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The attached map shows the parishes of Tullamarine and Maribyrnong.

The map was published in 1892 when the prospect of the construction of a railway to Bulla, either along the east bank of the Saltwater River (Maribyrnong River and Deep Creek) or along Bulla Rd., seemed a reality, and speculators had bought many farms along both routes. Tullamarine farms on the south side of Sharps Rd, in the parish of Doutta Galla, were also snapped up, James Sharp's "Hillside", near Barrie Rd by G.W.Taylor, and the Crotty family's "Broomfield" roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd, by the Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company. There is a special map of Doutta Galla with the landholdings of C.B.Fisher in today's Ascot Vale and Avondale Heights shaded orange.He was banking on the Saltwater River option in about 1888 at the height of the land boom. Such maps were usually shaded for use in insolvency cases. The depression that hit just after the map was produced ended talk of the railway until the latish 1920's when revived agitation was stymied by the 1930's depression.

This journal will give the names of the farms in the area covered by the map and discuss the farmers and speculators. As the whole map was not copied and would be too small to read without the ability to zoom, paste the link,, into your search bar to get the map.

Until I saw this map in late 1988, I assumed that parish maps always had the names of grantees on them; that was until I compared it with another Tullamarine parish map.

Before I start on the parish of Tullamarine, I will deal briefly with the parish of Maribyrnong west of Deep Creek. The Keilor Plains were formed by lava flows which created a plateau through which streams such as Deep Creek and Jacksons Creek carved deep valleys. Because of huge amounts of freestone settlers could usually find sufficient bluestone on their properties to build homesteads and hotels but the land was too hard to plough and generally unsuitable for agriculture. Another factor that made agriculture difficult was the low rainfall which was great for ripening hay crops if they'd received sufficient rain to reach maturity. The Tullamarine and Airport West areas were renowned for their vast expanses of oaten hay.

The silt deposited in the river flats as the valleys were carved removed the ploughing problem there regarding freestone as the rock was covered by countless metres of rich soil. This soil, replenished by every flood, allied with the supply of water from the streams, was ideal for gardening, mainly orchards at first with "Basket Davey" Milburn of Keilor becoming the acknowledge pioneer of irrigation in Victoria. William Cherry of "Seaford" at Altona was another pioneer of the big river flat along Borrell Road (formerly Arundel Road before the freeway was built)south of Bertram's ford. In the early 1900's the Spanish invasion led by Jose Borrell of "Gumm's Corner, the Cuarteros of "Rio Vista" and Jack Vert of the area north of the Bowls Club near Barcelona Avenue changed the focus to the growing of vegetables although Peter Anderson's orchard on Horseshoe Bend provided for many decades a springtime delight for anyone descending Curly's hill from the east.

However the plateau to the west of Keilor became the domain of the sheep man. In 1850, William John Turner (Big) Clarke obtained a huge special survey stretching from Sunbury to Bolinda, Clarkefield and Sydney Road but a year or so earlier had paid cash for wastelands that probably included his huge Rockbank estate. The name of his son, Wlliam John Clarke appears on the Clarke grants in the parish of Maribyrnong as his father had died and he was the owner. I have recently submitted journals about Big Clarke (a fascinating 1872 article detailing his many land purchases, probably resulting from an interview of the bed-ridden giant a couple of years before his death)and the empathy and generosity of his son towards a Dowling Forest tenant.

William Taylor was dubbed the FATHER OF KEILOR in one of Keilor's historic celebration souvenirs. He was President of the Shire of Keilor an incredible number of times. His Overnewton Estate expanded into the parish of Tullamarine; All of Arundel (section 1) and part of Annandale (section 2) were purchased under the Closer Settlement Act of 1904 and became the Arundel Closer Settlement. The huge area in the parish of Maribyrnong north of St Albans became the Overnewton Closer Settlement with one of the attractions to agriculturalists being that the land had never been under the plough. Much good land had been denuded of nutrients because the sound Scottish principle of rotation of crops with periods of fallow had not been followed so applicants would not need to fertilise the soil on this former grazing ground. An OVERNEWTON search will provide much more detail.

James Robertson's estate was called Upper Keilor. There are plans to restore his historic bluestone homestead near the Keilor Public Golf Course*. He also bought land near Aberfeldie which he called Spring Hill but was named Aberfeldie after the mansion his son James built there after the death of his mother at Upper Keilor. James Jnr's daughter married Coiler McCracken, son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan. Coiler's mansion Earlesbrae Hall in Leslie St, Essendon, is now part of the Lowther Hall Anglican school.

* Star Weekly | Historic Robertson's homestead may be restored › News

James Robertson Snr. also bought land in North Essendon between McCracken St and William Hoffman's "Budzbach" which was inherited by his bachelor son Thomas who became a member of parliament and called his property "Mar Lodge".His historic homestead remains at 33B? Forrester St.
Deidre Farfor, mentioned in the article about the proposed restoration of the Upper Keilor homestead, was one of my first history buddies and has contributed greatly to my understanding of the three Robertson families and the McCrackens.

Small blocks along Sunshine Avenue resulted from the alienation of the Keilor Farmers' Common in the 1870's with most blocks being bought by early Keilor pioneering families such as Brown and Fox.

John Pascoe Fawkner bought land at the north west corner of the parish of Jika Jika for himself but also bought many grants on behalf of those who joined his land co-operatives at today's Hadfield and East Keilor as well as crown allotment 10 on Tullamarine Island, 13B south of Mansfields Rd, 13A north of Mansfield's Rd with George Coghill, later partitioned with Fawkner getting the southern half,and section 7, Tullamarine with the part east of Bulla Rd being swapped with John Carre Riddell for the part of section 6 west of Bulla Rd.

This was between Jacksons Creek and Deep Creek and went north to the Bulla-Diggers Rest road in the parish of Bulla but being north of the line of Grants Rd was entirely within the SHIRE of Bulla.

Paul Tate was not a member of Fawkner's land co-op. re crown allotment 10 but finished up owning most of section 10 as well as Whiting's part of 11B.

Surprisingly absent from the buyers of section 10 lots were the Tates whose land (N.A.V. 177 pounds in 1882) probably included many of the section’s 448 acres. George Randall may have had part of the section near the famous basalt organ pipes. In “Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales” excellent detail about the Tates is presented; I will not repeat it here but I wish to refer to two points.
Firstly the family was on section 10 by at least 1859 when James was born. The second point is that their property was known from the first as Pleasant Vale, with Cooper Rd being the driveway to the homestead, according to Ed. Fanning. The “estate” which James bought at Diggers Rest after marrying Elizabeth Milburn was merely an extension of Pleasant Vale across Jacksons Creek, in McLeods Rd near the Holden school where James had been educated.

Shire of Bulla rate records indicate that among the pioneers of Tullamarine Island were: Michael Loeman (grantee of Glenloeman) the Fannings (“Sunnyside”; much detail in “Bulla Bulla” by I.W.Symonds.), Randalls, Bedfords, Junors, Grants (Craigllachie), Skews, Dugald and Margaret Stewart, Elizabeth Ramsden (leasing Glenloeman in 1902) and Malcolm Ritchie and W.D.Peter of Overpostle.
The map of “Tullamarine Island” farms on the next page has been compiled largely from information supplied by the late Bob Blackwell who was a grandson of bridge- builder Bedford. Information about Donald Junor’s “Fleetbank” came from Ed.Fanning who confirmed Bob’s locations.

The map can't be attached here as only one photo can be attached.
Section 10 was subdivided with Pleasant Vale being the largest farm on it. No names have been found for farms in the southern portion of section 10 but here is some detail of the owners.
Abraham Hodgkinson’s farm consisted of lots 7, 8 and 9. The part of it that is now part of the park passed to his widow Harriet, who also received the grant for allotment 7A of section 5, Holden on 1-12-1875. (Harriet then lived in Holden, so the farm on lots 7 and 8 was then called the “Old Farm”.) Harriet’s second husband, William Sharp, bought lot 6* on 29-6-1865, so Harriet (a daughter of Thomas Faithfull) would have toiled on lots 6, 7, 8 and 9 as well as Starr Grove. The rest of Abraham’s farm was sold to Harry Mildenhall, husband of Harriet’s sister. Henry sold this to George Randall for 75 ½ pounds on 3-4-1862.
*Lot 6 was sold to Sharp by R.G.Nichols (who had bought it from Lewis on 23-8-1854 for 120 pounds) .Was this George Nicholls who married Harriet’s sister Jane? Nichols sold to Sharp for only 60 pounds.

George Randall also bought lots 11-15 from Thomas Fraser on 20-11-1861 for 325 pounds (112 484). It is likely that Randall also bought lots 10 and 16 from Fraser. Ed Fanning says that the 108 acres that Alf Randall had after Hall had bought this section 10 farm was in the western quarter of 11B.

Crown allotment 11A became known as "Bulla Park". The Faithfulls may have called it Starr Grove.
Thomas Faithfull bought the 333 acres from the grantees (Cay, Chapman and Kaye) for 1665 pounds on 26-7-1852. (21 821) On 10-9-1854, Thomas conveyed the eastern half of the allotment to his son, Moses, for L832/10/-. Its southern boundary went west 45 chains from the south east corner to compensate for the eastern boundary being only half a mile. (21 822)

Both Thomas and Moses mortgaged their portions to the Land Mortgage Bank of Victoria. Thomas was apparently unable to repay and this bank sold his portion to John Skuse on 11-4-1871 (209 779). Moses’ land was reconveyed to him but on 4-12-1873, he sold it to John Skuse for 400 pounds. John Skuse conveyed Thomas’s portion to William Henry Croker (347 776) and it is likely that Croker also bought Moses’ portion.

It is likely that Bulla Park passed from Croker to Whiting, who died on 17-6-1929. Croker later owned Woodlands in Oaklands Rd near Bulla and his near neighbour there, W.D.Peter of Dunalister, bought Overpostle on the Island.
It is likely that the 333 acre Bulla Park was part of the 658 acres of Robert Selmon Whiting in 1902 and Duncan & George McLeod & John Anderson in 1914. It was definitely part of Thornton’s 760 acres in 1922. Billy McLeod apparently bought the farm from Thornton in the 1950’s.

Crown allotment 11B was subdivided into three farms the easternmost of which was part of "Overpostle". The westernmost 2150 links (430 metres) of 11B’s Loemans Rd frontage was that of the part that John Heagney sold (application and release) to Michael Heagney for 450 pounds on 13-7-1854 (14 420). On 2-5-1864, Michael Heagney sold it to Paul Tate for 900 pounds (138 819).
In the wild atmosphere of land speculation in 1888, W.H.Croker bought this farm from Paul Tate on 18-5-1888 (this was not registered with the Supreme Court until 22-5-90)
for 3400 pounds (362 430). Croker swapped it with Robert Selmon Whiting for other land (374 150) and, on 16-6-1915, Whiting sold it to George McKenzie McLeod, William McLeod and J.S.G.Anderson.

12 A Craigllachie (pronounced craig el ockie) or Deep Valley.
Crown allotment 12A was "Craigllachie". The grantee was John Daly.
John Daley’s daughter, Mary, married Michael O’Brien.
On 16-3-1869, John Daley conveyed Craigllachie to Michael O’Brien and his wife Mary:
“In consideration of the natural love and affection which the said John Daley hath for his daughter, the said Mary O’Brien, and for the said Michael O’Brien and for divers other consideration thereunto moving.”

Bulla’s ratebook of 1882-3 shows that Katherine and James Heagney (probably the widow and son of John, who’d owned 11B) were leasing a property (N.A.V. 48 pounds), which was almost certainly Craigllachie. I do not intend to pursue title any more on this property. The Grants seem to have been on it by 1897. Symonds states on P. 52 of “Bulla Bulla” that Robert Grant of Craigellachie received a special mention for vegetables at the first Bulla Show of 1-5-1897.
In 1914-5 William Fraser Grant, whose occupation was given as Inspector of Works, was listed as the owner and occupier of 140 acres and a closed road of 5 acres (which used to join Loemans Rd and Mansfield Rd). By 1922-3, Craigllachie’s owner was Eric L.Grant, with other details being the same except that 140 had become 138.
As seems obvious, it was on 3-9-1936 that E.F.N.Clarke (of Pips Chips fame) bought Craigllachie and renamed it Deep Valley.

18B FLEETBANK. This 192 acre allotment was granted to Kaye, Cay and Chapman for L230/8/- on 10-12-1850. Application 31187 contains the above information and then gives the second series index numbers for: John Broadfoot, Margaret Broadfoot, Margaret Stewart and Dugald Stewart. An examination of the indexes for these four names made no mention of 18B, although Dugald Stewart is mentioned as a trustee of the Presbyterian Church land at the north west corner of lot 14 in section 10. With this lack of evidence, I am forced to guess that John Broadfoot bought 18B from the grantees, left it to wife Margaret in his will, that she remarried and that the land passed to her husband (or son), Dugald. (My guess was correct; Margaret Broadfoot became Margaret Stewart.)

The Bedfords have had Fleetbank for over half a century. Harry Bedford used to work on Glenloeman for the Crosbies and then the Powells. His son, Henry still owns Fleetbank but lives on his 60 acre “Trooper’s Bend” north east of the Bulla bridge. Growing up on Fleetbank, he used to work for Billy McLeod on Bulla Park from the age of 11, about 1950, during his holidays. McLeod bought Bulla Park for L8/10/- per acre, about the same price that Gilbertsons paid for Overpostle. Henry said that the Clarkes were on Deep Valley for as long as he could remember until about 10 years ago. Clarke of Pips Chips fame gave this new name to the Sharp family’s “Craigllachie” and used the property for Romney Marsh sheep and trotting horses.

18 A, 18 C (and 20A Bulla) Glenloeman.
These Crown Allotments, consisting of 88, 412 and 94 acres respectively made up the 594 acres of Glenloeman. Loeman bought 18A and C on 10-12-1850, a date on which Kaye, Cay and Chapman and several other grantees in Tullamarine acquired their grants.
Detailed information about Michael Loeman can be found on P. 429 of “Victoria and its Metropolis” (A.Sutherland) and details of the ownership of Glenloeman on page 54 of “Bulla Bulla “ (I.W.Symonds).

Part of Glenloeman was purchased by Alister Clark of Glenara to protect his privacy. The 1914-5 rates show that William Gerald and Bernard Michael Crosbie still had the whole 594 acres of Glenloeman but by 1922-3 Alister and Edith Clarke had 106 ½ acres of 18C and Bernard Crosbie had 478 acres (I think the rate collector meant 488). Michael Loeman was a great mate of John Kernan, which accounts for Loeman St in Strathmore. Loeman St in Essendon is probably due to Michael’s grant of a township allotment bisected by Kiora St. The bridge in Moreland Rd was called Loemans Bridge in honour of Michael who managed and then farmed on Dr McCrae’s Moreland Estate for many years before settling on Glenloeman circa 1854.

As I had not discussed Tullamarine Island in WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR (1989) and TULLAMARINE: BEFORE THE JETPORT (1998), I wanted to provide some information about the island's pioneers but had to curtail what was available (as the journal would not submit) which meant that some of the extracts above are out of context. As the journal would become too long, preventing it from submitting, I have decided to write about the rest of the parish of Tullamarine from memory, just checking certain dates etc.,rather than quoting the very detailed titles information in my TULLAMARINE PARISH: EARLY LANDOWNERS.

Crown allotment 17A was granted to Alexander Kennedy on 11-5-1849. He built the Inverness Hotel which was a landmark at Oaklands Junction for over 110 years despite occasional destruction by fire. The junction was at about Melway 177 J11. It was so named because the road to "Oaklands" (homestead at 385 B9) headed north from that point.

Crown allotment 17B was granted on 16-12-1848 to George Coghill who called it Glencairne. On 10-12-1850, George Coghill and John Pascoe Fawkner were granted crown allotment 13A south to Mansfields Rd and on 28-9-1852 they partitioned the property, the 246 acres north of the original east west runway becoming part of Coghill's "Glencairne" and the southern 246 acres being allocated to Fawkner's co-op. members.

In about 1856, Walter Clark (not Clarke!)bought 17A, 17B and the northern 246 acres of 13A. He built the historic Glenara homestead in 1857. He also bought farms up Oaklands Rd., one of which he named Dunalister after his young son Alister, born in 1864. Walter was killed in a riding accident on 18-3-1873 and the Glenara estate was managed by John Kerr Clark, the estate being leased out to Russell and Davis.

After furthering his education in Scotland and at Cambridge, Alister Clark returned to Australia after graduating and in 1892 for £18,375 he bought Glenara, then 1030 acres (417 ha), from his father's estate. He was famed for his roses and his chairmanship of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its formation until his death.

Crown 13B was granted to J.P.Fawkner on 10-12-1850 and with the southern 246 acres of 13A was allocated to his co-op. members. Most of this land eventually came into the ownership of the Mansfield family. David Mansfield lived in Roseleigh, recently demolished, and sold his 13A land to money lender, Marks Herman, who was looking for a quick profit when the Bulla railway was built. Because of the 1890's depression he forfeited the land with his deposit and part payments enabling David to build a mansion named Glenalice which was just south of the e-w. runway and was demolished circa 1964.

Malcolm Ritchie bought part of 13 B from co-op. members, thus making him a ratepayer of both Keilor Shire and Bulla Shire. The driveway to the Aucholzie homestead was directly over McNabs Rd from Grants Lane, the boundary between the two shires.

Two early residents of Mansfields Rd apart from the Mansfields who were remembered by later generations were Donald Gray of "Bellno" and Charles Farnes. Bellno fronted Deep Creek on the north side of the road and the climb up from the ford to the Roseleigh homestead was known as Gray's Hill, according to Wally Mansfield. Malcolm Ritchie, who would have used the ford to get from Aucholzie to Overpostle on Tullamarine Island, married Donald Gray's daughter.
On the 26th ult., at North Melbourne, by the Rev.John Reid, Mr. Malcolm Ritchie, Aucholzie, Keilor,to Miss Jane Gray, daughter of Mr. Donald Gray, Bellno, Deep Creek.(P.4, Argus, 2-10-1856.)

The corner of McNabs Rd and Mansfields Rd was known as Farnes' Corner according to Wally or Keith McNab, perhaps both. The Farnes family history should be easier than many to compile because there are plenty of family notices to be found on trove. Charles' property was on 13A adjoining Gowrie Park.

Sadly Barbiston and Mansfields Rd will shortly become part of the airport and the associated homesteads have been demolished but Gary Vines' recent archeological survey will help to preserve that area's history.
The Scottish pastoral landscape in Tullamarine, Victoria (PDF ...

SECTION 12, of 640 acres east of c/a's 13A and 13B, is not so-labelled in the 1892 map. It was granted to William Thompson and David Duncan on 28-5-1850. Duncan was a builder who constructed "Roseneath" near Salmon Avenue at Essendon, which later became the residence of James Hearn Jnr., nephew of Big Clarke, who cared for his invalid uncle in his last days. Duncan, who played an important role in the establishment of what became the Royal Agricultural Society, bought out Thompson's share. Section 12 (or at least the 560 acres of it on the south west side of Bulla Rd) was called Gowrie Park but at times it was assessed as two properties (as shown on the 1892 map): Gowrie Park of about 464 acres and Gowrie Side of 96 acres 3 roods 13 perches, a total of about 560 acres. The 80 acres on the north west corner was sold off and generally was associated with Woodlands to the north. The Ritchies were executors of Duncan's will and came into possession of the 560 acre Gowrie Park. Pushing his luck to the extreme, Herman had bought Gowrie Park as well as David Mansfield's land to the west.
The Donovans bought the entire 560 acre farm but in 1943 William Ellis had arrived in Tullamarine, purchasing the 101 acres, Ecclesfield, near the south corner of Grants Rd and the 464 acre Gowrie Park from the Donovans who retained the 96 acre Gowrie Side, both farms being purchased from the same owners for airport purposes circa 1960. James Lane had owned both farms circa 1920 when it was first used as an airport.

SECTION 15, consisting of 715 acres, was granted to John Carre Riddell on 30-11-1842. Riddell later received the grant for section 6 on 30-3-1848. These two sections need to be discussed with section 7 before I deal with sections 9 and 8 to explain why Tullamarine S.S. 2613 was established at the Conders Lane corner (Melway 5 F9) in 1884. Tullamarine was never proclaimed a village but because of early subdivision of sections 7, 15 and 6, the centre of population was along Bulla Rd north of the present Melrose Drive/Mickleham Rd corner.

The road to Bulla was surveyed in 1847 but by 28-6-1850 when J.P.Fawkner bought section 7, the road had been built so Fawkner swapped the north east triangle of his section 7 for the south west corner of Riddell's section 6. Riddell sold the south east corner of section 15 to John Mansfield. This triangle later became Alan Payne's pig farm and the pig pens are shown on the airport acquisitions map circa 1960 when it was purchased from Payne. The south boundary of the triangle was Grants Lane and most of its area is occupied by the airport terminal building, Service Rd, Depot Rd and the original long term parking.

The huge blank area of section 15 at its north west end was "Glendewar". William Dewar had originally managed Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate before buying the original 377 acres of Glendewar, to which had been added the narrow northern end of Love's wedge-shaped purchase fronting the west side of Nash's Lane and Bulla Rd. (Nash's Lane was the western boundary between the shires of Bulla and Broadmeadows shown with a heavy dotted line, Charles Nash's "Fairview" being in the latter shire. Wallis Wright's "Sunnyside" fronted the west side of Wright's Lane (called Riddell Rd in the the Camieston Estate plan.) John Anderson, Thomas Purvis and James Anderson had bought lots 12, 13 and 26-31 of the estate but these fronted Derby St, not Bulla Rd as shown on the map. Pencilled lightly on the map is Derby St, showing that somebody had realised the map was wrong. Derby St started at the boundary of sections 6 and 3, forming the south east and north east boundaries of Hamilton Terrace which went to north west to Greenhill St (that part of Nash's Lane south of the freeway.)Hamilton Terrace was divided into acre blocks 200 metre deep with 20 metre frontages to both Derby St and Bulla Rd, except for a triangular block between the Derby St corner and the section 3 boundary.

Although known as Nash's Lane by locals this was labelled Victoria St in early road guides and had probably been called Victoria Road by Riddell.
([PDF]rchaeology t TARDIS - Hume City Council

The land labelled Williams* was actually "Broombank" which was a 27 or 33 acre farm in section 3now mainly occupied by Tadstan Drive, subdivided by Ray Loft in 1952. My great grandfather, John Cock, rented this farm from 1867 to 1882 when he was followed by the late Colin Williams' parents. The 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd to the homestead was Millar Rd, named by Ray after his wife Maggie, nee Millar. The farm grew to 33 acres when the former site of the Lady of the Lake Hotel was added. The farm was rented by John Cock, the Williams family and Ray Loft from Mrs Beaman, widow of David William O'Nial who established the hotel by 1849. The property was named after the Cape Broom hedge through which the O'Nial girls watched the Burke and Wills expedition straggle by in 1860 on its way to the second camp at the Inverness Hotel.

Hamilton Terrace crossed the boundary between section 6 and section 15, as did the land labelled Bourke. The name, Bourke, was not seen during my Broadmeadows Shire rate research so he was obviously a speculator. The property was "Chandos" after which I had a street named at the north west corner of the former Willowbank farm, the Alanbrae Estate.This 467 acre property was bought from Riddell by John Peter. It was bounded on the west by Derby St and Wright St, Moonee Ponds Creek, and today's Mickleham Rd south to the Freight Rd/Londrew Court midline. Ray Frost*, a teacher, had bought the part in section 6 south to about the Western Avenue corner, consisting of 180 acres, according to a pencilled note on the map. This middle portion of Chandos was later occupied by John Cock and then became William Lockhard's "Springburn". The part in section 15 including Bamford Avenue eventually became Percy Judd's "Chandos Park" and was bought by Bamford circa 1950. The southern 140 acres fronting Derby St and Old Broadmeadows Rd became the Wright family's "Strathconnon".

Re Frost, Williams, Mansfield, Vaughan,Wright, Tullamarine S.S. 2613 etc. paste into your search bar.

N.B. SECTION 7 (V11) IS WRONGLY LABELLED ON THE 1892 MAP AS SECTION 6 (V1). Numbering of sections started in the bottom left corner of the parish heading east 1, 2, 3, 4 and then 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 heading west. Section V1 has been written twice.

Fawkner's section 6 and 7 subdivision extended from Post Office Lane, immediately across Bulla Rd from the Derby St corner to Grants Lane, with a southern boundary of 2.4 km and a northern boundary of 800 metres.
The section 6 land became the Parr property, "The Elms" or "Elm Farm" and John Beech's large block, purchased on 1-5-1851, on which he built the Beech Tree Hotel. Mary Vaughan was the only co-op. member in section 7 whose surname appeared in Keilor rate records from 1868. A descendant of George Scarlett has contacted me. As with section 10 and section 13, the small blocks were consolidated to form Love's dairy farm near Conders Lane or become part of the McNabs' "Oakbank", which Love's dairy farm later did after being destroyed by a fire. The Andersons later had a fairly large property "Sinleigh?" on the west side of "The Elms".

One property on section 7 that appeared in ratebooks for many decades was the 101 acre property "Ecclesfield".
It had belong in succession to the Speirs, Vaughan families and A.H.W.Ellis. It appears to have been an L shaped property (rotated 90 degrees clockwise) occupying lots 13-17 of Fawkner's subdivision (bisected by Francis Briggs Drive) and 18, 19, 20 between Mary Vaughan's purchases and the Seafield boundary (top half of section 8.)

SPEIRS—On the 8th.September at his residence "Ecclesfield", Tullamarine Peter, the dearly beloved husband of Alice Mary Speirs, aged 64 years.Deeply Regretted.(P.13, Argus, 9-9-1911.)
Newspapers prefer bad news and there were countless reports of Peter's suicide.

Peter's death record confirms that his father was the one involved in the 1869 tragedy.
EventDeath Event registration number10050 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameSPEIRS Given namesPeter SexUnknown Father's nameSpeirs Jas Mother's nameMartha (Ruddock) Place of birth Place of deathMelb E Age44

ACCIDENTAL DEATH.—An inquest was held by
Mr. Candler, on Saturday, on the body of
James Spier, a farmer, fifty years of age, who
died at Tullamarine, on the 1st instant, from injuries
received through being run over by a dray.
On the morning of the day named, deceased was
driving a dray, and a man named Mitchell was
driving another; the deceased was walking aforeside
the horse with one hand on the trace, when
he asked Mitchell to touch up his horses. Mitchell
did so, and the team went off at a trot.
Deceased hung to the traces for some time. but
losing hold, he fell, the wheel passing over him.
The jury returned a verdict that the deceased
was accidently (sic) killed by dray-wheel passing
over his body.(P.12, Advocate, 9-10-1869.)

After Peter's death in 1911, Ecclesfield was taken over by a member of the Vaughan family, residents in Tullamarine near section 8 since the 1850's. No surprise that Herbert was into Ayrshire cattle whose breeding had commenced on the adjoining section.
On account Of Mr. Herbert D. Vaughan, Ecclesfield, Tullamarine: Roy of Ecclesfield,
(P.2, Stock and Land, 29-9-1915.)
Some of the Vaughan family moved north in about 1919 and obviously preferred the toffee coloured dairy cows. Paste into your search bar.

Having dealt with sections 15, 6 and 7, all subdivided in the early 1850's, I will now discuss sections 9 and 8 to the west and section 5 to the east.

Section 9A, of 371 acres between Barbiston Rd and an eastern extension of Grants Lane to Deep Creek became Aucholzie. Later the property was expanded into 13B with the purchase of some former co-op. blocks in 13B. By 1888, 95 acres fronting Barbiston Rd, on which Agnes Ritchie had been assessed, had become the second VICTORIA BANK, established by Angus McNab; the first Victoria Bank having been his father's share of section 8 before he'd moved away, that 180 acres being absorbed into the southern portion, Oakbank. Victoria Bank was later owned by noted journalist C.P.Blom, Griffin and Al Birch. Later Victoria Bank was subdivided into 10 acre blocks, one of them being called THISTLEDOME which, as I finally worked out, probably meant THIS'LL DO ME. The Shaw family bought the block fronting Barbiston Rd, naming the mini mansion "Rosebank" and when I visited c. 1989, I was shown a very old homestead near the Barbiston Rd frontage, which might have been the original Aucholzie Homestead, an the beautiful garden surrounding a small ornamental lake. Mrs Shaw told me about two ladies, McNab descendants, who had visited one day.

Aucholzie was assessed as 284 acres in Keilor rate records and 110 acres in Bulla rates, the latter consisting of former co-op. blocks on 13B. Its owners over the years including the Ritchies, Pat Murphy by 1915, W.Cusack and Gilbertsons, the butchers. Unfortunately the Aucholzie homestead was derelict by 1989. Gary Vines has information about Aucholzie and 9B (Barbiston) in his aforementioned work.

Section 9B consisted of 261 acres but Barbiston consisted of 165 acres south from Barbiston Rd to the Maribyrnong River, John Grant of "Seafield" (northern half of section 8) having purchased a 96 acre river frontage between McNabs Rd and the river, labelled W.P.Wynne on the 1892 map.

The first mention of Barbiston on Trove was in 1882 so Richard Gibson must have coined the name. Like the Grants and McNabs on section 8, he was an Ayrshire breeder. W.Grant bought the property in mid 1887 and sold it in mid 1888 at a 2700 pound profit to the McCracken Bros., brewers.(P.2, The Bacchus Marsh Express, 2-6-1888.)

E.A.Patterson was on Barbiston in 1890 and W.P.Wynne advertised a clearing sale in 1895, the property having been let to Mr Mansfield. After having been subject to rapid changes of occupants, stability was to return to Barbiston for at least half a century in 1901.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold the farm at Tullamarine known as Barbiston, containing 163 a. 2 r. 14 p., to Mr. Michael Fox, of Keilor.(P.12, Leader, 16-3-1901.)

SECTION 8. John Grant and the McNabs were the grantees of section 8. Grant's 320 acres occupied the northern half, Duncan McNab's the next 180 acres, the original Victoria Bank, and John McNab's 180 Acre Oakbank, the southern quarter of the square mile block. When Duncan moved to Green Point at Yarra Glen, his Victoria Bank was absorbed into Oakbank.(His son Angus later established another Victoria Bank on the southern 95 acres of c/a 9A.

In wet weather the two McNab farms were accessed from Grants Lane through Seafield. From the 1850's Tullamarine children could attend the Wesleyan School near today's bend in Cherie St or the Seafield School which was on the south side of Grants Lane where the runway now crosses it. These became state schools but were closed in 1884 and replaced by Tullamarine S.S.2613 on the north corner of Bulla Rd and Conders Lane. Seafield was later farmed by the Reddans but the McNabs retained the southern half of section 8 until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960. I have written plenty in other journals about the Grant and McNab families and their prominence as Ayrshire breeders and Keilor councillors.

Gary Vines has produced a study of European heritage such as the Seafield farm and school but was not helped by an ordnance map with David Mansfield's Roseleigh wrongly labelled Victoria Bank. That misinformation seems to have been remedied.

SECTION 5. The parish map shows George Russell as the grantee of this 785 acre property on 30-11-1842 but he was acting for Niel Black, a fellow Western District squatter, and most likely conveyed it to him soon afterwards.

It adjoined the Broadmeadows Township reserve at Forman St and its south west corner is indicated by today's Lackenheath Drive/ Mickleham Rd corner. It had an extensive frontage to the Moonee Ponds Creek and was therefore described as being at Moonee Ponds leading A.D.Pyke, author of THE GOLD THE BLUE, a history of Lowther Hall, to believe it was in the suburb of that name.

The McCracken letters reveal that the farm was named Stewarton after a member of a syndicate that Black was representing in the Port Phillip District and that Peter McCracken lived there for nine wonderful years (with one exception) from 1846 to 1855. The exception was the drowning of his young son. The first Broadmeadows rate book found, 1863, shows that James Maconochie was renting the farm, now reduced to 777 acres as a road reserve had been created on its western boundary. I have recorded all the occupants of the farm up to the 1950's but that is irrelevant in this journal. John Kerr would seem to be the owner in 1892 but he wasn't. Neil Black at some stage transferred ownership to Thomas Steuart Gladstone,cousin of the Prime Minister and another member of the syndicate. In 1883, he died and his three sons became the owners of the farm, then valued at 10 000 pounds.

In 1888, G.W.Taylor agreed to purchase the land for 74 575 pounds, paying a 14 915 pound deposit with payments of 10 000 required in December 1888 and July 1889 and the balance to be paid within three years. You guessed it! Like Marks Herman, Taylor became insolvent and the Gladstones reaped continued rent from John Kerr and the deposit and part payments that Taylor forfeited as well as regaining title. In 1892-3 as I recall, John Kerr's lease of Stewarton had ended and he was replaced by my great grandfather, John Cock. The details were the same in the following year except that the farm was now called Gladstone. I think it was Jim Barrow in the 1930's who tacked Park onto the end of the farm's name. Incidentally, Taylor had also purchased Chandos on the other side of today's Mickeham Rd as well, for 50 000 pounds.

The children on section 5 were more likely to have attended school in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows between Kenny St and Forman St)than in Tullamarine. The original homestead was near Claredale Avenue and the children would cross the creek at the foot of Pascoe St. It was after having accompanied two older siblings part of the way to school that Peter McCracken's son drowned in 1852.
Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant,William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton. (P.4, Argus, 20-10-1852.)

SECTION 1. Originally known as Glengyle, this became known by the name that Edward Wilson gave to his portion of the 917 acre grant, Arundel. Edward Wilson and from 1872 Robert McDougall were section 1's most prominent owners. Wilson had been the owner/Editor of The Argus, but as his eyesight started to fail, he retired to Arundel, where he used the farm as a "model farm", acclimatising crops and animals of many kinds, such as Chinchilla rabbits and mules. He also leased section 2, Annandale. Eventuallythe Bachelor, nearly blind, retired to England where he moved in intellectual circles which included Charles Darwin.

Robert McDougall had leased "Cona", part of the "Glenroy Estate" in the 1850's and then the Aitken Estate between, and including parts of, today's West Essendon and Avondale Heights, before building his Arundel mansion and moving onto that property. He was the authority on shorthorn cattle, preferring the Booth strain and named another property he'd bought, Warlaby (Melway 384 J8) after Major Booth's stud in the old country.
(The sale of McDougall's shorthorns, Arundel and Warlaby was advertised on P.11, Leader, on 19-11-1887.)

J.B.McArthur, vice president of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its formation until Alister Clark's death,was a later owner of "Arundel Farm", the largest lots on the Arundel Closer Settlement, where the Oaklands Hunt often gathered for post-hunt celebrations. A photo taken on one of these occasions shows the homestead, as built by McDougall with its balconies, replaced by a later owner, Robinson, who replaced the facade with huge windows, described as fenestration in K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis.

In trying to find the photo, I discovered the reason McArthur had bought Arundel farm and a bit of history of Glengyle/Arundel as told by William McNab of OakBANK. The M.V.R.C. had been established at Hosie's Hotel.

Mr. M'Arthur is now one of the best known business-
men in Melbourne, being the proprietor of Hosie's
Hotel, Elizabeth-street. The catering for this
hotel has increased of late years to an enor-
mous trade, so much so that Mr. M'Arthur de-
cided to buy a property where he could grow
every needful for the hotel. Arundel is a very
old property. Mr. W. M'Nab, who is one of
the firm of M'Nab Bros., famed for the breed-
ing of Ayrshire cattle, was born, and has lived
ever since on the adjoining property, Oakland (sic)
Estate, says that the Messrs. Guthrie , were the
first holders of Arundel that he remembers. They
were great breeders of draught stock. On one
occasion a sale of draught horses was held on
this property, and the sum totalled was £6000.
Draughts were of great value in those early
days. Kangaroos were hunted on this property,
and Mr. M'Nab says rabbits were kept in warrens
and protected. Mr. R. Guthrie, agricul-
tural reporter of the "Sydney Mail,''
is a son , of one of the farmer owners
of Arundel. Mr. E. Wison next held
this property. It was managed by Mr. John
Anderson, who is now in the Warrnambool dis-
trict, on the Tower Hill Estate. Amongst other
experiments tried in Mr. Wilson's time was the
breeding of mules. Many were bred and worked
on the Arundel Estate. Next to hold the pro-
perty was the late Mr. Robert M'Dougall, father
of Mr. A M'Dougall, so long and favorably known
as the master of the Oaklands Hounds, and who
is now in Western Australia, where he acts as
stipendiary steward, and has also a business in
buying and selling of pure bred stock Mr.
R. M'Dougall was known throughout Australia
as the breeder of the Booth strain of Shorthorns.
The the property was acquired by the late Mr.
Taylor, of Overnewton Estate, and held by him
and his sons for many years. It was later pur-
chased by the Government for closer settlement.
Mr. J. B. M'Arthur purchased the homestead, a
very fine structure, that would do honor to our
fashionable suburb Toorak, and about two hundred
acres of land surrounding it. Here Mr. M'Artlmr
has made a model farm, that is considered the
most up to date experimental firm in Australasia.
An inspection of the place was made after lun-
cheon by some hundred and fifty guests, who were
delighted with what they saw. etc.(P.19, Leader, 30-8-1913.)

SECTION 2. This was between the west end of Sharps Rd and the south eastern corner of section 1 at the left side of Melway 15A 2. George Annand was a Melbourne Grocer much involved in the council and politics, but apparently not as a farmer at Tullamarine. It was advertised for lease, probably when Edward Wilson, who'd been leasing it, had sold Arundel.

SECTION 3. This square mile block fronted Sharps Rd west of Broadmeadows Rd, and like section 21, Doutta Galla immediately south, was granted to William Foster.When William inherited an estate in the old country, ownership of both passed to his younger brother, John, who'd been granted section 20 between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river. John and his cousin, William Stawell, had drafted Victoria's first constitution, John being the Colonial Secretary. When Governor Latrobe resigned, John acted as Governor for a year and the Crotty family which farmed the north west corner of 21 Doutta Galla for a century from 1860 called the original homestead on that grant the Governor's house. John rented and later sold land in section 3 east of Bulla Rd to David William O'Niall (who built the Lady of the Lake Hotel just south of the Derby St corner and had an adjoining paddock which became a farm named Broombank, and also land fronting the road to Broadmeadows Township, now the North Edge apartments, Andlon and Londrew Courts, which for years was known as the Junction Estate, land which included the later Junction Hotel.

On the west side of Bulla Rd south of the line of Post Office Lane (indicated by the northern boundary of the Trade Park industrial estate, land blocks of roughly 15 acres were sold to widow Ann Parr, John Wright, Thomas Purvis, J.F.Blanche, George Mounsey and Charles Nash with Charles also buying another 110 acres which he called Bayview. This northern part of section 3 must have comprised about 240 of section 3's 640 acres. The southern 400 acres, all west of Broadmeadows Rd, was bought by D.T.Kilburn who called it Fairfield. Kilburn seems to have occupied it for a while in the late 1860's but then leased it out to G.& A. Williamson. James Harrick later rented and owned the 400 acre Fairfield, selling it as two 200 acre farms. George Mansfield bought the eastern farm fronting Broadmeadows Rd in 1910 and immediately built a homestead near the Dawson St corner. There was presumably a homestead already on the 200 acres west of today's Fisher Grove houses. By about 1914 the Bakers were on the eastern farm, calling it Preston Park. Tommy Loft had bought Preston Park by about 1920 and named it Dalkeith. The western farm became the Reddans' Brightview and then the Doyles' Ristaro.

There was something strange about the north boundary of Dalkeith. It was a straight line but somebody had taken a triangular bite out of it! This is what caused the bite.

WESLEYAN.-On Sunday, September 16th, a new school-room, which will be used also as a place of worship, in connection with the Wesleyan Church, was opened. Two sermons were preached by the Rev. J. C. Symons, of Collingwood. The congregations were exceedingly good, as also tho collections which were made at the close of each service.

On the following Wednesday a tea-meeting was held therein, and though the weather was showery, yet the school-room was filled. Tea being over, a public meeting was held, over which J. L. F. Foster, Esq., late Colonial
Secretary, presided. After a short, but appropriate speech from the chairman, the Rev. B.S.Walker submitted to the meeting a statement of accounts, and urged the liquidation of the remaining debt. The Rev. J. Eggleston, of Melbourne, next addressed the meeting in an excellent speech, on education and its benefits, and was followed by Messrs. Parnham and Williams. The gratifying information that the building is free from debt was then announced, the Doxology sung, and prayer offered, when the friends departed, pleased and benefited by the afternoon's entertainment.

The building is situated in Tullamarine, in the Pentridge Circuit, and is near to the Lady of the Lake Inn, on the Deep Creek Road. The ground (an acre in extent) upon which it is erected is the gift of J. L. F. Foster, Esq., and is centrally situated. Previously divine service was conducted in tho house of Mr. E. Dunn, farmer, on the afternoon of every Lord's Day. (P.5, Argus, 24-9-1855.)

While researching title information for my TULLAMARINE PARISH:EARLY LANDOWNERS, I found the memorial concerning the donation of the acre site for Wesleyan School 632, volume 420 folio 301. Following measurements given in the sketch of title, I transposed the boundaries of this acre block onto Melway map 5, but to described its location I will use map 15 J1. The north east boundary of the block is Melrose Drive, not the service road with that name. The south east side is indicated by the north end of Cherie St where it turns north east to meet the service road but continued to the road itself. The width of the block is about a third of the way to Catherine Avenue and its north western corner almost meets the north end of Tracey St. The block transposed on my Melway measures 2mm by 5mm so the memorial must have stated 2 chains by 5 chains or 200 links by 500 links. in today's measurements that is a Melrose Drive frontage of 40 metres and a depth of 100 metres. (An acre is 10 square chains.)

It is of interest that the boundary between William Foster's grants, 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla, was west of Broadmeadows Rd to the end of Sharps Rd and was exactly 8000 links or 80 chains (a mile.)If you still have a Melway, measure the distance between the Broady road corner and the roundabout at the west end of Sharps Rd on map 15. It 8 centimetres so each mm represents one eightieth of a mile or a chain. Having established that such a scale existed, I was able to transpose onto my Melway every one of the blocks in Fawkner's subdivisions in sections 10, 13 and 6/7, and on Riddell's Camieston Estate (sections 6/7 and 15.)

SECTION 4. Section 4 was bounded by Broadmeadows Rd, a line east to the creek from the Lackenheath Drive corner, the Moonee Ponds Creek and the line of Sharps Rd continued east (through Caterpillar Drive and the Malvern Avenue/Coventry St intersection) to the creek, just south of the trestle bridge.
Eyre E. Kenny (after whom two streets in Broadmeadows Township were named)was granted lot 4 of 300 acres at the south end with a 3336 link frontage to Broadmeadows Rd (exactly to the Scamore Avenue corner), F.Dunbar, probably of Flemington, lot 3 of 150 acres north to a line indicated by the northern boundary of CAMP HILL PARK (east of roundabout in 15 J1), J.M.Ardlie (after whom Broadmeadows Township's main street was named), lot 2 of 225 acres with a 2223 link frontage to today's Mickleham Rd (exactly to Bickford Close / Scampton Cres. intersection)and Andrew Baxter (brother of Benjamin Baxter Melbourne's first postmaster after whom Baxter near Somerville was named) lot 1 of nearly 97 acres with a 966 link frontage (exactly to the Garryowen Terrace /Lackenheath Drive midline.)

Colonel Kenny bought lot 3 making a total of 450 acres but sold what became known as Mansfield's Triangle in parcels of 26, 52 and 11 acres, a total of 89 acres, thus making his property, Camp Hill, 360 acres. The next owner of Camp Hill was Hugh Junor Browne, the father of Dame Pattie, the wife of the father of Federation, Alfred Deakin.(
The owner mentioned on the 1892 map was Hay Lonie.

Mr Hay Lonie, whose lamented death we alluded to last week, was an old colonist, having arrived here in the year 1854 , being then 12 years old, he was born 22nd November 1842 at Cooperfife, Scotland. He was at the Ovens a short time after his arrival and at the age of 16 years he started dairying about Preston, and in 1868 he was the largest dairyman in the colony, as he was then milking 800 cows at Pasture Hill*1, Campbellfield.

Soon after 1868 Mr.Lonie bought the Golden Vein property in this district from the late Mr.L. Bourke, M.P. , which property he added to very considerably later on. About 12 years ago, he permanently settled in this
district, and at the time of his death he held about 6,500 acres, principally in Moranding, and he also
retained Camp Hill property Tullamarine, and Lochton, Bulla*2. He leaves three in family, the eldest boy being 18 years of age, one girl of 9 years, and Mrs R. G. Hudson, of Kilmore; from all the circumstances related, above as to his property it would appear that the rather vague rumors set abroad as to his position, are unfounded. We may say the feeling of sympathy for Mrs Lonie and family has been very great, and the respect in which deceased was held was evinced by the large number who attended the funeral on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Allison had the funeral arrangements at the Melbourne end and Mr Bossence took charge locally.
(P.2, Kilmore Free Press, 29-12-1892.)

(*1. Pasture Hill, containing 383 acres and 10 perches, was bounded by Pascoe Vale Rd,and Camp Rd east to a line that bisects the lake in Jack Roper Reserve,with the south east corner being that of Wallace Reserve. (Melway 6 H 10-11 to 7 B 10-11.)Boundaries based on knowledge of Will Will Rook crown allotment boundaries and a map on page 78 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY showing the 1874 sale/subdivision of the estate of the late Donald Kennedy, between Camp Rd and Rhodes Pde., into Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm (both bought by John Kerr Snr who built the historic Kerrsland which is part of Penola College)and Glenroy Farm.

*2. Lochton, north of the line of Somerton Rd and between the north-south part of Wildwood Rd and Deep Creek (Melway 177 C4) was crown allotment 5A of the parish of Bulla Bulla, consisting of 354 acres.

J.M.Ardlie moved to Warrnambool, obviously a while before 1855 when it was stated that services had been conducted at Edmund Dunn's house before Wesleyan school 632 was built near today's Cherie St.
Edmund Dunn was a brother of Henry Dunn one of the earliest pioneers of the Mornington Peninsula. Edmund combined lots 1 and 2, and his property, between Camp Hill and Stewarton, was named Viewpoint.

Edmund Dunn was a J.P.(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 July 1885 p 10 Article) and a trustee of the Tullamarine Wesleyan Church but he felt no guilt about exiting his 337 acre property in various places to avoid the toll gate (shared by the Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires)which was located near the Junction Hotel site right near the south west corner of Viewpoint (Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970.) If he was going south,he'd probably cut through Camp Hill.

(The toll gate is shown in the advertisement for the village of Gretna Green (under LONIE'S, CAMP HILL) to have been near Sharps Rd but the God-fearing Methodists would hardly have invented Edmund's avoidance, so the toll gate must have been moved to "Green's Corner" in the 1860's.)

You may recall that I hoped the hunt (in 1888) took more care while they crossed Dunn's farm than they had previously. This is what I had in mind. (Excerpt only given.)

Mr. Higinbotham and Mr. Michie, Q.C, for the plaintiff. Mr. Ireland, Q.C. ; Mr.Fellows, and Mr. Madden, for the defendant.
Mr. HIGINBOTHAM read the declaration,which stated, that on the 25th July, and on certain other days between that date and 15th August, the defendant, with men, horses, and dogs, entered certain land belonging to the plaintiff, trampling down crops, and killing and injuring certain sheep and lambs, the property of the plaintiff. The defendant had paid ?5 into court as satisfaction of damages, and upon this idea issue was
Mr. MICHIE, in stating the case, said that the plaintiff was a farmer, who was carrying on his business at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows, and the defendant was Mr. Samuel Waldock, who was no doubt known to the jury as a gentleman of sporting tastes, and the master of the Melbourne hounds. Tho action was to recover damages for the wanton injury inflicted by the defendant, accompanied by other persons, in going with horses and hounds over certain land belonging to the plaintiff. The plaintiff's object was not to obtain large damages, but he said that unless he took some very decisive action in order to make these persons responsible for their repeated transgressions of this kind, he might as well abandon his farming business altogether.(etc.)
(P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)

3 comment(s), latest 7 months ago


I couldn't remember the name of the timber business that operated on lot 1 of the Hindhope Estate on the west corner of Pt Nepean Rd and First Avenue at Rosebud. But I knew exactly where I could find out. The answer is on page 24 of the souvenir and although not painted green in 1954, the building looks much the same now as when H.and J.Hancock were running their timber and hardware store.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

As I scrolled through the pages, I realised that a summary of the contents, including advertisements, might be of value to family historians and local historians, who might not be directed to the souvenir on trove when they enter the surname being researched. The digitisation of "bronzed Peter Logan" which I pasted below,illustrates why trove will produce NO RESULTS when there could actually be many.Photos will not be mentioned unless they include named people or buildings.
ADV.=Advertisements ART.=Articles.

Page 17.
ADV. Colortone Brick Ltd., Cranbourne Rd, Frankston. Peninsula Bus Lines Ltd.
ART. Happy memories of the bay with photos of camper surname signs at Rosebud, Diane Mahoney and Judith
Murray at Rosebud, and Maureen O'Sullivan and bronted Pater Logan at Mt Martha. (Maureen's companion was "bronzed Peter Logan"!)

Page 18.
ADV. Warner & Robertson, 66 Main St, Mornington (Real Estate). Rowley Bros, Rye and Flinders (Butchers.)
Penders Newsagency, Main St Mornington. F.Woodcock, watchmaker and jeweller, Nepean Hwy, Rye.
Patersons(electrical), 563-7 Bay St, Frankston, with pictures of fridge and washing machine models.
The Rye Pharmacy, S.S.Goble, between pier and post office, with Southern Peninsula Bookshop in the Pharmacy.
(Pauline Powell of the Rye Historical Society has written a detailed history of this shop and its proprietors.)
George E.Davies &Co. Real Estate, Nepean Hwy (next P.O.) Rosebud.
Rye Fruit Supply, S.& E.Gillies, Nepean Hwy, Rye. Wine at Ritchie's of Frankston.
ART. YACHTING. Need for safe anchorages-Frankston (Kananook)Creek the best but mouth silts up-clubs at Frankston (Fletcher, Steele, McConville), Mornington (Hall, Willey, Berry, Moorhead, Burriss), and Sorrento (Mrs E.Brabin).

Page 19.
ADV. E.H.Goss, builder, Sorrento and pictures of some of his buildings including Delgany and a Frankston church.
ART. Photos of Fletcher's yacht and scenes at Mornington pier with captions re fishing etc.

Page 20.
ADV. Sorrento Building Supply, Bowen Rd (no proprietors named.) Point Hardware and Joinery, 51 Main St, Mornington with picture of store (Prop. names possibly on sign.)
Powell motor body repairs, Phone Frankston 1709.
Hanton's Pharmacy of Frankston.
Bill Freeman's Saturday dances at The Phillip Ballroom, Pt Nepean Highway, Rosebud West.* ( This was on the site of the new service station on the west corner of Truemans Rd. It was later used as a roller skating rink. An excellent article about the ballroom and its proprietors appeared in the Rye Historical Society newsletter. It might have been the only ballroom on the peninsula at the time but Reg? Henderson operated a ballroom at some time in the Henderson Real Estate building on the west corner of Murray Anderson Rd at Rosebud.)
Norm Wood, shoe retailer, 104 Main St, Mornington. Mornington Ice and Cordial Works, 12 Garden St.
Harmsworth Stores (McCrae P.O., newsagency, drapery, hardware).
NU Peninsula Dry Cleaners, 111 Main St, Mornington.
Frankston Blind Co (manufacturers and retailers), 580 Bay St.
Come fishing (photo of Cynthia Bliss)with details and secrets about fishing. Old Ted McComb (photo), veteran fisherman who had rescued over 30 people on the bay, told of his rescues which involved Constable Stephenson, Gregory, Burton, Middleton, Grice.)

* RE "THE PHILLIP". The ballroom was not right on the Truemans Rd corner. The following, written by Dick Rowley who moved into 1839 Pt Nepean Rd, west of the ballroom,in 1955, was published in the July-September 2011 issue of the Rye Historical Society newsletter.
In 1946 John Ditchburn built a shop and residence for H.G.D.Maxwell at 1807 Point Nepean Road on the corner of Truemans Road, Tootgarook. The Maxwell family Gwynn and Blanche and children, Jeff, Merlin and Janice lived behind in the residence. The shop proved to be a success from the start with the locals, passing trade and campers. The shop was extended three times over the years. In 1951 the family moved and started a caravan park in Woyna Avenue. (Just across Truemans Rd.)

From 1951 to 1955 the Speakman family were the proprietors. Their daughter Jan worked in the shop and later married Chris Cairns. (No mention is made of who ran the store between 1955 and 1960.) The store was later run by Maurice and Shirley Joseph (1960-5)who had three children, and Merv and Shirley Drew (1865-73), whose children were Jeff, Janice, Annette, Jillian and Robyn. Later proprietors are detailed.

In 1960,a small shop was built between Max's Corner Store and the Phillip ballroom, and for two years it was operated as a cake shop by Mrs Garner and Mrs Foster.Keith and Gwen Found then ran it from 1963-5 as a fruit and vegetable shop, from there they moved to Rosebud where they opened Found's Furniture Shop.

Operating as a take-away food shop for the last ten years by Mark and Nina,it was demolished in 2010 revealing the Swallow's Biscuits and Medallion (lemonade)signs on the west wall of the original store.

I'm breaking this journal into parts to limit the number of surnames and prevent them disappearing from the surnames list. These are the surnames entered in the surname list:


The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

This continues on from the first journal that summarised details on pages 17-20.
ADV= Advertisements, ART= Article. Businesses will not be mentioned unless they include an address or name, except where extra detail can be supplied.

Page 21.
Sorrento Hotel, W.B.Roseman. J.G.Taylor, canvas worker, 1 Main St, Mornington.
Rye Ice and Fuel Supply, Napier St, Rye. ( This was on the site of the R.S.L. car park. See Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 which includes anecdotes from former pupils including a descendant of the supplies' owner.)
Rye Cake Kitchen, Nepean Hwy, next to jeweller.
Model Beach House at Mt Eliza(not involving locals.)
The Campers-Even the Kitchen sink.(Bert Deacon, Carlton F.C.great and his colony of 21 people from Preston; Mr.G.Armstrong, sec. of the Rosebud foreshore trust; Maslen, Riddell, Evans, Purcell,Spencer, Watkins, Stokes, Cairns, Walker, Charles, Sutherland.)

Page 22.
ADV. Johnston's Menswear of Mornington. Bayside Electrical Service, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud West.
Hilltop Estate, Hughes Rd, near Koonya Beach, Archer Real Estate.
F.E.Wood, Real Estate, opposite lighthouse, Nepean Hwy. ( Wood St, between Eighth and Ninth Avenue, Is named after Forrest Edmond (Joe) Wood, a Flinders Shire councillor, who was very active regarding the foreshore and the new hall at Rosebud,lived in the McCrae Homestead. He probably operated his business, which also involved a store, from one of the shops near the pedestrian lights.)
Max Searle, furniture maker, 9 Gordon St, Mornington.
Littleton Bros., General Store and Newsagent, Nepean Hwy, Dromana.
N.M.Bartley, chemist, Sorrento.
Lynwood Dairy, A.J.Parker and Son, 15 Vancouver St, Mornington. Possibly members of the pioneering Parker family of Parkdale. If I remember correctly, there was a big dairy in Lyndhurst that replaced many small dairies when pasteurisation became a requirement and Lynwood implies a connection.
Sage's Cottage has been in the news lately with the Menzies Foundation ending its connection as an economy measure. In 1954, the cottage, "Eurutta" was still occupied by Thomas Holden Sage 83, and his sister, Miss Ellen Amynta Sage 87, who had lived in the cottage for almost 80 years.Their uncle was surveyor, Robert Hoddle, and Benjamin Baxter, whose Carrup Carrup homestead was demolished in about 1951, was their grandfather. The article discusses the involvement in the infant settlement of Melbourne of Ben Baxter and his wife, and momentoes such as John Batman's rocking chair and Hoddle's survey chain. The photo of the pair is of poor quality.

Harry McComb,the 91 year old son of Frankston's founder, Thomas McComb, told how Thomas had been the mate on a windjammer that sailed to Tasmania in 1833 but deserted his ship and married Grace in 1844 before later being attracted to Victoria by the goldrush and settling at Frankston to work as a fisherman. Grace was the area's midwife and walked miles with her babe in arms to gather support for a government school.
John McComb of Carrum/Seaford, who was almost certainly a descendant of Thomas, was the last to farm Hindhope at Rosebud circa 1913 and it is a pity that McCombe St near Rosebud Plaza was given the wrong spelling in the subdivision plan.

Arthurs Seat-Superb View has an unclear photo of Dromana and surrounds and discusses the naming and history of the mountain and the panorama it provides.

Page 23.
Redman's Timber and Hardware, Sorrento. The Oriental Hotel, Main St, Sorrento, R.J.&G.Popple.
Mornington Sports and Electrical, 110 Main St, Mornington.
Molyneux, frocks and hats by Arlene, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud,just near the hotel.
Arthur Moore, builder,78 Dandenong Rd, Frankston, established 1933.
Smith's Hardware, J.& V.Nettleton, Nepean Hwy, Rosebud.
G.S.Frean &Ride, timber and hardware, Barkly St, Mornington.
Mornington Peninsula Agricultural Society Annual Show 9-1-1954.
Sorrento's 1803 settlement. Mr.H.J.Leggett of "The Oaks", a fine old home near the settlement site, had spent 25 years since buying his property preserving the graves and collecting relics such as a 1793 cognac bottle and portions of the wooden casks that collected fresh water beneath the beach sand.The first birth,divine service, marriage, business, and burials in the (future)state involved the THORN,KNOPWOOD,HARVEY,GARRETT BLINKWORTH and SKILLMORE surnames.

William Buckley,the wild white man. Photo of Mrs Dennis (Leggett's grand daughter) of "The Oaks" holding spears that had come from Buckley's tribe. Contains a claim that Buckley was sleeping when discovered by the aborigines near Queenscliff. Without realising it, he was sleeping on the grave of an honoured chief, which in combination with his white skin, made the aborigines revere him.

To be continued in 1954 MORNINGTON PENINSULA SOUVENIR (3.)



The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 January 1954 p 17 Article Illustrated

ADV.=Advertisements. ART.=Articles.

Motor Spares, 128 Young St, Frankston. McDonald's Rosebud Newsagency.
Jacobs& Lowe, Real Estate, 35 Main St, Mornington.
H&J Hancock timber and hardware, Rosebud. (West corner Nepean Hwy and First Avenue.)
G.C.Campbell,wrought iron, Truemans Rd, Rosebud West opp.bus stop 58,rear Campbell Town Flats also at Nepean Hwy, Rosebud next to Shell garage.
H.R.Woodward and Sons, butchers and graziers, established 50 years, Edithvale, Chelsea, Carrum, Frankston. Watch for opening of new shop at Rosebud shortly.
Rye Lands Estate Sale (Formerly Rye Golf Links, W.E.Prentice, Melb. As shown by the map the golf course/Estate was south of the township/cemetery and bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde. Young Bill Prentice would drive down every weekend and park his car at the end of Lyons St to use it as a sales office. He came to like Rye so much he opened his own office there.The McDonalds called their course the St George Links. (Rye Historical Society newsletter articles.)
Golf (Margaret Masters, Lach Stanes), facitities (Frankston Hospital, Mornington Pre-school), Reg Ansett's Manyung Hotel, formerly Sir John Grice's mansion, at Mt Eliza, the next Lithgow Flash (Lois Jackman of Frankston High.)

Page 25.
N.H.MacPherson,real estate agent, Nepean Hwy, Dromana opposite pier, after hours phone Main Ridge 20. N.B. Part of the former course of Main Creek Rd in Melway 254 F-G1 is called MacPherson Lane.
McDonald's of Dromana, hardware and camping supplies, Nepean Hwy, Dromana. (It was Hinves and McDonald in the S&McD 1950 directory.)
George Austin, real estate, Frankston (photo of building.)Austin Rd in Melway 148 D3 was named after George according to Murray Gomm.
Rechter's Friendly Stores, Rosebud (a)Self Service near Murray Anderson Rd (b)Full Service Melbourne side of Boneo Rd.
June Frock Salon, Mrs June Wright prop., Nepean Hwy Rye opp. pier.
Dava Lodge golf course at Mt Martha, Busy Bay St at Frankston, two-time winner of the Mornington Cup trained by Noel McDonnell at Montana Stud next to the racecourse, Sorrento-Portsea surf lifesaving club members, Alby Morrison, star of Sorrento's premiership team at 45, and vice president Bill Roseman, with details about the M.P.F.L. and other V.F.L. and V.F.A. players (OLLE,WILSON,STAFFORD,KENNEDY)playing for Sorrento.

Page 26.
Wilson's butcheries est.1853 (in Port Melbourne), photos of three shops, the third probably the one that stood at 10 McCulloch St, Dromana next to Beauvoir, and photos of Henry, Ben and Sam.Sam lived in 4 McCulloch St.
Rosebud Real Estate Agency and Holiday Bureau with photo looking very much like Henderson's building on the west corner of Murray Anderson Rd. (It is. See page 27.)
Reg Ansett's house (Norman Lodge?), crowd scene at Mornington races, Mrs Henty's round house on Olivers Hill.
ART.The show -Mr R.E.F.Woodward, President.Mr Gadsden of Four Winds (Melway 160 K12) had entered his prize ram.

Page 27.
Austin sales and service -13 Young St Frankston & cnr Main and Barkly St, Mornington.
Gregory's pharmacy Rosebud right opposite the carnival. (Fred?) Gregory was a great member of the Rosebud community and the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce has erected his statue, trowel in hand, on a corner in the shopping strip.
Radios, Desmond Boyd, next newsagency, Rosebud.
Erlandson and Co.,Pier Store, Rye. (Pretty sure it should be Erlandsen, a descendant of Erland Erlandsen of Sorrento. The store, now a cafe,has been rebuilt.)
R.W.Riley, drapery and menswear, Back Beach Rd, Sorrento.
T.Electrics, Bay St, Frankston,right next to Snow's.
Peninsula Radio, 80 Main St, Mornington and Hotel building, Rosebud.
Cora Lynn Cafe, Nepean Hwy, Rye, M.&M.C.Milton.
Another Rosebud timber and hardware store (pictured.)
Building booms (Wakeham,Goss), the H.W.Wilson story*, Eric M.Hall and Peninsula Bus Lines, manufacturing process for colortone bricks, R.A.Leslie and Frankston Electric Service.
(*H.W.Wilson Jnr was actually Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson, a longtime shire councillor who took over the Sorrento branch of the business, In about 1905 he was building a new slaughteryard at Dromana with Mr (probably John)Townsend when his little son slipped into a seven foot deep waterhole. Henry waded into the murky water and brought out his son's lifeless body. See my John Townsend journal.
ESTATE PLUS TOURIST GUIDE. "Coupled with the growth of Rosebud, the Rosebud Estate Agency, under the guidance of Reg Henderson,commenced business about three years ago, and has been responsible for much of Rosebud's expansion. Apart from ordinary estate agency business, it also operates a tourist bureau."

Page 28.
Peninsula Plate, Swann and Hudson,Ross Smith Avenue, Frankston.
Frankston Electric Service, 531 Bay St (See R.A.Leslie above.)
Portsea surf beach, Teddy Weeks and Marilyn King in boat with a huge schnapper they caught out of Mornington, the back beach pool at Sorrento, Mr and Mrs F.W.Cummings of East St Kilda out for a ramble at Sorrento.
Will the Duke go to the polo in Melbourne where some members of the Mornington Peninsula Polo Club will be in action? "Polo is one of the main sports on the Peninsula going ahead like wildfire. Since the old Mt. Eliza
Polo Club was re-formed about two years ago, great interest has been shown in the sport by people from not
only the Peninsula, but also from Melbourne. THE MEMBERSHIP of the new club has leapt to 100 and is still rising. The club conducts its matches in a lovely setting at Tuerong Park, Mornington.
It is the property of the club's secretary, Mr. J.V.Edgar. Mr, Edgar is one of the club's most experienced
players. Mr. A.H.L.Gibson is president of the club."
Tuerong Park was the majority of the pre-emptive right of the Tuerong Run with its historic homestead located at Melway 151 K3 being used as an office by Dromana Estate Vineyards which has produced a history of the property. The bend in Vineyard Lane is its south west corner and the end of Gillett Rd its south east corner.



My memory is fairly good but it's telling me now that at some stage, I might have called William Calder's son,who designed the Shire of Flinders offices at Dromana, Sam. If this is true,it was due to confusion with Sam Loxton who lived across McIlroys Rd from Four Winds and sought the refuge of his Red Hill farm following Trevor Chappell's infamous underarm final ball in a one day match against the Kiwis.

In 1919 William Calder of Armadale was assessed on 591 acres (crown allotments 18A,part 17A, Kangerong)which doesn't make sense so my transcription probably resulted from a guess at what the scribble meant and he was probably rated on 91 acres, which must have included 31 acres of the 77 acre 17A, Four Winds at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds consisting of 59 acres 3 roods 25 perches but always described as 60 acres. S.P.Calder was assessed on 12 acres which would have been part of 18C for which he obtained the grant, apparently in 1928 and would have provided access from Four Winds to 17A.
(Google KANGERONG,PARISH OF MORNINGTON, to see the Kangerong parish map.)

William Calder may have spent much of his leisure time developing the garden at Four Winds but a fair slab of his time was devoted to his role as an indispensable Chairman of the Red Hill Show committee. The report of a committee meeting before the show and shortly after William's death gives much more detail about how great his contribution had been and that (in my words) all hands to the wheel would be required to fill the void.
RED HILL, Wednesday. In spite of the showery weather,there was a good attendance at the seventh annual show. Mr R.H.Holmes,vice-president, referred to the very serious loss which the society had suffered by the death of the president,Mr W.Calder. Mr Downward M.L.A. said that Mr Calder's death was a loss not only to Red
Hill, but to the state. (P.10,Argus,22-3-1928.)

Late Mr. W. Calder's Home.
The country homo known as The Four Winds at Red Hill, which was the property of the late Mr. William Calder, chairman of the Country Roads Board, has been purchased by Mr.E.E.Thompson, of Flete avenue Malvern. The house
is modern in design and construction, and has fine grounds, to the improvement of which Mr.Calder devoted much of his leisure time. The sale was made through the agency of Mr George Higgens, of Red Hill.
(P.14, Argus, 25-10-1929.)

William Calder (engineer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Calder, (31 July 1860 – 18 February 1928), engineer, was born at Lovell's Flat, Milton near Dunedin, New Zealand, only son of Arthur Calder and his wife Margaret Milne, née Strachan. Calder was educated in New Zealand (Milton local school and the Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin 1876-77), and then attended Otago University. He become a cadet in the Government Survey Department in October 1883 and after five years of practical training, he passed the authorized surveyors' examination with credit in July 1888, and was responsible for much road construction and exploration in the North and South islands of the Dominion.[1][2]

Migration to Australia
In 1888 he came to Victoria and worked in private engineering and surveying firms. In October 1889 he became assistant town surveyor for the City of Footscray, and in July 1890 town engineer. At night he studied to gain certificates as municipal engineer (1890) and engineer of Water supply (1892). From December 1897 to March 1913, Calder was city engineer and building surveyor to the City of Prahran. Among the works he is credited with are the first asphalted carpet-road surface, the first refuse destructor in Australia, and the completion of a major drainage project.[1] By March 1903 he was an associate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, and a member of the Institution of Municipal and County Engineers of Great Britain.[3]

Country Roads Board[edit]
Calder made the greatest impact as the first Chairman for the Country Roads Board (CRB) from 1913 to 1928. Among his first tasks was to undertake an exhaustive inspection of the road system, which had been neglected by the responsible municipalities and state government since the building of the railways. Calder was known as a meticulous note-taker and enthusiastic photographer, and his notes recording the board's progress were transcribed and used as a basic reference for many years. Despite, shortages of money and manpower for road-building as a consequence of the Great War, Calder campaigned successfully for more funds, especially for arterial roads, both publicly and privately.[1]

He toured Europe and North America in 1924 examining road-construction practice and road-administration and reported extensively on matters such as the controversy on the American concrete pavement techniques versus British asphalt.[1] His report, published that year, is widely regarded as a classic of road-construction practice and road-administration.[4]

Many of Calder's recommendations were included in the important Highways and Vehicles Act of 1924,[5] which provided for the declaration of State highways, two-thirds financed by the State government through the C.R.B. This network of highways is perhaps Calder's main achievement: the Calder Highway, the road to Bendigo and Mildura was named after him. The Country roads Board's system of organization was copied in other States, New Zealand and Fiji. Calder was a strong advocated for Federal assistance in highway construction, and attended the first meeting of the Federal Aid Roads Board set up under the Act of 1926.[1]

Personal life
Calder had married Elizabeth Bagley Palmer of Dunedin on 4 November 1889 at Brunswick, Victoria. He was a devout Presbyterian and member of his church boards of management of Footscray and Armadale. He had close links with Professor Henry Payne of the University of Melbourne. Calder was known as a 'champion shot', and assisted with military training in the Moorooduc area during World War I. He hoped to retire to his small property at Red Hill, Victoria but died of cancer at East Malvern on 18 February 1928. He was still Chairman and chief engineer of the CRB when he died, and was replaced as chief engineer by Donald Victor Darwin.

Calder was survived by his wife, a son (Architect Stuart Palmer Calder) and a daughter, and was buried in Cheltenham cemetery after a ceremony at Gardiner Presbyterian Church. Calder's wife was awarded a special State pension by the Victorian Government, which saved her from financial difficulty. Memorials to William Calder include an avenue of trees on the road to Geelong beginning one mile past Werribee, cairns at Warragul and elsewhere in Gippsland, an obelisk on the Princes Highway, at Drouin,[6] a plaque at Frankston [7] and a bridge at Moe. A portrait of him by Tom Roberts, hung in the C.R.B. board room, in Kew until recently.[1]

I have a suspicion that prominent historian,Winty Calder,born in 1927 (possibly at Mornington) was a daughter of Stuart Palmer Calder.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 12 months ago


It was only when I started transcribing my handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I realised that I might have reversed two surnames which sound identical. I had tried googling the name of the author of the STRATHMORE COMMUNITY WEBSITE on several occasions,without success. I remembered his name of course. It was one of the hundreds of names in my little black book of history contacts that I circular-filed when moving to Rosebud.

The reason for my lack of success was RIGHT SOUND-WRONG SPELLING. In my mind, Bruce's surname had become Barber and Thomas Napier's son-in-law had become George Page Barbour; you'll never find an entry in Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS, PAST AND PRESENT (1888) for George Page Barbour but you will find one for George Page BARBER (still at Warrnambool after being a partner in one of Melbourne's earliest law firms). It was when I started transcribing the index for KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I suspected my memory had,in the words of Maxwell Smart,"Missed by that much!"

Bruce and I had several lengthy phone conversations but I never realised how far-ranging his interests lay as shown by his OVERSITE below. It would be interesting to know if he was a descendant of Robert the Bruce or the author of the tale. I feel privileged to have been of assistance to such a clever man.

It could be said that Bruce's OVERSITE corrected my OVERSIGHT!

A Personal View

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Thank you for visiting my site.

This site contains some thoughts on a range of subjects which interest me. I will slowly add more subjects over time.

An understanding of the functioning of a society is important, particularly if you wish to address some of the social problems that are occurring, such as crime. A comprehensive theoretical understanding of social processes is necessary to ensure that any policy put in place addresses all aspects of the problem and does not have unforeseen consequences. The article "Sociology and Criminology" is part of my attempt to understand the workings of society. The approach offers a simple rational understanding of crime. It is my attempt at an over-arching theory of crime which strangely seems to be missing from crime theory. There are a lot of theories but they tend to only take account of crimes for a particular socioeconomic sector or crime type - no theory ties them together. Another thing that I noticed about current crime theory is the lack of a theory which takes account of a persons beliefs and philosophies. Some of the greatest crimes in history are due to misguided beliefs e.g. Hitler's belief in Aryan superiority and the numerous religious wars. So it is quite logical to me that belief and personal philosophy can also play a part in the lesser crimes of society.

Australia becoming a Republic is not the most pressing of issues facing the country however it will come up again in the future. It is important that Australia gets the correct model of the Republic. The Republican movement is hopelessly split. Direct Election of a President has a number of risks for Australia and is not preferred. I wrote on this at around the time of the Republican Forum. The article "The Republic" is a modified version of this.

The Internet is of course a subject of great interest. I have some concerns that the Internet will be dominated by big business and big Government, to the exclusion of community groups. It also concerns me that the Internet could be another force for the destruction of local neighbourhood community as people find it easier to communicate outside the community through the Internet. However this need not be the case if the community can realise the potential of the Internet to communicate, not just across the world but across the street. I have set up "The Strathmore Website" as an example of a community website and also written some further ideas in "Internet and the Community".

The environment should be the concern of all citizens. I have listed some practical suggestions for changing our current approach to the environment in "Green Oversite". All we need is the will to change.

The Miscellaneous Ideas Page is a holding page for short pieces I have written. Some are based on letters I have written to politicians and others when I recently found myself with a bit of extra time on my hands (some call it unemployment) and the Government at that time seemed to be calling for ideas.

The Music and Other Stuff includes some of my favourite music as found on YouTube - sorry no free downloads here. Also includes a YouTube climate change and other documentaries.

Favourite Software is my selection of the most useful free software that I have found.

I hope you find some interest in the above articles even if you do not agree with the sentiments expressed. I encourage you to Email me if you wish to comment on any of the articles.


Bruce Barbour.