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A DESAILLY RUN ON THE MORNINGTON PENISULA? BORDERS? (VIC., AUST.) Also MEYRICK &HOBSON.

This journal resulted from a quest to confirm a theory that a building,the remains of which are shown in an aerial photo of portion of Dromana taken after the bushfires of December 1939, was the Kangerong guest house. My motto is USE IT OR LOSE IT now because I have often failed to find articles on trove that I have read in the past such as Watson Eaton's testimony that he'd never attended university or received any medical training, or my current problem of finding when Dromana was split over the proposal to relocate the post office from the Foote St corner.

Like George Smith's Wooloowoollboolook,Desailly's run on the peninsula has often been mentioned and I think I have seen a reference in a heritage study to it being on the southern side of Arthurs Seat's summit. The only actual place whose location I've been able to determine is Desailly's waterhole near which Victoria's second duel took place between Meyrick and Dr Barker. This was near the bend in Maxwell Rd in Melway 252 J6. (Location based on a map in Charles Hollinshed's LIME LAND LEISURE.)

This extract pertains to the family of Dr Desailly (who was on the staff of Sydney's hospital in 1832 and whose descendants married into the Dr Godfrey Howitt family and were valued members of the Camperdown community- none of which was mentioned in Billot and Kenyon's article.)

PASTORAL PIONEERS THE DESAILLYS WHEN 2,000,000 ACRES WERE HELD No. 103
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 7 December 1935 p 4 Article

PASTORAL PIONEERS By R.V.B. and A.S.K.
THE DESAILLYS
WHEN 2,000,000 ACRES WERE HELD
No. 103
SOMETHING of the Desaillys has already been told in this series of articles, but there is much more. Dr.Francis Desailly, who was born in London in 1772, came over from Van Dieman's Land after having been in partnership
with Captain Harrison at Jerico. With him were his sons, Francis and George.

They arrived in the ill-fated Britannia on April 1, 1839. As agent for Sir John Owen, Dr. Desailly took up Fulham, on the Glenelg, in 1841, but legal troubles supervened, and the run was transferred to George Fairbairn, who represented the Simeon Lord estate. Subsequently Fulham fell into the hands of George Armytage, of Bagdad.

Meanwhile Dr. Francis Desailly went to Gippsland and acquired a run a few miles from Sale, then in the possession of a Sydney firm John King and Co. The Gippsland run was also named Fulham,and was held by Desailly till 1853.

The sons, Francis and George, went to Edward Hobson's Kangerong and Tootgarook stations, on the eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay, where now Dromana stands. Hobson, a grandson of Dr. Luttrell, surgeon at Hobart Town, and a friend of another Desailly (Dr. T. A.), who was assistant surgeon at the Colonial Hospital, Hobart Town, was the first to settle in that locality.

EXPLORING WESTERNPORT
Robert Jamieson, who for a time held all the country from Arthur's Seat to Point Nepean, persuaded Hobson and the Desaillys to accompany him upon an expedition to explore Westernport Bay.They took three blackfellows with them. They carried a whaleboat across the peninsula, and in it visited all parts of the Westernport Bay. The result of the expedition was that Jamieson sold out most of his holdings,including Cape Schanck, to Willoughby and Thomson, and they in turn sold to John Barker, who later was for 40 years clerk of Parliament.Jamieson then moved to the head of Westernport, and he called his new province Torbinurruck, now Tobin Yallock.
Francis (jun.) and George Desailly remained at Arthur's Seat for some time.

MEYRICK AND HOBSON.
Meyrick(a member of the family after whom the area known as Merricks is named)talks of Edward Hobson at Kangerong in his book Life in the Bush...
Before the close of June 1837,he (Hobson) moved down the bay past Arthurs Seat and took up the country between the present day townships and Rye*.His run, known to Henry Meyrick as PACKOMEDURRAWARRA became best known as Kangerong or Tootgarook." (P.25 of Colin Mclear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
*It is not certain whether Edward Hobson's run comprised all the land between Ellerina/ Bruce/Foxey's Hangout Rd and Government Rd, Rye at the same time, but he had moved past Arthurs Seat before Hugh Jamieson purchased his special Survey in 1841. The purpose of the above is to explain that "Henry's friend at PACKEMEDURRAWARRA" in the following article was Edward Hobson.

"And Some on—the Wallaby Track" BOOKS OF THE DAY
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 16 March 1940 p 34 Article Illustrated
... , the two boys, in order to be near Maurice, took up some land on Westernport, about half-way between ... . Finally they decided it was hopeless to stay at Westernport. Henry, on the recommendation of a friend ... 2520 words

Narre Gullen was probably Coolart. The Desaillys probably sat on the fence when two versions of the duel at Desailly's waterhole appeared, given that one version was written by Howitt, who received many grants in the parishes of Fingal (west of Boneo Rd and the Cape Schanck turn off road) and Flinders(fronting Boyds Rd.)

This extract from the above mentioned book of the day details how Henry Meyrick's life ended in the Thompson River in 1847 in an attempt to get medical attention for Mrs Desailly.

In May, 1847, Alfred and Henry were invited to stay at the station of Mr.Desailly, on the Thomson River. Mrs.
Desailly, whose confinement was expected, became suddenly ill. Desailly dared not leave his wife, and asked Henry to ride to Alberton for a doctor. The Thomson River was flooded at the time.To save time Henry insisted on swimming the river on horseback, despite Desailly's protests. Horse and man were sweptdown stream. By some means Henry lost his hold on the horse, and was drowned in midstream. Desailly witnessed the tragedy, powerless to give any assistance.

Next day Mrs. Desailly and her child both died. Henry's body was not found until a fortnight later.That is the story of one man who helped to make Australia. The final tragedy of the death of Henry and the mother and child must be typical of many such that have never been recorded.
"LIFE IN THE BUSH 11840-1847)," by F. J.Meyrick (London: Thomas Nelson); 10/.

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 8 months ago

LAND IN FINGAL AND WANNAEUE OWNED BY THE CAIRNS FAMILY AND THEIR IN-LAWS, VIC, AUST.

The parishes of Fingal and Wannaeue run west to the line of Government Rd/Weeroona St in Rye where they adjoin the parish of Nepean. Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and Wannaeue extends north to Port Phillip Bay.

See the BONEO IN 1902 journal re land use.

BAYFORD.
See comment boxes re John A.Bayford and W.Bayford. They were not related to the Cairns family or any of their relatives but probably taught their children and John was the grantee of 140 acres on which Chris Cairns was assessed in 1900.


LITTLE SCOTLAND.
The first land occupied by the Cairns family was crown allotment 2 of the parish of Wannaeue, at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.(Melway 170B-C 10-11),consisting of 177 acres 1 rood and 16 perches.
An interesting occupant of a hut on Little Scotland in 1864 was Robert White. This could have been one of the four Irish limeburners from the Rye/Sorrento area or Robert White Senior from Clackmannan (who had married Elizabeth Russell*; in 1875, his son, Blooming Bob White, bought Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd in Rosebud, and from about 1890 Blooming Bob moved to land fronting the east side of White Hill Rd from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd.In view of the name of Alexander's grant, it is interesting that Robert White Senior died at Menstries Hill, Rosebud.I believe that Menstries Hill was that Rise on which stands 19 Mitchell St, Rosebud.

*Extract from my HILL HILLIS journal.Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881 at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.
(Information from Family Tree Circles' toolaroo.)I think Elizabeth's mother's maiden name was Cairns. I also think than Ann White who married Henry Bucher was Robert's sister; she certainly came from Clackmannan, according to Peter Wilson in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

1864. Robert,David and Alex Cairns were jointly assessed on 3 houses, each of four rooms, 320 acres with 8 of them cultivated and a lime kiln. The 320 acres included Menstrie Main.Robert White renting a house from Cairns Bros.
1879.Whether my transcription was faulty or the rate collector forgot them, I have no record. I did not record Fingal assessments and the Wannaeue land may have been included with Maroolaba etc.
1900. John M. Cairns was assessed on 100 acres Wannaeue which may have been part of Little Scotland.
1910.Robert Cairns 188 acres Wannaeue; Alex Henry Cairns,Wonthaggi, 5 acres 2A Wannaeue; Christopher Cairns 15 acres 2A Wannaeue; David Cairns 20 acres 2A Wannaeue; MrA.G.Engstrom 60 acres 2A Wannaeue; Edward Engstrom 20 acres 2A Wannaeue;Mrs J.T.Engstrom 20 acres+20 acres 2A Wannaeue owned by John Boyd who had married Mary Cairns. Robert Cairns was Back Road Bob and his 188 acres did not include any of Little Scotland so 7 acres were not assessed.
1919.David Cairns Jnr 10 acres; Mrs Janet Wilson,Boneo 60 acres. The owners of the other 107 acres might be somewhere among the thousands of new ratepayers but I'd be still transcribing two and a half years later, if I'd copied every assessment. It is possible that the other occupants of 2A Wannaeue were simply forgotten; the ratecollector described 2A as being in section B, but being west of Cape Schanck Rd,it was actually in section A.

MENSTRIE MAINS.(Melway 169 J (right half)K 10-11 with a frontage of 800 metres to Browns Rd and 718 metres to Boneo Rd.)
Clearing Sale. FREEHOLD LAND, STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, ETC. "BONEO, Wednesday, September 27, At 1 p.m. ;On the Premises "'Menstry Mains," BONEO. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. W. A. KORNES, Auctioneer, and L. WILDING, Agents in conjunction, HAVE received instructions from the Executors of the late Mr Alexander Cairns to sell as above: All that piece of LAND, being Crown Allotment 3, Parish of Wannaeue County of Mornington, containing 143 acres 2 roods 16 perches, or thereabouts, together with all erections thereon including a comfortable 7-roomed home stead, with a store building of two rooms,detached. Complete Stabling, Barn and Outbuildings. 'The land comprises some of the best in the district and the soil is of a dark sandy loam of good quality, splendidly adapted for the growing of early crops. The district is splendidly healthy and picturesque. The property is subdivided into 11 paddocks, securely fenced, and part wire netted, 100 acres thoroughly cleared. Paddocks all well watered and been sown down in English grasses. TERMS--One third Cash, balance in 1 and 2 years at 5 per cent. Possession can be given on completion of Contract of Sale. Title Certificate. ALSO 51 Crossbred Ewes with lambs, 11 2-tooth ewes, 3 Cows, 1 Steer, horse, Chaffcutter, and Horseworks, Jinker, Broad Wheel Dray, Roller, harness and Sundries. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-9-1911.)

Where did the farm name come from? From Stirling, just like the Cairns boys, of course!

83 Years Service on Farm.
A REMARKABLE record of length of domestic service is revealed in the case of the old "maid" of Menstrie Mains Farm. Menstrie, Stirlingshire. Known to several generations of her employer's family simply as Margaret, she has. served with the Gellatlys for 83 years, and is now aged 96. Margaret was only 13 when she "fee'd" herself for service at Menstrie Mains in the year 1848 and she has served all these years with practically unbroken time. Even now. within four years of being a centenarian. Margaret refuses to agree to her employer's suggestion that she should be taking things easier, and still "does her bit" about the farmhouse. Her only physical failing is a slight deafness. She can still read without the aid of spectacles.
(The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Thursday 14 April 1932 p 9 Article)

RATE RECORDS FOR MENSTRIE MAINS
1864. Robert, David and Alex were jointly assessed on Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains (177+143=320.)
1879. Recheck assessments.
1900. Alexander Cairns, Boneo, 144 acres, 3 (section)A, Wannaeue.
1910. Alexander Cairns, 144 acres, lot 3 of BarkersX. The rate collector wrote a cross because he realised that his description was wrong but didn't correct it. It should have been c/a 3, section A, Wannaeue.
1919. Mrs Helen Cairns,Boneo, 144 acres, c/a 3, A, Wannaeue. It should be Miss Helen Cairns, Alexander's 9th child:
i.e. 9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.

BACK ROAD BOB AND FERN VILLA.
The reason part of the name of Robert's house is in bold type is that in Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, the homestead was called Tornvilla and this has been repeated in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study and (I think) in LIME LAND LEISURE. I first became suspicious when I saw it written as Fernvilla in rate records. So I checked in trove.

Stephen P. Thompson wrote, stating that he had been instructed by Mr Robert Cairns, of " Fern Villa," Rosebud, to write in reference to a drain which had been made along the road opposite his property at Hobson's Flat. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-6-1906.) I will later copy and paste SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD, from my DRAMA (DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE.

Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway. The original track across the Survey (Safety Beach) used to emerge near Ponderosa Place and a more direct route would have seen them go along Palmerston Avenue to the on-ramp just before Arthurs Seat Rd enters the Park.

Ned Williams cut a road around Anthonys Nose in the mid 1880's and, because of cars, the road was improved in the 1920's. The early pioneers didn't mind using the Cape Schanck road, because that was where they were headed anyway, Maurice Meyrick to Boneo, Jamieson to Cape Schank and not much later,the Barkers to both and George Smith to Wooloowooloomooloo (which I think fronted Cape Schanck road just north of Little Scotland and became part of the Tootgarook Run in 1850.) The lime burners further west,such as Owen Cain, would probably travel down in limecraft or walk all the way from Melbourne as Frankston Pioneer, Henry Cadby Wells and his pregnant wife did circa 1840 to join Robert Rowley,their daughter being the first white child born in Sorrento.

With Holden's store, Watkin's Dromana Hotel, butcher shops and a pier popping up at Dromana,and then Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store, as well as the fishing village at Rosebud and the road around Anthonys Nose, the coastal route became more popular. Hence the road to Cape Schanck became known as the back road and by the early 1900's, it was called the HOBSON'S FLAT ROAD. (If you want a preview of SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD,enter these three words on trove!)

Back Road Bob occupied 108 acres under licence No. 4289 in 1877. This land had a frontage to Cape Schanck Road, now known as Bayview Road.(P.24 THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) This was crown allotment 32B of 108 acres 3 roods (Melway 170 J2), now full of streets named after cars such as Austin,Riley, and Daimler. Fairway Crescent must have resulted from a later subdivision. Bob received the grant for 32B on 23-12-1887.Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family.At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.

Robert received grants for c/a 32 of 20 acres on 23-1-1901 and c/a 32G of 20.75 acres on 26-?-1906.The first contained his house block and the second (roughly Melway 171 A2) is now part of Arthurs Seat Park.

After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate. This estate was probably at the end of the stupidly named Cairn* Rd where we see Marina Avenue (Melway 170 K 2.)*This should be Cairns Rd just as William Crescent, in which Edward Williams' limestone "Eastbourne" stands solidly at No.17, should be Williams Crescent!



CAIRNS GRANTS.
The details of Little Scotland, Menstie Mains and Back Road Bob's 188 acres are given above. The details below are: Grantee;date of issue if on map; crown allotment; acreage; Melway location.
PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
*W.Cairns; 7-10-1924; 28E; 102a. 1r. 30p.; 171 C4 to Kings Walking Track.
E.Cairns; 17-2-1923; 30F; 49a. 3r. 35p.; 170 parts HJ 6-7, fronting W-F.G.Rd, Comet Crt,Coral Cl, Greenhill Rd, Bayview Cl blocks.
E.Cairns; 4-3-1918; 11C; 56a. 3r. 34p.; bounded by Jetty Rd Eastbourne Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd (170 F4.)
J.T.Cairns; 23-10-1890?; 6C; 19a. 3r. 21p.; J.T.Cairns; 4-5-1887?; 7A; 60 acres; (Both allotments comprise the green area in 254 C 2,3 and D3 fronting Limestone and Greens Rds, 6c being the northern rectangle.)
J.T.Cairns; 13-1-1886; 10A; 80a. 3r. 26p.; triangle north of 254 E4 bounded by the fire access track leading east from Limestone Rd and Greens and Baldrys Rds as far north as the McPherson Lane corner.

* This was Walter Cairns. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

CAIRNS ASSESSMENTS IN WANNAEUE.(See above for Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains.)
Alex, owner and occupier, 295 acres (Menstrie Mains plus 152 acres.)
Janet and James T.Cairns 177 acres (owner J.Cairns and Co.)
James T.Cairns 149 acres leased from the crown.
Robert 109 acres and buildings leased from the crown (first part of Fernvilla.)
John M.Cairns, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1879. John M.Cairns?, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1900. Robert Cairns,188 acres i.e.Fern Villa.
David Cairns,260 acres, 13AB. Melway 171 B,E 9,10 fronting Gardens/Two Bays, and Purves Rd.
Chris Cairns 32D 9?? (See COMMENT BOX re C.Cairns, A.Russell and Jn.A Bayford.)
James Thompson Cairns 200 acres Wannaeue and Fingal. (See Fingal grants-40 acres?)

1910. Robert Cairns, Rosebud,188 acres, 32, 32B ( and 32C!) Fern Villa.
Annie Eliza Cairns,lots 29-32 of 17, 112 acres lot 1 of Barkers. C/A 17 was bounded by Pt Nepean, Jetty and Eastbourne Rds and the line of Norm Clark walk (east of Ninth Ave.) Barker's pre-emptive right was bounded by Boneo, Browns, (the closed) Grasslands and Limestone Rds. I do not have subdivision maps for either.
David George Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud,farmer, 111 acres,lots 8 and 9 of Barker's.
David Cairns 102 acres, 31A (This probably should be 130 acres 13A,half of the land he had in 1900.);84 acres 1 of 13A (another part of the 260 acres in 1900); 21 acres,26A,late L.E.Dawson. (Not part of Chapman's Seawinds so it must have been part of Edward Ford's 95 acre grant at the north west corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds,Melway 252 G3; 60 acres (53) Melway 169 H-K 2,3, bounded by the highway, Mirriam Ave,Eastbourne Rd and Elizabeth Ave. (C/A 53 of 60a.2r.34p.)
The following are all described as farmers of Boneo.
David Walter Cairns,95 acres, 2 of 13A??
William Walter Cairns,111 acres, 5 of 29A.
John Dalgleish Cairns,163 acres, 3 of 29A.
Mrs J.D.Cairns, 161 acres Wannaeue.
David and William Cairns, 128 acres,13AB, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and Mirriam Ave. (13B was Martin's Corner.) This was Eleanora Davey whose heritage house still stands at the hospital.
Walter Cairns,87 acres Barker's (probably "Eureka") and 103 acres Wannaeue (i.e.28E-see GRANTS.)
Edward Cairns, contractor,Rosebud, 60 acres, 50 acres, 2lots rosebud, lot 74 of 17; had just sold lots 49-54 of 17 to Alf Hanson.
Mrs Cairns,2 acres and building,Rosebud.

Extract from my GREEN HILLS journal.
lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean. (Melway 171C-F 7 south to Davos St, west to Gardens Rd.)

Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)


1920.
Mrs Annie Eliza Cairns (nee Symonds, Back Road Bob's wife), Fernvilla, Rosebud,lots 1,2,29, 30 of c/a 17 (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk.)
Robert Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 188 acres and buildings,c/a 32, 32ABC,and part 2 section B. The last bit was part of the Burrell's pre-emptive right.George Burston had 368 acres of it which probably included most of the 331 acres of part 2,which was south west of Cape Schanck Rd and south of a line joining the top of The Avenue and Pindara Rd (as far east as the McCrae/Arthurs Seat boundary.) If Robert did indeed have part of c/a 2 section B, he should have been assessed on more than 188 acres.(Fernvilla described earlier.)
James T.Cairns, Boneo, 110 acres and buildings (pt. c/a 2 section B, 81 acres 10A, 80 acres 6(2), 7A, lot 6 on Barker's P.) As described under CAIRNS GRANTS apart from the first entry, except that 6(2) should be 6C and that no land has been added on for lot 6 of Barker's pre-emptive right.
Christina Cairns, c/o Mrs R.Cairns,5 acres of Little Scotland.
Miss Helen Cairns (Walter's daughter), 144 acres and buildings (Menstrie Mains) and 135 acres part 13, section B (171 B-F 9.)
William Cairns, Boneo, 64 acres part 13AB section A (Boneo Rd to Chinamans Creek.)and 121 acres part 20A, section B (most likely all of the Bradys' 21C of 121 acres at Melway 171 K 10 to 190 A 10.)
Miss Eliza Cairns, Eleanora,Rosebud, 72.5 acres c/a13A, part 53 sect.A (the latter from Chinamans Creek to Elizabeth Ave; the former probably east of Chinamans Creek.)
David Cairns, Eleanora, Rosebud, 85 acres, part c/a 13B section B (171 B-F9.)
Mrs Elizabeth Cairns,Rosebud,(probably Rosebud Ted's wife,nee Bucher),lots 43-6 and building,part c/a 17 section A (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk), almost certainly across McDowell St from the Safeway car park entry,Ivy Patterson owning the next block to the west, according to a map drawn by an unknown pioneer.
Edward Cairns(Rosebud Ted), Rosebud, lot 74 and 85, c/a 17 (probably also on the south side of McDowell St), 50 acres c/a 30(2) section B, 57 acres c/a 31A section A. (The first should be 30F,and the second should be 11C, as described under CAIRNS GRANTS.)

WANNAEUE LAND OWNED BY CONNECTED FAMILIES.
If I remember correctly, I discussed this topic to some extent in my BONEO IN 1902 journal.
CAIN.
When Ray Cairns told me that his father, Hill Harry of Maroolaba, had married Mary Agnes Cain, I could hardly believe it; a Presbyterian marrying an Irish Catholic! It seems that our pioneers were far less bigoted than the adults I observed as a small child circa 1950. The Cains had been the mainstays of the Rye Catholics for many decades with priests brought across the bay conducting masses in Cain houses.(Rye Primary School 1667 by P.Appleford.) Owen Cain established Tyrone,between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd circa 1843, Centre Rd being his loading road where his bagged lime was taken down the hill and onto the sandbanks at low tide to be loaded onto limecraft. Either side of Centre Rd are streets named after the parents of Hill Harry's wife. Her father was Michael Cain and her mother's maiden name was Neville.

Most of the CAIN grants were in the parish of Nepean but Owen's son, John obtained the grant for one allotment fronting Main Creek Rd:
c/a 21A of 130 acres 2 roods 32 perches, granted on 5-3-1895 (Melway 171 K9 to 190 C9, Main Creek- not shown on the parish map- probably being the eastern boundary.) This was in the Centre Riding and in 1900, John was assessed on the 130 acre farm.
In the West Riding John Cain was assessed on 198 acres, 4A, Wannaeue. (Buildings were probably recorded but I did not transcribe these.) Crown allotment 4, section A, of 198 acres 1 rood and 25 perches adjoined Alexander Cairns'"Menstrie Mains" at a point 718 metres north along Boneo Rd from Browns Rd and continued north to Hiscock Rd, indicated by Melway 170 A7 (bottom third) to A 10 (top third), and extending west as far as Henry Wilson Rd does. This land now houses Bunnings and, just south, the historic remnants of the limestone house in which John Cain's "boys" lived, according to Ray Cairns. (John had no sons so you can guess that his daughters could do the work of any man!)

In 1910,John Cain, Portsea hotelkeeper,was assessed on 130 acres 21A (centre riding) and in the west riding Andrew Buchanan, a grazier from Flinders, was using the 198 acres as well as James Purves' c/a 5 and 6 of 316 acres, between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland,which McIllvray was occupying in 1900.(John may have been leasing the 198 acres from Purves in 1900.)

In 1919, Julia Cain was assessed on the 130 acres on Main Creek Rd. In 1910,James Liddle Purves, a prominent barrister, had just sold 814 acres including the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and John Cain might bought his Boneo Rd land soon afterwards.
John Cain, Rye,326 acres and buildings,part 4,5,6,section A, Wannaeue; 350 acres and buildings, c/a 12,part 4,section A,Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 12 was at the south west corner of Boneo and Eastbourne Rds, extending East to adjoin the present Village Glen (part of Edward Williams' Eastbourne)and south to the southern boundary of Eastbourne Primary School. Hence Cain St just south of the high school.

Although The Cains were a Rye family, by 1864 John and his brother Joseph were well acquainted with Dromana. John was the correspondent for the Board of Advice which was responsible for all the Common Schools within the Kangerong Road District. Colin McLear mentions a request made for improvements to the Dromana school by the correspondent, John Cain, "later of Rye." (Colin pictured the Board of Advice as being the Dromana school committee.) Joseph was one of the earliest grantees of crown allotments in the Dromana Township and was assessed on two lots in 1865. He might have been fishing out of Dromana when he drowned. Joseph's wife (Ann Murray?) went to live on "Tyrone"when he died;hence Murray St near Tyrone's western boundary.

The meeting to form the Kangerong Road board was held at Robert Cairns' house on Little Scotland and guess who one of the foundation members of the Board was: John Cain,who was a member of the Board/shire council for the longest unbroken period. (See my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.) However the first member of the Cain family to stray eastward, even before Robert Cairns arrived in 1852, was four year old Sarah Cain. (See my journal:
LOST! RYE, BULLA AND FRANKLINFORD, VIC., AUST.)

THE WILLIAMS, RUSSELL AND BUCHER LAND IN WANNAEUE IS DISCUSSED IN COMMENTS, THE LOCATION OF THE BUCHER LAND BEING PINPOINTED THERE AS WELL.
WILLIAMS (VIA EDMONDS).
Edward Williams,related to the Cairns family because of the marriage of his grandson,Ned Edmonds, to Edna, the grand-daughter of the original Alexander Cairns and daughter of Walter, received the grants to the following Wannaeue land.
C/A 27B of 132 acres, granted on 8-6-1875. Melway 169 F (right third),G12 to Eagle Ridge southern boundary with a 279 metre frontage to Truemans Rd in 252 F3.
C/A 39B of 93a. 2r. 8p., granted on 29-6-1877. Melway 169F, G (left half) 10 (south half), 11. Frontage to Browns Rd between the two bends with No.220 shown at the midpoint.
C/A 27A of 20 acres, granted on 2-10-1886. West of 27B, with a western boundary running from the Browns Rd bend in the top right corner of Melway 169 E12 to the Truemans Rd bend at the Peter Thompson Drive corner (from which the southern boundary runs due east to the middle of 252 F1.)

RUSSELL.

WILSON?????? (COUSIN OF GODFREY'S???? ROBERT WILSON, TRUEMANS RD TIP SITE ON ONLINE MAP.)





CAIRNS GRANTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL. ( The parish is south of Limestone Rd. All grants east of Boneo Rd.)
(Grantee; date of issue if given; crown allotment; acreage; location.)
A.H.CAIRNS; 12-7-1902; 2b; 149a. 0r. 37p.; east cnr Limestone (east to bend) and Grasslands Rds (south to No.415.)Melway 253 F 4-6. (Alexander Henry Cairns later moved to Wonthaggi and then Lyndhurst where he died.)
JOHN CAIRNS; 31-7-1885; 10A; 100 acres;fronting Grasslands and Rogers Rds including 505 Grasslands Rd and 176 Grasslands Rd. Melway 253 F-H 8.
ROBERT CAIRNS;8-9-1887; 11; 183a. 3r. 9p.; fronting Grasslands, Pattersons and Rogers Rds. Mel. 253E-H9, part E-H8.
DAVID CAIRNS; 30-3-1914; 9A; 40 acres; most of 253 J 9,fronting Rogers Rd.
JAMES CAIRNS; 29-3-1881; 12; 198a. 0r. 28p.; fronting Boneo and Pattersons Rds, Mel.253C-E 10-11. This was the selection taken up by the original Robert Cairns in 1871 and the site of the Maroolaba Homestead built in 1873 by him. James (1848-1914) was his eldest son but moved away to do contracting work and was buried at Macclesfield. Hill Harry took over the property which later passed to his sons, Charlie and the Boneo Bradman, Ray.
895 Boneo Road - Premium Victoria Real Estate & Residential ...
www.rtedgar.com.au/?pageCall=property&propertyID=2178673...‎
895 Boneo Road. FOR SALE. $1,900,000. Maroolaba ... and a graceful circa 1873 homestead, Maroolaba is steeped in history and awaits the next chapter in its .

C.CAIRNS; 28-2-1896; 18; 150 acres; bounded by Lightwood Creek and a closed road (Eastern Grey Rise continued to meet creek at left side of 260 B2.)
A.CAIRNS; 29-3-1905; 17; 160a. 3r. 17p.; Melway 260 C-D1, 254 C-E 12,east of the closed road.Adjoins c/a 18.
D.CAIRNS (Blacks Camp Davey); 19-1-1888; 29; 52a. 2r. 25p.; fronting Boneo and Long Point Rds with the north west corner opposite Jones Drive (golf course entry.)
? CAIRNS; 16-9-1901?; 28; 19a. 2r. 13p.; south of Long Point Rd,middle latitudinal third of 259 F4.
M.S. AND R.D.CAIRNS;27-7-24;17a; 22a. 2r. 38p.; bounded by Lightwood Creek(south west), Main Creek (south east) and a closed Road (connecting Greens Rd and the part of Eastern Grey Rise heading south west which crossed Lightwood Creek and joined Long Point Rd at the left side of Melway 260 B2, left half 260C1 andsouth east half 260 B1.



THE IN-LAWS' GRANTS IN FINGAL.

HADDOW.
The death of Mr Archibald Haddow, which took place in Melbourne on Sunday last after a long illness, will be very much regretted by his numerous friends in this district. The deceased, who was 85 years of age, was a son of Mr Haddow, of Cape Schanck, and spent most of his life in the Mornington Peninsula. "For some years he was in business as a coach proprietor in this township, and for a term held the Flinders and Bittern mail contract. His good-natured disposition gained him the best wishes of all he came in contact with, and very much sympathy is felt for his widow (a daughter of the late Mrs Slattery, of Flinders) and his two young children. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Wednesday afternoon last, and the funeral was attended by a very large number of local residents. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 6-6-1908, Flinders.)

Archibald was probably A.Haddow who was granted crown allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal on 5-7-1883. Consisting of 147 acres, this land was on the corner of Cape Schanck and Pattersons Rds (Melway 253 D 8-9) fronting those roads and Grasslands Rd. It was across Grasslands Rd from the grants of John and Robert Cairns and across Patterson Rd from James Cairns' grant. Margaret Haddow married Carrier Harry Cairns who "lived on the corner of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds." This would be 9A Fingal (Melway 253B8),granted to architect E.Latrobe Bateman, and directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd from Haddow's c/a 9.Archibald sold the "147" acres to "Rudduck" between the assessments of 1888 and 1889,probably nearer the latter,otherwise the rate collector would have entered the assessment under R rather than H. H.N.Rudduck called it "Thornbank".

There was another Haddow/Cairns connection without the usual formalities and John Haddow found that Mary Cairns was high maintenance if you get my drift. (P. 2,Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)

Cairns and Haddow won many contracts with the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to supply road metal circa 1910.

Two Haddow girls married into the Tuck family.
Elizabeth Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Elizabeth_Tuck_records.ashx?pid=75120109
10 Records ? Born in Flinders, Victoria, Australia on 19 Jan 1885 to Thomas Tuck and Elizabeth Haddow. Elizabeth married John Pigdon and had 8 children.

Catherine Falvey Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Catherine_Falvey_Tuck_records.ashx?pid...‎
10 Records ? Born in Flinders on 1876 to John Tuck and Mary Haddow. Catherine Falvey married Cecil John Jennings and had 9 children. She passed away on ...

James Patterson's sister, Christina (known as Win or Winifred), married one of the Haddow men. Her mother was Christina (nee Cairns), thus providing a further link between the Cairns and Haddow families.

Archie Haddow's grant later became H.N.Rudduck's "Thornbank".

RUSSELL.
Firstly, a reminder of the many-layered Russell-Cairns family connection by way of Mrs Christopher Cairns' death notice. CAIRNS-On the 5th July, at East Melbourne,Margaret, dearly loved wife of Christopher Cairns (Boneo), beloved mother of Ethel and Oscar, youngest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Russell (Boneo), sister of Mrs. J. T. Cairns and Mrs. J. Cairns (Boneo), Mrs .D. Cairns (Flinders), Alex. Russell (Sorrento), Arch Russell (Tooradin), and the late Edward and William Russell, aged 50 years. (P.11, Argus, 10-7-1920.) At this stage, Ethel had not become Mrs Crichton.

Edward Russell had obtained a grant west of the Truemans Rd tip site in 1890 and may have lost it to creditors because of the depression that soon followed. However he obtained a grant in Fingal on what seems to be 15-3-1898. It was crown allotment 4, consisting of 79 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Located at Melway 253 J-K6, it was a five minute walk north along Grasslands Rd from land granted to John,Robert and D.Cairns.


PATTERSON.
R.PATTERSON (N.B.STENNIKEN,KENNEDY); 13-8-1885; 13; 244a. 2r. 4p.; south cnr Pattersons and Grasslands Rd, Mel.253 F-H 10-11, east of Maroolaba.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-3-1890 ;21; 197a. 3r. 34p.; south of Maroolaba to the bend in Boneo Rd,Melway 253 pt.C, D-E 12, 259 pt.C, D-E 1, pt.2.
J.PATTERSON; 18-2-1876 ; 22; 157a. 3r. 35p.; south of c/a 21 with Boneo Rd frontage from the first bend to a spot opposite the golf course entry (Jones Drive), roughly 259 C-D 2-3.
J.PATTERSON; 2-5-1901 ; 20 (2); 160a. 1r. 31p.; adjoined the eastern boundary of 22, containing some of the field and game area in 259 F 2-3, with its south east corner that of 259 F3. Surrounding H.N.Rudduck's c/a 23 (west corner of Long Point and Rogers Rd, Melway 259 G-H1-2, 153 bottom half D-E12), it had a 314 metre frontage to Rogers Rd adjoining Ralph Patterson's c/a 13. It was separated from William Patterson's c/a 21 by 20A (left half of 253 F12 and 259 F1.)
MARGARET PATTERSON; ?-12-1902 ; 24; 317a. 2r. 11p.; fronted south side of Long Point Rd ,part of which is now the part of the Long Point circuit heading east to Main Creek, Melway 259 H3 to 260 A3 and 259 G4 to K4.
RALPH PATTERSON; 5-9-1902 ; 27b; 75a. 1r. 36p.; 259 J 6-7 north of Long Point Rd.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-9-1902; 26; 119 acres; 259 K 5(bottom half)-8, north of Long Point Rd and fronting Main Creek.


BOYD.
R.Boyd; 8-7-1885; 19; 216a. 1r. 9p.; east corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds, 259 J-K 1-2 and north of the walking track in 260 A-B2, having a frontage to Lightwood Creek, across which were the grants of Chris and Alex Cairns (18 and 17) and as I just discovered 17A, granted to H.S? and A.D.Cairns, of just over 22 acres. About a mile up Rogers Rd were more Cairns grants. Robert Boyd, a carpenter, had been leasing this land from the Crown by 1879 and Mary Cairns,born in 1859 to the original David Cairns would have married John Boyd at about that time.

STENNIKEN.
Rachel Stenniken married Ralph Patterson and two Cairns girls married Ralph's brother, William, so there was a family connection between the Stenniken and Cairns families.
MARY JANE STENNIKEN; 23-2-1902; 14; 142a. 0r. 9p.; between Rogers Rd and Lightwood Creek, Melway 253 J 11-12, across Rogers Rd from Ralph Patterson's c/a 13, with Robert Boyd to the south and C.Cairns to the south east.

Harry Prince married a Stenniken girl and came into ownership of Stenniken land in Fingal according to the late Ray Cairns, probably c/a 14.

ASSESSMENTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL FOR THE CAIRNS AND RELATED FAMILIES.
1879.(Most land was probably leased from the crown; only transcriptions done today note this fact.)
Robert Boyd, carpenter,216 acres leased from the crown.
Robert and James Cairns, yoemen,199 acres (i.e.Maroolaba.)
Archibald Haddow, farmer,147 acres and buildings leased from the crown.
James Kennedy, 150 acres leased from the crown. (See STENNIKEN above.)
James Patterson,151 acres leased from the crown.(The father.)
William Patterson, 191 acres leased from the crown.(Elder Son.)
Ralph Patterson, 243 acres leased from the crown.(Second son.)
(On 15-7-1852 the Pattersons sailed from Scotland. James was 35, as was his wife who died at the Ballarat, and their children were Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2.)

1919.(All but one are labelled section C, Fingal. Section C was east and north of Boneo Rd.)
Godfrey, David and James Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 110 acres c/a 6.
Mrs Joanna(J.T.) Cairns (Crossed out and replaced with "Wilson Bros"), 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Johanna Cairns, 52 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A. This must be "Alva Hill".
Alex Henry*(crossed out and replaced with Mrs Elizabeth) Cairns, Lyndfield, Lyndhurst,150 ac.c/a 2B.
Walter Cairns, 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Florence Catherine Cairns (Walter's wife, nee Laughton), 168 acres and buildings,part c/a 9a.
Harry Cairns (Carrier Harry), 12 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A, section A.(Should be section C.)
Charles Cairns 106 acres and buildings c/a 10a,part c/a 11.
Robert Cairns,(Fingal,Dromana), 177 acres,part c/a 11,66 acres and buildings, part c/a 12.
David Cairns (ditto),66 acres,part c/a 12.
Henry Cairns (ditto), (Hill Harry)66 acres and buildings,part c/a 12 (i.e. Maroolaba on a third of the grant.)
David and Robert Cairns(ditto), 161 acres c/a 17.
David and Henry Cairns (ditto),150 acres c/a 18.
Edward Cairns,Cape Schanck, 40 acres, c/a 9C.
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell,Sorrento), 80 acres,c/a 4.
Godfrey Ralph Patterson, (Cape Schanck),294 acres, c/a 1, 8 and 245 acres and buildings c/a 13, 20B.
William R. Patterson, (ditto), 198 acres and buildings c/a 21, and 215 acres and buildings c/a 25.
Ralph Patterson, Dromana, 142 acres c/a 14.
(H.N.Rudduck, Dromana, 147 acres and buildings,"Thornbank" c/a 9-Archie Haddow's grant.)
389 AND 390. Mrs Mary Ann Stenniken c/o H.Wilson. (i forgot to record land.)
John C.Symonds, Flinders, 1100 acres, c/a 34-8,part 40, 414 squiggle, whatever that means!
No assessments in Fingal for BUCHER, BOYD,KENNEDY

*As mentioned earlier, Alexander Henry Cairns moved to Wonthaggi but he may have gone to Lyndhurst first to help a relative, perhaps a half brother, and married Lyndhurst Lizzie. See my journal, THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO:LYNDFIELD,LYNDHURST.

CRICHTON.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.

The 1864 rate record shows that John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker and outbuildings, Fingal?? Given that the surname was written as Crighton for many years,and that in 1865, John was leasing an 8 roomed house and 640 acres from Barker, I believe that he was leasing part and then all of the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right, directly across Boneo Rd from Glenlee, for which he obtained the grant on 10-1-1875.

Glenlee, bounded by Browns, Boneo and Limestone Rds and extending west to the Eagle Ridge golf course's east boundary, was directly across Browns Rd from Alexander Cairns' Menstrie Mains and a jaywalk of just over 20 metres from Little Scotland (which was directly across Browns Rd from the Boneo pre-emptive right, where John Crichton had first settled. (The Barkers were more interested in their Cape Schanck run and the second house built there, in the parish of Flinders, became Clondrisse.)

With the two families having been neighbours since about 1860, it was inevitable that there would eventually be a family connection. To add to the neighbourly bond, Alex Crichton farmed Lovie's grants (40AB, 41, 42, 43)
by 1879 and for several decades. This 638 acre property,with frontages to Browns, Truemans and Hiscock Rds, extended east to the end of Henry Wilson Drive and is indicated by Melway 169 D-J 8,9,part 10, and 169 H, part G and J, 10-11. It adjoined one of Edward Williams' grants and Menstrie Mains, Alexander Cairns' grant.

Yet another instance of Cairns/Crichton being neighbours existed by 1879 with Hugh Crichton's 314 acres of bushland (10B and 9B at Melway 254 H 4,containing Splitters Creek, Valleyview Lane and Uplands Drive)being quite close to James Thompson Cairns' grants (Melway 254 E2 and C3.)

PATTERSON.
Most local historians stick to writing about their own turf but there were many instances (H.C.Wells, R.Rowley, Robert Morris,Tommy Loft and the Orr boys, Theodore Napier,Percy Hurren etc) where pioneers were cheeky enough to stray from their designated boundaries.Sarah Wilson disappeared from the Survey as did the Pattersons. The Pattersons suddenly appeared at Fingal circa 1870 and later "left the district" at about the same time as an unknown Patterson family appeared near Wallaces Rd on the east end of the Survey.

Most of the pioneers on Jamieson's Special Survey moved, but not very far. Henry Dunn established Four Winds at Red Hill and was a grantee in the parish of Moorooduc near Dunns Rd,the McLears, Peateys, Clydesdales, Gibsons, Watson Eaton and many other bought land near Dromana, Charles Graves went to Shoreham, George Wilson
at Stony Creek near Shands Rd, Anthony Connell and George Young went just north to Moorooduc and so on.

Using evidence in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO (when the sudden appearances and disappearances are ignored), it is possible to believe that the Pattersons returned to the original place of settlement when they left Fingal. There is still a gap but this might be explained by R.Patterson, grantee of crown allotment 44, parish of Balnarring, on 26-11-1874. This land (Melway 192 E 12 and south east to the coast)is not far from land granted to the Kennedy family.

We'll start with THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James Patterson, a ploughman aged 35, with his wife of the same age and their four children, Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2, left their home somewhere in the vicinity of Duns, in Berwickshire, Scotland, to try their luck in Australia. Duns is a short distance inland and west of the town of Berwick, situated at the mouth of the Tweed River, in South Eastern Scotland. They sailed on 15-7-1852 from Greenock, on the west coast of Scotland, at the mouth of the Clyde River, aboard the 1144 ton ship,the "Lord Warrington" which carried 381 passengers, all bound for Melbourne. The Pattersons were unassisted passengers.

After disembarking in October, the family tried the diggings at Ballarat where Mrs Patterson died and was buried. (In about 1871, the Pattersons came to the Southern Peninsula.) Do you share my feeling that about 20 episodes of the saga are missing? If you were James, wouldn't you look for a female relative to help bring up your children?

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
P.27.A map showing early settlers on the Survey has the Peatey, Paterson and Clydesdale houses on the north bank of Dunns Creek roughly where the freeway crosses the creek near Lakeside Court. If the spelling of Patterson makes you doubt that this could be the Fingal family, Peter Wilson wrote:"On the shipping list Pattersons name is spelt with only one T".
P.45. Bruces of the well known firm of Paterson, Lang and Bruce had a house on the Survey just south of Ellerina Rd. (The Patterson name also appeared in business partnerships with Brownlee and Ray,surnames of early large leaseholds on the survey but there is no proof that the Fingal Pattersons were involved in any of these firms.)
P.47. The Wilson brothers bought land from Patersons, Downwards and Gibsons.
P.67. On 25-11-1888,Wm. Patterson's grey mare (JC) was put in the paddock with (George McLear's) Gay Lad.
P.85. Walter Paterson 1864. Lived at Cape Schanck. At one time a Paterson bought and held land on the Survey. This was on the north-east corner of Nepean Highway and what is now called Wallaces Lane. To old-timers the latter is still Paterson's Lane.
P.133. Among the first pupils on the register (presumably in 1873 when the Dromana Common School became a state school)were James, Isobel and Margaret Patterson.
P.62. Janet Patterson (Mrs Fred Warren.)An artist named Fred Warren a protege of Samuel Rudduck painted a religious text in the Dromana Methodist Church. He married Janet Patterson of Boneo. Mrs Warren conducted a refreshment shop in Dromana's main street during her long widowhood.
P.163. Jimmy Patterson was a member of Dromana Football Club's first premiership team in 1931. The photo on page 132 shows Bill Patterson but no Jim.

The above was intended to fill the void between Ballarat and Fingal,as were the family notices that follow. What I really need is a thorough obituary. I'LL KEEP LOOKING. (V&I.M?)

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
p.26. It was not long after Robert Cairns moved from Little Scotland to a selection of 200 acres (198 acres elsewhere in the book)that the Pattersons came to the southern Peninsula. In 1876,James Patterson alienated (obtained his grant, after selecting and carrying out the required improvements,probably during a five-year lease) 157 acres at Fingal.The Pattersons selected all the land adjoining Robert's property."Braeside" was built on J.Patterson Snr's selection and was later owned by his namesake son. W.Patterson's 200 acre block was beside Robert's and R.Patterson's behind.Later the Pattersons owned a large frontage to the Boneo-Flinders road stretching from Long Point Rd to Main Creek (Melway 259 F5 to K8.)

The Pattersons were good horsemen and gained employment with James Purves at the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, often taking horses to Kirk's Bazaar at Flemington. As they cleared land, they grazed sheep and cattle, grew potatoes and supplied chaff for the cabbies at Sorrento (until they lost the contract with Stringers'.)

James Patterson's elder son, William (1846-1916) married David Cairn's Christina.They had a son, James(b.1871)and then three daughters: Janet (Mrs Warren), Sarah (Mrs Bucher) and Christina, known as Win (Mrs Haddow.) Christina died in 1877, when Win was only 5 weeks old. William remarried in 1880 to Robert Cairns' Margaret. They had one child, William, (1889-1953) who later married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns' and Elizabeth (nee Bucher.)

Jim (born 1871 but 1870-1948 later!)married Mary Ellis,(probably related to Smith Ellis of Flinders.)He extended Braeside using stone and later ran a guest house called Antrimin Sorrento's main street. In 1931, his two sons Alex and Ross established Pattersons Motors (near Rosebud Beach Safeway site-see ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Alexmarried May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, the younger of Rosebud Ted's daughters.Ross and Ivy's sons, Barry and Max, carried on Patterson's Motors(probably on the McCrae Plaza site, judging by Peter's description.)

PATTERSON.-On August 6, at his residence. Nepean Highway, Rosebud, James, dearly beloved husband of Mary Graham, loving father of Alex., Ross, Molly; and Janet, loving grandpa of Barry, Alan, Sandra, Margaret, Max, Katherine, and Michael, brother of Winifred (Mrs. Haddow). Janet (Mrs. Warren, deceased), and Sarah (Mrs. Bucher, deceased), aged 77 years. (P.11, Argus, 8-8-1949.)

James Patterson's second son, Ralph, married Rachel Stenniken and lived in a clay brick house in Pattersons Rd.
They had six children,Jim, Sam, Sarah(Mrs Kennedy), Jessie (Mrs Edwards), Topsy (Mrs Dean), and Godfrey. All of the family moved away from the district, Godfrey being the last to leave. He had four children who attended school at Cape Schanck, then at Boneo.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, 27 Shaftesbury avenue, Malvern, Ralph, relict of the late Rachel Patterson, and dearly loved father of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, de- ceased), James (South Africa), Godfrey (Belgrave), Margaret (Mrs. Edwards), Samuel (Sydney), and Jessie (Mrs Dean), in his 83rd year, late Cape Schanck. A colonist of 78 years.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, Malvern, Ralph, dearly loved grandpa of Ralph Kennedy, Muriel Hedley (nee Kennedy), Arthur Patterson (South Africa), Leslie, Sarah, Jean, Claire Patterson (Belgrave), George and Dorothy Edwards, Ivy, Olive, Rachel, Jack, Marie, and Kenneth Patterson (Sydney), Jessie, Alfred, and Frances Dean, late Cape Schanck.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 6 December 1930 p 13 Family Notices)

EDWARDS-PATTERSON -(Silver Wedding). -On the 21st November, 1904, at St. Mark's Church,Dromana, by the late Rev. Edwin Rodda, Arthur J., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Edwards, Daylesford to Margaret (Dollie), daughter of Mr. Ralph and the late Rachel Patterson, Cape Schanck. (Present address, Verona, 27 Shaftes- bury avenue, Malvern.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 November 1929 p 1 Family Notices)

PATTERSON. �On the 21st July, at Rokeby, David-street, Albury, the wife of James Patterson, of Walla Walla, N.S.W., late Cape Schanck �a daughter (Molly).
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 August 1910 p 11 Family Notices)

PATTERSON,(nee Debney).-On. the 14th December, at Mt. St Evins private hospital. Fitzroy, Jean Muirhead, beloved wife of Councillor G. R. Patterson, of "Pine Grove," Cape Schanck, and fond mother of Leslie Washington, and Sarah Rachel, only daughter of G. W. Debney, Dromana. (Privately interred Melbourne General Cemetery 15/12/16.)The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 December 1916 p 13 Family Notices

Rachel's sister Maria, married Godfrey Burdett Wilson, who led the rapid expansion of H.W.WILSON AND SONS,
BUTCHERS. TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT.

PATTERSON. ?On the 26th May, 1923, at her residence, McCulloch street, Dromana, Rachel,the beloved wife of Ralph Patterson, loving brother of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, deceased), Jim (South Africa), Godfrey, Margaret (Mrs.Edwards), Sam (Sydney),and Jessie (Mrs. Dean),and loving sister of Annie (Mrs. West), Sarah(Mrs. Kenyon), Maria (Mrs. Wilson), Samuel,Benjamin, Mary, and Elizabeth Stenniken, and Jesse (Mrs. Dalton), aged 73 years. A patient sufferer at rest.

PATTERSON (nee Stenniken). ?On the 26th May,at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Rachel, the dearly beloved wife of Ralph Patterson of Cape Schanck, loved mother of Sarah (deceased),James, Godfrey, Margaret, Samuel, and Jesse, 73 years 7 months. (P.1, Argus, 30-5-1923.) Rachel was a Stenniken and sister in law to the two Cairns girls who married Ralph's older brother, William. Therefore the Stennikens and Cairns were distantly related.


RUSSELL.
Three of David Cairns' sons married Russell girls.James (1840-1929) married Johanna,David (1842-1923) married Elizabeth, and Christopher (1863-1947) married Margaret. James and Christopher were buried at Rye and "Blacks Camp" David at Flinders. Their children are listed in the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.

Robert Cairns' son,John (1850-1914), married Mary Russell and was buried at Rye.
TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT RE RUSSELL GENEALOGY.

22 comment(s), latest 5 years, 3 months ago

PIONEERS OF TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA: THE MCNABS AND GRANTS- pioneering Ayrshire breeders.

The McNabs were among the earliest pioneers of Tullamarine and are still there over 160 years later. At the time of writing (1:30 a.m.), I'm unsure whether anyone is doing a family history but I have a lot of anecdotes and property information, as well as some genealogy, supplied by Keith McNab. The Grant and McNab entries in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND are many pages long but I do not have access to this information at the moment. "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present" (Alexander Sutherland, 1888) has entries about members of both families.

To start, I will quote a passage from "Tullamarine: Before the Jetport".

Section 8 in the parish of Tullamarine was granted to John Grant, John McNab and Duncan McNab on 28-5-1850. SEE ATTACHMENT. They had settled on this land in 1848.The 640 acre block was split into three: John Grant who had leased land at Campbellfield for 11 years and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to the mill on the Pipeworks Market site (Melway 7 J10), called his northern half "Seafield". He also bought a river frontage at the south corner of Barbiston and McNab Rds. John Grant donated the land on which Seafield National School operated from 1859 until the Conders Lane (Link Rd) S.S. 2613 opened in 1884.

Duncan McNab had the middle farm (180 ac.), which he called "Victoria Bank" and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale.In 1880, his sons John and Angus returned, the latter applying the farm name to to the former Ritchie land between Barbiston Rd and "Aucholzie". This was, if I remember correctly 93 acres. It was on the north side of Barbiston Rd as shown on the map. After subdivision of this farm, the corner block, containing the homestead, was called "Rosebank". The owner circa 1890 told me that two McNab descendants (elderly ladies) who lived at "Victoria Bank", a house in North Essendon, had paid her a visit one day.
John McNab called the southern quarter "Oakbank". The first Victoria Bank was absorbed into Oakbank as well as Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12), and another part of the Upper Keilor Estate at 4 B11, which now contains Oakbank Rd. His sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup, and Oakbank at Yendon, on the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The Victoria Bank branch of the McNab family seems to have had land in the Green Gully/Dunhelen area at the boundary of Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future Cairnbrae (north of 177 D1.)

John McNab, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly in-laws. Oakbank John's son, Angus Duncan McNab, married Elizabeth Meikle whom he'd met while mining in Queensland and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith, farmed Oakbank until its compulsory acquisition in about 1960 for the jetport.

Harry Peck (in Memoirs of a Stockman) said that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayrshires in Australia. The McNabs are said to have imported the first cow of this breed (Oakbank Annie) into the country, although the Grants claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab of Victoria Bank in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the suburb was named.)
The McNabs and Grants probably occupied at least one seat on the Keilor Roads Board/ Shire/ City from 1863 until 1973, with William McNab serving as President five times.

An article in one of the Keilor Centenary souvenirs (1963, of the Roads Board, I think)described how John McNab
was chased by aborigines while on his way home. In his architectural thesis on Arundel, K.B.Keeley had a picture of the first Victoria Bank homestead showing the slit windows which allowed rifle fire at hostile aborigines but were too narrow to permit entry for the attackers. Such attacks did happen and Tullamarine, after whom the parish was named, led an attack on John Aitken's "Mt Aitken" west of Sunbury.
The above documents were provided to the enthusiastic Rosemary Davidson at Tullamarine Library but when the Hume Library system was set up, these and other treasures, such as the article from the early 1960's about the CLAN McNAB'S long tenure being ended by the jetport, were removed to the Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows.

THE STUDEBAKER. This poem can be seen in my journal RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE.

TASMANIA.I found an article in trove about the Tasmanian stud book, which stated that Tasmania's Ayrshire herds were chiefly derived from "Oakbank". Entering McNAB, OAKBANK will produce 13 pages of articles (20 per page) about the family and its Ayrshires, including much genealogical detail. An article on the last page gives detail about the sale of Seafield and its history. A GRANT, SEAFIELD search provides similar information about the genealogy of this family and its Ayrshires. On the first page is a letter from John Grant's son headed FIRST AYRSHIRE COW IN VICTORIA which does not even mention the McNabs. Perhaps the rivalry regarding the pioneering of Ayrshires had turned nasty. To resolve which family's claim was correct, I would google Oakbank Annie and Seafield Annie to see which produces a result.

The rivalry, which brings to mind the Batman/ Fawkner claims about founding Melbourne, seems to have affected a closeness evident from the normal entrance from Grants Lane to Oakbank. The tree-lined drive passed through Seafield. According to Keith McNab, the entrance from McNabs Rd, which was the original entrance to what is now the Airport Golf Club, could only be used in dry weather.

The Reddans had a property called Seaview on the north side of Sharps Rd (west of Fisher Grove on the subdivision of "Dalkeith") and I had assumed that the names of both farms had derived from views of the bay. However the naming of John Grant's farm most likely has an aristocratic origin. John was probably letting everyone know that he was related to the Earl of Seafield!


5 comment(s), latest 2 years ago

"DALKEITH", TULLAMARINE, VIC.,AUST.

Found this while chasing Bulla/Broady and Mornington connections.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold by private contract, on behalf of Messrs. James Harrick and Son, 200 acres at Tullamarine, being the eastern portion of part of Crown portion 3, to Mr. George Mansfield.
(P.21, Argus,5-3-1910.)

Gordon Connor told me that George had built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910. Spot on!

Section 3 Tullamarine, granted to William Foster and consisting of 640 acres, fronted the north side of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine west of Broadmeadows Rd. The northern boundary,Post Office Lane,is indicated by the north boundary of Trade Park industrial estate. It also fronted the road to Broadmeadows Township (now Mickleham Rd) to the Londrew Court/Freight Rd midline. William inherited and returned home with his younger brother,John adding William's 1280 acres to his own "Leslie Banks" between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river.

In 1847 a road was declared between North Melbourne and Bulla. Land north east of it was leased in portions and soon David William O'Niall had established the Lady of The Lake Hotel just a triangular 1.5 acre block* south of the Derby St corner.(*This still exists,with a Melrose Drive frontage the width of a fence post, and was part of section 6.)Broombank (Millar Rd, Tadstan Drive) and the Junction Hotel and associated land (Northedge and Andlon/Londrew Courts)took up the rest of the triangle.

What is now Trade Park was sold to Methodists such as Charles Nash and Ann Parr and the Methodist Church was built on the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive in 1870. Before that the Wesleyans had bought a one acresite on the bend in Cherie St and established a Wesleyan School in 1855 that operated until 1884 when the Conders Lane school opened on the present Link Rd north corner,also replacing the "Seafield" school.

South of the Catherine Avenue/Janus St Midline,the remaining 400 acres were bought by the Kilburns who called it"Fairfield". David Milburn,Victoria's first irrigator, seemed to be leasing it in 1868 and it was later leased by the Williamsons for many years. James Harrick,whose homestead is now the museum of the Keilor Historical Society later bought the property and split it into two 200 acre farms. The farm west of the Fisher Grove houses became Michael Reddan's "Brightview" (later Doyle's "Ristaro") while the eastern half was Dalkeith. This was owned by George Mansfield, T.and Ernie Baker (who had a bad accident), Tommy Loft* (who subdivided 40 acres for the Dalkeith Ave, Eumarella St and Gordon St housing), Leslie King Dawson and Moorooduc's former postmaster, Percy Hurren, who'd earlier snored during sermons while near Red Cliffs, according to Mrs David Shepherd.
(*Tommy Loft called a meeting to form the progress association in 1924 and in 1929 had Squizzy Taylor's haunt,the Junction Hotel closed, much to the displeasure of the local drinkers.His son,Ray, married Maggie Millar,lived at 3 Eumarella St,leased and then owned "Broombank",hence Millar Rd,and had a son named Gordon,after whom Gordon St was named.)

"GRACEFIELD", DROMANA, VIC., AUST. AND ITS OCCUPIERS.- A WARNING AND SOME MAP CLUES.

The WARNING can be found at the end of the journal.

This journal arose from the one about Melbourne Brindle whose father bought 30 acres of the Gracefield Estate and established "Sunnyside". It was apparent that James McKeown owned the Gracefield homestead while young Melbourne was living there from 1904 till November 1918 as he shows the homestead which is labelled McKewen (sic). The homestead was the same distance from Boundary Rd as the Sunnyside house, both being on the same latitude as the westernmost point of Hillview Quarry Drive (Melway159 J9.) The Sunnyside house would have been near Sayvon Court and the Gracefield Homestead was probably near the CharmaineSt/Dorothea Cres. corner with Gracefield Ave being its driveway; the corner of Gracefield Ave and Sunset Way was probably the northwest corner of the final, much reduced homestead block.Why do I say this?
MAP CLUES.
An unusual double right angle bend in a road such as in Price St (Melway 28 B2) and Henderson Rd (5 G10)is an indication of a remaining homestead or part of a property being sold off before the whole property is subdivided into normal house blocks. Price St bends around the reduced house block of William Hoffman's "Butzbach" by then the Croft family's "Buckley Park". The Hendersons had sold part of their farm to Mr Champion who built the brick post office that had to be demolished when Henderson Rd was made. Another clue is a mainly straight street with a slight dogleg in it. This usually indicates a boundary between two subdivisions, crown allotments or even parishes. One street that indicates a subdivision boundary is Levien St (28 F5.) The streets that cross the Moonee Ponds Creek(see map 29)have a bend to the south east as you approach the creek from the west because the crown allotment boundaries in Doutta Galla (west)and Jika Jika did not quite line up. Streets sometimes have a dog leg just before they meet a main road (that does not run E-W or N-S) but that is just so they meet the main road at 90 degrees. Enough of that; back to Gracefield!

Gracefield, crown allotment 5, section 3, of 249 acres 1 rood and 34 perches (249.4625 acres) was granted to William Grace.It was bounded by Boundary Rd, with 291 Boundary Rd indicating its south east corner, Arthurs Seat Rd and Caldwell Rd. There is no date on the Kangerong parish map to indicate when the grant was issued but it may have been in the late 1850's.He was on the property in the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 1864. He planted a vineyard which was tended by the Counsels.

William also bought land fronting the Esplanade(beach road)and backing onto Palmerston Ave from Arthur St to about Marna St and another (nearly) 38 acres that became the Seacombe Estate adjoining Karadoc. A search of the Nepean Division would be necessary to confirm it, but I suspect that William moved to Rye by 1869. In 1868, he was assessed on 249 acres (Gracefield) and 130 acres (crown allotments 2, 3, 4 and 7, section 1, Kangerong, that is, the land fronting the beach road at Dromana.) By the assessment of 1869,he seems to have sold Gracefield to Henry Young and the beachfront land except the 38 acres near Seacombe St.

William was a grantee on the Beachfront in Rye Township as well.This block is easy to describe as it contains the original section of the Rye Hotel bearing the stone stating "Mrs Hunt, 1927 etc". His daughter,Ellen,married Patrick, son of Dennis Sullivan,who built the Gracefield Hotel on William's grant.In 1927, Mrs Hunt replaced the 80 year old Gracefield and renamed it the Rye Hotel.

It is possible that the Sullivans met the Grace family through Catherine Sullivan who was granted 15AB Wannaeue of 152 acres (Melway 171 B-C 10-11) on 31-10-1858 and probably used Bryan's Cutting (along the eastern boundary of Gracefield), via 171 H1, to have a drink at Watkin's hotel or do her shopping at Holden's nearby store in Dromana. It is due to Melbourne Brindle that I now know where Bryan's Cutting was.

Colin McLear referred to Bryan's Cutting in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. John Bryan was thought to actually be Bryan Watson, a deserter from the British army. He moved into Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow" on the Survey when she established Maryfield and later moved to the top of the town common where he was engaged in timber-getting. The cutting, very steep and mainly used by bullock teams, according to Sheila Skidmore in her THE RED HILL, was the closest to the summit of Arthurs Seat. As my Kangerong parish map has the wedge-shaped area adjoining Gracefield on the east (that is now part of Arthurs Seat Park along with the middle third of Gracefield)labelled Gravel Reserve, I was unaware that it was originally the town common.

On page 37 of THE RED HILL, Sheila (who thought it was Brien's Cutting) discussed the three cuttings, William Henry Blakely's Crestmobile and James Holmes' accident in 1913, when Melbourne Brindle would have been about nine years old. The chain came off Holmes' motor buggy, and the brakes failed to prevent the car rolling back over a steep bank and overturning.I thought it obvious that this accident had happened on Eaton's Cutting Rd (Melway 160 E9 to 190 E3, a delightful walk)where Thiele was killed, until I saw Melbourne's map.

On the map, Hillview Quarry Drive (Melway 159 J9) is labelled TO ARTHURSSEAT-BRYANS OLD PLACE. Heading straight uphill from the bend, alongside Grace field's eastern boundary are double dotted lines labelled PATH TO ARTHURS SEAT & TOWER PAST BRYANS. That the land adjoining Gracefield on the east was the town common is proved by Arthur Brindle's application in late 1904 to clear 25 chains on his eastern boundary.

FLINDERS&KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL.. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29. Present :-Crs Clark (President), Marsden, Nowlan, Cain, Oswin, Buckley, Shand, Davies, and Shaw. CORRESPONDENCE.(14TH LETTER)From Arthur L. Brindle, Melbourne, requesting permission to clear half a chain along the reserve side of his block, part of the Gracefield Estate, for a distance of 25 chains. - Permission granted.(P6, Mornington Standard, 5-11-1904.)

On Melbourne's map he has an arrow pointing to Hillview Quarry Drive, as it is now known, in other words, Bryan's Cutting,with the text HOLMES' MOTOR BUGGY USED TO CHUG UP HERE.

THE WARNING!(Rather, the warnings!)
A. Don't take anything in rate books as gospel, especially when it involves the Southern Peninsula. The first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869 stated that almost every ratepayer owned his land and later assessments revealed that many of them were leasing it from the Crown.As in the case of Joseph Simpson of Red Hill, many new residents were overlooked and had to be added in an amendment after councillors had already signed the record. As you will see below, James McKeown was still paying rates on the whole of Gracefield despite the fact that the Brindles had been occupying 30 acres of it for some years.
B. This arises from my trip today (29-1-2013) to deliver the Milleara Railway Station Estate plan to Bob Chalmers. While in the big smoke, I decided to get a Kangerong parish map from the P.R.O.V. for the Dromana Historical Society. It seemed the same as mine but as I was about to write that the date of the issue of the grant for Gracefield was not on the parish map, just on spec, I looked at the map I obtained today. This one did have the date of issue. The second warning is this. There are many versions of parish maps and the one you see may not be the original one. There are maps of the Tullamarine, Doutta Galla and Bulla Bulla parish maps dating from the boom times of the late 1880's which record the names of speculators such as Herman in Tullamarine, and later occupiers of crown allotments such as Gillespie in Doutta Galla.If your ancestor's name appears on a parish map, do not take it for granted that he was a grantee!

OCCUPANCY OF GRACEFIELD.
There is no indication of when William Grace was granted crown allotment 5, section 3 Kangerong on my Kangerong parish map. However as intimated above, the date of issue appears on a reasonably similar map that I obtained today. The date of issue was 9-3-1857. William Grace was assessed on 249 acres and 130 acres of building land from 1864 (the first Kangerong Road Board assessment.) The building land (actually 131 acres 2 roods 6 perches ) was between Arthur St and Marnia St consisting of crown allotments 2-4 section 1 Kangerong,and crown allotment 7 near Seacombe St. These details were unchanged in 1868 but in 1869, William was assessed only on 38 acres. Thus began a search of the whole riding to determine the new occupant of Gracefield.

It was Henry Young who had 249 acres; William Heywood's 250 acres having also been occupied by him in 1868 and Abraham Griffith's 250 acres almost certainly being on the Survey, being a slight increase on the 210 acres of 1868. Whether Henry had bought, or was leasing, from William Grace, he was there also in 1870. In 1871, Gracefield was advertised for sale and seems not to have been assessed.
(My apologies for repeating some information. Submitting edits has been like Russian roulette with so many hours of text lost that I had to check if I had pasted the 1871 advertisement.)

FOR PRIVATE SALE,

VALUABLE FREEHOLD FARM,

GRACEFIELD, DROMANA.
To Capitalists, Vignerons, Agriculturists, and Others. GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. havo received instruction from Mr. R. Kerr, as agent for the proprietor, to OFFER for PRIVATE SALE, at thelr rooms, 49 Collins street west,
All that valuable farm, Gracefield, Dromana,comprising 250 acres of superior land, on the north slope of Arthur's Seat Hill, well fenced, grassed, and abundantly watered, with six- roomod brick house, slate roof,outbuildings, &c, with two roomod cottage, large cellar, &c. Seven acres planted with 1000 trees of the best descriptions of fruit ; eight to nine acres of the choicest vines in full bearing.etc.
(P.2, Argus, 25-2-1871.) A similar advertisement appeared on page 1 of The Age on 4-4-1871, the only real difference being that the printer had forgotten a zero, shrinking Gracefield to 25 acres.

In 1872, Richard Counsel was assessed on 250 acres and a 5 roomed house. His assessment in the previous year had been on 121 acres, almost certainly crown allotment 21A, Kangerong of 121 acres 1 rood and 27 perches, granted to C.Counsel on 27-6-1876, and fronting the north side of McIlroys Rd (No. 146) and including Melway 161 D10. Colin McLear stated that several members of the Counsel family tended the grapevines that William Grace had planted and as the 1872 acreage is right, it can safely be assumed that the Counsels were on Gracefield. (The sixth room in the above advertisement was possibly a kitchen that was detached, so probable fires would not engulf the rest of the house, and not considered in the evaluation.)

In 1884 James McKeown was assessed on 215 acres,Balnarring (i.e. 73 A and B, later known as Glenbower,the name of McKeown's house, and Wildwood.) In 1885, he was assessed on 250 acres, Kangerong (Gracefield)having sold his Balnarring land to the Sheehan family. On 21-9-1903 and 1-9-1904 James McKeown was still assessed on the whole 250 acres of Gracefield and there would be no reason to expect anything else.

(PASTED FROM THE MELBOURNE BRINDLE JOURNAL.)
FLINDERS&KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL.. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29. Present :-Crs Clark (President), Marsden, Nowlan, Cain, Oswin, Buck ley, Shand, Davies, and Shaw. CORRESPONDENCE.(14TH LETTER)From Arthur L. Brindle, Melbourne, requesting permission to clear half a chain along the reserve side of his block, part of the Gracefield Estate, for a distance of 25 chains. - Permission granted.(P6, Mornington Standard, 5-11-1904.)

Dromana, with its unsurpassed beach and beautiful fern gullies, is becoming more popular every year as a healthful holiday resort for visitors, a number of city doctors have spent their holidays here this season, and they commend it as being one of the healthiest watering places along the bay. A good inquiry has set in for township allotments, and some prominent city gentlemen have secured blocks. Brindle Bros., decorators, have purchased some of the Gracefield estate, and have commenced to build a residence.
(P.5, Mornington Standard, 18-2-1905.)

One would expect the acreage on which James McKeown was assessed to drop by 30 acres (the Brindles' "Sunnyside") by the 1905 assessment, but no, it was not until 1910 that any adjustment was made.Part of the problem was that the Brindle land was called "allotment and building, Dromana". If it had been described properly (as Cr Terry demanded)a need to reduce the "Gracefield" acreage would have been more evident.

In 1910 James McKeown was to be again assessed on 250 acres but 250 has been crossed out and changed to 22 acres, part 5 section 3. In the 1915 assessment still had the 22 acres and buildings and another 10 acres in crown allotment 5 section 3.

McKEOWN.-On the 10th March, at Gracefield, Dromana, James McKeown, aged 89 years.(P.11, Argus, 13-3-1920.)
James must have been in a bad way at the time of the 1919 assessment because Mrs Catherine Townsend McKeown was assessed on the 32 acres on c/a 5 section 3. The rate collector must have assumed that James had already died or he would have written Catherine's name as Mrs James McKeown; a female ratepayer's name was not recorded with her own given names unless she was a spinster or a widow.

WHO HAD THE REST OF GRACEFIELD FROM 1910?
By 1910 it can be assumed that Arthur Brindle had the whole 30 acres of "Sunnyside" because the observant 6+ year old Melbourne would surely have mentioned it if his father had added another 10 acres or so afterwards. James McKeown had 22 acres (or perhaps 32 if he also had the 10 acre block assessed in 1915.) Therefore we are looking for a ratepayer assessed on an unspecified 200 or 190 acres in Kangerong. George Robert Dyson had 203 acres Kangerong and Henry George Chapman, Dromana's blacksmith had 204 acres and buildings, Kangerong.

In 1919, Henry George Chapman had almost 24 of the 35 acre c/a 4, section 1, Kangerong between Pier St and roughly Marna St. He was also assessed on 101 acres, part 27A, Kangerong. C/A 27A consisted only of 51 acres and 24 perches so what the rate collector should have written is: 101 acres 27A and 27B,the latter being exactly 50 acres. crown allotments 27A and 27B, at the north east corner of Harrisons and Dunns Creek Rds, had been granted to George Peatey, but he found it too wet for farming so he and wife, Susan, moved to a 2 acre block at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St in Rosebud in 1888. (PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS, Rosalind Peatey.) It is likely the blacksmith's land in 1910 included these 125 acres and that he did not occupy the bulk of Gracefield at that time.

This leaves George Robert Dyson as the only possible occupant of the bulk of Gracefield in 1910. The 1919 ratebook entry seemed to show that he had 303 acres in crown allotment 3 section 3 (at least that's what I wrote in my transcription.) The handwriting was so terrible that I sometimes took five minutes before I could hazard a guess about what a letter or numeral was, so the actual translation could be 203acres, c/a 5 section 3. Incidentally,the Brindles left in November 1918 and I could find no mention of Sunnyside (30 acres, crown allotment 5, section 3 or its new occupant.

Is there any evidence to indicate that George Robert Dyson could have been on Gracefield in 1919, and by extension 1910? "Charlie Dyson's son, George, planted two orchards flanking the upper reaches of Pier St. In the 1930's many of the apple trees were still there but the land has been subdivided and formed the Panoramic Estate...." (Colin McLear, P.84.) The Panoramic Estate, with street names indicating views of Macedon, the You Yangs etc is on the east side of Jetty Rd, being c/a 12, section 1 of 62 acres on which George Robert Dyson was also assessed in 1919.According to Melbourne Brindle's map and Colin, George Dyson's house was on the west corner of Jetty Rd(a road that probably did not exist or was a continuation of Pier St in name as well as actuality, hence Colin's "upper reaches of Pier St".)It appears that Jetty Rd was called Pier St.

DYSON.-On July 27, at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, George Robert Dyson, ofPier street, Dromana, dearly loved husband of the late Mary Dyson, loving father of Bob, dearly loved grandfather of Mary (Mrs Jenkins), aged 79 years.(P.2, Argus,28-7-1944.)

George Dyson was connected to James McKeown as a result of Bill Dyson marrying Edie McKeown. Bill, known as "Squeaker", was a son of George's brother, Jack,if I interpret page 84 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA correctly.

THE WARNING .
Armed with shire of Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows rates and Maribrynong, Doutta Galla, Jika Jika, Tullamarine, Bulla Bulla and Yuroke parish maps,(all of which I thought I had put into safe hands when I moved to Rosebud), I was able to specify exactly the boundaries of farms in a triangle bounded by North Braybrook Township (south part of Avondale Heights), Goonawarra near Sunbury and Roxburgh Park.

As in the case of the Flinders Road Board from 1869 to 1874, these shires listed ratepayers geographically so as I scrolled through their names, I could trace the rate collector's "mental" location on the parish map. Even if the location of farms was not specified (crown allotments), I knew exactly where they were. If someone sold or leased the farm, the new occupant would be listed between the same neighbours as the old one had. If a crown grant was leased in parts, it was not difficult for the rate collector to check acreages of parts to ensure that they added up to that given on the parish map.

Peter Nowlan was the first secretary of The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong in 1875. Living in the Flinders Road District he may have had a hand in deciding that its ratepayers would be listed geographically in 1869. The Kangerong Road Board was the senior partner in the merger to form the shire in 1874. The first undated (possibly 1963) page of (parish of) Kangerong Division which survived to be recorded on microfiche starts with: Mathews. McLear, McCrea Doctor, Marshall, Moat, McLear, Mitchell etc. This was obviously an attemptto use alphabetical order (and spell correctly!)

Matthews should be after Mc and the two McLear entries should follow each other, so you can see that the idea of alphabetical listings was causing problems, even with a very small number of ratepayers. Not one property was specified so that its location could be determined, the closest approach being the use of Dromana, Red Hill or Survey.If you were recording all the people at a meeting, how would you like to do it alphabetically?
Alphabetical listing is great if you are researching a particular family from year to year or if a rate collector had to check a ratepayer's claim that he had already paid his rates. But it imposed an enormous extra workload! Once subdivisions such as Warrawee started, the number of ratepayers exploded and to have assessments ready on time, the previous year's record was laboriously copied (including errors which often persisted for years)with any changes shown by crossing out the old name and replacing it with that of the new
ratepayer.

I believe a strong-willed councillor from the Kangerong Road Board area (Kangerong, Fingal, Wannaeue and Nepean parishes), someone like John Cain, persuaded the first shire council to adopt alphabetical listing. The workload that resulted is probably the reason that rate collectors did not have time to worry about the exact location of the properties or to record changes in property size.

The case of the assessments of Arthur Brindle and James McKeown illustrate the lack of information about property location and size. Surely if Brindle's property had been described as house and 30 acres, "Sunnyside", part crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerongin 1905, and McKeown's had previously been 2 houses and 250 acres, "Gracefield", crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerong , the penny would have dropped prompting the rate collector to ask James McKeown what was going on. It would also be nice to have documentary proof that George Dyson had the other 188 acres of Gracefield!

The warning is "Don't believe everything you see in ratebooks." Was the early 1905 par about the Brindle Brothers buying part of the Gracefield Estate wrong? Was Melbourne Brindle's map showing "Sunnyside" east of the McKeown house on crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerong wrong? You'd think so if you believed the rate collector!

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 5 months ago

"ROSENEATH", WOODLANDS ST, ESSENDON, MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, IN 1865.

ROSENEATH AND GROUNDS IN 1865
See 6th item in column 2.

Who the heck was Hector Napier, Mr.Cohen? Don't you mean Thomas Napier or Theodore Napier of Magdala? According to Graeme Butler's ESSENDON CONSERVATION STUDY, William Kissock was an early owner of the land on which Alexander McCracken built his NORTH PARK mansion (today's St Columban's Mission at Melway 28 J1.)

ESSENDON AND HAWSTEAD

As you can see, lot 1, of 17 acres, consisted of Skehan's c/a's 12 and 11 and David Duncan's c/a 10 (whose acreage has been altered.) Isaac Batey stated that David Duncan had built "Roseneath". It was the southern part of c/a 9 Hawstead, now occupied by Salmon Avenue houses and Salmon Reserve, that comprised lot 2.

DAVID DUNCAN BUILT "ROSENEATH"

THE POULTRY LATER HISTORY OF "ROSENEATH"
The house's greatest claim to fame was being the death place of William John Turner "Big" Clarke, during the ownership of his NEPHEW, James Hearn junior.

"TEENIE" GIBSON MARRIED DROMANA'S CONSTABLE (VIC., AUST.)

"Teenie" Gibson (No details on page 82 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

O'SHANNASSY -On the 31st March at the residence of her son T P O'Shannassy, Manangatang, Christina, relict of the late William O'Shannassy, Tyrrell Downs, and daughter of the the late Walter Gibson, Dromana aged 83 years.(P.13, Argus, 24-3-1934.)

EventMarriage Event registration number4241 Registration year1869
Personal information
Family nameGIBSON Given namesChristina Nelson Rutherford SexUnknown Spouse's family nameOSHANASSY Spouse's given namesWilliam Vincent

DON'T TELL ME SHE MARRIED THE LOCAL (Dromana) POLICEMAN!
EventBirth Event registration number2121 Registration year1871
Personal information
Family nameOSHANNASSY Given namesWilliam Rutherford SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Mother's nameChristina Nelson (Gibson) Place of birthDROM

The following well-deserved recognition of the services rendered by the undermentioned police constables at the prize fight catastrophe at Dromana appears in this week's Police Gazette: —
" To Constables William O'Shannassy,at Dromana, and George Stephens, at Mornington, Bourke district, £5 each has been awarded in acknowledgment of their services in saving human life on the occasion of a boat accident in July last."
(http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/198657742) 1867.

Arising from the 1867 Dromana tragedy, William was a witness in Father Niall's trial in 1869.
CRIMINAL CHARGE AGAINST THE REV. PATRICK NIALL.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 13 September 1869 p 6 Article
... . Mr. Scurfield was in the room at the time. Constable O'Shannassy came in after the prisoner had had ... wished to speak to me privately. Mis. Scurfield and Constable O'Shannassy were in the room at the time ...

DEATH.
It is with deep regret that we have to announce the death of Mr W. R.O'Shannassy. The young man, who was only 28* years of age, recently came from Sea Lake, where his parents reside, to Dromana for the benefit of his health, and has been staying with his relations at 'Glen Holme.'(Glenholm!)Unfortunately the expected improve-
ment in his health did not take place, and he passed away on Tuesday. Much sympathy is felt for the parents
and relations in their sad loss.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-4-1912.)

The above was not William Rutherford O'Shannassy. His given names were Francis Rutherford.
O'SHANNASSY.-On the 16th April, at his grandfather's residence, "Glenholm," Dromana, Francis* Rutherford, fourth son of William and Christina O'Shannassy, Tyrrell Downs. (P.1, The Age, 18-4-1912.)

WILLIAM'S 1916 OBITUARIES.(COPY LINKS INTO SEARCH BAR.)
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/92121551
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/120959880

This was the son at whose residence both William and Christina died.
EventBirth Event registration number8506 Registration year1875
Personal information
Family nameOSHANNASSY Given namesPeter Thomas SexUnknown Father's nameWilliam Vincen Mother's nameChristina (Gibson) Place of birthDROM

William Nelson was born in 1877 (reg. no. 2077) and William Rutherford in 1871 (reg. no. 2121.) If the latter was the one who died at Dromana in 1912, he would have been about 41, not 28.
William and Christina's other child listed on the Victorian BDM list of births was Lillian Clare Evelyn, born in 1880, Four sons and two daughters were mentioned in William's second obituary; if that was correct one son and one daughter have not been found.

Before I discovered Victorian BDM online, I was able to obtain some information about married women by googling maiden name, given name, married surname. As Christina was listed as the third child, Adam (1854-1937) being the first, on page 82 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, I'd spent hours trying to find her birth notice on Victorian BDM. A GIBSON,CHRISTINA O'SHANNASSY search has produced details about Christina, William and their other daughter.


William Vincent O'Shannassy, Circa 1841 - 1916
William Vincent O'Shannassy was born circa 1841, to Peter O'Shannassy** and Mary O'Shannassy (born Kerrigan).
Peter was born in 1819, in Athenry, Galway, Ireland.
Mary was born in 1822, in Newpass, Westmeath, Ireland.
William had 4 siblings.
William married Christina Nelson Rutherford O'Shannassy (born Gibson) in 1869, at age 28 at marriage place.
Christina was born in 1851, in Kilbucho, Peeblesshire, Scotland.
They had one daughter: Edith* Ethel May Loader (born O'Shannassy).
William passed away in 1916, at age 75 at death place.

*See Edith's death and marriage records below.She was the daughter whose birth record wasn't found.
**William's father was a police sergeant. Extract from William's second obituary above.
" I much regret to record the death of a very much respected resident, Mr William V. O'Shannassy, late of Tyrrell Downs.
The deceased was a native of Dublin, and came to the colony at the early age of eight with his father, Sergeant O'Shannassy. In his youth Mr O'Shannassy joined the police force, and after a very creditable service of 26 years, the latter portion of which he was senior-constable, he retired to follow farming pursuits at Tyrrell Downs, where he lived for twenty years, coming in the early part of this year to reside on his property near his sons,Messrs. T. P. O'Shannassy, J.P.,and V* O'Shannassy."

*AHA, THE MISSING SON. HIS DEATH RECORD.
N.B. Christina's maiden surname is wrongly given as Nelson, which was one of her given names.
EventDeath Event registration number34034 Registration year1960
Personal information
Family nameOSHANNASSY Given namesVincent Rutherford SexMale Father's nameOSHANNASSY William Vincent Mother's nameChristina (Nelson) Place of birthBEULAH Place of deathSEA LAKE Age66

EDITH'S DEATH RECORD.
EventDeath Event registration number20308 Registration year1980
Personal information
Family nameLOADER Given namesEDITH ETHEL MAY SexUnknown Father's nameO'SHANNASSY WI Mother's nameChristina Place of birth Place of deathBAIR Age95

EDITH'S MARRIAGE RECORD.
EventMarriage Event registration number4511 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameOSHANNASSY Given namesEdith Ethel May SexUnknown Spouse's family nameLOADER Spouse's given namesJos Hy
While searching for Edith's marriage notice, I came across the 1915 farewell to William and Christina when they were leaving Tyrrell. William's experience, as a policeman FOR 26 YEARS, with official paperwork had made his assistance invaluable to his fellow settlers.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/154325248

Although it is reasonable to assume that Edith died at Bairnsdale, it is also reasonable to assume that Edith and Joseph Henry Loader met, married and lived for quite some time in the Mallee. Their daughter, Edith (b. 1915), was the most successful Princess at Chillingollah in 1923.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/23438708
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/171251590

.FAMILY TREE CIRCLES WORKS! TOOLAROO'S BOOK, "PENINSULA PIONEERS".

Today,I received a present from Toolaroo, a family tree circles member. Not only couldn't I put it down, it is extremely accurate. The only item that I would query is the spelling of the surname of Sarah Prosser who is quoted on page 22. It is possible that she was descended from Henry Prosser, a Frankston Fish Company director and Frankston and Hastings Shire councillor (whose daughter, Sarah, married Isaac Sawyer and, after his death, Amis Renouf) but she was more likely to be a descendant of Henry Prossor, who was in the parish of Fingal before moving to the Red Hill Village Settlement whose through road is called Prossors Lane.

The book is called PENINSULA PIONEERS which could be misleading as to the number of pioneering families discussed; the families discussed are in my surname list. Those marked with a star are just mentioned in articles and I will provide some information about them below.

LAKE/LEAK. That the two acre block (lot 86 of crown allotment 18, Wannaeue)had been already sold was pointed out in a loan document of 1879 detailing a loan from Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud to William Edwards, a publican who established the Tanti Hotel in the 1850's; see my Tanti Hotel journal. Fisherman, Jack Jones of Rosebud, later had a store on this(the FJ's) corner. I was not aware that the Leak/Lake brothers had actually purchased crown allotment 18 from Blooming Bob White, but Frederick and William Leak were assessed on 150acres on 29-7-1889. For once the rate collector got it right! After the sale flopped because of the dispute over lot 86, Robert White was again assessed on 19-7-1890 and 18-7-1891.

The loan document stated that the block had been sold off by this chappie.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 February 1874 p 3 Advertising
... on .Saturday, February 21, at thrco o'clock. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26. BROADFORD. Wannaeue, County of Mornington. SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION Of 152a. 2r. 16p., Parish of Wannaeue, County of Mornington. And By Order of tho Executors of CHARLES BLAKEY, Deceased. For Positive and Absolute Sale. Without the ... 9204 words


Frederick and William Leak were later (about 1910 I think)in dispute with William Jamieson, a pioneer of the Rosebud Fishing Village, over what was probably part of that two acre block,but unfortunately due to shocking digitisation, I haven't been able to re-find the article. If I do stumble across it,it will be included in my EARLY ROSEBUD journal under crown allotment 18.


COLLINS and COLLINGS. Maiden names in the Robert White genealogy way back, in Scotland.
AULT. A Dromana carpenter who later bought 140 acres south of William Henry Blakely's 140 acres (which has the Red Hill Consolidated School in its north west corner) and west of James McKeown's grants. Henry Ault painted the original Red Hill School at the north end of Arkwells Lane in 1875 for seven pounds fifteen shillings.
(P.28 THE RED HILL.)
HILL. James McKeown, Red Hill Pioneer who moved to Gracefield in Dromana circa 1885, married Catherine Townsend Hill of Warrnambool.
CLEINE. Son in law of the McIlroys. See THE RED HILL.
HOPCRAFT. William and John Hopcraft were granted land either side of Mornington-Flinders Rd near the north end of Tucks Rd and were near the Hillis and Davey grants and Henry Ault's 140 acres.
KEMP. Red Hill pioneer who was granted land in the parish of Kangerong on the east corner of McIlroys and Bowrings Rds between Blooming Bob White's 27 acres and the McIlroys and Forest Lodge to the east.
SIMPSON. See Joseph Simpson in my pioneer pathway JOURNAL. McIlroy in law.
HUNTLEY. South of Little Bridge Farm and east of another McIlroy grant farmed by Charles Cleine. Joseph McIlroy leased the Huntley's Hillside Orchard for five years. Sir Thomas Bent married one of John Huntley Senior's daughters and Cr John Shand married John Huntley Jnr's widow, Mary (nee Hope.)
BENNETT. Farmed Seven Oaks and Kent Orchard south of Craig Avon Lane. William Rd near the ArthursSeat summit is named after A.E.Bennett's son and executor,William.
ANDERSON. Yetta Ward Anderson supplied an anecdote about William and Joseph McIlroy and their strawberries. (P.22.)
PROSSER. See above.
CAIRNS. See my numerous journals about this family. Maiden name in the Robert White genealogy. A Robert White was leasing a hut from the Cairns brothers at Boneo in 1864. Both families came from Clackmannan near Menstrie; Robert White senior died at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud and Alex Cairns called his grant "Menstrie Mains".
PATERSON.RUSSELL.Both of these are maiden names in the Robert White genealogy.Perhaps the Cairns, Patterson and Russell families of Wannaeue and Fingal, with so many marital connections,were neighbours near Clackmannan before they set off to Australia. See LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL OWNED BY THE CAIRNS AND THEIR IN-LAWS and the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journals.

DAVEY. James Davey was descended from the pioneering Davey family of Frankston. The Davey pre-emptive right in the parish of Frankston was on the beach side of Old Mornington Rd from the Sweetwater Creek Crossing (Dory's Gully)to Canadian Bay Rd. The Davey homestead "Marysville" was demolished when "Marathon" was built if my memory serves me correctly. James Davey was granted land in Kangerong (Forest Lodge), 14A Balnarring (the Shand/Huntley "Kentucky" and "Rosslyn", houses now 214 and 212 Bittern-Dromana Rd)and land east of White's Rd farmed by Bullocky Bob White (born Robert James), his wife Hannah (nee Roberts) and their descendants.

BULLOCKY BOB WHITE was Blooming Bob White's nephew and the detail about his name change is in my journal about HILL HILLIS AND THE TWO BOB WHITES but not in the book.

Toolaroo's book has fantastic maps showing all the land grants superimposed on present day maps. Who's heard of slavery in Scotland and farms smaller than a house block in Ireland. By the time I'd read about these things, I fully understood why our pioneers would want to leave their homeland and familiesforever. Cairns descendants would love this book because of the maps and articles about the Menstrie area. Even the information about the Kew Lunatic Asylum was of great interest.

I don't know whether toolaroo had enough copies printed to have some available for purchase, but it is a terrific book which fills a void in the knowledge of the history of the Red Hill/Rosebud area. The Mornington Peninsula library and the Dromana Historical Society must obtain copies. Send a private message to toolaroo if you wish to obtain a copy.


WHITE, McKEOWN, HILLIS, LAKE/LEAK*, McILROY, COLLINS*, COLLINGS*, AULT*, HILL*,CLEINE*, HOPCRAFT*, KEMP*,SIMPSON*,HUNTLEY*, BENNETT**, ANDERSON*, PROSSER/PROSSOR, SHARP*, CAIRNS*, PATERSON*, RUSSELL*, LYNCH,