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1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (3), VIC., AUST. (PAGE 24 TO END)

An Argus Souvenir of THE PENINSULA ARGUS FREE PHOTOS
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

ADV.=Advertisements. ART.=Articles.

P.24.
ADV.
Motor Spares, 128 Young St, Frankston. McDonald's Rosebud Newsagency.
Jacobs& Lowe, Real Estate, 35 Main St, Mornington.
H&J Hancock timber and hardware, Rosebud. (West corner Nepean Hwy and First Avenue.)
G.C.Campbell,wrought iron, Truemans Rd, Rosebud West opp.bus stop 58,rear Campbell Town Flats also at Nepean Hwy, Rosebud next to Shell garage.
H.R.Woodward and Sons, butchers and graziers, established 50 years, Edithvale, Chelsea, Carrum, Frankston. Watch for opening of new shop at Rosebud shortly.
Rye Lands Estate Sale (Formerly Rye Golf Links, W.E.Prentice, Melb. As shown by the map the golf course/Estate was south of the township/cemetery and bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde. Young Bill Prentice would drive down every weekend and park his car at the end of Lyons St to use it as a sales office. He came to like Rye so much he opened his own office there.The McDonalds called their course the St George Links. (Rye Historical Society newsletter articles.)
ART.
Golf (Margaret Masters, Lach Stanes), facitities (Frankston Hospital, Mornington Pre-school), Reg Ansett's Manyung Hotel, formerly Sir John Grice's mansion, at Mt Eliza, the next Lithgow Flash (Lois Jackman of Frankston High.)

Page 25.
ADV.
N.H.MacPherson,real estate agent, Nepean Hwy, Dromana opposite pier, after hours phone Main Ridge 20. N.B. Part of the former course of Main Creek Rd in Melway 254 F-G1 is called MacPherson Lane.
McDonald's of Dromana, hardware and camping supplies, Nepean Hwy, Dromana. (It was Hinves and McDonald in the S&McD 1950 directory.)
George Austin, real estate, Frankston (photo of building.)Austin Rd in Melway 148 D3 was named after George according to Murray Gomm.
Rechter's Friendly Stores, Rosebud (a)Self Service near Murray Anderson Rd (b)Full Service Melbourne side of Boneo Rd.
June Frock Salon, Mrs June Wright prop., Nepean Hwy Rye opp. pier.
PHOTOS.
Dava Lodge golf course at Mt Martha, Busy Bay St at Frankston, two-time winner of the Mornington Cup trained by Noel McDonnell at Montana Stud next to the racecourse, Sorrento-Portsea surf lifesaving club members, Alby Morrison, star of Sorrento's premiership team at 45, and vice president Bill Roseman, with details about the M.P.F.L. and other V.F.L. and V.F.A. players (OLLE,WILSON,STAFFORD,KENNEDY)playing for Sorrento.

Page 26.
ADV.
Wilson's butcheries est.1853 (in Port Melbourne), photos of three shops, the third probably the one that stood at 10 McCulloch St, Dromana next to Beauvoir, and photos of Henry, Ben and Sam.Sam lived in 4 McCulloch St.
Rosebud Real Estate Agency and Holiday Bureau with photo looking very much like Henderson's building on the west corner of Murray Anderson Rd. (It is. See page 27.)
PHOTOS.
Reg Ansett's house (Norman Lodge?), crowd scene at Mornington races, Mrs Henty's round house on Olivers Hill.
ART.The show -Mr R.E.F.Woodward, President.Mr Gadsden of Four Winds (Melway 160 K12) had entered his prize ram.

Page 27.
ADV.
Austin sales and service -13 Young St Frankston & cnr Main and Barkly St, Mornington.
Gregory's pharmacy Rosebud right opposite the carnival. (Fred?) Gregory was a great member of the Rosebud community and the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce has erected his statue, trowel in hand, on a corner in the shopping strip.
Radios, Desmond Boyd, next newsagency, Rosebud.
Erlandson and Co.,Pier Store, Rye. (Pretty sure it should be Erlandsen, a descendant of Erland Erlandsen of Sorrento. The store, now a cafe,has been rebuilt.)
R.W.Riley, drapery and menswear, Back Beach Rd, Sorrento.
T.Electrics, Bay St, Frankston,right next to Snow's.
Peninsula Radio, 80 Main St, Mornington and Hotel building, Rosebud.
Cora Lynn Cafe, Nepean Hwy, Rye, M.&M.C.Milton.
Another Rosebud timber and hardware store (pictured.)
ART.
Building booms (Wakeham,Goss), the H.W.Wilson story*, Eric M.Hall and Peninsula Bus Lines, manufacturing process for colortone bricks, R.A.Leslie and Frankston Electric Service.
(*H.W.Wilson Jnr was actually Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson, a longtime shire councillor who took over the Sorrento branch of the business, In about 1905 he was building a new slaughteryard at Dromana with Mr (probably John)Townsend when his little son slipped into a seven foot deep waterhole. Henry waded into the murky water and brought out his son's lifeless body. See my John Townsend journal.
ESTATE PLUS TOURIST GUIDE. "Coupled with the growth of Rosebud, the Rosebud Estate Agency, under the guidance of Reg Henderson,commenced business about three years ago, and has been responsible for much of Rosebud's expansion. Apart from ordinary estate agency business, it also operates a tourist bureau."

Page 28.
ADV.
Peninsula Plate, Swann and Hudson,Ross Smith Avenue, Frankston.
Frankston Electric Service, 531 Bay St (See R.A.Leslie above.)
PHOTOS.
Portsea surf beach, Teddy Weeks and Marilyn King in boat with a huge schnapper they caught out of Mornington, the back beach pool at Sorrento, Mr and Mrs F.W.Cummings of East St Kilda out for a ramble at Sorrento.
ART.(Excerpt.)
Will the Duke go to the polo in Melbourne where some members of the Mornington Peninsula Polo Club will be in action? "Polo is one of the main sports on the Peninsula going ahead like wildfire. Since the old Mt. Eliza
Polo Club was re-formed about two years ago, great interest has been shown in the sport by people from not
only the Peninsula, but also from Melbourne. THE MEMBERSHIP of the new club has leapt to 100 and is still rising. The club conducts its matches in a lovely setting at Tuerong Park, Mornington.
It is the property of the club's secretary, Mr. J.V.Edgar. Mr, Edgar is one of the club's most experienced
players. Mr. A.H.L.Gibson is president of the club."
Tuerong Park was the majority of the pre-emptive right of the Tuerong Run with its historic homestead located at Melway 151 K3 being used as an office by Dromana Estate Vineyards which has produced a history of the property. The bend in Vineyard Lane is its south west corner and the end of Gillett Rd its south east corner.

McDONALD, JACOBS,LOWE,HANCOCK, CAMPBELL, WOODWARD,PRENTICE,MASTERS, STANES, ANSETT, GRICE, JACKMAN, MACPHERSON, McDONALD, HINVES, AUSTIN,RECHTER, WRIGHT,McDONNELL,MORRISON, OLLE, WILSON, STAFFORD, KENNEDY, ANSETT, HENTY, GADSDEN,GREGORY, BOYD, ERLANDSEN, SWANN, HUDSON, WEEKS, KING, CUMMINGS,EDGAR, GIBSON.
.

A CHRONOLOGY OF GOWRIE PARK, CAMPBELLFIELD, VIC., AUST. AND ITS OWNERS, OCCUPANTS.

Gowrie or Gowrie Park was the southern half (320 acres) of section 5,Will Will Rook.

It fronted Hilton St, a government road,which the Oaklands Hunt apparently called Glenroy road.* The Morley St house blocks are just within the western boundary and the house blocks in Andrew and John Streets just within the northern boundary. Fairleigh St houses indicate the eastern boundary of section 5 and Gowrie Park. (Melway 17 B1 and F2, north to 7 B11 and the midpoint of the western boundary of the Melbourne Water Retarding Basin in 7 F12.)

(* Being set going again the pack continued north over the Glenroy-lane into Mr Robertson's, thence through Mr A Gibb's property on to the Broadmeadows-road**. Sunbury News and Bulla and Melton Advertiser (Vic. : 1892 - 1900) Saturday 1 September 1894 p 2 Article.) **If in Broadmeadows, today's Camp Rd was called Campbellfield road but if in Campbellfield,it would be called the Broadmeadows road.

REAL ESTATE.COM.
63-65 Gowrie Street Glenroy

BUY INTO HISTORY
A precious piece of Glenroys history awaits the buyer of Gowrie House, one of oldest surviving homes in the district.Built in 1855, the property with a heritage overlay is closely related to the earlier constructed Meadowbank, now known as the manner(SIC) house in Campbellfield. Standing tall behind a circular driveway on a large 1495sqm block approx, the house makes an eye-catching statement in this suburban street of late 20th century homes. Impressive,it would not look out of place in Scotlands lowlands because its architecture is based on the traditional house of a Scottish laird (landowner).

The solid blue stone house features a slate roof, tall chimneys, prominent gable dormer windows and dressed stonework quoins and copings. It was constructed for Scottish migrant and noted pastoralist James Robertson on one of two homestead lots that were part of a Crown pre-emptive right acquired in 1848 by Robertson and his cousin Alexander Gibb. Gowrie House is on the northern section of the divided allotment.

The exterior is in the original condition and comes complete with a foundation stone inscribed with the date of its formation. Over the years, the stables and outbuildings have been demolished while the interior has been extensively renovated to meet modern lifestyle needs.(etc.)


Circa 1841.
James Gibb and James Robertson,both of whom had married Coupar sisters set up a coach building/blacksmith business and at about the time leased 640 acres from the Crown. Although prizes were won with Gibb and Robertson ploughs in 1850, James Robertson seemed to have had another Campbellfield blacksmith by the name of Myers as a business partner by 1845. It is presumed that the land leased in 1841 (of which nothing has been found on trove)was crown allotment 5, which was sold to Gibb and Robertson in 1848 for a pound per acre*. Nothing more was heard of James Gibb (the blacksmith)and the co-grantee was his brother,Alexander.

1848.
*The article about crown land sales (P.2, The Melbourne Argus, 3-3-1848) states that Gibb and Robertson had paid a pound per acre for lot 32, 640 acres, which was wrongly described as portion 12,Will Will Rook. Section 12 of 1189 acres (today's Northcorp Industry Park and east to Merri Creek) was granted to Neil Campbell.The Will Will Rook parish map (google WILL WILL ROOK, COUNTY OF BOURKE)names AndrewGibb as the co-grantee with J.Robertson,not James Gibb.

1863. James Robertson,320 acres, "Gowrie Park", net annual value 144 pounds- as for Gibb's. (Broady rates.)

1872.
ROBERTSON.-On the 17th inst., at Gowrie-park, Campbellfield, Ann, the beloved wife of James Robertson,
aged 58 years.(P.4, Argus,18-12-1872.)

THE Friends of JAMES ROBERTSON, of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield, are respectfully requested to follow the remains of his late wife to the Campbellfield* General Cemetery on Thursday, the 10th inst., at 2 o'clock p.m. The funeral to move from his residence, Gowrie Park.(P.8, Argus, 18-12-1872.) *Will Will Rook Cemetery.

1877.
ROBERTSONKIRKLAND.On the 17th January, at the residence of Robt. Kelly, Coburg, brother-in-law
of the bride, by the Rev. John Cooper, John Robertson, Superintendent Jika Reformatory, and eldest son
of James Robertson, Gowrie Park, Campbellfield, to Kate, fifth daughter of A. Kirkland, late Sub-inspector
of Constabulary, Lisbellaw, Fermanagh, Ireland. (Illustrated Australian News (Melbourne, Vic. : 1876 - 1889) Wednesday 21 February 1877 p 30 Family Notices.)

1879-80.
No 320 acre property at Campbellfield but a James Robertson had 217 acres at Somerton. (Broady rates.)

1888.
ROBERTSON. On the 28th inst., at Sunnyside, Waggarandall, the residence of his son-in-law, Mr.James Moodie, James Robertson, late of Gowrie-park, Campbellfield, and No. 6 Bridport-street, Albert-park, aged 80 years. A colonist of 47 years.(P.1, Argus,30-7-1888.)

1892.
The Gibb in-laws, the descendants of James Robertson,were supposed to have moved away from Gowrie Park in 1872, so who was the J.R.Robertson,of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield whose very fine cow sold for 11 pounds two decades later? (P.30, Argus,24-12-1892.)-digitisation near bottom but actual portion of newspaper can't be found.First-class milkers, 7 to 11,the latter price being given for a veiy fine cow. the property of Mr. J. R. Robertson, Gowrie park, Campbellfield.

1899-1900.
Thomas B.C.Robinson* leasing 317 acres, "Gowrie" at Campbellfield from James Robertson.(P.S.Perhaps the farm was leased in two parts,the house on 3 acres and the remaining 317 acres for grazing.) James Robertson of Somerton had two parcels,of 44 and 180 acres at SOMERTON. (Broady rates.)

1901.
ROBISON.-On the 27th May, Henry, eldest son of *T. B. C. Robison, "Laurieston," Church-square, St.Kilda. Interred St. Kilda Cemetery,Tuesday, 28th inst. (P.1, Argus,29-5-1901.)

1908.
P.S.ROBISON (nee Pye)-On the 5th January, at Brunswick, the wife of T. C. Robison, 'Gowrie,'Campbellfield- a son. (P.1, Argus,8-1-1908.)

1920-1.
Robert Lewis**,trainer,owns the 317 acre "Gowrie."
**It seems that,like Jim Pike (see KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS), Robert Lewis combined riding and training.
Lewis and the Derby.
R. Lewis has a remarkable riding record in the Victorian Derby, having piloted seven winners. He won on Maltster in 1900, Hautvilliers in 1901, Sylvanite in 1904,Alawa in 1908, Wolowa in 1912, Carlita in 1914, and Furious last year. (P.6, Argus,3-11-1922.)



1930.
CAR ILLEGALLY USED. Charged with having illegally used a motorcar, Alexander Leslie Brothers, farm assistant of Gowrie Park Campbellfield appeared at the Essendon Court on Monday. (P.8, Argus, 8-4-1930.)

1 comment(s), latest 2 days, 14 hours ago

A CHRONOLOGY OF MEADOWBANK, CAMPBELLFIELD,VIC., AUST. AND ITS OWNERS/OCCUPANTS.

N.B. Gibb family genealogy (plentiful on trove) is only included here where it affects the occupancy of Meadowbank.


1848.
P.2,The Melbourne Argus, 3-3-1848. At a sale of crown land on Wednesday 1st, Gibb and Robertson bought lot 32, portion 12* (sic) Will Will Rook of 640 acres at one pound per acre. (*Actually crown allotment 5.)

1850.
PLOUGHING MATCH AT CAMPBELLFIELD.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 27 May 1850 p 2 Article
... . 5 2itd do to David Anderson, servant to Messrs Gibb and Robertson, Campbellfield . 3 3rd do to ... to Mr. John Cameron, Tober-mony, Deep Creek. 2 2nd do Messrs Gibb and Robertson, Campbellfield.
(EXTRACT: I was also informed that the ploughs by which the prizes were taken had been made by Messrs. Gibb and Robertson, Campbellfield, and Mr. Cook, Melbourne;)

Mr Gibb was James Gibb, blacksmith,who like James Robertson had married a Coupar girl. It was James Gibb who took out the crown lease of section 5, Will Will Rook with James Robertson circa 1841. Unlike his namesake nephew and his brother,Andrew, James Gibb had no taste for farming and -just disappeared from the scene, so that his brother and James Robertson were the co-grantees of section 5.

1860.
The following might account for the later marriage of Alexander Coupar Gibb and Margaret Ferguson Inglis (nee Dods.) The Dods family pioneered the Woodstock district which is west of Donnybrook and presumably near Upper Plenty. Did Alexander Gibb own "Glenvale*? Alexander was obviously adept at all branches of horticulture!

*The answer to the above question is NO! The owner of Glenvale was Henry Gibbs who married Margaret, the widow of Irishman,John Harlin,who with James Bowie Kirk (founder of Kirk's Bazaar)had pioneered the area in 1838.(Early Whittlesea HOW IT WAS SETTLED DETAILS OF THE PIONEERS
Advertiser (Hurstbridge, Vic. : 1922 - 1939) Friday 12 November 1937 p 1 Article and other trove results.)

On Friday week next, the 18th, the Whittlesea branch of tho Victoria Society purpose holding their annual ploughing match on Mr. Gibb's farm, Glenvale, Upper Plenty. ......

There was some doubt last year whether the pear grown by Mr. Gibb, at Campbellfield, was the largest produced that season or not, but this year, we imagine, there can be no doubt on the subject, unless the fruit of the colony generally has taken to growing much beyond its accustomed size. (P.1s, Argus, 11-5-1860.)

1866.
The Gazette.
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 20 October 1866 p 23 Article
... roll of magistrates for the colony of Victoria, viz., David Laidlaw, Esq., Hamilton; Alexander Gibb, Esq., Campbellfield ; (etc.)

1870's.
Alexander Gibb was the Campbellfield correspondent for The Australasian with his articles mainly concerned with farming details.One piece of information on 26-4-1873 (see below), that there were few sheep in the Campbellfield area is of interest. The coming of the north eastern railway in 1872 provided easy access to Melbourne markets and dairy farms became more common. I would presume that the milk was "carted" to the Broadmeadows Station, not all the way to Melbourne.

EXTRACT ONLY. Jaii/%ming-Tfts% cai^e^tTa gSt (OOPS!)Dairy Farming- This is carried on to a great extent, in fact, it is increasing year by year, and numbers who have not got sufficient pasture of their own purchase milk from their neighbours; the whole of this is carted to Melbourne, and they come and go twice a day. A few, who do not dispose of their milk in this way, make butter and cheese the greater portion of which is disposed of in Melbourne. Sheep Farming-No sheep kept in this district.
(The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 26 April 1873 p 1 Article)


1882.
Gibb. On the 23rd ult. at his residence, Meadowbank, Campbellfield, Alexander Gibb, aged 71 years,a colonist of 41 years. ( The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (Melbourne, Vic. : 1873 - 1889) Saturday 8 April 1882 p 111 Family Notices)

1886.
GIBB.On the 3rd inst., at Meadowbank, Campbellfield, John Coupar, second son of the late Alexander Gibb, aged 37. (P.1, Argus,4-2-1886.)

1890.
I have written about the contrasting fates of Alex Coupar Gibb,who is supposed to have had a windfall of two thousand pounds (most likely a forfeited deposit or part-payment from a speculator) and John Coupar Robertson.The following indicates that but for the bust, circa 1892, that followed the land boom of the late 1880's, Meadowbank would have ceased to be a farm. It is probable that the company had taken possession of the farm and leased it to George Crinnion.

Mr. PURVES.-The draft is dated-1888,and it shows an agreement between Mr. J. E.Gourlay, Mr. James Mirams, and Mr. William Doherty. It recites that whereas the said J.E. Gourlay has entered into a contract, bearing date January 18, with Elizabeth Gibb, for the purchase of all that portion of land in the parish of Will Will-Rook, in the county of Bourke, being the northern moiety of Section No. 5 mentioned in a certain conveyance made between Alexander Gibb and the said Elizabeth Gibb, for the sum of 42,515, of which sum 9,110 has been paid, and the balance is to be paid by three bills of 10,628 4s., 11 134 7s., and 11,640 9s. 6d.; and whereas the sum of 6,075, being part of the said sum of 9,110,was paid by the said J. E. Gourlay, and was
in fact money belonging to the said James Mirams and William Doherty, and the purchase was made by the said J. E. Gourlay as a trustee for and on behalf of the said James Mirams and Win. Doherty,subject to the payment by them of two thirds of the sum falling due, it is hereby declared that they shall hold the land in partnership.
(PREMIER PERMANENT BUILDING ASSOCIATION THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS. THE CHARGES AGAINST DIRECTORS. EVIDENCE FOR THE PROSECUTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 1 July 1890 p 10 Article)

1892. The Gibb in-laws, the descendants of James Robertson,were supposed to have moved away from Gowrie Park in 1872, so who was the J.R.Robertson,of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield whose very fine cow sold for 11 pounds two decades later? (P.30, Argus,24-12-1892.)-digitisation near bottom but actual portion of newspaper can't be found.First-class milkers, 7 to 11,the latter price being given for a veiy fine cow. the property of Mr. J. R. Robertson, Gowrie park, Campbellfield.

1893.
Clearing Sale - We held a successful clearing sale for Mr Geo Crinnion,Gibb's Farm, Campbellfield, when the whole of his cattle, horses, implements, hay and sundries were disposed of at very satisfactory prices.
(P.10, Argus, 30-3-1893.) George's lease had not expired; he had sold the lease.
(The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 18 March 1893 p 31 Advertising)
The Crinnions were prominent in Broadmeadows Shire at Crowe's Hill,formerly John Crowe's Mt Yuroke, (Melway 385 G5) and leased James Hearn's Thorn Grove until 1887. Family members took over William Eastwood's Hay and Corn Store on the north side of South St, Ascot Vale,east of East St. I think they also get a mention in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal re Brannigan's "St Johns".

1895.
Alexander Coupar Gibb was back on Meadowbank but was not dairy farming yet. It takes time to build up a herd so he was fattening lambs on what the Oaklands Hunt referred to as the Meadowbank "sward".

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 8 May 1895 p 3 Article
... ., Raven stone, (I, Ss to fss. Od , J T Kindellan, Bav Flat, Gippsland, 0 bonnidowns, at los ed, A C Gibb, Meadow Bank, Campbellfield.

Alexander may have been back on Meadowbank by August 1894 when he stood for council.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 August 1894 p 9 Article
... Shire of Broadmeadows -DAVIS, JAMES; GIBB, ALEXANDER COUPAR.

1906.
VANDERZEE ( Alexander). - On the 20th August,George, the beloved husband of Annie A. Vanderzee, aged 36, late of Victoria parade, East Melbourne. Interred privately, 1st September. (P.1, Argus, 3-9-1906.)


1909.
GIBB - INGLIS -On the 16th March, at the E.S. and A. Bank House, Malvern, by the Rev. W. G. Maconochie, M.A., Alex. H.Gibb, Meadow Bank, Campbellfield, to Margaret Ferguson Inglis, William street, Hawthorn. At home at the E.S. and A. Bank House, Malvern (Armadale station), Friday, April 30th. ( P.13, Argus, 24-4-1909.)

The above obviously has a misprint,the groom being Alex.C.Gibb. If so Alex. was about 49 years old.


1913. MEADOWBANK, CAMPBELLFIELD.
By HICKORY.
THE HOMESTEAD.
The quaintness and charm which characterise many old-world farmsteads, and at which the so-called Queen Anne villaaims, but seldom reaches, may occasionally be found in the homes raised by thepioneers in Victoria, and more often in the older State of Tasmania, whose temperate climate makes this style of house suitable to every part of the State. To the observersuch a house as Meadowbank carries the feeling of "'home" in contradistinction to"dwelling," and this is emphasised with closer inspection. Built in 1856, of stone quarried in the neighbourhood, with walls two feet thick, chimneys and cupboards contained in the thickness of the walls, high eaves, a steeply-pitched slate roof, from which project quaint dormer-windows, and surrounded by stately plantation trees with garden and lawns in front, it stands a fitting monument of a family which has earned such high respect among the landed proprietors of Victoria. Mr. A. C. Gibb, the present owner and occupier of the house built by his father, can look with pride around him, as the trees surrounding his old home were planted by himself when a schoolboy, and he has watched them grow from slender plants into forest monarchs. Nor need he fear the reproach that the "big house,"-for so it was called by the country-side in the early days- is not as it was. The neatness of surroundings, convenience of arrangements, and the abundance of shelter for animals and implements, all indicate farming on sound lines.
STABLES, MILKING-SHED, AND SHEDDING.
The stables, and milking-shed are of stone, with thick walls and stone-paved floors, well drained, and substantially built throughout. The partitions in the former are of thick, wide planking, laid horizontally, high at the head, and curving down to the rear post, and are as sound as the day they were built, nearly sixty years ago. The stalls-eight, and a loose box-are 6ft. 3in.wide, which gives ample room for grooming and harnessing the biggest draught horses. A 10ft. passage gives room for backing out and turning round, while lattice work along the rear wall provides the ventilation. Several of the draught horses were in the stable, and showed not only activity and strength, but careful feeding and grooming. A gelding, 25 years of age, but sound as a bell through good treatment, is capable of working for many years. The milking-shed was formerly an old type threshing-barn,the machinery being installed on the upperfloor and driven by horse-works below, with exits above for the various products from the thresher. In the creek was a mill, where the grain was converted into flour for the diggings. The place is well equipped with implements, an oil engine heading the list; and for every implement shed room is provided. A carpenter's shop and a tool-house, furnished with shelves and racks for implements, are in keeping with their surroundings. When it is remembered that stonemasons were paid 1 per day in those days, and other workmen in proportion, the cheap sneer that the holdings cost the pioneers nothing can be passed over with contempt. Detached from the milking-shed is the milkroom, a pattern of cleanliness. The water for the cooler is raised by a windmill, close by, and afterwards runs to a brick-in cement trough, of 1,200gals. capacity, which waters two paddocks. The well is 40ft.deep, and inexhaustible.
THE DAIRY HERD.
Milk is supplied wholesale for the Melbourne market, so that there is no offseason, but about 65 cows are in milk all the year round. The herd is kept up by picked calves from the best milkers and by purchases of in-calf heifers from outside, a business requiring keen judgment. The sloping shoulders, fine withers, and light forequarters, broad, straight hind-quarters,
deep, broad thighs, capacious udders, well developed teats and milk veins, give the whole
herd a family likeness, which is further accentuated by the brown and white colouring of many of them. .Constitution is not forgotten, if one may judge from the depth of chest, while the clear eyes and bright coats indicate that pitch of health only obtained by liberal and judicious, feeding. The rule is never to let the cow get down in condition, so they are hand-fed at least nine months in the year. A milker is employed for every twenty cows milked, and this leaves them time to get in green maize or other fodder, the cows being bailed up and fed for them.
FODDER CROPS.
The pasture is usually the mainstay of the stock, but here so liberal is the feeding that one is almost tempted to take the fodder crops first. However, considerable care is shown in sowing various grasses, and these must be considered, when studying the ration. After a paddock has been cropped in a certain rotation for about six years, it is sown down, as a rule, with a mixture of rye grass, cocksfoot, and clover. The proportion used is about three parts rye grass to one part cocksfoot and clover. Two bushels to the acre of the mixture are sown, of which the rye grass responds at once, and affords good pasture, while the cocksfoot does not show up till the following season. Both Alsike and white clover are used. Timothy and paspalum dilatatum
have been tried, but have not proved a success so far. The clovers do remarkably well, and spread naturally, especially where artificial manures have been used with the preceding crops. From 30 to 40 acres are sown with wheat and oats mixed for hay. Mr. Gibb reckons that the wheat and oats mixed "make" better in the sheaf. The oats when alone go yellow in wet weather. The wheat not only helps it to cure better but holds it up. Algerian oats and Frampton wheat or College Purple Straw are the varieties employed, the proportion being 2 bushels oats to 1.5 wheat, and sowing in at the rate of 1.25 bushels per acre. A hayshed saves thatching, and the sample onhand under cover is well coloured, sweet smelling, and with a good proportion of grain. Maize is relied on for a great bulk of the fodder, the variety mentioned previously under "Farm and Dairy" {a variety of Red Horse Tooth, known locally as Sydney 120-day) having been proved to give the best returns. Sowings are made in October, November, December, and sometimes as late as January, if December has, been unfavourable. Sowing through every second hoe of the drill, 1 bushel to the acre of seed is used; and, on ground that has been cropped for several years from 70lb. to 80lb. of superphosphate.
CULTIVATION AND FEEDING.
In preparing the ground for cropping, it is usually ploughed early, worked up well with the disc cultivator, or spring-tooth and given two strokes of the harrows before sowing. If the ground is lumpy, and in a wet season, the spring-tooth cultivator is used again before sowing. The roller comes into play after sowing before the crop is up. Both cultivators do good work. As a rule two crops of hay are taken off, and then two or three of maize on rich ground; but on medium soil, one crop of hay only. The horse hoe is used between the rows of maize, and with good results for every working. After the hay is off, some of the stubble ground is turned under and sown with peas, which comes in for feed in the winter. A maize crop following the peas always makes great growth. The cost of putting in a crop of maize figures out at about 1 per acre. The yield of green stuff or ensilage is seldom under 10 tons per acre, so that the cost of raising this fodder crop per ton is very small. The ration for the cows just now is 30lb. maize, 10 lb. chaff and 4 lb. bran. When this is added to the grass they can eat in grazing, and this mainly clover, those interested will find that a well-balanced ration is provided, and at a low cost. Straw is used in poor seasons to supplement the feed, and with this in view the grain is threshed slightly on the green side. Oaten straw cut at this stage is found to give particularly good feed. The difference between town and country life is well exemplified in the household. In town the average family knows little and takes less interest in the breadwinner's occupation; but at Meadowbank farm operations and results are keenly followed.( P.8, The Australasian, 28-6-1913.)


1914.
BROADMEADOWS SHIRE. PETITION TO CR. GIBB.
A number of gentlemen, including Cr.McLean, Ex-Cr. Robertson, Messrs. Porter,Pearson, Hawkins, Maltzahn and Gibson, presented a numerously signed petition to Cr. Gibb, at that gentleman's residence,on Monday evening, praying that he would submit himself for re-election as the representative for the Campbellfield Riding in
the Broadmeadows Council.

Mr. Gibson, in formally presenting the petition, said he was not familiar with the practice of presenting petitions, but he felt honoured in being asked to present and support the one in question, and hoped that his feeble efforts would result satisfactorily. There was no desire to disparage the attainments or qualifications
of other aspirants for the seat, but it was felt that the proposed retirement of Cr, Gibb, at a period when a number of very important matters affecting the welfare of the district, as also the finances of the Council, were shortly to be dealt with, would be most unfortunate. The ratepayers could not afford to lose the services of Cr. Gibb, whoso ripe experience and intimate acquaintance with the entire affairs of the Council rendered his retention of the seat almost imperative.The petition would, under any circumstances, prove very gratifying to Cr. Gibb inasmuch as it contained the names and the signatures of a very large number of ratepayers in the riding so ably represented by Cr. Gibb, and also exhibited genuine appreciation of his conduct as a councillor.

The preparation and completion of the petition was due entirely to the enthusiastic efforts of Cr. McLean, whose native modesty alone prevented him from formally presenting it.In conclusion, Mr. Gibson said that as
the mouthpiece of the gentlemen present as also of the signatories, he sincerely hoped that Cr. Gibb would accede to the request of its humble petitioners. Ex-Cr. Robertson supplemented the former speaker's remarks, and referred to Cr.Gibb's untarnished career, and felt that it would be a calamity to lose his services at the present juncture.

Cr. Gibb spoke feelingly in reply, and acknowledged the honour in being so generously requisitioned. He had made a resolution not to seek re-election not because of the work involved-indeed, he liked the wholesome side of municipal work, and felt dignified in performing it but, as he had stated 3 years ago he would retire at end of his term, and felt, under the circumstances, he had to adhere to his statement. However, in view of the
handsome manner in which he had been approached, he felt it very difficult to refuse, and would yield to the wishes of the deputation.(P.6, Flemington Spectator, 6-8-1914.)

Campbellfield Riding Election. Cr. Alexander C. Gibb, who has represented the Campbellfield Riding of the Shire of Broadmeadows for many years past with distinction, notifies that in response to a largely signed petition
he has decided to stand for re-election.(The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 13 August 1914 p 2 Article)

Miss Inglis, daughter of Mrs. A. C. Gibb,"Meadow Bank," Campbellfield, writes of her safe arrival in England from Switzerland. After visiting the Isle of Wight and Devonshire, she proposed leaving for Scotland.
(P.29, Table Talk,12-11-1914.)

1915.
Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Gibb, of Meadowbank, Campbellfield, are spending a holiday in Sydney.
(The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 8 April 1915 p 3 Article)


1918.
CAMPBELLFIELD RED CROSS FETE By- FALAISE.
Meadow Bank, the old picturesque bluestone residence of Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Gibb,of Campbellfield, was the scene of a Red Cross fete on Saturday, April 20. Some few months ago Mrs. Gibb inaugurated a Red Cross branch in this part of the countryone of the earliest settlements in Victoriaand as funds are now required for the purchase of material to work upon, she, as president of the branch, arranged to hold this fete with a view to raising the money and bringing together the residents of this scattered farming district.Meadow Bank was built over 60 years ago for Mr. Gibbs's father, and the grounds surrounding the house are ideally laid out for the purpose of a fete.........Among those who had charge of the stalls,&c., were Mesdames R. Jones, Percy Oliver,and John Coldwell (produce). Miss Shepherd (flowers), Mrs.F.Olsen (sweets andice cream), Mesdames E.A.Porter,A.Austin, and F. Sheahan (work), Miss Oliver(cakes), Miss Kitty Ingles, Miss Dodds, and Mr. Wilshire (spinning tables), and Mr.Pearson (motor rides). (P.32, The Australasian, 27-4-1918.)

1919.
Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Gibb are staying at the George Hotel for a while, having leased their property, Meadowbank, Campbellfield, for a year, to Captain and Mrs.Donald Mackinnon. Mrs. Gibb's only son,,Lieut. Jack Ingles,
returned this week from active service. He was away for nearly five years. He also is staying at the George
Hotel.(P.44, The Australasian, 20-12-1919.)

1920-1. Broadmeadows rates. In about August 1920, John Ingles was assessed on 264 acres of Meadowbank and A.C.Gibb the house and 30 acres.

Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Gibb return this week to their property, Meadow Bank,Campbellfield, after having spent 12 months at St. Kilda. Captain and Mrs, D.Mackinnon have been renting Meadow Bank, and have taken an active part in hunting.(P.47,The Australasian,4-12-1920.)

The marriage of Miss Rene Alexander Vanderzee, younger daughter of Mrs. A. Alexander Vanderzee, of Vanda House, Chelsea, and Mr. Frank S. Treadwell of Fairby, York street, St.Kilda, will take place at All Saints Church, Chapel street,East St Kilda, on Thursday, March 11, at 1.30 p.m. (P.39, The Australasian,6-3-1920.)

1923.

1925.
At a meeting of the council of the Royal Agricultural Society of Victoria yesterday, Mr. A. C. Gibb, of Meadowbank, Campbellfield, was granted leave of absence for 12 months. Mr. Gibb proposes making a holiday trip to Britain.(P.18, Argus, 13-5-1925.)

1926.
APPLICATION for TRANSFER of LICENCE.
I, Robert Strachan Farrell, being the holder of a victualler's licence for the Imperial Hotel,Bourke and Spring streets, Melbourne in the Melbourne Licensing District, and I, Annie Alexander, of Meadowbank, Campbellfield hereby give notice, that we will APPLY to the Licensing Court at Melbourne on Monday, the thirty first day of May, one thousand nine hundred and twenty six for the TRANSFER of the LICENCE to the said Annie Alexander.
Dated this 21st day of May, 1926.R.S.FARRELL. A ALEXANDER.Leach and Thomson, solicitors, 191 Queen street.
Melbourne. (P.19, Argus, 22-5-1926.) SEE 1949.

1928.
From Meadowbank Pty Co. re water on Camp road. The secretary said the Council's solicitor advised they would be quite safe in taking over the guarantee of a company named. (P.2, Kilmore Free Press, 2-2-1928.)

Writing extensively in upper case is regarded as shouting,so please cover your ears while you read the following!
SALES BY AUCTION.
AUCTIONEER'S NOTICE.
A GREAT LAND SALE.
(By Private Treaty.)
Will Be Held on Delightful
MEADOWBANK ESTATE,
On
SATURDAY, 25th INSTANT. ,
(Please Note the Date.)
AFTERNOON TEA WILL BE PROVIDED ON THE ESTATE.
H OW TO GET TO MEADOWBANK ESTATE.
Take Electric Tram in SWANSTON STREET to NORTH COBURG Terminus in SYDNEY ROAD,
FREE MOTOR-CARS
Will Take Prospective Buyers from the NORTH COBURG TRAM TERMINUS (at Baker's Road,
in Sydney Road), to MEADOWBANK ESTATE. The Motor-cars will Run Between the Tram
Terminus and MEADOWBANK ESTATE During the Hours from 2.15 p.m. to 6 p.m.
NEW RAILWAY SERVICE OPENING.
WITHIN A FEW WEEKS, the Railway line to Campbellfield Will Be Opened for PASSENGER
TRAFFIC, and a RAILWAY STATION WILL BE ESTABLISHED Only a Few Hundred Feet
From MEADOWBANK ESTATE. The Opening of This NEW RAILWAY IS GOING TO INCREASE
THE VALUE OF MEADOWBANK BLOCKS VERY GREATLY.
BIG MONEY CAN STILL BE MADE. By BUYING BLOCKS IN FAVOURED AREAS. MEADOWBANK is a VERY FAVOURED VICINITY. It has a Splendid Elevation, BEING 400 ft. ABOVE SEA LEVEL, and has Glorious
Views of the Citv, the Bay, and the Surrounding Country. It is Only Eight Miles from
Melbourne. There Are Shops and Hotels Quite Close to the Estate. Within a Few Weeks
it Will Have a RAILWAY STATION WITHIN A FEW HUNDRED FEET OF IT. Already
L80 000 Has Been Spent in Water Supply System for Campbellfield and District. All Round
MEADOWBANK are the Signs of That Awakening Which Precedes the Establishment of a
SPLENDID NEW SUBURB. Now is the Time to BUY.
SEEING IS BELIEVING.
We INVITE YOU to Come Along to MEADOWBANK ESTATE on Saturday, February 25; Walk
Around, and Inspect the Land for Yourself, And If You Like It (Which We Know You
Will). Buy a Block or Two in This DELIGHTFUL NEW SUBURB.
RING, XXKITE, or CALL lor Illustrated ramphlcts and riana ol MEADOWBANK ESTATE.
The Solicitors to the Estate are Mesar. RIGBY and FIELDING, CO Market Slreet, Melbourne.
Sole Selling Agents. (P.2, Argus, 16-2-1928.)



1937.
Did Annie buy a tractor?
DRAUGHT HORSE and DRAY. Harness, suitable any work, good order, reasonable. Meadowbank, Campbellfield.
(P.3, Argus, 29-5-1937.)

1939.
Cup Stories
PURPLE AND GOLD
This story of a schoolboy's fondness for Flemington and its unpleasant consequences wins a prize of 5/ for Mr.
George Alexander, of Meadowbank, Campbellfield. This happened the year Poseidon won the Melbourne Cup carrying the colours "all purple." As I witnessed the race, contrary to the orders of my head master, the late Mr.L.A. Adamson, of Wesley, I decided to wear my purple school cap inside out to make myself less conspicuous to any master who might be enjoying the "sport of kings." But the ruse failed. I was on the mat next morning, and was taxed with the offence, which I admitted. Punishment-confined to barracks next week-end for "wearing wrong colours." The punishment was not as great as I feared, as "Dicky" was in his prime in those days with the birch, and Pure Gold would have swooned on the spot had he received a couple of his cuts where they hurt.
(P.9, Argus,27-9-1939.)

1948.
ALEXANDER. On June 18, at his residence, Campbellfield, Robert Walter (late 1st A.I.F. and Anzac), loving second son of Mrs. A. Alexander and late George Alexander, and brother of George, Gilbee, Eric, and
the late Mrs. Rene Treadwell.Sadly missed. An old soldier faded away. (P.2, Argus,21-6-1948.)#
#Also submitted under the surname VANDERZEE on page 8.

1949.
DEATHS
ALEXANDER - On August 31 at her residence Meadowbank, Camp road,Campbellfield, Anne, beloved wife of the late George Alexander and loved mother of George Robert (deceased*),Elizabeth (Mrs. Crocker-Smith), Irene
(Mrs Frank Treadwell deceased*) and Eric, and darling grandmother of Neville (deceased*), Verna, Valda, Ray,
Howard (deceased*), Valerie, Elizabeth and Alan -At rest. (P.12,Argus,1-9-1949.) *How sad!

ALEXANDER. - On August 31. at her residence, Meadowbank, Campbellfield, loving mother of Gil, and grandmother of Verna. -At rest. (P.12, Argus, 2-9-1949.)


ANNIE VANDERZEE (Otherwise Annie Alexander), Late of "Meadowbank," Campbellfield, Widow, Deceased. -
After 14 clear days. Eric Gordon Alexander Vanderzee, of 375 Barkers road, Kew, shopkeeper, and NATIONAL TRUSTEES EXECUTORS AND AGENCY COMPANY OF AUSTRALASIA LIMITED, whose registered office is situate at 95 Queen street. Melbourne, the executors appointed by deceased's will, dated 25th January, 1949,will APPLY to the Supreme Court for a grant of PROBATE of the said will.LEACH AND THOMSON, solicitors, 472 Bourke street. Melbourne. (P.17, Argus, 9-9-1949.)

ALEXANDER-VANDERZEE. - In loving memory of my son, Rob, passed away June l8, 1948, late 2nd Mobile Section. First A.I.F. -Sadly missed.(Mother.)
ALEXANDER-VANDERZEE. - In loving memory of my brother, passed away June l8. 1948, late 2nd Mobile Section, First A.I.F. -Sadly missed.(Gill and Verna.)(P.15, Argus, 18-6-1949.#

I presume somebody submitted Annie's notice for her!!! So who was Gil? Has to be Elizabeth!
# in 1948 shows that Gil was Elizabeth but her married name should have been in brackets to make this clear in the VANDERZEE death notice.

1950.

1 comment(s), latest 1 month, 3 weeks ago

A CORRECTION, JOHNSTON/JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE, RE BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST.

I suffer from local history dreams, usually at about dawn. There's a saying that you shouldn't believe everything you read, and that's exactly what I'm doing in my dreams, courtesy of the National Library of Australia. This morning's was a corker and related to a letter that I read on trove recently (while I was actually awake but should have been asleep.) McIntosh of Glenroy complained about his neighbour, George Gordon Cameron, his neighbour on the Glenroy Estate, spreading lies about (a)JOHNSTON becoming a papist and (b)the writer taking a drayload of his servants to the polling place at Pentridge after providing fraudulent property qualifications so they could be enrolled as voters.

In the dream Johnston stated that yes,he had a T in his name; it was not Johnson like that English fellow down at Greenvale. The dream was a wake-up call to do something about an assumption I had made in the 1990's while in correspondence with a member of the Johnson family of Greenvale (between Swain St and Providence Lane), Glendewar, Cumberland and Spring Park in Keilor Rd (Eastern half of the A.J.Davis Reserve and including Grange Rd/El Reno Crescent.) There are two books about the Johnson family at the historic Woodlands homestead,one title being forgotten* and the other SEEDS OF TIME.
(*P.S.ALWAYS A LADY. The author of both books was Keith Brown. My note on P.413 of THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.)

At the time I had assumed that the owner of Greenhill was the owner of the land on Machell's early subdivision north of Swain St that was later owned by Harry Swain. I thought the T in his name was a spelling mistake. Such mistakes were common. The name of McIntosh (above) was written three different ways by a correspondent whose article (which shows him and Cameron as neighbours) forms the basis of my journal WOW, FARMERS IN THE NORTH WEST. Dallemore, an insolvent stockholder of Bulla Bulla in 1856, was actually Dallimore. The street that formed part of the Young Queen Inn route to Sydney from today's Pascoe Vale Rd to Ardlie St was written on the Broadmeadows Township map (of 1855?) as JohnstonE Street* although it was probably named after John JohnsTon of Green Hill.
(*It may possibly have been named after Alexander Johnstone, a J.P. who overstepped his authority in
about 1849, or James Stewart Johnston,politician and alderman of Melbourne who co-owned the Argus with Edward Wilson and established the Craig Lee vineyard near Sunbury.)

Excuses may provide justification of errors but errors must be corrected. My dream was telling me to confirm or refute my assumption that John Johnson and John Johnston were the same person!

BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon,pages 45-8.
"We have noted that the inaugural meeting (of the Broadmeadows Road Board)was held at the Free Church School, the Chalmers' Institution" at Yuroke on 15 March 1858."
"John Johnston had a farm of about 100 acres, "Greenhill" at the northern end of Yuroke. He was a Road Board representative only until 1863 but remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70."
"We know the ages of only some of these men in 1858-Shankland and Stevenson were thirty eight and thirty nine respectively, (John)Cameron forty three and Johnston fifty one."

JOHNSTON On the 12th inst., at his residence, Greenhill, Euroke, Mr. John Johnston, aged 70 years.
(P.1, Argus,13-6-1877.)

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN JOHNSTON are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Bulla Cemetery. The funeral will leave his late residence, Greenhill, Euroke, to-morrow (Thursday), at 1 o'clock p.m.precisely.

BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.
1042 JOHNSTON John 70Y 00/00/1810 12/06/1877 14/06/1877 Presb. 3 31 Son of John Johnston & Jane Henderson. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1043 JOHNSTON (nee HENDERSON) Jane 60Y 00/00/1810 27/06/1871 29/06/1871 Presb. 3 31 Daughter of John Henderson & Jane Wallace Miller. Born in MIDL'.

CHALMER'S Academy, Euroke.-This academy was examined by a committee of the Free Church Presbytery of Melbourne on Tuesday, the 11th instant, in presence of a large assembly of parents and others interested in the welfare of the institution. The examination of the pupils embraced the various departments of English, Biblical know-
ledge, grammar, geography, history (ancient and modern), chronology, with mental and written arithmetic.

Throughout the large and commodious school-hall numerous specimens of plain and ornamental penmanship and map-drawing were displayed, many of "which reflected the highest credit, alike upon teacher and scholar; while the chairman's table, which really seemed to groan beneath its precious burden of prizes, was happily relieved by the lighter exhibition of numerous pieces of plain and fancy needlework. Among the specimens of work thus exposed, we were particularly gratified by the following, as evidencing the advanced progress of the youth
attending this seminary, viz. : specimens of ornamental penmanship, by Master Hugh C.Johnston ; do., Master Ewen M. Stewart ; map of Italy, by Master Henry Cooper ; do. United States, by Master James Macpherson ; do. Palestine, by Master James Hearn ; pieces of crochet work, by Miss Susanna Johnston.(P.5, Argus,20-12-1855.)

JOHNSON. (BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.)
1037 JOHNSON James Alexander 39Y 28/06/1874 28/09/1913 30/09/1913 C of E 9 15 Third son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in 'Glendewar', Tullamarine, Victoria, Australia.
1038 JOHNSON John 81Y 24/09/1866 14/03/1948 16/03/1948 C of E 9 17 Son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1039 JOHNSON William 60Y 16/04/1904 17/06/1964 00/06/1964 Presb. 8 5 Son of John Lewis Johnson & Lillian Gertrude Perry. Died in Essendon, Victoria, Australia.
1040 JOHNSON (nee HICKOX) Blanche Georgina Toogood 78Y 00/00/1873 12/07/1951 13/07/1951 C of E 9 17 Daughter of Frederick Phillipson Hickox & Anne Maria Cox. Born in Clunes, died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1041 JOHNSON (nee HIND) Olive May 72Y 18/04/1913 20/02/2006 00/02/2006 Presb. 8 5 Daughter of Ernest Edward Hind & Annie Tippins. Born in Stawell, Victoria, Australia.

The Mansfield family of Tullamarine was related to the Johnsons of Glendewar and Cumberland. Neil Mansfield's THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY has genealogical information and photos of the family from page 401. A photo of Lilian Minnie Hickox in front of the beautiful Cumberland homestead is on page 445. Neil did not give much past genealogy of the Johnsons but Keith Brown certainly did in the two books available for perusal at the Woodlands Homestead; there are photos of the Spring Park mansion in one of them.

A CORRECTION- BRUCE BARBOUR AND GEORGE PAGE BARBER.

It was only when I started transcribing my handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I realised that I might have reversed two surnames which sound identical. I had tried googling the name of the author of the STRATHMORE COMMUNITY WEBSITE on several occasions,without success. I remembered his name of course. It was one of the hundreds of names in my little black book of history contacts that I circular-filed when moving to Rosebud.

The reason for my lack of success was RIGHT SOUND-WRONG SPELLING. In my mind, Bruce's surname had become Barber and Thomas Napier's son-in-law had become George Page Barbour; you'll never find an entry in Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS, PAST AND PRESENT (1888) for George Page Barbour but you will find one for George Page BARBER (still at Warrnambool after being a partner in one of Melbourne's earliest law firms). It was when I started transcribing the index for KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I suspected my memory had,in the words of Maxwell Smart,"Missed by that much!"

Bruce and I had several lengthy phone conversations but I never realised how far-ranging his interests lay as shown by his OVERSITE below. It would be interesting to know if he was a descendant of Robert the Bruce or the author of the tale. I feel privileged to have been of assistance to such a clever man.

It could be said that Bruce's OVERSITE corrected my OVERSIGHT!

Oversite
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Thank you for visiting my site.

This site contains some thoughts on a range of subjects which interest me. I will slowly add more subjects over time.

An understanding of the functioning of a society is important, particularly if you wish to address some of the social problems that are occurring, such as crime. A comprehensive theoretical understanding of social processes is necessary to ensure that any policy put in place addresses all aspects of the problem and does not have unforeseen consequences. The article "Sociology and Criminology" is part of my attempt to understand the workings of society. The approach offers a simple rational understanding of crime. It is my attempt at an over-arching theory of crime which strangely seems to be missing from crime theory. There are a lot of theories but they tend to only take account of crimes for a particular socioeconomic sector or crime type - no theory ties them together. Another thing that I noticed about current crime theory is the lack of a theory which takes account of a persons beliefs and philosophies. Some of the greatest crimes in history are due to misguided beliefs e.g. Hitler's belief in Aryan superiority and the numerous religious wars. So it is quite logical to me that belief and personal philosophy can also play a part in the lesser crimes of society.

Australia becoming a Republic is not the most pressing of issues facing the country however it will come up again in the future. It is important that Australia gets the correct model of the Republic. The Republican movement is hopelessly split. Direct Election of a President has a number of risks for Australia and is not preferred. I wrote on this at around the time of the Republican Forum. The article "The Republic" is a modified version of this.

The Internet is of course a subject of great interest. I have some concerns that the Internet will be dominated by big business and big Government, to the exclusion of community groups. It also concerns me that the Internet could be another force for the destruction of local neighbourhood community as people find it easier to communicate outside the community through the Internet. However this need not be the case if the community can realise the potential of the Internet to communicate, not just across the world but across the street. I have set up "The Strathmore Website" as an example of a community website and also written some further ideas in "Internet and the Community".

The environment should be the concern of all citizens. I have listed some practical suggestions for changing our current approach to the environment in "Green Oversite". All we need is the will to change.

The Miscellaneous Ideas Page is a holding page for short pieces I have written. Some are based on letters I have written to politicians and others when I recently found myself with a bit of extra time on my hands (some call it unemployment) and the Government at that time seemed to be calling for ideas.

The Music and Other Stuff includes some of my favourite music as found on YouTube - sorry no free downloads here. Also includes a YouTube climate change and other documentaries.

Favourite Software is my selection of the most useful free software that I have found.

I hope you find some interest in the above articles even if you do not agree with the sentiments expressed. I encourage you to Email me if you wish to comment on any of the articles.

Cheers!

Bruce Barbour.

A CORRECTION: DROMANA HOTEL, ESTABLISHED 1862, VIC., AUST.

The superb laminated place mat,detailing the history of the Dromana Hotel (and its competitor) that Ray Stella had printed has an error and it's all my fault. As my journal THE ORIENTAL COAST OF PORT PHILLIP BAY explains, a misreading of Colin McLear's information led me to believe that the Dromana Hotel was built in 1857. Ray used my information about the two hotels,adding that Prime Minister, John Curtin,had lived at the Dromana while his father was the manager and that the Stellas had bought the hotel in 1986. Ray, who has great interest in the hotel's history, could have included more information such as the internal wall (that Ray showed me)which was part of the original building, and that John Coleman died at the hotel after having sold it.

That the construction date was wrong was indicated by my seeing a reference to Richard Watkin leasing William Dixon Scurfield's hotel after 1857. I checked the first (1864) rates but found that both hotels were in operation:
William Dixon Scurfield, house,9 rooms, hotel,Dromana;
Richard Watkins (sic)12 roomed brick house, Hotel Dromana (nett annual value 110 pounds.)

The reference then must have been on trove. In looking for the information that I know is there (it's in the ORIENTAL COAST journal), I discovered that the competitors were actually partners in 1858.

DROMANA.
On Port Phillip Bay, about 45 miles from Melbourne, at the foot of Arthur's Seat,parish of Kangerong, county of Mornington. Upset price, 8 per acre. Lot 3. Two roods, 28 the lot. Scurfield and Watkin.


(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 11 May 1858 p 5.) See 10-5-1858.

This is what I was looking for.
Richard Watkin, Scurfield Hotel, Dromana. Postponed for 14 days.
(DISTRICT LICENSING COURT. (Before Septimus Martin, S.M, (chairman), P. Davis, Edward Cohen, Samuel Heaps, Walsh, Ballen, and Vaughan, Esqs., J.P.'s.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 21 April 1858 p 6 Article.

A new thematic display at the Dromana Museum will hopefully be ready for History Week 2013. While tourism was being discussed at a planning meeting, the consultant was unimpressed with my comment that shooting (hunting) was one of the early tourist attractions. Richard Watkin would have understood me.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 27 August 1858 p 8. SCURFIELD HOTEL, Arthur's Seat, kept by Richard Watkin. Abundance of game. Horses and dogs always ready.

Richard was also involved with the timber trade that caused Dromana's development. The timber-getters, bullockies and ship owners involved in his supply chain are discussed in my ORIENTAL COAST journal.

TO CONTRACTORS.The undersigned is prepare to supply any quantity of POSTS and RAILS Sleepers, hewn and sawn Timber. Piles, and SquS,Timber. RICHARD WATKINS, Scurfield Hotel,Dromana, Arthur's Seat.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 30 November 1858 p 7.)

Richard soon had competition.
TO CONTRACTORS or TIMBER MERCHANTS.
-PILES, Squared Beams, Posts and Rails, or any description of Hardwood SUPPLIED in Melbourne or Williamstown, at low rates. A large quantity prepared for delivery. Orders promptly attended to. Reference-Neil M'Lean, Esq , 11 Swanston-street; or Messrs. Musson and Co., Collins-street west. No connection with Mr. Watkins, Dromana,
Survey Bay
. Post address, Dugald M'Queen, Dromana Post-office, Survey Bay, Arthur's Seat.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 7 December 1858 p 7.)

10-5-1858.
The block for which Scurfield and Watkin paid 28 pounds on the previous day, as reported on 11-5-1858, was, without dispute, crown allotment 1, section 2,township of Dromana. On the township map the grantees are recorded as W.D.Scurfield and R.Walker. (I'm not the only one who makes mistakes!) This block was on the west corner of The Esplanade and Foote St. Consisting of 2 roods, it had frontages of 50 metres to the former (halfway to McArthur St) and 40 metres to the latter. This block is now bisected by the start of Latrobe Pde.

I believe that Richard Watkin was a builder. This belief is based on his involvement in the timber trade. He may also have been a bricklayer. I have not seen one reference to a bricklayer in Dromana's history so it is possible that he built the Dromana hotel himself. Whether he got Peter Pidoto or whomever to return with bricks after carrying his timber to Melbourne or obtained them from Walter Gibson's clay pit on "Glenholm" or Captain Adams (whose son supplied the bricks for the Anglican church at Dromana) can only be guessed. Here are Colin McLear's words which I misunderstood.

P.38.Richard Watkin is credited with having had built in 1857 the first house in Dromana as distinct from Kangerong...He also constructed a store.
P.54.In the 19th Century prospecting days, miners could sell their findings to Dawes who ran a store on the corner of Foote St and Latrobe St in the first Carnarvon which then stood there. On the counter stood his gold scales in what was the first Dromana Post Office. P.82. This building was constructed of McCrae granite. Walter Gibson later built a new post office in the centre of town...


In articles from 1861, it appeared that the Hotel Dromana had been built but further examination of election meetings revealed that "hotel, Dromana" was actually Scurfield's hotel.


LAW REPORT. INSOLVENT COURT. MONDAY, APRIL. 20
(Before W. B. Noel, Esq, Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates.)
CERTIFICATE MEETINGS.
Certificates of discharge were granted to the following insolvents, there being no Opposition ;J. A. Creelman, of Richmond, surgeon ; William Lewis Hall, of Melbourne,agent ; Joseph Davies, of the United Company, Ballarat, miner; Louis Hirschfield, of Melbourne, bird dealer ; Kingwall and Watkin, of Dromana, storekeepers (to Watkin
only) ; etc. (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 21 April 1863 p 6 Article.)

DROMANA HOTEL, Established 1862.- First class accommodation and sea bathing. Coach from Melbourne daily. Steamer Williams four times a week. Tho scenery around Dromana is unrivalled in the colony. Terms moderate Horses and vehicles at low rates . R. Watkin, Proprietor.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 16 January 1880 p 3.)

A HERITAGE WALK IN ASCOT VALE, ( VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.)& two Bruce families.

Contacting the Essendon Historical Society

Location Address:
Cnr Kellaway Ave and Mount Alexander Road, Moonee Ponds.

Mail Address:
768-770 Mt. Alexander Rd, Moonee Ponds 3039

Email: esshissoc@mail.com Phone:03 9370 4607

(Please remember that our members are volunteers, and may not be able to take your call due to work or other commitments. Often e-mail is the best method of contacting the Society.)

President: Judy Maddigan judy.maddigan@hotmail.com

Vice President: Bob Chalmers

No matter how much they love their parents, adopted children often have a desire to meet their birth parents. Probably millions of people around the world are researching their family history for, I think, the same reason; to find out where they come from. When we can recount Aunt Polly's eccentric ways, somehow it adds to the sum of "being me".

Councils spend a lot of money in an effort to produce a sense of community. Australia Day festivities attract large crowds and a shared sense of being an Aussie is evident but the level of community spirit developed is nowhere that experienced by pioneers, and as soon as a community event is finished, many people go back to their homes, fortresses with high fences that act as barriers to community engagement.

By pioneers, I don't mean a century or more ago. Personally, I have fond memories of Tullamarine in the first half of the 1970's where people were working together to establish activities for children, develop the hall, get a kindergarten and so on. The person that did not know and enjoy the company of close to a hundred fellow residents was rare indeed.

Any attempts to develop community spirit without a knowledge and appreciation of where that community has "come from" is like expecting an orphan (from birth)to develop a sense of family. The prime aim of historical societies should be to help residents know where their community has come from (as well as helping family historian tell their potential readers whey they come from,of course!)

And that's just what Alex Bragiola and Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society are doing! I have known Bob for ages, through cricket and teaching,but more about him later. I have known Alex for over a decade. He gave me great assistance when I was researching EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA, finding items in the archives at the Court house museum and providing information about historic, but less well-known houses between Glass and Woodland Sts.

Bob, among his numerous services to the community was a long-time secretary of the Essendon (and district) Churches Cricket Competition, (which had several name changes)and the Essendon State School Sports Association.
I followed him in the latter role and had to wear three pairs of socks at once because his shoes were so big to fill; without the checklists and guides he gave me I just would not have coped. He had written several books including THE ANNALS OF ESSENDON and histories of Aberfeldie Primary School and the cricket comp.He was inspired by the titles information in my EARLY LANDOWNERS (which was mainly about farms) and set about finding title information about section 14, Doutta Galla, bounded by Lincoln Rd, Woodland St,Moonee PondsCk-Fitzgerald Rd and Buckley St.

The history walk took place last weekend and attracted 60 people. Those who missed out can conduct their own walk by obtaining a copy of the superb booklet produced by Alex and Bob. As well as having 55 illustrations (mainly photos of the houses whose history is discussed in detail), it even tells you when to cross the road!

Those pioneers discussed are listed below. As too much detail in the booklet would not have made the walk progress smoothly, I have added some information about one or two.

William Fletcher, Andrew Binns, Charles and Joseph Bradshaw, Charles Stuart Mossman, William Hoffman, Edward Byam Wight, John Watson, Harry Jennings, Alfred Nation, William Stanford, William Aitken, Alexandra Hiskens, Archibald Herbert Cox, W.S.Cox, Arthur Vaughan Hiskens, Samuel Bruce, Walter Sylvanus Melbourne Bruce, Mrs Allison, J.F.Gibbons, John McWhae, Elizabeth Henderson McWhae, George William Deighton, Augustus Jones, John Quinn, John Parry, Mrs Anne Evans, George Holmes, Thomas Hill, William Black, Daniel R.Dossetor, Muller Bros., Hillson Beasley and Little, Angel Bros., Thomas Coker, Patrick Higgins, Thomas Williams, Cunningham John McFarlane, Rev. Donald Macrae Stewart,Jessie Stewart, Robert John Fairbairn, Fiszel Kawka, Sarah Ann Barlow, John Thomas Smith, Rev. John Martin Strongman, William Jackson, William R.Morgan, Morgan&Mackintosh, Henry Byron Moore, Alexander Gillespie, Samuel Goth Cook, John Murdoch, Mary Ann Murdoch, Edward Nathaniel Abrahams, Murdoch McKenzie, Katherine Jane Anderson, Pastor James Burchett, John Little, James Rawsthorn, James Henry Davey, Elizabeth Hoffman, John Willman, Mr Drew, R.Dixon, Mary Anne Breeze, Robert Fleming and his sister Mary Ann, John and Hannah Bloomfield, Rogerson Bullen, Thomas Brunton, Stuart Dudley Brunton, G.B.Leith,John James McCully, James Currie, Taylor and Currie, Arthur Fenton, Henry Samuel Cole, Dugald Gordon McDougall, Redmond Ross Pomeroy and his wife Teresa, John and Annie Clark, John Cameron, James Buchanan,George Napier Turner, Charles Murray Puckle, Rev. Edward Puckle,John Riley, John Wren, Benjamin Nathan, William Cox.

That's 93 names and 55 photos etc in a 16 page booklet and it doesn't even look cluttered. I wrote in the title of one of my journal "names in a list ain't much good" and I can assure you that there is much detail about each name, for example, Augustus Jones was the Secretary of the Meat Preserving Company on the Saltwater River. Some of them were architect or builders of houses and bridges, others business partners of house owners.

A BIT EXTRA.
JOHN WREN. There are an extensive biography and wikipedia entry about this Collingwood fanatic whose gifts of a fiver for a good game would have seemed like a fortune to the footballers during the depression.The wikipedia entry wrongly states that Wren was involved with the establishment of the Moonee Valley Racecourse.
Wren 's course was on the site of the Wingate Ave housing commission estate.

W.S.COX. Samuel Cox and William Samuel Cox, both butchers, the latter from Errol St, North Melbourne, leased Kensington Park, using it as the Kensington Park Racecourse for some years until the lease expired in 1882 and the land was subdivided. Cox soon leased (Feehan's?)Farm at Moonee Ponds and I have never seen any mention of an eleven year old John Wren being involved! Full titles information is available free if you request it. Buy the booklet to find out about the Secretary of the club/son-in-law.

THOMAS BRUNTON. One of the main roads of Roxburgh Park is named after Brunton, who came from Roxburgh in Scotland according to Alex and Bob.(By the way, in case you are commentating on the Essendon District Football League,Roxburgh rhymes with Edinburgh, not iceberg, you dummies!) Another main road is named after the grantee, Cameron, who named the property "Stoney Fields." (Broadmeadows Rate book 1863.)The late Donald Cameron's son John, who died aged 43 in 1882, had used this unattractive name so it must have been Charles Cameron (dead by 1895) who changed the name to Ruthvenfield. A Cameron grant just east of the Broadmeadows Railway Station was called Ruthven. There was a huge legal wrangle to sort out before the land could be sold to Thomas Brunton. (See ACTION AGAINST LAND BOOM SYNDICATE on page 10 of The Argus on 22-2-1893.)

The Kernans (see thanks for documents below) were pioneers of Somerton and John Kernan in the Pascoe Vale/Strathmore area where he named Loeman Rd after his great mate, Michael Loeman of Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island.
This comes from the Craigieburn History Interest Group's website.

Roxburgh Park Homestead as it was in 2001, photo courtesy of the National Library of Australia http://www.nla.gov.au/

Thanks to Yvonne Kernan and her family for the documents relating to the sale of Roxburgh Park in 1949

In a "Heritage Study of the Former Shire of Bulla District, 1998' Roxburgh Park was described as 'of regional historical and architectural significance' first house constructed early c.1850's and second house constructed 1895.

The first owner was Donald Cameron a Scot and he named the property 'Ruthvenfield', again reflecting its Scottish origins as Ruthvenfield is a village, in the parish of Tibbermore, county of Perth, Scotland and the bluestone and granite house built sometime after 1848. In the 1949 sale for the property it is stated 'A Granite Quarry of Monumental & Building Stone of excellent quality, a valuable asset is situate on the Southern Boundary' this is possibly where the materials for the original bluestone and granite dwelling house were extracted from.

In 1882 the dwelling was then described as 4 rooms built with stone walls and partitions of brick with a slate roof and timber cottages used for bedrooms along with various outbuildings and various family members seem to have been running the property after Cameron died.

Thomas Brunton a flour miller purchased the property in 1895. It was not long before plans were made to build a red brick house on the property and said to be the present building on the site. Brunton is attributed to being the person who named Roxburgh Park after his birthplace in Roxburgh, Scotland. It was again described in the 1949 sale as 'of brick' and built on an elevated position'. Brunton bred cattle, horses and Shropshire sheep on the property 'originally established by the late Hon. Thom Brunton, MLC as a country home and Stropshire Stud Farm'.

Brunton sold the property to a Mr. E. A. Porter who carried on a 'Lincoln Sheep and Shorthorn Cattle Stud'. The Hon. Thomas Brunton, MLC died at his Ascot Vale home in 1908 which was interestingly named 'Roxburgh'.

In 1926 the property seems to have then passed into the hands of Thomas Ellis Silvester Esq. and was advertised when auctioned in 1949, as being situated as Somerton - Broadmeadows - Greenvale District. The property was described then as situated 13 miles from Melbourne, 8 miles from Essendon and 3 miles from Broadmeadows at the end of the Melbourne - Pascoe Vale Road and you can see this demonstrated clearly by the plan of the property when auctioned.

The Roxburgh Park of old was originally located in Somerton, with Roxburgh Park only becoming its own
suburb when developed by the Urban Land Authority/Urban Rural Land Commission.

EDWARD BYAM WIGHT.
The house on his grant at the corner of Kensington and Epsom Rd was called "The Ridge", its name recalled by a street named The Ridgeway. Holy Trinity Church of England (now an eastern orthodox church) was built on part of the grant, donated by the Wight family.

PATRICK HIGGINS.
Patrick was involved in the construction of the road to Mt Alexander near Keilor and bought several blocks on the north side of this road, being part of Keilor Township in section 19 Doutta Galla (west of Collinson St.)If I remember correctly, there is more detail in Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES.

WILLIAM HOFFMAN.
His Butzbach homestead was accessed by an extremely long driveway from Buckley St. It was located near Croft St (named after a later owner) and the bend in Price St, east of Hoffmans Rd.Butzbach (later called Buckley Park, hence the name of the Douttas' home ground) extended about a half mile east of Hoffmans Rd.

BRUCE.
John Agnews Bruce (actually John Vans Agnew Bruce-see comment 1) owned the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey between Bruce Rd and the Martha Cove Waterway, extending east to Bulldog Ck Rd (Melway 151 K12.) He was a partner in Cornish and Bruce who built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway.The southern majority of the Survey was owned by Big Clarke who was supposed to have(a) given the 1000 acres to his son in law as a wedding present (A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA) or (b) sold it to him at a handsome profit (LIME LAND LEISURE.)Sam and Walter Bruce were possibly related to John, whose address was given as Essendon in a Flinders Shire ratebook (wrong-see comment 1)seen while I was researching Louis Edwin Tassell, his tenant until he died circa 1868, after whom the waterway (Tassells Creek) was named.

COKER. On the 30th ult., at his residence, 390 Latrobe-street, Thomas Coker, well known in sporting circles, aged 75 years.(P.1, Argus, 2-10-1889.) Thomas Coker may have been an early Ascot Vale resident buying 10 acres in June 1870 and subdividing the block into nine allotments. He financed the building of a number of houses in Ascot Vale Rd in the 1870's and 1880's.

JOHN THOMAS SMITH.
Seven times Mayor of Melbourne, Essendon/Flemington and Keilor councillor, Member of Parliament, short term teacher at George Langhorne's aboriginal mission on the site of Melbourne's before launching into business, builder of Ascot House in Fenton St, Ascot Vale, grantee of the north west corner of the parish of Moorooduc which became the Ranelagh estate at Mt Eliza (plaque at entrance); not really that much to say about him!!

ARTHUR FENTON. Later owner of Ascot House. If I remember correctly he was a daring young man in a flying machine.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

A LONG WALK FOR TWO TODDLERS, MOONEE PONDS TO TULLAMARINE, VIC.,AUST.

Gordon Connor was born in 1899. His father was a bootmaker at Moonee Ponds and had married a daughter of Charles Nash of Tullamarine*. One of the many stories that Gordon told me was used in my book WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR, finished just in time for the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, to illustrate how much the children walked in early days.
P.42. "One day Olive Connor and Ethel Cummins, two Moonee Ponds girls hardly out of the toddler stage, decided they'd walk up to see Grandma Nash at "Fairview" in Tullamarine (Melway 5 F6).Kidding their absence didn't cause some anxiety until their location was discovered."

After doing a fruitless trove search for Ethel Cummins, I entered Olive Connor and struck gold.
NASH. -In loving memory of our dear cousin, Percy, loved youngest son of Charles and Ellen Nash, Tullamarine, who passed away 16th July,1921.To know him was to love him.
(Inserted by his loving cousins, Ethel Kelly and Olive Connor, Moonee Ponds.)(P.13, Argus, 15-7-1922.)

It seems from the death notices below that Gordon had given Ethel's married name and that she was the daughter of Emma Nash who had become Mrs Kelly.

*CONNOR. On the 19th December, at Epworth private hospital, Amelia, beloved wife of Joseph Connor, 18 Wilson street, Moonee Ponds, mother of Olive (Mrs. Rae) and Gordon, loving mother-in-law of May and Walter, dear grandma of Betty,Colin and Gwenda Rae also Jack Connor -Passed peacefully away. (No mourning.)
CONNOR (nee Nash) -On the 19th December at Epworth private hospital, Amelia beloved wife of Mr Joseph Connor of 18 Wilson street Moonee Ponds and loving sister of Mary Ann (Mrs. Furphey, deceased) Thomas, Elizabeth (Mrs. Furphey), Ann (Mrs Gordon), Emma (Mrs. Kelly ), Charlie(deceased),Ellen (Mrs Cooper), and William, in her 65th year. Peace perfect peace.
(P.1, Argus, 21-12-1931.)

A TWELVE YEAR OLD'S DROMANA IN 1917. (VIC., AUST.)

HONORABLE MENTION.
44 Sydney-road, Brunswick.
Dear Cinderella,- 30/5/17
This is the first time I have written to you. I will take for my subject Dromana, a seaside town 44 miles away. First of all we get the boat at Port Melbourne, at about 11 o'clock. Then we start off down the Bay, sometimes calling at St. Kilda and Brighton. After a couple of hours' trip we reach Mornington, and a little further on Dromana. The place I was stopping at is about 500 yards from the beach. To the back of the township there is a mountain, called Arthur's Seat, on the top there is an old lighthouse, from which you can see Melbourne on a very clear day. A little to the east and further down the mountain is the Cairn Memorial of Flinders. It is thought to be standing where he stood on the day he landed. About a mile from the Cairn, there were found three old muskets, which were thought to have been left by Flinders, but it was not so. On the road to Rosebud there is the South Channel lighthouse, and further along still, past Rosebud, there are the graves of three old pioneers, John Silkhorn and two other pioneers. Besides the graves, the site of the first house in Victoria, can also be seen. I think Dromana is one of the most interesting towns in Victoria. There is the beach, the bush, the mountains, and almost everything that can be thought of. In the gullies there are numbers of different wild flowers and ferns; the coral fern is like a piece of coral. One day, while up the mountain, we saw a fox (the first one I had ever seen) that, as soon as it saw us, turned and ran for dear life itself, but afterwards we could hear it barking. Well, Cinderella, I think I will close now, hoping to get a prize.
-I remain, your new friend,
GEORGE TOWNSEND. Age 12 years 6 months.(P.53, Leader, Melbourne, 7-7-1917.)

It was a feeling of guilt that led to the discovery of this letter. A Mr Townsend had saved the life of Henry (William Burdett Coutts) Wilson's son at about the time young George (above)was born. I gave Mr Townsend's name as John in the journal about the possible first recorded use of mouth to mouth resuscitation in Australia (maybe even the world!) I did a search for "John Townsend, Dromana" in the hope that the same incident had been reported using the savior's given name. George's letter was so interesting, I decided to make it the subject of a journal now in case I was unable to re-find it later.

ABOUT GEORGE'S LETTER.
Having seen Silkhorn's name before, I suspected he might have been the first person recorded as dying in Victoria, so I googled "Silkhorn, Sorrento, Collins", the first result being:
Our Great Southern Land: Trivial History October 10
ourgreatsouthernland.blogspot.com/2008/.../trivial-history-october-10.ht...‎

The blogger, Jayne, makes history fun.
1803 Having an itchy foot and time on his hands, Collins decided to set up camp and call it a settlement at Sullivan Bay near Sorrento in Victoria.
This was the first attempt of Europeans parking their posteriors in Victoria.

1803 There's no show without Punch and John Silkhorne got in on the act by upping and dying to become the first bloke to pop his clogs in Victoria, at Collins' settlement camp thingie.. - See more at: http://ourgreatsouthernland.blogspot.com.au/2008/10/trivial-history-october-10.html#sthash.wqZnl7z1.dpuf

The OH NOES gremlins are back. Hopefully,a continuation later.....(One paragraph at a time, but it submitted!)

The other two graves were obviously also from the short-lived settlement at Sullivan's Bay.

Other features in the letter that intrigue me are the muskets found on Arthurs Seat and the (site of) the first house in Victoria. Was there an article about how the muskets actually did come to be there? I presume that the first house was at Collins' settlement. The following comes from:
Collins Settlement Site (Heritage Listed Location) : On My Doorstep
www.onmydoorstep.com.au/heritage-listing/4653/collins-settlement-site‎
----------------------------------------

The British Government's decision to establish a settlement in southern Australia appears to have been prompted by favourable reports of Port Phillip Bay and concerns about the interest of the French in the area. The colonising party despatched from England comprised military personnel, administrative staff, a few free settlers and a majority of convicts. Some were fortunate enough to be accompanied by wives and children. Lt-Governor Collins led the party of 467 persons.
--------------------------


The settlement was established on an area of land between the Western Sister and Eastern Sister, prominent headlands which mark each end of Sullivan Bay. Most of the settlement was close to the Eastern Sister. Initially a tent encampment, work commenced quickly on building a jetty and other timber structures, including huts. Local limestone was apparently used to construct chimneys for the huts, and for the building of the magazine. As well as barrels set into sand to trap fresh water, wells were dug, as were privies. Land was cleared for the growing of crops, perhaps totalling several acres.
---------------------------------------------


One last point.In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear said that John Townsend's house opposite the school on the south corner of Ligar St, was still standing. Sadly it has now been replaced by two home units. Being in the Dromana Township (west of McCulloch St), the house might have been a century and a half old! Ligar St is twenty eight eightieths of a mile from the beach= 28 chains=28x22= 460+24 yards=484 yards, which is fairly close to 500 yards, so John Townsend's house was most likely where young George stayed during his holidays.

From J. Townsend, Dromana, drawing attention to the state of the road and water-table fronting his property
at the corner of M'Culloch and Ligar streets. The corner of the latter was a perfect quagmire since the late rain.-Cr Shaw moved that the engineer inspect and report. Seconded by Cr Shand, and carried.
(P.5, Mornington Standard, 6-8-1904.)

BLAIR, DUFFY, SWANN in comment 1.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year ago

ABERFELDIE NEAR ESSENDON, VIC., AUST. (HOW SPRING HILL BECAME ABERFELDIE.)

I found this advertisement while researching 22E Doutta Galla re Airport West.

Aberfeldie was originally called "Spring Hill" by James Robertson Snr of "Upper Keilor". When he died, "Mar Lodge" passed to his son, Francis, a bachelor who became a politician,and "Spring Hill" to another son,James. The latter stayed at Upper Keilor to care for his mother but after her death,he built a mansion on Spring Hill and called it Aberfeldie.

TO Let by Tender, on Lease for Seven Years or more, one of the most desirable Farms in the colony of Victoria, and only five miles distant from the city, known as Springhill,
The property of James Robertson, Esq., of Keilor, situate in the parish of Doutta Galla, and consisting of 180 acres of rich agricultural land, entirely fenced in, and at present in cultivation.
A dwelling-house is already erected, and the proprietor of the property is disposed to treat liberally with a tenant who may desire to make improvements.
Entry will be given on the first of March next.
Further information may be obtained on application to G. MILLAR, Estate Factor, 32 Queen-street, Melbourne.

(P.3, Argus,21-11-1855.)

Spring Hill was the most southerly of many properties whose names referred to springs. William Foster called his grants (3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla) "Springs",probably due to a never-failing spring at Melway 5K12 in what became Edmund Dunn's "Viewpoint",feeding a creek that crossed Broadmeadows Road (now Mickleham Rd) and Macedon Road (now Melrose Drive ) and, following the east boundary of today's Leo Dineen Reserve, passed through the present right of way to meet the western branch of Spring Creeknear the end of Clyne Court. Spring Creek then joined Steeles Creek (which flows through Spring Gully)just south of the boundary between "Springs" and "Springfield" at Melway 15 F7, that point being a water reserve.Another tributary of Steeles Creek starts in Airport West and flows through "Spring Park" to join up just south of the A.J.Davis Reserve.
Wilson and James Anderson's farm on Main's Estate, west of Hoffman's Rd was called Springbank. Dugald McPhail bucked the trend and called his farm (between Rosehill rd and Buckley St)"Rose Hill".

MAURICE QUINLAN AND ABERFELDIE.
Bookmaker Maurie died in 1918 and his residence, the Aberfeldie mansion, was advertised for sale along with part of Airport West and many farms near Bulla.


"ABERFELDIE", Essendon, the residence of the late Mr Quinlan consisting of handsome bluestone dwelling, containing 9 rooms, bathroom, pantry,scullery, and large vestibule, bluestone stable (5 stalls, loose box, feed room, harness room), man's quarters, and sheds. Land 300ft frontage west side Aberfeldie street situated within ten minutes' walk of Essendon railway station, off Buckley street, and commanding a position that is entitled to be designated as superb.
(P.3,Argus, 26-4-1919.)

Anyone wishing to know more about the mansion or the development of Aberfeldie should visit the Essendon Historical Society's Courthouse Museum at Moonee Ponds.