itellya on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
MICHAEL CLANCY, PIONEER OF THE AVONDALE HEIGHTS AREA, VIC., AUST.) WAS NOT A LIAR BUT INCORRECT HISTORY SAYS HE WAS.
I have been researching Michael Clancy since about 1990* but mainly in connection with Solomon's Ford, and never got around to details of his family except for articles about the drowning of a son (most likely wrongly stated as being at Solomon's ford) and the destruction of a house by fire. Before I get into the genealogy, I will present the information that seems to indicate that Michael Clancy and one of his daughters were liars.
(* The information about Michael and closed roads below comes from his entry in my handwritten DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND which also shows Michael's Braybrook Township blocks through which his ford was accessed. The source of my information was a typed copy of the closed roads inquiry produced by the defunct Sydenham Historical Society whose material was in the custody of the Keilor Historical Society.The Shire of Keilor later bought part of his land to provide legal access to the ford but I have not yet rediscovered this trove article.)
The Heritage Council has made official Valentine Jones' incorrect conclusion that the rock ford at Melway 27 B8 was Solomon's ford but an examination of the map obtained with a google search for BRAYBROOK TOWNSHIP, REID, 1855 will show that this ford did not exist in 1855 so it couldn't have been Grimes' Rocks of 1803 or the circa 1836 crossing place which was south of 5 Brentwood Drive (as shown by comparison of the 1855 map and Google satellite views.) Google, based on the Heritage Council of Victoria's blind acceptance of numerous heritage consultants' blind acceptance of Valentine Jones' wrong assumptions, has changed the label of the "rock ford" at 27 B8 to SOLOMONS FORD, turning myth into accepted fact. A desired outcome of this journal is that the ford at Melway 27 B8 will be officially named CLANCY'S FORD to honour the man who built it.
Canning Street Ford - VHD - Heritage Council of Victoria
HO109(2) - Solomons Ford, Braybrook. ... The Canning Street Ford is of local historical significance as one of the first crossing places of the Maribyrnong River ...
Michael Clancy’s evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald’s properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy’s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim’s crops. Derham had Clancy’s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade.
The above snippets from Michael's evidence came from a verbatim record obtained by the Sydenham Historical Society. The following article is less detailed but indicates that Michael's boundaries had been changed and a road (probably North Road as shown in Reid's 1855 map) had been closed, probably so Canning St could be extended to the Braybrook ford, as Clancy's ford was originally called. Mr Robinson must have been leasing James Robertson's Upper Keilor.
CLOSED ROADS COMMISSION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 18 July 1879 p 3 Article
The late Mrs. Whelan was born at Braybrook where her father was a farmer. She had lived at Williamson\'s Road, Maribyrnong, for seventy years. In the early days her mother was afraid of the blacks who were hostile. Mrs. Whelan remembered when the blacks used to hold corroborees at the spot where Moonee Ponds town hall now stands. Her father, the late Mr. Clancy, first built the ford over the Maribyrnong River known as Clancy\'s Ford. The late Mrs Whelan had eleven children, twenty-five grandchildren and thirty-two great grand-children.The funeral took place to Footscray Cemetery on Monday. (P.2, Sunshine Advocate, 24-10-1952.)
(POSTSCRIPT. MRS WHELAN WAS MARGARET. HER HUSBAND WAS PATRICK WHELAN.
My branch of the family descends from Adam and Mary's second son, Patrick Whelan. In 1884 Patrick married Margaret Clancy at St Mary's Catholic Church in West Melbourne; both were in their mid-twenties. Margaret was a daughter of Michael Clancy and Margaret Scanlan, who migrated to Melbourne from Spiddle near the town of Galway, Ireland, in about 1857. Margaret was apparently the first white woman born in the area of Keilor Plains, then very much bushland and now suburban Melbourne's Avondale Heights, on the banks of the Maribyrnong River.)
EMAIL TO VICTORIAN HERITAGE COUNCIL. (COPY SENT TO VICTORIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY.)
I hope all of your heritage sites do not share the same sort of inaccurate conclusions found in the claims by Melbourne, Brimbank, Moonee Valley and Maribyrnong council heritage studies that Michael Clancy's ford at Melway 27 B8, probably built in the 1870's, was the first crossing place over the Saltwater River circa 1836 and the place where Charles Grimes' progress by boat up the Maribyrnong was halted by rocks in 1803.
The facts about Robin Hood and King Arthur are so distorted by myths that their true stories cannot be determined and the same has already happened to the truth about Solomon's Ford, with Clancy's rock ford at the aforementioned site now labelled as Solomon's ford on google maps.
What's the point of hard earned tax and rate payments being spent on heritage studies if they serve only to obscure fact by the addition of myths perpetuated until they become accepted as fact?
There is an early Braybrook Township map that those who declare Clancy's ford as being not only Solomon's ford but also Grimes' rocks of 1803 have obviously not seen. The meandering track south of the ford has been found (where undisturbed or not concealed) on the google satellite map. Gary Vines, a professional historian since 1989 or earlier, agrees that my conclusions are probably correct.
I'd like you to at least examine my journal. Until I discovered the 1855 map* I'd also taken Valentine Jones' conclusions as gospel!
* THE MAP.
Township of Braybrook [cartographic material] - National Library of ...
This has proven a difficult undertaking due to there being few family notices and birth records on Victorian BDM.
I had to make sure I had the right Michael Clancy so I started with trove.
CLANCY— DONOVAN.— On the 16th June, at St.Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, West Warburton, by Rev. Father Bakker, John Ambrose, youngest son of the late Michael and Margaret Clancy, of Braybrook, to Mary A. Dorothea (Minnie), youngest daughter of the late Charles and Mary Donovan, of Millgrove. (P.60, Leader, 26-7-1913.)
John's birth record will reveal his mother's maiden name and where his birth was registered.
EventBirth Event registration number3458 Registration year1872
Family nameCLANCY Given namesJohn SexUnknown Father's nameMichael Mother's nameMargaret (Scanlan) Place of birthMAID
Maidstone was nearer to Melbourne, and had a larger population so was more likely to have a registrar than the North Braybrook Township, sparsely settled because of Derham's tactics. However locality names were fairly fluid in those days and the locality of Maidstone may have included the old Braybrook Township as well as places like Hampstead and Albion.
OTHER CHILDREN OF MICHAEL AND MARGARET.
EventBirth Event registration number23156 Registration year1869
Family nameCLANCY Given namesKate SexUnknown Father's nameMichael Mother's nameMargret (Scanlan) Place of birthMAIDSTONE
I can't find the births of any other children to Michael and Margaret on Victorian BDM or Michael and Margaret's marriage record. It seems certain that John Ambrose Clancy was not only their last son but also the last child because Margaret died in 1872, the year of John's birth. Unfortunately, the place of death is not stated on her death record.
EventDeath Event registration number770 Registration year1872
Family nameCLANCY Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's nameScanlon James Mother's nameBridget (Curran) Place of birthGALW Place of death Age40 Spouse's family nameCLANCY Spouse's given namesMichael
I'd run out of family notices that could produce a lead to a BDM record so I tried "CLANCY,SOLOMON'S FORD". Here's the house fire mentioned at the start of the journal.
FIRE AT FOOTSCRAY.
A fire occurred on premises occupied by Peter Clancy, Solomon's Ford, near Braybrook, yesterday morning, at 1 o'clock. Tho Footscray and Braybrook brigades were soon on the spot, but there being no water available the house, which was a four-roomed weatherboard one, was burned to the ground. It is not known whether the house was insured or not. The fire was observed by tho lookout man at the central station.(P.8, The Age, 17-4-1897.)
Dropping the quotation marks from the search, I found a second article about the fire which revealed that PETER CLANCY actually owned the house and the occupant was Pridham who was assessed on property in NORTH BRAYBROOK TOWNSHIP (south of Clarendon St, Avondale Heights) by the shire of Keilor in 1900. (I also found the article ABOUT THE DROWNING which will be inserted after Peter's death record.) If the reporters differed on such details, they would have had no idea which of the three fords was near the house. By that time, Solomon's ford was at the end of North Road. The ford should have been described as the Braybrook ford or Clancy's ford.
FIRE AT BRAYBROOK.
About 2 o'clock a.m. on Friday morning the look-out man at the Melbourne station gave the alarm of a fire at Braybrook. The local and Footscray brigades were soon on the ground, but as no water was available the premises were consumed. The locality was near Solomon's Ford on the Saltwater River, but at some distance up to the hill.
The house was one of four rooms, built of wood, owned by P. Clancy, but let to Mr.Pridham, butcher. It was not known whether any insurance was on the building or contents.(P.9, Argus, 17-4-1897.)
PETER'S DEATH RECORD.
EventDeath Event registration number15310 Registration year1919
Family nameCLANCY Given namesPeter SexUnknown Father's nameClancy Michl Mother's nameMargt (Scanlon) Place of birth Place of deathWarburton Age64
Peter had probably moved to the Warburton area to live with or near his younger brother, John Ambrose.
The reporter who wrote this article about the drowning described the location as near Solomon's Ford. Solomon's Ford had been at the end of North Road for a decade or more and the ford at Grimes' Rocks had probably disappeared from memory, at least the fact that it had been called Solomon's Ford by such as Alexander Thompson in January 1837. As in the second article about the fire, this writer might have covered his uncertainty about which ford was Solomon's Ford by stating that they were crossing NEAR Solomon's Ford which could mean Grimes' Rocks which had tracks leading south in the 1855 map, Clancy's Ford which might have been only partly built in 1870 or the second Solomon's Ford, a considerable distance north. As an employee at Derham was also drowned, they were most likely crossing the river to the south at Grimes' Rocks or Clancy's Ford (if it had been started!) The river may have been in flood and far too deep to cross without using a ford. There is no proof that the river was in flood so being in a hurry they might have tried to wade across between the two fords mentioned. However it is certain that the Clancy boy was named John and that his parents decided to try for another son, whom they named John Ambrose and whose birth may have caused Margaret's death two years later.
THE body of the boy Clancy, who was drowned in the Saltwater River on Saturday last whilst crossing near Solomon's Ford, along with a man named Morris, was recovered on Thursday afternoon, and taken to the Braybrook
Hotel. The body of the man, who is believed to have been a sailor, has not yet been recovered. He was a stranger to the district,having only been in the employment of Mr. Derham a short time. (P.7, Advocate, 13-8-1870.)
DEATH RECORD OF THE FIRST JOHN CLANCY.
EventDeath Event registration number7048 Registration year1870
Family nameCLANCY Given namesJohn SexUnknown Father's nameMichael Mother's nameMargaret (U) Place of birthBRAY Place of death Age9
John's birth record has not been entered on Victorian BDM.
R.W.CLANCY MAY HAVE BEEN A SON OF MICHAEL AND MARGARET BUT PROOF WILL HAVE TO BE FOUND.
Richard William Clancy was apparently not the son of Michael and Margaret but may have been a nephew or related in some way unless it is just a coincidence that he was at Braybrook. See PARENTS OF R.W. CLANCY.
This is what made me think that R.W. might be their son.
The following were granted Slaughtering Licenses : R. W. Clancy, Braybrook; etc.
(BRAYBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL. MONDAY, 7TH JANUARY.
Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 12 January 1884 p 2 Article)
The above council report also mentions that Michael Clancy had been interfering with the Keilor side of the BRAYBROOK ford. It was not until later that the ford was described as Clancy's ford.
I searched for Richard William Clancy's birth, death and marriage records and found only his marriage record. I believe that Michael and Margaret settled at North Braybrook Township between August 1856 and August 1857 because when Michael was interviewed re pollution of the Saltwater River in August 1892, he stated that he'd been in the locality for 35 years and believed boiling down works were the cause of the problem. Perhaps he was trying to shift the blame from abattoirs, such as the one conducted in 1884 by R.W.Clancy. The lack of a birth record for Richard William Clancy in Victorian BDM could be that he was born before the family arrived in Victoria, say in 1855 or a few years earlier. The lack of a death record in Victorian BDM would be explained by a move to N.S.W.
EventMarriage Event registration number4420 Registration year1877
Family nameCLANCY Given namesRichard William SexMale Spouse's family name MULLIGAN Spouse's given namesSarah Ann
FOUND THROUGH A GOOGLE SEARCH FOR RICHARD WILLIAM CLANCY.
LATE MR. R. W. CLANCY.
ESTATE VALUED AT £16,703.
Probate has been granted of the will of the late Mr. Richard William Clancy, station holder and grazier, of "Warrabinga," St.Paul's-street, Randwick, who died on September 14 last. Testator appointed his widow, Sarah Ann Cluney, and Mr. J. P.Canny, bank manager, of Darling Point-road,Darling Point, executrix, executor, and trustees of his estate. He devised his residences in St. Paul's-road, Randwick, and at North Carlton, Victoria, to his widow, and the Melbourne Cup trophy won by his horse,Posinatus, and five racing pictures, to his daughter, Mrs. Callaghan. Among the bequests were £40 for the purchase of two statues for the R.C. Church, Karoola, Tasmania;
£50 to the Rev. Father Treand, of Randwick; £20 to the Little Sisters of the Poor, Randwick; £650 to his brother-in-law(John Mulligan); £200 to his son, Richard William Clancy; and £250 to his sister, Jessie
Clancy. Subject to bequests to certain relations, the residue of the estate was devised to testator's widow and five daughters.The net value of the estate was sworn at £16,793 5s. 5d., of which £11,471 5s. represented shares in public companies. (P.19, Sydney Morning Herald, 27-11-1915.)
HAD MICHAEL AND MARGARET COME TO BRAYBROOK VIA TASMANIA?
(Extract from an obituary found in the Google search.)
Mr. Richard William Clancy, who died last week at Warrabinya, Randwick, was well known in sporting and business circles. He was born at Westbury, Tasmania, in 1854. (P.11, The Sydney Morning Herald, 21-9-1915.)
PARENTS OF R.W.CLANCY.
Richard William Clancy, 1854 - 1915
Richard William Clancy was born on month day 1854, at birth place, to James Clancy and Isabella Clancy (born Boyd).
James was born in 1831, in Ireland.
Isabella was born on December 18 1835, in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.
Richard had 13 siblings: George Clancy, Isabella (2) Clancy and 11 other siblings.
Richard married Sarah Ann Clancy (born Mulligan) on date.
Sarah was born in 1853, in Liverpool England.
They had 6 children: Sarah Isabella (Sadie) Callaghan (born Clancy), Isabelle (Bella) Rosher (born Clancy) and 4 other children.
Richard passed away of cause of death on month day 1915, at age 61 at death place.
MICHAEL AND MARGARET'S DAUGHTER, MARGARET.
(Extract from Whelan family - Tony Whelan
My branch of the family descends from Adam and Mary's second son, Patrick Whelan. In 1884 Patrick married Margaret Clancy at St Mary's Catholic Church in West Melbourne; both were in their mid-twenties. Margaret was a daughter of Michael Clancy and Margaret Scanlan, who migrated to Melbourne from Spiddle near the town of Galway, Ireland, in about 1857. Margaret was apparently the first white woman born in the area of Keilor Plains, then very much bushland and now suburban Melbourne's Avondale Heights, on the banks of the Maribyrnong River.
Patrick and Margaret Whelan had eleven children - four of them girls. Their eighth child, Patrick, died in his early twenties, while the ninth child, Thomas, lived to the age of ninety-three. His mother Margaret had lived till her early nineties, whilst his father Patrick had passed eighty years of age. Patrick and Margaret are buried in Footscray Cemetery. Their sixth child Michael was my grandfather, who died in 1978.
MARGARET WHELAN'S DEATH RECORD.
EventDeath Event registration number12453 Registration year1952
Family nameWHELAN Given namesMargaret SexFemale Father's nameCLANCY Michael Mother's nameMargaret (Scanlan) Place of birthKEILOR Place of deathNORTHCOTE Age93
HER DEATH NOTICE.
WHELAN, Margaret. — On October 18, loved mother of Mary (deceased), grandmother of Mary, Margaret, Eileen, Kathleen (deceased)and Alice, great-grandmother of Joyce, Lois, great-grandmother of Ian, Dianne, aged 93 years 7 months. R.I.P.(P.8, The Age, 21-10-1952.)
See Margaret's obituary near the start of the journal.
MICHAEL AND MARGARET'S SON, JAMES.
An obituary for James was found using a link provided by janilye. Hopefully I'll find his marriage record.
It is with deep rcgret that we have to
announce the death of Mr James Clancy,
which. took.place on. Sunday.last in the
Melbourne Hospital; of pneumonia;' The:
deceased, who resided at Maribyrnong,
was 39 years of age and leaves a widow
and three children to mourn' their loss.
He made many friends on account of his
genial disposition and will be regretted by
a large circle. He was in the employ of
Mr Thomas Pridham, skin manufacturer,
of Braybrook, and occupied the-position
of foreman for a great many years, and
was also a prominent member of -the,
local H.A C.B.S. The interment' took
place in the Roman Catholic portion of
the Footscray Cemetery on Tuesday last
and was followed by a large number of
sympatbising friends, including his fellow
cmployes and officers and members of the
Hibernian Lodge. The service at the
crave was read by -the Rev Father,
O'Connor. The pall-bearers were Messrs
H Hansen A. Dage, J; Sothomna.fT.
and E d Ogden. rhere was a large number
of beautiful wreaths laid on the coffin. (P.4, Independent, Footscray, 2-3-1907.)
HIS DEATH RECORD.
EventDeath Event registration number2147 Registration year1907
Family nameCLANCY Given namesJas Jos SexUnknown Father's nameClancy Michl Mother's nameMargt (Scanlan) Place of birth Place of deathMelb E Age39
HIS DEATH NOTICE. His wife was Clara and her maiden name was Lindholm.
CLANCY.—On the 74th February, at the Mel-
bourne hospital, James Joseph Clancy, foreman of
Mr. Pridham's Factory, Braybrook, the dearly be-
Lloved husband of Clara and the loving father of
Jimmy, Carrie and Tommy, beloved second youngest
son of Michael and the late Margaret Clancy, aged
39 years. May his soul rest in peace. (P.1, The Age, 26-2-1907.)
CLARA'S MARRIAGE RECORD.
EventMarriage Event registration number6057 Registration year1895
Family nameLINHOLM Given namesClara SexFemale Spouse's family nameCLANCY Spouse's given namesJas Jos
JIMMY'S BIRTH RECORD.
EventBirth Event registration number11638 Registration year1896
Family nameCLANCY Given namesJas SexMale Father's nameJas Mother's nameClara (Linholm) Place of birthFOOTSCRAY
CARRIE'S BIRTH RECORD.
EventBirth Event registration number11236 Registration year1901
Family nameCLANCY Given namesCarol Mary Honora SexFemale Father's nameJas Jos Mother's nameClara (Linholm) Place of birthFOOTSCRAY
TOMMY'S BIRTH RECORD.
EventBirth Event registration number11812 Registration year1903
Family nameCLANCY Given namesThos SexMale Father's nameJas Jos Mother's nameClara (Linholm) Place of birthMAIDSTONE
MICHAEL AND MARGARET'S DAUGHTER, KATE.
EventBirth Event registration number23156 Registration year1869
Family nameCLANCY Given namesKate SexUnknown Father's nameMichael Mother's nameMargret (Scanlan) Place of birthMAIDSTONE
While doing the Google search for Richard William Clancy, I decided to change this to a search for Michael Clancy and struck gold. I had stated that Grimes Rocks had been a natural accumulation of rocks, which the earliest settlers had utilised to construct a fish track, stopped Grimes' progress upriver by boat where the water WAS STILL SALTY, and was later used by Alexander Thompson in January 1837 as he made his way to "Kardinia".The following confirm that Grimes' Rocks were NATURAL. Fleming's journal confirms that the water was still salty at Grimes' Rocks and Reid's 1855 Braybrook Township map confirms that the water becomes fresh downstream of Clancy's ford (Melway 27B8.) Clancy's ford is not shown on Reid's map and did not exist until Michael Clancy built it.
Gary Vines, quoted in the following,was sent an email in which I suggested that Grimes' Rocks became the ford used by Alexander Thompson in 1837 and the ford shown on Reid's map, roughly south of today's Rhonda St, with a meandering track south of the river; the ford at 27B8 was Clancy's ford, perhaps built in the early 1870's; and that the North St ford became the second Solomon's ford (as shown on Reid's 1855 map.)He finished his reply with: "On balance, I think your conclusions are probably right.
All the best
solomons ford - Victorian Heritage Database
It is beyond me to explain how anyone could read Fleming's journal which stated that the water was still salty at Grimes' Rocks and conclude that the Canning St ford (27 B8), south of which the water became fresh as shown on Reid's map,was at the same location. Perhaps the author had not seen Reid's map! Otherwise he would have noticed that there was no Canning Street ford and in fact Canning St went no farther west than Raglan St. in 1855.
CANNING STREET AVONDALE HEIGHTS and DUKE STREET SUNSHINE NORTH and BRAYBROOK, MOONEE VALLEY CITY, BRIMBANK CITY, MARIBYRNONG CITY
Google Maps and Google Streetview
Heritage Inventory (HI) Number
Heritage Inventory Description
Solomon's Ford is a natural basalt rock formation across the bed of the Maribyrnong River. It is accompanied by a number of features on its west side including two depressions, a possible wall and a terrace. Artefacts were observed on the latter.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Solomon's Ford, a natural basalt stone ford crossing of the Maribyrnong River (formerly Saltwater River), was first charted by Charles Grimes, surveyor General to the Colony of New South Wales in 1803 during exploration of Port Phillip Bay.
Amongst the pastoral settlers who quickly followed the first exploration of the plains, the Solomons possessed one of the largest flocks in 1835, numbering around 2,700 sheep. Joseph Solomon's station was initially in Kealba- North Sunshine near the natural crossing which became known as Solomon's Ford, although this name has also been used for another ford upstream (Vines 2000). This was the lowest foot or vehicle crossing of the Maribyrnong River for people travelling to Geelong or westward. Michael Clancy occupied land in the township of Braybrook on the north side of the river in the 1870s. He testified to a Royal Commission in 1879 that he had lived near the ford for 23 years, gaining something of a living from the river by loading stones from the river for ballasting boats at Footscray.
There were two fords in the Avondale Heights area by the time Braybrook Township, south of Clarendon St and straddling the river, had been partly surveyed. The one south of Rhonda St, which stopped Grimes progress up the saltwater river by boat in 1803, may have been a natural accumulation of rocks which the first settlers, maybe hundreds of years before, or even earlier, had utilised to build a fish trap. it was undoubtedly the ford used by Alexander Thompson in January 1837 when he headed to the Geelong area. Naturally this ford appears on the Braybrook Township map with the meandering track created by Andrew, George Russell and others bound for Geelong and the Western District. Later a ford was built at the end of North Road and this was called Solomons Ford. Before it could be accessed from the south, Duke Street had to be formed and probably metalled so that wheeled vehicles would not have to negotiate obstructions such as detailed below. This ford is also shown on the Braybrook Township map. The Solomons had held early runs at both locations so it was historically accurate to describe each of these fords as Solomon\'s Ford.
The original Solomons Ford might have been replaced because it it didn\'t allow enough room for a gradual descent and ascent or because the route was required for a township and surveyors loved their grids which may have been prevented by bullock drivers meandering through the area to avoid bogs, rocky outcrops, trees and so on.
Google SOLOMON\'S FORD and you will find countless references to Solomon\'s Ford being at the west end of Canning Street, (Melway 27 B8.) This was built by Michael Clancy after he\'d arrived in the area in about 1856. If it had existed in the 1850\'s, Canning Street would have continued west to the river but as the Braybrook Township map shows, it did not. How can professional historians get it so wrong?
EXTRACT FROM : PASTORAL PIONEERS ALEXANDER THOMSON (No. 100)
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 16 November 1935 p 4 Article
Copy http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/141765375 into your search bar.
GUIDED BY BUCKLEY
In January 1837, he left his house in
Melbourne for his Geelong station. Guided
by Buckley, the wild white man, he walked
along the route of Collins street, up the
Flagstaff Hill, by the track which was to
be called Buckley street, Essendon, to Solo-
mon\\\'s Ford over the Saltwater River, or
Maribyrnong as it now is, and across the
plains to Geelong. Thus Thomson\'s track
became the Geelong road, and the route
has not been changed since. In Geelong
Dr. Thomson built Kardinia, which he
said was the native term for sunrise, and
became the founder of the Geelong town-
Thursday, 3rd.—At six o\'clock the captain, Mr. Grimes, self, and five seamen went in the boat up the Great River; at between two and three miles it divided into two; *(27) we took the left hand stream at half-past eight o\\\'clock. The land became high, where we landed and went on a hill. The soil a reddish loam from ten to fifteen inches deep. Saw a large lagoon at a distance. \"Went over the hill to a large swamp. *(28) Soil black, eighteen inches, with blue clay at bottom. No trees for many miles. Came to the boat and proceeded on; passed two dingles; no water; came to a third where we found some water, where we dined and proceeded on. Opposite this the land is stony soil, stiff blue clay, and no trees only some straggling oaks by the side of the river. We went up the river till we came to rocks;*(29) could not get the boat over; crossed it at a place the natives had made for catching fish. It was still salt though a great fall ; went about two miles on the hills which are level at top and full of stones, the land very bad, and very few trees, and appeared so to the mountains, which appeared clothed with timber. On our return back came to the river a little higher up and found it excellent fresh water, where it divided and appeared deep enough for a boat. Just as we got to the boat it began to thunder and rain. Stopped a little time and came back till we could procure wood to make a fire, and it being sunset stopped the night.
Flemings Journal - Melbourne\'s Living Museum of the West
The above passage does not say that the ROCKS were at the location where the saltwater ended as stated repeatedly in many articles written about Charles Grimes’ exploration of the river and supposedly based on the journal. The salt water does end near the west end of Canning Street, Avondale Heights but the map (link below) shows that the so-called Solomon’s Ford at Melway 27 B8 did not exist in the 1850’s. EVERY HERITAGE STUDY STATES THAT THIS ROCK FORD IS SOLOMON’S FORD!
I believe the rocks which stopped Grimes’ progress up the river by boat had been dislodged by the erosion of the volcanic plain as the valley deepened and that they were used by the woiwurrung as the basis of the fish trap. If their fish trap was not near the rocks, I believe that this would have been mentioned. Mention of the river dividing is mystifying and could only refer to the junction with Taylors Creek near the Kealba Wetlands at Melway 14 H9, far more than two miles upstream; even a beeline across the clifftop would only reach the Albion-Jacana railway bridge.
To avoid confusion, I will call the three fords near Avondale Heights, Grimes’ Rocks (south of Rhonda St.), Clancy’s ford (at 27 B8) and the second Solomon’s ford (at 27 C6.)
One of the first to use the 1836 Solomons Ford would have been John Aitken who then headed west to the Kororoit Creek, following the stream north and then continuing towards Mount Aitken blazing a track that was said to have become the Calder Highway. Was it coincidence that his grant, section 8 of the parish of Doutta Galla adjoined Braybrook Township at today’s Glenside Drive just 60 chains (1.2 km) from Grimes Rocks.
Alexander Thompson would have crossed at the same ford in January 1837 helping to create the zig zag track on the Cut Cut Paw side of the river heading south from the ford (shown on the map) to what became the Geelong road.
THE MAP. Google BRAYBROOK TOWNSHIP, REID, 1855.
There were usually two features in regard to townships declared in 1850. They were on well-used routes so there would be passing trade and they straddled streams so there would be a supply of water. Because these streams were used as parish boundaries, these townships occupied part of each parish. Braybrook Township had a natural ford to unite the Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw parts. At Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) the parts in the parishes of Will Will Rook and Tullamarine were linked by the Ardlie St ford which explains why there is an Ardlie St either side of the Moonee Ponds Creek. Keilor had a bridge by the late 1840’s but it and its approaches were often washed away.
It is not a coincidence that the southbound roads in North Braybrook Township (as it became known after Lynch’s punt and bridge near Flemington Racecourse and Brees’ 1854 bridge at Keilor removed the passing trade) funnelled to the ford south of Rhonda St. If Clancy’s ford had been the 1803 ford, Canning Street would have continued west to provide access.
It was no exaggeration to say the new pound (as shown on the map) was near Solomon’s Ford. It was only 400 metres from Grimes’ Rocks. It was 1400 metres from the second Solomon’s ford at North Rd. In 1850 there was NO Clancy’s ford!
THE POUND IS RELOCATED TO BRAYBROOK NEAR SOLOMONS FORD.
NOTICE is hereby given that, the Public Pound at Footscray, in the County of Bourke, will be removed from its present site to Braybrook, near Solomon\'s Ford in the said County, and that the same shall be henceforth called the Braybrook Pound.
By order of the Bench of Magistrates, ROBERT CADDEN, Clerk Petty Sessions, County Bourke. Police Office, Melbourne, March 27th, 1849.
A ROAD FROM MOUNT ALEXANDER TO SOLOMON\'S FORD.
NEW ROAD A. new road is described in the Government Gazette from Mount Alexander to Solomon’s Ford. The new road will commence where the present road terminates, at the eastern boundary of section No. 12, Parish of Doutta Galla ; thence running westerly 27 chains, and passing through the properties of Messrs, Miller and McKlusky and Mr. Dugald McPhail; thence running north 81 deg., west 3 chains 25 links ; thence running north 73 deg., west 12 chains 50 links, and passing through the property of Mr.Dugald McPhail thence running south 80 deg.,West 25- chains ; and thence running south 74 deg., west 15 chains,-through the property of Mrs, Catherine Sinclair, to its junction with the present road, commencing at the dividing line between sections 11 and 12. The quantity of land required to be taken for the proposed new line of road is eight acres one rood and four perches, and the estimated cost of effecting the said work is two thousand two hundred and eighty pounds (£2280). (P.10, The Banner, 7-3-1854.)
The eastern boundary of section 12, Doutta Galla was Hoffman’s Rd and the south east corner is meant (ie. Braybrook road, now Buckley St west.) From there it was 44 chains west to Steeles or Rose Creek so the road probably went west for 27 chains taking a slice of section 8 (the Aitken estate) and Dugald McPhail’s Rosehill, w.n.w for 65 metres to a ford, w.n.w another 250 metres to near Surrey Court, w.s.w. 500 metres through the 114 acre Sinclair farm back to the line of Buckley St at the Rachelle St. corner (the boundary between J.P,Fawkner’s c/a 11A and Main’s Estate.) North Road and the half mile of Buckley St east of North Pole (Milleara Rd) had already been constructed by the looks of it.
A Doutta Galla map showing this section of road and the ford at Steeles or Rose Creek mentioned, as well as the sold-out, complete North Braybrook Township and later Solomons ford at the end of North Rd can be viewed if you copy http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-232488068/view into your search bar.The part outlined in this map would have been prepared as evidence in an insolvency meeting and shows C.B.Fisher\'s landholdings.
The reason Clancy’s ford is not shown on the Braybrook Township map is that Michael Clancy built it some time after his arrival in about 1856. He and his daughter never called it Solomon’s ford!
Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 9 July 1910 p 1 Article
(The Braybrook shire had sent either a cheque or bill) for part cost of repairing Clancy\'s Ford and pointing out that it was an excellent piece of work and likely to require little maintenance in future. Cr Dodd thought the culvert had been put in higher than the old one and that the water at Solomon\'s Ford had thereby been raised and made less useful.
The Dodds and Delaheys would have known which ford was the right Solomon\'s Ford. What Cr. Dodd meant (badly paraphrased by the reporter) is that if the water dammed up too much at Clancy\'s ford, Solomon\'s ford upstream would be covered with water, making the ford less useful, not the water.
FROM MY PREVIOUS JOURNAL ABOUT SOLOMON\'S FORD.
*BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Michael Clancy’s evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald’s properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy’s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim’s crops. Derham had Clancy’s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.
The late Mrs. Whelan was born at Braybrook where her father was a farmer. She had lived at Williamson\'s Road, Maribyrnong, for seventy years. In the early days her mother was afraid of the blacks who were hostile. Mrs. Whelan remembered when the blacks used to hold corroborees at the spot where Moonee Ponds town hall now stands. Her father, the late Mr. Clancy, first built the ford over the Maribyrnong River known as Clancy\'s Ford. The late Mrs Whelan had eleven children, twenty-five grandchildren and thirty-two great grand-children.The funeral took place to Footscray Cemetery on Monday. (P.2, Sunshine Advocate, 24-10-1952.)
FIERY END FOR THE OLD NORTH POLE INN, WEST CORNER OF KEILOR AND NORTH POLE ROADS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. (& JAMES LAVERTY.)
THERE GOES ANOTHER THEORY!
I thought Michael Fox might have died in the old North Pole Hotel. I was told his residence was on the corner of Milleara Rd. and I am annoyed at myself for not having asked which corner.However he died in 1918 and the old hotel had been destroyed by fire in 1891.(See end of journal.)
FOX.— The Friends of the late Mr. MICHAEL FOX are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of internment, in the Keilor Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to move from his residence. North Pole-road Keilor, THIS DAY(Thursday), 5th inst., at 2.30 p.m.(P.10, The Age,5-9-1918.)
LIST OF CLAIMANTS.
The following persons claim to have their names inserted in the Electoral List for
the Electoral District of the County of Bourke, in the Police District of Bourke. ......
Laverty, James, freehold, Steel's Ponds, Parish Doutta Galla.
(LIST OF CLAIMANTS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 1 May 1849 p 4)
FIFTY POUNDS Reward.-The above reward will
be given to any person or persons, who
will give such information as will lead to the con-
viction of the party or parties, who, on the 7th
inst, stabbed James Laverty's horses, of the North
Pole, Keilor Road. JAMES LAVERTY, North
Pole, near Keilor. (P.8, Argus, 11-12-1854.)
TO Let Sixty Acres of Land, at Springfield. For
further particulars apply to James Laverty,
North Pole, near Keilor.(P.7, Argus, 10-2-1855.)
TO LET, a furnished PUBLICHOUSE, near
Keilor. Apply James Laverty, North Pole.(P.8, Argus, 7-9-1858.)
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 1.
Important Sale of Green Crops and Farm.
JAMBS WATSON is instructed by Mr.
James Laverty to SELL by AUCTION, on the
ground, on Tuesday, November 1, at one o'clock,
50 acres growing crop (oats), at the North Pole,
beyond Flemington, 30 do, at Steel's Ponds, do.
After which,the farm, consisting of 50 acres of rich-
land, at steel's Ponds,Will be Sold Without Reserve.
(P.2, Argus, 26-10-1859.)
THURSDAY 10th MARCH.
To Speculators, Persons Seeking Investments, Etc.
Valuable Freehold Property, Situated on the Mount
Alexander Road, and Known as the
NORTH POLE HOTEL.
☞For Positive Unreserved Sale.
SYMONS and PERRY will sell by auction at
their rooms, Collins street, on Thursday 10th March,
A very valuable property, situated about eight miles
from Melbourne, on the main Melbourne and Mount Alexander Road,
And at the junction of the Geelong road, known as
the NORTH POLE HOTEL.
Containing eleven rooms, with good bar, kitchen, wash-
house, storeroom, stabling for nine horses, hay-shed gig
house, etc, also n large water tank 12 ft. x 12 ft., with a
constant supply of water at all seasons.
10 acres of land of the best quality, and in n good and
improving locality. The house is at present under lease
for a short time to a highly respectable tenant*, at a mo-
derate rent, and is now doing a first rate business, which
could easily be increased.
Terms liberal, at sale.
The House will, for the convenience of purchasers, be
sold either with the 10 acres, or with 1 acre, as may be
Title first rate, and will be guaranteed.
For further information application to be made at the
rooms of the Auctioneers.
For positive and unreserved sale. (P.3, Mount Alexander Mail, 9-3-1859.)
There was another advertisement which described the property as the NOBLE ESTATE OF SPRINGVALE, named neighbouring landowners such as Patrick Phelan and called North Pole road the Essendon road. It was found with a SPRINGVALE, KEILOR search.James Laverty was NOT the grantee of crown allotment 18C, Doutta Galla but had bought the undivided grant from (Joseph Hall? CHECK.)
From page 94 of my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.
I originally thought that the North Pole Inn was on the corner of Hoffman’s Rd because of the attached farm being described as 183 acres and the neighbours (Phelan, Hoffman) mentioned in an advertisement of 1859. It was described as being at the corner of the Essendon Rd and I took this to be Hoffmans Rd. Hoffman’s farm was immediately east and Phelan’s only 800 metres west. But two things worried me. Firstly, the frontage to both the Keilor and Essendon Rds was stated to be about 3000 feet while 17D has an eastern boundary of only about 700 feet. Secondly, why would North Pole Farm (18D) be 1½ miles west of North Pole Road?
From c/a 18D titles information on a later page.
Keilor’s 1868 rates show that John Corcoran had 183 acres. The extra 2 acres resulted from a mistake perpetuated since at least 1859, when 18D and the North Pole Inn was advertised for sale. It was probably Corcoran who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm.
On 6-6-1850, Joseph Hall sold 18 D to James Laverty for the remarkably low price of L198/16/6 (M 845). About four years later Springfield, only 5/6 the size of 18D, sold for 7000 pounds (15 593). Why?
The gold rush had started. Also Brees Bridge, built in 1854, made the Keilor route more popular than the Bulla one for diggers bound for Mt Macedon, and attracted those headed to Ballarat who would previously have used Raleigh’s Punt (Maribyrnong). The bridge allowed Cobb and J.M.Peck’s newly established coachline a secure crossing and farms along this road had a ready market for their hay and other produce. For example, David Milburn, Victoria’s first irrigator of Grange Farm west of the river, was called Basket Davie by the diggers.
Hall was not to know what the future would hold and he probably needed cash after buying Purnell’s grant (22B) at Tullamarine for 200 pounds on 5-3-1849 (6 112). With the addition of 22D, granted on 17-7-1866, this became South Wait.
Laverty mortgaged 18D to Hall (M 846 and M847) and on 9-8-1852, 18D as well as lot 6 of section 12 were reconveyed from Hall to Laverty for L152 plus L50 (Q 632).
Measuring the appropriate boundaries of 18 D, I found that they were about 2640 feet each, close enough to the stated frontages. Then I recalled that John Corcoran’s farm had been wrongly described as 183 acres (instead of 180 acres 3 roods) in the 1868 ratebook.
Apart from the name, acreage and frontage was there any other connection between the inn and farm? Yes. James Laverty bought 18D from the grantee in 1850, and when he failed to sell the inn and noble (but heavily mortgaged) estate of Spring Vale in 1859, John Laverty and Robert Linay took over the hotel in 1860. John was charged with abandoning the hotel on 4-3-1863. James Laverty had mortgaged the farm (and lot D of section 12) several times and about this time John Catto gained ownership. He sold it to Corcoran on 6-12-1864.
Although title memorials concerning 18D made no mention of the inn, the above pieces of evidence, and the one following, make it almost certain that the North Pole Inn was at the western corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds.
TUESDAY, JULY 5.
For Absolute Sale.
The North Pole Publichouse,
Producing £150 per Annum, with the Noble Estate of
Spring Vale along with it.
MR. STUBBS is instructed to call the atten-
tion of moneyed men, farmers, and others to
the absolute SALE of the above property, at Bear's
Auction and Exchange Rooms, 66 Queen-street, Mel-
bourne, on Tuesday, July 5, at twelve o'clock
N.B.-Of any property ever offered about the
neighborhood of Essendon, for the Keilor-road, per-
haps there never was any over yet presented such a
prospect of realising a fortune, sooner or later, than
the one now advertised for public competition. Capi-
tal can never be better laid out than in what is
already returnable in good rental like this, indepen-
dent of the village pabilities of the property for
future subdivision and profit.
It is situate at the corner of the Keilor and Essendon
roads, having about 3,000 feet frontage to the
former, and about the same to the latter, more or less.
The whole well enclosed, and comprising 183 acres, in
two separate paddocks.
The soil rich, the country undulating, the scenery
magnificent, the approach by great Keilor-road.
Nearest neighbors-P. Phelan, Esq., M.L.A.
Hoffman, Esq., and other gentlemen.
Title, Grant from the Crown.(P.2, Argus, 1-7-1859.)
*Probably Robert Linay.
THE friends of Mr. ROBERT LINAY, of the
North Pole Hotel, Keilor-road, are respectfully
invited to follow the remains of his daughter Janet
Jane to the place of interment, Melbourne Cemetery.
The funeral will leave his residence at 12 o'clock noon
this day (Wednesday), March 7. (P.8, Argus, 7-8-1860.)
The description of "Springvale" as consisting of 183 acres, is a problem because 18D on the west corner of North Pole (Milleara) Road, consisting of 180 acres 3 roods, was granted to Joseph Hall and 18C on the east corner of North Pole Road, granted to D.T.Kilburn, consisted of 163 acres 3 roods and 183 could have been an incorrect rendering of either. Either allotment would have had a frontage to the (Essendon or Geelong) road of 42 chains, south to a point indicated by the Clarks Rd. corner. The frontage to the Essendon road given is ABOUT 3000 feet which is 1000 yards and 45.45 chains so the frontage to North Pole Rd was actually 42 x 22 x3, 924 yards or 2772 feet.
To work out whether "Springvale" was on the east or west corner of North Pole Road we need to take into account the Doutta Galla map, [Parish maps of Victoria]. Doutta Galla, County of Bourke [cartographic ...
titles information; understanding of the farms on the north side of Keilor Rd, and reference to the farms described as being almost and exactly opposite the North Pole Hotel.
Titles information (above) shows that James Laverty definitely purchased c/a 18D on the west corner of North Pole Road and lost it to John Catto at about the time that James Laverty moved to New Zealand.
There is no mention of James Laverty regarding ownership of c/a 18C on the east side of North Pole Road.
TITLE INFORMATION CONCERNING 18C.
On 6-11-1852, D.T.Kilburn conveyed his grant to John Pinney Bear for L2968/11/7 (Y 149).
Bear leased most of 18C to John Wilson on 31-7-1855 at a rent of 500 pounds p.a. Bear had, or was intending to, sell blocks on the Keilor Rd frontage. The northern boundary of the leased land followed “various inclinations” (probably parallel with Keilor Rd and its bends) between the electric B.B.Q. and a point just north of the Woorite Pl. roundabout (29 794). Bear mortgaged 18C and land near Lancefield to Taylor, Fisken and Davis on 30-3-1871 (209 349).
On 15-5-1888 Bear contracted to sell 18C and 18D to G.W.Taylor for 34 350 pounds (347 14).
No doubt Taylor paid partly with credit notes but Bear would have pocketed some cash as well as regaining ownership when the bust ruined Taylor. Michael Fox probably bought 18 C and North Pole Farm soon afterwards (See 18D).
FARMS ON THE NORTH SIDE OF KEILOR ROAD were, from Treadwell St:
to the Grange Rd/Bowes Ave midline, "Niddrie" (17B);
to the line of Olive Grove, Patrick Phelan's "Spring Park" (17A);
to the Roberts Rd corner, James Kavanagh's "Springfield" (18B)bought by William Connor for his sister in 1863.
and to Collinson St, 18A, subdivided into small farms in the mid 1850's.
William Connor's sister was Patrick Phelan's wife, Ellen. When Patrick was tossed off Spring Park, he and Ellen moved onto "Springfield" and of course it was described as Phelans, when the 25 acres exactly opposite the North Pole Hotel and almost adjoining Phelans was advertised for sale by mortgagees. The 25 acre farm probably fronted the west side of Terror St in c/a 18A which is due north of 18D. This description had me believing it was part of "Springfield" (18B): "A very compact little farm, comprising about 25 acres of the best portion of the well-known Springfield Estate." A bit of background. In the 1840's the area just east of Keilor was called Springs but as Tullamarine was also called Springs, confusion resulted, so the Keilor road area was renamed (after Owen Connor's grant) as Springfield. Estate implied a subdivision and the locality was Springfield.
The farm, almost opposite the North Pole Inn, said to be "portion of A, Section 18, Doutta Galla, and comprising
about 152 ACRES 2 ROODS" was bigger than the whole of 18A, which consisted only of 132 acres 3 roods 20 perches.
"Springfield" (18B)consisted of 151 acres 0 roods 20 perches and was almost certainly the farm being described.
James Laverty, late publican, Keilor-road.
Causes of insolvency—Depression in business and
pressure of creditors. Debts, L2,364 11s; assets,
L12,610; surplus, L245 9s. . E. Courtney, Official Assignee.
(P.2, Geelong Advertiser, 29-2-1860.)
Household Furniture and Farming Stock.
North Pole Hotel, Near Keilor.
ROW, KIRK, and Co. have received instructions
from Mr. James Laverty, who is leaving for
New Zealand, to SELL by AUCTION, at the North
Pole Hotel, on Saturday, 14th lnst.,
6 saddle and harness horses
6 bullocks, dray, and tackle
4 cows, in full milk
Ploughs, harrows, drays, &c.
A quantity of household furniture
Pigs and poultry.
Sale at one o'clock.(P.3, Argus, 14-2-1863.)
MONDAY, APRIL 20.
Springfield, on the Keilor-road, about a mile and a
half beyond Harper's Essendon Hotel.
Positive Sale of a snug little Farm, of about 25 Acres,
To Farmers, Carriers, Storekeepers, Restaurant-
keepers, and Small Capitalists.
By Order of the Mortgagee.
G. WALSTAB has received instructions to
SELL at AUCTION, in his rooms, 85 Collins-
street west, on Monday, April 20, at one o'clock in the
A very compact little farm, comprising about 25
acres of the best portion of the well-known
Springfield Estate, situated about 7½ miles from
Melbourne, on the main road to Castlemaine, to
which road It has a valuable frontage of 11
chains, exactly opposite to the North Pole Inn,
and nearly adjoining Mr. Phelan's property.
The land is of excellent quality, the greater portion
being of a rich loamy soil, all cleared, ready for the
plough, and surrounded by a capital post and three-
The homestead consists of a well-built weather-
boarded cottage, about 60 feet in length, with veran-
dah along the entire front. There is also a store
facing the main-road, detached stabling for six horses,
and a barn.ETC. (P.2, Argus, 27-4-1861.)
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20.
At Twelve O'clock.
152 ACRES 2 ROODS, FARMHOUSE,
C. J. and T. HAM have received instructions from
R. G. Johnson, Esq., as agent for the owner, to
SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at their rooms, 45 Swan-
ston-street, on Thursday, 29th September, at twelve
All that fine block of land, being part of Portion
A, Section 18, Doutta Galla, and comprising
about 152 ACRES 2 ROODS,on the land being erected a
WEATHERBOARD BUILDING,containing 10 rooms, with
seven-stall stable,cartshed, piggeries, underground
tank, &c., in the occupation of Mr. J. Foley.
The land is subdivided in four paddocks, is under
cultivation, and is well situated, being almost oppo-
site the old North Pole Inn.(P.3, Argus, 17-9-1881.)
FIRE AT NORTH ESSENDON.
A fire occurred on Saturday evening at 9.30
o'clock in a wooden tenement situated on the
Keilor-road, near Spring Hill. The building,
which was a large wooden structure, consisted of
10 rooms, and was formerly known as The North
Pole Hotel, and used as such in the olden days.
Owing to the inflammable nature of the struc-
ture it was completely demolished before even
the occupants had time to remove the furniture,
a piano and harmonium being the only articles
of value saved from destruction. The place was
occupied by Mr. J. Lobb and family, and at the
time of the outbreak some of the occupants
were asleep. No cause can be assigned for the
origin of the fire. The building is believed to be
uninsured, and the loss to the tenant is esti-
mated at £120, and to owner of the house about
twice that sum. The local fire brigades
turned out promptly, but arrived too late to
save any portion of the buildings.
(P.6, The Age, 7-9-1891.)
More information about James Laverty (associated with Connor and Phelan, Spirit merchants, the Harvest Home Hotel at Moonee Ponds and the 50 acre farm on Main's Estate on Rosehill Rd) is available if requested.
I had thought that Big Clarke's special survey was obtained in 1841 when the British Government briefly allowed the purchase of 8 square mile blocks before protest from the authorities in Victoria resulted in the provision being overturned. However Isaac Batey, writing as Ramrod in the 1890's about the pioneers near Sunbury in 1846, stated that Big Clarke took up his survey in 1850. Isaac was right. This comes from Big Clarke's biography written by Hugh Anderson. (Australian Dictionary of Biography.)
In 1850, under the special survey clause of the Waste Lands Act, he successfully claimed 31,375 acres (12,697 ha) at 20s. an acre, and located it near Sunbury, twenty-five miles (40 km) from Melbourne. He next obtained the adjoining 31,000 acres (12,545 ha) under the Order-in-Council of 1847, both acquisitions displacing several pastoral licensees, and making a single property that stretched from Sunbury to the Sydney Road.
There have been countless biographies and obituaries written about Big Clarke but this one takes the cake. He was actually born during a visit by his parents to London. When he started in business, his main aim was to develop what today would be called a credit rating; he always paid on time. When the depression struck the Port Phillip District in 1842 he was not ruined like many squatters,who were mortgaged to the hilt, were. My suspicion that Dowling Forest, whose extent and home station are specified, was named after his wife's maiden name is confirmed. The only mistake in the article is a typo; the name of his brother-in-law is given as James Hean instead of James Hearn.
MR. W. J. T. CLARKE.
Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1843; 1854 - 1876) Monday 12 February 1872 p 4 Article
or copy http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/65426843into your search bar.
WHAT DID THE PRESS THINK ABOUT THE SPECIAL SURVEY?
THE GREAT LAND PURCHASE AT PORT PHILLIP.
The Melbourne Daily News (Vic. : 1848 - 1851) Monday 30 September 1850 p 4 Article
or copyhttp://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/226518414 into your search bar.
The attached map shows the parishes of Tullamarine and Maribyrnong.
The map was published in 1892 when the prospect of the construction of a railway to Bulla, either along the east bank of the Saltwater River (Maribyrnong River and Deep Creek) or along Bulla Rd., seemed a reality, and speculators had bought many farms along both routes. Tullamarine farms on the south side of Sharps Rd, in the parish of Doutta Galla, were also snapped up, James Sharp's "Hillside", near Barrie Rd by G.W.Taylor, and the Crotty family's "Broomfield" roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd, by the Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company. There is a special map of Doutta Galla with the landholdings of C.B.Fisher in today's Ascot Vale and Avondale Heights shaded orange.He was banking on the Saltwater River option in about 1888 at the height of the land boom. Such maps were usually shaded for use in insolvency cases. The depression that hit just after the map was produced ended talk of the railway until the latish 1920's when revived agitation was stymied by the 1930's depression.
This journal will give the names of the farms in the area covered by the map and discuss the farmers and speculators. As the whole map was not copied and would be too small to read without the ability to zoom, paste the link, http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-232027555/view, into your search bar to get the map.
Until I saw this map in late 1988, I assumed that parish maps always had the names of grantees on them; that was until I compared it with another Tullamarine parish map.
Before I start on the parish of Tullamarine, I will deal briefly with the parish of Maribyrnong west of Deep Creek. The Keilor Plains were formed by lava flows which created a plateau through which streams such as Deep Creek and Jacksons Creek carved deep valleys. Because of huge amounts of freestone settlers could usually find sufficient bluestone on their properties to build homesteads and hotels but the land was too hard to plough and generally unsuitable for agriculture. Another factor that made agriculture difficult was the low rainfall which was great for ripening hay crops if they'd received sufficient rain to reach maturity. The Tullamarine and Airport West areas were renowned for their vast expanses of oaten hay.
The silt deposited in the river flats as the valleys were carved removed the freestone problem there regarding freestone as it was covered by countless metres of rich soil. This soil, replenished by every flood, allied with the supply of water from the streams, was ideal for gardening, mainly orchards at first with "Basket Davey" Milburn of Keilor becoming the acknowledge pioneer of irrigation in Victoria. William Cherry of "Seaford" at Altona was another pioneer of the big river flat along Borrell Road (formerly Arundel Road before the freeway was built)south of Bertram's ford. In the early 1900's the Spanish invasion led by Jose Borrell of "Gumm's Corner, the Cuarteros of "Rio Vista" and Jack Vert of the area north of the Bowls Club near Barcelona Avenue changed the focus to the growing of vegetables although Peter Anderson's orchard on Horseshoe Bend provided for many decades a springtime delight for anyone descending Curly's hill from the east.
However the plateau to the west of Keilor became the domain of the sheep man. In 1850, William John Turner (Big) Clarke obtained a huge special survey stretching from Sunbury to Bolinda, Clarkefield and Sydney Road but a year or so earlier had paid cash for wastelands that probably included his huge Rockbank estate. The name of his son, Wlliam John Clarke appears on the Clarke grants in the parish of Maribyrnong as his father had died and he was the owner. I have recently submitted journals about Big Clarke (a fascinating 1872 article detailing his many land purchases, probably resulting from an interview of the bed-ridden giant a couple of years before his death)and the empathy and generosity of his son towards a Dowling Forest tenant.
William Taylor was dubbed the FATHER OF KEILOR in one of Keilor's historic celebration souvenirs. He was President of the Shire of Keilor an incredible number of times. His Overnewton Estate expanded into the parish of Tullamarine; All of Arundel (section 1) and part of Annandale (section 2) were purchased under the Closer Settlement Act of 1904 and became the Arundel Closer Settlement. The huge area in the parish of Maribyrnong north of St Albans became the Overnewton Closer Settlement with one of the attractions to agriculturalists being that the land had never been under the plough. Much good land had been denuded of nutrients because the sound Scottish principle of rotation of crops with periods of fallow had not been followed so applicants would not need to fertilise the soil on this former grazing ground. An OVERNEWTON search will provide much more detail.
James Robertson's estate was called Upper Keilor. There are plans to restore his historic bluestone homestead near the Keilor Public Golf Course*. He also bought land near Aberfeldie which he called Spring Hill but was named Aberfeldie after the mansion his son James built there after the death of his mother at Upper Keilor. James Jnr's daughter married Coiler McCracken, son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan. Coiler's mansion Earlesbrae Hall in Leslie St, Essendon, is now part of the Lowther Hall Anglican school.
* Star Weekly | Historic Robertson's homestead may be restored
www.starweekly.com.au › News
James Robertson Snr. also bought land in North Essendon between McCracken St and William Hoffman's "Budzbach" which was inherited by his bachelor son Thomas who became a member of parliament and called his property "Mar Lodge".His historic homestead remains at 33B? Forrester St.
Deidre Farfor, mentioned in the article about the proposed restoration of the Upper Keilor homestead, was one of my first history buddies and has contributed greatly to my understanding of the three Robertson families and the McCrackens.
Small blocks along Sunshine Avenue resulted from the alienation of the Keilor Farmers' Common in the 1870's with most blocks being bought by early Keilor pioneering families such as Brown and Fox.
THE PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.
to be continued.
John Grant's biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888)gives more detail about John's time at Campbellfield where he planted the first vast area of wheat in Victoria and I can supply much information about his time at Tullamarine, the relationships between the Grant and McNab families, the location of Seafield etc., but I can't recall details of his passage to Sydney and then Melbourne. I also don't recall seeing his parents named so I'll start with his death record. The present Melrose Drive in Tullamarine was the boundary between the shires of Keilor and Broadmeadows so his place of death could mean that he died in the shire of Keilor or that the death was registered in Keilor Village. John's parents may have been cousins.
EventDeath Event registration number12824 Registration year1904
Family nameGRANT Given namesJno SexUnknown Father's nameGrant Peter Mother's nameMary (Grant) Place of birth Place of deathKeilor Age92
The story of John Grant's voyage to Sydney and then Melbourne.
THE LATE MR. JOHN GRANT. A NOTED STOCKBREEDER.
The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 21 January 1905 p 25 Article
ALEXANDER SIM THE YOUNGER, SETTLER, GRANTEE OF SECTION 6, PARISH OF HOLDEN NEAR SUNBURY, VIC., AUST.
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF THE COLONY OF VICTORIA.
In the Will of Alexander Sim, formerly of Edinburgh, in that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain called Scotland, but late of the City of Melbourne, in the District of Port Phillip and New South Wales, now called as and being the Colony of Victoria, Builder, deceased.
NOTICE is hereby given, that upon the expiration of fourteen days from the date of publication hereof, application will be made to the said Supreme Court in Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that Probate of the Will of the said
Alexander Sim may be granted to Alexander Sim the younger, of the City of Melbourne aforesaid, Settler, Son of the said Testator, being the only one of the Executors nominated and appointed in and by the Will of the said
Testator now resident in the said Colony of Victoria.
Dated this 29th day of July, A.D, 1852. JAS. H. ROSS, Proctor for the said Executor.
(P.3, Argus, 30-7-1852.)
It certainly took a while before probate was applied for. This may have been because Alexander Sim the younger was not the oldest son and had a brother named Frank who was going to do this but died in 1852. Unfortunately there is little detail in Frank's death record to confirm this.
EventDeath Event registration number1913 Registration year1844
Family nameSIM Given namesAlexander SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathMelbourne Age65
EventDeath Event registration number3302 Registration year1852
Family nameSIM Given namesFrank SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathColl Age Spouse's family name Spouse's given names
The first instance in this province of a
funeral conducted with masonic honours occurred
yesterday, when the remains of Brother Alexander
Sim, late W. S. Warden of the Australasian Kil-
winning Lodge, were followed to the grave by the
R. W. M., Officers, and Brethren of that Lodge,
and a large number of the brethren of the sister
lodge. The ceremony attracted a large concourse
of spectators. (P.3, The Melbourne Weekly Courier, 20-9-1844.)
The surname was often written as Sims, as illustrated in "VICTORIA BEFORE 1848". (http://www.oocities.org/vic1847/s/s13.html?201714)
Mr Sim, in Oct 1839 employed James Lawrie aged 38, Bricklayer, who came on the David Clarke
Mr Sim, in Oct 1839 employed Archibald Mcmillan aged 46 and Mrs Mcmillan aged 42, who came on the David Clarke
Alexander Sim, Port Phillip Herald 13 Dec 1842 Page 2 standing for office of Town Surveyor
Alexander Sim, List No 7, 31 July 1844 letter at the Melbourne Post Office. Source - Port Phillip Herald 6 Aug 1844
Alexander Sim, letter at Geelong Post Office. Source - Geelong Advertiser 29 Aug 1844
Alexander Sim, Western Port District depasturing license for 1-30 Sept 1844. Source - Port Phillip Herald 15 Nov 1844
Alexander Sim, had a bag of sugar stolen by James Blake found Guilty by second jury for Supreme Court Mon 18 Nov 1844. Source - Melbourne Weekly Courier 23 Nov 1844
Alexander Sim, builder purchased from Thomas Jennings, Archibald McLachlan as Trustee has the Title Deeds for collection. Source - Melbourne Courier 25 July 1845
Alexander Sim, No 7, letters at Melbourne Post Office. Source - Melbourne Courier 5 Aug 1845
Alexander Sim Correspondence sold Western Port Restdown Plains to Rowe, John P**
Ann Sim, female wed Ebenezer Brown 1842 #4597 Church Of England St James, Melbourne
Charles Simms aged 18 came May 1847 with 338 on the Sir Thomas Arbuthnot
Daniel Simms departed 23 Feb 1841 from Melbourne for Hobart town arrived 5 March on the Flying Squirrel
Daniel Simms at Melbourne departed 23 Feb 1841 for Hobart town and arrived 5 March on the Flying Squirrel
Mr Simms arrived 1 June 1841 at Hobart from Port Phillip on 28 May, on the Flying Squirrel
Margaret Sim* 18 (single woman 33) House servant Prot both Edinburgh arrived 22 Oct 1841 on the Grindlay
Margaret Simms* arrived 1 Nov 1841 at Launceston from Port Phillip on the Corsair - source Launceston Courier 8 Nov 1841
Messrs Sim Letter at Post-office unclaimed 7 April 1847
William Simes Directory 1847 plasterer Richmond
(*It is possibly that Margaret Sim/ Simms was related. Although Margaret is not an uncommon Scottish given name, a native born Margaret Sim, whose mother was a McLeod, was discovered in my Victorian BDM search for SIM. The McLeods were early pioneers in the parish of Holden. The birth would have been REGISTERED at Sunbury.
EventDeath Event registration number2939 Registration year1863
Family nameSIM Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's nameDavid Mother's nameJanet (Mcleod) Place of birthSUNB Place of death Age8)
**POSTSCRIPT. The location of Restdown Plains is given later. There is much detail about John Pearson Rowe on a family history page. Paste http://www.rosfamilyhistory.esco.net.au/Rowe.htm into your search bar. He moved from Devil's River to Restdown Plains in 1853 and extended the homestead in which Alexander Sims would have dwelt.There are photos of the resultant building in early days and 2010. The fact that the name of Rochester is derived from his surname is fascinating."Restdown was on one of the busiest routes in the colony and to meet the travellers’ demand for accommodation, Rowe built a hotel nearby. A store and blacksmith also opened, and the small community became known as Rowechester (latin for Rowe’s settlement), later modified to Rochester. There is a plaque about John Pearson Rowe in the main street."
I wonder if this is mentioned in the Rochester Wikipedia page. IT IS!
"Rochester (via Rowechester) was named after Dr John Pearson Rowe, who had a hotel here before the township was gazetted in 1855. " Reference 2 is: Campaspe Shire, Placenames, retrieved 2009-05-01
I presume that via Rowechester is meant to imply that Rochester is a corruption of the original name.
Family researchers who possess the family tree will be able to determine which of these are related. There is no mention of Frank Sim. Alexander the Younger's run was near the Campaspe River (as will be shown re his purchase of section 6 Holden and a description of runs), and nowhere near Westernport. The Westernport District extended north at least as far as William Barker's run near Castlemaine which is included as well as the Cape Schanck and Boniyong runs leased by his brothers, which actually were near Westernport.
Alexander the younger had probably transferred his run before he became the pound keeper at Braybrook (although this could have been HIS son, Alexander Sim 3.)
VICTORIAN DEATH RECORDS.
EventDeath Event registration number1913 Registration year1844
Family nameSIM Given namesAlexander SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathMelbourne Age65
This is the only record with Alexander as the given name of the deceased or his father. The death of Alexander Sim the younger was also not discovered in a search of SIMS deaths before 1900. This lack of results could be due to Victorian BDM typos. For instance the given name of Alexander Sim, who died in 1876, (and in 1874 had been living on a hill near Marong for so long that he was invited to supply a name for a town that had developed in that location), is given as Alceander in his death record. This Alexander Sim was born in Argyll circa 1822.
An Alexander Sim was involVed in the formation of the football club at Hotham (North Melbourne) but I have found no evidence that he or Alexander who died at Marong were the settler, Alexander Sim, the Younger.
As my quest to find Alexander's descendants has struck a brick wall, I will leave this task to the person who has been tagging articles on trove as "Alexander Sim, builder."
The Kilwinning Lodge was a bit tardy celebrating its jubilee unless its acceptance of approval from the Grand Lodge of Scotland was deemed to be its beginning.
FREEMASONRY. JUBILEE OF THE AUSTRALASIAN KILWINNING LODGE N0. 2.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 16 February 1893 p 3 Article
It was formed at the suggestion of Brother Purves, who was probably James Purves, in 1841.
See MASONIC, about two thirds of the way into http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/226509835
I'd formed the impression that Alexander Sim the builder was a stone mason and that the early church described as a barn* was St James Old Cathedral which was later relocated near the Flagstaff Gardens.
EXTRACT FROM:OLD TIME MEMORIES. ST. JAMES'S OLD CATHEDRAL.
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 27 September 1924 p 68 Article Illustrated
The contractor for the stone work of St.James's was Mr. Alexander Sim, and the contractor for the woodwork Mr. George Beaver.
ALEXANDER SIM'S RUN.
It is yet to be proven that this Alexander Sim (an early overlander) was, or was related to, Alexander Sim the builder or his son, the settler.
EXTRACT FROM: PASTORAL PIONEERS THE IMLAYS (No. 96)
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 19 October 1935 p 4 Article
There were three Imlay brothers,
George, Alexander, and Peter. George and
Alexander were medical men. George was
found dead in the bush on Boxing Day,
1846. He had been out shooting near the
homestead, and, it was thought, shot him
self by accident. Alexander died in Syd-
ney three months later. In the early
'forties the Imlays were interested in Port
Phillip runs. They sent their superin-
tendent, Alexander Sim, across the border
on the tracks of McMillan and Macallister,
and he took up Fulham, a squatting area
of 16,000 acres on the Thomson, north
west of Sale, although the name Fulham
was given to the property by a later oc-
cupant, Francis Desailly.
Ballendella is a rural locality in the Rochester Irrigation District, 7 km north of Rochester and 20 km south of Echuca. It is situated on the Northern Highway, a few kilometres west of the Campaspe River.
Ballendella is situated on part of the former Restdown Plains pastoral run (1840). It is thought that the name was that of an Aboriginal whose father acted as a guide for the New South Wales Surveyor General, Major Thomas Mitchell, on his expedition to western Victoria in 1836. (Another authority suggests the name is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning resting place).
BALLENDELLA is 24.7 km south south west of Echuca via Northern Hwy/B75. Alexander Sim's Restdown Plains would probably have adjoined the western boundary of John O'Dea's run.The Campaspe River adjoins the Murray River near Echuca not far west of the junction of the Murray and Golburn. This Alexander Sim was almost certainly the grantee of section 6 Holden whose address was given as Campaspie (sic)in 1850.
The name of Alexander's run would be an apt description that an overlander would use after the huge ordeal of getting a huge flock across the Murray. Perhaps Alexander the younger was the overseer mentioned above re the IMLAYS.
CROWN LANDS BEYOND THE SETTLED DISTRICT. P.1, ARGUS, 3-4-1849.
I stated earlier that the Westernport District extended as far north as Castlemaine, but it is now clear that this confusingly-named district went right to the Murray River.
The headings for the columns were:
number of claim as gazetted; name of applicant; name of run applied for to lease; party lodging caveat against issue of such lease.
96... W.M.HUNTER... KINGOWAR... PATTERSON AND SIM (also John Catto of 65, Catto's run.)
144 PATRICK O'DEA JUNCTION OF GOLBURN AND MURRAY ALEXANDER SIM (also John Bett who was not applying for a lease.)
156... ALEXANDER SIM... RESTDOWN PLAINS... PATRICK O'DEA
Caveats often involved disputes about the vague run boundaries. This run description shows the proximity of the runs of Alexander Sim, John Bett and Patrick O'Dea.
Name of run—Wharparella
Estimated area—76,000 acres
Estimated grazing capabilities—12,000
Commencing at a point of the Murray
river bounding with Messrs Collyer,
bearing southerly along a belt of timber
for 5½ miles, and bounded by Messrs
Collyer ; thence S W about 8 miles,
bounded by Messrs Collyer ; thence S 4
miles bounded by person unknown, thence
NE 8 miles, bounded by Messrs J Aitken
and A Sim ; thence north easterly by belt
of timber 7 miles, and bounded by Mr
Sim to the Campaspie river ; thence by
the Campaspie river southerly to the
boundary with Mr Sim on the east side
2 miles ; thence easterly for 5 miles, and
bounded by Mr Sim and Mr O'Dea;
thence northerly to the junction of the
Murray and Goulburn 7½ miles, bounded
by Mr O'Dea, and on the north by the
Murray river to the commencing point
12 miles.(P.1, Argus, 26-9-1848.)
EXTRACT FROM: https://mplayne.wordpress.com/2014/11/26/the-squatters-on-pastoral-runs-on-the-campaspe-river-victoria-1837-1854/
Cooper, William, overseer – ‘Restdown Plains’ for Alexander Sim, 1847
EXTRACT FROM: https://www.prov.vic.gov.au/explore-collection/provenance-journal/provenance-2008/landscapes-abundance-and-scarcity-northern
The changing landscape of pastoralism can be traced through the documentary record held for Restdown Plains station taken up on the Campaspe River in 1841 by John Hays for Captain George Benson.10 In looking for land for a run, David Munro came across Restdown Plains in the drought year of 1842, the same year the station was sold to David Kelsh.
Affected by the financial crisis of 1842, Kelsh sold the station and his 3500 sheep to Alexander Sim in November 1843.12 In March 1848, Sim stocked 500 cattle and 12,000 sheep on a run of 106,922 acres that incorporated a head station and nine outstation huts, six of which were located on the Campaspe River.
MY THEORY IS THAT ALEXANDER SIM THE YOUNGER BECAME A POUNDKEEPER AT BULLOCK CREEK (WHEREVER THAT WAS) WHEN HE SOLD THE LEASE OF HIS RESTDOWN PLAINS RUN AS MENTIONED BEFORE AND THAT AFTER HE'D SOLD PORTION 6, HOLDEN TO JOHN DICKINS IN 1852, HE BECAME THE POUNDKEEPER AT BRAYBOOK. AFTER RESIGNING THERE IN 1853, HE MAY HAVE MOVED BY 1854 TO MCCALLUM'S CREEK*, WHICH MIGHT HAVE BEEN NEAR BENDIGO, POSSIBLY MAKING THE ALEXANDER SIM WHO DIED AT MARONG IN 1876 ALEXANDER SIM THE YOUNGER.
(*Alexander of McCallum's Creek wrote his notice with a poundkeeper's touch! Not surprising because he'd been a poundkeeper at Bullock Creek and then Braybrook!
TAKEN from M'Callum's Creek, on the 4th
November, a Black Mare, small whlte speck
on forehead, llttle white on both hind feet,
branded S within C, over D, on near shoulder,
and sold at M'Pherson's Auction Mart, Bendigo,
on the 8th Instant. Any person detaining the said
mare after this notlce will bc prosecuted accord-
ing to law. Apply to ALEXANDER SIM, M'Cal
lum's Creek, or to DONALD M'INTYRE. 102
Bourkestreet east, Melbourne.(P.8, Argus, 22-12-1854.)
THE bay filly with large star and white snip on the nose and no visible brand,(th?)ought to be like SH on off shoulder, and the mare, aged and saddle marked, Jy on near neck, has also like B or R on near shoulder,
To be sold on 23rd August if not claimed.
ALEXANDER SIM,Poundkeeper. Bullock Creek Pound. (P.4, Argus, 8-8-1851.)
POUNDKEEPERS.- The following appointments were announced in yesterday's Gazette ;-Braybrook Pound-
Mr. George Scarborough, in room of Mr. Alexander Sim.(P.5, Argus, 25-8-1853.)
WHERE WAS THE BRAYBROOK POUND?
NOTICE is hereby given that, the
Public Pound at Footscray, in the
County of Bourke, will be removed from
its present site to Braybrook, near Solo-
mon's Ford in the said County, and that
the same shall be henceforth called the
By order of the
Bench of Magistrates,
Clerk Petty Sessions,
March 27th, 1849.
The heritage consultants who insist that Clancy's ford at Melway 27 B8 was Solomon's Ford wouldn't have a clue.
The pound yards shown on the map would be at the middle of 27 D9 and the ford was south of Rhonda St as indicated by the track made by such as George Russell on the Cut Cut Paw (south) side of the river.
FIND LOCATIONS OF BULLOCK CREEK AND MCCALLUM'S CREEK.
I thought this would be an impossible task (like Red Hill or Deep Creek) but just before the first mention of Alexander Sim at the Bullock Creek Pound, there were only 13 results for "Bullock Creek"in 1850.
The Mount Alexander (Castlemaine) correspondent to the Argus mentioned that a pound and police station were to be established at this place.(P.2, Argus, 26-10-1850.)
An old gardener at an inn on the Loddon road was cruelly kicked in the behind by his boss and crawled to the Carlesrue Inn where he was given medical attention but he was still in a bad way. (P.2, Argus, 8-11-1850.)
Carlesrue is at a bend in the old Calder Highway not too far south of Kyneton. There may* have been a Carlesrue Inn farther north near Mount Byng, the name Thomas Mitchell had given to Mount Alexander. This peak was to be one of the sites of the bonfires to celebrate the proclamation of Victoria as a colony.Those organising the beacon included H.N.Simpson, the man who paid for the old gardener's medical attention.(P.4, Port Phillip Gazette and Settlers' Journal, 1-10-1850.)
(*This is unlikely however because those in charge of the beacon on Mount Byng included the Myers brothers. One of these brothers was the ancestor of the man who subdivided the Journeaux grant (south of Myers Rd at Melway 161 J 7-9 east to Tubbarubba Rd) circa 1900. They had a run at Myer's Flat near Bendigo so it looks as if settlers from near the Carlesrue Inn and Bullock Creek would have been represented too.)
There may be more than one creek with this name but I believe that in 1854 Alexander Sim was near Maryborough. The first mention of McCallums Creek in Victoria on trove was in 1855, with only four results, one of which involved two Maryborough auctioneers and a Sandhurst man charged with the theft of McIntyre's horse. Alexander may have been managing a run for McIntyre.
See these google results.: http://www.whereis.com/vic/dunach-3371/mccallums-creek-rd
the holden map and details of purchasers link
GOVERNMENT LAND SALE
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 7 September 1850 p 2
PARISH OF HOLDEN.
210 541a, portion 6, Alexander Sim, Campaspe(his address) £1 14 s(per acre, the upset price probably being a pound.) These details are the same as on the list accompanying the following map of the parish of Holden. The description of the boundaries, the date of his sale of the property to John Dickins who called it Coldhigham etc. follow the link to the map (which you'll have to copy into your search bar.)
THE MAP (Map 1) AND LIST OF PURCHASERS (Map 2).
JOHN DICKINS PURCHASED SECTION 6, PARISH OF HOLDEN FROM ALEXANDER SIM THE YOUNGER ON 19-6-1852 FOR 3000 POUNDS.
Having paid one pound 14 shillings per acre for the supposedly 541 acres (1.7 pounds x 541 acres= L919 14s) in 1850, Alexander sold it for more than three times as much less than two years later.
Extract from my dictionary history of Bulla journal.
COLDHIGHAM LODGE/COLDINGHAM LODGE. See DICKINS/DICKENS. (The former is the correct spelling of the surname and the farm name.)
Melway 176 E9 (central point); north west corner near 195 Bulla-Diggers Rest Rd.
Section 6,parish of Holden, consisting of 541 acres granted to A.Simms. It was bounded on the north by an eastern continuation of the line of the road from the Diggers Rest hotel to Dickins Corner (Melway 176 D7.) This boundary continued east to Jacksons Creek, the eastern and northern boundary, and the western boundary was a creek flowing south-south-east into Jacksons Creek at 176 C10.
A google search for Coldhigham Lodge produced the following.
JOHN DICKINS first slaughterman in Port Phillip Colony
DICKINS John 1812-1899.
John Dickins born on 27 May 1812 at Rothersthorpe England, and died on 30 October 1899, at Bulla Victoria. Australia. John, with his parents and brother Stephen moved to COLD HIGHAM LODGE, Pattishall via Towcester, (photo below right) Northamptonshire England, from Rothersthorpe on approximately 18 March 1814.
John and Margaret (Rice) Dickins (John's parents) farmed on their property at Pattishall during their lifetime, until approximately 1854. On 18 October 1828, John Dickins (the son) became an apprentice to James Phipps, Butcher, of Northamptonshire, for the period of 8 years. John's father had to pay James Phipps the sum of thirty five pounds for his apprenticeship.
At the end of the year 1839, John decided to migrate to Australia. He came on the sailing vessel 'China' and arrived in Melbourne Australia on 1 May 1840. The voyage taking approximately six months.
On the journey John acted as the ship's butcher. After arriving in Melbourne he took a position as a slaughterman at the abattoir (then on the Yarra River, where the Gas Works were later built). John was the first master slaughterman in Melbourne having slaughtered the first cattle at Fisherman's Bend. After 12 months at this occupation he opened his own slaughter house, on the salt water river. Cattle were herded by drovers down from northern New South Wales and Queensland, to his slaughter house. On the 24 April 1842 he married a widow, Catherine Maloney (previous married name O'Brien). Catherine had come out to Australia on the same vessel as John. After their marriage they lived firstly on the salt water river, near their slaughter house, and then later, John bought 2 acres of land and they built a 2 storey home on this land, at Phillipstown (now Union Street Brunswick). They lived there for some years before selling it to a market gardener. On 19 June 1852* John purchased 541 acres (more or less) which, when surveyed on 22 April 1895 was found to be 646 acres, 1 rod (sic, rood), 7 perches. in the Parish of Holden for the sum of 3000 pounds from Alexander Sim. The Agents for Mr. Sim were Messrs. Mickle and Bakewell.
(*This obviously came from a title document so 1851 and 1854 are both wrong.)
Isaac Batey wrote many articles about the pioneers of the Sunbury area under his own name later on for the Sunbury newspaper. I've read them all and I've only found one mistake, in regard to David O'Nial's Lady of the Lake Hotel (at Melway 5H11 near Millar Rd.)which he gave another name (the Lady of the Lady if I recall correctly), unfortunately resulting in this error being repeated in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970. I am sure that it was Isaac Batey who wrote this article in 1892 as RAMROD and that there is information in it that I did not find in his later articles. There are terrific descriptions of the pioneers (rivalled only by Harry Huntington Peck's MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and other details such as their arrivals, locations, capabilities, relationships and so on that won't be found elsewhere.
Pages 3 and 4, The Bacchus Marsh Express,19-11-1892.
(I acknowledge the terrific efforts of GraemeSymington, mlizziec and Robin.Vowels to correct the digitisation. I have taken the liberty of dividing this extremely long account into paragraphs in order to make it easier to read.)
THE MEN OF 1846 IN SUNBURY AND
IN a recent issue of the Express appeared an ex-
tract from the Australasian, which in historical
data was misleading. Having resided in the
district I am writing about off and on since Jan-
uary, 1846, I propose to give an account of the
runs, and the gentlemen who occupied them in
that remote era. Being too young at that time
I cannot clearly define the boundaries of the
respective stations, but I can give what is called
"the general lay," and with reference to the
holders I can speak with authority. Moreover,
by way of giving an interest to this paper, I shall
mention names of people who had temporarily
squatted down, or were about, before our advent.
As a starting point Red Stone Hill will be
selected. Originally old John Brock pitched on
this run in a basin with a hill in its centre, and
that locality with us has ever been styled
"Brook's bottom." Mr. Brock must have
located on the spot referred to in 1835, and that
he had remained some time was shown in the
mounds of two sod built huts. He informed the
late Mr. Martin Batey why he built on this par-
ticular hill was because it was timberless, and
convenient to the water. The main considera-
tion was that no blacks could approach unseen.
From this place I cannot trace his movements*
save that in 1846* he held the Bolinda Vale run,
which never belonged to Mr. W. J. T. Clarke
until he obtained the Special Survey from the
New South Wales Government when this colony
was on the eve of separation in 1851. The sur-
vey surrounded Brock's homestead, and that
gentleman's folks took up the pre-emptive right
further north. Mr. Brock was a Scotchmnan.
One of his sons, named Alexander, married
Rachel, eldest daughter of Mr. Lewis Clarke,
uncle to the baronet.
(MY COMMENT. John Brock's run near Bolinda was probably lost to the special survey. John Brock is the one who led me to this article. I'd just finished reading VICTORIAN PLACES- BUNDOORA which described how Janefield (now Latrobe University) was named after the wife of his son, James. There was until recently a farm of 180 acres at Greenvale between Somerton Rd and "Dunhelen" named "Brocklands" after John Brock. It was originally called North Springfield and owned by an elderly Miss McKerchar but after her death it was bought by the Gamble family, related to the Brocks; the southern half of the original 360 acre Springfield" grant becoming a dairy farm owned by Wal French after whom French Rd. was named. Brocklands was bought by Aitken College and the school is now surrounded by a large new estate.)
Besides Brock a Mr. Dare had sat down on the place, and on the Emu
Creek traces of the domicile of Mr. Samms are to
be seen yet. Those enumerated would be on
Red Stone Hill previous to 1840. Afterwards
the run was in the hands of Shaw and Bakewell,
in partnership, but whether it was John or
Robert Bakewell I cannot say. The late Mr.
Mathew Ingle Browne, of Dennistoun's old
Greenhills run (MY COMMENT. TOOLERN VALE), stated to Martin Batey that Mr.
Shaw was a relative of his. Shaw's hut-it was
nothing but huts then-was habitable on our
arrival. He had also built a slab-walled shingled
roofed woolshed, apparently at more recently
erected structure. Red Stone Hill was purchased from Mr. William Postlethwaite, who had also
been in partnership with one of the Bakewells.
The names of the two new partners in this ven-
ture were Frederick Nevins Flintoff, and Martin
Batey. It was a small place, containing only
2,780 acres, but its capacity was up to a sheep to
Flintoff and BatEy were from the
county of Durham, passengers per the Ferguson,
Peter Virtue commander; Jamieson, 1st; Henry
Goen, 2nd; and Lionel Pilkington, 3rd mate;
George Norris, surgeon; William Goen and -
Mere midshipmen. The Ferguson, 555 tons
register, made the voyage from Plymouth to
Port Philip in sixteen weeks to a day, and cast
anchor off Liardet's beach* on the 15th January, (*PORT MELBOURNE)
1841. Let me now ascend Red Stone Hill.
the west we have Glencoe*, now Digger's Rest,(*SITE OF THE SUNBURY POPS FESTIVAL)
proprietored by the two brothers John William,
and Edward Page, and worthy men they were,
but awfully happy-go-lucky. These men were
from Kent. Mr. Batey interviewed them in
January, 1840, when the brothers informed him
that they had been on the station going on
eleven years. At this rate they arrived in 1835.
How their run was called Glencoe came about
in this wise. Edward Page happening to be in
town an old Highlandman asked what name he
had bestowed on the squattage ? Page replied
"none yet." When the Caledonian said " call
it Glencoe, and I'll stand sam all round."
Glencoe was considered a good sized pasturage,
containing as it did 7,040 acres. John Page was
a very handsome man, with full black beard,
worn short, a pale face, and in his deportment
decidedly a gentleman. Edward was also good
looking, but had no education. Both died poor.
Handsome, sprightly, John departed this life in
1862, in the 43rd year of his age, at Woodend.
Edward, who might be five years older, died
To the south and east was the
run of Brodie Brothers, related on the maternal
side to Sir John Sinclair, of Caithness, North
Britain. Richard Sinclair managed the station,
whilst his elder brother, George Sinclair Brodie,
conducted the business of an auctioneer in Mel-
Some years ago a short but excellent
story appeared in the Leader, entitled Malcolm
Donald's* courtship, and one of the characters
was called Dick Brodie.
(See James Malcolm's 'Olrig' homestead - Craigieburn Historical Interest ...
The language was so
like that of Brodie that I recognised him at once,
while the other was changed, as an American
would put it, by turning the back name to the
front. In short, it was the history of Donald
Malcolm's courtship and marriage of a governess
out the way of Kinlochewe, now Cragieburn, if
memory serves. Brodie used to speak of Mal-
colm marrying the lady in question.
run was extensive, for it ran up between the
Emu and Deep creeks, bounding John Slade
Headlam's, and I think it touched on the Fen
ton's Hill run, owned by W. J. T. and Lewis
This station, belonging to" Big Clarke,"
as he was commonly designated, was in charge
of his brother Lewis, who, according to Brodie,
was the worst sheep manager on that side of the
country. The station was once owned by a com-
pany of tradesmen in Van Diemans Land, small
shopkeepers, I believe, and as they were mostly
from the land of bannocks they were dubbed the
"Dirty Scotch Company." Their manager's
name was Fenton. Whether the Messrs. Clarke
acquired this station from the company referred
to I am unable to say. This I do know that it
was the only squatting property that W. J. T.
and L. Clarke held in the Sunbury district till
1851, when the elder brother took up the special
survey. Till that date Mr. Lewis Clarke resi
ded on the Fenton's Hill run, the homestead
being situated on the lower end of the Congre-
gatta* creek, a stream coming down from Chintin, (PROBABLY KONAGADERRA)
and flowing about midway between the Emu
and Deep creeks. On the purchase of the survey
(Clarke) that gentleman went to reside in Brock's
house at Bolinda. Mr. W. J. T. Clarke, when
down from his Dowling Forest station in the
vicinity of Ballarat, lived with his brother in
Brock's old house.
The dwelling on Jackson's
creek, which the Australasian credits Mr. W. J.
T. Clarke with having erected, was built by the
late Captain Robert Gardiner towards the end of
his lesseeship of Bolinda. The Captain, in con-
junction with Mr. Lewis Clarke, rented all Mr.
W. J. T. Clarke's land with the exception of
Rockbank. On the expiration of Clarke and
Gardiner's tenancy the baronet* became the lessee (SIR WM JN CLARKE, SON OF WILLIAM JOHN TURNER "BIG" CLARKE.)
of the Bolinda and Rockbank properties, and
resided in the house rebuilt by the Captain till the
completion of Rupertswood mansion, If the
late Mr. W. J. T. Clarke ever lived in this house
of Gardiner's it was only as a visitor. The
Brodies held what was then considered an exten-
sive tract of country, for besides the run already
spoken of part of the station was on the east side
of the Deep creek. They occupied country at
Cragieburn, and a block on the Coliban, but I
fancy the last mentioned was Richard's exclu-
sively. Both those brothers are now dead.
Richard went over to the great majority on the
18th of January, 1872, and George about 1881.
Richard Sinclair Brodie was a great raconteur,
for he had the histories of the old squatters at
his finger ends, and though of an eccentric turn
of mind he was possessed of splendid mental
gifts, which would have enabled him to cut a
figure in the history of the colony had he been
able to overcome his diffidence.
Joining Brodies on the south was the holding of Major
Firebrace*; whilst nearer to Melbourne was that
of the late Mr. Pomeroy Greene, father of Moles-
worth Greene, Esq., of Greystones near Bacchus
Marsh. Major Firebrace was in occupation in
1846, but I think he must have left not long
after that year or else the writer would have
remembered the date of his departure.
(*BETWEEN SOMERTON RD AND DUNHELEN INCLUDING SPRINGFIELD,AND (GLENARTHUR AND WALTHAM, NOW THE RESERVOIR.)
In reference to Mr. Pomeroy Greene I cannot say if he
was alive in 1846. A photograph of Woodlands
house, the gift of Mr. Molesworth Greene's mother,
is in the possession of my family. Old Smith,
the butler, is standing on the verandah. Mrs.
Anne Greene, at her own expense, built St.
Mary's church at Woodlands, a substantial blue
stone structure, which was formally opened on
the 14th December, 1858.
On that day the
Rev. Charles Perry - Bishop oF Melbourne,
attended by the now patriarchal Dean Hussey
Burgh Macartney, administered the rite of con-
firmation to several young people, amongst whom
was Miss Fanny Wright, daughter of Tulip
Wright, the first chief Constable of Melbourne.
Among those at the opening ceremony was the
foundress, Mrs. Anne Greene, her brother, Mr.
Griffith, Sir William and Lady Stawell*, Messrs. (SIR WILLIAM STAWELL MARRIED ANNE GREENE'S DAUGHTER)
Rawdon F. and William F. Greene, and, I think,
some younger members of the family. Possibly
Mr. Molesworth Greene was also present. In
this church a baptismal font* and a memorial (THE FONT WAS A PRESENT FROM ESSENDON IN ENGLAND.)
window are erected to the memory of Mrs.
Across from Woodlands on the Deep
Creek was the run of Mr. Coghill*, (*GLENCAIRN-SOUTHERN PART OF GLENARA, AND CUMBERLAND, SOUTH OF WOODLANDS)
but it is out of my recollection if he occupied it under a
squatting license in 1846. (GLENCAIRN, SECT.16 TULLAMARINE GRANTED 16-12-1848, CUMBERLAND IN WILL WILL ROOK POSSIBLY BOUGHT FROM THOMAS WILLS, OVERLANDER AND UNCLE OF TOM WILLS AND H.C.HARRISON, CREATOR AND CODIFIER OF AUSSIE RULES.)
Again to Red Stone
Hill. This place was bounded on the west and
north by Kurrakurracup*, owned by the brothers (*KOORAKOORACUP ACCORDING TO SYMONDS IN BULLA BULLA)
William and Samuel Jackson, pioneers of 1835,
per schooner Enterprise, her first voyage up the
Yarra with permanent settlers.
On that occasion John Pascoe Fawkner remained behind sick* (*NOT ALLOWED TO LEAVE TILL DEBTS SETTLED-C.P.BILLOT)
at Georgetown, Tasmania. Brodie's version was
that the father of Australian journalism was too
frightened to venture across Bass's strait.
Jacksons were Londoners. Samuel followed the
profession of an architect, and he designed St.
Francis's Roman Catholic cathedral, corner of
Elizabeth and Lonsdale streets. I do not sup-
pose he planned the whole of the structure, yet
what it was when first opened was Mr. Jackson's
work. William Jackson was in partnership with
his brother in the Sandford station over Portland
Bay district, and I believe his nephew resides
William Jackson (or, as his familiars
designated him, "The General" albeit a brusque,
abrupt, pompous man, at bottom was a very
worthy fellow. His house-a pizey one, that is
to say that its walls were composed of Egyptian
bricks on a large scale-stood on the fiat south
of the Rupertswood residence. Jackson, when
the late W. J. T. Clarke took up the survey,
having a comfortable little competency, resolved
to retire from squatting pursuits, and sailed for
London at the end of 1851, as near as memory
serves. Before leaving he went round to bid
all his co-pioneers adieu. He died before 1860,
whilst the demise of his brother is comparatively
Joining Kurrakurracup on the north
was the pretty little walk of Emu Bottom,( A GUESS-the run of George Evans who had come from)
Essex, and who as a mere boy had fought under
Lord Nelson either at Copenhagen or the more
memorable battle of Trafalgar. He acquired the
pre-emptive right section now in the occupation
of Mr. Robert Evans, his eldest son. "Uncle
George," as he was called, came over with the
Jacksons in 1835, aboard the schooner Enterprise.
He died about 1876, and if he had seen a day he
must have seen 90 odd years.
On the Emu
Creek was the station of John Slade Headlam,
in partnership with his brother William Head-
lam, who died manager of Moira, on the Murray,
Above Clarke's Fentons Hill run,
and on the upper course of the Congreegatta
creek, was Murphy's homestead. I do not re-
member if Murphy occupied it in 1846.
property ran from Bolinda to the Sugarloaf, on
the Deep creek, not far from Romsey.
the Deep creek from Brock's was Chintin, owned
by Mr. Purves, father of the eminent Q.C. Mr.
Purves, senior, who followed the profession of a
merchant in Melbourne, was a great sporting
man; kept a stud of horses, and owned the
celebrated racing mare Bessie Bedlam.
(JAMES HEARN WHO MARRIED BIG CLARKE'S SISTER, BIG CLARKE, JOHN VANS AGNEW BRUCE, WHO BUILT THE RAILWAY THROUGH SUNBURY, AND JAMES PURVES WERE ALL ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUNBURY AREA AND THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA, AS DISCUSSED IN MY JOURNALS, HEARN OF THORNGROVE AT THE NORTH EAST CORNER OF WILL WILL ROOK, LAST LESSEE OF THE MOUNT MARTHA RUN AND GRANTED MUCH OF IT, CLARKE AND BRUCE OWNED THE PRESENT SAFETY BEACH AREA EAST TO BULLDOG CREEK ROAD, AND PURVES WAS THE LAST LESSEE OF THE TOOTGAROOK RUN, GRANTED MUCH OF IT.)
Purves's in the great elbow of the Deep creek,
where the village of Darraweitguim is now situ-
ated, was Lovelybanks, belonging to Dollar
Steele. I imagine old Tom Brock had a strip of
squatting country adjoining Steele's seeing he
got a pre-emptive right on the west bank of the
Deep creek. Opposite to T. Brock's was Broad-
hurst's and Tootal's, whilst below them was the
run occupied by William Rigg.
Just above Steele's, on the No. 3 creek, was
Major Boyd's. I met the old Major in 1863 at a
party given by Mr. Macmartin, who had purchased
Tom Brock's homestead. Major Boyd was then in
his 78th year, died soon after.
At Lancefield Mr. Dunsford had a station,
and that town bears the name Dunsford gave it.
(THE LANCEFIELD ROAD HEADING NORTH FROM THE CONSTITUTION HOTEL WAS KNOWN AS THE DUNSFORD TRACK.)
He was in partnership with Bear* and Godfrey".(*PROBABLY JOHN PINNEY BEAR AND FREDERICK RACE GODFREY. JAMES PURVES' DAUGHTER MARRIED J.R. GODFREY. THE GODFREYS ESTABLISHED "MT. RIDLEY" WHICH THE PURVES WOULD HAVE PASSED ON THEIR WAY TO CHINTON.)
Up beyond Lancefield was
Doctor Baynton's, and off towards Pyalong,
Mollison's, known amongst old hands under the
nick-name of "Bulleyed Mollison." Between
Lancefield and Kilmore was Captain Kane's. I
am doubtful if he was there in 1848. Kane's run
in later times was held successively by Fraser
and Donald Ferguson.
Kinlochewe (ROCKY WATERHOLES) was the
squattage of James and Donald Malcolm.
I believe that, besides joining Jackson's, George
Evans's holding touched on Riddell's and
Hamilton's Cairnhill, and John Aitken's.
Mr.William Robertson held Wooling, and was
bounded by Riddell and Hamilton. Matson's
was out in what is now the Bullengarook West
division of Gisborne. From what I can learn
Mr. Ross Watt was in the occupation of Rosslyne
as far back as 1843. John Aitken, of Mount
Aitken, I fancy run pretty well up to Gisborne,
and he would touch most likely northwards on
Evans, Riddell, and Hamilton ; and on the Green-
hills, now Mr. Browne's.
(ISAAC'S IDEA OF THE SUNBURY DISTRICT IS RATHER ELASTIC, JUST AS WAS MINE OF THE BULLA DISTRICT WHEN I WROTE MY DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. THE PARISHES SOUTH AND WEST OF JACKSONS CREEK ARE COVERED IN SOME DETAIL AND THE RUMOUR THAT BATMAN'S DAUGHTER WAS BURIED NEAR TOOLERN VALE IS DISCOUNTED.ONE OF THE GRANTEES NEAR TOOLERN VALE HAD THE QUEER SURNAME OF SNOWBALL!)
The latter has been
adverted to as belonging to Dunnistown. It was
managed by one of the Colliers, which I know
not. There were two Colliers-John and William
-both of whom married daughters of John
Batman. Aitken would meet Page and Jackson
on the east, while possibly he joined Yuille to the
south, and Pyke on the west.
homestead was on that part of the Kororoit
Creek where the Rockbank hotel was built
during the rush to Blackwood diggings. Yuille
would bound James Robertson's Keilor or
Aberfeldie run. (YUILLES RUN WAS THEREFORE IN THE PARISH OF HOLDEN. JAMES ROBERTSON'S RUN WAS UPPER KEILOR IN THE PARISH OF MARIBYRNONG. IT ADJOINED WILLIAM TAYLOR'S "OVERNEWTON" AND WENT WEST TO SYDENHAM. HIS DILAPIDATED HOMESTEAD IS BETWEEN THE KEILOR PUBLIC GOLF COURSE AND DEEP CREEK. I DON'T THINK HIS ABERFELDIE LAND (ORIGINALLY CALLED SPRING HILL AND LEASED BY DUGAL MCPHAIL) OR MAR LODGE BETWEEN McCRACKEN ST AND WILLIAM HOFFMAN'S BUTZBACH WERE PART OF A RUN. THE PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA WAS ALIENATED PRETTY EARLY AND HE SECURED THE GRANTS.)
I believe the late James
Pinkerton's station extended from the Werribee
(where I saw his old house in 1868) to the
present Rockbank home-station. Pinkerton
would bound Mr. Simon Staughton's Exford
station, and Pyke's Melton run. Some years
ago I write in the Australasian that the Pykes
owned Melton, when a certain person asserted
that they never held it at any time. Also that
their place was at Ballan. In those days the
bulk of squatters bore an alias. Thus there was
"Hungry Pyke" and "Gentleman Pyke." A
third brother was Doctor Pyke. Gentleman
Pyke was, I take it, the one at Ballan, whilst
the other two were at Melton, died, and were
buried there. Mr. P. Murphy, and Mr. J. L.
Robertson, Melton, saw the graves some distance
from Melton, perhaps a mile. One tombstone
records the death of the two brothers, and as
Mr. Murphy took a copy of the inscription I
give it for the edification of the readers of the
Express :-William Pyke, Surgeon, died Sept.
20th, 1850, aged 35 years; George Pyke, died
July 15th, 1855, aged 35 years.
Wedge, whose station was about Wyndham, was
drowned in the great Werribee flood of the 27th
May, 1852. Langhorne's was somewhere down
I believe on what is the Chirnside estate.
Of the names of the squatters enumerated I once
saw Mr. John Aitken, who struck me as being a
very handsome man. I have seen one of the
Colliers occasionally--a fine, well-looking man,
of true English yeoman cut. Some years ago
the Hon . T. F. Hamilton informed me that the
surviving Collier had amassed sufficient money
to enable him to buy the estate he was born on
I knew Messrs. William John
Turner and Lewis Clarke well. They were
Somersetshire men of magnificent physical
development, more especially the elder brother,
but Lewis was decidedly a handsome fellow.
George Evans I was thoroughly acquainted with.
He was more like an English country squire
than any of the settlers. He was a jolly-looking,
brisk, hearty, hospitable old gentleman, of a fine
appearance, and unlike the common run of his
fellows a very temperate man. Though his
education was limited he had the courtliness of
the old school. With us young fellows it was a
point of duty to call on Mr. Evans at his town
house. The old gentleman, on bidding him fare-
well, never omitted to thank us with the greatest
cordiality for coming to see him. On those
occasions he would say "I'll see Batey, Brodie,
and the rest of them out, yes, yes, damnnit." Of
the ancient standards he saw them all depart
within some half dozen. John Slade Headlam
I saw frequently. He was a stoutish gentlemanly
looking person, apparently a gentleman farmer's
son. With Richard Sinclair Brodie I was most
intimate, and passionate though he was there
were only two falls out between us. Brodie was
an expert penman, and instead of forwarding a
verbal message he invariably wrote. Martin
Batey was his greatest friend, consequently that
gentleman's family have scores of letters from
Brodie's hand. Mr. Brodie must have arrived
sometime in 1836, because the ewes that Page
brought over in 1835 yewed their lambs where
Brodie afterwards established his headquarters.
William Jackson I knew pretty well, but never
saw his brother Samuel that I can recollect.
"The General," unlike most of the squatters of
the day on that line, wore a coat instead of the
universal blue serge shirt. Headlam, by way of
distinction, sported a red one. The writer has
seen Mr. James Pinkerton frequently, and a very
I fine old gentleman was he, with his broad Scotch
dialect, I was also acquainted with William Rigg,
and once met Duncan Malcolm. Pages I knew
well. The younger brother John left Glencoe in
1855; Edward in 1859. John Mickle, one of
our very early stocksales men, often came out
into the country. Mickle, a fine burly Scot,
married one of the Misses Lilburne, a lady pretty
near as tall as he was himself. Amongst those
who were about then, or had been in the neigh-
bourhood, were Slodden, Sherwin, Hyde, Mac-
Leod, Chisholm. Bob Aitken, and Whitesides, a
connection of Captain Foster Fyans. There
were three brothers Francis, John, and Thomas
Jones Perry, Berkshire gentlemen, whom I knew
well. I have seen Richard Waltham Sutton,
owner of the celebrated Suffolk punch Emperor.
James Ireland, who was the groom, came out
with the Berrys. Emperor stood at Red Stone
Hill in 1845-6.
Our first tutor was Mr. Devilliers*,
rejoicing under the alias of " Old Moosh." He
had been in the black police at Dandenong, with
(*READ ABOUT HOW HIS NO GOOD DAMPER INN GOT ITS NAME.
Tuckwell, generally known as long
Tuckwell, was huntsman to Pyke's hounds, and
I believe he married a Miss Jamieson, of Bunin-
yong. I do not remember having seen Mr.
Staughton, senr., or Captain Bacchus, but my
late father has met the Captain's son at dingo
hunting meets with Pyke's hounds. Of others,
such as station friends, were Thomas Jardine,
Bolivar Long, Wm. Word, John Hogben, Thos.
Kissock, George Milner, Henry Redman Favell,
and James Dover Hill. The two latter were
passengers in the Ferguson. At the time of our
arrival Tulip Wright kept the Bridge
Inn at Gisborne*, kept once by Mr. Stokes, son- (*I THINK HE MEANS BULLA)
in-law to the late Mr. William Robertson, of
Wooling. The brothers Simon and Charles
Harvey (their sister was the wife of Mr. John
Aitken) often dropped in at Red Stone hill. I
could mention many more at the expense of being
tedious, but as this paper has run out to an
extreme length it must be cut short. In con-
clusion I may observe that my father, who care-
fully preserved every scribble that came to his
hand, left behind him heaps of letters and busi-
ness, documents which would throw a deal of
light on bygone days. Furthermore the writer
has to add that what he has written has been
flung together without reference to method or
design, and he ventures to express the hope that
this rough historical sketch of the men of 1846
will gratify his readers.
In the last few months there seem to have been some blank and apparently crank comments under my journals* and as my time is too precious to waste, I'm hoping the private message from rosebudtwo wasn't of a similar nature.
(*Two from this person, to whom I sent this private message to which I did not receive a reply:
Subject: ARE YOU HAVING TROUBLE POSTING?
Date: 2017-06-26 20:38:26
There is no message in either comment.)
Subject: carmelo and mariano pidoto
Date: 2017-07-03 05:24:49
i am the great grandson of mariano pidoto and have lived in dromana and rosebud 51 years most of the data is right some is not
As usual, I replied promptly, supplying my address, email address and phone number.
Subject: RE: carmelo and mariano pidoto
Date: 2017-07-03 07:33:28
I'd love to find out what is wrong so I can correct it.
Perhaps rosebudtwo was distracted by some problem and just forgot to reply, and this journal will catch his attention.
PIDOTO.-On 10th July, at her residence, 53 Stevedore Street,Williamstown North, Agnes, relict of the late Captain Mariano James Pidoto, dearly loved mother of Vera (Mrs. Geary), Eileen, Leslie (late R.A.N.), James (2nd
A.I.F.), Ann and May; loved stepmother of Rosina (Mrs. F. Patterson), John (dec.), Cecilia (Mrs.C.G.Yeomans, Sydney), William(dec.), Joseph and Ted. In her 85th year. A patient sufferer. Rest in peace.
(P.12, Williamstown Chronicle, 11-7-1947.)
An old and esteemed resident,Mrs. Agnes Pidoto, died on Thursday of last week as her home, 53 Stevedore- Street, after an illness of only a few days. She was born at Talbot 84 years ago and was the widow of the late Capt.
Mariano Pidoto. She had resided locally for 60 years and leaves four sons and six daughters to mourn their loss. The funeral took place on Friday afternoon, leaving her residence for interment in the local cemetery. Many beautiful floral tributes were received. Ernest W. Jackson & Son had charge of the funeral arrangements and
the Rev. Fr. L. J. O'Neill officiated at the cemetery.(P.2, Williamstown Chronicle, 18-7-1947.)
Agnes' maiden name was Hobson. VICTORIAN BDM.
EventDeath Event registration number6879 Registration year1947
Family namePIDOTO Given namesAgnes SexFemale Father's nameHOBSON Joseph Mother's nameMargaret (Bowie) Place of birthTALBOT Place of deathWILLIAMSTOWN Age84
Death record for Mariano James Pidoto.
EventDeath Event registration number14470 Registration year1917
Family namePIDOTO Given namesMariano Jas SexUnknown Father's namePidoto Juan Mother's nameRosa (Strana) Place of birth Place of deathWmstown Age77
PETER PIDOTO'S BIRTH RECORD.
This shows that Victorian BDM data relies on what informants provide and typos are not unknown. Peter and Mariano's parents were obviously the same.
EventDeath Event registration number10319 Registration year1891
Family namePIDOTO Given namesCarmelo SexFemale Father's nameGiovanni Mother's nameRosa (Straus) Place of birth Place of deathFitz N Age60
THAT'S ALL FOR NOW. I THINK PETER'S PLACE OF BIRTH WAS SUPPLIED IN THE JOURNAL I WROTE ABOUT HIM.
Where did Mariano and Agnes meet? Did Agnes remarry or did Mariano? Who were the parents of Agnes' stepchildren, Mrs F.Patterson (Rosina), etc.?
Years ago, I researched Peter Young of Nairn for my dictionary history of Bulla, where he was one of the earliest pioneers.He later moved to a place called "Clyde". I always felt guilty that I had not provided more information about him after that time and while sipping a coffee tried to find the birth record of a child born at "Nairn" in 1850-without success. Suspecting that I'd found the name of Peter's wife, I googled ERSKINE SUSAN YOUNG and found the Peter Young conversation on this website, (i.e.
Peter and Susan YOUNG - Page 2 - Family History UK Genealogy ...
Could Susan Erskine have been Peter's second wife? The mention of John William's baptism below led me to this birth record.
EventBirth Event registration number889 Registration year1843
Family nameYOUNG Given namesJohn William SexMale Father's namePeter Mother's nameElizabeth Place of birthMELBOURNE
PETER AND SUSAN'S CHILDREN, FROM VICTORIAN BDM.
No record found. BIRTH.
At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla, on the 25th instant, Mrs. Peter Young, of a daughter. (P.2, Argus, 27-4-1850.)
EventBirth Event registration number182 Registration year1853
Family nameYOUNG Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
EventBirth Event registration number6807 Registration year1855
Family nameYOUNG Given namesJanet SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN
EventBirth Event registration number13986 Registration year1857
Family nameYOUNG Given namesAnn SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN
EventBirth Event registration number6892 Registration year1860
Family nameYOUNG Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
CAMERON—YOUNG - On the 25th April, by the Rev.J. L. Rentoul, John, second son of John Cameron,Esq., tailor, High-street, Prahran, to Margaret, fourth daughter of Peter Young, Esq., 25 Little Collins-street east, Melbourne, and Murray-street, Prahran. P.1, The Age, 5-5-1883. I wonder if Cameron was a descendant of the grantee of section 11, Bulla, north of "Nairn".)
EventBirth Event registration number16886 Registration year1862
Family nameYOUNG Given namesUnnamed Female SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
EventBirth Event registration number10937 Registration year1864
Family nameYOUNG Given namesSusan SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
(Details of Susan's marriage to H.W.Shepherd in 1895 appear below but this notice supplies more information.
SHEPHERD—YOUNG.—On the 10th ult., at Malvern, by the Rev. J. Gordon Mackie, Henry Wastdale Shepherd, of Albert-park, solicitor, second son of the late Richard Shepherd, Esq., major V.V.A. (unattached), to Susan, daughter of the late Peter Young, Esq., of Melbourne, and Clyde-park,Westernport. P.1, Argus, 6-5-1895.)
EventBirth Event registration number10492 Registration year1866
Family nameYOUNG Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthP'RAN
(Elizabeth's marriage notice which alerted me to the birth.
DOWNES — YOUNG. — On the 28th ult., at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. J.G.Mackie, Arthur William, third son of John Downes, Prahran, to Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Peter Young, of Melbourne and Westernport. P.11, Weekly Times,22-4-1893.)
Looks like another one!
YOUNG.—On the 10th inst, at Prahran, Mrs. Peter Young of a son.(P.4, Argus, 13-4-1869.)
EventBirth Event registration number10899 Registration year1869
Family nameYOUNG Given namesPeter Alexander SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN
(Peter's marriage notice.
YOUNG — CHAMBERLIN. — On the 10th ult., at the residence of the bride's sister, Airlie, Byron street. North Brighton, by the Rev. W. S. Rolland, Peter, son of Peter Young, of Melbourne and Western Port, to Edith, youngest daughter of George F. Chamberlin, chemist, South Yarra. P.11, Weekly Times,18-6-1892.)
Frisky devil! Poor Susan!
EventBirth Event registration number25553 Registration year1871
Family nameYOUNG Given namesAlexander Robert SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
That's all folks! The last two inserted this notice a year after their father's death.
YOUNG.—In loving memory of our dear father, Peter Young, who departed this life August 9, 1893.—(Inserted by his loving sons, P. and A.Y.) P.1, Argus, 9-8-1894.
SUSAN YOUNG'S DEATH RECORD.
EventDeath Event registration number12303 Registration year1878
Family nameYOUNG Given namesSusan SexUnknown Father's nameErskine Thomas Mother's nameJanet (Fraser) Place of birthSCOT Place of death Age46 Spouse's family nameYOUNG Spouse's given namesPeter
YOUNG.-On the 17th inst., at Murray-street,Prahran, Susan, the beloved wife of Peter Young,aged 46 years.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 26 October 1878 p 2)
Peter was much involved in the betterment of facilities in the Bulla- Broadmeadows area, particularly the establishment of a Presbyterian Church and a vigorous campaign to have mail deliveries to Bulla re-established. Clyde (Clyde Park) was at Westernport as stated in Peter's death notice, by which time he was living in Prahran and was a wire worker. He had left Clyde Park and his occupation seemed to present a marked contrast to the extensive background he gave when setting up as a stock and station agent soon after his arrival. But his funeral notice indicates that he owned his own business.
YOUNG.—On the 9th inst., at his residence, 51
Murray-street, Prahran, Peter Young, wire worker,
of Melbourne, and of Clyde-park, Westernport,
aged 66 years. A colonist of 40 years.
YOUNG.—The Friends of the late Mr. PETER
YOUNG, wireworker, of Little Lonsdale-street,
city, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to
the place of interment, the St. Kilda General
The funeral is appointed to move from his late
residence, 51 Murray-street, Prahran, tomorrow
(Friday, August 11, 1893), at 3 o'clock punctually.
(Both P.1, Argus, 18-8-1893.)
PLEASE FORGIVE MY NOT HAVING CORRECTED THE TEXT. (I probably corrected it in my dictionary history of Bulla.)
MR. PETER YOUNG.
FORMERLY Land Steward for the
Marquis of Brcadalbane, afterwards
Experimental Farmer and Land Steward for
A. Spcirs, Esq., Elderslic, M. P. for Rich-
mond, subsequently Superintendent of tlie
Government Domain Farm in Van Diemen's
Land ; and Utterly Superinteaacat ' of the
extensive Sheep, Cattle, and Iforse. Stations
belonging to Messrs. J. and" W. Macarthur,
of Camden, New South >Y tiles, to whom he
also acted in the capacity of Land Surveyor
and Valuator — Begs most respectfully to
announce to his numerous friends in Port
Phillip, and the public in general, that he
has commenced the business of
AUCTIONEER & COMMISSION AGENT
for the Sale of Live Stock, Landed Property
and Merchandize in general.
Mr. Y., in addition to tho experience ac
quired in the management Hiid sale of stock
in Scotland, ""whore the cattle he bred for the
Marquis of Br 0adalhane carried the prizes
at tlie Highland Society of Scotland'sgeneral
shows for many years, andthcir increase still
continue to ma ntain the former character
for superiority, i he liae alsoliad the benefit
of acquiring a knowledge of the manage
ment of stock A practised in Van Diemon's
Land ; and he particularly bogs to refer to
tne ample opportunities afforded him under
the. Messrs. Macarthur, of Camden, of ob
taining tlie best information to bo got in
the Colo nies of Australasia, as to the man
agement of sheep, both as regards the best
mode of breeding aud classifying fine
woollcd sheep, and the methods of washing,
sorting, and getting up their fleeces. Mr.
Y. would further add, that he not only
studied the above branches of pastoral pur
suits under Messrs. Macarthur, (whose ex
tensive experience' is well known,) but like
wise had the advantage of studying the
German method of breeding sheep and
sorting wool, with Mr. KeUh, from Ger
many, then wool-sorter for Messrs. Macar
thur, now wool-sorter for the Australian
Agricultural Company at Port Stephens.
Mr. Y., therefore, would submit to any
Gentlemen, favouring" him with their
Commissions, that he' is enabled to give
useful advice either in tlie ' sale or
purchase of sheep stock, or as to
the quality of country suited for
their pasture. For liis experience in
the breeding and value of horses and cattle,"
as well as his knowledge of the value of land
and liifi capacity to conduct tlie sale of other
rroductiooe of rural economy, Mr. Y, would
most respectfully beg leave to refer to tlie
testimonials lie liolds from C. "W. Campbell,
Esq., of Boreland, J.P. and B.B. ; A. G.
Speirs, Esq., of Culcreuch, Deputy Lord
Lieutenant pf Stirlingshire, and late M. P.
for Paisley ; the late A. Speirs, Esq., of
Elderslic, late M. P. for Richmond ; Jaines
Hamilton, Esq., hiR Prussian MajcstyVCon-
sul for the City of Glasgow' ; liis Excellency
Sir GeorgO Arthur, late Governor of Van
Dicmcn's" Land ; Messrs. J. and W. Macar
thur, of Camden, New South Wales ; aud a
number of factors, land stewards, and other
practical stock-breedera and agriculturists
Mr. Y, begs. to state that he has opened
the Livery Stables attached to the Crown
Hotel, Lonbdale-street, until tuoro extensive
premises be erected, where ho will hold
sales of horses by auction and private bar
gain, -on Wednesday and Saturday each
week, beginning tlie public sale regularly at
12 o'clock tioon on each day.
"In conducting the sale of land, Mr. Y
will personally survey, map, and subdivide
it to the bast advantage, not only as regards
ita natural capabilities, but alao to suit the
domand In the market.
In conclusion, Mr. Y. hopes, by diligent
attention to business, strict integrity with
the public, and xe&l for the interest of his
1 constituents, to merit a share Of public
1 Melbourne, 29th July, 1847.
(P.1, Port Phillip Gazette and Settlers' Journal,20-12-1847.)
THE PETER YOUNG ENTRY IN MY DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA JOURNAL.
Extract from my journal JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon mentioned George Langhorne conducting Free Presbyterian services at Peter Young's Nairn and how the United Presbyterians had caused problems. Andrew's source was obviously Peter Young's letter published on page 4 of The Argus of 19-2-1851.
Here are the headlines about Peter Young. He was a very proud Scot with a good knowledge of the "land o' cakes" and a love of poetry. He was on the front foot when situations needed correcting. He was a stalwart of the Free Presbyterians and a member of the Order of Oddfellows, working hard to advance the former and defending the latter group from unjustified criticism. Above all he was an expert farmer, and I mean an EXPERT. He seems to have moved to Clyde Park, Westernport before his death.
TO ACCESS THE BULLA BULLA MAP ONLINE, PASTE THE FOLLOWING INTO YOUR SEARCH BAR AND CLICK ON THE FIRST RESULT.
Bulla Bulla, County of Bourke [cartographic material] / drawn and ...
As I have the Bulla Bulla map now I'll tell you about Nairn before I detail the trove articles. See Melway map 384. Peter Young received the grant for Section 8 (a square mile/ 640 acres) on 26-11-1848. He added the 130 acre 7B on the other side of St John's Lane on 18-9-1851. (St John's lane led to the Brannigans' "St John's Hill".) The William Inglis and Son thoroughbred horse sales complex is in the south east corner of section 8 and the end of the public section of St Johns Rd indicates its north western corner. Allotment B of section 7 is between St Johns Rd and Deep Creek; the southern boundary was the now closed road in C-E 12 and the northern boundary is indicated by 110 St Johns Rd.
TROVE- A CHRONOLOGY.
While reading Isaac Batey's fascinating historical articles in the Sunbury newspaper, I half-noticed his reference to a Mr Young being ( a squatter?) near Essendon in the early days (probably 1847.)This could have been Peter Young. I will start with an advertisement that Peter placed in The Argus (as I thought, soon after arriving), which outlines his past.He was actually in Victoria by 1842!
All items are from The Argus unless otherwise specified: 1846-8 was the Melbourne Argus.
24-9-1847 page 2. Peter announced that he was setting up as an auctioneer and commission agent. He said that he had been land steward for the Marquis of Breadalbane (in Scotland), an experimental farmer and land steward for A. Speirs, the M.P. for Richmond (Tasmania), superintendent of the Government Domain farm in Van Dieman's Land and latterly superintendent of J. and W. Macarthur's stations. Peter must have arrived in Melbourne by 1846 or very early 1847. A letter he wrote to the Port Phillip Gazette was republished in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12-6-1847 page 4.) There had been an outbreak of black leg in young cattle near Port Fairy,to which no solution had been found,and Peter wrote from the Crown Hotel outlining his method that had worked so successfully in New South Wales in the winter of 1837. He had been in charge of 8000 cattle and the sudden death of cattle 20 miles away was put down to snake bites until Peter arrived and diagnosed black leg after dissecting a carcass.
27-1-1847 page 1-2. Peter made a toast at the Robbie Burns Festival that was a virtual history of Scotland and occupied 4 1/2 columns of The Argus.
28-5-1847 page 2. SEYMOUR. Preparations are being made for the sale to be conducted by Mr Peter Young on the 24th. This was to be the first ever in the township.Peter was auctioning well before the advertisement appeared.
1-6-1847 page 2. An excited report of the sale was given. The correspondent told of Peter's plans for regular sales.
3-8-1847 page 2. A DANGEROUS NUISANCE. At the close of business at the Police Office on Saturday, Mr Peter Young informed the Mayor of the cattle, horses, pigs and goats in Latrobe St West and no constable ever being seen to control this. The Chief Constable, who had earlier ignored Peter's complaints, was huffy but the Mayor instructed him to send two constables and impound these animals.
30-11-1847. The Seymour correspondent understood that Peter had intended to conduct quarterly sale but none (bar the first) had come off yet.
20-4-1849 page 4. Peter complained that he hadn't been getting his Argus or Patriot.He was now on Nairn.
19-4-1850 page 3, column 4. FOR SALE. Seed wheat and potatoes of a very superior quality grown from seed of last year's crop at Warrnambool. On sale by the undersigned, Peter Young, Nairn, Deep Creek.
27-4-1850 page 2. BIRTH. At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla on the 25th, Mrs Peter Young of a daughter.
8-1-1851 page 2.(Original correspondence to the Mt Macedon paper.) Peter said that up until the end of 1850 mail had been picked up at Mr Wright's Bridge Inn but the mail run to Mt Macedon now went through Keilor. (This is of interest because it seems that Tulip Wright did start the Lincolnshire Hotel's construction during 1851. Donohue applied for the Bridge Inn licence in 1851 but his application was postponed because of the filthy state of the Bridge Inn. (See THE HOTELS NEAR TULLAMARINE journal.) It may have been because Tulip had left, abandoning his hotel, that the route was changed.)Peter complained that 500 residents near Bulla now had to pick up their mail from Melbourne or Gisborne, stating that only about 5 people lived on the new route between Keilor and The Gap. (He was talking about William Taylor of Overnewton, James Robertson of Upper Keilor,possibly the Page Brothers of Glencoe-I'll have to ask Isaac Batey if they were still there; their drinking might have seen them off by 1851, and one or two others.) P.S. Edward Page advertised the homestead block in 1859. (The Argus 27-6-1859 page 2, column 2.)
10-2-1851 page 2. Peter hasn't given up. He now accuses two magistrates of using undue influence to change the mail run. One magistrate was certainly William Taylor; I'm not sure if Robertson was a J.P. too. His son, James, was and another son, Francis, was a member of parliament.
19-2-1851 page 4.Peter wrote a letter about Langhorne teaching Sunday School at the schoolhouse on Nairn on Sunday mornings and conducting Free Presbyterian services in the afternoon and how the United Presbyterians
were interfering with their fund-raising for a church for Broadmeadows and Deep Creek (Westmeadows and Bulla.)
"Vision and Realisation", the Victorian Education Department history of 1972, mentioned an early school on the McDougalls' "Warlaby" (probably named Oaklands) in a declivity; this may have been a mistaken reference to Peter's school unless another was built on Warlaby later. My memory from reading the book 20 years ago is dim but I think it mentioned two schools with different National School numbers.
31-5-1851 page 2. Another farming problem had arisen, smut in wheat. As everyone would know, when crops are affected, prices rise. Think bananas! Due to his innovative ideas and experience, Peter had worked out a solution and he could have cashed in big-time. He had put down 140 acres of wheat at Nairn the previous year and not one head of smutted wheat had grown due to his treatment of the grain before planting that he had developed 17 years earlier. Peter was not going to keep this a secret and let his colleague suffer. Could you imagine Coles giving Woolworths a helping hand?
25-6-1852. Peter wrote a letter headed "To Improve Crops by Pollen" which showed that he had a thorough grasp of the history of the development of the various types of wheat.
11-8-1852 page 6.Peter Young of Nairn requested permission from those who had donated money for the church in the parish of Bulla (not enough to proceed) to hand it over to the National School, whose establishment had been resolved at a meeting he'd recently chaired.
The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) 3-11-1852 page 722 (no kidding!) As Peter McCracken , the President of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was absent (due to the drowning of his young son, William, in the Moonee Ponds Creek near the bottom of Pascoe St, Westmeadows; see McCracken below), Peter Young of Nairn took the chair, filling it most capably, at the function to honour David Duncan's service to the organisation. (See the WILLIAM THOMPSON AND DAVID DUNCAN journal.)
6-3-1868 page 2. Evan McIntosh was holding a clearing sale at Nairn, his lease having expired. Peter may have moved to Westernport but he also could have been conducting a business in Melbourne.
6-5-1895 page 1. H.W.Shepherd married Susan, the daughter of the late Mr Peter Young Esquire of Melbourne and Clyde Park, Westernport.
While trove is a fantastic resource, it does not distinguish between the surname Young and the opposite of old, which led to many wasted hours. I did not find any other family notices or references to Clyde Park, Westernport apart from the 1895 marriage of his daughter.
I tried googling YOUNG with CLYDE, BERWICK and WESTERNPORT, the last named combination reminding me of a discovery I made at the P.R.O.V. (See SQUATTERS IN THE WESTERNPORT DISTRICT journal.)
A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the early 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at the Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)
Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.
The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.AHA, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.
Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.
Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)
Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.
Joseph Clarke of "Goolpala", Saltwater River (Probably the future "Rupertswood")might have bought all of Peter's property north of Melbourne.The Argus of 16-9-1865 reported, on page 2, the sale of the late Joseph's estate: lot 1. Nairn; lot 2.About 9 acres of portions 29 and 30 Doutta Galla near the racecourse (the future showgrounds site near Clarke Ave, Melway 28 F11); lots 3-9. original allotments in the Township of Seymour. N.B. Clarke may have bought the showgrounds land from the grantee, Pearson, who had sold 4 acres to John and David Charles Ricketts in 1851.
The advertisement states that Nairn was split into two farms, leased by Mr McIntosh (300 acres) and Mr Millar (450 acres.) Part of Nairn was to become William Michie's "Cairnbrae". It also stated that Peter had framed the economy of Nairn upon sure principles and described the orchards and so on. In 1860, W.C.Howie had been on Nairn and placed a notice about a black pig that had strayed into his paddock (The Argus 30-6-1860 page 8, last column.)
As we know that Peter was an auctioneer, he may have been a partner of the firm of Young and Timbury,which advertised the sale of the cargo of a ship in The Argus of 18-5-1860 (page 2, bottom of column 4.)
I've only scratched the surface of a PETER YOUNG search on trove. For example it appears that his son Peter took over the wire-working business and died at Ingle-Nook in Caulfield in 1922.