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HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF NAMES OF TRARALGON, VIC., AUST. AND STREETS AND TOWNS IN THE VICINITY.

Unfortunately, although the names of towns, suburbs and streets can recall much of the history of an area, their origins were never officially recorded. The surveyors of townships often named streets after military or naval heroes, surveyors and politicians or senior bureaucrats. Those who know their area's history well will recognise streets named after pioneers such as Alphabetical Foster and Dr Farquhar McCrae at Dandenong because the surname was used. However if these streets bore a christian name of these two holders of the Eumemmering Run, the names might have been John,Vesy,Leslie or Fitzgerald and Farquhar Streets, making their origins much harder to determine.

It was while I was looking for the following account of Traralgon's early history, The River of Little Fish*, which I had read some years ago while researching Edward Hobson, that I discovered another gem.
(* "The River of Little Fish"
www.traralgonhistory.asn.au/rolf.htm
An historical account of Traralgon, written for the boys and girls of the city. First published in 1970. Contents. Foreword - from the author William J. Cuthill.)

I take my hat off to the journalist who wrote the following in 1914. If only the editors of all local papers had shown the same initiative, there would be no need for the guesswork involved regarding the origins of subdivisional street names derived from christian names. I only know the origins of the street names at Tootgarook such as Alma, Guest, Raymond, Ronald and Doig because a woman rang me to tell me that her hairdresser at Canterbury had owned land there and I managed to get in touch with his son. If only all municipalities had been required to record such details about subdivision streets! That is what the journalist did.

TRARALGON NAMES.
The Historical Society of Aus-
tralia is at present engaged on an
investigation of the meaning and
history of place names which are
used throughout the States. Such
an inquiry is interesting, and will
afterwards be of great value to
future historians. But for our-
selves, it may be interesting to do
the same thing in a small way, and
to enquire as to the various names
which have grown up in connec-
tion with our town, and endea-
vour to find out how they came
into being, and if there is any
meaning which they are intended
to convey.
When and by whom the name
Traralgon was given to this local-
ity, I have been unable to find out,
but it was certainly given at a very
early period in the history of the
State. The earliest spelling of the
name is reported to be "Tarral-
gon," a slight variation of the
present form, and the word itself
(by those learned in these mat-
ters) is said to be a native. name
signifying the "river of little
fishes," while the neighboring and
equally familiar name of Loy Yang
is said to mean "big eels."
The great bulk of names which
grow up around a town are usually
in. connection with street names.
These are necessarily many in
number, usually of local origin,
and are frequently used as a means
of perpetuating the names of citi-
zens who have rendered good ser-
vice to the community, and are
considered worthy to be held in
remembrance. Many items of his-
tory are often gleaned from such
a source as this.
When and by whom the first
streets in Traralgon were named
is another question to which I am
unable to give a definite answer.
The oldest township plan available
is dated 1871. On that plan the
following names are printed: Fran-
klin, Seymour, Hotham Kay and
Grey. Possibly they were given by
the surveyor who laid out the
township many years before that
date. Merely as names, they are
very suitable, but they have no
local meaning or significance. Kay
street, as then applied, extended
from the west to the east boun-
dary of the township, and inclu-
ded what is now known as the
Rosedale Road.
The next christening of streets
took place in the latter part of
the seventies, but by whom the
ceremony was performed I have
not been able to discover. While
recently examining an official plan
of the township in the Lands of-
fice, I noticed that the streets
which are now known as Peterkin,
Campbell and Gwalia were named
on it Black, Moore and Bowen.
This was before the formation of
the Traralgon shire, and it was
not done on any recommendation
from the Rosedale shire. As the
Lands department was selling land
in those streets at the time, possi-
bly these names were also applied
by some official in that office. The
peculiar part of the affair is that
the names were recorded nowhere
but on the official plan of the
township, and as they have
not been published since, the na-
mes have been completely lost, and
at a later date the streets were
re-named by the Traralgon shire
council.
In 1884 the Traralgon council
took up the question of street na-
mes, this being the first time that
any local authority had ever taken
the matter in hand. By resolution
the following names were formally
adopted: Argyle, Mitchell, Church,
Breed, Princess, Peterkin, Mason,
Mill, Berry and Gwalia. Shortly
afterwards, but apparently without
any express authority, the follow-
ing were added: Campbell, Ser-
vice, Deakin, George, John, Munro
Flora and High. About the same
time Mr. Peterkin subdivided Loch
Park, named after the Governor of
that time, and the streets in it
received the names of their daugh-
ters: Ethel, Mabel and Olive.
It may be mentioned that Miss. O.
Peterkin's wedding was recently
reported in your columns. Mr.
Breed followed with the Ben Vue
subdivision to the streets of
which he gave the christian na-
mes of himself, his wife and son:
Henry, Ann and Albert. Henry
and Olive were for different por-
tions of the same street, and as it
soon became evident that to have
two names for one street was very
undesirable, the name of Olive has
been gradually dropped, and the
whole length of the street in ques-
tion is now known as Henry street.
Another subdivision at this per-
iod was the Hyde Park, by Mr.
F. C. Mason, to the streets of
which the names of his children,
Charles, Marie,and Rose were gi-
ven, although these names as yet
have not come into general use.
The Templeton Estate gave us
Bourke, Collins, Swanston and
Morrison, although only Collins
street now remains, the rest hav-
ing reverted into private occupa-
tion.
For a period of nearly twenty-
five years, no further action was
taken. The council then again
took up the matter, and formally
adopted the following: Hickox,
Dunbar, McColl, McLean, Living-
ston, Howitt, Bridge, Shakespere
and Tennyson. The Park subdivl-
sion added to the list: Burns, Gor-
don and Moore. Except for some
private subdivlsion names which
have been given since, this com-
pletes the catalogue.
Now, reviewing this list, and se-
lecting the names of those who
were at one time residents, we get
the following: Campbell, Peter-
kin, Breed, Mill, McLean, Mitchell,
Hickox, Dunbar, McColl and
Munro. Howitt may also be re-
garded as a local name, in recog-
nition of the late Dr. Howitt's long
connection with the district, as
a police magistrate. Mr. Munro,
as manager of the Bank of Austra-
lasia, was not a resident of long
standing, although he was a very
active and energetic citizen when
he was here. With this exception,
all the others are pioneer citizens,
with whom the history of Traral-
gon will ever be associated. Only
one of them, Mr. Mill, is still alive,
but in their day and generation
they well and worthily did their
part in the building up of the
town in which we live, and Tra-
ralgon to-day is reaping the fruit
of their labors. Now that they are
no longer with us, it is well that
their names should be perpretra-
ted in the way which has been
done.
Of political names we have Ser-
vice, Berry, Deakin, Mason and
Livingston, each of whom has ren-
dered the State some service, and
are entitled to remembrance.
Franklin, Seymour, Hotham and
Grey are names of officers in the
Imperial service, but who Kay is
in memory of I am unable to say.
The name has no connection with
E. Kay, who, later on, was a pro-
minent resident.
The number of streets having
christian names is large. We have
the Peterkin names, Ethel, Mabel
and Olive; the Breed names, Ann
Albert and Henry; and Mason na-
mes, Charles, Marie and Rose; and
these we can account for. But
where George, Flora and John
came from is uncertain. The name
Flora was given to the Rosedale
road, and never came into use;
George and John are small streets
on the east side of the creek; and
the names are rarely used.
Several names are descriptive of
the physical features of the streets
âas High, Church and Bridge, and
explain themselves.
Poetry is well represented, as
we have Shakespere, Tennyson,
Burns, Moore, and Gordon.
There are other names which
have no local or other significanice
that I know of, such as Gwalia.
Whence it came, or what it stands
for, I cannot say, but the name
Bowen originally applied, repre-
senting the Governor of that per-
iod, would have been better.
Generally, it may be said that
names have grown up here, as they
have in other parts, in a hapha-
zard and disconnected fashion.
Given at different tlmes, and by
different people, without any com-
mon policy, no other result could
be expected. But it is rather to be
regretted that greater use has not
been made of this means of recog-
nising the services which have
been rendered to the community
by public spirited citizens. Besides
those, whose names have already
been enumerated, there are others
who have taken an active part im
the building of the town, and has-
tening its onward progress. But
they are now fading out of re-
membrance, and their works are
being forgotten. Naming a street
is a very, simple, yet very effective,
way of keeping alive the memory
of those people the community
wishes to honor.
A few references may be made
to the over-use of names, Traral-
gon being one which is very much
overworked. In addition to the
Traralgon township, and Traral-
gon Creek, we have TraraIgon
West, Traralgon South and Upper
Traralgon Creek. The latter is
cumbersome and confusing, and
might very well be replaced by
something simpler. Now that the
district referred to as making great
progress with a school, public hall,
and regular postal communication,
it is worthy of having some dis-
tinctive name, which would be all
its own.
Flynn's Creek and Upper Flynn's
Creek is another instance of re-
petition, which confuses a stran-
ger, and is a frequent cause of
letters being misdirected. The lat-
ter name might well be superseded
by something shorter, and more
euphonious, and more appropriate
to the district.
A further instance is Jeeralang.
Originally, it was the name of a
parish only. Now that settlement
has progressed, and schools and
post offices establshed, we have
Jeeralang North, Jeeralang South
Jeeralang West and Jeeralang,
while Jeeralang road is applied to
several different places. Except to
anyone intimately acquainted with
the locality, it is confusing in the
extreme, and to correctly address
a letter is often a problem. It
would greatly simplify matters if
each separate centre, where a post
office or school has been establi-
shed adopted some separate name
of its own. (P.3, Gippsland Farmers Journal (Traralgon), 26-5-1914.)

DICTIONARY HISTORY OF PIONEERS, PROPERTIES AND EVENTS ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

DICTIONARY HISTORY OF PIONEERS AND PROPERTIES ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.

TO ENABLE A DECADE'S WORK TO BE COMPLETED WITHIN, HOPEFULLY, A YEAR, MOST OF WHAT I WRITE IS FROM MEMORY RATHER THAN LABORIOUSLY FINDING AND PASTING MY DETAILED FINDINGS INCLUDED IN COUNTLESS OTHER JOURNALS.

Entries for the following pioneers in the parish of Wannaeue have already been written in my journal PIONEERS OF THE PARISH OF WANNAEUE, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. and will not be repeated here. This earlier journal has a link for the parish map provided by janilye in comment 1 so that boundaries of properties, for which only a Melway reference is given here, can be more accurately determined. I have listed the pioneers about whom I've already written in the other journal here so that I don't have to remember to refer you to the Wannaeue journal in each individual entry. (WEST TO EAST) PURVES, SULLIVAN, BLAIR W.A., PAGE, WHITE G., STENNIKEN, TRUEMAN, ROWLEY,RUSSELL, WILLIAMS, CRISPO, LOVIE, FORD, CRIPPS (Back Road Bob Cairns and Robert Henry Adams re trespass), ROBERTS.

Fairly extensive details of members of pioneering Dromana families buried in Dromana cemetery (and some that are not) are given in my journal CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS (FROM TROVE) AT DROMANA CEMETERY , VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA WITH BIOGS OF DECEASED. There are too many to list here and I cannot undertake to mention in entries below that the family is discussed in the chronology.


N.B. References are made to my posts in a Facebook history group. These posts will be either copied into the journal or become separate family tree circles journals. Pioneers near Somerville are discussed fairly extensively in my journal SOMERVILLE AND ITS PIONEERS and may not be included in this journal.

About counties and parishes.
Although I will be providing Melway references for the pioneers' grants,some boundaries cannot be indicated because Melway has true north and parish maps have magnetic north. Thus original N-S Government roads run from 1 o'clock to 7 o'clock in Melway and both side and back boundaries of crown allotments are also diagonal, not following the grid (letters and numbers.) By the way, Melway (except in Key and touring maps) has a scale of 1mm to a chain and 8cm to a mile.

THE COUNTIES, BOURKE AND MORNINGTON.
How far north the county of Bourke extends has not been determined but my research into David Mairs showed that it included the parish of Blackwood between Ballan and Trentham. It included land on the other side of the Yarra as far south as the Mordialloc Creek where it adjoined the county of Mornington. When the Mornington Standard was established, many readers objected to it being named after just one town, but the publishers pointed out that the name derived from the county which included its entire circulation area, the whole peninsula and farther east.(See map in the COUNTY OF MORNINGTON, VICTORIA wikipedia entry.)

PIONEERS, PROPERTIES AND EVENTS.
ADAMS Henry Everest.
(Much detail is included here because it is available nowhere else except in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook, accessed in late 2010.)
Henry Everest Adams was born at Ramsgate, Kent, in 1816 and christened at Gravesend, Kent on 11-12-1818. Family folklore held that he was the son of Lord Vivian but the connection with this aristocrat, resulting in the use of Vivian as a given name and a slight variation, Vivyan, to name the vineyard, more likely involved the conveying of supplied to aid Lord Vivian's military campaigns.
Having become a ship's captain, on one of his visits to England Henry Everest Adams "married" Miss May of Kent, known to some relatives as Polly.(A descendant's account, no doubt recounting what she had been told.)
Captain Adams' year of arrival in Rosebud is very uncertain but beyond doubt his family can claim to be the oldest residents of Rosebud. It appears that for services rendered, he was given a lease by the N.S.W.government of crown allotment 20, Wannaeue,between Adams Creek (The Avenue) and the line of Parkmore Ave. backing onto today's freeway, which had been earmarked as a future village of Wannaeue, part of which was alienated much later in 1870. All of this land south of South Road was bought by the captain and his son, Robert Henry, perhaps as a sort of pre-emptive right. By 1864 the captain had bought crown allotment 19 of 191 acres between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue from his good friend Isaac White, who had probably selected the land in the early 1850's as a dummy for the captain. In that first alphabetical assessment of the Kangerong Road Board his name appeared first in Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean. (Message me if you want the exact acreage and location of his properties.)
With no banks in the area, Captain Adams helped residents who needed a loan.
In August 1878 gave a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings to William Edwards, farmer of Dromana, that was to be repaid with interest on 30-6-1880. On 3-5-1880 he gave Rosebud fisherman, Antonio Bosina, a loan of 20 pounds, security being the latter's fishing boat, Lily.
Robert Henry Adams married Mary Jane Hopcraft ( "gentlewoman" given as her occupation) in 1873, his age stated as 28 and hers as 19. Robert was born at Swan River (Perth) in about 1846 so this part of the marriage certificate seems reasonably accurate. It is certain that Robert fudged the details of his parents' marriage because they were actually married in St James Cathedral, Melbourne in 1855!
Soon, Robert's wife was refusing to live with the Captain any longer. The family folklore is that he insisted in giving his children a taste of the produce of his Vivyan Vineyard, which was on crown allotment 17, along with an extensive orchard. On 15-2-1875, Robert obtained a crown lease of the 19 acre part 6A of crown allotment 20 and on 1-12-1881 he was issued a licence to occupy 44 acres which had to be 32D Wannaeue (Melway 171 A3.)
But on 15-12-1877, Robert was applying to occupy the surveyed crown allotment 69 section A, Balnarring (Melway 190 E9-10) which just happened to be between the Balnarring grants of her father, William, and the Wannaeue grant of her brother, John. Here they were safely away from the Captain's terrible influence. A few years later, Captain Adams sold his 36 acres just downhill from today's Pindara Rd and moved to South Melbourne to live with his friends, the Mullens, allowing Robert and Mary to move into Hopetoun House.
The births of several children were registered at Tootgarook. This should not be taken as an indication that Robert had moved there. Dromana would have seemed the logical place to register the births, being closer, but perhaps Robert had some reason to do it at Rye. Perhaps he had burnt lime on his father's 56 acres at 157 C12 as a boy and used the task as an opportunity to catch up with old friends.
Henry Vivian Adams born 1874 (registered at Dromana), married Sarah Ann Heaton Morgan at Mornington in 1897. Their first child, Myrtle Vivian Annie was the mother of Harvey Marshall.
Mary Emma was born in 1876 (Dromana) and died the same year.
Eva Helen Mary , born 1877 Dromana, married Andrew Dunk in 1902.
Emma Flora, b. 1880 Dromana, married George Freeman in 1903 at Dromana.
Mary Jane was born 1882 at Dromana and married Thomas Hall.
Births all registered at Tootgarook.
Mary Helen b.1884 married Ernest Lester Harvey in 1907.
Robert William b.1886 married a Pain girl, then a Hall girl.
Sarah Mabel Adams b.1889, known as Mabel, married Keith McGregor.
Edith Rosa b.1891 married William Reeves in 1914.
The Adams family engaged in many occupations on their Rosebud land as well as farming and running a guest house named after the Governor, Lord Hopetoun who often stayed there. There was a blacksmith's forge and a brick kiln; Robert Henry Adams donating 10 000 bricks used in the construction of St Mark's Angican Church, Dromana. Robert Henry's occupation was given as one time as tanner and this could have been why Wattle Rd got its name, although wattle stripping probably started much earlier, in the 1850's.
From about 1905, relationships soured between Robert Henry Adams and Back Road Bob Cairns of Fernvilla on the opposite side of the road to Cape Schanck (the freeway.) I refer to the animosity as SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD because it was started by R.Cains diverting stormwater into R.H.Adams land , flooding it, and the latter's response flooding the "Hobson's Flat road". It culminated in an assault with shovel charge being laid against R.H.Adams by Back Road Bob and his son, Godfrey.

ADAMS James Smith.
James Smith Adams - Pioneer Graves in the Mornington ...
www.morningtoncemetery.com/...Câ¦/Adams.../Adams-family.shtml

ALBRESS
Antonio Albress was a pioneer of the Mornington Peninsula in ...
www.familytreecircles.com/antonio-albress-was-a-pioneer-of-â¦...
ALBRESS/ BENNETT/ MCINTYRE CONNECTIONS, THE NORTH QUEENSLAND ...
www.familytreecircles.com/mrs-antonio-albress-did-not-die-hâ¦...

ALLISON
My summary of William's biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.
VOLUME 2.
P. 390.
ALLISON, William. Born 1861 Mornington. Spent 2 years running a small vessel between Mornington and Melbourne, eight and a half years as a blacksmith, then drove the Mornington-Dromana coach until some time ago when he married and took to conducting the Arthurs Seat Hotel, the property of his wife.

Comment. After her husband's death, Catherine Wainwright applied to have the hotel licence transferred to her but as she was the executrix, there was no need to do so. The next year the same woman was running the hotel but now her name was Catherine Allison. There was also a Boag-Wainwright marriage and the two grandmothers of a young Wainwright lad who died circa 1910 were Mrs Allison and Mrs Boag.

ALMOND BUSH STUD.
Alfred Jones was one of the three Canadians who gave Canadian Bay near Mt Eliza its name. When the firewood business became less lucrative because of increased competition, he leased land at Baxter's Flat before buying land in the parish of Tyabb to establish his farm of this name.

THIS DAY
At Twelve O'Clock
SOMERVILLE
Six Miles from Frankston
THE ALMOND BUSH STUD
G.A.BYRNE has received instructions from Alfred Jones, Esq , to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION at his residence, as above, The whole of the Almond Bush Stud, Consisting of
50 useful well bred carriage and light harness horses about 30 unbroken, three and four years old, by L L
and Moonbeam, also 50 fat crossbred sheep and a pure bred bull.
Luncheon provided. Terms Cash.
G.A.Byrne, Main street, Mornington
N B -Train leaves Prince s bridge for Frankston 7 .30 a.m.(P.3, Argus, 24-1-1883.)

Almond Bush St., Somerville (Melway 107 J12) led to the farm, whose use is indicated by the items in the clearance sale. Alfred's grants were c/a 5 of 221a. 0r. 37p. bounded by the diagonal section of Lower Somerville Rd, Baxter-Tooradin Rd and Ingersoll Rd, and c/a 5A of 48 acres, being the parts of Melway 107J 7-8 on the south west side of Lower Somerville Rd.

Peggy Gage told me that her family later had Alfred's property.

ARKWELL
Red Hill's football ground and today's Lindenderry at Red Hill are located on part of John Arkwell's grants, 12AB, Kangerong, whose north west corner was where Arkwells Lane met White Hill Rd at the top of Melway 190J2.

When Heredford-born John Arkwell arrived in 1854, Hannah was only nineteen;
Hannah (nee Lewis) had pushed the future King's pram for the Queen.
Emily, Alice and Walter B. were born while John ran a plant nursery
On the site where Abbotford nuns later said their Rosary. (1)

John bought his Red Hill grants between Arkwells and Andrews Lane
In 1862, and while clearing for an orchard never did complain.
He was the pioneer in the growing of Red Hill's famed strawberries;
Flower-growing also becoming an Arkwell expertise.(2)

Ern, Herb, Clara and Percy were born at Red Hill (1)
And with their older siblings worked with a will.
Their 20 acre orchard was well-kept, probably the best,(2)
And the growing of blooms would allow little rest.

By 1900 John had finished his duty,
And left Red Hill of mountainous beauty.
And Hannah,his longtime mate,
Administered John's estate.

South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 28 February 1900 Edition: WEEKLY. p 2 Article
Letters of administration have been granted in the estates of John Arkwell, late of Red Hill, Dromana, gardener, to Hannah Arkwell. widow, of same place;
(1) The Red Hill by Sheila Skidmore. (2)Around Red Hill(P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-8-1902.)

ASSENDER, George.
Scurfield's hotel was Dromana's first hotel, being operated in 1858 by Richard Watkin who established the Dromana hotel in 1862. It burnt down in early 1898, then known as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. George Assender renamed the hotel circa 1874 when he obviously bought the hotel, between Permien and Foote Sts, from the assignee of the insolvent estate of William Dixon Scurfield. During the next decade, George was prominent in community affairs, such as the establishment of the Union Church. Information about George before and after this decade is provided below.

FROM MY "HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA" JOURNAL.
William Dixon Scurfield was in financial trouble again although his assets were greater than his liabilities.

NEW INSOLVENTS......Wm. Dixon Scurfield, Dromana, licensed victualler. Liabilities, £479; assets, £650.
(P.14, Advocate,Melbourne, 25-4-1874.)

It was George Assender who renamed the pub as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. I wonder where George had been before he took over the Scurfield Hotel. Find out under the hotel's new name, THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL..........

THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.
George Assender had taken over the Scurfield Hotel by September 1874 and ran it for over a decade but little mention was made of him in Dromana's current written history, except in connection with the Union Church.

George Assender was born on 17-10-1834 in Southwark,Surrey, England to James Joseph Assender (born at the same place in 1804) and Ruth (nee Everett) who died in 1841 aged 37.
(George Assender b. 17 Oct 1834 Southwark, Surrey ...
https://red1st.com/axholme/getperson.php?personID=I480088356...)

George Assender's death notices tally with a birth in 1834 and also supplies a link to the articles below. There is no mention of George's daughter Isabella whose piano was mentioned in George's insolvency meeting in 1885.

ASSENDER. On the 15th inst., at his daughter's residence, Blairmore, Gertrude-street, Windsor, George, the beloved husband of Grace Assender,late of Dromana, aged 60 years.
ASSENDER. On the 15th inst., at his daughter's residence, Mrs Jones, Windsor, the loving father of Janie Ford, Lucy Hall, and Annie Assender, of Albert-park, at the age of 60, after a short illness. (P.1, Argus,16-3-1895.)

MESSAGES TO THE DIGGINGS, &c.
MR. J. ASSENDER, of Hindmarsh.
Your Wife is very anxious concerning you, only having had two letters from you, the last being dated the 4th September. All well at home. (P.4,Adelaide Observer, 10-12-1854.)
N.B. J.Assender had left Adelaide for Melbourne aboard the Asia on 24-1-1852. (P.2, South Australian Register,26-1-1852.)

A Second Charge. The same prisoner was then charged with stealing a prayer-book, value one shilling,the property of Joseph Assender, now at Melbourne.
(Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 25 November 1854 p 7 Article)

WILLIAM SMITH, of Adelaide, lately engaged on the Argus newspaper, will oblige by writing to Mr. G. Assender, care of Lewis and Nickrison*(sic), Rushworth, as his mother and sister are anxious to hear of his whereabouts.
(P.8,Argus,10-6-1856.)
N.B. There was still an Assender presence in Rushworth in 1952,the birth being reported in a South Australian newspaper.

The correct spelling would seem to be Nickinson; James Nickinson and George Assender may have been cousins. NICKINSON. On the 19th November, 1892, at the residence of her son-in-law, Fernbank-villa, South Wimbledon, Surrey, England, Jane Assender, the dearly-beloved mother of James M. Nickinson, of Shepparton, Victoria, aged 80 years. A conscientious Christian woman, whose constant care was that her children should be brought up to fear the Lord. (P.1, Argus, 2-1-1893.)

On the 23rd September, at Whroo*, Victoria, by the Rev. Theodore Budd, George Assender, late of Adelaide, to Grace Menzies, of Perth, Scotland.(P.6,South Australian Register, 11-10-1858.)
(*Another notice,in The Argus, stated that George and Grace were both residents of Whroo,near Goulburn.)

Appointments to committees of Common Schools:......Kingstown : Frank Baker, Thomas Young, Emile Huide, Joseph
Emmott, James M. Nickenson, George Assender. (P.5, The Age, 27-5-1865.)

WANTED, a TEACHER, for Common School,Kingstown. Apply Geo. Assender, P.O., Kangaroo Ground.
(P.1, Argus, 18-2-1870.)

INQUESTS.
Mr. Candler held an inquest on the 11th inst. at Eltham, on the body of George Moore, aged 33 or 34 years, a horse dealer.
On Wednesday evening the deceased was at Kangaroo-ground, Nilumbik, Eltham, in company with a storekeeper named Assender,and, as both were going to Kingston, the latter, on meeting deceased advised him to drive his vehicle behind Assender's cart, and he would be all right. Assender started, but the night was so dark that he could not tell whether the other followed......(P.6, Argus, 14-8-1871.)

SCHOOL BOARDS OF ADVICE.
ELTHAM
The election for the north riding of the shire of Eltham comprising Kangaroo ground and St Andrews came off on Thursday, and resulted in the return of Messrs Contie, E H Cameron, Robert Smith, Jas.Johnston, and George Assender. (P.5, Argus,7-7-1873.)

George was off to Dromana soon after he was re-elected to the Board of Advice. Within a few years of arriving,he was well-regarded enough to be appointed to the building committee of the proposed Union Church in 1877 and as a trustee of the church in 1878. (P.114-115 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

However by 1885 George had become insolvent.His daughter Isabella is not mentioned in George's death notice. However Isabella had become Mrs Jones, and it was at her house that George died.
(Assender Isabella Grace Jones - Melbourne South
www.ancientfaces.com ⺠History ⺠Jones Family)

George's widow,Grace,also died at Isabella's home.

ASSENDER. On the 22nd October, at the residence of her daughter, Gertrude-street, Windsor, Grace, relict
of the late George Assender, aged 76.(P.1,The Prahran Telegraph,30-10-1909.)

ASSENDER.-The Friends of the late Mrs.GRACE ASSENDER are respectfully informed that her remains will be interred in the St. Kilda Cemetery.The funeral will leave her residence, "Blairmore," Gertrude street, Windsor, THIS DAY (Saturday, 23rd inst.), at 11 a.m.(P.13, Argus,23-10-1909.)
N.B. George was also buried at St Kilda Cemetery. Grace is not on the late Gary Batt's index.Perhaps there was no inscription for Grace.

An adjourned examination was held in the estate of George Assender, of Dromana hotelkeeper, Mr Braham appearing for the trustee.
George Assender, the insolvent, was further examined in detail respecting the circumstances under which a quantity of furniture, a piano, and some household goods were removed from his hotel to Mrs, Kittle in South Melbourne, a few days before sequestration.

Isabella Assender, daughter of the insolvent, also examined, stated that she bought the piano which had been removed, and paid for it with her own money which she had obtained for wages and in gifts from visitors to the hotel. She was not at the hotel when any of the goods were removed, and knew nothing about the removal. Mrs Kittle had not told her that the goods had been seized by the assignee. The examination then closed. (P.3,Argus,15-5-1885.)

By 1886, Horatio and Catherine Wainwright were running the Arthurs Seat Hotel and following Horatio's death, Catherine married William Allinson. (See ALLINSON entry.) Charles Brown was the licensee when the hotel burnt down. (You'd reckon that Snoopy would have alerted Charlie before the fire got out of hand!)


ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL (formerly Scurfield's.) See the ASSENDER and SCURFIELD entries.
The old-established Arthur's Seat Hotel, containing about 20 rooms, was demolished by fire on Sunday morning.
The licensee, Mr Charles Brown, was aroused from his slumbers by the screeching of a parrot caged in the
house. On proceeding to ascertain the cause he was met by volumes of dense smoke. He at once alarmed the inmates, but despite the strenuous efforts on the part of Mr Brown and several residents the building was burned to the ground. The Misses Brown showed commendable presence of mind in rescuing the horses from the stable. A piano, sewing-machine, several bedsteads and bedroom furniture were saved, also the conveyances ,and harness. The stabling and a detached building containing two rooms escaped the ravages of the fire. The building and furniture were purchased some four years ago by Miss Anketell of Melbourne, and were insured.
(DROMANA. Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 28 April 1898 p 3 Article)


BACHLI
Doug Bachli won the British Open Golf Championship in 1954, the first Australian to do so. Doug and his father ran the Rosebud Hotel for a decade. During his father's illness, Doug was managing the family's stud in Harrisons Rd, Dromana as well as the hotel. As a result, Doug hardly stepped onto a golf course but maintained his form by practising on Rosebud's footy ground on the foreshore, a short chip shot away from the pub. See my journal: HERITAGE WALK, ROSEBUD and HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA for extensive detail.

BALDRY
Google BALDRY, "WILDWOOD" and you'll get plenty of information. See the Baldry grants by googling FLINDERS, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON and WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.


BENNETT A.E.
Alfred Ernest Bennett was a pioneer in the parish of Balnarring on the east side of Red Hill Rd. He owned Kent Orchard but when he married, he moved to Seven Oaks, the next property north, renting Kent Orchard to John (Peter) Shand. Bennett was a true Good Samaritan, raising the plight of the Connell family of Red Hill.

FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. BALNARRING.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 10 December 1896 p 3 Article
... wants of the family of William Connell, on whose behalf Mr A. E. Bennett made his appeal.

Mr A. E. Bennett, who arrived at his residence, " Seven Oaks Farm," Red Hill, a few days ago with his bride, was tendered a musical evening by his numerous friends. The music was chiefly instrumental and many striking and original selections were rendered on a dozen bullock bells and an equal number of kerosene tins.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 22-11-1902.)

BENT Tommy (Gomm, Huntley)
Tommy Bent's biography is on the internet but it won't include the three wishes he granted to Henry Gomm. He grew up in the parish of Moorabbin as did Somerville's Henry Gomm. Tommy looked after his mates, three of his favours being the posting of the young station master, Graf, to Ascot Vale Station,the siting of Somerville station just over Jones Rd from Henry's "Glenhoya" and, as Premier, opening the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Show.
John Huntley Snr. was at Brighton and also established Hillside Orchard on 15A Kangerong. John's sister or daughter (take too much time to check)married Tommy, being his first wife. A full sized portrait of Tommy in full regalia hangs in the Safety Beach lounge room of the grandson of John Huntley Snr.

BLAIR Dr.J.
One of Melbourne's most prominent doctors, Dr.John Blair, bought "Villa Maria" built by a Catholic politician, in about 1873 and renamed it "Blairgowrie". Sorrento East was eventually renamed after the house. Dr. John was not one of those who considered aborigines to be intellectually inferior! (See BLAIR, Lani.)

BLAIR Lani.
Dr John Blair was convinced that aborigines were just as intelligent as white people and adopted two aboriginal boys from Queensland. The first one died during his passage south so John adopted a second one taken from his mother's breast after she had been shot, apparently during a reprisal. He was named after the doctor's long-serving Indian butler, and though Mrs Blair was not (according to one account) keen about the adoption, she became very affectionate to the boy.
Lani lived near Fitzroy and at "Blairgowrie" so there are accounts about him from two Fitzroy residents and in Jack Ritchie's history of Blairgowire (sic.)
BLAIR.âOn the 16th January, at 17 Crimea street, St. Kilda, Lani Mulgrave Blair, dearly loved adopted Queensland aboriginal boy of the late Dr. Blair, of Collins-street, and M. Blair. He heard the voice of Jesus say, "Come unto Me
and rest." A peaceful and happy death. (P.1, Argus, 1900.)
THE LETTERS FROM FITZROY-
MRS. BLAIR'S ABORIGINE. AN EXPERIMENT IN ETHNOLOGY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 5 April 1930 p 10 Article
Blairgowrie: Blairgowire History (Jack Ritchie)
rosevilleblairgowrie.blogspot.com/â¦/blairgowire-jack-ritchiâ¦
For another 30 years, Sorrento and Blairgowrie were left to the Bunerong tribe aborigines. ..... There is in existence a photograph of Mrs. Blair with Lani.
More letters with extra information about Lani's accomplishments, the cause of his death and a different version of Mrs Blair's attitude to the adoption.
The Potter's Wheel Craftsmanship of an Ancient Art
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 22 March 1930 p 10 Article Illustrated

BLAIR W.A.
William Allison Blair apparently came out with a brother, James, who was a hatter at Fitzroy, married with young children, who seems to have just disappeared in the 1860's, his wife's subsequent children carrying the surname Simpson-Blair according to the JAMES BLAIR journal on Family Tree Circles.

C.N.Hollinshed has mangled the name of the property that W.A. established at Essendon. Ngarveno was John Davies' property south of the Moonee Valley Racecourse site and McNae's. The following marriage notice gives the name of W.A.'s property on the north side of Buckley St, Essendon which later housed Essendon Technical School.

BLAIRâPECK.âOn the 12th inst., at St. John's Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Alexander Stewart,M.A., William Allison, elder son of W. A. Blair, of Netherlea, Essendon, to Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J. M. Peck, of Lebanon, Pascoevale. (P.1, Argus, 26-4-1888.)

You might wonder what this chatter about Essendon has to do with the Mornington Peninsula. Guess what W.A. Jnr. called the house built by Peck for the newlyweds!
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 6 February 1889 p 1 Family Notices
... . BLAIR. âOn the 28th ult., at Wannaeue, Pascoevale, the wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son*.
(*The son may have been W.A.3,who was killed in W.W.1.

Along the Port Phillip coast from Boundary (Canadian Bay) Road to Point Nepean were the parishes of Moorooduc, Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean, separated by Ellerina/Bruce Rd, roughly Latrobe Pde (N-S) and Government Rd/Weeroona St. From the 1860's, Blair, a lime merchant bought many grants near Rye in the parish of Nepean and all the land in the parish of Wannaeue north of Hiscock Rd between Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd that later became the Woyna Estate. Thus he eliminated competition from limeburners whose kilns were on many of those crown allotments. He had several limecraft which conveyed the lime to Little Dock near Spencer St.

Near the site of Sorrentothere was fierce competition between Charles Gavan Duffy and Blair to select land, especially in 1869 when each accused the other of using dummies. There was no conclusive proof of which had the more valid claim on a particular selection so Sidney Smith Crispo suggested (as he claimed) that a village be created on that land. It was and the village and suburban blocks at Sorrento sold like hot cakes, those who missed out turning to Manners-Sutton/ Canterbury for a block.
(SP.ECIAL LAND COMMISSION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1869 p 6 Article

MR COPPIN AND SORRENTO. TO THE EDITOR.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 1 June 1899 p 3 Article)

The opening of quarries at Lilydale by such as the future Dame Nellie Melba's father, lessened demand for lime from the peninsula (and possibly near Geelong where Blair was also involved, as recently discovered.) Rye was only saved by the demand for ti tree firewood to heat the ovens of Melbourne. Blair had also bought good farming land at the eastern end of Wannaeue but like most speculators, he became insolvent in the 1890's depression and his Rosebud West land was snapped up by Hiscock's Tootgarook Land Co. Blair moved from Netherlea to Solomon's old farm on the site of the Medway Golf Course. His son had moved to Mernda and as stated earlier.W.A.3 was killed in W.W.1.

BLAKEY
Charles Blakey was a poundkeeper at Somerton who invested in land at Rosebud and Broadford. Crown allotment 18 Wannaeue, consisting of a tad over 152 acres, was bounded by the line of Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd, Jetty Rd and the beach road. He had subdivided it by 1871 but the only portion he managed to sell was lot 86* on the FJ'S corner.This consisted of 2 acres and the rest of c/a 18 was assessed as 150 acres. (*So described on a sketch of title on the memorial of a loan of 128 pounds from Captain Henry Everest Adams to William Edwards, farmer of Dromana.)

Charles died in about 1874 and his executors sold c/a 18 to Robert White. When Robert's son, Blooming Bob White, sold c/a 18 to the Lake brothers, they unsuccessfully tried to evict Jack Jones from his store. The case revealed many of the details above.
LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

BLAKELY
BLAIRGOWRIE (Villa Maria)
BOAG
BOSINA A.
BOURNE (MOOROODUC)
BOYD (FLINDERS)
BOYD (ROSEBUD) Artist.
BRADDY H. Teacher, Rosebud State School.
Mr.H . Braddy, head teacher of the Yundool State school for the past thirteen years, has been transferred to Rosebud,, near Dromana. Prior to his departure he was presented with a Gladstone bag by the school children.
(P.7, The Age, 20-1-1902. TUNGAMAH.)
BRADY
See BRADY OF MOUNT EVERGREEN post.
BRIGHT Chas.
Charles married the daughter of Sir John Manners Sutton (who, while he was Governor, became Viscount Canterbury causing a name change for Sidney Smith Crispo's private village on the west side of Canterbury Jetty Rd.) For some time, Charles lived in Beleura at Mornington, later leasing the property (referred to only as the Bright estate) to others. See Val Wilson's Pioneer Graves in the Mornington Cemetery website.
BRIGHT (Main Ridge)
BRIGHT (Tootgarook.)
BRINDLE
BROCKHOFF
BROWN C. (1898)
BROWN James L.
BUCHER
BUCKLEY

BUS BAN, the.
While the area west from Rosebud could be reached on horseback,passing Anthony's Nose via the old Cape Schanck or along the beach at low tide, either route a difficult option for bullock drays, most transporting of goods and passengers from Melbourne was done by small craft although Charles Graves (till 1860) and later Benji Shaw hawked goods such as drapery and the willow-patterned plates that so etched their way into Norm Hall's memory,to isolated homesteads. Lime craft, which later carried 2 foot 6 inch lengths of firewood to fire the ovens of Melbourne's bakers, provided a regular service between places such as Rye but sailing conditions caused delays, the school there waiting weeks for fencing materials as detailed in Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667.

The Kangerong Road Board from 1864 and the Flinders Road Board from 1869 built bridges and made the tracks a bit more like roads, but the provision of piers at Dromana and Sorrento which could accommodate steamers,and the extension of the railway to Mornington circa 1889 made travel from the city easier. From about 1913 the Country Road Board, whose chairman William Calder owned "Four Winds" at Red Hill greatly improved the roads, which had provided a very jolty ride to the Mornington railhead with such as Jimmy Williams and Carrier Harry Cairns.

In about 1920, Keith McGregor introduced motorised transport to Frankston Station where trains left more regularly than at Mornington. Many others did the same but due to poor connections at Frankston, they extended their runs directly to Melbourne. As they were depriving the railways of revenue, the commissioners requested the government to prevent the carriers from going any farther than Frankston Station.

What happened? Read my journal: SPENCER HUGH JACKSON AND THE BUS BAN (MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.)


CAIN
CAIRNS
CAMPBELL (Pier, hotel 1873)
CANTERBURY
CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
CLEINE
CONNELL
COTTIER
COYLE Dan. and Granny
CRAIG AVON LANE
CRICHTON
CREEK NAMES
CRISPO S.S.

"CUMBRAE", Tyabb.
See the McKIRDY entry.
Alexander Stewart McKirdy
Born in Buteshire, Scotland on 1824 to James Mckirdy and Barbara McKirdy. Alexander Stewart married Emily Norkett and had 9 children. He passed away on 26 Feb 1896 in Tyabb, Victoria, Australia.

No clue about the origin of the farm name there so this extract from the Wikipedia page for County of Bute might help. "Buteshire was also a local government county of Scotland with its own elected county council from 1890 to 1975. The council area comprised a number of islands in the Firth of Clyde, between the local government counties of Argyll and Ayrshire, the principal islands being Bute, Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae. The county town was Rothesay, located on the Isle of Bute."


Tuesday, January 30.
At Three O'Clock In Rooms, Queen's Walk, 72 Swanston street, Melbourne
Under instructions from THE UNION TRUSTEE CO. of AUSTRALIA LTD.,333 Collins street, Melbourne, to Wind up the estate of A. S. McKIRDY, deceased.
Realising Auction of the Well-known Property, "Cumbrae," Being Crown Allotment 58. Parish of Tyabb, County of Mornington, containing 223 ACRES, Situate 3 Miles from the Railway Station and Cool Store at TYABB, In the pick of the famous orchard district of the Mornington Peninsula, and fronting WESTERNPORT BAY,"Cumbrae" is at present used as a mixed farm. About 15 acres are in orchard mostly full bearing, comprising Jonathan apples, pears, plumbs and apricots &c.

About 50 acres are rich flats, mostly cultivated, and the balance is good fruit land, partly cleared. The whole is fenced and subdivided into 6 paddocks, watered by tanks and dams. The buildings comprise a 6-roomed W.B. house stables &c, The property is well adapted for subdivision into orchard, garden farm, and residential blocks. Having two* road frontages.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-1-1917.)
(* The now closed 3788 links or 758 metres of Denham Rd to the coast, and a frontage northward of 3676 links or 738 metres on McKirdys Rd. The eastern half of Cumbrae had an additional depth of 200 metres indicated by the southern three quarters of Melway 149 G-H11.) Crown allotment 56A, also granted to J.McKirdy,and extending another 198 metres farther north on the west side of Whitneys Rd was not part of the advertised land.

Alexander must have selected the land some time after 1875 when his last child was born at Dunolly.


DAVEY, Henry Pearce.
Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill, was regarded as the life and soul of the area. ARTICLE!!!!!!!!!!!!! Here's how his name came about. (P.S. I'm not related to any of the people that I write about unless I say so!)
Hi
You may well already have this information by now...

"The Mercury
Tuesday 8 October 1872
DAVEY-PEARCE
On the 18th September, at St John's Church, New Town,[Hobart, Tasmania] by the Rev. F. H. Hudspeth, Thos. J. Davey, of Melbourne, to Mary Ann, second daughter of Mr. Alderman Pearce."
Alderman Pearce's name was Henry. Mary Ann was called Polly.
Hence your ancestor named Henry Pearce Davey!
Cheers
Sarah

See Forest Lodge article for location.

DAVIES John
DOWNWARD
DROMANA
DUFFY
DUSANTO
eastbourne
EATON, B and W.
ECCLESFIELD

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EVENTS.
See BUS BAN, The;

DEVASTATION AT DROMANA.
BUSH FIRES (Continued)
DAMAGE AT DROMANA
Sweeping down upon the township of Dromana before a 40 mile-an-hour wind, a fierce fire destroyed 43 houses and sent hundreds of residents and holiday-makers fleeing to the safety of the beach. Many persons had miraculous
escapes from death, including a crippled woman, aged 80 years, whose hair was singed before rescuers could carry her to safety.

The fire began about midday at the Heronswood property at Dromana West formerly owned by the late Mr. Justice Higgins, in Burrell's road, at the foot of Arthur's Seat. The property is now occupied by Mr. W. A.Farey, of Camberwell. The fire was noticed in one corner of the 35 acres of land near the home, and, driven by the gale, swept along the foot of the mountain. When the wind changed to the south, it drove the fire without
warning toward the town. There was hopeless confusion on the beach, where hundreds of motorists drove their cars for safety. Many of the care were trapped in the sand, and some caught fire, but a plentiful supply of sea water enabled their owners to save them. Five residents lost their homes and about 20 families who were on holiday in the district were left with nothing but the bathing costumes and wraps they were wearing on the beach when the fire occurred shortly after midday. They returned to their homes in various suburbs clad in bathing suits.
Practically all the camps along the foreshore were destroyed when the fire leaped Point Nepean road. The occupants had to take shelter in the sea. The fire burnt right to the water's edge, and property which had
been stacked on the sand for safety was burnt.

List of Houses
In Clarendon street the fire destroyed the large buildings used as a nurses' rest home and 12 other homes. In Grant street eight homes and two camps were burnt. Properties in Latrobe parade, Park grove, and McArthur, Stawell, Layard and Beard streets were destroyed.

The following is a list of properties destroyed:
CLARENDON STREET.-Nurses' rest home and homes of Messrs. Mewton, McLeish, Jennings, G. Vaughan, Hart, Henry, Thornton, Ingram, Mrs. Hinds, and Sister Rogerson, and stables and outbuildings of Mr. Hazledine. J.Matthews's house was partly burned.
GRANT STREET- Houses of Messrs.A.V.Vaughan, Allan Jones, J.J.Clift, W.Mills, M. Owen, J. Oliquist, and Mairs, and the "Women-haters" and Ascotvale camps.
LATROBE PARADE. - Houses of Messrs. W. Mairs, Salter, Walker, Jose,Turner, Mairs, W. Moorehead, S. Greig, J.Craig, and Ehrke.
PARK GROVE.-Houses of Mrs. Weir and Mr. S. R. Bellingham.
McARTHUR STREET. - Houses of Messrs. J.Vial and H.Mathieson.
BEARD STREET. House of Mr.Gamble.
STAWELL STREET.-Mr. Samble.(P.7, The Australasian, 14-1-1939.)

N.B.There is no longer a Beard St. As the streets mentioned were in the Dromana Township, their names would have been chosen by the surveyor and thus unlikely to be changed, so the name given might be a mistake. Burrell's road was not a mistake. It was the western boundary of Dromana Township, supposedly heading straight up the cliff from the beach road to link with the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.
The Ascotvale camp was that of the St Paul's Anglican Church, Ascot Vale mentioned in my HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA journal. The locations of the Hazledine, Matthews and Mathieson houses pre 1918 are shown on Melbourne Brindle's map.

ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP AT SHOREHAM.
An article about the excited preparations, massed baptisms and so on, related to the Archbishop's visit is indelibly etched into my memory although I read about it in BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES several years ago. That's why I include it as one of the Peninsula's major historical events. There is nothing on trove that replicates the article so I must conclude that the visit described was in connection with the dedication of St. Peter's, Shoreham in 1901 or the opening of the church school in 1917. CHECK B.B.AND M.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FAIRLEM George, Dromana.
Not a resident but involved in two incidents that put Dromana in the news. An illegal boxing match was to be staged in 1867, reportedly on Mud Island but for some reason, which I read but don't recall, the spectators were to be landed near Rosebud and many drowned. Fairlem stayed at Scurfield's hotel in Dromana and became the object of Father Niall's attentions. Niall's efforts to restore his reputation took the matter into 1873.
George was Chief Officer of the Hurricane when it sank in Capel Sound (offshore from Tootgarook to the Rosebud Fishing Village on 22-4-1891, and was involved in the case of John and Elizabeth Jones (of c/a 6 of that village which had not yet been alienated, with the result that they were described as living "in Dromana".
(See my post BANKSIA POINT, BLAH! on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA page.)
FARNSWORTH
FERN VALLEY (Head, Musk Creek)
FERN VILLA (Back Road Bob, not Tornvilla.)
FERRIER
See my LEW FERRIER AND PAT HUTCHINS, PISCATORIAL PIONEERS NEAR THE HEADS post.

FIRES.


FORD J.S.
FOREST LODGE
FOUNTAIN Geo.
FRISCH
GESSEL Thomas, fisherman, Dromana.
Thomas Gessel, a fisherman at Dromana, was drowned on the 13th July, whilst attempting to swim ashore from a boat accidentally upset off the Rosebud. ' It appeared from the evidence at the inquest that the deceased and another fisherman named M'Kay started from the Rosebud on the 13th July, for
the purpose of fishing, although there was at the time a strong wind and a heavy sea running. They succeeded in getting over the bar, but almost immediately afterwardsthe sail parted in two. They then determined to return, and with that intention hoisted the jib, but just as they reached the edge of the bank, two heavy seas struck the boat and she capsized. M'Kay clung to the boat, but Gessel succeeded in divesting himself of his boots and other portions of his
clothing, and at once started to swim ashore, which he nearly succeeded in accomplishing,as, when last seen by M'Kay, he was no great distance from the beach. M'Kay, who continued clinging to the boat, was rescued from his perilous position by a fisherman named Irvine*, who had seen the accident,
and immediately pulled out to their assistance ; he, however, saw nothing of. Gessel, nor was he aware of his having left the boat until reaching her. M'Kay was in a very exhausted state, and became insensible when brought ashore. The deceased was twenty six years of age, and had only been four or five months in the colony.(Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875) Saturday 12 August 1871 p 150 Article)
GIBSON John
GIBSON Jos.
GIBSON Walt.
"GLENFERRIE"
"GLENHOLM"
"GLENHOYA"
GOVERNMENT RD.
GRACE Wm.
"GRACEFIELD" (Dromana)
GRACEFIELD HOTEL.
GRAVES
GRIFFITH
GOMM Henry (Rosebud)
GOMM Henry (Somerville)
GOTLIEBSON (Check spelling. bath, Frisch?)
HADDOW
HANSON
HEAD Alf
HILLIS
HISTORIANS
HOBLEY
HOBSON
HOLMES (1900's plus)
HOLMES & WADDESON
HUNTLEY
HURRICANE, The.
A ship wrecked in Capel Sound (deep water west of the Rosebud Fishing Village accessed from the Rye Channel) on 22-4-1891;. Jack and Elizabeth Jones who were granted lot 6 of the said fishing village in 1872, and were confusingly described as living in DROMANA, were accused of misappropriating items from the doomed vessel. (See George Fairlem entry.)
HUTCHINS.
See my LEW FERRIER AND PAT HUTCHINS, PISCATORIAL PIONEERS NEAR THE HEADS post.
JAMES
JAMIESON (Cape Schanck, Survey)
JAMIESON W. (Rosebud)
JARMAN (Devonia)
JOHNNY, D. 1851 AGED 19.
Dr. John Blair was not the first to show affection for an aborigine. George McCrae was Johnny's mate when they were lads and they used to go hunting together. Edward Hobson and his (sort of) stepfather, George Smith were great friends and probably became acquainted with Johnny much earlier when assistant protector William Thomas arrived in the area; Thomas was much impressed by the attitude of both men to the Boon wurrung who alternated between a few camping spots, one on the Dromana drive in site and another near Hobson's Kangerong homestead. Both men were keen students of the language and customs of their dusky friends.
Hobson moved to Capel Sound before Jamieson's special survey swallowed 5120 acres of his Kangerong run but by about 1843 had moved again to the Tarwin River and then the RIVER OF LITTLE FISH (Traralgon); George Smith took over Hobson's second run, renaming it as Tootgarook and its homestead as Wooloowoolooboolook (George McCrae's spelling) and soon after, his so-called wife nursed Sarah Ann Cain back to health after the lost infant was found near-dead. Smith stayed at Tootgarook until about 1850 but must have maintained contact with Johnny, because he took him to California in America.
Johnny was dressed as a whitey and if I remember correctly demonstrated his capacity to handle sailing craft, but, when he returned, resumed his former lifestyle for which he was no longer adapted, and succumbed to pulmonary tuberculosis on 1-10-1851, just before the McCraes transferred the Arthurs Seat run to the Burrells. George McCrae dug a grave for Johnny on the foreshore near the Eastern Light (in today's McCrae), the burial described in detail by Marie Hansen Fels.
(P. 20, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA (no entry in Index); THE BURIAL OF JOHNNY-
https://www.google.com.au/url⦠)
JOHNSTONE Geo.
JOHNSTONE (20C Wannaeue)

JONES A., Somerville.
See ALMOND BUSH STUD.
Alf''s biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS of 1888* and John G.Mann's 1926 history of Mt Eliza make it obvious that he was one of the three Canadians who gave Canadian Bay its name. He established the Almond Bush Stud at Somerville and may have named the district as Valda Cole said the name, Somerville, had Canadian origins. Alf had two horses that raced as far afield as W.S.Cox's racecourse at Kensington pre 1882, their names-Lord Somerville and Lady Somerville- providing some evidence that Alf may have coined the name for the settlement straddling the parishes of Frankston, Moorooduc and Tyabb.

*SUMMARISED FROM MY NOTES, NOT VERBATIM. Born in London,Alf went to Canada with his parents at the age of 12 in 1832. Arriving in Victoria in March 1853 he went to Bendigo with a party of 5 and found 15 ounces of gold in 5 weeks. He had no luck at McIvor's Diggings (Heathcote)and moving to FRANKSTON (Parish of!), supplied the town of Melbourne and the troop(er)s with firewood at three pounds ten shillings per load. After two years, competition had lowered profits so he rented Baxter's Flat for 5 years and in 1860 purchased 500 acres at Somerville, then called Tyabb (Parish of!).



JONES E.,Moorooduc.
Moorooduc was a parish but also became the name of a locality centred on Jones Corner at Melway 146 K6. Edward was from Wales, as was his son-in-law, Robert Morris. Edward's "Spring Farm", about a mile east of Jones Corner where he lived, sounds Aussie enough but three other farms reveal his origins, Criccieth to the south, Pembroke at Bittern North, occupied by Robert Morris who was a manager at Coolart, and Penbank west of Jones Corner.
A skilled carpenter who carved figureheads for ships in Wales, Edward worked in Adelaide at his trade for a while and made enough money to buy land on the south side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd from Jones Corner to Three Chain (Moorooduc) Rd which he named Penbank. David Shepherd, a descendant of Edward's daughter, moved the Shepherd's nursery from Somerville to the Moorooduc Rd frontage (not former Two Bays land as wrongly claimed in a heritage study) and suggested the name for the Penbank School when it purchased part of the property. Penbank was called the Derril Rd property in a heritage citation for Spring Farm which confused the two properties. The consultants should have spoken to David; I managed to track him down! The Shire and author of the Citation now have the correct information.

JONES, John and Elizabeth, Rosebud.
Jack Jones was said to be the first storekeeper at Rosebud, in an upturned boat, on his foreshore block, later apparently followed by a store there which burnt down. He was then said to have erected a store on the east corner of Jetty Rd (FJ's site) in about 1900 but he built that one in about 1884, making him the first storekeeper on the inland side of the beach road.. Daniel Coyle and Granny Coyle of saintly character beat him to the honour as rate research indicates, probably conducting their store on crown allotment 10 of the Rosebud Fishing Village. See my journal EARLY SHOPKEEPERS AT ROSEBUD.

Jack was almost certainly on his foreshore block in 1869 when the Hurricane sank in Capel Sound near Rosebud. See: PLUNDERING THE HURRICANE.
Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918) Saturday 26 June 1869 p 13 Article

Before buying his foreshore block from the Crown on 16-8-1872, Jack had bought lot 86 of crown allotment 18 Wannaeue, which comprised the FJ's corner extending south to about the Morgan St. corner, from Charles Blakely in 1871. An attempt was made by the Lake brothers to kick him off this block in 1889.

LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

In about 1904, Jack made a verbal agreement to sell his foreshore block (crown allotment 6 of the Rosebud Fishing Village) to George Fountain and the transfer of ownership seems to have taken place some time after September 1909. George bought and dismantled two North Melbourne houses which were carried down on the Eivion and reassembled. As the pine trees Jack had planted along the frontage were fully grown, there is no prize for guessing why George called his property "The Pines".

JUNCTION ROAD.

KENNEDY
KENT ORCHARD
KENTUCKY
KEYS (railway promoter, road)
LAKONIS (Rosebud)
LITTLE SCOTLAND
LOXTON
MCILROY
McKAY James, fisherman, Rosebud, 1874.
The police report that James M'Kay,known as Dingy Jemmy, and following the avocation of a fisherman, left the village of Rosebud, near Dromana, on or about the 7th January last in a boat, to go to Sorrento,and has not since been heard of. The boat was painted on the sides a coffee color, and the bottom was black. Nothing has been seen of him by the police at Point Nepean, He was seen leaving Rye in a boat in company with two men about the 7th January, and as this is the only trace found of him after he left Rosebud, it is thought he has
met with an accident. (P.2, The Age, 20-2-1874.)
See the Thomas Gessel entry.
MCKEOWN

McKIRDY, James.
In John G.Mann's 1926 history of Mt Eliza, he stated that the three Canadians, whose delivery of firewood to the "Liverpool" gave Canadian Bay its name, all settled in the area. One of the three I could not identify was McCurley. He might actually have been James McKirdy who was granted crown allotments 58 (224 acres) and 56A (40 acres), parish of Tyabb, roughly indicated by Melway 149 F-G12 with the south west and north east corners indicated by the south ends of McKirdys and Whitneys* Rds. (*i.e. fire track.)
He would have been between two of the Canadians, Alf Jones (Somerville) and Hodgins (Hastings). James seems to have been born in Dunolly in 1863, so he wouldn't have been the partner of Jones and Hodgins in the firewood business but his father, Alexander Stewart McKirdy, may have been.

See further detail in the "CUMBRAE", Tyabb entry.

MCLEAR
MCRAE
MANNERS SUTTON (CANTERBURY, BLAIRGOWRIE.)
MAIRS (Bittern)
Google "David Mairs of the parishes of Blackwood and Bittern."
MAIR (Tyabb)
MAORIS
MELROSE (Dromana)
MORNINGTON (Val's cemetery website, original name of Craigie Rd,sn and schn.)
MORNINGTON STANDARD (Criticism of name. Subsequent names.Peninsula Post a competitor- recent youth club building.)
NEWSTEAD
NIALL Fr.
NORQUAY (Lyndhurst and Rye.)
OSWIN
PARISHES AND COUNTIES
PATRON PARK STUD
PATTERSON
PENTECOST (Mornington.)
PIAWOLA
PIDOTO
PURVES
QUARANTINE STATION
QUINAN
RAILWAY ESTATE, DROMANA
RAILWAYS
REDWOOD (Downward, Pitt)
This was the name of Alfred Downward's property on the south west side of Wilsons Rd, extending halfway to Strachans Rd. A.B.Balcombe was granted land between it and Stachans Rd, which was called RED GUM FLATS in an old advertisement.Both properties derived their names from the river red gums which grew along the now underground creek. My THE FEMALE DROVER contains much information supplied by Joan Downward including a newspaper article about the trees, which are hopefully still heritage listed. Downward and Pitt Sts are named after two of Alf daughters who were the last occupants of Redwood, one a spinster and the other Mrs Pitt.
RINGROSE (Red Hill.)
Google "Noseless Bryan Ringrose".
ROBERTS
ROGERS
ROSEBUD
ROSEBUD AT QUEENSCLIFF (2)
ROSEBUD The
ROSSLYN (Merricks North)
ROWLEY
RYE
RYE HOTEL (X2)
SANITARY STATION (See Quarantine Station)

SCURFIELD.
THE SCURFIELD HOTEL.
Richard Watkin may have built the Scurfield hotel and was operating it in 1858 and 1859 as well as supplying timber from Arthurs Seat to Melbourne builders. Richard claimed in 1880 that he established the Dromana Hotel in 1862 but the building was not completed in August 1863 when architect George R.Cox called for tenders for slating the roof. Where then was William Dixon Scurfield in 1859 and what was he doing to earn a crust? The same as described in the insolvency meeting of 1864.

OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. - George Jamieson, a sawyer, was placed in the dock on the above charge. William Dixon Scurfield, a tentmaker, said the prisoner came to his house on the previous day, about 4 o'clock, and said he wanted to purchase a new cart-cover. He said he lived at Mr. Bryant's, and that his waggon was there. He made an appointment with witness to go over to Mr. Bryant's in about an hour, to take the measure of the cart. He then asked witness to lend him a couple of pounds to pay a deposit on a horse he had purchased. Witness accordingly wrote him out a cheque for £3. In about an hour witness went over to Mr. Bryant's stable, and then found that the prisoner had no cart there at all. Witness subsequently meeting the prisoner, requested him to return the cheque, and took him to Mr. Bryant's, where, as soon as his back was turned, prisoner made off. Witness did not see him again until that morning, in custody. David Marks, a storekeeper in Elizabeth street, said the prisoner came to his shop on the previous day, between 3 and 4 o'clock, and purchased a silver watch and chain for £2 15s. He left the shop for a few minutes, and when he returned gave him the cheque now produced (for £3), and witness gave him back 5s, change. The prisoner was committed for trial.
(P.6,Argus, 5-11-1859.)

IN the INSOLVENT ESTATE of WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
To Hotelkeepers and Others.
For SALE, by tender, subject to a mortgage of £300, the premises known as SCURFIELD'S HOTEL, Dromana, 47 miles from Melbourne. This property is most pleasantly situated, commanding a line view of the harbour, and consists of about two and a half acres of land, a portion of which is laid out as a garden, and buildings erected
thereon, consisting of an hotel, substantially built of pine, containing the following rooms : bar, 20 ft.
by 13 ft.; two parlors, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; four bedrooms, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; two do., each 10 ft.by 10 ft. ; kitchen, fowl-house, stables, &c, ; also an attached three-roomed cottage, suitable for private families.
The whole of the furniture and stock is in good condition and is to be taken at a valuation.

Tenders, addressed to James Moore, Esq., official assignee, Eldon-chambers, endorsed 'Tender for the Purchase of Scurfield Hotel,' will be received until twelve o'clock on Monday, the 30th inst. Further particulars, including a plan of the ground and buildings, together with an inventory of all stock and furniture, may be obtained at the office of the undersigned. J. AARONS, Trade Assignee, 6, Collins street,east.
N.B Intending purchasers are respectfully informed that the mortgagee will allow £200 of the present mortgage to remain at current rates. 38 302 (P.7,The Age, 28-11-1863.)

WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
INSOLVENTS. THIRD MEETING.
In re W. D. Scurfield. The insolvent, a tent maker, of Melbourne, did not appear, and, in the absences of any creditors, the meeting closed. The assignee, Mr Moore, filed his report, from which it appeared that the stock-in-trade of the insolvent had been sold by public auction, the net proceeds being £590 13s 10d. The Scurfield Hotel and freehold property at Dromana had been sold by tender for £347 4s 6d. The stock, furniture, &c., of the Scurfield Hotel realised £130, and was sold on the understanding that, should the insolvent be voted any part of his furniture, the value should be paid to him. £46 18s 4d had been collected on account of book debts, and £11 8s 9d had been received in cash from the insolvent. The mortgage on the Dromana property was paid off before the sale. Five small allotments of land at Broadmeadows* and Footscray remain unsold, no offer having been made for them. A dividend of about 6s in the £1 would probably be paid to concurrent creditors. P.7, The Age,11-2-1864.)

(* William's grants in Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) can be found by googling BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP, COUNTY OF BOURKE.)

The hotel was sold by the assignee but to whom? As the purchaser might never have been reported,I thought that the rate collectors might surprise me, but they didn't.

The first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864 rated William Dixon Scurfield on "house 9 rooms hotel,N.A.V. 60 pounds. The owner column was blank. On 2-9-1865, W.D.S.was assessed on three properties with assessment numbers recorded:66. 2 town lots; 67.9 room hotel,L.60.; 68. 43 acres of building land as agent for Ligar Elliot. This was crown allotment 1,section 1, Kangerong, bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Avenue.It had a frontage to The Esplanade that could be long jumped. It had been granted to William Dixon Scurfield according to the parish map but he may have bought it on Ligar's behalf. Somewhere in my special purpose rate transcriptions,Catherine Scurfield was recorded as leasing this land from Ligar Elliot, teamster.

The assessment remained the same until that of 4-9-1869 when under assessment 74, Mrs Dixon (sic)Scurfield was listed as the person to be rated on,and also as the OWNER of: "hotel, outbuildings and 5 town lots." The auditor had obviously criticised the absence of the owner's name for practically every property and few properties lacked this detail in 1869. By the assessment of 3-9-1870,owners' names no longer seemed important and William Dixon Scurfield was again rated on the property described in 1869 as well as the 43 acres that had apparently been completely missed in '69. The same assessment was recorded on 2-9-1871 but this time the rate collector had forgotten to list assessment numbers.

On 7-9-1872, Willie Scurfield, who had been back home in the pub from about 1867 (during which time Father Nyall had tried to interfere with Willie)was assessed on "town lot",while W.D.S. had the same assessment again.On 6-9-1873, W.D.S.was assessed on the pub and 5 town lots (A.No. 89)and the 43 acres (A.N.90)while Willie was rated again on town lot. In A.N.89 there was faint scribble above William Dixon Scurfield's surname and although it didn't look much like it should have,I knew exactly where to look when W.D.S. was not rated on the hotel and 5 town lots in the first Shire of Flinders and Kangerong assessment; he was only rated on the 43 acres and Willie's town lot was described as Young's land.

The scribble seemed to start with I and end with don,but sure enough, there was the 5-9-1874 assessment for Scurfield's hotel: Ass.No.4.Assender, George, hotel and 5 town lots, N.A.V. 60 Pounds.

William Dixon Scurfield was in financial trouble again although his assets were greater than his liabilities.

NEW INSOLVENTS......Wm. Dixon Scurfield, Dromana, licensed victualler. Liabilities, ã479; assets, ã650.
(P.14, Advocate,Melbourne, 25-4-1874.)

It was George Assender who renamed the pub as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. I wonder where George had been before he took over the Scurfield Hotel. Find out under the hotel's new name, THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.


"SEVEN OAKS"
SHAND
SHEEHAN
SKELTON
SORRENTO
STREET NAMES (FROM PIONEERING FAMILIES) Separate post.
STRINGER.
OBITUARY MR. W. H. S. STRINGER
A gloom fell over Sorrento yesterday, and, to a lesser extent, affected every centre in the Peninsula, when the death of Mr. Walter Henry Spunner Stringer occurred. Although he had been in ill-health since Christmas, his death was quite unexpected.Yesterday he was to have left his bed, but had an unexpected heart seizure and died suddenly. He was aged 51 years. Burial took place in the Sorrento cemetery this afternoon.He leaves a wife and three daughters.
He was one of the best known and highly respected residents of the Mornington Peninsula, being one of the most active workers for the promotion of football and other manly sports. He spent his whole life on the Peninsula.
When a young man he became an employee of McFarlan's Stores at Sorrento. Eventually he was taken into partnership, and the firm became McFarlan and Stringer. About 10 years ago he became sole proprietor of the business, which
was carried on at Sorrento and Portsea as Stringer's Stores. He was a past president of the Mornington Peninsula Football League, of which he was a life member; a life vice-president of the Sorrento Tennis Club; president of Sorrento Football Club; secretary of Sorrento Ocean Park Trust; and a Past Master of
Sorrento Lodge of A.F. and A. Masons. The Masonic burial service was read at the grave. (P.4, FSS, 11-1-1935.)
TAYLOR Rev. (Bean, Shand?)
TAYLOR Wm (Pidoto)
THE PINES (ROSEBUD)
THE SURVEY
THE WILLOW (SURVEY)
THORNELL
TICONDEROGA
TOOTGAROOK
TOOTGAROOK HOTEL (X2)

TRANSPORT.
(Also see BUS BAN,the.)
TUBBARUBBA
TYRONE
THOMAS Assistant Protector.
VILLA MARIA
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VINE.
Fred Vine was a fisherman granted crown allotment 29 of the Rosebud Fishing Village. the fourth most western block,on 30-8-1873. In ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD, Peter Wilson stated that Fred was born in Milos, Greece in 1834, arrived in Australia in 1860 and was naturalised in 1901. He built a stone (almost certainly limestone) cottage on c/a 29 which is now 933 Pt.Nepean Rd, Rosebud. He had a white-haired Irish wife who smoked a pipe and loved sunsets. Fred's stepdaughter was Polly Vine. In the early 20th century, Fred moved to live in Dromana
In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear wrote that Fred Vine (or Fred the Greek, as he was known), John McLear, Doan Griffith and Harry Copp were early fishermen at Dromana. There is a photo of Fred on page 103. Fred's step-daughter, Mary. B.Stone (also known as Polly Vine) was one of the first pupils to occupy Dromana's new granite school in 1873.
Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana pre 1918 indicates that Fred had a hut on the foreshore, roughly opposite Seacombe St. Mary or Polly was still living in Rosebud under the name of Mary B.Stone. Fred's wife died in 1920.
VINE. - On the 23rd April, 1920 (suddenly, in Mornington train. Mrs. Julia Josephine Vine, of Rosebud, beloved mother of Mary B. Stone (Rosebud) and George Robert Stone (Templemore, Ireland), faithful wife of Fred Vine (Rosebud), relict of late Timothy Robert Cormic Stone, of Loughmore, Tipperary; youngest daughter of Patrick and Mary Concannon. Mylelough,Galway, aged 84 years. A colonist of 57 year.American, Irish, Indian, and Scotch papers please
copy. Buried Dromana Cemetery, 25th April. (P.1, Argus, 20-4-1920.)
Mary B.Stone died in 1926, the only notices being inserted by the Rosebud postmaster and one of her cousins.
STONE.â In loving memory of dear Miss Stone, loved daughter of the late Mrs. Vine, of Rosebud. Gone. but not forgotten, Inserted, by Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Wheeler and family, of Rosebud.(P.1, The Age, 5-8-1926.)
STONE.â In loving memory or our cousin, Mary,loving daughter of late Mrs. Vine, Rosebud, died 4th August, 1926. Sadly missed.Gone, but not forgotten.
Inserted by M. Becker; and family. Port Melbourne. (P.6, The Age, 7-8-1926.)
Fred's surname was given, more often than not, as Vean in ratebooks. In this case it was written as Vian, so you'll see why I did not use his name as a search term. Peter Wilson devotes a whole chapter to Mary (Polly Vine.) There is a photo of Polly whose skin is very dark, most likely because she spent most of her life outdoors, like her stepfather, who was thought to be from Ceylon. I don't think Mary would have had much affection for Fred, who was definitely living on c/a 29 before he bought it from the Crown.
(P.3, Argus, 19-6-1871.)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

WATKIN
WATTS
WAINWRIGHT
WEE WEE
See separate post of 23-1-2016, PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE (Is this name fair dinkum?)
WESTERNPORT SQUATTING DISTRICT (Misleading.)
WHITE Laurence & Jas.
WHITE (Moorooduc)
WHITE (Rosebud and Red Hill)
WHITE (Sorrento)
WIILIAMS Edw. & Mary
WILSON H.W. etc.
WILSON J.B.
See WILSON OF TUERONG post.
WILSON PROF. W.B.
See PROFESSOR W.B.WILSON OF WOLFDENE AT MORNINGTON post.
WILSON Sarah. (Petronella's book)
WOLFDENE, MORNINGTON.
See WILSON PROF.W.B.
WONG
Names are coming from memory alone. I've still got rates, parish maps, my journals, my pre 2011 and abandoned Peninsula Dictionary History and my journals to consult in case I forget anything.

2 comment(s), latest 4 days, 20 hours ago

PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE, MAORI FISHERMAN AT ROSEBUD (VIC., AUST.) DROWNED 1869 WITH FOUR QUARRYMEN EN ROUTE TO QUARANTINE STATION.

PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE. ( Is this name fair dinkum?)
Patrick's grave in the Rye Cemetery has been restored by the Rye Historical Society which also supplied an informative plaque.

The first time I wrote about the tragedy, I couldn't resist using the title of Wee Wee in the Bay, but it could have been even smuttier if I'd realised that all four quarrymen were named Richard.

I thought that Isobel Moresby's claim in ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA about Maoris living at Rosebud was wrong until I read about the tragedy. Nelson Rudduck arrived in Dromana in 1871 when the incident would have been fresh in everyone's mind and he mentioned the Maoris at Rosebud in great detail three decades later.

In response to the enquiries of "New Zealander" in last issue, Mr N. Rudduck, of Dromana, has kindly supplied the following re the Maoris who at one time were living here: "There were nearly 20 Maoris fishing at Rosebud about 1865. They afterward moved to what became known as the Maori farm beyond Rye.Some of them (Patrick and Timmo) got drowned by the capsizing of a boat taking a passenger to Queenscliff, and are buried in the Rye cemetery.One named Paul died in Geelong hospital. Peter Kanaks died in the Melbourne hospital, where I think Paul's three children (Napper, Minnie and George) also died. Paul's wife and another woman named Mary Ann eventually were taken from here to New Zealand by a deputation who came over for them, as one of them was of royal blood." (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-7-1902.)

SOME BACKGROUND TO NELSON'S LETTER AND THE FOLLOWING.
Timmo, not mentioned below, must have been Patrick's fishing partner.His body may have been found later. His name, like that of Napper, seems to be a nickname. A napper broke up limestone in preparation for burning. Timmo may have had an early kiln just west of Timm's Corner (cnr. Hiscock and Boneo) as shown in LIME LAND LEISURE. The Tootgarook hotel mentioned would have been William Cottier's hotel of that name (on land now occupied by Ray White and the shop on the east side of Shark Shack) established in 1867 and renamed the Rye Hotel by his former partner, John Campbell in about 1872. The original Tootgarook Hotel on the pre-emptive right near today's Leonard St was not mentioned after 1857 when Peter Purves applied for a licence.

FATAL ACCIDENT IN THE BAY.
SUPPOSED LOSS OF FIVE LIVES.
Last Sunday evening, about five o'clock, a Maori fisherman, named Patrick Tomut Wee Wee, living at Rosebud, near Dromana, was drinking in the bar of the Tootgarook hotel, at Tootgarook, and conversing with four young men named respectively Richard Knott, Richard Barry, Richard Abbott, and Richard Bellinger, who wanted him to take them to the Quarantine ground, where they were employed by Mr Muir, a contractor, as stonemasons.

The party left the hotel, and went in the direction of the pier, but it appears no one saw them go into Wee Wee's boat. Later in the evening, Christian Miller, a seaman employed on board of the fore-and-aft schooner Result, anchored off the pier at Tootgarook, was on board his craft, when she was suddenly struck by a heavy squall, which came from the westward, with a heavy sea, which was running mountains high.

Whilst he was engaged in attending to the vessel he heard a voice calling out in the water, and on looking out saw a man, clinging to a boat that was capsized. He was about 150 yards from the Result, and Miller could not give him any assistance. The boat drifted away in the direction of Rosebud, and was very soon out of sight. Miller could not tell whether the man was a Maori or not.

Michael Cain, a labourer, residing at Point Nepean, was riding along the beach from Rye to Dromana, and he and his brother saw the body of the Maori fisherman, Wee Wee, which they brought on shore. There were no marks of ill usage on the body, and there were no other bodies about. An inquest was held on the deceased, on Wednesday, by Mr.Candler, and it was elicited that the young men had not been heard of, though diligent inquiries had been made for them. The jury returned a verdict of "found drowned" off Rosebud, and expressed an opinion that he was accidentally drowned in a squall whilst conveying some passengers from Tootgarook to the Quarantine station. (P.3, Williamstown Chronicle, 1-1-1870.)

DOES WEE WEE MEAN TRIBE, ACCEPTING OF FRENCH SQUATTERS OR VERY SMALL?
How would Patrick have obtained such a name as Wee Wee? I have found three possibilities, Maori, French and Scottish. The Maori word for tribe is iwi or wiwi; the French, generally disliked by the Maoris, were called wee wee because of their word for yes; and because of heavy Scottish migration to N.Z. the word wee for little was commonly used there and still is.

1 comment(s), latest 1 week, 6 days ago

EARLY STOREKEEPERS AT ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

If you happen to find an early photo of post office, Rosebud, it will probably show the Roberts/Brady/McConchie post office at front left (near the present Peebles store site) with the Rudduck store, then a general store about 75 yards away (according to Peter Wilson.) This photo would have been taken before 1920 when William C. Twyford transferred the post office to the Rudduck store. In 1923 the new post office was burnt down and rebuilt with a longer frontage,which was purchased in the same year by Edwin James Wheeler, the new postmaster. Wheeler conducted the post office in number 1045, selling the other shops, numbers 1039-1043 to Stephens in 1929 and in 1937 transferred the post office to a new building at 1047, now the Ninth Avenue Cafe.

While the Roberts and Rudduck stores were very early stores, they were far from the first.

A CHRONOLOGY.
The "Rosebud" was beached in May 1855 according to a report of the Purves v Smyth insurance case in 1855 and the wreck may have been driven farther to the location of the cairn by June 2, the date on the cairn. The first land offered for subdivisional blocks, on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue between Adams Creek (The Avenue) and the line of Parkmore Rd was described as being at Rosebud.
VILLAGE LOTS.
County of Mornington, parish of Wannaeue, at Rosebud, adjoining Burrell's pre emptive section, on Port Phillip Bay. Upset price. £8 per acre. Allotments 1 to 23. 2 roods to la. Sr. 30p. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

The land didn't sell well and was described as being in the Village of Wannaeue later in the 1870's. Locals didn't call the area Rosebud, but "The Rosebud" and continued doing so until about 1920 according to the late Ray Cairns who as a boy looked forward to the excursions to Martin's Corner and the beach near "The Rosebud" (despite all visible signs of the wreck having been removed by the locals in the 1890's according to an account in an article in Mick Dark's collection if I remember correctly.)

The majority of Rosebud residents were fishermen and paid no rates to the Kangerong Road Board. In 1873-4 they did so for the first time. Those who previously held a crown lease on their blocks under the terms of their fisherman's licences seem to have been given the opportunity to buy these blocks in the Rosebud Fishing Village in August 1872 without competition (like a pre-emptive right.) But before then a poundkeeper near Cliffords Rd at Somerton had bought crown allotment 18 Wannaeue,152 acres between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd and tried to sell it in lots of about 2 acres. He only sold lot 86, 2 acres on the FJ's corner, in 1871 (1), to Jack Jones one of the fishermen on the foreshore.
(1) Lake v Jones; sketch of title on memorial in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook documenting a loan of 128 pounds given to William Edwards by Captain Henry Everest Adams in 1878 showing that lot 86 was on the east corner of Jetty and Pt Nepean Rds extending south to about Morgan St.

Jack Jones bought c/a 6 of the fishing village (now 854 and 856 Pt Nepean Rd)on 11-8-1872 and Daniel Coyle bought c/a 10 (immediately west of the Banksia Point complex now being built) on 16-8-1872, most other fisherman buying their blocks at about that time.

THE FIRST STOREKEEPER.
Daniel Coyle has never been mentioned in Rosebud histories except for the above details in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD with a quote from Isabel Moresby's ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA about Granny Coyle of saintly character running a lolly shop. Jack Jones is said to have run a store in an upturned boat on c/a 6 and Ethel Fountain's memoirs and her sister's EARLY ROSEBUD map both mention his store on c/a 6 being burnt down. You'd put your money on Jack being the first storekeeper wouldn't you? I did!

Rate records were pathetic in regard to their legibility on the microfiche, the lack of detail about occupiers, owners and description of properties and even the year of assessment and names of ridings. I learnt to identify the ridings by the names of ratepayers and their number of acres! However, year by year research on certain ratepayers, on top of transcriptions of all Kangerong and Wannaeue assessments in 1864, 1879, 1900, 1910 and 1919 has allowed me to answer many questions. The jigsaw pieces fit very neatly together!

In 1873-4, DANIEL COYLE was assessed on 1 allotment and 3 roomed house, Rosebud, N.A.V. 6 pounds, as he was in 1874-5. In 1875-6he was assessed on the same property but he was described as a storekeeper and the net annual value increased to 7 pounds. The same details continued until 1882-3 when his name was recorded but the rates were paid in December 1882 by ? White who turned out later to be Thomas White, cutler. Daniel and Granny Coyle had moved to Mordialloc where they seem to have lived out their days. Was it at that time that Jack Jones decided to commence a store in an upturned boat?

From 14-9-1877 to 30-7-1881, Jack Jones, fisherman was assessed on one allotment, Rosebud, N.A.V. 5 pounds. By 29-7-1882, Jack was described as a storekeeperand was assessed on TWO allotments and buildings, N.A.V.8 pounds. Have you realised something? The judge in Lake v Jones (or the reporter) got it wrong or the rate collector took a decade to wake up that Jack Jones had bought lot 86 crown allotment 18 Wannaeue in 1871. The block had definitely been sold by Charles Blakley before 1878 as shown by the aforementioned loan memorial.

In view of the fact that a rate collector took a decade to realise that Cr James Little Brown was not "John Brown", and the lack of thoroughness mentioned above (which caused Cr Terry's resignation as detailed in my Shire of Flinders journal), my money is on the rate collector being a decade behind reality. Besides, if Jack had bought lot 86 in 1881, he would have bought it from Blooming Bob White, completely at odds with the report of the trial. Read the court report re Jack buying his 2 acres on c/a 18 Wannaeue and building his new store in 1883-4, at which time the store (no longer an upturned boat)on c/a 6 must have been a pile of ashes.

" During the negotiations for purchase of land, Mr Jones who by this time was old and trembling, told my father that his original store was built on "The Pines" site, but was burnt down and he transferred his business to Jetty Rd corner, as he considered it more central opposite the jetty." Ethel Fountain.

LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

So far we have (1)Daniel Coyle 1875-1882. (2) Jack Jones 1882-1910+ but there was another storekeeper before 1900 whom the rate collector called Loui.

Louis Anderson was Rosebud's post master 1890-1897 during which time he was assessed on 1 lot and buildings, Wannaeue. In 1897-8 his name was crossed out and replaced by that of John Roberts, occupant of lots 41 and 42 crown allotment 17 Wannaeue, owned now by Mrs Roberts of Napier St, Ballarat, who was probably still packing belongings and farewelling friends. C/a 17 was between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk/Ninth Avenue house blocks south to Eastbourne Rd. Lots 41-2 and the Roberts/Brady/ McConchie post office have been established as being near the present Peeble store, thus indicating the rough location of Louis Anderson's store. Hence we are back to the start of the journal. Louis Anderson did the first recorded fish run to the Mornington railhead, obviously before Jimmy the Squid Williams of Eastbourne.


1 comment(s), latest 2 weeks, 2 days ago

CORRECTION RE WILLIAM JOHN FERRIER'S HOUSE AT ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

William John Ferrier called his house in the Rosebud Fishing Village "Seven" because it was on crown allotment 7 of the village, now 858 Pt. Nepean Rd, Rosebud. Rate research led me to conclude that the present house had been built by 1894 and was thus the house that the hero of the La Bella wreck at Warrnambool in 1905 had occupied.

However, my history column in ROSEBUD RIPPLE has led to me being contacted by the grandson of George Fountain whose mother and aunt wrote histories of Rosebud, which are every bit as valuable as Isabel Moresby's ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and will become a new journal when I finish transcribing them.

As will be revealed in Laura Fountain's memories in ROSEBUD (VIC., AUST.) HISTORY ISSUING FROM THE FOUNTAINS, the PRESENT house on crown allotment 7 Rosebud Fishing Village (858 Pt. Nepean Rd, Rosebud) was NOT occupied by William John Ferrier. George Fountain bought C/A 7 from him, probably in 1916 when the Ferriers moved to Queenscliff, and demolished the cottage occupied by Antonio Bosina from 1894 till he became blind, Mrs Lennie Edwards 1903- 1910 and the Ferriers till 1916. The present house was built by George Fountain and later sold to the Archers.

WHEN WANNAEUE IN PASCOE VALE BECAME COOK'S HOMESTEAD :SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS HISTORY, VIC., AUST.

Country Property
A.E.Gibson and Co. (in conjunction with JIH^uckrcll) report selling by auction on account of the estate of the late Mr J.M.Peck,Wannaeue, a brick villa and land, Pascoevale road, Pascoevale, to Mr A.T.Cook, for L1525.
(P.14, Argus, 28-8-1928.)

John Murray Peck came from New Hampshire, U.S.A. with three other young Yankees, one of whom was Freeman Cobb, in the early years of Victoria's gold rush, and formed a coach company famed in Australia's history. No prizes for guessing its name! His beautifully restored grave can be seen at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 B9) of which a history has recently been completed. As well as the Concord coaches, the names Mascoma, Lebanon and Hiawatha from New Hampshire (of which the Pecks were pioneers) were introduced into our heritage by the family.

Alexander McCracken, the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club and the first president of the V.F.L., was one of his sons in law. J.M.Peck was a vice president of the Essendon Football Club and wore the red and black Sturt's Desert Pea in his lapel to every game. How would I know that? Harry Huntington Peck's MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN which records such details about hundreds of Australian pioneers as well as his fearless coach-driving father.

William Allison Blair lived on the site of the Essendon Tech. but was hugely involved in the history of the Mornington Peninsula, establishing a virtual monopoly in the lime production there from the 1860's. His battles with Charles Gavan Duffy to acquire land through selection caused nightmares for the members of the Land Board and according to Sidney Smith Crispo led to a suggestion by him that one parcel of land in dispute between them should be proclaimed as the Village of Sorrento. Blair bought much land south of the Rye township, obtaining the kilns of many limeburners and therefore reducing competition. Blair also bought the land between Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd in Rosebud West. This happened to be in the parish of WANNAEUE.

John Murray Peck became one of Australia's foremost stock and station agents and a renowned cattle salesmen, often selling at Newmarket Saleyards. He built a house at Ascot Vale called Mascoma and Alexander McCracken's mother who lived across Mount Alexander Rd could hear his booming voice from Ailsa (later Mercy college and now a Scientology property.) In 1882, he moved into Lebanon at today's Strathmore whose driveway was Peck Avenue.

John Murray Peck probably had the house, whose site is now occupied by Red Rooster at the east end of the footbridge that takes pedestrians over Pascoe Vale Rd from Peck Avenue, built for his daughter as a wedding present. His son, Harry, built the heritage-listed Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St and he'd want a nice house for his daughters too. Alexander McCracken's North Park on the south side of Woodland St (now the Columban Mission)was an acceptable home for Margaret so why should Minnie Waters miss out.

BLAIR - PECK.- On the 12th inst., at St. John's Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Alexander Stewart,M.A., William Allison, elder son of W. A. Blair, of Netherlea, Essendon, to Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J. M. Peck, of Lebanon, Pascoevale.(P.1, Argus, 26-4-1888.)

BLAIR.- On the 28th ult., at Wannaeue, Pascoevale,the wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son.
(P.1, Argus, 6-2-1889.)

Because a Hugh Peck had land at Mornington in early days, I originally thought that John Murray Peck gave the illegally demolished house its name. That was until I discovered that his daughter had married the lime merchant's namesake son!

Albert Cook was the longtime clerk of the shire of Broadmeadows. The Township of Broadmeadows, now Westmeadows, was the obvious administrative centre for the road board and then the shire because it was surrounded for years by farmland. However the subdivisions started during the land boom of the latter 1880's but thwarted by the 1890's depression were now being populated in areas such as Pascoe Vale and Glenroy. In 1928, a new council building was constructed near the Broadmeadows Station. The new office was too far from the the old shire hall near the West Broadmeadows bridge where Albert had made young Norm Woods part of his family and mentored him as a future shire secretary, which he became, at Keilor, as long-serving and respected as Albert. In any case the old building was probably going to be sold to help pay for the new one.

The Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930's called Albert's house Cook's homestead. Demolition was illegally started (in the 1980's?) but although the City of Broadmeadows responded quickly, the damage was done. A Miss Roberts had at one time owned the land between Wannaeue and the Board Track on the Strathmore High School site; she was most likely related to John Murray Peck's widow, Louisa Ellen (nee Roberts) a native of London.

PECK. - On the 5th July, at her residence,Wannaene, Pascovale, Louisa Ellen, relict of the late J. M. Peck, aged 85 years. (Private interment.) (P.1, Argus, 6-7-1928.)

I deliberately didn't correct the name of the house so that you could understand how the great Sam Merrifield, founder of the Essendon Historical Society gained the impression that the house was called Wanganui. Wannaeue was hardly a household name and was often mangled by the newspapers.

Wannaeue was put up for sale within a month after Louisa's death.

SATURDAY, AUGUST l8.
At Three O'clock. On the Property,
SALE OF VALUABLE BRICK VILLA, WANNAEUE,
AT PASCOEVALE.
WITH SPLENDID BLOCK OF LAND.
IN THE ESTATE OF THE LATE Mr. J. M. PECK.
Wannaeue is an Attractive Brick Villa of Substantial Construction, Occupying a Nice Position
on the Main road, in the Most Progressive Part of Pascoevale, and Within Cooee (220 Yards)
of the Pascoevale Railway Station, which Enjoys a Good Electric Train Service.
The Rooms Are Lofty, Under Slate roof, and Comprise Spacious Dining and Breakfast rooms,
Five Bedrooms, Kitchen, Laundry, Bath, Pantrv, Cupboards, and Cellar; Also Garage, Man's
Room, Feedhouse, Hot-water Service Installed, Electric Light, Telephone, and Sewerage Sys
tem, and Surrounded by Nice Flower and vegetable Gardens, and Fine Old Ornamental Trees.
The Land Has a Grand Frontage of About 360ft to the Main Pascoevale Road, by Irregular Depth,
Culminating In a Picturesque and Fertile Frontage to the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Altogether Wannaeue Represents a Commodious Home with Wholesome and Refined Surround-
ings, and Being for Genuine Sale tor the Purpose of Finalising Trust Matters, Buyers in
Quest of a Home of This Description May Attend the Sale in Confidence.
Title, Certifícate. Terms-One-third Cash, One-third In Twelve Months, and One-third in Two
Years. Interest, 6 Per Cent. Per Annum.
Arrangements Could be Made If a Buyer so wished to run a Cow in Paddocks Adjacent
A.E.GIBSON & CO.,
Auctioneer, 150 Queen Street, Melbourne (Te). Cent S514); and at Glenroy,
In Conjunction With
J. L. FACKRELL,
Estate Agent, Opposite Hallway Station, Pascoevale. Tel. FU6709.
(P.2, Argus, 4-8-1928.)

G6ACIOUS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF A SHIRE SECRETARY'S WORTH.
A complimentary social evening was held at the Broadmeadows Shire Hall on the evening of the 12th inst., in
recognition of the 25 years' service rendered as shire secretary by Mr. A.T. Cook, J.P. The gathering was representative of the Broadmeadows and neighbouring councils, the ratepayers of the Shire of Broadmeadows, public bodies and the public generally. The shire hall was packed.

The president of the shire (Or. R.O. Hadfield*, J.P.) presided over the gathering. He spoke with keen appreciation of the assistance he had received at the hands of Mr. Cook,whose close attention to duty was very
striking, Mr. Cook had not missed a council meeting during the 25 years he had been in the employment of the
council. Cr. W. H. Poole, J.P., who for 23 years had been a member of the council, spoke in feeling terms of the excellent service rendered by Mr. Cook. Cr. A. F. Showers, of Essendon, the president of the Progress Association, and several others spoke in similar terms, after which the president made a presentation of a clock and a wallet of notes, to Mr. and Mrs. Cook.
(P.2, Wodonga and Towong Sentinel, 22-12-1933.)
*John Pascoe Fawkner's "Box Forest" was renamed in honour of Rupert Hadfield, not the supposed reason given on the website Australia for Everyone; Place Names.

2 comment(s), latest 1 month, 1 week ago

CORRECTION: CHARLES BLAKEY (NOT BLAKELY) LANDOWNER AT WANNAEUE, BROADFORD AND YUROKE, VIC., AUST.

The first reference I saw to this pioneer was in a document detailing a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings in August 1878 from Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud to William Edwards of Dromana. The latter had mortgaged his land at Rosebud and a sketch of title mentioned Charles BLAKELEY and lot 86 of crown allotment 18 section A, parish of Wannaeue. Confusingly the solicitor had described this 2 acre block as crown allotment 86, section 18 Wannaeue as if it was a township block rather than a private subdivision. I wondered at the time if Charles was related to William Henry Blakeley, Australia's first sawmaker.

Later I saw a Charles Blakey shown as a grantee of crown allotments 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, all but about 40 acres granted to John Cameron of Stony Fields (Roxburgh Park) on the north west side of Cliffords Rd, which ran from the end of Pascoe Vale Rd to Sydney Rd until it was cut off by the north eastern railway; the northern boundary of these blocks is today shown by transmission lines. Charles was also the grantee of crown allotment 6 which is fairly well indicated by the bottom half of Melway 180 D7.

It was soon after that my internet problems started and I could not access the Yuroke parish map or the Lake v Jones case regarding lot 86 of 18 Wannaeue or the 1874 advertisement of 18 Wannaeue and land at Broadford by Charles' executor. My memory came up with a combination of Blakeley and Blakey when I was discussing 18 Wannaeue.

With my internet problems overcome and pangs of guilt for possibly misleading readers, I used an idle moment to find the right spelling of the surname.

By the way, crown allotment 18 Wannaeue consisted of 152 acres and is bounded by today's Pt.Nepean Rd, Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd. With lot 86 on the FJ's corner excised, it only consisted of 150 acres when Blooming Bob White or his father bought it, apparently calling it or the homestead Menstrys Hill. The advertisement in 1874 forgot to mention the prior sale of lot 86. The Lakes thought they were buying the whole 152 acres circa 1888 and tried to get Jack Jones kicked off his corner block. The farm was later owned by Thomas Bamford and the Pottons (who called it St.Albans and are recalled by a street name) before being involved in the two suicides of De Garis in the late 1920's.

DEATHS.
BLAKEY.âOn the 7th inst., at the Alfred Hospital,Charles Blakey, aged 61 years.(P.4, Argus, 8-7-1873.)

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 26 February 1874 p 2 Advertising
... Wannocuo, County of Mornington And 04a Or 3Sp, Parish of Broadford By Order of tho Executors of CHARLES ... ) BROADFORD Wannaeue, t, / Couuty of Morrdngton '" SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION Of 152a. 2r >flp , ?" ' Parish of .


MONDAY, DECEMBER 7.
SOMERTON.
13 Miles from Melbourne, On tho Sydney-road.
Sole by Public Auction of Allotment 6, Section 6, Parish of Yuroke,A Short Distance Nearer Town than the Somerton Hotel.
By Order of the Executors Under the Will of the late Charles Blakey.
For Positive and Unreserved Sale.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from Messrs John Munday and John Kyle to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the mart, on Monday, December 7, at twelve o'clock,
That block of agricultural land, containing 34a. Or. 30p , and forming the full Crown Allotment 6 of
Section 6, parish of Yuroko.
This land is unfenced, it is first-class grazing and agricultural land, is Surroundcd by farming properties,
and was purchased from the Crown by the late Mr.Charles Blakey. Title, Crown grant.(P.3, Argus, 5-12-1874.)

I presume that the title for 18 Wannaeue had been transferred from Charles Blakey to (his son?)Richard and this extract from Lake v Jones illustrates why I was confused about the spelling of the surname.

Mr Justice A'beckett said that the facts were uncontradicted. They were that in the year 1871 the defendant who is a fisherman bought a small piece of land for the sum of 4 pounds from the then registered proprietor Richard Blakeley.
LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

2 comment(s), latest 1 month, 3 weeks ago

DOCUMENTS: PLACE OF BIRTH OR DEATH; FAMILY HISTORIAN BEWARE!

This warning has been sounded before in regard to registration of births and deaths in country areas, especially in pioneering days where churches and towns were rare. For instance, on the Mornington Peninsula, a birth recorded as being at Point Nepean in the 1850's does not mean that the parents were living there but that an official at the quarantine station was the only registrar available. When townships were proclaimed, registrars, post offices and schools were among the perks but place names on birth and death documents could be misleading. Rye was officially called Tootgarook for well over a decade and a birth registered at Mornington could be described as being at Snapper Point, Schnapper Point or Moorooduc, the name of the parish.

Bullocky Bob White was a resident near Main Creek flowing south from Arthurs Seat for most of his life, maybe from birth and certainly until the last rate record available on microfiche in 1919. His obituary gave his birthplace as Borneo (actually Boneo, a very vague locality circa 1860) and that he died in Rosebud. His death and burial notices described him as a resident of Dromana West! See below.

Often documents and biographies (such as in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS)contain lies. Many bounty passengers lowered their ages on shipping records so they'd qualify for the heavily reduced fare. Bullocky Bob White's obituary's vague year of birth had the same purpose as Robert Henry Adams' lie on his birth certificate that his parents had married before leaving England instead of almost a decade after his birth. My great grandfather gave his year of arrival as 1867 rather than 1864 to hide his indenture to John Hall, being by 1888 a prominent resident and councillor of the Shire of Broadmeadows unwilling to reveal his humble beginnings.

From my CHRONOLOGY (FROM TROVE) OF BURIALS AT DROMANA CEMETERY etc. journal.
5-5-1941. ROBERT JAMES A.K.A. BULLOCKY BOB WHITE.
MR. R. WHITE
Born at Borneo(sic) in the eighteen-fifties*, Mr. Robert White, of Rosebud**,died on Saturday, May 3, at the age of 86*** years. The late Mr. White, whose passing is mourned by a large circle of friends, leaves a widow, a daughter and.seven sons. The funeral took place on Monday, May 5, at Dromana Cemetery.
A service was conducted at the home of Rev. R. C. McLean, who also read the burial service. A tribute to Mr. White's useful life was paid by Cr. Greaves at the graveside. He said that the large attendance at the funeral indicated the high esteem in which deceased had been held by the people in the surrounding districts The late Mr. White had been a good churchman and a fine citizen. Many beautiful floral tributes were sent.
Six of the late Mr. White's sons bore the coffin, and the pall-bearers were:- Messrs. E. Bright, G. James,D. James, J. Hobley, Ivan White, C.White and E. White.(P.5, Standard, 9-5-1941.)

(*Before his mother arrived? **Probably a Rosebud property left to him by Charles and Janet James, his parents.***About 81 if we deduct 1860 from 1941 and if we take his age as gospel, he was born in 1855 when his mother was still in the old country.)

It is generally accepted that Bullocky Bob White was born in about 1860, his mother being Janet White (born 1839 or 1844) who travelled to Australia on the John Linn, arriving in Melbourne on 25-6-1859. His father, Charles James (Born 1831, SALISBURY WILTSHIRE ENGLAND, died 23 01 1907, MORNINGTON VIC) was buried at Dromana Cemetery on what was calculated to be 24-1-1907.

Robert White's birthplace was Boneo, not Borneo but the name was used to describe the area along today's Browns Rd between Main Ridge and Truemans Rd in early days so he could have been born on the James property at Melway 254 J1 or the Cairns brothers' Little Scotland at 170 B10, where Janet's father Robert White (1804-1881) was recorded as renting a hut from the Cairns Bros. in the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment of 1864. As the exact date of Bullocky Bob's birth is not known, Charles White may not have been his biological father; Janet may have become pregnant aboard the John Linn.

The information in Bullocky's obituary was probably the result of his desire to muddy the waters when asked any questions or perhaps on his marriage certificate when he married Hannah Roberts. (Robert Henry Adams of Rosebud did the latter re the year and place of his parents' marriage to disguise his illegitimacy.)

Charles James and JANET WHITE, (Born: 1844 (?) , MENSTRIE CLACKMANNANSHIRE SCOTLAND Married: 25 07 1864, WANNAEUE VIC (MI: 2603) Died: 1921) were not married until after Bullocky was born and their first legitimate child may have been Elizabeth (born 1865) who married William Hobley. Janet's birth year above (1844) was probably from her marriage certificate and another attempt to muddy the waters. Stephen Lynch gives her year of birth as 1839 between Henry (1834) and Ann (1842). Janet' mother, Elizabeth, died shortly after giving birth to Elizabeth (1850-1850) and this was no doubt in her mind when she named her own baby in 1865.

Robert was raised as Robert Charles but that was not what his birth certificate said.He was so incensed at being kept in the dark about the the circumstances of his birth he was said to have cut contact with his mother and changed his name to that on the birth certificate, Robert White. Janet's younger brother, Robert White (born 1849) had probably moved to the Red Hill area by this time and acquired the nickname of Blooming Bob White because he never swore at his bullocks, using this word instead. His nephew, the former Robert James (under which name he was granted 27A1, Wannaeue) was referred to as Bullocky Bob White.
(Sources:PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Stephen Lynch: charles james - Great Southern Pioneers
www.cosy.com.au/gsp/ftdisper.php?&pid=041922)

I'd tried in vain to find Bullocky's death notice with a WHITE ROSEBUD 1941 FAMILY NOTICES search on trove. No wonder I didn't find it. I seem to recall an assessment for "James" on c/a 19 Wannaeue, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave and this was probably where Bullocky was living when he died, and why the funeral procession left from the lighthouse. Only a year or two later his residence would have been described as being in McCrae. Family historians should take notice that the same location was likely to be described by more than one place name until about 1950, that places of birth and death may have been where the event was recorded bby a registrar or a hospital (say in Mornington or Melbourne respectively) where the mother or deceased had been admitted prior to the event because of an expected difficult birth or a serious illness/ incapacity that required expert medical care.

WHITE. âOn May 3, at Dromana West, Robert, beloved husband of Mary, fond father of George, Chris, Eden, Ern, Fred, Lily (Mrs. Bright), Jack, and Will, aged 86 years. âAt rest. (P.4, Argus, 5-5-1941.)

WHITE-The Friends of ROBERT WHITE late of Main Ridge are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral will leave the South Channel Lighthouse at 3 p m THIS DAY (Monday). HECTOR GAMBLE Funeral Director. (P. 4 as above.)

J.T.ROLLS, MARINER, PIONEER IN THE PARISH OF WANNAEUE, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

This journal was prompted by the similarity between L and T in old handwriting* and a rate collector's almost illegible handwriting.
(* See sample in:
How to Read 18th Century British-American Writing
dohistory.org/on_your_own/toolkit/writing.html
Something as basic to us as writing was quite different in 18th Century .... upper case K, P, and R can look similar, as can J and T. Also, at times L and S will be ..

In 1876 somebody named Rolls had replaced John Lovie on the latter's grants, 638 acres west of Boneo Rd with partial frontages to Truemans and Browns Rds. He had probably bought the property at a mortgagee's auction on 24-7-1876 and the rate collector had not had time to get all the new owner's details before the September meeting when the assessment was presented to the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong for approval.

In 1877, the new owner's initials were given but I couldn't work out whether they were J.T. or J.L. He was described as a mariner and was recorded as owner as well as occupant of the 638 acres and two roomed house which had been built by John Lovie. The link to the Wannaeue parish map can be found in the first comment under my PIONEERS OF THE PARISH OF WANNAEUE journal or you can google WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.

HOW LONG WAS J.T.ROLLS ON THIS FARM?
The answer will be found shortly. See answer at the end of the journal.

CAPTAIN ROLLS 3 WHO WENT TO SEA, AGED 15, WHEN HIS FATHER WAS OCCUPYING LOVIE'S GRANTS
Having the right initials may not seem very important but they would be for a family historian, so I tried a trove search for J.T.Rolls. Wow! First result was:
THIRD GENERATION CAPT. J. T. ROLLS AN OLD SEA DOG
Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Thursday 23 October 1924 p 7 Article

THIRD GENERATION; CAPT. J. T. ROLLS AN OLD SEA DOG !
The Niagara left Sydney for Vancouver to-day, under Captain Showman, the fourth officer of the Union Co. fleet to assume charge of the liner. Captain Harry Morriby was the first, Captain John Gibb was the next, and Captain John T. Rolls, who has just retired, was the third.

Captain Rolls has been going to sea since 1876, having started his career out of Melbourne In the ship Ellora.
He continued in sailing ships until April, 1885, when he joined the Union Company as a junior officer on the
Wairarapa.

THIRD GENERATION.
Captain Rolls is the third generation of shipmasters. His father was a shipowner, and captain in Victoria, and his Grandfather was a retired commander in the East-India Co.,taking the ship Rhoda to Australia later, and subsequently settling in Melbourne. Captain Rolls was born in 1861 and 1924 finds him the latest recruit in the ranks of the League of Ancient Mariners.

Countless other results referred to other people with the same initials so I tried "J.T.ROLLS" and got countless articles about his (their)ship's arrival from, or departure to, various places. Next I tried Captain Rolls.

The third Captain Rolls who retired in 1924 had gone to sea at the age of 15 in 1876. Therefore the owner of crown allotments 40A and 41-3, section A, Wannaeue was probably his father.

Extract from:
THIRTY YEARS IN COMMAND. CAPTAIN ROLLS RETIRES.
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Tuesday 4 November 1924 p 4 Article

Captain Roll's parents were early pioneers of Victoria, his father arriving from Kent in 1841 and his mother
landing in Victoria some 10 years later
. It was in the ship Ellora, owned by Mr John Blyth of Melbourne that Captain Rolls first went to sea in July 1876 when he was barely 15 years of age.

Captain Rolls 3 was only 15 in 1876 and unlikely to own the Wannaeue land. What about Captain Rolls 1?
I think this would be him.
ROLLS.âOn the 14th inst., at eight a.m., at the residence of his son, Curzon-street, North Melbourne,
Captain John Rolls, aged sixty-one years, after a painful and lingering illness. (P.4, Argus, 17-7-1861.)

The captain's son would have been J.T.Rolls 2 (circa 1830-1910) aged about 31 who bought the Wannaeue land 15 years later.

Is this Captain Rolls 2.
Murder of Captain Rolls.
Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) Saturday 1 April 1882 p 4 Article
NO! Another article gave this captain's name as Phillip.
The Murder of Captain Rolls
Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Monday 26 June 1882 p 2 Article
... The Murder of Captain Rolls The case of the marder of Captain Philip Rolls, late master of the ... 66 words

CAPTAIN ROLLS 2, WANNAEUE PIONEER.
Is it possible that the owner of the 638 acres in Wannaeue during the 1870's was John Thomas Rolls who died at Brighton in 1910? Yes! His widow's death notice reveals that he had been a captain. He was born in about 1830 so he would have been about 11 when his father settled, 20 when his future wife settled, 31 when Captain Rolls 3 was born, and 46 when he bought Lovie's grants and his son, Captain Rolls 3, born 1861 went to sea barely aged 15.

ROLLS.âOn the 28th January, at "Ravensbourne," Brighton Beach, John Thomas Rolls, in his 80th year. (Interred privately.) P.1, Argus, 31-1-1910.

ROLLS.âOn the 18th March, at "Ravensbourne," Brighton Beach (suddenly), Mary Ann, relict of the late Captain John T. Rolls, in her 80th year. (Interred privately 21st.) P.1, Argus, 22-3-1910.

My purpose here is not to provide genealogy but to make ROLLS descendants aware of their family's involvement on the Mornington Peninsula. Descendants of Joseph Porta, Victoria's first manufacturer of bellows, had no idea of his grant at c/a 63 Moorooduc and (please excuse the pun), Rolls descendants could be in the same BOAT.

WHEN WAS J.T.ROLLS LAST ASSESSED ON THE 638 ACRES IN THE PARISH OF WANNAEUE? CHECK 1878+.
The net annual value of Lovie's 638 acres had been 30 pounds had been 30 pounds since 1872 if not before. John Rolls' name was not in the 1878 assessment so in searching for the new owner or occupant I looked in the net annual value column but none of the three or so properties with that value matched so I looked for Alexander Crichton's assessment. There it was at assessment number 46.
Alexander Crichton, (owner A.Crichton) 638 acres Wannaeue, net annual value 50 pounds.

That's a huge jump in the net annual value, so Alexander of Glenlee probably had plenty of revenue from Glenlee's famed cheese to achieve such a rapid improvement and had probably made an offer for the farm that John couldn't refuse. Was it in 1878 that John built Ravensbourne at Brighton?

He was obviously living close to the city by August, 1878 when he made a bid to become a director of the company below.
THE COLONIAL MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY (Limited)
A SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the shareholders of the above company will be held at the registered offices of the company, 84 and 86 Collins Street west, Melbourne, on Thursday, the 29th day of August inst,, at 2 o clock in the afternoon. (P.8, Argus, 22-8-1878.)

In 1881, John 2 was the marine surveyor for the United Australian Mutual Fire Insurance Company (Limited.)
(P.8, column 4, Argus, 18-8-1881.)

On January 28 a very old colonist,Captain John T. Rolls, passed away, after a long illness, at his residence,
"Ravensbourne," Brighton Beach, Victoria. The deceased arrived in Victoria 60 years ago, and for many years was
well known in shipping circles, but had lived in retirement for the last 37 years. He leaves a widow and two sons, Captain J. T. Rolls, of the Union S.S. Company, and Mr. W. Rolls, pastoralist, of New South Wales, also two daughters.(P.5, Examiner (Launceston), 8-2-1910.)

The above confirms that John 2 had retired just before he purchased John Lovie's 638 acres at Wannaeue by September 1875 and that he was the father of John 3 who retired in 1924. John 2 may have had another son who was about five years younger than John 3.

As the barque Veritas of this port was coming out from London, one of the apprentices, T. H. Rolls, fell from the flying jibboom into the sea, and was drowned. The accident took place on the forenoon of the 8th inst.,
when about 500 miles from Cape Otway. The vessel at the time was on the starboard tack and under topgallant sails,and although there was a moderate south-east breeze at the time, the sea was smooth. Two life buoys were thrown quite close to the young man, but whether the poor fellow had lost presence of mind, or was unconscious
from sudden fright, he did not appear to make an effort to secure either of them. A boat was also lowered, and a good look-out kept, but the search was fruitless, and young Rolls was never seen again. Captain Johnson had the barque brought to the wind, and she drifted past the life-buoys on the other tack, and remained in the vicinity of the accident for four hours. Young Rolls was between 15 and 16 years of age, and was a son of Captain J. T. Rolls, of this city. (P.22, The Australasian, 19-11-1881.)

ROLLS.â On November 12, at her residence, 1 Black-street, Middle Brighton, Jane Elizabeth, daughter of the late Captain J. T.and Mrs. Rolls, of Brighton, and sister of Captain J. T. Rolls, of Sydney.
(P.1, The Age, 14-11-1939.)

ROLLSâHEATHER.âOn the 18th ult., at Wagga Wagga, N.S.W., by the Rev. W. C. Bates, William Charles, second son of Captain J. T. Rolls, of Brighton, to Phoebe, fifth daughter of the late Richard Heather, of Adelong, N.S.W.
(P.1, Argus, 6-10-1893.)

SATURDAY, MARCH 20.
On the Property. At Three O'clock.
BRIGHTON BEACH, BRIGHTON BEACH BRIGHTON BEACH, RAVESBOURNE ESTATE.SUPERIOR BRICK VILLA SUPERIOR BRICK VILLA
And 15 VACANT ALLOTMENTS. 15 VACANT ALLOTMENTS.
Under Instructions from THE EQUITY TRUSTEES' COMPANY LTD., in the Estate of J. T. Rolls.

THE HOUSE Is Known as "RAVENSBOURNE," ROSLYN STREET.
It is Constructed of Brick, and Contains (8?)Good Rooms, Vestibule, 3 Pantries, bathroom, laundry, and Scullery, and All Conveniences. It Stands on Land 80 ft. to Roslyn Street, by the Grand Depth of 300ft, Through to Champion Street, There is also Coach house and Stabling.
There also Being Land Adjoining, Which will be Offered at the Same Time.
There are
FIVE ALLOTMENTS,
Each Having Frontages of 60ft, to Were Street, by Depths of 150ft.;
Also FOUR ALLOTMENTS In Roslyn Street, Having frontages Varying from 55ft. to 79 ft., by Depths of 150ft.; and
THREE ALLOTMENTS In Champion Street, with frontages of 65ft, (69?) ft,and 79ft. Respectively, by Depths of 150 ft. ;
Also THREE ALLOTMENTS In South Road, Each Measuring 75ft by 179 ft.
TERMS, for House.-One-third Cash, Balance Within Two Months, Without Interest; or at one and two Years, with Interest at 6 Per Cent. TERMS FOR LAND.-, Cash, Balance Within One Month Without Interest or by Six Half-yearly payments; Interest at 6 percent.(etc.) (P.3, Argus, 6-3-1920.)

Ravesbourne had been put up for sale in May 1911 but obviously didn't sell.
(P.4, Brighton Southern Cross, 29-4-1911.)

John 2 and Mary Ann didn't have all our mod. cons. but they could afford a servant.

GIRL respectable, general, small family, references. Mrs. Rolls, Ravensbourne, Roslyn-rd., Brighton Beach.
(P.3, The Age, 25-7-1896.)

Well I didn't find when John 2 settled at Brighton but I've got a fair idea why he called the house Ravensbourne rather than Wannaeue and it had nothing to do with the birds in his garden.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.
Hobson's bay, arrived Dec. 6.
Ravensbourne, ship,- 1150 tons, William Richardson; from London August 2nd, with three passengers
in the second cabin. (P.2, Mt. Alexander Mail, 9-12-1864.)

THE ROLLS FAMILY, PIONEERS OF 1841!

3 comment(s), latest 1 month, 3 weeks ago

THE HILLIS / McKEOWN / WHITE / DAVEY / AULT / McILROY / SIMPSON / BUCHER / JAMES STORY. (Red Hill near Dromana, Vic., Aust.)

THE HILLIS / McKEOWN / WHITE / DAVEY / AULT / McILROY / SIMPSON / BUCHER / JAMES STORY.
The title has been expanded to include the families into which the children of Robert White and Hill Hillis married, as well as showing the circumstances of how Joseph Simpson and Miss McIlroy met were very similar to those of Hill Hillis and his wife - different counties but close neighbours.

HILLIS AND McKEOWN.(DAVEY, WHITE, McILROY, AULT.)

Glenone
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Glenone (from Irish: Cluain Eoghain, meaning "Eoghan's meadow")[1] is a small village and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 318. It is within the Magherafelt District Council area.
Portglenone lies a short distance across the Lower River Bann (to the east) and Inishrush is a short distance to the west.

Who would have guessed that Glenone Avenue at Melway 159 F9 was the name of a village in Northern Ireland? It was probably chosen for the name rather than Portglenone, where Hill Hillis and Sarah McKeown were married, because it was shorter.

In 1919 William McKeown was assessed on 23 acres and orchard, crown allotment 2, section E, Dromana. Little did the rate collector suspect that a know-all called itellya would find that crown allotment 2 consisted only of 12 acres 3 roods and 24 perches! Crown allotment 1, on which Glenone Ave. is situated, consisted of 9 a. 2 r. 16 p., was the only nearby block that could make a total of 23 acres (23 a. 2 r. 0 p.)
Arthur John McKeown had 66.5 acres on the other (east) side of Towerhill Rd in section D. His land today includes Maud St and the Shaw McKeown Reserve; Maud McKeown married Archibald Vine Shaw.
That's the end of the story and now with the help of Stephen Lynch's PENINSULA PIONEERS, we'll go back to the start.

Hill Hillis and Sarah McKeown, both children of farmers, were born on either side of the Londonderry-Antrim* border in the Irish province of Ulster. Hill was born about 1817 in County Antrim. Sarah McKeown was born about 1922 in INISHRUSH, a small country village in County Londonderry two miles east of the border town of PORTGLENONE where Hill and Sarah were married on 12-3-1846 at the First Presbyterian Church. Hill and Sarah with their children, Mary, Margaret and William, left Ireland in 1854 to escape a famine caused by potato blight which had killed over a million people and forced double that number to emigrate.

They left Plymouth aboard the S.S. OITHONA on 21-10-1854 and arrived at Portland, Victoria on 3-1-1855. Hill and Sarah settled at Belfast (Port Fairy) where Sarah (1857) and Elizabeth (1859) were born. Sarah's brother, James McKeown,had travelled from Warrnambool to Red Hill in 1862 to select 215 acres and returned to marry Catherine Townsend Hill. It is likely that Hill and Sarah accompanied the newlyweds on their trip to Red Hill because their last child, Hadassah was born in (the parish of) Banarring in 1864.

The 215 acre selection was 73AB, Balnarring, on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd from a point opposite the Sheehans Rd corner east to Poffs. Their neighbours across the road in the parish of Kangerong, such as The Wisemans and Arkwells, had been paying rates to the Kangerong Road Board since 1864 but settlers in the parish of Balnarring (south and east of the thoroughfare now called Arthurs Seat and Red Hill Rds) paid no rates-and suffered deplorable tracks instead of roads. Having a gutful of this, they formed the Flinders Road Board which levied its first rates in 1869.

Unlike Kangerong, and the shire formed by the merger of the two road districts in 1874, the Flinders Road Board listed its ratepayers geographically rather than alphabetically, and this made it clear that Hill Hillis had 50 acres that adjoined James McKeown's 165 acres, both being on James McKeown's 215 acres for which he later received the grants (having bought them from the Crown.)

The children of Hill and Sarah McKeown and marriage year/spouses are listed below. All children of each marriage, and their years of birth, are given in Stephen Lynch's excellent PENINSULA PIONEERS, which inspired this journal.

Mary Anne (1846-1920) married James Davey (1845-1911)in 1871.
Margaret (1851-1888) married Blooming Bob White (1849-930) in 1877.
William James (1854-1924) married Annie Ault (1858-1919) in 1878.
Sarah (1857-1898) married Joseph McIlroy (1852-1935) in 1877.
Elizabeth (1859-1921) married William McIlroy (1859-1937) in 1878.
Hadassah (1864-1927) married Blooming Bob White in 1899, their only child being Vera, Stephen Lynch's paternal grandmother.


SIMPSON AND McILROY.
* This extract from my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal illustrates how the Simpsons were indirectly related to the other families, Joseph marrying a member of the McIlroy family as did two of the Hillis girls, AND how (like Hill and Sarah Hillis) a lad and a lass could live in different counties and still be close neighbours, an ingredient in the recipe for most marriages until depressions, war service and common car ownership changed the pattern.

William McIlroy , a farmer and flax merchant of Littlebridge* , County Londonderry, Ireland, sold his property in 1859 and emigrated in 1860. My journal about Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL tells of how William twice raised the money to bring his family out and also explains why his eldest son, William John, called his McIlroys Rd farm LITTLEBRIDGE. On 13-9-1861, Margaret Jane and the six McIlroy children sailed from Liverpool in the Donald McKay , arriving on 7-12-1861.

Robert and Margaret Simpson, also had a farm and flax mill in County Tyrone. (The boundary between the two counties is obviously a stream which ran the flax mill as the McIlroy and Simpson farms were two miles apart, as they later were at Red Hill.) Two of their sons, Thomas James and Joseph were born in Kingsmill, Joseph on 26-11-1837. During the gold rush to New Zealand in about 1868 they migrated there. After a while Joseph went to Melbourne and contacted the McIlroys who had been close neighbours in Ireland. On 8-10-1870, he married Mary Ann McIlroy, who was born in 1849, at the Presbyterian church in Richmond.

*My efforts to find Littlebridge and Kingsmill on one map were unsuccessful. However I believe that the boundary between them was the Blackwater River and that Kingsmill might have been renamed as Windmills. Kingsbridge and Windmills combined to form a team in the Gaelic Athletic Association, the only known instance of a club's catchment area straddling county boundaries.

ROBERT WHITE (FATHER OF BLOOMING BOB WHITE b.1849 AND GRANDFATHER OF BULLOCKY BOB WHITE b. circa 1860.
Robert White (1804-1881), only child of Henry White and Margaret (nee Cairns) was born on 31-8 1804 in Menstrie* (or Menstry), Clackmannanshire, Scotland.
*Menstrie Mains, the farm after which Alexander Cairns named his grant on the north west corner of Browns and Boneo Rds at Boneo, was just south of the village of Menstrie.)

Robert married Elizabeth Russell on 20-5-1829 and they had seven children but the last died soon after her birth in 1850, as did her mother. In 1859, Robert brought his three youngest surviving children to Victoria, Janet (b.1839), Ann (b. 1842) and Robert (b.1849.) They arrived aboard the John Lynn on 25-6-1859 and probably went straight to the Cairns brothers' Little Scotland on the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds at Boneo.

In 1860, Janet gave birth at Boneo to a boy whose name was written on his birth certificate as Robert White. Later Janet married Charles James and the boy was brought up as Robert James but when he discovered his birth name he reverted to using it and was referred to as Bullocky Bob White. He died in 1941.

Charles James died in 1907 (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-2-1907). Janet, called Granny James in ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, had her first ride on a train at the age of 80, probably to move to Oakleigh where she died. Both Charles and Janet were buried at Dromana.
JAMES Charles� photo 23/01/1907 84
JAMES Janet photo 5/11/1921 90 (Age is wrong. She was born in 1939.)

Ann married Henry Bucher in 1866 and started a dynasty in Rosebud that is still well represented in the area. Rose Ann, delivered on 8-9-1867 by midwife Susan Peatey, is thought to have been the first white girl born in Rosebud. There is plenty of information about the couple and their descendants in tonkin's journals, such Henry's first, but never-used, first name being Arthur.

Robert White (b.1849) was only about 11 years old when his sister, Janet gave birth to Bullocky Bob White at Boneo. The family had probably gone to Little Scotland soon after their arrival; Robert White was rated on a hut leased from Cairns Bros. in the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment in 1864. The boy became a bullocky but because he refused to swear, he substituted BLOOMING as an alternative and became known as BLOOMING BOB WHITE.

His father bought the second Rosebud Fishing Village block east of the Jetty Rd extension in 1873 and probably crown allotment 18 Wannaeue in 1875. This land was between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd extending south to today's Eastbourne Rd. In 1881 Robert died at Menstry Hill, Rosebud, most likely the core of 19 Mitchell St which sits atop a knoll. Blooming Bob White, now 31 would have taken over ownership then if he had not already done so. His first wife, Margaret, died in 1888, and having three children aged about 9,7 and 3, he sold 18A and moved to Annie Moore's 27 acre "Glenferrie" at the north corner of White Hill Rd and McIlroys Rd in Red Hill where he could get some mothering for his children from female relatives such as Hadassah Hillis, whom he married in 1899.In 1914 Blooming Bob White and Hadassah moved to Crib Point where they died in 1930 and 1927 respectively.

OBITUARY.
MR. JAMES DAVEY.
It is with regret we have to chronicle the death, at the age of 56,of Mr James Davey, a respected resident of long standing at Frankston, which occurred at Melbourne on Friday last, Mr Davey, though years ago a sufferer on account of ill-health, had recently been exceptionally well, but an attack of cerebral hemorrhage about a fortnight ago necessitated him entering a hospital, and though he rallied somewhat, the attack proved fatal, as stated above.
The deceased gentleman, who had been living in St. Kilda for the past couple of years, was born at Gardiner's Creek, Victoria, but lived the greater part of his life at Davey's Bay, Frankston. He was the second eldest son of Mr Jas. Davey, one of the pioneers of this district, and after whom Davey's Bay was called. For some time the deceased gentleman lived at Red Hill, but the greater part of his life was passed at "Marysville," Davey's Bay, Frankston, erected by his father, Mr Jas. Davey, in 1851. Some interesting facts surround "Marysville," which was built at a cost of £2000, on elaborate lines, the slates and timber being brought over from Tasmania. In the early days "Marysville" was the mansion if the district. The old homestead was dis-mantled a few years ago by Mr A. H.Sargood, who purchased the land and erected a magnificent residence thereon,shortly after which Mr Davey moved to St. Kilda,after having spent about 40 years in the district. The deceased leaves a widow and family of six boys and four girls to mourn their loss. One of the sons, Mr Len Davey, is a resident of Mount Eliza, the others, as they have grown up, having removed to various parts. The funeral took place on Monday at the Kew Cemetery, the burial service being read by the Rev. Mr Rowells, of East Melbourne.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 4-11-1911.)

James Davey's grants near Red Hill were:
Forest Lodge, 23AB Kangerong, Melway 161F-G 11-12;
Seven Oaks, 79A, Balnarring, 161 J 11-12, from Craig Avon Lane south to Kentucky Rd corner.
c/a 28A, section B, Wannaeue, 190B 5-6 fronting Main Creek and William Rds, 158 acres 2 roods and 7 perches later divided into three 53 acre farms by Bullocky Bob White who received the grant for 27A1 immediately to the south under the name of Robert James.

The Davey Kannanuke* pre-emptive right was between Old Mornington Rd and Port Phillip Bay south to Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd.
(*As Kananook was written in early days.)


HENRY AULT. (Photo, P.160, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
Back in 2011, I made a rather daring assumption that Henry Ault of Red Hill had died in Lakes Entrance, based solely on devotion to the Methodist Church. Last night I thought I was wrong when I discovered that he'd moved to Cunningham but after an hour of trying to locate this place, I discovered that it was the original name for Lakes Entrance. Phew!

Annie Ault who married William Hillis was Henry's only sister. Henry Ault had married a Hopcraft girl. Henry was on Pitcher's 71B, Balnarring at Melway 190 E-F 5-6. his father-in-law's grants fronted the east side of the northern end of Tucks Rd, Annie's husband, William Hillis, was on 23AB Wannaeue just west of 190A 5-6, James Davey was on 28A Wannaeue at 190 B5-6, Bullocky Bob White had 27A1 Wannaeue at 190 A-B 7-8 with John Hopcraft between him and Mornington-Flinders Rd. Quite an enclave!

The White/Hillis/McIlroy/Simpson connection was strung out along McIlroys and Red Hill Rds from Blooming Bob White's "Glenferrie" at 160 K11 to 191 A8.

Extract from my Dromana,Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
THE AULTS AND THE METHODIST CHURCH. Henry William Ault seems to have been a lay preacher in the Methodist Church. He was listed in Wises Dromana trades directory of 1895 as a carpenter. He had lived for many years in Lakes Entrance when he died on 14-11-1934, having remained a stalwart of the church. (Gippsland Times 19-11-1934 page 1.) Harry Ault of Sale had an important task as an engineer in W.W.2. H.J. Ault moved to Mile End in South Australia and named his house Dromana.

Henry William Ault was, by 1875, leasing Joseph Pitchers grant, 72B, Balnarring, of 140 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, at Red Hill. By 1887 he appears to have purchased the block, fronting the east side of Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 E-F5) and now occupied by Mock Orchards. The end of Pardalote Rise indicates its south east corner. (Balnarring parish map, Flinders and Kangerong Shire rates.)

The Dromana Methodist church was built by Brother Ault in May and June 1878 and Henry was an original trustee, along with Rev. Lindsay, John Coles, Edward Barker, Alexander Shand, C.D.Gunson and William McIlroy. (A Dreamtime of Dromana page 124.)

'ENRY'S 'EADING OFF!
DROMANA.
On Wednesday evening, January 27th, a representative meeting was held in the Methodist Church, under the auspices of the Mission Station and the local Rechabite Tent, to bid farewell to Mr H. W. Ault and his daughter, who are leaving Dromana to reside at Cunningham. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-2-1904.)

MR HENRY AULT.
The friends of Mr. William Henry Ault, senior, will regret to hear that he passed away at his home, Lakes Entrance, on Wednesday last. Mr.Ault, who had been a resident of Lakes Entrance for very many years,was noted for his intense interest in nature study. He was quite an authority on the flora and fauna of the district. He maintained his interest up to the time he was forced to take to his bed some months ago. The Methodist Church also claimed much of his attention. He was a most conscientious worker in this cause, and for long his figure was a familiar object to residents of Lakes Entrance, as he made his way to the church Sunday after Sunday.(P.1, Gippsland Times.)

William Henry Ault
Born in Weeford, Staffordshire, England on 26 Jul 1818 to Joseph Ault and Frances Wilkes. William Henry married Hephzibah Mary Webb and had 6 children. He passed away on 17 Jul 1889 in Painswick, Victoria, Australia.
Family Members
Parents Joseph Ault Frances Wilkes
Spouse(s) Hephzibah Mary Webb 1822-1867
Children Henry William Ault 1845-1934, Edwin Ault 1848-Unknown,
Joseph Albert Ault 1852-1933, Alfred Ault 1853-Unknown,
Annie Elizabeth Ault 1858-1919, Herbert John Ault 1867-1869
Annie Elizabeth Ault
Born in Chinamans Flat on 1858 to William Henry Ault and Hephzibah Mary Webb. Annie Elizabeth married William Herbert Hillis (and had a child*). She passed away on 16 Apr 1919 in Trafalgar, Victoria, Australia.
*Ancestry.com expects you to pay for such information! Stephen Lynch's PENINSULA PIONEERS lists their children and birth years as:
William 1879, Hephzibah 1881, Evelyn 1883, Joseph 1886 (died in W.W.1), George 1888, Henry 1891 (served in W.W.1), Stanley 1894 (died in W.W.1), Ann 1896.

THE AULT AND HILLIS MOVE TO GIPPSLAND.
Helen Elizabeth Hopcraft
Born in Boarstall, Buckinghamshire, England on 1852 to William Hopcraft and Mary Holtam. Helen Elizabeth married Henry William Ault and had 8 children. She passed away on 15 Oct 1891 in Arthurs Seat.
Family Members
Parents William Hopcraft 1824-1914 Mary Holtam 1827-1891
Spouse(s) Henry William Ault 1845-1934
Children William Henry Ault 1878-1929, Edwin Ault 1880-1951,
Joseph Albert Ault 1881-1882, Ernest William Ault 1883-1951,
Hephzibah Mary Ault 1885-1962, Herbert John Ault 1886-1965,
Coral Ault 1888-1891,Anne Helen Ault 1891-1964.

The marriage extends the connections between families in the title to Robert Henry Adams, who married Helen's sister and if I remember correctly the Sawyers and through Fred's Sawyer's marriage to a Hopcraft girl, the Prossers and Renoufs and Jonah Griffith of Dromana.
It seems as if Coral and Anne were twins and that the effort of producing two for the price of one led to their mother's death. After her death, Henry's life would have revolved around raising his motherless children. Hephzibah was only six when Helen died, so my guess is that Henry's sister Annie (Mrs William Hillis) played a great part in raising his children, in the same way as Blooming Bob White's second wife had helped raise her deceased sister's children before tying the knot.

The name of William Hillis had disappeared from Shire of Flinders and Kangerong ratebooks between the assessments of 1902 and 1903. He and Annie had moved away.This no doubt prompted Henry Ault's move to Cunningham (Lakes Entrance) in 1904.

FROM MY JOURNAL 'DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL".
Today, I traced the Ringrose grant year by year and these are my findings.
All entries relate to 60 acres of land in Kangerong. (Melway 190 K1 roughly.)
2-9-1865. 1-9-1866. 1-9-1867. Ringrose (surname only) was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong, a house being first mentioned in 1867 but probably there all the time.
5-9-1868. The given name, Brian, is recorded for the first time . The house had one room.
4-9-1869. The given name was altered with a stroke (/) to turn i into y. The house is not mentioned.
3-9-1870. There are no assessment numbers but the person to be rated is recorded as Bryan Ringrose.
2-9-1871. No Ass. No. After Bryan Ringrose's name that of William Hillas (sic) is written in inverted commas, probably indicating that William Hillis was leasing the 60 acres. William Hillis was not assessed on any other land.
7-9-1872. No Ringrose. No assessment numbers. William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres under H. One would assume that he had bought the land but with these rate collectors it is dangerous to assume anything.
6-9-1873. No Ass.No. Under H, William J.Hillis is crossed out and Francis Hirst is written above it. The owner's name, Ringrose, is not forgotten as it was in 1872.
5-9-1874, 2-10-1875, 15-9-1876. Under H, Francis Hirst was assessed each time with the owner being, respectively: Ringrose, Bryan Ringrose and Blank! Had it been sold this time?
14-9-1877. No listing under H (Hirst) or R (Ringrove). Look at every assessment in Centre Riding for 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose in "Owner" column. Job Sherwood was leasing the 60 acres from B.Ringrose.
27-7-1878. Job Sherwood still leasing from B.Ringrose. N.A.V. was 14 pounds. (I hadn't checked it previously but I did notice it had been 10 pounds earlier on.)
24-7-1879. Nothing under S. Nothing under R. Look through all centre riding assessments. Under D, Charles Daniel was recorded as leasing from B.Ringrose.
31-7-1880, 30-7-1881. Nothing under D. Check whole of centre riding again for 60 ac K or Ringrose in owner column. The property had been forgotten (see ASSESSMENTS entry) and at the very end it was noted, without an assessment number, that what looked like John Gawin was leasing from B.Ringrose. The 1881 entry was clearly John Galvin and he was a labourer but the owner column was blank. Had Galvin bought 18B Kangerong?
29-7-1882, 21-7-1883.(A.N. 276 and 275/150, in shire, in riding.) Occupant column blank but Bryan Ringrose was listed as the owner in both years. The 83-4 rates were paid by Mr Ellis on 26-5-1884. I think we can assume that Ellis meant Hillis.
19-7-1884. (Nothing near previous assessment numbers.) Check whole riding for 60 acres K or Ringrose in owner column. (A.N. 110.) William Kemp, orchardist, was leasing from B.Ringrose.
20-7-1885. Not one Kangerong property of 60 acres was listed. No Ringrose in owner column. This looks like it!
17-7-1886. I wrote nothing so the result must have been the same as for 1885.
16-7-1887. Between Rudduck (157) and Segrave (158) but with no assessment number or occupier name, Ringrose was listed as the owner. The rates were paid by Hillas (sic.)
Blank July, 1888. A.N.28. Ringrose in owner column.
Blank July, 1889. No 60 acres Kangerong assessed. Had it been absorbed into a large landholding or had the rate collector forgotten the property again? Hardly any entries in the owner column and no sign of Ringrose.
Blank July 1990. No 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose. A retrospective examination re William Hillis made sense of a baffling entry in 1891. In 1890, William Hillis was assessed on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong; to the left of this description, in tiny numerals, 60 was written above 213 (A.N. 98.) One would assume that this meant 60 acres in Wannaeue and 213 acres in Kangerong but as I said before, with these rate collectors don't assume anything.
William Hillis was granted 23A Wannaeue on 12-11-1888 and 23B Wannaeue on 10-12-1885. The first consisted of 59 acres 3 roods and 34 perches and is roughly indicated by Melway 171 H, part J-6. The second consisted of 153 acres o roods and 36 perches and is indicated by 171 pt.J, and K, 5-6. With 40 perches making a rood and 4 roods making an acre, the total of these two allotments is 213 acres and 30 perches. Therefore the 60 acre block was in Kangerong. Segrave's 60 acres were in Flinders and the only other 60 acre block, apart from Bryan Ringrose's 18B Kangerong, was Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" but this had become 233 acres years earlier.Therefore the land on which William Hillis was assessed in 1890 should read: 60 acres, 18B Kangerong and 213 acres, 23 AB Wannaeue.
Blank July, 1991. William Hillas (sic) was assessed on 60 acres Wannaeue and Kangerong. Perhaps William had mortgaged his grants or they may have been sequestered so he only had Bryan Ringrose's grant but because the rate collector wasn't sure whether the 60 or the 213 acre land was in Wannaeue, he kept the Wannaeue and Kangerong tag.
Blank July 1992. William Hillis could have had 60 acres Kangerong (preceded by an ink blot that looked a bit like a one or 160 acres.
If our Bryan Ringrose was disfigured and not often seen in public, it seems that William Hillis was one of his few friends. The following is being placed here rather than in the HILLIS entry so that it can be seen in context regarding the information from the rate books.

Bruce Bennett states on page 22 of THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE:
William Hillas (sic) owned land on the corner of Wilsons and Main Creek Rd (i.e. 23 AB Wannaeue) and 27* acres on the top of White Hill including Watermill Farm. He was named as a butcher in the 1884 rates and appears to have been Red Hill's first butcher.
(*Postscript. This sounds exactly like "Glenferrie" and he would have been leasing it from John and Annie Moore. It was later bought by Blooming Bob White who retained the Moores' name for the farm.)

While reading an extract from Joseph McIlroy's diary on page 19 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, where Joseph mentioned staying the night at Mr Hillis's place while bringing a steer back from Frankston on 9-3-1881, I was thinking of the Wannaeue land and presumed that for some reason he had travelled via Eaton's Cutting. Now it is pretty clear that he had travelled up White Hill Rd from Moat's Corner and stopped near the McIlroys Rd corner. William Hillis may have been leasing S.P.Calder's much later grant. He could not have been on Bryan's 18B because John Galvin seems to have been there from July 1880 to July 1882.

The 30-9-1899 assessment shows that William Hillis only had two lots in the railway estate, the triangular CROWN ALLOTMENT 13, SECTION 1 KANGERONG bounded by Palmerston Ave., Jetty Rd and Boundary Rd, in Dromana. He wouldn't be leaving much behind when he moved to Trafalgar, which he seems to have already done.

The 1890's saw a depression that caused many farmers to walk off their farms, unable to repay mortgages. Many Peninsula lads moved to Western Australia which was not affected because of its gold rush. William Hillis Jnr, born in 1879, was now 18 and unlikely to get a job as the shire's rate collector, so it must have been his father who applied for the job in 1897. William JAMES Hillis (the second given name obviously discovered from rate records) was rated on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong in 1889 but only 60 acres Kangerong in 1890, so he had either sold 23AB or lost it due to insolvency.

Flinders and Kangerong shire. Correspondence
From William Hillis, junior, Red Hill, making application for the position of rate collector for the shire. Received.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 30-9-1997.)

The following indicates that William was in the process of moving into Trafalgar and that his second name is wrongly given in the genealogy as Herbert. It would be far more likely to be James, from the name of his mother's brother, James McKeown.

NARRACAN SHIRE. CORRESPONDENCE.
From W. J. Hillis, Trafalgar South,offering to remove logs and repair culvert on road below Miller's for £2.
-Cr. Crisp explained that the work was on Kitchener's block, and Mr. Hillis was anxious to get his furniture into his home. He was a very straightforward man, and had made the Council a very reasonable offer which he (Cr. Crisp) thought should be accepted.-Agreed to.(P.7, West Gippsland Gazette, 15-11-1898.)
Hillis and Ault were undertaking many contracts for Narracan Shire by 1901.

RED HILL REMAINED THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH or to put it another way friendships made there were very dear to both the Hillis and Ault families. How else would a Trafalgar lad have met an Ascot Vale girl or a Surrey Hills lad a Lakes Entrance girl?

HILLIS- WISEMAN.---On the 1st November, at the Presbyterian Church, Dandenong, by the Rev.H. A. Buntine, George P., third son of W. J. Hillis,Trafalgar, to Ethel D., only daughter of the late James Wiseman, Ascot Vale, and sister of T.B Wiseman, Bass.(P.59, Leader, 8-12-1917.)

William Hillis was the son of Hill Hillis who had married James McKeown's sister. Hill and James settled together at Melway 190 G-J 4-6, their farms of 50 and 165 acres eventually being granted to James (73AB Balnarring.) James Wiseman settled across the road on 11AB Kangerong (between Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane) in 1863. The end of White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner is still referred to as Wiseman's Deviation by longtime Red Hill residents. The friendship that resulted in the above marriage began in the first half of the 1860's.
HOLMES-AULT.
Would you believe that I can't find the marriage notice despite being able to remember almost every word in it. George, son of Mr A.Holmes of Surrey Hills had married a daughter of Edwin Ault of Lakes Entrance.

This would be the bride.
Emma Holmes (Ault)
Birthdate: December 7, 1917
Death: Died February 7, 1995
Immediate Family:
Wife of George Holmes.

Henry Ault had left the Dromana area in 1904, probably having sold all or part of 72B Balnarring to Mr Russ. CHECK! Henry Ault had sold it to Hosking by 1891.
Portion of Simpson entry in my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal.
"On 6-4-1891, Fred (Simpson) started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him.
.
Getting back to the marriage notice, it had excited me because of a mystery posed by W.J. Holmes' history of Red Hill. Who was the uncle at Box Hill that taught W.J.Holmes' brother the knowledge needed by an orchardist soon after they arrived at Red Hill in 1900 about four years before Henry Ault's departure?

If A.Holmes of Surrey Hills was perhaps Alfred, a brother of William Alfred Holmes who took his family to Red Hill in 1900, he might have met Henry Ault's family before their departure.However, the acquaintance might have gone back to the Sheehan family's purchase of James McKeown's grants (just east of Henry Ault's 72B Balnarring) circa 1885. N.B. THERE IS NO PROOF THAT A. HOLMES AND HIS SON, GEORGE, WERE RELATED TO THE RED HILL FAMILY. However, how else would George have met his bride?

My failure to find the wedding notice was compensated by finding Edwin Ault's parquetry plaque which combined his father's carpentry skills and love of nature mentioned in the 1934 obituary.
Parquetry - Plaque, Edwin Ault, 1900-1950 - Museum Victoria
museumvictoria.com.au/.../items/.../parquetry-plaque-edwin-ault-1900-195...
Summary
Rectangular plaque with top right corner splayed probably made of Kauri Pine (agathis robusta) (pinaceae) inlay includes Native Cherry (exocarpus cupressiformis) (santalaceae) for base and Blackwood (acacia melanoxylon) (leguminosae) plus Coast Banksia (banksia integrifolia) (proteaceae) for flowers. Made by Edwin Ault within the period 1900-1950.
Edwin Ault was raised in Dromana, Victoria and was a first generation immigrant from Staffordshire, UK. Edwin worked as a motor mechanic and also spent a period fixing jetties.
Edwin's love for wood work was shared by his family. His father, H.W Ault, possessed a strong interest in wood and plants, and Edwin's brother, Ernest Ault, was a builder, joiner and woodworker. Edwin was keen to share his passion for his craft and would often show family members and friends how to do woodwork. It has been suggested by family members that Edwin's wife made some of the woodwork objects in their home, including for instance, some bread boards.
In 1912, at age 32, Edwin met and married his wife (Emma Hermine Ault nee Wilhelm). They lived in Lakes Entrance (initially known as Cunningham), where they raised their children. Recurrent motifs in Edwin's work including, for instance, the greenhood orchid, reflect the indigenous and introduced flora which grew in the locality of his property in Lakes Entrance. Edwin's work, whilst highly decorative in its detailed representation of plants, was also designed to serve functional purposes. Egg cups, carving boards and book ends were used by his family on an every-day basis, and are still remembered fondly by Edwin's grandchildren.
In his work, Edwin favoured a free form approach. He respected the original form of the wood and would shape it according to its natural pattern and form. It is believed that some of his pieces, including for instance, one of his picture frames, is made of drift wood. Edwin would air-dry his wood, or sometimes season it by placing it in crayfish pots, and steeping it in river and sea water. It is significant that Edwin's work utilises functional elements such as bolts and screws, reflecting his background in engineering. Edwin's work, with its intricate depictions of indigenous Australian and introduced plants, and its highly functional elements drawn from engineering practice, can provide valuable insight into the Australian arts and crafts movement and the lifestyle of Victorian families of the time.
Physical Description
Finished with a wax (possibly beeswax).
More Information
Collecting AreasSustainable Futures
Acquisition InformationDonation from Ms Helen Hallett, 12/1980
MakerEdwin Ault, Victoria, Australia, 1900-1950
ClassificationEconomic botany, Timber products
CategoryHistory & Technology
DisciplineTechnology
Type of itemObject
Overall Dimensions 250 mm (Length), 210 mm (Width), 15 mm (Height)
KeywordsAustralian Timbers, Legume or Pea Family (Leguminosae or Fabaceae), Legumes & Pulses, Parquetry, Pine Family (Pinaceae), Protea Family (Proteaceae), Sandalwood Family (Santalaceae), Woodworking