itellya on Family Tree Circles

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RHYMES OF OLD TIMES (1), MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

I don't believe in repeating history that's already been written but basically that's what I did in "Canterbury Tales" (okay I copied the title too!) These first two poems were written two weeks after I started researching Peninsula history; I don't mess around!


`GET TO THE POINT AUGUST 2010.

Two creeks joined before they could reach
The breaking waves at Safety Beach:
One is named after Henry Dunn
Who lived on the Survey until 1851.


The creek near Mt. Martha named after Tassell
Now involved in developer financial hassle:
George Peatey was nearby in '59, (160,G/4)
Then owned 100 acres where they now make wine.(160, K/6)


Hume made pipes locally before work was begun
That brought water from Dromana Basin in 1941.
Their aim was as mine; get to the Point-
Past Rosebud and Rye, seal every joint.


Rudduck and Karadoc both mean red breast;
By Nelson's generosity I'm really impressed:
For the church at Rosebud his help was at hand;
For Dromana's hospital he offered more land.


Sarah Ann Cain, lost for four days and five nights
Round mid 1840's, poor little mite.
But rescuers found her; the near dead tot they took
To George Smith's nearby Wooloowoolooboolook. (259,E/4)


Arthurs Seat homestead and schoolhouse by Tuck,
Georgiana's diary, which we still have by luck;
Frenetic efforts by Spencer Jackson
To make Dromana and its mount a tourist attraction.


Boniyong, a run settled by Meyrick
(The spelling of both has changed just a skerrick);
The Cairns family came in 1852;
Some moved to Cape Schanck, Rosebud and further west too.


In foul weather, Vine Bucher and Lacco took a brave stance;
Joe Peters, black fiddler, played music to dance.
These fishers, Cain and Stenniken's craft on the bay
Carrying lime, timber and fish away.




When Owen Cain came, they were fairly alone;
Then he built a fine house by the name of Tyrone,
And the family continued burning the lime:
Cains number one for Rye and the Buds at this time!(2010!)



Dod Jennings played for the Pivot, then tried Camperdown.
Boy if he lost his hat he would frown!
After waiting at Anthonys Nose for the sea to subside
They reached Kariah, fifty years to reside.



Robert Rowley was at the heads, Ford and Sullivan too;
Bullocks, veg and limeburning the things they would do.
John Watts proposed to Jane Skelton when she was one more than five;
Jumped ship (Dromana in a tub) worked lime, wed her in 1865.


Rob Rowley and Clarrie Jennings led Rye Footy Club!
Ford and Purves' petition got a snub:
Stop the fence from White Cliff to the surf
Blast police horses-for our bullocks the turf!




NOTES ABOUT GET TO THE POINT
SOURCES:
A. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA Colin McLear
B. ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD Peter Wilson
C.RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 Patricia Appleford
D.JENNINGS: A PIONEERING RYE FAMILY Linda Berndt SOUTHERN PENINSULA NEWS 17-7-2010 P20
E.THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN Betty McMeekin
F. MPNFL RECORD TEAMLISTS
G. THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO Peter Wilson.

Numbers relate to verses and letters to sources:
1 a 2a 3b 4ab 5a 6a 7g 8bc 9 cf 10d 11e 12 cb.
Safety Beach was part of Jamieson's Special Survey which went east to Bulldog Creek Rd (161,K/3)
Henry Dunn was there 1846-1851and was followed by Brown-Lee, Marshall and Cottier in 1851, joined by Tassel, Peatey, Griffith/Eatons (1860) Paterson/McLear(1861) and Connell.Cottier soon bought 282 acres bounded by the present Jetty Rd. and Lombardy St. and later built the original Rye
Hotel with John Campbell.
Walter Gibson took over many of their leases as well as buying Cottier's 282 acres between Palmerston Ave and Boundary Rd. He rerouted the last mile of Dunns Creek which originally flowed into the creek in which he washed his sheep. Peatey's 100 acres is now occupied byDromana Estate Winery.
Nelson Rudduck was a leader of the community. The Methodist Church on the Rosebud foreshore became redundant when the United Church was formed and is now a medical centre. The hopital at Dromana was on part of his property, Karadoc between the highway, Williams St. and Spencer Ave the last street probably being named after Spencer Jackson.
Henry Tuck built the homestead and schoolroom and his son,whose poetry is available at the museum at Sorrento, was born there.
David Cairns settled near Cape Schanck in 1888 and Cairns Bay ( 38 degrees 29 minutes south, 144degrees 57 minutes east ) was named after him according to Eric Bird's website on place names on the coast of Victoria. He also lists Rowley Cove, between Gunnamatta (aboriginal term for sandhills) and Cape Schanck,(38 d 29m south, 144d 53m e).
The Portugese imported African slaves to the Cape Verde Islands. Two descendants of these slaves were involved in our history, Joe Peters at Rosebud and Emanuel De Santo at Rye (Rye P.S. 1667 P117, 121).
Owen Cain,Sullivan and his son-in-law Ford, Skelton,Robert Rowley and his widowed mother-now Mrs Kenyon,and their families would have been, for years,the only residents between the heads and the Tootgarook Run occupied by Edward Hobson and then James Purves.
Michael Cain is No 1 for Rosebud, and Ben Cain wears the same number for Rye.Sorrento's No 1
is Brendan Cairns and other pioneering names listed in Nepean League are Kenyon,Stringer, Eaton, Caldwell,Appleford, Jennings, Dunn,Page and Baxter.
At Anthony's Nose a traveller had two choices: wait for low tide and go along the packed sand or climb Arthurs Seat, from what is now the base of Foote St, on the road to Cape Schanck.
Purves and Ford ,who had 800 bullocks between them,knew that fencing off tharea west of the white cliff would deny them free grazing. They had gone to all their employees and neighbours, most of them lime burners, struggling farmers or in some way obligated to Purves and Ford, to gain their support. An official was sent from the Quarantine Station to speak to the petitioners and found that many of them actually wanted the fence (which was never built anyway.)



ALONG THE BACK TRACK C.1860 AUGUST 2010
Charles Graves (back from Melbourne with goods
To hawk to those further west near she-oak woods)
With Bill, the 22 year old son of his partner, Widow McLear,
Left Bill at The Willow; his helper now Godfrey in his tenth year.

The son of Henry Wingy Wilson, named for a crushed hand,
A bullocky living on the eastern end of Jamieson's Survey land.
To the north, over yankee Griffith's maize, Charles saw
Big Clarke's wedding present to his son-in-law.

To the left, young Godfrey saw Cottier's hut coming nigh
Now housing a hotel which Cutter called the Rye.
Look, said Charles, Pidota and Rowley do it tough;
The bay at the moment is looking quite rough!

When they reached The Rocks, Graves headed back
To climb Arthurs Seat on the Cape Schanck track.
We'll never get through that surf alive
And I'll not wait asleep like Meyrick in 1845!

As they climbed with Gracefield on their left
Charles exclaimed, There's a vine up in the cleft!
Do you mean the Swamp Village's Fred the Greek?
Young Wilson asked with tongue in cheek.

So they climbed through Burrell's 12 500 acres,
Dragging logs on downhill slopes as brakers,
Past the back road to Purves' Tootgarook.
Soon, blonde Cairns on their right, left Wooloowoolooboolook.

At the next crossroad right turn and then left;
Graves' handling of the drapery laden cart was deft.
Godfrey saw the smoke, sobbed Cometh my time!
Don't panic lad; they're just burning lime.

We started in Kangerong,
Through Wannaeue travelled along
Features and people of history seein'.
Now we stop as we reach Nepean.

As they turned back to Kangerong
A well-known man came riding strong,
(With five year old Maria), running late.
Godfrey wed Maria in 1878.




NOTES FOR ALONG THE BACK TRACK.

1 Henry Wilson's accident probably happened after Godfrey's marriage but I just had to use
Wingy.
2. The well-known man in verse 9 was Stenniken who lived at Rye but had some land at Melway 151, D/10 near Wilson's 125 acres.
3. The Griffith and Eaton families came from America. W.J.T.Clarke gave the northern part of the Survey, including Wilson's 125 acre lease, to his son-in-law, Bruce. (Bruce Rd.) Big Clarke's land was south of that owned by the family of another son-in-law, Hearn. Clarke's life ended at Hearn's Roseneath in Essendon which was later owned by William Salmon.(28, G/1)
4. Cottier took the name and the licence to White Cliff when he and John Campbell built a hotel there.
5. Peter Pidota was an early fisherman, loading and unloading with the help of Rowley, near Sheepwash Creek.
6. THE ROCKS was an early name for Anthony's Nose. The Cape Schanck track started where Latrobe Pde does today. The name change to Bayview Rd was probably driven by developers wanting to promote the spectacular views.
7. Meyrick fell asleep while waiting for low tide as he made his way to Boneo in 1845.
8. William Grace planted grapes in a hollow in the mountain slope of Gracefield. One of the Sullivans married one of his daughters. He built the Gracefield Hotel which was demolished by the Hunts circa 1927 so they could build the present Rye Hotel. Cottier's hotel was further east.
9. Fred Vine, whose children were possibly sailed to the Dromana School until the Rosebud one opened much later.
10. The Burrells took over the Arthurs Seat Run following the McCraes' departure in 1851.
11. This method of making a safe descent was used well into the 1920's.
12. Hiscock Road, now closed, is shown between Colchester Rd and the street named after the successful butcher known to you as WINGY.
13. The break in Browns Rd at Truemans Rd.
14. Three parish names.

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES (2), MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

EARLY FISHERMEN XXXXXXXX AUGUST 2010

Before Coppin's town e'er saw a funnel
Men fished the Sorrento Channel:
At Portsea Jack Inglis, before the Watsons, led the way;
When they came he left for Queenscliff across the bay.

Henry and John came in '60, Alex in '62.
Sons of a Banff fisherman, who left the diggings for a trade they knew
And set up at Pt. Franklin to start their piscatorial labour;
Dennis McGrath's cottage housed their only neighbour.

Near The Sisters Scott, Holley, Watts and Stonner the Dane
Caught boatloads of fish time and time again,
With the help of a lookout and signals for detail:
Not getting them to markets fresh the reason they'd fail.

John Watson who'd used a lookout in the first place
Moved in 1873 to the group's West Sister base.
Hutchins came in the 80's, Erlandsen at decade's end.
For near a century Watsons plied the trade they kenned.

Ferrier, Freeman, Bucher by fishing earned a quid
At Rosebud: on the bowls club site Chinese sold their squid.
Lacco whose sons built boats, Jamieson the whaler, Fred the Greek
And Peatey, near whose block runs a drain once called Peatey's Creek.

At Dromana- Pidota,Vine, John McLear, Harry Copp;
Jonah Griffith fished and grew his maize crop.
Jimmy Williams and Harry Cairns transported the catch
To Mornington railhead, timetables to match.

At Flinders there were first fishermen Oriental;
Their dumping at Westernport perhaps instrumental.
Did they think the diggings too far away
And stay in the area to catch squid and cray?

Then Chidgey, Sidella and Mannix from Queenscliff came
And Johansen, Lucas and Kennon, whose Cove keeps his name.


CARRIERS

Peter Pidota had a craft to fish
But hed carry anything youd wish.
Like wood from up near Dromanas peak,
Loading near the mouth of Sheepwash Creek.

Walter Gibson carried mail to the Schanck
Jimmy Williams and Harry Cairns cargo stank,
But their passengers told them, Thanks,
Better than the pony owned by Shanks!

Jimmy sold to Keith McGregor who ran a Ford T van
To Melbourne, which they wanted to ban;
Thats when Spencer Jackson came to the fore.
Later Keith sold to Bill Adams, his Brother-in-law.

You cant carry horses, at least not very far
So the Pattersons drove Purves horses to Kirks Bazaar.
Blacks Camp Davey drove a cart for Benjie Shaw, draper,
Before Shaw turned to the guest house caper.

William Cottier liked to pull beers
But also pulled timber for building piers.
Wingy Wilson the bullocky and John Dysons cart;
Big businesses grew from humble start.

The Jennings delivered milk from house to house;
They worked early so the milk was cool and grouse.
Sorrento carriers fed their equine staff
With the Patterson and Cairns oaten chaff.

At low tide, see the propped- up forty ton craft
Being loaded from dray or raft
With lime (till Lilydales quarry killed the trade)
Then ti tree, for bakers oven made.

Blairs lime trolley from Kiln to pier
Carrying groceries and Gracefield beer.
The actors steam tram ran up Sorrentos hill;
Harry Watts drove it with a will!



NOTES ON CARRIERS.
To limit the poem to less than 20 pages, only a small selection of those who provided carriage of goods and people are mentioned here. There is enough material to write several more poems on the same topic. For example:
McLears bullock team at Dromana, another carter, Len Dunk, who did Jimmy Williams fish run at a later time, the men who carted lime and then ti tree to the bay at Rye, the cabbies who carried tourists from Sorrento pier to the Amphitheatre- before, during and after the time of the steam tram and the long-awaited rail service to Red Hill.

Peter Pidota operated in the Dromana area.

Jimmy Williams and his brother Ned lived at Eastbourne (17 William Cres).
They were both bachelors. Jim started his run from West Rosebud.

Harry (Carrier or Rabbity) Cairns had a property at Melway 253 C 10 where Cape Schanck Rd met Boneo Rd. Born in 1861, he was the son of James Cairns who settled at Boneo in about 1854. He apparently lived over the road from his cousin, Hill Harry (son of Robert Cairns born 1867) whose farm was at the corner of Patterson Rd. Rabbity probably made his first pick-up at Cape Schanck, which most likely included crayfish. As his nickname implies, part of his cargo consisted of rabbits, as did Jimmy Williams.

Going by Shankss Pony was an old saying that meant walking.

William Cottier ran the RYE HOTEL at Dromana before the Arthurs Seat and Dromana Hotels were built. It was between Spencer St and the bend in the highway. When Rudduck bought Karadoc in the sale of township land, Cottier, with John Campbell built a hotel of the same name EAST of Napier St in Rye.

Blacks Camp Davey Cairns lived near 259 E4 and Cairns Bay (260 G 12) is named after him.

Wilsons had butchers shops everywhere and the busline still carries the Dyson name.
The opening of the Lilydale quarry affected the demand for Peninsula lime but ti tree was an ideal fuel for bakers ovens.

No evidence that the beer had a trolley trip but it is possible.

George Coppin was a famous actor from the gold rush days and his acquaintance with the top flight of society enabled him to sell the idea of an exclusive summer retreat to them.










LIME. XXXXXX August 2010
I wonder if the Fawkner lad, in eighteen zero three,
On sunny day, while digging under spreading she-oak tree,
Observed the white sedimentary rock, while father did his time,
Because John, 36 years on, was advertising lime.

Some men who dug and burnt this rock on hills above the rip,
Such as Ford, Watts and Dillon, had decided to jump ship.
The most westerly when displaced, in 1852, for quarantine,
Were Dennis Sullivan and the first Cannon the heads had seen.

The men who lived at the corner, now braced by timbers high,
Dug lime for Campbell, Youle,and Walker's lime kiln standing nigh.
Then they used their napping tools to break the pieces down.
This isolated back-beach settlement was known as Canvas Town.

The big kiln on the fire station site was owned by merchant Blair
Who, to beat competitors, bought land up everywhere;
His bags of lime put onto trolleys that ran directly to the pier,
Half a block east of the Gracefield pub run by Sullivan, later Mrs Weir.

As the gold rush saw Melbourne's mortar demand becoming even keener
Ti tree began to replace dwindling stands of she- oak/Casuarina.
Women milked the cows , grew veg.,did all the chores around,
While the men dug and burnt the white rock from the ground.

With the roads so bad, Stenniken, Blair and Cain sailed lime up the bay
And returned with goods that would take ages to come by dray;
For Rye's school fence timber, there were agonising waits;
But then they could get luxuries like willow- patterned plates.

Men toiled to chop, dig and fire, jobs never made for ease:
Natives, Chinese, Maoris, Greeks and Portugese.
Sullivan and Page at the end of Weeroona Road;
Albress loaded lime and wood:Webster himself did load!

At last the need for lime declined.
The depression forced them other jobs to find.
Cairns boys born and bred to lime at Boneo,
As farmers, farther south, near Pattersons, did go.

For others, bakers saved the day;
Ti tree was felled and carted to the bay;
Cut in sections two foot six in length
To heat the ovens with fiery strength.

When Dr Blair and the Sorrento-bound came to their cool retreat,
Coppin's tram hauled tourists on rails up the hilly street
From Pier to amphitheatre surf. Later many roads were white
But lime was slippery and sharp on hooves: it really wasn't right.

Land held by owners who were absent,
Smothered by ti-tree growing rampant,
With rabbit burrows everywhere;
Restored by Jim Brown's visionary flair.

NOTES ON LIME XXXXXXX August 2010


John Pascoe Fawkner's mother should have been declared Australia's first saint!
Hannah Pascoe had been born into a fairly well-off family, as we shall see later, and little suspected, when she married the silversmith, possibly an apprentice at the time, that a blunder he was to make would estrange her from them. When he was sentenced to transportation, Hannah made the hard decision to farewell her loved ones, and with 12 year old John, join Collins on the voyage to the settlement he was to establish briefly at Sullivan Bay.
In Van Dieman's Land, this Peninsula pioneer lovingly produced a literate son who cared for others, although by the time he was full-grown at 5 foot 2 he was starting to develop the spite which slightly tarnished his accomplishments. To manage this when the boy was surrounded by the dregs of London's slums was indeed a miracle. Melbourne may have been centred on Fisherman's Bend instead of Queen St if it had not been for Hannah's loyalty to husband John. She returned to England to collect an inheritance but came back to her husband; the money probably set young John up in his Launceston newspaper and hotel businesses.(John Batman, who favoured the Fisherman's Bend site had boasted of his land in Fawkner's pub.)
Hannah's son adopted her maiden name as his second name upon her death as a mark of respect for this wonderful woman. I was delighted to have Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16, C/3) so-named to acknowledge her contribution. John Pascoe Fawkner's main contribution, in my opinion, was to be fifty years ahead of the government in providing freehold land for his beloved yoeman farmers. He formed co-operatives to obtain Crown grants at Coburg, Hadfield,Airport West, and at Tullamarine near Mansfields Rd and on Airport land near Melrose Drive.For a small contribution a small plot of land, often 7 acres, was available to anyone near neighbours like Taylor, Robertson and Clarke who had thousands of acres.

Many of the Scandinavian, Greek, Portugese etc pioneers of the area may have jumped ship. Certainly enough pioneers of British stock did so. There may have been crewmen who knew that most of their ship mates would desert and head for the diggings. Perhaps knowing of the lime industry and certain employment, from previous trips, they decided to save days of starvation and a walk back from Melbourne. The Chinese were probably diggers who had landed at Westernport (to avoid restrictions) and had returned to the peninsula because of racial tensions on the goldfields. The Wong family of the east side of Chinamans Creek on Cairns' land may have come in this fashion.
Sullivan was able to move to another family kiln but Cannon seems to have left.
Canvas Town was near the corner of Tasman Drive and Canterbury Jetty Rd. I believe that Youle should properly be Yuille and that a spelling mistake on a document has been perpetuated.
The trolley went through the general store site on the way; there was a branch line so goods for the store could be unloaded without blocking the passage of lime.
Mrs Weir was born a Sullivan.
Ti tree had constituted a minor part of the open parkland that explorers saw; she-oak and Banksia were the common species. The lack of Ti tree was due to burning by the aborigines; a burn at least every five years is needed to stop it getting out of hand. Absentee owners failed to control it.
There were more ship owners of course. It was W.A.Blair and Co that made them wait.
A pioneer in lime land leisure said that everyone had these plates.
At the end of Maori Street was the Maori Farm.
Jim Brown came from the mallee and cleared the ti tree jungle to produce rich pastures.

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN BLACKWOOD,VIC., AUST.

Margot Hitchcock's history of Blackwood is going to be a corker. Even though she has corrected trove digitisation anonymously, it is plain that she has gathered an incredible amount of information.I had intended to add a Blackwood chronology and some information about pioneers to my previous Blackwood journal,but I will put this on hold until Margot's book is published. I will write no background notes for most of the following verses because this information will probably be in Margot's book. If you can't wait until then, search for a combination of key words, including Blackwood, on trove and you will find my sources.

Years ago, I read of a connection with Blackwood of the family of Albert Thurgood, the greatest footballer of his time, and I was reminded of this when exploring the roads (on a google map)that I used to run (never thinking how the Sultan Track got its name). Discovering Thurgood St,I tried unsuccessfully to find a Thurgood/Blackwood connection on trove but discovered the correction of the digitisation mentioned previously,which prompted this journal.

None of the poems will be finished until I am. Look for additions.

THE FIRST TWO PARTIES.(From pages 3-5 of "Aspects of Early Blackwood".)
Edward Hill and Isaac Povey tried a colonial stint
In 1854, and laid bricks for the Sydney mint.
The West Bromwich Wanderers decided to seek
Gold in the vicinity of Wombat Creek.

In October 1854, Edward set off for the Mount Blackwood ranges,
But his mate twice pulled out, too aware of the dangers.

Meanwhile Harry Athorn of East Ballan's "Traveller's Rest"
And neighbour, Harry Hider, decided to test
Reports of bullocks on the Laradoc* astray
And had some luck on their third Sunday.
They counted themselves lucky finding two of the strays
But the next thing they found did truly amaze.

Near Jackson's Gully they stopped for a feed
And filling the billy saw the glint that begets greed
And to East Ballan blazed a track
That Dungey, Bellinger and Jackson followed back.

George Jackson saw gold in the gully that bears his name,
The other two prospectors soon doing the same.
To provide supplies, Athorn and Hider undertook
And they came by Harry Densley, later helped by Matt Cook.

Meanwhile Hill,disappointments did scorn
And found three companions through Harry Athorn.
They too would desert him; he didn't know that,
But he made his big find at Hill's Tent, Ballan Flat.

The Golden Point crew had kept their find hush;
Hill, through the lost Maplestone, started the rush
So Jackson summoned his mate Matthew Sweet
And this made the Golden Point party complete.

Ballan Flat was called Red Hill, the Estaffette's destination,
Frederick Boys' disappearance soon after caused great consternation.
Lerderderg was the new name for the Laradoc
And soon they had to get gold out of the rock.

N.B. It was John Hill who caused the rush, was on the 1856 electoral roll and was buried in the Blackwood cemetery. By 1861, Henry Athorn was a butcher at East Ballan and had become insolvent (P.2, The Star,Ballarat, 14-3-1861.) See the January 1855 entry in the annals at the end of my other Blackwood journal for D.Ryan's recollection of George Jackson's companions.

The information about Jackson's companions in ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD come from the recollections of Harry Densley as told in this letter.

BLACKWOOD DIGGINGS.
To THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS
Sir,- G B' s interesting article on Blackwood on August 20th recalled a version of the first discovery of gold there, given to me by Harry Densley, a resident of the Ballan district from 1853 to his death in 1919. His version does not differ materially from that of GB but it is more circumstantial and it contains intimate details of the occurrence only to be expected from one who played a part in it. Densley was a native of Van Diemen's Land. He arrived in Victoria with his father in December, l851, his father having been attracted by the gold discoveries. His eldest brother Charles had come to Baccchus Marsh with Captain Bacchus in 1838, and another brother Thomas, came later, so after landing Harry and his father made for there on foot. Immediately after their arrival they started with a party for the Forest Creek diggings but having no success there they moved on to Bendigo, and later to Ballarat where Densley senior, died towards the end of 1852. Harry who was then between 14 and 15 years was brought to Bacchus Marsh, and after a time he obtained employment as a bullock driver from one Harry Athorn, a well known identity of that place at that time. In 1853 Athorn came to East Ballan, and built an hotel there, at the top of the hill to the east of the valley which he named the Travellers Rest. Densley and another bullock driver named Crockett came with him. In addition to the hotel business he had two bullock teams carting on the roads. His account of the discovery of gold at Blackwood given by Densley to me is as follows - "Harry Athorn and Harry Hider were the first to discover gold at Blackwood. They made the discovery in the latter part of I854. Six bullocks that had got away from earlier carters were generally known to be in there on the Laradoc (as the Lerderderg was colloquially, and perhaps correctly styled by the early settlers), and previous attempts to get them had proved unsuccessful. Athorn and Hider went on three different Sundays to seek them and on the last occasion when in the vicinity of where they were supposed to be running they stopped about mid day to have lunch on the bank of the creek where Golden Point now is. The water was clear. While eating their lunch they saw water worn gold at the bottom of the stream. They collected as much of it as was visible. Overjoyed with their discovery they returned with the gold, and with two of the bullocks, blazing a track out to make sure of finding the place again.

As soon as they returned to East Ballan a party was made up to prospect the discovery composed of Athorn, Hider and three others named Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger, the arrangements being that all were to share equally in any gold discovered. Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger were to do the prospecting while Athorn and Hider found them in food and other requisites. The prospectors begun work in Jackson's Gullv (named after one of them) and they camped on the far side of the creek about where the Golden Point bridge is. In some of the holes put down good gold was obtained and in others none but on trying along the course of the creek the party found that gold could be got anywhere in it. I took the first lot of provisions out to them on horseback being guided to them by the trees blazed by Athom and Hider, and afterwards a man named Matt Cook and I took out a larger supply and some mining equipment. Cook having half a ton on a two horse dray and I a like weight on a dray drawn bv six bullocks. After leaving Athorn's we went down by Pyke's homestead and crossing Doctors Creek below it followed the eastern bank of that stream through what is now Mr Lidgett's paddock until we reached about where the present road is. We then turned in an easterley direction and kept on until we arrived at the site where Greendale now stands, where we camped for the night near where Mr George Henry Roberts's latest store afterwards stood close to a large pool in which a servant woman in the employ of the Dale's had drowned herself a short time previously. In consequence of this tragedy the pool had received the name of the Lady's Waterhole and I did not like camping near it. On mentioning my doubts to Cook he did not seem to be perturbed and remarked philosophically 'She will not hurt you.'

The creek was not then washed out as it is now and it could be crossed easily any where. After starting next morning we kept along the left bank of the creek, over the big hill and on until what is now called the Junction was reached where we again camped for the night. Next night we made for where the prospectors were working at what is now called Golden Point above which Jackson and Dungey met us and cut a track for us through the heavy heath and undergrowth which enabled us to reach the tent at the foot of the hill close to the creek. Throughout the journey we followed the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider but as trees had to be cut and fallen timber removed to give the dray passage our progress was necessarily very slow. The news of the party's operations was soon bruited about, and a considerable rush set in in which a good many early Ballannites took part "

What is the origin of Blackwood's name? J G Saxton says ('Victoria Place Names and Their Origin") -Blackwood - Captain Blackwood of the Fly 1842 to 45.

Whether this refers to the mining settlement I am unable to say. It was undoubtedly called the Mount Blackwood diggings at the outset, being named after the mountain of that name, situated some miles to the south-east of it. The mountain seems to have been or originally named Mount Solomon by John Batman, in 1835. At the time he also named Mounts Cotterell and Connolly near Rockbank. It was subsequently called Clarke's Big Hill after Ken neth Clarke who as representative of the Great Lake Company of Van Diemen's Land came to Bacchus Marsh with sheep in 1836 and subsequently moved up to the Pentland Hills, which he named. Neither of these names held permanently. My opinion is that its present name was given to it after the Captain Blackwood mentioned by Saxton, but when, or in what circumstances, I am unable to say. Perhaps some readers may know. - Yours &c.,
JAMES H. WALSH. Ballan, Sept. 12.



BLACKWOOD IN THE BEGINNING.
Charles Shuter took charge of the funds for the C. of E. church and school
But in the Reid case against Chapman for wages, justly failed to rule.

The miners here at Blackwood displayed great propriety;
The lawless learned to fear the Mutual Protection Society.

Parcels sent daily from Melbourne, miners could expect to get
Thanks to Davies of the Southern Cross, Crossman and the "Estaffette".

GOLD.
Gold not extracted by batteries and amalgamation
Was for the miners a major frustration;
Gold not extracted was the miners' loss
So they were excited by the scheme of Bryce Ross. (P.2, Argus, 15-11-1855.)

THE CHINESE.
Fifty odd Chinese came to Blackwood in late 1855,
Advance guard of many more to arrive. (1)
Another posse came on the fifth of October;
They were busy as bees so they must have stayed sober.(2)

"Look at those Chinese, with cradle and dish
They work the old stuff; find as much as they wish.
An Englishman claims he is equal to half a dozen Chinese;
If he works like them,we'll need no immigration decrees." (3)

By legislation with the effect of a picket:
Ten pounds to get in, a Chinese Protection Ticket.(4)
Some ship masters had another thought,
"Why not dump them at Westernport?"(5)

"Oh,ye oblique-eyed, sober, grinning exiles from the flowery land,
The consternation you cause Teutons, you fail to understand." (6)
The new English Bogy the writer thought dumb;
The Mt Blackwood correspondent just said they had come.

By May '61, 250 Chinese were on the Blackwood alluvial,(7)
But relations were not always convivial;
Ah Slang was charged with stealing copper plates at Simmons Reef.
Found not guilty, he said he knew the thief.(8)

At Kangaroo Flat, the Chinese cut away a dam that Europeans built
In 1857. Did it rob them of water? Did they feel no guilt?
A battle royal ensued; cuts, bruises, a broken hand the worst fate
And the matter would go to the magistrate. (9)

1.P6,Argus,12-12-1855. 2. P.4, Argus, 16-10-1856. 3.P.7,Argus, 23-11-1855. 4.P.5, Argus,9-10-1855.
5. Lime Land Leisure. Finding that it was too far to the diggings,many became the first fishermen at Flinders and burnt lime near Sorrento. The Captain would make 10 pounds per Celestial dumped because the landing fee would have been included in the fare. The Government increased its scrutiny of Westernport to stop this practice. 6. P.5,Argus,5-9-1856. 7. P.6,Argus,7-5-1861. 8. P.6,Argus,18-8-1863.
9. P.5,Argus,13-10-1857.

INSOLVENCY.
William Happer Fleming, a small provision store at Mt Blackwood did hold,
After two or three years searching for gold;
He had a 6 roomed cottage and a half acre of land
But the deeds were now in his creditor's hand.(P.6, Argus, 11-3-1856.)

R.S.Agnew & Co. of Williamstown was financially unsound;
G.F.Agnew and Eades had a branch store at Blackwood and lost over 400 pound. (P.7, Argus, 18-4-1856.)

Charles and Frederick Long, merchants and storekeepers of Blackwood St, Melbourne North,
To try their luck on the Blackwood diggings boldly ventured forth.
But their hopes of a fortune were soon to fade,
Due to losses in mining and depression in trade.(P.5, Argus,8-1-1859.)


JOHN MARTIN
John Martin,confident,athletic and strong,
Despite his mates' advice, saw nothing wrong
With risky stunts being flirty.
He had a wife and child and was aged about 30.

At Ure's 200 foot deep shaft
At Simmon's Reef, he was being daft.
He swung on a rope down ten feet;
Climbed hand over hand his trick to complete.

Then he swung down 50 feet, death to defy,
But suddenly there came a cry.
That was the end of the dare-devil's life;
John made a widow of his wife. (P.4, Argus, 5-4-1860.)

Was he the son of the inventor,
John Stanworth Martin, who was the centre
Of attention at Simmon's Reef when first was seen
"The Nonpareil" his quartz- crushing machine? (P.6, Argus, 14-5-1861.)

Was Christopher Martin related to either John?
Due to Philip Marello his life was gone,
Murdered at Mount Blackwood in 1855;
The villain at Tarrengower or Jim Crow thought to arrive. (P.5, Argus, 14-11-1855.)

(Tarrengower=Maldon, Jim Crow=Franklinford. The dare-devil's family was Irish and another Martin family at Blackwood was from Cornwall.)

STOREKEEPERS TOOK RISKS TOO.
When a correspondent said that Blackwood's population was less
Another would claim it was more.
The first would ask the second to confess
That he was the owner of a store.

If Blackwood was seen to be losing its gloss
Storekeepers faced a gigantic loss.
Buyers for their goods would never be found;
After paying for cartage 2000 pounds.

It was Solomon who'd so spent 2000 quid;
He was slandered by Moss who flipped his lid
When Solomon tried to sell his Blackwood store
To Moss's brother with debts of this amount or more.(P.5, Argus, 25-9-1855.)

(Some other storekeepers will appear in "INSOLVENCY".)

1856.
Fred Willett and Rob Woolland ran stores at Golden Point.
Thomas Jones and Caesar Kaiser healed ills internal or in a joint.
There were five hotels: Scheele's Lergederg, the Great Britain (Holland and Forder),
Gregory's, Edward's Bull and Mouth, and the Golden Point with Levy keeping order.

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE TO BE SPLIT INTO SMALL PARTS.

The list of surnames in a journal indicates that one of them might belong to your family. The rhymes journal at the moment has a surname list for only the first couple of pages and the complete list would be at least 10 times as long (if they could be fitted in!)
Once you find that your surname is included in the list, you need to find out if the reference concerns a member of your family. Without an index to assist your search for the reference, this could waste a lot of your time,especially when this journal is about 40 pages long already, so I will try to break it into parts so that all surnames mentioned are listed and each part is only a few pages long.
The two problems mentioned above would not affect people reading journals out of general interest, so the original journal will be left as is so they can read the lot without having to go from one journal to another.
The smaller journals will be entitled TULLAMARINE RHYMES followed by the poem's name and if there is significant genealogical or other detail about a particular family, its surname, in brackets, will be included in the title.

For example STREETS AND ROADS,which contains much information about the Johnsons would be entitled:
TULLAMARINE RHYMES, STREETS AND ROADS,(JOHNSON).

Another reason for breaking journals into smaller parts is that more than one image can then be provided.

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA with background notes.

The following poems were written by yours truly in 1989. Background notes will be written in italics.

DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD. See the MANSFIELD journal.
This poem appears in the MANSFIELD JOURNAL. With William Mansfield and his son,William, was Steven Hill of "Danby Farm" (Melway 5 B3 approximately) and I believe these Mansfields were on the triangular 80 acres of section 15, Tullamarine (the Payne pig farm called "Scone" when acquired for the jetport c 1960)now occupied by the airport terminal buildings and north of Melrose Dr/Grants Lane. This land was owned by John Mansfield (memorial 106 595.)
The building of the Arundel bridge, to improve access to grantees on the Arundel Closer Settlement had started but, partly built, it was swept away by a torrent, ruining the contractor. A new contractor was found and the bridge was built not long after the Mansfield drowning. Stephen Hill escaped because he disobeyed instructions but if my memory serves me correctly, he was killed in world war 1. The McRaes were involved in the formation of the Oaklands Hunt while on Glenara and were related by marriage to the Mansfields.

The story behind the poem was told to me in 1988-9 by Wally Mansfield, Colin Williams and Gordon Connor, all independently of each other. Somehow, I gained the impression that the father, William John Mansfield was known as John but I have changed his name in the poem to Bill, just in case that wasn't the case. He was the only surviving son of John Mansfield who owned the airport terminal area.

Miss Rowe, the teacher at S.S.2163 (on the north corner of the present Melrose Dr and Link Rd)married Frank Wright who had Strathconnan, if I remember correctly, and was followed by Mr Rogers who (possibly) was the teacher when all the pupils disappeared to the Bone Mill at the end of Wright St one lunchtime and certainly was in 1908 when Colin Williams' head was split open in a playground accident. In 1909, Alec Rasmussen arrived, Saint Alec as I call him.

There are two things in the poem that I am not going to change at the moment. The newspaper article mentioned below states that the lad leading the horse was Phillip Hill but I'm not sure that Phillip wasn't his father. If his name was Phillip, why was S.Hill a pallbearer for the son's coffin? Call the second thing poetic licence if you like. When I was writing the poem, I had The Ballad of The Drover (Fifth Book, i.e. Grade 5 Reader)in mind. The article said that there was no particular flood at the time but I love the bit about the inky black sky turning day into night etc.

The article is on page 3 of the Sunbury News of 20-10-1906. The pallbearers lived near the present airport.The following locations are from Melway.
Fred Wright, blacksmith 5F8; Frank Wright, Strathconnan?; 5 H9, E.Wright,Ted Wright, the wheelwright mentioned in "Broadmeadows Nestles" who may still have been working with brother, Fred, at this stage; Peters Spiers, 101 acres 5 C7; W and A. McNab (Oakbank 4 J9 or Victoria Bank 4 F7), A.Grant, Seafield, 4 K7; T.Nash, Fairview, 5 F6 and 20 acres for dry cows (Broadacres Kennels and Cattery, 4 G4); B.Lane, Gowrie Park, 560 acres, 4 K3; J.Handlon, very old house demolished in the 1970's at bottom right hand corner of 5 G10; A. and F. Wright, Sunnyside or the northern half of Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint, 6 A 12) and S.Hill(as above.)


BROADMEADOWS NESTLES.
'Twas known as Broadmeadows till the days of the trains
In a picturesque valley cut through the plains.
The ancient St Pauls upon the hill
Looks down on the township which slumbers still.

Kingshott and Ted Wright made their anvils sing;
The Broady and Franklins for having a fling!
Jack Hoctor brought bread and Cargill the meat,
While Boundy's sold a range of goods very complete.

Mark Cooper had much land south of the creek.
When babies were due, Nurse Mitchell we'd seek.
Jim Ahearn was the man who kept peace in the town;
Albert Cook, Shire Secretary of well-won renown.

Up the hill going Greenvale way
Were the Orrs on Kia Ora growing hay:
The Campbells, Hatty, Attwood and Harry Swain
And Bob Jefferies' farm past Dench's Lane.

The monument stands where the windmill once stood.
Our boys went to war to prove their manhood
But grief came to parents, son or daughter;
At Gallipoli they were led like lambs to the slaughter.

On the tops of the hills, subdivisions grow fast,
But the township retains the charms of the past.

Broadmeadows Township was declared in 1850. It fulfilled what I presume were the two requirements for township sites: being on well-used routes and having a good supply of water. In the early 1870's the Government bought the failed Essendon railway and extended it to Sydney as the North Eastern Railway. The nearest station was at Campbellfield but that area became known as East Broadmeadows and finally Broadmeadows, which meant that, to avoid confusion, the old township became known as West Meadows. Just like Keilor whose nearest station was Keilor Road Station (later renamed Sydenham), Broadmeadows Township became a sleepy hollow. Both were service centres for local farmers, providing farm hands and goods but hardly self-sustaining.St Pauls was built in 1850 and served as a school for a while. The vicarage across Raleigh St was built later.

John Kingshott and his (brother?) operated smithies over the road from each other. Ted Wright took over the one on the garage site (I'd better say the east corner of Coopers Hill Drive, formerly Black St, and Fawkner St because of the way that service stations are disappearing today)and operated as a wheelwright. (George?)Kingshott had his forge on the site of the fruit Mart across Fawkner St. Once when a customer had left a horse to be shod the next morning, George was taken aback to discover it had changed colour overnight, courtesy of some local rascals and their whitewash. John Kingshott was appointed to the school committee so that it would not consist entirely of Presbyterians.

The Broadmeadows Hotel was on the present site with the Victoria Hotel a few yards further up the Ardlie St hill. The latter burnt down in about 1870 and Henry Franklin, the baker, built the Franklins Hotel on the west corner of Fawkner and Bent Sts. Jack Hoctor mistakenly believed that this was named after Sir John Franklin. This hotel also burnt down and the bluestone was used to build the vestry at St Pauls. When town houses were being built on the Bent St corner, the owner discovered the bluestone blocks lining the hotel's cellar; they are still there!

Jack Hoctor was the township's lamplighter and delivered bread for Anderson's bakery between the Oddfellows' Hall and the historic (1869?) bluestone bridge. Anderson's bakery and the old Coach House on the Broad St corner (where Jack was born) remain as reminders of the quiet village. Bob Cargill was the son of one of the township's original butchers. He lived on the north side of Raleigh St near St Pauls and his Victorian house remains. Like all butchers, he had a gum branch to swish flies away from his cutting cart. The death of Bob's young son caused great sadness in the town but he was buried at Bulla! It was assumed in the early days that if you lived near Broadmeadows you were a Scot and as far as I know, the Will Will Rook cemetery (Melway 7 B9)had no sections for each denomination as was the norm. For this reason, many Catholics from Broadmeadows were buried at Keilor or Bulla. The boy was killed when another boy's gun discharged accidentally on a rabbit hunt. The other boy's family (Gra--) felt so uncomfortable that they moved to near the site of the E.J.Whitten bridge.

Boundy's store was where the milk bar operates near the bridge and bike track. As well as cash trade, they operated a barter system whereby a local could, for example, supply eggs to buy goods.(George?) later expanded to Keilor Rd.

Mark Cooper's pioneering endeavours are recalled by Coopers Hill Drive. He was a farmer and related to the family of Charles Nash of Fairview (Melway 5 F6.). Nurse Mitchell was one tough lady. Once she entered the house and rolled up her sleeves, the most domineering husband became a compliant assistant or quickly disappeared, whichever was required. Jim Ahearn was the old-fashioned type of policeman who saved the time of busy magistrates by applying his boot to the backside of any youths who were getting out of hand; and those same rascals loved him for putting them on the right path.
Albert Cook was not only a much respected and long-serving shire secretary of Broadmeadows; he and his wife
brought up Norm Woods who won similar regard as secretary of Keilor Shire. They lived in a residence attached to the Old Shire Hall, another relic remaining in the township. When a more central hall was built on Glenallan (present site), Albert moved to Cook's Cottage (probably Peck's Wannaeue)which was on the Red Rooster site, across Pascoe Vale Rd from the east end of Mascoma St, Strathmore.

See my comment (below)about the Hatty website for details of the Orrs etc north of the township. Dench's Lane, named after a prominent butchering family, is across Mickleham Rd from Swain St which are both part of the boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook and Yuroke.The next farm north of Bob Jefferies' was Hugh Williamson's Dunvegan which went to the Somerton Rd corner. Hughie was highly regarded as an amateur vet by local farmers.

There was a plantation just east of the bridge at the junction of Ardlie St and Raleigh St. In the old days there was no problem going around the war memorial and gas-lamp pole but by the 1950's when W.V.Murphy bought on Ray Loft's subdivision of "Broombank", the memorial had become a traffic hazard.Some townsfolk were upset when the monument was moved to its present site by Major Murphy. The town's water supply originally came from
the creek and that is why the early butchers were kept on their toes regarding pollution. "Lambs to the slaughter" is a direct quotation of Jack Hoctor's words. The poem was written in 1989 but much charm does still remain in 2012.
SOURCES: Jack Hoctor, Harry Heaps, Olive Nash, "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Sid Lloyd, George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road: 1920-1952".


TULLAMARINE SCHOOL 2613.
From school 632 near Nash's "Bayview",
To Seafield 546 which also had pupils few,
Rushed the teacher at lunchtime for half a year,
Till notice was taken of a common idea.

In June '84 the schools in Grants Lane and near the junction
Closed down and school 2613 took over their function;
For the new school John Blanche offered a site.
But because of the Beech Tree, Ware said,"It's not right."

A site farther north was eventually found,
At Conders Lane, on Love's, for thirty pounds,
And there the school stood for seventy six years,
Full of much happiness and occasional tears.

In nineteen o6 came the Mansfield demise;
Miss Rowe told her pupils with tears in her eyes.
Mr Rogers took over when she met "Mr Wright",
Then an accident happened that caused a real fright.

Colin Williams fainted after lunch at the school;
The teacher first thought he was playing the fool.
When 'twas found that he'd hit his head on a rock,
To the post office they flew to ring Essendon's doc.

Who in twenty minutes was tending the head
That almost rendered Colin Williams dead.
It took six whole months before the problem was licked;
Meanwhile Col. heard rumours of a teacher so strict!

Alec Rasmussen came in nineteen hundred and nine
And spared no effort bringing brats into line.
Colin was scared to go back to school
As a result of stories of the teacher's stern rule.

But Alec Rasmussen a tyrant was not
And all of his pupils admired him a lot.
He gave them all an education sound;
His picnics and community work were renowned.

Wally Mansfield and his mates emptied the pan
In a hole that they'd dug; then they teased and they ran,
Jumped over their disguised pit and those in pursuit
Fell into the mess; the smell wasn't so beaut!

Around 1930 another teacher was seen,
The grandfather of our Leo Dineen
Who did so much for Tulla forty years later;
No man's contribution could ever be greater.

So many families through its portals have passed
That many were sad when its end came at last.
In the 60's the jetport swallowed up its abode
But its pupils remember the school up the road.

SOURCES: Vision and Realisation (Education Department, 1972); Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970; Tullamarine Progress Association minutes book, 1937-1954; Colin Williams and Wally Mansfield, titles documents re location of properties, Shire of Keilor rates,countless former pupils who attended the 1989 and 1998 Back to Tullamarine reunions organised by Winnie Lewis (nee Parr) and me.
School 632 started as a Wesleyan school in 1855. It was on a one acre site at the bend in Cherie St, indicated in the attached Melway map 5 by an arrow at the bottom. It is not surprising that this site was chosen because all the land between Kilburn's "Fairfield" and Post Office Lane (the northern boundary of today's Trade Park) was bought by Methodists: Parr, Wright, Purvis, Nash ("Bayview"), Mounsey and Blanche.

The Seafield school was on the south side of Grants Lane, on John Grant's "Seafield", at Melway 4 J6.

Ware was the School Inspector in charge of the district.
The new school was on the north corner of the present Link Rd. Conders Lane met Bulla Rd at the same spot but went due (magnetic) west. Link Rd diverts south following the boundary of Sam Parr's "The Elms".
The Loves were early pioneers of Tullamarine and also had a triangular piece of land between Nash's Lane and "Glendewar". Their dairy farm was burnt out about 1930 and was added to "Oakbank" by the McNabs.
John Blanche taught at school 632 and his purchase , shown on the map was between Trade Park Drive and (almost) Burvale Crt. The Beech Tree Hotel was almost directly across Bulla Rd from the north west corner of Tullamarine reserve; its location is indicated on my map by an arrow pointing to a dot.
The Mansfield drowning is the subject of "Death at Bertram's Ford. Miss Rowe married Frank Wright of "Strathconnan (bounded by the back lane i.e.Derby St,which was the north east boundary of Hamilton Terrace, a line just south of Western Avenue, Mickleham Rd and the Londrew Ct-Freight Rd midline.)

Tullamarine's post office was almost opposite Derby St, giving Post Office Lane its name. It was there until the (1930's?) when a Mr Sheppard built a brick post office and residence, later run by the Hendersons; the post office was demolished when Hendersons Rd was made but the residence survived much longer and was the home of Ben Hall for many years after he moved from Ray Loft's Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St.
Colin Williams' family followed John Cock on "Broombank" (Millar Rd, Tadstan Drive area. He was 99 when I interviewed him but he had a wonderful, accurate memory. He and Wally Mansfield provided me with many stories.

At one time after Leo's grandfather had retired, the new teacher refused the Tullamarine Progress Association the use of the school for meetings. Mr Dineen was asked to sort out the situation and he did. The Spring St reserve was named after Leo who cleverly had Tullamarine's major roads made at Federal Government expense as well as establishing, and obtaining facilities for almost every sporting club in the area. See "To Whom We Looked".


THE NEW COLONY'S LEADERS.
Back in July 1851
Victoria's independence was begun.
Three prominent leaders then were seen
And they all owned land in Tullamarine.

Involved in Earl Grey's Port Phillip farce,
John Foster belonged to the upper class.
He was the grantee of "Leslie Banks";
For his time in charge he received little thanks.


Appointed in July 1853 as Colonial Secretary;
Of reformers like Wilson, he was always most wary.
Our constitution from Foster's mind came,
But disliked he sailed home, an estate to claim.

Edward Wilson led the Acclimatisation Society
And opposed politics of the conservative variety;

Through his "Argus", he was the voice of reform
Against the squatters' control, which was then the norm.

On "Arundel", he introduced crops to our climate's habits,
Kept monkeys and bred chincilla rabbits.
The farmers respected his scientific bent
And gained from his desire to experiment.

The third had land where the big birds nest,
The Organ Pipes and where we shop in Airport West.
John Pascoe Fawkner was the yoeman farmer's friend
And brought St John's corruption to an end.

Few more powerful men have there been
And they all owned land in Tullamarine.

Parts of this poem have been changed and appear in italics. It was written in 1989 and further information has come to hand. The Australian Dictionary of biography entry for J.F.L.V.Foster shows that one change was not necessary; he did have a name change. The last half of the last line of verse 3 was originally:" and changed his name."
If my memory is correct, Geoffrey Searle's book was the one in which I read about the Port Phillip farce. The Port Phillip residents were allowed to have representatives in the N.S.W.Parliament but nobody could afford to be absent from home for the large slabs of time required. As a form of protest, they voted for Earl Grey, the Secretary for the Colonies in the English Cabinet. Google J.F.L. FOSTER, EARL GREY, click AFTER THE FIRST HOUR'S POLLING and you'll get the details.
Leslie Banks was section 20 Doutta Galla, bounded by the present northern end of Keilor Park Drive (continued to meet Collinson St), Spence St, the Maribyrnong River and a western extension of Sharps Rd. John Foster's older brother, William, was granted square mile blocks north and south of Sharps Rd, from the line of Broadmeadows Rd to its western end. When William returned home to inherit, they passed to the ownership of John. Alphabetical Foster was appointed Colonial Secretary on 20-7-1853 and on 8-5-1854, he was sworn as acting Governor of Victoria. He resigned in December 1854. His biography, as mentioned above, confirms that he and his cousin, William Foster Stawell took the drafting of Victoria's constitution out of the hands of the commmittee that had been set up for that purpose and cleverly disguised its conservative nature behind a seemingly democratic facade.
Edward Wilson was the owner and editor of the Argus. He was probably responsible for Foster resigning in December, 1854. He must have been persuasive; the people were firmly behind his condemnation of Foster. The Acclimatisation Society aimed to make the wide brown land a replica of the old country and also introduce the exotic. In his architectural thesis on "Arundel", K.B.Keeley described Wilson's "Model Farm" in great detail.
It is to be hoped that the City of Hume library system is safeguarding Keeley's thesis and countless other irreplaceable historical records that I provided to the Tullamarine Library.
The society's aims were shared by many. John Pascoe Fawkner instructed his father to remove native vegetation on Belle Vue Park and himself planted the oak trees that caused Glenroy Flour miller, Hutchinson, to later rename the farm Oak Park. At Flemington House, Hugh Glass had grounds fit for a king, featuring many exotic animals. Henry Gomm's Glenhoya at Somerville probably got its name from the introduced climber. An outcome of the society's pioneering efforts was the establishment of the zoo.
In the early 1900's huge estates were being repurchased by the Government to form Closer Settlements, such as those of William Taylor of "Overnewton" and James Robertson of Upper Keilor. Red Hill Village had been a slightly earlier reaction to the 1890's depression. The Eureka Stockade was about licences (a tax without representation) and the inability of miners to buy land as it was locked up by squatters. If only the diggers had been aware of what John Pascoe Fawkner was up to.
He was forming co-operatives and receiving grants in many localities on behalf of his members, his much-loved yoeman farmers. Between the Northern Golf Club at Glenroy and the Fawkner Cemetery was Box Forest. In the parish of Tullamarine he was granted section 7, 13 (both sides of Mansfields Rd) and 10 (the western part of Tullamarine Island, including the Organ Pipes rock formation.)
Thus it was that Fawkner established closer settlement ages before the Government did. His Belle Vue Park occupied much of Pascoeville but one of the earliest landmarks north of Melbourne, The Young Queen Inn, was on one of its subdivision blocks. Some of the pioneers that owed their freeholds to little five foot two Johnny were the Peacheys at Box Forest, John Beech of the Beech Tree Hotel and Ann Parr "The Elms",both west of Bulla Rd, the Mansfields and Grays (13), the Tates of "Pleasant Vale" on Tullamarine Island, and the Howse family, "Travellers' Rest Hotel" on the Westfield Shoppingtown land south of Dromana Ave in the parish of Doutta Galla.
The attached map shows Fawkner's subdivision blocks west of Bulla Rd (now Melrose Dr.) John Carr Riddell was granted section 6 whose south west corner fronted Post Office Lane and was across Bulla Rd from Hamilton Terrace (named after Riddell's partner.)The north east corner of Fawkner's grant was transferred to Riddell and the site of the Beech tree Hotel etc was transferred to Fawkner.

The last line of the second last verse was originally: "The squatters' iron rule he strove to end." Of course Fawkner did his work in Parliament but his aim was the same as Edward Wilson's.

St John was a magistrate and Crown Lands administrator whose favorable decision was influenced by a five letter word:bribe.Little Johnny launched a campaign to end his corruption and was sued for libel. An amusing retelling of the saga is on page 11 of the Western Mail of 3-9-1953. Eddie was Edmund Finn, whose pen name was Garryowen.


TO WHOM WE LOOKED.
Although ours was a small population
On councils we had good representation:
Grant, Ritchie, Nash, Cock, Fox, Parr and son,
The McNabs and Lockhart were some who got things done.

But in the district around Tullamarine,
Such fine leaders ne'er were seen
As Rasmussen, Murphy and Dineen.

Alec Rasmussen much progress did inspire
When the T.P.A.met around an open fire
On the oval he suggested that they buy.
The saleyards bid was a well-planned try.
The Pioneers' Roll was presented in 1935
To keep the district's heritage alive.

The Major organised more suitable abodes
For a church and two monuments along the roads,
Planned preventative measures against dangers fiery,
Represented people at every enquiry.
He was honoured most highly for his work with the scouts
But removed from our presence at the hands of some louts.

Leo Dineen was a man with vision and skills
To make a fine oval from rat drains and hills.
With Hedger, Garnar, Boots, he worked hard for our hall;
He started each sport club that plays with a ball.

Yet where are the streets and ovals after them named?
Till something is done, we should all be ashamed.

Requests were made to Keilor and Broadmeadows councils for ovals to be named after Leo Dineen and Alec Rasmussen respectively. Keilor replied that naming of places after living people was against their policy and Broadmeadows' consideration of "Rasmussen Reserve" was disrupted by Jeff Kennett's amalgamation of councils. As I was busy with "Early Landowners" and supplying arguments for the naming of streets on Melbourne Airport, Willowbank, Gowanbrae and Keilor's Green Gully as well as the suburb of Delahey, the above matters slipped down the priority list until I received a letter from Leo's son. Leo had died and his son had obviously read my poem. I supplied the requested evidence of Leo's contribution to the community and the Spring St Reserve is now the Leo Dineen Reserve.
A request that the Tullamarine Reserve be renamed Rasmussen Reserve was sent to Hume Council some months ago via the Broadmeadows Historical Society.

Tullamarine was in three shires: Bulla, (north of Grants Rd), Keilor (west of Bulla Rd) and Broadmeadows (east of Bulla Rd.) Bulla Shire later extended to the middle of Kenny St, Westmeadows, the old northern boundary of Broadmeadows Township. To illustrate the difficulty posed in areas straddling municipal boundaries, Broadmeadows wanted to make Kenny St and Bulla didn't so only the southern half was made! Billy Swan's son,the Collingwood champ, probably practised speed riding on his side of the road and BMX riding on the north side as a youngster. The boundary may actually have been Wright St; I am relying on my recollection of runs down to the Moonee Ponds Creek about thirty years ago.

Luckily, from its formation in 1924, Tullamarine Progress Association was well supported by councillors from Broadmeadows and Keilor, Bill Henshall being its President for many years. The McNabs and John Grant probably filled a seat on Keilor Council from 1863 for at least a century. J.D.McFarlane and Michael Fox battled to convince their colleagues of the merits of Tullamarine for the new site for the Saleyards; Michael, who lived on the south side of Keilor Rd and leased land in the south part of Brimbank Park from the Delaheys, represented Doutta Galla Riding but his mother and he owned Geraghty's Paddock on the north side of Annandale Rd, Tullamarine. The Fox family also owned "Barbiston" and closer settlement blocks near the corner of Arundel and McNabs Rds.

Brown of Camp Hill, John Cock of Stewarton/Gladstone (1892 to his death at the end of 1911), Bill Lockhart of the 198 acre "Springburn" (between Wright's "Strathconnan" and Percy Judd's "Chandos Park") and Bill Henshall were some of the Broadmeadows councillors who looked after Tullamarine's interests.

Tullamarine did not seem to have had much representation on Bulla council, with Alex. NcDougall of "Warlaby", the Michies of "Cairnbrae" and Alister Clark of "Glenara" being typical of the East Riding councillors. However Bulla did support the T.P.A. saleyards proposal of 1926.

The original constitution of the T.P.A. (Tullamarine Progress Association)specified meeting dates moonlight permitting! (SOURCES:Leo Dineen, Harry Heaps.)The saleyards site was proposed in 1926 and was still being considered in the late 1930's when Fox and McFarlane's advocacy was ridiculed by St Albans councillors and the Sunshine Advocate. The Melrose Drive Reserve was presented to council by the T.P.A. at the end of 1929. The pioneers Roll, which I hope is still on display at Tullamarine Primary School, was a centenary (of Melbourne and Victoria) project just like Flinders Shire's lookout tower on Arthurs Seat.

Tullamarine never had a hall, which is why Doris Scoones' Methodist Sunday School concerts were held at the Westmeadows hall. Send offs and welcome homes were held in the billiard room of the former Beech Tree Hotel during W.W.1 but the many Methodists on Bulla Rd would have refused to enter an operating hotel. Without such a facility, only sections of the community could meet, according to religion {Crotty, Fox and Reddan at StAugustine's, Keilor; Nash, Parr, Wright, Loft, Anderson, Williams etc at the Methodist church in Tullamarine; the Presbyterians at Broadmeadows Township or Bulla (Uniting Lane)} or proximity to Bulla, Broadmeadows or Keilor. The closest to a gathering of the whole Tullamarine community would have been the dances held in the three townships.
Alec Rasmussen arrived in 1909 and for three years conducted community picnics at Alexander McCracken's "Cumberland". Unfortunately the reproduction of a photo of the second picnic in 1910 is too poor to publish but it is obvious that every single person in Tullamarine attended. Alec taught at the Conders Lane school for nearly 20 years and was the secretary of the progress association 1924-54, becoming its first life member.

Walter Vivian Murphy hated being called Major Murphy but most people did not know this; I only found out when I interviewed his widow. Tullamarine State School 2613 at the Link Rd corner was closed circa 1961, Tom Dunne being its last teacher, the light timber construction buildings were relocated to the former site of Tommy Loft's cornstore on Dalkeith; these were clad with bricks in 1971.Being the centre of the community, the school had been the obvious location for the war memorial but now it was forlorn in an empty paddock. Walter moved it to the Dalkeith Ave corner. He also moved the monument at Westmeadows as mentioned in another poem. The Major moved onto Ray Loft's subdivision of "Broombank" circa 1952 and filled Harry Nash's former role in limiting the damage caused by fire, such as annual burn-offs. His greatest contribution was the dismantling (at Melway 177 J9) and reassembly (at 177 B8) of St Mary's Church of England. The church had been built on the south west corner of "Woodlands" by its owner, Mary Greene. (I have a feeling that it was built in 1858; this can be confirmed in Symonds' "Bulla Bulla".)Being under the flight path, the church was in danger of being vibrated to bits by the aircraft.

Leo Dineen's greatest achievements were transforming the Sharps and Broadmeadows Rd goat tracks into wide sealed roads (at no cost to ratepayers) and solving the Battle of the Halls at Tullamarine. The Department of Civil Aviation funded the road construction. Fundraising, led by Major Murphy was in progress for a hall at the Melrose Drive Reserve, aided by film nights at Joe Thomas's "Carinya Park" across Sharps Rd from Eumarella St, and another committee on the Triangular Estate was planning to build a hall on what is now the Sid Hedger Reserve. Obviously those who had worked so hard for so long would not react well to a suggestion that, circa 1966, neither location was now central as expansion was to take place on the Broadwood Park Estate ("Dalkeith".) Things became heated but Leo's diplomacy won through, obtaining the Spring St hall and a pavilion for the Melrose Drive Reserve. It was in the mid 1960's that the T.P.A was rejuvenated by new residents such as Sid Hedger (who organised sewerage schemes etc),Ben Kelly ( much involved in getting the hall, which I did not know when I wrote the poem), Ron Langtip, Sid Wheller (plant nursery on Sharps Rd between Tullamarina Ave and the Clarke garage on the Sharps/Lancefield Rd corner), Rom ( a Polish migrant, Ilko Romaniw?), Ken Boots (a driving force in the formation of the Youth Club), Len Garnar (newsagent), John Osborne (chemist), Leo Caton (hall improvements such as installation of drapes and sockets for badminton nets), John Peterson (who started Little Aths with the Dineens) and Ray Gibb (who in 1971 took over as Secretary of the T.P.A. and editor of the "Sonic", which was established by Leo Dineen.)



STREETS AND ROADS.
1.His life had only just begun
When death took BARRIE, Joe Thomas's son.

2.Tom Loft came from EUMARELLA and lived on DALKEITH,
Later DAWSON had this farm where pupils grow new teeth.

3.Tom's son, Ray, gave the name GORDON to his boy;
Ray's wife, Margaret was a MILLAR and filled his heart with joy.

4.The HENDERSON post office was a red brick building fine;
To build Henderson Rd, they pulled it down in 1959.

5.John GRANT and the clan McNAB bought section 8;
Their Ayrshires were adjudged to be first rate.

6.The MANSFIELD family, which owned land all the district round;
Suffered a great loss when W.J. and Willy drowned.

7.The family FOX (Michael, Mary Ann and John,
And many more) lived on section 1 and BARBISTON.

8.BUNBURY bought ARUNDEL in 1842;
The road went toward McNab's and down to Keilor too.

9.The road that dips in Arundel's vale
Starts at George Annand's grant called ANNANDALE.

10.FOSTERS Rd, whose name from William and John did derive,
Has been renamed at the north end as Keilor Park Drive.

11."Carinya Park", by factories cramped, is doomed to disappear;
It was called Hillside by James SHARP who lived there many a year.

12.BROADMEADOWS Rd is renamed, from Green's Corner to the north;
From Deep Creek Rd to the town, miners ventured forth.

13.MELROSE Drive has had five names; four told its destination.
Its present name honours Jim, pioneer of aviation.

14.Along this road were several lanes that led off to the west:
Post Office, Andersons and Conders Lanes, now officially at rest.

15.Peachey's Lane is Derby St, Wright's Lane is renamed too,
Nash's Lane, now closed, once led up to Fairview.

16.The names of Crotty, Parr and Nash deserve consideration
And this they are soon to get from the Federal Airports Corporation.

17.The Drive In's gone in Melrose Drive, new houses in that space
But the spot is marked by movie names such as FORUM Place.

28/1/2012.
18.Coming to Tulla in 1923, Harry Heaps knew which farm was where;
Just north of his later house in Melrose Drive we see STRATHCONNAN Square.

19.The fellow who developed Gowanbrae ignored the pioneers along the way
But the firm that developed Willowbank, I really want to thank.

CHADWICK, McKAY, MITCHELL, CORRIGAN, JOHNSON, GILMORE, LAVARS (pub up Greenvale way)
And names of farms like WILLOWBANK and CHANDOS where the Tigers now do play.

20. Moreland Council asked for names for streets for the Morgan factory site;
Because of her links with the City's pioneer, HANNAH PASCOE was just right.

Some verses have been added to the 1989 version (as indicated) and the verse about Fosters Rd has been altered to explain its current name and because Keilor rates information, on which I had based a statement about the road separating Tom Nash's hay and Crotty's cows, is no longer available for verification purposes.

Verses are numbered so the notes can be related to the appropriate verse.
1. James Sharp bought part of "The Springs" (Section 21, Doutta Galla) in the mid 1860's and named it "Hillside". His widow retained the 8 acre homestead block and the farm was leased to such as George Dalley and the Reddans (who were there in 1928 when the Albion-Jacana railway line was built and produced such a crop of hay that one could hardly walk between the sheaves; they leased it for three years between their ownership of "Brightview", west of Fisher Grove to the west end of Sharps Rd, and "Seaview", east from McNabs Rd between a western extension of Grants Rd and the proposed new runway almost to gate 31.) James Sharp had earlier been leasing a small farm on "Chandos" circa 1863. The Thomas family bought Hillside in 1943 if I remember correctly. The Airport acquisition map of circa 1960 shows that (R.S.?) Thomas had bought much other land in the area, such as Tullamar and the Keilor 1956 rates showed that he also owned the Triangular Estate. (Was Joe a nickname or was he the son of R.S.?)
The Thomas family was an important part of the Tullamarine community. Their film nights raised funds for the proposed hall on the reserve that Alec Rasmussen's Tullamarine Progress Association had donated to Broadmeadows Shire in 1929. The Tullamarine Pony Club was based on Carinya Park for decades with local children such as Pam Gregg and Katie Butterworth enjoying the opportunity to engage their great love of horses in the encroaching suburbia during the 1970's. The Tullamarine Kindergarten Association's hugely successful paper drives would have been impossible without Noel Grist's truck and hay twine from Carinya Park.
It is possible that Thomas St in Airport West was named after this family and that Gary Thomas, champion and gentlemanly Airport West footballer of the 1960's was a member of the family. Unfortunately these possibilities did not occur to me when I interviewed Edie Thomas. She did tell me that Joe had built their house and that the stones used for the gate pillars came from James Sharp's kitchen. She also told me about young Barrie.

2,3. Tommy Loft was superintendent of the Tullamarine Methodist Sunday School for years and his daughter, Doris Scoones who taught in the Sunday School passed on her love of music and dance to the sons and daughters of the prudish Methodists, conducting well-attended sunday school concerts at the Westmeadows Hall. Tommy, and later Jim Scoones ran Dalkeith, bounded by Sharps and Broadmeadows Rds and including Janus St and Fisher Grove. The Dalkeith homestead, on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave, was built by George Mansfield in 1910 according to Gordon Connor, and a subsequent discovery confirms this; George bought Dalkeith from James Harrick in 1910.

One source (forgotten) told me that Gordon St was named after the son of Ray and grandson of Tommy and that Eumarella St was named after the place where Tom grew up. This was before the first "Back To" so the source was probably Harry Heaps who associated with Ray Loft a bit. The only place that I think could be Eumarella is Eumeralla. I do know for certain that Tommy was assessed at Greenvale (Kentucky and Greenan) in 1920. This would be where Ray Loft would have become acquainted with the Millar family, pioneers of the area, and his future wife, Maggie, who attended the 1989 reunion. Tommy's move to Tullamarine may have been influenced by the Millars who had the Junction hotel and its associated 18 acres in the early 1900's (The David Mansfield Story, rates.)
The strange thing is that Tommy Loft was known to Ray Cairns,of "Maroolaba", Fingal, who died last year. In 1920, Tommy (of 265 Ascot Vale Rd, Ascot Vale) was also assessed on 158 acres (C.A. 28a,b) and 165 acres (C.A.29) in the parish of Wannaeue. This land is now the residential section of Moonah Links Golf Course (Melway 252 D2.)An even stranger thing is that the Orrs, who were share-farming "Springbank", "Willowbank" and "Kia Ora" on the Kennedy family's Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows Township by 1920 with the Lloyds, were assessed on exactly the same 323 acres fronting Truemans Rd in 1916-7!
Tommy subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage of Dalkeith in the 1920's but probably the distance from town doomed its success as it had the "Gretna Green" subdivision on Mansfield's Triangle in the 1860's. The 1930's depression was probably also a factor. Most of those assessed in the 1930 and 1943 were family members, Ray having built the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St. The school site was occupied by the saleyards and cornstore. Tommy had a weighbridge which had come from the haymarket and was later near the present roundabout at Essendon (Melway 28 G4.)(Source forgotten, possibly Sid Lloyd; the Lloyd brothers were among the first occupants of the subdivision not to belong to Tommy's family.)
Leslie King Dawson owned the remaining 160 acres of Dalkeith by 1943 and by 1951 was followed by Percy Hurren who had been storekeeper and postmaster at Jones Corner at Moorooduc in 1950. David Shepherd (a descendant of Somerville and Moorooduc pioneers, Shepherd of Perfection Nursery and Edward Jones of Spring Farm) confirmed that the postmaster had bought a farm "up, near where they built the airport" and the Tullamarine Progress Association minutes confirm that Percy was in Tullamarine by 1951 when he attended his first meeting.Percy told worried residents pre 1955 that Caterpillar would not be a dirty factory and that it would benefit the district; he was so right! (P.S.Caterpillar Drive was the original end of Sharps Rd.)

4. Ina Henderson told me that the brick post office was built by a Mr Sheppard in the 1930's. The residence, whose last occupant was probably Ben Hall (descendant of the bushranger, who drove a stage coach and hired out period clothing), was much older, probably built about 1900. Merv. Henderson displayed a painting of the residence and post office at the 1998 reunion. A Mrs Watson took over the post office from the Hendersons (whose daughter married a descendant of Keilor's pioneering Anderson family if I remember correctly) and before 1959 relocated it to the present liquor store in the Melrose Drive Shopping Centre.

5. See the Grant and McNab journal.

6. See the Mansfield journal.

7. Barbiston was 163 acres on the south side of Barbiston Rd and the Fox family had two lots of the Arundel Closer Settlement which adjoined it; the two houses should still be near the corner of Arundel and McNabs Rd if the Council is protecting its heritage. As mentioned elsewhere, Michael Fox had land on the south side of Keilor Rd which was sold to T.M.Burke in 1928. He also had land at St Albans which appears on the Maribyrnong parish map and was most likely bought in the early 1900's when William Taylor's Overnewton Estate was repurchased by the Government and sold as Closer Settlement farms. Fox Rd is at St Albans, Melway 13K9 to 14 E10. Cr John Fox, of the Doutta Galla Riding, is mentioned elsewhere. Mary Ann and John Fox had Geraghty's Paddock on the north side of Annandale Rd for which they had a name which I can supply if asked. The Fox and Reddan families were related by marriage.

8.SECTION 1. (ARUNDEL) PORTION OF ARUNDEL ENTRY IN "EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE".
This was granted to Richard Hanmer Bunbury who obtained it by selection and paid 907 pounds, one pound per acre. Bunbury, after whom streets in Gladstone Park and Williamstown are named, became harbour master and chief of water police. Later owners were Colin Campbell (1843), Donald Cameron (1851), Edward Wilson (1853), Robert McDougall (1868) and Robert Taylor (1889). Wilson, Argus editor and a leader of the acclimatisation movement, had a virtual zoo on the model farm as well as importing crops to trial and breeding chinchilla rabbits. He sold Ellengowen (Browns Rd area) and Turners (south of the e-w section of McNabs Rd). McDougall was the expert regarding the Booth strain of shorthorn cattle but had only contempt for the Bates strain of which his western neighbour (in section 23 Doutta Galla), Henry Stevenson was a devotee.
In 1904 Arundel was resumed by the Crown and, in 1910, J.B.McArthur bought lots 21, 22, 3 and 4, a total of 291 acres 3 roods 25 perches. This included 112 acres north of Wallaces Elm Grove as well as the homestead area enclosed by Arundel and McNabs Roads. Owner of Hosies hotel in the city, McArthur was Moonee Valley Racing Clubs first vice president from 1917 and, I believe, succeeded the first chairman, Alister Clark, following the latters death in 1949. He was also involved in the Oaklands Hunt Club which often enjoyed hospitality at Arundel farm. Other longtime Closer Settlement pioneers were Cock, Wallace, McFarlane, Fox, Hassed, Birch and Brown.
Later owners of Arundel Farm were: Arthur Wilson (1925), Frank Smith (1935), W.S.Robinson (1949) and W.W.Cockram (1962.) Robinson unfortunately remodelled the faade of McDougalls graceful 1872 homestead in 1950. (K.B.Keeleys architectural thesis C 1963 and Tony Cockrams notes re ownership.)

9. ANNANDALE. (Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.)
Location-Melway 5 B-D 11-12 to the top half of 15 A2 and the Sharps Rd/Keilor Park Drive corner.
This square mile was granted to George Annand, a Melbourne grocer and merchant who seconded the motion that led to the introduction of the secret ballot in elections. Annandale was being leased by Edward Wilson in 1868 and Anderson and Parr in 1892-3. In 1893-4 it was occupied by William Taylor (of Overnewton) who may have purchased it years earlier and still owned it in 1900.
Portion of section 2 became part of the Arundel Closer Settlement (Lot 9, John Foxs Bendene of 120 acres, lot 8 of 113 acres-Williamson, Maher, Sproale, W.S.Robinson, and about 84 acres of Alf Cocks Glenview.) The above accounts for 318 acres and two farms were formed from the remainder of section 2. Bill Parrs Annandale and Thomas Nashs farm were north and south, respectively, of Annandale Rd, each consisting of 165 acres. R.S.Thomas bought both, renaming them Carinya Gums and reaping L1169/6/- per acre for his land when it was acquired for the jetport C. 1961. John Fenton bought Cocks Glenview in the mid 1950s, renamed it Dunnawalla, and was still farming it 40 years later.

It is doubtful that Annand spent much time on Annandale. Early tenants on the property were the McCormacks. James McCormack (born 1790 in Westmeath, Ireland) and Ann Carey ( ditto) were married in their birthplace in 1815.After immigrating to Van Diemans Land with their three surviving children (Mary, Patrick and James) and spending twelve years there, they moved to Victoria in 1851. It is likely that they settled on Annandale soon after arrival if the Crotty legend that follows is accurate. Mary married Maurice Crotty and they started leasing Springs, across (present) Keilor Park Drive, later purchasing part of it and naming it Broomfield. Patrick married Ann Delahey ( of Oakleigh Park) and James married Mary ONeill (of Horseshoe Bend).


Glen Cotchen, who had done much research on the Crotty family, must have been the one who told me about "Chesterfield" which I sketched in my 1999 Melway. This must have been the original farm that the McCormacks leased from Annand. The triangular 44 acre farm, which adjoined John Foster's Leslie Banks went from the Sharps Rd/ Keilor Park Drive corner, widening as it extended to the west boundary of the Star Trak land south of Annandale Rd.

10. FOSTER.
William Foster was granted section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla, both fronting Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd and consisting of 640 acres (square mile). His younger brother, John, was granted section 20 Doutta Galla, between the straight section of Keilor Park Drive and the Maribyrnong River; Known to his friends as Leslie, he called section 20 "Leslie Banks".
SECTION 3, TULLAMARINE.(Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.)
This was part of the Fosters Leslie Park for which William and John gained a 10 year Crown lease in 1840. The southern 400 acres was sold to D.T.Kilburn on 25-9-1867. The Kilburns called it Fairfield. I believe that David Milburn of Grange Farm, Victorias first irrigator, was leasing it in 1868. James Harrick was leasing it in 1893 and 1900. By 1913 it had become two farms of 200 acres, Reddans Brightview and Ernie Bakers farm. By 1930, Brightview had become J.P.Doyles Ristaro.
Tom Loft was in Tullamarine by 1924 when he convened the meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed. He called Bakers old farm Dalkeith and, as stated before, subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage. Keilor rates reveal that Leslie King Dawson owned the farm by 1943 and Percy Hurren by 1956.

Part of section 3 was east of Bulla Rd (north to Derby St corner & Freight Rd.) This was sold in three lots but on 10-7- 1851 David William ONial had mortgaged the whole 76 acres 3 roods 28 perches to Edmund Westby for 259 pounds. As J.F.L.Foster was the second party, I would presume that there was an agreement to sell it to ONiall and that this fell through when the publican died soon after building the Broombank house. On 17-10-1857 Patrick Kelly bought the 4 acres on which the Lady of the Lake hotel was situated. David ONiall (ONeil with an Irish accent!) was running this hotel in 1849, probably leasing it from Foster.
On 19-1-1855 John Fitzgerald bought 25 acres, on which ONeil had built a house, at the east end of Millar Rd which was its driveway, in 1852. The ONeil girls watched through the Cape Broom hedge in 1860 as Burke and Wills went past and, because of their sentimental attachment to the farm, it was not until their deaths in the mid 1930s that Ray Loft was able to buy it. (The late Colin Williams.)
Known as Broombank and described in ratebooks as 27 acres (33 including the former hotel paddock), it was farmed primarily by John Cock (1867-1882) and Colin Williams parents (1886-1915 or later.) In 1920, a drover named John R.Morton was leasing 34 acres from Misses ONeal of Docker St, Richmond. Ray Loft subdivided the farm in 1952. The other portion of 18 acres was sold to Timothy Quinlan and his wife Ellen on 12-9-1868. This land now contains Northedge, the home units along Mickleham Rd and Andlon and Londrew Crts. Quinlan probably wasted little time building the Junction Hotel on the Mobil Garage site. The land was later sold as the Junction Estate. Cec and Lily Green bought the Junction Hotel (after Tommy Loft had brought about its closure) and turned it into the well-known Greens Corner garage and lolly shop. Butterworth bought all but one of the blocks north of the Northedge site and the family lived there by 1948 and until the mid 1970s at least.
Between the Cherie St bend, where the Wesleyan school 632 operated 1855-1884, and Post Office Lane (running due west from opposite the Derby St corner), the land mainly became Charles Nashs Bayview. In June 1868, Nash bought about 127 acres and as his will reveals he later acquired John Blanches 12 acres fronting Bulla Rd on 2-10-1869. This gives the total of 139 acres on which Ernest Bruce Campbell was assessed in 1943 and John Denham in 1956. Others to buy land were George Mounsey (13-10-1857), Thomas Purvis (11-9-1855, 12 acres), John Wright (4-9-1868, 15 acres) and Ann Parr (15 acres in 1868-9 ratebook), all fronting Post Office Lane from east to west, and Blanche. The only one of these purchasers not known to have belonged to the Tullamarine Wesleyan (Methodist) congregation is Mounsey, so it is no surprise that the school was established at the Dalkeith/ Bayview boundary in 1855 and the church was built opposite 276 Melrose Dr in 1870. Jim Scoones and Denham who farmed Bayview, and Scoonesfather in law, Tom Loft of Dalkeith, were also staunch Methodists.

The last service at the Tullamarine Methodist Church was on 11-12-1983 and the church was demolished within a year. Charles Nash and James Henry Parr were stalwarts of the church.


SECTIONS 20 AND 21 DOUTTA GALLA.(Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)
SECTION 20 and 21.
The north and south boundaries of both are indicated by Sharps Rd. and Spence St. Section 21 was between Barrie Rd. (named after the son of Joe Thomas who died young) and Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive). Section 20 runs from Keilor Park Drive to the river. In 1840 the Foster brothers were granted a 10 year squatting lease on a station called Leslie Park and this might be why much land in the Doutta Galla and Tullamarine parishes was not alienated until 1849-50. Both William and John had Leslie as Christian names and Johns friends called him Leslie. William, the older brother, bought section 21 as well as section 3 in the parish of Tullamarine across Sharps Rd. At the same time, in the early 1840s, John bought section 20. They called their land Springs and the name was confusingly used in 1849 to describe the location of both James Laverty in Keilor Rd. and David ONeil, who had opened the Lady of the Lake Hotel (near Millar Rd. at Tullamarine) on his property Broombank at the n.e. corner of section 3, Tullamarine.
In 1843, John horsewhipped Dr. McCrae of La Rose on 1-12-1843 because he thought the doctor had hoodwinked him in relation to the Eumemmerring Cattle Station at Dandenong, and the Doc. bolted for Sydney. It seems, despite the Pastoral Properties of Port Phillip entry under Foster*, that the Fosters were dissatisfied with McCraes former run and stayed only 1839-40, which prompted their move to Tullamarine. (Notice that main streets in Dandenong are named after each of them.) * 1839-45 but only till 1840 under Station entry.
A fine stone house was built on section 21 and John must have lived there after William inherited and returned home, as it became known as the Governors house according to Joe Crotty. John Foster was later colonial secretary and as well as drafting Victorias constitution with his cousin, William Stawell, he served as Governor between La Trobe and Hotham.
In December 1844, one of John Fosters native servants, Booby, was murdered by another aborigine named John Bull while driving a dray back to Springs from Melbourne. Another servant, Maurice Fitzgerald, who was driving a dray behind Booby, was a prime witness.
In 1860, Maurice Crotty, who married a McCormack* lass from Annandale, on the other side of Fosters Rd., started leasing The Springs. Charles Kavanagh was the occupant of The Springs before Crotty moved in. Seven years later, Mrs. Crotty reported that someone had bought part of their farm. That was James Sharp who was probably raised on Craigllachie south of Glenloeman. Tullamarine Park Rd. was close to the boundary between Sharps Hillside and the portion that Maurice bought in 1868 and called Broomfield. The original Broomfield homestead was across Tullamarine Park Rd. from Allied Drive and their 1890 house was on the site of Hondas riding school.

(*A McCormack/ Crotty/Delahey/ ONeil family reunion was held in February 2000. The contact number of 9 739 7182 may help relatives who missed this function to make amends.)
Butcher Thomas bought Hillside in about 1940 and renamed it as Carinya Park. Sharps homestead was extended by Joe Thomas. Sadly, Carinya Parks homestead was bulldozed in 1998 by Vaughan Constructions; the gate pillars made using stone from James Sharps original kitchen will hopefully remain.

In 1847, William ONeil, who later received the grant for 9B with Davies and Robinson and bought Horseshoe Bend Park, was obviously leasing section 20 from John Foster. He was on Lesley Bank, Springs, Mt Macedon Rd according to the directory. Lesley should be Leslie but the inclusion of bank in the farms name would suggest a river (which forms the west boundary of section 20) rather than the small creek running through section 21. As mentioned elsewhere, all three roads heading north (Pascoe Vale, Bulla, Keilor Rds) were called Mt Macedon Rd at various stages, but this time it meant Keilor Rd. Leslie Banks may have included part of section 19 later owned by James Harrick (who was married at Williamstown in 1861 and obviously not yet in Keilor), thus extending to the road.
The Delaheys owned section 20 by 1868 and until at least 1900. Early this century, Thomas Nash, who had been leasing Hillside, bought land south of the bend in Fosters Rd, 150/1 acres straddling the section 20/21 boundary which Edward Cahill had been farming in 1868. Later he added 188 acres north of the present Botanical Gardens. The Wards and then the Williamsons farmed where Keilor Park clubs now play footy and tennis. In about 1943 Claude Butler established the Moonya Dairy Farm on the former Nash land. In 1940, James White found the famous Keilor Skull while digging a sand pit at the junction of Dry (Arundel) Creek and the river. This spot (Melway 14,K/2) is at the north- western corner of both the parish and section 20.

Titles information on sections 21 and 20.
Maurice Crotty bought the north western portion of section 21, roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd and consisting of 243 acres, for 913 pounds on 8-6-1868. The Crotty dairy farm, Broomfield, was a feature of the area for a century. The original house was opposite Allied Dr and the 1890s house near the motor cycle school. Incidentally, in 1867, both Sharps Rd and Broadmeadows Rd were known as Fosters Lane (Vol. 175 folio 509).
Section 20, between Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive) and the river, was leased to James Henry Smith for 5 years on 23-6-1857, the lease probably being extended for a further 5 years. On 7-9-1868 Henry and James Delahey bought 692 acres (all but the s/w corner) from Foster/Fitzgerald for 2641 pounds.

11. See note 1 about James Sharp. Also see the 21 Doutta Galla extract under FOSTER in note 10.

12. Broadmeadows Rd was so named because it led to Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) In the early 1970's it was called Old Broadmeadows Rd but the name was probably changed when the part north of the Mobil Garage (now 711)was renamed Mickleham Rd. The diggers would have been headed to McIvors Diggings near Heathcote and after travelling up what is now Melrose Drive, they would turn into Fawkner St, cross the creek and turn left up the Ardlie St hill to where Mickleham Rd started on the crest. The township, via the "great road to the diggings" or Pascoe Vale Rd, was on one of the original routes to Sydney. (Mickleham Rd becomes Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Lane! The problem of bogs between Campbellfield and Somerton was solved by about 1850, leading to the decline of the Young Queen Inn just north of the bridge at Pascoville but the diggings gave Broadmeadows a reprieve for a few years before it became a sleepy hollow.)

The present part of Mickleham Rd north of Fawkner St was Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, which was never made and actually passed through the Orrs' Kia Ora whose homestead (later part of a caravan park) was between the present Mickleham Rd and Ardlie St.

13. Title documents for "Camp Hill", supplied to me by a Kenny descendant, describe the present Melrose Drive as Macedon road, which was rather confusing because the same name was used for Pascoe Vale Rd and Keilor Rd.
To add to the confusion "Springs" Mt Macedon Rd was describe the locations of Kavanagh on Keilor Rd and David O'Nial just south of the Melrose Drive/ Derby St corner in Tullamarine.
Bulla was originally called Deep Creek so the road was known as Deep Creek road and then Bulla Rd. Between 1851 and 1854, land agents described the road as the great road to the diggings but following the construction of Mt Alexander Road (whose name was used for Keilor Rd until at least 1900) and the building of Samuel Brees' bridge at Keilor in 1854, that route took most of the traffic, leading to decline at Bulla and Sunbury.In the early 1970's the road was known as Lancefield Rd as it led to the Dunsford track (Lancefield Rd)
which heads north opposite Redstone Hill and just before Goonawarra. Soon after, it was renamed Melrose Drive after Jim Melrose whose crash and death at Melton South was witnessed by a relative of Frederick Hobley (born in Rosebud, see Frederick Hobley journal.)

14. These three lanes were necessary to provide access to the back blocks on J.P.Fawkner's subdivision (part section 6 and most of section 7, parish of Tullamarine) shown on the attached map. Post office Lane was the boundary between sections 3 and 6. The Andersons were pioneers of Tullamarine and its Methodist school and church. I have never come across the name Conders in records but as stated elsewhere, Conders Lane was at the same spot as the Link Rd corner with school 2613 on the north corner.

15. Stephen Peachey's family pioneered Box Forest, another of J.P.Fawkner's opportunities for yoeman farmers to obtain freeholds, now renamed Hadfield after Rupert Hadfield, a Broadmeadows Shire Council. Due to an outbreak of swine fever, he moved onto 6 acres on section 6, Tullamarine in the 1920's. This land is now occupied by the Boyce Court houses, its last owner being Snowy Boyce, later of "Barbiston".
Derby St was probably the name applied by John Carre Riddell of Cairn Hill, Gisborne and his partner, Hamilton.They subdivided the part of sections 6 and 15 bounded by Melrose Drive, Derby St and Wright St (now Springbank St)as Hamilton Terrace, which had 1 acre blocks and the rest of the Camieston Estate was cut up into farms, the largest being the 450 acre Chandos which fronted the present Mickleham Rd, Derby and Wright St to the Moonee Ponds Creek; it was subdivided into Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos Park by John Cock in the first decade of the 1900's. Victoria St, renamed Greenhill St and now closed, was probably named after the young queen by Riddell.

There would not have been any street signs so the locals just gave these streets names describing who lived there. The part of Derby St opposite Post Office Lane became Peachey's Lane and the part heading north west to Victoria St (which illustrates why Melrose Drive was called Macedon Rd) was known as the Back Lane.Wright's Lane led to Wallis Wright's, Sunnyside.Victoria St was known to all as Nash's Lane because it led to Charles Nash's Fairview.

16. Unfortunately the early settlers, the aborigines and the aviation pioneers were denied recognition when Anthony Rohead's bicentennial renaming of Melbourne Airport streets was scuttled after all was finalised. Anthony must have derived some satisfaction from the naming of a new street, Gowrie Park Drive (Melway 5 C5.)
See Melbourne Airport wikipedia. Crotty, Nash and Parr are mentioned elsewhere in this journal.

17. The drive-in was at the north west corner of Camp Hill (renamed Gowanbrae by Scott) and the 5% open space contribution required for its subdivision is called Camp Hill Park. Unfortunately the historic plaque affixed to the big rock in the park was removed after a short time by the louts. See Melway 15 J1.

18. Harry Heaps' family arrived in 1923 and farmed on Sunnyside, established at the end of Wright's Lane by Wallis Wright about 80 years before. Harry spent his teenage years and young adulthood on Sunnyside between Harry Nash's Fairview to the west and Judd's Chandos Park across Wright's Lane to the east. When he married he moved to the block now occupied by Strathconnan Square, where Sam Merrifield had lived, and across the back lane from Strathconnan. Harry knew all the local folklore and prefaced many of his yarns with, "I shouldn't tell you this, but." No doubt, Harry insisted on the street name.
STRATHCONNAN was about 140 acres fronting the present Mickleham Rd between the Londrew Crt/ Freight Rd midline and a point south of Western Avenue, which was known as Lockhart's Corner. It also had a frontage to Derby St and part of Wrights Lane (Springbank St.)

19. William Chadwick was publican at the Broadmeadows Hotel by 1857. After some time, he moved to the Farmers' Arms Hotel at the south west corner of Buckley St and Mt Alexander Rd, which is most often associated with Peter Pitches after whom a nearby street is named. By 1888, when his biography appeared in "Victoria and Its Metropolis, he had established a hotel of the same name at (Benalla?) I believe that my Chadwick entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND (which I hope to receive tomorrow) has a photo of the Chadwicks and their car at the Broadmeadows Army Camp, copied from a Benalla local history supplied by a descendant.

McKAY. This one had me baffled for a while because I did not get the name from my transcriptions of rate records. The only thing I can think of is that H.V.McKay must have owned the historic Woodlands homestead.The famed inventor of the combine harvester certainly owned the Clarkes' "Rupertswood" at Sunbury.

Peter Mitchell had a general store in Broadmeadows by 1857 and was followed as storekeeper by George Couser. Nurse Mitchell has been mentioned previously in the poem about the township.

The Corrigans farmed on the Dundonald Estate north of the township and on Wattle Glen which was accessed via Elizabeth St in the township. Wattle Glen was between Willowbank and Glen Allan with Annette Farm further north on the west side of the present pipeline from Greenvale Reservoir.

JOHNSON. The following series of letters arose from a query about Gellibrand Cottage referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society.

McKERCHAR/ROBERTSON/JOHNSON.
GIVEN INFORMATION WITH MY COMMENTS IN BRACKETS.
23-2-1863. William Johnson married Wilhelmina Robertson at Gellibrand Cottage in the parish of Yuroke, the home of Wilhelminas parents, Peter and Henrietta Robertson. In the same ceremony,Wilhelminas older sister, Margaret, married Donald McKerchar, widower (of Colina) of Springfield. Donald renamed his property Greenanin honour of his wifes birthplace in Scotland. (This was his 302 acre grant, lot P of section 9, across Mickleham Rd from Springfield.) A third sister, Henrietta Robertson, married Donald McNab in 1855.
Donald and Margarets only daughter, Henrietta (or Etty, who was only a week old when Donald died in 1869) was for many years the postmistress at Greenvale. She did not marry and died in 1944 of drowning (in a dam on the property. Was this Greenan or Springfield North?)
Gellibrand Cottage (must have been reasonably close to Gellibrand Hill) as in 1861 an attempt was made to establish a toll gate and it was resolved to offer Mr Robertson of Gellibrand Hill 8 pounds to ascertain the traffic on the road and to call for tenders for the erection of a toll house and gate on the Broadmeadows Road opposite Mr Robertsons house. (I have seen no mention of a toll gate near Gellibrand Hill. The toll gate at the intersection of the roads to Broadmeadows and Bulla Townships at Tullamarine and the one at Pascoe Vale would have dealt with travellers likely to pass Gellibrand Hill on the way to Sydney or McIvors Diggings at Heathcote. The local farmers would have hated having a toll gate near Dundonald because they would have been paying tolls every day. The toll gate would most likely have been placed at the intersection of Mickleham and Somerton Rds but there is no mention of a toll gate in that area in the 1863 rate record of the Broadmeadows Roads District.)
Henrietta Robertson (d.22-6-1867 at 76) and Peter Robertson (d.22-10-1876 in Yuroke aged 79) are both buried at Campbellfield.(A list of people buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery, labelled drawer 3 No.11,lists the Robertsons of Gowrie Park, north of present-day Hadfield, and Alex. W.(27-6-1930),Elizabeth (28-4-1919) and Sterbinella (24-1-1867), but not Henrietta or Peter. Therefore I presume they are buried in the graveyard of Scots Church on Sydney Rd.) The Robertsons arrived from Scotland about 1853-4.
The Johnson family arrived from Huntingdonshire in 1852 and John Johnson worked in Moonee Ponds for Peter McCracken.(Peter McCracken was on Stewarton,the part of Gladstone Park north of the Lackenheath Dr. corner, from 1846 to 1855. It was probably here that John worked for him. Peter owned a dairy at Kensington (1855-63) and Ardmillan, bounded by Mt Alexander Rd, the line of Trinifour St, Waverley St and Derby St at Moonee Ponds (1855-71), but they were a bit far from Greenvale unless John lived on the farms instead of travelling to work each day. Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the creek and was invariably used to describe the location of Stewarton.)
John Johnsons son, William, purchased land at Drummond in 1856 as did Peter and Robert McCracken. John went to manage this property and in 1861, John and William bought the McCracken land. William became a prosperous Drummond/Malmsbury identity. His son, John, purchased Glendewar at Tullamarine in about 1906 and retained it until his death in 1948.Glendewar was sold in 1951 (probably mostly to Mr W.Smith with A.A.Lord owning the 80 acres including the Hills Danby Farmand part of Glendewar, which with the Lanes Gowrie Park comprised section 14.) From about 1919 to 1934, John Johnson leased, and the family lived on,Cumberland adjacent to Glendewar.


Evelyn Brown (P.O.Box 509, Dickson A.C.T.2602) is:
The great grand-daughter of William Johnson
The grand-daughter of John Johnson who bought Glendewar.
The daughter of Walter Frederick Johnson and Emma (McKenzie).
Emma worked for a time at Woodlands before marrying Walter in 1924.
I PRESUME that the John Johnson who worked for Peter McCracken was Evelyns great great grandfather.


MR W.JOHNSON OF SPRING PARK. (M1)
The Essendon Gazette of 22-7-1909 contains the obituary of Mr W.Johnson of Spring Park, Essendon, who was well known in pastoral circles. The 73 year old pioneer was born in Huntingdonshire, England and came to the Port Phillip District 57 years ago*. A resident of Drummond, near Malmsbury, he was an early breeder of Lincoln sheep. He moved to Essendon in 1903. (P. 127, The Annals of Essendon Vol.1, R.W.Chalmers.)
Williams widow, Wilhelmina, was still living on Spring Park when their third son, James Alexander (born 28-6-1874, died 28-9-1913) was buried in the ninth row of the Church of England section of Bulla Cemetery. John Johnson (D.14-3-1948 at 81) and Blanche (D.12-7-1951) are buried in this row also. The cemetery is at Melway 177, H/8.
*At the age of about 16, so I presume his father, as well as his son, was named John.

JOHNSTON OR JOHNSON? Greenhill (M2)
Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 mentions three pieces of property in the parish of Yuroke owned by John Johnston. They were:
a farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds) listed immediately after those of Donald and John McKerchar and before entries for the square mile south of Somerton Rd and bisected by Mickleham Rd.
a farm (N.A.V. 54 pounds), known to be his grant, lot E of section 22 at the north west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds, which consisted of 97 acres 2 roods and 35 perches. He called it Greenhill.
A house (N.A.V. 9 pounds) that seems to have been overlooked and then inserted before
John Johnston was 51 when elected to the Broadmeadows Roads Board (1858?) and, although he remained a member only until 1863, he remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History by Andrew Lemon.)
After W.W.1, Reg Poole renamed Greenhill as Lancedene. (Jack Simmie of Harpsdale.)
Was John Johnston the father of William Johnson? His surname seems to have been consistently written with the T, but that does not necessarily mean it was right. It is a strange coincidence that Reg.Poole took over the Johnston grant and Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole.

GELLIBRAND COTTAGE.(A MYSTERY)
At first I thought this might be related to Gellibrand Farm, which was advertised for sale in the Melbourne Morning Herald of 11-12-1849. It was 10 miles from Melbourne , was enclosed by a new fence and had a cottage, dairy and two double huts for workers. A 10 mile radius takes in Camp Rd, Broadmeadows but in a line towards Gellibrand Hill, it extends only to the Mickleham Rd turn off. The 10th mile post on Bulla Rd was outside the Parrs farm The Elms south of the Link Rd corner. As the crow flies, it is 19 km, or nearly 12 miles to Swain St, the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park from Mickleham Rd, which indicates the southern boundary of the parish of Yuroke. As the reference to Gellibrand Cottage, parish of Yuroke, seems to come from a document, we must discount any possible locations south of Swain St- Mladen Court.

The land east of Section Rd, Greenvale, allotment C of section 2, was granted to Leonard James and George Wolfenden Muchell (sic) in 1843. This was subdivided and sold to Messrs Lavars, Bond, Salisbury, Johnson, Davidson, and in 1854, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7. Part of lot 6 became the church site in Providence Lane. (Greenvale: Links with the Past by Annette Davis found in the Bulla file at the Sam Merrifield Library, Moonee Ponds.)

Notice that one of the above buyers was Mr Johnson. I wonder if this was John Johnson who had been working for Peter McCracken at Stewarton two miles to the south. There is no mention of a Peter or Henrietta Robertson in the 1863 ratebook despite the fact that they were living in a house near Gellibrand Hill on the 23rd of February in that year. Neither does the surname Johnson appear. Was John Johnstons house (N.A.V.9 pounds) or farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds and therefore about 40 acres) where Peter and Henrietta Robertson were living without paying the rates? As Henrietta was 72 and Peter 66, it is possible that they were guests of a 56 year old Johns(t)on. It is not possible to determine where Johns(t)ons house and small farm were but it is likely that they were between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd.


PETER AND HENRIETTA ROBERTSON. (THE INVISIBLE RESIDENTS)
The only Robertson mentioned in 1868 rates or directories related to the area near Gellibrand Hill was D. Robertson. He was not a son of James Robertson Senior or Junior of Upper Keilor. Keilors rates of 1868 show that D.Robertson had 163 acres. This was almost certainly Barbiston. The 1868 directory for Oakland Junction describes D.Robertson as a farmer of Chester Hill. Barbiston is in Tullamarine between Barbiston Rd and the river to the south. Chester Hill was not a big farm and was probably across either Oaklands or Somerton Rd from Woodlands.
Was this D.Robertson a son of Peter and Henrietta? Were they staying with him? Were Peter and Henrietta related to and living with James Robertson (of the Gowrie Park, Campbellfield family) who by 1879-80 had 217 acres at Somerton? This must have been near Patullos Lane as House Names of Essendon P. 19 describes Kinross as being in Sydney Rd, Craigieburn when the clearing sale was held in October 1919. Kinross was almost certainly in the parish of Yuroke, whose eastern boundary is Merri Creek between OHerns Rd and a point just north of where Sydney Rd crosses Malcolm Creek.
An inspiration has rendered Peter visible and perhaps established a link with D.Robertson of Chester Hill/Barbiston. The last time I perused the list of founders of Bulla Presbyterian Church (about six years ago), a name struck me as one Id never heard of. The list includes P.Robertson and D.Robertson. (P.58, Bulla Bulla, I.W.Symonds.)

THE GREENVALE CONNECTION. (Robertson, Johnson, McKerchar, McNab.)
As you have stated, Peter and Henrietta lived on Broadmeadows (Mickleham) Rd near Gellibrand Hill. A Mr Johnson bought a subdivision block on Machells grant in the early 1850s just north of the hill and perhaps built Gellibrand Cottage. Donald McKerchar owned Greenan just across Somerton Rd from Machells grant. In 1863, Angus and Duncan McNab were leasing a fair slab of the Dunhelen Estate from G.S.Brodie. They were leasing a farm (N.A.V. 113 pounds so probably 250-300 acres) as was Samuel Hatty whose entry comes between those of the McNabs and Donald McKerchar. Hatty also had the 100 acres between Sherwood (Oaklands Hunt Club) and Ballater Park so it is likely that his two farms adjoined. On this basis, I would presume that Hatty and the McNabs were on the part of Dunhelen west of Mickleham Rd that later became Thomas G. Halls Kentucky and was between Greenvale/ Greenan and Dunhelen Lane. This supposition is confirmed by the Broadmeadows directory of 1868 which lists:
Angus McNab, farmer, Euroke and
Duncan McNab, farmer, Green Gully.
Green Gully was where Somerton Rd crossed the start of the Moonee Ponds Creek just east of Woodlands.
The following was supplied by Keith McNab. The children of Angus McNab and Mary were:
Janet or Jessie, born 1816 and married E. Robertson.
John, born 1818, married Mary Grant, established Oakbank.
Donald, born 1820, married H.Robertson.
Duncan, born 1822, married M.McPherson, established Victoria Bank.
Mary, born 1824, married John Grant.
Christina, born 1826, died at 17.
Catherine, born 1828, married John McKerchar.
Finlay, born 1830, married A.Stewart.
Angus, born 1832, married R.McIntosh.

The above confirms that Helena Robertson married Donald McNab but also shows another possible connection with Peter Robertsons siblings or children. Is this why D.Robertson was farming Barbiston just across McNabs Rd from Oaklands and the original Victoria Bank?
The Macintosh family was farming Peter Youngs old Nairn, across Oaklands Rd from Dunalister (now Balbethan) in 1868 and this is probably why the McNabs bought land just to the west, across St Johns Lane, later on when Walter Clarks Glenara Estate was subdivided.
I wonder if the Robertsons came out with the McNabs in 1839 aboard the David Clarke. Jessie McNab, at 22 or 23 may have already been married.

Why were Duncan and Angus at Greenvale in 1863 and 1868? Duncan established Victoria Bank but consisting only of 180 acres squeezed between John Grants Seafield and his brother Johns Oakbank, it probably wasnt large enough. Angus, the last born couldnt expect a share of section 8, Tullamarine so Duncan probably divided his time between the two farms until Angus became established. Duncan left for Lilydale in 1869 but his sons, John and Angus returned in 1880 with the latter establishing a second Victoria Bank between Barbiston Rd and Ritchies Aucholzie.

THE JOHNSONS.
Glendewar was mainly situated in section 15 of the parish of Tullamarine, along with the northern part of Chandos (Judds), Wallis Wrights Sunnyside, Nashs Fairview, a triangular farm on the north corner of Grants Lane known later as Paynes Scone and a triangular farm of 77 acres between Glendewar and Victoria St (known locally as Nashs Lane, but now called Greenhill St and closed) owned for some time by the Love family, which had a dairy farm north of Conders Lane on whose corner (Link Rd corner) stood State School 2613 from 1884 until 1960. North of Grants Lane and west of Scone was section 14. Gowrie Park comprised 560 acres of this section. The north eastern corner of section 14, a triangle cut off by Bulla Rd and consisting of 80 acres, seems to have been split into three: the remainder of Glendewar, the Hills Danby Farm of 20 acres, and part of a farm mainly in section 16 that stretched to the southern boundary of Woodlands. Phil Hill later moved to St Albans and Danby Farm seems to have been absorbed into the third farm.
William Dewar named Glendewar and lived there until 1886-7. (Victoria and its Metropolis P.515.)
While the Johnsons lived at Glendewar, the local youngsters, such as Wally Mansfield, were invited to use its tennis courts and an informal club developed. Wally said that one of the Johnson girls was a very good player. Wally and other young men such as Jack McKenzie used to cut firewood on Cumberland with a steam-driven cross cut saw (which Wally called a chain saw) and sell the many tons of wood to the Woodlands Homestead. Both the Mansfield and McKenzie relationships through marriage with the Johnsons will be discussed later.

Bullas ratebook of 1914-5 shows that John Johnson had Glendewar of 407 acres. Phillip Hill was leasing Danby Farm of 20 acres while James Henry (Da) Parr was leasing the 77 acres on the east side of Glendewar. Alf Wright was leasing 205 acres from the estate of John Mansfield that probably included Scone and 125 of the acres between Danby Farm and Woodlands. William Henry Croker (a solicitor who lived at Williamstown) owned the Woodlands house and 100 acres. The other 520 acres of Woodlands, confusingly called Cumberland, was owned by the foundation President of the V.F.L., Alexander McCracken, who also owned the 880 acres of Cumberland (section 7, Will Will Rook). His country retreat (from his North Park mansion in Woodland St, Essendon), was mainly used by the Oakland Hunt for pursuing hares. James Lane had Gowrie Park.

In 1922-3, Alf Wright was leasing Glendewar (house and 404 acres, part sections 14 and 15) from Macarthur Bros. John and Blanche Johnson were leasing the 512 acres between Danby Farm and Woodlands from Trust and Agency. Walter F. and Reginald Graham Johnson were leasing 504 acres of Woodlands from the same company.
Benjamin and Mrs Cowra Chaffey owned the Woodland Homestead and 164 acres and were leasing the 206 acre Sherwood from Dickenson. Phillip Hill still owned Danby Farm. Despite the supposed sale of Gowrie Park for an airport, James, John and Roderick Lane still owned it, and Payne had just replaced Alf Wright as lessee on Scone. William Anderson had just replaced J.H.Parr as lessee on the triangular block, now 74 acres, between Glendewar and Nashs Lane.
The Johnsons had 1016 acres west of the creek, despite having left Glendewar, and Broadmeadows ratebook of 1920-1 reveals that Joseph Johnson had just replaced Vivian Inglis as lessee of the 880 acres of Cumberland. This was also owned by Trust and Agency. The company obviously had no qualms about the ability of the Johnson family to efficiently farm a total of 1896 acres.

JOHNSON RELATIONS.
McKENZIE.
Kenneth McKenzie, a native of Ross Shire, Scotland, came to Victoria in 1852 and worked as a teacher. Later, after leasing land at Gisborne, he took up land at Oakbank, Diggers Rest, where he farmed for 30 years. For some time auditor of Bulla Shire, he died at Oakbank on 19-6-1900 at the age of 68. He and his wife Christina (nee Campbell) had one son, Charles, and two daughters. Charles, born on Oakbank in 1872 and educated at Diggers Rest School, took over the farm in 1900. In addition, he had a large threshing , chaff-cutting and stone-crushing plant. He married Sarah Ann Caldow of Winchelsea and they had one son, Jack, and five daughters, one of whom became Mrs Johnson of Glendewar and later Cumberland. Apart from involvement in the Royal Agricultural Society and foundation membership of the Victorian Country Party, Charles served as Sessions Clerk at Bulla Presbyterian Church from 26-11-1911. His son, John Alexander McKenzie (Jack) became a trustee of the church in 1949. (Bulla Bulla. I.W.Symonds)
Jacks community service has been recognised by the City of Hume by the naming of a reserve at Bulla in his honour.

MANSFIELD.
Irene Gladys Mansfield married Reginald Graham Johnson on 14-2-1925.
Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole (Reg?)
Ernest Hunter Mansfield married Lilian Minnie Hickox on 7-4-1934. Lilian was born on 1-6-1904 in Drummond to John Alexander Hickox and Wilhelmina (Johnson.)
N.B.John Johnson had married Blanche Georgina Hickox. etc.
The above is from The David Mansfield Story by Neil Mansfield of Longford. The book costs $40 but will save you hundreds of bucks and hours as well as supplying many photos you might not otherwise obtain.
Some photos are:
P. 403. Reg G. & Irene, E.H.Mansfield & Lilian (Hickox).
P. 403. E.H.Mansfield & Irene at Regs Strathmore home, addresses in article.
P.410. Four members of Hickox family including Wilhelmina (nee Johnson.)
P. 411 Regs wife as a child.
P.412. Wedding photo of Reg. And Irene including Blanche (Johns wife), Ettie Johnson, William Johnson.
P. 413. Big one of Reg. and Irene.
P. 414. Irene in fancy dress.
P.415. Irene and E.H.Mansfield at Roseleigh in Mansfields Rd.
P.420. Family tree of Reg and Irenes descendants to great grandkids with photos for all.
P.428. Wedding of Regs son in 1951 and more following.
P. 438. E.H.Mansfield and Lilian.
P. 440 and 441. Wilhelmina Hickox (Johnson).
P.442. Regs wife and Lilians husband as young adults.
P.444. Ettie and Blanche Johnson, Lilian (Hickox).
Lilian in front of Cumberland house with white hair.
P.462, 464. Pictures of Michael Mansfield playing for Geelong so you can name-drop about your extended family.
P. 477. 1918 photo of S.S.2613 pupils including Irene (Regs future wife), Blanche W. and Ettie Johnson.
P.481. Marjory Gladys Johnson as flower girl for Dorothy Mansfield on 5-10-1935.
P.525. Joe Palmer (who married Agnes Johnson according to the Cumberland entry in House names of Essendon by Lenore Frost), Ettie Johnson, Jack McKenzie,Blanche W.Poole (Johnson).
P. 592. Bill Johnson holidaying at Altona with the Mansfields.
P. 655. 1916 photo of S.S.2613 pupils showing Wally Mansfield probably has several Johnsons in it.
P.658. The Johnson family (Ettie, Bill, Reg, Agnes Georgina, Blanche W., Blanche and husband John) plus visitor (Wally Mansfield who told me about the tennis) c. 1920.
P.678. Lilian (Hickox) at Roseleigh, and Rene Johnson in 1985.

.
As this took from 4 p.m. on 1-11-1999 until 6:35 the following morning to complete, not counting maps, I hope it will be of some use to you. If you find it to be of value to you, you might consider making a small donation to the Broadmeadows Historical Society through John Ness of 13 Pines Grove, Oak Park,Vic. 3046.Feel free to contact me if you need any more help.




Dear Keith,
As I mentioned on the phone, Ive been to the titles office and while Ive found nothing relating to Peter Robertson in the parish of Yuroke (and need to look up the many other Peter Robertsons), Ive found the exact land owned by John Johnson near Gellibrand Hill.

Leonard James Machell and George Wolfenden Machell sold portions of their grant, allotment C of section 2, parish of Yuroke to:
Her Majesty the Queen (Volume L folio 692), James Simpson (N 340), Thomas Dutton (U 120), William Bond (no reference to volume etc in index), John Johnson (U 382), S.Davidson (U 689), John Salisbury (U 691), John Lawrence (Z 510) and John Lavars (13 404). (1st series index vol.11 folio 204)
Note that G.W.Machells co-grantee was not L. James as previously stated, repeating an error in a source.

The first series index was consulted re John Johnson (8 68) and John Johnston (8 29) and the second series index re Peter Robertson (14 141) but no mention was made of land in Yuroke. It is interesting that the sale of land in Drummond was listed under John Johnston (55 394), which confirms my suspicion that Williams father owned the land on the n.w. corner of Craigieburn and Mickleham Rd.
The second series index gives the same reference for John Johnson and John Johnston, Vol. 8 folio 396. This listed the sale of lots 1, 2 and 3 on the Machells grant to Samuel Mansfield. Before detailing this, I will return to John Johnsons original purchase from the grantees.

VOLUME U FOLIO 382.
On 2-2-1853, John Johnson paid the Machells 94 pounds to purchase lot 1 of their subdivision, which consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Commencing a chain (the width of Mickleham Rd) from the south east corner of allotment C, its boundary went 13.5 chains west, 10 chains north along the lot 2 boundary, 13.1 chains east along a one chain road (Providence Lane) and then south 10 chains to the commencing point.
Mickleham Road was wrongly described as running along the eastern boundary of section 2 to the Sydney road. Mickleham Rd actually bisects section 2; it runs along the eastern boundary of allotment C. The interesting point is that with Somerton Rd being called the Sydney road, much traffic to Sydney and McIvors Diggings must have turned right there instead of continuing past Marnong and Donnybrook Lane onto Old Sydney Rd, which emerges at Wallan.

VOLUME 143 FOLIO 996.
On 14-10-1864, Samuel Mansfield (related through later Johnson & Hickox weddings) bought lots 1,2 and 3 of the Machells subdivision from John Johnson for 250 pounds. This was almost certainly the farm (N.A.V.18 pounds) on which John Johnston was assessed in 1863. Lot 1 consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Lots 2 and 3 each consisted of 13 acres and 2 roods. The western boundary of lot 3, which was at the south west corner of allotment C, adjoined allotment B (the eastern half of the former timber reserve).
Lots 1-3, described as 40 acres and owned by Sam Mansfield and later Harry Swaine, were bounded by the line of Swain St, a southerly extension of Section Rd, Providence Rd and Mickleham Rd. ( Melway reference 178, H/11.) Was Gellibrand Cottage on that 40 acres?
14-12-1999
Dear Keith,
The hunt for Gellibrand Cottage continues.
As has been stated previously, John Johnson purchased Lot 1 of the Machells subdivision on 2-2-1853 and sold lots 1, 2 and 3 to Samuel Mansfield on 14-10-1864. If Gellibrand Cottage was not on lot 1, it was most likely that it was on lots 2 or 3, near the hill. I decided that the next step should be to examine the Machell memorials and follow the ownership of lots 2 and 3, hopefully to Peter Robertson.
L 692.
The original grant, issued on 22-6-1850, had been wrongly made out in the names of Leonard Machell, James Machell and G.W.Machell. The original grant was surrendered on 3-2-1851, Her Majesty undertaking to issue L.J. and G.W.Machell a new and correct grant as well as paying them 10 shillings.
N 340.
I forgot to mention that this might be a mortgage, which it turned out to be. James Simpson was a bank President. Len and George mortgaged the property on 18-8-1851 for 150 pounds, possibly to build Gellibrand Cottage. I thought the other night that Peter Robertson might have been renting Donald Kennedys Dundonald homestead slightly east of Gellibrand Hills summit, but I dont think Kennedy would have taken kindly to a tenant applying another name to the house, so this possibility is unlikely.
U 120.
On 27-1-1853, Thomas Dutton paid 67 pounds 10 shillings for lot 5, which was on the northern side of Providence Rd (to which it had a 13 chain frontage starting 14 chains from the eastern boundary of Allotment C- this included the one chain width of Mickleham Rd.). The western boundary of 10 chains separated it from lot 4. William Bond was to have access along the un-named Providence and Section Roads. I have a feeling that Dutton actually acted as an agent for William Bond as Duttons index pages (from 4 302) do not mention him selling this land.
U 689.
On 4-2-1853, Samuel John Davidson paid 74 pounds 5 shillings what seems to have been lot 4. Consisting of 13 acres 2 roods, it was bounded on the west by the government (timber) reserve, on the north by land bought by Lawrence (see Z 510) and on the east by Duttons (lot 5). In my haste, I traced later owners thinking I was dealing with the supposed Gellibrand Cottage site. Davidson sold to James Hooper (Y 529) who then sold it in two portions to Thomas Mallows (95 955) and Henry Papworth (195 573). Mallows also seems to have bought land from John Lawrence and sold the site(on lot 6) of the Wesleyan Church, which opened in 1869. This seems to have been belatedly memorialised on folios 559 and 560 of volume 814. Mallows also sold land to Enoch Hughes (296 774) and James Musgrove (327 72). Hughes sold his land to James Haberfield who sold it to Paul Clegg.
U 691.
Patrick Courtney had previously paid the Machells 74 pounds 5 shillings, but on 16-2-1853 John Salisbury paid Courtney 80 pounds and became the owner. The land consisted of lot 2 of 13 acres 2 roods and another 13 acres 2 roods, which was at the south west corner of portion C.
Z 510.
On 4-2-1853, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7, shaped like an upside-down L. Lot 6 obviously fronted Providence Rd, east of lots 4 and 5, while lot 7 ran the whole width of allotment C between lots 4,5 and 6 and Lavars purchase (see 13 404). The boundary of the 64 acres 4 perches bought by Lawrence commenced on the west side of Mickleham Rd, ran 13 chains 9 links westward on the north side of Providence Rd, 10 chains to the north along lot 5, 27 chains to the west along lots 5 and 4, 13 chains north along the western boundary of allotment C, 39 chains 11 links east alongside lot 8 and 23 chains south along a government (Mickleham) road to the commencing point.
Entries in the second series index (V.9 f. 229) reveal that Lawrence sold land to the Primitive Methodists (168 773) and (John?) Bond ((241 211).
13 404.
On 7-6-1854, John Lavars paid 2400 pounds for what seems to have been 200 acres, based on lot 7 (64acres- 13. 5 = 50.5) being about a quarter of its north-south extent and hence its size. His boundary commenced at the north west corner of allotment C being the centre of the Deep Creek and Sydney road. Its boundaries measured:
36. 90 (north), 54. 50 chains (east and west) and 39.11 chains (south).
I believe that Lavars purchased lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, each with a Mickleham Rd frontage of 13.6 chains, making up the 200 acres that Annette Davis claims he owned (Greenvale:Links with the Past).
Next, I need to trace ownership of lots 2 and 3 after John Salisbury.
Z 346.
Salisbury seems to have been a shrewd speculator. Hed obtained lots 2 and 3 on 16-2-1853 by allowing Patrick Courtney to make a 5 pound 15 shilling profit on the 74 pounds 5 shillings Courtney had already paid to the Machells. What puzzles me is how Salisbury had obtained lots 2 and 3 for only 80 pounds when John Johnson had paid 94 pounds for half as much land a fortnight earlier.
I was hoping to find that lots 2 and 3 passed into the ownership of Peter Robertson before John Johnson acquired it. Such was not the case.
On 2-7-1853, John Johnson paid Salisbury 350 pounds plus a further 10 shillings for lots 2 and 3. In less than five months, Salisbury had made a 437 percent profit. John Johnson must have really wanted that land! It is interesting that he had access to a fair amount of money.
SPECULATION.
Was it possible that Peter Robertson was involved in supplying John Johnsons quickly acquired cash? This would explain how Robertson had a residence called Gellibrand Cottage, near Gellibrand Hill (hence on Johnsons lots 1-3 or on Dundonald) in 1863 without paying any rates, which he would have done if hed been leasing the cottage. Had Peter Robertson become an insolvent? Had the Johnsons and Robertsons been acquainted before migrating or through the Stewarton connection? Peter McCrackens wife, Grace, was one of the three children of Coiler Robertson and Jeannie (nee McDonald- daughter of Robert McDonald and Isabella nee Robertson) and it is possible that Peter was Coilers brother or a relative of some sort. Coiler leased La Rose (bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Bell St, Rose St and Reynard St: Melway 29, B/1) from 1845 and bought it in 1852. Has there been any mention of this farm in oral family history? Deidre Farfor of 3 Parkside St, Malvern is right into the Robertsons and might have found some link between Peter Robertson and the Robertsons of La Rose or Gowrie Park (Campbellfield) or her mob from Upper Keilor.
If Im right about the T in Johnston being a mistake, John Johnson bought Greenhill from the Crown in 1864 according to a map and list of grantees from (I think) Bulla Bulla by I.W.Symonds. This might explain why he sold lots 1-3 to Samuel Mansfield in that year.

IS THIS THE RIGHT PETER ROBERTSON?
There are several Peter Robertsons in both the first and second series indexes (indices sounds corny!) However only one in each has no second Christian name. If I list where he had land, you might recognise from details you know whether this is our bloke. If he isnt the right one, could you suggest some second Christian names (e.g his sons names) to narrow down my search. Once I find the right one, Ill be able to give you details of land he owned (without being able to pinpoint it on a map unless its within a bike ride of Tullamarine).
There is no guarantee that only one Peter Robertson was involved with all of these land dealings and the second series index lumps together the dealings of Peter and Donald Robertson. Did our Peter have a son named Donald who ran the Ascot Vale Hotel C.1900?
1st Series 14 246.
Land in Jika Jika (possibly Fitzroy or further south), Melbourne South, Prahran, Whroo (where P.R. and the buyer lived).
2 nd Series Index 14 141.
Jika Jika (south of Brunswick/ Northcote), Melbourne South, Korkuperrimul, Sandhurst (Bendigo), Barrabool (near Geelong, I think), Ballarat, Melbourne North, Balmoral, Ascot Vale Hotel, Corio, Kalkallo (North of Craigieburn), Moorpanyal.

Can you supply me with some details about Peter Robertsons family such as the birth places of Peter and his wife (and her maiden name), names of their children (and dates/ places of birth) and places where they lived? Let me know if you want me to do any more title searches.

Gellibrand Cottage.
My conclusion is that this would have been built near the road on lot 1 or on the highest point of lots 1-3 on allotment C of Section 2, either by the Machells (in late 1851) or by John Johnson in 1853. If it was built by the Machells with the August 1851 mortgage money and was on lot 1, this would explain why Johnson paid 94 pounds for 13 acres while Salisbury paid only 80 pounds for 27 acres. The 40 acres of lots 1-3 would have been too small for an ambitious farmer, so it is likely that John Johnson leased land near Crowes Hill from the Crown prior to being issued with the grant for allotment E of section 20. (N.B. As the 1863 rates list Johnston, Mrs Crowe and William Highett as owners of land near the intersection (Melway 385, J/7), the grants must have already been issued).
My guess is that Johns(t)on would have built another house on Greenhill (N.A.V. 9 pounds), the one listed by the rate collector after Pysents forge and hotel at Craigieburn, leaving the lot 1-3 homestead vacant. If Peter Robertson was engaged in farming or otherwise busy, and not strapped for cash, why would the council (roads board), of which John Johnston was a member 1858 to 1863, insult him by offering him 8 pounds to count the traffic. If the Johnston house assessed was the Greenhill homestead, I wonder if John Johnston suggested to the Roads Board Secretary, Evander McIver, that a certain persons financial embarrassment might be eased if Evander forgot to assess Gellibrand Cottage.
It is likely that Johnstone St, which ran from Broadmeadows Township to the Broadmeadows Station but now includes the township (Westmeadows) deviation from the Mickleham Rd roundabout, was named after the early pioneer near Gellibrand and Crowes Hills, John Johnson er Johnston er Johnstone.
Merry Christmas.


A PHYSICAL SEARCH FOR GELLIBRAND COTTAGE. 14-12-1999.
Today I drove to Providence Rd and drove to Section Rd and back, which revealed little as no old buildings could be seen. Parking at the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park, I then walked up Swain St along the parish boundary. When a dog threatened to eat me alive, its owner called out to it and I used the opportunity to bring up the subject of old houses on what we know as the Machells subdivision lots 1-3. I neglected to ask his name and house number but I think the latter was 55 Providence Rd. Hed arrived at the end of 1970, just before the derelict Dundonald homestead was burnt down. He recalled two old houses at that time, one about 40 metres from Mickleham Rd and another on the present (No 85?) west of Mrs Hickeys. He said that both seemed to have been built in the early 1900s so it is unlikely that either was Gellibrand Cottage.

The first was probably built by Harry Swain. Seeing he owned all of lots 1-3, why wouldnt Harry have lived in Gellibrand Cottage? As Samuel Mansfield, who owned the property from 1864 until at least 1900 (he died on 24-8-1905) probably did not live there, the cottage was almost certainly derelict by the time Swain bought the 40 acres before W.W.1. Mansfield owned property fronting Keilor Rd and extending into the south west corner of Essendon Aerodrome where there was a house until about 1940, on the site of Airport West Shoppingtown and on the west side of McNabs Rd on the hill leading up to Mansfields Rd. Sam probably lived on his McNabs Rd property. In his Mickleham Road: 1920-1952, George Lloyd states: Farmers along there (left hand side heading towards Mickleham) were Len Butterworth (south of Freight Rd), then Wrights, Lockharts and Judds (between Freight Rd and the creek), Jack Orrs Kia Ora, Hattys Dundonnell (sic) and Harry Swain on the corner of Providence Lane. Around the corner there was a little Methodist church built in 1869.A few more houses and then you came to the Greenvale Sanitorium. The fact that George didnt know the residents down the lane, (most likely Amos Papworth on 19 acres including lot 4 and Walter Farmer on 66 acres, i.e.John Lawrencees old lots 6 and 7) shows that Harry Swains house must have been close to Mickleham Rd with a setback of only about 40 metres as stated. This house had to be demolished when the mansion on the corner of Swain St was built about ten years ago.
The second house, on the block past Mrs Hickeys, was demolished recently, but as it couldnt have been Gellibrand Cottage, it can be ignored. Proceeding past the giant house chimney being built as the first stage of a house, I came to some gigantic granite tors at the crest of the hill and then spotted what I was looking for, European plants of ancient vintage on vacant land. To my dismay, I found by walking due north that this site was west of the line of Section Rd and therefore on Section 1, not John Johnsons 40 acres. Perhaps the house which stood here was the one to which William Bond was guaranteed permanent access as a term of Duttons purchase (U 120).
On arriving home, I rang Mrs Hickey (actually her daughter), not a bad feat considering her number isnt in the phone book. She arrived in 1965 but seemed less sure about the two houses than her near neighbour. She did agree with his assessment of their age. Mrs Hickey did reveal that discussions with old Mrs Walters, lead her to believe that there were house foundations where the power line enters 75 Providence Lane. May Walters (nee Hilsberg) grew up on the corner of Bonds Lane and Mickleham Rd and later bought Ferdinand and Susan Lubecks house in Section Rd. This might have been Gellibrand Cottage. Mrs Hickey has undertaken to ask her mother in law, Mrs Irene Hickey, for further information. Apparently Irene was related to the Crinnions a very old family in the area. Mrs Hickey Jnr. asked me if I knew anything about the Crinnion’s farms and Im sure the material I will supply to them tomorrow will ensure their full cooperation.
WHILE LOOKING FOR DETAILS RE MAY WALTERS I DISCOVERED THAT HENTY PAPWORTH MARRIED ELIZABETH JOHNSON. They had nine children but Martha (3 YEARS OLD), Susannah (10 months), Sarah Ann (4 years) and Edward (17 years) were buried at Will Will Rook cemetery as were Elizabeth (died 1899 at 75) and Henry (!904 at 74).Sarah Jane and Martha Ann were baptised in the 1850's. (Greenvale:Links with the Past.)
neer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars purchase of the northern 200 acres of allotment C from the Machells on 7-6-1854, calls Somerton Rd the Deep Creek and Sydney Rd. Traffic from Deep Creek (Bulla) probably turned left at Mickleham Rd. My first supposition regarding Somerton Roads original name was probably wrong.later
It appears that William Bond, rather than Dutton, was the purchaser. Vol.398 folio 962 memorialises the conveyance of lot 5 from William Bond to James Musgrove on 17-1-1898 for 195 pounds. William Bond was described as a farmer of Bundalong South and James Musgrove, who ran an implements factory on the north west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, was described as an engineer of Greenvale.
Mallows hadnt bought part of lot 6.An inspection of V.814 f.559 and 560 of 3-9-1982, revealed that it concerned the Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (Victoria) being vested as successor to the registered proprietors of the church. William Bond, Thomas Mallows, Henry Papworth, Thomas Stranks, Thomas Collett, John Kingshott (blacksmith of Broadmeadows Township who was appointed to that townships schools Board of Advice so it wouldnt consist entirely of Presbyterians) and William Edis were probably appointed as the churchs trustees in the 1870s. The memorial was probably needed to transfer the property to the new body when the Methodist and Presbyterian churches merged.

It seems that Paul Clegg died and his land was conveyed to Mary Elizabeth Cuthbert, whose previous name was Mary Elizabeth Clegg. Mary came into possession of the land (V.474 f.431) and then sold two portions to Murray Dean (V.485 folios 175 and 726.) Murray Henry Dean then sold land to Heinrick W.Shreck on 24-11-1925 (516 790) and 3 acres 6 perches to Walter Watkins at about the same time. On 26-4-1938, Dean sold 6 acres 3 roods on the Section/Providence Rd corner to Henry Victor Palmer for 200 pounds. At the time Dean was living at 12 Royal Ave, North Essendon and Palmer was described as an auctioneer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars purchase of the northern 200 acres of allotment C from the Machells on 7-6-1854, calls Somerton Rd the Deep Creek and Sydney Rd. Traffic from Deep Creek (Bulla) probably turned left at Mickleham Rd. My first supposition regarding Somerton Roads original name was probably wrong.later
It appears that William Bond, rather than Dutton, was the purchaser. Vol.398 folio 962 memorialises the conveyance of lot 5 from William Bond to James Musgrove on 17-1-1898 for 195 pounds. William Bond was described as a farmer of Bundalong South and James Musgrove, who ran an implements factory on the north west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, was described as an engineer of Greenvale.
Mallows hadnt bought part of lot 6.An inspection of V.814 f.559 and 560 of 3-9-1982, revealed that it concerned the Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (Victoria) being vested as successor to the registered proprietors of the church. William Bond, Thomas Mallows, Henry Papworth, Thomas Stranks, Thomas Collett, John Kingshott (blacksmith of Broadmeadows Township who was appointed to that townships schools Board of Advice so it wouldnt consist entirely of Presbyterians) and William Edis were probably appointed as the churchs trustees in the 1870s. The memorial was probably needed to transfer the property to the new body when the Methodist and Presbyterian churches merged.

It seems that Paul Clegg died and his land was conveyed to Mary Elizabeth Cuthbert, whose previous name was Mary Elizabeth Clegg. Mary came into possession of the land (V.474 f.431) and then sold two portions to Murray Dean (V.485 folios 175 and 726.) Murray Henry Dean then sold land to Heinrick W.Shreck on 24-11-1925 (516 790) and 3 acres 6 perches to Walter Watkins at about the same time. On 26-4-1938, Dean sold 6 acres 3 roods on the Section/Providence Rd corner to Henry Victor Palmer for 200 pounds. At the time Dean was living at 12 Royal Ave, North Essendon and Palmer was described as an auctioneer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?

VOLUME U FOLIO 382.
On 2-2-1853, John Johnson paid the Machells 94 pounds to purchase lot 1 of their subdivision, which consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Commencing a chain (the width of Mickleham Rd) from the south east corner of allotment C, its boundary went 13.5 chains west, 10 chains north along the lot 2 boundary, 13.1 chains east along a one chain road (Providence Lane) and then south 10 chains to the commencing point.
Mickleham Road was wrongly described as running along the eastern boundary of section 2 to the Sydney road. Mickleham Rd actually bisects section 2; it runs along the eastern boundary of allotment C. The interesting point is that with Somerton Rd being called the Sydney road, much traffic to Sydney and McIvors Diggings must have turned right there instead of continuing past Marnong and Donnybrook Lane onto Old Sydney Rd, which emerges at Wallan.

VOLUME 143 FOLIO 996.
On 14-10-1864, Samuel Mansfield (related through later Johnson & Hickox weddings) bought lots 1,2 and 3 of the Machells subdivision from John Johnson for 250 pounds. This was almost certainly the farm (N.A.V.18 pounds) on which John Johnston was assessed in 1863. Lot 1 consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Lots 2 and 3 each consisted of 13 acres and 2 roods. The western boundary of lot 3, which was at the south west corner of allotment C, adjoined allotment B (the eastern half of the former timber reserve).
Lots 1-3, described as 40 acres and owned by Sam Mansfield and later Harry Swaine, were bounded by the line of Swain St, a southerly extension of Section Rd, Providence Rd and Mickleham Rd. ( Melway reference 178, H/11.) Was Gellibrand Cottage on that 40 acres?

Gilmore. W.Gilmore was a resident of Broadmeadows Township and must have been listed as a blacksmith in the 1863 assessments. It is likely that the surname was actually Gilmour. Hugh Gilmour was later a coach proprietor.

John Lavars established his hotel at Greenvale on the south west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds, not on the north west corner as on a map in "Greenvale :Links with the Past" by Annette Davis. The developer must have done a bit of checking and found the frequent error, LAVERS. See the titles information under JOHNSON above re John Lavars' purchases on Machell's subdivision.

20. R.K.Morgan had started his engineering business before W.W.2 on Pascoe Vale Rd. In 1961 the firm bought 35 acres of Gowanbrae on the flood plain from Stanley Korman's company,the Stanhill Group, and built the bridge across the Moonee Ponds Creek, which now forms part of the walking track. By 1978, Broadmeadows Council leased one of the disused buildings for a basketball stadium; a junior team from Tullamarine, run by a Spring St resident (whose name I have unfortunately forgotten) and myself, played there. Due to a lack of toilet and changing facilities, the council ended the lease at the end of 1982 and the basketball stadium was built near the Leisure Centre.
The rest of Gowanbrae, Ansell and (Neil) Cowan's dairy farm until about 1958 when Korman bought it, was now used for horse agistment apart from the drive-in at the north west corner. By the end of the 1980's Basil Elms was planning the subdivision of Gowanbrae. A change of Government in the early 1990's saw many cost-cutting reforms, such as amalgamation of councils, and the R.K. Morgan site was now in the City of Moreland. When a developer bought the Morgan land to subdivide, this council placed an advertisement asking for street names which were to meet certain criteria; they must have been as dismayed as I was about Basil Elm's choice of street names on the rest of Gowanbrae. One aim was to honour pioneering women and another was to do with the area's heritage.
C.P.Billot's "Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" was a warts and all tale about the City of Moreland pioneer. His teenage years were spent among convicts and his playmates would have probably been foul-mouthed, unwashed louts. His feelings for convicts earned him hard labour at Coal River (Newcastle) when he built a boat for some of them to escape from Van Dieman's Land. His father had been transported to Sullivans Bay at Sorrento in 1803, and young John and his mother had accompanied John senior. Collins moved his convicts to Hobart and John's father got his ticket of leave and a grant of land. Any income that came from the farm was squandered by young John's drunken father.

After putting up with the harsh conditions at Sorrento, having to support herself and her son while her husband served his sentence and enduring the convict stain all that time, one could imagine that for Hannah to see her husband pouring her hopes of a new life down his throat would have been the last straw. Her chance to escape such misery came at last; she had to return to England to claim an inheritance. But she returned and the inheritance almost certainly helped young John to become successful.

Youths before the courts usually blame bad influences for their misbehaviour and, as you can see, John Fawkner junior had bad influences in spadefuls. So how was young John steered through this minefield of peer pressure to become a model citizen. Billot claimed that John junior adopted Hannah's maiden name as a tribute to his mother upon her death, so this makes the answer pretty obvious. The following is an entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND which gives a few more details about Hannah, her husband and the inheritance.

PASCOE.
This was the maiden name of a woman who performed miracles in Victoria 32 years before Melbourne was settled and later in Van Diemans Land. She was married to a silversmith who was convicted of stealing some raw material and when he was transported as a foundation inmate of Collins settlement at Sorrento, her love was so great that she decided to transport herself, as a free settler, to what could only be a hell-hole in a place untrod by the white man. She also took her young son John with her. Because Collins was unaware of Charles Grimes exploration of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers, and lack of fresh water was a problem at Sorrento, Collins moved to the site of Hobart. There, as in their short time at Sorrento, young John was surrounded by convicts who were illiterate, lazy, foul-mouthed, and drunk whenever the chance arose; most of the women convicts behaved like harlots. And yet in this environment Hannah instilled industrious and virtuous habits in her son although he naturally sympathised with the convicts. On 4-8-1806, presumably taking her 13 year old boy, she returned to England to collect an inheritance and seeing decent society again, she must have been sorely tempted to stay. But return she did and probably with her money supplying a kick-start, John demonstrated his versatility in business as a baker, firewood and timber dealer, publican, orchardist, newspaperman, bookseller and stationer. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825, John Fawkner Jnr. adopted her maiden name as his middle name as a mark of respect. If Hannah had not loved her unworthy husband enough to follow him halfway around the world, or if she had allowed her son to be corrupted by his environment, or if she had stayed in England to enjoy her inheritance, Victorias history would have been greatly different. (See F.26-30 for more details).


THE STUDEBAKER.

TULLAMARINE (By the Spirit of Tullamarine.)

MORE TULLAMARINE MEMORIES. (By the Spirit of Tullamarine.)

GLADSTONE PARK.

UP BULLA WAY.

THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON.(See the MANSFIELD journal.)
This story was told to me by Wally Mansfield in 1988-9. Both the poem and the court case between John and David Mansfield appear in the journal PIONEERS OF TULLAMARINE: MANSFIELD. David Mansfield had inherited "Roseleigh" whose homestead still stands in Mansfield Rd. The land north and south of Mansfield Rd had been bought from the Crown by John Pascoe Fawkner (on behalf of his cooperative) and subdivided in the early 1850's. Many of those who bought land on the north side moved on, the Grays near Deep Creek being one notable exception. Thus Roseleigh occupied blocks on both sides of the road. John Mansfield's property, probably "The Pines", was nearer the McNab Rd corner (Farnes Corner) and by erecting a fence across Mansfield Rd at the eastern end of his property on the north side of the road, David had denied John access to the water in Deep Creek. That the judge had indeed given the advice quoted in the poem is made highly likely by his refusal to consider the affidavit!

RITCHIE'S FOE.

THE HATTYS OF DUNDONALD.(SEE THE COMMENTS BELOW.)

THE EARLY 1970'S.


3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

RICHARD EDWARD GILSENAN OF BULLA, ELTHAM AND TRENTHAM, VIC., AUST.

Information about Bulla's schoolteacher from about 1885 who was teaching at Trentham by 1893 and owned a property at Eltham where he became a Justice of the Peace can be found in the GILSENAN entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. If his wife, Harriet (nee Wilkins),was like most mothers of the bride she must have spent most of 1904 planning weddings and knitting clothes for the expected grandchildren!

You'll never guess the clever name the Watsons had for their farm at Trentham!

ROBERT CALDWELL OF "DROMANA HILL", VIC., AUST., AND OTHER PENINSULA CALDWELLS.

Caldwell Rd, an uphill continuation of McCulloch St in Dromana, was named after Robert Caldwell. Although he lost his properties in the parish of Kangerong through insolvency, he was heavily involved in the area's progress in its early days, such as moves to obtain a pier,the formation of the Kangerong Road Board, and being one of the three trustees for the recreation reserve. I discovered his insolvency while trying to determine the location of 173 acres in the parish of Kangerong occupied by William Henry Blakeley in 1876 and 1877. There is no mention of Dromana in the following or the Victoria Parliament website so this journal is intended to give a more complete picture of this pioneer. I will describe the locations of his properties in the Dromana district and supply material from trove in connection with statements made above. He did not move to Queensland in 1861 as implied by the following. I also intend to mention the Victorian Meat Preserving Co.


ROBERT CALDWELL, MERCHANT, POLITICIAN, & FOUNDER ...
www.auspostalhistory.com/articles/1831.shtml‎

Robert Caldwell was born 1815 in Portobello a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland and he established a business of Caldwell Brothers in Edinburgh. He had been educated in Edinburgh at the New Academy and Queens College. He arrived in Melbourne in 1852 and became a partner in Callender, Caldwell & Co., a firm of merchants until ca. 1860. In 1860 he was appointed to the Royal commission for Harbour improvements. He was then involved in various enterprises in Victoria, Queensland and Darwin until 1875, when he purchased the wine business of J.T. Fallon & Sons. He was a successful exhibitor of wines in the Melbourne Exhibition of 1880-1881. He opened up a market in India for colonial wines and was the founder and president of the Australian Wine Association. His firm, known as Caldwell & Co., became Caldwells Australian Wine Company Ltd in 1888 after his death. He was the author of The Gold Era of Victoria. A colourfull advert for Calldwells The Wine of Life is seen in Figure 4.

In addition he was President of the Chamber of Manufactures 1884-1885 and a director of Hobsons Bay Railway Co., the Colonial Bank, as well as commissioner of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition in 1886. He was elected the Member of the Legislative Assembly for West Melbourne in October 1859 until July 1861, when he resigned on account of his poor health in Victoria, and he moved to the warmer climate of Queensland. He had married Elizabeth Cooper in 1856 at St. Kilda, Melbourne and they had 3 sons and several daughters. He died on 7 August 1887 at Brisbane, Queensland.

The death of Robert Caldwell is recorded in The Argus (Melbourne) dated 9 August 1887, two days after his death at Brisbane. He was described as of the firm of R. Caldwell and Co., wine merchants, Collins-street west, who held for many years a prominent position in mercantile circles, and who was especially active in recent years in promoting the Australian wine industry. He had caught a severe cold 2 years ago and it settled on his lungs, and he never recovered from it. The business of his firm, during his absence on account of ill health, was conducted by his son Robert Caldwell Junior, who had lately been admitted into it as a partner. In May last, under medical advice, he took a trip to Queensland for the purpose of escaping the severity of the Victorian winter. His death at Brisbane was stated to be due to bronchitis. The firm of Caldwell Brothers in Edinburgh was still in existence, but he had severed his connection with his brother.

He had a short period in Melbourne when he started the Victorian Meat-Preserving Company, of which he was the managing director at the same time as being in the Victorian Parliament; the company was not a success, and he went to Queensland where he took up a station and began sheep breeding. He had a few prosperous seasons followed by his prospects being shattered by the drought and the low price of wool. He gave up pastoral pursuits, returned from Queensland, settled in Warrnambool, Victoria, opened another meat preserving factory, but was not successful in that industry due to a glut of preserved meats, both locally and in England.

He next went to Port Darwin with stores and traded with nearby islands, as well as having a pearl fisheries interest which was very remunerative, but the climate was not to his liking. His next venture was to buy the Lake Albert Vineyard, near Wagga Wagga N.S.W. Unfortunately his obituary was not in a clear dated order, and I suspect that he never entered into the meat preserving business for a second time! His body was returned from Brisbane for burial in the Melbourne General Cemetery.

I acknowledge that I have abstracted information on Robert Caldwell from the Parliament of Victorias website.


ROBERT CALDWELL'S WIDOW.
McKENZIECALDWELL.--On the 2nd July, at "Bramber," Middle Brighton, by the Rev.Chas. Ross, of Darlington, the Rev.D.McKenzie, Clifton Hill, to Elizabeth, widow of the late Robert Caldwell, wine merchant, Melbourne.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 1 August 1903 p 9 Family Notices)

ROBERT CALDWELL'S GRANTS.
Crown allotment 4 of section 3,parish of Kangerong, consisted of 297 acres 2 roods and 29 perches. Known as "Dromana Hill",it was bounded on the west by the wedge-shaped town common (later the gravel reserve, )with frontages to Boundary Rd and a now-closed road (indicated by the boundary between the quarry land and Arthurs Seat State Park at the bottom of Melway 159 J-K12.) The Boundary Rd frontage can be shown by extending the quarry land boundaries northward; roughly between Nos.273 and 205.

Crown allotment 10B, no section, consisting of 172 acres 1 rood and 36 perches was granted on 30-1-1868. Bounded on the east by Sheehan's Rd (the original south end of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was made)it had frontages to Tumbywood Rd of 728 metres and Arthurs Seat Rd of 207 metres. The western boundary is indicated by extending the eastern boundary of the Holmes Rd Reserve (Melway 190 G2) to the north and south boundaries.

THE INSOLVENCY.
THIS DAY. DROMANA. Sale by Public Auction of Two Valuable Properties in the Parish of Kangerong.
RESIDENCE, VINEYARD, ORCHARD, and 297a. 2r. 29p. And FARMING BLOCK of 172a. lr. 36p.
In the Insolvent Estate ot Robert Caldwell. By Order of R. E. Jacomb, Esq., Official Assignee For Positive and Absolute Sale.
Terms-One-fourth Cash, Balance 6, 12, and l8 Months, bearing 8 per Cent Interest.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured witb instructions from R. E Jacomb, Esq., official assignee to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at 82 Collins-street west, on Monday, January 30, at two o'clock,
Tho following landed properties, viz -
Lot 1.-297a. 2r. 29p., parish of Kangerong, fenced in with three-rail fence and subdivided.
Improvements,-Eight room wooden house and cellar, partly plastered, verandah in front, tank and several permanent springs. Large quantity saleable timber. 10 acres of orchard, partly pipe drained. About 10 acres of vineyard, six years planted. About two acres of vegetable and flower garden, shrubs of all kinds.

This is tho property that Mr. Caldwell has disbursed upwards of 4000 upon to make into a sea side family
residence and vineyard. It is situate three-quarters of a mile from Dromana Jetty, and is admitted to be
one of the most beautiful sites in Dromana, and for healthy atmosphere and sea air not to be surpassed.

Lot 2 -172a. lr. 36p., part of Section 10, parish of Kangerong, fenced in with three rail fence. Permanent water-holes and running spring. Rich chocolate soil. Surrounded by farms. About two miles and a half from Dromana Jetty.
Mr. Watkin, of the Dromana Hotel, will direct intending purchasers to the properties. These two lots are for absolute sale by order of the official assignee. Title perfect. Terms-One-fourth cash, balance 6, 12, and l8 months, bearing eight per. cent. interest. Sale takes place at 82 Collins-street west, on Monday, January 30 at two o'clock. (P.2, Argus, 30-1-1871.)

The 297 acre property, known as "Dromana-Hill" had been extensively advertised at the start of 1867 and in 1868 but had failed to sell.

FIND ADV.RE ABOVE.
FOR ABSOLUTE SALE DROMANA-HILL ESTATE And PHAROS VINEYARD
(By auction on 8th April, if not sold privately).
This is one of the most healthy and picturesque summer residences. The property consists of over 460 acres, 297 of which are within 10 minutes' walk of the jetty, and 160 on the mountain, all fenced in and subdivided.
Tho following are some of the special features of this estate :
1. The climate is exceedingly equal, and free from hot or cold winds.
2. The beach for sea bathing Is unsurpassed.
3. The vineyard and orchard are now bearing largely, and will yield a handsome return.
4. Tho vegetable-garden can be irrigated by the natural fall of the creek; tho reserve of water could be
greatly increased.
5. The success of the orange trees proves the mildness of the climate.
6. About 100 acres are of rich chocolate soil, the remainder is good loam.
7. Abundance of fine granite can be had on the estate, and could be easily shipped to Melbourne at the jetty.
8. Several permanent wells of good water are on the property, and a small stream runs through it.
9. A coach runs daily, and a steamboat weekly, brings it within a few hours of Melbourne.
10. The Jetty is one of tho finest in tho bay.
Apply, for further information and for order to view tho property, to Mr. CALDWELL, 32 Queen-street : or to Mr.BYRNE, Collins-street.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 2 February 1867 p 8 Advertising)

Beautiful Property for Absolute Sale.
DROMANA-HILL,
ARTHUR'S SEAT.
To Merchants, Retired Gentlemen, and Guardians.
GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. have received in-
structions to SELL by AUCTION, on tho
ground, on Frida}, 0th Mnrch, at one o'clock,
The beautiful property know n as
Dromana hill,
Arthur's Seat.
Together with tho Btock, including
Horses, cows. Brittany bull, Shetland pony, Ac
Also. - '
Stosk of colonial wjno, vintages 1866 and 1807.
For particulars see " Australasian."
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 February 1868 p 3 Advertising)


PIER.
DROMANA.
Messrs. Caldwell and Lyall, M.L.A.'s, waited upon Mr. Francis, for the purpose of asking him to cause to be placed on the Estimates the sum of 2,000, for the construction of a jetty at Dromana.
Mr. FRANCIS, in reply, said that as there was no municipality at Dromana, the people of the district should endeavour to subscribe a sum of money, and then go to the Government to get it supplemented. He thought the best plan for the deputation to adopt would be to postpone the application, as at present it was the intention of the Government to stop many of the public works, there not being sufficient money to carry them on.
The deputation then withdrew.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 7 December 1859 p 5 Article)

The following could not be fixed on trove and I have only corrected a part. It might make readers appreciate how much work is required to present a readable article etc.

Mr. CALDWELL said he could not allow the motion to go to the vote without some remark as his name had been introduced in connoxhwith it on a former occasion. He believed that the present was a really hard case, for the persons living at Dromana were principally lime burners, wood-cutters, and fishermen, and they had been promised what on all hands was acknowledged to be necessary. So necessary was it oonsidered by the late Government, that they had promised to put a sum on the Estimates for the present year. 30,000 hod been derived from the sale of land in the district, and all tho money which had been expended in any shape amounted to only 11,000 pounds, therefore there was a large margin left.

For the Gipps Land district 000 had boon vot a few nights ago, and it would be found thal larger sum was expended thero than was rcceiv from tho sale of land. There were peculiar advantages in the Dromana district. For instance tho Government got all their best timber there for sleepers, piles, and telegraph posts; in fact 26,000 tons of produce were annually shipped from the place. The whole of the traffic was done by men wading up to the neck in water, there being not the least pier accommodation. He should support tho motion. -if'a * t . ' 1 .; ; (Bottom of Column 4, P.6,Argus, 19-6-1861.)

(The lime burners were mainly operating west of Boneo Rd and John Campbell, a former Dromana resident, supposedly erected the first Rye Pier in 1860. The beach road was so bad that a pier at Dromana would not have been much good for them, especially since it would be another five years until Ned Williams cut a road around Anthony's Nose and the lime burners would have had to wait for low tide and travel around this obstacle on the beach sand. It wouldn't have been of much benefit for fishermen either because if vessels bound for Melbourne were delayed by contrary conditions, as they often were, their catches would have rotted. Being a skilful politician, Robert did not bother to point out these facts.)

Fruit Trees for China
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 9 October 1936 p 5 Article
... Fruit Trees for China SOMERVILLE, Thursday. shipment A shipment or fruit trees has been sent to China by Messrs. Caldwell Bros., St Johns Nurseries, Somerville. This is claimed to be the first shipment of its kind to be sent from Victoria to China.



NOT STANDING 1861.
TO the ELECTORS of WEST MELBOURNE
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 31 July 1861 p 8 Article
... TO the ELECTORS of WEST MELBOURNE Gentlemen, CALDWELL I have to announce to you that I shall not at present offer myself for re-election. ROBERT CALDWELL Dromana, July 29. .

CHILDREN BORN AT DROMANA HILL.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 10 March 1864 p 4 Family Notices
... BIRTHS. CALDWELL.-On the 4th inst., at Dromana-hill, Dromana, the wife of Robert Caldwell, Esq., of a daughter.

DROMANA COMMON SCHOOL.
APPOIHTMENTS.-School Committees.
Jamieson School - Bear Rapiport, J.P., H.A. Berger, J.P., Thomas Smallman, Alexander McLean, James Cole Webb, George Harrison, R.N., Alfred Goulding, Julius Kaeppel, Wm. Green Power, Peter Gleeson,Rev. Frederick Smith; Albion School Joseph Solomon, Alfred Newman ; Dromana School - Robert Caldwell;etc.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 1 February 1866 p 6 Article)

ROAD BOARD.
KANGERONG ROAD DISTRICT. (COMMUNICATED.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 8 December 1862 p 6 Article
... KANGERONG ROAD DISTRICT. (COMMUNICATED.) A meeting of landholders and householders in the newly-formed road district of Kangerong, in the county of Mornington, having been convened for ... Mr. Caldwell said it was not necessary that the chairman should be either a land- holder or

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 21 July 1863 p 8 Advertising
... inclusive. ROBERT CALDWELL, Esq., J.P. - Sir.- His Excellency the Governor having proclaimed by notice in the Government Gazette the Road District, of Kangerong, we, the undersigned land- id ... p.m., for the purpose above stated. ROBERT CALDWELL, J P. 17th July. 1863.

KANGERONG DISTRICT ROAD BOARD.
Public notice is hereby given, that an ELECTION for one member of the above Board will be held at the office of the Board on Thursday, the 10th day of August, 1865, in room of Mr. John Creighton. (CRICHTON!)
Candidates to be nominated in accordance with the provisions of the 84th and 85th clauses of the Local
Government Act, No. 176.
And I hereby appoint Mr. Richard Watkin to receive candidates' nomination papers and deposits.
ROBERT CALDWELL, Returning Officer.
In accordance with the above notice, I will receive,at my residence, the Dromana Hotel, candidates' nomination papers and deposits, until 3 o'clock p.m. on Wednesday, the 2nd day of August, 1865.
RICHARD WATKIN.
Road Board Office, Dromana, July 26,1865.

KANGERONG ROAD DISTRICT -Notice is hereby given that an ELECTION for two AUDITORS for the above board will be held at the office of tho board, on Thursday, tho 1st March, 1866, at 12 o'clock noon.
ROBERT CALDWELL, Chairman, Road Board Office, Dromana Hotel, February 21, 1866.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 24 February 1866 p 7 Advertising)

PARK TRUSTEE.
APPOINTMENTS.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 September 1863 p 5 Article))
To be a committee of management of the land reserved for a public park at Dromana, viz --Godfrey Howitt, Esq., M.D. ; Robert Caldwell, Esq., J.P. ; William Grace, Esq ;Joseph Brooks Burrell, Esq.; and Edward Latrobe Bateman, Esq.
(See Burrell below. William Grace was granted Gracefield, 249 acres on the east side of Caldwell Rd, and with Robert Caldwell and Henry Everest Adams was a pioneer of wine production in the area. The Gracefield Hotel, on the site of the original part of the Rye Hotel, was built on William Grace's grants by his son in law, Patrick Sullivan. Godfrey Howitt was granted all the land between Boneo Rd and the coast in the parish of Fingal from the (Old)Cape Schanck Rd junction to the Cape Schanck turn off. Edward Latrobe Bateman was a cousin of Governor Latrobe and an architect who is believed to have designed Anderson's "Barragunda" and "Heronswood." He received the grant for the triangular 9A Fingal at Melway 253 B8.)

DROMANA CEMETERY.
THE GAZETTE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 18 May 1863 p 6 Article
Joseph Brooks Burrell, Robert Caldwell, and James Ford, to be the trustees of the cemetery at Dromana.
(Burrell had taken over Andrew McCrae's Arthur's Seat Run in 1851. James Ford, transported for damaging machinery during the Industrial Revolution, pioneered and named Portsea and later received grants for the Wannaeue Estate, part of which is now the Rosebud Country Club.)

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
APPOINTMENTS.-To be added to the roll of magistrates for the colony of Victoria :
....... Robert Caldwell, Esq. (J.P. for Melbourne), Dromana ; etc.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 22 June 1867 p 7 Article)

ROBERT CALDWELL, POLITICAL MUSSEL MAN!
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 11 September 1867 p 4 Article
... Robert Caldwell, of Dromana, stating that large quantities of very fine mussels had been found in that neighbourhood ; and Mr. Caldwell suggested that if logs of wood were placed in the shallow water ..




VICTORIAN MEAT PRESERVING COMPANY.
VICTORIA.
Melbourne, October, 13.
Mr. Caldwell, the squatter, has filed his schedule, - with liabilities stated at 7,000, and assets 3,000. The causes of bankruptcy have been losses in pastoral pursuits in Queensland. He was formerly a member of the Assembly, and is now Manager for the Victorian Meat-Preserving Company.
(South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Friday 14 October 1870 p 5 Article)

I had a feeling that the company's works were at Maribyrnong or Ascot Vale West but it was actually in Melbourne; no wonder they called it Smellbourne!

Tho origin of the company is interesting and properly dates from the time that Mr R. Caldwell, the present managing partner met Mr. R. M'Cracken, the present practical manager. The attention of the former (once a prominent member of the Legislative Assembly in Queensland, and subsequently engaged in squatting pursuits had for some time been directed towards meat preserving and in Mr. M'Cracken he found one who had long been practically acquainted with the work,(in Tasmania) etc.
Premises- a long range of two-storey bluestone buildings in Gallagher's-lane running off Bourke street west, just behind the old Rose of Australia Hotel, and still occupied by tho company-were taken, and work begun.
(Extracts from article:P.6, Argus, 20-4-1870.)
Soon after, the company moved to Stony Creek.
stony creek victorian meat preserving company pier
vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/places/result_detail/13780?print=true‎
The Victorian Meat Preserving Company occupied this site from the (1860's????????) until 1880. Despite the fact that no archaeological evidence exists, it is probable that ...



They say that burning off fat is the result of hectic activity but in this case hectic activity was the result of "burning off" fat, for Robert and his employees.
THE FIRE AT THE VICTORIAN MEAT-PRESERVING COMPANY'S WORKS.
The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (NSW : 1864 - 1881) Wednesday 10 May 1871 p 4 Article
... THE FIRE AT THE VICTORIAN MEAT-PRESERVING PRESERVING COMPANY'S WORKS. (From the Daily Telegraph.)


OTHER CALDWELL GRANTS.(OTHER PARISHES TOO, AND SOMERVILLE/CHINA.)
Crown allotment 2, section 2, Kangerong was granted to W.Caldwell, who may have been related to Robert. Consisting of 167 acres, with 400 metre frontages to the Nepean Highway and Boundary Rd,it is bisected by Shergold's Lane. Its western and eastern boundaries can be plotted on Melway by measuring 2cm either side of Shergold's Lane (18mm on maps in Superpages.)

I presume the grantee was W.R.Caldwell whose daughter's birth notice follows.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 25 January 1866 p 4 Family Notices
... Caldwell, Dromana, of a daughter.

J.Caldwell, 34A, Balnarring, granted on 11-2-1876, consisting of 131 acres 3 roods 7 perches and situated at the south east corner of Stanleys and Merricks Rds. Being east of Red Hill Rd, this land would have been in the east riding of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong.

The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated and constituted the shire of Flinders and Kangerong. In the following August in '75 all the members were disbanded; four candidates were nominated for three in the west riding and he (John Cain)was successful and has never been opposed since. His colleagues were Messrs W.B. Ford and Robert Anderson, the latter held the seat till three years ago(John Barker jun, S. Tuck, and Geo.Henderson centre riding), (David Mairs, Caldwell and Robert Wighton east riding).
(MUNICIPAL MEMS. PRESIDENT JOHN CAIN.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 11 October 1900 Edition: MORNING. p 3 Article)

Extract from my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.
CALDWELL John. 1875-6 Grantees in the parish of Kangerong bore the same surname and Caldwell Rd in Dromana recalls this. J.Caldwell was the grantee of 34A (on 11-2-1876) and 35A Balnarring, which fronted the east side of Merricks Rd between Stanleys Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 192 F 6-8 roughly.) As all the Kangerong Caldwells had left, this was probably John, making him an east riding councillor.

Oops,my memory is better than my eyesight! 35A Balnarring of 94 acres and 24 perches and granted on 14-4-1875, was south of 34A with a northern boundary of 581 acres and a southern frontage to Frankston-Flinders Rd of 170 metres. John's frontage to the east side of Merricks Rd stretched from Stanleys Rd to Frankston-Flinders Rd.

CALDWELL.--On the 31st ult., at Balnarring, James Caldwell, brother of the late John Caldwell, native of Beith, Ayrshire Scotland, aged 66 years.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 9 June 1892 p 1 Family Notices)

CALDWELL-INGRAM.-On the 26th Inst, at 8 Westgarth-street, Fitzroy, by James Taylor, Baptist minister, Mr. John Caldwell, of Balnarring, to Miss Violet Ingram.
(This would seem to indicate that John was not the Somerville pioneer.)

CALDWELL- On the 10th inst, at his residence,Balnarring, after a short illness, John Caldwell, native of Beath, Ayrshire, aged 67. A colonist of 38 years.
( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 27 December 1890 p 1 Family Notices)


PROGRESSIVE SOMERVILLE.
THE NURSERIES AND ORCHARDS:No. II,
MESSRS. J. M. CALDWELL AND SONS,
The orchard owned and occupied by Messrs.J. Caldwell and Sons is situated about two and a half miles from the railway station, and stands on the summit of a steep hill, comprising in all about 146 acres.The area however used for cultivation purposes is only 30 acres, the remainder being used for grazing stock, etc.
Unlike the majority of orchardists in the district the Messrs Caldwell are not adepts in horticultural. Prior to their removal to Somerville five years ago, they had no knowledge whatever of this particular industry, having being compelled to resort to it as a means of livelihood owing to a reversal of fortune,and they owe what knowledge they at present possess to the kindness of their neighbours. Since their residence in the district they have been very active in matters connected with the welfare of the place, and were amongst the promoters of the shows recently held at Somerville, the eldest son being secretary of the Somerville Fruit
growers' Association. The orchard is rather overstocked, owing to the trees being originally planted too close which has had a prejudicial effect upon them, and caused them to be rather stunted in their growth, but the Messrs. Caldwell are gradually thinning them out. Notwithstanding this, the fruit grown is of a superior quality, some splendid specimens being shown at the local shows, at which they were large prize-takers. As an instance of the quantity of fruit grown, during the first year 4,200 cases of fruit were sent away, exclusive of which about 90 cases of Early Margarets were given to the pigs.

This year, however, the yield was not nearly so large, the most noticeable falling off being in the Five Crown
apple, trees usually bearing from 10 cases downwards only bearing an average a little over half a case. Out of
a whole row of this particular kind of fruit only one and a half cases were obtained. Prices have also been correspondingly low this season. Two seasons ago as high a price as 15s per case was obtained for the Rome Beauty apple, but at present the price ranges from about 4s 6d up to 6s per case. The former was the highest price obtained during the season. The yield of some varieties of apples have, however, been just as good as ever, notably the Italian Red, 11 cases being got off one tree. It is the custom of the Messrs. Caldwell
to put burnt ashes around the foot of the trees in the place of manure, which they find has the effect of giving the fruit a rich bright color. The ashes are not specially burnt for the purpose,but are taken from the logs which have been burnt in the paddock, as well as those from household use. This does not apply to all of the trees, only a few being treated in this manner. The fruit held over when packed is placed in racks specially built for the purpose in the fruit room, then covered over with cloths, the fruit being picked
over from time to time in order to allow of any that may have become bruised being sorted out. At present
the firm have 100 cases of Stone Pippin in stock, besides which they have between 200 and 900 cases of apples of other varieties, including the Shepherd's Perfection, Light Aromatic, Rome Beauty, Italian Red, Cleopatra,
Nicker Jack and others, all of which are in splendid condition and of good quality, the Shepherd's Perfection being of a beautiful colour, more so than usual, owing, as the Messrs. Caldwell aver, to the use of the ashes above described. A small plot of ground is planted out with young shoots, which when ready will he transplanted into the orchard.

Mr. Caldwell, senior, and his two sons, do all the work connected with the orchard. By the courtesy of Mr.
J. M. Caldwell our representative was accorded a peep at the collection of preserves shows by Mrs. J. M. Cald-
well at the local show, for which she gained the first prize two years in succession. At present the collection
numbers nearly 100 varieties, all of which are ranged on shelves in the pantry two and three deep. Our repre-
sentative was informed that it was the intention of Mrs. J. M.Caldwell not to compete at the next show, but possibly before the time arrives that lady may be prevailed upon to once more enter the lists.
(Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 2 July 1896 Edition: MORNING p 3 Article)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 26 December 1899 p 1 Family Notices
... and M. K. Ballantyne, late of Brighton, Victoria. CALDWELL.-On the 25th December, at the r ... -street, Abbotsford, Ellen Carley Caldwell, the beloved mother of J. M. Caldwell, of Somerville, and sister of Margaret Manson, Jane Harper, and Penelope Shegog, aged 83 years

CALDWELL.-On September 25, at St.John's, Somerville. Elizabeth Northey, relict of the late John Manson Caldwell,and loving mother of James and Benjamin, in her 94th year. (Interred at Frankston on September 26.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 28 September 1943 p 2 Family Notices)

ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-1918, ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

Every Anzac Day, a large crowd assembles near the Edna Dunk memorial clock to honour our Anzacs. Tonight I discovered that the Dromana Historical Society and the Dromana R.S.L. have received funding for an Anzac Centenary project but the Rosebud lads will not be included. This has prompted me to write about those named on Rosebud Primary School's ROLL OF HONOUR. Few of those who assemble for the Anzac Day ceremony would be aware of the roll of honour and the Rosebud R.S.L. may well be unaware of its existence. Those most likely to know about the Roll of Honour are the youngsters from Rosebud Primary School where it is displayed prominently near the office. It honours former pupils of the school. In 2010,I recorded the names of those who served in W.W.1 when I started my research into the history of Rosebud and the Mornington Peninsula and last year,on Anzac Day, I wrote a short journal about the Anzacs from Rosebud and Tullamarine. At Rosebud, there is also a roll of honour for those who served in W.W.2 and I plan to include them later in this journal.

My search for information about the roll of honour and those named on it is not going to be as easy as I thought it would be, but the following is of interest.
Land subdivision in the Rosebud area made building blocks available and additional families settled in the area. Rosebud State School, number 2627, was served by a number of Head Teachers over the years and when war broke out in 1914 Mr Charles Perrin was in charge. He volunteered for war service in the last term of 1915 and was replaced as Head Teacher by Mr Andrew Allingham who was to stay on as Head Teacher until the end of 1927.

Local men who joined the Army are listed on the 1914-18 Honour Roll which has been kept at the school. For many years it hung over the fireplace in Room 2 but is now mounted on the wall outside the office.


Mr Charles Perrin, the former Head Teacher, was killed in action in 1918.
(History - Rosebud Primary School
www.rosebudps.vic.edu.au/index.php/history‎)


ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-1918.(*= SUPREME SACRIFICE.)
ADAMS R.W,; BAKER E.; CAIRNS G.B., C; CARLETON G; CONNOP J.E.; COUPER G.; CORNELL P., JAMES, JOHN;
DUNK L.A.; HOBLEY R.?*, G.,J; JAMES E.; McCORMICK K.; McGILLVRAY JAMES*,JOHN, ARCH.,ALF.,ANDREW;
PEATEY J.E.*,G.; PERRIN C.R.*; PETERS C.; POTTON S.; RIGG N.,C; WICKHAM G.,W., H.

A BIT OF LOCAL HISTORY.
You may be thinking that the roll of honour does not contain many names. This is why.

At the start of world war 1, Rosebud was a sleepy fishing village with most of its residents living in the fishing village itself,that is the house blocks fronting the beach between the present Village Green and the east end of the foreshore board walk. The Peateys, whose tale is told in Rosalind Peatey's PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS (available in the local history room at the Rosebud library) had been living across McDowell St from the school since 1888 but they were among the very few living on the inland side of Pt Nepean Rd.

Captain Henry Everest Adams was probably the first resident of Rosebud* but the year of his arrival is unclear; the Dromana Pioneer Pathway gives it as 1845. He is said to have beached his schooner at Adams' Corner (site of the McCrae carwash) and used its timber to build a cottage. With the help of his son,Robert Henry,the cottage was extended or replaced with a larger dwelling that served for many years as a guest house named Hopetoun House (later Merlyn Lodge), named in honour of the Governor, Lord Hopetoun, who often stayed there on the way to inspect the fort at Pt Nepean. The land between The Avenue and Parkmore Ave,,crown allotment 20, Wannaeue,seems to have been reserved for a village (and may have been leased from the Crown by the Captain) until about 1877 when lots in Wannaeue Village were advertised for sale. By 1864, the captain owned crown allotment 19, east to Adams Avenue, which had been granted to his friend, Isaac White. In the land boom of the 1880's a developer had bought crown allotment 19 and some blocks between South St and the beach were sold but when the bust hit,most of the land reverted to Robert Adams' ownership. Parkmore, built by Albert Holloway in 1896, was on this early subdivision.

(*Edward Hobson had earlier squatted on the Safety Beach area and then Tootgarook, built a lime kiln near Marks Ave, Rosebud West, and Hobson's Flat near Rosebud was named after him, but he did not seem to have lived in the Rosebud area.)

The Cornells were holiday makers (as far as I'm aware)and must have stayed for some time if the children attended school at Rosebud. A street is named after the family. (Melway 159 B10.) In 1910 June Connell of Caulfield owned "6 acres and building" which according to ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA was on part of a large tract of land on Arthurs Seat where George Smythe , a Flemington tanner,had planted a wattle plantation and built the hut for his caretaker. William John and Mrs Caroline Coburn were farmers living at Springbank
(88 acres) whose homestead was burnt to the ground only a few years later. The Coburns were related to the Burrells and had bought some of the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right,Catherine Burrell retaining only 70 acres.
The Burrells, Cornells and Coburns seem to have been the only families occupying houses on the bay side of the road to Cape Schanck between the rocks and Adam's Corner.

The land between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd,crown allotment 18,was subdivided before 1875 when it was bought by Robert White but only one block,lot 86 was sold. This two acre block on the FJ's corner was the site of a shop built by Jack Jones,Rosebud's only shop for many years. In about 1892 the remaining 150 acres passed into the ownership of the Bamford family and later the Potton family of Brunswick. An entire chapter of the late Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD is devoted to HENRY POTTON'S FARM. This area was subdivided by DeGaris, a developer who committed suicide twice. Obviously his first effort was faked and he was nabbed as he disembarked in New Zealand. His house (19 Mitchell St), which he called Wahgunyah is heritage-listed and was probably the only house standing on c/a 18 at the start of the war.

Between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk was c/a 17. This had been subdivided before 1878 when George and Susan Peatey bought lot 76. A much smaller school site was bought in the 1880's but this subdivision was not much more successful than that on c/a 18. Vale,the estate agent, revived the subdivision about three decades later. Between Norm Clark Walk and First Avenue were crown allotments 16 and 15 which were subdivided as the CLACTON-ON-SEA ESTATE, which is also the subject of a chapter in Peter Wilson's book. Despite raffles conducted on steamers and competitions on the radio with free blocks as prizes this subdivision also met with little success. Many who did buy blocks forfeited them through non-payment of rates and Peter detailed how the shire and charitable groups redeveloped the Banksia Place area near Eastbourne Rd in fairly recent times.

At the start of world war 1,there were two houses between First Avenue and Boneo Rd,Hindhope Villa (50 First Avenue) and "The Thicket", situated on the large round reserve at the end of The Drive. Crown allotment 14 had been split into four properties of 29, 29,40 and 16 acres. In 1910, one of the first two was owned by Gregory Rigg,farmer, and the other was bought by his wife soon afterward. Together,these made Hindhope,which fronted Pt Nepean Rd and included 50 First Avenue and all the Hope St house blocks.Also in 1910,Ramsay Couper owned the 40 acre block and Nora Couper the 16 acre block which together constituted "The Thicket". Last night,I found an article about the Rosebud Park Estate,which was almost certainly The Thicket.

SITES AT ROSEBUD.
Old Homestead Property.
Community settlement methods have been applied to the lay- out of the Rosebud Park Estate. An old family home has been made the pivotal point of a plan which begins with a direct avenue from the house to the Rosebud beach, and extends in circular and radial roads over a wide area of beautiful timbered country, with a
long frontage to the Boneo road...... A very large central recreation park been preserved around the
old homestead, which is to be used probably as a cafe or clubhouse.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 December 1927 p 6 Article.)


The land from Boneo Rd to Chinaman's Creek contained two houses at the start of world war 1,"Eleanora Davey Cairns'"Eleanora",which still stands in the Rosebud Hospital and the Wong-Shing house on the market garden near the creek.

The known houses on the south side of Pt Nepean Rd at the start of W.W.1, from the rocks(Anthony's Nose) to Chinaman's Creek, were therefore the McCrae Homestead,the Cornells' house, the new Springbank, Hopetoun House, Parkmore, Wahgunyah, the schoolmaster's house in the state school grounds,the charred remains of the Peatey house on lot 76 of c/a 17 behind the school,possibly the McDowell house (lots 77,79 and part 75 with building on c/a 17 in 1919), Rosebud Ted Cairns (lots 49-54 of c/a 17), the homesteads of Hindhope and The Thicket, Eleanora and the market garden house. The residences of soldiers listed on the roll of honour not known to have occupied any of the above houses were most likely in the fishing village, farming properties (to be specified) or on crown allotment 17.

Many of the fishing village blocks had become holiday homes or vacant blocks owned by such as the Buchers, Judith Mavis Cock's great grandmother (Emily Durham),Eva Dunk of Williamstown, George Fountain (North Melbourne's last Mayor) and Arthur Boyd's maternal grandmother (Mrs Evelyn Gough of St Kilda.)
Thus the names on the roll of honour constitute a considerable proportion of Rosebud's permanent population.

The Cornell family's contribution was obviously not confined to World War 1.
MONEY FOR WAR EFFORT
Sir,-Few people admit a responsibility for maximum war effort. An authoritative leader is required to compel all to do what is advisable. The energies of the Australian people are being directed to a war effort thus:
-(1) The men who have enlisted are obviously all in. (2) Those in factories producing war material are doing something. (3) Those who are producing and distributing may or may not be diverting any service to war
ends. The only way to divert the people's services to a war effort is through the pay envelope. Don't leave it to individuals to invest or not in war savings certificates. Assess the soldiers' effort as datum and compel groups Nos. 2 and 3 to contribute all income above that of No. 1 to war savings certificates. Non-war services
should be reduced to the minimum. After the war many may have to stand down for returned men, and this would be
offset somewhat by substantial credits in war savings certificates
-Yours, &c, Rosebud. H. PERCY CORNELL. (P.8, Argus,26-4-1941, MONEY FOR WAR EFFORT.)






Jim Connop married Ellen,daughter of Ned and Mary (nee Campbell)Williams and after the war, he occupied part of the land on Browns Rd,east of Truemans Rd,that had been granted to Ned.There was not much money to be made from farming due to distance from markets and according to the late Ray Cairns, Jim earned some cash by maintaining Browns Rd.

WILLIAMS.-On September 9, at Eastbourne, Rosebud West, Edward Thomas son of the late Edward and Mary Williams, beloved brother of James, Caroline, Ellen(Mrs. Connop, deceased), Marion (Mrs.Edmonds, deceased), aged 91 years. -At rest.(P.11,Argus, 10-9-1947) P.S. James Williams died the next day!

ROSEBUD TED (CAIRNS) FINDS JAMES GEORGE DEAD:ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

DROMANA. Mr James George,a very old resident of Rosebud, was found dead in his bed on Tuesday by Mr E. Cairns. Deceased was 83 years of age, and has been residing in the district for upwards of 40 years. Prior to coming to Australia, he served for a number of years in the British navy. He was the recipient of an old age pension, and has been living alone in his little hut at Rosebud for a very long time. He was held in the highest esteem by those who knew him as an honest and upright man. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday.
(P.2,Mornington Standard, 7-6-1906.)

There is a photo of James George in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. On page 22, Peter stated that "Old George" was a Greek fisherman, born in Greece in 1819 who arrived in Australia in 1877 and was naturalised in 1899. James made his own rabbit skin boots. If I remember correctly the photo shows James outside his hut.The hut was on the foreshore but he was not assessed on it in 1900 so it must have been outside the boundaries of the Rosebud Fishing Village,perhaps near the Village Green. For some reason, the council must have been unable to levy rates on fishermen squatting on the foreshore such as Old George,Chatfield at Rosebud West and Walter Burnham near the skateboard ramp area at the end of Boneo Rd. Although Henry Bucher was on the fishing village site in 1863, he was not assessed until the Rosebud Fishing Village was declared.

On Page 15 of ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA,Isobel Moresby started a discussion of old identities with:
Old George the Greek, massive and curly headed,sat on a bench outside his doorway. (Actually they were my limited notes.) I have found Isobel's book online. It has more description of Old George and the photo outside his hut (without a caption.) See my journal EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

ROSEBUD, Near Dromana.-Three-roomed furnished COTTAGE to LET. Apply to Edward Cairns, Rosebud.
(P.12,Argus,1-2-1896.)

Edward Cairns,the only descendant of the three original Cairns brothers to have this given name, still managed to acquire the nickname of Rosebud Ted despite the lack of need that existed in the case of Eleanora/Blacks Camp Davey, Carrier/Hill Harry etc. According to a map of early Rosebud,the above cottage was probably across McDowell St from the Safeway site. Ray Cairns mentioned Ted Cairns living on Blacks Camp Davey's grant across Boneo Rd from the Cape Schanck turn off but that was probably much later than 1906. It is likely that Ted made some money each summer by leasing his cottage to holiday makers with his own family roughing it for that period.

Rosebud Ted would have been back in the cottage well and truly by June each year, thus his unpleasant discovery in the fishing village.

ROWLEY, JENNINGS, MULLENS, WILLIAMS OF RYE/ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Last night I chanced upon a notice of the marriage of Robert Rowley and Christina/Christena Edwards which I added to my MALLEE TO RYE:THE ROWLEY CONNECTION journal. I also sent a copy of the addition to Linda Berndt, who with Phil Cain, does much research on the area west of Rosebud for the Rye Historical Society, whose museum in the grounds of Rye Primary School is well worth a visit.

Linda replied to my email providing much information, demonstrating why I like to connect people who private message me about the same family. Each person might not necessarily double previously found knowledge but the pool of information will certainly be bigger.

One thing that perplexed me was that the two Williams brothers died only one day apart, according to the late Ray Cairns, but only one was named on the grave inscription where he was buried in the same grave as his sister Carrie. Linda supplies the reason! The Rowley, Jennings and Williams families are discussed in several of my journals.

WALTER JENNINGS
NOTE THAT WALTER JENNINGS, NOTED TENOR AND LEADER OF THE FRANKSTON CHORAL SOCIETY, WAS NOT RELATED TO THE JENNINGS FAMILY OF RYE, MEMBERS OF WHICH LATER RAN A DAIRY AT THE CORNER OF PT. NEPEAN RD AND ROSEBUD PDE, OUTSIDE WHICH STANDS A STATUE OF JACK JENNINGS AND A POTTED HISTORY OF HIS FAMILY.

Walter Jennings formed a touring company in about 1914, and in the absence of Walter and the accompanist,the Frankston Choral Society was forced into temporary recess. Decades later,Walter was still in high demand to perform in concerts and was advertised as a drawcard.

ON TOUR.
Rochester Express (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Tuesday 26 May 1914 p 3 Article
... Walter Jennings, who possesses one of the most beautiful tenor voices at present in Australia ETC.

Heyfield Herald (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 9 April 1914 p 2 Article
... Mr Syd Stewart, clever comedian and female impersonator; Mr Percival Wilmot (bdsno), Mr Walter Jennings (tenor), and Miss ilosa Walton, in charming monologues and songs at the piano.

DECADES LATER.
Frankston & Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 29 January 1937 p 3 Article
... Nellie Melba. It is probable that Mr., Walter Jennings, the noted tenor, will also appear, if .
(Wally needed a lift to Somerville, most likely from Rosebud, in order to appear!)

Here's Linda's reply.

Thanks xxx,
Do have Ronnies details through Dad. Most interesting. I know Bob Rowley always said his great grandparents were married in Tasmania and his writings attest that. Havent written much about the Rowley's because Bob wrote so much. It is his writings in Nells book. Nell Arnold you may like to know is now 103!!! Although in care she is still with it mentally.

I was looking at your writings this arvo. I can clear up the Williams cemetery story for you. It is common knowledge around the older Rye folk that the two Williams boys always fought. When they died Caroline said she would be buried between them to keep them apart in death. The reason one doesnt have a headstone and the other does is because one saved his money so Caroline bought him a headstone. The other was less frugal so she didnt get him a headstone and wouldnt outlay the cost herself. The kids at school love that story!!! We do a working bee in the cemetery every week and that story gets told EVERY week.

xxx, I was also having a look at the Jennings bit. Although there were also Jennings at Rosebud in the early part of the 1900s, this family is not related to us in any way. Walter Jennings had a beautiful singing voice and was a fine musician. I know he played a lot around Frankston. I have copied across the ones that arent relevant to my lineage. You may also be interested to learn that although the newspaper article states Cec married in Portsea he was actually married in Northcote, about 3 days after that article appears! Just goes to show you cant believe all that goes in the papers.There may have been a pre wedding gathering at the Tucks in Portsea but not sure, certainly no wedding there.
K. Jennings, the hiker was Kath (Hannah Katherine Mary) Jennings, daughter of Cec. She ended up marrying Wally Faux from Horsham and settling there, her sister and a brother also ended up in Horsham. That is how Clarrie ended up there for a few years.
Our Jennings family arrived in 1914 and until the 1920s when they leased the Tootgarook Run from the Purves family (by then named Rye Park) and my great grandfather bought a milk round from Rowleys they only lived in Rye on the farm boarded by Dundas, Weeroona (then Jennings Rd) and Browns road.
The Rye farm which was first known as Milangil then changed to Kariah after old Dod died was sold by Cec in the 1950s. My great grandfather Ern sold his part to Cec in the 40s. The family had the chance to purchase the land in Tootgarook which extended from Government Road to Morris street and back as far as Brights drive for a pound an acre but my great grandfather said no because the land would never amount to anything!!!!! The original homestead on the corner of Leonard street was knocked down about 4 years ago. (#@**%$ Shire). It was a wattle and daub place which had been bricked around, the original fence posts were there until the place was knocked down also. This was the site of the first licenced inn.
Jennings book being launched at the Family reunion on the 26th April. I will make sure Rosebud Library get a copy.

I enjoy your writings, every now and then I click on to see whats there, keep it up!!!
Linda

Those assessed in 1919 on land in section A# were:
A.L.Adcock, Red Hill, 6, 7, N.A.V. 2 POUNDS!; H.Cairns 14, c/o Mrs Papper, 433 George St.,Fitzroy; Mace, Wangaratta, 84, 85,86; W.R.Mullens 17, 18, c/o Jennings Rosebud; J.Patterson,Rosebud, 13; Mrs Emily June Ada Nethercote, Hawthorn, 12.
Not all of the above gained title. H.Cairns could have been Harry or Helen, neither of whom died for some time so the partly paid-off block may have been sold because of financial difficulties or an offer that couldn't be refused. The Mullens and Jennings family were related by marriage as shown in part 1*.
(# Of the Hindhope Estate)

15--- 9-3-1921 --Gladys Iris Jennings-50'-----Plaza Car Park to east kerb of entry/exit separator.
16--- 9-3-1921----Gladys Iris Jennings---50'-----to diagonal crack in footpath west of entry/exit.

JENNINGS CONNECTIONS (FROM HINDHOPE PART 1. which specifies the land bought north of McCombe St. by Gladys.)
ALWAY-JENNINGS.-The marriage of Betty Irene, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Alway, Hillside avenue, East
Malvern, to Frederick Rowland, youngest son of the late Mr. Walter Jennings and Mrs.G.Jennings, Rosebud, will be celebrated at St. John's Church, Finch street, East Malvern, on Monday, April 15, at 5.30 p.m. (P.10, Argus, 12-4-1946.)

JENNINGS (nee Gladys Mullen). On the 10th November, at Nurse McInne's private hospital,Box Hill, the wife of Walter Gordon Jennings,of "Dalgabeena," Blackburn a son (Gordon Roberts).(P.11, Argus,12-12-1914.) So that's why the Mullen assessment was to be sent to Mrs Jennings in 1919!

MULLEN.-On March l8, at Hobart, Lt.-Col. L. M. Mullen, loving brother of Gladys (Mrs. W. G. Jennings. Rosebud,
Vic). -Duty nobly done.(P.2, Argus, 20-3-1943.)

ROBERT ROWLEY'S MARRIAGE.
ROWLEY-EDWARDS - By the Rev. J Smithies, at the house of Mr Joseph Tongs, Illawarra Christina Edwards, the only daughter of Mr William Edwards, of Newborough, Fife, Scotland, to Mr Robert Rowley, of Dromana, Victoria.
(Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Tuesday 22 January 1861 Edition: MORNING p 5 Family Notices)
There was an identical notice on 1-1-1861 but I could not re-find it.

Hi XXX,
You got me wondering about the Rowley marriage. Have done a check on Ancestry and also with the Tasmanian Records online. Robert Rowley married Christina Edwards at Longford, Tasmania on 28 Dec 1860 rego number 553.
Cheers (from Linda Berndt.)

The following makes it possible that Robert Rowley worked for Peter Pidoto at Dromana for 15 years or more. He received the grants for 46A and 46 Wannaeue on 13-2-1883 and 7-7-1886 respectively. It would seem that Robert left Dromana soon after Emma's birth, built a house on the foreshore while continuing his aquatic activity,as a fisherman,and then turned to farming,settling and building a house on 41A before 1879. (See below.) The spelling of his wife's given name is given as Christina in all family notices seen so far;Christena could be an error made by the carver or transcriber of the grave inscription.

Mary Christina Rowley BIRTH: 1866 Dromana, Victoria, Australia ...
records.ancestry.com/Mary_Christina_Rowley_records.ashx?pid...‎
10 Records - Born in Dromana, Victoria, Australia on 1866 to Robert Rowley and Christina Edwards. ... Potential photos and documents for Mary Christina Rowley.
Emma Rowley BIRTH: 1875 Dromana, Victoria, Australia DEATH
records.ancestry.com.au/Emma_Rowley_records.ashx?pid=164047352‎
Emma Rowley. Found 10 Records, 4 Photos and 582,137 Family Trees. Born in Dromana, Victoria, Australia on 1875 to Robert Rowley and Christina Edwards.

ROBERT ROWLEY'S SECOND HOUSE IN RYE.
Ron Doig,a Rowley descendant told me that Robert's first house in Rye was on the foreshore opposite the post office,his second house was near the southern boundary of 41A (south of Belar St near Carboor St, Melway 169 C8) and his third at 17 Lyons St.

The second house would have to be the one referred to below.
"Tourism commenced in a small way late in the 19th century,in the form of an old pioneer's house which was owned and built by Robert Rowley before 1879,being converted into the "Alma Guest House" (sic?).
(2461 - 5 PNR Rye HERITAGE ASSESSMENT 090522 - Mornington ...
www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/files/af39f772.../101506da_att_231_5.pdf‎)

The crown allotments on the west side of Truemans Rd between Pt Nepean Rd and the freeway reservation were granted to Ben Stenniken,James Trueman and Robert Rowley. James Trueman's 112 acre crown allotment was subdivided as the Doigs' Oceanaires Estate (eastern half) and the western half as the Almaray Estate. The latter estate name combined the names of Panda's hairdresser,Raymond Guest, and his wife Alma. The origins of other street names on the two estates are explained elsewhere. Houses on both sides of Bona and Guest Streets are on the Trueman grant. It is likely that Alma and Ray Guest bought all or part of the land south of the Guest St houses and that ALMA GUEST lived in Robert Rowley's pre-1879 homestead. It is possible that the house was used as a guest house by Robert Rowley because James Little Brown "stayed with Robert for a few weeks" when he arrived in Rye from the Mallee. It is also possible that Robert named it Alma House but I believe that "Alma Guest House" means a house belonging to Alma Guest.