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LAND IN FINGAL AND WANNAEUE OWNED BY THE CAIRNS FAMILY AND THEIR IN-LAWS, VIC, AUST.

The parishes of Fingal and Wannaeue run west to the line of Government Rd/Weeroona St in Rye where they adjoin the parish of Nepean. Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and Wannaeue extends north to Port Phillip Bay.

See the BONEO IN 1902 journal re land use.

BAYFORD.
See comment boxes re John A.Bayford and W.Bayford. They were not related to the Cairns family or any of their relatives but probably taught their children and John was the grantee of 140 acres on which Chris Cairns was assessed in 1900.


LITTLE SCOTLAND.
The first land occupied by the Cairns family was crown allotment 2 of the parish of Wannaeue, at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.(Melway 170B-C 10-11),consisting of 177 acres 1 rood and 16 perches.
An interesting occupant of a hut on Little Scotland in 1864 was Robert White. This could have been one of the four Irish limeburners from the Rye/Sorrento area or Robert White Senior from Clackmannan (who had married Elizabeth Russell*; in 1875, his son, Blooming Bob White, bought Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd in Rosebud, and from about 1890 Blooming Bob moved to land fronting the east side of White Hill Rd from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd.In view of the name of Alexander's grant, it is interesting that Robert White Senior died at Menstries Hill, Rosebud.I believe that Menstries Hill was that Rise on which stands 19 Mitchell St, Rosebud.

*Extract from my HILL HILLIS journal.Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881 at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.
(Information from Family Tree Circles' toolaroo.)I think Elizabeth's mother's maiden name was Cairns. I also think than Ann White who married Henry Bucher was Robert's sister; she certainly came from Clackmannan, according to Peter Wilson in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

1864. Robert,David and Alex Cairns were jointly assessed on 3 houses, each of four rooms, 320 acres with 8 of them cultivated and a lime kiln. The 320 acres included Menstrie Main.Robert White renting a house from Cairns Bros.
1879.Whether my transcription was faulty or the rate collector forgot them, I have no record. I did not record Fingal assessments and the Wannaeue land may have been included with Maroolaba etc.
1900. John M. Cairns was assessed on 100 acres Wannaeue which may have been part of Little Scotland.
1910.Robert Cairns 188 acres Wannaeue; Alex Henry Cairns,Wonthaggi, 5 acres 2A Wannaeue; Christopher Cairns 15 acres 2A Wannaeue; David Cairns 20 acres 2A Wannaeue; MrA.G.Engstrom 60 acres 2A Wannaeue; Edward Engstrom 20 acres 2A Wannaeue;Mrs J.T.Engstrom 20 acres+20 acres 2A Wannaeue owned by John Boyd who had married Mary Cairns. Robert Cairns was Back Road Bob and his 188 acres did not include any of Little Scotland so 7 acres were not assessed.
1919.David Cairns Jnr 10 acres; Mrs Janet Wilson,Boneo 60 acres. The owners of the other 107 acres might be somewhere among the thousands of new ratepayers but I'd be still transcribing two and a half years later, if I'd copied every assessment. It is possible that the other occupants of 2A Wannaeue were simply forgotten; the ratecollector described 2A as being in section B, but being west of Cape Schanck Rd,it was actually in section A.

MENSTRIE MAINS.(Melway 169 J (right half)K 10-11 with a frontage of 800 metres to Browns Rd and 718 metres to Boneo Rd.)
Clearing Sale. FREEHOLD LAND, STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, ETC. "BONEO, Wednesday, September 27, At 1 p.m. ;On the Premises "'Menstry Mains," BONEO. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. W. A. KORNES, Auctioneer, and L. WILDING, Agents in conjunction, HAVE received instructions from the Executors of the late Mr Alexander Cairns to sell as above: All that piece of LAND, being Crown Allotment 3, Parish of Wannaeue County of Mornington, containing 143 acres 2 roods 16 perches, or thereabouts, together with all erections thereon including a comfortable 7-roomed home stead, with a store building of two rooms,detached. Complete Stabling, Barn and Outbuildings. 'The land comprises some of the best in the district and the soil is of a dark sandy loam of good quality, splendidly adapted for the growing of early crops. The district is splendidly healthy and picturesque. The property is subdivided into 11 paddocks, securely fenced, and part wire netted, 100 acres thoroughly cleared. Paddocks all well watered and been sown down in English grasses. TERMS--One third Cash, balance in 1 and 2 years at 5 per cent. Possession can be given on completion of Contract of Sale. Title Certificate. ALSO 51 Crossbred Ewes with lambs, 11 2-tooth ewes, 3 Cows, 1 Steer, horse, Chaffcutter, and Horseworks, Jinker, Broad Wheel Dray, Roller, harness and Sundries. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-9-1911.)

Where did the farm name come from? From Stirling, just like the Cairns boys, of course!

83 Years Service on Farm.
A REMARKABLE record of length of domestic service is revealed in the case of the old "maid" of Menstrie Mains Farm. Menstrie, Stirlingshire. Known to several generations of her employer's family simply as Margaret, she has. served with the Gellatlys for 83 years, and is now aged 96. Margaret was only 13 when she "fee'd" herself for service at Menstrie Mains in the year 1848 and she has served all these years with practically unbroken time. Even now. within four years of being a centenarian. Margaret refuses to agree to her employer's suggestion that she should be taking things easier, and still "does her bit" about the farmhouse. Her only physical failing is a slight deafness. She can still read without the aid of spectacles.
(The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Thursday 14 April 1932 p 9 Article)

RATE RECORDS FOR MENSTRIE MAINS
1864. Robert, David and Alex were jointly assessed on Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains (177+143=320.)
1879. Recheck assessments.
1900. Alexander Cairns, Boneo, 144 acres, 3 (section)A, Wannaeue.
1910. Alexander Cairns, 144 acres, lot 3 of BarkersX. The rate collector wrote a cross because he realised that his description was wrong but didn't correct it. It should have been c/a 3, section A, Wannaeue.
1919. Mrs Helen Cairns,Boneo, 144 acres, c/a 3, A, Wannaeue. It should be Miss Helen Cairns, Alexander's 9th child:
i.e. 9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.

BACK ROAD BOB AND FERN VILLA.
The reason part of the name of Robert's house is in bold type is that in Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, the homestead was called Tornvilla and this has been repeated in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study and (I think) in LIME LAND LEISURE. I first became suspicious when I saw it written as Fernvilla in rate records. So I checked in trove.

Stephen P. Thompson wrote, stating that he had been instructed by Mr Robert Cairns, of " Fern Villa," Rosebud, to write in reference to a drain which had been made along the road opposite his property at Hobson's Flat. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-6-1906.) I will later copy and paste SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD, from my DRAMA (DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE.

Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway. The original track across the Survey (Safety Beach) used to emerge near Ponderosa Place and a more direct route would have seen them go along Palmerston Avenue to the on-ramp just before Arthurs Seat Rd enters the Park.

Ned Williams cut a road around Anthonys Nose in the mid 1880's and, because of cars, the road was improved in the 1920's. The early pioneers didn't mind using the Cape Schanck road, because that was where they were headed anyway, Maurice Meyrick to Boneo, Jamieson to Cape Schank and not much later,the Barkers to both and George Smith to Wooloowooloomooloo (which I think fronted Cape Schanck road just north of Little Scotland and became part of the Tootgarook Run in 1850.) The lime burners further west,such as Owen Cain, would probably travel down in limecraft or walk all the way from Melbourne as Frankston Pioneer, Henry Cadby Wells and his pregnant wife did circa 1840 to join Robert Rowley,their daughter being the first white child born in Sorrento.

With Holden's store, Watkin's Dromana Hotel, butcher shops and a pier popping up at Dromana,and then Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store, as well as the fishing village at Rosebud and the road around Anthonys Nose, the coastal route became more popular. Hence the road to Cape Schanck became known as the back road and by the early 1900's, it was called the HOBSON'S FLAT ROAD. (If you want a preview of SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD,enter these three words on trove!)

Back Road Bob occupied 108 acres under licence No. 4289 in 1877. This land had a frontage to Cape Schanck Road, now known as Bayview Road.(P.24 THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) This was crown allotment 32B of 108 acres 3 roods (Melway 170 J2), now full of streets named after cars such as Austin,Riley, and Daimler. Fairway Crescent must have resulted from a later subdivision. Bob received the grant for 32B on 23-12-1887.Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family.At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.

Robert received grants for c/a 32 of 20 acres on 23-1-1901 and c/a 32G of 20.75 acres on 26-?-1906.The first contained his house block and the second (roughly Melway 171 A2) is now part of Arthurs Seat Park.

After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate. This estate was probably at the end of the stupidly named Cairn* Rd where we see Marina Avenue (Melway 170 K 2.)*This should be Cairns Rd just as William Crescent, in which Edward Williams' limestone "Eastbourne" stands solidly at No.17, should be Williams Crescent!



CAIRNS GRANTS.
The details of Little Scotland, Menstie Mains and Back Road Bob's 188 acres are given above. The details below are: Grantee;date of issue if on map; crown allotment; acreage; Melway location.
PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
*W.Cairns; 7-10-1924; 28E; 102a. 1r. 30p.; 171 C4 to Kings Walking Track.
E.Cairns; 17-2-1923; 30F; 49a. 3r. 35p.; 170 parts HJ 6-7, fronting W-F.G.Rd, Comet Crt,Coral Cl, Greenhill Rd, Bayview Cl blocks.
E.Cairns; 4-3-1918; 11C; 56a. 3r. 34p.; bounded by Jetty Rd Eastbourne Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd (170 F4.)
J.T.Cairns; 23-10-1890?; 6C; 19a. 3r. 21p.; J.T.Cairns; 4-5-1887?; 7A; 60 acres; (Both allotments comprise the green area in 254 C 2,3 and D3 fronting Limestone and Greens Rds, 6c being the northern rectangle.)
J.T.Cairns; 13-1-1886; 10A; 80a. 3r. 26p.; triangle north of 254 E4 bounded by the fire access track leading east from Limestone Rd and Greens and Baldrys Rds as far north as the McPherson Lane corner.

* This was Walter Cairns. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

CAIRNS ASSESSMENTS IN WANNAEUE.(See above for Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains.)
Alex, owner and occupier, 295 acres (Menstrie Mains plus 152 acres.)
Janet and James T.Cairns 177 acres (owner J.Cairns and Co.)
James T.Cairns 149 acres leased from the crown.
Robert 109 acres and buildings leased from the crown (first part of Fernvilla.)
John M.Cairns, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1879. John M.Cairns?, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1900. Robert Cairns,188 acres i.e.Fern Villa.
David Cairns,260 acres, 13AB. Melway 171 B,E 9,10 fronting Gardens/Two Bays, and Purves Rd.
Chris Cairns 32D 9?? (See COMMENT BOX re C.Cairns, A.Russell and Jn.A Bayford.)
James Thompson Cairns 200 acres Wannaeue and Fingal. (See Fingal grants-40 acres?)

1910. Robert Cairns, Rosebud,188 acres, 32, 32B ( and 32C!) Fern Villa.
Annie Eliza Cairns,lots 29-32 of 17, 112 acres lot 1 of Barkers. C/A 17 was bounded by Pt Nepean, Jetty and Eastbourne Rds and the line of Norm Clark walk (east of Ninth Ave.) Barker's pre-emptive right was bounded by Boneo, Browns, (the closed) Grasslands and Limestone Rds. I do not have subdivision maps for either.
David George Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud,farmer, 111 acres,lots 8 and 9 of Barker's.
David Cairns 102 acres, 31A (This probably should be 130 acres 13A,half of the land he had in 1900.);84 acres 1 of 13A (another part of the 260 acres in 1900); 21 acres,26A,late L.E.Dawson. (Not part of Chapman's Seawinds so it must have been part of Edward Ford's 95 acre grant at the north west corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds,Melway 252 G3; 60 acres (53) Melway 169 H-K 2,3, bounded by the highway, Mirriam Ave,Eastbourne Rd and Elizabeth Ave. (C/A 53 of 60a.2r.34p.)
The following are all described as farmers of Boneo.
David Walter Cairns,95 acres, 2 of 13A??
William Walter Cairns,111 acres, 5 of 29A.
John Dalgleish Cairns,163 acres, 3 of 29A.
Mrs J.D.Cairns, 161 acres Wannaeue.
David and William Cairns, 128 acres,13AB, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and Mirriam Ave. (13B was Martin's Corner.) This was Eleanora Davey whose heritage house still stands at the hospital.
Walter Cairns,87 acres Barker's (probably "Eureka") and 103 acres Wannaeue (i.e.28E-see GRANTS.)
Edward Cairns, contractor,Rosebud, 60 acres, 50 acres, 2lots rosebud, lot 74 of 17; had just sold lots 49-54 of 17 to Alf Hanson.
Mrs Cairns,2 acres and building,Rosebud.

Extract from my GREEN HILLS journal.
lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean. (Melway 171C-F 7 south to Davos St, west to Gardens Rd.)

Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)


1920.
Mrs Annie Eliza Cairns (nee Symonds, Back Road Bob's wife), Fernvilla, Rosebud,lots 1,2,29, 30 of c/a 17 (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk.)
Robert Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 188 acres and buildings,c/a 32, 32ABC,and part 2 section B. The last bit was part of the Burrell's pre-emptive right.George Burston had 368 acres of it which probably included most of the 331 acres of part 2,which was south west of Cape Schanck Rd and south of a line joining the top of The Avenue and Pindara Rd (as far east as the McCrae/Arthurs Seat boundary.) If Robert did indeed have part of c/a 2 section B, he should have been assessed on more than 188 acres.(Fernvilla described earlier.)
James T.Cairns, Boneo, 110 acres and buildings (pt. c/a 2 section B, 81 acres 10A, 80 acres 6(2), 7A, lot 6 on Barker's P.) As described under CAIRNS GRANTS apart from the first entry, except that 6(2) should be 6C and that no land has been added on for lot 6 of Barker's pre-emptive right.
Christina Cairns, c/o Mrs R.Cairns,5 acres of Little Scotland.
Miss Helen Cairns (Walter's daughter), 144 acres and buildings (Menstrie Mains) and 135 acres part 13, section B (171 B-F 9.)
William Cairns, Boneo, 64 acres part 13AB section A (Boneo Rd to Chinamans Creek.)and 121 acres part 20A, section B (most likely all of the Bradys' 21C of 121 acres at Melway 171 K 10 to 190 A 10.)
Miss Eliza Cairns, Eleanora,Rosebud, 72.5 acres c/a13A, part 53 sect.A (the latter from Chinamans Creek to Elizabeth Ave; the former probably east of Chinamans Creek.)
David Cairns, Eleanora, Rosebud, 85 acres, part c/a 13B section B (171 B-F9.)
Mrs Elizabeth Cairns,Rosebud,(probably Rosebud Ted's wife,nee Bucher),lots 43-6 and building,part c/a 17 section A (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk), almost certainly across McDowell St from the Safeway car park entry,Ivy Patterson owning the next block to the west, according to a map drawn by an unknown pioneer.
Edward Cairns(Rosebud Ted), Rosebud, lot 74 and 85, c/a 17 (probably also on the south side of McDowell St), 50 acres c/a 30(2) section B, 57 acres c/a 31A section A. (The first should be 30F,and the second should be 11C, as described under CAIRNS GRANTS.)

WANNAEUE LAND OWNED BY CONNECTED FAMILIES.
If I remember correctly, I discussed this topic to some extent in my BONEO IN 1902 journal.
CAIN.
When Ray Cairns told me that his father, Hill Harry of Maroolaba, had married Mary Agnes Cain, I could hardly believe it; a Presbyterian marrying an Irish Catholic! It seems that our pioneers were far less bigoted than the adults I observed as a small child circa 1950. The Cains had been the mainstays of the Rye Catholics for many decades with priests brought across the bay conducting masses in Cain houses.(Rye Primary School 1667 by P.Appleford.) Owen Cain established Tyrone,between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd circa 1843, Centre Rd being his loading road where his bagged lime was taken down the hill and onto the sandbanks at low tide to be loaded onto limecraft. Either side of Centre Rd are streets named after the parents of Hill Harry's wife. Her father was Michael Cain and her mother's maiden name was Neville.

Most of the CAIN grants were in the parish of Nepean but Owen's son, John obtained the grant for one allotment fronting Main Creek Rd:
c/a 21A of 130 acres 2 roods 32 perches, granted on 5-3-1895 (Melway 171 K9 to 190 C9, Main Creek- not shown on the parish map- probably being the eastern boundary.) This was in the Centre Riding and in 1900, John was assessed on the 130 acre farm.
In the West Riding John Cain was assessed on 198 acres, 4A, Wannaeue. (Buildings were probably recorded but I did not transcribe these.) Crown allotment 4, section A, of 198 acres 1 rood and 25 perches adjoined Alexander Cairns'"Menstrie Mains" at a point 718 metres north along Boneo Rd from Browns Rd and continued north to Hiscock Rd, indicated by Melway 170 A7 (bottom third) to A 10 (top third), and extending west as far as Henry Wilson Rd does. This land now houses Bunnings and, just south, the historic remnants of the limestone house in which John Cain's "boys" lived, according to Ray Cairns. (John had no sons so you can guess that his daughters could do the work of any man!)

In 1910,John Cain, Portsea hotelkeeper,was assessed on 130 acres 21A (centre riding) and in the west riding Andrew Buchanan, a grazier from Flinders, was using the 198 acres as well as James Purves' c/a 5 and 6 of 316 acres, between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland,which McIllvray was occupying in 1900.(John may have been leasing the 198 acres from Purves in 1900.)

In 1919, Julia Cain was assessed on the 130 acres on Main Creek Rd. In 1910,James Liddle Purves, a prominent barrister, had just sold 814 acres including the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and John Cain might bought his Boneo Rd land soon afterwards.
John Cain, Rye,326 acres and buildings,part 4,5,6,section A, Wannaeue; 350 acres and buildings, c/a 12,part 4,section A,Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 12 was at the south west corner of Boneo and Eastbourne Rds, extending East to adjoin the present Village Glen (part of Edward Williams' Eastbourne)and south to the southern boundary of Eastbourne Primary School. Hence Cain St just south of the high school.

Although The Cains were a Rye family, by 1864 John and his brother Joseph were well acquainted with Dromana. John was the correspondent for the Board of Advice which was responsible for all the Common Schools within the Kangerong Road District. Colin McLear mentions a request made for improvements to the Dromana school by the correspondent, John Cain, "later of Rye." (Colin pictured the Board of Advice as being the Dromana school committee.) Joseph was one of the earliest grantees of crown allotments in the Dromana Township and was assessed on two lots in 1865. He might have been fishing out of Dromana when he drowned. Joseph's wife (Ann Murray?) went to live on "Tyrone"when he died;hence Murray St near Tyrone's western boundary.

The meeting to form the Kangerong Road board was held at Robert Cairns' house on Little Scotland and guess who one of the foundation members of the Board was: John Cain,who was a member of the Board/shire council for the longest unbroken period. (See my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.) However the first member of the Cain family to stray eastward, even before Robert Cairns arrived in 1852, was four year old Sarah Cain. (See my journal:
LOST! RYE, BULLA AND FRANKLINFORD, VIC., AUST.)

THE WILLIAMS, RUSSELL AND BUCHER LAND IN WANNAEUE IS DISCUSSED IN COMMENTS, THE LOCATION OF THE BUCHER LAND BEING PINPOINTED THERE AS WELL.
WILLIAMS (VIA EDMONDS).
Edward Williams,related to the Cairns family because of the marriage of his grandson,Ned Edmonds, to Edna, the grand-daughter of the original Alexander Cairns and daughter of Walter, received the grants to the following Wannaeue land.
C/A 27B of 132 acres, granted on 8-6-1875. Melway 169 F (right third),G12 to Eagle Ridge southern boundary with a 279 metre frontage to Truemans Rd in 252 F3.
C/A 39B of 93a. 2r. 8p., granted on 29-6-1877. Melway 169F, G (left half) 10 (south half), 11. Frontage to Browns Rd between the two bends with No.220 shown at the midpoint.
C/A 27A of 20 acres, granted on 2-10-1886. West of 27B, with a western boundary running from the Browns Rd bend in the top right corner of Melway 169 E12 to the Truemans Rd bend at the Peter Thompson Drive corner (from which the southern boundary runs due east to the middle of 252 F1.)

RUSSELL.

WILSON?????? (COUSIN OF GODFREY'S???? ROBERT WILSON, TRUEMANS RD TIP SITE ON ONLINE MAP.)





CAIRNS GRANTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL. ( The parish is south of Limestone Rd. All grants east of Boneo Rd.)
(Grantee; date of issue if given; crown allotment; acreage; location.)
A.H.CAIRNS; 12-7-1902; 2b; 149a. 0r. 37p.; east cnr Limestone (east to bend) and Grasslands Rds (south to No.415.)Melway 253 F 4-6. (Alexander Henry Cairns later moved to Wonthaggi and then Lyndhurst where he died.)
JOHN CAIRNS; 31-7-1885; 10A; 100 acres;fronting Grasslands and Rogers Rds including 505 Grasslands Rd and 176 Grasslands Rd. Melway 253 F-H 8.
ROBERT CAIRNS;8-9-1887; 11; 183a. 3r. 9p.; fronting Grasslands, Pattersons and Rogers Rds. Mel. 253E-H9, part E-H8.
DAVID CAIRNS; 30-3-1914; 9A; 40 acres; most of 253 J 9,fronting Rogers Rd.
JAMES CAIRNS; 29-3-1881; 12; 198a. 0r. 28p.; fronting Boneo and Pattersons Rds, Mel.253C-E 10-11. This was the selection taken up by the original Robert Cairns in 1871 and the site of the Maroolaba Homestead built in 1873 by him. James (1848-1914) was his eldest son but moved away to do contracting work and was buried at Macclesfield. Hill Harry took over the property which later passed to his sons, Charlie and the Boneo Bradman, Ray.
895 Boneo Road - Premium Victoria Real Estate & Residential ...
www.rtedgar.com.au/?pageCall=property&propertyID=2178673...‎
895 Boneo Road. FOR SALE. $1,900,000. Maroolaba ... and a graceful circa 1873 homestead, Maroolaba is steeped in history and awaits the next chapter in its .

C.CAIRNS; 28-2-1896; 18; 150 acres; bounded by Lightwood Creek and a closed road (Eastern Grey Rise continued to meet creek at left side of 260 B2.)
A.CAIRNS; 29-3-1905; 17; 160a. 3r. 17p.; Melway 260 C-D1, 254 C-E 12,east of the closed road.Adjoins c/a 18.
D.CAIRNS (Blacks Camp Davey); 19-1-1888; 29; 52a. 2r. 25p.; fronting Boneo and Long Point Rds with the north west corner opposite Jones Drive (golf course entry.)
? CAIRNS; 16-9-1901?; 28; 19a. 2r. 13p.; south of Long Point Rd,middle latitudinal third of 259 F4.
M.S. AND R.D.CAIRNS;27-7-24;17a; 22a. 2r. 38p.; bounded by Lightwood Creek(south west), Main Creek (south east) and a closed Road (connecting Greens Rd and the part of Eastern Grey Rise heading south west which crossed Lightwood Creek and joined Long Point Rd at the left side of Melway 260 B2, left half 260C1 andsouth east half 260 B1.



THE IN-LAWS' GRANTS IN FINGAL.

HADDOW.
The death of Mr Archibald Haddow, which took place in Melbourne on Sunday last after a long illness, will be very much regretted by his numerous friends in this district. The deceased, who was 85 years of age, was a son of Mr Haddow, of Cape Schanck, and spent most of his life in the Mornington Peninsula. "For some years he was in business as a coach proprietor in this township, and for a term held the Flinders and Bittern mail contract. His good-natured disposition gained him the best wishes of all he came in contact with, and very much sympathy is felt for his widow (a daughter of the late Mrs Slattery, of Flinders) and his two young children. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Wednesday afternoon last, and the funeral was attended by a very large number of local residents. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 6-6-1908, Flinders.)

Archibald was probably A.Haddow who was granted crown allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal on 5-7-1883. Consisting of 147 acres, this land was on the corner of Cape Schanck and Pattersons Rds (Melway 253 D 8-9) fronting those roads and Grasslands Rd. It was across Grasslands Rd from the grants of John and Robert Cairns and across Patterson Rd from James Cairns' grant. Margaret Haddow married Carrier Harry Cairns who "lived on the corner of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds." This would be 9A Fingal (Melway 253B8),granted to architect E.Latrobe Bateman, and directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd from Haddow's c/a 9.Archibald sold the "147" acres to "Rudduck" between the assessments of 1888 and 1889,probably nearer the latter,otherwise the rate collector would have entered the assessment under R rather than H. H.N.Rudduck called it "Thornbank".

There was another Haddow/Cairns connection without the usual formalities and John Haddow found that Mary Cairns was high maintenance if you get my drift. (P. 2,Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)

Cairns and Haddow won many contracts with the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to supply road metal circa 1910.

Two Haddow girls married into the Tuck family.
Elizabeth Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Elizabeth_Tuck_records.ashx?pid=75120109
10 Records Born in Flinders, Victoria, Australia on 19 Jan 1885 to Thomas Tuck and Elizabeth Haddow. Elizabeth married John Pigdon and had 8 children.

Catherine Falvey Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Catherine_Falvey_Tuck_records.ashx?pid...‎
10 Records Born in Flinders on 1876 to John Tuck and Mary Haddow. Catherine Falvey married Cecil John Jennings and had 9 children. She passed away on ...

James Patterson's sister, Christina (known as Win or Winifred), married one of the Haddow men. Her mother was Christina (nee Cairns), thus providing a further link between the Cairns and Haddow families.

Archie Haddow's grant later became H.N.Rudduck's "Thornbank".

RUSSELL.
Firstly, a reminder of the many-layered Russell-Cairns family connection by way of Mrs Christopher Cairns' death notice. CAIRNS-On the 5th July, at East Melbourne,Margaret, dearly loved wife of Christopher Cairns (Boneo), beloved mother of Ethel and Oscar, youngest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Russell (Boneo), sister of Mrs. J. T. Cairns and Mrs. J. Cairns (Boneo), Mrs .D. Cairns (Flinders), Alex. Russell (Sorrento), Arch Russell (Tooradin), and the late Edward and William Russell, aged 50 years. (P.11, Argus, 10-7-1920.) At this stage, Ethel had not become Mrs Crichton.

Edward Russell had obtained a grant west of the Truemans Rd tip site in 1890 and may have lost it to creditors because of the depression that soon followed. However he obtained a grant in Fingal on what seems to be 15-3-1898. It was crown allotment 4, consisting of 79 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Located at Melway 253 J-K6, it was a five minute walk north along Grasslands Rd from land granted to John,Robert and D.Cairns.


PATTERSON.
R.PATTERSON (N.B.STENNIKEN,KENNEDY); 13-8-1885; 13; 244a. 2r. 4p.; south cnr Pattersons and Grasslands Rd, Mel.253 F-H 10-11, east of Maroolaba.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-3-1890 ;21; 197a. 3r. 34p.; south of Maroolaba to the bend in Boneo Rd,Melway 253 pt.C, D-E 12, 259 pt.C, D-E 1, pt.2.
J.PATTERSON; 18-2-1876 ; 22; 157a. 3r. 35p.; south of c/a 21 with Boneo Rd frontage from the first bend to a spot opposite the golf course entry (Jones Drive), roughly 259 C-D 2-3.
J.PATTERSON; 2-5-1901 ; 20 (2); 160a. 1r. 31p.; adjoined the eastern boundary of 22, containing some of the field and game area in 259 F 2-3, with its south east corner that of 259 F3. Surrounding H.N.Rudduck's c/a 23 (west corner of Long Point and Rogers Rd, Melway 259 G-H1-2, 153 bottom half D-E12), it had a 314 metre frontage to Rogers Rd adjoining Ralph Patterson's c/a 13. It was separated from William Patterson's c/a 21 by 20A (left half of 253 F12 and 259 F1.)
MARGARET PATTERSON; ?-12-1902 ; 24; 317a. 2r. 11p.; fronted south side of Long Point Rd ,part of which is now the part of the Long Point circuit heading east to Main Creek, Melway 259 H3 to 260 A3 and 259 G4 to K4.
RALPH PATTERSON; 5-9-1902 ; 27b; 75a. 1r. 36p.; 259 J 6-7 north of Long Point Rd.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-9-1902; 26; 119 acres; 259 K 5(bottom half)-8, north of Long Point Rd and fronting Main Creek.


BOYD.
R.Boyd; 8-7-1885; 19; 216a. 1r. 9p.; east corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds, 259 J-K 1-2 and north of the walking track in 260 A-B2, having a frontage to Lightwood Creek, across which were the grants of Chris and Alex Cairns (18 and 17) and as I just discovered 17A, granted to H.S? and A.D.Cairns, of just over 22 acres. About a mile up Rogers Rd were more Cairns grants. Robert Boyd, a carpenter, had been leasing this land from the Crown by 1879 and Mary Cairns,born in 1859 to the original David Cairns would have married John Boyd at about that time.

STENNIKEN.
Rachel Stenniken married Ralph Patterson and two Cairns girls married Ralph's brother, William, so there was a family connection between the Stenniken and Cairns families.
MARY JANE STENNIKEN; 23-2-1902; 14; 142a. 0r. 9p.; between Rogers Rd and Lightwood Creek, Melway 253 J 11-12, across Rogers Rd from Ralph Patterson's c/a 13, with Robert Boyd to the south and C.Cairns to the south east.

Harry Prince married a Stenniken girl and came into ownership of Stenniken land in Fingal according to the late Ray Cairns, probably c/a 14.

ASSESSMENTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL FOR THE CAIRNS AND RELATED FAMILIES.
1879.(Most land was probably leased from the crown; only transcriptions done today note this fact.)
Robert Boyd, carpenter,216 acres leased from the crown.
Robert and James Cairns, yoemen,199 acres (i.e.Maroolaba.)
Archibald Haddow, farmer,147 acres and buildings leased from the crown.
James Kennedy, 150 acres leased from the crown. (See STENNIKEN above.)
James Patterson,151 acres leased from the crown.(The father.)
William Patterson, 191 acres leased from the crown.(Elder Son.)
Ralph Patterson, 243 acres leased from the crown.(Second son.)
(On 15-7-1852 the Pattersons sailed from Scotland. James was 35, as was his wife who died at the Ballarat, and their children were Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2.)

1919.(All but one are labelled section C, Fingal. Section C was east and north of Boneo Rd.)
Godfrey, David and James Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 110 acres c/a 6.
Mrs Joanna(J.T.) Cairns (Crossed out and replaced with "Wilson Bros"), 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Johanna Cairns, 52 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A. This must be "Alva Hill".
Alex Henry*(crossed out and replaced with Mrs Elizabeth) Cairns, Lyndfield, Lyndhurst,150 ac.c/a 2B.
Walter Cairns, 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Florence Catherine Cairns (Walter's wife, nee Laughton), 168 acres and buildings,part c/a 9a.
Harry Cairns (Carrier Harry), 12 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A, section A.(Should be section C.)
Charles Cairns 106 acres and buildings c/a 10a,part c/a 11.
Robert Cairns,(Fingal,Dromana), 177 acres,part c/a 11,66 acres and buildings, part c/a 12.
David Cairns (ditto),66 acres,part c/a 12.
Henry Cairns (ditto), (Hill Harry)66 acres and buildings,part c/a 12 (i.e. Maroolaba on a third of the grant.)
David and Robert Cairns(ditto), 161 acres c/a 17.
David and Henry Cairns (ditto),150 acres c/a 18.
Edward Cairns,Cape Schanck, 40 acres, c/a 9C.
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell,Sorrento), 80 acres,c/a 4.
Godfrey Ralph Patterson, (Cape Schanck),294 acres, c/a 1, 8 and 245 acres and buildings c/a 13, 20B.
William R. Patterson, (ditto), 198 acres and buildings c/a 21, and 215 acres and buildings c/a 25.
Ralph Patterson, Dromana, 142 acres c/a 14.
(H.N.Rudduck, Dromana, 147 acres and buildings,"Thornbank" c/a 9-Archie Haddow's grant.)
389 AND 390. Mrs Mary Ann Stenniken c/o H.Wilson. (i forgot to record land.)
John C.Symonds, Flinders, 1100 acres, c/a 34-8,part 40, 414 squiggle, whatever that means!
No assessments in Fingal for BUCHER, BOYD,KENNEDY

*As mentioned earlier, Alexander Henry Cairns moved to Wonthaggi but he may have gone to Lyndhurst first to help a relative, perhaps a half brother, and married Lyndhurst Lizzie. See my journal, THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO:LYNDFIELD,LYNDHURST.

CRICHTON.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.

The 1864 rate record shows that John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker and outbuildings, Fingal?? Given that the surname was written as Crighton for many years,and that in 1865, John was leasing an 8 roomed house and 640 acres from Barker, I believe that he was leasing part and then all of the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right, directly across Boneo Rd from Glenlee, for which he obtained the grant on 10-1-1875.

Glenlee, bounded by Browns, Boneo and Limestone Rds and extending west to the Eagle Ridge golf course's east boundary, was directly across Browns Rd from Alexander Cairns' Menstrie Mains and a jaywalk of just over 20 metres from Little Scotland (which was directly across Browns Rd from the Boneo pre-emptive right, where John Crichton had first settled. (The Barkers were more interested in their Cape Schanck run and the second house built there, in the parish of Flinders, became Clondrisse.)

With the two families having been neighbours since about 1860, it was inevitable that there would eventually be a family connection. To add to the neighbourly bond, Alex Crichton farmed Lovie's grants (40AB, 41, 42, 43)
by 1879 and for several decades. This 638 acre property,with frontages to Browns, Truemans and Hiscock Rds, extended east to the end of Henry Wilson Drive and is indicated by Melway 169 D-J 8,9,part 10, and 169 H, part G and J, 10-11. It adjoined one of Edward Williams' grants and Menstrie Mains, Alexander Cairns' grant.

Yet another instance of Cairns/Crichton being neighbours existed by 1879 with Hugh Crichton's 314 acres of bushland (10B and 9B at Melway 254 H 4,containing Splitters Creek, Valleyview Lane and Uplands Drive)being quite close to James Thompson Cairns' grants (Melway 254 E2 and C3.)

PATTERSON.
Most local historians stick to writing about their own turf but there were many instances (H.C.Wells, R.Rowley, Robert Morris,Tommy Loft and the Orr boys, Theodore Napier,Percy Hurren etc) where pioneers were cheeky enough to stray from their designated boundaries.Sarah Wilson disappeared from the Survey as did the Pattersons. The Pattersons suddenly appeared at Fingal circa 1870 and later "left the district" at about the same time as an unknown Patterson family appeared near Wallaces Rd on the east end of the Survey.

Most of the pioneers on Jamieson's Special Survey moved, but not very far. Henry Dunn established Four Winds at Red Hill and was a grantee in the parish of Moorooduc near Dunns Rd,the McLears, Peateys, Clydesdales, Gibsons, Watson Eaton and many other bought land near Dromana, Charles Graves went to Shoreham, George Wilson
at Stony Creek near Shands Rd, Anthony Connell and George Young went just north to Moorooduc and so on.

Using evidence in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO (when the sudden appearances and disappearances are ignored), it is possible to believe that the Pattersons returned to the original place of settlement when they left Fingal. There is still a gap but this might be explained by R.Patterson, grantee of crown allotment 44, parish of Balnarring, on 26-11-1874. This land (Melway 192 E 12 and south east to the coast)is not far from land granted to the Kennedy family.

We'll start with THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James Patterson, a ploughman aged 35, with his wife of the same age and their four children, Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2, left their home somewhere in the vicinity of Duns, in Berwickshire, Scotland, to try their luck in Australia. Duns is a short distance inland and west of the town of Berwick, situated at the mouth of the Tweed River, in South Eastern Scotland. They sailed on 15-7-1852 from Greenock, on the west coast of Scotland, at the mouth of the Clyde River, aboard the 1144 ton ship,the "Lord Warrington" which carried 381 passengers, all bound for Melbourne. The Pattersons were unassisted passengers.

After disembarking in October, the family tried the diggings at Ballarat where Mrs Patterson died and was buried. (In about 1871, the Pattersons came to the Southern Peninsula.) Do you share my feeling that about 20 episodes of the saga are missing? If you were James, wouldn't you look for a female relative to help bring up your children?

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
P.27.A map showing early settlers on the Survey has the Peatey, Paterson and Clydesdale houses on the north bank of Dunns Creek roughly where the freeway crosses the creek near Lakeside Court. If the spelling of Patterson makes you doubt that this could be the Fingal family, Peter Wilson wrote:"On the shipping list Pattersons name is spelt with only one T".
P.45. Bruces of the well known firm of Paterson, Lang and Bruce had a house on the Survey just south of Ellerina Rd. (The Patterson name also appeared in business partnerships with Brownlee and Ray,surnames of early large leaseholds on the survey but there is no proof that the Fingal Pattersons were involved in any of these firms.)
P.47. The Wilson brothers bought land from Patersons, Downwards and Gibsons.
P.67. On 25-11-1888,Wm. Patterson's grey mare (JC) was put in the paddock with (George McLear's) Gay Lad.
P.85. Walter Paterson 1864. Lived at Cape Schanck. At one time a Paterson bought and held land on the Survey. This was on the north-east corner of Nepean Highway and what is now called Wallaces Lane. To old-timers the latter is still Paterson's Lane.
P.133. Among the first pupils on the register (presumably in 1873 when the Dromana Common School became a state school)were James, Isobel and Margaret Patterson.
P.62. Janet Patterson (Mrs Fred Warren.)An artist named Fred Warren a protege of Samuel Rudduck painted a religious text in the Dromana Methodist Church. He married Janet Patterson of Boneo. Mrs Warren conducted a refreshment shop in Dromana's main street during her long widowhood.
P.163. Jimmy Patterson was a member of Dromana Football Club's first premiership team in 1931. The photo on page 132 shows Bill Patterson but no Jim.

The above was intended to fill the void between Ballarat and Fingal,as were the family notices that follow. What I really need is a thorough obituary. I'LL KEEP LOOKING. (V&I.M?)

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
p.26. It was not long after Robert Cairns moved from Little Scotland to a selection of 200 acres (198 acres elsewhere in the book)that the Pattersons came to the southern Peninsula. In 1876,James Patterson alienated (obtained his grant, after selecting and carrying out the required improvements,probably during a five-year lease) 157 acres at Fingal.The Pattersons selected all the land adjoining Robert's property."Braeside" was built on J.Patterson Snr's selection and was later owned by his namesake son. W.Patterson's 200 acre block was beside Robert's and R.Patterson's behind.Later the Pattersons owned a large frontage to the Boneo-Flinders road stretching from Long Point Rd to Main Creek (Melway 259 F5 to K8.)

The Pattersons were good horsemen and gained employment with James Purves at the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, often taking horses to Kirk's Bazaar at Flemington. As they cleared land, they grazed sheep and cattle, grew potatoes and supplied chaff for the cabbies at Sorrento (until they lost the contract with Stringers'.)

James Patterson's elder son, William (1846-1916) married David Cairn's Christina.They had a son, James(b.1871)and then three daughters: Janet (Mrs Warren), Sarah (Mrs Bucher) and Christina, known as Win (Mrs Haddow.) Christina died in 1877, when Win was only 5 weeks old. William remarried in 1880 to Robert Cairns' Margaret. They had one child, William, (1889-1953) who later married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns' and Elizabeth (nee Bucher.)

Jim (born 1871 but 1870-1948 later!)married Mary Ellis,(probably related to Smith Ellis of Flinders.)He extended Braeside using stone and later ran a guest house called Antrimin Sorrento's main street. In 1931, his two sons Alex and Ross established Pattersons Motors (near Rosebud Beach Safeway site-see ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Alexmarried May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, the younger of Rosebud Ted's daughters.Ross and Ivy's sons, Barry and Max, carried on Patterson's Motors(probably on the McCrae Plaza site, judging by Peter's description.)

PATTERSON.-On August 6, at his residence. Nepean Highway, Rosebud, James, dearly beloved husband of Mary Graham, loving father of Alex., Ross, Molly; and Janet, loving grandpa of Barry, Alan, Sandra, Margaret, Max, Katherine, and Michael, brother of Winifred (Mrs. Haddow). Janet (Mrs. Warren, deceased), and Sarah (Mrs. Bucher, deceased), aged 77 years. (P.11, Argus, 8-8-1949.)

James Patterson's second son, Ralph, married Rachel Stenniken and lived in a clay brick house in Pattersons Rd.
They had six children,Jim, Sam, Sarah(Mrs Kennedy), Jessie (Mrs Edwards), Topsy (Mrs Dean), and Godfrey. All of the family moved away from the district, Godfrey being the last to leave. He had four children who attended school at Cape Schanck, then at Boneo.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, 27 Shaftesbury avenue, Malvern, Ralph, relict of the late Rachel Patterson, and dearly loved father of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, de- ceased), James (South Africa), Godfrey (Belgrave), Margaret (Mrs. Edwards), Samuel (Sydney), and Jessie (Mrs Dean), in his 83rd year, late Cape Schanck. A colonist of 78 years.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, Malvern, Ralph, dearly loved grandpa of Ralph Kennedy, Muriel Hedley (nee Kennedy), Arthur Patterson (South Africa), Leslie, Sarah, Jean, Claire Patterson (Belgrave), George and Dorothy Edwards, Ivy, Olive, Rachel, Jack, Marie, and Kenneth Patterson (Sydney), Jessie, Alfred, and Frances Dean, late Cape Schanck.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 6 December 1930 p 13 Family Notices)

EDWARDS-PATTERSON -(Silver Wedding). -On the 21st November, 1904, at St. Mark's Church,Dromana, by the late Rev. Edwin Rodda, Arthur J., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Edwards, Daylesford to Margaret (Dollie), daughter of Mr. Ralph and the late Rachel Patterson, Cape Schanck. (Present address, Verona, 27 Shaftes- bury avenue, Malvern.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 November 1929 p 1 Family Notices)

PATTERSON. �On the 21st July, at Rokeby, David-street, Albury, the wife of James Patterson, of Walla Walla, N.S.W., late Cape Schanck �a daughter (Molly).
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 August 1910 p 11 Family Notices)

PATTERSON,(nee Debney).-On. the 14th December, at Mt. St Evins private hospital. Fitzroy, Jean Muirhead, beloved wife of Councillor G. R. Patterson, of "Pine Grove," Cape Schanck, and fond mother of Leslie Washington, and Sarah Rachel, only daughter of G. W. Debney, Dromana. (Privately interred Melbourne General Cemetery 15/12/16.)The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 December 1916 p 13 Family Notices

Rachel's sister Maria, married Godfrey Burdett Wilson, who led the rapid expansion of H.W.WILSON AND SONS,
BUTCHERS. TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT.

PATTERSON. On the 26th May, 1923, at her residence, McCulloch street, Dromana, Rachel,the beloved wife of Ralph Patterson, loving brother of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, deceased), Jim (South Africa), Godfrey, Margaret (Mrs.Edwards), Sam (Sydney),and Jessie (Mrs. Dean),and loving sister of Annie (Mrs. West), Sarah(Mrs. Kenyon), Maria (Mrs. Wilson), Samuel,Benjamin, Mary, and Elizabeth Stenniken, and Jesse (Mrs. Dalton), aged 73 years. A patient sufferer at rest.

PATTERSON (nee Stenniken). On the 26th May,at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Rachel, the dearly beloved wife of Ralph Patterson of Cape Schanck, loved mother of Sarah (deceased),James, Godfrey, Margaret, Samuel, and Jesse, 73 years 7 months. (P.1, Argus, 30-5-1923.) Rachel was a Stenniken and sister in law to the two Cairns girls who married Ralph's older brother, William. Therefore the Stennikens and Cairns were distantly related.


RUSSELL.
Three of David Cairns' sons married Russell girls.James (1840-1929) married Johanna,David (1842-1923) married Elizabeth, and Christopher (1863-1947) married Margaret. James and Christopher were buried at Rye and "Blacks Camp" David at Flinders. Their children are listed in the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.

Robert Cairns' son,John (1850-1914), married Mary Russell and was buried at Rye.
TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT RE RUSSELL GENEALOGY.

22 comment(s), latest 9 months, 3 weeks ago

PIONEERS OF TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA: THE MCNABS AND GRANTS- pioneering Ayrshire breeders.

The McNabs were among the earliest pioneers of Tullamarine and are still there over 160 years later. At the time of writing (1:30 a.m.), I'm unsure whether anyone is doing a family history but I have a lot of anecdotes and property information, as well as some genealogy, supplied by Keith McNab. The Grant and McNab entries in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND are many pages long but I do not have access to this information at the moment. "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present" (Alexander Sutherland, 1888) has entries about members of both families.

To start, I will quote a passage from "Tullamarine: Before the Jetport".

Section 8 in the parish of Tullamarine was granted to John Grant, John McNab and Duncan McNab on 28-5-1850. SEE ATTACHMENT. They had settled on this land in 1848.The 640 acre block was split into three: John Grant who had leased land at Campbellfield for 11 years and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to the mill on the Pipeworks Market site (Melway 7 J10), called his northern half "Seafield". He also bought a river frontage at the south corner of Barbiston and McNab Rds. John Grant donated the land on which Seafield National School operated from 1859 until the Conders Lane (Link Rd) S.S. 2613 opened in 1884.

Duncan McNab had the middle farm (180 ac.), which he called "Victoria Bank" and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale.In 1880, his sons John and Angus returned, the latter applying the farm name to to the former Ritchie land between Barbiston Rd and "Aucholzie". This was, if I remember correctly 93 acres. It was on the north side of Barbiston Rd as shown on the map. After subdivision of this farm, the corner block, containing the homestead, was called "Rosebank". The owner circa 1890 told me that two McNab descendants (elderly ladies) who lived at "Victoria Bank", a house in North Essendon, had paid her a visit one day.
John McNab called the southern quarter "Oakbank". The first Victoria Bank was absorbed into Oakbank as well as Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12), and another part of the Upper Keilor Estate at 4 B11, which now contains Oakbank Rd. His sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup, and Oakbank at Yendon, on the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The Victoria Bank branch of the McNab family seems to have had land in the Green Gully/Dunhelen area at the boundary of Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future Cairnbrae (north of 177 D1.)

John McNab, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly in-laws. Oakbank John's son, Angus Duncan McNab, married Elizabeth Meikle whom he'd met while mining in Queensland and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith, farmed Oakbank until its compulsory acquisition in about 1960 for the jetport.

Harry Peck (in Memoirs of a Stockman) said that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayrshires in Australia. The McNabs are said to have imported the first cow of this breed (Oakbank Annie) into the country, although the Grants claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab of Victoria Bank in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the suburb was named.)
The McNabs and Grants probably occupied at least one seat on the Keilor Roads Board/ Shire/ City from 1863 until 1973, with William McNab serving as President five times.

An article in one of the Keilor Centenary souvenirs (1963, of the Roads Board, I think)described how John McNab
was chased by aborigines while on his way home. In his architectural thesis on Arundel, K.B.Keeley had a picture of the first Victoria Bank homestead showing the slit windows which allowed rifle fire at hostile aborigines but were too narrow to permit entry for the attackers. Such attacks did happen and Tullamarine, after whom the parish was named, led an attack on John Aitken's "Mt Aitken" west of Sunbury.
The above documents were provided to the enthusiastic Rosemary Davidson at Tullamarine Library but when the Hume Library system was set up, these and other treasures, such as the article from the early 1960's about the CLAN McNAB'S long tenure being ended by the jetport, were removed to the Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows.

THE STUDEBAKER. This poem can be seen in my journal RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE.

TASMANIA.I found an article in trove about the Tasmanian stud book, which stated that Tasmania's Ayrshire herds were chiefly derived from "Oakbank". Entering McNAB, OAKBANK will produce 13 pages of articles (20 per page) about the family and its Ayrshires, including much genealogical detail. An article on the last page gives detail about the sale of Seafield and its history. A GRANT, SEAFIELD search provides similar information about the genealogy of this family and its Ayrshires. On the first page is a letter from John Grant's son headed FIRST AYRSHIRE COW IN VICTORIA which does not even mention the McNabs. Perhaps the rivalry regarding the pioneering of Ayrshires had turned nasty. To resolve which family's claim was correct, I would google Oakbank Annie and Seafield Annie to see which produces a result.

The rivalry, which brings to mind the Batman/ Fawkner claims about founding Melbourne, seems to have affected a closeness evident from the normal entrance from Grants Lane to Oakbank. The tree-lined drive passed through Seafield. According to Keith McNab, the entrance from McNabs Rd, which was the original entrance to what is now the Airport Golf Club, could only be used in dry weather.

The Reddans had a property called Seaview on the north side of Sharps Rd (west of Fisher Grove on the subdivision of "Dalkeith") and I had assumed that the names of both farms had derived from views of the bay. However the naming of John Grant's farm most likely has an aristocratic origin. John was probably letting everyone know that he was related to the Earl of Seafield!


"DALKEITH", TULLAMARINE, VIC.,AUST.

Found this while chasing Bulla/Broady and Mornington connections.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold by private contract, on behalf of Messrs. James Harrick and Son, 200 acres at Tullamarine, being the eastern portion of part of Crown portion 3, to Mr. George Mansfield.
(P.21, Argus,5-3-1910.)

Gordon Connor told me that George had built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910. Spot on!

Section 3 Tullamarine, granted to William Foster and consisting of 640 acres, fronted the north side of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine west of Broadmeadows Rd. The northern boundary,Post Office Lane,is indicated by the north boundary of Trade Park industrial estate. It also fronted the road to Broadmeadows Township (now Mickleham Rd) to the Londrew Court/Freight Rd midline. William inherited and returned home with his younger brother,John adding William's 1280 acres to his own "Leslie Banks" between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river.

In 1847 a road was declared between North Melbourne and Bulla. Land north east of it was leased in portions and soon David William O'Niall had established the Lady of The Lake Hotel just a triangular 1.5 acre block* south of the Derby St corner.(*This still exists,with a Melrose Drive frontage the width of a fence post, and was part of section 6.)Broombank (Millar Rd, Tadstan Drive) and the Junction Hotel and associated land (Northedge and Andlon/Londrew Courts)took up the rest of the triangle.

What is now Trade Park was sold to Methodists such as Charles Nash and Ann Parr and the Methodist Church was built on the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive in 1870. Before that the Wesleyans had bought a one acresite on the bend in Cherie St and established a Wesleyan School in 1855 that operated until 1884 when the Conders Lane school opened on the present Link Rd north corner,also replacing the "Seafield" school.

South of the Catherine Avenue/Janus St Midline,the remaining 400 acres were bought by the Kilburns who called it"Fairfield". David Milburn,Victoria's first irrigator, seemed to be leasing it in 1868 and it was later leased by the Williamsons for many years. James Harrick,whose homestead is now the museum of the Keilor Historical Society later bought the property and split it into two 200 acre farms. The farm west of the Fisher Grove houses became Michael Reddan's "Brightview" (later Doyle's "Ristaro") while the eastern half was Dalkeith. This was owned by George Mansfield, T.and Ernie Baker (who had a bad accident), Tommy Loft* (who subdivided 40 acres for the Dalkeith Ave, Eumarella St and Gordon St housing), Leslie King Dawson and Moorooduc's former postmaster, Percy Hurren, who'd earlier snored during sermons while near Red Cliffs, according to Mrs David Shepherd.
(*Tommy Loft called a meeting to form the progress association in 1924 and in 1929 had Squizzy Taylor's haunt,the Junction Hotel closed, much to the displeasure of the local drinkers.His son,Ray, married Maggie Millar,lived at 3 Eumarella St,leased and then owned "Broombank",hence Millar Rd,and had a son named Gordon,after whom Gordon St was named.)

"GRACEFIELD", DROMANA, VIC., AUST. AND ITS OCCUPIERS.- A WARNING AND SOME MAP CLUES.

The WARNING can be found at the end of the journal.

This journal arose from the one about Melbourne Brindle whose father bought 30 acres of the Gracefield Estate and established "Sunnyside". It was apparent that James McKeown owned the Gracefield homestead while young Melbourne was living there from 1904 till November 1918 as he shows the homestead which is labelled McKewen (sic). The homestead was the same distance from Boundary Rd as the Sunnyside house, both being on the same latitude as the westernmost point of Hillview Quarry Drive (Melway159 J9.) The Sunnyside house would have been near Sayvon Court and the Gracefield Homestead was probably near the CharmaineSt/Dorothea Cres. corner with Gracefield Ave being its driveway; the corner of Gracefield Ave and Sunset Way was probably the northwest corner of the final, much reduced homestead block.Why do I say this?
MAP CLUES.
An unusual double right angle bend in a road such as in Price St (Melway 28 B2) and Henderson Rd (5 G10)is an indication of a remaining homestead or part of a property being sold off before the whole property is subdivided into normal house blocks. Price St bends around the reduced house block of William Hoffman's "Butzbach" by then the Croft family's "Buckley Park". The Hendersons had sold part of their farm to Mr Champion who built the brick post office that had to be demolished when Henderson Rd was made. Another clue is a mainly straight street with a slight dogleg in it. This usually indicates a boundary between two subdivisions, crown allotments or even parishes. One street that indicates a subdivision boundary is Levien St (28 F5.) The streets that cross the Moonee Ponds Creek(see map 29)have a bend to the south east as you approach the creek from the west because the crown allotment boundaries in Doutta Galla (west)and Jika Jika did not quite line up. Streets sometimes have a dog leg just before they meet a main road (that does not run E-W or N-S) but that is just so they meet the main road at 90 degrees. Enough of that; back to Gracefield!

Gracefield, crown allotment 5, section 3, of 249 acres 1 rood and 34 perches (249.4625 acres) was granted to William Grace.It was bounded by Boundary Rd, with 291 Boundary Rd indicating its south east corner, Arthurs Seat Rd and Caldwell Rd. There is no date on the Kangerong parish map to indicate when the grant was issued but it may have been in the late 1850's.He was on the property in the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 1864. He planted a vineyard which was tended by the Counsels.

William also bought land fronting the Esplanade(beach road)and backing onto Palmerston Ave from Arthur St to about Marna St and another (nearly) 38 acres that became the Seacombe Estate adjoining Karadoc. A search of the Nepean Division would be necessary to confirm it, but I suspect that William moved to Rye by 1869. In 1868, he was assessed on 249 acres (Gracefield) and 130 acres (crown allotments 2, 3, 4 and 7, section 1, Kangerong, that is, the land fronting the beach road at Dromana.) By the assessment of 1869,he seems to have sold Gracefield to Henry Young and the beachfront land except the 38 acres near Seacombe St.

William was a grantee on the Beachfront in Rye Township as well.This block is easy to describe as it contains the original section of the Rye Hotel bearing the stone stating "Mrs Hunt, 1927 etc". His daughter,Ellen,married Patrick, son of Dennis Sullivan,who built the Gracefield Hotel on William's grant.In 1927, Mrs Hunt replaced the 80 year old Gracefield and renamed it the Rye Hotel.

It is possible that the Sullivans met the Grace family through Catherine Sullivan who was granted 15AB Wannaeue of 152 acres (Melway 171 B-C 10-11) on 31-10-1858 and probably used Bryan's Cutting (along the eastern boundary of Gracefield), via 171 H1, to have a drink at Watkin's hotel or do her shopping at Holden's nearby store in Dromana. It is due to Melbourne Brindle that I now know where Bryan's Cutting was.

Colin McLear referred to Bryan's Cutting in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. John Bryan was thought to actually be Bryan Watson, a deserter from the British army. He moved into Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow" on the Survey when she established Maryfield and later moved to the top of the town common where he was engaged in timber-getting. The cutting, very steep and mainly used by bullock teams, according to Sheila Skidmore in her THE RED HILL, was the closest to the summit of Arthurs Seat. As my Kangerong parish map has the wedge-shaped area adjoining Gracefield on the east (that is now part of Arthurs Seat Park along with the middle third of Gracefield)labelled Gravel Reserve, I was unaware that it was originally the town common.

On page 37 of THE RED HILL, Sheila (who thought it was Brien's Cutting) discussed the three cuttings, William Henry Blakely's Crestmobile and James Holmes' accident in 1913, when Melbourne Brindle would have been about nine years old. The chain came off Holmes' motor buggy, and the brakes failed to prevent the car rolling back over a steep bank and overturning.I thought it obvious that this accident had happened on Eaton's Cutting Rd (Melway 160 E9 to 190 E3, a delightful walk)where Thiele was killed, until I saw Melbourne's map.

On the map, Hillview Quarry Drive (Melway 159 J9) is labelled TO ARTHURSSEAT-BRYANS OLD PLACE. Heading straight uphill from the bend, alongside Grace field's eastern boundary are double dotted lines labelled PATH TO ARTHURS SEAT & TOWER PAST BRYANS. That the land adjoining Gracefield on the east was the town common is proved by Arthur Brindle's application in late 1904 to clear 25 chains on his eastern boundary.

FLINDERS&KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL.. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29. Present :-Crs Clark (President), Marsden, Nowlan, Cain, Oswin, Buckley, Shand, Davies, and Shaw. CORRESPONDENCE.(14TH LETTER)From Arthur L. Brindle, Melbourne, requesting permission to clear half a chain along the reserve side of his block, part of the Gracefield Estate, for a distance of 25 chains. - Permission granted.(P6, Mornington Standard, 5-11-1904.)

On Melbourne's map he has an arrow pointing to Hillview Quarry Drive, as it is now known, in other words, Bryan's Cutting,with the text HOLMES' MOTOR BUGGY USED TO CHUG UP HERE.

THE WARNING!(Rather, the warnings!)
A. Don't take anything in rate books as gospel, especially when it involves the Southern Peninsula. The first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869 stated that almost every ratepayer owned his land and later assessments revealed that many of them were leasing it from the Crown.As in the case of Joseph Simpson of Red Hill, many new residents were overlooked and had to be added in an amendment after councillors had already signed the record. As you will see below, James McKeown was still paying rates on the whole of Gracefield despite the fact that the Brindles had been occupying 30 acres of it for some years.
B. This arises from my trip today (29-1-2013) to deliver the Milleara Railway Station Estate plan to Bob Chalmers. While in the big smoke, I decided to get a Kangerong parish map from the P.R.O.V. for the Dromana Historical Society. It seemed the same as mine but as I was about to write that the date of the issue of the grant for Gracefield was not on the parish map, just on spec, I looked at the map I obtained today. This one did have the date of issue. The second warning is this. There are many versions of parish maps and the one you see may not be the original one. There are maps of the Tullamarine, Doutta Galla and Bulla Bulla parish maps dating from the boom times of the late 1880's which record the names of speculators such as Herman in Tullamarine, and later occupiers of crown allotments such as Gillespie in Doutta Galla.If your ancestor's name appears on a parish map, do not take it for granted that he was a grantee!

OCCUPANCY OF GRACEFIELD.
There is no indication of when William Grace was granted crown allotment 5, section 3 Kangerong on my Kangerong parish map. However as intimated above, the date of issue appears on a reasonably similar map that I obtained today. The date of issue was 9-3-1857. William Grace was assessed on 249 acres and 130 acres of building land from 1864 (the first Kangerong Road Board assessment.) The building land (actually 131 acres 2 roods 6 perches ) was between Arthur St and Marnia St consisting of crown allotments 2-4 section 1 Kangerong,and crown allotment 7 near Seacombe St. These details were unchanged in 1868 but in 1869, William was assessed only on 38 acres. Thus began a search of the whole riding to determine the new occupant of Gracefield.

It was Henry Young who had 249 acres; William Heywood's 250 acres having also been occupied by him in 1868 and Abraham Griffith's 250 acres almost certainly being on the Survey, being a slight increase on the 210 acres of 1868. Whether Henry had bought, or was leasing, from William Grace, he was there also in 1870. In 1871, Gracefield was advertised for sale and seems not to have been assessed.
(My apologies for repeating some information. Submitting edits has been like Russian roulette with so many hours of text lost that I had to check if I had pasted the 1871 advertisement.)

FOR PRIVATE SALE,

VALUABLE FREEHOLD FARM,

GRACEFIELD, DROMANA.
To Capitalists, Vignerons, Agriculturists, and Others. GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. havo received instruction from Mr. R. Kerr, as agent for the proprietor, to OFFER for PRIVATE SALE, at thelr rooms, 49 Collins street west,
All that valuable farm, Gracefield, Dromana,comprising 250 acres of superior land, on the north slope of Arthur's Seat Hill, well fenced, grassed, and abundantly watered, with six- roomod brick house, slate roof,outbuildings, &c, with two roomod cottage, large cellar, &c. Seven acres planted with 1000 trees of the best descriptions of fruit ; eight to nine acres of the choicest vines in full bearing.etc.
(P.2, Argus, 25-2-1871.) A similar advertisement appeared on page 1 of The Age on 4-4-1871, the only real difference being that the printer had forgotten a zero, shrinking Gracefield to 25 acres.

In 1872, Richard Counsel was assessed on 250 acres and a 5 roomed house. His assessment in the previous year had been on 121 acres, almost certainly crown allotment 21A, Kangerong of 121 acres 1 rood and 27 perches, granted to C.Counsel on 27-6-1876, and fronting the north side of McIlroys Rd (No. 146) and including Melway 161 D10. Colin McLear stated that several members of the Counsel family tended the grapevines that William Grace had planted and as the 1872 acreage is right, it can safely be assumed that the Counsels were on Gracefield. (The sixth room in the above advertisement was possibly a kitchen that was detached, so probable fires would not engulf the rest of the house, and not considered in the evaluation.)

In 1884 James McKeown was assessed on 215 acres,Balnarring (i.e. 73 A and B, later known as Glenbower,the name of McKeown's house, and Wildwood.) In 1885, he was assessed on 250 acres, Kangerong (Gracefield)having sold his Balnarring land to the Sheehan family. On 21-9-1903 and 1-9-1904 James McKeown was still assessed on the whole 250 acres of Gracefield and there would be no reason to expect anything else.

(PASTED FROM THE MELBOURNE BRINDLE JOURNAL.)
FLINDERS&KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL.. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29. Present :-Crs Clark (President), Marsden, Nowlan, Cain, Oswin, Buck ley, Shand, Davies, and Shaw. CORRESPONDENCE.(14TH LETTER)From Arthur L. Brindle, Melbourne, requesting permission to clear half a chain along the reserve side of his block, part of the Gracefield Estate, for a distance of 25 chains. - Permission granted.(P6, Mornington Standard, 5-11-1904.)

Dromana, with its unsurpassed beach and beautiful fern gullies, is becoming more popular every year as a healthful holiday resort for visitors, a number of city doctors have spent their holidays here this season, and they commend it as being one of the healthiest watering places along the bay. A good inquiry has set in for township allotments, and some prominent city gentlemen have secured blocks. Brindle Bros., decorators, have purchased some of the Gracefield estate, and have commenced to build a residence.
(P.5, Mornington Standard, 18-2-1905.)

One would expect the acreage on which James McKeown was assessed to drop by 30 acres (the Brindles' "Sunnyside") by the 1905 assessment, but no, it was not until 1910 that any adjustment was made.Part of the problem was that the Brindle land was called "allotment and building, Dromana". If it had been described properly (as Cr Terry demanded)a need to reduce the "Gracefield" acreage would have been more evident.

In 1910 James McKeown was to be again assessed on 250 acres but 250 has been crossed out and changed to 22 acres, part 5 section 3. In the 1915 assessment still had the 22 acres and buildings and another 10 acres in crown allotment 5 section 3.

McKEOWN.-On the 10th March, at Gracefield, Dromana, James McKeown, aged 89 years.(P.11, Argus, 13-3-1920.)
James must have been in a bad way at the time of the 1919 assessment because Mrs Catherine Townsend McKeown was assessed on the 32 acres on c/a 5 section 3. The rate collector must have assumed that James had already died or he would have written Catherine's name as Mrs James McKeown; a female ratepayer's name was not recorded with her own given names unless she was a spinster or a widow.

WHO HAD THE REST OF GRACEFIELD FROM 1910?
By 1910 it can be assumed that Arthur Brindle had the whole 30 acres of "Sunnyside" because the observant 6+ year old Melbourne would surely have mentioned it if his father had added another 10 acres or so afterwards. James McKeown had 22 acres (or perhaps 32 if he also had the 10 acre block assessed in 1915.) Therefore we are looking for a ratepayer assessed on an unspecified 200 or 190 acres in Kangerong. George Robert Dyson had 203 acres Kangerong and Henry George Chapman, Dromana's blacksmith had 204 acres and buildings, Kangerong.

In 1919, Henry George Chapman had almost 24 of the 35 acre c/a 4, section 1, Kangerong between Pier St and roughly Marna St. He was also assessed on 101 acres, part 27A, Kangerong. C/A 27A consisted only of 51 acres and 24 perches so what the rate collector should have written is: 101 acres 27A and 27B,the latter being exactly 50 acres. crown allotments 27A and 27B, at the north east corner of Harrisons and Dunns Creek Rds, had been granted to George Peatey, but he found it too wet for farming so he and wife, Susan, moved to a 2 acre block at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St in Rosebud in 1888. (PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS, Rosalind Peatey.) It is likely the blacksmith's land in 1910 included these 125 acres and that he did not occupy the bulk of Gracefield at that time.

This leaves George Robert Dyson as the only possible occupant of the bulk of Gracefield in 1910. The 1919 ratebook entry seemed to show that he had 303 acres in crown allotment 3 section 3 (at least that's what I wrote in my transcription.) The handwriting was so terrible that I sometimes took five minutes before I could hazard a guess about what a letter or numeral was, so the actual translation could be 203acres, c/a 5 section 3. Incidentally,the Brindles left in November 1918 and I could find no mention of Sunnyside (30 acres, crown allotment 5, section 3 or its new occupant.

Is there any evidence to indicate that George Robert Dyson could have been on Gracefield in 1919, and by extension 1910? "Charlie Dyson's son, George, planted two orchards flanking the upper reaches of Pier St. In the 1930's many of the apple trees were still there but the land has been subdivided and formed the Panoramic Estate...." (Colin McLear, P.84.) The Panoramic Estate, with street names indicating views of Macedon, the You Yangs etc is on the east side of Jetty Rd, being c/a 12, section 1 of 62 acres on which George Robert Dyson was also assessed in 1919.According to Melbourne Brindle's map and Colin, George Dyson's house was on the west corner of Jetty Rd(a road that probably did not exist or was a continuation of Pier St in name as well as actuality, hence Colin's "upper reaches of Pier St".)It appears that Jetty Rd was called Pier St.

DYSON.-On July 27, at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, George Robert Dyson, ofPier street, Dromana, dearly loved husband of the late Mary Dyson, loving father of Bob, dearly loved grandfather of Mary (Mrs Jenkins), aged 79 years.(P.2, Argus,28-7-1944.)

George Dyson was connected to James McKeown as a result of Bill Dyson marrying Edie McKeown. Bill, known as "Squeaker", was a son of George's brother, Jack,if I interpret page 84 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA correctly.

THE WARNING .
Armed with shire of Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows rates and Maribrynong, Doutta Galla, Jika Jika, Tullamarine, Bulla Bulla and Yuroke parish maps,(all of which I thought I had put into safe hands when I moved to Rosebud), I was able to specify exactly the boundaries of farms in a triangle bounded by North Braybrook Township (south part of Avondale Heights), Goonawarra near Sunbury and Roxburgh Park.

As in the case of the Flinders Road Board from 1869 to 1874, these shires listed ratepayers geographically so as I scrolled through their names, I could trace the rate collector's "mental" location on the parish map. Even if the location of farms was not specified (crown allotments), I knew exactly where they were. If someone sold or leased the farm, the new occupant would be listed between the same neighbours as the old one had. If a crown grant was leased in parts, it was not difficult for the rate collector to check acreages of parts to ensure that they added up to that given on the parish map.

Peter Nowlan was the first secretary of The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong in 1875. Living in the Flinders Road District he may have had a hand in deciding that its ratepayers would be listed geographically in 1869. The Kangerong Road Board was the senior partner in the merger to form the shire in 1874. The first undated (possibly 1963) page of (parish of) Kangerong Division which survived to be recorded on microfiche starts with: Mathews. McLear, McCrea Doctor, Marshall, Moat, McLear, Mitchell etc. This was obviously an attemptto use alphabetical order (and spell correctly!)

Matthews should be after Mc and the two McLear entries should follow each other, so you can see that the idea of alphabetical listings was causing problems, even with a very small number of ratepayers. Not one property was specified so that its location could be determined, the closest approach being the use of Dromana, Red Hill or Survey.If you were recording all the people at a meeting, how would you like to do it alphabetically?
Alphabetical listing is great if you are researching a particular family from year to year or if a rate collector had to check a ratepayer's claim that he had already paid his rates. But it imposed an enormous extra workload! Once subdivisions such as Warrawee started, the number of ratepayers exploded and to have assessments ready on time, the previous year's record was laboriously copied (including errors which often persisted for years)with any changes shown by crossing out the old name and replacing it with that of the new
ratepayer.

I believe a strong-willed councillor from the Kangerong Road Board area (Kangerong, Fingal, Wannaeue and Nepean parishes), someone like John Cain, persuaded the first shire council to adopt alphabetical listing. The workload that resulted is probably the reason that rate collectors did not have time to worry about the exact location of the properties or to record changes in property size.

The case of the assessments of Arthur Brindle and James McKeown illustrate the lack of information about property location and size. Surely if Brindle's property had been described as house and 30 acres, "Sunnyside", part crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerongin 1905, and McKeown's had previously been 2 houses and 250 acres, "Gracefield", crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerong , the penny would have dropped prompting the rate collector to ask James McKeown what was going on. It would also be nice to have documentary proof that George Dyson had the other 188 acres of Gracefield!

The warning is "Don't believe everything you see in ratebooks." Was the early 1905 par about the Brindle Brothers buying part of the Gracefield Estate wrong? Was Melbourne Brindle's map showing "Sunnyside" east of the McKeown house on crown allotment 5, section 3, Kangerong wrong? You'd think so if you believed the rate collector!

.FAMILY TREE CIRCLES WORKS! TOOLAROO'S BOOK, "PENINSULA PIONEERS".

Today,I received a present from Toolaroo, a family tree circles member. Not only couldn't I put it down, it is extremely accurate. The only item that I would query is the spelling of the surname of Sarah Prosser who is quoted on page 22. It is possible that she was descended from Henry Prosser, a Frankston Fish Company director and Frankston and Hastings Shire councillor (whose daughter, Sarah, married Isaac Sawyer and, after his death, Amis Renouf) but she was more likely to be a descendant of Henry Prossor, who was in the parish of Fingal before moving to the Red Hill Village Settlement whose through road is called Prossors Lane.

The book is called PENINSULA PIONEERS which could be misleading as to the number of pioneering families discussed; the families discussed are in my surname list. Those marked with a star are just mentioned in articles and I will provide some information about them below.

LAKE/LEAK. That the two acre block (lot 86 of crown allotment 18, Wannaeue)had been already sold was pointed out in a loan document of 1879 detailing a loan from Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud to William Edwards, a publican who established the Tanti Hotel in the 1850's; see my Tanti Hotel journal. Fisherman, Jack Jones of Rosebud, later had a store on this(the FJ's) corner. I was not aware that the Leak/Lake brothers had actually purchased crown allotment 18 from Blooming Bob White, but Frederick and William Leak were assessed on 150acres on 29-7-1889. For once the rate collector got it right! After the sale flopped because of the dispute over lot 86, Robert White was again assessed on 19-7-1890 and 18-7-1891.

The loan document stated that the block had been sold off by this chappie.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 February 1874 p 3 Advertising
... on .Saturday, February 21, at thrco o'clock. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26. BROADFORD. Wannaeue, County of Mornington. SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION Of 152a. 2r. 16p., Parish of Wannaeue, County of Mornington. And By Order of tho Executors of CHARLES BLAKEY, Deceased. For Positive and Absolute Sale. Without the ... 9204 words


Frederick and William Leak were later (about 1910 I think)in dispute with William Jamieson, a pioneer of the Rosebud Fishing Village, over what was probably part of that two acre block,but unfortunately due to shocking digitisation, I haven't been able to re-find the article. If I do stumble across it,it will be included in my EARLY ROSEBUD journal under crown allotment 18.


COLLINS and COLLINGS. Maiden names in the Robert White genealogy way back, in Scotland.
AULT. A Dromana carpenter who later bought 140 acres south of William Henry Blakely's 140 acres (which has the Red Hill Consolidated School in its north west corner) and west of James McKeown's grants. Henry Ault painted the original Red Hill School at the north end of Arkwells Lane in 1875 for seven pounds fifteen shillings.
(P.28 THE RED HILL.)
HILL. James McKeown, Red Hill Pioneer who moved to Gracefield in Dromana circa 1885, married Catherine Townsend Hill of Warrnambool.
CLEINE. Son in law of the McIlroys. See THE RED HILL.
HOPCRAFT. William and John Hopcraft were granted land either side of Mornington-Flinders Rd near the north end of Tucks Rd and were near the Hillis and Davey grants and Henry Ault's 140 acres.
KEMP. Red Hill pioneer who was granted land in the parish of Kangerong on the east corner of McIlroys and Bowrings Rds between Blooming Bob White's 27 acres and the McIlroys and Forest Lodge to the east.
SIMPSON. See Joseph Simpson in my pioneer pathway JOURNAL. McIlroy in law.
HUNTLEY. South of Little Bridge Farm and east of another McIlroy grant farmed by Charles Cleine. Joseph McIlroy leased the Huntley's Hillside Orchard for five years. Sir Thomas Bent married one of John Huntley Senior's daughters and Cr John Shand married John Huntley Jnr's widow, Mary (nee Hope.)
BENNETT. Farmed Seven Oaks and Kent Orchard south of Craig Avon Lane. William Rd near the ArthursSeat summit is named after A.E.Bennett's son and executor,William.
ANDERSON. Yetta Ward Anderson supplied an anecdote about William and Joseph McIlroy and their strawberries. (P.22.)
PROSSER. See above.
CAIRNS. See my numerous journals about this family. Maiden name in the Robert White genealogy. A Robert White was leasing a hut from the Cairns brothers at Boneo in 1864. Both families came from Clackmannan near Menstrie; Robert White senior died at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud and Alex Cairns called his grant "Menstrie Mains".
PATERSON.RUSSELL.Both of these are maiden names in the Robert White genealogy.Perhaps the Cairns, Patterson and Russell families of Wannaeue and Fingal, with so many marital connections,were neighbours near Clackmannan before they set off to Australia. See LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL OWNED BY THE CAIRNS AND THEIR IN-LAWS and the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journals.

DAVEY. James Davey was descended from the pioneering Davey family of Frankston. The Davey pre-emptive right in the parish of Frankston was on the beach side of Old Mornington Rd from the Sweetwater Creek Crossing (Dory's Gully)to Canadian Bay Rd. The Davey homestead "Marysville" was demolished when "Marathon" was built if my memory serves me correctly. James Davey was granted land in Kangerong (Forest Lodge), 14A Balnarring (the Shand/Huntley "Kentucky" and "Rosslyn", houses now 214 and 212 Bittern-Dromana Rd)and land east of White's Rd farmed by Bullocky Bob White (born Robert James), his wife Hannah (nee Roberts) and their descendants.

BULLOCKY BOB WHITE was Blooming Bob White's nephew and the detail about his name change is in my journal about HILL HILLIS AND THE TWO BOB WHITES but not in the book.

Toolaroo's book has fantastic maps showing all the land grants superimposed on present day maps. Who's heard of slavery in Scotland and farms smaller than a house block in Ireland. By the time I'd read about these things, I fully understood why our pioneers would want to leave their homeland and familiesforever. Cairns descendants would love this book because of the maps and articles about the Menstrie area. Even the information about the Kew Lunatic Asylum was of great interest.

I don't know whether toolaroo had enough copies printed to have some available for purchase, but it is a terrific book which fills a void in the knowledge of the history of the Red Hill/Rosebud area. The Mornington Peninsula library and the Dromana Historical Society must obtain copies. Send a private message to toolaroo if you wish to obtain a copy.


WHITE, McKEOWN, HILLIS, LAKE/LEAK*, McILROY, COLLINS*, COLLINGS*, AULT*, HILL*,CLEINE*, HOPCRAFT*, KEMP*,SIMPSON*,HUNTLEY*, BENNETT**, ANDERSON*, PROSSER/PROSSOR, SHARP*, CAIRNS*, PATERSON*, RUSSELL*, LYNCH,

1888 geography with the Melbourne Hunt: WEST ESSENDON, NIDDRIE, TULLAMARINE, STRATHMORE, VIC., AUST.

MY APOLOGIES FOR MANY VAGUE STATEMENTS IN THE FOLLOWING. FOR EXAMPLE,"GEORGE MANSFIELD BOUGHT DALKEITH IN ABOUT 1910. BECAUSE I CANNOT ACCESS ANY OF MY COMPUTER FILES (WHICH WOULD CONTAIN TITLE INFORMATION SUCH AS THE EXACT DATE) THIS JOURNAL IS WRITTEN ENTIRELY FROM MEMORY. WITHOUT THIS MEMORY, TROVE INFORMATION WOULD NEVER HAVE BEEN FOUND, FARM NAMES PROVIDED BY SUCH AS GORDON CONNOR, KEITH MCNAB, COLIN WILLIAMS, HARRY HEAPS, SID LLOYD, BOB BLACKWELL, EILEEN REDDAN, OLIVE NASH, WINNIE LEWIS (NEE PARR) ETC., BEING A KEY INGREDIENT IN THE SEARCH. LUCKILY I HAD "TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT" ON PAPER AND SOME TITLES INFORMATION WAS TRANSPOSED ONTO MY 1999 MELWAY.

@@ 1888 @@
Later this year the Oaklands Hunt was formed and showed more respect for farmers than the Melbourne Hunt which had tended to trample crops and scare ewes so badly that they stopped lambing,such as at Edmund E.Dunn's "Viewpoint". I hope "Dunn v Waldock" a couple of decades earlier had improved the Melbourne mob's attitude.

THE MELBOURNE HUNT
The Melbourne- Hounds met at Essendon last Saturday and one of the best runs ever enjoyed by the members of the hunt ensued.There was a large gathering-quite 100 horsemen at starting-and a line of country was chosen that could not be surpassed. The throw off was at Tweedside, about half a mile from the railway station, and the course taken was over Mar Lodge Estate, through Budesbach into the late Mr James Wilson's property, across the Keilor road into Niddrie, along the back of Spring park through Sharpe's, Crotty's and Williamson's into Allandale, up by Tullamarine, over the Bulla road into Mr Dewar's property, in an easterly direction across the Broadmeadows- road into Mr Dunn's property, along through Messrs Lonie's, Hall's, Kernan's and Peck's
up to Mr Napier's, into Woodlands street, Essendon, where the hounds were stopped after a run of 14 miles, that would have delighted the heart of any true sportsman. (P.9, Argus,11-6-1888.)

TWEEDSIDE. (top half of Melway 28 E4.)
The land between the McCracken St houses and Lincoln Rd had been granted to James Watson, who was responsible for the names of Flemington, Keilor, Watsonia and Rosanna. The grant was subdivided into fairly large parcels, intended for farming, quite early. Tulip Wright,native of Lincolnshire,early top cop in Melbourne and Bulla pioneer built the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel on the site of Watson's woolshed.

Thomas Smith seems to have owned Tweedside in 1876 and Joseph Snowball was the occupant in 1886 when some of his cattle were stolen. Michael Willis Ferguson,who opposed butcher,Andrew Swan in Essendon ward in 1887 and whose child was born at Tweedside in 1888 was almost certainly the owner of Tweedside at the time of the hunt; Ferguson later became insolvent.
FERGUSON. On the 29th? ult., at Tweedside, Essendon, Mrs. M. W. Ferguson of a daughter. (P.1, Argus, 1-9-1888.)


MAR LODGE.
This stretched from Mr Alexander road (Keilor Rd) to Braybrook road (Buckley St), including McCracken St houses and extending east to the Roberts/Hedderwick St midline, where it adjoined Butzbach.
It was granted to James Robertson of Upper Keilor. On his death,ownership passed to his bachelor son, parliamentarian, Francis, who died at Mar Lodge. Then the McCracken brothers owned it,leasing it to others and establishing a golf course there. A week or so after the hunt they sold Mar Lodge to speculator and Prahran councillor, G.W.Taylor,who had purchased huge tracts of land but was soon insolvent.

North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Saturday 30 June 1888 p 2 Article. Mr. G. W. Taylor has purchased 'Mar Lodge,' Essendon, from Messrs McCracken and Co.

BUTZBACH.
Granted to William Hoffman and stretching east from Hoffmans Rd halfway to Lincoln Rd, this also had frontages to Keilor Rd and Buckley St with an extremely long driveway leading to the homestead from the latter. Alexander Earle McCracken, brother of Robert and Peter, was probably its first occupant and erected its first buildings. He chaired a meeting in 1856 but must have returned to Scotland soon after.
WEST BOURKE-On Wednesday evening the electors of West Bourke met at the Essendon Hotel, to receive Mr. Wilkie, one of the candidates to represent the district. Mr. A.E. McCracken in the chair.
(P.5, Argus, 15-8-1856.)


By 1867,Hoffman was living at Butzbach. Thomas Smith has been mentioned as an early resident at Tweedside.
SMITH-HOFFMAN.-On the 7th inst., at Butzbach, Essendon, by the Rev. J. S. Boyd, Thomas Smith, Esq., to Louisa Ann, only daughter of Wm. Hoffman, Esq. (P.4, Argus, 12-3-1867.)
By 1887,Hoffman had died and his widow was living in Ascot Vale when she passed away,having left Butzbach a few years earlier.
FRIDAY, APRIL 27 Preliminary Notice Of the Very Important Sale of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Buggy, Phaeton, Farming Implements Horse, Two Milch Cows, Verandah Chalis?, Dairy Utensils, Stack of tindish? Grass Hay, etc.
By Order of Mrs Hoffman, Butzbach, ESSENDON, in Consequence of Her Removal from the District.
(P.2, Argus, 16-4-1883.)

HOFFMANN.On the 28th ult., at May-villa, Moonee street, Ascotvale, Elizabeth, widow of the late
William Hoffmann, Butzbach, Essendon. (P.1,Argus, 1-3-1887.)


It is likely that the Croft family had bought the house block prior to the clearing sale in 1883. The farm was being subdivided for housing. The Butzback house block was near Croft St and the dogleg in Price St. The Croft family almost certainly witnessed the hunt.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 3 November 1886 p 1 Family Notices
CROFT - On the 19th ult, at Butzbach, Essendon, the wife of T. J. Croft of a son.


JAMES WILSON (SPRINGBANK.)
J.P.Main was granted crown allotment 12, bounded by Buckley St, a line heading magnetic north from the Rachelle Rd corner,an eastern extension of Clarks Rd,and Hoffmans Rd. Full details of its subdivision are in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA, a copy of which has been provided to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society. It is possible that Main was an early squatter like the Fosters near Tullamarine (lease for "Leslie Park" in 1840); none of their grants are labelled as pre-emptive rights. The road to Mt Macedon (Mt Alexander Rd) crossed the Moonee Moonee Ponds near the present Flemington Bridge Station and the original bridge was built by a member of the Main family.

James Wilson purchased Springbank on 9-8-1855. It was bounded by Steele Creek,the eastern extension of the line of Clarks Rd, Hoffmans Rd and extended south to the end of Albert St, south of Ida St. James was destined not to witness this hunt because he died in 1887 about four months after his second son died at only 26 years of age.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 4 April 1887 p 1 Family Notices
... On the 2nd inst., at his father's residence, Springbank, Essendon, Edward James, dearly beloved second son of James Wilson, aged 26 years.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 19 July 1889 p 1 Family Notices
WILSON. -In sad and loving remembrance of our dear father, James Wilson, who departed this life 19th July, 1887, at Springbank, Essendon.

TUESDAY, MAY 29.
Under Instructions from Messrs. George Robinson and Charles Joseph Taylor, Executors in the Estate of the Late Mr. James Wilson, of Essendon, Deceased.
The whole of the Freehold Property Comprised in the Well-known and Beautiful Block of Land Known as
SPRINGBANK, DOUTTA GALLA. Immediately Adjoining the Property of the Late Wm. Hoffman, Esq., which is situated in Buckley-street West, Essendon. AREA, 178 a. 3r. 39p.,etc. (P.2, Argus,24-5-1888.)



James Anderson was the son of William Anderson,a very early pioneer of Keilor. He may have been already on Springbank* when the hunt rode through the property. He farmed it well into the 1900's by which time the area was known as Buckley Park. He later retired to Braeside, a smaller farm north of Church St at Keilor. His son, Don had an Apricot orchard on Horseshoe Bend which was quite a landmark for many years. Don's house is now the Horseshoe Bend park office. Don's son Peter lived in Church St and provided much historical information to me.

SHIRE OF KEILOR. DOUTTA GALLA RIDING. ANNUAL ELECTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 12 August 1895 p 2 Article
Mr James Anderson, of Spring-bank Farm. A POLL will therefore be


By 1900, Steele Creek seemed to have been known as Anderson's Creek.
(MELBOURNE HOUNDS. By SURCINGLE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 3 September 1900 p 7 Article)

Mr. James Anderson, of Braeside, Keilor, will celebrate his 94th birthday to-day. He is a well-known identity in Keilor, and is a regular attendant at the Newmarket sales of dairy cattle on Fridays. He was born in Fifeshlre, Scotland, in 1847, and arrived in Australia with his parents in 1854.
(P.4, Argus,26-3-1941.)


*There's only so much folklore that can be passed on by word of mouth without some being forgotten. Peter Anderson did not tell me about "Shelton". I found this when looking for details of William Anderson's death near Keilor bridge.
ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence,
Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years.
(P.1, Argus, 12-9-1892.)


My wife worked at Michael Hurst's Ardmillan House reception Centre, and knowing about Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion, my curiosity led to the writing of a history about Ardmillan Rd. John Beale had a house called Shelton and Catherine Anderson lived in a house on the south side at the bottom of the hill that later became the second private school in the street run by Miss Morris. Dorothy Fullarton,ex-Mayor of Essendon,and a neighbour told me of inkwells found near the filled-in well, confirming my suspicion that the property, now containing two dwellings, had become the school.

The land west of Main's Estate, between Rachelle Rd and North Pole road (Milleara Rd)was granted to John Pascoe Fawkner and the small blocks went to his co-op. members. As in all of Fawkner's co-op.purchases these blocks were consolidated into larger farms. Dr (Crook?)had a sanatorium*, John Duhey had many blocks, Sandy Smith of Norwood (established by Isaac Davis across Buckley St) and later Coilsfield (Essendon Hospital site) bought a couple of blocks, but most of 11B, Doutta Galla became John Beale's "Shelton Farm",which probably absorbed the sanatorium but not John Duhey's land. My Melway shows that Shelton occupied all of 11B Doutta Galla, whose northern boundary was Clarks Rd, apart from the area between Milleara Rd and Quinn Grove (Search 7607.) John Duhey owned the area including all house blocks in The Crossway, Mues St and Chandler St (seemingly Volume 2 folio 307 which would indicate an early 1850's purchase.)

(* I first read about the sanatorium in one of Keilor's 3 centenary souvenirs, most likely the 1960 one. I have written elsewhere in this journal how the areas near Keilor Rd andTullamarine were both known as "Springs" and the predictable confusion was solved by calling the former "Springfield". )

BROMPTON LODGE, Springfield -SANATORIUM for the CURE of CONSUMPTION, Rheumatism, Gout, and Dipsomania. Home for Delicate and Convalescent Patients; visiting Medical Officers- W.Crooke, M R C S Eng. , T Hewlett, M H C S
England, Resident Physician-S. Hunt, MD,M R C S England.
The object of this Institution is to demonstrate that a very large proportion of cases of the diseases above
named, diseases which defy ordinary medical treatment, can be cured when that treatment is supplemented by an approved course of dietetic and physical management administered under favourable hygienic influences.Terms moderate, and governed by the requirements of the patients. Apply by letter to W. CROOKE, surgeon Brunswick street, Fitzroy, or personally at his consulting rooms, 10 to 12 a.m. and 6 to 8 p.m.
(P.8, Argus, 17-10-1867.)

Tho half-yearly meeting of the members of the Victorian Permanent Property Investment and Building Society was held last night...advances which had been made to Mr. Crooke on his property known as the Sanatorium. From the replies of the president and secretary, it appeared that 4,000 had been advanced, and that Mr. Crooke had made repayments at the rate of 42 per fortnight for four or five months, in all about 400. The society had sold a portion of the property for 1,350, and....Though he could not tell what loss might accrue, he believed it would amount to nothing, and he might say that a person was now in treaty for the purchase of the property.
(P.4, Argus, 23-3-1871.)


The Melbourne Hunt crossed Shelton in 1893 passing over Milleara Rd into Dodd's (Pavilion Estate with cricket street names) and Delahey's (Brimbank Park south of the entrance.)The throw off at Moonee Ponds was probably at THOMAS MILLAR'S "Ringwood".
The meet was at Flemington racecourse gates,and, after proceeding along Epsom road until reaching the Maribyrnong road, the throw off took place between that and Aberfeldie, and proceeded through the estate of that name towards Budesbach. Crossing Buckley street, and inclining to the left they crossed Spring Creek and entered Mr Beale's property, and from thence crossed the North Pole road into Dodd's paddock,with Keilor Cemetery on the right, and entering Mr W.Delahey's property they arrived at Mc'Intyre's ford.(P.15, Argus, 8-7-1893.)

I have a feeling that John Beale was first listed as an Ardmillan Rd resident in the directory in 1892. His Shelton Farm homestead may have been on Main's Estate between Steele Creek and Rachelle Rd, John Beale having, on 1-6-1865, purchased lot 8 (east from Rachelle Rd including Craig St) and I distinctly remember that James Anderson was rated on 50 acres, section 12 in a Keilor rate book,separate from "Springbank".

HANG ON! I can access early landowners. Here's a bit about John Beale.
John Beale called his farm Shelton and when he moved into No 18 (now 24) Ardmillan Rd. in 1890, he gave the same name to the house. John Beales twin daughters, Rachel and Rebecca, died of Diptheria on 3-10-1859; I wonder if there is any connection with the naming of Rachelle Rd. His two surviving children married members of the Dutton family, which farmed at Glenroy and Meadow Heights where a school was named after
Bethal Dutton. John Beale Snr. died in 1906 and his son in 1916, after which the Ardmillan Rd. house passed to the latters son in law, Loftus Henry Moran (hopefully not an ancestor of the UNDERBELLY mob!)

And the Sanatorium.
Dr William Crookes Brompton Lodge operated from 1868 until 1872 at which time John Beale bought another 12 blocks from him. (Keilor Pioneers; Dead Men do tell Tales.)

And James Anderson's dad,plus more about the Andersons.
Blacksmith, William Anderson was killed in an accident near the toll gate at the Keilor bridge (Brees 1854 bridge) on 25-2-1862, leaving his wife Catherine (nee Clark) and children, Janet, Catherine, Margaret, Alex. and James. The widow was Keilors midwife for thirty years until dying in September 1892. The daughter named after her seems to have been a pioneer of Ardmillan Rd from 1877 until 1894 (at old No.81, now 65 and 65A and from March 1909 Miss Morriss Blinkbonnie Ladies College), when she probably moved back into her late mothers Keilor residence. James worked at many occupations including that of shearer, was an overseer at Arundel in 1868, and in 1882 bought a butchers shop in Keilor. When that was sold, he and his wife (Annie Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart) went to a farm on North Pole Rd (50 acres in section 12 on the west side of Spring Gully) and afterwards to Springbank.
A press report of the Oakland Hunt Clubs meet of 20-5-1899 says that the quarry was chased around Pinnacle Hill to a slaughterhouse, then east to Andersons well-kept farm etc. James later, some time after 1930, moved to a farm called Braeside (the 30 acres in Keilor containing Meehan Ct, Watson Rise, Fleming Ct and Tan Ct), where he died on 2-6-1943 at 96. His son Don bought a part of William ONeils Horseshoe Bend Farm in 1937 and his orchard became a feature for those descending down Curleys Hill into Keilor. Dons son, Peter, married a daughter of the Hendersons from Tullamarine and still lives across Church St from his grandfathers Braeside land.
In 1900 James Anderson was farming Springbank of 179 acres and 214 acres (probably Sinclairs Farm of 114 acres and two farms of about 50 acres each fronting the north side of Rose Hill Rd. He also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Road (Coxs Farm, lot 10 of section 12). He later owned Braeside on the hill overlooking Church St. and Green Gully Rd. at Keilor.
I had wrongly thought that John Duhey had died in a road accident; it was John Curry who died following a fall on Keilor Rd. in 1862, when his horse was frightened by camels returning from the search for Burke and Wills.
John Duhy (Duhay on the 1890 map and Duhey in 1868 rates) was a batchelor and died in Buckley St. on 14-4-1890.




NIDDRIE.
John Pascoe Fawkner received the grant for what is now called Hadfield. It was known as Box Forest and its present name honours Cr Rupert Hadfield of the Shire of Broadmeadows. Strangely nearby land not connected with Fawkner assumed his name. The same thing happened in regard to Niddrie. The name crept south to the Keilor Rd shopping centre and then further south to include Main's Estate, mainly east of Steeles Creek, but the quarry on the other side (originally the Cox and Collier farms), was known as the Niddrie Quarry. It was probably a case of "squeeze over, squeezebox",circa W.W.2 because the need for factories to supply components for aircraft led to "Airport West" being coined. Strangely,it was only in recent years that this name was made official. The area known as Airport West crept south but the Primary and High Schools retained the name of Niddrie.

The farm known as "Niddrie" was granted to Thomas Napier, better known for his association with the Strathmore area. It was bounded by Keilor Rd,Treadwell Rd and the Grange Rd/Bowes Ave midline and included Fraser St building blocks. The north east corner was just north of Nomad Rd.
Henry Stevenson owned "Niddrie" for many years and would have been there when the hunt took place.

The wikipedia page for Niddrie has much valuable information.
Between 1843 and 1851, the Scottish settler, Thomas Napier (18021881) purchased the Keilor Road land covering Niddrie and Airport West. In 1869, Napier sold this 249-acre (1.01 km2) land to Henry Stevenson (18101893). By 1871, Stevenson had built a house he named Niddrie, after his birthplace of Niddrie, a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland. After his death in 1893 the property was transferred to his wife Elizabeth who sold it to Patrick Morgan eight years later.[2] Though not officially registered as a suburb until 26 May 1994 the Keilor Council initiated this in 1955. [3] A Keilor East Post Office opened on 1 July 1947 and was renamed Niddrie around 1956. The Niddrie North office opened in 1960, though it was known as Airport West from 1974 until 1982.[4]

My journal about Airport West has information about the Morgans.
Treadwell Rd (now Treadwell St and Nomad Rd), the eastern boundary of "Niddrie" is on the same line as Hoffmans Rd,the eastern boundary of Springbank but despite the hunt report,after exiting "Springbank", between 210 and 450 metres of riding would have been necessary to cross 17C, Doutta Galla, before going over Keilor Rd into "Niddrie".

SPRING PARK.
Spring Park (17A, Doutta Galla) was granted to spirit mechants, Patrick Phelan and Owen Connor, the latter also receiving the grant to Keilor Binn Farm, which later became John Dodd's Brimbank Farm and was the original part of Brimbank Park.They over-extended and both farms were lost as detailed in Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES. Owen returned to Ireland and sent a letter to the court (written in an Irish accent)which is included in Angela's book and hilarious.(At least I tink it was!) Patrick's parliamentary career was most likely ended by his insolvency. If I remember correctly,Patrick's daughter Sarah,married William Connor and they lived on Springfield, the farm west of Spring Farm, which Phelan put in trust for Sarah.

Phelan, Patrick
Born 1 November 1815 (Raheen, Queen's County) Died 31 October 1898.
Parents: Patrick and Bridget, nee Delaney Marriage: c.1850 Keilor, Ellen Connor; several children
Occupation: Farmer and businessman Religion: Catholic
Career: A farmer in Ireland; arrived Port Phillip 1841 and by 1856 had agric., commercial and mining interests; was a farmer at Spring Park, Keilor, and a member of the Keilor district road board; partner, Connor, Phelan & Company Melbourne in 1850s and a director Colonial Bank of Aust. 1856-1858?
House Electorate Start * End *
MLA West Bourke November 1856 January 1860 Election declared void
Other seats contested: W. Bourke 1864, N. Melbourne 1864

Spring Park went west from Niddrie's west boundary to the boundary between the A.J.Davis Reserve and the Niddrie primary and high schools. The hunt probably rode through Melway 15 J7, and H6 to reach Sharpe's (sic.)

I no longer have my transcriptions of rate records,but it's a fair bet that the McNamara brothers (after whom the major road was named) were occupying Spring Park when this hunt took place. I think I remember Rupert Percy Steele being assessed on a property in the vicinity at about that time but I can't remember if it was Spring Park.The last occupier of Spring Park before it was subdivided was William Johnson (Glendewar will be dealt with later.)
JOHNSON. On the 28th September 1913 at "Glendewar," Tullamarine, James Alexander, the dearly loved third son of Mrs. W. and the late William Johnson, late of "Spring Park," Essendon aged 39 years.

JAMES SHARP (HILLSIDE.)
After writing TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT for the 1998 Back to Tulla,I was asked to speak to a group from the area south of Keilor Rd and decided to focus on that area's history. This led to my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA which involved months of title searches. As a result my 1999 Melway has transposed title office information from Sharps Rd, Tullamarine to W.S.Cox's Kensington Park racecourse.

As mentioned earlier, William and John Foster were given a lease of a run called "Leslie Park" in 1840. It obviously straddled Sharps Rd and Section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla (fronting Sharps Rd west of the Broadmeadows Rd corner) must have been their pre-emptive right in each parish. They obviously called both square miles "Springs" and this name was used,confusingly, to describe the location of the Lady of the Lake hotel, just south of the Derby St corner at Tullamarine,and residents south of Keilor Rd such as Laverty. This confusion was overcome by calling the latter area "Springfield". In about 1860, Maurice Crotty, who had been working at the Brannigan's St John's Hill (Melway 384 K5) started leasing all or part of 21 Doutta Galla. Before long, his wife (nee McCormack)wrote that somebody had bought part of their farm "The Springs".

This was James Sharp. Volume 176 folio 786 shows that James Sharp had purchased 133 acres. The eastern boundary was a southern continuation of Broadmeadows Rd, and the western boundary was just west of Allied Drive. James Sharp would definitely have been on Hillside when the hunt took place.
SHARP. On the 6th December, at his late residence, "Hillside," Tullamarine, James Sharp, beloved husband of Mary Sharp, aged 87 years. A colonist of 63 years. (P.1,Argus, 7-12-1916.)
Mary died at Hillside in 1920. (P.1, Argus, 8-4-1920.)

For many years before their deaths, James and Mary occupied only the house and homestead block of 8 acres with such as P.R.Johnson leasing the rest of the farm. Thomas Nash was leasing Hillside in 1892-3.
Clearing Sale at Tullamarine.
On 13th February, McPhail. Anderson and Co. held a successful farm sale at Hillside. Tullamarine, on account of Mr. P.R.Johnson, which property he has been leasing for some time--all his buildings,farming plant; etc., being dispersed at satisfactory rates. (P.2,Flemington Spectator, 22-2-1917.)


Hillside was occupied by a succession of lessees. Michael Reddan was there in 1928 when the Albion-Jacana railway line was being built and Joe Crotty told me that Michael's hay harvest was so prolific that one could hardly drive between the sheaves.

Joe Thomas became the owner of Hillside in about 1943 and rebuilt the homestead, using the stone from Sharp's kitchen as pillars for the entry gates. His farm, which he renamed "Carinya Park" became the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club for many decades. Joe used to run film nights at the farm to raise funds for the community. In the 1970's hay band donated by Mrs Thomas helped the Kindergarten Association's financial gold mine paper drives. My plans would have not been successful without the hay band, Noel Grist's truck and a fantastic band of volunteers.

The name of Barrie Rd honours Joe's son who died very young.
OBITUARY
Master Barrie Raymond Thomas.
Deepest sympathy is extended to Mr. and Mrs. S. Thomas, Sharps' Rd.Tullamarine, in the tragic loss of their youngest son, Barrie Raymond, who passed away on Sunday last at the age of 4 years 7 months, after a short illness. Mr. and Mrs. J. E.Brown, Phoenix St., Sunshine, and Mr. and Mrs. B. A. Thomas, Rockbank, are the grandparents of the little boy who was the 5th generation of the Opie family of Deer Park.
At the Royal Melbourne Show, Barrie won a prize with his Shetland pony, and at the funeral on Tuesday, the pony (with the riding boots reversed in the stirrups) led the cortege through the Footscray Cemetery gates. The jockey cap and the whip were buried with their owner.
Five mourning coaches and a floral car with 56 wreaths, were in the funeral procession, which left his parents' home. Rev. Cohn, Broadmeadows C. of E., officiated at the services and Walter. A. Warne had charge of arrangements.
Pall-bearers were: Mr. Cox, Mr.Bruce Daly (Sunshine), Mr. Dempster (Moonee Ponds), Mr. Frank Thomas (Rockbank), Mr Jack Yates, Mr. Ron Parkinson, Mr. Alan Cook(Sunshine) and Mr. Jack Doyle.
(P.1, Sunshine Advocate, 21-11-1947.)


Joe had enlarged the homestead but it was not big enough for the 21st birthday party of Cecil Thomas where guest ate a birthday cake fit for a Queen.
Her cakes are in demand for Christmas and birthdays.Last year she made twelve lOin. cakes (one specially de-
corated, the others for cutting) for the 21st birthday party of Cecil Thomas, of "Carinya Park," Tullamarine-a party for 512 people at Moonee Ponds Town Hall.(Bake the cake the Queen will taste
The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) Wednesday 6 March 1963 p 5 Article Illustrated)


CROTTY (Broomfield.)
Maurice Crotty's arrival on "The Springs" has been mentioned in relation to James Sharp. The Fosters may have planted Cape Broom as boundaries on their grants. There was a Cape Broom hedge in front of the Lady of the Lake hotel at Tullamarine through which young Minnie and Catherine O'Nial watched Robert O'Hara Burke's expedition straggle by on its way to the second camp site by the lagoon south of the Inverness Hotel. The 33 acre farm, which included the site of the burnt out hotel, leased by my great grandfather, John Cock, from Beaman (who married the girls' mother after the death of their father) became known as "Broombank". Ray Loft, who married Maggie Millar (after whom Millar Rd was named) leased Broombank for many years and wanted to buy it, but Catherine and Minnie refused to sell so he had to wait until they died in the 1930's.

Broom covered much of the old Crotty farm when I ran through TWENTIETH CENTURY CITY with my mate,Graeme,in the 1970,so it is no surprise that Maurice Crotty named his portion of The Springs as Broomfield. After the death of Maurice, his sons took over the tedious task of milking twice a day. James Crotty's son, Joe, told me that there was no sadness when the farm was sold after a century of dairy farming because it was such hard work. Forfeited part payments circa 1890 from the Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Co. had made life more comfortable,paying for the building of a new homestead on the site of the Honda motor cycle riding school. Tullamarine Park Rd became the main through road on Broombank when TWENTIETH CENTURY CITY became an industrial estate.

There is no doubt that the Crotty family saw the hunt thunder by. My great Uncle, Alf Cock was one of Jim Crotty's pall bearers.
OLD TULLAMARINE RESIDENT DIES.
Sunshine Advocate (Vic. : 1924 - 1954) Friday 26 July 1929 p 7 Article
... OLD TULLAMARINE RESIDENT DIES. Mr. James Crotty, one of the oldest of native-born residents, died at his home, "Broomfield," Tullamarine, on Sunday last


MAKING SENSE OF THE HUNT REPORT.
Before moving on to WILLIAMSON'S, I must mention that "and a line of country was chosen that could not be surpassed" had me puzzled. The hounds were undeterred if they could not see the quarry, so instead of using a hare or fox (or Deer at Deer Park) a trail of scent could be laid by dragging a corpse. However "throw off" would seem to refer to a live quarry so it seems strange to imply that the route was chosen by a member of the hunt. (Postscript. The 1900 hunt report that mentioned Anderson's Creek started with "a throw off" not far from where this 1888 hunt started and stated that "the game" swam the river.)

ROUTE SO FAR.(Part in bold type is an amendment made when I discovered that Williamson's was "Fairfield".)
Tweedside (Melway 28 E4); probably west nor' west through Mar Lodge Estate (28 D3) and Budesbach (28 BC2)veering north through James Wilson's (28 A1, 16 A12), across the Keilor road into Niddrie heading north west (16A9, to cross the creek (bike track)near the north end of Ridge Crescent), and along the back of [Spring park (15 J7 to North/Thomas St corner), west through Sharpe's (15 H5, crossing Spring Creek at the Airport Drive bridge),and north through Crotty's (15 F 5 to 15 F3.) After crossing Sharps Rd into George Williamson Jnr's leased 400 acre "Fairfield" fronting that road west of the Broadmeadows Rd corner,the quarry must have veered west into Annandale and perhaps followed Steele Creek to its source at about Melway 5 C12.

From there a run due north of 2 kilometres,passing through J.P.Fawkner's subdivision of section 7 Tullamarine would take the quarry to another type of quarry (now the Cleanaway tip,most of which is in the north east corner of "Dewar's".) Turning south east to avoid the pit from which Keilor Shire's favoured road metal (Dewar's) came, and crossing William Love's triangular paddock containing the eastern sixth of the Cleanaway tip (5 E7),and smaller paddocks south of Charles Nash's "Fairview" (5 F/G8),the quarry would have followed the line of Derby St between J.C.Riddell and Hamilton's "Hamilton Terrace" (between Derby St and Melrose Drive) and "Chandos", then crossing the north east corner of "Broombank" (Boyse Court),and the later Junction Estate (Andlon, Londrew, Northedge) associated with the Junction Hotel, finally entering Edmond Dunn's 337 acre "Viewpoint" at a point south of Scampton Cres. Scampering parallel with Melrose Drive,the terrified creature would have passed through Lonie's "Camp Hill",and east sou' easterly through John Hall's (later Jack Howse's "South Wait", now Strathmore Heights to the east end of Caravelle and Tasman.)It probably kept to the south east bank of the Moonee Ponds Creek passing through St John's,firstly through Henry Stevenson's paddock and then Robert McDougall's*.(*See below.) It then cut south past Peck's Lebanon (Wendora St,built 1882) and John Kernan's (probably near Loeman St) before crossing the line of Glenbervie/Uplands Rd into Napier's 100 acres.
N.B. There is no way Kernan could have had land north of Peck who added the northernmost 12 acres of 15 Doutta Galla to Lebanon without paying for a lease or purchase.(Google "strathmore, 12 acres, sir john franklin".)

* Harry Peck refers to Harry Stevenson and Robert McDougall as being neighbours in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. This seems strange because "Niddrie" and "Arundel" are miles apart but they did have neighbouring paddocks in Strathmore North.(Google "strathmore, stevenson, mcdougall, shorthorns".)

WILLIAMSON(LESLIE BANK or FAIRFIELD?)
Oh dear!
SHIRE OF KEILOR RIDING of TULLAMARINE.
The Annual Ordinary ELECTION for the above will be held on Thursday the 6th day of August, 1889, to elect a COUNCILLOR in the room of Mr Malcolm Ritchie, who retires by rotation but is eligible for re-election ; and I hereby appoint Tuesday, the 30th day of July 1889 as the nomination day, and also appoint Monday, the 29th day of July,1889, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. for nomination papers and deposits to be delivered to Mr. E. Bonfield, my deputy, at the Courthouse, Keilor.
GEORGE WILLIAMSON, Returning Officer. Fairfield, July 23, 1889.
(P.7, Argus, 24-7-1889.)

I had Williamson (in my mind,for a very good reason) occupying Leslie Bank, and I WAS WRONG! George Williamson seems to have been a lessee of farms rather than the owner. See below.

WILLIAMSON, -On the 14th inst., at his residence,
Camp Hill, Tullamarine, George Williamson, aged 53 years. (P.1, Argus, 15-10-1892.)

Had George Williamson or his father been on Leslie Bank in 1888. The answer is no. His father was dead by 1883 when his mother died at Fairfield,the residence of George and his brother.

WILLIAMSON - On the 19th inst, at the residence of her sons, G and A Williamson, Fairfield Farm, Tullamarine, Margaret Johnston, relict of the late George Williamson, Melbourne, aged 66 years.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 20 September 1883 p 1 Family Notices.)

Thus it was Fairfield that the hunt passed through in 1888, but I will explain why I connected the Williamsons with Leslie Bank. Section 20 Doutta Galla between Keilor Park Drive (formerly Fosters Rd) and the river, from the line of Sharps Rd to the line of Spence St, Keilor Park, was granted to John Foster. John and his older brother, William,both had Leslie as given names, thus the name of their 1840 run lease (which was cancelled before the ten years expired) and "Leslie Banks". When John was returning home, the Delaheys bought it and leased it to such as William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend. James Harrick later owned or leased it (I forget which.)
It was later subdivided and the Moonya dairy was established by Claude Butler in 1941.

By 1943, the Crottys were leasing 217 acres from the Williamsons (whose homestead was on the site of the playground near the tennis courts at Melway 15 D5.) The land owned by the Williamsons is now the Keilor Park Recreation Reserve.

FAIRFIELD.
William Foster's grants passed to his brother John who lived on 21 Doutta Galla in the GOVERNOR'S HOUSE, such name coined by the Crotty family; John and the son of Merino breeder, John Macarthur, acted as Governor for short periods between the retirement of Latrobe and the arrival of Hotham. Glen, a Crotty descendant, told me the site of the Governor's house (Melway 15 F6) and on examination I found remnants of 140 year old rose bushes there and lady of the lake lilies in the creek.

Section 3 Tullamarine was north of the part of Sharps Rd west of Broadmeadows Rd. It went north to Post Office Lane (indicated by the northern boundary of Trade Park opposite the Derby St corner.) Its north east corner is where the Freight Rd/Londrew Court midline meets Mickleham Rd opposite Lackenheath Drive (the boundary between Stewarton/Gladstone and Viewpoint.) East of Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive)were the 6 acre Lady of the Lake hotel block (Millar Rd/Boyse Court) later added to the 27 acre Broombank (Tadstan Drive area),the junction hotel site (711 service station,formerly Mobil garage and before that Cec and Lily Green's store and petrol station after Tommy Loft had the Junction hotel closed) and its associated paddock (later the junction Estate, later the Butterworths' farmlet and Doris Rorke's block adjoining her Bulla Rd block, now Northedge and Andlon and
Londrew Courts.)

Unable to access my titles information, I was uncertain whether the parts of Section 3, other than the Kilburns' Fairview had been sold by Foster or Kilburn, I searched for a court case that I knew was on trove. I had not been able to correct the digitised text on trove, and that still being the case, I will correct it in the journal. It shows that David William O'Nial must have been leasing from Foster and that it was Foster who sold off the various portions (through an agent, having returned home.) David died "On the 4th inst., at his residence, at the Lady of the Lake, Springs, Mount Macedon Road, aged 38 years.," (P.4, Argus, 6-1-1853),and an application was made "that letters of Administration of all and singular the goods, chattels, rights and credits of the said David William O'Nial, may be granted unto Ellen O'Nial, the widow of the said David William O'Nial.((P.8, Argus, 25-3-1853.) Ellen married Richard Beaman who became stepfather to Catherine and Kitty, who seven years later watched Burke's expedition through Broombank's hedge. The girls soon had a baby brother: 23rd inst, at the Lady of the Lake, the wife of Mr. Richard Beaman, of a son.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 26 May 1855 p 4 Family Notices.)

N.B. IF I REMEMBER CORRECTLY THE EARLIEST REFERENCE I HAD FOUND TO DAVID WILLIAM O'NIAL RUNNING THE LADY OF THE LAKE WAS IN 1849. IT WOULD APPEAR THAT HE HAD ESTABLISHED THE HOTEL IN 1846,OR PERHAPS EARLIER.
LICENSES RENEWED. D. W. O'Nial, Lady of the Lake, Springs (P.2, Melbourne Argus, 23-4-1847.)

FOSTER, V. BEAMAN.
Mr. Higinbotham for the plaintiff; Mr.Wood for the defendant.
An action on a bill of exchange. The defendant pleaded a failure of consideration. The plaintiff was John V. F. Leslie Foster,Esq. and the defendant was the landlord of the Lady of the Lake public-house, on the Deep Creek-road. In January 1855, the plaintiff agreed, through Mr. John Mackenzie, to sell to defendant a piece of land of about thirty-six acres, near the public-house. The defendant wished to buy half for his children and half for himself, and it was eventually sold in this way-half to the trustees of defendant's children, and half to the defendant. |

The trustees paid for their half, and the defendant took possession of that portion of the land, which formed half of a paddock, of which his own purchase formed the other half. The terms were to be bills at twelve and twenty-four months' date;possession of the land to be given to defendant within ten days from the signing of the agreement to buy, and tho conveyance to be completed on the bills being paid. At the time of the purchase, one Agnew was in possession of one part of tho paddock-having a stack of hay upon it; and on one occasion when tho defendant went to ask for possession Agnew was not there to give any answer to the application. The de-
fendant's case was that he had never been let into possession, and he gave evidence to that effect. For the plaintiff, it was proved that defendant had been present on the occasion when Agnew's hut was pulled down, and Agnew proved that the defendant had given him permission to take a small portion of the materials away. This was the only distinct act of exercise of ownership proved, but it was shown that defendant's horse used to graze all over the paddock, as well over the half which was purchased for the children as over the other, which was not fenced off in any way. Plaintiff also proved that in the course of a conversation he had with
defendant, the latter admitted he had not thought of refusing payment of the bill on the ground of not being let into possession until after it became due and he found himself unable to meet it. Plaintiff then told him he could have two or three years more time to pay the bill, if he only got a good name to it, or gave security.
His Honor told the jury that if at any time before the bill became due, the defendant took possession of any portion of the premises, it did not matter whether it was a profitable possession or not, the plaintiff must recover, as the defendant would then have failed to make out his plea.
The jury found that the defendant had possession on the 28rd March, 1855; and then
gave damages to the plaintiff 565 1s. 10d.,including interest on the bill.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 August 1856 p 5 Article.)


The part of Section 3 north of the Janus St, Catherine Ave midline was sold in small blocks fronting the south side of Post Office Lane and Bulla Rd to Ann Parr, John Wright, Charles Nash, George Mounsey, and John F.Blanche, most (perhaps all) being staunch Methodists. Charles Nash also bought 109.5 acres including Catherine Ave, Phelan Court, Burvale Court, International Square and airport land to Melway 5 E parts 11, 12. He called this farm "Bayview".In the mid 1900's the farm was owned by Campbell and then John Denham.

The land south of the Catherine Avenue/Janus St midline comprised 400 (or 404) acres. This was purchased by the kilburns, grantees of land along Keilor Rd who also owned land at Strathmore. They called the farm Fairfield but probably leased it to locals mainly. Basket Davey Milburn of Keilor, Victoria's pioneer of irrigation, seems to have been assessed on Fairfield in Keilor Shire's first available rate record of 1868*. (*The oldest ratebook found in the strongroom while I transcribed rates in 1988-9.)

As explained previously, George Williamson and his brother,A.Williamson, would have been on Fairfield when the hunt crossed Sharps Rd from Broomfield and then veered west into Annandale at about Melway 5 D1.

Fairfield was later bought by James Harrick, (perhaps when the current Williamson lease finished)who sold it as two 200 acre farms. In about 1910, the eastern half was sold to George Mansfield who built the "Dalkeith" Homestead, later occupied by Dawes, Baker, Loft, Dawson and Hurren. I was told the homestead was on the west corner of Dalkeith Avenue but a photo taken from the top of the Drive-in screen circa 1960 indicates that it was nearer to the Dawson St corner. Dalkeith which went west to include the Fisher Grove house blocks was later owned by Tommy Loft who convened the 1924 meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed and subdivided the Eumarella and Gordon St area; Gordon Loft was the son of Tommy's son,Ray. Dawson St is named after Leslie King Dawson who was on Dalkeith by 1943. Percy Hurren,storekeeper and postmaster at Jones Corner at Moorooduc in 1950 was on Dalkeith in 1951 and soon joined the progress association.

LOFT - (nee Maggie Millar).-On the 1st February, at Sister Davies Private hospital, Scott street,Essendon. to Mr. and Mr.Ray Loft, Wahroonga, Tullamarine --a son ( Gordon Raymond).
(P.13, Argus, 9-2-1929.)

Wahroonga would be 3 Eumarella St, a Californian Bungalow, which I hope has not been demolished. Joe Crotty lived here after Broombank was sold and in the 1970's, Ben Hall,descendant of the bushranger, lived here with his Cobb and Co. coach and running a period clothing hire business before continuing same from the residence (demolished now)of the Henderson's old post office on the north corner of Henderson Rd.

The western half,to the end of Sharps Rd, and now airport land, was for some time Michael Reddan's "Brightview". Michael also farmed Hillside and Seafield (on the east side of McNabs Rd and south side of Grants Lane with the proposed future e-w runway being its southern boundary.) Michael managed Aucholzie (across McNabs Rd) for Gilbertson the butcher while farming Seafield.

The Doyles moved onto Brightview prior to 1943. Their son and my uncle, Alf Cock junior were the only residents whose names were added to the Tullamarine war memorial after world war 2,both having lost their lives. The memorial was originally on the site of Tullamarine State School 2613 at the Conders Lane corner (Melrose Drive/Link Rd corner)but after the school was relocated because of airport acquisition in 1961, Walter V.(Major) Murphy moved it to the Dalkeith Avenue corner.



ANNANDALE
Annandale was section 2, Tullamarine, granted to Melbourne grocer, George Annand.
COUNTY OF BOURKE.(At the Police office, Melbourne, at 11 o'clock of Friday the 29th day of June next.)
1. Wollert.....
2. 640, Six hundred and forty acres,parish of Tullamarine, section No. 2.
Bounded on the north by section 7 (SEE "TULLAMARINE") ; on the east by W. V. L. Foster's 640 acres (SECTION 3 TULLAMARINE) ;on the south by J. F. L. Foster's 712 acres (20 DOUTTA GALLA, LESLIE BANKS) ; and on the west by R. H. Bunbury's 790 acres (SECTION 1 TULLAMARINE, ARUNDEL.) (49-112 ) (P.1, Argus, 1-6-1849.)

The details in upper case have been added to the advertisement!

I have seen no evidence of George Annand living at Tullamarine. It was most likely leased out until William Taylor added it to the Overnewton Estate, part of it, such as Cr John Fox's Geraghty's Paddock and Alf Cock's Glenview, being resumed under the Closer Settlement Act of 1904 to form part of the Arundel Closer Settlement, while east of Steeles Creek, Cr.Bill Parr had 165 acres which he called Annandale and (Tom?) Nash had 165 acres which would have included the 1850's McCormack farm of 44 acres called "Chesterfield". (Crotty researcher, Glen.)

Argus editor and co-owner, Edward Wilson of Arundel was one of the early lessees and would not have renewed because he had sold Arundel to Robert McDougall (sworn enemy of Niddrie's Henry Stevenson.)
TO LET, 640 acres of LAND, known as Annandale, parish of Tullamarine, near Keilor, and recently in the occupation of Edward Wilson, Esq, Arundel, Offers will be received by the undersigned until the
20th instant for leasing the property for three years.GEORGE WHARTON (Probably an agent.)
(P.8, Argus, 13-7-1869.)


TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT reveals that Anderson and Parr were leasing Annandale in 1893 but not the next year,probably because of the depression. The Anderson and Parr families were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist church and one of the lanes in Fawkner's subdivision was known as Anderson's Lane. (By the way George Williamson's brother was named ANDREW; I had correctly concluded that they were on Fairview in 1890.)
Parr would have been James Henry Parr son of widow, Ann Parr, and father of Bill and Sam Parr; Sam took over his father's Elm Farm (see TULLAMARINE) while Bill farmed the 165 acre Annandale.
PARR.--On the 15th July, at her son's residence, Annandale road. Tullamarine, Emily, the beloved wife of James Henry Parr, and loved mother of William, Samuel, Mrs. C. Nash and Mrs. J. Wright,aged 68 years. Till the day dawns.(P.2, The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter, 18-7-1918.)

I CANNOT SAY WHO WAS OCCUPYING ANNANDALE WHEN THIS HUNT TOOK PLACE.

TULLAMARINE.
Tullamarine's centre of population in 1888 was near and north of Post Office Lane. Foster had sold mainly small blocks to a bunch of Wesleyans on the south side of Post Office Lane and Fawkner 65 blocks to the north. The same Wesleyan families had bought mainly small blocks on Riddell's Camieston Estate and his Hamilton Terrace had many one acre blocks.

The location of public buildings usually gives a fair idea of the centre of population. The most southerly was the Wesleyan School 632,on one acre at the bend in Cherie St (volume 420 folio 301.) The northern boundary of D.T.Kilburn's 400 acre "Fairview" had a kink near Bulla Rd because of the school block. During the height of the rush to the diggings John Hendry ran the post office at Tullamarine Junction nearby but by 1888, the P.O. would have been at Post Office Lane. In 1884, the Seafield school (4 J6) and the Wesleyan one were closed and replaced by S.S.2613 at the Conders Lane corner (5 F9.)

"Up by Tullamarine" would mean 5 C 12(Annandale) to 5 C6 (Glendewar)through Fawkner's subdivision.

John Pascoe Fawkner received the grant for section 7 Tullamarine whose northern boundary was Grants Lane from just west of gate 18 in Melway 5 B6 with the north east corner where Western Avenue ends in 5 F6. The south boundary went from the middle of 5 B10 to where Link Rd crosses the bottom of 5 E10. John Carre Riddell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne was granted section 6, adjoining it on the east,5 F6 and 5 E10 being its north west and south west corners. The north east and south east corners were at Mickleham Rd opposite the Forman Rd and Lackenheath Drive corners.

Land in the parish of Tullamarine must have been surveyed in 1841/2 because the first grants were issued on 30-11-1842. A descendant of E.E.Kenny of Camp Hill informed me that Mt Macedon Rd (Deep Creek Rd/Bulla Rd/ Lancefield Rd/Melrose Drive) was surveyed through the parish in 1847, later becoming (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854) the GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS.

Riddell also was granted section 15 fronting the Moonee Ponds Creek,north of section 7 and 6, with its south west corner at 5 B6. When Bulla Rd was made, the south west corner of section 6,the north east corner of section 7 and the south west corner of section 15 were isolated from the rest of each grant. Fawkner and Riddell sold these isolated triangles to each other so that Riddell's land was now all on the north east (Broadmeadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd and Fawkner's was on the south west (Keilor Shire) side. The shires (and their predecessors,the road boards) did not exist then,of course.

(Incidentally, the cutting off of triangles continued further north and explains why Phillip Hill was involved with the 1906 Mansfield drownings at Bertram's ford. The south west corner of section 15 was a Mansfield property in 1906 with William John Mansfield and W.J.Jnr living there. It was later Alan Payne's pig farm, "Scone" from the 1940's until airport acquisition circa 1960.It now contains the airport terminal except for the arms where planes are loaded and unloaded,which jut out into the 560 acres of section 14 on the south west of Bulla Rd (Gowrie Park.) The other 80 acres, between the east end of the e-w runway and the Moonee Ponds Creek and adjoining "Glendewar" to the south east, included the Hill family's "Danby Farm". Thus as well as attending school 2613 together,young Willy and Phil were neighbours living only the width of Bulla Rd apart at the dead centre of 5 B4.
MANSFIELD.On the 15th October (accidently drowned), at Keilor, William John, beloved husband of Catherine Mansfield, and only surviving son of John Mansfield, of Tullamarine, aged 50 years also his eldest son, William John Mansfield aged 7 years. (P.1, Argus, 16-10-1906.)

Harry Heaps told me that planes used to be parked on Donovan's Gowrie Park during W.W.2 but Arun Chandu has found that this was only to a limited extent and that far more planes were parked on the 80 acres containing Danby Farm,Phil Hill moving to St Albans previously or because of this requirement.)


Getting back to Fawkner and Riddell,the former did not bestow a name on his section 6 and 7 land on the Keilor side of Bulla Rd because the land was already sold, to members of his land co-operative, who on the payment of a further pound (the cost of the land transfer)were given title to their blocks. To provide access to their blocks, lanes were reserved. Post Office Lane was the southern boundary with Section 3 and other lanes acquired the names of Anderson's and Conder's Lane. (See my journals about Fawkner's co-ops.)Among longtime residents on Fawkner's subdivision were Beech, Tenniel etc of the Beech Tree Hotel,the Andersons (Pineleigh?) the Parrs of Elm Farm (whose western boundary was a little west of the northern third of Link Rd, Love's dairy farm which was bought by the McNabs after the fire,and Peter Spiers on the 101 acres near Grants Lane that became Ecclesfield when Bill Ellis bought it. John Love won many prizes with his boars. Spiers committed suicide.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 April 1878 p 1 Family Notices
.PARR.-On the 6th inst., at Elm Farm, Tullamarine, the wife of Mr J. H. Parr of a daughter. Both doing well



Riddell and Hamilton,early squatters on Cairn Hill near Gisborne, named their land the Camieston Estate.* The land fronting the west side of Broadmeadows Rd (Mickleham Rd north from Freight Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek became the 467 acre "Chandos" which was sold to John Peter (Volume 170 folio 2 according to my Melway.)My great grandfather, John Cock, bought it in 1902 and subdivided it keeping the middle 198 portion (later Bill Lockhart's "Springburn", the northern 123 acre portion eventually becoming Percy Judd's Chandos Park and the southern (140?) acres Frank Wright's Strathconnan. (Frank Wright married Jessie Rowe, the teacher at S.S. 2613 (formerly at the Holden school,west of Tullamarine Island)who had the sad task of informing her pupils of the Mansfield drowning.

*Camiestown (sic), Moonee Ponds, acre lots in Hamilton terrace, fronting the main road, with a road 1 chain wide at the back. (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 27 July 1853 p 7 Advertising.)
N.B. Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the Moonee Ponds Creek.

FOR Sale, that beautiful Estate on the Moonee Ponds, consisting of about 480 Acres, now in the occupation of Mr. Love, and well known as Riddell and Hamilton's Accommodation Paddock. If not sold by the 1st of January, this property will be Let by tender, in part for cultivation, for five or seven years; enry 1st February. For particulars as to price and conditions, apply to Mr. J. C. RIDDELL, Carlton Gardens.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 26 November 1855 p 8 Advertising.)


Land between Victoria St and Wright St from Derby St to Moonee Ponds Creek(roughly 5 G5-8)was sold to Charles Nash (Fairview, lots 1-6,15-20,7,21,77 acres),George Goodwin,John Anderson, Thomas Purvis and James Anderson.
Charles Nash must have bought Goodwin's blocks as Fairview was traditionally 100 acres.

The land between Bulla Rd and Derby St was called Hamilton Terrace and was divided into acre blocks, one chain wide and ten chains deep (20x200 metres.) Noah Holland, a well-known drover was a good customer of John Beech's Beech Tree Hotel (MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.) He owned 6 acres on which he was assessed for years but after his death, apparently nobody was paying the rates and schoolteacher/Tullamarine Progress secretary, Alec Rasmussen had the bright idea of gaining the six blocks through adverse possession (according to the late Leo Dineen, whose grandfather taught at S.S. 2613, after Alec, in the 1930's.)The T.P.A. constitution stated that meetings were to be held on nights of the full moon, obviously on what is now the Tullamarine Reserve. The Beech Tree Hotel was across Bulla Rd on Fawkner's part of section 6,just south of the Henderson Rd corner. Handlen's one acre block was added to the reserve,possibly in the 1970's. There is a photo of Colin Williams and others from the Methodist church in front of Handlen's house, which was still standing-about a metre back from the footpath,when I started my runs to the airport in 1971.

Mary Ann Mansfield, the fourth child of Issac Mansfield, and Ann(nee Seeley) and sister of David, married James Degville Tenniel in 1859. James, a policeman at Broadmeadows Township in 1857, died in 1874 aged 50. Mary Ann* married Noah Holland in 1877. Noah had previously been married to May Jane Sage who died in 1873. Noah died in Footscray* in 1919 aged about 84 and Mary (nee Mansfield) died at Flemington* in 1904. (*Noah's work would have revolved around the Newmarket saleyards.)
(P.61, THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY,Neil Mansfield.)

James Tenniel ran the Beech Tree Hotel hotel, virtually across the road from Noah's 6 acres and died there.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 24 January 1874 p 1 Family Notices
... TENNIEL.- On the 23rd inst., at the Beech-tree, Tullamarine, James Tenniel, aged 50 years. ..

(*Marian Holland was assessed on the Beech Tree Hotel in 1877. P.15,TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT.)

I wonder if Noah's accident (below) led to his death.
ACTION SETTLED.
An action brought by Noah Holland, drover, of Macaulay road Kensington, against the Railways Commissioners,came to an abrupt termination, in County Court yesterday, before judge Box and a jury. Plaintiff claimed 500 damages for in-juries he sustained, caused by the horse he was riding falling over a heap of earth thrown up by the department, in Newmarket street, Flemington. The accident occurred early on the morning of June 14.
Plaintiff ,who is an old man, had a rib fractured, his chest crushed, and sustained a severe shock.
Just after the case had been opened, a settlement was arrived at, and the case was struck out. Under the settlement the plaintiff agreed to accept 100.(P.10, Argus,17-10-1916.)


DEWAR'S (GLENDEWAR.)
William Dewar was an early Bulla councillor. Victoria St was the boundary separating Bulla Shire from Broadmeadows and Grants Rd was the boundary with Keilor. Glendewar was the part of section 15 between Bulla Rd and the Moonee Ponds Creek, containing most of the Cleanaway facility the Centre Rd/ Melbourne Drive intersection and Melway 5C 3-4. The south west corner of section 15 was bought from Riddell by John Mansfield (volume 106 folio 595.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 May 1868 p 8 Article)
... Election Notice. WALTER CLARK, Returning Officer,BULLA: hereby give notice that papers nominating William Dewar, Esq., and Charles Daniel, Esq., to fill tho EXTRAORDINARY VACANCY in the Shire ... declare William Dewar. Esq., to be duly elected as a member of the Bulla Shire Council.

Glendewar, consisting of 377 acres 2 roods and 25 perches, was bought from Riddell by William Dewar (volume 46 folio 766.) I have seen an obituary which stated that he had managed the property for Riddell before buying it.

The following show that William's daughter married Dugald McPhail's son,James and that the Johnsons were on Glendewar soon after William's death. James McPhail and Jennet moved to Brighton St in Newmarket where Dugald died. Like William Dewar,Dugald McPhail was a councillor, among the first at Essendon and Flemington and also at Keilor. Dugald was also prominent in the Presbyterian Church, being the prime mover in the foundation of St John's at Essendon and also taking a leading role at state level.He lived at North Park where Alexander McCracken later built his mansion "North Park" which is now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St and at Spring Hill, which was probably James Robertson Snr's grant on which his son James built the mansion Aberfeldie,from which the locality gained its name; it could also have been an early name for Rose Hill. Dugald was eligible to become a Keilor councillor because Rose Hill was bounded by Buckley St, Steele Creek,Rosehill Rd and the Keilor/Essendon Boundary, Hoffmans Rd.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 4 March 1872 p 4 Family Notices
... Dugald M'Phail, Essendon, to Jennet D. Dewar, eldest daughter of William Dewar, Tullamarine.

DEWAR.On the 3rd May, at his late residence,68 Collins-street, Essendon, William Dewar (late of Glendewar, Tullamarine), in his 91st year. A colonist of 62 years. No flowers. (P.1, Argus, 4-5-1903.)

MELBOURNE MARKETS. WEDNESDAY, APRIL, 19. RETAIL MARKETS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 20 April 1911 p 4. J. Johnson, Glendewar,

The Johnsons, early pioneers on Machell's subdivision between Swain St and Somerton Rd at Greenvale, had made the Glendewar tennis court a weekend attraction to Tulla and Bulla youngsters but they moved across the creek to Cumberland for some years,possibly until the destruction of Coghill's beautiful mansion by fire. (Photo in THE OAKLANDS HUNT, D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)Returning to Glendewar,they built a new homestead.

JOHNSON-MANSFIELD. - On the 14th February, 1925 at St Mary's Church of England,Bulla, by the Rev. E. Faulkner, Reginald Graham, third eldest son of Mr and Mrs John Johnson, Cumberland Estate, Oaklands Junction, to Irene Gladys, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs. Ernest Mansfield, of Roseleigh, Tullamarine.
(P.7, Argus, 28-3-1925.)


John Johnson had known Glendewar since at least 1876.
A man named John Johnson, 30 years of age, was engaged rolling some land for Mr.Dewar, at Tullamarine, on Saturday, when one of the horses bolted and the roller went over him, fracturing his ribs and causing
other internal injuries. He was conveyed to the Melbourne Hospital for treatment.(P.4, Argus,5-6-1876.)





DUNN'S (VIEWPOINT.)

Edmund Dunn was a J.P.(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 July 1885 p 10 Article) and a trustee of the Tullamarine Wesleyan Church but he felt no guilt about exiting his 337 acre property in various places to avoid the toll gate (shared by the Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires)which was located near the Junction Hotel site right near the south west corner of Viewpoint (Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970.) If he was going south,he'd probably cut through Camp Hill.

(The toll gate is shown in the advertisement for the village of Gretna Green (under LONIE'S, CAMP HILL) to have been near Sharps Rd but the God-fearing Methodists would hardly have invented Edmund's avoidance, so the toll gate must have been moved to "Green's Corner" in the 1860's.)

You may recall that I hoped the hunt (in 1888) took more care while they crossed Dunn's farm than they had previously. This is what I had in mind. (Excerpt only given.)

DUNN V. WALDOCK.
Mr. Higinbotham and Mr. Michie, Q.C, for the plaintiff. Mr. Ireland, Q.C. ; Mr.Fellows, and Mr. Madden, for the defendant.
Mr. HIGINBOTHAM read the declaration,which stated, that on the 25th July, and on certain other days between that date and 15th August, the defendant, with men, horses, and dogs, entered certain land belonging to the plaintiff, trampling down crops, and killing and injuring certain sheep and lambs, the property of the plaintiff. The defendant had paid 5 into court as satisfaction of damages, and upon this idea issue was
joined.
Mr. MICHIE, in stating the case, said that the plaintiff was a farmer, who was carrying on his business at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows, and the defendant was Mr. Samuel Waldock, who was no doubt known to the jury as a gentleman of sporting tastes, and the master of the Melbourne hounds. Tho action was to recover damages for the wanton injury inflicted by the defendant, accompanied by other persons, in going with horses and hounds over certain land belonging to the plaintiff. The plaintiff's object was not to obtain large damages, but he said that unless he took some very decisive action in order to make these persons responsible for their repeated transgressions of this kind, he might as well abandon his farming business altogether.(etc.)
(P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)


Accidents and fatalities involving horses were probably as common as those involving cars today and one of Edmund's workers was a victim in 1871.
INQUESTS.
On Wednesday the city coroner (Dr. Youl) held an inquest on tho body of Martin Hehir, aged 27 years, a labourer, unmarried. Deceased, who was in the employ of Edmund Dunn, a farmer at Tullamarine, after having
been to Melbourne with a load of hay on Saturday, the 11th Inst., returned home at about 9 o'clock in the evening slightly under the influence of liquor, and was taking thehorse out of the dray, when he forgot to un-
hook one of the dray chains, and the horse finding this, on moving forward plunged, and deceased was struck in the belly by the shaft. Deceased said it was an accident, and a doctor was sent for, but did not come, and next
morning deceased was sent to the hospital. The horse was a quiet one, and deceased was accustomed to horses. Dr. Moloney found him to be suffering from a rupture of the muscles of the right belly, and that a large quantity of intestines protruded through the muscles, being only retained by the skin. Inflammation of
the bowels came on : deceased never rallied, and died next day, the 13th inst. The cause of death was inflammation of the bowels from external violence, and the case was hopeless from the first. A verdict of accidental death was found. (P.7, Argus, 16-3-1871.


After John Cock started leasing Stewarton (soon renamed Gladstone), replacing John Kerr in 1892, he was also leasing Viewpoint from Edmund Dunn who must have mortgaged it (or donated it) to the Church of England which was then recorded as the owner. Within a few years, the lease was shared with a member of the Wright family,jointly and then on separate parts. The Wrights later owned the northern portion but did not seem to have a name for it. The southern part, including Perry and Lucas Court and the Carrick/Trentham Drive corner,south to the junction and (nearly)Lupin Court on Basil Elm's subdivision of Gowanbrae, became John Mansfield's Grandview. Mansfield's portion was put on sale in 1917 (SEE BELOW) but in 1920 Heazelwood was leasing the 169 acres from the Estate of John Mansfield while Frank and Thomas Wright had the northern 169 acres of Viewpoint.(P. 21 TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT.) John Healey Cussens was on Grandview in 1930,having replaced George Dalley who had moved to Hillside, replacing Michael Reddan.

In 1948, the Wrights still had the northern part of Viewpoint and Palmer was on Grandview. The Wrights had sold STRATHCONAN*,across Broadmeadows(Mickleham) Road to Kowarzic, who changed his name to Kaye and was the manager of A.N.A.until Reg Ansett took it over. In the 1970's the lovely Mrs Palmer on Grandview provided many bundles of newspapers and with Mrs Butler and Joyce Morgan (paper that had been collected for the doomed Methodist Church's organ fund) got the Kindergarten Association's paper drives off to a flying start. "Charles Palmer had bought 166 acres south of Gladstone Park in 1945, paying 32 pounds 10 shillings per acre.In 1958, he offered it to Stanley Korman at 500 pounds per acre. Korman accepted." (P.195 BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)
(*Harry Heaps told me the name of the farm, which also is the name of the street formed in the subdivision of his Melrose Drive block.He pronounced it with a long o sound but the street name is spelt with a double n. It is not spelt with double n in the notice of Frank Wright's funeral below.)
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 23 April 1936 p 1 Family Notices
The Friends or the late Mr Frank of Strathconon Tullamarine are respectfully informed that his funeral will ... 3532 words


Tullamarine Sale.
Koast, Morris and Miles will, on Tuesday, 27th inst., at 2 p.m., hold a
clearing sale at Tullamarine, on account of Mr. John Mansfield, "Grandview," junction of Bulla and Broad
meadows roads. The horses, cattle, farming implements and 200 tons of hay will be included. The horses and cattle are all of the best stamp, the implements are those used on a first class farm, there is a quantity of harness, and the hay includes 130 tons oaten and 70 tons wheaten. Time can be arranged to remove the hay at a
purchaser's convenience. An inspection of the lots may be had prior to the day of sale.
(Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 15 March 1917 p 2 Advertising.)


CAMP HILL.
Another careless click has just lost 70 minutes of work so the replacement will be much briefer;actually my ancient computer actually clicks itself at times!

On 31-7-1843, Eyre Evans Kenny was granted crown allotment 4, section 4 of 300 acres at the south west corner of the parish of Tullamarine. It was bounded by the line of Sharps Rd, Broadmeadows Rd,roughly the line of Sycamore Ave, and the Moonee Ponds Creek.He later acquired J.Dunbar's c/a 3 section 4 of 150 acres between his grant and Dunn's future Viewpoint. Kenny was getting on a bit and when Macedon road (Melrose Drive)was "the great road to the diggings" he sold the land between Bulla Rd and Broadmeadows Rd, a speculator later having plans to establish a village on it, called,if I remember properly, Greenwich or Gretna Green.

FRIDAY, 4th MARCH.
Important and extensive sale of eighty acres of fine arable land in the Parish of Tullamarine, in allotments suited to the requirements of small capitalists and others.
SYMONS & PERRY
Are favored with instructions from the owner, Colonel Kenny, to sell by auction, at his residence, Camp Hill, on the road to the Lady of the Lake Hotel, on FRIDAY, 4th INST., Immediately after the sale of Household
Furniture,ALL that portion of the Colonel's well-known and valuable Estate lying on the western side of the Mount Macedon Road,consisting of a magnificent triangular block of land, containing about 80 Acres of prime Agricultural Land, being portion of Allotment No. 4, of Portion No. 4, in the Parish of Tullamarine, subdivided for the greater convenience of purchasers, into Three convenient Farms of equal size, about 20* acres, more or less each. -all having frontages to the great leading road to Mount Macedon and the Gold Fields, immediately opposite the entrance to Colonel Kenny's residence.
Title unquestionable.
The public are respectfully informed that,for agricultural or market garden purposes, for building sites, or for the pursuits of trading, the above property is particularly well suited, containing fertile soil with the advantages of a cleared and unencumbered surface on the most important road in the Colony. Thus presenting to the trader an opportunity of obtaining his stand where the richly-laden Gold-Digger will be delighted to refresh himself, and expend a portion of His rapidly acquired fortune.The astonishing increase of population in
this locality, the majority of whom are compelled to pay the license for occupying Crown Lands, is in itself a guarantee that investment in the above property will afford handsome profits and quick returns. (P.10, Argus, 3-3-1853.)


20/26- This could have been 26 acres, but as stated, I did not correct the digitisation of this and some other pieces from the actual article. If it wasn't it should have been, because Mansfield's triangle was assessed in Keilor ratebooks as 26+52(2x26)+11 acres, the 11 acres being north of about Sycamore Ave on crown allotment 3 of section 4.

great road- The government spent a fortune in 1854 building the road to Mt Alexander, including Brees' bridge at Keilor. What we now know as the Calder Highway probably did not exist in 1847 when the Macedon road was surveyed by Hoddle; to get to Mt Aitken, John Aitken crossed the river at Solomon's ford and followed the east branch of the Kororoit Creek to the north.(City of Hume Heritage Study?) Following the construction of the route through Keilor,traffic past Camp Hill declined, apart from diggers heading to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote who made Broadmeadows Township a lively place. Bulla had even lost its mail delivery, the Portland mail carrier going through Keilor rather than leaving Bulla mail with Tulip Wright on the way through; the protest of Peter Young of Nairn having little effect. The mail carrier did not require a bridge so much and this change of route happened before 1854; passing through Keilor,he could then use Ballarat Road (Keilor-Melton Highway.) A township sprang up at "The Gap" and soon outgrew Sunbury, which like Bulla,became a sleepy Hollow. (BULLA BULLA I.W.Symonds.)

population- As well as buyers of farmlets from Foster, Fawkner and Riddell (as discussed under the TULLAMARINE heading), the population increase was caused by all the crown allotments in the parish of Tullamarine having been granted by 1850, the majority in that year. Nobody in the vicinity was leasing from the Crown in 1853.

AND THE VILLAGE!(Excerpt only.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 27 January 1859 p 2 Advertising
MONDAY, JANUARY 31.
Gretna Green,
Opposite Colonel Kenny's Estate,
Parish of Tullamarine.
Subdivision of part of portion No.4 of Section 4, the property of A. M'Donald, Esq. Subdivided by the proprietor specially for the accommodation and convenience of newly-arrived couples, carriers, little shopkeepers, farm laborers, gardeners, and Immigrants. All pegged off at you go along just on the other side
of the toll-bar
, Deep Creek-road.


I had presumed that the toll bar was on the site of the Junction Hotel but the above seems to indicate that it was near Caterpillar (Drive?), the original east end of Sharps Rd. This would catch anyone wanting to take Sharps Rd (Keilor Shire), Melrose Drive (To Bulla Shire) or Mickleham Rd (Broadmeadows Shire.)

This sold land was assessed by Keilor Shire in parcels of 26, 52 and 11 acres, and with all eventually coming into the ownership of Sam Mansfield,the locals called it Mansfield's Triangle. This made Camp Hill 361 acres with today's Camp Hill Park (minus the plaque on the boulder, about which I've alerted Hume Council)at its north west corner.

The oldest ratebook found in the City of Broadmeadows' strongroom in 1988, that of 1863, assessed a bloke named Brown on Camp Hill. What had happened to Kenny, after whom Eyre and Kenny Sts in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadow) were named? And who was this Brown (with the famous daughter!)?

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 20 September 1861 p 4 Family Notices
KENNY.-On the 19th inst., at Camp Hill, in his seventy-eighth year, Lieut.-Colonel Eyre Evans Kenny, late of the 80th ...

WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO BUILD AUSTRALIA No. 3 of Series: Pattie Deakin
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated
BORN at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, Victoria, on that momentous day, January 1, 1863, when Abraham Lincoln pro-
claimed the freedom of the American slaves, the daughter of Elizabeth and Hugh Junor Browne, little Pattie spent her infancy there, and came to Melbourne at the age of four. "One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows, the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat them."

Both parents were born of preachers, her father being the only son of the Rev.Archibald Browne, first preacher of St.Andrew's, Demerara, whre a monument is erected to his memory on account of his work for anti-slavery ; and her mother the daughter of the Rev. John Turner, of Taunton, Devonshire. Her father was educated at Edinburgh Academy, and her mother at Dieppe, in France, where she was born. Her father's relatives were all militarymen, some of high rank, serving with great distinction in the Indian Mutiny; and her mother's only brother was the distinguished Dr. George Turner; of Iowa, U.S.A.

With such forbears the fearless nature of the little, girl, which early manifested
itself, is understandable. In 1867 the family moved to Victoria Parade, Melbourne, where Hugh Junor Browne became a prosperous merchant etc.

When the hunt rode across Camp Hill from Dunn's to Hall's in 1888, David Williamson was the occupant,leasing from Hay Lonie. David was probably a brother of George and Andrew Williamson of Fairview; George died at Camp Hill in 1892.The Gilligans of Bulla (who lived close to Hay's Lochton), soon after bought Camp Hill,possibly after Hay had drowned. It was claimed by some that Hay had committed suicide but a broken tooth indicated that he may have fallen into the Yarra after being mugged, as financial difficulties, sadness and intoxication were not factors.

MELBOURNE MARKETS. THURSDAY, JAN. 5.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 6 January 1888 p 7
. Mr D Williamson, Camp Hill Tullamarine
MELBOURNE MARKETS. WEDNESDAY, OCT. 13. THE MILLS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 October 1886 p 10
Mr David Williamson, Camp Hill, Tullamarine,

DEATH OF MR LONIE.
Mr Hay Lonie, whose lamented death we alluded to last week, was an old colonist, having arrived here in the year 1854 , being then 12 years old, he was born 22nd November 1842 at Cooperfife, Scotland. He was at the Ovens a short time after his arrival and at the age of 16 years he started dairying about Preston, and in 1868 he was the largest dairyman in the colony, as he was then milking 800 cows at Pasture Hill*1, Campbellfield.

Soon after 1868 Mr.Lonie bought the Golden Vein property in this district from the late Mr.L. Bourke, M.P. , which property he added to very considerably later on. About 12 years ago, he permanently settled in this
district, and at the time of his death he held about 6,500 acres, principally in Moranding, and he also
retained Camp Hill property Tullamarine, and Lochton, Bulla*2. He leaves three in family, the eldest boy being 18 years of age, one girl of 9 years, and Mrs R. G. Hudson, of Kilmore; from all the circumstances related, above as to his property it would appear that the rather vague rumors set abroad as to his position, are unfounded. We may say the feeling of sympathy for Mrs Lonie and family has been very great, and the respect in
which deceased was held was evinsced by the large number who attended the funeral on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Allison had the funeral arrangements at the Melbourne end and Mr Bossence took charge locally.
(P.2, Kilmore Free Press, 29-12-1892.)

(*1. Pasture Hill, containing 383 acres and 10 perches, was bounded by Pascoe Vale Rd,and Camp Rd east to a line that bisects the lake in Jack Roper Reserve,with the south east corner being that of Wallace Reserve. (Melway 6 H 10-11 to 7 B 10-11.)Boundaries based on knowledge of Will Will Rook crown allotment boundaries and a map on page 78 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY showing the 1874 sale/subdivision of the estate of the late Donald Kennedy, between Camp Rd and Rhodes Pde., into Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm (both bought by John Kerr Snr who built the historic Kerrsland which is part of Penola College)and Glenroy Farm.

*2. Lochton, north of the line of Somerton Rd and between the north-south part of Wildwood Rd and Deep Creek (Melway 177 C4) was crown allotment 5A of the parish of Bulla Bulla, consisting of 354 acres.

TUESDAY, 11th MARCH, CLEARING SALE at "CAMP HILL," TULLAMARINE, On the Bulla-road, 7 Miles from Melbourne.
McPHAIL BROS. and Co. have received Instructions from Messrs. T. (and) A. Gilligan to SELL, on the
above date, at Uolte o'clock, their DAIRY CATTLE, DRAUGHT HORSES. FARMING PLANT, HAY, &c (P.4, Argus,1-3-1913.)

HALL'S (SOUTHWAITE!!!!)
In travelling from Camp Hill into Hall's,the hunt went from the parish of Tullamarine into the parish of Doutta Galla after doing the reverse when they crossed from Crotty's into Williamson's. The railway line was not there and wouldn't be there for 40 years. Sid Lloyd was the one who told me about South Wait, or it might have been his older brother George who wrote MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952. Nobody could tell me how the name came about. I had trouble getting "hall,tullamarine" on trove so I tried Howse, tullamarine and struck gold.

IN MEMORIAM.
HOWSE.In loving memory of our dear mother Ellen Howse who died on the 18th November,1900 at "Southwaite" Tullamarine. (P.1, Argus, 18-11-1910.


So much for my theory that Southwaite resulted from a one lane bridge over the 1928 Albion-Jacana railway requiring those travelling south (or approaching from the south)to wait. Was the name bestowed by John Hall?

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 May 1880 p 1 Family Notices
HALL. -On the 17th, at her residence, Southwaite, near Essendon, the wife of John Hall of a son. Both doing, well.

My great grandfather, John Cock, arrived in 1864 as an labourer indentured to John Hall for three years. The birth of his child shortly after his arrival was registered in the area, so he was almost certainly working for John Hall on Southwaite. By 1888, he was a prominent citizen and the "shameful" fact of having been an indentured servant was concealed by a claim in his VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS PAST AND PRESENT biography that he arrived in 1867 and leased a farm (Broombank) for 15 years etc. John Cock's time on Southwaite explains the Cock/Howse family connection.

John Hall was granted 22D, Doutta Galla, consisting of 42 acres 2 roods 24 perches on 17-2-1865. The south west boundary was Bulla Rd which can be plotted with a line joining Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive. The eastern boundary can be plotted by extending Nomad Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, section 23 (St John's) being to the east.The northern boundary of 22D is the aerodrome boundary south of the Tasman Avenue houses.

John Purnell was granted 22B of 65 acres 3 roods 15 perches which now includes the Malvern Avenue area (which probably became part of Camp Hill/Gowanbrae from 1928 when the railway was built;Malvern Avenue is named after the Malvern Star bicycles which would have been built on Gowanbrae if a siding had been provided by the railways. Bruce Small later became Sir Bruce Small of the Gold Coast who publicised his tourist destination by bringing meter maids to Melbourne. John Hall purchased Purnell's grant making a total of 108 acres 1 rood 39 perches.

Another Doutta Galla map available online,is a shambles, namely:
[Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla - National Library of ...
nla.gov.au/nla.map-rm2741-90‎
Victoria. Dept. of Crown Lands and Survey. [Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla [cartographic material] 1860 - 1880. MAP RM 2741/90.

It shows, east of 22BC, Stevenson (of "Niddrie") 300 acres, Hodgson 225 acres (the land that Stevenson's "enemy", Robert McDougall of "Arundel" had occupied but with an incorrect eastern boundary) and a huge area north of both fronting the creek and a south boundary linking Moore St, Airport West, with the creek near the Mascoma St, Strathnaver Ave. corner. This area is labelled John Hall and no acreage is given.Why?

Section 23, St John's, consisted of 525 acres, accounted for by the land owned by Stevenson and Hodgson. Therefore Southwaite could not possibly have been on section 23.Another minor detail is the boundary shown between the west and east parts of St Johns. In the above map,it is a line due north from the bend in perimeter Rd (16 E8) to the Mascoma/Strathnaver corner. Title documents V.246 f.841 and V.246 f.901 show that the actual boundary went n.n.w. through the bend in Perimeter Rd, through the Strathaird/Mennara corner to Lamart St and then northeast through the Mascoma/Woolart corner to the creek.
These two documents and V.246 f.842 (re the 26 acre triangle bounded by Nomad and Wirraway Rds with a southern boundary indicated by the bend in Larkin St)give the total acreage as (310+206+26=542acres), 17 acres too many.
This can be partly explained by Dunn's farm,leased from Sir John Franklin, which was thought to be entirely in section 23 but actually contained the northern 12 acres of section 15 purloined by John Murray Peck of Lebanon.
Therefore the various Lands Department clerks were only 5 acres out, based on what they knew. Not like the draftsman who drew the 1860-1880 map and invented another roughly 108 acres to fit "Southwaite" (22BD) into St John's.

THE PROPERTIES at the start of my TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT includes rate information heading north along Bulla Rd. Right side. St John's (Stevenson,Taylor)300 ac., South Wait(sic)(Hall, Howse)100 ac., Camp Hill (Kenny, Brown, Lonie,Williamson,Gilligan, Morgan, Scott who called it Gowanbrae, Small,Cowan) 366 acres, etc.

PECK, KERNAN, NAPIER.
By 1888, Strathmore was well and truly caught up in the land boom. I'll repeat the end of my summary.

Scampering parallel with Melrose Drive,the terrified creature would have passed through Lonie's "Camp Hill",and east sou' easterly through John Hall's (later Jack Howse's "South Wait", now Strathmore Heights to the east end of Caravelle and Tasman.)It probably kept to the south east bank of the Moonee Ponds Creek passing through St John's,firstly through Henry Stevenson's paddock and then Robert McDougall's*.(*See below.) It then cut south past Peck's Lebanon (Wendora St,built 1882) and John Kernan's (probably near Loeman St) before crossing the line of Glenbervie/Uplands Rd into Napier's 100 acres.
N.B. There is no way Kernan could have had land north of Peck who added the northernmost 12 acres of 15 Doutta Galla to Lebanon without paying for a lease or purchase.(Google "strathmore, 12 acres, sir john franklin".)

* Harry Peck refers to Harry Stevenson and Robert McDougall as being neighbours in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. This seems strange because "Niddrie" and "Arundel" are miles apart but they did have neighbouring paddocks in Strathmore North.(Google "strathmore, stevenson, mcdougall, shorthorns".)

I am all worn out now so try getting Bruce Barber's website, to which I contributed many years ago, by googling the names in bold type above (first two results.) You'll also find some journals I've written about Strathmore since the nuclear explosion or whatever turned me into itellya.



SURNAMES IN THIS JOURNAL'S SURNAME LIST.
ANDERSON ANNAND CONNOR CROFT CROTTY DELAHEY DEWAR DUNN FERGUSON FOSTER HALL HARRICK HILL HOFFMAN KERNAN LONIE MAIN McCRACKEN NAPIER O'NEIL PECK PHELAN ROBERTSON SHARP STEVENSON WATSON WILLIAMSON WILSON WRIGHT BEALE

ADDITIONAL SURNAMES.
CONNOR, MCNAB, WILLIAMS, HEAPS, LLOYD, BLACKWELL, REDDAN, NASH, LEWIS, PARR, WALDOCK, SMITH, SNOWBALL, SWAN, TAYLOR,BOYD, ROBINSON, BEALE, FULLARTON, MORRIS, FAWKNER,DUHY, CURRY, CROOKE, MILLAR, McINTYRE, DUTTON,MORAN, HENDERSON,COX, COLLIER, MORGAN,STEELE,JOHNSON, THOMAS,McNAMARA, LAVERTY, McCORMACK,BRANNIGAN, REDDAN,GRIST, COCK, LOFT, O'NIAL,RIDDELL,HAMILTON,HOWSE,McDOUGALL,BUTLER,GREEN,KILBURN, RORKE,BEAMAN,MOUNSEY,BLANCHE, CAMPBELL, DENHAM, MILBURN,HURREN,GILBERTSON, DOYLE,MURPHY,FOX,GERAGHTY, HENDRY, MANSFIELD,DONOVAN, SPIERS, ELLIS,LOCKHART,BREES,PETER, ROWE,HANDLEN,WILLIAMS,TENNIEL,SAGE,JUDD, GOODWIN,PURVIS,HOLLAND,SEELEY

RESUME AT "DEWAR'S"

10 comment(s), latest 4 months, 2 weeks ago

1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (1), VIC., AUST. (Pages 17-20.)

I couldn't remember the name of the timber business that operated on lot 1 of the Hindhope Estate on the west corner of Pt Nepean Rd and First Avenue at Rosebud. But I knew exactly where I could find out. The answer is on page 24 of the souvenir and although not painted green in 1954, the building looks much the same now as when H.and J.Hancock were running their timber and hardware store.

An Argus Souvenir of THE PENINSULA ARGUS FREE PHOTOS
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

As I scrolled through the pages, I realised that a summary of the contents, including advertisements, might be of value to family historians and local historians, who might not be directed to the souvenir on trove when they enter the surname being researched. The digitisation of "bronzed Peter Logan" which I pasted below,illustrates why trove will produce NO RESULTS when there could actually be many.Photos will not be mentioned unless they include named people or buildings.
ADV.=Advertisements ART.=Articles.

Page 17.
ADV. Colortone Brick Ltd., Cranbourne Rd, Frankston. Peninsula Bus Lines Ltd.
ART. Happy memories of the bay with photos of camper surname signs at Rosebud, Diane Mahoney and Judith
Murray at Rosebud, and Maureen O'Sullivan and bronted Pater Logan at Mt Martha. (Maureen's companion was "bronzed Peter Logan"!)

Page 18.
ADV. Warner & Robertson, 66 Main St, Mornington (Real Estate). Rowley Bros, Rye and Flinders (Butchers.)
Penders Newsagency, Main St Mornington. F.Woodcock, watchmaker and jeweller, Nepean Hwy, Rye.
Patersons(electrical), 563-7 Bay St, Frankston, with pictures of fridge and washing machine models.
The Rye Pharmacy, S.S.Goble, between pier and post office, with Southern Peninsula Bookshop in the Pharmacy.
(Pauline Powell of the Rye Historical Society has written a detailed history of this shop and its proprietors.)
George E.Davies &Co. Real Estate, Nepean Hwy (next P.O.) Rosebud.
Rye Fruit Supply, S.& E.Gillies, Nepean Hwy, Rye. Wine at Ritchie's of Frankston.
ART. YACHTING. Need for safe anchorages-Frankston (Kananook)Creek the best but mouth silts up-clubs at Frankston (Fletcher, Steele, McConville), Mornington (Hall, Willey, Berry, Moorhead, Burriss), and Sorrento (Mrs E.Brabin).

Page 19.
ADV. E.H.Goss, builder, Sorrento and pictures of some of his buildings including Delgany and a Frankston church.
ART. Photos of Fletcher's yacht and scenes at Mornington pier with captions re fishing etc.

Page 20.
ADV. Sorrento Building Supply, Bowen Rd (no proprietors named.) Point Hardware and Joinery, 51 Main St, Mornington with picture of store (Prop. names possibly on sign.)
Powell motor body repairs, Phone Frankston 1709.
Hanton's Pharmacy of Frankston.
Bill Freeman's Saturday dances at The Phillip Ballroom, Pt Nepean Highway, Rosebud West.* ( This was on the site of the new service station on the west corner of Truemans Rd. It was later used as a roller skating rink. An excellent article about the ballroom and its proprietors appeared in the Rye Historical Society newsletter. It might have been the only ballroom on the peninsula at the time but Reg? Henderson operated a ballroom at some time in the Henderson Real Estate building on the west corner of Murray Anderson Rd at Rosebud.)
Norm Wood, shoe retailer, 104 Main St, Mornington. Mornington Ice and Cordial Works, 12 Garden St.
Harmsworth Stores (McCrae P.O., newsagency, drapery, hardware).
NU Peninsula Dry Cleaners, 111 Main St, Mornington.
Frankston Blind Co (manufacturers and retailers), 580 Bay St.
ART.
Come fishing (photo of Cynthia Bliss)with details and secrets about fishing. Old Ted McComb (photo), veteran fisherman who had rescued over 30 people on the bay, told of his rescues which involved Constable Stephenson, Gregory, Burton, Middleton, Grice.)

* RE "THE PHILLIP". The ballroom was not right on the Truemans Rd corner. The following, written by Dick Rowley who moved into 1839 Pt Nepean Rd, west of the ballroom,in 1955, was published in the July-September 2011 issue of the Rye Historical Society newsletter.
In 1946 John Ditchburn built a shop and residence for H.G.D.Maxwell at 1807 Point Nepean Road on the corner of Truemans Road, Tootgarook. The Maxwell family Gwynn and Blanche and children, Jeff, Merlin and Janice lived behind in the residence. The shop proved to be a success from the start with the locals, passing trade and campers. The shop was extended three times over the years. In 1951 the family moved and started a caravan park in Woyna Avenue. (Just across Truemans Rd.)

From 1951 to 1955 the Speakman family were the proprietors. Their daughter Jan worked in the shop and later married Chris Cairns. (No mention is made of who ran the store between 1955 and 1960.) The store was later run by Maurice and Shirley Joseph (1960-5)who had three children, and Merv and Shirley Drew (1865-73), whose children were Jeff, Janice, Annette, Jillian and Robyn. Later proprietors are detailed.

In 1960,a small shop was built between Max's Corner Store and the Phillip ballroom, and for two years it was operated as a cake shop by Mrs Garner and Mrs Foster.Keith and Gwen Found then ran it from 1963-5 as a fruit and vegetable shop, from there they moved to Rosebud where they opened Found's Furniture Shop.

Operating as a take-away food shop for the last ten years by Mark and Nina,it was demolished in 2010 revealing the Swallow's Biscuits and Medallion (lemonade)signs on the west wall of the original store.



I'm breaking this journal into parts to limit the number of surnames and prevent them disappearing from the surnames list. These are the surnames entered in the surname list:
MAHONEY,O'SULLIVAN,MURRAY,LOGAN,WARNER, ROBERTSON, ROWLEY,PENDER, WOODCOCK, PATERSON, GOBLE, POWELL, DAVIES, GILLIES, RITCHIE, FLETCHER, STEELE, McCONVILLE, HALL, WILLEY, BERRY, MOORHEAD, BURRISS, BRABIN, GOSS, HANTON,FREEMAN, HENDERSON,WOOD,HARMSWORTH, BLISS, McCOMB, STEPHENSON, GREGORY, BURTON,MIDDLETON,GRICE,

1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (2), VIC., AUST. (PAGES 21-23.)

An Argus Souvenir of THE PENINSULA ARGUS FREE PHOTOS
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

This continues on from the first journal that summarised details on pages 17-20.
ADV= Advertisements, ART= Article. Businesses will not be mentioned unless they include an address or name, except where extra detail can be supplied.

Page 21.
ADV.
Sorrento Hotel, W.B.Roseman. J.G.Taylor, canvas worker, 1 Main St, Mornington.
Rye Ice and Fuel Supply, Napier St, Rye. ( This was on the site of the R.S.L. car park. See Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 which includes anecdotes from former pupils including a descendant of the supplies' owner.)
Rye Cake Kitchen, Nepean Hwy, next to jeweller.
Model Beach House at Mt Eliza(not involving locals.)
ART.
The Campers-Even the Kitchen sink.(Bert Deacon, Carlton F.C.great and his colony of 21 people from Preston; Mr.G.Armstrong, sec. of the Rosebud foreshore trust; Maslen, Riddell, Evans, Purcell,Spencer, Watkins, Stokes, Cairns, Walker, Charles, Sutherland.)

Page 22.
ADV. Johnston's Menswear of Mornington. Bayside Electrical Service, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud West.
Hilltop Estate, Hughes Rd, near Koonya Beach, Archer Real Estate.
F.E.Wood, Real Estate, opposite lighthouse, Nepean Hwy. ( Wood St, between Eighth and Ninth Avenue, Is named after Forrest Edmond (Joe) Wood, a Flinders Shire councillor, who was very active regarding the foreshore and the new hall at Rosebud,lived in the McCrae Homestead. He probably operated his business, which also involved a store, from one of the shops near the pedestrian lights.)
Max Searle, furniture maker, 9 Gordon St, Mornington.
Littleton Bros., General Store and Newsagent, Nepean Hwy, Dromana.
N.M.Bartley, chemist, Sorrento.
Lynwood Dairy, A.J.Parker and Son, 15 Vancouver St, Mornington. Possibly members of the pioneering Parker family of Parkdale. If I remember correctly, there was a big dairy in Lyndhurst that replaced many small dairies when pasteurisation became a requirement and Lynwood implies a connection.
ART.
Sage's Cottage has been in the news lately with the Menzies Foundation ending its connection as an economy measure. In 1954, the cottage, "Eurutta" was still occupied by Thomas Holden Sage 83, and his sister, Miss Ellen Amynta Sage 87, who had lived in the cottage for almost 80 years.Their uncle was surveyor, Robert Hoddle, and Benjamin Baxter, whose Carrup Carrup homestead was demolished in about 1951, was their grandfather. The article discusses the involvement in the infant settlement of Melbourne of Ben Baxter and his wife, and momentoes such as John Batman's rocking chair and Hoddle's survey chain. The photo of the pair is of poor quality.

Harry McComb,the 91 year old son of Frankston's founder, Thomas McComb, told how Thomas had been the mate on a windjammer that sailed to Tasmania in 1833 but deserted his ship and married Grace in 1844 before later being attracted to Victoria by the goldrush and settling at Frankston to work as a fisherman. Grace was the area's midwife and walked miles with her babe in arms to gather support for a government school.
John McComb of Carrum/Seaford, who was almost certainly a descendant of Thomas, was the last to farm Hindhope at Rosebud circa 1913 and it is a pity that McCombe St near Rosebud Plaza was given the wrong spelling in the subdivision plan.

Arthurs Seat-Superb View has an unclear photo of Dromana and surrounds and discusses the naming and history of the mountain and the panorama it provides.

Page 23.
ADV.
Redman's Timber and Hardware, Sorrento. The Oriental Hotel, Main St, Sorrento, R.J.&G.Popple.
Mornington Sports and Electrical, 110 Main St, Mornington.
Molyneux, frocks and hats by Arlene, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud,just near the hotel.
Arthur Moore, builder,78 Dandenong Rd, Frankston, established 1933.
Smith's Hardware, J.& V.Nettleton, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud.
G.S.Frean &Ride, timber and hardware, Barkly St, Mornington.
Mornington Peninsula Agricultural Society Annual Show 9-1-1954.
ART.
Sorrento's 1803 settlement. Mr.H.J.Leggett of "The Oaks", a fine old home near the settlement site, had spent 25 years since buying his property preserving the graves and collecting relics such as a 1793 cognac bottle and portions of the wooden casks that collected fresh water beneath the beach sand.The first birth,divine service, marriage, business, and burials in the (future)state involved the THORN,KNOPWOOD,HARVEY,GARRETT BLINKWORTH and SKILLMORE surnames.

William Buckley,the wild white man. Photo of Mrs Dennis (Leggett's grand daughter) of "The Oaks" holding spears that had come from Buckley's tribe. Contains a claim that Buckley was sleeping when discovered by the aborigines near Queenscliff. Without realising it, he was sleeping on the grave of an honoured chief, which in combination with his white skin, made the aborigines revere him.

To be continued in 1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (3.)

ROSEMAN, TAYLOR, DEACON, ARMSTRONG, MASLEN, RIDDELL, EVANS, PURCELL, SPENCER, WATKINS,STOKES, CAIRNS, WALKER,CHARLES, SUTHERLAND, JOHNSTON, ARCHER, WOOD, SEARLE, LITTLETON, BARTLEY, PARKER, SAGE, HODDLE, BAXTER, McCOMB,REDMAN,POPPLE,MOORE, NETTLETON, FREAN, RIDE, LEGGETT,THORN,KNOPWOOD, HARVEY, GARRETT, BLINKWORTH, SKILLMORE, BUCKLEY,

1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (3), VIC., AUST. (PAGE 24 TO END)

An Argus Souvenir of THE PENINSULA ARGUS FREE PHOTOS
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

ADV.=Advertisements. ART.=Articles.

P.24.
ADV.
Motor Spares, 128 Young St, Frankston. McDonald's Rosebud Newsagency.
Jacobs& Lowe, Real Estate, 35 Main St, Mornington.
H&J Hancock timber and hardware, Rosebud. (West corner Nepean Hwy and First Avenue.)
G.C.Campbell,wrought iron, Truemans Rd, Rosebud West opp.bus stop 58,rear Campbell Town Flats also at Nepean Hwy, Rosebud next to Shell garage.
H.R.Woodward and Sons, butchers and graziers, established 50 years, Edithvale, Chelsea, Carrum, Frankston. Watch for opening of new shop at Rosebud shortly.
Rye Lands Estate Sale (Formerly Rye Golf Links, W.E.Prentice, Melb. As shown by the map the golf course/Estate was south of the township/cemetery and bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde. Young Bill Prentice would drive down every weekend and park his car at the end of Lyons St to use it as a sales office. He came to like Rye so much he opened his own office there.The McDonalds called their course the St George Links. (Rye Historical Society newsletter articles.)
ART.
Golf (Margaret Masters, Lach Stanes), facitities (Frankston Hospital, Mornington Pre-school), Reg Ansett's Manyung Hotel, formerly Sir John Grice's mansion, at Mt Eliza, the next Lithgow Flash (Lois Jackman of Frankston High.)

Page 25.
ADV.
N.H.MacPherson,real estate agent, Nepean Hwy, Dromana opposite pier, after hours phone Main Ridge 20. N.B. Part of the former course of Main Creek Rd in Melway 254 F-G1 is called MacPherson Lane.
McDonald's of Dromana, hardware and camping supplies, Nepean Hwy, Dromana. (It was Hinves and McDonald in the S&McD 1950 directory.)
George Austin, real estate, Frankston (photo of building.)Austin Rd in Melway 148 D3 was named after George according to Murray Gomm.
Rechter's Friendly Stores, Rosebud (a)Self Service near Murray Anderson Rd (b)Full Service Melbourne side of Boneo Rd.
June Frock Salon, Mrs June Wright prop., Nepean Hwy Rye opp. pier.
PHOTOS.
Dava Lodge golf course at Mt Martha, Busy Bay St at Frankston, two-time winner of the Mornington Cup trained by Noel McDonnell at Montana Stud next to the racecourse, Sorrento-Portsea surf lifesaving club members, Alby Morrison, star of Sorrento's premiership team at 45, and vice president Bill Roseman, with details about the M.P.F.L. and other V.F.L. and V.F.A. players (OLLE,WILSON,STAFFORD,KENNEDY)playing for Sorrento.

Page 26.
ADV.
Wilson's butcheries est.1853 (in Port Melbourne), photos of three shops, the third probably the one that stood at 10 McCulloch St, Dromana next to Beauvoir, and photos of Henry, Ben and Sam.Sam lived in 4 McCulloch St.
Rosebud Real Estate Agency and Holiday Bureau with photo looking very much like Henderson's building on the west corner of Murray Anderson Rd. (It is. See page 27.)
PHOTOS.
Reg Ansett's house (Norman Lodge?), crowd scene at Mornington races, Mrs Henty's round house on Olivers Hill.
ART.The show -Mr R.E.F.Woodward, President.Mr Gadsden of Four Winds (Melway 160 K12) had entered his prize ram.

Page 27.
ADV.
Austin sales and service -13 Young St Frankston & cnr Main and Barkly St, Mornington.
Gregory's pharmacy Rosebud right opposite the carnival. (Fred?) Gregory was a great member of the Rosebud community and the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce has erected his statue, trowel in hand, on a corner in the shopping strip.
Radios, Desmond Boyd, next newsagency, Rosebud.
Erlandson and Co.,Pier Store, Rye. (Pretty sure it should be Erlandsen, a descendant of Erland Erlandsen of Sorrento. The store, now a cafe,has been rebuilt.)
R.W.Riley, drapery and menswear, Back Beach Rd, Sorrento.
T.Electrics, Bay St, Frankston,right next to Snow's.
Peninsula Radio, 80 Main St, Mornington and Hotel building, Rosebud.
Cora Lynn Cafe, Nepean Hwy, Rye, M.&M.C.Milton.
Another Rosebud timber and hardware store (pictured.)
ART.
Building booms (Wakeham,Goss), the H.W.Wilson story*, Eric M.Hall and Peninsula Bus Lines, manufacturing process for colortone bricks, R.A.Leslie and Frankston Electric Service.
(*H.W.Wilson Jnr was actually Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson, a longtime shire councillor who took over the Sorrento branch of the business, In about 1905 he was building a new slaughteryard at Dromana with Mr (probably John)Townsend when his little son slipped into a seven foot deep waterhole. Henry waded into the murky water and brought out his son's lifeless body. See my John Townsend journal.
ESTATE PLUS TOURIST GUIDE. "Coupled with the growth of Rosebud, the Rosebud Estate Agency, under the guidance of Reg Henderson,commenced business about three years ago, and has been responsible for much of Rosebud's expansion. Apart from ordinary estate agency business, it also operates a tourist bureau."

Page 28.
ADV.
Peninsula Plate, Swann and Hudson,Ross Smith Avenue, Frankston.
Frankston Electric Service, 531 Bay St (See R.A.Leslie above.)
PHOTOS.
Portsea surf beach, Teddy Weeks and Marilyn King in boat with a huge schnapper they caught out of Mornington, the back beach pool at Sorrento, Mr and Mrs F.W.Cummings of East St Kilda out for a ramble at Sorrento.
ART.(Excerpt.)
Will the Duke go to the polo in Melbourne where some members of the Mornington Peninsula Polo Club will be in action? "Polo is one of the main sports on the Peninsula going ahead like wildfire. Since the old Mt. Eliza
Polo Club was re-formed about two years ago, great interest has been shown in the sport by people from not
only the Peninsula, but also from Melbourne. THE MEMBERSHIP of the new club has leapt to 100 and is still rising. The club conducts its matches in a lovely setting at Tuerong Park, Mornington.
It is the property of the club's secretary, Mr. J.V.Edgar. Mr, Edgar is one of the club's most experienced
players. Mr. A.H.L.Gibson is president of the club."
Tuerong Park was the majority of the pre-emptive right of the Tuerong Run with its historic homestead located at Melway 151 K3 being used as an office by Dromana Estate Vineyards which has produced a history of the property. The bend in Vineyard Lane is its south west corner and the end of Gillett Rd its south east corner.

McDONALD, JACOBS,LOWE,HANCOCK, CAMPBELL, WOODWARD,PRENTICE,MASTERS, STANES, ANSETT, GRICE, JACKMAN, MACPHERSON, McDONALD, HINVES, AUSTIN,RECHTER, WRIGHT,McDONNELL,MORRISON, OLLE, WILSON, STAFFORD, KENNEDY, ANSETT, HENTY, GADSDEN,GREGORY, BOYD, ERLANDSEN, SWANN, HUDSON, WEEKS, KING, CUMMINGS,EDGAR, GIBSON.
.

A CORRECTION, JOHNSTON/JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE, RE BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST.

I suffer from local history dreams, usually at about dawn. There's a saying that you shouldn't believe everything you read, and that's exactly what I'm doing in my dreams, courtesy of the National Library of Australia. This morning's was a corker and related to a letter that I read on trove recently (while I was actually awake but should have been asleep.) McIntosh of Glenroy complained about his neighbour, George Gordon Cameron, his neighbour on the Glenroy Estate, spreading lies about (a)JOHNSTON becoming a papist and (b)the writer taking a drayload of his servants to the polling place at Pentridge after providing fraudulent property qualifications so they could be enrolled as voters.

In the dream Johnston stated that yes,he had a T in his name; it was not Johnson like that English fellow down at Greenvale. The dream was a wake-up call to do something about an assumption I had made in the 1990's while in correspondence with a member of the Johnson family of Greenvale (between Swain St and Providence Lane), Glendewar, Cumberland and Spring Park in Keilor Rd (Eastern half of the A.J.Davis Reserve and including Grange Rd/El Reno Crescent.) There are two books about the Johnson family at the historic Woodlands homestead,one title being forgotten* and the other SEEDS OF TIME.
(*P.S.ALWAYS A LADY. The author of both books was Keith Brown. My note on P.413 of THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.)

At the time I had assumed that the owner of Greenhill was the owner of the land on Machell's early subdivision north of Swain St that was later owned by Harry Swain. I thought the T in his name was a spelling mistake. Such mistakes were common. The name of McIntosh (above) was written three different ways by a correspondent whose article (which shows him and Cameron as neighbours) forms the basis of my journal WOW, FARMERS IN THE NORTH WEST. Dallemore, an insolvent stockholder of Bulla Bulla in 1856, was actually Dallimore. The street that formed part of the Young Queen Inn route to Sydney from today's Pascoe Vale Rd to Ardlie St was written on the Broadmeadows Township map (of 1855?) as JohnstonE Street* although it was probably named after John JohnsTon of Green Hill.
(*It may possibly have been named after Alexander Johnstone, a J.P. who overstepped his authority in
about 1849, or James Stewart Johnston,politician and alderman of Melbourne who co-owned the Argus with Edward Wilson and established the Craig Lee vineyard near Sunbury.)

Excuses may provide justification of errors but errors must be corrected. My dream was telling me to confirm or refute my assumption that John Johnson and John Johnston were the same person!

BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon,pages 45-8.
"We have noted that the inaugural meeting (of the Broadmeadows Road Board)was held at the Free Church School, the Chalmers' Institution" at Yuroke on 15 March 1858."
"John Johnston had a farm of about 100 acres, "Greenhill" at the northern end of Yuroke. He was a Road Board representative only until 1863 but remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70."
"We know the ages of only some of these men in 1858-Shankland and Stevenson were thirty eight and thirty nine respectively, (John)Cameron forty three and Johnston fifty one."

JOHNSTON On the 12th inst., at his residence, Greenhill, Euroke, Mr. John Johnston, aged 70 years.
(P.1, Argus,13-6-1877.)

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN JOHNSTON are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Bulla Cemetery. The funeral will leave his late residence, Greenhill, Euroke, to-morrow (Thursday), at 1 o'clock p.m.precisely.

BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.
1042 JOHNSTON John 70Y 00/00/1810 12/06/1877 14/06/1877 Presb. 3 31 Son of John Johnston & Jane Henderson. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1043 JOHNSTON (nee HENDERSON) Jane 60Y 00/00/1810 27/06/1871 29/06/1871 Presb. 3 31 Daughter of John Henderson & Jane Wallace Miller. Born in MIDL'.

CHALMER'S Academy, Euroke.-This academy was examined by a committee of the Free Church Presbytery of Melbourne on Tuesday, the 11th instant, in presence of a large assembly of parents and others interested in the welfare of the institution. The examination of the pupils embraced the various departments of English, Biblical know-
ledge, grammar, geography, history (ancient and modern), chronology, with mental and written arithmetic.

Throughout the large and commodious school-hall numerous specimens of plain and ornamental penmanship and map-drawing were displayed, many of "which reflected the highest credit, alike upon teacher and scholar; while the chairman's table, which really seemed to groan beneath its precious burden of prizes, was happily relieved by the lighter exhibition of numerous pieces of plain and fancy needlework. Among the specimens of work thus exposed, we were particularly gratified by the following, as evidencing the advanced progress of the youth
attending this seminary, viz. : specimens of ornamental penmanship, by Master Hugh C.Johnston ; do., Master Ewen M. Stewart ; map of Italy, by Master Henry Cooper ; do. United States, by Master James Macpherson ; do. Palestine, by Master James Hearn ; pieces of crochet work, by Miss Susanna Johnston.(P.5, Argus,20-12-1855.)

JOHNSON. (BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.)
1037 JOHNSON James Alexander 39Y 28/06/1874 28/09/1913 30/09/1913 C of E 9 15 Third son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in 'Glendewar', Tullamarine, Victoria, Australia.
1038 JOHNSON John 81Y 24/09/1866 14/03/1948 16/03/1948 C of E 9 17 Son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1039 JOHNSON William 60Y 16/04/1904 17/06/1964 00/06/1964 Presb. 8 5 Son of John Lewis Johnson & Lillian Gertrude Perry. Died in Essendon, Victoria, Australia.
1040 JOHNSON (nee HICKOX) Blanche Georgina Toogood 78Y 00/00/1873 12/07/1951 13/07/1951 C of E 9 17 Daughter of Frederick Phillipson Hickox & Anne Maria Cox. Born in Clunes, died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1041 JOHNSON (nee HIND) Olive May 72Y 18/04/1913 20/02/2006 00/02/2006 Presb. 8 5 Daughter of Ernest Edward Hind & Annie Tippins. Born in Stawell, Victoria, Australia.

The Mansfield family of Tullamarine was related to the Johnsons of Glendewar and Cumberland. Neil Mansfield's THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY has genealogical information and photos of the family from page 401. A photo of Lilian Minnie Hickox in front of the beautiful Cumberland homestead is on page 445. Neil did not give much past genealogy of the Johnsons but Keith Brown certainly did in the two books available for perusal at the Woodlands Homestead; there are photos of the Spring Park mansion in one of them.