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JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER'S CO-OPERATIVES NORTH WEST OF MELBOURNE, VIC., AUST.

This journal arose from my journal about Pascoe Vale and Strathmore. I wished to mention the pioneers on his grants obtained on behalf of his co-op. members in areas outside the scope of that journal.

The following comes from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE. Sections mentioned are in the parish of Tullamarine. As maps are not able to be pasted here, I will give Melway references for the plots of land bought by the co-operative members and transposed on my trusty old Melway.

Only purchasers in section 10 will be included in the surname list here. Surnames of members of Fawkner's co-ops involved in the purchase of land in sections 13 and 6/7 will appear in the surname lists of journals entitled J.P.FAWKNER'S CO-OPS,SURNAMES LIST, SECTION 13 TULLAMARINE and J.P.FAWKNER'S CO-OPS,SURNAMES LIST, SECTIONS 6 AND 7 TULLAMARINE.
Unfortunately I have wasted many hours in the past, retyping surname lists from which the majority of names entered have disappeared after a while. This seems to occur when there are more than about 25 names, and there are 32 for section 10, so the surname list journals are an insurance policy.

SECTION 10.

This 448 acre section was bought by John Pascoe Fawkner, as chairman of the Victoria Cooperative Freehold Land Investment Society, with money paid in by those who wanted to buy land. Upon the conveyance of each members land an additional 10 shillings was paid to Fawkner. The 10/- payment, probably to cover stamp duty, was also paid on conveyance of Fawkners land at East Keilor, in sections 13 and 7 in the parish of Tullamarine and at Hadfield and Coburg.

Fawkners land was generally broken into lots of about 6 acres, probably to make it possible for even the poorest yoeman farmer to own his own land. However the lots must have proved too small and they were to become consolidated into large farms such as Shelton at East Keilor, Glenalice in section 13 and Loves dairy in section 7.

Memorials concerning section 10 land rarely mention lot numbers; only those for Boone and the Presbyterian church land do so.



Andrew Lemon mentions the above school on P. 38 of his Broadmeadows history but assumes that it was two miles west of Broadmeadows. It is likely that this was the .3 acre site at the north west corner of lot 14 on section 10. This was conveyed into the trust of J.P.Fawkner, Henry Langlands, David Smith and Dugald Stewart on 15-10-1855 (70277). Rev. Reids argument that the parish was intersected by creeks (always flooded in the rainy season) makes me believe that he was talking about Tullamarine Island rather than the area near John Grants Seafield where a school also commenced in 1959. Tullamarine Island School 619 operated 1-7-1859 to 30-4-1865 and 3-12-1875 to 31-8-1882. (2nd period probably on the site on Bulla Park mentioned by I.W.Symonds.)

POSTSCRIPT. Although Henry Langlands was a trustee, it is likely this school was on section 10. Langland's children,if they attended this school would have had to walk from 5 B-C6 to 3 E2, crossing Deep Creek!

The land bought from Fawkner by the following is shown in the section 10 subdivision map.All map references are for Melway.


LOCATION AND PURCHASERS OF LOTS IN THE SUBDIVISION OF SECTION 10.
Vol. Fol.; Purchaser; Date; Lot number(s); Location in Melway.
S 654; Edward Pope; 27-11-1852; 7; 3 B 2-3 and road frontage* in western third of C3. The south west half of the northern part of the horseshoe bend, now entirely part of the Organ Pipes National Park.(* The road once led to a ford over Deep Creek that Harriet Sharp would have used, but it now finishes at the south east corner of lot 7.

S 736; Thomas ;27-11-52; 12, 13; Between Loemans Rd and the western two thirds of the green part of the organ pipes park in the western half of 3 D 3 and eastern half of E3. The Coopers Rd corner is over Loemans Rd from the midpoint of lot 11 and lot 12 is to the east.

S 737; Thomas Collins; 27-11-52; 2; The words ORGAN PIPES NATIONAL in 3 D4 just fit in between the north and south boundaries of lot 2. Its eastern boundary is that of the park.

T 292; Elizabeth Sweetnam; 24-12-52; 23; Top third of the left half of 3 E1 north east of the bend in Coopers Rd. Continuations north and east of the lines of Coopers Rd indicate the west and south boundaries.The eastern boundary of lots 1, 2, 4, 13, 14, 21,22, 23,30,31, 40, 41, 44 and 45, also the eastern boundary of section 10, can be ascertained by extending the eastern boundary of the Organ Pipes National Park(in 3 E 3-4)to the north. If you cross from map 3 to map 176 properly you'll find that the north east corner of section 10 is in the middle of the horseshoe bend in 176 E-F 11.


T 879; William Pollock; 20-12-52; 31; central ninth of 176 E12,its southern boundary an eastern continuation of Coopers Rd and its eastern boundary discussed in bold type under lot 23.

T 980; John Dwyer; 23-1-53; 4;the almost rectangular part of the park in 3 D-E3 extending south to include a third of the incredible formation,the organ pipes.

U 191; Hugh Cameron; 10-12-52; 10; a triangular block in 3 C2, and D 2-3, bounded on the north west by the road that led to the ford,on the south west by the park,its eastern boundary indicated by the west boundary of the rectangle-like part of the park in 3 D4 and continuing to the private access road that runs west from Loemans Rd.

U 195; George Lewis; 10-1-53; 6;southern part of the horseshoe bend in 3C3, with its north east boundary being a continuation (across the road to the ford)of Pope's (lot 7.)

Although the combined maps 3 and 176 map has been attached, I will continue my description of the various purchases in case any descendants wish to mark the boundaries of their ancestors' land on their own Melway.

U 437; Thomas Biggin; 27-11-52; 15; right third of top third of 3 D2.

V 918; John Beasley; 10-12-52; 9; 3 C-D2 between road to the ford and Jacksons Creek.

V 927; Edward Jennings; 26-3-53; 26; top right corner of 3 C1 between Jacksons Creek and Cooper Rd.

W 27; John Christian; 2-4-53; 18; South of lot 26 in small horseshoe bend in 3 C1.

*W 328; Fred. Anthony Thies; 10-12-52; 8;north east half of horseshoe bend protruding into 3 B2 with a frontage to the road to the ford in 3 C3.

3 144; Nicholas Close; 24-10-1853; 27 ;176 C12 fronting Jacksons Creek and the n-s and e-w parts of Cooper Rd and adjoining lot 26 halfway to the bottom of 176 C12.

3 367; Edward Blair; 8-11-53; 11;middle longitudinal third of 3 D 2-3 (between the private access continuing the line of Loemans Rd to the west and the western third of the almost rectangular part of the park north of Jacksons Creek in 3 D-E.

3 407; John McKechnie; 28-10-53; 24; fronts the northern side of the eastern half of Cooper Rd in 3 D-E 1.Northern boundary just above "private access".

4 764; Robert Lechmere; 10-1-53; 20; right third of (almost) bottom third of 3 D1. Frontage to half of the n-s section of Cooper Rd and the eastern third of the e-w section.

4 948; Stewart Davidson; 3-12-52; 37; top right corner of 176 C 12 plus a triangular part in a small portion of C-D 11 where the northern boundary heads east nor' east to meet the eastern boundary (a continuation of the last n-e section of Cooper Rd) at Jacksons Creek. The southern boundary is just south of the easternmost part of the curve near the end of the private access.

5 846; Kezia McCurdie; 29-12-53; 22; Not quite the middle latitudinal third of the west half of 3 E1 between Cooper Rd and the east boundary of section 10.

6 801; John Hughes; 1-12-52; 21; the bottom third of 3 E1 between McCurdie's lot 22 (previous entry)and lot 14 (Cavour Country Club.)

6 802; George Davis; 1-12-52; 32; Middle latitudinal third of 176 D 12 (eastern three eighths)and E12 (western quarter.)

6 805; Alfred Monk; 26-1-54; 30; bottom third of left half of 176 E12. Northern boundary is an extension of the Cooper Rd line to the east.

6 827; William Bedford; 20-12-53; 34 (northern half.The location of the whole of lot 34 is given here.
The southern boundary is just south of the e-w end of Cooper Rd (or it might be the southern boundary because the number of links in the sketch of title,or my transposition is slightly out;I'm discussing a difference of one millimetre on Melway!)The northern boundary is about four fifths of the way to the top of 176 C12 and the eastern boundary is a continuation of the last n-s section of Cooper Rd. William Burrell (below) bought the southern half including (or fronting)the end of Cooper Rd.

8 465; Jn Hy Broughton; 10-12-52; 28; bottom third of (a bit more than) the left half of 176 C12. North boundary is an eastern extension of the e-w section of Cooper Rd.

12 329; William Burrell; 31-12-53; 34 (southern half fronting or including the end of Cooper Rd ; the location of the whole of lot 34 is given under the William Bedford entry (just above.)

23 135; Ben. Escott Cozens; 10-12-52; 19; middle longitudinal third of 3 D1 fronting the south side of Cooper Rd and extending south halfway to the private access between Loemans Rd and the creek.

26 995; B.Brookman; 10-12-55; 25; top left corner of 3 D1 having Cooper Rd as its south and west boundary. North west corner indicated by the E in COOPER RD in 176 D 12.

25 46; Charles Boone; 26-1-54; 5 3 38-45.
Lot 5. 3C-D3. The part of the park south east of the road to the ford between the diagonal park boundary with a parallel south west boundary and the ROSETTE ROCK just inside its southern corner.
Lot 3. 3 D-E 3-4 east of Jacksons Creek. The southern two thirds of the ORGAN PIPES are inside its northern boundary and the south boundary is just above ORGAN PIPES in 3 D4.
Lots 38-45. Top third of 176 D12 and left half of top third of 176 E 12, and north to Jacksons Creek.

30 303; David Smith; 31-8-55; 36; the horseshoe bend in 176 B 11-10 with a southern boundary just inside 176 C and D11.
*30 331 Repeats W 328 correcting errors.

34 804; Alex. Cameron; 10-12-52; 16; same western and eastern boundaries as lot 19 to the north,that is lines leading (magnetic)south from points one third and two thirds of the way along the e-w section of Cooper Rd. Fronts the private access and goes halfway north to Cooper Rd.

70 277; Trustees 15-10-58; 1/3 acre; 14. Cavour Country Club,3 E2. Was this Rev.Reid's school?

161 44; William Jolley; 14-6-1866; 17; western third of 3 D1 part 2 fronting Cooper Rd and the private access leading west from Loemans Rd. The western boundary was a southern continuation of the n-s part of Cooper Rd at the top of 3 D1.

168 702; John Jones; 10-12-1852; 1; 3 D4,the south west portion of the Organ Pipes National Park with its northern boundary between the words NATIONAL and PARK on the map.




COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY. LTD. REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY EDITION 27, WITH PERMISSION.

The lot numbers as shown above were unknown until I was trying to establish the locations of farms owned by the Tates and Randalls. Luckily a plan of Fawkners subdivision of section 10 was included in the sketch of title for Application 12224

(by Paul Tate in 1879.)

The plan showed that Fawkners index did not include details about the sale of three lots, unless I missed the entries in my transcription.

LOT 35 WAS BOUGHT BY HENRY JOLLY (285 117).

LOT 29 WAS BOUGHT BY COGAN BRUMBY (6 228).

LOT 33 WAS BOUGHT BY THOMAS HORLEY (HORTEY?)

Joll(e)ys purchase of lot 35 was probably not memorialized until 1880 when Letitia Roy Smith (Davids wife) applied for title, stating that she bought it from Henry Jolley for 90 pounds on 26-3-1856 (Application 13198).

It is obvious that the purchase of lot 33 was never memorialized. Some proof of the purchase must have been provided in application 13537.

In superimposing the lots onto Melway maps 176 and 3, I have used the dimensions given in memorials but I have had to show with a dotted line that the south- west corner of lot 42 was at the bend in the river.


SECTION 10 FARMS.
Abraham Hodgkinsons farm consisted of lots 7, 8 and 9. The part of it that is now part of the park passed to his widow Harriet, who also received the grant for allotment 7A of section 5, Holden on 1-12-1875. (Harriet then lived in Holden, so the farm on lots 7 and 8 was then called the Old Farm.) Harriets second husband, William Sharp, bought lot 6* on 29-6-1865, so Harriet (a daughter of Thomas Faithfull) would have toiled on lots 6, 7, 8 and 9 as well as Starr Grove. The rest of Abrahams farm was sold to Harry Mildenhall, husband of Harriets sister. Henry sold this to George Randall for 75 ½ pounds on 3-4-1862.

*Lot 6 was sold to Sharp by R.G.Nichols (who had bought it from Lewis on 23-8-1854 for 120 pounds) .Was this George Nicholls who married Harriets sister Jane? Nichols sold to Sharp for only 60 pounds.


COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY. LTD. REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY STREET DIRECTORY EDITION 27 , WITH PERMISSION.

Allotment B of section 5 in Holden was granted to Paul Tate and the other executors of the will of C. Rhodes. Ed Fanning does not believe that it became part of Pleasant Vale. Paul Tate probably gained title to lots 35 and 27.


George Randall also bought lots 11-15 from Thomas Fraser on 20-11-1861 for 325 pounds (112 484). It is likely that Randall also bought lots 10 and 16 from Fraser. Ed Fanning says that the 108 acres that Alf Randall had after Hall had bought this section 10 farm was in the western quarter of 11B.

William Bedford sold the southern half of lot 34 to David Smith for 40 pounds on 12-3-1861 (6 827). He had bought lot 3 from Boone for 10 shillings on 3-4-1855 and lot 2 from Collins on 12-3-1856 for 112 pounds. He later added lot 1, purchased from John Jones for 129 pounds on 25-1-1867 (Application 26569).

Henry Ernest Hall applied for title to lot 4 (Application 27053) and then Harriet Sharps old farm and lot 6 in 1891. Application 40141 shows Hall in possession of lots 1-13 (all the section 10 land south of the line of Loemans Rd) as well as lots 14 and 16. Ratebooks (1902, 1915) show that he owned 106 acres.

John Heagney bought 11B from the grantees but by 1882 Katherine and James Heagney were reduced to leasing Craigllachie from the OBriens. Paul Tate had the western half of 11B and the Ritchies had the eastern half.


ABRAHAM HODGKINSON.

Abraham Hodgkinson was the 3rd mate on the Royal Consort which left for Australia on 9-11-1843 and arrived on 18-2-1844. He was paid L8/19/6 for his duties, which indicates that he did not jump ship as many sailors did a decade later during the gold rush. On board as passengers were Thomas Faithfull 37, his wife Mary Ann 39, and their children: Harriet Ruby 19, Sarah Amelia 17, Henry 14, Jane 11, Moses 8, William 4 and Thomas 2. The Faithfull family must have soon arrived in this area for when their eighth and last child, Anne, was born on 9-6-1846 the birth was registered at Bulla.

Now it seems that Abraham Hogkinson, about 31 during the voyage out, was using his time off duty for more than sleeping. A certain 19 year old lass had caught his eye and he was to marry Harriet on 10-2-1850. Abraham was to live only nine years after his marriage but fathered eight children because he started early! Did they elope? The registrations of his childrens births indicate his whereabouts before buying land on Tullamarine Island:

Ester b. Moonee Ponds* & d. Melbourne 1845, Maria b. Gippsland 1848, William b. Keilor 1849, Marian b.1851 and Sarah b.1853 at Jordans Creek (up Castlemaine way), Thomas b.1855 Tullamarine, Harriet b.1857 Flemington (may have needed special medical care for the birth), Abraham b.1860 Tullamarine (d.1861.)

(Moonee Ponds could have indicated that he was working for Loeman on Moreland, Robertson on La Rose or Fawkner on Belle Vue Park, leasing part of 23 Doutta Galla, working for Kenny on Camp Hill, McDougall etc on Glenroy, Peter McCracken on Stewarton, Coghill on Cumberland, Dewar on Glendewar, Greene on Woodland or Firebrace on Melford Station, i.e. anywhere near the Moonee Ponds Creek!

Several historians have made the mistake of assuming that Moonee Ponds meant the present suburb.)

Anyhow, getting back to Abrahams farm. On 25-2-54, Abraham bought Edward Popes allotment for 150 pounds (12 981). For an amount that was not entered in the memorial, he then purchased the neighbouring allotment from Frederick Anthony Thies on 4-5-1855. I have not been able to find the conveyance of John Beasleys allotment, but Abe obviously owned this by 1-9-1855, when he mortgaged all three allotments to J.H.Brooke for 100 pounds (30 384).

On 30-7-1858, Abraham conveyed Beasleys lot and the eastern part of Thiess lot (which is not part of the Organ Pipes Park) to Henry Mildenhall for 125 pounds (66 695). Mildenhall became the husband of Sarah Amelia Faithfull, the sister of Abrahams wife, Harriet. Abraham Hodgkinson died on 2-12-1859. In 1862, his widow married William Skill Sharp but Harriet again became a widow when William died on 4-8-1870.

On 15-7-1879, Thomas Hodgkinson conveyed Popes purchase and the western half of the lot originally bought by Thies (both now part of the park) to his mother Harriet Sharp for 140 pounds. (282 230). The memorial indicates that the title was converted (to Torrens?) in 1890 so details of further conveyance cannot be obtained for free.

Harriet Sharp died on 24-12-1885. Her will of 17-12-1885 left the old farm (lot 7 and the western half of lot 8) to her daughter Amy Ann Sharpe and East End Farm, her present homestead (allotment 7A of section 5 in Holden) to her son, John Sharpe. Thomas Hodgkinson was appointed as Amys trustee until she turned 21.John Sharpe, her sole executor, specified on 31-3-1886 that the Holden farm consisted of 36 99/160 acres and the old farm of about 31 acres. (See 11A re spouses of Harriets kids.)

DAVID SMITH.

David Smith purchased lot 36 in section 10 from Fawkner. He later acquired the nearby lots originally purchased by Burrell (1854), Cozens (55), Bedford (61) and William Jolly (67). His wife Letitia Roy Smith bought Henry Jollys lot 35 on 26-3-1856. David was one of the four trustees for the Presbyterian land on lot 14.David also owned John Byrnes old farm of about 150 acres (between Overpostle and the westernmost quarter of 11B) from 1862 until he sold it to Paul Tate on 18-3-1876. Letitia sold about 12 acres to speculator, Aaron Waxman, on 17-12-1879.


SECTION 13.

As the Mansfields owned land in both allotments, details of both allotments need to be read in conjunction with each other. See J.P.Fawkners 80 lot subdivision of 13B and the southern half of 13A superimposed on Melway map 4.

CROWN ALLOTMENT A.
This allotment consisted of 492 acres and was granted to John Pascoe Fawkner and George Coghill in December 1850.On 28-9-1852 the allotment was bisected with Coghill taking ownership of the northern half and Fawkner the southern 246 acres. Fawkner then subdivided this land and 13 B (south of Mansfields Rd). The original purchasers of this land are shown on Melway map 4. Lots consisted of about 6 ½ acres.

Purchasers in 13 A whose names persisted in the area for many years were George Emerson (family associated with the area at the start of Loemans Rd), William Trotman (family associated with land between the two parts of Waltham, Glenarthur, Springfield and Greenan, all on the northern side of Somerton Rd at Greenvale), and Donald Gray (land retained until 1915 at least by Agnes).


George Coghill mortgaged his property Glencairn (the northern half of 13 A, 17B and the part of section 16 s/w of Bulla Rd) to Henry Miller for 2100 pounds on 9-6-1856. Perhaps he needed the money to build his boiling-down works on Glencairn.




Most of the Fawkners subdivision blocks, and obviously Coghills half were eventually purchased by David Mansfield. In 1891, David had obviously sold two properties of 343 and 320 acres to Herman who was listed as the owner with nobody listed as occupant. Davids 320 acres farm was obviously Roseleigh plus 50 acres and the 13 acres later added to Glenalice, and the 343 acres was the farm given to Walter later on with the addition of 13 acres.

G.W.Taylor (Gladstone Park and Chandos) and the Essendon Land Tram and Investment Co. (Crotty and Delahey land on both sides of Fosters Rd), had been forced to relinquish their land as well as payments already made when the depression struck. The Hermans (Thomas and Marks) who had also bought Gowrie Park and much land near the Bulla cemetery and shire hall, would have suffered the same fate.

Coghills half of 13A (246 acres) and Fawkners lots 1-14 of 6 acres 12 perches each (88 ½ acres plus the private road 50 links wide and 11620 links long running east-west 1220 links north of Mansfield Rd, another 5.8 acres), became his son, Walters Glenalice. The above adds up to 340.3 acres, fairly close to the acreage of the first farm sold to Herman by David Mansfield. The magnificent duochrome brick Glenalice near the west end of the runway would have been demolished in about 1965 at about the same time as the Inverness hotel. Roseleigh of 257 acres, owned by Walters brother Ernest, was partly north of Mansfields Rd, but its homestead (still standing) and much of its land were on the south side.

A 28 acre block owned by T.W.Taylor/Emerson originally and later occupied by Charles Farnes (1860s) John Duncan McFarlane of Worrough at Keilor (1922-3) and Kevin Ernest Butler (1946-7) was sold for the jetport C 1961 by the Butlers. This block, lots 27-29, fronted north side of the east end of Mansfields Rd. The easement granted to Walter Mansfield in David Mansfields will of 1903 was probably on the western boundary of this 28 acre block. (See section 14 about what I think is a wrong assumption that Samuel Mansfield owned Gowrie Park.)

By 1946-7, the Mansfields had gone, their land having been bought in equal halves of 312 acres. Walters Glenalice was sold in 1939 with the clearing sale on April 12 bringing poor prices such as 5/- for a draught horse.

James Mackie Smith, a chemist according to Keith McNab, owned Roseleigh and Charles William Willers owned Glenalice. In 1950 or before, P.J.Shelley purchased Roseleigh, which was mainly in 13B but extended 1020 links north of Mansfields Rd. The Commonwealth purchased his 115 acres in 13 A in 1961. This 115 acres probably consisted of lots 15-26 of Fawkners subdivision (12 x 9 a. 1 r. 38 p. = 113 acres 3 roods 16 perches). Walter Murphy was trying to persuade the select committee in 1963 and 1970 that the remaining 186 acres should also be purchased.

By 1961 a Mr Finchett had bought Glenalice of 357 acres and sold it for the jetport.

LOTS PURCHASED BY FAWKNER'S CO-OP. MEMBERS IN 13A.(Lot No.; Name; Area; Document; location on Melway.)
14. James Bullied. (Volume 19, folio 934.) 4 B- small part C, fronting south half of eastern extent of horseshoe bend to Perimeter Rd.
13, 12. William Warr. 18 acres 25 perches. (Volume 4, folio 460.)The rest of 4 D2, middle latitudinal third.
11, 10,9, 8, 7. Correction fluid. I'd forgotten to amend what I'd written and, alas, I no longer have my notes.
North east corner of 7 just west of south corner of west end of runway.
LOTS 6-1 FRONT THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE RUNWAY BUT BECAUSE THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY IS MAGNETIC EAST-WEST,RATHER THAN BEING TRUE EAST-WEST AS THE RUNWAY IS, THE NORTH EAST CORNER OF LOT 1 TOUCHES THE BOTTOM OF 4 H2 AT A NORTHERN CONTINUATION OF McNABS RD.
6. Charles Snooks. (V.2 f.226.) Small parts E-F 2-3.
5. William Lees.(V.3 f.143.)Small parts F.2-3.
4, 3, 2, 1. William Trotman. F-G 2-3 and H3(top half, to corner mentioned above in bold type.)

THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY OF LOTS 15 TO 29 IS MANSFIELD RD,THUS MELWAY REFERENCES MEAN NORTH OF MANSFIELDS RD. THEY ADJOIN LOTS 14-1 ON THE NORTH.
15-19. Donald Gray. (V.2 f.639.) Projection in 4 A2 to western quarter of D3.
The part of Mansfields Rd climbing up from Deep Creek (where there were good kaolin deposits)was called Gray's Hill. Malcolm Ritchie of Aucholzie, adjoining Fawkner's subdivision on the south, married a Gray girl.
20, 21. Correction fluid. (V.64 f.332 and V.19 f.890), possibly Gray. 4 D3, part D4.
22.Thomas Brown. (V.2 f.429.) Almost left half of 4 E3. Includes gate 11.
No lot number but obviously 23. School. Almost right half of 4 E3.
24-26. Patrick (probably a given name)correction fluid. (V.2 f.88 written only on 25.)4 F3.
27-28. George Emerson. (V.96 f.92.) Left two thirds of 4 G3.
29. John Taylor. (V.29 f.197.) East to Farnes' corner,the corner of McNabs and Mansfields Rds.
THE LOTS SOUTH OF MANSFIELDS RD WERE IN 13B.



ALLOTMENT B (SECTION 13).

Consisting of 415 acres, this was granted to Fawkner in December 1850. He subdivided it, along with the southern half of 13 A. Original purchasers are shown on Melway map 4. Charles Nash bought the land now occupied by Broadacres Kennels and Cattery and his widow, Mary, still owned it in 1922 and used it to graze dry cows. Harry Nashs widow, Olive still owned it in 1970. The Ritchie family added 110 acres of 13B to Aucholzie and David (and then Ernest) Mansfield seem to have had 186 acres if Walter Murphys details about the Shelleys farm were correct. Patrick Murphy had Ritchies 110 acres in 1914-5 and much of the remaining 119 acres would have been John Mansfields Pine Tree Farm and part of his 205 acres (including the 83 acre Scone) which Alf Wright was leasing. In 1922-3, Christina Elizabeth Turner had 114 acres, probably Pine Tree Farm, which was between Roseleigh and McNabs Rd. In 1946-7, R.J.Gilbertson had 119 and 106 ¾ acres in 13 B, obviously having acquired Pine Tree Farm and 4 of the 110 acres being added to the 114. In 1914-5 James Miller, a mechanic, had 12 acres between Nashs block and McNabs Rd and in 1922-3 Robert Miller had it. The 1914-5 acreages ,using Walter Murphys numbers, exceed that of 13B by 27 acres so it seems that Percy Shelley only had 160 acres in 13 B (and hence David and Ernest Mansfield).

CO-OP. MEMBERS AND THEIR BLOCKS IN 13B.(Lot No.;Purchaser;Area; Document;Location on Melway.)
The northern boundary of lots 48 to 30 is Mansfields Rd unless otherwise stated.
46-47. James Timms. Fronts eastern run of Deep Creek from the old ford in James Robertson's Upper Keilor
(west end of dotted line at the end of Mansfields Rd)with the south boundary starting from the bend to the south in 4 C3. Extends eastward just into 4 D3 and small part of C4.
47-48. James Amos. Eastern boundary is the southward-running part of Deep Creek in the bottom left corner of 4 C3. Small parts of C3 and 4. North east corner near the n in Airport Boundary.South of Timms' blocks.
44-43.Archbald McKenzie. Mansfield Rd boundary from the north east corner of Timms' purchase to two thirds of the way across 4 D3. Contains the private access road and goes south halfway to Bassett Rd.
42-41. John Cumming.Manfields Rd boundary from two thirds of the way across 4 D3 to halfway across 4 E3. Same depth as lots 44 and 43.
NO LOT NUMBER(S). Isaac Mansfield. (Volume Y folio 751.) Road frontage to Mansfields and Bassett Rds of about 600 links (6 chains or 120 metres, 6 mm on Melway) and a frontage to the West side of Panton Drive of 3000 links (30 chains or 600 metres.)
NO LOT NUMBER(S). Samuel Mansfield. (Volume X folio 838.)Same dimensions as Isaac's block but fronting the east side of Panton Drive.South east corner a touch east of the proposed runway.
33. John Mansfield. (V. folio 926.) Same dimensions as Issac and Sam's blocks. Northern half of east boundary adjoins Broadacres Kennels and Cattery in 4 G4 (in my 1999 edition but by 2007 acquired for airport expansion.)
This was almost certainly the farm that John called "Pine Tree Farm".
32, 31. Charles Nash. (Volume Y folio 419.) Broadacres Kennels and Cattery land.Frontage to Mansfields Rd of 260 metres, running east from a point 400 metres west of McNabs Rd. Top left two thirds of 4G4 extending southward halfway to the line of Bassett Rd.Charles and his son, Harry, used this land for spelling dry cows.
30.W.Spiers. Corner of Mansfields and McNabs Rd with frontages of about 140 and 300 metres. James Spiers was assessed by the shire of Keilor in 1868. Peter Spiers was assessed in 1900 on 101 acres that later became Bill Ellis's "Ecclesfield" and was probably Langlands purchase in Fawkner's subdivision of part sections 6 and 7.

The southern boundary of lots 49 to 62 is Bassett Rd.
49-51. James Robb. Horseshoe bend in 4 A-B 4 and first quarter of C4 on Bassett Rd frontage. Deep Creek is the western and most of the northern boundary.The northern boundary of this and other smaller blocks can be indicated by drawing a line from the westward flowing portion of the creek that forms Robb's northern boundary to the exact bottom right corner of 4 H4.
52. John Matthews. Roughly the next 120 metres to the east with the same depth as Robb's.
53. Thomas Clements.Ditto. Goes East to a planned (but probably never made) road that ran from Bassett Rd to meet Mansfields Rd at the western side of McKenzie's purchase to provide access for James Amos.
54, 55. Peter Nettleton. Next 280 metres to the east.Left two thirds of 4 D4. Same depth as Robb's.
56. James Jackson. Next 140 metres east. The rest of 4 D4. Same depth as Robb's.
57. William Gapper. Ditto. Left third of 4 E4, part 5.
58. Thomas Thomas. Ditto. Middle longitudinal third of 4 E4 part 5.
59. John Mansfield. Ditto. This block was 280 metres west of John's large block, 2nd east from Pantons Drive.
*Mansfield's large block on the west side of Pantons Drive.Proposed runway at north west corner.
*Sam Mansfield's large block on the east side of Pantons Drive.Proposed runway at south east corner.
* John Mansfield's large block for the next 140 metres east.
(* These blocks fronted both Mansfields and Bassett Rds.)
60. William Adams. Next 140 metres east. Left third parts 4 G4 and 5.
61. John Mansfield. Ditto. Middle longitudinal third of 4 G 4 and 5.
62. Arthur Millington. Last 140 metres to McNabs Rd. Right third of 4 G4 and 5.

The following tragedy led to my poem DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 16 October 1906 p 1 Family Notices
... Colonist 53 years. MANSFIELD.-On the 15th October (accidently drowned), at Keilor, William John, beloved lim husband of Catherine Mansfield, and only surviving son of John Mansfield, of Tullamarine, aged 50 years also his eldest son. William John Mansfield Slans aged 7 years. "In ... 1116 words

This clash between brothers led to my poem THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON.The judge told them to shake hands and share a beer together (obviously not in the reporter's vicinity.) They were the best of friends from that day forward. (The late Wally Mansfield.)

An action was tried in the Supreme Court yesterday, before Mr. Justice A'Beckett and a jury of six, in which John Mansfield, of Tullamarine, sued his brother David Mansfield, of the same place, for damages for placing an obstruction across a road in Tullamarine, which it was alleged the plaintiff had a right to use. The plaintiff also asked that the obstruction should be removed from the road, and that an injunction should be granted against its re-erection. Mr. Topp and Mr. R. A. Smith appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Duffy and Mr. Bryant for the defendant. The plaintiff's case was that the road in question ran on one side of the defendant's land, and the defendant put a fence across it, and thereby prevented plaintiff from using it, or having access by it to the Deep Creek, to which it led. The defence was that the plaintiff had no right to the use of the road. The plaintiff produced evidence to show that he owned land in the district, and that his title to the land gave him also a right to use the road in question, the right being derived from the original owners of the land which constituted the road. After the jury had retired to consider their verdict, Sir Bryant stated that an affidavit had been filed with the judges associate by a clerk of the defendant's solicitors, in which the clerk swore that on the previous day he saw the plaintiff and his brother, Samuel Mansfield, enter a hotel together with one of the jurymen who was empanelled in the case. About a quarter of an hour afterwards the clerk went into the hotel and there saw John and Samuel Mansfield drinking and talking with the juryman, but when they saw the clerk they left the hotel by different doors.

Mr.Bryant therefore asked his Honour under the circumstances, to defer entering up judgment until an application could be made to the Full Court. Shortly after Mr. Bryant made the request, the jury returned into court with a verdict for the plaintiff with damages, 1s. Mr. Bryant then renewed his request, but his Honour stated that he did not think it was in his province to take any notice of the affidavit. He entered up the verdict for the plaintiff, damages 1s, with costs, and granted the injunction, the obstruction to be removed within one month. (P.4, Argus,20-11-1890.)
The road that David had closed could have been Panton Drive but might have also been several other subdivision roads that disappeared long long ago.


Bassett Rd is the northern boundary of lots 63 to 80.The south boundary of lots 63 to 80 can be pinpointed by extending the south boundary of the land shaded yellow in the 1999 and 2007 Melway (bottom of 4 F-G 5) to Deep Creek. This line was a continuation of Grants Lane and the boundary between the shires of Keilor (south) and Bulla (north);Fawkner's subdivision was entirely in the latter,as was the one in Section 10. The subdivision on the parts of section 6 and 7 west of Bulla Rd was entirely in the shire of Keilor, being south of Grants lane.

(These are listed from McNabs Rd to Deep Creek.)
63.John Mansfield. 200 metre frontage to McNabs Rd and frontage of 140 metres to west on the south side of Bassett Rd (which ran east to McNabs Rd.)The Grants Lane bridge (at the bottom right corner of 4 G5) was just across McNabs Rd from its south east corner.
64-65. Thomas Saunders. East to just inside 4 F5.
66-7.Thomas Threlfall. East almost to Panton Drive corner.
68-9.Graham Jameson. South west corner two fifths of the way across 4 E5.
70. James Figgins. South east corner almost three quarters of the way across 4 E5.
71. John Dewar. Southeast corner at the left boundary of 4 E5.
John Dewar might have been related to William Dewar, who founded Glendewar (Melway 5 C3 to E6.)
72-3. John Maglehose. South east corner three fifths of the way across 4 D5. In 1999 (with lot 74) comprised Mooreholme Kennels owned by Harry Moore and his wife, Val, both members of the reformed Keilor Historical Society. Harry was a gracious opponent in the 1974 Tullamarine ward election.
74.D.Hill. South east corner nine tenths of the way across 4 D5.The purchaser was possibly an ancestor of Stephen Hill who escaped death in the Mansfield tragedy at Bertrams Ford and was probably living at that time at Danby Farm at the east end of the east-west runway. William Mansfield was on Scone (Airport terminal site) at that time if I remember correctly. The two families had been neighbours for over 50 years by 1906.Like the McRaes, the Hills moved to St Albans.
75-78.Richard Thomas. 4 C5, parts B, D5 and C4.
79. No documents mentioning this were found. Possibly Richard or Arthur Thomas.
80. Arthur Thomas. Southern boundary 200 metres to Deep Creek and northern boundary (line of Bassett Rd)420 metres.

The north west corner of section 7 (and J.P.Fawkner's other subdivision in Tullamarine) was only one mile west along Grants Lane, past John Grant's "Seafield", from the south west corner of his section 13 subdivision.

------------------------------------------------------

Sections 6 and 15 were granted to John Carre Riddell an early squatter of Cairn Hill near Gisborne. Section 6 is west of "Gladstone" extending from Freight Rd to Bamford Ave with its western boundary roughly indicated by the northern part of Link Rd. Section 15 is between Bamford Ave and the creek,extending west to the Airport Terminal.

Section 7 was granted to J.P.Fawkner, as head of a co-operative, on 28-6-1850. Section 7 is the square mile west of section 6; its n/w corner is indicated by airport gates 33 and 34 and its s/w corner by the Quantas maintenance area.(1999 Melway.)

On 28-2-1851, Fawkner paid Riddell 217 pounds for the (almost) 107 acres of section 6 south west of Bulla Rd and Riddell paid Fawkner L 63/16/3 for the (almost) 64 acres of section 7 north east of the road.




SECTIONS 6, 7 AND 15.

Copyright Melway Publishing Pty. Ltd. Reproduced from Melway Ed. 27 with permission.


This map shows Fawkners subdivision of sections 6 and 7 south-west of Bulla Rd and Riddells north east of it. The location of the Beech Tree Inn on John Beechs purchase is indicated by a dot. The lane starting at the north west corner of Beechs land became known as Andersons Lane and the one starting between lots 7 and 8 was Conders Lane. Tullamarine State School 2613 was at the south west corner of lot 8. Fergusons purchase, labelled Stewart on the airport acquisitions map*, was actually 46 acres but a very old clerical error (reversing the digits) led the McNabs to believe that the rent and rates they were paying on 64 acres was justified.


See J.P.Fawkners subdivision s/w of Bulla Rd and J.C.Riddells subdivision n/e of Bulla Rd (superimposed on Melway map 5) on the next page.

On 28-2-1851, Fawkner paid Riddell 217 pounds for the (almost) 107 acres of section 6 south west of Bulla Rd and Riddell paid Fawkner L 63/16/3 for the (almost) 64 acres of section 7 north east of the road.

SECTIONS 6, 7 AND 15.

Copyright Melway Publishing Pty. Ltd. Reproduced from Melway Ed. 27 with permission.

This map shows Fawkners subdivision of sections 6 and 7 south-west of Bulla Rd and Riddells north east of it. The location of the Beech Tree Inn on John Beechs purchase is indicated by a dot. The lane starting at the north west corner of Beechs land became known as Andersons Lane and the one starting between lots 7 and 8 was Conders Lane. Tullamarine State School 2613 was at the south west corner of lot 8. Fergusons purchase, labelled Stewart on the airport acquisitions map*, was actually 46 acres but a very old clerical error (reversing the digits) led the McNabs to believe that the rent and rates they were paying on 64 acres was justified.

As much about the airport had changed between 1999 and 2007, I will provide new indicators for the north west and south west corners of Section 7, parish of Tullamarine (and Fawkner's subdivision.)

NORTH WEST CORNER of section 7. In Melway 5 B6, extend the line of Grants Rd west past Airside Rd to a spot above the A in Air (in Aust. Air Express). Make the western boundary by lightly drawing a line from this spot to gate 22 in 5 A10. Gate 22 is just south of the south west corner.

SOUTH WEST CORNER of section 7. Extend the north boundary of Trade Park in Melway 5 G-H11 (dotted blue line, formerly Post Office Lane) to a line joining the north west corner and gate 22.

PURCHASERS ON FAWKNER'S SUBDIVISION OF SECTIONS 6 AND 7.
SECTION 7. (Lot No; Purchaser; Document; location on Melway.)
18(and,apparently 19). David Beckinsale. North west corner with a 140 metre frontage east along Grants Rd to a road leading south which may have been called Spiers Lane. This road went south 280 metres(from the point where Service Rd and Grants Rd now meet) where it met an east west road at the north boundary of Menzies Cargo. David's eastern boundary then resumed 40 metres east along the latter road and was another north-south road that continued to gate 23 on the border of 5 A and B 10.David's south east corner was the top of the C in RESTRICTED AREA (5 B8.)


17, 16, 15, 14, 13. Henry Landlands. The rest of the Grants Lane frontage to Ellis's Corner ( the Bulla Rd corner, in Melway 5 D6.) The start of Grants Rd between Ellis's corner and Centre Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive for the benefit of motorists. These lots are bisected by Francis Briggs Drive. The southern boundary is the northern boundary of MENZIES CARGO extended towards Melrose Drive*, the east-west road referred to earlier.
(*The eastern 280 metres of this road bent about 15 degrees to the north from the eastern border of 5 C7.Apac Drive only extended east to halfway across 5 C7 in 1999 and it is likely that it now meets Melrose Dr at the corner of Landlands' land. It is likely that this was the 101 acre property owned by Spiers, Vaughan and Bill Ellis (who called it "Ecclesfield".)

AS OUTLINED IN COMMENT 1, I WILL NOW DEAL WITH THE BLOCKS BETWEEN THE WESTERN BOUNDARY OF SECTION 7, HEADING TO GATE 22 AND THE ROAD LEADING TO GATE 23.
20 (and, apparently 21).Charles James Watts.The north east corner is indicated by the west end of Apac Drive.The southern boundary is just below the westernmost six red arrows in 5 B8.
22. Joseph Allen. From Watts' southern boundary, three quarters of the way south to taxiway W in 5,parts A and B 8.
23. Timothy Francis. Taxiway W runs across its northern third and the southern boundary was where the (white) north western corner of the Qantas maintenance area touches the boundary between 5 A and B9.
24 and 25. Benjamin Bates. Includes the large Qantas (green) buildings with gates 22 and 23 being the south west and south east boundaries.

NOW BACK TO MELWAY 5 B7.
62 and 63. Mary Ann Vaughan. Northern boundary is that of Menzies Cargo taken east to the eastern boundary, which is the western boundary of Melbourne Gateway Facility. The east-west part of Airside Rd is its southern boundary.
64. J.Murphy. Melbourne Gateway Facility in 5 C7. The eastern boundary (and part of the southern) can be seen on Melway, a faint dotted line. I am prepared to bet that this was the pioneer at Diggers Rest in 1888, whose biography was in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.I think his first name was John.

63, 12, 11. Richard Hartnett. Fronts Melrose Drive from the Apac Drive corner to the north west boundary of the airport staff car park in parts 5 D-E 7-8.The western boundary is the dotted line referred to as Murphy'seastern boundary. The southern boundary is a continuation east of Murphy's to the centre of the bottom of D7 where it bends to meet Melrose Drive at a right angle.

10, 9, 8. John Parker. Fronts Melrose Drive including the Airport Staff car park, the taxi holding area and LPG refuelling and carwash; Continues south to the Link Rd corner. From this corner, Parker's southern boundary,Conders Lane, ran (magnetic) west through the subdivision to meet the road which ran north from gate 23. Parker's purchase became part of James Love's dairy and the land for State School 2613 was bought from Love.

WE HAVE REACHED THE EAST BOUNDARY OF SECTION 7. BEFORE RESUMING AT LOTS 61, 60 AND 59, I WOULD LIKE TO SAY HOW HISTORICALLY INSENSITIVE ARE THE NAMES OF MERCER DRIVE (5 F7, D8) AND LINK RD (5 E9-10.) I presume these names were bestowed by the same boffins who destroyed Anthony Rowhead's bicentennial project to name airport roads after indigenous, European and aviation pioneers. Mercer Drive should be named after the Nash family and Link Rd should be named after the Parr family. Not one descendant of a pioneering Tullamarine family would disagree with this. Victoria St (of which Mercer Drive is a part) was named after the young Queen but every local called it Nash's Lane. Link Rd runs (on the section 7 and 6 boundary) through Sam Parr's "The Elms" to Bill Parr's "Annandale",just as the Oaklands Hunt used to do.

61, 60, 59.Mary Ann Vaughan. Like her lots 62 and 63 to the north, this purchase has a frontage on the eastern side of the road that runs from Menzies Cargo to gate 23. The northern boundary is the top of the pink area (to what used to be Perimeter Rd) in 5 B-C7.(Perimeter Rd is shown in the 1999 Melway.) Conders Lane,the southern boundary, was just north of taxiway W and can be shown by extending the east-west boundary of the pink area (at the top of 5 D9)to Melrose Drive and west to touch the intersection of the entry to the Qantas maintenance area and taxiway W. The boundary with lot 58 goes from the bend (south of the Melbourne Gateway Facility)in the pink area's boundary to the middle of the bottom of 5 C8.

58. Frederick Plumridge. East of Mary Ann Vaughan's lot 59. North east corner is at the junction of C and D 7 and 8. Fronts the north side of Conders Lane.

57 and 56. E?.M.Dyne. Left half of 5 D8. Bisected from north west to south east corners by border of yellow and pink areas.

55. M.J.McCulla. Triangular block in east side of 5 D8 and part E8,the north eastern boundary being parallel with Melrose Drive. Between Lot 55 and Melrose Drive were John Parker's lots 10,9 and 8 which were discussed earlier.
CONDERS LANE LEFT BULLA RD (MEROSE DRIVE)AT THE LINK RD CORNER AND ANDERSON'S LANE WAS OPPOSITE WRIGHT'S LANE (LATER HEAPS' LANE AND NOW SPRINGBANK ST), ALSO RUNNING (MAGNETIC)WEST TO THE LANE LEADING TO GATE 23. BETWEEN THESE SOME PROPERTIES FRONTED BOTH LANES AND THEY WILL BE SO DESCRIBED. (Anderson's Lane was at a right angle to Bulla Rd before turning west at the back of the Airport Club.)

47, 48, 45, 46. Edmund Parker. 5 B9. Fronts the three lanes.
49 and 44. D? Carroll. (Volume M folio 482), 20 acres 2 roods. Fronts both lanes. West half of 5 C9.
50,51. C.C.Horrett. (Volume M folio 722.) Top half of 5 C-D9 including part of South Centre and Cargo Rds.Fronts Conders Lane.
52, 53, 54,7. John Gibbs*. (Volume 32 folio 433.) Top half of 5 D-E9 east of Cargo Rd. Fronts Conders Lane.
43,42, 41. H.W.Cass. (Volume M folio 505.)Fronts Andersons Lane. 5 C-D 9 (bottom half), 10 (top third).
40-39. John Gibbs*. (Volume 32 folio 433.) Fronts Anderson's Lane. Gate 27 was near its south west corner and it went east three quarters of the way to Link Rd where Gibbs' two purchases adjoined "The Elms".

THE FOLLOWING LOTS WERE BETWEEN ANDERSON'S LANE AND THE SECTION 3 AND 7 BOUNDARY, POST OFFICE LANE (THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF TRADE PARK, EXTENDED EAST TO MEET THE NORTH SOUTH LANE AT GATE 23.)
26-28,part 29. John Ferguson.(Volume M folio 620.) 41 acres.Top half 5 B-C10.The reason it was only part of lot 29 was that the east half of the parking area north of building 48 was reserved as a waterhole. The waterhole and a lane leading to it from Andersons Lane would have consisted of 5 acres making a total of 46 acres,which was recorded in Keilor rate books as 64 acres for almost a century and only corrected during airport acquisitions circa 1960.
30. Name not recorded on my Melway because of insufficient space and I no longer have my notes.. (Volume M folio 157.) 10 acres. Roundabout at the Operations/Sth Centre Rd is the middle of the south boundary and gate 26 is the north west corner.
31, 32. George Scarlett. Bottom half of 5 D10.
33, 34, 35. Benjamin Bates. Bottom half of 5 E10. Lot 35 was actually in section 6.

SECTION 6.
THERE WERE ONLY THREE PROPERTIES IN THE SMALL PART OF SECTION 6 THAT WAS ON THE SOUTH WEST SIDE OF BULLA RD.
5, 6, 38. I was so excited to find the boundaries of "The Elms"that I forgot to write the purchaser on my Melway.It might have been Ann Parr, the widowed mother of James Henry and grandmother of Cr Bill and Sam. Link Rd runs through The Elms following the section 7/6 boundary as it turns south. Probably about a quarter of the 31 acres would be in section 7.The southern boundary is the east -west part of Anderson's Lane. Surrounds Bengrey's block.
Lot 4? George Bengrey. The Airport Club. North Corner of Anderson's Lane.
36. John Beech. (Volume M folio 481, purchased 1-5-1851.)Melrose Drive frontage between the Airport Club and Trade Park with a western boundary halfway between Link Rd and the proposed Airport Drive Extension.John built the Beech Tree Inn opposite the north west corner of Tullamarine Reserve. (See my journal about hotels near Tullamarine.)



LOCATION OF SECTION 10 PURCHASES AND NAMES/LOCATIONS FOR SECTIONS 13, 6 AND 7 WILL BE ADDED SOON.

COBURG -I HAVE NO DETAILS ABOUT THIS GRANT.CAN'T EVEN GET A JIKA JIKA MAP ONLINE.

BOX FOREST.RATE INFORMATION MAY BE IN MY DICTIONARY HISTORY IN THE HADFIELD ENTRY.

CROWN ALLOTMENT 22C,PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA. NO TITLES INFORMATION AVAILABLE. RATES INFORMATION WILL BE PASTED FROM MY EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.


4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER'S PASCOEVALE, VIC., AUST.

I had hopes of proving or disproving that Pascoe Villa, Pascoevale,which William Smith advertised for sale in the latish 1860's, shortly after the death of his wife (see my WILLIAM SMITH journal), had been his ORIGINAL Young Queen Inn. As usual when I am unable to solve such puzzles, I had a local history dream, in which, as always, I was reading an article. It was written by Edward Butler, great grandson of Edward Butler who built* the Young Queen Inn at Pascoeville.

(* P.16-17,BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.(In 1839) "Lot number three,of 1.5 acres on the left hand side of the main road not far over the creek, was bought for L 24/9/6 by J.W.Shaw, who---promptly disposed of it to Edward Butler for L44. Butler built-as the title deed expresses it-'a large house and tenement' named the Young Queen Inn in honour of Queen Victoria in the third year of her reign.......(In 1840?)Edward Butler took advantage of the boom by disposing of his property to John Watson for L1300. Watson unloaded it towards the end of the boom,in December, 1842,to the unsuspecting William Smith of St Kilda for L1700. Smith had no one to sell it to but he persevered with the inn for the next twenty-nine years.")

Having had many local history dreams involving trove, I didn't immediately rush to my computer as I once would have. I googled "Edward Butler, Young Queen"(1840-1849) and, blow me down, Edward Butler was running the Young Queen Inn during the 1840's, IN LAUNCESTON, where Fawkner had run the Duke of Cornwall.Whether he was of the prominent Tasmanian legal family has not been discovered.

Keeping the decade limit, I searched for "young queen,pascoevale" and due to trove's quirky ways, this journal's title changed from THE YOUNG QUEEN,PASCOEVALE to PASCOEVALE.


PASCOEVALE.

Pascoevale.-Among the other disasters attendant upon the flood, is the carrying away of the bridge across the Moonee Moonee Ponds at Pascoevale, and the consequent stoppage of communication with the city in vehicles
of any description by that road. Major Firebrace, J. P., who lives in the immediate vicinity, has
brought the matter officially under the consideration of tho Government.(P.2, Argus, 4-12-1849.)

1855
On 1 November, Catholic school 269 opens on the north corner of Glass St. (now Napier Cres.) and Pascoe Vale Rd. (which was known as Ashurst and Firebrace Streets at that time). It closed on 31-11-1874, and the iron schoolhouse, which had also served for worship, was moved to form the first St. Monica's. (VR, St Monica's History, EH)(Annals of Strathmore and Surrounding Areas.)

Major Firebrace was an early squatter in the Bulla area with his home station on the site of the Oaklands Hunt Club's "Sherwood" (Melway 178 C5.)SOURCE: probably D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's THE OAKLANDS HUNT but possibly BULLA BULLA by I.W.Symonds,or THE SHIRE THAT TOOK OFF by Grant Aldous, whose manuscript was probably rejected by the shire because of the tale about George Evans leaving a pistol on the table to remind Big Clarke to keep his hands off the young mistress of Emu Bottom.

Macedon (Deep Creek/Bulla)road had been surveyed in 1847 according to a descendant of E.E.Kenny of Camp Hill but was not yet THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS so Pascoe Vale Rd was probably the route that Firebrace took to Melbourne.


YOUNG QUEEN was deleted from the search terms at this stage but of course still appeared in many of the results. The Port Phillip District was allocated places in the New South Wales parliament but as representatives were not paid and would have to frequently be in Sydney,there was a ground-swell for separation. One of the three Keilor souvenirs has an article called THE PORT PHILLIP FARCE which involved J.F.L.Foster,with Lord Grey,the (Colonial Secretary? in England) being nominated. Little Johnny Fawkner had more to do with the separation movement than I had realised.

THE DISTRICT ELECTION.
* (From the Corio Chronicle)
On Friday, R. W. Pohlman, Esq.,Returning Officer, repaired to the hustings at Geelong, and proclaimed the
result of the voting in the several polling places, for the Electoral District of Port Phillip, to elect a representative in the room of James Williamson, Esq., resigned. The nomination of candidates took place on the 15th February, when the following candidates were put in nomination.William Macarthur*, Esq., of Camden ; John Pascoe Fawkner, Esq., of Pascoevale ; and (with a view to carry out the principle of non-representation)
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington,who was put in nomination by Mr.Fawkner himself.(P.4, Argus, 16-3-1849.)

(*This was probably the son of the merino breeder who followed Foster as acting governor until Hotham arrived.)

CHILD EXPLOITATION WAS THE ORDER OF THE DAY!
A lad named John Meyers, was brought before the Police Bench on Tuesday charged with absconding from the service of Mr.J. P. Fawkner, of Pascoevale. The lad was only eight years of age, and had been taken away by his parents. He was ordered back, and to pay all expenses. (P.4, Argus, 16-3-1849.)

NEIGHBOURING LANDOWNERS AT WAR.
The Moonee Ponds Creek formed the boundary between section 23 Doutta Galla (south west) and John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park in the parish of Jika Jika (north east), from Marks St near the Pascoe Vale bridge to the southern boundary of the Kingsford-Smith Ulm Reserve. Whether Major St John actually lived on "St John's" (as Harry Stevenson's portion of the former was still called circa 1920 when the Aero Club established their "St John's Field" aerodrome) is unknown, but this neighbourly dispute was not about a fence or the creek.

When I first read a report of the libel case about twenty years ago,Fawkner had been found guilty but fined some paltry amount indicating that his action had been considered just, but St John must have appealed the decision, and had the fine raised to 95 pounds. A "St John v Fawkner" trove search will supply the trial reports. Fawkner applied to Latrobe for the fine to be paid by Government and the refusal was criticised by The Argus.
BRIBERY AND CORRUPTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 5 December 1848 p 2 Article
... Sir, Your most obedient servant, C. J. LA TROBE. Mr. J. P. Fawkner, Pascoevale. The Government ... 842 words

PASCOEVILLE TO PASCOEVALE.
Observing that all the 1840-1849 results (most of them William Smith advertisements about the refurbished Young Queen,the swept away bridge being replaced and the connection to the new Sydney road -see CLIFFORDS RD journal) were from 1849, I suspected that the locality's name had recently changed so I changed my search to Pascoeville.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney 11th September,1849.
ROADS:
WITH reference to the Government notice of date 13th April, 1848, relative to opening of certain Parish Roads in the District of Port Phillip, and to that described as No. 3 therein, namely :-The Old Sydney or Pascoe
ville
Road leading from Mount Macedon* Road to the New Sydney Road : notice is hereby given (etc.)
(Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 11th September, 1849. ROADS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 September 1849 p 1 Article.)


(*Mt Macedon road is now Mt Alexander Rd with the Pascoeville road leaving it at Moonee Ponds Junction.)

There was only one more result for Pascoeville in the 1840's.
Horticultural Society. On Saturday last a meeting was held at the "Queen's Head Hotel," Queen-street, pursuant to public notice, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of forming a Horticultural Society in Melbourne, embracing in its operation the entire Province. Mr. J. P. Fawkner, of
Pascoeville, was called to the chair, and that gentleman addressed the meeting at considerable length in favor of the proposed institution,pointing out the utility of such societies in causing a praiseworthy emulation among gardeners, and others employed in the culture of our fine soil. (P.2, Argus, 28-11-1848.)


Was this because of faulty digitisation? Did Pascoeville persist into the 1850's? What was the original name for the locality? Delete the limit of only articles from The Argus.
Ah ha!
The Argus had previously been The Melbourne Argus. The name change had come between AUG and November, 1848.

Most of the Melbourne Argus results concerned the proclamation of parish roads as mentioned above (where Pascoe Vale Rd was wrongly called No.3, unless the digitisation was wrong.)
e.g.Colonial Secretary's Office,
Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
ROADS.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. :
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road,from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
Parish.
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road,(plans etc.)
(P.1, The Melbourne Argus,30-6-1848.)

THOSE ROADS TODAY.
1. Present Flemington Rd,Mt Alexander Rd,Wirraway Rd, Bulla Rd, Melrose Drive, and, from Melway 177 F9, Sunbury Rd.
2. Keilor Rd. Keilor was a gaelic word (whose meaning was given in one of the Keilor souvenirs) for the run of Hunter and Watson, who must have pronounced it as most un-pedantic people do instead of Kee-law. (*I can check it in my dictionary history if requested.) Because of the gold rush, Keilor road became known as Mt Alexander Rd and retained the name into the 1900's.
3. This was Oaklands Rd. Ann Greene was granted a square mile (section 4, Bulla) at the north west corner of Somerton and Oaklands Rd and Taylor section 9,also of 640 acres, a mile further north and across the road. This was later part of the estate of Glenara's Walter Clark who called it Dunalister after his son of M.V.R.C. and black rose fame; it is now called Balbethan.
4.Pascoe Vale Rd.


SALE of LAND.--Mr. W. H. Mortimer sold by auction on Wednesday last, on the ground, at Pascoeville, sixteen allotments, forming in all one acre and a half at £65. The sale was but thinly attended, owing to the boisterous state of the weather. (Port Phillip News.The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) Thursday 13 August 1840 Edition: MORNING p 3 Article.)

In the Insolvent Estate of John Pascoe Fawkner,of Pascoeville, in the District of Port Phillip.
NOTICE is hereby given that an account and plan of distribution of available assets in the estate of John Pascoe Fawkner, of Pascoeville, the above named insolvent, now lies at the Office of the Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for the District of Port Phillip, at the Supreme Court House, La Trobe-street, Melbourne, for the inspection (etc.) (The Melbourne Argus (Vic. : 1846 - 1848) Friday 25 December 1846 p 2 Article.)

Fawkner sold off the Belle Vue land between Pascoe Vale Rd and Northumberland Rd, a large part of which fronting Gaffney St was purchased by Henry George Ashurst* (after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was originally named) who leased it out to such as John Kernan who settled there in 1856 and called it Merai Farm. Fawkner could not be dispossessed of the rest of Belle Vue Park because he put it in his wife's name**.

*COAL. On Mr. Ashhurt's property at Pascoeville, the men employed sinking a well near that gentleman's house have come to a vein of coal eighty feet from the surface ; the vein is three feet thick, and samples of the coal have been brought to town and found to be of excellent quality ;such a discovery we need not say is of the
utmost importance to our province. Herald.(Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Saturday 30 July 1842 Edition: MORNING p 8 Article.)

** John Stephen further adds that he is informed and believes that I reside beyond the distance of seven miles; this is a fact which he could have easily tested; equivocation will not do on this point, all I say on the
subject is, that my farm is on the five-mile line from Melbourne, as laid down by the surveyors, and the five-mile land reserved to be sold at an enhanced price joins the corner of my land, or my wife' s land at
Pascoeville. (P.7. Launceston Examiner,1-3-1843.) John Stephen had probably challenged Fawkner's entitlement to stand for public office because of his sentence to hard yakka at Coal River and being outside the residential limit.

BHURR STONE.- Bhurr Stone which, for the purpose of constructing mill-stones, is of the greatest importance, is abundantly found in the neighbourhood of Melbourne, On the banks of the Saltwater River, near' Maine's and Dobson's quarry*, as well as at Pascoeville, on the east side of the valley, it exists in large
quantities, which were discovered about four years ago.(etc.) (P.2,Geelong Advertiser, 18-4-1844.)

The Niddrie quarry,now a residential area, was near the north west corner of J.P.Main's grant,section 12 Doutta Galla. Probably a lot of the metal used by George Holmes to make the road to "Keila" came from Main's Estate.

PASCOEVILLE ROAD IS BETTER!
Carriers between Melbourne and Seymour complain of the heavy state of the roads, especially that via Pentridge; on the other hand the Pascoeville or Young Queen road is in comparatively good condition, arising from the limited traffic thereupon, the former being somewhat shorter. This hint is worthy of note by parties having business upon the line. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus, 15-8-1848.)

CATTLE STEALING.- Pat Connerty, keeper of the town herd, and John McManus, butcher,were placed at the bar of the Police Court,on Tuesday morning last, charged with having received stolen cattle, the property of Mr.
Francis William Cobb*, of Pascoeville, who stated that be had lost, on Tuesday, the 15th instant, seven head of cattle from his station,(etc.)
(The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Thursday 7 April 1842 p 4 Article.)
Although he was not mentioned by Andrew Lemon, I'm sure I saw Cobb's name in the 1863 Broadmeadows assessments.
*HE MAY HAVE BEEN FAWKNER'S BROTHER IN LAW! (See below.)

Edward Butler did run the Young Queen.I had wondered about that.

Prisoners of the Crown. On Saturday morning Mr Butler, of Pascoeville, was fined 20(s.?) for permitting a prisoner of the crown to drink on his premises. (The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Saturday 23 January 1841 p 2 Article.)

HOW DID PASCOEVILLE BECOME OAK PARK?
The fruit and forest trees imported from England in 1839 and planted at Pascoeville, have grown very luxuriantly.The forest trees,; as horse chestnut, oak, maple, lime, sycamore, acatia, alder,walnut, and edible Chesnut (which last is showing blossom) have made wonderful growths.
(Geelong Advertiser and Squatters' Advocate (Vic. : 1845 - 1847) Saturday 8 November 1845 p 3 Article.)

Joseph English bought Fawkner's remaining portion following the death of Eliza (nee Cobb*) Fawkner's widow, and enlarged or replaced Fawkner's homestead. The Morgan and Knight (related) families were involved and I have just spotted Pine Avenue which might indicate the location of Fred Morgan's "The Pines".Later Hutchinson, owner of a flour mill at Glenroy,bought the property and renamed it Oak Park.

Oak Park Reserve - Victorian Heritage Database
vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/places/result_detail/59161?print=true‎
Remnant trees on the site, including an oak, cypresses and peppercorn trees, have been estimated to date from Fawkner's residency. The park's close proximity ...

Fawkner was no great lover of native vegetation and the document recording his lease of portion of the property to his father in 1841 states that the lessee: "shall and will fell cut down grub up and otherwise destroy and remove all the native indigenous trees wood scrub and underwood whatsoever growing or to grow upon the said land or any part thereof except fruit trees or such trees as are or shall be marked...for ornamental hedgerows or boundary marks." (P.17 BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

P.W.Welsh who handled sales of village blocks for Fawkner "inferred that Fawkner's planting of orchard, gardens and nurseries was in someway a village work (instead of being part of his private farm,which it was): etc."
(P.17 BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

I wonder if the following trees had been intended for "village works" and Fawkner changed his mind in order to get a certificate of discharge on his insolvency.Apart from a variety of fruit trees, they included:

Forest Trees, of two sorts, Oak and Maple; these trees were also imported from England, at great cost and risk, and at severe loss, only about twenty remain on sale. As these trees will only be taken from the ground upon the order of the buyer, they may ensure their good state, and as they will not be liable to damage by sea water, or the saline deposition incident to a sea voyage, and as every care will be taken to preserve the roots as perfect as possible, parties buying will find these cheaper even than those sold by auction, for there they
must pay for them, faulty or good.Orders will be received at my residence, in Flinders Lane by Mr E. Vernon, Grocer; or at the Orchard, Pascoevale, by Mr Wm. Martin. Trees ordered and paid for will be delivered in town (on Saturdays only ) free of expense to the purchaser.
(P.4, Geelong Advertiser and Squatters' Advocate, 16-5-1846.)

PASCOE VALE.
The earliest use of Pascoe Vale in family notices was in 1854 in the death notice of a pioneer who had settled in Victoria in 1803.

WHAT'S THAT ITELLYA, HAVE YOU GONE STARK RAVING MAD? DOES THE YEAR 1835 MEAN ANYTHING TO YOU? EVEN THE HENTYS WERE WAY AFTER 1803. HANG ON,DO YOU MEAN THE SORRENTO SETTLEMENT?

DIED.
On the 24th inst., at Pascoe Vale, John Fawkner, Esq., in his 84th year, father of J. P. Fawkner,Esq., M.L.C.
P.4, Argus,25-9-1854.)

JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER, CHAMPION OF THE YOEMAN FARMER.

WE WANT LAND!
Just think,this letter was written at Pascoe Vale.

THE BEST WAY TO ESTABLISH A COLONIAL YEOMANRY.
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1847 - 1851) Tuesday 21 August 1849 Edition: MORNING p 1 Article.


My time researching in the Titles Office showed me how much land was in the hands of a very small number of people. Many of the gold miners had been farmers, a large number of them having been tenant farmers in Ireland. They did not have the money to buy the large crown allotments that became available when parishes had been surveyed. In the parish of Will Will Rook,north of J.P.Fawkner's Belle Vue grant a huge area of land was bought by speculators, Hughes and Hosking, and later became part of the Kennedy estate.Much land in the parishes of Tullamarine and Bulla was alienated in square mile blocks.

Later land acts tried to prevent big landowners from obtaining so much land in grants but the use of dummies, and possibly loopholes enabled James Hearn, W.A.Blair, Charles Gavan Duffy, James Ford, James Purves, the Cains and Professor Hearn to buy huge tracts of land between Balcombe Creek's mouth and Portsea on the Mornington Peninsula for example.

Former squatter he may have been, but John Pascoe Fawkner had a great affection for yoeman farmers. He made a plea to the government to help them obtain freeholds in 1839, and a decade later he was sick and tired of the lack of action. You must read the letter. When Townships were established, suburban blocks were provided,but often multiple blocks were snapped up by such as Frederick Dawes Wickham at Horseshoe Bend near Keilor and William Allison Blair at Rye.

The only real efforts to establish closer settlement that came from Government were caused by the 1890's depression and the aftermath of war. The first effort was probably an attempt to remove beggars from the city (as one does before the Olympic Games are conducted!) Village settlements gave these people a chance to be self-sufficient and to pay off their land on easy terms.

After world war 1 an obligation to servicemen led to the establishment of soldier settlements in many areas.
By the 1930 depression the government probably decided it was easier to put the unemployed on susso projects such as Coburg Lake and the Great Ocean Road.Father Tucker's village settlement at Carrum Downs is discussed in my GORDON BOYINGTON journal.

However it was mainly the death of big landowners and the burden of death duties that caused many big landowners, such as Sir Rupert Clarke of Rupertswood and the family of William Taylor of Overnewton at Keilor, to ask the Crown to resume their huge estates. The Closer Settlement Acts circa 1900 finally achieved what John Pascoe Fawkner started in 1850, shortly after he wrote the letter,at the top of today's Oak Park Court;to give people the chance to buy their own small farms, not because they were out of a job or they had served King and Country but as a right.

Tulip Wright (section 3 Bulla) and Charles Gavan Duffy (the Irish Land Rights hero) did subdivide their grant fairly early but I doubt that their motives were as pure as good old J.P.F.,THE CHAMPION OF THE YOEMAN FARMER AND CLOSER SETTLEMENT.

Details of the many pieces of land bought by J.P.Fawkner on behalf of his co-operative members are given in several other of my journals.

JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA, 1852.

As I no longer have notes or maps, this journal comes entirely from memory.It is prompted by a McCracken search on Trove, the National Library of Australia's digitised collection of newspapers, and an article headed NORTH BOURKE on page 5 of the Argus of 20-1-1852. (Apologies. The date should read 20-12-1852.) In short, the article is about a meeting of electors resolving to ask John Thomas Smith to vacate his seat as a member of the legislative council for North Bourke.The intention of my journal is to give detail of most of the people involved.

SMITH.
J.T.Smith, seven times Mayor of Melbourne,arrived from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission for the aborigines on the Botanical Gardens site. He soon became a businessman and received grants for land at Green Gully near Keilor in the parish of Maribyrnong; North Essendon,and Kensington (including the State School site) in the parish of Doutta Galla and what became the Ranelagh Estate, Mt Eliza, at the north west corner of the parish of Moorooduc.
At the time of this meeting, he was probably living in Melbourne,possibly in the oldest surviving house in Melbourne, photographed by the wonderful MUZZA OF McCRAE. He later built Ascot House in Fenton St Ascot Vale. In the early 1860's, he was a foundation member of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and became one of the three M.L.C.'s for West Bourke. He was accused of bribing voters with inducements such as oranges that he grew; his orchard was probably near Cranwell St, North Essendon not far east from the Irish Dr Harbinson's orange grove (Melway 16 E12.)The Fitzroy Historical Society website states that he was also an alderman in that area.His portrait can be seen on the internet. Edward Wilson, editor of the Argus, constantly criticised J.T.Smith.(Sources: The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous;parish maps; Keilor Centenary Souvenir 1950? eMelbourne past and present website under Mayoralty etc.)

MCDOUGALL.
Robert McDougall's biography must have been in Victoria and Its Metropolis for me to know so much of his movements. I believe he spent 10 years on Glenroy, which seems to have been divided into three farms: from Camp Rd, heading south, Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm and Glenroy Farm. Glenroy farm extended south to Rhodes Pde. John Kerr much later purchased the other two farms and built Glenroy House or Kerrsland which still stands as part of Penola College. Glenroy was so named by the Camerons, the original squatters, and they were still on Glenroy at this time as well so it is not clear which parts Mc Dougall and the Camerons had.
Robert McDougall later leased the Aitken Estate (section 8 Doutta Galla and possibly part of section 7 as described in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal) before moving into his newly- built "Arundel" mansion (Melway 4,G11) in about 1872.Unfortunately the Arundel mansion was ruined by Robinson's "fenestrations" circa 1950.
Robert was a foremost proponent of the Booth breed of Shorthorn cattle; as a result Harry Peck, in "Memoirs of a Stockman", stated that he and his neighbour, Harry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (Melway 15 K and 16 A 8-10)were bitter enemies, the latter being an advocate of the Bates strain. Ironically, Murray River steamer owner, McCulloch, who followed John Cochrane on Glenroy Farm, was also a prominent breeder of shorthorns.
You might well ask how McDougall and Stevenson could be neighbours. The answer is that they had other adjoining land on St John's grant (23 Doutta Galla), Stevenson near Strathmore Heights and McDougall near Strathmore North, both properties extending south into Essendon Aerodrome, which was originally called St John's Field.
The McDougalls also bought Warlaby, section 11 of the parish of Bulla Bulla (Melway 384 J8.)They probably owned it by 1888 when the first meeting of the Oaklands Hunt followed a trail from Warlaby laid by Farquhar McRae (not McCrae but possibly related)who was in charge of the hunters on "Glenara". "Warlaby",640 acres or a square mile, extended north to a western extension of Craigieburn Rd, which separated it from the Brannigans' St Johns. Due east of Warlaby was "Oaklands" which gave Oaklands Rd its name and north of that farm was Harpdale whose beautiful homestead (circa 1992) still bore the Brodie name set in tiles.
Warlaby was the home of Robert McDougall's son, Alexander (Sandy) who married Sandy Smith's daughter and moved to Western Australia in the early 1900's. Sandy Smith owned a mansion, Coilsfield, which was demolished to build the Essendon Hospital; he had earlier farmed near the Aitken Estate. (Sources:Victoria and Its Metropolis; Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" Andrew Lemon; Keilor rates; "The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous; Doutta galla parish map, Bulla rates and parish map, Bob Blackwell re farm names; "The Oaklands Hunt" D.F.Cameron-Kennedy; "Bulla Bulla" I.W.Symonds; various essendon histories; videotaped visit to Jack Simmie's Harpsdale; "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb; K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis on Arundel.)

PARDON MY IGNORANCE!
Some people whose names were included in the article lived outside my area of research, which started as Tullamarine, but expanded rapidly due to Bob Blackwell and George and Syd Lloyd. These surnames are Budd, Kyle, Guthrie and Reynolds. I have seen the name Guthrie and "Glengyle" which ring a bell but not very loudly. If I remember correctly, Reynolds was mentioned by Richard Broome in "Between Two Creeks", the history of Coburg. The names of Reynolds Pde and Reynard St, near Coonan's Hill may have been connected to this pioneer. Incidentally, Pentridge was the original name for Coburg and was changed during a royal visit in (1869?) to honour the Royal name Saxe-Coburg, which was changed to Windsor due to anti-German sentiment during W.W.1. Many families of German ancestry anglicised their surnames during W.W.1, such as the Groenberger family that was running the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine (SOURCE:Gordon Connor, whose testimony, like that of Colin Williams' also 99 at the time, can be taken as GOSPEL.)
POSTSCRIPT-GUTHRIE. I had a dim recollection of seeing the name, Guthrie, in relation to the Bulla area (Glenn & Guthrie?) and near Keilor Village. A search on trove revealed that Alexander (and J.) Guthrie had a farm called Glengyle, one mile from Keilor.They were living there in 1851.
I had a dim connection in my brain of Guthrie with Thomas Bertram and it proved to be correct. The Argus of 15-4-1854 reported on page 4 that Elizabeth, the second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell of Scotland had died at the residence of Thomas Bertram Esquire, Glengyle, near Keilor.
The ford over Deep Creek, on Arundel Rd, which provided access to Keilor Village (where the Mansfields drowned in 1906 because the partly built Arundel bridge had been swept away) was known to all as Bertram's Ford.The ramp leading to the ford can still be seen between the house on the Browns Rd corner and the river(Melway 14 H2.)
Section 1 of the parish of Tullamarine was granted to R.H.Bunbury in 1842 but K.B.Keeley believed he was a dummy bidder for Colin Campbell who was the owner from 1843 until 1851 when he sold it to Donald Cameron. Two parts of "Arundel were sold off before Argus editor, Edward Wilson bought it in 1854; farms that were later known as Ellengower (or Ellengowen, I could not decipher the Keilor rate collector's writing) and Turner's. Was Colin Campbell a brother of Elizabeth Campbell and Thomas Bertram's wife?
Either of these farms could have been Glengyle. Ellengower was the Browns Rd area and the ramp passed through it, making the naming of the ford a foregone conclusion if Bertram had owned it. Turner's, later bought by the McNabs of Oakbank, (as was the land at Melway 4 B11)is situated between the east-west section of McNabs Rd and the river (4 D-F 12.) The decision on which was Glengyle rests on the description of Glengyle being one mile from Keilor. Bertram's Ford was about a mile from Keilor while Turner's was at least 2 1/2 miles.Therefore Glengyle, occupied by the Guthries and Bertrams, would have been in the horseshoe bend bisected by Browns Rd (Melway 14 G2.)
My suspicion of a connection with the Bulla area also proved to be correct so I'll go one step further and suggest that there was some sort of connection between the Guthries and Peter Young of Nairn, who will be discussed later. Alexander Guthrie Young, a colonist of 52 years died in 1891 at the age of 59.
(The Argus 9-12-1891 p.1) Alexander Guthrie obviously moved from Glengyle to the Bulla area. Mrs Alexander Guthrie gave birth to a son at Bulla Bulla, Deep Creek on 1-5-1859.(A.3-5-1859 p.4.)
Alexander Guthrie died at Togarf, Sunbury at the age of 70 on 27-11-1880. (A. 29-11-1880 P.1 and 8.) Togarf was obviously a farm and his widow, Ann, exhibited her Ayrshires with success at many shows. She died at Murtoa at the age of 80. (A. 27-9-1901 p.1.)
Postscript. Having obtained a map of Bulla Bulla parish, I can state that A& J. Guthrie's grants, issued in October of the years stated, consisted of section 14 (1852,503 acres), 22, part 4 (1854,135 acres 3 roods 10 perches) and 23 part 2 (1854, 384 acres 37 perches.) As I no longer have my Bulla rates transcriptions, I have no idea whether his farm (Togarf)remained this size.These grants were in the area shown on Melway map 383. I would imagine that they had been squatters before alienation and that section 14 was the homestead block and pre-emptive right. Section 14 was bounded by Southern Plains Rd, the line of Gellies Rd continued south almost to Emu Creek, and this creek on the south and west. A now-closed road, leaving Sunbury Rd opposite the east boundary of Craig and O' Grady's grant (Shepherds Lane), crossed Emu Creek in the east side of 383 D7, and travelled through the grant to the west end of Southern Plains Rd. This would have to be the private road to Daameeli; this property is on Richard Brodie's grant, 24(1). This road was the eastern boundary of 23 (2) and Emu Creek was the eastern boundary of 22 (4). The former fronted Sunbury Rd, the latter Gellies Rd and both Lancefield Rd.The tributary shown in Melway 383 B-D7 was about 100 metres (5mm on the map)north of the boundary between the two allotments.
Finally, although my memory is not too hot about what you say to Jan if things don't seem fair, it is pretty reliable concerning local history. I stated earlier that I had vague memories of seeing "Glenn and Guthrie" somewhere. Joseph Dubois returned my material yesterday and while looking for something else I found it!
In the Annals of Tullamarine (a large part of "Tullamarine: Before The Jetport").
1863. (After mentioning that James Sharp was leasing 40 acres of Chandos from J.C.Riddell and was to move to Hillside four years later.)Broadmeadows' rate records list the following Tullamarine residents east of Bulla Rd from the present bridge to Nash's Lane:
H.J.Brown and Glenn & Guthrie (Camp Hill), E.Dunn (Viewpoint), J.Maconochie (Stewarton)Love and Sharp as above, C &J.Nash (Fairview), W.Wright (Sunnyside), R.Beaman (Broombank), J.Foster, T.Anderson, R.Mitchell, T.Wright, P.Kettle, J.Gawley, J.Wright, J.Hendry (store, later P.O. too), C.Evans (shop.)

One last thing. Applications for occupation licences were invited on page 1 of The Argus of 11-6-1847.The various parcels of land were numbered but no location was given other than parishes. Alexander Guthrie had leased 640 acres in Will Will Rook for the previous two years. I checked the parish map on the internet, but there were no dates for the issue of grants. Then I remembered that Joseph had returned my material. According to "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" only two grants were not issued in 1838. They were sections 5 and 2. Alexander Gibb purchased section 5 in 1848 after leasing the 640 acres for some time (Page 20) so Alexander could only have been leasing Box Forest, granted to John Pascoe Fawkner in 1850 (on behalf of his co-operative.) This square mile, bounded by the Northern Golf Club, Hilton St/ Box Forest Rd, the cemetery and Boundary Rd is now named after a Broadmeadows Shire Councillor, circa 1927, Cr Rupert Hadfield.



PETER YOUNG.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon mentioned George Langhorne conducting Free Presbyterian services at Peter Young's Nairn and how the United Presbyterians had caused problems. Andrew's source was obviously Peter Young's letter published on page 4 of The Argus of 19-2-1851.
Here are the headlines about Peter Young. He was a very proud Scot with a good knowledge of the "land o' cakes" and a love of poetry. He was on the front foot when situations needed correcting. He was a stalwart of the Free Presbyterians and a member of the Order of Oddfellows, working hard to advance the former and defending the latter group from unjustified criticism. Above all he was an expert farmer, and I mean an EXPERT. He seems to have moved to Clyde Park, Westernport before his death.

As I have the Bulla Bulla map now I'll tell you about Nairn before I detail the trove articles. See Melway map 384. Peter Young received the grant for Section 8 (a square mile/ 640 acres) on 26-11-1848. He added the 130 acre 7B on the other side of St John's Lane on 18-9-1851. (St John's lane led to the Brannigans' "St John's Hill", not heaven!) The William Inglis and Son thoroughbred horse sales complex is in the south east corner of section 8 and the end of the public section of St Johns Rd indicates its north western corner. Allotment B of section 7 is between St Johns Rd and Deep Creek; the southern boundary was the now closed road in C-E 12 and the northern boundary is indicated by 110 St Johns Rd.

TROVE- A CHRONOLOGY.
While reading Isaac Batey's fascinating historical articles in the Sunbury newspaper, I half-noticed his reference to a Mr Young being ( a squatter?) near Essendon in the early days (probably 1847.)This could have been Peter Young. I will start with an advertisement that Peter placed in The Argus (as I thought, soon after arriving), which outlines his past.He was actually in Victoria by 1842!
All items are from The Argus unless otherwise specified: 1846-8 was the Melbourne Argus.

24-9-1847 page 2. Peter announced that he was setting up as an auctioneer and commission agent. He said that he had been land steward for the Marquis of Breadalbane (in Scotland), an experimental farmer and land steward for A. Speirs, the M.P. for Richmond (Tasmania), superintendent of the Government Domain farm in Van Dieman's Land and latterly superintendent of J. and W. Macarthur's stations. Peter must have arrived in Melbourne by 1846 or very early 1847. A letter he wrote to the Port Phillip Gazette was republished in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12-6-1847 page 4.) There had been an outbreak of black leg in young cattle near Port Fairy,to which no solution had been found,and Peter wrote from the Crown Hotel outlining his method that had worked so successfully in New South Wales in the winter of 1837. He had been in charge of 8000 cattle and the sudden death of cattle 20 miles away was put down to snake bites until Peter arrived and diagnosed black leg after dissecting a carcass.

27-1-1847 page 1-2. Peter made a toast at the Robbie Burns Festival that was a virtual history of Scotland and occupied 4 1/2 columns of The Argus.

28-5-1847 page 2. SEYMOUR. Preparations are being made for the sale to be conducted by Mr Peter Young on the 24th. This was to be the first ever in the township.Peter was auctioning well before the advertisement appeared.

1-6-1847 page 2. An excited report of the sale was given. The correspondent told of Peter's plans for regular sales.

3-8-1847 page 2. A DANGEROUS NUISANCE. At the close of business at the Police Office on Saturday, Mr Peter Young informed the Mayor of the cattle, horses, pigs and goats in Latrobe St West and no constable ever being seen to control this. The Chief Constable, who had earlier ignored Peter's complaints, was huffy but the Mayor instructed him to send two constables and impound these animals.

30-11-1847. The Seymour correspondent understood that Peter had intended to conduct quarterly sale but none (bar the first) had come off yet.

20-4-1849 page 4. Peter complained that he hadn't been getting his Argus or Patriot.He was now on Nairn.

19-4-1850 page 3, column 4. FOR SALE. Seed wheat and potatoes of a very superior quality grown from seed of last year's crop at Warrnambool. On sale by the undersigned, Peter Young, Nairn, Deep Creek.

27-4-1850 page 2. BIRTH. At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla on the 25th, Mrs Peter Young of a daughter.

8-1-1851 page 2.(Original correspondence to the Mt Macedon paper.) Peter said that up until the end of 1850 mail had been picked up at Mr Wright's Bridge Inn but the mail run to Mt Macedon now went through Keilor. (This is of interest because it seems that Tulip Wright did start the Lincolnshire Hotel's construction during 1851. Donohue applied for the Bridge Inn licence in 1851 but his application was postponed because of the filthy state of the Bridge Inn. (See THE HOTELS NEAR TULLAMARINE journal.) It may have been because Tulip had left, abandoning his hotel, that the route was changed.)Peter complained that 500 residents near Bulla now had to pick up their mail from Melbourne or Gisborne, stating that only about 5 people lived on the new route between Keilor and The Gap. (He was talking about William Taylor of Overnewton, James Robertson of Upper Keilor,possibly the Page Brothers of Glencoe-I'll have to ask Isaac Batey if they were still there; their drinking might have seen them off by 1851, and one or two others.) P.S. Edward Page advertised the homestead block in 1859. (The Argus 27-6-1859 page 2, column 2.)


10-2-1851 page 2. Peter hasn't given up. He now accuses two magistrates of using undue influence to change the mail run. One magistrate was certainly William Taylor; I'm not sure if Robertson was a J.P. too. His son, James, was and another son, Francis, was a member of parliament.

19-2-1851 page 4.Peter wrote a letter about Langhorne teaching Sunday School at theschoolhouse on Nairn on Sunday mornings and conducting Free Presbyterian services in the afternoon and how the United Presbyterians
were interfering with their fund-raising for a church for Broadmeadows and Deep Creek (Westmeadows and Bulla.)
"Vision and Realisation", the Victorian Education Department history of 1972, mentioned an early school on the McDougalls' "Warlaby" (probably named Oaklands) in a declivity; this may have been a mistaken reference to Peter's school unless another was built on Warlaby later. My memory from reading the book 20 years ago is dim but I think it mentioned two schools with different National School numbers.

31-5-1851 page 2. Another farming problem had arisen, smut in wheat. As everyone would know, when crops are affected, prices rise. Think bananas! Due to his innovative ideas and experience, Peter had worked out a solution and he could have cashed in big-time. He had put down 140 acres of wheat at Nairn the previous year and not one head of smutted wheat had grown due to his treatment of the grain before planting that he had developed 17 years earlier. Peter was not going to keep this a secret and let his colleague suffer. Could you imagine Coles giving Woolworths a helping hand?

25-6-1852. Peter wrote a letter headed "To Improve Crops by Pollen" which showed that he had a thorough grasp of the history of the development of the various types of wheat.

11-8-1852 page 6.Peter Young of Nairn requested permission from those who had donated money for the church in the parish of Bulla (not enough to proceed) to hand it over to the National School, whose establishment had been resolved at a meeting he'd recently chaired.

The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) 3-11-1852 page 722 (no kidding!) As Peter McCracken , the President of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was absent (due to the drowning of his young son, William, in the Moonee Ponds Creek near the bottom of Pascoe St, Westmeadows; see McCracken below), Peter Young of Nairn took the chair, filling it most capably, at the function to honour David Duncan's service to the organisation. (See the WILLIAM THOMPSON AND DAVID DUNCAN journal.)

6-3-1868 page 2. Evan McIntosh was holding a clearing sale at Nairn, his lease having expired. Peter may have moved to Westernport but he also could have been conducting a business in Melbourne.

6-5-1895 page 1. H.W.Shepherd married Susan, the daughter of the late Mr Peter Young Esquire of Melbourne and Clyde Park, Westernport.

While trove is a fantastic resource, it does not distinguish between the surname Young and the opposite of old, which led to many wasted hours. I did not find any other family notices or references to Clyde Park, Westernport apart from the 1895 marriage of his daughter.

I tried googling YOUNG with CLYDE, BERWICK and WESTERNPORT, the last named combination reminding me of a discovery I made at the P.R.O.V. (See SQUATTERS IN THE WESTERNPORT DISTRICT journal.)

A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the early 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at the Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)

Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.

The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.Ah hah, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.

Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.

Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)

Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.

Joseph Clarke of "Goolpala", Saltwater River (Probably the future "Rupertswood")might have bought all of Peter's property north of Melbourne.The Argus of 16-9-1865 reported, on page 2, the sale of the late Joseph's estate: lot 1. Nairn; lot 2.About 9 acres of portions 29 and 30 Doutta Galla near the racecourse (the future showgrounds site near Clarke Ave, Melway 28 F11); lots 3-9. original allotments in the Township of Seymour. N.B. Clarke may have bought the showgrounds land from the grantee, Pearson, who had sold 4 acres to John and David Charles Ricketts in 1851.

The advertisement states that Nairn was split into two farms, leased by Mr McIntosh (300 acres) and Mr Millar (450 acres.) Part of Nairn was to become William Michie's "Cairnbrae". It also stated that Peter had framed the economy of Nairn upon sure principles and described the orchards and so on. In 1860, W.C.Howie had been on Nairn and placed a notice about a black pig that had strayed into his paddock (The Argus 30-6-1860 page 8, last column.)

As we know that Peter was an auctioneer, he may have been a partner of the firm of Young and Timbury,which advertised the sale of the cargo of a ship in The Argus of 18-5-1860 (page 2, bottom of column 4.)
A George Young, from Tasmania was a pioneer near Dromana and might have been related to Peter. (See "A Dreamtime of Dromana".)Peter was certainly not related to Frankston pioneer, Mark Young, who was a Roman Catholic.
As Clyde is near Berwick, J.Young and James Grant Young (Argus 11-7-1883 page 5 and 10-10-1867 page 6 column 3) may have been related, although Mark Young was involved in the Dandenong area before moving to Frankston and they might have been related to him instead.

McCRACKEN.
Peter McCracken farmed on Stewarton from 1846 until 1855.This was the 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens between the Forman St and Lackenheath Dr. corners and extending to the Moonee Ponds Creek, which formed the eastern boundary.I have just spent two hours looking for the death notice of Peter's three year old son, William, in 1852, which I read last night but cannot now find! However, an indication of this death is found on page 722 of The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) of 3-11-1852.

One of the extracts from Melbourne papers was THE FARMERS' SOCIETY. The article concerns a presentation of a silver service to MR DAVID DUNCAN OF THOMPSON AND DUNCAN, CORNFACTORS, BOURKE ST, MELBOURNE. (David had been treasurer of the body since its inception.See David Duncan and William Thompson journal.)As the President, Peter McCracken of Stewarton, was absent due to a severe domestic calamity , Peter Young of Nairn took the chair.

Young William had walked with his siblings part of the way to school (at the two year old St Paul's Church of England in Broadmeadows Township at Melway 6 B7.) They would have crossed at the bottom of Pascoe St, where there was later a bridge according to Sid Lloyd, until it was swept away in a flood and required entry to Jim Barrow's Gladstone via Forman St.Young William probably slipped into the creek on the way home. (Extracts from The McCracken Letters provided by Deidre Farfor.)

Peter then had a dairy farm at Kensington, on allotments 19 and 18 of section 2, Doutta Galla, leased from John Robert Murphy, the grantee, from 1855 until 1863.This land lay between Kensington Rd and a line near Tennyson St (Melway 42 K4.)Peter suffered the loss of all his haystacks in 1861 and struggled through 1862 because the grass was poor and the hay expensive. After he had moved to "Ardmillan", his mansion at present 33-39 Ardmillan Rd, and ended his lease on the Kensington land, pork butcher, Samuel Cox, leased the old dairy and from 1874 to 1882 William Samuel Cox ran his Kensington Park Racecourse; when Kensington Park was subdivided, W.S.Cox started a new course on Feehan's farm, where it still stands, extended onto Long John Mooney's grant, and then to Wilson Rd.
(The McCracken Letters, P.5 "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb, "Ardmillan" Ray Gibb re address of the mansion.)

Optimistic reports of the Melbourne and Essendon Railway's meeting appeared on page 6 of the 30-8-1859 issue of The Argus. Directors appointed were George Holmes, Hugh Glass, J. Dinwoodie, C.Bradshaw, J.C.King, Peter McCracken and E.B.Wight. I think Holmes, a major contractor, who was building this line, was the man after whom Holmes Rd in Moonee Ponds West was named. Hugh Glass of Flemington House was a neighbour of Peter's brother, Robert and, with the McCrackens and Robertsons, owned most of the railway's route. Dinwoodie held a mortgage on the Aitken Estate at one time, the Bradshaws owned land at Hawstead and between Epsom and Union Rds, and Edward Byam Wight owned "The Ridge" across present Kensington Rd from Peter McCracken's dairy and the "Temperance Township" triangle mentioned in relation to the Bradshaws.(Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla- titles and parish map, The Stopover That Stayed.)

Peter is known to have been on Ardmillan by 1860; on page 4 of The Argus of 24-4-1860, appeared the death notice of John, the fourth son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan near Essendon, who had died of croup at the age of 2 years and 7 months.The railway opened at about that time but by 1864 it had to close because of insufficient patronage. No doubt James McConnell had sold his grants at Kensington and Moonee Ponds (bisected by Puckle St)at a good profit but the majority shareholders such as Glass and Peter suffered heavy losses. The former died from an "accidental overdose" and Peter lost Ardmillan.

He'd sold the part east of the railway to Taylor and by 1874, the rest of his estate had been sold, the homestead block to stock agent William Hudson and the western and northern portions to Edward Dale Puckle who sold subdivided land to such as Thomas Jennings Jnr, born in Melbourne in 1837.In a letter, Peter said that one consolation was that his new residence in Powlett St, East Melbourne was at least closer to work. And what was that? I'm going to make you wait.

Peter's brother, Robert, bought Ailsa from Captain Buckley; a letter from "Ardmillan" to Scotland indicates that this took place in April/May 1865, not in 1864 as stated by A.D.Pyke.The property was north of Kent St and went north to the Filson/South St midline. Glass had earlier purchased the Ascot Vale Rd frontage. In 1873, the Essendon Football Club commenced and played on the Ailsa paddock; it is claimed that the club had to move to another ground because the V.F.A. demanded a fenced ground in 1877, but it is more likely that the club moved to the East Melbourne Ground in 1875.John Filson lodged a subdivision plan for the paddock in 1875, naming the main streets after himself and his wife (nee Harding.)

Why didn't the club play at Windy Hill? Most football teams had formed from cricket clubs but Essendon was mainly composed of horse lovers. As most of the councillors were cricket lovers, they refused the "Same Olds" use of the ground. Later the council made the ground available to a V.F.A. club, Essendon Town (later known as Essendon A),which experienced great success in about 1910 when the great Dave McNamara was place kicking goals from 80 yards out and kicked the first century ever.A decade later many of their stars transferred to North Melbourne and the club folded. At last the ground was made available to the V.F.L. club "the Same Olds" which adopted the Bombers as a nick-name when aeroplane manufacturing no longer relied on aeroplane dope.

Ailsa was demolished when the house and a small portion of the land was sold to the Catholic Church. The new buildings functioned as a convent and college/university for a great length of time and recently became a Scientology centre.

The Mar Lodge Estate, adjoining Hoffman's Butzbach (later Croft's Buckley Park)was inherited by Francis Robertson of Upper Keilor, whose brother, James, inherited Upper Keilor and "Spring Hill" which became Aberfeldie. Francis, a bachelor and member of Parliament 1860-1864 and 1868-1886, built the 43 square homestead in 1863. He died at 1 p.m. on 11-3-1886 and the McCrackens bought MarLodge in 1888 according to the Essendon Conservation Study.

Coiler and Alexander McCracken sold 3 acres to the Government on 27-11-1910 for 1000 pounds; this was the original small portion of the Essendon High School site. Gordon Connor, one of the school's early pupils recalled cows grazing right to the high school fence. This continued for almost a decade until Mar Lodge was subdivided in 1919. There would have been no need to mow the grass because, on 7-1-1919,fire destroyed 150 acres of grassland owned by the late Alexander McCracken and tenanted by F.Flanagan.

Before continuing, I had better mention a bit about the McCracken family. It hailed from Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire, Scotland. Peter, Robert and Alexander Earle were three brothers involved in the Essendon area and there was apparently a sister, Grace, who married Alexander McGeoch, spirit merchant and died at the residence of her brother, Robert McCracken (The Argus 20-4-1859 p.4.)

Alexander Earle McCracken returned to Scotland in 1857 due to the ill health of his wife Jane. This reminds me of an error that I need to fix in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal. I stated that Jane had mentioned Thomas Millar's funeral but she had written about a grand festivity on "Miller's Farm"; another family member had written about the funeral.
Mar Lodge extended west from McCracken St to include all present Hedderwick St house blocks.Between there and Hoffmans Rd was Butzbach, granted to William Hoffman, a brick manufacturer. Alexander Earle McCracken was probably the first tenant on Butzbach and within ten months of the grant being issued had built stables with four stalls and a barn.In March 1851, he was building a house which was probably between Croft St and the bend in Price St (Melway 28 B2.)Alexander grew wheat (probably supplied to Barber and Young's flour mill on the Pipeworks Market site at Campbellfield) and the farm prospered but as mentioned earlier Alexander Earle and Jane returned home in 1857.

In a letter dated 14-4-1858, Robert told Alexander Earle that the McAuleys were now farming Butzbach. In the following year, the death occurred of nine year old Grace, the daughter of Mr Alexander Earle McCracken late of Butzback (sic), Saltwater River (The Argus 12-10-1859 p.6.) Not a good year for the McCrackens; little Grace had taken the same journey as her Auntie Grace and the optimism regarding the railway was to turn to heartache within a few years.

When Essendon F.C. started playing at Ailsa, Robert's 17 year old son, Alexander, a 17 year old Scotch College student, was its first secretary. Peter's son, Coiler or Collier, was the team's first captain. Alexander was to become the first President of the V.F.L. until shortly before his death in 1915. He was to become prominent in the Oaklands Hunt Club. He purchased "Cumberland" whose homestead ruins can still be seen at Melway 178 C12. After-hunt festivities were generally held at Cumberland, Alister Clark's "Glenara" or the Inverness Hotel until the club purchased "Sherwood". The Tullamarine community picnics, organised by its schoolteacher, Alec Rasmussen, were conducted on the 880 acre Cumberland, in 1909, 1910 and 1911. After Alexander's death, the Johnsons of "Glendewar" across the creek lived in its beautiful homestead but had to return to a humbler home when the Cumberland mansion was destroyed by fire.

Cumberland had a strong footy connection because of Alexander McCracken but also because of Thomas Wills, the grantee (of section 5 Will Will Rook?), an overlander, who was the uncle of Tom Wills, footy's creator, and Colden Harrison, codifier of the rules in 1866 and called the father of football.
("Running With The Ball" ? and A. Mancini.)

Cumberland was Alexander's country retreat but his real home was "North Park", now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodlands St, Essendon. His cousin, Peter's son, Coiler (obviously named after Coiler Robertson of La Rose) built Earlsbrae, which is now part of the Lowther Hall school. Coiler got into finncial difficulty and left for Bourke in New South Wales. (See "The Gold The Blue for extensive detail.)

COILER ROBERTSON, LA ROSE. See the journal about the 1847 Port Phillip Directory to find details about the "La Rose" Robertsons, the farm's location and two other Robertson families in the area.

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

JOHN TOWNSEND, DROMANA, VIC., AUST. : FIRST TO USE MOUTH TO MOUTH IN AUSTRALIA?

In 1954, James Elam was the first to demonstrate experimentally that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was a sound technique and, with Dr. Peter Safar, he demonstrated its superiority to previous methods. Peter Safar wrote the book ABC of resuscitation in 1957. In the United States, it was first promoted as a technique for the public to learn in the 1970s.
(Wikipedia.)

John Townsend(or perhaps his father) may have been one of the first people in Victoria to save a life using mouth to mouth resuscitation about 70 years before the technique was introduced in Australia.

In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear wrote the following about John Townsend.
P. 74. John Townsend (1840-1918) seems to have been a jack-of-all-trades. At one time he farmed where a Rosebud golf course is now situated on the slopes of Arthurs Seat. He also built houses and ran an early store in Dromana,in what had been George McLear's butchers shop. He lived on the (south)corner of Ligar and McCulloch Street opposite the State School,in what old-timers call Townsend's. The old house still stands. John is believed to have shot the last dingo on the Peninsula on the Anderson property (Barragunda)at Boneo (Cape Schanck).

John helped Simon,commonly called "Simon the Belgian" fence his land on the side of Arthurs Seat.

P.84.Charlie Dyson married a daughter of John Singleton and one of their children became Mrs John Townsend.(Does this tie in?)

P.120. John Townsend was one of the bondsmen for a loan of 300 pounds to build St Mark's Church of England in Dromana.

P. 126. An entry in George McLear's notebooks in 1880 advises that Townsend paid 35 pounds for the church....John Townsend was a man of many parts, among them a sometime builder. Perhaps he had a contract to re-erect the church...
(The above relates to the relocation of the Methodist Church from a site in Heales St to the Esplanade.)

MOUTH TO MOUTH.
Harold Wilson, eldest son of Mr and Mrs H. W. Wilson. of M'Culloch street, Dromana, had a very narrow escape from drowning last Saturday week. It appears the little fellow, in company with a small lad named Stanley Evans, was playing on the banks of a waterhole close to where Mr. Wilson is erecting his new slaughter house, and in some way he slipped into the hole, which had at least 5 feet of water in it. The other boy being un- able to render his unfortunate play mate any assistance, had the presence of mind to run down to where Mr Townsend and the Messrs Wilsons were at work, and informed them what had happened. They immediately hurried to the hole. Seeing no trace of the child, the father plunged in, and succeeded in bringing to the surface what he considered was the lifeless body of his son. However, Mr Townsend,who acted with judgment,was quickly at work, vigorously blowing his warm breath into the little fellow's lungs, until he slowly began to regain consciousness. Mr.G.M'Lear, who lives close to where the accident happened, was sent for, and rendered valuable assistance, but had it not been for the artificial respiration resorted to by Mr Townsend, it is doubtful whether the boy would have recovered.(P.5, Mornington Standard,10-12-1904.)

The wikipedia entry for Mouth to mouth resuscitation describes how it was developed in 1957 and was promoted in the U.S.A in the 1970's.

John Townsend's grants near Rosebud were crown allotments 31D and 31C,section B in the parish of Wannaeue. The former, consisting of 37 acres 1 rood 15 perches is bounded by Bayview/Old Cape Schank Rd,roughly the north-south part of Leura Crescent and Waterfall Gully Rd. The latter, of 100 acres and 2 perches adjoined it on the east and extended to the full length of Rosebud Avenue.(Melway 170 G 4-5.)

Early Horton Tasmania Settlers
and family from around the world
John Townsend

1865-1923

Gender: male
Birth: 1865 Dromana, Vic, Australia (More...)
Death: 1923 Melbourne, Vic, Australia (More...)
Parents

Father: John Townsend
Mother: Allison Mitchell
Family 1

Partner: Susannah Caroline Hanson (1864-1906)
Marriage: 1887 Dromana, Vic, Australia (More...)
Children

Elsie Townsend (1890-)
Jessie Allison Townsend (1892-)
Ellen Carolina Townsend (1893-)
John Leonard Townsend (1894-1951)
Arthur Gould Townsend (1899-)

It is possible that Susannah Caroline Hanson was a niece of Christian Hanson,who in 1887 was first assessed on one of William Hopcraft's grants in the parish of Balnarring on the east side of Tucks Rd at its northern end.
Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN makes it clear that she was not Christian's daughter. Her father or brother was possibly Charles Hanson,who with John Townsend was a member of an early dramatic company in Dromana, the Black Gulls. (Harry Wilson,probably the father of the boy saved by John Townsend, and George Townsend were also member.) The Townsends of Mornington may be related.

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG
SHIRE COUNCIL.
---------------
[Present, Crs Downward, (president), Baldry, Brown, Griffiths, Hurley, Wilson and Stanley.
REVISION COURT.
The Council sat as a Revision Court for the purpose of revising the voters' lists. The applications of T. M.
Dorley. and John A. Crichton were entertained. Those of Alfred P.Beecher and Charles Hanson, were disallowed.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-8-1892.)

EXCERPT FROM "Old Peninsula Days, Plays and Players"
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 21 February 1946 p 9 Article.

Mr. Harry Wilson. As a ? to these items was "Uncle Tom's Cabin in Five Minutes," the parts? in which were played by Mr. John Townsend (Simon Legree),Mr Chas. Hanson (Uncle Tom), and Mr Fred. Mellor (Little Eva).

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago

JOSEPH HARPER, WHEELWRIGHT, SPRINGS (near Keilor), VIC., AUST.

Joseph Harpen, the Springs
I was wondering if you have ever come across a Joseph Harpen of the Springs during your research? My great grandmother Catherine Guilfoyle was an Irish orphan assigned to him in 1849. In addition, Susan Guilfoyle was assigned to James Robertson of Portland in 1849. Do you know if he is connected to the James Robertson of La Rose?

Marcia, Ignore the first paragraph.
It's not much fun researching HARPEN on trove because most results are for happen, Harper and sharpen. I was going to link Harpen with Keilor or Doutta Galla but there seemed little prospect of getting a result, and based on one result and your mention of Portland,I entered Camperdown and Springs. There were probably scores of properties and places called Springs and it is possible that Joseph Harpen was at Springs near Camperdown.

Given that there were three totally unrelated James Robertsons within a few miles of Essendon (La Rose and Trinifour near Essendon; Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie; and Gowrie Park near Campbellfield), I would not even dare to suggest a relationship between Jimmy of Portland and the others. But you never know!

HANG ON, HANG ON, HANG ON!!!
What if the name of Catherine's employer in 1849 was Joseph HARPER? Joseph Harper was the wheelwright at the Springs in 1848 and 1849 and was up on a charge of dudding a servant. This does not mean that he was on the Foster estate stretching from Tullamarine to Keilor Park and if it did, there was no indication whether he was at the north end like David O'Nyall of the Lady of the Lake or on the road to Keilor.


For the delivery of the above mares and cattle, separately or conjointly to the under-signed, or Mr. Joseph Harper, Wheelwright at the Springs, the following rewards will be paid viz. :-£2 for the mare without foal and each of the three bullocks ; and 3 pounds, for the mare with foal.
WILLIAM O'NEIL,
Springs, Mount Macedon Road. September 19, 1848. (P.3, Argus, 26-9-1848.)

Mount Macedon Road doesn't help much to specify Harper's location because it was used to describe the road to Keilor and the one to Deep Creek (Bulla), and even Pascoe Vale Rd (the road to Sydney past the Young Queen Inn.) However William O'Neil is another matter.

A former policeman, called Gay Lothario in Angela Evans'"Keilor Pioneers: Dead men do tell Tales",William leased "Leslie Banks" from the Fosters for many years; Leslie Banks was across Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) from Springs, on the Maribyrnong River's banks, between the lines of Sharps Rd and Spence St. Soon after, the part of the Keilor Township in today's Horseshoe Bend Park was alienated in 20 acre lots, with lawyer F.D.Wickham securing most of them, but William O'Neil soon owned all of the horseshoe bend. This makes it likely that William O'Neil and Joseph Harper were operating on the road to Keilor rather than today's Melrose Drive.

It seems that Joseph Harper had moved to Kyneton by 1856.(P.5, Argus, 25-10-1856.)
He may have been an innkeeper at Woodend in 1852:
CAUTION.
LOST on the (I8th?) of November, between the Five Mile Creek, Mount Macedon, and Jackson's Creek, Two Cheques on the Union Bank of Australia. One on the 4th November, No 23, for £215/10 s. do. on tho 10th, No 43, for£215/15s; drawn in favor of Joseph Harper,innkeeper, of the Woods End Inn, Five Mile Creek. (etc.)
(Signed) JOSEPH HARPER. (P.8, Argus, 16-11-1852.)N.B. WOODS END looked like WEEDS BAD, due to a surplus of ink, so I hope my guess was right.

JOSEPH PORTA: the first manufacturer of bellows in Victoria, Australia.

Joseph Porta was of Italian origin but his family was resident in England, perhaps near Birmingham, and he emigrated to Victoria from there.By about 1861 he had received the grant (title from the Government) for Crown Allotment 63 Moorooduc near Somerville. Within a couple of years he became insolvent and became a cab driver in Mornington by 1866. In this year he was also making bellows, probably in Mornington. As the PORTAMOULDINGS company history explains, he established his Little Lonsdale St factory in Melbourne in 1868.
I have extensive information from Trove which I am willing to provide to people who have read the PORTAMOULDINGS website.Joseph's family was related by marriage to the Bennetts of Mornington.

1 comment(s), latest 2 months ago

JULIE ANTHONY (DON'T CALL HER BETTY), FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN SINGER, AND HISTORICAL FICTION.

My subconscious tries to help me by producing historical fiction in the form of dreams which are so believable because I am actually reading text during the dream and that text makes perfect sense because it agrees with what is stored in my memory. These local history dreams are a by-product of being a TROVE junkie. Not one of these dreams has proved to be true but strangely they always lead to a discovery that would never have been made without the dream. That is why I still get on the computer as soon as I wake up in the hope that the dream might be true,because it was such a great story; I know that even if it wasn't true,there'll be a consolation prize.

Last night's dream was that Julie Anthony had found the story of William John Ferrier,whom she called Australia's greatest hero,so fascinating that she planned to turn it into an historic novel. That made perfect sense. Julie Anthony had spent holidays at Rosebud where Ferrier had lived for about a decade after becoming a hero and the former soldier who took her, and the object of her affection, on fishing trips might have regaled them with the story of the 1905 hero while they waited for a bite. That much could be true,although there's no proof of the story being told to them by George Jarry. There is absolutely no proof that Julie Anthony wrote a book about Ferrier!

At least I can prove that Julie Anthony was a famous Australian singer.

Julie Anthony (singer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Julie Anthony
Birth name Julie Moncrief Lush
Born 24 August 1949 (age 64)
Lameroo, South Australia
Genres Jazz
Occupations Singer, entertainer
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1960s2000s
Associated acts The Seekers
Julie Moncrief Lush AM OBE (born 24 August 1949 in Lameroo, South Australia), better known as Julie Anthony, is an Australian soprano and entertainer. She sang the Australian National Anthem at the Opening Ceremony of the 2000 Sydney Olympics with Human Nature.

She has also sung with The Seekers, first taking the place of Judith Durham as the lead vocalist in the song "The Carnival Is Over" for the Closing Ceremony of Expo '88. Later, Anthony became a member of the group with Bruce Woodley, Athol Guy and Keith Potger.

Anthony starred in both the Australian and West End productions of Irene in the mid-1970s.

At midnight between 31 December 1987 and 1 January 1988, in celebration of the start of Australia's Bicentennial year, Anthony sang the Australian National Anthem "Advance Australia Fair" on the national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, which continued to show the recording of her performance at the close of broadcasting for many years afterwards, until the broadcaster introduced 24 hour broadcasting.

Anthony is among the most awarded of Australian entertainers. She was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) (1980)[1] and a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) (1989)[2] and has been voted by her peers as "Entertainer of the Year" three times and "Best Female vocalist" 11 times. She also appeared in commercials for St.George Bank from 1974 until 1999.

Artist Biography
b. Julie Moncrieff Anthony, 23 August 1951, Galga, South Australia. Anthony was born in Galga (population 15) and raised on the family farm. In her teens she began singing with a local band and in 1970 won an amateur television talent quest. Her victory and the first prize ($600 and a trip to Tasmania) led to regular appearances on the Adelaide Tonight Show. She moved to Sydney, making television appearances and performing on the club and cabaret circuit, and eventually embarking on international tours. An engagement at the Hong Kong Hilton in 1973 was followed by the lead role in the Australian production of Irene. Three years later she starred in the UK version at the Adelphi Theatre. The Play and Players of London honoured her with the Best Newcomer (Actress) award for 1976. She returned to Australian television and appeared in three national specials, and in the same year she married her manager Eddie Natt. In 1977 she won the Sammy and Penquin awards for Best Television Variety Performer. Tours of America followed and Anthony worked with Bill Cosby, Roy Clarke and Merv Griffin. In 1980 she was awarded an OBE for services to the entertainment industry. Three years later she accepted the role of Maria in The Sound Of Music; following a season in Sydney, the show successfully toured major and regional centres.

For the 1988 World Expo held in Brisbane, Anthony was invited to sing with the re-formed Seekers, joining the group as lead singer from 1988-89. In 1988 she sang the national anthem at the official opening of Australias new Parliament House. The same year she returned to the stage in I Do!, I Do! In 1990, she was awarded AM in the Order of Australia for services to the entertainment industry. In 1994, Anthony further demonstrated her versatility by teaming with jazz musician Don Burrows (reeds/flute) for tours, including a successful appearance at the Jazz and Blues Festival at the Gold Coast International Hotel in 1995. A year later she returned to cabaret with a season at the Tilbury Hotel in Sydney. In her extensive repertoire she demonstrated great conviction, whether singing Amazing Grace or material ranging from Stephen Sondheim to the Beatles. In June 1996 she accepted a cameo role as a band singer in the Bruce Beresford film Paradise Road, starring Glenn Close and Jean Simmons. Julie Anthony is one of the best and most durable theatre and variety performers in the post-war Australian entertainment industry. She has won the prestigious Mo Award for Entertainer Of The Year three times, and Best Female Variety Performer nine times. An admirable singer and engaging personality, she has successfully blended her career and family duties.

DID YOU SPOT THE DIFFERENCE?
Galga is a tiny farming settlement (that might or might not have a pub)which is 145.1 km from Lameroo,just under three hours away by car. Lameroo is obviously the regional centre so the birth may have been at its hospital or the birth may have been registered there. So the place of birth is not a problem. But the date of birth certainly is!


How did I know about George Jarry and the fishing trips at Rosebud? That was certainly not in any Julie Anthony biography.


EXTRACT FROM MY JOURNAL "ROSEBUD ROLL OF HONOUR,1914-1918."
It cost George (Jarry)ten bob a year to join the RSL at The Old Green Mill in Melbourne. He then took a soldier settlement farm at Willaura for 3 or 4 years before selling up and coming to Melbourne where he purchased an international truck and carted bricks for approximately 15 years. Moving to Rosebud in 1939 George spent the years of the Second World War cutting and carting wood for those in need and essential services. Later buying a 24 foot fishing boat the Georgie (named by a friend after the manageress of the local hotel at the time) George carried passengers on fishing trips up until his retirement in 1963 and it was during this time that he met Ed Natt who was to become the husband of Julie Anthony and when Julie was honoured on This Is Your Life in July 1978 George appeared as a guest.

This website has a photo of Julie with George on his 90th birthday.
(Peter (George Henry) Jarry 605
www.tunnellers.net/profiles___photos/jarry_peter_605.doc
For reasons unknown, when George Henry Jarry enlisted in the A.I.F. he used his ..... In 1939 he moved the family to Rosebud to a small holiday house he had built ... One of his fishing companions was Eddie Natt who married Julie Anthony.)

Historical fiction is supposed to be based on fact. Only one of the birth dates can be correct! So if anyone wanted to make a movie (historical fiction)about Julie, the correct birth date would be needed.

THE CORRECT BIRTH DATE FOR JULIE ANTHONY. THEY CALLED HER BETTY!
BIRTHS
LUSH. On August 24, at Lameroo Hospital, to Betty and Les a daughter (Betty Moncrieff). Thanks to Dr.Cock and hospital staff. (Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Thursday 1 September 1949 p 44 Family Notices.)

KEILOR COUNCIL HISTORY (VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.)

THE CITY OF KEILOR RATES FEW MENTIONS IN A GOOGLE SEARCH. IT WILL NOW.

"In July 1975, when Keilor Council was sacked, and an administrator appointed,it was the first council to get the axe in the 133 years of local government in Victoria. (COUNCIL SACKINGS MAY GAIN FAVOUR, P.9, The Age,23-3-1981.)

Keilor was first incorporated as a road district on 3 March 1863. It became a shire on 22 December 1871, and was proclaimed a city on 29 April 1961.[2] Its boundaries were relatively stable throughout its existence.
On 15 December 1994, the City of Keilor was abolished, and its area divided by the Maribyrnong River and the Albion-Jacana freight railway line; its eastern section was merged with the City of Essendon, to form the newly created City of Moonee Valley, while its western section was merged with parts of the City of Sunshine, including St Albans, to form the newly created City of Brimbank. Melbourne Airport and a small section of Tullamarine, north of Sharps Road, were transferred to the City of Hume.[3]

Wards
The City of Keilor was divided into three wards, each electing three councillors:
Doutta Galla-Tullamarine Ward
Maribyrnong Ward
Niddrie Ward

Suburbs

Airport West
Avondale Heights
Calder Park*
Essendon West
Kealba
Keilor
Keilor Downs
Keilor East
Keilor North
Keilor Park
Kings Park
Melbourne Airport (shared with the Shire of Bulla)
Niddrie
St Albans (shared with the City of Sunshine)
Sydenham
Taylors Lakes
Tullamarine
* Suburb gazetted since the amalgamation. (Wikipedia.)

The Keilor district celebrated three milestones and souvenirs were published for each, relying on anecdotes from old residents in 1950, but if my memory is correct,most of the 1961 and 1963 content was compiled by Garnet Price,the City Engineer, who obviously had a love for the area's history. Garnet had moved to Sunshine,I think, before the sacking, with Bill Carlyle now the City Engineer.

The celebrations were:
1950-Centenary of the proclamation of the Village of Keilor;
1961-Proclamation of the City of Keilor;
1863-Centenary of the municipality's beginnings as a Road Board.

I will start with the years before the sacking because I know that I will find plenty of information up to the 1950's on trove. You will find the following nowhere else.

The city's accountant was Charlie Nicholls, who with Cr Leo Dineen had been on the V.F.L. umpiring list and was one of the first council officers to whom Leo introduced me upon my election in 1974. His son, Matthew, is now a senior A.F.L. umpire and officiated in the 2013 grand final.

The Tullamarine Progress Association had good support from Keilor councillors,Leo Dineen attending almost every meeting and Cliff Harvie many times but not as regularly because he was a stalwart of the Tullamarine Youth Club held in the same esteem as Ken Boots,Dave Axon, Trev. and Val Mason etc., in the mind of those who knew. A year or two before the sacking, the members of the municipal employees' union involved in collecting garbage went on strike.

Residents forced out of tip [coming soon]
The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Monday 12 November 1973 p 3 Article
... hundreds of residents out of the Keilor tip yester day after locked gates were cut open by two councillors. The two councillors used bolt cutters to allow about 250 residents to dump rubbish on the tip. The striking men, mem bers of the Municipal Employees Union, made some people carry their rubbish ... 136 words

Bins were full to overflowing and full of maggots, surrounded by garbage bags torn open by dogs and also full of maggots. I rang the M.E.U. secretary,a Mr Cole,I think,and gained his permission to collect Tullamarine's rubbish and take it to the tip. With the support of Carol Wright and many other volunteers, and Dave Calder's truck,this was done. There was a situation when we arrived at the tip, but it was soon resolved and the stinky mess was dumped. Judging by the above article,other areas did not have the same luck. I would not know which councillors cut the chains. I hadn't read the article of course,not having the Canberra Times home-delivered!
(It would not surprise me if one of them was blind!)

My memory is slipping because I can only remember eleven of the councillors at the time of the sacking,it might have been JIM Allen. The Tullamarine ward was represented by Leo Dineen,Leo Tadgell and Ray Gibb, Doutta Galla Ward by Neil Heinze, Neville Free and Peter Horman, Niddrie Ward by Nancy and Peter Kirschner and Dom. Cavallo,the Mayor,and Maribyrnong by George Seitz,Eric Allen and ?. (That was the missing one, not Jim Allen, a former councillor after whom was named a reserve that still exists because I was not a wheeler-dealer despite Eric Allen's efforts to make me one. Politics!

J.H.ALLEN RESERVE.
TO BE CONTINUED when I finish farms near Tulla and William Smith.(KEILOR PARK REP., UNUSUAL SPLIT, KELLY V PRICE)

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 5 months ago

KEILOR HISTORICAL SOCIETY, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA (NEWSLETTER INDEX.)

On Saturday, 24-3-2012, I attended an open day at Harricks Cottage at Keilor. The invitation to attend had come after I had sent a request to the society for information about Bridget Madden of the Inverness Hotel who had been mentioned in Angela Evans' "Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales."

Harricks Cottage is a tribute to the leadership of Susan Jennison O.A.M., who has been President of Keilor Historical Society since 1990. This body was formed/reformed in 1989 and yours truly was elected as the foundation President. I was a researcher, not a meeting person, probably as a result of my brief tenure as a Keilor Councillor in 1974-5 which ended as a result of five other councillors and myself requesting Alan Hunt, Minister for Local Government, to sack the council. The Society meetings were an interruption to my research time and I must confess that I was a shocking leader. It was fortunate for the society that Susan Jennison took over.

Harrick's Cottage now sits amid a sea of huge industial estate buildings but as Susan managed to secure a large area of land, some sense of earlier tranquility remains. It is one of the few examples of ordinary early homesteads remaining anywhere near Melbourne. Unfortunately it is too small to be used as a museum but school groups often inspect the cottage as part of history excursions which include the history boards.

Harrick's Cottage is just one of the many projects achieved under Susan's leadership. The many history boards in the area recall much of its heritage, a lot of which had disappeared over the years. Susan managed to gain financial support from sponsors and Government bodies to preserve and recall the area's heritage. Much valuable research has been done by Joan Carstairs (St Albans Historical Society) and the Keilor Historical Society's first newsletter editor, Chris Lascowski.

I had the pleasure of meeting Dorothy Minkoff at the Open Day. She and Susan had curated the Law Enforcement During The Goldrush exhibition, the subject of the Open Day. It was the first time I had spoken to her since she had lent me a copy of her history of Ave Maria College in West Essendon. Apparently I had supplied her with some of my history, to which she said that she had often referred.

The reason that I undertook the trip up from Rosebud was twofold. I wanted to see the cottage which was a derelict wreck circa 1990 when I drove up Harricks Rd and came across Bernie McSweeney who told me about David Thompson and early aviators practising touch downs in the paddocks nearby. I also took a USB stick containing all my files (probably 4000 pages)relevant to the Keilor area. Christine Love, the Secretary (who lives at Melton and has no past association with Keilor but has a love of local history!) returned the favour with a couple of publications and a CD of Keilor Historical Society newsletters.

This CD is available from the society. I intend to write a series of journals containing and expanding on information in some of the newsletters. Each of the journals will have a surname list. This journal will consist of the subjects mentioned in each newsletter on the CD.

KEILOR HISTORICAL SOCIETY NEWSLETTERS.
JUNE 1990. Caroline Chisholm, 1868 Postal Directory, history panel project, site fixed for Keilor Village.

JULY 1990. The Keane murder, Keilor Cemetery original trustees and first burial, the Pastor's Prayer (possibly concerning the Harricks.)

AUGUST 1990. Concert in 1888, Mrs Jane Goudie's Keilor Hotel, the Keane murder, 19th century hygiene.
SEPTEMBER 1990. Fire (Rootsey, Toohey), coaches 1855,Keane murder, Victorian Gazeteer 1865 (description of Keilor), the Racecourse Hotel.

OCTOBER 1990. The Keane murder, shooting accident (Moak), Keilor notes Feb.1889, Caroline Chisholm shelter sheds.

NOVEMBER 1990.Plans to build replica of Chisholm shelter shed on original site, nine members of Yates family attend dance and they will help to clarify history of the Racecourse Hotel, history panels cost $2400 each and eight have been sponsored so far, Keane murder, (Victorian) Centenary tree planting by Keilor Shire 1934, sale of North Pole Inn (( west cnr Milleara Rd!)1859, rations 1855, Mrs Corcoran's store 1889, Keilor Police Station 1853-1873.

FEBRUARY 1991. Description of Keilor in 1888 (Irrigation etc; his "friend" was David Yates.) Cahill was on Gumm's Corner (later Borrells') and Goudie on Keilor Binn Farm, later renamed Brimbank by his daughter, Mrs Dodd.

MARCH 1991. Essendon Gazette advertisements 1891 (Anglers' Hotel, Maribyrnong; McGrath's racecourse Hotel and royal mail, Dodd's dairy in St James St, Moonee Ponds; E.Hassed storekeeper and butcher), opening of the Arundel bridge, 1863 Road Board minutes, the Mansfield drowning. Two points of interest are that the Dodds had renamed Oakley Park as The Oaks and that the Mansfields would have been crossing the Arundel bridge rather than Bertrams Ford if the partly built bridge had not been swept away by the huge 1906 flood, ruining the original contractor.

APRIL/MAY 1991. St Augustine's, Keilor. The original trustee was Owen Connor, not O'Connor.He received the grants to most of the suburban allotments that made up Keilor Binn Farm (the part of Brimbank Park north of the e-w transmission line.)Owen Connor and Patrick Phelan were spirit merchants who lost heavily in land speculation. Patrick was tossed off Spring Park but had shrewdly put another block into a trust for his daughter who married William Connor if my memory is correct. Owen lost Keilor Binn Farm to Hugh Glass (from whom Goudie probably bought it) and returned to Ireland but William and Sarah Connor resided at Franklyn Farm until they died. The farm's name was strange given that it derived from Henry Eldridge's Sir John Franklin Hotel which stood at the east corner of Collinson St (Survey map and titles information.) One of the most entertaining pieces of history that I have ever read is a letter from Owen Connor (in Ireland) that is reproduced in Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES. The spelling of the words is exactly as he would have pronounced them, I tink!

JUNE 1991. Oliver-Seuling wedding with a list of guests and their presents.It is possible that the bridesgroom was from the east riding of the shire of Melton (west of Sydenham)where Oliver and Bubeck families lived. Vera Bubeck was a bridesmaid and cousin of the bride. There was quite a German vigneron presence near Vineyard Rd west of Sunbury in early days. The Seulings were also related through marriage to the Dodds.

JULY 1991. Keilor Road (Sydenham) history and 1868 residents, the robbery at Crawford Harvie's Union Hotel there.

AUGUST 1991. A short history of Keilor found in the ashes of Elsie Ross's home. The history is quite accurate but some corrections or clarifications are needed. Sheep farming was certainly the specialty on Taylor's Overnewton but the McNabs were breeders of prize Ayrshire cattle and dairy farmers. They may have engaged in sheep farming on their closer settlement block between the Calder Highway and the river where Oakbank Rd is located.The original Church of England and school fronted the south side of Mt Alexander Rd between Bonfield St and the river.
The school was later relocated further up Bonfield St and then onto David Yate's racecourse. A new church was built in Church St (present heritage site) circa 1877.
As shown in the first issue of the newsletter Keilor was proclaimed a township in 1850, this being the reason for the Centenary Celebrations of 1950. There was no council before the formation of the Roads Board in 1863,recalled by another celebration and souvenir in 1963.(The third celebration and souvenir, in 1961, was in regard to the proclamation of the City of Keilor.)
The destruction of Elsie's home is in a later issue if my memory is correct.

SEPTEMBER 1991. Electricity comes to Keilor 1935, suggestion of night council meetings causes mirth in 1928, McNab, Grant, Cahill, Delahey, Milburn biographies from Victoria and Its Metropolis.

OCTOBER 1991. The Robertson family. The page of scribbled notes headed Spring Park came, without doubt, from Deidre Farfor, a descendant of James Robertson who provided much information to me about the often confused Robertson families that are the subject of one of my journals. James Collier, who is mentioned, bought the northern part of the Niddrie Quarry site on section 12 Doutta Galla (Main's Estate.) Although I did not intend to include much detail in this journal, I will paste details from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA here.
LOT 12? COLLIERS FARM.
James Collier bought the remaining 45* acres 2 roods 3 perches from the Bears on 14-2-1849 for 87 pounds cash. (*Called 55 acres in the Bear index but the memorial, which must have been written with poor quality ink, does say forty five.) Id be willing to bet my last dollar that this was lot 12. It was north of Coxs land and covered the rest of the quarry site (to a latitude indicated by the northern boundary of the Peter Kirchner Reserve east of the creek). Colliers index reveals that he also had land on 6C (bisected by Puckle St/Holmes Rd). Another memorial concerns 39 acres in Doutta Galla (perhaps the land on 6C). Other memorials are:
K 750. 14-10-1850. Equitable Mortgage of 45 acres 2 roods 3 perches commencing 67 chains from the s/w corner of section 12 and extending 1406 links to the northern boundary of section 12. Charles Payne paid 35 pounds to James Collier.
236 954. 27-8-1860. Equitable Mortgage of the same land to secure to Margaret Harriss the repayment of 160 pounds she had lent to James Collier. I have been unable to determine whether Collier was able to repay the money or forfeited the land. However, this mortgage has helped to locate a farm mentioned by Angela Evans in Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales. Lawrence Kelly seems to have settled in Keilor by 1861. (Keilors ratebook of 1868 shows that he was leasing 18C of 163 acres from J.P.Bear.) By 1875, according to the above book, he was also renting 48 acres at Spring Gully from Margaret Harris. This would seem to indicate that Collier did lose his block if Margaret Harris still had ownership 15 years later.
The acreage of Colliers Farm does seem to have been 45 83/160 acres. It is likely that Patrick Joseph Corcoran was leasing it in 1900-1 (part lot 0 section 12, 46 acres). Colliers Farm was described as 46 acres when the late Alexander Smiths land west of Spring Gully was advertised for sale on 13-3-1916.
N.B. The entry for Colliers Farm in Sam Merrifields House Names Index edited by Lenore Frost, is wrong. The farm described is actually Smiths Norwood. (See section 9.)
376 185. James Colliers will of 26-1-1866 left all his (unspecified) estate to his daughter Mary, subject to an annual payment to James Colliers wife Margaret. James died on 15-12-1868. These details were recorded much later on 13-8-1892 (376 185) and Mary was Mrs Amiss. The arrangements resulted from a marriage settlement between Mary and John Haines Amiss (soon to marry Mary) and the executors, James Jenning and John Cunningham, on 28-7-1879.

Practically every farm from Sharps Rd to the Maribyrnong River, south of Buckley St, had Spring in its name. The Fosters called their property between Sharps Rd and Spence St "Springs", Phelan had Spring Park and Springfield adjoined it on the west side of Steele's Creek (Spring Gully), James Wilson's (later James Anderson's) farm on the west side of Hoffmans Rd was Spring Bank and James Robertson Senior called his farm south of Buckley St "Spring Farm". James Robertson Junior built a house on the last property following his mother's death and called it Aberfeldie. His brother Francis built, named and died in the Marlodge homestead; Mar Lodge included all McCracken St house blocks.Coiler McCracken married James Robertson Junior's daughter.

NOVEMBER 1991.Extract from the 1856 electoral roll.Cavenagh should be Cavanagh. Colier should be Collier. Gerrite should be Geraghty. Harvie Crawford should be Crawford Harvie (of Sydenham). Heldrige should be Eldridge. Dr Charles Kent actually lived in Arabin St, Keilor Village (Nov., Dec. 1992 newsletter.) James Laverty's Harvest Home Hotel was actually in Moonee Ponds, roughly between Hinkins St and Mt Alexander Rd, but he had land in Mains estate west of Steele's Creek fronting the north side of Rosehill Rd. O'Connor should be Connor as explained earlier.

DECEMBER 1991. Description, by Mrs Clinton, of nature and children's pursuits in the Keilor area that another whose origin was in Keilor (Donald McDonald, Argus nature journalist)would have been proud to have written. An article about fishing at Horseshoe Bend. It is interesting that Mrs Joyce Clinton, who grew up in Braybrook, knew Solomon's Ford as Clancy's Ford. A map of Braybrook North Township shows that Clancy had all the land on the Canning St side of the ford at Melway 27 C8. Poor Clancy had most of his rock wall pulled down by the henchmen of Thomas Derham, President of Braybrook Shire, who according to Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN made a fortune selling horses, that had grazed on other people's land, to the army in India.

JANUARY, FEBRUARY 1992. Keilor electoral roll for 1903. The electorate was obviously west of the Maribyrnong River as nobody in the parishes of Tullamarine and Doutta Galla is listed. Three people with the surname of Fitzpatrick may have been children of a closer settlement farmer in the Avondale Heights area, related by marriage to the Crotty family of Broomfield in Tullamarine. It includes Sydenham residents such as Edward Joseph Landers, a railway repairer, whose descendants became pioneers of the area (about which Merv Landers supplied me with much information circa 1990.)It is interesting how many people were employed at Rupert Clarke's Rockbank Estate and the Taylors' Overnewton Estate. The same situation existed at Sunbury where Rupert Clarke's Rupertswood Estate (so-named by his father, Sir William) provided employment to many residents.

MARCH, APRIL 1992. Christ Church construction 1877, Mayoral Reports mid 1960's and early 1970's detailing progress, (City of Keilor proclamation) Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir 1961 "Hoffmans Road-Niddrie's Sorrow.
Eddie Deutcher was the first settler on the west side of Hoffmans Rd.The Cordite (Swing) Bridge between Maribyrnong and Avondale Heights was said to have been built in about 1904 but it would have been about a decade later, to connect the Cordite factory with the army railhead at East Keilor, during World War 1.
Hoffmans Rd was the obvious connector between Keilor and Essendon, leading some to believe that the North Pole Inn was near Hoffmans Rd. The original north south road was however Milleara Rd, originally known as North Pole Road, which led to Solomons Ford as did Braybrook Road (Buckley St.) Hoffmans Rd was unmade and had the notorious Moushall Ave dogleg until negotiations took place in the Fullarton household between Dorothy Fullarton and her son Graeme, Mayors respectively of Essendon and Keilor.
Here are some of Eddie Deutcher's memories from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.
HOFFMANS RD 1923-1969. Eddie Deutchers memories. The Fullarton Connection.
It is of interest that in 1923 Hoffmans Rd only went south to the northern end of Moushall Ave, which was originally called Hoffmans Rd until 9-11-1960 (Land Plan 10004). Keilor Council had first made moves to have Hoffmans Rd constructed in 1945 but it was not until November 1969 that the road was made. Essendon and Keilor had agreed in 1957 to construct the road forthwith but it was 10 years before work started. The hold up was a dispute about the proposed width, the two councils preferences differing by two feet. No doubt the Fullarton connection had something to do with the eventual resolution. John Andrew Peter Fullarton was an Essendon councillor from about 1958 for 13 years (followed by his wife, Dorothy, Essendons first female councillor, until 1986.) Their son Graeme was Mayor of Keilor in 1969-70. (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND PAGE F.96-7.)
The land plan also shows that Garnet St was called Grieve St until 8-6-1962.
It seems that the 1923 subdivision of Springbank fizzled, probably because the tramway extension to Hoffmans Rd did not eventuate. (The Tramway Extension Estate with frontages to Hoffmans Rd and other, but defunct, streets, was advertised for sale on 12-4-1919 according to Bob Chalmers Annals of Essendon, but obviously shared the same fate.)
SPRINGBANK LINGERS.
On 25-7-1930, when James Anderson mortgaged his land across Green Gully Rd from Braeside (13K Maribyrnong of 35 acres, from the midline of Buchan and Tarwin Courts to the bridge) he was described as a dairyman, formerly farmer, of Buckley Park. As explained before, the location of Springbank was known as Buckley Park in those days, the modern designation of Niddrie not having spread south from 17B, which Henry Stevenson had so-named after a suburb of his native Edinburgh in about 1870. The double storey brick Springbank mansion must have been decaying as it was demolished in the 1930s. James Anderson may have built a new farmhouse before moving to Braeside. Eddie Deutcher said that when he arrived, the farmhouse was a pink weatherboard occupied by Merle someone and then Mr Shell from 1954 or 1955.

EDDIE DEUTCHERS MEMORIES.
Ralph Dixon has been mentioned earlier. It is unclear which side of Hoffmans Rd he built on C.1923 but Eddie Deutcher recalls that he was later living opposite Mary St (present No. 49). The Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir edition of 1961 (Proclamation of the City of Keilor) states wrongly that Eddie Deutcher was the first resident on the Keilor side of Hoffmans Rd; Ralph beat him by quite a few years.
A Mr Spencer subdivided his land into four blocks of 44 ½ x 138 feet (their depth later reduced to 130 feet when Hoffmans Rd was made.) Spencer, of Price St, died in 1980 and his widow later lived next door to Eddie Deutcher. The only other resident of Hoffmans Rd when Eddie moved in was Harry George at the corner of Mary St. Eddie says that the development of Hoffmans Rd mainly took place between 1951-2 and 1965. In 1949, Eddie bought his block (No. 63) for L135. The other blocks sold for L500 (C.1953), L750 (1956) and $15 000 (about 1969). Eddie moved onto his block from St Kilda in 1951 but had to live in a caravan for 2 ½ years because of the post-war shortage of building materials.
Council- owned land in George St was an unofficial dumping ground and a haunt of youngsters who gathered there to smoke. The tip was the source of several fires that threatened the widely scattered houses.
There used to be a training track for trotters near Garnet St.
The Clippertons were another early family in the area. Russell Clipperton was a foundation pupil at the Doutta Galla Primary School. Part of what we now call Hoffmans Rd was occupied by Fred Clippertons car wrecking yard and people travelling south had to take the Hoffmans Rd Dogleg which is now called Moushall Ave.
The first shop in Hoffmans Rd was Fred Cooks general store on the Teague St corner, later Joe Wileys and a self serve bottle shop. Probably next was the green grocery started, and still operated many decades later, by Tony Sicerliano. Ray Orchards model aeroplane shop and Miss Gartlands pharmacy were features of the shopping centre for many years.
Power and water came to Eddie and his neighbours in 1953 and sewerage in 1965.
In 1954, Eddie became a Keilor councillor and judging by his grasp and recall of details as shown above, he would have been a good one.
More of Eddies memories are on Pages D. 95-8 of my Dictionary history of Tullamarine and Miles Around.


MAY, JUNE 1992. Contribution by Angela Evans. Books about the Keilor area. Minutes of the request for and foundation of the Keilor Road Board.

JULY, AUGUST 1992. Details of the ceremony for the opening of the (extant) iron "Flower Basket" bridge at Keilor.

SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER 1992. The discovery of the Keilor Cranium at Melway 14 K2 (approximately) and detail about the Kulin nation.

NOVEMBER, DECEMBER 1992.Extracts from the Keilor Centenary booklet of 1950 about many pioneers and original locations of buildings. Research into the Caroline Chisholm shelter shed.

JANUARY, FEBRUARY 1993. More extracts from the above booklet. A long article about Lady Franklin because of land that she and Sir John supposedly had on North Pole Road. None of the information was about the Keilor area. The vice regal couple may have had a little portion of J.P.Fawkner's 11B Doutta Galla but title searches have produced no evidence of it. This land, between Milleara and Rachelle Rds (south of Clarks Rd)was occupied by Currie, Dr Crooke's "Brompton Lodge", John Beale's "Shelton", John Duhey, part of Sandy Smith's "Norwood" etc. The portion of Keilor Park east of Collinson St, on which Henry Eldridge built the Sir John Franklin Hotel, was called Franklin Village in one source. However the titles information below, from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA make no mention of Sir John or Lady Franklin's involvement there either. One piece of land owned by the Franklins was section 23 Doutta Galla ("St Johns" granted to a corrupt official of that name, including Strathmore Heights and parts of Essendon Aerodrome and Strathmore North.

TITLE INFORMATION RE 18 A.
It seems that Grey conveyed his share of the grant to Wedge in N 420. Wedge conveyed 18 A to John Gemmell (38 417). On 31-12-1853, Gemmell sold the 132 acres 3 roods and 20 perches to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw for L2657/10/-. Charles and Joseph Bradshaw were involved with 9 of the 20 crown allotments between Brewster and Glass Sts in Essendon, and much of the land between Union and Ascot Vale Rds. It is likely that MacKenzie, who bought most of 18A from the Bradshaws, was the man involved in land dealings in the North, Middle and South St area at Ascot Vale.
The Bradshaws subdivided the grant, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets. I believe the first two were named after ships commanded by Nelson at Trafalgar. The Bradshaws may have also named Victory St after Nelsons flagship but the street is not mentioned in the memorial. However it is also possible that the name arose in the 1920s when streets in The Central Estate (Keilor Park) were to be named after streets in Melbourne. Permission to do this was refused because of possible confusion with streets 2 ¼ miles to the East (at Melway 28, D/1), so the names were adapted by the addition or deletion of TON in many cases. Victory St could be a corruption of Victoria St.
The Sir John Franklin hotel, shown on the east corner of Collinson St and Keilor Rd in the 1860 survey map, was actually on lot 1 of allotment A and Henry Elridges purchase of this land from Charles Bradshaw is recorded in 20 361. Eldridge bought his corner block for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. It consisted of 1 acre 3 roods and 17 perches, having frontages of 132 ft to Keilor Rd and 606 ft on the western boundary (Collinson St). The boundary between his lot 1 and Highs lot 2 was 621 ft because the northern boundary (roughly indicated by Swan St) was not parallel with Keilor Rd. The Sir John Franklin Hotel is shown in this portion of the Crown Survey map. (Map cannot be pasted here!)

Two other early purchases from Charles Bradshaw were lot 2 (John High, 20 360) and J.MacKenzie (4 pieces, 24 734).
High made his purchase on the same day as Eldridge, paying 285 pounds for lot 2 of 1 acre 3 roods and 24 perches. His land only contained 7 more perches than Eldridges and he paid a pound for each one. (A perch is 25 x 25 links or roughly 5 x 5 metres.) He had the next 132 ft Keilor Rd frontage and his eastern boundary, 2/5 of the way to Erebus St, was 637 feet.
John Mackenzie bought his four parcels in 18A and 50 ½ acres in section 21on 15-3-1855. He paid 3000 pounds to Bernard Kavanagh who had paid 3959 pounds to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw previously (24 734). Kavanagh must have been desperate for cash to accept such a loss. Had he mortgaged the four parcels to the Bradshaws and been unable to complete repayments?
The first parcel was bounded by the eastern boundary of 18 A (a line north from the Roberts Rd corner), Snow St, Terror St and the Government road (Keilor Rd).
N.B. Highlighted names are those specified in the memorial.
The second was bounded by the line of Roberts Rd, Spence St, Erebus St and Snow St , but excluded a half acre water reserve 8 chains (8 mm on Melway) east of Russelton St and a road leading to it from Snow St.
The third was bounded by Keilor Rd, Terror St , Snow St and Erebus St but excluded a block with frontages of 132 ½ feet to Keilor Rd and 617 feet to Terror St, which had been sold to David Moolhein.
The fourth was bounded by Erebus St, Spence St, Collinson St and, after skirting around Eldridge and Highs lots, the government road 662 ½ feet south east to the Erebus St corner,
Lots 1 and 2 consisted of 5.79 acres (965x600 links) and Moolheins block 1.87 acres (935x 200 links) so by deducting this 7 acres 2 roods and 19 perches from 132.3.19, we can ascertain that Mackenzie owned 125 acres 1 rood and 1 perch of allotment A, section 18.
On 22-9-1856, Mackenzie conveyed the first parcel of land (bounded by Roberts, Snow, Erebus and Keilor Rd) to William Connor for 462 pounds. This land would have consisted of about 24.4 acres (41 243). Williams widow, Sarah, still owned this land in 1900.She had about 160 acres (lots 23, 24, 33-36, 38-40 in section 19, hence 61 acres) and 18A (99 acres to equal the total of 160 acres). John and Edward McNamara were leasing 369 acres (Spring Park, Springfield and logically 25 acres of 18A.)
As Sarah Connor was leasing 78 acres in sections 18 and 21 and also owned 31 ½ acres east and s/w of the cemetery, she must have been a busy widow.
45 733 R.G.Watson.
On 6-2-1857, John Mackenzie sold lot 13 to Robert George Watson. The boundaries of this land started 861 ft west from the s/e corner of 18A and went west for 132 ft, north for 601 ft, east for 136 ½ ft and south for 617 ft. This was exactly the same block at the corner of Mackenzies third parcel that had been owned by David Moolhein in 1855.
On 9-7-1864, Mackenzie sold lots 28-31 of 18A and 50 ½ acres of section 21 to E.Joyce, who paid 2067 pounds to Mackenzie and 108 pounds to Robert Joseph Peel. The 50 ½ acres had been bought from J.F.L.Foster by John Peel for L2015/8/9 on 27-6-1855 and adjoined lots 28-31. The 18A land was the 2nd parcel specified in 24 734 (bounded by Spence,Erebus, Snow and the eastern boundary of 18A ( a line north from the Roberts Rd corner). John Peel had bought this land (lots 28-31) for L290/19/6 on 29-6-1860
but had probably mortgaged it to Mackenzie and been unable to repay the money.

I CAN VAGUELY REMEMBER CHRIS LASKOWSKI BEING UNABLE TO CONTINUE AS EDITOR FOR SOME REASON BUT SHE MAINTAINED HER ASSOCIATION WITH THE SOCIETY. SUSAN JENNISON BECAME THE EDITOR.

SEPTEMBER 1996. Charles Brown Fisher, Keilor Courthouse/Shire Hall heritage Classification, The Gourleys-Closer Settlement pioneers at Sydenham and the Boundy store, Dodd's homestead and a partial parish of Maribyrnong map.
It is not mentioned that Fisher also owned the part of Avondale Heights east of North-Military Rd as well as Aitken's grant to the east. This seems to have been in the boom years of the late 1880's. Taking an each-way bet, Fisher also owned Woodlands near Bulla (and possibly Cumberland, south of it.) Whether the railway went to Bulla along the Maribyrnong or along Bulla Rd, he was sure to make a killing.The depression ended the idea of the railway and caused Fisher's bankruptcy.Losing Woodlands and Maribyrnong to Tommy Bent, he leased Oaklands at the south corner of Oaklands and Craigieburn Rds for a while.
George Boundy's original store was probably the one at Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows)where the milk bar is located today near the historic bridge.


OCTOBER 1996. Gold escorts, Matthew Goudie, film history in Footscray,spraying caterpillars in New Zealand, the 1928 bridges for the Albion-Jacana line.

NOVEMBER 1996. Cup Eve Ball recipe for a fruit salad for 200 people, photo with no text about the Cordite bridge, 1968-9 Mayoral Report, more about New Zealand.

DEC. 96, JAN. 97. Council's scheme to reclaim the Tea Gardens and the Maribyrnong Valley, including information about closer settlement pioneer, David Hicks.

FEB., MARCH 1997. Extracts from 1971-2 Mayoral Report (Overnewton, the Organ Pipes, the Sydenham development), the Eureka's Children project.

APRIL, MAY 1997. Repeat of opening of Keilor's iron flower basket bridge. Many interesting articles regarding the archeological discoveries at the two sites on the Maribyrnong near Keilor and a map showing the actual locations of the sites; the Green Gully site was actually at the location of the wetlands area of Brimbank Park (Melway 14 G9.)The 1928 bridge over the Maribyrnong on the Albion-Jacana Line.Extracts from the Brimbank Council website re history and ward boundaries. I am most impressed by the names given to the wards!

JUNE, JULY 1997. Some issues in which the society is involved. Extracts from a history text about Geelong Grammar's Timbertop campus near Mansfield with extensive detail about the Hunter and Watson families.(It mentions that Keilor, Watsonia and Rosanna owe their names to James Watson but the author was apparently unaware that Watson was the grantee of Hugh Glass's Flemington Estate and so-named it after an estate that his father managed in Scotland. Watson and Hunter were partners in the Marquis of Ailsa's firm which explains the naming of Hunter and Ailsa Streets in Keilor Village. I think Watson also received the grant for the 160 or so acres between Lincoln Rd and Mar Lodge and built some sort of store near where Tulip Wright built the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel.) Photos of the Dodd Homestead, Sunshine Harvester Works and Lagoon Motors in Keilor Village circa 1940.

AUGUST, SEPTEMBER 1997. The Fox family of North Pole Rd and Barbiston, Tullamarine, with keen photographer, Martha Fox, being the major focus. Unfortunately no detail is given of the location of the farm in North Pole Rd but the extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA (in italics below) might help. The "Block" probably comprised lots 1 and 2 of the Arundel Closer Settlement, adjoining Barbiston where Arundel and NcNabs Rds meet. Hopefully the two Fox houses near this junction are still standing. Geraghty's Paddock on the North side of Annandale Rd, over the road from Alf Cock's Glenvue, is another Closer Settlement block not mentioned.

ALLOTMENT C OF SECTION 18.
Bounded by Milleara Rd., Clarks Rd. and Spring St. and consisting of 162 ¾ acres, 18C was granted to D.T.Kilburn. He had also received the grant for lot 13 of section 4. Lawrence Kelly was leasing this property by 1868 and by 1875 was also leasing Colliers Farm (at the n/w corner of section 12), which adjoined the s/e corner of 18C.
The Geological Survey map of 1860 shows a quarry used for road metal on 18C near Keilor Rd. This quarry and the ones near the s/w corner of the Essendon Aerodrome site may have been operating since, or before 1842, when Denis Larry was listed in the directory as a quarryman of Doutta Galla. The one on Kellys farm may, however, have been opened by Samuel Charles Brees*, who stated, on 20-1-1853, Quarries are likewise opened at several parts of the line for the bottoming and levelling of the road.
(*Brees was in charge of the construction of Mt Alexander Rd to the diggings and built the first substantial bridge at Keilor in 1854. A street in East Keilor was named after him by Garnet Price.)

In 1875 Kelly was leasing the 163 acres from J.P.Bear and was leasing 48 acres near Spring Gully from Mary Harris. Kelly married Margaret Fox in Ireland in 1854, which is significant. Michael Fox arrived from Kings County, Ireland, with his widowed mother and a brother and sister according to Rose Reddan (nee Fox). Did his widowed mother come to Australia in 1866 to be with a sister named Margaret? This is likely as Michael, who married Rose Reilly on 20-7-1873, named one of his daughters Margaret. She died in March 1878 at only 10 months of age. In 1900, Michael Fox owned the Corcorans North Pole Farm and Kellys 163 acres, a total of 344 acres. Michael bought Barbiston at Tullamarine soon after. His son, John still owned 18 D and C twenty eight years later when the Albion-Jacana rail branch was built. Ray Taylor told me that John sold land for a station to T.M.Bourke in 1928 and later sold the property to Ansair. Michael Fox lived in the house on the corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds. until his death in 1918.
The Fox family used to spell their dry cows on The Oaks across Milleara Rd.
For some reason, there are photos of Mars that Martha would have liked.

OCTOBER, NOVEMBER 1997. Extract from Victorian Historical records re Charles Grimes which gives a misleading impression that the explorations by Grimes and the short tenure of Collins' settlement in Port Phillip Bay in 1803 were connected. Photos and captions that will require a good magnifying glass. Extracts from Victoria and its Metropolis, written in 1888, (Hunter and Watson, descriptions of Braybrook, Keilor, Broadmeadows, Melton areas, A'Hearn of Epping, John Anderson-whose house still stands between the bridge and hall at Westmeadows, Dennis Cahill of the Gumm's Corner farm taken over by Jose Borrell in 1916; the Cahill homestead still stands near the bike path, William Delahey of Oakley Park and Leslie Banks.) Robert Hoddle's March 1839 map showing a railroad proposed from Melbourne to Liardet's Beach or Sandridge, the West Melbourne Swamp that made Solomon's ford necessary and the burial ground in the Flagstaff Gardens/Vic. Market area.

FEB., MARCH 1998.The start of a yacht race is mentioned to illustrate that such events can become great history if they are recorded in diaries.Early places of worship and stone buildings near Keilor with a very good picture of the Robertson "Upper Keilor" homestead near the Keilor Golf Course. Part of Brimbank Cultural Heritage Study. Excellent photo of the Flower -basket bridge at Keilor followed by an article about Victoria's timber bridges. The Collins settlement at Sorrento.

APRIL, MAY 1998. Harrick's Cottage restoration became possible on 14-5-1998. Bulla Directory of 1868. (This includes landowners around Bulla but does not seem to include residents up Oaklands Rd; they would have been listed under Oaklands Junction. The Reddans were north of Dickins Corner -Melway 176 D7- one of their farms being "Holden View" and John Dickens (sic) on Coldingham Lodge south of the bend. Walter Clark of Glenara is listed but his neighbours to the south such as the Mansfields, Grays, Charles Farnes, the Ritchies etc would have been listed under Tullamarine. Two residents with a connection to Keilor were Dugald Stewart whose daughter married James Anderson of Spring Park/ Braeside and the Tates of "Pleasant Vale" on Tullamarine Island north of George Randall. Some of the Wildwood Rd residents were the McAuliffes of "Wildwood", David Patullo of "Craig Bank" and John Fanning of Emu Flat. Edward Fanning's family still had "Sunnyside" south of the Loemans /Diggers Rest Rd junction in the 1990's and probably still owns it after over a century and a half of occupancy;See Kathleen Fanning's FANNING FAMILY website which has a good Bulla parish map.) Memories of old Keilor resident,William Johnston, which indicates that the Eldorado Hotel was later John Eagling's Waggoners' Arms and David Yates Racecourse Hotel on the west corner of Arabin St. The Eldorado was run by Donald McDonald's father for some time; Johnston genealogical information. The Sydenham Public Hall, Proposal for Sydenham Park (Robertson's Upper Keilor Homestead area). Platypus Survey. No toilets for pioneering women!









TO BE CONTINUED.

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