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NAMES THAT HAVE VANISHED FROM the SURNAMES LIST for my journal "ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK". (part 2)

I happened to notice that a large proportion of the surname list for the ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK journal had disappeared. The missing surnames are listed here and in this surnames list so I can check that none disappear from this surname list too.

HIGGINS, WILLIAMS, MCFARLANE, STEWART, FAIRBAIRN, MORGAN, MACKINTOSH, MOORE, KAWKA, BARLOW, SMITH, STRONGMAN, JACKSON, GILLESPIE, COOK, MURDOCH, ABRAHAMS, MCKENZIE, ANDERSON, BURCHETT, RAWSTHORN, DAVEY, WILLMAN, DREW,

DIXON, BREEZE, FLEMING, BLOOMFIELD, BULLEN, BRUNTON, LEITH, MCCULLY, CURRIE, TAYLOR, FENTON, COLE, MCDOUGALL, POMEROY, CLARK, CAMERON, BUCHANAN, TURNER, PUCKLE, RILEY, WREN, NATHAN, (46 SURNAMES)

The same thing happened here so I will break this into part 1 and part 2.
Part 1 will contain a surnames list for the first 24 surnames (Higgins to Drew) above.

This journal (part 2)is to place ( and hopefully keep)the following surnames in the surnames list:DIXON, BREEZE, FLEMING, BLOOMFIELD, BULLEN, BRUNTON, LEITH, MCCULLY, CURRIE, TAYLOR, FENTON, COLE, MCDOUGALL, POMEROY, CLARK, CAMERON, BUCHANAN, TURNER, PUCKLE, RILEY, WREN, NATHAN,(22 names.)

NEAR HOFFMANS RD, WEST ESSENDON / NIDDRIE, MELBOURNE,VIC., AUST.

My Keilor Historical Society journal is fairly lengthy so I had no idea where to look for my mention of the Clippertons when Patricia's private message arrived. My mind immediately went to a title document regarding a subdivision lot on Main's Estate that I did not transposed onto my Melway. It just didn't make sense.Main's Estate (Section 12 Doutta Galla) was bounded by Hoffmans Rd, Buckley St, Rachelle St and the line of Farrell St (Melway 15 K11.) The east-west dimensions of this particular lot went too far east, probably 100 links too far so that the government road, Hoffmans Rd, was included in the block.) What was the point of transposing such nonsense? If I had known Eddie Deutcher at the time I was practically living in the titles office,the point would have been perfectly obvious!
The titles clerk's error had created a need for the Hoffmans Road Dogleg!

Let's look at Patricia's information first.

Subject: Keilor Historical Society
To: itellya
From: NorrissP
Date: 2014-01-17 04:39:44
I lived opposite Mr Clipperton Car Wrecking Yard. Happy days opposite Anne, Peter, Russell and Freddie CLIPPERTON. I remember Claudia BAILEY from the neighbourhood in Market Street. She became an Air Hostess with TAA. My father was an airlines pilot; he died in a plane crash in 1961. A few years later I moved with my mother to Perth, Western Australia. My best friends at school were Frances DIAMOND and Rosemary SMITH. Thanks, Patricia.

I'm sure Patricia would love to hear from any of her old schoolmates. Private message her through Family Tree Circles.

I thought I'd write a journal detailing a bit of history about those who lived near Hoffmans Rd. Rosehill Rd was named after Dugald McPhail's farm, Rosehill, which was between Buckley St and Rosehill Rd. The other major farm on Main's Estate was James Wilson's farm, later occupied by James Anderson, which is discussed in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT. The following comes from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA (a copy of which was given to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society.)It does not include most of the pioneers on Main's Estate but this information will be supplied if requested.

HOFFMANS RD 1923-1969. Eddie Deutchers memories. The Fullarton Connection.
It is of interest that in 1923 Hoffmans Rd only went south to the northern end of Moushall Ave, which was originally called Hoffmans Rd until 9-11-1960 (Land Plan 10004). Keilor Council had first made moves to have Hoffmans Rd constructed in 1945 but it was not until November 1969 that the road was made. Essendon and Keilor had agreed in 1957 to construct the road forthwith but it was 10 years before work started. The hold up was a dispute about the proposed width, the two councils preferences differing by two feet. No doubt the Fullarton connection had something to do with the eventual resolution. John Andrew Peter Fullarton was an Essendon councillor from about 1958 for 13 years (followed by his wife, Dorothy, Essendons first female councillor, until 1986.) Their son Graeme was Mayor of Keilor in 1969-70. (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND R. GIBB, PAGE F.96-7.)
The land plan also shows that Garnet St was called Grieve St until 8-6-1962.
It seems that the 1923 subdivision of Springbank fizzled, probably because the tramway extension to Hoffmans Rd did not eventuate. (The Tramway Extension Estate with frontages to Hoffmans Rd and other, but defunct, streets, was advertised for sale on 12-4-1919 according to Bob Chalmers Annals of Essendon, but obviously shared the same fate.)
SPRINGBANK LINGERS.
On 25-7-1930, when James Anderson mortgaged his land across Green Gully Rd from Braeside (13K Maribyrnong of 35 acres, from the midline of Buchan and Tarwin Courts to the bridge) he was described as a dairyman, formerly farmer, of Buckley Park. As explained before, the location of Springbank was known as Buckley Park in those days, the modern designation of Niddrie not having spread south from 17B, which Henry Stevenson had so-named after a suburb of his native Edinburgh in about 1870. The double storey brick Springbank mansion must have been decaying as it was demolished in the 1930s. James Anderson may have built a new farmhouse before moving to Braeside. Eddie Deutcher said that when he arrived, the farmhouse was a pink weatherboard occupied by Merle someone and then Mr Shell from 1954 or 1955.

EDDIE DEUTCHERS MEMORIES.
Ralph Dixon has been mentioned earlier. It is unclear which side of Hoffmans Rd he built on C.1923 but Eddie Deutcher recalls that he was later living opposite Mary St (present No. 49). The Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir edition of 1961 (Proclamation of the City of Keilor) states wrongly that Eddie Deutcher was the first resident on the Keilor side of Hoffmans Rd; Ralph beat him by quite a few years.
A Mr Spencer subdivided his land into four blocks of 44 x 138 feet (their depth later reduced to 130 feet when Hoffmans Rd was made.) Spencer, of Price St, died in 1980 and his widow later lived next door to Eddie Deutcher. The only other resident of Hoffmans Rd when Eddie moved in was Harry George at the corner of Mary St. Eddie says that the development of Hoffmans Rd mainly took place between 1951-2 and 1965. In 1949, Eddie bought his block (No. 63) for L135. The other blocks sold for L500 (C.1953), L750 (1956) and $15 000 (about 1969). Eddie moved onto his block from St Kilda in 1951 but had to live in a caravan for 2 years because of the post-war shortage of building materials.
Council- owned land in George St was an unofficial dumping ground and a haunt of youngsters who gathered there to smoke. The tip was the source of several fires that threatened the widely scattered houses.
There used to be a training track for trotters near Garnet St.
The Clippertons were another early family in the area. Russell Clipperton was a foundation pupil at the Doutta Galla Primary School. Part of what we now call Hoffmans Rd was occupied by Fred Clippertons car wrecking yard and people travelling south had to take the Hoffmans Rd Dogleg which is now called Moushall Ave.
The first shop in Hoffmans Rd was Fred Cooks general store on the Teague St corner, later Joe Wileys and a self serve bottle shop. Probably next was the green grocery started, and still operated many decades later, by Tony Sicerliano. Ray Orchards model aeroplane shop and Miss Gartlands pharmacy were features of the shopping centre for many years.
Power and water came to Eddie and his neighbours in 1953 and sewerage in 1965.
In 1954, Eddie became a Keilor councillor and judging by his grasp and recall of details as shown above, he would have been a good one.
More of Eddies memories are on Pages D. 95-8 of my Dictionary history of Tullamarine and Miles Around.

Section 13. (HOFFMANS Rd to LINCOLN RD.)
This was between Buckley St. and Mt. Alexander Rd., which Keilor Rd. was called until at least 1900.
The western half, consisting of lots A and B, between Hoffmans Rd. and the walking track near Hedderwick St., was granted to William Hoffman, one of the handful of Germans in the north west. He called his house Butzbach but the farm appears to have been known later as Buckley Park. (The renaming may have occurred near the time of W.W.1, when anti- German feeling led to moves to change the names of Coburg and Essendon, the latter thought by some to have originated from Essen, and many residents such as Groenberger of the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine changed their surnames.)
Later owners were Messrs E.A. and William Croft. In 1914, William Croft was the only resident west of Nimmo St; the house was apparently near Croft St. and between Buckley and Temple (Spencer) Sts. This accounts for the kink in Price St.
A map at the Merrifield Library shows that when the estate was subdivided, land containing the Butzbach residence of Croft Esquire was at the south west Temple (Spencer) St/ Nimmo St corner with Price St (down to the bend) as the western boundary. Part of this block of 4 acres was sold as eight allotments fronting Price and Market Sts on 23-10-1924. The old homestead must have been demolished in the early 1950s to make way for Croft St, as this street was first mentioned in 1953. Mr Spencer, mentioned in Eddie Deutchers memories under section 12, may have been living in the old homestead.
Just as Peter McCracken was one of the first lessees on Stewarton (Gladstone Park), his brother Alexander Earle McCracken was possibly the first to rent Butzbach. He had erected a four stall stable and a barn on it within 10 months of the grant being issued to Hoffman, and in March 1851 was apparently building a house. A.E.McCracken grew wheat on Butzbach and the farm prospered but due to the ill health of his wife, Jane, this branch of the family returned home in 1857, probably to Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire. In a letter written on 14-4-1858, Robert McCracken informed Alexander Earle that Butzbach had been taken up by the McAuleys (McCrackens spelling.). (I wonder if McAuley had been a neighbour of Peter McCracken at Kensington 1855-7 and was the origin of the name of Macaulay Rd. More likely the McCrackens knew them from their early days on the Merri Creek.)
One of the early occupiers of subdivision lots on Buckley Park was Ralph Dixon, who settled in the Gilbertson St area in 1912 before moving to Hoffmans Rd in 1923. Some things he recalled were:
*the two rows of pine trees, through which the drive ran to the Hoffman / Croft house from Buckley St,
*the Woods familys dairy farm in Sapphire St (see section 12 Rosehill Estate in 1900),
*old Mrs Sinclairs goats near Ogilvie St,
* and James Andersons dairy farm with its homestead on the (1961) service station site. (This was across Hoffmans Rd on the south corner of Teague St.)

NEIL MANSFIELD, JOHN SHORTEN AND BULLA, VIC., AUST.

These two men have been mentioned before in my journals but I wish to pay tribute to their dedication to our history and willingness to take on huge projects. John accomplished the huge task of scanning and digitising the 2500 handwritten pages of "Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around" and Neil wrote the 600+ page "The David Mansfield Story", while at the same time working together to improve the records for Bulla Cemetery. As I found myself when transcribing some grave inscriptions there, their job would have been difficult, as it would be at many cemeteries, because of the senseless vandalism that had taken place. Our little triangle is still in place with John recently sending DHOTAMA to Neil. Rosebud must be a little harder for Australia Post to find but I am expecting my copy today.

Neil has recently finished detailed records for the Briagalon and Bulla Cemeteries.See details below.

Thanks for the correction - I've just made the alterations. This is one good thing about making this public - I have other people helping me to find the mistakes. My mind goes blank after a while and I can't see errors whilst looking straight at them.

Bulla cemetery is now on-line - see it at:

http://www.ozgenonline.com/~nhm_cemeteries/Bulla_Cemetery/

NORTH POLE RD , NORTH POLE INN, ( EAST KEILOR), SOLOMONS FORD AND BRAYBROOK TOWNSHIP VIC., AUST.

Milleara Rd was still called North Pole Road until the 1940's. This name came about because of the West Melbourne Swamp. Eventually a road, called Swamp Road in directories, passed through this area; it was renamed Dynon Rd. In the squatting era, travellers from Melbourne wishing to cross the Saltwater River used to head up Flemington Hill and, continuing to the future site of Pitches' hotel and St John's church,turn left into Braybrook Road (Buckley St.) This led to Solomons Ford (at the western end of Canning St- WRONG-SEE COMMENT 1.)and having crossed there, they could head toward Geelong (as George Russell of Golf Hill would) or west (as John Aitken of Mt Aitken would.) Solomons ford was so-named because the Solomons held land on both sides of the river.John Aitken was the grantee of Section 8, Doutta Galla (where the river makes its closest approach to Buckley St), and probably used it as a holding paddock where sheep being driven to market in Melbourne could regain condition.
As this was a busy route, the Braybrook Township was declared in 1850. As with most townships, it straddled the stream, being located in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw. Due to Raleigh's Punt (1850), Lynch's Punts and Brees' bridge at Keilor(1854), traffic on this route fell dramatically and North Braybrook Township was occupied by small farmers, such as Clancy, who were being bullied by Thomas Derham of the Braybrook (Tottenham)Hotel in 1869.
A directory covering the Cut Cut Paw area, perhaps Braybrook Junction (Sunshine)mentioned a road called Pole Rd; this was probably Duke St. This leads me to believe there were poles on the north and south sides of Solomons ford to indicate its location.


EXTRACTS FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA".
BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Buckley St. west of the railway line used to be called Braybrook Rd. until 1878. This was because early travellers to Geelong had to bypass the West Melbourne swamp and would go along Buckley St. and once over Spring Gully take a beeline to the west end of Canning St. where Solomons Ford was located. John Aitken would have been one of the first to use this route regularly; once across, he followed the Kororoit Creek to Mt. Aitken. When township reserves were being declared, the rudimentary Keilor bridge, the next common crossing, was being washed away just about every time it rained and Raleigh hadnt started his punt so the ford seemed a pretty good place for a township.
A map of the township found on P.32 of SOLOMONS FORD by V.J.Jones shows the township in 1869. The part south of the river was bounded by Duke St., Ballarat Rd., and Ashley St. The junction of Alexander and Glenside Sts. was the townships north eastern corner.
Some have claimed that the later ford at the end of North Rd was the Solomons Ford about which George Russell wrote in reference to his original 1836 route to his Golf Hill reached via Geelong. It is funny that no mention was made of other nearby fords in 1879. Portion of Michael Clancys evidence at the enquiry into closed roads follows and Clancys grants are outlined on the Township map. I believe Valentine Jones version of where Solomons Ford was located!
------------------------------------------------------------------
Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancys 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victims crops. Derham had Clancys lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.
(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine,
south of McIntyres Riversdale.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKennas closer settlement farm.
-----------------------------------------------
18 D. NORTH POLE FARM. South of Keilor Rd., lot D was bounded by Webber Pde., roughly Woorigoleen Dr. and North Pole (Milleara) Road. Consisting of 180 acres, it was granted to Joseph Hall. It was sold to John Corcoran in 1864. Lot D was called North Pole Farm; it is unknown whether the road or the farm had the name first. Peter Somerville believes that North Pole Road got its name because of the icy winds that blew up it but my memory tells me that there was a Pole Road in the Footscray directory.
If this is correct, there may have been a pole in the 1840s to indicate the location of Solomons Ford (west of Canning St Avondale Heights), with the approach from Geelong called Pole Rd and that from Mt Macedon (Keilor) Rd called North Pole Rd.
Keilors 1868 rates show that John Corcoran had 183 acres. The extra 2 acres resulted from a mistake perpetuated since at least 1859, when 18D and the North Pole Inn was advertised for sale. It was probably Corcoran who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm.
On 6-6-1850, Joseph Hall sold 18 D to James Laverty for the remarkably low price of L198/16/6 (M 845). About four years later Springfield, only 5/6 the size of 18D, sold for 7000 pounds (15 593). Why?
The gold rush had started. Also Brees Bridge, built in 1854, made the Keilor route more popular than the Bulla one for diggers bound for Mt Macedon, and attracted those headed to Ballarat who would previously have used Raleighs Punt (Maribyrnong). The bridge allowed Cobb and J.M.Pecks newly established coachline a secure crossing and farms along this road had a ready market for their hay and other produce. For example, David Milburn, Victorias first irrigator of Grange Farm west of the river, was called Basket Davie by the diggers.
Hall was not to know what the future would hold and he probably needed cash after buying Purnells grant (22B) at Tullamarine for 200 pounds on 5-3-1849 (6 112). With the addition of 22D, granted on 17-7-1866, this became South Wait.
Laverty mortgaged 18D to Hall (M 846 and M847) and on 9-8-1852, 18D as well as lot 6 of section 12 were reconveyed from Hall to Laverty for L152 plus L50 (Q 632).
Two interesting features of this memorial are that the creek was called Steels Ponds and that the measurements were given in chains, poles and links. I would assume, because a chain equals 100 links and a pole was greater than 13 links, that a pole was equivalent to 20 or 25 links.
Laverty must have been struggling because he mortgaged 18D several times:
to Charles Payne for 400 pounds on 21-3-1853 (V 779),
to John Catto for 1000 pounds on 1-2-1855 (23 110),
and to Robert Stirling Anderson, with Tourrourrong section 19, for 240 pounds on 13-6-1858.
The first and second series indexes for James Laverty record no sale of 18D, so it looked as if we would have to accept Angela Evans claim that John Corcoran bought North Pole Farm in 1864*. Keilors ratebook of 1868 shows that John Corcoran owned 183 acres, (an error probably started by the rate collector in transcribing 180.3.0).
However the Laverty memorials revealed some interesting information, compensating for my inability to find his sale of 18D.
Firstly, he was associated with Messrs Phelan and Connor, explaining why he bought a property only mile west of Spring Park. Secondly, he owned lots 5, 6, 22 and acre of lot 21 of John Pinney Bears subdivision of allotment 7 of section 5 Doutta Galla. Lots 5 and 6 were between Mt Alexander Rd and the n/w third of the parallel section of the un-named but 40 ft wide Hinkins St, and contained the Harvest Home Hotel. Moonee Ponds obviously wasnt yet used as a locality name as the land was described as a parcel of McKays (McNaes) farm near Flemington. Laverty leased the hotel and other land to Charles Notley, on 29-12-1856, at 200 pounds p.a. (48 880).
Laverty mortgaged lot 6 in section 12 to A.F.Dougall for 600 pounds on 28-10-1858 (66 404). As this mortgage did not include 18D, I suspected that R.S.Anderson might have gained possession of it; investigation proved otherwise but did help me discover that George Kirk purchased land where the Dundas family had their Dynon Rd factories.

*While attempting to trace ownership of Alex Blairs purchase in section 12, I discovered that John Corcoran bought 18D of 180 acres from John Catto for 715 pounds on 6-12-1864 (170 752).
On 2-11-1870, aged about 50, John agreed to sell the land to his sons Andrew, Dennis and John Jun. and the conveyance was finalised on 21-2-1872. John must have been ill as he died soon after, on 28-5-1878. (Keilor Pioneers etc. A.Evans.)
By 1888, John Pinney Bear, who had owned 18C since 1852, contracted to sell that block and 18D to speculator, G.W.Taylor, for 34 350 pounds (347 14). Michael Fox probably bought 18C and 18 D soon after the depression started in 1892 and ruined G.W.Taylors hopes of quick profit. Michael lived in his house on the corner of North Pole Rd and Keilor Rd until his death on 4-9-1918. The family retained ownership and Michaels son ,John, sold land (to T.M.Bourke?) for a railway station in 1928 according to Ray Taylor, a resident of Keilor Park from 1955. Ray also said that John Fox sold land to Ansair. It went south to Clarks Rd and east to Steeles Creek.

THE NORTH POLE INN.
The arguments for this inns location being on the west corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds are presented under the heading of Hotels and Early Names before section 17.(SEE END OF JOURNAL.) The electoral roll shows that Edward Fegan was leasing the inn in 1856. In the same roll, James Laverty, of Keilor Rd, was said to have owned a hotel called the Harvest Home Hotel, supposedly in Keilor Road. This could have been Lavertys earlier name for the North Pole, but it was more likely the hotel of that name, near the south corner of Dean St, Moonee Ponds, which Laverty leased to Notley at the end of 1856. It could not have been the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve site*, which a memorial of 1854 called the Springfield Hotel. Laverty had probably been leasing 18D from Joseph Hall by 1849, when Wilsons directory gave his address as Springs, Keilor Rd. (Springs and then Springfield in 1856 were names used to describe the area near Steeles chain of ponds.) Laverty bought the allotment in 1850 and probably built the hotel.
(* Mentioned by W.ODonnell to Garnet Price in about 1950.)

On 22-6-1859 the Argus carried this advertisement:
THIS DAY. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. THE NORTH POLE PUBLICHOUSE, PRODUCING 150 POUNDS PER ANNUM, WITH THE NOBLE ESTATE OF SPRING VALE ALONG WITH IT. KEILOR-ROAD. It is situate at the corner of the Keilor and Essendon roads having about 3 000 feet frontage to the former and about the same to the latter, more or lesscomprising 183 acres in two separate paddocksNearest neighbours- P.Phelan, Esq., M.L.A.; W.Hoffman Esq. and other gentlemen.

North Pole Rd was obviously referred to as the Essendon road by some in 1859.
Phelans Spring Park was mile east on the north side of Keilor Rd. and Hoffmans Butzbach was on the east side of Hoffmans Rd.
The trade of the North Pole Inn was obviously affected by the opening of the Mt.Alexander Railway just prior to 1860. John Laverty and Robert Linay took it over in June 1860 but by 4-3-1863 Laverty was charged with abandoning it. It closed two weeks later but was re-opened on 3-2-1864 by George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot.
--------------------------------------------------
KEILOR RD. (Sections 17, 18, 19.)
HOTELS AND EARLY NAMES.
There were four hotels between the eastern end of Keilor Rd and the Maribyrnong River. The first, geographically, was the Lincolnshire Arms built by Tulip Wright (a native of Lincolnshire) in 1852, at what the diggers called Bendigo Corner. Fifty years later, the intersection was commonly called Essendon Crossroads, as one could travel in five directions from this point. Carnarvon Rd was originally known as Mawbeys Rd and then Lincoln Rd or Street. Keilor Rd was still being called Mt Alexander Rd in Keilors rate book of 1900-1.

The next hotel was hard to determine. Was it the North Pole Inn or the Springfield Inn? The latter was almost certainly the one next to the blacksmiths shop on the site of the A.J.Davis Reserve.
I originally thought that the North Pole Inn was on the corner of Hoffmans Rd because of the attached farm being described as 183 acres and the neighbours (Phelan, Hoffman) mentioned in an advertisement of 1859. It was described as being at the corner of the Essendon Rd and I took this to be Hoffmans Rd. Hoffmans farm was immediately east and Phelans only 800 metres west. But two things worried me. Firstly, the frontage to both the Keilor and Essendon Rds was stated to be about 3000 feet while 17D has an eastern boundary of only about 700 feet. Secondly, why would North Pole Farm (18D) be 1 miles west?

Measuring the appropriate boundaries of 18 D, I found that they were 2640 feet each, close enough to the stated frontages. Then I recalled that John Corcorans farm had been wrongly described as 183 acres (instead of 180 acres 3 roods) in the 1868 ratebook.
Apart from the name, acreage and frontage was there any other connection between the inn and farm? Yes. James Laverty bought 18D from the grantee in 1850, and when he failed to sell the inn and noble (but heavily mortgaged) estate of Spring Vale in 1859, John Laverty and Robert Linay took over the hotel in 1860. John was charged with abandoning the hotel on 4-3-1863. James Laverty had mortgaged the farm (and lot D of section 12) several times and about this time John Catto gained ownership. He sold it to Corcoran on 6-12-1864.
Although title memorials concerning 18D made no mention of the inn, the above pieces of evidence, and the one following, make it almost certain that the North Pole Inn was at the western corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds.

The Essendon road of 1859 was officially known as North Pole Rd until about 1947 when its present name of Milleara Rd came into use. It is unclear whether the road gave its name to the hotel or the reverse. It is likely that the Corcorans renamed Spring Vale after the road or the hotel.---William Cherry, best remembered by the lake at Altona, probably used North Pole Rd to travel to his grants near Bertrams Ford at the Arundel bridge site.

The second hotel was therefore the Springfield and the third was the North Pole. The fourth was Henry Eldridges Sir John Franklin Inn at the eastern corner of Keilor Rd and Collinson St. Keilor Village also boasted several hotels, which are described in fair detail in Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales.


1 comment(s), latest 9 months, 1 week ago

Notes and index for THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL, Vic., Aust.

This book was written by Mary Karney in partnership with Bruce Bennett who has written several books about early butchers, bakers, shopkeepers etc on the Mornington Peninsula. Mary has written No Rugged Landscape and a transcription of Georgina Oswin's diary, which, with this book, are probably still available for purchase from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies. Mary is the daughter of Olive (nee Oswin) and grand daughter of 1865 pioneer, John Oswin, who married Georgina (Mills.)

Golden Plains has extensive information about Foxey's Hangout, the Tubbarubba diggings and the Downward and Oswin families. John Oswin's "Newstead" is wrongly described as being on crown allotment 35, Balnarring (granted to J.Caldwell); it was actually on crown allotments 55 A and B.

In the book, W.M.Gomm was listed as one of a group opposing alienation of the diggings. He was more likely Wm Gomm, son of Convict Henry Gomm. William was one of the grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village (where Jetty's Cafe is today) but later moved to Hastings and was followed on that block by his brother Henry. William died at Hastings in 1915, Henry at Cheltenham Benevolent Home soon afterward, and another brother, Thomas, at Dromana in 1896, not long after he had given evidence in a hearing regarding Alfred Downward's disputed election win. They were not related to Henry Gomm of Glenhoya at Somerville. Graham Whitehead has written an excellent piece on the City of Kingston History site about the two Gomm families based on my THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.

The sheep stealing described on page 33 did not all happen at Tubbarubba. The Hon. F.S.Grimwade was on Coolart. Alf Head's Fern Valley/Musk Creek straddled Stony Creek Rd. Alexander McLennan was most likely on his grant, c/a 1 and 2 Moorooduc, bounded by Moorooduc, Eramosa, Derril and Bungower Rds. Crooks was on Tuerong Park north of Vineyard Lane. Gibson may have been Walter, on Glenholm west of Collins Rd, Dromana and the survey, or another family near Red Hill (see DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL), I believe Sweetapple was near Red Hill and that I have mentioned him in a journal because I almost made a corny joke about his name. Griffiths may have been Griffith whose homestead block was lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision of the southern 4280 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey (Melway 160 H 3-4) with its north west corner indicated by (the seemingly, but not, historic) Bluestone Homestead/Cottage or perhaps on Mornington-Flinders Rd near Blakeley's and Head's where Cr Griffith had a block.

INDEX.
My apologies for not using columns. pre= before page 1.
A. Aborigines 1-2, 5. ALLCHIN 19. B. BALCOLME 7. BARKER 24. BARNES William 27.
BENNETT 19. BENTON 29. BESSIE RAINE 121. BOTT 23. BROWN 25. Bulldog Creek's name 1. BURTON 35.
C. CALDWELL 28. CALLANAN 3. CARLYON Norman 36. Chinese 7, 17, 18. CLARKE 18. COLLINS 34.
CONNELL Lou 39, 40. COOKE Lyn, Lawton 36, 44. CROOKS 33.
D. DAVEY James 22. DOWNWARD- throughout, photos. DRUMMOND 28. E. ELLEMAN 23.
F. FENTON James 35. FIRTH 6, 33, 39, 40. Foxey's Hangout pre, 38-44 (photos). FRITSCH 20, 34.
G. GIBSON 33. GOMM 19. GOTTLIEBSON 20, 34. GRAYDEN 34. GRIFFITHS 33. GRIMWADE 33.
GRANT Bros, Balnarring 30. GROVER 19, 28.
H. HALL 24. Hastings fishermen at diggings 20. HAYES Jack, trainer 34, 36, 44. HEAD 33.
HEGGINS 39. HOLMES Miles 35? HUNTER 19. HUNTLEY 31-2. HUTCHINS 19. I. IRVINE28.
J JAMIESON'S Special Survey 5. JOHNSON Phillip Hilton Elmore "Jack" pre, 38-44 (photos). JONES 19. JOURNEAUX 20, 34, 35. K. KERR 8, 39, 42. KIRKPATRICK 19.
L. LAMBERT 23. LAMBLE 23 PHOTO. LITTLEJOHN Bros. 35. LUPLAN Fred 31.
M. MAIRS 12, 22 25 photo, 33. McCRAE 7. McCUSKER 28, 32. McILROY 24. McKENZIE pre, 42.
McLELLAN (McLENNAN) Alex. 33.
MAPS:Mornington Peninsula pre; Thomas's pre; pastoral runs 4; Jamieson's Special Survey 5; Parishes near Tubbarubba 6; Tubbarubba geological 9; diggings 15; subdivision of c/a 15 Balnarring 54.
MEYERS 29. MEYRICK 5. MILLS 22, 24, 26. MOAT 28. MORIARTY 28.
N. NICHOLS 23. NORMAN (stationers) 32, 38. NUNN 28. O. OLLEY 19. ORSINO 28. OSWALD 29. OSWIN 5, 22 photo, 23 photo, 24 photo, 25 photo, 26, 31. OVERGAADE 35.
P. Petition of 7-12-1880 18-21.POPE 19. POULTON Ina 35.
R. RANKINE 33. REDSTON Tom, Liza 44. RENNISON 19. ROBB 36. ROOKE Harold 36. RUDDELL 5.
S. SHANNON 28. SHERLOCK 28. Sheep stealing 33. SHERWIN John 34, 36. SIMS Rev. 36. SMITH 23 SOMERS 28. STANLEY 12. STOREY Herbert John 31. STUART Capt. 12. SWEETAPPLE 33.
T TEASDALE William 30. THOMAS Protector 1-2, 5. TUCK 5. Tubbarubba Gold Mining Co. 28. TULLIS Bob 36.
W. WALKER 33. WILCHER 26, 35. WILKO 19. WILSON 28. WITTEN 42. WOODWARD (Red Hill) 38. WORRELL 28.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago

O'NIAL AND BEAMAN OF TULLAMARINE AND MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

This journal was prompted by my attempt to establish that Charles John Beaman who married Elizabeth Neil Knox was the only son of Richard Beaman and the widow of David William O'Nial who was born at the Lady of the Lake Hotel in Tullamarine on 23-5-1855 (The Argus 26-5-1855 page 4, accessed through TROVE.)
There is extensive information about the O'Nials and Beamans under the heading of the Lady of the Lake Hotel in my journal about hotels near Tullamarine. The purpose of this journal is to assist the person who posted details about Andrew John Beaman on Ancestry.com pages.

This post stated that Andrew John was the son of Charles John Beaman and Elizabeth Knox. When I clicked on Charles John, the post stated that he was born on 23-5-1855 to Richard Beaman and Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald. It seems possible, even probably, that Fitzgerald was the maiden name of David William O'Nial's wife. Why this is so will be discussed later. The big, big mistake is the statement that Charles John Beaman was born in Mauritius. I can only imagine (if no human error was involved) that another Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald/Beaman had given birth in Mauritius to a child with exactly the same name on exactly the same date as the boy born at Tullamarine. As this scenario is a bit far fetched, Mauritius may have been mentioned during Ellen's voyage to Australia and has somehow been attached in relation to another event, as a result of human error.

Very few of our early pioneers arrived in Australia on their own, except for sailors who jumped ship before (such as many of the lime burners at the Heads) and during the gold rush. Many came with relatives or sent encouraging reports and money to bring them later. A typical example is Robert Cairns who settled at Boneo in 1852. His wife's parents came with him and pioneered the other side of the bay, at Drysdale which is named after them. Within a couple of years, his brothers, Alexander and David had joined him at Boneo.

John Pascoe Fawkner's mother's maiden name was Pascoe and Moreland City Council accepted my suggestion to name Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16C3) after her. Hannah lived at her son's Belle Vue Park (renamed Oak Park by Glenroy flour mill owner, Hutchinson) and as there were Pascoes among the area's early pioneers, it is reasonable to assume that they were relatives of Hannah's.
The 1863 rate book of the Broadmeadows Road Board (the oldest available in 1988) showed that pioneers with the surnames of Foster and Fitzgerald had small holdings on the east side of what is now Melrose Drive, north of the Mickleham Rd corner. They were probably on one acre blocks on John Carre Riddell's Hamilton Terrace, bounded by the road to Bulla, Derby St and the closed Greenhill St (formerly officially Victoria St but known locally as Nash's Lane after Charles Nash of "Fairview".)It is reasonable to assume that they were poor relatives of William and John Foster brought out to work on their property of almost 2000 acres. If Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald was indeed the wife of David William O'Nial and then Richard Beaman, she was probably a distant cousin of the rich Fosters. William returned to the old country to inherit and later John Vasey Lesley Foster did the same, his name changed to JohnFitzgerald Leslie Foster in order to inherit.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago

OH, THE FARMERS AND THE HUNTERS SHOULD BE FRIENDS (MELBOURNE OUTSKIRTS, VIC., AUST.) WHO DUNN IT?

The following article was discovered because I was trying to find if there was a link between George Dodd of Keilor and Thomas Coffey of Bulla and had done a DELAHEY, KEILOR search on trove. Despite the protestations of innocence by Melbourne Hunt Club members,it is interesting that I have not found one instance of farmers complaining about damage caused by the Oaklands Hunt Club.

I have deliberately not corrected the digitisation for a reason. As a former teacher who had great success with children who had been underachieving readers, I am sick and tired of politicians who advocate phonics as the prime tool in improving reading standards. I certainly taught phonics but if a child was stuck on a word, sounding it out was the last resort, because reading is primarily about extracting meaning from written text. A child sounding out every second word can't see the wood for the trees! TAKE NOTE SAMANTHA MAIDEN OF THE SUNDAY HERALD SUN, AND CHRISTOPHER PYNE,VICTORIA'S MINISTER OF EDUCATION. You will be able to read the article without much effort at all by using PREDICTION, in other words, guessing a word that makes sense. That is the main reading strategy to develop Mr Pyne! Try sounding out the words that don't make sense and see how far that gets you! That's what it's like for a poor reader! Not fun at all!


THE HUNT CLUB AND THE FARMERS.
A meeting of mombers of the Melbourne Hunt, at which all farmers who considered they had any unsatisfied claims against tho club were invited to be present, was held yesterday at Goyder's Hotel, Bourke-streut, for the purpose of listening to any complaints the farmers had to make, and of considering the best means of reconciling the difficulties that existed between them and tho club.

Mr. J. Madden was in the chair. There wore about twenty mombers of tho club present, but oniy six farmers, the sympathies of the majority of whom were evidently with the club. The Chairman', in explaining the object
for which tho meeting was called, regrette! that the farmers had not accepted the challenge thrown down to them by the club, and attended the meeting. As they had refused it, and declined to attend and make their
claims, he thought they must be considered out of court, and that the club could not bo held responsible any further.

Mr. Basil Gray explained that he had attended a holu-and-corner sort of meeting, held a short time back by some farmers, for the purpose of passing resolutions which would annihilate the Melbourne Hunt Club in particular, and hunting in general, in Victoria ; but, as he learned that those who desired to express views in opposition to that schemo would be prevented from speaking, he soon left. He, however, heard it stated there that the club had wilfully destroyed property and endangered life ; that in no one instance had they offered to compensate the farmers for damage done to their crops ; and that if the latter obtained anything from thom after ap-
plication,, it was trifling in comparison with the injury they had sustained. In his opinion, the faimera assembled at that meeting very badly represented their class ; and that, in consequence, tho club need
take no notice of the resolutions they had adopted. As they had not chosen to attend the present meeting, which had been expressly called to enable them to stato their grievances publicly, he considered they had exonerated the club from taking any notice of them if made privately. He could only recollect ono occasion in which a crop
had been ridden over by the club.The Chairman explained that in the instance alluded to, immediate compensation
had been offered and accepted.

Mr. H. Delahey, of Keilor, remarked that although a farmer himself, he must say ho considered'the claims sent in to the club, in many instances, excessive. Mr. Pyke thought that it would be still advisable to adopt a conciliatory demeanour towards tliB farmers, and endeavour to meot them in a fair spirit. He would, therefore,
move-"That the Hunt Club reglet the unpleasant feeling existing between themselves and the farmers, and aro willing to either repair any damage done by them, or to agree to the appointment of assessois on each side,
and to abide by any decision given by them. Mr. B. Gray agreed with tho terms of the resolution, and suggested that, to save tho aimers all the trouble they could, it would be well to appoint an assessor in each district.

The Chairman observed that several farmers had suggested that instoad of receiving compensation for injury done to their fences, they would, in some districts at least,where wood was scarce, prefer that the club should send round a dray with a few rails, soon after tho hunt, and repair the damage done. To show that tho club was really anxious to meot the farmers, he might explain that two farmers, Messrs. Leslie and Wilson, had sent in claims for injury done to their fences at a recent hunt, and they would be paid, although their charges were not exactly correct. A gentleman at Heidelberg claimed 10 10s. for a terrier dog which the houndB had killed, and though the charge appeared to be high, ho felt sure the club would pay it when they knew that the person whomade it was not one likely to make an unreasonable demand.

Mr. Goyder, in seconding the resolution, reiterated the assertion that the club had no desire, to injure the farmers-----them. He entirely approved of the appointment of assessors, and the only difficulty in carrying the suggestion into eflect would be that of obtaining men who really would tell
them what damage had been done. There must be some check of the sort, or thoy might in somo instances have farmers coming in every Monday morning, claiming compensation for damage they had nevor sustained. Ho believed, however, that the club would rather put up with a little imposition than irritate the farmers by too closely inspecting their claims. Ho wished the whole of the farmers weio as hearty supporters of the hunt as those residing at Dandenong, who not only readily allowed the riders to go overntheir land, but even, when the cap was handedround, put in handsomely, and promised to do so again.

Mr. Waldock, the master of the hounds, remindeei 'the meeting that tho club had already appointed six farmers residing in the various agricultural districts to act as assessors for them. He believed the club had dealt,and were prepared to deal, fairly by thefarmers, and he would promise to give 100 to the Melbourne Hospital out of his own pocket on the day any one pointed out to him a caso in which he had not acted towards a farmer in the spirit a master of the hounds should not. He did not believe the feeling of opposition to the club was as strong as some mado it out to be, because ho know for a fact that some of tho farmers whost names wero attached to a document by Mr Dunn, warning him, as mastor of the hound from coming on their land, had not autborised the uso of their names for any sucl purpose.

Mr. Goyder condemned the oxtrome language used by somo of the farmers at tholi late meeting when referring to tho Hun Club, but consideied that that should no induce the club to assume an antagonistic attitude towards them.

Mr. B. Gray suggested that the resolutioi should bo slightly altered, so as to read tha the club regretted the unpleasant feeling tha "appeared to oxist" between thomselves am the farmers. Ho did so because, in hi
opinion, such a feeling did not exist in th minds of the farmers as a class. Mr. Walduck considered that tho epithet of " Bourkc-8treet loafers," though not applicable to tho nunt Club, might be correctly applied to many of the non-subscribers wh followed the hounds. Ho would like to se the farmers assist the club to prevent thoa
persons joining in tho hunt, for the damag done to the fences was almost entirely occasioned by thom. '

The'resolution, amended according to Mr B. Gray's suggestion, was carried. Mr. Mitchell, of the Model Farm, objecte to the insinuation thrown out by Mr. Goydo that the farmers might on Monday morninf present - claims for damage thoy had nev< sustained. Speoific instancos should bo give in which that had been dono before a general charge was ' made against the farmers as a class.

Mr. Walduck said that, last Monday week three faimcrs, named Mansfield, Cumming and Sharpe, had sent in claims amounting t 13, while, on examination, it was found tin 10 10s. fully covered the damngo thoy hu sustained, .
Mr. Goyder explained that ho never itended by his remarks to make a gonr chargo against the farmers. He morely wishto impress upon the club th necessity of taking some precautions to prevent tin being imposed on.

Mr. Boadle, of Prospect-hill, oxplained til it was his dog tho chairman had alluded to having been killed by the hounds. It h been worried in the presenco of his childrc with whom it had boen playing when t hounds carno up, without ovon an attempt to whip them off. He proceeded to instar several cases in > which considerable darno had been dono to his,and his neighbou property' when the hunt mot last Heidelberg, and especially condemned t manner ,in which,some of the riders h knocked down some panels of the cemetery fence, and grossly'abused one of the trust* when requested to put up tho rails again prevent to cattlo from getting,,in. He stated that the horse of one of tho hunters fell dead undor him, about two Cr three bundi yards from, tho cemetery ,and somo privi houses, and that when some labourers, v were by, offered to bury it for a small
renouration 'the rider, replied that it had alrqi cost him enough.', out that the men mij have the skin for their trouble. The corquenco was that the dead body roman there still, to tho great annoyance of the
neighbourhood. _ . ' >

Mr. Goyder said that it'was his horse that had fallen down dead, but that ho had had no such conversation as that described by Mr. Roadie with any men. He would seo that the horse was buried. Air. Walduck assured Mr. Boadle that every attempt was made to whip the hounels off his little dog : but that they had killed it
before they could hu even reached.

Mr. Boadle believed that if the club would take steps to prevent their hounds being followed by a number of non-subicribers, there were not threo farmers in the district he livetl in who would object to their hunting, so long as they avoided doing damage. Mr. B. Gray said the club were most anxious to do so ; but could Mr. Boadle inform him how they could prevent non-membeis following the hounds? Mr. Boadle replied that ho did not attend tbo meeting for the purposo of offering suggestions to the club.After some further discussion,

Dr. Pattehbon moved, and Mr. Pyke seconded, a vote of thanks to those farmers who had attended the meeting for the purpose of explaining their grievances to the club. The motion was carried, and tho proceedings terminated.
(P.1s, Argus, 6-7-1869.)

I had not realised what Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" (Melway 5 K12-D12 roughly)had started with his brave stance, despite reading all the proceedings of DUNN v WALDOCK. The latter's lawyer,Madden,tried to smother the case in points of law by taking it to the Supreme Court.

HUNT CLUBS AND FARMERS' LEAGUES.
The Adelaide Hunt Club, in the infancy of career, may learn in time useful lessons from the recent declaration of war between the huntsmen of Melbourne and the farmers over whose land they have hitherto followed the kangaroo, the dingo, or the red herring. The yeomen of Moonee Ponds, Pentridge, and other fertile neighborhoods, profess no hostility to the " fine old English sport" of hunting, but object to the manner in
which it is practised in Victoria. At the first blush it will appear to any ordinary comprehension, that the farmers and gardeners are under no obligation to offer apologies for taking measures to protect their fields and gardens from invasion and injury. As owners of the freehold or leasehold of these lands they have an undoubted right to possess them free from needless molestation, and are unable to understand why a gentleman's ornamental grounds should be protected against the slightest pedestrian intrusion, while the husbandman's land should be exposed to the incursions of troops of horsemen, tearing through hedges, breaking down fences, and trampling under foot whatever happens to lie in their way. They consider they have, or ought to have,the rights of property enjoyed by other classes of the community, and do not see that they would be sacrificing them to a higher object if they submitted to unlimited aggressions simply because the trespassers were gentlemen in search of amusement. They have been told there is the law to appeal to, but(like too many other ill-used citizens) they have found practically that the law is nothing more than a machine for wearing out the poor suitor with expenses and annoyances, and ensuring victory to the litigant with the longest purse. A Mr. Dunn complained of the injury caused to his property by the Melbourne Hunt Club, and finding them unwilling to give him compensation at all commensurate with the damage he had sustained, sued the Master of the Hounds in a Court
of law, and got more kicks than halfpence, the trumpery indemnification he obtained being nothing to set off against the heavy costs and worrying by counsel to which he was subjected. He was treated, in fact, as if he were some criminal, or some greedy extortioner endeavoring to victimise a few pleasant, free-hearted, "jolly dogs," who, in the exuberance of their spirits, had chanced to'gallop across his land. He went into Court an injured man, and came out a still more injured man. His class took this matter up,perceiving that what was Mr. Dunn's case then might any day be the case of any other farmer whose land might be crossed by a flying doe or a Yarmouth bloater. The farmers and gardeners then formed an Association bearing the comprehensive title of the "Fence, Field,and Chattel Preservation League," fixed the annual subscription of members' somewhat in proportion to the extent of their holdings, and decided that any member of the League aggrieved by the huntsmen should come upon the common fund for support and assistance in obtaining redress by legal means. This league having been duly organised, the Nimrods of the chase opened their eyes and became suddenly aware of the fact that though they may occasionally override their bounds, they have not carte blanche to override all country property without fear of consequences. They of course had no prescriptive or any other right to gallop freely over other persons' land, just because they smelt game ahead of them. Hunting is commonly allowed by farmers over their ground because,they do not wish to spoil sport, and sometimes because they join in the past-time themselves, but they infallibly complain if the amusement is followed with a reckless disregard of consequences to property. It therefore comes to this:Huntsmen should first endeavor to do as little mischief as possible; and, secondly, should fully repair and compensate forany damage that is actually done. To destroy a man's property and then harass him with lawyers, is quite sufficient to breed hostility, and the defence, at the
expense of the Melbourne Hunt Club in the case of Dunn v. Waldock, and the manner in which it was conducted, amply warranted the position subsequently assumed by the agriculturists and horticulturists.
There are two classes of persons who turn out on hunting days to whom the farmers specially object. There are theroughs and jockeys, who ride neck-or nothing at and go out of their way to take fences, even if they lead into growing crops. This wanton destructiveness is much to be condemned, and is anything but sportsmanlike, for to say nothing of the old English custom of avoiding crops as much as possible, any true huntsman with a long run before him, will spare his horse as much as he can. But there is another class still more obnoxious,
usually composed of " cockneys " and unskilled or timid riders, who have no pretensions to the title of huntsmen at all, but simply go out in the hope of having fences broken for them through which they may scramble. They seldom if ever see the end of a run, they follow till some obstruction pulls them up, and
then, after trampling and cutting up the corn under the pretence of forcing their horses at the leap, return to boast of their wonderful exploits. A British farmer cannot stomach this sort of thing; he will more easily bear five times the amount of injury from the honest country rider, who fears nothing, than from the mere pretender. Persons who cannot follow hounds in a sportsmanlike manner should be content to see them " throw off," and
then satisfy themselves with a canter home, instead of making themselves ridiculous, and bringing discredit upon the sportsmen they are making feeble efforts to imitate. Conducted properly there is no fear of hunting becoming unpopular with farmers. It is a sport congenial to almost all persons with rural tastes, and with its healthy excitement and ample exercise, forms a pleasant relief, to those who can afford it, from wearying and irksome pursuits. Moreover, there is no question that whereever hunting is common it tends to improve the breed of horses. A racer in these days of light weights and handicaps is frequently good for nothing off the "turf," but most of the finest qualities of a horse must be combined in one that can take a succession of strong post and rail fences, and live through a long run across country. The hunter is the beau ideal of a horse, and if breeders aim at such a standard there need be no fear of deterioration in our hacks. But as a Hunt Club cannot exercise on its own freehold, care should be taken not to injure or annoy those upon whose kind consent the very existence of such a Club must depend. Express and Telegraph.
(P.2,The South Australian Advertiser, 28-6-1869.)


Adam Lindsay Gordon couldn't have put it better!

Here's some information about some of the people involved in the story.
DUNN.Edmund Dunn was a trustee for the Methodist church and despite dodging the toll gate near Viewpoint by exiting his property in different directions according to his destination,he was a peace-loving man like those in the Methodist Nash,Parr and Wright families. However when wrong was triumphing over right, he stood his ground,just like another Methodist leader at Tullamarine,Tommy Loft, about 60 years later, who had the Junction Hotel closed; Cec and Lily Green were later shown a bullet, lodged in an inside door,which had been fired during an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the pub! Edmund had complained not only about his crushed crops,but also about ewes that were so traumatised that they could not drop their lambs.

DELAHEY. I have tried to find what kind of farming the Delaheys were carrying out on their large area of land between Milleara Rd and the river but without success. I suspect that he was a grazier and would have had few crops likely to be trampled.

GOYDER. This was probably Frank Goyder,mentioned by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN,who later owned part of John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park at Pascoe Vale and owned some good racehorses.

MADDEN. Probably the lawyer/supplier of horses to the Indian army, who renamed Hugh Glass's "Flemington" as "Travancore"-which when subdivided was given street names from India, Cashmere being a corruption of Kashmir. Waldock's lawyer; probably Sir John Madden.

PYKE. Squatter on the Upper Werribee run who was granted much land near Ballan. Pyke's Flat seems to be the site of Pyke's Creek reservoir.

WALDOCK. Sam Waldock was a racehorse trainer at Flemington but advertised his establishment and many of his horses for sale early in 1867. (P.2, Argus, 2-1-1867.)

On Saturday last Mr. Waldock, the Flemington trainer, who has undertaken the mastership of the Melbourne hounds, brought them out for the first time this season. At one o'clock the space in front of the Racecourse Hotel, which was the fixture for the occasion was a scene of much bustle and liveliness, being scattered over with carriages, horsemen, and horsewomen, among the latter of whom the Misses Manners Sutton* filled a
conspicuous place, though they only accompanied their brothers as far as the throw-off.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian, Saturday 13 June 1868 p 3 Article.)
*Their father Sir John Manners-Sutton was the governor and soon after became Viscount Canterbury during his tenure, thus accounting for the first two names for BLAIRGOWRIE.

I'm fairly sure that Sam Waldock,who ran the Red House hotel at Northcote in 1866 (RACING AT NORTHCOTE.
The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1870) Monday 22 October 1866 p 2 Article) later owned the Laurel Hotel in Ascot Vale.


MITCHELL. The manager of the model farm was Josiah Mitchell. I suspect that the model farm,about 160 acres,was the northern part of Royal Park.It was definitely near the Royal Park Station where 5 acres of the old model farm was planted with mulberry trees in an attempt to establish a silk industry. Because of the farm, West Brunswick residents had to go four miles instead of one to reach Flemington Rd. The Industrial School (Turana?) was built on one of its paddocks, as was the mental institution which led to the creation of Oak St.


Cause of Rust in Wheat. We have received a pamphlet entitled 'The Cause of Rust in
Wheat,' being a paper read at Ballarat by Mr.Josiah Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne,together with a discussion thereupon. (South Australian Register, Saturday 20 February 1869 p 2 Article.)

ACCIDENT TO A VALUABLE HORSE.-A valuable mare, the property of Mr Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne, met with a frightful death on Saturday last, by jumping a low picket fence dividing the farmyard from an enclosure near the house. The leap, it would appear, was taken to avoid the attack of another mare, and in going over the low fence one of the sharp pointed pickets ripped open the belly of the animal; the bowels fell out on the spot, and the mare, after staggering for a few yards, dropped dead. Farmers will do well to avoid placing low " model fences " with sharp pointed pickets around their farmyards. (P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 15-7-1869.)

MANSFIELD. The farm where damage was caused could have been on 16 Doutta Galla near the south west corner of the present Essendon Aerodrome, 22C Doutta Galla near the site of Westfield Airport Shoppingtown, Mansfield's Triangle, between Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd (all Sam Mansfield),the 80 acre site of the Melbourne Airport terminal building (John Mansfield) or along Mansfields Rd near the historic Roseleigh homestead (David Mansfield.)

SHARP. This was James Sharp who had bought part of Foster's "Springs" (21 Doutta Galla)in about 1867. Sharps Rd,the boundary between the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine was named after James Sharp.


If only the Melbourne hunt had taken the advice of Mr Browne in 1866. He was on Camp Hill, of which Mansfield's Triangle had been a part before being sold off by Eyre Evans Kenny. He had a little girl named Pattie who later married Alfred Deakin. She remembered the injured deer in her later life. ("One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows,the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat
them." WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO BUILD AUSTRALIA No. 3 of Series: Pattie Deakin
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated.
)

THE MELBOURNE HUNT.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,-Will you kindly, through the columns of your paper, allow me to suggest to the members of the Melbourne Hunt, and to the master of the hounds in particular, the propriety of choosing localities where there is
little cultivated land as the places for holding their " meets ?"
Last Saturday, had not tho stag unfortunately broken his leg as he was going down a steep hill on my property, he would have run through my crops, and those of the neighbouring farmers, followed by about a couple of hundred horsemen, which, as the crops are now up a good height, would have done considerable damage. As it was, a number of the horsemen, and one or two parties in conveyances, in coming to and returning from where the lame stag stood,instead of keeping on the farm-yard road, up which the stag had run, rode and drove over the ploughed land, lately sown with expensive grate-seeds, for about a quarter of a mile alongside of this road, because it was a little rough.
I should be the last person to say a word to discourage hunting, even if it were in my power to do so; and I would not have troubled you with this communication were there not many localities round Melbourne where there is little or no cultivation equally as suitable for the hounds to meet as the agricultural districts of Moonee Ponds and Broadmeadows. I feel sure the suggestion I have made will be endorsed by most, if not all, of the farmers in the neighbourhood, and considered reasonable by even the members of the hunt themselves.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, AN OLD SPORTSMAN. Camp-hill, July 17. ((P.5, Argus, 19-7-1866.)

1 comment(s), latest 4 weeks ago

OWNERS AND OCCUPIERS OF STEWARTON / GLADSTONE PARK, VIC., AUST.

This journal was prompted by Bezza sending me the information in italics. Mr Fenwick was probably managing the farm for Helen Melville. Thomas Steuart Gladstone was cousin of the prime minister. Stewarton and a farm of the same name in the Western District were probably named after Gladstone's partner. Stewarton was renamed Gladstone in the second year of John Cock's lease.

The will of the late Mr Thomas Gladstone has been proved. The personalty in the estate amounts to 25=,000.Kilmore Press 23 May 1889 p3. This is Thomas Steuart Gladstone. There was also a Sir Thomas Gladstone that died in 1889.

Fenwick seem to have Gladstone park in 1917 when it was sold.
Essendon Gazette 22 Feb 1917
Gladstone Park Sale. Campbell and Sons and McCulloch Hancock will sell, on Wednesday,. Inst., at 1 p.m., at Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows. under instructions from A. G. and C E. Melville. the whole of pedigreed and farm mares, dairy breeding sows, sheep, machinery, farm implements and sundries. Particularly given in our advertising columns, and other details may be had from the auctioneers or from Mr. A. Fenwick. Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows.

Essendon Gazette 14 Sep 1916 p2
Clearing Sale at Broadmeadows. .Last Tuesday week, 5th September, a very successful clearing sale was held at Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows, by McPhail, Anderson and Co., in conjunction with McCulloch and Hancock. The proprietors having decided to relinquish dairying and to go in solely for sheep and cropping, instructed the above agents to hold a clearing sale of all the dairy stock, plant, etc. A large number of buyers attended and a good sale resulted. Cows. in milk some time, made to 11 10s; springers, to 14; 21-year-old heifers, in lines, 6 12s 6d;: 18 months to 2-year-olds, 4 12s Gd; 9 to 12 months olds, 3 2s 6d; bull,.to 10 2s 6d. The plant. etc.. also sold at good values.


Essendon Gazette 8 August 1918 p3
MR. A. E. HOADLEY Has secured the Imported Welsh Cob, GWALIA CAESAR Who will stand the Season at GLADSTONE PARK, BROADMEADOWS. Terms on Application.



Section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine fronted the east side of today's Mickleham Rd from the Lackenheath Drive corner to Forman St where it adjoined Broadmeadows Township.The first bridge in the township joined the two parts of Ardlie St.

Today's suburb of Gladstone Park is separated from the rest of SECTION 5'S 777 acres (subdivided as the Gladstone Gardens Estate) by the freeway. It also includes most of "Viewpoint" which ran south to the junction. Marigold Crescent in Gowanbrae is also part of Viewpoint. About half of Camp Hill/ Gowanbrae is in Gladstone Park while the portion south east of the Ring Road carries the farm's second name.

GLADSTONE PARK.
Page G.30, DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.
George Russell of Golf Hill in the Western District who bought Section 5 Tullamarine is shown on the Parish map as the grantee. He bought it for Niel Black of Mt Noorat near Colac who arrived in 1839 as the representative of Niel Black & Co. The partners in this firm were A.Stewart,Thomas Steuart Gladstone, Alex Struthers Finlay and Niel Black. Section 5, Tullamarine was probably intended as a holding paddock or depot to rest sheep hoofing it to market in Melbourne and was owned by Neil Black until his death in 1880 and in 1881-2 by his estate.

In 1882-3 Gladstone became the owner and from 1888-1892, land speculator, G.W.Taylor, was recorded in rate books as the owner;he'd anticipated a killing because of the proposed railway to Bulla with a possible branch to Broadmeadows Township. Taylor fled the country leaving massive debts and the Gladstones regained title as well as pocketing the deposit and part payments.Andrew Lemon said the Gladstones owned the 777 acre farm "until the 1920's" but the rate collectors thought otherwise;the next owner was Frederick Newman Levin, from 1949 till 1952 when he sold to Stanley Korman.

Lessees were Peter McCracken 1846-1855 (McCracken Papers), J.Maconochie , 1863-4, Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint",the next property south 1865-1873, John Taylor 1873-5, John Kerr of Kerrsland 1875-1892 (Kerr and sons 1881-2), John Cock my great grandfather 1892-1912, HELEN MELVILLE 1912-1917, A.E.Hoadley 1917-1920, L.Roxburgh 1920-1930, Jim Barrow 1930-1949. Owner/Occupiers from then were Levin 1949-52, Stanley Korman 1952-1964, Costain Development Pty. Ltd (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.) The last occupant of the second Gladstone Park Homestead (site known) was Ian Farrugia who was also the last occupant of the remaining house on THE LAST OF THE BROADY FARMS (Camp Hill/ Gowanbrae), the second farm south.

PASCOE VALE AND STRATHMORE., VIC., AUST.

Much information about Pascoe Vale, Oak Park, the naming of roads (Bell St after Bell Manor, O'Hea's Rd after Father O'Hea) and locations (Westbreen school after West and Breen etc) can be found in Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, the history of the City of Coburg. BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY has quite a lot about Pascoeville,the Young Queen,Belle Vue and John Kernan/Merai.

Bruce Barber's website on the history of Strathmore supplies information from rate books and other sources about Strathmore.To locate Bruce's website, google HISTORY OF STRATHMORE, RAY or you'll have to wade through countless pages about Strathmore in Canada.

From Harry Heaps at Tullamarine to Ron Doig at Tootgarook, everyone seems to have have told me about a plane crash in the early days of aviation. Here's one about a crash at Pacca.

PLANE FORCED DOWN IN PADDOCK
Forced down by engine trouble, a light plane, piloted by Mr Howard Morris of North Essendon made an emergency landing yesterday afternoon in a paddock near Cumberland road, Pascoe Vale. Neither Mr Morris nor Mr McFarlane of Coburg, a passenger, was injured. The plane was only slightly damaged. After the wings were removed the ma- chine was towed back to the Essendon aerodrome.(P.2, Argus, 16-12-1937.)

THE BOARD TRACK AT NORTH ESSENDON.
This article is about Jack Campbell, the man who owned the board track. Only part of the article appears here.

He moved back to his old hunting ground (the Motordrome)in 1934 with an agreement he thought was "water tight." However, there was a loop- hole, and after two years he was forced to look for a new venue for his races. He bought a block of land at North Essendon, and within a month shifted the whole track there and had racing in full swing. That was 12 years ago, and the Campbell era of cycling now is drawing to a close.
(P.10, Argus, 1-5-1951.)

BOARD TRACK CHANGE
Site at Essendon
The Broadmeadows Council yesterday approved a proposal for the transfer of board track cycle racing from the Exhibition to a site near the Napier Park coursing ground. The work of re-erecting the track would cost about 4 000.
Councillor Mutton said that it was merely a proposal to transfer the Exhibition track to North Essendon. He thought the track would be a great acquisition to the district.
An amendment to defer consideration for a fortnight to enable the people of North Essendon to express their views was defeated.
After the council had granted the application Mr J Campbell said that he was the promoter of the proposal. An area of about seven acres of land had been obtained about 100 yards from the North Essendon railway station Legal action had forced him and his partner to leave the Exhibition.
If a track were not obtained for the coming season professional and amateur cycling would decline and Olympic Games aspirants would not be afforded facilities to prepare themselves for Finland. Racing would be held on Wednesday and Saturday nights. (P.15, Argus, 1-9-1939.)
The Station is now called Strathmore. It would be clearer to say that the Napier Park greyhound track and the board track were on opposite sides of the railway line, not of the station.

The site is on the opposite side of the station to the coursing ground. Work on the new track will begin on Monday, and the first races will be held on the first

Saturday in November.

ROSEBANK.
Rosebank, one of Strathmore's historic houses, was built by Barber, who was part of one of Melbourne's early law firms before moving to Warrnambool. He was buried at Warrnambool.
DEATH. BARBER.-On the 21st March, at his residence, "Rosebank," Wood land-street, North Essendon, George Page Barber; also of Staywood Park, Warrnambool, in his 76th year. (P.2, Warrnambool Standard, 24-3-1914.)

The shire of Broadmeadows was huge in 1944, stretching as far north as Wallan. Most of the councillors were farmers and although money had been set aside for facilities at Strathmore,the Pascoe Vale residents (west of Northumberland Rd)were far from happy.This area was later transferred to the Coburg municipality.

At the Council Table Notes From Broadmeadows. THE JUNE MEETING OF THE BROADMEADOWS SHIRE COUNCIL WAS HELD AT NIGHT ON THE 29th-AND AT THE NIGHT GATHERINGS THERE IS ALWAYS A "GALLERY" OF INTERESTED RATE PAYERS. ON THIS OCCASION A DEPUTATION WAS IN ATTENDANCE, AND COUNCIL HEARD SOME UNDISGUISED CRITICISM OF ITS POLICY REGARDING STREETS AT PASCOE VALE. NOT MANY MATTERS RELATED TO THE "NORTH" WERE ON THE AGENDA.
(P.6, Kilmore Free Press, 13-7-1944.)




MERAI FARM.
There is some information from BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS in regard to this Pascoe Vale farm. John Pascoe Fawkner purchased section 151 of the parish of Jika Jika, consisting of 780 acres, on 1-8-1839.This land was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Ck, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Northumberland Rd and Gaffney St.

Fawkner was affected by the depression but was saved from bankruptcy by putting his property,Belle Vue or Grand View, in his wife's name. In 1842, the 218 acre part of the property east of Sydney Road (Pascoe Vale Rd)was sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom a section of Pascoe Vale Rd within the Township of Essendon was named)and was known from that time as Merai Farm. It was leased by Ashurst to various tenants, Joseph Burns being the first. John Kernan commenced leasing Merai Farm in 1856.

In 1871,John Kernan, by that stage owning or leasing about 500 acres in that area appeared before the Royal Commission on Noxious Trades and said that he'd improved the yield on his farms fifteen-fold on the poorer soil by using animal matter from the Maribyrnong meat Preserving Company as fertiliser. He had to confess that the smell was pretty strong.(P.63-4, B.A.F.H.; not in index.)

John Kernan died in 1879 and Merai Farm was carried on by his widow, Mary, and his son, John. The Kernans had not bought Merai Farm and in 1885, a group of Melbourne businessmen from Melbourne were parleying with the Ashurst family to buy the land.

John Kernan was a great friend of Michael Loeman of Glenloeman at Bulla according to Harry Peck of Hiawatha in Strathmore. John Kernan was supposed to have subdivided land in Strathmore and given Loeman's Rd (Strathmore) its name.

KERNAN,MERAI FARM ON TROVE.
John Kernan Jnr was still on Merai Farm in 1898.

FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 11 March 1898 p 3 Article
... FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS. A field trial of agricultural implements took place yesterday at the farm of Mr. Jolm Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds. The trial, which was under the auspices biih w is undei tin nuspius of the louil Agutullut li ?o ntl, nts luteiulid lo bung out competition bctwien miihi ... 588 words

THE GRAND NATIONAL EXHIBITION AT GEELONG.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 12 October 1866 Supplement: Supplement to The Argus p 1 Article
... in foal-Board's prize, 10, J. F. Donaldson ; board's second prize, 10, John Kernan, Merai ; third ... farm purposes, also property of exhibitors-Board's prize, 6, Alfred Douglas, Geelong. Three Colts and ... 2256 words


BACCHUS MARSH AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL SOCIETY. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 October 1887 p 2 Detailed lists, results, guides
... Vale; second, 2; third, 1. 1st, John Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds, Switzerland; 2nd Hon H. Miller, ... Melbourne. Farm and Garden Produce-Mr. E. Richardson, Nagambie; Mr. D. S. Hughes, Lonsdale street, ... and G. Burnip. Farm and Garden Produce-Messrs. G. Dickie and H. Vallence. Implements and ... 7129 words

KERNAN, PASCOE VALE ON TROVE.
ROLL OF HONOUR
The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 Edition: Morning p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -4-- Lieut. E. J: Kernan, of "Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch; Town Hall, ... Ascot Vale, has been wound ed for the third time. and.. now an in-. mate of a hospital at Bouen, where ... 336 words

ROLL OF HONOUR
Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -----+---- Lieut. E. J. Kernan. of '*Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch, Town

Obituary.
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 6 February 1930 Edition: MORNING p 2 Article
... 'Obituary., An old and highly esteemed resident of Pascoe Vale. passed away to eternal reward when -Mr John Kernan departed; this life on 28th ultimo. The deceased,, who:had.been in rather delicate health1 for some. time,.was 7.4 years ofage, spent, most. of his .long life in-.the district; .

KERNAN, JIKA JIKA ON TROVE.
Advertising
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 22 January 1886 p 3 Advertising
... the Pascoo Railway Station, and the well-known residence of Messrs. J. M. Peak, Kernan, Anderson ... of December, 1885
(This article seems to indicate that John Kernan Jnr was living in present-day Strathmore.)

TUESDAY JULY 14
CLEARING SALE Of DAIRY CATTLE &C.,At MERAI, PASCOEVALE
WM ADAMSON and Co have received instructions from Mr John Kernan Merai Pascoevale to SELL,as above through their auctioneer James McPhail.
The whole of his choice herd of dairy cattle,
horses and dairy utensils as under -
123 HEAD of CATTLE,
Comprising 80 cows in full milk 23 springers,20 heifers 12 to 20 months old the progeny of the above cows.
HORSES 5 saddle and harness horses
DAIRY UTENSILS. 2 refrigerators
15 milk cans and numerous other articles used in connection with a dairy.
Everything offered will be sold as Mr Kernan s instructions to us are to sell without the slightest reserve. We would draw attention to the fact that there are no store cows or strippers amongst the Milkers they being all cows in full milk, and cows that we can highly recommend to those in want of first class milkers.
The sale of cattle will start at one o clock sharp. Luncheon provided.

Trains leave Spencer street Station for Pascoevale at 8.37 a m and 12 noon.
Wm. Adamson and Co 408 Bourke street.(P.2,Argus, 13-7-1891.)


Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 1 March 1886 p 2 Advertising
... luitrueted by John Kernan, Esq., to SELL by AI'011 ON' at Mcrai, .Moonee Ponds, Pmscoevale-road, on .

John Kernan had probably been concentrating on hay production, draught horses and elevators being among the items on sale. Ashurst must have sold Merai but the subdivision possibly stalled. Therefore another 5 year lease seems to have been negotiated with John turning to dairying; hence the clearing sale of 1891.

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 3 April 1886 p 2 Advertising
... that valuablo freehold property, being part of Crown Allotments 150 and 151, parish Jika Jika, countv ... Is at present In the occupation of Mr. J. Kernan, and It is splendid FARM LAND. The crops obtained ...

The description of Merai containing land in crown allotment 150 puzzled me but I figured it must have been a small parcel between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line and sure enough,there was the tiny Kernan Ave at Melway 16 K10.

The Kernans were pioneers of Somerton as well.
Coburg Police Court. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE.
The Coburg Leader (Vic. : 1890 - 1913) Saturday 23 May 1908 p 4 Article
... Coburg Police Court. rt. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE. John Francis Kernan, licensee of the 'Somerton, Hotel, pleaded guilty that being the licensee of licensed premises known as the Somerton Hotel in the Broadmeadows licensing district, a sale of liquor took place on such

John Kernan seems to have been the first licensee of the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel, built by Bulla pioneer,Tulip Wright. The following Gazette notice describes the hotel as being on the corner of Macedon and Keilor Roads. Over the years Bulla Rd was called Macedon Rd, Deep Creek Road, the Great Road to the Diggings (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854),Bulla Rd,Lancefield Rd, and now (north of Keilor Rd), it is called Bulla Rd, Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive.
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 1 April 1851 p 2 Article
...esterson, Richmond ; John Kernan, junction of the Mount Macedon and Kielor roads C ... ; George Vutgo, Somerton ; Sarah Wulle, Pentridge.

EARLY ROADS.
Macedon Road was mentioned re the location of the hotel for which John Kernan wanted his licence.I found this when I entered "Sydney Road, Pascoeville.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
ROADS.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. ;
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road, from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
Parish.
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road,leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road.
((P.4, The Melbourne Argus, 5-5-1848.

The first became Bulla Rd, the second Keilor Rd, the third Oaklands Rd and the fourth Pascoe Vale Rd.

JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER.
FOR SALE, at Pascoeville, orders for which will be received at the Patriot office, Melbourne, a small quan tity of Lucerne, and of twelve varieties of English Grasses, either for lawns or meadows. A few English Trees which have been nearly two years acclimatised, consisting of Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Maple, Acacia, Walnut, Chesnut, Filbert, and Spanish Chesnut. These persons who really delight in ornamenting their country residences Will be blind to their own interests if they neglect the present opportunity. JOHN P. FAWKNER.
(P.1, Geelong Advertiser,16-5-1842.)

No doubt Fawkner planted some of each type of tree on Belle Vue Park. Only one of the trees he planted remains; it is an oak. After Fawkner's widow, Eliza, died, John? English bought the property and built the double storey brick building which remains today. A later owner, Hutchinson, a Glenroy flour miller, renamed the property Oak Park because of all the oak trees Fawkner had plantedor so it had been written!

OAK PARK.
TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 26 April 1952 p 6 Article
... TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES Today will see a rush of weddings. It will be the most popular Saturday for marriage since the new year. One of today's biggest weddings. will be that of Patricia Catherine, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R, J. Hutchinson, Oak Park, Glenroy, to James Francis ... 238 words

Hutchinson was on Belle Vue by 1949 when Patricia's engagement was announced to another bloke.

He was there by 1945.
APPEAL ALLOWED
Mr Justice O'Bryan, in the Practice Court, upheld an appeal on behalf of Hutchinson's Finley Flour Milling and Agency Co Pty Ltd, of Hartington st, Glenroy, against a conviction and fine of 50 by Mr Nicholas, PM, at the City Court for an offence under the Prices Regulations. His Honour made the order nisi to review the decision absolute, with costs, and set aside the fine.


The appellant company had been fined on a charge of having overcharged for bran and pollard.

At the City Court there had been 10 charges of a similar nature against the company, and 10 against Robert Graham Hutchinson, of Oak Park, Glenroy, a director of the company.etc. (P.10, Argus, 2-3-1945.)

The farm had been called Oak Park much earlier than this.
ALCORN - In loving memory of George James eldest son of James and Annie Alcorn, and loving brother of Wallace and Jack accidentally killed at Pascoevale, November 1 1924. (Sadly missed by his loved ones at Oak Park Glenroy). (P>1, Argus, 1-11-1926.)

Subdivision of "Oak Park" began in 1946 and an aerial photo of the area in 1954 (on page 173 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) shows the homestead and the beautiful garden surrounding it in the centre with quite a few houses, especially near Pascoe Vale Rd.


Joseph English bought Belle Vue when Fawkner's widow, Eliza (nee Cobb) died in 1879. It is probable that he named the property Oak Park at about that time.Hutchinson did not bestow the suburb's name!
ENGLISH. On the 24th March, at "Oak Park," Glenroy, the wife of J. M. English a daughter.
(P.13, Argus, 14-4-1917.)


English St in Essendon Aerodrome was most likely named after Joseph or John English. Joseph let part of Belle Vue to either the Knights or Fred Morgan (can't remember which but the two families were related by marriage and one family was related to English)and their property was called The Pines. (Fred's place. See Victoria and Its Metropolis and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS.) Other tenants known to be on Belle Vue were Rob. Bryant,dairyman and Frank Goyder, a thoroughbred enthusiast mentioned in detail by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. Another occupant is mentioned in this report.

HUNTING Oaklands Club By Blue Top.
Meeting at Sherwood, Oaklands Junction on Saturday the Oaklands Hunt Club had a drag run to Glenroy. The throw-off was in the Sanatorium property through J.Attwood's Dundonald Estate to the Mickleham road which was crossed taking the field into K Campbell's Springbank, thence through Willowbank to J Walsh's, Andersons and Underwoods where hounds were checked near the bridge in Broadmeadows road. Taking up the line again in Pahoff's the pack raced down the valley into McLeans and then crossed the railway bridge Into Gibson's and on through Proudfoot's, Parker's and Morgan's to W.Burke's Oak Park where hounds threw up their heads near the dam after an excellent run of seven or eight miles.etc. (P.11, Argus, 28-6-1937.)

Follow the hunt on Melway.----------------------------------------------


FAWKNER'S MOTHER.
I think that Hannah Pascoe was really Australia's first saint. She performed a miracle! Hannah, from a well-to -do family married a silversmith who earned a free trip to Australia- as a convict. Did Hannah go back to her parents with her young son,where they would both prosper? No. Hannah chose to accompany her husband, John, halfway around the world to establish Victoria's first settlement at Sullivan Bay, near Sorrento, in 1803. She obviously worried about her son, John Fawkner being contaminated by the dregs of English society (as most of the convicts were), but she wanted to keep the family together.

When Collins relocated to Hobart after a few months because of supposed difficulty in obtaining fresh water, the locale changed but not the corrupting influence that could turn young John to a life of crime,laziness, drunkenness, cursing and so on. When John's father obtained his ticket of leave, he was granted some land but much of the income he earned from it was wasted on drink. Hannah and her son were facing a life of poverty.

Hannah was informed of an inheritance and had to return to England to claim it.Here was her chance to return to the comfortable life she had known before her marriage, and although C.P.Billot does not say in THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER whether she took her son with her,it is hard to imagine her leaving her son in the care of his drunken father. Hannah returned and it is almost certain that the various enterprises started later by John Fawkner in Launceston were made possible by Hannah's inheritance.

John Fawkner developed into a hard-working, community-minded, literate, law-abiding man. Considering the environment in which he grew up,that was Hannah's miracle. There was one slight blip on young John's record regarding the law but it illustrates his caring nature, generosity and championing of the cause of the common man rather than lawless tendencies. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825,the 33 year-old John Fawkner adopted her maiden name as a second given name as a mark of respect for everything that she had done for him.

When R.K.Morgan's old factory site on Gowanbrae was to be developed into a residential area,the Moreland Council asked for suggestions of street names.I was delighted that this wonderful woman was honoured by my suggestion of a street being named after her was adopted.(Hannah Pascoe Drive, Melway 16 C3.)

FAWKNER'S CO-OPERATIVES.
By googling "john pascoe fawkner, land co-operatives",I came up with the following:

Place: Victoria Bank
www.hume.vic.gov.au/files/.../VictoriaBankMelbourneAirport.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
the 1851 John Pascoe Fawkner land co-operative estate on Sections 13A and 13B Parish of. Tullamarine; for its association with the locally prominent Mansfield ...

[PDF]
Heritage story - Organ Pipes N.P. (PDF File 388.6 - Parks Victoria
parkweb.vic.gov.au/__data/.../Heritage-story-Organ-Pipes-N.P..pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
Batman's old rival, John Pascoe Fawkner. It is believed that Fawkner intended to subdivide the land and sell it to members of his Victoria Co-operative Freehold ...

Port Phillip Apostle No 3: John Pascoe Fawkner | The Resident ...
residentjudge.wordpress.com/.../port-phillip-apostle-no-3-john-pasco...
Nov 20, 2008 Now what on earth is John Pascoe Fawkner doing here? .... his plans for a Tradesman's bank and schemes for a co-operative land society.

Oh dear! The report on Victoria Bank contains some excellent research and documentation but unfortunately, the author has confused two different farms. More about that later.

My research in the titles office had given me the impression that little 5 foot 2 tall Johnny had obtained his grants (except for Belle Vue)on behalf of co-operatives consisting of his beloved yoeman farmers (as C.P.Billot put it.)These grants were Box Forest (now Hadfield); Coburg Central (parish of Jika Jika); 22C, Doutta Galla (now the Airport West Shoppingtown site south of Dromana Ave historically occupied mainly by J.B.Howse and Sam Mansfield); Section 7 Tullamarine; section 13 Tullamarine (bisected by Mansfields Rd) and Section 10 Tullamarine on Tullamarine Island (containing Cooper Rd and the part of Organ Pipes National Park east of the river.) I will not go on about the pioneers on these grants as this entry is about a pioneer of Oak Park, not Tullamarine etc.

There were two farms called Victoria Bank in Tullamarine's history and they were both owned by members of the
McNab family,not the Mansfields. The first one consisted of 160 acres of section 8 Tullamarine,with its northern boundary being an eastern extension of Barbiston Rd,the adjoining parts of section 8 being Seafield (John Grant) of 320 acres to the north and Oakbank(McNab) of 160 acres to the south. The MCNab who owned Victoria Bank moved to Lilydale and his son,Angus,returned to Tullamarine* and bought 93 or 95 acres fronting the north side of Barbiston Rd between Barbiston to the south and Aucholzie to the north.
(*Before 1888, exact year probably in the VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS entry for Angus.)

The member of the Mansfield family was talking about "Roseleigh" in Mansfields Rd (which is still standing and on land granted to John Pascoe Fawkner!) The author's confusion was probably caused by the homestead block of the second Victoria Bank (on the north corner of Barbiston and McNabs Rds) being called Rosebank by the Courtney-Shaws, whom I interviewed circa 1989 as well as videotaping the old brick house and beautiful garden. The website shows timber structures and if I remember correctly they fronted Barbiston Rd within the homestead block.


GREEN GABLES.(Melway 16 J9.)
This historic house was across the footbridge from Cook's Cottage (demolished and replaced by Red Rooster.) Green Gables was demolished in about 1989 for the construction of the Ruth Bednell Retirement Village. It was a two-storey weatherboard mansion on two acres. It could have been bought for a thousand pounds during world war 2. The house was used for prisoner rehabilitation after the war. (I believe this information came from Lenore Frost's book about Essendon's historic houses.)

COOK'S COTTAGE.
This cottage was built by John Murray Peck of Lebanon, according to the owner of Lebanon in 1989-90. Sam Merrifield gave its name as Wanganui in his house name index according to Lenore Frost but this was probably a guess at its spelling by a typesetter who had been given the name orally. Many newspaper advertisements for its sale spell the name as Wannaeue, the name of a parish containing McCrae, Rosebud, Tootgarook, the part of Rye east of Government Rd and Boneo north of Limestone Rd.

There is a claim on the Walking Melbourne website that the house was a changing station for Cobb and Co. As Peck moved into Lebanon in 1882 (having previously lived in Mascoma at Ascot Vale,recalled by a street name there), this claim,if true,should not be taken as an indication that the house was built in the 1850's. It was probably built after 1882 and as Cobb and Co was not likely to be providing a service on what had been a sleepy country road for a quarter of a century, the coach service was more likely to be run by a local operator.
(The Walking Melbourne website has some excellent history of the area with photos of the house built by English on the site of Fawkner's Belle Vue homestead, a classified Oak tree nearby- in Oak Park of course! Wentworth House (the La Rose homestead)and so on.
To find these photos and articles, google WALKING MELBOURNE, OLD SYDNEY ROAD.)

I no longer have my Broadmeadows Shire rate transcriptions but I am almost certain that Mrs Alexander McCracken was assessed on the house in 1920.She was John Murray Peck's daughter. Alex died in 1915 and his widow probably leased their country estate, Cumberland, out; the Johnsons of Glendewar moved onto Cumberland shortly afterwards but moved back to Glendewar later,probably because the beautiful homestead (whose cost ruined George Coghill) had burnt down. She may have done the same with the North Park mansion (now the Columban mission on the Essendon side of Woodland St) and moved to the cottage so she could be close to Lebanon and her brother, Harry's "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.

LA ROSE and MORELAND.(THE DOC,THE BRIDGE, LE CATEAU ST,THE ROBERTSONS, TRINIFOUR)
Dr Farquhar McCrae took the hippocratic oath but more than one person thought he was a hippocratic oaf. One was Alphabetical Foster who horsewhipped him because the doctor had dudded him in relation to the transfer of a squatting licence for a Run near Dandenong. (Streets in Dandenong are named after both of them.)His own brother, Andrew, who held the Arthurs Seat Run near Dromana, was struggling financially but Farquhar, who had borrowed money from him, made repeated excuses instead of repayments.

Farquhar was granted land in the parish of Jika Jika, which probably extended one or two hundred metres north and south of Moreland Rd. (I'd have to check the parish map to be sure which.)He named it "Moreland" after an uncle's plantation in Jamaica. However he bought La Rose, (which if I remember correctly had already passed from the grantee to another owner)and got Bulla pioneer Michael Loeman to manage it; Loeman later leased "Moreland"for 14 years. The first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek in Moreland Rd was called the Loeman Bridge.

According to Richard Broome in BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, McCrae built the core of Wentworth House but most of it was built by Coiler Robertson. He probably only spent a few years there before the horse-whipping saw him flee to Sydney.I have a feeling that Coiler Robertson bought the property in about 1845 but he was certainly there by May, 1849, as the electoral list for the County of Bourke (P.4, Argus, 1-5-1849)shows:
Robertson, Coiler,dwelling house,La Rose,Moonee Moonee Ponds.

This is slightly earlier evidence.
Ploughing match.-The farmers on the Moonee Moonee Ponds have formed themselves into a society under the designation of the Moonee Moonee Ponds Farmers' Society, formed on the model of the Farmers' Societies in Scotland, and they have so far matured their arrangements as to have appointed Friday next, the 28th instant, for holding their first ploughing match, which is to come off on Mr Colyer Robertson's farm, La Rose, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus,25-7-1848.)

Coiler also bought land in the parish of Doutta Galla on which still stands a house named Trinifour (on the south side of Park St just west of the railway gates). I don't know if that is the house described below; my memory tells me that Coiler's son, James, built Trinafour in the 1880's. James was the brother of Peter McCracken's wife, Grace, and arriving in the colony as a brewer had probably been responsible for the success of the McCracken Brewery.Coiler had over-extended himself.


THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20. Preliminary Notice.
Essendon.
Sale of Freehold Farm, Comprising 107a. 38p.Together with The Dwelling house and Building Erected Thereon,
In tho Insolvent Estate of Coiler Robertson.
By Order of John Goodman, Esq , Official Assignee.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from John Goodman, Esq., Official Assignee, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises (lately in tho occupation of Coiler Robertson), on Thursday, November 20, at twelve o'clock,
All that piece or parcel of land in tho colony of Victoria, county of Bourke, and parish of Doutta Galla, being part of Allotment B, Section No 6, commencing at the north-west oorner of the said Allotment B, and bounded on tho north by Allotment A, containing 107a and 38p., being a line bearing east 1OO chains 35 links ; on tho east by a road one chain wide, being a line bearing south 36deg. east,11 chains 82 links; on the south by other part of tho said Allotment B, conveyed to Robert M'Cracken and Peter M'Cracken, being a line bearing west 67 chains 17 links ; and on tho west by part of Allotmont No. 4 of Section No. 7, containing 80 acres, being a lino bearlng north 10 chains to the commenclng-polnt ; containing, in fact, 107a. and 38p.
Together with the Dwellinghouse and building thereon.
(P.2, Argus, 17-11-1860.)

NOTES RE THE ADVERTISEMENT.
Robert McCracken was the brother of Peter and father of Alex McCracken, and lived (from the mid 1860's) at Ailsa on the north side of Kent St. This property was the first playing venue for the Essendon Football Club in the 1870's with the McCrackens being heavily involved,the ground probably on the area where streets bear the names of John Filson and his wife. Alex, a 17 year old Scotch College student was its first secretary and was later the foundation President of the V.F.L. from late 1896 to shortly before his death in 1915. Peter farmed on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) 1846-55 and then leased a dairy on Kensington Park (North Melbourne side of Kensington Rd,where William Samuel Cox later ran the Kensington Park Racecourse)until his Ardmillan mansion was built (on the site of 35-39 Ardmillan Rd, I presume, as Nos 35 and 37 do not exist.) Peter,a majority shareholder,with Hugh Glass, of the private Essendon Railway,had to sell Ardmillan shortly before the Government bought the railway and built the North Eastern Railway to Sydney through Strathmore/ Pascoe Vale and Campbellfield in 1872, turning Campbellfield into Broadmeadows and Broadmeadows into Westmeadows. Allotment 4 of section 7 was part of land granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor. His son,James Robertson Jnr built Aberfeldie on what had formerly been called "Spring Hill" and his daughter, Margaret, married Coiler McCracken who built Earlesbrae Hall (now Lowther Hall.You can see how historians mix up these two James Robertsons, both related to the McCrackens through marriage: James, son of Coiler of La Rose and Trinifour (the brewer),and James Jnr of Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie. Andrew Lemon confused another James Robertson (of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield) with the Upper Keilor family!



THE LA ROSE ESTATE. The increase of population and the extension of the City of Melbourne on all sides has necessitated a development of suburban settlement and a consequent occupation of land, which, a few years ago was hardly ever mentioned except perhaps in cases like La Rose when its aspect elicited an expression of admiration from some passing traveller. The estate above-mentioned has been most asiduously advertised by Messrs Munro and Baillieu, the jubileo auctioneers and if the public, do not know the ins and outs of La Rose, together with the almost ridiculously cheap terms at which it is to pass under the hammer, they must be singularly obtuse. We may, however, remind our readers of the vicinity of this charming spot, but the means of access to it have been rendered so easy that we would advise them to take a run out and see for themselves. The estate is situated on gently undulating ground sloping away in the direction of the Moonee Ponds Creek, and commanding an extensive view of Melbourne and its northern suburbs. The handsome villas and snug cottages of Essendon, are seen in close vicinity, on one hand and on the other the environs of Brunswick meet the eye while far away in the distance is the city with its spires and prominent buildings, the whole presenting a panorama which needs to be seen to be fully aprreciated. We. strongly advise our readers to follow the advice of an advertisement in another column and make themselves thoroughly au fait as regards everything connected with LaRose especially the terms which are within the reach of all. A few years ago Moonee Ponds and Essendon had only hourly trains and a scant and scattered population, and now both are two of the most prosperous suburbs round Melbourne and there is every reason to believe that La Rose will follow in their wake, and even eclipse, by reason of its picturesque situation and hygienic advantages the older suburbs as regards prosperity and popularity.(P.3,North Melbourne Advertiser,2-4-1887.)

This advertisement appeared fairly close to the peak of the land boom which came to a crashing halt because of the depression a handful of years later.The next boom was in the 1920's following W.W.1, but it was not until 2-2-1954 that development justified the opening of Pascoe Vale South State School.

This article about North Melbourne and the General Election seems to be having a dig at the La Rose Estate, so extensively advertised in 1887.

The number of ' roses' about was quite a feature. Indeed one would think that a flower show was 'on,' or that a certain estate at Pascoe Vale, which in the days of the alas now defunct boom was advertised extensively, was again in the market...(P.2,North Melbourne Advertiser, 30-3-1889.)

The first auction sale of a suburban subdivision for some years has been announced for August 16, when H. P. Knight and Co and Mr G, T. Collins, Brunswick, will submit a further complete section of La Rose Estate. West Coburg.(P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.) The subdivision, which contains 81 allotments, is close to the Bell st bus service and a few minutes from North Essendon station. (P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.)


Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 10 August 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... the beloved child of Mr. John M'Caffrey, aged 6 months. ROBERTSON.-On the 9th inst., at Trinafour, Essendon, Mrs. Coiler Robertson, in her 90th year.

THE Friends of the late Mrs COILER ROBERTSON are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery The funeral will leave the residence of her son, Mr Jas. Robertson, Trinafour, Moonee Ponds, on Monday, the 12th August, at 2 o clock p.m. (P.8,Argus,12-8-1878.) Had she been living on La Rose?

The McCracken letters mention The Coiler Robertsons being in financial difficulty and leasing out their property. William McCulloch who had made his fortune as a Murray River paddle-steamer operator bought Glenroy Farm of 636 acres (stretching north from Rhodes Pde halfway to Camp Rd )in 1874. He seems to have been living at La Rose. Was it the quality of the house or the view that attracted him? Did he own it or was he leasing from the Robertsons?

It is likely that McCulloch had married a sister or daughter of John vans Agnew Bruce, who (with Cornish) had built much of the railway to Castlemaine in 1858, owned the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey between Bruce Rd and the Martha Cove Waterway and was apparently a son in law of Big Clarke.

McCULLOCH.On the 28th inst., at La Rose, Essendon, Catherine Vans Agnew, youngest daughter of William and Catherine McCulloch, aged 10 months and 11 days. (P.4, Argus,29-4-1873.)

Well,this has me in a real tangle! Do they mean the youngest daughter of the late CoilerRobertson because James was still apparently still alive and living at Trinifour two years later.

LANGTRELROBERTSON.October 28, at the Presbyterian Church, Albert Park, by the Rev. D. S. M'Eachran, assisted by the Rev. M??k, J. S. Langtrel, of Bourke, to Alexandra, youngest daughter of the late James Robertson, of La Rose, Essendon.(N.B. Coiler McCracken had moved to Bourke after losing Earlesbrae Hall. Alexandra mustn't have been very young if her mother was nearly 90!)

The Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1869 when an organisation was formed to stop the Melbourne Hunt Club trampling farmers' crops. Robert McDougall of Aitken's Estate (between today's Aberfeldie and Avondale Heights)took the chair. Reference was made to the case of Dunn v Waldock in which Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" in Tullamarine hd unsuccessfully sued Waldock, Master of the Hunt, for damage to his crops and ewes.
(P.5, Argus,15-6-1869.)

As the Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1969,they must have bought it from creditors or leased it from the new owners. Mr. Alfred Bliss reports the sale of La Rose estate, Moonee Ponds, consisting of 276a. 2r. 37p., for the sum of 6,018 cash ; or at the rate of 21 15s. per acre.(P.4, Argus, 31-10-1860.)

It is likely that La Rose was still an intact whole in 1933.

Reference to the Cooks being on La Rose in 1933 has been deleted because Mrs Cook (nee Bottoms)appears to have been occupying a HOUSE of that name whose address was 2 Fitzgerald Rd, Essendon.

BOOTH VERSUS BATES.
These were two strains of shorthorn cattle. Robert McDougall of Arundel in Tullamarine and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (see Airport West journal)hardly spoke to each other because Robert was a Booth advocate and Henry was a supporter of the Bates Strain. This made things difficult when they bought farms on St Johns (North Strathmore area), Henry the 300 acres near Bulla Rd and Robert the 200 acres near Pascoe Vale Rd. At least Robert had an ally close at hand, William McCulloch of La Rose and Glenroy Farm.


PASCOEVILLE.

THE YOUNG QUEEN INN.
The preferred route to Sydney was past the Young Queen Inn. (murder, 2nd at Coburg etc.)

THE McKENZIE ORAL HISTORY. (From my KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS, Dec.,1990-not a journal.)
Jim McKenzie's parents moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale in 1937 when Jim was about 13. Peggy McKenzie(nee Holmes) was about 5 in 1935 when her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St,five years later shifting to Fawkner St a bit further up the hill.

Most of the boys had horses and many of their rides took them through Cow Dung Flats,the name they gave the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd.

Most boys had a horse by the age of 12 or 13. There were plenty of vacant blocks between the isolated houses to keep them on.Another place the boys rode their horses was Happy Valley,across the creek from Boeing Reserve.

Deliveries of milk were made with horse-drawn carts but road traffic in the 1970's caused a change to motorised transport.

FLEET ELECTRICS, on the corner of Pascoe Vale Rd and Woodland Ave, which manufactured electric ovens there before W.W.2, probably pioneered secondary industry in the area.

After leaving the army in 1947, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life and preferred outdoor work. He found a job at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd that later became the Coburg drive-in.

The area started to build up in the 1950's as a result of Arthur Caldwell's boost to immigration.

Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings each at South Melbourne market and lead them along Spencer St etc to Flemington Bridge from where he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St. Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing them out of the jinker. After being broken in, the horses were sold for two pounds each and with the brisk demand, this was a good earner.

After the war, Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracks at Westbreen, Happy Valley and alongside the narrow Hume Highway* to train them and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel at Maribyrnong. Another training venue was near the dog and cycling tracks.(*Jim would often use slow moving trucks as mobile barriers, following them on the left hand side for some distance before accelerating past them!)

Jim and his mates would often ride through Strathmore in about 1940. Dotted about the area were Mrs Barrett's dairy, Rosebank, and Lebanon, now owned by boxing writer, Jack Oates.Near the eastern end of MascomaSt, Randalls,a real estate firm,was selling house blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds.The Mills lived on the south side of the road and Jim Flood,the policeman,and his wife lived near the future site of the Strathmore North Primary School.Another policeman,Mr James,and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St. One house that Jim didn't mention was "Hiawatha" in which Harry Peck was probably hard at work writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd, Miss Roberts owned all the land from Cook's Cottage* to the garage to the south. Miss Roberts was probably a niece of Louisa Ellen Roberts (B. Bond St, London 6-6-1840, d.at Lebanon 5-7-1928) who married John Murray Peck. (*Albert Cook, Broadmeadows Shire Secretary, moved from the old shire office near the bridge in Westmeadows to this cottage in the late 1920's when the new shire hall was built on the present site on Twomey's "Glen Allan". The cottage was probably J.M.Peck's "Wannaeue". It was bulldozed without a permit and Red Rooster now occupies the site.)

As you've probably realised Jim's history of Pascoe Vale is really a history of Pascoe Vale AND MILES AROUND. The same thing happened to my histories of Tullamarine and Rosebud. Jim and his mates went several times to Sunbury in a covered wagon for a weekend spent rabbiting and fishing for redfin at Rupertswood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy was the most prominent feature at itswestern end in 1940 and still in 1970 when Jim and Peggy moved into Tasman Avenue.

HALF HOUSES were common in the years after the war and like most growing suburbs, Strathmore and Pascoe Vale had their share. Buildersactually needed a permit to obtain materials such as timber. Councils were forced to relax the regulations so that part houses could be started and finished when more materials became available. Concrete roofing was common in this era.

Peachey-Kelly Town was the locals' name for Westbreen despite District Inspector Davies coining the latter name for state school 4158. Some other residents of the area were the Toys, Marshalls, Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residents had other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners didn't mind as it kept grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall near which she lived. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip ans a shilling to get into the dance.

COONAN'S HILL. This area near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Parade was another venue for training trotters. In this area there were market gardens, many run by Chinese.Reynolds Pde and other nearby streets were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES are now rare but, up to 1950, they were very common. Rationing of petrol continued for some time after W.W.2 and many cars had charcoal burners in order to keep them operating. With so many youngsters owning horses they had plenty of customers. Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" in Tullamarine had a corn store on the site of Tullamarine Primary School (which transferred there in 1960) and there was another one in
Middle St, Ascot Vale, near Mt Alexander Rd that sold shell grit for chook houses as well.

FIRST SELF-SERVICE? Harry Shell's self-service on the corner of Bell St and York St was the first shop of this type that Jim remembers.

LANDLUBBERS! When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded almost as superhuman beings. Having come from Port Melbourne, they had developed their swimming skills at the beach and hardly any of the other children could swim.

GOAT FARMS were common and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm was bounded by Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rd and Dawson St.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH. The Napier Park Dog Track was on the High School site and the Board Track was near the overpass. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these venues for some free entertainment.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND. An elderly lady lived in a house on an island in the present High School grounds. My book about the creek could not have had a better title than A TRICKLE OR A TORRENT. While normally a (Moonee Moonee) chain of ponds,levels could rise with alarming speed and the island was flood prone. With the community spirit that existed in any pioneering community, locals were concerned for her safety at such times.

The creek was straightened in the 1960's to allow freeway construction and it is likely that the High School's sinking Library was built on one of the channels that had skirted the island. This extract comes from the Strathmore Secondary College website re architect, Simon Thornton's renovations in the mid 1990's.

There have been major obstacles to Strathmores renovations. One significant problem facing any design is the unstable soil found across much of this site. This resulted in part from the re-aligning of the Moonee Ponds Creek which previously meandered across the site and was covered with fill in the 1960s. In order to reinforce buildings, before any construction could begin, large concrete supports had to be driven into the ground. With Simons buildings these supports have extended anywhere from half a metre to 12 metres below the surface.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE. The footbridge near Cook's Cottage was originally a swing bridge. Now as any parent or teacher will tell you little girls like to change their environment by making it prettier but little boys' attempts to mould the environment are more likely to resemble an episode of the mythbusters. A swing bridge can be made to swing like a pendulum or bounce like a trampoline, neither of which are guaranteed to do the bridge much good. The only torrent in this case came from local policeman,Jim Flood, who,as you know, lived not far away in Mascoma St. Riding a bike across the bridge was also a no no, as was riding bikes at night without lights.

TASMA THEATRE. This theatre, in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youth. Because of its construction materials,it was a real fire trap, especially as smoking was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.

KIRK'S BAZAAR. Located between the old Essendon Hotel (De Marco's,the Grand etc)and Woodlands Park over Bulla Rd from the Keilor Rd junction, Kirk's Bazaar had alare building at the front where second-hand goods of every description were sold and behind this were machinery and animals.Kirks relocated to the north side of Keilor Rd, past Matthews Ave in about 1975. The Kirks had traded in horses from Melbourne's early days.

DOD LANE. In MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952, George Lloyd wrote, in reference to Bulla Rd in Essendon:
A very old identity in those days was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry.

Jim McKenzie recalls Dod being a real character and the youth from far and wide rode over Strathmore's open, grassy hillscape with their destination being Dod's place in Dublin Ave.

My search for mentions of Dodd Lane on trove was fruitless. I had a theory that he might be a member of the family of James Lane of "Gowrie Park" in Tullamarine. Therefore, I gave up looking for Dodd Lane, (Essendon, North Essendon, Dublin St etc) and entered Lane,Gowrie Park. I struck gold!

LANE.-Died of wounds on 24th Septem-ber, somewhere in France. Corporal Arthur Ernest. the dearly loved second youngest son of James and Mary Lane. "Gowrie Park." Tullamarine, and much loved brother of Henry (on active service, Jack, Dod, Albert (on active service), Annie and Cora. (After two years' active service abroad.) He gave his life for King and country. One of Australia's best.
(P.2, Essendon Gazette and Keilor,Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter,1-11-1917.)

If I remember correctly, three sons of James and Mary Lane are recorded on Tullamarine's war memorial (moved from the Conders Lane corner,site of Tullamarine S.S.2613, to the Dalkeith Ave corner by W.V.(Major) Murphy.)

Grants Lane which left Bulla Rd in Melway 5D6 ran west to McNabs Rd. Part of the road from Ellis's Corner has been renamed Melrose Drive. Grants Rd was the boundary between the shires of Keilor, and (to the north) Bulla. Unfortunately the most recent Bulla rate book I was able to transcribe was 1914-15. It is known that James Lane still owned Gowrie Park in 1920. "The Essendon Gazette of 2 January 1920 reported that 'Mr James Lane's well-known farm at Tullamarine has been taken over for the purpose of an aerodrome and will suit splendidly for the purpose.'"(P.153, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

Gowrie Park was section 14 of the parish of Tullamarine, bounded on the south by Grants Rd from Melway 5 B6 to 4 G5 (McNabs Rd),its north corner at the corner of Perimeter and South Glide Rds and the east end of the east-west runway just inside its north east corner. If you look west or north at the airport from the terminal building, you are looking at Gladstone Park, which was owned by the Donovans by W.W.2, when planes were parked there at night in case there was a night raid on Essendon Aerodrome. Bill Ellis bought "Ecclesfield" (at the south corner of Grants and Bulla Rds) in 1943 ,if I remember correctly,and later bought the southern, major, part of James Lane's old farm(also known as Gowrie Park) while the Donovan's retained the northern part, historically known as "Gowrie Side".

Between the south east part of Gowrie Park and Bulla Rd was a triangular 80 acre farm that was called Scone (pronounced with a long o) by pig farmer, Allan Payne. This is now occupied by the airport terminal building and Depot Rd etc.

PUBLIC NOTICES HEALTH ACT 1938.-Application for a Noxious Trade Licence.-I hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Bulla Shire Council at its next meeting, to be held on Tuesday. 8th February. 1949, for permission to ESTABLISH a NOXIOUS TRADE, viz., piggery, on premises known as Payne's, corner Bulla road and Grants lane Tullamarine. Dated 6/1/49. (Signed) ALLAN PAYNE.(P.9, Argus,10-1-1949.)


STRATHMORE SUBURBAN PIONEERS.
Wilma Hood settled at the corner of Peck Ave and Melissa St in 1958. Beth Tempany had lived on the opposite corner since 1952. Wilma told me of a Dutchman who had built a half house just down Peck Ave. Beth (in 1990) was involved in Scouting and told me the sad tale of how "Lebanon" had been dropped from the local pack's name during the conflict in the country with the same name and, to make matters worse, the Cobb and Co. coach was dropped from the badge.(Lebanon was the name of the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A., from which John Murray Peck came to establish Cobb and Co. with Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees.)






Extract from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA(not a journal.)
STRATHMORE (SECTIONS 15, 16, 23.)

This map shows subdivision of 15 by the grantees, crown allotments on 16 and two divisions of section 23 into farms (A.414 ac + Dunns Farm. B. Stevensons + McDougalls).
Anyone wanting these maps etc that can't be pasted here could send me a private message with their email address and I could attach the appropriate pages to an email.
COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY LTD. REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY STREET DIRECTORY EDITION 27 WITH PERMISSION.


SECTION 15.
See Bruce Barbours Strathmore web site at www.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/

This was bounded by Lincoln Rd (Carnarvon Rd), Woodland St and the Moonee Ponds Creek and ran north to the southern tip of Strathmores home ground, Lebanon Park. Granted to E.J.Brewster, it was soon subdivided and sold. The southern 100 acres was bought in 1845 by Thomas Napier, who called it Rose Mount, renaming it Rosebank later. Napier had been a pioneer of Mulgrave in 1839 as a squatter* and in 1851 received the grant for Niddrie (17B). After he died, his son in law, G.P.Barber, built the Rosebank house near the original dwelling; it stands behind St. Vincents school. The 1900 ratebook of Broadmeadows Shire called the remaining 22 acre property Rose Hill. When his son, Theodore was old enough, Thomas gave him 20 acres and Magdala was built near Lincoln Rd. Just before his death, Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council; strangely the park was in the Shire of Broadmeadows! Magdala was destroyed by fire in 1927.
(* The Melbourne Story P.220.)

While reading Wilbur Smiths Cry Wolf, I came across the probable origin of the name of Theodore Napiers property. Nearly 70 years before 1935, the British general Napier had marched on MAGDALA with less than fifty thousand men, meeting and defeating the entire Ethiopian army on the way, storming the mountain fortress and releasing the British prisoners held there Websters New International Dictionary gives the following details for the entry NAPIER OF MAGDALA: Robert Cornelis Napier, first baron, British general, 1810-1890. Magdala, south west of Lake Tana, is situated at roughly 39 degrees west and 11 degrees north.

John Murray Peck, the co-founder and action man of Cobb and Co., who was probably the first Yank to hold an official position in Aussie Rules (V.P.of Ess. F.C.), built Lebanon in 1882 and the Italianate mansion still stands in Wendora St. Lebanon was his native town near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. About a decade later, his son, Harry, built Hiawatha, where he wrote most of his Memoirs of a Stockman; this house still stands at the top of Kilburn St. Others involved in the history of section 15 were William Smith, who ran the Young Queen Inn across the bridge, William Jones, John Kernan, the Kilburns, Samuel Jackson, and William Salmon who had a farm of about 140 acres on the north side of Rosebank and Magdala. A Grammar School planned to move to section 15 in the 1920s; this explains many of the street names such as Head St.


SECTION 15 TITLE INFORMATION.

The map on P.21 of Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History shows the subdivision of section 15 reasonably well, but Andrew Lemon has made several mistakes, one of which is referring to Brewsters grant as being section 5.

His research did not reveal that Brewster bought section 15 in partnership with Philip Holland. Lemon shows a huge area between the land labelled Napier and Holland. This was part of the land conveyed to Holland when they partitioned the unsold portion of the grant. Lemon failed to show Sir John Franklins purchase of the northernmost 12 acres (adjoining section 23, which Franklin also owned).

NAPIER.(MAP.)
*This envisaged government road was probably Pascoe Vale Rd, which was a track through paddocks to Sydney at that time; travellers made a beeline to the Young Queen Inn just north of the creek (near Bass St) and then passed through Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) This map calls Pascoe Vale Rd Road to the Young Queen Pascoevale.

Thomas Napier was first to buy land from Brewster, paying 320 pounds for his 100 acres on 30-12-1845. It had a frontage of 105 chains to the future Woodland St and 10 chains to the future Carnarvon Rd. Its northern boundary, running east to the Moonee Moonee Ponds, is precisely indicated by Glenbervie and Upland Rds. Two roads were reserved out of this land, with Brewster and his successors given right of passage over them. I thought the first, running north from a point 35 chains east of the s/w corner of section 15 would be Napier St, but this street is actually 42 chains east, so the road would have run through Napier Park. The second was to run along the north boundary of Napiers purchase from the first road to the creek with Brewsters right of passage to be terminated if a government road* was opened along the western extremity of the second road within 6 or 8 chains (C 933).

HOLLAND.
On 19-2-1846, Brewster conveyed 236 acres 8 perches to his co- grantee, Philip Holland, who had received half of the proceeds from land previously sold as well as this land, conveyed for 10/-, as an act of Partition. With a western boundary of 2835 links, Hollands land adjoined Napiers and went north to the York/Lloyd St midline (D 20).

SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklins land went 295 links south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).

WILLIAM SMITH.
The E.J.Brewster 1st and 2nd series do not refer to a memorial concerning the land extending the next 8 chains (roughly) south to Peck Ave. If Andrew Lemon was right, it was purchased by William Smith.

(Luckily Doutta Galla microfiche 85 gave the title application number 13 676. The Sketch of Title under this number contained the following information. The blocks western boundary started 295 links south from the north west corner of section 15 (see frontage of Sir John Franklins purchase) and went another 709 1/4 links further south. Its northern and southern boundaries went east 41 chains and 5425 links respectively to the Moonee Moonee Ponds. On 4-2-1848, the same day that McCord, Jackson, Dunn and Callaghan bought their blocks to the south, Brewster sold this block to William Smith, a farmer of Glenroy.

The memorial recording this conveyance (G 460) was not listed in the Brewer index so luckily it appeared in this document. It revealed that William Smith paid L114/0/6. William Smith finally sold it to William Henry Fletcher, yoeman of Yan Yean, on 1-2-1872. The memorial listed for this conveyance (217 310) was consulted. The description of the land was perfectly copied from G 460, which failed to specify the blocks area. Fletcher paid 940 pounds, 8.25 times the price Smith had paid 24 years earlier.)


McCORD, JACKSON, DUNN, CALLAGHAN.
These men bought the land between William Smiths purchase and the area partitioned to Philip Holland.
They bought their land on the same day as Smith (4-2-1848) and luckily, their purchases were recorded in the E.J.Brewster index.

James McCords 35 acres went 658 links south to a line indicated by the end of Roslyn St and cost him L110/5/- (F 81).

Samuel Jacksons 22 acres 3 roods 9 perches went south from there 383 links to the e-w part of Loch Cres.and cost L71/15/- (F 80).

Thomas Dunns 62 acres and perch (2.5 m x 2.5 m) went south 1041 links to the northern boundary of Johnston Reserve and cost him L195/6/- (F 242).

Henry Callaghan bought 67 acres 2 roods and 37 perches extending south to the York/Lloyd St midline, where it adjoined the land partitioned to Holland, for L237/1/- (F 167).


Further information about the ownership of these blocks and some of the pioneers. Sketch of title 16466 reveals that Brewster subdivided his post-partition land into four blocks, each having a western boundary of 1041 links. However lot 4 was sold in two parts (Franklin and Smith) as was lot 3 (McCord and Jackson.) Franklin and Smiths blocks had a combined western boundary of only 1004 links, which necessitated a special survey in sketch of title 16466.


FRANKLINS 12 ACRES. This obviously became, with William Smiths purchase, part of John Murray Pecks Lebanon. The total of the two, which comprised lot 4 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision, was about the 34 acres that Lebanons owners were assessed on over the years. Neither the 1st nor 2nd series index for Sir John Franklin mentions any sale of his 12 acres. I checked the index for Archibald McLachlan and Frederick Armand Powlett, who acted as his agents at various times. I checked the index for Dame Jane Franklin. There was no mention of this part of section 15, Doutta Galla! In desperation, I returned to the ground floor and consulted Doutta Galla microfiche 85 again.

There I saw 46645s and was partly rewarded when I raced up to the 6th floor to try application 46645. The search certificate referred to Sir Johns purchase of the northern 295 links of section 15 but there was no sketch of title. The search certificate referred to the land being fenced in 1882. This was probably done by John Murray Peck, who had bought William Smiths original purchase and established Lebanon. I think Peck noticed that nobody used the land between his 22? acres and section 23, so he just started using it as if he owned it. Broadmeadows Shire was receiving rates on his whole 34 acres so there would have been no question of his right to use Franklins land. Indeed, in 1879-80, Hugh Peck may have been occupying Franklin and Smiths purchases when he was assessed on 34 acres; names were listed alphabetically and Pecks name appears where the name of W.H.Fletcher would be expected to be. J.M. Peck died on 19-11-1903 and he does not seem to have been listed in Broadmeadows 1899-1900 rate book. It was probably at this time that the Pecks realised that their lack of title to the 12 acre block would be discovered. Did they just abandon it?

In 1879, John Morgan English, had bought Belle Vue ( renamed Oak Park and separated from Franklins land only by the creek and Lebanon Reserve) after the death of Fawkners widow, Eliza, and converted Fawkners single storey weatherboard house into the double storey mansion still standing at the top of Oak Park Court. He leased out the farm to his relatives, the Morgans and Mrs Morgans mother, Mary Knight but was still involved in the area, purchasing the 200 acre eastern part of section 23, which adjoined Franklins 12 acres. He seems to have done the same as I suspect Peck did earlier and, in 1902, just squatted on the land and paid the rates. In 1926, J.M.English applied for the title to Franklins land.. (Application 46645, Broadmeadows Rates.)

In 1920-1, Louisa Ellen, the widow of J.M.Peck had 38 acres, which probably consisted of lot 4 (Franklin and Smiths purchases from Brewster) plus about 4 acres of subdivision lots in the Byron Vale Estate or another estate nearby.

Why didnt Franklin sell the 12 acres when the section 23 land was sold? My guess is that he and his heirs (and the titles office) forgot that this land was on a separate title to the St Johns Estate. If hed left his land to his wife, Dame Jane Franklin, she might have been aware that the 12 acres existed. However he seems to have punished Jane for not bearing him a son. He left her only her clothes and gave the rest of his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This daughter had probably never been to Australia.

The confusion seems to have set in when a man named Dunn leased a 123 acre farm from Sir John. He was followed by Elizabeth Guest prior to 1862 but the 123 acre farm was still called Dunns Farm. As explained in bold type under section 23, Dunns Farm must have included the 12 acres (adjoining section 23) at the northern end of section 15. This lessee could have been Thomas Dunn of section 15 or Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint in Tullamarine.

When the 123 acre Dunns Farm was leased to Henry Mawbey for 5 years on 17-2-1862, it was wrongly described as being entirely in section 23. Significantly no boundaries of the farm were described in the memorial! (121 455).

I had intended to include a copy of Sketch of Title 46645 but the clerks scribble is so illegible that readers would not be able to make head or tail of it. Heres what it says.

46645. John M.English.

Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.

1080 pounds.

Claim by possession.

L.R.O. Sir John Franklin

(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.

John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application

(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)

(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of 200 acres Doutta Galla owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kellys former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.

His application states (inter alia)

That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed

That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923

He occupies under Co lease-

That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:

All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.

Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.

19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck

456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A

(Of course the future author of Memoirs of a Stockman should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)

He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.


WILLIAM SMITHS PURCHASE. (Lebanon).
Andrew Lemon states that, in 1874, William Jones bought William Smiths properties, about 21 acres on the north of the creek and a similar area on the south. (P.75.) The 1879-80 Broadmeadows rate book lists William Jones as the owner and occupier of 20 acres at Pascoe Vale, but as this was in the Campbellfield riding it would have been north of the bridge. This was probably the land he bought from Mr Heron in about 1865, and on which he was harvesting 2 tons of hay per acre in 1888 (Victoria & Its Metropolis P.704). The rate collector made no mention of Jones having about 20 acres south of the creek, unless my transcription was faulty.

The owners of Smiths purchase.
William Smith (not the man associated with Flemington and Moonee Ponds, P.697 Vic. & Its Metrop.) bought the Young Queen Inn from John Watson in December 1842. The inn, being on the most popular of the three routes to Sydney until the Broadmeadows Township bridge was built in 1854(Lemon P.17.) This was on lot 3 of Pascoeville, consisting of 1 acre 2 roods and 5 perches, on the s/w side of the government (Pascoe Vale) road. Lot 4 was s/e of it, probably fronting the creek and lot 2 was n/w of it. The south west boundary was a lane leading from Sparke St to the Moonee Moonee Ponds (Sydney 1523). This memorial, detailing the sale of lot 3 by the hotels builder, Edward Butler, to Watson on 29 and 31 May 1841, unfortunately gives no measurements but I think Sparke St would have been near Marks St if all blocks were about 1 acres. Fate might have decreed that Smith would never purchase his block from Brewster in 1848. He was charged with the manslaughter of his servant, Joseph Plant, in 1847 but he was acquitted. (Between Two Creeks Richard Broome.)

William Henry Fletcher.
It is unknown whether this was the same man after whom Fletcher St in Essendon was named. The latter was granted land including the Target store at Highpoint (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility), 260 acres between Maribyrnong-Ormond Rd and a line indicated by Gladstone St- stretching from Scotia St to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and south of this the 320 acre triangle bounded by Epsom and Ascot Vale Rds. Surely he would describe himself as a gentleman rather than a yoeman.

John Murray Peck.
Arriving in 1854, at the age of 21, with three other young Yanks (Freeman Cobb etc.), Peck was the action man who could drive huge teams of horses on the Cobb & Co line that soon opened to Castlemaine. His powerful voice and commanding presence later established him as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle. Before moving to section 15, Peck lived at Mascoma in Ascot Vale. (See volume 2.) His family pioneered the area in New Hampshire, U.S.A. near the Mascoma River where the town of Lebanon sprang up. Peck, his London-born wife and their son, Harry Huntinton Peck were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery.

In the Essendon Conservation Study (Call No. 720.288099 BUT), Graeme Butler confirms some of the title information I have supplied, apart from calling William Smith John. In his entry for Lebanon, Butler states that Smith lost the property surrounding the house to William Fletcher via a series of mortgages in 1872. Fletcher converted the title to Torrens in 1881 and J,M.Peck bought 40 acres soon afterwards*.

John Murray Peck built Lebanon (still standing in Wendora St ) in about 1882.

*As Lebanon consisted of 34 acres, it must have included Sir John Franklins 12 acres between Smiths land and section 23. The Broadmeadows rate book did not state that Peck was leasing the 12 acres so I can only assume that the co-founder of Cobb and Co had just squatted on it and paid the rates, as J.M.English did from 1902. (See details under Franklins 12 Acres.)


This land includes the Red Rooster site, where stood the illegally demolished Cooks Homestead. This name was bestowed on the house by Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930s, such as the late Jim McKenzie and his future wife Peggy, because it was owned by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary Albert Cook. (See Kilts and Cow Dung Flats.) Its name was actually Wanganui, and it was said to have been built by J.M.Peck of Lebanon. (Sam Merrifields House Names Index P.37.) Peggy McKenzie told me that a Miss Roberts owned the Wanganui land (south to the garage site); she was probably related to J.M.Peck, whose wife, born in Bond St, London on 6-6-1840, was Louisa Ellen Roberts. (Gravestone, Will Will Rook cemetery.)

McCORDS 35 ACRES.
McCord mortgaged this to Thomas Clark for 70 pounds on 1-5-1849 (G 437), and to Charles Payne for 100 pounds on 28-6-1850 (1 997). On 20-4-1853, a memorial entitled releases to uses recorded that Thomas Dunn paid McCord L5450 (X 221). This obviously gave ownership to Dunn, who mortgaged the 35 acres to McCord for 2000 pounds on 17-4-1853, three days before the releases to uses was memorialised (Y922).

On 15-5-1854, the 2000 pounds having been repaid, the 35 acre lot was reconveyed to Thomas Dunn

(12 17). Dunn now owned his original purchase of 62 1/640 acres plus McCords 35 acres and five days later, on 20-5 1854, he mortgaged both to Thomas Clark for 2200 pounds (12 20).

Dunn lost both properties to Clark, who sold the part of McCords portion of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson on 18-3-1857. A quarter of a century later, on 8-9-1882. William Lynch signed a contract with Jacksons agent to buy 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches for 1500 pounds. As McCord and Jacksons original purchases total 57 acres 3 roods and 9 1/4 perches, Lynch probably bought only the part of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd. (Sketch of title 16466).

On 4-6-1856, Thomas Clark conveyed that part of McCords original purchase east of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson. John Kernan, who started leasing Merai Farm (between Gaffney St and Devon Rd) from H.G.Ashurst during that year, had obviously contracted earlier to buy from Clark. Kernan directed, as an intermediate buyer, that the land be conveyed to Jackson. This land had a frontage of 625 links to the private road* and the average of the north and south boundaries was 550 links. This equates to 3.4 acres so it is probably the 3 acres 1 rood and 5 perches that Samuel Jacksons agent contracted to sell to Elizabeth Cochran (sic) for 600 pounds. This agreement was dated 23-5-1882. The land is recorded only as being in Doutta Galla and the unfortunate clerk compiling the sketch of title wrote, Where is this?

Elizabeth Cochrane (the spelling used on the search certificate) had become the wife of Edward Egbert Welby by the time she applied for the title, which was issued on 2-5-1884. (Application 16359.) She was probably the widow of John Cochrane, who had leased Glenroy Farm (between Rhodes Pde and Hilton St) from the Kennedys from 1853 until 1874, when it was sold to William McCulloch.
(The Stopover That Stayed G.Aldous, Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History A.Lemon.)


In the Essendon Conservation Study, Graeme Butler states that this land was subdivided as the Byron Vale Estate, declared by A.W.Craven in 1886. Because of the 1890s depression, this subdivision fizzled, like so many others.

In 1920-1, Harry Peck of Hiawatha (top of Kilburn St) owned 5 acres on which his house stood (probably the whole south side of Kilburn St), 20 acres adjoining Lebanon (Jacksons purchase from Brewer?) and, with his brother Richard, 18 acres at the Carnarvon Rd end of this estate. As George Gibson had 5 acres and Ralph Lind a house and land (possibly 5 or 7 acres), the 20 acres had to be Jacksons purchase.
(* The private road was Pascoe Vale Rd, which despite being the main route to Sydney in early days and retaining the name of Old Sydney Rd for many decades, had never been declared a government road. It looks as if Brewsters expectations of 1845 were never realised. See Napiers purchase details.)


JACKSONS 22 13/16 ACRES.
In Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History, Andrew Lemon states that William Lynch paid Samuel Jackson L1500 for 51 acres close to Pascoe Vale station on the Strathmore side, in 1882. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that Joseph Nixon had just replaced Samuel Jackson as the occupant of 40 acres in Doutta Galla and Jackson himself was assessed on houses and 15 acres in Doutta Galla.

The entry for Mrs Ellen Jackson on P.704 of Victoria and Its Metropolis shows that in 1888 Sams widow was living on 18 acres at Essendon. A gardener, Sam followed this trade for a while after his arrival before taking to farming on 52 acres of purchased land. The 52 acres (actually 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches) seems to have been that part of McCord and Jacksons original purchases west of Pascoe Vale Rd. The details of Samuel Jacksons acquisition of the northern 658 links of lot 3 and his conveyances to Lynch and Mrs Cochrane in 1882 are given under the previous heading.


DUNNS 62 ACRES AND PERCH (2 M X 2 M).
Apparently from 20-4-1853, Dunn also owned McCords 35 acres and the last mention in the 1st series index was of Dunn mortgaging both to Thomas Clark as mentioned above. This land was lot 2 of Brewsters post partition subdivision and was to pass into the hands of Clark, Michael Brown (11-3-1856) and John Kent Pow (22-7- 1863). Pow mortgaged it to his northern neighbour, Samuel Jackson on 22-2-1865 and it was reconveyed to him on 24-7-1868. On 8-10-1870, Pow sold it to Douglas Thomas Kilburn of Essendon for 1200 pounds. Kilburn, the grantee of much of Hugh Glasss Flemington Estate and the 163 acres across Keilor Rd from Springfield had recently bought 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and named it Fairfield. D.T.Kilburn died on 10-3-1871. His will of 19-11-1870 appointed his wife, Anna Maria, and Edmund Augustus Cartwright as executors. The title was issued to Anna Maria Kilburn on 4-4-1887. (Application 21915.) Andrew Lemon gives the impression (P.77) that Buzzards sold lot 2 in 1886, but surely the title would have to be issued first! Despite this discrepancy, Lemon gives a good description of the property, which consisted of 56 acres west of Pascoe Vale Rd and 6 acres on the creek side of the road. The sand was probably being extracted from the creek by Michael Fox, who continued to do so for many decades (as described in George Lloyds Mickleham Rd: 1920-52), despite his acquisition of 18 C and D, Doutta Galla and Barbiston at Tullamarine.

Like Byron Vale, this subdivision fizzled. In 1920-1, subdivision was being tried again, obviously by Mrs Emily Lind and Ralph Lind. The Pascoe Vale Estate had frontages to Lind St, Vernon St, Hood St (demolished for the freeway C 1967) and Lincoln St (Carnarvon Rd).

CALLAGHANS 67 (ALMOST) ACRES.
Callaghans land was lot 1 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision. All four lots had 1041 link western boundaries, the difference in their areas being caused by the course of the Moonee Ponds.

The 1st series index for Callaghan mentions two memorials which I presume are mortgages.

4 388. Thomas Napier paid 1000 pounds to Callaghan on 28-11-1853.

69 901. Mary McLachlin paid 700 pounds to Callaghan on 9-10-1858.

Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 shows that Patrick Callaghan was owner and occupier of a house and land (nett annual value L22) and was leasing a basic house to Bridget Murphy. Lawrence McLachlan (Marys son?) was leasing a farm (N.A.V. L46) from John Kernan.

The 1920-1 ratebook reveals that the Callaghan family was still involved in the area. Mrs M and Frank Callaghan were named in connection with the Sunrise Estate (between the Essendon Hill and Terminus estates).

Sketch of Title 370 reveals that the property was also mortgaged to Thomas Napier (4 388, reconveyed 50 845). The mortgage to Mary McLachlan was transferred to John Badcock and John Guthrie (111 275), with the property then being reconveyed to Patrick Callaghan on 11-7-1863 (137 387). Three days later Patrick Callaghan conveyed the land to John Kernan (130 388)*. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that James G.Brisbane was leasing 320 acres in Doutta Galla from John Kernan. Andrew Lemons map shows that Callaghan and Hollands purchases were later owned by John Kernan; their total area is 303 acres so only 16 acres of this leased land need to be accounted for.

(* On 9-4-1864 John Kernan bought 6 acres 3 roods 3 perches in Doutta Galla and part of section 142 Jika Jika from the Callaghans (138 94). Patrick Callaghan was Henrys son and heir. The Jika Jika land was part of the Bolingbroke Estate across the creek from the Callaghan/ Holland purchases. This explains why Kernan St and Kernan Ave are only 840 metres from each other.)

PHILLIP HOLLANDS 236.05 ACRES.
On 11-8-1846, Holland leased this land to R.MacNamara and Duncan Cameron for 100 pounds paid before sealing and a rent of 70 pounds p.a. (D 376).

On 5-4-1852 Holland sold the land to James William Dunbar for 608 pounds. As Mary MacNamara and Duncan Cameron were named as the parties of the second part, I presume they were still leasing the land(P 635).

The MacNamara name was associated with the area for a long time and a street name in Airport West recalls this. The Camerons were early lessees on Glenroy (sections 6 and 1 Will Will Rook, 2313 acres), which they were said to have named. The Dunbar name was associated with the Moonee Ponds (Deans) and Flemington Hotels.

Edward James Kernans application for title (21650) indicates that I may have misread Dunbars purchase. The lease of 11-8-1846 had included the option for Robert McNamara and Duncan Cameron to purchase the 236 and a bit acres. On 11-12-1852, this option was exercised despite Robert McNamara having died. The land was partitioned with the McNamaras taking the northern 1285 links and the Camerons the southern 1550 links. The boundary between the two is the Kernan St/ Henshall Rd midline and explains the bends in Bournian and Collegian Avenues. The McNamara land was conveyed by Robert McNamaras widow, Mary, to her sons Matthew and Joseph on 27-4-1853. Mary McNamara was about to marry John Kernan. The McNamara land , north to the York/ Lloyd St midline (which explains the other bends in those two streets) was lost to the Bank of New South Wales, which sold it to John Kernan on 3-9-1875.

The Cameron land, south to Glenbervie/Upland Rd, passed into the hands of Thomas Knight Bennett, who sold it to John Kernan on 20-9-1873 for 2634 pounds. Kernan mortgaged it to Josh Henry Kay who died. John Kernan also died, on 6-1-1877. He left no will but on 29-3-1877, probate was granted to his widow Mary and John Kernan (junior). On 22-6-1877, Kays executors reconveyed the land to John Kernans executors. The land was mortgaged to John Kernans great mate, Michael Loeman of Bulla, on 17-2-1880 and despite the mortgage apparently not being paid off, Loeman agreed to Edward James Kernans application to apply the certificate (of title) to himself.

Three interesting details found in sketch of title 21650 are:

(a)Edward James, Mary Jane, Mary and John Jun. were the only Next of Kin of John Kernan.

(b)Pascoe Vale Rd was called Road to the Young Queen, Pascoevale.

(c)This could be a mistake but Bulla Rd might have originally branched off Napier St and is shown meeting the future Mawbey Rd / Lincoln St/ Carnarvon Rd near Alf Pearce Park. It was called Road from the Springs to Melbourne. This could be correct as even in Tullamarine the Old Mt Macedon Rd did not follow the present course of Melrose Drive; in 1844 it was west of Barrie Rd on section 21, Doutta Galla, where William and John Foster established The Springs.

This is the map shown on sketch of title 21650.

NAPIERS 100 ACRES. (Without repeating too much of information already on Bruces web site.)
Thomas Napier called his farm Rose Mount in 1847 but the mount or Napiers perception of its height shrank so that the name was adapted to Rosebank. Thomas gave the western end of the farm to his son, Theodore, who named this portion Magdala. At the time of Thomass death in 1881, Magdala consisted of 20 acres (east only to a point opposite Salmon Ave) and did not include Napier Park, which he donated on 20-8-1920. In 1900, Magdala was still only 20 acres and was being leased by John Scott. In 1920-1, obviously after the donation had been deducted, Magdala consisted of 33 acres extending east to Noble Ave, and was occupied by Theodore. Before the donation, Magdala would have comprised 43 acres.

Thomas Napiers widow remained in the stone and brick house (apparently just west of the later mansion) on 23 acres until the property passed to her daughter Eleanor in about 1891. During the next two years Eleanores husband, George Page Barber, built the house at the n/w corner of St Vincents. The 1899-1900 rate book of Broadmeadows Shire assessed the nett annual value of the house at 200 pounds, ten or 20 times as much as most houses. Eleanore Barbers Rosehill, 22 acres surrounding the house, had a N.A.V. of only 50 pounds; it would be far more valuable than the well-kept mansion today.

Barber died on 26-3-1914 and Eleanore two days later. Their son, Dr Norman Charles Barber subdivided the property as the Rosebank estate.
(Essendon Conservation Study, 1847 directory, rates, Annals of Essendon R.W.Chalmers.)

In 1879-80, Thomas Napier was listed as the occupier of 80 acres. Ten acres of this, immediately across the Moonee Ponds Creek from La Rose, seems to have been traditionally leased by the occupants of that 270 acre farm. On 13-10-1873, Thomas Napier agreed to lease this land to William McCulloch from 1-8-1873 for three years at a rent of 10 pounds p.a. The land had been previously occupied by James Robertson, owner of La Rose, who had leased his farm to McCulloch. It is unlikely that McCulloch of riverboat fame saw out the lease as he bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedys widow in the next year or so.(Search 8066E, McCracken letters). Because the part of Rosebank between the railway and creek is split among four Melway maps it is difficult to calculate its area. However, using the south and north boundaries of 10 and 29 chains (obtained by deduction from dimensions in memorials), I have reckoned it as 4.5 + 10 + 4.5 acres.

In 1920-1, Mrs A.Walker was leasing 20 acres, on the creek and on the north side of Woodlands St, from Willy, close enough to my calculated 19 acres. Apart from the Rosebank estate, also listed in Woodland St were: Harry Hudson, house and land and Michael J.White 22 acres* and a house and 15/2? acres. Magdala was 33 acres, the park 10 acres, Mrs Walker had 20 acres, White had 22 acres and the last confused entry should be 15 acres; these add up exactly to the 100 acres purchased from Brewer 75 years earlier.
(* The same land Eleanore Barber had in 1900.White was either leasing the land or an agent for Barber.)

SECTION 16.
The first map, part of the 1860 Geological Survey, shows different allotment boundaries to those existing when section 16 was alienated in 1862 (n/e of Bulla Rd)and 1865.

This was the old Town Common. It was surrounded by Treadwell Rd, the latitude of English St (Mawbeys Lane), Mawbey Rd ( later called Lincoln Rd or St, now Carnarvon Rd) and Keilor Rd. Mawbey Rd, shown on the eastern boundary of section 15 in sketch of title 16466 of about 1882 and still known by that name in 1942 according to Harry Peck, ran along the eastern boundary to St Johns where John Mawby was leasing land from Lady Franklin in 1863. Search Certificate 11578 of 1890 shows that Mawbeys Lane ran between section 16 and section 23 to the north. (See section 23.)

These maps, from the sources specified above, show Mawbeys Rd and Mawbeys Lane.

The portion of section 16 east of Bulla Rd., in the Broadmeadows Road District, was sold in 1862 with W.Williams buying 8 of the 13 blocks of roughly 20 acres. His land occupied most of the area (between the N-S runway and Carnarvon-Arvon Rds) north of the freeway and south of the latitude of English St, which is the northern boundary of section 16.

SUMMERHILL.
Lot 13 (of 14 acres) bounded by Bulla Rd., Woodland St. and the eastern section boundary, Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.), went north far enough to include the Cranwell Ave. houseblocks. In 1863, Townsend Somerville, was leasing it from the grantee, R.Chance, and in 1879-80, Sommerville was rated on land with the same value as Theodore Napiers nearby 20 acre Magdala. House Names of Essendon calls Berrena, the home in 1882 of Essendons Clerk of Courts and Electoral Registrar but this might have been the name of a building in which his office was located. Commenting on Somervilles death, the Essendon Gazette of 10-9-1891 stated that hed lived on his Essendon property Summerhill for 40 years. Why was his name so seldom listed in directories for Essendon and never for Moonee Ponds (except as follows) and Ascot Vale? It is known that he spent the last two years of his life at present No. 26 Ardmillan Rd., Moonee Ponds, probably to be near a doctor. The 1888 directory for Essendon has him listed under Deep Creek Road as follows:

Mt.Alexander Rd. John Bruce (west side), Keating brick yard, Lincoln Rd., W.T.Kendall vet. Surgeon, Robert Spivey, Townsend Somerville.

There is fair evidence that lot 13 was Summerhill. It is likely that, in 1920-1, the house and 14 acre property was owned by Edward Wood. He was possibly a son of Mary Wood who had owned the nearby Essendon Hotel* for over half a century when she died on 26-4-1906. (* the Grand presently, formerly De Marcos.) For Somerville to have lived on lot 13 since 1851, he would have had to have leased the land from a squatter such as John Foster before the town common was declared and then been allowed to continue his occupancy by Chance from 22-7-1862. Certainly this location was handy to Keilor where he, as Clerk, and Charles Shuter, as Police Magistrate, conducted the Court of Petty Sessions every Tuesday in 1868. The courthouse later became the Shire Hall.


Incidentally the bends in the streets either side of Bulla Rd. (at Kerferd St. to the west and in the middle of Dublin Ave. etc.) were caused by a diamond shape in the subdivision plan, the northern half of it covered now by the airport.


Broadmeadows Road Board/Shire extended south to Woodland St on the eastern side of Bulla Rd (until 1979). By 1863, it seems that the Franklins had bought land in section 16. As Young and Morby (sic) were wholly occupying section 23, the farm (N.A.V. 90 pounds) that James Smith was leasing from Lady Franklin had to be in section 16. Williams still had land (N.A.V. 72 pounds and leased to Alex. Kearney), J.T.Smith had the 19 acres between the walking track and Carnarvon Rd, and Sommerville was leasing quite some house (N.A.V. 27 pounds) on the 14 acres (now bisected by Wood St) owned by R.Chance.

In 1880, Thomas Kelly had land (N.A.V. 134 pounds) in the Essendon Division. This was not the eastern part of section 23 because Robert McDougall was occupying that 200 acres (which Kelly had leased from 1871 and bought in 1875) so it had to be on section 16. Sommerville had bought Chances grant, which now had a N.A.V. of 50 pounds.

By 1900, Henry Carr had bought 44 acres on Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd. Michael Fox, a contractor of Keilor, had a small block on Essendon Hill, where he probably kept the horses and drays used to carry the sand he obtained from the Moonee Ponds Creek. Martin Delaney, also a contractor, was leasing 20 acres (lot 10, i.e.Alf Pearce Park) from J.Lyons. Jane Anderson and dairyman, Alfred Smith, also had small blocks. The rate collector only seems to account for about 70 of the 230 or so acres in the Broadmeadows portion of section 16.

The 1920 rates show that John S.Kelly (of Blair & Sons, Melb.) had 199 acres, Edward Wood the 14 acres bisected by Wood St and Thomas Lyons the 20 acres including A.Pearce Park. This rate collector, with the aid of geographical instead of alphabetical listings, was able to account for all of section 16 within the shire.

The confusion in 1900 might have been caused by subdivision. First Avenue, on lots 10 and 9 (both granted to Williams), was declared a Public Highway on 27-5-1887. Second Ave, obliterated by the freeway, was obviously part of the same subdivision. Due to the 1890s depression, the subdivision probably failed and much of the land would have been vacant.

The western part of section 16, under Keilor road board/ shire from 1863, seems to have been subdivided twice. The 1860 survey map (see start of section 16) shows it divided into lots 1-9 and 20 south of a road leaving Bulla Rd opposite Woodland St and running (parallel to Keilor Rd) almost to Treadwell Rd. It met another road running from the Keilor/ Treadwell Rd corner to the corner of English and Bulla (Wirraway) Rds, which separated lot 23 (adjoining 17B or Niddrie) and lot 22 which contained road metal quarries. Lot 25 takes in the area of Royal Ave and lot 24 the Orange Grove area. I presume lots 10-19 etc were to be on the east (Broad-meadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd. The Keilor Shire part of section 16 may have been sold three years later than the eastern half because the quarries on lot 22 were still required. (Perhaps until the quarry on William Dewars Glendewar at Tullamarine could supply enough Dewars metal to use on Bulla Rd. as the Keilor Roads Board had requested on 24-8-1867.)

Again in blocks of about 20 acres, continuing the diamond inside a quadrilateral pattern, and with Treadwell (Nomad) Rd. as its western boundary, the Keilor portion was sold to five men in 1865*. South of the freeway course, fiery and recently deposed Essendon councillor, B.J.Cooke bought the blocks fronting Keilor Rd. to about Birdwood Ave. and Dr. J.Harbinson, from Northern Ireland bought all the blocks on the northern side of Kerferd St and fronting Bulla Rd. Much of Cookes land became the Devonshire estate where streets were named after Premiers. The next few streets west were probably named just after the Prince of Wales visit in 1920. Officers of his ship, the Renown, planted pine trees along the river near Aberfeldie Park. Field Marshall Birdwood commanded Australian troops early in W.W.1. The land between Bulla Rd and Kerferd Rd was sold as the Royal Gardens Estate.

The land north of the freeway was bought by D.Mairs (see journals re Blackwood and Bittern) , T.G.Anderson, and Samuel Mansfield from Tullamarine. Mansfield farmed there for many decades. Sam had blocks between Birdwood Ave. and Treadwell Rd. as well, with the farmhouse near the s.w. corner of the airport. Mairs received the grants for about 73 acres between the intersection of the two runways and (almost) Vaughan St. By 1900, Walter Aitken was leasing (possibly from John English) a total of 113 acres. This land consisted of lots 29 and 32 (north of where eastbound Calder Freeway traffic tries to merge, granted to Anderson) and 31, 33-36 (Mairs grant). C.Aitken had been farming the same 113 acres in 1893.

The western 17 chains or 340 metres of the airport are part of Niddrie. (See 17B.)

SECTION 23.
This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St.John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres and in 1863 leased three farms to men such as John Morby*. Later Henry Stevenson of Niddrie bought 300 acres called St. Johns and Robert McDougall of Arundel had 200 acres to the east. John Hall was supposed to have owned part of section 23 north of an easterly extension of Moore St as part of South Wait according to a parish map but this could not be possible. Early this century, when Gordon Connor was being taken from Moonee Ponds to his Grandma Nashs Tullamarine farm every Christmas, Cam Taylors St. Johns was always green in summer because of Essendons nightsoil being dumped there. Jack Howse had South Wait, between Bulla Rd and the n/w part of section 23, on which he had a slaughteryard. On 3-8-1921, John George Taylor, probably Cams father, sold 91 acres of St. Johns to the Commonwealth Government. A 15 acre lot on section 16 was also purchased to enable sufficient length for the runway and eight days later St. Johns Field opened. On 7-8-1923, it was given the official title of Essendon Aerodrome. Cameron and J.G.Taylor might have been related to G.W.Taylor, who bought many properties in the late 1880s north of section 23, in the hope that a railway to Bulla would follow Bulla Rd; in case it hugged the west bank of the Saltwater River, he also bought section 18 land.

(* This spelling was used in Broadmeadows 1863 ratebook. Harry Peck spells it Mawby. The 1866 and 1871 Kensington directories, and title documents, spell the name Mawbey. Mawbey or Mawbeys Rd was an early name for Carnarvon Rd and was still being used in 1940 according to Harry Peck. Mawbeys Rd is shown on sketch of title 16466 of about 1882.) Mawbeys Lane separated sections 16 and 23.

TITLE INFORMATION.
Section 23 is east of Vickers Ave and north of English St with its s/e corner indicated by Lebanon Reserve. It was granted to Major George Frederick Berkley St John on 22-2-1843 and the part east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. St Johns corruption, as a police Magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, was exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner, his neighbour north east of the creek. According to C.P.Billot in The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner, St John sued Fawkner for libel in 1848 and won the case. However the costs awarded against Fawkner amounted to peanuts and embarrassment caused St John to resign his position.

Incidentally Billot manages to spell Berkeley a bit better than the titles office clerk responsible for search certificate 11578.

Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).

On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to Nursery Corner. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunns Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunns farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.

Running from the present Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, this section 15 land ran 295 links south from the Lebanon/Amar St corner to the Lebanon/ Melissa St corner. Franklin bought it from E.J.Brewster on 15-2-1847 for 48 pounds. Because the block was always referred to as part of section 23, there is no sketch of title in J.M.Englishs application for title No.46645. When Franklin died he gave Dame Jane, who had borne him no children, only her clothes and left his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This 12 acre block was fenced in 1882, possibly by John Murray Peck, but was never sold by Franklin. English claimed title through long occupation.

On 16-2-1863, Thomas Henry Lawson Young agreed to lease 419 acres at 294 pounds p.a. Young obviously did not see out the lease as on 1-6-1871 Henry Mawby bought 525 acres from Dame Jane Franklin. Earlier on 28-2-1871, Mawbey had memorialised a lease in duplicate in which Thomas Kelly agreed to pay him 200 pounds p.a. for 5 years for 200 acres (poorly described but probably the land later occupied by Robert McDougall.)


On 28-6-1871, Mawbey mortgaged section 23 to Bishop Charles Perry for 2500 pounds. By 9-10-1873, Mawbey was forced to mortgage it (now 521 acres) to Tondeur and Lempriere. He was now a meat preserver at Warrnambool and Mawbey, Collins & Co. owed money to the Melbourne merchants. Mawbey conveyed the 525 acres to Lempriere for 5645 pounds on 23-7-1874 and on 23-1-1875 his mortgage was cleared. On 23-2-1875, William George Lempriere leased 310 acres 23 perches (St Johns Farm) to Thomas Kelly and mortgaged this farm and the triangular 26 acre 1 rood 20 perches (the s/w corner of section 23 on the other side of Bulla Rd) to Joseph Henry Kay for 4000 pounds. On the same day, Thomas Kelly surrendered the lease on 200 acres (from Henry Mawby) that was memorialised on 21-2-1871. The lease had been intended to run for another year. Vol. 246 folio 901 memorialises a conveyance in fee of the next day in which Thomas Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 acres of section 23. On the next day (25th), Kelly mortgaged this 206 acre twice to Lempriere and his partner, Andrew Murray of Wool Wool (near Larpent) for 3500 pounds (V.246 f.902) and 1074 pounds 18 shillings (V.246 f.903).


Henry Stevenson paid Lempriere L7066/17/- on 23-3-1877 for St Johns Farm (310 acres) and the 26 and a bit acres at the s/w corner of section 23. By 1920 Cam Taylor was farming St Johns whose grass was green in the driest summer because of Essendons nightsoil. J.G.Taylor sold part of the farm to the government for Essendon Aerodrome not long after.

Lemprieres sale of the eastern 206 acres to Kelly seems to have been short-lived as, on 20-8-1880, Lempriere transferred the mortgage on this farm to John Ware from whom he received 3500 pounds.

Although no memorial has been found, Lempriere, or perhaps Kelly, seems to have sold or leased this land shortly afterwards to Robert McDougall who was assessed on 200 acres, Doutta Galla in 1879-80.

Broadmeadows rates of 1899-1900 show that it was owned by the Hodgson executors and had been farmed, along with Oak Park, by Robert Bryant and then Alexander Robertson who had just replaced him. (A parish map of about 1890 shows that Hodgson had 225 acres and Stevensons St Johns was now only 300 acres. It wrongly had the north western 1/3 of section 23 labelled John Hall; Stevenson and Hodgsons land totalled 525 acres, exactly the acreage of the part of section 23 n/e of Bulla Rd, so Hall couldnt have had any of it. His land consisted only of 22 B and D.)

My parish map shows section 23 as 515 acres 3 roods and 29 perches. The number of acres given seems to have resulted from a draughtsman transposing the tens and units figures. Memorials consistently show that the part of section 23 east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. When the 26 acre triangle, now bounded by Nomad Rd, Wirraway Rd and the English/ Vaughan St midline, is added, the total area of section 23 is 551 acres.

The 1920-1 ratebook lists John S.Kelly as renting two houses and a total of 199 acres from Blair and Sons. Kelly could have been a descendant of Thomas Kelly who, after leasing and then buying land in section 23, was recorded in 1879-80 as the owner of land in the Essendon Division (i.e. section 16). J.S.Kellys land was in the north-east half of section 16.

PECK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, COBB & Co., ASCOT VALE, STRATHMORE AND "MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN".

PECK
John Murray Peck came from the town of Lebanon, near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. With Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees he set up the famous Cobb and Co. coachline to Mt. Alexander in 1854; Cobb was the man in the office while Peck, with his daring and commanding voice, took charge of huge teams of horses on their hair-raising trips along the poor roads. He once drove a 14 horse team which hauled 40 passengers to the Melbourne Cup. Before long the partners had sold out and the firm went on to cover many more routes. Peck had another brief period in the coach business but was later to establish himself as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle, often travelling to other colonies to conduct sales. He was enticed into this occupation by Dal Campbell in 1862, and later teamed with William Hudson (who owned much of Peter McCrackens Ardmillan from 1872) and T.R.Raynor, an accountant, to establish a stock firm which dissolved amicably in 1887 when John established Peck and Son with his son Harry.
He served as Mayor of Essendon and must have been the first American -born official of a (future) A.F.L. club, being a vice-president of the Essendon Football Club; his strong voice (which Mrs. McCracken could hear at Ailsa when he was conducting auctions at Newmarket Saleyards) and the Sturt desert pea he wore ensured that others in the crowd at the footy were left in no doubt about which team he supported. No doubt some of his grandchildren barracked for Essendon as in 1884 his daughter, Mary, married that clubs first secretary (and the first V.F.L. President from 1897 till his death in 1915), Alexander McCracken.


His son, Harry Huntington Peck, was born at Gisborne in 1860, left school on 1-1-1878 and in January 1884 became an auctioneer. When he retired in 1938, he had the longest-running licence among stock salesmen in Australia. Luckily, Harry was not content to fade away and started to write at the age of 81. His book MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN gives wonderful pen-pics of a great number of pioneers as well as providing extensive information about properties and is a much-used local history source.

John Murray Peck built a house called Mascoma in Ascot Vale (on part of lot 2 of section A in the parish of Doutta Galla). It consisted of 8 rooms and was situated on lots 29 and 30 of the Fernhill Estate on the south side of Mascoma St. The house was probably built shortly after April 1880 when William Fleming bought the estate. Peck must have wanted more land for (shortly after William Fletcher had converted Smiths old land just south west of the Pascoe Vale bridge to Torrens in 1881) he bought 40 acres and in 1882 built his Italianate mansion, Lebanon, which is now a private residence in Wendora St., Strathmore. His son, Harry, built Hiawatha, still standing at the top of Kilburn St., on the Byron Vale Estate in 1891. It may have been designed by Harrys brother, Solon.A.Peck, the resident architect of the Howie estate* in the city and was modelled on the lodge of the family home at Lebanon, New Hampshire-in which area the Pecks had been pioneers. (*Henry Howie was an early squatter near Gisborne, gaining in 1837 the licence for Cairn Hill which was taken over by J.C.Riddell and Hamilton later on. Howie and his family perished when the Sarah Jane foundered en route from Sydney in 1838 but he had obviously bought city land, which his relatives in England still owned in 1942.)

It is likely that J.M.Peck built Wanganui, a house later referred to as Cooks Homestead, which was on the Red Rooster site at the East end of the footbridge over Pascoe Vale Rd. near Peck Ave. The house was said to have been built for Pecks THREE boys and occupied by Harry for some time. It was later the home of Albert Cook, probably from about 1928 when Broadmeadows Shire, of which he was Secretary, opened new offices at the present site. In 1920-1, Richard O.Peck* had 7 acres in Norfolk Rd. (Gaffney St.) and it is likely that this was the same land owned a decade or so later by Miss Roberts, which extended south from Cooks Homestead to the garage built by Fred Chisholm and his mechanic, Mr. OShea. (Peggy McKenzie, a resident of Gaffney St. from 1935.) The Roberts family was related by marriage.
(*Richard Osborne (Dick) Peck had started in the wool trade and had risen to the position of buyer for Edward Jowitt & Sons of Yorkshire but in the late 1890s joined his fathers firm, its name changing to Peck and Sons.)
In 1920-1, Mrs. Louisa Ellen Peck owned a house and 38 acres (Lebanon) as well as a house and land which Mrs. M.McCracken (her daughter and Alex. McCrackens widow) was renting from her, Harry owned 5 acres (Hiawatha) and with Richard owned 18 acres at the west end of the Byron Vale Estate (probably near Lincoln St. ie. Carnarvon Rd.) and 20 acres adjacent to Lebanon. Dick Peck had earlier owned land, which in 1914 was acquired to extend the army camp at Broadmeadows. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten history A. Lemon. P. 131.)
Buried in the Will Will Rook Cemetery, just west of this piece of land are:
JOHN MURRAY PECK, born at Lebanon, New Hampshire,U.S.A. in January, 1830 and died at Lebanon, Pascoe Vale on 19-11-1903.
LOUISA ELLEN NEE? ROBERTS, wife of above, born Bond St., London 6-6-1840, died Lebanon, Pascoe Vale 5-7-1928
.ANNIE M.PECK, died at Hiawatha, Pascoe Vale 11-11-1940 (after which Harry moved to Bolobek at Macedon where he was living when Memoirs was published in 1942),wife of
HARRY HUNTINGTON PECK who died at Wangaratta on 24-7-1943 and their son
GUNNER HARRY HUNTINGTON PECK of the 4TH. F.A.B., 1st. A.I.F., who died on 6-10-1947.
In the equally historic Bulla Cemetery, in the 12th. Row of the C.of E. section lies SARAH SWINBORNE ROBERTS who died at Lebanon, Pascoe Vale on 31-1-1916.
(Sources as stated plus: Sam Merrifields House Index & Street names of Essendon by Lenore Frost, Essendon Conservation study by G.Butler, Kilts and Cow Dung Flats and Ardmillan by MYSELF and of course, Harrys book.)

Who was Hugh Peck? He was obviously related to John Murray Peck because of an entry in Broadmeadows rates of 1879-80 which throws into doubt the claim that John bought the Lebanon land in or shortly after 1881. The entry shows that Hugh Peck owned a house and 34 acres at Pascoe Vale with a nett annual value of 60 pounds. This was probably Lebanon. Hugh Peck was also leasing a house and land at Yuroke,N.A.V.12 pounds from Henry Papworth; this was probably in Section Rd., Greenvale.

In 1900, Hugh Peck, landowner, owned 6 acres on J.P. Fawkners grant, 11B of Doutta Galla between Milleara and Rachelle Rds. in East Keilor. This was probably a site Fawkner reserved for a school just south of Groves St. or a block east of that street labelled Fawkner Executors on a C.1890 map.
I also recall having seen a map 10 years ago, which showed Hugh Peck as the owner of section 19 of the parish of Maribyrnong. This accounts for the naming of Pecks Rd., Sydenham, which is its eastern boundary. As confirmation of this hazy recollection, I have found notes from a discussion with longtime Sydenham farmer, Merv Landers, in which he described the land west of Pecks Rd. as having been Bob Mortons and earlier Pecks.
Was Hugh an alternate name for J.M.Peck, an older son or a brother? I prefer the first theory.
On 30-7-1903, the late James Robertsons Upper Keilor estate was sold by Pearson, Rowe and Smith in conjunction with J.M.Peck and Sons. This land was between Calder Highway and the river, and on the north side of the Melton Rd. from Calder Park Dr. to the Beattys (Sic!) Rd. corner. Just south of the Melton road was William Taylors Overnewton Estate, which was sold at about the same time*, probably by the same firms. If J.M. was indeed Hugh, he had only a few months left to buy the land near Pecks Rd. before he died.
(*Taylor died in 1903)

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