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" AN OLD MAORI FRIEND "

I mentioneed before in one of the comments about him and his family dropping in . To continue I met this friend before he got married . Me and my brother were out fishing at ninety mile beach outside of Kaitaia . up north on the way back in when the out board packed up . Being a clever pair of brothers . we looked at each other . then tried to get that ~##*!1 motor to go while we gradually drifting back out to sea . After about 2 hours of trying . we gave up and said ok lets start rowing . My brother says after a few minutes . where did you put the oars . Typical towny ( I said what oars !!! ) I won't print what he called his loving younger brother Which went on for over 15 min ' without repeating it self . I then said the wrong thing to him - ( I sometimes seem to get out of tune sometimes . before I come right ) He got so angry ( my BIG BIG brother ) I thought he was going to carve me up with the fish knive . I said to him ." Calm down Bro ! ." when in his towering rage . he said .
" when we are well out to sea I am going to drown you before I go !!!!!" at that precise second I thought - their is no such thing as " look after the younger children " - Brotherly Love " and all that . _ and the othe thing I thought of . I was a gonner and ill be a drowned before the big fish got me " suddenly I realised . some damn big white shark could be having me for a snack shortly .
" He-e--e- lp I was in real trouble , and all because my smarty brother had forgotten the - what did he call ??? I think he said - OARS !!
Just as I was preparing to die at sea . with a boatful of big snapper for the freezer -plus - A big brother who was going to drown me !! . I suddenly thought -- Perhaps he does .He just doesn't want some BIG !! BIG !! fish eating me. Yeah = that will be it-- what a brother !! do anything for his younger brother to save him an ugly death. BOY oh Boy -- I certainly judged him wrong > The next thing out of the evening dusk . we could hear A - PUT- PUT-PUT-PUT noise coming towards us . It was my old friend and his mate in his dingy with his Little two sroke out board pulls up along side . annd says ." Hey Bro's . could just see from the shore - You seem to be going in the wrong direction. You know the rules out here Jack ( to my brother ) In before dark . Do yu need a toe or something ??? and they towed us into shore . When we got in he looks at - My Loving Big Brother- and says- " you got a great haul of scnapper their Jaco !! we only got a few cray'S. Do mine if we help our selfs . Sort like payment due - the maori way " He was no slouch this Maori fella .
He counted out half - and put them in his beaten up old pick -up with his boat tied on the roof and went on his way . I can still see that mental picture of him today Battered old pickup , rough old clothes . Pants half way down his B-- ! . tie up with abit of twine or something . Dam big fat arm hanging half out the drivers window . rolling a smoke . His last words were - i'll bring in the old radio for a tune up Jaco - no charge of course a bro !! and of he went . Suddenly my big wonderful older Brother grabbed me by the scruff of the neck - marched me to his battered old pick up - grabbed my arm and pushed my head down , I thought a bit to rough . and in an " ice cold voice !!! said- OARS ! OARS! OARS! If I ever take you fishing again and you forget them - I'll ---" I won't repeat it..
No need for that sort of language to a younger brother . and he added In his would be wild mental state " You not only lost half of the fish . you cost me some business as well . I now have to fix his _ Bl~#**!` dy Radio for free . I think I'll stop here. Thats how I met my old maori fiend of many years.

I hope this story may bring a bit of humour and assist things to heal quickly - need I say more . for my part _ I apologise to all

Till we meet again Regards - edmondsallan

" ANTONIO PEREZ " - Spain - 1534

he certainly was well into the dirty political work in spain


Prez, Antonio

Prez, Antonio (nt'nyō pā'reth) [key], b. 1534 or 1539, d. 1611, Spanish politician. Ambitious and unscrupulous, he became secretary to King Philip II and was, with the princesa de boli, a center of court intrigues. In 1578, Juan de Escobedo, secretary to Don John of Austria, then governor of the Netherlands, was assassinated, and the following year Prez was arrested for the murder. What actually happened is a matter of historical speculation, but the most probable train of events is that Perez instigated the murder after Escobedo threatened to reveal Prez's political intrigues (possibly the fact that he was negotiating with the Dutch rebels) to the king. The suspicious Philip was probably told by Prez that Escobedo was plotting treason, and the king almost certainly approved the murder. Prez was prosecuted on various charges until in 1590 he fled to Zaragoza, where he placed himself in the hands of the top authority of his native Aragn, the justiciero. He then openly accused Philip of having ordered Escobedo's murder. The king contested the right of the justiciero to protect him and ordered the Inquisition to claim jurisdiction, accusing Prez of heresy. The case became a struggle between Philip and the people of Aragn, who, jealous of their privileges, sided with Prez and revolted; the rising was ruthlessly suppressed (1591). Prez fled (1591) to France and later England.
source: Antonio Prez Infoplease.com

Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 2 months ago

" ARNOLD " FROM - BC- PART ( 4 ) SECTION ( AAA )

edmondsallan - Good morning - Today I hope to guide us through
" ARNOLD " ancestry - Finish off section ( 4 ) do part ( 3 ) and hopefully start on part ( 2 ) We need to be careful right at the start of this journal as two names are nearly identical- but not At the time of the research it did catch me out - simply because I was going to fast and not being through enough .and I had to back track and lost two weeks . WE will use the final/ last code number - We finished the last ancestral " Flow Chart " with

AENEAS YSGWWYDWYN son of ANCHISES ( PRINCE OF TROY ) --478134

This start- ASCANIUS ap ( son of ) AENEAS YSGWYDWDN AANEAS - 478135

We now are going to place a mental scene before you , so you can sort of get a feel - sensitivity of the time frame . As we step into this " Italian " scene , amid the huge marble building we have three ( 3 )drinking and feasting in lavish style . I will Identify them for you --- The older male is " King Latinus " ( king of all the tribes in Italy in his day ) A long side of him on his right shoulder is his rather beautiful daughter " IGNOGE "who not very long ago married
" Brutus " ( already mentioned in the Flow chart ) Lets take a look at this minature hercules - He was about 5' 4 " ( not very tall ) He had muscles all over him ( like Mr Universe ) was an outstanding warrior with any weapon and a great leader of men and he also came from a high ranking family ) *** Note >> " Brutus was eventually adopted by Julius Cesar - Roman Emporer - as his son < < ** )
" Brutus also eventually became " King of Britian " after he landed there in 1103 BC- He died in 1091 BC .
" Brutus & Ignoge " had three children -
Locrin ( who inherited Central Britian )
Camber ( who inherited Wales )
Albanactus ( who inherited Scotland )
The Romans arrived with over whelming forces in Britian in 43 AD under the command of " Claudius ) ### > Note -- All these -( -b- dates ) are estimated . The exact dates could not be proven 100 %. However they are within ( 5 % ) of correct dates which nearly all are . These dates have been given an average and acceptable dates by
Fellow Historian Genealogists , because of ( 4 or 5 ) records could not be found which had both --the name & date of birth - all had the names & fathers .
CAMBER - ap- < > ( SON of ) -BRUTUS
GORBONIUM ap CAMBER -b - 0102 AD - Wales
DYFNWAL ap GORBONIUM -b - 0132 AD - Wales
CYNGEN ap DYFNWAL -b - 0154 AD - Wales
( keep in mind the above name ( ^ )
ASER ap CYNGEN -b - 0179 AD - Wales
BLEIDDYD ap ASER -b - 0209 AD - Wales
HENWYN ap BLEIDDYD -b - 0231 AD - Wales
CYNYDD CYNETHA ap HENWYN -b - 0256 AD - Wales
RHIWALLON ap CYNYDD -b - 0286 AD - Wales

This is the end of Part ( 4 ) of all parts . I have deliberitately
not entered several pages of information ( explaining The areas . people , buildings & occupations . To keep this Flow chart under Control
Beginning of Part ( 3 )** >>> The next four names were born in England .For some reason they have part Welch / Roman names . I tried to find out why . Their isn't a positive answer. << ** )

Part ( 3 ) " Shortened version "
GRWST ap RHIWALLON -b - 0308 AD -Wiltshire-England
SERRIOL ap GRWST -b - 0333 AD -Monmouthshire- Eng
ANTONIUS ap SERRIOL -b - 0363 AD - " " "
HAEDD MAWR ap ANTONIUS -b - 0363 AD - " " "

They then moved again and travelled to " Abersychan, near the ' Black Mountains of Gwent 'Wales . All though not proven , the history of them around then , they seem to be invovled in a lot of fighting . They may have been going into Hiding . I cannot prove this notation .

DENFARCH ap HAEDD - MAWR -b - 0413 AD - Wales
DODION ap DENFARCH -b - 0443 AD - Wales
DYFNWAL MOLELMUD ap DODION -b - 0468 AD - Waies
BELI ap DYFNWAL - MOLEMUD-b - 0498 AD - Wales
GWGAN-FARFLDRWCH ap BELI -b - 0528 AD - Wales
CYHELYN ap GWGAN FARFLDRWCH -b - 0558 AD - Wales
SEYSYLLT ap CYHELYN -b - 0590 AD - Wales
DAN ap SEYSYLLT -b - 0618 AD - Wales
MORYDD ap DAN -b - 0648 AD - Wales
ELIDER WAR ap MORYDD -b - 0678 AD - Wales

THIS IS THE END OF PART ( 3 ) " Shortened version ) note= on their actual history left out of this journal but not in our personal ancestral book on The " Arnolds "

Time for a break - I will be back soon . Till we meet again - Regards edmondsallan

" ARNOLD 'S " Burial Records , Waitakere city - NZ

I have compiled this list from the online records at Waikumete cemetery , Waitakere city NZ on the
" ARNOLDS " to assist any one who may be researching for information on their " Arnold Ancestors " From
- 1893 --to-- 2008 in NZ
M/F Surname Forenames Age Year Of Death

Male ARNOLD ALBERT 52 1929
Male ARNOLD ALBERT 1981
Male ARNOLD ALFRED GEORGE 80 1971
Male ARNOLD ALFRED JASPER 65 1910
Male ARNOLD ALFRED N. 0 1891
Female ARNOLD ANNIE FLORENCE 64 1942
Male ARNOLD BARRY ERNEST 68 2007
Female ARNOLD BEATRICE EMMELINE 75 1969
Male ARNOLD BERNARD PHILIP 65 1977
Male ARNOLD BRUCE RIDDETT 61 2010
Female ARNOLD CAROL MARGARET 45 1985
Male ARNOLD CHARLES DOUGLAS WILLOUGHBY 83 1959
Male ARNOLD CHARLES LE NEVE 99 1955
Female ARNOLD CHARLOTTE PHILADELPHIA

Male ARNOLD David 2006
Male ARNOLD DAVID ARCHER 52 1958
Male ARNOLD DAVID GEORGE 80 2009
Female ARNOLD DOROTHY NINA 77 1972
Male ARNOLD DOUGLAS NICHOLAS 54 1969
Female ARNOLD EDITH 77 1985
Female ARNOLD EDNA MARGARET (KEMP) 78 2007
Male ARNOLD ERIC 80 1997
Male ARNOLD ERNEST 47 1943
Male ARNOLD ERNEST HARRY 72 1980
Male ARNOLD ERNEST WALTER 22 1937
Female ARNOLD EVANGELINE EMILY 79 1966
Male ARNOLD EVERARD WALTER 63 1987
Female ARNOLD FLORA


M/F Surname Forenames Age Year Of Death
Male ARNOLD FRANK 1988
Male ARNOLD FREDERICK ARNOLD 68 1966
Male ARNOLD GEORGE 83 1950
Male ARNOLD GEORGE JOSEPH 87 1975
Female ARNOLD GLADYS GWAVAS 88 2006
Female ARNOLD GLADYS VERA 0 1893
Male ARNOLD HAROLD 76 1962
Male ARNOLD HAROLD HORACE 84 1984
Male ARNOLD HAROLD THOMAS 67 1981
Female ARNOLD HEATHER ELIZABETH 0 1916
Male ARNOLD HORACE WALPOLE 65 1948
Female ARNOLD IVY IRENE HANNAH 79 1975
Male ARNOLD JAMES 87 1944
Male ARNOLD JAMES WILLIAM

Male ARNOLD JOHN DAVID 44 1994
Female ARNOLD KATHERINE 55 1933
Female ARNOLD KATHLEEN EDITH ELEANOR AGNES 81 2005
Male ARNOLD KEVIN MICHAEL 18 1972
Male ARNOLD KEVON ROSS 59 2008
Male ARNOLD LEO CLEMENTS 76 1999
Male ARNOLD LEONARD ALFRED 50 1973
Female ARNOLD LEONIE ANNE 60 2005
Male ARNOLD LESLIE HENRY 72 1992
Male ARNOLD LEWIS HAINES 68 1983
Female ARNOLD LILIAN MARGARET 54 1995
Female ARNOLD LUCIE RAIHA 61 1977
Female ARNOLD MARGARET 85 1990
Female ARNOLD MARGARET ANN 63 1999


M/F Surname Forenames Age Year Of Death
Male ARNOLD MARK DORION 39 2008
Female ARNOLD MINNIE 72 1952
Female ARNOLD OLIVE MAY 95 1993
Female ARNOLD PAMELA 82 2008
Female ARNOLD PAMELA OLIVE 82 2008
Female ARNOLD PATRICIA MARY 48 1984
Female ARNOLD PAULA 88 2008
Male ARNOLD PERCY FRANKHAM 81 1948
Male ARNOLD RALPH 0 1905
Male ARNOLD RAPLH JOSLING 45 1932
Male ARNOLD REGINALD 55 1955
Female ARNOLD RENEE MARGARET 2003
Male ARNOLD ROY LINDSAY 47 1963
Female ARNOLD SARAH ANN 71 1933

Female ARNOLD SHIRLEY ROSEMARY 69 1993
Male ARNOLD STANLEY 65 1971
Male ARNOLD THOMAS NAYSMITH 57 1939
Male ARNOLD THOMAS NEIL 57 1978
Female ARNOLD VIDA COCHRANE 44 1939
Male ARNOLD WALTER 78 1953
Male ARNOLD WALTER JOHN 70 1937
Male ARNOLD WALTER MATTHEW 0 1915
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ARCHIBALD 64 1968
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ARCHIBALD 79 1929
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ROY 78 1970
Female ARNOLD WINIFRED BEATRICE 91 1987
Male ARNOLDSON LOUIS 63 1933
Male ARNOLDT GERALD 0 1900

Female ARNOLD SHIRLEY ROSEMARY 69 1993
Male ARNOLD STANLEY 65 1971
Male ARNOLD THOMAS NAYSMITH 57 1939
Male ARNOLD THOMAS NEIL 57 1978
Female ARNOLD VIDA COCHRANE 44 1939
Male ARNOLD WALTER 78 1953
Male ARNOLD WALTER JOHN 70 1937
Male ARNOLD WALTER MATTHEW 0 1915
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ARCHIBALD 64 1968
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ARCHIBALD 79 1929
Male ARNOLD WILLIAM ROY 78 1970
Female ARNOLD WINIFRED BEATRICE 91 1987
Male ARNOLDSON LOUIS 63 1933
Male ARNOLDT GERALD 0 1900

Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

" BENJAMIN SHAPIRO " BORN -1880's - RUSSIA

Good morning to all members. This journal is about the " Shapiro " ancestry . This may assist - Bud1944 - and other members in their fanmily ancestry search .

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 04 AUG 1893 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Jacob Schapiro
Mother: Becky Wellinsky
Wife Lora Kleiff
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 04 AUG 1893 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Isaac Kleiff
Mother: Sarah Rubenstein
Children None
--------------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 17 FEB 1901 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: C. N. Shapiro
Mother:
Wife Mamie Feinberg
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 17 FEB 1901 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: M. Feinberg
Mother: Mary Feldman
Children None
--------------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Christening:
Marriage: 01 JUL 1902 Manhattan, New York, NewYork
Father: Ber Leib Shapiro
Mother: Rachel Lah
Wife Beckie Gotlib
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 01 JUL 1902 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Aron Gotlieb
Mother: Shorne
Children None
----------------

Benjamin L. Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 27 MAR 1904 Mahattan, , , New York
Father: Julius Shapiro
Mother: Ester Kirdansky
Wife Lillian Cooper
Birth: ( ? )
Marriage: 27 MAR 1904 Mahattan, , , New York
Father: Jacob Simon Cooper
Mother: Beile Leah Rusanofsky
Children None
-----------------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: Vilna, Lithuania, Ussr
Christening:
Marriage: 28 JUN 1904 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Moses Shapiro Family
Mother: Rebecca Shapiro
Wife-Isabel Ratkowsky
Birth: , , New York
Marriage: 28 JUN 1904 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Gustav Ratkowsky
Mother: Sarah Jacobs
Children None
----------------------

Bennie Shapiro
Birth: Rufaia
Marriage: 03 SEP 1905 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Hirsh Shapiro
Mother: Mathie Lelowitz
Wife - Rika Raplan
Birth: , , New York
Marriage: 03 SEP 1905 Manhattan, New York, New York
Death:
Father: David Raplan
Mother: Rachel Stern
Children None
---------------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 05 FEB 1906 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Gidola Shapiro
Mother:
Wife - Bessie Himowitch
Birth: , Russia,
Marriage: 05 FEB 1906 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Seny Wallock
Mother: Annie Ginsburg
Children None
---------------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , , Austria
Marriage: 11 FEB 1906 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Seinvel Shapior
Mother: Shifre Peltz
Wife - Annie Peltz
Marriage: 11 FEB 1906 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Nathan Peltz
Mother: Gittel Recht
Children None
------------------

Benny Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 01 SEP 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Solomen Shapiro
Mother: Fannie Vitkin
Wife - Minnie Kemelhor
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 01 SEP 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Abraham Kemelhor
Mother: Gussie Solik
Children None
-------------------

Benjamin Charles Shapiro
Birth: , , New York
Marriage: 05 MAR 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Samuel Shapiro
Mother: Celia Jalkut
Wife - Esther Crohn
Birth: Rockdale, Milam, Texas
Marriage: 05 MAR 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Theodore
Mother: Leah Baum
Children None
-------------------

Beny Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 29 JAN 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Morris
Mother: Minie Sperance
Wife - Mamie Stern
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 29 JAN 1907 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Older
Mother: Rosie Shotblander
Children None
----------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 06 OCT 1908 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Israel Shapiro
Mother: Gitel Halpern
Wife - Jennie Sacks
Birth: , Russia, Ussr ( ?? )
Marriage: 06 OCT 1908 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Arya Sacks
Mother: Leah Goldberg
Children None
---------------

Benjamin Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 25 JUN 1909 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Gedalje Shapiro
Mother: Chaje Green
Wife - Maita Smith Catlus Katlus
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 25 JUN 1909 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Pesach Smith
Mother: Dwore Sandorowitz
Children None
---------------------

Bene Shapiro
Birth: , Russia, Ussr
Marriage: 24 MAR 1909 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Elias ( ? )
Mother: Rose Strof
Wife - Tillie Imergluck
Birth: , , Austria
Marriage: 24 MAR 1909 Manhattan, New York, New York
Father: Samuel ( ? )
Mother: Rosa Kempler
Children None


I hope to be webhoping into Europe again sometime next week . If I see
any journal with a query of an ancester in europe I could try to assist while I'm their . will need full name - & if possible d.o.b. etc Till we meet again -Regards -edmondsallan

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 6 months ago

" BLACK LIST " A part of the Ancestral history of Canada

scource:This information was originally published by:
ONTARIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY
Papers and Records
Volume 7, Published in Toronto in 1906
NOTE: The surnames are grouped alphabetically, but are NOT sorted.
BLACK LIST* A list of those Tories who took part with Great Britain In the Revolutionary War and were attainted of -:HIGH TREASON:- Commonly called the -:BLACK LIST:-
-The situation of those who, previous to the 11th February, 1777, adhered to the King of Great Britain.

2-The situation of those who, after that time, took the oath of allegiance,
or joined the British, and have been attainted of high treason.

3-Of those who, after the 11th February, 1777, took the oath of allegiance
to, or joined the British armies, and were NOT attainted of treason.

1.--With respect to those who, previous to Feb. 11th, 1777, made their
election, and adhered to the British, I conceive there can be no doubt,
they became British subjects, and could not afterwards become citizens of
Pennsylvania, but by complying with the forms, etc., prescribed it the Acts
for the naturalization of foreigners. This priciple seems to be settled
by the case of the Commonwealth against Chapman, determined in the Supreme
Court of Pennsylvania, in April, 1781.

2.--With regard to those who, after February, 1777, joined the British, and
were attainted of treason, where the attainder has not been reversed or a
pardon procured, they cannot be considered as restored to the rights of
citizenship. The treaty of peace did not operate as a reversal of the
attainder nor as a pardon, but only protects the persons from further
prosecution or punishment.

3.--As to the third class, who, after the 11th. February, 1777, took the
oath of allegiance to the King of Great Britain, or joined the British
armies, and were not attainted, they cannot be considered as expatriated;
though such acts might be deemed overt acts of treason, they must still be
considered as citizens, and entitled to the rights of citizenship. Till
attainder, their rights were not forfeited. The test laws have now no
operation on the question, unless to show the sense of the Legislature
in support of the above principle. By the eleventh section of the Act
of 5th December, 1778, it is enacted that those who had taken the oath
or affirmation of allegiance to the State, and afterwards to the King
of Great Britain, should be incapable of election, etc., until they
should take the oath therein prescribed by the Act of 13th March, 1789,
all the test laws were repealed, and the oath of allegiance, etc.,
rendered unnecessary. So that those who took an oath of allegiance
to the King of Great Britain, joined his banner, or committed any
other treasonable act, are not disfranchised unless attainted.

J. B. McKEAN.


AN ALPHABETICAL LIST Of All Persons Attainted of HIGH TREAS0N, IN PURSUANCE OF THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Allen, John, died before the day limited for the surrender.
Allen, Andrew.
Allen, William, Junr.
Austin, William.
Armstrong, Francis.
Armstrong, William.
Airey, John.
Allen, James, surrendered and died.
Allen, Isaac.
Adams, John.
Arthur, Peter.
Apfden, Matthias.
Arnold, Benedict
Anderson, Stephen.
Adams, Jonathan.
Ashbridge, Aaron, discharged by Sup. Court.
Andrews, William.
Adams, Susanna.
Anderson, William.

Biddle, John.
Bartram, Alexander.
Biles, Samuel.
Bulla, Thomas.
Braken, James.
Brooks, Boyer, surrendered and discharged.
Badge, Thomas.
Bulla, John.
Bray, John.
Bramhall, Thomas.
Brown, John, surrendered and discharged
Buckingham, John
Bolton, Joseph, tried and acquitted.
Barton, Thomas do.
Bean, Jesse do.
Butcher, John.
Buffington, Jacob.
Bullock, Isaac.
Burnet, John, surrendered and discharged.
Bell, Samuel, do.
Burk, Isaac.
Burns, Thomas.
Bell, William.
Brown, James.
Burr, Hudson.
Burd, John.
Burkett, John.
Burk, John.
Burge, David.
Barrow, Samuel.
Bryan, Joel, surrendered.
Burns, George.
Balderstone, Mordecai.
Bartlett, John.
Booth, Benjamin.
Bond, Phineas.
Brown, William.
Burrows, Samuel.
Boatman, George.
Brown, Benjamin, carpenter, surrendered and discharged.
Briggs, George, do.
Brown, George.
Boyer, Jacob.
Bare, Abraham.
Buffington, Joshua, tried and acquitted.
Buffington, Richard.
Blackford, Martin.

Carlisle, Abraham.
Clifton, Alfred.
Clifton, William, surrendered and discharged.
Compton, Wirnam, do.
Corry, Robert, do.
Christy, William
Carver, Nathan
Cunrad, Robert.
Coxe, Daniel.
Chalmers, James.
Couper, Robert.
Chevalier, John, surrendered and discharged.
Club, James.
Cunningham, John, surrendered and discharged.
Curry, Ross.
Craig, James, surrendered and discharged.
Connor, Michael.
Coley, Robert, Junr.
Cable, John, surrendered and discharged.
Canby, Joseph.
Canby, Thomas.
Campbell, Arthur.
Chapman, Samuel, tried and acquitted.
Chapman, Amos.
Chapman, Abraham.
Chapman, David.
Clark, Abraham, surrendered and discharged.
Chapter, Jacob.
Caldwell, William.
Clark, William.
Crickley, Michael.
Curlain, William.
Croghan, George, surrendered and discharged.
Colston, John.
Comely, Joseph.
Campbel, John.
Campbel, William.
Campbel, Peter.
Clark, John.
Crochson, Dennis.
Corker, William.
Corbet, Alexander.

Deshong, Peter, tried and acquitted.
Dawson, David.
Deleplain, James, surrendered and discharged.
De Normandie, William
Davis, William, tried and acquitted.
Davis, George.
Duche, Jacob, Junr.
Dunn, William.
Dunn, Malin.
Davis, James,
Davis, Benjamin.
Dove, Robert, surrendered and discharged.
Doan, Joseph.
Dennis, Henry.
Dennis, John.
Doble, Joseph.
De Normandie, Andrew.
Dunn, George, surrendered and discharged.
Dennis, John.
De Long, James.
Dolston, Isaac.
Dolston, Matthew.
Dolston, Isaac, Junr.
Dunn, George.

Evans, Able.
Eve, Oswald.
Evans, Israel.
Evans, William.
Evans, Joel.
Easton, Dennis.
Elwood, John, tried, convicted and pardoned.
Edwards, Joseph, surrendered and discharged.
Effinger, Henry, Junr.
Elliot, Matthew
Evans, William.
Evans, John.
Elliott, Andrew.
Ensor, George.
Eddy, Charles.
Eddy, Thomas.
Erwin, Edward.

Fouts, Christian.
Ferguson, Hugh Henry.
Fisher, Coleman.
Fisher, James, surrendered and discharged.
Fegan, Lawrence.
Fell, William.
Featherly, Thomas.
Falkenstone, Abraham.
Fursuer, Andrew.
Fields, George.
Fields, Daniel.
Fields, Gilbert.
Furner, Morris.
Furner, Edward.
Falkenstine, Jacob.
Fleming, Law.
Fox, John.
Fairlamb, Samuel.
Fincher, Benjamin.
Fox, Joseph.

Galloway, Joseph.
Garrigues, Samuel, the elder, tried and acquitted.
Gregson, James, do.
Gregory, David.
Gelmore, James.
Gofling, John, surrendered and discharged.
Griffiths, Evan.
Green, Isaac, Junr.
Gibbs, Benjamin, surrendered and discharged.
Gorman, Enoch, do.
Girty, Simon.
Green, Thomas.
Gibson, Edward.
Good, George.
Gill, Joseph.
Grissel, Edward, surrendered and discharged.
Gordon, Henry.
Gorman, James, surrendered and discharged.
Greswold, Joseph.
Gordon, Thomas.
Givin, Hugh.

Hicks, Gilbert.
Hook, Christian.
Hanlon, Edward.
Hovendon, Richard.
Holden, John, tried and acquitted
Holder, Jacob.
Holder, George.
Holtzinger, Ingelholt.
Humphreys, James, Senr., surrendered and discharged.
Hart, John, do.
Hart, Chamless, do.
Howard, Peter, do.
Hathe, Andrew, tried and acquitted.
Huntsman, John.
Hurst, Timothy.
Hales, John.
Henderson, John.
Hill, John, surrendered and discharged.
Howell, John.
Hendrickson, Jeremiah.
Harvey, John.
Hill, Henry.
Haines, Caleb.
Hart, Samuel.
Harnet, James, tried and acquitted.
Henry, William.
Hardy, Peter.
Hughes, Uriah, Surrendered and discharged.
Hutchinson, Isaac.
Hutchinson, Thomas.
Hutchinson, Marmaduke.
Hare, Jacob.
Hare, Michael.
Hill, Patrick.
Hutchinson, John.
Harvey, Samuel
Housecker, Nicholas.
Hughes, Thomas.
Humphries, James, Junr.

Iredale, Robert, Junr.
Iredale, Thomas.
Irwin, Dunning.
Iredale, Abraham.
Irwin, Alexander.
Inglis, James.
Ink, John.
Irwin, Francis.

James, Jacob.
James, Abel, surrendered and discharged.
Johnston, John.
Jefferies, Samuel, surrendered and discharged.
Jounkin, Henry.
James, Benjamin.
Jones, David, surrendered.
Jones, Edward.
Jones, Jonathan.
Jones, Jesse.
Jones, Daniel.
Jones, Holton.
Jones, Hugh.
James, Daniel.
Jackson, John.

Keen, Reynold, pardoned by Act of Assembly.
Kucker, Ludwick, surrendered and discharged.
Knight, Joshua.
Knight, John.
Knight, Isaac, surrendered and discharged.
Koster, John.
Koster, Samuel.
Knight, Nicholas.
Kennett, Levy.
Kennedy, William.
Kissack, Robert.
Kilby, Lawrence.
Kennard, Joseph.
King, Joseph.
Kesselmun, Frederick, surrendered and discharged.
Knapper, George.
Kearsly, John.
Kennard, Joseph.

Leveisly, Thomas, surrendered and discharged.
Love, William.
Lisle, Henry, surrendered and discharged.
Lifle John, do.
Lisle, Robert, surrendered and discharged.
Lewis, Curtis.
Loosley, Robert.
Linden, Hugh.
Lindy, Uriah.
Long, Abraham.
Lawson, James.
Loughborough, John.
Musgrove, John.
Little, James.
Land, Robert.
Land, John.
Lightfoot, Thomas, surrendered and discharged.
Lindsey, Samuel.

Miller, Peter, tried and acquitted.
Marchenton, Phillip.
Moland, William, surrendered.
McCollough, Kenneth.
McHugh, Matthew, surrendered and discharged.
Meng, Melchoir, surrendered and discharged.
Meng, Jacob, tried and acquitted.
McMutrie, William, surrendered and discharged.
Morris, William.
Millson, John.
Madock, William.
Malin, James, surrendered and acquitted.
Miller, Benjamin, do.
McClarin, James.
Maris, David.
Morgan, Moses.
Marr, Lawrence.
McMichael, Edward.
McCart, John.
McKee, Alexander.
Marshall, William, surrendered and discharged.
Myaer, Jacob, surrendered and discharged.
Moran, Charles.
Michenor, Isaac.
McMullan, James.
Martin, Thomas.
Moulder, John.
Malin, Joseph, surrendered and discharged.
Malin, Elisha, pardoned.
Morris, Enoch.
Masee, Henry, surrendered and discharged by the name of Henry Maag.
McNeal, Dominick.
Mackinett, John.
Mackness, Thomas.
Meredith, John.
McDonald Alexander.
McHensie, Kenneth.
McPherson, William.

Nixon, Robert.

Oswalt, Henry.
O'Kain, Hugh.
O'Kain, Darby
Overholt, John.

Potts, John.
Pugh, James.
Pugh, Hugh.
Price, William.
Parrock, John.
Potts, David, surrendered and discharged.
Pastorious, Abraham.
Parker, John.
Pyle, Caleb, surrendered and discharged.
Pike, John, do.
Palmer, John, do.
Price, Peter.
Poor, John; tried and acquitted.
Park, Abijah.
Proctor, Joshua.
Palmer, Richard, Surrendered and discharged.
Perlie, Peter.
Patterson, John, surrendered and discharged.
Piles, William.
Proctor, Joshua

Rankin, James.
Roberta, John.
Rankin, John.
Roberts, Owen.
Reine, George.
Reine, John.
Ross, Malcolm.
Roker, Thomas.
Riddle, James, surrendered and discharged.
Robeson, Peter, do.
Romigh, Jacob.
Rodgers, John.
Rickey, Alexander.
Register, Daniel, surrendered and discharged.
Rymel, John.
Ross, William.
Russel, Matthew.
Rhoden, William.
Roberts, Nathan.
Robeson, John.
Robeson, Jonathan, Junr.
Roberts, John (Laborer).
Roberts, John (Smith).
Richardson, Jacob, surrendered and discharged.
Rundle, Daniel, surrendered and discharged.
Reid, John.
Ross, Alexander.
Rankin, William.

Story, Enoch.
Stephenson, James.
Smith, John.
Skyles, Henry.
Swanwick, John.
Sutton, Joseph.
Sanderson, Francis, surrendered and discharged.
Sproat, David.
Story, Thomas, surrendered and discharged.
Stephens, James, tried and acquitted.
Stedman, Charles, Junr.
Shepherd, John.
Sutter, Peter, surrendered and discharged.
Saur, Christopher, Junr.
Saur, Christopher, Senr.
Shoemaker, Joseph, surrendered and discharged.
Supplee, Enoch.
Spangler, George.
Saur, Peter.
Styer, Stephen, surrendered and discharged.
Skelton, William.
Stackhouse, John.
Stackhouse, John.
Swift, Joseph.
Stroud, William, surrendered and discharged.
Supplee, John, do. ignoramus bill.
Smith, William, do.
Spering, John.
Stackhouse, John.
Stackhouse, Robert.
Snyder, Peter.
Smith, Alexander.
Smith, William Drewett
Stedman, Alexander.
Silkod, Thomas.
Shaw, Jonathan.
Styger, Stephen, surrendered and discharged.
Stiles, Edward, do.
Swanwick, Richard.
Skyles, Henry.
Smither, James.
Stansbury, Joseph, surrendered and discharged.
Smith, Andrew, surrendered and discharged.
Stillwell, John.
Staulks, Henry.
Strininger, Henry.
Sinclair, George.
Simpson, William.
Shoemaker, Samuel.

Thomas, Arthur.
Thomas, Joseph.
Thomas, William
Talbot, John
Trego, Jacob.
Thomas, Joshua.
Thomas, Joshua.
Tittly, Benjamin.
Town, Benjamin.
Taylor, William.
Taylor, William.
Tolly, John.
Thomson, David.
Taylor, John.
Taylor, John.
Thomas, Arthur.
Todd, Cortland.
Taylor, Isaac.
Talbert, James.
Thomas, Evans.
Turner, John.

Vernon, Nathamel, Junr.
Vernon, Nathaniel.
Verner, Frederick.
Vernon, Gideon.
Vernor, Elias.
Vaughan, John.
Voght, Christian.

Walton, Allinson.
Willet, Walter.
Wilson, John.
Welflang, Henry.
Whitman, Michael.
Wharton, Carpenter.
Wharton, Isaac.
Williams, William.
William, Ephraim.
Wilson, Christopher.
Worrall, Isaiah.
Wood, Moses.
Willis, William.
Willis, Richard.
Wilson, John.
White, Robert.
Warrel, James.
Wright, William.
Weston, Richard.
Weitner, George.
Wright, John.
Wertman, Philip George.
Wright, Joathan.
Williams, Daniel.
Walker, Isaac.
Warder, John.
Waln, James.
Worthington, Joseph.
West, William, Junr.

Yeldall, Anthony.
Young, John.
Yeldall, Anthony.
York, Thomas.
Young, David.

SECRETARY'S OFFICE, LANCASTER.
September 18th, 1802

I do certify to all whom it may concern, that the foregoing is
a true copy of the Original, remaining on file, in the said
Office. Witness my hand and seal the day and year aforesaid.

(Sgd.) T. M. TH0MPS0N, Sec.


Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 2 months ago

" CAPT' ROBERT BROWN " OTAGO . NZ

HELLO - Some southern ancestors for some NZ Families


Capt Robert Brown's family
Arrived: 1823
Country of origin:
Area in New Zealand: Codfish Island
Source: book; Behold the Moon by Peter Entwisle;

Captain Robert Brown started a settlement at Codfish Island when the sealing industry was waning. He arrived on the Glory in 1823. He married Te Wharerimu, and had 5 children; Tame/Thomas- "The first half-caste child born in southern New Zealand"; Kararaina/Caroline who married the whaler John Howell of Riverton; Tera/Sarah who married the Tasmanian born whaler Ned Palmer; Peti/Elizabeth who married Tame Parata later MP for Southern Maori; and Papu/ Robert who married Tini/ Jane Palmer, daughter of Ned Palmer's uncle Edward Palmer, in 1847. All these children were born in the 1820s and 30s.

Till we meet again -Regards - edmondsallan

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 6 months ago

" CAPTAIN MOONLITE " BUSHRANGER - AUSTRALIA

HELLO - The Australian population has had ancestors who were at times very wild at heart and difficult to control

Scott, Andrew George [Captain Moonlite] (1842 - 1880)

Alternative Names:
Moonlite, Captain
Birth:
1842, Rathfryland, Down, Ireland
Death:
20 January 1880, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
Cultural Heritage:

* Irish

Religious Influence:

* Anglican

Occupation:

* bushranger
* executed criminal
* fraudster
* murderer
* prison escapee
* prisoner
* thief

SCOTT, ANDREW GEORGE (1842-1880), bushranger, self-styled 'CAPTAIN MOONLITE', was born at Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland, and baptized on 5 July 1842, son of Thomas Scott, Anglican clergyman, and his wife Bessie, ne Jeffares. Young Scott was described as 'dark, handsome, active and full of high spirits', but was known for impulsive acts of mischievous violence. He may have studied engineering in London, and legend has it that he served with Garibaldi in Italy in 1860.

On 22 November 1861 Scott, his parents and brother Thomas arrived at Auckland, New Zealand, in the Black Eagle. A fellow-passenger remembered him as 'very gentlemanly and high-spirited'. His father took charge of Christ Church, Coromandel, and his brother was ordained priest; Andrew taught school for a while but in February 1864 was commissioned in the Waikato Militia; later he transferred to the Auckland Volunteer Engineers Corps. On 6 November 1867 he was refused a post of inspector or sub-inspector in the armed constabulary, although he had been endorsed by prominent members of the Auckland community as 'a gentleman well suited for an office of command'.

Within a few months Scott had arrived in Australia, possibly first in Sydney. About April 1868 he went to Melbourne, met Bishop Perry and in July was appointed stipendiary lay reader of the Church of Holy Trinity, Bacchus Marsh. In November he advertised that he intended to set up as a consultant surveyor and engineer in addition to his clerical duties. However in March 1869 he was sent as lay reader to Egerton near Ballarat, where he made friends with James Simpson, the local schoolmaster, and L. J. Bruun, agent for the town's branch of the London Chartered Bank. As Bruun was returning to the bank late on 8 May, Scott, disguised in mask and cloak, attacked him and forced him to hand over the contents of the safe. He made Bruun write a note certifying his resistance to the robbery; Scott signed it himself with the deliberately mis-spelt 'Captain Moonlite'. Both Bruun and Simpson were charged with robbery but were acquitted; Scott soon left for Sydney.

For some months he lived off the proceeds of the crime, but towards the end of 1870 he began passing valueless cheques. In November he fraudulently bought the yacht, Why-Not, arranged for a skipper and a 'young lady' to accompany him, but was arrested by water police as he tried to leave for Fiji. On 20 December he was given twelve months in Maitland gaol, some of which he spent in Parramatta Lunatic Asylum, feigning madness. While he was in prison Bruun and his friends had detectives set on his trail, and when he was released in April 1872 he was charged with the Egerton gold robbery. While on remand he escaped from Ballarat gaol but was soon recaptured, and on 24 July he appeared before Judge Barry. Scott conducted most of his own defence, cross-examined Bruun for seven hours with 'shrewd and pertinacious questions' and amused the crowd with his facetious remarks. He received ten years hard labour and one year for escaping.

Scott was a recalcitrant and violent prisoner in Pentridge gaol. Released in March 1879, for a while he was a speaker at open-air meetings on prison reform and kindred subjects, but on 18 November with a small band he held up Wantabadgery sheep station near Wagga Wagga for two days. He used the two children of the near-by hotelkeeper as hostages, separating them by force from their parents. Two of the gang (one a boy of 15) and one trooper were killed when the police attacked the homestead. Scott and three others were found guilty of murder and he and one of his accomplices were hanged on 20 January 1880.

What a way to go !!! - Till we meet again -Regards - edmondsallan

9 comment(s), latest 3 years, 6 months ago

" CONVICTS & FREE SETTLERS " AUSTRALIA

Good morning to all members . This journal is about Australian History from the source with the same name. Thought we could have a look and get some idea of how the ancestry of australia developed

Convicts and free-settlers

When the Bellona transport came to anchor in Sydney Cove on 16 January 1793, she brought with her the first immigrant free settlers. They were: Thomas Rose, a farmer from Dorset, his wife and four children; he was allowed a grant of 120 acres; Frederic Meredith, who had formerly been at Sydney with HMS Sirius; Thomas Webb (who had also been formerly at Sydney with the Sirius), his wife, and his nephew, Joseph Webb; Edward Powell, who had formerly been at Sydney with the Lady Juliana, transport, and who married a free woman after his arrival. Thomas Webb and Edward Powell each received a grant of 80 acres; and Joseph Webb and Frederic Meredith received 60 acres each.

The conditions they had come out under were that they should be provided with a free passage, be furnished with agricultural tools and implements by the Government, have two years' provisions, and have grants of land free of expense. They were likewise to have the labour of a certain number of convicts, who were also to be provided with two years' rations and one year's clothing from the public stores. The land assigned to them was some miles to the westward of Sydney, at a place named by the settlers, "Liberty Plains". It is now the area covered mainly by the suburbs of Strathfield and Homebush.

One in three convicts transported after 1798 was Irish, about a fifth of whom were transported in connection with the political and agrarian disturbances common in Ireland at the time. While the settlers were reasonably well-equipped, little consideration had been given to the skills required to make the colony self-supporting few of the first wave convicts had farming or trade experience (nor the soldiers), and the lack of understanding of Australia's seasonal patterns saw initial attempts at farming fail, leaving only what animals and birds the soldiers were able to shoot. The colony nearly starved, and Phillip was forced to send a ship to Batavia (Jakarta) for supplies. Some relief arrived with the Second Fleet in 1790, but life was extremely hard for the first few years of the colony.
A historical map of Australia and New Zealand 1788-1911.

Convicts were usually sentenced to seven or fourteen years' penal servitude, or "for the term of their natural lives". Often these sentences had been commuted from the death sentence, which was technically the punishment for a wide variety of crimes. Upon arrival in a penal colony, convicts would be assigned to various kinds of work. Those with trades were given tasks to fit their skills (stonemasons, for example, were in very high demand) while the unskilled were assigned to work gangs to build roads and do other such tasks. Female convicts were usually assigned as domestic servants to the free settlers, many being forced into prostitution.[17]

Where possible, convicts were assigned to free settlers who would be responsible for feeding and disciplining them; in return for this, the settlers were granted land. This system reduced the workload on the central administration. Those convicts who weren't assigned to settlers were housed at barracks such as the Hyde Park Barracks or the Parramatta female factory.

Convict discipline was harsh, convicts who would not work or who disobeyed orders were punished by flogging, being put in stricter confinement (e.g. leg-irons), or being transported to a stricter penal colony. The penal colonies at Port Arthur and Moreton Bay, for instance, were stricter than the one at Sydney, and the one at Norfolk Island was strictest of all. Convicts were assigned to work gangs to build roads, buildings, and the like. Female convicts, who made up 20% of the convict population, were usually assigned as domestic help to soldiers. Those convicts who behaved were eventually issued with ticket of leave, which allowed them a certain degree of freedom. Those who saw out their full sentences or were granted a pardon usually remained in Australia as free settlers, and were able to take on convict servants themselves.

By 1790 convict James Ruse had begun to successfully farm near Parramatta, the first successful farming enterprise, and he was soon joined by others. The colony began to grow enough food to support itself, and the standard of living for the residents gradually improved.
The Vinegar Hill convict rebellion of 1804.

In 1804 the Vinegar Hill convict rebellion was led by around 200 escaped, mostly Irish convicts, although it was broken up quickly by the New South Wales Corps. On 26 January 1808, there was a military rebellion against Governor Bligh led by John Macarthur. Following this, Governor Lachlan Macquarie was given a mandate to restore government and discipline in the colony. When he arrived in 1810, he forcibly deported the NSW Corps and brought the 73rd regiment to replace them.

* 13 May 1787 The 11 ships of the First Fleet leave Portsmouth under the command of Capt Arthur Phillip. Different accounts give varying numbers of passengers but the fleet consisted of at least 1,350 persons of whom 780 were convicts and 570 were free men, women and children and the number included four companies of marines. About 20% of the convicts were women and the oldest convict was 82. About 50% of the convicts had been tried in Middlesex and most of the rest were tried in the county assizes of Devon, Kent and Sussex

* 18 January 1788 The First Fleet arrived in Botany Bay but the landing party was not impressed with the site, and moved the fleet to Port Jackson, landing in Sydney Cove on 26 Jan. 1788 (now celebrated as Australia Day)

* 1790 the Second Fleet of convicts arrives in Sydney Cove.

* 1791 Third Fleet of convicts arrives

* 1793 January: the first free settlers arrive in NSW.
* 1793 - MarchApril: visit of the expedition led by Alessandro Malaspina.

* 14 June 1825 the colony of Van Diemen's Land is established in its own right; its name is officially changed to Tasmania on 1 January 1856. The first settlement was made at Risdon, Tasmania on 11 September 1803 when Lieut John Bowen landed with about 50 settlers, crew, soldiers and convicts. The site proved unsuitable and was abandoned in August 1804. Lieut-Col David Collins finally established a successful settlement at Hobart in February 1804 with a party of about 260 people, including 178 convicts. (Collins had previously attempted a settlement in Victoria.) Convict ships were sent from England directly to the colony from 1812 to 1853 and over the 50 years from 1803-1853 around 67,000 convicts were transported to Tasmania. About 14,492 were Irish but many of them had been sentenced in English and Scottish courts. Some were also tried locally in other Australian colonies. The Indefatigable brought the first convicts direct from England on 19 October 1812 and by 1820 there were about 2,500 convicts in the colony. By the end of 1833 the number had increased to 14,900 convicts of whom 1864 were females. About 1,448 held ticket of leave, 6,573 were assigned to settlers and 275 were recorded as "absconded or missing". In 1835 there were over 800 convicts working in chain-gangs at the penal station at Port Arthur which operated from 1830 to 1877. Convicts were transferred to Van Diemen's Land from Sydney and, in later years, from 1841 to 1847, from Melbourne. Between 1826 and 1840, there were at least 19 ship loads of convicts sent from Van Diemen's Land to Norfolk Island and at other times they were sent from Norfolk Island to Van Diemen's Land.

* 21 January 1827 Western Australia was established when a small British settlement was established at King George's Sound (Albany) by Major Edmund Lockyer who was to provide a deterrent to the French presence in the area. On 18 June 1829 the new Swan River Colony was officially proclaimed with Captain James Stirling as the first Governor. Except for the settlement at King George's Sound, the colony was never really a part of NSW. King George's Sound was handed over in 1831. In 1849 the colony was proclaimed a British penal settlement and the first convicts arrived in 1850. Rottnest Island, off the coast of Perth, became the colony's convict settlement in 1838 and was used for local colonial offenders. Around 9,720 British convicts were sent directly to the colony in 43 ships between 1850 and 1868. The convicts were sought by local settlers because of the shortage of labour needed to develop the region. On 9 January 1868, Australia's last convict ship, the Hougoumont brought its final cargo of 269 convicts. Convicts sent to Western Australia were sentenced to terms of 6, 7, 10, 14 and 15 years and some reports suggest that their literacy rate was around 75% as opposed to 50% for those sent to NSW and Tasmania. About a third of the convicts left the Swan River Colony after serving their time.

* 1835 the Proclamation of Governor Bourke, issued by the Colonial Office and sent to the Governor with Despatch 99 of 10 October 1835, implements the doctrine of terra nullius upon which British settlement was based. Reinforcing the British assertion that the land belonged to no one prior to the British Crown taking possession of it, it effectively quashes pre-existing treaties with Aboriginal peoples (e.g. that signed by John Batman). Its publication in the Colony means that from then on, all people found occupying land without the authority of the government would be considered illegal trespassers. Aboriginal people therefore could not sell or assign the land, nor could an individual person acquire it, other than through distribution by the Crown.[18]

* 28 December 1836 the British province of South Australia was established. In 1842 it became a crown colony and on 22 July 1861 its area was extended westwards to its present boundary and more area was taken from New South Wales. South Australia was never a British convict colony and between 1836-1840 about 13,400 immigrants arrived in the area. 24,900 more arrived between 1841-1850. Some escaped convicts did settle in the area and no doubt a number of ex-convicts moved there from other colonies. There were also South Australian convicts who were convicted of colonial offences.

* 1841 New Zealand is separated from New South Wales

* 1851 Victoria is separated from New South Wales (formerly known as the Port Phillip District of NSW. Apart from castaways and runaway convicts in the 1790s, the first attempt at settlement was made on 13 October 1803 by Lieut. David Collins and his party of soldiers and convicts. Harsh conditions convinced him to abandon the settlement in January 1804. He moved on to Tasmania and it was not until the Henty brothers landed in Portland Bay on 19/11/1834 and John Batman settled on the site of Melbourne that the Port Phillip District was officially sanctioned on 10 April 1837. The first immigrant ships arrived at Port Phillip in 1839. Apart from those involved in early attempts at settlement in 1803 and 1826, the only convicts sent directly to Victoria from Britain were about 1,750 convicts known as the "Exiles" and they arrived between 1844-1849. They were sometimes called the "Pentonvillians" because most of them came from Pentonville Probationary Prison in England. Many ex-convicts and convicts on Tickets of Leave and Conditional Pardons also moved to Port Phillip from Van Diemen's Land.

* 10 December 1859 Queensland is separated from New South Wales. In 1824 the explorer Lieut. John Oxley took a party of 30 convicts and established a penal colony at Redcliffe. Known as the Moreton Bay Settlement, this later moved to the site now called Brisbane. The name Brisbane Town was in use by 1825 and the main inhabitants in the area were the convicts of the Moreton Bay Penal Station until it was closed in 1839. Around 2,280 convicts were sent to the settlement between 18241839 and at the end of 1836 the convict population numbered 337. The first free settlers moved to the district in 1838 and others followed in 1840.

* 23 December 1862 the area of Queensland is increased.

* 1863 control of the Northern Territory is granted to the Province (later State) of South Australia. In 1825 the area occupied today by Northern Territory was incorporated into the colony of New South Wales. It was first settled by Europeans in 1824 at Fort Dundas, Port Essington. Its capital city, Darwin was established in 1869 and was originally known as Palmerston. On 1 January 1912, the Northern Territory as we know it today was separated from South Australia and became part of the Commonwealth of Australia.

* 1 January 1901 the Federation of Australian States to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

* 1911 The Australian Capital Territory is established.

Till we meet again -Regards -edmondsallan

4 comment(s), latest 3 years, 6 months ago

" CONVOY WEB " SITE - For - ( MICH 2009 ) 20/5/2011

--> www.convoyweb.org.uk/

Their is so much information on this website it could take months to research and I have added to my data base .
" old faithful " ( my other computer ) is blinking away at me. Said it will be great as she wasn't born then .Just as well she would have had a field day . Give her some thing like this is like giving a very hungry big dog a large meaty Bone -- " Cr-uuu-nn-ccch!!! "enough of that .
Here is a sample of whats on this website , Their is no copyright restrictions should you wish to use it and they ask for people to send in info - Ok - Hope this assists you . To the last part . " Were gunners " Paid etc " I am pretty sure they were . It was a sort of danger monies because Of the heavy loses in men .

--> www.convoyweb.org.uk/ --> www.convoyweb.org.uk/
The Website for Merchant Ships during WW2.

KEY
The easy way to obtain information from this site.
War Dead 1939-45 Search memorials by name and by ship.
Signal Letters Find Signal Letters/ Registration Numbers for ships in 1912, 1916, 1938 & 1945.
Arrivals/ Departures Search 1,414 ports for ships arriving and departing on a date
Ship Movements ........................ Ship movements for 378 vessels transcribed from Lloyd's records.
Arnold Hague Ports Database .. Search over 1,000,000 port entries to chart a ship's movements.
Hague Convoy Database .......... Search 28,156 convoys (366,192 ship movements).
Arnold Hague Shorter Series.... An additional 9,610 convoys (57,504 ship movements).
OS and OS/KMS Convoys ......... UK to Freetown, Sierra Leone and Gibraltar, 1941-1945.
SL and SL/MKS Convoys ........... Freetown, Sierra Leone and Gibraltar to UK, 1939 - 1945.
Russian Convoys ....................... 78 Russian convoys 1941 - 1945 (mercantile and naval vessels).
OA OB OG Convoys ................... UK ports to the Atlantic and Gibraltar 1939-1941.
WS Convoys ............................... Troop and Military Supply convoys 1940 - 1943.
Convoy OS.33 ............................ A detailed study of convoy OS.33
Multi-Convoy Web Search ....... Search across the Web for a particular merchant ship.
Convoy Finder ........................... Find convoys by date or by convoy code.
Extras .......................................... Convoy charts, sunrise/ sunset times 1939-45, calendar 1939-45, distance calculator, convoy codes (x2), convoy signals, Ebook, Merchant Shipping Movement Cards, U-boat charts.
Updates/ Announce .................. Last update July 16 , 2010.
You are invited to contribute any extra information for inclusion on this site.

I might get into this website myself -looks very interesting indeed !

Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 5 months ago