The PLANTAGENET Royal Family is related to the MCKINNON's
The Plantagenets were the longest lasting and perhaps the most colorful of the English monarchical families. Richard The Lionheart is the likely model for Robin Hood and Richards brother King John is the likely impetus for the infamous Sheriff of Nottingham. William Shakespeare found the Plantagenets fertile ground for his plays:
Alls Well That Ends Well ..Henry II, Part 1
As You Like It Henry IV, Part 2
The Comedy of Errors .Henry V
Cymbeline . .Henry VI, Part 1
Loves Labour Lost Henry VI, Part 2
Measure For Measure ..Henry VI, Part 3
The Merchant of Venice ..King John
A Midsummer Nights Dream ..Richard II
Much Ado about Nothing Richard III
I am providing a quick ancestral diagram next for those uninterested in the history of the Plantagenet's.
Geoffrey Plantagenet V Count of Anjou (1113 - 1151)
relationship to you: husband of 28th great grand aunt
Matilda or Maud Princess of England (1102 - 1169)
Wife of Geoffrey
Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1068 - 1135)
Father of Matilda or Maud
Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1090 - 1147)
Son of Henry
William Fitz Robert 2nd Earl of Gloucester (1116 - 1183)
Son of Robert
Amicia Fitz Robert Countess of Gloucester (1160 - 1224)
Daughter of William
Gilbert III 5th Earl of Hertford 6th Earl of Gloucester de Clare (1180 - 1230)
Son of Amicia
Isabel de Clare of Gloucester and Hertford (1226 - 1275)
Daughter of Gilbert III 5th Earl of Hertford 6th Earl of Gloucester
Robert "Sir" "The Competiter" De Bruce 5th Lord of Annandale (1243 - 1304)
Son of Isabel
Robert I De Brus (1274 - 1329)
Son of Robert "Sir" "The Competiter"
Marjorie Bruce (1296 - 1316)
Daughter of Robert I
Robert II (King of Scotland) Stewart (1316 - 1390)
Son of Marjorie
Robert III (King of Scotland) Stewart (1337 - 1406)
Son of Robert II (King of Scotland)
Mary (Princess of Scotland) Stewart (1380 - 1458)
Daughter of Robert III (King of Scotland)
Gilbert (1st Lord Kennedy) Kennedy (1396 - 1478)
Son of Mary (Princess of Scotland)
John "2nd Lord Kennedy" Kennedy (1436 - 1508)
Son of Gilbert (1st Lord Kennedy)
Mary (Lady) Kennedy (1460 - 1510)
Daughter of John "2nd Lord Kennedy"
Alexander Vans (1501 - )
Son of Mary (Lady)
John (Sir) Vans ( - 1547)
Son of Alexander
Patrick (Sir) Vans (1550 - 1568)
Son of John (Sir)
John (Sir) Vans (1575 - 1642)
Son of Patrick (Sir)
John "Rector Of Kilmacreenan' Vans (1593 - 1662)
Son of John (Sir)
Lancelot "Doctor" Vans (1630 - 1688)
Son of John "Rector Of Kilmacreenan'
John Vance (1650 - 1710)
Son of Lancelot "Doctor"
Andrew Vance (1666 - 1740)
Son of John
John Sr. Vance (1693 - 1760)
Son of Andrew
Hannah Vance (1732 - 1817)
Daughter of John Sr.
Sarah Sally Crawford (1748 - 1838)
Daughter of Hannah
Nancy Harrison (1772 - 1856)
Daughter of Sarah Sally
Thomas Dillow McKinnon (1809 - 1882)
Son of Nancy
Robert Jackson, SR. McKinnon (1837 - 1920)
Son of Thomas Dillow
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon (1863 - 1932)
Son of Robert Jackson, SR.
Clarence Roy McKinnon (1889 - 1959)
Son of Robert Jackson Jr,
Dale Lynn McKinnon
You are the son of Clarence Roy
Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, 1113-1151
Matilda or Maud Princess of England, 1102-1169
Issue of Geoffrey and Matilda, were Henry, Geoffrey and William
On 17 June 1128 Geoffrey married Empress Matilda, the daughter and heiress of King Henry I of England by his first wife Edith of Scotland, and widow of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. The marriage was meant to seal a peace between England/Normandy and Anjou. She was eleven years older than Geoffrey, very proud of her status as an Empress (as opposed to being a mere Countess). Their marriage was a stormy one with frequent long separations, but she bore him three sons William, Henry and Geoffrey.
Henry Plantagenet II, King of England, 1132-1189
Eleanor Duchess of Aquitaine, 1122-1204
Issue of Henry and Eleanor: William, Henry, Matilda, Richard, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan and John
A little history: John was the son of King Henry II and Queen Eleanor (of Aquitaine) and the younger brother of King Richard I, known as the Lion-Heart. Henry II was a great king, establishing peace and order, instituting much reform, and establishing courts of law. When Henry died (1189) his eldest son Richard succeeded to the throne. Due to Richard's fighting in the Crusades he was gone from England quite a bit. Thus, power became a bit decentralized and local lords (barons and earls) gained more influence. Richard died in 1199 without an heir, so his younger brother John came to the throne. John attempted to re-assert the power of the throne, and was successful to a degree. However, after the ten years of Richard's reign and his frequent absences, the barons were resentful at the occasionally brutal lengths King John went to in exercising the power of the royal court.
The barons and earls forced the King to give them many "rights" (not exactly how we think of them today), including a jury of one's peers, prosecutors having to prove guilt rather than a person having to prove his innocence (this was quite radical, and its importance cannot be overstated), and the right to silence. It also led to the eventual establishment of Parliament, and the idea of the people having a say in their government. These rights, enshrined in Magna Carta in 1215, are the foundation of the common law, principles of which form the basis of the law systems of many English-speaking nations today. (They are key elements to our Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.)
Now, about his being bad. Remember that his reign was during the heyday of Robin Hood, and John was the villain in that legend (though as Prince John). Part of it may then rest on his role in that legend. Probably it is meant to reflect a particularly contentious period in British history. When John died in 1216 his young son Henry became king (Henry III). Because Henry III was a boy king, it took many years before the antagonism between the throne and the local lords subsided. Henry II reigned for 56 years, which helped restore stability and peace to the political life of the nation.
Incidentally, we may not be the only ones who consider John a bad king. Since his death almost 700 years ago, there has never been another King John, and the name is rarely given out to royal male children. It appears even his descendants don't want to take a chance with the name.
Richard Plantagenet I, The Lionheart, 1157-1199
Issue of Richard:Unmarried
Richard the Lionheart, the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was born in Oxford in 1157. While still a child, he was granted the duchy of Aquitaine. Encouraged by his mother, in 1173 Richard joined his brothers Henry and Geoffrey in the rebellion against their father.
When Henry II died in 1189, Richard was the eldest surviving son and therefore became king of England, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou. Soon afterwards, Richard took part in the Third Crusade. Considered to be the best military commander in the Christian world, his army managed to defeat Saladin, the Muslim leader, at Arsuf in 1191.
On his way home Richard was captured by Duke Leopold of Austria. While his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, was busy raising the £70,000 ransom money, Richard's younger brother John tried to seize the throne. Richard was released in 1194 and he spent the next couple of years winning back the territory he had lost while he had been away.
In 1199, while carrying out a siege on a castle, Richard was killed by a crossbow bolt. Richard did not have any children and before he died he arranged for his younger brother John to inherit the throne
John Plantagenet, King of England,, 1167=1216 (John is brother of Richard)
Isabella Angoluleme,, 1180-1246
Issue of John and Isabella: Henry, Richard, Joan, Isabella and Eleanor
John Lackland, King of England
Born about December 27, 1166 at Oxford.
Crowned King of England on May 27, 1199 at Westminster Abbey.
Died on October 19, 1216 at Newark.
This is the notorious King John who, under considerable pressure, granted the Magna Charta and then attempted to welsh on the deal. King John is perhaps best remembered as the arch enemy of the legendary outlaw Robin Hood. John was known as "Lackland" because he originally had only a few separate land holdings; but he ended up ruling the huge Angevin Empire when he became king following the death of his brother King Richard. John eventually lost many of his French possessions.
John took a close interest in the details of governmental and legal business; but he was endlessly suspicious of his own barons and he forced many confrontations, not the least of which resulted in the barons forcing King John to sign the Magna Charta.
John had a big argument with Pope Innocent III over the appointment of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury. John refused to accept Langton and the pope eventually retaliated by excommunicating John in 1209. At this point, John is said to have sent an embassy to Spain consisting of a priest known as Robert of London and two knights, Thomas de Erdington and Ralph Fitz Nicholas. The three men conferred with the Islamic Emir Al Mounenim also known as Mohammed Al Nassir and they were alleged to have proposed some sort of a deal whereby John would switch to the Islamic faith if the powerful Emir would support him as King of England. Of course, John likely intended to welsh on the deal and the Emir declined the offer anyway.
Henry PLantagent III, King of England, 1207-1272
Eleanor of Provence, 1221-1291
Issue of Henry and Eleanor: Edward, Margaret, Beatrice, Edmund, Richard, John, Katherine and Henry
Henry III, King of England was born on 1 October 1207 at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England.3 He was the son of John I 'Lackland', King of England and Isabella d'Angoulême. He married Eleanor of Provence, daughter of Raimond Berengar V, Comte de Provence and Beatrice di Savoia, on 14 January 1236 at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.3 He died on 16 November 1272 at age 65 at Westminster Palace, Westminster, London, England.4 He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4
Henry III, King of England succeeded to the title of King Henry III of England on 19 October 1216.3 He was crowned King of England on 28 October 1216 at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, and styled 'Rex Anglaie, Dominus Hiberniae, Dux Normanniae, et Dux Aquitaniae.1,5' He abdicated as Duke of Normandy in December 1259.3 He fought in the Battle of Lewes on 14 May 1264, where he was taken priosner by the rebellious barons.6
He was only 9 years old when he came to the throne which he occupied for 56 years. While he was a minor the land was ruled by the Earl of Pembroke and Hubert de Burgh. His personal rule was weak and ineffective. Many followers from his wife's country were given important positions and the English barons became restless. By 1258 Henry was compelled to hand power to these barons, led by Simon de Monfort. War broke out between the barons and Henry, and he was defeated and made prisoner at Lewes. He had to agree that a new Great Council or Parliament, as it was now called for the first time, be set up. The members of this parliament would be chosen half by the King and half by the barons. In 1265 his son Edward defeated the barons at Evesham and de Monfort was killed. After this, although Henry remained King, the real ruler was Edward. Henry's most lasting contribution to his country was his advancement of the design of Gothic architecture. In particular he instituted the building of a new Abbey at Westminster and in Oct 1269 the relics of the Saint, Edward the Confessor, were laid in a shrine behind its altar. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.7
Children of Henry III, King of England and Eleanor of Provence
Edward I 'Longshanks', King of England b. 17 Jun 1239, d. 7 Jul 1307
Margaret of England, Princess of England b. 29 Sep 1240, d. 26 Feb 1275
Beatrice of England b. 25 Jun 1242, d. 24 Mar 1275
Edmund 'Crouchback' Plantagenet, Earl of Leicester b. 16 Jan 1245, d. 5 Jun 1296
Ri chard of England b. c 1247, d. b 1256
John of England b. c 1250, d. b 1256
William of England b. c 1251, d. c 1256
Katherine of England b. 25 Nov 1253, d. 3 May 1257
Henry of England b. a 1256, d. c 1257
Edward Plantagenet I, Longshanks, 1239-1307
Eleanor of Castile, 1244-1290
Issue of Edward and Eleanor: Eleanor, John, Henry, Julian, Joan, Alfonso, Margaret, Berengaria, Mary, Alice, Isabella, Elizabeth, Edward, Beatrice and Blanche
Edward was a noted castle builder, including the northern Welsh Conway castle, Caernarvon castle, Beaumaris castle, and Harlech castle. He was also responsible for building bestrides to defend the English position in France.
Edward learns that he has succeeded to the throne on his way home from the Crusade
Edward is crowned in Westminster Abbey
Edward invades North Wales and defeats Llywelyn ap Gruffydd the last ruler of an independent Wales
Independence of the Welsh is ended by the Statute of Rhuddlan
Edward' s wife Eleanor dies at Harby in Nottinghamshire. Her body is brought back to London and a cross erected at each stop along the journey - Geddington, Hardingston, Waltham, and the most famous at Charing Cross.
Edward chooses John Balliol to be the new King of Scotland
Model Parliament is summoned
John Balliol reneges on his allegiance to Edward and signs alliance with King Philip IV of France
Edward invades Scotland, defeats the Scots at Dunbar and deposes Balliol. He then takes over the throne of Scotland and removes the Stone of Scone to Westminster.
Scots rise against English rule and, led by William Wallace, defeat Edward at the Battle of Stirling Bridge
Edward invades Scotland again and defeats William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk
Edward marries Margaret of France
Edward makes his son Prince of Wales, a title conferred on every first born son of the monarchy ever since.
William Wallace is executed in London.
Robert Bruce is crowned King of Scotland
Edward attempts to invade Scotland again, but dies on his way north
Edward Plantagenet II, King of England, 1284-1327
Isabella of France, 1292-1358
Issue of Edward and Isabella: Edward, John, Eleanor and Joan
Invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301. Reigned 1307-1327 deposed and murdered. His reign was troubled by extravagances, his militarist disasters in Scotland notably at Bannockburn (1314) and unpopularity of his favorite peers Gaveston (d. 1312) and Hugh le Despencer. He was deposed by his wife and her lover, Roger Mortimer, 1º E. March, on 21 Jan 1327, and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels.
Edward Plantagenet III, King of England, 1312-1377
Phillipa of Hainault, 1311-1369
Issue of Edward and Phillipa: Edward, Isabel, Joan, Lionel. John, Edmund, Mary, Margaret, Thomas
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This article is about the King of England. For the play attributed to William Shakespeare, see Edward III (play).
Edward IIIKing of England; Lord of Ireland (more...)Reign25 January 1327 21 June 1377 (50 years)Coronation1 February 1327PredecessorEdward IIRegentRoger Mortimer, Earl of March
& Queen Isabella (de facto)
Council inc. Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (13271330; de jure)SuccessorRichard IIConsortPhilippa of HainaultIssueEdward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"
Isabella, Dame de Coucy
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
Mary, Duchess of Brittany
Margaret Plantagenet, Countess of Pembroke
Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester
Titles and stylesThe King
The Earl of Chester
Duke of Aquitaine
Edward of WindsorRoyal houseHouse of PlantagenetFatherEdward IIMotherIsabella of FranceBorn13 November 1312
Windsor Castle, BerkshireDied21 June 1377 (aged 64)
Sheen Palace, RichmondBurialWestminster Abbey, London
Edward III (13 November 1312 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into the most efficient military power in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislature and governmentin particular the evolution of the English parliamentas well as the ravages of the Black Death. He remained on the throne for 50 years; no English monarch had reigned for as long since Henry III, and none would again until George III.
Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, he led a coup against his regent, Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. After defeating, but not subjugating, the Kingdom of Scotland, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1340, starting what would be known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crécy and Poitiers led up to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny. Edwards later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inertia and eventual bad health.
Edward III was a temperamental man, but also capable of great clemency. He was, in most ways, a conventional king, mainly interested in warfare. Highly revered in his own time and for centuries after, Edward was denounced as an irresponsible adventurer by later Whig historians. This view has turned, and modern historiography credits him with many achievements.
Edward, Prince of Wales, The Black Prince, 1330-1376
Joan, countess of Kent, 1328-1385
Issue of Edward and Joan: Edward and Richard
Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 8 June 1376), popularly known as the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. Edward, an exceptional military leader and popular during his life, died one year before his father and so never ruled as king (becoming the first English Prince of Wales to suffer that fate). The throne passed instead to his son Richard, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
Richard Plantagenet II, King of England, 1367-1400
Ann de Bohemia, 1366-1394
Isabella de Valois, 1389-1409
Issue of Edward: None
Born: January 6, 1367
House of: Plantagenet
Ascended to the throne: June 22, 1377
Crowned: July 16, 1377 at Westminster
Married: (1) Anne of Bohemia, (2) Isabella, nine year old daughter of Charles V1 of France
Died: Febuary 14, 1400 at Pontefract Castle
Buried at: Langley reburied Westminster
King of England from 1377, effectively from 1389, son of Edward the Black Prince. He reigned in conflict with Parliament; they executed some of his associates in 1388, and he executed some of the opposing barons in 1397, whereupon he made himself absolute. Two years later, forced to abdicate in favour of Henry IV, he was jailed and probably assassinated.
In 1381 Richard was faced with the Peasants' Revolt, a result of the imposition of the Poll Tax in 1380. The leader of the Revolt, Wat Tyler, was stabbed and killed at Smithfield by the Lord Mayor of London, fearing for the safety of the king. Richard's apparent courage in facing the mobs gathered at Mile End and Smithfield also contributed to the failure of the uprising.
Richard was born in Bordeaux. He succeeded his grandfather Edward III when only ten, the government being in the hands of a council of regency. His fondness for favourites resulted in conflicts with Parliament, and in 1388 the baronial party, headed by the Duke of Gloucester, had many of his friends executed. Richard recovered control in 1389, and ruled moderately until 1397, when he had Gloucester murdered and his other leading opponents executed or banished, and assumed absolute power. In 1399 his cousin Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford (later Henry IV), returned from exile to lead a revolt; Richard II was deposed by Parliament and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle, where he died mysteriously.
John Plantagenet, Sir John Gaunt, 2nd Duke of Lancaster, 1340 1399 (John is another son of Edward III)
Blanche Plantagenet of Lancaster, 1345-1369
Issue of John and Blanche: Isabel, John, John, Phjllipa, Elizabeth, Henry and Edward
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Aquitaine (6 March 1340 3 February 1399) was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He gained his name "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent (in today's Belgium), then called Gaunt in English. John exercised great influence over the English throne during the minority reign of his nephew, Richard II, and during the ensuing periods of political strife, but was not thought to have been among the opponents of the King.
John of Gaunt's legitimate male heirs, the Lancasters, included Kings Henry IV, Henry V, andHenry VI.
John's legitimate descendants also included his daughters Philippa of Lancaster, Queen consortof John I of Portugal and mother of King Edward of Portugal, known as "Duarte" in Portuguese. John was also the father of Elizabeth, Duchess of Exeter, the mother of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter through his first wife, Blanche; and by his second wife, Constance, John was the father of Katherine of Lancaster, Queen consort of Henry III of Castile, granddaughter of Peter of Castile and mother of John II of Castile.
John of Gaunt fathered five children outside marriage, one early in life by one of his mother's ladies-in-waiting, and four, surnamed "Beaufort," by Katherine Swynford, Gaunt's long-term mistress and eventual third wife. The four Beaufort children, three sons and a daughter, were legitimized by royal and papal decrees after John married Katherine in 1396. Descendants of the marriage to Katherine Swynford included their son Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and eventually Cardinal; their granddaughter Cecily Neville, mother to Kings Edward IV and Richard III; and their great-great-grandson Henry Tudor, who became King of England after the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 and established the House of Tudor.
When John of Gaunt died in 1399, his estates were declared forfeit to the crown, as King Richard II had exiled John's son and heir, Henry Bolingbroke, in 1398. Bolingbroke and Richard II were first cousins; their fathers were brothers. Bolingbroke returned from exile to reclaim his confiscated inheritance and deposed the unpopular Richard. Bolingbroke then reigned as King Henry IV of England (13991413), the first of the descendants of John of Gaunt to hold the throne of England.
John of Gaunt was buried alongside his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, in the nave of Old St. Paul's Cathedral in an alabaster tomb designed by Henry Yevele (similar to that of his son inCanterbury Cathedral).
Henry Plantagenet.IV, King of England, 1367-1412
Mary de Bohun, 1368-1394
Issue of Henry and Mary: Humphrey, John, Phillipa, Thomas, Blanche and Henry
Born: April 4, 1366 at Bolingbroke Castle
House of: Lancaster
Ascended to the throne: September 30, 1399
Crowned: October 13, 1399 at Westminster
Married: (1) Mary de Bohun, (2) Mary, Daughter of Charles 11 of Nararre
Children: Five sons and two daughters
Died: March 20, 1413 at Westminster Abbey
Buried at: Canterbury
King of England from 1399, the son of John of Gaunt. In 1398 he was banished by Richard II but returned in 1399 to head a revolt and be accepted as king by Parliament. He was succeeded by his son Henry V.
He had difficulty in keeping the support of Parliament and the clergy, and had to deal with baronial unrest and Owen Glendower's rising in Wales. In order to win support he had to conciliate the Church by a law for the burning of heretics, and to make many concessions to Parliament. The Percy family was defeated at Shrewsbury in 1403, and the Earl of Northumberland was beaten at Bramham Moor in 1408.
Mary de Bohun (c. 1369 4 June 1394), was the first wife of King Henry IV of England and the mother of King Henry V, but was never queen, as she died before her husband came to the throne.
Mary was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan FitzAlan (1347-1419), the daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Through her mother, Mary was descended from Llywelyn the Great.
Mary and her elder sister, Eleanor de Bohun, were the heiresses of their father's possessions. Eleanor became the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, first Duke of Gloucester, the youngest child of Edward III.
Henry Plantagenet V, King of England, 1387-1422
Catherine of Valois, 1401-1437
Henry V, King of England 1
Henry V Plantagenet, King of England was born on 9 August 1387 at Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. He was the son of Henry IV, King of England and Lady Mary de Bohun. He married Catherine de France, daughter of Charles VI, Roi de France and Isabelle von Bayern, on 2 June 1420 at Troyes Cathedral, Troyes, Champagne, France. He died on 31 August 1422 at age 35 at Bois de Vincennes Castle, Île-de-France, France, from dysentery. He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.
Henry V Plantagenet, King of England was also known as Henry of Monmouth.He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1399. He was created 1st Earl of Chester [ENGLAND] on 15 October 1399. He was created Prince of Wales on 15 October 1399. He was created 1st Duke of Cornwall[ENGLAND] on 15 October 1399. He was created 1st Duke of Lancaster [ENGLAND] on 10 November 1399. He was created Duke of Aquitaine [ENGLAND] on 10 November 1399. He succeeded to the title ofKing Henry V of England on 20 March 1413. He was crowned King of England on 9 April 1413 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae.
Henry settled the differences between the Court and nobility that had marred the previous reign but ruthlessly put down the Lollards. Civil war broke out in France and Henry was determined to make the most of this. He first reinforced his fleet, then on 11 August 1415 he sailed from Southampton for the mouth of the Seine. His objective was the throne of France. He marched through France with an army of about 5,000 including 4,000 long-bowmen. At 11.00am on Friday 25 October 1415, St Crispin's Day, he met a French army of 20,000 at Agincourt. The French lost nearly 10,000 to his 400. The long bow had again proved virtually unbeatable. A shadow was cast over this victory because the English killed all their prisoners. In May 1420 Charles VI of France recognised Henry as heir to the French throne and as Regent during Charles' lifetime. At home, Henry had the body of the murdered Richard II reburied at Westminster. Henry had a very strong sense of justice; he had no favourites and brooked no nepotism. He was strong willed and competent but could be cruel. Generally, his subjects loved him. His ambition was to lead Western Europe on a Holy Crusade. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.
Child of Henry V Plantagenet, King of England and Catherine de France
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England+ b. 6 Dec 1421, d. 21 May 1471
Henry Plantagenet VI, King of England, 1421-1471
Margaret of Anjou, 1430-1482
Issue of Henry and Margaret: Edward
Henry Plantagenet VI, King of Eng. Margaret of Anjou
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England was born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was the son of Henry V Plantagenet, King of England and Catherinede France. He married Margaret d'Anjou, daughter of René I 'the Good', Duc d'Anjou and Isabel deLorraine, on 22 April 1445 at Titchfield Abbey, Titchfield, Hampshire, England. He died on 21 May 1471 at age 49 at Tower of London, The City, London, England, murdered. He was buried in 1485 at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was buried at Chertsey Abbey, Surrey, England.
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England succeeded to the title of King Henry VI of England on 31 August 1422. He succeeded to the title of Roi Henry de France on 11 October 1422. He was crowned King of England on 6 November 1429 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae. He was crowned King of France on 17 December 1431 at Notre Dame de Clery, France. He was deposed as King of England on 4 March 1461. He gained the title of King Henry VI of England on 30 October 1470, known as 'the Readeption'. He was deposed as King of England on 11 April 1471.
He was less than a year old on accession. Within two months, on the death of Charles VI of France, he was also in name, King of France. In a long and costly series of wars, all French possessions were lost except Calais. The French artillery was supreme and Joan of Arc played a notable part in the French victories. The English burned her at the stake for heresy and sorcery in Rouen on 30 May 1431. The Hundred Years' war ended with the defeat of the English at Castillon in 1453. King Henry was a weak 'pawn' in the hands of a strong Queen and powerful Knights. He became insane in 1453 and Queen Margaret fought on his behalf. The Wars of the Roses began in 1455, the factions symbolized by badges depicting the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster. Henry was seized by Yorkists in 1460 and forced to acknowledge York as his heir. Lancastrians recaptured Henry in 1461 but Yorkists declared him deposed and Edward, Duke of York declared King. Henry again fell into Yorkist hands (1465), but was briefly (1470-1) restored to the throne by former Yorkist supporter Richard Neville, 15th Earl of Warwick, who governed in Henry's name. Edward again ousted him and Henry was thrown into captivity in the Tower and put to death on Tuesday 21st May 1471. Henry was completely unsuited for his position, especially after he lost his sanity. He founded Eton College in 1440 and King's College, Cambridge in 1441. Henry started his reign at the age of 9 months, the youngest of any English Monarch. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.
Edward Plantagenet, Prince of Wales, 1453-1471
Lady Ann Neville, 1456-1485
Issue of Edward and Ann: No Isssue
EDWARD, Prince of Wales, born 13 October 1453, married August 1470, Lady Anne Nevill, 2nd daughter and co-heir of Richard, Earl of Warwick, and died without issue in the lifetime of his father, killed in battle at Tewkesbury, 4 May, 1471. His widow married 2ndly, circa 30 March, 1473, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, afterwards RICHARD III, and died without surviving issue 16 March, 1485. .......................................... EARLDOM OF CHESTER XVII. EDWARD, DUKE OF CORNWALL, only son and heir apparent of HENRY Vl, born at Westminster, 13 October 1453, was, by charter, dated at Westminster 15 March 1454, and confirmed the same day in Parliament, created PRINCE OF WALES and EARL OF CHESTER. He died s.p., 4 May 1471, when his Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. [CP 3:174] Son and heir apparent, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, 15 Mar. 1454, slain at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4 May 1471, and with him ended the direct line of the House of Lancaster; His widow married, second, at Westminster Abbey, 12 July 1472, RICHARD OF ENGLAND, Duke of Gloucester, afterwards Richard III of England, King of England.
Generation 8.2: A trip backwards in time
Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Duke of York and 1st Earl of Cambridge, 1341-1402 (Another son of King Edward III)
Isabel Perez, 1355-1392
Issue of Edmund and Isabel: Richard
Edmund of Langley (a Plantagenet) was the 1st Duke of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge, and a Knight of the Order of th the Garter. He was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Haunault. In fact he was the fourth of five sons who ssurvived to adulthood. He was the founder of the House of York--one of the two families that were responsible for the War of the Roses--the House of Lancaster being the opposition in the war for the thrown. It was Edmund's son, Richard, that brought the York house into this war. And it was through Edmund's brother (John of Gaunt) that the Langley's claimed their rights to the throne.
Not only were Edmund and John tied as brothers, but their lives were intertwined several ways through marriage, as well. Edmund Langley's first wife, Infanta Isabella of Castile (who was the daughter of King Peter of Castile and Maria de Padilla), was the sister of Gaunt's second wife, Infanta Constance of Castile. Edmond's second wife, Joan Holland, was the sister of Gaunt's daughter-in-law Margaret Holland, who was the wife of Gaunt's son John Beaufort. She was also apparently Edmund's cousin. The royal families tended to intermarry quite a bit!)
Edmund, the 1st Duke of York is a major character in Shakespear's play Richard II
Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, 1376-1415
Ann Mortimer, 1390-1411
Issue of Richard and Ann: Richard and Isabel
Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 1375 5 August 1415) was the younger son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York and Isabella of Castile.
His paternal grandparents were Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. His maternal grandparents were Peter of Castile and María de Padilla. He was born at Conisburgh Castle in Yorkshire, and was confirmed in the Earldom of Cambridge, which had been resigned by his brother, in 1414. In about 1406, he married his cousin, Anne Mortimer, also a descendant of Edward III (his great great granddaughter), through his son Lionel of Antwerp. A papal dispensation was dated for 28 May 1406, making it most likely that the marriage took place in May or June. It was through her that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses claimed the throne. Their marriage produced a daughter, Isabel Plantagenet, and a son, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. The latter eventually laid claim to the throne, beginning the Wars of the Roses.
It is believed that Anne died giving birth to Richard. Following Anne's death, Cambridge married Matilda Clifford.
He was discovered to be one of the fomentors of the Southampton Plot against King Henry V immediately prior to departure on the French campaign. (His elder brother, Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, would die at the Battle of Agincourt, less than three months later.) He was stripped of all his titles and estates and was executed on 5 August 1415 at Southampton Green, Hampshire, England; before the fleet set sail on 11 August 1415.
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, 1410-1460
Cicely Nevill, 1415-1495
Issue of Richard and Cicely: Ann, , Edward, Edmund, Elizabeth, Margaret, George, and Richard
Richard was the son of Prince Richard, Earl of Cambridge and Anne, sister of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, the heir to the throne of King Richard II (being the grandson of Princess Philippa of Clarence, daughter of Prince Lionel of Antwerp). His mother died in childbirth and his father was executed shortly before his fourth birthday. He pressed his claim to the English Crown during the reign of his cousin, King Henry VI, whose grandfather had seized the Crown back in 1399. York became regent during the King's periods of madness and was also recognised as heir to the Throne. Eventually, however, relations fell apart and the War of the Roses ensued. The Duke led the Yorkists into numerous battles against King Henry's Lancastrians until he was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460. His son, the Earl of March, snatched the Crown the following year and proclaimed himself King Edward IV.
Edward Plantagenet IV, King of England, 1442-1483
Elizabeth Woodville, 1437-1492
Issue of Edward and Elizabeth: Elizabeth, Mary, Cecily, Edward, Richard, Anne, George, Catherine and Bridget
Edward of Middleham, also known as Edward Plantagenet (c. 1473 9 April 1484) was the only son of King Richard III of England and his wife Anne Neville.
The exact year of Edward's birth is uncertain, but he is known to have been born at Middleham Castle, a former possession of his maternal grandfather, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, between April 1473 and December 1474. In 1478, following the execution of George, Duke of Clarence for treason the title Earl of Salisbury was granted to Edward until his death. The title then became extinct until restored to Clarence's family during the reign of King Henry VII.
Edward was also invested as Prince of Wales following his father's succession as king of England in 1483. The investiture ceremony took place at York Minster, and contemporary records suggest it was arranged in a hurry. It is thought possible that the boy had been unable to travel to London for his parents' coronation because of ill-health, but that his condition had improved by the time they reached the north of England.
Edward's date of death is as controversial as his birthdate, with some sources listing it as 31 March 1484 and others as 9 April 1484. Edward's sudden death left his father without an heir, leaving the way open for Henry Tudor to take the throne at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Edward is buried in the parish church at Sheriff Hutton, another of his family's estates.
Edward Plantagenet is the only Prince of Wales to have been buried in a parish church.
Generation 11.3 (Richard and Edward are brothers)
Richard Plantagenet III, King of England, 1452-1485
Lady Ann Nevill, 1456-1485
Issue of Richard and Ann: No Issue
Richard III of England
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This article is about the English king. For other uses, see Richard III (disambiguation).
Richard IIIThe earliest surviving portrait of Richard (c. 1520, after a lost original), formerly belonging the Paston family (Society of Antiquaries, London).King of England (more...)Reign26 June 1483 22 August 1485 (2 years, 57 days)Coronation6 July 1483PredecessorEdward VSuccessorHenry VIIConsortAnne NevilleIssueEdward of Middleham, Prince of WalesHouseHouse of YorkFatherRichard Plantagenet, Duke of YorkMotherCecily Neville, Duchess of YorkBorn2 October 1452
Fotheringh ay Castle, NorthamptonshireDied22 August 1485 (aged 32)
Bosworth Field, LeicestershireBurialGreyfriars (Franciscan Friary), Leicester
Richard III (2 October 1452 22 August 1485) was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 during the battle of Bosworth. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses and is sometimes regarded as the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the central character of a well-known play by William Shakespeare.
When his brother Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord protector of the realm for Edward's son and successor, the 12-year-old King Edward V. As the new king travelled to London from Ludlow, Richard met him and escorted him to London where he was lodged in the Tower. Edward V's brother Richard later joined him there.
A publicity campaign was mounted condemning Edward IV's marriage to the boys' mother, Elizabeth Woodville as invalid and making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. On 25 June an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed these claims. The following day Richard III officially began his reign. He was crowned in July. The two young princes disappeared in August and there were a number of accusations that the boys were murdered by Richard.
There were two major rebellions against Richard. The first, in 1483, was led by staunch opponents of Edward IV and most notably Richard's ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. The revolt collapsed and Buckingham was executed at Salisbury near the Bull's Head Inn. In 1485 there was another rebellion against Richard, headed by Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond (later King Henry VII) and his uncle Jasper. The rebels landed troops, composed mainly of mercenaries, and Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last English king to die in battle.
Elizabeth Plantagenet of York, 1466-1503 (Her father was Edward IV of England)
Henry Tudor VII, King of England, 1457-1509
Issue of Elizabeth and Henry: Arthur, Margaret, Henry, Elizabeth, Mary, Edmund and Katherine
King Henry VII Tudor
1457-1509 , England
Henry VII Tudor, King of England was born on 28 January 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales.3 He was the son of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond and Lady MargaretBeaufort.2 He married Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of Edward IV Plantagenet, King of England andElizabeth Wydevill, on 18 January 1486 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.3 He died on 21 April 1509 at age 52 at Richmond Palace, Richmond, London, England.4 He was buried on 11 May 1509 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4
Henry VII Tudor, King of England gained the title of Earl of Richmond on 28 January 1457.3 He was deposed as Earl of Richmond before 12 August 1462.3 He fought in the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485 at Bosworth, Leicestershire, England.5 He gained the title of King Henry VII of England He was proclaimed king on the field of the Battle of Bosworth. on 22 August 1485.6 He was crowned King of England on 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae.5'
After the defeat of the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury, 1 May 1471, he fled to Brittany with his uncle Jasper, and later, to France, where they made plans, with other Lancastrian exiles, for the invasion of England. His victory at Bosworth, and the death of Richard III there, enabled him to succeed in his claim to the throne, whereby he became King of England as Henry VII in 1485. He married Elizabeth the daughter of Edward IV in 1486 and they had eight children; notably Arthur who married the Spanish Princess Catherine of Aragon and who predeceased his father at the age of 16, Henry who later became Henry VIII, Margaret who married James IV of Scotland, and Mary. Henry VII had married solely for political reasons as Elizabeth was the heiress of the rival House of York. The merging of the houses of York and Lancaster ended the War of the Roses. However, after their marriage he fell deeply in love with her and was heartbroken on her death. During his reign Henry had few military concerns other than to put down a few minor pretenders to the throne and to suppress an uprising by the Cornish. He was a most able administrator and accumulated great wealth for the throne. He had a shrewd way of selecting the right man for the job and led the country from disorder into a position of great strength. He instituted the establishment of envoys in foreign countries and encouraged trade with the Continent. He also formed the Yeomen of the Guard at the Tower of London. In 1497, he backed the Italian John Cabot in a voyage from Bristol thar discovered Newfoundland and stirred England's interest in North America.7 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.8
The Plantagenet monarchical reign ends with Henry Tudors VII victory at battle at Bosworth.