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McCOMBE ST, ROSEBUD DISRESPECTS PIONEERS OF FRANKSTON, VIC., AUST.

In 1912-13, a Seaford farmer was the last to occupy the 57 acre Hindhope Estate at Rosebud, bounded by First Avenue, Pt Nepean Rd and Boneo Rd and extending south to Hindhope Villa (50 First Avenue) and all Hope St house blocks. When section A was subdivided shortly afterwards the developer (Thomas)obviously wanted to honour John McComb*, but unfortunately the surveyor called the first street on the estate McCombe St.

*The Shire of Flinders rates until 1919-20 are available on microfiche in the local history room at the Rosebud Library. Gregory Rigg and his wife Eleanor had 29 acres each in 1911-12,having purchased one block from the Randalls (who gave Hindhope its name)some years earlier and the other later from an unestablished vendor. Names of ratepayers were listed alphabetically and there was no Rigg entry in 1912-13. A search of every entry in the West Riding established that John McComb, Carrum, (assessment number 1152)who was assessed on part crown allotment 14, Wannaeue (nett annual value 25 pounds)was occupying Hindhope. From memory,I'm sure Ramsay and Nora Couper still had "The Thicket", the other 54 acres of crown allotment 14 between the present Hope St houses and Raper's Lane (Eastbourne Rd.) Also, newspaper articles make it clear that the Riggs owned Hindhope and I have titles documents recording change of ownership of Hindhope from the Riggs to Arthur A.Thomas of 19 Queen St Melbourne.In 1913-14 John McComb's name had been entered (and that's probably where I got the description of "Seaford farmer") in its appropriate place under M, but it was crossed out and replaced by that of Thomas. The above makes it clear that John McComb leased Hindhope from the Riggs for a year. It is possible that the lease was cancelled by agreement between the Riggs and John McComb and that it had been a condition of the sale to Thomas that the first street was to be named in honour of John and his pioneering family. The Riggs and McCombs could well have been friends. Arthur A.Thomas probably didn't know John McComb, otherwise he might have detected the incorrect E at the end of the street name on the subdivision plan for Block A. Many street names honour longtime owners of land in the area but there would be few that recall people who LEASED the land FOR A SINGLE YEAR. Therefore the people who decided the name (probably the Riggs)must have had a special reason. Was it to honour a family which was among the earliest pioneers of the Mornington Peninsula? What would even a young child make of the logic of a statement such as: McCOMBE ST IN ROSEBUD IS NAMED AFTER JOHN McCOMB, A DECENDANT OF A PIONEERING FAMILY OF FRANKSTON. Perhaps we could have Wedgee,Daveye and Wellse streets too, to honour other Frankston pioneers! The big hill south of Frankston could be renamed Olivere's Hill to continue the joke!

Lovers of historical accuracy, especially Frankston residents who are proud of their town's history, should contact the Mornington Peninsula Shire in great numbers to demand that the spelling of this street name be corrected. Read about this pioneering family. There are several photos.
N.B. South Melbourne was known as Canvas Town,the Governor having had the area surveyed for a tent city to cope with the incredible influx of new chums who had been lured by the prospect of striking it rich at the diggings; permanent dwellings were fully occupied despite outrageous rents. Emerald Hill was South Melbourne's second name.

Grace McComb Was Frankston's Florence Nightingale
Tribute to Oldest Family of District Pioneers
An inscription on the stone wall of the main entrance to the Frankston Cemetery reads: "This entrance was erected in August, 1926, by grateful friends, to the Memory of the late Mrs. Grace McComb for her goodness," while on a grave just inside the entrance appears the words: "Erected to the Memory of Thomas and Grace McComb, Pioneers of Frankston, 1852."

Only a period of a few months separated the arrival of the first settler in Frankston, Mr. James Davey (Oliver's Hill), and the McComb family, whose first home was a tent on the beach, near the Fernery, held under a Miner's Right, at payment of 10 per year to the Crown. The noble deeds of Mrs. Grace McComb, as maternity nurse, and only "doctor" for 40 years in Frankston district, establish the everlasting glory of her name as the greatest woman in all Frankston's history

Frankston's Florence Nightingale.
"Lives of Great Men."
Her husband, Thomas, and all members of the pioneer McComb family, have likewise left their mark of fame on the scroll of district history, progress, and achievement, to be admired by a grateful public and generations
to come.

An Adventurous Scotswoman.
Far back in 1833, a young Mate on a windjammer, Thomas McComb, sailed in his ship to Tasmania from Greenoch (Scotland). Thomas liked Tasmania so much that he did not return to Scotland with his ship, but transferred to a Government boat at Port Arthur. Here he married his wife, Grace, a Tasmanian girl, on August 20, 1844.
At the outbreak of the gold rush at Forest Hill (Castlemaine), Thomas McComb came to the mainland to prospect for gold, but finding it too expensive, he returned to Tasmania, and came back, with his wife and family, in 1851, to Melbourne, where their fourth child was born.
MR. HARRY McCOMB (photo.)

Dear Rents Then, Too.
Evidently rents were dear, long before the present 1949 era, as the McComb family paid 1 per week for one room in Bourke Street, Melbourne, in 1851. Ejected from the room by a "tough" landlord, they were forced to pitch a tent on the banks of the Yarra. Thomas McComb got a job in charge of a lighter on the River Yarra, and the family moved to Emerald Hill (now South Melbourne). When Grace McComb developed "Colonial fever" a doctor advised residence at the seaside, her husband bought in with a company of fishermen, and came to live at Frankston, in a tent near the Fernery, by permission of Mr. Wedge, who rented the ground from the Crown.

Three Great Veterans.
For the wonderful story written here, "The Standard" is grateful to the three surviving members of the McComb family (there were originally 11 children). They are Mr. Harry McComb, 87 years, and Miss Agnes McComb, 84 (both of 26 NolanStreet, and Mrs. Martha Grace Pitchford, 82 (William Street).Despite their great ages, all are hale and hearty veterans, who have worthily upheld the tradition, of their famous parents. And so we continue their fascinating story:

Nursed Frankston's First Baby.
Only the day after the arrival of the McCombs in Frankston, a baby arrived to the Davey family,and Mr. Davey made an urgent call on Mrs. Grace McComb, who safely delivered the "new citizen" to Frankston. The nurse had a
hurried walk up the steep and rough Oliver's Hill of those days,(then known as "Old man Davey's Hill"-itellya)
but she was to be richly rewarded, for the strenuous exertions of the night journey to the top cured the "Colonial fever." The first McComb baby born in Frankston was Helen (deceased). Frankston in those early days
was a great place for visitors, who used to journey up from the Heads on foot, or per horseback, and some by boat. Mrs.McComb had a busy time serving them with meals.

First Land Sale.
The first Frankston land sale was a wonderful affair, with a big crowd. Many of them had walked all the way to Melbourne where the sales were held. Thomas McComb found the land too dear at the sale,but later bought five acres in William Street, on which he built his home.

Grand Fishing Tradition.
Fishing and wood-cutting comprised the only employment in Frankston in those early days, and the fishing industry, pioneered by Thomas, has continued down the ages to the present day in the McComb family, with
popular "Old Ted" McComb (grandson of Thomas McComb Senr., and son of Thomas McComb Junr.) and his sons ably
carrying on the great sea tradition of Frankston. In his retiring years, Thomas McComb, who died in 1889, at the age of 81, performed the duty of lighting the lamp on the Frankston Pier. Grace McComb died in 1915, at
the grand old age of 88, and with the noble record of Australian womanhood referred to above.

Only Two Shops.
For many years there was not a formed road or a fence in Frankston district, only sand tracks. For a very long time, there were only two shops in Frankston -Yockins in Davey Street, and Patterson's in High Street. Mr. James Davey had the first hotel - the old "Bay View" (now the Grand).

The First School.
The first school was a Common School, at the rear of the present St. Paul's Church of England. Carrying a baby in her arms, Mrs Grace McComb trudged round the sand tracks till she obtained the 20 signatures required for the first State School, on its present site. The three surviving McCombs were amongst the first children at the first school. The first teacher was a former tutor employed by the late Mr. Frank Stevens (Oliver's Hill), now
Grimwade's property.

Blacks' Camp at Mechanics'.
Tribes of blacks came to Frankston whenever the eels came down the Kananook Creek. They camped in mia mias, under a big honeysuckle tree, on the ridge in front of the Mechanics' Institute, and always had a large
pack of dogs. One son, the late Jim McComb, was one of the founders of the Mechanics' Institute in Frankston, when "penny entertainments". were a feature of its early revenue activities. Jim was later Shire Engineer at Lilydale. Brother Joe was a great student of politics, and a keen member of the Taxpayers' Association, with Mr. Charles Gray. John had a successful career on the railways, retiring as a roadmaster. His death occurred
at 84 years.

Each of the three surviving veterans were loath to speak about their own achievements, but from here and there we pieced together a series of wonderful facts.

Founder of Housewives' and Baby Welfare.
Miss Agnes McComb, whose house and effects were totally destroyed by fire two years ago, was treasurer of the Housewives' Association (which she founded) for over 20 years, and retired from the position only last year.
Miss McComb was also the prime mover for a Baby Health Centre in Frankston, and went round, as first secretary, for 12 months, till the Centre was established.

Her sister, Mrs. Pitchford, is known as a great Red Cross worker. All three, like the McCombs before them, and other relatives, are keen members and workers for the local Methodist Church, and have always helped to their utmost in all movements for the benefit of the district, and its community.

Where Were "Those Good Old Days?"
Mr. Harry McComb told "The Standard" representative, wistfully, that he wished the present time had been his hey-day, as in his time men never got very much, either in work or wages. He spent 16 years as Shire foreman, but prior to that had to leave the town in search of work.

A Fine Cricketer.
In his day, Harry McComb was a noted cricketer; cricket being always his hobby. He played for many years with the Frankston team, since its inception (from
approximately 80 years ago), when the present Cranbourne (Cranbourne Rd? Possibly Samuel Sherlock Reserve,where the new Peninsula Aquatic Centre now stands-itellya) Oval was cleared. His best year was at the age of 19, when he won the batting average trophy (a bat given by Mr. Lawrence, a MR. TED McCOMB. (photo)Mordialloc banker) with an average of 54 runs for five matches (prior to leaving the district). His brother Joe, with an average of 51 for seven matches, won the trophy given the same year by the Fishing Company. Harry was an opening batsman, for Frankston, with the late famous Jack Sadlier (first bank manager).
Harry generally tossed with Sadlier as to who would go in first. Harry was also a good left-hand bowler.
Harry McComb played later with the Contemplar Lodge team, Prahran, for three years. On the wall of the McComb home is a large framed group of cricketers, with Harry's photo in the centre. The inscription reads: "Victorian
Lodge Cricket Club, 1889. presented to H. McComb, (Captain) as a token of esteem for past services rendered.

Best Footballer and Cricketer.
Asked for his opinion of the best footballer and cricketer in Frankston's history, Mr. Harry McComb declared enthusiastically and unhesitatingly for "Joker" Cameron (football), and Ben Baxter (cricket).

A Symbol.
The tides will wash away many things from Frankston beaches for generations to come, but the great honored name of McComb is indelibly written in our sands for all time, and as a symbol for all who will follow them as
citizens of Frankston. (P.43, Frankston Standard, 5-10-1949.)

Let's hope that one day the Rosebud street named after this pioneering family will bear the correct name!

OPPOSITION TO PRIVATE LEASE OF QUARANTINE STATION AT PT. NEPEAN, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

The Quarantine Station site is an integral part of Victoria's history. Dennis and Honora Sullivan leased the land from the Crown in 1843 but when a ship arrived near the start of the gold rush in 1852 carrying a great number of infected passengers, immediate steps were taken to establish a quarantine station on their land because the current station at Elwood was considered too close to Melbourne.

The Quarantine Station buildings replaced the tents that were hastily erected in 1852 but are of equal historical significance to that of the Port Arthur penal buildings in Tasmania. Visitors to Pt Nepean are able to soak up the heritage of the pioneer cemetery, Cheviot Beach where Harold Holt disappeared, the quarantine station and the underground passages at the fort-amidst Mother Nature's garden.

A lease to private operators would lead to an historically insensitive situation such as at Dromana where the historic Church of England is now dwarfed, engulfed, by a huge apartment complex only metres away.

Vicky Sullivan is opposing this lease of crown land at Pt Nepean and she needs our support.

Here's some background on the issue. I believe the lease proposal is now for a 99 year term.


Stateline Victoria - Abc
www.abc.net.au/stateline/vic/content/2003/s935448.htm
Aug 29, 2003 - ZOE DANIEL: At the old Quarantine Station, where some of the first ...Vicki Sullivan is a direct descendant of the earliest settlers at Portsea.


ZOE DANIEL: Defence land at Point Nepean, near Portsea at the very tip of the Mornington Peninsula, will not be sold. Instead the Federal Government has revealed what it calls a compromise plan for it to be leased with its historic buildings to a private bidder for up to 50 years. The Government says it's the best way to preserve prime, coastal real estate for community use.

FRAN BAILEY, PARLIAMENTARY SECRETARY: We believe that the outcome that we have will provide that maximum protection by having the Commonwealth ownership, Commonwealth planning, Commonwealth legislation and having the leasehold very stringently controlled.

ZOE DANIEL: But its motives are being questioned.

JOHN THWAITES, VICTORIAN ENVIRONMENT MINISTER: Anything could happen there, we could end up with helicopters, five-star hotels, exclusive compounds.

ZOE DANIEL: At the old Quarantine Station, where some of the first Victorians came ashore, renovations have already begun to prepare the site for a new manager. Around 30 hectares will now be available here, under a new tender process based on a 40-year lease with an option for an extra 10. There'll be no State planning restrictions, and there is likely to be an accommodation element.

FRAN BAILEY: It might be student accommodation, it might be backpacker accommodation, it might be family accommodation.

ZOE DANIEL: It might be high end accommodation?

FRAN BAILEY: It...it could be any sort of accommodation. But what I can rule out is that there can be no high-rise multi-storey hotel on that site.

ZOE DANIEL: A children's camp is more likely - with the historic Portsea Camp, which has been operating since early last century, likely to be offered a new home within the development. Ecotourism and property developer ES Link is most likely to win the tender. In these previously unpublished plans, it proposes a research institute and maritime centre, a quarantine museum, simple accommodation and restaurant and parklands complete with walking trails. But there's a catch - it'd take over the Portsea Camp's current site on prime headland which is zoned residential, and would be divided into house blocks - each returning millions of dollars to the developer. Before the Federal Government abandoned its intention to sell, local residents campaigned with the National Trust and National Parks Association for all of the land at Point Nepean to be added to the existing national park. Now they're mobilising again. They question the future of the historic Quarantine Station under the Commonwealth's plan - which doesn't rule out an exclusive hotel or convention centre.

JUDITH MUIR, TOURISM OPERATOR: With all the goodwill in the world, governments change and so we need State planning laws that are enshrined, we need to be aware that we're doing this for future generations not just for now.

WILL BAILLIEU, RESIDENT: What happens down here is not going to be in the control of Victorians at all, it's going to be totally in the control of what Canberra wants to do.

ZOE DANIEL: But there's even division among the lobbyists on this issue - and at least one group now supports the Commonwealth. Environment Victoria is an umbrella organisation representing environment groups. In this plan for Point Nepean, never published, it calls for the integration of the remaining Commonwealth land into the national park. The group sent out press releases along the same lines, and accepted and spent donations based on that premise. Now for the sake of pragmatism it says, it's applauding the Federal Government, even though private development on the site is ahead.

ERIC NOEL, ENVIRONMENT VICTORIA: Environment Victoria took the position that we wanted a solution based on the key tenets, that was that the land must remain in public hands and any development of that site, of the built Heritage area, must be done in accordance with the community master plan.

ZOE DANIEL: Environment Victoria is now at odds with some local residents, the National Trust and the National Parks Association. It's been accused of political favouritism and has received a complaint from Federal Labor after a confrontation with MP Kelvin Thompson over the State Government's failure to buy the site.

ERIC NOEL: Quite clearly Mr Bracks has broken another election promise and Kelvin should explain that to you members of the media.

KELVIN THOMPSON, MP: No, well, your political partisanship stands clear and stands exposed. The State Government has made very clear that it is willing to take over this land and manage it as national park...

ERIC NOEL: Don't get excited...

KELVIN THOMPSON: ..for all people for all time.

ERIC NOEL: Calm down, calm down.

ZOE DANIEL: But the lobby group says it changed sides because the Federal Government came up with the most realistic option. So you picked a winner and basically that was the Federal Government?

ERIC NOEL: Well, I think everyone is a winner in this situation, I think there are no losers.

ZOE DANIEL: Long-term Portsea resident David Stewart agrees. He likes the plan for an educational precinct taking advantage of the area's maritime heritage and environment and agrees with Environment Victoria's view that developing the Portsea Camp site is a fair swap for the sake of preserving the valuable defence land on the foreshore.

DAVID STEWART, RESIDENT: I think the value of that site that the people will come to enjoy over the next 40 or 50 years will make it so valuable, priceless in fact, that it will be preserved for all time.

ZOE DANIEL: But opponents of development at Point Nepean are still not satisfied. Vicki Sullivan is a direct descendant of the earliest settlers at Portsea. Many of her relatives are buried at Point Nepean and it's the time after her own passing that she fears.

VICKI SULLIVAN, RESIDENT: I would feel a lot safer if it was national park, because we don't sell our national parks and you know the Commonwealth wanted to sell it five minutes ago. Who's to say in 50 years, when I'm 90 and far too old to fight again that they're not going to sell it off then, who knows?

KATHY BOWLEN: By the way, among the backers of ESL are Melbourne's Lieberman family, Steve Vizard and Toll Holdings' boss, Paul Little.

AND NOW FOR MORE CURRENT INFORMATION.
MEDIA RELEASE

22 September 2014

Local groups condemn planning proposals for Point Nepean Quarantine Station

The Nepean Conservation Group and Nepean Historical Society have voiced their strong criticism of the proposed granting of a 99-year lease over the Point Nepean Quarantine Station to a Sorrento property developer.



Dr. Ursula de Jong, Chair of the Nepean Conservation Group, said that the Government has kept the community in the dark on critical details.



What we do know, however, is that government plans effectively excise a large area (not yet determined) from Point Nepean National Park. And that their preferred developer Point Leisure Group have proposed an exclusive luxury health, wellbeing and geothermal spa retreat that ignores the values of the national park and will deny public access to many areas of the park. The community fought long and hard for an integrated national park at Point Nepean - the proposal further separates the QS from the NP.



A new planning zone (Special Use Zone 5) is proposed, as well as some other changes including removal of environmental significance overlays, amendments to the park management plan, removal of third party appeal rights to VCAT. The new zone allows future sub division. It puts the Minister for the Environment in charge of both the town planning decisions and the requirements under the National Parks Act, which as Minister he can override. He is also in charge of lease length and conditions.



Doreen Parker, President of the Nepean Historical Society, said that rich and complex layers of history at the Point Nepean Quarantine Station are of national significance but are not properly planned for in the story being told by the Point Leisure Group.



PLG has even airbrushed out reference to the name Quarantine Station by calling its development The Point.



The community groups consider that consultation process was too short, lacks critical information, and denies the community any future involvement in the important decisions about development at the Point Nepean Quarantine Station.

The Victorian Governments consultation ends on 1 October 2014. After that, all decisions about development of the Point Nepean Quarantine Station will be made behind closed doors between the property developer and the Government.

One of those decisions may be to subdivide the land, an action that will be enabled under the governments planning processes and made much easier if the property developer is granted the 99-year lease. Its as good as selling off the Point Nepean Quarantine Station.



Every Victorian will be affected by this proposal for such major development in one of our NPs. The groups are calling on the Victorian Government to redraft the SUZ5, establish planning processes that involve the community in key decision making, provide the details necessary for the community to make an informed judgment, extend the consultation process, and then reconsider the Point Leisure Groups proposals. They are also calling for people to submit their concerns to the Government by the 1 October 2014 deadline.


Some of the building at the Quarantine Station led to the death of Rosebud fisherman,Patrick Wee Wee (buried at the Rye Cemetery, where a detailed plaque has been installed by the Rye Historical Society) and four quarrymen whom Patrick was taking to the Quarantine Station.

The Telegraph reports that last Sunday evening, 26th ultimo, about 5 o clock, a Maori fisherman, named Patrick
Tomut Wee Wee, living at Rosebud,near Dromana, was drinking in the bar of the Tootgarook Hotel, at Tootagrook, and conversing with four young men named respectively Richard Knott, Richard Barry, Richard Abbott, and Richard
Bellringer, who wanted him to take them to the Quarantine ground, where they were employed by Mr Muir, a con-tractor, as stonemasons.
(04 Jan 1870 - VICTORIA.
nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13198108)

JIM QUINLIVAN, ROSEBUD, (VIC., AUST.) CARRIED ON.

Ja (Jim) Quinlivan
Notice

QUINLIVAN
JA (Jim)
A final tribute to our respected member who passed away on April 5, 2014.
LEST WE FORGET
Carry On Victoria
Published in The Age on Apr. 9, 2014

QUINLIVAN, James (Jim)
QUINLIVAN. James (Jim). On Apr. 5, 2014, aged 87 years. Dearly loved husband of Grace and loving father of Peter (dec. ), Catherine, Dianne, Patricia and David (dec. ). In Our Hearts Forever Late RAAF Member Carry On Vic. for 29 years
Obituaries
Published in Herald Sun on 07/04/2014

Supporting Notices
QUINLIVAN. James. Rest in peace Uncle Jim Deepest sympathy to Aunty Grace and family. Pat, Ron and Robyn and families.
Obituaries
Published in Herald Sun on 09/04/2014
QUINLIVAN. Jimmy. Passed away Apr. 5, 2014, aged 87 years, after a long, serious illness. Jim was a good bloke, fine tradesman and a loyal Union Member, well liked by all who knew him. Sincere condolences to his wife Grace and daughters. Farewell old mate Rest in peace Your friends, Terry and Denise Boseley.
Obituaries
Published in Herald Sun on 09/04/2014
QUINLIVAN. J. A. (Jim). A final tribute to our respected member who passed away on Apr. 5, 2014. LEST WE FORGET Carry On Victoria.
Obituaries
Published in Herald Sun on 09/04/2014

QUINLIVAN. James. 157788 The President, Committee and Members of the Rosebud RSL Sub-Branch regret the passing of the respected friend and member James. Deepest respect to the family.
Obituaries
Published in Herald Sun on 08/04/2014


QUINLIVEN (sic) UNITS. (P.7, Southern Peninsula News, 21-10-2014.)
A man described as "integral to the history of Rosebud in his enduring efforts to support the veteran community" was honoured on Sunday.

The dedication of the Carry On units at Clacton Divide recognised "the efforts of one man, Jim Quinlivan,in raising more than $400 000 towards their construction."

"Without Jim's efforts,the units at Clacton Divide would never have come to fruition," Carry On executive officer (Victoria) Colin Wardrop said.

"We honour his role as recognition of what can be done when you have a vision."

The units were named 'Carry On (Victoria) Jim Quinlivan Units'.

The not-for-profit organisation has supported the veteran community for more than 82 years and has a strong affiliation and working relationship with both the R.S.L. and Legacy (Vic), Mr Wardrop said.

It provided support in housing,education (secondary and tertiary) and welfare assistance to veterans and their families in times of need.

I'd never heard of Jim Quinlivan before I saw the above article today. I'd read about the council taking ownership of the more inland portion of the Clacton-on-Sea estate because of unpaid rates and cooperating with Carry On to build the estate. Emphasis was placed on the council officer who oversaw the project and I don't recall even one mention of Jim Quinlivan.


CARRY ON ( Victoria ) - Rosebud Branch
www.carryonvictoria.org.au/branches_detail.php?ID=4


CARRY ON ( Victoria ) - Rosebud Branch
Carry On has had supporters on the Mornington Peninsula from the earliest days of the Club.

Many ex-servicemen living on the Peninsula were in needy circumstances, and after the Branch office-bearers convinced the Carry On Board of this situation it provided the motivation which has resulted in this Branch becoming an extremely active group.

One of the consequences has been the construction of Homes for the Aged Units in Rosebud. These ten units were built in two stages between 1989 and 1994.

The Branch also recruited very well in the 1980s, attracting local identities Alan Gray, Alex Bennett, John Davidson, Col Adamson, Les Parkin, Jim Quinlivan and Don Warford to join the organisation.

Because of the quality and enthusiasm of these members the branch has been very active since its establishment.

Good relationships have been established with the local newspapers which give coverage to Carry On activities such as Golf Days, Bowls Carnivals and the giving of Christmas hampers to needy families.

Great support has also been obtained from service and sporting clubs, businesses, local communities and the Local Shire Council on the Southern Peninsula.

A further role of the branch is assisting with the management of the Homes for the Aged units at Rosebud, where they select tenants, monitor their needs, attend to maintenance and minor repairs, and report to the Board on any major problems that may arise.


On 23 October at 1100 we are dedicating... - Carryon-victoria
https://www.facebook.com/CarryOnVictoria/posts/1585995661622175
Carryon-victoria
October 9 at 12:40pm
On 23 October at 1100 we are dedicating our Clacton Divide Rosebud Units in memory of Jim Quinlivan who passed away after a poor health on 5 April 2014. Jim was very well known in the Rosebud area for his fund raising endeavours to build units for Veterans in Rosebud. There is a local myth within the precincts of the Rosebud business district that the business owners would close up shop or hide when Jim cam a calling because he was chasing them for another donation. In fairness Jim Quinlivan raised over $440K towards the construction of the units. Lest we Forget his contribution to his Service mates. A true champion.


Write a comment...
Anthony Edward McKenzie. Jim was a Gentleman and the dedication in his memory is a wonderful thought. Well done. Vice President, Peninsula Young Veterans Well Being Centre.

SOME PEOPLE DESERVE EVERY BIT OF LUCK THEY GET AND JIM WAS CERTAINLY ONE.

Rosebud Man Ain't Half Lucky
by AdoptionNews on 19 Aug 2008 07:46 AM Category: Search & Reunion (http://www.morningtonpeninsulaleader.com.au)
Jim Quinlivan can barely wipe the smile off his face. More than 50 years after discovering he was adopted, Mr Quinlivan, 81, has found two half-sisters and another big family...

3 comment(s), latest 1 week, 1 day ago

RED HILL NEAR DROMANA (VIC., AUST.) POST 1940 and proposed BACK TO RED HILL.

FOREWORD.
So that the range of community activities in this era can be accurately portrayed, many items in reports from the correspondent, such as on cricket or football games will not be included, especially if the players involved have been mentioned elsewhere in the journal. For example in the 12-12-1946 report,I have focused on the scouts and deleted the part about the Red Hill v Flinders cricket match, although mentioning that Mannix was playing for Flinders at this time.

As there will be too many surnames to fit into the surnames list,I intend to have an alphabetical index of surnames and the years or other locations in the journal where they appear. This will be immediately below and will be compiled when the journal is almost completed.

A.B.W.Aumont,Red Hill and E. T. Gibson,
INDEX. e.g.
AMOS-1944; BENBOW-1940; BLAKELEY- PROPOSED BACK TO RED HILL; BROWN-1944; BUTLER-1944; CHAMBERS (carriers)-1944; CLEINE-1940,1944; CONNELL- PERSONAL ANECDOTES; CRAIG -1940; DELGROSSO-1944; EDWARDS-1940; GOMM-1940; GOODHAIR-1940; HANSEN-1944; HIGGENS-1944; HOLMES-(FAMILY TREE, SHEEHAN, PROSSOR, DOLL etc.)PERSONAL ANECDOTES, 1944; HUMPHREY-1940; HUNT- HOW IT STARTED, PERSONAL ANECDOTES; LUND-1944; MacGREGOR-1940; MCILROY-PERSONAL ANECDOTES;MANNING- 1940; MILBURN- 1944; MURRAY-1940; PRITCHARD-1940; RADFORD-1944; RATCLIFFE-WHITE-PROPOSED BACK TO RED HILL; RODDA-1944;SALMON-1940; SIMPSON- PERSONAL ANECDOTES; SKIDMORE- 1940; SMITH-1944; TOMLINS-1940; TREWIN-1940, 1944; VOLK-1940; WHITE-1940; WILSON-1940; WISEMAN-1940; WRIGHT- PROPOSED BACK TO RED HILL;

HOW IT STARTED.
Rae (nee Hunt) sent me a private message a week or so ago. Her family owned about 200 acres in Stanley Rd and visited Red Hill every weekend from their Oakleigh home to pick their flowers and tend their orchards. Rae asked me for information about Red Hill in the period 1940-1955 and I couldn't help her because my research was based on rate records (available on microfiche until 1919-20)and snippets such as the Holmes family and the Outlook Paddock from my contacts. My trove searches have mainly been confined to Red Hill's earlier history. Janilye told Rae that there was plenty of information on trove and I hope to supply post 1940 information in this journal.

PROPOSED BACK TO RED HILL.
I really do try to help people who private message me for assistance. Although I didn't realise it at the time I received her Red Hill request, I had already written the WEBSTERS OF SORRENTO journal as a result of her request for information. While I might find post 1940 information on trove, there probably won't be many anecdotes such as those locked in the heads of probably 150 people who lived in Red Hill post 1940.

Realising that there was not much of this later information in Sheila's THE RED HILL and the Holmes history, but wanting to help Rae, I thought of a get-together of longtime Red Hill residents for a recorded TELLING TALES session. But within a day, recollections of the happiness brought to old Tullamarine residents by the reunions I organised in 1989 and 1998 had transformed this plan into a BACK TO RED HILL.

Current Red Hill residents will read of my plan in the next issue of Hill 'n' Ridge in which I have asked for volunteers for a CONTACTS COMMITTEE whose job is to ensure that nobody who would like to attend the BACK TO is overlooked. My proposal is that the reunion will be held on a Sunday in March 2015,possibly at the Consolidated School at Higgens Corner, from 1-4 p.m. This would allow time for touring old haunts and lunch before the event without having to leave distant homes ridiculously early. The first hour will be informal meet and greet, probably producing a noise level equal to that of a grand final crowd, as witnessed at both Tullamarine reunions.

Those not wishing to "tell tales" will be asked to write at least a page about where they lived, friends and memories during their time at Red Hill. (If you wish,you can private message me with your anecdotes so I can include them in the journal or write them in comment boxes under the journal yourself.) Telling Tales will take place from 2 p.m. This will be recorded and copied onto DVDs which some may wish to order (prepaid and postal address essential.) Profits from sales will go to community bodies that assist with the Back To recording (e.g.Dromana Historical Society, Consolidated School.) By 4 p.m. TELLING TALES will finish , allowing early departure for those not wanting to drive in the dark and more happy chatter for others until 4:30.

The Dromana Historical Society might have copies of The Red Hill, photos and other items re Red Hill for sale during the 1-2 p.m. meet and greet. As a matter of interest, Barry Wright is writing a history of "Wildwood" and Helen Blakeley is writing about Australasia's first saw maker. Stephen Lynch of N.S.W.has written about the family of Blooming Bob White (Peninsula Pioneers.)

PERSONAL ANECDOTES etc.
Rae Alexander (nee Hunt), Warragul.
Have now spoken with my eldest sister and she is gradually remembering bits and pieces of our years in Red Hill. Our place was in Stanley Road, Red Hill South. One thing she remembers is riding her bike a few miles to Mrs McIlroy's, who had dairy cows and Marg could pick up some milk. They would also use Mrs McIlroy's phone if they needed to make a telephone call. She also remembers the Post Master, Mr Ratcliffe, and how Dad (Frank Hunt) was not only a supporter but also judged at the annual flower show. We have decided to go down to Red Hill one day soon and revisit the place to help recall our memories. We can then write down our memories and go from there. (Margaret is much older than Rae (who was born in 1943) and "remembers things so much better than I do about Red Hill as she was in her late teens and even took her Burnley Entemology fellow students down there to study.")

Trevor Holmes has sent me a family tree compiled by Ray Holmes. Some of the well-known names from the Hill and and Ridge area that feature in it are Sheehan,Barker, White, Cairns, Prossor, Edwards, Bright, Andrew, Laurissen and Simpson. (Margaret Connell, nee Simpson, has some genealogy details about Keith Holmes' siblings which can add to the above. See the Joseph Simpson entry in my journal about the pioneer pathway at Dromana.)


TROVE.
The reason many of these entries mention Dromana is that I entered it in the search terms so that I got the right Red Hill. I'll never forget the time I spent on an article about the Red Hill Village Settlement before finding that the Government party was driven to the station after its inspection. Subsequent research found that this RED HILL VILLAGE SETTLEMENT was between Bunyip and Longwarry!

EVENTS.
1937.
Mab, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Nase, Wilga, Flinders ( V.), to Frederick Wallace, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. D. Jarman, Devonia, Red Hill(V.) (P.12,The Australasian,3-4-1937.)

1940.
FRANKSTON COURT
At the Frankston Court on Tuesday,before Messrs Grant (chairman), Gray and Wells, J's.P., Richard J.Benbow,. of Red Hill South, was fined one pound for driving a motor car without a red rear light burning; along Pt. Nepean road at 12.50 a.m. on December 23. (P.6,Standard, 16-2-1940.)

PERSONAL.......Mrs C. Walden, of Frankston, and Mesdames W. Tomlins and Goodhair, of Red Hill, are holidaying for a fortnight at Warburton. (P.4,Standard,10-5-1940.) Were they friends or sisters?

FRUITGROWERS' DEFENCE LEAGUE. Peninsula Sub-Branches.
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 24 May 1940 p 2 Article
I did nothing about this article because the purpose of the League was not clear. Was it formed so fruitgrowers could better help the war effort or was it to protect the fruitgrowers from some threat?
"Office-bearers elected at Red Hill are-President, Mr. Wolley,Snr.; secretary, Mr. M. V. Brown: treasurer,Mr. N. Brown; committee, Messrs. C.Clarke, A. Mackeddle, W. Farnsworth and L. Smith."

About six hours later the motive became clear.

500 Fruitgrowers Protest Against Acquisition Scheme
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 3 May 1940 p 1 Article.


I'm after tennis news and thought this article might be good.Apart from Red Hill South's premiership,only one person named is related to Red Hill history but you may find it of interest. Miss Trewin and Miss Rigby, mentioned later, might have been Red Hill players.

The presentations were as follow: C.P.T.A. Cup and "A"' Grade Pennant to Sorrento Tennis Club; "B"Grade Pennant to Red Hill South Club.
Trophies - Cups
Women's Singles Championship -Mrs. Dunk.
Men's Singles Championship. - W.Gomm.
Women's Doubles Championship - Mrs. Dunk and Miss Peters.
Men's Doubles Championship - W.Gomm and K. Irvine.
Mixed Doubles Championship. - W.Gomm and Miss M. Vaughlan. (Extract,P.1, Standard, 14-6-1940.)


As I'm a Rosebud resident writing Red Hill history,I ask you to absorb a bit of Rosebud history. The clocktower near the Rosebud school was dedicated to Edna Dunk, a tireless community worker and,as you see,a very good tennis player. Outside Henderson's Real Estate in Murray Anderson Rd is a wooden statue of her father, Mitch(ell) Lacco, a famed builder of wooden boats.

Now for the person with a Red Hill connection. It was Billy Gomm of Somerville, who is a legend of the Somerville Football club,AS IS HIS BROTHER, GEORGE. George married Leila Wilson of Red Hill. (See Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND for a detailed history and genealogy of the descendants of the widowed Sarah Wilson, an early pioneer of the area near Safety Beach, and associated families such as the Connells and Laurissens. The Wilsons were also related to the Purves family and Petronella co-wrote Hec Hansen's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN,which has an account of Bobby Wilson's head being split open by an axe in 1902.)

George and Leila's son,Murray Gomm, told me of the adventurous life of George and Leila (managing a thoroughbred stud in S.A.,during which he played three games for Norwood, and giving Colin Hayes a start in the racing industry,opening a milk bar in Flinders in about 1952 and reviving the Flinders footy club, running a renowned dairy farm near Ipswich from 1960,development at Surfers Paradise, mining rare minerals and reviving a ghost town in the outback, and saving the Somerville Hotel when brother Billy almost had it closed because of his S.P.Bookie activities. (Page 18, THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.)

Two locals were recorded as donating to an appeal launched by the R.A,C,V.to provide ambulances to the A.I.F. abroad, A.B.W.Aumont,Red Hill and E. T. Gibson, Red Hill South.(P.3, Standard,28-6-1940.)

RED HILL ENLISTMENTS.
While many players from various Peninsula football clubs have joined the ranks of the A.I.F., Red Hill's
reported enlistments of 13 officials and players is one of the best local efforts so far recorded. The enlist-
ments include the president. (Mr. W.E. Craig), the vice-president (Mr.MacGregor), and the goal umpire
(Mr. Manning). Among the players who have enlisted are Eric Pritchard, Stan. White, R. Trewin, K. and G.Skidmore, E. Salmon, C. White, and P. Cleine. Gordon Humphrey, well known Peninsula cricketer, has also
enlisted. (P.6, Standard, 5-7-1940.)

Because of enlistments many clubs were having difficulty fielding teams, none more so than Red Hill.
(Mr. F. Volk, of Red Hill, told the meeting that his club was having great difficulty in fielding a team
each week. Half the Red Hill team had enlisted. Rosebud delegates said their team was having a similar difficulty. The League asked permission to field 16 players a side in B Grade. P.1, Standard, 5-7-1940.)
Naturally Depot had many players and fielded teams in both A and B grades but because many of the sailors had departed to war, their B grade team had to withdraw from the Grand Final against Red Hill. Depot was replaced by Dromana, which, aided by an injury to Fred Volk,won the premiership. Despite that, Red Hill did well to make the grand final under such circumstances and their 16 put up a grand effort with the best players being Volk, Edwards,Wiseman, Murray, Skidmore, Wilson and Trewin. "The Dromana captain (B. Guy) referred to the sporting manner in which Volk had taken his disappointing injury. He hoped that the teams would meet again next year. Both teams played 16 men a side." (DROMANA'S PREMIERSHIP Red Hill's Game Fight
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 30 August 1940 p 6 Article.)

THE END OF AN ERA.
The Shand steam saw mill was situated on Main Creek. Roberts Rd ran through an original crown allotment 20 in the parish of Wannaeue and, according to Keith Holmes, was created by the hauling of the sawn timber, whether because it was a short cut or an easier gradient than the south end of Main Creek Rd. The problem now is to find out who'd been operating the mill so many years later as everything was still in "good order".

SALE BY AUCTION MORNINGTON PENINSULA MAIN RIDGE
THURSDAY, AUG. 15, at 1 p.m. On the property of Late W. G. C.Roberts.
SAW MILLING PLANT
Blackstone crude. oil ,engine, 21 h.p. Clutterbuck Bros., in perfect order, spring injection "Premier" petrol engine, twin cylinder 12 h.p. stationary wooden saw bench, belting,Emery guillotine machine, Pulleys, 15 in. blade planing machine, Haigh & Co., England; vertical saw; iron frame, shafting, docking saw, tramway and two trucks, timber jinker, circular saws 24in., 30in., 36in., 38in., 14ft. 1.5 inch steel shafting, new, tip dray,
American forecarriage farm waggon,light, Sundries. Terms: Cash.

Directions: Take Melbourne - Red Hill - Flinders road, proceed as far as Main Ridge P.O.. and turn West.
No Lunch.
GEO. HIGGENS, Auctioneer, 108 Queen St., Melbourne and Red Hill. Phones MU1975 and Red Hill South 13.
(P.3, Standard, 9-8-1940.)

EXTRACT FROM P.4 HILL 'N' RIDGE RE THE METHODIST CHURCH. It's good to have confirmation of my belief, copied from my Dromana Pioneer Pathway journal onto several websites, that Red Hill residents found work at Alex Shand's saw mill.
In preparation for the 73rd celebration (five years ago) the Church hall was thoroughly cleaned. A plaque was
discovered - the script revealed by the efforts and elbow grease of the late Margaret Knox. It read:
In Memory of Alexander Shand who for 35 years was a preacher in the district and fell asleep on July 17th, 1907, aged 82 years also Charlotte his wife who fell asleep on June 21st, 1917, aged 89 years. Religious services were held in their home for 40 years. They sought the welfare of all and delighted in hospitality.

Many residents had supplemented their incomes by working at Alex Shands steam saw mill which provided timber for fruit packing cases and supplied the insatiable metropolitan demand for firewood and building timber.
(Hill 'n' Ridge - Red Hill District Lions Club
lionsredhill.vic.lions.org.au/.../hill%20'n'%20ridge%20community%20ne...)

Another article about the Shands discusses "a new road" giving access to Shand's mill. The writer presumed that the new road was Shands Rd but I believe it was Roberts Rd,thus creating the boundary between crown allotments 20B and 20C Wannaeue. Alexander Shand had settled on crown allotment 20 so his detour for hauling timber was through his own land. If I remember correctly, Shands Rd was the boundary between the parishes of Balnarring and Flinders (east of Main Creek),and Mr Roberts' grant was in the latter. Also in this issue is an article about Eatons Cutting Rd along which the Shand timber was taken from Red Hill to the pier at Dromana.
(Hill 'n' Ridge - Red Hill District Lions Club
lionsredhill.vic.lions.org.au/.../issue%2026%20-%20hill%20'n'%20ridge.)

N.B. WATSON EATON DID NOT START A MEDICAL DEGREE. HE STATED AT AN INQUEST THAT HE HAD NEVER ATTENDED UNIVERSITY OR HAD ANY MEDICAL TRAINING. BY THE WAY, WATSON'S GOLD MINING BROTHER WAS BERNARD EATON.




A WARTIME EMERGENCY
Fruit Packing Classes for Adults.
Because of the extreme shortage of fruit packers in Victoria, the Department of Agriculture is organising
apple and near packing classes for adults in various fruit districts during January and February, 1941.
Classes will be restricted to women and girls and to men and youths outside enlistment ages.

Each class will continue daily for a week, and if possible, prior to the commencement of the fruit season.
There is no charge for the instruction, but persons desiring to join these classes must apply to the Department of Agriculture before Tuesday, December 31, in order that the necessary arrangements can be made. Applicants will then be notified of the time, date, and nearest district in which a class will be held.
Tyabb and Red Hill have been chosen as centres for classes. (P.6, Standard,6-12-1940.)

1941.
Stan White of Red Hill and Peter Purves of Dromana (probably "Green Hills on Purves Rd)were among a number of Peninsula lads involved in the battle of Bardia. (Peninsula Men's Part in Battle for Bardia
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 7 February 1941 p 1 Article Illustrated)
On page 25 of MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN,Hec Hansen wrote:
During World War ii, my cousin Peter Purves was away with a few of the boys from Red Hill,including Stan White and Reg Sheehan. They were in the 6th Division.


LEADFOOT MILBURN!
Charged with driving a motor truck at an excessive speed on January 21, William Milburn, of Red Hill South,
was fined 2. Police gave evidence that Milburn's speed varied between 38 and 42 miles an hour. The truck
was loaded with a number of fruit cases, and Milburn gave as an excuse that he was in a hurry to get back with another load. The speed limit for the type of vehicle he was driving was 25 miles an hour.
(P.4,Standard,28-2-1941.)

WOUNDED.
Included in the wounded in action list are Pte. R. Ragg of Rosebud and Pte.J.Berkeley of Red Hill. Both
men are well known on the Peninsula. (P.1, Standard, 24-1-1941.)

PTE. J. B. PEEL
Another soldier, well known in the Red Hill district has also been killed in action. He is Pte J. B. Peel, aged
23 years, who was a farmer at Red Hill before the outbreak of war. His parents reside at Shepparton. At a
meeting of the Red Hill Comforts Fund Committee members stood in silence in respect of one who had paid the supreme sacrifice. Pte. Peel has two brothers serving, one with the R.A.A.F. and the other on mine sweeping duties overseas. (P.1, Standard, 24-1-1941.)

OUR HEARTS BLEED FOR YOU HASTINGS,HA, HA!
HASTINGS
AUTOMATIC PHONE.
Representations to the Postal Department for the installation of an automatic telephone at Hastings will
be made by the shire council. Cr.Gaskin reminded his colleagues that three years had passed since the
council first applied for an automatic phone at Hastings. The Department had then promised to keep in touch
with the situation. Red Hill, however, had secured this service before Hastings, in spite of the promise made. He moved that the council ask the authorities to honor the promise made, and, failing an automatic phone to give Hastings the benefit of a country service. (P.1s, Standard, 14-2-1941.)
N.B. Red Hill was in the Shire of Flinders and Cr. Gaskin was a Shire of (Frankston and?)Hastings councillor.

Colin McLear wrote much detail about the Chapman family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. I have specified the location of Thomas Chapman's farm somewhere in my Red Hill journals. I think it was between Blakeleys and Alf Head's (later Jarman's)near Stony Creek Rd. Nelson Rudduck married Jane Sophia Chapman (whose initials are inscribed on the beautiful "Piawola" just east of McCulloch St in Dromana); Cr Rudduck would have been their son,Ernie,after whom Rudduck Square near the Dromana Pier was named.
OBITUARY
MRS. T. CHAPMAN.
Mrs Kate Chapman passed away at her residence, Beach street, Frankston, on Saturday, March 1. Mr and Mrs. Chapman were old residents of Red Hill and since residing at Frankston have been closely connected with the Presbyterian Church. The funeral took place on Sunday, March 2, the remains being interred in Frankston Cemetery, where there was a large attendance of relatives and friends. A service was held at the home by Rev. F. Butchers, who also read the burial service. Her husband, two daughters and one son survive her.

The pallbearers were: Cr. Rudduck, Cr. Higgins (sic), Messrs. J. J.Griffiths (sic), R. Holmes, J. Watson,` E.
Trewin. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. E.Turner, V. C. Francis, E. Haig, C. J.Clarke.
(P.4, Standard,7-3-1941.)

HANSEN'S ROAD??????????
First of all, an apology. The author of MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN was Hec HansOn, not Hansen. I have been guilty of the same mistake as the person who wrote the following advertisement and I hope I remember to fix other references to Hec's surname.

The earliest assessment that I found for Hec's grandfather,Hans Christian Hanson, in Flinders and Kangerong ratebooks was in 1887. He was on 87? acres, half of William Hopcraft's grants fronting the east side of the northern end of Tuck's Rd. He later owned both crown allotments. Born in 1857,probably in Norway,Hans called Hopcraft's beautiful homestead, with its beautiful fruit tree-lined driveway, "Alpine Chalet". It seems that Tucks Rd was known by that name at Shands Rd, and Hansen's road at the Mornington-Flinders Rd intersection. Hosking's farm would seem to have been near No 105 or 114 Tucks Rd right near the Hanson property.

WEDNESDAY, 9th JULY
ALEX SCOTT & CO. PTY. LTD. Have received instructions from Mr T. HOSKING, who is giving up dairying, to sell on the property, 1 mile along Tuck's Road (first turn on right past Shoreham, on Flinders road; or take Hansen's road from Red Hill), on the above date, at 12 o'clock, the whole of his Dairy Herd and Plant: etc.
(P.3,Standard, 4-7-1941.)



SAVEY???????
My DAVEY journal is full of mystery but I now know that the Daveys of Red Hill were descendants of the Frankston pioneer who was an early squatter on the Ballanrong run near Mornington and the Kannanuke run on old Mornington Rd fronting the coast where he built Marysville. Robert's father had land in Wannaeue, Kangerong (Forest Lodge) and over Red Hill Rd in Balnarring (Seven Oaks and what became "Kentucky" and "Rosslyn", established by John (actually Peter) Shand and Mary (widow of John Huntley Jnr.)

MR. ROBERT L. SAVEY (sic.)
Mr. Robert Leeland Davey, who had not enjoyed good health for some time, died at his residence, 35 Ferguson Street, Williamstown, on Friday last. He was born at Red Hill and lived practically all his life at Frankston and Mt. Eliza. etc. (P.1, Standard, 17-10-1941.)


AUCTIONS
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 15
At half-past three on the property. Roberts Rd., Main Ridge, Red Hill
MORTGAGEE'S REALISING AUCTION
C. J. STEWART instructed by the Mortgagee will sell by public auction As above, all that piece of land
containing 25 acres 1 rood 22 perches or thereabouts being part of Crown Allotment 20C Parish of Wannaeue, County of Mornington, more particularly described in Certificate of Title Vol. 4149 Folio 829641.

The property is nicely situated 3/4 mile off the Flinders-Red Hill road, close school, P.O. and 4 miles Red
Hill Railway Station. Soil chocolate and loam, netted, fences, 15 acres been cleared, part rich flat, good 6
roomed residence, outsheds. Two acres fruit trees. An ideal gardening area.Can be improved to advantage.
(P.3, Standard, 7-11-1941.)

As mentioned in END OF AN ERA under 1940, when Roberts Rd was built it became a crown allotment boundary forming the western and northern boundaries of 20C Wannaeue, the eastern boundary being Mornington-Flinders Rd,the bounDary between the parishes of Wannaeue and Balnarring. The 130 acre property had been granted in 1902 to William Johnson who changed his name to Johnstone so he was not always receiving demands for payment of money owed by an unrelated Mr Johnson. (GIVING DESTINY A HAND, Petronella Wilson.) The property had been subdivided into farmlets because William's son, Christie, had married a Tuck girl and was now farming on part of the historic Mantons Creek run. See my journal HOW SARAH WILSON LED ME TO HENRY TUCK.

1942.
MR. F. J. McILROY
The death occurred at the Alfred Hospital on Thursday, April 2, of. Mr.Frederick Joseph McIlroy. He was
born at Red Hill and, had lived in this district all his life. His wife, only daughter and one son survive him.
The funeral took place on Saturday, April 4. A service was held at Fenton Hall, conducted by Rev. A. O. Horn
who also read the burial service at Dromana Cemetery. There was a large and representative attendance at Fenton Hall and at the Cemetery. Mr. V.Holmes, Chief Ruler of the Rechabite Tent, read the service of the Rechabites, of which deceased was a member.

The pallbearers were: Cr. Rudduck, Messrs. R. Holmes, H. Garhham, I.Clarke, E. Trewin, J. Sheehan, and the
coffin was borne by Messrs. W. Crow*, C.Crow*, C.Clarke, E.Garnham and H.Watt. (P.4,Standard,10-4-1942.)
*W.C.Crow and sons won prizes at the Red Hill Show in 1949.(P.9, Standard, 31-3-1949.)

N0T ME YOUR HONOUR.
Hec should have pleaded not guilty on the grounds that his name was not Hec Hansen.

HEADLIGHTS NOT SCREENED
Drivers Fined.
Failure to have the headlights of a car screened in accordance with brown-out regulations at Frankston on
March 23, at 10 -p.m., cost Reginald Mervyn Cookson, of Connell Street, Oakleigh, 3 at Frankston Court on
Tuesday. Police of the mobile traffic section said that when questioned, Cookson stated he had removed the screens from the headlights because they were not showing enough light, and he was afraid of hitting horses and cows in Frankston district.

On a similar charge, Hector Hansen, of Red Hill, was fined 1.Evidence was that the measures taken by Hansen to screen, the lights of the vehicle he was driving on March 14 were not effective. (P.4, Standard, 1-5-1942.)

MR. HENRY DAVIS
Mr. Henry Davis passed on at the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital on Friday, July 10. He was born at Red Hill, and resided all his life in the district. He enjoyed the friendship of a large circle, and was held in high
esteem. His wife and one son remain to mourn their loss. The funeral took place on Saturday,July 11, to Dromana Cemetery. A service was held at the home conducted by Rev. R. T. White who also read the burial service at the graveside before a large and representative attendance.
The coffin was carried by Messrs E. Bowring, E. E. White, C. Webb, J. Lowrey, R.Thurston and R. Wilson.
(P.4,Standard, 17-7-1942.)

1943.
SALE BY AUCTION ..RED HILL CLEARING SALE
Mr. R. BUTLER, of Clematis Orchard having sold his property, will hold a Clearing Sale of Implements, etc., on
the property WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15 1913, at 1.30 p.m. (Items deleted.)

This property is situate on the main Melbourne-Mornington-Flinders road, close to the Red Hill P.O.
All particulars from GEO. HIGGENS, Auctioneer 108 Queen Street,- Melbourne
Phone MU1975 and Red Hill Red Hill South 213.(P.3, Standard, 10-9-1943.)


RED HILL SALE BY AUCTION WEDNESDAY 20th at 1.30 on the property.
TUCK'S ROAD, Next to Mr ? Wilson's Orchard. Mr. S. Webb having sold his property, Mr George Higgens will sell by Auction: etc. (P.15-10-1943.)

The clues to the location of Mr Webb's farm are that it was on Tucks Rd and adjoined a Wilson property. George Wilson's grant 66A,Balnarring (Melway 255J1) was on Shoreham Rd,not Tucks Rd . I think Fernbank was also on Shoreham Rd and I can't remember who farmed it in the 1940's. However these two properties could be said to be next to Tucks Rd properties in that they adjoined the latter at Stony Creek.

George Wilson was granted 1A of A,parish of Flinders on 27-3-1903.The 239 acre allotment,reduced by 3 roods and 16 perches by the diagonal section of Roberts Rd just south of Shands Rd was bounded by the line of Roberts, Shands, Tucks and Barkers Rds. Such a large block was probably more suited to crops or grazing so I believe Mr Webb's property was 2A, Flinders across Tucks Rd, consisting of 79 acres 2 roods and 20 perches (Melway 255 E 1-2). Adjoining this on the east and extending to Mornington-Flinders Rd was 20C Flinders, granted to R.J.Wilson on 5-6-1941 and consisting of 30 acres,a good size for an orchard. Fingers crossed for an advertisement for Mr S.Webb's farm specifying crown allotments so we don't have to guess.(It's not looking too hopeful!)











PROPERTY AND CLEARING SALE RED HILL SOUTH SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 27
ALEX. SCOTT & CO. PTY. LTD.
have received instructions from Mr.A. E. Ratcliffe, who is giving up farming, to sell, by public auction,
on the farm, situate on corner of Stanley Road and Red Hill Road,1 1/4 miles from Red Hill Railway Station, on the above date, at one o'clock.CATTLE, PIGS, PLANT, ETC.

Also the Property about 2.30 o'clock. 95 acres 0 roods 27 perches, being part of Crown Allotment 78A Parish of Balnarring, County of Mornington; 9 acres apple and plum orchard, 16 acres rye grass and clover; portion partly cleared, balance timber. some suitable milling, watered by springs and creek. The improvements comprise dwelling(old), sleepout 12 x 18, feed shed, 3 small sheds, well situated overlooking Western Port Bay.
(P.8, Standard,19-11-1943.)

Crown allotment 78A Balnarring, granted to W.Gibson* on 22-7-1874 and consisting of 190 acres 1 rood and 14 perches,is on the northern corner with precise frontages to Red Hill Rd and Stanley Rd of 1114.47072 metres and 1024.54862 metres respectively.
(*William and John Thomas Gibson had settled there in 1871.(Dromana Pioneer Pathway.)
John Gibson was occupying 187 acres,Bittern from the Crown by 1881 while William,a bootmaker, was assessed alone on 78A. On 17-7-1886, William had been originally recorded as the occupant of 78A but was replaced by John, who continued as occupier of the whole 190 acres.

In 1909-10,John Thomas Gibson had 55 acres and buildings (A.No.69),William Gibson 95 acres and buildings (A.N.70)and John Thomas Gibson had recently sold 40 acres to A.W.Farrell of Balnarring.

In 1917-8, John Thomas Gibson's share of 78A had been reduced by 2 acres (A.N. 87), Albert C.Ratcliffe had William Gibson's 95 acres (half of 78A)(A.N.213.) and George C? Clark (Clarke?)had the 40 acres from John Thomas Gibson's half that had been bought by Farrell, and was later bought by Ratcliffe (A.N.58). Perhaps Ethel Bailey will be able to tell us which half Mr Ratcliffe had: (north,south,east,west?)
Ratcliffe was very involved in farmer politics which seemed strange to me. Did he take over the post office after he retired from dairying? I'd better chase up those articles!

1944.
I, Angelo Delgrosso, of Italian nationality, born at Colle, Sannita, Prov. Benevento,Italy, resident in Australia 6 years, residing at Red Hill South, intend to Apply for Naturalisation under the Nationality Act
1920-1936. (P.11,Argus, 29-2-1944.)

I found the following while idly doing a google search for Red Hill pioneers after bombing out on a trove search to find if E.and W.Milburn of Red Hill were related to Victoria's first irrigator of Keilor. Angelo was actually a bit late to be labelled a pioneer but the family is still here 77 years later.
Red Hill | The Brewer's Wife Blog
https://brewerswife.wordpress.com/tag/red-hill/

Delgrossos Apple Juice Co.
In 1937, Angelo Delgrosso was one of the pioneers of Red Hill. He set up his fruit and vegetable farm on Stanleys Road when it was a muddy track, no-one owned cars or trucks, and once a week, he used a sleigh with a couple of horses to haul his produce up the hill to Tar Barrel Corner.

Red Hill has many such quirkily named, colloquial local intersections, here he would be met by Chambers carriers who took his produce to markets in a truck.

Tony and Karen inherited half the farm, and have continued the family farming tradition, specialising in apples and apple juice and cherries when in season.......Right next door is brother Bruno & wife Julie Delgrosso. Also growing apples & cherries. Both their children help run the business which consists of a farm gate, markets and some diversification into an abundance of other produce
Address: 107 Stanleys Road, Red hill South.


Believe it or not,there was only one trove result for DELGROSSO, RED HILL so I deleted Red Hill from the search term and found:
I, Antonio Delgrosso of Italian nationality, born Colle Sanita, Benevento, and resident five years in Australia, now residing 64 Kerr Street,Fltzroy, intend to Apply for Naturalisation under the Nationality Act.
P.14, Argus, 5-9-1932.)

There's a fair chance that Angelo was related to Antonio and stayed with him while he familiarised himself with his new country.


The following building permits were issued by the Shire Engineer since the last meeting:-M. W. Brown, Red Hill, house; ......A. M. Lund, Red Hill, room; etc. (P.2, Standard, 13-4-1944.)

George Higgens was rated on land in the area with other members of his family with the same surname who were obviously not his sons. He owned land on Eatons Cutting road which is probably why Higgens Corner gained its name. The Dromana Historical Society has a photo of his real estate office at Red Hill. Like several other pioneers, such as the American brothers who established the famed Two Bays Nursery at the west end of Eramosa Rd, his surname was often rendered wrongly in newspapers, two versions appearing even in this obituary.At one time George's address was given in ratebooks as "Flagstaff Gardens". (See my SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.)

DROMANA.
OBITUARY
CR. GEORGE HIGGENS
Great regret was expressed throughout the Peninsula at the death of Cr.George Higgens, which occurred on
Thursday night, as the result of a motor accident on Point Nepean Road, near Mount Martha. Deceased's activities for the Peninsula were many. He was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for many years, representing the East Riding. He was Shire President on several occasions; past president of the Gippsland Shires and Boroughs Association, president of the Bush Nursing Hospital Committee, president of the Presbyterian Council of Churches on the Peninsula, president of Red Hill Scouts' Hall, and other sporting events; J.P.; real estate agent; land and estate agent, auctioneer, sworn valuer, valuer under National Security Regulations. At one time, curator of the Flagstaff Gardens, West Melbourne; foundation member Dromana Masonic Lodge. He was also a member of the Rechabite Lodge, holding the offices of same.

He leaves a wife and two married daughters to mourn their loss.Cr. Higgens had been ailing for some time, and was returning home after visiting his medical adviser when the car was hit by another car. The place of interment was the Dromana Cemetery. One of the largest funerals ever to pass through Dromana showed the respect in which he was held. Over 200 assembled to pay their lasting respect to a much beloved and respected citizen.
The burial services of the Presbyterian Church, Rechabite Lodge, and Masonic Lodge were conducted.The funeral was in the hands of James Wilson, undertaker, Mornington. Cr. George Higgins will live long in memories of this district
"For it isn't the marble, nor is it the stone,
Nor is it the columns of steel,
By which is the worth of an edifice known;
But by something that is living and real."
(P.2, Standard, 18-5-1944.)

DROMANA FAREWELL SOCIAL.
A farewell social was tendered a very popular teacher-H. W. Amos and his family. Mr. Amos has been promoted, and has moved to Clunes district. Mr. Amos has been in Dromana for a period of seven* years, ............. He was also an active member and president of the Red Hill and District Agricultural Society.................

Since war broke out he was a very active worker and secretary of the R.S.L., which he held till the notification of his removal, and was carried out with great credit to such a fine body of men. The Mothers'
Club, School Commmittee, V.D.C., R.S.L. and many friends decided to give him a rousing send off.........

Mr. Strickland, shire secretary said that when he found he had such a huge job to perform with arranging
wardens, etc., he was relieved of a lot of responsibility when Mr. Amos kindly consented to act.
(P.2, Standard, 25-5-1944.)
*It is possible that the secretary of the Red Hill show in 1932 and 1933,W.H.Amos of Red Hillwas the above teacher,in which case he might have taught at Red Hill before his seven years at Dromana.
Schedules for the general show or the dog show can be had post free on application to the secretary, Mr.
W. H. Amos, Red Hill. etc. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 4-3-1933.)

POSTSCRIPT- I had a feeling that a Mr Amos had taught at Red Hill and was about to check my notes on THE RED HILL when the late Hec Hansen (born on 14-2-1913) told me to read his book. There it was on page 12 of MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN.
"After the old school(Arkwells Lane-itellya) was closed down, another was built next to the Church of Christ. The teacher was Mr Harry Amos, one of the best to ever put a foot in Red Hill. He did however belt me a few times,which I presume I deserved,although on one occasion,he actually apologised to me afterwards in front of the class. Mr Amos had an orchard off Roberts Rd, Main Ridge,which I ploughed for him when I was 14."
THE RED HILL tells us that the second school opened on 16-9-1920 (with Richard Rodda* as head teacher) and that the second room was built in 1928 when H.Amos was headteacher.
*Mr Rodda was prone to fits and once fell into the open fire but was pulled out by Hec Hansen before anything other than his hair was singed. (Also page 12.)


RED HILL
A very successful picture night was held in Dromana on Wednesday in aid of the funds for Mrs. Radford's
house. It is expected to have about 20 in hand. Already the land, donated by Mr. E. Trewin, has been partly cleared by a working bee held last week, and plans for the building of the house are being made.

The Red Hill school hopes to have a permanent teacher at last-Mr.Keith Butler-who expects to take up duties after the school holidays.

The Emergency Group personnel have decided to carry on their work under Flinders superintendent (Mrs.Smith), Mrs. J. Holmes still being group leader. Main Ridge and Dromana are also thinking of linking up. Help may be needed in cases such as bush fires, and to that end the group is keeping together.

A very pretty wedding took place at Hampton when Mavis, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. K. Cleine, was married to Cliff, only son of Mrs. and the late Mr. Colliver. etc.

It is with regret that we hear that Mr. and Mrs. Brown, sen., have left the district. They have gone to their daughter's in Wangaratta, and it is hoped the change will benefit Mr. Brown, who has been sick.They both will be missed very much. (P.2, Standard,7-12-1944.)


1945.
(Extract only.)Miss Joan Brown has recently resigned her position as sewing mistress at the Red Hill South School. She is to be married early in April to Mr. Roy Neale, of Amphitheatre. Best of wishes to them both...
In the meantime, until another teacher is appointed by the Education Department, Mrs. Campbell is helping her husband by teaching in Miss Brown's place.

The Girl Guilds have resumed their monthly meetings. Mrs. P.Cleine is their captain, and her two lieutenants are Misses Alice and Norma Prosser*.

It is with deepest regret we report the death of Mrs. W. Wright at her home, "Wildwood." Mrs.Wright had just returned from hospital after an operation, and it was hoped she was on the way to recovery. Her passing will be felt by her many friends, and sincerest sympathy is expressed to her husband and family.

Mrs. Walter Wright, of "Wildwood", Red Hill, who died recently,had been resident of the district for 17 years. Deceased, who was born at Poowong, South Gippsland, was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. Burchett, well-known in the Poowong district. The late Mrs. Wright is survived by a husband, son and two daughters. Her remains were interred in the Dromana Cemetery. The service at the graveside was conducted by Mr. N. Kingston. Pallbearers
were Messrs. F. H. and E.C. Burchett and W. M. Wright** (son and brothers), Mr. N. S. Muir, funeral undertaker of Mornington, had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.3, Standard, 28-3-1945.)

* I wouldn't mind betting that this should be Prossor.
**Barry Wright, who is writing the history of his family and "Wildwood" (which has some excellent maps tracing the history of farm boundaries and much detail about the Hill Hillis/ McKeown connection)would be the grandson of Mrs Walter Wright (nee Burchett.)


BL88DY RED TAPE!!!
RED HILL, MAIN RIDGE,ARTHUR'S SEAT TO DROMANA BUS SERVICE.
RUN DISCONTINUED FROM MARCH 29.
Quite a deal of disappointment has been caused through the discontinuance of the above service.Mr. L. M. Shaw, of Dromana, who has been conducting the above service, sent a letter to the Flinders Council, enclosing a letter he received from the Transport Regulation Board. Mr. Shaw stated that as this was the fourth occasion on
which the Board had written to him with reference to his co-ordination with the Portsea Passenger Buses,
he wished to advise that the service would be discontinued as from 29th March. ETC.
(P.3, Standard, 12-4-1945.)
The Board would have thought it was perfect for Shaw's bus to arrive at Moat's Corner just after the Portsea Line bus had gone past so that Red Hill, Main Ridge etc. residents were stranded there for hours!

DROMANA
BUS SERVICE TO RED HILL AREA.
Mr. M. J. Shaw has advised Flinders Shire that his bus service to Red Hill area has been commenced with a
three day a week service. (P.7, Standard, 19-7-1945.)

RED HILL
DEATH OF RED HILL IDENTITY.
The death occurred at Red Hill of a well-known identity in the person of Mrs. Esther Marie Sheehan. The deceased was 76 years of age. The funeral took place at the Dromana Cemetery, Rev. Kingston officiating
at the graveside. Casket bearers were Sgt. R. Sheehan and S. Sheehan(sons), and Messrs Ken. Cleine, and ?.Cleine (son-in-law).(P.2, Standard, 24-5-1945.)

After checking A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA to see if Esther was the widow of one of the "Seawinds" Chapman brothers who went to W.A. during the 1890's depression, and returned to Red Hill after his death (and finding she wasn't), I did an ESTHER MARIE SHEEHAN google search and struck gold with the first result. Sheila Skidmore has good detail in THE RED HILL about the Sheehan arrival and marriage in South Australia and subsequent migration to Victoria's north west in the bullock dray which was a wedding present from Mr Ewers. After the Sheehan move to Red Hill circa 1887,one of the Sheehan girls visited her uncle who had remained in that distant area and was a station master. There she met William Holmes who was fortunate to find a job on the railways during the 1890's depression. So it was that the Holmes family moved to Red Hill. (Keith Holmes.)*
N.B. SEE COMMENT 2, "ORAL HISTORY". THE HOLMES/ SHEEHAN MARRIAGE APPARENTLY TOOK PLACE BEFORE THE SHEEHANS MOVED TO RED HILL.


SHEEHAN 9 Genealogy Page
www.reap.org.nz/~chris/shee9.html

John was the 9th child of Robert SHEEHAN and Eliza EWERS

Esther was the 8th child of Henry Rees and Maria Brady

John SHEEHAN (Jack)(07 Jun 1868 in Mt. Gambier, South Australia-1956 in Red Hill, Victoria, Australia)
m.Esther Maria REES (21 Sep 1868 in Avoca, Victoria, Australia Vic BDM 20925-04 May 1945 in Dromana Hospital, Victoria, Australia)


RED HILL
There is to be a sale of gifts in the Red Hill hall on Saturday, June 9, at 8 p.m. This is in aid of patriotic funds and hopes are expressed for good returns. Noticed on leave were Arthur Greaves and Keith Salmon. We hope
the rest will do them good. Mrs. Erskine, late of Red Hill, is staying with Mrs. Wilson. Her many friends are glad to see her. The date of the sale of gifts in aid of P.O.W. funds was inserted recently as June 6. Readers will please note that the date is Saturday, June 9, at 8 p.m. Don Schwab, Alan Ross and Ken Skidmore are home on leave. We are glad to see them, and hope the war will soon be over so they can come home for good.
(P.2, Standard,7-6-1945.)

RED HILL
All men, who were members of Dromana, Red Hill, and Main Ridge units, of V.D,C., are invited, with their partners, to a complimentary "winding up" dance at Red Hill Hall on 6th November, at 8 p.m. Ladies kindly bring a basket. Naval Depot Band will supply the music and items. Kindly accept this as a personal invitation and tell your comrades. Further particulars from T. Rudduck, Boneo, G. W. Brown,Dromana, A. C. White, Main Ridge,
H. Campbell, Red Hill South, J. Holland and G. Gourissen, (Laurissen?) Red Hill.

Two teams are functioning strongly in the district-Red Hill and Red Hill South-Shoreham. Both have entered
the Southern Peninsula Association,in which there are six other teams, Portsea, Sorrento, Rye, Boneo, Rosebud, Dromana.

A euchre party in aid of the Red Cross was held in the Mechanics' Hall on October 20. A cheque donated by
Mrs. Millington was won by Mr. E.Byrne. These parties are proving very attractive.

The death occurred of Mrs. Geo.Gibson on Saturday. Deceased had been ill for some time. Deepest sympathy is extended to Mr. Gibson in his sad loss. (P.2, Standard, 1-11-1945.)

1946.
DROMANA DADS' ASSOCIATION.
The branch held a very successful meeting at Red Hill. There was an attendance of 35 members.The Dads' are organising working bees and clearing returned men's blocks and generally assisting to re-establish orchards and farm lands. This work is being greatly appreciated by the men. Dissatisfaction was expressed by the meeting at the inability of returned servicemen to obtain suitable trucks to be used in connection with their business. (P.6,Standard, 14-3-1946.)

Sheila Skidmore wrote quite a lot in THE RED HILL about the Red Hill Cricket Club,including its original ground in McIlroys Rd. No wonder she knew so much about the club! The final was played on Rosebud's present Village Green which extended east almost to the recently built Rosebud Hotel.

RED HILL
No finality has yet been reached in the games between Dromana and Red Hill to decide the winner for the cricket season. The end seems in sight now, and one more day should see its conclusion. Last Saturday's play was interesting and at first favored Dromana very much as they were able to take their total to 197, partly thanks to N.Osborne, who scored 22 in a very short time.

The play started with Greer and Hosking, with the score at 3 for 131. Geoff Skidmore, who was bowling better, soon got a good one past Hosking, and out he went. Greer, after adding 7, also fell to the same bowler.
Each of the others made a few runs,and the innings closed when A. McKenzie was brought on and secured two quick wickets.

Red Hill opened their second innings at about 3.10 p.m., with Henry Holmes and Matt. Edwards (requiring 165 runs to win). Things looked good for Dromana when M. Edwards was caught by Hosking off his own bowling, for 7
runs. Ken Skidmore then went in and when stumps were drawn, was still in partnership with H.Holmes,making 74 between them. With only 70 runs needed and 10 wickets in hand, Red Hill looks promising, yet there is the glorious uncertainty about that anything may happen, and we are looking forward to the last day's play.
As the Oval at Rosebud will not be available on Easter Saturday, play will not be resumed until April 27.
Scores:
Dromana, First Innings, 131. Dromana, 2nd Innings, 197. Red Hill, First Innings, 164.Red Hill,-2nd Innings.--Henry Holmes (n.o.) 37; Matt Edwards 7, Ken Skidmore (n.o.) 41, sundries 10. Total 1 wicket for 95.
(P.6, Standard, 17-4-1946.)

RED HILL
Friday night , in Church of Christ Hall, was a very important night to six young lads. Three of them, Peter Wright, Robert Akister and Noel Richardson being passed on from the Cubs to the Scouts, and the other three boys, Brian Barnes, Teddy Littlejohn and Thomas Lowrie, becoming Cubs. The new Cubs especially were thrilled as they have been looking forward to joining the Cubs for quite a while. Both ceremonies were very impressive, and should remain in the minds of the boys concerned for a long time.

In lighter vein was the entertainment part of the evening, when, under the very capable leadership of Mr.Ron. Holmes, assisted by Mr.Ray Salmon, a "juvenile amateur hour*" was presented. The children performed their items
in one of the small rooms and an amplifier carried their efforts into the large room, where the listeners
recorded their votes for the items. It was altogether very interesting,and many of the children showed talent which should be encouraged.
(*Terry Dear ran a radio show called the Amateur Hour in Sydney which inspired copycat shows such as Christie's Auditions on 3UZ. Amateur Hour probably came into popular useage to describe all shows of this type.)

Also among the Scout news is the appeal by Scoutmaster Ron. Holmes for help in the building of the Scout Hall. This project has been in the minds of the leaders for a good while, but the war breaking out compelled the idea to be held in abeyance. -Now however, it is hoped to continue the work. Funds are needed and also a committee of men and women who have the work of the Scouts at heart. Any who are interested in this work for the boys are asked to get in touch with Ron. Holmes at Red Hill.

It is with regret we note that Mrs. W. Holmes is ill. At present she is with her daughter, Mrs. Prosser*. All her friends hope she will soon be well again. (P.2, Standard, 12-12-1946.) N.B. There was also a report of a Red Hill v Flinders cricket match with Mannix playing for Flinders.

*This should almost certainly be Prossor. My head starts spinning as soon as I look at genealogy,this by Ray Holmes and contained in Trevor Holmes' email, but I conclude that her daughter was Myrtle May,Mrs Norman Percival Prossor.
6.Myrtle May HOLMES (20 May 1892 Neuarpurr, Vic., Australia-9 Jul 1989)
m.24 Feb 1915 Norman Percival PROSSOR (27 Apr 1890 Victoria, Australia-24 Dec 1949)


1947.
Mr. and Mrs. C. Webb (and family) have sold their property and are leaving Red Hill. They will be missed, and their many friends wish them the best of luck. At present they are moving to Dromana so they will not be lost sight of altogether. (P.2, Standard, 20-3-1947.)

RED HILL v. DROMANA (Extracts only.)
Record Attendance at Dromana
True lovers of the King of Sports from Flinders, Sorrento,Frankston and other centres could be seen amongst the big crowd at Dromana last Saturday for the match, Red Hill v Dromana. The teams were from two of the smallest districts in the competition, but both field powerful sides. A nasty north-easterly made spectacular football out of the question.......Christie, Osborne and Pittock were outstanding for Dromana,and M. Mannix and Reg. Hitchener were doing a great job for the "red legs." (Quarter time)........ Red Hill have players equal to A grade in Max Mannix, L.Bright, Trewin, Hitchener- Bros:,Schwab, Delaney and Max's brothers, Gordon, Lex and Austin. Mat. Edwards, although getting on in years now, for football, still gives the Red Legs great service.
(P.6, Standard, Frankston,7-8-1947.)

About the players. Christie may have been Sandy Christie, inventor of the electric B.B.Q.(Alexander?),Osborne was probably Norm after whom the Nepean league B & F medal is named but I don't think Cr Graham Pittock was representing Dromana then. (See my Watson, Stirling journal.) The first fishermen at Flinders were Chinese but fishermen from Queenscliff, including the Mannix family, later settled there. (LIME LAND LEISURE.)

Man found shot at Dromana.
Walter Duffield, 49, was found shot dead at the rear of his farm at Red Hill, near Dro-mana, yesterday. A gun was lying alongside the body. The gun will be examined today by Inspector F. Hobley*, police ballistics expert.
Detective F. J. Adam, of the homicide squad, who went to Red Hill yesterday, will return there this morning to continue inquiries. Police have been told that Duffield was living in comfortable circumstances and had
bought his property early in August. (P.1, Argus,21-10-1947.)
(*Frederick Hobley, like Bullocky Bob White (baptised as Robert White, and granted land near Whites Rd as Robert James before he proposed to Miss Roberts), was a descendant of the James family of Main Ridge. See my journal FREDERICK HOBLEY WAS A PROMINENT MEMBER OF VICTORIA POLICE.)

STATE SCHOOL SUCCESS
THe Red Hill State School has been in the news lately, as some of the scholars have obtained wins at Melbourne, Bendigo and Mornington shows: The following, are the awards:-
Melbourne Royal Show,. - Shield and. Blue. Ribbon:- Won by Apple packing Class. (Elaine Emmott,Betty Akister, Grace Kerville, Enid Bowring, Malcolm Andrew and Robert Akister).
Melbourne Royal Show. - First prize: Betty Akister;
Mornington Show Shield: Won by Apple-packing Class;
Morningthon Show.-Equal first: Enid Bowring and Grace Kerville.
Bendigo Show.-Second prize won by Enid-Bowring. Highly commended: Malcolm Andrew.
Each member of the packing class received the Department of Agriculture certificate. Class average, 79.
Special class prizes donated by Mr. Butler were won by Elaine Emmott, 1st-. prize; Enid Bowring,2nd prize.
(P.5, Standard, 20-11-1947.)

1948. FAMILY NOTICES finished.
JOHN D. EVANS L. L.B. BARRISTER and SOLICITOR
Visits FRANKSTON Si2a Young St., (Above Fr. East P.O.), W ?edlnsdays and 'ridays S2.30 to 5. And Court days by. appointment. -
(Visits RED HILL- - -Near Red Hill South Station Thursdays, 1 to 2 p.m. (P.12, Standard,8-1-1948.)

HOLLAND-The Funeral of the late Mrs. HESTER ALICE HOLLAND will leave her son's residence, Red Hill South. THIS DAY, at 2 p.m.. for Dromana Cemetery. (P.2, Argus,19-1-1948.)

BALDWIN.-On January 15, at Mornington, Arthur Begg, son of late Mr.and Mrs. E. Baldwin. Kyneton, loved
brother of Menzies (Stanhope), Jeanie (Mrs. A. M. Perkin), Margaret, Esther (Mrs. H. J. Skidmore,Red Hill). (P.2, Argus,19-1-1948)

New store at N Merricks
A store with a 20,000-case capacity has been opened at Merricks North, near Mornington, by the Red Hill
Co-operative Cool Stores Society Ltd. With the Red Hill store the society now has room for 56,700 cases. The
new store will help local producers and provide work for local packers. (P.5,Argus,15-3-1948.)

W.Brace of Red Hill South was one of many Swan Hill residents to have moved to the peninsula.
SWAN HILL MIGRANTS MANY SETTLED ON PENINSULA
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 18 March 1948 p 11 Article

BROWN. In loving memory of our darling grandson John, who passed away suddenly on March 26. Always remembered. (Inserted by Mr. and Mrs. Alf Hansen (sic), Red Hill.) (P.2, Argus,29-3-1948.)

Alfred George Hanson married Frances Ada Elizabeth Purves on 14-8-1906. Their daughters were Adeline Vera Frances(b. 19-9-1908,d, ?), Pearl Rita Ellen (b.31-7-1920, d.?) and Bertha (b. and d. 1922.) I was about to search trove for a Brown - Hanson marriage but on checking the index of MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, I discovered that it was Rita who became Mrs Brown. "Rita had married her English sweetheart, Johnny Brown , in February 1940. It was now 1948 and Rita and Johnny were trying to come to grips with the sudden, tragic death of their son, John. Within two months they had moved to Mt Beauty,living in a caravan on the banks of the Kiewa River." (They stayed there for 36 years.) Hec Hanson had moved to Mt Beauty in the mid 1940's and when he heard there was a vacancy there for a butcher, he immediately informed his brother in law, B.J. (Johnny) Brown of Rosebud,who as stated above,arrived within two months.

Mr. Frank Williams, president of the Carlton Cricket Club for the past 25 years, has been spending a short holiday on the Peninsula with his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. D. Ponter*, of Red Hill South. Mr.Williams is delighted with Carlton's recent winning of the V.C.A. "A" Grade premiership and the club championship, and is looking forward to the celebration on Saturday in the Lower Melbourne Town Hall in honor of the occasion. (Table Talk, P.4, Standard, 10-6-1948.)

*This is sheer supposition but I believe that the surname could be Porter,although rendered in the article as Ponter, that D. stands for Dick and that the son in law was R.A.Porter of Red Hill South who won first prize at the 1949 show for best horse over hurdles-if D. did stand for Dick and R. stood for Richard. (P.9, Standard, 31-3-1949.)

ULBRICK & 'BILHAM AUCTIONEER, STOCK, STATION, REAL ESTATE, LAND AND COMMISSION AGENTS:.
VALUATIONS MADE - LOANS NEGOTIATED etc.
RED HILL SOUTH and FLINDERS REPRESENTATIVE Mr. JACK THOMSON* - Tel. Red Hill South 212.
(P.5, Standard,12-8-1948.) * See 12-1-1949.

ANNUAL MEETING. MORNINGTON PROGRESS ASSOCIATION.
The annual meeting of the Mornington' Progress Association was held at Campbell's Cafe, Mornington, last Friday.........

During the year, through the efforts of this Association, and that of Red Hill, a Council of Peninsula Progress Associations was proposed and agreed to by all Progress Associations on the Peninsula. This Council, which will deal, with problems common to all Peninsula Progress Associations, should prove very beneficial. Mr. John D. Evans,-who has been honorary solicitor to the Association, gave a fully-detailed account of the articles under
which this Council is being formed.(etc.) (P.8, Standard, 19-8-1948.)

M.P.F.L. Best and Fairest Player
The following are the umpires' votes for the leading best and fairest player for the 1948 season in the M.P.F.L. "A" Grade: Stone (Hastings),24; J. Coleman (Hastings), 20; Tindal (Frankston), 14.
"B" Grade: C. Wagner (Somerville). 18; G. Wills (Red Hill),16 ; S. Graf (Somerville)*, 15.
(P.9, Standard,9-9-1948.)

*A LOVE STORY FOR THE LADIES. Henry Gomm of Glenhoya at Somerville had grown up with Tommy Bent in the Moorabbin Shire and when Henry's daughter fell in love with the young station master, Henry asked the future premier to have him transferred,and he was,to Ascot Vale. Henry's daughter fled to young Graf and the couple was married at a quiet ceremony, sans the bride's parents. The couple was estranged from Henry but Paddy Gomm and his brothers helped them out whenever they went to Melbourne.After Henry's death Paddy encouraged them to return to Somerville. The Grafs inherited the Gomm sporting genes that made Billy and George Gomm legends of the Somerville Footy Club and it was a stalwart of the Somerville Cricket Club who suggested that Graf Rd be named after Shaun Graf who started his cricket career with the club. (Murray Gomm,son of George Gomm and Leila, nee Wilson, of Red Hill.)

At a special meeting convened by the Mornington Chamber of Commerce recently, to which the traders of Mornington were invited, 22 traders were present, while apologies were received from eight others. At this meeting the traders present decided that they would remain closed at lunch hour......

Shoppers' Bus for Mornington.
The proposal of running a shoppers' bus from Crib Point via Balnarring, Merricks, Main Ridge, Red Hill South, Moates'(sic) Corner to Mornington to leave Crib Point at 10 a.m., returning 2.30 p.m. on Wednesdays, was
agreed upon. Thirty-eight traders signified their willingness to sponsor this service which they consider will
be a great advantage to the township of Mornington, the Peninsula Bus Lines having received permission from the Transport Board to operate on this route.(P.5, Standard,23-9-1948.)

At a birthday party held in the Guide Hall, Mornington, on Saturday, Mrs. W. Watson,of Mornington, and Mrs E.A. Cook, of Red Hill, celebrated their birthday with a number of friends from various parts of the Peninsula.
(Table Talk,P.4, Standard, 11-11-1948.) Were they twins?

1949.
THOMSON.On January 9, at her home, Four Winds, Red Hill, Ethel Elizabeth, dearly beloved wife of
Don, and loving mother of Audrey and Jack*. (P.10,Argus, 12-1-1949.) * See 12-8-1948.

HIGH SCHOOL PROBLEM SOLVED
New Facilities at Red Hill and Rosebud
At its Friday's Council meeting, advice was received from the Minister for Education (through Mr. Leggatt*," M.L.A.) that the opening of a consolidated school at Red Hill and a new pre-fabricated multi-purpose school at Rosebud (with Technical School facilities) should enable all new pupils to be accommodated at Frankston High School for the beginning of the 1950 year. This would render unnecessary the re-establishment of 7-8 Grades at Frankston State School.(P.1, Frankston*** Standard, 15-1-1949.)

*Mr Leggatt opened the Red Hill Show in 1949.( Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 31 March 1949 p 9 Article.)The show was being run by a committee of the Red Hill Progress Association; the committee's president was Mr Milburn. It had been run by an Agricultural Society committee in earlier times but the war must have depleted the number of men available to form separate bodies, unless it was felt that an umbrella body such as today's Community Action provided a more effective use of volunteer residents' time.

**Before high schools were provided, children stayed at state (primary) schools till the end of year 8,the leaving age being a minimum of 14 until the early 1960's if I remember correctly. Successful pupils were awarded the Merit Certificate which enabled most children to get a good job or progress to high school. Both Essendon and University High Schools had their first intake in form 3 (year 9), their pupils coming from Central Schools at Princes Hill, Kensington and Moonee Ponds, which was a more economical system than grades 7 and 8 at every state school. Kensington also had a Post Primary Class for less-gifted children which was more hands-on,like a technical school; most of its pupils joining the work force at 14.

Because Frankston High was accepting children in Form 1, there would not have been room for all the children of this age. The initial intake at Rosebud High and the Red Hill consolidated school would allow pupils from the Shire of Hastings to be accommodated at Frankston High.

***The newspaper started as the Mornington Standard,the name causing great controversy until it was pointed out that Mornington was a reference to the county of Mornington, not the town,a huge circulation area that extended from Mordialloc Creek to Pt Nepean and into Gippsland. It was called the Frankston and Somerville Standard through the 1920's and 1930's with itsfocus on the shire of Hastings and then produced in Frankston as the Standard,with more emphasis on Frankston. Now it was the Frankston Standard. Its rival during this time was the Peninsula Post, based at the old Youth Club site in Wilson Rd,Mornington if I remember the details of a heritage study correctly. Unfortunately the Post is not on Trove.

PHOTO OF THE OPENING OF THE RED HILL SHOW.
Left to right: The Chief Secretary, Mr.W.W. Leggatt, who officially opened the Red Hill Show; Mr. W. F. Craig, vice-president of Show Committee; and Mr. Milburn, president. (P.16,Standard,31-3-1949.)

LEGION NEWS
The Frankston sub-branch of the Legion of Ex-servicemen and Women held a sand castle competition on the Frankston beach on Easter Saturday. (Results were:.....)
Toddlers.
Steven Lloyd, Frankston, 1; Arthur Frood, Red Hill South, and Mary Rumble, Frankston, equal 2. (P.3, Standard, 21-4-1949.)


No Title
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 7 July 1949 p 1 Article Illustrated
... RED HILL "B" GRADE/EOOTBAWI NIEM, 1949
A reasonably clear photo of the Red Hill B Grade football team of 1949, unfortunately without names.

Robert Bailey of Red Hill South was a member of the Frankston Standard's Children's Club. It's a fair bet that he lived in Baynes Rd. (P.11, Frankston Standard,1-9-1949.)

ROYAL MELBOURNE SHOW REPORT-DUAL PODIUM FINISH!
FRUIT
Apples
Apple Packing Competition Fruit Exporters Handling Committee Shield.
Red Hill South SS (Irene Edwards)1, Somerville SS (Julie Stamford) 2 Red Hill SS (Grace Kirville) 3
T. E. Butler- Special Prize: Red Hill South SS team. (P.12, Argus,26-9-1949.)

The Dog "Crib" FRANKSTON'S CANINE WONDER
A border collie dog who "does everything but talk," who understands every word spoken to him, who opens and closes gates, and fastens and unfastens high gate catches, and does many other remarkable things, was discovered unexpectedly by a "Standard" representative, after interviewing Mr. John McIlroy at his home, 19 Beach Street, Frankston, regarding gold mines.

Crib, who was three years old on September 2, is a big, handsome, intelligent dog, who came from the Camperdown district.(near another Red Hill-itellya.) His mate, Bonnie, is four years old.The pair have produced five valuable pups which their owner markets at 3/3/ for males ,and2/2/ for bitches. "Crib, the Wonder Dog," who
appears to be able to do everything else but talk and read " The Standard" (we have not tried him on that till this story appears in print), has sired three successive litters of pups each of eight pups, and each consisting of six males and two females-a unique and remarkable happening in dog-breeding records.

Mr. McIlroy has been a cripple since the pole of a "forest, devil" struck him in the" back" 34 years
ago at Red Hill. He was on his back for 23 weeks following the accident.

(P.6, Frankston Standard, 5-10-1949.)
What the heck was a forest devil? Beautifully explained on this website:

lifeasdaddy: Do you know what a Forest Devil is? Clearing ...
lifeasdaddy.typepad.com/.../do-you-know-what-a-foret-devil-is-clearing-...


Professional history is usually organised in themes,but mine is more a matter of simply providing information for family historians,because the professionals don't do so,usually overlooking the many little people who contributed to communities in the early days and plucking out one or two pioneers to illustrate a theme. That was why I went from reading history to writing it as a bicentennial project.However themes sometimes emerge from my research.

One of these is how young men in country areas (such as Tullamarine and miles around and the Mornington Peninsula) met their brides. Usually they married their neighbours but there were three exceptions to this rule,in the 1890's,early 1920's and latter 1940's. They still married their neighbours but not in their native place. Many Peninsula lads tried their luck in Western Australia during its gold boom that took place while the rest of the country was crippled by the 1890's depression. The Chapman brothers of "Seawinds" were among the exodus, one having already married Miss Sheehan, who returned to her family after his death. Harry Falby Gomm of Somerville was another and established a pioneering dynasty in W.A.

The world wars were responsible for the second and third exceptions. The lads' social circles revolved around their training camps,often interstate (especially during W.W.2) and dances organised in nearby towns. Although I have not made a special study of it, it would seem likely that some peninsula girls married men,including Americans, based at camps near Mornington. Another way lads might meet lasses (who lived far away) because of war could be mateship forged on the battlefield. I wonder whether Sid Sheehan and Brigadier Sheldrick were together in the 6th Division!

At Scots Church
Scots Church, Collins st, was the setting yesterday for the wedding of Doreen Margaret, second daughter of Mr and Mrs S. Sheehan, Red Hill, with Herbert Mearns, second son of Brigadier and Mrs H. Sheldrick,Box Hill.
The bride wore a three-tiered tulle veil with her gown of Chantilly lace and tulle over slipper satin.
(P.7,Argus,24-11-1949.)
My sick sense of humour makes me say this. I wonder if Doreen's bridal gown was expensive or she got it for a SONG!

The following bridegroom might have been a resident of OUR Red Hill and a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells who was a Sorrento pioneer before settling in Frankston; if not,this article still illustrates how far afield marriages took place.

THE marriage takes place in St Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, today, of Patricia Jacqueline, daughter of Colonel and Mrs Frank Wells, of Red Hill, to Major Graham Stewart Allen, only son of Mr and Mrs Keith Allen, of Lane Cove, NSW. The bride is an old Ruytonian, and the bridegroom is on the Australian Army Staff stationed
in London. The couple will spend their honeymoon touring the Continent by car.(P.11, Argus,8-7-1949.)


1949 SUMMARY.
AFTER TRAWLING THROUGH COUNTLESS IRRELEVANT RESULTS, AND FINDING,CORRECTING AND REFORMATTING MANY ARTICLES FOR 70 MINUTES, A GAME APPEARED ON THE SCREEN INSTEAD OF THE FAMILY TREE CIRCLES EDIT PAGE. WHEN I CLOSED THE GAME MY EDITS ALSO DISAPPEARED. A SUMMARY WILL BE GIVEN USING MY SEARCH HISTORY.

The Standard Thursday, March 31, 1949.
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 31 March 1949 p 16 Article Illustrated
... Red Hill Show; Mr. W. F. Craig, vice-president of Show Committee; and Mr. Milburn, president.
PHOTO OF OPENING OF SHOW. LEGGATT,CRAIG AND MILBURN INDICATED IN CAPTION.

TWENTY-FOUR-YEAR-OLD MARGARET MORAN, a migrant from England now living at Red Hill, on
the Mornington Penninsula claims to have been a close friend of John George Haigh {right), who has been
charged with murder of Mrs Olive Durand-Deacon by British police investigating the "acid-bath
murders. Miss Moran says she met Haigh when she was a maid at Onslow Court Hotel, Queensgate,
London. PHOTOS OF MARGARET AND THE MASS MURDERER.(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 10 March 1949 p 3 Article Illustrated.)

GYMKHANA AND [?] SHOW.
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 3 March 1949 p 8 Article
... from the secretary, Mr. Bar? 25 King George's Avenue, Mor ington (phone 404), or ?. Woodward. Red Hill

It was at this point that I mentioned that the historic connection between Red Hill and Dromana seemed to have been partly replaced by a greater connection with Mornington. Why would Woodward (no initial visible because of the curve of the page but digitisation otherwise fixed by prediction-not phonics, Mr Dixon and Mr Pyne!) be supporting a show at Mornington a matter of weeks before the Red Hill Show? Part of the answer is that Mornington,Red Hill and,I think, Dromana, had combined in earlier days to conduct shows twice yearly with the venue alternating- not sure when.

The rest of the answer would seem to involve Eatons Cutting road, William Calder of "Four Winds", Mr Shaw of Dromana and the Mornington traders. There were three mountain tracks that connected Dromana and Mornington. James Holmes of Red Hill often used Bryans Cutting (whose north end is Hillview Quarry Rd)according to Ewart (Melbourne) Brindle's extraordinary map of Dromana but in 1913 he and his family were almost killed on Eatons Cutting road. Two years later Mr Thiele,a village settlement pioneer,was killed on the dangerous Eatons Cutting road.

MOTOR-BUGGY OVERTURNS.
FAMILY'S ESCAPE.
DROMANA, Monday.- On Saturday
night Mr. James Holmes and family, of
Red Hill, met with an accident. Mr.
Holmes and family had spent the evening
on the beach, and were returning in a
motor-buggy. In Eaton's cutting the chain
came off, and, the brakes refusing to act,
the buggy ran back down the hill and,
overturning, rolled down the gully. The
family escaped with a few bruises, but Mr.
Holmes received a gash on his hand, and
Mrs. Holmes was badly bruised and
shaken. (P.7, Argus,9-12-1913.)

Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of
the Red Hill district, were driving to
wards Dromana. When descending
Eaton's Cutting, the horse bolted. At
a dangerous turn in the road the wheel
left the buggy, and the occupants were
thrown out. Mr Thiele's neck was bro
ken, and he died almost immediately.
Mrs Thiele is suffering from bruises
and shock. (P.24, Weekly Times, 1-5-1915.)


The condition of Eatons Cutting road was not improved by some residents, such as Alf Head (presumably Junior), dragging logs like sleds down the road.

DROMANA COURT.-At the last sit
tings of the Dromana Court, before
Messrs N. Rudduck and .G. McLear,
J's.P., Mr , Fulton, shire secretary, pro
ceeded against Alfred Head, of Red
Hill, for wilful damage to the road
known as Eaton's Cutting, by trailing
timber or heavy material. After hear
ing the evidence, defendant was fined
10s, and 2 12s 6d costs. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 11-4-1908.)


The Country Roads Board was formed, with William Calder*(after whom the Calder Highway was named) as its chairman at about the time of the near fatality of James Holmes' family on Eatons Cutting Road.
25 Oct 1929 - The Argus - p14
nla.gov.au/nla.news-page474381
The country home known as The Four Winds at Red Hill, which was the property of the late Mr. William Calder, chairman of the Country Roads Board, has been...

Main roads around Red Hill were improved and soon White Hills Rd offered a good route to Melbourne and,of course, Mornington, by-passing Dromana. With Mr Shaw of Dromana providing a Red Hill/Main Ridge bus service to link with the Portsea bus (ended temporarily because of BL88DY RED TAPE but resumed after a shire protest) and later, apparently, a shopping bus subsidised by Mornington traders, the hinterland residents would have seen the old Schnapper Point as an attractive shopping destination,a bit more like a visit to the "big smoke" than Dromana.

*William Calder was a driving force behind the Red Hill Show for many years and his death left a big hole to fill (No, not his grave, silly!)His son designed the new Shire office built at Dromana in 1928.

The show was opened by Hon. Alfred Downward, Minister of Lands.
He was introduced by Mr. W. Calder,president of the Society, better known to residents of the Peninsula as chairman of the Country Roads Board. Mr Calder has established his home at Red Hill, and his splendid property
was visible from the show grounds. (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 26-3-1926.)




1951,(and 1952 and 1953.)
Red Hill's netball team wins three consecutive premierships. Members of the team photographed,possibly in 1951,were Dot and Elise Hansford,Amy Lowrie, Joyce Worley,Glenda Trinham,Bev. Laurissen and Ethel (the wing defence.) (See Ethel Bailey in PEOPLE SEARCHES.)

MISS KATHLEEN BURTON,only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Burton, of Pine View, Merricks North, wore a satin
wedding gown and fingertip tulle veil for her marriage to Mr. Raymond Eden Holmes, younger son of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Holmes, Brockenhurst, Red Hill, at the Presbyterian Church, Frankston.Bridesmaids were Miss Mary Robb, of Merricks North, and Miss Marie Eaton, of Cobram. Mr.Edwin Holmes was best man.(P.8, Argus,3-3-1951.)

1953.
'White elephant' railways to close
Three country branch railway lines which have been losing money heavily will be closed permanently on June 28.
The condemned lines are:
Redesdale Junction -Redesdale: A 16-mile long branching of the Bendigo line.
Korumburra - Jumbunna: A six-mile branch of the Melbourne-Leongatha line.
. Bittern-Red Hill: A 10-mile branch on the Mornington peninsula.
The orders for the closing of the lines were recommended by the Joint Transport Research Committee, approved by the Government, and announced by the Railways Commissioners last night.

The committee found that very little rail traffic had been moving on the three lines for some years, and that the regions served by the lines were now adequately served by road transport. (P.14, Argus,1953.)

1955.
MR. H. V. HAWLEY, of Eton's (sic)Cutting, Red Hill,wins himself a guinea with a very timely hint for this
heat (puff-puff)wave!Mr. Hawley never worries about his favorite shrubs folding up under a fierce sun if he has
to go away for the weekend or a few days.

"Drill a tiny hole in th bottom of a large tin," he suggests. "Fill the tin with water and st it by plants or shrubs. It will give a constant flow of moisture during dry weather." Mr. Hawley also suggests using the tins for tomatoes. It prevents fruit splitting too, he adds. (P.46, Argus, 22-1-1955.)

The Prossor,Holmes and Cline families won most of the prizes for fruit at the Red Hill Show. I have speculated in another journal that Rattray from Tasmania who won the woodchop, might have been related to a former Red Hill resident of that name. K.Cleine was most likely the K.Clune who in 1949 was acting as an agent for Muir, (an undertaker based in Main St,Mornington.)
Fine fruit at Red Hill Mornington, Sunday
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 28 March 1955 p 9 Article

JARMAN. - On December 6, at Melbourne. Violet May, daughter of the late Wallace and Daisy Jarman. Devonia. Flinders road,Red, Hill, sister of Daisy (Mrs.Heskett), Fred Dorothy (deceased), Arthur, and George.
(P.17, Argus, 7-12-1956.)

PEOPLE SEARCHES.
FRED VOLK.
My previous Red Hill research led me to conclude that I would have loved to see Fred Volk play. But I didn't realise that he was a teacher. If Jack McMillan hadn't been playing at the same time,Fred might have set the goalkicking record that Deadshot Jack (John Coleman) eventually smashed. Fred was still Red Hill's captain in 1940 but had moved to Carrum by 1947 and was soon transferred to Hepburn.

PERSONAL.....Fred Volk, captain of Red Hill is again in good form this season and takes football seriously, and (marks?)cleanly and well. He added ? goals to Red Hill's score on ? Fred is a school teacher, and (does?) his best to impart his (love of?) manly sports as well as the ? to his pupils.
(P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 31-5-1935.)

STUDENT KICKS 105 GOALS IN PENINSULA LEAGUE
Leading goalkicker in the Mornington Peninsula League is an 18-year-old high schoolboy. Jack Coleman, who has
scored 105 goals in 15 matches. His total almost doubles the number kicked by any other player in the competition, and with his club, Hastings, in the four, he has a chance of breaking the all-time record of 117 scored by McMillan. Second and third on the goal list are two Seaford players, G. Wakefield and Harry McComb. Then come Prendergast (Frankston), Ansell (Frankston), and Fred Volk (Carrum). ......

VOLK FOR HEPBURN
Fred Volk, captain and coach of Carrum, has been appointed headmaster of the Hepburn State school,and leaves on September 5 to take up his teaching duties. Volk has been one of the most popular and accomplished sportsmen in the Peninsula district.
(P.18, Argus, 14-8-1947.)

LILY MARSH.
I wasn't actually searching for Lily but I found a photo of the opening of the new school at Red Hill, Red Hill South, whose first teacher (Miss/Mrs?) Lily Marsh is in prominent view. The school opened in 1932,before the era in focus, but some older current and former residents would have attended school there before the Consolidated School was established.
NEW SCHOOL AT RED HILL
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 23 February 1932 p 5 Article Illustrated

ETHEL BAILEY.
I've had the pleasure of doing museum duty with Ethel and if I remember correctly,her mother was a Gibson girl born (in 1884) on the family's grant (78A Balnarring,north corner of Stanleys and Red Hill Rds.) Her mum moved her family into Baynes Rd in 1931 and the children should have been original pupils of Lily Marsh at Red Hill South (and been in that photo) but they attended the Red Hill school on the second (St George's church) site until Easter so that school's teacher salaries could be justified.See page 2 of this PDF.
Hill 'n' Ridge - Red Hill District Lions Club
lionsredhill.vic.lions.org.au/.../lionsredhill.../issue%2023%20-%20hill%2...

FARMS.
The following was written in 1902 but as many farm names remained despite change of ownership, or former occupants of farms occupied post 1940 are known to later owners, it will be of interest to old time residents. Also,Red Hill residents were known to undertake long walks to some of the farms mentioned to enjoy a cuppa with an old friend.


I did a search for Little Bridge Farm,
Established early by Mr McIlroy;
Found some articles that can do no harm
And in fact might bring great joy.

They stray from Red Hill down Memory Lane
To Kent Orchard and Westward Ho
And I hope you will not complain;
Here are pioneers and farms that you might know.

Is this another poem by Henry Tuck?
Sorry readers,you're out of luck.
RFG 31102014.

Where possible,the crown allotment details and a Melway reference will be given for farms. To find the appropriate parish map, google:
kangerong,county of mornington;
wannaeue,county of mornington;
balnarring, county of mornington;
bittern,county of mornington;
flinders, county of mornington.



AROUND RED HILL.
SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED
[By Our Special Representative.]
Red Hill, with its rich soil and fine climate, bids fair to become in the near future one of the great fruit
producing centres of the State. It is badly handicapped now in not having ready means of transit to Melbourne, but the matter of a railway there is already being considered by the Minister, who has indicated that he views the project favourably. At present growers have either to make a ten-mile trip to Bittern or go fourteen miles to Mornington to get their produce to the train. When this railway is constructed, Red Hill is bound to make great headway. For strawberries and other small fruits, as well as apples, pears, plums and cherries, the
district is admirably suited. Vegetables and general crops also do splendidly. In short, anything will grow
here, and grow well. Brief descriptions of some of the properties are appended:

"HILL-SIDE" ORCHARD. (c/a.15A, Kangerong, almost 105 acres,granted to J. Holmes,gardener,who was not related to the later pioneers of that name; Melway 191 E3, and parts of E-F4 and F3.
This orchard, which belongs to the Misses Huntley, is somewhere about 12 acres in extent, and is noted for its
large yields of fruit, especially of cherries and plums. It is situated in a well-sheltered valley and is perhaps the most thoroughly-drained garden in the locality. Of cherries, Black Margaret do exceptionally well; and of plums, the most successful seem to be the Pond's Seedling. Apples and pears grow to perfection, and the same may be said of the strawberries and raspberries, for which the Red Hill soil and climate seem eminently
adapted.

" LITTLE BRIDGE FARM."
Leaving " Hillside," we strike Mr Wm. J. McIlroy's "Little Bridge Farm," containing about 490 acres, of which forty or so are under orchard. It seemed to us that Mr McIlroy had not made the best use of his garden, systematic ploughing between the trees, for example, having to a certain extent been neglected. Otherwise, however, the garden looks well, and produces an abundant supply of fruit. Of apples,the Winter Strawberry variety is extensively grown, also Stone Pippin, Reinette de Canada, Alfriston, and the Scarlet Nonpariel. Of pears, the Napoleon and Beurre de Capiamont look nice, and of plums, the Diamond variety attracted our notice most.Mr .McIlroy has about seven acres under strawberries also.

It is strange that the recent death of William McIlroy was not mentioned.
RED HILL
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Mr Wm. M'Ilroy, of Little Bridge Farm, died last Saturday morning, after a long illness, having been confined to his room for the past fifteen months. Deceased was 84 years of age and well-known throughout the Peninsula, being a very old resident. He arrived in the colony in 1854 and for 11 years carried on business in Melbourne. He came to reside here in 1865, and turned his attention to fruit growing, being one of the pioneer orchardists of the district. He had to face many difficulties in the old days, with bad roads, etc. He regularly carted his fruit through to Melbourne till about three years ago. He leaves a family of six, thirty-nine grand-children and -nine great-grand-children. The funeral, which took place on Monday, was largely attended, Mr P. S.
Watsford conducting the service. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 8-3-1902.)



"FOREST LODGE"
This property, about 200 acres in extent, formerly H. P. Davey's, is now owned by Mr Clark, who comes from New South Wales. The homestead commands a magnificent view Of Westernport Bay. The property is well laid out, and contains some very rich soil. There are about 30 acres of crop for hay, and about five acres of orchard of mixed sorts, splendidly situated and sheltered.


JONATHAN DAVIS'.
Facing the Port Phillip side, and giving a good view of the Bay, lies Mr Jonathan Davis'. He has 40 acres
or so, with six acres of young trees coming on, consisting mostly of apples of the Rokewood, Alfriston and
sopus Spitzenburg varieties; also some cherries, and the usual patch of strawberries, without which no Red
Hill orchard is considered complete. Mr Davis goes in for dairying as well,being the lessee of a 60-acre paddock, owned by Miss Strong, which he uses for grazing. He has a separator, and supplies butter to one or two of the storekeepers in the district.


JAS. DAVIS
has five acres under fruit, which yields well. His chief varieties are cherries, plums, apples and pears.

R. WHITE'S.
Mr White's property comes next. He, too, has a good residence site, giving a fine view of the Bay. Mr White has some fruit trees and a small crop.

Red Hill had two people called Robert White in the same era. This Robert White was known as "Blooming Bob" White (who despised swearing and used this alternative a lot) and from 1875 to about 1992,he was a pioneer of Rosebud,owning Section 18 Wannaeue, bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd. By 1890 he had bought 27 acres in White Hill Rd on the north corner of McIlroys Rd, consisting of three Red Hill township blocks of about 9 acres each.

His sister married one of the James boys who lived near the future Main Ridge cricket ground but because of the difficulty of obtaining a minister, the ceremony did not take place until after young Robert's birth so his name on his birth certificate was recorded as Robert White. Brought up as Robert James, and granted c/a 27A, section B, Wannaeue under that name, he discovered his original name on the document he required to marry Miss Roberts. He was a bullocky and became known as "Bullocky Bob" White; he and Edward Williams carted the old lighthouse to the Arthurs Seat Summit as a lookout tower, and Whites Rd,off Purves Rd was named after Bullocky or his descendants.

There's plenty more to tell, such as the White connection to the Hillis family and the Cairns connection in Clackmannon, Scotland, but if you want to know it all,you'll have to private message family tree circle's Toolaroo, who lives in N.S.W., and ask him if there are any spare copies of his book, "Peninsula Pioneers".



WHEELER'S.
Mrs Wheeler has the Post Office and Store, which has been established for over 30 years. There are about
seven acres of orchard attached to the property, mostly young trees; also a little strawberry plantation, as well as a crop.

After Mr Wheeler's death his widow and descendants carried on the post office for many years. The post office still has the postal boxes at the front but is a private residence. The township blocks were on both sides of White Hill Rd near McIlroys Rd, as you will see in the middle of the Kangerong map. Recently known as the Post Office Art Gallery and now just plain 710 White Hill Rd, the old post office,about which there will be much information in Helen Blakeley's forthcoming book,is located in Melwaay 160 K12.
HILL'S.
Up the hill from Wheeler's is Mr
Hill's property, comprising about 12
acres, situated on a well-sheltered
slope. A 6-roomed house is erected
here. The orchard is a young one,
planted about three years ago. Be
sides the usual varieties, there is an
acre of lemons, which are looking
fairly well. Mr Hill is at present a
resident of St. Kilda, but it is under
stood intends to take up his abode
here shortly.
F. & H DAVIS'.
Opposite is Messrs F. and H. Davis'
who go in for potato growing. They
have been very successful with this
crop, having had as much as 10 tons
to the acre. They also cultivate maize
and peas, and have an acre or so of
strawberries
ARKWELL's,
Were a prize awarded for the best
kept orchard in the district, the Messrs
Arkwell would have a big say in it.
Their 20 acres are well laid out, with
the trees trimmed up in the proper
style, and the whole presenting a nice,
neat appearance. They have about
9 acres of strawberries in. The late
Mr Arkwell was, by the way, the
pioneer grower of strawberries in this
district. Besides fruit, they make- a
speciality of flower growing, and send
Large quantities of blooms and bulbs
to Melbourne florists, chiefly daffodils,
tulips and hyacinths.
T. CLEINE'S.
On the opposite side is Mr Thomas
Cleine's. Here there are eight acres
of orchard in the young stage, three of
which were planted this year, and the
remainder is just about coming into
bearing. Strawberries are planted
extensively. This property promises
very- well.
WISEMAN'S.
Opposite Mr Cleine's is the State
School and Mr Wiseman's blacksmith's
shop. Mr Wiseman, an old and re-
spected resident here, has about 200
acres altogether, a small portion of
which is planted with fruit.
JOHN SHEEHAN's.
A little higher up the road is Mr
John Sheehan's. This orchard is
divided into two, one portion being
devoted to cherries, and the other to
apples, pears and lemons. The last
named have been planted about two
years, and look very well. There is
every reason to believe the lemon will
do well here. More land is being
cleared on this block, with a view to
extending the orchard.
BLALEY'S.
Mr Blakley has a nice property, on
which there is a commodious villa.
He has about 20 acres of orchard in
full bearing, giving very heavy yields.
There are several strawberry plots, and
about 20 acres under crop. Mr Hunt,
late of Wandin, manages this place.
HOSKEN'S.
Mr Hosken's is another example of a
well-kept orchard. He grows apples
mostly, also some pears, and straw
berries, of course.
"FERN VALLEY."
Mr A. C. Head has a nice property
in "Fern Valley." His orchard con-
sists of something like 15 acres, most
of the trees being young ones that
are just coming into bearing. Mr
Head cultivates vegetables largely,
growing very fine crops of peas, beans,
potatoes and other sorts, which do
well here in the summer months and
find a ready market in Sorrento and
other places, He is also very success
ful with hay crops.
J. HOPCRAFT'S.
A splendid flower garden surrounds
Mr Hopcraft's house. He has a nice
little orchard and a vegetable garden;
also a number of walnut trees. These
yield splendidly, and Mr Hopcrat finds
no difficulty in disposing of the nuts.
HOLMES'.
Mr Holmes has the property formerly
in the possession of the late Mr John
Sheehan, senr. It is nicely laid out
and well stocked with apples, pears,
cherries and plums. Several acres are
used for cropping.
THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT.
Next we come to the Village Settle-
ment, and the first place looked at we
Mr Tom Sandlant's. Four or five
years ago this block was heavily tim-
bered, but Mr Sandlant has it fairly
well cleared now, and has a well-kept
strawberry plantation of 4 acres,
besides a tidy-sized bit under crop.
On Mr Chas Thiel's block, adjoining,
some good work has also been done.
There are five acres of orchard, and a
nice lot of strawberries, besides Cape
gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries,
and red and black currants, all of
which are looking well.
Mr E. Bowring has made a great
improvement in his block, since his
occupation of it some 12 months ago.
He has a couple of acres of orchard
coming on, and another two acres of
strawberries in, also currants and
raspberries. He is very successful
with summer vegetables. Mr Bow-
ring is having a 4-roomed house erected,
the work being carried out by Mr
Thos Harvey.
Mr H. Prosser has the adjoining
block, and has about 10 acres under
cultivation, six of which are growing
fruit trees, most of them coming into
bearing. Mr Prosser has for some
years been a very successful exhibitor
of fruit and vegetables at the Dro-
mana show, carrying off some of the
chief prizes in each section. He grows
some specially fine black currants.
Mr Nash has about six acres,
planted with the usual fruits, and has
more land cleared and ploughed for
extension purposes.
Mr Marshall has devoted his atten-
tion largely to peaches and apricots,
but they do not seem to be quite so suc-
cessful as the more general kinds of
fruits grown about here. He grows
vegetables and strawberries also. This
place is kept in very nice order.
Mr Harvey, of "Fernside," has
nine acres under cultivation, all or-
chard. Five acres are planted with
strawberries and Cape gooseberries.
The orchard is a very compact
one--a model of neatness. Mr
Harvey has a quantity of passion
fruit--along white variety, resembling
the grenadillo-which is laden with
fruit, ripenig fast; also some Japa-
nese plums. He is extending his
orchard.
Mr T Parry has 23 acres under or-
chard, planted this year.
Mr Neave has four acres under cul-
tisation, two of which have just been
ploughed. At present he is going in
for strawberries principally.
Mr Davidson is also devoting his
attention to strawberries.
SIMPSON'S.
Mr Simpson has some 20 acres of
orchard and about 12 acres under
crop. He has seven or eight acres
planted with strawberries. His place
has a neat and trim appearance, the
orchard particularly being well cared
for.
CHAS. CLEINE'S.
Mr Chas Cleine has some 20 acres
under orchard, which has come to be
noted for its large cherry yields.
These generally come in late and
secure good prices, up to 14s per case
being realised for Black Margarets
last season. Apples, pears and plums
also bear largely. Mr Cleine has three
or four acres of strawberries and about
a dozen acres under crop. Included
in the latter are a couple of acres of
wheat, which is doing well.Fix this text
(To be continued.) (P.2,Mornington Standard,30-8-1902.)

ABOU'l' BALNtARRINO. Si
m
SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED At
- fr
[By Our Special Representative.]
A. E BENsETP'-. ti
On setting out to complete our tour
around Ralnarring, the'' first place ot
visited was Mr A. E. Bennett's:. This
gentleman, who owns the large'orchard tl
rented by Mr John Shand*, is now en- ri
gaged in planting a new one in an ad- tl
joining paddock. The aspect, though ca
perhaps a little exposed on one side to
wind, is in other respects highly suit
able as a site for an orchard.. About
eight acres of trees have.just been
planted, also a small area of'.straw- a
berries Mr Bennett also intends to p
devote some of his time to poultry 14
farming and has selected the Buff Or- t
pington variety as the best suited for p
his purpose. The handsome house, i
with its up-to-date conveniences. would
appear to 'indicate. that Mr Bennett i
will not be much longer a bachelor. 1
R: Mon?as' - "' : .

(* Fruit-growers are in high glee over the improved prices of fruit. Although some lost heavily by the recent storms, others have fair crops. Mr J. Shand, of Kent Orchard, sent 350 cases of cases of 'apples for export last week, and is likely to send 2000 more. (P.2, Mornington Standard,8-3-1902.)


Abosit a mile from Mr Bennett's, on
the road to.Bittern, is a young orchard
of about eight.acres, belonging to- Mr
Morris.: This gentleman, who is man
ager of the Hon F. S. Grimwade's
estate, is unable to give much of his
attention to working the land and
otherwiselookling afterthe young trees;,
and has consequently to arrange with.
a competent man to attend to his or
chard whenever it requiresit. Althu'gh
at present the land needs ploughing,
the trees are looking healthy and are
making good growth.
FARRELL BROs'.
Continuing along the Bittern road
we come od a property of 800 acres,
owned by Messrs Farrell Bros., who
combine fruit-growing with dairying.
They came to the district some six
years ago and purchased their present
property from Mr Downward, M.L A.
They have now established, on the side
of a hill, 20 acres of young trees;
" mostly apples and apricots. The as
pect and drainage of this thriving or
a chard appear perfect, while it is sp'en
didly sheltered from the prevailing
e winds Ploughing and prumnng opera
tions have just been completed in this
11 orchard and it presents a most satis
a factory appearance Mr H. Farrell
6 has already acquired a local reputation
e as an authority on pruning and the
trees in the orchard bear ample evi
dence of his skill in that direction.
This year each tree received a top
15 dressing of artificial manure. In order
y to profitably employ their spare time
1' until thrir orchard comes into full
bearing, these gentlemen engage in
le dairying during the springand summer
months. They have a separator, driven
by steam power, and capable of deal-.
ing with 60 gallons of milk per hour.
.15 The cream is carted to Bittern, about
five miles away, and sent by rail to
town The dairy is built on the most
approved lines, having double walls
and roof, and is ventilated in a most
I, ingenious manner by underground
pipes, which. enables them to keep
comprising milking-shed, stable and
barn, is among the most striking fea
tures on this well-ordered farm.
BUCKLEY'S.
Mr Buckley, who is one of the
oldest residents of the district, has for
many years carried on dairying on a
large scale, his farm comprising about
700 acres of good grass country, most
of which has greatly improved since
the commencement of Mr Buckley's
tenure, the homestead block being
worthy of particular notice as evidence
of the thoroughly up-to-date and pro
'gressive methods of management
adopted. The fallen timber is cleared
up, the scrub eradicated, and sub
divisional paddocks sown with Eng
lish grasses. An examination of the
numerous, substantial and, conveni
ently planned farm buildings, especially
those in connection with the dairy,
reveal the exercise of considerable
thought in combining economy with
efficiency, and a comprehensive know
ledge of dairy farming. Until
recently Mr Buckley milked on an
average about 50 first-class cows,
which necessitated a good deal of cul
tivation for fodder. The different
kinds of .forage crops favoured are
barley, oats and maize for green feed,
and Algerian oats for hay, which are
supplemented by that most profitable
of all foods for dairy cows, viz, bran.
Pigs and potatoes also occupy some of
Mr Buckley's time and attention, and
he has been very successful in both
these branches of agriculture. Like
all successful farmers he evidently re
cognises that dairying, pigs and pota
toes are the natural adjuncts of each
other, the pigs turning into profit the
unmarketable potatoes and surplus
skim milk.
S"'Abo ut hajf a mite distaint from Mr
, Buckley's, situated on the top of a hill,
to is Mr Hurley's homestead Unlike
at his neighbour, Mr Hurley pays more
hi attention to fruit growing than dairy
ing, having an orchard of aboht 1i
. acres in full bearing Being situated
on the side of a hill it is naturally
be well drained, and ls the aspect faces
the north east it gets the full benefit
of the early morning sun-a most im
be portant consideration in fruit growing
in a cool, moist district-and is im
Smune from damage by strong winds
re owing to the protective character of
. the surrounding country. Apples,
which include most of thle best
me varieties, occupy by far the largest
t part of thie orchard, but apricots cher
e. ries, pears and plums are also grownu.
h, Mr Hurley is very fortunate in that
1. his orchard is exempt from the depre.
dations of any of our numerous fungus
id and insect pests, and the quality of
his fruit may be judged by the fact
re that he has been a prizetaker at the
e. local shows. He has not yettried.ex
sI porting his apples, as he. finds a very
b. profitabhemarket for all his fruit in
Sorrento, where, during the summer se
months, there is a large demand for pc
al kinds of farm produce. Although th
fruit growing is the chief branch 'of tr
agronomy practised by Mr Hurley, at
dairying, pigs, fowls Sand the cultiva- di
'tion of crops necessary to carry on the gi
same, receivh a share of attention, and tl
with his fruit, the butter, eggs and all w
other produce are disposed of in Sor- |
rento. Sheep are also kept, and as is
they have a large scope of country to D
run on and require but little attention, n
the returns from the wool and. lambs of
considerably augment Mr Hurley's
annual profits a
Jonssoe's..
Continuing along the same road in
a south-easterly direction, the., next
place met with, after leaving Mr Hur
ley's, is Mr Johnson's,, which is also
the local post office. Sheep are the a
principal consideration here, and rape
is grown for fattening for the winter l
market. Although Mr Johnson's land
is highly suitable for cultivation, but '
little Is worked, the sheep, which have a
given very good returns, being almost 1
solely relied upon as a source of in. I
cora".
Mhe EMA'es'.
The" property now owned. by Mr
Mann las changed 'hands probably I
more than any other in the district.
A previous owner erected a modern
well-finished 8-roomed brick villa, so f
situated that from the front verandah
a complete view of the 30-acre orchard
can be obtained. Ten acres of :the t
orchard mentioned are in full bearing
and the other 20 just coming into
bearing. Apricots and apples are the
principal v rieties of fruit grown, but
other sorts also find a place, including
I cherries, pears, peaches and plums
This will be a very valuable property
in time, as Mr Mann's skilful know
ledge and assiduous care of the trees,
e combined with a suitable aspect, soil
sand climate, will undoubtedly produce
trees, and consequently fruit, of a
e very high quality. Having such a
large orchard, Mr Mann does not
a. practise any other branch of agricul
- ture, although he has the land to do so
L. if he wished, his farm being 180 acres
g in extent.
P. JonNsox's.
Some distance has to be travelled
I across timber and water reserves and
other uninhabited country before
e arriving at Mr P. Johnson's, who, by
the way, is a son of Mr Johnson, of
the post office. As we travel in this
direction-ies, towards the Bittern
railway station-a great change in the
1e character of the country is observed.
Ill T6 the casual olserver the chief varia
in tion will appear to be the substitution
or of long stretches of plains for the hills
in of Balnarring proper, and the absence
il- of bracken undergrowth, but to a far
ar mer the greatest change is in the
at nature of the soil itself, which is more
to loamy and of a lighter character. Mr
at Johnson has a neat, well-kept farm,
Is furnished with a comfortable home
t stead and' convenient outbnildings.
ad Dairying and sheep farming are suc
ep cessfully practised, though neither an
p lame a ea l as the"proep Ifta oft
d Shre Council. A young orchard of
about three acres is looking well and
promises to be a source of profit when
in full bearing.
Joe STANLEY'S
or r Jos Stanley has a farm similar
to the one just described, the character
t of the country being the same. Here
,t again dairy and sheep farming are
carried on, but latterly. Mr Stanley
has been getting rid of the sheep and
increasing his herd of cows. He was
ig the first in this district to adopt the
o system pf rugging his cows. at night,
at but as yet lhe is unable to speak em
. phatically of the benefits to be derived
b- therefrom, not yet having had suffi
cient experience in the practice. The
h cowshed, pigstyes, implement, shed and
other outbuildings of this farm are
ly highly creditable to their owner who
is also their builder They are con
structed almost entirely of "bush"
th timber withi iron roofs. and for neat
ness and solidity would be hard to
til beat anywhere. Mr Stanley possesses
in considerable mechanical ingenuity and
is an adept with the axe and adze
it- The clean state of the paddocks and
nt sound condition of the fences point to
re the managerial capacity of the owner.
d, Mi AN's.
re Adjacent to Mr P. Johnson's is Mr
Ie Meehan's. Until two or three years
n. ago Mr Meehan was one of the largest
of contractors in this shiro and coue
Id quently was unable to pay that close
th attention to his farm which he is now
ke doing. He goes in almost solely for
e sheep and as he keeps a good class and
a- does not overstock is naturally sue
:h cessful.
JuNiasos BRans.
Messrs Jennings Bros., who have a
20-acre block, are,-comparatively new
r arrivalsin this'aistric~ having come
II, here early in 1898. They are, as the
e extent of their holding would signify,
re fruitgrowers. For the short time they
have been in possession these gentle
men have worked wonders. The
amount of work they have accomp
lished unassisted shows them to be in
dustrious above the average. They
it are not long out from England, where
they evidently learnt their business
- well, which is proved by the thorough
manner in whichl they cultivated and
drained the land before they planted
their orchard. They are now being
repaid for their trouble by the healthy
and vigorous growth of the young
trees. They also have about five
acres under small fruits, the principal
of which are strawberries, with which
Sthey we-reoery sbiccessfal last year,
topping the market on two or three
occasions.
of r h DAVIEs'.
ot Mr John Davies divides his time
as between the firewood busianes and
r- attending to a' young' orchard of 13
ry acres. With regard to the litter, he
in '.ways' somewhat unfortunato. in .the
selection of a site. As all indications
pointed to it being a suitable aspect,
the subsequent slow growth of the
trees is highly disappointing, and
suggests the necessity for some reme
dial measures being adopted ' Under
ground drainage would no doubt meet
the case, as' stagnant water in the
winter is evidently the trouble.
Manures also would no doubt stimu
late the growth of the trees. Mr
Davies is a shire councillor and has a
nice homestead and about 300 acres
of land.Fix this text
(To be continued.) (P.2,Mornington Standard,6-9-1902.)

AROUND FLINDERS. (N.B.THE THIRD LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ON MY KEYBOARD IS NOT WORKING, SO, IN ORDER TO PROKEED I AM GOING TO SUBSTITUTE K FOR IT.)
SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED
[By Our Special Representative.]
COOKE'S (On the basis of the deskription of the property konsisting of about 1400 akres,it is kertain that klondrisse was komposed of the total of 1439 akres (basikally*)south of Boneo Rd granted to John Barker. (*About a fifth of the 640 akre pre-emptive right between Main Kreek and Stokkyard Kreek was north of Boneo Rd;
if we add the roods and perkhes in some allotments, Barker was granted 1440 akres and 11 perkhes basikally south of the road. If we dedukt about 120 akres for the part of the P.R.in Melway 260 B-D9 north of Boneo Rd,this leaves about 1320 akres,not 1400. Barker's grants south of the road stretkhed from Main Kreek to Flinders Township but were not kontinuous. If Barker had bought one of the grants of James Robinson (k/a 2 of 75a 1 r. 38 p. south of Keys Rd) or Arthur Dobree (k/a 1 of B of 98 akres south of Punkhbowl Rd) or Edward Graham (51 of 74 a. and 52 of 84a. just west of Flinders Township), the total would have been klose to 1400 akres. Thus Klondrisse would not have needed to inklude any of the 1274 akres (or 1394 if we Kount that northern part of the P.R.) granted to Barker north of Boneo Rd.

Starting our tour this week at the Main Creek MELWAY 260 B9(the boundary of the parishes of Flinders and Fingal), on the way from Sorrento to Flinders, we come to some excellent grazing land. On the south side of the picturesque road which winds up and down the hills and commands many beautiful views of the rocky cliffs and headlands on the shore of the southern ocean we see the fine old homestead built by the late Mr John Barker, some 40 years ago.This old landmark of the district, with about 1400 acres of good grazing land, has recently been purchased by Mr C.T.Cooke, brother of Mr Winter Cooke, M.L.C., whose estate in the Western district he has been managing for some years. Mr Cooke intends going in for grazing and has some very fine stock on the place.
The old homestead is now undergoing a thorough repair and now fencing is being erected all over the property: Under Mr Cooke's management "Clondrisse " (as the place has now been christened) should, with its numerous,
natural, advantages, soon be an ideal estate.
If I remember correctly there is extensive information about the owner and property in LIME LAND LEISURE, which can be borrowed from the Rosebud Library..

POSTSKRIPT (er POSTSCRIPT.) Notice anything different? C is back at work! I wanted to do a trove search on the property but I was hardly likely to get anywhere by entering Kooke or Klondrisse so I performed a risky but successful operation on the C key. An advertisement about the Clondrisse Estate quaintly described the land as being 4 miles from Flinders. Unless they were referring only to the homestead block, this would indicate that Clondrisse was the P.R. and Barker's grants fronting Meakins and Glenmarlin Rd. Surely the correspondent of 1902 could not be so misinformed as to think it was between Boneo Rd and the coast. I'll try a heritage study!

This is fairly straightforward. The 1902 correspondent was right. Clondrisse was between Boneo Rd and the coast.
"CAPE SCHANCK MASTER
Access Cape Schanck Trig and Wallermyong trig
Take the road from Rosebud to Flinders (via Boneo).
After 8 miles you reach the turning to Cape Schanck on the right hand
side. Cape Schanck is on the corner. Proceed along the road to
Flinders*, pass the bridge over the creek** and on the right hand side just
after the gravel road becomes asphalt*** you will find the estate "Clondrisse"
(about 2.5 miles from Cape Schanck corner). (*Parish of Flinders. **Main Creek. ***Probably at Meakins Rd.)
(O/< - OO~
www.mrt.tas.gov.au/mrtdoc/petxplor/download/OR.../OR_0006.pdf)

I found Cecil Trevor Cooke's obituary. See:
PERSONAL.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 28 June 1922 p 10 Article.



BUCHANAN'S.(Section B, parish of Flinders,crown allotments:
3 (by 1899); Melway 260 E-H 10
5 (by 1899); Melway 260 J8-9 to 261 A 8-9
6 (by 1902); Melway 260 part E,F-H 8,part 7.
Lot 26 of Barker's or any others cannot be determined without seeing the subdivision plans for the Cape Schanck or Boneo estates.

In 1899 Andrew Buchanan was assessed on 370 acres and buildings in the centre riding. In 1909,he was again assessed on the 370 acres but also on 215 acres (6B) and 117 acres (lot 26 of Barker's.) Crown allotment 6 of section B (exactly 215 acres)had obviously been added to the 370 acres by 1902 when he owned about 600 acres. At first,I thought Gleneira might have been the Buchanan grants on Pt Leo Rd in the parish of Balnarring. However the first sentence about the next farm (Symond's)makes it clear that Gleneira was on the north side of Boneo Rd. John Henry Brook and Edward Khull had been granted crown allotments 3,4,5 and 6 north of Boneo Rd between Stockyard Creek and Punchbowl Rd,three of them on 18-2-1858 and c/a 5 exactly a year later. I had already worked out that Gleneira had to be c/a's 3 and 5 of section B (176a +194 a. 3r. 4 p.= 370.775 acres.) Luckily I had referred to the 1917 rates when Andrew Buchanan was assessed on 378 acres and buildings, the description of the land (in my transcription) being c/a 3,part c/a 5,section B. It should be part c/a 3, c/a 5. Boneo Rd stopped at the bank of Tea Tree or Yalleryong Creek and resumed to the east at Punchbowl Rd but the council must have acquired land to connect the two sections and opened the road which was gazetted in 1878. It cut off the south east corner of crown allotment 3 and then ran east through crown allotment 4. The road was closed by 1882 when Thomas Ormiston Martin bought the section of road (4 a. 10 p.)and the cut-off south east corner 3a. 3 r. 7 p.) within c/a 3, a total of 7.85 acres-the extra 8 acres on which Andrew Buchanan was assessed in 1917. The cut-off part of c/a 4, 4A of 7a. 3r. 16p.,was bought by J.S.Darley in 1896. Through his wife, Frances,nee Martin, Andrew had probably inherited the extra 8 acres from THOMAS ORMISTON MARTIN(whom I previously speculated might be Andrew's father in law, which now seems almost certain.)


Next we come to the well-known Gleneira estate, the property of Mr.Andrew Buchanan, who enjoys the distinction of being one the most successful breeders of Ayrshire cattle* in the State, and an inspection of his herd is certainly a treat. Mr Buchanan is a thorough dairyman and has all his life been accustomed to handling cattle. Before he became an exhibitor, he was for some years a judge of Ayrshires at the Royal Show. He has at present 50 cows in milk and makes a large quantity of cheese, the excellence of which is too well known to need comment here. The "Gleneira " herd were (sic) very successful at the last Melbourne Show; out of 19 exhibits, 10 mentions (including special Derby sweep stake, won three times in succession and other prizes) were secured. Besides his dairy cattle Mr Buchanan, who owns some 600 acres and leases about 500 more, has 1000 sheep, and 16 acres of hay, which he has planted, is looking very well.


LIME LAND LEISURE also discusses the Buchanans at length. The Tasmanian Stud Book states that the state's Ayrshire herd was founded from the Oakbank herd of the McNabs at Tullamarine and later the Buchanan herd. About a decade after this article was written, Andrew Buchanan was leasing land between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland on the east side of Boneo Rd.)

A QUESTION. Were the Buchanans responsible for the name of the suburb of Glen Eira?
ANOTHER QUESTION. Was Andrew's wife a daughter of Thomas Ormiston Martin? (SEE ABOVE. It looks like it!)
AN ANZAC. BUCHANAN, Robert MM (1892-1969)
Print
Modified on Wed, 24 Sep 2014 15:19 by Con
Categorized as Biography - All, Biography - Students, Biography of War - World War I
BUCHANAN, Robert MM (1892-1969)

Robert Buchanan was born on 28 August 1892, the son of Andrew Buchanan and Frances nee Martin, of 'Glen Eira', Flinders.

He was educated at Geelong College from 1906 until 1909, and Scotch College in 1910. He participated in the Cadet Corps of both schools, as well as seven months in Captain Rushalls Cadets.

After the outbreak of World War I, he enlisted (6535) in the AIF on 28 May 1915, embarking for Egypt on HMAT A18 Wiltshire on 18 November 1915 with the 4th Field Artillery Brigade. His unit was then posted on to France in March, where he served until the end of the war, being awarded the Military Medal at Passchendaele, gazetted 4 February 1918, the citation read:
'On 14 October, 1917 near Zonnebeke, Lt Andrews with Sergeant Buchanan were assisting with the advance of the two guns to their forward position after the attack. The officer was wounded, Sergeant Buchanan, under heavy shell fire, at once took charge and by his work, determination and example completed the work of getting both guns into their advanced position. This is but one example of the sterling service and conduct of this NCO throughout the recent operations'.

He was wounded in action on 1 November, 1917, and evacuated to England on HS Newhaven on 8 November, being admitted to Colchester Military Hospital the next day. He returned to Australia, embarking on HMT Saxon on 11 December 1918, and demobilised on 6 April, 1919.
He died at Nagambie on 14 January 1969.
(BUCHANAN, Robert MM (1892-1969) - Heritage Guide to ...
gnet.geelongcollege.vic.edu.au:8080/.../BUCHANAN-Robert-1892-1969...)



SYMONDS'. (Crown allotment 2, section B, consisting of 75a. 1 r. 38 p.,granted to James G. Robinson on 18-2-1858, south of the KeysRd/Boneo Rd intersection and fronting the coast; Melway 260, part G, H,part J 11.)

On the other (south) side of the road is " Westward Ho," the property of Mr. Symonds the local butcher,who holds about 75 acres in this block and about 300 some miles away. Most of this is really excellent land ; deep rich chocolate and black soil, which should grow anything. Mr Symonds has got his property in very good order, and it is certainly an ideal fattening country. The hay crop is at present looking very promising. Flinders is likely to be a success as an onion growing district. Mr Symonds will probably have a large area under that crop next year.


LEVIEN'S.(Possibly c/a 51 of section B, Flinders, of 74a. 0r.24p., granted to Edward Graham on 15-8-1859.; Melway 261 part E9, F 10.)
Continuing some two miles or so along the road to Flinders we come to the land (also a portion of the Cape
Schanck estate) recently purchased by some enterprising gentlemen for purposes of onion growing. Of these
blocks the one in the best condition is about 94 acres, owned by Mr Levien, M L.A. As regards the soil on the
holding Mr Levien, who is acknowledged one of the best authorities on onion growing in the State speaks highly.
The principal drawback is,in his opinion, the fresh briny breezes which blow from the Southern Ocean and are the delight of the jaded city visitors in the sunmmer time. Most of the block is laid down in onions, and Mr Jennings*, who is managing the place, had the land ploughed and worked until it was in a very friable
condition and made an excellent seed bed. There are now a good many weeders and onion thinners on this and the adjacent properties, and the place has a much busier appearance than it had 12 months ago, when the
land was used for grazing purposes only.

*Dod Jennings hailed from the Drysdale area and played for Geelong as a young man. Linda Berndt, of the Rye Historical Society, has written a book about the family. Like many farmers,Dod was affected by the 1990's depression and the family became onion-growing, share-farming nomads. They were at Flinders long enough at the time this article was written for one of Dodd's sons to marry a Tuck girl and then off they went to Camperdown before arriving back on the Peninsula just before W.W.1 to grow onions on Kariah (between Dundas St and Weeroona St at Rye.) I wonder if mail contractor, John Tuck, had written to his sister and told her of Jim Brown's transformation of the ti tree and rabbit-infested land around Rye. Was John still doing his mail run at that time?

MAXWELL'S. ( Possibly c/a 52 section B, Flinders, consisting of 84a.1r. 25 p., granted to Edward Graham on 15-8-1859 and about 10 acres of John Barker's grant, 52A,of just under 30 acres bounded by Boneo Rd and the two branches of Double Creek south to their junction;Melway 261 parts E9, F10 and G11 and c/a 52A parts F9 and G8-9. Double Creek might have provided the braes so loved by Henry Tuck Jnr and Maggie.)

Adjoining is about 75 acres recently purchased by Mr Maxwell. On this property stands "The Grange," which was Mr Barker's first homestead after he took up the Cape Schanck run. In spite of the eloquent request in verse,
written by a local poet*, who is a true disciple of " bard Robbie," and printed in these columns some time ago, this place is still known by the old title and has not yet been christened Maxwelton. Mt Maxwell is working his onion crop on the share system with Mr Nichols**, who is also a new arrival to the district.The hay crop at "The Grange," alias "Maxwellton," is also looking very well.

* Possibly Henry Tuck Jnr., a collection of whose poems, many of which appeared in the Mornington Standard,can be purchased at the Dromana Museum. FIND REQUEST!!!

MAXWELL'S BONNIE BRAES.
[By Henry Tuck, Flinders.)
The Spring returns again, Maggie,
With bud and bloom to cheer,
And memory bears us backwards
To the spot we both revere.

Ah! there 'mid Nature's sunshine
We spent our brightest days,
And called it New Maxwelton,
Ere Maxwell saw the braes.

Again I twine a garland
To wreathe your bonnie face,
And view the landscape o'er
From yonder lofty place.

The arrowy shafts of sunlight
Shoot forth in golden rays,
And bathe the oaks and hill-tops
Of Maxwell's bonnie braes.

And we built our airy castle
In glowing colours set,
And through misfortune dark and fell
It has not crumbled yet.

Once more in fancy, Maggie,
We hand in hand do stray
And call it still Maxwelton
And love the dear old braes.
(P.4, Mornington Standard, 27-9-1902.)


**Possibly H.J.Nichols who received the grant of 6 perches less than 84 acres, crown allotment 2A,parish of Fingal (Melway 254 A4), on 2-4-1909.

DOWIE'S.( Possibly c/a's 53 and 54 between the northern branch of Double Creek and King St, Flinders,a total of 106 a. 2r. 13 p. granted to Godfrey Howitt (who was granted much land in Fingal);Melway 261 H 5-6.)
On the north side of the Flinders and Sorrento road is a nice little block of 100 acres, purchased at the
subdivisional sale of Barker's estate by Mr Dowie, who has built a cottage and otherwise improved his property.
He intends going in for dairying, and has some fine milking cows. About 20 acres have been planted with oats
for hay, and, like most other crops in this district, is looking very well.

NICHOLL'S.(I presume the road referred to is Boyds Rd,not Punchbowl Rd. Most of the land along Boyds Rd was granted to Godfrey Howitt and none of the crown allotments consisted of about 94 acres. It is possible,in view of the fact that Sproule-near Flinders township-is mentioned next that Nichols and Sproule were both on c/a's 56-61, a total of about 300 acres granted to William Kennon in 1862-3.)

Adjoining, and higher up the hill from the Sorrento road, is the property of 94 acres leased from Mr Greive, of
Berwick.(who is also a recent purchaser), by Mr Nichols, who has a comfortable cottage, with stable and other buildings erected, near the road leading past the Punch Bowl to the Main Ridge. He has ploughed a good strip of land, and planted onions and other crops.

SPROULE'S.(See the previous farm, NICHOL'S, re possible location.)
Near the Flinders 'township' Mr Sproule, a well-known pastoralist, recently connected with properties in
Riverina and other parts of Australia, has a comfortable residence, with about 120 acres of land, which he has
got into apple pie order. He also rents 108 acres a mile or so away, and has some fine stock, and about 20 acres under crop, which is looking very well.

DARLEY'S (In 1909,the executors of Mrs Sarah Darley were assessed on:
203 ac. (26,26A,31B), 140 ac.(17A and 17C of B) and 8 ac.and buildings (4a of B.) Mrs Jane Darley was assessed on 8 ac. (6,7 of And., which I presume means Anderson's.Me and my abbreviated transcription but what can you do when your eyes are microfiched and your muscles ache?) Sarah must have been the widow of J.S.Darley who was granted 4A of B on 28-7-1896 after a road through Gleneira's south east corner, continuing through Crown allotment 4 to cross Tea Tree Creek which the shire opened-gazetted in 1878- had closed by 1882. Crown allotment 4A was at the present east corner of Keys and Boneo Rds with frontages of 132 and 189 metres respectively; Melway 260 J10 between the latitude of the bridge and Boneo Rd. I presume 26 and 26A were the property "on the outskirts of the town" but 26A should be 20A. Crown allotments 20A (112 acres) and 26 (138 acres) were granted to Henry Tuck on 24-10-1859. 20A= Melway 255 K12 and 256 A12 east to creek; 26=256 B12, parts B11,A12 and C12.

Crown allotment 31, section B was even closer to the township,being on the north side of Boyds Rd only 244 metres from the north end of King St, with the dam in Melway 261 G3 being near the centre of the property. Consisting of 126 acres (not 120), this was probably the farm described in 1902. The land on Tuck's grants (20A and 26) may have consisted of two subdivision blocks of about 40 acres each to make the total of 203 acres in 1909.

Crown allotments 17A and 17C of B are far easier to pinpoint. The first was bounded by Meakins, Whitehall and Keys Rds with the second road joining the first and second to form the northern boundary of the 147a. 0r. 3p. property, granted to the executor of S.E.Darley on 4-7-1908. When realignment of Mornington-Flinders Rd cut off the north eastern corner (including the northern 184 acres of Keys Rd) this nibble was called 17C, consisting of 5a. 0r. 38p., reducing 17A to 141.3.5, exactly!. Do you realise what's wrong with that? The silly sausages forgot to deduct the area of the road deviation as well as 17C to get the new acreage for 17A! The Lands Department wouldn't have liked me as a boss! 17A and 17C are tied to show they were both granted to "The Equity Trustees &c Exor of S.E.Darley" the grant being issued on 4-7-1908. C/a. 17A and C =Melway 254 J-K11.
)


Also on the outskirts of the township, and fronting Westernport Bay, is a property of about 120 acres, owned
by Mrs Darley, who has recently built a comfortable residence, and in many ways improved the estate. The
few acres of crop sown on this place is doing pretty well. Mrs Darley owns a considerable amount of land in different parts of the district, most of which she has let on lease.

BOYD's.
Continuing along the Bittern-road, we come to a very cosy-looking residence, with about 60 acres of land.
This property, with several other blocks of land in different parts of the district, is worked by Messrs Boyd
Brothers, 'who are 'cultivating' (largely?-tear in page) in addition to carrying on a good many road contracts for the shire of Flinders and Kangerong*, and (doing?-tear) other work.
(*Kangerong was dropped from the Shire's name in 1914 if I remember correctly.)


Journeying on towards Manton's Creek, we reach a part of the district which might very appropriately be named Tuckville, and are reminded of the old local riddle-Why is Manton's Creek like a petticoat ? (Because it is surrounded by Tucks). Messrs Samuel, Henry, Thomas and John Tuck, who have all large families, are very old
residents of the district, being sons of the late Mr.Henry Tuck, senr, who, in company with the late Mr John
Barker, was one of the pioneers of the peninsula.

Mr John Tuck has about 48 acres of grazing land, which has, however, just been leased to Mr Skillen* of Sorrento, as Mr Tuck has obtained the Dromana to Portsea mail contract, and will need to reside on the other side of the peninsula. Being close to Flinders, and containing some splendid soil, this should be an ideal
place for market gardening.
(*See THE BUTCHER, THE BAKER, THE by Bruce Bennett for information about the Skillens.)

H. TUCK'S
Mr Henry Tuck has about 160 acres of first-class land, and goes in for grazing. This is certainly a fine
property, and almost any kind of a crop should grow splendidly in the deep rich chocolate soil.

N.B. See one of Henry's many poems under MAXWELL'S. Henry was born on the Arthur's Seat Run while his father, Henry Tuck Snr, was building the McCRAE HOMESTEAD.

T. TUCK'S.
On the other side of the road is about 160 acres of very good grazing and farming land, owned by Mr Thomas Tuck, who also goes in principally for grazing, but has a good area under crops of hay, potatoes, &c,which
are doing well.

S. TUCK'S.
Mr. Samuel Tuck has a very nice property. The homestead is prettily situated on the top of the hill above Manton's Creek, and is well sheltered by ornamental trees. Mr Tuck, who owns between 300 and 400 acres
of well grassed rich land, goes in largely for dairying and fattening cattle, and has his place in splendid
order.
(P.2, Mornington Standard,13-2-1902.)

THE TUCK BOYS WERE MAINLY ON HENRY TUCK'S PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHT OF 640 ACRES, THE ABOVE LAND,IF SAM TUCK DID HAVE 400 ACRES, GIVING A TOTAL OF 778 ACRES. THE EXTRA 138 ACRES WERE PROBABLY 26 OF Section A MENTIONED PREVIOUSLY RE DARLEY'S.
The western boundary of the P.R. started in Boyds Rd (the southern boundary) 244 metres west of King Street and ran north 7378 links, about 1475 metres (parallel with the line of King St)to Musk/Cotton Tree/ Mantons Creek,
which was the northern boundary until 486 metres from its mouth where a line due magnetic east from the junction of Tucks and Frankston Rd continued to the coast,just north of the creek. Tuck's P.R.= Melway 261-2: s/w. cnr.- bottom right 261 H4; n/w cnr.- creek near centre of 261 J1; n/e cnr.-coast near bottom of 262 C5; s/e cnr.- coast 3/4 of the way down in 262 D2.


AROUND FLINDERS.
SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED
[By Our Special Representative.]
BALDRY'S. (c/a 22A of section B, Flinders; Melway .......,or c/a ...Wannaeue.Melway.......)
In this article we have been dealing, so far, with the properties along the shores of Bass Straits and Western
port Bay. A good portion of the land back towards the Main Ridge contains some excellent soil, but is heavily timbered and badly in need of cleaning up. There are some properties in this part, however, that are certainly well worth a visit. " Wildwood," the property of Mr John Baldry, who holds nearly 800 acres of splendid land (350 acres of which was purchased at the recent subdivisional sale of Barker's estate), is situated almost on the crown of the Ridge and near the boundary of Wannaeue, Fingal and Flinders.

When obtained from the Crown, "Wildwood," the bulk of which is now a valuable well-improved property, was in a very rough timbered condition and the owner, like a good many of our pioneers, has had to spend many long years of hard work in preparing the thickly wooded land for the plough and has on three occasions had his house and effects destroyed by bush fires since building his first homestead. Though for several years past Mr Baldry has been growing large quantities of hay, potatoes and other crops, he now intends going in almost exclusively for grazing, for which industry the rich undulating, well-watered land is, when cleared, very suitable. Baldry is a great enthusiast in floriculture and keeps quite a nursery of plants of that class for his own amusement. There is a comfortable homestead in a splendid position on the highest part of the property, and the garden, orchard and some of the smaller cleared paddocks are enclosed with hawthorn hedges.

Mr Baldry, who has served the ratepayers for some years on the local shire council and occupied the presidential chair with credit, has now retired from municipal life.

ELLIS'S. (c/a 7 of A,and 8A, B, D (and C?), Flinders; Melway.......)
Close to the estate described above is about 900 acres owned by Mr R.Ellis, who utilises his property principally for grazing purposes, though,under cultivation and the various crops sown are looking very well.

PIDDINGTON'S. (c/a 27B of section B,Flinders; Melway.......)
Another property on which years of hard work have been spent in clearing the land and converting the wilderness of gum trees and undergrowth into a comfortable little farm is a block of 100 acres owned by Mr Richard Piddington. At present Mr Piddington does not go in extensively for cropping, but the small patch he has
under cultivation is looking very well.

HOLLAND'S. (c/a 27A of B, Flinders; Melway.........)
The property known as "Mitford " has been purchased by Mr Holland, of the Railway department, who evidently intends to make good use of the block, which contains about 110 acres. A very comfortable and spacious
homestead, on the lines of an Indian bungalow, was erected by the late Captain Grantham, of H.M. 45th
Regiment, some years ago, and the site commands a very picturesque view over Westernport Bay and Phillip Island, and Mr Holland is getting the place in thorough repair. A good portion of the land has been cleared, but is now monopolised to a great extent by scrub and bracken fern. The property is, however, being got into order and a good area will soon be again ready for the plough .

SMIDT'S (c/a 14B,section A, Flinders;Melway........)
Travelling across country (along Punty Lane!)from "Mitford" to the Flinders and Dromana-road we come to a block of 80 acres owned by Mr John Smidt. Mr Smidt is an old resident of the district and has got his property, which, like most of the neighbouring land, must once have been in a very heavily timbered condition, into good order and has a very comfortable house on the block.

DOWLING'S (Thomas Dowling was granted 3A of section?,Flinders,on the south west corner of Shands and Tucks Rds, in 1884; this block of nearly 110 acres fronts the south west side of Stony Creek and with Daniel Nolan's grant of almost 141 acres,c/a 12, almost certainly the ideal little dairying block,and extending south east to Punty Lane, comprised the said total of about 250 acres. Melway......)
On the road from Dromana to Flinders Mr C. Dowling has about 250 acres of good land, 140 of which is cleared and makes an ideal little dairying block. The property is beautifully situated on a slope facing the north and a clear running creek forms the boundary of the farm, which has been appropriately named "The Glen." Dairying at present occupies Mr Dowling's attention and he grows the usual fodder crops necessary for that industry.

GRAVES' (c/a 15, section A,Flinders,s/w corner Punty Lane and Tucks Rd. Only 190 acres, Check balnarring.)
A little farther along the road toward the coast we come to "Woodlands," a property of nearly 400 acres, belonging to Mr Graves, a very old resident of the district. Besides having a large orchard and garden, the
owner of "Woodlands" goes in largely for poultry farming. Mr Graves also conducts one of the oldest storekeeping businesses in the southern part of the Mornington Peninsula. The property is in good order and crops of any sort should grow well in the rich chocolate soil.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re Charles Graves and his business partnership with Mary McLear before moving to Shoreham.

SUTHERLAND'S.
The farm known as "Seaview," recently part of the estate of the late J.T. T. Smith, has now been purchased by Mr Sutherland. The property contains about 80 acres and, like most of the Shoreham land, is an ideal dairying block, for which purpose Mr Sutherland intends to utilise it, and has a good strip of land under cultivation to provide green feed for his cattle: The homestead, which was built by the late Captain Brown, is in a good position, and the Shoreham creamery adjoins the property.

HIGGINS'.(C/a 24, section A,Flinders;Melway......)
On the opposite side of the road is a farm of 149 acres, owned by Mr Higgins, who has also 186 acres a short
distance away. (c/a 17A of 101 acre, section A, Flinders,on the west corner of Musk Creek Rd and Punty Lane; Melway.....;and probably 9B adjoining and also between Musk Ck, Rd and Cotton Tree Creek; Melway.......) Like most of his neighbours Mr Higgins goes in for dairying pursuits. His fodder and other crops are looking well.

RILEY'S. (Edmond Riley was granted the triangular, 111 acre, c/a 27 at the junction of Tucks and Frankston-Flinders Rd, south of Higgins' and the 159 acre c/a 23 north of Higgins' across Higgins Lane. Melway......)
Another compact well-grassed little dairy farm in this locality, where an abundant rainfall always ensures a
permanent supply of water in the numerous creeks and the rich quality of the soil grows almost all kinds of
crop to perfection, is the property of Mr Riley, at Stony Creek. .This gentleman is a very old resident of the
district and has about 200 acres of land in this locality and other property a short distance away. (Or as trove put it: "perty aeshoriaeifseano -away"' -- -)
(P.2, Mornington Standard,20-9-1902.)




LITTLE BRIDGE FARM.



PROPERTY SEARCHES-FOUR WINDS, FOREST LODGE, WILDWOOD,FERN VALLEY,FERNBANK, ETC.

14 comment(s), latest 2 days, 8 hours ago

CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF KEILOR, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

INDEX.
As family names mentioned in this journal will be too numerous to fit into the surname list, they will be listed alphabetically here and followed by the year or other heading under which they appear, such as APHOK (A POTTED HISTORY OF KEILOR) so that researchers can quickly locate the reference and ascertain if it pertains to the family they are seeking. A year or heading followed by C indicates that the name appears in my Comment about an article under that year. Unless there is a special reason, Batman, Fawkner,Hume, Hovell etc will not be included in the index. e.g.
AHEARN APHOK-C; BORRELL APHOK-C; BROWN APHOK; CHISHOLM APHOK; CUARTERO APHOK-C; CLANCY APHOK-C; GRIMES APHOK,APHOK-C (SOLOMON'S FORD); HICKS APHOK-C; MCFARLANE J.D. APHOK-C; McRAE APHOK; MANSFIELD APHOK; MILBURN APHOK; RUSSELL Geo. APHOK-C (SOLOMON'S FORD); TAYLOR APHOK; VERT APHOK-C; WATSON APHOK; WILSON Jas. 1862; WILSON Edw. APHOK;




A POTTED HISTORY OF KEILOR.
About the only items that I think need to be added to the following excellent broad overview of Keilor's history are the township, grazing, closer settlement and the Spanish invasion.

Keilor

(3036, 17 km NW, Brimbank City, Hume City, Moonee Valley City)
Gazetted as a township in 1850 Keilor had a Roads Board in 1863 before becoming a shire in 1871 and a city in 1961. Some of the earliest Aboriginal artefacts in Victoria were discovered at the Keilor archaeological area. The first European explorer, New South Wales Surveyor-General Grimes, passed through the area in 1803, followed by Hume and Hovell in 1824, and John Batman in 1835. Settlers arrived in the late 1830s and 1840s, one of whom, Mr Watson, is said to have given the district the name of his father's cattle-breeding property or a rivulet in Forfarshire, Scotland, Other sources suggest keilor was an Aboriginal word for 'brackish water'. The first Keilor Inn was a hut constructed in 1841, rebuilt 20 years later. Keilor was on the main route to the goldfield of Bendigo and Castlemaine; from 1851 hotels and blacksmiths did a roaring trade. A female traveller noted the contrast between the 'pretty little village with a good inn, several nice cottages, and a store or two' and the 'vast expanse of flat and dreary land' of the outlying Keilor Plains.
In 1855 the philanthropist Caroline Chisholm organised the construction of 'shelter sheds' along the goldfield routes to encourage families to accompany their menfolk to the diggings. One was near Bonfield Street in Keilor village and another, named Robertson's after a local landowner, was on the Keilor Plains. Punts and rough log bridges proved unsatisfactory for travellers crossing the Maribyrnong River and a more substantial toll bridge was opened in 1854. The 1868 replacement, superseded in 1964, has been restored.
After the initial excitement of the gold rush Keilor settled into a relatively peaceful agricultural existence for nearly a century with hay production and cattle and sheep grazing being the main activities. One of the original proprietors of the Argus newspaper, Edward Wilson, ran his property Arundel as a model farm and experimental breeding ground. By the 1880s Keilor was most noted for its market gardening and especially its apricot orchards. A local farmer and long-serving shire councillor, David Milburn, pioneered irrigation on his properties, and other orchardists and market gardeners followed his example. Farming in the district received a boost in the early 1900s when Overnewton, the 11 000-acre (4450 ha) estate of William Taylor, was subdivided.
Change came to Keilor from the 1950s when industry and housing developers discovered the area. Both Essendon Airport (built on land first acquired by the Commonwealth in 1921) and Melbourne Airport (built at Tullamarine in 1971) were partly within the Keilor City boundaries. Between 1947 and 1954 Keilor's population trebled to 10 681. By 1961 there were 29 519 residents and in 1981 there were 81 762, attracted to the area by the cheap new houses and manufacturing jobs. By 1981 around 40% of residents were overseas-born, nearly half coming from Italy, the former Yugoslavia and Malta. Transport was another attraction. The Calder and Tullamarine freeways bisect the area, and the West Gate Bridge linked it with the other side of Melbourne from 1978.
Industry was concentrated in Airport West and Niddrie, and the valleys and rises around Keilor village filled with successive waves of mainly brick veneer homes. New suburbs such as Kealba (3021, 15 km NW, Brimbank City), Keilor Downs (3038, 18 km NW, Brimbank City), Keilor Park (3042, 15 km NW, Brimbank City) and Kings Park (3021, 19 km W, Brimbank City) were created, and others such as Keilor East (3033, 13 km NW, Brimbank City, Moonee Valley City), which had already been the site of a garden estate designed by Walter Burley Griffin in 1927, were further developed. Apart from the courthouse and hotel, nearly all the older buildings in Keilor village have been replaced, often with large and luxurious houses. By the end of the 20th century Keilor had become an affluent middle-class and professional dormitory for the western suburbs.
JENNY KEATING
REFERENCES
Carstairs, Joan, and Maureen Lane, Pubs, punts & pastures: The story of Irish pioneer women on the Salt Water River, St Albans History Society, Melbourne, 1988. Details
Evans, Angela, and the Keilor Pioneer Research Collective, Keilor pioneers: Dead men do tell tales, St Albans History Society, Melbourne, 1994. Details
Jennison, Susan, Keilor's heritage, Keilor Historical Society, Melbourne, 1997. Details


COMMENTS.
THE TOWNSHIP(S).
Like most townships, Keilor straddled a creek, the village of half acre blocks being in the parish of Maribyrnong on the west side of the Saltwater River but suburban blocks intended for farmers were south,west and east of the village. Those to the east were in Horseshoe Bend (parish of Maribyrnong)and section 19 Doutta Galla, which included Keilor Binn Farm, Gumm's Corner and the part of Keilor Park west of Collinson St where the site of St Augustine's was granted and James Harrick built his historic homestead that is now the home of the Keilor Historical Society.

There was another township in the Keilor district,Braybrook North Township. It was south of the line of Clarendon St, Avondale Heights. The township straddled the river,being in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw. Because of the West Melbourne swamp, Solomon's ford was the most southerly point at which the Saltwater River could be crossed by travellers heading Geelong way, such as George Russell of Golf Hill. It was accessed via Buckley St, known for decades as Braybrook road until it wasrenamed Buckley St West. Many heritage studies have been sold a pup by Valentine Jones and have declared Clancy's ford to be Solomon's Ford. Peter Somerville, my predecessor as President of the Keilor Historical Society, was convinced, circa 1989,that Solomon's Ford was at the end of North Rd and he was right but I believe this was the second one.

If you google CUT CUT PAW, COUNTY OF BOURKE,you will find many maps of that parish. The Braybrook Township map also provides evidence about the fords. The earliest shows a ford near the bottom of Rhonda St, Avondale Heights with a dotted track heading south near the future site of Braybrook Primary School, this would have been the route used by George Russell and Co.The Braybrook Township map shows streets leading to, and converging at,this ford. It would have been the aboriginal fish trap that stopped Charles Grimes' progress by boat a few hundred yards short of where brackish water became fresh; this point is shown on Melway. Later maps clearly show that Solomon's ford was at the end of North Road and the ramp leading down to it, shown on the Doutta Galla maps, is still indicated by a dotted line on Melway.

In an enquiry into closed roads (of which the K.H.S.should have a copy), Clancy stated that he'd arrived in about 1856 and his first task would have been to clear his land,not of trees but of rocks. He used many of them to build walls which the lovely Mr D., the father of Braybrook and pub owner, had his henchmen pull down scattering the rocks in Clancy's crops. Harry Peck makes it clear in his MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN that Mr D's purpose was to drive off Clancy and his fellow battlers so he could graze the horses he supplied to the army in India. Clancy owned land in Cut Cut Paw as well so he may have two reasons to build a ford. His Doutta Galla land was near the point where brackish water became fresh and the former was not much good for watering stock or crops. Some rocks would have been too heavy to lift but they could be rolled into the river.They would not be swept downstream in the next flood. The resultant ford would give him access to his Cut Cut Paw land* and prevent the progress of brackish water upstream during king tides.
(*The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1878 p 2 Advertising.
SHIRE OF BRAYBROOK.
Maidstone, 17th October, 1878.
IN accordance with Clause 265 of the Local Government Act 1874, the following Valuation of the Rateable Property in the Shire is published for the information of the parties rated.WILLIAM PULLAR.
Clancy, Michael, Hampstead nett annual value 2 pounds.

Clancy's boundaries were later adjusted,presumably so people could access his ford which may have been called Solomon's ford by newspapers, such as when Clancy's son had a mishap. The Melbourne Hunt seem to have referred to the North Rd ford as McIntyre's ford but Cr Delahey and Crs Dodd (of Keilor and Braybrook)were in no doubt that it was Solomon's ford.

Not long after Braybook Township was declared, a shorter route became possible and because it was no longer on a busy route, the township died in its infancy. Below follows a potted history of Braybrook North Township from my journal, WHICH FORD WAS SOLOMON'S FORD NEAR AVONDALE HEIGHTS,VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA?

*BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Michael Clancy's evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald's* properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy's 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim's crops. Derham had Clancy's lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.

(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine, south of McIntyre's Riversdale.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKenna's closer settlement farm.(P.45, EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)

GRAZING.
The Keilor Plains were formed by volcanic flows. The Maribyrnong River cut its way through the rock producing a valley and exposing the fascinating Organ Pipes not far north of James Robertson's Upper Keilor Homestead. This homestead was constructed with bluestone, as were many others near the river, such as Seafield, Victoria Bank and Oakbank in section 8 Tullamarine and Edward Wilson's dairy on Arundel was built with the stone. Bluestone for the McNabs' Oakbank was quarried close to the house with the resulting depression being cleverly used. (Archealogical Survey.) Many bluestone structures were built using freestone, which could also be used for drystone rock walls, as Michael Clancy did in today's Avondale Heights (see CLOSER SETTLEMENT) and Goudie (or Dodd?)did near the Brimbank homestead (see history board near the homestead.)


Freestone lay everywhere and was a major impediment to agriculture. This was bad at the time but good when closer settlement was commenced because, as stated in advertisements,the land was UNTOUCHED BY THE PLOUGH. Those impressed by this phrase realised that it meant the soil had not been depleted as described in the 1861 article in my CHRONOLOGY OF EARLY TULLAMARINE journal. The land on the Tullamarine side was grazed by the Grant and McNab Ayshires, Robert McDougall's shorthorns. Ritchie of Aucholzie was probably more into sheep like Taylor and Robertson who owned a huge slab of the parish of Maribyrnong across the river.Much later,when R.J.Gilbertson owned Aucholzie and Overpostle on Tullamarine Island,his slaughtermen earned extra money at weekends picking up freestone on Overpostle. (Source: Bob Blackwell or Mr Bedford of Fleetbank or Ed Fanning of Sunnyside-I've forgotten which.)

Before agriculture could commence,the freestone had to be removed. Those with large areas of land could take the easy options of grazing and dairying but there is no doubt the closer settlement pioneers would have cleared the rocks and exploited the still-fertile soil.

CLOSER SETTLEMENT.
See Comment box 2. When the shire borrowed 5000 pounds in 1911 to make new roads, one of these was SETTLEMENT ROAD in the Doutta Galla Riding. Settlement Road was, without doubt North Pole Road,today's Milleara Rd as far south as Buckley St from where North Rd and Military Rd ( both crown allotment boundaries) led to Canning St.
The following four pages would not submit as a whole in the journal or a comment box. It will have to be posted in nibbles.

1. THE ARUNDEL CLOSER SETTLEMENT AND ROADS.
Oops again. In comment box 6, immediately before the report of the 1937 meeting, I stated that Geraghty's Paddock (block 9)was in the Arundel portion of the Arundel Closer Settlement; I had meant to write: "in the Annandale portion of the Arundel Closer Settlement." The western boundary of Geraghty's Paddock was 1987.7 links* (397.54 metres) east of the boundary between Arundel(section 1) and Annandale (section 2.) Alf Cock's Glenview to the south straddled the section boundary.

2. (*See below in italics how the un-shown boundary between sections 1 and 2 was established.)

How would I know that? I googled TULLAMARINE,COUNTY OF BOURKE and chose the first map:
Parish of Tullamarine, County of Bourke [cartographic ... - Slv
digital.slv.vic.gov.au/dtl_publish/simpleimages/30/1258115.html

3. As the boundary between sections 1 and 2 is not shown and Joe Thomas's "Tullamar" (as it was called in the airport acquisition map, circa 1960)is wrongly labelled lot 7 instead of 7 and 8, I presume that the 1350 links shown in the north east corner is the northern boundary of lot 7 (almost identical to that of lot 6)and the east boundary of lot 7 was the section 1/ 2 boundary. I also presume that the next distance of 1987.7 links was the northern boundary of lot 8,which was entirely in section 2.

4. Measurements are in links,etc Oops! Google Chrome could not connect to www.familytreecircles.com
Measurements are in links, 100 of which equal a chain. 1 chain = 20.1168 metres, which I have rounded to 20 metres for my calculations so Geraghty's Paddocks' western boundary was 399.861634 metres east of Arundel to be exact. Steeles Creek starts near the south east corner of Geraghty's Paddock.

In 1913, the 330 acres of Annandale that had not become part of the closer settlement were divided into two 165 acre farms. As far as I remember, Bill Parr's now-demolished house was in the north east corner of Melway 15 D2. This was in the south east corner of section 2 but north of the course that the unmade section of Annandale Rd would follow to the PRESENT end of Sharps Rd. Bill Parr and his brother Sam were jointly occupying this farm in 1913. Thomas and Arthur Nash were occupying the other 165 acre farm which was probably to the south west with the extension of Sharps Rd being its southern boundary and the homestead fronting the south side of the later Annandale Rd extension.

One interesting thing about the map is that Sharps Rd (the boundary between Tullamarine and Doutta Galla parishes) is shown (with dotted lines) extending about 500 metres farther east than it does today (80 X 20.1168m, 1609.344 metres or a mile west of Broadmeadows Rd.) Why? Because Annandale Rd only ran between Arundel Rd and the east boundary of Geraghty's Paddock and Alf Cock's Glenview. Thomas and Arthur Nash would have accessed their homestead from the end of the Sharps Rd EXTENSION by way of the road north that seems to head nowhere and was obviously a driveway.

Why didn't Annandale Rd go all the way to the present end of Sharps Rd?
The following article makes it pretty clear. The Closer Settlement Board was determined to maximise its profits at the expense of the shire, which was just managing to stay afloat without additional outlays. The board even proposed a low-level bridge such as the ones on the main road that swept away or formed dams so that road approaches were gouged away until Brees' high level bridge was built in 1854. You can bet that the board stipulated that its money was only used on roads within the closer settlement and not an inch farther; Annandale Rd stopped dead at the eastern boundary of the closer settlement.

Now I see how Bertam's ford became Milburn's Weir. The connection to the ford is shown on the aforementioned Tullamarine parish map. If Cr. Milburn had not agreed to let the council open Bertrams ford when the bridge became impassable,this story may never had been written. You will remember that the first contractor's bridge was washed away by the major 1906 flood.
SAD FATALITY. FATHER AND SON DROWNED. BOY'S WONDERFUL ESCAPE.
Sunbury News (Vic. : 1900 - 1910) Saturday 20 October 1906 p 3 Article
... Mansfield, a well-known farmer, and his son, William, about seven years of age, together with a lad named ... buggy, leading a horse with a halter, and Mr. Mansfield and his son were in the front. Mr. Mans -field ...

The Keilor Skull was found where Back Creek meets the river at Melway 14 J4.

KEILOR SHIRE COUNCIL.
A SPECIAL MEETING.
THE ARUNDEL ESTATE.
A special meeting of the Keilor Shire Council was held on Saturday last, when all the members, with the exception of Cr Dodd, were present. Those present were-Cr. Taylor (in the chair), and Crs. Delahey, Harrick, Milburn, O'Neill, Parr, Mc'Nab, and Ritchie.

The object of the meeting was to consider whether the Council would accept the offer of the Closer Settlement Board to provide the sum of 850 towards the cost of erecting a bridge across the Saltwater River at Arundel, another over Back Creek, and to form about a mile and a quarter of roads laid out on steep hill lines. The board contemplated only a low water bridge, which would cost about 300 but the council considered that a high level bridge was necessary at a cost of 600, and that 250 was altogether too little for the other works. Then the council's surveyor objected to do all this extra work without special payment,which the board contended the council should undertake. It is calculated that there is a loading* of about 1800 at the Arundel and Annandale estates,which are to be served by these works, and that the costs of surveying and other flotation expenses might reach 900, and the council had been advised that it would take 1600 at least to build the bridge and make the roads fit for traffic.
(*Cost of infrastructure included in the price of blocks.- itellya.)

The gross annual income of the shire is under 900, and when salaries, road maintenance and other expenses are paid there is only about 100 for new works. Through the purchase of these estates by the Crown no rate can be laid upon the land until it is selected. This year the loss of rates amounts to about 50.

At the meeting of the council on Saturday last it was mentioned incidentally that all the allotments are taken up on Arundel, and only twelve on the Overnewton Estate remain unselected, these being as good land as many of the others, but destitute of improvements.

The shire engineer, Mr J. S.Jenkins, announced that he had been sent for last Thursday by the secretary of the board, and had been informed that, in order to expedite the erection of a bridge over the Saltwater River, that was necessary, and the formation of the roads, the board would pay him commission if he would prepare the plans at once and carry out the work. He accepted the terms, and the board had sent a letter to the council offering to pay him 5 per cent commission on 850, and asking that the council should, at its earliest convenience, let the board know whether the work would be anthorised to be done, and when the plans and specifications would be submitted to the Inspector General of Public Works. The engineer reported that if this offer were accepted the council would have to provide the extra cost of the bridge over 400, which the board had allotted to the bridge, and the site for the bridge on a high level.

The latter was proposed to be got from Cr Milburn in exchange for a Government road within his fence which could be transferred to him. He (the engineer) recommended the keeping open of the road now existing to the ford from its divergence from the proposed approach to the bridge. If that were done and the new bridge became unusable at any time, the crossing at the ford would still be available . The control of the ford should be kept in the hands of the council. On the motion of Cr Milburn, seconded by Cr O'Neil, the proposal of the Closer Settlement Board was adopted unanimously.

Cr Milburn, after previously intimating that he objected to the keeping open of the road to the ford in the event of bridge being made, withdrew whilst the other councillors discussed the terms of the proposed exchange. On his return-

Cr Delahey moved " That Cr Milburn's offer to exchange the land required for an approach, commencing near the north end of the aqueduct and widening to one chain wide at the bridge, for the road proposed to be closed (the same being an equal area,and including a short piece of the old road leading west to the ford), be accepted. Further, that we accept Cr Milburn's stipulation to close the ford, providing that he guarantees permission to the council to use the approach to the ford whenever the bridge becomes impassable.Cr Taylor seconded the motion. (P.3,Sunbury News,27-1-1906.)

Now we see why the Arundel bridge was so important. There was no road reserve to provide access to the closer settlement from Tullamarine. It is possible that the rest of Annandale Rd (to Sharps Rd)was financed by a huge loan taken out 1911; it was referred to by Cr Dodd as being for new roads and 60 chains of Annandale Rd was one of these works. The parish map indicates that the unmade section of Annandale Rd was only 40 chains but work might have been needed on the steep, winding, original section between the creek bridge and Glenview.

The eastern section of Annandale Rd, from Steeles Creek to the present end of Sharps Rd,was probably made in 1911 when council borrowed 5000 pounds to build "new roads" as Cr Dodd put it. Money had been allocated for 60 chains of Annandale Rd; I calculate this distance to be only 40 chains but major reconstruction may have been needed for the steep winding section from the "Back Creek" bridge to Glenview on the crest of the hill.


THE SPANISH INVASION.
Jose Borrell stayed with relatives who were farming at Garden St,near Moreland Rd, Essendon, before buying Gumm's Corner from the Cahills after the 1916 flood. The bluestone homestead was either luckily still standing after a fire which started when the Cahill's were smoking bacon decades earlier or a replacement. Joe enlarged the dwelling, using the bluestone section as the lounge room; his additions have been demolished.A gully ran south through the property so Jose levelled his land with a horse and scoop producing the saucer-like depression we see today. The original south end of Arundel Rd was renamed Borrell St to honour these Spanish pioneers. (Joe Borrell. N.B. the B volume of my DHOTAMA including more detail and grainy photocopies of Joe's photos can be supplied if desired.)

Jack Vert established a market garden in the area now occupied by Vert St, Barcelona Ave and Gerona Court,which I believe was part of David Yates' racecourse. Vert is obviously an anglicised version of his original surname.

Frank Sayers had a market garden on the flats of Brimbank Park. (Page C237, DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.)

Emilio Cuartero was assessed in 1943 on land off Keilor Rd. The 1954-5 ratebook reveals that he was rated on a house on 6 acres and a house on 4 acres. Emilio was on section 20 Doutta Galla, as was Louie Foo. (Page C237 DHOTAMA.) The Cuartero property was accessed via Flora St by way of a bridge which was destroyed in the 1974 flood and replaced with a concrete bridge. I presume the farm was called Rio Vista, that being the name of the soil they were selling circa 1990. Frank Cuartero told me that Emilio had come from the famous orange-growing province of Valencia in 1925. He spent two years cutting sugar cane in Queensland and three years at his brother's market garden in Vida St, Essendon before settling at Keilor. (Page C246, DHOTAMA.)
N.B.I am positive that there was an article in the K.H.S. newsletter with much more detail.




1841.
I wonder who Elizabeth Watson was? Was she the mother of James Watson?
LIST OF SQUATTERS SORTED ALPHABETICALLY
collections.historyvictoria.com.au/rhsvdatabases/squatters.pdf
Unit 13, Year 41, File. 551 Watson, Elizabeth, Keillor run, squatter in District of Bourke


1842.
Victoria Hotel Licenses 1842 - Oz History Mine
www.ozhistorymine.com/html/victoria_1842.html

Publicans License...Robert Crow...Keillor Inn...Salt Water River...Publicans License

1845.
Michael McEchearn, granted Keilor Keilor Inn' annual Publican's license - source Port Phillip Herald 17 Apr 1845
Michael McEachern wed Mary Lister in 1847 at Church of England St James, Melbourne;
Directory 1847 publican, Keillor
Patrick Mcdonaugh - OoCities
www.oocities.org/vic1847/mc/mc08.html


1847.
SHOULD KEILOR BE KEILLOR?
If I remember correctly it was James Watson who gave the run its name (as he did in regard to Flemington), so I presume that he knew how to spell it. The Keillor spelling was common in the 1840's.

IMPOUNDING AT KEILLOR. THIS is to give notice to all parties who have cattle running on the Keillor Run that
unless they are immediately removed they will be impounded.
JAMES WATSON. Flemington, 22nd July, 1847. (P.3, The Melbourne Argus,27-7-1847.)

One of the three historical Keilor souvenirs (1950,1961 and 1963)said that Keilor was a Gaelic word for "plenty" if I remember correctly and that Hunter and Watson were financed by the Marquis of Ailsa (after whom one of the Keilor Village streets was named.)I could not confirm the meaning of Keilor on the internet.It has been claimed that James Watson was responsible for the naming of Flemington, Keilor, Rosanna and Watsonia. Sam Merrifield claimed that there had earlier been a woolshed built by Watson* on the site of Tulip Wright's Lincolnshire Arms at Bendigo Corner (North Essendon.)

(*J.Watson was granted 13D, Doutta Galla on 27-6-1849. Extending south to Braybrook road (Buckley St) this fronted Keilor Rd west from Lincoln Rd to the future reservoir east of McCracken St (Thompson Reserve)where it adjoined the future Mar Lodge,granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor on the same date.The Lincolnshire Arms was built on the north east corner of 13D. N.B. To get the Doutta galla parish map online,google DOUTTA GALLA,COUNTY OF BOURKE.

Crown allotment 13C, consisting of three farms, one of which was called "Flatfield", was inherited by the bachelor son of James Snr,Francis,who became a member of parliament, and named the property Mar Lodge. The homestead remains at 33A? Forrester St. Another son, James inherited land adjoining Peter McCracken's Ardmillan and James's daughter,Margaret,married Peter's son,Coiler. It is no surprise that Mar Lodge passed into McCracken ownership and they set up a golf course on it. (Documents etc from Deidre Farfor, a Robertson descendant, and THE GOLD THE BLUE, a history of Lowther Hall by A.D.Pyke.)

This comment may have been written by Marcus Breen whose great book, which I read at the Newmarket Library so many years ago, examined the origin of the name of Flemington.

Thanks for so much information in your reply MonicaL. :)
I have done a lot of work on this story of the Melbourne Flemington as I wrote an entry in the Encyclopedia of Melbourne on its naming, and caused a stir. It was obviously named after Flemington Estate of James Rose esq. in Scotland, Elizabeth's father, not the butcher named Fleming as had long been supposed.
A document in the State Library of Victoria claims Alexander Hunter (sen) and James Watson (sen) were boyhood friends, meeting in later life and organising the pastoral concern in which their sons and some Hunter cousins were involved. I have never been able to find that James Watson (snr).
The Marquis of Ailsa and others funded this concern which was doomed to failure.
The Melbourne James Watson married again when Elizabeth died in May 1847. The second wife Anne Hawker gave details on his 1869 death certificate which were incorrect.
I have even visited the area in SCotland and stood outside the Keillor steading - which is now being developed. The origin of the Australian Keillor is often misquoted, giving Hugh as James's father. Hence my original post.
However I have never seen the reference you have given to Margaret Rose being a possible sister. I will pursue these new thoughts
Thank you

The ancestry of James Watson is a mystery but you might like to read some other contributions on this genealogical forum.
Hugh Watson of Keillor and Angus cattle fame Genealogy - RootsChat
www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?topic=690578.0

An article by my old mate,Bob Chalmers, about James Watson is on this website.
James Watson Flemington Heritage
www.flemingtonheritage.org.au/people/james-watson/

Hugh Glass who bought the Flemington Estate was a Keilor ratepayer in 1868 (the earliest rate book I managed to find in Keilor's strongroom.)Owen Connor was a grantee of much of what became in the early 1900's John Dodd's Brimbank farm (north of the high tension electrical lines running east to the substation near the entrance to Brimbank Park.) Connor had probably lost his farm "Keilor Binn Farm*" to Glass due to an undischarged mortgage.(*KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES.)

A Keillor, saltwater river search on google led to the other side of Watson and Hunter partnership. I forgot which side was said by a Keilor historical souvenir to have eaten up profits with high living but I suspect that it was the horseracing mad Hunters.

Continuing with some information of the Hunters who spent many years in the Western District.Keillor (North of Melbourne) was the home station of the 5 Hunter brothers,sons of Alex Hunter - Blair & Cowan, solicitors -
'Writers to the Signet' in Edinburgh.

I have the book "Silks and Saddles" and will do lookups.
KEILLOR was the home station of the early Scottish explorer Alexander McLean Hunter (19 years) who in 1839
explored the Delatite, Mount Battery, Devils River area, now Mansfield. He held leases over thousands of acres before Mansfield was designated. He married 1850 to Eliza Ann Bostock born Tasmania to Robert and Rachael.

There were 5 brothers who came from Scotland and all were champion Steeple Chasers. However, I have a story from the old magazine 'Parade' 1967 with a long story of how the 5 brothers were larrikin gentlemen.
"After the formation of the first Port Phillip Turf Club in December 1840, none of the brothers ever missed a race meeting. Needing a secret track for trial gallops, the Hunters and other found a suitable mile square flat
beside the Saltwater (Maribyrnong) River. Because it was proved to be the ideal site for a rival racecourse, the specially formed Melbourne Racing Club, with Alex Hunter as Honorary Secretary opened soon after.Thus was born the FLEMINGTON RACE COURSE " end quote.

Often as many as four Hunter were in the one race which put them in the public eye. WATSON and HUNTER were
part of a syndicate from Scotland looking to investment. I have the story of Watson and Hunter if anyone would like me to post to the list. Thanks for your interest.
Thelma (Bostock) Birrell at Maroochydore.
(RootsWeb: AUS-VIC-WESTERN-DISTRICT-L Hunter ...
archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com ... 2004-05)

I've read many websites about the Hunters and forgotten 99% of the information. However I do remember that they gave Devils River its name. They spent a sleepless night camped by the stream because of the racket made by the area's fauna.


1849.
See D.T.Kilburn's advertisement in my comment about the locality name Springfield under 1867.

APPROACHES TO KEILOR BRIDGE.
TENDERS will be received until noon of Saturday the 30th instant, from parties willing to contract for forming an additional portion of the approaches to Keilor Bridge, on the Portland road. Tenders to be endorsed " Tender for Keilor bridge approaches," and deposited at the box marked " Tenders for Works and Stores" at the western entrance of the government offices ; or, they may be forwarded by post directed to "His Honor the Superintendent, Melbourne."
Plan and specification can be seen upon application to Mr. Mitchell of the Keilor Inn, and at the undermentioned office. The government will not necessarily accept the lowest tender.(P.1, Argus,25-6-1849.)

Because the early bridges at Keilor were only built from the top of one bank to the top of the other, they became dams when the river flooded,putting enormous strain on the structures but also caused the water to scour the banks, eroding the approaches. Samuel Brees'1854 bridge survived 15 years before being replaced by the flower basket bridge because it was elevated above the highest possible flood level.

1854.
FIFTY POUNDS Reward.-The above reward will be given to any person or persons, who will give such information as will lead to the conviction of the party or parties, who, on the 7th inst, stabbed James Laverty's horses, of the North Pole, Keilor Road. JAMES LAVERTY, North Pole, near Keilor. (P.8, Argus, 11-12-1854.)

1856.
This entry is not pertinent to Keilor. It is put here to remind everyone that James Laverty's hotel near Keilor was the North Pole Inn. The Harvest Home fronted Mt Alexander Rd at the west end of Hiskins St, Moonee Ponds.

T0 Let.-To be Let, upon such terms as may be agreed upon, the Harvest Home public-house, together with one acre kitchen garden, situated at Moonee Ponds, on the main road to the diggings, doing at present a first rate business. This is a rare opportunity, being one of the first houses on the road.
Apply to JAMES LAVERTY, Harvest Home, Moonee Ponds. (P.8, Argus, 5-9-1856)

1862.
Having lost an hour's typing, my summary of the Anderson story will be skeletal this time. William Anderson settled in Keilor as a blacksmith and later ran a store there. He was killed at the bridge when his son, James was quite young but James became a successful man, farming James Wilson's Springbank on the west side of Hoffmans Rd, and, when his mother* died, John Beale's "Shelton" on the east side of North Pole (Milleara) Rd.
(*Catherine Anderson was an early resident of (present) No 58 A and B, Ardmillan Rd and was probably the daughter of Donald Stewart, William's widow and the mother of James, who died at Shelton. John Beale also became an Ardmillan Rd resident, calling his house Shelton.)

James later retired to "Braeside" fronting Green Gully Rd south of Church St. Don,a son of James,had an apricot orchard on Horseshoe Bend and his homestead is now a feature of Horseshoe Bend Park. Peter,son of Don, married a daughter of the Hendersons who ran the brick post office at Tullamarine that was demolished to allow construction of Hendersons Rd. When I interviewed Peter circa 1990 he was living on an eastern corner block on the north side of Church St, Keilor. Here is how Peter's great grandfather died.

Tho city coroner held an inquest yesterday, at the Melbourne Hospital, on the body of William Anderson. It appeared from the evidence that on tho 10th instant, the deceased was returning from Melbourno to Keilor with a load of coals, when his horse took fright, ran against the toll-gate at Keilor, and precipitated deceased vio-lently to the ground. He was taken up in an insensible condition, and on removal to the hospital was found to have sustained so severe an injury to the right leg that it was necessary to perform amputation. He never rallied, and died in the hospital on the 25th instant. Tho deceased was a storekeeper, and has left a wife and four children. The jury found that he had "Died from the effects of injuries accidentally received."
(P.4, Argus,28-2-1862.)

1867.
One of the signs of the rate at which our society is ramifying is the recent establishment of an institution dignified by the exalted name of "Sanatorium," but more properly called a private hospital, in the country, under the best atmospheric conditions. " Brompton-lodge," Springfield* ,' just opened by Dr. Crooke, of Fitzroy, for the treatment of cases requiring dietetic andphysical treatment, such as consumption, rheumatism, gout, and " dipsomania," is a rather handsome stone house, standing within an enclosure of about seventy acres, variously cultivated, and situated near the Mount Alexander road, on the Keilor Plains, eight miles from
Melbourne and three from Keilor. The situation appears good, for the clay soil is (etc).
(P.3,The Mercury,Hobart,6-4-1867.)
* The Fosters called section 3 Tullamarine and section 20 Doutta Galla "Springs". David William O'Nial's Lady of the Lake hotel at Tullamarine and a landowner on Keilor Rd were both described as being at Springs which was rather confusing. D.T.Kilburn later bought 400 acres of 3 Tullamarine (Fairfield) but in 1849 he placed this advertisement for his Keilor Rd grants (Fairview.)

FOR a term of years, two adjoining Farms, of about eighty acres each, situated on the Springs, next Main's section, Keilor road, seven miles from town. The land is excellent, and the whole fit for the plough without any clearing being required. Apply to DOUGLAS T. KILBURN.(P.3, Argus,12-7-1849.)

To prevent confusion,the Keilor Rd area was rebadged as Springfield,the name of the farm between Spring Park and the Roberts Rd corner.


1877.
KEILOR.
FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
After the Church which has recently been built
here was finished, there remained upon it a, debt
amounting to something-like 170. A tea meet
ing held on the 28th, and a collection made at it,
cleared away a part of this debt; a meeting was
then held to consider the best means of liquidating
the remainder, when Mr. W. J. Clarke, of Sunbury,
with his well-known and wide-spread liberality.
forwarded the committee a cheque for the required
sum, viz., 127 4s. The thanks of the congrega
tion are indeed due to Mr. Clarke for this hand
some donation, as it would be some time before
they could have reasonably expected to clear off
the incubus.
An industrious farmer named Kelly had the
misfortune to have a stack of hay, containing
about 50 tons, burnt last week. It was caused by
some of his children lighting a fire near the stack.
He estimates his loss at above 200.
A child named Wright bad a narrow escape from
drowning on Sunday last by falling off a swing
into the river a distance of about 20 feet. A
young man named Ray, who had observed the
accident, at once went in and brought her out, not
much the worse for her sudden immersion.
A team from the Keilor Cricket Club proceeded
to Ascot Vale last Saturday to try conclusions
with the local club, but, owing to some of the
players being rather late in turning up, the game
could not be finished.P.3, The Bacchus Marsh Express, 10-2-1877.)

RECENTLY BUILT CHURCH.
William John Turner(Big Clarke)was asked what he thought of the spending of his son, William John, (I think at the time Rupertswood was being built)and he replied that he hoped William John got as much fun out of spending the money as he (W.J.T.) had enjoyed making it. Rupertswood and the Melbourne mansion accounted for some of the son's spending but his philanthropy knew no bounds,as indicated below. The grounds of Rupertwood provided a favourite recreational haunt for ordinary people until W.J.'s son, Baronet Rupert, imposed a ban because of irresponsible behaviour. W.J.Clarke was knighted because of his parliamentary service,philanthropy or both, and on the day of his funeral, Melbourne was draped in black and virtually came to a standstill.
For more detail, see:
Sir William John Clarke - Australian Dictionary of Biography
adb.anu.edu.au/biography/clarke-william-john-3229


I knew the church would be Christ Church but a google search using those words looked unlikely to bear fruit so I tried "Historic Anglican church Keilor". Bingo!


All Brimbank Data - Brimbank City Council
www.brimbank.vic.gov.au/files/...73f4.../HO93ChristChurchKeilor.pdf


Brimbank City Council Post-contact Cultural Heritage Study
2000 Study Site N 088
36 Keilor
1877
Statement of Significance
Christ Church, Keilor, is of regional historical, architectural and social significance as the second oldest
church in the Brimbank area and the oldest Anglican church in the municipality. For many years it was
the only non-Catholic church in Keilor. (An early Presbyterian church became derelict by the early
years of the 20th century.) It has been associated with a number of early Keilor families, including
Milburns, Goudies, Seulings and Bonfields. The simple design of the church reflects the limited means
of the local community. Its bluestone construction is also a reflection of the available resources and
local geology which determined much of the early building design in Melbourne's west during the
nineteenth century.
Other listings: NatTrust, VHR
History
Description
A small plain brick church on bluestone foundations with steeply-pitched slate roof. The porch
features a bell-wall, while solid buttresses and Gothic, pointed arch windows break up the side walls.
Contrasting brickwork is used to pick out the corners and window surrounds. Modern additions in brick
for the community centre have been added to the building, involving opening up the interior to
provide a side chapel which was subsequently altered for other uses. The Taylor Gates (1947), in
clinker brick and wrought iron, have been constructed at the corner of Church Street.
HO Christ Church, Keilor (Anglican Church)
Location:
Map Reference: 14 H6
Heritage Overlay: 093
Recommended Level of Significa Local
Date
Reg No: 3703, nominated
Architect:
PAHT: 8 Developing Australia's cultural life
SUBTHEME 8.6 Worshipping
AHC Criteria: A4, E1,G1
093
HO status:
Church Street
print version 23-Jan-09 Page 1 of 2Brimbank City Council Post-contact Cultural Heritage Study
This small church in the heart of Keilor village was built in 1876. It was dedicated on 28 January 1877
by the Dean of Melbourne, Dr. McCartney. Previously, local members of the Church of England
worshipped in a corrugated iron building on the west side of Bonfield Street. The committee formed to
build the new church included John Beale, Ebenezer Bonfield, David Milburn, John Eagling, Henry
Joyce, David Luck and Henry Seuling. The church was part of a large parish, extending to Bulla and
Broadmeadows. The first vicar of the parish, Rev. Richard Rodda (1877-1906), lived at Broadmeadows
and would travel on horseback to visit parishioners and take services. The John Roskel Milburn
Centre, a community hall and centre, was added to the east side of the Church which was opened on 12
December 1976.

FARMER NAMED KELLY.

CHILD NAMED WRIGHT. (Thomas Bennett Wright?)

CRICKET.
Keilor residents enjoyed organised sport from very early times. Despite the gold rush having ended,Keilor had not become quite such a sleepy hollow as Bulla and Broadmeadows townships. Cricket teams were always formed in country areas before football teams but in many places formation of clubs did not occur until the 1890's depression when sport helped to lift people's spirits as Phar Lap did during the depression of the 1930's. In the 1890's, Keilor fielded its own footy team but Bulla,Broadmeadows(Township)and Tullamarine needed a combined team.



1881.
Keilor Road would have meant the Keilor- Melton Rd (thus Sydenham's original name of Keilor Road Station), while the road between Flemington and Keilor Village retained its single name, Mt. Alexander Road, well into the 1900's. Taylor's western land was basically between Keilor Rd and Taylor's Rd.

Just as the Lagoon (now filled in and one of the most well-used parks I've ever seen) was a feature of Keilor,the reservoir on the site of Thompson's Reserve (north east corner of Mar Lodge which was probably owned by the McCrackens by this time)would have been a landmark for Keilorites heading to and from the Big Smoke.

As farmers did not sell produce every week, although they could be self-sufficient in regard to food,the piggy bank could become empty without an additional source of revenue such as road maintenance contracts. James Harrick must have kept his piggy bank pretty full because a decade or so later he bought Kilburn's 400 acre "Fairfield" fronting the north side of Sharps Rd,west of Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine,later dividing it into two farms, the eastern half, now occupied by houses, becoming the Bakers'Preston Park/Tommy Loft's"Dalkeith".

KEILOR.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT).
A FIRE took place on Thursday last at Keilor Road in Mr. Taylor's estate, extending over a distance of four miles, and about 650 acres of fine grass was burned before the flames were extinguished. The origin of the fire is not definitely known, but as some matches were found near the place, it is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary.

A special meeting of the Keilor Shire Council was held at the Council chambers last Saturday for the purpose of accepting tenders. There were eight tenders received for the lagoon contract, and the successful tenderer was Mr. P. L. M'Guire, who proposes to excavate 3,000 yards of clay at 8d.per yard.

The next contract for laying metal on Mt. Alexander road was let to Mr. James Harrick at 1s. 3d. per yard.

A large reservoir is in course of construction at Essendon for the purpose of supplying Essendon,Flemington and Moonee Ponds with water,(etc.)
(P.3, The Bacchus Marsh Express,5-3-1881.)


1890.
The exact location and dimensions of the hotel are given in KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES; also a photo.

FIRE AT KEILOR.
ANOTHER OLD LAND MARK DESTROYED.
SHORTLY before seven o'clock on Saturday night a fire occurred at the Racecourse Hotel, Keilor, which burnt the building to the ground. In years gone by this old hostelry was a stopping place for the hundreds of adventurers
bound for the Castlemaine gold fields and was well-known in those times as the Waggoners' Arms. The hotel was a substantial structure but being built entirely of wood the flames soon obtained a firm hold and, as there was no water available, the onlookers had to content themselves with rescuing all the furniture they could lay hands on. Both the local brigades were called out, but the fire was too far away for them to attempt to reach it. (P.2, Independent,Footscray,SATURDAY*10-5-1890.) BOTH WHICH BRIGADES??????????
*THE FIRE WOULD HAVE BEEN ON 3-5-1890.

1892.
ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence, Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late
William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years. (P.1, Argus, 12-9-1892.)

1895.
SHIRE OF KEILOR DOUTTA GALLA RIDING ANNUAL ELECTION
The following have been duly nominated candidates for the election of one councillor for the Doutta Galla Riding of the shire of Keilor -
Mr William Delahey, of the Oaks,
Mr James Anderson, of Spring-bank Farm.
A POLL will therefore be TAKEN before me at the polling booth, Old Tollhouse, Keilor bridge, on Thursday, the 22nd day of August, 1895, commencing at 8 o'clock a.m. , and closing at 4 o'clock p.m.
WILLIAM M. GOUDIE., Returning Officer. Keilor, Aug 10, 1895. (P.2,Argus,12-8-1895.)

1918.
PROPERTY SALES
"SPRINGBANK" CLEARING SALE.
McPhail, Anderson and Co. report holding an important clearing sale on behalf of Mr. Jas. Anderson. "Buckley Park,*' Essendon, on Tuesday. 26th ult., owing to the property having been sold. As evidencing Mr. Anderson's popularity, after his long residence in the district, a great concourse of buyers attended, with the result that very high rates ranged right through, cattle, horses and plant selling splendidly.

The cattle were in grand condition, but the major portion of them had been calvedsome time, prices ranging to 26 for milch cows, and to 25 10s for heifers in milk: springers sold to 27, the whole herd making an extremely high average. Cows backward in calf sold to 20; do. heifers. 18: fat cows to 17: heifers, in lines, 2-year old. 13 5s: yearlings to 18 months old. 7 17s 6d. 8 2s 6d., 8 10s and 9 10s; calves,just dropped, to 2 12s 6d: poddy heifer calves, from 4 to 6 15s: draught horses to 28: light horses, to 20;
yearling draughts. to 14; child's pony, 21.

The plant and sundries sold equally as well, sets of light harness making to 8 10s: buggies, .17; drill. 18 10s; plough. 13. (P.3,Flemington Spectator, 7-3-1918.)

(*BUCKLEY PARK.
William Hoffman's Butzbach was on the east side of Hoffman's Rd (extending halfway to Lincoln Rd) but he'd bought land on Main's Estate on the other side of the road which may have taken on the same name. The Butzbach homestead block is indicated by the bend in Price St and Croft St. Croft, who worked in the postmaster General's Department (P.M.G.) probably bought Butzbach at the time of W.W.1 when anti-German sentiment was so strong that many wanted to get rid of the name Essendon because they thought its origin was Essen in Germany rather than the home village of William Pomeroy Greene of "Woodlands". It was probably Croft who changed his property's name to "Buckley Park". The land over Hoffmans Rd was once called Main's Estate but the use of this locality name had died out so to fill a void Croft's name was applied also in the area now called Niddrie. The current name could not be used at the time because it was the name of the Morgans'farm between Spring Park and Treadwell Rd on the NORTH side of Keilor Rd.)

1927.
Keilor Secretary Resigns
Called specially to "consider the removal" of Mr. James C. Sinclair from his office as secretary, the Keilor Shire Council, on Thursday night went into committee. Mr. H. E. Poole, Inspector of the Public Works Department, was in attendance, and it is understood presented Mr. Sinclair's resignation, which was accepted.
No announcement was made regarding the still missing books, but it is stated that they are beyond recovery.
Mr Croft, an officer, appointed on the recommendation of the Public Works Department, has spent several days in
straightening out affairs and he will engage in the work next Monday and continue until it has been oompleted.
As required by the Act, the Council will advertise for applications for the secretaryship, but it is anticipated that Mr. James Hocking, at present acting secretary, will be appointed.
(P.5, Sunshine Advocate,17-12-1927.)

1928.
Mr. James Hocking Appointed Keilor Shire Secretary
At the Keilor Council meeting last Saturday, Cr. Stenson moved, and Cr. Nash seconded, that Mr. James Hocking be appointed shire secretary, collector and interim valuer.
The motion was carried nem. con.

The President , Crs. McFarlane, Stenson, Burkitt, Parr, Nash, and Stevens congratulated Mr. Hocking upon his
appointment.The Secretary, in thanking the council, said that in his 26 years experience he had not dreamed that it was possible for the affairs of a shire council to get into such a tangled position as he found those of the Keilor Shire, and he was afraid that it would take a full twelve months before the office could be put in order. It was a most difficult position,but he would do his best, and hoped that it would be satisfactory, and that when the time came for them to part, as it must some day, they would do with respect on both sides. (hear, hear). (P.1,Sunshine Advocate,14-1-1928.)

1931.
NEW KEILOR SECRETARY
WELCOMED.
Mr. N. A. Woods, the recently appointed secretary to the Shire of Keilor, was officially welcomed at the council meeting on Saturday last. The President (Cr. J. H. Stevens), said he believed that the council had
selected the most suitable applicant for the position. Mr.Woods was a young man who had given promise of achieving big things, and for a growing district like Keilor, a young, capable official at the helm was
necessary. He trusted Mr. Woods would have long and honorable service with the shire,and extended to him the good wishes of his fellow councillors.

Mr.Woods, in reply, said that he realised that he had a standard to keep up in following in the footsteps of Mr. Hocking. He would, by hard work and strict attention to detail, try to convince the council that their
confidence had not been misplaced. He had had good experience under excellent management at Broadmeadows, and
he would do his best to emulate the good work of his predecessor.

Mr. Woods' handling of the business of the meeting was characterised by efficiency and tact, and augurs well for the future of the shire. (P.1, Sunshine Advocate,23-1-1931.)

A good choice indeed. Good experience indeed. The President trusted correctly!
next 7 lines won't submit After four attempts to submit just 3 lines here,comments re Norm Woods have been posted in comment box 7.

10 comment(s), latest 1 week, 5 days ago

ROBERT GEORGE ELY, KEILOR, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

10:25 P.M, 8-10-2014.
Robert George Ely was the teacher at Tullamarine when a couple of Hendry lads and Joseph Jackson were persuaded by too much grog to vandalise Robert's school, which I believe was school 632 on the inside of the bend in Cherie St,Tullamarine,if I interpreted the title document correctly. See the court report in my journal EARLY CHRONOLOGY OF TULLAMARINE. I commented about Robert's role as Keilor's postmaster, shire secretary (or was it the earlier road board?) and Robert having to travel between two schools every lunchtime at one time.

No doubt Chris Laskowski, Angela Evans or Sue Jennison have written about Robert somewhere,otherwise I would not have known about his half-time schools, which are mentioned in the first entry which cropped up in a trove search for TULLAMARINE ISLAND. Let's see how much trove can tell us about Robert and his family. As the first President of the reformed Keilor Historical Society circa 1989, whose greatest achievement was handing over the reins to Susan Jennison O.A.M., it's about time my focus switched to Keilor as Bulla,Broady and Tulla have had a good run.

ROBERT GEORGE ELY.
The Keilor Road State School was examined last week by Mr. Inspector Brodribb, and the result of the examination reflects the greatest possible credit on Mr. Ely, the teacher. Though obliged to give half his time to another half-time school at Tullamarine Island, he worked so energetically for the past twelve months, that he has brought the schools up to and above some of the full time schools. The Inspector, besides giving Mr. Ely a flattering report, gave him over 60 per cent. results on the combined average of the two schools.

Seventy-five per cent of those presented got certificates, amongst whom figures Marion Harvie,aged ten, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harvie, of the Keilor Road hotel.
(The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 17 June 1882 p 3 Article)

ABOUT CRAWFORD HARVIE (crawford harvie,keilor road station search.)
Mr. Crawford Harvie, who died on Saturday last, was well known and universally respected during the many years that he,with his wife and family, kept the Keilor road hotel, at what was then the terminus of the line of coaches between the Keilor road station and Bacchus Marsh, and beyond. The late Mr. Harvie was one of the best type of colonists, whose conduct in every respect was a good example to everyone. He was auditor for Keilor
Shire for many years. The following paragraph is from the Terang Express of Tuesday last:-Our readers will regret to hear of the death of Mr. Crawford Harvie, proprietor of the Commercial hotel, Terang. For the past 8 years Mr. Harvie has been bedridden, and he passed away quietly on Saturday evening last.

Born in 1823 at Beith, Ayrshire, Scotland. he came to Victoria when a young man of 30 years of age, and settled at Keilor, where he remained for about 30 years. Seventeen years ago he purchased the Commercial hotel property, Terang, and with his wife and family has resided here ever since.The deceased leaves a widow and grown up family of two sons and three daughters to mourn his lose. The funeral was very largely attended yesterday by district residents and friends from a distance. The Rev. S. Fraser, M.A., conducted the service at the grave. (The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 14 February 1903 p 2 Article)

Ironically Crawford's son in law was probably related to the Hendry lads from Tullamarine who trashed Robert Ely's school.

HENDRY -HARVIE .-On the 14th December, at Keilor road Station, by the Rev. Wm. Groundwater Fraser, Wm. Hendry, of Moonee Ponds, to Janet, eldest daughter of Crawford Harvie. (P.1, Argus,20-2-1878.)

Keilor Road Station was renamed Sydenham. A document, produced by the defunct Sydenham Historical Society, explaining the origin of the new name with a photo of Crawford's now-demolished hotel and detailing its location should be in the custody of the Keilor Historical Society. The Crawford Harvie entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND has much extra information including the two hotels at Sydenham (Crawford's Union-by 1856, and Alex Furlong's Railway),Crawford's grants superimposed on Melway,the robbery at the Union and subsequent hanging and Crawford being the correspondent of the area's (schools)Board of Advice when the C. of E. school at the bottom of Bonfield St was replaced with a new school farther up the hill. Any Harvie descendants should private message me their email address if they would like a copy of the H1 file.

CRAWFORD'S OFF TO TERANG.
The following would never have been found if I had not had Keilor road station in the search term. I have left Crawford's name uncorrected to explain why.

THURSDAY,. 7th JANUARY, 1886.
CLEARING-OUT SALE AT KEILOR ROAD.
KING & COMPANY have received instructions from Mr.CaswBoan,HAnvis, to sell by Public Auction,, on the ground, at Keilor Road Station, on THURSDAY, 7th. January, 1886,commencing at 2 o'clock sharp, his very valuable freehold property containing 112a. 3r. 16p. of FREEHOLD LAND, adjoining the Keilor Road Station, with a long frontage to a Government road running along the Sandhurst line;- also a long frontage to the main Melbourne and Ballarat road; well fenced and permanently watered. A splendid block forsubdivision.
Also, the whole of his Cattle, Horses, Household Furniture, and Dairy Utensils,comprising 30 head of Cattle, consisting of Cows in full milk, dry Cows, and young stock, 5 Horses, including Draught Mare, Buggy Mare, and Saddle Horses, Buggy, Spring Cart, Dray, &c.The whole of the Household Furniture, including good Pianoforte.
The whole for Positive Sale, Without Reserve,as Mr. Harvie is leaving the district at once.
(The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 26 December 1885 p 2 Advertising)


BACK TO ROBERT.
POSTMASTER AND ELECTORAL REGISTRAR.
The postmaster, such as William Bethell at Bulla and George Couser at Broadmeadows Township was usually appointed as the electoral registrar for a district because people such as farmers and carriers would be unavailable when they were needed.

ELECTORAL REGISTRARS.
The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864) Thursday 16 July 1863 p 3 Article
... Brown, Footscray; Gisborne, Henry Carroll, clerk of petty sessions, Gisborne; Keilor, R G. Ely, postmaster, Keilor; Kororoit, W. Puller, secretary to road board, Braybrook; Lancefield, Dr Phipps

KEILOR ROAD BOARD.
There may never have been a road board, shire or city of Keilor if the local members of parliament (West Bourke) had not agitated so strongly. This was a large electorate including even Blackwood, that sleepy hollow that at the time was a booming gold mining settlement. In 1974-5, the City of Sunshine wanted to merge with the City of Keilor but this approach was firmly rejected. However the merger did take place about two decades later when Victoria's historic municipalities were Jeffed. Where are the City of Brimbank councillors in 2014?

The complicated dispute respecting the division of the Keilor district between three competing district road boards-viz., those of Bulla, Braybrook,and Melton-was yesterday brought before tho Hon. Commissioner of Roads and Bridges by a deputation consisting of Mr. P. Phelan, late member for West Bourke ; Messrs. M'Mahon and J. T.Smith, the sitting members for that electoral district; and several other gentlemen interested in the question. Their complaint was that they (the residents)had thus been divided against their will, and even without their knowledge, the advertisement of the boundaries not having been noticed by them; and they now
urged that Government should take some steps to allow them to have a separate road board of their own, and so assess themselves.

Mr. Mitchell pointed out that to do this would be a tedious and expensive process, whereas he offered to take care that their portions of the grants in aid to each district, as well as the amount raised by assessment were secured to them. Moreover, he reminded them that by the time they could be separated the District Councils Bill would probably have become law. At first the deputation seemed very unwilling to agree to this proposal, preferring to sacrifice their money if only they could be formed into a separate road board. In the end, however, they acquiesced in Mr. Mitchell's suggestion, and also decided to appoint representatives to confer with the three road boards as to the disposal of the assessment money and grant in aid. The deputation then withdrew. (Bottom of column 2, P.5, Argus,5-12-1862. N.B.DIGITISATION NOT CORRECTED ON TROVE.)

KEILOR ROAD DISTRICT.-To PATRICK PHELAN, Esq., J.P.
Sir,-We the undersigned landholders and householders, resident within the Keilor Road-District, do hereby request you to convene a meeting of the landholders and householders in such road district to form a Road Board for the purpose of superintending, providing; for, and completing the construction, repairs, and maintenance of the roads in such road district, and for carrying out therein the provisions of the Act of the Governor and the Legislative Council of Victoria, 10 Victoria, No. 40, and 17 Victoria, No. 29.
Landholders............. Householders.
William Taylor.......... Alex. Duncan
James Robertson......... James Laverty
John Eagling ............Donald Guthrie
Chas. Daniels........... W. Pinder
James M'Intyre.......... David Beaton
Wm. O'Neil ..............Benj. Ellis
Martin Tuans? ...........R. G. Ely
(Pro. Edwd. Wilson .......Thomas Bertram.
A.Morgan.)

(ABOUT THE ABOVE.
William Taylor of Overnewton,longtime President of Keilor Shire, owned a huge area of land indicated by Taylors Lakes and Taylors Rd and, by his death, land in Tullamarine, all of which was resumed by the crown for closer settlement in the early 1900's. James Robertson owned land north of Overnewton, including Calder Park Thunderdome and called it Upper Keilor. He also received the grants for land in the parish of Doutta Galla that was inherited by his sons,Francis (Mar Lodge, between McCracken St,Essendon and William Hoffman's Butzbach) and James (Spring Hill,renamed Aberfeldie.)Taylor must have been abroad when James became Shire President. Caroline Chisholm's third shelter shed (the first two being near the Essendon railway bridge and the park in Keilor Village)situated beside a creek just east of the road slightly north of the point where the railway made its closest approach to what became the Calder Highway, was described as being at Robertson's. John Eagling, who owned the Waggoners' Arms and, I think,lived in Dagenhurst next to the court house after the troopers departed, became a councillor. Charles Daniels had a farm in the village whose location was given in a source I've forgotten (K.H.S.newsletter/ Keilor pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales.) James McIntyre had a farm (called "Riverside?)between the north end of McIntyre Rd and the river (parish of Cut Cut Paw.). William O'Neil bought Frederick Dawes Wickham's 19 acre grants to become the owner of "Horseshoe Bend" and leased J.F.L.Foster's "Leslie Banks" (section 20 Doutta Galla) before the Delaheys. Edward Wilson, co-owner and editor of The Argus, was going blind and had just bought part of the Glengyle Estate (section 1 Tullamarine) which he named Arundel within a year or two, on which he intended to retire; Morgan was his overseer. James Laverty owned the North Pole Inn on the west corner of North Pole (Milleara) road and a 50 acre portion of Main's estate on the north side of Rosehill Rd near Rose or Steele's Creek. He also had a hotel in Moonee Ponds east of Hinkins St (the Harvest Home?) which has been wrongly assumed to be in Keilor. Donald Guthrie might have been the father of Alexander and James Guthrie of Glengyle (possibly the portion where Brown's Rd is located right near Bertram's ford.) If I remember correctly,not long after, James was killed while the brothers were in the process of moving to Torgarf near Sunbury. (See EARLY CHRONOLOGY OF TULLAMARINE journal.) Thomas Bertram was in the same area,hence the name of Bertram's Ford. (See my BERTRAM journal.)David Beaton was a shoemaker who had moved to Keilor near Caroline Chisholm Park by 1849. His address was given as Keilor Bridge but he stayed longer than THAT bridge. (See KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES and his entry in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.) Benjamin Ellis was probably an ancestor of the Essendon footballer.)

REPLY TO THE SIGNATORIES. (UNDER THE REQUEST.)
Gentlemen,-In compliance with the above requisition, I hereby CONVENE a MEETING of the LANDHOLDERS and HOUSEHOLDERS in the KeilorRoad District, to be holden on Wednesday, 10th day of November, 1862, at 6 o'clock p.m., at tho Waggoner's Arms Hotel, Keilor, for tho purposes specified in such requisition.
P. PHELAN, J.P. Spring Park. Oct. 11, 1862. (P.8,Argus,8-11-1862.)


ROAD BOARD CLERK.
Robert was the first Clerk of the Keilor Road Board when it was formed in 1863.

KEILOR DISTRICT BOARD-I hereby notify that a MEETING of the BOARD will be held at the Keilor Court house, at noon, on the 18th inst., to make a rate. A statement of the proposed rate may be seen at the office of the board, agreeably to tho 183th Sec. of the Act No. 176. R. G. ELY, Clerk, Keilor, November 10,1863.
(P.8, Argus, 12-11-1863.)

An application was made for a quo warranto, calling on W. Bonfield to show by what authority he exercised the office of clerk of the Keilor Road Board. The objection raised against him was that his predecessor had not been properly dismissed ; he could only be dismissed at a special meeting of the road board, whereas he had been dismissed at an ordinary meeting. The Court reserved judgment. (Last column P.4,Argus,26-6-1869.)

MEMO!!!!!!!Was Bonfield's initial W? Check. Likely a mistake like Walter ClarkE of Glenara in the same article.Put the winegrowing involvement in the CLARK entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal.
The usual quarterly meeting of the Melbourne Vinegrowers' Association was held on Thursday lost, at Mr. Maplestone' wine stores, Elizabeth-street. The chair was occupied by the president, Mr. Walter Clarke (sic), of Glenara.(P.5, Argus, 26-6-1869.)


The Supreme Court have granted a rule nisi for a mandamus to compel the Keilor Road Board to pay the salary of Mr. Ely,clerk to the board, and whose dismissal had in a previous suit been set aside as informal.
((P.13, The Australasian,11-12-1869.)

My memory told me that Ebenezer Bonfield had succeeded Robert so I tried an ELY, BONFIELD search.

KEILOR ROAD BOARD.
The ordinary monthly meeting of the Keilor District Board on Saturday last lapsed for want of a quorum, but in consequence of the ruling of the Supreme Court in the case of Ely. v. Bonfield to the effect that the dismissal
of Mr. R. G. Ely was illegal, upon a technical point of law, written instructions signed by the Chairman and four of the members of the Keilor District Board, were handed to the Clerk requiring him to convene a special
meeting of the Board, and to give each member seven clear days notice in writing according to the provisions of the Local Government Act, No. 170, for the purpose of removing the said Robert George Ely from the offices
of Clerk, Treasurer, and collector, and to appoint E. Bonfield to the before named offices in his stead; also to appoint Messrs.E. Brown & Son Engineers to the Board, and for the appointment of valuators for the
ensuing year; the said special meeting to be held at the Court House, Keilor.
(P.4,The Bacchus Marsh Express,25-9-1869.)

TEACHER.
in the Crawford Harvie entry in DHOTAMA, I have quoted from a K.H.S. newsletter that William Savage and Robert George Ely were teachers at the Church of England school at the bottom of Bonfield St. As it was costing to much money for the Government to support competing denominational schools, common schools were introduced; Robert was one of the denominational school teachers whose positions became redundant.

MR.R.G. ELY.
Mr. M'MAHON moved "That this House will tomorrow, resolve itself into a committee of the whole to consider the propriety of presenting an address to His Excellency the Governor, requesting that provision may be made upon an Additional Estimate for 1864 for the balance of salary due to Mr. R. G. Ely, schoolmaster, Keilor." The hon. member remarked that Mr. Ely was one of those schoolmasters whose services had been dispensed with by the operation of the Common Schools Act, He had, however continued his duties for three months as the act came into operation, without receiving notice that his services were to be dispensed with, and it was for that period that he claimed payment. The subject had been brought before the Board of Education, but they had refused to pay the amount.

Mr. M'CULLOCH said that if the hon. member would withdraw the motion, he would endeavour to induce the Board of
Education to pay Mr. Ely the quarter's salary. Mr. M'MAHON agreed to withdraw the amendment.The amendment was accordingly withdrawn. (Second half of column 4,P.6, Argus,31-5-1864.)

CARELESS BUT LUCKY HARRY.
KEILOR.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT).
A GUN accident, happily unattended with fatal consequences, took place here on Saturday evening, when Mr. Ely's second son Harry, a lad about seventeen years of age, though generally very careful in handling firearms, was in this instance the unwilling cause as well as the victim of the occurrence. He was taking his gun from a corner of the storeroom, when the hammer got caught in a bag, and a charge of heavy shot caused a severe
laceration of the neck and scalp. Under Dr. Turner's care all danger is now over.
(The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 22 July 1882 p 3 Article)

YOUNG ROBERT.
ELY - On the 4th December, Robert Alexander Ely (of the Bank of Victoria Collins Street,city) dearly beloved son of Robert George Ely, of Keilor, aged 32 years. (P.1, Argus,6-12-1900.)

ELY.--In loving memory of "Our Dear Bob," who died the 4th of December, 1900, "Glenely," Keilor.
The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; Blessed be the name of the Lord.(P.1, Argus, 4-12-1903.)

MRS ELY, POSTMISTRESS.

ARE YOU A DESCENDANT OF THE CAMPBELLS OF GLENGYLE (TULLAMARINE), CAMPBELLFIELD AND PORT CAMPBELL?

Andrew Campbell has sent me a private message which explains that the Campbells at these places were indeed members of the same family. He also confirmed my assumption that a member of this family had married John Bertram (after whose family Bertram's Ford between Keilor Village and the parish of Tullamarine was named.)

Andrew asked if I would like more genealogical information about the family, but my focus is to provide local history to make family histories more of a story rather than pure genealogy, just as family lore does. I do include family notices from trove; in many cases,family historians may never find these because of faulty digitisation and I save them the tedious task of correcting the text.

It would be of far more value for Andrew and others researching the same family to be put into contact with each other so they can pool and compare their information and help each other over stumbling blocks. I will ask Andrew for his email address so that anyone who desires to work with him on the Campbells of said places and sends me a private message to this effect can be put in touch with him.

Here is Andrew's message.

Hello,

I just arrived on your journal "HOW GLENGYLE, KEILOR (SECTION 1,TULLAMARINE) BECAME ARUNDEL, "TURNER'S" AND ELLENGOWAN. (VIC., AUST.)".

In case you need some family details, this John Bertram was the husband of Anne McLean Campbell, the last child of Neil Campbell, Mull, Scotland. The Elizabeth Campbell who died there was Anne's first cousin. McLean was indeed her mother's maiden name.

I need to check, but Colin Campbell, elder brother of Anne, went to VDL in 1820. He did quite a farming business near White Hills, Tas, and I believe, in Victoria. He sold all his properties in Australia in 1851 and returned to his family in Scotland. Perhaps this the the Colin Campbell "cousin" you refer to?

I'm trying to develop Anne and John's family tree down, as we have very little documented on them, though I probably have some other info I could try to dig out if you are interested.

For info, I'm a descendant of Archibald McArthur Campbell, a squatter and grazier in Victoria of the time. He is brother to Anne and Colin, and also Alexander (Port Campbell was named after him) and Neil Campbell (Campbellfield was named after him).

Let me know if I can help?

Best regards,

Andrew Campbell

The Campbellfield connection is of interest to me because Robert Campbell was granted land near Neil's grants in the parish of Will Will Rook, and it would be good to find out whether he was related to Neil.To get the Will Will Rook parish map, google WILL WILL ROOK, COUNTY OF BOURKE.

THOMAS ANDERSON, TULLAMARINE, ARSONIST? (AND OTHER TULLAMARINE WESLEYANS.)

THOMAS ANDERSON, TULLAMARINE, ARSONIST? (AND OTHER TULLAMARINE WESLEYANS.)
Tullamarine only ever had one church, the Wesleyan or Methodist Church. That was because the Catholics were more populous in Keilor and Bulla which very early had celebrations of the mass and the Presbyterians , such as the Grants and McNabs also had places of worship at Uniting Lane, Bulla, St Johns, Essendon, and Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows). The Anglicans had one of the first churches outside Melbourne, St Pauls, still standing at Westmeadows after 164 years and the Bulla Church, built in 1858 on land donated by Mary Greene at the south west corner of Woodlands, but relocated to Bulla Township by Major Murphy in the 1970s because aircraft vibrations were threatening to destroy it.

Most landholdings in Tullamarine were large and the Methodists were more interested in being righteous than in becoming rich. John Carre Riddell and John Pascoe Fawkner made it possible for these virtuous yeomen to afford land by making blocks, often of 7 acres, available. Riddells main aim was profit but Fawkners motive was his adoration of the yeoman farmer according to C.P.Billot. Many Methodists also bought small blocks on the present Trade Park Industrial Estate site from J.F.L.Foster.

Charles Nash established Fairview on Riddells Camieston Estate and Bayview on Fosters section 3 land. Widow, Ann Parr, bought a small block near Bayview but the longtime Parr base was The Elms roughly between the northern end of todays Link Rd and Melrose Drive. Anns son, James Henry Parr, took over this farm and passed it on to his son, Sam (the first beardless man young Harry Heaps ever saw), while his other son, Bill (who like his father served many terms as Keilor Shire President) , bought a part of section 2 not swallowed by the Arundel Closer Settlement and gave it the historic name, Annandale.

As we shall see, the Wesleyans first held services at Edmund Dunns Viewpoint. No doubt Edmund was a gentle man but he had guts! His stand against the big wigs of the Melbourne Hunt encouraged farmers all around Melbourne to form a huge organization as detailed in my journal. While God fearing, he had no qualms about leaving Viewpoint through Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid paying a toll at Tullamarine Junction every time he left his property.

The other denominations also held services on private properties before their churches were built. Dugald McPhail hosted Presbyterian services while leasing Spring Hill (Aberfeldie) and Mary Daniel did likewise for the Bulla Catholics at Narbonne on Oaklands Rd near Daniels Rd. George Langhorne, Melbournes first missionary to the aborigines, who supplied many aboriginal words to surveyor, Robert Hoddle that became names of parishes and towns, conducted Presbyterian Sunday School and services at Peter Youngs Nairn, almost across the road from Narbonne.

Not surprisingly the first school in Tullamarine (not counting Mr Trimmers mysterious school at the Springs in 1850 which was most likely near the Governors House ,Melway 15 F6?) was the Wesleyan school on an acre donated by J.F.L.Foster on the inside angle of the bend in Cherie St (as shown by title documents.)

WESLEYAN.-On Sunday, September 16th, a new school-room, which will be used also as a place of worship, in connection with the Wesleyan Church, was opened. Two sermons were preached by the Rev. J. C.Symons, of Collingwood. The congregations were exceedingly good, as also the collections which were made at the close of each service. On the following Wednesday a tea-meeting was held therein, and though the weather was showery, yet the school-room was filled. Tea being over a public meeting was held, over which J. L. F. Foster, Esq., late Colonial Secretary, presided. After a short, but appropriate speech from the chairman, the Rev. B.S. Walker submitted to the meeting a statement of accounts, and urged the liquidationof the remaining debt. The Rev. J. Eggleston, of Melbourne, next addressed the meeting in an excellent speech, on education and its benefits, and was followed by Messrs. Parnham and Williams. The gratifying information that the building is free from debt was then announced, the Doxology sung, and prayer offered, when the friends departed, pleased and benefited by the afternoon's entertainment. The building issituated in Tullamarine, in the PentridgeCircuit, and is near to the Lady of the Lake Inn, on the Deep Creek Road. The ground (an acre in extent) upon which it is erected is the gift of J. L. F. Foster, Esq., and is centrally situated. Previously divine service was conducted in the house of Mr. E. Dunn, farmer, on the afternoon of every Lord's Day. (P.5, Argus, 24-9-1855.)

THE CHARACTER OF THOMAS ANDERSON.
(Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary booklet 1970.) The booklet, quoted in DHOTAMA, and donated by me should be available at the Broadmeadows Library.
From pages A 23-4 of my Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around.
The Port Phillip Directory of 1847 lists Thomas Anderson as a milkman on Mains Estate. This estate, section 12 Doutta Galla, consisting of 640 acres was bounded by Rachelle Rd, East Keilor, Buckley St and Hoffmans Rd, extending north to a line joining Clarks Rd and the northern end of Moushall Avenue. The estate was split into parcels of about 50 acres and Thomas may have been leasing one of these. There is no certainty that he was the future Tullamarine resident.

The 1970 Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir states that Thomas was one of 18 signatories on an indenture for the sale of land to the Methodists which was enrolled in the Supreme Court of N.S.W. on 11-8-1840, one of the trustees of an original piece of church land, and one of the first trustees of the church on 4-10-1869.

In 1840, William and John Foster were granted a ten year lease on Leslie Park (presumably 21 Doutta Galla and 3 Tullamarine, later granted to Wiiliam and Leslie Banks,22 Doutta Galla, later granted to his younger brother, John.)

However the Fosters would have had no power to donate the acre for the Wesleyan school at that time, so the 1840 document is a mystery. The document signed in 1840 must have related to the Wesleyans being recognized as a body able to buy land.

Thomas was a trustee of the school site, presumably in 1855. The church opened in 1870 on a site on Charles Nashs Bayview, roughly the north corner of Trade Park Drive and Melrose Drive. Charles practically donated the land so the church probably paid only the 10 shillings transfer fee.

The conveyance, probably of the church land but possibly of Fosters donated acre circa 1855,was signed, sealed and delivered by Thomas Anderson in the presence of Thomas Crisp, an attourney of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria (hence after 1850.) His signature was a cross, because Thomas could not write, but his fellow trustees chose him to sign on his behalf.

Given that Charles Nash, Wallis Wright and James Henry Parr, whose families were stalwarts of the church for over a century, and Edmund Dunn were fellow trustees, this was a high honour and illustrates the respect in which Thomas Anderson was held. No wonder the hard-to- believe Cleary did not make his accusations until he had left Tulla!

INCENDIARISM.
The following proclamation is published. " Twenty-five Pounds Reward : Whereas it has been represented to the Government, that in the night of Sunday, the 7th March last, a weather- board house, the property of Messrs. Marks and Taylor, situated at Tullamarine, near Broadmeadows, was destroyed by fire :And whereas there is reason to suppose that the said house was maliciously set fire to by some evil-disposed person or persons: Notice is hereby given, that a reward of 25 will be paid to any person who shall give such information as will lead to the apprehension and conviction of the person or persons who set fire to the said premises."
(THE GAZETTE, MAY 28 , P.7, Argus, 29-5-1858.)

Thomas Anderson and William Cassidy were brought up, on warrant, by Detective Williams, charged with arson. Solomon Lyon Marks said that he was a member of the firm of Marks and Taylor, La Trobe street. About four weeks ago he purchased 20 acres of ground and four-roomed house of Messrs. Symons and Perry. The property was situated near the Beech Tree Hotel, in the parish of Tullamarine, Broadmeadows. He saw the prisoner Anderson at the sale. Anderson asked him if he knew the property, and witness replied that he knew the person who was selling it. Anderson asked if he would take a profit on it, and made an offer, which witness refused. He offered a sum of about 5 or 10 profit. On seeing the property, witness was dissatisfied with it, and put it into the hands of Tennant and Co. Anderson again spoke to him about it, and on witness refusing to deal with him, replied that it would never do witness much good. The property was adjoining his own (Anderson's), and he did not want the land so much as the house.

On Monday, the 8th March, witness received letter from the landlord of the Beech Tree Hotel, and on going to the house, which he had purchased, found it burned down. He did not see the prisoners, and had no conversation with them afterwards. He had never seen the prisoner Cassidy that he knew of. Cross examined by Mr. Read : Witness gave L250 for the property. He left no one in special charge of the property, but asked the landlord if he would be kind enough to look after it. There were a good many workmen about the place.

-William Cleary, steward of the Lunatic Asylum, Yarra Bend, said that about the beginning of March he was residing with a Mr. Corcoran, in a place adjoining the paddock in which stood the house which had been burned down. On Saturday, the 6th March, at night, witness saw a light in the house, and, thinking it strange, the house being empty, went up to look at it. The middle wall of the house was then burning. Witness went and got some water, and extinguished it. This was about 8 o'olock in the evening. Saw neither of the prisoners that evening and went home.

On the following (Sunday) evening, witness was again passing the house and also by Mr. Anderson's. In the kitchen belonging to the latter witness heard some conversation going on about the fire, but could not tell who were in the kitchen, nor who was speaking. Returning back, about half an hour afterwards, he saw Anderson standing about 44 yards off the house. This was past 8 o'clock.

Witness was about 60 or 65 yards from Anderson. Passing on, he looked back, when he had gone about 20 yards, and saw Anderson walk up to the back-door of the house, and go in. He next saw a light, like that of a match or candle. He then went home and had supper, and went to the stable to attend the horses. As he opened the door a glare of light shone on the passage, and looking to the house he saw that it was on fire. A number of people were running towards it, and witness ran too. Before he reached it the roof fell in. He saw Anderson and his son, andAnderson said it was a bad job, as he had wanted to buy the house.

Cross-examined by Mr. Read : Never heard of a reward offered for the discovery of the authors of the fire until he had seen it in the office. The day after the fire a sergeant of police came to inquire, and witness told him that the neighbors had some suspicions about the persons who might have done it, but did not know who it was. He further told the sergeant, on being asked if he knew anything more about it, that he (witness) was not in the Government service then, and did not know anything more. Did not know how many times he had seen the sergeant afterwards. Knew nothing about rewards, and despised them ; and if he had any conversation with the police, it was in consequence of their thinking, perhaps, that he was unwilling to tell what he knew.

Saw the sergeant on a subsequent day, at his (thesergeant's) own house. Went to the house himself. Went through Moonee Ponds*. Moonee Ponds was not far from the station at Broadmeadows, the station to which witness alluded. Never spoke a word about rewards. Had often been to the sergeant's before. The sergeant was an acquaintance of his.
(*Moonee Ponds is a reference to the creek; the suburb did not exist.)

Saw a trooper at Flemington. Had been in the police, about three yearsago, at Ballaarat, Buninyong, Creswick's Creek, and other places. Resigned in consequence of the reduction in pay. Was not dismissed. Some time In May, Mr.Nicolson wanted to see him. Had never seen a detective to his knowledge. Oneof them had come out to tell him to come into Melbourne, but did not know that he was a detective. Another came out on Friday last with a summons.

Thedetective did not tell him there was a reward offered, to witness's knowledge. Saw Mr.Nicolson four-or five weeks ago. Did notwish to say anything to him at that time, because it was not to his interest to do so. His reason was that be was living with hiscousin at the time, near Mr. Anderson's, and he thought that if he said anything about hissuspicions he would not receive some money due to him. Would swear he had a conversation with Mr. Anderson on the night of the fire.

The Mayor asked Mr. Nicolson if he had any other evidence, as he did not attach much weight to that of the witness. Mr.Nicolson said if his Worship would allow the witness to explain he thought everything he stated would appear quite consistent. He would, however, call another witness.

RobertCluckton*, a senior constable stationed at Broadmeadows, said he knew the house inquestion, and proceeded to it on the night of the fire. He then saw Anderson, and the lastWitness, who pointed out the prisoner (Anderson) as the person who was suspected of having set fire to the place, adding, that he would tell him more on the following day. Witness went to see him on the following day, but could not get anything out of him, as his (Cleary's) cousin was by, and he did not like to say anything in his presence.

The presence of the cousin, and the fear that he would losehis situation if he said anything of what he knew about Anderson, were the reasons he gave to witness for not saying more. He afterwards, on the 5th of June, called on witness, and told him what he had seen about Anderson going into the house on the night of the fire.

This was before witness knew anything of a reward being offered. The reward did not reach the station until the Monday following, though it was dated the27th May. Cleary, on calling, said he was leaving his place, and could now tell witness what he knew. Mr. Nicolson said the date was nothing, as a document was often dated much earlier than it was received at the out-stations. Mr.Hackett* concurred in this remark, that the date was nothing to the point. Mr. Nicolsonstated that he had further corroborative evidence to produce, and the prisoners were remanded,-Anderson being allowed bail, as before, in two sureties of 600 each, and the other prisoner being liberated on his own recognizance of L100. (P.6, Argus, 22-6-1858.)

(*Hackett St,the boundary between Chandos and Broadmeadows Township, was probably named after the Mayor.)



The report on page 6 of The Age of the same date (22-6-1858) gives much the same detail with some exceptions. I had thought that Symons and Perry were the previous owners of the property but they were auctioneers and the sale was conducted in their rooms in Melbourne. That was why Marks went to see the property later. The name of Clearys cousin is given as Conoran; I believe that Corcoran (or Cochrane as seen later) is more likely correct. Thomas Anderson allegedly told Cleary that hed wanted to buy the block but a Jew had outbid him. The name of the Broadmeadows trooper was given as Robert Crighton*.


Also the Mayors opinion of Clearys testimony contains more detail. The Mayor asked if there was any other evidence, as he did not believe a single word the man had uttered. After some further examination by Mr Read and an attempt on the part of Mr Nicholson to bolster up the case, the Mayor said it was incredible that a man who had been so long in the police and had such frequent opportunities of communicating with the officers, should conceal the offence and then come forward to charge the prisoners with the offence. He was totally unworthy of belief.
If the Mayor had such a low opinion of the star witness why was the case not dismissed out of hand?
Inspector Nicholson asked for a remand, on the ground that Mr and Mrs Beechy had been subpic/iaed as witnesses, but were not in attendance. The prisoners were on bail. Mr Read opposed the remand, on the ground that their evidence could not be material, and he had witnesses in Court who would most distinctly prove an alibi.

Inspector Nicholson seems to have needed the assistance of an amateur sleuth such as Sherlock Holmes, Miss Marple, Father Brown or Australias own flapper, Miss Fisher!
He probably didnt care who suffered, as long as he got a conviction. Its a pity that Reads witnesses in court were not named; some of their names might have already been mentioned (Parr, Wright, Nash, Dunn and maybe Foster.)

I thought Id never discover the outcome of the case but a POLICE COURT, ANDERSON, ARSON, 1858 trove search bore fruit. Clearys cousin was accorded a third surname (Corcoran, Conoran and now Cochrane.) I now know exactly who built the house that was burnt down and where it was.

The Alleged Arson. The two men Anderson and Cassidy, who stand charged with arson at Broadmeadows, were again brought up for examination. John Beechy, a policeman, sworn, said : On the evening of the 7th of March my nephew told me Scarlett's house was on fire. I called one of my men, and we went down to the place together. By the time we got there the roof and walls had fallen in. There was no one within a hundred yards of the fire. The people present said they did not like to go up until some one else came. The question then arose who set the place on fire. I saw a man coming with a lantern. He stood about seventy yards from the fire ; did not know who the person was. By Mr Read : I know a man named Cochrane. Cleary lived with him. A person could not go to the police station near Broadmeadows without
going out of his road. Constable Lerment, a trooper deposed that he was at the fire; he saw Cleary there. Some time after the fire Cleary said if a warrant was offered, he could give evidence that would convict the perpetrator. The bench were of opinion that there was not the slightest evidence to support the charge. In fact, suspicion seemed to rest
elsewhere. The prisoners were accordingly discharged. Mr Read applied for the committal of Cleary for perjury. The magistrates declined to accede to this request, and said if he (wanted to?) institute any proceedings, he must take the ??? (P.6, The Age, 26-6-1858.)

WHERE WERE THEY?
From page A 23, DHOTAMA. The earliest Broadmeadows ratebook seen (1863) records that Thomas Anderson was assessed on four blocks of land on the east side of Bulla Rd. It is probable that three of these were lots 12,13 and 26 of Riddell and Hamiltons Camieston Estate purchased by John Anderson or lots 29, 30 and 31 purchased by James Anderson. The earliest Keilor ratebook (1868) shows that Thomas Anderson had 8 acres on the west side of Bulla Rd.

Across Melrose Drive from Strathconnan Square was Andersons Lane which left the main road at a right angle before turning due (magnetic) west to provide access to blocks on Fawkners section 6/7 subdivision. On the north side of the corner, fronting Bulla Rd, was a block purchased by George Bendrey (volume 2 folio 972.) It was surrounded by the Parrs The Elms on its north and west sides. Thomas Anderson possibly bought a fair portion of this block and built a house opposite Wright (now Springbank) St. The property seems to have absorbed other Fawkner subdivision blocks, growing to 102 acres (mainly west of todays Link Rd) and then shrank back to 41 acres, being occupied by Robert Foster Anderson (who married Miss Drain of Broadmeadows Township in 1881) before his move to Greenvale by 1920, Alf Hounslow who called the farm Sinleigh, and, from the early 1940s, John and Bertram Anderson who ran a piggery according to Harry Heaps whose block is now occupied by Strathconan Square. The block fronting Bulla Rd purchased from John and Bertram circa 1960 for the airport is almost identical to George Bendreys original purchase.

It would be the greatest coincidence for three unrelated lots of Andersons to occupy the same land for about a century so I strongly suspect that Robert Foster Anderson and John and Bertram were related in some way to the falsely accused Thomas.

The house that Thomas was accused of burning down was Scarletts according to John Beechy, the policeman. George Scarlett was the original purchaser from Fawkners land cooperative of lots 31 and 32 (and from a sale advertisement), apparently lot 30 to the west of a subdivision lane, which like the three lots ran south from Andersons Lane to Post Office Lane. The location of lots 30-31 can roughly be given as Melway 5, part C, and D, 10. The inferno would have been on one of these blocks.

John Beech bought a large block (58 acres or so) which fronted Bulla Rd and also extended south from Andersons Lane to Post Office Lane (roughly Melway, 5 F, part G 10.). The Beech Tree Hotel was across Bulla Rd from a point midway between the Tullamarine Reserve and the Henderson Rd corner. Beech bought the land on 1-5-1851 (volume M folio 481.)

It must have irritated the Wesleyans to have two pubs (the Beech Tree and the Lady of the Lake ) so close to their farms. The Lady of the Lake burnt down but was quickly replaced by the Junction Hotel at Greens Corner (opposite the plaqueless Camp Hill Park) which operated till about 1929 before another Methodist , Tommy Loft of Dalkeith, had it closed down due to the debauchery of clients such as Squizzy Taylor. When the Seafield school and the Wesleyan school were replaced in 1884 by State School 2613 Tullamarine, it was built on the north corner of Conders Lane so it would be as far as possible from such dens of iniquity.


This church, more than any other, promoted temperance, abstinence from drinking, smoking and swearing. I just wonder if Thomas Anderson gave Cleary a dressing down for breaches of one or more of these and Cleary sought revenge!

MAP TO BE PROVIDED TO BROADMEADOWS HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

6 comment(s), latest 3 weeks, 6 days ago

EARLY CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA,FROM TROVE.

The purpose of this journal is to acknowledge pioneers of the parish of Tullamarine not uncovered in Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows rate records,directories,local histories and oral history interviews with descendants of pioneering families, the main sources for my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.

The chronology will be preceded by an alphabetical index listing surnames and years* under which they appear so that family historians can quickly find if their ancestors are mentioned and only those who have a general interest need to plough through the whole journal. (*Pioneers mentioned incidentally in important background information will be labelled IBI.)


INDEX.
Some families were not resident in the year indicated, so don't be put off by the year. For instance, Alan Payne was a much later owner of land between part of Gowrie Park and Glendewar on which the airport terminal was built but is MENTIONED under 1861, as are J.R.Murphy, Hyslop and W.S.Cox in relation to Peter McCracken's dairy at Kensington.

1868C9 is a warning that the 1868 article re Richard Mitchell's insolvency and associated comments about fellow 1863 Broadmeadows ratepayers would not submit in the journal and finally submitted in comment 9. Residents mentioned in other comments will have C1, C2, C3 etc. after their surnames.

ALLEN 1861; ALSTON 1863; ANDERSON 1865,1868C9; ANGUS Andrew 1861; ANNAND IBI; BEAMAN 1868C9; BEECH C1; BETHELL ,C7; BLACK 1849; BREES 1861; BROWNE 1863,1868C9; BUNBURY I.B.I.; CLARK 1849,1861;CLARKE 1861; COCK 1861,1868C9; COGHILL 1849, 1861; COUSER 1868 C9, C7; COUSINS C6, C7,C8;DEAKIN 1863; DEWAR 1861; DUNCAN 1861,1864; DUNN 1863,1868C9; ELLIS 1861; EVANS 1868C9,C7,C11; FAWKNER 1861; FOSTER IBI,1868C9; GAWLEY 1868C9;GLENN 1863,1865, 1868C9; GRANT 1861, 1867; GUTHRIE 1857,1861,1862,1863, 1865, 1868C9; HAMILTON IBI; HARVIE C13; HENDRY 1855, 1866,1868C9,C7, , C13; HOCTOR 1868 C9; HOLLAND C1, C7;HYSLOP 1861;JOHNSON 1861; KENNEDY 1861; KENNY 1849; KETTLE 1868C9,C6; LAZARUS C1; LOEMAN 1861; LOFT 1868C9; LOVE 1865,1868C9; McCLUSKEY 1847; McCRACKEN 1849; 1861; McKERCHAR 1861; McNAB 1861; MACONOCHIE 1863,1868C9; MANSFIELD 1861; MILLAR 1868C9; MITCHELL 1868 C9; MURPHY 1861; NASH 1868C9; NEWMAN 1849; O'NIAL 1849,1868C9; PAYNE 1861; PETER 1868C9; POWELL 1859,C1; PRAIN 1857,1861 (SEE TRAIN); PUCKLE 1861; PURVIS 1855, 1868C9; RIDDELL 1847,1868 C9; SALMON 1861; SHARP 1868C9; TAYLOR 1861; TENNIEL C1,C7; THOMSON 1861; TRAIN (sic,PRAIN) 1861; WRIGHT 1868C9; WRIGHT Tulip C1; YOUNG C1;

IMPORTANT BACKGROUND INFORMATION.
TULLAMARINE PARISH MAP.
This can be found online with a TULLAMARINE,COUNTY OF BOURKE search.


CROWN LAND: LOT NUMBERS NOT CROWN ALLOTMENT NUMBERS!
John Carre Riddell's selection of 640 acres previously occupied by William McCluskey in 1847 illustrates a danger which family historians must keep in mind. Lot 3 in the parish of Tullamarine was NOT crown allotment 3,parish of Tullamarine;it was crown allotment 6. Do not assume that lot numbers in advertisements and reports of crown land sales or occupation licences correspond to crown allotment numbers.

Crown allotment 3,Tullamarine of 640 acres (SUBMIT) on the north side(SUBMIT) of Sharps Rd(SUBMIT)fr(SUBMIT)om
Broadmeadows Rd (submit)to its western end,(submit)was granted to W.V.L.Foster on 27-1-1843.(submit)Riddell's selection,previously occupied by McCuskey, was crown allotment 6 of 640 acres, on the western side of today's Mickleham Rd f-r-o-m a point

just south of the Freight Rd corner

to a point across the road

fr-om

Forman St with its

south west corner being crossed by Link Rd before the road curves to the west (midpoint of bottom of Melway 5,E 10.) This square mile was granted to Riddell on 30-3-1848 and with crown allotment 15 to the north,for which he'd received the grant on 30-11-1842, became part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate.

In this case, lot two was crown allotment (or section) two. But to make sure this was so, I needed to see evidence,which luckily was provided. Section 2 Tullamarine,west of William Foster's section 3, was granted to George Annand who must have been the successful bidder and received the grant on 22-6-1850. J.F.L. Foster's section 20 Doutta Galla,"Leslie Banks" was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river to the line of Spence St and section 2 joined Bunbury's grant,section 1, at the boundary of Melway maps 14 and 15. Section 1 was known as Glengyle and later Arundel.

2. 640, Six hundred and forty acres,
parish of Tullamarine, section No. 2.
Bounded on the north by section 7 ; on
the east by W. V. L. Foster's 640 acres ;
on the south by J. F. L Foster's 712
acres ; and on the west by R. H. Bun-
bury's 790 acres. (49-112)
(LEASES BY AUCTION. P.1, Argus,5-6-1849.)

SEGMENTATION AND CONSOLIDATION.
When crown land was first put on sale in the parish of Tullamarine in 1842, lot numbers and portion (section) numbers were the same but lot 19 was portion 1 in the parish of Bulla Bulla. The depression, which climaxed in 1843 and was basically caused by an oversupply of sheep, led to most of the huge areas of land not being sold.

Many sections fronting Deep Creek and the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds were broken into small crown allotments which were later consolidated to form farms such as Aucholzie on the former and Camp Hill and Viewpoint on the latter.

John Pascoe Fawkner bought portions 7, most of 13, and 10 on behalf of his land cooperative members in about 1850 and subdivided them into farms of about 7 acres. Riddell and Hamilton, who had swapped some land near Bulla Rd with Fawkner, subdivided the Camieston estate at about the same time, with Chandos (fronting the west side of today's Mickleham Rd
f-r-o-m
Freight Rd north to the creek)
comprising about 450 acres, and the rest consisting of blocks of about 7 acres that were consolidated into farms such as Fairview and Sunnyside.

The part of William Foster's section 3 east of Bulla Rd was leased in small parcels with the Lady of the Lake hotel operating by the late 1840's and most of the land was occupied by small farms such as Broombank and a paddock associated with the Junction Hotel. (Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Ct area.)


Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1840 - 1845) Monday 22 August 1842 p 4.
PORT PHILLIP---SALE OF LAND. HIS Excellency the Governor directs it to be notified that, at eleven o'clock of Wednesday, the 19th day of October next, the under-mentioned portions of land will be put up to selection, in some convenient place in the town of Melbourne, Port Phillip. The holders of land receipts under the regulations of 21st January, 1841,will be allowed to select, without competition,
f-r-o-m
the lands now advertised, and at the fixed price of 1 per acre, in satisfaction of their orders; but this permission will only extend to within one month
f-r-o-m
the day of sale, namely, to the 19th day of September inclusive, in order that the public may have due notice of the lots thus disposed of. Further information respecting the lands may be obtained f-r-o-m the Surveyor General, in Sydney, and the officer in charge of the survey department in Port Phillip ; and respecting the conditions of sale f-r-o-m the Colonial Treasurer, in Sydney, and the Sub-Treasurer, at Melbourne.

.1. Bourke. nine hundred and seven acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 1,upset price 1 per acre.
2. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 2; upset price one pound per acre.
3. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine. portion 3; upset price one pound per acre.
4. Bourke, seven hundred and eightyone acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 4; upset price one pound per acre.
5. Bourke, seven hundred and eighty.five acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 5; upset price one pound per acre
.6. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 6; upset price one pound per acre.
7. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 7; upset price one pound per acre
.8. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 8; upset price one pound per acre
.9. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of' Tullamarine, portion 9; upset price one pound per acre.
10. Bourke, four hundred and forty eight acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 10; upset price one pound per acre.
11. Bourke, nine hundred and sixty five acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 11 ; upset~price one pound per acre.

12. Bourke, three hundred and thirty eight acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 12 ; upset price one pound peracre. -
13. Bourke, nine hundred and sixty one acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 13; upset price one pound per acre.

14. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 14 ; upset price one pound per acre.

15. Bourke, seven hundred and thirteen acres, parish of Tullamarine,portion 15 ; upset price one pound per acre.
16. Bourke, five hundred and thirty three acres~ parish of Tuilamarine, portion 16; upset-price one pound per acre.

17. Bourke, nine hundred and forty one acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 17; upset price one pound per acre.
18. Bourke; seven hundred and twenty three acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 18; upset price one pound per acre.

Seems crazy but it seems that part of my problem submitting was that FROM must be a dirty four letter word.
Imagine my relief to find that the text for lots 1 to 18 (which did not include that naughty word)submitted in one go!


CHRONOLOGY.

1847.
OCCUPATION LICENSES.
WITH reference to the sale of Occupation Licenses, to take place at Melbourne, on Wednesday the 30th instant,
Notice is hereby given that lot No. 3, county of Bourke parish of Tullamarine,containing 640 acres, under

license to William M'Cluskey until the 30th June, 1847, has been selected by John Carr Riddle (sic) at the

upset price of 1 per acre, in accordance with the Act of Parliament, 5th and 6th Victoria, Cap. 36, and is

therefore withdrawn

f-r-o-m

the sale above mentioned.
By order of his Honor,the Superintendent, ROBERT HODDLE, Surveyor. Survey Office, Melbourne,June 1, 1847.
(P.2,The Melbourne Argus, 8-6-1847.)

1849.
The 1849 electoral roll for the Port Phillip District included the following residents living in the parish of Tullamarine. The parish ran north f-r-o-m

the line of Sharps Rd and the east-west course of the Maribyrnong River to the line of Grants Rd. Moonee Moonee Ponds within the parish meant near the Moonee Ponds Creek, such as Camp Hill, Viewpoint, Stewarton, Chandos,Fairview, Sunnyside and Glendewar. Moonee Ponds also included residents outside the parish of Tullamarine such as the Napiers of Rosebank and the Robertsons of La Rose; some residents whose address was only given as Moonee Moonee Ponds have been included as they were known to live within the parish of Tullamarine.

ARGUS, 25-6-1849, 29-6-1849, 3-7-1849.
BLACK Neil, Moonee Moonee Ponds (owner of section 5, Stewarton,later renamed Gladstone,which was leased by Peter McCracken* 1846-1855); COGHILL George,Tullamarine (Glencairne, which became the southern part of Walter Clark's Glenara circa 1856-his father William Coghill,owned Cumberland across the Moonee Ponds in the parish of Will Will Rook); KENNY Air (Eyre) Evans, Camphill, Moonee Ponds (section 4,crown allotments 3 and 4);
NEWMAN,Daniel, Moonee Ponds; O'NIAL David William, Springs,Mt Macedon Rd (i.e.the Lady of the Lake hotel just south east of the present Melrose Drive/ Derby St corner); RIDDELL John Carre,Moonee Moonee Ponds (i.e.sections 6 and 15).
* Peter McCracken's own words (McCracken letters)but his address was given as "near River Plenty." on the roll.

1855.
MARRIED.
By special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry,youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth,Scotland.(P.4,Argus, 4-7-1855.)

Thomas Purvis bought lots 14, 27 and 28 of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate which had frontages to the west side of Wright(now Springbank) St and the north side of Derby St (roughly Melway 5 G8.) James Hendry,probably Christina's brother, was later the postmaster for Tullamarine, probably at the junction near the Junction Hotel and the toll gate.

1857.
Alex Prain marries Miss Hendry (mentioned under 1861.)

On the 28th ult., at her son's residence, Glengyle, after a long and protracted illness, Elizabeth Guthrie,
widow of late Mr. John Guthrie, Inch, Invernesshire,Scotland, aged 78 years. (P.4,Argus,3-3-1857.)
Elizabeth was the mother of Andrew and James Guthrie.

SORRY READERS;I CAN'T HELP MYSELF. I WONDER IF "INCH" GREW INTO A TWELVE TIMES BIGGER SETTLEMENT AND WAS RENAMED "FOOT".

1859.
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED. W.H. Powell, conveyance of mails to and f-r-o-m

Journal abandoned. See comment 1.

NO WONDER I RETIRED!

1861.
Tullamarine looked likely to get a railway in the 1880's and 1920's but they already had a Train in 1860. The store was probably at Tullamarine Junction near the toll gate and the Wesleyan school.

POSTSCRIPT. THE INSOLVENT MAY NOT HAVE BEEN A TRAIN AT ALL. SO MUCH FOR MY CORNY JOKE. I appear to have been correct in guessing that the Hendrys took over Alexander's store. See the marriage notice. Broadmeadows probably means the district rather than the township. Confirmation that the insolvent's surname was Prain,a list of those to appear at the insolvents' court, follows the marriage notice.


NEW INSOLVENTS.
Alexander Train, Tullamarine, storekeeper.Causes of insolvency-Depression in business and pressure of creditors. Debts. 69 15s. 3d. ;assets, 57 2s. 8d. ; deficiency, 2 12s. 7d. Mr. Goodman, official assignee. (P.1s, Argus, 14-1-1861.)

On the 26th inst., at Lonsdale-street Congregational Church, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, Mr. Alexander
Prain, of Campbelfield, to Miss Mary Hendry, of Broadmeadows. (P.4, Argus,28-3-1857.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 February 1861 p 6 Article
... , Benjamin Tinker, Friderick Leonard, Maslen and Litchfield, Thomas Cox, Alexander Prain, Richard ..

DEATH BY DROWNING.-Mr. Candler held an inquest, on Thursday, at Keilor, on the body of a man named Andrew Angus, who was found drowned in the Deep Creek, a few days ago. The deceased had been in the service of Mr. Guthrie, a farmer, at Glengyle, and was last seen alive on the 11th ultimo, on his leaving for Melbourne,
with a load of hay. The evidence appeared to lead to the conclusion that he had been drowned while attempting to cross the creek, which was Swollen at the time. The jury found a verdict to that effect.
(P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 13-8-1861.)
Poor Andrew would have drowned at Bertram's Ford,just metres west of the modern Arundel bridge.

TULLAMARINE FARMS.
I was disappointed when I first read the following article because I was expecting the same sort of wide-ranging tour that the Mornington Standard conducted over most of the Mornington Peninsula in 1902,with detail of every farm. Despite the small number of farms described,the article contains much interesting detail. The itemised costs of farming,which I'd never thought about, are thorough but would be more meaningful if the expected return per ton of hay had been given. The wheat would probably have been carted through Glenara,with the permission of Walter Clark,(who had bought land and the Inverness Hotel from Alexander Kennedy and George Coghill's "Glencairn" to the south in about 1856) to the flour mill on Lochton (Melway 176 C4),whose ruins are heritage-listed.This mill closed in 1863 and, like Michael Loeman on Tullamarine Island, those mentioned as wheat growers below probably gave up wheat growing. I will make some comments about the article in italics re location,the farm and farmer etc. at the end of each farm description. I will have to guess that Mr.D.'s brother (Duncan? Dewar?) was the occupant of Gowrie Side and that Mr Coghill's forest was on "Cumberland."


FARMING IN THE DEEP CREEK
DISTRICT.
(FROM THE FARMERS' JOURNAL.)
At a distance of about twelve miles from Melbourne, 0n the road to Bulla, is situated Tullamarine, hamlet, village, or township,whichever it may be, but under which of these designations it now ranks we should be rather perplexed to decide. Time was, when Tullamarine might have hoped for development into a full-blown village, but that was ere railways had an existence, and before also the now capitally metalled, but little used road, had replaced the rugged and at times impassable bush track, the only facility afforded for travelling in those days. It was than that butchers, bakers, and storekeepers, plied an active trade with the multitude of draymen who thronged to the levees of the 'Lady of the Lake", (peace to her ashes)alas, no more. The ' Beech Tree' alone now offers the shade of its wide spreading branches,as a rest for tho thirsty traveller ; the slight wooden tenements, in which a thriving business once was done, are apparently deserted, and the
traffic 0n the road is insufficient to prevent the metal becoming nearly as verdant as the fields.

The road to Bulla Village from North Melbourne was declared in 1847 and was THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS in the early 1850's. Heavily laden drays during the early years of the gold rush left the road in deplorable condition. In 1854,the government chose the route through Keilor when spending much money on a good road to the diggings, and the first high level bridge in that village that would not be swept away in the next flood,Samuel Brees' bridge which lasted 14 years before being replaced by the iron "flower basket" bridge.

That new route took the passing trade away from Tullamarine, Bulla and Sunbury,the last named being overshadowed by "The Gap" on the road to Mount Alexander. Sunbury was saved from becoming a sleepy hollow in 1858 when the Murray River and Mt Alexander Railway reached the town. The planned village of Gretna Green on the part of Camp Hill west of Bulla Rd went down like a lead balloon.

It is now known that the Lady of the Lake was destroyed by fire PRIOR TO OCTOBER 1861. I knew that it no longer existed in 1867 when my great grandfather, John Cock, started his 15 year lease on the adjacent "Broombank".


But if the natural progress of settlement has been hostile to the commercial prosperity of the place, the agricultural interest has not been similarly affected ; farmers have proceeded with their ploughing, sowing, and reaping, much as farmers always do, excepting that a great deal of the land on this, as well as on the
Keilor road, exhibits unmistakeable signs of exhaustion from repeated cropping with cereals without manure. These symptoms are apparent on portions even of the best managed farms in this neighborhood, and must inevitably continue to characterise it until root and green crops are more generally grown, and live stock to a proportionate extent kept for consumption.

The wiser farmers continued the old country practice of crop rotation (including a year in fallow)but with the demand for hay from carriers to the diggings,most farmers placed more importance on the proverb:"make hay while the sun shines."

The first farm to which our attention was directed was that of Mr John Grant, of Seafield, who has 400 acres of naturally good agricultural land, 100 acres of which are under the plough and the remainder in native pasture. Artificial or English grasses,as they are termed, have not as yet been much sown in this neighborhood, but many of the farmers have made a beginning, and we here saw 22 acres of lucerne and rye grass, affording a strong contrast to the natural pastures, and which will ensure, we should think, a much wider breadth being sown in future. The wheat crop consists of 73 acres, the remainder of the arable land being occupied by oats, chiefly for hay.

This crop was looking very well, guano having been used on it at the rate of about 1 cwt to the acre. Hay being the staple product of the district, we endeavored to obtain, from good authorities,an estimate of the cost of this crop, which it was generally agreed was about as follows :
'Wages and maintenance of ploughman, 28s per week ;
keep of pair of horses, 3 bushels of oatsand 3 cwt hay, 27s per week ;
blacksmith, 3s per week ;
3.5 bushels of seed per acre, at 4s.

A man and a pair of horses could plough one acre per day, and thoroughly harrow five. It was considered that rolling would cost about 1s per acre. So far, then, the calculation would stand thus :
Ploughing and harrowing 5 acres,
man's wages and keep L 1 8 0
Horses' keep L 1 7 0
Blacksmith L 0 3 0
Rolling L 0 5 0
Seed, at 14s per acre L.3 10 0
Mowing, at 6 s 6d per acre L.1 12 6
Making, at ditto L.1 12 6
Stacking and thatching, at 5s per acre L 1 5 0
(total) 11 3 0
or about 2 4s 7d per acre in the rick, exclusive of rent and interest on capital invested, onwhich we could get no very satisfactory decision. Every farmer can add the l per acre he has been paying as rent, or the holder of an occupation license can add his half-crown. One and a half ton per acre was considered a fair
average crop, which would make the actual expenses enumerated above amount to 1 9 9 per ton.
Rent say at 1 per acre . . L.0 13 4 do. (per ton)
Trussing, 4s per ton L 0 4 0 do.
Marketing, commission,dues and all other expenses L. 0 16 0 do.
Making tho cost 3 3 1 per ton,exclusive of interest on capital.

The cost of growing and making hay differs in various parts of the colony, and we should be glad if any of our readers whose experience does not agree with the above would afford us the means of comparison, by informing us in what respect our figures differ from theirs. But to resume.

On our return from inspecting the corn crops, we passed through the orchard and garden, containing a moderate assortment of healthy trees in very full bearing. Near to this is a reservoir capable of supplying all the stock on the farm for more than a year, should a lengthened drought happen ; it was formed by damming a small creek in which, at the depth of 22 feet, a spring was met with. This creek, by a succession of dams, might be made a highly ornamental object when viewed from the windows of Mr Grant's new house, a fine bluestone
structure in process of erection on the adjoining rise. The stables and barn are commodious : the latter contained an easily worked thrashing machine, by M'Cartney and Drummond, and the bulk of the last year's crop of wheat, a fine sample of white Kent, which had the fortune to be well harvested.

The natural pastures were tenanted by a small herd of Ayrshires, and a second herd were in occupation of similar ground on the other side of the farm. Tho bull we saw and several of the cows were pure bred, and very good specimens of the breed, though rather low in flesh, the Ayrshires being great milkers, and inapt to lay on flesh till they are dried off, after which they rapidly get fat.Their value for the dairy is well known, and we were not, therefore, surprised that all of the dairy cows kept here had more or less of the Ayrshire blood in them. There is, as usual, a favorite old cow, from which most of the herd has sprung ; she is 17 years old, hale and hearty, but thin.

A few good mares were here with their foals one, a half-bred Suffolk, had just dropped a fine foal to Ben Lomond.

In the corner of the paddock, nearest the Deep Creek road, is the National school, on the site presented
by Mr Grant. We were startled to find about sixty scholars assembled, and wondered very much whence so many could have come.

It is amazing that the McNabs were not mentioned. John Grant was married to a McNab lass and both families purchased section 8 Tullamarine (640 acres)from the crown with Grant taking the northern half fronting Grant's Lane (Melway 4H 6-7 to 5 A 7,part 8)and the McNab brothers each having 160 acres,Victoria Bank adjoining Seafield and Oakbank further south (Melway 4 G 9 to 5 part A,parts 9,10.) The McNab Ayrshire herd was famed throughout Australia and formed the basis of the Tasmanian herd. I would not be surprised if the Grant herd originated from the McNabs' Oakbank Annie, the first Ayrshire cow imported into Australia, and the McKerchar herd at Greenvale originated in the same way.(See my MCNAB journal.)

The Seafield River Frontage (Melway 4 F8) comprised the rest of John Grant's 400 acres. The Seafield homestead was being built in 1861. This fact has not been established before. Seafield National School (Melway,bottom of 4 F5)operated from 1859 to 1884 when it and the Wesleyan School were replaced by State School 2613 at the Bulla Rd/ Conders Lane (Link Rd)north corner. It is no mystery where the large number of pupils came from.John Pascoe Fawkner had established a land co-operative settlement on both sides of Mansfields Rd (Melway 4 C 2-4 to G 3-5)circa 1850. This was north west of Seafield. He had done the same on section 7 east of section 8 and such as Joseph Allen (5 B8)would have found the Seafield school much closer than the Wesleyan one (Melway 5 H 12).

John Grant had a claim to fame. It was not as the pioneer of Ayrshires as members of his family later claimed. If this claim was true, John would surely have mentioned it in his 1888 biog.in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS. But he is credited with growing the first large tract of wheat in Victoria while at Campbellfield, before moving to Tullamarine.


Taking leave of Seafield at this point, we entered on the farm of Mr David Duncan, a level piece of good agricultural land about 470 acres in extent, 332 of which are under the plough and the balance in natural pasturage.There is a fine stretch of wheat, 120 acres all in one piece, looking remarkably even and well,but sown rather later than we would have liked. Of oats intended for seed we inspected forty acres, very good and even ; next to which were forty acres of self-sown, intended for hay,of which we have only to say that they were better than self-sown oats deserve to be. It appeared, however, that they were not intended for a crop, but were considered too good to plough up. There is also a breadth of 120 acres for hay, which as far as the cursory glance we were enabled to give them permitted us to judge, were likely to give an average crop, ex-
cepting the late sown ones ; these must rely solely on the weather during the next two months ; the twelve acres of barley in ear was a capital piece.

Mr Duncan is among the successful exhibitors of horse-stock, both at Melbourne and country shows, and his pasture land contained several fine mares and young stock of various ages.

David Duncan was a joint grantee of section 14 Tullamarine in 1850 but later bought the share of his partner William Thompson. Bulla Rd had cut off 80 acres at the north east corner so that Gowrie Park (unsubdivided) consisted of 560 acres but the northern part,Gowrie Side of about 90 acres was obviously detached from it by 1861 because David only had 470 acres;perhaps Thompson's share of the grant had been the northern 90 acres and the north eastern 80 acres cut off by Bulla Rd. Gowrie Park is west of the airport terminal building and extends north to about Distance Rd. David Duncan was a founder of the Agricultural Society and was highly applauded for his contributions. (See PORT PHILLIP PIONEERS website.) He was also a builder and built the now-demolished Roseneath east of Woodlands Park, Essendon where Big Clarke died and William Salmon lived for many years. (See my DAVID DUNCAN THE BUILDER journal.)


The farm of Mr Dewar adjoins that of Mr D. Duncan ; there is also a farm in the occupation of a brother of Mr
D.'s, the homestead of which is prettily set off by Mr Coghill's forest,its sombre green forming an admirable background and shelter from hot winds.

It was rather stupid of the reporter to use Mr D. as an abbreviation when he was discussing both Mr Duncan and Mr Dewar. William Dewar's Glendewar was across Bulla Rd from Gowrie Park. It was part of Riddell's grant, section 15 Tullamarine, as was the south east corner now containing the original airport terminal,which Riddell sold to John Mansfield (volume 106 folio 595)that was Alan Payne's pig farm Scone when acquired for the airport.

William Dewar was a caretaker for Riddell* before purchasing a large part of it.(volume 46 folio 766.) (*His biog.in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.) Glendewar's Bulla road frontage stretched from the bottom of Melway 5 E7 to the middle of 5 B4 and the new homestead built by the Johnsons (after the beautiful Cumberland homestead -Melway 5 C1-was burnt down)was at the junction of the freeway and Melbourne Drive in the top half of 5 D6. William Dewar's original homestead was much nearer the Moonee Ponds Creek.It is not shown on the ordnance map mentioned below but a driveway to nothing,nearly 800 metres long indicates that this bluestone dwelling was near Marker Rd in Melway 5D4.

An army ordnance map reproduced on page 17 of my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE shows all the farm houses in the area under discussion in the article and far beyond. A driveway left Grants Lane (the southern boundary of Gowrie Park) 693 metres east of McNabs Rd and extended 800 metres due north to a house. At the time (about 2000), I assumed that this was the Gowrie Park homestead but I now notice what seems to be a house only 213 metres north of Grants Rd about 960 east of McNabs Rd and 1280 metres east of Ellis's corner (the bend in Melrose Drive which was the original Bulla Rd/ Grant's Lane corner.)

I now think that the more northerly house was the Gowrie Side homestead occupied by David Duncan's brother and that the one farther east was the Gowrie Park homestead.Thus the Gowrie Park homestead in the bottom left corner of 5 A5 and the Gowrie Side homestead would be near the top right corner of 4 J4.

Just where in Gowrie Park the reporter was standing when he saw Mr D's brother's farm "the homestead of which is prettily set off by Mr Coghill's forest,its sombre green forming an admirable background and shelter from hot winds" is not known. The hot winds would be northerlies so I believe he was at about the site of gate 18 in 4 J5 looking at the Gowrie Side homestead (east of the runway in 4 J4) with Coghill's "Cumberland" forest visible directly behind at 5 A1.



Time, however, prevented our visiting these places,but it may be mentioned that on most soils in that district, the early wheats are irregular; no rain having fallen for so long a time after they were sown, much of the seed perished or came away at uncertain intervals, some even as late as that sown in the spring. The same cause
operated unfavorably on the early sown oats, part of which are in jag whilst others have barely attained six inches in height. There is not, perhaps, much more wheat sown this year than in average seasons, in the district under notice, but there is certainly less hay, much of the land that once bore it being no longer
under cultivation. The larger farms are gradually initiating a reproductive system by increasing the amount of stock, though as yet not to much extent, and we were gratified to observe the importance of root crops beginning to be recognised. But on passing down the Deep Creek Road towards Melbourne, the number of small farms now vacant leads to the inference that such limited holdings do not, at the present price of produce, prove remunerative to the occupant. With proper farming, and attention to minor matters, they might have afforded a living to an industrious man ; but though attempting to cultivate more than can be done well is bad policy, it is equally injudicious and unprofitable to be cramped for room ; both extremes should be avoided.

The smaller farms of about 7 acres,or multiples thereof,would have been too small to allow rotation of crops and much grazing other than for a milking cow,a horse for ploughing, small gardens and orchards etc.,so the soil soon became depleted of minerals. On top of this,lack of farming expertise and the fall-off in passing trade due to the Keilor route, many members of J.P.Fawkner's land cooperative sold their blocks which were absorbed into Oakbank or were consolidated into Love's dairy farm or Spiers' 101 acre farm (later Bill Ellis's "Ecclesfield".)

Nearing Melbourne, and whilst still in the district of Moonee Ponds, many of the fields present one unbroken mass of sorrel, just now in bloom. To these no stronger contrast could be afforded than the beautiful paddock that connects Mr M'Cracken's farm with the road, now perfectly white with the blossoms of Dutch clover.Why, with such an example before them, the owners or occupiers of sorrel paddocks permit them to remain in so unprofitable a state, we cannot conceive. At best, it is very discreditable, and we hope they will take the hint.(P.7,The Age, 24-10-1861.)

As a city slicker, I had no idea what sorrel was. The Wikipedia entry has some good photos and much detail,of which I provide only the following.

Common sorrel or garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa), often simply called sorrel, is a perennial herb in the family Polygonaceae. Other names for sorrel include spinach dock and narrow-leaved dock. It is a common plant in grassland habitats and is cultivated as a garden herb or leaf vegetable (pot herb).

Peter McCracken's farm was "Ardmillan" which fronted Mt Alexander Rd between the lines of Derby St and the Ardmillan Rd/Park St midline. Peter had leased much of today's Gladstone Park from 1846 to 1855 and then leased two thirds of Murphy's grants between Macaulay Rd and Swamp (Dynon) Rd at Kensington to run a dairy farm while his Ardmillan mansion was being built with profits from the family brewery. He moved onto Ardmillan,probably leaving the dairy in the care of Mr Hyslop (Victoria and its Metropolis entry;can't remember his christian name)but poor returns and burnt haystacks etc.forced him to give up the Kensington dairy farm which (with part of Highett's grant fronting the east side of Footscray - now Kensington-Rd) became the Kensington Park Racecourse run by W.S.Cox until 1882 when Murphy's estate was subdivided,forcing a move to Feehan's Farm at Moonee Valley.

Peter was a major shareholder in the private railway between North Melbourne and Essendon,which was in operation by 1861. Therefore the beautiful paddock described was between the railway and Mt Alexander Rd. The railway closed in 1864 due to losses and Peter was forced to sell the majority of Ardmillan to Rev. Puckle's son and the beautiful paddock to Taylor, after whom Taylor St is named.He moved to a heritage listed house in Powlett St (Gipps St corner?),East Melbourne.


DEATH OF JOHN McNAB'S MOTHER.
THE Friends of Mr. JOHN Mc'NAB, farmer, of Tullamarine, are respectively Invited to follow the remains of his late mother to the place of interment,Campbellfield Cemetery, The funeral will leave Tullamarine to-morrow, Friday, at 11 o'clock a.m. (P.8, Argus,26-12-1861.)

Campbellfield cemetery could mean the Will Will Rook cemetery or the even more historic cemetery near the Scots Church in Sydney Rd. In this case it was the former.
Will Will Rook Cemetery - Australian Cemeteries
www.australiancemeteries.com/.../Will%20Will%20Rook%20Broadmead...
Will Will Rook cemetery is located off Camp Road Broadmeadows and is also ... then 2007. Looking towards McNab grave on left and the Camerons on right.


1862.
Dr Candler held an inquest at Essendon yesterday, on the body of a man named James Guthrie. The deceased was a farmer, residing at Tullamarine, with his brother. They had been to Melbourne together on the Monday, and his
brother went home on Monday evening, leaving him in town. From the evidence of a Mr Rocher, who keeps the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Moonee Ponds, it appears that deceased came to his house and stopped there drinking until a late hour in the night, when he called for his horse,which he mounted and rode away. He then appeared capable of taking care of himself. Charles Wooley, a laboring man, found the deceased at half-past six o'clock on Tuesday morning, lying on his face, quite dead, on the Keilor road, near the Lincolnshire Arms, to which place he conveyed him. There were no marks of any struggle having taken place near the spot. The horse belonging to the deceased had gone home, and was found by deceased's brother standing outside the stable door next morning. The jury returned a verdict that deceased had died from extravasation of blood on the brain, probably caused by a fall from off his horse. (P.5,The Age,28-8-1862.)

The Farmers'Arms still stands on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St,Essendon but is no longer a hotel. Mr Rocher was probably leasing the hotel from Peter Pitches who started it and is recalled by Pitches St just south of the hotel site. William Chadwick from Broadmeadows Township later ran it for many years before moving to Benalla and building a hotel of the same name which remains,near the station.

The Guthries would have travelled to Glengyle via Keilor Village and today's Borrell St (named after the 1916 Spanish pioneers on Gumm's Corner when the Calder Freeway cut it off) which was originally called Arundel Rd, crossing the river on Bertram's Ford.The Linc. still stands on the same site but is not Tulip Wight's original building. The Woolleys were early pioneers who lived in the area for a long time and I seem to remember George Woolley living in the historic "Laluma". Alexander and James Guthrie were co-grantees of 1022 acres in the parish of Bulla. As Andrew had moved onto Torgarf*just over a fortnight after his brother's death, I presume that the deceased was the co-grantee.

POSTSCRIPT. Andrew Guthrie would have gone to Torgarf (not Glengyle)on the Monday night to give his dairy cows a beauty treatment the next morning so they'd look attractive for the sale of his 65 cows and dairy implements on September 4.Ironically the advertisement and the inquest report were published on the same day! It appears that James was finalising the departure from Glengyle (selling the corn,or Maize? crops etc)while Andrew got Torgarf underway,having already transferred the dairying operation.
M .M'cCAW and ANOTHER have received instructions from A Guthrie, Esq., in consequence of his determination to confine his attention exclusively to sheep farming, to SELL by AUCTION, at Torgarf, near the Constitution Hotel, etc. (P.2, Argus, 28-8-1862.)
The Coopers'Constitution Hotel was across Sunbury Rd from the Lancefield turn off (Dunsford's Track.)


IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA : in Its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.-
In the Goods of JAMES GUTHRIE, of Glengyle, in the Parish of Tullamarine, in the County of Bourke, in
the Colony of Victoria, Farmer, Deceased, Intestate -Notlce 1s hereby given, that, after the expiration of
fourteen days after the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honourable Court, In its eclesas-
tlcal jurisdiction, that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of all the personal effects whatsoever within the
colony of Victoria, of the above-named deceased, James Guthrie, may be granted and committed to Alexander Guthrie, of Torgart*, near Sunbury, in the county of Bourke, in the colony of Victoria, brother and next of kin to the said deceased.
Dated this 10th day of September, D 1862. MACGREGOR acd HENDERSON, 67 Little Collins street west, Melbourne, proctors for the above named Alexander Guthrie. (P.7, Argus, 16-9-1862.)

1863.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 3 January 1863 p 4 Family Notices
BIRTHS. BROWNE.-On tho 1st inst., at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, Mrs. H. J.Browne of a daughter.
Hugh Junor Browne was an early member of the Broadmeadows Road Board but resigned in 1864 or 1865 while serving a term as chairman, along with James Maconochie of Stewarton (northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park)and John Bethell of Broadmeadows Township. (P.55, BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)Andrew Lemon can be forgiven for giving his surname as Brown (as it was written in the rate book!)

A letter from Hugh Browne, who said much the same as his neighbour to the north (Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint) about the Melbourne Hunt's disregard for farmers' fences and crops has been included in my journal DON'T YOU DARE MELBOURNE HUNT.

I'm guessing the baby was named Pattie and was the subject of one of a series of articles entitled WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO MAKE AUSTRALIA. Good guess?
Deakin, Elizabeth Martha Anne - National Library of Australia
nla.gov.au/nla.party-728060
At age 19 in 1882 Pattie Browne married Alfred Deakin who became the ... Pattie Browne was born at Camp Hill, Tullamarine Victoria on 1st January 1863. ... In 1912 Pattie was invited to be president of the Lyceum Club, a new club for women



Glenn and Guthrie farming on Camp Hill. (Assessment in Broadmeadows rates.) The name of Robert Glenn's partner cannot be recalled at the moment but it was not Alexander and James (the Glengyle farmers); Glenn's partner's brother was W.J.Guthrie,as revealed in a progress report re the insolvency of Robert Glenn.

I.W.Symonds (BULLA BULLA) or Grant Aldous (THE SHIRE THAT TOOK OFF- unpublished manuscript perused at the Sam Merrifield Library)stated that Gilbert Alston conducted his trade at Tullamarine before becoming a Bulla pioneer.This advertisement confirms the claim. I wonder if his nephew, William Alston and young Gilbert (who became early Mornington blackmiths in partnership*) started their apprenticeships with Gilbert at Tullamarine or Bulla. (*THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE by Bruce Bennett.) See the ALSTON entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal for extensive information.

WANTED, an APPRENTlCE, or improver, to the wheelwright business. Apply to Gllbert Alston, Tullamarine.
(P.1,Argus, 11-7-1863.)

1864.
DAVID DUNCAN'S DEATH. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 17 December 1864 p 8 Family Notices
... -park, Tullamarine, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment in the Melbourne ...

1865.
William Love showed little love to Thomas Anderson whom he assaulted. William Love had a wedge shaped parcel of land on the west side of Victoria St which separated Charles Nash's Fairview from William Dewar's Glendewar and I believe that Thomas Anderson's land (assessed by Broadmeadows Road Board) was south of Fairview. The following record comes from Sue O'Neill and Angela Evans' "Selected Keilor Court records."
Keilor Court records - Freepages - Ancestry.com
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pobjoyoneill/.../keilcourt.h...
(found in a google search.)

ANDERSON, THOMAS LOVE, WILLIAM ASSAULTING THE COMP. BY STRIKING HIS HEAD AGAINST THE GROUND. 07 FEB 1865. DAMAGES 10/- COSTS 2.2 IMMEDIATE PAYMENT.

Not many Tullamarine residents seem to have appeared at the Keilor court but the LOVE AFFAIR continued with William Love accusing Thomas Anderson of hitting him with a spade. The charge was dismissed.

LOVE, WILLIAM ANDERSON, THOMAS ASSAULTING COMPLAINANT WITH A SPADE AT TULLAMARINE ON 28 JAN 1865. 07 FEB 1865 DISMISSED

INSOLVENT COURT. Saturday, 11th March. (Before the Chief Commissioner.) SPECIAL EXAMINATION MEETING.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Monday 13 March 1865 p 6 Article
... . IN RE ROBERT GLENN.The insolvent, who had been a farmer at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, was examined by ...

EXTRACT ONLY. He (Robert Glenn)affirmed his inability to tell the whereabouts of his partner, who had gone off he knew not whither. The wife of the insolvent was then called, and admitted that, on the occasion mentioned, she gave a book and a number of papers to a man named Guthrie, who was working in the garden, to keep them for
her. She was corroborated by Guthrie.

Broadmeadows' ratebook of 1863 had assessments for Hugh Junor Browne and for Glenn and Guthrie on Camp Hill. While researching Alex Guthrie and his brother,firstly on Glengyle (section 1 Tullamarine) and later near Sunbury,I thought that the Guthrie on Camp Hill might have been one of those two brothers but he wasn't. He might have been a third brother or totally unrelated. Robert Glenn said that he didn't know the whereabouts of his partner, whose brother W.J.Guthrie was the man working in the garden and who testified in court.

At first I thought that Glenn and Guthrie would have been on the part of Camp Hill between Bulla and Broadmeadows Rd later known as Mansfield's triangle but then realised that being Broadmeadows ratepayers they would have to be between Bulla Rd and the Moonee Ponds Creek.


1866.
The Hendry family had probably taken over Alexander Train's store and it was to be the polling place in Tullamarine for the South Province election. The polling places in Bulla was the common school (by 1866 in School Lane, I believe)and in Broadmeadows Township the Church of England School (on the site of the present Westmeadows Primary School, having earlier been on Mr Raleigh's farm and then in St Paul's if I remember the school's history correctly.) Keilor's was in the court house,now better known as the old shire hall.


Mrs. Hendry's store, Tullamarine. (P.8, Argus,1-10-1866.)

1867.
Campbellfield Cemetery was the Will Will Rook Cemetery in this case too.
THE Friends of Mr. JOHN GRANT, of Seafield, Tullamarine, are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late daughter Mary Christina, to the place of interment, Campbellfield Cemetery. The funeral will leave his residence, Seafield, tomorrow (Tuesday), October 8, at 11 o'clock a.m.HENRY ALLISON, undertaker, Victoria-street west, Melbourne. (P.8, Argus,7-10-1867.)

1868.
See comment 9 re Richard Mitchell's insolvency and Tullamarine residents paying rates to the Broadmeadows Road Board in 1863.

15 comment(s), latest 3 weeks, 3 days ago

THE WEBSTER FAMILY OF SORRENTO, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

PRIVATE MESSAGE TO ITELLYA.
William Webster jumped ship (Genghis Khan) in 1853, somewhere in Port Phillip - maybe near to Sorrento, and then established himself in Sorrento eventually as a builder. He is our ggg grandfather. He married Catherine Condon in Melbourne in 1857 and together they raised their family in Sorrento. There are a few landmarks named after William webster but we would like to follow up more about his life in that area until he died in 1928. Any help would be appreciated. Rae (Surname supplied.)

P.156,LIME LAND LEISURE (C.N.Hollinshed-available for loan from Rosebud Library.)
William Webster deserted with five other crewmen in 1853 near the Quarantine Station.

UNCONFIRMED MEMORY
Lime Land Leisure or Rye Primary School 1667 by Patricia Appleton,most likely the former. I believe I remember a mention of William Webster snoozing in the Sullivans' lime kiln south of the present Browns Rd/Weeroona St intersection. I don't think he was badly burnt. FIND!!!!!!!!!!!!

FOUND!!! My memory's a bit tangled isn't it?
Webster, William 134
falls into lime kiln and is nearly killed 53, 156
works at Edward Russells lime kiln 147
(Index to Charles . Hollinshed, ECF Bird and oel Goss's Lime ...
www.anzsi.org/UserFiles/file/Index%20Series%207.pdf)

The only harvest from 422 results in a "Webster,Sorrento" google search has been posted in comments. By the way,the Williamsons mentioned in the Flinders Heritage Study (Sorrento area) might have been Webster relatives.



SORRENTO, MONDAY.
Dr. Rowan, of the Melbourne Lying-in Hospital, is attending a family named Webster, the members of which are laid up with scarlet fever. Two are convalescent, four are seriously ill, and two are unaffected. The cottage is quite isolated, being over a mile from the township. All communication with it has been prohibited.
(P.5, Argus, 7-12-1875.)

SORRENTO, Tuesday.
No other case of scarlet fever has occurred. Dr. Rowan reports the Webster children to be very much better. All danger is past.(P.5, Argus, 8-12-1875.)

TO LET, Sorrento, six roomed COTTAGE, close to baths, splendid bay view. Apply W Webster,Sorrento.
(P.8, Argus, 12-3-1878.)

WEBSTER, SORRENTO,VICTORIA,ARTICLE SEARCH.
W. Webster, Sorrento dayman, applying for leave of absence.-14 days, granted. (Flinders and Kangerong Shire Council. (CORRESPONDENCE.)Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 4 May 1912 p 2 Article.)

Public Works, re council's application for wire netting.-The Secretary stated all preliminary action had been taken ; the netting would soon now be available. The following were appointed to receive the netting and
hand over to applicants, Messrs Lamble (Bittern), Wilding (Flinders), Webster (Sorrento), and J. Clydesdale (Dromana): (Flinders and Kangerong Shire Council.
Mornington and Dromana Standard (Vic. : 1908 - 1911) Saturday 5 June 1909 p 3 Article.)

ACCUSED BUT THE JUDGE DIDN'T BELIEVE IT!
(IN DIVORCE. Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1857 - 1918) Tuesday 7 August 1906 p 4 Article.)
(CURIOUS DIVORCE CASE. Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918) Tuesday 7 August 1906 p 8 Article.)
(The Prahran Telegraph (Vic. : 1889 - 1909; 1914 - 1918) Saturday 12 November 1904 p 3 Article.)

From Mr. Webster, asking council's permission to remove a sandhill in front of his house at Sorrento. Carried.
(COUNCIL NEWS. FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 4 June 1896 p 3 Article.)

Miss Judith Armstrong will spend the Christmas holidays as the guest of her fiance's parents, Mr and Mrs Webster, at Sorrento. (Table Talk (Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939) Thursday 15 December 1938 p 33 Article Illustrated.)

RESUME FROM PAGE 6 OF RESULTS. Search continued to P.12 of results,then for 1880-9 and 1990-9 with no results.

CORRESPONDENCE. From W. Webster, resigning position as Inspector of Nuisances at Sorrento. Accepted.
(Flinders and Kangerong Shire Council. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30th.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 7 December 1907 p 3 Article)

Next article chronologically.
SORRENTO-At a well attended annual meeting of the Sorrento Progress Association on Thursday, the following office bearers were elected:
-President, Mr Walter Stringer; treasurer, Mr.A. Webster; secretary, Mr McKiernan; vice presidents.-, Councillor Macfarlan Messrs. C. Pope and Ploog; committee Dr Brown, Messrs. Hurr,Robins, Moffat, Tayton, Redman and Spunner -
Tenders for building the Soldiers' Hall will shortly be called.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 3 September 1923 p 15 Article)
N.B. Family noticesshoe that A. Webster was neither a son of William Webster nor William Webster Junior.

No more articles for the decade.


WEBSTER.-On the 22nd April, at Sorrento, Catherine, beloved wife of William Webster,snr., beloved mother of Mrs. Watson, Mrs. Priest,Mrs. Eldred, Mrs. Hastings, William, and Mrs.Williamson, aged 78 years.
(P.1, Argus,25-4-1916.)

WEBSTER.-On the 11th August, at his daughter's residence, 14 Rooding street, North Brighton, William, beloved husband of the late Catherine Webster, and loving father of Annie(deceased), Margaret Watson (deceased), Ellen
(Mrs. Priest), Catherine (Mrs. Eldred), Mary Jane (Mrs. Hastings), William, Caroline (Mrs.Williamson), late of Sorrento, aged 96 years. R.I.P. (P.1, Argus, 15-8-1928.)

WILLIAMSON.-On the 17th November, Caroline Edith, beloved wife of George Williamson,Clinton, Sorrento, and loved sister of Annie (deceased), Margaret (Mrs. Watson, deceased), Ellen (Mrs. Priest),- Katie (Mrs. Eldred), Jinnie (Mrs. Hastings), William Webster. R.I.P.

WILLIAMSON.-On the 17th November. Caroline Edith, beloved daughter of the late William and Catherine Webster, of Sorrento, and devoted sister of William and Jinnie Hastings, Fitzroy street, St, Kilda. R.I.P.
(P.13, Argus, 24-11-1928.)

WEBSTER - In sad and loving memory of my dear father, William, passed away August 11,1928, also my dear mother, Catherine, April 22,1916, late of Sorrento - R.I.P. (Inserted by their loving daughter, Jinnie Hastings, St Kilda.) (P.1, Argus, 11-8-1932.)

The following would be the son of William and Catherine. (See Rae's information.)
WEBSTER. - On March 5, at Sorrento, William, beloved husband of the late Margaret, and loving father of Dorothy (Mrs. Paul). Alicia (Mrs. Woods), and Edna (Mrs.White). -R.I.P. (P.2,Argus, 6-3-1946.)

WEBSTER.-The Funeral of the late Mr.WILLIAM WEBSTER will leave his residence,St. Paul's Road, Sorrento. THIS DAY (Wednesday), at 2.30 p.m., for the Sorrento Cemetery. CHAS. MORGAN. Sorrento. Phone 15.
(Argus,6-3-1946: digitisation with page 2, notice on page 18.)

The wonderful Muzza of McCrae has recorded so much of the peninsula's heritage with his photography.
Attanagh (2010). This was built in 1896, for William Webster, who was for many years the Crown Land Bailiff at Sorrento Back Beach. (The photo of Attanagh is the 7th in the top row.)
(Sorrento Photos | Lets Book Hotel
www.letsbookhotel.com Australia Photos)

Attanagh was obviously built for Willam Webster Junior whose 1946 funeral left from his St Paul's Rd residence.
Attanagh is at 60 St Pauls Rd.

60 St Pauls Road SORRENTO (Photos.)

Property Summary Features:
3 beds, 1 bath

Property Summary
Price:
$850,000 - $915,000
Property type:
House
Suburb:
SORRENTO (profile)
Region:
Melbourne Region

Attanagh - A Gorgeous Sorrento Coastal Cottage
Built in 1896 this pretty, refurbished and extended fisherman's cottage is perfectly located only 670m from the bay beach and just 4 blocks to Sorrento village.

The perfect character family beach house situated on a huge, level 1068sqm approximately, the home comprises 3 bedrooms, a cosy lounge with mantle and open fireplace, sitting room with second fireplace and a sunny living room extension opening through bi-fold doors onto a large north west facing deck area. With high baltic ceilings and a charm that only a true period Sorrento beach house can harbour, there's an attractive country eat-in kitchen, a central bathroom, separate toilet and a laundry.

Boasting a fully useable and rare grassy allotment of 1068SQM approximately, the opportunity exists to move in and enjoy this wonderfully comfortable beach escape as is, further extend, or even rebuild in this prime location. Plus your morning cappuccino and paper awaits at the St Paul's General Store...simply perfect!
(60 St Pauls Road, Sorrento - Real Estate for Sale ...
www.reviewproperty.com.au ... VIC Melbourne Region Sorrento
With high baltic ceilings and a charm that only a true period Sorrento beach house can harbour, there's an ... Attanagh - A Gorgeous Sorrento Coastal Cottage.)

KILVENNY (see comments) the house built by William Webster Snr in the 1850's does seem to be the core of the present dwelling. The text accompanying Muzza's photo says that Kilvenny was built in the 1920's but "extended" would seem to be a more appropriate verb, judging from the roof lines. This was almost certainly the dwelling that William leased out during the season in the 1870's. Like many other families, his family probably moved into a fairly basic shack for the season in order to boost finances. I can only presume from the google location that Webster's Corner was the corner of Pt Nepean Rd and St Paul's Rd. (No need to presume; I should have looked at Melway first! See 157 C 8.)

4 comment(s), latest 2 weeks, 6 days ago