itellya on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
INDEX (THIS WAS IN COLUMNS BUT DID NOT COPY AND PASTE IN THAT FASHION. i WILL TIDY IT UP.)
PROPERTY NAMES ARE IN ITALICS.
ABSOLOM 7 17 41 44 48 49 57 60-1 ABRAHAM 4 ACCIDENTS 17 33 40 42 43 44 57 ADAMS 14 ADAMS J.S. 34 ADDISON 59 AITKEN 5 6 33 47 55 ALLAN/ALLEN 4 19 22 ALLCHIN 11 63 ALLENDALE 50 ALLISON 28 63 ALMOND BUSH STUD 7-10,32 52 55 75 ALSTON 62 ANDERSON 40 ANDREWS 17 69 ANGELICO 39 51 ANNESLEY 24 36 78-9 ANSETT 15 APPLEYARD 5 ARMSTRONG 27 ARMY 6 44 46 48 50 ATKINSON 62 AUSTIN 67
BAILLIE BAKER BALCOMBE 17 18 22 30 75-6 BALFOUR 28 BANIE 18 19 BARAK 65 BARKER 56 57
BARNES 28 51 BARRENGER 60
BARROW’S GREEN 36 BATES 36 BAXTER78-9 BEGGS 48-50 BELEURA 35
BELLA BELLA 4 BELLOWS 3, 34, 59, 71-4 BENNETT 19 26 34 36 63 71 BENT 15 16 33 53 66
BENTON 7 11 17 28 30 63 BLACKS CAMP 25 65 BLAKE 17 BLAMEY 43 BLOOMFIELD 32 45
BOAG 4 58 BOE 51 74 BOLITHO 59 BOURNE 1-4 45 60 BRIERLEY 48 60 61 BRUCE 68 BRUNNING 46, 80 BRUNT 9 38 BUCHER 25 BULL 5 BULLA 62 BULLEN 30 39 51 BURDETT 48 60 61 BURLEY 78 BULSTRODE 50 BUNGOWER PARK 50
BUTCHART 17 BUTLER 45 BUTTER FACTORY 1 35 58
BYRNE 7 14 16 18 19 28 56 76
CAMPBELL 4 19 21 26 28 57
CANADIAN 2 54 63-4 74-5 78 CARNFORD 36 67
CARTER 40 CARTWRIGHT 60 61 CHAPMAN 41
CHESHIRE 29 36 44
CLARK (E) 3 16 44 45 69 CLAY 60 61
CLYDESDALE 29 COBB 56 63
COLES 11 19 26 60 62 COLES Sir George 62
CONNELL 17 18 20 32 35 40 55
COOK 28 29
COUNSEL 10 19 21 29 30 31 32 65
COURTNEY 31 COX 44 COX PLATE 55
COXSHALL 12 13
CRICCIETH 7-9 48 51 CROPS (VEGETABLE) 42
CROWE 4 CUMMINS 46 CUNNINGHAM 44
DAIRYING 3-4 43 47 58 59 60
DALKEITH 4 5 22 40 55
DALLYMORE 5 55 DANDRIDGE 44 60 61 DARLING 42 DEALY 60
DICKER 16 DICKSON 59 60
DIMMOCK 17 DOBIE 69
DOCWRA 16 17 61 DOHERTY 58 DONNE 18
DOWNWARD 32 40 46 49 75 DOWSETT 49
DROMANA 3-4 20 21 25 36 47 58 DUNKERLY 17 20 DUNN 18 40 63
EATON 14 25 28 29 EDGAR 69 ELLISTON 60 ELM GROVE 38
ENGLAND Alf 19 30 31 EVANS 44 60
FIELD 8 41
FIRE 16 42 45 46 50
FIRTH 9-12 16 19 22 24-5 27 29 31 35-8 44- 5 49 62-4 66 69 78-9 FISHERMEN 49
FLOOD 17 19 20 24 26 29 41 43 51 68 FOGARTY 43
FOOTBALL 11 16 42 43 72 74 FORBES 18 FORD 57 FORD MOTOR Co. 39 FORRESTER 47 FOSTER 19 59 FRAME Bros. 38 FRANKSTON 10 56 79 FRASER 41
GALLUS 40 44 GENAT 46 48 49 60 GIBSON 41 GILL 41 GILLETT 18 21 35 58 68 75
GILLIGAN 11 19 22
GLENHOYA 15 31 53 66 75 GLEN MAVIS 36 GODING 42-3 47-8 60 65
GOMM 14-17 26 31 33 39 51 53 55 61 63 66 75 78-9 GOODMAN 60 61
GRAF 16 65 66 GRANT 47 63 64 78-9
GRANTEES 18-19 GREEN ACRES 48-50
GREEN ISLAND 34 56 GREGORY 51 GRICE 17 22-3 GRIERSON 40 44 60 GRIFFIETH 43 55
GRIFFITH 12-14 25 45 GRINDAL 36
GROVER 28-9 GRUCHY 19
HADLOW 61 HAMMERLY 42 HANSON 12 14 HARRAP 63
HASTINGS 15 21 HAWKINS53
HEAD 5 6
HEARN 5 8 18 22 55 HEGGEN 42 HILL 41
HODDLE 24 78
HODGINS 7 64 78
HOLMES 12 53
HOPCRAFT 12-14 57 HORNBUCKLE 46
HORSE RACING 15 17 21 32 52 54-5 56 61
HOSPITAL SUNDAY 29 HOWARD 60 61 HUNT 74 HURREN 55 60 61
HUTCHINS 16 HUTCHINSON 41
ISLAND VIEW 13 51 75
ISAACS 19 21 27 75
JACKSON 5 41 68
JENKINS 11 36 62 JENNINGS 42
JONES 19 7 9 10 22 25 37-41 47-8 50 51 55 57-60 78 82
JONES Alf 6 7 9 10 52 54-56 64 75 78 80
KEILOR 54 KELLY ESTATE 40 KEMP 11
KENNA 11 KENSINGTON RACECOURSE 55 KEWARRA 44
LAKIN 60 61 LANE 60 LA PAIX 49 LEGG 51
LE MESURIER 19 LEMPRIERE 27 LE ROUX 47 50 60 61 LIGHTWOOD VALE 58 LILLYWHITE 40 41
LITTLE FARM 9 LLOYD 50 LODER 74 LORD SOMERVILLE 54
LOVE 18 LUCAS 38
McCONNELL 40 50 McCRAE 23 McROBERTS 60 61 McCURLEY 64
McCUSKER 18 29 31-2 69
McGURK 19 29 51
McKAY 8 17 19 20 22 51
McLAURIN 19 27 31
McLEAR 20 41
McLENNAN 19 22 36 37 MacPHERSON 19
MAILER 18 21 MALE 58 65
MALLENSON 41 MANYUNG 21 MAPS 9 18 19 79 MARQUIS 63
MARRIOTT 25 42 44 46 48 50 60 62 63 MARTIN 37 MARTLAND 78 MASKELL 49 MATHESON 19 20 26
MATHIE 17 MATTHEWS 69 70
MELROSE/MELVILLE HOUSE 55 MILLS 19 MITCHELL 60
MOAT 29 MOATS CORNER 41 59 MONK 56 60 61 66
MOORE 5 69
MOORELLEN 29 44 69
Church/school 3 31 33-4 43 48 62
Station 4 34-5 39 44-5 58 MORGAN 78
MORIARTY 29 69 MORNINGTON PIONEERS 63
MORNINGTON F.C. 11
MORRIS 7 39 48 51 MORRIS James 18 MORTON 43 MOYSEY 19
MURRAY 9 16 38 43-4 47 58 65
NEAL 15 NEUMANN 60
NICHOLSON 20 47
NOLAN 31 32
NORMAN 17 20
OAK HILL 9 OAKHURST 51
OLIN 34 OLIVER 36 67
O’NEILL 22 53 OPPY 37
ORKNEY 11 31 36 38-9 66 81
OSBORNE 2 3
PAGONONI 41 80 PALMER 26 PARISH MAPS 18 19 PARNELL 48 60 61 PATON 69 PATTERSON 35 PAULL 44 PEARCEDALE 53 68
PECK 27 30 40 PEMBROKE 39 48
PENBANK 7-9 39 51 68 78 PENTECOST 63
PERMIEN 24 55 PERROTT 58 PESTS 46 49
PHOTOGRAPHS 1 35 67 70 72 77 82 PINDER 58 PITT 41 69 POEMS 1 16 69 74 75
PORTA 3 19 34 59 71-4
PRESTON GRANGE 35
PROSSER 12 PURVES 57
QUARANTINE STATION 56 QUARRY 21 25 42-4 51 60 78
QUINAN 20 21
QUINN 1 3 17 20 62
RANELAGH 23 63
RANGE RD 2 6
RANSOM 19 28 RAU 49 60 61
RED GUM FLAT 30 32 75-6
RED HILL 3 4 7 12 15
REDWOOD 32 75-6
RENNISON 7 17 18 21 56
RENOUF 12 36 51 75 RICARDO 50 RICHARDSON 48 60 61 62 RICKARDS 45 50 62
RICKETTS 17 ROADS 43 48
ROBERTS 3 4 38 45 50 59 60 62 ROBERTSON 63 ROBINSON 54
ROSEBUD 15 25 46 48 49
ROYAL HOTEL 21 ROYAL MAIL COACH 54
RUDDELL 18 27 31 56 69
RUDDUCK 20 32 RUSSELL 60
SAGE 24 55 78-9
ST JOHNS NURSERY 16
SAWMILLS 7 54
SAWYER 12-14 37 57 58 SAYERS 18 SCOTT 11 22 32 36 38-9 44 46 48 51 64 80 SEATON CAREW 51 SEWELL 45 60 SHALIMAR 48
SHANDON 25 44 48 50 62 63
SHANNON 29 69
SHAW 1 2 11 15 46 65
SHEPHERD 7 9 10 15 16 25 39 48 49 51 -4 63 65 80 SHEPHERD’S BUSH 44 56
SHERLOCK 28 SHERWIN 46
SHERWOOD 21 SHOTTON 63
SLANEY 25 38-9 40-43 46 62-3 SLATER 36 SLOCOMBE 60 62
SMITH 3 17 20 37 60
SMITH J.T. 2 3 19 27 53 63 80SOMERVILLE 46 52-5
SOMERVILLE BABS 16
SOMERVILLE name 52-3
SOMERVILLE school 16 52
SOMERVILLE station 34 53 SOMERVILLE Lord 54 (25-1-1870) SOMERVILLE Townshend 53 80 SONNENBERG 18
SPRING FARM 7-9 39 41 51 55 78 STEER 41 58 STENNIKEN 56
STEPHEN 34 STEWAR(T/D) 18 42 61 STILLMAN 47 60 61
STONE 35 63 STRANAGHAN 60 61 STREET NAME ORIGINS 6 63-8 74-5
SULLIVAN 22 54
SUMMERLANDS 13 14 37 57
SUMMERS Dr. 41 81
SUMNER 19 20 22-4 78
SUNNYSIDE 21 35 56 75
SUTTON 27 31
SURVEYORS 24 SWEET 60 SWIFT 40 59 SYNOTT 19
TAIT 19 22 26 TALLIS 38
Hotel 4 30 TAYLOR 60 61 TELEPHONE 41
THE HEIGHTS (JONES) 9
THE RANCH 25 39-41 62-3 THE SPRINGS 40 45-6 50
THOMPSON 28 36 46 52 58 60 THORNELL 49 55 80
THREE CHAIN RD 1 2 TIMEWELL 43 TOEBELMANN 60 61 TONKINS 78 TOMPKINS 50 TUCK42 TUDDENHAM 60
TUERONG 18 20 25 29 31 35 36 41 44 55 61 68-70
TUERONG VALLEY 21
TUBBARUBBA 29 TULLY 44 61
TURNBULL 34 60
TURNER 4 7 17 41 44 60
TWO BAYS Co. 40 43-4 51 55 64 TWYFORD 48 60 62
UNTHANK 7 36 39 41 48 51 53 63 80
VALE 5 40 47 55
VAN SUYLEN 21 58
WAGNER 17 19 41 59
WANNAEUE 14 WARD 60 61
WATSON 5 6 9 10 25 55 60 78
WEBB 16 19 51 67 75
WEBSTER 7 47 WELLS 46 WESTAWAY 46 WHEAT 41 WHEELER 47-8 60 62 78
WHITAKER 19 21 27 30
WHITE 1-3 17 18 19 20 27-8 40 41 55 58 59 60 62 WIADROWSKI 45-6 60 62 WILSON 4 17 18 20 28-31 57 69 WILSON H.W. 59 WISE 50
WOOD 19 26 WOODHOUSE 48 WOYNA 46 WRIGHT 50 60 62
YEWERS 34-5 56 63
YOUNG 32 YUILLE 19 63
The website of the PORT PHILLIP PIONEERS GROUP includes articles from its newsletter. One of these articles is entitled "Port Phillip Pioneers Register" and consists of extracts from the register.
Thomas Napier was an early resident of Melbourne, and his son, Theodore, whose biography can be found in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and its Metropolis: Past and Present" was born there. Thomas bought land at Strathmore and much detail about the Napiers is given in Bruce Barber's website about Strathmore's history.The Rosebank mansion was built close to the site of the original house by Thomas's son-in-law, Barbour. Theodore's Magdala was burnt down in 1927. Magdala was so named in relation to a family member famed for his military exploits in India. Theodore left Napier Park to be preserved in its natural woodland state and Strathmore was named after a valley near Thomas Napier's birthplace.
David Duncan and his wife, Alexina, came out on the "David Clark" in 1839 (as did, if my memory is correct, the McNabs of Oakbank and possibly John Grant of Seafield, who first settled at Campbellfield).The article describes David Duncan's role in the formation of what became the Royal Agricultural Society.The first show took place on La Rose in 1848. This farm, occupied briefly by Dr Farquhar McCrae, who had leased "Moreland" to Michael Loeman, became the property of Coiler Robertson, who built the grand bluestone mansion in Le Cateau St, Pascoe Vale South. Coiler was the father-in-law of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan and the father of James, who built Trinifour in Park St. THESE ROBERTSONS WERE NOT RELATED TO JAMES ROBERTSON OF ANOTHER GOWRIE PARK AT CAMPBELLFIELD AND JAMES ROBERTSON (FATHER AND SON) OF UPPER KEILOR AND ABERFELDIE.
Section 14 in the parish of Tullamarine was granted to William Thompson and David Duncan. The southern boundary of the 640 acres is indicated by a westernly extension of the line of the east-west part of Melrose Drive, which was Grants Rd, and the western boundary by McNabs Rd. The location of the airport terminal is on 80 acres of section 15 which was the Payne's pig farm "Scone" (with a long o)when purchased for the airport.
As the editor of Victorian Historical has mot yet returned my material, I have to rely on memory again in stating that David Duncan and the McNabs were original trustees of the Bulla Presbyterian Church on the corner of Uniting Lane (Melway 177 G9.) Also, because I do not have my DHOTAMA, that William Thompson was related to the wife of James Robertson of Upper Keilor, according to Deidre Farfor, a descendant of the Robertsons.
The following comes from "Early Landowners: Parish of Tullamarine" by Ray Gibb.
On 17-6-1854, David Duncan paid George Annand, David Duncan and James Robertson (obviously William Thompson's executors) 1500 pounds for the late William Thompson's half share of the 640 acres. On 18-9-1854, David mortgaged the 640 acres to George Annand for 1000 pounds and on 6-9-1855, he sold 80 acres (separated by Bulla Rd in 1847) at the north east corner of section 14 (Melway 5 A4)to Thomas Rogerson for 1200 pounds.
It was probably David Duncan who called the farm "Gowrie Park." A proposal to rename streets in Melbourne Airport in honour of aborigines, early settlers and aviation pioneers in 1989 was killed by
the powers that be after new names had been decided, but Anthony Rowhead, F.A.C. inspector, named the new street near the Liquor Locker as Gowrie Park Drive.
The property existed as one farm, and sometimes two. On 15-12-1857, Charles Duncan commenced a lease on 96 acres (block A, section 14)at a rent of 120 pounds per annum. This land which became known as "Gowrie Side" was acquired from the Donovans for the airport, with the remainder of Gowrie Park bought from Bill Ellis.Its frontage on the east side of McNabs Rd went south for 20 chains (400 metres) from the Mansfields Rd corner.
On 22-8-1859, David Duncan and his wife Alexina mortgaged 553 acres 2 roods and 35 perches to Peter Sharp for 2000 pounds.On 28-2-1863, they sold "Gowrie Side" to Francis Merson for 585 pounds one shilling.On the same day, they mortgaged the southern portion, "Gowrie Park Farm" to Francis Merson for
1200 pounds. On 26-8-1874, Merson reconveyed Gowrie Park Farm to John James and Malcolm Ritchie. They may have been David's heirs or executors, perhaps they married David and Alexina's daughters. The Ritchies of "Aucholzie", west across McNabs Rd, owned Gowrie Park for some time.Circa 1920 it was used as a landing field, and was one of the sites proposed for the state's major airport, during James Lane's tenure.
The three Firth brothers, James, William and John were pioneers in three parishes near Somerville, Victoria, namely Tyabb, Moorooduc and Bittern. As Balnarring parish was part of the Shire of Flinders, much detail was given about the family in "Lime Land Leisure", a history of the shire.
The family legend states that William Firth first saw young Ann Scott while he was looking for water and was so captivated by her beauty that he vowed to marry her one day. The wedding took place on 7-6-1882, when William was 45 and Ann was 22. Ann had been the first white child born at Somerville.
William established "Orkney Farm" at the east corner of Coolart and Eramosa Rds, just west of Henry Gomm's Glenhoya and north of Alexander Scott's grant on the east corner of Webb's Lane. One of William's daughters, Jean, married William Herbert (Paddy) Gomm and the property eventually passed into the hands of the Gomm family.
In 1923, newspapers around Australia reported the tragic death of Mrs James Firth, who at that time was living with her son, Andrew, a farmer of Somerville. On her way home, possibly from the races at Mornington, she was driving "at a moderate pace" and about to cross the railway crossing on Moorooduc Road before turning right into Eramosa Rd, when she saw a special race train. Panicking, she crawled into the back of the car and then jumped out- right into the path of the train. The car escaped practically unscathed apart from frontal bruises from a fence which stopped its progress.
John Firth and John Ricketts were the Executors of Andrew McLellan, another pioneer in the Moorooduc area.(Argus 26-4-1878.)Four years earlier, James Firth and his brother, as well as neighbours near Tuerong Station, such as John and Agnes Wilson, and John McCusker, were called as witnesses in the case of the "Schnapper Point Murder".
When Henry Gomm was trespassing on Lord Moreton's estate, Samuel Monk was one of his companions. Henry was transported to Hobart in 1836 and Hannah (Neal) and her three children joined him in early 1838. Henry gained his ticket of leave in 1841 and owned a 16 ton schooner Venus by 1849.
By 1853 Henry was requesting a post office in Moorabbin parish and by 1862, Henry had 14 acres in Balcombe Rd, probably between the property of Jesse Monk in Church Rd (now St) and George Gomm's 6 acres; George had a house in Balcombe Rd and another in Charman Rd.
At about that time young Henry Gomm, who married Margaret Monk, moved onto his own land at Somerville. Death notices confirm that Margaret came from Cheltenham and that Jesse Monk's wife and James Monk died in Somerville. A Gomm and Monk presence remained near Moorabbin for some time.
The Gomm and Monk families still live in Somerville.
(Sources: Tasmanian Genealogy, City of Kingston website, Trove (Argus)Murray Gomm.)
Trove lists articles and ads re GOMM in most of these places. The City of Kingston Heritage site provides more information as does the Gomm genealogical website.I have much information about the GOMMS of Glenhoya at Somerville and some about Rosebud.Henry and Margaret Gomm (Monk)of Somerville definitely came from Cheltenham.
Somerville Henry's biography in Victoria and Its Metropolis is skimpy and possibly untrue; his surname is wrongly given as GOMIN. He told his family that he came out on the same ship as Tommy Bent, but the bent politician was born in Penrith, N.S.W.
I believe the lack of background and the Bent error were part of a cover-up. Henry Gomm, possibly his father, was convicted in 1835 and transported to Hobart in 1836. In 1838, the mother of his three children, Hannah Neal,brought them out to join him.He gained his ticket of leave in 1841 and by 1849 had done well enough to enter his 16 ton schooner "Venus" in Hobart's annual regatta. Was this the Henry Gomm who was asking for a post office nearer Moorabbin by 1853 and owned 14 acres near the corner of Charman and Balcombe Rd by 1864? Three of Henry and Hannah's children were Thomas, Henry and William. Is it just co-incidence that a Thomas drowned at Dromana, a Henry died at Somerville and a William at Hastings? Or that William and Henry were assessed on lot 13 at Rosebud Village? SEE COMMENTS FOR UPDATES!
The Gomm family of Somerville is related by marriage to at least the following families :SHEPHERD,COATE, DEVLIN, GRAF, CURSON, MARSHALL, NASH, UNTHANK, FIRTH, BIGGS, SCOTT, DUFFIELD.
Mornington really comes to life on Wednesdays when the famous Main St market is held weekly. Although the car parking provision is far better than what exists at most shopping strips, you need to get there early on a pleasant Wednesday. Like Sorrento, Mornington has many historic buildings, but Wednesday is not the day to see them. The thing I like best about the market is listening to Chris sing at the Empire St mall and watching the portrait artist from near Westernport at work on her masterpieces.
I love music and several buskers spread out along Main Street.It's nice to hear good singers without the endless chatter and voting off that goes on in T.V. talent shows. A new group,www.horizon.duo.com was performing near the Grand Hotel today and I had to stop for a listen. They were so good I had to buy a C.D. The girl could match any female vocalist I have ever heard and I am very fussy. While I was listening, I was looking at the Grand...and, you know what I'm like.
Mornington was originally known as Schnapper Point in the early days, and like Rosebud was mainly inhabited by fishermen. The fish population in the bay was declining by 1877 and the use of small mesh nets in the first decade of the 1900's brought protests from local fishermen such as William Ferrier (subject of a journal.) However the Hutchins family of Mornington managed to make a living for decades after most professional fishermen had turned to other occupations or areas.
It was gazetted as a township in 1861, as was the township of Osborne* which straddled the mouth of Balcombe Creek.Osborne was expected to be the main settlement, so like William's Town (shortly after Batman and Fawkner's feud started) it was royally named. Osborne was Queen Victoria's seaside residence on the Isle of Wight and the streets were named after her children, Helena, Augusta, Maude etc. Osborne was not a great success but little Schnapper Point received a gift that aided its development, the jetty. (*That is according to the Moorooduc parish map. The following seems to indicate this is wrong.)
TUESDAY, 10th FEBRUARY.
To Follow tho Government Land Sale. Important Sale by Auction of Shelburne House,
The Residence of Robert Byrne, Esq. Schnapper Point, Fronting the Bay.To Precede the Sale of 70 One-Acre Allotments, in the same Township.
WM. TENNENT and Co. are instructed by the proprietor, Robert Byrne, Esq., to SELL by public AUCTION, at their rooms, on Tuesday, 10th inst.,Immediately after tho Government Land Sale of Property at Osborne,
The substantially-built house, in the fast-rising township of Schnapper Point, known as Shelburne House,
delightfully situated fronting tho Esplanade and Bay,and within one mile of the pier.
The property comprises two acres of ground, on which is erected a very commodious house of five rooms, detached kitchen, with very largo verandah ; also an outhouse, nearly finished, capable of being made into four rooms, together with coach-house, stabling, fowl-house, piggeries, &c, with tank holding over 10 000 gallons of rain-water, and tho whole is most substantially fenced in.
The township of Schnapper Point is rapidly advancing. A substantial stone pier, of some 300 feet, has been built; a steamer runs regularly near this very property, and, in the course of a year or so, there is no doubt that this township will become the most favorite resort near Melbourne.
On New Year's Day, 1857, two steamers took excursion parties to Schnapper Point (P.1, Argus 30-12-1856, Steam-ship Advertisements.)One must presume that the passengers were rowed ashore.
SCHNAPPER POINT.-A large and influential meeting of tho shareholders and inhabitants of Schnapper Point and neighbourhood was held at the Tanti Hotel on Saturday, the 28th of March last, to take steps to expedite the formation of tho jetty at Schnapper Point. A. B, Balcombe, Esq., J. P., in the chair. After a few introductory remarks from the Chairman, stating tho object of the meeting, and the report of the Chief Engineer laid before the Legislative Assembly this session on the projected harbour and jetty at Schnapper Point having been read, and the necessity of obtaining an answer from Government respecting their intentions with regard to the proposed works considered, the following resolutions were proposed to the meeting, and carried unanimously ; First: Proposed by Mr. Henry Howard, and seconded by Mr. John Barrett
" That it is the opinion of this meeting that, | steam communication being now established between this place and Melbourne, a jetty becomes absolutely necessary, to prevent the place from retrograding from the want of
proper landing accommodation."
Second. Proposed by R. Byrne, Esq.,and seconded by Mr.John Carruthers :-" That the following gentlemen do form a deputation to wait upon the Honourable the Commissioner of Public Works, to explain to him the urgent necessity of carrying out the jetty at Schnapper Point, and for which the sum of £4,600 has been placed upon the estimates for 1857, and to request Government support for the above object; and that the following gentlemen be asked by the chairman to form such deputation for that purpose:-W. J. T. Clarke, Esq., M.L.C. ; Captain Anderson, M.L.A.; J. T Smith, Esq, M.L.A. ; the Mayor of Melbourne,F. J. Sargood, Esq.. M.L.A.; A.B. Balcombe , Esq., J.P.; Captain Cole; S. Cowderoy, Esq.; j J. Armstrong, .Esq.; E. Lintott, Esq.; S. Toynbec, Esq. ; and the mover." (P.6, Argus, 2-4-1857.)
THE MOVERS AND SHAKERS.
Robert Byrne, an auctioneer, was later a trustee of Mt Martha Park and a meeting chaired by Balcombe expressed its disgust that he had Sam Sherlock stripping wattle bark in the park, which was originally reserved as a site for the Governor's seaside mansion. See the advertisement re Shelburne above (in italics.) Balcombe (to whom the water fountain in the Empire St Mall is dedicated)had a Run earlier which included the township site and called his pre-emptive right "The Briars" after the family estate where the family had befriended Napolean Boneparte. Big Clarke may have had part of Jamieson's Special Survey by this time or he may have been looking after the interests of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Amazingly I could find no notice regarding the Hearn-Clarke wedding on trove and found Big Clarke's obituary via google.
DEATH OF MR W. J. T. CLARKE.
Mr W. J. T. Clarke, whose name has been almost a household word with Victorian colonists for many years past as the richest man in Australia [he was generally known as "Big Clarke"], died at his residence, Roseneath, Essendon, yesterday afternoon, at 20 minutes to 2 o'clock, in the 73rd year of his age. etc.(P.6, The Brisbane Courier, 24-1-1874.) The obituary makes no mention of James Hearn but Lenore Frost's HISTORIC HOUSES OF ESSENDON did. Lenore stated that Big Clarke had died at Roseneath, the residence of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Roseneath was later the home of William Salmon who donated Salmon Reserve to the council and after whom Salmon St (Melway 28 G1)was named. James Hearn bought about 2800 acres from the Crown on 26-2-1856 (Mt Martha between Bay St and Hearn Rd and 1404 acres as far east as Tubbarubba, adjoining Jamieson's Special Survey.)
Excerpt from my DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY JOURNAL.
On 6-4-1891, Fred Simpson (of Seaview at Red Hill) started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occasions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!
(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assembly for St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences — Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)
J.T.Smith is the subject of one of my journals J.T.SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS. Smith,who came from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission on Melbourne's botanical gardens site, soon turned to business. He built Melbourne's oldest surviving residence (google Muzza of McCrae to see the photo) and the Ascot House in Fenton St, Ascot Vale. He was also the grantee of Crown allotment 19 Moorooduc,whose north east boundary was Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd, and built a house called Nyora.
After his death it became the residence of Henry Slaney and, soon after his death,the Ranelagh estate. A new history board near the J.T.Smith Reserve and monument, discusses the Burley Griffin- designed estate.
Henry Howard,publican of Schnapper Point, had insolvency problems in 1863 and was thanked by the acclimatisation society for sending them a native bear in 1864. The 1863 problem probably damaged his standing but it was completely destroyed when he committed a double murder at the Frankston Hotel in 1875.
To the Editor of the Argus.
Sir,-The mercantile community of Melbourne will never, surely, allow such an old and esteemed colonist as Captain Cole to set sail for England without some public demonstration of the respect and esteem he is held in by all classes of the colonists. No time is to be lost, as report says, the stern old Captain sails in the Eagle.
You will oblige by allowing this suggestion a small niche m your valuable journal.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
A MERCHANT. Melbourne, 10th May, 1855.
It would not surprise me to find that Big Clarke was a good friend of Benjamin Cowderoy. He probably received a good valuation for the required portions of his estates at Rockbank and Sunbury/Clarkefield.
Benjamin Cowderoy, Esq., and Robert Hepburn, Esq., to be valuators and arbitrators for the lands required for the Melbourne and Murray River, and Geelong and Ballaarat Bailways. (P.5, Argus, 21-8-1858.) Benjamin might have already bought some land at Schnapper Point for his small investors. He had a proposal for Geelong, where this meeting was held, and where the jetty had recently been lengthened.
VICTORIA FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY The meeting, of the Victoria Freehold Land Society, held at the Masonic Hall on Friday evening, was well attended; His Worship the Mayor presided until other engagements compelled him to leave, when the Chair was taken by the Rev. A. Love. A deputation from Melbourne, consisting of S. M. South, Esq., J. Houston, Esq., and B. Cowderoy, Esq., were in attendance, the latter of whom (the managing director of the society) read the following half yearly report of proceedings which had been presented to the members at Melbourne.(P.5, Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer, 16-10-1854.)
Wednesday Evening. CENTRAL PROVINCE ELECTION.
The election of a member to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Hood, took place this day. There was only one candidate nominated, namely Captain Cole, who was proposed by Mr. Hull and seconded by Mr. Hammill. There being no opposition, the Returning Officer declared Captain Cole duly elected. (P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 29-9-1859.)
ELECTION.-I hereby give notice that at the Election held by me on this day tho election fell by show of hands on Captain W. A. D. Anderson, on whom I therefore declared the election to have fallen, and a poll having been demanded I declared the polling will take place on the 21st day of the present month of October, commencing at Nine o'clock a m., and closing at Four o'clock p.m., on the same day, at the following-named places, viz. :-At Eltham, Anderson's Creek, and Yan Yean In tho Electoral Division of Evelyn, and at Eummemering near the Dandenong Bridge and at Schnapper Point, In the Division of Mornington.
A.B.BALCOMBE, Returning Officer. 10th October, I856. (P.8, Argus, 13-10-1856.)
This site was purchased by Alex Balcombe, Edward Lintott and Harry Goodall (church trustees) from John Armstrong for £70 who donated the money back to the church building fund.(St Peter's C of E church, No 7, Mornington Historic Walk.)
SCHNAPPER POINT.-LAND for SALE, fronting
the Grand Esplanade, at Schnapper Point. Apply to S. Toynbec, solicitor, 4 Collins-street west.
(P.8, Argus, 25-6-1858.)
WHAT ABOUT ME-EE?
Dromana residents were hopping mad that Schnapper Point, with a smaller population, had a jetty while busting Dromana (supplying timber from Arthurs Seat for railways, jetties and firewood, as well as wattle bark and possibly green granite from McCrae)did not. (You'll have to read the article on trove.)
JETTY AT DROMANA, NEAR SCHNAPPER POINT.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 29 October 1858 p 4 Article
... JETTY AT DROMANA, NEAR SCHNAPPER POINT. Yesterday, at 12 o'clock, a deputation of severa ... had a much larger popula- tion than Schnapper Point, a store and post 1 oftic'o were already erected, ... of a jetty at the) forruor place. The deputation, whioh was In- troduced by the Hon. J. B. Bennett, ... 1340 words
However, Dromana finally got its pier too and, at the urging of Peter Pidoto, it was extended into deeper water. Trading between the two places became easier and the tourist trade helped both towns to grow.
MR S.P. Townsend has sold the Enid, which has been used this last eighteen months for trading between Mornington, Dromana, and Melbourne, to go to the South Sea Islands. The Hunnah Moore, a larger boat, has replaced the Enid. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 17-4-1909.)
Direct communication with Melbourne by water is now being arranged for. "The Enid" which was used last year between Mornington and Melbourne, has been sold by Mr. J. G. Aikman M.L.C. to Mr. S. P. Townsend. Mr. R. Parry has leased the boat again, and the first trip will be made this week. Arrangements are being made with the fruitgrowers of Red Hill to call at Dromana for cargo.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-5-1907.)
TOWNSEND.-On the 22nd November, Cadet Philip Mervyn Maunsell Townsend, aged 16, beloved eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Townsend, of Mornington. He was lost with his ship, the t.s.s. Aparima, torpedoed by a German sub-
marine. (P.11, Argus, 15-12-1917.)
It is possible that S.P.Townsend was descended from John Townsend (b. 1840, d.1918), a very early pioneer of Dromana and grantee in 1885 of 150 acres at Rosebud where his son James was born (31C and 30B, Wannaeue, at Melway G 4-6 roughly.) John was building a slaughteryard at Dromana for H.W.B.C. Wilson in 1904 when Wilson's young son was dragged from a nearby waterhole by his father, unfortunately too late. John Townsend brought the lad back to life using mouth to mouth,the earliest use of this resuscitation method I have come across on trove.A relationship to John, who was familiar with the Red Hill area from very early times, might explain the desire to help the Red Hill fruitgrowers who waited nearly two decades for a railway. The Townsend name seems to be first associated with Mornington in 1898.
The Grand Coffee Palace was designed and built by architect William Pitt for Mr. Cornelius Crowley in 1892. Opulent coffee palaces sprang up across Australia in the 1880's in response to the temperance movement which sought to promote alcohol free hotels. Crowley owned the Cricketers Arms Hotel next door and shortly after the opening of the Grand, he transferred the liquour license from the Cricketer's Arms to the Grand. The Grand Hotel was a two story brick building with a central tower. Originally a carriage way went through to the rear with stables to the west side and accommodation built over the stables. The hotel undertook extensive renovations in 1978. In the lounge Bar off Main Street original brickwork can be seen and throughout the rooms on the ground floor a display of photographs of early Mornington lines the walls.
(Web page-MORNINGTON HISTORIC WALK No 19.)
OLD MORNINGTON LANDMARK TO GO
A landmark in the Peninsula district for more than 60 years, the tower on the Grand Hotel, Mornington, is to be demolished. As it has been noticed swaying dangerously in high winds, it has been declared unsafe. At one time the tower served as a guide to mariners, and is still used by yachtsmen and fishermen as a land mark.
OWNERS AND LICENSEES OF THE GRAND HOTEL,MORNINGTON.
1896 L. C.CROWLEY
1899 L. CORNELIUS CROWLEY TO CECILIA POWELL
1900 L. - POWELL TO SARAH STRONGE
1902 ? MR CLAIRE STRONGE (RETURNED FROM BOER WAR.)
1904 L. OWEN CONNORS, J.O.BOWMAN
1905 L. J.O.BOWMAN
1907 L. JOHN HENRY CHANT TO MARY JOSEPHINE GOLDBERG
1909 ? MR AND MRS LOUIS HARRISON
1912 ? LOU HARRISON (RE STINKY DRAIN NOT BEING HIS FAULT.)
1914 L. AGNES HARRISON
1916 ? LOU HARRISON (SON, GEORGE KILLED IN WAR.)
1920 L. DORA GARDEN, CLARENCE D. ROBERTSON TO FLORENCE HELENA DOWNIE (DORA WAS NAUGHTY!)
1921 L F.H.DOWNIE TO ELSIE HARRIS
1922 L. MR C.D.ROBERTSON
1923. SEEMS TO BE NO REFERENCE TO THE GRAND HOTEL, MORNINGTON. A NAME CHANGE?
1927 L. GEORGE EMERY
1928 L. MR GEORGE EMERY
1932 ? MR L.NUGENT (DONATING PREMIERSHIP CUP TO M.P.F.L.
1937 O MR J.SHARP-BROWN
1940 L. J.B.NAUGHTON TO ELEANOR A.PRY
1946 L. MRS GRIEVES (CRICKET MATCH BETWEEN THE GRAND AND THE ROYAL.
1948 O. MR. MADDEN
1948 L. ALLAN DOWNES
1953 L. ALLAN DOWNES (RE SHIRLEY COLLINS CASE.) Incidentally, the George Bishop Reserve containing the playground near the Dromana Pier is named after the Dromana policeman, a recipient of the Police Valour Medal, who was involved in this case.
James Ogilvie Bowman, former proprietor of the Grand, had a two week stay in Mornington in 1907 after returning from New Zealand, but after keeping a hotel in Shepparton and then moving to the Rising Sun in Melbourne, after saying he was going out of his mind, he committed suicide in 1908.(Summary of two articles I had corrected and pasted but accidentally deleted.)
Much information about the Hattys can be found in the comments after my RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE journal. This includes janilye's link to a Hatty family website. The attached article deals with childhood memories of Dundonald. The Hattys did not buy Dundonald. Donald Kennedy and his brother bought much land cheaply during the depression of the 1840's, at what is now Glenroy and the suburb of Attwood. The Glenroy land was sold off quite early but Kia Ora, Willowbank, Dundonald,and Springbank were not sold by Donald Kennedy's descendants until 1929. The farms listed were bought by Orr, Keith Campbell, Attwood and George Dalley. Edward Campbell, Lord Mayor of Melbourne, who had a holiday home on the east side of the Rosebud jetty access road, later bought Springbank.(SOURCES:IRMA HATTY, JACK HOCTOR, SID LLOYD, GEORGE LLOYD'S "MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952", TROVE, ROSEBUD FISHING VILLAGE MAP AND FLINDERS SHIRE RATES.)
After inspecting the HATTY entry in DHOTAMA, I will add any information not covered in the above-mentioned comments.
THIS JOURNAL IS INTENDED TO CONVEY MY ADMIRATION OF THE FIRST AUSTRALIANS. I HAVE CHOSEN TO TELL THIS HISTORY, WHICH COVERS A PORTION OF AUSTRALIA'S HISTORY ON THE SAME RATIO AS A PIMPLE TO AN ORANGE, THROUGH THE PERSON OF ONE OF THESE FIRST AUSTRALIANS. AS IT IS ENTIRELY FACTUAL, THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN IS FACTUAL, BUT IN CASE ANY OFFENCE IS CAUSED TO OUR FIRST PIONEERS, HIS NAME HAS BEEN CHANGED.
"TANTI", A HISTORY TOLD THROUGH THE MOUTH OF AN ABORIGINAL BOY, AND DEALING WITH ABORIGINAL CUSTOMS, IS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA LIBRARY.
All facets of this story are true, gathered from scores of histories, except for Frankie's family's supposed involvement with them.
I'm a white fella now, so if you happen to come across me on the two bays trail or Eatons Cutting Road, you'll never recognise me. I was born in about 1832, about three years before John Batman (who had plenty of mates from the Sydney mob) and that dwarf, John Pascoe Fawkner, started squabbling over who was the founder of Batmanville, Bearbrass, the Settlement or whatever, finally named after the Prime Minister (instead of the King,because the sandbar would hamper its progress, making William's town a better site.)
I died in 1851 at the age of 19. Now you white fellas probably don't know this, but when we die, we come back as white fellas. That's why the mob on the other side of Nerm took such good care of William Buckley who escaped from Sullivan's Bay near Sorrento in 1803; they thought he was a re-incarnated member of their mob.We usually go walkabout after we die but I decided to hang around in case the other white fellas were not as considerate to my country and Kulin as Georgiana and Henry*, whom I met at the age of 13 while Henry was building Georgiana's house on Wonga. (The house is still there and you call it the McCrae Homestead.) So I've been keeping an eye on your mob (in my retirement!) for 161 years.(*Tuck.)
When I saw itellya's journals at an internet cafe, I just knew he was the bloke to write my story. He told me he was too busy, still having to finish his journals about Melbourne Brindle,the dictionary history of Red Hill and so on, but his obsession finally got the better of him. But he said I had to quote sources so that people would believe what I said. I said, "Listen Sport, (love that word)my people have been keeping their history alive by word of mouth for thousands of years and I don't recall the elders quoting sources. When I told the policemen about the four masons asking the Maori fisherman from Rosebud to take them to the quarantine station, he didn't want sources, just what I saw. And that's what my story is!"
The oldest piece of history I know comes from the dreamtime. I learned it, along with the men's and women's places and so on,when I was preparing for manhood. It was a vast plain with a river running through it where the Boon Wurrung could hunt and fish. We didn't have a name for places; names were more like descriptions of features of the place. Wonga (Arthurs Seat) was our word for the pigeon, very populous in the scrubby bushland on the mountain and our phrase, corrupted to rename the Saltwater River, means "I can hear a ring-tail possum."
My dad and the rest of our clan used to get together with the Wurundjeri where the Fitzroy gardens are now. One day he was standing near the waterfall that used to be near William St, when Surveyor Wedge pointed to the tumbling water and said "Name?" Dad replied, "Yarra Yarra," referring to the tumbling water, not the river, but the river was given this name because of a misunderstanding.It used to flow out between the Heads, with an S shaped course near Corsair Rock which is one of the factors making the rip dangerous, and meet Launceston's Tamar River in Bass Strait. Nerm rapidly filled with water during an incredible storm that was probably caused by earthquakes. We could no longer walk across Nerm to the Werribee River, which was our boundary with the Geelong mob but we still retained the coastal strip, south of the Freshwater River, to Werribee.
We shared a lot of vocabulary with the Wurundjeri, who shared it with other mobs so the pigeon is recalled by places as far apart as Wonga Park and Yarrawonga. We got on fairly well with the Wurundjeri, who lived north of the Yarra and east of the Maribyrnong and owned the famous Mt William axe quarry near Lancefield.The close correlation of our vocabularies probably had as much to do with our marriage partners coming from the other mob as did our shared festivities. We were far more wary of mixing with the mobs near Geelong and Dandenong. (Don't you love the music in our words?)
My dad stayed at George Langhorne's aboriginal mission where Melbourne's botanical gardens are now. He used to help in the garden and remembers when Tullamarine (called Bunja Logan by the white fellas)got into trouble for stealing potatoes. Tullamarine later got into real trouble for leading an attack on John Aitken's "Mt Aitken" but he and Gin gin escaped the first lockup by setting fire to the thatched roof. A fella called John Thomas Smith came down from Sydney to teach at the mission school but the money wasn't much good so he went into business. The next thing you know he's built Ascot House at Ascot Vale and Nyora at Mt Eliza, which became the Ranelagh Guest House.
I remember John Aitken. I was about four, so it would have been in early 1836 that the Chili went aground near Dromana. All of Aitken's sheep had to be carried ashore. Mum and the other lubras, who were collecting yam roots near the shore, called my dad and the other men who helped Aitken save his flock. The terrified sheep were in poor condition and it was only after grazing on what became the "Dalkeith" Run for some time that they were ready to tackle the long walk to Melbourne.
I remember John Pascoe Fawkner too. When the Princes Bridge over the Yarra was almost finished, Georgiana McCrae took me up to see the opening. She went to see her good friend and fellow culture vulture, Governor Latrobe, and took me with her.As luck would have it, the Governor's wife was indisposed and Georgiana pretended to be her. I thought the deception was hilarious but Georgiana swore me to secrecy. Okay, I broke the promise but keeping it for about 113 years is almost 113 years better than the average woman can manage.
(I don't know who janilye is but itellya said I'd better add: janilye excepted!)
Anyway I saw this little man, only 5 feet 2 inches tall, acting as if he owned the place.Georgiana told me how Captain Lancey, on Fawkner's behalf, had arrived at the waterfall, after being warned off by Jemmy Gumm and the others left at Indented Head as watchdogs when Batman returned to Launceston. Fawkner had to be put ashore to settle some financial matters so the Enterprize could leave but he started a seasickness excuse to explain his absence. When I arrived home, I didn't breathe a word about Georgiana's deception despite everyone asking me why I was sniggering to myself.
I did mention Fawker though. My dad told me how he met Fawkner when they both only about 10 years old as the clan moved along the Nerm coast. As boys do, they played at wrestling, climbing trees, drawing on the ground and digging with sticks and making rude noises with their armpits. Dad showed young Johnny two things. The first thing was a game called Marngrook which involved kicking and catching a possum skin ball. Already a budding capitalist, young Fawkner dismissed the idea as a money-making scheme. He stuck to this decision even though dad suggested a name-change might improve its popularity, perhaps something short like AFL.
The second thing was shown during their drawing and digging with sticks. In places where there had been a cooking fire the strange white stuff under the ground had turned to powder. Dad showed Johnny what happened to the powder when it was wet. Captain Collins left Sullivan's Bay soon afterwards to establish Hobart, taking John's father and the other convicts(minus Buckley)as well as the militia and free settlers. Young Johnny was brought up well (in the den of iniquity that Hobart was) by his mother, Hannah (nee Pascoe)after whom a street on Gowanbrae was named at itellya's suggestion, and would have got to know Robert Rowley's parents. Robert's father, a former soldier, drowned while combining boat-fishing and drinking and his mother married Richard Kenyon.Robert's mother and stepfather were the first longtime lime burners near the Heads and John Fawkner was a very early lime merchant in Melbourne. I'm not sure but the Kenyons probably worked for Fawkner.
Talk of Robert Rowley reminds me of when I was about eight or nine and met his mate, Henry Cadby Wells. You might wonder how Wells Rd got its name. Explorers in the Western district raved on about how my people were so clever building eel races there. But we had them everywhere; Solomon's Ford at Avondale Heights, Eel Race Rd at Seaford and so on.Mum, dad and I had one at Eeling Creek that today enters the bay through a drain under the car park on the east side of Tom Salt Park at Rosebud. We had just cooked a huge eel when along came a young white fella and his pregnant lubra. They had followed bullock tracks from Melbourne and despite a couple of day's rest at Stone's hotel to break their walk, they were exhausted, especially the missus.
My dad was a compassionate man so he invited the young couple to share our eel and some conversation, and camp with us for the night which was fast approaching.My dad was also a clever man and a realist.Even though I was a toddler, he insisted that I speak to George Langhorne and other white fellas at the mission school to learn English. He, himself, learnt most of his English from that wonderful man, Protector Thomas, as well as helping Thomas to compile a vocabulary of our language. This mainly happened while Thomas was waiting, with increasing impatience, to get to Tuerong so he could get the Boon Wurrung away from the corrupting influence of Melbourne. Chief Protector Robinson, a well-motivated man, because of his delays, was responsible for the demise of my people-as much as his lack of understanding of connection with country and his decision to settle Truganina's mob on Flinders island led to theirs. Mum and I continued our education at Tuerong until with much wailing and pleading, and lubra's trailing the cart, Protector Thomas was forced to return to Melbourne because of his wife's ill-health.
So it was that we were able to carry on a fluent conversation with the young couple. Hannah told us that they had lost their first child, Mary, (then called Polly at the captain's suggestion)and said that they would give the same name and nickname to their soon-to- be-born child if it was a girl. (It was and they did, Polly being born on the site of the Koonya Hotel at Sorrento, the first child born to permanent settlers on the Peninsula.)
Henry asked dad what the tree on the foreshore with the twisted branches was and why it didn't grow further inland. He was talking about ti tree and dad said that it would be everywhere if we didn't do our regular burns
to maintain open woodlands and make hunting easier. (A trick James Little Brown used to restore a rabbit and ti tree infested hinterland 69 years later.)
Henry had been puzzled by two very faint, and obviously rarely used, dray tracks near Arthurs Seat, one heading up the hill just before a ti tree swamp (and a spring that fed it) and another set that disappeared into the sea near the rocks. Dad explained that drays could get around the rocks on the sand but they had to wait for low tide. I asked Henry where he was going and why. I don't have to tell you where he was going. He was going there to burn lime in partnership with Robert Rowley. Robert had visited the Kenyons in 1839, but probably did not join their partnership,perhaps for personal reasons. He obviously retained his connection with the Apple Isle as he married his bride, Christina Edwards, in Longford, Tasmania. Henry and Robert probably worked together for about half of the 1840's but their market was affected by the 1840's depression, which caused a downturn in demand for mortar. Henry returned to his bootmaking trade in Richmond.More of these two later in relation to crayfishing.
There were few people near Arthur's Seat in the 1840's. There were limeburners from what is now Marks Ave to Point Nepean, the most easterly being established by Edward Hobson before leaving the Tootgarook Run in the capable hands of Peter Purves and tending his brother's Run (and naming the area Traralgon from the local mob's phrase for something to do with rivers.)The market gardening and Masters and Servants Act-breaking Sullivans arrived at the Quarantine site in 1843 but had to move east in 1852, machinery-breaking activist and ex-convict, James Ford supposedly jumped ship, named Portsea, gained a wife and gardening expertise from the Sullivans, and prospered. Owen Cain arrived in the early 1840's and set up his limeburning operation on Tyrone, experiencing heartburn when his 4 year old daughter became lost in the wilderness for four days,refusing to answer searchers' calls in case they were from a savage (Like me!) The Skeltons were early limeburners on Shelley Beach which should be called Skelly (short for Skelton)Beach.
Nearer to Arthurs Seat were the Meyricks on the Boneo Run, a succession of occupants on the Cape Schanck Run, the McCraes on the Arthurs Seat Run and Henry Dunn who leased Jamieson's Special Survey (formerly part of Edward Hobson's Kangerong Run) from 1846 to 1851. It was fairly quiet near Arthurs Seat and there were plenty of kangaroos so there was no need for us to kill sheep or cattle to survive;in the name of SPORT that was soon going to change!
END OF PART 1.
Hang on, I just had a flood of memories from the 1840's.The first one was from Tuerong when I thought the English had two different kings at the same time. Protector Thomas was telling me about the king and his crown, beautiful horses and carriage and so on. When I asked him where the King lived, he pointed to the bit of land sticking out into Nerm where we used to get the fish you call schnapper and said, "Far away over the sea." Then we sang a hymn about the king of Hebben. I asked if this was the king of England and Mr Thomas said he was the king of everywhere.Then I enquired where he lived and he pointed up in the air. That made sense; if you're king of everywhere, you'd need a high lookout to keep an eye on all your subjects.
I became a friend of the McCraes' tutor, John McLure, and George McCrae, and when I was 8, we followed Georgina and a man I thought was a doctor (because his name was Surgeon Franklin) as they walked to the top of Arthurs Seat. I asked George if Surgeon Franklin used a saw and John chuckled," It's Siiiir John because he is a very important man and has been the Governor of Van Dieman's Land. He climbed to the top in 1802 with his uncle, Matthew Flinders, so they could see the size of your Nerm."
THE HOBSONS OF DAREBIN CREEK, KANGERONG, ROSEBUD,TOOTGAROOK, KENSINGTON, TARWIN AND TRARALGON, VIC, AUST.
As local histories ignore details not pertaining to the area of discussion, Lime Land Leisure and On the Road to Rosebud focused mainly on Edward Hobson being on Kangerong and moving to the Tootgarook Run before the former became Jamieson's Special Survey.
This pioneer's full name was Edward William Hobson, not William as the DISCOVER THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA website states. The runs held by him were: on the Darebin Creek (early 1837, see below), Kangerong (1837, see below), Tootgarook (not specified, until 1850 according to Hollinshed) Wooloowoolooboolook (1850-1850 according to Hollinshed, see George Smith below), Tarwin Meadows (1843-January 1845), Traralgon (occupied August 1844-Early 1853.See origin of Traralgon's name in comments under my ABORIGINAL VOCABULARY journal.)
The two Mornington Peninsula histories give the impression that Edward Hobson moved to Gippsland after he had sold the Tootgarook Run lease to James (and Peter!) Purves. The above shows that he was in Gippsland beforehand. As Edward's brother, Edmund, who held the licence for the Traralgon run, did not visit the run until 1847, Edward would have had to be there instead of at Tootgarook. This confirms Charles Hollinshed's belief that Purves might have been managing Tootgarook for Hobson.
Soon after Owen Cain arrived on the peninsula in about 1844, his four year old daughter went missing and was found near-dead four days later. Rescuers had been near where she was found but she didn't call out, thinking the searchers might be aborigines. She was taken to the Wooloowoolooboolook Run homestead (reckoned to be on the Cape Schanck road, six miles from his Arthurs Seat homestead, by young McCrae, which I calculate to be near Pattersons Rd) where George Smith's wife nursed her back to health. In his "Beautiful Dromana" of 1927, Spencer Jackson stated that George's wife was related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake , after whom I presume Hobsons Bay near Melbourne was named. It would be a reasonable assumption that this made George Smith a relative of Edward Hobson too. Young McCrae's estimation of distances must have been astray as Patterson Rd in Fingal would have been in the Boniyong or Cape Schanck runs. James Purves received grants totaling 414 acres south of Hiscock Rd and west of (Old) Cape Schanck Rd (Melway 169 J 8-9 to 170 D8-9) so Wooloowoolooboolook was more likely in that vicinity.
I was going to mention that Hobsons Rd, Kensington (Melway 42 G-H3)might be connected with these Hobsons. As a matter of fact, it certainly was! For that reason, I will paste an extract from my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla".
Consisting of only 49 acres (those to the east being about 66 acres) this allotment was granted to Edmund Charles Hobson in 1847. By 1-11-1848, he had died and the property was leased to Richard Philpott for 14 years by his executors, James Horatio Nelson Cassell and John Robert Murphy (owner of allotments 17-19). Ownership of the allotment probably reverted to the widow, Margaret Hobson, and her sons, John and Charles in the early 1870’s. In 1874, Margaret bought, from Wight, a one chain-wide strip of land through Wight's allotment 21 that is now the eastern end of Hobsons Rd.
It is likely that subdivision took place in or before 1882 because the 1883 directory (the first to list Kensington residents in streets) named Bayswater Rd, which apparently had 14 residents. The attached map of Kensington shows Murphy's, Wight's and Mrs Hobson's land.
West of Kensington Rd was Edward Byam Wight's allotment 21, which he named "The Ridge" and now contains The Ridgeway and Bangalore St. The Hobson grant would include Westbourne and Baywater Rds. It's time for more information about the grantee of crown allotment 22, section 2 in the parish of Doutta Galla. Strangely this information is found by googling Edward William Hobson and clicking on the A.N.U. BIOGRAPHY. Most of the information above came from this website and William Cuthill's history of Traralgon.
Edmund Charles Hobson (1814-1848)was born at Parramatta and was sent to Tasmania at the age of 2 to be cared for by his maternal grandfather in Tasmania. I will let you read the biography regarding his scientific and medical contributions.Edward William's birth in 1816, also at Parramatta, might have caused difficulties, which could explain why the first-born was sent away.Edmund Charles married Margaret Adamson in September, 1837; she was the widow who bought part of "The Ridge" in 1874. By this time Swamp Rd (Dynon Rd) had probably been made and Hobsons Rd would have provided a short cut to allotment 22.
WHY DID EDWARD WILLIAM HOBSON LEAVE THE RUN NEAR DAREBIN CREEK AFTER SUCH A SHORT TIME.? As soon as Melbourne had been surveyed, Governor Bourke's next instruction was to start at Batmans Hill (Spencer St Station site) and survey along the Moonee Moonee chain of ponds (Moonee Ponds Creek), establishing parishes of no more than 25 square miles.Land in the parishes on the east side were sold first; If I remember correctly, Will Will Rook was alienated in 1839, so Jika Jika would have been sold earlier. The lease for the run probably was cancelled as soon as the survey was completed.
WHY DID EDWARD LEAVE KANGERONG? The Safety Beach area was probably a bit swampy with Tassells Creek (now Martha Cove), Dunns Creek (which flowed into Sheepwash Creek) and Sheepwash Creek probably being blocked at the beach and having ill-defined banks such as Chinamans Creek at Rosebud West.But, as nobody was occupying the land in 1837, he would have found nice open woodland on the slopes of the future Dromana Township, courtesy of regular burn off by the aborigines.One day he might have been on a kangaroo shoot with his mate Jamieson of Cape Schanck and been introduced to the area along the present Bayview Rd (known as Hobson's Flat Road in the early 1900's.)
Having passed the barrier of Arthurs Seat and found this rich flat,Edward may have let his stock wander wherever they pleased. They would have to be rounded up at times and on one occasion, he might have been almost blinded. A white glare on a sunny day that caused the eyes to close involuntarily! Lime! He had probably heard of John Pascoe Fawkner becoming a lime merchant and heard the rumour that Richard Kenyon and his wife, the former Mrs Rowley, were at the Heads supplying him. It was a long way to drive cattle to Melbourne and there was no guarantee that they would be sold. Lime was in demand for mortar! Why not get a run in this locality and combine grazing with a steady income? He built a lime kiln near the present Marks Ave (Melway 170 A2.) This street was named after a co-grantee of crown allotment 13 Wannaeue.
WHAT DID EDWARD DO AFTER HE LEFT TRARALGON? He occupied "Traralgon" until early 1853 and it was probably then that he bought the Rosebud and another boat. The Rosebud was wrecked in 1855, not 1840 as stated in Mr Cuthill's history. Peter Wilson stated that the Rosebud was not insured but it was (for 700 pounds by James Purves, as discovered in trove.) I'll let you read about the cattle stealing, N.S.W. etc in the biography.
I was exploring trove when I discovered the source of a mistake in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary booklet of 1970. (The church, which stood directly opposite 274 Melrose Drive, has been demolished but its stained glass windows, which honour pioneering families, have been incorporated into the Uniting Church in Carrick Drive, Gladstone Park.) The mistake was made by Isaac Batey in his history of the Sunbury area; he called the Lady of the Lake Hotel, the "Lady of the Lady".
My intention is to give detail of the people who ran the hotels, but as I no longer have the copious notes from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records that I made over 20 years ago, I will have to call on TROVE for help. In the meantime, I can tell you the names and exact locations of the hotels between Essendon and Sunbury.
Before I start, I will tell you briefly about some of the hotels that existed along what is now known as Keilor Rd. The first was built by Tulip Wright, the early Chief Constable and Bulla pioneer from LINCOLNSHIRE. He had built the Bridge (later Deep Creek)Inn at Bulla in about 1843 but when the major route to the goldfield to Mt Alexander became the one through Keilor, he leased his first inn to (Caspar, or was it Donohue?) and built the Lincolnshire Arms at what was called the Essendon Crossroads (Deep Creek road, Mt Alexander (Keilor)Rd, Woodlands St and Lincoln road.)Lincoln Rd was the original name of Carnarvon Rd, the boundary between sections 15 and 16 Doutta Galla.
It appears that John Kernan had twice previously applied for a license at this site. A report on applications in The Argus of 16-4-1851 showed that his application for the Junction Inn was refused for the second year in a row. It was proposed to be located at the junction of the Mount Macedon and Keilor Roads. However the site applied for may have been that of Tullamarine's Junction Hotel. Even though Pascoe Vale Rd, Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were all referred to in early times as "Macedon road', I am reasonably certain that Mount Macedon road meant Bulla Rd. However, the present Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine (the boundary between E.E.Kenny's "Camp Hill" and William Foster's grant)led south to Keilor and was still called Keilor Lane (as was Fosters Rd, renamed Keilor Park Drive) in reports about the Oaklands Hunt. In those days the northern part of Broadmeadows Rd (Mickleham Rd as far as Fawkner St) may not have been made. Travellers to Sydney were advised to proceed along Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive) which was described in relation to the sale of Lake Farm in 1853 as "the great road to the diggings" and go to the right of the Lady of the Lake Hotel to reach Broadmeadows township. After they crossed the Moonee Ponds creek, they would climb the Ardlie St hill and continue towards Wallan on the route which is still called Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Lane. As the present Broadmeadows Rd obviously did not continue to Broadmeadows township at the time the travelling advice was given, its only purpose would have been as a short cut to Keilor for those travelling south.
I HAVE JUSTIFIED WHY THE LOCATION OF JOHN KERNAN'S APPLICATION COULD ALSO HAVE BEEN AT TULLAMARINE JUNCTION. ANOTHER GLANCE AT MY PAGES OF SCRIBBLE, MAINLY ABOUT D.W.O'NIAL, REVEALED THAT IT MOST LIKELY WAS AT TULLAMARINE! An article on page 4 of The Argus of 21-4-1852 shows that the licence of the Lincolnshire Arms was transferred from Mr Wright to Edward Wilson. Mr Wright was, of course, Tulip Wright, and Edward Wilson may have been the Argus editor, leader of the acclimatisation movement and opponent of the squattocracy, who shortly after purchased Arundel and established a model farm (read "zoo") on it. As P.Donohue's application for a licence for Tulip's old Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed at the same hearing as Kernan's in 1851, one would presume that Tulip was at least building the Lincolnshire at that time.The proximity of another hotel to Kernan's proposed location would have been given as a reason for refusal, or at least mentioned, if Kernan's site was at Essendon Crossroads.
What luck for Tulip! He built the Lincolnshire Arms just before the gold rush started at the one place that was on the great road to the diggings before and after 1854.Before Brees' bridge was built at Keilor, the main route was through Bulla (passing The Linc.)and when the road to Mt Alexander was improved at Government expense by contractors such as Samuel Brees and (Martin?) Higgins, diggers still went right past his hotel en route to Keilor.His luck did not last; he died in 1855 after having built the Sir John Franklin Hotel at Sunbury, which became Caspar's.
John Kernan's family pioneered the Somerton area and John Kernan (perhaps the licence applicant) leased, and then bought the part of J.P.Fawkner's "Belle Vue Park" that had been sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named.)John Kernan called this Merai Farm; it grew fine crops because of the nightsoil that was used as fertiliser! Merai Farm was bounded by Pascoe Vale, Devon and Northumberland Rds and Gaffney St. John later developed subdivisions in Strathmore and named a street there after his great mate Michael Loeman of "Glenloeman" on Tullamarine Island.
The next hotel on Keilor Rd was the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve mentioned in the history compiled by Garnet Price,Keilor's City Engineer, which had to be the Springfield Inn.. This inn was included in the sale when the grantee, William Nicholson sold Springfield to James Kavanagh. In 1852, James and his wife Mary were attendants at the wedding of Patrick Phelan and Ellen Connor who lived on the next farm east, Spring Park.Five years later, James and Mary were to lose their daughter, Mary Ann, whose funeral procession started from the Springfield Hotel (Argus 1-10-1857 page 8.)
The North Pole Inn was on the west corner of Milleara Rd, which was called North Pole Road from the time that William Cherry used Solomon's ford to get from Altona to Keilor until well into the 1900's, when Quinn and others were subdividing land once farmed by the Dodds/Delaheys and John Beale.In 1850, James Laverty, a business associate of Connor and Phelan, bought land between the present Webber Pde and Milleara Rd from the grantee, Joseph Hall, for a song. A year later he would have had to pay an opera because the gold rush had started! It was consistently said to be of 183 acres although the Doutta Galla parish map says it was 180 acres and 3 roods. Edward Fegan was running this hotel by 1858. Laverty tried to sell the hotel and the adjoining estate of Spring Vale in 1859. (Argus 22-6-1859.) On 3-2-1864, George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot took over the hotel's operation; In the same year, John Corcoran bought the hotel and land.It was probably John who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm. A later owner of this and the next crown allotment east was Michael Fox, who owned Barbiston at Tullamarine. Michael lived in a house at the corner of Milleara Rd until his death on 4-9-1918.
The Sir John Franklin Hotel was at the east side of the Collinson St corner. Crown Allotment 18A was granted to Grey and Wedge, and passed into the ownership of John Gemmell who sold the 133 acres to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw on 31-12-1853. The Bradshaws subdivided the land, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets after men o' war.Henry Eldridge bought the hotel site for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. In 1857, he lost a daughter, Eleanor. Her funeral was to proceed from Henry's Sir John Franklin Hotel to the new cemetery. Henry did not seem to be listed in the electoral role of 1856 but he's there all right, under the alias of Henry Heldridge!
The 1847 Port Phillip directory listed Henry Eldridge as a farmer on the Carlton (or Carleton) Estate, Plenty. Nobody seems to know where this estate was and the term Carlton Estate has not been seen in newspapers of that time.
HOTELS IN BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP.
This township, now known as Westmeadows, had three hotels. The BROADMEADOWS and the VICTORIA were operating in the 1850's, the former still on the same site but in its third building. It is so obvious that the first two buildinds, and the Victoria, were destroyed by fire that I won't bother telling you. (Sorry but sometimes my sick sense of humour gets the better of me.) The Victoria was a little bit further up Ardlie St.These two hotels did a roaring trade due to one of the routes to Sydney passing through the township and the hopefuls rushing to McIvor's Diggings at Heathcote. Henry Franklin, a baker, added the Franklin Hotel on the west corner of Fawkner and Bent Sts in the 1870's.Its bluestone was used to build the vestry at St Paul's C of E after it had burnt down but some remains under the ground near the present front fence. As plenty of detail is provided in Andrew Lemon's "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", I will not repeat it here, due to my policy of not regurgitating what has already been written, (as long as it is freely available.)
Andrew does not mention the later movements of William Chadwick of the Broadmeadows Hotel after whom I had Chadwick Lane (Melway 6 A5) named. He later built the Farmers' Arms at the south west Corner of Mt Alexander Rd (28 G5) which was later obviously run by Peter Pitches, after whom Pitches St would have been named. Later, he built the Farmers' Arms Hotel at, I think, Benalla.(When John Shorten sends me a copy of the 2 500 page Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around, I will be able to confirm this from the Chadwick entry.)
Further north at the south west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds, John LavArs built Lavars' Hotel which was quite a landmark, sometimes too hard to pass without stopping for some. Bob Blackwell' s grandfather, John Blackwell, of Blackwells Lane (177 E7)was working for Pigdon on Dunhelen (386 B 11)and returning from a delivery of hay to Melbourne thought he'd stop for a drink or ten. As he drove into the Dunhelen driveway, John Pigdon's steely glare could be sensed even in the dark as he snarled, "You're late!" Standing erect on the driver's seat, John Blackwell replied, "Nobody can say I'm drunk!" Pigdon laughed heartily at such effrontery and forgave the transgression. Lavers Place (6 A5) is another street on the Alanbrae subdivision of Keith Campbell's Willowbank to be named after a publican. Not trusting my spelling of the name, the developer unwisely consulted the rate records and came up with the wrong spelling.
HOTELS ON BULLA ROAD.
TRAVELLERS' REST HOTEL. (Melway 16 A5.) Gordon Connor told me in 1989 that this hotel was "where the garage is." He was referring to the garage near Airport West Shoppingtown. Titles information shows that the hotel land was bounded by Dromana Ave, Louis St, Rodd Rd and the northern section of Matthews Ave (which was Deep Creek Rd.) Hotels in the country usually had stables and grazing for guests' horses; catering for travellers was the government's main reason for allowing them. Gordon was the son of a Moonee Ponds bootmaker and often passed the site, shortly after the hotel was burnt down in 1899, on his way to Grandma Nash's "Fairview" at Melway 5 F6. Jack Howse who owned the hotel, had a farm called "South Wait" between Cam Taylor's St John's (where nightsoil was dumped before it became St John's Field or Essendon Aerodrome) and Camp Hill (Gowanbrae.) Howse also had a slaughteryard. (Gordon Connor; George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road 1920-1952; Titles.)
JUNCTION HOTEL.(Melway 5 J10) This hotel was operating by 1868 and continued until the early 1920's when Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" whose homestead (built by George Mansfield in 1910) was "only 100 yards away", on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave, led the push to have it closed. A stalwart of the aforementioned Methodist Church, Tommy never let liquor pass his lips but it was not the merchandise that led to his opposition. The hotel was the scene of frequent weekend brawls as carloads of louts from Melbourne descended on the sleepy hamlet to get "smashed". Cec and Lily Green took over the hotel as a garage and shop, giving that junction the well-known name of Greens Corner. A policeman visited the Greens later and showed them a bullet lodged in a door that had been fired in an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the hotel.Lily Green stated that her fondest memory of her time there was serving that great man, Alister Clark of Glenara.(Gordon Connor; Harry Heaps; Methodist Church Centenary 1970; trove; Broadmeadows Observer interview with Lily Green; A Green descendant re the bullet.)
THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Melway 5 H11.)This hotel was established by David William O'Nial. His wife's name was Ellen. David O'Nial died. Ellen O'Nial did not die! I suspected 23 years ago that Ellen O'Nial did not die when I was researching Broadmeadows rate records in relation to John Cock who leased a farm called "Broombank" from 1867 until 1882, when he started a lease on Donald Kennedy's "Dundonald Estate" between Broadmeadows Township and Gellibrand Hill.
He was followed on "Broombank" by the Williams family. One of the sons of that family, Colin Williams, was 99 when I first met him.Colin told me of the many coins found by his father while ploughing. Jack Hoctor (also 99) told me how his uncle Michael Hoctor (who lived in the old coach house on the Broad St corner at Westmeadows) was working on Broombank for John Cock, who suggested that Michael sleep in the barn and go home at weekends.After the first night, Michael, whose sleep had been much disturbed by mice, stated emphatically, with true Irish colour, "I'll not sleep here again or I'll likely wake up and find myself dead entirely!"
David and Ellen O'Nial had four daughters; two of them married but the ones Colin told me about were the two spinsters, Catherine and Minnie. These two were well-known to Colin and to Harry Heaps and Maggie Loft, another two of my informants.
Catherine and Minnie told Colin how they had peered through the Cape Broom hedge that gave Broombank its name as the Burke and Landells expedition passed on its way to the second encampment near the site of the Inverness Hotel. Because of childhood attachments such as this momentous occasion in Australian history, when the ownership of Broombank passed to the two spinsters, who lived in Docker St, Richmond according to the rate records, they refused to sell the property.
After the Williams moved, Ray Loft (son of Tommy Loft of Dalkeith) leased Broombank for many years until, on the death of the last remaining spinster, he was finally able to purchase the farm. Ray lived in the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St on Tommy's subdivision. The Broombank homestead was over 80 years old and probably a restorer's delight as the real estate agents put it. Colin Williams, who showed me a photo of the building, told me that it was at the end of a 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd; When Ray Loft subdivided Broombank in 1952, he named the drive after his wife, Maggie (nee Millar.) The homestead was, of course, the old Lady of the Lake Hotel! John Cock told Colin's dad that it was haunted but this was not because Ellen O'Nial did not die.
Okay I'll fess up! Firstly, you probably wondered what this Burke and Landells business was. Landells, who organised the camels was second in charge but left in a huff. William Wright (not Tulip) was engaged to replace him but lingered at Menindee, thus causing the deaths of Burke, Wills and Gray.Secondly, Mrs Ellen O'Nial did not die, but Mrs Ellen Beaman , relict of the late David William O'Nial did. I thank the Broadmeadows rate collector for filling in the details regarding the owner of the 33/37 acres that John Cock was leasing, R.Beaman. Without this detail I would never have thought of googling Beaman.
Before moving onto a chronology with the aid of trove, I need to tell you about SPRINGS , which was given as the location of the Lady of the Lake. Springs was a very vague location, about as vague as Moonee Moonee Ponds, which is mentioned in my historical howlers journal. The fact that SPRINGS was on the way to both Keilor and Bulla made Isaac Batey think that Jack O'Nial may have also operated the Springfield Inn on Keilor Rd.Spring St, Tullamarine and Spring St, Niddrie are reminders of how vague the location name was.
By 1849 the name Springs was used to describe the location of Sandy Smith of "Norwood" (Melway 27 E2-3), James Laverty of "Spring Vale" (15 E9)and David O'Nial of the Lady of the Lake (5 H 11.)This obviously created confusion so by 1856 Bernard Cavenagh (sic, Kavanagh) of Springfield, James Collier (55 acres 2 roods and 3 perches comprising the northern part of the Niddrie quarry- east of Quinn Grove Reserve), Patrick Phelan of Spring Park (bisected by McNamara Ave)and Edward Fegan, operator of the North Pole Inn, were all described as living at Springfield. You might find something common to most of the farm names; they have spring as the first part of the name. Add to these James Robertson's Spring Hill, which became Aberfeldie!
Why a 10 year was issued for Leslie Park is beyond me, for by the end of 1842, land in the parish of Tullamarine was put up for alienation (purchase from the Crown.) William V.Leslie Foster received the grants for section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla on opposite sides of Sharps Rd and west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John Foster received the grant for 20 Doutta Galla,between Fosters Rd (Now Keilor Park Dr.) and the river, which was later called "Spring Farm" (The Argus, 29-11-1867 p.2). It is likely that the brothers called all of this land "The Springs" as by 1850 there was a school on it with "The Springs" used to describe its location. The name was also used to describe the Fosters' property in the case of a murder that took place on the road to Keilor in, I think, 1843.Why would they call their property "The Springs"?
The Fosters were early squatters, John Vasey Leslie Foster (later John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster) had challenged Dr Farquhar McCrae to a duel over the transfer of the Eumemmerring run (which accounts for Foster and McCrae Sts in the heart of Dandenong)and in 1840, John and his older brother, William, were given a 10 year lease on Leslie Park, which Sam Merrifield stated was located at Essendon. (Sam Merrifield, who was born in the old Wordsworth house on the south side of the Strathconnan Square/ Melrose Dr. corner, according to Harry Heaps,became a much loved member of parliament and historian; the Moonee Ponds Library is named after him.)
Back to the origin of the name. In the 1860 Geological Survey Map at a spot north of the present Camp Hill Park (Melway 15 J1) is written "a constant supply of excellent water." As the contours do not indicate a catchment, it must be assumed that the origin of the water was a spring.The water then flowed west one chain into section 3, curving south on the east side of the Spring St (Leo Dineen) Reserve and through the pedestrian access at the south end of the oval where it met another stream that originated north west of section 3 and flowed through what became Michael Reddan's "Brightview".It then joined the Steele chain of ponds at 15 F 7, which was set aside as a water reserve in the subdivision of 18A Doutta Galla.(Memorial 24734(2).)
Information about SPRINGS comes mainly from page 95 of my "Early Landowners;Parish of Doutta Galla."
LADY OF THE LAKE ON TROVE.(All from The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
16-4-1851. LICENCES.P. Donohue's application for the filthy Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed but that of D.W.O'Nial, Springs, was granted.
115-5-1852 p.2. An inquest into the death of Joseph Morgan, bullock driver was held at the Lady of the Lake Hotel.
19-4-1855 p.7, MISCELLANEOUS. The secretary of the Port Phillip Farmers'Society, A.E.McCracken advertised that body's annual ploughing match, to be held on the farm of Mr Beaman, Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek Rd, on 10th May. (The secretary was Alexander Earle McCracken of Butzbach, brother of Robert and Peter, who returned to Scotland in 1857 due to his wife's poor health. See the J.T.Smith and his electors journal.)
26-5-1855 p.4, BIRTHS. At the Lady of the Lake Hotel on the 23rd, the wife of Richard Beaman of a son.
13-11-1856 p.5. INSOLVENT COURT. In re Richard Beaman. The official assignee elected to abandon the property over which Mr Foster held security. This was almost certainly the Lady of the Lake. The northern part of Foster's section 3, east of Melrose Drive, was bounded on the east by today's Mickleham Rd to a point just north of Londrew Court. Up to 1952, It contained only two properties, Broombank and the land associated with the Junction Hotel that became known as the Junction Hotel. The rest of the northern 240 acres (west of Melrose Dr.) can be accounted for: Charles Nash ("Bayview" of 109 1/2 acres) and smaller blocks owned by Nash and George Mounsey, J.F.Blanche (teacher at the Wesleyan school at the Cherie St bend), Thomas Purvis, John Wright and Ann Parr. They were all Wesleyans.
15-4-1865 p.5. W.J.O'Nial was given a 30 yard start in the half mile handicap and was also entered in the sack race over 80 yards at the Melbourne Amateur Athletic Sports on the Melbourne Cricket Ground. He might have been David's son or nephew.
20-2-1875 p.1, MARRIAGES. On 9-11-1874 at St Patrick's Cathedral, Charles John, the only son of Richard Beaman Esq., Collingwood to Elizabeth Neil, second surviving daughter of Andrew Knox Esq. late of Edinburgh.As Charles was an only son, he may have been the boy whose birth was reported on 26-5-1855. It's a pity that the mother's name was not mentioned in these notices and that I don't remember the address of the owner of "Broombank" in 1867 when John Cock started leasing it so that I could state with certainty that Richard was the new owner of "Broombank"circa 1855 and Charles his newborn, and only, son. I just did a genealogy search for Charles John Beaman and found something that must be corrected; I am starting a BEAMAN/O'NIAL journal. Be back soon.
How things have changed! I would not imagine many widows today would tie the knot again if anything they inherited from their late husband automatically became the property of their new husband (read "master".) And how many mothers today would be happy with a birth notice that is no reward for nine months of labour and the pain , and probable death, during delivery? How is the 26-5-1855 notice any different from this imagined birth notice?
BIRTH. McNAB. On 5-5-1851, the cow of John McNab Esq. of Oakbank of a male calf. In fact such a notice would have mentioned that the mother's name was Oakbank Annie, the first Ayrshire in the colony.
23-12-1884 p.1.DEATH. On the 21st at her residence, Clyde Terrace,Collingwood, Ellen Theresa, the dearly beloved wife of Richard Beaman and relict of the late David William O'Nial, an old colonist of 43 years standing.
ADD NEW SURNAMES!!!
THE BEECH TREE. (Melway 5 G10, opposite 322 Melrose Dr.)This was destroyed by fire in 1892 (The Argus 2-2-1892, page 4) but was rebuilt, serving its patrons (mainly drovers such as Noah Holland) for three more decades. The Melrose Drive or Tullamarine Reserve was originally Noah Holland's 6 acre property but was enlarged with the addition of Handlen's acre block on the north. Hopefully this reserve will soon be called the Rasmussen Reserve to honour Tullamarine's much loved teacher from 1909 and Progress Association Secretary (1924-1954)who was responsible for its acquisition and donation to Broadmeadows Shire.
EXTRACTS FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.
The Beech Tree Hotel was closed in 1911 with Mrs Ivy Fleming probably being the last licensee. John Beech originally had a store in 1853 but by 1865 Balls were being held at the hotel, probably in the “billiards room” in which volunteers were given send offs to the First World War. The Beech Tree was a haunt of drovers and Noah Holland would meet them there to guide them to Newmarket Saleyards. See Tullamarine on Trove, last page.
(Andrew Lemon, Coles’ Hotel Records, Harry Peck.)
BEECH TREE HOTEL.
5-11-1855. (Page 8, last column) A draught horse had been stolen and a reward for its return could be collected at the Lamb Inn in Melbourne or the Beech Tree hotel in Deep Creek Road. This is the earliest reference I have seen to the hotel; the previous earliest being a reference to a Ball in 1860 from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records. Bulla was called Deep Creek for a while because of Tulip Wright’s Deep Creek Inn near the causeway that he built. (Bulla Bulla I.W.Symonds.)
24-2-1860. John Beech placed a notice for W.Williams to see him at the hotel about some good news.
13-2-1861. (page 8) The hotel was advertised for lease.
24-1-1874. ( Page 1, 1st column, DEATHS.) Notice of the death of James Tenniel at the Beech Tree Hotel on the 23rd. there is also a funeral notice. If I remember correctly, James had been a policeman in Broadmeadows Township in its early days. He had run the hotel for some time (1868 Keilor Rates.)
25-11-1884. (Page 3, last column, FATAL SHOOTING ACCIDENT.) Edward Alford, who had been working for Robert McDougal on Arundel (Section 1) for a short time was accidentally shot and died. His body was taken to the Beech Tree Hotel where an inquest would be held.
2-2-1892. (Page 6.) Late last night the Beech Tree Hotel at Tullamarine was completely destroyed by fire. It must have been rebuilt quickly. Keilor Shire assessed William F.Katchell in 1890, Max Rosenberg in 1891, Buggy and Fontana in 1892 and A.Huxtable in 1893. (Tullamarine: Before The Jetport Ray Gibb.)
23-3-1910. (Page 2, column 2, 1st item.) The hotel, with the 57 acres on which it was situated, was being sold on the instructions of James Holbery (who had owned it for quite a while.) Its description is excellent. Of special significance was the billiard room (30x18 feet) in which the Tullamarine community farewelled its soldiers during WW1. Ivy Jackson was leasing the hotel. Three years later, Marion Wilson, who was running the post office (almost opposite Derby St), was also assessed on a hall (the old billiard room.)
2-7-1919. (Page 2, 7th item.) The property is described again as it is sold as part of the estate of the late S.D.Kinnear.
THE INVERNESS. (Melway 177 H11, intersection of flight path and Perimeter Rd.)
SEE SEPARATE JOURNAL ABOUT THE LAST DAYS OF THIS HOTEL AND ITS PENNY POLE WHICH FINISHED UP AS A STORY OF ITS WHOLE 111 YEAR HISTORY BEFORE IT CLOSED AT THE END OF 1964. I BET HENRY KENNEDY WAS FROM INVERNESS!
For the hotels between Oaklands Junction and the Lancefield turn off before Goonawarra, I am relying on memory.
Hang on, no I don't, now that I have my 2500 page, handwritten DHOTAMA. But I will have to type the text, which will take some time. However, I will attach the page on which I have plotted the locations of the Bulla hotels. The map also tells me where the Hillary drowning tragedy took place (as described in NAMES IN A LIST AIN'T MUCH GOOD.) See if you can work it out, ignoring the north-south mentioned at the inquest.