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EARLY DAYS OF THE POST OFFICE (AND AUSTRALASIA'S FIRST SAWMAKER) AT RED HILL NEAR DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

Many tales in family folklore never made it into newspapers or documents. They could be true, just like I distinctly remembered reading an article a year or so ago about a letter sent from the Red Hill post office
by the postmistress. The descendant of Australasia's first sawmaker, who is writing a family history, wanted to document an aspect of this folklore regarding the Red Hill post office and sent me a private message through FAMILY TREE CIRCLES. At the time I knew exactly where his land at Red Hill was, when he was first assessed and that he was a saw maker,all from rate records. I had already read about his connection with the post office at Red Hill. But I didn't know he was Australasia's first saw maker!

Unfortunately I can't find the webpage re "Australasia" and it's nearly 1 a.m. so I'll go with one from the museum about his waistcoat.

Waistcoat - W.H. Blakeley, circa 1850-1900 - Museum Victoria
Off-white waistcoat that once belonged to William Henry Blakeley. His name is stamped inside the neckline. It is likely to date to the mid to late 19th century, although men's clothing of this period can be hard to date precisely and was often worn for many years.

Part of a collection of (word left out) and other material relating to the life of William Henry Blakeley and the Blakeley family donated to Museum Victoria. William Blakeley was the first saw manufacturer in Australia. He was born in England in 1839 and was indentured as a saw maker. In 1867 he set up his own saw shop in Little Bourke Street - soon to become a successful manufacturing business, W.H. Blakeley and Co (which became W.H. and Company Proprietary Limited in 1922), with several locations in inner Melbourne. The Blakeley business has continued into the 21st century. The donor and her sisters are the daughters of William and Annie's son William Gillott Blakeley and his wife Ada Henrietta.

The firm that the Red Hill pioneer started is still going strong. I left the next sentence out because the lady writing the family history ran the firm for some time afterwards before retiring.

WH BLAKELEY INDUSTRIAL KNIVES
William Henry Blakeley established his saw and knife manufacturing company in Melbourne in 1867. Born in Sheffield, England, in 1839 he was indentured as a saw maker and 1865 was commissioned to journey to New Zealand to install the then world's longest continuous bandsaw in a mill in in Tairu on Comomandel Peninsula. This installation completed he travelled to Melbourne and worked as a sub-contractor at a large mill on the bank Yarra River where the Arts Centre is now located.

In 1967, he set up his own saw shop in Lt Bourke Street.


In THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore wrote that William Henry Blakely had come from Sheffield in England,had made the world's largest bandsaw and taken it to New Zealand where he had stayed for two years to maintain it. This accords with the Industrial Knives website, which brings me to the Dromana Pioneer Pathway. It has a plaque stating WILLIAM HENRY AND MARTHA BLAKELEY 1865. The trouble with family folklore is that facts are there but get tangled up. William Henry Blakeley certainly arrived in 1865- in New Zealand!

When I read the saw maker's death notice and saw that his wife's name was Annie, I thought the plaque had a second error. When I mentioned this to the aforesaid author, she pointed out that Martha had died after bearing four living children and William had remarried in 1886 to Annie who also gave birth to four children who survived. Later I came across Tonkin's F.T.C. journal about the SHACKLOCK family and discovered Annie's maiden name, which tickled my sense of stupidity. Remembering the log cabin (probably built by Edward Barker, who was completely unrelated to the Barkers of Cape Scanck and Boneo and certainly related to William Henry Blakeley) that was moved from the Outlook Paddock to Blakeley's 140 acre block, I penned this product of too many late nights.

While grieving still for Martha
On the seat reserved for Arthur
His hut door slammed-what a shock!
He got himself a shack lock.

CONTINUE-SHEILA'S P.O. DETAILS (INCL. MISSES BAKER) AND RATE INFORMATION (MARSHALL TO WHEELER.)
On page 23 of THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore discusses the early days of the settlement's post office. It opened in August 1871 with Alexander Marshall appointed postmaster at 10 pounds per annum. He was succeeded by Charles Davies in 1873. Emma Maloney (see below)was appointed as postmistress in 1876 at 15 pounds per annum. About this time the property was purchased by W.H.Blakeley for his son-in-law George Cousins*. Blakeley extended the buildings to build the present post office and a small store. He also added an oven and bakery which was probably never used.

P.24. Elizabeth Wheeler took over in 1878 and continued until Ethel M.Wheeler took over on 11-11-1925, continuing until 1936.Next to fun the post office was Miss A.Liversidge, followed by F.Molloy in 1954, L.H.Dawson in 1955 and R.Kinder in 1966.

* Rate records lack detail. The two Dromana Hotels, post offices, stores and dwellings at this time were described as "buildings" and in most cases the OWNER column was blank so it could not be determined whether the occupier owned the property or was leasing (and from whom.) William Henry Blakeley was assessed on 173 acres (no buildings)which I believe was Robert Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 10B Kangerong, across Arthurs Seat Rd from the eastern part of Blakeley's 72A Balnarring. This land fronted Sheehans Rd (the original south end of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was made)with its northern boundary being Tumbywood Rd,near the post office. There is no proof that the sawmaker had not bought the post office and also no proof that he had.

However, George Cussons was certainly not William's son-in-law in 1876 and for a long time afterwards.
CUSSONS, BLAKELEY -[Silver wedding ] - On the 15th June, 1892, at Methodist Church, Kew, by Rev.J.J.Brown, George F.Cussons, only son of George Cussons, Stockport, England, to Martha, third daughter of W.H.Blakeley,(Redesall", Elphin grove, Glenferrie Melbourne. Present address, Commercial Bank of Aust. Ltd., Wycheproof.
(P.11, Argus, 23-6-1917.)


WILLIAM HENRY BLAKELEY'S LAND.
Any old residents of Red Hill would know exactly where "Blakeley's" was. It was crown allotment 72A in the parish of Balnarring,consisting of exactly 140 acres, and on the eastern corner of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Roads,with frontages, respectively, of 921 and 807 metres. This land was granted to R.H.Holding on 20-2-1865. The south west corner is indicated by the F in Melway 190 D5 and the north east corner was just east of the Sheehans Rd corner.


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

WON'T SUBMIT.

173 ACRE, KANGERONG.

775 ACRES, WANNAEUE (WEST RIDING)




This is the article that I remembered from one or two years ago that I have been trying to find for two weeks. Would you believe that I found it by entering "post mistress, red hill" after wasting hours searching "Red Hill post office", "post mistress, Mahoney", "letter, postmistress", Red Hill,Mahoney" (all in The Argus 1870-1879)? I could not correct the text in trove so I've done it here apart from the postmistress's name.
A respectable-looking married woman named Annie Simpson was charged at the Emerald-hill Police Court on Saturday with unlawfully obtaining by means of false pretences a letter, the property of the Postmaster-General, and addressed to Mrs.Anna Maria Nicholson, Clarke-street, on the 10th December last. It appeared that the letter was written and posted at Red-hill, near Dromana, by Mrs. Mahony (sic), the postmistress, and addressed to " Mrs. Nicholson, Clarke,street, Emerald-hill." It contained 2s 6d worth of postage stamps. The letter-carrier at Emerald-hill called at the house of the prisoner in Clarke-street thinking that Mrs. Nicholson,to whom the letter was addressed, resided there. Mrs. Simpson, in reply to the letter-carrier, said she was Mrs. Nicholson, and took the letter, which, after the postman had left, she opened and read in the presence of a woman named M'Kendrick. She told Mrs M'Kendrick at the time that she took the letter because she knew the handwriting.
Mrs. Mahony and the prisoner were acquainted, and it appeared were not on good terms, and the latter justified her detention of the letter and stamps to Mrs. M'Kendrick by saying that Mrs, Nicholson had had many a pound that she should have had.

Prisoner afterwards returned the letter to the person from whom it had been sent, but without the stamps. The prisoner was arrested on the 23rd inst. at Fitzroy by Detective Lomax, when she admitted having taken the letter. The Bench considered that the prisoner had deliberately imposed upon the postman,and fined her 5 with
10s. costs; or, in default of payment, one month's imprisonment.(P.5, Argus, 29-1-1877.)

4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

EARLY MAPS OF FRANKSTON, VIC., AUST. AND SUPERIMPOSING CROWN ALLOTMENTS ON MELWAY.

By some fluke, when I was researching the reason for Gomms Rd being north of Eramosa Rd, rather than on "Glenhoya", I found the Frankston parish map online. Luckily I superimposed the Gomm and Firth grants on my Melway maps in SUPERPAGES (and the nearby Baxter, Sage, Sumner etc grants) because subsequent attempts to find the map failed.

Before I detail the maps available online, I will tell you how I manage to superimpose crown allotment boundaries on Melway and warn you about the Melway maps on Superpages. Having found the Frankston parish map again last night ( because I remembered that the word PARISH did not appear on it but COUNTY OF MORNINGTON did), I was excited to find that the grants of McMahon, Carr and Liardet adjoined each other.They all had eastern boundaries of 4000 links so it was going to be easy to find out the dividing boundaries; Skye Rd and Beach St-Cranbourne Rd were exactly a mile apart.But when I put my ruler on the map in SuperPages, it told me that the roads were 1400 metres apart. So I tried it in Melway and found that they were actually 1620 metres apart. This showed that (a)the SuperPages maps are only seven eighths of the scale of Melway maps; (b) the surveyors were a chain (cricket pitch) out in their measurements or one of the roads has been re-aligned further away from the other.

A mile equals 80 chains or 8000 links. Sharps Rd, Tullamarine, west of Broadmeadows Rd, (the south boundary of Section 3 Tullamarine)was 8000 links. When I decided to transpose the parish map onto Melway, I imagined complicated calculations on a calculator being the order of the day. But when I measured this distance on my ruler,it was exactly 8 centimetres. As the scale is one millimetre to a chain (20 metres), it is fairly easy to plot boundaries and accurately describe road frontages (if measurements are given on parish maps!)

If you happen to google FRANKSTON PARISH MAPS, you will find (a)four 320 acre crown allotments east of Frankston Village with description of the land; (b) two village maps that seem to be almost identical and name many grantees; and (c), after THE WELLS STORY and ST PAUL'S ANGLICAN CHURCH, a map showing crown allotments in the parishes of Frankston and Moorooduc. The last map (1854) shows only one grantee, Yuille,who seems to have preferred his grant over the homestead block (Pre-emptive Right)of Ballanrong, which was granted to T.J.Sumner two years later. This map shows how Old Mornington Rd led to the Three Chain (Moorooduc) road via Mt Eliza Way and Wooralla Drive. It also shows fences and other features as well as how the government roads followed old tracks with a few modifications.

If you want a map, with grantees,measurements etc. that will show where your pioneering ancestor was granted land, you need to google:
FRANKSTON,COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.

The maps are there waiting for you. Go to it, Frankston "diggers".

EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Would you believe it? This journal was to be about ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and now I can't find it. However, while I stumble around trying to find it again,here's something to go on with.

Early days in Rosebud, Victoria | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/rosebud-victoria/‎
The T-Model Ford was owned by Bert White (I think, I'll check), and the tree had grown over the road, been blown over a little more as far as it would go as a ...

Life in Rosebud in the early years | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/life-in-rosebud-in-the-early-years/‎
By Owen Vincent (Vin) Burnham. When I was quite young (about seven, early 1920s) the Nepean Highway was a gravel and dirt road right up to Frankston from ...

In the latter, Vin is confused regarding Judith Durham. The house was a timber one on the west side of Durham Place midway between the highway and the beach according to Judith who spent her first six summers there before her family moved to Tasmania. The Mr Durham mentioned was Tony Durham, Judith's grandfather. Tony was the child of his mother,Emily (nee King)and a Greek fisherman, whose surname is unclear. After his death, Emily married Mr Durham whose surname was adopted by Tony. His daughter married William Alexander Cock and in July 1943 Judith was born (Judith Mavis Cock) in Essendon while her father was earning his D.F.C.in the war. Her great grand-mother,Emily, was the sister of Elizabeth who married Forti Lacco,original grantee in the fishing village on the very block on which Emily's house stood,and patriarch of the famous wooden-boat building family.

I mentioned Chatfield's hut on the foreshore at Rosebud West in my journal about Rosebud Ted finding James George dead. When Chatfield turned to store-keeping, Axel Vincenttook over his foreshore hut and presumably his boat and gear.

Finally found it. Google: <vp1414.pdf>. Then click on "View a 9.6 MB pdf file of the pamphlet."

My aim in this journal, covering the area north of Eastbourne Rd,is four-fold.
1. To outline the squatting era,the parish and grantees and explain why the population was so small.
2. To deal page by page with any errors in ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and provide extra detail.
3. To deal page by page with any errors in Vin Burnham's history and provide extra detail.
4. To describe detail in a map drawn by an unknown pioneer of residents in the fishing village and across the road.


1. WANNAEUE.
Wannaeue is the name of the parish bounded by Burrell Rd in Dromana (*which you won't find on Melway), Mornington-Flinders Rd and part of Main Creek, Limestone Rd and Weeroona St/Government Rd in Rye and the Port Phillip Bay coast. Fingal was to the south, Nepean to the west, and to the east Kangerong and Balnarring separated by Arthurs Seat/Red Hill Rds.
*Burrell Rd is shown on the Dromana Township map as its western boundary between the Esplanade (as the beach road was named in Dromana,Rosebud and Rye) and the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.

As the Sullivan's Bay settlement near Sorrento was in the parish of Nepean, and Matthew Flinders and his nephew (later Sir John Franklin) were in Kangerong when they used Arthurs Seat to survey the bay, it is probable that the first white men to set foot in Wannaeue were sealers. Hollinshead mentions that an early explorer (Captain Murray in 1803?) found huts near the mouth of Chinaman's Creek (which at that time and until Ned Williams dug the channel was opposite the Rosebud Hospital site.) William Buckley's trek around the bay probably came after the sealers had killed off the seals and abducted many Boon-wurrung women whom they took to Tassie;this is why most Boon-wurrung descendants come from Tassie.

After John Batman had made his one-sided treaty to obtain a huge area north and west of the bay for the Port Phillip Association, he boasted in John Pascoe Fawkner's Cornwall Hotel in Launceston that he was the greatest landowner in the world. (THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER by C.P.Billot.) Fawkner may have already hatched plans for his own invasion but you could imagine how this spurred him into action. He immediately chartered a vessel but unfortunately it had to finish a previous charter. Eventually Fawkner and his party boarded the Enterprize but the Master refused to take Fawkner,who was put ashore in Queens Town to settle his financial affairs. Fawkner later gave sea-sickness as the reason he went ashore!

Captain Lancey was put in charge of the party which included Evans who established Emu Bottom near Sunbury. He was given instructions to try Westernport first but was unimpressed and entered the bay. A 1935 article,based on Lancey's diary gives exact dates for this and other incidents as they sailed up the bay and can be retrieved from my DROMANA ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE if requested. The party landed near Rosebud but was also unimpressed by their walkabout.

Wannaeue included three squatting runs and possibly five. The Boniyong Run included part of the parish of Fingal,Tootgarook was in the area now carrying the name, Arthurs Seat probably included the parish of Kangerong (except for Jamieson's Special Survey), Wooloowoolooboolook was probably between Old Cape Schanck Rd and Boneo Rd and Captain Henry Everest Adams may have had a 750 acres Run adjoining the Arthurs Seat Run at Adams Creek (The Avenue) and extending south to Hove Rd. (Postscript 2017. This claim in the family folklore is probably wrong.He may have had a licence from the N.S.W. Government to occupy the proposed site of Wannaeue Village, crown allotment 20 Wannaeue between The Avenue and the line of Parkmore Rd until demand would result in good prices from its alienation.)

In 1843, Owen Cain established Tyrone west of Rye, and soon after, his four and a half year old daughter, Sarah, went missing for four days and nights.She heard searchers calling but didn't answer because she feared that the sounds came from aborigines. Near dead she was taken to George Smith's Wooloowoolooboolook Station where Mrs Smith (related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake,according to Spencer Jackson in BEAUTIFUL DROMANA)nursed her back to health. (Postscript 2017. In I SUCCEEDED ONCE, Marie Hansen Fels insists that Wooloowooolooboolook (young McCrae's spelling)was not a run.Smith took over Hobson's run in about 1843 and called it Tootgarook and it was the humble homestead of this run that was referred to as Wooloowoolooboolook. The homestead was called Broomielaw by James Purves (son of Peter and nephew of the ABSENT leaseholder, James, who bought the pre-emptive right.)

The date of Captain Henry Everest Adams' arrival at Adams'Corner (Wattle Place) is shrouded in mystery. The amazing thing is that Adams' folklore mentions a 750 acre property (which is wrongly called a grant.) It was supposed to have been given to him as a reward for carrying convicts. Victoria prides itself on not having been a convict colony and turned away the Pentonvillians but I know when convicts were imported. It's all on trove! In about 1841 there was a severe labour shortage and the authorities imported ticket of leave men from Van Dieman's Land until the Bounty passengers from England ( such as Oliver and Sarah Wilson, subjects of one of my journals)started to arrive.

The Dromana Pioneer Pathway plaque states that the Captain arrived in 1845 but later the Dromana Historical Society decided he had beached his ship in the area about five years earlier. The home he built with the ship's timbers was on the site of the McCrae Car wash. This was on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue, between The Avenue and Parkmore Rd and South to Cape Schanck Rd (the freeway)which was not available for selection in the 1850's and was sold as the Village of Wannaeue in about 1877.

Next paragraph in comment 1.(Purves,Barker, Burrell.)

When the land in Wannaeue was made available for selection, crown allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue, was selected by Isaac White. It is not clear which Isaac White this was but it could have been the following:
DIED.
On the 33rd inst., suddenly, at Prahran, of apoplexy, Mr. Isaac White, aged 58 years. Friends please to ac-
cept this notice. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1854.)

In the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864,Henry Everest Adams was rated on a seven roomed house and 91 acres (N.A.V. 30 pounds) but the NAV was unchanged on 5-9-1865 when the assessment included 191 acres (Isaac White's grant.)

Crown allotment 18, between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd, and consisting of 152 acres 2 roods and 16 perches, was granted to G.H.Warren. Between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk was c/a 17 of 129 acres 2 roods and 28 perches, granted to R.Glover and J.Wallace on 16-5-1856. Between there and about Fifth Avenue was c/a 16 of 115 acres, granted to H.Stratford and J.Ridgway on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 15, of 101 acres 1 rood and 8 perches extending west to First Avenue,was granted to R.M.Owens on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 14 of 116 acres 3 roods and 38 perches was granted to Hugh Glass.



All of the allotments mentioned (17-14) extended south to the government road (Eastbourne Rd.) Hugh Glass probably bought c/a 14, between First Avenue and Boneo Rd, as a holding paddock for stock being driven to Melbourne COMMENT 2.


RATES.

20 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

EARLY STOREKEEPERS AT ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

If you happen to find an early photo of post office, Rosebud, it will probably show the Roberts/Brady/McConchie post office at front left (near the present Peebles store site) with the Rudduck store, then a general store about 75 yards away (according to Peter Wilson.) This photo would have been taken before 1920 when William C. Twyford transferred the post office to the Rudduck store. In 1923 the new post office was burnt down and rebuilt with a longer frontage,which was purchased in the same year by Edwin James Wheeler, the new postmaster. Wheeler conducted the post office in number 1045, selling the other shops, numbers 1039-1043 to Stephens in 1929 and in 1937 transferred the post office to a new building at 1047, now the Ninth Avenue Cafe.

While the Roberts and Rudduck stores were very early stores, they were far from the first.

A CHRONOLOGY.
The "Rosebud" was beached in May 1855 according to a report of the Purves v Smyth insurance case in 1855 and the wreck may have been driven farther to the location of the cairn by June 2, the date on the cairn. The first land offered for subdivisional blocks, on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue between Adams Creek (The Avenue) and the line of Parkmore Rd was described as being at Rosebud.
VILLAGE LOTS.
County of Mornington, parish of Wannaeue, at Rosebud, adjoining Burrell's pre emptive section, on Port Phillip Bay. Upset price. £8 per acre. Allotments 1 to 23. 2 roods to la. Sr. 30p. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

The land didn't sell well and was described as being in the Village of Wannaeue later in the 1870's. Locals didn't call the area Rosebud, but "The Rosebud" and continued doing so until about 1920 according to the late Ray Cairns who as a boy looked forward to the excursions to Martin's Corner and the beach near "The Rosebud" (despite all visible signs of the wreck having been removed by the locals in the 1890's according to an account in an article in Mick Dark's collection if I remember correctly.)

The majority of Rosebud residents were fishermen and paid no rates to the Kangerong Road Board. In 1873-4 they did so for the first time. Those who previously held a crown lease on their blocks under the terms of their fisherman's licences seem to have been given the opportunity to buy these blocks in the Rosebud Fishing Village in August 1872 without competition (like a pre-emptive right.) But before then a poundkeeper near Cliffords Rd at Somerton had bought crown allotment 18 Wannaeue,152 acres between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd and tried to sell it in lots of about 2 acres. He only sold lot 86, 2 acres on the FJ's corner, in 1871 (1), to Jack Jones one of the fishermen on the foreshore.
(1) Lake v Jones; sketch of title on memorial in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook documenting a loan of 128 pounds given to William Edwards by Captain Henry Everest Adams in 1878 showing that lot 86 was on the east corner of Jetty and Pt Nepean Rds extending south to about Morgan St.

Jack Jones bought c/a 6 of the fishing village (now 854 and 856 Pt Nepean Rd)on 11-8-1872 and Daniel Coyle bought c/a 10 (immediately west of the Banksia Point complex now being built) on 16-8-1872, most other fisherman buying their blocks at about that time.

THE FIRST STOREKEEPER.
Daniel Coyle has never been mentioned in Rosebud histories except for the above details in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD with a quote from Isabel Moresby's ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA about Granny Coyle of saintly character running a lolly shop. Jack Jones is said to have run a store in an upturned boat on c/a 6 and Ethel Fountain's memoirs and her sister's EARLY ROSEBUD map both mention his store on c/a 6 being burnt down. You'd put your money on Jack being the first storekeeper wouldn't you? I did!

Rate records were pathetic in regard to their legibility on the microfiche, the lack of detail about occupiers, owners and description of properties and even the year of assessment and names of ridings. I learnt to identify the ridings by the names of ratepayers and their number of acres! However, year by year research on certain ratepayers, on top of transcriptions of all Kangerong and Wannaeue assessments in 1864, 1879, 1900, 1910 and 1919 has allowed me to answer many questions. The jigsaw pieces fit very neatly together!

In 1873-4, DANIEL COYLE was assessed on 1 allotment and 3 roomed house, Rosebud, N.A.V. 6 pounds, as he was in 1874-5. In 1875-6he was assessed on the same property but he was described as a storekeeper and the net annual value increased to 7 pounds. The same details continued until 1882-3 when his name was recorded but the rates were paid in December 1882 by ? White who turned out later to be Thomas White, cutler. Daniel and Granny Coyle had moved to Mordialloc where they seem to have lived out their days. Was it at that time that Jack Jones decided to commence a store in an upturned boat?

From 14-9-1877 to 30-7-1881, Jack Jones, fisherman was assessed on one allotment, Rosebud, N.A.V. 5 pounds. By 29-7-1882, Jack was described as a storekeeperand was assessed on TWO allotments and buildings, N.A.V.8 pounds. Have you realised something? The judge in Lake v Jones (or the reporter) got it wrong or the rate collector took a decade to wake up that Jack Jones had bought lot 86 crown allotment 18 Wannaeue in 1871. The block had definitely been sold by Charles Blakley before 1878 as shown by the aforementioned loan memorial.

In view of the fact that a rate collector took a decade to realise that Cr James Little Brown was not "John Brown", and the lack of thoroughness mentioned above (which caused Cr Terry's resignation as detailed in my Shire of Flinders journal), my money is on the rate collector being a decade behind reality. Besides, if Jack had bought lot 86 in 1881, he would have bought it from Blooming Bob White, completely at odds with the report of the trial. Read the court report re Jack buying his 2 acres on c/a 18 Wannaeue and building his new store in 1883-4, at which time the store (no longer an upturned boat)on c/a 6 must have been a pile of ashes.

" During the negotiations for purchase of land, Mr Jones who by this time was old and trembling, told my father that his original store was built on "The Pines" site, but was burnt down and he transferred his business to Jetty Rd corner, as he considered it more central opposite the jetty." Ethel Fountain.

LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

So far we have (1)Daniel Coyle 1875-1882. (2) Jack Jones 1882-1910+ but there was another storekeeper before 1900 whom the rate collector called Loui.

Louis Anderson was Rosebud's post master 1890-1897 during which time he was assessed on 1 lot and buildings, Wannaeue. In 1897-8 his name was crossed out and replaced by that of John Roberts, occupant of lots 41 and 42 crown allotment 17 Wannaeue, owned now by Mrs Roberts of Napier St, Ballarat, who was probably still packing belongings and farewelling friends. C/a 17 was between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk/Ninth Avenue house blocks south to Eastbourne Rd. Lots 41-2 and the Roberts/Brady/ McConchie post office have been established as being near the present Peeble store, thus indicating the rough location of Louis Anderson's store. Hence we are back to the start of the journal. Louis Anderson did the first recorded fish run to the Mornington railhead, obviously before Jimmy the Squid Williams of Eastbourne.


1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago

EARLY SUB-DIVIDERS NEAR JETTY RD, ROSEBUD, VICTORIA , AUSTRALIA.

I wrote the following as a post on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page. Send me a F.T.C. private message if you need information referred to as being in other posts.

EARLY ROSEBUD SUBDIVIDERS NEAR JETTY ROAD.
The subdivision bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Parkmore Rd, South Rd and Adams Ave. has been mentioned before in relation to the Adams family and will not be dealt with here. This post arises from two chance discoveries. The first is testimony given by Mrs De Garis after her husband faked his first suicide and the second is W.F.Vale's sale of the unsold portions of Woolcott's estate, which I have been trying to find for ages.
Charles Blakey had bought crown allotment 18 between the line of Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd prior to 1875 and tried to subdivide the 152 acres but only sold the 2 acre lot 86 on the FJ's corner. Bullocky Bob White knew about this when he bought his 150 acres but the purchase of the corner block was not registered in the titles office. This led to the Lake brothers trying to eject Jack Jones circa 1890, which has been mentioned before. The Bamfords and the Pottons later owned the farm about which Peter Wilson wrote a chapter called Henry Potton's Farm in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. He included much detail about De Garis but the chance discovery provides information given by his distraught wife (nee Austin) not found in Peter's book or other articles.

SEARCH FOR MR DE GARIS Wile's Statement MEETING OF COMMITTEEMEN MELBOURNE, Jan. 6.
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926) Wednesday 7 January 1925 p 5 Article


Woolcott apparently subdivided crown allotment 17, the land between Jetty Rd. and the line of Norm Clark Walk, in about 1877. George and Susan Peatey bought lot 76 of just over 2 acres in 1878 with a loan from Nelson Rudduck and occupied it 10 years later when they paid off the loan.
By 1900 the Commercial Bank had 84 of the 129 acres and in 1910, Henry Bucher 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns lots 29-32, Rosebud Ted Cairns lots 49-54 which he'd just sold to Alf Hansen (*sic) and lot 74, Henry George Chapman 2 lots, the Coburns lots 57-60, Alf Hansen (sic) lots 23, 24, 75, 77, 79, John McConchie lots 37-40, Robert Cairns lots 5 and 6, Mrs Susan Peatey lot 76, Mary B.Stone (a.k.a. Polly Vine) lots 25-28 and Vale** 84 acres. John Fallow had lot 80, and Mrs J.Spensley 4 lots.
Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1909 p 21 Advertising
(*The early Rosebud map notes that Alf Hansen (sic) built the first shop on the Clacton-on-Sea Estate as a land sales office. Alf (1884-1960) was the fifth child of Hans Christian Hanson and Ellen (nee Olson) from Norway who owned "Alpine Chalet" at the north end of Tucks Rd from about 1887. Alf married Frances Ada Elizabeth Purves, a descendant of the real Tootgarook pioneering Purves. MEMORIES OF A LARRIKIN is the biography of his son Hec,, written by Petronella Wilson.)
(**The Vale family had been involved in Peninsula affairs since the 1850's when a letter was written about the splendid opportunities offered in the parish of Moorooduc near Schnapper Point.
ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. MT ELIZA AND SNAPPER'S POINT.
P. 7, Argus, 27-12-1855.
Vale bought much land in Mornington, hence Vale St, and later owned Dalkeith near the Mornington turn off. This passed to his daughter Phyllis, Mrs Jackson, who also owned the Boniyong Stud south of the junction of Jetty and Browns Rd, the subject of another post.)

EARLY SUBURBAN TULLAMARINE, VIC., AUST.

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 1 month ago

EUREKA! PIONEERS OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUSTRALIA AND PETER MCCRACKEN'S TRAGEDY.

DIED,
Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant,William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton. (P.4, Argus, 20-10-1852.)

It was nearly twenty five years ago that I discovered in Broadmeadows' rate records that my great grandfather, John Cock, started leasing Stewarton in about 1892 and that in the next year or two the name of the farm changed to Gladstone. Stewarton was section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine and consisted of 785 acres according to the parish map which records George Russell as the grantee. The oldest available ratebook was that of 1863 and Maconochie was assessed on 777 acres. This shows that Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd)had been made along the 8000 link frontage between the Lackenheath Drive and Forman St corners and was one chain wide,exactly accounting for the loss of 8 acres from the property.

It was a few months before my discovery about the name change that I read A.D.Pyke's THE GOLD THE BLUE,a history of the Lowther Hall school in Leslie St. in Essendon. Ealsbrae, the historic house in which the school started was built by Peter McCracken's son, Coiler (named after Peter's father in law, Coiler Robertson of La Rose.) Mr Pyke,a teacher at the school, mentioned that Peter had a farm in Moonee Ponds called Stewarton. I racked my brain for ages trying to work out where in the parish of Doutta Galla it might have been. So you can imagine my Eureka moment when I discovered that my great grandfather's farm,bounded on the east and partly on the north by THE MOONEE PONDS (named after an aborigine,which I discovered only days ago)had been Peter McCracken's farm.

Coiler McCracken had married Margaret, daughter of James Robertson. Peter's brother-in-law was James Robertson, (son of Coiler of La Rose) who had arrived as a 17 year old brewer and may have been partly responsible for the success of the McCracken brewery. Another James Robertson owned Gowrie Park at Campbellfield (north of today's Hadfield.) This was getting ridiculous!

My second (very long) eureka moment was provided by Deidre Farfor of Malvern. I think Deidre was referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society's Jim Hume but any help I managed to give her was a drop in the bucket to the help that Deidre provided to me. Genealogical details about the Gibbs and Robertsons of Campbellfield (and the Coupar link), about the family of Peter McCracken's wife (La Rose/ Trinfour),and Deidre's own Robertson family (Upper Keilor/Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie.) But most of all, countless pages of photocopies of THE MCCRACKEN LETTERS.

There were three McCracken brothers, Robert (on whose Ailsa paddock,on the north side of Kent St,Ascot Vale,the Essendon Football Club played its first seasons), Peter,and Alexander Earle McCracken,who leased William Hoffman's Butzbach (east of Hoffmans Rd and halfway to Lincoln Rd) for most of the 1850's and was at the forefront of what became the Royal Agricultural Society until his wife's ill health forced a return home.

Many of the letters were to Alexander Earle McCracken and sent from Peter's Ardmillan in the SUBURB of Moonee Ponds. However there were earlier letters, about the sorrow caused by the drowning of young William (and how the infant had walked part of the way to the school in Broadmeadows Township with his older siblings),Peter quitting Stewarton in 1855 (after nine years there) because Neil Black (the real grantee)had not got back to Peter about extending the lease,and the dairy at Kensington being unprofitable.

I recently made a comment about itellya actually being a team and Deidre was one of my first team mates!

When I was writing the McCracken entry in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS over two years ago, I had been reminded about the drowning when I discovered that Peter Young of Nairn in Bulla had taken the chair in 1852 at a meeting (to honour David Duncan, grantee of the central,major part of Melbourne Airport) because of a domestic tragedy in Peter McCracken's family. I don't know how but I actually found the death notice that starts this journal. As my aim that night (morning!) was to finish the Young entry, I filed it in my memory bank for the next day. I did not find the notice. In the last week,I tried again, once more without success.

Tonight, while half-watching TV, I decided I'd check family notices of the 1850's re Broadmeadows to make sure I hadn't forgotten any township pioneers. I saw this.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 20 October 1852 p 4 Family Notices
... MARRIED. At Melbourne, Port Phillip, by special license, on the 16th instant, by the Rev Irving Hetherington, minister of the Scots' Church, Agnes Bell to Mal- Mal colm Troubridge. DIED, Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant, William, aged 3 years and 3 months, ... 63 words
EUREKA!

Why had McCracken, Stewarton and McCracken, Broadmeadows produced absolutely no results? ANSWER. M'Cracken! Using this spelling of the name, the contents of the letters can be confirmed on trove and correct my faulty recollection of the time of the haystack stack fire on the dairy at Kensington; the fire had occurred after Peter's move to Ardmillan. James Hyslop (Victoria and its Metropolis biography) may have been looking after the dairy at the time.

CRIMINAL SITTINGS. TUESDAY, APRIL 15. (Before his Honour the Chief Justice.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 April 1862 p 6 Article
...wis was found " Guilty" of having set fire to a haystack, the property of Mr. Peter M'Cracken, at Kensington, on the 9th March. The facts of the case were fully reported recently in our columns, in connexion with the burning of a wooden bridge across the Essendon Railway, near Kensington station.

PORT PHILLIP FARMERS' SOCIETY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 26 June 1857 p 5 Article
...RES OF CULTIVATED LAND. We award the prize in this class to Mr. Peter M'Cracken, for his farm of Kensington, Mains, containing about 130 acres. We found this farm very well and regularly ploughed,

Poor Peter had no more luck with his fourth son.
On the 15th instant, of croup, John, aged two years and seven months, fourth son of Peter M'Cracken, of
Ardmillan, near Essendon.(P.4, Argus, 16-4-1860.)

I wondered about the location of Peter's dairy at Kensington and this curiosity led to my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA. I had supposed that it would have been near McCracken St but it was actually bounded by Footscray Rd,the road to Raleigh's Punt, the private Essendon Railway to the south east end of Bellair St and Swamp road (known today as Kensington Rd,Macaulay Rd, Bellair St and Dynon Rd.)Peter's lease would have ended soon after the haystack fire and as he had no desire to renew it, the Cox family started its 20 year lease from J.R.Murphy of the former dairy and the rest of the Kensington Park estate extending to Lloyd St.

(Extract from SECTION 2.)
ALLOTMENTS 17, 18, 19. (McCRACKEN?S DAIRY, THE RACECOURSE.)
This land, bounded by Macaulay Rd, Dynon Rd, and the lines of Lloyd St and Hampden Rd, was granted to John Robert Murphy at about the time he was granted a 2 acre block at the south east corner of Stubbs and Parsons St in 1949.
Allotment 17 was leased by Anah Lewis for 14 years. Allotments 18 and 19 were leased to A.E.Brodribb for 14 years but it is known that by 1855 the 132 acres comprised all or part of McCracken?s dairy. (McCracken may have been leasing the crown land west of Rankins Rd too.)
In 1855, Peter McCracken quit his lease on ?Stewarton? (Gladstone Park) and lived on the dairy while his mansion was built on ?Ardmillan? in Moonee Ponds. In 1861 a fire burnt all the haystacks and by the end of 1862, Peter was thinking of giving up the dairy because the grass was poor and it was costing more for hay than the milk was worth. Soon after, James Hyslop, who had worked for Peter since 1858, was out of a job (P.233 Victoria and Its Metropolis).
When Anah?s lease finished, and McCracken quit his dairy, the whole 198 acres was leased by cattle salesman Samuel Cox. He probably fattened cattle and sheep on it. Pigs might have been kept there too by pork butcher, William Samuel Cox. Three years later, in 1867, W.S.Cox took over the lease, and in 1872, he extended it for five years with an option of another five years. In 1871, he?d moved from Abbotsford St to ?Kensington Park?. The KENSINGTON PARK RACECOURSE commenced operation in 1874. The racecourse was situated partly on E.B.Wight?s portion of allotment 20 as shown by the map on the next page. When it closed at the end of 1882, Cox took out a lease on, and then bought, Feehan?s farm (now called Moonee Valley Racecourse).

(Maps can be emailed to M'Cracken and Cox researchers. Send me a private message.)

AFTER THAT LENGTHY DIVERSION,BACK TO BROADMEADOWS!

While I was looking for William's death notice, I noticed other area pioneers such as poor McFarlane and decided to write a journal about non-township residents.

1850's.

BRYANT. (Possibly Bryan.)
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED. Isaac Bryant, 44 pounds for eradicating thistles at Broadmeadows. (P.5,Argus,19-12-1857.)

CROWE.
John Crowe died fairly early in the district's history and although Mt Yuroke (like Mt Gellibrand) was downgraded from a mountain to a mere hill, the locals honoured his memory by calling it Crowe's Hill and this became the name of a farm on the hill. Rate collectors, obviously thinking the hill was named for big glossy black birds that made rude Graham Kennedy-like calls, invented their own version,Crow's Hill.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 19 January 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... Funeral Notices. THE Friends of the late JOHN CROWE, Esq., are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, this day, Monday, the 19th instant. The Funeral procession to move from his late residence, Mount Yuroke, at ten, passing Broadmeadows etc.

GAGE.
Richard Gage of Broadmeadows was granted a carrier's licence. (P.6, Argus,26-5-1859.) See my journal SOME FARMS IN BROADMEADOWS SHIRE etc.
James and Daniel Milne of Broadmeadows were also granted carrier's licences. Was Darren Milne,a pupil at Tullamarine in the 1970's, descended from one of these pioneers?

GILL.
"Greenvale" has always been associated with John McKerchar who is discussed extensively in Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and GREENVALE :LINKS WITH THE PAST by Annette Davis. It was crown allotment Q of section 10,consisting of 328 acres on the north side of today's Somerton Rd,which was 748 metres west of Mickleham Rd and extended 810 metres farther west and 1.62 kilometres to the north.The property between Greenvale and Mickleham Rd,crown allotment 9P, was called Greenan and was associated with John McKerchar's brother,Donald. John and Donald McKerchar were co-grantees of both 10Q and 9P but there is no date on the parish map.(google "Yuroke,county of Bourke.)

Edwin Gill's property was most likely 10Q. Trove seems to be useless in determining when John McKerchar settled on Greenvale,so let's consult DHOTAMA. My suspicion is that John and Donald McKerchar had received their grants
by 1854 when Edwin and Greenvale were first mentioned in tandem and were jointly developing Greenan while leasing Greenvale to Edwin.

DHOTAMA, page Mc.55.
McKERCHAR, John, Broadmeadows, is a native of Perthshire, Scotland,who landed in Melbourne in January, 1840. He acted as a shepherd at Moorabool and on the Wimmera for seven years with Austin, McPherson and Taylor and was afterwards for 15 months with Dr. Drummond on the Merri Creek. Then in partnership with his brother,he opened the Crown Hotel on the corner of Queen and Lonsdale Streets,Melbourne; and conducted it for three years at the end of which time he purchased land and settled in his present home of 365* acres at Broadmeadows ...etc.

(Jan. 1840 + 7 years +15 months+ 3 years=Jan. 1851+ 3 months=April 1851 if the above description is correct.)
This would allow three years for John to erect a Greenvale homestead before Edward occupied it. Was Edwin just a lessee or perhaps a relative of the McKerchars? Was Edwin related to Dr.W.R.Gill?
*Broadmeadows rate records show that Greenvale consisted of 328 acres (10Q exactly) in 1879-80 and 300 acres in 1900 and when Alex. Millar,who renamed it "The Elms",was leasing it in 1920.


DIED.
On Sunday morning, 27th inst., in Melbourne, at the residence of D. R. Long, Esq., Arthur Edwin, the only
and beloved child of Edwin Gill, Esq., of Green Vale, near Broadmeadows, and late of Richmond.
( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 29 August 1854 p 4 Family Notices.)

EAST BOURKE.?A meeting was held at the Broadmeadows Hotel, Broadmeadows, on Wednesday evening, Donald Kennedy, Esq., was unanimously voted into the chair, and briefly introduced Mr. Cooper to a numerous assemblage. The candidate went into the leading subjects now occupying public attention, and at the close of his address answered satisfactorily numerous questions touching the impolicy of devoting large sums of money for railways, until the roads of the colony were rendered passable; reserved to himself the right to form his own judgment
on the expediency of appointing a minister for agriculture as a separate department of Government; was in favor of local road boards.

Numerous other questions being disposed of, Edwin Gill, Esq., moved, and Donald M'Kerchar, Esq., seconded, a motion to the effect, "That Mr, Cooper is a fit and proper person to represent East Bourke in the Legislative Assembly," which was carried unanimously. A vote of thanks, passed by acclamation to the chairman terminated the meeting. (P.5, Argus, 30-8-1856.)
...........................................................
Dr.Patterson of Flemington claimed that Dr. Gill was responsible for the death of a woman and despite Dr Barker
(who was perhaps the most prominent doctor in early Melbourne and a pioneer at Cape Schanck, who fought with Maurice Meyrick of Boniyong (Boneo)in Victoria's second duel)vindicating Gill in the post-mortem report, Chandler suggested that a charge of manslaughter might be in order. Dr. Gill's complaint against Chandler gives an indication of how distance, circumstances and the inability to be in two places at once might lead to charges being laid against the most dedicated and skilled medical practitioner.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 5 January 1859 p 5 Article
INQUEST.-Yesterday, Dr. Candler held an inquest, at Broadmeadows, ... desired olfeot, was repeated on Monday. She still continued ill, and on tho 80th December Dr. Gill, of Broadmeadows, was sent for. He came and prescribed for her.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 13 January 1859 p 6 Article
... CORONERS AND THEIR PROPER FUNCTIONS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS. GILL, beg to lay before you as ... obedient servant. W. R. GILL, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Licentiate of the Victorian Medical Board. Broadmeadows, January 9.

GRANT.
MARRIED.
At St. Kilda, by the Rev. Wm. Miller, Thomas Fairbairn, Farmer, Pentland Hills, third son of Andrew Fairbairn, Primside, Roxburgshire, Scotland, to Margaret Grant, second daughter of Lachlaine Grant, Broadmeadows.
(P. , Argus, 31-10-1856.)

HACKETT.
The western boundary of Broadmeadows Township was named Hackett St. It was never made because traffic using Tullamarine's Lady of the Lake as a landmark would travel to the north west boundary of Stewarton, turn right (Forman St), and immediately veer left into Turner St taking them to Ardlie St where the 1854 timber bridge connected to the portion of the street in the parish of Will Will Rook. Near the Broadmeadows Hotel they would join travellers using the original route to Sydney (passing Pascoeville's Young Queen Inn) for the "steep pinch" up the Ardlie St hill to where it met Mickleham Rd.

From 1869, those approaching the township from the parish of Tullamarine had a new stone bridge accessed via
Fawkner St and after crossing the creek,they would turn left to climb the Ardlie St hill. From shortly after W.W.1. they would turn left at THE WAR MEMORIAL. This and the lamp lit by young Jack Hoctor were in the middle of the road. As motorised traffic became more powerful, the memorial was a hazard and caused congestion so it was moved by Major Murphy of Tullamarine to the town's old windmill site where it stands today.

Eventually, after a century,with Hughie Williamson's old Dunvegan being developed as the heart of the new Greenvale (the new school retaining the number of the former school at the north end of Section Rd, i.e. 890)and traffic increasing dramatically, Hackett St was made and with Broadmeadows Rd (from Tullamarine Junction) was renamed as Mickleham Rd.
(Sources: the late Jack Hoctor and Harry Heaps; George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952;
Township of Broadmeadows, Parish of Will-WIll-Rook, County ... - Slv
digital.slv.vic.gov.au/dtl_publish/simpleimages/32/1154185.html‎)

Hackett St was named after the presiding magistrate of the District Court. See STABBING AT BROADMEADOWS,
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 16 November 1855 p 5 Article.

The original route to Mickleham Rd through the township and bypassing the unmade Hackett St can be seen in the Keymap of the first edition of Melway.
www.http://melwayed1.melway.com.au/mwyedn1.htm


HENDRY.
On the 26th inst., at Lonsdale-street Congregational Church, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, Mr. Alexander Prain, of Campbellfield, to Miss Mary Hendry, of Broadmeadows. (P.4,Argus,28-3-1857.)

(John?) Hendry was the post master at Tullamarine in 1864 but the rate collector did not seem to know this until 1867. Because assessments were listed geographically,it is highly probable that the post office was on or near the site of the present 711 service station (formerly Mobil.)

Some Hendry boys later appeared in court for misbehaviour at the local pub. (I can't remember if it was the Beech Tree or the Junction,the latter on the 711 site.)Here it is.
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 5 October 1883 p 3 Article
... and Filson, J's.P.) Alexander Hendry, James Hendry Joseph Jackson were charged with using obscene language on the 30th September at Tullamarine. RIichard Glazer, licensee of the Bench Tree Hotel and Richard Craven of the Junction Hotel stated the prisoners canme to their respective houses at one ..

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 4 July 1855 p 4 Family Notices
... special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis*, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry, youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth, Scotland. ... 94 words

THE GENERAL ELECTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 23 April 1864 p 6 Article
... Gap - James Baring, the Gap. Tullamarine - James Hendry, postmaster. Tullamarine. Wyndham - Thom ... 459 words

*Thomas Purvis bought lots 14, 27 and 28 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate (Melway 5,partsF-G 8) with frontages to the west side of Wright's/Heaps' Lane (today's Springbank St) and the now-closed continuation of Derby St. Thomas also bought about 10 acres* of today's Trade Park Industrial Estate (Melway 5 parts F-G8), very close to the Hendry residence,which would explain how James met Christina. (*Volume 30 folio 772.)



HENESSY.
Michael Paul Henessy, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows. Granted. (P.6, Argus, 16-4-1856.) Hennessy didn't last long. PUBLICANS' TRANSFERS. Michael Paul Hennessy, Victoria Hotel,Broadmeadows, to John Bryant : granted.
(P.6, Argus, 5-12-1856.) Bryan(t)may have pulled a swifty because he had twice been refused a licence for his Tanners/Farmers Arms.

KING.
Philip Ryan, for an aggravated assault on Police Constable King, at Broadmeadows, was sentenced to one month's imprisonment with hard labor.(P.4,Argus,28-1-1858.)

Andrew Lemon's prologue to his BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, set in 1857, involves a severe falling out between Constable King and his superior,Senior Constable McCarthy. Dr Weston,attending the latter's sick child, witnessed King's "You be damned and go to hell.You know as much about a horse as I do.Go and clean him yourself!"

McCARTHY. See KING.

McCONOCHIE.
On the 15th inst., at her brother's residence, Stewarton, Broadmeadows, Margaret, daughter of the late
Alexander McConochie, farmer, Buteshire, Scotland, aged 30 years.(P.5, Argus, 16-9-1858.)
Peter McCracken was on Stewarton from 1846 to 1855 and it is likely that John McConochie, who was assessed (as Maconochie) in the oldest available ratebook (of 1863) was the next tenant.

McFARLANE.
Death and funeral notices for the six year old son and 21 year old daughter are the only results for the family or the property, Strathoer. Can you find two reasons that the following letter was not one of the results?
THE CENSUS.
To the Editor of the Argus,
Sir,-I think it my duty to inform the public, through the medium of your journal, that no census-paper has ever been left with me or my adjoining neighbour, and I have no doubt that many are in the same position.
I am, dear Sir, yours, etc.,JUSTICE. - Strathore, near Broadmeadows, 4th May, 1857. (P.5, Argus, 5-5-1857.)

THE Friends of Mr. WALTER MACFARLANE, of Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, are respectfully invited to Follow
the Remains of his late Daughter to the place of interment in the New Cemetery. The funeral to move from Bignell's Family Hotel, Cardigan-street, North Melbourne, this day, Monday, the 29th inst., at eleven o'clock.
JOHN SLEIGHT, undertaker, 71 Collins-street east ._126 (P.8,Argus, 29-9-1856.)

DIED.
On the 17th inst., at St. Kilda, of congestion of the brain, Dugald, eldest son of Walter Macfarlane, of
Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, aged six years and one month.(P.4, Argus,18-10-1856.)

Although Strathoer ,being described as "near Broadmeadows" was most likely a farm, a member of the clan (with scribbly initials)received the grant for a crown allotment at the top of Fawkner St. (See township map.)

MACKINTOSH.
NEW INSOLVENTS.
William Mackintosh, of Broadmeadows, clerk. Cause of insolvency-The pressure of a creditor who has caused the insolvent to be arrested. Liabilities, ?122 ; assets, ?6 ; deficiency, ?117. Mr. Laing, Official Assignee.
(P.6, Argus, 29-10-1859.)

MILNE. See GAGE.

MITCHELL.
William Mitchell, charged with fighting at Broadmeadows, was fined 10s., and 10S. costs.
(P.1s,Argus, 25-11-1858.) William was probably related to Peter Mitchell who received grants for many blocks in roadmeadows Township. See my journal SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS etc.

PRAIN. See HENDRY.

PURVIS. See HENDRY.

SHANKLAND.
STONEMASONS.-TENDERS WANTED, for BUILDING a stone OUT-HOUSE, Apply Robert Shankland, Euroke, Broadmeadows.
(P.7,Argus, 8-10-1859.)

Yuroke was often rendered as Euroke. Robert's farm, Waltham,will be discussed in my journal, SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS. I don't think it was a stone dunny! Robert's 1888 biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS claimed that in 1852 he built the original portion of Dean's Hotel at Moonee Ponds (today's Moonee Ponds Tavern on the south corner of Dean St near the racecourse.) My EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA
(not a journal)contains title information about his purchase of the hotel's site.

THORPE.
BRILLIANT.
THIS powerful cart stallion will stand the season at Mr. Samuel Thorpe's farm, near Broadmeadows, on the Moonee Ponds, ten miles from Melbourne. This horse gained the prize at the Midland Agricultural show in Van Diemen's Land, as the best stallion in the Island. Brilliant was got by that celebrated imported horse Lincoln, out of an imported Lincolnshire mare, is now rising five years old, and allowed to be the best cart horse ever imported to this colony.(P.1, Argus, 6-11-1850.)


FRIDAY, 8th FEBRUARY.
To Farmers, Stockbreeders, Carriers, and Others. Important Sale of Stock and Farm Produce.
LILBURNE, ANSLOW, and Co. will sell by auction, in consequence of the expiration of the Lease, on the farm of Samuel Thorpe, Esq., at Broadmeadows, formerly known as M'Nall's farm, ten miles from town, on Friday, 8th February, at twelve o'clock sharp,
All the produce, consisting of 3 stacks hay, horses, cattle, poultry, implements, &c, as under :
200 tons hay, in 3 stacks 100 bushels wheat 100 do barley 1 entire draught horse by Blythe, warranted 9 first-class draught horses 15 well-bred milch cows 8 young cattle 1 winnowing machine Ploughs Harrows Carts Bullock-dray Roller, together with the whole of his farming implements, not enumerated. (P.2, Argus,31-1-1856.)

I have found no mention of McCall prior to 1850 but 10 miles is a clue to the location of Thorpe's farm. Due to the yield of hay, I would presume that the farm was part of the Glenroy Estate. Samuel might also have been leasing part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate. (See the Camieston Estate journal re its location.)

WESTON.
J.Weston Esq. had been appointed public vaccinator for Broadmeadows.(P.4,Argus,31-10-1857.) See KING.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 1.
MCPHAIL, ROBERTSON, YOUNG,COGHILL,OSWALD, RIDDELL,HAMILTON,DUNCAN,WILLIAMSON,SLOAN, CROWE, ANNAND,MCDONALD, MCVEA.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 2.
BRYAN,CAMERON,DICK,KILBURN, MCPHEE, COUSER,MCCRACKEN,BELLAIR,MCPHAIL,TAYLOR.

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