Liquor Licenses granted in the Colony of New South Wales 1810
Below is a list of the first legal licenses for the sale of wines and spirits in Sydney and surrounds including the important preamble, which I've transcribed from the The Sydney Gazette Saturday 17 February 1810 I've also added the hotels I have knowledge of the new licensee's owning at the time
Friday, 16th Feb. 1810,
The very great and unnccessary number of licensed houses for retailing Wines and Spirituous Liquors that have hitherto been allowed to exist in the town of Sydney, and adjacent Districts, cannot fail of being productive of the most mischievous and baneful effects on the morals and industry of the lower part of the community, and must inevitably lead to a profligacy of manners, dissipation, and idleness.
In view, therefore, to check these evils, as well as in the hope of its awaking sentiments of morality, and a spirit of industry amongst the lower orders of the people, His Excellency the Governor has deemed it his indispensible duty to make a reduction of the number of the Licensed Houses for Retailing Spirits, &c. and no more than the following number in the town and adjacent districts will be hereafter allowed on any account whatsoever; namely, twenty houses in the town of Sydney; One at the Half way House on the Road between Sydney and Parramatta , Three in the Town of Parramatta; One at the Half-way House between Sydney and Hawkesbury ; and Six at Hawkesbury and adjacent Districts.
As the Governor conceives the foregoing numbers to be fully sufficient for the use and convenience of the public, he is resolved to punish most severely any one presuming to sell Spirituous Liquors or Wines without a regular license : -
Any Person, therefore, retailing or attempting to retail Wines or Spirituos Liquors without a License, after the Promulgation of this Order, will be fined in the Sum of Twenty Pounds Sterling, besides forfeiting the whole Stock of Wines or Liquors found in their Possession - Half of which Wines and Liquors to go to the Informer, and the other Half to the Crown.
Those Persons who have now got Licenses having paid a Tax of Twenty Pounds to Government for a Renewal of them, and found besides two respectable inhabitants to go security for their good behaviour, and keeping orderly houses, the Governor indulges a hope they will not forfeit them by any improper or irregular Conduct; and that they will not abuse the recomendations sent in to him in their behalf.
Names of Persons to whom Licenses have been granted at Sydney;
John Driver, Clarence St. later called York Ranger by Mary Driver
William H. Mansell
Michael Hayes, George St., North,later occupied by Mrs Mary Reibey
Joseph Inch, Pitt St. in 1818 it was called 'The Bunch of Grapes'
Richard Guise - the Jolly Sailor in Kent St
Richard Cheers -' Black Bull'-corner of George St.& Middlesex Lane
Mary Reiby - 'Reiby's' George ST.
By Command of His Excellency
John Thomas Campbell, Secretary.