edmondsallan on FamilyTreeCircles - journals

edmondsallan on Family Tree Circles

sort: Date Alphabetical
view: full | list

Journals and Posts

KAARO -ANI - 1851 ( ? ) ---- 1922 ( ? ) - NGA PUHI . HOKIANGA

edmondsallan - Hello - Not a lot of imformation on this person . She was a " Maori Prophet " of some standing in the northland. I found trying to research " Kaaro, Ani- Nga Puhi leader, prophet " very difficult .Nearly all her records seem to have vanished . very unusual . Even the snail -- leaves a trail !!!
Ani Kaaro was the senior leader of Ngati Hao, a small, declining hapu of Nga Puhi from Rangiahua and Waihou in the upper Hokianga district. Her authority derived from her grandfather, Eruera Patuone, pre-eminent leader of the tribe in the early days of contact with Europeans. She was the daughter of his only surviving son, Hohaia, and his wife, Harata. The date and place of her birth are not known.

Ani Kaaro emerged as the tribal leader at a time of intense difficulty in Hokianga. While the district was being opened by government policy to European settlement, the Hokianga tribes were simultaneously becoming involved with major movements for Maori unity and political autonomy. Ani was prepared to work through the King movement. In 1885 she persuaded Ngati Hao to enter into a compact with Tawhiao, the Maori King, when he visited Waitangi in an attempt to establish a broad Maori unity. But Ngati Hao and Te Popoto were the only two Hokianga tribes who were prepared to enter into union with the King movement. Ani Kaaro's leadership and support for Tawhiao's aims led her to be challenged by two rival women, who also claimed direct divine guidance. They were sisters, Maria Pangari and Remana Hane (Rimana Hi), daughters of Aporo Pangari (Te Houhou) and grand-daughters of Pangari, Ngati Hao leader from Orira on the northern side of the Waihou River.

Ani Kaaro had already been recognised as a prophet when she made a pilgrimage in May 1885 to Parihaka. Together with her father and her brother, Patu Hohaia, she became a convert to the faith of the visionary Te Whiti-o-Rongomai. He was a pacifist, and believed that God would ultimately restore authority to the Maori. Ani Kaaro apparently gained the following of Maria Pangari's supporters after Maria died on the journey to Parihaka. However, in 1886, while Ani was visiting Napier, Remana Hane seized the leadership of the religious movement at Waihou and won over Ani's close kin, including her father, mother, and brother. Remana claimed to be spiritually married to Te Whiti. She and her followers built a community named Mount Zion, and by 1887 they were involved in extensive feuding with Ani and her followers, which culminated in an armed police expedition against Remana Hane.

Ani Kaaro, while maintaining regular monthly religious meetings, stated that she had ceased to identify herself with the 'Hauhau' teachings of Te Whiti, disclaimed the role of prophet, and returned to an acceptance of the 'European' Sunday as the holy day. However, her father retained his belief in Remana Hane.

The rivalry between the chiefly women continued for a few years, but Remana Hane's following dwindled after the failure of her prediction about the coming of the archangel Gabriel in 1889. Thereafter Ani Kaaro became the unchallenged leader of Ngati Hao. During the royal visit to Rotorua in 1901, she was the only woman photographed among several leading chiefs. She appears as a short, thickset woman, aged probably in her 40s.

Ani Kaaro's husband was Ngakete Hapeta, but nothing is known of their marriage and no evidence of children has been found. It is not known when or where she died. Her chiefly leadership derived not just from her descent - she had superseded her father in authority - but also from her abilities. She was a matakite (visionary), but in her search for the 'right path' she always remained within the law, and acted as a responsible leader. This is all I could find , not much . Yet her blood lines are so well known - Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago


edmondsallan - Hello -Tureiti was appointed a native assessor in the Resident Magistrate's Court in the district of Tauranga in 1892. He stood unsuccessfully against Wi Pere as MHR for Eastern Maori in 1893, and later stood unsuccessfully on four occasions for Western Maori: in 1899, 1902, 1905 and 1908. As Ngati Tuwharetoa were from the central area and were not clearly associated with either seat, Tureiti's supporters were insufficient to make a difference in either electorate.

From 1894 Tureiti, his wife, Te Rerehau Kahotea (also known as Mere Te Iwa Te Rerehau) and family lived mainly in Wellington, in the suburb of Maranui (Lyall Bay), where his house was an important centre for Maori visiting Wellington on political business. He led a committee of chiefs who worked in Wellington to support the Maori members of Parliament and to see petitions through the Native Affairs Committee. One of their best-known endeavours was the support of MHR Hone Heke's efforts to get a measure of Maori self-government in 1894 through the Native Rights Bill. However, during the debating stage, member after member got up and walked out of the House resulting in lack of a quorum and consequent adjournment. The bill was introduced again in 1895 and 1896 but finally was defeated, although some of its principles were incorporated in legislation passed in 1900.

In 1895 Tureiti was appointed an assessor in the Validation Court. He represented Ngati Tuwharetoa, Whanganui people, Te Arawa, Ngati Raukawa and Ngati Maniapoto in opposing R. J. Seddon's Native Lands Settlement and Administration Bill in 1898, and continued to press for legal recognition of the Maori parliament. Tureiti was among those consulted by James Carroll when the Maori Councils Act and Maori Lands Adminstration Act of 1900 were being formulated. In 1901 he sought clarification of Waikato--Ngati Maniapoto boundaries under the new legislation.

Tureiti was on the executive committee organising the Maori welcome to the duke and duchess of Cornwall and York at Rotorua in 1901, a considerable task, as thousands of Maori were camped on the Rotorua racecourse and the committee had to organise food, hygiene and many events and activities. On 18 April 1903 he was appointed advisory counsellor of the Tongariro Maori Council. Although he had been a supporter of Maori 'home rule', in 1908 he became president of the Maori Association, which favoured legal and social progress for Maori along European lines rather than the assertion of treaty rights.

On 3 November 1911 Tureiti's wife Te Rerehau Kahotea died at Tokaanu. A mourning ceremony was held for her by Wairarapa Maori in February 1912. At this hui Wairarapa Maori were also getting together a petition of support for the Liberal government of Sir Joseph Ward and it was intended that Tureiti take the petition to James Carroll. By August, however, Tureiti seemed to be resigned to supporting the Reform prime minister, W. F. Massey, whose government had replaced Ward's, and took part in a hui where he spoke in support of Massey. That year he attended the tangihanga of Mahuta, the Maori King, and the installation of Te Rata as his successor, expressing his view that the title 'ariki' should be used, rather than 'Kingi'. In 1913 he became a committee member of the newly formed Te Whakakotahitanga, an attempt to revive Te Kotahitanga. In 1918 he was made a member of the Legislative Council.

During the First World War, Tureiti was active in recruiting Maori, campaigning in different areas of New Zealand. He supported military conscription, convinced that it should apply even in Waikato, where he believed Maori should forget all their old grievances and fight for the empire. Many prominent Maori tried to persuade the people to join the other tribes to fight outside New Zealand. In the winter of 1918 Maui Pomare and Tureiti received hostile attention from their Waikato hosts. At one hui they were subjected to abusive haka, and whakapohane, the ultimate gesture of contempt. In 1919 Tureiti made a gift of 35,000 acres of Ngati Tuwharetoa land at Owhaoko in the Ruahine Ranges for the resettlement of Maori soldiers.

In 1918 his eldest son, Hepi Kahotea, died, which left his younger son, Hoani, to succeed him. Tureiti died on 1 June 1921 at Auckland, and was survived by Hoani and three daughters: Te Mare, Rihi and Te Uira. A memorial stone for him was unveiled by the governor on 30 April 1923 at Waihi. Tureiti had been an able, tireless, and eloquent representative of his people. He is remembered as a strong advocate of Maori equality and rangatiratanga. He campaigned for the establishment of political structures that would give his people the opportunity to exercise autonomy and power over their own destiny. He was thus a leader not only of Ngati Tuwharetoa, but also of Maori as a nation. Till we meet again - Regards - edmondsallan

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 10 months ago