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HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA, VIC. , AUST.

ANY HISTORY BOARDS MADE WOULD CONTAIN BRIEF SUMMARIES OF THE INFORMATION THAT FOLLOWS, AS WELL AS MAPS (SUCH AS THE SUBDIVISION PLAN OF THE CLARKE ESTATE ON THE SURVEY AND DROMANA'S FIRST GOLF COURSE) AND PHOTOS.

Melway references are used.

1. 159 K5, Pt Nepean Rd footpath.
A. Safety Beach , CLARKE AND BRUCE (Maria Stenniken and Godfrey Wilson,)THE SEA LANE),PIER SITE, RHYMER, GOLF (CLUB HOUSE), SUBDIVISION SALES (Plan)AND SCORN, SPEED TRIALS(HOSPITAL, MR BEAN/Rev. H.W.Taylor)
AND AVIATORS,PICKING,

Edward Hobson was the first pioneer on what became Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area and east to the line of Bulldog Creek Rd.) Like most settlers on the peninsula, he was a friend to the Boon-wurrung people.Marie Hansen Fels in I SUCCEEDED ONCE (available free on the internet)details the three camps in the area, one of which was by Edward's homestead. George Smith, a de facto relative of Edward-which Marie explains, was also a great mate to the aborigines and took one of them to America.Marie's book explains that Chief Protector Robinson's tardiness in allowing William Thomas to get the Boon-wurrung to Kangerong,away from Melbourne's vices, diseases introduced by early sealers and the boon-wurrung reluctance to produce babies when "no more home" were the causes of the demise of these friendly* people. (* When the ship carrying John Aitken's sheep was beached in Dromana Bay, they helped him carry them all to shore.)

Luckily Edward had moved, to what later was called Tootgarook by Peter Purves, before Hugh Jamieson bought his Special Survey. His new run may have been more attractive because of what was under the ground- lime! He built a kiln near Mark Avenue,just west of today's Rosebud Plaza. Before long, Edward was off to Tarwin River and then Traralgon to establish a run for his brother, Dr Edmund Hobson, which he gave a name meaning river of little fish (Traralgon.) While he was away, George Smith may have occupied that area (Tootgarook) and called it Wooloowoolooboolook; 4 year old Sarah Ann Cain was taken to Smith's homestead when she was found after being lost in the bush for four days.


Jamieson did not spend much time on his survey but enough to have social contact with other early settlers such as Captain Reid (on what became Balcolme's The Briars)and the McCraes on the Arthur's Seat Run. Somebody who did live there was Mrs Newby. On 15-2-1844, Captain Reid and his wife, Hugh Jamieson and Georgiana McCrae and hubby, Andrew, visited the Survey, meeting Mrs Newby and her two daughters. Mrs Newby complained of loneliness during Captain Newby's absences at sea. On 27-7-1845,Andrew told Georgiana about the three Newby children drowning. (P. 30 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Was this true? Yes!

SHIPWRECKS. LOSS OF THE MARY. By the steamer Shamrock, which arrived here on Sunday, the distressing intelligence has been received of the total wreck of the barque Mary, Captain Newby, from this port to London in Bass's Straits; and we are sorry to add that no less than seventeen of her passengers have perished. The Mary left Sydney for London on the 19th of May, having on board 69 souls, including the crew, and a very valuable cargo. It was intended by the owners that she should proceed by the usual course round Cape Horn, and the Mary stood away to the southward for that purpose, but when she was off Cape Howe, the wind being at east south-east, with every appearance of a continuance from the same quarter, Captain Newby determined to attempt the westerly passage, notwithstanding the unpromising time of the year, and accordingly stood into Bass's Straits for that purpose. On the morning of the 24th May, the Mary was off Wilson's Promontory, when the wind suddenly died away, and at 10 A. M. a strong breeze sprung up from the northwest, and gradually increased to a gale with heavy rain. Thinking he had now got into a westerly wind, the captain determined to give up the westerly passage, and accordingly bore up and ran to the southward of Sir Roger Curtis' and Kent's Groups. At 6 P. M. he estimated the ship's position to be five miles south of the body of Kent's Group, fixed her course at east by north, and having been up the two previous nights, the captain went to bed, there being then a breeze from the north- west, which was sending the ship seven knots per hour. The chief mate had the watch from 8 to 12; about 11 he called the captain, saying he thought " land was handy ;" but upon the captain going upon deck, he could not see any land, and found that it was almost a calm. Broken water, however, was soon discovered off the lee beam,and a strong current was rapidly driving the ship towards it. There was no wind to make the ship answer her helm, she refused stays and drove broadside onto the rock. She first touched on the starboard bilge, then under the fore chains, and immediately parted abaft the foremast, the bows slipping off the rock into deep water; she then struck abaft, unshipped her rudder, and the topsides floated off the bottom,over the reef into smooth water. In seven minutes from the time she struck, the ship was in pieces. The most melancholy part remains to be told. Seventeen women and children were drowned and what is most extraordinary is, that not a mast was lost. Those drowned were-three of Captain Newby's daughters; six children of Mrs. Evans; Augusta and Catherine, daughters of Captain Collins, of Illawarra ; Mrs Heather, and two children, Mrs. Grey, Mrs. Turnbull, and Sarah Foulkes, servant to Mrs. Collins. How the remainder were saved we cannot understand. Captain Newby only remarks," we were saved in the long boat in the most wonderful manner." The above parties were lost in consequence of the upsetting of the whale boat, into which they had been lowered, but it has not been ascertained how this accident occurred. The reef upon which the Mary was lost lies to the north east of a rock described in the Australian Directory as Wright's rock, about three and a half miles, and is known to the sealers who visit Furneaux's Island as the north east or deep reef. etc.
(P.3, Mornington Chronicle, Sydney, 25-6-1845.)

Henry Dunn, after whom Dunns Rd (which runs from Mornington to Mt Martha) was named,leased the survey from 1846 until 1851. In the history of Osborne Primary School Leslie Moorhead stated that he also leased James Hearn's run concurrently with the survey with the two properties known as the Mt Martha Sheep Station; thus Henry had the survey, which near the coast had the same boundaries as Safety Beach, and the land north of Ellerina Rd to Balcombe Creek.

James Hearn was related in some way to William John Turner Clarke (Big Clarke)who eventually bought the survey; Big Clarke died at Hearn's house (near today's Salmon Avenue in Essendon.) Bruce,supposedly Clarke's son in law, was supposed to have received (AS A WEDDING PRESENT)the northern 1000 or so acres of the survey, between boundaries indicated by Martha Cove Waterway and Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Rd, as a wedding present according to A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA but I have not found evidence of the claimed relationship and LIME LAND LEISURE claims that Clarke,who bought the survey in parts, sold the northern portion to Bruce at a profit.

Bruce was John Vans Agnew Bruce, who, like Big Clarke and James Hearn, was personally involved in the area near Essendon. He was a partner in the big contracting firm of Cornish and Bruce, which built the Mt Alexander (Castlemaine) and Murray River Railway to (and some unknown distance past)Sunbury. A search, discussed in my journal about Bob Chalmers' HERITAGE WALK IN ASCOT VALE WEST, failed to find any direct relationship between John Vans Agnew Bruce and Big Clarke or Australia's Prime Minister Bruce.

Back to 1851. Henry Dunn's joint lease of the Mt Martha Sheep Station probably ended when the southern part of the parish of Moorooduc had been surveyed and the land south of Hearns Rd was sold in small portions. Agents were appointed by Jamieson to lease the survey. In 1851, according to a heritage study, Brown Lee and (Charles) Graves, in partnership, leased the (whole?) survey. They may have sub-let small portions to newly arrived settlers or the extent of their lease may have been misunderstood. The spelling of the name of Charles Graves' partner is debatable. Rosalind Peatey had it as Brownley in PINE TREES AND BOXTHORNS (probably on the page 20 map showing the route of the electric telegraph line.)

In an attempt to find something about William Brownlee, I stumbled upon one (BORN IN 1837) who was a pioneer in N.S.W.,OBVIOUSLY NOT OUR ONE, but I loved this quote on the end.
"Not to know what happened before one was born is to remain a child." Cicero.

William Brownlee's surname was a single word,not Brown-Lee as it has been written on occasions, and he and Charles Graves were on the Survey by early 1851.Graves did not indicate that he was in partnership with Brownlee but L.Wilding of Flinders possibly consulted Graves (of "Woodlands" in the parish of Flinders) about this when writing his 1905 history. Wilding did a good job with his history but did make some errors, such as saying John Cain's father was William Cain when the man who established "Tyrone" was actually Owen Cain.

FIVE POUNDS REWARD.
STOLEN, on Saturday evening, or Sunday morning lost, from off Jamieson's Survey,Western Port-A bay mare, a little white on hind legs, branded (something?*) over C right shoulder, and a circle cross-barred on off neck, and a switch tail.

To any person bringing the mare to the Globe Inn, Melbourne, £2 will be paid ; and £5 to whoever gives such information as will lead to the capture and conviction of the thief,who is well known.
WILLIAM BROWNLEE. April 26, 1851.(P.3, Argus, 1-5-1851.)

WHO IS THE OLDEST RESIDENT IN THE PENINSULA.
TO THE EDITOR.
SIR, - Re "New Chum's" inquiry in your last issue as to the oldest resident of the Peninsula, I think I am one of the few that are left. I left the Isle of Man in August, 1849, and arrived in Melbourne December the same year. After spending 12 months near Melbourne, I came to Dromana (then called Jamieson's Survey) on January
15th, 1851. I rented 4000 acres of land from the Bank of Australia for nine years, and in 1860 bought the
property I am now living on. You will therefore see that I am one of the old pioneers.
C. GRAVES. "Woodlands," Shoreham. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 22-3-1902.)

Extract from one of L.Wilding's articles on the history of the Mornington Peninsula. (See my journal:
Mr L.Wilding of Flinders,Early Mornington Peninsula Historian.)

Evidently the first purchase of land on the Peninsula was in 1841. The special survey system, previously confined to South Australia, was then resorted to in Port Phillip. A person paying £5120 into the Treasury had
the right of directing the authorities to make him a survey of eight square miles* of unreserved territory, subject to certain provisions relating to water frontages and other matters. Between March 17 and May 1 in that year eight special surveys had been applied for in Port Phillip.

One of the applicants was Mr. H. Jamieson, who chose his 5120* acres between Mount Martha and Arthur's Seat. His area included Hobson's Flats, and was bounded on the west by Port Phillip Bay. A very well-finished house, costing £500, which was put up on this survey, was at that time considered a very fine structure, and was probably as good a dwelling as any in the colony. The survey was occupied for some time by Jamieson Bros, and later on passed into the hands of the Bank of Australasia. In the middle of January, 1851,Mr Graves, now of Woodlands, Flinders, entered into a tenancy of 4120 acres of the area. The other portion, including the house, was rented by Connell Bros**. When Mr Graves and his partner, Mr Brown Lee (who at the start, went in extensively for wheat growing), had occupied the place for about five years, it was purchased by Mr Clark (***sic), the grandfather of Sir Rupert Clark, the present owner.

Five years after the sale Mr Clark, Mr Griffiths, and Mr Gibson, whose families are still in possession, became
the tenants of the property. The rental paid by Messrs Graves and Brown Lee in the early days was 10s per acre.(P.6, Mornington Standard,2-9-1905.)

*The traditional acre was a chain wide and 10 chains long(a furrow-long or furlong), or 10 square chains. Early grants usually were a mile by a mile (80 x 80 chains)making 6400 square chains or 640 acres. To give squatters the incentive to improve their runs, they had the assurance of a pre-emptive right,usually of 640 acres and the homestead block. As long as they paid their annual lease fee to the Crown, nobody else could buy it. Eight times 640 acres equals 5120 acres and the surveys cost a pound per acre.

** This,if true, and probably testified to by Charles Graves,makes it almost certain that Graves and Brownlee were partners,leasing the 4120 acres south of the Martha Cove Waterway (Tassell's or Brokil Creek). Connell Bros. would have had the 1000 acres(approximately) between that creek and Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Rd.
*** Mr Wilding can hardly be criticised for the spelling of the surname when Bulla Road Board/Shire rate collectors made the same mistake repeatedly. William John Turner Clarke,whose Special Survey displaced the Jackson Bros. and George Evans from their runs near Sunbury (Koorakooracup? and Emu Bottom) and Walter Clark of Glenara east of Bulla Township often were given the other's surname in rate books despite being very prominent residents.Big Clarke's son,William, was made a Baronet and built Rupertwood,the birthplace of the Ashes, naming it after his son,Rupert,who inherited the title and owned the southern (almost) 4120 acres of the Survey when it was subdivided. He was called Rupert Clarke,Bart.,in Flinders and Kangerong Shire ratebooks.

CHARLES GRAVES.
A heritage study states that Graves and his partner, Brownlee leased the survey in 1851.Charles bought Maryfield,had it fenced by Rymer, and then sold it to Mary McLear, who gave the farm its name. He then became a Shoreham store keeper and established a farm called Woodlands in the parish of Flinders. (2015 information.)

It was in about July, 2010 that I found a need to make Mornington Peninsula history more accessible. I saw little sense in repeating what others had written so, Canterbury Jetty Rd being at about the centre of my area of focus, I decided to write a book of verse and call it CANTERBURY TALES. I can't believe that within a month of starting my note-making, I was able to write about a dozen poems like this one about Charles Graves.

ALONG THE BACK TRACK C.1860 AUGUST 2010
Charles Graves (back from Melbourne with goods
To hawk to those further west near she-oak woods)
With Bill, the 22 year old son of his partner, Widow McLear,
Left Bill at The Willow; his helper now Godfrey in his tenth year.

The son of Henry Wingy Wilson, named for a crushed hand,
A bullocky living on the eastern end of Jamieson's Survey land.
To the north, over yankee Griffith's maize, Charles saw
Big Clarke's wedding present to his son-in-law*. (*p.s.No proof found.)

To the left, young Godfrey saw Cottier's hut coming nigh
Now housing a hotel which Cutter called the Rye.
Look, said Charles, Pidota and Rowley do it tough;
The bay at the moment is looking quite rough!

When they reached The Rocks, Graves headed back
To climb Arthurs Seat on the Cape Schanck track.
We'll never get through that surf alive
And I'll not wait asleep like Meyrick in 1845!

As they climbed with Gracefield on their left
Charles exclaimed, There's a vine up in the cleft!
Do you mean the Swamp Village's Fred the Greek?
Young Wilson asked with tongue in cheek.

So they climbed through Burrell's 12 500 acres,
Dragging logs on downhill slopes as brakers,
Past the back road to Purves' Tootgarook.
Soon, blonde Cairns on their right, left* Wooloowoolooboolook.

At the next crossroad right turn and then left;
Graves' handling of the drapery laden cart was deft.
Godfrey saw the smoke, sobbed Cometh my time!
Don't panic lad; they're just burning lime.

We started in Kangerong,
Through Wannaeue travelled along
Features and people of history seein'.
Now we stop as we reach Nepean.

As they turned back to Kangerong
A well-known man came riding strong,
(With five year old Maria), running late.
Godfrey wed Maria in 1878.

NOTES FOR ALONG THE BACK TRACK.

1 Henry Wilson's accident probably happened after Godfrey's marriage but I just had to use Wingy.
2.The well-known man in verse 9 was Stenniken who lived at Rye but had some land at Melway 151, D/10 near Wilson's 125 acres.
3.The Griffith and Eaton families came from America. W.J.T.Clarke gave the northern part of the Survey, including Wilson's 125 acre lease, to his son-in-law, Bruce*.(Bruce Rd.) Bruce's's land was south of that owned by the family of another son-in-law, Hearn*. Clarke's life ended at Hearn's Roseneath in Essendon which was later owned by William Salmon.(28, G/1) (*p.s. No proof of claimed relationships.)
4.Cottier took the name and the licence to the area near White Cliff where he and John Campbell built a hotel.
(POSTSCRIPT. This claim in LIME LAND LEISURE is disproved by newspaper extracts in my journal about William Cottier supposedly giving Rye its name.)
5.Peter Pidota was an early mariner, loading and unloading with the help of Rowley, near Sheepwash Creek.
6.THE ROCKS was an early name for Anthony's Nose. The Cape Schanck track started where Latrobe Pde does today. The name change to Bayview Rd was probably driven by developers wanting to promote the spectacular views.
7. Maurice Meyrick fell asleep while waiting for low tide as he made his way to Boneo in 1845.
8.William Grace planted grapes in a hollow in the mountain slope of Gracefield. One of the Sullivans married one of his daughters. He built the Gracefield Hotel which was demolished by the Hunts circa 1927 so they could build the present Rye Hotel. Cottier's hotel was further east.
9.Fred Vine, whose children were possibly sailed to the Dromana School until the Rosebud one opened much later.
10.The Burrells took over the Arthurs Seat Run following the McCraes' departure in 1851.
11.This method of making a safe descent was used well into the 1920's.
12.Hiscock Road, now closed, is shown between Colchester Rd and the street named after the successful butcher known to you as WINGY.
13.The break in Browns Rd at Truemans Rd.
14.Three parish names.
*This was based on young George McCrae's estimate of the location of the Wooloowoolooboolook homestead being calculated as being near Pattersons Rd, Fingal but I believe (based on Marie Fels' I SUCCEEDED ONCE)that Wooloowoolooboolook was on the Port Phillip Bay side of Old Cape Schanck Rd and that James Purves' grants (southern extension of Rosebud Country Club) between the Wannaeue Estate and the Cairns brothers' grant at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds might have been the site of George Smith's homestead. In this case, having reached the junction of Old Cape Schanck and Browns Rds, the Cairns family would have been to the right and the Wooloowoolooboolook homestead farther right,not left. Young George was probably describing Boneo Rd as the Cape Schanck road when he gave the distance between his home (McCrae homestead) and George Smith's house.

THE SURVEY (CONTINUED.)
PIONEERS THAT STAYED INCLUDING THE UNTRAINED DOC. AND THE MIDWIFE. (Sarah Wilson's story and the Kiwi Gibson)
McLEAR 1851.
Colin McLear gives much background that led to the arrival of Widow McLear on the survey from page 93 of his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Having emigrated in 1838 John and Mary lived on the property of explorer John Oxley in N.S.W. until moving to the Plenty River near Melbourne in 1846. Their fifth surviving child was born there in 1849 before six members of the family moved to Jamieson's Survey. Whether the move was arranged beforehand or as a result of John's death, it might have been suggested by William Brownlee who qualified for the vote in 1843 because he was a landholder on the Plenty. It seems quite a coincidence that Mary Ann and her family arrived in the same year as Brownlee.

Colin said the fight started at a race meeting near the Plough Inn on Boxing Day,1849, because John Holland had lost a bet with John McLear and refused to pay up. Mason probably got involved because he was anti protestant. John's groom, William Marshall had taken two sticks and a whip from Holland but while he was preoccupied with this disarming.Mason struck the coward's blow.

WILFUL MURDER.
The inquest on the body of the unfortunate Mr. John McLear, of the River Plenty, who met with his death from the effects of a blow inflicted by a man named Thos. Mason, was held yesterday at the Plough Inn. The coroner did not return until late in the evening, and we can therefore only give a brief account of the investigation.

The particulars as elicited by the evidence, corresponds with the accounts given at the time of the fatal occurrence. An angry altercation took place between the deceased and some other man, during which Mason without any provocation deliberately went into the yard, brought out a piece of quartering which had been used for measuring the height of the horses entered for the races, and holding it in both hands, struck the deceased a
violent blow on the right side of the head. He fell instantly and was carried into the Inn.

William Butler, the landlord, was examined, and stated that he saw a man strike the blow ; other witnesses positively identified Mason as the man who struck the blow and Dr. Robertson, the first medical man who attended the deceased, described the frightful injuries which resulted in death.The skull was fractured and thirteen pieces of bone were removed by Dr. Robertson and Dr. Hunter who was afterwards called in to attend
the deceased.

Mr McLear never evinced the slightest symptom of consciousness after the blow. He recognised no one and lingered in a state of insensibility. The evidence did not show that the slightest provocation had been offered by the deceased, but a rumour is current that an animosity existed on the part of Mason against his victim. The jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against Thos. Mason, and a warrant has been issued by the Coroner for his apprehension on that charge. But Mason has disappeared anticipating the result, and it is known that what little he was possessed of is being sold. (P.2, Argus, 1-1-1850.)

MARSHALL 1851.
Colin presumed that William Marshall was the aforementioned groom. Like Mary Ann,he might have been tipped off by William Brownlee that a small farm would soon be available on Jamieson's Survey at mate's rates. Alex Marshall,the first postmaster at Red Hill in 1871 might have been his son.

In 1864 William Marshall was assessed on a two roomed hut and 70 acres leased from Wm. Clark (sic)and in 1865 his property was described as 60 acres and a 2 roomed house leased from W.J.T.Clarke. If Colin's P.27 map is precise, William Marshall's homestead would have been near 59 Pickings Rd.

COTTIER 1857.
According to Colin's map, William Cottier's house on the Survey was near today's Balmoral Avenue. William signed the 1861 petition in support of Robert Quinan's school becoming Dromana's Common School (P.133 in Colin's book.) William Cottier (pronounced Cutter)received the grants for crown allotments 9 and 10 section 1, Kangerong and built the initial part of what became Walter Gibson's Glenholm homestead. C/a 9 is now the Dromana Industrial Estate and c/a 10 is the Monaco Estate including all Lombardy St house blocks.

What did surprise me is the following grant in the parish of Fingal, south of the Boniyong (Bono) pre-emptive right.
Lot 32. One hundred and twenty two acres three roods five perches, 22/- per acre.William Cottier.
(P.5, Argus, 19-2-1858.)

In another journal I have warned family historians about taking lot numbers to be crown allotment numbers. William Cottier's Fingal grant was crown allotment 13 of 122 acres 3 roods and twenty five perches.It was a triangular block fronting the west side of Truemans Rd south of the St Andrews Golf Club's Gunnamatta Course, indicated by Melway 252 B10 and C 10-11.

When I added Kangerong as a search term, to avoid millions of shipping intelligence articles in the 1850's (Captain William Cottier), I discovered that William had bought his grants between Collins Rd and (inclusively) Lombardy St in early 1857. Lot 5 is c/a 9 and lot 6 is c/a 10 (both section 1 Kangerong.)

Parish of Kangerong, County of Mornington. Upset price £1 per acre.
Lot 5,151a. Sr. 8p, William Cottier, £1 per acre.
Lot 6,116a. 2r., William Cottier, £1 5s. do. (P.6,Argus,26-3-1857.)

LIME LAND LEISURE has much detail about Cottier and John Campbell (who also signed the 1861 petition in support of Robert Quinan.) Charles Hollinshed relied on the memory of elderly descendants and called Dromana's pioneer James Cottier. Equally dubious is his claim that Cottier established the RYE hotel at Dromana and that the licence was later transferred to Tootgarook where he and John Campbell (who built Rye's first pier in 1860) built the RYE HOTEL east of Lyons St. (The present Rye Hotel is on the site of Patrick Sullivan's Gracefield Hotel, built about 15 years later, whose name came from the Dromana property that his father in law,William Grace, had sold in about 1871 before moving to Rye.)

So what's this?

FOUND, A quantity of SPARS. Owner can have a claim by applying to Mr. Cottier, Tootgarook Hotel, Tootgarook.
(P.1, Argus, 8-6-1869.)

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.-To the Bench of Magistrates. atMornington.-I, WILLIAM COTTIER, farmer, now residing At Rye, in the colony of Victoria, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the justices, sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions to be holden at Mornington, In the said colony, on the 20th day of June next, for a CERTIFICATE authorising the issuing of a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situated at Rye aforesaid. The house is built of wood, consisting of two sitting rooms and six bedrooms exclusive of those required for the use of tho family; occupied and owned,by me. It is not licensed. To be known as the Tootgarook Hotel.
The 14th day of June, A.D. 1867.,
(Signed) . WILLIAM COTTIER. (P.8 Argus, 21-6-1867.)

NOTICE.-The PARTNERSHIP hitherto subsisting between WILLIAM COTTIER and JOHN CAMPBELL, trading as " Wm. Cottier and Campbell," at Tootgarook, has this day been DISSOLVED by mutual consent.All liabilities will be paid and all moneys received by William Cottier.
JOHN CAMPBELL.
WM. COTTIER. ,
Melbourne 18th April, 1870. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

William Cottier, of Rye, near Point Nepean,limeburner. Causes of insolvency-Long depression of trade and losses in business. Liabilities, £480 12s. 6d. ; assets, £30 ; deficiency, £150 12s. 6d, Mr. Goodman, official assignee. (P.5, Argus, 26-10-1870.)

A special examination was held in the estate of William Cottier, of Rye, labourer,late publican. The insolvent was brought in custody from gaol, where he was imprisoned on a charge of stealing meat, and was examined by Mr. F. Stephen in reference to his transactions as a publican at Rye, and also respecting a lime-burning business that he had been engaged in. (P.7, Argus,23-12-1870.)

Certificate Meetings.
Certificates of discharge from their debts were granted to the following insolvents :
....... ; John Blair, of Melbourne, surgeon*; ....... William Cottier, of Rye, limeburner ; F. W. Wilks, of Collingwood, commission agent. (P.6, Argus, 10-6-1871.)
*Blair,like Cottier,recovered and bought Villa Maria, naming it Blairgowrie, which eventually became the new name of Sorrento East.

PATERSON.
In another journal, probably the SAFETY BEACH one, I have provided much evidence that the Paterson pioneers on the Survey were members of the same family which gave Pattersons Rd, Fingal its name. This family was linked with the Cairns and Russell families in that area and also the Stenniken family. Some of the Patterson family moved to Rosebud and Dromana, and importantly, onto the Survey,where, as Colin McLear states, Wallaces Rd was known to old timers as Patterson's Lane. (See Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.)

CLYDESDALE.
James Clydesdale moved onto the Survey in about 1860 according to Colin McLear and if the map of early settlers on page 27 is accurate his home was on the north bank of Dunns Creek in the top left corner of Melway 160 G4. George and Sarah Peatey arrived on the Survey at the same time as James Clydesdale and wife Julia and lived between Dunns Creek and today's Lakeside Court. On 17-4-1864 when Julia was about to give birth to their tenth* child, Emma, James (then described as a mariner)might have been at work, but there was no need for Julia to panic; all she had to do in order to summon the midwife was open her door, face west and yell out, "Sarah."
(*Sarah Peatey's records mentioned that the five eldest children had all died.)


After many years working for George McLear(timber getting), Jonah Griffith (possibly the mariner era) and Walter Gibson(taking mail to Cape Schanck), James settled on 45 acres on the south side of Dunns Creek Rd between today's Dromana/Red Hill boundary and a line indicated by the north-south section of Gibb Rd (near Melway 161 B8.) He received the title (grant) on 7-5-1884.

This was close to the Tubbarubba diggings where two sons,James Jnr and Harry worked for gold miner, Bernard F.Eaton (brother of Watson Eaton) who found 7 ounces of gold in seven years. (P.45, THE RED HILL.) James Jnr married Charlie Dyson's daughter and lived in Pier St,Alec married Miss Cleine of Red Hill and lived on the corner of Heales and Hogkinson Sts but had no children, and it may have been Emma who became Mrs Davis of Red Hill.

A descendant indicated that the Clydesdales arrived on the Survey earlier than Colin McLear thought they had.

William James CLYDESDALE
Born 1 Nov 1817 Tradestown, Gorbals, Lanark, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location
Gender Male
Died 15 Aug 1902 Parish Of Kangerong, Victoria , Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
Buried 18 Aug 1902 Dromana Cemetery, Victoria, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
Notes
The following information on James ,Julia and their family was kindly provided by their Great Great Grandson Geoffrey Robert Doherty. Geoff has volumes of notes on most of this branch of the family, with only some of those notes added into these records.

«u»James Clydesdale is an enigma. «/u»

"James" Clydesdale came to Australia in 1849, first settling in Melbourne, then moving to Dromana, on the Mornington Peninsula a few years later. His wife's name was Julia Cahill, and possibly one of the hundreds of Irish Orphan girls brought to Australia as a result of the Irish famine. In 1902 James completed his pension application at the local Court House.In this pension application James listed his parents names, the name of the ship in which he came to Australia, the date he married Julia. James explicitly stated that his parents were William Clydesdale and Janet Muir, of Glasgow.The same is recorded in Julia's application although James actually filled out the forms.
Other documents(e.g his childrens Death Certificates etc) record his name as William James Clydesdale.

It is interesting that James Clydesdale and John Gibson both came from Lanarkshire and were both mariners. I wonder if they knew each other before they settled on the Survey. Sarah Peatey and Julia Clydesdale both did cleaning at William Dixon Scurfield hotel and tried to restore Father Nyall's reputation. (See Eaton entry.)

PEATEY.
George Peatey,over 7 feet tall,had been in the Queen's Own Guard. He and his wife, Sarah left London on 31-7-1855 and sailed on the Royal George,arriving in November.Edward Norman was born at Tarraville, Gippsland before the end of the year and by April 1857 they were back in Melbourne where John Henry was born. Arriving on the Survey in 1858, George was one of many who supplied timber for George McLear.

Maria(1859) and Charlotte (1861) were born on Jamieson's Special Survey. Sarah, a midwife, delivered Emma Clydesdale, David Morgan and David Peter Thompson(1864), Margaret Watson and Rose Ann Bucher (first white child born in Rosebud) (1867), "Big Bill" Gibson (1868)and George Watson (1869). The birthplace of George and Sarah's next child,Alfred William,was described as Kangerong ,a fair indication that the Peateys were no longer on the Survey but had settled on 27A Kangerong, 51 acres on the west corner of Harrisons and Dunns Creek Rds, now occupied by three wineries. The grant was received on 11-7-1876 and an adjacent 50 acre block (27C) was granted on 2-12-1881. Run off from Arthurs Seat made the land too wet for cropping and they'd already bought 2 acres at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St, Rosebud, onto which they moved in 1888. Descendants later bought the block on the east side of today's Murray Anderson Rd foreshore car park through which a creek,known to all as Peatey's Creek, flowed to the bay. (PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS Rosalind Peatey.)

JOHN GIBSON.
John Gibson was a mariner (possibly connected with Emu Bay in Tasmania) whose child, John,was born on the Survey in 1859 and later became a Kiwi. John Senior was Walter Gibson's brother and may have taken Walter's sheep to Dromana Bay where Walter swam them ashore in the mid 1850's according to Colin McLear.

Extract from my journal THE GIBSON OF DROMANA WHO BECAME A KIWI in which all sources are given.
COPIED FROM:
John Gibson 1859 - 1932 Kangarong, Victoria, Australia
www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gibson-2063
Cert reads: 3 August 1859, Jamiesons Survey, Kangerong, Victoria, John, not ... or nurse to certify, signatures of occupiers or other witnesses, Mrs Brownlee ... Registered 3 Oct 1859 at Schnapper Point by William Armstrong, Deputy Registrar ..

(The above was discovered when I was researching William Brownlee of the survey for my DROMANA HERITAGE TRAIL journal. My motto is USE IT OR LOSE IT. The witness to the birth would have been Mary Ann McLear, widow of John McLear who was killed at Plenty's Plough Inn during a race meeting on Boxing Day, 1849. Mary Ann may have met Mrs Brownlee in that area. Mrs McLear leased a property called The Willow, which was near the south-bound freeway off ramp and the drive-in. John Gibson, who married Emma P. Clinton, was possibly* a brother of Walter Gibson of the Survey and "Glenholm", Dromana. John Gibson's father was Adam Gibson and Walter's first-born was named Adam. William Brownlee may have also come from Lanarkshire.)

* I'm not a gambler but I reckon I could make good money betting on my guesses. John and Walter had the same father, Adam, who married a Purdie girl, so Walter may have married a cousin.

GIBSON-PURDIE.(Golden Wedding) On the 22nd November, 1849, at Kilbuchs-place, near Biggar, Scotland, by the Rev. Hamilton Paul, Walter Gibson, son of Adam Gibson, of Wiston, to Margaret Purdie, daughter of Alexander Purdie, of Peebles. (Present address, Glenholm, Dromana, Victoria.) Scotch papers please copy.
(P.9,Argus, 9-12-1899.)

John Gibson
Born August 3, 1859 in Kangarong, Victoria, Australia
Son of John Gibson and Emma P. (Clinton) Gibson
Brother of Caroline E. (Austin) Rowe, James Gibson and William Henry Gibson
Husband of Edna (Dale) Gibson married December 27, 1882 in New Plymouth, TNK, NZ
Father of Iris E. (Gibson) Way, Elsie Edna Gibson, Ellen Elizabeth Gibson, Robert Gibson, William Henry Gibson, Mabel Irene Gibson, Jessie Hilda Catherine Gibson, John Harold Gibson, Sydney Eric Gibson, Norman Parau Gibson, Lance V. Gibson and Vivian Phyllis Gibson
Died October 16, 1932 in New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand


Birth:
Date: 03 AUG 1859
Place: Kangarong, , Victoria, Australia
Note: Ref #18714, indexed as Jno Gibson s/o John, mother Emma Parkes (sic) Clinton ? in the parish of Kangerong, Co. Mornington. Cert reads: 3 August 1859, Jamiesons Survey, Kangerong, Victoria, John, not present, male, s/o John GIBSON, mariner, 34, born Wiston, Lanarkshire, Scotland, married Emerald Hill, Melbourne, Victoria to Emma Parker Gibson, formerly Clinton, 32, born London, England. Issue living and deceased: Emma (no age given), John, 61 days. Informant, John Gibson, father, residence: Jamieson Survey, Victoria. Witnesses: No medical attendant, or nurse to certify, signatures of occupiers or other witnesses, Mrs Brownlee and Mrs McLein (sic).
Registered 3 Oct 1859 at Schnapper Point by William Armstrong, Deputy Registrar[2][3]
Death

Death:
Date: 16 OCT 1932
Place: New Plymouth, , Taranaki, New Zealand
Note: Coronary stenosis, aorta atheroma[4]
Burial

Burial:
Date: 18 OCT 1932
Place: New Plymouth, , Taranaki, New Zealand[5]
Reference

Reference: 1648
Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 28 FEB 2007
Prior to import, this record was last changed 28 FEB 2007

Marriage

Husband: John Gibson
Wife: Edna Dale
Child: Iris Emma Gibson
Child: Norman Parau Gibson
Child: Lance Vernon Gibson
Child: Vivian Phyllis Gibson
Child: Elsie Edna Gibson
Child: Robert Gibson
Child: Ellen Elizabeth Gibson
Child: William Henry Gibson
Child: Mabel Irene Gibson
Child: Jessie Hilda Catherine Gibson
Child: John Harold Gibson
Child: Sydney Eric Gibson
Marriage:
Date: 27 DEC 1882
Place: New Plymouth, , Taranaki, New Zealand
Note: exact date from ref 308. Folio #2758 John GIBSON to Edna DALE[6][7]
Husband: John Gibson
Child: John Gibson
Marriage:
Date: 31 DEC 1855
Place: Melbourne, , Victoria, Australia
Note: cert. #3632 shows: John Gibson, 30, single, born Lanark, Scotland, Master Mariner, present and usual address: Brigantine 'Express', Melbourne, s/o Adam Gibson, contractor, Janet Purdie;
Bride Emma Parker Clinton, 28, single, born London, d/o William Clinton, currier, Jemima Parker, present and usu. address Melbourne. No children by former marriage, either living or dead for either party (ie Emma ignores her previous marriage and existing child, Caroline Emma Austin).
I John Gibson, do hereby declare that I am a member of the Presbyterian church, and that I was married in the Manse at Emerald Hill. Signed by both parties. Witnesses: Andrew Boyd, Elisabeth Boyd. Minister: D Macdonald.[8][9]

WALTER GIBSON.
It is likely that John and Walter Gibson shared the same leased portion of the Survey. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives the time of Walter's arrival near the Survey as the mid 1850's and his master mariner brother,John, would have been away most of the time after his marriage in 1855,so it would have been logical for Emma to live with her in-laws for company and support. As Walter's mother was a Purdie girl,it is likely that Walter's wife, Margaret (nee Purdie) was Walter's cousin.There is extensive information about Walter and his descendants in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Walter's GLENHOLM*, between Collins Rd and the west side of Lombardy St, is now occupied by the Dromana Industrial Estate and the Monaco Estate. After purchasing Glenholm from William Cottier,Walter still occupied a significant portion of the Survey and in 1910, he had lots 1,3-8 (528 acres),4, 9,9A,10 (400 acres),and 10 (130 acres.) I wonder if Walter realised that he paid rates on lots 4 and 10 twice!
(*Colin gave it as GLENHOLME but many family notices always used this spelling without the e.)

This account describes in detail the use of steam for many purposes on Glenholm,due to the expertise of Walter's brother,Thomas, and seems to claim an earlier arrival on the Survey than that given by Colin McLear.

Mr and Mrs Walter Gibson, of "Glenholm," celebrated their golden wedding on Wednesday. Nov. 22. A large number of friends and relations were present to commemorate the occasion. Mr and Mrs Gibson received hearty congratulations and best wishes from all, and the party broke up about 1 p.m. with ringing cheers, after a very
enjoyable evening.

They were married at Kilbucho Place, near Biggar, Scotland, by the Rev. Hamilton Paul, on Nov. 25, 1849. The family number 5 sons and 5 daughters, and 28 grandchildren. Mr Gibson landed in Victoria in 1849 and commenced contracting and farming at Dromana. Of later years his attention has been turned mostly to farming, and he has now one of the best farms in the district. Being a mechanic, and with the assistance of his brother, Thos. Gibson, who is a thorough genius, he purchased a steam engine, which has proved a great labor-saving apparatus. Chaff cutting, threshing, bone-crushing, timber-sawing and brick-making is all worked on the premises by steam, and the farm is well worth a visit when work is in full swing. Mr and Mrs Gibson still enjoy good health, and from appearances will live to celebrate their diamond wedding.

(P.2,Mornington Standard, 30-11-1899.)

In the JOHN GIBSON entry I claimed that he and Walter were brothers. Here is confirmation but the genius, Thomas, is not mentioned.

Walter Gibson
Born September 23, 1829 in Lanarkshire, Scotland
Son of Adam Gibson and Janet Purdie
Brother of John Gibson
Husband of Margaret Purdie â married before 1851 [location unknown]
Father of John Gibson
Died December 5, 1916 in Dromana, Victoria, Australia
(Walter Gibson 1829 - 1916 Lanarkshire, Scotland - WikiTree
www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gibson-4489)

THOMAS GIBSON, WALTER'S OTHER BROTHER.
The many friends of Mr Thomas Gibson will regret to hear of his death,which occurred at his brother's residence " Glenholm " on Thursday morning last, at the age of 62. Mr Gibson had been ailing in health for some time past, and attended the Royal Agricultural Show, where he contracted a severe cold, which turned to pneumonia and resulted in his death.

Mr Gibson was born in Biggar, Scotland,in 1838, and migrated to Masterton,New Zealand, from whence he arrived
here 16 years ago. Since his residence in Dromana he won the respect of all that knew him, and it can be truthfully said that he never made a single enemy. His loss to the district will be severely felt, as, being a thorough mechanic, any work requiring skill was always taken to him, and he was ever willing and ready to impart his knowledge to others.

His remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Sunday afternoon, a large number from all parts of the district attending the funeral. Mr Buchan officiated at the grave. In the evening the Presbyterian Church, of which he was a member, was draped with mourning. Mr Buchan preached an impressive sermon, and made touching reference to the deceased. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-9-1900.)

SARAH WILSON.
Like Mary Ann McLear, Sarah arrived on the Survey as a widow.
Extract from my journal THE MYSTERIOUS SARAH WILSON.
Sarah Spence was born in County Tyrone,Ireland and at the age of 21, she married Oliver Wilson, a staunch Presbyterian and a shoemaker. Oliver, son of George and Martha,was born on County Donegal in 1791.His mother died in 1831 aged 80 and probably because he no longer had the responsibility of her care,he married in 1832 at the age of 40. Three children were to share the voyage to Australia: George b.1833,Jane b.1834 and Matilda b.1837.

Since 1835, there had been a bounty of 38 pounds paid for married couples under the age of 40 who went to the colony so Oliver,now 49, declared that he was 38 and that Sarah (actually 29) was 34. Having crossed the Irish Sea,they sailed from Liverpool on the Argyle,leaving on 7-11-1840 and landing at William's Town on 12-4-1841, glad to step ashore after the confined space in steerage.

Oliver continued his trade as a shoemaker and the family had a house in Flinders Lane where their fourth child,Robert, was born on 11-7-1843. Melbourne had been declared a Town in 1842 and by the birth was probably in the grip of a severe depression,but Oliver persevered and by 1847 was making a good living from his craft, with help from 14 year-old George. Oliver died on 12-1-1851 and soon rents became astronomical because of the gold rush, so 18 year-old George,now the head of the family suggested a move to cheaper housing on Jamieson's Special Survey near Arthur's Seat (the present Safety Beach, east to Bulldog Creek Rd.) This makes it likely that Sarah's family arrived on the Survey in 1851 or soon after,rather than 1855 as stated by Colin McLear and the pioneer pathway plaque. How could Jane and Matilda have married fellow Survey residents on 18-4-1855 if they had not spent some time getting to know each other?


The children of Oliver Wilson (1791-1851) and Sarah, nee Spence (1811-1870) were:
1. George (1830-1905),born Lifford, Ireland who married (1866)Mary Jane Connell (Ryder on birth certificate.);
2. Jane (1834-63), born Lifford, who married George Young (1855,see his journal) at Sarah's house on the Survey;
3. Matilda (1837-78), b. Lifford, who married William Johnson (b. Dublin,1832-75)in a joint ceremony with Jane;
4. Robert (1843-94), born Melbourne, who never married and would have been only about 18 when he signed the petition supporting Robert Denison Quinan's school at Dromana in 1861.
(Source: GIVING DESTINY A HAND,Petronella Wilson.)


CONNELL.(See the Sarah Wilson entry.)
Extract from the history of the Mornington Peninsula written by Mr L.Wilding of Flinders, with the information probably coming from Charles Graves of "Woodlands",(parish of)Flinders.

The survey was occupied for some time by Jamieson Bros, and later on passed into the hands of the Bank of Australasia. In the middle of January, 1851,Mr Graves, now of Woodlands, Flinders, entered into a tenancy of 4120 acres of the area. The other portion, including the house, was rented by Connell Bros.

The Connells had the northern 1004 acres, later owned by John Vans Agnew Bruce and leased from him by Edwin Louis Tassell, north of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway to Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Rd. Their extensive grants in the parish of Moorooduc, the Mornington connections, the postie's death, Foxey's Hangout and many other details are discussed in Petronella Wilson's brilliant GIVING DESTINY A HAND.

MORNINGTON.
Mr James Connell, of Tuerong, a pioneer of the peninsula, has died. He was a member of all sporting clubs on the península. He was one of the leading stone contractors and owned 1000 acres. In recent years he disposed of about 700 acres at Kangerong and Hastings to Messrs Matthewsson and Haggen.
(P.14, Argus, 19-6-1926.)


YOUNG.(See the Sarah Wilson entry.)
From my journal GEORGE YOUNG THE MYSTERIOUS PIONEER OF DROMANA.

George's father, also George, was born in Birmingham and, convicted of stealing brushes at the age of 16 was transported to Van Dieman's Land in 1820. Having served his time, he married Charlotte, who had been convicted of highway robbery, in 1826 and George Junior was born in 1828. Charlotte was murdered by being pushed into a fire when the boy was about 7 and his father later married Elizabeth Jones (who had been transported for stealing a purse.)George's father and stepmother were recorded as passengers to the Port Phillip District (Victoria) in 1848. Petronella Wilson speculated that George (junior)worked his passage across and mentioned no siblings (which surely there were unless there was a reproduction problem.)

George Young junior married Jane Wilson at Sarah Wilson's house on the Survey on 18-4-1855. Jane had been born in 1834 to Oliver and Sarah Wilson and had been about 7 when the family arrived on 12-1-1841. George was now 25 and his occupation was given as carpenter. On the same day, possibly simultaneously, Jane's sister, Matilda, married William Johnson. The two couples later moved to Melway 255 H-J 1 with George Wilson, brother of the brides.George and Jane had five children:Jane Ann, George, Mary Jane, John and Sarah.

Jane died at 29 shortly after Sarah's birth on 12-8-1863 and the baby was taken in by Matilda and William. On 2-1-1866,George married Janet White, an orphaned 18 year old from Mt Martha. George Wilson and his fiancee, Mary Jane Connell were witnesses; Mary Jane's father, Anthony, had been granted a huge area of land across three chain road from the grants of Andrew White, who may have been Janet's father.

IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA : Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.-In the Will of ANDREW WHITE, late of Tubba Rubba, In the parish of Moorooduc; In tho County of Mornington, in the Colony of Victoria, Farmer, Deceased. -Notice Is hereby given, that, after the expiration of 14 days from the publication hereof, application will be made to tho Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, in its Ecclesiastical jurisdiction, that PROBATE of tho LAST WILL and TESTAMENT of Andrew White, late of Tubba Rubba, in the parish of Moorooduc, in tho county of Mornington, in the colony of Victoria, farmer, deceased, may be granted to Archibald White, of Tubba Rubba aforesaid, farmer ; William White, of the same place, farmer ; and William Armstrong, of Mornington, in tho said colony, clerk of petty sessions, the trustees and executors named in and appointed by tho said will.
Dated this sixteenth day of January, A.D. 1865.
GEORGE JOHN SIMS, l8 Collins-street east, Melbourne, proctor for tho said Archibald White, William White, and William Armstrong, the above-named trustees and executors.(P.6, Argus, 17-1-1865.)


I have no way of knowing if the G.Young, grazier of Moorooduc, was our George, but I have a fair suspicion that he was. I also suspect that his unfortunate son was named after one of the executors of Andrew White.

MORNINGTON, Tuesday.
A young man named William Young aged 26, a son of Mr G Young grazier of Moorooduc and considered to be one of the best horsemen in the district, met with a fatal accident whilst out riding on Sunday breaking in a young horse. It appears that the horse by some means got its tail entangled in the crupper of the saddle and commenced to buck, ultimately coming down and falling heavily upon the rider, who was severely injured about the head. The services of Dr. Reed were promptly called in, and on examination that gentleman pronounced the injury to be concussion of the brain of a serious nature, and in spite of all that could be done for the sufferer he remained in a partly unconscious state until Monday afternoon, when death put an end to his sufferings. An inquest or magisterial inquiry was not deemed necessary, Dr Reed having given a certificate that death resulted from concussion of the brain, &c.(P.6,Argus, 24-2-1892.)

In GIVING DESTINY A HAND, Petronella Wilson stated that, after his first wife died, George Young had married 18 year old orphan, Janet White of Mt Martha in 1866 and they lived on 16 acres in the parish of Balnarring. This description made me think of Andrew White, whose grants were across three chain road from those of Anthony Connell in the parish of Moorooduc. But first I had to find the 16 acres in Balnarring.

A snatch of the first Flinders Road Board assessment (8-6-1869) is reproduced below.
33. Thomas Bullock house and 59 acres; 34. Hamilton Allen 115 acres; 35. George Young house and 16 acres;
36. William Johnson house and 5 acres; George Wilson house and 32 acres; 37. Edward Grey house and 53acres.

On 7-6-1870,the following were assessed.
49. Thomas Bullock 59 acres; 50. George Wilson 48 acres; Edward Gray 54 acres. (George Young and William Johnson were no longer there! George Young's 16 acre block was obviously part of George Wilson's property.)
I checked every parish up to 1874 and the first Shire of Flinders and Kangerong assessment, and there was no sign of either. I had suspected that if Janet White was related to Andrew White, George and Janet would have been likely to settle in the parish of Moorooduc (which was in another Road District, being north of Ellerina Rd.
And about the grazier's son being named William: William White, executor for Andrew White (Law notice above in italics) was probably related to George Young's second wife, Janet. George had five children from his first marriage and added ten more with Janet including William Henry and Charles Albert.

George Young (1828-1916)b.Launceston married (1855) Jane Wilson (1834-63.) Their children were:
Jane Ann (1856-1938) who married (1880) James Connell. (See the Connell journal.)
George (1857-?) who married Jane Clout and had a son,George.
Mary Jane (1859-?)
John (1861-1947) who in 1888 married Martha Ellen Andrews and had seven children.(Names available.)
Sarah (1863-1943), raised by Aunt Matilda, who married Dromana carpenter, James Matthews, in 1882; no issue.

DEATH OF OLD MORNINGTON IDENTITY The Mornington district has lost one of its oldest pioneers in the person of Mr. Jack Young, who had resided in the locality for many years. The late Mr. Young was the son of the late Mr. George Young, who lived near Tuerong Creek in early days. Mr. Jack Young was born in the district, and can therefore be claimed as Mornington's oldest resident. The funeral took place at the Mornington Cemetery.
(P.1, Standard, Frankston,29-5-1947.)
Jack was probably John (above) born in 1861. I have seen the Andrews family described as an old Moorooduc family.

From E. Young, Tuerong, mentioning that the road between Messrs Pitt and Young's properties was impassable. -Referred to the engineer. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-9-1903.)

E.Young was most likely Edward Young, woodcutter, brother of Charles Young and brother-in-law of Jack Skillen.
(P.2, Mornington Standard 6-1-1906.) Charles and Edward would have been among the 10 children of George Young and Janet (nee White.)Charles was accused of stealing a slaughtered pig.

The following tenders were accepted : Street sweeping and lamp lighting Charles Young, 30s per week. Supplying 150 yards of metal (spalls) from Tuerong quarry-W. White, 5s 6d per yard. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 21-1-1905.) William White would have been related to Janet White, George Young's second wife. I presume Charles was performing his work in Mornington itself.

George Young's last child with Jane, nee Wilson, was Sarah. She was raised by her aunt, Matilda Johnson, and married James Matthews of Dromana. James was a carpenter and arranged funerals for Hector Gamble of Frankston. He also did the Dromana, Cape Schanck, Flinders mail run.

OBITUARY JAMES MATTHEWS Mr. James Matthews passed away at Bush Nursing Hospital, Mornington, on Monday, September 24 at the age of 85 years. He was born at Dromana, and lived there all his life. His parents were early settlers of Dromana. His wife predeceased him. The funeral was to the Dromana Cemetery. The coffin bearers were: Cr. Rudduck, Mr. J. F. Cross and Mr. A. H. Cross (nephews), Mr.F.Debney. Rev. E. Shackell read the burial service. Messrs. Hector Gamble and Son conducted the funeral arrangements.
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 4 October 1945 p 3 Article.

DROMANA Mr. J. Matthews, a well-known identity, died at Mornington Hospital recently. He is survived by a wife. The deceased had resided in Dromana for many years. (P.2 same paper and issue!) Sarah died in 1943 so the first report is right and the second is wrong! They had no children.

James Matthews served as President of the Dromana Sports Club, was a trustee of the recreation reserve and supplied materials for the maintenance of the mechanics' institute. Like many, he suffered from the 1939 fire at Dromana.

The local undertaker Mr. J. Matthews who is aged 79 years was almost trapped in his workshop. His home and workshop were destroyed and tools worth £300 and six coffins were lost.(P.2, Argus, 10-1-1939.)

ANOTHER 10 FOR GEORGE.
George and Jane's first child, Jane Ann married James Connell in 1880 at the age of 24, by which time her father would have provided her with a collection of half brothers, two of whom are mentioned below.
After marrying Janet White on 2-1-1866, George had ten more children including William Henry and Charles Albert who were working with Jane Ann's 14 year old son, Anthony Connell, in the Tuerong quarry when the lad was killed.

THAT'S THE YOUNG HORSE!
Mr. J. Oldfield had a narrow escape from a serious accident on Monday. A horse and trap belonging to Mr. Young, of the Three Chain road, bolted from Mornington with the winkers off and without a driver, and ran into Mr. Oldfield's jinker at Mr. Monk's corner, breaking the shaft, and doing other damage. The same day a horse belonging to Mr.Connell bolted in the main street, breaking the shafts also.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 12-1-1902.)

WAS THIS CHARLES ALBERT YOUNG'S HOUSE?
During a thunderstorm on Monday, a five roomed house owned by Mr C. Young at Tuerong, was burnt to the ground. The chimney was struck by lightning, and the whole place set on fire. The building was uninsured.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 24-8-1912.)


TASSELL.
Colin McLear gave Tassell's arrival on the Survey as being in 1860. The following comes from my journal THE TASSELLS OF SAFETY BEACH,RED HILL AND SORRENTO. There is no proof that John Vans Agnew Bruce who died in 1863 was a son in law of Big Clarke and his namesake son who married in the late 1860's certainly wasn't.

Excerpt from my journal THE RED HILL by Sheila Skidmore.

P.41-3. The Village Settlement. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.


H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell. In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present (sic.) The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the late E.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present (sic.) I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.


Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. (An article entitled "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 gives great detail of the village settlement pioneers but does not mention any members of the Tassell family. Tom Sandlant seems to have been on 74a, which had been heavily timbered but he had cleared it.)
However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

In my trove research on the Tassells, I found many references to Dr Robert Tassell, a station master that spent four and a half years at Tooradin (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 22-8-1918) and families at Geelong, Orange Grove Nth Essendon and to the east of Melbourne but none that could be tied to the Safety Beach pioneers.I recall a death notice referring to Deer Park, which is not far from Footscray, so there may have been a connection there, given L.Tassell's address in 1919.


EATON.
Watson Eaton is thought to have come from America with the Griffith family. They farmed together on the Survey while Watson's brother,Bernard F.Eaton, dug just as willingly at Creswick,constructing a "race". Bernard had returned to the Dromana area by 1888 and employed the sons of other Survey pioneers at the Tubbarubba diggings for seven years during which he found only seven ounces of gold, according to THE RED HILL. After Abraham Griffith's death, Watson probably cared for Abraham's widow, Rebecca (nee Hurley),and after Watson's death in 1877, Rebecca administered his will and, rather belatedly,Abraham's. Residents from miles around subscribed towards a marble memorial (now on display in the Dromana Historical Society museum) to acknowledge their appreciation of Watson's medical services after his death - despite the fact that he had admitted being an unregistered practitioner and had never attended university. (P.6, Argus, 3-2-1873. NYALL V SCURFIELD.)

Watson and the Griffith family must have been on the Survey by 1852.

THIS IS WHAT I'VE SPENT YEARS LOOKING FOR. I EVENTUALLY FOUND THE ARTICLE BY TRACING MY EARLY JOURNALS BACK TO WHERE I HAD GIVEN THE SOURCE FOR WATSON EATON'S ADMISSION AND IT WASN'T AT AN INQUEST AS I HAD THOUGHT.

THIS IS WHY I HADN'T FOUND IT ON TROVE.

A\ atson 1 aton a fauna neai rtnimna -
I have been pnetismg medicine foi the last
20 jems I mu not a icgistei.d pnctitionei
Neva was at a univasitj Iliac is no
dot toi ni the neighbourhood

AND IN ENGLISH!
Watson Eaton, a farmer near Dromana-
I have been practising medicine for the last 20 years. I am not a registered practitioner. Never was at a university. There is no doctor in the neighbourhood. (P.6,Argus,3-2-1873.)


EXTRACT FROM MY MANUSCRIPT "DRAMA (DROMANA,ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE" circa 2011.
The Scurfields were still in the hotel in 1869 and were witnesses in a trial. Patrick Nyall had been a Catholic Priest in Schnapper Point (Mornington) and Dromana since 1853. In those days Kangerong had a much larger population than Mornington (as Scurfield told the Governor in 1858- The Argus 29-10-1858 page 4.) Most of them lived on Jamiesons Special Survey, including the Peateys and Clydesdales who were later witnesses for Nyall.
A ship called the Hurricane had been wrecked near Dromana and its mate or chief officer, George Fairlem, had spent some time in charge of guarding the cargo or salvaging it. On the fateful night, George was staying at the hotel when Father Nyall arrived to stay the night on his way to The Heads. To cut a long story short the priest attempted to molest George, received a thrashing from him and was later charged and convicted on the evidence of the Scurfields and Constable William OâShannassy (The Argus 18-9-1869 page 5.)
In 1873, Nyall, defrocked by this time, tried to restore his reputation by charging the Scurfields and OâShannassy with perjury. He had probably enlisted Cecilia Murray, who pretended to be a nun, to convince the faithful to bend the truth a bit so that God could help poor Nyall. Although Clydesdale does not seem much like a Catholic surname, James Clydesdale had married Julia Cahill according to this familyâs genealogy which you will see later. Susan Peatey was probably living at the North east corner of Harrisons Rd with Julia Clydesdale 290 metres east of their 100 acre farm. Because of run off from Arthurs Seat, the Peateysâ land was too wet for farming (crops), forcing a move to Rosebud (behind the school) in 1888. No doubt the Clydesdales had the same problem and apparently both women did cleaning at the Scurfield to help put food on the table. Susan testified that Nyallâs snuff box was found in his own room, rather than Fairemâs, and Julia said that sheâd heard OâShannassy and Mrs Scurfield conspiring to hide this âfactâ. George Peatey said that a boy called Harry Watkins had been going outside during the original trial to tell OâShannassy what the witnesses were saying.
Watson Eaton was also a witness but a question to him intended to show that OâShannassy was a drunk was ruled out of order. It is of interest that Watson, who is discussed elsewhere in this book, stated that he had been practicing medicine in the district since 1853 because there was no doctor and that he had never been to university. Nyallâs lawyers accused the Scurfields and the constable of looting cargo from the Hurricane. The case was dismissed.(The Argus 3-2-1873 page 6.)


GRIFFITH 1860.
From my journal THE AMERICAN BACKGROUND GENEALOGY OF THE GRIFFITH FAMILY OF DROMANA.
Family Tree Maker - Genealogy.com
familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/m/a/l/Verna.../PDFBOOK1.pdf
Esther Davis and William Griffith were witnesses at a wedding at Sadsbury. Monthly Meeting ...... Watson Eaton was a despondent at his inquest. He wrote: "The

Notes for JONAH GRIFFITH:
Abraham is the son of Jonah Griffith, grandson of Abraham & Elizabeth
This is the story of Abraham. He was born in Lancaster County, PA in the year
1816. He is reported as being "the captain of a whaling ship out of Philadelphia"
but I can find nothing to prove this. He met his wife Rebecca Hurley in PA and
they were married in Blair County. Sometime after this they went on the Oregon
Trail but apparently came back to PA. They had five children, but when they came
to Australia, they only had three with them so presumably the other two had died.
On the seventh day of March 1855 a small barque entered the heads and sailed
into Port Phillip Bay. She was the "Nimrod" out of New York. Her captain was G.C.
Whiting and she carried a cargo of wheels, lobsters, furniture, scales and seventy
passengers. The Nimrod weighed in at 450 tons, built in Maine in 1849. Aboard
the Nimrod was Abraham Griffith, his wife Rebecca and three children; Arthamece
aged 15, John Calvin aged 9 and Jonah aged 7. Abraham and Rebecca had two
other sons but as they did not come to Australia it is presumed they had died. The
two boys who presumably died were William Harris and Sylvester. Family lore has
it that Abraham was interested in gold and 1855 was the height of the Victoria
Gold rush. They are believed to have arrived with a "black servant" and a
Conestoga wagon.
With the sub-division of Crown Lands in 1854, more settlers were attracted to the
district, among them being Richard Watkins, an Englishman who is credited with
building the first house in the township. In 1857 he was joined by Abraham
Griffith.
Abraham grew a crop of maize that was the "wonder of the district." They lived on
rented land on Jamison's Survey until the Land Act of 1869 brought changes
allowing settlers to select tracts of less than 350 acres, and those who lived on
the Survey made their application. In 1879 Abraham had 150 acres. In censuses
and old books of the time he is variously described as a farmer, builder and
contractor. He and Rebecca had no children born in Australia. Unfortunately little
is known of Abraham in Victoria. In 1861 he is a patron of the National School,
whatever that was, perhaps a forerunner of the State Schools. In 1861, he signed
a document praising a schoolteacher. On this document is also the signature of his
friend and partner, Watson Eaton. Nothing more is heard of Abraham until March
1874 when he had an accident at Mt. Martha and was injured from which injuries
he died a few days later.
Watson Eaton was a despondent at his inquest. He wrote: "The deceased Abraham
Griffith about 58 years old was my partner. I saw him the day before he was
brought by Mr. Wiseman. His wife and I found him a good deal agitated. The next
three days he was going about and he was able to explain what had happened to
PAGE 22
him. He said the horses ran away with him and that he kept them on the road but
could not keep them away from the saplings. He said the accident would not have
happened but for the saplings."
Abraham is buried in the cemetery at Dromana, as is Rebecca. In company with
about twenty other old graves they are kept tidy by the Dromana Historical
Society. Unfortunately no records have survived as to which grave is which and the
sea winds have worn the inscriptions from the headstones. Jonah is buried there
with his wife as is John Calvin and his wife and Abraham's great grandson Ves
(Sylvester) and his wife.
Child of JONAH (GRIFFITH)and ELIZABETH HARRIS is:
i. ABRAHAM5
GRIFFITH, b. Abt. 1816; d. Australia; m. REBECCA HURLEY; d. Australia.
------------------------
It would seem that Abraham and Rebecca were on the other side of the bay before settling on the survey in 1858.
The many friends of Mrs R. Griffith mother of Cr J. C. Griffith will regret to hear of her death which occurred at her residence on Tuesday 21st inst, although the deceased lady had been ailing for some time her death was not expected. Mrs Griffith was one of the oldest residents of the district, landing on these shores in a small boat from Geelong with her family in 1858.(P.3,Mornington Standard, 30-6-1898.)


A descendant of Sarah Wilson asked for some material I'd promised to provide so I consulted my journal HOW DID SARAH WILSON LEAD ME TO HENRY TUCK? which explains that John Calvin Griffith had married Mary Dowling. Jonah (Dohn) Griffith had married Sarah Sawyer who was the daughter of Isaac and Sarah Sawyer. Her mother, a daughter of Henry Prosser*, had been twice a widow before she died at Jonah and Sarah Griffith's house.
(*See my journal RENOUF ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.)

The children of Arthamecy,Jonah and John are given on pages 69-70 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

RENOUF.âOn the 15th July, at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Sarah, widow of the late Amice Renouf, Frankston, and dearly beloved mother of Mrs. Jonah Griffith (Dromana), Mrs.John Hopcroft (Caulfield), Mrs. H. Sawyer(Neerim South), Mr. H. Sawyer ("Sylvan," Neerim Junction, Gippsland), Mr. J. Sawyer(Moorooduc), Mr. F. Sawyer (Bittern); grandmother of Mr. Alex Henry and his sister, Mrs.W. Martin (Mt. Eliza), aged 93 years. A colonist of 68 years.(P.13,Argus, 29-7-1916.)

In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear gave details of all the children of councillor John Calvin Griffith of Dromana and Mary. Mary Who?

Having all the details of Christie Johnstone's descent from Oliver and Sarah Wilson, I entered "Henry Tuck, obituary" and got what seemed at first hand to be a useless response. But it wasn't, despite the journalist's usual error of rendering Griffith as Griffiths. Mary must have been Mary Dowling!

OBITUARY. DEATH OF MRS. C. DOWLING, By the death of Mrs Catherine Dowling, as mentioned in our last issue, another very old resident of the Mornington Peninsula has been removed from our midst. Mrs Dowling had reached the ripe old age of 86 years at the time of death. Although she was not suffering from any painful illness, she had been gradually failing under the pressure of her advanced years for some considerable time, and her death was not unexpected. She was possessed of an exceedingly kindly, warm hearted disposition, and very many old residents of the district, as well as the younger generation, will remember her as a true friend who had always a kindly word, and was ready to do a kindly action for anyone with whom she came into contact. The deceased lady was born in County Wicklow, Ireland, and reached Melbourne with her husband-who predeceased her by some nineteen years-in the ship " Marco Pauls " on Christmas Day, 1852. She was thus a colonist of nearly 59 years. After spending eight years, in other parts of Victoria, the Dowlings came to Stony Creek, now known as Shoreham, in the year 1860, and they were the first settlers to actually reside on their own holding in this locality, which was a portion of Tuck's Old Manton's Creek run. The country was, at the time of their acquiring the land, in a very rough state, and Mrs Dowling had many interesting incidents of hardships to relate. Her quaint sense of quiet humor always made these reminiscences pleasant to listen to. Their first homestead, a slab erection on the banks of the Creek, was totally destroyed by the collapse of a giant gum tree one very stormy night. In this instance Mr and Mrs Dowling had a very narrow escape from death. A large fork of the tree came down on each side of the bed upon which they were sleeping. Upon another occasion Mr Dowling, when some little distance away from the homestead, was forced by the ferocity of the dingoes to take refuge and spend the night up in the branches of a tree. Of Mrs Dowling's family three daughters and one son, all of whom are well known throughout the Peninsula, are surviving. These are Mrs J. C. Griffiths of Dromana; Mr* Joseph Stanley. of Balnarring; Mrs West, and Mr Christy Dowling, who was living at "The Glen" with his mother at the time of her death. The recent demise of one daughter, Mrs Henry Tuck, of Flinders, is sadly re- membered by her friends, as is also that of another daughter, Mrs J. West. A son, Mr Thomas Dowling, died some years ago, and another son expired in infancy. The remains of the deceased lady were interred in the Flinders general cemetery, when a very large number of people attended the funeral to show their last respects.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 5-8-1911.)

OWNERSHIP.
WHOLE SURVEY.
The claim that Jamieson engaged agents to handle the Survey in 1851 seems groundless; the Bank of Australasia probably owned the survey even before Henry Dunn started his lease.

BY ORDER OF THE MORTGAGEE.
5,120 ACRES,PARISH OF KANGERONG, COUNTY UNNAMED. ( Mornington dummies)
A Grant by Purchase to Hugh Jamieson, and a Special Survey.
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION BY Mr SAMUEL LYONS, at his Mart,George-street and Charlotte-place, on
THURSDAY, 8th February, 1844, at Twelve o'clock precisely.
DESCRIPTION,
As per Deed of Grant, under the hand and seal of his Excellency Sir George Gipps, dated 18th day of October, 1841.
All that piece or parcel of land, containing by admeasurement five thousand one hundred and twenty acres, be the same more or less, situated in the county (unnamed), and parish of Kangerong, near Mount Martha-
bounded on the west by Port Phillip Bay ; on the north by a line about ten chains south of Mount Martha,
bearing east three hundred and twenty-eight chains seventy-five links; on the east by a line bearing south one hundred and sixty chains; and on the south by a line bearing west three hundred and sixty-nine chains seventy-five links being the land advertised as Lot 6 in the Government Notice dated 8th June, 1841.
A Cottage has been erected on the estate, and other improvements have been made thereon.
Terms at sale. 758 (P.4, The Sydney Morning Herald,17-1-1844.)

WORD OF MOUTH?
Thereafter the agents don't seem to have advertised any portions of the survey for lease,the only mention of the survey being as a locator to describe crown land advertised for sale. In 1895 Worrell and Moody applied for a mining lease on the eastern part of Sir William Clarke's portion and land owned by Alfred Downward who was occupying both pieces of land. The action started after 1900.

The part of the survey north of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway was one of John Vans Agnew Bruce's many land purchases. He died in 1863 and in 1872, they were all advertised for sale, the survey land being lot 12.
It obviously did not sell, with both portions of the survey, the Clarke Estate and Bruce Estate, being advertised in subdivision lots from about 1905.The southern boundary of Bruce's portion (Brokil Creek)was of course called Bruce's Creek but the name that endured was that of Edwin Louis Tassell, tenant from about 1860 till his death.

Lot 12. The Mount Martha Estate 1004 acres. It is situate between Schnapper Point and Dromana, with a large frontage to the bay and the Schnapper Point road*. It cuts through the southern shoulder of the mount for its northern boundary, gradually sloping to the valley and bank of Bruce's Creek, all enclosed, capital soil,
well grassed, lightly timbered, and having now on it 700 sheep, 40 head cattle and horses, which might be quadrupled by the introduction of English grasses &c. (P.2,Argus,1-1-1872.) *Moorooduc Rd.


SUBDIVISION SALES.
THE BRUCE ESTATE.
When I talked the nice fellas at the P.R.O.V.into supplying free copies of the subdivision plan of the Clarke Estate,I didn't want to push my luck. I will not be able to provide locations of any lots mentioned.

This advertisement (extracts only) gives some detail not included in the February 1902 advertisement.
7 MARINE RESIDENCE SITES, containing from 4 to 7 acres, fronting the (PROPOSED!)Esplanade or Foreshore-road, running from MORNINGTON TO DROMANA, on the southern slope of Mt. Martha, and commanding an uninterrupted view across the Bay, embracing the South Channel, the battery, Mud Island and the coast line, with its hamlets and towns, and ever varying objects to and through the Heads, as beautiful in detail as it is vast in extent, and presenting a never ending feast to the eye, while the grand ranges which divide Dromana from the ocean, and such a romantic character to the island scenery, temper the south-west gales.

Some of the lots actually go to the water's edge, thus giving the fortunate owner the EXCLUSIVE RIGHT TO THE SHORE which in older countries would be deemed invaluable. Being close to the town of Dromana, there is during the summer months daily access to the city by steamer and at all times by tram (SIC, TRAIN) and coach, and as for rides and drives, no watering place compares in that respect with DROMANA,........

Also 42-ACRE HOMESTEAD BLOCK bounded on 3* sides by Government roads and securely fenced. It is beautifully situated, with clumps of trees thereon; in fact an IDEAL RESIDENCE SITE.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-1-1901.)

*This indicates that Ben Stenniken at one time occupied the homestead block (P.45 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA), that the residence of the Bruce family during the "season" was probably the homestead built by Edward Hobson circa 1837,one of the grandest in the Port Phillip District at the time (I SUCCEEDED ONCE Marie Fels) and that Maria Stenniken didn't walk along the Sea Lane to go to work. The three Government roads would have been the unmade Ellerina Rd, and the Nepean Highway and Three Chain (Moorooduc) Road which merge at McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 C7.) More detail in the MARIA STENNIKEN entry.

Friday, 14th February. At 2 o'Clock. On the Ground.
DROMANA. Near MT. MARTHA,BAY FRONTAGES.UNSURPASSED MARINE RESIDENCE SITES:
Also AGRICULTURAL AREAS,In Lots to suit the Small Farmer, the Market Gardener and Others Practising Intense culture. RICK ALLUVIAL FLAT,Part of Jamieson's Special Survey. Renowned for the Excellence and Productiveness of the toil, Especially that of the Well Watered Flats,
TRUSTEES' SALE.
JOHN BUCHEN and Co,are instructed by the trustees of the late J. V. A.Bruce (i.e.Junior)to sell by public auction, on the ground, on 14th February, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon,
7 MARINE RESIDENCE SITES.from 5 to 7 acres fronting Esplanade, or Foreshore;
400 ACES RICH ALLUVIAL LAND,divided into 8 lots about 50 acres each;
84 ACRES ORCHARD LAND,in 2 lots, on the side of Mt Martha
426 ACRES GRAZING LAND divided into 5 blocks from 47 to 130 acres;
42 ACRE HOMESTEAD BLOCK. (P.2,Mornington Standard, 8-2-1902.)

LATER SALES.
Messrs John Buchan and Sons offered in Melbourne on the 18th 550 acres of the unsold portions of Bruce's Estate,Mt Martha. It was passed in.(P.4,Mornington Standard,3-1-1903.)

Messrs John Buchan and Co. have sold 220 acres, at Mt. Martha, the remainder of Bruce's estate, on behalf of the trustees, at the price of £1 10s per acre, the purchaser being Mr James Connell, of Tuerong.
(P.2 Mornington Standard, 1-7-1905.)

Mr. Callaghan, of Melbourne, who was a large buyer in Clarke's Estate at Dromana, has purchased a number of blocks at Mt. Martha, including 90 acres from the executors of Bruce's Estate.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 13-7-1907.)


THE CLARKE ESTATE.
LAND AT DROMANA.
MORNINGTON, Monday.-Sir Rupert Clarke's estate at Dromana, situated between Mount Martha and Red Hill, running
to within a quarter of a mile of the Dromana township, and containing 4000 acres of grazing and agricultural land, mostly black flats, is to be subdivided and offered for sale in 1907, at the conclusion of the present tenants' leases. (P.8,Argus,10-10-1906.)

Land Sale at Mornington
There was a good attendance at the subdivisional sale of 4,350 acres of agricultural and grazing land situated
near Dromana, held at the Mornington Mechanics' on Wednesday afternoon. The sale was conducted by Mr. Keast,
M.L.A., who acted in conjunction with John Buchan and Co., and J.W.Hazeldine, on behalf of the Executrix and Executor of the Estate of the late Sir W. J. Clarke. The land was offered in suitable blocks for closer settlement, but evidently it was considered to be unfit for that purpose by Melbourne buyers, as they were
conspicuous by their absence.

With the exception of a Melbourne speculator, Mr P. Callaghan, who secured 1,594 acres, mostly at low rates, the rest of the estate was purchased by local residents, of whom Messrs. Gibson (710 acres), and Downward
778 acres, were the largest purchasers. The highest price paid was £8 7s 6d per acre for 10 acres near Dromoana
township, the buyer being Mr.Rudduck. The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong failed to secure the 20 acres, containing a quarry reserve.

There was loud applause, when Mr. H.Griffiths' bid secured the homestead block, containing 205 acres, at £5 per
acre, and the action of a Dromana man in bidding against Mr. Griffiths, and running him from £3 to £5, was regarded as a most unneighbourly thing to do. The land was sold at a price,which considering the price of land in other parts of Victoria, must be regarded as very cheap, 4,076 acres were sold at an average price of £2 4s
per acre. Mr. Keast did not waste much time over the lots, and succeeded in disposing of the Estate, with the
exception of a number of frontage blocks, in under an hour. Mr. William Hewitt was present on behalf of Sir
Rupert Clarke, who had sailed to England the previous day.

The sales effected were as follows:
No. BLOCK Acre Rd Per Buyer Price per acre LOCATION
1. 56 .1.10 W. Gibson: £3.- Pickings Rd N, Tassell Rd houses E, Clyde Rd houses S, Dromana Pde. W.
2. 52.0.17 P. Callaghan £1 15 - Balmoral Ave houses N, Mary St E, Frank St houses S,Dromana Pde. W.
3. 25.o. 30 W. Gibson: .£5 -Fleming St houses N, George St houses E, Nepean Hwy S,Dromana Pde. W.
4. 25. 1. 3 W. Gibson £4 - Adjoins Frank St houses N, Village Life Ret. Vill. N.E. cnr., S.E.cnr opp. Dromana Garden Supplies, adjoins George St houses W.
5. 32.0.6 W. Gibson £4 5s -Fairway Dr houses N, S.E.cnr.opp.south bound on ramps,Nep. Hwy S, Mary St W.
6. 129. 3. 11 W. Gibson .£3- Pickings Rd N, Holiday Village/Drive in boundary E, Nep.Hwy S, Adjoins Tassell Rd houses W.
7. 129.3.30 W. Gibson £2/10 -Pickings Rd N, adjoins lot 6 contains all courts north of Lake View Dr.& drive in.
8. 121.4. 34 W. Gibson £3 - Pickings Rd N, contains 10th-14th holes,SE cnr opp.the l in Bald Hill.
9. 205.1.12 H. Griffiths .£5 - Adjoins 8.NW Bluestone cottage, NE end of Pickings Lane, Nep.Hwy east and south.
Lots 10-19 were on the east side of Moorooduc Rd,which,south of McKenzies Junction, was renamed the Nepean Highway. Lots 10 to 14 were south of Patterson's Lane (now Wallaces Rd) and lots 15-19 north from Wallaces Rd to the southern boundary of the Bruce Estate (which will be detailed before lot 15.)

10. 134.0.20 W, Gibson £3/17/ 6- sealed part of Wallaces Rd N, Nep.Hwy W, Mel.160 K4, parts 161 A3-4.
11. 130.1.18 N. Rudduck £2/15 -Nep. Hwy W, NE cnr at bottom of 161A4, Dunns Ck Rd S with SE cnr opp. No 665.
12. 270. 2. 11A. Downward L1/12/6-Adjoins 10 and 11. NW=u in unsealed, NE=Wallaces Rd bend in top right cnr of 161C3, SE cnr= C in C788, SW cnr=No. 665.
13. 307.1. 5 P. Callaghan £1 -NW Wallaces Rd bend in 161 C3,NE+ halfway across 161G3, SE=top left cnr of 161C7, SW=C in C788.
13A. 20 Qu'ry Site P. Callaghan £3- Square block at Sw cnr of 13 measuring 14cm x 14cm on Melway.
14. 532.1. 0 P. Callaghan £1 -East of lot 13 to line of Bulldog Creek Rd, Dromana boundary on East and South.

All but lot 19 have Wallaces Rd as a southern boundary and all but lot 18 adjoin Bruce's estate at the north. The boundary between Clarke's Estate and Bruce's Estate is a line joining the south end of the Marine Drive tunnel (Melway 150 E11)to Bulldog Creek Rd 1.5 mm below the bottom of 151 K12. McKenzies Junction (151 B12) is the north west corner of lot 19.
15. 354.2. 0 P. Callaghan £1-West from Bulldog Creek Rd to Turramurra Estate Vineyard at S and Bulldog Ck at N.
16. 260 .0.37 H Downward £1 5 -West of lot 15 to middle of 151 E12 at N,and opp. 200 Wallaces Rd at S.
17. 249. 1. 0 H. Downward £1/5/0 -West of lot 16 to middle of top of 151 C12 at N and Wallaces Rd bend between Nos 135 and 120.
The purchaser of lots 18 and 19 was probably Godfrey Patterson who would have been named after Godfrey Burdett Wilson. Colin McLear states that Wallaces Rd was known to all as Patterson's Lane. Both run west from lot 17 to the highway, the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery (top of 160 B2) being in the north east corner of lot 18 and lot 19 extending north to McKenzies Junction.
18. 143.2.18 G. Patterson £2 10 -see italics above.
19. 143. 0.23 G. Patterson £2 10 -see italics above.

Lots 20-24 were between the Nepean Highway and Dromana Parade with all but lot 20 fronting Pickings Rd/Lane in the south and all but lot 21 adjoining Bruce's estate at the line joining Martha Cove Waterway and McKenzies Junction.Lots 20 and 21 went west from the highway to a line joining points between Island Drive and the waterway in 150 J11 (N) and the west end of Pickings Lane.
20. 125.3.0 W. Kefford £2/5/0 -North of a line joining point just below Drain in 150 H12 and C787 just below 151 A12.
21. 121.0.6 P. Callaghan L2/15/0- South of the line described above to Pickings Lane.
22. 127.2.37 G. B. Wilson £3 10-West of 20 and 21 to and including Island Drive house lots to Brindabella Point roundabout.
23. 127. 0.19 G. B. Wilson £4 -West from lot 22 to and including Rymer St houses.
24 226.3.6 P. Callaghan £3 -West to Dromana Pde.

Lots 25 to 54 were all roughly 5 acres between Dromana Pde and the coast. They were all about 10 chains deep and there was no provision for Marine Drive. Thus it is possible that the original coast road from Mornington to Dromana was the Esplanade/Ellerina Rd/Mt Martha Rd and Dromana Pde.
53. 5 N.Rudduck £8/7/6 -Six chain (120 m)frontage to shore and 186 m Pt Nepean Rd frontage from shore.
54. 5 N. Rudduck £8/7/6- about 140 metre frontage to Pt Nepean Rd and 100 m frontage to Dromana Pde.

For block 55, containing 242 acres, £1 was offered by Mr. H. P. Davey, but was passed in for private sale, as were 26 blocks, containing 5 acres each, with a frontage to Port Phillip Bay. For these blocks £5 , was offered, the reserve being £6.(P.2,Mornington Standard, 27-4-1907.)

From my SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY journal.
SURVEY OCCUPANTS FROM THE RATEBOOKS.
3-9-1864.W.J.T.(Big) Clarke 2760 acres (i.e. untenanted); Joseph Clark N.A.V. 2 pounds; Charles Dyson, house and garden, N.A.V. 6 pounds; Watson Eaton, 100 acres, 20 cultivated,large house and garden; Abraham Griffiths (sic) no details,N.AV. 35 pounds;Henry ?, house and 20 acres; Walter Gibson hut and 36 acres; John Gibson hut and 80 acres 20 cultivated; William Marshall 2 roomed hut and 70 cres; James Mitchell hut; Charles Ray house and 1000 acres, fenced; Louis Edward (sic) Tassell house and 1000 acres (leased from Big Clarke who had not yet sold the Brokil Estate to Bruce); Henry Wilson hut.

1865.Charles Dyson had a 2 roomed house and 59 acres but my notes do not specify the Survey.Watson Eaton 210 acres and 4 roomed house; Abraham Griffiths- no details; Thomas Farnby 14 acres, 1 roomed house (survey not specified); Walter Gibson 249 acres and 2 roomed house; William Marshall 60 acres, 2 roomed house;Charles Ray 1000 acres and 2 roomed house; Edwin Louis Tassell 1000 acres and 2 roomed house.

1879. W.J.Clarke (Big Clarke's son) 2128 acres; George Elliman 10 acres; Rebecca Griffiths(sic)947 acres; Jonah(Dohn)Griffiths (sic)50 acres; Walter Gibson 525 acres; Charles Ray 400 acres.

1900. Despite properties in the parish of Wannaeue being fairly well described the rate collector had no idea where properties in the parish of Kangerong were. Some of the following property would have been on the survey, and although I could determine how much was,I can't spare the weeks it would take.
Alf Downward 1100 acres; John Calvin Griffith 1650 acres. Sir William Clarke (or Rupert Clarke)does not seem to have been assessed on at least 1200 acres;no wonder the Shire was soon nearly broke!

1910.James Connell farmer Mornington 238 acres, lots 3-6 Bruce's; James Connell farmer Tuerong 230 acres 1, 2 Bruce's;Patrick Callaghan, Melbourne Agent, 242 acres Clarke's,12 acres 21 and 22 Bruce's, 152 acres 25 and 54 of Clarke's, 30 acres part 24 Clarke's,243 acres lot 55 Clarke's (and possibly another 593 acres with lot numbers but no mention of Clarke or Bruce); Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 Clarke's, 120 acres Clarke's,508 acres lots 16, 17 Clarke's; John Calvin Griffith 205 acres lot 9 Clarke's; Walter Gibson 528 acres lots 1, 3-8 Clarke's, 400 acres 4, 9, 9A, 10 Clarke's, 130 acres 10 of Clarke's; O.A.Kefford, inspector,126 acres,lot 20 Clarke's; R.B. and S.F.Morrow 325 acres 21 and part 24 Clarke's;Ralph Godfrey Patterson 287 acres lots 18,19 Clarke's; Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck 130 acres lot 11 Clarke's; John E.Thompson 406 acres 13, part 14 Clarke's; Godfrey Burdett Wilson 255 acres 22,23 Clarke's.

Notice how the shire's possible bankruptcy could be avoided by rating both Griffith and Gibson on lot 9 and rating Gibson twice on his bull paddock ,lot 10! Don't let this happen to you!!

1920. Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 special survey (henceforth s.s.);Herb Downward 509 acres 16,17 s.s.; William John McNabb replacing Patrick Fleming but both crossed out, 52 acres lot 2 s.s.; William Gibson 659 acres lots 1, 3-8, 10 s.s.; Bertram John Davey 446 acres lot 13,part 14 s.s.; Owen E. Kefford 125 acres lot 20 s.s.; Jennings Brothers, Rye (crossed out) 280 acres lots 18,19 s.s.; Perpetual Executors and Agency Co (Dutton owner) 318 acres lot 21, 24 s.s.;Cyril Smith, Mornington 468 acres lots 1, 2, 3, 6 s.s.; Mrs Maria Wilson (the former servant at Bruce's house and Godfrey's widow)254 acres lots 22, 23 s.s.;Ben Wilson (named after Ben Stenniken of course)150 acres lot 5 s.s.; Henry Burdett Coutts Wilson,Sorrento,100 acres part 5 s.s.;
Sam Wilson (named after Sam Sherlock, brother of the wife of Ben Stenniken) 180 acres part 5 s.s.

I thought I'd check how many acres were in lot 5, which was split among Ben, Henry and Sam Wilson.Guess what, lot 5 consisted of 32 acres!

MARIA STENNIKEN AND BULLOCKY WILSON'S SURVEY BLOCK.
Except in wartime and the 1890's depression,peninsula men married their neighbours. So how did Maria Stenniken of Rye come to marry Godfrey Burdett Wilson of Dromana?
PLEASE EXPLAIN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! QUOTE BOTTOM P.43 AND P. 45 OF A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
"In the early 1860's,he(Henry William Wilson) moved to Dromana. He had a bullock dray and four bullocks and lived in a slab hut on what was later to become Walter Gibson's Number 10 paddock of 125 acres, then part of Jamieson's Special Survey." (Lot 10 is south of the Wallaces Rd corner,roughly Melway 160K4.)

"Godfrey (Burdett Wilson's) wife Maria was from a pioneering family on the Peninsula.The Stennikens had property at Rye but also at Dromana where they had a triangular block, the base of which was formed by Nepean Highway and the sides of Moorooduc Road and the higher reaches of Tassell's Creek."

In the advertisement for the 42 acre homestead block on the Bruce Estate,it is described as being surrounded by three Government roads. That meant the land had been reserved for the roads, not that they had been made. Moorooduc Rd was the original HIGHWAY to Dromana, its original name of three chain road indicating that this was so; travellers from Frankston would get to it via Olivers Hill, Old Mornington Rd, Mt Eliza Way and Wooralla Drive. Normal Government roads were only one chain (20 metres) wide. The parish of Moorooduc shows the Nepean Highway as a one chain road leading from Mt Eliza Way/Wooralla Dr to Melway 151 C5 and continuing south west as Forest Dr while two tracks are shown running much as the highway does through the Mt Martha pre-emptive right ("Dalkeith"). These were both gazetted in the early 1880's.

Colin McLear's description of the Stenniken triangular block (in bold type above)is rather misleading as to the base of the triangle. The base (most southerly part) of the triangle was actually the junction of the minor road that became the Nepean Highway and the three chain road (Moorooduc Rd),or in other words, McKenzies Junction (Melway 151 B12.)This was almost exactly a mile north of Wallace's Rd and Lot 10 of Clarke's Estate where Henry William Wilson had his hut as shown in the 1864 rates above.The northern boundary of Stenniken's triangular block was a road reserve that is now indicated by Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Rd across which the upper reaches of Tassell's Creek flowed at the north west corner of Stenniken's triangle. As the road existed only on parish maps,Colin could not name it as the northern boundary of Stenniken's triangle,hence the reference to Tassells Creek. (This broken road of many names is the boundary of the parishes of Kangerong and Moorooduc (to the north.)

Stenniken's triangle WAS Bruce's 42 acre Homestead Block,surrounded by Moorooduc Rd (E),Nepean Highway(W) and Ellerina Rd(N).Ben Stenniken may have fattened cattle there and his wife (nee Sherlock)may have been caretaker at the magnificent house erected by Jamieson sometime between 1841 and 1844 when the survey was lost to a mortgagee (or perhaps earlier by Edward Hobson when he was squatting there-see map in I SUCCEEDED ONCE.) Naturally the children,including Maria,would go with their parents and after a bit of cleaning, another trip to see Uncle Sam (Sherlock) at Green Island might be on the cards before heading back west. On the way home,they'd pass Henry Wilson's hut on lot 10 of the Clarke Estate. This would have happened before 1865 when Bullocky Henry Wilson became Butcher Henry Wilson and took over the McLears' slaughtering operations on Maryfield.

And that's how Godfrey Burdett Wilson and Maria Stenniken, who married in 1878, met each other!

Godfrey and Maria would have lived at Beauvoir (still standing at 8 McCulloch St, Dromana) which Godfrey had built in the 1880's. It was named after the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in London which Godfrey's father had run before they came to Australia. Godfrey died in 1919 and his widow, Maria, lived in Burdett Cottage in Heales St until her death in 1927. Burdett Cottage was used to house the bush nursing hospital until the hospital was built on Nelson Rudduck's donated 3 acres of Karadoc. (Henry William Wilson had married Thamer Burdett, hence Godfrey's second given name and the name of the cottage.)

SAFETY BEACH AFTER 1920. (From my journal SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY.)
MR JAGGER AND BILLY.
Billy wasn't a person. When Mr Jagger,who lived and milked a few cows on a small Survey block of about 5 *acres delivered Dromana's milk,he put it into each customer's billy. (*Between Dromana Pde and the shore.)

EXCERPT FROM MY "THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC".
MILK FOR DROMANA.
In the early 1930s much of Dromana's milk was delivered by a Mr Jagger, who had a few acres in Safety Beach, probably near Link Drive. Jagger milked a few cows himself but the bulk of his milk came from the Bournes. He would pick up their milk churns from their front gate (at the east end of Range Rd,formerly White's Lane)and commence his round from there.
Between about 1935 and 1940, Mr Fenton took over the round. He had about 50 acres thought to be in the vicinity of Callas St. This was James Boag's old "Melrose"dairy/guest house by Palmerstone Ave opposite the head of Seacombe St which became the Turner Estate. (A Dreamtime of Dromana.) Once again the Bournes were his only supplier. The Fentons called their house Melrose.
Roy and Pearl Drew took over the 50 acres and the milk round in about 1940, relying on milk from the Bourne farm until the end of the war. Roy and Pearl must have had some energy left at bedtime because they had 17 children! It is likely that the Turner Estate was subdivided soon afterwards to accommodate the many young men returning from the war and making up for lost time by starting families.
Bill and Emily Bourne switched to cream production in 1945. They sold it to Mr Roberts who collected the cream cans from the front gate and took it to Moorooduc Station to be transported to Melbourne.



MR BEAN AND THE RACING CARS.
DROMANAS MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.) Herbert sold land to Mrs Guilfoyle and their dispute is reported on page 11 of the Argus of 21-7-1926. Herbert was a merchant of Flinders Lane. It would appear that the Lochley Chase Guest House would have occupied only a small portion of Beans original property.

Now we will look at an article on page 13 in The Argus of 27-11-1928, about nine years after the last assessment available on microfiche.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.

Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.


THE GOLF CLUB.
Dromana's first golf course is shown on Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana.
Apart from a few tournaments in 1913, the words golf and Dromana were not paired again until 1928.
A. 27-11-1928, page 13. An area was to be set aside for a golf course at Safety Beach. This article will be reproduced verbatim under the heading of SAFETY BEACH (after Dromamas Mr Bean.) A. 8-10-1929, page 13. The tower on the mountain is being repaired and a nine hole golf course is being laid out. Little did those concerned realize that the concrete tower (which the new lift company wants to demolish) was to replace the old lighthouse a little more than half a decade later. The golf course would not have been connected with the local club. It was probably another initiative of Spencer Jackson, who wrote a history of Dromana two years earlier and organized a road to the tower in this year (as the plaque he presented testifies.) While Spencer did many things to advance the town, his deeds usually also assisted sales of land in his Foreshore and Panoramic Estates. The course might have also been a project undertaken by Lawson who built The Garden of the Moon. This might be an appropriate time to mention Frank Alfred Gaylor and the hotel on Arthurs Seat. The notice of his application for a licence for the Hollywood Inn appeared on page14 of The Argus of 22-11-1937 and listed conditions.
A.5-9-1930, page 10. Nearly 70 acres have been set aside at Safety Beach for a golf course. Design is left to Mr A. Russell. It will open about the middle of December. It is possible that Mr Russell was an Essendon resident, the son of the grantee of 166 acres on the east side of Collins Rd that became part of Walter Gibsons Glenholme and the custodian of the Essendon (Moonee Ponds) Town Hall pictured on page 5 of The Argus of 9-1-1932. He had probably learned his golf on the McCrackens Mar Lodge Estate at Essendon on the west side of McCracken St. A.22-12-1930, page 3. New Links at Dromana. Dromana Country Golf Clubs course at the foot of Mt Martha is in a rough state. There are nine holes and all command beautiful views of Port Phillip Bay, Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat. A. 21-12-1933. The President, Dr A.McDonald said that the club had been through lean times and hoped that residents would support an undertaking which was a great asset to the town. A. 24-9-1937, page 25. Applications are invited for occupancy of Dromana course, including residence*, equipment, mowers etc. retention of green fees. Apply Southern Developments Pty Ltd or Secretary Dromana Golf Club, Shire Hall, Dromana. (*Mr Beans house?) A. 1-6-1938, page 6. The Southern Development Co., which has 200 acres at Safety Beach, has sunk a bore (details about depths and flow.) Provision has been made for the golf course to be extended to 18 holes. A. 26-11-1938, page 6. Annual Meeting. Pres.-Mr L.E.Barnes; Sec.- Mr J.Holland. Mr Barnes might have been from Rosebud as Peter Wilson mentions that a member of the Barnes Honey family had a holiday home there. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres at Red Hill near the Kindilan Society site in 1919-20.

WHERE WAS THE SAFETY BEACH GOLF COURSE THAT OPENED IN 1930?
Admittedly, the following evidence is far from first-hand. I had obtained the land plan for Clarkes Dromana Estate and knew that the course had been on the land of R.A.C.V. President, Mr Bean, but this did not help me to pinpoint the location of the course. In desperation I paid a visit to the present golf club at Safety Beach. I thought I had struck gold when one of the chaps started telling me in great detail about the original course. Then the penny dropped. Is this the circa 1930 course? I asked. Everyone was stunned and then I heard, Les knows! This was Les Belot. Les had never played on the course but we did have an enjoyable chat about the horse on the green at Jack Warnocks private course on the present Village Glen at Rosebud West.
This is the chain of evidence. Les has a mate, a member of the pioneering Red Hill Prossor family, who was clearing land with the help of a friend. This friends father had been a plumber and had worked at the club house of the golf course. It is possible that this fibro building, 67 Seaview Ave, had been Mr Beans holiday house and later Locksley Chase Guest House after World War 2. I inspected the house briefly and was able to observe that it had a huge lounge room, capable of being used for a meeting of over a hundred people or a dance. Through the same chain of information, Les learned that the course occupied the land which became, in about 1990, A.V.Jennings Horizon Estate. This was bounded by Victoria (possibly Patterson) St, Rhymer, Tonkins St and Seaview Ave. Many golf balls were discovered when the subdivision was being cleared.
It is of interest that the last mention of the club was the annual meeting at the end of 1938, Dr A.McDonald was the President in 1933, hoping that residents would support the club, J. McDonald and sons built the St Georges Course at Rye (Argus 7-6-1938 page12), a report of a tournament at Rye (Argus 27-6-1939 page 15) refers to R. Munro of Dromana winning an event there and G.W.Brown (the shire engineer according to A Dreamtime of Dromana p.171) winning an 18 hole competition at the Dromana Branch. Also that Roy W. McDonald, Dromana Real Estate Agent was advertising land at Safety Beach in 1950. The McDonalds course at Rye, bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde was being sold by Bill Prentice in 1952 (Argus 10-4-1952 p.2) and Ossie Pickworths rival, Colin Campbell, used the opportunity to establish the Rye Public Links where we now see Hogan Dr., Thompson Tce, Sarazen St, Bacchli St etc. Did the McDonalds move their operation to Safety Beach. The Carriggs had included easy access golf in their 1939 advertisements; perhaps the McDonalds had taken up the offer of 1937 to lease the obviously under-patronised course and made it a branch of their Rye operation. After 1939, the hotel no longer advertised golf and searches have found no further mention of golf at Dromana or Rye but it is certain that the Rye course was still being used.
It is possible that the Rye and Safety Beach courses operated until about 1950 and their closure caused the formation of Rosebud Park in 1951. It is possible also that the guest house, about which no advertisement has been found, ran the course as a private facility.


PICKINGS FOR THE PHEASANTS AT THE FAUNA PARK.
EXPORT OF NATIVE GAME. COUNCILLOR ADVOCATES AMENDMENT OF LAW. ENTERPRISE TIED UP WITH RED TAPE. Cr. J. Unthank told last meeting of the. Shire Council that he had been much impressed when he paid a visit to Mr. D. Picking's fauna park at Dromana. Cr. Unthank said Mr. Picking told him that the law forbidding the export of native game prevented him from disposing of a lot of stock. If he was not so tied down with red tape he could have one of the finest zoological gardens in Australia. Cr. Unthank said he saw about 200 pheasants on Mr. Picking's farm coming to the homestead to be fed. There were peacocks, emus, kangaroos, wallabies and other game moving about the farm. He (Cr. Unthank) advocated an amendment of the game laws to permit the export of a limited number of specimens of native game. (P.1,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 14-4-1934.)

REV.W.H.TAYLOR.
Rev.Taylor would have been one of the first to reside on the Survey for non-farming purposes. He had been in the area in 1917 and by 1928 had probably retired as a Methodist minister. As he was related to the Bean family,it is possible that he was living in Bean's house at the time of his death.

TAYLOR. On the 21st April, at Safety Beach, Dromana, Victoria, Rev. William H. Taylor, dearly loved husband of Esther, and loving father of Rev. F. W. Taylor (Numurkah),Will H. Taylor (450 Little Collins-street, Melbourne), Win (Mrs. W. G.Roberts, Main Ridge), Rene (Mrs.A. McCutcheon, Cavendish), and Doris (deceased). At rest.(P.1, Examiner, Launceston,3-5-1935.)

Now I'm wondering why this notice was in a Tassie newspaper and how Win Taylor came to meet W.G.Roberts of Main Ridge.

TAYLOR/ ROBERTS/ BEAN.

Reverend Taylor had probably been at Safety Beach for at least seven years and was involved with the Mornington Peninsula Development League, apparently handling the sale of badges to raise funds for improvements on Arthurs Seat.

PENINSULA DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE MEETING AT HASTINGS.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 16 November 1928 p 2 Article.
BEAUTIFUL MARINE DRIVE.
Rev. Taylor said how favorably impressed Mr. Clapp was with Marine Drive when he visited Mornington recently. Mr. Clapp was most anxious to see the road trafficable: Rev. Taylor said the best thanks of the league were due to Mr. Jackson for his efforts in having Marine Drive attended to in Flinders shire portion.

I was thinking Rev. Taylor might have been the Presbyterian minister at Dromana in the 1890's until I found this.

News of the Churches. MORNINGTON AND DROMANA CIRCUIT
Spectator and Methodist Chronicle (Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Wednesday 18 April 1917 p 439 Article
News of the Churches.
MORNINGTON AND DROMANA CIRCUIT (extract)
Mr Roberts was appointed the Sunday School visitor. Rev. W. H. Taylor reported that he had visited most of the Sunday Schools in the interest of the Young Australia Temperance League, and that nearly all the scholars had signed the pledge. The resignation of Mr.Trewin, the Junior Circuit Steward, on account of ill health, was accepted, and Mr. Counter was appointed in his place.

I wouldn't mind betting that the Rev.W.H.Taylor was living in the house on the north west corner of Seaview and Victoria St, Safety Beach at the time of his death in 1935. This house was the homestead of Mr Bean,one time president of the R.A.C.V., who organised the R.A.C.V.speed trials at Safety Beach, and was probably introduced to Spencer Jackson by Rev.W.H.Taylor himself. (See my journals about SAFETY BEACH and SPENCER JACKSON AND THE BUS BAN for sources.)

GOLDEN WEDDING.
TAYLOR-BEAN-On the 2nd April, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents "Sutton"
Haines street, North Melbourne, by the Rev J W Crisp, assisted by the Rev.W.H. Taylor, brother of the bridegroom Frank E Taylor, youngest son of Mr and Mrs.J.E. Taylor,North Melbourne to Louisa, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs J.Bean. (Present Address, 20 Grace St, Moonee Ponds.)
(Family Notices,The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 2 April 1935 p 1.)


STREET NAMES.
Wallaces Rd
was known to oldtimers as Patterson's Lane. Godfrey Patterson bought lots 18 and 19 fronting the highway to McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 B11)and Wallaces Rd to its first bend (160 B3.)The Jennings Bros.of Rye had a dairy on the east corner of Rosebud Pde in Rosebud (outside which is a statue and historical plaque) and the 1919 rates show that they had been occupying lots 18 and 19.

Bruce Rd
See BRUCE, TASSELL AND THE BROKIL ESTATE above. Ellerina Rd was known to the female drover, Shirley Bourne, and the Jacksons of "Dalkeith" as THE SEA LANE. It is the boundary between the parishes of Moorooduc and Kangerong.

Pickings Rd. Refer to the article about the Fauna Park.

MAKING FRIENDS!
Miss Shirley Ann Richards, the Australian film star, with a flying phalanger yesterday when she visited the Picking Fauna Park,Dromana. (Caption for photo,P.3, Argus,27-10-1937.)

The Pickings seem to have been on the Survey from about 1923 until at least the 1950's. The Pickings boys must have had artistic talent to rival that of another Dromana lad,Melbourne Brindle. They obviously got their talent from their father, Doug.

DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 30 March 1944 p 2 Article
... DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST Bruce Picking, young son and Mrs. Douglas Picking, Dromana, has commenced study National Art Gallery. A future is predicted for this sma lad. ... 27 words

Douglas Picking must have used at least part of his property for normal farming practices, one of which was breeding sheep.

HIGH PRICE FOR RAM. Cr. David Boyd, of Berwick, who has one of the leading flocks of Rye- land sheep in the State, has, for the purpose of improving his flock, purchased from Mr. Douglas Picking, of Dromana, the stud Ryeland ram, Picking's R1880. The price paid was 30 guineas which, at the present time, is an exceptionally high price for a ram.

Coutts St
I believe that Thamer Burdett was distantly related to Countess Burdett-Coutts and that the use of Coutts as a given name was an example of name-dropping, as in the case of Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud who used Vivian as a given name for his offspring and Vivyan for his vineyard (leading his descendants to wrongly believe that he was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian.) She married Henry William Wilson and two of their children, Godfrey and Thamer,were given Burdett as second given names.Godfrey's eldest son was called Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson. Not long before leaving Dromana to manage the family's butcher shop, H.W.B.C's young son was saved by what was probably the first use of mouth to mouth resuscitation on the Mornington Peninsula.
(See the entry for Stan Evans in my MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

In 1919, the Wilsons had 684 acres of the survey,William Gibson 659 acres, Alf Downward 270 acres, Herb Downward 509 acres, and the Pattersons 280 acres (lots18,19) on which the Jennings brothers had recently finished a lease. According to Colin McLear,the Wilsons later bought much land from the Gibsons,Downwards, and Pattersons. One of the Wilson lads was involved with selling subdivided land on the survey. Coutts St was most likely named after H.W.B.C.Wilson.

Evans St. Stan Evans was a toddler when H.W.B.C.Wilson's young son almost drowned in 1904. The two boys were at a waterhole near a new abbatoir Henry was helping the carpenter,an early Dromana pioneer, to build when the Wilson lad got into difficulties.Unable to rescue him, little Stan ran to the men to alert them. Henry dragged his son out. As he was not breathing, the carpenter successfully performed mouth to mouth. Stan was involved in a humorous incident regarding sausages and a horse as a lad and was a longtime employee of the Wilsons as a butcher, resulting in a serious injury decades later. The Wilsons obviously subdivided this area. The street could have been named after the sporty Bill Evans but I think Stan was most likely the person being honoured.
(See newspaper articles in the Stan Evans entry in the MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

Rymer St
Mary Ann McLear was widowed near the end of 1849 on the Plenty River when her husband was thumped on the head with a length of timber by a friend of a man who refused to pay up on a bet at a race meeting. Probably accompanied by her late husband's groom, she settled on the survey in 1851. She commenced farming at The Willow (Melway 160 E4,east of freeway)and became a partner in Charle Graves' hawking business.On 10-5-1859, Graves bought crown allotment 13, section 2 Kangerong (across the road from the Drive-In)and had a three rail fence erected by Thomas and Charles Rymer. Graves sold it on 31-1-1860 to Mary Ann, who called it Maryfield,
and moved to Shoreham where he was a shopkeeper and farmed on 374 acres.

The Rymers "also worked for George McLear at times. In 1867,they were fencing Arthurs Seat Park. Thomas Rymer drew timber from Arthurs Seat for the building of the Dromana jetty in 1874." (All from A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Thomas didn't take long to get this lucrative contract after the "Maryfield" job. He and Tim Sullivan would have been rolling in clover if they'd shared in the contract to fence the police paddock from White Cliff to the back beach which the Government proposed in 1859. (See Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.)

stockyard at police paddock,Point Nepean-fencing, £1s.11s. 3 3/4d per rod; eight gates at £3.15s. each, £102. 0 s.4 1/2d., Thomas Rymer ; digging waterhole and fencing at police paddock, Point Nepean-waterhole, Is. per yard ; fencing, 6s. 6d. per rod, £85,T.Sullivan(Announcements in the Government Gazette, P.5, Argus, 28-8-1861.)

The Rymers may have moved to Frankston or Hastings, but it is possible that Charles Rymer moved to Geelong. Mrs Rymer made a donation to the Frankston Hospital in 1944.(P.1, Standard, Frankston 26-10-1944, FRANKSTON COMMUNITY HOSPITAL.) Laurie Rymer was one of the Hastings Football Club players to make in in the big time.
Laurie Rymer
Name Laurence Rymer Born 1934-07-05 Height187 cm Weight 92 kg V/AFL Clubs Collingwood
V/AFL Games 25 V/AFL Career 1955-57 V/AFL Goals 10 Brownlow Votes 0 (AUSTRALIANFOOTBALL.COM)

RYMER.-Mr. Chas. Rymer wishes to THANK all kind friends for their expressions and tokens of sympathy during the illness of his dearly loved wife,(Doris), who passed away at Geelong on August 7, 1944. A long and patient sufferer at rest. (P.4,Standard, Frankston,17-8-1944.)P.S. Chas was Isaac Charles Rymer.

Walter St
Walter St is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate. As you can see above,lot 4 was purchased by Walter Gibson of "Glenholm" (which became the Monarco Estate and the Collins Rd Industrial Estate.)

Higgins St
Assuming this is the correct spelling, it is named after Judge Higgins (Chief Justice)of Heronswood whose "Harvester Judgement led to the basic wage for workers.Judge Higgins died in 1929 and lot 4 was probably subdivided for housing at about that time. George Higgens of Queen St Melbourne and Red Hill was a land agent who became a Flinders Shire councillor for the central riding which included the Survey. The intersection of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Rds was known as Higgens Corner.George's surname was almost always given as Higgins, even in the newspaper articles and index in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. George may have been involved in the subdivision.

Tassell Rd
Edwin Louis Tassell leased the Brokil Estate from 1860 (according to Colin McLear)until his death. This was the northern 1000 or so acres of Jamieson's Special Survey, between Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Hangout Rds and the Martha Cove Waterway. The waterway is fed by the Brokil Creek which was named by an early surveyor and gave the estate itsname. locals, however, dubbed it Tassell's Creek for over a century and I have asked the council to put Tassells Creek signs at each end of the underpass. "Tassel" Rd was obviously sourced from rate records where Edwin was written as Edward etc. See my TASSELL journal.

Osborne St
The Osborne contribution to Dromana's sporting life as players and officials was tremendous. George Osborne served as a delegate to the League and the award to the best and fairest in the Nepean Football League is called the George Osborne Medal.


SECOND HISTORY BOARD ON SAME CORNER. KARADOC TRANSPOSED ON MELWAY,PHOTO OF BUSH NURSING HOSPITAL, TOWNSEND'S EARLY MOUTH TO MOUTH RESCUE UNDER PORTION OF MELBOURNE BRINDLE'S MAP SHOWING SLAUGHTERYARD SITE AND FRED VINE'S HUT OPPOSITE SEACOMBE ST.
B.Karadoc, Ruddy Rudduck, Fred Warren and his widow, Bush Nursing Hospital (Stenniken house),Cr Jack and the peninsula's first motorised ambulance (Wilson Trust.)

The Rudduck family is discussed extensively on pages 55 to 66 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
"At a land sale held in Melbourne on June 4 1858 Samuel Rudduck bought from the Crown,103 acres 27 perches of land at Dromana-Portion 8 of Section 1, Parish of Kangerong and named the property Karadoc. This land stretched
along Point Nepean Rod from Gibson's "Glenholme*" to the sea (P.36.)(*The boundary now being Ponderosa Place and the freeway.)

Samuel Rudduck's grandparents lived in Somerset and it is likely that the recently (Feb.2015) dismissed Government Whip,Mr Ruddock, and "Crash" Craddock, a popular star in the infancy of rock 'n' roll, had ancestors who came from the same area. These names and Karadoc came from the same root, thought to be of Celtic origin,that means RED BREAST.

It's a wonder that Samuel's Christian name was not Nelson because he was born on 18-1-1806 when Admiral Nelson's body was being taken to Whitehall by river after lying in state.This coincidence was probably in his mind when he named our Dromana pioneer.Sam had entered the corset business started by his father, Joseph, and when the gold rush started he left to make the most of the opportunity to invest in the new colony of Victoria.In 1852 he came out with his eldest son,16 year old Sam,and James Hudson the betrothed of his daughter, Isabelle.

Sam made at least three trips to Australia,in 1852,1858 and, with his brother,Joseph, in 1861-2.In 1859,Sam Jnr had become a pioneer of Dandenong after marrying Nettie Chapman of Springvale. In 1868 Sam and Nettie went to Sandridge to collect Sam's younger brother, Nelson,now 19 but only three years old when Sam had come to Australia in 1852.Possibly because of his name,Nelson had hankered as a schoolboy to go to sea and became a midshipman (his commission probably bought with corset profits.)He'd served on the trading vessel on which he arrived and Sam,who knew the Captain,was able to secure Nelson's release from his obligations.

Young Nelson worked as a carrier hauling goods through Gippsland and inevitably met Nettie's younger sister, Jane Sophia Chapman at the Springvale hotel. They married at St Kilda on 17-10-1870 and six months after the birth of their first child, Jane, at Dandenong in 1871,they moved to Dromana.

There will be more said of Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck later in this heritage walk,but this site which was part of Karadoc, now occupied by the child minding centre and --------, was donated by generous Nelson Rudduck as a site for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.

BUSH NURSING.
MOVEMENT AT DROMANA.
Three Acres of Land Given.
A proposal for the establishment of a bush nursing hospital at Dromana was investigated by the honorary secretary of the Bush Nursing Association (Sir James Barrett) on Saturday. It is proposed to rent a private hospital* until money has been obtained for a building on land in Point -Nepean Road, Dromana. Three acres of land, valued at about L1000 been given by Mr.N.Rudduck, of Dromana, for the purpose, and the district committee is seeking support from residents. The Dromana division of the Country Women's Association has promised to support the committee.(P.18, Argus, 1929.)

*Burdett Cottage in Heales St, where Maria (nee Stenniken, d.1927) lived after her husband,Godfrey Burdett Wilson died,was used until a hospital,officially opened in 1933, was built. Some of the cost of construction was probably paid from the proceeds of the R.A.C.V. speed and acceleration trial at Safety Beach.

BUSH NURSING HOSPITAL OPENED AT DROMANA. BEDS FOR NINE PATIENTS.
Dromana. Sunday. - The Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital was officially opened on Saturday afternoon bv Mrs J. S.
Fraser vice president of the Victorian Bush Nursing Association in the presence of a large assemblage from all parts of the Mornington Peninsula. The hospital will be available to residents in the shire of Flinders. It is built on three acres of land which was given by Mr Nelson Rudduck of Dromana and it is constructed of concrete and brick. Mr. K. F.Elliott architect supervised the work which was carried out by Messrs Hunt and Roberts, contractors, of Redhill. The hospital has accommodation for nine in patients. The building cost £1300 of which £700 was raised in the district and £600 was advanced by the Victorian Bush Nursing Association for 15 years at interest of 1 per cent.

The furniture and fittings were bought by the Dromana women's auxiliary of which Mrs.B.Wilson is president and Mrs.V.Allen honorary secretary. The sitting room was furnished by Mr Nelson Rudduck in memory of his wife.
Memorial gates are being erected by the people of Dromana and district in memory of the first president of the hospital, the late Mr. A. V. Shaw. Councillor G. Higgins*, president of the hospital, expressed the gratitude of the committee to the association for its assistance. (P.6, Argus,20-3-1933.)
(*Cr George Higgens was one of several pioneers whose surnames were often rendered wrongly in articles,hence my suspicion that Higgins St in Safety Beach could have been named after George rather than Judge Higgins.)

Getting patients to the hospital in a timely fashion was made possible by Cr Jack (of whom more will be heard when we reach the museum) and an early editor/ owner of The Argus, Edward Wilson. Having never married, Edward started losing his sight so he retired to "Arundel"at Tullamarine but eventually returned to England where he mixed in intellectual circles until his death.Some of his estate went to relatives and to pay for his burial in Melbourne but a large amount was placed in the Edward Wilson Trust which helped greatly in providing the Peninsula's first motorised ambulance.

Peninsula Motor Ambulance
PRESENTATION OF WAGON AT MORNINGTON
Cr. Jack's Efforts Reach Fruition
Cr. Barrett commenced proceedings by saying that the motor wagon would be a great thing for the Peninsula, and he was pleased to note that such a number were present to take an interest in the service. He then introduced Mr. Hansford, who was well received. This gentleman spoke of the establishment, of country ambulance services, which was only made practicable by the generosity of the Edward Wilson Trust, c/o "The Argus." Thirteen centres had been established. ......

Returning to the Peninsula wagon, he said that it was the consummation of Cr. J.Jack's wishes. Ever since he brought the matter up at the Bittern Progress Association, he had persevered in a very enthusiastic manner to bring the matter to a head. He congratulated Cr. Jack on his work in the matter.
(P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 16-10-1925.)

TOWNSEND'S EARLY MOUTH TO MOUTH SAVIOUR.

FRED VINE'S HUT.

HISTORY BOARD WITH PHOTOS OF THE KANGERONG GUEST HOUSE AND SHAW'S BUS.
kangerong,hinterland bus

Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw, of Kangerong, Dromana, died on Tuesday, aged 63 years. Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years, during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P.6,Argus,27-10-1932.)

Thanks to Tonkin for telling me that Benjamin Douglas Shaw married Elizabeth Vine in Victoria in 1862. That enabled me to find this marriage notice which also involved Elizabeth's sister as a bride.

SHAWâVINE.âOn the 16th inst., by licence at St. Paul's Church, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, Benjamin Douglas, youngest son of the late Robert Elgie Shaw, of the Grove, Hackney, London, to Elizabeth, sixth daughter of Mr. T. W. Vine, of Fitzroy, formerly of the City-road, London.
WARTONâVINE.âOn the 16th inst., by licence, at St Paul's Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, Henry Richard, eldest son of Mr. Demetrius Henry Warton, of London, to Isabella, youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas Walter Vine, of Fitzroy, and formerly of the City-road, London. (P.4, Argus,21-1-1862.)

Benjamin was known to some as Benjie Shaw. David Cairns (1842-1923),son of David Cairns and Janet (nee Thompson)drove a cart for Benjie Shaw in his teens,so Ben must have already been hawking his wares around the peninsula before his marriage in 1862. (THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Peter Wilson.)

Colin McLear stated in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA that Ben started the Kangerong Guest House in the 1880's. "Benjamin's son,Archie,married Maud McKeown and they had five children Maurice, Ernest,Archibald, Betty (MrsWeir) and Jack. Maurie and Jack lived most of their lives in Dromana and were prominent citizens. Mauriewasthe long-term propritor of the Shell Service Station and his daughter Mrs Nancy Warfe and her children still live in the town." (P.88.)
On 30-7-1877 Benjamin Shaw was appointed a trustee of the proposed Union Church in Dromana to represent the Baptists. (P. 114.)

MR. J. M. SHAW, garage proprietor of Dromana, sent a letter to the Flinders Shire at its monthly meeting
stating that at a sitting of the Transport Board, on 16th August, an application was heard from Mr. C. Capp,
of "Kangerong," Dromana, to run a bus service betweenDromana and Arthur's Seat. As his license already covered the proposed route, the Board decided in his favor, and, on the face of the petition of Red Hill residents and evidence given, considered that he (Mr.Shaw) should give the service a trial to prove it was justified.
(P.1 Standard,14-9-1944.)

BL88DY RED TAPE!!!
RED HILL, MAIN RIDGE,ARTHUR'S SEAT TO DROMANA BUS SERVICE.
RUN DISCONTINUED FROM MARCH 29.
Quite a deal of disappointment has been caused through the discontinuance of the above service.Mr. L. M. Shaw, of Dromana, who has been conducting the above service, sent a letter to the Flinders Council, enclosing a letter he received from the Transport Regulation Board. Mr. Shaw stated that as this was the fourth occasion on
which the Board had written to him with reference to his co-ordination with the Portsea Passenger Buses,
he wished to advise that the service would be discontinued as from 29th March. ETC.
(P.3, Standard, 12-4-1945.)
The Board would have thought it was perfect for Shaw's bus to arrive at Moat's Corner just after the Portsea Line bus had gone past so that Red Hill, Main Ridge etc. residents were stranded there for hours!

DROMANA
BUS SERVICE TO RED HILL AREA.
Mr. M. J. Shaw has advised Flinders Shire that his bus service to Red Hill area has been commenced with a
three day a week service. (P.7, Standard, 19-7-1945.)


c/a5 sect 1, holden's store (Francesnearly 102) john mclear, dromana hotel (watkin in 1858,built 1862,liardet,carrigg, racing-2courses-and footy, foreshore estate)

CROWN ALLOTMENT 5, SECTION 1, PARISH OF KANGERONG.
THE FOLLOWING COMES FROM MY JOURNAL "PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST,DROMANA."
......Mr Holden of Dromana was an early preacher at Frankston Methodist Church, and soon afterwards, that F.Holden was a true friend of John McLear. Then I found out that the true friend was Mrs Frances Holden who was, like Mrs Fred Warren*, a long-time widow in the township. I didn't find out that they were neighbours, Colin McLear had already told me that through his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
(* WARREN.-On the 20th October, at Dromana, Frederick Warren, the beloved husband of Janet Warren. (P.1, Argus, 4-11-1919.)

The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St,the part of present day Dromana to the east, and extending to Boundary Rd, being Section 1 of the parish of Kangerong. On the coast side of the freeway were crown allotments 1-8 of section 1. C/A 1, triangular with Arthur St as its eastern boundary, was granted to William Dixon Scurfield, who built the Scurfield Hotel(later the Arthurs Seat Hotel and burnt down in 1898) between Permien and Foote St in the Township. C/A 8, granted to Nelson Rudduck's father, Samuel,was almost triangular, except that its boundary was Ponderosa Place rather than the freeway near Pt Nepean Rd. All the other allotments were rectangular with a frontage of 200 metres, except the Dromana Hub site which went only 180 metres west from Pier St. William Grace, who received the grant for "Gracefield" in 1857, bought four of the six rectangular blocks.

The above mentioned William Grace was with James McCulloch a member of a deputation in 1863.Bateman, a prominent architect,and a grantee in the parish of Fingal, was a relative of Governor Latrobe, and the eastern boundary of Dromana Township was named after McCulloch.

A deputation from Dromana, consisting of the Hon. James M'Culloch, Mr Edward Latrobe Bateman, and Mr Grace, waited yesterday upon the Commissioner of Roads and Railways, to request that the new road district of Kangerong might be re-proclaimed, in consequence of some irregularity which had taken place in the constitution of the board. It appeared that the board was originally gazetted for two dates, and that one portion of the district, that belonging to Schnapper Point, was not freed until 3rd December, while the meeting, constituting the board was held on the 1st of that month. Mr Mitchell said the Board of Land and Works had, on the
opinion of the law officers, already stated its willingness to recognise the district. The deputation, however, desired that the district should be re- proclaimed, to prevent the possibility of law proceedings through the irregularity which had taken place, and Mr Mitchell agreed to submit the matter to the Minister of Justice, to ascertain if he had any objection to the district being re-proclaimed.(P.5,The Age,20-2-1863.)


Crown allotment 5, of 36 acres and 25 perches, commenced 200 metres north east of Pier St, its frontage being another 200 metres. (The Dromana hotel is right in the north west corner of Allotment 5.) It was granted to Alex P. Thompson,who had sold off two one acre frontage blocks by 1864, the year of the oldest available Kangerong Road Board assessment. Before I deal with the assessments,let's turn to page 79 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

" HOLDEN (1864) had been a miner and came from the goldfields to build a store in Dromama. This stood approximately on the corner of what is now Carrigg St. The verandah in the fashion of this time was low and shoppers stooped to pass under it. He also had a slab hut hard by. Here Peter Pidota's men were quartered. At one time, Robert Rowley and his wife, later of Rye, lived there when he was working loading craft for Peter."
N.B.
1.The name appeared in George McLear's account book in 1864.
2. I searched for Pidota on trove and found not one reference. Colin McLear and practically every rate collector gave the surname as Pidota. So did Isobel Moresby in ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, with a twist.
'Among the craft which carried timber, firewood,wattle bark and so on to Little Dock in Melbourne was old Antonio Pidota's "Little Angelina".' Isobel was probably confusing his given name with that of Antonio Bosina, a fisherman, of Rosebud. But she made no mistake with the boat's name! A search for Pidoto revealed not only his correct surname but a maritime tradition and links with Williamstown.

THE DROMANA JETTY.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,-I would wish through your columns to call the attention of the Government to tho urgent necessity that exists to deepen the water inside the breakwater at this jetty, as at present it is at great risk vessels lay there to load or discharge cargo. On Saturday last the Little Angelina, only drawing 5ft. of water, bumped heavily through the sea that was on.

Taking into consideration the growing importance of Dromana as a watering-place, it behoves the Government to give this matter their immediate attention, and thus enable the residents here to get their goods loaded and discharged at any time by any vessels of a moderate draught of water.
-Yours, &C.,PETER PIDOTO. Dromana, July 2.(P.5, Argus, 4-7-1883.)

A message from Flinders (Vic.) says.-The wrecked ketch Little Angelina on Phillip Island shore is still holding together. She is right up on the rocks, and at low tide can be discerned from Flinders, distant across the bay about five miles. There does not appear to be much hope of getting her afloat. It is not known here whether any steps are likely to be taken with this object. Tho Little Angelina belonged formerly to the late Mr. Pidoto, of Dromana, and was a regular trader between Dromana and Melbourne.
(P.10, Sydney Morning Herald, 17-6-1899.)

PIDOTO.-Mrs. Pidoto, Clifton Hill, has been informed that her son, Gunner J. Pidoto, who was mentioned in despatches, and was awarded the Military Medal for conspicuous bravery, has been wounded in the chest, and left arm, and is returning to Australia. Before enlisting Gunner Pidoto was a linesman in the post-office in South Australia. He has been on active service for two and a half years. (P.6, Argus, 7-2-1918.)

Has itellya gone completely mad (like Ken Bruce)? Clifton Hill, South Australia? Why not throw in Balmain too,to make the joke complete?
N.B. 3. Robert Rowley was not "later of Rye". He and Henry Cadby Wells were, with the exception of Robert's widowed mother and her second husband, Richard Kenyon (and possibly Captain Adams of Rosebud)the first permanent settlers on the Mornington Peninsula, lime-burning together in the Sorrento area in 1840 and crayfishing together from 1849. Robert married Christine Edwards from Longford in Tasmania in 1859 and probably went to Dromana soon after.He signed the petition of 1861 asking that Robert Dublin Quinan's school be chosen for the Common School. James Holden and Sarah, George and Robert Wilson were some others who signed.

AND NOW FOR THE RATE RECORDS.
In 1864, detail was scant but Richard Watkin had a 12 roomed house (the Dromana Hotel), Alex (Collop?)had an impressive 3 roomed house (nett annual value 30 pounds) and (stores?)and Peter Pidota(sic)had a house and store (N.A.V. 30 pounds.) In 1865, the details for Pidoto and Watkin were the same but Connop(or whatever!)was missing and Alex Haldan, who had not been assessed previously, had 1 acre and a 6 roomed house, N.A.V. 25 pounds.All of these properties were on crown allotment 5 of section 1, and almost certainly the 17 acres on which Edward Burgess was assessed in 1865, along with a hut. Connop and Haldan were probably leasing from James Holden. The hotel would have made the vicinity the ideal place for stores.

James Holden died in about 1874 so we would not expect him to appear in the 1879 rates re crown allotment 5. Peter Pidota (sic),mariner, had 17 acres,possibly bought from Burgess. The Dromana Hotel and its associated 17 acres seems to have been forgotten by the rate collector. John McLear, laborer, was assessed on 2 acres. It is likely John combined fishing with any work that was available. With Harry Copp,Fred Vine and Jonah Griffith,he was one of Dromana's four professional fishermen.

Forgetting the 25 perches, crown allotment 5 (and its 36 acres 25 perches) is fully accounted for (17 acres Pidoto, 17 acres pub, 2 acres McLear.)I believe that John was paying Francis Holden's rates for her. John had married Janet Cairns from Boneo in 1874.The 1900 assessment was the sort of effort that later had Cr Terry fuming. John McLear was assessed on one acre; no mention was made of the 17 acres associated with the Dromana hotel or the late Peter Pidoto's 17 acres.

The 1910 rates weren't much better. Still no mention of Frances Holden. Mrs Pidoto must have sold her 17 acres to G.S.Edwards who was running the Dromana Hotel (whose 17 acres weren't mentioned);the occupier was W.E.Thompson but Mrs Pidoto of Clifton Hill was paying the rates.

In 1919, Lou Carrigg was assessed on:
17 acres and hotel, part c/a 5, section 1, N.A.V.150 pounds;
16 acres, part c/a 5 section 1, N.A.V. 15 pounds.
If I remember correctly he bought the other 17 acres soon after arriving in about 1914.
Mrs Frances Holden paid rates on 1 acre and buildings, Esplanade, part c/a 5, section 1.

The 34 acres behind the hotel became one of Dromana's two racecourses, (the other being north of Dromana Secondary College) and also served as the footy ground until about 1927 when Spencer Jackson sold it as the Foreshore Estate. John McLear's son Nip lived in his father's house till the end of his life. It was demolished to make way for extensions to the Dromana Hotel.

And by the way,Mrs Pidoto's address was given as Balmain , N.S.W. in an assessment but I can't find it.


THE NEIGHBOURS.
McLEAR. - On the 16th June, at his residence,Dromana, John, beloved husband of the late Janet McLear, and loving father of Mrs Wilson (Boneo), Mrs Pentecost (Mornington), George (Wagga), Jack, Mrs A. Griffiths, Mrs McDonald (Abbotsford), Lily, late Harry (A.I.F.), James (A.I.F., returned); true friend of F. Holden, Dromana, aged 72 years 11 months. Colonist 72 years. "Thy will be done." (P.1, Argus, 18-6-1918.)
(Mr Wilson was a cousin of Godfrey Wilson. The Pentecosts were Mornington pioneers and a family member was appointed to take care of the Schnapper Point jetty light in 1863.)

OBITUARY CENTENARIAN PASSES. The death of Mrs Frances Holden, probably the Peninsula's only centenarian, occurred at her residence at Dromana on Monday. Had she lived until October, Mrs Holden would have reached the age of 102 years. With her husband, she settled in Dromana 82 years ago and had lived there ever since. She came from Sussex, England, when a young girl. In her younger days she took an active part in movements for the advancement of the district. A good horsewoman, she used to join parties that went out hunting kangaroos. Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery where the remains were interred beside those of her husband who died about 60 years ago. The burial service was read by the Rev.A.F. Falconer. Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 25-8-1934.)

OBITUARY
Mrs. Frances Holden who was a widow, aged 101 years has died at Dromana. She had lived in a cottage near the Hotel Dromana for very many years and had a store of reminiscences of her experiences with the blacks in the early days. (P.8,Argus, 23-8-1934.)

Mrs Holden, the oldest resident of the Mornington Peninsula, has died aged 102 years. Mrs Holden arrived from England when aged 14 years. She was in Melbourne when it was a canvas town, and she went to Ballarat in the early gold mining days with her husband, who was a mining engineer. She remembered having ridden down Sturt street, Ballarat, with mud almost up to her horse's girth. Mrs Holden is said to have been the first white woman at Dromana. (P.20, Argus, 25-8-1934.)

AT LAST WE FIND MR HOLDEN'S GIVEN NAME!
HOLDEN.On the 30th August (passed peacefully away), at Dromana, Frances Isabell, widow of the late James Holden, aged 101 years. -At rest.(P.1, Argus, 21-8-1934.)

EARLY HISTORY. The pioneer and founder of the Methodist Church at Frankston was Mrs. Potts' father, the late Mr. John Carr. He arrived in Frankston. about 1856 or 7 and lived in the village for a time; later he started, farming. Early in 1860 he felt the necessity for a place of worship, such occasional services as were conducted, were held in the common school; so he set to work collected money, bought material and superintended the erection of a house of prayer; helping with his own labor. When finished he held services with the help of a few Christian people and a preacher named Mr Holden, who lived at Dromana. (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 19-9-1931.)

POSTSCRIPT.
You may wonder how I have such detailed knowledge of crown allotment 5, section 1, Kangerong. When I felt that more information had to be made available about the peninsula and its pioneers in August 2010 and started my research, I was concerned mainly with Rosebud. When I found that Captain Adams gave William Edwards a loan of about 200 pounds with only a 2 acre block as security and that Edwards had a hotel in 1888 that seemed to be described as being in Dromana, I started researching the Dromana hotels in ratebooks.

It wasn't easy because hotels were described as houses and then as buildings. However I worked out that the Dromana Hotel was associated with 17 acres of land and Scurfield's hotel with 5 town lots. This information, combined with nett annual values helped me to confirm the transition of owners and occupiers.Once I saw Peter Pidoto's 17 acres specified as being in crown allotment 5 , the picture was complete because I had already suspected that the other two acres of c/a 5, section 1 were Holden's and John McLear's from reading A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

I had spoken to Ray Stella about the Dromana Hotel before I started my examination of every year's assessment of the two hotels (from 1864 to 1898 for the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat and until 1919 for the Dromana) and he told me that John Coleman had died at the Dromana hotel after he had sold it and was about to move out.Ray showed me an internal brick wall, (probably an external wall in Watkin's original hotel) that was left intact when Lou Carrigg did his renovation circa 1927.

Ray was so interested in the hotel's history, I said I'd write a brief summary of what I discovered. When I gave it to him in late 2010, he said it would make a good place mat. Today (20-2-2013), I saw the laminated place mat for the first time and it looks great. It has a photo of the hotel in each corner: Watkin's, two from the Rose Series, and a present day shot. He left out "To be pedantic" at the start of "Watkin should have called it the Kangerong Hotel." but the meaning is made clear in the following sentence about the township's location.Ray has included my information about the Scurfield hotel and the racetrack (that Melbourne Brindle and his siblings were instructed to keep away from)and added his involvement from 1986 until today. As a clincher, he mentions that Prime Minister John Curtin lived at the hotel as a boy when his father managed it! My copy is going on the wall and I suspect that many customers will follow suit.


DROMANA HOTEL.
Richard Watkin was a busy man in 1858 but it had nothing to do with the Dromana Hotel, which he established in 1862, not 1857 as previously insinuated. In 1858, Richard was the licensee of Scurfield's hotel and, one would presume from the following, was engaged in the supply of Arthur's Seat's timber*. Note the original name for Dromana Bay. (*He was!)

TO CONTRACTORS or TIMBER MERCHANTS.
-PILES, Squared Beams, Posts and Rails, or any description of Hardwood SUPPLIED in Melbourne or Williamstown, at low rates. A large quantity prepared for delivery. Orders promptly attended to. Reference-Neil M'Lean, Esq , 11 Swanston-street; or Messrs. Musson and Co., Collins-street west. No connection with Mr. Watkins, Dromana,
Survey Bay. Post address, Dugald M'Queen, Dromana Post-office, Survey Bay, Arthur's Seat.
(P.7, Argus, 7-12-1858.)

* TO CONTRACTORS.âThe undersigned is prepared to supply any quantity of POSTS and RAILS,Sleepers, hewn and sawn Timber. Piles, and SquS,,Timber. RICHARD WATKINS, Scurfield Hotel,Dromana, Arthur's Seat.
(P.7, Argus, 30-11-1858.)

In between his running of Scurfield's Hotel and supplying of timber in 1858 and his establishment of the Dromana Hotel in 1862, Richard had run a store, but apparently not very successfully. The store may have been the one (Carnarvon) incorporating a post office later operated by Dawes near Scurfield's hotel or he could have been renting James Holden's store.

IN the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria. âInsolvency Jurisdiction.- In the Estate of William Kingwill and Richard Watkin, both of Dromana, in the county of Mornington, Storekeepers.
âNotice is hereby given that it is the intention of the above-named insolvent, Richard Watkin, to apply to
Wriothesley Baptist Notl, Esq., Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates at the Insolvent Court, Melbourne, on Monday, the 18th day of June next, at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon, for a certificate of his discharge herein, pursuant to the Act of Council, in that case made and provided.
Dated the 16th day of May, 1860. (P.1,The Age,17-5-1860.)
THE CERTIFICATE OF DISCHARGE (TO RICHARD ONLY) WAS GRANTED. (P.6,Argus,21-4-1863.)

No mention of the Dromana Hotel has been found in 1862 and the only results for "hotel, Dromana" in 1863 involve Scurfield's hotel (meeting called by Robert Caldwell to form Road Board following a request from residents including Richard Watkin,householder;and sale of Scurfield's hotel later in the year.) As Richard Watkin was still an insolvent in 1862, and the following seems to indicate that construction of the Dromana Hotel had not been completed in August 1863* and Richard had a partner in the hotel (obviously a silent partner going by the 1864 Hunt article),the best explanation I can offer is that in 1862 Richard's partner, Robert Robson, owned the house shown on the west side of the old hotel and that Richard offered accommodation in it with drink supplied on the quiet to guests.At least we now know which architect designed the beautiful old Dromana Hotel. As Richard had received his certificate of discharge in March he was free to enter into contracts again but it seem unlikely that George Cox could have designed the hotel, engaged a workforce and had the building up to the stage of slating the roof,all in four months,so my theory would include Robson signing the contract with Cox as an alternative in 1862 as an alternative to Richard operating the hotel in 1862.

(*TENDERS REQUIRED, for SLATING hotel at Dromana. Specification to be seen at the office of Geo. R. Cox, architect, 41 Swanston street.(P.7,Argus,29-8-1863.)


Hotels.
DROMANA HOTEL, Established 1862 -First-class accommodation and sea bathing. Coach from Melbourne daily. Steamer Williams four times a week. The scenery around Dromana is unrivalled in the colony. Terms moderate. Horses and vehicles at very low rates. R Watkin, Proprietor.(P.8, Argus, 6-1-1880.)

Richard Watkin must have had a partner when he established the Dromana hotel. Hunting attracted guests to the hotel. The Kangerong Road Board had its meetings and office at the commodious hotel.
NOTICE is hereby given, that the PARTNERSHIP between Richard Watkin and Robert Robson, of the Dromana Hotel, Dromana, is this day DISSOLVED. September 19,1867. The business will be carried on by Richard Watkin as usual. Richard Watkin, Robert Robson. Witnessed by D. Nicholson. (P.3, Argus,27-9-1867.)

It is a general complaint among gentlemen attached to field sports that, during the months when game shooting is very properly prohibited, there is no employment for their guns. To refute this, we may mention that eight gentlemen reached the Royal Oak Hotel, Swanston street, yesterday, after a week's sojourn in the Dromana district, with no less than ninety-two kangaroos ; being, we believe, the largest number ever brought into
Melbourne at one time. The party speak highly of the manner in which their sport was promoted by Messrs. Watkins, of the Dromana Hotel, whence they were conducted to their shooting ground, on Messrs. Anderson and Howitt's run, by Messrs. McLear, Boag, and Burrell, who joined in the sport. Many of the kangaroo were of great size, some weighing as much as 150lb. to 160lb., and others being so large as to be left on the ground, from sheer inability of the party to take them to Dromana. (P.4,Argus,21-9-1864.)

KANGERONG ROAD DISTRICT.âNotice is hereby given, that an ELECTION will be held at the Dromana Hotel, on Thursday, the 9th of August, 1866, for two MEMBERS of the above Board, in room of Robert Anderson and Richard
Watkin, Esqs., who retire by rotation. Nomination papers, duly signed and in accordance with the provisions of the Local Government Act, will be received by Mr. Henry Watkin, of the Dromana Hotel, whom I hereby appoint to receive the same from the 29th of July until the 2nd of August.
JAMES PURVES, Returning Officer. Road Board office, Dromana Hotel,July 25, 1866.
(P.7,Argus, 27-7-1866.)


? present pamphlet sites
PLACE INTO ORDER FROM HERE.
3. SITE OF DROMANA HALL.
4. SITE OF CHRISTIE'S DROMANA STORE.
5. PLAQUE ON ROCK-SHOEING FORGE.
6. SITE OF THE JETTY STORE.
7. SITE OF BELMONT GUEST HOUSE.
8. SITE OF MILPARINKA GUEST HOUSE.
9. ST MARK'S ANGLICAN CHURCH.
10.PIAWOLA.
11.WAR MEMORIAL.
12.PIONEERS PATHWAY.
13.MUSEUM.
14.MURRAY,BOWEN,FLINDERS MONUMENT/HISTORY BOARD.
15.DROMANA SOLDIERS'MEMORIAL PARK.
16.MURAL ON DROMANA FORESHORE COMMITTEE DEPOT.
17.VIEW FROM FORESHORE OF THE BUTTERFLY HOUSE UP McCULLOCH ST.
18.BOATSHEDS AND VEGETATION ON THE FORESHORE RESERVE.
19.MEMORIAL HALL(1920) AND CONCRETE BOATSHED (No.43) BELONGING TO THE DROMANA PRIMARY SCHOOL.

chapmans forge, footy ground

temporary brindle home after sale of sunnyside and father's departure

jetty store* JSC>JSR 1871 TENT? ROSEBUD (SUNDAY SCHOOL-VIN) &RED HILL METHOS, BLUE RE PIANO HOSPITAL
Blackwood, you've got to be kidding!
At the quarterly meeting of the local
I.O.R. Tent, Bro. Nelson Rudduck,
P.D.C.R., of Dromana, occupied the
C.R. chair. (BLACKWOOD.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 15 June 1912 p 3 Article)


HISTORY BOARD NEAR PIAWOLA. PIAWOLA, METHODIST CHURCH, DROMANA TOWNSHIP,BEAUVOIR, BUTTERFLY HOUSE, GRACEFIELD TRANSPOSED ON MELWAY/GRACEFIELD HOTEL AT RYE,PANORAMIC ESTATE TRANSPOSED ON MELWAY.
BEAUVOIR, 8 McCULLOCH ST.
Wow! The fantastic Muzza of McCrae has posted a beautiful photo of Beauvoir on the internet. The flats to the right may have been the butcher shop site.

Panoramio - Photo of Beauvoir (2010). This Victorian villa ...
www.panoramio.com/photo/34875697
Apr 29, 2010 - Beauvoir (2010). ... in the late 1800s and was named after a London hotel - the Beauvoir Arms ... Photo taken in Dromana VIC 3936, Australia.


Beauvoir means fine view and would be one of many French words introduced into the English language by William the Conqueror. Henry William Wilson,before moving to Australia had operated the Beauvoir Inn near London. When his son, Godfrey had the house built in about 1888, he recalled his father's early life by so-naming the house.Godfrey also had a shop in McCulloch St. Whether the Wilson shop shown on page 46 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA was that one or the later 1934 one on the beach road (Esplanade) is unclear.

CROWN ALLOTMENTS AND THE SHOPZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ

WILSON-McDOWELL.-On the 29th September, 1913, at St. John's Church, Lonsdale street, Melbourne, by the Rev. Cadwalleder Thomas, Benjamin, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Wilson,of Dromana, to Dorothy, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. McDowell, of Moreland. (Present address, "De Beauvor Villa," Dromana.)
(P.11,Argus, 22-11-1913.)

Robert McDowell was a resident of Rosebud by 1920 behind the present Rosebud Beach Woolworths store site and McDowell St is named after his family. It is more likely that the couple met near Dromana than in the city so the McDowells were probably in Rosebud shortly after the 1910 assessment. The McDowells were not the only Rosebud family to become relatives of Godfrey Burdett Wilson who had married Maria Stenniken. Lily Clemenger had married Jack Stenniken by about 1922 or perhaps earlier. Parkmore will be discussed in the Rosebud heritage trail. Ben and Dorothy lived in Beauvoir for a long time and of course their only daughter was given her mother's name.

Except in war time, or other extraordinary circumstances, such as depressions, people usually married their neighbours or someone often passing through the area. Nelson Rudduck had met his wife near Springvale while carting goods between Melbourne and Gippsland. Godfrey and Maria would have passed through Rosebud frequently on their way to visit Maria's family near today's Burdett St on the Stenniken grant at Tootgarook and young Ben might have caught a shy glance from young Dorothy as they drove past. Jack Stenniken would have passed through Rosebud in the opposite direction to visit Maria Wilson (nee Stenniken) at Burdett Cottage in Heales St, Dromana .It's no surprise that the beau of Dot junior of Beauvoir was a pilot.

CLEMENGER -On the 31st January at his residence Parkmore, Rosebud, Henry Mervyn, dearly loved and loving husband of Cecilia Emma, loving father of Ruby (Mrs Fautley) Mervyn, Lily (Mrs Stenniken) Alma (Mrs
Thompson) Harry, Celie (Mrs. Wheeler) and
Gwen. In his 71st year etc. (P.8, Argus, 1-2-1938.)

Engagements.
Dorothy Wilson, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. B. Wilson, Beauvoir, Dromana,to Sergeant-Pilot Douglas. Cliff Rogers,elder son of Mr. and Mrs. A. Rogers,Callantina rd., Hawthorn.(P.8, Argus, 14-3-1941.)

butterfly house, dromana hill/fairy vineyard,grace (gracefield-dromana and rye)

renovated guest house in clarendon st with bungalows;has owner applied for grant?

pioneer pathway

history boards near museum

THE OLD SHIRE HALL.
A book about ART DECO buildings on the peninsula claims that the construction of this building circa 1928 was supervised by Howard Lawson of Garden of the Moon fame. I don't know whether there is any evidence of this claim but there is a certain logic to it as the pleasure palace on the summit of Arthurs Seat was also an art deco building and presumably built at about the same time. Or so I thought!

In 1938â39, Ernest Henry and Alice Ellen Lawson purchased land at Arthurs Seat that had been previously owned by the National Permanent Building Society. Along with their son, Howard Ratcliff Lawson and his development firm the Beverly Hills Co. of South Yarra, they initiated an ambitious scheme. They aimed for a residential development along with entertainment facilities that would entice the holiday-maker. Lawson later provided the first bus service to the Garden of the Moon from Rosebud and Dromana.
P.37, MORNINGTON PENINSULA SHIRE THEMATIC HISTORY July 2013 Prepared for Mornington Peninsula Shire
Graeme Butler & Associates Edited by Context Pty Ltd.
[PDF]view attachment 5 - Mornington Peninsula Shire
www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/files/5efe5087.../130912ca_35_att_5.pdf


I would have thought that the architect, would have supervised the construction. He was S.P.Calder,son of William Calder,the first chairman of the Country Roads Board. See my journal:
A CORRECTION : I MAY HAVE CALLED HIM SAM BUT HE WAS STUART PALMER CALDER (DROMANA,VIC, AUST.)

Cr Jack was the President of the Shire of Flinders when the Shire Offices were opened in 1928.(See plaque near the entrance.) A photograph of the councillors and the staff in 1928 is on display in the former council chamber that now houses part of the Dromana Historical Society museum.

More detail about the motorised ambulance, Cr Jack's efforts and the contribution of the Edward Wilson Trust can be found under the Karadoc entry after Safety Beach at the start of the heritage walk.

Peninsula Motor Ambulance ANNUAL MEETING. MORE SUPPORT NEEDED.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 29 October 1926 p 8 Article
Cr. J. Jack, from Bittern, who was the organiser of the service, said that this was similar to a wedding break-
fast, when the bridegroom says: "This is the happiest day of my life." This day was his second happiest day.
When he set out on the great task of raising money to purchase the waggon four years ago he was confronted
with great difficulties, as £6000 ,a year was required. He travelled from Aspendale to Portsea asking for support. Only £57 was obtained. The best supporters he had were Messrs.Allingham (Rosebud) and Lyng (Dromana).

first chairman of c.r.b.

FLINDERS/MURRAY MEMORIAL.
A RELIC OF EARLY AUSTRALIA. MUSKETS IN THE BUSH. ROMANTIC DISCOVERY NEAR DROMANA.
The picturesque discovery among the tangled undergrowth of green bush,near Dromana (Vic.), of three musket of old design, with their wood work charred and eaten by bush fires, apparently, recalls an interesting chapter
of Australian history. If the deductions that have been made are correct,they represent a spot upon which the explorer Matthew Flinders stood more than a century ago, when he first gazed upon the rippling blue expanse of
Port Phillip, and believed himself, incorrectly, to be the first white man who had seen the great harbor.

The discovery of the muskets was made recently by Mr George Freeman,of Rosebud, Dromana, while clearing the bush for roads upon a property on the famous King Arthurâs Seat. In the course of this work he came across
the three muskets, half hidden among the undergrowth, and âpiled,â as modern rifles are piled in camp lines,
tripod fashion. The wood work was charred and burnt, and it appeared that the spot must have been used as
a camping place. The muskets were of the âLancasterâ type such as the discoverer states were issued and used
by Flindersâ party, and a further search is to be conducted in the neighborhood in case other remains are to
be found.

It is now suggested that the cairn which was recently erected at Dromana in memory of Flinders has been wrongly placed. If the muskets represent a survival of the Flinders party, they must have been left there when the explorer made His second voyage of exploration to Australia in the âInvestigator.â This voyage was started on July 18, 1801, the object being the completion of the exploration of the coast of Australia and the discovery of any harbors. The vessel, a 334-ton sloop, was laden with glittering toys, beads, flannel and other trade articles, and Flinders was accompanied by an able staff of officers and scientists, including Robert Brown,
a young Scottish botanist; who subsequently received the highest commendation for his scientific work.

Australia was sighted on December 6, and a slow voyage was made alone the coast, charts being constructed and
harbors explored. After leaving Kangaroo Island, Flinders met the French explorer Baudin, in Encounter Bay;
and, finally, his ship rolling and plunging after a bout of stormy weather,he sighted the rocky gates of Port
Phillip, ringed with wHite spray, on April 26, 1802.He thought himself to be its discoverer, but he had been forestalled by a few weeks bY Lieutenant J. Murray. The Investigator passed into the port, and anchored near the site of Sorrento, and on the following day Flinders, accompanied by Brown and William Westall, a landscape draftsman, rowed from the ship, landing eventually on the beach of Dromana Bay. Thence he climbed the bluff ascent of King Arthurâs Seat, and from this post gazed in astonishment at the wide stretching blue of the harbor. It may be that the muskets that have been found mark a spot where the party thus halted.

Flinders on the following day crossed the Bay in his boat, and explored what is now Corio Bay, and the neighborhood of Geelong, climbing Station Peak there, and gazing from this eminence over a sunlit stretch of rolling bush and green pasture towards Mount Macedon. He had to leave shortly afterwards, however, for Sydney, and it was on May 8 that the Investigator shook her sails, dipped a courtesy to Port Phillip, and bore the explorer away.
(Zeehan and Dundas Herald (Tas. : 1890 â 1922) Tuesday 24 April 1917 p 4 Article)

SOLDIERS'MEMORIAL PARK. EXISTING HISTORY BOARD.
This land is shown on the Dromana Township map as having been gazetted in 1865 and 1890.It consisted of almost three acres but in 1910,the Crown intended to auction it (minus an eighth of an acre which had probably been reserved for a new court due to complaints in 1890 that are detailed in comments.) Alf Downward had obviously succeeded in preventing the auction.

scurfield's/ arthurs seat hotel 1857-1898, (watkins,priest,parrot)

WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
Scurfield - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scurfield
The following comes from the above source which evidently involved extensive genealogical research. The link given in references did not work but I managed to find the wife and descendants of John Barwise Scurfield whose first two children were named after his parents.

Early settlers to Australia
The earliest Scurfield settler to Australia appears to be William Dixon Scurfield (born 1811, Alnwick, Northumberland) who, in 1852, arrived in Melbourne, Australia with his wife, Catherine Hetherington Barwise, and children. His eldest son, John Barwise Scurfield (born 1844, Liverpool, Lancashire) married an English born woman named Charlotte Fox in 1866 in Melbourne. They had 12 children, nine of whom raised families in Australia.
----------
John SCURFIELD - Genealogy.com
familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/f/o/x/...J-Fox.../UHP-0903.html

View Tree for John SCURFIELDJohn SCURFIELD (b. 09 Apr 1844, d. 1906)

John SCURFIELD was born 09 Apr 1844 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England, and died 1906. He married Charlotte FOX on 27 Dec 1867 in East Collingwood, Australia, daughter of Thomas FOX and Mary PETTIGROVE.

More About John SCURFIELD and Charlotte FOX:
Marriage: 27 Dec 1867, East Collingwood, Australia.

Children of John SCURFIELD and Charlotte FOX are:
Catherine SCURFIELD, b. 1868, East Collingwood, Australia.
William SCURFIELD, b. 1870, Linton, Australia.
Rosina SCURFIELD, b. 1872, Elgin St, Carlton, Australia.
Walter SCURFIELD, b. 1874, Fortitude Valley, Australia.
Maud SCURFIELD, b. 1876, Fortitude Valley, Australia.
Alfred SCURFIELD, b. 1879, Bowen Hills, Australia.
May SCURFIELD, b. 1880, Fortitude Valley, Australia.
Charlotte SCURFIELD, b. 1883, Melbourne.
Frederick SCURFIELD, b. 1887, Mitchell, Australia.
Ernest SCURFIELD, b. 1889, Mitchell, Australia.
John SCURFIELD, b. 1892, Mitchell, Australia.

THE SCURFIELD HOTEL.
Richard Watkin may have built the Scurfield hotel and was operating it in 1858 and 1859 as well as supplying timber from Arthurs Seat to Melbourne builders. Richard claimed in 1880 that he established the Dromana Hotel in 1862 but the building was not completed in August 1863 when architect George R.Cox called for tenders for slating the roof. Where then was William Dixon Scurfield in 1859 and what was he doing to earn a crust? The same as described in the insolvency meeting of 1864.

OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. - George Jamieson, a sawyer, was placed in the dock on the above charge. William Dixon Scurfield, a tentmaker, said the prisoner came to his house on the previous day, about 4 o'clock, and said he wanted to purchase a new cart-cover. He said he lived at Mr. Bryant's, and that his waggon was there. He made an appointment with witness to go over to Mr. Bryant's in about an hour, to take the measure of the cart. He then asked witness to lend him a couple of pounds to pay a deposit on a horse he had purchased. Witness accordingly wrote him out a cheque for £3. In about an hour witness went over to Mr. Bryant's stable, and then found that the prisoner had no cart there at all. Witness subsequently meeting the prisoner, requested him to return the cheque, and took him to Mr. Bryant's, where, as soon as his back was turned, prisoner made off. Witness did not see him again until that morning, in custody. David Marks, a storekeeper in Elizabeth street, said the prisoner came to his shop on the previous day, between 3 and 4 o'clock, and purchased a silver watch and chain for £2 15s. He left the shop for a few minutes, and when he returned gave him the cheque now produced (for £3), and witness gave him back 5s, change. The prisoner was committed for trial.
(P.6,Argus, 5-11-1859.)

IN the INSOLVENT ESTATE of WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
To Hotelkeepers and Others.
For SALE, by tender, subject to a mortgage of £300, the premises known as SCURFIELD'S HOTEL, Dromana, 47 miles from Melbourne. This property is most pleasantly situated, commanding a line view of the harbour, and consists of about two and a half acres of land, a portion of which is laid out as a garden, and buildings erected
thereon, consisting of an hotel, substantially built of pine, containing the following rooms : â bar, 20 ft.
by 13 ft.; two parlors, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; four bedrooms, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; two do., each 10 ft.by 10 ft. ; kitchen, fowl-house, stables, &c, ; also an attached three-roomed cottage, suitable for private families.
The whole of the furniture and stock is in good condition and is to be taken at a valuation.

Tenders, addressed to James Moore, Esq., official assignee, Eldon-chambers, endorsed' Tender for the Purchase of Scurfield Hotel,' will be received until twelve o'clock on Monday, the 30th inst. Further particulars, including a plan of the ground and buildings, together with an inventory of all stock and furniture, may be obtained at the office of the undersigned. J. AARONS, Trade Assignee, 6, Collins street,east.
N.B â Intending purchasers are respectfully informed that the mortgagee will allow £200 of the present mortgage to remain at current rates. 38 302 (P.7,The Age, 28-11-1863.)

WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
INSOLVENTS. THIRD MEETING.
In re W. D. Scurfield.â The insolvent, a tent maker, of Melbourne, did not appear, and, in the absences of any creditors, the meeting closed. The assignee, Mr Moore, filed his report, from which it appeared that the stock-in-trade of the insolvent had been sold by public auction, the net proceeds being £590 13s 10d. The Scurfield Hotel and freehold property at Dromana had been sold by tender for £347 4s 6d. The stock, furniture, &c., of the Scurfield Hotel realised £130, and was sold on the understanding that, should the insolvent be
voted any part of his furniture, tho value should be paid to him. £46 18s 4d had been collected on account of book debts, and £11 8s 9d had been received in cash from the insolvent. The mortgage on the Dromana property was paid off before the sale. Five small allotments of land at Broadmeadows and Footscray remain unsold, no
offer having been made for them. A dividend of about 6s in tho £1 would probably be paid to concurrent creditors. P.7, The Age,11-2-1864.)

The hotel was sold by the assignee but to whom? As the purchaser might never have been reported,I thought that the rate collectors might surprise me, but they didn't.

The first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864 rated William Dixon Scurfield on "house 9 rooms hotel,N.A.V. 60 pounds. The owner column was blank. On 2-9-1865, W.D.S.was assessed on three properties with assessment numbers recorded:66. 2 town lots; 67.9 room hotel,L.60.; 68. 43 acres of building land as agent for Ligar Elliot. This was crown allotment 1,section 1, Kangerong, bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Avenue.It had a frontage to The Esplanade that could be long jumped. It had been granted to William Dixon Scurfield according to the parish map but he may have bought it on Ligar's behalf. Somewhere in my special purpose rate transcriptions,Catherine Scurfield was recorded as leasing this land from Ligar Elliot, teamster.

The assessment remained the same until that of 4-9-1869 when under assessment 74, Mrs Dixon (sic)Scurfield was listed as the person to be rated on,and also as the OWNER of: "hotel, outbuildings and 5 town lots." The auditor had obviously criticised the absence of the owner's name for practically every property and few properties lacked this detail in 1869. By the assessment of 3-9-1870,owners' names no longer seemed important and William Dixon Scurfield was again rated on the property described in 1869 as well as the 43 acres that had apparently been completely missed in '69. The same assessment was recorded on 2-9-1871 but this time the rate collector had forgotten to list assessment numbers.

On 7-9-1872, Willie Scurfield, who had been back home in the pub from about 1867 (during which time Father Nyall had tried to interfere with Willie)was assessed on "town lot",while W.D.S. had the same assessment again.On 6-9-1873, W.D.S.was assessed on the pub and 5 town lots (A.No. 89)and the 43 acres (A.N.90)while Willie was rated again on town lot. In A.N.89 there was faint scribble above William Dixon Scurfield's surname and although it didn't look much like it should have,I knew exactly where to look when W.D.S. was not rated on the hotel and 5 town lots in the first Shire of Flinders and Kangerong assessment; he was only rated on the 43 acres and Willie's town lot was described as Young's land.

The scribble seemed to start with I and end with don,but sure enough, there was the 5-9-1874 assessment for Scurfield's hotel: Ass.No.4.Assender, George, hotel and 5 town lots, N.A.V. 60 Pounds.

William Dixon Scurfield was in financial trouble again although his assets were greater than his liabilities.

NEW INSOLVENTS......Wm. Dixon Scurfield, Dromana, licensed victualler. Liabilities, £479; assets, £650.
(P.14, Advocate,Melbourne, 25-4-1874.)

It was George Assender who renamed the pub as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. I wonder where George had been before he took over the Scurfield Hotel. Find out under the hotel's new name, THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.


The following COURT REPORT shows that William Dixon Scurfield was running the Scurfield by 1864.

CRIMINAL CHARGE AGAINST THE REV. PATRICK NIALL.
At the police court at Mornington, on Saturday last, before Messrs. Templeton,P.M., Gillett, and Mairs, J.P.'s, Patrick Niall, a Roman Catholic priest, surrendered to his bail to answer a charge of committing a criminal assault upon George Fairlem. Superintendent Hare prosecuted. The prisoner was defended by Mr. R. D. Ireland,
Q.C., and Mr. Duigan, instructed by Mr. J,G. Morrison.

The first witness examined was George Fairlem, a mariner, late chief officer of the ship Hurricane, examined by Superintendent Hare.-'I recollect the 23rd of last month. I came ashore from the wreck to Scurfield's Hotel, at Dromana, about seven o'clock that evening. I saw the prisoner there. He arrived by the coach from Schnapper Point. I saw him once before, but did not speak to him. When I saw him on the 23rd ult., Mr.Scurfield introduced us. We sat beside the fire conversing. Mr. Scurfield was in the room at the time. Constable O'Shannassy came in after the prisoner had had his tea. About twelve o'clock the prisoner left the room, bid-
ding the company good night. I saw him about twenty minutes or half an hour after.He came to the parlour door, and apologised to Mrs. Scurfield for coming in his night-dress, saying he wished to speak to me. I said All right," and took no further notice. He shut the door, and went away. The prisoner was dressed in a night-shirt, a pair of pyjamas, and night-cap. In about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour he returned, and again said he wished to speak to me privately. Mrs. Scurfield and Constable O'Shannassy were in the room at the time. In reply to the prisoner I again said all right, and he shut the door. I then went out and saw him in the lobby ; he walked into his own room, and I returned to the parlour.

The same persons were still there. I think O'Shannassy then left the room. The prisoner again came to the door of the parlour, and said, ' Mr. Fairlem, I want to speak to you privately ; I will not detain you many minutes." I got up and went into the passage to see what he wanted.He did not speak, and walked to his room.
I followed, and stood at the threshold of the door. He caught hold of me by the hand,and tried to pull me in, and shut the door on me. He did not say anything at the time. I pushed him on one side, and returned to the parlour.

Mrs. Scurfield and Constable O'Shannassy were there. I stayed in the parlour about ten minutes ; it was then about one o'clock. I asked Mr. Scurfield to wake me in time to go by the coach in the morning. I was sober when I went to bed. I had two or three glasses of grog during the day and evening. I went to bed in the room I always occupy. The prisoner's room was about ten or twelve feet from mine. The curtain at the window of my bedroom was drawn up. I went to bed, and fell asleep. I was awakened about four a.m. by the bedroom door being opened,and I saw the prisoner standing at the door,I recognised him by his white dress. He shut the door softly, and came into the room. He came to the side of the bed. (The witness here described the attempt to commit the offence.)

I jumped out of bed, and pulled him out by the hair of the head, and thumped him round the room, calling him a dirty old beast. He got into his room, and fastened the door. I called to him if he did not open it I would break it. Mr. Scurfield then came into the passage, and the prisoner opened the door, and I struck him again. Mr.Scurfield went away, saying he would bring Constable O'Shannassy. When the constable came into the passage, I was still striking the prisoner, who called to him for help. I told O'Shannassy what I was striking him for, and continued striking him until he said the prisoner had had enough.

The prisoner tried to make O'Shannassy and Scurfield believe that he had only gone into my room to wake me
and that I accused him wrongfully. Mr.Scurfield ordered the prisoner out of his house. At that time the prisoner was all covered with blood, and both eyes bunged up. The prisoner went into his room, and shortly
after came out dressed, with his portmanteau in his hand. He said to Scurfield, "I hope you will not turn me out at such a time in the morning." Mr. and Mrs. Scurfield,O'Shannassy, the prisoner, and myself then went into the parlour. Mr. Scurfield said the prisoner should be exposed. The prisoner said I might as well take his life as expose him. I said I would not do so, as I had punished him enough. I told O'Shannassy all that had occurred in my bedroom. The prisoner was present at the time. The prisoner was sitting in a low chair or kneeling,
I cannot say which, when he asked me not to expose him. I went up to town in the coach shortly after. I have not seen the prisoner since, until to-day.

Cross-examined by Mr. Ireland.-I was very much excited at the time. I was sober at the time. I do not think I had more than six glasses of grog during the day and night. I never stated to any one that the offence had
been committed, and that is why I put the letter in the papers.

To Mr. Templeton,-I asked Mr. Scurfield to wake me in the morning. The prisoner,Mr. and Mrs. Scurfield, and Constable O'Shannassy were present at the time. There was a bright moonlight that night.

William Dixon Scurfield, examined by Superintendent Hare.-I am a hotelkeeper residing at Dromana. I have known the prisoner about five years. During that time he has been in the habit of staying at my house. Mr. Fairlem was staying at my house on the night of the 23rd August. The prisoner also came to my house that night by the
Schnapper Point coach. He arrived a little after eight o'clock. I shut up the bar at ten o'clock, and joined the prisoner, Mr. Fairlem, and Constable O'Shannassy in the parlour. I went to bed about one o'clock. I left Mr.Fairlem, the prisoner and O'Shannassy in the parlour. I cannot say if Mrs. Scurfield was in the parlour when I went to bed. About an hour after I was awoke by a noise of scuffling,and Fairlem's voice calling on me. The voice came from Fairlem's room, or in the lobby adjoining. I partly dressed, and went into the passage, and saw Fairlem standing outside the prisoner's door, threatening to burst it in if he did not come out. The prisoner opened the door, and came into the passage,Fairlem seized him, and a scuffle ensued, in which Fairlem struck the prisoner, saying" I will learn you to try on such tricks with me."

I went over to the police station for Constable O'Shannassy. When I returned the prisoner was washing the blood off his face, and Fairlem was in the parlour. Fairlem did not strike the prisoner after I returned, I was called into the prisoner's room, and he asked me what he had better do under the circumstances. O'Shannassy was present at the time. I advised him to go back immediately to Brighton. He said he could not do that, as he must go on to Point Nepean. He said he must make some excuse for his appearance, and asked me to remain silent as to the occurrence.

I promised to keep silence on one condition-namely, that the affair should not be misrepresented. The prisoner said he would account for the condition of his face by saying that he had fallen over a heap of wood in my yard. Some hours afterwards he asked me for the loan of my snuffbox, as he had mislaid his own. The prisoner left my house about noon on the 24th for Point Nepean. I saw the prisoner again on the evening of the 27th. He stayed at my house. I do not recollect if he said anything about the affair when he returned on the 27th of
August.

The distance between the door of the prisoner's room and that of Fairlem's room is at the outside 9ft. A boy named Gardiner slept in the room opposite Fairlem's and adjoining tho prisoner's bedroom. ;A person in one room can overhear what is said in the other. I know the snuff-box produced. I saw it in the prisoner's possession on the night of the 23rd August. Fairlem was sober when I went to bed and also when I got up. I cannot recollect
the words used by Fairlem when he was striking the prisoner. He accused him of taking liberties with him. I said the prisoner had tried it on with my son.

Cross-examined by Mr. Ireland.-I am certain that the prisoner did not leave the room to go to bed before I went to bed.
To Mr. Templeton.-At the time Fairlem was striking the prisoner, and accusing him the prisoner said he had gone into his room to wake him to go by the coach.

Catherine Hetherington Scurfield, wife of the last witness, examined by Mr. Hare. Iremember the prisoner and Mr. Fairlem being at our house on the night of the 23rd August. They were in the parlour with Constable O'Shannassy and my husband all the evening. Tho prisoner and my husband left the room to go to bed about the same time, as well as I can recollect it was near half-past two o'clock. The prisoner afterwards came to the parlour door ; he was then in his nightdress. He begged my pardon,' and said he thought I had retired. He then shut the door and went into my private sitting-room, put out the light, and peeped through the curtains into the room where we were sitting, afterwards heard him in the passage, and Fairlem took him a glass of whiskey to the bedroom.

It was about fifteen minutes to three o'clock when I went to bed. Fairlem went to bed and O Shannassy went home at the same time. I was awoke by a noise of fighting in the passage, but did not leave my room. I saw the prisoner the next day. He said he would excuse tho state of his face by saying he had fallen over a wheelbarrow in our yard. Cross-examined by Mr. Ireland.-I did not hear the prisoner say to Fairlem that he wanted to speak to him privately. The prisoner only opened the door once, but I heard him in the passage three times. I did not go out of my room when I heard the noise of fighting in the passage. I did not leave my room till nine o'clock in tho morning.

William O'shannassy sworn.-I am a mounted constable stationed at Dromana. I have known the prisoner for fifteen years. I belong to his church and he has been my clergyman during that time. On the evening of tho 23rd August, I went to Scurfield's Hotel in consequence of a message I received from the prisoner, who wished to see me.
We were sitting in the parlour, in company with Mrs. and Mr. Scurfield and Fairlem,until about half-past eleven o'clock, when Scurfield went to bed, and the prisoner shortly afterwards went to bed also. About ten minutes afterwards he came back and asked for his valise, which I carried to his bedroom. He then had his clothes on, but was wearing his night-cap. When I went to his room he told me to tell Mr. and Mrs. Scurfield and Fairlem that it was time to go to bed. I told them what he said, but we remained there,and shortly afterwards he came in his nightdress and asked if I had gone. I stooped under tho table so that he might not see me. He told the others that it was time to go to bed. He then returned to his bedroom. He came to the door again about twenty minutes afterwards, and said "I want to see you, Mr. Fairlem." Fairlem went into the passage, and after a few minutes returned to tho parlour much excited. He showed his excitement by grinding his teeth and putting up his sleeves. Left about half an hour afterwards, and Fairlem went to his bedroom. It was about ten minutes to two
when I left Scurfield's Hotel.

I was awoke by Scurfield about ten minutes to four o'clock. I followed him to the hotel as soon as I could put my clothes on. I heard the noise of a scuffle going on in the house, and Fairlem's voice.When I went into the house I saw Fairlem striking the prisoner, having hold of the hair of his bead. I ran up and pulled Fairlem
away. The prisoner's face was covered with blood. Ho asked Fairlem if he did anything more when he went into his room than endeavour to wake him to go by the coach. Fairlem called him a liar. We went into Fairlem's bedroom, and I asked him if he was going to give the prisoner in charge for assault. He replied "No, I have given him enough." I then asked the prisoner if ho was going to give Mr. Fairlem in charge for ill-using and
abusing him. He said, " Oh no ; how could I do such a thing?" Scurfield said that he (the prisoner) had behaved improperly to his son some time before, but he screened him. The prisoner said if Fairlem would apologise, there would be no more saidabout it. Fairlem said, in a loud voice, "Apologise to you; never." The prisoner said¡ "Well then, we will say no more about it." Fairlem said, "I will say no more about it," and then shook hands.

Fairlem then went by the coach to Melbourne. Tho prisoner said he would account for the marks on his face by saying that he had fallen over some timber. When he returned from Point Nepean the prisoner asked me if the affair had become public. I told him that every one in Dromana knew of it, and that I had heard that Fairlem had spoken of him in Melbourne. The prisoner said, "William, I can hardly believe that,for Fairlem has no grounds for making such an accusation." I then advised him to proceed against Fairlem for ill-treating him. He replied, "It would never do for a priest to do that.

Cross-examined by Mr. Ireland.-I saw Fairlem take a glass of whiskey into the priest's room. When Fairlem came into the parlour after seeing the prisoner he was grinding his teeth. He said, " That old beggar wants to do something to me."
To Mr. Hare.-I did not see Fairlem go into the prisoner's room. Fairlem was not drunk when he went to bed.
To the Bench. -Scurfield was in the passage when I came there, and stopped Fairlem from striking the prisoner.

Baker Fachell, examined by Mr. Hare -
I am a waiter at Scurfield's Hotel at Dromana. I was at the hotel on the night of the 23rd August. I slept in the room marked C in the plan now produced. I went to bed about one o'clock. I woke between three and four o'clock, hearing the kitchen-door open. I heard some person in the kitchen, and saw the figure of a man go past the window of my room, going towards the house.I thought at the time it was the prisoner. About ten minutes afterwards I heard a scuffle in tho room on the right hand side, and then heard Fairlem's voice threatening
to break the prisoner's door down unless he opened it.

Christopher Gardiner, examined by Mr.Hare.-I live at Richmond with my mother. I am fifteen years of age. I was at Dromana on tho 23rd of August. I slept that night at Scurfield's Hotel, in tho room next the one the prisoner slept in, and opposite Fairlem's room. I was awoke about four o'clock by a noise in the passage, and I
heard tho voices of Fairlem and the prisoner and the sound of blows. The prisoner cried out. I then heard Scurfield say, "Put him out the back way, Fairlem." Some time afterwards I got up and dressed. I saw the prisoner standing in the passage. He was half-dressed,with the rest of his clothes in his hands.

This closed the case for the prosecution.

Mr. Ireland said that in the case put before them that day there was not the slightest attempt even to prove that the crime with which his client was charged had been committed. Mr. Templeton said that so far the Bench
agreed with him, but that the evidence went to show that there was an attempt to commit the crime.

Mr. Ireland thought that, accepting the evidence given by the witnesses, it did not show that even an attempt had been made. At the worst construction, it would show a licentious turn of mind, but nothing more. At that late hour (life?) would not enter into the details of the evidence. If the Bench thought there was a sufficient case to send the prisoner to trial ho would not attempt to impose on them the functions of a jury. In justice to the prisoner he did not wish it to be supposed that he had not good grounds for addressing a jury because he did not state them then.

Mr. Templeton said that the case had been brought very fairly before the court. They were of opinion that the case must go before a higher court, and that it would be no benefit to the prisoner if they discharged him. The prisoner was then committed for trial at the next criminal sessions.

In answer to Mr. Ireland Mr. Templeton said there was a difference of opinion between the magistrates whether the charge should be an attempt to commit a criminal assault or a common assault. On the application of Mr. Ireland the Bench reduced the amount of bail one half.
The same sureties were accepted in £500 each, and the prisoner himself in £1,000. The sureties were present, and the necessary bonds being entered into, the prisoner left the court with his friends.
CRIMINAL CHARGE AGAINST THE REV. PATRICK NIALL.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 13 September 1869 p 6 Article.


NEVER MENTIONED IN TRIAL REPORTS.
In our fourth page will be found the statement of a very serious charge against the Rev.Patrick Niall of criminally assaulting the chief officer of the ship Hurricane, named Fairlem. A letter by Fairlem denying that this felonious assault had taken place appeared in the Melbourne Herald, but this journal subsequently
explained that this denial referred not to the attempt to commit the offence but to its actual perpetration. As it was supposed that Fairlem, who had shipped on board another vessel,was about to leave the colony he was arrested and bound over to appear at Dromana, on Saturday. A telegram from Melbourne states that the Rev. Mr. Niall has been committed for trial, bail allowed in £2000, with sureties of £1000 each. (The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (NSW : 1868 - 1931) Saturday, 18 September 1869 p 2 )

THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.
George Assender had taken over the Scurfield Hotel by September 1874 and ran it for over a decade but little mention was made of him in Dromana's current written history, except in connection with the Union Church.

George Assender was born on 17-10-1834 in Southwark,Surrey, England to James Joseph Assender (born at the same place in 1804) and Ruth (nee Everett) who died in 1841 aged 37.
(George Assender b. 17 Oct 1834 Southwark, Surrey ...
https://red1st.com/axholme/getperson.php?personID=I480088356...)

George Assender's death notices tally with a birth in 1834 and also supplies a link to the articles below. There is no mention of George's daughter Isabella whose piano was mentioned in George's insolvency meeting in 1885.

ASSENDER.âOn the 15th inst., at his daughter's residence, Blairmore, Gertrude-street, Windsor, George, the beloved husband of Grace Assender,late of Dromana, aged 60 years.
ASSENDER.âOn the 15th inst., at his daughters residence, Mrs Jones, Windsor, the loving father of Janie Ford, Lucy Hall, and Annie Assender, of Albert-park, at the age of 60, after a short illness. (P.1, Argus,16-3-1895.)

MESSAGES TO THE DIGGINGS, &c.
MR. J. ASSENDER, of Hindmarsh.
Your Wife is very anxious concerning you, only having had two letters from you, the last being dated the 4th September. All well at home. (P.4,Adelaide Observer, 10-12-1854.)
N.B. J.Assender had left Adelaide for Melbourne aboard the Asia on 24-1-1852. (P.2, South Australian Register,26-1-1852.)

A Second Charge.âThe same prisoner was then charged with stealing a prayer-book, value one shilling,the property of Joseph Assender, now at Melbourne.
(Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 25 November 1854 p 7 Article)

WILLIAM SMITH, of Adelaide, lately engaged on the Argus newspaper, will oblige by writing to Mr. G. Assender, care of Lewis and Nickrison*(sic), Rushworth, as his mother and sister are anxious to hear of his whereabouts.
(P.8,Argus,10-6-1856.)
N.B. There was still an Assender presence in Rushworth in 1952,the birth being reported in a South Australian newspaper.

The correct spelling would seem to be Nickinson; James Nickinson and George Assender may have been cousins. NICKINSON.âOn the 19th November, 1892, at the residence of her son-in-law, Fernbank-villa, South Wimbledon, Surrey, England, Jane Assender, the dearly-beloved mother of James M. Nickinson, of Shepparton, Victoria, aged 80 years. A conscientious Christian woman, whose constant care was that her children should be brought up to fear the Lord. (P.1, Argus, 2-1-1893.)

On the 23rd September, at Whroo*, Victoria, by the Rev. Theodore Budd, George Assender, late of Adelaide, to Grace Menzies, of Perth, Scotland.(P.6,South Australian Register, 11-10-1858.)
(*Another notice,in The Argus, stated that George and Grace were both residents of Whroo,near Goulburn.)

Appointments to committees of Common Schools:......Kingstown : Frank Baker, Thomas Young, Emile Huide, Joseph
Emmott, James M. Nickenson, George Assender. (P.5, The Age, 27-5-1865.)

WANTED, a TEACHER, for Common School,Kingstown. Apply Geo. Assender, P.O., Kangaroo Ground.
(P.1, Argus, 18-2-1870.)

INQUESTS.
Mr. Candler held an inquest on the 11th inst. at Eltham, on the body of George Moore, aged 33 or 34 years, a horse dealer.
On Wednesday evening the deceased was at Kangaroo-ground, Nilumbik, Eltham, in company with a storekeeper named Assender,and, as both were going to Kingston, the latter, on meeting deceased advised him to drive his vehicle behind Assender's cart, and he would be all right. Assender started, but the night was so dark that he could not tell whether the other followed......(P.6, Argus, 14-8-1871.)

SCHOOL BOARDS OF ADVICE.
ELTHAM
The election for the north riding of the shire of Eltham comprising Kangaroo ground and St Andrews came off on Thursday, and resulted in the return of Messrs Contie, E H Cameron, Robert Smith, Jas.Johnston, and George Assender. (P.5, Argus,7-7-1873.)

George was off to Dromana soon after he was re-elected to the Board of Advice. Within a few years of arriving,he was well-regarded enough to be appointed to the building committee of the proposed Union Church in 1877 and as a trustee of the church in 1878. (P.114-115 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

However by 1885 George had become insolvent.His daughter Isabella is not mentioned in George's death notice. However Isabella had become Mrs Jones, and it was at her house that George died.
(Assender Isabella Grace Jones - Melbourne South
www.ancientfaces.com ⺠History ⺠Jones Family)

George's widow,Grace,also died at Isabella's home.

ASSENDER. â On the 22nd October, at the residence of her daughter, Gertrude-street, Windsor, Grace, relict
of the late George Assender, aged 76.(P.1,The Prahran Telegraph,30-10-1909.)

ASSENDER.-The Friends of the late Mrs.GRACE ASSENDER are respectfully informed that her remains will be interred in the St. Kilda Cemetery.The funeral will leave her residence, "Blairmore," Gertrude street, Windsor, THIS DAY (Saturday, 23rd inst.), at 11 a.m.(P.13, Argus,23-10-1909.)
N.B. George was also buried at St Kilda Cemetery. Grace is not on the late Gary Batt's index.Perhaps there was no inscription for Grace.



An adjourned examination was held in the estate of George Assender, of Dromana hotelkeeper, Mr Braham appearing for the trustee.
George Assender, the insolvent, was further examined in detail respecting the circumstances under which a quantity of furniture, a piano, and some household goods were removed from his hotel to Mrs, Kittle in South Melbourne, a few days before sequestration.

Isabella Assender, daughter of the insolvent, also examined, stated that she bought the piano which had been removed, and paid for it with her own money which she had obtained for wages andin gifts from visitors to the hotel. She was not at the hotel when any of the goods were removed, and knew nothing about the removal. Mrs Kittle had not told her that the goods had been seized by the assignee. The examination then closed. (P.3,Argus,15-5-1885.)

WAINWRIGHT, ALLISON.
To cut a long story short,Catherine Wainwright's husband died after she and he took over the Arthur Seat Hotel (formerly Scurfield's) and Catherine became the licensee. The very next year Catherine Allinson was the licensee and my suspicion that blacksmith, William Allinson,had married Widow Wainwright was confirmed.

Mrs. Catherine Jane Wainwright,widow, applied to the Court for permission to carry on the business of her latehusband, at the Arthur's Seat hotel, Dromana, and on the license granted to him.In reply to the Bench she stated she had taken out letters of administration to the estate.-The Bench informed Mrs. Wainwright that the application was unnecessary and that as administratix she could conduct the business until the end of the
year, when she would require to apply to the Court for a license.-Mrs. Wainwright thanked the Bench and withdrew the present application.
(South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 16 June 1886 p 3 Article)

WAINWRIGHT.âOn 2nd August, at the residencc of his parents. 15 Horace-street,Quarry Hill, Bendigo. William, twin son of H. M. and A. R Wainwright. grandson of Mrs. B. T. Boag, Dromana, and Mrs. W.Allison, Footscray, aged 17 months.(P.6, Bendigo Advertiser, 5-8-1914.)


I was told that the Wainwights had lived at James Robertson Boag's Melrose dairy/guest house (c/a 11,section 1, Kangerong of 88 acres between the Panoramic Estate (bisected diagonally by Freida St) and the Monaco Estate (east, inclusive of Lombardy St.) The streets on Melrose are named after flowers and trees such as Canna and Fig. This is why Melrose became a Wainwright residence.Annette's second given name probably came from Commander Melville G.H.W. Ross,grantee of the Panoramic Estate and a navigator who charted the entrance of Port Phillip Bay and the route of the cable near Flinders.

WAINWRIGHTâBOAG.âOn the 21st March, at the Presbyterian Church, Dromana, by the Rev.J. Gibson, West Melbourne, Horatio M. Wainwright,of Perth (W.A.), to Annette Ross, eldest daughter of the late James R. Boag, of "Mel- rose", Dromana. (P.9, Argus,29-4-1905.)

MURPHY,BROWN,COCKY.
The rate collector expected me to believe that Lawrence Murphy was running the Dromana Hotel and the Arthurs Seat Hotel at the same time in the 1897 assessment,just months before the latter was burnt to the ground. This would not make sense unless Murphy had the idea of ARSON AROUND. But Lawrence was one of the most respected citizens in Mornington (where he'd run a coach service and later ran the Royal Hotel on the Esplanade)and Dromana (where he was the prime mover in establishing the Catholic Church.) It just didn't make sense.

The following showed what a dill the rate collector as well as exposing the error in Spencer Jackson's BEAUTIFUL DROMANA,1927, that the fire had swept down the mountainside;it obviously started within the hotel.

The old-established Arthur's Seat Hotel, containing about 20 rooms, was demolished by fire on Sunday morning.
The licensee, Mr Charles Brown, was aroused from his slumbers by the screeching of a parrot caged in the
house. On proceeding to ascertain the cause he was met by volumes of dense smoke. He at once alarmed the inmates, but despite the strenuous efforts on the part of Mr Brown and several residents the building was burned to the ground. The Misses Brown showed commendable presence of mind in rescuing the horses from the stable. A piano, sewing-machine, several bedsteads and bedroom furniture were saved, also the conveyances ,and harness. The stabling and a detached building containing two rooms escaped the ravages of the fire. The building and furniture were purchased some four years ago by Miss Anketell of Melbourne, and were insured.
(DROMANA. Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 28 April 1898 p 3 Article)

horse trough, springs
Cr. Griffith drew attention to the spring below the Arthur's Seat Hotel, the cattle being allowed to wander over it and make it unfit for use. As the council had gone to the expense of a tank something should be done to keep the water pure. If it were fenced in the cattle could get water at the trough. The secretary was instructed to have it fenced. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 3-3-1898.)

HISTORY BOARD WITH PORTION OF DROMANA TOWNSHIP MAP BETWEEN FOOTE ST AND BURRELL ROAD,THE SHOWGROUNDS RESERVE, THE DEBNEYS, THE PROPOSED ROAD TO THE CEMETERY (PARK ST) AND HERONSWOOD. HENRY BOURNE HIGGINS' OBITUARY

THE POST OFFICE.
As stated previously,the Township was west of McCulloch St (to Burrell Rd, which despite the virtual cliff was supposed to connect the Esplanade and the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.)East of McCulloch St were crown allotments 1-8 of section 1 Kangerong.

In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear stated that the original post office was in a granite building named Carnarvon,situated on the corner of Foote St and Latrobe Pde.
"In the 19th century prospecting days about Dromana miners could sell their findings to Dawes who ran a store on the corner of Foote St. and Latrobe Parade in the first Carnarvon which stood there then. On the counter stood his gold scales in what was the first Dromana Post Office. (P.54 with photo.)

Despite the majority of permanent residents being tenants on the survey in the mid 1850's when the township site was decided, the centre of population was probably farther west with many timber getters working on Arthurs Seat. The zig-zagging Tower Rd, which was used as a boundary between the township's suburban allotments, may have been created by bullock drivers bringing timber to the coast by the shortest possible route. Codrington St, which divides township streets to the west running at right angles to the coast and those such as Verdon St, which don't, may have been a continuation of this track.

Another early track may have been between McLear Rd near the summit and Caldwell Rd, which formed the boundary between suburban allotments and William Grace's "Gracefield",granted in 1857. This track would have continued along McCulloch St,the eastern boundary of the township.

Despite the township being proclaimed in 1861, the suburban blocks of mostly 2 roods (half an acre) were being sold in about 1858. Richard Watkins, who is stated wrongly as establishing the Dromana Hotel in 1857 (actually 1862 not counting the slate roof) was in 1858 running Scurfield's hotel as well as selling Arthurs Seat timber (in competition with another firm.)

Proclamation of the township meant that the Crown would provide a school and a post office. Shortly afterwards, Robert Quinan and Daniel Nicholson were scrambling to have their private schools chosen as the Common School. Interestingly, many of those who signed the 9-3-1861 petition (P.132 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA)were Survey residents. The private school near Wallaces Rd on the Survey had apparently closed after the death of the teacher's wife. With the school also west of McCulloch St, Survey children could pickup the mail on their way home from school, so the location of the post office was not a great problem.

On page 138, Colin McLear wrote:
From its original premises,the post office moved into another granite building of the same period,this time in the main shopping centre. These premises were owned by Walter Gibson and also incorporated brick from the Glenholme (sic) clay pits. In later years these offices were replaced by a used car yard.

I have been trying since I started this journal to find the second article about the removal/argument re the post office first seen years ago. It was found by accident when I was trying to find out whether Pattersons Lane had been renamed Wallaces Rd after a Wallace family. The first article was found when I unsuccessfully searched for a request from Water Gibson to the Flinders and Kangerong to have the township boundary altered to take in the area near the pier. (Perhaps that was in 1885 when Peter Pidoto's parents-in-law died? No!*)



The Postmaster-General was waited upon on Friday by Mrs.(Alex.)Haldan, accompanied by Mr. Fergusson, M.L.A., the object being to draw his attention to the inconvenience caused to the residents of Dromana by the removal of the post and telegraph office from that place to some distance outside Dromana. Mrs. Haldan represented that her husband had held the office of postmaster in Dromana for many years till the office was removed,and if it were now re-transferred to Dromana she was willing to supply a building for the purpose free of cost to the department. Mr. Cuthbert replied that if it was the wish of the residents generally that the office should be re-transferred,he would take the matter into consideration.

Mr.Gibson, the lessor of the post-office building, afterwards waited upon the Postmaster-General, and represented that he was one of the guarantors to the department in regard to the post-office at Dromana, and he desired that they might not be called upon to pay the deficiency of L.105 in the revenue. In support of his request he quoted several precedents, and Mr. Cuthbert promised to take the matter intoconsideration.Telegraph.
(South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 5 June 1878 p 2 Article)

DROMANA.
A strenuous effort is being made by one section of the community to have the post and telegraphic office removed to a site remote from the general traffic. The advocates of this movement argue that the post and tele-
graph office should be in the township, which is certainly right in the abstract, but the township of Dromana is anomalously situated, the jetty and principal places of business being some distances beyond its boundary.
The jetty, however, is naturally the convergent point, from all the traffic of the district. The other section of the inhabitants, therefore, argue that the post office is in the right place, being in close proximity to the centre of trade and feel that the proposed removal, if carried out, would, be injurious to the interests of the district at large. The Postmaster General has been interviewed by both sides, and a petition has been got
up for presentation by the removalists. The result remains to be seen.
(South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 12 June 1878 p 3 Article)

*PROOF OF THE SAYING:"YOU MAKE YOUR OWN LUCK."
If I had not decided to write a journal about Alex Haldan and suspected that Cr. George M.Henderson was a relative of Alexander's wife, I would never have discovered the article about Walter Gibson,actually George McLear, wanting to extend the township boundary toward the pier. I knew all the right key words apart from the petitioner's name, and was sure that the article was from 1878 but there was not one result on trove.

A petition was presented by Councillor McLear; praying that the boundary of the present township of Dromana might be so extended as to include the jetty and other places of business. The petition was signed by a number of owners of land in the township, and also by nearly all the owners of land sought to be incorporated. Notice of motion was given for the consideration of the matter at the next meeting of the Council.
(P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 3-7-1878.)


THE SHOWGROUNDS RESERVE.
In 1910, the Lands Department informed the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong that it had permanently reserved this reserve but this fact was not gazetted until 1929. Why the delay? I'm not going to tell you what prompted
such urgent action after such a lengthy delay. Read page 181 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA where the article, SALE OF PUBLIC RESERVE (Peninsula Post,September 13 1928) is reproduced.

N.B. The showgrounds reserve, bounded by McArthur St, Clarendon St, Stawell St and Latrobe Pde, and now occupied by the bowls club, consists of 3 acres 1 rood and 24 perches. In the Lands Department correspondence of 1910,which I reproduced in comments, I forgot to correct the faulty digitisation re the number of perches.

DEBNEY.
The Debneys were pioneers of Flemington,having established their tannery on today's Debney's Paddock just north of the Flemington bridge by 1874. As George Washington Debney had been a councillor,it was not surprising that he became involved in public affairs at Dromana. His retirement and move to Dromana was probably hastened by the destruction of the tannery by fire. Tanneries don't smell all that nice so George lived in Victoria St, Boundary Rd and finally Bagotville (near the Flemington racecourse and showgrounds) before moving to Dromana. His daughter married one of the Pattersons (after which family Pattersons Rd at Fingal was named, and Wallaces Rd on the Survey was originally named*) so the Debneys had obviously holidayed at Dromana for some time before their permanent residence there began.

*C'MON ITELLYA! HOW DO YOU KNOW THAT G.W.'S DAUGHTER DIDN'T MARRY A PATTERSON FELLA FROM THE ASCOT VALE OR FLEMINGTON AREA? Okay conscience,I'll check. You don't have to shout!

PATTERSON - DEBNEY. -On the 21st December, at Washington, Ascotvale,by the Rev. A.C.Caffin, of St.Paul's, Ascotvale, Godfrey Ralph, second son of Ralph Patterson, of Cape Schanck, to Jean Muirhead, only daughter of George Washington Debney, of Washington, Ascotvale. Pre(sent address, Pine Grove,Cape Schanck.
(P.1,Argus, 19-1-1911.)

Unfortunately the marriage was cut short by Jean's death. Her mother had plenty of grief in a short time, with her husband and only daughter dying and then Norm's wife deserting him and nicking off to Perth. By the way, Norm had probably taken over lots 18 and 19 of the Clarke Estate from Ralph Godfrey (sic) Patterson by mid 1911. In 1910, Godfrey was rated on lots 18 and 19 on the south side of Patterson's Lane (Wallace's Rd)and Jane Smith* Debney was rated on section 7, Dromana (township).

*George DEBNEY
www.airgale.com.au/debney/d9.htm
Jan 18, 2011 - George Washington DEBNEY [88895] was born in 1847 in Royston Hertfordshire England and died on 18 Feb 1917 in Dromana VIC Australia ..

George (W.)married Jane SMITH [88896] [MRIN: 29625] on 29 Dec 1874 in Hotham Colony of Victoria. Jane was born in 1854 in Peterculter Aberdeen Scotland.

PATTERSON (nee Debney) In loving memory of my dear daughter, who died 14th December, 1916, loved daughter of the late G. W. Debney, only sister of James, Leslie, Albert, Norman.(Inserted by her loving mother and brothers-,J.Debney,- Dromana.)


Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 15 May 1874 p 1 Advertising
... _ WANTED, an APPRENTICE, or Turnover, Currier Debney Tannery, Flemington Bank,

DESTRUCTIVE FIRE. TANNERY BURNT.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 19 July 1909 p 7 Article
... noticed flames in the boiler shed of Debney Brothers' Tannery, near Flemington Bridge at about ... Debney Brothers have carried on business in the tannery for over 30 years.

The New Hall-- On Monday evening last a public meeting was held to devise ways and means of raising the sum of £100, so that the Government offer of another £10O might be accepted. Owing to the inclement weather, the
attendance was not as large as it otherwise would have been, but it was fairly representative. Mr G.W. Debney occupied the chair, and briefly explained the object of the meeting. (P.2, Mornington Standard,18-5-1912.)

News has been received of the severe illness of Mr. George Debney, a few years back a well-known tanner and
resident of Bagotville. Mr. Debney, now a resident of Dromana, has been recently incapacitated by an apoplectic
affection, and, as troubles never come singly, his daughter (Mrs. Patterson, also of Dromana) was, a few days ago,compelled to become a patient in a private hospital at East Melbourne.
(SOCIAL BREVITIES
The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 16 September 1915 p 3 Article)


Now it is known as Debney's Park.
The Debney family was also active in local affairs, with George Washington Debney serving on the first council of the Flemington- Kensington Borough in 1883.

FLEMINGTON AND KENSINGTON COUNCIL.
Tuesday, 24th September
CORRESPONDENCE.
...........
From Messrs Debney Bros, asking permission to erect a drying shed at their tannery.
(P.2,North Melbourne Advertiser,26-9-1890.)

Debney's to be play area
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 17 November 1953 p 7 Article
... Debney#s to be play area W M The future of Dcbney's Paddock, Flemington, has been settled at last

17 Latrobe Parade Dromana
Washington
The first time offered for sale in 5 generations this Victorian home is close to the beach with bay views and is positioned on land of just over a ¼ acre. The four main rooms of the house were built about 1912. A large family room was added shortly thereafter to provide extra sleeping space, while a sunroom was added in more recent years. The original building works are of rendered granite rubble and were built by the well known local builders, the Jordan brothers. This form of construction was fairly localized to the Dromana area and the house is listed on the Heritage Buildings list as a building of local significance.

Of course I've read the heritage study but when I googled DEBNEY,DROMANA,HERITAGE, it was a real estate agent that provided the necessary information. There is also a beach house mentioned in the study in relation to the Debneys that I will need to find for inclusion in the return walk along the foreshore.

My rate transcriptions were mainly concerned with farms but luckily in the last assessment available on microfiche,that of 1919-1920,I transcribed Dromana Township (folios 102-103.) Mrs Jane S.Debney of Dromana was assessed on the eastern half of section 7 and buildings,nett annual value 30 pounds. The rate collector's handwriting was terrible and my guess at the house name was WASBERYSON.

The Dromana Township map shows that section 7 was bounded by Stawell St,Layard St, Pasley St and Latrobe Pde. There were only two crown allotments,the eastern half being c/a 1, consisting of 2 roods (half an acre) with frontages of 40 metres to Stawell St and 50 metres to Latrobe Pde.

Washington is the newer or better preserved of two houses on c/a 1, section 7. The one nearer to Stawell St has thick concrete pillars and was in a most dilapidated state when I parked in Stawell St to inspect the east half of section 7 a couple of years ago while on my campaign to identify heritage places before they were demolished.

DR. WILLIAM McCREA.
It is of interest that all of section 7 was granted to W.McCrea in 1856,five years before Dromana Township was proclaimed. The grantee was Dr McCrea who was assessed on 120 acres, Dromana, on 3-9-1864. In 1865,MCREA was assessed on 3 town lots,N.A.V.5 pounds. In 1879, Wm. McCrea, physician, was assessed on 12 town lots. Other blocks were granted early to Commander Melville G.H.W.Ross and M.Foley.

My earlier belief that Dr McCrea was related to Dr Farquhar McCrae and his brother, Andrew, of the Arthurs Seat Run was wrong and McCrea St opposite the Campbell's Creek Cemetery near Castlemaine was certainly named after this early Dromana Township grantee, the colony's chief medical officer.
See William McCrea's biography:
Anecdotal Photograph. Dr. William McCrea.
Table Talk (Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939) Friday 1 May 1896 p 3 Article.

GOVERNMENT LAND SALE.
A sale of Crown lands took place at Messrs. Tennent and Oo.'s auction rooms yesterday, the lots comprising 87 town, and 5 country lots. The bidding was generally tranquil, and the lots fell into the hands of only nine
person. The total amount realised was £1421 10s. 1d. Subjoined are the particulars :
TOWN LOTS.
SANDRIDGE.
County of Bourke, pariBh of South Melbourne.Upset price, £300 per aero.
Lot 1. Twelve perches, J. E. Crockford, £G0 the lot.
Lot 2. Twelvo perches, William Jones, £61 the lot.
DROMANA.
At Arthur's Seat, on the eastern shore of Port Phillip Bay, county of Mornington, parish of Kangerong.
Upset price, £8 per acre.
Lot 3. Two roods, Williom Jones, £10 tho lot.
Lot 4. Two roods, James Blacklook, £12 the lot.
Lot 6. Two roods, W. D. Sourfield. £7 10J the lot.
Lot 6. Two îoods, W. D. Scurfield, £1 IK' the lot.
Lot 7. Two roods, W. D. Scurfield, £1 the lot.
Lot 8. Two roods, W. D. Scurfield, £1 10s the lot.
Lot9. Two roods, W. M'Orca, £1 10s. thi lot.
Lot 10. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £6 5s. tho lot.
Lot 11. One rood thirty-one perches, W. D. Scurfield, £8 10s. the lot. '
Lot 12. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £4 10s. t o lot.
Lot l8. Two roodB, M. G. H. W. Ross, £10 the lot.
Lot 14, Two roods, M. G. H. W. Ross, £12 ICs. the lot.
Lot 16. One rood twenty-four perches, W. M'Orea, £6 16s. the lot.
Lot 16. One rood twenty-four perchos, W. M'Orea, £416s. the lot.
Lot 17. One rood twenty-four perohes, W. M'Orea, £3 15s. the lot.
Lot l8 One rood twenty-four porches, W.M'Crca,£3 4s.tholot.
Lot 19. One rood twenty-four perohes, W.M'Crea, £4ös. the lot.
Lot 20. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £5 6s. the lot.
Lot 21. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £10 tho lot.
Lot 22. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £10 63. tho lot.
Lot 23. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £10 15s. tha
Lot 24. Two loods, A. H. Bates, £916s. tho lot.
Lot 25. Two roods, A. H. Bates, £6 5s. tho
Lot 26, Two roods, Michael Foley, £5 10s.
Lot 27. Two roods, Michael Foley, SA 16s ti c lot.
Lot 28. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £5 the lot.
Iot 29. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £5 the lot.
Lot 30. Two roods, W. M'Crea, SA the lot.
Lot 31. Two roods, W. M'Orea, £5 6B. the lot.
Lot 82. Two roods, M, G. H. W. Bo3s, £18 the lot.
Lot 38. Two roods, M. G. H. W. Boss, £15 the lot.
Lot 34. Two roods, M. G. H. W. Ross, £18i th clot.
Lot 85. Two roods, M.kG. H. W. Ross, £12 the lot.
Lot 80. Two roods, John Towers, £22 10s. the lot.
Lot 37. Two roods, W. M'Crea, £30 the lot.
(P.6,Argus,19-8-1856.)






anthony's nose. DANGER, MELBOURNE BRINDLE'S DAD'S SIGN.

DEBNEY BEACH HOUSE.
FORESHORE COMMITTEE BEACH HOUSE DEPOT (MURAL)


pier and history board, george bishop (Domana Tech., valour)and ernie rudduck (ewart brindle/ferrier etc)

R. H. Adams, Rosebud, re regulation of cab traffic at Dromana pier and the placing of number of license in a conspicuous place on each licensed.-The President suggested that letter be handed to Constable Joyes with a request that he will take action to register the traffic at Dromana Jetty.-The recommendation was adopted. (Flinders and Kangerong Shire Council. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26TH.
Mornington and Dromana Standard (Vic. : 1908 - 1911) Saturday 10 December 1910 p 3 Article)


BISHOP George Arthur 1958-69
The reserve containing the playground near the Dromana Pier is called the George A.Bishop Reserve. It was so-named in 1972 after George Bishop, a Dromana resident since 1939, because of his tireless community service which included the period mentioned above as a councillor.

George Bishop's arrival in Dromana was due to his posting there as a policeman. A photo of First Constable G.Bishop (President Dromana Cricket Club), of relatively poor quality, can be seen on page 9 of the Standard of 28-2-1946. George's police work involved smart work to prevent burglars escaping and a search on the bay for three fishermen in 1944, a search for a 22 month old boy and a murder in 1948, bravely disarming an armed shooter in 1950 at Clondrisse Station, the discovery of human bones and battling a huge fire near Red Hill in 1951, and Shirley Collins' murder at Mt Martha in 1953. George and his colleague received the Police Valour Medal for the incident at Clondrisse. (P.3, Argus, 3-10-1951, with a much better photo of George!)

A record of his public service is available on trove. For example:

SHIRE OF FLINDERS' REPATRIATION COMMITTEE. At a public meeting, held in the Memorial Hall, Dromana for the purpose of forming the Dromana Advisory Committee, the following were elected:- Messrs. G. W. Brown, G.A. Bishop, C. C. Copp, A. Flockhart, C. Hickman, A. F. Johnson. (acting secretary),,W.Miller, J. Pettigrew, G. Osborne, W. Lardner; H. H. Strickland; E. Rudduck, and R. Moorehead. The committee will appoint four representatives nominated by the group committees. (P.3, Standard, Frankston, 14-9-1944.)

DROMANA DROMANA VICTORY CELEBRATIONS. Huge Success Likely. Mr. George Bishop, honorary organiser, reported on Tuesday that the stage was set for the holding of the monster celebrations and welcome home at Dromana on Friday.etc.(P.6, Standard, 28-3-1946.)

DROMANA DROMANA FORESHORE The secretary of the Flinders Shire (Mr. H. H. Strickland) presided over a public meeting held at Dromana for the purpose of electing a committee of management for the Dromana Foreshore Reserve. The president of the shire (Cr. W. G. Hiscock) was unable to preside because of illness. Many people attended the meeting, at which there was considerable discussion. A certain amount of criticism was levelled at the old committee by some people present. The election resulted in the following persons being chosen to represent the Trust for a period of three years: Messrs. Sam. Wilson, D. Shaw, B. Andrew, J. Ross, W. Lardner, H. Trivett, G. Bishop and B. Hewitt. (P.6, Standard, 1-8-1946.)

POSTSCRIPT. 28-3-2014.
Beside the approach to the Dromana Pier are the George Bishop Reserve to the west and and Ernest Rudduck Square to the east. Colin McLear mentioned the latter in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and it was years before I discovered its location by pure chance. Both men were obviously great community contributors but apparently they were also both Shire of Flinders councillors although the LIME LAND LEISURE index on the internet does not mention this, and the heroic George Bishop was not in the index at all.

Therefore I was surprised to find that Dromana Secondary College exists because of George Bishop's persistence. As one of the aims of my research is to acknowledge our pioneers, I often google one of them just to check that I have succeeded. My internet research is usually done from trove (old newspapers)so I hadn't seen this before.

History and Tradition - Dromana Secondary College
Dromana Technical School 1967-1988
Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007

Dromana Technical School 1967-1988 Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007
Albeit minimal in numbers settlement commenced in the district as early as 1838. It would take until February 1861 before Dromana was proclaimed a township. Only thirteen years later in 1874 primary education began with the establishment of the Dromana State School No184, but it would take another 93 years before secondary education in Dromana commenced.

Cr George Bishop, a Flinders Shire Councillor and Policeman stationed at Dromana, having failed to get a Technical School in Mornington the year before, called a meeting at the Rosebud Memorial Hall in October 1966 for parents of prospective students. He reported to the large crowd in attendance that his tireless work had paid off and he had won the struggle to obtain a technical school at Dromana.

Cr Bishop believed that the time was right to open a technical school to compliment Rosebud High School, a co-educational secondary school that had commenced operation in 1954, and Red Hill Consolidated School which held classes from Prep to Form 4 (Year 10). Any boy however wanting a trade education had to catch a bus and those who resided on the Westernport side of the peninsula, a train to Frankston Technical School.

It was Cr Bishop's drive and enthusiasm and his no nonsense approach to the community that ensured the establishment of our school. At the time of the opening of the school (107 years after our town's humble beginnings) the population on the southern peninsula had reached a level where justification was in order for a permanent technical school for the district south of Frankston taking in the areas covered by the Shires of Flinders, Mornington, and Hastings.

FISHERMEN AND THEIR BOATS.
Here are some pioneers of Dromana that will never appear in any other history of Dromana. I was checking if George R.Cox had designed the original Dromana hotel when I found this grisly tale. I don't think Mary Cox was a relative of Commander Cox, surveyor,who bought 60 acres from the crown but somebody doing a COX family history might be wondering how she died at Dromana in 1867.

Shocking Death from Drink. â Mr Candler held an inquest at Dromana, on Friday, upon the body of a widow named Mary Cox, aged thirty-nine years. The deceased was living with a fisherman named James Martin, who left her at his hut last Monday morning when he went out to pursue his vocation. On his return, on the following day,he found her lying on tho floor drunk.Her dress, the bed-clothes and other things had caught fire and were smouldering. Assistance was procured, and the fire extinguished. She was found to be burnt on the arm and shoulders. Fisher procured a stretcher, and removed her to another house. She was then sensible and able to speak. On Wednesday she became violent and died during the day. Mr J. P. Lane made a post mortem examination, and found death to have resulted from congestion of the brain and other organs. There were no marks of violence upon the body, other than those described. Tho burns might have hastened her death, but it was very improbable that she would have lived had tho fire not occurred. The jury returned a verdict of death from congestion of the brain, brought on by excessive drinking. (P.5, The Age,20-5-1867.)

Dromana.-At this place there is a fine jetty, but no good shelter for boats. There are four men employed in the immediate vicinity as fishermen, who have two boats and one seine. The township is situated on a flat near an extensive sandy beach, but there are some fine sites in the neighbourhood of Arthur's Seat which will no doubt
attract the attention of the residents of Melbourne seeking a seaside residence.
(THE FISHERIES IN PORT PHILLIP BAY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 19 February 1875 p 6 Article)

continue-pier (rails pic from adod) and guest houses,regulations etc on history board

11 comment(s), latest 3 months, 1 week ago

HERITAGE WALK, ROSEBUD,VIC., AUST. (JUST STARTED.)

There is no museum in Rosebud but there is a virtual one on the internet, mainly consisting of photos, namely:
Rosebud - Rosebud, VIC - History Museum | Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/rosebudhistory

More great history of Rosebud can be found on Steve Burnham's website which can be accessed by googling VIN BURNHAM, ROSEBUD. Vin was slightly out with some of his assumptions and was unsure of The Swedish fisherman's surname.Tony Durham was the grandfather, not father, of Judith Durham. Her father was William Cock, winner of the D.F.C. in W.W.2, who was serving overseas when Judith Mavis Cock was born in 1943. Judith's great grandmother, Emily, married a Greek fisherman, Tony's father, and later married Mr Durham. Emily's sister, Elizabeth married Fort Lacco, whose Rosebud Fishing Village block Emily occupied for decades. The Swede who took over Chatfield's fishing licence at Rosebud West was Axel Vincent. Steve has many photos on the website such as Hindhope (Holiday) Park on the Rosebud Plaza site with the Burnhams' fish shop across McCombe (sic) St, and the original footy ground on the foreshore.

Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD also has many great photos. Peter was the grandson of Walter Burnham, whose house on the foreshore became the Sunday School at St Katherine's McCrae.
Our churches - The Anglican Parish of All Saints Rosebud ...
www.rosebudmccrae.melbourneanglican.org.au/our-churches.html
St. Katherine's Church McCrae ... The cottage was relocated from the foreshore, opposite Boneo Road, and was bought from Mr Burnham for 400 pounds early ..


The first history of Rosebud was written by Isabel Moresby whose husband was descended from Captain Moresby who named Port Moresby in New Guinea.
Rosebud wins a name!!
"ROSEBUD, FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA," by Isobelle Moresby. 2/6 at booksellers and newsagents.
A SHIPWRECK isn't always complete disaster. Had a schooner, prettily named, not been wrecked nearby, between 1844 and '45, (SIC, IN 1855) Rosebud not only might have lacked a romantic history, it might have been called Wooloowoolooboolook, the natives' title for their camp site behind.

Rosebud was owned by Edward and Edmund Hobson, who came to Melbourne in 1820, (SIC) and Luttrell Bros. (THEN JAMES PURVES who insured her for 700 pounds!) She traded to New Zealand, Tasmania, and as far afield as the Swan,in Western Australia, in 1838.The wreck was one of the sights of the bayside for years, her planks made fishermen's huts and fences, and housewives delighted in her salvaged damask.

A later wreck, a Peruvian barque carrying Greeks and Austrians, at the same spot, provided from her castaways some of Rosebud's early settlers. All this and plenty more of local and tourist interest Mrs. Isobelle
Moresby tells you in her brochure, "Rosebud,Flower of the Peninsula," a welcome addition to the library of little neighborhood histories.
-IRWIN MOORE (P.15,Argus,8-1-1955.)



FOR EASE OF PARKING,EVEN AT THE HEIGHT OF THE TOURIST SEASON,THE WALK STARTS ON THE FORESHORE OPPOSITE MCDONALDS. ENTER THE MIDDLE PARKING VIA THE FIFTH OR FOURTH AVENUE BREAKS IN THE MEDIAN STRIP. CLOCKWISE COURSE.

1. ROADS AND DRAINAGE; PUBLIC FACILITIES.
The Kangerong Road Board was established in late 1863 to do something about the roads, reserved on the Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean parish maps, between Ellerina Rd and Portsea. Some of these reserved roads,such as Burrell Rd (the western boundary of Dromana Township) were never made because of steep terrain and Hiscock Rd, between the junction of Jetty/Old Cape Schanck Rds and Truemans Rd because it crossed the Tootgarook swamp. It was much easier to draw a road than make it! Roads had to cross creeks so bridges were required as well. Drainage was another matter that the road board had to spend its revenue on, not only because lack of it (blocked culverts etc) could ruin roads, but also disputes between landowners where water was diverted from a flooded paddock onto a neighbour's land, such as by Cr Henderson onto Watkins and Pidoto's land at Dromana circa 1880 and by Back Road Bob Cairns onto Robert Henry Adams at Rosebud in about 1905.

By 1869, most of the road boards formed at the same time as the Kangerong Board had built their own home, but for many decades, even after Kangerong merged with the Flinders board in 1874 to create the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, the municipality rented accommodation at the Dromana Hotel and later the Dromana Mechanics' Institute. Why? Lack of revenue!

Most of the ratepayers in what we call Rosebud lived in the Rosebud Fishing Village and ratebooks show that none of these paid rates until 1873, the first assessment after the Village was declared. The land across the beach road between Adams Avenue and Boneo Avenue, referred to as Wannaeue (the parish name)was owned at that time by five men with Cr William Ford owning the 660 acre Wannaeue Station between Ford's Lane (Eastbourne Rd) and the never-made Hiscock Rd beside the Drum Drum Alloc Creek.

Farm land had a very low nett annual value which would almost double if even the most basic house was built on it. Because of bad roads and distance from markets, farming was basically of the subsistence variety. Most farmers relied on off-farm income such as timber getting near Arthurs Seat,lime burning near Boneo Rd and farther west, employment on the big stations and road maintenance to garner enough money to buy items they couldn't grow themselves-such as clothing, willow pattern crockery and horses,and of course to pay their rates.

Thus revenue was very low and most of it went to paying for roads, bridges and drainage. Services such as Melbourne residents came to expect, such as rubbish and sanitary collections were out of the question. Recreational facilities were completely out of the question! At Dromana, reserves were proclaimed near the Dromana Secondary College site (serving as one of the two racecourses) and on the Bowling Club (showgrounds)and Court/Information Centre (Soldiers' Memorial Park) sites; the other racecourse and the footy ground were behind the Dromana Hotel on two private 17 acre parcels owned by the Pidoto and hotel families.At Rye, cricket was played on Mrs Hill's paddock near the original post office, and on the foreshore where the Australia Day Celebrations are held according to the late Ray Cairns.

No privately owned land seemed to have been offered at Rosebud. The Rosebud public golf course land had been reserved for public recreation, as was a small block on the north side of Waterfall Gully Rd near the waterfall, but these were too far from Rosebud to be of much value. The shire could not afford to buy any land but land had been reserved on the foreshore for recreational purposes and council enthusiastically supported any requests from residents for the government to supply land for public facilities. The Mechanics'Institute site on crown allotment 15 of the fishing village was gazetted in 1874 but rapid development of Rosebud after W.W.2 saw the need for a bigger hall as well as a bowling green,yacht club and motor boat squadron. The carnival helped to pay for the soldiers' memorial hall.

Crown Land Sought At Rosebud.
Mr Galvin, Minister for Lands, was asked yesterday by a deputation from Rosebud and surrounding seaside centres for an acre of Crown land, close to the Rosebud Recreational Reserve, for the erection of public utilities, including a hall, library, and infant welfare centre.

He was opposed to the alienation of the people's land unless it could be proved that the use of the land by
the public would not be stopped, Mr Galvin said, however, he would inspect the area.
(P.2, Argus, 28-3-1946.)

BOWLING GREEN AT ROSEBUD
A notification was received by Flinders Shire from the Rosebud Foreshore Trust, that it desired to construct a bowling green on the foreshore. Cr. Wood said the approximate cost was £800 to £1000. The new green was essential and would improve Rosebud greatly. A Resolution was carried that,in the opinion of the Council,
there was nothing to prevent the Trust from establishing a green.(P.16,Standard,10-7-1947.)

2.VILLAGE GREEN.
The foreshore land west of the Rosebud Fishing Village was permanently reserved for Public Purposes, gazetted in 1923. This seems to have extended to the outlet of Chinaman's Creek which had originally entered the Bay opposite the Rosebud Hospital site until Ned Williams of "Eastbourne" cut the present channel.

The interrupted Cricket Grand Final.
The first camping at Rosebud was on the Clemengers' "Parkmore". The mansion was built in 1896 by Albert Holloway and accommodation was at first within the building before the Clemengers bought Parkmore in 1908.
SEASIDE -MANSION HOME paying guests,every comfort, fishing, shooting, bathing."Parkmore" Rosebud near Dromana.
(P.12,Argus, 11-2-1903.)

Robert Henry Adams' Hopetoun House (McCrae Car Wash site) offered similar accommodation.

Based on crown allotment 17 subdivision information, Parkmore was on 10 acres of grounds so there would have been plenty of room for campers.
ROSEBUD.-"PARKMORE," excellent TENT Accommodation, every convenience. Mrs.Clemenger, Central, 3138._Write for particulars.(P.23,Argus,22-10-1910.)

Because of the 1890's depression and its after-effects, and inadequate descriptions of properties, the shire of Flinders was almost bankrupt by 1912. Seeing Parkmore's success,the shire must have sought government approval for camping on the foreshore. The only problem would have been a lack of cleared areas to pitch tents.

SEASIDE CAMPS
Inquiries as to seaside camps come from "K.McD. (Clifton Hill) Camping in Mornington Shire is I understand, not encouraged, but Flinders shire, farther south, has no objection to campers, rather encourages them. There are good sites from Dromana on past Rosebud, to Portsea, and permission should be sought from the secretary of the shire or the local constable who supervises the camps. A small fee is charged, so that camps may be supervised and sanitary precautions imposed. (NOTES FOR BOYS. P.7,Argus,12-11-1918.)

The progress association would soon take care of that. You can't have trees on a sports ground!
There is marked evidence of progress in this line seaside resort on the eastern shores of the bay. An active progress association is helping considerably in the scheme of development, and much useful work will have been accomplished within the next year or two. Some of the ideas of practical value which will then have come into existence include a boat harbour for the shelter of yachts and fishing craft, the forming of an ornamental promenade running parallel with the foreshore, and the acquirement of a sports ground.
(P.11, Argus, 10-11-1927.)


ROSEBUD.
The final cricket match of the S.P.C. Association, between Dromana and Red Hill, being played on the Rosebud Recreation Oval, has reached a most interesting stage. It now looks as if Red Hill may win the premiership. The game was well patronised by the public, again showing how popular cricket is down this end of the Peninsula, although the only admission fee asked for has been a silver coin to cover expenses, just on £35 has gone into the funds of the S.P.C.A. for the semi-final and final played at Rosebud. The ground was in perfect order. Scores-Dromana, 2nd innings, all out, 196; Red Hill, 2nd Innings, 1 for 91. This leaves Red Hill about 63 runs to win. On account of next Saturday being Easter Saturday, no play will take place on that day.
The local football club is rather anxious to see the end of the cricket match at Rosebud as they cannot get full use of the oval on account of the cricket pitch not being able to be covered. (P.6, Standard, 17-4-1946.)

Just in case you thought the game wasn't continued on Easter Saturday because of religious reasons, I'd better add this.
As the Oval at Rosebud will not be available on Easter Saturday, play will not be resumed until April 27.
Red Hill correspondent (same page,same paper.)

ROSEBUD FORESHORE COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT.
Rosebud residents asked the shire to transfer control of the foreshore to a local committee (article probably in my shire of Flinders journal)which was first mentioned in 1944.
ROSEBUD FORESHORE COMMITTEE .
The following is the audited statement of receipts and expenditure for the Rosebud Foreshore Trust for the
year ending 30/6/44:
Receipts: Balance at 1/7/43, £21516/2; fees, camping, £1434/3/; bathing boxes and boat houses, £190/4/3;
recreation ground, £14/14/; tennis court, £91/16/; -residential, £10; sale of bathing box, £1/10/; sale of
firewood, £10/5/; deposit firewood,£10; total, £1978/8/5.,
Expenditure: Permanent works conveniences, water, etc., £601/5/; maintenance materials, £70/5/10; salaries and.wages, £300/7/5; lighting, £45/14/; sanitary and garbage,.£117/4/6; loan redemption, £1431/6; water rates, £36/12/6; printing and stationary, £4/10/7; petty cash,£7; insurance, £4/19/6; bank charges, £2/4/9; miscellaneous, £211/6; . balance, £433/11/4; total,£ 1978/8/5. (P.2, Standard, 7-9-1944.)


It is likely that foreshore camping had first been on the footy ground but the ground was most likely reserved for sporting use by the campers in 1946, rather than being full of tents as I initially thought. The public works department was doing its part in spreading the campers out.

ROSEBUD.
ROSEBUD FORESHORE.
The Public Works Department is now carrying out certain works on the foreshore. The Foreshore Committee has found £500 towards these Works. They consist of lavatories containing the usual conveniences, showers and wash basins, laundry blocks, fire places and office buildings. Cement (colored amber), bricks on granite stone is the material used, and give quite an imposing appearance. The laundry blocks, of which one is nearing completion, are of doubtful blessing, and are, in fact,not favored by the committee, but the Tourist Bureau is warm about them. Why the committee is dubious is the possibility of destruction of timber for firewood. As it is, the danger of extensive destruction to the existing timber, through the campers, has to be most carefully guarded against. The erection of two lavatories ,between the township and McCrae should spread the campers, also another is to be erected some 200 yards west of Boneo Road.

The next, and just as urgent, need is for the local butcher to institute a better method of meat distribution.
To force campers spread over three miles to congregate at one shop in Rosebud, at the same time refusing to
supply orders for the local inhabitants, is a matter that will require the attention of the committee and the
two councillors. (P.5, Standard, 15-6-1944.)

Scout Hall dressing rooms.
I have been told that the scout hall was originally the change room for the footballers.

Footy 1929-two blues.
Photos in the Olympic Park clubrooms show that Rosebud's first footy team, in 1929, wore the present jumper modelled on the Carlton jumper,the suggestion of fisherman Tom Alderson, an enthusiastic supporter of the Blues. Shortly afterwards,apparently just for one season,the club wore a jumper with dark blue at the top and light blue on the bottom. This was the result of old Mr Dark complaining that the Rosebud players were too hard to see in the last quarter. The photo showing this jumper is in black and white but match reports refer to Rosebud as the Two Blues.

Road widening. Pt Nepean Rd was widened in 1963*. The foreshore ground was so reduced in size that the football and cricket clubs had to move to the new ground at Olympic Park. An aerial photo of the foreshore ground is on Steve Burham's website.
(*rosebud activity centre urban design framework august 2012
www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/.../Rosebud_Activity_Centre_Urban_Design_...)

3. ROSEBUD FISHING VILLAGE.


LOT 20, WEST SIDE OF DURHAM PLACE.
LACCO.âOn the 6th August passed peacefully
away at Rosebud, Elizabeth, wife of the
late Fort Lacco, beloved mother of Mary, John
(deceased), Christie (deceased), Annie, Emily,
Mitchell, Margaret, grandmother of Bobby,
Lucy, Edna, Kenneth, Harold, Alick, George,
and Gwen, great-grandmother of Douglas aged
[?] years, a colonist of 77 years. âAt rest.

LACCO.âOn the 6th August, passed peace-
fully away, at Rosebud, Elizabeth Lacco, dearly
loved sister of Emily, Ellen, Clara and the
late William King. âPeace, perfect peace. (P.1, Argus,7-8-1934.)

LOCCO Fort married Elizabeth KING 1872
Journal by tonkin

Groom: Fort LACCO.
Birth place: Given as Greece.

Bride: Elizabeth KING.
Birth place: Given as London.

Year married: 1872.
Place: Victoria, Australia.

Marriage note.
LACCO recorded VMI under TELO.
I have used the correct spelling for this family record.

Fort died 1915 in Dromona, Victoria.
Age: 72 years.
Parents named as John LACCO and Mary COMEO.

Elizabeth died 1934 in Dromona, Victoria.
Age: 79 years.
Father named as John KING. Mother unknown.

Seven children located Victorian records for Fort and Elizabeth.
Fort also recorded as Forte.

[1]

Mary Helen LACCO.
Born: 1874 Dromana, Victoria.
Birth recorded under LAVCO.
Died: 1952 Williamstown, Victoria.
Death recorded as Mary Ellen LACCO.
Age: 79 years.

[2]

John William LACCO.
Born: 1875 Sandringham, Victoria.
Birth recorded under LAOCO.
Died: 1875 Sandringham, Victoria.
Death recorded as John William LAOCO.
Age: 10 weeks.

[3]

Christi LACCO
Born: 1876 Dromana, Victoria.
Birth recorded under LAOCO.
Died: 1880 not recored, Victoria.
Death recorded as Christa LAOCO.
Age: 03 years.

[4]

Annie Athena LACCO.
Born: 1879 Queenscliff, Victoria.
Died: 1967 Mentone, Victoria.
Age: 88 years.

Married: James George ELLIS.
Year: 1901.
Place: Victoria.

James died 1961, Williamstown, Victoria.
Age: 83 years.
Parents named as James ELLIS and unknown HOOPER.

Birth note.
James was born 18 November 1877 in Adelaide, South Australia.
Parents named as James ELLIS and Emma HOOPER.

Two children located for James and Annie.

1.
Clara Emma ELLIS.
Born: 1902 Carlton, Victoria.
Died: -

Married: Ronald Charles ELLIS.
Year: 1925.
Place: Victoria.

2.
Grace Evelyn ELLIS.
Born: 1904 Dromona, Victoria.
Died: 1911 Clifton Hill, Victoria.
Age: 08 years.

[5]

Emily Christina LACCO.
Born: 1880 Dromona, Victoria.
Died: 1947 Mont Albert, Victoria.
Age: 64 years.

Married: Henry Ernest ELLIS.
Year: 1909.
Place: Victoria.

Birth note.
Henry was born 28 December 1879 in Goodwood, South Australia.
Parents named as James ELLIS and Emma COOPER.

[6]

Patrick Mitchell LACCO.
Born: 1883 Carlton, Victoria.
Died: 1974 Dromona, Victoria.
Age: 74 years.

Married: Lucy Marie WICKHAM.
Year: 1907.
Place: Victoria.

Lucy died 1947, Dromona, Victoria.
Age: 63 years.
Parents named as John WICKHAM and Mary Ann KING.

Birth note.
Lucy was born 12 April 1884 in Queensland.
Parents named as John WICKHAM and Mary Ann KING.

Six children located for Patrick and Lucy.

1.
Lucy Marie LACCO.
Born: 1909 Sandringham, Victoria.
Died: -

Married: William Alfred HURST.
Year: 1939.
Place: Victoria.

2.
Edna May LACCO.
Born: 1910 Dromona, Victoria.
Died: 1971 Rosebud, Victoria.
Age: 61 years.

Married: Adam Edward DUNK.
Year: 1934.
Place: Victoria.

3.
Kenneth Mitchell LACCO.
Born: 1914 Dromona, Victoria.
Died: -

Married: Betty McMaster HARDY.
Year: 1936.
Place: Victoria.

4.
Harold LACCO.
Born: 1917 Queenscliff, Victoria.
Died: -

Married: Eileen May Miller DEAN.
Year: 1942.
Place: Victoria.

5.
Alexander LACCO.
Born: 1919 Queenscliff, Victoria.
Died: 1978 Mornington, Victoria.
Age: 59 years.

6.
George LACCO.
Born: circa 1922.
Died: 1983 Mornington, Victoria.
Age: 61 years.

Married: Mary Jean ELLIOTT.
Year: 1942.
Place: Victoria.

[7]

Margaret Elizabeth LACCO.
Born: 1886 Carlton, Victoria.
Died: 1968 East Melbourne, Victoria.
Age: 83 years.

Married: Walter STOREY.
Year: 1910.
Place: Victoria.

Walter died 1957 in Dromona, Victoria.
Age: 68 years.
Parents named as Henry STOREY and Ellen KING.

Birth note.
Walter was born 1889 in Collingwood, Victoria.
Parents named as Henry STOREY and Ellen KING.

One child located for Walter and Margaret.

1.
Gwendoline Betsworth STOREY.
Born: 1915 Dromona, Victoria.
Died: -

Sources:
Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Victoria.
Registry of Births, Queensland.
Registry of Births, South Australia.

Updated 09 August 2014.
With my thanks to itellya for the information appearing in the comments section below.

JN 54192
Surnames: 54192 COMEO DEAN DUNK ELLIOTT ELLIS HARDY HOOPER HURST KING LACCO LAOCO LAVCO STOREY TELO WICKHAM
Viewed: 1196 times

by tonkin
on 2013-03-18 03:33:39
TONKIN lives in Victoria, Australia.
Please note.
Journals are intended to assist new researchers locate family lines in Australia and should only be used as a guide for follow up research and record searches as intended.
Due to spelling and informant errors appearing in the records, typo errors and my misreading of the records mistakes must be expected. Errors will be corrected when detected.


Comments
by itellya on 2014-08-08 00:01:48
While trying unsuccessfully to find the correct spelling of the surname of the first husband of Emily Durham (nee King), I came across this website which gives details of the marriage of Emily's sister Elizabeth. See bold type below.Given the varied spelling of Lacco below,it is not surprising to see such wildly different versions of Tony Durham's original surname. (Tony's surname was given as Paniocta in Emily's death notice while her other two sons were recorded as Durhams.)

RootsWeb: GENANZ-L Re: A lookup please on the Vic Cd's
archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com GENANZ 1999-10

Children
Annie LACCO to Fort LACCO and Elizabeth KING at Quee Vic Yr 1879 / 4775
Emily Christina to Fort LACCO and Eliz H KING at Dromana Vic yr 1880 /
15122
Margaret Elizabeth to Fort LACCO and Elizabeth KING Carlton Vic Yr 1886 /
24538
Patrick Mitchell to Fort LACCOand Elizabeth KING Carlton Vic yr 1883 /
7534
Christi LAOCO to Fort LAOCO and Elizabeth KING at Dromana yr 1876 / 22460
John William LAOCO to Forte LAOCO & Elizabeth KING at Sand. Vic yr 1875 /
19331

Marriage
Fort LACCO to Elizabeth KING Victoria 1872 / 1453R

Death
Christa LAOCO age 8 birthplace unknown year1880 / 3983
John William LAOCO Sandringham Vic Year 1875 / 15109

Hope this helps. Info. from AVR
by tonkin on 2014-08-09 02:50:38
Thank you itellya, I appreciate you taking the time to pass on the above details. Did a few searches today and located the marriage for Fort and Elizabeth. Fort was recorded under TELO which explains why I did not locate the marriage. Also located the missing children recorded under different spellings. The family record has now been updated. Hope it helps other LACCO researchers. Cheers.

THE OLD WHALER.

THE CONVICT'S KIDS.

THE LORD MAYOR OF MELBOURNE.

THE HERO OF THE LA BELLA WRECK AND THE TREE PLANTED IN HIS HONOUR. william and mitch move to queencliff and mitch's mum minds the ferrier kids. was this when sorrento poached rosebud's star,ken lacco?





PARKMORE.(CROWN ALLOTMENT 17 SUBDIVISION MAP. ISAAC WHITE AND CAPTAIN ADAMS.)

MITCH LACCO STATUE rosebud's ship building industry??? {heritage study). WOODEN BOATS SITE.

CNR JETTY RD (WANNAEUE MAP 20-14.ROBERT WHITE (Blooming Bob) AND LOT (86?)-JACK JONES& LEAK BROTHERS. WOOLCOTT'S (PEATEY,McDOWELL, SCHOOL.)

SCHOOL.

EDNA DUNK MEMORIAL CLOCK

FORMERLY ON SAFEWAY CAR PARK SITE.(PRES. CHURCH BUILT IN A DAY,patterson's garage)



other wooden statues

DAIRY.

BROADWAY THEATRE.
When viewing the holiday food-buying queues, wrote one observer, it was hard to believe that
Rosebud had once been a tiny sleepy hamlet. In December 1928 the new Broadway Theatre
was opened at Rosebud as a Picture and Dance Palais. The building was designed by H Vivian
Taylor and Soilleux. This firm of architects and acoustic consultants were notable picture
theatre designers of the period. (PAGE 165
MORNINGTON PENINSULA SHIRE HERITAGE REVIEW ...
www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/.../Volume_1_Themoatic_History_for_Whole...)

ROSEBUD HOTEL.
Wooden Statue.

BACHLI.
In 1937,Doug Bachli's father was offering accommodation in Canberra.
Canberra. BRASSEY HOUSE -All mod. convs. H. and C.water all rooms Tariff £3/3/, 12/ day.J.P. BACHLI Proprietor Tel B13. (P.31, Argus, 23-10-1937.) He seems to have moved there from the Shepparton area where he ran the Victoria Hotel.

TENDERS are invited until 1st September for Painting and Paper hanging at Victoria Hotel, Shepparton.
Specifications may be inspected at the Hotel. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
J. P. BACHLI.(P.4, Shepparton Advertiser, 27-8-1932.)

Mr. and Mrs. P. Bachli who are living in Canberra now, revisited friends in Shepparton yesterday.
(P.4, Shepparton Advertiser, 9-7-1937.)

Doug was already a good golfer by 1938 when he was second,by three strokes in Canberra's Federal Cup.

If my memory serves me correctly, Peter Wilson said in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD that the Rosebud Hotel opened in 1941 so Doug's father, who obviously preferred his second given name, must have been the first licensee. Being able to indulge his love of the Sport of Kings may have been the clincher in bringing the family to Rosebud,but having the footy ground directly across the road from the pub for Doug to practise his golf would have been another powerful argument.

HOTEL ROSEBUD.-First class accommodation. H. and C. water bedrooms. Phil Bachli. licensee.
(P.11,Argus,16-4-1941.)

THEIR CUP WAS FULL.
Celebrations at Patron Park Stud, Rosebud, on Saturday, had nothing to do with Peshawar. Caulfield Cup day just
happens to be a pretty good day for the stud. For instance, the brood mare Standsure had a filly foal by Carbon Copy on Saturday. The last foal she had was on Caulfield Cup day in 1948. Patron, the stud's sire, was presented with his first foal on Saturday and On Caulfield Cup day in 1948, Doug Bachli, owner of the stud, won the Australian amateur golf championship. -JIM SHANNON. (P.9, Argus,22-10-1952.)

IF DOUG BACHLI had not been a great golfer he might have been an Olympic swimmer or a champion footballer.
Not one of his family had ever been interested in golf. As a boy Doug lived in Sandringham, and it was not surprising that he became a swimmer. When he was only 12 he won a Victorian championship in record time at the Brunswick Baths.

The family later moved to Canberra, where Doug continued his swimming successes, which included records in the combined high schools of NSW and the junior and senior backstroke records at Canberra when aged 14 and 15.
In 1936 Doug shone at football. He was a member of the Canberra team that played in the Australian schoolboys' carnival in Adelaide, where he gained the honour of best and fairest player.

He started golf when he was 14, only because he had heard men talking at his home about the game. It was not long before he came home to tell his father that he had broken 100. "Dad said that he would have to see me in action," said Doug. "He then arranged for me to take lessons from Jim Tetterson, then, and still,professional at Royal Canberra. While I was still 14 I won the Canberra Cup with a handicap of 20, and with off-the-stick scores of 86 and 83. Next year I won it again, but then I was down to a handicap of nine, and had scores of 76, 76."

Doug returned to Victoria when 17, and joined Victoria and Sorrento clubs, playing pennant with Victoria
off scratch. Later he went out to plus 2. After winning various club titles with record figures, Doug entered for the Australian championship at Metropolitan last year, and, with a seven and six margin in the final, took the title. He and Bob Brown also won the Australian foursomes with a record 69 at the same course. The
Victorian championship followed, but Peter Thomson beat Doug in the final at Woodlands. Early this season Doug won the Sorrento open with a record 69-66, cracking the record that had been held for 10 years. He has not been
so conspicuous in recent months, being unable to practise because of the illness of his mother and father
at their hotel at Rosebud.
The next item is the Victorian title, to be played this month, and Doug is out to regain it. Still in the early 20's, he should be a power in the golf world for years. (P.5s, Argus,15-10-1949.)

BIG CHANCE IN BRITISH TITLE
By JACK DILLON
THERE is something exhilarating about a fellow who can step back and look at himself with the same unstinted pleasure he would display if his best friend was as worthy of commendation as he is himself. Such a one is Douglas Bachli, 32-year old refrigeration sales manager, former school star swimmer and footballer, who
today at Muirfield meets American "Big Bill" Campbell in the final of the British amateur golf championship.
I believe, despite the strong opponent, that Bachli has at least an even chance of bringing the title to
Australia for the first time.

Bachli won the Australian amateur championship in 1948, the Victorian title 1949, 1950 and 1953,the
Queensland championship 1948, the A.C.T. amateur title twice and dozens of open and club competitions. But
31-years-old "Big Bill" Campbell is a formidable opponent. He won the "world's" amateur championship at
Chicago 1948 and 1949 and was runner-up 1952. Thrice he has reached the British amateur sixth
round, and semi-finalist in the U.S. amateur of 1949 and in the past three Walker Cup internationals
has represented America against Britain.

There are no pawky inhibitions about Doug. He looks you fair in the face to talk or tell, and he loves talking
about the things he likes bestâwork, racing, football, swimming, his pals, his and their golf,and. of course.
Doug. As far as I know no one else in these parts has won as many trophies in golfâplus quite a few in other
parts. Like the human being he is, Doug is properly proud of that collection.

Before his father's death, when they had a hotel in Rosebud, there was a huge display case in the dining roomâand those rewards for play prowess were there for all to see. Among Doug's many friends is a prominent poster
artist. No difficulty was placed in his way when he sought to make a life-size painting of his friend. There's nothing of the exhibitionist about Doug. If there was he wouldn't have the army of admirers he has. But he is a realist and with equal ease can reel off his own plus and minus points with the facility he summarises his
latest round of golf. Bachli goes at his golf as he does for everything else, directly, cleanly, determinedly,
efficiently and without any trimmings of style, mannerisms or temperament. You cannot fault his shot-making
methods in detail or over-all, for they are quite orthodox.(etc.)(P.9, Sporting Globe, 29-5-1954.)

Phil's father, William, died in Canberra in 1938.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 5 April 1938 p 10 Family Notices
BACHLI.âOn the 3rd April, 1938, at Canberra, late of Dundas place, Albert Park, William, relict of the late Agnes Bachli, and loved father of Alfred, Violet (Mrs. H. H.Hoare), Phillip (Sib), and Adolph (Deed), aged 80 years. -R.I.P.

FROM COUNTLESS ARTICLES READ BUT, IN MOST CASES, NOT COPIED.
After his father's death, Doug sold the hotel and stud. When the stud was being established Doug was rarely on a golf course* which made his progress even more remarkable; perhaps he kept in form on the footy ground a stab kick away from the Rosebud Hotel.Phil transferred the licence for the Rosebud hotel to the Bakers only months before his death. When he beat Campbell for the British Amateur title, he was a refrigeration sales manager but by 1956 he had returned to hotel-keeping. His wife, Dorothy, was from Camberwell and three years after they wed she was still only 5 minutes by train (on the Lilydale line)from her old home. I believe Frank Bachli of Ararat circa 1916 was William Bachli's brother. I couldn't re-find the article but I think Frank called one of his sons "Deed" as well, as did a K.Bacchli later; what a strange pet name!

(*Also when Phil became ill.
Bachli, who has been working on his father's stud farm this year, was playing only his fourth competitive
round for the season,(but was equal leader with Peter Thompson on 68 strokes.)P.10,Argus,5-10-1951.

Mr. DOUGLAS WILLIAM BACHLI, former Australian Amateur Golf Champion, and Mrs.Bachli (above), at the reception last night after their marriage in Our Lady of Victories' Church, Camberwell. The bride, Dorothy May, younger daughter of the late Mr E.E.Wearne, and Mrs.Wearne, of East Camberwell, wore a white French embroidered organdie frock. (PHOTO. P.18, Argus,10-4-1953.)

APPLICATION for TRANSFER of LICENCE. - I, Michael McCarthy, the holder of a Victualler's licence for the Carlton Hotel,at Bourke street, Melbourne, in the Central Metropolitan Licensing Area, and I, Douglas William
Bachli, of 59 Warrigal road, Surrey Hills, hereby give notice that we will APPLY to the Victorian Licensing Court at Melbourne on Tuesday, the fifth day of June, 1956 for the TRANSFER of such LICENCE to the said Douglas William Bachli.
Dated the 18th day of May, 1956,M. MCCARTHY,D. W. BACHLI. ;
Mcinerney, Williams. & Curtain,90 Queen street. Melbourne, solicitors for the transferor.
(P.16, Argus, 19-5-1956.)

APPLICATION for TRANSFER of LICENCE - I John Phillip Bachli the holder of a Victualler's licence for Rosebud Hotel at Rosebud in the Mornington Licensing District and we Sydney Alfred Baker and Ethel May Baker both
of Continental Hotel Sorrento hereby give notice that we will APPLY to the Licensing Court at Melbourne on Monday the 12th day of May 1952 for the TRANSFER of the LICENCE to the said Sydney Alfred Baker on behalf
of himself and the said Ethel May Baker, trading as S.A. &, E. M.Baker.
Dated 2nd May 1952 J P BACHLI S A BAKER E BAKER
Messrs Luke Murphy &. Co 423 Bourke street Melbourne solicitors for the transferees.
(P.15, Argus, 3-5-1952.)

DEATHS
BACHLI, John Phillip-On September 24 at his home, Patron Park, Dromana, beloved husband of Edith Bachli, loved father of Doug.
BACHLI, John Phillip-On September 24 loved brother of Deed * and Alf and Violet (Mrs Hoare ).
(P.11, Argus, 25-9-1952.) (*Adolph.)

BIRTHS.
BACHLI âOn the 2nd April, at "Fortuna", 18 Dundas place, Albert Park, to Mr. and Mrs.Phil Bachli âa son (Douglas William).(P.13,Argus,22-4-1922.)

WHERE WAS PHIL AND DOUG BACHLI'S PATRON PARK STUD?
The stud,variously described as being at Rosebud and at Dromana, was sold to the Doody family (rendered as Doodie in one article but confirmed as being Doody by stud and racing articles.) This family also had a stud at Diggers Rest. A Doody descendant and Doug's son,Paul*,may be able to help me establish the exact location of the stud but it has been found that the stud was in Harrison Rd, Dromana. It was sold, probably by the Doody family, in 1964, and consisted of lot 1,(36 acres 3 roods 33 perches,with 10 paddocks,stabling, a delightful 6 roomed house and, probably for the trainer,Dell, a self-contained 3 roomed flat and lot 2 (vacant land, 12 acres divided into four paddocks but also with reticulated State Rivers water.)

Full text of the advertisement (below) will be given in a new journal: DOUGLAS WILLIAM BACHLI'S PATRON PARK STUD IN DROMANA,VIC., AUST.
("patron Park" .Harbison .Road Dromana Stud .Farm, Freehold.
news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1300&dat=19640610&id...)

*Paul is mentioned in the following which has a great photo of Doug with his British Amateur trophy in 1954.
pdf 525kB - Golf Society of Australia
golfsocietyaust.com/pdf/LongGameNo10-Mar2000.pdf
Mar 10, 2000 - Douglas Bachli MBE with the 1954 ... 13th November Doug Bachli Trophy and AGM at ..... Vale - Douglas William Bachli - (1922 - 2000).

POSTSCRIPT. The homestead area of the Patron Park Stud,including the stables, is now the five acre 59 Harrisons Rd, Dromana. See details in my journal:
DOUGLAS WILLIAM BACHLI'S PATRON PARK STUD AT DROMANA,VIC., AUST.
by itellya on 2015-04-19 01:38:37. page views: 92, comments: 0

My thanks to Doug Bachli's youngest son,Paul for supplying the vital clues.

ALDI SITE: OUR LADY OF FATIMA.
NEW CHURCH AT ROSEBUD
Erection of a new church at Rosebudâin the Sorrento parishâcommenced this week. It is being built to provide for the growing holiday population which concentrates at this favourite seaside resort during vacation periods. A strong committee has been working for some considerable time to raise funds for the project which is to be undertaken by a local architect and builder. Up to now Mass on Sundays has been celebrated in the Mechanics' Hall. (P.23, Advocate,22-10-1953.)

CONCERT TO AID NEW CHURCH AT ROSEBUD
To aid in the building of a new church at Rosebud, a variety concert, compered by Dick Cranbourne,of 3DB, will be held in the Philip Ballroom, Rosebud, on Sunday, 6 September, at 2.30 p.m.(P.19,Advocate,27-8-1953.)

Our Lady of Fatima Church, Rosebud
Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 - 1954) Thursday 26 November 1953 p 14 Article Illustrated
... Our Lady of Fatima Church, Rosebud This is an architect's design of the new church of Our Lady of ... Faiima which is in course of erection at Rosebud to meet the needs of the hundreds of holidaymakers who


SOUTH CORNER OF BONEO RD AND McCOMB* ST.(*I'm sic and tired of pointing out the wrong spelling!)
See photo of Hindhope Park billboard and Burnham fish shop on the original RED ROOSTER site on the ROSEBUD MUSEUM website mentioned at the start of the journal.
This photo and the Hindhope Park interior photo to go on the history board along with a map of Hindhope, The Thicket and the Wannaeue Estate transposed on Melway.

HIGH SCHOOL.
New school for Rosebud by 1953?
Plans for an ultra-modern multi - purpose secondary school at Rosebud will be approved by the Education Department within two weeks. Mr. Inchbold, Education Minister, said this yesterday.
He was hearing a deputation from Flinders Shire and Mornington Peninsula State schools.The deputation said that the Government had bought a 14 acre site for the school in 1944, but nothing had been done.Mr. Inchbold said the proposed new school should be finished by January, 1953.It would have 38 classrooms to accommodate 400 children, and would cater for all branches of high, technical, and commercial education.(P.7,Argus, 21-7-1950.)
ROSEBUD SECONDARY CELEBRATED ITS 60TH ANNIVERSARY ON 21-3-2015.

LOTUS LODGE.
STATE BUYS "MOTEL" FOR AGED
Seaside village will be home of 250 old Victorians
VICTORIA'S first self-contained community settlement for the aged will be established at Rosebud; the first of 250 tenants will probably move in in July.

The settlement will be at Lotus Lodge, an ultra-modern "motel," which the State Government has bought for £61,000.This completely new approach to the problem of housing the aged was announced last night by Mr.Fulton, Health Minister. He said Lotus Lodge would provide accommodation in two-room flats and bungalows.A set scale of fees would be charged. At first the accommodation would be self-contained, allowing all residents to have an independent existence. Ultimately central services would probably be available, but accommodation would still be independent.
No delay
Mr. Fulton said that the Hospitals and Charities Commission had assured him that there would be no delay in opening the settlement, which should be largely self-supporting.Mr. Fulton added: "This marks the beginning of a new era for the aged. "I am sure it will be welcomed by all members of the community."

Lotus Lodge is on about 21 acres of land with a frontage to the Nepean Highway, on the Sorrento side of Rosebud. The sale, which is on a walk-out, walk-in basis, was made on account of Mr. A. E. Stanton by
E Jacobs and Lowe, of Mornington.

Prefab, hospital
A second State Government project for Rosebud is a pre-fabricated hospital that it will build at Rosebud to serve the Mornington Peninsula. Mr. Fulton said last night that the hospital would have 20 beds at first, and should be completed within three years. It would be made of trussed steel and concrete, and would be imported in sections from Britain. The hospital would be built on eight acres at present owned by the Alfred Hospital.
As it was within a few yards of Lotus Lodge it would cater for residents at the old-age settlement.
(P.3, Argus, 21-4-1951.)

3 comment(s), latest 3 months, 1 week ago

HERO WEEK, NOVEMBER 2015- A WORKSHEET FOR SCHOOLS IN VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. (WILLIAM FERRIER.)

FOR THE TEACHERS.
It will be the 110th anniversary in November, 2015, of William John Ferrier's heroic rescues of crewmen from the La Bella at Warrnambool. Ferrier became an OVERNIGHT NATIONAL HERO with tributes being sent by the Governor General and the Federal Parliament,the Governor and Premier of Victoria, several interstate organisations and even the King.There were hundreds of articles in newspapers all over Australia in 1905 and again when Ferrier died at Queenscliff in 1937. William John Ferrier was a resident of Warrnambool, Rosebud and Queenscliff and I have proposed a joint celebration of his heroic deed in those three places. Schools, councils,historical societies and newspapers in each area have been contacted and most have been keen but not one response has yet been received from a school.

This lack of response is probably because Principals are so busy and the curriculum is so crowded. History is no longer a subject. However the Dromana Primary School had its pupils very excited about the threatened Dromana Pier, so history projects can be done. Now, not all schools might share Dromana's enthusiasm, but their pupils do not have to miss out on celebrating Ferrier's heroism entirely. That's why I am producing this worksheet. Through literacy activities,the children can gain and pass on civic pride and appreciation of heritage as they learn about one of Australia's greatest peacetime heroes.


FOR THE CHILDREN.

WILLIAM JOHN FERRIER.
From 10:30 p.m. on 10 November, 1905 until daybreak the next morning, a young Warrnambool fisherman suffered terrible agony. He had a poisoned arm and even children know the pain caused by a splinter or rose thorn in a finger or thumb, so you could imagine how much more a poisoned arm would hurt. And yet he managed to become a national hero! Until just before your parents went to school, children only had two things to read in class,the grade reader and the monthly schoolpaper. The Education Department thought that William John Ferrier was so important that the story of his rescue was included in the Schoolpaper in 1907.


ORIGINAL VERSES.
A MODERN HERO.
Off Warrnambool on the night of November the 10th, 1905, occurred a pitiful tragedy, calculated to evoke the sympathy of the whole Commonwealth. The barquentine La Bella struck the reef, half a mile from the breakwater, and soon became a total wreck. Out of a crew of eleven men and a boy, only five men were saved. Sombre as is the cloud of grief overhanging the dismal catastrophe, that cloud has its silver lining. The redeeming feature consists more particularly of the self sacrificing bravery of the young fisherman, William Ferrier, which is depicted and commented upon in the following poem from the pen of Mr. S. H. Remfry,of Heywood, retired State school teacher. It will be noticed that the poem takes up the story at that point where our hero puts off in the dinghy by himself:
1.
Young William Ferrier, fisherman,
Into his dinghy flew,
And vig'rous sculled his little craft,
To save the hapless crew.
2.
The pilot, deeming it unsafe
The breakers to defy,
Two hundred yards' space from the wreck
Held off, and there stood by.
3.
One hundred yards, the distance now,
Two men leap off the deck,
And through the seething waters swim
For the lifeboat, from the wreck.
4.
That moment William Ferrier
His efforts did renew.
Quick flies his dinghy right ahead
And saves one of those two!
5.
By dint of dext'rous seamanship,
Presence of mind as well,
His boat around he quickly turns,
And saves it from the swell.
6.
In recognition of his pluck
And noble self-denial,
The admiring crowd upon the shore
Give lusty cheers the while!
7.
And hearty cheers again are heard,
When, in the waters calm,
They see his guernsey, taken off,
Put on the rescued man!
8.
The other man the lifeboat saves,
And yet another one.
Brave Ferrier outward plies again,
His work is not yet done.
9.
Two men are yet upon the wreck.
The billows milder heave;
The lifeboat makes a slight advance,
And waits to see them leave.
10.
To give these men the pluck to leap,
The wreck the lifeboat nears;
And Ferrier now the captain lands
Amidst vociferous cheers!
11.
One of the two remaining men
Has jumped into the waves,
And after swimming eighty yards,
This man the lifeboat saves.
12.
Young Ferrier's off again.
The lifeboat, scarce advancing now,
Does near the wreck remain.
The captain safe upon the land.
13.
The last man, is afraid to quit
His station perilous;
Though surging seas diminish now,
Delay is dangerous!
14.
The lifeboat throws the man a line;
The rope by him is caught.
But still he fails to leave the wreck;
The line avails him naught!
15.
In rope entangled, he is "done!"
Oh! saved, how can he be?
Lo! Ferrier's at the vessel's stern-
He cuts the prisoner free!
16.
Into the boat the sailor drops,
Our hero sculls away;
The man's soon in the lifeboat safe,
The waves robbed of their prey!
17.
A ringing cheer his triumph greets;
This last trip now complete,
Cheers upon cheers burst from the crowd,
Their hearts with joy replete!
18.
The efforts of this gallant man,
For those poor sailors' sake,
The noblest feelings must excite,
His fellows nobler make!
19.
Whilst many daily hurry men
To a dishonored grave,
All honor be to such as he,
Who mankind nobly save!
20.
Not for applause of fellow men,
Did he this loving deed,
Though this, and e'en emolument!
Full well may be his meed!
21.
Long life to his and heroes all,
By noblest impulse stirred;
They emulate The Christ Himself;
In Heav'n, their praise be heard;
22.
God grant that he never wrecked may be,
But his life 's voyage o'er,
The Heav'nly Pilot may conduct
Him to the golden shore.
(P.3, Portland Guardian,11-12-1905.)

FIRST HALF HOUR LESSON.
CLASS ACTIVITIES. (Memorising the poem,rhyme and rhythm.)
1.Teacher reads the whole poem to the class. 2. Children are asked to find the pair of rhyming words in every verse. 3. The teacher reads the poem again but the class reads the last word of every verse. 4. The teacher, after explaining what syllables are, claps the rhythm of the first verse but stops suddenly and asks for the next word. 5.A volunteer is asked to clap the rhythm of the second verse, stop part of the way through and ask what the next word is. 6.Children are asked to find words, in the verses indicated, meaning: even(20),over (22). The teacher explains that e'er can mean before as well as ever. 7.Children are asked to think of a short sentence including before or ever,but using e'er instead; classmates put up one hand if it means ever and two hands if it means before. 8.Children are asked to find words written with an apostrophe and explain why (regarding syllables) the normal way of writing the word would not fit the rhythm. e.g. Heaven is two syllables but heav'n is only one syllable.
9.POETIC LICENCE. The teacher asks children if they can correct "He ran quick." Then the teacher gives more examples and the class corrects them together: e.g.Pat the cat gentle; Drive careful; We ate hungry. The teacher explains that poetic licence allows normal rules of grammar to be broken for a good reason in poetry. The children are asked to find an example in verse 1, what the correct adverb would be and why the adjective was used instead.
10.A child is asked to google "meed" and read out what it means. Children are asked if there are any other words that they don't understand and these are discussed.
11. Pairs of children are allocated two lines each so that serial reading of the poem can be done. As there are 44 segments,most pairs will get two segments to read. Rehearse quietly with your partner for one minute. Serial recitation. 12. The whole class reads the poem together, but slowly in time with the teacher.

SECOND LESSON.
The class reads the poem together. It is read a second time but children may volunteer to read an even-numbered verse on their own or with a partner.
COMPREHENSION AND VOCABULARY. (Children are allowed to discuss these with a partner or parent. Can be done at home.)
1.Which words in verse 1 both mean boat? 2.Which word in verse 2 has this meaning? [adjective(especially of a person) unfortunate. "the xxxxxxx victims of the disaster"; synonyms:unfortunate, unlucky, luckless, out of luck, ill-starred, ill-fated, jinxed, cursed, doomed.] 3. Which word in verse 2 means "a person duly qualified to steer ships into or out of a harbor or through certain difficult waters"? 4. Which word in verse 1 is an example of poetic licence, as well as abbreviation,turning four syllables into two? 5. Which word in verse 3 means angry or (of a liquid) boil or be turbulent as if boiling? 6. Dexterous (verse 5) and Sinister come from Latin words meaning right and left. A left-handed person was thought to be clumsy (and evil!) Which word do you think means skilful? 7. Find adjectives in verses 6, 7 and 10 that could be replaced with "loud".(They are all followed by the same noun.) 8. Was the rescued man in verse 7 dead, shivering or hearty? 9. Which line in verse 9 means the waves were not as rough? 10.Which rhyming adjectives in verse 13 both mean risky?


LESSON 3 (WHOLE CLASS.)
Each child is allocated a verse to read in a serial recitation with boys and girls alternating on the remaining verses. Whole class correction of lesson 2 answers.

Partner work on the following.
1. Which three consecutive words in verse 14 mean "does not help him at all"?
2. Verse 15 explains that the line was of no use because the man was t------.
3.Which words in verse 20 mean: (a)reward (b)a person's deserved share of praise, honour, etc.?

In groups of four,children help each other find rhyming pairs of words so that each can write a two line poem.
e.g. wave, brave; reef,belief; mountainous,dangerous; new ,rescue; brave,save; heck,wreck; etc. Each child's poem is typed by its author,printed and then illustrated by the author. These pages are then bound into a class book. Children may do more than one poem and try a four line poem if they wish or they could rewrite Mr Remfry's poem as a story.

Imagine the child with literacy problems, as a 90 year old,proudly showing his great-grandchild that poem he wrote in 2015:
It was risky, but what the heck,
Ferrier bravely sculled out to the wreck.

and telling the tale of a great Australian hero.

LESSON 4.
COMPUTER RESEARCH.
A trove search for "Ferrier, Warrnambool, 1905" or Ferrier,Queenscliff,1937" will reveal a host of articles in newspapers all over Australia paying tribute to its hero as well as photos. One photo,showing William Ferrier and survivors the day after the rescue, is fairly rare but can be seen online at:
Postcard Victorian Collections
victoriancollections.net.au/items/521606f819403a17c4ba1311

If you need guidance on using trove,private message me and I'll give you my phone number so I can talk you through it. I can also attach an image to an email showing ship paintings that William John Ferrier did on the bedroom wall of "Rosebud" in Beach St,Queenscliff. His paintings executed inside the South Channel Pile lighthouse can be found on:
William Ferrier Ship Paintings - Queenscliffe Maritime Museum
www.maritimequeenscliffe.org.au/SouthChannelPileLight_Web_23-04-2...

The children's parents may be inspired to read my journals which detail Ferrier family history but also mention many other heroic rescues performed by members of the Ferrier family near Warrnambool,Rosebud and Queenscliff.
Extensive detail about William John Ferrier is available in the following journals:
LEW FERRIER AND PAT HUTCHINS, PISCATORIAL PIONEERS NEAR THE HEADS (NOT FINISHED YET.), VIC., AUST.
AUSTRALIA-WIDE HERO IN 1905: William John Ferrier of Warrnambool, Queenscliff and Rosebud.
MELBOURNE BRINDLE, FERRIER, LACCO AND McLEAR SAVE ERNIE RUDDUCK'S LIFE, DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

HILL HILLIS, PIONEER OF RED HILL NEAR DROMANA, VIC, AUST AND HIS RELATIVES (THE TWO BOB WHITES ETC.)

HILL HILLIS AND HIS RELATIVES, INCLUDING THE TWO BOB WHITES.
According to Colin McLear in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Hill Hillis settled at Red Hill in 1855. His wife, Sarah, was a sister of James McKeown, a pioneer of Red Hill and Dromana. His son, William James Hillis,was a grantee
in the parish of Wannaeue and his sisters, Margaret and Hadassah, both married Blooming Bob White. Blooming Bob's sister Janet had a child by a James lad and because he was born before they could get a minister to marry them, the boy's birth certificate gave his name as Robert White.He grew up as Robert James and was granted land under that name. When he was to marry Hannah Roberts, he discovered his birth name and, probably
angry about being kept in the dark, became Robert White. To prevent confusion with his uncle, he became known as Bullocky Bob White.It seems that William James Hillis moved to Trafalgar in late 1898, three years after his father died.

HILL HILLIS

Hillis, Hill b. 1817 d. 1895 Dromana Victoria Gender: Male
(Parents: Father: Hillis, Frank Mother: Collins, Margaret)

Spouse: McKeown, Sarah b. 1822 d. 1900 Dromana Victoria Gender: Female
(Parents:Father: McKeown, William Mother: Collings, Mary Ann )

Children: Hillis, William James; Hillis, Mary Ann; Hillis, Sarah Jane; Hillis, Odessa (b. 1864 Victoria
Gender: Female); Hillis, Hadassah


Hillis, Frank Spouse: Collins, Margaret Children:Hillis, Hill

McIlroy, Joseph Marriage: 1877
Spouse: Hillis, Sarah Jane b. 1857 Belfast d. 1898 Dromana Victoria
Parents:Father: Hillis, Hill Mother: McKeown, Sarah


Davey,
Spouse: Hillis, Mary Ann b. 1846 d. 1920 Malvern Melbourne
Parents: Father: Hillis, Hill Mother: McKeown, Sarah


White, Robert
Marriage: 1899
Spouse: Hillis, Hadassah b. 1864 d. 1927 Prahran Melbourne
Parents:Father: Hillis, Hill Mother: McKeown, Sarah

SOURCE:LUGTON FAMILY AND CONNECTIONS.) Thank you Tony Lugton!

The geographic reason for the marital relationship between the three Hillis girls and the McIlroy, Davey and White
families will be explained under the heading THE HILLIS LAND.

Colin McLear throws more light on the Hillis-McKeown connection but the name of Hill Hillis's wife will need to be checked.
( A spiral-bound book containing information about Dromana families in the Dromana Historical Society museum states that
James McKeown married Catherine Townsend Hill who was born in 1843. Her parents details are given and, if I remember
correctly,she was born at Tower Hill. This meant that she was about 20 when she married.)


On page 86 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA,Colin stated:
James McKeown migrated to New Zealand in 1853 and then to Warrnambool in 1856. His sister, Mary,had married
Hill Hillis in Ireland in 1846 and migrated to Red Hill in 1855 and taken up farming.


The following were found in a search for the death notice of Hill Hillis's wife/widow (to ascertain whether her given name
was Sarah or Mary.)
HILLIS- WISEMAN.---On the 1st November, at tho Presbyterian Church, Dandenong, by the Rev. H. A. Buntine,
George P. third son of W. J. Hillis, Trafalgar, to Ethel D., only daughter of the late James Wiseman, Ascot Vale,
and sister of T.B . Wiseman, Bass.(P.59, Leader, Melbourne, 8-12-1917.)

HILLISWISEMAN. Mr. and Mrs. G. P. Hillis announce with pleasure the 25th anniversary of their marriage,
celebrated on November 1, 1917. (Present address, 3 Hastings street, Burwood.)
(
Although there seems to be no connection to the Red Hill area, I am extremely confident that there is!James Wiseman might
have been one of the Wiseman brothers who built the mirror-image mansions in Glenroy circa 1890 to give prestige to the
"Toorak of the North" but it is more likely that he was the Red Hill blacksmith who had lived across the road from Hill
Hillis over half a century before this marriage.Unless my transcription is faulty, William James Hillis (Hill's oldest
child) was no longer occupying his grants (23AB, Wannaeue) in 1900 and the first mention in trove of Hillis in Trafalgar
was in 1899.

THE HILLIS LAND.
The Kangerong Road Board had jurisdiction over the parishes of Kangerong ( basically the area between Port Phillip Bay
and Arthurs Seat/Red Hill Rds) and Wannaeue, Fingal and Nepean to the west of Mornington-Flinders Rd/south part of Main
Creek.To the east and south of Kangerong was the parish of Balnarring which was part of the Flinders Road District, formed
about five years later, with residents first assessed on 8-6-1869.

William J.Hillis was assessed on 60 acres, Dromana in 1872. This was a very poor description of the land by the Kangerong
Road Board rate collector because the land was near the corner of McIlroys and White Hill Rd,(Melway 190K1) crown allotments
18B and 18D Kangerong, of 59 acres 3 roods and 14 perches, granted to poor noseless Briant Ringrose.The battle axe block was
south of Henry Dunn's "Four Winds"of 60 acres at the south corner of McIlroys and White Hill Rds. Although it had a small
frontage to White Hill Rd, it had a northern boundary of 564 acres and adjoined Arkwell's land to the south.

This was the land on which William Hillis operated as Red Hill's first butcher as mentioned in THE BUTCHER, THE BAKER, THE.
At this time, William's sister,Sarah Jane, was about 15 and was no doubt taking interest in the opposite sex, especially
Joseph McIlroy, a neighbour whom she married five years later.
(Incidentally, Tony Lugton's genealogy shows that Sarah Jane was born in Belfast in 1857 so Colin McLear's claim
that Hill came to Red Hill in 1855 is wrong; he may have immigrated soon after Sarah's birth in 1857.Colin's information
probably came from an elderly pioneer rather than documents so Hill's wife was probably Sarah McKeown rather than Mary.
N.B. cOLIN COULD HAVE BEEN RIGHT AFTER ALL,AS EXPLAINED BELOW.)

The Ringrose grant was occupied from 1873 by Francis Hirst, William possibly selecting land in Wannaeue at that time.
The Kangerong and Flinders Road Boards merged to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, Shire Secretary, Peter Nowlan's
first assessment in late 1875 being a model of calligraphy and detail, which few others emulated.Hill Hillis was assessed on
54 acres and two-roomed house, Balnarring,and William Hillis on 153 acres in Wannaeue,leased from the Crown. Although Hill's
farm was the first farm held by the family, I will deal with it last because of its probable influence on James McKeown's
move from Warrnambool to Red Hill.

William Hillis was granted his 153 acres and 36 perches, Wannaeue on 10-12-1885.Fronting Whites and Main Creek Rds, and
indicated by Melway 171 J-K 5-6, this was crown allotment 23B.His neighbour across Main Creek Rd (Melway 190 part A, B 5-6)
was James Davey Jnr, who was probably the husband of William's sister, Mary Ann. On 12-11-1888, William Hillis received the
grant for the adjoining crown allotment 23A of 59 acres 3 roodsand 34 perches(Melway 171 H6) between 23B and Wilsons Rd,this
road giving access at the south west corner.

The name of Whites Rd possibly indicates that Robert White, who married William's sisters,(Margaret and) Hadassah, may have
occupied William Hillis's farm in about 1920 but it could have received the name because the Whites(Ernest V., Robert, Robert
G, Albert C.) used the road as a short cut from Purves Rd to their farms on JAMES DAVEY JNR'S grant(28A Wannaeue) across
Main Creek Rd.

Robert White Jnr (who married two Hillis girls) had owned crown allotment 18,Wannaeue at Rosebud, bounded by Pt Nepean Rd,
Adams Ave, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd, from 1875 until 1892. Robert's sons,Robert and William, (possibly named after his
mother's brother) were among the original pupils enrolled at Rosebud State School on its opening day in September, 1884,
according to P.15 of Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.Robert's father, Robert had owned a Rosebud Fishing Village
allotment across Pt Nepean Rd from crown allotment 18. It was crown allotment 11, the second block east of the access road
to the Rosebud jetty.

Toolaroo is the great grandson of Robert and Hadassah White's daughter, Vera Florence. Here are some of his findings.

On 26-7-1877, Robert White Jnr (who owned crown allotment 18, Wannaeue at Rosebud) married Margaret Hillis, daughter
of Hill Hillis and Sarah McKeowan (sic), aged 25, at Mornington. Margaret had been born in Antrim, Ireland.

Margaret died in 1888 and on 15-3-1899 Robert Jnr married Margaret's sister, Hadassah at Red Hill. Notice that Margaret
Hillis is not included in Tony Lugton's list of the children of Hill Hillis and Sarah (McKeown.)

Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With
his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881
at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.It is possible that Robert Snr had spent a few years at Robert, David and Alexander Cairns'
"Little Scotland"(Melway 170 B11) at Boneo, renting a hut from them and helping them to quarry and burn lime; the Cairns
family was also from Clackmannon and a Robert White was assessed on a hut owned by the Cairns brothers on 3-9-1864.
(I had initially thought that this Robert White was a member of the pioneering Irish Sorrento/Rye limeburning family but
it is just as likely that Robert White Snr had known the Cairns brothers in Clackmannon and they provided him with a dwelling
and job.Toolaroo has mentioned a connection between the White and Cairns families in Scotland.)


One of the reasons my journal about the Whites of Sorrento, Rosebud and Red Hill came to a screaming halt was the discovery
that the early Sorrento pioneer limeburners were Irish and Toolaroo's Whites were Scottish. To further confuse the issue,
Red Hill had two Bob Whites,Bloomin' Bob and Bullocky Bob.The jigsaw pieces are slowly starting to fit together and it
appears that Bloomin' and Bullocky were both descendants of the Scottish Robert White Snr (31-8-1804.)
Toolaroo says that in about 1860, Janet,(elder sister of Robert White Jnr who married two Hillis girls), gave birth to Robert
White of Main Ridgewho married Mary Hannah Roberts.

(The father of the child was (Charles?) James and because of the difficulty in getting a minister to marry them, the birth
took place before the wedding so the child's name was registered as Robert White. However he was brought up as Robert James
and it was only when he obtained a birth certificate to get married that he discovered his real name. He then changed his
name to Robert White. This caused confusion with his mother's brother (Robert White Jnr) so Robert James/White was called
"Bullocky Bob" and the bloke that married two Hillis girls was called "Bloomin' Bob". (Source: Jean Rotherham.) Toolaroo
told me some time ago that Janet's brother, Robert White Jnr,(who never swore) had been known as "Bloomin' Bob" because he
frequently used this word as a substitute.
On 23-3-1927, Hadassah White (nee Hillis) died at Crib Point. Her husband Robert White Jnr died in 1930.Bob White of Main
Ridge, husband of Mary Hannah (nee Roberts), died in May 1941.

WHY DID JAMES McKEOWN MOVE FROM WARRNAMBOOL TO RED HILL?
As I prepared to answer this question, I recalled Joseph Hillis down Warrnambool way and how that area had been a magnet
for Irish immigrants. Then a thought struck me about Belfast, the birthplace of Sarah Jane Hillis in 1857. Perhaps Colin
McLear was not wrong in stating that Hill Hillas had come to Australia in 1855 and only erred in inferring that he had gone
straight to Red Hill.

The following comes from the wikipedia entry for Port Fairy.
John Griffiths[3] established a whaling station in 1835 and a store was opened in 1839. In 1843, James Atkinson, a Sydney
solicitor, purchased land in the town by special survey. He drained the swamps, subdivided and leased the land, and built
a harbour on the Moyne River. He renamed the town 'Belfast' after his hometown in Northern Ireland. The Post Office opened
on 1 July 1843[4] as "Port Fairy" but was renamed "Belfast" on 1 January 1854 before reverting to the original name
20 July 1887.

Was Sarah Jane born in Belfast, Victoria, in other words, Port Fairy?

Family Notices
Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Wednesday 4 November 1914 Edition: DAILY. p 2 Family Notices
... DEATH. HILLIS.- At Koroit, on 3rd November, Jane, relict of the late Joseph Hillis, aged 71 years.
(The funeral will leave her late residence. Koroit, at Two o'clock This Day (Wednesday) for the Tower Hill Cemetery).
RUNDELL &SON, Undertakers..

Was Joseph Hillis a relative of Hill Hillis? The interesting thing is that James McKeown went to Red Hill in 1862 but
returned to Koroit to marry his wife, Catherine,and returned to Red Hill with her in 1863 by bullock cart
(P.86, A REAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Colin McLear did not give Catherine's maiden name but I wouldn't mind betting that she was
a Hillis.
(POSTSCRIPT.I've changed my mind. Now I'd prefer to bet that she was christened Catherine Townsend Hill. Ah well,you can't
win 'em all!)
James McKeown had gone to New Zealand in 1853 and moved to Warrnambool in 1856, perhaps because his sister, Sarah,
(Mrs Hill Hillis), had relatives there.

James McKeown's move to Red Hill was likely influenced by the presence there of his sister, Sarah,.Hill could have selected
land at Red Hill in 1855 and taken Sarah to relatives near "Belfast" when she was expecting Mary Janein 1857.It is likely
that the land Hill selected at Red Hill was part of land eventually granted to James McKeown. He probably fattened cattle
or sheep,more likely the former because of the heavily timbered land, but most of his income, in common with other residents
on Arthurs Seat,would have come from providing timber for the construction of piers, sleepers for the railways to
Williamstown, Castlemaine and so on.

The first Flinders Road Board assessment of 8-6-1869 listed ratepayers geographically rather than alphabetically
as the Kangerong road board had done since 1864.Because of this,with the parish map in hand,I can follow the rate collector
as he proceeds through the parish. We start east of the north end of Tucks Rd at about Melway 190 G10 where Marquis had 70B
of 89 acres, later granted to William Hopcraft, and heading north, Hopcraft 70A of 89 acres, Alf Head 130 acres of his 200
acre grant straddling Stony Creek Rd (71B and 71A1), Joseph Pitcher 72B of 140 acres north to Mock Orchards, and Robert
Holding, the 140 acre corner block,72A, which extended east to a point opposite the Sheehans Rd corner,and was later William
Henry Blakeley's.

Next listed were Hill Hillis 50 acres and a house and James McEwan (sic) 165 acres.Together they add up to the 215 acres
of James McKeown's grants, 73A and B, which extend east to include The Stables conference centre (190 J 5.) The next
ratepayers, the Wightons, were way down Pt Leo Rd near Frankston-Flinders Rd.

In 1870, Hill's land was amended to 54 acres and it remained the same in the first shire assessment of 1875, by which time
Hill was about 68 years old.It may have been soon afterwards that James McKeown took over the wole 215 acres.

In THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore states that Joseph McIlroy and Sarah (nee Hillis) had nine children. Joseph's diary,
excerpts of which are included in the book, show that Joseph and Sarah were married in Dromana at the Mechanics' Institute
at 12:30 by the Rev. James Caldwell of Mornington. Guests at the reception at Joseph's father's place were the McIlroy,
Simpson, Cleine,White,Ault and Hillis families, as well as Misses Kemp and Hopcraft who were probably friends of the bride
and groom.

Joseph's McIlroy's older brother, William John, married Elizabeth Hillis when he was 32 and they lived at Littlebridge,
which was named after the place in Ireland from which the family came.
There is a list of their children in the book.
(P. 14, THE RED HILL.)


William Hillis Jnr applied to the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong for the position of rate collector in 1897.
(P.3, Mornington Standard,30-9-1897.) There are several other mentions of "Hillis, Red Hill" on trove in 1897, in regard
to the BAND OF HOPE mainly, but none thereafter. The first mention of "Hillis, Trafalgar" was in 1898, which increases the
likelihood that W.J.Hillis moved from Main Creek to Trafalgar soon after W. Hillis Jnr applied for the job of rate collector.

A close examination of the rate books is called for to determine (a)if W.Hillis Jnr got the joband (b) the year of William
Snr's last assessment.

BACK TO THE RATEBOOKS!
I didn't hold much hope that the rate records would name the rate collectorso the fingers were crossed. The 1898 estimates
bore the signatures of councillors, mentioned the President's allowance,cost of planned works, office expenses, and so on but
there was no detail to reveal whether W.Hillis Jnr got the job.

The 1880 rates revealed that James McKeown had the whole 215 acres of his grant between Blakeley's land (Holding's grant) and
the future Red Hill Village Settlement straddling Prossor's Lane. Hill Hillis, the brother in law, had earlier occupied 54
acres of it.(See the Wiseman-Hillis wedding notice and commentary.) William Hillis was again assessed on only the 153 acres
of 23B, Wannaeue.

In 1881, George White, The Irish lime burner was assessed on 103 acres, Wannaeue (Melway 168 K12). The occupant was
not recorded for the next assessment detailed as 1 allotment Wannaeue, but the owner was R.White. This was crown allotment
11, Rosebud (Fishing Village.) I had earlier assumed that George White had been assessed on this block and the rate collector
had forgotten to write .. (ditto.)This had led me to believe that the Irish Whites had invaded Rosebud. William Hillis had
again been assessed on 23B.

Forgetting that I had wanted to find out when William Hillis had settled (occupied) 23A (accessed via Wilson Rd), I next
inspected the 1889 rates.William Hillas (as his name was invariably written) was assessed on 60+213 acres, 273 acres,
Wannaeue and Kangerong. Oh dear me, I just knew what was going to happen.And sure enough it did! By this stage I had
decided to sort out the two Robert Whites once and for all.
209. Robert White, farmer, 27 acres Kangerong.
210. Robert White, farmer, 290 acres, Wannaeue.

In 1890, William Hillis was assessed on 60+213acres, 273 acres Wannaeue and Kangerong, but the 60 and the 273 were crossed
out. William had probably lost 23AB Wannaeue (213 acres and 30 perches) to creditors.Therefore the record stated that the
60 acres were in Wannaeue AND Kangerong. Therefore in 1891, the 60 acre block was recorded as being in both parishes.The
details for the two Robert Whites were exactly as in 1889.

In 1893, occupations were given.
294. William Hillis, CARTER, Red Hill, owner/occupier of 60 acres, Kangerong and 2 allotments, Kangerong.
416. Robert White, LABOURER, 27 acres, Kangerong.
417. Robert White, CARTER, 290 acres, Wannaeue.

The 27 acres had to be part of the original Red Hill Township, which was at the corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds.Someone,
probably Sheila Skidmore in THE RED HILL, stated that only one township allotment was sold (meaning at the original sale),
the Post Office block. Jean Rotherham has been told by older members of her family that the 27 acre block was near the post
office (710 White Hill Rd, Melway 160 K12) so it could have been on the west side of White Hill Rd between Harrisons Rd and
Tumbywood Rd or on the north side of McIlroys Rd west of Bowring Rd.

The 60 acre block owned (if we can trust the rate collector) by William Hillis was most likely the grant of Brian Ringrose,
18B of 59 acres 3 roods and 14 perches,previously occupied by William until 1872. William seems to have been a good friend to
the poor disfigured ex-goldminer,paying his rates for him on one occasion, which I think I mentioned in thE RINGROSE entry in
my family tree circles journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. (See paragraph 2 of THE HILLIS LAND.) It could have been Henry
Dunn's grant "Four Winds" (see next paragraph.) In 1900, 18B belonged to ArthurE.Hill of St Kilda, who still had not moved
onto the property by 30-8-1902 when AROUND RED HILL was on page 2 of the Mornington Standard. Hill's property was described
as being up the hill from Wheelers (the post office.) Mr White, mentioned between James Davis(5 acresunder fruit) and the
Wheelers (who had run the post office for over 30 years) had a good view of the bay, some fruit trees and a small crop.This
would be on the 27 acre block.

In 1900, Mrs Maude Strong was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong. She was obviously a widow, otherwise her husband's given name
would have been used, and she wasleasing from Trustees. In 1902, Jon Davis (40 acres facing Port Phillip Bay with 6 acres
of young trees), who was mentioned before James Davis,was dairying on 60 acres leased from Mrs Strong. Whichever 60 acre
block William Hillis had in 1893, he was not there in 1900, supporting the belief that he had moved to Trafalgar circa 1898.

Details re Hillis and White remain unchanged in 1894.

In 1896,William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres and 2 allotments; Robert White, labourer, still had the 27 acres.
Robert White,carter, now had 160 acres, Wannaeue.The missing 130 acres adjoined this 160 acres to the south being crown
allotment 27A, Wannaeue, granted to John Cain on 6-4-1897. (Melway 190 A-B, part8,9.)

In 1897, the rate collector actually gave some detail of land assessed. (I'd forgotten this when I debated which 60 acre
block William Hillis had in 1893 but it hasn't been too painful finding out about Mrs Strong and Jon Davis, has it?)
Robert White, labourer, still had the 27 acres near the Red Hill post office.
Robert White, carter, Dromana??, was assessed on 160 acres,27A1, Wannaeue.
Charles James Snr had 105 acres , 19A Wannaeue.
William Hillis, carter of Red Hill, still had the 60 acres and two allotments.

The reason for the inclusion of Charles James here will soon become apparent.19A of 105 acres 2 roodsand 13 perches was
granted to D.James on 21-1-1878. Located at Melway 254J2, it is bounded by Old Main Creek Rd, the tributary of Main
Creek and Barkers Rd, which originally met Old Main Creek Rd not far east of Splitters Creek.Not far east (Melway 255 B1),
bounded by Main Creek, ShandsRd and Roberts Rd (on east and south) is crown allotment 1C, parish of Flinders, consisting of
46 acres 3 roods and 8 perches, and granted to C.Robertson 21-7-1890.It is easy to see how Janet White's son Robert, brought
up as Robert James, bullocky Bob White, met his future bride, Hannah Roberts.

The assessment of 30-9-1899 shows that Robert White of Red Hill still had 27 acres and Robert White of MAIN CREEK, DROMANA,
still had 160 acres, 27A1, Wannaeue. So do you know which was Bloomin'Bob and which was Bullocky Bob? Neither did I until I
looked at27A1 on the Wannaeue parish map.

Crown allotment 27A1 Wannaeue, of 160 acres 1 rood and 39 perches, indicated by Melway 190 A-B 7, part8, extended east almost to
Main Creek.It was granted on 6-4-1897 to ROBERT JAMES. I have actually seen a rate record where Robert James was assessed
but the surname was crossed out and replaced with WHITE.(I'm sorry I teased you by leaving the grantee's name until last but
I always wanted to do the "and the winner is" routine!)

Therefore, the 27 acres near the Red Hill post office was occupied by Robert White Jnr,Bloomin' Bob White,(son of Robert
White Snr born in Clackmannon in 1804),who owned 18B Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd as well as Crown Allotment
11,Rosebud Fishing Village from 1875 until about 1892. Like William Hillis, he probably lost his land because of the
1890's depression.

Bloomin' Bob struggled on as a laborer,perhaps doing roadworks for the shire,until at least 1910. It is unclear which Robert
White had James Davey Jnr's grant, 28A, Wannaeue in 1910. Bullocky Bob White, son of Janet, (the sister of Bloomin' Bob)
still had 27A1 of 160 acres.

In the Dromana Historical Society museum is a spiral-bound book with record of enrolments at Main Ridge State School,which
closed when the Red Hill Consolidated School was built.Many pupils had the WHITE surname and I presume they were the
offspring of Bullocky and Hannah (nee Roberts.)

In 1919 (the last raterecord available on microfiche), the following were assessed. Iwill leave it to family historians to
work out whether they were Bloomin' or Bullocky's mob as the aborigines would say.
Ernest V.White, Main Creek, 53 acres(part 28A), 30 acres (part 22B).
Robert, Robert G, Albert C. White 53 acres (part 28A), 53acres (part 28A), 160 acres and buildings(27A1.) The second entry
would seem to be connected with Bullocky because of 27A1.
22B, of almost 142 acres fronted the west side of Main Creek Rd and is indicated by Melway 171 J-K 7-8.

R.G.White of Main Creek also had 13 acres and buildings, being lot 9 of the Billingham Estate.
Eden White of Main Creek had 36 acres and buildings, part 20B, section B, Wannaeue.
Florence A.Bellingham was assessed on 147 acres, part 9A, 24B Wannaeue; this is presumably unsold land in the Billingham
Estate.Crown allotment 9A, a battle-axe block, fronted the east side of Greens Rd and includes the Main Ridge Pony Club and
Melway 254 D 5-6 roughly. ,Crown allotment 24B consisted of 145 acres and was a queer shape wth frontages to Heath Lane/Main
Creek Rd and the north side of Whites Rd. The estate obviously included Peter Watson's 25A of 83 acres, as Bellingham Rd
extends about another 300 metres to Arthurs Seat Rd.

Ignore the details about 9A; I just realised I've been caught by the rate collector's joke again.c/A. Imagine the slash
being so close to the C that it touches and going lower and c/a become 9a.

HEC HANSON AND THE WHITES.
Hec Hanson was a descendant of Peter Purves, the real* Purves pioneer of the Tootgarook run. Peter, a mason, had left for
Van Dieman's Land with his architect brother, James,when his wife Barbara died only a month after giving birth to their son,
James, on 29-9-1835.Heart-broken, Peter left little James with an aunt and spent some years building bridges in Tassie with
his brother. At 18, the boy travelled to Australia to be with his father, arriving in 1852 aboard the Thomas Lowry. The
brothers had been managing Tootgarook for some time for Edward Hobson who had been busy managing a station near Traralgon
(to which the later owner of the"Rosebud" gave its name.) The Purves bought Tootgarook in 1850. Peter died in 1860. His son,
James, married the daughter of Robert Dublin Quinan,the Dromana teacher who committed suicide over an error in the shire's
book, as detailed in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. James established Greenhills in Purves Rd, apparently between 1883 and 1885.
(*James spent as much or more time at his Chinton Station, east of Mt Macedon ,and living the high-life in Melbourne.)

Hans Christan Hanson, Hec's other grandfather, had been building bridges but settled at the north end of Tucks Rd in 1887.
His son, Alf, married Frances Purves in 1906 and Hec was born on 14-2-1913. Jim Wilson,of "Fernlea" after whom Wilson Rd
(entry to Hill Hillis's 23B) was named had married Barbara, another daughter of James Purves in 1915.

In MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, co-written with Petronella Wilson, Hec discusses George White, who seems to have been a descendant
of Bullocky Bob rather than Blooming Bob. On 15, Hec who won many prizes for show riding, states that George White had a
dapple grey pony which won 1st prize for a pony in harness in Hec's last Show entry,presumably before 1931 when he headed
for Quuensland looking for work.

P.38. 'The Whites lived just up the road from uncle Jim Wilson's (Fernlea) and always had horses. Things were improving a bit
and George White bought an International truck that had pride of place in the shed. Cocko (Harold Wilson) and I got a couple of
shovel fulls of horse manure and placed it behind the back wheels of the truck. When George came out in the morning and saw
what had been done , he roared like a bull and said:"Christ Almighty, I thought I was finished with horses!" We never let on
who did it. What a temper he had!'

I have scribbled a note in my copy of Hec's book: "See Mornington Standard 19-4-1902 P3, Thanks (Laurrison/White
relationship.)"
THANKS, TO THE EDITOR SIR,-Will you kindly allow me space in your valuable columns to thank Mr Hoskins, who so kindly lent
his horse and trap and drove my brother-in-law, Robert Wilson, to Mornington in a very short space of time on the occasion
of his recent serious accident. Also great credit is due to Dr Somers, who performed such a successful operation and pulled
such a dangerous case through. I must likewise thank Mrs Edwards for her kind attendance to him.-Yours truly,
C. H. LAURRISEN. Shoreham, April 14, 1902.

My note was wrong and has been amended to Laurrisen/Wilson but I'll leave this entry here as it involves quite a bit of the
area's history. The Laurrisen family arrived in Balnarring parish about early 1870 and Bev Laurissen has been a hard-working
member of the Dromana Historical Society for Years.

The Hansons lived in Alpine Chalet (Melway 190 F9) and across Stony Creek's gully were the houses belonging to Bob and Esther
Wilson and the Laurissens. (P.9.) They were probably on W.Baynes's grant (i.e. Webb Rd.) Alf Hanson,Jim and Bob Wilson were
cutting a branch from a tree to get a hive on 9-3-1902 when Bob fell into the path of the axe-swing and his head was split
open. Constable Edwards of Dromana asked Hoskins to help convey them to Mornington. (After Edwards was promoted up north, he
was forced to retire due to injuries received while arresting two fiends and developed a farm near Flinders.) A report of the
incident can be found in the Mornington Standard of 15-3-1902.


POSTSCRIPT ON WILLIAM HILLIS.
William had occupied his second grant in Wannaeue, 23A of almost 60 acres (accessed via Wilson Rd) by 1883. By 1889, he also
had the 60 acres Ringrose grant in Kangerong.By the 1890 assessment he had lost his Wannaeue land and was occupying only the
Ringrose grant (18B Kangerong.) In the assessment of September 1898, his name was crossed out and replaced with that of
Arthur E.Hill of 353 High St, St Kilda as occupier of 18B and 2 lots,Dromana.(He still owned the lots in Dromana!) William
Hillis was still assessed on 2 lots, 13 1 Kangerong until 1902, his assessment being between those of Hill and Hillyard. His
name did not appear in 1903 or thereafter.

Tommy Bent was an enthusiastic minister for Railways in the boom of the late 1880's. The line to Mornington opened and
shortly after, Tommy's mate, Henry Gomm, saw the Somerville station commence just over the road from "Glenhoya" at
Somerville. A railway to the fort at Portsea seemed a necessity, the only argument being whether it should go through Red
Hill or Moorooduc. A route had probably been surveyed through Dromana, most likely along the flat Palmerston Avenue, and
the 36 acre crown allotment 13, section 1, bounded by Jetty Avenue, Boundary Rd, and Palmerston Ave was subdivided (possibly
by Peter Pidoto's widow) as the Railway Estate.The 1890 depression halted the railway plans and the estate housed part of
Dromana's first golf course, as shown on Melbourne Brindle's fantastic map (available for purchase from the Dromana
Historical Society.) William had probably paid a good price for his two lots but had cut his losses by mid 1903.

From W. J. Hillis, Trafalgar South, offering to remove logs and repair culvert on road below Miller's for £2.
-Cr. Crisp explained that the work was on Kitchener's block, and Mr. Hillis was anxious TO GET HIS FURNITURE INTO HIS HOME.
He was a very straightforward man, and had made the Council a very reasonable offer which he (Cr. Crisp) thought should be
accepted.-Agreed to. (P.7, West Gippsland Gazette, 15-11-1898.)

I think I can now be fairly certain that W.J.Hillis of Trafalgar, first mentioned in 1898, and waiting to get his furniture
into his house in November was William James Hillis, son of Hill Hillis, who had left Red Hill by September 1898.

DIED OF WOUNDS
Pte J.E. HILLIS, Trafalgar, Vic. Pte A. KELLEY, England.(P.5, Bendigo Advertiser, 19-7-1915.)



HILLIS-YOUNG On the 23rd October, at Methodist Church, Trafalgar, by the Rev W E Lancaster, Henry Collins (late AIF) third
son of Mr W Hillis, "Ingleside" Trafalgar South, to Olive, only daughter of Mr and Mrs J.C. Young, Malvernia," Trafalgar,
Carlisle, Traralgon.(P.13, Argus, 13-12-1919.)


POSTSCRIPT ON ROBERT WHITE.
When transcribing all ratepayers in my area of interest, I usually only do about every ten years or so, as it is a very
time-consuming task. One of the Robert Whites seemed to have disappeared between 1910 and 1920 (as well as occupancy of the
27 acre block near the Red Hill post office, so I hit the rate books again. I decided to re-examine the 1910 assessments in
detail first.

718. White, Robert, Main Creek, Dromana,farmer, 159 acres and buildings, 28Ac W.(sic, 28A) NAV 16 pounds, paid 19-6-11.
719. .. .. .. .. .. .. , 160 acres and buildings,27A1 Wannaeue, NAV 25 pounds, also paid 19-6-11.
720. .. .. .. .. .. .. , 27 acres and buildings, Kangerong,NAV 25 pounds, not paid and the arrears of
2 pounds 16 shillings and 3 pence (obviously accumulated over several years) were more than half of the arrears for the
whole of the Centre Riding. Robert was in danger of the shire selling the land to get the owed rates!

As the rates for 28A Wannaeue and 27A1 Wannaeue were paid on the same date and 27A1 was granted to Robert James (Bullocky
Bob White), it can be assumed that Bullocky also had James Davey's grant as well.

In 1911, Bullocky paid the rates for 28A and 27A1 on 5-6-1912 (aSSESSMENT NUMBERS 771 and 772) while Blooming Bob (AN 773)
paid 12 shillings and 6 pence on his 27 acres, Kangerong, near the Red Hill post office, on 11-6-1912 and a further 18
shillings and 10 pence on 27-6-1912.

In 1912, Eden White's name appears before those of the two Robert Whites at assessment 849. He had 36 acres, part crown
allotment 20B, Wannaeue.No wonder Cr Terry demanded better descriptions of properties! One would assume from "part 20B"
that this crown allotment had been subdivided but it hadn't. At this stage, I will predict that Eden White was the son of
Robert James/White and Hannah (nee Roberts.) You will recall that C.Roberts was granted crown allotment 1C, Flinders,
bounded by Main Creek, the south side of Shands Rd and Roberts Rd, the turn to the west being its southern boundary, on
21-7-1890. A member of the Roberts family, John, was Rosebud's first postmasterby 1900, who used to check his watch at noon
on the Rosebud foreshore every day at noon (ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, Isobel Morseby.) His daughter, Rose, married
William Brady, and they ran the post office until William died, after which Rose moved to the Brady farm, Mt Evergreen,
(21C Wannaeue of 121 acres, Melway 171 south half of K9 and Morning Sun Vineyard halfway to Mornington-Flinders Rd.)
John Roberts had two blocks in Woolcott's subdivision of Crown allotment 17 Wannaeue (between Jetty Rdand Norm Clark Walk,
extending south to Eastbourne Rd. He also received the grant in February 1908 for 18A2 Wannaeue of 58 acres, Melway 170 F10.)
John Roberts, perhaps not the postmaster, was in 1919 occupying 19 C Wannaeue (Melway 254 Parts JK3) between Barkers Rd and
Main Creek for which he later received the grant (Tiyle from the Crown.) consisting of almost 30 acres, this land is possibly
all part of 291 Barkers Rd today.

Immediately south of Mt Evergreen was 20A of 175 acres granted on 16-6-1903 to John Shand, and occupied by 1919 by William
G.C.Roberts, bounded by Main Creek and Shands Rd (Melway 171 K11 to the left half of 190B 11-12.) This was across Shands Rd
from the Roberts grant at the north east corner of the parish of Flinders.Between 20A and Roberts Rd (Melway 190 right half
B11-12) was crown allotment 20B Wannaeue,of 36 acres and 14 perches, granted on 6-7-1903 to William Shand. This was the land
occupied by Eden White in 1912, the WHOLE OF CROWN ALLOTMENT 20b, NOT PART OF IT. As the land to the west, north,and south
was occupied by William G.C.Roberts,the Bradys including Rose (nee Roberts) and C.Roberts or descendants on 1C, Flinders and
20B Wannaeue was only 600 metres upstream along Main Creek from David James' grant, 19A, Eden White would likely be the son
of Robert White (JAMES) who married Hannah ROBERTS.

In 1912 (assessment numbers 850, 851), Robert White (Bullocky), described as a CONTRACTOR,was assessed on 28A and 27A1
Wannaeue.Robert White, labourer was assessed on 27 acresand buildings, PART CROWN ALLOTMENT 19, KANGERONG, but his name was
crossed out and E.Bowring substituted. This leads me to believe that the 27 acre farm was at 161 A11, east of Bowrings Rd.
The Bald Hill Reserve is part of Appleyard's 20C which was north and west of crown allotment 19.

Who was this fellow that followed Robert White on the 27 acres?
EXTRACT FROM DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL ON FAMILY TREE CIRCLES BY itellya.
Edward Bowring, the father of Red Hill's Eddie Bowring lived in Mt Alexander Rd, Essendon and it is possible that an uncle
had run the Coburg Electrical Service with a Mr Stubbs. Eddie must have arrived in Red Hill in about August 1901 as "Around
Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 stated that he had been on his Village Settlement block for
twelve months. Why was Thomas Harvey building a house on his block? The details of his crops are in the Village Settlement
journal.

Eddie Bowring was no slouch as a cyclist. He had ridden his bike to Melbourne, probably to visit his parents in Essendon,
and decided to "open her up" on the way back to Red Hill. He made it in just over three hours!
(Mornington Standard 26-4-1902 page 2.)

March 1903 was a busy month for Eddie. Firstly he was best man in the wedding of Fred Wheeler and Miss Goodman at Brunswick
on Friday 6th and then he married Emily, the eldest daughter of Mr T.Harvey "Fernside" Red Hill on the 11th. Eddie was the
eldest son of Edward of Essendon. His best man was Will Bowring, late of Red Hill and his groomsman was Mr E.Harvey. The
bridesmaids were Sophie Harvey and Gertie Bowring. (Both items, M.S. 21-3-1903.)

Back to Bullocky Bob White. In 1913, he was assessed on 27A1 of 160 acres, granted to him in 1897 in the name of Robert
James.The James Davey Jnr grant, 28A of 159 acres had been broken into three parts of 53 acres with the portions of
Robert George and Ernest V containing buildings (probably meaning houses) but not that of Albert C.White.From this
information, I conclude that Ernest V., Robert G. and Albert C. were sons of Bullocky Bob White and grandsons of the Roberts
and James families, as was Eden White. I believe that Robert George White would have called George White to avoid confusion
with his father and great uncle Blooming Bob White. It is likely that he was the George White whose temper produced the
desired result about 14 years later for the 14 year old Hec Hanson (born 1913) and his cousins, the Wilson lads.

Today Iwas on Museum duty, with Jean Rotherham again. Jean, who is a descendant of Bullocky Bob White, found a White family tree for me. You will remember that toolaroo had mentioned a Cairns connection in Clackmannon, Scotland. Henry Whyte* married Margaret Cairns on 10-12-1803.(*SPELLING OFTEN VARIED ACCORDING TO THE OFFICIAL OR CLERGYMAN FILLING DOCUMENTS FOR ILLITERATE PEOPLE. THE DAVIES FAMILY OF BALNARRING WAS WRITTEN AS DAVIS AND DAVIS OF RED HILL AS DAVIES IN RATEBOOKS!)

Their only child mentioned in the family tree is the ancestor of both Toolaroo and Jean. (Robert White Snr, as I have called him here, was born in Clackmannon on 31-8-1804 according to Toolaroo's information.) The tree states that he married Elizabeth Russell; Toolaroo adds that the marriage took place in 1829.

Their children were:
Jean (9-3-1830), Margaret (b.25-7-1832), Henry (b.11-11-1836), Janet (married Charles James), Ann (married Henry Bucher), Robert (married Margaret Hillis), Elizabeth.Robert Jnr was Blooming Bob; Margaret Hillis died in 1888 and he married her sister Hadassah in 1899. Henry Bucher was a pioneer of Rosebud Fishing Village; more about him later.

The children of Janet (nee White) and Charles James were:
Robert (JAMES/WHITE), Elizabeth (MrsHobley*), Donald (D.James,who received the grant bounded by Barkers Rd and Main Creek), Janet (Mrs Vivash), Charles, George, Harry.
*See Hobley wedding notice below.

The next line of the tree concerns only the children of Robert James (who started and ended his life as Robert White, Bullocky Bob White)and Mary or Hannah (nee Roberts.) They were:
Robert George, Albert Christopher, Eden edward, Ernest Victor, Frederick, Lillian Janet, John Gilbert and Sidney William.

HOBLEY.SEE COMMENT 1.

BUCHER.
BUCHER.
FROM PETER WILSON'S "ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD".

Henry Bucher was granted crown allotment 17 of the Rosebud Fishing Village,which was on the west side of Bucher Place
(Melway 158 E11.) (The Wannaeue parish map has no date for the issue of the grant but I'm sure he would have been one of
the first grantees in 1873.) Henry busher and his wife , Ann (nee White), settled on the foreshore in 1863 where Henry built
"Modesty Cottage" (pictured in the book) on the west side of today's Bucher Place. Henry came from Boston, Massachusetts and
Ann came from Scotland with her parents.Ann came from Clackmannon in Scotland,as did the Cairns. Their eldest daughter, Rose,
was the first child born in Rosebud.

FROM ROSALIND PEATEY'S "PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS".(A copy of this book is archived at the Rosebud Library and another copy
is available for perusal at the Dromana Historical Society museum in the Old Shire Office.)

George Peatey's wife, Sarah was one of the midwives on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd)
and oversaw the birth of children in the pioneering Clydesdale, Morgan, Thompson, Watson and Gibson families. (Morgan was a
stonemason, who in March 1864, had probably come by ship to the Dromana pier with his heavily pregnant wife to work at
constructing more substantial buildings at the eight year old quarantine station at The Heads.I hope he didn't ask Rosebud's
Maori fisherman to sail him, his wife and baby to Portsea as four other unfortunate masons did!The others were Survey
residents.)
(Susan's reputation must have spread to the other side of Arthurs Seat where there were only a handful of farms, some
probably vacant, between the Burrells on Arthurs Seat and Boneo Rd. Captain Henry Everest Adams had part of Wannaeue Village
based on today's Wattle Place, with his house on the car wash site, plus Isaac White's grant between Parkmore Rd and AdamsAve
by 5-9-1865. Warren was paying rates on his 152 acres between Adams Ave and Jetty Rd but may not have been living there.
The first certain occupant of this land was Blooming Bob White from 1875 to about 1892. By 1865,Woolcott,a speculator, had
bought the land between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk. Hugh Glass of "Flemington" owned his grant between First Ave and Boneo
Rd and the land between Norm Clark Walk and about Fifth Avenue;the 101 acres between Fifth and First Avenues had probably
been lost through insolvency.

South of Eastbourne Rd were pioneers such as the Fords on Wannaeue Station,the Cairns on Little Scotland and Robert White
who was renting a hut from them, the Purves near Boneo and on Greenhills on Purves Rd, Tweedale, Catherine Sullivan, George
Barnaby and CHARLES JAMESwho was assessed on 272 acres on 3-9-1864 but only 2.5 acres and a house on 5-9-1865.As you
can see, the hinterland was far more lively than "The Rosebud". But there were some residents living on the foreshore,or,
should I say, squatting.There were fishermen doing the same thing all round the bay. If a rate collector tried to extract
money from them,they'd just move to a different place and build another hut. The Kangerong Road Board may have influenced
the Government to declare the fishing village in 1873 to expand its inadequate rates base.

You will see why Rosebud's birth rate was not breaking any records and why Rose Bucher was the first white (not White!!)
child born there.) With the assistance of Susan Peatey, Rose Ann Bucher was born on 8-9-1867.

By 1879, Rosebud fishermen such as Henry Bucher, Antonio Bosina,William Gomm*, William Jamieson (former whaler), Antonio
Latross, John Jones (store keeperin an upturned boat who later built a store on the FJ's site) and Fred Vine were paying
rates.

*William Gomm later moved to Hastings where he died in 1915 (probably because of the effort keeping up with his 20 year old
second wife and was followed on the Jetty's Cafe site by his brother Henry, one or both in charge of the safety light on the
jetty and being described as harbour master in rate records. Their brother died in about 1896 at Dromana not long after
giving evidence at the hearing concerning Alf Downward's disputed election victory.They were sons of a convict, Henry Gomm,
and unrelated to Henry Gomm of "Glenhoya" in Somerville.See my Gomm journal.

By 1900, Henry Bucher must have died and Ann Bucher was assessed on lots 17 and 19 Rosebud (a term correctly used only for
the fishing village), as she was in 1910, when Arthur Ernest, Henry and D.R.Bucher were also paying rates. Arthur was
assessed on 30B Wannaeue of 50 acres,(Bayview Ave area, Melway 170 G 6-7), Henry,an inspector living in Brighton, on four
other fishing village lots and four lots in Woolcott's subdivision, and D.R.Bucher on 187 acres, 1A Wannaeue (Melway 170 G12
to 253 G3.) I've also read in the Mornington Shire heritage Study that a member of the Bucher family ran the sea baths at
Mornington.

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago

HINDHOPE ESTATE (PART 3, First Ave, Thomas St, Rosebrook St), ROSEBUD,VIC., AUST.

The land north of McCombe St and east of Rosebrook St was referred to as section A in the 1919 assessments. This was the second stage of the subdivision first advertised in 1914, the 70 "seaside" lots north of McCombe St being placed on sale in 1913 when the Hindhope Villa had 39 acres of grounds remaining. As Section A was the rest of Hindhope except for 14 acres west of Rosebrook St,it can be concluded that the land east of Rosebrook St consisted of 25 acres. Frederick Allan Quinton bought many blocks near the Hindhope Villa block (lot 95 and 96) but Alexander Mackie Younger's first wife bought the 14 acres of grounds, which might account for the absence of lots 19 to 32 on the subdivision plan,which makes no mention of section A.

Those assessed in 1919 on land in section A were:
A.L.Adcock, Red Hill, 6, 7, N.A.V. 2 POUNDS!; H.Cairns 14, c/o Mrs Papper, 433 George St.,Fitzroy; Mace, Wangaratta, 84, 85,86; W.R.Mullens 17, 18, c/o Jennings Rosebud; J.Patterson,Rosebud, 13; Mrs Emily June Ada Nethercote, Hawthorn, 12.
Not all of the above gained title. H.Cairns could have been Harry or Helen, neither of whom died for some time so the partly paid-off block may have been sold because of financial difficulties or an offer that couldn't be refused. The Mullens and Jennings family were related by marriage as shown in part 2. L.Adcock of Red Hill was occupying 42 acres and buildings on crown allotment 20C Wannaeue (at Melway 190 D 11-12) in 1919. I can find no Cairns/Papper connection so perhaps the Fitzroy family was leasing the block. Mr Mace's full name is below.

All lots below were transferred from the developer, Arthur A. Thomas to the buyer.

SOUTH SIDE OF McCOMBE ST.
LOT -- DATE--- TRANSFERRED TO.--- FRONTAGE--- NOW
1 --- 14-9-1923--- Elizabeth Lyng --- 100' 10"--6 First Ave.
2 --- 14-9-1923--- Elizabeth Lyng---- 50'------As above.
3 --- 27-3-1922--- Margaret Agnes Mott--50'------No.1 McCombe St.
4 --- 20-5-1924--- Arthur Nichols ----- 50'------No.3.
5 --- 8-7-1925--- Charles Nichols -----50'------No.5.
6 ---15-11-1916--- Leonard Frank Adcock-50'------No.7.
7 ---15-11-1916--- Leonard Frank Adcock-50'------No.9.
THOMAS STREET------------------------------------------
8--- 25-8-1924 --- William Alderson *1--50'------Unit 1 and 2, No.11 McCombe St
9 ---25-11-1937---Harold Thomas Devine--50-------No.13.
10-- 7-8-1921 --John Forrest Kilpatrick-50'------No.15 west to middle of drive.
11-- 7-8-1921 --John Forrest Kilpatrick- 50'-----No.17 and west half of drive.
12--16-4-1920-Emily Irene Ada Nethercote- 50'----No. 19.
13---27-4-1921--- James Kilgour Rae --- 50'------1/21 McCombe St (west to pillar between carports), and 5 and 6 of 1A Rosebrook St behind.
14---18-11-1921--Alfred Freeland Gibbs---50'-----2/21 McCombe St (east to pillar between carports),and 3 and 4 of 1A Rosebrook,fronting Rosebrook.
-------------ROSEBROOK STREET (THE NORTHERN 160 FEET TO THE BEND)-----------
15--- 9-3-1921 ---Gladys Iris Jennings---50'-----Plaza Car Park to east kerb of entry/exit separator.
16--- 9-3-1921----Gladys Iris Jennings---50'-----to diagonal crack in footpath west of entry/exit.
17---19-12-1923---Edward Adolph Mattner--50'----west to pedestrian crossing sign.
18---19-12-1923---Edward Adolph Mattner--50'----west to double veranda pole outside post office.


*1. William Alderson lived on a Rosebud Fishing Village block, and being a Carlton supporter, wasresponsible for the colours of the Rosebud Footy Club jumper. It was changed to incorporate a light horizontal panel for one year because old Mr Dark had trouble spotting the players in the late afternoon but a return to the Alderson design was demanded.
*2.The Jennings family's background is discussed in my journal about connections between the Rosebud and Geelong areas.

As mentioned previously,lots 18-32 were probably allocated to the 14 acres of "Hindhope Villa" grounds transferred to Elizabeth May Younger on 17-8-1918.This eventually became "Hindhope Park" on 5 acres (now the Plaza), and house blocks on Boneo Rd, Maybury St, Donald St and the west end of Hope St.

It is possible that lots 18-32 were intended to front the west side of Rosebrook St with lots 19 and 20 fronting McCombe St west of lot 18, each with a frontage of 50',between points 200 and 300 feet west of Rosebrook St. Lots 21 to 31 would have run uphill from the bend in Rosebrook St with frontages of 50 feet and depths of 160', except for lot 21 which would have had a frontage of 100' because of the angle of the south east boundary of lots 15-18.

The reason for the above assumptions is that the sketch of title for Elizabeth May Younger's purchase on 17-8-1918 indicates that Hope St extended 160 feet west of Rosebrook St and that a lane 550' long went due (magnetic) north almost to the rear boundary of lot 18, with another lane veering left 191 feet from the end for 213 feet until it reached a point 100 feet west of the south west corner of lot 18, from which it ran parallel to lot 15-18 boundaries to meet McCombe St at a right angle.

No such lanes were planned for the first stage, north of McCombe St, or the second stage, east of Rosebrook St; they would have been intended for the purpose of a sanitary service.Postscript-There do seem to be back lanes in the other areas mentioned. In residential areas without sewerage, the toilet was built on the back fence line and the nightman would drive along the back lane and replace the full pan with an empty one.It would be interesting to find out where the shire of Flinders dumped its "fertiliser".
Essendon's was dumped on Cam Taylor's "St John's" which became the original (north) part of Essendon Aerodrome.
I wonder if trove will tell me when a sanitary service commenced in Rosebud.

It hasn't but by 1910 Dromana and Sorrento had a sanitary service and Portsea was demanding one. This may have influenced Thomas to include the lanes west of Rosebrook St, but the influence may have come from Miss Alice Currie.

WOMEN TO WOMEN A FAMILY HOLIDAY BY THE SEA Summer Respite for Country Folk PRO VESTA.
It was just before war broke out in 1914 that Miss Alice Currie put before the public a plan providing seaside holi days for country folk on the most economical basis possible, in the hope of raislng funds to bring that plan to fruition. There was every possibility that she would have received the support she asked for but the war intervened and, as with many ...etc.

In a letter which appeared in The Argus on July ß Miss Currie outlined the plan upon which it is proposed to
establish residential seaside camps sanitated and supervised and self-supporting by means of very moderate charges...etc.

When Miss Currie made her idea public in 1914 the plan of an organised residential camp with equipment as simple, plain and standardised as possible and consistent with comfort and efficiency was taken up commercially as a business venture at Rosebud with special terms for country people for the last three years.
(P.13, Argus, 10-7-1935.)

A SEASIDE CAMP.
The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Tuesday 3 May 1932 p 3 Article
... A SEASIDE CAMP. Miss Alice Currie of Toorak, who will be remembered for her advocacy of sea-side camps has had her ambitions realised In the organised permanent model camp at Hindhope Park, Rosebud, Victoria. The camp has been established by private enterprise and last summer it accommodated ...etc.



EAST SIDE ROSEBROOK ST DOWNHILL FROM HOPE ST.
LOT ---- DATE ----TRANFERRED TO ----- FRONTAGE--- NOW
33 ---11-3-1924 --Frederick Allan Quinton 50' --- 25 Rosebrook with 8 Hope St in eastern half.
34 --- As above ------------------------- 50' --- 23 McCombe.
35-- Application in 1993, Woodward -----50' --- No.21.
36---19-6-1925- Margaret Jennie Edwards --50' --- No 19.
37 --- 13-5-1927-- Harold Liversidge -----50' --- No.17.
38 --- 18-6-1924--Harold John Corry ------50' --- No 15.
39 --- 23-5-1923--Edgar George Hughes ----50' --- No.13.
40 --- 8-3-1923 --James Kilgour Rae ------50' --- No.11.
41 ---As above ---------------------------50' --- Southern 50' of No. 7 to peg near brick wall.(Could be number 9 but no number is displayed.)
42----As above ---------------------------50' --- Northern 33 feet of No.7 and north to middle of 1/5 gate.
43 ---As above----------------------------50'---- Remainder of No.5.
44 ---As above----------------------------50' --- No.3.
45 ---As above but 46' 4.5" frontage and 3' easement on north side. No. 1 Rosebrook St.

THOMAS ST (UPHILL WEST SIDE)
LOT-----DATE----TRANSFERRED TO ------FRONTAGE --- ----------NOW
8 McCombe side boundary 146'3.5' to bend and another 36'3". Paced out correct.
46 --- 25-9-1923---Ethel Corinth Stewart--128'3"------ No.2,opposite 1, 3, 5.
47 --- 24-3-1918---Walter Burnham --------50'--------- No.4,opposite north part of 7.
48 --- 24-3-1918---Walter Burnham --------50'--------- No.6 opposite south part of 7& No 9 drive.
49 --- 12-8-1927---Ethel Corinth Stewart--50'----------No.8 opposite No.9 between drive and south boundary.
50 --- 8-4-1925----David Brownhill Bruce--50'----------No.10 opposite No.11.
51 --- 16-4-1925 --Mary Jane Hill --------50'----------No.12 (new double storey at front) opposite No.13.
52 --- 21-6-1920 --Lily McBean------------50'----------No.14 opposite north half of 15-17.
53 --- 21-6-1920---Lily McBean------------50'----------No.16 opposite south half of 15-17.
54 --- 11-3-1924---Frederick Allan Quinton-50'---------No.18 opposite No.19.
55 --- Ditto------------------------------50'----------No.20 opposite No.21.
56-----Ditto------------------------------50'----------No.22 opposite 23.
57 --- 15-4-1921--Minnie Irene Waterhouse-50'----------No.24 opposite 25.
58 --- 4-3-1924---Frederick Allan Quinton-50'----------No.26 opposite 27.
59 ----Ditto------------------------------50'----------No 28 (and Hope St back unit) opposite 29.
HOPE ST-----------------------------------------------------------------

LOT 95.
The title for the Hindhope Villa block of 1 acre 1 rood and 39 perches was for lot 96 (now 46, 48 and 50 First Ave)and lot 95 whose north and south boundaries were the same as the front and back fence lines of the houses on the south side of Hope St. The southern boundary adjoined lot 60 (which was directly opposite the east end of Hope St) but went west another 20 feet so the Hindhope Villa residents could access the 14 acres of "grounds" west of Rosebrook St via Hope St.

The north west corner of was in the middle of Windella Ave and from this point I followed the line of Thomas St south for 180 feet (60 paces.) I came exactly to the bend in Windella Avenue. Bends in an otherwise straight road can only mean two things: (1)dodging an obstruction such as a boggy patch or a too-steep gradient or (2)a boundary between two subdivisions (i.e. Hindhope and The Thicket.)

Windella Avenue to this bend (the southern boundary of numbers 5 and 2 Windella Ave)is wholly on lot 95 as are 1, 3, 5 Windella and the front lawn of No.2 in front of the carport.

THOMAS ST (DOWNHILL EAST SIDE.)
60 ---11-3-1924--Frederick Allan Quinton--50'-------------No.31 opposite Hope St.
61---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.29 opp.28.
62 --Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.27 opp.26.
63---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.25 opp.24.
64---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.23 opp.22.
65---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.21 opp.20.
66---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.19 opp.18.
67---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------No.15-17 (vacant part from northern boundary to north side of gate),opposite No.14.
68---Ditto--------------------------------50'-------------Southern half of 17 including driveway and house, opposite No.16.
69---8-7-1925----Bell Frances Hill--------50'-------------No.13,opposite No. 12.
70---6-8-1925---Robert Percival Wall------50'-------------No.11,opposite No. 10.
71---25-2-1929--Elsie Bowerman Leigh------50'-------------No.9 south of its driveway,opp. No.8.
72---2-6-1947---Roy Marcus Dark-----------50'-------------No.7 south from said part of tree to south side of No.9's driveway),opposite No.6.
73---23-8-1926--Lucy Alice Thompson-------50'-------------northern part No.7(south to northern edge of nature strip tree), opposite No.4.
74---23-3-1926--David Hamilton -----------50'---------------No.5 opp. south part No.2.
75--29-9-1924-QUINTON(Allen Lawrence,Norman Frederick)-50'--No.3 opp. central third No.2.
76--22-1-1926---William Alderson----------47'10"-----------No.1 opp. north (almost) third No.2.
Side boundary of 7 McCombe,155'9" to bend and another 26'1"the present garage) to William's block.

FIRST AVENUE (WEST SIDE UPHILL FROM McCOMBE ST.)
Side boundary of lot 1 (McCombe St)----- 101'10". Now 6 First Avenue.
77---11-6-1928---James Nichols ----------125'7"--- 8 First Ave (75 feet)and No.10 (50 feet.)
78---15-4-1925---Gertrude Espie----------50'-------No.12.
79---30-6-1927---Hugh John Parkes------- 50'-------No.14.
80---30-6-1927---Hugh John Parkes------- 50'-------No.16.
81---23-8-1926---Lucy Alice Thompson---- 50'-------No.18.
82---7-4-1926----Albert Woolley Craig----50'-------No.20.
83---15-6-1926---Janey Isabella Watts----50'-------No.22.
84---19-2-1919 --Arthur Reginald Mace----50'-------No.24.
85---Ditto-------------------------------50'--Part 26-8 south to .5 metre past power pole.
86---Ditto-------------------------------50'-----south half of 26-8.
87---11-3-1924---Frederick Allan Quinton-50'------No.30.
88---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.32.
89---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.34.
90---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.36.
91---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.38.
92---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.40.
93---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.42.
94---Ditto-------------------------------50'------No.44.
95---(9-1-1923 Annie Cameron,(12-3-1926 Keith McGregor)Mortgaged to Alex Mackie Younger 30-12-26 and discharged on 31-3-1927, (31-3-1927 Gilbert Livingstone Culliford), (31-3-1927 The National Permanent Building Society).
These transfers also involved lot 96 to the west,lots 95 and 96 comprising the homestead block of one acre one rood and thirty nine perches,virtually one and a half acres.The frontage of lot 95 was 180 feet. Numbers 46, 48 and 50 each havea frontage of 60 feet with the southern fenceline of No.50 indicating the boundary between Hindhope and The Thicket. No. 50 First Avenue is the Hindhope Villa.

LOT 96 AND THE NORTH SIDE OF HOPE ST.
96---- (See lot 95 above.) The western boundary is virtually on Windella Ave running 170 feet south from a spot 20 feet across Thomas St which I just realised is named after the developer, Arthur A.Thomas)in line with the front fence line of houses on the south side of Hope St to a spot level with the back fence line of those houses. Details re occupancy of lot 96 are given before the start of THOMAS ST,EAST SIDE.


97----11-3-1924--Frederick Allan Quinton--50'--- the western 30 feet of Windella Ave, 1 Hope St west to the middle of the third fence panel, and most of No.2 Widella Ave to the south.
98----3-7-1954---Denzal Victor Victor Purser-50'---- The western part of 1 Hope St.
99----11-3-1924----Frederick Allan Quinton---50'-----3 Hope St
100---Ditto----------------------------------50' ----5 Hope St
101---Application 1993,Woodward--------------50'-----7 Hope St.(The application would have been to create dual occupancy for 7A,also on lot 101,at the back. Includes the 7A driveway.)
102 and 103? --11-3-1924---Frederick Allan Quinton---- 150' (to about 10 feet past the line of west side of Rosebrook e.g. the Plaza fence.) Nos. 9,11 and 13 Hope St, all with 50' frontages. 103 is confusingly written straddling the line 10 ft west of Rosebrook St[ rather than within a block as all the other lot numbers were.

LYNG, MOTT, NICHOLS,ADCOCK, ALDERSON, DEVINE, KILPATRICK, NETHERCOTE, RAE, GIBBS, JENNINGS, MATTNER, CAIRNS, DARK, QUINTON, WOODWARD, EDWARDS,LIVERSIDGE, CORRY,HUGHES, RAE, STEWART, BURNHAM, BRUCE,HILL,MCBEAN,WATERHOUSE, WALL,LEIGH, DARK, THOMPSON,HAMILTON, ALDERSON, NICHOLS, ESPIE, PARKES, CRAIG, WATTS, MACE, PURSER,

3 comment(s), latest 2 years ago

HINDHOPE ESTATE ROSEBUD (VIC. AUST.) PART 2- NTH SIDE McCOMBE ST.

Information about crown allotment 14, section A,Wannaeue, the farms (Hindhope, The Thicket) and the subdivision of Hindhope can be found in my EARLY ROSEBUD and HINDHOPE ESTATE (Part 1) journals.

The dates below come from title documents and addresses from the 1919 assessment.

Lots 36-39 fronted Boneo Rd,each having frontages just over 50 feet. They now comprise the car park over McCombe St from Red Rooster and Gloria Jeans. Much of Charlie Burnham's lot 39 has been taken for the left turn lane from Boneo Rd,obviously the reason Red Rooster relocated from that site.

Lots 36 and 37, adjoining the fishing gear and furniture/giftware shops, had a frontage of 107 feet 4 inches and the title was transferred from the developer,Arthur A.Thomas to Norman Pern of Fairfield, N.S.W. on 14-1-1915.
Norm also bought lots 30 and 31 (discussed in part 1) and was assessed on all four lots in 1919.

Lot 38 had a frontage of 53 feet 8 inches,practically to the McCombe St kerb where cars turn left. The title was transferred to William Thomas Charge (whose address in 1919 I forgot to record)on 16-5-1916.

Lot 39 had frontages of 53 feet 5 inches to Boneo Rd and 220 feet 10 inches to the north side of McCombe St. Charles Burnham gained title to this block on 31-3-1926. Charles and his brother, Walter, were fishermen who moved from Sorrento to Rosebud in about 1913. Walter built a house on the foreshore at the end of Boneo Rd and the brothers built a jetty from ti-tree nearby. This jetty appealed to a teenaged Arthur Boyd, who became a famed artist and the 1995 Australian of the Year. Arthur painted the jetty from the east and from the west. Photos of the jetty can be seen in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD which is available for loan. One shows Arthur's painting and the other Lois Burnham (Walter's daughter and Peter's mother) sitting on the jetty as a youngster.

Steve Burnham's website contains Vin Burnham's recollections of Rosebud in the early days. Click on ABOUT THE FAMILY.

McCOMBE ST BLOCKS (North side.)
All blocks to First Avenue have frontages to McCombe St of 50 feet except for lot 70 which was only 32 feet 9 inches wide. Many blocks are now part of the car park so I will describe what they adjoin in lots 1-33, such as the Op Shop etc.

LOT DATE (TITLE) BUYER 1919 ADDRESS BUILDINGS/CHANGES IN 1919.
40 7-9-1915 David Phillips Brunswick
41 7-9-1915 David Phillips Brunswick
42 9-1-1948 Jessie Elizabeth Lightfoot ---
43 9-1-1948 J.E.Lightfoot ---
44 Perhaps trans. to Denzal Clyde Victor Purser 3-7-1954 and sold 13-8-1958./ Chas Cairns,Boneo 29, 45.
45 1-3-1916 Robert Cairns the Younger / Forsyth and Sons lots 28,45,46.
46 8-2-1915. Annie Cath. Anderson / Forsyth and Sons
47 9-8-1923 Ethel May Short --- /Not assessed
48 3-7-1918 Mary Ann Peatey *1 /Not assessed
49 12-2-1937 Margaret Emma Price Stone*2 /Mrs S.R.Stone, Richmond,49,50
50 12-2-1937 M.E.P.Stone /As above.
51 18-6-1946 JENNINGS (Gladys Iris, Fred Rowland,Walt. Herb., Gord. Rob.) / Not assessed
52 10-8-1923 Lily McBean --- / Not assessed
53 10-8-1923 Lily McBean --- / Not assessed
54 11-5-1920 Charles Roger Marsh /J.N? Marsh,Pt Ormond>Brighton Nth, 54, 55, BDS.
--------------------ROSE ST. ---------------
55 16-9-1920 William Dixon Marsh /As above
56 18-8-1941 Georgina Emma Saunders --- / Not assessed
57 Probably unsold and transferred to executors of A.A.Thomas on/after 5-2-1945.No.on plan but not on transfer details.
58 7-2-1922 Margaret Agnes Mott --- / Not assessed
59 27-7-1929 Benjamin John Forsyth --- / Not assessed
60 27-7-1929 Dorothy Pretoria McAlister --- / Not assessed A sis.of Ben and Norm?
61 27-7-1929 Norman Forsyth --- / Not assessed
62 6-6-1950 John Hector Beattie --- / Marg. Ethel Beattie,Brunswick.
63(& 10) 4-9-1915 Harriet Harvie --- / Margaret Harvey, Northcote, 10,63
64 18-12-1917 Annie Catherine Sampson --- / E.Martin*3, Coburg> Rosebud, 7, 8 &BDS, 64,65
Annie Catherine Sampson of St Kilda was assessed on 9 and 64!
65 8-6-1924 John McGregor Dawson --- / E.Martin above
66 8-6-1924 J.McG. Dawson --- Due to the duplication re 64,E.Martin probably had 65 & 66.
67 10-12-1919 Susannah Hansford Canterbury (Could mean in Melb. but possibly Blairgowrie.)
68 23-2-1921 Gladys Ethel Morton --- / Not assessed
69 23-2-1921 Gladys Ethel Morton --- /Not assessed
70 1-9-1916 James Dunstan Page Armadale Frontage of only 32 feet 9 inches.

The distance between Pt Nepean Rd and McCombe St was 400 feet so the depth of blocks fronting each was 200 feet. Some Pt Nepean Rd lots seem to have been re-subdivided with some buildings straddling allotment boundaries. As many of the McCombe St lots are now car parking, I will describe what I can see 200 feet away at the back of the Pt Nepean Rd blocks in order to describe their locations. I will start from Rose St and work west and east to determine the 50 foot frontage blocks, the eastern end of Charlie Burnham's lot 39 and the western boundary of lot 70. Apart from those at each end, the lots have 50 foot frontages (roughly 17 paces); this might help if you have difficulty finding some of the boundaries, such as wall joins in the Safeway building.

LOCATIONS OF LOTS.
Boneo Rd.
Lots 36 to 39, each with a frontage to Boneo Rd of about 53 foot, had side boundaries from 142 feet 11 inches (at the boundary with Total Tackle, Jepara and Panini) to 220 feet 10 inches (the McCombe St frontage of lot
39.)The increase in depths was due to the differing angles of the lot boundaries and Boneo Rd. Lot 39 is now the left turn lane (W) and the east-west section to the bend near the car park entry (E). The eastern boundary of lots 36-9 backs onto the Panini building 10 feet west of its eastern corner.

40. Backs onto the car parking outside the chemist etc and goes west 10 feet past the Panini corner.
41. Backs onto car park two way road (W)and plantation east to no entry sign (E).
42. Backs onto western 2m of Safeway building and entry drive from Pt Nepean Rd, to the NO ENTRY sign.
43. Backs onto Safeway wall from redundant air conditioner downpipe (W) to wall join under floodlight(E).
44. Backs onto Safeway building between two wall joins under floodlight (W)and 24 feet (8 paces)west of loading dock yellow pole (E).
45. Backs onto Safeway loading dock ramp (E) and the dock building to bend in wall (E).
46. Backs onto loading dock building from wall bend/join (W) to east end of Safeway.
47. Backs onto Op Shop (W)and the (Nepean) arcade (E).
48. Backs onto Rosebud Discounts (W) and shop 2, 1395 Pt Nepean Rd (presently vacant) (E).
49. Backs onto Rosebud Homemakers and entry drive to east kerb.
50. Backs onto east kerb of entry drive (W) and Paint Place yard (E).
51. Backs onto yard with David Short signs on fence.
52. Backs onto Roller door (W) and Founds shop front. (E). The roller door part was formerly a separate shop.
53. Backs onto yard full of containers and mattresses, obviously the part of Founds rendered at the front.
54. West corner Rose St, backs onto Cash Deal.
--------- ROSE STREET -----------
55. East corner Rose St, contains Bermuda Bar, and Rose St shops (all vacant.)
56. Barry Plant and car park.
57. Sportspower and car parking.
58. Aldi loading dock.
59. Rest of Aldi building east to line of spouting.
60. East to drain pit cover in nature strip 2m west of Aldi entry/Exit drive.
61. The eastern quarter of the Aldi property to the boundary with First Choice.
62. Adjoins back of western part of First Choice.
63. 14 McCombe St (Rosebud Chiropractic Centre.)
64. West half of vacant land behind Rosebud Square.
65. East half of vacant land behind Rosebud Square.
66. 8 McCombe St to middle of driveway between it and a line of 4 flats.
67. The four flats.
68. Barkies entry drive and the western 3 parking bays.
69. The next six parking bays,perhaps another half bay.Contains telecommunication tower and enclosure.
70. First Avenue corner. Roughly the 4 eastern parking spaces, Nepean Autos and Hotline Electrics.


*1. Mary Ann Peatey married Jack Peatey on 4-11-1884. Their children, John Edward,William Henry,Susan and George were all born in Gippsland and shortly after they returned to Rosebud to live on the beachfront in 1894, twins Mary and Ann were born. They called their house Beachside; it was on the east side of Peatey's Creek which is now a drain running under Murray Anderson Rd. As Jack was almost an invalid,using a walking stick carved for him by Fred Vine, it was mainly Mary Ann who established Rosebud's first produce supply on the Rosebud Fishing Village block. Jack's health improved and he took out fishing parties in his huge coutta boat, one of his best customers being Edward Campbell a Melbourne City Councillor who served as Lord Mayor and had a holiday house on former Lacco land where the Banksia Point development is proposed. Jack and Mr Wong perpetrated a hoax on the Rosebud folk according to Jim Dryden. He pretended his eyes were turned and Mr Wong of the Chinaman's Creek market-gardening family made a hood with slits where his eyes should focus, effecting a miraculous cure.

Jack's parents, George and Susan Peatey, had been settlers on the Survey (Safety Beach area)by 1858 and later bought 100 acres at the east corner of Harrisons Rd (Melway 160 K6) now occupied by wineries. It proved too wet for farming and with a loan from Nelson Rudduck they purchased lot 76 of Woolcott's subdivision,just over 2 acres at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St. Here they grew onions and spuds from 1888 after repaying the loan.The house burnt down in 1912 and Susan moved to Beachside where she died in 1914.Susan was involved as a midwife in what was thought to be the first birth of a white child in Rosebud, delivering Henry and Ann Bucher's Rose Ann on 8-9-1867. ("Pine Trees and Box Thorns" Rosalind Peatey; Jim Dryden.)

Mary Ann would have bought the Hindhope Block as the best way of utilising the profits from Beachside about which an unknown pioneer (possibly Isabelle Moresby)has noted on the map "Peatys, cows:dairy,poultry slept in trees". Now that's what I call free-range!

*2. The Stones of Richmond may have been related to Fred Vine's wife and daughter. Fred's loyal missus was obviously a widow with a young daughter when Fred married her. After her death Fred moved to a fisherman's hut on the foreshore at Dromana, roughly opposite Seacombe St. The stepdaughter answered to Mary Stone or Mary Vine and Peter Wilson devoted a chapter of ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD to "Polly" Vine, including an excellent photo of her. Fred's move and Mary using Mary B.Stone as her official name probably both arose from the same cause, which is better left unsaid but can be discovered on trove. Some wonderful photos of Dromana fishermen in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA include Fred.

*3. E.Martin was probably the proprietor of a shop on the west corner of Boneo Rd (which became known as Martin's Corner.) He probably bought the 5 acre site which now includes the Blue Mini Cafe,a couple of shops to the west and possibly south to the Super Clinic. He may have sold the Hindhope blocks soon after the 1919 assessment to buy the Martin's Corner Land and build his shop which was established in about 1920 according to the late Ray Cairns.

The photo from Steve Burnham's website was taken from the west side of Boneo Rd, probably from near the site of the present Super Clinic. It shows Charlie Burnham's house fronting Boneo Rd and the fish shop behind it on the north side of McCombe St. Red Rooster later occupied the site but was moved to the present location so the left turn lane could be built. On the right hand side of McCombe St is a Hindhope sign.


1 comment(s), latest 2 years ago

HINDHOPE PARK AND OTHER ROSEBUD MEMORIES FROM RAY WOOLRIDGE etc., VIC., AUST.

Nothing lasts forever! This is especially true regarding Rosebud which has lost so many of its historic buildings, and far-less so overseas where the Pyramids, Colloseum, Panthanon, quaint villages, ancient cathedrals etc. draw huge numbers of tourists. Aborigines had an incredible connection with "place" and family historians have caught the bug. In today's DESPERATELY SEEKING, one wanted to find out the sites of a hotel and a house in Bendigo. That is why I try to provide precise locations of farms etc, even if it makes for boring reading.

As well as acknowledging and providing details about pioneers, I also aim to raise public awareness of an area's heritage so that people can experience the feeling of "place". To this end, with the assistance of Frank Thom of Rosebud Plaza, I am producing a series of one-page histories of the Rosebud area. The first is about Hugh Glass, The Thicket and Hindhope farms and Hindhope Park, with a photo and newspaper article about Hindhope Park. It is on the noticeboard near Baker's Delight.

This morning while I continued the 1954 Mornington Peninsula souvenir journal, I received a phone call from Ray
Woolridge. This is what he told me.

Hindhope Park was managed by Bill Woodward and his wife, Marge,in 1955-7 and they were followed from 1957 into the 1960's by Fred Parker. Fred's son, Dick, married one of the girls who had holidayed at the Park. (Dick was one of the stars of the Rosebud Football Club and a very good cricketer for years at Boneo. He was the one who suggested that I interview the late Ray Cairns,the Boneo Bradman.)

Ray's family lived in the Preston area and there was a group of families from there that spent their summer holidays at Hindhope since the late 1940's. Ray knows the exact site occupied by Bert Deacon's 21 person "colony" on the foreshore that is mentioned in my 1954 Mornington Peninsula Souvenir journal. Bert, a Brownlow Medalist and Carlton great, was captain-coach of the Bullants and most of his colonists were Prestonites.

At Hindhope there were three good kitchens and eating areas and visitors could use the cabins or provide their own camping (as was the case with the Clemengers' Parkmore near McCrae many decades earlier.) Every summer there would be a golf tournament at Carrington Park (Rosebud Public Golf Course)and the "Hindhope Gift" on New Year's Day.

Later on Ray Woolridge spent his summers at Netherby, now full of home units with entries in McDowell St and Jetty Rd. This was a caravan park run by Don Miller which closed in the mid 1980's. It consisted (wholly or partly) of the 2 acre lot 76 of Woolcott's subdivision of crown allotment 17 Wannaeue,purchased in 1878 by George and Susan Peatey and occupied by them from 1888 when they had repaid Nelson Rudduck's loan.

The closure of Netherby resulted in Ray holidaying at Heather Lodge, situated where Kentucky and the mini golf
are now. It was run by Jack and Audrey Hetherington and closed down in the early 1990's.

Deserting trove, I did a google search for Hindhope Park and found this treasure.
Hindhope Caravan Park | Five Little Lady
janettebruckshaw-healthykids.blogspot.com/.../hindhope-caravan-park.ht...‎

Hindhope Caravan Park
Without Prejudice

On the first night we arrived at Hindhope,for a months long stay, I woke in the middle of the night with an urgent request from Yvette to take her to the toilet block.

We had arrived in the darkness not knowing what to expect. Home left behind in Melbourne for the Summer shores of camping at Rosebud. the cabin was tiny and airless but was adequate for our needs it was more or less a glorified tent.

An enamel sink in one corner and bunk beds, old drawers and a wardrobe. Unbearably hot during the day but we intended to spend all our time outside of it.

My husband had stayed back in Melbourne to work and we had fled a boring old house in Keysborough for the wilds of Rosebud. The traditional Aussie break coming to us at last, a summer holiday on the safe foreshore of the Bay.

I grabbed Yvette's hand and a torch and we walked out into the night sky. Once we reached the bright lights of the toilet block I could see why Yvette was agitated. She was covered from head to toe in Measles. And we were there amongst families for the entire month, no thought of going home entered my brain.

So the next day I told all the people in the communal kitchen at breakfast. we had our own table, a distressed timber construction with long bench seats on either side. The seats were given to be a bit rough and had to be carefully navigated to avoid lethal splinters to the unwary.

We had our own fridge with a tiny freezer and in the massive kitchen there were enough cookers to feed 24 families. I gave all the families the information about Yvette's condition and they all agreed it was fine for her to come in with their children.

She didn't leave the cabin for days and I had to nurse her sore eyes and bathe her head with water from the sink but she was fine again after a few days. Then Debbie went down with it and Alena and Lauren didn't as they had had the measles injection. It was a disastrous start to what would become a regular holiday for us, always just us. No hubby.

By the following week we were really into the swing of things. Fun coming from the other families and their kids and every night at dinner we met up and compared the days happenings.

I took out other kids my girls had befriended and other Mums and Dad took mine with them to Arthurs seat or the Carnival with its swinging Pirate Ship. Coming back hot and sticky with pink and green fairy floss.

From then on we did everything, exploring the foreshore, swimming in the warm water that was almost bath like in its temperature and it was always safe as it was mostly shallows with little ripples that could be body surfed by a 10, 9, 5 and 3 year old child.

We went to the hot concrete pool and the girls didn't like it and we left preferring the sea and sand and the parks with their swings and see saws. But the nights were the best when the kids were sent to faraway tables to play cards and the adults would play Trivial Pursuit or cards and get merrily drunk.

My drink de jour, Spritzers of white wine and soda and ice. I smoked then as did all the others and puffing away and drinking we would endeavour to answer the questions seriously. we would retire to the cabins we all had as late as possible and as tipsy as possible so we could sleep in the hot boxes.

The kids never had a problem sleeping, however, worn out from helter skelter during the day, wind, sun and sea burning their cheeks and then turning them mahogany brown. their Father having olive skin and the girls lucky enough to inherit it.

HISTORIC ORIGINS OF STREET NAMES ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

The following is an extract from my Peninsula Dictionary History, which I have not touched for over a year since I read Leila Shaw's THE WAY WE WERE and got sidetracked into Henry Gomm, Joseph Porta etc. The Mount Martha section is based on much speculation and should be taken with a grain of salt.Irvine St has no connection with the Coburg pioneering carpenter. The street names that are simply listed have definite historic origins and I'll have to take a holiday from family tree circles soon (with the occasional visit only) in order to continue with PENINSULA DISTRICT HISTORY and DROMANA AND ROSEBUD ON TROVE.

Other speculation, such as the origin of Hope St in Rosebud, has since been disproved. Hindhope was the original name of the farm including all Hope St house blocks and bounded by Boneo Rd, Point Nepean Rd and First Ave.I will edit this when I have time to read it through. It was Peter Young who was granted Nairn but Airey's did become part of Patullo's Craigbank.


HISTORIC STREET NAME ORIGINS
Co-ordinate given is where the street name is written.
MOUNT MARTHA.
I was tempted to start with Mornington (where I have a relationship to the Harraps dating from 1861) and Green Island where Sam Sherlock settled after working at many occupations and places in and near the parish of Wannaeue. That will have to come later as my original intention was to start with Safety Beach and if I dont control myself, Ill be telling you that the family of Thamer Burdett (H.W.Wilsons wife) might be connected with the naming of a street in Frankston North.
Therefore I will start at Balcombe Creek with what I like to think of as Essendon By The Bay. It is possible that John Thomas Smith (seven times Mayor of early Melbourne and builder of the lovely Ascot House, which still stands in Fenton St, Ascot Vale) started the annual summer migration; a book I read yonks ago in the old Rosebud Library called him a pioneer of the area.
WELLS RD.
I know Wells Rd is nowhere near Mt Martha but Henry Cadby Wells daughter was probably the first white child born on the Southern Peninsula. Robert Rowleys mother and stepfather, Richard Kenyon, along with Captain Adams at McCrae, were the first permanent settlers in the area. Shortly after, Robert arrived and within months, he and his friend, Wells had started a limeburning venture and Polly Wells had been born (7-6-1841).
By 1846, the depression caused a slump in demand for lime and many limeburners had departed while others turned to timber-getting or fishing. In about 1849, Wells, (a bootmaker by trade), returned from Melbourne to launch a crayfishing venture with Robert. It was hugely successful but wishing to see their families for a few days, they anchored in Westernport. The vessel was destroyed because of the huge tidal variation
In 1859, Wells planted a vineyard at Ranelagh in Mt Eliza but before long it was wiped out by a disease that destroyed almost every vineyard in the state. Wells retained his interest in the limeburning industry and visited the Sorrento area many times, probably staying with the Rowleys. (Google The Wells Story.)
MELWAY P.150-1
There are just so many names associated with the history of the area near Essendon found on these two pages that I feel justified in assuming that there was a summer exodus from that area to Mt Martha similar to that from Toorak to Portsea in slightly later times.
KILBURN GR. 150 H1.
See Fairview Ave.

ELMIE TCE. 150 H1
This was possibly the location of the holiday home of a prominent citizen of early Coburg. See Between Two Creeks Richard Broome.

AILSA ST 151 A1
This was possibly the site of a holiday home owned by Robert McCracken of Ailsa on Flemington Hill where Essendon Football Club played its first few seasons.

TAL TALS Cres. 151 C3
This was a name given by early settlers to a local aboriginal group.

CUMBERLAND DR. 151 C1
This was possibly the site of a holiday home of Alex. McCracken who lived at North Park in Woodlands St, Essendon and owned Cumberland which is part of Woodlands Historic Park near Tullamarine Airport.

SINCLAIR ST. 150 K1
This was possibly the site of a holiday house of Mrs Sinclair who had a farm fronting Rosehill Rd in West Essendon. The origin of the name could also have something to do with the family of Peter S.Sinclair, a grantee in Rye Township, after whom Sinclair St in Rye was obviously named. Peter only owned his land fronting Weir St for a decade so he might have been a speculator. If so, Sinclair St in Somerville might also be named after a member of his family.

LEMPRIERE AVE. 150 G2
HERE I WILL DISCONTINUE USING This was possibly the site of etc.
Lempriere at one time owned St Johns, a farm granted to Major St John who was famously libelled by J.P.Fawkner. This property became Essendon Aerodrome.
A member of the Lempriere family with very French Christian names was assessed on land in Sorrento in about 1880.
PRESCOTT AVE. 150 H2
Prescott was probably a developer who subdivided land here and at Safety Beach. He may not have been a resident of Sorrento but he was a guest at a wedding there. The newspaper account of the wedding of Florence Maud Dark and George Sutton is reproduced on page 77 of Jenny Nixons FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO and PORTSEA. Unfortunately, no date is given for the article but it may be from about 1920. My hunch is that Sutton and Prescott were friends from Mornington. One day, while walking in Mornington, I inspected an old house called Sutton Grange. Always on the lookout for historical connections, I wondered if it had any connection with the place east of Castlemaine and Faraday. This fine house might have been where George Sutton lived.

IRVINE AVE. 150 H2
Irvine was a prominent carpenter in Coburgs early days. Notice the proximity to Elmie Tce. See Broomes history.

RAMSAY CT. 150 J1
Ramsay built Clydebank in West Essendon, which now serves as a Catholic College.
From New Zealand, he invented a boot polish and named it KIWI.


FAIRVIEW AVE. 150 K2.
There were two farms in Tullamarine with this name but a nearby street makes it clear which one is associated. The Kilburns received land grants in Keilor Rd in what is now called East Keilor and Keilor Park, and also bought part of the subdivision of Thomas Napiers land at what is now Strathmore. Mrs Kilburn also owned 400 acres bounded by Sharps and Broadmeadows Rds at Tullamarine; this farm, which she called Fairview, was later split into Brightview and Dalkeith.

DURHAM CT. 151 A3.
Durhams owned and possibly subdivided McMeikan land at Kensington in the 1880s. Perhaps he found Mt Martha too hilly and moved to the very flat Durham Pl. in Rosebud.

DEAKIN DR. 150 F2.
Although the street may have been named by others to honour his contribution to Federation, he did defeat Alexander McCracken for the seat of West Bourke and represented the area from which these prominent holiday makers came, and he might have shared their summer relaxation at this watering place as promoters such as Dromanas Spencer Jackson so quaintly put it.

PENLEIGH CRES 151 A2.
You might have noticed that many of the families mentioned are Scottish. Some of their daughters would have been educated at Penleigh in Park St, Essendon.

SHERWOOD CRES. 151 A3.
Alexander McCracken was heavily involved in the Oaklands Hunt Club and many of the post hunt get-togethers took place at Cumberland and the Inverness Hotel (near the north end of the runway). Eventually the hunt club established its own headquarters on a property called Sherwood. (See 178 D6.) Ref. The Oaklands Hunt by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.

Another possible reason for the name is that there might have been a family of this name in the area. The 1879-80 Kangerong assessments record that George Sherwood, journeyman, and William Copeland, journeyman, constituting a firm called Sherwood & Co., had 173 acres and a building in the parish. This would have been crown allotment 10 A of just under 173 acres granted to G.Sherwood on what looks like 19-8-1876. This land was bounded by Tumbywood Rd, Eatons Cutting Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd and extended east to the end of Holmes Rd. It is probable that Sherwood had moved on by 1900 and the property is not even mentioned; it might have been absorbed by Thomas Appleyard or passed into the hands of creditors during the depression of the 1890s. By 1910, it had become the property of Charles Bennett of St Kilda.
No detail of which trade Sherwood was following is given, but readers may wonder what a journeyman was. A tradesman could progress through three stages. Usually an apprenticeship lasted seven years during which a lad would live with his master, receiving little payment other than food and shelter. On successful completion of the term, he would become a journeyman. He could conduct business on his own account but as can be seen, he probably would not have a nest egg to do so. Most likely, he would wander from place to place, working for various master tradesmen, picking up new ideas and techniques that might enable him to submit a piece of work to the guild and qualify as a master. The term journeyman comes from the French word for day and the master for whom he was now working had to pay him for each days work.
Perhaps Sherwoods father was a master tradesman and actually owned the company. Therefore Sherwood and Copeland could obtain equipment and materials, but they could not employ anyone until they reached the status of Master.

McLEOD RD. 150 F4.
The McLeods were pioneers in the parish of Holden. (See 176 A11.)



HALL ST. 150 E4.
The Halls received grants near Lemprieres St Johns and Kilburns Fairview and next to Kilburns grant in Keilor Rd. Joseph Hall had the Tuerong run briefly.

BARROW ST 150 F4.
Jim Barrow was an owner of Gladstone, which makes up the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park.

SPENCER, JACKSON, PANORAMA 150 G5.
Spencer Jackson did much to promote Dromana. He even wrote a history of Dromana but some of its pages look suspiciously like an advertisement for his Panoramic Estate at Dromana. The history is not for loan but is available at Rosebud Library.


GLENCOE DR. 153 A1.
Glencoe was the Duncan farm just north of the McLeod farm in the parish of Holden. It was on this farm that the famous Sunbury Music Festival was held. Ref. Bulla Bulla I.W.Symonds. (See 352 J5.)

NAIRN PL. 150 G7.
If I remember correctly (this whole work is written from memory as I gave all my maps, notes and the 3500 pages of Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around to custodians when moving to Rosebud) Nairn was granted to Captain Airey but became part of David Patullos Craig Bank. It was west of Wildwood Rd where it bends near the turn off to the Brannigans St Johns. (See 177 C3.)

HEARN RD. 150 E4, CLARKES AVE. 145 B8, BRUCE RD 150 F10.
Hearn had the Mt.Martha Run and in1865 appears to have built the forerunner or original 4 rooms of Heronswood at Dromana. He also received the grants of extensive property on both sides of Purves Rd on the south side of Arthurs Seats summit. His son, James married a daughter of W.J.T.(Big) Clarke who had bought Jamiesons Special Survey, the property south of Hearns run. Colin McLear said that Clarke gave another son-in-law, (a Mr Bruce of the family that produced a prime minister) part of the survey as a wedding present. This was probably the northern 1000 acres leased by E.L.Tassell. ( Hollinshead stated that Clarke sold it to him at a profit of 600 pounds). Big Clarke was looked after in his last days at James Hearns Roseneath in Woodlands St, Essendon. Woodland St apparently got its name from a huge Clarke property. The Roseneath estate was earlier owned by E.Clarke and later owned by William Salmon who donated Salmon Reserve to the council.
Sources: Wannaeue map, Kangerong rates, Dreamtime of Dromana, Lime Land Leisure, Essendon &Hawstead map, Essendon rates, Lenore Frosts books on Essendon homes and street names.
N.B. Big Clarkes son, W.J.Clarke, built Rupertswood at Sunbury (the birthplace of TheAshes) and named it after his son.


FAIRBAIRN AVE. 150 C7.
The Fairbairn family settled near Ballan very early. Like Hugh Glass, Big Clarke and John Aitken near Sunbury, they bought grants on the way to Newmarket to rest and fatten their stock. Fairbairns was on the south side of Raleighs Punt Road. Today it is Fairbairn Park. Fairbairn owned an impressive house (called Ardoch Towers if my memory serves me right) just north of the Essendon Footy Ground.

DALKEITH HOUSE. Being so far from Essendon on the Bay, this is pure conjecture, but there might have been some connection with Tommy Lofts farm, Dalkeith, at Tullamarine. (See Kilburn and Fairview.) Tommy Loft owned land on the west side of Truemans Rd in 1920, which adds to the possibility of a connection.







Safety beach and dromana now on USB.






BURTON ST 159 C9
There might be a connection with the Burrell or Coburn families.
It might also have been intended to be Burston Ave. I cannot be sure that, in 1919, George Burston of Fitzroy had 368 acres of the Arthurs Seat Pre-emptive Right because the same section and allotment was used to detail land there, and at Boneo. If he did there would be another 272 acres to account for.
Since 1900 and probably the 1890s depression, Catherine Burrell had owned 70 acres and the Coburns 88 acres. The Rudducks Wonga was 25 acres, Judge Higgins had Heronswood on 10 acres, the Hearns nearby had 40 acres and the Cornells had 10 acres where Smythe had built the hut for old Tom who tended his wattles. Charles Wedge of Ringwood had 26 acres taking us to a total of 637 acres, so with a few subdivision blocks the 640 acres are accounted for. Hmmm! By the way Burston also had 709 acres in another riding.


CHARLES ST 159 A10 HENRY ST 159 B10 CATHERINE ST 158 K 12
BURRELL ST 158 K12 COBURN AVE 159 B9 BARTELS ST158 K10.
Charles was the given name of one of the four Burrell brothers who took over the Arthurs Seat estate in 1851 with their sister Kitty. The author of Rosebud: Flower of The Peninsula said that he married Miss Coburn.
Henry was another of the four Burrell brothers. By 1910, he was living in East Melbourne but he was leasing a house and 4 acres from the Coburn family, possibly Killarney.
Catherine Burrell and her four brothers took over the McCraes Arthurs Seat Run in 1851. Brook and Joseph were the two brothers after whom streets were not named unless the author of the book mentioned under Charles St made a mistake. Rate records do little to verify the names of the brothers but they do indicate the shrinking acreage of the Burrell property. In 1864, Charles Burrell had a six-roomed house and a large garden (orchard) on 34 acres and Burrell had an eight-roomed house and large garden on a 42 acre frontage and the remaining 4400 acres of the Run. Edward Burrell was assessed on a slab hut and 15 acres.
In 1865, the rate collector assessed only Joseph Brooks Burrell, on the 640 acre pre-emptive Right. By 1879, Joseph John Burrell, grazier, was assessed on 580 acres, leased from C.Burrell. In 1900 and again in 1910, Catherine Burrell was assessed on 70 acres. I had assumed that she was a widow but she might have been Kitty who arrived with the four brothers. Her next- door neighbour was Caroline Coburn, possibly mother in law of Charles Burrell, living on the 88 acre Springbank.
The first mention of the Coburns that I have transcribed was from the assessments compiled for the 1887-8 year; W.J.Coburn was assessed on 370 acres. He might have been leasing part of the Arthurs Seat Pre-emptive Right of 640 acres. The author of Rosebud: Flower of the Peninsula states that Mr Coburn built several houses including Killarney in 1891 and Springbank in 1894. She says that Springbank burnt down in 1912 but the Coburns must have given the name to another house that he had built, as their address was still Springbank in 1919. The house on the site of the one that was burnt down was built in 1927.
In 1910, Mrs Caroline E.Coburn, a farmer, was assessed on the 88 acres of Springbank while William John Coburn, farmer of Springbank, was assessed on two allotments on Crown Allotment 17 (near McDowell St.)
By 1919, Miss Catherine Burrell had only 40 acres. The remaining 30 acres must have been sold to such as Frank and June Cornell (10). David Cairns Jnr (10) and Back Road (Now Bayview Rd) Bob Cairns may have had the rest. There is no mention of the Coburns in the West Riding, but there is a separate listing for the Springbank Estate.
The lots themselves were of little value and, no matter whether one or five lots were owned, the nett annual value was almost always two pounds. As mentioned before, Springbank consisted of 88 acres. C.W. Coburn was assessed on 44 acres and part of lots 4 and 5. Mrs S.Burrell who was living at Springbank, Dromana (or more correctly Dromana West as McCrae would be called for another couple of decades), had lots 8, 9, and 4 and 5 (of which Coburn had a part.) Charles N.Coburn, of Caulfield, had lots 22-5, 30-32, 22-81, 59, 60, and 87-95. (Thats right; assessed twice on lots 22-25!) E.J.Alexander (Queensland), Edith Anderson (Camberwell), and The Phillips (Murrayville), like the above, had buildings and thus a NAV of ten pounds or above.
The Bartels family from Oakleigh had property with a total NAV of L12.J.Bartels had lots 11, 18, 19 and buildings, while Mrs E.J. and E.C. and A.C. Bartels had lots 61-64. No doubt this family later did their own subdividing.

GEORGIANA PL. 159 A11.
Georgiana Place is named after Georgiana McCrae who supported her husband in his bid to establish a successful Run at Arthurs Seat. A cultured lady, she was asked by Gov. Latrobe to accompany him at the opening of the first Princes Bridge when his wife did not feel well enough to attend. In her famed diary, she recorded life in the infant colony with descriptions of pioneers rivaled only by those of Harry Peck. How else would I have known that Captain Bunbury (granted section 1 of the parish of Tullamarine, and head of the Water Police at Williamstown) had lost the use of his right arm but could paint beautifully left-handed?
Now doubt the walls of the Arthurs Seat homestead displayed some of Georgianas fine paintings. The McCrae homestead can provide a glimpse into the life and times of Georgiana. The artistic tradition at the homestead was carried on by John Twycross, who married one of the Burrell girls; noted as a photographer later, he produced some beautiful paintings, which are housed in display drawers in the new Burrell Room.



A NAVIGATOR THEMED ESTATE? 159 A12 and pages 170-1.
Poole St may be named after Captain J.Poole who commanded a 368 ton barque named the Indus. The Maitland Mercury of 12-2-1853 reported the arrival of the ship from Melbourne.
Parkes St, named after Sir Henry Parkes (the father of Federation whose enthusiasm was caught by Alfred Deakin) seems to be the exception to the theme; perhaps it was a later addition to provide access to the water tower.
Somers Ave seems to be part of the estate too. This was named after Lord Somers, the Governor from 1926-1931 who started a youth camp on Merricks Creek.
Matthew. Flinders, Cook and Bass need no explanation but an examination of the monument outside the Dromana Museum will help to explain the choice of Murray and Bowen. Have a look at it on a Sunday afternoon drive and visit the museum.
Dorothy Crt probably resulted from the subdivision of a homestead block later.

CAIRN (sic) RD 158 K12
This road was intended to be named after Robert Cairns, or Back Road Bob as he was known- as he lived on Cape Schanck Rd, which has been renamed Bayview Rd. He received grants for almost 180 acres on the east side of the back road with the northern and southern boundaries indicated by the extent of streets named after British cars. His northern boundary divided his property from the Arthurs Seat Pre-emptive Right and the southern boundary had bends which are the northern boundaries of the present Rosebud Golf Course. His land extended to Melway 171 A2.


GELLIBRAND ST 158 J11
Joseph Tice Gellibrand was one of the members of the Port Phillip Association on whose behalf John Batman made his purchase of thousands of square miles on the north and west of the bay. Gellibrand, appointed attorney-general of Van Diemans Land, took up his post in 1824 but the despotic Governor Arthur probably conspired to ensure his dismissal within a couple of years.
In 1827, he and Batman applied for a grant in the Port Phillip District (as Victoria was called until it gained Separation) but the request was refused. In 1835 he joined the P.P.A. and devised the treaty. After landing at Westernport in 1836 and strolling to Melbourne and then to Geelong, accompanied by William Buckley, and then towards Gisborne, then Melbourne, then the Plenty River, he went back to Tassie for a well-earned rest. He returned with George B.L.Hesse and, landing at Geelong on 27-2-1837, they set off to follow the Barwon River to its junction with the Leigh River and then cut across to Melbourne. They disappeared and no trace was ever found of them.

PARKMORE RD 158 H11
Parkmore was a comfortable house built in 1896 by Mr Holloway, an architect. A lovely fountain graced the garden. Parkmore was later occupied by Mr and Mrs Fair. The Clemingers bought it in 1908 and introduced tented accommodation. This information comes from Rosebud:Flower of the Peninsula, which as well as being not for loan is no longer kept in the local history room at the library. I have written a summary of its information, with notes, under the same title.
The rate assessments for 1900-1 show that Albert Holloway had 5 acres and a building; it would have been too much trouble to call it a house, let alone give its name!
Wises 1893-4 directory lists Albert Holloway as a resident of Rosebud and gives his occupation as builder, as does their 1895-6 directory. This historic house is still standing although well hidden by a high fence and perimeter foliage and will soon be completely hidden from view by new housing. See details of Parkmore and subdivision of Crown Allotment 19 in ADAMS CORNER by Ray Gibb (available at Dromana Museum.)

LONSDALE ST 158 K12
William Lonsdale was appointed Police Magistrate for Port Phillip District as soon as Governor Bourke received permission to form the new settlement and was hurried off in Captain Hobsons Rattlesnake, arriving on 29-9-1836. Bourke was anxious to impose control on the illegal settlers before things got out of hand. Lonsdale could have been dictatorial, given the additional powers invested in him but he was generally applauded for his even-handed attitude. When Latrobe arrived, he served under him until his boss retired in 1854.

WATTLE RD 158 J 11,12
The road to Portsea (as the highway was known) was called Esplanade where it skirted the foreshore through Dromana and Rosebud. The Avenue at McCrae was the boundary between the Arthurs Seat Pre-emptive Right and Captain Henry Adams grant , allotment 20 of the parish of Wannaeue. I doubt that The Avenue was made to Cape Schanck (Bayview) Road in the early days. The only people that came from the east to ADAMS CORNER before the mid 1860s would have been those calling at the Arthurs Seat homestead before going to the solitude of the Cape Schanck, Boniyong or Tootgarook runs. If they werent stopping at the homestead and did not want to wait for low tide so they could get around Anthonys Nose on the beach, they would enter Cape Schanck Rd at Foote St in Dromana.
However, if they did stop at the homestead, they would take a route that headed west with the least arduous ascent. This would explain the crazy angle at which Wattle Rd (now Wattle Pl.) leaves the beach road. Even before the McCraes settled on their run, Captain Adams had a house on Adams Corner, built from his schooners timber in 1839-40 and it is likely that anyone choosing the beach route around Arthurs Seat instead of the steep climb out of what would become Dromana would enjoy his company and hospitality before proceeding. There was no road along the foreshore and many creeks (Adams, Eeling and Peateys and others before Jetty Rd) as well as the Tootgarook Swamp near Chinamans Creek (with jungles of ti tree) that would deter travelers from taking that route.
When Henry Cadby Wells and his wife were walking to the heads to join young Robert Rowley in a limeburning venture in 1841, it is likely that they stopped at Henry Adams place for the night. As they prepared to leave the next morning they would have seen some of Adams workers heading off in a south westerly direction.
Where are they going in the dark?
Can you see those piles of bark?
They go out in any sort of weather
And strip the wattles for tanning leather.
The demand for wattle bark in Melbourne would lead to this track, made by the earliest travelers, being used by bark gatherers who would have to go further up the mountain each day as they depleted the supply along the wattle road and then at the end of it.

BARODA ST 158 G12 MITCHELL ST, LYON ST 158 F12 MADURA ST 158 H 12
All of these streets seem to have a link with the Maddens of Travancore, which was part of the old Flemington Estate of Hugh Glass.Both Baroda and Madura are street names in the Travancore Estate ((29 A11). The main Madden business was supplying horses for the army in India. Their initial link with the Peninsula was probably through the Purves family at Tootgarook with James supplying heavy horses for hauling and James Jnr breeding thoroughbreds for the lighthorse brigades. If the Maddens did establish a holiday retreat east of Adams Ave., it was not far from Green Hills, near the south end of Purves Rd, where, at his uncle Peter Purves farm, Alf Hansen and others imitated the man from Snowy River.
The Lyon family was prominent in the Essendon area from early days and possibly involved on the council with the Maddens.
The Mitchell name is common in early Peninsula history, and because of the proximity of two streets named after pioneering families, I believe Mitchell St was named after one of them. James Mitchell was one of the early settlers on Jamiesons Special Survey, renting a hut from Big Clarke in 1863.As he did not have land, he was probably fishing at Safety beach or timber cutting. He was also there in 1864, but not in 1865 unless my transcription was faulty. It was probably his daughter who married John Bryan, a neighbour on the survey.. (See Brian St, map 158.) Mitchell might have moved to Rye in 1865 to work in the lime trade. George Mitchell was the postmaster at Rye by 1879. (See RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 P 60, 72 re the Mitchells.)
If the Madden land extended across Adams Ave, Mitchell St could have been named for Mitchell who ran huge flocks of sheep on Woodlands and Cumberland, which today constitute most of Woodlands Historic Park near Tullamarine Airport. He took over this land after the death of Alexander McCracken in 1915. (See Mt Martha streets such as Ailsa & Cumberland.)
Mitchell and Madden might have been connected through the Oaklands Hunt Club or perhaps marriage.


ADAMS AVE 158 G12
Captain Henry Everest Vivian Adams first landed at Dromana (which included McCrae until recent times) sometime between 1839 and 1840 on the schooner Roseanne.He received the grant for allotment 20 Wannaeue, which was bounded by Point Nepean Rd, The Avenue, Bayview Rd and Parkmore Rd. By 1865, he had purchased allotment 19, which went west to Adams Ave.
His first house was built from the timbers of his schooner, but with the help of his son, Robert, he built another house on the Wattle Rd corner (Adams Corner), which was named Hopetoun House in honour of the Governor who would stay there on his way to Sorrento. Like many farmers (even today), he had to turn his hand to many things to make a living. It is probable that he carried lime, timber and bark up the bay to Melbourne. He picked up and provided accommodation to tourists when Dromanas pier was built, had a vineyard, and produced bricks. In about 1890, when the construction of St Marks Anglican Church was being organized Henrys son, Robert, donated 10 000 bricks.
Hopetoun House later became Merlyn Lodge guest house, which was being run by Mrs S.A.Adams in 1947. R.W. Adams was running a milk bar in 1950.
Two pioneer families linked to the Adams through marriage are the McGregor and Freeman families. Keith McGregor, who took over Jimmy Williams fish run from Rosebud West to Mornington, married Mabel Adams and later sold his run to Mabels brother, Bill. Another Adams girl married a Freeman according to Ray Cairns.


PATERSON ST 158 F12
CAIRNS ST 158 F12
JETTY RD 158 F12 (3 PIERS).
BUCHER PL. 158 E12
DURHAM PL 158 E12
WANNAEUE PL. 158 E12
McDOWELL ST 158 D12
HEAD ST 158 D12

MAPS 170-171.
SHANDS RD 171 K12
WHITES RD 171 G3
WILSON RD 171 G6
BARKERS RD 171 H 12
PURVES RD 171 E1
BALDRYS RD 171 E12
GREENS RD 171 E12
CAIRN (sic) RD. 170 K1-2
McLAREN CT 170 K4
BRITISH CAR THEME 170 J2
HOVE RD 170 G 3
SHERWOOD AVE 170 G7, FENTON AVE 170 G7

WOONTON CRES& ST 170 F3,G2.
I remember seeing the name, Woonton, in a list of early Mornington residents. The 1919-20 rate records show that James W. Woonton was leasing 152 acres from Edward Wilson. This land, which had recently been vacated by Ned Edmonds, was on the south side of Browns Rd, starting 340m east of Truemans Rd and continuing 940 m towards Boneo. The Sands and McDougall directory of 1950 lists James H.Woonton as a farmer of Boneo. De Garis bought Pottons farm but must have had trouble selling it quickly enough to pay his loans and committed suicide in 1927. Soon after, the depression of the 1930 and the Second World War would have made the chance of selling blocks even less likely. Perhaps the Woontons bought the land for a song shortly after 1950. As the east end of Woonton Cres extends into Crown allotment 19, owned by the Adams family of McCrae, it is likely that they had also unsuccessfully subdivided it or sold to De Garis.

POTTON AVE 170 F3.
Crown Allotment 18 of the parish of Wannaeue is bounded by: the highway, Jetty Rd, Bayview Rd and the line of Adams Ave. It was granted to G.Warren and consisted of 152 acres (and 56 perches that rate collectors never recorded.) It seems to have been leased to a Mr Parr in 1864 but Warren was assessed in 1865. Warren might have been a friend of the Rudducks from Dandenong and the father of Fred Warren who died early leaving his widow (nee Patterson of Fingal) running a store in Dromana for a living.
By 1900, ownership had passed to Mrs Thomas Bamford. The first page of the 1879 assessments is missing from the microfiche and as no property of that size is mentioned that cannot be located elsewhere, Mrs Bamford probably already owned it. Two acres at the FJs corner of Jetty Rd housed Jack Jones store by 1900, leaving 150 acres.
The Pottons bought the land in 1906, according to Peter Wilson in his On the Road to Rosebud, and in 1910, Mrs Potton of Brunswick was assessed on the 150 acres. By 1919, the 2 acre store site had been subdivided into five lots and the buildings, on one acre were owned by Talbot and occupied by Chiltern. Mrs P.J.Potton was now living on the farm and paying rates on three of the subdivided blocks as well as the 150 acres.
S.Potton fought in WW1. In 1950, Warwick A. Potton, carpenter was listed as a Rosebud resident. See the chapter in Peters book entitled Henry Pottons Farm.


NAVIGATOR THEME 170 F 4-5

OLD CAPE SCHANCK RD 170 F6& C11
GIPPS ST 170 E1
BARRY ST 170 E1
GRASSLANDS RD 170 E 11
BROWNS RD 170 D 11

WOOD ST 170 D 1.
I will use this entry to illustrate why I do not often quote sources for my information; to do so would probably double the length of what I write.
On page 52 of On the Road to Rosebud, Peter Wilson stated that in about 1946 Mr F.E.(Joe)Wood and Mr B.P.(Barney)Rogers, seeing that Rosebud needed a new hall, formed a local citizens committee, which conducted a carnival over the 1946-7 summer on the foreshore. In Rosebud: Flower of the Peninsula, Isobel Moresby informed us that Cr Wood was one of the owners of the historic McCrae Homestead after the Burrells.
LIME LAND LEISURE has a list of Flinders Shire councillors. Forest Edmond Wood was a councillor in 1942-3 and from 1945 to 1955. Without doubt Wood St was named after Joe.
BANKSIA PL. 170 C3, CLACTON DIVIDE 170 C2, THE LINK, LEA WAY 170 D2,
First to Ninth Ave were the north-south streets of the Clacton-on- Sea Estate. This estate, named after a coastal resort in Essex, 70 miles north east of London, was put on sale in 1908 and only a few blocks were sold despite later attempts to keep it in the public eye by offering blocks as prizes in radio competitions and raffles on the steamers. By the 1980s the Eastbourne Rd end was still a largely uninhabited wasteland and the council decided to do something about it, as described in On the Road to Rosebud. Closing of most of the avenues at Eastbourne Rd, and construction of internal link roads, was probably prompted by the imminent freeway.

FIRST-NINTH AVENUES.
This entry has been prompted by a history myth passed on to me at the football on 14-5-2011. As the teller knew a bit about Rosebuds history, I was fascinated, but I thought it strange that the tale had not been in Isobel Moresbys history of 1954 or Peter Wilsons books. Jim Dryden has lived in Rosebud since 1932 and confirmed that the story was rubbish.
During WW2 there was a huge tent city to house American soldiers and in the American fashion, the major north-south tracks dividing the area were given numbers as names.
Trove decisively confirmed Jims claim that the street names existed before the war. An advertisement (at the top of the last two columns of page 2 in the Argus of 30-1-1926) refers to blocks being sold in the Clacton-on-Sea estate facing Second Avenue.

ROSE AVE 170 B1
This street and Rosebrook St were probably one street in the subdivision of the Hindhope Estate in about 1920. Traffic management measures obviously led to the one-way section being renamed by dropping the second syllable.


HOPE ST 170 B2
As this was one of the streets in the Hindhope Estate (see Rose Ave entry), I would expect that a Mr Hope was one of the partners in the firm that subdivided it, with Mr Hind being another. Raymond and Alma Guest used a similar naming stategy for the naming of the ALMARAY ESTATE at Tootgarook in the 1950s.

ABORIGINAL THEME 170 B 2-3
MAPS 168-169
ROSEBUD WEST
MARKS AVE 169 K2
R.Marks was granted allotment 13 B of Wannaeue on the west corner of Boneo Rd and the road to Portsea. This consisted of 5 acres and from about 1920 was known as Martins Corner because of a shop built on it by a man of that name. The grant for the other 123 acres of allotment 13 was issued in the name of Benjamin and Co. Marks was obviously a partner in the company because he later had sole ownership of lot 13 whose boundaries are described in the Dalgleish St entry. Marks had a lime kiln that had been built by Edward Hobson before he sold the Tootgarook Run in 1850; it was located near the corner of Marks Ave and Whitehead Grove.


DALGLEISH ST 169 K2
Alexander Cairns was one of the three Cairns brothers who settled at Boneo.
Robert came first, in 1852, with Alex and David arriving two years later. Alex had married Janet Dalgleish in Scotland. David (born 1861) and William (b. 1864) leased and then bought allotment 13 Wannaeue, consisting of 128 acres and bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and a line just east of Miriam St. David built the limestone house, Elanora, that is now part of the hospital and was known as Elanora Davey. Dalgleish St was named after their mothers maiden name, which was also used as a given name for a sister and a brother.

CAIN ST 169 K4
HENRY WILSON DR. K7, THAMER ST 169 K8
JENNINGS CRT 169 K7
Robert came first, in 1852, with Alex and David arriving two years later. Alex had married Janet Dalgleish in Scotland. David (born 1861) and William (b. 1864) leased and then bought allotment 13 Wannaeue, consisting of 128 acres and bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and a line just east of Miriam St. David built the limestone house, Elanora, that is now part of the hospital and was known as Elanora Davey. Dalgleish St was named after their mothers maiden name, which was also used as a given name for a sister and a brother.
CAPEL AVE 169 H2.
This explanation of what I believe to be the origin of this street name will be complicated and long. On 29-8-1895, Alfred Julius Kaeppel of Murrumbeena.bought 10 acres in crown allotment 33A of section A in the parish of Wannaeue. This allotment was granted to Patrick Sullivan in 1874 and consisted of 148 acres. The Sullivans, like many others in the depression of the 1890s had been unable to make mortgage payments and had lost their land to financers. Another 10 acres had been sold to Navioga Gaudevia and 6 acres to William Heron, with 78 acres being occupied by John Pigdon. The Pigdon family, at that time, owned the historic Dunhelen property between Greenvale Reservoir and Dunhelen Lane.
In 1909, the man after whom Browns Rd was named arrived and bought a huge area of rabbit and ti tree infested land at very little cost; he tranformed it into the lush pasture we see today as we drive along Browns Rd. The assessments presented for the Flinders Shire councillors approval in September 1910 show that Patrick Sullivans son, James, had regained 100 acres of 31A and Brown had 35 acres. John L.Morae, a Rosebud farmer, had 10 ½ acres. The rate collector had accounted for all but 2 ½ acres of the land between land now occupied by The Dunes golf course and Peninsula Hot Springs. While James Sullivan was running the Gracefield Hotel (on the site of the present Rye hotel), Antonio Albress was running the Sullivan lime kiln on the remaining 100 acres.
Kaeppel had obviously sold his 10 acres, at a low price but for far more than his purchase price. It would be fair to assume that Kaeppel was a speculator and was keen to reinvest in the same area when the time was right. He had unusual Christian names. Alfred recalls the Saxon King killed by a Norman arrow in 1066 and Julius may have been intended to show the German link to the Heiliges Romisches Reich (Holy Roman Empire). Kaeppel seems to be a German name.
Thousands of Australians changed their surnames between 1910 and 1920, one of them being the popular publican at the Junction Hotel in Tullamarine. He anglicized his German surname because of a groundwell of hatred of all things German during World War 1, and local histories of almost any area could supply similar examples. I believe that Alfred Julius changed his surname to Capel, the C less German than K would have been.
Capel Avenue is on Crown Allotment 53 Wannaeue, between Mirriam Ave and Elizabeth Ave. In 1929 James Sloss bought land and built holiday bungalows to establish Leisureland. By the end of World War 2, a demand for land had arisen, similar to that after WW1 when Ewart Paul bought 4 acres of lot 53, and Leisureland was subdivided in about 1958, creating Capel Ave. Leisureland might have been subdivided by the son of Alfred Julius Kaepell.

CHATFIELD AVE 169 J2

WOYNA AVE 169F3.
The Woyna Estate was one of many subdivision started by 1920. It was probably based only on allotment 51 Wannaeue, bounded by the beach road, Truemans Rd, a line from Broadways west end to Orchid St, and Elizabeth Ave. The street was named after the estate. Some of the earlier purchasers are discussed in my Rosebud West. One of them, E.W.White was running the Mayville Guest House in 1950. The estate was probably a project of the Tootgarook Land Company, which owned 456 acres in allotment 51 and south to Hiscocks Rd, including the site of the Chinamans Creek Nature Reserve.
WATERBIRD THEME 169 K5, F5

TRUEMANS RD 169D5
This road was referred to as the government road between Rosebud and Rye when the Stenniken grant was advertised in 1920. (See TRUEMAN entry.)

BURDETT ST 169 D4
This was obviously another subdivision of land owned by the butchering business started by Henry William Wilson. Burdett was the maiden name of his wife, Thamer, and the second given name of his son, Godfrey. Godfrey Burdett Wilson had married Ben Stennikens daughter and may have been the buyer or seller in 1920. (See Truemans Rd.)

DOIG AVE 169 D6, RONALD ST 169 C5
Poultry farmer, Henry Doig bought part of the Trueman grant in 1939, probably the 56 acres farmed by William Trueman and his son Fred. Ronald St is named after his son.
(See DOIG and TRUEMAN entries.)

GUEST ST, ALMA ST, RUSSELL ST, RAYMOND ST, JOHN ST, VINCENT ST 169 D5-6
Hairdresser, Raymond Guest bought part of the Trueman grant in 1948, most likely the 56 acres farmed by Thomas Trueman, He died in 1925 and I believe the property passed to his wife Matilda briefly and then to a daughter of one of Thomass sisters (Mrs Libbis). I think that it was part of her husbands estate in 1945, and after she had finished her duties as executrix, she sold the land to Raymond.
Alma was Raymonds wife and the other streets are named after their sons.
WOODTHORPE AVE, FIELDING RD 169 H3.
These streets were in the Woodthorpe Estate.It may have encompassed all the land between the subdivision of Slosss Leisureland (based on Capel Ave) and Elizabeth Drive. Edward Fielding purchased about 5 acres, probably in the 1920s. After he sold the land, it was subdivided and Fielding St was made and named. Edward Fielding was an indent agent who lived in East Malvern and had an office in Flinders Lane. He imported fabric, which was used for Holland blinds and furniture. He had one son, Edward, and a daughter. His grandson, alsoTed, supplied this information.
HISCOCK RD 169 E7
MARSHALL RD 168 K4
FIELD ST 169 A 6
Samuel Field was granted crown allotment Wannaeue on 10-11-1880.Consisting of almost 106 acres, this land now houses Moonah Links and The Cups Vineyard down to the southern boundary of the latter. In 1875, Samuel was assessed on 124 acres in Wanneue. The only allotment that makes sense is 13A bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and the western end of Whyte St, and consisting of 123 acres and 13 perches. I would be amazed if Samuel was not engaged in producing lime, like his later neighbours, Page, White and Sullivan. When he obtained his grant, he probably quarried limestone on it to supply Patrick Sullivans kiln near the east boundary of The Dunes links, as LIME LAND LEISURE does not mention him having a kiln. Allotment 13A had a kiln near Marks Ave built by Edward Hobson and later Marks, James Ford and George Hill, so Samuel would have been able to burn his own lime. Also, the lime could be loaded, a stones throw away, onto limecraft, which were sailed in at high tide and propped up on the extensive sandbanks.
GOVERNMENT RD 168 J5
This road was the boundary between the parishes of Wannaeue and Nepean. It is shown on the parish map as running to Browns Rd. A 1954 map confirms that it was called Jennings Rd at that time. Surveyors never drew crooked lines in parish maps and many of their government roads were later deviated around sections of their course that were made impractical for wheeled transport by the terrain. Weeroona St is such a deviation.
WEEROONA ST, HYGIEA ST, OZONE ST 168 H5
These were named afterthe most famous of the Bay steamers that made the Peninsula a tourist destination before and after the 1880s when Edward Williams opened a road around Anthonys Nose. It was only after the road around the rockswas improved by Allnut in the 1920s, and cars became more common, that the steamer trade declined. Most of the passengers stayed in guest houses, some of which continued past the days of the steamers, (See ACCOMMODATION entry.) The Clemengers had tented accommodation on Parkmore for steamer passengers who would have had trouble bringing a tent, unlike motoring tourists who popularized foreshore camping.
WEIR ST 168 G5
GRACE ST 168 G4
HUNT AVE 168 G4



GOLF PDE, GOLF LANE 168 G6, McDONALD RD. 168 H7 PRENTICE AVE 168 F7
On 18-5-1869, F.McDonald received the grant for suburban allotment 2 of Rye Township consisting of just under 33 .5 acres. Its northern boundary was the beach road and it included Whitecliffs Rd and Minnimurra Rd, with its south west corner being the end of Weatherly Court (168 C5). Suburban lots 10,11 and 12 were east of Dundas St, south to about the Golf Pde corner and east to Valley Drive. W.A.Blair bought these allotments from the Crown, a total of 201 acres, as well as allotment 3 (containing the R.J.Rowley Reserve), 9 and 15 (another 105 acres) along Melbourne Rd. (Plus allotments 4,20 and 21 Nepean (376 acres) south to Browns Rd.)
Following Blairs death, it took some time to unravel his financial affairs because of his vast land holdings near Rye, between Truemans and Boneo Rds and near Main Ridge. By 1920, the Tootgarook Land Company had bought his Rosebud West land
and subdivided the Woyna Estate (including Woyna Ave.) It was probably at about that time that the McDonald family bought lots 10,11 and 12.
Ray Cairns was born in 1910 and was probably playing cricket for Boneo by 1925. He remembers playing against Rye on the grassy area near the pier where Australia Day is celebrated. Later Ryes home ground was for a while on McDonalds farm south of the cemetery. Ray also recalls playing on the golf course that Jack and Max McDonald constructed. (TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb.)
This course was quite big and must have been in use until about 1960 as a fellow Rye Historical Society member in his 70s remembered playing there.
Between Weir St and Government Rd were allotments 1,2 and 3 of the parish of Nepean, granted to James Purves of the Tootgarook station across Government Rd. By 1900 George Baker, who had bought the present post office site and other lots on section 7 west of Weir St, had bought 67 acres of lots 1 and 2 Nepean. George had died and his executors were assessed on the land. Allotment 3 was probably sold at the same time and later added to old McDonalds farm; McDonald Rd is on crown allotment 3, Nepean.
W.E.Prentice was the selling agent for the Rye-Lands Estate, the former Rye Golf Links, in 1954 and Max was probably running the sales office at the (then) end of Lyon St. Prentice Ave is on the former golf course. (See McDONALD entry.)

NELSON ST , NAPIER ST COLLINGWOOD ST BOWEN ST LYONS ST 168 F4
It is likely that these street names were designated when the township was surveyed. Everyone knows about Horatio Nelson, the Admiral famous for his victory in the Battle of Trafalgar. Napier was an army commander famous for the relief of Lucknow in India.
Now its your turn to supply some information. Who was Tony Shaws vice captain when Collingwood won the premiership in 1990? The reason that I asked was to make you realize that the second in command often misses out on the recognition he deserves.
Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood seemed to spend much of his career taking commands from which Nelson had just been promoted. He assumed command when Nelson was killed at Trafalgar and had a glorious career marked by his bravery. He died of cancer in 1810.
Bowen of course was involved very early in the exploration of Port Phillip Bay. It is likely that Lyons was Chief Secretary (premier) when the town was surveyed.


DUNDAS ST 168 F6
The Dundas name was associated with two areas in the 1800s to my knowledge. One family had a factory on the Swamp Rd (Dynon Rd) between Footscray (Kensington) Rd and the river. (EARLY LANDOWNERS IN THE PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA by Ray Gibb.) The other family was in South Melbourne and associated with the bakery trade. (Dundas St Sth Melb) Most Township street names honoured Chief Ministers (Premiers) and war heroes; my knowledge of the chief ministers is limited but I think that the South Melbourne baker might have been in parliament. The descendant of the Kensington Clan who was put onto me for information would have mentioned political involvement if there had been any.
Dundas St was apparently established by Rye pioneers going to the back beach and returning with plunder. On Page 32 of RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, Patricia Appleford states that Dundas St was originally called Browns Rd; this claim is confirmed by a plan in an advertisement for the Rye-Lands Estate in 1945. (See McDONALD entry.)

SINCLAIR AVE 168 E5
P.S.Sinclair was granted allotments 4, 6, 7, 8 and 12 of section 7 in Rye Township. As the name Sinclair does not appear in the index that I made for Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School 1667, I doubt that he was ever a resident of the township. Section 7 was sold in 1872, and was bounded by the beach road, Lyons St, the line of Ballabil St and Weir St. G.Baker bought lots 1, 2, 3 and 6 extending 180 metres east from Lyons St and the same distance south in Lyons St. Lots 9 and 10 were granted to G. Ellis. Lot 11, an original school site was across Lyons St from the cemetery. I have come across the names of Baker and Ellis in the history of the area. There is a Sinclair St in Somerville, probably from a subdivision in the 1920s, but the name of Sinclair does not rate one mention in Leila Shaws excellent history of the area, The Way We Were. This leads me to believe that the family was involved in land speculation from early times.
A subsequent search in rate records revealed that he had the five allotments until 1882, in which year he seems to have acquired another two lots, giving him 7 acres. His occupation was given as contractor but no address was recorded. Thereafter, his name is absent from assessments and he did not seem to have been leasing his land to anybody. He seems to have sold his land to Harry Horniman, the teacher at Rye.
A continuing connection with Rye is suggested by the burial at Rye Cemetery of
Arthur G.Sinclair in 1983 at the age of 70 and also Colin Sinclair.

MAORI ST 168 E4
WHITE CLIFFS RD 168 C4
CAIN RD 168 C4
NEVILLE DR 168 B4
Michael Cains wife was a Neville. She and Michael spent time in Gippsland and Adelaide after their marriage; the daughter born at the latter place married Hill Harry Cairns. Each of Hill Harrys three children, all boys, spent their first ten days at Grandma Nevilles place in South Melbourne before travelling by bay steamer to Dromana from where Henry drove them to Maroolaba in Fingal. Thus the Neville family of South Melbourne had links with two pioneering peninsula families and probably had quite a deal to do with ensuring that their offspring were born in near proximity to medical attention; the lack of this resulted in far too many deaths of both mother and child in those days. More details in TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb (available at Rye Museum.)
MICHAEL ST 168 A5
It could be said with fair certainty that this street was named after Michael Cain.
GOLF THEME 168 A5-6
FRANCIS ST 168 B9
MAPS 166-167

TYRONE AVE 167 K3
MURRAY ST 167 J4
Anne Murray, possibly the daughter of Margaret Murray, teacher at Dromana Common School from November 1869 to at least 1873, married Owen Cains first son, Joseph, who seemed to have been a resident of Dromana and, like Robert Rowley senior, made his wages there on the bay, which claimed his life in middle age. See FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry.
CANTERBURY JETTY RD 167 H7
FORD ST 167 J3
KILLARNEY ST 167 J2
PACIFIC/SHIP THEME 167 J 2-4
PEARSE RD 167 F6
REVELL ST 167 F3
(Source: Steve Watson, who is not related to the pioneering fishermen.)
This street is named after Harold Revell, who moved to the area in his retirement in 1948. When he was a young man, Harold lived in Poowong and was delivering mail on horseback for his parents who were running the post office there in 1903. Later the family moved to Port Fairy where his mother was the Mayor and Harold worked, until his retirement, as an accountant. The Watson family lived in the area and supplied Harolds daughter, Ilo Beth, with a husband and Steve was their child. Upon his retirement, Harold moved to Northcote where he served for some years as President of the V.F.A. club, Northcote, at whose ground the champion aboriginal footballer, Doug Nicholls, was the secretary and administrator; he was later knighted and became Governor of South Australia.
Steve Watson recalls rabbiting along St Johns Wood Rd during his holidays on Harolds property. Harold bought a 1948 M.G. saloon at about the time he settled in Blairgowrie. Its registration number was PF1948 and Harold used to say that PF stood for Port Fairy. He had a mongrel dog called Tiger that would move into the drivers seat as soon as Harold got out of the car. He was a regular at the Rye and Koonya hotels and Dorothy Houghton, who ran the latter, claimed that the dog used to drive him home.

WILSON RD, GODFREY ST 167 F2, COUTTS CT 167 D2 BENJAMIN PDE 167 E2
The first butchers in Dromana were the McLear brothers. They soon decided to concentrate on other occupations; John took up fishing and George carted timber to Peter Pidotas boat at Sheepwash Creeks mouth (for the construction of piers around the bay) and horse breeding.
Henry William Wilson, a former bullocky, decided to fill the void and did his early slaughtering on the McLear farm Maryfield until he bought a 45 acre block (the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground of 1927 pictured on page 172 of DREAMTIME OF DROMANA). Henry then opened a shop in Sorrento on the advice of George Coppin and probably put Edward Williams out of business, forcing his relocation from his Browns Rd farm just east of Truemans Rd to Eastbourne (Village Glen site). When his son Godfrey took over, the business boomed and much land was needed for grazing. Land was bought at Safety Beach (Coutts St etc) and all over to service their many shops and a more central slaughteryard was established near Dr Blairs Blairgowrie. Godfreys sons, Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson and Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph Wilson must have hated forms that required them to write their names in full!
The abbatoir land was subdivided when a new one was established in Shergolds Lane at Dromana. The above names plus Thamer and Burdett (from Henrys wife) are indications of subdivisions of former Wilson land.

FAWKNER AVE 167 D2
John Fawkner and his parents and William Buckley could justly claim to be the first permanent settlers of Victoria. It was not the Fawkners fault that the lazy David Collins relocated them from Sullivans Bay to Hobart instead of finding the Freshwater (Yarra) River that Grimes had already explored. Johns father, a silversmith, had been transported for stealing and his mother Hannah (nee Pascoe) did a sterling job bringing up the 12 year old boy among the dregs of humanity to be a literate, hard-working man. On his mothers death, John became John Pascoe Fawkner as a token of respect. I was delighted to have Hannah Pascoe Drive in Gowenbrae named in her honour. Another claim that J.P.Fawkner could make is that he was light years ahead of the government in establishing Closer Settlement. He did it circa 1850 and the government did not finally get it right until the Act of 1904. Fawkners father leased his sons Belle Vue at Pascoeville for a while; this farm featured oak trees, one of which survives, prompting a later owner, flour miller Hutchinson, to rename it Oak Park. The strange thing is that Fawkner never lived in Fawkner, his square mile grant, west of the cemetery was called Box Forest and has been renamed after Cr Rupert Hadfield.

McFARLAN AVE 167 D2
Take a drive to the Sorrento Footy Ground and read the history board about David McFarlan. While youre there have a look at the Sorrento tramway station on the hill above the pier and its terrific history boards and the museum at the Melbourne Rd roundabout. The Op Shop at the roundabout is worth a look too.
LIME LAND LEISURE has much detail about this pioneer as does Jennifer Nixons FAMILY, CONNECTIONS ETC on page 92.

DANA AVE 167 D5
Captain Dana headed the native police. There were many paddocks for grazing their horses, such as Churchill National Park at the end of Police Rd near Dandenong. There was a plan to build a fence From White Cliff to the back beach to protect grazing for police horses and it was opposed by James Ford and James Purves who wanted to continue fattening their bullocks west of that line. It was found that many who signed their petition actually wanted the fence. (See ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.)
BLAIRGOWRIE AVE 167 D1
STRINGER RD 167 C1.


MAPS 156 AND 157.
FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO and PORTSEA is a history of this area.

Written by Jennifer Nixon and published in 2003, this book details the Skelton family and other families connected by marriage as well as general history. It lacks an index but I have produced one, which indicates people mentioned but only listing page numbers of first and major coverage.
Not all streets listed below are in Sorrento and Portsea and not all streets (possibly) named after those in my index are listed below but there seem to be many streets this side of Frankston whose names may be linked to those mentioned in Jennifers book. My index can be found at the start of the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry.
As Jennifers book is available for borrowing, each street name is followed only by its Melway reference, and the page(s) on which that family is mentioned in Jennifers history. (P=PORTSEA, S=SORRENTO, BG= BLAIRGOWRIE, R=RYE.) There could be more details later (or earlier) regarding some of the street names.
SKELTON PL S 157 B8 - THROUGHOUT
TAYTON PL S 157A7 - P iii
CLARK CR S 157 C9 - 8, 11, 12-25
NEWTON AV S 157 B8 -8, 11,42-8, 92 (Formerly Cain St-page 49.)
WHITES WAY S 156 K7 -8
WATTS RD S 157 B7 -11, 29-36,56
MORCE AV S 157 A7 -11, 37-8,83, 122
DARK PDE S 157 B9 -11,69-70,76-9,92
KEATING AV S 157 D12 -12, 16-17
LEONARD CRES S 157 A6 -12
MORGAN ST S 157 B7 -12, 19-23
HUGHES RD S 157 F 12 -25,109
EVANS ST R 168 A8 -29
SULLIVAN ST S 156 K9 -90
FARNSWORTH AV P 156 B 4 &5 -42,79-80
KNIGHT BG 167 F4 -42
COKER CR P 156 D2 -49,52-3
FIELD ST R 168 J5 -50
HILL ST S 157 C9 -56
ERLANDSEN S 157 D9 -56
SPUNNER CT S 156 K7 -75
LENTELL AV S 157 A5 -81-2
STRINGER RD BG 157 G 12 -86-9
GRACE ST R 168 G4 -90 This could be named after William Grace or Grace Sullivan.
RUSSELL CR S 157 B 10 -92
McFARLAN ST BG 157 G12 -92
CROAD ST S 156 J6 -76
WILLIAMSON ST TOOTGAROOK 169 A5 -112
KEMP RD P 156 K4 -125
WATSON RD S 157 A9 92
WILSON RD BG 167 F2 -94-5








HUGHES RD 157 F12
COLLINS PDE 157 E10
CALCUTTA ST 157 E10
KINNEIL ST 157 D9
ERLANDSEN AV 157 D9
HILL ST, CLARK CRES, CORSAIR GROVE , WEBSTER ST, RUSSELL CRES 157 C10
WILLIAM BUCKLEY WAY 157 C12
KING ST 157 B11
BOWEN RD 157 B9
DARK PDE 157 B9
HISKENS 157 B8
COPPIN RD 157 A9
CONSTITUTION HILL RD157 B8
HAYES AVE 157 B8
KERFERD RD, DARLING RD 157 A8
SKELTON PL. 157 B8, WATTS RD 157 B7.
WHITES WAY 156 K7, SPUNNER CT. 156 K7.
SULLIVAN ST 156 K9.
CROAD ST 156 J6
DURHAM PL. 156 H8.
STONECUTTERS RD 156 H6
LIMEBURNERS WAY 156 H4.
DUFFY ST 156 H5
CAMPBELL RD 156 H5
WATTLE GR. 156 G 3,5.
FRANKLIN RD 156 F5
WEIR CT 156 F3
BLAIR CT & RD. 156 E3.
FARNSWORTH AV. 156 E4
LATROBE AVE 156 E5
LATHAM DR. 156 D5.
BASS RD 156 C5.
WEEROONA AVE 156 D2
MAPS 251 AND 252.
Somebody wanted to seize a (Caesar) chance to display knowledge of Roman history. Okay, I hear you; one more pun and Im history! 251 J5.

BOAGS ROCKS 252 A11.
It looks as if the interests of the Boag family extended beyond the guest house at Dromana.

LIMESTONE RD 252 A 3.
Limestone Rd was the southern boundary of the parish of Wannaeue, which continued West to the eastern boundary of The Dunes Golf Course (which indicates the boundary between Wannaeue and the parish of Nepean.)
Patrick Sullivan had a lime kiln between The Dunes and Foam Rd. On his death, its operation was taken over by his son, James, but it was managed by Antonio Albress (who had land across Browns Rd from the Moonah Links frontage.) Albress obviously pronounced his name with an accent because oldtimers thought it was Albas. (Hollinshead thought he was Tony Salvas!) It was at Sullivans kiln that William Webster was nearly burnt to death. He either was having a snooze inside when it was lit or fell in while loading it from the top.
North of Sullivan, across Browns Rd, was W. A.Blair (the daddy of them all), and Nathan Page, and to the east were Page, George White, Sam Field, Jenner and Spunner, all having received grants in Wannaeue. Earlier they operated under special licences. It is likely that limestone was easy to obtain here, but it would have been difficult to transport it to the bay from where it was taken by limecraft to Melbourne. If you want an idea what roads were like, try riding a bike on Old Cape Schanck Road south of Browns Rd!

MAP 253
MAXWELLS RD 253 A6.
PATTERSON RD 253 D10


TYABB and SOMERVILLE.
On page 278 of THE WAY WE WERE, Leila Shaw listed 33 streets whose names recall the areas heritage.
To that list, I add the following:
BLACKS CAMP RD 148 D2 This probably led to the lagoon where the bank teller and George Gomm carried out the required quarterly testing of the banks pistols as related on page 202. The Bunerung obviously camped at this lagoon as they traveled between the two bays.
CRAIG AVE 148 G11 William Craig received the Crown Grant of allotment 27 in the parish of Tyabb. This was between Bungower Rd and Watsons Creek as shown in Leilas map on page 6 (about 149 G2-3 in Melway). The family is mentioned several times in the book.
APPLEWOOD RISE 148 H3 Apples were probably the main crop of the famed orchards in the district.
FRUITGROWERS RESERVE 148 E1 Purchased from Henry Gomm, this 6 acre site was the venue of what was described as the biggest show of its type in the Southern Hemisphere. The Somerville Fruitgrowers and Horticulturists Association conducted this show in about March every year from 1895 to 1939, when the war caused its demise. It attracted such crowds that a special train traveled from Melbourne. From 1940, Ghymkhanas were held to raise funds for the Red Cross (averaging 250 pounds, a huge sum in those days) until a bushfire destroyed the pavilion in 1944.
FIRTH RD 147 J1 Although officially residents of Moorooduc, this family was much involved in the affairs of Somerville.
UNTHANKS BUSHLAND RESERVE 107 B12. See page 100 and throughout the book.
ORCHARD CT 107 H12 Although farmers engaged in subsistence farming in regard to dairy, poultry, vegetables and so on, the prevailing land use of the area was orchards and tree nurseries.
BARBER RESERVE 107 G12 See page 281 for one mention of these early pioneers.
TWO BAYS RD 106 B7 See page 99 about the Two Bays Nursery and Orchard Companys 400 acre property at the corner of Jones and Bungower Rds.

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 5 months ago

HISTORICAL HOWLERS in the area north west of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Histories about the area near Tullamarine have featured several howlers because of: vague locality names in the early days, municipal historians confining their research to their own municipality's rate books, and time limits preventing the development of a vast network of family historians/ descendants to check assumptions.
The description Moonee Moonee Chain of ponds, shortened to Moonee Moonee Ponds and later to Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the whole length of the Moonee Ponds Creek, not the present suburb of Moonee Ponds.
In "The Stopover that Stayed", a history of ESSENDON by Grant Aldous, a terrific description was given of a farm in the Shire of BROADMEADOWS, John Cochrane's "Glenroy Farm" at "Moonee Ponds. This farm was of course at Glenroy, nowhere near the suburb of Moonee Ponds.
In "The Gold The Blue", A.D.Pyke's wonderful history of Lowther Hall at Essendon, Pyke mentioned Peter McCracken farming "Stewarton" at Moonee Ponds. It was only when researching Broadmeadows Shire rates that I discovered that John Cock moved onto "Stewarton" in 1892 and, that soon after, it was renamed as "Gladstone". This farm was section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine, the northern 777 acres of the present suburb of Gladstone Park.It was bought from the Crown on Niel Black's behalf by George Russell. Black, after whom a street in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) was named, represented a syndicate which included Stewart and Gladstone; the syndicate's land in the Western District was also called Stewarton. Gladstone was a cousin of the British Prime Minister.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon stated that McIntosh had left the district because his name had disappeared from the Broadmeadows Shire ratebooks.That worthy pioneer had merely moved a stone's throw to the west into the Shire of Bulla. Andrew Lemon made another wrong assumption ; he thought that the James Robertson who settled at Gowrie Park (north of J.P.Fawkner's Box Forest, now known as Hadfield after Cr Rupert Hadfield) was a Keilor farmer. Poor Andrew did not have the help of the wonderful Deidre Farfor as I did! The three different James Robertson families and their properties will be the subject of another journal.
Here's an assumption of mine. If I'm wrong, perhaps somebody will let me know. Joseph Raleigh established Raleigh's Punt at Maribyrnong in 1850. ("Maribyrnong:Action in Tranquility".)A few years earlier, he was recorded at living at Mona Vale. I have a feeling that Mona Vale was Westmeadows. When Broadmeadows Township's Church of England was built in 1850, it doubled as a school but as an early (1969?) Westmeadows State School history stated, school was earlier conducted on Mr Raleigh's property and of course the township's main east-west street was called Raleigh St.

HISTORY DISAPPEARS TODAY IN ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

Today, Thursday, 1-12-2011, the huge pine trees were cut down at 858 Pt Nepean Rd, Rosebud. Who planted them is unclear, but it was possibly George Fountain, who at one time owned number 858 and 854. The pines were planted on both blocks and George, a plumber who was the last Mayor of the Borough of North Melbourne before it merged with the City of Melbourne, called his holiday residence "The Pines".
The house at number 858, possibly built by William John Ferrier (subject of another journal), the nationally famous hero of the La Bella tragedy at Warrnambool in 1905, was probably occupied by George until a newer house was built on number 854. Ferrier's block was then sold to the Archers, who were keen recreational fishermen.
I took a mobile phone photo of the two pines, from which most of the branches had been lopped. Hopefully MUZZA OF McCRAE took a photo of these two very old trees with their clothes on and will be able to post it with his other great photos of historical interest.