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At 3 o'Clock.
By Order of the Curator of intestate Estates,
In the Estate of the Late John Jones
W.A. KORNER will sell by public auction, on
the above date, on tho ground,
1. All deceased's right, title and interest in that
piece of land being part of Crown portion
18, parish of Wannaeue, having frontage to
Government road of 57 ft. by a depth of
329 ft., more or less, together with store and
other improvements thereon.
2. All that piece of land being part of Crown
portion 18, parish of Wannaeue, having front
age of 60 ft. by a depth of 330 ft., more or
Terms at sale.
W. A. Korner, auctioneer, Mornington.
(P.4, The Age, 6-12-1913.)
Mrs Potton who owned the other 150 acres of c/a 18 Wannaeue seems to have bought Jack's 2 acre lot 86 later on..
The Lake brothers tried to get Jack evicted from this land and the court case* revealed that he'd built the store much earlier than 1900 as claimed on the early Rosebud map. In fact, Jack built it in 1883 or 1884 after his store on 854-6 Pt Nepean Rd (lot 6 of the Rosebud Fishing Village) had been burnt down. His new store was right over the beach road from the recently built jetty.
Jack had already sold c/a 6 Rosebud Fishing Village to George Fountain, plumber and last Mayor of North Melbourne, as recorded by one of George's daughters.
"During an unsatisfying holiday, boarding at "Parkmore", kept by Mr Dowdell and woman supervisor, my father walked into the small single fronted wooden store at the corner of Jetty Road and the Highway, now [c. 1954] the fish shop, and asked Mr Jack Jones if he knew of any land for sale in the area. He said he owned a block on the beach and was willing to sell it, so my father bought it on the spot for 40 pounds ($80) and returned to "Parkmore" and said, "I've bought a block of land", to the amazement of mother and Miller and Ford family, also staying there."
"During the negotiations for purchase of land, Mr Jones who by this time was old and trembling, told my father that his original store was built on "The Pines" site, but was burnt down and he transferred his business to Jetty Rd corner, as he considered it more central opposite the jetty."

Jack and Elizabeth Jones and Henry and Ann Bucher were among the earliest residents of the future (1872) Rosebud Fishing Village.Jack and Elizabeth were accused of plundering wreckage of the Hurricane in 1869.


I'm not even sure if Janie was buried at Dromana, but finally decided to write a burial entry in the chronology when I found that her death was registered at Dromana. I'm glad I did because I finally solved the mystery of how the Davis families were connected-after at least five years of frustration. Here's Janie's burial entry.

DAVIS.-On Sunday, the 14th October, Jane(Janie), the dearly beloved third daughter of
James and Fanny Davis, of Red Hiil, near Dromana, also sister of Mrs. W. Arnold and
Mrs. H. Meyer, .aged 21 years. A patient sufferer -gone to rest. (P.55, The Australasian, 20-10-1900.)
Similar death notices were inserted in the Argus and Age a few days earlier but there were no funeral notices. Jane’s death record indicates that Jane possibly was buried at Dromana in an unmarked grave in which her parents may later have been interred. Did they die at Red Hill?

EventDeath Event registration number12600 Registration year1900
Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesJane
Father's nameDavis Jas Mother's nameFanny (White)
Place of birth ? Place of deathDromana Age21

EventBirth Event registration number8636 Registration year1879
Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesJane
Father's nameJames Mother's nameFanny (White) Place of birthDROM

EventMarriage Event registration number143 Registration year1866 Personal information Family nameWHITE Given namesFanny Jane
Spouse's family nameDAVIS Spouse's given namesJames
At long last, I might find the names of the parents of James Davis.
DAVIS.—On the 8th February, at Red Hill, James,beloved husband of Fanny Davis, aged 84 years. (P.60, The Australasian, 13-2-1909.)
EventDeath Event registration number1215 Registration year1909 Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesJas
Father's nameDavis Wm Mother's nameCharl (Simpson)
Place of birth? Place of deathDromana Age84

They were both sons of William Davis and Charlotte nee Simpson.

JANIE’S SIBLINGS. (Birth year and register number.)
No births recorded in 1866-68 to parents named James and Fanny.
Frederick (1869, 8215, Dromana); George (1871, 15696, Drom.); Henry (1873, 16059, Drom*.); Charlotte (1875, 22363, Drom.); As no birth to James and Hannah is recorded in 1876-8, the birth of the second daughter has obviously not been entered into the register; no birth was recorded in 1880-1883. This was discovered by chance after I’d given up my year by year search. Perhaps Janie was actually the third YOUNGEST daughter.
EventBirth Event registration number10512 Registration year1887 Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesFanney
Father's nameJames Mother's nameFanney Jane (White) Place of birthDROM

*I presume that this was the same Henry Davis.
DAVIS—OWEN.—On the 30th Hill August, 1923, at Mornington, by the Rev. E. Ashby Swan, Henry Davis, Red Hill, to Gertrude Owen, of Shoreham. (P.17, Argus, 29-9-1923.)

EventDeath Event registration number13592 Registration year1926
Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesJonathan
Father's nameDAVIS William Mother's nameCharl (Unknown)
Place of birth? Place of deathDROMANA Age92

Were there two Jonathans? This second one was the first to marry at the Red Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church recently constructed near the post office (710 White Hill Rd.) He was probably the one whose farm, between W.Kemp’s grant and Blooming Bob White’s “Glenferrie”, and now the Bald Hill Nature Conservation Reserve, was described in AROUND RED HILL in 1902.
EventMarriage Event registration number4351 Registration year1887 Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesJonathan
Spouse's family nameKEMP Spouse's given namesElizabeth Duncan

If there was only one Jonathan Davis, he was born in about 1834 and would have been about 53 when (if) he married Elizabeth Kemp in 1887. How old was Elizabeth when she married?

EventBirth Event registration number7281 Registration year1858 Personal information Family nameKEMP Given namesElizabeth Duncan
Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameElizabeth (Duncan)
Place of birthYOWANGS

Jonathan’s wife, Elizabeth Duncan Davis, nee Kemp, died at Glen Iris in 1947.
EventDeath Event registration number10156 Registration year1947 Personal information Family nameDAVIS Given namesElizabeth Duncan
Father's nameKEMP William Mother's nameElizabeth (Duncan)
Place of birthGEELONG Place of deathGLEN IRIS Age89

Despite their late start, Jonathan and Elizabeth had a large family! Kidding it didn’t take a while to find Elizabeth’s death notice!
DAVIS.-On September 14. at the home of her son-in-law. I. Laub. 109 High street, Glen Iris, Elizabeth Duncan, widow of the late Jon Davis. loved mother of Het, Frank. Bel, Mary (Mrs. I. Laub). Annie(Mrs. R. Underwood), grandma of Muriel, Daphne. Joyce, Frank (deceased), and
Gordon Davis, Keith, Eric, Stanley, and Merleen Laub, in her 90th year.
(P.11, Argus, 20-9-1947.)

Jon and Elizabeth were still living at Red Hill in 1926. Was Jon buried at Dromana?
LAUB-DAVIS.-On the 6th April, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev.Stevly, Thomas, youngest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. L. Laub, of Lauriston, to Mary Victoria, third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J.Davis, of Red Hill.(P.17, Argus, 1-5-1926.)
UNDERWOOD—DAVIS.—On the 12th June, at St.George's Church of England, Malvern, Robert
Leonard, of Hamilton, to Annie Mildred, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Davis, Red Hill.
(P.17, Argus, 25-9-1926.)

In 1879, William Kemp was renting crown allotment 105 acres and buildings from the Waddeson (Waddeson)& Holmes executors and John Huntley was on 105 acres, Kangerong. Kemp would have been on c/a 15B fronting Red Hill Rd, north of a point opposite number 247 and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Consevation reserve and Huntley on 15A to the south whose east and south boundaries fronted Red Hill Rd and known as Hillside Orchard by 1902.Jonathan Davis, labourer, was assessed on 280 acres and building, Kangerong and James Davis was leasing 4 acres and a building, Kangerong from Jonathan Davis.

By 1910-11 there was no assessment of James Davis, but one of Mrs Fanny Davis (on the above 4 acres.)
The above rate records were hopefully going to help me sort out the relationship between James and Jonathan Davis but now there is no need. As their death records (above) show, they were brothers.Fanny’s given name was used in 1910 because she was a widow, James having died in 1909.

James and Fanny’s sons, Fred and Henry were farming together for many years apparently on the west side of Sheehans Rd on 35 and 43 acres respectively.
JONATHAN DAVIS'. Facing the Port Phillip side, and giving a good view of the Bay, lies Mr Jonathan Davis'. He has 40 acres or so, with six acres of young trees coming on, consisting mostly of apples of the Rokewood, Alfriston and Æsopus Spitzenburg varieties; also some cherries, and the usual patch of strawberries, without which no Red Hill orchard is considered complete.
Mr Davis goes in for dairying as well, being the lessee of a 60-acre paddock, owned by Miss Strong, which he uses for grazing. He has a separator, and supplies butter to one or two of the storekeepers in the district.

JAS. DAVIS has five acres under fruit, which yields well. His chief varieties are cherries, plums, apples and pears.
R. WHITE's.Mr White's property comes next. He, too, has a good residence site, giving a fine view of the Bay. Mr White has some fruit trees and a small crop.
WHEELER'S. Mrs Wheeler has the Post Office and Store, which has been established
for over 30 years. There are about seven acres of orchard attached to the property, mostly young trees; also a little strawberry plantation, as well as a crop.
HILL'S. Up the hill from Wheeler's is Mr Hill's property, comprising about 12 acres, situated on a well-sheltered slope. A 6-roomed house is erected here. The orchard is a young one, planted about three years ago. Besides the usual varieties, there is an acre of lemons, which are looking
fairly well. Mr Hill is at present a resident of St. Kilda, but it is understood intends to take up his abode here shortly.
F. & H DAVIS'. Opposite is Messrs F. and H. Davis. who go in for potato growing. They
have been very successful with this crop, having had as much as 10 tons to the acre. They also cultivate maize and peas, and have an acre or so of strawberries.

Janie’s siblings- OUTCOMES.
Fred died at Red Hill in 1953 aged 84 (reg, no.18468.)
Henry died in 1942 at the age of 69, registered at Dromana (reg. No.27312.)
George died in 1889, aged 18, at Cwick which I presume means Creswick.(reg. no. 1856.)

JONATHAN DAVIS and William Kemp were original trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church. As mentioned earlier, Jon’s martriage to William’s daughter, Elizabeth, was the first marriage performed in the church. Their daughter Henrietta Charlotte* was the first to be christened. When William Kemp died in 1920, his daughter, Mrs Elizabeth Davis, replaced him as a trustee.(P.32, THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore.)
*Called Het in Elizabeth’s death notice.



WISEMAN.-VX25406 Corporal William John, dearly beloved husband of Thora, previously reported missing, now reported missing, believed deceased, while prisoner of war. Laha. Amboina. cause and date unknown.
WISEMAN.-At Laha. Amboina. Corporal Jack Wiseman. 2/21st. late of Dromana and Kaniva, second son of Sam and Grace Wiseman, of 325 Toorak road. Burwood, brother of Harry (R.A.A.F.). Margaret (Mrs. B.Mann*), Les (R.A.A.F.)**, and Don (date and cause unknown.) P.2, Argus, 1-12-1945.)
*Margaret (of Red Hill) became engaged to Bruce in 1941.
** Still at Red Hill in 1951.
My first thought was that Jack was a descendant of James Wiseman, blacksmith, early pioneer of Red Hill. However, I have gained the impression that James was a bachelor and lived at Red Hill with a spinster sister. Was Jack descended from one of the Wiseman brothers who built mirror image mansions at Glenroy (the Toorak of the north) in the late 1880's? I had a vague memory of a marriage that indicated that James Wiseman of Ascot Vale WAS connected with Red Hill.
Jack's mother, Gracie was the daughter of George BIGNELL, a pioneer of Flemington after whom Bignell St was probably named, who died at Gracie's Dromana residence on 29-4-1934.
( )
His father, Sam, was the son of James Wiseman of Ascot Vale.
(WISEMAN. – On August 13, at Tunstall,
Annie, beloved wife of the late James
Wiseman, of Ascotvale, loved stepmother of
Ethel and Sam. –Reunited.
WISEMAN. –On August 13, at Tunstall,
Annie, relict of the late James Wiseman, of
Ascotvale. P.2, ARGUS, 15-8-1944.)

Sam and Gracie were more likely to have been at Red Hill rather than at Dromana. See WISEMAN-MANN engagement-

Hill Hillis, his brother in law, James McKeown, and James Wiseman were among the earliest pioneers of Red Hill. My impression that James Wiseman was a bachelor is wrong.
"James purchased his 106 acres (between Sheehans Rd and Arkwell Lane) on 24-2-1862. James was born in 1830 at Ruthven, Scotland and sailed from London in June 1851 aboard Captain Godfrey's"Statesman". Arriving at Geelong he went to gold fields in Victoria and briefly Otago in New Zealand. He was a blacksmith in Melbourne for eight years and married Christina Bain, also from Scotland, and they had three children, James, John** and Christina*, before moving to Red Hill where Janet and William were born."
(P.11, THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore.)
*Became Mrs Ramseyer in 1888-
** Died 17-8-1942 aged 82-

You would need to read my journal* about Stephen Lynch's PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA to understand how this proves that James Wiseman of Ascot Vale was the Red Hill pioneer or his son.
HILLIS- WISEMAN.---On the 1st November, at
the Presbyterian Church, Dandenong, by the Rev.
H. A. Buntine, George P., third son of W. J. Hillis,
Trafalgar, to Ethel D., only daughter of the late
James Wiseman, Ascot Vale, and sister of T.B .
Wiseman, Bass.(P.59, Leader, 8-12-1917.)

P.P.S. Hec. Hansen was born on 14-2-1913 so if the James Wiseman he described on page 11 of Petronella Wilson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN was the pioneer of 1862 he must have died when Hec. was a boy. This would seem to indicate that James Wiseman of Ascot Vale, father of Sam and grandfather of Jack, was James Wiseman Jnr. As James Wiseman Snr. was born in 1830 he would have been about 91 when he died (perhaps at Frankston.)

Mr James Wiseman, who has resided in the Frankston district since 1862 has
died. (P.6, Weekly Times, 24-12-1924.)
Also see:

James Wiseman Snr. was elected** to the Kangerong School District* Board of Advice in 1873. (* Kangerong Road Board, parishes of Kangerong, Fingal, Wannaeue and Nepean.) The Red Hill State School,( former non-vested school No. 77) opened on 1-1-1874, was in this area but many of its 34 initial pupils, such as Mary Elizabeth and Martha Blakeley* lived south of Arthurs Seat Rd and thus in the Flinders Road District.(P. 53, Helen Blakeley's book.)
(The school was conducted in a building leased from James Wiseman until a year or two before his death.)

WISEMAN (nee Bain).—On the 5th October, at
her late residence, Red Hill, passed peacefully
away, Christina, relict of James Wiseman,
blacksmith, eldest sister of late Alexander Bain,
blacksmith, Fitzroy, and loved mother of John
B. and Janet C., aged 91 years 8½ months. A
colonist of 69 years.
"He giveth His beloved sleep."
(P. 1, Argus, 10-10-1923.)

I wonder if James Wiseman's wife was related to Elizabeth Bain who married George Chapman of "Seawinds".Elizabeth's ancestry is a mystery I've been trying to solve for years.

Aha! Now I know how I gained the erroneous impression that James Wiseman Snr. was a bachelor and lived with his spinster sister at Red Hill. The unmarried couple were his son, John Bain Wiseman, a carpenter, and obviously Janet C.(Christina?) Staunch Presbyterians, they used to travel by buggy to the Dromana Presbyterian Church (in the former Union Church building) right up to their eighties, tethering their horse to a fence near a cypress tree on the foreshore side of the main road. (P.88, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA which also confirms the death dates of James Snr and his wife, Christina as given above as well as giving their birth dates and that of John Bain Wiseman.

James Wiseman Jnr was at Ascot Vale by 1895 when his son Samuel won a certificate in the under 10 section in a Church of Christ Sunday School examination involving 450 children.
Sam's sister, Ethel, who was a bit older than Sam and was also starring in the examinations at this time, married George (b.1888),the fifth child and third son of W.J.Hillis and Annie (nee Ault) in 1917 (as above.) P.3, PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA.

It seems almost certain that James Wiseman Jnr. lived at number 28 in today's Kent St, Ascot Vale and worked at the Newport workshops. Funeral notice, 1898:

By 1892, James Wiseman Jnr. was the president of the locomotive workshops union.

Being the son of a blacksmith, it is not surprising that James Jnr.'s occupation involved working with metal.

CONFIRMATION THAT THIS UNION LEADER WAS THE SON OF JAMES WISEMAN AND HIS WIFE, CHRISTINA, NEE BAIN. Can you spot the word whose digitisation I did not correct? Without the assistance of Victorian B.D.M., it took much tacking re search terms to find his death notice.
WISEMAN.—On the 5th January, at 28 Kent-avenue, Ascot Vale. James, the dearly loved husband of Annie Wiseman, eldest son of J. and C. Wiseman, of Bed Hill. Dromana, late of Loco. workshops, Newport,in his 39th year.
(P.1, The Age, 6-1-1898.)

The following burials are recorded as having taken place at the Dromana Cemetery, details from gravestone inscriptions.
WISEMAN James� photo 15-7-1830 10/12/1921
WISEMAN Christina� photo 21-1-1832 5/10/1923
WISEMAN John Bain� photo 30-4-1860 10/08/1942
WISEMAN Joyce Doreen photo 7/02/1929 19/01/1994 66
WISEMAN D.I. photo 22/12/1989 65 Wife Joyce

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago


Our Heidelberg correspondent writes : —
General regret was expressed here on Sun
day forenoon when a messenger arrived from
Dromana with the sad intelligence that Mr.
Lawrence Wadeson had been accidentally
killed on the road near that place on the
previous evening. Reliable particulars of
the accident have not yet come to hand, but
it is reported that tbe horse Mr. Wadeson
was driving bolted, that the spring cart was
upset, and Mr. Wadeson thrown out with
such violence that he only survived for a
very short time. The deceased was senior
partner in the firm of Wadeson and Holmes,
nurserymen and vignerons. He had re-
sided in Heidelberg for nearly thirty years,
and was highly respected by every one who
knew him. He leaves a widow and one
daughter to mourn his loss.(P.2, The Age, 9-5-1876.)

Mr. Candler held an inquest on the 8th
inst, at Dromana, on the body of Lawrence
Wadeson, aged 62 years, a gardener at Kan-
gerong, on Mount McMahon. On the even-
ing of Saturday, the 6th inst, at 7 o'clock,
John Thomas Gibson, splitter and fencer at
Balnarring, found the deceased's horse, with
the shafts of a cart attached, in the road,
and going along the road, found the deceased
lying insensible on his belly, with the wheels
and part of the body of the cart near him.
The near wheel of the cart, it was found,
had struck a tree alongside the track, and
the vehicle had apparently been capsized.
There was no track of any other vehicle.
The deceased was conveyed to his house,
about two miles off, and died in about
three hours, without having recovered con-
sciousness. The deceased was accustomed
to the track, and the moon was up. He was
a temperate man, but was said to be in the
habit of falling asleep when driving. There
were bruises about the head and body of the
deceased. A verdict of death from injuries
accidentally received was found.(P.7, Argus, 12-5-1876.)

One of the first things I learnt about Red Hill, courtesy of Keith Holmes, years ago, was that J. Holmes, the grantee of crown allotment 15A, Kangerong was not related in any way to Keith's family. John Holmes and Lawrence Wadeson were market gardening partners, apparently near Heidelberg. Lawrence was accidentally killed in 1876, probably on Red Hill Road and his body was discovered by John Thomas Gibson who lived practically across Red Hill Rd on the northern corner of Stanleys Rd at what became known as Tar Barrel Corner.(Ethel Bailey is a descendant of this Gibson family.)
Crown allotment 15A Kangerong was at Melway 191 E4,its Red Hill Rd frontage extending north to the bend near present number 247 and 15 B, to the north, adjoined the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve. The latter was granted to J. Holmes and Co.
Apparently John Huntley Senior had selected both 15A and 15B. When Bill Huntley took me on a road tour, he showed me where the original homestead had been on the northern portion.The selection was probably forfeited because too much time was spent at Brighton to effect the required improvements, with the scribble on the parish map seeming to indicate that Holmes and Wadeson obtained the grants in 1872. John Huntley Junior acquired 15A later on and it became known as "Hillside Orchard" by 1902 when it was described in "AROUND RED HILL." John Huntley had died and his widow Mary, nee Hope, had married John Shand. Mary's girls remained on Hillside Orchard while she and John Shand rented Kent Orchard (Melway 191 H1), later moving to Rosslyn and Kentucky (both on John Oswin's grant, 14 A, Balnarring) at Melway 161 K11.
My current big project is a CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS AT DROMANA. One of my tasks is to discover whether early pioneers such as Lawrence who died in the Dromana district were actually buried at Dromana. Lawrence Wadeson had resided at Heidelberg for nearly 30 years and a wadeson, heidelberg search on Google showed that he wasn't. The really interesting thing is that Mary Wadeson's maiden name was OSWIN! THERE IS EVERY CHANCE THAT LAWRENCE WADESON'S WIFE WAS JOHN OSWIN'S SISTER. The death records of both name their parents as William Oswin and Mary (maiden name given as Joyce in Mary's and unknown in John's.) I wonder if Mary Karney, author of so many books about the Oswins and "Newstead", was named after Mary Wadeson.
Heidelberg Old Cemetery - Steve's Headstone Photos
Wadeson Laurence 6 May 1876 62
Wadeson Mary 3 Aug 1883 73 nee. Oswin
Wadeson Mary Sybella 1853 1
Wadeson Richard William 1852 1

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago


Donald attended the Keilor school and knew the area,its pioneers and the coach drivers who passed through intimately. He became a pupil teacher at the school in 1876, and soon moved into journalism. Such details are available in his biography*, but not his act of bravery in 1899** at the age of about 40, which prompted this journal.
(*Macdonald, Donald Alaster - Australian Dictionary of Biography - ANU


Professor Ernest Scott wrote a tremendous tribute to Donald (P.7, The Australasian,December 3,1932), starting with:
"The best of companions for a ramble, interested in everything, amusing, considerate, always ready for a chat with any farm hand, sportsman or swagman, and getting something from everybody he met and everything he saw."

The date of birth given in the biography would seem to be wrong, given his death in 1932 aged 75. No record could be found of Donald's birth in Victoria that conforms to the names of the parents in his death record. Confirmation of his birth at Fitzroy (but not in 1859)is given in one of the many tributes following his death in 1932. "Mr Macdonald was in his 76th year,having been born at Fitzroy in 1857. His boyhood was spent in Keilor." (

EventMarriage Event registration number1017 Registration year1883
Personal information
Family nameSEWARD Given namesJessie SexFemale Spouse's family nameMCDONALD Spouse's given namesDonald Alaster

EventDeath Event registration number3349 Registration year1932
Personal information
Family nameMCDONALD Given namesDonald Alex SexUnknown Father's nameMcdonald Donald Mother's nameMargaret (Harris) Place of birth Place of deathBlack R Age75

Mr Donald Macdonald, the well-known journalist, naturalist and author, died on November 23.
(P.6, Weekly Times, 26-11-1932.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 October 1928 p 8 Article Illustrated

Donald's heroic deed was performed at Lorne which is mentioned in this article about early coach drivers and Donald's regard for them.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 2 December 1932 p 7 Article

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago


I am often asked to recommend a suitable book to research a particular pioneer and sadly, often there isn't one. Any books offering information will be mentioned in my journal. There are two photos of William, known locally as Harry, in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA but though he is mentioned six times, five of these only provide the information that he was a fisherman. In 1880, he tried butchering in partnership with James Singleton. Harry's sister, Maria, is not mentioned at all.

This journal resulted from finding Harry's death notice during the research for my journal CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS AT DROMANA CEMETERY (from Trove and including a biog. for each burial.) It is being continued on a word document because its size makes it impossible to submit additions on Family Tree Circles. Here are the burial entries for Harry and Maria. Links can be copied into the search bar to find articles but if that doesn't work, send me a message on F.T.C. including your email address and I'll email the entries to you.

3+-4-1926. WILLIAM HANCOCK (Harry) COPP.
COPP. -On the 3rd April at his residence, Pier street Dromana William H. (Harry) beloved
brother of Lizzie and Fan (England), Mar (Dromana) aged 76 years. (P.1, Argus, 4-4-1926.)

William’s horizontal gravestone at the cemetery gives his date of death as the 2nd of April, and his age as 77. It reads “In loving memory of our brother William H. (Harry) Copp. (…/droma…/dromanahs_images/129.jpg)

Harry’s death record indicates that the death notice is more reliable than the inscription.
EventDeath, Event registration number5094, Registration year1926
Personal information Family nameCOPP
Given namesWilliam Hancock
Father's nameCOPP John, Mother's nameFrances (Hancock)
Place of birth-, Place of deathDROMANA, Age76

There are two photos of Harry Copp on page 103 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Despite Harry being mentioned six times in the book, all we learn about Harry and his sister is that Harry was, with John McLear and Jonah Griffith, a professional fisherman at Dromana, except that he tried a butchering business with James Singleton in 1880 (page 80.)

Walter Hancock may have been a brother of Frances nee Hancock, Harry’s mother and therefore Harry’s uncle or the son of a brother of Frances and thus Harry’s cousin.

HANCOCK. — Information concerning Walter Hancock, brickmaker, late Parramatta Junction, Sydney, but now supposed to be in Victoria, thankfully received by WILLIAM COPP, Dromana. (P.1, Weekly Times, 13-3-1886.)

On Monday, 27 February, 1899, Harry’s yacht, The Seud, was moored at the Dromana pier but, parting from its moorings, the old yacht was smashed to pieces against the pier with debris scattered over a mile of shoreline. A concert was organised to help Harry. The result of the concert and dance was £12 15s6d and the affair was so well managed that the expenses (were) nil. (

Harry expressed his gratitude to the organisers and residents from far around who attended the concert and dance. (
Harry was able to buy a replacement for The Seud and Melbourne Brindle’s map of Dromana (pre 1919) shows that it was moored quite a safe distance east of the pier.

Miss M.Copp of Dromana contributed to an appeal in 1928. I thought her name might be Margaret but the name of Harry’s sister turned out to be Maria.
EventDeath, Event registration number17149, Registration year1941
Personal information Family nameCOPP, Given namesMaria
Father's nameCOPP John, Mother's nameUnknown (Hancock)
Place of deathDROMANA Age84

COPP. — On June 19 (suddenly), at her residence "Ilfracombe," Pier-street, Dromana, Maria,
beloved sister of the late Harry Copp, and loved friend of E. Fox and family, aged 84 years.
Peacefully sleeping. (P.1, The Age, 21-6-1941.)

As there is no funeral notice, it is almost certain that Maria would have been buried with Harry. (See 3+-4-1926. The death records of Harry and Maria provide the names of their parents and their place of origin.)

In October 1941 a trustee company applied for probate of the will with the authorisation of Charles Henry Yeo, of 23 St Leonards road. Exeter. England, estate agent's accountant, a nephew and one of the next of kin of the said deceased (Maria.)
So one of Maria’s sisters, Elizabeth and Fanny, as named in Harry’s death notice, must have become Mrs Yeo.


I found a 1887 marriage notice last night which I was going to add to my dictionary history of Bulla but my internet was playing up, and it would not submit. I'd copied my research onto a word document but it would not save so I'd decided to forget about my loss until I googled Joseph George Richards, one of the results being:

Extracts of “My Dad” by Harold C Richards about his father Herbert Musgrove Richards.
Herbert Musgrove Richards was born at Greenvale on the 23rd of June 1888. He was a past pupil of the
Greenvale Primary School from 1893 to 1905. His dad was Joseph George Richards, born 13 April 1867,
his mother was Elizabeth Musgrove.
His mum and dad lived in “Acacia” in Greenvale Road, which is now called Somerton Road; they were
farmers. He started school around 1893 at the Greenvale State School.
He learnt to write on a slate with slate pencils. He learnt to spell and was good at arithmetic. His hand
writing was copper plate using steel nibs and blue and black ink.
He was good at school and won book prizes. He played cricket, hop scotch and marbles. His Aunts lived
up the road and he would take them a billy of milk every morning before going school. When he was 12
years old he left school and went to work.

In about 1990, Sid Lloyd of Tullamarine drove me to Essendon and introduced me to Bob Blackwell. Bob grew up on Blackwells Lane at Bulla and drove me on a history tour of Bulla and Greenvale. One stop was at the north west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, at that time the Ponderosa Zoo. Bob told me that James Musgrove was a famed implements maker and a pioneering photographer, who insisted on being called James rather than Jim and had the first telephone in the district and himself installed an extension from house to implement factory on that zoo site. The next block to the east belonged to the Richards family. (It was possibly the property "Acacia" mentioned above.) Bob told me that a sister of James had married Cr. Richards of Bulla Shire. The part of Greenvale (including the Musgrove and Richards properties) west of where the Moonee Ponds Creek passes under Somerton Rd was in the parish of Bulla, thus in the shire of Bulla.

Judith Durham of "The Seekers" has attempted to compile her (Greek) ancestry on her website, but with little luck because of errors in BDM and family notices. It was when I was scrolling down to the marriage notice of her great grandmother's second marriage in the Leader that I stumbled upon the following, where the groom's given names are written in the wrong order.

Richards— Musgrove.— On the 17th November, at Fitzroy, by tho Rev. N. Kinsman, George Joseph,second youngest son of William Richards, of Kerrisdale,to Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Thomas Musgrove,of Greenvale, Oaklands Junction. (P.42, Leader, 3-12-1887.)

EventMarriage Event registration number7451 Registration year1887
Personal information
Family nameRICHARDS Given namesJoseph George SexMale Spouse's family nameMUSGROVE Spouse's given namesElizabeth

Joseph was born in 1867, his birth being registered at Bulla.
EventBirth Event registration number6847 Registration year1867
Personal information
Family nameRICHARDS Given namesJoseph George SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameElizabeth (Simpson) Place of birthBULLA

Elizabeth was born in 1862, apparently at Jan Juc. The bride and groom may have been cousins! However her mother's maiden name is different in her death record.
EventBirth Event registration number8376 Registration year1862
Personal information
Family nameMUSGROVE Given namesElizabeth Clara SexUnknown Father's nameThomas Mother's nameElizabe(Richards) Place of birthJANJ

EventDeath Event registration number17791 Registration year1935
Personal information
Family nameRICHARDS Given namesElizth SexUnknown Father's nameMusgrove Thos Mother's nameEliza (Scott) Place of birth Place of deathBmeadows Age72

Elizabeth's death was registered at Broadmeadows township, that is the part of today's Westmeadows south of Kenny St.

EventDeath Event registration number1668 Registration year1953
Personal information
Family nameRICHARDS Given namesJoseph George SexMale Father's nameRICHARDS William Mother's nameElizabeth (Simpson) Place of birthOAKLANDS JUNCTION Place of deathGREENVALE

Neil Mansfield's excellent Bulla Cemetery burial list
shows that Joseph and Elizabeth were both buried at Bulla and also that Elizabeth's sister, Ellen,also became Mrs Richards.There were many RICHARDS and MUSGROVE burials at this cemetery. (NEIL AND I ARE BOTH RELATED TO THE MUSGROVES.)

1785 RICHARDS Joseph George 86Y 00/00/1867 08/02/1953 09/02/1953 C of E 4 12 Son of William Richards & Elizabeth Simpson. Born in Bulla, died in Greenvale, Victoria, Australia.

1797 RICHARDS (nee MUSGROVE) Elizabeth 72Y 00/00/1863 10/12/1935 11/12/1935 C of E 4 12 Daughter of Thomas Musgrove & Eliza Scott. Born in Bulla, died in Broadmeadows, Victoria, Australia.

1798 RICHARDS (nee MUSGROVE) Ellen 28Y 00/00/1861 27/03/1889 29/03/1889 C of E 4 25 Daughter of Thomas Musgrove & Eliza Scott. Died in Kerrisdale*, Reedy Creek, Victoria, Australia.



When I was talking to Ken Bucher today and mentioned that Susan Peatey was the midwife at the birth of Rose Bucher at Rosebud in 1867, he said that Nurse Durham was the midwife at the birth of another member of the Bucher family.

Emily King and her sister Elizabeth both married Greek fishermen.

EventMarriage Event registration number3393 Registration year1882
Personal information
Family nameKING Given namesEmily SexFemale Spouse's family namePANWTEO Spouse's given namesDimitri Antoni.

EventMarriage Event registration number1453 Registration year1872
Personal information
Family nameKING Given namesElizabeth SexFemale Spouse's family nameTELO Spouse's given namesFote

It was through Emily and Elizabeth that the early Rosebud map drawn by George Fountain's daughter(s) makes the following comment about the Rosebud Fishing Village block on the west side of Durham Place (c/a 20) granted to Fort Lacco on 16-10-1872, in the year of his marriage to Elizabeth:

HAS itellya GONE COMPLETELY MAD? No, the registrars were completely mad. How could they possibly write Fort (or Forti) Lacco as Fote Telo? Can I find Fort's death record?

EventDeath Event registration number4813 Registration year1915
Personal information
Family nameLACCO Given namesFort SexUnknown Father's nameLacco Jno Mother's nameMary (Comeo) Place of birth Place of deathDromana Age72

And Elizabeth's?
EventDeath Event registration number16170 Registration year1934
Personal information
Family nameLACCO Given namesElizth SexUnknown Father's nameKing Jno Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathDromana Age79

And Elizabeth Lacco's death notice inserted by her sister, Emily?
LACCO.—On the 6th August, passed peacefully
away at Rosebud, Elizabeth, wife of the
late Fort Lacco, beloved mother of Mary, John
(deceased), Christie (deceased), Annie, Emily,
Mitchell, Margaret, grandmother of Bobby,
Lucy, Edna, Kenneth, Harold, Alick, George,
and Gwen, great-grandmother of Douglas aged
[?] years, a colonist of 77 years. —At rest.

LACCO.—On the 6th August, passed peace-
Fix this textfully away, at Rosebud, Elizabeth Lacco, dearly
loved sister of Emily, Ellen, Clara and the
late William King. —Peace, perfect peace.
(P.1, Argus, 7-8-1934.)
The second notice, concentrating on the King family was probably inserted by Emily.

And Emily's death record?
EventDeath Event registration number6672 Registration year1950
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesEmily Trin SexFemale Father's nameKING William Elijah Mother's nameElizabeth (Lane) Place of birthPORT MELBOURNE Place of deathPARKVILLE Age88

There was no death notice for Emily, just a funeral notice which mentioned that the funeral would leave from an address in Mount Alexander Rd, Essendon. There is no doubt that this was the residence of Emily's grand daughter (Hazel) who had given birth to Judith Mavis Cock in 1943 while her D.F.C. winning husband was serving abroad. Emily would probably have been living with her son, Antonio if he had not died in March 1950.

DURHAM.—On March 11 (suddenly) Tony, loving husband of Jessie, son of Emily Durham, late of Rosebud.—Sadly missed.
DURHAM. — Tony, loving father of Hazel, father-in-law of Bill, loving grandfather of Beverley and Judith.—Sadly missed.(P.10, Argus, 14-3-1950.)

And now for my million dollar bet. In Tony's death record his mother's name should be Emily (King) but I bet that his father's surname will not be PANWTEO.
EventDeath Event registration number2869 Registration year1950
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesAnthony Demetria SexMale Father's nameDURHAM Demetria Panucca Mother's nameEmily (King) Place of birthROSEBUD Place of deathESSENDON Age67

It's a fair bet that Anthony (and his mother, Emily) had both been living with Hazel and William Alexander Cock in Mt. Alexander Rd, Essendon in 1950. His father's name was not DURHAM. HIS GIVEN NAME OBVIOUSLY CAME FROM EMILY'S FIRST HUSBAND, WHOM EMILY MARRIED IN 1882. Anthony would seem to have been born in about 1883.

Mr Durham, Emily's second husband and Tony's STEPFATHER, did not have Greek given names at all! Tony was only about 4 when his father (died?*) and Emily married again.

EventMarriage Event registration number5814 Registration year1887
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesFrancis William SexMale Spouse's family namePUNWETO Spouse's given namesEmily

DURHAM—PUNWETO - On the 23rd November, by licence. at St. Mark's Church, Fitzroy, by the Rev. J.,F.Stretch, LL.B., Francis William Durham, to Emily Punweto, both of Clarendon-street, South Melbourne.(P.1, The Age, 28-11-1887.)
I found no death record in Victoria for Punweto in any year or a birth record for Anthony Punweto.

EventMarriage Event registration number5222 Registration year1908
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesAnty Demetra SexUnknown Spouse's family nameSMITH Spouse's given namesJessie.

EventMarriage Event registration number15797 Registration year1938
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesJessie Hazel SexUnknown Spouse's family nameCOCK Spouse's given namesWilliam Alexander.

When Judith started singing with Frank Trainor's band, she adopted the maiden name of her mother Hazel, nee Durham, as her stage name. There is much more precise detail on her website regarding her career, but not regarding her ancestry because of all the inconsistency in birth, death and marriage records.

Rosebud is proud to be associated with THREE female vocalists who enabled The Seekers to perform great music over the years but it was Judith who shot the group to fame in the 1960's.

1882. Her great grandmother, Emily, nee King, marries Dimitri Antoni Panwteo (Panweto or Punweto).
C.1883. Their son Tony is born. No documentation found of the father's death or a divorce.
1887. Emily Panweto or Punweto, nee King, remarries to Francis William Durham who becomes Tony's stepfather.
1908. Judith's grandfather marries Jessie Smith.
1913. Judith's mother, Hazel, is born.
EventBirth Event registration number21375 Registration year1913
Personal information
Family nameDURHAM Given namesJessie Hazel SexFemale Father's nameAnthony Demetra Mother's nameJessie Amelia (Smith) Place of birthELSTERNWICK
1938. Judith's mother, Hazel marries William Alexander Cock.
1943. Judith is born.


Mr Eddie Bowring. of Red Hill,"biked" it to Melbourne on Tuesday and put up a record, doing the return trip in a little over three hours." (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)

This article was discovered by chance several years ago and recent exhaustive attempts to locate it again on trove failed dismally, so I've decided to include it in a new journal. Last night while looking for information about the Littlejohn family provided by the late Thelma Littlejohn, I turned to my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal and there it was, in the BOWRING entry. Eddie's daughter, Florrie, was Thelma's mother.

Eddie had been on his Red Hill Village Settlement block for about a year and his ride to Melbourne had almost certainly been to Mt. Alexander Rd, Essendon, where his father, Edward lived. Eddie could have been excused for neglecting to visit his parents because his work clearing the huge eucalypts from his Prossors Lane block would have been exhausting and he'd found the love of his life on the settlement. Mr Harvey, who became his father in law in 1903, was building a house on his block.

Imagine what his time would have been if he'd had good roads with a surface such as today's peninsula link. To put his feat into context, I'll provide some information about Point Nepean Road in 1902 from trove. Firstly though, I must point out that from the top of Olivers Hill at Frankston, Old Mornington Rd, Mt Eliza Way and Wooralla Drive was originally part of the road and remained so until the 1970's.

"The pleasure of the run was enhanced by the cycle paths, which enabled the wheelmen to escape some
of the worst parts of the road." This was a motor cycle tour from Brighton to Frankston with a STOP at Mordialloc. (P.18, Leader, 13-9-1902.)

The Mornington peninsular (sic) has furnished many
interestlng trips to the Wheelmen of the metropolis,
and the following one, submitted by an enthusiastic
rider, is a fair sample of the kind of outing to be
obtained in that locality. He adopted the train,
to Frankston, and chose the coast road over the
plateau of Mt. Eliza, but found the road in many
places rather heavy from dust and sand, due to
the prolonged drought. The eight miles to Mor
nington occupied him an hour
, but passing by the
township, he kept along the Nepean-road towards
Dromana. He pedalled up the long climb over Mt.
Martha, most of which has an excellent surface,
except on towards the,top, but as the descent be-
gins, the road improves over the steepest portion,
while further below the unmetalled part proved
tiresome and treacherous, owing to dust and ruts.

At a point* 2 1/2 miles before Dromana is reached |
there is an intersection, the Dromana and Sor-
rento road turning off "to the right, but the track
leading straight on runs up to Red Hill, and then
over to the Arthur Seat range of mountains.
There is a very long rise to be negotiated ere Red
Hill is gained, but except for the first half mile,
there is a good roadway. At the end of two miles
a turn was made to the right, and passing the
local post-office the tourist wheeled over hilly
ground, until,"
(at the south end of Sheehans Rd he turned right to Higgens Corner near the Red Hill Consolidated School site, whereas Eddie would have turned left.) P.24, The Australian, 29-3-1902.

*Moats Corner.


The death took place on Friday evening
last of Mrs. Amelia Chadwick, relict of
the late Mr. Wm. Chadwick, for many
years the owner and licensee of the Far-
mers' Arms Hotel. The sad news occa-
sioned very deep regret, an the late Mrs
Chadwick was one of the most respected
and beloved residents of this town. During
the past six months she had been
suffering from paralysis, and owing to her
advanced age, 76 years, her recovery was
not expected, and, as stated, the sad
event occurred on Friday night at the
residence of her niece, Mrs Murray, in
Benalla-street. Mrs. Chadwick was a
native of Suffolkshire, England, and she
came out to this colony in 1852, and pro-
ceeded to the Broadmeadows district and
the following year she was married to Mr.
Wm. Chadwick, who predeceased her in
November 1902. For some time they carried
on a butchering business at Broad
meadows, but this they subsequently dis-
posed of, and took the Royal Mail(sic) hotel.
at the same place, afterward removing to
an hotel of same name at Essendon. Here
they continued for some years, and in 1877
they purchased the Farmers' Arms Hotel,
at Benalla, which, in those days was doing
a thriving business. Mr. Chadwick sold out
out of this hotel in August, 1901, to Mr
Pearcey. Mrs. Chadwick leaves two sons
Messrs, Martin and William Chadwick
for whom much sympathy has been ex-
pressed in their bereavement. The re-
mains were interred in the Benalla Ceme-
tery on Sunday last, and were followed to
their last resting place by upwards of 30
buggies.(P.2, Benalla Standard, 4-8-1908.)

Mrs Amelia, relict of the late William Chad-
wick, who for many years owned and con-
ducted the Farmers' Arms Hotel, has just
made her exit from the stage of life, her
death taking place on Friday evening last.
The cause of death was paralysis, from which
the deceased, who resided with her niece
(Mrs Murray), had suffered for some time
past. The late Mrs Chadwick, who had at-
tained the age of 76 years, was a native of
Suffolkshire, England. She arrived in Vic-
toria in 1852 and in the following year be-
came the wife of her late husband, who died
about 6 years ago, at Broadmeadows (sic*). After
a short career in the butchering business,
the newly married couple went into hotel
keeping in the same locality and then re-
moved to Essendon, where they conducted
the Royal Mail Hotel till 1877. In that
year they bought the Farmers' Arms Hotel,
Benalla, which they ran during the greater
part of their life afterwards, winning the
goodwill and esteem of all who had occasion
to have business, or social intercourse with
them. Six years ago they retired from busi-
ness altogether. The late Mrs Chadwick
was the mother of a family of three, two of
whom survive her - viz., Messrs Martin
Chadwick, one of the most prosperous and
largest hearted landholders of Lake Rowan,
and W. Chadwick, another esteemed and
well-to-do man, who resides at St. James.
The deceased lady herself was one of the
most generous and popular women who ever
resided in our midst - a most magnificent
type of that open - hearted Englishwoman
we used to meet in the days of boyhood
- one of those woman, indeed, whose hu-
manity and humility shone lustrously
throughout her life, who knew no such
thing as sect or creed where the cause of
Charity was concerned, and whose prac-
tical sympathy was the admiration of all
who were acquainted with it. Without
exaggeration it might he said that a more
estimable or a more esteemed, woman has
never, perhaps, resided in our midst, a fact
which was simply borne out by the large
number of people, old inhabitants, in par-
ticular, who followed her remains to the
grave. The obsequies at the interment
were presided over by the Rev. A. C.
M'Connan, of the Presbyterian Church, Mr
T. Hanlon carrying out the funeral arrange-
ments. (P.3, the North Eastern Ensign, 7-8-1908.)

*WILLIAM CHADWICK'S OBITUARY. YOU CAN'T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU READ IN THE PAPERS! AT LEAST THE PLACE OF DEATH WAS RIGHT, UNLIKE AMELIA'S SECOND OBITUARY. His brother was Thomas Chadwick who ran the Broady for a while and later the Laurel Hotel at Ascot Vale. If I remember correctly, he was buried at Bulla Cemetery.
Death of Mr. Wm. Chadwick.
Another old identity has passed away.
We refer to the death of Mr. Wm. Chad
wick, which occurred on Sunday night
last at the residence of his niece, Mrs. R.
Murray, Benalla-street.
Although he has
been ailing off and on for upwards of two
years, death came rather unexpectedly at
the last. About two years ago Mr. Chad
wick began to suffer with liver complaint,
and the whole of last summer he spent
away from this district, returning to Be
nalla a little over two months ago, His
death removes one of the oldest colonists,
and the news as it spread on Sunday
night occasioned very deep regret, for as
a townsman and a business man the late
Mr. Chadwick was always held in the
highest esteem, his word being his bond,
while there were many others who had
occasion to look back on many kindly and
friendly actions. He was a native of
Leeds, Yorkshire, where he was born in
1824, and.when 26 years of age he de
cided to emigrate to Victoria, landing in
Melbourne in 1851 with his brother and
several of his schoolmates. The first
work that he and his brother did was har
vesting for the late John Fawkner at
Ascot Vale (Pascoe Vale), and after that they started as
butchers at Ascot Vale (Pascoe Vale), on the Deep
Creek road. In 1853 (1854) Mr. Chadwick was
married to Miss Amelia Rogers, who had
come out from Suffolkshire the year be
fore (in 1852), and the butchering business was
then entered into at Broadmeadows. After
a short time the brothers started in a
hotel business there, where they worked
together for a little time and then sepa
rated. Mr. Chadwick afterwards took
the Farmers' Arms hotel, Essendon, and
he remained in business there for a great
number of years. In 1877 Mr.Chadwick
purchased the Farmers' Arms hotel at
Benalla, and he carried on business there
until about 18 months ago, when he sold
out to Mr. Pearcey, For Mrs. Chadwick
great sympathy is felt in her bereave
ment. There were eight children of the
marriage — six boys and two girls— but
only Messrs. Wm. and Martin Chadwick
are now alive. The eldest girl was
drowned in a creek at Lake Rowan when
13 years of age. The remains will be in
terred in the Benalla Cemetery to-day,
the cortege moving from Mr. Murray's
residence at 2. 30.(P.2, Benalla Standard, 18-11-1902.

EventDeath Event registration number12553 Registration year1902
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesWm Goldsbrough SexUnknown Father's nameChadwick Wm Mother's nameCath (Unknown) Place of birth Place of death Benalla Age79

Amelia was possibly the daughter of George Rogers,who was, by 1857, one of the town's four or five butchers (P.1, BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY). However her death record does not name her parents, including the mother's maiden name. George was probably related to coach proprietor, Charles Rogers of Broadmeadows who was in financial difficulty by 1863.

Broadmeadows Township was that part of today's Westmeadows bounded by Foreman St, Hackett St (now part of Mickleham Rd), Kenny St and Lyons St (Melway 5 K6-7 to 6 D7.) It was a very busy town on one of the main routes to Sydney and the McIvor diggings near Heathcote. Pascoe Vale Rd was originally called the Sydney road with the Young Queen Inn just north of the Pascoeville bridge being a prominent landmark and until this road was extended to link with the new Sydney road via Clifford Rd, travellers would descend through the township and climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd (whose continuation to Wallan is still called Old Sydney Rd.) Those heading north through Tullamarine had to ford the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds until in 1854 a wooden bridge was built linking the two sections of Ardlie St. (It was not on the same site as the historic 1869 bluestone bridge as claimed on a metal plaque attached to it. An early Township of Broadmeadows map shows its location.)

All the public buildings were thus built on Ardlie St north, used by both lots of travellers. The Broadmeadows Hotel (Tavern), usually called Chadwick's Hotel in notices or reports of early meetings)is still on its original site but the first two buildings were destroyed by fire*. Uphill from this was a tiny store and then Jane Bryan's Victoria Hotel, with the police station across the road, and later the historic shire hall too. The history plaque on the Broadmeadows Tavern mentions that its (upper) car park was the site of the Victoria Hotel.

(*"By the bridge is the Westmeadows Tavern, the latest occupant of the site of the first Broadmeadows Hotel, where 125 years ago(in 1857)on Boxing Night,Mrs William Chadwick danced a polka with Constable King. The Tavern was created in 1982 by recreating the 1927 Broadmeadows Hotel, which in turn had replaced the original structure that had burned to the ground two years before." A reference to the story on pages 1-9. P.226 B.A.F.H.)

Noah Rogers, son of a Broadmeadows coach proprietor*, died at the age of 14 in 1863 and would not seem to be Amelia's brother. Elizabeth, probably George's wife, died in 1880 at the age of 67 and was recorded as a hotel keeper at Campbellfield.(The story and Burial Listing of The Will Will Rook Pioneer Cemetery, by Bezza and other friends of the cemetery.)


EventMarriage Event registration number3651 Registration year1854
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesWilliam Gouldsbr SexMale Spouse's family nameROGERS Spouse's given namesAmelia

Unfortunately the names of Amelia's parents are not recorded as George and Elizabeth and since she was not born in Victoria there will be no birth record on
EventDeath Event registration number8548 Registration year1908
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameUnknown Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathBenalla Age76

CHADWICK.—On the 31st July, at her niece's residence, Benalla-street, Benalla, Amelia, widow of the late William Chadwick, and beloved mother of William and Martin Chadwick, of Lake Rowan,aged 76.
(P. 39, Leader, 8-8-1908.)

However this death record, despite no detail re the place of death could be that of Amelia's mother.
EventDeath Event registration number4239 Registration year1880
Personal information
Family nameROGERS Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's nameSavage John Mother's nameElizabeth (Stirling) Place of birthU Place of death Age67 Spouse's family nameROGERS Spouse's given namesGeorge

(Another Elizabeth Rogers died in 1880 aged 67 too.)

If Noah was Amelia's brother, her parents may have been Charles Rogers and Jane. Perhaps there were two or three Rogers brothers at Broadmeadows.
EventDeath Event registration number5964 Registration year1863
Personal information
Family nameROGERS Given namesNoah SexUnknown Father's nameCharles Mother's nameJane (Unknown) Place of birthBROA Place of death Age6

MORE TO COME. (W.G. CHADWICK'S BIOG. AND BOOKS ABOUT THE CHADWICKS IN BENALLA FROM D.H.O.T.A.M.A., THE FARMERS ARMS AT ESSENDON.) Find George Rogers' death notice or Elizabeth's in 1880 re children?

From page 60+ of the C volume of DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND (1989+ and footnotes 2016.)
An early pioneer of Pascoeville,Broadmeadows and Essendon, William Chadwick ... took the name of his Essendon hotel to Benalla.We shall first examine his biography written in 1888.

CHADWICK, William, Benalla, is a native of Yorkshire, England, who arrived in this colony in 1852 and commenced work with Mr. J.P.Fawkner on the Pascoe Vale Estate on which he remained for six months after it came into the possession of Mr. James.(1) He then started a butcher's business on the estate# and after being there two years removed a mile away towards Deep Creek.(2)Thence he went to Broadmeadows and with the same business connected a hotel, remaining there for six years. He next proceeded to Essendon* where he carried on the same line of business (3) in conjunction with cattle dealing and after twelve years removed to Benalla where he still carries on hotel keeping being proprietor and licensee of the Farmers Arms. He has also 640 acres of land and carries on farming having 100 acres under wheat, oats and barley. He is married and has a family of four sons. (P.326, VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT, Alexander Sutherland.)

#Victoria and Its Metropolis biographies rarely mentioned siblings and partnerships but William's 1902 obituary does. The slaughtering licence at Pascoe Vale was obviously applied for by Thomas Chadwick.
SLAUGHTERING LICENSES.—Yesterday the following persons made application to the District Bench for slaughtering licenses. Matthew Price, Esq.,P.M., and William Thomas, Esq., J.P., were the sitting magistrates. The applications were all granted, viz., Mr. Henry Cousins, Brunswick ;Emanuel Grummett, Plenty-road ; John Hill, Sydney-road ; Alfred Norman Harris, Simpson's-road ; John Hawkins, Prahran ; John Kyte, Brunswick ; John Lock, Oakleigh ; John Perry, Gardiner's Creek ; George Petty, Flemington ; Thomas West, Brighton ; John Wilson, Flemington ; Arthur Harman, Bulla Bulla ; Thomas Chadwick,Pascoevale ; William Cain, Broadmeadows.
(P.5, Argus, 4-1-1855.)

*No daughters are mentioned. Full details of William and Amelia's children from two books about the Benalla area will be revealed later. This had been transcribed last night but I lost the edit page and countless hours of work. William moved to Essendon in 1864 and took over John Pitches' Farmers' Hotel and it was there that Amelia, who drowned at Lake Rowan 10 years before William's 1888 biography was written, was born.I recall an earlier daughter as well.
EventBirth Event registration number22034 Registration year1865
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthESSE

By 1878, William and Amelia seem to have forgotten whether Amelia had been born before or after the move to Essendon. Perhaps that was why William's timeline in his 1888 biography was so vague or perhaps they were too distressed to think straight and nominate Lake Rowan as the place of death. There was a report of her drowning and that of a 45 year old man included in one of the Benalla area books that Mrs Ivison let me borrow.

EventDeath Event registration number8969 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesAmelia SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthBROA Place of death Age13

(1)J.P.Fawkner was forced to sell off large parts of his estate circa 1843 when his run near Mt Macedon (whose name has been corrupted to Monageeta) was lost and his sheep became worthless due to the depression. He had shrewdly transferred the title of the land north of the village blocks (including the Young Queen site) to Victoria St to his wife Eliza, nee Cobb, but the land on the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd to Northumberland Rd was sold as small farms such as H.G.Ashurst's "Merai Farm", the biggest of them, later owned for many decades by John Kernan. Mr James must have bought one of the smaller ones, not the whole estate as implied.

(2)Eyre Evans Kenny's "Camp Hill", c/a's 3 and 4, section 4, Tullamarine, stretched from Broadmeadows Rd to the Monee Ponds Creek. In 1847, Macedon road (today's Melrose Drive) was surveyed through the property and within a hsandful of years became the great road to the diggings (via Bulla and Sunbury) until Samuel Brees' elevated timber bridge at Keilor was built in 1854. Kenny tried to establish the village of Gretna Green on what became Manfield's triangle between Broadmeadows Rd and Melrose Drive. It fizzled and the triangle became three portions of 26 acres (roughly between Sharps Rd and Carol Grove) a middle section of 52 acres north to about Sycamore Ave and a northern portion containing the shops, of 11 acres.

On 20-2-1865 Frances Ann Kenny sold the southern 26 acres to Thomas Washbourn and William Goldsborough Chadwick. This was probably the property "a mile away towards Deep Creek" to which William had moved and probably leased for some years before buying it. He would now be much closer to the township and the land was close enough to Essendon to be useful when he moved to Essendon but David Mansfield owned it by 1868. In 1858, being a Wesleyan,William was appointed to the Board of Broadmeadows National School 27 to lessen the predominance of Presbyterians on that body.He and Amelia, whom he married in 1854, probably had a 3 year old by this stage.It is possible that Amelia's father and William became acquainted when the latter started butchering.(P.40, B.A.F.H.)

(3) Same line of business meant hotel keeping etc. and as trove demonstrates, most of the years at Essendon were spent at hotels called the Farmers Arms, the 1874 version built by William still standing on the south west corner of Buckley St (Braybrook Rd because it led to Solomons ford since 1835) and Mt. Alexander Rds. The one whose licence was transferred from John Pitches to William Chadwick in 1864 was probably a stone's throw south of the corner near Pitches St.

NOTICE.-Transfer of Publican's Licence.-I,JOHN PITCHES, the holder of a publican's licence for the house and premises known as the Farmers' Hotel, Essendon, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Court of Petty Sessions holden at Flemington on the 24th October, 1864. to TRANSFER the said LICENCE to William
Given under my hand this 6th October, 1864, at Essendon. JOHN PITCHES.(P.3, Argus, 20-10-1864.)

...;permission was granted to Wm. Chadwick to remove his present licence from the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Essendon,
to a new house at the corner of the Braybrook and Mount Alexander-road, Essendon, to be known as the Farmers' Arms Hotel.(P.3, The Age, 24-6-1874.)

During the afternoon several showers fell, which materially interfered with the condition of the running ground, as well as the comfort of the spectators, who however, found partial shelter in a large refreshment tent erected by Mr W.Chadwick, of the Farmers' Arms, Essendon. (Athletic Sports on "Windy Hill", P.6, Argus, 5-10-1874.)

HOTEL.-Farmer' s Hotel, Essendon -This well known house is to LET. For particulars apply on premises, to William Chadwick, or R M'Cracken and Co , brewers.(P.8, Argus, 5-10-1876.)

William was certainly on the ball about the twelve years spent at Essendon, 12 years and 4 months.

Take 2 of my transcription will be much reduced from my first (lost) effort and deal mainly with William and Amelia's children. If Benalla residents can't borrow the two books, send me your email address in a Family Tree Circles private message and I'll attach the C file in an email reply.

Mrs Ivison, widow of Rex, who built the Ardmillan Reception Centre in Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds (where my wife worked),grew up in Benalla and recalled Chadwick's paddock. She generously let me borrow her two books:
BENALLA SKETCHED, by Judy Bassett and A JOURNEY THROUGH THE THE PARISH OF KARRABUMET,by Joyce Charnstrom and Jacye Syme.

William and Amelia's children (eight in number as stated in William's 1902 obituary with BDM details in bold type) were:
JOHN EDWARD, b.1855. Died single at Benalla in 1888. Selected 36A (Karrabumet?) in 1877.
ELIZABETH, b.1857.EventDeath Event registration number446 Registration year1858
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameAmelia (Unknown) Place of birthVICT Place of death Age1

CHARLES WILLIAM, b.1859. EventDeath Event registration number5153 Registration year1860
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesCharles William SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameElizabeth Place of birthBRO Place of death Age2. I presume his grandmother's name was accidentally taken to be his mother's name BY THE REGISTRAR.Bezza &Co.'s Will Will Rook list give the age as one year two months.He is described as a butcher's child, so he was obviously William and Amelia's boy.

WILLIAM, b.1861
MARTIN GOLDSBOROUGH, b.1863. Married Susan Riley in 1885.Commenced farming 36 ABD etc. Retired to Melbourne 1923.
AMELIA, b.1865. Drowned at Lake Rowan 18-8-1878.
THOMAS, b.1869. EventDeath Event registration number3833 Registration year1871
Personal information
Family nameCHADWICK Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's nameThomas Mother's nameAmelia (Rogers) Place of birthESSE Place of death Age2. The Will Will Rook book gives the date of death as 14-5-1871 and the age as 2 years 5 months.

JOHN, b.1872. Died 1898 at Benalla.