonee Ponds Creek. Broadmeadows and Somerton railway stations are near the estate ; Flemington Cattle-yards and the Haymarket from eight to ten miles away. The present tenants will point out the boundaries. (P.8,Argus,22-4-1886.)

If the farms were entire crown allotment, some locations will be detailed in a later comment. Mt. Pleasant, Valley Field and Prospect are new to me but the others are mentioned in the journal.

by itellya on 2014-01-19 22:39:30

The Patullo family was one of the pioneering families that ignored the perils mentioned in my poem recently posted in a comment under my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA:

Our historical Society has decreed the place for you to be;
Inside our society's designated boundary,
If you cross this border,we will,I fear
Just pretend you disappear.

The Keilor folk still joke or frown
About a family which went to Violet Town.
They returned with a different name used
So that town's bank manager wouldn't be confused.

So pioneer,be a mate;
Do not the boundary violate.
Or you'll miss out on your fame
Or come back with a different name!

David Patullo started as a humble shepherd in what was to become part of the shire of Broadmeadows and his rapid climb up the financial ladder might be explained by this poem.
David was an observant fellow;
The rock had just a trace of yellow.
His mates' excitement wasn't big
On the farm of Mr Rigg.

They laughed and joked at his expense
But David would have had more sense
And without telling authorities
Found it was not Iron Pyrites.

David had a large family and when the boys grew up, they left Craigbank at Bulla and sought their own abodes,some back in the shire of Broadmeadows and his eldest,who followed his poetic bent, settled near Rochester.William (brother or son?)was at Yannathan in Gippsland in 1883.

My journal THE PATULLO PIONEERS NEAR BULLA AND SOMERTON, VIC., AUST. contains David's 1888 biography from Victoria and Its Metropolis (including the inspiration for my poem above) and much Broadmeadows and Bulla Shire rates information.


by itellya on 2014-01-20 00:23:03


by itellya on 2014-01-20 02:13:07

See this comment on:;

by itellya on 2014-01-28 05:34:35


The land boom is extending northwards. A syndicate consisting of Messrs.G.W.V. Taylor, T. Bent, Howden and other well known land plungers, are in treaty for the purchase of any and every farm between Essendon, Bulla, and Broadmeadows. Over 40 farms have been secured at good prices.
(North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Saturday 21 April 1888 p 2 Article.)

N.B. A railway to Bulla,perhaps via Broadmeadows Township,was proposed but this or an alternative route nearer the river/Deep Creek were abandoned when the 1890's depression hit.Taylor had bought "Stewarton",the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park. The project was revived in about 1920 but once again abandoned by a depression.

At the Boroondara Council last night, on the reception of the report of the health inspector, Councillor Maling spoke very strongly against what he termed "the disgraceful practice" of the Melbourne Hospital authorities in sending the typhoid excreta from the hospital to Broadmeadows to be deposited on farms. By an inadvertence it had been reported that Boroondara shire had been similarly utilised,
but that imputation had been promptly denied by the president. Councillor Maling said it was shameful that, while a council such as Boroondara took every precaution to see that typhoid excreta was burnt, a large public institution like the Melbourne
Hospital should disseminate the abomination far and wide without rebuke.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 28 April 1896 p 6 Article.)

Despite other claims on the internet,John Pascoe Fawkner's "Box Forest" in the parish of Will Will Rook (west of the Fawkner Cemetery)was named after Cr Rupert Hadfield, who was a Broadmeadows Shire councillor by 1928 (plaque on building) when the new shire office was built on Glen Allan and still in 1946 as shown below.

Business at last. Broadmeadows Council meeting, presided over by Cr.R. S. Hadfield, J.P.,etc.....

Cr. ,Henshall reported having attended a conference to consider the matter of a green agricultural belt around the City of Melbourne. Braybrook, Keilor and Broadmeadows
Councils were represented. Keilor drew a line following certain streets to Bulla Road, adjoining the Tullamarine school. The Forests Department denied having received any plan from the Broadmeadows shire engineer (Mr.Walters).It was accordingly left to him to draw a line for Broadmeadows, and he made the line from Tullamarine school to Somerton station.
(Kilmore Free Press Thursday 21 November 1946 p 3 Article.)

N.B.1. Tullamarine State School 2613 operated on the present north corner of Link Rd and Melrose Drive from 1884 to 1960.The land was purchased for the jetport and the present Tullamarine school, started in "light timber construction buildings" (clad with bricks between 1971 and 1973) near the site of Tommy Loft's old corn store on "Dalkeith".
2.Bill Henshall represented the ward that included Old Broadmeadows (the township) and Tullamarine on the north east side of Bulla Rd. During his long tenure on the council he gave great support to the Tullamarine Progress Association, as recorded in the black-covered minute book that should be at the Home Global Learning Centre.
3. The area between Bulla Rd and Somerton later became part of the Shire of Bulla, leading to the Kenny St. farce. The northern boundary of Broadmeadows Township became the new shire boundary and while Broadmeadows wanted to seal Kenny St,Bulla didn't, with the result that only the southern half of the road was sealed.

by itellya on 2014-01-28 09:35:28

I decided to do a similar search for Bulla and OF COURSE found another article about Broady. A railway was the reason that Taylor and Co.were buying up farms,because their aim was subdivision. A railway through a property posed logistical problems and danger to genuine farmers, such as the original Lauricella at East Keilor after the Albion-Jacana line opened.

The personal experience of Peter McCracken (occupant of "Stewarton" from 1846-1851,who later leased two thirds of Kensington Park for a dairy farm before building his mansion on present 35-39,I think*,Ardmillan Rd)relates to Ardmillan at Moonee Ponds.

The irony, regarding Peter's involvement is that Peter was forced to sell Ardmillan because the government took so long to buy the failed private railway to Essendon which folded in 1864 after four years. He and Hugh Glass were principal shareholders in the failed company, one of Hugh's problems, along with the cost of his Flemington mansion,difficulties with sheep etc.,that led to his accidental overdose. Peter was telling a porky because Taylor (east of the line)and Puckle (west of the line) probably paid a good price, having subdivision in line. William Hudson,a one-time partner of John Murray Peck, bought the mansion and Hudson's paddock on which the Essendon Lacrosse St first played. Jennings, an early pioneer of Melbourne, bought the land near Jennings St. Peter's brother-in-law, James Robertson (son of Coiler Robertson of La Rose) who built Trinifour near the Park St gates, and the Glass family would have also seen their land increase in value because of the railway.

The North Eastern line was an extension of the original Essendon line and caused the loss of Broadmeadows Township's name, creation of small farms south of Somerton Rd (further subdivided when the Upfield line also passed through John Watt's old Oakfield Farm)and the cutting off of the original link between the second road to Sydney (Pascoe Vale Rd to Somerton Rd, rather than the former hilly detour through Broadmeadows Township) and the new (1850) road to Sydney, namely Cliffords Rd.
*I stupidly gave away the last copy of my history of Ardmillan Rd but I'm reasonably sure.
Following Peter's move to Ardmillan, Samuel and W.S.Cox leased the old dairy establishing the Kensington Park Racecourse which operated till 1882 when the estate was subdivided and W.S.Cox started the Moonee Valley course on Feehan's Farm.

I realise that much of the above is not directly relevant to the shire of Broadmeadows but the original Essendon line was the basis of the line discussed in the following and some might find it interesting that McCracken St in Kensington and Ardmillan Rd in Moonee Ponds are connected to probably one of the first farmers (as opposed to pastoralists)in the future shire of Broadmeadows. Peter grew hay. Peter's son drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek not long after the Township of Broadmeadows was gazetted. A "McCracken, Young" search should find the year.

The proceedings in arbitration in reference to the claim for compensation set up by the trustees of tho late Hon. Donald Kennedy,M.L.C., on account of certain lands compulsorily taken from the estate of the deceased by the Board of Land and Works, for the purposes of the north-eastern line of railway, were continued yesterday. It will be remembered that this case was initiated on Wednesday last, the point at issue being that the trustees claimed 2,78210s. as compensation,&C to the Glenroy estate, and 697 15s. as compensation to the Ruthven estate*, both being included in the trust property before mentioned, and comprised in several farms which hitherto fronted the old Sydney-road about eight miles from Melbourne, but which frontage is now taken from them by the new railway line. The particulars of the case, and a portion of the evidence offered on behalf of the claimants, appeared in our issue of
Thursday last....

Peter M'Cracken, sworn, and examined by Mr. Lawes.-Had been a farmer, and was now an estate and property agent. Had known this property for 30 years past, and examined it in June last. Valued the land taken from the Glenroy property for railway purposes at 10 per acre, with 60 per cent,added for compulsory taking. Valued tho whole Glenroy property at 10 per acre. Estimatd the depreciation of the value of Cochrane's farm at 2 per acre, that in Stranks' lal ni at 25s. per acre, and that of Lonie, in the same estate, at 10s. per acre. Valued the Ruthven* property all round nt 8 per acie, and to the value of the area requi! ed for the railway would add 4 per acre lor ccmmilsory taking. Tho property* was depieciattd by 1/10s. an acre by the railway.

The depreciation of both estates was caused mainly by the loss of frontage, and difficulty and danger attendant upon their " accommodation crossings," as the private crossings were called. The railway also prevented the subdivision of the property, which would be a profitable thing to do. Had had property interfered with in the same way as this was,etc....

Regarded the present value of Lonie's farm in the Glenroy estate as higher than that of Cochrane's farm, though the latter was nearer Melbourne**, because of the convenience of access. Gave his opinion entirely independently, having consulted
with no one.

*A map of the Kennedy Estate is shown on page 78 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. Ruthven, the Cameron grant north of today's Camp Rd was roughly between Kitchener St and Phillip St with Merlynston Creek just inside its eastern boundary.It is likely that Donald Kennedy and the Camerons were co-grantees of section 6 Will Will Rook and partitioned it with Kennedy getting the land between Camp Rd and Kitchener St, the owner of this land is shown on the parish map and Andrew Lemon's map as Alexander Gibb but on page 79, Andrew states that Donald had sold the land to Gibb "some years before" (the subdivisional sale of 1-12-1874.) So it is unclear whether the Kennedy estate still owned the area south of Kitchener St in 1871.
** In 1874, John Cochrane was occupying Glenroy Farm,and Stranks was on Bayview Farm.
But in 1871 Lonie,who was north of Cochrane according to Peter McCracken and had direct access to the crossing(i.e. Glenroy Rd)must have been on Glenroy Farm and Cochrane on lot 5 of 210 acres fronting Barina Rd/Rhodes Pde and including a bit more than the southern half of the Northern Golf Course site. It is likely that Lonie did not extend his lease on Glenroy Farm and Cochram seized the opportunity to lease lot 4 instead to gain direct access to Pascoe Vale Rd.

Lonie may have been Hay Lonie of Camp Hill and Lochton at Bulla. I believe I have identified the farm to which Lonie moved by 1874 in the LONIE journal. Lonie may also
have been James Lonie whom I have noticed but not noted and may have been the partner in Lonie and Brunton noticed very early in Broadmeadows rate books.

In conclusion,let's find when Peter McCracken's son drowned at the foot of Pascoe St,the obvious spot because that is where the bridge once was between Gladstone Park and the school in Broadmeadows Township (Sid Lloyd). The McCracken house was near Claredale Avenue* and the youngster had accompanied his older siblings part of the way to school. (*Source was Ian Farrugia who was living in THE LAST OF THE BROADY FARMS (Camp Hill/Gowanbrae) circa 1990 and had been the last to occupy John Cock's later "Gladstone" homestead near the Lyndhurst Rd/ North Circular Drive corner. Ian directed me around Gladstone Park and indicated the sites of the old and new homesteads and the stables/silo.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 28 October 1852 p 4 Article
... farmers and landholders of the district surrounding llicl Mel bourne. The chair was most ably filled by Peter Young, Esq. of Nairn, who presided in the absence of Peter McCracken, Esq. of Stewarton, who was prevented from attending by a severe domestic calamity, recently recorded in our columns.

I am sure that somewhere,possibly in my journal JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS,I have pasted the death notice of the young McCracken laddie. I cannot find it on trove. That's why I now immediately post articles that I chance upon!

by itellya on 2014-01-28 09:39:30

Oops,Peter McCracken , 1846 to 1855 (nine years on Stewarton.)

by itellya on 2014-01-28 10:17:06

Don't bother looking in the J.T.SMITH for the death notice re Peter McCracken's son. It had obviously been the world's greatest fluke that I had I ever found it that one, and only time.

Peter McCracken farmed on Stewarton from 1846 until 1855.This was the 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens between the Forman St and Lackenheath Dr. corners and extending to the Moonee Ponds Creek, which formed the eastern boundary.I have just spent two hours looking for the death notice of Peter's three year old son, William, in 1852, which I read last night but cannot now find! However, an indication of this death is found on page 722 of The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) of 3-11-1852.

The Chronicle article would have been a verbatim copy of the Argus article of 28-10-1852.

by itellya on 2014-01-29 06:16:44

If you really wish to enquire
Who was where in Broady shire
Reading George Lloyd's book's the thing to do:
"MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952".

With Bob Blackwell he was my locality mentor;
Look in the Hume Global Learning Centre.

Another good strategy is a trove search for "Broadmeadows, Oaklands Hunt".
A horse gymkhana in aid of the Broadmeadows auxiliary for the Queen Victoria
Hospital and the Broadmeadows Red Cross and Comforts Fund was held on Mrs. John
Orr's property Broadmeadows. The committee of the Oaklands Hunt Club assisted the effort from which a satisfactory profit will result.Among the winning riders in the various hunters' plates and other events were Mrs Ken Moore, Mrs Hickey, and Messrs J.Scott, W. Patten and J Attwood. Mr Campbell Fraser was ground supervisor and Mr. W. Mason judge. They had the assistance of Messrs J. Barrow, J. Attwood and K. Campbell committee . Miss E. Elliott was secretary, and Mrs. Orr,president.
(P.2, Argus,25-6-1940.)

John Orr purchased Kia Ora (the sloping ground across the creek to the north of the present Westmeadows footy ground)from the (Donald) Kennedy estate in 1929 and (Jim?)Attwood bought the 400 acre north of that,to Swain St, displacing the Hatty family which had leased Dundonald for many decades. Attwood sold the southern 200 acres to the Commonwealth for a remount and it now houses a vet college,and police horse and dog squads. The Scotts were on Camp Hill which they had renamed Gowanbrae and were heavily into horse racing.

Ken Moore was not a Broadmeadows resident. He was a prominent eventing rider who was much involved with Vale's daughter,Mrs Jackson*,(I MEAN RIDING HER HORSES!) at Dalkeith (where the old Nepean Highway feeds onto the Moorooduc Freeway south of Balcombe's The Briars.) He may be discussed in my journal THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. (*The hill from the Dalkeith homestead to Range Rd is called Jacksons Hill.)

Jim Barrow farmed Gladstone Park (from Forman St to the Lackenheath Drive corner,had the first motorised tractor in the district and had wheat sown by the Lloyd brothers after W.W.2. Keith Campbell bought Willowbank,across Ardlie St from Kia Ora and north of Kenny St,which is now the Alanbrae Estate for which I suggested many street names.

Miss Elliot may have been related to Doug Elliot of the popular Sunday morning sport show on Channel 7 who was among the prominent patrons of the Inverness Hotel in its final decade.

by itellya on 2014-01-30 08:56:30

THE State Government will today make the biggest land acquisition in Victorian history. It will take over 5,500 acres in theBroadmeadows area for use as a
Housing Commission settlement.

The Commission aims at a model suburb, capable of housing up to 50,000 people.The acquisition was announced last night by Mr Swinburne, Housing Minister. The land begins 2,000 yards south of Broadmeadows station,and extends for 2,000 yards either side of the main Sydney railway line to a point level with Somerton station.

Hundred of present landowners will lose their home building blocks, dozens more will
have to leave their homes, and at least 20 families will be displaced from farms.
Mr. Swinburne said it was planned to re-subdivide the area into enough blocks for another 10,000 to 12,000 houses. Gas, electricity, water, sewerage and drainage would be installed in the next two years. Provision would be made in re-subdivisional plans for parklands, roads, churches, shopping centres,schools, theatres, and industry.

Mr. Swinburne said all homes and buildings that did not fit in with subdivisional plans - those on potential roads and parklands would have to be demolished. All householders in the area would have to apply for exemption from the order, and this
would be granted where possible. No exemption would be given to the 20-odd farmers in the district who would have to find other properties. Only landowners to escape the
acquisition order were those who could prove they had definite plans to build and whose land did not encroach on future parklands or roads. Mr. Swinburne said householders forced to move would be offered other homes in the area or compensated.
Mr. Swinburne added that although there were several hundred homes in the area, comparatively few would be affected. (P. , Argus,12-4-1951.)

by itellya on 2014-02-01 03:08:53

Andrew Lemon is not being very helpful re reprinting BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY so the historical society plans to publish a booklet covering the area's history up to 1996 and has asked permission to use my material. Elayne has my history files re Broady on a USB stick that I sent her, as I've mentioned before, such as EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE. Any historical society has my permission to use my material in any way they see fit.

"I do not intend to alter any words or pictures other than to change the print style to Calibri and enhance the pictures. We have only a few copies of 'Broadmeadows - a forgotten history' left and gaining permission from Andrew Lemon to reprint this has been an ongoing saga for more than 4 years. We need another book / booklet to publicise this area before it is totally forgotten."

Thanking you in anticipation

Yours faithfully,


Elayne Whatman
Hon. Secretary
Broadmeadows Historical
Society Inc. & Museum

by itellya on 2014-02-02 09:40:34

KINGSHOTT entry in Broady Township Pioneers is underway.

by itellya on 2014-02-02 18:24:39

Copy of email sent to Jan (John!)Kingshott of Exeter, Devon in England.

Jan, as the KINGSHOTT entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND would have to be transcribed to be included in the Broadmeadows journal (see the message I sent last night), I intend only to provide a few details in the journal.

Therefore I will attempt to transmit the I-L volume to you as an email attachment. I will mention in comments under the journal that I have done so and ask Kingshott researchers in Australia to get in touch with you through the Gordon Victor Kingshott page.

by itellya on 2014-02-03 02:19:38

By 1884 the shire of Bulla adjoined the old Broadmeadows Township. The Kenny St.farce has been mentioned elsewhere; only the south half of the street was sealed!


Letter written in July 1984 to Office of the Place, Names Committee.

For some time significant new development has been occurring within the Shire of Bulla along its boundary with the City of Broadmeadows at Kenny Street, Westmeadows. Development is also occurring in the Shire to the north of Kenny Street and plans for further development are at an advanced stage.

The Council believes that it is desirable and would be appropriate for the area in which the present development is taking place and the further development is planned, to be known by its own distinct locality name. Having its own locality name will enable the many people moving there to become better identified with the area and not be considered merely as an extension of Broadmeadows and Westmeadows. A distinct locality name would also encourage such new residents of the Shire of Bulla to identify more with this, their own municipality.

Accordingly, the Council has considered the matter and has determined that a most suitable name for the area would be "Attwood" and application is now made herewith to your Committee for approval of same.

The name "Attwood" has a long association with the area proposed to be renamed. James Gordon Attwood purchased 399 acres of the former Dundonald property (Part of Crown Allotment 8, Parish of Will Will Rook) in November 1929. Part of the area (202 acres) fronting Mickleham Road was acquired by the Commonwealth of Australia and it is now occupied by the Victorian Government Department of Agriculture "Attwood" Veterinary Research Laboratory and a smaller portion by Police Dog Squad and "Attwood" Police Stud Depot.

In the early 1960's, Mr. Attwood further reducing his remaining 197 acres by subdividing ten (10), five (5) acre housing lots along the frontage to Mickleham Road and the rear balance of 147 acres was sold in 1964 and in 1980 was purchased by the State Government for inclusion in the Gellibrand Hill Regional Park.

The area, which the Council wishes to be known at "Attwood", is indicated on the enclosed plan. The boundary of the area on the south and east is the boundary of the Shire of Bulla. The western boundary is the western boundary of the original boundary is the northern boundary of the Veterinary Research Laboratory and Police areas to Mickleham Road and then the southern boundary of the Residential D zoning of the Greenvale area.

The area proposed to be known as "Attwood" will encompass a significant residential area in the south, the non-residential Aircraft Noise effected area in the north and the already well known, Attwood Veterinary Research Laboratory and Police Centre in the west on Mickleham Road.

The Council looks forward to your favourable consideration and agreement to this renaming request.

Yours faithfully

John W. Watson


by itellya on 2014-02-03 17:25:46

In 1884,Vagabond described the dairying and hay-growing of Broadmeadows as he headed up the future Hume Highway. Interestingly, the next locality was Craigieburn and Campbellfield was not mentioned. The success of dairying at Broadmeadows was due to proximity to the railway which allowed rapid transportation of the milk to Melbourne.

In the early 1870's, the failed private Essendon railway (1860-1864) had been purchased by the government to be extended as the North Eastern Railway and the station near Campbellfield road had been named Broadmeadows. Thus Vagabond did not use the locality's actual name, Campbellfield, and the process of Broadmeadows Township becoming Westmeadows had begun.

The railway was certainly a boon to dairy farmers, however dairying was not unknown in the area in the early 1860's. Was the lack of a railway at that time the reason that Plant and Dungate became insolvent?

IN the SUPREME COURT of tho COLONY of VICTORIA: In Its Insolvency Jurisdiction_In
the Estate of RICHARD PLANT and THOMAS DUNGATE, of Broadmeadows, In the Colony of
Victoria, Dairy Farmers.-Notice Is hereby given, that the above-named Richard Plant and Thomas Dungate intend to apply to his Honour the Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for tho colony of Victoria on Monday, the fifteenth day of September next, at the hour of eleven o'clock In the forenoon, at Melbourne, for a CERTIFICATE of DISCHARGE from their debts according to law.
Dated this eleventh day of August, A.D. 1862. WILLIAM HALSE GATTY JONES, No. 83 William street, Melbourne, solioitor for the above named Richard Plant and Thomas Dungate.(P.8, Argus,12-8-1862.)

It would seem logical to suppose that difficulty in getting milk to market would have been the cause of their insolvency but that was not the cause. Their herd of 180 cows had been decimated early in 1862 but an expert claimed to have slowed the spread of the disease. Hugh Junor Browne of Camp Hill at Tullamarine, the father of little Pattie who later married Alfred Deakin, probably had a more advanced knowledge of inoculation than the expert.

By 1869, Thomas Dungate was on "Greenbank" at Bundoora.

This is how John Miscamble described the plight of Plant and Dungate.

The Messrs. Plant and Dungate, dairy farmers,near Broadmeadows, had on the 13th ultimo - about two months ago-180 head of splendid milking cattle, most of which cost about 10 per head. They were from a clean herd ; and after the disease broke out Mr. Plant applied to the authorities fruitlessly for help, and at the end of one short month, what with the sick, dying, and the dead cattle on his farm, it looked very much like the valley of death at Inkermann.

Both Miscamble and H.J.Browne described the inoculation process in great detail but the latter seemed to be onto something important regarding getting the virus from the least affected part of the lungs.

by itellya on 2014-02-03 22:44:54

When I was living at Tullamarine, practically every year the first day of the Christmas school holidays would be marked by the screeching of sirens. Another fire had been caused by the same youths who rode mini bikes (with mufflers removed)along the valleys of the Yuroke and Moonee Ponds Creek.

Fires had been deliberately in the area for thousands of years but no property was destroyed. The only result was that dry grass was burnt off,to be replaced by sweet green pasture, and that only the occasional tree survived the fire farming. Wherever the aborigines used this form of land management, early explorers and settlers could not resist likening the scene to a Gentleman's estate in the old country.

The open woodlands produced were, in effect, BROAD MEADOWS. That was just what John Batman was looking for on behalf of the Port Phillip Association and the squatters soon settled these broad meadows. The flatter areas contained some rocks from the volcanic activity that had resulted in the rich soil which proved so handy for hay growing and dairying. The hillier areas had eroded, resulting in the huge granite tors to be seen at the Woodlands Historic Park dotted among trees that were stunted because of the shallow depth of soil. The occasional rocks on gentle slopes could be dealt with,to allow ploughing, by a stump and rock jumping plough such as the one trialled successfully on John Cock's farm (I believe, Springbank) in 1884.

Near the Saltwater River, rocks were more numerous with the result that agriculture was not to compete with grazing as the main farming type until the Closer Settlements of the early 1900's. Clancy used these rocks at Avondale Heights to build rock walls, as did the Goudies/Dodds of Brimbank Park. There is no mystery about how Rockbank got its name!

Fire would not have been too much of a problem for the squatters as long as the home station could be protected and stock removed from the fire's path in time. (Such time did not exist in 1851.) There was very little fencing to be damaged.

The fires in the Broadmeadows area were mainly grass fires and due to community burn offs and fire-fighting efforts (such as those at Tullamarine led by Major Murphy in the 1950's and Harry Nash earlier) few homesteads were destroyed but fencing was usually a casualty.

John Pascoe Fawkner's early land co-op. settlement, Box Forest (now Hadfield)almost took on the name coined, for a school nearby, by the District Inspector from two surnames, West and Breen. (BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, Richard Broome.) However the Pascoe Vale kids,such as Jim McKenzie,who rode over the area (known generally as "Cow Dung Flats"), called the future Hadfield "Peachey-Kelly Town".

Protecting homes from a fire in such an area was much harder,because although the fire would dodge one house it would consume the next scattered dwelling. As farmland became housing estates the possibility of costly destruction escalated.

The outbreak of fire in the Broadmeadows Shire was the most serious in the district. An official report prepared by Mr.A.T.Cook, Shire Secretary, shows that fire started in a paddock to the north of the Broadmeadows railway station at approximately 1.15 p.m. traversing a wide area of grass land, crossing the Camp road, thence running through the Meadows Estate to the Glenroy Heights Estate.

On this estate the following homes were destroyed: Bertram Ryley, W.B.cottage, valued at 200-Insured for 150, insurance on tools 50. In addition, furniture and other articles including bedding were totally destroyed, as well as identity card and
ration book. David Armstrong Little, W.B. cottage and sheds, valued at 300-Insured for - 250; furniture insured for 50. The owner lost everything,bedding, ration books, identity cards,title for property, etc. Albert Rattle, lost shed and motor
car, say 50-no insurance.

At Glenroy, in Cardinal road, Mrs. Edith Luck Kimber lost house and furniture, house valued at 300 and cash 8-Insured at 300. William Peachey, Pascoe Street, Westbreen, lost house and furniture valued at 400--no insurance.Frederick Gill, Pascoe Street, Westbreen, back portion of house badly damaged to extent of approximately 100 -Covered by insurance. Tools of trade valued at 100 all lost -not covered by insurance. Methodist Church, Westbreen, undamaged, but lost two lavatories, approximate value 20. State School, Westbreen, undamaged, but lost 2 shelter sheds and 2 lavatories. -Approximate cost of buildings, 170.

Many hundreds of acres of grasslands were burned and miles of post and wire fencing surrounding small paddocks. No stock of any consequence appears to have been lost in
this fire, other than some seven sheep, the property of Mr. N.Peachey.
(P.4,Kilmore Free Press,27-1-1944.)

It might seem strange for the article to be in a Kilmore newspaper but the shire had expanded well past Donnybrook which also suffered a fire that was described in the article, after the above.

Having posted the following in a comment under my PECK journal,I must have accidentally pasted it here, thinking I'd copied the article about the fire. As the cemetery and Peck were part of Broady Shire history I might as well leave it here.

Elayne Brogan,Bev.Patullo and the few other dedicated members of the Friends Of Will Will Rook Cemetery are doing wonderful work in preserving our heritage. The Hume Leader is available online and on page 8 of its 4-2-2014 issue is a wonderful article about the work being done, including the restoration of John Murray Peck's headstone inscriptions. David Moore,the great great grandson of J.M.Peck (about whom some details are given),is pictured in front of the grave.

by itellya on 2014-02-08 01:10:14

As this journal lists Broadmeadows farms in alphabetical order, only Broadmeadows Township residents are mentioned in alphabetical order. Some farmers who were not actually township residents were listed with them because I thought that I might never re-find the information,or think of them again. When I stumbled upon the death notice of young William McCracken (actually M'Cracken)while doing a Broadmeadows 1850-1859 search on trove, I posted it in a new journal straight away so I wouldn't spend another two years looking for it.

Then I decided to use the journal for the alphabetical discussion of Broadmeadows pioneers. Some township residents are mentioned in both journals. The will of John Bryan of the Victoria Hotel, in the new journal,introduces John Dick and Donald McPhee as participants in the township's history.

This is the new journal:

by itellya on 2014-02-16 21:23:00

I might seem to have been ignoring my BULLA and BROADY journals for a week or so but nothing could have been farther from the truth. Having been contacted by a descendant of Andrew McLennan of Moorooduc near Mornington the incredible connection between Bulla/Broady and Mornington pioneers has increased dramatically. Andrew McLellan's son, Alexander, married Margaret Jenkins at Broadmeadows(Township)in 1863 and after she died, he married Eliza Millar, who was possibly a sister of James Hunter Millar, Thomas Millar and Robert Millar; the last brother renamed John McKerchar's "Greenvale" as "The Elms" and called one of his daughters Elsie Eliza.

Having conveyed the information about Alexander McLellan's wives to Beryl Patullo, she replied thus 13 hours ago:
HI xxx, It appears whenever a new area was opened up for settlement, that families from the same area seem to move there. Margaret Patullo married Henry Rogers, 1892, at Moonee Ponds at the home of Wm Patullo, and although they had the settlement at Yannathan, their first son was born at Mornington in 1894, and an article was put in the Schnapper Point newspaper, I think from memory, haven't got it in front of me.

John McRae,probably from St Kilda, married one of Alexander's sisters, settling in Mornington, and might have been related to Farquhar McRae who was the groom in charge of the hunters at Glenara when he organised the first ride of what became the Oaklands Hunt in 1888. Could it be that Gilbert Alston,who lived just east of Glenara wrote a letter to his nephew, William Alston in Mornington and mentioned that Davis was looking for a groom, that William mentioned this to his partner in the blacksmith business, John Jenkins, who passed the message on to the Jenkins who had married a McLellan, who passed it onto John McRae, who passed it onto Farquhar McRae?

by itellya on 2014-02-17 08:33:28

Hamilton Terrace was the part of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate that was divided into acre blocks 20 metre wide by 200 metres deep. William Dewar bought Glendewar in section 15 and William Love Snr bought an almost triangular block between Glendewar and what was known to all pioneers as Nash's Lane. Consisting of 70 acres if I remember correctly,it had a 1996 link (almost 400 metres) frontage to Bulla Rd but tapered towards the north so that it included only the eastern 100 metres of the future Cleanaway tip. When the official name of Riddell St became Victoria St is not known but the part south of the freeway was renamed Greenhill St and is now Mercer Drive, which leads to the taxi holding area in the airport. Poor old Evander confused his east and west (which I have a tendency to do); Charles and John Nash, Thomas Anderson, Wallis Wright and John Mansfield had various numbers of roughly (5?) acre blocks between Victoria St and Wright St. Thomas Anderson had land near the Hamilton Terrace boundary,Derby St (which continued north west to the top left corner of Melway 5 F8) that had been bought by James and John Anderson and maybe land in between those blocks bought by James Purvis. George Goodwin's eight blocks had probably been bought by John Mansfield. Charles Nash's Fairview and Wallis Wright's Sunnyside were north of these, the former fronting Victoria St, and the latter fronting Wright St. Between Wright St and Broadmeadows Rd, was the 461 acre Chandos,purchased by John Peter that later became Percy Judd's 123 acre Chandos Park, William Lockhart's 198 acre Springburn, and the Wrights' Strathconan (bounded by Derby St and roughly Freight Rd.)

BROADMEADOWS ROAD DISTRICT -Notice is hereby given, that the Broadmeadows District
Road Board deem it expedient to MAKE a PUBLIC ROAD of RIDDELL STREET through Section 6, in Tullamarine, county of Bourke, a plan of which is deposited for inspection at the Board-room, Broadmeadows, pursuant to the 20 Hil and 27Uth sections of "Tho Local Govirnment Act, ' 27 Victoria, No 170 nd further, that tho said street is one chain wide (fenced on both sides), and one mile fifty links long*,bounded on the north by the Moonee Ponds, on the south by the Deep Creek road,on the east(sic) by land owned by J.C.Riddell, and occupied by William Love, on the west(sic) by land owned and occupied by Messrs. Thomas Anderson, John Nash, Wallis Wright,Charles Nash, and John Mansfield. (1610 metres.)

All persons affected by the proposed undertaking are hereby called upon, within 40 days from the publication of this notice, to set forth in writing, addressed to the Chairman of the said Board, any objection they may have to the said street being
proclaimed a public road.
Dated this fourth day of April, 1865.
EVANDER M'IVER, Clerk to the Board. (P.3,Argus,7-4-1865.)

If you google VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD,TARDIS,you will find an archealogical survey about Charles Nash's Fairview (the homestead, rubble driveway etc) and Wallis Wright's Sunnyside which are clearly shown in an aerial photograph. At least some of my information that I donated to the Hume Library is still in safekeeping, being the major source for the survey.

Colin Williams told me that the Bone Mill was the favourite swimming hole of the Tulla kids and Jack Hoctor said that the township kids mainly swam in Peterson's Hole on Chandos. I seem to remember that Charles and John Nash ran the Bone Mill (1863 rates?) which produced lime for mortar. After Jessie Rowe, who came from the Holden School circa 1903, married Frank Wright of Strathconan and before Alex Rasmussen arrived at the Conders Lane school in 1909, Colin Williams and his schoolmates sneaked off to the Bone Mill one hot lunchtime. I wonder how long the teacher (Mr Rogers?) took to twig how unnaturally quiet it was!

It is probably that the water hole on Chandos was actually Peter's son's Hole (son of John Peter.)

If descendants of the original purchasers would like a copy of my map drawn from title documents, send your email address in a private message.

by itellya on 2014-02-27 02:06:07

Yet another link has been found between the Mornington Peninsula and Broady.I don't know whether any of the pioneering Cairns family of Boneo were directly linked with the Carron timber mill in Melbourne but their stepbrothers were. Joseph Anderson had a place called Burn Head at Moonee Ponds (probably Broadmeadows Township) in the 1850's; his son, Adam, became a partner in the Carron Timber mill and his daughter married Walter MacFarlane of Strathoer, near Broadmeadows and adjoining Glenroy. Because millyhettie and camcairns sent me private messages, they will now be able to share their information. The former's first post is on the way.

Once again,thanks to Scott Jangro who makes all of this connection between researchers possible.

by itellya on 2014-03-06 18:43:06

My aim is to acknowledge our pioneers and part of the task is to preserve any heritage that they left us, whether as individuals, families or part of communities. Many pioneers were disenfranchised and due to agitation by the common man and criticism from such as Edward Wilson, Government became more liberal and democratic. Land was made available to the battlers through selection and part of the Rosebud foreshore, where fishermen had been squatting for many years, was declared as the Rosebud Fishing Village so that they could buy the land on which they had built their huts. Sadly many residents of Rosebud are now disenfranchised by not truly being represented by two of their three councillors who are trying to get part of the foreshore as the site for a swimming pool, crown land reserved for all Victorians for public recreation.

I have been fully occupied for the last two weeks trying to prevent the theft of this crown land with logical arguments exposing untruths in council and consultants' reports. See the SAVE ROSEBUD FORESHORE Facebook page in which these untruths and the council's lack of open transparent consultation are explained.

Having done all I think possible to preserve that heritage, I will now be returning my focus to our Bulla and Broady pioneers.

by itellya on 2014-03-10 09:56:42

BROADMEADOWS (Shire)-The retiring members of the council, and also the local auditor, were re-elected, viz:-David Brodie, of Harpsdale, for the Mickleham Riding; David Williamson, of Glenroy, for the Broadmeadows Riding, John Kerr, Glen Allan, for the Campbellfield Riding ; and George Couser, Broadmeadows, as local auditor.

As I am fairly certain that the majority of Harpsdale (section 18 Bulla Bulla) was in the shire of Bulla,David Brodie's link with Broadmeadows Shire would have been land just to the north in the parish of Mickleham that Jack Simmie told me was part of the farm. I believe that David Williamson was on Camp Hill* (now Gowanbrae) and that Glenroy would have been in the Campbellfield Riding. The occupant of Glen Allan was probably John Kerr Junior and John Couser was the storekeeper/postmaster in Broadmeadows Township just uphill in Ardlie St from the Broadmeadows Hotel.

by itellya on 2014-03-17 09:23:45

FAIRVIEW and SUNNYSIDE at Tullamarine are discussed in some detail in an archaeological survey which can be obtained online by googling VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD,TARDIS.

Fairview was established by Charles Nash and carried on by several generations of the family,which with the Parr and Wright families composed the backbone of the Tullamarine Methodist Church for over a century. Victoria Road was actually Victoria Street but was known to all Tullamarine residents as Nash's Lane. When the freeway was built,the southern part of Victoria St was renamed Greenhill St and was closed but is now part of Mercer Drive which leads from the freeway to the taxi holding area.

Charles Nash married Mary Gage, daughter of a pioneering Broadmeadows Township family. Harry Nash, who played a prominent part in fighting fires in the area,with a tank mounted on his truck, married Olive Simmons, daughter of the postmistress at Post Office Lane (north boundary of Trade Park Industrial Estate,of which another Nash farm,Bayview, constituted a major part, the church being built in 1870 on what is now the north corner of present Trade Park Drive.)Harry,like Charles Nash Snr. died fairly young and Olive (like Mary,nee Gage)carried on the farm as a widow. Olive eventually was forced to leave Fairview because of dust from the Bayview quarry across Nash's Lane which later became the Cleanaway tip. She spent her last years in a unit next to Joyce Morgan (a fellow stalwart of the Tullamarine Methodist Church) on the old Morgan one or two acre block 20 metres north of, but now adjoining the Tullamarine Reserve, as the old Handlen acre was added to the reserve.

Sunnyside was so-named by Wallis Wright. It fronted Wright St,the southern part of which was renamed Springbank St when the freeway was built. The sons moved to bigger properties or became blacksmiths/wheelwrights and in 1923,Harry Heaps' father William,took over the farm to earn (or produce) his bacon, pig farming now coming into vogue. The Heaps later changed to poultry farming,which was much easier work.

Harry Heaps,who was 14 when he arrived in Tullamarine, saw the formation of the progress association in 1924 and was one of the enthusiastic volunteers who planted pine trees around Noah Holland's old 6 acre block when the progress association,(at the suggestion of its secretary,Alec Rasmussen, who may* be honoured by a plaque at the reserve) gained title and donated it to Broadmeadows Shire as a recreation reserve.
When he married,Harry moved to the large Hamilton Terrace block now occupied by Strathconan Square. Unfortunately nothing now remains of the Fairview and Sunnyside homesteads but the survey will ensure that reminders of the two farms will be preserved.

In reference to your query in regard to potential ways in which Mr Alec Rasmussen can be recognised within the community,Council officers are currently investigating the possibility of installing a memorial plaque at Tullamarine Reserve. I will advise you again in writing when a final decision has been made on a suitable memorial for Mr Alec Rasmussen.

by itellya on 2014-04-05 09:31:01

Anyone desiring the maps mentioned could private message their email address to me.

This map shows subdivision of 15 by the grantees, crown allotments on 16 and two divisions of section 23 into farms (A.414 ac + Dunns Farm. B. Stevensons + McDougalls).


See Bruce Barbours Strathmore web site at

This was bounded by Lincoln Rd (Carnarvon Rd), Woodland St and the Moonee Ponds Creek and ran north to the southern tip of Strathmores home ground, Lebanon Park. Granted to E.J.Brewster, it was soon subdivided and sold. The southern 100 acres was bought in 1845 by Thomas Napier, who called it Rose Mount, renaming it Rosebank later. Napier had been a pioneer of Mulgrave in 1839 as a squatter* and in 1851 received the grant for Niddrie (17B). After he died, his son in law, G.P.Barber, built the Rosebank house near the original dwelling; it stands behind St. Vincents school. The 1900 ratebook of Broadmeadows Shire called the remaining 22 acre property Rose Hill. When his son, Theodore was old enough, Thomas gave him 20 acres and Magdala was built near Lincoln Rd. Just before his death, Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council; strangely the park was in the Shire of Broadmeadows! Magdala was destroyed by fire in 1927.
(* The Melbourne Story P.220.)

While reading Wilbur Smiths Cry Wolf, I came across the probable origin of the name of Theodore Napiers property. Nearly 70 years before 1935, the British general Napier had marched on MAGDALA with less than fifty thousand men, meeting and defeating the entire Ethiopian army on the way, storming the mountain fortress and releasing the British prisoners held there Websters New International Dictionary gives the following details for the entry NAPIER OF MAGDALA: Robert Cornelis Napier, first baron, British general, 1810-1890. Magdala, south west of Lake Tana, is situated at roughly 39 degrees west and 11 degrees north.
John Murray Peck, the co-founder and action man of Cobb and Co., who was probably the first Yank to hold an official position in Aussie Rules (V.P.of Ess. F.C.), built Lebanon in 1882 and the Italianate mansion still stands in Wendora St. Lebanon was his native town near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. About a decade later, his son, Harry, built Hiawatha, where he wrote most of his Memoirs of a Stockman; this house still stands at the top of Kilburn St. Others involved in the history of section 15 were William Smith, who ran the Young Queen Inn across the bridge, William Jones, John Kernan, the Kilburns, Samuel Jackson, and William Salmon who had a farm of about 140 acres on the north side of Rosebank and Magdala. A Grammar School planned to move to section 15 in the 1920s; this explains many of the street names such as Head St.

The map on P.21 of Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History shows the subdivision of section 15 reasonably well, but Andrew Lemon has made several mistakes, one of which is referring to Brewsters grant as being section 5.
His research did not reveal that Brewster bought section 15 in partnership with Philip Holland. Lemon shows a huge area between the land labelled Napier and Holland. This was part of the land conveyed to Holland when they partitioned the unsold portion of the grant. Lemon failed to show Sir John Franklins purchase of the northernmost 12 acres (adjoining section 23, which Franklin also owned).

Thomas Napier was first to buy land from Brewster, paying 320 pounds for his 100 acres on 30-12-1845. It had a frontage of 105 chains to the future Woodland St and 10 chains to the future Carnarvon Rd. Its northern boundary, running east to the Moonee Moonee Ponds, is precisely indicated by Glenbervie and Upland Rds. Two roads were reserved out of this land, with Brewster and his successors given right of passage over them. I thought the first, running north from a point 35 chains east of the s/w corner of section 15 would be Napier St, but this street is actually 42 chains east, so the road would have run through Napier Park. The second was to run along the north boundary of Napiers purchase from the first road to the creek with Brewsters right of passage to be terminated if a government road* was opened along the western extremity of the second road within 6 or 8 chains (C 933).

On 19-2-1846, Brewster conveyed 236 acres 8 perches to his co- grantee, Philip Holland, who had received half of the proceeds from land previously sold as well as this land, conveyed for 10/-, as an act of Partition. With a western boundary of 2835 links, Hollands land adjoined Napiers and went north to the York/Lloyd St midline (D 20).

On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklins land went 295 links south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).

The E.J.Brewster 1st and 2nd series do not refer to a memorial concerning the land extending the next 8 chains (roughly) south to Peck Ave. If Andrew Lemon was right, it was purchased by William Smith.

(Luckily Doutta Galla microfiche 85 gave the title application number 13 676. The Sketch of Title under this number contained the following information. The blocks western boundary started 295 links south from the north west corner of section 15 (see frontage of Sir John Franklins purchase) and went another 709 1/4 links further south. Its northern and southern boundaries went east 41 chains and 5425 links respectively to the Moonee Moonee Ponds. On 4-2-1848, the same day that McCord, Jackson, Dunn and Callaghan bought their blocks to the south, Brewster sold this block to William Smith, a farmer of Glenroy.
The memorial recording this conveyance (G 460) was not listed in the Brewer index so luckily it appeared in this document. It revealed that William Smith paid L114/0/6. William Smith finally sold it to William Henry Fletcher, yoeman of Yan Yean, on 1-2-1872. The memorial listed for this conveyance (217 310) was consulted. The description of the land was perfectly copied from G 460, which failed to specify the blocks area. Fletcher paid 940 pounds, 8.25 times the price Smith had paid 24 years earlier.)

These men bought the land between William Smiths purchase and the area partitioned to Philip Holland.
They bought their land on the same day as Smith (4-2-1848) and luckily, their purchases were recorded in the E.J.Brewster index.
James McCords 35 acres went 658 links south to a line indicated by the end of Roslyn St and cost him L110/5/- (F 81).
Samuel Jacksons 22 acres 3 roods 9 perches went south from there 383 links to the e-w part of Loch Cres.and cost L71/15/- (F 80).
Thomas Dunns 62 acres and perch (2.5 m x 2.5 m) went south 1041 links to the northern boundary of Johnston Reserve and cost him L195/6/- (F 242).
Henry Callaghan bought 67 acres 2 roods and 37 perches extending south to the York/Lloyd St midline, where it adjoined the land partitioned to Holland, for L237/1/- (F 167).

Further information about the ownership of these blocks and some of the pioneers. Sketch of title 16466 reveals that Brewster subdivided his post-partition land into four blocks, each having a western boundary of 1041 links. However lot 4 was sold in two parts (Franklin and Smith) as was lot 3 (McCord and Jackson.) Franklin and Smiths blocks had a combined western boundary of only 1004 links, which necessitated a special survey in sketch of title 16466.

FRANKLINS 12 ACRES. This obviously became, with William Smiths purchase, part of John Murray Pecks Lebanon. The total of the two, which comprised lot 4 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision, was about the 34 acres that Lebanons owners were assessed on over the years. Neither the 1st nor 2nd series index for Sir John Franklin mentions any sale of his 12 acres. I checked the index for Archibald McLachlan and Frederick Armand Powlett, who acted as his agents at various times. I checked the index for Dame Jane Franklin. There was no mention of this part of section 15, Doutta Galla! In desperation, I returned to the ground floor and consulted Doutta Galla microfiche 85 again.
There I saw 46645s and was partly rewarded when I raced up to the 6th floor to try application 46645. The search certificate referred to Sir Johns purchase of the northern 295 links of section 15 but there was no sketch of title. The search certificate referred to the land being fenced in 1882. This was probably done by John Murray Peck, who had bought William Smiths original purchase and established Lebanon. I think Peck noticed that nobody used the land between his 22? acres and section 23, so he just started using it as if he owned it. Broadmeadows Shire was receiving rates on his whole 34 acres so there would have been no question of his right to use Franklins land. Indeed, in 1879-80, Hugh Peck may have been occupying Franklin and Smiths purchases when he was assessed on 34 acres; names were listed alphabetically and Pecks name appears where the name of W.H.Fletcher would be expected to be. J.M. Peck died on 19-11-1903 and he does not seem to have been listed in Broadmeadows 1899-1900 rate book. It was probably at this time that the Pecks realised that their lack of title to the 12 acre block would be discovered. Did they just abandon it?
In 1879, John Morgan English, had bought Belle Vue ( renamed Oak Park and separated from Franklins land only by the creek and Lebanon Reserve) after the death of Fawkners widow, Eliza, and converted Fawkners single storey weatherboard house into the double storey mansion still standing at the top of Oak Park Court. He leased out the farm to his relatives, the Morgans and Mrs Morgans mother, Mary Knight but was still involved in the area, purchasing the 200 acre eastern part of section 23, which adjoined Franklins 12 acres. He seems to have done the same as I suspect Peck did earlier and, in 1902, just squatted on the land and paid the rates. In 1926, J.M.English applied for the title to Franklins land.. (Application 46645, Broadmeadows Rates.)
In 1920-1, Louisa Ellen, the widow of J.M.Peck had 38 acres, which probably consisted of lot 4 (Franklin and Smiths purchases from Brewster) plus about 4 acres of subdivision lots in the Byron Vale Estate or another estate nearby.
Why didnt Franklin sell the 12 acres when the section 23 land was sold? My guess is that he and his heirs (and the titles office) forgot that this land was on a separate title to the St Johns Estate. If hed left his land to his wife, Dame Jane Franklin, she might have been aware that the 12 acres existed. However he seems to have punished Jane for not bearing him a son. He left her only her clothes and gave the rest of his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This daughter had probably never been to Australia.
The confusion seems to have set in when a man named Dunn leased a 123 acre farm from Sir John. He was followed by Elizabeth Guest prior to 1862 but the 123 acre farm was still called Dunns Farm. As explained in bold type under section 23, Dunns Farm must have included the 12 acres (adjoining section 23) at the northern end of section 15. This lessee could have been Thomas Dunn of section 15 or Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint in Tullamarine.
When the 123 acre Dunns Farm was leased to Henry Mawbey for 5 years on 17-2-1862, it was wrongly described as being entirely in section 23. Significantly no boundaries of the farm were described in the memorial! (121 455).
I had intended to include a copy of Sketch of Title 46645 but the clerks scribble is so illegible that readers would not be able to make head or tail of it. Heres what it says.
46645. John M.English.
Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.
1080 pounds.
Claim by possession.
L.R.O. Sir John Franklin
(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.
John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application
(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)
(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of 200 acres Doutta Galla owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kellys former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.
His application states (inter alia)
That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed
That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923
He occupies under Co lease-
That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:
All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.
Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.
19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck
456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A
(Of course the future author of Memoirs of a Stockman should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)
He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.

Andrew Lemon states that, in 1874, William Jones bought William Smiths properties, about 21 acres on the north of the creek and a similar area on the south. (P.75.) The 1879-80 Broadmeadows rate book lists William Jones as the owner and occupier of 20 acres at Pascoe Vale, but as this was in the Campbellfield riding it would have been north of the bridge. This was probably the land he bought from Mr Heron in about 1865, and on which he was harvesting 2 tons of hay per acre in 1888 (Victoria & Its Metropolis P.704). The rate collector made no mention of Jones having about 20 acres south of the creek, unless my transcription was faulty.

The owners of Smiths purchase.
William Smith (not the man associated with Flemington and Moonee Ponds, P.697 Vic. & Its Metrop.) bought the Young Queen Inn from John Watson in December 1842. The inn, being on the most popular of the three routes to Sydney until the Broadmeadows Township bridge was built in 1854(Lemon P.17.) This was on lot 3 of Pascoeville, consisting of 1 acre 2 roods and 5 perches, on the s/w side of the government (Pascoe Vale) road. Lot 4 was s/e of it, probably fronting the creek and lot 2 was n/w of it. The south west boundary was a lane leading from Sparke St to the Moonee Moonee Ponds (Sydney 1523). This memorial, detailing the sale of lot 3 by the hotels builder, Edward Butler, to Watson on 29 and 31 May 1841, unfortunately gives no measurements but I think Sparke St would have been near Marks St if all blocks were about 1 acres. Fate might have decreed that Smith would never purchase his block from Brewster in 1848. He was charged with the manslaughter of his servant, Joseph Plant, in 1847 but he was acquitted. (Between Two Creeks Richard Broome.)
William Henry Fletcher.
It is unknown whether this was the same man after whom Fletcher St in Essendon was named. The latter was granted land including the Target store at Highpoint (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility), 260 acres between Maribyrnong-Ormond Rd and a line indicated by Gladstone St- stretching from Scotia St to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and south of this the 320 acre triangle bounded by Epsom and Ascot Vale Rds. Surely he would describe himself as a gentleman rather than a yoeman.
John Murray Peck.
Arriving in 1854, at the age of 21, with three other young Yanks (Freeman Cobb etc.), Peck was the action man who could drive huge teams of horses on the Cobb & Co line that soon opened to Castlemaine. His powerful voice and commanding presence later established him as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle. Before moving to section 15, Peck lived at Mascoma in Ascot Vale. (See volume 2.) His family pioneered the area in New Hampshire, U.S.A. near the Mascoma River where the town of Lebanon sprang up. Peck, his London-born wife and their son, Harry Huntinton Peck were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery.

In the Essendon Conservation Study (Call No. 720.288099 BUT), Graeme Butler confirms some of the title information I have supplied, apart from calling William Smith John. In his entry for Lebanon, Butler states that Smith lost the property surrounding the house to William Fletcher via a series of mortgages in 1872. Fletcher converted the title to Torrens in 1881 and J,M.Peck bought 40 acres soon afterwards*.
John Murray Peck built Lebanon (still standing in Wendora St ) in about 1882.
*As Lebanon consisted of 34 acres, it must have included Sir John Franklins 12 acres between Smiths land and section 23. The Broadmeadows rate book did not state that Peck was leasing the 12 acres so I can only assume that the co-founder of Cobb and Co had just squatted on it and paid the rates, as J.M.English did from 1902. (See details under Franklins 12 Acres.)

This land includes the Red Rooster site, where stood the illegally demolished Cooks Homestead. This name was bestowed on the house by Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930s, such as the late Jim McKenzie and his future wife Peggy, because it was owned by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary Albert Cook. (See Kilts and Cow Dung Flats by R.Gibb.) Its name was actually Wanganui, and it was said to have been built by J.M.Peck of Lebanon. (Sam Merrifields House Names Index P.37.) Peggy McKenzie told me that a Miss Roberts owned the Wanganui land (south to the garage site); she was probably related to J.M.Peck, whose wife, born in Bond St, London on 6-6-1840, was Louisa Ellen Roberts. (Gravestone, Will Will Rook cemetery.)

McCord mortgaged this to Thomas Clark for 70 pounds on 1-5-1849 (G 437), and to Charles Payne for 100 pounds on 28-6-1850 (1 997). On 20-4-1853, a memorial entitled releases to uses recorded that Thomas Dunn paid McCord L5450 (X 221). This obviously gave ownership to Dunn, who mortgaged the 35 acres to McCord for 2000 pounds on 17-4-1853, three days before the releases to uses was memorialised (Y922).
On 15-5-1854, the 2000 pounds having been repaid, the 35 acre lot was reconveyed to Thomas Dunn
(12 17). Dunn now owned his original purchase of 62 1/640 acres plus McCords 35 acres and five days later, on 20-5 1854, he mortgaged both to Thomas Clark for 2200 pounds (12 20).
Dunn lost both properties to Clark, who sold the part of McCords portion of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson on 18-3-1857. A quarter of a century later, on 8-9-1882. William Lynch signed a contract with Jacksons agent to buy 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches for 1500 pounds. As McCord and Jacksons original purchases total 57 acres 3 roods and 9 1/4 perches, Lynch probably bought only the part of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd. (Sketch of title 16466).
On 4-6-1856, Thomas Clark conveyed that part of McCords original purchase east of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson. John Kernan, who started leasing Merai Farm (between Gaffney St and Devon Rd) from H.G.Ashurst during that year, had obviously contracted earlier to buy from Clark. Kernan directed, as an intermediate buyer, that the land be conveyed to Jackson. This land had a frontage of 625 links to the private road* and the average of the north and south boundaries was 550 links. This equates to 3.4 acres so it is probably the 3 acres 1 rood and 5 perches that Samuel Jacksons agent contracted to sell to Elizabeth Cochran (sic) for 600 pounds. This agreement was dated 23-5-1882. The land is recorded only as being in Doutta Galla and the unfortunate clerk compiling the sketch of title wrote, Where is this?
Elizabeth Cochrane (the spelling used on the search certificate) had become the wife of Edward Egbert Welby by the time she applied for the title, which was issued on 2-5-1884. (Application 16359.) She was probably the widow of John Cochrane, who had leased Glenroy Farm (between Rhodes Pde and Hilton St) from the Kennedys from 1853 until 1874, when it was sold to William McCulloch.
(The Stopover That Stayed G.Aldous, Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History A.Lemon.)

In the Essendon Conservation Study, Graeme Butler states that this land was subdivided as the Byron Vale Estate, declared by A.W.Craven in 1886. Because of the 1890s depression, this subdivision fizzled, like so many others.
In 1920-1, Harry Peck of Hiawatha (top of Kilburn St) owned 5 acres on which his house stood (probably the whole south side of Kilburn St), 20 acres adjoining Lebanon (Jacksons purchase from Brewer?) and, with his brother Richard, 18 acres at the Carnarvon Rd end of this estate. As George Gibson had 5 acres and Ralph Lind a house and land (possibly 5 or 7 acres), the 20 acres had to be Jacksons purchase.

(* The private road was Pascoe Vale Rd, which despite being the main route to Sydney in early days and retaining the name of Old Sydney Rd for many decades, had never been declared a government road. It looks as if Brewsters expectations of 1845 were never realised. See Napiers purchase details.)

In Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History, Andrew Lemon states that William Lynch paid Samuel Jackson L1500 for 51 acres close to Pascoe Vale station on the Strathmore side, in 1882. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that Joseph Nixon had just replaced Samuel Jackson as the occupant of 40 acres in Doutta Galla and Jackson himself was assessed on houses and 15 acres in Doutta Galla.
The entry for Mrs Ellen Jackson on P.704 of Victoria and Its Metropolis shows that in 1888 Sams widow was living on 18 acres at Essendon. A gardener, Sam followed this trade for a while after his arrival before taking to farming on 52 acres of purchased land. The 52 acres (actually 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches) seems to have been that part of McCord and Jacksons original purchases west of Pascoe Vale Rd. The details of Samuel Jacksons acquisition of the northern 658 links of lot 3 and his conveyances to Lynch and Mrs Cochrane in 1882 are given under the previous heading.

Apparently from 20-4-1853, Dunn also owned McCords 35 acres and the last mention in the 1st series index was of Dunn mortgaging both to Thomas Clark as mentioned above. This land was lot 2 of Brewsters post partition subdivision and was to pass into the hands of Clark, Michael Brown (11-3-1856) and John Kent Pow (22-7- 1863). Pow mortgaged it to his northern neighbour, Samuel Jackson on 22-2-1865 and it was reconveyed to him on 24-7-1868. On 8-10-1870, Pow sold it to Douglas Thomas Kilburn of Essendon for 1200 pounds. Kilburn, the grantee of much of Hugh Glasss Flemington Estate and the 163 acres across Keilor Rd from Springfield had recently bought 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and named it Fairfield. D.T.Kilburn died on 10-3-1871. His will of 19-11-1870 appointed his wife, Anna Maria, and Edmund Augustus Cartwright as executors. The title was issued to Anna Maria Kilburn on 4-4-1887. (Application 21915.) Andrew Lemon gives the impression (P.77) that Buzzards sold lot 2 in 1886, but surely the title would have to be issued first! Despite this discrepancy, Lemon gives a good description of the property, which consisted of 56 acres west of Pascoe Vale Rd and 6 acres on the creek side of the road. The sand was probably being extracted from the creek by Michael Fox, who continued to do so for many decades (as described in George Lloyds Mickleham Rd: 1920-52), despite his acquisition of 18 C and D, Doutta Galla and Barbiston at Tullamarine.
Like Byron Vale, this subdivision fizzled. In 1920-1, subdivision was being tried again, obviously by Mrs Emily Lind and Ralph Lind. The Pascoe Vale Estate had frontages to Lind St, Vernon St, Hood St (demolished for the freeway C 1967) and Lincoln St (Carnarvon Rd).

Callaghans land was lot 1 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision. All four lots had 1041 link western boundaries, the difference in their areas being caused by the course of the Moonee Ponds.
The 1st series index for Callaghan mentions two memorials which I presume are mortgages.
4 388. Thomas Napier paid 1000 pounds to Callaghan on 28-11-1853.
69 901. Mary McLachlin paid 700 pounds to Callaghan on 9-10-1858.
Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 shows that Patrick Callaghan was owner and occupier of a house and land (nett annual value L22) and was leasing a basic house to Bridget Murphy. Lawrence McLachlan (Marys son?) was leasing a farm (N.A.V. L46) from John Kernan.
The 1920-1 ratebook reveals that the Callaghan family was still involved in the area. Mrs M and Frank Callaghan were named in connection with the Sunrise Estate (between the Essendon Hill and Terminus estates).
Sketch of Title 370 reveals that the property was also mortgaged to Thomas Napier (4 388, reconveyed 50 845). The mortgage to Mary McLachlan was transferred to John Badcock and John Guthrie (111 275), with the property then being reconveyed to Patrick Callaghan on 11-7-1863 (137 387). Three days later Patrick Callaghan conveyed the land to John Kernan (130 388)*. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that James G.Brisbane was leasing 320 acres in Doutta Galla from John Kernan. Andrew Lemons map shows that Callaghan and Hollands purchases were later owned by John Kernan; their total area is 303 acres so only 16 acres of this leased land need to be accounted for.
(* On 9-4-1864 John Kernan bought 6 acres 3 roods 3 perches in Doutta Galla and part of section 142 Jika Jika from the Callaghans (138 94). Patrick Callaghan was Henrys son and heir. The Jika Jika land was part of the Bolingbroke Estate across the creek from the Callaghan/ Holland purchases. This explains why Kernan St and Kernan Ave are only 840 metres from each other.)

On 11-8-1846, Holland leased this land to R.MacNamara and Duncan Cameron for 100 pounds paid before sealing and a rent of 70 pounds p.a. (D 376).
On 5-4-1852 Holland sold the land to James William Dunbar for 608 pounds. As Mary MacNamara and Duncan Cameron were named as the parties of the second part, I presume they were still leasing the land
(P 635).
The MacNamara name was associated with the area for a long time and a street name in Airport West recalls this. The Camerons were early lessees on Glenroy (sections 6 and 1 Will Will Rook, 2313 acres), which they were said to have named. The Dunbar name was associated with the Moonee Ponds (Deans) and Flemington Hotels.
Edward James Kernans application for title (21650) indicates that I may have misread Dunbars purchase. The lease of 11-8-1846 had included the option for Robert McNamara and Duncan Cameron to purchase the 236 and a bit acres. On 11-12-1852, this option was exercised despite Robert McNamara having died. The land was partitioned with the McNamaras taking the northern 1285 links and the Camerons the southern 1550 links. The boundary between the two is the Kernan St/ Henshall Rd midline and explains the bends in Bournian and Collegian Avenues. The McNamara land was conveyed by Robert McNamaras widow, Mary, to her sons Matthew and Joseph on 27-4-1853. Mary McNamara was about to marry John Kernan. The McNamara land , north to the York/ Lloyd St midline (which explains the other bends in those two streets) was lost to the Bank of New South Wales, which sold it to John Kernan on 3-9-1875.
The Cameron land, south to Glenbervie/Upland Rd, passed into the hands of Thomas Knight Bennett, who sold it to John Kernan on 20-9-1873 for 2634 pounds. Kernan mortgaged it to Josh Henry Kay who died. John Kernan also died, on 6-1-1877. He left no will but on 29-3-1877, probate was granted to his widow Mary and John Kernan (junior). On 22-6-1877, Kays executors reconveyed the land to John Kernans executors. The land was mortgaged to John Kernans great mate, Michael Loeman of Bulla, on 17-2-1880 and despite the mortgage apparently not being paid off, Loeman agreed to Edward James Kernans application to apply the certificate (of title) to himself.
Three interesting details found in sketch of title 21650 are:
(a)Edward James, Mary Jane, Mary and John Jun. were the only Next of Kin of John Kernan.

NAPIERS 100 ACRES. (Without repeating too much of information already on Bruces web site.)
Thomas Napier called his farm Rose Mount in 1847 but the mount or Napiers perception of its height shrank so that the name was adapted to Rosebank. Thomas gave the western end of the farm to his son, Theodore, who named this portion Magdala. At the time of Thomass death in 1881, Magdala consisted of 20 acres (east only to a point opposite Salmon Ave) and did not include Napier Park, which he donated on 20-8-1920. In 1900, Magdala was still only 20 acres and was being leased by John Scott. In 1920-1, obviously after the donation had been deducted, Magdala consisted of 33 acres extending east to Noble Ave, and was occupied by Theodore. Before the donation, Magdala would have comprised 43 acres.
Thomas Napiers widow remained in the stone and brick house (apparently just west of the later mansion) on 23 acres until the property passed to her daughter Eleanor in about 1891. During the next two years Eleanores husband, George Page Barber, built the house at the n/w corner of St Vincents. The 1899-1900 rate book of Broadmeadows Shire assessed the nett annual value of the house at 200 pounds, ten or 20 times as much as most houses. Eleanore Barbers Rosehill, 22 acres surrounding the house, had a N.A.V. of only 50 pounds; it would be far more valuable than the well-kept mansion today.
Barber died on 26-3-1914 and Eleanore two days later. Their son, Dr Norman Charles Barber subdivided the property as the Rosebank estate.
(Essendon Conservation Study, 1847 directory, rates, Annals of Essendon R.W.Chalmers.)
In 1879-80, Thomas Napier was listed as the occupier of 80 acres. Ten acres of this, immediately across the Moonee Ponds Creek from La Rose, seems to have been traditionally leased by the occupants of that 270 acre farm. On 13-10-1873, Thomas Napier agreed to lease this land to William McCulloch from 1-8-1873 for three years at a rent of 10 pounds p.a. The land had been previously occupied by James Robertson, owner of La Rose, who had leased his farm to McCulloch. It is unlikely that McCulloch of riverboat fame saw out the lease as he bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedys widow in the next year or so.(Search 8066E, McCracken letters). Because the part of Rosebank between the railway and creek is split among four Melway maps it is difficult to calculate its area. However, using the south and north boundaries of 10 and 29 chains (obtained by deduction from dimensions in memorials), I have reckoned it as 4.5 + 10 + 4.5 acres.
In 1920-1, Mrs A.Walker was leasing 20 acres, on the creek and on the north side of Woodlands St, from Willy, close enough to my calculated 19 acres. Apart from the Rosebank estate, also listed in Woodland St were: Harry Hudson, house and land and Michael J.White 22 acres* and a house and 15/2? acres. Magdala was 33 acres, the park 10 acres, Mrs Walker had 20 acres, White had 22 acres and the last confused entry should be 15 acres; these add up exactly to the 100 acres purchased from Brewer 75 years earlier.
(* The same land Eleanore Barber had in 1900.White was either leasing the land or an agent for Barber.)

The first map, part of the 1860 Geological Survey, shows different allotment boundaries to those existing when section 16 was alienated in 1862 (n/e of Bulla Rd)
and 1865.

This was the old Town Common. It was surrounded by Treadwell Rd, the latitude of English St (Mawbeys Lane), Mawbey Rd ( later called Lincoln Rd or St) and Keilor Rd. Mawbey Rd, shown on the eastern boundary of section 15 in sketch of title 16466 of about 1882 and still known by that name in 1942 according to Harry Peck, ran along the eastern boundary to St Johns where John Mawby was leasing land from Lady Franklin in 1863. Search Certificate 11578 of 1890 shows that Mawbeys Lane ran between section 16 and section 23 to the north. (See section 23.)
These maps, from the sources specified above, show Mawbeys Rd and Mawbeys Lane.

The portion of section 16 east of Bulla Rd., in the Broadmeadows Road District, was sold in 1862 with W.Williams buying 8 of the 13 blocks of roughly 20 acres. His land occupied most of the area (between the N-S runway and Carnarvon-Arvon Rds) north of the freeway and south of the latitude of English St, which is the northern boundary of section 16.

Lot 13 (of 14 acres) bounded by Bulla Rd., Woodland St. and the eastern section boundary, Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.), went north far enough to include the Cranwell Ave. houseblocks. In 1863, Townsend Somerville, was leasing it from the grantee, R.Chance, and in 1879-80, Sommerville was rated on land with the same value as Theodore Napiers nearby 20 acre Magdala. House Names of Essendon calls Berrena, the home in 1882 of Essendons Clerk of Courts and Electoral Registrar but this might have been the name of a building in which his office was located. Commenting on Somervilles death, the Essendon Gazette of 10-9-1891 stated that hed lived on his Essendon property Summerhill for 40 years. Why was his name so seldom listed in directories for Essendon and never for Moonee Ponds (except as follows) and Ascot Vale? It is known that he spent the last two years of his life at present No. 26 Ardmillan Rd., Moonee Ponds, probably to be near a doctor. The 1888 directory for Essendon has him listed under Deep Creek Road as follows:
Mt.Alexander Rd. John Bruce (west side), Keating brick yard, Lincoln Rd., W.T.Kendall vet. Surgeon, Robert Spivey, Townsend Somerville.
There is fair evidence that lot 13 was Summerhill. It is likely that, in 1920-1, the house and 14 acre property was owned by Edward Wood. He was possibly a son of Mary Wood who had owned the nearby Essendon Hotel* for over half a century when she died on 26-4-1906. (* the Grand presently, formerly De Marcos.) For Somerville to have lived on lot 13 since 1851, he would have had to have leased the land from a squatter such as John Foster before the town common was declared and then been allowed to continue his occupancy by Chance from 22-7-1862. Certainly this location was handy to Keilor where he, as Clerk, and Charles Shuter, as Police Magistrate, conducted the Court of Petty Sessions every Tuesday in 1868. The courthouse later became the Shire Hall.

Incidentally the bends in the streets either side of Bulla Rd. (at Kerferd St. to the west and in the middle of Dublin Ave. etc.) were caused by a diamond shape in the subdivision plan, the northern half of it covered now by the airport.

Broadmeadows Road Board/Shire extended south to Woodland St on the eastern side of Bulla Rd (until 1979). By 1863, it seems that the Franklins had bought land in section 16. As Young and Morby (sic) were wholly occupying section 23, the farm (N.A.V. 90 pounds) that James Smith was leasing from Lady Franklin had to be in section 16. Williams still had land (N.A.V. 72 pounds and leased to Alex. Kearney), J.T.Smith had the 19 acres between the walking track and Carnarvon Rd, and Sommerville was leasing quite some house (N.A.V. 27 pounds) on the 14 acres (now bisected by Wood St) owned by R.Chance.
In 1880, Thomas Kelly had land (N.A.V. 134 pounds) in the Essendon Division. This was not the eastern part of section 23 because Robert McDougall was occupying that 200 acres (which Kelly had leased from 1871 and bought in 1875) so it had to be on section 16. Sommerville had bought Chances grant, which now had a N.A.V. of 50 pounds.
By 1900, Henry Carr had bought 44 acres on Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd. Michael Fox, a contractor of Keilor, had a small block on Essendon Hill, where he probably kept the horses and drays used to carry the sand he obtained from the Moonee Ponds Creek. Martin Delaney, also a contractor, was leasing 20 acres (lot 10, i.e.Alf Pearce Park) from J.Lyons. Jane Anderson and dairyman, Alfred Smith, also had small blocks. The rate collector only seems to account for about 70 of the 230 or so acres in the Broadmeadows portion of section 16.
The 1920 rates show that John S.Kelly (of Blair & Sons, Melb.) had 199 acres, Edward Wood the 14 acres bisected by Wood St and Thomas Lyons the 20 acres including A.Pearce Park. This rate collector, with the aid of geographical instead of alphabetical listings, was able to account for all of section 16 within the shire.
The confusion in 1900 might have been caused by subdivision. First Avenue, on lots 10 and 9 (both granted to Williams), was declared a Public Highway on 27-5-1887. Second Ave, obliterated by the freeway, was obviously part of the same subdivision. Due to the 1890s depression, the subdivision probably failed and much of the land would have been vacant.

The western part of section 16, under Keilor road board/ shire from 1863, seems to have been subdivided twice. The 1860 survey map (see start of section 16) shows it divided into lots 1-9 and 20 south of a road leaving Bulla Rd opposite Woodland St and running (parallel to Keilor Rd) almost to Treadwell Rd. It met another road running from the Keilor/ Treadwell Rd corner to the corner of English and Bulla (Wirraway) Rds, which separated lot 23 (adjoining 17B or Niddrie) and lot 22 which contained road metal quarries. Lot 25 takes in the area of Royal Ave and lot 24 the Orange Grove area. I presume lots 10-19 etc were to be on the east (Broad-meadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd. The Keilor Shire part of section 16 may have been sold three years later than the eastern half because the quarries on lot 22 were still required. (Perhaps until the quarry on William Dewars Glendewar at Tullamarine could supply enough Dewars metal to use on Bulla Rd. as the Keilor Roads Board had requested on 24-8-1867.)
Again in blocks of about 20 acres, continuing the diamond inside a quadrilateral pattern, and with Treadwell (Nomad) Rd. as its western boundary, the Keilor portion was sold to five men in 1865*. South of the freeway course, fiery and recently deposed Essendon councillor, B.J.Cooke bought the blocks fronting Keilor Rd. to about Birdwood Ave. and Dr. J.Harbinson, from Northern Ireland bought all the blocks on the northern side of Kerferd St and fronting Bulla Rd. Much of Cookes land became the Devonshire estate where streets were named after Premiers. The next few streets west were probably named just after the Prince of Wales visit in 1920. Officers of his ship, the Renown, planted pine trees along the river near Aberfeldie Park. Field Marshall Birdwood commanded Australian troops early in W.W.1. The land between Bulla Rd and Kerferd Rd was sold as the Royal Gardens Estate.
The land north of the freeway was bought by D.Mairs, T.G.Anderson, and Samuel Mansfield from Tullamarine. Mansfield farmed there for many decades. Sam had blocks between Birdwood Ave. and Treadwell Rd. as well, with the farmhouse near the s.w. corner of the airport. Mairs received the grants for about 73 acres between the intersection of the two runways and (almost) Vaughan St. By 1900, Walter Aitken was leasing (possibly from John English) a total of 113 acres. This land consisted of lots 29 and 32 (north of where eastbound Calder Freeway traffic tries to merge, granted to Anderson) and 31, 33-36 (Mairs grant). C.Aitken had been farming the same 113 acres in 1893.
The western 17 chains or 340 metres of the airport are part of Niddrie. (See 17B.)

This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St. John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres and in 1863 leased three farms to men such as John Morby*. Later Henry Stevenson of Niddrie bought 300 acres called St. Johns and Robert McDougall of Arundel had 200 acres to the east. John Hall was supposed to have owned part of section 23 north of an easterly extension of Moore St as part of South Wait according to a parish map but this could not be possible. Early this century, when Gordon Connor was being taken from Moonee Ponds to his Grandma Nashs Tullamarine farm every Christmas, Cam Taylors St. Johns was always green in summer because of Essendons nightsoil being dumped there. Jack Howse had South Wait, between Bulla Rd and the n/w part of section 23, on which he had a slaughteryard. On 3-8-1921, John George Taylor, probably Cams father, sold 91 acres of St. Johns to the Commonwealth Government. A 15 acre lot on section 16 was also purchased to enable sufficient length for the runway and eight days later St. Johns Field opened. On 7-8-1923, it was given the official title of Essendon Aerodrome. Cameron and J.G.Taylor might have been related to G.W.Taylor, who bought many properties in the late 1880s north of section 23, in the hope that a railway to Bulla would follow Bulla Rd; in case it hugged the west bank of the Saltwater River, he also bought section 18 land.
(* This spelling was used in Broadmeadows 1863 ratebook. Harry Peck spells it Mawby. The 1866 and 1871 Kensington directories, and title documents, spell the name Mawbey. Mawbey or Mawbeys Rd was an early name for Carnarvon Rd and was still being used in 1940 according to Harry Peck. Mawbeys Rd is shown on sketch of title 16466 of about 1882.) Mawbeys Lane separated sections 16 and 23.

Section 23 is east of Vickers Ave and north of English St with its s/e corner indicated by Lebanon Reserve. It was granted to Major George Frederick Berkley St John on 22-2-1843 and the part east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. St Johns corruption, as a police Magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, was exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner, his neighbour north east of the creek. According to C.P.Billot in The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner, St John sued Fawkner for libel in 1848 and won the case. However the costs awarded against Fawkner amounted to peanuts and embarrassment caused St John to resign his position.
Incidentally Billot manages to spell Berkeley a bit better than the titles office clerk responsible for search certificate 11578.
Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).
On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to Nursery Corner. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunns Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunns farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.
Running from the present Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, this section 15 land ran 295 links south from the Lebanon/Amar St corner to the Lebanon/ Melissa St corner. Franklin bought it from E.J.Brewster on 15-2-1847 for 48 pounds. Because the block was always referred to as part of section 23, there is no sketch of title in J.M.Englishs application for title No.46645. When Franklin died he gave Dame Jane, who had borne him no children, only her clothes and left his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This 12 acre block was fenced in 1882, possibly by John Murray Peck, but was never sold by Franklin. English claimed title through long occupation.
On 16-2-1863, Thomas Henry Lawson Young agreed to lease 419 acres at 294 pounds p.a. Young obviously did not see out the lease as on 1-6-1871 Henry Mawby bought 525 acres from Dame Jane Franklin. Earlier on 28-2-1871, Mawbey had memorialised a lease in duplicate in which Thomas Kelly agreed to pay him 200 pounds p.a. for 5 years for 200 acres (poorly described but probably the land later occupied by Robert McDougall.)

On 28-6-1871, Mawbey mortgaged section 23 to Bishop Charles Perry for 2500 pounds. By 9-10-1873, Mawbey was forced to mortgage it (now 521 acres) to Tondeur and Lempriere. He was now a meat preserver at Warrnambool and Mawbey, Collins & Co. owed money to the Melbourne merchants. Mawbey conveyed the 525 acres to Lempriere for 5645 pounds on 23-7-1874 and on 23-1-1875 his mortgage was cleared. On 23-2-1875, William George Lempriere leased 310 acres 23 perches (St Johns Farm) to Thomas Kelly and mortgaged this farm and the triangular 26 acre 1 rood 20 perches (the s/w corner of section 23 on the other side of Bulla Rd) to Joseph Henry Kay for 4000 pounds. On the same day, Thomas Kelly surrendered the lease on 200 acres (from Henry Mawby) that was memorialised on 21-2-1871. The lease had been intended to run for another year. Vol. 246 folio 901 memorialises a conveyance in fee of the next day in which Thomas Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 acres of section 23. On the next day (25th), Kelly mortgaged this 206 acre twice to Lempriere and his partner, Andrew Murray of Wool Wool (near Larpent) for 3500 pounds (V.246 f.902) and 1074 pounds 18 shillings (V.246 f.903).

Henry Stevenson paid Lempriere L7066/17/- on 23-3-1877 for St Johns Farm (310 acres) and the 26 and a bit acres at the s/w corner of section 23. By 1920 Cam Taylor was farming St Johns whose grass was green in the driest summer because of Essendons nightsoil. J.G.Taylor sold part of the farm to the government for Essendon Aerodrome not long after.
Lemprieres sale of the eastern 206 acres to Kelly seems to have been short-lived as, on 20-8-1880, Lempriere transferred the mortgage on this farm to John Ware from whom he received 3500 pounds.
Although no memorial has been found, Lempriere, or perhaps Kelly, seems to have sold or leased this land shortly afterwards to Robert McDougall who was assessed on 200 acres, Doutta Galla in 1879-80.
Broadmeadows rates of 1899-1900 show that it was owned by the Hodgson executors and had been farmed, along with Oak Park, by Robert Bryant and then Alexander Robertson who had just replaced him. (A parish map of about 1890 shows that Hodgson had 225 acres and Stevensons St Johns was now only 300 acres. It wrongly had the north western 1/3 of section 23 labelled John Hall; Stevenson and Hodgsons land totalled 525 acres, exactly the acreage of the part of section 23 n/e of Bulla Rd, so Hall couldnt have had any of it. His land consisted only of 22 B and D.)
My parish map shows section 23 as 515 acres 3 roods and 29 perches. The number of acres given seems to have resulted from a draughtsman transposing the tens and units figures. Memorials consistently show that the part of section 23 east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. When the 26 acre triangle, now bounded by Nomad Rd, Wirraway Rd and the English/ Vaughan St midline, is added, the total area of section 23 is 551 acres.
The 1920-1 ratebook lists John S.Kelly as renting two houses and a total of 199 acres from Blair and Sons. Kelly could have been a descendant of Thomas Kelly who, after leasing and then buying land in section 23, was recorded in 1879-80 as the owner of land in the Essendon Division (i.e. section 16). J.S.Kellys land was in the north-east half of section 16.

by itellya on 2014-04-14 10:26:56

Town puzzled by 100th birthday
THE Shire Council, the Anglican vicar and the townspeople of Broadmeadows are trying to work out what came first - their town or its Church of England.
The answer is proving hard to find, because nobody kept any record, and nobody
is old enough to remember. The riddle is important just now, because the church,
St. Paul's, will celebrate its centenary next month, and it will have to serve as the town's centenary, too. According to records of the vicar, the Rev. A. D. Canley, St.Paul's was built "substantially" and opened in August, 1850.

For many of Broadmeadows' 150 people, the celebration will be the greatest local event they can remember. Broadmeadows, 10.5 miles from Melbourne, has not changed much this century. Three houses have been built there in the last 40 years. The lack of growth was caused by the railway line being built two miles from the town. All the new development happened around the station. Then the farmers turned to grazing, and the farm workers drifted away. Even two wars had no effect.The army camp was in the district, but thousands of soldiers had no need to go through the town. The station was closer. Broadmeadows' oldest inhabitant, Mr. Edgar Wright, cannot
remember anything important happening in the town this century.Except for the time the pub was burnt down. (P.5,Argus,11-7-1950.)

The north eastern railway to Albury reached Broadmeadows in 1872 and with road traffic largely bypassing the township from the 1850's when Pascoe Vale Rd and Cliffords Rd provided a reasonably FLAT route to the new Sydney road,the historic township became a sleepy hollow. Edgar or Ted Wright learned his trade with his brother Fred at Tullamarine (Melway 5 D-E7)before setting up as a coach builder on the Fawkner St/Coopers Hill Drive corner occupied by the service station.

by itellya on 2014-04-28 20:29:05

An obituary for James Drain has been added to the Drain entry under Broadmeadows Township pioneers at the start of the journal.

by itellya on 2014-05-06 12:42:43


BUCHANAN.-In loving memory of our darling little baby, Joyce, accidentally drowned at "Glenroy Park," Broadmeadows, September 8,1919.
With Christ the friend of little children.-(Inserted by her loving father and mother,L. and E. Buchanan.) (P.1, Argus, 13-9-1923.)
The Buchanans were occupants of the farm.

The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 13 April 1916 p 2 Article
... Broadmeadows Land. In our business columns it is notified that tenders will be received by the National Trustees Co. up to noon on Wednesday, 19th inst., for a four years and three months' lease, from 1st May, of Glenroy Park, near Broadmeadows station. The property consists of 255 acres,and is occupied by Mr Joseph Kelly.

Messrs M'Phail Bros. and Co. report holding one of the most successful clearing sales ever held in the district, on account of Mr. W. W. Spooner, at Glenroy Park, Broadmeadows.(Healesville and Yarra Glen Guardian (Vic. : 1900 - 1942) Saturday 16 May 1903 Edition: MORNINGS. p 2 Article)

WALSH - On the 25th April (suddenly), at St.Elmo private hospital Moreland, Andrew
Thomas only son of the late Thomas and Honorah Walsh ,late* of Glenroy Park Broad-
meadows, loved brother of Mary (deceased) and Cis (Mrs.J. T. Jensen Preston) aged 28 years. (Privately interred Boroondara Cemetery, Kew) R.I.P.
(P.1, Argus,28-4-1924.)
*Advertisement for clearing sale in 1908 at the late Thomas Walsh's farm stated that it was half a mile from Broady station.
Half-mile from Railway Station, (P.3, Argus, 2-5-1908.)

"Broadmeadows railway station, and known as GLENROY PARK, now occupied by Mr Joseph Kelly, containing 265 acres, and being part of Crown Portion 6,parish of Will Will Rook, with 6-roomed brick house, conveniences, and outbuildings, 18 cow bails, well, windmill, and 3 dams.

Section 6 Will Will Rook consisted of 1143 acres and is bounded by Camp Rd,a line south from the east boundary of the Will Will Rook Cemetery to Hilton St and thence the line of Hilton St west to the Moonee Ponds Creek. About three eighths of that 1143 acres lies west of Pascoe Vale Rd, about 429 acres which I think was split into several properties,so I believe that Glenroy Park would have been most of the 344 acre Bayview Farm as shown on page 78 of Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.

It could have also been between the Moonee Ponds Creek and Pascoe Vale Rd, which would explain the drowning but this could just as easily happened in a dam or the Merlynston Creek near the Jack Roper Reserve site. If Glenroy Park had adjoined the Moonee Ponds Creek (on Dutton's), it would have been called by that name in the advertisement re leases at the end of this comment.
The northern boundary of Glenroy Park probably adjoined the south boundary of the Penola College land (part of Pasture Hill.)

This advertisement re leases on farms owned by the estate of the late Donald and Duncan Kennedy described farms north and east of Broadmeadows Township but I have only pasted DUTTONS which had to be between the Moonee Ponds Creek and Pascoe Vale Rd. The land to the east of Pascoe Vale had been sold in 1874 with John Kerr buying all the eastern part of section 6 (Pasture Hill and Bayview Farm.) As Spooner and Walsh had named Glenroy Park by this time,it was not on Kennedy land (Dutton's)so it must have been on Bayview Farm,leased from the Estate of John Kerr Senior.
(P.15, Argus, 9-10-1909.)

Iii TRUSTEES TNI CUTORS VND AG NOYtVlVII VN _ I IMin D No 412 Collins Btrect Mel
lmirne imite TI NDI IIS up to 23rd October forIt VSJS for the following I ARMS at BROVDII VDOHS anl GILNIIOV for n term o[ sevennn, from about 1st March W10 -

Lot 1 - Southern part DUTTON'S close Glenroy R.S. 231 acres, with brick dwelling Glenlynn " occupied by Mrs. Kerr. Watered by Moonee Ponds Creek. Fully three fourths can be cultivated.

Lot 2 -Northern part DUTTON'S close Broadmeadows RS. Watered by Moonee Ponds Creek and dam 307 acres and 20 perches of which about three-fourths can he cultivated.

by itellya on 2014-05-07 09:09:49

It's not a great time to lose your internet connection when you've spent over an hour correcting digitisation on trove and the changes can't be saved. In this case it was the advertisement (P.15, Argus,9-10-1909)in the previous comment. I'm sure I have mentioned the Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows Township and the sale of Donald Kennedy's portion of the Glenroy Estate (east of Pascoe Vale Rd) by his widow in 1874.

After Donald's death there was a bloke named Shannon assessed on Dundonald; Donald had married Jessie Grace SHANNON! This comment was going to be about the other farms that had been put up for lease in 1909 but I was so disheartened that I went on a bender, not drinking but a frenzy of trove exploration based on the previous comment.

The first mention of Glenroy in The Argus was in the late 1840's and mainly concerned Robert McDougall who suggested the best way to make and maintain the road from Five Mile Creek to "Glenroy" was to plough proper drains. George Gordon Cameron was kicked off Glenroy in 1860, having become insolvent. Thomas Dutton was on the part of Glenroy west of Pascoe Vale Rd by 1872 and until 1880 but may have been using it as a depot towards the end of his tenure. (Corop?) Thomas married John Beale's daughter and John Beale Jnr married a Dutton girl! (John Beale owned Shelton,about three quarters of the land bounded by Milleara Rd,Clark Rd, Rachelle Rd,and Buckey St in East Keilor. He retired to Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds,naming his house Shelton. )

A.Cameron continued the Cameron connection with Glenroy and became the President of the Shire of Broadmeadows. Donald Cameron settled Glenroy with Duncan Cameron in the 1830's but did not stay there long, soon moving to the Portland area where he owned over 6000 acres at the time of his death. (If I remember correctly Saint Mary McKillop was the governess to Donald Cameron's children and was his niece.)

See what I mean about a frenzy? Sorry that sources aren't quoted.

(Page numbers given below are from BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)
The main point of this comment was to be my amazement that Glenallen and "Dutton's" were part of the Kennedy Estate in 1909. Donald and Duncan Kennedy partitioned the Glenroy land in 1857 (P.79),with Duncan getting "Dutton's",fronting the east bank of Moonee Ponds Creek. In July 1887, Duncan signed a contract to sell his 1500 plus acres to James Chapman for 76 000 pounds. (P. 82.) Chapman probably sold some of the land before the 1890's depression but by 1892 was probably insolvent with the result that the unsold land reverted to Kennedy ownership. (Andrew Lemon did not mention this happening but it obviously did.)

As I remember, in Broadmeadows:A Forgotten History,Lemon mentioned that John Kerr Jnr. had established a dairy on "Glen Allan" but this seems to have been left out of the index. My frenzied search did reveal that John Jnr had lost two children during his time on the farm (which obviously ended before 1909.)

When transcribing Broady rates a quarter of a century ago,I was able to trace the various occupants of Glenallen because of its unusual acreage which matched no other farm in the shire. As in other shires owners of properties were probably not recorded and I naturally assumed that the occupiers were also the owners.

One question that arises is when the Kennedys had bought Glenallen. Donald had died in 1864,so it could be presumed that the land between Annette/ Wattle Glen and Pascoe Vale Rd had been bought before his death. His widow had sold her share of Glenroy in 1874 and his brother sold his share in 1887 so it would be doubtful that they'd bother buying other land nearby. As Glenallen was advertised as two farms in 1909,I was fortunate to find this 1882 advertisement.

To be LET by TENDER, GLENALLEN FARM,old Sydney road (now in occupation of Mr John
Kerr) 672 acres, more or less. Term, five years from 1st March, 1882. Particulars to be obtained from Messrs LYNCH and McDONALD, Market square,Collins street west, with whom tenders must be lodged on or before 1st February next.(P.8, Argus,18-1-1882.)

By 1909 the total acreage of Glenallen was only 523 acres.

Lot 3 - Eastern part "GLENALLEN" adjoining Broadmeadows R.S. Watered by creek.
Area -286 acres 1 rood 11 perches, the most of which can be cultivated.

Lot 4.-- Western part "GLENALLEN" comprising 237 acres 1 rood 9 perches. Watered
by creek. Practically all can be cultivated.

Trove results for Glenallen ended in the 1890's; the name had morphed to "Glen Allan". The Twomeys had been on Willowbank in 1909.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 22 August 1919 p 1 Family Notices
... TWOMEY - On the 20th August, at his residence, "Glen Allan", Broadmeadows, .
(Andrew Lemon mentions on page 108 that in 1909 John Twomey grew maize that was nine feet tall.)

The occupant with the German name is discussed elsewhere in the journal,if I remember properly, in the OAKLANDS HUNT report near the start or perhaps the Glenallan entry.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 4 May 1950 p 21 Article
... Stud records lost in fire ! The stud records of 26 pedigree horses were burnt by a fire that destroyed three rooms of Glen Allan stud farm, at Broadmeadows, early yesterday morning. Mr. Arthur Robert Parkinson, manager of the farm, said he was awakened by the crackling of flames

by itellya on 2014-05-07 10:03:57

Charles James Garrard was the grantee of section 10, Will Will Rook of 959 acres. This was bounded by a northerly extension of Ardlie St,Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows), a northern boundary 4000 links (4 cm on Melway)north of Kenny St indicated by the ends of Sinclair and Devenish Courts, Pascoe Vale Rd, a westerly extension of the line of Camp Rd to Moonee Ponds Creek,Lyons St and Kenny St.

From Ardlie St,this was divided into Willowbank (Allanbrae Estate)of 299 acres, Wattle Glen or Wattle Grove,195a. 2r. 8p.,Michael Corrigan's lot 5 in 1909 (accessed via Elizabeth St) and Glenallen,523 acres in 1909,a total of about 1017 acres so the northern boundary of some or all of these farms would have had to be a bit further north than that of Garrard's grant to provide the extra 58 acres.

Google WILL WILL ROOK,COUNTY OF BOURKE to inspect the parish map.

by itellya on 2014-05-10 06:49:56

See the Broadmeadows Historical Society Facebook page.

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