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TE HORETA NGATI WHANAUNGA - 1757 -------- 1821

Journal by edmondsallan

edmondsallan -Hello - I thought on the way home and heading toward Northland - NZ again , we might stop on the beach at ' Tapu ' or Thames - Coromandel ", have a rest - a bite to eat and gaze up the " Waitemata " at the islands . They are quite historical. I did research this area .
Here is a sample . " Te Horeta Ngati Whanaunga leader ".
Te Horeta, also known as Te Taniwha, was a leader of Ngati Whanaunga, one of the Maru-tuahu confederation of Hauraki Gulf and Coromandel Peninsula tribes. The names of his parents are not recorded. He may have been born about 1757, for he told Captain James Cook he was aged about 12 when the two met on Cook's visit to Mercury Bay in November 1769. In later years Te Horeta recalled his wonder at seeing these new people. Once others of his people had returned safely from the Endeavour , he overcame his fears and ventured on board with other children. He remembered Cook's kindness to him and his companions, and Cook's puzzlement, having asked the men to draw a chart of the coast on the deck, at the concept of reaching the Maori underworld via Te Reinga. Cook also gave the people a double handful of potatoes. This Te Horeta believed to be the decisive introduction of the potato into the Coromandel area. The potatoes were kept for seed, and within three years Ngati Whanaunga were able to hold a feast incorporating the new food. Te Horeta may have encountered Cook again when the Endeavour visited the Thames estuary two weeks later.
Te Horeta was probably involved in the many wars in which Ngati Whanaunga and the Maru-tuahu tribes participated in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. By about 1790 he had a daughter, Te Tahuri, who was of marriageable age. The name of Te Tahuri's mother is not known, but she had connections with Waikato and Ngati Whatua. Through these ties Te Horeta was drawn into a series of battles, in one of which Te Tahuri and her husband were killed. He was probably also involved in the wars of Ngati Paoa against Te Kawerau, a tribe of the Auckland isthmus. In the mid 1790s, after the murder of a Ngati Whanaunga leader, Ngati Paoa, Ngati Maru and Ngati Whanaunga embarked on a campaign against Nga Puhi of the Bay of Islands. The Maru-tuahu tribes twice invaded the Bay of Islands, first attacking the people of Te Rawhiti, and then inflicting a heavy defeat on Nga Puhi in their heartland at Puketona, in a battle known as Wai-whariki. Some years later, about 1819, Korokoro of Te Rawhiti, allied with Te Haupa of Ngati Paoa, led a war party against the Coromandel tribes to avenge these defeats. They attacked various Ngati Maru pa as well as those in the Colville area, in the north-west of the Coromandel Peninsula, and Te Horeta's people at Waiau further south. Korokoro's party had returned to the Bay of Islands by January 1820.
In March 1820 Te Horeta appears to have joined the expedition of Te Morenga of Taiamai, Bay of Islands, on its return from Tauranga. On 25 May 1820, with Te Morenga, he visited the British naval storeship Dromedary , which was anchored near Waikare, in the Bay of Islands. He may have played some part in convincing Captain Thomas Downie of the Dromedary 's companion ship Coromandel to seek the desired cargo of kauri spars in his area, for on 7 June 1820 he returned home on the Coromandel with Te Morenga and the missionary Samuel Marsden. On his arrival he found that Te Haupa had attacked Te Puhi of Ngati Maru, whose village at Taruru was not far from a settlement of Te Horeta. Marsden visited both villages and described Te Puhi and Te Horeta as 'very tall, fine, handsome men'. Te Horeta assisted Downie to obtain his cargo by directing him to the finest and most accessible stands of kauri, and the Coromandel then moved on to Te Horeta's main settlement at Waiau, which was afterwards known as Coromandel Harbour. When Marsden expressed his desire to visit Waikato Te Horeta sent a messenger to inform Waikato leaders; Marsden was persuaded to abandon this journey, however, because of the bad weather and rough terrain. After the missionary's return from his visit to Tauranga with Te Morenga he carried out his promise to make peace between Te Puhi and Te Hinaki of Ngati Paoa. Marsden brought the two leaders together, but it was Te Horeta and Te Morenga who mediated between them. Te Horeta also helped to mediate between the local ariki and a subordinate leader accused of theft.
When the Dromedary entered Coromandel Harbour on 23 August Te Horeta, accompanied by all his people, performed a waiata of welcome on the deck. Ngati Whanaunga were encouraged by the protection offered by the ships' presence to emerge from the inland valleys, to which they had fled from Nga Puhi attacks, and they played generous hosts to their visitors. On the departure of the Coromandel in December, Te Horeta, together with Te Hinaki and two other leaders, took the opportunity to visit Sydney, New South Wales. He was still there when Hongi Hika and Waikato arrived in May 1821 on their way home from London, England. Te Horeta had intended to visit Europe, but Hongi and Waikato dissuaded him from going because of the length of the voyage and the severity of the climate. Marsden intervened, obtaining passages to New Zealand for Te Horeta and his companions on the Westmoreland , but Te Horeta objected to this unless he was landed at Thames, fearing being killed at the Bay of Islands because of the unresolved conflict between Ngati Whanaunga and Nga Puhi. Marsden subsequently arranged him a passage on the Active , but it is not clear when Te Horeta and Te Hinaki returned to New Zealand. They were still in Sydney when the Westmoreland arrived at the Bay of Islands with Hongi and Waikato on board on 11 July 1821.
The more I research I doon many NZ maori tribes , the more suprised I get at the number of them that either went overseas or were trying to go overseas .The rumour that they were in general a " uneducated race of people " I believe is not able to be justified . Some , of high ranking were deliberately sent over seas to Learn all about the Pakeha & his outside world . Till we meet again - Regards -edmondsallan

Surnames: TEHORETA
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by edmondsallan Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2010-12-01 16:54:37

edmondsallan , from auckland .nz , has been a Family Tree Circles member since Aug 2010. is researching the following names: CLAYTON, EDMONDS.

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