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BAWDEN - 1812 Stephen (nmn) brings his enterprise and family to the U.S.

The oldest child of Gwennap Stephen and Elizabeth JELBERT/GILBERT BAWDEN - Stephen is the source of a family history printed and vinyl-bound in 1986 in the US.

Stephen born 6 Apr 1812 and christened 25 Apr 1812 in Redruth, Cornwall, was the oldest of 8 with 3 brothers and 4 sisters. Their history will follow in BAWDEN blogs.

The earliest notable about 1812 Stephen is his marriage in the Church of Redruth (St. Euny's) on 4 Sept 1837 to Mary TERRILL (var spellings) by J. W. Hawkeley, Rector. She was the dtr of Samuel and Mary TREWREN
TERRILL born/christened 8 Apr 1817 in Redruth.

Mary had other siblings - sister Elizabeth born/christened 13 Apr 1820 in Redruth married probably in Redruth, William CLEMO. She was either divorced or widowed. No date or info. William and Elizabeth TERRILL CLEMO had a daughter Elizabeth CLEMO born/christened 18 July 1849 in Redruth.

Both Elizabeths were a part of Stephen BAWDEN's household in Rockingham Twp, Scott County, Iowa, US in the 1860 Iowa federal census.

Stephen was born at the end of the long, troubled reign of George III and seven years before Queen Victoria was born. Redruth was a large mining and manufacturing community set amid the red-hued, tin-rich hills of Cornwall. The town rang to the sound of Cornish folk coursing in a language someone from 20 miles down the road might have had trouble understanding. The Cornish dialect is usually spoken, not written and each parish had it's own dialect. There are only 5 verbs in the language, reflexive to the gender of the speaker and the gender and age of the listener.

On 4 September 1837, Stephen married Mary Terrill, as London General Register Office records it:
1837. Marriage solemnized by Banns in the Church of Redruth in the County of Cornwall No. 18, September 4, Stephen Bawden and Mary Terrill, Full age, Bachelor and Spinster. Occupation, Smith, Residence, Redruth; Fathers name, Stephen Bawden, Occupation of Father, Smith, Married in the Church of Redruth according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of England by me, J.W. HAWKELEY, Rector. This marriage was solemnized between us, Stephen Bawden, Mary Terrill; in the presence of us, Samuel Terrill, Sally Carbis.

Mary Terrill was born the 5th of 8 children at Redruth, 8 April 1817, daughter of Samuel and Mary Trewren Terrill of Redruth, Cornwall, UK.

In 1837, Victoria became Queen of England, beginning the golden years of the English Colonial Empire. Spains influence as a world power was waning, particularly in the Caribbean area. England, watchful for an opportunity to expand its empire, cast eyes on the mineral-rich island of Cuba.

Stephen and Mary had their first child, Elizabeth, christened 10 July 1838 on Green Lane in Redruth. She died 2 years later 24 June 1840. The Church of England didnt see a civil responsibility to register births, but only saw them as future tithers. A baptism or christening date was registered usually a month after the childs birth.

Just before the 1841 English census, the Stephen and Mary sailed to Cuba in the interest of president Stephens Sawanee Mining Company. The family settled in Cobra, in the hills above Santiago. Their 2nd and 3rd children were born here: Stephen Douglas Bawden and Henry Lightbourne Bawden. They spent some years here and returned to England [Redruth?] for the birth of their 4th child, William Henry.

On 23 December 1851, Stephen, 39 yo, landed in New York, NY, from Havana, Cuba, on the Norman, an American ship. There was no departure date.

The coal mining industry in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, was in full force when the Bawdens settled in Norristown, its county seat. The 1850 Philadelphia census lists the Bawden family: Stephen, Mary, seven-year-old Stephen Douglas, five-year-old Henry Lightbourne, and two-year-old William. Stephen lists his occupation as agent. It is probable that he was connected with the sale of coal-mining equipment manufactured in Redruth. Stephens sister, Matilda Bawden and Marys sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Terrill Clemo and her daughter, Elizabeth Clemo, have joined the family. Census says Clinson.

In the 1860 Pennsylvania Federal Census for Norristown taken 3 August 1860, 49-year-old Stephen Bawdens family includes: wife Mary, sons Stephen Douglas and Henry Lightbourne, 3 more children - Mary Terrill, Thomas John, George Washington; and Elizabeth Clemo and her 10-year-old daughter Elizabeth, 2 female servants 18-year-old Mary Douglas and 14-year-old Eliza White, both from England. Two-year-old son William, born in England, dies in Norristown 10 April 1851. Stephen gives his occupation as gentleman and states that his combined worth is $70,000.

The city of Davenport was established in 1836 just 4 years after the Blackhawk War [21 Sept 1832], which made settlement west of the Mississippi River possible. Population in 1850 was 1,848. By 1860, the population of Davenport reached 20,000, while the once-promising Rockingham had become almost a ghost town. By 1860, railroads had made travel relatively speedy and inexpensive. Stephen came to the area in advance of his family to purchase land. On 31 July 1860, Stephen, still a resident of Norristown, purchased part of Section 4 in Rockingham Township, Scott County, IA, from William and Mary Platts for $6,500. On 12 September 1860, more land is deeded in Section 4 by James G. And Margaret Mossman and on 20 September 1860, Willard and Anna Hutchinson Barrows deed land to him in the same section. Both September deeds give Stephens residence as Scott County, so the family became residents between 4 August and 11 September 1860. The Platts, next-door neighbor John Harrison and wife Jane, and Harrisons next-door neighbor Mary More and her mother Mary A. Foster were all from England. It might be that Stephen was previously acquainted with one or all of these families and they may have enticed him to bring his family and mining equipment manufacturing agency to this bituminous coal-mining area.

Rockingham is the smallest township in the county, and many historical scenes center there. Its settlement began simultaneously with Princeton and LeClaire, just upriver. During the years 1835, '36 and '37, a few settlers made claims along the bluffs, and the edge of the prairie. Rockingham Township was annexed to Davenport 22 January 1958.

Stephen owned most of the northwest quarter of Section 4 consisting of about 160 acres. The southeast corner lay along the Mississippi River adjacent to Offermanns Island, now Credit Island. The road leading to Rockingham ran through the center of the Bawden property now known in city/county registers as Bawdens Addition.

Stephen moved into this pastoral setting he called Valley Farm. On the bluffs were large estates and summer places built by the Putnam, Fejervary, and Dillon families and some who came from St. Louis to escape the summer heat.

He set up a farm and built a large two-story stucco home with cyclone cellar. There is now Roosevelt Public School - a K-3 public school - closed, now a community center - where Stephen and Marys home was built (1220 Minnie Ave., Davenport, Scott County, Iowa). The Iowa Agricultural Census for 1870 and 1880 indicates Stephen would be a gentleman farmer. Only 18 of his 160 acres were cultivated, he had only 2 horses, 2 dairy cows, 25 barnyard fowl, and 9 swine. In a 20-year period, he didnt earn more than $1000 per year.

He died at his home of a paralytic stroke 18 October 1881 at the age of 69. Mary moved to her daughter Mary Terrill Iles home at 614 E. 13th St. in Davenport where she died of general disability 8 December 1884. The family belonged to the Methodist Church. Mary and Stephen are buried in Davenports Oakdale Memorial Gardens in a plot marked by a huge BAWDEN family marker (sarcophagus), and headstones also marking sons Albert L. and Dr. Henry Lightbourne Bawden, baby Clark Bawden (Henrys son), female 5 yo M. B. Knotwell who died of cholera. (Matildas child??)[See Find-a-Grave]

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago

BAWDEN - 1812 Stephen's Obituary in local newspaper

Davenport Democrat, 17 October 1881, Front Page
DEATH OF STEPHEN BAWDEN
Davenport, Iowa Monday
One of the good, solid farmers and excellent citizens of this county, passed away at 4:00 this morning - Stephen Bawden, of Rockingham township. His death was not unexpected, yet it came with a startling suddenness. He suffered from a sun-stroke last summer and has been feeble since though able to attend to his duties. Last Friday he was affected by a slight paralytic stroke, but was better on Saturday, on Sunday he suffered from another, but from this he did not recover, and death relieved him at the hour named this morning.
Mr. Bawden was born in England, in March 1812, and so was 69 years and 7 months old. He came to America in 1849, and settled in Norristown, Pa., where he lived until 1860, when he came to Davenport and soon purchased the farm on the river road, in Rockingham township, just on the Davenport line, on which he has lived ever since. He was quiet in his ways and talk, but of the firmest convictions. And he was a strong man in quiet argument based on intelligence. His neighbors had thorough respect for him- they elected him a member of the Board of Supervisors for two or three terms under the old organization when every township had its member, and he was called to fill the office of township trustee or school trustee many times. He was a successful farmer and one of the best of husbands and fathers. He leaves five children to mourn, with their mother, the sore bereavement - Stephen D., bookkeeper at the Davenport National Bank, Dr. H. L. Bawden, Mrs. John Iles, George W., a law student, and Thomas J., whose home is on the old farm.
The funeral will take place from the residence of S. D. Bawden, No. 1315 Fourth Avenue, tomorrow afternoon at 2 oclock.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

BAWDEN - Harriet comes to the US to be a nanny

Harriet BAWDEN was born/christened 5 Mar 1815 in Redruth, Cornwall, UK, dtr and second child of Stephen and Elizabeth JELBERT/GILBERT BAWDEN. She has 4 brothers [1812 Stephen before her], and 3 sisters.

In the June 1870 US census for Franklin Twp, Naughton County, Michigan (Upper Peninsula mining area), she is a housekeeper for 23-year-old miner Matthew H. DENNIS, 22-year-old wife Eliza Jane and their 1-mo-old son William John.

Matthew DENNIS and Eliza Jane were laborer and housekeeper for Harriet's brother, Stephen and Mary Bawden, who brought them to Rockingham Township in 1860 (see census).

It is not known when Harriet emigrated from Cornwall or where or when she died.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

BAWDEN - Stephen in 1851 Census and 1861 Census

This Stephen was born/christened 19 May 1791, according to the 1851 census in Kenwyn and according to the 1861 census in Gwennap, Cornwall. Gwennap seems to be the more prevalent reference.

He married on 17 Aug 1809 in Redruth, Elizabeth JELBERT nee GILBERT - an old transcriber error. GILBERT website and family groups include both names.

Elizabeth was born/christened 18 June 1791 in Redruth, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth REYNOLDS GILBERT. Richard was born/christened in Illogan, Cornwall, 24 Oct 1763 and Elizabeth REYNOLDS born/christened 26 Dec 1765 in Redruth.

Stephen was a blacksmith and this BAWDEN family had 8 children. Stephen spent his later years, the family became victuallers at the Redruth Inn - no longer exists - on Fore St. in Redruth. A victualler holds the supply and liquor "license", but this family ran the Inn.

After wife Elizabeth died, Stephen went to spend his last years with daughter and son-in-law Elizabeth BAWDEN who was his executrix, and Michael MACCOOEY/MCCOVEY.

Stephen died with dtr Elizabeth and Michael's family in Redruth on 8 June 1861.

Stephen and wife Elizabeth are buried in St. Euny churchyard in Redruth, Cornwall, UK. I have a pending Find-a-Grave request to photograph their markers.

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago

BAWDEN - Stephen is a grand old name!

Stephen BAWDEN married Lucretia MATTHEW(S) / MATHEW on 14 October 1754 in Perranuthnoe, Cornwall. It was witnessed by James MATTHEWS, her father. She was born 5 Aug 1732 (no place) to James and Miriam (no maiden) MATTHEWS.

They had Stephen ch 19 May 1755, Elizabeth ch 5 Nov 1756 - d 1768, Jane ch 16 Apr 1759, Miriam ch 24 May 1761, Anne ch 12 June 1763, William ch 1 Mar 1767, Elizabeth ch 8 Jan 1769, Mary ch 9 Jun 1771 all in Perranuthnoe, Cornwall, UK.

My tree skips a generation - 1755 Stephen. I have no info on him. The next is 1812 Stephen.

This is the farthest my Bawden tree goes. If anyone can fill in blanks, I'd love to know.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

BAWDEN: Ada, youngest dtr of Thos John and Anna "Annie" BENTON, involved in piano, music circles and talent booking agent, dies at 92

Ada BAWDEN, born 17 Feb 1889 in the 3215 Rockingham Rd. family home, Davenport/Rockingham Twp., Scott, Iowa.

She was active all her life in area music circles, employed as an agent by the Artist Representative Association for 41 years and the Schmidt Music Co. (no longer exists) for 17 years.

She was a performing pianist, choir director and organist for several Methodist churches.

She died 27 Dec 1981 in Davenport, alert in mind, still active as a talent booking agent and residing in the Rockingham Bawden home where the family had lived for almost 100 years.

Her father platted that part of southwest Davenport/Rockingham Twp and named 3 streets after his dtrs: Elsie, Minnie and Ada. Ada Avenue no longer exists - now Johnson Ave. This part of town is still known in county plat books as Bawden's Addition.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 1 month ago

BAWDEN: Albert Ralph "A.R." marries twice, dir. Chamber of Commerce, Ruling Elder in First Presbyterian Church, pres. Rotary Club

Albert "A.R." was the oldest of 3 sons born to George Washington and Jennie ELDRIDGE BAWDEN in Muscatine, Muscatine, Iowa, where his lawyer father was president of the Iowa Mortgage Company.

In 1895 the family moved back to Davenport (parents natives) where AR graduated from Davenport [Central] High School in May 1905...two months after his father's death in March in Excelsior Springs, Missouri, of diabetes.

He began his career as a clerk with the First National Bank of Davenport until he purchased the newsstand of the I & I Interurban station at 217 Brady St. In 1908 his brother, George Ray "Ray" and in 1912, another brother Harry ELDRIDGE joined him in the business.

Albert married Mabelle/Mabel Maude BUFORD on 15 Oct 1913 in the home of her sister, George and Ella Mathilda SCHWENKER in Rock Island, Rock Island, Illinois. She was the daughter of John R., born Nov 1847 in Sweden and Mathilda OKERBERG BUFORD.

Mabelle was born 14 April 1886 in Moline, Illinois, and graduated from Moline High School. She was a member of Davenport's First Presbyterian Church, Women's Club and Ladies of the Davenport Rotary. She died 6 Nov 1940 of breast cancer and is buried in Davenport's Oakdale Cemetery public mausoleum.

On 24 May 1945, Albert married Margaret Theresa "Tess" HART in Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California. She was born 26 Feb 1904 in Davenport to Leonard and Mary MULVAHILL HART, a descendant of Peter and Mary Margaret DOUGHERTY HART, who came to Davenport from Ireland with their children in 1854. Tess graduated from Smart Junior High School, formerly West Intermediate School, then from ELLIOTT FISHER Bookkeeping/Machine School in Rock Island. She was employed in the office of Davenport Locomotive works before becoming bookkeeper and cashier at BAWDEN Bros. Inc, the business her husband and 2 brothers founded from the I&I Interurban ticket office.

AR watched his business grow from a small newsstand in the interurban waiting room into a photo engraving and printing firm; he was president at his death on 1 Jan 1949.

He was director of the Davenport Chamber of Commerce and president of Davenport Rotary Club 1933-34. In 1942 he was elected to the highest layman office in the Presbyterian Church as Ruling Elder. Albert is interred in Davenport's Oakdale Cemetery public mausoleum. Tess died 12 Aug 1991 in Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois' St. John's Hospital and is buried in Davenport's Mt. Calvary Cemetery.

Tess lived in their home at 29 Edgehill Terrace in Davenport with mother-in-law Jennie ELDRIDGE BAWDEN.

AR and Mabelle had 4 children all in Davenport: Virginia Jane born 6 Aug 1915 and died 6 August 1915; Marian Jane born 12 Jan 1920 (seperate bio); Robert Albert born 2 Jan 1927 (seperate bio).
AR and Tess had 1 child in Davenport: Ralph ELDRIDGE born 13 Aug 1946 (seperate bio)

***************

BUFORD INFO:
1. Ella Mathilda was born 13 Oct 1880 in Moline, she died 7 Nov 1963 in Moline. She married George SCHWENKER 25 Nov 1912.
2. Mabelle and Ella had a brother, LeRoy BUFORD, no BMD.
John and Mathilda OKERBERG were married 9 Nov 1879 in Rock Island, Illinois.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

BAWDEN: Benjamin WOODWARD "Ben", 2nd child of Stephen Douglas and Ella WOODWARD, helps uncle JB PHELPS in lumber industry, died age 46 in L.A., California

Benjamin WOODWARD born 3 Nov 1872 in Davenport, graduated from Davenport High School and began his career with uncle JB [John BAKER] PHELPS in the office of LINDSAY-PHELPS Lumber Company.

He worked for the Cloquet Lumber Company in Minnesota, the Pigeon River Lumber Company in South Carolina and finally, before poor health caused him to retire, he was manager of the northwest territory for Lacy and Company, one of the largest lumber factoring concerns in the country.

Ben did not marry. He died at age 46, 6 Aug 1918 in Los Angeles, California, of a brain tumor. He willed his estate to his mother, his sister [Mary Elizabeth] and nephew, Stephen Lee/Lea ELY.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

BAWDEN: Caroline marries Thos VIVIAN

Caroline (nmn) was b/ch in Redruth, Cornwall, UK on 5 Oct 1825, the seventh child of Stephen and Elizabeth GILBERT / JELBERT.

She married Thomas VIVIAN b/ch 1826 in Redruth. They had children. Thomas was a stone mason. They lived and died in Redruth.

Caroline died 18 Feb 1912. I have Record Office log copy.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago