itellya on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
I never had great sporting ability, despite my father being named in Bunyip's football team of the era 1902-1940, but had reasonable success in cross country at University High, C Grade footy at Doutta Stars, cricket and football boundary umpiring. I was prompted to write this article as I enjoyed a coffee after a trip to Red Hill today to wander down Prossors Lane and to discover William Henry Blakeley's post office and bakery. Crackers Keenan was retelling his memories in sport on SEN 1116 and my memories started coming back. Hopefully some of my memories will be helpful for descendants of those I mention when they are writing the family history.
My chief memories of sport at Bank St, Ascot Vale (till the end of second term in grade 5) and Kensington Primary and Central School involved end to end footy. At Ascot Vale State School we had to "take something off our kicks" as Denis Cometti would say, so the footy wouldn't finish up in the caretaker's residence. At Kensington the footy was always going into the boys' toilet and shelter shed. After sport at Ormond Park, the boys would walk back up the hill along Lovers' Lane on the south side of Ormond Rd to find out why it had such a funny name. The Footscray (now Kensington) Road hill would provide a challenge of one's boyhood after sport at the South Ken. Flat, to ride a bike (or wobble more like it) all the way up to Derby St.
While we were living in North St, Ascot Vale, Peter O'Sullivan used to visit his girlfriend,((Rosemary Armstead?), who lived further up the street. Peter played for Essendon and were were thrilled when he joined in our end to end.
Dad barracked for South Melbourne and wanted to buy Swans' jumper for my brother and me. Mum said that she wasn't washing white jumpers so we ended up as Essendon supporters. Mum often took us into Dicky Reynold's newsagency on the south side of Puckle St, Moonee Ponds. The Thirds used to play the curtain raiser to the senior game and Les Pridham's grandmother, who used to sit near us in the grandstand, used to yell out "Lessie, you're blood's worth bottling!" every time he did something for the young bombers.It is well dcumented how the crowds used to swap ends each quarter with the great John Coleman but I also remember how he'd squat on his haunches in the goal square chewing P.K. and Juicy Fruit from the many packets thrown to him by adoring fans. I remember the spot at Windy Hill just south of the true centre half forward position at the Napier St end where he suffered the tragic knee injury. I remember him playing in the annual old boys' game against the school team but he couldn't even get off the ground; Hasting's Deadshot Jack was no more!
At Uni High, the sportsmaster was George Murray, who was captain-coach of Footscray Cricket Club for many years. In fifth form I made it to the seconds in cricket. We used to practice with the firsts and one day my hand was nearly broken when I fielded a drive hit by Graeme Beissel; it had travelled about 90 metres all the way along the ground and was still travelling at about ninety miles an hour. Graeme was equally good at football but retired from football after coming second in the Brownlow while playing for Essendon.
I boundary umpired for the Uni. High footy team while I was in form 5. They gave the Public Schools a lesson. Members of that team would have included Ron Carruthers (Collingwood), Terry Rodgers (Essendon), John Booth (Fitzroy) and Barry McAuliffe (North Melbourne). John Booth must have pulled off the worst kick in history when he missed from the goal square against Melbourne Grammar.
In the same year (1960), Holy Trinity started an under 16 cricket team in the Churches comp. Three of the grounds (at least)involved getting wet if you let the ball get past you for a four; they were Ormond Park, John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve and Lebanon Park (homes of Moonee Valley, Oak Park and Strathmore Football Clubs.)Fielding improved out of sight to avoid a wade in the muddy bottom of the Moonee Ponds Creek to retrieve the ball. Footballs would have often finished up in the creek too. One day we played at Lebanon Park. I thought it was strange to call an oval after a country, not knowing at the time that Lebanon was the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. from which John Murray Peck of Cobb&Co. fame had come. One of the Strathmore lads hit a six which hit the wall of a house, just inches from a window, on the other side of Mascoma St. The lady of the house came storming across the road threatening all sorts of retribution but to no effect because young Daryl Gerlach launched a never-ending stream of sixes in the same direction. Daryl was a star footballer for Essendon not too much later.
DARYL HASLEM was very much a part of our cricket team despite being born with a disability that claimed his life quite early. We played our first season at the South Ken. Flat, having mowed a pitch on the grass. The flat frequently flooded and on the Friday before a match, perhaps the first, we went down to see how the pitch was. To our dismay we found that the council was pumping the water away from a flooded area-right onto our pitch. What to do? Dazza solved the problem quickly , taking the end of the hose back to the flooded area. This reminds me of an incident in 1951 when Phillip Holden, my brother and I found an old bathtub dumped at the flat when it was severely flooded. The next morning we tried a bit of rowing before school, arriving there half an hour late and covered with mud. We were not congratulated for our endeavours at an Olympic sport! Talking of rowing, I wonder if the Aussie rower at the London Games with the surname of Booth is related to John Booth of Uni High who was an excellent rower as well as playing footy for Fitzroy.
In 1961, I started at Teachers' College and became a V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary umpire. Many of my games were in the Federal League but it was a thrill to do league thirds matches at Hawthorn, Collingwood etc. I used to do extra training at Royal Park with Lindsay Sullivan a senior V.F.L. boundary umpire and met many umpires on the senior list. Bobby Dumbrell was a fitness fanatic who could do sit ups and push ups for extra periods at extraordinary speed. Stan "Comfy" Tomlins was an ex V.F.L. footballer who could smoke a fag under the shower without getting it wet. Kevin Sleeth was a jovial fellow, not really a fitness freak like Bobby, but still had a great career with the V.F.L.
JACK POTTER was just one of the great sportsmen who graced the playing fields of University High School. I think I recall George Murray saying in an interview that Jack Potter was the best cricketer he ever coached at the school. Jack was several years ahead of me and had left school before I started but qualifies for these memoirs because of our joint involvement in umpiring. As a eighteen year old, to meet Jack had me in awe and despite our age difference we trained together and sat together at the meetings. Of course we had the connection of Uni High but we shared a passion for umpiring.
When I had a bye in umpiring, I used to have a game of footy with Flemington and Kensington Methodists which played at Debney's Paddock in Flemington. My brother and many of the lads I had been to school with or knew in other ways played for them. It must have been in 1962 that Jack joined the Reserve Grade list. I can't recall whether it was the first game of the season, in other words, Jack's first game, but it was certainly early in his career.
Flem. and Ken. Meths. played in a northern metropolitan churches comp. and Jack was appointed to their game, away, against Croxton Meths. Many of the early football teams, such as the two that merged to form the all conquering Tullamarine team of 1975-9, Essendon Baptists-St Johns and Ascot Vale Presbyterians (3 churches), were composed of members of congregations and it is likely that Ken Fraser and Ron Evans attended church parades with EBSJ players as 17 year olds before joining the Bombers. However the connection between church and club was decidedly looser in the case of Croxton Meths.
Now Jack had a great personality and, I believe, had every chance to rise quickly in umpiring ranks. Unfortunately many of the Croxton Meths. players had spent several hours in the pub before taking to the field. There had been several fiery episodes in the first half but the Croxton players came upon an alcohol fuelled strategy at half time; to thump an opponent each as soon as the ball was bounced. This happened and for the protection of the victims Jack was forced to call the game off. And as far as I know, that was the last game that Jack umpired. As sport fans would know, Jack was the captain of the Victorian cricket team for a great number of years, when the annual Boxing Day clashes with New South Wales featured most members of the Australian Test team.
As I lost about eight hours of typing last night and the Tulla and Red Hill journals are screaming, "What about me?", I am going to abandon the narrative for note form. To make sense of the chronology, I will briefly outline my residence and footy/umpiring involvement through the years and influences on my attitude to umpiring.
RESIDENCE. Ascot Vale 1943-September 1950; Kensington till 1964 with a brief break at Ballan; Castlemaine 1965-6; Maldon 1967; Flemington 1968- mid 1971; Tullamarine till recently.
FOOTBALL/ UMPIRING. V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary (U)1961-2; Essendon District Football League field (U) 1963-4; Bendigo Football League boundary (U) 1965-6; Maldon (F)1967; V.F.L. Reserve Grade field (U) 1968-9; V.F.L. field (U) 1970; E.D.F.L. field and boundary for most of 1971 ending with Ascot Vale Presbyterians playing at Tulla; Doutta Stars 1972-4 (F); 1975-6 Tullamarine (F); E.D.F.L. field and boundary (U) 1977- mid 1983; V.F.A. boundary till end of 1990; A.F.L. boundary umpires' observer with responsibility for V.F.L. list 1991-2.
INFLUENCES ON UMPIRING. When I started with other youngsters such as IAN ARTSO, attending lectures at Richmond Postal Institute under advisor Harry Clayton (whose son Ian was a V.F.L. umpire and star athlete over longer distances), and read my first rule book, one line seeped into the depths of my brain: "The spirit of the laws is to keep the ball in motion." Thus rule 14b (a player lying on or over the ball is deemed to be in possession) became central to my thinking. My spirit of the laws also included unspoken aims that the lawmakers had obviously had in mind, namely to promote spectacular aerial contests and hard physical contests that would not cause serious injury. Then there was one more aim that almost every footballer or fan would agree with:look after the player going for the ball.
From the start, I umpired with my voice rather than my whistle. "Don't hold or shepherd, eyes on the ball, run and jump" in ruck and marking contests, saying and meaning "get it out" when a player was tackled. Nobody wrestled like Wayne Carey and Gary Ablett. Bodywork in ruck and marking contests was legitimate. I would average four ball ups a game. I once did a game while on holidays in Rockhampton in 1978, because two of the four umpires were unavailable, the fellow who'd done the first game had left and the bloke doing the second game was almost out on his feet at half time. I raced home to grab some gear and got back in time for the third game.The players afterwards told me that they had not believe a game of footy could flow so freely and complained that they wouldn't be able to walk for a week.(Major Queensland towns had six teams, thus three games each week , all played on the same ground. They also had six Rugby League teams.)
Harry Beitzel started the rot for me when he limited V.F.L.umpires to a maximum of 50 free kicks a game. That meant that in the split second of decision time in the first minute of a game, when a tackle was laid, the umpire would think "Gee, if I pay this one, I'll have to do it all day" instead of did he have prior opportunity and is he REALLY trying to handball. He'd end up balling it up, thus creating packs. The next player would hatch the ball rather than giving it up as a loose ball, knowing he would not be penalised. Commentators praised such hatchers. The tacked player's team mates would not bother to get into position for a handball because there was no need to do so any more.
Apart from my desire to keep the ball moving, I also wanted to prevent serious injury and it concerned me that Carlton's Adrian Gallagher used to duck his head to evade tackles. The advisors instructed the umpires not to give him a free for around the neck but I went a step further, penalising a player who ducked and was tackled with fair intention and announcing, so every player would hear, that I would not allow players to deliberately put themselves in danger and cause opponents the emotional trauma that Essendon's Jim Carstairs suffered when he accidentally blinded Brian Johnson of North Melbourne.
When the two umpire system came in, I could not operate with most umpires as they were turning the beautiful game into the rugby described above. Imagine what a farce it would be: footy at one end and rugby at the other. It wouldn't lead to consistency of decisions and would be terrible for the players. Therefore, I lost ambition to get to the top as a field umpire and dropped down a level every time two umpire games were introduced.My new ambition was to have the captain of the losing side congratulate me after the game. Then I fell in love with the Under 16 competition. This was the last the E.D.F.L. saw of the really good players. I remember with fondness a game at Oak Park (captain, Andrew Coates) when a skinny little Anthony Rock was introduced to me as Hadfield's captain. When I walked onto the ground, there was a fellow with a video camera, Ian Coates, who with Billy Dellar had made me so welcome on the A.F.L. list in 1970. Sadly Ian already had the motor neuron disease that killed him but I was to run many V.F.A. games with Andrew.
Paul Chapman played Under 16footy with Blessed St Oliver Plunkett's (BOPS), now North Coburg Saints, in the 1980's. I remember a game at Tullamarine in which the crew-cut Paul took two screamers. Paul umpired at the same time in the Oak Park social league and used his experience to invent a new way to draw a free for around the neck, bending his knees to lower his very erect head. Now of course the Selwoods of this world simply raise their arms so the tackle slides up. How easily most umpires are sucked in!
One great influence on my umpiring came about in 1965-6 when I boundary umpired in the Bendigo League. It did not have its own umpires group so the field umpires such as my old mate Max Beer were sent by the V.F.L. and each club had two boundary umpires who did only home games. I trained at Castlemaine's Camp Reserve and knew the players well through this, travelling to away games, activities such as car trials (where I won but lost!), basketball and the social interaction that is a part of country towns. I didn't want to report my mates, so to be fair, I didn't want to report anyone. This meant that I had to develop a sixth sense so that incidents could be prevented. Much of this was the backward look a split second after the ball had been propelled down the ground (See John Knott.)
This sixth sense was best illustrated by an incident in the 1987 V.F.A 2nd Division Grand Final between Brunswick and Oakleigh. Steve Parsons, a key participant in the infamous Windy Hill bloodbath while playing for Richmond, was trundling the ball out of Brunswick's last line of defence only metres from the left hand boundary line with my attention being on the line and the ball which inevitably cross the line. When I signalled to the field umpire I noticed a strange look on Steve's face. I immediately stepped between Steve and the Oakleigh player to whom he was bound and settled him down. That night the videotape revealed the reason for his silent agitation, a punch in the guts.
Generally the game sucks at the moment. The ruck wrestling between Dempsey and Moore decades ago is still far too evident and the player who desperately dives on the ball IN ORDER TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT is treated like a criminal while his opponents who jump on his back, tackle him around the neck, push the ball back under him and basically do everything in their power to break the spirit of the laws (to keep the ball in motion) are rewarded with a free kick for holding the ball. Unless umpires are instructed to remove the death penalty for diving on the ball and to ensure he is tackled properly, a rule needs to be introduced that a player in possession on the ground may only be tackled by a player who remains on his feet. This would probably remove 50 per cent of ball ups. Cox and Buddy Franklin throw their opponent out of aerial contests (surely you firstly HOLD something to throw it!
SPORTSMEN I HAVE KNOWN.(Post 1962.)
LES KANE. Former Hawthorn full forward coaching Castlemaine in 1965.
DEREK COWAN. Succeeded Killer Kane as coach and twice won the Bendigo League B&F, the Mitchelsen Medal.
KEVIN DELMENICO. The Delmenicos were prominent and were probably another Swiss Italian family that pioneered the Yandoit/Franklinford/Hepburn area. Kevin played for Footscray.
ROBBIE THOMPSON. Robbie was a star rover who went to Essendon. I think he played for High School in basketball.
PETER HALL. Peter was a tall player, like Kevin, who went to Carlton. Victoria's Minister for Education looks remarkably like the handsome young bloke I knew.
IAN SARTORI. Ian was a speedy skilful magpie, who like Kevin was probably a descendant of Swiss-Italians. (See Franklinford journal re Sartori.)
ROBBIE ROSS. I'm fairly sure Robbie was No 23 for Castlemaine. He was the receiver for High School's quick breaks that made opposition sides attack with only four players. (See Tarz Plowman.)
DAVID BROAD. David, like Robbie, was playing for Castlemaine as a 17 year old and was also in the High School basketball team. After a game one night, he took me into a meeting of the Develop Castlemaine Committee, and with such an interest in community affairs as a teenager, it was not surprising that he became a Shire Secretary.
KEVIN SHEARN. Kevin who was a mate from teachers'college could kick a country mile and played for Golden Square and I think was the coach. He had played for Northcote.
BRYAN CLEMENTS. Bryan was another teacher college mate, a ruckman who had played for Fitzroy. I think he was playing coach of Eaglehawk.
GEOFF BRYCE. Geoff worked for the S.E.C. and started basketball in Castlemaine. I hope their stadium is named after him. Geoff was not really tall and had some fingers missing but his rebounding and ball control was first class. He obtained the use of the Drill hall for our second season.
JIM BERRY. Jim, a policeman, and I were Geoff's lieutenants in getting the basketball association up and running,the three of us refereeing with a novice while they mainly observed until they had grasped the rules and gained confidence. Three of the teams were The Rebels, Fosters United and High School. The first season we played outdoors at St Mary's and then we moved into the Drill Hall. The High School team was mainly made up of young Castlemaine footballers such as Robbie Ross and his brother, Possum.Jim Berry was killed in a road accident not long after I left the 'Maine.
KEN HOWARTH. Ken, known as Lanky, was obviously tall and I believe played for Fosters United, in the basketball. Like Jim Berry, he was later killed in a road accident.
GEORGE SKINNER. George Skinner and John Bassett were the much feared opening bowlers for Muckleford. George went down to Melbourne to play District cricket if my memory is correct.
JOHN BASSETT. John and his wicket keeping brother, Graeme, made Muckleford a powerful side. Sadly, Graeme is very ill.
CHARLIE OLIVER (STEPHEN)The funny thing is that I never met Charlie. He was a cricket and footy legend. He played cricket for North Castlemaine which played in B Grade while Guildford and Maldon, for which I played, were in A Grade. In footy he was probably playing for Harcourt, Campbell's Creek or Newstead if he wasn't retired. During the summer, I couldn't wait to get my Castlemaine Mail and see if Charlie had made another century. Sadly Charlie lost an arm in an accident. His son Stephen, (presently C.E.O.of the Bendigo League?), was chased by Carlton and played a handful of games but preferred the country life and coached the maggies for some time. That reminds me of two other stars in the area, Ron Best and Doug Cail, century kicking full forwards, the latter playing for Northern United.
IAN O'HALLORAN Ian was a lovely fellow whom I think I met through basketball but it could have been footy. He was a former Geelong player.
TARZ PLOWMAN. Tarz (short for Tarzan)was Kyneton's full forward and was built like Sorrento's Scott Cameron only on a larger (not taller) scale. Not matter how high Robbie Ross jumped' he couldn't spoil Plowman's marks because Tarz was about a metre from back to front. Yet he could develop considerable speed on the lead and dish off a handball quickly to a team mate running towards goal.
RAY McCUMBER. I have a feeling that Keiran Keogh played for Maldon but the player that I remember best was Ray McCumber. His magnificently timed drop kicks usually travelled at least 60 metres and I never saw him fluff one.
REX BEACH. Rex Beach was the Shire Secretary at Maldon and was the captain and a very good batsman for Maldon during my season there.
JACK IRVING. Roughnut was a former V.F.A. umpire with a considerable playing background, who had much success as a V.F.L. umpire. When I returned to the Reserve Grade in 1868, he was the adviser.
BRYAN QUIRK. When I gained promotion to Kensington State School in 1968, I was Bryan's Grade 5 co-ordinator. He was a young man from Morwell making his mark on the wing for Carlton. Peter Dunleavey, the Art and Craft teacher, came to me on the last day of term 2, the day before my marriage, and said that Quirky wanted to see me. Reluctantly I left the two grades I was teaching (about 72 grade 5's) because Maureen Ginifer was ill. Quirky wasn't in his room.Returning, I was just about to pass the sick bay when its door opened and I was dragged inside by a host of bodyless arms which proved to belong to Dunleavey, Quirky and one or two others. They tied me on the bed which I regarded as being superior to being stripped. After they'd left I'd almost done a Houdini when they returned and retied me.Soon after a child from Maureen's grade came up and I asked if I was in the sick room. Peter's reply was a classic: "Yes but he's tied up at the moment." Bryan and I enjoyed recalling this incident much later when he was coaching Oakleigh in the V.F.A. Bryan had been the coach of the footy and cricket teams until his jaw was broken but was content to leave this task in my hands after he was able to resume teaching.
LAURIE DWYER. This speedy, skilful North Melbourne winger often conducted footy clinics at our school. Twinkletoes used his ballroom dancing experience to evade opponents in the heat of battle. What a true gentleman Laurie was!
ALBERT SCHOLL. Albert was the longtime secretary of the Churches Cricket Comp. and when I was 17, he arranged for me to play with North Essendon Meths. whose base was the Cross Keys Reserve. Our fast bowler was Vic Bubniw who was later a ten pin bowling champion. Vic was so fast that little me acting as fine leg/longstop often had to stop the ball which had only bounced once(on the pitch) inches from the flags.
BOB CHALMERS.Albert's death caused great sadness but Bob Chalmers was to fill the void. He was not only a longtime secretary of the comp. but wrote its history and that of the Aberfeldie school. His work in recording the history of the Essendon area is extraordinary. He also gave great service to Sport as secretary of the Essendon and District School Sports Association.
ALAN NASH, ROSS SMITH. When I was promoted to the V.F.L. list Alan was the adviser. I remember him telling the umpires not to pay free kicks for kicking in danger when somebody (St Kilda's Brownlow Medal winner, Ross Smith, was given as an example) dived for the ball when an opponent had commenced to kick it off the ground.
BILL DELLAR, ANDREW COATES. Some umpires get big-headed when they reach the top but these two certainly didn't. They were welcoming to the most insignificant list novice such as me.
BILLY RYAN'S TWIN BROTHERS. A mark that Bill Ryan took in the 1st semi in 1968 is on the wrbsite called A.F.L. Greatest Marks. It is far from the best mark that Billy ever took; it would rank about 50th in the marks I saw him take. He was spectacular five or six times a match! He had twin brothers that played in the Mallee. One match that I had in the area was a bit fishy: Rainbow v Bream. They might have played for one of those teams, or perhaps Chinkapook. Anyway, I had one bloke pegged as best on ground by quarter time. He'd take a stratospheric mark at centre half back and pass to the wing, a few tackles, a hand pass, a blind turn, another tackle, a handpass, a pressured high kick to the goal square, and, blow me down, that high flier at C.H.B.has plucked another mark from the clouds 15 yards out. This had gone on for twenty minutes and I thought I'd better have a look at his number, not an easy thing for a fieldie if he's in the right position. He took a mark near the centre and I pretended to run the wrong way. At half time, the team sheets arrived and I said to the bloke from Superman's club, "That number ** is sure taking some speckies!" The team manager replied,"He's Billy Ryan's brother. So is number**; they're twins!" That solved the mystery but now I had a problem. They had already taken about fifteen marks each so I had to work out who was to get the three votes. If you think I'm exaggerating about their marking numbers, consider that brother Bill took 22 marks against Hawthorn in 1968.
GRAEME LEYDIN. Graeme Leydin had been a year or two ahead of me at Uni High and had probably played in the same team as Bobby Clark (Footscray) and Ron Evans (Essendon.)He had been a former pupil at Flemington State School and was teaching there when Bryan Quirk's jaw was broken and I was propelled into the job of coach of the Kensington State School footy team. I taught the boys how to tense themselves when bumping, how to lead with the shoulder rather than the head when entering a pack and to always back up team mates in case of an overcooked pass or an errant bounce. We walked to the quaint ground next to the Flem and Ken bowling club, practising moving the ball from one end of the ground to the other against the stopwatch and playing practice matches against North Melbourne Colts. We played Graeme's team in the first game and beat the nineteen goals to one. In congratulating my boys after the game, Graeme said that he had been confident that his boys could win the premiership. As it turned our neither of our teams did so. Moonee Ponds West had about six boys a foot taller than any of ours and the ball never got low enough for the Kensington boys to reach it.
Graeme and I would meet at every meeting of the Ascot Vale School Sport Association, of which I became the secretary. When I started at Doutta Stars, Graeme was the coach.
JOHN SOMERVILLE.Our Club song was often sung after the senior side's games but rarely after my C Grade team's games. The tune was that of the Theme of The Mickey Mouse Club (D.O.U. T.T.A. S.T.A.R.S.) One memorable day the whole club celebrated as if a premiership had been won. That was probably the day that former Essendon star, John Somerville kicked about five goals from outside 50 yards to obtain victory for the C Grade side. As one would assume it was his only game for my side.
RAY FAIRBAIRN. Itchy was a veteran when I arrived at Douttas but was still a very good defender. His family had a bit to do with areas of interest for me, having been pioneers near Ballan (using Fairbairn Park as a holding paddock) and at Mt Martha.
MARCHESI BROTHERS.These two were tallish players who took fine overhead marks and probably sons of the North Melbourne player of a decade or so before.
ALAN GRACO. Alan Graco was a former Essendon player and his grandfather was probably the grantee of a closer settlement farm at East Keilor between the future Western Ring Rd and Norwood Drive houses (inclusive). The family had previously lived in Broadmeadows Township(Westmeadows) until 1919. Ten year old Norman Graco had accidentally shot David George Cargill, the son of the township's much loved butcher, Robert Cargill on 4-10-1919. The family was shunned by the townsfolk so they moved away. (The late Jack Hoctor, Google CARGILL, GRACO on trove.)
BOBBY PARSONS.Bobby was a ruckman and later acted as a trainer for the Stars before taking up umpiring with the E.D.F.L. with some success.
TAMBO, NARRER. Tambo was a very good player for the senior side and Narrer, a thin ruckman for the C Grade side. Someone on finding out that I played for Douttas asked me if I knew (whatever Narrer's real name was). I eventually found out that this person was actually Narrer but I've forgotten his real name now. It's very rare that anyone is actually called by his real name at a footy club!
PETER OWEN. Peter struggled to get a game in the under 17's (I was told) but I have never seen such a complete footballer outside the V.F.L. His disposal on his non-preferred foot under extreme pressure was something to marvel at. He was captain-coach of Tulla's last two or three of their fivepeat and then coached Strathmore to a premiership in 1980.
ROBBIE EVANS. It never occurred to me but it is possible that Robbie was related to Ron Evans. Ron and Ken Fraser had been recruited from Essendon Baptists-St John's and formed the attacking part of Essendon's spine for many years. Robbie was a high marking forward for Tulla but at Coburg he was a star full back for many years.
PATTY POTTER. Patty wasn't a footballer but he was part of the fabric of a great Club. Thanks to Patty, Tulla was one of the first local clubs to have every game videotaped for the coach's review and for fans to view in the clubrooms.
RAY CAMPBELL. Ray wins my label of most determined player ever. Some (I never heard them)said that he wasn't an A Grade player but I'd be a rich man if I'd got a quid every time I saw him beat three A Grade opponents all on his own.
TED JENNINGS. Ted Jennings was the President of Tulla during its fivepeat (1975-79)and set the tone of sportsmanship for every player and fan. He acted as goal umpire for the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 11 side years earlier when they broke the ice at the Lancefield Rd (Melrose Drive) Reserve at 8:30 or some such ungodly hour on Saturday mornings with me on the boundary, Betty Davies yelling and Marty Allinson coaching.
RUSSELL PARKER. Russell, who ran a place in the Stawell Gift and organised the Tullamarine Gift, was a dedicated secretary and trainer for the Demons for a great number of years.I hope he has been given a life membership. He was a good player, who with his brother, Robbie McDonald etc came from Ascot Vale Pressies.
LEO DINEEN. Leo's grandfather was the teacher at Tullamarine (Coders Lane; S.S.2613) in the 1930's and Leo was an early suburbanite on the Triangular Estate. He started Little Aths.(as part of the Youth Club with his wife Shirley) and was involved in the formation of almost every sporting body in Tulla. He started the SONIC a monthly community rag that let all the fledgling community organisations gain support. The Spring St Reserve, and probably the merger of Tulla-Ascot Pressies and E.B.S.J. to form the Tullamarine Football Club, were largely due to Councillor Leo Dineen.
In about 1990, two years into my research, I requested Keilor Council to rename the Spring St Reserve as Leo Dineen Reserve but they replied that they did not name things after people who were still alive. However his son had read in my histories that I hoped this would happen, and after Leo's death, he approached me to support his move to resubmit my request. Luckily my "The Suburb of Tullamarine", produced for the 1998 Back to Tullamarine had much material from Leo detailing how the Commomwealth had paid most of the cost of Broady, Sharps and Lancefield Rds and so on. I had researched Leo's negotiating skill that had solved Tullamarine's Battle of the Halls in old Progress Association minutes. With such evidence of Leo's great contribution to Tullamarine and Keilor Council, how could Hume Council refuse his son's request?
LINNY WESTCOMBE, BRENDAN SMITH. Linny and his brother (Rod?)played for Glenroy and Brendan Smith played for West Coburg. They both had short fuses and my sixth sense, developed at Castlemaine needed to be on full power when I did the boundary in their games. They were both great players.
CAN I HAVE MY FOOTY BACK UMPY? The mention of Glenroy has refreshed a funny game I did at the oval near the Oak Park Swimming Pool. Glenroy U.18's played their home games there because there were too many teams to fit on Sewell Reserve. This was before the freeway and there used to be a procession of trucks up Pascoe Vale Rd. The match ball very soon found its way onto Pakka Rd and went off with a wonderful bang. The spare ball met the same fate not too long after. The closest description of the atmosphere would have to be the current Mars Bar Advertisement when the mountaineer compares the brakeless train's woes in the frozen mountainous wastes with his experience on Mt Everest but says to a nearby youth: "But you have a Mars Bar son!" The difference in this situation was that the lad was a 10 year old with a full size football. He yielded to his "responsibility" but held his breath every time the ball went a few metres east of the goal to goal line!
(JOHN?) KNOTT, RICKY McLEAN.I think his name was John, but I'm not sure. He was one of the best field umpires I saw while boundary umpiring. He had great control and was onto behind the play stuff. Once we had Ascot Vale at the Walter St Reserve. Ascot Vale was a really historic club and had celebrated its centenary before it was booted out of the E.D.F.L. Their ground was used for umpire training, tribunal hearings and grand finals during my time.
After his V.F.L. career, Ricky McLean had gone to Ascot Vale , joining one or two brothers there. In this particular game Ricky McLean had used his strength and skill to gain possession and kick it, under pressure,60 metres down the ground where it was about to be a certain mark to an Ascot Vale forward, when the whistle blew. Ricky had a go at the opponent that had legitimately bumped him as he kicked and Knotty paid the free kick to the opponent. From then on, Ricky was an angel.
I had been told that Knotty had coached Yarraville to a premiership and when I entered Knott, Yarraville on trove, I discovered that the Knotts were a fairly old Yarraville family, a brother in law of Joseph Knott having drowned in 1919, a member of the family having transferred from Footscray to Yarraville in 1928 etc.
Postscript. Knotty's name was John, he replaced the leading goalkicker as Yarraville's spearhead in 1963 and became umpires' adviser of the Western Suburbs League for seasons 1981-2. (google.)
BARRY HARRISON RICHARD VANDERLOO ANDY CARRICK. Richard Vanderloo was the son of a Glenroy man awarded an O.B.E. (or O.A.M.?)for his services to the Glenroy community. I think Richard was a Pro runner and he had a beautiful running style. He and I did the boundary in the interstate game against(Norwood, S.A.)and A Grade grand final in 1981 but in the first game or so of the 1982 season, the adviser, Barry Harrison, told us both that we were far and away the best boundaries but he was starting a youth policy and we would not be getting the top job again. I was disappointed but he had a point because I was about 39. Barry was later a V.F.A. observer (See Ronny Chapman.) In 1982, to keep my morale up, I set myself a challenge, to run to suburbs alphabetically. Somehow or other, this scheme found its way into V.F.A.folklore and I blame Andy Carrick. I think I remember Andy coming over to the V.F.A. for a while. As well as running alphabetical suburbs (Kew for Q because Queenscliff was a bit far), I used to do hill climbs (10X Afton St etc)in preference to swallowing rubberised bitumen at Aberfeldie Park. One night I talked Andy into doing the Gaffney St hill ten times. We only did it once and he said he'd never do another road run with me unless I carried a cab fare.
JACK HARRIS. Jack was the E.D.F.L. Administrator. Barry Harrison decided to devote a meeting night in about May to goal setting. Umpires were challenged to achieve the highest possible goals. David Richmond, a colleague at Gladstone Park Primary was umpiring with the V.F.A.and I had intended to have a run with him at Royal Park. I went a few days after the motivational meeting but found they'd left the rooms. I caught them and as I made my way through the group looking for Dave, I was impressed with the atmosphere of comradeship that was so evident. Arriving back at the rooms, I met the Adviser, Jim Chapman, the equally little bugger I could never beat around Albert Park Lake.
TERRY WHEELER.DANNY DEL-RE. After a handful of games in the Panton Hills League, and some seconds games, glowing reports from observers such as Billy McWilliams saw me appointed to a Yarraville game in the last home and away round of 1983, not bad for a 40 year old recruit. I had to report a Yarraville player, the last V.F.A.umpire to do so as it was the club's last game. The next year I became a regular on the first division panel and as a Williamstown supporter in the glorious 1950's, looked forward to doing a Willy game. Despite my reluctance to report players, Danny Del-Re was a naughty youngster and I had to do my duty. Terry Wheeler defended Danny to no avail but I became a fan of his that night. His pre-game whispered instructions (audible through the thin umpires' room wall)were just so logical and measured, just like his defence of Danny at the tribunal. When Terry coached Footscray, I became a doggies fan. I think Terry had respect for my efforts as a boundary umpire as well because of comments I heard him make to his assistants.
PHIL CLEARY. He was a cheeky little mongrel. This incident would never happen today because umpires are required to stay detached from scuffles. But as you know by now, I wanted to prevent reports not make them. Terry Wheeler and Phil were wrestling on the ground and I crouched down, practically kneeling so they could see and hear me, and told them to cut it out. Cheerfully Phil, who was on top, agreed and carefully placing his hand on Terry's face, he stood up. I think Terry was laughing too hard to seek retribution.
KENNY MANSFIELD. I should have reported Kenny but I was laughing too hard. I don't know whether it was Phil's idea or just popped into Kenny's mind at that instant. Two tactics that I would never tolerate as a fieldie were very common in the V.F.A. and V.F.L. in the 1980's. The most serious one was the swinging tackle with a closed fist, such as the one that lit Steve Parson's fuse in the 1987 Grand Final. The other tactic was to stand over an opponent who had been awarded a mark or free and was on the ground. The opponent had to walk backwards, doubled over, to get out from between the legs of the man on the mark.
Kenny didn't back out and did not stay doubled over, he just stood up, with his neck and shoulders hoisting the "groinal area" (as the SEN1116 boys call it)of his opponent, and not really gently either. I really should have reported Kenny for misconduct but I'm glad I didn't because that was the last time I ever saw the Stand Over tactic used in any competition.
MARTY ALLISON CAREY HALL. Marty Allison coached the under 10 boys, who became under 12's with much success. The boys then moved up to the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 13's, with Geoff Chivell as coach. Three of the very good players at the time were Bryan Allison, Carey Hall and Ian Scown. Bryan had a long distinguished career with Coburg. Carey Hall became a champion cyclist and married Kathy Watt. Ian Scown had talent to burn and was able to evade opponents with clever weaving and sheer speed but thought he'd get away with it forever. In the school team nobody was allowed to bounce the ball unless a team mate had told him to; if this rule had applied elsewhere, Ian would have played in the V.F.L. Instead he gave the game away in the under 16's when opponents (now catching up in maturity) managed to chase him down.
RINO PRETTO AND BUTCH LITCHFIELD.The V.F.A. game that gave me the greatest enjoyment was a second division game between Oakleigh and Sunshine at Oakleigh. Rino kicked 10 goals for the Oaks and Butch kicked 10 for Sunshine. Sometimes numbers of goals kicked can seem better than what they really are. Such as when an unopposed player is running towards goal and the full back has the no-win situation of deciding whether to just let him kick the goal or to try to put him off and see a handpass lobbed to the full forward.
The game was a non-stop series of fierce man on man contests with hardly an uncontested possession any where. There were no players 30 metres away from an opponent as we see in many games today and the only way a player would be set free would be as the result of a great handpass or shepherd. The leading and footpassing was superb all over the ground but the passes to the full forwards were so clever. A lightning quick lead would be acknowledged with a grass cutter that required a dive forward,Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead whose making a spoil impossible. Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead, whose opponent had taken front position and would be held out of the drop zone by legitimate bodywork . Don't ask me who won. When football is played so beautifully and you are part of the game, what do scores matter.
JOHN SUMMERS, DOUG GOWER. As mentioned before there was tremendous friendship between everyone on the V.F.A. list. At training, people preferred to run with people who would help them gain maximum fitness and with whom they had a special bond. I made the finals panel in my first full season and was in it till my last season, 1990, when I received the token appointment of emergency boundary for the grand final. And when the sun and new- mown grass announced the start of the finals, I didn't need to find new training partners; the three amigos were all in the finals panel again. John and Doug ran many First Division grand finals. Johnny knew every player and every player knew him.
RICHARD LESLIE. Richard Leslie and Richard Vanderloo were the most stylish boundary umpires I ever saw. Both seemed to float across the ground. Richard Leslie had a fine A.F.L. career.
RON CHAPMAN. Ronny Chapman must have been one of the earliest triathletes (or perhaps he did biathlons, that is, running and cycling.) One day he turned up for training after a fall from his bike and looking at his lacerated skin nearly made me faint. I often did road runs with him when the hockey ground was too sloppy to run on but used to leave plenty of room between us or I would have finished up with cracked ribs as Ron's arm swing had his elbows always 30 centimetres from his body.
Ron's mother must have forgotten to wash his mouth out with soap when he was young, if you know what I mean. Ron and I were to run together one day and someone on the panel knew that Barry Harrison was observing. Barry had a passionate dislike, swearing, and some of the panel, who knew about this warned Chappie to watch his tongue. Did he? Not @$%^&*$% likely! Barry went red!
STEVE DONOHUE. Having umpired the 1985 and 1987 V.F.A.versus V.A.F.A.games and 2nd Division grand finals, I decided that I had achieved all I could have visualised at Barry Harrison's motivation night and it was time for this 44 year old to retire. Part of the reason was that the V.F.L. was going to take over the V.F.A. and call it the Victorian State Football League.
I went back to the E.D.F.L. and did the first practice match at Strathmore. They hadn't even bothered to mark the lines properly and I was disgusted with the lack of the professionalism I had known in the V.F.A. So I pushed to the back of my mind the thought of the V.F.A. haters gloating over their revenge for Footscray's defeat of Essendon in the 1924 charity match and the defections of Ron Todd, Bob Pratt, Laurie Nash, Des Fothergill, Soapy Valence etc to the V.F.A.
Steve Donohue was the boundary umpire adviser for what was called the Development Squad, which was made up of promising youngsters from local leagues and some V.F.A. umpires who had remained. I think there was only one division now, and Steve told me that I'd have to start at the bottom and work my way up. It didn't take long until Steve was ringing Bill Dellar and telling him that there was a new boundary on the senior panel. When Steve answered Bill's query about how old he was, Bill spluttered, "Forty four, that's too old to be a goal umpire!"
BILL SUTTON. Bill was the boundary adviser for the V.F.L./A.F.L. Confusing isn't it? The V.F.A. became the V.F.L. and the V.F.L. became the A.F.L. How are footy historians going to explain what V.F.L.means when talking about the number of games played by a footballer in the last quarter of the 20th century. Was Barry Round a V.F.L, V.F.A. V.F.L. player? Bill was a top official in the professional running game.
At the end of the 1990 season, Steve Donohue, who obviously had respect for my dedication as a boundary umpire, since he made me the emergency in the Grand Final, asked me if I would help him as an observer. He had already used me as a mentor for youngsters such as Richard Leslie's brother, Sam.
Luckily there were several grounds near Tullamarine, such as Coburg, Preston and Brunswick, most of my observing being done at Coburg but Frankston and Preston were the best grounds for a good view. I would observe the last half of the reserves and the whole senior game. After a while Steve saw that I was capable of looking after the V.F.A. (that's what I still call it!) and he could help Bill with the senior boundaries.
ADAM McDONALD. There was one boundary that looked older than he probably was but the first time I saw him, I gave him my maximum rating of ten. And that happened every other time I saw him. A rating of 8.5 would probably get you onto the finals panel. I'd submit my finals panel at a meeting in early August and then we'd have another meeting early in our grand final week. "Are you sure?" asked Bill, Steve and Laurie Pope when I told them that I had nominated Adam McDonald for a grand final spot. I told them exactly why I was sure and Adam was in.
RABBIT FOOD.I quite like salad but after a long day,but you need something a bit more filling at 8p.m. The A.F.L. was so lousy that we struggled to get sandwiches or pies for our meetings, and don't forget that the travelling to observe was done at my own expense.We got a ticket to the grand final but there was no reserved seat so you had to get there at 9 a.m. and ask somebody to mind your seat while you went to the toilet.
I resigned after the 1992 season. I often wondered what had happened to that young fellow I had gone to bat for when others doubted his ability. The trouble was that I couldn't remember his name. Much later (2011) it popped into my head and I googled AFL, McDONALD. Well done, Adam!
DO SURNAME LIST AGAIN SO ALL NAMES GO IN. PROOF READ.
What do you mean by "That's not good Grammar,"; I bet you wouldn't say that to Granpa! Sorry, my attempts at humour take control at times.
I strive to provide some sort of detail for family historians but when I wrote FOOTBALL NEAR TULLAMARINE, I knew nothing about some of those who attended the 1915 meeting, namely Islip, Fitzgerald, Hillary and Campbell. I had seen the first and last names and Bob Blackwell told me something about Felix Fitzgerald 22 years ago but my mind was blank.
ISLIP. Christopher Islip attended the Broadmeadows Court in 1908 to apply for an old age pension on behalf of James Waylett of Oaklands, who was 95 and couldn't leave his room. Constable Walsh (who would have been stationed at Broadmeadows Township but covered Bulla) stated that Waylett was an old and respected resident who had been a gardener at Oaklands since 1852.(Sunbury News 12-6-1908, page 3.)
C.W.Islip did contract work, probably road making or supplying road metal, for the shire and the final payment on one contract was nearly 26 pounds, which was a lot of money.(Sunbury News 24-10-1903 page 4.)
Mr Islip was one of a large group at the Bulla Shire meeting who were opposing the appointment of a ranger in the east riding. They wanted their cows to continue grazing on the roadside. (This was a common practice and Symonds wrote about certain roads being called Pender's Run for this reason.) Islip must have lived near the Oaklands Rd corner because Cr Brannigan would have turned off Bulla Rd there to go to St Johns Hill. Brannigan said that Islip's cows camping at the corner posed danger on dark nights. (Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter, 22-1-1914, page 5.)
Ethel, the second daughter of Mr C.W. and Mrs Islip married Leonard P.Schiffman of Port Melbourne at St Mary's Bulla on 4-12-1911. (The Argus, 27-11-2911, page 1.) Ethel's older sister was Ivy, who attended the Bachelors' Ball in 1909 and was accompanied the next year by Ethel.Ivy won the under 14 girls' race at the 1907 school picnic, with 1908 seemingly her last year at the school. Oaklands Hunt reports indicate that the Islips, Fitzgeralds and Campbells lived near each other.
Thanks to Neil Mansfield, I can now access the information in my DHOTAMA (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.) This reveals that in 1882-3, Joseph and Chistopher had land at Oaklands Junction with nett annual values of 6 pounds and 10 pounds respectively. In 1914-5, L.J.Islip was leasing 46 acres from W.J.White. (Bulla Rates.)
FITZGERALD. The land on which the Islips, Fitgeralds and Camerons etc had their small farms was formerly the town common as shown in the map on Kathleen Fanning's website. I obtained a different version of the parish map from P.R.O.V.It shows three Fitzgerald's blocks and indicates that the common was subdivided by 1870. I do remember the late Bob Blackwell pointing out a brick well dome that William Bedford had built for Felix Fitzgerald but I can't remember whether it was in Oaklands or Somerton Rd.A block in Oaklands Rd started 84 metres north of the Cemetery Lane corner and adjoined a Campbell block which fronted the westernmost point of the curve. Two adjoining blocks were in Somerton Rd between points 458 metres westof Oaklands Rd and and 108 metres east of Blackwell's Lane.The first block was bought in 1874 and the other two in 1876 and 1880. The Ralstons ran a creamery near the Fitzgerald blocks and Bob Blackwell said that Mrs Ralston was a hard taskmaster. Apparently some of them had deserted from ships. When one of them pointed out that the Gilligans' workers, on the north side of Somerton Rd (Greenvale Lane), had knocked off, she replied, "Don't worry, they might have finished earlier, but you will start earlier than they do in the morning!"
So far I have seen about six Oaklands Hunt reports of pursuits across Fitzgerald farms, in one case two Fitzgerald farms.
R.Fitzgerald later bought 40 acres on Oaklands Rd at 12 pounds per acre.(Argus, 30-9-1920, page 10.)
Mrs Fitzgerald, wife of a farmer of Oaklands Rd Bulla, was talking to her husband, who was loading a dray with hay when a truss of hay fell on top of her, fracturing her thigh.(Argus, 23-5-1895, page 7.)
R.Fitzgerald was in Bulla's best when they played a combined Greenvale-Broadmeadows football team. (Sunbury News, 27-5-1905, page 2.) J.Hillary, mentioned later, was also among the best players.
James Gerald Fitzgerald, the second son of the late Mr and Mrs R.Fitzgerald formerly of Oaklands Junction, married Elizabeth Theresa, the only daughter of the late Mr W.P. Fanning and Mrs J Fanning of Sunny Side, at St Patrick's Cathedral yesterday. (Argus, 28-3-1952, page 6.) Google "bulla parish map" and you will find Kathleen Fanning's FANNING FAMILY HISTORY first up.
CAMPBELL. Wise's directory of 1884-5 lists Duncan Campbell, farmer, as a resident of Oaklands Junction. Archibald Campbell was assessed on 10 acres in the Oaklands and Green Gully subdivision of Bulla Shire in 1914-1915.Archie used to work at James Musgrove's implement factory (177 K5) but his boss would never call him Archie, as James regarded shortened versions of names as being disrespectful, according to Bob Blackwell.Buried in the Presbyterian section of the Bulla Cemetery are: Duncan Campbell (died 24-10-1908 at 76; Mary Campbell (died 10-9-1875 at 36); Marion Campbell (d. 24-1-1959 at 84)- all in row 1; Mary Elizabeth Campbell (d. 6-10-1937 at 69-row 6); Archibald Campbell (d. 18-4-1940 at 69 - row 7.) (DHOTAMA page C.19.) The above cemetery information was transcribed from (often- broken)headstones circa 1889 and fatigue may have caused an error. Neil Mansfield and John Shorten have produced a wonderful register of burials at the cemetery. Entry 279 is Mary Isabella Campbell; I wrote Mary Elizabeth. The register indicates that Duncan married Mary, the daughter (born in Scotland) of Duncan Cameron and Marion (nee McConichie.) Duncan's parents were Alexander and Mary (Gilchrist.) Marion (1867),Mary Isabella (1868) and Archibald ( 1870) were Duncan and Mary Campbell's children.
I had recorded two trove entries that I assumed were related to the Oaklands Junction Campbells; it did puzzle me how they could have thousands of sheep grazing on a tiny paddock! I will preface these entries with information from pages 15, 27 and 100 of Harry Peck's "Memoirs of a Stockman" that I have detailed on page C.19 of DHOTAMA.
Six Campbell brothers were early settlers in the Sunbury-Gisborne area. Hugh and John fattened sheep at Riddell's Creek and Dugald and Nichol at Traralgon Park. Incidentally the latter pair was probably on land first grazed and named by the Hobsons, subject of another journal.
(Argus 27-12-1893, page 6.) H. and J. Campbell of Bulla had sold 4700 wethers which had been delivered to "The Meadows" near Cobar.
(Argus 23-7-1891, page 1.) Mary Stewart Campbell, 11 years 9 months, daughter of John and Mary Campbell, died on the 2nd at Bulla Bulla Station, Cobar, New South Wales.
These Campbells were obviously not related to Duncan, Archie etc. It is likely that they were squatters west of Konagaderra Rd and that they called their run Bulla Bulla. The parish of Bulla Bulla adjoins the parish of Bolinda and it is possible that Hugh and John's run straddled the parish boundary. If they were there when Governor Bourke visited John Aitken at Mt Aitken, the Gov. might have heard the name and suggested that Hoddle use it for the land north of Tullamarine parish. Clarke's Special Survey probably took their run. If you google "Bulla parish map" and click on the first site (Kathleen Fanning's)you will see Bolinda Parish and Clarke's land (probably a pre-emptive right)that became Brannigan's "St John's Hill". I do not intend to investigate my suspicion that Hugh and John Campbell were the originators of the name "Bulla Bulla" at this stage. The words supposedly mean elbow or reclining on the elbow (rather than TWO HILLS as Symonds stated) according to a Donald
McDonald nature column in the Argus. (Although, if one reclined on an elbow, one cheek and feet, the trunk and knees would resemble two hills!)
HILLARY. John Thomas Hillary died at his residence, Bulla, aged 64 on October 15. He was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Hillary and brother of Hannah. (The Argus 16-10-1946, page 19.) What about Bridget?
John was was one of Bulla's best in the footy game against Greenvale- Broadmeadows, as mentioned earlier.
(Sunbury News, 22 and 23-10-1910 etc.)
Martin Lawlor, J.M.Hillary, and Patrick Honan were neighbours near a closed north-south road that led to a creek. Lawlor saw Honan opening Hillary's fence.Hillary had a lease on the closed road and had installed a swing gates but as this had been taken off the hinges, he had replaced the gate with fencing. This had caused trouble for Honan in regard to his children getting to school and watering his cows at the creek.
The closed road may have been Quartz St which still exists or Felspar St which was shown on a Bulla Parish map (including township streets and blocks)that I gave to the Hume Library System. The closed road, which ran from Mica St to the common, had a gate at the south end and the north end ran into the creek.It could have been a portion of Trap St north of the Deep Creek crossing.(My kingdom for that map!)
Incidentally, Quartz, Mica and Felspar Streets were so- named because of the rare white Kaolin Clay which was mined for some time. Trap St may have been named because of the gold-escort troopers stationed nearby before they were relocated to Keilor, Trap being the diggers' term for a trooper.
I CAN KEEP MY KINGDOM. Maps and text in DHOTAMA (H 56 for Hillary and H 86 for Honan)show the following. Felspar st is the present main road that went downhill to the creek with William Bethell's bluestone store on the left. I always wondered why there was a coffee palace in Trap St. This would have to be because it was intended to be the main street, crossing the creek. Quartz St ran north to where the public section ends (177 A5)and then ran westward along the middle of the horseshoe bend.T.Hillary was granted lots 5 and 6 of section 2 of this western extension and in 1914-5, J. Hillary was assessed on this land. T.Hillary was also granted lot 1 of section 3 bounded on the south by Mica St(almost the course of Sunbury Rd as it climbs towards the west just over the bridge) and on the west by that northern extension of Trap St. The Honans were south of Mica St on lots 1 and 2 of section 6 leased from Slattery. Lawlor had a good vantage point to see Honan interfering with Hillary's fence because his land fronted the north east side of Sunbury Rd(176 J5, part K 5 and 6.) Hillary had probably fenced the northern part of Trap St off right at the Mica St corner and the present start of Sunbury Rd at Troopers Bend may not have been made (with the resultant discovery of gold rush skeletons). Why this would require Honan, and his children, to go around the north (uphill) side of Hillary's land is hard to understand. Perhaps he had also bought a block south of Mica St (which is slightly south of the present road)and blocked that street too. I can't be sure but I believe that the Bulla State School was still on the north side of the east end of Mica St (177 A6.)
Too many things don't make sense but next time you cross the bridge and start to climb, visualise Honan on your left, and on your right, Hillary, with Lawlor (the witness)up near the Loemans Rd roundabout.
OUCH! Mrs Hillary of Bulla suffered a compound fracture when one of her fingers was caught in the cog-wheel of a wool press. (Sunbury News, 13-10-1900, page 2.)
TRAGEDY . Mrs Thomas Hillary and her daughter were both drowned while bathing in Deep Creek.
(South Australia Register, 5-2-1895, page 8.)
(Sunbury News and Bulla and Melton Advertiser, 9-2-1895, page 3.)
At 3p.m. Mrs Hillary and 11 year old Mary Lawlor went to Deep Creek to bathe just below Mrs Scannell's house . After half an hour they were joined by Mrs Hilary's two daughters, Hannah and 9 year old Bridget Annie. The latter got out of her depth and Hannah also got into trouble trying to help her, and when their mother went to her aid, she and Bridget both disappeared in the water.Mary Lawlor ran to Scannell's but Mr Scannell was not home so Miss Scannell ran 300 yards to the Lawlor house. Mr Lawlor and his son, Daniel, got Mrs Hillary's body to the bank and rescued Hannah from neck-deep water. Daniel then dived and found Bridget Annie's body which James Cahill of Sunbury helped him remove from the water. Several neighbours and state school teacher, Mr Meeking, attempted resuscitation but in vain. John ,12, and Hannah,10, are now motherless. Mr Hillary is in the employ of the Shire as a roadsman.
WHERE WAS SCANNELL'S HOUSE?
I happened to notice that a large proportion of the surname list for the ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK journal had disappeared. The missing surnames are listed here and in this surnames list so I can check that none disappear from this surname list too.
HIGGINS, WILLIAMS, MCFARLANE, STEWART, FAIRBAIRN, MORGAN, MACKINTOSH, MOORE, KAWKA, BARLOW, SMITH, STRONGMAN, JACKSON, GILLESPIE, COOK, MURDOCH, ABRAHAMS, MCKENZIE, ANDERSON, BURCHETT, RAWSTHORN, DAVEY, WILLMAN, DREW, DIXON, BREEZE, FLEMING, BLOOMFIELD, BULLEN, BRUNTON, LEITH, MCCULLY, CURRIE, TAYLOR, FENTON, COLE, MCDOUGALL, POMEROY, CLARK, CAMERON, BUCHANAN, TURNER, PUCKLE, RILEY, WREN, NATHAN, (46 SURNAMES)
The same thing happened here so I will break this into part 1 and part 2.
Part 1 will contain a surnames list for the first 24 surnames (Higgins to Drew) above.
I happened to notice that a large proportion of the surname list for the ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK journal had disappeared. The missing surnames are listed here and in this surnames list so I can check that none disappear from this surname list too.
HIGGINS, WILLIAMS, MCFARLANE, STEWART, FAIRBAIRN, MORGAN, MACKINTOSH, MOORE, KAWKA, BARLOW, SMITH, STRONGMAN, JACKSON, GILLESPIE, COOK, MURDOCH, ABRAHAMS, MCKENZIE, ANDERSON, BURCHETT, RAWSTHORN, DAVEY, WILLMAN, DREW,
DIXON, BREEZE, FLEMING, BLOOMFIELD, BULLEN, BRUNTON, LEITH, MCCULLY, CURRIE, TAYLOR, FENTON, COLE, MCDOUGALL, POMEROY, CLARK, CAMERON, BUCHANAN, TURNER, PUCKLE, RILEY, WREN, NATHAN, (46 SURNAMES)
The same thing happened here so I will break this into part 1 and part 2.
Part 1 will contain a surnames list for the first 24 surnames (Higgins to Drew) above.
This journal (part 2)is to place ( and hopefully keep)the following surnames in the surnames list:DIXON, BREEZE, FLEMING, BLOOMFIELD, BULLEN, BRUNTON, LEITH, MCCULLY, CURRIE, TAYLOR, FENTON, COLE, MCDOUGALL, POMEROY, CLARK, CAMERON, BUCHANAN, TURNER, PUCKLE, RILEY, WREN, NATHAN,(22 names.)
These two men have been mentioned before in my journals but I wish to pay tribute to their dedication to our history and willingness to take on huge projects. John accomplished the huge task of scanning and digitising the 2500 handwritten pages of "Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around" and Neil wrote the 600+ page "The David Mansfield Story", while at the same time working together to improve the records for Bulla Cemetery. As I found myself when transcribing some grave inscriptions there, their job would have been difficult, as it would be at many cemeteries, because of the senseless vandalism that had taken place. Our little triangle is still in place with John recently sending DHOTAMA to Neil. Rosebud must be a little harder for Australia Post to find but I am expecting my copy today.
Neil has recently finished detailed records for the Briagalon and Bulla Cemeteries.See details below.
Thanks for the correction - I've just made the alterations. This is one good thing about making this public - I have other people helping me to find the mistakes. My mind goes blank after a while and I can't see errors whilst looking straight at them.
Bulla cemetery is now on-line - see it at:
Milleara Rd was still called North Pole Road until the 1940's. This name came about because of the West Melbourne Swamp. Eventually a road, called Swamp Road in directories, passed through this area; it was renamed Dynon Rd. In the squatting era, travellers from Melbourne wishing to cross the Saltwater River used to head up Flemington Hill and, continuing to the future site of Pitches' hotel and St John's church,turn left into Braybrook Road (Buckley St.) This led to Solomons Ford (at the western end of Canning St- WRONG-SEE COMMENT 1.)and having crossed there, they could head toward Geelong (as George Russell of Golf Hill would) or west (as John Aitken of Mt Aitken would.) Solomons ford was so-named because the Solomons held land on both sides of the river.John Aitken was the grantee of Section 8, Doutta Galla (where the river makes its closest approach to Buckley St), and probably used it as a holding paddock where sheep being driven to market in Melbourne could regain condition.
As this was a busy route, the Braybrook Township was declared in 1850. As with most townships, it straddled the stream, being located in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw. Due to Raleigh's Punt (1850), Lynch's Punts and Brees' bridge at Keilor(1854), traffic on this route fell dramatically and North Braybrook Township was occupied by small farmers, such as Clancy, who were being bullied by Thomas Derham of the Braybrook (Tottenham)Hotel in 1869.
A directory covering the Cut Cut Paw area, perhaps Braybrook Junction (Sunshine)mentioned a road called Pole Rd; this was probably Duke St. This leads me to believe there were poles on the north and south sides of Solomons ford to indicate its location.
EXTRACTS FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA".
BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Buckley St. west of the railway line used to be called Braybrook Rd. until 1878. This was because early travellers to Geelong had to bypass the West Melbourne swamp and would go along Buckley St. and once over Spring Gully take a beeline to the west end of Canning St. where Solomons Ford was located. John Aitken would have been one of the first to use this route regularly; once across, he followed the Kororoit Creek to Mt. Aitken. When township reserves were being declared, the rudimentary Keilor bridge, the next common crossing, was being washed away just about every time it rained and Raleigh hadn’t started his punt so the ford seemed a pretty good place for a township.
A map of the township found on P.32 of SOLOMON’S FORD by V.J.Jones shows the township in 1869. The part south of the river was bounded by Duke St., Ballarat Rd., and Ashley St. The junction of Alexander and Glenside Sts. was the township’s north eastern corner.
Some have claimed that the later ford at the end of North Rd was the Solomon’s Ford about which George Russell wrote in reference to his original 1836 route to his “Golf Hill” reached via Geelong. It is funny that no mention was made of other nearby fords in 1879. Portion of Michael Clancy’s evidence at the enquiry into closed roads follows and Clancy’s grants are outlined on the Township map. I believe Valentine Jones’ version of where Solomon’s Ford was located!
Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy’s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim’s crops. Derham had Clancy’s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.
(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine,
south of McIntyre’s “Riversdale”.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKenna’s closer settlement farm.
18 D. NORTH POLE FARM. South of Keilor Rd., lot D was bounded by Webber Pde., roughly Woorigoleen Dr. and North Pole (Milleara) Road. Consisting of 180 ¾ acres, it was granted to Joseph Hall. It was sold to John Corcoran in 1864. Lot D was called North Pole Farm; it is unknown whether the road or the farm had the name first. Peter Somerville believes that North Pole Road got its name because of the icy winds that blew up it but my memory tells me that there was a Pole Road in the Footscray directory.
If this is correct, there may have been a pole in the 1840’s to indicate the location of Solomons Ford (west of Canning St Avondale Heights), with the approach from Geelong called Pole Rd and that from Mt Macedon (Keilor) Rd called North Pole Rd.
Keilor’s 1868 rates show that John Corcoran had 183 acres. The extra 2 acres resulted from a mistake perpetuated since at least 1859, when 18D and the North Pole Inn was advertised for sale. It was probably Corcoran who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm.
On 6-6-1850, Joseph Hall sold 18 D to James Laverty for the remarkably low price of L198/16/6 (M 845). About four years later Springfield, only 5/6 the size of 18D, sold for 7000 pounds (15 593). Why?
The gold rush had started. Also Brees Bridge, built in 1854, made the Keilor route more popular than the Bulla one for diggers bound for Mt Macedon, and attracted those headed to Ballarat who would previously have used Raleigh’s Punt (Maribyrnong). The bridge allowed Cobb and J.M.Peck’s newly established coachline a secure crossing and farms along this road had a ready market for their hay and other produce. For example, David Milburn, Victoria’s first irrigator of Grange Farm west of the river, was called Basket Davie by the diggers.
Hall was not to know what the future would hold and he probably needed cash after buying Purnell’s grant (22B) at Tullamarine for 200 pounds on 5-3-1849 (6 112). With the addition of 22D, granted on 17-7-1866, this became South Wait.
Laverty mortgaged 18D to Hall (M 846 and M847) and on 9-8-1852, 18D as well as lot 6 of section 12 were reconveyed from Hall to Laverty for L152 plus L50 (Q 632).
Two interesting features of this memorial are that the creek was called Steel’s Ponds and that the measurements were given in chains, poles and links. I would assume, because a chain equals 100 links and a pole was greater than 13 links, that a pole was equivalent to 20 or 25 links.
Laverty must have been struggling because he mortgaged 18D several times:
to Charles Payne for 400 pounds on 21-3-1853 (V 779),
to John Catto for 1000 pounds on 1-2-1855 (23 110),
and to Robert Stirling Anderson, with Tourrourrong section 19, for 240 pounds on 13-6-1858.
The first and second series indexes for James Laverty record no sale of 18D, so it looked as if we would have to accept Angela Evans’ claim that John Corcoran bought North Pole Farm in 1864*. Keilor’s ratebook of 1868 shows that John Corcoran owned 183 acres, (an error probably started by the rate collector in transcribing 180.3.0).
However the Laverty memorials revealed some interesting information, compensating for my inability to find his sale of 18D.
Firstly, he was associated with Messrs Phelan and Connor, explaining why he bought a property only ½ mile west of Spring Park. Secondly, he owned lots 5, 6, 22 and ½ acre of lot 21 of John Pinney Bear’s subdivision of allotment 7 of section 5 Doutta Galla. Lots 5 and 6 were between Mt Alexander Rd and the n/w third of the parallel section of the un-named but 40 ft wide Hinkins St, and contained the Harvest Home Hotel. Moonee Ponds obviously wasn’t yet used as a locality name as the land was described as a parcel of McKay’s (McNae’s) farm near Flemington. Laverty leased the hotel and other land to Charles Notley, on 29-12-1856, at 200 pounds p.a. (48 880).
Laverty mortgaged lot 6 in section 12 to A.F.Dougall for 600 pounds on 28-10-1858 (66 404). As this mortgage did not include 18D, I suspected that R.S.Anderson might have gained possession of it; investigation proved otherwise but did help me discover that George Kirk purchased land where the Dundas family had their Dynon Rd factories.
*While attempting to trace ownership of Alex Blair’s purchase in section 12, I discovered that John Corcoran bought 18D of 180 ¾ acres from John Catto for 715 pounds on 6-12-1864 (170 752).
On 2-11-1870, aged about 50, John agreed to sell the land to his sons Andrew, Dennis and John Jun. and the conveyance was finalised on 21-2-1872. John must have been ill as he died soon after, on 28-5-1878. (Keilor Pioneers etc.” A.Evans.)
By 1888, John Pinney Bear, who had owned 18C since 1852, contracted to sell that block and 18D to speculator, G.W.Taylor, for 34 350 pounds (347 14). Michael Fox probably bought 18C and 18 D soon after the depression started in 1892 and ruined G.W.Taylor’s hopes of quick profit. Michael lived in his house on the corner of North Pole Rd and Keilor Rd until his death on 4-9-1918. The family retained ownership and Michael’s son ,John, sold land (to T.M.Bourke?) for a railway station in 1928 according to Ray Taylor, a resident of Keilor Park from 1955. Ray also said that John Fox sold land to Ansair. It went south to Clarks Rd and east to Steeles Creek.
THE NORTH POLE INN.
The arguments for this inn’s location being on the west corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds are presented under the heading of Hotels and Early Names before section 17.(SEE END OF JOURNAL.) The electoral roll shows that Edward Fegan was leasing the inn in 1856. In the same roll, James Laverty, of Keilor Rd, was said to have owned a hotel called the Harvest Home Hotel, supposedly in Keilor Road. This could have been Laverty’s earlier name for the North Pole, but it was more likely the hotel of that name, near the south corner of Dean St, Moonee Ponds, which Laverty leased to Notley at the end of 1856. It could not have been the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve site*, which a memorial of 1854 called the Springfield Hotel. Laverty had probably been leasing 18D from Joseph Hall by 1849, when Wilson’s directory gave his address as Springs, Keilor Rd. (Springs and then Springfield in 1856 were names used to describe the area near Steele’s chain of ponds.) Laverty bought the allotment in 1850 and probably built the hotel.
(* Mentioned by W.O’Donnell to Garnet Price in about 1950.)
On 22-6-1859 the Argus carried this advertisement:
THIS DAY. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. THE NORTH POLE PUBLICHOUSE, PRODUCING 150 POUNDS PER ANNUM, WITH THE NOBLE ESTATE OF SPRING VALE ALONG WITH IT. KEILOR-ROAD. …It is situate at the corner of the Keilor and Essendon roads having about 3 000 feet frontage to the former and about the same to the latter, more or less…comprising 183 acres in two separate paddocks…Nearest neighbours- P.Phelan, Esq., M.L.A.; W.Hoffman Esq. and other gentlemen.
North Pole Rd was obviously referred to as the Essendon road by some in 1859.
Phelan’s Spring Park was ½ mile east on the north side of Keilor Rd. and Hoffman’s Butzbach was on the east side of Hoffmans Rd.
The trade of the North Pole Inn was obviously affected by the opening of the Mt.Alexander Railway just prior to 1860. John Laverty and Robert Linay took it over in June 1860 but by 4-3-1863 Laverty was charged with abandoning it. It closed two weeks later but was re-opened on 3-2-1864 by George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot.
KEILOR RD. (Sections 17, 18, 19.)
HOTELS AND EARLY NAMES.
There were four hotels between the eastern end of Keilor Rd and the Maribyrnong River. The first, geographically, was the Lincolnshire Arms built by Tulip Wright (a native of Lincolnshire) in 1852, at what the diggers called Bendigo Corner. Fifty years later, the intersection was commonly called Essendon Crossroads, as one could travel in five directions from this point. Carnarvon Rd was originally known as Mawbey’s Rd and then Lincoln Rd or Street. Keilor Rd was still being called Mt Alexander Rd in Keilor’s rate book of 1900-1.
The next hotel was hard to determine. Was it the North Pole Inn or the Springfield Inn? The latter was almost certainly the one next to the blacksmith’s shop on the site of the A.J.Davis Reserve.
I originally thought that the North Pole Inn was on the corner of Hoffman’s Rd because of the attached farm being described as 183 acres and the neighbours (Phelan, Hoffman) mentioned in an advertisement of 1859. It was described as being at the corner of the Essendon Rd and I took this to be Hoffmans Rd. Hoffman’s farm was immediately east and Phelan’s only 800 metres west. But two things worried me. Firstly, the frontage to both the Keilor and Essendon Rds was stated to be about 3000 feet while 17D has an eastern boundary of only about 700 feet. Secondly, why would North Pole Farm (18D) be 1½ miles west?
Measuring the appropriate boundaries of 18 D, I found that they were 2640 feet each, close enough to the stated frontages. Then I recalled that John Corcoran’s farm had been wrongly described as 183 acres (instead of 180 acres 3 roods) in the 1868 ratebook.
Apart from the name, acreage and frontage was there any other connection between the inn and farm? Yes. James Laverty bought 18D from the grantee in 1850, and when he failed to sell the inn and noble (but heavily mortgaged) estate of Spring Vale in 1859, John Laverty and Robert Linay took over the hotel in 1860. John was charged with abandoning the hotel on 4-3-1863. James Laverty had mortgaged the farm (and lot D of section 12) several times and about this time John Catto gained ownership. He sold it to Corcoran on 6-12-1864.
Although title memorials concerning 18D made no mention of the inn, the above pieces of evidence, and the one following, make it almost certain that the North Pole Inn was at the western corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds.
The Essendon road of 1859 was officially known as North Pole Rd until about 1947 when its present name of Milleara Rd came into use. It is unclear whether the road gave its name to the hotel or the reverse. It is likely that the Corcorans renamed Spring Vale after the road or the hotel.---William Cherry, best remembered by the lake at Altona, probably used North Pole Rd to travel to his grants near Bertram’s Ford at the Arundel bridge site.
The second hotel was therefore the Springfield and the third was the North Pole. The fourth was Henry Eldridge’s Sir John Franklin Inn at the eastern corner of Keilor Rd and Collinson St. Keilor Village also boasted several hotels, which are described in fair detail in “Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales”.
This book was written by Mary Karney in partnership with Bruce Bennett who has written several books about early butchers, bakers, shopkeepers etc on the Mornington Peninsula. Mary has written No Rugged Landscape and a transcription of Georgina Oswin's diary, which, with this book, are probably still available for purchase from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies. Mary is the daughter of Olive (nee Oswin) and grand daughter of 1865 pioneer, John Oswin, who married Georgina (Mills.)
Golden Plains has extensive information about Foxey's Hangout, the Tubbarubba diggings and the Downward and Oswin families. John Oswin's "Newstead" is wrongly described as being on crown allotment 35, Balnarring (granted to J.Caldwell); it was actually on crown allotments 55 A and B.
In the book, W.M.Gomm was listed as one of a group opposing alienation of the diggings. He was more likely Wm Gomm, son of Convict Henry Gomm. William was one of the grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village (where Jetty's Cafe is today) but later moved to Hastings and was followed on that block by his brother Henry. William died at Hastings in 1915, Henry at Cheltenham Benevolent Home soon afterward, and another brother, Thomas, at Dromana in 1896, not long after he had given evidence in a hearing regarding Alfred Downward's disputed election win. They were not related to Henry Gomm of Glenhoya at Somerville. Graham Whitehead has written an excellent piece on the City of Kingston History site about the two Gomm families based on my THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.
The sheep stealing described on page 33 did not all happen at Tubbarubba. The Hon. F.S.Grimwade was on Coolart. Alf Head's Fern Valley/Musk Creek straddled Stony Creek Rd. Alexander McLennan was most likely on his grant, c/a 1 and 2 Moorooduc, bounded by Moorooduc, Eramosa, Derril and Bungower Rds. Crooks was on Tuerong Park north of Vineyard Lane. Gibson may have been Walter, on Glenholm west of Collins Rd, Dromana and the survey, or another family near Red Hill (see DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL), I believe Sweetapple was near Red Hill and that I have mentioned him in a journal because I almost made a corny joke about his name. Griffiths may have been Griffith whose homestead block was lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision of the southern 4280 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey (Melway 160 H 3-4) with its north west corner indicated by (the seemingly, but not, historic) Bluestone Homestead/Cottage or perhaps on Mornington-Flinders Rd near Blakeley's and Head's where Cr Griffith had a block.
My apologies for not using columns. pre= before page 1.
A. Aborigines 1-2, 5. ALLCHIN 19. B. BALCOLME 7. BARKER 24. BARNES William 27.
BENNETT 19. BENTON 29. BESSIE RAINE 121. BOTT 23. BROWN 25. Bulldog Creek's name 1. BURTON 35.
C. CALDWELL 28. CALLANAN 3. CARLYON Norman 36. Chinese 7, 17, 18. CLARKE 18. COLLINS 34.
CONNELL Lou 39, 40. COOKE Lyn, Lawton 36, 44. CROOKS 33.
D. DAVEY James 22. DOWNWARD- throughout, photos. DRUMMOND 28. E. ELLEMAN 23.
F. FENTON James 35. FIRTH 6, 33, 39, 40. Foxey's Hangout pre, 38-44 (photos). FRITSCH 20, 34.
G. GIBSON 33. GOMM 19. GOTTLIEBSON 20, 34. GRAYDEN 34. GRIFFITHS 33. GRIMWADE 33.
GRANT Bros, Balnarring 30. GROVER 19, 28.
H. HALL 24. Hastings fishermen at diggings 20. HAYES Jack, trainer 34, 36, 44. HEAD 33.
HEGGINS 39. HOLMES Miles 35? HUNTER 19. HUNTLEY 31-2. HUTCHINS 19. I. IRVINE28.
J JAMIESON'S Special Survey 5. JOHNSON Phillip Hilton Elmore "Jack" pre, 38-44 (photos). JONES 19. JOURNEAUX 20, 34, 35. K. KERR 8, 39, 42. KIRKPATRICK 19.
L. LAMBERT 23. LAMBLE 23 PHOTO. LITTLEJOHN Bros. 35. LUPLAN Fred 31.
M. MAIRS 12, 22 25 photo, 33. McCRAE 7. McCUSKER 28, 32. McILROY 24. McKENZIE pre, 42.
McLELLAN (McLENNAN) Alex. 33.
MAPS:Mornington Peninsula pre; Thomas's pre; pastoral runs 4; Jamieson's Special Survey 5; Parishes near Tubbarubba 6; Tubbarubba geological 9; diggings 15; subdivision of c/a 15 Balnarring 54.
MEYERS 29. MEYRICK 5. MILLS 22, 24, 26. MOAT 28. MORIARTY 28.
N. NICHOLS 23. NORMAN (stationers) 32, 38. NUNN 28. O. OLLEY 19. ORSINO 28. OSWALD 29. OSWIN 5, 22 photo, 23 photo, 24 photo, 25 photo, 26, 31. OVERGAADE 35.
P. Petition of 7-12-1880 18-21.POPE 19. POULTON Ina 35.
R. RANKINE 33. REDSTON Tom, Liza 44. RENNISON 19. ROBB 36. ROOKE Harold 36. RUDDELL 5.
S. SHANNON 28. SHERLOCK 28. Sheep stealing 33. SHERWIN John 34, 36. SIMS Rev. 36. SMITH 23 SOMERS 28. STANLEY 12. STOREY Herbert John 31. STUART Capt. 12. SWEETAPPLE 33.
T TEASDALE William 30. THOMAS Protector 1-2, 5. TUCK 5. Tubbarubba Gold Mining Co. 28. TULLIS Bob 36.
W. WALKER 33. WILCHER 26, 35. WILKO 19. WILSON 28. WITTEN 42. WOODWARD (Red Hill) 38. WORRELL 28.
This journal was prompted by my attempt to establish that Charles John Beaman who married Elizabeth Neil Knox was the only son of Richard Beaman and the widow of David William O'Nial who was born at the Lady of the Lake Hotel in Tullamarine on 23-5-1855 (The Argus 26-5-1855 page 4, accessed through TROVE.)
There is extensive information about the O'Nials and Beamans under the heading of the Lady of the Lake Hotel in my journal about hotels near Tullamarine. The purpose of this journal is to assist the person who posted details about Andrew John Beaman on Ancestry.com pages.
This post stated that Andrew John was the son of Charles John Beaman and Elizabeth Knox. When I clicked on Charles John, the post stated that he was born on 23-5-1855 to Richard Beaman and Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald. It seems possible, even probably, that Fitzgerald was the maiden name of David William O'Nial's wife. Why this is so will be discussed later. The big, big mistake is the statement that Charles John Beaman was born in Mauritius. I can only imagine (if no human error was involved) that another Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald/Beaman had given birth in Mauritius to a child with exactly the same name on exactly the same date as the boy born at Tullamarine. As this scenario is a bit far fetched, Mauritius may have been mentioned during Ellen's voyage to Australia and has somehow been attached in relation to another event, as a result of human error.
Very few of our early pioneers arrived in Australia on their own, except for sailors who jumped ship before (such as many of the lime burners at the Heads) and during the gold rush. Many came with relatives or sent encouraging reports and money to bring them later. A typical example is Robert Cairns who settled at Boneo in 1852. His wife's parents came with him and pioneered the other side of the bay, at Drysdale which is named after them. Within a couple of years, his brothers, Alexander and David had joined him at Boneo.
John Pascoe Fawkner's mother's maiden name was Pascoe and Moreland City Council accepted my suggestion to name Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16C3) after her. Hannah lived at her son's Belle Vue Park (renamed Oak Park by Glenroy flour mill owner, Hutchinson) and as there were Pascoes among the area's early pioneers, it is reasonable to assume that they were relatives of Hannah's.
The 1863 rate book of the Broadmeadows Road Board (the oldest available in 1988) showed that pioneers with the surnames of Foster and Fitzgerald had small holdings on the east side of what is now Melrose Drive, north of the Mickleham Rd corner. They were probably on one acre blocks on John Carre Riddell's Hamilton Terrace, bounded by the road to Bulla, Derby St and the closed Greenhill St (formerly officially Victoria St but known locally as Nash's Lane after Charles Nash of "Fairview".)It is reasonable to assume that they were poor relatives of William and John Foster brought out to work on their property of almost 2000 acres. If Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald was indeed the wife of David William O'Nial and then Richard Beaman, she was probably a distant cousin of the rich Fosters. William returned to the old country to inherit and later John Vasey Lesley Foster did the same, his name changed to JohnFitzgerald Leslie Foster in order to inherit.
The following article was discovered because I was trying to find if there was a link between George Dodd of Keilor and Thomas Coffey of Bulla and had done a DELAHEY, KEILOR search on trove. Despite the protestations of innocence by Melbourne Hunt Club members,it is interesting that I have not found one instance of farmers complaining about damage caused by the Oaklands Hunt Club.
I have deliberately not corrected the digitisation for a reason. As a former teacher who had great success with children who had been underachieving readers, I am sick and tired of politicians who advocate phonics as the prime tool in improving reading standards. I certainly taught phonics but if a child was stuck on a word, sounding it out was the last resort, because reading is primarily about extracting meaning from written text. A child sounding out every second word can't see the wood for the trees! TAKE NOTE SAMANTHA MAIDEN OF THE SUNDAY HERALD SUN, AND CHRISTOPHER PYNE,VICTORIA'S MINISTER OF EDUCATION. You will be able to read the article without much effort at all by using PREDICTION, in other words, guessing a word that makes sense. That is the main reading strategy to develop Mr Pyne! Try sounding out the words that don't make sense and see how far that gets you! That's what it's like for a poor reader! Not fun at all!
THE HUNT CLUB AND THE FARMERS.
A meeting of mombers of the Melbourne Hunt, at which all farmers who considered they had any unsatisfied claims against tho club were invited to be present, was held yesterday at Goyder's Hotel, Bourke-streut, for the purpose of listening to any complaints the farmers had to make, and of considering the best means of reconciling the difficulties that existed between them and tho club.
Mr. J. Madden was in the chair. There wore about twenty mombers of tho club present, but oniy six farmers, the sympathies of the majority of whom were evidently with the club. The Chairman', in explaining the object
for which tho meeting was called, regrettée! that the farmers had not accepted the challenge thrown down to them by the club, and attended the meeting. As they had refused it, and declined to attend and make their
claims, he thought they must be considered out of court, and that the club could not bo held responsible any further.
Mr. Basil Gray explained that he had attended a holu-and-corner sort of meeting, held a short time back by some farmers, for the purpose of passing resolutions which would annihilate the Melbourne Hunt Club in particular, and hunting in general, in Victoria ; but, as he learned that those who desired to express views in opposition to that schemo would be prevented from speaking, he soon left. He, however, heard it stated there that the club had wilfully destroyed property and endangered life ; that in no one instance had they offered to compensate the farmers for damage done to their crops ; and that if the latter obtained anything from thom after ap-
plication,, it was trifling in comparison with the injury they had sustained. In his opinion, the faimera assembled at that meeting very badly represented their class ; and that, in consequence, tho club need
take no notice of the resolutions they had adopted. As they had not chosen to attend the present meeting, which had been expressly called to enable them to stato their grievances publicly, he considered they had exonerated the club from taking any notice of them if made privately. He could only recollect ono occasion in which a crop
had been ridden over by the club.The Chairman explained that in the instance alluded to, immediate compensation
had been offered and accepted.
Mr. H. Delahey, of Keilor, remarked that although a farmer himself, he must say ho considered'the claims sent in to the club, in many instances, excessive. Mr. Pyke thought that it would be still advisable to adopt a conciliatory demeanour towards tliB farmers, and endeavour to meot them in a fair spirit. He would, therefore,
move-"That the Hunt Club reglet the unpleasant feeling existing between themselves and the farmers, and aro willing to either repair any damage done by them, or to agree to the appointment of assessois on each side,
and to abide by any decision given by them. Mr. B. Gray agreed with tho terms of the resolution, and suggested that, to save tho ¡aimers all the trouble they could, it would be well to appoint an assessor in each district.
The Chairman observed that several farmers had suggested that instoad of receiving compensation for injury done to their fences, they would, in some districts at least,where wood was scarce, prefer that the club should send round a dray with a few rails, soon after tho hunt, and repair the damage done. To show that tho club was really anxious to meot the farmers, he might explain that two farmers, Messrs. Leslie and Wilson, had sent in claims for injury done to their fences at a recent hunt, and they would be paid, although their charges were not exactly correct. A gentleman at Heidelberg claimed £10 10s. for a terrier dog which the houndB had killed, and though the charge appeared to be high, ho felt sure the club would pay it when they knew that the person whomade it was not one likely to make an unreasonable demand.
Mr. Goyder, in seconding the resolution, reiterated the assertion that the club had no desire, to injure the farmers-----them. He entirely approved of the appointment of assessors, and the only difficulty in carrying the suggestion into eflect would be that of obtaining men who really would tell
them what damage had been done. There must be some check of the sort, or thoy might in somo instances have farmers coming in every Monday morning, claiming compensation for damage they had nevor sustained. Ho believed, however, that the club would rather put up with a little imposition than irritate the farmers by too closely inspecting their claims. Ho wished the whole of the farmers weio as hearty supporters of the hunt as those residing at Dandenong, who not only readily allowed the riders to go overntheir land, but even, when the cap was handedround, put in handsomely, and promised to do so again.
Mr. Waldock, the master of the hounds, remindeei 'the meeting that tho club had already appointed six farmers residing in the various agricultural districts to act as assessors for them. He believed the club had dealt,and were prepared to deal, fairly by thefarmers, and he would promise to give £100 to the Melbourne Hospital out of his own pocket on the day any one pointed out to him a caso in which he had not acted towards a farmer in the spirit a master of the hounds should not. He did not believe the feeling of opposition to the club was as strong as some mado it out to be, because ho know for a fact that some of tho farmers whost names wero attached to a document by Mr Dunn, warning him, as mastor of the houndè from coming on their land, had not autborised the uso of their names for any sucl purpose.
Mr. Goyder condemned the oxtrome language used by somo of the farmers at tholi late meeting when referring to tho Hun Club, but consideied that that should no induce the club to assume an antagonistic attitude towards them.
Mr. B. Gray suggested that the resolutioi should bo slightly altered, so as to read tha the club regretted the unpleasant feeling tha "appeared to oxist" between thomselves am the farmers. Ho did so because, in hi
opinion, such a feeling did not exist in th minds of the farmers as a class. Mr. Walduck considered that tho epithet of " Bourkc-8treet loafers," though not applicable to tho nunt Club, might be correctly applied to many of the non-subscribers wh followed the hounds. Ho would like to se the farmers assist the club to prevent thoa
persons joining in tho hunt, for the damag done to the fences was almost entirely occasioned by thom. '
The'resolution, amended according to Mr B. Gray's suggestion, was carried. Mr. Mitchell, of the Model Farm, objecte to the insinuation thrown out by Mr. Goydo that the farmers might on Monday morninf present - claims for damage thoy had nev< sustained. Speoific instancos should bo give in which that had been dono before a general charge was ' made against the farmers as a class.
Mr. Walduck said that, last Monday week three faimcrs, named Mansfield, Cumming and Sharpe, had sent in claims amounting t £13, while, on examination, it was found tin £10 10s. fully covered the damngo thoy hu sustained, .
Mr. Goyder explained that ho never itended by his remarks to make a gonçr chargo against the farmers. He morely wish«to impress upon the club th« necessity of taking some precautions to prevent tin being imposed on.
Mr. Boadle, of Prospect-hill, oxplained til it was his dog tho chairman had alluded to having been killed by the hounds. It h been worried in the presenco of his childrc with whom it had boen playing when t hounds carno up, without ovon an attempt to whip them off. He proceeded to instar several cases in > which considerable darno had been dono to his,and his neighbou property' when the hunt mot last Heidelberg, and especially condemned t manner ,in which,some of the riders h knocked down some panels of the cemetery fence, and grossly'abused one of the trust* when requested to put up tho rails again prevent to cattlo from getting,,in. He stated that the horse of one of tho hunters fell dead undor him, about two Cr three bundi yards from, tho cemetery ,and somo privi houses, and that when some labourers, v¡ were by, offered to bury it for a small
renouration 'the rider, replied that it had alrqi cost him enough.', out that the men mij have the skin for their trouble. The corquenco was that the dead body roman there still, to tho great annoyance of the
neighbourhood. _ . ' >
Mr. Goyder said that it'was his horse that had fallen down dead, but that ho had had no such conversation as that described by Mr. Roadie with any men. He would seo that the horse was buried. Air. Walduck assured Mr. Boadle that every attempt was made to whip the hounels off his little dog : but that they had killed it
before they could hu even reached.
Mr. Boadle believed that if the club would take ste»ps to prevent their hounds being followed by a number of non-subicribers, there were not threo farmers in the district he livetl in who would object to their hunting, so long as they avoided doing damage. Mr. B. Gray said the club were most anxious to do so ; but could Mr. Boadle inform him how they could prevent non-membeis following the hounds? Mr. Boadle replied that ho did not attend tbo meeting for the purposo of offering suggestions to the club.After some further discussion,
Dr. Pattehbon moved, and Mr. Pyke seconded, a vote of thanks to those farmers who had attended the meeting for the purpose of explaining their grievances to the club. The motion was carried, and tho proceedings terminated.
(P.1s, Argus, 6-7-1869.)
I had not realised what Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" (Melway 5 K12-D12 roughly)had started with his brave stance, despite reading all the proceedings of DUNN v WALDOCK. The latter's lawyer,Madden,tried to smother the case in points of law by taking it to the Supreme Court.
HUNT CLUBS AND FARMERS' LEAGUES.
The Adelaide Hunt Club, in the infancy of career, may learn in time useful lessons from the recent declaration of war between the huntsmen of Melbourne and the farmers over whose land they have hitherto followed the kangaroo, the dingo, or the red herring. The yeomen of Moonee Ponds, Pentridge, and other fertile neighborhoods, profess no hostility to the " fine old English sport" of hunting, but object to the manner in
which it is practised in Victoria. At the first blush it will appear to any ordinary comprehension, that the farmers and gardeners are under no obligation to offer apologies for taking measures to protect their fields and gardens from invasion and injury. As owners of the freehold or leasehold of these lands they have an undoubted right to possess them free from needless molestation, and are unable to understand why a gentleman's ornamental grounds should be protected against the slightest pedestrian intrusion, while the husbandman's land should be exposed to the incursions of troops of horsemen, tearing through hedges, breaking down fences, and trampling under foot whatever happens to lie in their way. They consider they have, or ought to have,the rights of property enjoyed by other classes of the community, and do not see that they would be sacrificing them to a higher object if they submitted to unlimited aggressions simply because the trespassers were gentlemen in search of amusement. They have been told there is the law to appeal to, but(like too many other ill-used citizens) they have found practically that the law is nothing more than a machine for wearing out the poor suitor with expenses and annoyances, and ensuring victory to the litigant with the longest purse. A Mr. Dunn complained of the injury caused to his property by the Melbourne Hunt Club, and finding them unwilling to give him compensation at all commensurate with the damage he had sustained, sued the Master of the Hounds in a Court
of law, and got more kicks than halfpence, the trumpery indemnification he obtained being nothing to set off against the heavy costs and worrying by counsel to which he was subjected. He was treated, in fact, as if he were some criminal, or some greedy extortioner endeavoring to victimise a few pleasant, free-hearted, "jolly dogs," who, in the exuberance of their spirits, had chanced to'gallop across his land. He went into Court an injured man, and came out a still more injured man. His class took this matter up,perceiving that what was Mr. Dunn's case then might any day be the case of any other farmer whose land might be crossed by a flying doe or a Yarmouth bloater. The farmers and gardeners then formed an Association bearing the comprehensive title of the "Fence, Field,and Chattel Preservation League," fixed the annual subscription of members' somewhat in proportion to the extent of their holdings, and decided that any member of the League aggrieved by the huntsmen should come upon the common fund for support and assistance in obtaining redress by legal means. This league having been duly organised, the Nimrods of the chase opened their eyes and became suddenly aware of the fact that though they may occasionally override their bounds, they have not carte blanche to override all country property without fear of consequences. They of course had no prescriptive or any other right to gallop freely over other persons' land, just because they smelt game ahead of them. Hunting is commonly allowed by farmers over their ground because,they do not wish to spoil sport, and sometimes because they join in the past-time themselves, but they infallibly complain if the amusement is followed with a reckless disregard of consequences to property. It therefore comes to this:—Huntsmen should first endeavor to do as little mischief as possible; and, secondly, should fully repair and compensate forany damage that is actually done. To destroy a man's property and then harass him with lawyers, is quite sufficient to breed hostility, and the defence, at the
expense of the Melbourne Hunt Club in the case of Dunn v. Waldock, and the manner in which it was conducted, amply warranted the position subsequently assumed by the agriculturists and horticulturists.
There are two classes of persons who turn out on hunting days to whom the farmers specially object. There are theroughs and jockeys, who ride neck-or nothing at and go out of their way to take fences, even if they lead into growing crops. This wanton destructiveness is much to be condemned, and is anything but sportsmanlike, for to say nothing of the old English custom of avoiding crops as much as possible, any true huntsman with a long run before him, will spare his horse as much as he can. But there is another class still more obnoxious,
usually composed of " cockneys " and unskilled or timid riders, who have no pretensions to the title of huntsmen at all, but simply go out in the hope of having fences broken for them through which they may scramble. They seldom if ever see the end of a run, they follow till some obstruction pulls them up, and
then, after trampling and cutting up the corn under the pretence of forcing their horses at the leap, return to boast of their wonderful exploits. A British farmer cannot stomach this sort of thing; he will more easily bear five times the amount of injury from the honest country rider, who fears nothing, than from the mere pretender. Persons who cannot follow hounds in a sportsmanlike manner should be content to see them " throw off," and
then satisfy themselves with a canter home, instead of making themselves ridiculous, and bringing discredit upon the sportsmen they are making feeble efforts to imitate. Conducted properly there is no fear of hunting becoming unpopular with farmers. It is a sport congenial to almost all persons with rural tastes, and with its healthy excitement and ample exercise, forms a pleasant relief, to those who can afford it, from wearying and irksome pursuits. Moreover, there is no question that whereever hunting is common it tends to improve the breed of horses. A racer in these days of light weights and handicaps is frequently good for nothing off the "turf," but most of the finest qualities of a horse must be combined in one that can take a succession of strong post and rail fences, and live through a long run across country. The hunter is the beau ideal of a horse, and if breeders aim at such a standard there need be no fear of deterioration in our hacks. But as a Hunt Club cannot exercise on its own freehold, care should be taken not to injure or annoy those upon whose kind consent the very existence of such a Club must depend.— Express and Telegraph.
(P.2,The South Australian Advertiser, 28-6-1869.)
Adam Lindsay Gordon couldn't have put it better!
Here's some information about some of the people involved in the story.
DUNN.Edmund Dunn was a trustee for the Methodist church and despite dodging the toll gate near Viewpoint by exiting his property in different directions according to his destination,he was a peace-loving man like those in the Methodist Nash,Parr and Wright families. However when wrong was triumphing over right, he stood his ground,just like another Methodist leader at Tullamarine,Tommy Loft, about 60 years later, who had the Junction Hotel closed; Cec and Lily Green were later shown a bullet, lodged in an inside door,which had been fired during an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the pub! Edmund had complained not only about his crushed crops,but also about ewes that were so traumatised that they could not drop their lambs.
DELAHEY. I have tried to find what kind of farming the Delaheys were carrying out on their large area of land between Milleara Rd and the river but without success. I suspect that he was a grazier and would have had few crops likely to be trampled.
GOYDER. This was probably Frank Goyder,mentioned by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN,who later owned part of John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park at Pascoe Vale and owned some good racehorses.
MADDEN. Probably the lawyer/supplier of horses to the Indian army, who renamed Hugh Glass's "Flemington" as "Travancore"-which when subdivided was given street names from India, Cashmere being a corruption of Kashmir. Waldock's lawyer; probably Sir John Madden.
PYKE. Squatter on the Upper Werribee run who was granted much land near Ballan. Pyke's Flat seems to be the site of Pyke's Creek reservoir.
WALDOCK. Sam Waldock was a racehorse trainer at Flemington but advertised his establishment and many of his horses for sale early in 1867. (P.2, Argus, 2-1-1867.)
On Saturday last Mr. Waldock, the Flemington trainer, who has undertaken the mastership of the Melbourne hounds, brought them out for the first time this season. At one o'clock the space in front of the Racecourse Hotel, which was the fixture for the occasion was a scene of much bustle and liveliness, being scattered over with carriages, horsemen, and horsewomen, among the latter of whom the Misses Manners Sutton* filled a
conspicuous place, though they only accompanied their brothers as far as the throw-off.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian, Saturday 13 June 1868 p 3 Article.)
*Their father Sir John Manners-Sutton was the governor and soon after became Viscount Canterbury during his tenure, thus accounting for the first two names for BLAIRGOWRIE.
I'm fairly sure that Sam Waldock,who ran the Red House hotel at Northcote in 1866 (RACING AT NORTHCOTE.
The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1870) Monday 22 October 1866 p 2 Article) later owned the Laurel Hotel in Ascot Vale.
MITCHELL. The manager of the model farm was Josiah Mitchell. I suspect that the model farm,about 160 acres,was the northern part of Royal Park.It was definitely near the Royal Park Station where 5 acres of the old model farm was planted with mulberry trees in an attempt to establish a silk industry. Because of the farm, West Brunswick residents had to go four miles instead of one to reach Flemington Rd. The Industrial School (Turana?) was built on one of its paddocks, as was the mental institution which led to the creation of Oak St.
Cause of Rust in Wheat.— We have received a pamphlet entitled 'The Cause of Rust in
Wheat,' being a paper read at Ballarat by Mr.Josiah Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne,together with a discussion thereupon. (South Australian Register, Saturday 20 February 1869 p 2 Article.)
ACCIDENT TO A VALUABLE HORSE.-A valuable mare, the property of Mr Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne, met with a frightful death on Saturday last, by jumping a low picket fence dividing the farmyard from an enclosure near the house. The leap, it would appear, was taken to avoid the attack of another mare, and in going over the low fence one of the sharp pointed pickets ripped open the belly of the animal; the bowels fell out on the spot, and the mare, after staggering for a few yards, dropped dead. Farmers will do well to avoid placing low " model fences " with sharp pointed pickets around their farmyards. (P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 15-7-1869.)
MANSFIELD. The farm where damage was caused could have been on 16 Doutta Galla near the south west corner of the present Essendon Aerodrome, 22C Doutta Galla near the site of Westfield Airport Shoppingtown, Mansfield's Triangle, between Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd (all Sam Mansfield),the 80 acre site of the Melbourne Airport terminal building (John Mansfield) or along Mansfields Rd near the historic Roseleigh homestead (David Mansfield.)
SHARP. This was James Sharp who had bought part of Foster's "Springs" (21 Doutta Galla)in about 1867. Sharps Rd,the boundary between the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine was named after James Sharp.
If only the Melbourne hunt had taken the advice of Mr Browne in 1866. He was on Camp Hill, of which Mansfield's Triangle had been a part before being sold off by Eyre Evans Kenny. He had a little girl named Pattie who later married Alfred Deakin. She remembered the injured deer in her later life. ("One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows,the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat
them." WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO BUILD AUSTRALIA No. 3 of Series: Pattie Deakin
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated.)
THE MELBOURNE HUNT.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,-Will you kindly, through the columns of your paper, allow me to suggest to the members of the Melbourne Hunt, and to the master of the hounds in particular, the propriety of choosing localities where there is
little cultivated land as the places for holding their " meets ?"
Last Saturday, had not tho stag unfortunately broken his leg as he was going down a steep hill on my property, he would have run through my crops, and those of the neighbouring farmers, followed by about a couple of hundred horsemen, which, as the crops are now up a good height, would have done considerable damage. As it was, a number of the horsemen, and one or two parties in conveyances, in coming to and returning from where the lame stag stood,instead of keeping on the farm-yard road, up which the stag had run, rode and drove over the ploughed land, lately sown with expensive grate-seeds, for about a quarter of a mile alongside of this road, because it was a little rough.
I should be the last person to say a word to discourage hunting, even if it were in my power to do so; and I would not have troubled you with this communication were there not many localities round Melbourne where there is little or no cultivation equally as suitable for the hounds to meet as the agricultural districts of Moonee Ponds and Broadmeadows. I feel sure the suggestion I have made will be endorsed by most, if not all, of the farmers in the neighbourhood, and considered reasonable by even the members of the hunt themselves.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, AN OLD SPORTSMAN. Camp-hill, July 17. ((P.5, Argus, 19-7-1866.)
Much information about Pascoe Vale, Oak Park, the naming of roads (Bell St after Bell Manor, O'Hea's Rd after Father O'Hea) and locations (Westbreen school after West and Breen etc) can be found in Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, the history of the City of Coburg. BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY has quite a lot about Pascoeville,the Young Queen,Belle Vue and John Kernan/Merai.
Bruce Barber's website on the history of Strathmore supplies information from rate books and other sources about Strathmore.To locate Bruce's website, google HISTORY OF STRATHMORE, RAY or you'll have to wade through countless pages about Strathmore in Canada.
From Harry Heaps at Tullamarine to Ron Doig at Tootgarook, everyone seems to have have told me about a plane crash in the early days of aviation. Here's one about a crash at Pacca.
PLANE FORCED DOWN IN PADDOCK
Forced down by engine trouble, a light plane, piloted by Mr Howard Morris of North Essendon made an emergency landing yesterday afternoon in a paddock near Cumberland road, Pascoe Vale. Neither Mr Morris nor Mr McFarlane of Coburg, a passenger, was injured. The plane was only slightly damaged. After the wings were removed the ma- chine was towed back to the Essendon aerodrome.(P.2, Argus, 16-12-1937.)
THE BOARD TRACK AT NORTH ESSENDON.
This article is about Jack Campbell, the man who owned the board track. Only part of the article appears here.
He moved back to his old hunting ground (the Motordrome)in 1934 with an agreement he thought was "water tight." However, there was a loop- hole, and after two years he was forced to look for a new venue for his races. He bought a block of land at North Essendon, and within a month shifted the whole track there and had racing in full swing. That was 12 years ago, and the Campbell era of cycling now is drawing to a close.
(P.10, Argus, 1-5-1951.)
BOARD TRACK CHANGE
Site at Essendon
The Broadmeadows Council yesterday approved a proposal for the transfer of board track cycle racing from the Exhibition to a site near the Napier Park coursing ground. The work of re-erecting the track would cost about £4 000.
Councillor Mutton said that it was merely a proposal to transfer the Exhibition track to North Essendon. He thought the track would be a great acquisition to the district.
An amendment to defer consideration for a fortnight to enable the people of North Essendon to express their views was defeated.
After the council had granted the application Mr J Campbell said that he was the promoter of the proposal. An area of about seven acres of land had been obtained about 100 yards from the North Essendon railway station Legal action had forced him and his partner to leave the Exhibition.
If a track were not obtained for the coming season professional and amateur cycling would decline and Olympic Games aspirants would not be afforded facilities to prepare themselves for Finland. Racing would be held on Wednesday and Saturday nights. (P.15, Argus, 1-9-1939.)
The Station is now called Strathmore. It would be clearer to say that the Napier Park greyhound track and the board track were on opposite sides of the railway line, not of the station.
The site is on the opposite side of the station to the coursing ground. Work on the new track will begin on Monday, and the first races will be held on the first
Saturday in November.
Rosebank, one of Strathmore's historic houses, was built by Barber, who was part of one of Melbourne's early law firms before moving to Warrnambool. He was buried at Warrnambool.
DEATH. BARBER.-On the 21st March, at his residence, "Rosebank," Wood land-street, North Essendon, George Page Barber; also of Staywood Park, Warrnambool, in his 76th year. (P.2, Warrnambool Standard, 24-3-1914.)
The shire of Broadmeadows was huge in 1944, stretching as far north as Wallan. Most of the councillors were farmers and although money had been set aside for facilities at Strathmore,the Pascoe Vale residents (west of Northumberland Rd)were far from happy.This area was later transferred to the Coburg municipality.
At the Council Table Notes From Broadmeadows. THE JUNE MEETING OF THE BROADMEADOWS SHIRE COUNCIL WAS HELD AT NIGHT ON THE 29th-AND AT THE NIGHT GATHERINGS THERE IS ALWAYS A "GALLERY" OF INTERESTED RATE PAYERS. ON THIS OCCASION A DEPUTATION WAS IN ATTENDANCE, AND COUNCIL HEARD SOME UNDISGUISED CRITICISM OF ITS POLICY REGARDING STREETS AT PASCOE VALE. NOT MANY MATTERS RELATED TO THE "NORTH" WERE ON THE AGENDA.
(P.6, Kilmore Free Press, 13-7-1944.)
There is some information from BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS in regard to this Pascoe Vale farm. John Pascoe Fawkner purchased section 151 of the parish of Jika Jika, consisting of 780 acres, on 1-8-1839.This land was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Ck, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Northumberland Rd and Gaffney St.
Fawkner was affected by the depression but was saved from bankruptcy by putting his property,Belle Vue or Grand View, in his wife's name. In 1842, the 218 acre part of the property east of Sydney Road (Pascoe Vale Rd)was sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom a section of Pascoe Vale Rd within the Township of Essendon was named)and was known from that time as Merai Farm. It was leased by Ashurst to various tenants, Joseph Burns being the first. John Kernan commenced leasing Merai Farm in 1856.
In 1871,John Kernan, by that stage owning or leasing about 500 acres in that area appeared before the Royal Commission on Noxious Trades and said that he'd improved the yield on his farms fifteen-fold on the poorer soil by using animal matter from the Maribyrnong meat Preserving Company as fertiliser. He had to confess that the smell was pretty strong.(P.63-4, B.A.F.H.; not in index.)
John Kernan died in 1879 and Merai Farm was carried on by his widow, Mary, and his son, John. The Kernans had not bought Merai Farm and in 1885, a group of Melbourne businessmen from Melbourne were parleying with the Ashurst family to buy the land.
John Kernan was a great friend of Michael Loeman of Glenloeman at Bulla according to Harry Peck of Hiawatha in Strathmore. John Kernan was supposed to have subdivided land in Strathmore and given Loeman's Rd (Strathmore) its name.
KERNAN,MERAI FARM ON TROVE.
John Kernan Jnr was still on Merai Farm in 1898.
FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 11 March 1898 p 3 Article
... FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS. A field trial of agricultural implements took place yesterday at the farm of Mr. Jolm Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds. The trial, which was under the auspices biih w is undei tin nuspius of the lîouil Agutullut li ?»oí ntl, nts luteiulid lo bung out competition bctwien miihi ... 588 words
THE GRAND NATIONAL EXHIBITION AT GEELONG.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 12 October 1866 Supplement: Supplement to The Argus p 1 Article
... in foal-Board's prize, £10, J. F. Donaldson ; board's second prize, £10, John Kernan, Merai ; third ... farm purposes, also property of exhibitors-Board's prize, £6, Alfred Douglas, Geelong. Three Colts and ... 2256 words
BACCHUS MARSH AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL SOCIETY. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 October 1887 p 2 Detailed lists, results, guides
... Vale; second, £2; third, £1. 1st, John Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds, Switzerland; 2nd Hon H. Miller, ... Melbourne. Farm and Garden Produce-Mr. E. Richardson, Nagambie; Mr. D. S. Hughes, Lonsdale street, ... and G. Burnip. Farm and Garden Produce-Messrs. G. Dickie and H. Vallence. Implements and ... 7129 words
KERNAN, PASCOE VALE ON TROVE.
ROLL OF HONOUR
The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 Edition: Morning p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -4-- Lieut. E. J: Kernan, of "Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch; Town Hall, ... Ascot Vale, has been wound ed for the third time. and.. now an in-. mate of a hospital at Bouen, where ... 336 words
ROLL OF HONOUR
Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -----+---- Lieut. E. J. Kernan. of '*Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch, Town
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 6 February 1930 Edition: MORNING p 2 Article
... 'Obituary., An old and highly esteemed resident of Pascoe Vale. passed away to eternal reward when -Mr John Kernan departed; this life on 28th ultimo. The deceased,, who:had.been in rather delicate health1 for some. time,.was 7.4 years ofage, spent, most. of his .long life in-.the district; .
KERNAN, JIKA JIKA ON TROVE.
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 22 January 1886 p 3 Advertising
... the Pascoo Railway Station, and the well-known residence of Messrs. J. M. Peak, Kernan, Anderson ... of December, 1885
(This article seems to indicate that John Kernan Jnr was living in present-day Strathmore.)
TUESDAY JULY 14
CLEARING SALE Of DAIRY CATTLE &C.,At MERAI, PASCOEVALE
WM ADAMSON and Co have received instructions from Mr John Kernan Merai Pascoevale to SELL,as above through their auctioneer James McPhail.
The whole of his choice herd of dairy cattle,
horses and dairy utensils as under -
123 HEAD of CATTLE,
Comprising 80 cows in full milk 23 springers,20 heifers 12 to 20 months old the progeny of the above cows.
HORSES 5 saddle and harness horses
DAIRY UTENSILS. 2 refrigerators
15 milk cans and numerous other articles used in connection with a dairy.
Everything offered will be sold as Mr Kernan s instructions to us are to sell without the slightest reserve. We would draw attention to the fact that there are no store cows or strippers amongst the Milkers they being all cows in full milk, and cows that we can highly recommend to those in want of first class milkers.
The sale of cattle will start at one o clock sharp. Luncheon provided.
Trains leave Spencer street Station for Pascoevale at 8.37 a m and 12 noon.
Wm. Adamson and Co 408 Bourke street.(P.2,Argus, 13-7-1891.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 1 March 1886 p 2 Advertising
... luitrueted by John Kernan, Esq., to SELL by AI'011 ON' at Mcrai, .Moonee Ponds, Pmscoevale-road, on .
John Kernan had probably been concentrating on hay production, draught horses and elevators being among the items on sale. Ashurst must have sold Merai but the subdivision possibly stalled. Therefore another 5 year lease seems to have been negotiated with John turning to dairying; hence the clearing sale of 1891.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 3 April 1886 p 2 Advertising
... that valuablo freehold property, being part of Crown Allotments 150 and 151, parish Jika Jika, countv ... Is at present In the occupation of Mr. J. Kernan, and It is splendid FARM LAND. The crops obtained ...
The description of Merai containing land in crown allotment 150 puzzled me but I figured it must have been a small parcel between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line and sure enough,there was the tiny Kernan Ave at Melway 16 K10.
The Kernans were pioneers of Somerton as well.
Coburg Police Court. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE.
The Coburg Leader (Vic. : 1890 - 1913) Saturday 23 May 1908 p 4 Article
... Coburg Police Court. rt. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE. John Francis Kernan, licensee of the 'Somerton, Hotel, pleaded guilty that being the licensee of licensed premises known as the Somerton Hotel in the Broadmeadows licensing district, a sale of liquor took place on such
John Kernan seems to have been the first licensee of the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel, built by Bulla pioneer,Tulip Wright. The following Gazette notice describes the hotel as being on the corner of Macedon and Keilor Roads. Over the years Bulla Rd was called Macedon Rd, Deep Creek Road, the Great Road to the Diggings (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854),Bulla Rd,Lancefield Rd, and now (north of Keilor Rd), it is called Bulla Rd, Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 1 April 1851 p 2 Article
...esterson, Richmond ; John Kernan, junction of the Mount Macedon and Kielor roads C ... ; George Vutgo, Somerton ; Sarah Wulle, Pentridge.
Macedon Road was mentioned re the location of the hotel for which John Kernan wanted his licence.I found this when I entered "Sydney Road, Pascoeville.
Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. ;
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road, from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road,leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road.
((P.4, The Melbourne Argus, 5-5-1848.
The first became Bulla Rd, the second Keilor Rd, the third Oaklands Rd and the fourth Pascoe Vale Rd.
JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER.
FOR SALE, at Pascoeville, orders for which will be received at the Patriot office, Melbourne, a small quan tity of Lucerne, and of twelve varieties of English Grasses, either for lawns or meadows. A few English Trees which have been nearly two years acclimatised, consisting of Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Maple, Acacia, Walnut, Chesnut, Filbert, and Spanish Chesnut. These persons who really delight in ornamenting their country residences Will be blind to their own interests if they neglect the present opportunity. JOHN P. FAWKNER.
(P.1, Geelong Advertiser,16-5-1842.)
No doubt Fawkner planted some of each type of tree on Belle Vue Park. Only one of the trees he planted remains; it is an oak. After Fawkner's widow, Eliza, died, John? English bought the property and built the double storey brick building which remains today. A later owner, Hutchinson, a Glenroy flour miller, renamed the property Oak Park because of all the oak trees Fawkner had plantedor so it had been written!
TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 26 April 1952 p 6 Article
... TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES Today will see a rush of weddings. It will be the most popular Saturday for marriage since the new year. One of today's biggest weddings. will be that of Patricia Catherine, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R, J. Hutchinson, Oak Park, Glenroy, to James Francis ... 238 words
Hutchinson was on Belle Vue by 1949 when Patricia's engagement was announced to another bloke.
He was there by 1945.
Mr Justice O'Bryan, in the Practice Court, upheld an appeal on behalf of Hutchinson's Finley Flour Milling and Agency Co Pty Ltd, of Hartington st, Glenroy, against a conviction and fine of £50 by Mr Nicholas, PM, at the City Court for an offence under the Prices Regulations. His Honour made the order nisi to review the decision absolute, with costs, and set aside the fine.
The appellant company had been fined on a charge of having overcharged for bran and pollard.
At the City Court there had been 10 charges of a similar nature against the company, and 10 against Robert Graham Hutchinson, of Oak Park, Glenroy, a director of the company.etc. (P.10, Argus, 2-3-1945.)
The farm had been called Oak Park much earlier than this.
ALCORN - In loving memory of George James eldest son of James and Annie Alcorn, and loving brother of Wallace and Jack accidentally killed at Pascoevale, November 1 1924. (Sadly missed by his loved ones at Oak Park Glenroy). (P>1, Argus, 1-11-1926.)
Subdivision of "Oak Park" began in 1946 and an aerial photo of the area in 1954 (on page 173 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) shows the homestead and the beautiful garden surrounding it in the centre with quite a few houses, especially near Pascoe Vale Rd.
Joseph English bought Belle Vue when Fawkner's widow, Eliza (nee Cobb) died in 1879. It is probable that he named the property Oak Park at about that time.Hutchinson did not bestow the suburb's name!
ENGLISH. —On the 24th March, at "Oak Park," Glenroy, the wife of J. M. English —a daughter.
(P.13, Argus, 14-4-1917.)
English St in Essendon Aerodrome was most likely named after Joseph or John English. Joseph let part of Belle Vue to either the Knights or Fred Morgan (can't remember which but the two families were related by marriage and one family was related to English)and their property was called The Pines. (Fred's place. See Victoria and Its Metropolis and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS.) Other tenants known to be on Belle Vue were Rob. Bryant,dairyman and Frank Goyder, a thoroughbred enthusiast mentioned in detail by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. Another occupant is mentioned in this report.
HUNTING Oaklands Club By Blue Top.
Meeting at Sherwood, Oaklands Junction on Saturday the Oaklands Hunt Club had a drag run to Glenroy. The throw-off was in the Sanatorium property through J.Attwood's Dundonald Estate to the Mickleham road which was crossed taking the field into K Campbell's Springbank, thence through Willowbank to J Walsh's, Andersons and Underwoods where hounds were checked near the bridge in Broadmeadows road. Taking up the line again in Pahoff's the pack raced down the valley into McLeans and then crossed the railway bridge Into Gibson's and on through Proudfoot's, Parker's and Morgan's to W.Burke's Oak Park where hounds threw up their heads near the dam after an excellent run of seven or eight miles.etc. (P.11, Argus, 28-6-1937.)
Follow the hunt on Melway.----------------------------------------------
I think that Hannah Pascoe was really Australia's first saint. She performed a miracle! Hannah, from a well-to -do family married a silversmith who earned a free trip to Australia- as a convict. Did Hannah go back to her parents with her young son,where they would both prosper? No. Hannah chose to accompany her husband, John, halfway around the world to establish Victoria's first settlement at Sullivan Bay, near Sorrento, in 1803. She obviously worried about her son, John Fawkner being contaminated by the dregs of English society (as most of the convicts were), but she wanted to keep the family together.
When Collins relocated to Hobart after a few months because of supposed difficulty in obtaining fresh water, the locale changed but not the corrupting influence that could turn young John to a life of crime,laziness, drunkenness, cursing and so on. When John's father obtained his ticket of leave, he was granted some land but much of the income he earned from it was wasted on drink. Hannah and her son were facing a life of poverty.
Hannah was informed of an inheritance and had to return to England to claim it.Here was her chance to return to the comfortable life she had known before her marriage, and although C.P.Billot does not say in THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER whether she took her son with her,it is hard to imagine her leaving her son in the care of his drunken father. Hannah returned and it is almost certain that the various enterprises started later by John Fawkner in Launceston were made possible by Hannah's inheritance.
John Fawkner developed into a hard-working, community-minded, literate, law-abiding man. Considering the environment in which he grew up,that was Hannah's miracle. There was one slight blip on young John's record regarding the law but it illustrates his caring nature, generosity and championing of the cause of the common man rather than lawless tendencies. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825,the 33 year-old John Fawkner adopted her maiden name as a second given name as a mark of respect for everything that she had done for him.
When R.K.Morgan's old factory site on Gowanbrae was to be developed into a residential area,the Moreland Council asked for suggestions of street names.I was delighted that this wonderful woman was honoured by my suggestion of a street being named after her was adopted.(Hannah Pascoe Drive, Melway 16 C3.)
By googling "john pascoe fawkner, land co-operatives",I came up with the following:
Place: Victoria Bank
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
the 1851 John Pascoe Fawkner land co-operative estate on Sections 13A and 13B Parish of. Tullamarine; for its association with the locally prominent Mansfield ...
Heritage story - Organ Pipes N.P. (PDF File 388.6 - Parks Victoria
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
Batman's old rival, John Pascoe Fawkner. It is believed that Fawkner intended to subdivide the land and sell it to members of his Victoria Co-operative Freehold ...
Port Phillip Apostle No 3: John Pascoe Fawkner | The Resident ...
Nov 20, 2008 – Now what on earth is John Pascoe Fawkner doing here? .... his plans for a Tradesman's bank and schemes for a co-operative land society.
Oh dear! The report on Victoria Bank contains some excellent research and documentation but unfortunately, the author has confused two different farms. More about that later.
My research in the titles office had given me the impression that little 5 foot 2 tall Johnny had obtained his grants (except for Belle Vue)on behalf of co-operatives consisting of his beloved yoeman farmers (as C.P.Billot put it.)These grants were Box Forest (now Hadfield); Coburg Central (parish of Jika Jika); 22C, Doutta Galla (now the Airport West Shoppingtown site south of Dromana Ave historically occupied mainly by J.B.Howse and Sam Mansfield); Section 7 Tullamarine; section 13 Tullamarine (bisected by Mansfields Rd) and Section 10 Tullamarine on Tullamarine Island (containing Cooper Rd and the part of Organ Pipes National Park east of the river.) I will not go on about the pioneers on these grants as this entry is about a pioneer of Oak Park, not Tullamarine etc.
There were two farms called Victoria Bank in Tullamarine's history and they were both owned by members of the
McNab family,not the Mansfields. The first one consisted of 160 acres of section 8 Tullamarine,with its northern boundary being an eastern extension of Barbiston Rd,the adjoining parts of section 8 being Seafield (John Grant) of 320 acres to the north and Oakbank(McNab) of 160 acres to the south. The MCNab who owned Victoria Bank moved to Lilydale and his son,Angus,returned to Tullamarine* and bought 93 or 95 acres fronting the north side of Barbiston Rd between Barbiston to the south and Aucholzie to the north.
(*Before 1888, exact year probably in the VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS entry for Angus.)
The member of the Mansfield family was talking about "Roseleigh" in Mansfields Rd (which is still standing and on land granted to John Pascoe Fawkner!) The author's confusion was probably caused by the homestead block of the second Victoria Bank (on the north corner of Barbiston and McNabs Rds) being called Rosebank by the Courtney-Shaws, whom I interviewed circa 1989 as well as videotaping the old brick house and beautiful garden. The website shows timber structures and if I remember correctly they fronted Barbiston Rd within the homestead block.
GREEN GABLES.(Melway 16 J9.)
This historic house was across the footbridge from Cook's Cottage (demolished and replaced by Red Rooster.) Green Gables was demolished in about 1989 for the construction of the Ruth Bednell Retirement Village. It was a two-storey weatherboard mansion on two acres. It could have been bought for a thousand pounds during world war 2. The house was used for prisoner rehabilitation after the war. (I believe this information came from Lenore Frost's book about Essendon's historic houses.)
This cottage was built by John Murray Peck of Lebanon, according to the owner of Lebanon in 1989-90. Sam Merrifield gave its name as Wanganui in his house name index according to Lenore Frost but this was probably a guess at its spelling by a typesetter who had been given the name orally. Many newspaper advertisements for its sale spell the name as Wannaeue, the name of a parish containing McCrae, Rosebud, Tootgarook, the part of Rye east of Government Rd and Boneo north of Limestone Rd.
There is a claim on the Walking Melbourne website that the house was a changing station for Cobb and Co. As Peck moved into Lebanon in 1882 (having previously lived in Mascoma at Ascot Vale,recalled by a street name there), this claim,if true,should not be taken as an indication that the house was built in the 1850's. It was probably built after 1882 and as Cobb and Co was not likely to be providing a service on what had been a sleepy country road for a quarter of a century, the coach service was more likely to be run by a local operator.
(The Walking Melbourne website has some excellent history of the area with photos of the house built by English on the site of Fawkner's Belle Vue homestead, a classified Oak tree nearby- in Oak Park of course! Wentworth House (the La Rose homestead)and so on.
To find these photos and articles, google WALKING MELBOURNE, OLD SYDNEY ROAD.)
I no longer have my Broadmeadows Shire rate transcriptions but I am almost certain that Mrs Alexander McCracken was assessed on the house in 1920.She was John Murray Peck's daughter. Alex died in 1915 and his widow probably leased their country estate, Cumberland, out; the Johnsons of Glendewar moved onto Cumberland shortly afterwards but moved back to Glendewar later,probably because the beautiful homestead (whose cost ruined George Coghill) had burnt down. She may have done the same with the North Park mansion (now the Columban mission on the Essendon side of Woodland St) and moved to the cottage so she could be close to Lebanon and her brother, Harry's "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.
LA ROSE and MORELAND.(THE DOC,THE BRIDGE, LE CATEAU ST,THE ROBERTSONS, TRINIFOUR)
Dr Farquhar McCrae took the hippocratic oath but more than one person thought he was a hippocratic oaf. One was Alphabetical Foster who horsewhipped him because the doctor had dudded him in relation to the transfer of a squatting licence for a Run near Dandenong. (Streets in Dandenong are named after both of them.)His own brother, Andrew, who held the Arthurs Seat Run near Dromana, was struggling financially but Farquhar, who had borrowed money from him, made repeated excuses instead of repayments.
Farquhar was granted land in the parish of Jika Jika, which probably extended one or two hundred metres north and south of Moreland Rd. (I'd have to check the parish map to be sure which.)He named it "Moreland" after an uncle's plantation in Jamaica. However he bought La Rose, (which if I remember correctly had already passed from the grantee to another owner)and got Bulla pioneer Michael Loeman to manage it; Loeman later leased "Moreland"for 14 years. The first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek in Moreland Rd was called the Loeman Bridge.
According to Richard Broome in BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, McCrae built the core of Wentworth House but most of it was built by Coiler Robertson. He probably only spent a few years there before the horse-whipping saw him flee to Sydney.I have a feeling that Coiler Robertson bought the property in about 1845 but he was certainly there by May, 1849, as the electoral list for the County of Bourke (P.4, Argus, 1-5-1849)shows:
Robertson, Coiler,dwelling house,La Rose,Moonee Moonee Ponds.
This is slightly earlier evidence.
Ploughing match.-The farmers on the Moonee Moonee Ponds have formed themselves into a society under the designation of the Moonee Moonee Ponds Farmers' Society, formed on the model of the Farmers' Societies in Scotland, and they have so far matured their arrangements as to have appointed Friday next, the 28th instant, for holding their first ploughing match, which is to come off on Mr Colyer Robertson's farm, La Rose, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus,25-7-1848.)
Coiler also bought land in the parish of Doutta Galla on which still stands a house named Trinifour (on the south side of Park St just west of the railway gates). I don't know if that is the house described below; my memory tells me that Coiler's son, James, built Trinafour in the 1880's. James was the brother of Peter McCracken's wife, Grace, and arriving in the colony as a brewer had probably been responsible for the success of the McCracken Brewery.Coiler had over-extended himself.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20. Preliminary Notice.
Sale of Freehold Farm, Comprising 107a. 38p.Together with The Dwelling house and Building Erected Thereon,
In tho Insolvent Estate of Coiler Robertson.
By Order of John Goodman, Esq , Official Assignee.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from John Goodman, Esq., Official Assignee, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises (lately in tho occupation of Coiler Robertson), on Thursday, November 20, at twelve o'clock,
All that piece or parcel of land in tho colony of Victoria, county of Bourke, and parish of Doutta Galla, being part of Allotment B, Section No 6, commencing at the north-west oorner of the said Allotment B, and bounded on tho north by Allotment A, containing 107a and 38p., being a line bearing east 1OO chains 35 links ; on tho east by a road one chain wide, being a line bearing south 36deg. east,11 chains 82 links; on the south by other part of tho said Allotment B, conveyed to Robert M'Cracken and Peter M'Cracken, being a line bearing west 67 chains 17 links ; and on tho west by part of Allotmont No. 4 of Section No. 7, containing 80 acres, being a lino bearlng north 10 chains to the commenclng-polnt ; containing, in fact, 107a. and 38p.
Together with the Dwellinghouse and building thereon.
(P.2, Argus, 17-11-1860.)
NOTES RE THE ADVERTISEMENT.
Robert McCracken was the brother of Peter and father of Alex McCracken, and lived (from the mid 1860's) at Ailsa on the north side of Kent St. This property was the first playing venue for the Essendon Football Club in the 1870's with the McCrackens being heavily involved,the ground probably on the area where streets bear the names of John Filson and his wife. Alex, a 17 year old Scotch College student was its first secretary and was later the foundation President of the V.F.L. from late 1896 to shortly before his death in 1915. Peter farmed on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) 1846-55 and then leased a dairy on Kensington Park (North Melbourne side of Kensington Rd,where William Samuel Cox later ran the Kensington Park Racecourse)until his Ardmillan mansion was built (on the site of 35-39 Ardmillan Rd, I presume, as Nos 35 and 37 do not exist.) Peter,a majority shareholder,with Hugh Glass, of the private Essendon Railway,had to sell Ardmillan shortly before the Government bought the railway and built the North Eastern Railway to Sydney through Strathmore/ Pascoe Vale and Campbellfield in 1872, turning Campbellfield into Broadmeadows and Broadmeadows into Westmeadows. Allotment 4 of section 7 was part of land granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor. His son,James Robertson Jnr built Aberfeldie on what had formerly been called "Spring Hill" and his daughter, Margaret, married Coiler McCracken who built Earlesbrae Hall (now Lowther Hall.You can see how historians mix up these two James Robertsons, both related to the McCrackens through marriage: James, son of Coiler of La Rose and Trinifour (the brewer),and James Jnr of Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie. Andrew Lemon confused another James Robertson (of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield) with the Upper Keilor family!
THE LA ROSE ESTATE. The increase of population and the extension of the City of Melbourne on all sides has necessitated a development of suburban settlement and a consequent occupation of land, which, a few years ago was hardly ever mentioned except perhaps in cases like La Rose when its aspect elicited an expression of admiration from some passing traveller. The estate above-mentioned has been most asiduously advertised by Messrs Munro and Baillieu, the jubileo auctioneers and if the public, do not know the ins and outs of La Rose, together with the almost ridiculously cheap terms at which it is to pass under the hammer, they must be singularly obtuse. We may, however, remind our readers of the vicinity of this charming spot, but the means of access to it have been rendered so easy that we would advise them to take a run out and see for themselves. The estate is situated on gently undulating ground sloping away in the direction of the Moonee Ponds Creek, and commanding an extensive view of Melbourne and its northern suburbs. The handsome villas and snug cottages of Essendon, are seen in close vicinity, on one hand and on the other the environs of Brunswick meet the eye while far away in the distance is the city with its spires and prominent buildings, the whole presenting a panorama which needs to be seen to be fully aprreciated. We. strongly advise our readers to follow the advice of an advertisement in another column and make themselves thoroughly au fait as regards everything connected with LaRose especially the terms which are within the reach of all. A few years ago Moonee Ponds and Essendon had only hourly trains and a scant and scattered population, and now both are two of the most prosperous suburbs round Melbourne and there is every reason to believe that La Rose will follow in their wake, and even eclipse, by reason of its picturesque situation and hygienic advantages the older suburbs as regards prosperity and popularity.(P.3,North Melbourne Advertiser,2-4-1887.)
This advertisement appeared fairly close to the peak of the land boom which came to a crashing halt because of the depression a handful of years later.The next boom was in the 1920's following W.W.1, but it was not until 2-2-1954 that development justified the opening of Pascoe Vale South State School.
This article about North Melbourne and the General Election seems to be having a dig at the La Rose Estate, so extensively advertised in 1887.
The number of ' roses' about was quite a feature. Indeed one would think that a flower show was 'on,' or that a certain estate at Pascoe Vale, which in the days of the alas now defunct boom was advertised extensively, was again in the market...(P.2,North Melbourne Advertiser, 30-3-1889.)
The first auction sale of a suburban subdivision for some years has been announced for August 16, when H. P. Knight and Co and Mr G, T. Collins, Brunswick, will submit a further complete section of La Rose Estate. West Coburg.(P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.) The subdivision, which contains 81 allotments, is close to the Bell st bus service and a few minutes from North Essendon station. (P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 10 August 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... the beloved child of Mr. John M'Caffrey, aged 6 months. ROBERTSON.-On the 9th inst., at Trinafour, Essendon, Mrs. Coiler Robertson, in her 90th year.
THE Friends of the late Mrs COILER ROBERTSON are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery The funeral will leave the residence of her son, Mr Jas. Robertson, Trinafour, Moonee Ponds, on Monday, the 12th August, at 2 o clock p.m. (P.8,Argus,12-8-1878.) Had she been living on La Rose?
The McCracken letters mention The Coiler Robertsons being in financial difficulty and leasing out their property. William McCulloch who had made his fortune as a Murray River paddle-steamer operator bought Glenroy Farm of 636 acres (stretching north from Rhodes Pde halfway to Camp Rd )in 1874. He seems to have been living at La Rose. Was it the quality of the house or the view that attracted him? Did he own it or was he leasing from the Robertsons?
It is likely that McCulloch had married a sister or daughter of John vans Agnew Bruce, who (with Cornish) had built much of the railway to Castlemaine in 1858, owned the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey between Bruce Rd and the Martha Cove Waterway and was apparently a son in law of Big Clarke.
McCULLOCH.—On the 28th inst., at La Rose, Essendon, Catherine Vans Agnew, youngest daughter of William and Catherine McCulloch, aged 10 months and 11 days. (P.4, Argus,29-4-1873.)
Well,this has me in a real tangle! Do they mean the youngest daughter of the late CoilerRobertson because James was still apparently still alive and living at Trinifour two years later.
LANGTREL—ROBERTSON.—October 28, at the Presbyterian Church, Albert Park, by the Rev. D. S. M'Eachran, assisted by the Rev. M??k, J. S. Langtrel, of Bourke, to Alexandra, youngest daughter of the late James Robertson, of La Rose, Essendon.(N.B. Coiler McCracken had moved to Bourke after losing Earlesbrae Hall. Alexandra mustn't have been very young if her mother was nearly 90!)
The Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1869 when an organisation was formed to stop the Melbourne Hunt Club trampling farmers' crops. Robert McDougall of Aitken's Estate (between today's Aberfeldie and Avondale Heights)took the chair. Reference was made to the case of Dunn v Waldock in which Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" in Tullamarine hd unsuccessfully sued Waldock, Master of the Hunt, for damage to his crops and ewes.
As the Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1969,they must have bought it from creditors or leased it from the new owners. Mr. Alfred Bliss reports the sale of La Rose estate, Moonee Ponds, consisting of 276a. 2r. 37p., for the sum of £6,018 cash ; or at the rate of £21 15s. per acre.(P.4, Argus, 31-10-1860.)
It is likely that La Rose was still an intact whole in 1933.
Reference to the Cooks being on La Rose in 1933 has been deleted because Mrs Cook (nee Bottoms)appears to have been occupying a HOUSE of that name whose address was 2 Fitzgerald Rd, Essendon.
BOOTH VERSUS BATES.
These were two strains of shorthorn cattle. Robert McDougall of Arundel in Tullamarine and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (see Airport West journal)hardly spoke to each other because Robert was a Booth advocate and Henry was a supporter of the Bates Strain. This made things difficult when they bought farms on St Johns (North Strathmore area), Henry the 300 acres near Bulla Rd and Robert the 200 acres near Pascoe Vale Rd. At least Robert had an ally close at hand, William McCulloch of La Rose and Glenroy Farm.
THE YOUNG QUEEN INN.
The preferred route to Sydney was past the Young Queen Inn. (murder, 2nd at Coburg etc.)
THE McKENZIE ORAL HISTORY. (From my KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS, Dec.,1990-not a journal.)
Jim McKenzie's parents moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale in 1937 when Jim was about 13. Peggy McKenzie(nee Holmes) was about 5 in 1935 when her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St,five years later shifting to Fawkner St a bit further up the hill.
Most of the boys had horses and many of their rides took them through Cow Dung Flats,the name they gave the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd.
Most boys had a horse by the age of 12 or 13. There were plenty of vacant blocks between the isolated houses to keep them on.Another place the boys rode their horses was Happy Valley,across the creek from Boeing Reserve.
Deliveries of milk were made with horse-drawn carts but road traffic in the 1970's caused a change to motorised transport.
FLEET ELECTRICS, on the corner of Pascoe Vale Rd and Woodland Ave, which manufactured electric ovens there before W.W.2, probably pioneered secondary industry in the area.
After leaving the army in 1947, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life and preferred outdoor work. He found a job at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd that later became the Coburg drive-in.
The area started to build up in the 1950's as a result of Arthur Caldwell's boost to immigration.
Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings each at South Melbourne market and lead them along Spencer St etc to Flemington Bridge from where he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St. Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing them out of the jinker. After being broken in, the horses were sold for two pounds each and with the brisk demand, this was a good earner.
After the war, Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracks at Westbreen, Happy Valley and alongside the narrow Hume Highway* to train them and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel at Maribyrnong. Another training venue was near the dog and cycling tracks.(*Jim would often use slow moving trucks as mobile barriers, following them on the left hand side for some distance before accelerating past them!)
Jim and his mates would often ride through Strathmore in about 1940. Dotted about the area were Mrs Barrett's dairy, Rosebank, and Lebanon, now owned by boxing writer, Jack Oates.Near the eastern end of MascomaSt, Randalls,a real estate firm,was selling house blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds.The Mills lived on the south side of the road and Jim Flood,the policeman,and his wife lived near the future site of the Strathmore North Primary School.Another policeman,Mr James,and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St. One house that Jim didn't mention was "Hiawatha" in which Harry Peck was probably hard at work writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.
On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd, Miss Roberts owned all the land from Cook's Cottage* to the garage to the south. Miss Roberts was probably a niece of Louisa Ellen Roberts (B. Bond St, London 6-6-1840, d.at Lebanon 5-7-1928) who married John Murray Peck. (*Albert Cook, Broadmeadows Shire Secretary, moved from the old shire office near the bridge in Westmeadows to this cottage in the late 1920's when the new shire hall was built on the present site on Twomey's "Glen Allan". The cottage was probably J.M.Peck's "Wannaeue". It was bulldozed without a permit and Red Rooster now occupies the site.)
As you've probably realised Jim's history of Pascoe Vale is really a history of Pascoe Vale AND MILES AROUND. The same thing happened to my histories of Tullamarine and Rosebud. Jim and his mates went several times to Sunbury in a covered wagon for a weekend spent rabbiting and fishing for redfin at Rupertswood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy was the most prominent feature at itswestern end in 1940 and still in 1970 when Jim and Peggy moved into Tasman Avenue.
HALF HOUSES were common in the years after the war and like most growing suburbs, Strathmore and Pascoe Vale had their share. Buildersactually needed a permit to obtain materials such as timber. Councils were forced to relax the regulations so that part houses could be started and finished when more materials became available. Concrete roofing was common in this era.
Peachey-Kelly Town was the locals' name for Westbreen despite District Inspector Davies coining the latter name for state school 4158. Some other residents of the area were the Toys, Marshalls, Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residents had other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners didn't mind as it kept grass down and reduced the fire hazard.
Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall near which she lived. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip ans a shilling to get into the dance.
COONAN'S HILL. This area near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Parade was another venue for training trotters. In this area there were market gardens, many run by Chinese.Reynolds Pde and other nearby streets were made using a horse and scoop.
HAY AND CORN STORES are now rare but, up to 1950, they were very common. Rationing of petrol continued for some time after W.W.2 and many cars had charcoal burners in order to keep them operating. With so many youngsters owning horses they had plenty of customers. Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" in Tullamarine had a corn store on the site of Tullamarine Primary School (which transferred there in 1960) and there was another one in
Middle St, Ascot Vale, near Mt Alexander Rd that sold shell grit for chook houses as well.
FIRST SELF-SERVICE? Harry Shell's self-service on the corner of Bell St and York St was the first shop of this type that Jim remembers.
LANDLUBBERS! When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded almost as superhuman beings. Having come from Port Melbourne, they had developed their swimming skills at the beach and hardly any of the other children could swim.
GOAT FARMS were common and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm was bounded by Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rd and Dawson St.
BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH. The Napier Park Dog Track was on the High School site and the Board Track was near the overpass. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these venues for some free entertainment.
THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND. An elderly lady lived in a house on an island in the present High School grounds. My book about the creek could not have had a better title than A TRICKLE OR A TORRENT. While normally a (Moonee Moonee) chain of ponds,levels could rise with alarming speed and the island was flood prone. With the community spirit that existed in any pioneering community, locals were concerned for her safety at such times.
The creek was straightened in the 1960's to allow freeway construction and it is likely that the High School's sinking Library was built on one of the channels that had skirted the island. This extract comes from the Strathmore Secondary College website re architect, Simon Thornton's renovations in the mid 1990's.
There have been major obstacles to Strathmore’s renovations. One significant problem facing any design is the unstable soil found across much of this site. This resulted in part from the re-aligning of the Moonee Ponds Creek which previously meandered across the site and was covered with fill in the 1960s. In order to reinforce buildings, before any construction could begin, large concrete supports had to be driven into the ground. With Simon’s buildings these supports have extended anywhere from half a metre to 12 metres below the surface.
FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE. The footbridge near Cook's Cottage was originally a swing bridge. Now as any parent or teacher will tell you little girls like to change their environment by making it prettier but little boys' attempts to mould the environment are more likely to resemble an episode of the mythbusters. A swing bridge can be made to swing like a pendulum or bounce like a trampoline, neither of which are guaranteed to do the bridge much good. The only torrent in this case came from local policeman,Jim Flood, who,as you know, lived not far away in Mascoma St. Riding a bike across the bridge was also a no no, as was riding bikes at night without lights.
TASMA THEATRE. This theatre, in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youth. Because of its construction materials,it was a real fire trap, especially as smoking was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.
KIRK'S BAZAAR. Located between the old Essendon Hotel (De Marco's,the Grand etc)and Woodlands Park over Bulla Rd from the Keilor Rd junction, Kirk's Bazaar had alare building at the front where second-hand goods of every description were sold and behind this were machinery and animals.Kirks relocated to the north side of Keilor Rd, past Matthews Ave in about 1975. The Kirks had traded in horses from Melbourne's early days.
DOD LANE. In MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952, George Lloyd wrote, in reference to Bulla Rd in Essendon:
A very old identity in those days was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry.
Jim McKenzie recalls Dod being a real character and the youth from far and wide rode over Strathmore's open, grassy hillscape with their destination being Dod's place in Dublin Ave.
My search for mentions of Dodd Lane on trove was fruitless. I had a theory that he might be a member of the family of James Lane of "Gowrie Park" in Tullamarine. Therefore, I gave up looking for Dodd Lane, (Essendon, North Essendon, Dublin St etc) and entered Lane,Gowrie Park. I struck gold!
LANE.-Died of wounds on 24th Septem-ber, somewhere in France. Corporal Arthur Ernest. the dearly loved second youngest son of James and Mary Lane. "Gowrie Park." Tullamarine, and much loved brother of Henry (on active service, Jack, Dod, Albert (on active service), Annie and Cora. (After two years' active service abroad.) He gave his life for King and country. One of Australia's best.
(P.2, Essendon Gazette and Keilor,Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter,1-11-1917.)
If I remember correctly, three sons of James and Mary Lane are recorded on Tullamarine's war memorial (moved from the Conders Lane corner,site of Tullamarine S.S.2613, to the Dalkeith Ave corner by W.V.(Major) Murphy.)
Grants Lane which left Bulla Rd in Melway 5D6 ran west to McNabs Rd. Part of the road from Ellis's Corner has been renamed Melrose Drive. Grants Rd was the boundary between the shires of Keilor, and (to the north) Bulla. Unfortunately the most recent Bulla rate book I was able to transcribe was 1914-15. It is known that James Lane still owned Gowrie Park in 1920. "The Essendon Gazette of 2 January 1920 reported that 'Mr James Lane's well-known farm at Tullamarine has been taken over for the purpose of an aerodrome and will suit splendidly for the purpose.'"(P.153, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)
Gowrie Park was section 14 of the parish of Tullamarine, bounded on the south by Grants Rd from Melway 5 B6 to 4 G5 (McNabs Rd),its north corner at the corner of Perimeter and South Glide Rds and the east end of the east-west runway just inside its north east corner. If you look west or north at the airport from the terminal building, you are looking at Gladstone Park, which was owned by the Donovans by W.W.2, when planes were parked there at night in case there was a night raid on Essendon Aerodrome. Bill Ellis bought "Ecclesfield" (at the south corner of Grants and Bulla Rds) in 1943 ,if I remember correctly,and later bought the southern, major, part of James Lane's old farm(also known as Gowrie Park) while the Donovan's retained the northern part, historically known as "Gowrie Side".
Between the south east part of Gowrie Park and Bulla Rd was a triangular 80 acre farm that was called Scone (pronounced with a long o) by pig farmer, Allan Payne. This is now occupied by the airport terminal building and Depot Rd etc.
PUBLIC NOTICES HEALTH ACT 1938.-Application for a Noxious Trade Licence.-I hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Bulla Shire Council at its next meeting, to be held on Tuesday. 8th February. 1949, for permission to ESTABLISH a NOXIOUS TRADE, viz., piggery, on premises known as Payne's, corner Bulla road and Grants lane Tullamarine. Dated 6/1/49. (Signed) ALLAN PAYNE.(P.9, Argus,10-1-1949.)
STRATHMORE SUBURBAN PIONEERS.
Wilma Hood settled at the corner of Peck Ave and Melissa St in 1958. Beth Tempany had lived on the opposite corner since 1952. Wilma told me of a Dutchman who had built a half house just down Peck Ave. Beth (in 1990) was involved in Scouting and told me the sad tale of how "Lebanon" had been dropped from the local pack's name during the conflict in the country with the same name and, to make matters worse, the Cobb and Co. coach was dropped from the badge.(Lebanon was the name of the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A., from which John Murray Peck came to establish Cobb and Co. with Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees.)
Extract from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA(not a journal.)
STRATHMORE (SECTIONS 15, 16, 23.)
This map shows subdivision of 15 by the grantees, crown allotments on 16 and two divisions of section 23 into farms (A.414 ac + Dunns Farm. B. Stevenson’s + McDougall’s).
Anyone wanting these maps etc that can't be pasted here could send me a private message with their email address and I could attach the appropriate pages to an email.
COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY LTD. REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY STREET DIRECTORY EDITION 27 WITH PERMISSION.
See Bruce Barbour’s Strathmore web site at www.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/
This was bounded by Lincoln Rd (Carnarvon Rd), Woodland St and the Moonee Ponds Creek and ran north to the southern tip of Strathmore’s home ground, Lebanon Park. Granted to E.J.Brewster, it was soon subdivided and sold. The southern 100 acres was bought in 1845 by Thomas Napier, who called it Rose Mount, renaming it Rosebank later. Napier had been a pioneer of Mulgrave in 1839 as a squatter* and in 1851 received the grant for “Niddrie” (17B). After he died, his son in law, G.P.Barber, built the Rosebank house near the original dwelling; it stands behind St. Vincent’s school. The 1900 ratebook of Broadmeadows Shire called the remaining 22 acre property “Rose Hill”. When his son, Theodore was old enough, Thomas gave him 20 acres and Magdala was built near Lincoln Rd. Just before his death, Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council; strangely the park was in the Shire of Broadmeadows! Magdala was destroyed by fire in 1927.
(* The Melbourne Story P.220.)
While reading Wilbur Smith’s “Cry Wolf”, I came across the probable origin of the name of Theodore Napier’s property. Nearly 70 years before 1935, “the British general Napier had marched on MAGDALA with less than fifty thousand men, meeting and defeating the entire Ethiopian army on the way, storming the mountain fortress and releasing the British prisoners held there…” Webster’s New International Dictionary gives the following details for the entry NAPIER OF MAGDALA: Robert Cornelis Napier, first baron, British general, 1810-1890. Magdala, south west of Lake Tana, is situated at roughly 39 degrees west and 11 degrees north.
John Murray Peck, the co-founder and action man of Cobb and Co., who was probably the first Yank to hold an official position in Aussie Rules (V.P.of Ess. F.C.), built Lebanon in 1882 and the Italianate mansion still stands in Wendora St. Lebanon was his native town near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. About a decade later, his son, Harry, built “Hiawatha”, where he wrote most of his “Memoirs of a Stockman”; this house still stands at the top of Kilburn St. Others involved in the history of section 15 were William Smith, who ran the Young Queen Inn across the bridge, William Jones, John Kernan, the Kilburns, Samuel Jackson, and William Salmon who had a farm of about 140 acres on the north side of Rosebank and Magdala. A Grammar School planned to move to section 15 in the 1920’s; this explains many of the street names such as Head St.
SECTION 15 TITLE INFORMATION.
The map on P.21 of “Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History” shows the subdivision of section 15 reasonably well, but Andrew Lemon has made several mistakes, one of which is referring to Brewster’s grant as being section 5.
His research did not reveal that Brewster bought section 15 in partnership with Philip Holland. Lemon shows a huge area between the land labelled Napier and Holland. This was part of the land conveyed to Holland when they partitioned the unsold portion of the grant. Lemon failed to show Sir John Franklin’s purchase of the northernmost 12 acres (adjoining section 23, which Franklin also owned).
*This envisaged government road was probably Pascoe Vale Rd, which was a track through paddocks to Sydney at that time; travellers made a beeline to the Young Queen Inn just north of the creek (near Bass St) and then passed through Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) This map calls Pascoe Vale Rd “Road to the Young Queen Pascoevale”.
Thomas Napier was first to buy land from Brewster, paying 320 pounds for his 100 acres on 30-12-1845. It had a frontage of 105 chains to the future Woodland St and 10 chains to the future Carnarvon Rd. Its northern boundary, running east to the Moonee Moonee Ponds, is precisely indicated by Glenbervie and Upland Rds. Two roads were reserved out of this land, with Brewster and his successors given right of passage over them. I thought the first, running north from a point 35 chains east of the s/w corner of section 15 would be Napier St, but this street is actually 42 ½ chains east, so the road would have run through Napier Park. The second was to run along the north boundary of Napier’s purchase from the first road to the creek with Brewster’s right of passage to be terminated if a government road* was opened along the western extremity of the second road within 6 or 8 chains (C 933).
On 19-2-1846, Brewster conveyed 236 acres 8 perches to his co- grantee, Philip Holland, who had received half of the proceeds from land previously sold as well as this land, conveyed for 10/-, as an act of Partition. With a western boundary of 2835 links, Holland’s land adjoined Napier’s and went north to the York/Lloyd St midline (D 20).
SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklin’s land went 295 links south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).
The E.J.Brewster 1st and 2nd series do not refer to a memorial concerning the land extending the next 8 chains (roughly) south to Peck Ave. If Andrew Lemon was right, it was purchased by William Smith.
(Luckily Doutta Galla microfiche 85 gave the title application number 13 676. The Sketch of Title under this number contained the following information. The block’s western boundary started 295 links south from the north west corner of section 15 (see frontage of Sir John Franklin’s purchase) and went another 709 1/4 links further south. Its northern and southern boundaries went east 41 chains and 5425 links respectively to the Moonee Moonee Ponds. On 4-2-1848, the same day that McCord, Jackson, Dunn and Callaghan bought their blocks to the south, Brewster sold this block to William Smith, a farmer of Glenroy.
The memorial recording this conveyance (G 460) was not listed in the Brewer index so luckily it appeared in this document. It revealed that William Smith paid L114/0/6. William Smith finally sold it to William Henry Fletcher, yoeman of Yan Yean, on 1-2-1872. The memorial listed for this conveyance (217 310) was consulted. The description of the land was perfectly copied from G 460, which failed to specify the block’s area. Fletcher paid 940 pounds, 8.25 times the price Smith had paid 24 years earlier.)
McCORD, JACKSON, DUNN, CALLAGHAN.
These men bought the land between William Smith’s purchase and the area partitioned to Philip Holland.
They bought their land on the same day as Smith (4-2-1848) and luckily, their purchases were recorded in the E.J.Brewster index.
James McCord’s 35 acres went 658 links south to a line indicated by the end of Roslyn St and cost him L110/5/- (F 81).
Samuel Jackson’s 22 acres 3 roods 9 ¼ perches went south from there 383 ¼ links to the e-w part of Loch Cres.and cost L71/15/- (F 80).
Thomas Dunn’s 62 acres and ¼ perch (2.5 m x 2.5 m) went south 1041 ¼ links to the northern boundary of Johnston Reserve and cost him L195/6/- (F 242).
Henry Callaghan bought 67 acres 2 roods and 37 ¼ perches extending south to the York/Lloyd St midline, where it adjoined the land partitioned to Holland, for L237/1/- (F 167).
Further information about the ownership of these blocks and some of the pioneers. Sketch of title 16466 reveals that Brewster subdivided his post-partition land into four blocks, each having a western boundary of 1041 ¼ links. However lot 4 was sold in two parts (Franklin and Smith) as was lot 3 (McCord and Jackson.) Franklin and Smith’s blocks had a combined western boundary of only 1004 ¼ links, which necessitated a special survey in sketch of title 16466.
FRANKLIN’S 12 ACRES. This obviously became, with William Smith’s purchase, part of John Murray Peck’s “Lebanon”. The total of the two, which comprised lot 4 of Brewster’s post-partition subdivision, was about the 34 acres that Lebanon’s owners were assessed on over the years. Neither the 1st nor 2nd series index for Sir John Franklin mentions any sale of his 12 acres. I checked the index for Archibald McLachlan and Frederick Armand Powlett, who acted as his agents at various times. I checked the index for Dame Jane Franklin. There was no mention of this part of section 15, Doutta Galla! In desperation, I returned to the ground floor and consulted Doutta Galla microfiche 85 again.
There I saw 46645s and was partly rewarded when I raced up to the 6th floor to try application 46645. The search certificate referred to Sir John’s purchase of the northern 295 links of section 15 but there was no sketch of title. The search certificate referred to the land being fenced in 1882. This was probably done by John Murray Peck, who had bought William Smith’s original purchase and established “Lebanon”. I think Peck noticed that nobody used the land between his 22? acres and section 23, so he just started using it as if he owned it. Broadmeadows Shire was receiving rates on his whole 34 acres so there would have been no question of his right to use Franklin’s land. Indeed, in 1879-80, Hugh Peck may have been occupying Franklin and Smith’s purchases when he was assessed on 34 acres; names were listed alphabetically and Peck’s name appears where the name of W.H.Fletcher would be expected to be. J.M. Peck died on 19-11-1903 and he does not seem to have been listed in Broadmeadows’ 1899-1900 rate book. It was probably at this time that the Pecks realised that their lack of title to the 12 acre block would be discovered. Did they just abandon it?
In 1879, John Morgan English, had bought Belle Vue ( renamed Oak Park and separated from Franklin’s land only by the creek and Lebanon Reserve) after the death of Fawkner’s widow, Eliza, and converted Fawkner’s single storey weatherboard house into the double storey mansion still standing at the top of Oak Park Court. He leased out the farm to his relatives, the Morgans and Mrs Morgan’s mother, Mary Knight but was still involved in the area, purchasing the 200 acre eastern part of section 23, which adjoined Franklin’s 12 acres. He seems to have done the same as I suspect Peck did earlier and, in 1902, just squatted on the land and paid the rates. In 1926, J.M.English applied for the title to Franklin’s land.. (Application 46645, Broadmeadows Rates.)
In 1920-1, Louisa Ellen, the widow of J.M.Peck had 38 acres, which probably consisted of lot 4 (Franklin and Smith’s purchases from Brewster) plus about 4 acres of subdivision lots in the Byron Vale Estate or another estate nearby.
Why didn’t Franklin sell the 12 acres when the section 23 land was sold? My guess is that he and his heirs (and the titles office) forgot that this land was on a separate title to the St Johns Estate. If he’d left his land to his wife, Dame Jane Franklin, she might have been aware that the 12 acres existed. However he seems to have punished Jane for not bearing him a son. He left her only her clothes and gave the rest of his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This daughter had probably never been to Australia.
The confusion seems to have set in when a man named Dunn leased a 123 acre farm from Sir John. He was followed by Elizabeth Guest prior to 1862 but the 123 acre farm was still called “Dunn’s Farm”. As explained in bold type under section 23, Dunn’s Farm must have included the 12 acres (adjoining section 23) at the northern end of section 15. This lessee could have been Thomas Dunn of section 15 or Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint in Tullamarine.
When the 123 acre Dunn’s Farm was leased to Henry Mawbey for 5 years on 17-2-1862, it was wrongly described as being entirely in section 23. Significantly no boundaries of the farm were described in the memorial! (121 455).
I had intended to include a copy of Sketch of Title 46645 but the clerk’s scribble is so illegible that readers would not be able to make head or tail of it. Here’s what it says.
46645. John M.English.
Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.
Claim by possession.
L.R.O. Sir John Franklin
(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.
John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application
(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)
(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of “200 acres Doutta Galla” owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kelly’s former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.
His application states (inter alia)
That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed
That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923
He occupies under Co lease-
That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:
All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.
Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.
19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck
456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A
(Of course the future author of “Memoirs of a Stockman” should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)
He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.
WILLIAM SMITH’S PURCHASE. (Lebanon).
Andrew Lemon states that, in 1874, William Jones bought William Smith’s properties, about 21 acres on the north of the creek and a similar area on the south. (P.75.) The 1879-80 Broadmeadows rate book lists William Jones as the owner and occupier of 20 acres at Pascoe Vale, but as this was in the Campbellfield riding it would have been north of the bridge. This was probably the land he bought from Mr Heron in about 1865, and on which he was harvesting 2 tons of hay per acre in 1888 (Victoria & Its Metropolis P.704). The rate collector made no mention of Jones having about 20 acres south of the creek, unless my transcription was faulty.
The owners of Smith’s purchase.
William Smith (not the man associated with Flemington and Moonee Ponds, P.697 Vic. & Its Metrop.) bought the Young Queen Inn from John Watson in December 1842. The inn, being on the most popular of the three routes to Sydney until the Broadmeadows Township bridge was built in 1854(Lemon P.17.) This was on lot 3 of Pascoeville, consisting of 1 acre 2 roods and 5 perches, on the s/w side of the government (Pascoe Vale) road. Lot 4 was s/e of it, probably fronting the creek and lot 2 was n/w of it. The south west boundary was a lane leading from Sparke St to the Moonee Moonee Ponds (Sydney 1523). This memorial, detailing the sale of lot 3 by the hotel’s builder, Edward Butler, to Watson on 29 and 31 May 1841, unfortunately gives no measurements but I think Sparke St would have been near Marks St if all blocks were about 1 ½ acres. Fate might have decreed that Smith would never purchase his block from Brewster in 1848. He was charged with the manslaughter of his servant, Joseph Plant, in 1847 but he was acquitted. (“Between Two Creeks” Richard Broome.)
William Henry Fletcher.
It is unknown whether this was the same man after whom Fletcher St in Essendon was named. The latter was granted land including the Target store at Highpoint (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility), 260 acres between Maribyrnong-Ormond Rd and a line indicated by Gladstone St- stretching from Scotia St to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and south of this the 320 acre triangle bounded by Epsom and Ascot Vale Rds. Surely he would describe himself as a gentleman rather than a yoeman.
John Murray Peck.
Arriving in 1854, at the age of 21, with three other young Yanks (Freeman Cobb etc.), Peck was the “action man” who could drive huge teams of horses on the Cobb & Co line that soon opened to Castlemaine. His powerful voice and commanding presence later established him as Australia’s foremost auctioneer of fat cattle. Before moving to section 15, Peck lived at “Mascoma” in Ascot Vale. (See volume 2.) His family pioneered the area in New Hampshire, U.S.A. near the Mascoma River where the town of Lebanon sprang up. Peck, his London-born wife and their son, Harry Huntinton Peck were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery.
In the Essendon Conservation Study (Call No. 720.288099 BUT), Graeme Butler confirms some of the title information I have supplied, apart from calling William Smith “John”. In his entry for “Lebanon”, Butler states that Smith lost the property surrounding the house to William Fletcher via a series of mortgages in 1872. Fletcher converted the title to Torrens in 1881 and J,M.Peck bought 40 acres soon afterwards*.
John Murray Peck built Lebanon (still standing in Wendora St ) in about 1882.
*As Lebanon consisted of 34 acres, it must have included Sir John Franklin’s 12 acres between Smith’s land and section 23. The Broadmeadows rate book did not state that Peck was leasing the 12 acres so I can only assume that the co-founder of Cobb and Co had just squatted on it and paid the rates, as J.M.English did from 1902. (See details under “Franklin’s 12 Acres”.)
This land includes the Red Rooster site, where stood the illegally demolished “Cook’s Homestead”. This name was bestowed on the house by Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930’s, such as the late Jim McKenzie and his future wife Peggy, because it was owned by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary Albert Cook. (See Kilts and Cow Dung Flats.) Its name was actually Wanganui, and it was said to have been built by J.M.Peck of Lebanon. (Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index P.37.) Peggy McKenzie told me that a Miss Roberts owned the Wanganui land (south to the garage site); she was probably related to J.M.Peck, whose wife, born in Bond St, London on 6-6-1840, was Louisa Ellen Roberts. (Gravestone, Will Will Rook cemetery.)
McCORD’S 35 ACRES.
McCord mortgaged this to Thomas Clark for 70 pounds on 1-5-1849 (G 437), and to Charles Payne for 100 pounds on 28-6-1850 (1 997). On 20-4-1853, a memorial entitled “releases to uses” recorded that Thomas Dunn paid McCord L5450 (X 221). This obviously gave ownership to Dunn, who mortgaged the 35 acres to McCord for 2000 pounds on 17-4-1853, three days before the releases to uses was memorialised (Y922).
On 15-5-1854, the 2000 pounds having been repaid, the 35 acre lot was reconveyed to Thomas Dunn
(12 17). Dunn now owned his original purchase of 62 1/640 acres plus McCord’s 35 acres and five days later, on 20-5 1854, he mortgaged both to Thomas Clark for 2200 pounds (12 20).
Dunn lost both properties to Clark, who sold the part of McCord’s portion of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson on 18-3-1857. A quarter of a century later, on 8-9-1882. William Lynch signed a contract with Jackson’s agent to buy 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches for 1500 pounds. As McCord and Jackson’s original purchases total 57 acres 3 roods and 9 1/4 perches, Lynch probably bought only the part of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd. (Sketch of title 16466).
On 4-6-1856, Thomas Clark conveyed that part of McCord’s original purchase east of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson. John Kernan, who started leasing Merai Farm (between Gaffney St and Devon Rd) from H.G.Ashurst during that year, had obviously contracted earlier to buy from Clark. Kernan directed, as an intermediate buyer, that the land be conveyed to Jackson. This land had a frontage of 625 links to the private road* and the average of the north and south boundaries was 550 links. This equates to 3.4 acres so it is probably the 3 acres 1 rood and 5 perches that Samuel Jackson’s agent contracted to sell to Elizabeth Cochran (sic) for 600 pounds. This agreement was dated 23-5-1882. The land is recorded only as being in Doutta Galla and the unfortunate clerk compiling the sketch of title wrote, “Where is this?”
Elizabeth Cochrane (the spelling used on the search certificate) had become the wife of Edward Egbert Welby by the time she applied for the title, which was issued on 2-5-1884. (Application 16359.) She was probably the widow of John Cochrane, who had leased Glenroy Farm (between Rhodes Pde and Hilton St) from the Kennedys from 1853 until 1874, when it was sold to William McCulloch.
(“The Stopover That Stayed” G.Aldous, “Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History” A.Lemon.)
In the Essendon Conservation Study, Graeme Butler states that this land was subdivided as the Byron Vale Estate, declared by A.W.Craven in 1886. Because of the 1890’s depression, this subdivision fizzled, like so many others.
In 1920-1, Harry Peck of Hiawatha (top of Kilburn St) owned 5 acres on which his house stood (probably the whole south side of Kilburn St), 20 acres adjoining Lebanon (Jackson’s purchase from Brewer?) and, with his brother Richard, 18 acres at the Carnarvon Rd end of this estate. As George Gibson had 5 acres and Ralph Lind a house and land (possibly 5 or 7 acres), the 20 acres had to be Jackson’s purchase.
(* The private road was Pascoe Vale Rd, which despite being the main route to Sydney in early days and retaining the name of Old Sydney Rd for many decades, had never been declared a government road. It looks as if Brewster’s expectations of 1845 were never realised. See Napier’s purchase details.)
JACKSON’S 22 13/16 ACRES.
In “Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History”, Andrew Lemon states that William Lynch paid Samuel Jackson L1500 for 51 acres close to Pascoe Vale station on the Strathmore side, in 1882. Broadmeadows’ rate book of 1879-80 shows that Joseph Nixon had just replaced Samuel Jackson as the occupant of 40 acres in Doutta Galla and Jackson himself was assessed on houses and 15 acres in Doutta Galla.
The entry for Mrs Ellen Jackson on P.704 of Victoria and Its Metropolis shows that in 1888 Sam’s widow was living on 18 ½ acres at Essendon. A gardener, Sam followed this trade for a while after his arrival before taking to farming on 52 acres of purchased land. The 52 acres (actually 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches) seems to have been that part of McCord and Jackson’s original purchases west of Pascoe Vale Rd. The details of Samuel Jackson’s acquisition of the northern 658 links of lot 3 and his conveyances to Lynch and Mrs Cochrane in 1882 are given under the previous heading.
DUNN’S 62 ACRES AND ¼ PERCH (2 ½ M X 2 ½ M).
Apparently from 20-4-1853, Dunn also owned McCord’s 35 acres and the last mention in the 1st series index was of Dunn mortgaging both to Thomas Clark as mentioned above. This land was lot 2 of Brewster’s post –partition subdivision and was to pass into the hands of Clark, Michael Brown (11-3-1856) and John Kent Pow (22-7- 1863). Pow mortgaged it to his northern neighbour, Samuel Jackson on 22-2-1865 and it was reconveyed to him on 24-7-1868. On 8-10-1870, Pow sold it to Douglas Thomas Kilburn of Essendon for 1200 pounds. Kilburn, the grantee of much of Hugh Glass’s Flemington Estate and the 163 ¾ acres across Keilor Rd from Springfield had recently bought 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and named it Fairfield. D.T.Kilburn died on 10-3-1871. His will of 19-11-1870 appointed his wife, Anna Maria, and Edmund Augustus Cartwright as executors. The title was issued to Anna Maria Kilburn on 4-4-1887. (Application 21915.) Andrew Lemon gives the impression (P.77) that Buzzards sold lot 2 in 1886, but surely the title would have to be issued first! Despite this discrepancy, Lemon gives a good description of the property, which consisted of 56 acres west of Pascoe Vale Rd and 6 acres on the creek side of the road. The sand was probably being extracted from the creek by Michael Fox, who continued to do so for many decades (as described in George Lloyd’s “Mickleham Rd: 1920-52”), despite his acquisition of 18 C and D, Doutta Galla and “Barbiston” at Tullamarine.
Like Byron Vale, this subdivision fizzled. In 1920-1, subdivision was being tried again, obviously by Mrs Emily Lind and Ralph Lind. The Pascoe Vale Estate had frontages to Lind St, Vernon St, Hood St (demolished for the freeway C 1967) and Lincoln St (Carnarvon Rd).
CALLAGHAN’S 67 ¾ (ALMOST) ACRES.
Callaghan’s land was lot 1 of Brewster’s post-partition subdivision. All four lots had 1041 ¼ link western boundaries, the difference in their areas being caused by the course of the Moonee Ponds.
The 1st series index for Callaghan mentions two memorials which I presume are mortgages.
4 388. Thomas Napier paid 1000 pounds to Callaghan on 28-11-1853.
69 901. Mary McLachlin paid 700 pounds to Callaghan on 9-10-1858.
Broadmeadows’ ratebook of 1863 shows that Patrick Callaghan was owner and occupier of a house and land (nett annual value L22) and was leasing a basic house to Bridget Murphy. Lawrence McLachlan (Mary’s son?) was leasing a farm (N.A.V. L46) from John Kernan.
The 1920-1 ratebook reveals that the Callaghan family was still involved in the area. Mrs M and Frank Callaghan were named in connection with the Sunrise Estate (between the Essendon Hill and Terminus estates).
Sketch of Title 370 reveals that the property was also mortgaged to Thomas Napier (4 388, reconveyed 50 845). The mortgage to Mary McLachlan was transferred to John Badcock and John Guthrie (111 275), with the property then being reconveyed to Patrick Callaghan on 11-7-1863 (137 387). Three days later Patrick Callaghan conveyed the land to John Kernan (130 388)*. Broadmeadows’ rate book of 1879-80 shows that James G.Brisbane was leasing 320 acres in Doutta Galla from John Kernan. Andrew Lemon’s map shows that Callaghan and Holland’s purchases were later owned by John Kernan; their total area is 303 ¾ acres so only 16 acres of this leased land need to be accounted for.
(* On 9-4-1864 John Kernan bought 6 acres 3 roods 3 perches in Doutta Galla and part of section 142 Jika Jika from the Callaghans (138 94). Patrick Callaghan was Henry’s son and heir. The Jika Jika land was part of the Bolingbroke Estate across the creek from the Callaghan/ Holland purchases. This explains why Kernan St and Kernan Ave are only 840 metres from each other.)
PHILLIP HOLLAND’S 236.05 ACRES.
On 11-8-1846, Holland leased this land to R.MacNamara and Duncan Cameron for 100 pounds paid before sealing and a rent of 70 pounds p.a. (D 376).
On 5-4-1852 Holland sold the land to James William Dunbar for 608 pounds. As Mary MacNamara and Duncan Cameron were named as the parties of the second part, I presume they were still leasing the land(P 635).
The MacNamara name was associated with the area for a long time and a street name in Airport West recalls this. The Camerons were early lessees on “Glenroy” (sections 6 and 1 Will Will Rook, 2313 acres), which they were said to have named. The Dunbar name was associated with the Moonee Ponds (Dean’s) and Flemington Hotels.
Edward James Kernan’s application for title (21650) indicates that I may have misread Dunbar’s purchase. The lease of 11-8-1846 had included the option for Robert McNamara and Duncan Cameron to purchase the 236 and a bit acres. On 11-12-1852, this option was exercised despite Robert McNamara having died. The land was partitioned with the McNamaras taking the northern 1285 links and the Camerons the southern 1550 links. The boundary between the two is the Kernan St/ Henshall Rd midline and explains the bends in Bournian and Collegian Avenues. The McNamara land was conveyed by Robert McNamara’s widow, Mary, to her sons Matthew and Joseph on 27-4-1853. Mary McNamara was about to marry John Kernan. The McNamara land , north to the York/ Lloyd St midline (which explains the other bends in those two streets) was lost to the Bank of New South Wales, which sold it to John Kernan on 3-9-1875.
The Cameron land, south to Glenbervie/Upland Rd, passed into the hands of Thomas Knight Bennett, who sold it to John Kernan on 20-9-1873 for 2634 pounds. Kernan mortgaged it to Josh Henry Kay who died. John Kernan also died, on 6-1-1877. He left no will but on 29-3-1877, probate was granted to his widow Mary and John Kernan (junior). On 22-6-1877, Kay’s executors reconveyed the land to John Kernan’s executors. The land was mortgaged to John Kernan’s great mate, Michael Loeman of Bulla, on 17-2-1880 and despite the mortgage apparently not being paid off, Loeman agreed to Edward James Kernan’s application to apply the certificate (of title) to himself.
Three interesting details found in sketch of title 21650 are:
(a)Edward James, Mary Jane, Mary and John Jun. were the only Next of Kin of John Kernan.
(b)Pascoe Vale Rd was called “Road to the Young Queen, Pascoevale.”
(c)This could be a mistake but Bulla Rd might have originally branched off Napier St and is shown meeting the future Mawbey Rd / Lincoln St/ Carnarvon Rd near Alf Pearce Park. It was called “Road from the Springs to Melbourne”. This could be correct as even in Tullamarine the “Old Mt Macedon Rd” did not follow the present course of Melrose Drive; in 1844 it was west of Barrie Rd on section 21, Doutta Galla, where William and John Foster established “The Springs”.
This is the map shown on sketch of title 21650.
NAPIER’S 100 ACRES. (Without repeating too much of information already on Bruce’s web site.)
Thomas Napier called his farm Rose Mount in 1847 but the mount or Napier’s perception of its height shrank so that the name was adapted to Rosebank. Thomas gave the western end of the farm to his son, Theodore, who named this portion Magdala. At the time of Thomas’s death in 1881, Magdala consisted of 20 acres (east only to a point opposite Salmon Ave) and did not include Napier Park, which he donated on 20-8-1920. In 1900, Magdala was still only 20 acres and was being leased by John Scott. In 1920-1, obviously after the donation had been deducted, Magdala consisted of 33 acres extending east to Noble Ave, and was occupied by Theodore. Before the donation, Magdala would have comprised 43 acres.
Thomas Napier’s widow remained in the stone and brick house (apparently just west of the later mansion) on 23 acres until the property passed to her daughter Eleanor in about 1891. During the next two years Eleanore’s husband, George Page Barber, built the house at the n/w corner of St Vincents. The 1899-1900 rate book of Broadmeadows Shire assessed the nett annual value of the house at 200 pounds, ten or 20 times as much as most houses. Eleanore Barber’s “Rosehill”, 22 acres surrounding the house, had a N.A.V. of only 50 pounds; it would be far more valuable than the well-kept mansion today.
Barber died on 26-3-1914 and Eleanore two days later. Their son, Dr Norman Charles Barber subdivided the property as the Rosebank estate.
(Essendon Conservation Study, 1847 directory, rates, “Annals of Essendon” R.W.Chalmers.)
In 1879-80, Thomas Napier was listed as the occupier of 80 acres. Ten acres of this, immediately across the Moonee Ponds Creek from La Rose, seems to have been traditionally leased by the occupants of that 270 acre farm. On 13-10-1873, Thomas Napier agreed to lease this land to William McCulloch from 1-8-1873 for three years at a rent of 10 pounds p.a. The land had been previously occupied by James Robertson, owner of La Rose, who had leased his farm to McCulloch. It is unlikely that McCulloch of riverboat fame saw out the lease as he bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedy’s widow in the next year or so.(Search 8066E, McCracken letters). Because the part of Rosebank between the railway and creek is split among four Melway maps it is difficult to calculate its area. However, using the south and north boundaries of 10 and 29 chains (obtained by deduction from dimensions in memorials), I have reckoned it as 4.5 + 10 + 4.5 acres.
In 1920-1, Mrs A.Walker was leasing 20 acres, on the creek and on the north side of Woodlands St, from Willy, close enough to my calculated 19 acres. Apart from the Rosebank estate, also listed in Woodland St were: Harry Hudson, house and land and Michael J.White 22 acres* and a house and 15/2? acres. Magdala was 33 acres, the park 10 acres, Mrs Walker had 20 acres, White had 22 acres and the last confused entry should be 15 acres; these add up exactly to the 100 acres purchased from Brewer 75 years earlier.
(* The same land Eleanore Barber had in 1900.White was either leasing the land or an agent for Barber.)
The first map, part of the 1860 Geological Survey, shows different allotment boundaries to those existing when section 16 was alienated in 1862 (n/e of Bulla Rd)and 1865.
This was the old Town Common. It was surrounded by Treadwell Rd, the latitude of English St (Mawbey’s Lane), Mawbey Rd ( later called Lincoln Rd or St, now Carnarvon Rd) and Keilor Rd. Mawbey Rd, shown on the eastern boundary of section 15 in sketch of title 16466 of about 1882 and still known by that name in 1942 according to Harry Peck, ran along the eastern boundary to St Johns where John Mawby was leasing land from Lady Franklin in 1863. Search Certificate 11578 of 1890 shows that Mawbey’s Lane ran between section 16 and section 23 to the north. (See section 23.)
These maps, from the sources specified above, show Mawbey’s Rd and Mawbey’s Lane.
The portion of section 16 east of Bulla Rd., in the Broadmeadows Road District, was sold in 1862 with W.Williams buying 8 of the 13 blocks of roughly 20 acres. His land occupied most of the area (between the N-S runway and Carnarvon-Arvon Rds) north of the freeway and south of the latitude of English St, which is the northern boundary of section 16.
Lot 13 (of 14 ½ acres) bounded by Bulla Rd., Woodland St. and the eastern section boundary, Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.), went north far enough to include the Cranwell Ave. houseblocks. In 1863, Townsend Somerville, was leasing it from the grantee, R.Chance, and in 1879-80, Sommerville was rated on land with the same value as Theodore Napier’s nearby 20 acre Magdala. “House Names of Essendon” calls Berrena, the “home” in 1882 of Essendon’s Clerk of Courts and Electoral Registrar but this might have been the name of a building in which his office was located. Commenting on Somerville’s death, the Essendon Gazette of 10-9-1891 stated that he’d lived on his Essendon property “Summerhill” for 40 years. Why was his name so seldom listed in directories for Essendon and never for Moonee Ponds (except as follows) and Ascot Vale? It is known that he spent the last two years of his life at present No. 26 Ardmillan Rd., Moonee Ponds, probably to be near a doctor. The 1888 directory for Essendon has him listed under Deep Creek Road as follows:
Mt.Alexander Rd. John Bruce (west side), Keating brick yard, Lincoln Rd., W.T.Kendall vet. Surgeon, Robert Spivey, Townsend Somerville.
There is fair evidence that lot 13 was “Summerhill”. It is likely that, in 1920-1, the house and 14 acre property was owned by Edward Wood. He was possibly a son of Mary Wood who had owned the nearby Essendon Hotel* for over half a century when she died on 26-4-1906. (* the Grand presently, formerly De Marco’s.) For Somerville to have lived on lot 13 since 1851, he would have had to have leased the land from a squatter such as John Foster before the town common was declared and then been allowed to continue his occupancy by Chance from 22-7-1862. Certainly this location was handy to Keilor where he, as Clerk, and Charles Shuter, as Police Magistrate, conducted the Court of Petty Sessions every Tuesday in 1868. The courthouse later became the Shire Hall.
Incidentally the bends in the streets either side of Bulla Rd. (at Kerferd St. to the west and in the middle of Dublin Ave. etc.) were caused by a diamond shape in the subdivision plan, the northern half of it covered now by the airport.
Broadmeadows Road Board/Shire extended south to Woodland St on the eastern side of Bulla Rd (until 1979). By 1863, it seems that the Franklins had bought land in section 16. As Young and Morby (sic) were wholly occupying section 23, the farm (N.A.V. 90 pounds) that James Smith was leasing from Lady Franklin had to be in section 16. Williams still had land (N.A.V. 72 pounds and leased to Alex. Kearney), J.T.Smith had the 19 ½ acres between the walking track and Carnarvon Rd, and Sommerville was leasing quite some house (N.A.V. 27 pounds) on the 14 ½ acres (now bisected by Wood St) owned by R.Chance.
In 1880, Thomas Kelly had land (N.A.V. 134 pounds) in the “Essendon Division”. This was not the eastern part of section 23 because Robert McDougall was occupying that 200 acres (which Kelly had leased from 1871 and bought in 1875) so it had to be on section 16. Sommerville had bought Chance’s grant, which now had a N.A.V. of 50 pounds.
By 1900, Henry Carr had bought 44 acres on Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd. Michael Fox, a contractor of Keilor, had a small block on Essendon Hill, where he probably kept the horses and drays used to carry the sand he obtained from the Moonee Ponds Creek. Martin Delaney, also a contractor, was leasing 20 acres (lot 10, i.e.Alf Pearce Park) from J.Lyons. Jane Anderson and dairyman, Alfred Smith, also had small blocks. The rate collector only seems to account for about 70 of the 230 or so acres in the Broadmeadows portion of section 16.
The 1920 rates show that John S.Kelly (of Blair & Sons, Melb.) had 199 acres, Edward Wood the 14 acres bisected by Wood St and Thomas Lyons the 20 acres including A.Pearce Park. This rate collector, with the aid of geographical instead of alphabetical listings, was able to account for all of section 16 within the shire.
The confusion in 1900 might have been caused by subdivision. First Avenue, on lots 10 and 9 (both granted to Williams), was declared a Public Highway on 27-5-1887. Second Ave, obliterated by the freeway, was obviously part of the same subdivision. Due to the 1890’s depression, the subdivision probably failed and much of the land would have been vacant.
The western part of section 16, under Keilor road board/ shire from 1863, seems to have been subdivided twice. The 1860 survey map (see start of section 16) shows it divided into lots 1-9 and 20 south of a road leaving Bulla Rd opposite Woodland St and running (parallel to Keilor Rd) almost to Treadwell Rd. It met another road running from the Keilor/ Treadwell Rd corner to the corner of English and Bulla (Wirraway) Rds, which separated lot 23 (adjoining 17B or “Niddrie”) and lot 22 which contained road metal quarries. Lot 25 takes in the area of Royal Ave and lot 24 the Orange Grove area. I presume lots 10-19 etc were to be on the east (Broad-meadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd. The Keilor Shire part of section 16 may have been sold three years later than the eastern half because the quarries on lot 22 were still required. (Perhaps until the quarry on William Dewar’s Glendewar at Tullamarine could supply enough “Dewar’s metal” to use on Bulla Rd. as the Keilor Roads Board had requested on 24-8-1867.)
Again in blocks of about 20 acres, continuing the “diamond inside a quadrilateral” pattern, and with Treadwell (Nomad) Rd. as its western boundary, the Keilor portion was sold to five men in 1865*. South of the freeway course, fiery and recently deposed Essendon councillor, B.J.Cooke bought the blocks fronting Keilor Rd. to about Birdwood Ave. and Dr. J.Harbinson, from Northern Ireland bought all the blocks on the northern side of Kerferd St and fronting Bulla Rd. Much of Cooke’s land became the Devonshire estate where streets were named after Premiers. The next few streets west were probably named just after the Prince of Wales’ visit in 1920. Officers of his ship, the Renown, planted pine trees along the river near Aberfeldie Park. Field Marshall Birdwood commanded Australian troops early in W.W.1. The land between Bulla Rd and Kerferd Rd was sold as the Royal Gardens Estate.
The land north of the freeway was bought by D.Mairs (see journals re Blackwood and Bittern) , T.G.Anderson, and Samuel Mansfield from Tullamarine. Mansfield farmed there for many decades. Sam had blocks between Birdwood Ave. and Treadwell Rd. as well, with the farmhouse near the s.w. corner of the airport. Mairs received the grants for about 73 acres between the intersection of the two runways and (almost) Vaughan St. By 1900, Walter Aitken was leasing (possibly from John English) a total of 113 acres. This land consisted of lots 29 and 32 (north of where eastbound Calder Freeway traffic tries to merge, granted to Anderson) and 31, 33-36 (Mairs’ grant). C.Aitken had been farming the same 113 acres in 1893.
The western 17 chains or 340 metres of the airport are part of “Niddrie”. (See 17B.)
This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St.John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres and in 1863 leased three farms to men such as John Morby*. Later Henry Stevenson of “Niddrie” bought 300 acres called St. Johns and Robert McDougall of Arundel had 200 acres to the east. John Hall was supposed to have owned part of section 23 north of an easterly extension of Moore St as part of South Wait according to a parish map but this could not be possible. Early this century, when Gordon Connor was being taken from Moonee Ponds to his Grandma Nash’s Tullamarine farm every Christmas, Cam Taylor’s St. Johns was always green in summer because of Essendon’s nightsoil being dumped there. Jack Howse had South Wait, between Bulla Rd and the n/w part of section 23, on which he had a slaughteryard. On 3-8-1921, John George Taylor, probably Cam’s father, sold 91 acres of St. John’s to the Commonwealth Government. A 15 acre lot on section 16 was also purchased to enable sufficient length for the runway and eight days later St. John’s Field opened. On 7-8-1923, it was given the official title of Essendon Aerodrome. Cameron and J.G.Taylor might have been related to G.W.Taylor, who bought many properties in the late 1880’s north of section 23, in the hope that a railway to Bulla would follow Bulla Rd; in case it hugged the west bank of the Saltwater River, he also bought section 18 land.
(* This spelling was used in Broadmeadows’ 1863 ratebook. Harry Peck spells it Mawby. The 1866 and 1871 Kensington directories, and title documents, spell the name Mawbey. Mawbey or Mawbey’s Rd was an early name for Carnarvon Rd and was still being used in 1940 according to Harry Peck. Mawbey’s Rd is shown on sketch of title 16466 of about 1882.) Mawbey’s Lane separated sections 16 and 23.
Section 23 is east of Vickers Ave and north of English St with its s/e corner indicated by Lebanon Reserve. It was granted to Major George Frederick Berkley St John on 22-2-1843 and the part east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. St John’s corruption, as a police Magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, was exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner, his neighbour north east of the creek. According to C.P.Billot in “The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner”, St John sued Fawkner for libel in 1848 and won the case. However the costs awarded against Fawkner amounted to peanuts and embarrassment caused St John to resign his position.
Incidentally Billot manages to spell Berkeley a bit better than the titles office clerk responsible for search certificate 11578.
Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).
On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to “Nursery Corner”. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunn’s Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunn’s farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.
Running from the present Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, this section 15 land ran 295 links south from the Lebanon/Amar St corner to the Lebanon/ Melissa St corner. Franklin bought it from E.J.Brewster on 15-2-1847 for 48 pounds. Because the block was always referred to as part of section 23, there is no sketch of title in J.M.English’s application for title No.46645. When Franklin died he gave Dame Jane, who had borne him no children, only her clothes and left his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This 12 acre block was fenced in 1882, possibly by John Murray Peck, but was never sold by Franklin. English claimed title through long occupation.
On 16-2-1863, Thomas Henry Lawson Young agreed to lease 419 ¼ acres at 294 ¾ pounds p.a. Young obviously did not see out the lease as on 1-6-1871 Henry Mawby bought 525 acres from Dame Jane Franklin. Earlier on 28-2-1871, Mawbey had memorialised a lease in duplicate in which Thomas Kelly agreed to pay him 200 pounds p.a. for 5 years for 200 acres (poorly described but probably the land later occupied by Robert McDougall.)
On 28-6-1871, Mawbey mortgaged section 23 to Bishop Charles Perry for 2500 pounds. By 9-10-1873, Mawbey was forced to mortgage it (now 521 acres) to Tondeur and Lempriere. He was now a meat preserver at Warrnambool and Mawbey, Collins & Co. owed money to the Melbourne merchants. Mawbey conveyed the 525 acres to Lempriere for 5645 pounds on 23-7-1874 and on 23-1-1875 his mortgage was cleared. On 23-2-1875, William George Lempriere leased 310 acres 23 perches (St Johns Farm) to Thomas Kelly and mortgaged this farm and the triangular 26 acre 1 rood 20 perches (the s/w corner of section 23 on the other side of Bulla Rd) to Joseph Henry Kay for 4000 pounds. On the same day, Thomas Kelly surrendered the lease on 200 acres (from Henry Mawby) that was memorialised on 21-2-1871. The lease had been intended to run for another year. Vol. 246 folio 901 memorialises a conveyance in fee of the next day in which Thomas Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 ½ acres of section 23. On the next day (25th), Kelly mortgaged this 206 ½ acre twice to Lempriere and his partner, Andrew Murray of Wool Wool (near Larpent) for 3500 pounds (V.246 f.902) and 1074 pounds 18 shillings (V.246 f.903).
Henry Stevenson paid Lempriere L7066/17/- on 23-3-1877 for St Johns Farm (310 acres) and the 26 and a bit acres at the s/w corner of section 23. By 1920 Cam Taylor was farming St Johns whose grass was green in the driest summer because of Essendon’s nightsoil. J.G.Taylor sold part of the farm to the government for Essendon Aerodrome not long after.
Lempriere’s sale of the eastern 206 ½ acres to Kelly seems to have been short-lived as, on 20-8-1880, Lempriere transferred the mortgage on this farm to John Ware from whom he received 3500 pounds.
Although no memorial has been found, Lempriere, or perhaps Kelly, seems to have sold or leased this land shortly afterwards to Robert McDougall who was assessed on “200 acres, Doutta Galla” in 1879-80.
Broadmeadows’ rates of 1899-1900 show that it was owned by the Hodgson executors and had been farmed, along with Oak Park, by Robert Bryant and then Alexander Robertson who had just replaced him. (A parish map of about 1890 shows that Hodgson had 225 acres and Stevenson’s “St Johns” was now only 300 acres. It wrongly had the north western 1/3 of section 23 labelled John Hall; Stevenson and Hodgson’s land totalled 525 acres, exactly the acreage of the part of section 23 n/e of Bulla Rd, so Hall couldn’t have had any of it. His land consisted only of 22 B and D.)
My parish map shows section 23 as 515 acres 3 roods and 29 perches. The number of acres given seems to have resulted from a draughtsman transposing the tens and units figures. Memorials consistently show that the part of section 23 east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. When the 26 acre triangle, now bounded by Nomad Rd, Wirraway Rd and the English/ Vaughan St midline, is added, the total area of section 23 is 551 acres.
The 1920-1 ratebook lists John S.Kelly as renting two houses and a total of 199 acres from Blair and Sons. Kelly could have been a descendant of Thomas Kelly who, after leasing and then buying land in section 23, was recorded in 1879-80 as the owner of land in the “Essendon Division” (i.e. section 16). J.S.Kelly’s land was in the north-east half of section 16.