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The McKinnon brothers and the Long sisters

From the book "History of Baker, Grant, Malheur and Harney counties" page 674

Robert J. McKinnon----This noteworthy pioneer is a man of energy, ability and stirling qualities of worth, having brought with a ready hand and willing heart in the noble work of developing the western wilds and now he is one of the well todo and respected stockmen and farmers of Harney county, residing about nine miles northwest of Burns, on Currey Garden creek.

Robert J. was born in Hancock county Indiana, on January 22, 1837, being the son of Thomas D. and Elizabeth McKinnon. He attended school in a log cabin with a mud chimney, and the expenses of the school were born by subscription. In 1853 he removed to Des Moines county, Iowa, and in 1857 the family moved to Page county, Iowa and there on November 7, 1858, our subject married Miss Emily II, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Long, who had resided in Indiana, where our subject was born, and these young people had been raised together. In 1861 our subject and his wife moved to Keokuk county, Iowa, and thence to Des Moines county, Iowa and in 1863 he came via Panama to California, then to Virginia City, Nevada, and took up mining and lumbering and in 1864 he went to Downing, California, and there did the same work until 1865, when he came back to his Iowa home. In 1869 he removed to Jackson county, Missouri, and in 1877, he returned to Page county, Iowa, whence he journeyed to California, settling in Shasta county. He entered government land and also did freighting. In the fall of 1881 he went to Red Bluff, and in 1886 he came overland to Harney valley. He lived in Burns on a rented farm and did freighting until 1888, when he came to his present place, which is well improved with good house, orchard, shrubbery, and so forth. He handles stock, mostly horses.

To Mr. and Mrs. McKinnon there have been eleven children, James Edward, of Cornucopia, Baker county; Mrs Ida M. McCampbell, of Shasta county, California; Robert J., near Burns; Andrew J.. of Santa Rosa, California, who was Sheriff of this county from 1896 to 1900, being elected both times on the Democratic ticket; Mrs. Lucy Baird, of South Dakota; Mrs. Belle Dora Clark, of Harney, her husband being superintendent of the French Glen ranches; Thomas D. of Cornucopia; Hattie Elizabeth, deceased, Mrs. Emma Alice Clark, near Burns; William L., who was killed in Burns in 1898; Mrs. Elsie Cleveland of this county; Mrs. Essie Geneva Smith, of Burns. Mr. McKinnon owns half interest in a good mining property in Virtue district in Baker county. He also took a trip to Alaska in 1900, and also went the next year prospecting and mining, and made the trip in 1902, He has a good farm of one-quarter section.

From the above account we find Robert J. McKinnon, Sr. was a vagabond. He did more traveling than a lot of present day Americans. The account about traveling to California via Panama suggests he disembarked from a ship on the east coast of Panama and then trekked west and embarked on another ship probably destined for San Francisco. It is likely he traveled on the famous American Clipper Ships. The Panama Canal was not completed until 1914 and when he traveled across it was still part of Columbia. Not only was he a vagabond but he apparently had a bad case of "gold fever". This trip to California was dangerous. Many thousands subsequently died building the Panama Canal from Malaria and Yellow Fever. From my reconstruction of events it appears Robert J. Sr. made this trip solo. His return trip to Iowa was undoubtedly by the new transcontinental railroad.

In 1877 two brothers married to two sisters ventured west. They left their homes in Iowa and
ventured west to Shasta county California. Brothers Theophalis Addison MCKINNON and Robert Jackson MCKINNON, Sr. were married to sisters Sarah Jane LONG and Emily Harriet LONG respectively Robert and Emily were accompanied by their children James Edward, John, Robert Jackson Jr., Andrew Johnson, Lucy Jane, Belle Dora, Thomas Daniel and Elsie Ollie. Theophalis and Sarah were accompanied by their children Jasper Allen, Elizabeth Ellen, Sarah Jane, Ellis and Lilly.

The transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869 so it is probable the two families embarked from Council Bluffs, Iowa and disembarked at or near Redding, California. Ticket prices from New York City to San Francisco in 1880 was $65. for bench seats. Prices from Council Bluffs to Redding were probably in the area of $50. or a total of about $800 to $900 for all seventeen people. A small fortune in those days.

It is probable they came with the shirts on their backs and little else. Where were they headed and for what? In 1881 Emma Alice McKinnon was born in Anderson, California to Robert and Emily. Whether or not Anderson was the original plan we can't be sure. Anderson is located about 10 miles south of Redding. I believe they had gold fever. From Shasta County History we find:

Gold Mining

The first known discovery was made by Pierson B. Reading in 1848 on a bar in Clear Creek which soon became the site of the settlement of One Horse Town. However, it is possible gold mining was already taking place by Oregon miners prior to his discovery.

In 1853 the local newspaper reported there wasnt a river, creek, gulch, or ravine in Shasta County that didnt contain gold. Mining began in a haphazard way with shovels, picks, pans, even knives and spoons.

Gold dominated the mineral economy of Shasta County until 1897 when copper became king.

By the census of 1880 it appears the brothers had given up on the idea of gold if that had ever been their intent. The census report listed Robert's occupation as Teamster and Theophalis's as Farmer.

History shows Theophalis took up permanent residence in Shasta county, not so with Robert. Approximately 1882 Robert Jackson MCKINNON and his family and two nephews were on the move again. This time it was Harney county Oregon. The route from Shasta county California to Harney county Oregon had been been well developed by wealthy ranchers. Some of the great ranchers of the west had developed huge ranches in this locale. Famous names such as Pete French and the Miller Lux Company had taken hold of great expanses. An excerpt from "Valley of Heart's Delight" gives a partial view of the immensity of the Miller Lux ranch.

Henry Miller reckoned his holdings by the square mile, not by the acre, and a bit of evidence he gave in court some years ago---entertaining reading today. "In taking it ranch after ranch," he said, "In Santa Clara County it has a extent of twenty-four miles north and south, and about seven to eight miles east and west. In Merced County we have thirty-six miles north and south, and then about thirty-two miles east and west. The Malheur property is an extent of ninety miles northwest to southeast, and about sixty miles north to south. Then comes the purchase of what we call the Todhunter & Devine property. That lies in Harney County, Ore., and comprises over seven-tenths of 125 miles north and south and about seventy-five miles east and west, with a good distance in between. There is no doubt whatever, however, that the amount of the Miller & Lux holdings have been greatly overestimated. A special writer for one of the noted San Francisco dailies gave an estimate of 14,539,000 acres, but behind these astounding figures was a journalistic purpose of exaggerating, for with ownership and leases combined, the total would not reach half of that figure. The richest holdings are in Merced and Madera counties, and amount to probably 350,000 acres. The Buttonwillow district will swell the total by 200,000 more, and Fresno County and other districts will probably increase the San Joaquin holdings to 700,000 acres, and there are nearly 20,000 acres in the region of Gilroy, and other, smaller tracts scattered over the state. The Miller & Lux acreage in the states of Nevada and Oregon will bring the grand total up to nearly 3,000,000 acres. It is a common saying among stockmen that Henry Miller could travel from the Idaho line to the Mexican border and camp on his own land every night; and no other man in America ever has, or ever will again, control such an immense acreage of agricultural lands. It almost staggers belief that this tremendous empire was owned and occupied by one man's interests, and was nearly all under his personal supervision. Henry Miller was almost continually on the move in the years of his health and activity, for he did most of his work in the days before the automobile, though he was one of the first to import a fine French car. He came to dislike the machine, however, owing to the rough roads he was generally compelled to travel, and in rather short order he discarded it again, and once more took to either his favorite buggy or buckboard, in making his round of visits across the vast Miller & Lux ranches.

From the above description we can readily see the road was open to Harney county Oregon albeit on someone elses land. We know Robert Jackson MCKINNON probably had at least one freight wagon and possibly more since his lively hood was that of a teamster. Those that traveled with Robert was his wife Emily Harriet Long, his children John E., Ida May, Robert Jackson Jr., Andrew Johnson, Lucy Jane, Belle Dora, Thomas Daniel, Emma Alice and Elsie Ollie. Two sons of Theophalis and Sarah Jane, Jasper Allen and Ellis accompanied Robert Jackson to Harney county Oregon. The distance was about 340 miles. This had to be 340 miles of ugly. There isn't much out there. If you were lucky you might view some deer or cattle.

It is an assumption of mine, that Robert Jackson MCKINNON,Sr.continued the freighting business the remainder of his working life. His son, Robert Jackson MCKINNON,Jr. and his grandson Clarence Roy MCKINNON were active in the freighting business in Burns. They owned three barns known as the White Front, Red Front and Blue Front barns in Burns. They owned the mail business around Burns for as far away as Ontario, Oregon and the hearse business. Sometime in the early 1900's a fire started in one of the three barns which in turn burned about half of Burns to the ground.

Following are genealogical accounts of:
1.Thomas Dillow MCKINNON
2.Robert Jackson MCKINNON, Sr.
3.Theaphalis MCKINNON
4.Daniel LONG
5.Jasper MCKINNON

1.Generation 1. Thomas Dillow McKinnon
Thomas Dillow McKinnon
Birth 1809 in Boone County Kentucky, USA
Death 28 Oct 1882 in Lowell county Iowa
Married to:Elizabeth Smith
Birth 5 February 1816 in Washington, Virginia, USA
Death Oct 16 1893 in Lowell county Iowa
Issue of Thomas and Elizabeth:
Mary McKinnon
Theophalis Addison McKinnon
1834 1907
Thomas Jefferson McKinnon
1835 1904
Robert Jackson. McKinnon Sr.
1837 1920
Josephine McKinnon
1838 1918
Daniel S McKinnon
1840 1914
James Monroe McKinnon
1844 1925
Isabella McKinnon
1846 1937
Ann Eliza McKinnon
1849 1918
John Quincy McKinnon
1850 1931
Lillian Sarah McKinnon
1852
William A McKinnon
1855
Baby Girl McKinnon
1856
Stephen Samuel McKinnon
1859 1905
Turtullus McKinnon
1859

2.Generation 2:Robert Jackson McKinnon, Sr.
Robert Jackson. McKinnon Sr.
Birth Jan 22 1837 in Indiana, United States
Death 13 Apr 1920 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:Emily Harriet Long
Birth 24 Mar 1843 in Indiana, United States
Death 18 Jul 1911 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Issue of Robert and Emily:
James Edward McKinnon
1859
John E McKinnon
1859
Ida May McKinnon
1861 1950
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon
1863 1932
Andrew Johnson McKinnon
1866 1903
Lucy Jane McKinnon
1868 1957
Belle Dora McKinnon
1870 1940
Harriet E McKinnon
1871 1871
Thomas Daniel McKinnon
1872 1948
Emma Alice McKinnon
1877 1930
Elsie Ollie McKinnon
1881 1965
William E McKinnon
1883 1898
Essie Geneva McKinnon
1897

3.Generation 2.Theaphalis Addison McKinnon
Theophalis Addison McKinnon
Birth Sep 13 1834 in Rush, Rushville, In,USA
Death Apr 20 1907 in Riverside, Orange, Ca, USA
Married to:Sarah Jane Long
Birth abt 1834 in Indiana
Death ??
Issue of Theaphalis and Sarah:
Jasper Allen McKinnon
1859 1948
Elizabeth Ellen McKinnon
1862 1930
Olivia McKinnon
1864 1880
Ellis McKinnon
1868 1930
Lilly McKinnon
1870 1880

4.Generation 1.Daniel Long
Daniel Long
Birth 1809 in Ohio USA
Death After 1880 in Buried in New Market Cemetary, New Market, Iowa
Married to:Elizabeth Zumwalt...Eliizabeth is related to Daniel Boone and Dwight Eisenhower
Birth SEP 1809 in Adams Co., Ohio
Death After 1870
Issue of Daniel and Elizabeth:
Josephus Long
1831
Allen Long
1832
Nancy Ann Long
1834 1919
Sarah Jane Long
1834
Jasper Long
1839 1904
Emily Harriet Long
1843 1911
Anson Long
1845 1915

5.Generation 3.Jasper McKinnon
Jasper Allen McKinnon
Birth abt 1859 in Iowa
Death 11 Mar 1948 in Harney, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:Georgia Ann Claybrook
1872 1946
Issue of Jasper and Georgia:
Edna Ethyl McKinnon
1894 1940
James Albert McKinnon
1895 1972
Dell Roy McKinnon
1907 1949
Julia L Mckinnon
1910 2002

The Revolutionary War Patriot Family of Nancy HARRISON MCKINNON

History of The Revolutionary War is full of patriotic families. Perhaps no family sacrificed more than the family of my ggg grandmother Nancy HARRISON married to my ggg grandfather Daniel MCKINNON. Research shows her Father Captain William HARRISON, her grandfather Colonel William Crawford, her great uncle Colonel Valentine Crawford, a cousin William CRAWFORD and an uncle Lieutenant Battaille HARRISON all died in the cause of the Revolution. In addition two uncles, Benjamin HARRISON and John Vance CRAWFORD served in the war. Nancy was ten years old when her father, grandfather and cousin were killed. For the most part, history has been generous in giving accounts of their deaths.

The first account involves the deaths of the first three individuals:
(i) Colonel William CRAWFORD (Killed)
(2) Captain William HARRISON (Killed)
(3) William CRAWFORD (nephew of Colonel William CRAWFORD) (Killed)
(4) John Vance CRAWFORD (son of Colonel William Crawford) accompanied the expedition but survived

William Crawford Biographical Sketch
William Crawford (2 Sep 1732 11 June 1782) was an American soldier and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was tortured and burnt at the stake by American Indians (Native Americans) in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre, a notorious incident near the end of the American Revolution.

Early Career

Crawford was born in Orange County, Virginia, at a location which is now in Berkeley County, West Virginia. He was a son of William Valentine Crawford and his wife Honora Grimes, who were Scots-Irish farmers. After his father's death in 1736, his mother married Richard Stephenson. Crawford had a younger brother, Valentine Crawford, plus five half-brothers and one half-sister from his mother's second marriage. In 1749, Crawford became acquainted with George Washington, then a young surveyor the same age as Crawford. He accompanied Washington on surveying trips and learned the trade. In 1755, Crawford served in the Braddock expedition with the rank of ensign. Like Washington, he survived the disastrous Battle of the Monongahela. During the French and Indian War, he served in Washington's Virginia Regiment, guarding the Virginia frontier against Native American raiding parties. In 1758, Crawford was a member of General John Forbes's army which captured Fort Duquesne, where Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania now stands. He continued to serve in the military, taking part in Pontiac's War in 1763.In 1765 Crawford built a cabin on the Braddock Road along the Youghiogheny River in what is now Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. His wife and three children joined him there the following year. Crawford supported himself as a farmer and fur trader. When the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois opened up additional land for settlement, Crawford worked again as a surveyor, locating lands for settlers and speculators. Governor Robert Dinwiddie had promised bounty land to the men of the Washington's Virginia Regiment for their service in the French and Indian War. In 1770 Crawford and Washington travelled down the Ohio River to choose the land to be given to the regiment's veterans. The area selected was near what is now Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Crawford also made a western scouting trip in 1773 with Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia. Washington could not accompany them because of the sudden death of his stepdaughter. At the outbreak of Dunmore's War in 1774, Crawford received a major's commission from Lord Dunmore. He built Fort Fincastle at present Wheeling, West Virginia. He also led an expedition which destroyed two Mingo villages (near present Steubenville, Ohio) in retaliation for Chief Logan's raids into Virginia. During the expedition, Crawford's men rescued two captives held by American Indians, killing six and capturing 14 Indians. Crawford's service to Virginia in Dumore's War was controversial in Pennsylvania, since the colonies were engaged in a bitter dispute over their borders near Fort Pitt. Crawford had been a justice of the peace in Pennsylvania since 1771, first for Bedford County, then for Westmoreland County when it was established in 1773. Arthur St. Clair, another Pennsylvania official, called for Crawford to be removed from his office, which was done in January 1775. Beginning in 1776, Crawford served as a surveyor and justice for Virginia's short-lived Yohogania County.

American Revolution

When the American Revolutionary War began, Crawford recruited a regiment for the Virginia Line of the Continental Army. On 11 October 1776, the Continental Congress appointed him colonel of the 7th Virginia Regiment. Crawford led his regiment in the Battle of Long Island and the retreat across New Jersey. He crossed the Delaware with Washington and fought at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. During the Philadelphia campaign, he commanded a scouting detachment for Washington's army. After the war on the western frontier intensified in 1777, Crawford was transferred to the Western Department of the Continental Army. He served at Fort Pitt under Generals Edward Hand and Lachlan McIntosh. Crawford was present at the Treaty of Fort Pitt in 1778, and helped to build Fort Laurens and Fort McIntosh that year. Resources were scarce on the frontier, however, and Fort Laurens was abandoned in 1779. In 1780, Crawford visited Congress to appeal for more funds for the western frontier. In 1781, he retired from military service.

Crawford Expedition

In 1782, General William Irvine persuaded Crawford to come out of retirement and lead an expedition against enemy Indian villages along the Sandusky River. Before leaving, on 16 May he made out his will and testament. His son John Crawford, his son-in-law William Harrison, and his nephew and namesake William Crawford also joined the expedition. After his election as commander of the expedition, Crawford led about 500 volunteers deep into American Indian territory with the hope of surprising them. However, the Indians and their British allies at Detroit had learned about the expedition in advance, and brought about 440 men to the Sandusky to oppose the Americans. After a day of indecisive fighting, the Americans found themselves surrounded. During a confused retreat, Crawford and dozens of his men were captured.

Execution of Crawford

The Indians executed many of them in retaliation for the Gnadenhtten massacre earlier in the year, in which about 100 peaceful Christian Indian men, women, and children had been murdered by Pennsylvania militiamen. Crawford's execution was brutal; he was tortured for at least two hours before he was burned at the stake. His nephew and son-in-law were also captured and executed. The war ended shortly thereafter, but Crawford's horrific execution was widely publicized in the United States, worsening the already strained relationship between Native Americans and European Americans.

Reaction of George Washington to Crawfords Death

"It is with the greatest sorrow and concern that I have learned the melancholy tidings of Colonel Crawfords death. He was known to me as an officer of much care and prudence; brave, experienced and active. The manner of his death was shocking to me; and I have this day communicated to the honorable, the Congress, such papers as I have regarding it. In a letter to Irvine , at Fort Pitt, written on the 6th of August, Washington further stated: I lament the failure of the expedition against Sandusky, and am particularly affected with the disastrous death of Colonel Crawford.
Legacy

In 1982, the site of Colonel Crawford's execution was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 1994, the Wyandot County (Ohio) Patriotic Citizens erected an 8.5 ft (2.6 m) Berea sandstone monument at the site. The Ohio Historical Society also has an historical marker nearby. Crawford County, Ohio, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, and Crawford County, Indiana are named for William Crawford. So too is Colonel Crawford High School in North Robinson, Ohio.

The second account is the death of Colonel Valentine CRAWFORD

Col. Valentine Crawford--Bio
[The following biolgraphy comes from the Obanion Family tree at: http://www.dave-francis.com/genealogy/obanionfamily/pafn15.htm#431 ]

"BIOGRAPHY: Valentine died at age 52, Intestate (without a will). He fell through theice (the ice) while returning home, in Washington Co., PA. Colonel William Crawford took the body to Bullskin Creek, Shepherdstown, WVA, and buried it beside his mother, Honora Crawford Stephenson, born Honora Grimes. His body was interred Jan. 9, 1777 in West Virginia, Bullskin Church Cemetary, WV. He married three times. His first wife was Catherine ??, then Sarah Morgan ( or Ann Connell), then Rachel ??. Valentine Crawford Jr., and his brother William Crawford, enlisted in the British Army in 1754 at Winchester , VA. Both took oath to the King of England. Valentine was commissioned Colonel in the Virginia Militia in December of 1776 and served as Wagon Master General. Valentine acted as a secretary or an assistant to George Washington. He is reported to have been elected to the Virginia House of Burgess and voted in that body in 1758. Valentine was a private in the Augusta Co.,VA militia in 1775, stationed at Fort Finecastle. On October 1, 1776, he was stationed at Fort Henry (now Wheeling, WV). He was a Colonel in the Virginia State Militia Troops from 1776 to 1777. He was a resident of Tyrone Township, Fayette Co.,PA in 1772-1775. Valentine Crawford Jr. applied for 100 acres of land in Frederick Co.,VA in 1748, about the time of his marriage and purchased (paid for) the land on 6-21-1754.
(Evelyn Pope)"

The third acount is the death of Battaille HARRISON

[TRANSCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT IMAGE: STATEMENT OF MAJOR
HENRY BEDINGER]
To whom it may Concern,
I Henry Bedinger of the County of Berkeley & State of Virginia declare that Col'o Hugh
Stephenson of said County was Commissioned a Colonel of a Rifle Regiment on the 8th
day of July 1776; that Abraham Shepherd was also Commissioned a Captain, Samuel
Finley 1st Lieutenant, William Kelly, second Lieutenant, & my self, third Lieutenant in
said Company on the 9th day of July 1776, in and for said Regiment, that our instructions
were to inlist men for three years, that Captain William Brady of the same County was
appoint a Captain, William Pile first Lieutenant, Christopher Brady second Lieutenant and
Battail Harrison third Lieutenant to raise a Company of men for the same Regiment and
enlist the men for the same time, that the said Captains Abraham Shepherd & William
Brady did raise their Companies, & immediately marched them including the Officers to
Camp at Bergen Opposite to New York where Lieutenant Col'o Moses Rawlings had
assumed the Command of said Reg't (Col'o Hugh Stephenson having died in August) that
soon thereafter this Reg't was ordered to the defense of Fort Washington on York Island
including the abovenamed Officers, that Lieuten't Christopher Brady died in Camp or its
vicinity about the 12th of November 1776 while in Service, that the said Regiment was on
the 16th November 1776 in the Battle and .......... of Fort Washington mainly destroyed
and Captured by the enemy, that Lieutenant Battail Harrison was killed in that Action,
that Lieutenant Pile of Bradys Company was with most of the officers of said Regiment
made prison... of War, and not exchanged until the first day of November 1780, that said
William Pile did not Continue in Service or resume his Command after he was exchanged.
Captain William Brady was Captured, and as I was also detained a prisoner nearly four
years [say?] to 1st November 1780, I am unable say if Captain Brady did Serve his full
three years - but this I know that the Heirs of Col'o High Stephenson did receive the
bounty land promised by the State of Virginia as did his Widow the Public allowance
promised to the widows of Officers who died in the Service, and I also know that
Lieutenant William Pile and the Heirs of Lieutenant Ballail Harrison did receive the
bounty lands promised by Virginia, and therefore presumed that the heirs of Captain
William Brady & Lieutenant Christopher Brady are entitled to Virginia bounty lands,
neither Captain William Brady or Lieutenant Christopher Brady had any Child or
Children the latter of these Officers died in that County not many years after the
Revolutionary War
Given, under my hand this 24th day of December 1830
Henry Bedinger, Captain
in the 5th Virginia Regt
Revolutionary Army

Genealogy of Nancy Harrison's Revolutionary War patriots

Generation 1:
Valentine CRAWFORD
Birth 1692 in , , Delaware, USA
Death 1726 in Berkeley, James, Virginia, USA
Married to: Honora GRIMES
Birth About 1700 in Norfolk Cty Virginia United States
Death 1777 in Stephardstown, Berkley Virginia USA
Issue of Valentine and Honora:
Mary Crawford
1716
Elizabeth Crawford
1718
Martha Crawford
1720 1734
William Crawford Colonel (Killed in Revolutionary War)
1722 1782
Valentine "Colonel" Crawford (Killed in Revolutionary War)
1724 1777
Elizabeth Crawford
1728

Generation 2:
William CRAWFORD Colonel (Killed in Revolutionary War)
Birth 2 Sep 1722 in Berkeley County, Virginia, USA
Married to:Hannah VANCE
Birth 11 Apr 1732 in Valley of the Shenendoah Virginia USA
Death 1817 in New Haven, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of William and Hannah
Ann Crawford
1743 1783
John Vance Crawford
1744 1816
Sarah Sally Crawford
1748 1838
Orphelia Effie Crawford
1751 1821
Nancy Crawford
1767 1842

Generation 3:
Sarah Sally CRAWFORD
Birth About 1748 in Fayette Co. Pa. USA
Death Nov 10 1838 in Fayette Co Pennsylvania
Married to:William HARRISON Captain (Killed in Revolutionary War)
Birth About 1740 in Orange Virginia USA
Death Jan 11 1782 in Sandusky Erie Ohio USA
Issue of Sally and William
Sally Harrison
1766
Nancy Harrison (My gggg grandmother)
1772 1856
Harriet Harrison
1772
Battle Harrison
1776
John Harrison
1778 1850
Mary Polly Harrison
1780

Generation 2.1:
Lawrence HARRISON
Birth 1720 in Monroe, Amherst, Virginia, United States
Death Jan 1772 in Tyrone, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to:
Catherine Marmaduke
Birth Abt 1721 in Orange, Virginia, United States
Death Feb 2 1836 in Harrison County Kentucky
Issue of Lawrence and Catherine:
Battaile Harrison (Killed in Revolutionary War)
1740 1776
William Harrison Captain (Killed in Revolutionary War)
1740 1782
Catherine Harrison
1744 1824
Benjamin Harrison (Served in Revolutionary War)
1750 1808
Lawrence Harrison
1753 1833
Elizabeth Harrison
1756 1841
John Harrison
1760
Robert Harrison
1760
Mary Harrison
1761 1836

Generation 2.1:
Valentine "Colonel" CRAWFORD (KILLED in Revolutionary War)
Birth 1724 in Berkeley Co, VA
Death 17 January 1777 in Jacobs Creek, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, USA
Married to:Sarah MORGAN
Birth 1736 in Virginia, USA
Death 15 Feb 1774 in Frederick, Virginia, USA
Issue of Valentine and Sarah:
John Crawford
1753 1796
William Crawford (Killed in Revolutionary War)
1753 1782
George Washington Crawford
1760 1819

Generation 4:
Nancy HARRISON (My gggg grandmother)
Birth Dec 30 1772 in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 6 Dec 1856 in Moore Twp.Logan, Ohio, United States
Married to:Daniel MCKINNON
Birth Apr 9 1767 in Fayette City, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 25 Aug 1837 in Moorefield, Clark, Ohio, United States
Issue of Nancy and Daniel:
William Harrison "Judge" McKinnon
1789 1861
Daniel McKinnon
1791 1864
Theophelus McKinnon
1795
John Benjamin McKinnon
1796 1850
Catherine "Katie" McKinnon
1797 1849
Uriah McKinnon
1797 1849
Josiah McKinnon
1804 1837
Sarah McKinnon
1806 1894
Thomas Dillow McKinnon
1809 1882

Generation 5:
Thomas Dillow MCKINNON
Birth 1809 in Boone County Kentucky, USA
Death 28 Oct 1882 in Lowell,Iowa
Married to:Elizabeth SMITH
Birth Feb 5 1814 in ,Washington,Virginia,USA
Death May 1880 in Lee, Virginia
Issue of Thomas and Elizabeth:
Mary McKinnon
Theophalis Addison McKinnon
1834 1907
Thomas Jefferson McKinnon
1835 1904
Robert Jackson. McKinnon Sr.
1837 1920
Josephine McKinnon
1838 1918
Daniel S McKinnon
1840 1914
James Monroe McKinnon
1844 1925
Isabella McKinnon
1846 1937
Ann Eliza McKinnon
1849 1918
John Quincy McKinnon
1850 1931
Lillian Sarah McKinnon
1852
William A McKinnon
1855
Baby Girl McKinnon
1856
Stephen Samuel McKinnon
1859 1905
Turtullus McKinnon
1859

Generation 6:
Robert Jackson MCKINNON Sr.
Birth Jan 22 1837 in Indiana, United States
Death 13 Apr 1920 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:Emily Harriet LONG
Birth 24 Mar 1843 in Indiana, United States
Death 18 Jul 1911 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Issue of Robert and Emily:
John E McKinnon
1859
Ida May McKinnon
1861 1950
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon
1863 1932
Andrew Johnson McKinnon
1866 1903
Lucy Jane McKinnon
1868 1957
Belle Dora McKinnon
1870
Harriet E McKinnon
1871 1871
Thomas Daniel McKinnon
1872 1948
Emma Alice McKinnon
1875
Elsie Ollie McKinnon
1876
William E McKinnon
1883 1898
Essie Geneva McKinnon
1897

Generation 7:
Robert Jackson Jr, MCKINNON
Birth 12 Sep 1863 in Iowa
Death 3 Nov 1932 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:Laura Ann GALLOWAY
Birth Mar 15 1868 in Elk City Benton Oregon USA
Death Jun 21 1915 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Issue of Robert and Laura:
Clarence Roy McKinnon
1889 1959
Eula Lea McKinnon
1891 1973
Ralph Earl McKinnon
1898 1961
Gladys Delta McKinnon
1900
Otho Walter McKinnon
1903 1975
Cleo Addison McKinnon
1909
Leo Addis McKinnon
1909

Generation 8:
Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA
Married to:Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Issue of Clarence and Mamie:
Mava Lurhea McKinnon
1922
Felice Grace McKinnon
1923 2002
Robert Prill McKinnon
1928 1999
Dale Lynn McKinnon
1932

My MCKINNON Genealogy

My MCKINNON Genealogy
by Harney 1 year, 8 months ago
My MCKINNON Clan

1st Generation:Lord Michael MCKINNON b abt 1708 on Isle of Skye Invernrss Shire Scotland and m to Mamie ?
Issue:Daniel and Joseph. Lord Michael, Daniel and Joseph all immigrated to the new world before 1753.

2nd Generatio:
Daniel; Son of Lord Michael and Mamie b abt 1730 on Isle of Skye Inverness Shire Scotland and d abt 1776. Much conjecture surrounds Daniel. I have spent considerable time resolving the confusion. Some genealogists list him with four wives. After some research I believe he was married once. Part of the problem surrounds a Catherine LANHAM and a Catherine DAWSON. Catherine DAWSON married Edward LANHAM and this marriage produced one child, Robert Poore LANHAM. Edward LANHAM died young and the widow Catherine married Daniel MCKINNON about 1760 in Pennsylvania. I am unable to ascertain why Catherine was nicknamed Polly. Daniel and Catherine's first child was a Catherine and nicknamed Katie. Following is an account of the marriage:

By Lucille T Cox

East Liverpool Review 14 July 1938

The Isle of Skye off the coast of Scotland produces men who place duty before personal inclinations. Such a man was Lord Michael McKinnon, native of the island. He trained his children to adhere to their ideas and sacrifice everything to duty.

Early in 1770, two of his sons, Daniel and Joseph, came to America. Daniel, a high Episcopal preacher to George IV of England, was sent by the crown to the Church at Philadelphia.

He was a man of decided opinions and did not fit in well with the growing tendency in the colonies to question the crowns authority. He was a staunch Royalist and preached his convictions from the pulpit. His belief, however, did not prevent his marriage to Miss Polly Dawson, a lovely colonial girl, who was a member of an ardent Whig family.

For everal years Polly was very happy with her ecclesiastical husband. A daughter, whom they named Katie, was born.

The young wife, however, did experience troublesome moments when her family reproached her for her husbands denunciation of the American cause.

One night Polly retired early. Later she was awakened by angry shouting in the lower hall. She went to the top of the wide, shallow stairway and looked down into the hall. Below were a number of men. In the front line, pressing close to her husband, who was standing on the second step, were her father and brother, Daniel. The minister, partially dressed, his thin intelligent face pale in the light of the candelabrum, was speaking quietly.

I will not take the Oath of Allegiance against my king. I am the servant of the Church and His Majesty is its head. I will not denounce him for a group of people who are rebelling against a just and kind ruler.

Wrathful shouts filled the hall. The colonists surged forward but Rev McKinnon did not move. Pollys brother looked up and saw his sister standing in the shadows. If ye will not take the oath, then ye must go back to England and my sister and her child will stay her in America, he shouted.

The minister turned quickly and held out his hand to his wife, who came swiftly down the steps. Daniel, she said, please take these men and go away. My husband and I will settle this question.

Finally the crown dispersed and Polly turned back up the stairs, accompanied byher husband. But neither slept that night. Polly pleaded and begged that he take the Oath of Allegiance, but her husband remained adamant. Finally the girl decided words were useless. She was sad at the thought of leaving her family, but there was no question in her loyal heart but that she must go with her husband. Her family decided otherwise. They forced her to change her mind and she left her husband with these last words ringing in her ears: If you go with them, Polly, we will never see each other again.

Family obligations ruled, however, for Polly, and one bleak winter morning Daniel McKinnon sailed for England, alone.

Daniel Dawson sold all his possessions and together with his family, Polly, and the baby started West. They crossed the Allegheny Mountains on pack mules. Snow and bitter cold combined with the danger of Indian attacks to harass the little party until it reached fort Pitt. Polly was apathetic. She loved her husband and in her heart was hoping for the time when he would either come or send for her. At times Daniel Dawson was conscience-stricken as he watched his sister, but he was certain the family decision was right.

The party remained at Fort Pitt until spring. In the meantime, Dawson had been hunting for a suitable place to farm. At las he found it, high on the hills overlooking the Ohio River, between Little and Big Beaver Creeks. Early in April he brought his family and sister to their new home. They were the first settlers in what is now Ohioville, Pennsylvania.

The young wife waited anxiously for those long expected mail days . But no mail arrived from England. Daniel McKinnon was keeping his promise. One day years later Joseph McKinnon, the younger brother who had chosen to remain in America, came to visit his sister-in-law. He told Polly her husband had been made a bishop in the Church and was a favorite of the King. He would never return to America.

From then until her death, Polly heard no more of her husband. She was buried in the Ohioville Cemetery.

Back to the real world, the dates and events I (Dale McKinnon) have, substantiate the story for the most part. I seriously doubt the story of Joseph relating Daniel being a Bishop in the Anglican church. I now believe he died at sea at Salawesi, Tangah, Indonesia in 1776. Perhaps he was on his way to a new mission field. At first glance I viewed Daniel with considerable disdain. I now have much more respect for him regardless of his political leanings. If all the parts of the story are correct, then we must assume Catherine was pregnant with our ancestor Daniel II born Apr 16 1767.



3rd Generation:Issue of Daniel MCKINNON (son of Lord Michael and Mamie) and spouse Catherine ? are: Catherine "Katie" b about 1766 and Daniel b Apr 16 1767 in Fayette City, Fayette Pennsylvania and d Aug 25 1837 in Moorefield Clark Ohio. Daniel married Nancy HARRISON 1772-1856. Although I am not going into the HARRISON line at this time it is mind boggling of the historic people she is related to. Through Nancy I am related to President James MADISON, Colonel William CRAWFORD, and all the royal families of Europe. Issue of Daniel MCKINNON and Nancy HARRISON are: Judge William 1789-1861, Daniel 1791-1864, Theaophelus 1795, John Benjamin 1796-1850, Uriah 1797-1849, Catherine 1800-1849, Josiah 1804-1837, Sarah 1806-1894 and Thomas Dillow 1809-1882 (Thomas Dillow is my line and we will continue from there to the exclusion of all other offspring.

4th Generation:Thomas Dillow son of Daniel, son of Daniel and son of Lord Michael; b 1809 in Boone County Kentucky and d Oct 28 1882 in Lowell Iowa married to Elizabeth SMITH 1814-1880. Issue of Thomas Dillow and Elizabeth are Mary ?-?, Theophalis Addison 1834-1897, Thomas Jefferson 1825-1904, Robert Jackson Sr, 1837-1920, Josephine 1838-1918, Daniel S. 1840-1918, James Monroe 1844-1925, Isabella 1846-1937, Ann Eliza 1849-1918, John Quincy 1850-1931, Lillian Sarah 1852-?, William A. 1855-?, Baby Girl 1856, Stephen Samuel 1859-1905 and Turtullus 1859-?. The genealogy will continue through Robert Jackson McKinnon to the exclusion of all other offspring except some history concerning Theophalis.

5th Generation:Before doing the lineage for Robert, a brief history of Theophalis and Robert is necessary. Robert and Theophalis married sisters. Theophalis married Sarah Jane LONG and Robert married Emily Harriet LONG. Sometime before 1863 the four removed from Iowa to Shasta County Calif. They travelled by wagon train. Needless to say, their offspring were double cousins and DNA as similar as full brothers and sisters. Sometime shortly before 1863 Robert and Emily took to the wagon train again and moved to what is now Harney County Oregon. They obviously traveled on the east side of the Sierras and Cascades and through what is now called the Alvord Desert of Oregon. Robert and several other Scottish families named the town of Burns Oregon after the poet Robert Burns. Robert Sr. b 1837 in Indiana and d Apr 13 1920 In Burns Harney Oregon, son of Thomas Dillow, son of Daniel, son of Daniel and son of Lord Michael. Issue of Robert Sr. and Emily are John E 1859-?, Ida May 1861-1950, Andrew Johnson 1866-1903 (separate story of Andrew under caption of "Sheriff Andrew McKinnon"), Lucy Jane 1866-1957, Bell Dora 1870-?, Harriet E. 1871-1871, Thomas Daniel 1872-1948, Emma Alice 1875-?, Elsie Ollie 1876-?, Wiilliam E. 1883-1898 and Essie Geneva 1897-?. The lineage will continue through Robert Jackson Jr. to the exclusion of all other descendants.

6th Generation:Robert Jackson Jr b Sep 12 1863 in Burns Harney Oregon and d Nov 3 1932 in Ontario Oregon and buried in Burns Harney Oregon., son of Robert Jackson Sr., son of Thomas Dillow, son of Daniel, son of Daniel and son of Lord Michael. Robert Jackson Jr. married Laura Ann GALLOWAY 1868-1915. Issue of Robert Jackson Jr. and Laura Ann are Clarence Roy 1889-1959, Eula Lea 1891-1973, Ralph Earl 1898-1961, Gladys Delta 1900-?, Cleo Addison 1901-?, Leo Addis 1901-? and Otho Walter 1903-1975. The lineage will now continue through Clarence Roy to the exclucion of all other descendants.

7th Generation:Clarence Roy son of Robert Jackson Jr., son of Robert Jackson Sr., son of Thomas Dillow, son of Daniel, son of Daniel and son of Lord Michael. Clarence Roy born Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot Harney Oregon and d Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Oregon and Buried at Willamette National Cemetary, Portland Oregon married twice to Eulalia P SMITH and to Mamie Veda PRILL. Issue Of Clarence Roy and Eulalia P
1895-1917 are Lavelle 1914-?, Dillon 1915-1932 (died in violent snowstorm in Wyoming Big Horn Mts.) and Denver 1917-1964. Issue of Clarence Roy and Mamie Veda are Mava Lurhea 1922-living, Felice Grace 1923-2002, Robert Prill 1928-1999, and Dale Lynn 1932-living. The lineage will now continue through Dale Lynn to the exclusion of all other descendants.

8th Generation:Dale Lynn son of Clarence Roy, son of Robert Jackson Jr., son of Robert Jackson Sr., son of Thomas Dillow, son of Daniel, son of Daniel, son of Lord Michael. Dale Lynn born May 3 1932 in Greybull Wy. and living, married three times to Lila Audrey THUMBERG b1936 and living, Diane DILLON, and Mary Kaye YOUNG. Issue of Dale Lynn and Lila Audrey are Melody Ann 1955 and living, Ronald Lynn 1956 and living, Dian Lila 1957 and living, Gary Dillon 1959 and living, and Deborah Anne 1961 and living.
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The Adams Family Migration to Oregon

Where no written history is available, bits and pieces of information are necessary to reconstruct events. The family of Bledsoe ADAMS and his wife Lucinda CANNON from Kentucky are a prime example. Bledsoe and Lucinda had five children, Elizabeth Jane, Foster, Richard Bledsoe, Jacob "Dock" and Elijah. Elizabeth Jane is my great grandmother. History has treated her somewhat better than her siblings. We know a good deal about her in familytreecircles.com by placing Galloway in the search field and invoking Galloway Roots:The Oregon Trail of 1864/65. Foster ADAMS has a rich legacy stretching into Oregon. Somewhat less is known about Jacob and Elijah. This journal does not trace the movement of Richard since he did not come to Oregon.

We must assume a steady flow of correspondence between Elizabeth Jane and her brothers beginning in 1865. This correspondence continued for more than thirty years. Elizabeth Jane and her husband John Thomas GALLOWAY and their little daughter Elizabeth Jane "Lizzy" GALLOWAY crossed the continent via The Oregon Trail. We can safely assume Elizabeth Jane missed her siblings deeply. At some point in time she convinced her brothers to join her in Oregon.

It is my belief the brothers Foster, Jacob or "Dock, and Elijah and their families struck out for Oregon at different times. At this point history becomes "fuzzy". The first brother to arrive is Elijah Adams, his wife Melvina Hill and their children. We get bits and pieces that they came by wagon train and three children died on the wagon train. We are almost certain they did not come over the "Oregon Trail". The time is about 1896 and rail transportation has supplanted the wagon trains. However, we cannot completely discount the story about Elijah and Melvina and death of their three children. In 1893 James J HILL completed his transcontinental railrod, The Great Northern, stretching from St. Paul Minnesota to Seattle Washington.

I am sure the Elijah and Melvina did not go all the way to Seattle. More likely they deported in Eastern Washington. The Columbia River enters the United States in north eastern Washington State. It travel south to a point about fifty miles west of Spokane Washington and then veers west until it abuts the Cascade Mts. and then heads south to the Oregon border. Most likely they deported the railroad at Wenatchee Washington.

If the stories surrounding Elijah ADAMS and Melvina HILL arriving in Heppner by wagon train are correct, then we must assume they occurred between Wenatchee and Heppner. This trip takes us through the Columbia River Basin. At the end of the last ice age a huge ice lake covered much of western Montana called Lake Missoula. About 12,000 years ago the ice dam broke and a terrific surge of water came tearing down the Columbia River. At the height of the surge the Columbia carried more water than all the rest of the rivers in the world combined. To give an idea of the immensity of the river, the entire city of Portland would have been covered with water including its tallest buildings. Even today, granite boulders can be found in the Willamette Valley courtesy of Montana and Canada.

Nowadays when driving through parts of the basin the land is a bairn escarpment where the river removed all soil and the only thing remaining are basalt canyons. Fortunately, there are routes much more amenable to beasts and wagons. For it is at this juncture in 1896 where Elijah

purchased wagons and beasts of burden. The beasts of burden probably were horses but they could have been mules or oxen. How many wagons and beasts are uncertain. Elijah and Melvina had a huge family, sometimes listed as sixteen children. Why do we place the date as 1896? Jacob "Dock" Adams one of the three children who apparently died on the trip is listed as dying in 1896 on a wagon train to Oregon.

In general, we must assume their wagon trip kept them near the Columbia River. Perhaps we can even say their trip took them to Pasco, Pendleton Oregon, Hermiston and finally to Heppner. At Pasco a river crossing was necessary. If the brothers stayed on the east side of the Columbia they would ferry the Snake River at Pasco. If they stayed on the west side of the Columbia they would ferry the Columbia at Pasco. From there the trip heads south to Pendleton, west to Hermiston and south to Heppner.

Why move to Heppner Oregon? It was likely because kin-folk were there. My great grandparents were nomads. John Thomas GALLOWAY and Elizabeth Jane ADAMS seemed constantly on the move. Elizabeth Jane gave birth to Michael Bledsoe GALLOWAY April 15 1865 in Dayton, Yamhill, Oregon, she gave birth to my grandmother Laura Ann GALLOWAY March 15 1868 in Elk City, Benton, Oregon, she gave birth to Sula Parlee GALLOWAY Aug. 3 1873 in Buena Vista, Polk, Oregon, she gave birth to Estella GALLOWAY Dec 6 1884 in Heppner, Morrow, Oregon, she gave birth to John Wesley GALLOWAY May 31, 1889 near Buttercreek, Morrow, Oregon and finally she died Jan 12 1912 in Clarkston, Asotin. Washington. John Thomas GALLOWAY was raised as a Methodist, and we can be certain he was a devout Methodist. He wanted to be ordained as a Methodist minister but he lacked all the credentials. He was later ordained (at some level) as a United Brethren minister in Oregon so he could deliver the Lord's message. "Hand me down" stories say he was a "circuit rider" which was the term given for ministers who had a large geographical area to minister to, hence they traveled by horseback. John Thomas was also a Union soldier of the Civil War.

In addition, the GALLOWAY's had numerous kin-folk in the Columbia River Basin area. John Jackson GALLOWAY Jr. and his wife came to the Oregon country with John Thomas GALLOWAY and Elizabeth Jane ADAMS. John Jackson GALLOWAY had a large family of which nine of the children lived in Columbia county Washington. They were some of the earliest sheep farmers in the region.

I am uncertain about the actual children Elijah and Melvina had but I will give my best guess:

Elijah ADAMS
Birth 25 Dec 1859 in Owensboro, Daviess, Kentucky, United States
Death 2 Jan 1936 in Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, United States
Married to:Melvina HILL
Birth Mar 1864 in Missouri
Death 23 Nov 1942 in Walla Walla, Washington USA
Issue of Elijah and Melvina:
Blanche Lumont Adams
1901-1977 Death in Portland
Infant Adams Could this be the third child who died on wagon train to Oregon?
Charles Woodward Adams
1881 1974 Death in Santa Cruz California
Walter Richard Adams
1883 1929 Death in Gooding Idaho
Ida May Adams
1884 Last known info she was living in Talent,Jackson, Oregon in 1930
John Quincy Adams
1885 Last info living in Benton Douglas Missouri in 1930
Nora Elizabeth Adams
1890 1965 Death in Vancouver, Clark, Washington
Mable Estey Adams
1891 1968 Death in Umatilla Oregon
Jacob Adams Dock Died on wagon trip to Oregon
1893 1896
Lee Adams Died on wagon trip to Oregon
1893 1896
Thomas Theodore Adams
1896 1967 Death in Portland Oregon
Sarah Bell Adams
1898 1996 Death in Gresham Oregon
Elsie Virginia Adams
1904 Last info living in Marshfield, Coos, Oregon in 1930
Alex Adams
1905 1934 Death in Multnomah county Oregon
Juanita Adams
1908 1993 Death in Longview, Cowlitz, Washington

The ten children who made the trip to Oregon with Elijah and Melvina were:
Blanche Lumont
An infant girl who may have died on wagon trip
Charles Woodward
Walter Richard
Ida May
John Quincy
Nora Elizabeth
Mable Estey
Jacob "Dock" Listed as dying on wagon trip
Lee Listed as dying on wagon trip
All other children of Elijah and Melvina were born in Oregon

After the 1910 census, Elijah and Melvina have moved to the Portland Oregon area

The next brother to arrive in Oregon was Jacob "Dock" Adams and his wife Rebecca (Maiden name unknown). We have no information that would indicate they moved to Heppner. We do know they appeared in Granite, Grant county Oregon probably about 1899. Granite Oregon was a gold mining town per http://offbeatoregon.com/H105_Granite.htm

The towns founder was prospector Jack Long, and he founded the town because his mule got stuck in the mud while packing a big load of whiskey on July 4, 1862. Long pulled the mule out of the mud and found gold dust mixed with the mud on its feet.

Immediately he staked a mining claim there. Within a week, he had company -- a lot of company. And the town sprang up in shockingly short order.

Back to Jacob and Rebecca, Granite Oregon is nestled in the Blue Mts. of Oregon. It is not a great distance from Heppner. Was Jacob smitten with gold fever? It is very possible. Although Granite is a virtual ghost town now, there are still people musing around for gold. Kathleen HURTT (grandaughter of Jacob and Rebecca) was born in Granite in 1899. As such, we will use 1899 as the arrival date. Jacob and Rebecca and their entourage probably followed the same route as Elijah and Melvina HILL I am referring to the Wenatchee Washington stopping point for the trip to Granite with a probable stop in Heppner.

The entourage of Jacob "Dock" ADAMS and his wife Rebecca are:
Jacob Adams Dock
Birth 13 Oct 1854 in Christian, Kentucky, United States
Death in Casper, Natrona, Wyoming, United States
Married to:Rebecca
Birth Dec 1853 in Kentucky
Death: ? ?
Issue of Jacob and Rebecca are:
Nora L. ADAMS
Birth abt 1874 in Kentucky
Death: ? ?
Married to:John M HURTT
Birth 1872 in Tennessee
Death 28 Jan 1921 in Sheridan Wyoming
Issue of Nora and John:
Pauline Hazel Hurtt
1898 1971
Kathlene Hurtt
1899
Helena Hurtt
1900
Harold J. Hurtt
1901 1979
J Godfrie Hurtt
1904
Ethel Adams
Birth Sep 1888 in Kentucky
Death: ? ?
George D Adams
Birth abt 1876 in Kentucky
Death: ? ?

Of this group, the following lived in Granite:
Jacob "Dock" ADAMS
Rebecca
Nora L ADAMS
John M HURTT
Pauline Hazel HURTT
Ethel ADAMS

HURTT Children born in Granite:
Kathleen HURTT born 1899
Helenea HURTT born 1900
Harold J HURTT born 1901

None of the entourage of Jacob "Dock" ADAMS remained in Oregon after 1904. The family first moved to Sheridan Wyoming after leaving Granite.

The last brother to arrive in Oregon is Foster ADAMS and family. Again we assume Foster ADAMS debarked in Wenatchee Washington and followed the route of Elijah ADAMS and Melvina HILL. It is very Likely the families of Jacob ADAMS and Foster ADAMS travelled from St. Paul Minnesota to Wenatchee Washington together. We can place Foster in Heppner in 1900. We have already placed Jacob in Granite in 1899. Foster Adams left a rich legacy during his lifetime. An obituary appeared in the Portland Oregon Oregonian at his death. Among his outstanding legacies is enlistment as a Union private in the 7th Cavalry regiment of Kentucky from Nov 1862 to Aug 1865. This unit served in the west and were in numerous engagements. We can assume the unit was under the command of Ulysses S Grant during most of the war.

Beore going further, the mother of Foster's children (Ella CULP) did not come to Oregon. Ella died in Louisville Kentucky in 1897. Sometime after Ella's death, Foster married Maria CHARLES and she accompanied him on the trip to Oregon. The largest natural disaster in Oregon history will claim the life Maria. Following is a the story http://www3.gendisasters.com/oregon/6043/heppner-or-cloudburst-sweeps-away-towns-june-1903
Heppner, OR Cloudburst Sweeps Away Towns, June 1903
Posted April 6th, 2008 by Stu Beitler

CLOUDBURST SWEPT AWAY ATOWN OF HEPPNER, OREGON.
FULLY 250 PEOPLE DROWNED IN A TERRIBLE FLOOD -- 105 BODIES ARE RECOVERED -- ONRUSH OF THE WATER COULD NOT BE HEARD IN THE ROAR OF THE STORM -- SPECIAL TRAINS LEAVE FOR SCENE OF DEVASTATION.
Spokane, June 15. -- Special telephone advices to the Chronicle from Arlington, Ore., state that the town of Heppner was destroyed by a great flood of water which rushed down Willows Creek between 6 and 7 o'clock last evening. Reports from Ione state that from 350 to 500 people are believed to have been drowned. At 5 a.m. it was reported that 105 bodies had been found. WIres are down and only meagre reports of the disaster have been brought out by messengers.
Heppner is a town of about 1,200 inhabitants, the seat of Morrow county, Oregon, at the terminus of a branch of the Oregon Railway and Navigatioin company. Farming and stock raising are its chief industries.
Willows creek which is given as the cause of the disaster is ordinarily a small stream and early reports indicate the flood was caused by either one or two cloudbursts.
Portland, June 15. -- The general offices of the O. R. & N. received a report from Ione this morning that the company's depot at Heppner was washed away by a cloudburst last night and that many people of the town were drowned.
Portland, Ore., June 15. -- A telephone message from Arlington, Ore., a station on the main line of the O. R. & N., about forty miles from Heppner, says that a cloudburst occurred at Willow creek, above the town of Heppner, last evening between 6 and 7 o'clock. It is reported that between 300 and 500 people were drowned but the report cannot be veified as wires into the town are down.
Heppner is situated in a gulch and a cloudburst would cover a large part of the town. It is generally believed that the reports of loss of life are exaggerated, as the entire population of the town is only 1,200. The message from Ione says that among the drowned are DR. McSWARDS, and the family of G. A. ROY. It is also reported that the village of Lexington has been swept away. The O. & R. N. [sic] has sent a relief train from The Dalles.
Portland, June 15. -- The following dispatch was received from Heppner by the Oregonian at 1 p.m.: "Two-third of Heppner was swept away yesterday evening by a terrible flood. Fully 250 people were drowned. The weather is hot today and the bodies cannot be recovered on account of lack of men. The business portion of the town is left with small damage. Outside help is needed to bury the dead and clear the wreckage away."
Preparations for relief of the stricken community are in progress at various points, from Portland to Pendleton. The O. R. & N. dispatched a relief train from The Dalles at 12:30 and at 1:30 p.m. another train will leave this city, carrying Supt. O'BRIEN and a party of engineers. Dozens of wagons with supplies and doctors are being sent to Heppner from nearby places where there is no rail communications.
Spokane, Wash., June 15. -- A mighty wall of water rushed down the valley of Willows creek, about 5:30 p.m. yesterday, and swept through the town of Heppner, Ore., dealing death and destruction in its path. The dead are estimated to number from 350 to 500. The property loss is reckoned at $1,000,000. Heppner is situated in the narrow valley of Willows creek.
Advices to the Chronicle state that a great storm was raging yesterday afternoon. About 5:30 yesterday a cloudburst occurred a short distance above Heppner, and a wall of water, like the Columbia river, rushed down the valley. The roar of the storm deadened the roar of the water, and the people had no warning of the flood. Suddenly it rushed through the town, sweeping houses from their foundations and drowning the people in the wrecks of their homes.
Dead bodies were borne down the valley. Scores are still unaccounted for. At last reports 105 bodies had been recovered, and it is feared that three of four times this number perished.
At Lexington, Ore., some houses were wrecked, but no one was drowned.
At Ione one house was wrecked. The railway, telegraph and telephone lines were badly damaged in the valley. The flood at Heppner subsided quickly. The residence district, suffered most, though the business section was flooded. Advices at noon state that the county authorities are taking care of the sufferers. Besides the dead, from 100 to 200 people are reported injured.

The entourage of Foster Adams Follows:
Foster ADAMS
Birth 17 Oct 1846 in Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky, United States
Death 20 Dec 1934 in Portland, Clackamas, Oregon, United States
Married to second wife:Maria CHARLES
Birth Jul 1858 in Ohio, United States
Death Jun 15 1903 in Heppner, Morrow, Oregon, United States
Issue of Foster and his first wife Ella CULP:
Lillie M Adams Accompanied her Father Foster to Oregon
1872 1947
Married to:
George E AIKEN Accompanied Foster Adams to Oregon
Birth abt 1862 in California
Death? ?
Issue of Lillie and George:
Cyrus Willard Aiken Came to Oregon about 1900
1891 1959
Ella A Aiken Came to Oregon about 1900
1896
Helen Aiken Came to Oregon about 1900
1898
Henry Case Aiken Born in Oregon 1900
1900
Jared C Aiken Born in Oregon 1903
1903-
Paul A Aiken Born in Oregon
1907
Boaeta C Aiken Born in Oregon
1918
Maude Adams
1875 ? ? Maude and her family come to Portland Oregon before 1910 Accompaied by her husband John George GROSZ and children Myrtle and Walter J GROSZ
Hettie Adams
1877 ? ?
Married to: James Franklin HAZEL
Birth feb 1875 in Larue, Kentucky, United States
Death 05 Aug 1944 in Portland, Oregon
Issue of Hettie and James:
Edna May Hazel Came to Oregon Before 1910
1896 1985
John William Hazel Came to Oregon before 1910
1899 1967
Edgar H Bruce Hazel Came to Oregon before 1910
1902
Hettie Hazel Came to Oregon before 1910
1903
James F Hazel Jr. Came to Oregon before 1910
1906
Samuel Hue Adams Did not come to Oregon
1880 1933
Alexander Adams Did not come to Oregon
1882 1917
Robert Adams Did not come to Oregon
1885

We have finally come to the end of the family members that came to Oregon at the pleading of Elizabeth Jane ADAMS. And this has does not include all the progeny of these listed.
A total of 36 people listed as follows:
1. Elijah ADAMS
2. Melvina HILL
3. Blanche Lumont ADAMS
4. Infant girl ADAMS Possibly died on wagon trip
5. Charles Woodward ADAMS
6. Walter Richard ADAMS
7. Ida May ADAMS
8. John Quincy ADAMS
9. Nora Elizabeth ADAMS
10.Mable Estey ADAMS
11.Jacob "Dock" ADAMS Listed as dying on wagon trip
12.Lee ADAMS Listed as dying on wagon trip
13.Jacob "Dock" Adams
14.Rebecca
15.Nora L ADAMS
16.John M HURTT
17.Pauline Hazel HURTT
18.Ethel ADAMS
19.Foster ADAMS
20.Maria CHARLES
21.Lillie M ADAMS
22.George A AIKEN
23.Cyrus Willard AIKEN
24.Ella A AIKEN
25.Helen AIKEN
26.Maud ADAMS
27.George GROSZ
28.Myrtle GROSZ
29.Walter J GROSZ
30.Hettie ADAMS
31James Franklin HAZEL
32.Edna May HAZEL
33.John William HAZEL
34.Edgar H Bruce HAZEL
35.Hettie HAZEL
36.James F HAZEL Jr.

Edwards and McKinnon's have common Royal ancestry

I am(Dale MCKINNON)the 27th great grandson of Robert de Brus (1071-1141) on both my mother and my fathers sides of the the family. Thus my mother and father are distant cousins. I have always assumed I was Scottish only on my father's side of the family. Basically this is true. However, when you are dealing with royalty the chances of ethnic change are greatly enhanced. The de Brus family has their roots in Normandy per Wikipedia following:

Clan Bruce (Scottish Gaelic: Clann Brus) is a Scottish clan from Kincardine in Scotland. It was a Royal House in the 14th century, producing two kings of Scotland

The surname Bruce comes from the French de Brus or de Bruis, derived from the lands now called Brix, situated between Cherbourg and Valognes in Normandy, France. The first of this family on record, in Great Britain, was Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale who came to England with King Henry I after his victory at Tinchebray in 1106. He was given 80 manors in Yorkshire, and later 13 manors around Skelton. He received the Lordship of Annandale from King David I of Scotland shortly after his accession in 1124. Robert founded a priory at Gysburn.

Both the English and Scots lines descend from this Robert.

It has long been written that the ancestor of the family was Robert de Brus, a knight of Normandy who came to England with William the Conqueror. But this was an invention taken from totally unreliable medieval lists of those who fought at Hastings.

Soon after the accession of David I of Scotland to the throne, Robert visited the monarch and obtained from him the lordship of Annandale. Robert de Brus (known as Robert le Meschin, or 'the Cadet') was the first of the family to be connected with Scotland. He came from Normandy with Henry I around 1100, and by 1103 had acquired some or all of the family's holdings in Yorkshire, which he increased over the following years. When David I of Scotland invaded England in 1138 Brus was sent to negotiate by the English. He was however accused of being a traitor and was dismissed from the Scottish camp. The Scots were later defeated at the Battle of the Standard where Robert's grandson Robert was taken prisoner. Robert died on 11 May 1141 and was buried at Gysburn.

In continuation of the male line a later Robert Bruce married Isabel, daughter of King William I of Scotland (William the Lion) and died before 1191. He was succeeded by his brother William who in turn died in 1215 and was succeeded by his son, Robert de Brus who married Isabel, daughter of the Earl of Huntingdon, brother of William the Lion.

Both the English and Scots lines descend from this Robert.

Just as Wikipedia says, both the English and Scottish lines go through Robert de Brus (1071-1141) In my case the English line goes to my grandmother Mary Evalyn EDWARDS and the Scottish line goes to my father Clarence Roy MCKINNON.

Following are the respective lineages, the first is the English lineage that travels to my grandmother Mary Evalyn EDWARDS followed by the Scottish lineage going to my father Clarence Roy MCKINNON. Both lines will begin with Robert DE Brus (1071-1141)

The EDWARDS line

Generation 1:
Robert DE BRUS 1st Lord of Annandale
Birth 1071 in Skelton in Cleveland, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death 11 May 1141 in Skelton in Cleveland, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Agnes PAYNELL
Birth 1092 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England
Death After 1155
Issue of Robert and Agnes:
Adam De Brus II Lord of Skelton
1113 1143
Robert de Brus
1132 1189

Generation 2:
Adam DE BRUS II Lord Of Skelton
Birth 1113 in Cleveland, Durham, England
Death 1143 in Skelton Castle, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Agnes DE AUMALE
Birth ABT 1115 in Holderness, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death AFT 1151
Issue of Adam and Agnes:
Lucy de Brus
1136
Adam De Brus III
1143 1196

Generation 3:
Adam De BRUS III Lord of Skelton
Birth 1143 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Death 1196 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Juetta Ivetta DE ARCHES
Birth 1137 in Newton Kyme, Yorkshire, England
Death 1206 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Issue of Adam and Juetta:
Isabel De Brus
1160 1230
Peter de Brus I
1170 1222

Generation 4:
Peter DE BRUS I Lord of Skelton
Birth 1170 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Death 12 Feb 1222 in Cleveland, Yorkshire, England
Married to :
Joan LE GRAMMAIRE
Birth 1160 in West Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death 1230 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Issue of Peter and Joan:
Peter II de Brus Lord of Skelton and Darby
1181 1241
Agnes De Brus
1192

Generation 5:
Peter DE BRUS II Lord of Skelton and Darby
Birth 1181 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Death 7 Sep 1241 in Marseilles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France
Married to:
Hawise DE LANCASTER
Birth 20 Jul 1189 in Kendal, Westmorland, England
Death 1226 in Kendal, Westmorland, England
Issue of Peter and Hawise:
Peter III de Brus
1221 1272
Joan de Brus
1225 1243

Generation 6:
Peter DE BRUS III Baron of Skelton
Birth 1221 in Skelton Castle, Yorkshire, England
Death 18 Sep 1272
Married to:
Hilaria DE MANLEY
Birth Apr 1220 in Runcorn, Cheshire, England
Death in England
Issue of Peter and Hilaria:
Laderana de Brus
1225 1264
Peter de Brus IV
1245 1272
Agnes de Brus
1247
Lucia de Brus
1249 1292
Margaret de Brus
1250
Hugh de Brus
1252

Generation 7:
Laderana DE BRUS
Birth 1225 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Death 1264 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
John DE BEAULIEU
Birth 1235 in Carlton Hall, West Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death 1301 in Kirklington, Northamptonshire, England
Issue of Laderana and John:
Sybil de Beaulieu
1260 1314

Generation 8:
Sybil DE BEAUYLIEU
Birth 1260 in Yorkshire, England
Death 1314 in Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Baron Miles DE STAPLETON
Birth 1260 in Shropshire, England
Death 1314 in Battle of Bannockburn, England
Issue of Sybil and Miles:
Nicholas de Stapleton
1280 1343
Thomas DeStapleton
1281
Bryan DeStapleton
1282
Roger DeStapleton
1287 1314
Sir Miles DeStapleton
1290 1364
Johanna DeStapleton
1292 1327
Elizabeth DeStapleton
1295 1317
Sir Thomas DeStapleton
1296 1343
Gilbert de Stapleton Sir 2nd Baron
1297 1324
Emma DeStapleton
1298 1317
William DeStapleton
1300 1362

Generation 9:
Sir Baron Gilbert DE STAPLETON
Birth 1297 in North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death 23 Jun 1324 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Lady Agnes FITZALAN
Birth 1298 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Death 3 Nov 1348 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Issue of Gilbert and Agnes:
Miles de Stapleton
1318 1364
Nicholas Stapleton
1320
Sir Bryan de Stapleton, Knight of the Garter
1322 1394
Katherine Stapleton
1324 1360
Avicia Stapleton
1326
John Stapleton
1327

Generation 10:
Sir Miles DE STAPLETON 1st Lord Ingham
Birth 1318 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Death 4 Dec 1364 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Married to:
Lady Joan INGHAM Baroness of Ingham
Birth 1320 in Ellesmere, Shropshire, England
Death 1344 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Issue of Miles and Joan:
Miles Stapleton
1357 1419

Generation 11:
Sir Miles De Stapleton Knight and 2nd Lord of Ingham
Birth 23 Jun 1357 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Death 10 Apr 1419 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Married to:
Eva UFFORD
Birth 1360 in Suffolk, England
Death 1400 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Issue of Miles and Eva:
Brian Stapleton Sheriff of Norfolk
1379 1438

Generation 12:
Brian STAPLETON Sheriff of Norfolk
Birth 1379 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Death 17 Aug 1438 in Ingham Priory, Norfolk, England
Married to:
Cecily BARDOFF
Birth 1371 in Birling, Sussex, England
Death 29 Sep 1432 in Bedale, Yorkshire, England
Issue of Brian and Cecily:
Miles Stapelton Sir Knight
1400 1466

Generation 13:
Sir Knight Miles Stapleton
Birth About 1400 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Death 1 Oct 1466 in Ingham, Norfolk, England
Married to:
Catherine DE LAPOLE
Birth 1416 in Cotton, Suffolk, England
Death 13 Oct 1489 in Rowley Abbey, Staffordshire, England
Issue of Miles and Catherine:
Joan Stapelton
1423 1519
Mary Stapelton
1434 1504
Elizabeth Stapelton
1438 1504

Generation 14:
Joan STAPLETON
Birth 1423 in Yorkshire, England
Death 13 May 1519 in Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe, Goustershire, England
Married to:
Sir John HUDDLESTON
Birth 1440 in Millom, Cumberland, England
Death 1512 in Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe, Gloustershire, England
Issue of Joan and John:
Ann Huddleston
1452

Generation 15:
Ann HUDDLESTON
Birth 1452 in Millom, Cumberland, England
Death in France
Married to:
Sir Thomas Christianson CURWEN
Birth 1452 in Cumberland, England
Death 1522 in Cumberland, England
Issue of Ann and Thomas:
Alice Curwen
Christopher Curwen Sir
1472 1535
John Curwen
1489
Robert Giles Curwen Sir
1492 1531
Ellen Curwen
1502 1530
Edmund Curwen
1507

Generation 16:
Sir Christopher CURWEN Sheriff of Cumberland
Birth 1472 in Burneshead, Kendal, Westmoreland, England
Death 1535 in Cumberland, England
Married to:
Margaret BELLINGHAN
Birth 1478 in Burneshead, Kendal, Westmoreland, England
Death 1493 in Workington, Cumberland, England
Issue of Christopher and Margaret:
Thomas Christopher Curwen Sir
1485 1557

Generation 17:
Sir Thomas CURWEN Sheriff of Cumberland
Birth 1485 in Workington Hall, Cumberland, England
Death 1557 in Sibbertoft, Northamptonshire, England
Married to:
Agnes STRICKLAND Lady Workington Cumberland
Birth 1499 in Cumberland, England
Death 19 May 1557 in Syzergh Castle, England
Issue of Thomas and Agnes:
Joan Curwen
1532
William Curwen
1536
Lucy Curwen
1537 1553
Margaret Curwen
1539 1589
Henry Curwen
1540 1592
Agnes Curwen
1543
Mabel Curwen
1544
Thomas Curwen
1545 1544

Generation 18:
Margaret CURWEN Lady of Workington Hall Cumberland
Birth About 1539 in Workington Hall, Cumberland, England
Death 1589 in Furness, Lancashire, England
Married to:
Sir Thomas INGRAM of Stretten Staffordshire
Birth 1524 in Stretton, Staffordshire, England
Death 1573 in Penkridge, Staffordshire, England
Issue of Margaret and Thomas:
John Ingram
1554 1607

Generation 19:
John INGRAM
Birth 1554 in Penkridge, Shropshire, England
Death 3 Feb 1607 in Penkridge, Staffordshire, England
Married to:
Elizabeth PRESTON
Birth 1560 in Penkridge, Shropshire, England
Death 8 Aug 1602 in Penkridge, Staffordshire, England
Issue of John and Elizabeth:
John Ingram
1581 1650
Alice Ingram
1581
William Ingram
1586
Sampson Ingram
1592 1650

Generation 20:
John INGRAM
Birth 10 May 1581 in Penkridge, Staffordshire, England
Death 7 Jul 1650 in Sherriff Hales, Shropshire, England
Married to:
Isabell POOLE
Birth 1595 in Stretton, Cheshire, England
Death ??
Issue of John and Isabell
Abell Ingram
1615 1658
Robert Ingram
1626 1627
Thomas Ingram
1628
Mary Ingram
1628 1628

Generation 21:
Abell INGRAM
Birth 1615 in North Mundham, Sussex, England
Death 1658 in North Mundham, Sussex, England
Married to:
Miriam CHATFIELD
Birth 1615 in , Sussex, , England
Death 1639 in No, Sussex, , England
Issue of Abell and Miriam:
Isaac Ingram
1637 1639
Miriam Ingram
1642 1682

Generation 22:
Miriam INGRAM (The immigrant)
Birth 1642 in Catton, Sussex, , England
Death 26 Aug 1682 in Welcome, Charles, Maryland, United States
Married to:
Adam SHORT (The immigrant)
Birth Mar 25 1642 in Walberton Sussex England
Death 15 Apr 1674 in Pennsylvania United States
Issue of Miriam and Adam:
Ann Short
1661 1731
Miriam Short
1665 1709
Adam Short
1666 1748

Generation 23:
Ann SHORT (The immigrant)
Birth 1661 in Wirksworth Derbyshire England
Death Dec 9 1731 in Acton, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to:
Joel BAILY (The immigrant)
Birth 29 January 1658 in Bromhill, Wiltshire, England
Death Dec 10 1728 in Lancaster, Lancaster Pennsylvania
Issue of Ann and Joel:
Mary Baily
1688 1741
Ann Baily
1691 1774
Daniel Baily
1693 1783
Isaac Baily
1695 1732
Joel Baily
1697 1775
John Baily
1699 1775
Thomas Baily
1700 1764
Josiah Baily
1701 1783

Generation 24:
Joel BAILY
Birth 17 Dec 1697 in Marlborough, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 19 Dec 1775 in West Marlborough, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to:
Elizabeth MARSHALL
Birth May 6 1732 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Oct 28 1797 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania
Issue of Joel and Eliazabeth:
Abraham Baily Dr.
1760 1825
Hannah Baily
1763 1834
Emmor Baily
1767 1848
Jacob Baily
1770 1799
Rachel Baily
1774 1853

Generation 25:
Jacob BAILY
Birth 28 Mar 1770 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 15 Apr 1799 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United State
Married to:
Elizabeth WEBB
Birth 10 Sep 1773 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 24 Feb 1853 in Centreville, New Castle, DE, USA
Issue of Jacob and Elizabeth:
Mary Baily
1791 1815
Ezekiel Baily
1793 1858
Elizabeth Baily
1795 1846
Marshall Baily
1798 1820

Generation 26:
Elizabeth BAILY
Birth Mar 22 1795 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Sep 11 1846 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Married to:
Ezra LANBORN
Birth Jul 7 1786 in Wilmington, Ohio, USA
Death Oct 17 1844 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Issue of Elizabeth and Ezra:
Sarah Lamborn
1816 1816
Margaretta Lamborn
1817
Marshall B Lamborn
1819 1852
Rebecca Pearce Lamborn
1822 1903
Nathan Lamborn
1824
Ezekiel Lamborn
1828
Elizabeth Ann Lamborn
1832 1842

Generation 27:
Rebecca Pearce LAMBORN
Birth Jan 18 1822 in New Castle, Lawrence, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 13 Jul 1903 in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States
Married to:
David Hale EDWARDS
Birth Sep 13 1815 in Marietta, Ohio, USA
Death jun 19 1888 in Belle Plaine, Benton, Iowa, United States
Issue of Rebecca and David:
Mary Elizabeth Edwards
1841 1845
Fidelia Adelaide Edwards
1843
Ezra L Edwards
1847 1847
David Hale Edwards
1848 1849
Margaretta "Rhettie" Edwards
1852 1942
Hamilton Bell Edwards
1857 1937
Mary Evalyn Edwards
1858 1950

Generation 28:
Mary Evalyn EDWARDS
Birth Nov 1 1858 in Iowa
Death 05 Jan 1950 in Lebanon, Oregon, USA
Married to:
Theodore Fred PRILL
Birth Jul 10 1850 in Dayton Ohio, USA
Death Jan 1 1941 in Casper, Wyoming, USA
Issue of Mary and Theodore:
Lewis Merton Prill
1882 1970
Margaretta Lula Prill
1887 1982
Charles Otis Prill
1894 1954
Mamie Veda Prill
1901 1998
Fred Laverne Prill
1904 1960

Generation 29:
Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Married to:
Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA

The MCKINNON Lineage

Generation 1:
Robert DE BRUS 1st Lord of Annandale
Birth 1071 in Skelton in Cleveland, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Death 11 May 1141 in Skelton in Cleveland, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Agnes PAYNELL
Birth 1092 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England
Death After 1155
Issue of Robert and Agnes:
Adam De Brus II Lord of Skelton
1113 1143
Robert de Brus
1132 1189

Generation 2:
Robert DE BRUS The Cadet and 2nd Lord of Annandale
Birth abt 1132 in Annandale, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Death abt 1189 in Skelton, Yorkshire, England
Married to:
Euphemia DE AUMALE
Birth 1130 in Carrick, Scotland
Death 1165 in Annandale, Scotland
Issue of Robert and Euphemia:
William de Brus "The Lion - 3rd Lord Annandale"
1142 1212

Generation 3:
William DE BRUS The Lion and 3rd Lord of Annandale
Birth 1142 in Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Death 16 Jul 1212 in Castle Annandale Dumfrieshire Scotland
Married to:
Beatrice Christina DE TEYDEN
Birth 1144 in Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
Death 1170 in Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
Issue of William and Beatrice:
Robert De Bruce 4th Lord of Annandale
1195 1245

Generation 4:
Robert DE BRUCE 4th Lord of Annandale
Birth 1195 in Annandale, Scotland
Death 1245 in Lochmaben, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Married to:
Isobel of Huntingdon
Birth 2 Nov 1226 in Gloucestershire, England
Death 10 May 1275 in Cleveland, Yorkshire, Scotland
Issue of Robert and Isabel:
William De Bruce
1248-
Robert de Bruce
1243 1304
Bernard De Bruce
1247 1264
Isabel De Bruce
1249

Generation 5:
Robert DE BRUS The Competitor and 5th Lord of Annandale
Birth Jul 1243 in of, Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
Death 4 Apr 1304 in Holme, Cultram, Cumberland, England
Married to:
Isabella
Birth About 1200-
Death ??
Issue of Robert and Isabella:
Robert de Bruce
1243 1304
Bernard De Bruce
1247 1264
William De Bruce
1248
Isabel De Bruce
1249
Richard De Bruce
1249 1287
Constance De Bruce
1251

Generation 6:
William DE BRUCE
Birth 1248 in Annandale, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Death ??
Married to:
Elizabeth De SULLEY
Birth ??
Death ??
Issue of William and Elizabeth:
Richard De Bruce
1249 1287
Constance De Bruce
1251

Generation 5:
Robert DE BRUCE The Competitor and 5th Lord of Annandale
Birth Jul 1243 in of, Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
Death 4 Apr 1304 in Holme, Cultram, Cumberland, England
Married to:
Isabella DE CLARE Lady of Gloucester and Hertford
Birth 8 Nov 1226 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
Death 10 Jul 1264 in Cleveland, Yorkshire, Engl
Issue of Robert and Isabella:
Bernard de Bruce
Richard de Bruce
William de Bruce
Robert de Bruce 6th Lord of Annandale
1243 1304
Isabel de Bruce
1249 1284
Constance de Bruce
1251

Generation 6:
Robert DE BRUCE6th Lord of Annandale
Birth Jul 1243 in Annandale, Scotland
Death 4 Apr 1304 in Holme, Cumberland, England
Married to:
Marjorie Countess of of Carrick
Birth 1256 in Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland
Death 27 Oct 1292 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland
Issue of Robert and Marjorie:
Christiana Bruce
1256
Mary Clarissa deBruce
1260
Isabel DeBrus
1272 1358
Christina deBruce
1273 1357
Robert I De Brus
1274 1329
Edward de Bruce
1276 1318
Margaret De Bruce
1276
Neil de Bruce
1279 1306
Alexander de Bruce
1285 1307
Elizabeth de Bruce
1286
Matilda Margery de Bruce
1287

Generation 7:
Robert I DE BRUS
Birth 11 Jul 1274 in Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Death 7 Jun 1329 in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, , Scotland
Married to:
Isabella MAR
Birth 1278 in Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire, , Scotland
Death 1320 in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, , Scotland
Issue of Robert and Isabella:
Robert De Brus Sir
1216 1295
Nigel de Bruce of Carrick
1279
Matilda (Maud) de Bruce
1304 1353
Marjorie de Bruce
1306 1316
Christina De Brus of Carrick
1312
Margaret De Brus
1312 1346
Elizabeth De Brus
1314
Walter De Brus
1318
David De Brus II
1324 1371
John De Brus
1327
Margaret De Brus
1327

Generation 8:
Marjorie DE BRUCE
Birth 1306
Death 19 Mar 1316
Married to:
Walter (6th High Steward of Scotland) STEWART
Birth 1292 in Dundonald Kyle Argyll Scotland
Death Apr 9 1326 in Bathgate Castle Scoitland
Issue of Marjorie and Walter:
Robert Stewart II, King of Scotland
1316 1390

Generation 9:
Robert STEWART II, King of Scotland
Birth 2 Mar 1316 in Rosyth Castle, Scotland
Death 19 Apr 1390 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Married to:
Elizabeth MURE of Rowallan
Birth May 1355 in Rowallon Castle Scotland
Death Abt 1409 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Issue of Robert and Elizabeth:
Katherine Stewart
Margaret Stewart
Isabella Stewart
1336
John Stewart Earl of Carrick
1337 1406
Robert III (King of Scotland) Stewart
1337 1406
Walter Stewart
1338 1363
Robert Stewart 1st Duke of Albany
1339 1420
Elizabeth Stewart
1346 1389
Alexander Stewart 1st Earl of Buchan
1350 1405
Johanna Stewart
1350 1404
Marjory Stewart
1388 1432

Robert II of Scotland
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Robert II

King of Scots
Reign 22 February 1371 19 April 1390
Coronation 26 March 1371
Predecessor David II
Successor Robert III
Earl of Strathearn
Title held 1357-1390
Spouse Elizabeth Mure
Euphemia de Ross

Robert II (2 March 1316 19 April 1390) became King of Scots in 1371 as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, hereditary High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I and of his first wife Isabella of Mar. (The marriage of princess Marjorie took place in 1315, making Robert's probable birth date early in 1316.)
Robert I had made his brother Edward his heir ahead of Marjorie, but following Edward's death without issue on 3 December 1318 at the Battle of Dundalk in Ireland, Robert Stewart became heir presumptive to his grandfather. His mother Marjorie died in 1317 following a fall from a horse. Robert Stewart's rights as heir to the throne lapsed on the birth of a son, afterwards David II, to Robert I and his second wife Elizabeth de Burgh on 5 March 1324.
Robert Stewart became High Steward following his father's death on 9 April 1326, and the parliament held in July 1326 confirmed him as heir presumptive should Prince David die without issue. In 1329 Robert I died and the six year-old David succeeded him on the throne. Sir Thomas Randolph, earl of Moray became the designated Guardian of Scotland, and the young Steward passed into the care of his uncle Sir James Stewart of Durrisdeer.
Edward Balliol, son of King John Balliol, assisted by English and Scottish nobles disinherited by Robert I, invaded Scotland and he and his supporters inflicted heavy defeats on the Bruce party at Dupplin Moor on 11 August 1332 and at Halidon Hill on 10 July 1333. The Steward fought at Halidon, where his uncle, Sir James Stewart, was killed. Following this battle, Balliol provided his supporter David Strathbogie, the titular earl of Atholl, with the Steward's lands and estates in the west, forcing Robert to escape to the fortress of Dumbarton Castle on the Clyde estuary, which also sheltered David II. In May 1334 David II escaped to France - leaving the Steward and John Randolph, earl of Moray as joint guardians of the kingdom. The Steward succeeded in regaining his lands, but his relationship with Randolph disintegrated. Randolph was taken prisoner by the English in July 1335 and in September the Steward's possessions were once again targeted by Edward III's forces. This may have caused the Steward to submit to Edward Balliol and the English kinghe certainly was no longer guardian of the kingdom by September 1335. Robert who had lost his position to Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell, was once again guardian following Murray's death in 1338 and retained the office until David II returned from France in June 1341. The Steward accompanied David II into battle at Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 but he and Patrick Dunbar, earl of March escaped or fled the field while David was taken prisoner.
The Steward married Elizabeth Mure c.1348, legitimising his four sons and five daughters. His subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two sons and two surviving daughters and became the basis of a dispute as to the line of succession.
Robert joined a rebellion against David in 1363, but submitted to him under threat that any further defiance would mean the end of his rights in the line of succession. In 1364 the Scots Parliament dismissed David's proposal to write off the remaining amounts due to England under the terms of his ransom in return for naming a Plantagenet as his heir should he remain childless. On David's unexpected death in 1371, Robert succeeded to the throne at the age of 55. The English still controlled large sectors in the Lothians and in the border country. Robert II allowed his southern earls to engage in conflicts in the English zones to regain their territories, halted trade with England and renewed treaties with France. By 1384 the Scots had re-taken most of the foreign-occupied lands, but following an Anglo-French truce, Robert proved reluctant to commit Scotland to all-out war and obtained inclusion in the peace talks being conducted by England and France. Following a palace coup in 1384 he lost control of the country, first to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick, afterwards King Robert III, and then from 1388 to John's younger brother, Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards 1st Duke of Albany. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and lies buried at Scone Abbey.

Generation 10:
Robert STEWART III, King of Scotland
Birth 1337 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Death 4 Apr 1406 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Married to:
Annabelle DRUMMOND
Birth 1350 in Perth, Perthshire, , Scotland
Death Oct 1401 in Perth, Perthshire, , Scotland
Issue of Robert and Annabelle:
Robert Stewart Died in infamcy
Margaret Stewart
1370 1456
David Stewart Duke of Rothesay
1378 1402
Mary Stewart Princess of Scotland
1380 1458
Elizabeth Stewart
1387 1411
Egida Stewart
1390 1431
James I Stewart King of Scots
1394 1437
Robert III of Scotland
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Robert III

King of Scots
Reign 1390 4 April 1406

Robert III (c. 1337April 1406) was King of Scots from 1390 to his death. His given name was John Stewart, and he was known primarily as the Earl of Carrick before ascending the throne at age 53. He was the eldest son of Robert II and Elizabeth Mure and was legitimated with the marriage of his parents in 1347.
John joined his father and other magnates in a rebellion against his grand-uncle, David II early in 1363 but submitted to him soon afterwards. He married Anabella Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall before 31 May 1367 when the Steward ceded to him the earldom of Atholl. In 1368 David created him Earl of Carrick. His father became king in 1371 after the unexpected death of the childless King David. In the succeeding years Carrick was influential in the government of the kingdom but became progressively more impatient at his father's longevity. In 1384 Carrick was appointed the king's lieutenant after having influenced the general council to remove Robert II from direct rule. Carrick's administration saw a renewal of the conflict with England. In 1388 the Scots defeated the English at the Battle of Otterburn where the Scots' commander, James, Earl of Douglas, was killed. By this time Carrick had been badly injured by a horse-kick but the loss of his powerful ally, Douglas, saw a turnaround in magnate support in favour of his younger brother Robert, Earl of Fife and in December 1388 the council transferred the lieutenancy to Fife.
In 1390, Robert II died and Carrick ascended the throne as Robert III but without authority to rule directly. Fife continued as lieutenant until February 1393 when power was returned to the king in conjunction with his son David. At a council in 1399 owing to the king's 'sickness of his person', David, now Duke of Rothesay, became lieutenant of the kingdom in his own right but supervised by a special parliamentary group dominated by Fife, now styled Duke of Albany. After this, Robert III withdrew to his lands in the west and for a time played little or no part in affairs of state. He was powerless to interfere when a dispute between Albany and Rothesay arose in 1401 which led to Rothesay's arrest and imprisonment at Albany's Falkland Castle where Rothesay died in March 1402. The general council absolved Albany from blame and reappointed him as lieutenant. The only impediment now remaining to an Albany Stewart monarchy was the king's only surviving son, James, Earl of Carrick. In February 1406 the 11 year-old James and a powerful group of followers clashed with Albany's Douglas allies resulting in the death of the king's counsellor Sir David Fleming of Cumbernauld. James escaped to the Bass Rock in the Firth of Forth accompanied by Henry Sinclair, Earl of Orkney and remained there for a month before boarding a ship bound for France. The vessel was intercepted near Flamborough Head and James became the prisoner of Henry IV of England and would remain captive for the next 18 years. Robert III died in Rothesay Castle on 4 April 1406 shortly after learning of his son's imprisonment and was buried at Paisley Abbe.

Generation 11:
Mary STEWART Princess of Scotland
Birth 1380 in Dunfermline, Fife, , Scotland
Death Sept 1458 in Strathblane, Stirlingshire, , Scotland
Married to:
James KENNEDY Sir
Birth 1376 in Maybole, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Death 8 Nov 1408 in Dunure, , , Scotland
Issue of Mary and James:
Gilbert Kennedy 1st Lord of Kennedy
1396 1478
Mary Kennedy
1405 1430
John Kennedy
1407 1434
James Kennedy
1408 1465

Generation 12:
Gilbert KENNEDY 1st Lord of Kennedy
Birth 1396 in Maybole Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death 6 Mar 1478 in Maybole Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland
Married to:
Catherine MAXWELL
Birth 1408 in Linlithgow, Scotland
Death 1484 in Dunure Ayrshire Scotland
Issue of Gilbert and Catherine:
John Kennedy 2nd Lord of Kennedy
1436 1508

Generation 13:
John KENNEDY 2nd Lord of Kennedy
Birth 12 Oct 1436 in Maybole, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Death 24 Jul 1508 in Maybole, Ayrshire, , Scotland
Married to:
Elizabeth SETON Lady
Birth 1444 in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Death 17 Apr 1500 in Cupar, Fife, Scotland
Issue of John and Elizabeth:
Mary Margaret Kennedy
1510
Alexander Kennedy of Girvinmains
1462 1578
Elizabeth Kennedy
1473 1573
Janet Kennedy Mistress
1483 154

Generation 14:
Mary Margaret KENNEDY
Birth in Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death 1510 in Avondale, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Married to:
Patrick VANS Sir
Birth 1469 in Wigtown, Wigtownshire, Scotland
Death 1528 in Barnbarrock, Scotland
Issue of Mary and Patrick:
Alexander Vans
1480
John Vans
1480 1547
Patrick Vans
1543

Generation 15:
Alexander VANS
Birth About 1480 in Barnbarroch,Wigtown,,Scotland
Death in Barnbarrock,,,Scotland
Married to:
Jannett KENNEDY
Birth About 1480 in Scotland
Death ??
Issue of Alexander and Jannett:
John Vans Sir
1510 1547

Generation 16:
John VANS Sir
Birth 1510 in Barnbarrach, , , Scotland
Death 1547 in Wigtown, Wigtownshire, , Scotland
Married to:
Janet MCCULLOCH Of Myrtown
1507 1561
Issue of John and Janet:
Patrick Vans Sir
1550 1568

Generation 17:
Patrick VANS Sir
Birth 1550 in Lybrack, , , Ireland
Death 1568
Married to:
Catherine KENNEDY Lady
Birth 1543 in Culzean Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death 1593 in Ireland
Issue of Patrick and Catherine:
John Vans Sir
1575 1642

Generation 18:
John VANS Sir
Birth 1575 in Wigtown, Wigtownshire, , Scotland
Death 1642 in , , , Ireland
Married to:
Margaret MCDOWALL Of Gartland
Birth 1580 in Wigtown, Wigtownshire, , Scotland
Death 1659 in , , , Ireland
Issue of John and Margaret:
Patrick Vans Sir
1589 1673
Andrew Vans
1591 1661
John Vans Rector of Kilmacreenan
1593 1662
John Vans
1596 1662
Florence Vans
1599 1641
Joseph Vans
1616 1642
Lancelot Francis Vans
1620 1680

Generation 19:
John VANS Rector of Kilmacreenan
Birth 1593 in Barnbarroch, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
Death 1662 in Londonderry, Londonderry, Northern Ireland
Married to:
Elizabeth SHAW
Birth Abt 1570 in Cough Ireland
Death 1662 in Hingham, Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Issue of John and Elizabeth:
Lancelot Vans Doctor
1630 1688

Generation 20:
Lancelot VANS Doctor
Birth 1630 in Tyrone, Tyrone, , Ireland
Death 1688 in Londonderry, Londonderry, , Ireland
Married to:
Euphemia BAINEY
Birth 1630 in Londonderry,,,Ireland
Death 1690 in ,,,Ireland
Issue of Lancelot and Euphemia:
Margaret Vance
1648
John Vance
1650 1710
Sarah Vance
1653
Alexander Vance
1659
Andrew Vance
1660 1754
Elizabeth Vance
1663

Generation 21:
John VANCE
Birth 1650 in Coagh,Tyrone,,Ireland
Death 1710 in ,,,Ireland
Married to:
Mary WILLIAMSON
Birth 1646 in Antrim, Ireland
Death 1710 in Ireland
Issue of John and Mary:
Andrew Vance
1666 1740

Generation 22:(The Immigrant:)
Andrew VANCE
Birth 1666 in County Tyrone, Ireland
Death 1740 in Frederick, Virginia, USA
Married to:
Jane HOGE (The Immigrant)
Birth 1660 in Ireland
Death 1730 in Frederick Virginia
Issue of Andrew and Jane:
Rebecca Vance
Samuel Vance
1692 1778
John Sr. Vance
1693 1760
Andrew II Vance
1695
Robert Vance
1698 1760
Ann Vance
1700 1770
James Vance
1700
David Vance
1712
Alexander Vance
1714 1756
William Vance
1718 1788

Generation 23:
John Sr. VANCE
Birth 1693 in Frederick, Virginia, United States
Death 7 Oct 1760 in Frederick, Virginia, United States
Married to:
Elizabeth COLVILLE
Birth 1700 in Frederick Virginia USA
Death 1760
Issue of John and Elizabeth:
Elizabeth Vance
1722
Hannah Vance
1732 1817
Alexander Vance
1732 1810
John Jr. Vance
1770 1834

Generation 24:
Hannah VANCE
Birth 11 Apr 1732 in Valley of the Shenendoah Virginia USA
Death 1817 in New Haven, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to:
William CRAWFORD Colonel
Birth 2 Sep 1722 in Berkeley County, Virginia, USA
Death 11 Jun 1782 in Tymochtee Cr, Wyandotte, Ohio, USA
Ann Crawford
1743 1783
John Vance Crawford
1744 1816
Sarah Sally Crawford
1748 1838
Orphelia Effie Crawford
1751 1821
Nancy Crawford
1767 1842

William Crawford (soldier)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other people of the same name, see William Crawford (disambiguation).

From Wikipedia
Colonel William Crawford
William Crawford (1732 11 June 1782) was an American soldier and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was tortured and burned at the stake by American Indians in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre, a notorious incident near the end of the American Revolution.

In 1732, Crawford was born in Orange County, Virginia, at a location which is now in Berkeley County, West Virginia.[1] He was a son of William Crawford and his wife Honora Grimes,[2] who were Scots-Irish farmers. After his father's death in 1736, his mother married Richard Stephenson. Crawford had a younger brother, Valentine Crawford, plus five half-brothers and one half-sister from his mother's second marriage.[3]
In 1749, Col. William Crawford became acquainted with George Washington, then a young surveyor the same age as Crawford. He accompanied Washington on surveying trips and learned the trade. In 1755, Crawford served in the Braddock expedition with the rank of ensign. Like Washington, he survived the disastrous Battle of the Monongahela. During the French and Indian War, he served in Washington's Virginia Regiment, guarding the Virginia frontier against Native American raiding parties. In 1758, Crawford was a member of General John Forbes's army which captured Fort Duquesne, where Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania now stands. He continued to serve in the military, taking part in Pontiac's War in 1763.
In 1765 Crawford built a cabin on the Braddock Road along the Youghiogheny River in what is now Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. His wife and three children joined him there the following year. Crawford supported himself as a farmer and fur trader. When the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois opened up additional land for settlement, Crawford worked again as a surveyor, locating lands for settlers and speculators. Governor Robert Dinwiddie had promised bounty land to the men of the Washington's Virginia Regiment for their service in the French and Indian War. In 1770 Crawford and Washington travelled down the Ohio River to choose the land to be given to the regiment's veterans. The area selected was near what is now Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Crawford also made a western scouting trip in 1773 with Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia. Washington could not accompany them because of the sudden death of his stepdaughter.[4]
At the outbreak of Dunmore's War in 1774, Crawford received a major's commission from Lord Dunmore. He built Fort Fincastle at present Wheeling, West Virginia.[5] He also led an expedition which destroyed two Mingo villages (near present Steubenville, Ohio) in retaliation for Chief Logan's raids into Virginia.[6] During the expedition, Crawford's men rescued two captives held by American Indians, killing six and capturing 14 Indians.[2]
Crawford's service to Virginia in Dumore's War was controversial in Pennsylvania, since the colonies were engaged in a bitter dispute over their borders near Fort Pitt. Crawford had been a justice of the peace in Pennsylvania since 1771, first for Bedford County, then for Westmoreland County when it was established in 1773. Arthur St. Clair, another Pennsylvania official, called for Crawford to be removed from his office, which was done in January 1775. Beginning in 1776, Crawford served as a surveyor and justice for Virginia's short-lived Yohogania County.[7]
[edit]American Revolution

When the American Revolutionary War began, Crawford recruited a regiment for the Virginia Line of the Continental Army. On 11 October 1776, the Continental Congress appointed him colonel of the 7th Virginia Regiment. Crawford led his regiment in the Battle of Long Island and the retreat across New Jersey. He crossed the Delaware with Washington and fought at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. During the Philadelphia campaign, he commanded a scouting detachment for Washington's army.[8]
After the war on the western frontier intensified in 1777, Crawford was transferred to the Western Department of the Continental Army. He served at Fort Pitt under Generals Edward Hand and Lachlan McIntosh. Crawford was present at the Treaty of Fort Pitt in 1778, and helped to build Fort Laurens and Fort McIntosh that year. Resources were scarce on the frontier, however, and Fort Laurens was abandoned in 1779. In 1780, Crawford visited Congress to appeal for more funds for the western frontier. In 1781, he retired from military service.


The Ohio Historical Society's marker at the Colonel Crawford Burn Site Monument in Wyandot County, Ohio.
[edit]Crawford expedition
Main article: Crawford expedition
In 1782, General William Irvine persuaded Crawford to come out of retirement and lead an expedition against enemy Indian villages along the Sandusky River. Before leaving, on 16 May he made out his will and testament.[9] His son John Crawford, his son-in-law William Harrison, and his nephew and namesake William Crawford also joined the expedition.


Execution of Crawford
After his election as commander of the expedition, Crawford led about 500 volunteers deep into American Indian territory with the hope of surprising them. However, the Indians and their British allies at Detroit had learned about the expedition in advance, and brought about 440 men to the Sandusky to oppose the Americans. After a day of indecisive fighting, the Americans found themselves surrounded. During a confused retreat, Crawford and dozens of his men were captured. The Indians executed many of them in retaliation for the Gnadenhtten massacre earlier in the year, in which about 100 peaceful Christian Indian men, women, and children had been murdered by Pennsylvania militiamen. Crawford's execution was brutal; he was tortured for at least two hours before he was burned at the stake. His nephew and son-in-law were also captured and executed. The war ended shortly thereafter, but Crawford's horrific execution was widely publicized in the United States, worsening the already strained relationship between Native Americans and European Americans.
Crawfords torture and execution by the Indians is described in graphic detail by Allan W. Eckert in The Frontiersman.

Generation 25:
Sarah Sally CRAWFORD
Birth About 1748 in Fayette Co. Pa. USA
Death Nov 10 1838 in Fayette Co Pennsylvania
Married to:
William HARRISON Captain
Birth About 1740 in Orange Virginia USA
Death Jan 11 1782 in Sandusky Erie Ohio USA (Killed alongside his father in law William Crawford)
Issue of Sarah and William:
Sally Harrison
1766
Nancy Harrison
1772 1856
Harriet Harrison
1772
Battle Harrison
1776
John Harrison
1778 1850
Mary Polly Harrison
1780

Generation 26:
Nancy HARRISON
Birth Dec 30 1772 in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 6 Dec 1856 in Moore Twp.Logan, Ohio, United States
Married to:
Daniel MCKINNON
Birth Apr 9 1767 in Fayette City, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 25 Aug 1837 in Moorefield, Clark, Ohio, United States
Issue of Nancy and Daniel:
William Harrison "Judge" McKinnon
1789 1861
Daniel McKinnon
1791 1864
Theophelus McKinnon
1795
John Benjamin McKinnon
1796 1850
Catherine "Katie" McKinnon
1797 1849
Uriah McKinnon
1797 1849
Josiah McKinnon
1804 1837
Sarah McKinnon
1806 1894
Thomas Dillow McKinnon
1809 1882

Generation 27:
Thomas Dillow MCKINNON
Birth 1809 in Boone County Kentucky, USA
Death 28 Oct 1882 in Lowell,Iowa
Married to:
Elizabeth SMITH
Birth Feb 5 1814 in ,Washington,Virginia,USA
Death May 1880 in Lee, Virginia
Issue of Thomas and Elizabeth:
Mary McKinnon
Theophalis Addison McKinnon
1834 1907
Thomas Jefferson McKinnon
1835 1904
Robert Jackson, SR. McKinnon
1837 1920
Josephine McKinnon
1838 1918
Daniel S McKinnon
1840 1914
James Monroe McKinnon
1844 1925
Isabella McKinnon
1846 1937
Ann Eliza McKinnon
1849 1918
John Quincy McKinnon
1850 1931
Lillian Sarah McKinnon
1852
William A McKinnon
1855
Baby Girl McKinnon
1856
Stephen Samuel McKinnon
1859 1905
Turtullus McKinnon
1859

Generation 28:
Robert Jackson, SR. MCKINNON
Birth Jan 22 1837 in Indiana, United States
Death 13 Apr 1920 in Harney, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:
Emily Harriet LONG
Birth 24 Mar 1843 in Indiana, United States
Death 18 Jul 1911 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Issue of Robert and Emily:
John E McKinnon
1859
Ida May McKinnon
1861 1950
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon
1863 1932
Andrew Johnson McKinnon
1866 1903
Lucy Jane McKinnon
1868 1957
Belle Dora McKinnon
1870
Harriet E McKinnon
1871 1871
Thomas Daniel McKinnon
1872 1948
Emma Alice McKinnon
1875
Elsie Ollie McKinnon
1876
William E McKinnon
1883 1898
Essie Geneva McKinnon
1897

Generation 28:
Robert Jackson Jr, MCKINNON
Birth 12 Sep 1863 in Iowa
Death 3 Nov 1932 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to:
Laura Ann GALLOWAY
Birth Mar 15 1868 in Elk City Benton Oregon USA
Death Jun 21 1915 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Issue of Robert and Laura:
Clarence Roy McKinnon
1889 1959
Eula Lea McKinnon
1891 1973
Ralph Earl McKinnon
1898 1961
Gladys Delta McKinnon
1900
Otho Walter McKinnon
1903 1975
Cleo Addison McKinnon
1909
Leo Addis McKinnon
1909

Generation 29:
Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA
Married to:
Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA

The MCKINNON Relationship to President Jimmy CARTER

Rachel CARTER is my gggg maternal grandmother and an ancestor to President Jimmy CARTER the 43rd president. Since Rachel CARTER is one of my progenitors it is easy to show my relationship to her. It is a more convoluted process to show her relationship to the president. Rachel and her husband Abraham MARSHALL were Pennsylvania Quaker's and recipients of William Penn's generosity to provide a home in the New World. Quaker's were discriminated against in England by the Crown and the Church of England. King Charles II owed William Penn favors which were rewarded by substantial land ownership in the New World. This genealogy will first show the relationship to the MCKINNON's followed by the president. Both genealogies will begin with Rachel CARTER.

Generation 1:
Rachel CARTER
Birth 1719 in Bradford, McKean, Pennsylvania, USA
Death 29 Sep 1799 in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Married to Abraham MARSHALL
Birth 4 Mar 1713 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 1750 in Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Rachel and Abraham:
Elizabeth Marshall
1732 1797
Samuel Marshall
1745 1817
Mary Marshall
1747 1815
Hannah Marshall
1750 1752

Generation 2:
Elizabeth MARSHALL
Birth May 6 1732 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Oct 28 1797 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania
Married to Joel BAILY
Birth 16 Dec 1732 in West Marlborough, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 29 Oct 1797 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Elizabeth and Joel:
Abraham Baily Dr.
1760 1825
Hannah Baily
1763 1834
Emmor Baily
1767 1848
Jacob Baily
1770 1799
Rachel Baily
1774 1853

Generation 3:
Jacob BAILY
Birth 28 Mar 1770 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 15 Apr 1799 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to Elizabeth WEBB
Birth 10 Sep 1773 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 24 Feb 1853 in Centreville, New Castle, DE, USA
Issue of Jacob and Elizabeth:
Mary Baily
1791 1815
Ezekiel Baily
1793 1858
Elizabeth Baily
1795 1846
Marshall Baily
1798 1820

Generation 4:
Elizabeth BAILY
Birth Mar 22 1795 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Sep 11 1846 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Married to Ezra LAMBORN
Birth Jul 7 1786 in Wilmington, Ohio, USA
Death Oct 17 1844 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Issue of Elizabeth and Ezra:
Sarah Lamborn
1816 1816
Margaretta Lamborn
1817
Marshall B Lamborn
1819 1852
Rebecca Pearce Lamborn
1822 1903
Nathan Lamborn
1824
Ezekiel Lamborn
1828
Elizabeth Ann Lamborn
1832 1842

Generation 6:
Rebecca Pearce LAMBORN
Birth Jan 18 1822 in New Castle, Lawrence, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 13 Jul 1903 in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States
Married ti David Hale EDWARDS
Birth Sep 13 1815 in Marietta, Ohio, USA
Death Jun 19 1888 in Belle Plaine, Benton, Iowa, United States
Issue of Rebecca and David:
Mary Elizabeth Edwards
1841 1845
Fidelia Adelaide Edwards
1843
Ezra L Edwards
1847 1847
David Hale Edwards
1848 1849
Margaretta "Rhettie" Edwards
1852 1942
Hamilton Bell Edwards
1857 1937
Mary Evalyn Edwards
1858 1950

Generation 7:
Mary Evalyn EDWARDS
Birth Nov 1 1858 in Iowa
Death 05 Jan 1950 in Lebanon, Oregon, USA
Married to Theodore Fred PRILL
Birth Jul 10 1850 in Dayton Ohio, USA
Death Jan 1 1941 in Casper, Wyoming, USA
Issue of Mary and Theodore:
Lewis Merton Prill
1882 1970
Margaretta Lula Prill
1887 1982
Charles Otis Prill
1894 1954
Mamie Veda Prill
1901 1998
Fred Laverne Prill
1904 1960

Generation 8:
Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Married to:
Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA
Issue of Mamie and Clarence:
Mava Lurhea McKinnon
1922
Felice Grace McKinnon
1923 2002
Robert Prill McKinnon
1928 1999
Dale Lynn McKinnon
1932

Generations from Rachel CARTER to President James Earl CARTER

Generation 3:
Rachel CARTER
Birth 1719 in Bradford, McKean, Pennsylvania, USA
Death 29 Sep 1799 in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Married to Abraham MARSHALL
Birth 4 Mar 1713 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 1750 in Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Rachel and Abraham:
Elizabeth Marshall
1732 1797
Samuel Marshall
1745 1817
Mary Marshall
1747 1815
Hannah Marshall
1750 1752

Generation 2:
George CARTER (Father of Rachel CARTER)
Birth 1674 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Death 1736 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Married to Elizabeth TULL
Birth 1699
Death ?
Issue of George and Elizabeth:
Anna CARTER
1715
Elizabeth Carter
1715 1783
Hannah Carter
1715
Rachel Carter
1719 1799

Generation 1:
Thomas CARTER Jr. (Father of George CARTER)
Birth 1649 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Death 1710 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Married to Magdalen MOORE
Birth 1653 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Death 1673 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Issue of Thomas and Magdalen:
Edward Carter
1673 1730
George Carter
1674 1736
Thomas Carter
1675
Alexander Carter
1676
Martha Carter
1678
Moore Carter
1680 1741
William Carter
1684
John Carter
1686
Benjamin Carter
1688
James Carter
1690

Generation 2.1:
Moore CARTER
Birth 1680 in Isle Wight, VA, USA
Death 1741 in Bertie, North Carolina, United States
Married to Jane KINDRED
Birth 1680 in VA
Death Feb 1764 in Northampton, Virginia, United States
Issue of Moore and Jane:
Catherine Carter
1701
Elizabeth Carter
1707 1762
Kindred Carter
1710 1777
Jacob Carter
1716 1797
Moore Carter
1718 1669
Isaac Carter
1720 1792
Jane Carter
1722
Susannah Carter
1725 1764
Sarah Carter
1727
John Carter
1732 1750

Generation 3.1:
Isaac CARTER
Birth 1720 in Bertie, North Carolina, United States
Death 8 Jul 1792 in Hertford, North Carolina, United States
Married to Ruth ?
?
?
Issue of Isaac and Ruth:
James Carter
1749 1811
Kindred Carter
1750 1800

Generation 4:
Kindred CARTER
Birth 1750 in Bertie, North Carolina, U.s.
Death 1800 in Columbia, Georgia, U.s.
Married to Mourning HICKMAN
Birth 1745 in Edgecombe, Edgecombe, North Carolina, United States
Death 1804 in Edgecombe, Edgecombe, North Carolina, United States
Issue of Kindred and Mourning:
James Carter
1773 1858
Henry CARTER
1775
Jesse CARTER
1775
Martha CARTER
1777

Generation 5:
James CARTER
Birth 1773 in Hereford, North Carolina, United States
Death 19 Jul 1858 in Schley, Georgia, United States
Married to Eleanor "Nellie" DUCKWORTH
Birth 1780 in Richmond Wilkes, Georgia, USA
Death 1820 in Talbot County, Georgia, United States of America
Issue of James and Eleanor:
Wiley Carter
1798 1864
Felix Carter
1800 1844
George W Carter
1801 1850
Epsey CARTER
1803 1867
James D Carter
1803 1854
Keziah Carter
1805 1855
Littleberry Carter
1807 1847
Marina Carter
1809
Martha Carter
1811

Generation 6:
Wiley CARTER
Birth 1798 in Warren, Georgia, United States
Death 4 March 1864 in Ellaville, Schley, Georgia, United States
Ana ANSLEY
Birth 1801 in Warren County Georgia, USA
Death 1848 in Glascock, Georgia, United States
Issue of Wiley and Ana:
Amanda Carter
1822 1898
Caroline Carter
1823 1854
Calvin G Carter
1825 1899
Euphrasia A Carter
1829 1868
Littleberry Walker Carter
1832 1873
Jane Carter
1834 1905
Julia A Carter
1836 1910
Louisiana Virginia Carter
1838 1916
Wiley Carter
1840 1904
Sarah Ann Carter
1843
Jesse Taliafero Carter
1846 1924
Talifern Carter
1846 1924
Sterling Gardner Carter
1851 1922

Generation 7:
Littleberry Walker CARTER
Birth 1832 in Warren, Sumter, GA, USA
Death 27 Nov 1873 in Warren, Georgia, USA
Married to Mary Ann Diligent SEALS
Birth 1838 in Warren, Georgia, USA
Death 27 Nov 1873 in Warren, Sumter, Georgia, USA
Issue Littleberry and Mary:
Jeremiah Calvin Carter
1855 1925
Eliza Ann Carter
1856
William Archibald Carter
1858 1903
Nannie Bell Carter
1866

Generation 8:
William Archibald CARTER
Birth 12 Nov 1858 in Warren, Sumter, Georgia, USA
Death 4 Sep 1903 in Arlington, Calhoun, Georgia, USA
Married to Nina PRATT
Birth 5 Dec 1863 in Abbeville, Abbeville, South Carolina, United States
Death 7 Mar 1939 in Plains, Sumter, Georgia, United States
Issue of William and Nina:
Ethel Carter
1887
William Alton Carter
1888 1978
Lula Carter
1891
Earl Carter
1893
James Earl Carter Sr.
1894 1953


Generation 9:
James Earl CARTER Sr.
Birth 12 Sep 1894 in Arlington, Calhoun, Georgia, United States
Death 22 Jul 1953 in Plains, Sumter, Georgia, United States
Married to Bessie Lillian GORDY
Birth 15 Aug 1898 in Richland, Stewart, Georgia, USA
Death 30 Oct 1983 in Americus, Sumter, Georgia, USA
Issue of James and Bessie:
James Earl "Jimmie" Carter Jr.
1924
Gloria C Carter
1926 1990
Ruth Carter
1929 1983
William Alton Carter
1937 1988

Generation 10:
James Earl Carter Jr. (President Jimmy CARTER)
Birth Oct 1 1924 in Plains Georgia
Death Living
Married to Eleanor Rosalyn SMITH
Birth 18 Aug 1927 in Plains, Sumter, Georgia, United States
Death Living
Issue of Jimmy and Eleanor:
John William (Jack) Carter
Living
Amy Lynn Carter
Living

A MCKINNON Legacy, The beginning of the Slave trade

Most of my journals have been either interesting or one of pride. Not so in this journal. My mother's family can be easily traced into medieval England. In the time of the Tudor reign we discover the Hawkins family. As usual, when you get this far back in history you can be sure you are dealing with nobility. John Hawkins, the main character in this journal is a second cousin of Sir Francis Drake. In fact, history tells us they lived together for a time. William Hawkins, the father of John was a confidant of Henry VIII. John Hawkins is considered the originator of the negro slave trade in the world.Following is brief biography of William Hawkins from:
http://www.devonheritage.org/Nonplace/History/TheHawkinsfamilyofPlymouth.htm

William married Joan Trelawny of the famed Cornish family and they had two children: William, born about 1519 and John, 1532.

He became Mayor of Plymouth in 1532. In 1544 he was Deputy Mayor and England was at war with France when, with others, he received a commission from Henry VIII to annoy the Kings enemies with 4, 6 or 8 barks sailing at their own cost. This commission marks the entry of the Hawkins family into the business of privateering. The privateers, or men-of-war as they were known at the time, inflicted great damage on French commerce at great profit to themselves. One of Williams ships took a Spanish vessel, whose cargo he asserted was French, falsely represented as Spanish. A French invasion seemed imminent and it was uncertain whether Spain would back France. It was therefore expedient to keep the Spanish Emperor happy and Hawkins was imprisoned until he should have made restitution to the owner of the captured ship. In fact it transpired that the owner was a Spaniard who, some years earlier, had become a naturalized Frenchman so William was in the right. In any event it was not discreditable for a public figure to go to prison in the 16th century and it did not lower him in the estimation of those who sent him there.

Next is s biography of John Hawkins from Wikipedia:

Admiral Sir John Hawkins (also spelled as Hawkyns) (Plymouth 1532 12 November 1595) was an English shipbuilder, naval administrator and commander, merchant, navigator, and slave trader. As treasurer (1577) and controller (1589) of the Royal Navy, he rebuilt older ships and helped design the faster ships that withstood the Spanish Armada in 1588. He later devised the naval blockade to intercept Spanish treasure ships. One of the foremost seamen of 16th-century England, he was the chief architect of the Elizabethan navy. In the battle in which the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1588, Hawkins served as a vice admiral and was knighted for his role.[1]
William, John's father, was a confidant of Henry VIII of England and one of England's principal sea captains. Sir Francis Drake, John's second cousin, helped him in his second voyage.
The first Englishman recorded to have taken slaves from Africa was John Lok, a London trader who, in 1555, brought five slaves from Guinea. A second London trader taking slaves at that time was William Towerson whose fleet sailed into Plymouth following his 1556 voyage to Africa and from Plymouth on his 1557 voyage. Despite the exploits of Lok and Towerson, John Hawkins of Plymouth is often considered to be the pioneer of the British slave trade, because he was the first to run the Triangular trade, making a profit at every stop.

John Hawkins formed a syndicate of wealthy merchants to invest in the slave trade. In 1555, he set sail with three ships for the Caribbean via Sierra Leone. They hijacked a Portuguese slave ship and traded the 301 slaves in the Caribbean. Despite having two ships seized by the Spanish authorities, he sold the slaves in Santo Domingo and thus made a profit for his London investors. His voyage caused the Spanish to ban all English ships from trading in their West Indies colonies.[citation needed] In 1563, John Hawkins brought the first slaves from Africa to both the Caribbean Isles and Lower Americas.[2]
[edit]Second voyage (15641565)

Hawkins' second voyage was even more successful. In 1564, Queen Elizabeth I partnered with him by renting him the huge old 700-ton ship Jesus of Lubeck, on which he set forth on a more extensive voyage, along with three small ships. Hawkins sailed to Borburata, privateering along the way. By the time he reached Borburata, he had captured around 400 Africans. After Borburata, Hawkins sailed to Rio de la Hacha. The Spanish officials tried to prevent Hawkins from selling the slaves by imposing taxes. Captain Hawkins refused to pay the taxes and threatened to burn the towns. After selling his slaves, Captain Hawkins sailed to a French colony in Florida for a respite. Captain Hawkins returned to England in September 1566, his expedition a total success as his financiers made a 60% profit.[citation needed]
[edit]Third voyage (15671569)

His third voyage began in 1567. Hawkins obtained many more slaves, and also augmented his cargo by capturing the Portuguese slave ship Madre de Deus (Mother of God) and its human cargo. He took about 400 slaves across the Atlantic on the third trip. At San Juan de Ula (in modern Vera Cruz) he was chanced upon by a strong Spanish force that was bringing, by a royal edict issued on 16 June 1567 by king Philip II of Spain, an investigative commission consisting of Licenciado Gaspar de Jarava, Licenciado Alonso Muoz, and Doctor Luis Carrillo to find out about the insistent rumours alleging some sort of move towards Mexican independence from the Spanish Crown by the Spanish Viceroy of Mexico Gaston de Peralta, 3rd Marquis of Falces, and his half-brothers Martin Cortes I "El Mestizo", Martin Corts y Ziga (also known as Martin Corts II and Martn Corts, 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca) and Luis Corts y Hermosillo. De Jarava and Muoz were from the Council of the Indies, while Carrillo was an official at the Court. The General Commander of the Fleet was the newly appointed governor of Cuba Pedro Menndez de Avils (founder of the City of San Agustin, Florida), assisted by the capable seafarer Sancho Pardo Donlebn, who was later to be a powerful adversary of both Hawkins and Drake.
In the ensuing Battle of San Juan de Ula only two of the English ships escaped destruction, and Hawkins' voyage home was a miserable one. That of Hawkins' gunner, Job Hartop was equally so and took many years.
Although his first three voyages were semi-piratical enterprises, Queen Elizabeth I was in need of money and saw pirates as fighting her battles at their own cost and risk.
Hawkins would write about the details of his third voyage in An Alliance to Raid for Slaves. Specifically he comments on how trading and raiding were closely related in the English slave trade, and how European success in the slave trade directly depended on African allies who were willing to cooperate. He also comments on the level of violence he and his men used and encouraged in order to secure his captives. The title makes clear the basis of his methodology.
[edit]15701587

As part of the English government's web of counter-espionage, Hawkins pretended to be part of the Ridolfi plot to betray Queen Elizabeth in 1571. By gaining the confidence of Spain's ambassador to England, he learned the details of the conspiracy, and notified the government so to arrest the plotters. He offered his services to the Spanish, in order to obtain the release of prisoners of war, and to discover plans for the proposed Spanish invasion of England.
His help in foiling the plot was rewarded, and in 1571 Hawkins entered Parliament as MP for Plymouth. He became Treasurer of the Royal Navy on 1 January 1578, following the death of his predecessor Benjamin Gonson (who was also his father-in-law, Hawkins having married Katherine Gonson in 1567).
Hawkins' financial reforms of the Navy upset many who had vested interests, and in 1582 his rival Sir William Wynter accused him of administrative malfeasance, instigating a royal commission on fraud against him. The commission, under William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Francis Walsingham, and Drake, concluded that there was no undue corruption, and that the Queen's Navy was in first-rate condition.[3]
Hawkins was determined that his navy, as well as having the best fleet of ships in the world, would also have the best quality of seamen, and so petitioned and won a pay increase for sailors, arguing that a smaller number of well-motivated and better-paid men would be more effective than a larger group of uninterested men.
Hawkins made important improvements in ship construction and rigging; he is less well known for his inventiveness as a shipwright, but it was his idea to add to the caulker's work by the finishing touch of sheathing the underside of his ships with a skin of nailed elm planks sealed with a combination of pitch and hair smeared over the bottom timbers, as a protection against the worms which would attack a ship in tropical seas. Hawkins also introduced detachable topmasts that could be hoisted and used in good weather and stowed in heavy seas. Masts were stepped further forward, and sails were cut flatter. His ships were "race-built", being longer and with forecastle and aftcastle (or poop) greatly reduced in size.
[edit]The Spanish Armada



The arms of Sir John Hawkins
John Hawkins' innovative measures made the new English ships fast and highly manoeuvrable. In 1588 they were tested against the Spanish Armada. Hawkins was the Rear Admiral, one of three main commanders of the English fleet against the Armada, alongside Francis Drake and Martin Frobisher. Hawkins flagship was Victory. It is possible that Hawkins organised the fire-ship attacks at Calais. For his role in the great sea battle, Hawkins was knighted.
After the defeat of the Armada, Hawkins urged the seizure of Philip II's colonial treasure, in order to stop Spain re-arming. In 1589, Hawkins sailed with former apprentice Francis Drake in a massive military operation (the DrakeNorris Expedition) with one of its goals being to try to intercept the Spanish treasure fleet. The voyage failed, but the idea led many other English pirates to make similar attempts.
In 1590 Drake and Hawkins founded a charity for the relief of sick and elderly mariners. This was followed by a hospital in 1592 and another in 1594, the Sir John Hawkins Hospital. The charity continues today.
[edit]Potatoes, tobacco and sharks

Potatoes were first imported to the British Isles (probably to Ireland) in either 1563 or 1565 (sources differ) by Hawkins.
Some scholars suggest that it was John Hawkins who introduced tobacco into Britain. Some accounts say this was in 1569, others in 1564. The latter is more likely, since he mentions "Ltobaccoj" (meaning tobacco) in his journals of the second voyage.
The Oxford English Dictionary notes that the word shark appears to have been introduced by Hawkins' sailors, who brought one back and exhibited it in London in 1569. It has recently been suggested that the derivation is from xoc, the word for "fish" in a Mayan language spoken in Yucatn.[4]
[edit]Death

In 1595 he accompanied his second cousin Sir Francis Drake, on a treasure-hunting voyage to the West Indies, involving two unsuccessful attacks on San Juan in Puerto Rico. During the voyage they both fell sick. Hawkins died at sea off Puerto Rico. Drake succumbed to disease, most likely dysentery, on January 27, and was buried at sea somewhere off the coast of Porto Belo. Hawkins was succeeded by his son Sir Richard Hawkins.
Hawkins came to the public's attention again in June 2006, almost four and a half centuries after his death, when his descendant Andrew Hawkins publicly apologized for his ancestor's actions in the slave trade

Genealogy of the Hawkins family:

Generation 1:
Osbert DEHAWKING
Birth 1357 in Faversham, Kent, England
Death 1393 in England
Married to:
??
Issue of Osbert and ?:
Sir Andrew Hawkins
1421 1453

Generation 2:
Sir Andrew HAWKINS
Birth 1421 in Faversham, Kent, England
Death 1453 in Morchard, Devon, England
Married to:
Joan DE NASH
Birth 1429 in Launceston, Cornwall, England
Death 1454 in Nash Court, Kent, England
Issue of Andrew and Joan:
Margaret Hawkins
1450
Sir John Hawkins
1450 1508
Jeremy Hawkins
1455

Generation 3:
Sir John HAWKINS
Birth 1450 in Travistock, Devon, England
Death 1508 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Married to:
Joan AMADOS
Birth 1465 in Lauceston, Cornwall, England
Death 1554 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Issue of John and Joan:
William A. Hawkins Captain
1480 1554

Generation 4:
Captain William A HAWKINS
Birth 1480 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Death 1554 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Married to:
Joan Towne TRELAWNEY
Birth 1494 in Launceton, Cornwall, England
Death 10 Jul 1589 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Issue of William and Joan:
John Hawkins Sir/Admiral
1520 1595
Sir William Amadas Hawkins
1530 1589

Generation 5:
Admiral Sir John HAWKINS
Birth 1520 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Death 21 Nov 1595 in at sea, off the coast of Puerto Rico
Married to:
Dame Katherine GONSON
Birth 1534 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Death July 1591 in Kent, England
Issue of John and Katherine:
Thomas Hawkins
1555 1650

Generation 6:
Thomas HAWKINS
Birth 1555 in Shareshill, Shropshire, England
Death 1650 in Shareshill, Shropshire, England
Married to:
Joane HELE
Birth 1565 in Plymouth, Devon, England
Death 17 Aug 1634 in Petrockstowe, Devon, England
Issue of Thomas and Joane:
Joanna Hawkins
1581 1632

Generation 7:
Joanna HAWKINS (The Immigrant)
Birth abt 1581 in Tredington, Worcestershire, England
Death 1632 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Married to:
John PINNEY
Birth 1551 in Broadway, Somerset, England
Death 28 Dec 1632 in Broadway, Somerset, England
Issue of Joanna and John:
Humphrey Pinney
1605 1683

Generation 8:
Humphrey PINNEY
Birth 20 November 1605 in England
Death 20 Aug 1683 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Married to:
Mary HULL (The Immigrant)
Birth 27 Jul 1618 in Crewkerne, Somerset, England
Death 20 Aug 1684 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Issue of Humphrey and Mary:
Abigail Pinney
1618 1677
Samuel Pinney
1635 1681
Nathaniel Pinney
1640 1676
Mary Pinney
1644 1725
Sarah Pinney
1648 1711
John Pinney
1651 1697
Isaac Pinney
1663 1709

Generation 9:
Abigail PINNEY
Birth 1618 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut
Death 22 Dec 1677 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut
Married to:
John MOORE
Birth 1614 in England
Death 14 Sep 1677 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut (The Immigrant)
Issue of Abigail and John:
Thomas Moore
1630 1696
George Moore Lt.
1632 1710
Hannah Moore
1633 1685
Priscilla Moore
1635 1715
Sarah Moore
1637
Elizabeth Moore
1638 1728
Abigail Moore
1639 1728
Mindwell Moore
1643 1682
Hannah Moore
1644 1686
John Moore
1645 1718
Thomas Moore
1645 1682
Elizabeth Moore
1647 1738
Andrew Moore
1649 1719
James Moore
1650 1727

Generation 10:
Lt. George MOORE
Birth 1632 in Windsor Connecticutt
Death 30 NOV 1710 in Isle Of Wight, Virginia, USA
Married to:
Jane BARCROFT
Birth 1635 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Death 30 NOV 1710 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Issue of George and Jane:
Magdalen Moore
1653 1673
Elinor Moore
1654 1695
Ann Barcroft Moore
1658 1706
Mary Moore
1678 1711

Generation 11:
Magdalen MOORE
Birth 1653 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Death 1673 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Married to:
Thomas CARTER Jr.
Birth 1649 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Death 1710 in Isle, Virginia, United States
Issue of Magdalen and Thomas:
Edward Carter
1673 1730
George Carter
1674 1736
Thomas Carter
1675
Alexander Carter
1676
Martha Carter
1678
Moore Carter
1680 1741
William Carter
1684
John Carter
1686
Benjamin Carter
1688
James Carter
1690

Generation 12:
George CArTER
Birth 1674 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Death 1736 in Isle Wight, Virginia, USA
Married to:
Elizabeth TULL
Birth 1699
Death ??
Issue of George and Elizabeth:
Hannah Carter
Mary Carter
Samuel Carter
Anna CARTER
1715
Elizabeth Carter
1715 1783
Rachel Carter
1719 1799

Generation 13:
Rachel CARTER
Birth 1719 in Bradford, McKean, Pennsylvania, USA
Death 29 Sep 1799 in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Married to Abraham MARSHALL
Birth 4 Mar 1713 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 1750 in Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Rachel and Abraham:
Elizabeth Marshall
1732 1797
Samuel Marshall
1745 1817
Mary Marshall
1747 1815
Hannah Marshall
1750 1752

Generation 14:
Elizabeth MARSHALL
Birth May 6 1732 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Oct 28 1797 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania
Married to:
Joel BAILY
Birth 16 Dec 1732 in West Marlborough, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 29 Oct 1797 in West Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Elizabeth and Joel:
Abraham Baily Dr.
1760 1825
Hannah Baily
1763 1834
Emmor Baily
1767 1848
Jacob Baily
1770 1799
Rachel Baily
1774 1853

Generation 15:
Jacob BAILY
Birth 28 Mar 1770 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 15 Apr 1799 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to:
Elizabeth WEBB
Birth 10 Sep 1773 in Kennett, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 24 Feb 1853 in Centreville, New Castle, DE, USA
Issue of Jacob and Elizabeth:
Mary Baily
1791 1815
Ezekiel Baily
1793 1858
Elizabeth Bailey
1795 1846
Marshall Baily
1798 1820

Generation 16:
Elizabeth BAILY
Birth Mar 22 1795 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Sep 11 1846 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Married to:
Ezra LAMBORN
Birth Jul 7 1786 in Wilmington, Ohio, USA
Death Oct 17 1844 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Issue of Elizabeth and Ezra:
Sarah Lamborn
1816 1816
Margaretta Lamborn
1817
Marshall B Lamborn
1819 1852
Rebecca Pearce Lamborn
1822 1903
Nathan Lamborn
1824
Ezekiel Lamborn
1828
Elizabeth Ann Lamborn
1832 1842

Generation 17:
Rebecca Pearce LAMBORN
Birth Jan 18 1822 in New Castle, Lawrence, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 13 Jul 1903 in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States
Married to:
David Hale EDWARDS
Birth Sep 13 1815 in Marietta, Ohio, USA
Death jun 19 1888 in Belle Plaine, Benton, Iowa, United States
Issue of Rebecca and David:
Mary Elizabeth Edwards
1841 1845
Fidelia Adelaide Edwards
1843
Ezra L Edwards
1847 1847
David Hale Edwards
1848 1849
Margaretta "Rhettie" Edwards
1852 1942
Hamilton Bell Edwards
1857 1937
Mary Evalyn Edwards
1858 1950

Generation 18:
Mary Evalyn EDWARDS
Birth Nov 1 1858 in Iowa
Death 05 Jan 1950 in Lebanon, Oregon, USA
Married to:
Theodore Fred PRILL
Birth Jul 10 1850 in Dayton Ohio, USA
Death Jan 1 1941 in Casper, Wyoming, USA
Issue of Mary and Theodore:
Lewis Merton Prill
1882 1970
Margaretta Lula Prill
1887 1982
Charles Otis Prill
1894 1954
Mamie Veda Prill
1901 1998
Fred Laverne Prill
1904 1960

Generation 19:
Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Married to Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA
Issue of Mamie and Clarence:
Mava Lurhea McKinnon
1922
Felice Grace McKinnon
1923 2002
Robert Prill McKinnon
1928 1999
Dale Lynn McKinnon
1932

My McKinnon roots are traceable to Robert Lamborn and Sarah Swayne

In all the New World there is no more beautiful story than that of Robert Lamborn and Sarah Swayne. Not only beautiful but unbelievable. As they say. "truth is stranger than fiction". Robert Lamborn and Sarah Swayne are my gggg grandparents and they come down my mother's line through the EDWARDs and PRILL's. Before listing the complete genealogy the love story of Robert and Sarah is recounted. One note before going farther, Robert Lamborn was Church of England and Sarah Swayne was Quaker. This difference in religion undoubtedly had much to do with both families taking a dim view of the budding romance. This was a time when the Quaker's were persecuted by the crown which of course was Church of England. The Swayne family were beneficiaries of William Penn who provided the Quaker's a home in the New World. In the final analysis, Robert Lamborn becomes a committed Quaker. Without further ado here is the story:

Robert Lamborn and Sarah Swayne
Notes : All of the following notes come from Source
Rita Turegano rita943@yahoo.com from www.rootsweb.com updated 14 July 2003
Robert was Episcopalian Emigrated to America 1713 Note: Genealogy of the Lamborn Family by Samuel Lamborn, p. 55 (call # R929.2 L22, 1894) also pp. 269-271 Robert Lamborn was born in East Hempstead, Berkshire, England in the year 1697. He was the son of Joshua Lamborn, born about 1659, who had also five other children, named Thomas, Sarah, Maria, John and William. He appears by the old English records to have been born of Episcopalian parents, as the baptismal records in East Hempstead show. We have no definite information of his school days or of his occupation in England. Evidently he was susceptible to parental restraint, and of an impressible nature. At the age of seventeen he formed an attachment for an estimable young lady named Sarah Swayne, a daughter of Francis Swaine of Berkshire. This attachment was not encouraged by the parents of either , and all attempts to subdue their tender passion only intensified it. With dismay he heard of the intention of the Swaine family to leave England and settle in America, which they did in 1711. Robert didn't know in what part of the new world his love had gone, so he was debarred from even the pleasure of an occasional letter. Their separation did not weaken the affection of these young hearts; and Robert, resolved to find his love, determined that old ocean should not do what parental veto, time and distance could not do. With this determination in mind he sought from his parents their consent to his going to America. After many tears and admonitions, farewell was said forever to loved ones, and Robert set sail for America to find a new life and an old love. He arrived in America in 1713, found his way through the forests of Pennsylvania on a favored day. He was overjoyed to see Francis Swayne enter a store in that city. With much trepidation as to how Mr. Swayne would receive him, he awaited his exit from the store. To his great joy, Francis Swayne showed himself glad to see his old friend, and invited him to his home in the vicinity of what is now London Grove, saying, "I have only one horse, but we will ride and hitch." Robert would gladly have walked had it been a thousand miles. One rode the horse a few miles and hitched the horse some distance ahead of the walking traveler, who on coming up to the horse, would ride until he had passed the other, when he would also hitch the horse and walk until passed again, thus giving both horse and riders an occasional rest; and each hitch bringing the young lover nearer to his dear girl, who was all unconscious of the coming meeting. The old gentleman managed the hitches so that he had the last ride, and getting to the house first sent Sarah out to meet Robert. Thus, a most delightful and romantic reunion was affected. The opposition of her parents was withdrawn, as by this time they were further removed from the cause of their objections, that being their youth. They were soon afterward married by Friends ceremony, and Robert adopted the forms of that society, and found its ordinances delightful. This occurred in the house of John Baily near the old hotel (formerly called Worth's Tavern). From this romantic, and chivalrous union began the line of the numerous Lamborns in America. Rita's note: After reading and typing this, I would believe that not only their youth but the religious differences back in England might have caused part of the problem. If Robert was baptized as an Episcopalian and the Sawaines were Quakers, the Swaines wouldn't have let Sarah marry out of the Quaker religion.

Generation 1: Josiah LAMBORN
Birth 1659 in Hampstead, England, United Kingdom
Death 12/12/1749 in East Hampstead, Berkshire, , England
Married to:Ann BERKSHIRE
Birth 1661 in East Hampstead, Berkshire, England
Death 11 Aug 1722 in East Hampstead, Berkshire, England
Issue of Josiah and Ann:
Thomas Lamborn
1689 1761
Mariah Lamborn
1693
Robert Lamborn
1697 1775
John Lamborn
1702 1775
William Lamborn
1705
Sarah Lamborn
1707 1774

Generation 2: Robert LAMBORN
Birth 1697 in , Berkshire, , England
Death 22 Nov 1775 in London Grove, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to: Sarah SWAYNE
Birth 26 Aug 1700 in East Hampstead, Berkshire, , England
Death 31 Dec 1776 in London Grove, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Robert and Sarah:
Elizabeth Lamborn
1685 1790
Robert Lamborn
1723 1781
William Lamborn
1725 1808
Ann Lamborn
1728 1775
Francis Lamborn
1733 1818
Josiah Lamborn
1738 1818
Thomas Lamborn
1738 1812
Sarah Lamborn
1741 1800

Generation 3: Thomas LAMBORN
Birth 19 Mar 1738 in London Grove, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 25 Dec 1812 in Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Married to: Dinah CARSON
Birth 21 Apr 1744 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, United States
Death 15 Apr 1807 in Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Thomas and Dinah:
Richard Lamborn
1764 1844
Parmenus Lamborn
1766 1854
Levi Lamborn
1769 1840
Isaac Lamborn
1772 1773
Thomas Lamborn
1774 1843
Miriam Carson Lamborn
1776 1831
Jonathon Lamborn
1778 1856
Ezra Lamborn
1786 1844
Jacob Lamborn
1789 1854

Generation 4: Ezra LAMBORN
Birth Jul 7 1786 in Wilmington, Ohio, USA
Death Oct 17 1844 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Married to: Elizabeth BAILY
Birth Mar 22 1795 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA
Death Sep 11 1846 in Champaign, Ohio, United States
Issue of Ezra and Elizabeth:
Sarah Lamborn
1816 1816
Margaretta Lamborn
1817
Marshall B Lamborn
1819 1852
Rebecca Pearce Lamborn
1822 1903
Nathan Lamborn
1824
Ezekiel Lamborn
1828
Elizabeth Ann Lamborn
1832 1842

Generation 5: Rebecca Pearce LAMBORN
Birth Jan 18 1822 in New Castle, Lawrence, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 13 Jul 1903 in Pueblo, Pueblo, Colorado, United States
Married: David Hale EDWARDS
Birth Sep 13 1815 in Marietta, Ohio, USA
Death Jun 19 1888 in Belle Plaine, Benton, Iowa, United States
Issue of Rebecca and David:
Mary Elizabeth Edwards
1841 1845
Fidelia Adelaide Edwards
1843
Ezra L Edwards
1847 1847
David Hale Edwards
1848 1849
Margaretta "Rhettie" Edwards
1852 1942
Hamilton Bell Edwards
1857 1937
Mary Evalyn Edwards
1858 1950

Letter from Rebecca Pearce Lamborn dated April 5 1888, Belle Plaine , Benton County Iowa
Reply
DALE MCKINNON to Sue, Diane
show details 5/5/10
After the lapse of almost thirty three years will endeavor as far as memory will permit to give a sketch of our pioneer journey to this state in the year 1855. In the sixth month of the same year David left to make a prospecting tour west; tarried a while in Illinois , to view the country, passed farther west, crossed the Father of Waters into Iowa one hundred miles west of the Mississippi River;there he set his stakes, purchased some hundred acres of land, knowing or thinking that in the near future the county seat would be removed to the centre of the county: as Bradford on the Big Cedar River was in the extreme southwest corner of the county, a beautiful location and town of fifteen or twenty thousand inhabitants, he soon erected a small board house. He started his homeward trip, part of the time on horseback; left a man, who with his family was living in their wagon, to put a door and two windows in, and batten it up some, gave him the privilege of staying in it, and pay him till our arrival in the coming fall: but he stayed as long as he wished, bought him a farm two or three miles away, and left the little house just as it was. In the ninth month we left home and th dear ones with my three little girls, Deby, or Fidelia, Katie, died at twenty five; left her babe , Edwards Rowen, with us. He died at seven years, and Rettie, or Margaretta, not quite three years old, burying my little boy in Friends graveyard by the side of his little brothers, sisters and my dear parents.

We wended our way o'er hills and glens, prairies wide, streams amd rivers, many times deep and wide, (having a covered wagon and a carriage), after thirty-five days of weary traveling, both worn and tired, and on the last day of the Tenth month drove up to the little board-house expecting to see a door and windows, David jumped out raised his quilt and said "ho, ho:! Hard at it:" The reply was "Hurrah: Are you the man who owns this ranch."" David answered I guess I am." But there was little show for us poor tired mortals. There were seventeen in number, counting a mother, who lay in bed with an infant a few days old. The man in David's absence had brought on a steam saw mill and had gone in the little house with his work hands; also after he was after us, there had been a log house put up close by to entertain land viewers, speculators and so on. We got out and went in. We sat down to some cold fried potatoes, cold fat meat and muddy coffee, unpacked our beds, laid them on the dirty floor of the kitchen, (being but two apartments, the one above entered by a ladder), and laid our tired bodies down to rest as well as we could. Oh: how the thoughts of home and dear ones would many rimes swell my bosom to overflowing.

In about a week they had saved lumber and made a temporary place to go into. A number of families had come oin, some in hay shanties, some in board shanties. Went to my home, though poor indeed, but felt very thankful to get there" ad no washing done in the last thirty-five days we were on the road, nor did I get any done until I got in my hut.

In about a week after we got in, David returned to McGregor, one hundred miles on the Mississippi, to get provisions, also to take his nephew, David Edwards, a lad of eighteen years, to return to Ohio. He came to drive and stay till he was twenty one, and then David was to give him an acre of land; but he was sick with the Ohio agne most of the way, which made it very hard for me to drive: he could sit up but little on the way, and he was homesick too.

A few days after David started back, being so cold I took my little girls into the log tavern to warm, for we would be near freezing--the thermometer down to 28 and 30 below zero, but quite comfortable in the loghouse; and while there a woman named Lydia Shaw came in crying. She fad four children. I said to her "I am alone with my children' no door, nor windows, nor upper floor, and a loose lower one; can see out between the boards:but, dear strange woman, thee is welcome to come and share with me my hardship, if any better than what thee has got." her husband worked in the sawmill. So through the blizzard snowstorm he brought their beds , laid them down by the side of mine, I lying on the outer side, my three girls next, her four children next, then Lydia, next her husband. The quilts at the door and two windows would tear at the nails as fast as nailed down. My sufferings I could not describe. But daylight dawned on us once more. The landlady (Jarred) an angel of mercy, came to my relief: she was a mother to me in distress and suffering. She put hot blankets out of hot water, did all she could. I was perfectly cold, inside and out.

After David's absence of ten days, as he was storm-staid by a snow blizzard, wading rivers and streams, (as there were no bridges at that time, or but very few near the river), and breaking through the ice sometimes, but got home to find me near death's door with inflammation of the bowels: but that eye that neither slumbers nor sleeps cared for me, and raised me to journey on a few more months and years the rugged path of life. After Christmas we procured a door, two windows and boards to put overhead. We had a loose floor below , but nothing to batten the cracks, not even rags: got some poles to make bedsteads. The length of the bedsteads was the width of the shanty: and many a morning my little girls were banked over with snow, and froze their ears and noses different times in bed: the snow in the house would fill our stove, but David would get up and dress in the snow , shovel off the snow, and start a fire. He bought two fat hogs of the landlord at an exorbitant price, but having no warm place nor bedding, one froze to death and the other would also, but he skinned it. We would chop it off with an axe, sit around the stove or stand , and cook and eat it with pancakes made of flour and or meal and water, as we had no milk, nor could we raise bread or keep yeast. But spring once nmore came, and our hearts were made glad indeed, for I felt like a stranger in a strange land; but that same kind Being who was mighty and strong to save was in this same part of the world, and ready, yes ever willing to extend a helping hand.

David went to work and got help as the prairies were growing white with covered wagons in all directions-- so great was the immigration. They blasted boulders scattered over the prairies, walled a cellar, handed lumber a great way and built a large house; he had a town laid out , sold one lot and gave one, and by the next fall the county books were moved from Bradford to our town, New Hampton. The large safe, books, officers, and all went into our large front room; so I had them and the public to entertain till a court house and hotel could be built. Here my only son (living) Haurie or Hamilton, was born the 7th of ninth month, 1857, and Mary in 1858, while court was in session, but no doctor near.

In a year court house, hotel and many buildings went up like magic. I forgot to say in the beginning the next spring after we arrived, David ordered a Little Giant Corn Mill to accommodate the settlers, and we have counted fourteen teams at a time. Killed their own meat and game, as some had no money after getting homes. We have had seven nice fat deers at a time in our cellar; but things do not last long so; deer, turkeys and elk in three or four years left.

After seeing our town a large city for fouteen years with all modern improvements, two railroads, moved ten miles west to chickasaw in the same county; bought a large and flourishing sawmill, and a farm; on it was 40 acres of as beautiful sugar maple grove of large size as I ever saw: he started an apiary. There my Katie was married , and in three years she was laid in the Chichasaw graveyard. She was with us sixteen weeks before she died; she was twenty five years old. Margaretta married in Chickasaw , only seventeen.

David bought a flouring mill, new mill and buildings, nice orchard and surroundings; but his health began to break We concluded to collect all we had together after staying one year, and go back to Ohio, then settle down quietly and put Haurie and Mary in school. But one year found us back to Iowa for Haurie and Mary, also Lewis and Rettie Button, were so homesick, we just had to leave, and left Deby and Frank Coe there.

Now will close, thinking , dear cousins, you will weary in trying to read this. I have been spared these many years; thankful I feel, though sometimes my path has been rough and uneven: winters cold and stormy, tossed around earth's shores, but with all, thanks my Heavenly Father for his tender mercies and loving kindness. Have been spared to see my children (those left to me) raised and married, and seventeen grandchildrn out of twenty-five, and one great grandchild-Little Ralph Clark, living in Pueblo, Colorado, (Deby's third daugter's child)

Generation 6: Mary Evalyn EDWARDS
Birth Nov 1 1858 in Iowa
Death 05 Jan 1950 in Lebanon, Oregon, USA
Married to: Theodore Fred PRILL
Birth Jul 10 1850 in Dayton Ohio, USA
Death Jan 1 1941 in Casper, Wyoming, USA
Issue of Mary and Theodore:
Lewis Merton Prill
1882 1970
Margaretta Lula Prill
1887 1982
Charles Otis Prill
1894 1954
Mamie Veda Prill
1901 1998
Fred Laverne Prill
1904 1960

Generation 7: Mamie Veda PRILL
Birth Jan 26 1901 in Belle Plaine, Iowa, USA
Death Jun 12 1998 in Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Married to: Clarence Roy MCKINNON
Birth Jul 30 1889 in Coffee Pot, Oregon, USA
Death Nov 25 1959 in Carlton Yamhill Oregon USA

Robert Jackson McKinnon and Laura Galloway were kissing cousins

Robert Jackson MCKINNON Jr and Laura Ann GALLOWAY (my grandparents) were kissing cousins. They were distant cousins through their ancestors John BLEDSOE and Elizabeth Isabel WHITE. Both families are related to the famous frontiersman Daniel BOONE. We will first list the lineage of Laura followed by Robert Jr.

The lineage of Laura Ann GALLOWAY

Generation 1: William "Captain" BLEDSOE
Birth 1676 in VA
Death Dec 27 1769
Married to:Elizabeth MUMFORD
Birth Abt 1696 in Essex, Virginia, USA
Death 19 Apr 1770 in Culpepper, Virginia,
Issue of William and Mary were:
Hannah Bledsoe
1711 1769
George Bledsoe
1713 1801
William Bledsoe
1723 1794
Millie Bledsoe
1728 1785
Sarah Bledsoe
1728 1769
John Bledsoe
1730 1800
Joseph Bledsoe Rev.
1732 1801
Aaron Bledsoe
1733 1809
Mary Bledsoe
1734 1802

Generation 2: John BLEDSOE
Birth Abt 1730 in Orange, Orange, Virginia, United States
Death Before 1800 in Clark, Kentucky, United States
Married to: Elizabeth Isabel WHITE
Birth 13 Jan 1760 in Orange, Orange, Virginia, United States
Death 1814 in Clarke Co, Kentucky, United States
Issue of John and Elizabeth:
Elizabeth Bledsoe
1768 1833
Thomas Bledsoe
1774 1822
Lewis Bledsoe
1784 1830
William Bledsoe
1787 1860
Sally Bledsoe Sarah
1789 1864
John Bledsoe
1793 1836

Generation 3: Elizabeth BLEDSOE
Birth 25 June 1768 in Orange County, Virginia, USA
Death 26 Sep 1833 in Clark Co, Kentucky
Married to:John ADAMS
Birth 1768 in Clark, Kentucky, USA
Death 21 Sep 1825 in Clark, Kentucky, USA
Issue of Elizabeth and John:
Frances Adams
1788 1860
William Adams
1790 1860
Elizabeth Adams
1794
Nancy Adams
1796 1887
Bledsoe Adams
1798 1866
Margaret Adams
1800
Dolly Adams
1802
Travis Adams
1804
Jane Adams
1806 1876

Generation 4: Bledsoe ADAMS
Birth 1798 in Clark, Kentucky, United States
Death 1866 in Rumsey, McLean, Kentucky, United States
Married to:Lucinda CANNON
Birth 1824 in Tennessee, USA
Death 1861 in Rumsey, McLean, Kentucky, United States
Issue of Bledsoe and Lucinda:
Elizabeth Jane Adams
1845 1912
Foster Adams
1846 1934
Richard Bledsoe Adams
1849
Jacob Adams
1854
Elijah Adams
1859 1936

Generation 5: Elizabeth Jane ADAMS
Birth 19 Jan 1845 in Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky, United States
Death 12 Jan 1912 in Clarkston, Asotin, Washington, United State
Married to: John Thomas GALLOWAY
Issue of Elizabeth and John:
Elizabeth Jane or Lizzy Galloway
1862 1952
Michael Bledsoe Galloway
1865 1953
Laura Ann Galloway
1868 1915
Viola Bell Galloway
1870 1904
Sula Parlee Galloway
1873 1969
Etta Galloway
1875 1936
Laurena Galloway
1878 1881
Estella Galloway
1884 1983
Esther Galloway
1884
John Wesley Galloway
1889 1955

Generation 6: Laura Ann GALLOWAY
Birth Mar 15 1868 in Elk City Benton Oregon USA
Death Jun 21 1915 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Married to:Robert Jackson MCKINNON Jr.
Birth 12 Sep 1863 in Iowa
Death 3 Nov 1932 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States

The Lineage of Robert Jackson MCKINNON JR.
-----------------------------------------

WHITE Generation 1: William WHITE
Birth 1750 in Pennsylvania, USA
Death 1797 in Mason, Kentucky, USA
Married to: Elizabeth BOONE
Birth 1752 in Yadkin River, Rowan, North Carolina, United States
Death 1832 in Madison, Kentucky, United State
Issue of William and Elizabeth:
Elizabeth Isabel White
1760 1814
Mary White Polly
1772
Rebecca White
1781 1844

WHITE Generation 2: Elizabeth Isabel WHITE (This is the same Elizabeth Isabel White in generation 2 for Laura Galloway)
Birth 13 Jan 1760 in Orange, Orange, Virginia, United States
Death 1814 in Clarke Co, Kentucky, United States
Married to: John BLEDSOE
Birth Abt 1730 in Orange, Orange, Virginia, United States
Death Before 1800 in Clark, Kentucky, United States

BOONE Generation 3:Elizabeth BOONE (Mother of Elizabeth Isabel White)
Birth 1752 in Yadkin River, Rowan, North Carolina, United States
Death 1832 in Madison, Kentucky, United States
Father of Elizabeth Boone: Samuel BOONE
Birth 20 May 1728 in New Britain, Bucks, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 17 Oct 1816 in Fayette, Fayette, Kentucky
Married to:Sarah DAY (Sarah Day taught Daniel Boone to read and write and was unofficial matriarch)
Birth 1738 in Berks, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 1819 in Missouri City, Fort Bend, Texas, United States

BOONE Generation 2:Samuel BOONE
Birth 20 May 1728 in New Britain, Bucks, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 17 Oct 1816 in Fayette, Fayette, Kentucky, United States

BOONE Generation 1: Squire BOONE
Father of Samuel BOONE:
Birth 25 Nov 1696 in Exeter, Devon, England
Death 2 Jan 1765 in Salisbury, Rowan, North Carolina, United State
Squire BOONE married to:
Sarah MORGAN
Birth 23 Sep 1700 in Exeter, Berks, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 1 Jan 1777 in Mocksville, Rowan, North Carolina, United States
Issue of Squire and Sarah:
Sarah Cassandra Boone
1724 1815
Israel Boone
1726 1756
Samuel Boone
1728 1816
Jonathon Boone
1730 1808
Elizabeth Boone
1731 1825
Daniel Boone Colonel
1734 1820
Mary Boone
1736 1819
George Boone
1739 1820
Edward Boone
1740 1780
Squire Boone Jr.
1744 1815
Hannah Boone
1746 1828

BOONE Generation 2.1 :Colonel Daniel BOONE (The great frontiersman)
Birth Oct 22 1734 in Homestead, Oley Valley, Berks, Pa.
Death 26 Sep 1820 in Femme Osage, St Charles, Missouri, United States
Married to: Rebecca RYAN
Birth 9 Jan 1739 in Winchester, Frederick, Virginia, United States
Death 18 Mar 1813 in Hunting Creek, Rowan, North Carolina, United States
Issue of Daniel and Rebecca:
James Boone
1757 1773
Susannah Boone
1760 1800
Jemima Boone
1762 1829
Levina Boone
1766 1802
Rebecca Boone
1768 1805
Daniel Morgan Boone
1769 1839
Israel Boone
1769 1839
Jesse Bryan Boone
1773 1820
William Boone
1775 1775
Nathan Boone Major
1781 1856

BOONE Generation 3.1:Major Nathan BOONE
Birth 3 Feb 1781 in Bear Creek, Chatham, North Carolina, United States
Death 16 Oct 1856 in Ashgrove, Greene, Missouri, United States
Married to: Olive Van BIBBER
Birth Jan 13, 1783 in Greenbriar Co, Kentucky, USA
Death Nov 12, 1858 in Green City, Hickory Co, Missouri, USA
Issue of Nathan and Olive:
James Boone
1800
Delinda Boone
1802 1877
Jemima Boone
1804 1877
Susannah Boone
1806 1841
Nancy Boone
1808 1835
Emilia Boone
1810 1814
Olive Boone
1812 1836
Benjamin Howard Boone
1814 1866
John Coburn Boone
1816 1902
Levica Boone
1818 1854
Melcina Boone
1820 1900
Mary O Boone
1822 1915
Sarah Boone
1824 1859
Mahala S Boone
1826 1849

BOONE Generation 4:Jemima BOONE
Birth 17 Mar 1804 in Green City, Hickory, Missouri, United States
Death 22 Jul 1877 in Near Sherman, Grayson, Texas, USA
Married to:Henry ZUMWALT
Birth 1802 in Harrison, Charles, Virginia, United States
Death 1846 in Callaway, Missouri, United States

ZUMWALT Generation 2:John Daniel ZUMWALT (Father of Henry ZUMWALT)
Birth 1756
Death Feb 21 1820 in Fort Zumwalt, St Charles Cty., Va., USA

ZUMWAL Generation 1:Johann Wllhelm Andreas ZUMWALT (Father of John Daniel Zumwalt)
Birth 1698 in Strausberg, Alsace Lorraine, Germany now, France
Death 6 Mar 1765 in Toms Brook, Shenandoah, Virginia, United States
Married to: Anna Catherina Margareth JACOBS
Birth 14 Nov 1703 in Unterauerbach, Schwandorf, Bayern, Germany
Death 1748 in York, York, Pennsylvania, United States
Issue of Wilhelm and Anna:
Johann George Zumwalt
1741 1815
Christopher Zumwalt
1750 1811
Jacob Zumwalt
1752 1820
Adam Zumwalt
1755 1834
John Daniel Zumwalt
1756 1820

ZUMWALT Generation 2.1:Johann George ZUMWALT
Birth 10 Oct 1741 in York, York, Pennsylvania, United States
Death 4 Sep 1815 in Harrison, Kentucky, United States
Married to: Mary KALE
Birth 1748 in Pendleton, Louisa, Virginia, USA
Death 1803 in Harrison, Kentucky, USA
Issue of Jahann and Mary:
Philip Zumwalt
Mary Zumwalt
1764 1830
Paralee Zumwalt
1770 1826
Henry Zumwalt
1771 1814
Jacob Zumwalt
1772 1833
Philip Zumwalt
1772 1833
Margaret Zumwalt
1776 1871
Elizabeth Zumwalt
1780 1830
Christina Zumwalt
1783 1850
John Zumwalt
1787 1832

ZUMWALT Generation 3:Jacob ZUMWALT
Birth 1772 in Harrison, Kentucky, United States
Death 4 Nov 1833 in Hancock, Indiana, United States
Married to:Nancy Ann SPURGEON
Birth Mar 4 1776 in Pennsylvania
Death Sep 11 1844 in Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, USA
Issue of Jacob and Nancy:
Mary Ann (Polly) Zumwalt
1799 1826
Joseph Zumwalt
1800 1892
Daniel Zumwalt
1803 1852
Jacob Zumwalt
1807 1878
Elizabeth Zumwalt
1809
George Zumwalt
1811
John Zumwalt
1813
Eleanor Zumwalt
1815 1873
Sarah Zumwalt
1831 1904

ZUMWALT Generation 4:Elizabeth ZUMWALT
Birth SEP 1809 in Adams Co., Ohio
Death ??
Married to:Daniel LONG
Birth 1809 in Ohio USA
Death ??
Issue of Elizabeth and Daniel:
Jefferson Long
Josephus Long
1831
Allen Long
1832
Nancy Ann Long
1834 1919
Sarah Jane Long
1834
Jasper Long
1839 1904
Emily Harriet Long
1843 1911
Anson Long
1845

LONG Generation 1:Emily Harriet LONG
Birth 24 Mar 1843 in Indiana, United States
Death 18 Jul 1911 in Burns Harney Oregon USA
Married to:Robert Jackson MCKINNON Sr.
Birth Jan 22 1837 in Indiana, United States
Death 13 Apr 1920 in Harney, Harney, Oregon, United States
Issue of Emily and Robert:
John E McKinnon
1859
Ida May McKinnon
1861 1950
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon
1863 1932
Andrew Johnson McKinnon
1866 1903
Lucy Jane McKinnon
1868 1957
Belle Dora McKinnon
1870
Harriet E McKinnon
1871 1871
Thomas Daniel McKinnon
1872 1948
Emma Alice McKinnon
1875
Elsie Ollie McKinnon
1876
William E McKinnon
1883 1898
Essie Geneva McKinnon
1897

MCKINNON Generation 1:Robert Jackson MCKINNON Jr.
Birth 12 Sep 1863 in Iowa
Death 3 Nov 1932 in Burns, Harney, Oregon, United States
Married to: Laura Ann GALLOWAY
Birth Mar 15 1868 in Elk City Benton Oregon USA
Death Jun 21 1915 in Burns Harney Oregon USA

The PLANTAGENET Royal Family is related to the MCKINNON's

The Plantagenets were the longest lasting and perhaps the most colorful of the English monarchical families. Richard The Lionheart is the likely model for Robin Hood and Richards brother King John is the likely impetus for the infamous Sheriff of Nottingham. William Shakespeare found the Plantagenets fertile ground for his plays:
Alls Well That Ends Well..Henry II, Part 1
As You Like ItHenry IV, Part 2
The Comedy of Errors.Henry V
Cymbeline. .Henry VI, Part 1
Loves Labour LostHenry VI, Part 2
Measure For Measure..Henry VI, Part 3
The Merchant of Venice..King John
A Midsummer Nights Dream..Richard II
Much Ado about NothingRichard III

I am providing a quick ancestral diagram next for those uninterested in the history of the Plantagenet's.

Geoffrey Plantagenet V Count of Anjou (1113 - 1151)
relationship to you: husband of 28th great grand aunt
Matilda or Maud Princess of England (1102 - 1169)
Wife of Geoffrey
Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1068 - 1135)
Father of Matilda or Maud
Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1090 - 1147)
Son of Henry
William Fitz Robert 2nd Earl of Gloucester (1116 - 1183)
Son of Robert
Amicia Fitz Robert Countess of Gloucester (1160 - 1224)
Daughter of William
Gilbert III 5th Earl of Hertford 6th Earl of Gloucester de Clare (1180 - 1230)
Son of Amicia
Isabel de Clare of Gloucester and Hertford (1226 - 1275)
Daughter of Gilbert III 5th Earl of Hertford 6th Earl of Gloucester
Robert "Sir" "The Competiter" De Bruce 5th Lord of Annandale (1243 - 1304)
Son of Isabel
Robert I De Brus (1274 - 1329)
Son of Robert "Sir" "The Competiter"
Marjorie Bruce (1296 - 1316)
Daughter of Robert I
Robert II (King of Scotland) Stewart (1316 - 1390)
Son of Marjorie
Robert III (King of Scotland) Stewart (1337 - 1406)
Son of Robert II (King of Scotland)
Mary (Princess of Scotland) Stewart (1380 - 1458)
Daughter of Robert III (King of Scotland)
Gilbert (1st Lord Kennedy) Kennedy (1396 - 1478)
Son of Mary (Princess of Scotland)
John "2nd Lord Kennedy" Kennedy (1436 - 1508)
Son of Gilbert (1st Lord Kennedy)
Mary (Lady) Kennedy (1460 - 1510)
Daughter of John "2nd Lord Kennedy"
Alexander Vans (1501 - )
Son of Mary (Lady)
John (Sir) Vans ( - 1547)
Son of Alexander
Patrick (Sir) Vans (1550 - 1568)
Son of John (Sir)
John (Sir) Vans (1575 - 1642)
Son of Patrick (Sir)
John "Rector Of Kilmacreenan' Vans (1593 - 1662)
Son of John (Sir)
Lancelot "Doctor" Vans (1630 - 1688)
Son of John "Rector Of Kilmacreenan'
John Vance (1650 - 1710)
Son of Lancelot "Doctor"
Andrew Vance (1666 - 1740)
Son of John
John Sr. Vance (1693 - 1760)
Son of Andrew
Hannah Vance (1732 - 1817)
Daughter of John Sr.
Sarah Sally Crawford (1748 - 1838)
Daughter of Hannah
Nancy Harrison (1772 - 1856)
Daughter of Sarah Sally
Thomas Dillow McKinnon (1809 - 1882)
Son of Nancy
Robert Jackson, SR. McKinnon (1837 - 1920)
Son of Thomas Dillow
Robert Jackson Jr, McKinnon (1863 - 1932)
Son of Robert Jackson, SR.
Clarence Roy McKinnon (1889 - 1959)
Son of Robert Jackson Jr,
Dale Lynn McKinnon
You are the son of Clarence Roy





Generation 1:

Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, 1113-1151
Matilda or Maud Princess of England, 1102-1169
Issue of Geoffrey and Matilda, were Henry, Geoffrey and William






On 17 June 1128 Geoffrey married Empress Matilda, the daughter and heiress of King Henry I of England by his first wife Edith of Scotland, and widow of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. The marriage was meant to seal a peace between England/Normandy and Anjou. She was eleven years older than Geoffrey, very proud of her status as an Empress (as opposed to being a mere Countess). Their marriage was a stormy one with frequent long separations, but she bore him three sons William, Henry and Geoffrey.

Generation 2
Henry Plantagenet II, King of England, 1132-1189
Eleanor Duchess of Aquitaine, 1122-1204
Issue of Henry and Eleanor: William, Henry, Matilda, Richard, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan and John



A little history: John was the son of King Henry II and Queen Eleanor (of Aquitaine) and the younger brother of King Richard I, known as the Lion-Heart. Henry II was a great king, establishing peace and order, instituting much reform, and establishing courts of law. When Henry died (1189) his eldest son Richard succeeded to the throne. Due to Richard's fighting in the Crusades he was gone from England quite a bit. Thus, power became a bit decentralized and local lords (barons and earls) gained more influence. Richard died in 1199 without an heir, so his younger brother John came to the throne. John attempted to re-assert the power of the throne, and was successful to a degree. However, after the ten years of Richard's reign and his frequent absences, the barons were resentful at the occasionally brutal lengths King John went to in exercising the power of the royal court.

The barons and earls forced the King to give them many "rights" (not exactly how we think of them today), including a jury of one's peers, prosecutors having to prove guilt rather than a person having to prove his innocence (this was quite radical, and its importance cannot be overstated), and the right to silence. It also led to the eventual establishment of Parliament, and the idea of the people having a say in their government. These rights, enshrined in Magna Carta in 1215, are the foundation of the common law, principles of which form the basis of the law systems of many English-speaking nations today. (They are key elements to our Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.)

Now, about his being bad. Remember that his reign was during the heyday of Robin Hood, and John was the villain in that legend (though as Prince John). Part of it may then rest on his role in that legend. Probably it is meant to reflect a particularly contentious period in British history. When John died in 1216 his young son Henry became king (Henry III). Because Henry III was a boy king, it took many years before the antagonism between the throne and the local lords subsided. Henry II reigned for 56 years, which helped restore stability and peace to the political life of the nation.

Incidentally, we may not be the only ones who consider John a bad king. Since his death almost 700 years ago, there has never been another King John, and the name is rarely given out to royal male children. It appears even his descendants don't want to take a chance with the name.

Generation 3:
Richard Plantagenet I, The Lionheart, 1157-1199
Issue of Richard:Unmarried


Richard the Lionheart, the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was born in Oxford in 1157. While still a child, he was granted the duchy of Aquitaine. Encouraged by his mother, in 1173 Richard joined his brothers Henry and Geoffrey in the rebellion against their father.

When Henry II died in 1189, Richard was the eldest surviving son and therefore became king of England, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou. Soon afterwards, Richard took part in the Third Crusade. Considered to be the best military commander in the Christian world, his army managed to defeat Saladin, the Muslim leader, at Arsuf in 1191.

On his way home Richard was captured by Duke Leopold of Austria. While his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, was busy raising the 70,000 ransom money, Richard's younger brother John tried to seize the throne. Richard was released in 1194 and he spent the next couple of years winning back the territory he had lost while he had been away.

In 1199, while carrying out a siege on a castle, Richard was killed by a crossbow bolt. Richard did not have any children and before he died he arranged for his younger brother John to inherit the throne

Generation 3.1
John Plantagenet, King of England,, 1167=1216 (John is brother of Richard)
Isabella Angoluleme,, 1180-1246
Issue of John and Isabella: Henry, Richard, Joan, Isabella and Eleanor



Generation Two
John Lackland, King of England
Born about December 27, 1166 at Oxford.
Crowned King of England on May 27, 1199 at Westminster Abbey.
Died on October 19, 1216 at Newark.
This is the notorious King John who, under considerable pressure, granted the Magna Charta and then attempted to welsh on the deal. King John is perhaps best remembered as the arch enemy of the legendary outlaw Robin Hood. John was known as "Lackland" because he originally had only a few separate land holdings; but he ended up ruling the huge Angevin Empire when he became king following the death of his brother King Richard. John eventually lost many of his French possessions.
John took a close interest in the details of governmental and legal business; but he was endlessly suspicious of his own barons and he forced many confrontations, not the least of which resulted in the barons forcing King John to sign the Magna Charta.
John had a big argument with Pope Innocent III over the appointment of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury. John refused to accept Langton and the pope eventually retaliated by excommunicating John in 1209. At this point, John is said to have sent an embassy to Spain consisting of a priest known as Robert of London and two knights, Thomas de Erdington and Ralph Fitz Nicholas. The three men conferred with the Islamic Emir Al Mounenim also known as Mohammed Al Nassir and they were alleged to have proposed some sort of a deal whereby John would switch to the Islamic faith if the powerful Emir would support him as King of England. Of course, John likely intended to welsh on the deal and the Emir declined the offer anyway.

Generation 4.
Henry PLantagent III, King of England, 1207-1272
Eleanor of Provence, 1221-1291
Issue of Henry and Eleanor: Edward, Margaret, Beatrice, Edmund, Richard, John, Katherine and Henry


Henry III, King of England was born on 1 October 1207 at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England.3 He was the son of John I 'Lackland', King of England and Isabella d'Angoulme. He married Eleanor of Provence, daughter of Raimond Berengar V, Comte de Provence and Beatrice di Savoia, on 14 January 1236 at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.3 He died on 16 November 1272 at age 65 at Westminster Palace, Westminster, London, England.4 He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4
Henry III, King of England succeeded to the title of King Henry III of England on 19 October 1216.3 He was crowned King of England on 28 October 1216 at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, and styled 'Rex Anglaie, Dominus Hiberniae, Dux Normanniae, et Dux Aquitaniae.1,5' He abdicated as Duke of Normandy in December 1259.3 He fought in the Battle of Lewes on 14 May 1264, where he was taken priosner by the rebellious barons.6
He was only 9 years old when he came to the throne which he occupied for 56 years. While he was a minor the land was ruled by the Earl of Pembroke and Hubert de Burgh. His personal rule was weak and ineffective. Many followers from his wife's country were given important positions and the English barons became restless. By 1258 Henry was compelled to hand power to these barons, led by Simon de Monfort. War broke out between the barons and Henry, and he was defeated and made prisoner at Lewes. He had to agree that a new Great Council or Parliament, as it was now called for the first time, be set up. The members of this parliament would be chosen half by the King and half by the barons. In 1265 his son Edward defeated the barons at Evesham and de Monfort was killed. After this, although Henry remained King, the real ruler was Edward. Henry's most lasting contribution to his country was his advancement of the design of Gothic architecture. In particular he instituted the building of a new Abbey at Westminster and in Oct 1269 the relics of the Saint, Edward the Confessor, were laid in a shrine behind its altar. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.7
Children of Henry III, King of England and Eleanor of Provence
Edward I 'Longshanks', King of England b. 17 Jun 1239, d. 7 Jul 1307
Margaret of England, Princess of England b. 29 Sep 1240, d. 26 Feb 1275
Beatrice of England b. 25 Jun 1242, d. 24 Mar 1275
Edmund 'Crouchback' Plantagenet, Earl of Leicester b. 16 Jan 1245, d. 5 Jun 1296
Ri chard of England b. c 1247, d. b 1256
John of England b. c 1250, d. b 1256
William of England b. c 1251, d. c 1256
Katherine of England b. 25 Nov 1253, d. 3 May 1257
Henry of England b. a 1256, d. c 1257

Generation V:
Edward Plantagenet I, Longshanks, 1239-1307
Eleanor of Castile, 1244-1290
Issue of Edward and Eleanor: Eleanor, John, Henry, Julian, Joan, Alfonso, Margaret, Berengaria, Mary, Alice, Isabella, Elizabeth, Edward, Beatrice and Blanche



Edward was a noted castle builder, including the northern Welsh Conway castle, Caernarvon castle, Beaumaris castle, and Harlech castle. He was also responsible for building bestrides to defend the English position in France.


Timeline
1272
Edward learns that he has succeeded to the throne on his way home from the Crusade
1274
Edward is crowned in Westminster Abbey
1282
Edward invades North Wales and defeats Llywelyn ap Gruffydd the last ruler of an independent Wales
1284
Independence of the Welsh is ended by the Statute of Rhuddlan
1290
Edward' s wife Eleanor dies at Harby in Nottinghamshire. Her body is brought back to London and a cross erected at each stop along the journey - Geddington, Hardingston, Waltham, and the most famous at Charing Cross.
1292
Edward chooses John Balliol to be the new King of Scotland
1295
Model Parliament is summoned
1295
John Balliol reneges on his allegiance to Edward and signs alliance with King Philip IV of France
1296
Edward invades Scotland, defeats the Scots at Dunbar and deposes Balliol. He then takes over the throne of Scotland and removes the Stone of Scone to Westminster.
1297
Scots rise against English rule and, led by William Wallace, defeat Edward at the Battle of Stirling Bridge
1298
Edward invades Scotland again and defeats William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk
1299
Edward marries Margaret of France
1301
Edward makes his son Prince of Wales, a title conferred on every first born son of the monarchy ever since.
1305
William Wallace is executed in London.
1306
Robert Bruce is crowned King of Scotland
1307
Edward attempts to invade Scotland again, but dies on his way north

Generation 6:
Edward Plantagenet II, King of England, 1284-1327
Isabella of France, 1292-1358
Issue of Edward and Isabella: Edward, John, Eleanor and Joan


Invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301. Reigned 1307-1327 deposed and murdered. His reign was troubled by extravagances, his militarist disasters in Scotland notably at Bannockburn (1314) and unpopularity of his favorite peers Gaveston (d. 1312) and Hugh le Despencer. He was deposed by his wife and her lover, Roger Mortimer, 1 E. March, on 21 Jan 1327, and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels.

Generation 7:
Edward Plantagenet III, King of England, 1312-1377
Phillipa of Hainault, 1311-1369
Issue of Edward and Phillipa: Edward, Isabel, Joan, Lionel. John, Edmund, Mary, Margaret, Thomas


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the King of England. For the play attributed to William Shakespeare, see Edward III (play).
Edward IIIKing of England; Lord of Ireland (more...)Reign25 January 1327 21 June 1377 (50 years)Coronation1 February 1327PredecessorEdward IIRegentRoger Mortimer, Earl of March
& Queen Isabella (de facto)
Council inc. Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (13271330; de jure)SuccessorRichard IIConsortPhilippa of HainaultIssueEdward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"
Isabella, Dame de Coucy
Lady Joan
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
Mary, Duchess of Brittany
Margaret Plantagenet, Countess of Pembroke
Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester
Detail
Titles and stylesThe King
The Earl of Chester
Duke of Aquitaine
Edward of WindsorRoyal houseHouse of PlantagenetFatherEdward IIMotherIsabella of FranceBorn13 November 1312
Windsor Castle, BerkshireDied21 June 1377 (aged 64)
Sheen Palace, RichmondBurialWestminster Abbey, London
Edward III (13 November 1312 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into the most efficient military power in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislature and governmentin particular the evolution of the English parliamentas well as the ravages of the Black Death. He remained on the throne for 50 years; no English monarch had reigned for as long since Henry III, and none would again until George III.
Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, he led a coup against his regent, Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. After defeating, but not subjugating, the Kingdom of Scotland, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1340, starting what would be known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crcy and Poitiers led up to the highly favourable Treaty of Brtigny. Edwards later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inertia and eventual bad health.
Edward III was a temperamental man, but also capable of great clemency. He was, in most ways, a conventional king, mainly interested in warfare. Highly revered in his own time and for centuries after, Edward was denounced as an irresponsible adventurer by later Whig historians. This view has turned, and modern historiography credits him with many achievements.

Generation 8:
Edward, Prince of Wales, The Black Prince, 1330-1376
Joan, countess of Kent, 1328-1385
Issue of Edward and Joan: Edward and Richard


Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 8 June 1376), popularly known as the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. Edward, an exceptional military leader and popular during his life, died one year before his father and so never ruled as king (becoming the first English Prince of Wales to suffer that fate). The throne passed instead to his son Richard, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.

Generation 9:
Richard Plantagenet II, King of England, 1367-1400
Ann de Bohemia, 1366-1394
Isabella de Valois, 1389-1409
Issue of Edward: None

Born: January 6, 1367
House of: Plantagenet
Ascended to the throne: June 22, 1377
Crowned: July 16, 1377 at Westminster
Married: (1) Anne of Bohemia, (2) Isabella, nine year old daughter of Charles V1 of France
Died: Febuary 14, 1400 at Pontefract Castle
Buried at: Langley reburied Westminster

King of England from 1377, effectively from 1389, son of Edward the Black Prince. He reigned in conflict with Parliament; they executed some of his associates in 1388, and he executed some of the opposing barons in 1397, whereupon he made himself absolute. Two years later, forced to abdicate in favour of Henry IV, he was jailed and probably assassinated.

In 1381 Richard was faced with the Peasants' Revolt, a result of the imposition of the Poll Tax in 1380. The leader of the Revolt, Wat Tyler, was stabbed and killed at Smithfield by the Lord Mayor of London, fearing for the safety of the king. Richard's apparent courage in facing the mobs gathered at Mile End and Smithfield also contributed to the failure of the uprising.

Richard was born in Bordeaux. He succeeded his grandfather Edward III when only ten, the government being in the hands of a council of regency. His fondness for favourites resulted in conflicts with Parliament, and in 1388 the baronial party, headed by the Duke of Gloucester, had many of his friends executed. Richard recovered control in 1389, and ruled moderately until 1397, when he had Gloucester murdered and his other leading opponents executed or banished, and assumed absolute power. In 1399 his cousin Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford (later Henry IV), returned from exile to lead a revolt; Richard II was deposed by Parliament and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle, where he died mysteriously.

Generation 8.1
John Plantagenet, Sir John Gaunt, 2nd Duke of Lancaster, 1340 1399 (John is another son of Edward III)
Blanche Plantagenet of Lancaster, 1345-1369
Issue of John and Blanche: Isabel, John, John, Phjllipa, Elizabeth, Henry and Edward


John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Aquitaine (6 March 1340 3 February 1399) was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He gained his name "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent (in today's Belgium), then called Gaunt in English. John exercised great influence over the English throne during the minority reign of his nephew, Richard II, and during the ensuing periods of political strife, but was not thought to have been among the opponents of the King.
John of Gaunt's legitimate male heirs, the Lancasters, included Kings Henry IV, Henry V, andHenry VI.
John's legitimate descendants also included his daughters Philippa of Lancaster, Queen consortof John I of Portugal and mother of King Edward of Portugal, known as "Duarte" in Portuguese. John was also the father of Elizabeth, Duchess of Exeter, the mother of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter through his first wife, Blanche; and by his second wife, Constance, John was the father of Katherine of Lancaster, Queen consort of Henry III of Castile, granddaughter of Peter of Castile and mother of John II of Castile.
John of Gaunt fathered five children outside marriage, one early in life by one of his mother's ladies-in-waiting, and four, surnamed "Beaufort," by Katherine Swynford, Gaunt's long-term mistress and eventual third wife. The four Beaufort children, three sons and a daughter, were legitimized by royal and papal decrees after John married Katherine in 1396. Descendants of the marriage to Katherine Swynford included their son Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and eventually Cardinal; their granddaughter Cecily Neville, mother to Kings Edward IV and Richard III; and their great-great-grandson Henry Tudor, who became King of England after the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 and established the House of Tudor.
When John of Gaunt died in 1399, his estates were declared forfeit to the crown, as King Richard II had exiled John's son and heir, Henry Bolingbroke, in 1398. Bolingbroke and Richard II were first cousins; their fathers were brothers. Bolingbroke returned from exile to reclaim his confiscated inheritance and deposed the unpopular Richard. Bolingbroke then reigned as King Henry IV of England (13991413), the first of the descendants of John of Gaunt to hold the throne of England.
John of Gaunt was buried alongside his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, in the nave of Old St. Paul's Cathedral in an alabaster tomb designed by Henry Yevele (similar to that of his son inCanterbury Cathedral).
Generation 9.1
Henry Plantagenet.IV, King of England, 1367-1412
Mary de Bohun, 1368-1394
Issue of Henry and Mary: Humphrey, John, Phillipa, Thomas, Blanche and Henry


Born: April 4, 1366 at Bolingbroke Castle
House of: Lancaster
Ascended to the throne: September 30, 1399
Crowned: October 13, 1399 at Westminster
Married: (1) Mary de Bohun, (2) Mary, Daughter of Charles 11 of Nararre
Children: Five sons and two daughters
Died: March 20, 1413 at Westminster Abbey
Buried at: Canterbury

King of England from 1399, the son of John of Gaunt. In 1398 he was banished by Richard II but returned in 1399 to head a revolt and be accepted as king by Parliament. He was succeeded by his son Henry V.

He had difficulty in keeping the support of Parliament and the clergy, and had to deal with baronial unrest and Owen Glendower's rising in Wales. In order to win support he had to conciliate the Church by a law for the burning of heretics, and to make many concessions to Parliament. The Percy family was defeated at Shrewsbury in 1403, and the Earl of Northumberland was beaten at Bramham Moor in 1408.
Mary de Bohun (c. 1369 4 June 1394), was the first wife of King Henry IV of England and the mother of King Henry V, but was never queen, as she died before her husband came to the throne.
Mary was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan FitzAlan (1347-1419), the daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Through her mother, Mary was descended from Llywelyn the Great.
Mary and her elder sister, Eleanor de Bohun, were the heiresses of their father's possessions. Eleanor became the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, first Duke of Gloucester, the youngest child of Edward III.
Generation 10:
Henry Plantagenet V, King of England, 1387-1422
Catherine of Valois, 1401-1437




Henry V, King of England 1
Henry V Plantagenet, King of England was born on 9 August 1387 at Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. He was the son of Henry IV, King of England and Lady Mary de Bohun. He married Catherine de France, daughter of Charles VI, Roi de France and Isabelle von Bayern, on 2 June 1420 at Troyes Cathedral, Troyes, Champagne, France. He died on 31 August 1422 at age 35 at Bois de Vincennes Castle, le-de-France, France, from dysentery. He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.
Henry V Plantagenet, King of England was also known as Henry of Monmouth.He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1399. He was created 1st Earl of Chester [ENGLAND] on 15 October 1399. He was created Prince of Wales on 15 October 1399. He was created 1st Duke of Cornwall[ENGLAND] on 15 October 1399. He was created 1st Duke of Lancaster [ENGLAND] on 10 November 1399. He was created Duke of Aquitaine [ENGLAND] on 10 November 1399. He succeeded to the title ofKing Henry V of England on 20 March 1413. He was crowned King of England on 9 April 1413 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae.
Henry settled the differences between the Court and nobility that had marred the previous reign but ruthlessly put down the Lollards. Civil war broke out in France and Henry was determined to make the most of this. He first reinforced his fleet, then on 11 August 1415 he sailed from Southampton for the mouth of the Seine. His objective was the throne of France. He marched through France with an army of about 5,000 including 4,000 long-bowmen. At 11.00am on Friday 25 October 1415, St Crispin's Day, he met a French army of 20,000 at Agincourt. The French lost nearly 10,000 to his 400. The long bow had again proved virtually unbeatable. A shadow was cast over this victory because the English killed all their prisoners. In May 1420 Charles VI of France recognised Henry as heir to the French throne and as Regent during Charles' lifetime. At home, Henry had the body of the murdered Richard II reburied at Westminster. Henry had a very strong sense of justice; he had no favourites and brooked no nepotism. He was strong willed and competent but could be cruel. Generally, his subjects loved him. His ambition was to lead Western Europe on a Holy Crusade. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Child of Henry V Plantagenet, King of England and Catherine de France
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England+ b. 6 Dec 1421, d. 21 May 1471
Generation 11:

Henry Plantagenet VI, King of England, 1421-1471
Margaret of Anjou, 1430-1482
Issue of Henry and Margaret: Edward

Henry Plantagenet VI, King of Eng. Margaret of Anjou
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England was born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was the son of Henry V Plantagenet, King of England and Catherinede France. He married Margaret d'Anjou, daughter of Ren I 'the Good', Duc d'Anjou and Isabel deLorraine, on 22 April 1445 at Titchfield Abbey, Titchfield, Hampshire, England. He died on 21 May 1471 at age 49 at Tower of London, The City, London, England, murdered. He was buried in 1485 at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was buried at Chertsey Abbey, Surrey, England.
Henry VI Plantagenet, King of England succeeded to the title of King Henry VI of England on 31 August 1422. He succeeded to the title of Roi Henry de France on 11 October 1422. He was crowned King of England on 6 November 1429 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae. He was crowned King of France on 17 December 1431 at Notre Dame de Clery, France. He was deposed as King of England on 4 March 1461. He gained the title of King Henry VI of England on 30 October 1470, known as 'the Readeption'. He was deposed as King of England on 11 April 1471.
He was less than a year old on accession. Within two months, on the death of Charles VI of France, he was also in name, King of France. In a long and costly series of wars, all French possessions were lost except Calais. The French artillery was supreme and Joan of Arc played a notable part in the French victories. The English burned her at the stake for heresy and sorcery in Rouen on 30 May 1431. The Hundred Years' war ended with the defeat of the English at Castillon in 1453. King Henry was a weak 'pawn' in the hands of a strong Queen and powerful Knights. He became insane in 1453 and Queen Margaret fought on his behalf. The Wars of the Roses began in 1455, the factions symbolized by badges depicting the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster. Henry was seized by Yorkists in 1460 and forced to acknowledge York as his heir. Lancastrians recaptured Henry in 1461 but Yorkists declared him deposed and Edward, Duke of York declared King. Henry again fell into Yorkist hands (1465), but was briefly (1470-1) restored to the throne by former Yorkist supporter Richard Neville, 15th Earl of Warwick, who governed in Henry's name. Edward again ousted him and Henry was thrown into captivity in the Tower and put to death on Tuesday 21st May 1471. Henry was completely unsuited for his position, especially after he lost his sanity. He founded Eton College in 1440 and King's College, Cambridge in 1441. Henry started his reign at the age of 9 months, the youngest of any English Monarch. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.


Generation 12:
Edward Plantagenet, Prince of Wales, 1453-1471
Lady Ann Neville, 1456-1485
Issue of Edward and Ann: No Isssue



EDWARD, Prince of Wales, born 13 October 1453, married August 1470, Lady Anne Nevill, 2nd daughter and co-heir of Richard, Earl of Warwick, and died without issue in the lifetime of his father, killed in battle at Tewkesbury, 4 May, 1471. His widow married 2ndly, circa 30 March, 1473, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, afterwards RICHARD III, and died without surviving issue 16 March, 1485. .......................................... EARLDOM OF CHESTER XVII. EDWARD, DUKE OF CORNWALL, only son and heir apparent of HENRY Vl, born at Westminster, 13 October 1453, was, by charter, dated at Westminster 15 March 1454, and confirmed the same day in Parliament, created PRINCE OF WALES and EARL OF CHESTER. He died s.p., 4 May 1471, when his Peerage dignities lapsed to the Crown. [CP 3:174] Son and heir apparent, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, 15 Mar. 1454, slain at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4 May 1471, and with him ended the direct line of the House of Lancaster; His widow married, second, at Westminster Abbey, 12 July 1472, RICHARD OF ENGLAND, Duke of Gloucester, afterwards Richard III of England, King of England.

Generation 8.2: A trip backwards in time
Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Duke of York and 1st Earl of Cambridge, 1341-1402 (Another son of King Edward III)
Isabel Perez, 1355-1392
Issue of Edmund and Isabel: Richard


Edmund of Langley (a Plantagenet) was the 1st Duke of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge, and a Knight of the Order of th the Garter. He was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Haunault. In fact he was the fourth of five sons who ssurvived to adulthood. He was the founder of the House of York--one of the two families that were responsible for the War of the Roses--the House of Lancaster being the opposition in the war for the thrown. It was Edmund's son, Richard, that brought the York house into this war. And it was through Edmund's brother (John of Gaunt) that the Langley's claimed their rights to the throne.
Not only were Edmund and John tied as brothers, but their lives were intertwined several ways through marriage, as well. Edmund Langley's first wife, Infanta Isabella of Castile (who was the daughter of King Peter of Castile and Maria de Padilla), was the sister of Gaunt's second wife, Infanta Constance of Castile. Edmond's second wife, Joan Holland, was the sister of Gaunt's daughter-in-law Margaret Holland, who was the wife of Gaunt's son John Beaufort. She was also apparently Edmund's cousin. The royal families tended to intermarry quite a bit!)
Edmund, the 1st Duke of York is a major character in Shakespear's play Richard II

Generation 9.2:
Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, 1376-1415
Ann Mortimer, 1390-1411
Issue of Richard and Ann: Richard and Isabel





Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 1375 5 August 1415) was the younger son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York and Isabella of Castile.
His paternal grandparents were Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. His maternal grandparents were Peter of Castile and Mara de Padilla.[1] He was born at Conisburgh Castle in Yorkshire, and was confirmed in the Earldom of Cambridge, which had been resigned by his brother, in 1414. In about 1406, he married his cousin, Anne Mortimer, also a descendant of Edward III (his great great granddaughter), through his son Lionel of Antwerp. A papal dispensation was dated for 28 May 1406, making it most likely that the marriage took place in May or June. It was through her that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses claimed the throne. Their marriage produced a daughter, Isabel Plantagenet, and a son, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. The latter eventually laid claim to the throne, beginning the Wars of the Roses.
It is believed that Anne died giving birth to Richard. Following Anne's death, Cambridge married Matilda Clifford.
He was discovered to be one of the fomentors of the Southampton Plot against King Henry V immediately prior to departure on the French campaign. (His elder brother, Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, would die at the Battle of Agincourt, less than three months later.) He was stripped of all his titles and estates and was executed on 5 August 1415 at Southampton Green, Hampshire, England; before the fleet set sail on 11 August 1415.

Generation 10.2
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, 1410-1460
Cicely Nevill, 1415-1495
Issue of Richard and Cicely: Ann, , Edward, Edmund, Elizabeth, Margaret, George, and Richard


Richard was the son of Prince Richard, Earl of Cambridge and Anne, sister of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, the heir to the throne of King Richard II (being the grandson of Princess Philippa of Clarence, daughter of Prince Lionel of Antwerp). His mother died in childbirth and his father was executed shortly before his fourth birthday. He pressed his claim to the English Crown during the reign of his cousin, King Henry VI, whose grandfather had seized the Crown back in 1399. York became regent during the King's periods of madness and was also recognised as heir to the Throne. Eventually, however, relations fell apart and the War of the Roses ensued. The Duke led the Yorkists into numerous battles against King Henry's Lancastrians until he was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460. His son, the Earl of March, snatched the Crown the following year and proclaimed himself King Edward IV.

Generation 11.2

Edward Plantagenet IV, King of England, 1442-1483
Elizabeth Woodville, 1437-1492
Issue of Edward and Elizabeth: Elizabeth, Mary, Cecily, Edward, Richard, Anne, George, Catherine and Bridget


Edward of Middleham, also known as Edward Plantagenet (c. 1473 9 April 1484) was the only son of King Richard III of England and his wife Anne Neville.
The exact year of Edward's birth is uncertain, but he is known to have been born at Middleham Castle, a former possession of his maternal grandfather, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, between April 1473 and December 1474. In 1478, following the execution of George, Duke of Clarence for treason the title Earl of Salisbury was granted to Edward until his death. The title then became extinct until restored to Clarence's family during the reign of King Henry VII.
Edward was also invested as Prince of Wales following his father's succession as king of England in 1483. The investiture ceremony took place at York Minster, and contemporary records suggest it was arranged in a hurry. It is thought possible that the boy had been unable to travel to London for his parents' coronation because of ill-health, but that his condition had improved by the time they reached the north of England.
Edward's date of death is as controversial as his birthdate, with some sources listing it as 31 March 1484 and others as 9 April 1484. Edward's sudden death left his father without an heir, leaving the way open for Henry Tudor to take the throne at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Edward is buried in the parish church at Sheriff Hutton, another of his family's estates.
Edward Plantagenet is the only Prince of Wales to have been buried in a parish church.

Generation 11.3 (Richard and Edward are brothers)

Richard Plantagenet III, King of England, 1452-1485
Lady Ann Nevill, 1456-1485
Issue of Richard and Ann: No Issue



Richard III of England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the English king. For other uses, see Richard III (disambiguation).
Richard IIIThe earliest surviving portrait of Richard (c. 1520, after a lost original), formerly belonging the Paston family (Society of Antiquaries, London).King of England (more...)Reign26 June 1483 22 August 1485 (2 years, 57 days)Coronation6 July 1483PredecessorEdward VSuccessorHenry VIIConsortAnne NevilleIssueEdward of Middleham, Prince of WalesHouseHouse of YorkFatherRichard Plantagenet, Duke of YorkMotherCecily Neville, Duchess of YorkBorn2 October 1452
Fotheringh ay Castle, NorthamptonshireDied22 August 1485 (aged 32)
Bosworth Field, LeicestershireBurialGreyfriars (Franciscan Friary), Leicester[1]
Richard III (2 October 1452 22 August 1485) was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 during the battle of Bosworth. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses and is sometimes regarded as the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the central character of a well-known play by William Shakespeare.
When his brother Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord protector of the realm for Edward's son and successor, the 12-year-old King Edward V. As the new king travelled to London from Ludlow, Richard met him and escorted him to London where he was lodged in the Tower. Edward V's brother Richard later joined him there.
A publicity campaign was mounted condemning Edward IV's marriage to the boys' mother, Elizabeth Woodville as invalid and making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. On 25 June an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed these claims. The following day Richard III officially began his reign. He was crowned in July. The two young princes disappeared in August and there were a number of accusations that the boys were murdered by Richard.
There were two major rebellions against Richard. The first, in 1483, was led by staunch opponents of Edward IV and most notably Richard's ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. The revolt collapsed and Buckingham was executed at Salisbury near the Bull's Head Inn. In 1485 there was another rebellion against Richard, headed by Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond (later King Henry VII) and his uncle Jasper. The rebels landed troops, composed mainly of mercenaries, and Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last English king to die in battle.

Generation 12.2

Elizabeth Plantagenet of York, 1466-1503 (Her father was Edward IV of England)
Henry Tudor VII, King of England, 1457-1509
Issue of Elizabeth and Henry: Arthur, Margaret, Henry, Elizabeth, Mary, Edmund and Katherine



King Henry VII Tudor
1457-1509 , England
(1)
Henry VII Tudor, King of England was born on 28 January 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales.3 He was the son of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond and Lady MargaretBeaufort.2 He married Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of Edward IV Plantagenet, King of England andElizabeth Wydevill, on 18 January 1486 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.3 He died on 21 April 1509 at age 52 at Richmond Palace, Richmond, London, England.4 He was buried on 11 May 1509 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4
Henry VII Tudor, King of England gained the title of Earl of Richmond on 28 January 1457.3 He was deposed as Earl of Richmond before 12 August 1462.3 He fought in the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485 at Bosworth, Leicestershire, England.5 He gained the title of King Henry VII of England He was proclaimed king on the field of the Battle of Bosworth. on 22 August 1485.6 He was crowned King of England on 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae.5'
After the defeat of the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury, 1 May 1471, he fled to Brittany with his uncle Jasper, and later, to France, where they made plans, with other Lancastrian exiles, for the invasion of England. His victory at Bosworth, and the death of Richard III there, enabled him to succeed in his claim to the throne, whereby he became King of England as Henry VII in 1485. He married Elizabeth the daughter of Edward IV in 1486 and they had eight children; notably Arthur who married the Spanish Princess Catherine of Aragon and who predeceased his father at the age of 16, Henry who later became Henry VIII, Margaret who married James IV of Scotland, and Mary. Henry VII had married solely for political reasons as Elizabeth was the heiress of the rival House of York. The merging of the houses of York and Lancaster ended the War of the Roses. However, after their marriage he fell deeply in love with her and was heartbroken on her death. During his reign Henry had few military concerns other than to put down a few minor pretenders to the throne and to suppress an uprising by the Cornish. He was a most able administrator and accumulated great wealth for the throne. He had a shrewd way of selecting the right man for the job and led the country from disorder into a position of great strength. He instituted the establishment of envoys in foreign countries and encouraged trade with the Continent. He also formed the Yeomen of the Guard at the Tower of London. In 1497, he backed the Italian John Cabot in a voyage from Bristol thar discovered Newfoundland and stirred England's interest in North America.7 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.8
The Plantagenet monarchical reign ends with Henry Tudors VII victory at battle at Bosworth.