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JOSIAH ELDRIDGE son of William and Deborah MALANDAR ELDRIDGE was probably born in Greenwich, Gloucester County, New Jersey, 12 May 1777. Gloucester County deeds show William and Deborah ELDRIDGE acquired land at Greenwich in 1774, but by 1791, they are shown in a deed selling the land they owned and stating they were residents of the Town of Gloucester.
Josiah married Sarah MIDDLETON, 23 March 1801, in Gloucester County, New Jersey. Sarah was the daughter of John and Sarah MATLACK MIDDLETON, born 1779, probably in Haddonfield, Camden County, New Jersey.
In 1801, Thomas Jefferson was elected President of the United States. A Gloucester County deed dated 17 march 1801 described Josiah as a storekeeper and resident of Woodbury. During Thomas Jeffersons first term in office, shipping raw materials from America and the West Indies to Europe expanded enormously, as did the importation of manufactured good from European countries. American economy was booming. However, complicated international pressures during Jeffersons second term caused him to place an embargo on all imported and exported goods by ships of other countries as well as Americas. This embargo dropped suddenly, almost without warning on the merchants; wheat, timber, cotton, tobacco, rice -- all dropped in value or became unsalable. Every imported article rose in price. Wages stopped and thousands were forced into bankruptcy. People were deprived of sugar, salt tea, coffee, molasses and rum; the cost of cotton and wool yard goods trebled. The country was on the verge of ruin.
In 1807, a judgment was levied against Josiah for $1,000, and the land they owned in Woodbury was sold at a sheriffs sale. The History of Scott County, Iowa 1882, states the ELDRIDGE family moved to Haddonfield in 1809.
Josiah was last known to be alive in 1824. On 6 March 1824 Josiah ELDRIDGE of Gloucester Co., N.J., and Sarah his wife, deeded for $50, to their son Duncan ELDRIDGE of Haddonfield, said County, Bricklayer, land in the Township of Gloucester, Gloucester Co., 7 acres, 3 rods, and 20 pershes of Cedar Swamp, which John HOPKINS and Sarah his wife, Elizabeth MICKLE, Joshua CRESSON and Mary CRESSON his wife, Ann HOPKINS, Thomas REDMAN, and Thomas STOKES, on the 14th of the 6th month 1782, granted to John MIDDLETON of Haddonfield, and which John died seized of intestate, and which the Orphans Court awarded to his children, including daughter Sarah, now married to Josiah ELDRIDGE.
Wit: Thos REDMAN /s/ Josiah ELDRIDGE Sam M. DAY Sarah Eldridge
In 1834, Sarah, a widow, purchased 1/2 acre in Haddonfield. In 1837, she moved to Moorestown in Chester Township, Burlington County, New Jersey. Asa MATLACK records that Sarah died 1 April 1843 in Haddonfield. Tradition says Josiah and Sarah were strict members of the Quaker faith.
Mary Terrill m. Stephen Bawden b. 6 Apr 1812
On 4 Sept 1837, Redruth, Cornwall, England.
All events occurred in Redruth, Cornwall, England except noted
DAVIE, John (Jane Ripper8, John7, Henry6, Benedict5, Henry4, Richard3, William Beauripper2, Richard1) born April 1707
o Elizabeth Davie b 7 Jul 1755, married 15 Nov 1777
Samuel Terrill 1 b. 5 Mar 1753 son of Samuel Terrill and Constance Courts (no info). Samuels siblings: John b 15 Aug 1756, Alice b 11 Nov 1758 and Constance b 22 Mar 1761.
Samuel 1 and Elizabeth Davie Terrill had:
A Samuel2 b. 21 Mar 1779
B. John b. Jan 1780
C. John b Mar 1781
D. William b. Apr 1785
E. Thomas b 5 Apr 1785
F. Elizabeth b Jul 1787
Samuel2 TERRILL b 21 Mar 1779 married Mary TREMAIN b. 14 Aug 1805. Their children:
A. Samuel3 b. Jun 1807
B. William b. Jul 1809
C. George Trewren b. Nov 1811
D. Thomas b Dec 1814
E. MARY see above - b. 8 Apr 1817, d. 8 Dec 1884 in Davenport, Scott County, IA, US, buried Davenports Oakdale Memorial Gardens, Sec 1 Lot 16 with sons, Albert L., Dr. Henry Lightbourne Bawden, and grandsons Harry, and Clark.
F. Elizabeth b May 1820, m. Wm Clemo, no date in Redruth. Elizabeth died 19 Dec 1910, Davenport, Scott County, IA, US, widowed or divorced
* Elizabeth Clemo (Ryan) b. 18 Jul 1849 in Redruth, m. 28 Jun 1866 James A. Ryan (no info) in Davenport
* Harry Clemo Ryan b 18 Jan 1868 Davenport, m.(no date) Edna Burdick b. 1 Nov 1872 Davenport, divorced 13 Jan 1910, d. 6 Jun 1915, Chicago, Cook, IL US of diabetes. Edna married XX Prost, d. 15 Aug 1969 Pasadena, CA
Davenport Democrat newspaper obits: 9 Feb 1885, 12 Dec 1910, 19 Dec 1910,
7 Jun 1915, 9 Dec 1884
Oakdale Memorial Gardens database, 2501 Eastern Ave., Davenport, IA 52803
ph 563-324-5121, [email protected]
Scott County, IA vital records
Terrill website from Darrell [email protected]
1. William Eldridge of the Town and county of Gloucester in the State of New Jersey being weak in body but of sound mind and memory do make and ordain this writing to be my Last Will and Testament as follows:
Item, It is my Will that all my Just debts and funeral expenses be paid by my Executor hereafter named out of my personal Estate. Second I do Give and Bequeath unto my son William M. Eldridge all my estate both real and personal. He paying the following Legices, My debts and funeral expenses out of the same. My will is that My Estate Real and personal shall be subject to the payment of the said Legices, Debts and Expenses.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Job Eldridge the sum Six Hundred Dollars to be paid him by my son William M. Eldridge in two years after my decease
Item, Give and bequeath unto my Daughter Deborah Wife of Isaac Kay the sum of Five hundred Dollars to be paid her in two years after my Decease
Item, I give and bequeath unto my two sons Josiah Eldridge and Eli Eldridge the sum of twenty Dollars each to be paid to them in two years after my decease
Item, I do give and bequeath unto my Daughter Hannah wife of Henry Wood the sum of two hundred fifty Dollars to be paid to her by said son William M. Eldridge at such times and in such proportions as he in his wisdom may think proper so that the whole there of be paid within two years after my decease and her debt shall be a discharge for the same or any part there of notwithstanding her present Husband Henry Wood
Item, I give and bequeath unto such of my Grand Children as inhere after named the sum of Fifty Dollars each to be paid them as they shall severally arrive at the age of Twenty one years to my son Enos Children namely Joseph, Rebecca, Ann, Agnes, Enos, Deborah and Griffith M. Eldridge and to my son Elis children William, Abigail, Susannah, Eli, Borrough Hannah and Isaac Eldridge and to my son Josiah children - Duncan, Hannah, Josiah, John and Ann Eldridge all which said Devises I Give and Bequeath unto the several persons afore named to hold to them there as aforesaid their heirs and Assigns forever and Lastly I Nominate and appoint my son William M. Eldridge my Lawful Executor to this my Last Will and Testament in Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this Eighteenth day of November in the Year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and twelve 1812.
Signed Sealed published and
Pronounced to be my last Will
And Testament In the presence of William Eldridge
Joseph W. Clark (signed)
Morris Hale Jr.
William M. Eldridge sole Executor in the within Testament named being duly affirmed according to Law did declare and say that the within Instrument Contains the True last will and Testament of William Eldridge and Testator therein named so far as he knows and as he verily believes, that he will well and truly perform the same, by paying first the debts of the said deceased and then the legacies in the said Testament specified So far as the goods and Chattels and Credits of the said Deceased can thereunto extend and that he will make and exhibit into the surrogates office at Woodberry a true and perfect Inventory of all and Singular the goods, Chattels and credits of said deceased that have or shall come to his knowledge or possession, or to the possession of any other person or persons for his use and render a Just and true account. When thereunto lawfully agrees Affirms and Subscribes at Woodberry February 6, 1816 before
Jacob Glover Surrogate Wm. M. Eldridge
A true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods Chattels Wares and Merchandises as well moveable as not moveable of William Eldridge late of the Town and County of Gloucester deceased made by us whose names are hereunto subscribed the sixth day of the second month in the Year of our Lord One Thousand eight hundred and Sixteen 1816.
His wearing apparel 40 00
Cash 800 00
Obligations 2251 48
Book Accts 157 50
Sundry Furniture 103 00
Waggen and Sulkey 51 00
1 Wood slab 400 00
1/2 of a Shallop 600.00
50 cords wood on timber Creek Landing 225.00
12 /cords wood in the Tolineer tract 30.00
A record exists in the Haddonfield, New Jersey, Friends Grave Yard of the burial of William Eldridge on
1 mo. 3, 1816 At the time of his death, he lived in the colonies of New Jersey and Pennsylvania under the rule of King George I and II. He had witnessed the birth of the United States and had seen four presidents take office: George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. He and his family survived the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 with health and wealth intact. William Eldridge is surely an ancestor whose tenacity the present day generations ought to greatly admire.
William may or may not have been a Friend, but it is certain that several of his children did marry Quakers. Several of the alleged sons of Thos and their descendants lived near one another in NJ, where records of land transactions between family members are found.
Family research is complicated by the repetitious first names given to children. Eldridge children frequently married into the same families, especially the MIDDLETON, MATLACK / LOCK and LIPPINCOTT lines.
WILLIAM ELDRIDGE, b 18 Feb 1749, Evesham, Burlington Cnty, NJ, d.31 Aug 1823 Gloucester, NJ, son of Thos and Hannah DUNCAN ELDRIDGE may possibly be the grandfather of Duncan Campbell
This name first appears on the marriage license with Deborah MALANDAR or ER issued by the Provincial Secy of PA 6 November 1761.
Deborah MALANDER was the dtr of Swedish teacher and would-be pastor, Olof MALANDER, aka William. Record of her birth on 23 February 1741, at Piles Grove, NJ, and of her baptism the next month, are found in the Swedish Lutheran Church records at Raccoon and Penns Neck, NJ. William, son of an Englishman and possibly a Quaker, married to the dtr of a Swedish Lutheran Minister was curious.
Henry HUDSON discovered the Hudson and Delaware Rivers in 1609 while in the employ of the Dutch East India Co., and until 1664, the land that lay along these rivers was developed under the auspices of the Dutch who encouraged settlement by other nations.
In 1638, the first Swedish colony was established along Delawares coast. Under the direction of their Lutheran pastors, the Swedish colonists purchased land from the indigenous people, and built the principal town and fort at Christiana Creek near Wilmington. The colony flourished until about 1654. All of the original clergy who accompanied the first colonists had died, and the people were without leadership. They applied to the King of Sweden for aid, which he supplied until the Revolutionary War ended the Swedish colonial movement.
The Swedish colony was divided into 3 Rectorships, one in Pennsylvania, one in Delaware and one in Raccoon and Penns Neck in western New Jersey. The Swedish King supplied the Rectors, paid them handsome yearly salaries, and rewarded them with pensions an choice parishes upon their return to Sweden.
In 1664, King Charles of England captured the entire area and made it a gift to his brother, James, the Duke of York. James divided the land into 2 parts - East and West Jersey, and used these to satisfy his creditors. The creditors threw open the territory to settlers. East Jersey became home to the New England Colonies and Long Island, including the ELDRIDGE descendants. West Jersey, mainly Dutch and Swedes, met with a hoard of settlers from every section of the British Isles - particularly the Quakers.
These settlers had strong ideas about government, taxation and religion. The proprietors, disgusted with the lack of financial returns, sold their interest to William PENN and his Quaker followers in 1682. PENN was the wealthy benefactor of the Quaker movement, a land promoter. King George granted title to the territory which became Pennsylvania. Penn wrote a series of letters and booklets translated into three languages and distributed in England and the new continent. He wrote practical, honest, and glowing descriptions of the land and climate, promising the rights and freedoms of England. The was understood by most Europeans to mean peace and freedom to pursue whatever business / religion without fear of persecution.
Each man was allowed to purchase 5,000 acres of land for only 100 English pounds. If this was not affordable, land could be rented for 1 cent per acre per year. Each servant that came with a family would be awarded 50 acres of land when his period of contracted service expired.
The population of the colonies in 1660 was 75,000, and by 1775 - 2,500,000. PENN welcomed ships loaded with immigrants; Scotch Presbyterians, Irish Catholics, French Huguenots, Jews, German and Swiss Mennonites, and large numbers of Quakers. Business opportunities were the prime motive for immigration. Pennsylvania soon became a peaceful, prosperous colony, Philadelphia was its hub, with an international favor which rivaled any city in the world.
In 1737, the Reverend Johann DYLANDER arrived from Sweden to take charge of the Gloria Dei Church near Philadelphia. With him came Olof (William) MALANDER, a student of divinity who came from Roslagus in eastern Uppsaland, and who had graduated in 1730 from the University of Uppsala in Sweden. Olof MALANDER was to teach school until he would be ordained by Rev. DYLANDER, and assigned to a church in the Swedish Colony. However, Pastor DYLANDER died before the ordination could take place, leaving only one ordained pastor and making the ordination ceremony not possible. The members of the churches at Raccoon and Penns Neck were reported to be libertine and accustomed to living without the law and at first refused to pay Olof MALANDER as their unordained minister. Eventually they agreed to accept him and promised to pay him a yearly salary for his services. However, the two churches failed for several reasons, to keep their promise and consequently, in 1742, Mr. MALANDER was forced to leave the Swedish colony to seek employment elsewhere. He moved to Philadelphia where he worked in Benjamin FRANKLINs print shop. Swedish records state that Olof MALANDER left the Lutheran Church and became a Moravian minister and moved to Rhode Island where his parishioners built a church. Olof died in 1744, and his wife apparently returned to Philadelphia, Montgomery County, PA, where their daughter, Deborah, was married to William ELDRIDGE in 1761.
Theophelous Burt ELDRIDGE, born 1859, a great-grandson of William, and first cousin twice removed to Duncan C. ELDRIDGE, claimed in his brief family history, that William was born 1 April 1738, the son of Thomas Eldridge. He also claimed that William and Deborah settled and raised their family at Dennis Creek , Cape May County, New Jersey, where several other families named ELDRIDGE previously made their homes since early times. Deed records do not reflect his statement, but from the time of their marriage in 1761 until just before the Revolutionary War in 1774, the whereabouts of this family is not known.
It is ironic that the two colonies founded by Quakers on the principles of peace and non-violence should be the site of the most fierce and prolonged battles of the Revolutionary War. Quakers believed in prohibiting members from supporting either side at the outbreak of the War. (William was 38 at this time, his oldest son, Enos, was 12). The penalty for violating this tenet was expulsion. Quakers who were naturally sympathetic to the colonial cause held to this and refused to serve or support the Continental Army in any way. In the same neighborhood where Washingtons troops were starving, Quaker barns bulged with supplies. Eventually, large numbers of Friends broke with the faith to help the colonies gain independence.
The first known residence for the William ELDRIDGE family is shown in a Gloucester County deed dated 18 April 1791. William, yeoman of Gloucester, and Deborah sold land in Greenwich Township which they acquired through a sheriffs sale on 29 October 1774. Tax records from 1773 for Greenwich, Gloucester County, list William as well as David and Little John Eldridge. In 1786, Greenwich taxed 2 William ELDRIDGEs, one identified as saddler, plus David, Enoch and Enos ELDRIDGE. By 1797, only one William remains to be taxed in Greenwich. Tax records for Gloucester Township for 1789 list a William ELDRIDGE as well as an Obadiah and Joshua, thus indicating the family moved its residence about 1787.
Deborah MALANDER ELDRIDGE probably died in Gloucester between 22 March 1806 and 3 June 1897 as reflected in deed records. William made his will on 18 November 1812, giving his residence as Gloucester Town; the will was proved 26 February 1816.
THOMAS ELDRIDGE: the son of Jonathan, was born abt 1684 probably in Burlington County, NJ. His marriage witnessed by Jonathan, Martha and Mary ELDRIDGE, to Mary JAMES on 3 mo 11, 1704, is recorded in the Phila MM records. He settled in Phila, PA where he was granted freeman status on 1 June 1705. A freeman was one who took out his freedom and was granted by the City of Philadelphia, certain rights and privileges of a citizen. One requirement was to be at least 21 yo, hence we can estimate his birth to be 1684.
Thos and Mary ELDRIDGE made their home in Philadelphia where the births of 2 children were recorded in the Quaker Monthly Meeting records. A son, James, was born on 12 mo 2, 1704/5, and a dtr, Mary, was born 3 mo 11, 1710. From notes in the Cope and Ender Collections, it appears Thomas and Mary also had a son, Joseph, who was named in a deed along with siblings James and Mary.
Also found in these collections, Thomas and Mary produced a certificate from the Phila MM to the Concord MM on 4 mo 1, 1717, and settled in Calm Township, Chester, County, PA. Thomas ELDRIDGEs son, Jonathan, of East Malburrow, Chester County, married 10 mo 3, 1771, a second wife, Sarah DAVIS at the Goshen Meeting. Jonathan died and his widow Sarah married William ALLEN. Their grandson, Eldridge ALLEN, married in Davenport, Iowa in 1859.
Notes indicate that Mary JAMES ELDRIDGE died, and Thomas was married a second time to Hannah DUNCAN, although no official record of the marriage has been discovered. Hannah DUNCAN ELDRIDGE could have been the great-grandmother of Duncan Campbell ELDRIDGE of Davenport, IA.
JONATHAN ELDRIDGE may have come from England to Burlington County in 1678; or he may have sailed from London on the Success and arrived in West New Jersey in April 1679 and served as Council member in 1708.
This latter Jonathan may have been the partner of Martha WAGSTAFF who were both condemned at the Burlington County Quaker meeting in 1679/80 for adulterous practices. The couple married, a record of Martha ELDRIDGEs burial 4 mo 1, 1713, was recorded by the Philadelphia Monthly Meeting.
Jonathan lived in Evesham, Burlington County, NJ in 1704, when he was father of Thomas ELDRIDGE in marriage records of the Phila MM. His name appears on a letter to the PMM dated 12 mo 23, 1735/6 stating son Obadiahs intention to marry.
Its possible that Joseph ELDRIDGE who died in Sussex County, DE, whose will proved in 13 May 1762 was the son of Jonathan ELDRIDGE.
On 2 March 1736, Jonathan ELDRIDGEs will was proved. He named wife, Elizabeth, dtr Phoebe, sons Jonathan, Joseph, James, and Obadiah. Son Thomas, was not mentioned. Parents often made early financial settlements with their older married children. Jonathan, father of Thomas, appears to have been a Quaker at his death.
The name ELDRIDGE or ELDREDGE is an uncommon name of English extraction. The name ELDRED referred to several Saxon kings who ruled England in the 8th and 9th centuries. Eldson C. SMITH in his book American Surnames, claimed the name originated in the area of Kent, England, and meant plank bridge.
Variations of the name have been found in the American colonies. John EELDRED, Great Saxham, England, was for 15 years, a director of the Virginia Company of London. The Mayflower pilgrims received their patent for land from this company. It is possible that William, Robert, Samuel, John and Nathaniel ELDRIED or ELDRED who came to the new colonies between 1635-1645 were related to John ELDRED. Descendants became numerous in the Cape Cod region before migrating to Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey.
The name John ELDRIDGE appears in 1680 as one, along with William PENN, to whom the Duke of York conveyed all his interest in West New Jersey.
Prior to the Revolutionary War, families with the name or its variations were living in 8 counties in New Jersey, and by 1790, ELDRIDGE had become the 1,276th most common surname in America with 22,115 bearing that name.
The ancestors identity who settled in Davenport, Scott County, Iowa, United States, in 1836 is still shrouded in mystery. Professional genealogists have searched for Duncan Campbell ELDRIDGEs ancestor, who most certainly came to the New World before the Revolutionary War. This person may or may not have been a Quaker, and, if not, converted to the Friends way through marriage into prominent Quaker families.
We know that William ELDRIDGE who married Deborah MALANDAR in Pennsylvania in 1761 were Duncans grandparents. The only clues we have about Williams father are scraps of hearsay.
In 1926, Theophilus Burt ELDRIDGE prepared a typewritten family history. William was the son of Thomas, and that William was born 1 April 1738, no birthplace given.
REFERENCE: The Eldridge-Bawden Families, The Ancestry and Descendants of Duncan Campbell ELDRIDGE and Stephen BAWDEN of Scott County, Iowa; Author-compiler Alice Richardson Sloane, C.G. (dec 2011); commissioned by John Duvall Bawden, Bettendorf, IA (dec 1992). Anundsen Publishing Co., Decorah, IA 1986, pps1-5, vinyl bound, 293 pps with photos.
Davenport Democrat, 17 October 1881, Front Page
DEATH OF STEPHEN BAWDEN
Davenport, Iowa Monday
One of the good, solid farmers and excellent citizens of this county, passed away at 4:00 this morning - Stephen Bawden, of Rockingham township. His death was not unexpected, yet it came with a startling suddenness. He suffered from a sun-stroke last summer and has been feeble since though able to attend to his duties. Last Friday he was affected by a slight paralytic stroke, but was better on Saturday, on Sunday he suffered from another, but from this he did not recover, and death relieved him at the hour named this morning.
Mr. Bawden was born in England, in March 1812, and so was 69 years and 7 months old. He came to America in 1849, and settled in Norristown, Pa., where he lived until 1860, when he came to Davenport and soon purchased the farm on the river road, in Rockingham township, just on the Davenport line, on which he has lived ever since. He was quiet in his ways and talk, but of the firmest convictions. And he was a strong man in quiet argument based on intelligence. His neighbors had thorough respect for him- they elected him a member of the Board of Supervisors for two or three terms under the old organization when every township had its member, and he was called to fill the office of township trustee or school trustee many times. He was a successful farmer and one of the best of husbands and fathers. He leaves five children to mourn, with their mother, the sore bereavement - Stephen D., bookkeeper at the Davenport National Bank, Dr. H. L. Bawden, Mrs. John Iles, George W., a law student, and Thomas J., whose home is on the old farm.
The funeral will take place from the residence of S. D. Bawden, No. 1315 Fourth Avenue, tomorrow afternoon at 2 oclock.
Harriet BAWDEN was born/christened 5 Mar 1815 in Redruth, Cornwall, UK, dtr and second child of Stephen and Elizabeth JELBERT/GILBERT BAWDEN. She has 4 brothers [1812 Stephen before her], and 3 sisters.
In the June 1870 US census for Franklin Twp, Naughton County, Michigan (Upper Peninsula mining area), she is a housekeeper for 23-year-old miner Matthew H. DENNIS, 22-year-old wife Eliza Jane and their 1-mo-old son William John.
Matthew DENNIS and Eliza Jane were laborer and housekeeper for Harriet's brother, Stephen and Mary Bawden, who brought them to Rockingham Township in 1860 (see census).
It is not known when Harriet emigrated from Cornwall or where or when she died.
The oldest child of Gwennap Stephen and Elizabeth JELBERT/GILBERT BAWDEN - Stephen is the source of a family history printed and vinyl-bound in 1986 in the US.
Stephen born 6 Apr 1812 and christened 25 Apr 1812 in Redruth, Cornwall, was the oldest of 8 with 3 brothers and 4 sisters. Their history will follow in BAWDEN blogs.
The earliest notable about 1812 Stephen is his marriage in the Church of Redruth (St. Euny's) on 4 Sept 1837 to Mary TERRILL (var spellings) by J. W. Hawkeley, Rector. She was the dtr of Samuel and Mary TREWREN
TERRILL born/christened 8 Apr 1817 in Redruth.
Mary had other siblings - sister Elizabeth born/christened 13 Apr 1820 in Redruth married probably in Redruth, William CLEMO. She was either divorced or widowed. No date or info. William and Elizabeth TERRILL CLEMO had a daughter Elizabeth CLEMO born/christened 18 July 1849 in Redruth.
Both Elizabeths were a part of Stephen BAWDEN's household in Rockingham Twp, Scott County, Iowa, US in the 1860 Iowa federal census.
Stephen was born at the end of the long, troubled reign of George III and seven years before Queen Victoria was born. Redruth was a large mining and manufacturing community set amid the red-hued, tin-rich hills of Cornwall. The town rang to the sound of Cornish folk coursing in a language someone from 20 miles down the road might have had trouble understanding. The Cornish dialect is usually spoken, not written and each parish had it's own dialect. There are only 5 verbs in the language, reflexive to the gender of the speaker and the gender and age of the listener.
On 4 September 1837, Stephen married Mary Terrill, as London General Register Office records it:
1837. Marriage solemnized by Banns in the Church of Redruth in the County of Cornwall No. 18, September 4, Stephen Bawden and Mary Terrill, Full age, Bachelor and Spinster. Occupation, Smith, Residence, Redruth; Fathers name, Stephen Bawden, Occupation of Father, Smith, Married in the Church of Redruth according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of England by me, J.W. HAWKELEY, Rector. This marriage was solemnized between us, Stephen Bawden, Mary Terrill; in the presence of us, Samuel Terrill, Sally Carbis.
Mary Terrill was born the 5th of 8 children at Redruth, 8 April 1817, daughter of Samuel and Mary Trewren Terrill of Redruth, Cornwall, UK.
In 1837, Victoria became Queen of England, beginning the golden years of the English Colonial Empire. Spains influence as a world power was waning, particularly in the Caribbean area. England, watchful for an opportunity to expand its empire, cast eyes on the mineral-rich island of Cuba.
Stephen and Mary had their first child, Elizabeth, christened 10 July 1838 on Green Lane in Redruth. She died 2 years later 24 June 1840. The Church of England didnt see a civil responsibility to register births, but only saw them as future tithers. A baptism or christening date was registered usually a month after the childs birth.
Just before the 1841 English census, the Stephen and Mary sailed to Cuba in the interest of president Stephens Sawanee Mining Company. The family settled in Cobra, in the hills above Santiago. Their 2nd and 3rd children were born here: Stephen Douglas Bawden and Henry Lightbourne Bawden. They spent some years here and returned to England [Redruth?] for the birth of their 4th child, William Henry.
On 23 December 1851, Stephen, 39 yo, landed in New York, NY, from Havana, Cuba, on the Norman, an American ship. There was no departure date.
The coal mining industry in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, was in full force when the Bawdens settled in Norristown, its county seat. The 1850 Philadelphia census lists the Bawden family: Stephen, Mary, seven-year-old Stephen Douglas, five-year-old Henry Lightbourne, and two-year-old William. Stephen lists his occupation as agent. It is probable that he was connected with the sale of coal-mining equipment manufactured in Redruth. Stephens sister, Matilda Bawden and Marys sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Terrill Clemo and her daughter, Elizabeth Clemo, have joined the family. Census says Clinson.
In the 1860 Pennsylvania Federal Census for Norristown taken 3 August 1860, 49-year-old Stephen Bawdens family includes: wife Mary, sons Stephen Douglas and Henry Lightbourne, 3 more children - Mary Terrill, Thomas John, George Washington; and Elizabeth Clemo and her 10-year-old daughter Elizabeth, 2 female servants 18-year-old Mary Douglas and 14-year-old Eliza White, both from England. Two-year-old son William, born in England, dies in Norristown 10 April 1851. Stephen gives his occupation as gentleman and states that his combined worth is $70,000.
The city of Davenport was established in 1836 just 4 years after the Blackhawk War [21 Sept 1832], which made settlement west of the Mississippi River possible. Population in 1850 was 1,848. By 1860, the population of Davenport reached 20,000, while the once-promising Rockingham had become almost a ghost town. By 1860, railroads had made travel relatively speedy and inexpensive. Stephen came to the area in advance of his family to purchase land. On 31 July 1860, Stephen, still a resident of Norristown, purchased part of Section 4 in Rockingham Township, Scott County, IA, from William and Mary Platts for $6,500. On 12 September 1860, more land is deeded in Section 4 by James G. And Margaret Mossman and on 20 September 1860, Willard and Anna Hutchinson Barrows deed land to him in the same section. Both September deeds give Stephens residence as Scott County, so the family became residents between 4 August and 11 September 1860. The Platts, next-door neighbor John Harrison and wife Jane, and Harrisons next-door neighbor Mary More and her mother Mary A. Foster were all from England. It might be that Stephen was previously acquainted with one or all of these families and they may have enticed him to bring his family and mining equipment manufacturing agency to this bituminous coal-mining area.
Rockingham is the smallest township in the county, and many historical scenes center there. Its settlement began simultaneously with Princeton and LeClaire, just upriver. During the years 1835, '36 and '37, a few settlers made claims along the bluffs, and the edge of the prairie. Rockingham Township was annexed to Davenport 22 January 1958.
Stephen owned most of the northwest quarter of Section 4 consisting of about 160 acres. The southeast corner lay along the Mississippi River adjacent to Offermanns Island, now Credit Island. The road leading to Rockingham ran through the center of the Bawden property now known in city/county registers as Bawdens Addition.
Stephen moved into this pastoral setting he called Valley Farm. On the bluffs were large estates and summer places built by the Putnam, Fejervary, and Dillon families and some who came from St. Louis to escape the summer heat.
He set up a farm and built a large two-story stucco home with cyclone cellar. There is now Roosevelt Public School - a K-3 public school - closed, now a community center - where Stephen and Marys home was built (1220 Minnie Ave., Davenport, Scott County, Iowa). The Iowa Agricultural Census for 1870 and 1880 indicates Stephen would be a gentleman farmer. Only 18 of his 160 acres were cultivated, he had only 2 horses, 2 dairy cows, 25 barnyard fowl, and 9 swine. In a 20-year period, he didnt earn more than $1000 per year.
He died at his home of a paralytic stroke 18 October 1881 at the age of 69. Mary moved to her daughter Mary Terrill Iles home at 614 E. 13th St. in Davenport where she died of general disability 8 December 1884. The family belonged to the Methodist Church. Mary and Stephen are buried in Davenports Oakdale Memorial Gardens in a plot marked by a huge BAWDEN family marker (sarcophagus), and headstones also marking sons Albert L. and Dr. Henry Lightbourne Bawden, baby Clark Bawden (Henrys son), female 5 yo M. B. Knotwell who died of cholera. (Matildas child??)[See Find-a-Grave]