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JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER'S PASCOEVALE, VIC., AUST.

I had hopes of proving or disproving that Pascoe Villa, Pascoevale,which William Smith advertised for sale in the latish 1860's, shortly after the death of his wife (see my WILLIAM SMITH journal), had been his ORIGINAL Young Queen Inn. As usual when I am unable to solve such puzzles, I had a local history dream, in which, as always, I was reading an article. It was written by Edward Butler, great grandson of Edward Butler who built* the Young Queen Inn at Pascoeville.

(* P.16-17,BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.(In 1839) "Lot number three,of 1.5 acres on the left hand side of the main road not far over the creek, was bought for L 24/9/6 by J.W.Shaw, who---promptly disposed of it to Edward Butler for L44. Butler built-as the title deed expresses it-'a large house and tenement' named the Young Queen Inn in honour of Queen Victoria in the third year of her reign.......(In 1840?)Edward Butler took advantage of the boom by disposing of his property to John Watson for L1300. Watson unloaded it towards the end of the boom,in December, 1842,to the unsuspecting William Smith of St Kilda for L1700. Smith had no one to sell it to but he persevered with the inn for the next twenty-nine years.")

Having had many local history dreams involving trove, I didn't immediately rush to my computer as I once would have. I googled "Edward Butler, Young Queen"(1840-1849) and, blow me down, Edward Butler was running the Young Queen Inn during the 1840's, IN LAUNCESTON, where Fawkner had run the Duke of Cornwall.Whether he was of the prominent Tasmanian legal family has not been discovered.

Keeping the decade limit, I searched for "young queen,pascoevale" and due to trove's quirky ways, this journal's title changed from THE YOUNG QUEEN,PASCOEVALE to PASCOEVALE.


PASCOEVALE.

Pascoevale.-Among the other disasters attendant upon the flood, is the carrying away of the bridge across the Moonee Moonee Ponds at Pascoevale, and the consequent stoppage of communication with the city in vehicles
of any description by that road. Major Firebrace, J. P., who lives in the immediate vicinity, has
brought the matter officially under the consideration of tho Government.(P.2, Argus, 4-12-1849.)

1855
On 1 November, Catholic school 269 opens on the north corner of Glass St. (now Napier Cres.) and Pascoe Vale Rd. (which was known as Ashurst and Firebrace Streets at that time). It closed on 31-11-1874, and the iron schoolhouse, which had also served for worship, was moved to form the first St. Monica's. (VR, St Monica's History, EH)(Annals of Strathmore and Surrounding Areas.)

Major Firebrace was an early squatter in the Bulla area with his home station on the site of the Oaklands Hunt Club's "Sherwood" (Melway 178 C5.)SOURCE: probably D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's THE OAKLANDS HUNT but possibly BULLA BULLA by I.W.Symonds,or THE SHIRE THAT TOOK OFF by Grant Aldous, whose manuscript was probably rejected by the shire because of the tale about George Evans leaving a pistol on the table to remind Big Clarke to keep his hands off the young mistress of Emu Bottom.

Macedon (Deep Creek/Bulla)road had been surveyed in 1847 according to a descendant of E.E.Kenny of Camp Hill but was not yet THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS so Pascoe Vale Rd was probably the route that Firebrace took to Melbourne.


YOUNG QUEEN was deleted from the search terms at this stage but of course still appeared in many of the results. The Port Phillip District was allocated places in the New South Wales parliament but as representatives were not paid and would have to frequently be in Sydney,there was a ground-swell for separation. One of the three Keilor souvenirs has an article called THE PORT PHILLIP FARCE which involved J.F.L.Foster,with Lord Grey,the (Colonial Secretary? in England) being nominated. Little Johnny Fawkner had more to do with the separation movement than I had realised.

THE DISTRICT ELECTION.
* (From the Corio Chronicle)
On Friday, R. W. Pohlman, Esq.,Returning Officer, repaired to the hustings at Geelong, and proclaimed the
result of the voting in the several polling places, for the Electoral District of Port Phillip, to elect a representative in the room of James Williamson, Esq., resigned. The nomination of candidates took place on the 15th February, when the following candidates were put in nomination.William Macarthur*, Esq., of Camden ; John Pascoe Fawkner, Esq., of Pascoevale ; and (with a view to carry out the principle of non-representation)
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington,who was put in nomination by Mr.Fawkner himself.(P.4, Argus, 16-3-1849.)

(*This was probably the son of the merino breeder who followed Foster as acting governor until Hotham arrived.)

CHILD EXPLOITATION WAS THE ORDER OF THE DAY!
A lad named John Meyers, was brought before the Police Bench on Tuesday charged with absconding from the service of Mr.J. P. Fawkner, of Pascoevale. The lad was only eight years of age, and had been taken away by his parents. He was ordered back, and to pay all expenses. (P.4, Argus, 16-3-1849.)

NEIGHBOURING LANDOWNERS AT WAR.
The Moonee Ponds Creek formed the boundary between section 23 Doutta Galla (south west) and John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park in the parish of Jika Jika (north east), from Marks St near the Pascoe Vale bridge to the southern boundary of the Kingsford-Smith Ulm Reserve. Whether Major St John actually lived on "St John's" (as Harry Stevenson's portion of the former was still called circa 1920 when the Aero Club established their "St John's Field" aerodrome) is unknown, but this neighbourly dispute was not about a fence or the creek.

When I first read a report of the libel case about twenty years ago,Fawkner had been found guilty but fined some paltry amount indicating that his action had been considered just, but St John must have appealed the decision, and had the fine raised to 95 pounds. A "St John v Fawkner" trove search will supply the trial reports. Fawkner applied to Latrobe for the fine to be paid by Government and the refusal was criticised by The Argus.
BRIBERY AND CORRUPTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 5 December 1848 p 2 Article
... Sir, Your most obedient servant, C. J. LA TROBE. Mr. J. P. Fawkner, Pascoevale. The Government ... 842 words

PASCOEVILLE TO PASCOEVALE.
Observing that all the 1840-1849 results (most of them William Smith advertisements about the refurbished Young Queen,the swept away bridge being replaced and the connection to the new Sydney road -see CLIFFORDS RD journal) were from 1849, I suspected that the locality's name had recently changed so I changed my search to Pascoeville.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney 11th September,1849.
ROADS:
WITH reference to the Government notice of date 13th April, 1848, relative to opening of certain Parish Roads in the District of Port Phillip, and to that described as No. 3 therein, namely :-The Old Sydney or Pascoe
ville
Road leading from Mount Macedon* Road to the New Sydney Road : notice is hereby given (etc.)
(Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 11th September, 1849. ROADS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 September 1849 p 1 Article.)


(*Mt Macedon road is now Mt Alexander Rd with the Pascoeville road leaving it at Moonee Ponds Junction.)

There was only one more result for Pascoeville in the 1840's.
Horticultural Society. On Saturday last a meeting was held at the "Queen's Head Hotel," Queen-street, pursuant to public notice, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of forming a Horticultural Society in Melbourne, embracing in its operation the entire Province. Mr. J. P. Fawkner, of
Pascoeville, was called to the chair, and that gentleman addressed the meeting at considerable length in favor of the proposed institution,pointing out the utility of such societies in causing a praiseworthy emulation among gardeners, and others employed in the culture of our fine soil. (P.2, Argus, 28-11-1848.)


Was this because of faulty digitisation? Did Pascoeville persist into the 1850's? What was the original name for the locality? Delete the limit of only articles from The Argus.
Ah ha!
The Argus had previously been The Melbourne Argus. The name change had come between AUG and November, 1848.

Most of the Melbourne Argus results concerned the proclamation of parish roads as mentioned above (where Pascoe Vale Rd was wrongly called No.3, unless the digitisation was wrong.)
e.g.Colonial Secretary's Office,
Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
ROADS.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. :
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road,from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
Parish.
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road,(plans etc.)
(P.1, The Melbourne Argus,30-6-1848.)

THOSE ROADS TODAY.
1. Present Flemington Rd,Mt Alexander Rd,Wirraway Rd, Bulla Rd, Melrose Drive, and, from Melway 177 F9, Sunbury Rd.
2. Keilor Rd. Keilor was a gaelic word (whose meaning was given in one of the Keilor souvenirs) for the run of Hunter and Watson, who must have pronounced it as most un-pedantic people do instead of Kee-law. (*I can check it in my dictionary history if requested.) Because of the gold rush, Keilor road became known as Mt Alexander Rd and retained the name into the 1900's.
3. This was Oaklands Rd. Ann Greene was granted a square mile (section 4, Bulla) at the north west corner of Somerton and Oaklands Rd and Taylor section 9,also of 640 acres, a mile further north and across the road. This was later part of the estate of Glenara's Walter Clark who called it Dunalister after his son of M.V.R.C. and black rose fame; it is now called Balbethan.
4.Pascoe Vale Rd.


SALE of LAND.--Mr. W. H. Mortimer sold by auction on Wednesday last, on the ground, at Pascoeville, sixteen allotments, forming in all one acre and a half at £65. The sale was but thinly attended, owing to the boisterous state of the weather. (Port Phillip News.The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) Thursday 13 August 1840 Edition: MORNING p 3 Article.)

In the Insolvent Estate of John Pascoe Fawkner,of Pascoeville, in the District of Port Phillip.
NOTICE is hereby given that an account and plan of distribution of available assets in the estate of John Pascoe Fawkner, of Pascoeville, the above named insolvent, now lies at the Office of the Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for the District of Port Phillip, at the Supreme Court House, La Trobe-street, Melbourne, for the inspection (etc.) (The Melbourne Argus (Vic. : 1846 - 1848) Friday 25 December 1846 p 2 Article.)

Fawkner sold off the Belle Vue land between Pascoe Vale Rd and Northumberland Rd, a large part of which fronting Gaffney St was purchased by Henry George Ashurst* (after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was originally named) who leased it out to such as John Kernan who settled there in 1856 and called it Merai Farm. Fawkner could not be dispossessed of the rest of Belle Vue Park because he put it in his wife's name**.

*COAL. On Mr. Ashhurt's property at Pascoeville, the men employed sinking a well near that gentleman's house have come to a vein of coal eighty feet from the surface ; the vein is three feet thick, and samples of the coal have been brought to town and found to be of excellent quality ;such a discovery we need not say is of the
utmost importance to our province. Herald.(Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Saturday 30 July 1842 Edition: MORNING p 8 Article.)

** John Stephen further adds that he is informed and believes that I reside beyond the distance of seven miles; this is a fact which he could have easily tested; equivocation will not do on this point, all I say on the
subject is, that my farm is on the five-mile line from Melbourne, as laid down by the surveyors, and the five-mile land reserved to be sold at an enhanced price joins the corner of my land, or my wife' s land at
Pascoeville. (P.7. Launceston Examiner,1-3-1843.) John Stephen had probably challenged Fawkner's entitlement to stand for public office because of his sentence to hard yakka at Coal River and being outside the residential limit.

BHURR STONE.- Bhurr Stone which, for the purpose of constructing mill-stones, is of the greatest importance, is abundantly found in the neighbourhood of Melbourne, On the banks of the Saltwater River, near' Maine's and Dobson's quarry*, as well as at Pascoeville, on the east side of the valley, it exists in large
quantities, which were discovered about four years ago.(etc.) (P.2,Geelong Advertiser, 18-4-1844.)

The Niddrie quarry,now a residential area, was near the north west corner of J.P.Main's grant,section 12 Doutta Galla. Probably a lot of the metal used by George Holmes to make the road to "Keila" came from Main's Estate.

PASCOEVILLE ROAD IS BETTER!
Carriers between Melbourne and Seymour complain of the heavy state of the roads, especially that via Pentridge; on the other hand the Pascoeville or Young Queen road is in comparatively good condition, arising from the limited traffic thereupon, the former being somewhat shorter. This hint is worthy of note by parties having business upon the line. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus, 15-8-1848.)

CATTLE STEALING.- Pat Connerty, keeper of the town herd, and John McManus, butcher,were placed at the bar of the Police Court,on Tuesday morning last, charged with having received stolen cattle, the property of Mr.
Francis William Cobb*, of Pascoeville, who stated that be had lost, on Tuesday, the 15th instant, seven head of cattle from his station,(etc.)
(The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Thursday 7 April 1842 p 4 Article.)
Although he was not mentioned by Andrew Lemon, I'm sure I saw Cobb's name in the 1863 Broadmeadows assessments.
*HE MAY HAVE BEEN FAWKNER'S BROTHER IN LAW! (See below.)

Edward Butler did run the Young Queen.I had wondered about that.

Prisoners of the Crown. On Saturday morning Mr Butler, of Pascoeville, was fined 20(s.?) for permitting a prisoner of the crown to drink on his premises. (The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Saturday 23 January 1841 p 2 Article.)

HOW DID PASCOEVILLE BECOME OAK PARK?
The fruit and forest trees imported from England in 1839 and planted at Pascoeville, have grown very luxuriantly.The forest trees,; as horse chestnut, oak, maple, lime, sycamore, acatia, alder,walnut, and edible Chesnut (which last is showing blossom) have made wonderful growths.
(Geelong Advertiser and Squatters' Advocate (Vic. : 1845 - 1847) Saturday 8 November 1845 p 3 Article.)

Joseph English bought Fawkner's remaining portion following the death of Eliza (nee Cobb*) Fawkner's widow, and enlarged or replaced Fawkner's homestead. The Morgan and Knight (related) families were involved and I have just spotted Pine Avenue which might indicate the location of Fred Morgan's "The Pines".Later Hutchinson, owner of a flour mill at Glenroy,bought the property and renamed it Oak Park.

Oak Park Reserve - Victorian Heritage Database
vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/places/result_detail/59161?print=true‎
Remnant trees on the site, including an oak, cypresses and peppercorn trees, have been estimated to date from Fawkner's residency. The park's close proximity ...

Fawkner was no great lover of native vegetation and the document recording his lease of portion of the property to his father in 1841 states that the lessee: "shall and will fell cut down grub up and otherwise destroy and remove all the native indigenous trees wood scrub and underwood whatsoever growing or to grow upon the said land or any part thereof except fruit trees or such trees as are or shall be marked...for ornamental hedgerows or boundary marks." (P.17 BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

P.W.Welsh who handled sales of village blocks for Fawkner "inferred that Fawkner's planting of orchard, gardens and nurseries was in someway a village work (instead of being part of his private farm,which it was): etc."
(P.17 BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

I wonder if the following trees had been intended for "village works" and Fawkner changed his mind in order to get a certificate of discharge on his insolvency.Apart from a variety of fruit trees, they included:

Forest Trees, of two sorts, Oak and Maple; these trees were also imported from England, at great cost and risk, and at severe loss, only about twenty remain on sale. As these trees will only be taken from the ground upon the order of the buyer, they may ensure their good state, and as they will not be liable to damage by sea water, or the saline deposition incident to a sea voyage, and as every care will be taken to preserve the roots as perfect as possible, parties buying will find these cheaper even than those sold by auction, for there they
must pay for them, faulty or good.Orders will be received at my residence, in Flinders Lane by Mr E. Vernon, Grocer; or at the Orchard, Pascoevale, by Mr Wm. Martin. Trees ordered and paid for will be delivered in town (on Saturdays only ) free of expense to the purchaser.
(P.4, Geelong Advertiser and Squatters' Advocate, 16-5-1846.)

PASCOE VALE.
The earliest use of Pascoe Vale in family notices was in 1854 in the death notice of a pioneer who had settled in Victoria in 1803.

WHAT'S THAT ITELLYA, HAVE YOU GONE STARK RAVING MAD? DOES THE YEAR 1835 MEAN ANYTHING TO YOU? EVEN THE HENTYS WERE WAY AFTER 1803. HANG ON,DO YOU MEAN THE SORRENTO SETTLEMENT?

DIED.
On the 24th inst., at Pascoe Vale, John Fawkner, Esq., in his 84th year, father of J. P. Fawkner,Esq., M.L.C.
P.4, Argus,25-9-1854.)

JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER, CHAMPION OF THE YOEMAN FARMER.

WE WANT LAND!
Just think,this letter was written at Pascoe Vale.

THE BEST WAY TO ESTABLISH A COLONIAL YEOMANRY.
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1847 - 1851) Tuesday 21 August 1849 Edition: MORNING p 1 Article.


My time researching in the Titles Office showed me how much land was in the hands of a very small number of people. Many of the gold miners had been farmers, a large number of them having been tenant farmers in Ireland. They did not have the money to buy the large crown allotments that became available when parishes had been surveyed. In the parish of Will Will Rook,north of J.P.Fawkner's Belle Vue grant a huge area of land was bought by speculators, Hughes and Hosking, and later became part of the Kennedy estate.Much land in the parishes of Tullamarine and Bulla was alienated in square mile blocks.

Later land acts tried to prevent big landowners from obtaining so much land in grants but the use of dummies, and possibly loopholes enabled James Hearn, W.A.Blair, Charles Gavan Duffy, James Ford, James Purves, the Cains and Professor Hearn to buy huge tracts of land between Balcombe Creek's mouth and Portsea on the Mornington Peninsula for example.

Former squatter he may have been, but John Pascoe Fawkner had a great affection for yoeman farmers. He made a plea to the government to help them obtain freeholds in 1839, and a decade later he was sick and tired of the lack of action. You must read the letter. When Townships were established, suburban blocks were provided,but often multiple blocks were snapped up by such as Frederick Dawes Wickham at Horseshoe Bend near Keilor and William Allison Blair at Rye.

The only real efforts to establish closer settlement that came from Government were caused by the 1890's depression and the aftermath of war. The first effort was probably an attempt to remove beggars from the city (as one does before the Olympic Games are conducted!) Village settlements gave these people a chance to be self-sufficient and to pay off their land on easy terms.

After world war 1 an obligation to servicemen led to the establishment of soldier settlements in many areas.
By the 1930 depression the government probably decided it was easier to put the unemployed on susso projects such as Coburg Lake and the Great Ocean Road.Father Tucker's village settlement at Carrum Downs is discussed in my GORDON BOYINGTON journal.

However it was mainly the death of big landowners and the burden of death duties that caused many big landowners, such as Sir Rupert Clarke of Rupertswood and the family of William Taylor of Overnewton at Keilor, to ask the Crown to resume their huge estates. The Closer Settlement Acts circa 1900 finally achieved what John Pascoe Fawkner started in 1850, shortly after he wrote the letter,at the top of today's Oak Park Court;to give people the chance to buy their own small farms, not because they were out of a job or they had served King and Country but as a right.

Tulip Wright (section 3 Bulla) and Charles Gavan Duffy (the Irish Land Rights hero) did subdivide their grant fairly early but I doubt that their motives were as pure as good old J.P.F.,THE CHAMPION OF THE YOEMAN FARMER AND CLOSER SETTLEMENT.

Details of the many pieces of land bought by J.P.Fawkner on behalf of his co-operative members are given in several other of my journals.

JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA, 1852.

As I no longer have notes or maps, this journal comes entirely from memory.It is prompted by a McCracken search on Trove, the National Library of Australia's digitised collection of newspapers, and an article headed NORTH BOURKE on page 5 of the Argus of 20-1-1852. (Apologies. The date should read 20-12-1852.) In short, the article is about a meeting of electors resolving to ask John Thomas Smith to vacate his seat as a member of the legislative council for North Bourke.The intention of my journal is to give detail of most of the people involved.

SMITH.
J.T.Smith, seven times Mayor of Melbourne,arrived from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission for the aborigines on the Botanical Gardens site. He soon became a businessman and received grants for land at Green Gully near Keilor in the parish of Maribyrnong; North Essendon,and Kensington (including the State School site) in the parish of Doutta Galla and what became the Ranelagh Estate, Mt Eliza, at the north west corner of the parish of Moorooduc.
At the time of this meeting, he was probably living in Melbourne,possibly in the oldest surviving house in Melbourne, photographed by the wonderful MUZZA OF McCRAE. He later built Ascot House in Fenton St Ascot Vale. In the early 1860's, he was a foundation member of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and became one of the three M.L.C.'s for West Bourke. He was accused of bribing voters with inducements such as oranges that he grew; his orchard was probably near Cranwell St, North Essendon not far east from the Irish Dr Harbinson's orange grove (Melway 16 E12.)The Fitzroy Historical Society website states that he was also an alderman in that area.His portrait can be seen on the internet. Edward Wilson, editor of the Argus, constantly criticised J.T.Smith.(Sources: The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous;parish maps; Keilor Centenary Souvenir 1950? eMelbourne past and present website under Mayoralty etc.)

MCDOUGALL.
Robert McDougall's biography must have been in Victoria and Its Metropolis for me to know so much of his movements. I believe he spent 10 years on Glenroy, which seems to have been divided into three farms: from Camp Rd, heading south, Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm and Glenroy Farm. Glenroy farm extended south to Rhodes Pde. John Kerr much later purchased the other two farms and built Glenroy House or Kerrsland which still stands as part of Penola College. Glenroy was so named by the Camerons, the original squatters, and they were still on Glenroy at this time as well so it is not clear which parts Mc Dougall and the Camerons had.
Robert McDougall later leased the Aitken Estate (section 8 Doutta Galla and possibly part of section 7 as described in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal) before moving into his newly- built "Arundel" mansion (Melway 4,G11) in about 1872.Unfortunately the Arundel mansion was ruined by Robinson's "fenestrations" circa 1950.
Robert was a foremost proponent of the Booth breed of Shorthorn cattle; as a result Harry Peck, in "Memoirs of a Stockman", stated that he and his neighbour, Harry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (Melway 15 K and 16 A 8-10)were bitter enemies, the latter being an advocate of the Bates strain. Ironically, Murray River steamer owner, McCulloch, who followed John Cochrane on Glenroy Farm, was also a prominent breeder of shorthorns.
You might well ask how McDougall and Stevenson could be neighbours. The answer is that they had other adjoining land on St John's grant (23 Doutta Galla), Stevenson near Strathmore Heights and McDougall near Strathmore North, both properties extending south into Essendon Aerodrome, which was originally called St John's Field.
The McDougalls also bought Warlaby, section 11 of the parish of Bulla Bulla (Melway 384 J8.)They probably owned it by 1888 when the first meeting of the Oaklands Hunt followed a trail from Warlaby laid by Farquhar McRae (not McCrae but possibly related)who was in charge of the hunters on "Glenara". "Warlaby",640 acres or a square mile, extended north to a western extension of Craigieburn Rd, which separated it from the Brannigans' St Johns. Due east of Warlaby was "Oaklands" which gave Oaklands Rd its name and north of that farm was Harpdale whose beautiful homestead (circa 1992) still bore the Brodie name set in tiles.
Warlaby was the home of Robert McDougall's son, Alexander (Sandy) who married Sandy Smith's daughter and moved to Western Australia in the early 1900's. Sandy Smith owned a mansion, Coilsfield, which was demolished to build the Essendon Hospital; he had earlier farmed near the Aitken Estate. (Sources:Victoria and Its Metropolis; Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" Andrew Lemon; Keilor rates; "The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous; Doutta galla parish map, Bulla rates and parish map, Bob Blackwell re farm names; "The Oaklands Hunt" D.F.Cameron-Kennedy; "Bulla Bulla" I.W.Symonds; various essendon histories; videotaped visit to Jack Simmie's Harpsdale; "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb; K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis on Arundel.)

PARDON MY IGNORANCE!
Some people whose names were included in the article lived outside my area of research, which started as Tullamarine, but expanded rapidly due to Bob Blackwell and George and Syd Lloyd. These surnames are Budd, Kyle, Guthrie and Reynolds. I have seen the name Guthrie and "Glengyle" which ring a bell but not very loudly. If I remember correctly, Reynolds was mentioned by Richard Broome in "Between Two Creeks", the history of Coburg. The names of Reynolds Pde and Reynard St, near Coonan's Hill may have been connected to this pioneer. Incidentally, Pentridge was the original name for Coburg and was changed during a royal visit in (1869?) to honour the Royal name Saxe-Coburg, which was changed to Windsor due to anti-German sentiment during W.W.1. Many families of German ancestry anglicised their surnames during W.W.1, such as the Groenberger family that was running the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine (SOURCE:Gordon Connor, whose testimony, like that of Colin Williams' also 99 at the time, can be taken as GOSPEL.)
POSTSCRIPT-GUTHRIE. I had a dim recollection of seeing the name, Guthrie, in relation to the Bulla area (Glenn & Guthrie?) and near Keilor Village. A search on trove revealed that Alexander (and J.) Guthrie had a farm called Glengyle, one mile from Keilor.They were living there in 1851.
I had a dim connection in my brain of Guthrie with Thomas Bertram and it proved to be correct. The Argus of 15-4-1854 reported on page 4 that Elizabeth, the second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell of Scotland had died at the residence of Thomas Bertram Esquire, Glengyle, near Keilor.
The ford over Deep Creek, on Arundel Rd, which provided access to Keilor Village (where the Mansfields drowned in 1906 because the partly built Arundel bridge had been swept away) was known to all as Bertram's Ford.The ramp leading to the ford can still be seen between the house on the Browns Rd corner and the river(Melway 14 H2.)
Section 1 of the parish of Tullamarine was granted to R.H.Bunbury in 1842 but K.B.Keeley believed he was a dummy bidder for Colin Campbell who was the owner from 1843 until 1851 when he sold it to Donald Cameron. Two parts of "Arundel were sold off before Argus editor, Edward Wilson bought it in 1854; farms that were later known as Ellengower (or Ellengowen, I could not decipher the Keilor rate collector's writing) and Turner's. Was Colin Campbell a brother of Elizabeth Campbell and Thomas Bertram's wife?
Either of these farms could have been Glengyle. Ellengower was the Browns Rd area and the ramp passed through it, making the naming of the ford a foregone conclusion if Bertram had owned it. Turner's, later bought by the McNabs of Oakbank, (as was the land at Melway 4 B11)is situated between the east-west section of McNabs Rd and the river (4 D-F 12.) The decision on which was Glengyle rests on the description of Glengyle being one mile from Keilor. Bertram's Ford was about a mile from Keilor while Turner's was at least 2 1/2 miles.Therefore Glengyle, occupied by the Guthries and Bertrams, would have been in the horseshoe bend bisected by Browns Rd (Melway 14 G2.)
My suspicion of a connection with the Bulla area also proved to be correct so I'll go one step further and suggest that there was some sort of connection between the Guthries and Peter Young of Nairn, who will be discussed later. Alexander Guthrie Young, a colonist of 52 years died in 1891 at the age of 59.
(The Argus 9-12-1891 p.1) Alexander Guthrie obviously moved from Glengyle to the Bulla area. Mrs Alexander Guthrie gave birth to a son at Bulla Bulla, Deep Creek on 1-5-1859.(A.3-5-1859 p.4.)
Alexander Guthrie died at Togarf, Sunbury at the age of 70 on 27-11-1880. (A. 29-11-1880 P.1 and 8.) Togarf was obviously a farm and his widow, Ann, exhibited her Ayrshires with success at many shows. She died at Murtoa at the age of 80. (A. 27-9-1901 p.1.)
Postscript. Having obtained a map of Bulla Bulla parish, I can state that A& J. Guthrie's grants, issued in October of the years stated, consisted of section 14 (1852,503 acres), 22, part 4 (1854,135 acres 3 roods 10 perches) and 23 part 2 (1854, 384 acres 37 perches.) As I no longer have my Bulla rates transcriptions, I have no idea whether his farm (Togarf)remained this size.These grants were in the area shown on Melway map 383. I would imagine that they had been squatters before alienation and that section 14 was the homestead block and pre-emptive right. Section 14 was bounded by Southern Plains Rd, the line of Gellies Rd continued south almost to Emu Creek, and this creek on the south and west. A now-closed road, leaving Sunbury Rd opposite the east boundary of Craig and O' Grady's grant (Shepherds Lane), crossed Emu Creek in the east side of 383 D7, and travelled through the grant to the west end of Southern Plains Rd. This would have to be the private road to Daameeli; this property is on Richard Brodie's grant, 24(1). This road was the eastern boundary of 23 (2) and Emu Creek was the eastern boundary of 22 (4). The former fronted Sunbury Rd, the latter Gellies Rd and both Lancefield Rd.The tributary shown in Melway 383 B-D7 was about 100 metres (5mm on the map)north of the boundary between the two allotments.
Finally, although my memory is not too hot about what you say to Jan if things don't seem fair, it is pretty reliable concerning local history. I stated earlier that I had vague memories of seeing "Glenn and Guthrie" somewhere. Joseph Dubois returned my material yesterday and while looking for something else I found it!
In the Annals of Tullamarine (a large part of "Tullamarine: Before The Jetport").
1863. (After mentioning that James Sharp was leasing 40 acres of Chandos from J.C.Riddell and was to move to Hillside four years later.)Broadmeadows' rate records list the following Tullamarine residents east of Bulla Rd from the present bridge to Nash's Lane:
H.J.Brown and Glenn & Guthrie (Camp Hill), E.Dunn (Viewpoint), J.Maconochie (Stewarton)Love and Sharp as above, C &J.Nash (Fairview), W.Wright (Sunnyside), R.Beaman (Broombank), J.Foster, T.Anderson, R.Mitchell, T.Wright, P.Kettle, J.Gawley, J.Wright, J.Hendry (store, later P.O. too), C.Evans (shop.)

One last thing. Applications for occupation licences were invited on page 1 of The Argus of 11-6-1847.The various parcels of land were numbered but no location was given other than parishes. Alexander Guthrie had leased 640 acres in Will Will Rook for the previous two years. I checked the parish map on the internet, but there were no dates for the issue of grants. Then I remembered that Joseph had returned my material. According to "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" only two grants were not issued in 1838. They were sections 5 and 2. Alexander Gibb purchased section 5 in 1848 after leasing the 640 acres for some time (Page 20) so Alexander could only have been leasing Box Forest, granted to John Pascoe Fawkner in 1850 (on behalf of his co-operative.) This square mile, bounded by the Northern Golf Club, Hilton St/ Box Forest Rd, the cemetery and Boundary Rd is now named after a Broadmeadows Shire Councillor, circa 1927, Cr Rupert Hadfield.



PETER YOUNG.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon mentioned George Langhorne conducting Free Presbyterian services at Peter Young's Nairn and how the United Presbyterians had caused problems. Andrew's source was obviously Peter Young's letter published on page 4 of The Argus of 19-2-1851.
Here are the headlines about Peter Young. He was a very proud Scot with a good knowledge of the "land o' cakes" and a love of poetry. He was on the front foot when situations needed correcting. He was a stalwart of the Free Presbyterians and a member of the Order of Oddfellows, working hard to advance the former and defending the latter group from unjustified criticism. Above all he was an expert farmer, and I mean an EXPERT. He seems to have moved to Clyde Park, Westernport before his death.

As I have the Bulla Bulla map now I'll tell you about Nairn before I detail the trove articles. See Melway map 384. Peter Young received the grant for Section 8 (a square mile/ 640 acres) on 26-11-1848. He added the 130 acre 7B on the other side of St John's Lane on 18-9-1851. (St John's lane led to the Brannigans' "St John's Hill", not heaven!) The William Inglis and Son thoroughbred horse sales complex is in the south east corner of section 8 and the end of the public section of St Johns Rd indicates its north western corner. Allotment B of section 7 is between St Johns Rd and Deep Creek; the southern boundary was the now closed road in C-E 12 and the northern boundary is indicated by 110 St Johns Rd.

TROVE- A CHRONOLOGY.
While reading Isaac Batey's fascinating historical articles in the Sunbury newspaper, I half-noticed his reference to a Mr Young being ( a squatter?) near Essendon in the early days (probably 1847.)This could have been Peter Young. I will start with an advertisement that Peter placed in The Argus (as I thought, soon after arriving), which outlines his past.He was actually in Victoria by 1842!
All items are from The Argus unless otherwise specified: 1846-8 was the Melbourne Argus.

24-9-1847 page 2. Peter announced that he was setting up as an auctioneer and commission agent. He said that he had been land steward for the Marquis of Breadalbane (in Scotland), an experimental farmer and land steward for A. Speirs, the M.P. for Richmond (Tasmania), superintendent of the Government Domain farm in Van Dieman's Land and latterly superintendent of J. and W. Macarthur's stations. Peter must have arrived in Melbourne by 1846 or very early 1847. A letter he wrote to the Port Phillip Gazette was republished in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12-6-1847 page 4.) There had been an outbreak of black leg in young cattle near Port Fairy,to which no solution had been found,and Peter wrote from the Crown Hotel outlining his method that had worked so successfully in New South Wales in the winter of 1837. He had been in charge of 8000 cattle and the sudden death of cattle 20 miles away was put down to snake bites until Peter arrived and diagnosed black leg after dissecting a carcass.

27-1-1847 page 1-2. Peter made a toast at the Robbie Burns Festival that was a virtual history of Scotland and occupied 4 1/2 columns of The Argus.

28-5-1847 page 2. SEYMOUR. Preparations are being made for the sale to be conducted by Mr Peter Young on the 24th. This was to be the first ever in the township.Peter was auctioning well before the advertisement appeared.

1-6-1847 page 2. An excited report of the sale was given. The correspondent told of Peter's plans for regular sales.

3-8-1847 page 2. A DANGEROUS NUISANCE. At the close of business at the Police Office on Saturday, Mr Peter Young informed the Mayor of the cattle, horses, pigs and goats in Latrobe St West and no constable ever being seen to control this. The Chief Constable, who had earlier ignored Peter's complaints, was huffy but the Mayor instructed him to send two constables and impound these animals.

30-11-1847. The Seymour correspondent understood that Peter had intended to conduct quarterly sale but none (bar the first) had come off yet.

20-4-1849 page 4. Peter complained that he hadn't been getting his Argus or Patriot.He was now on Nairn.

19-4-1850 page 3, column 4. FOR SALE. Seed wheat and potatoes of a very superior quality grown from seed of last year's crop at Warrnambool. On sale by the undersigned, Peter Young, Nairn, Deep Creek.

27-4-1850 page 2. BIRTH. At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla on the 25th, Mrs Peter Young of a daughter.

8-1-1851 page 2.(Original correspondence to the Mt Macedon paper.) Peter said that up until the end of 1850 mail had been picked up at Mr Wright's Bridge Inn but the mail run to Mt Macedon now went through Keilor. (This is of interest because it seems that Tulip Wright did start the Lincolnshire Hotel's construction during 1851. Donohue applied for the Bridge Inn licence in 1851 but his application was postponed because of the filthy state of the Bridge Inn. (See THE HOTELS NEAR TULLAMARINE journal.) It may have been because Tulip had left, abandoning his hotel, that the route was changed.)Peter complained that 500 residents near Bulla now had to pick up their mail from Melbourne or Gisborne, stating that only about 5 people lived on the new route between Keilor and The Gap. (He was talking about William Taylor of Overnewton, James Robertson of Upper Keilor,possibly the Page Brothers of Glencoe-I'll have to ask Isaac Batey if they were still there; their drinking might have seen them off by 1851, and one or two others.) P.S. Edward Page advertised the homestead block in 1859. (The Argus 27-6-1859 page 2, column 2.)


10-2-1851 page 2. Peter hasn't given up. He now accuses two magistrates of using undue influence to change the mail run. One magistrate was certainly William Taylor; I'm not sure if Robertson was a J.P. too. His son, James, was and another son, Francis, was a member of parliament.

19-2-1851 page 4.Peter wrote a letter about Langhorne teaching Sunday School at theschoolhouse on Nairn on Sunday mornings and conducting Free Presbyterian services in the afternoon and how the United Presbyterians
were interfering with their fund-raising for a church for Broadmeadows and Deep Creek (Westmeadows and Bulla.)
"Vision and Realisation", the Victorian Education Department history of 1972, mentioned an early school on the McDougalls' "Warlaby" (probably named Oaklands) in a declivity; this may have been a mistaken reference to Peter's school unless another was built on Warlaby later. My memory from reading the book 20 years ago is dim but I think it mentioned two schools with different National School numbers.

31-5-1851 page 2. Another farming problem had arisen, smut in wheat. As everyone would know, when crops are affected, prices rise. Think bananas! Due to his innovative ideas and experience, Peter had worked out a solution and he could have cashed in big-time. He had put down 140 acres of wheat at Nairn the previous year and not one head of smutted wheat had grown due to his treatment of the grain before planting that he had developed 17 years earlier. Peter was not going to keep this a secret and let his colleague suffer. Could you imagine Coles giving Woolworths a helping hand?

25-6-1852. Peter wrote a letter headed "To Improve Crops by Pollen" which showed that he had a thorough grasp of the history of the development of the various types of wheat.

11-8-1852 page 6.Peter Young of Nairn requested permission from those who had donated money for the church in the parish of Bulla (not enough to proceed) to hand it over to the National School, whose establishment had been resolved at a meeting he'd recently chaired.

The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) 3-11-1852 page 722 (no kidding!) As Peter McCracken , the President of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was absent (due to the drowning of his young son, William, in the Moonee Ponds Creek near the bottom of Pascoe St, Westmeadows; see McCracken below), Peter Young of Nairn took the chair, filling it most capably, at the function to honour David Duncan's service to the organisation. (See the WILLIAM THOMPSON AND DAVID DUNCAN journal.)

6-3-1868 page 2. Evan McIntosh was holding a clearing sale at Nairn, his lease having expired. Peter may have moved to Westernport but he also could have been conducting a business in Melbourne.

6-5-1895 page 1. H.W.Shepherd married Susan, the daughter of the late Mr Peter Young Esquire of Melbourne and Clyde Park, Westernport.

While trove is a fantastic resource, it does not distinguish between the surname Young and the opposite of old, which led to many wasted hours. I did not find any other family notices or references to Clyde Park, Westernport apart from the 1895 marriage of his daughter.

I tried googling YOUNG with CLYDE, BERWICK and WESTERNPORT, the last named combination reminding me of a discovery I made at the P.R.O.V. (See SQUATTERS IN THE WESTERNPORT DISTRICT journal.)

A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the early 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at the Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)

Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.

The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.Ah hah, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.

Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.

Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)

Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.

Joseph Clarke of "Goolpala", Saltwater River (Probably the future "Rupertswood")might have bought all of Peter's property north of Melbourne.The Argus of 16-9-1865 reported, on page 2, the sale of the late Joseph's estate: lot 1. Nairn; lot 2.About 9 acres of portions 29 and 30 Doutta Galla near the racecourse (the future showgrounds site near Clarke Ave, Melway 28 F11); lots 3-9. original allotments in the Township of Seymour. N.B. Clarke may have bought the showgrounds land from the grantee, Pearson, who had sold 4 acres to John and David Charles Ricketts in 1851.

The advertisement states that Nairn was split into two farms, leased by Mr McIntosh (300 acres) and Mr Millar (450 acres.) Part of Nairn was to become William Michie's "Cairnbrae". It also stated that Peter had framed the economy of Nairn upon sure principles and described the orchards and so on. In 1860, W.C.Howie had been on Nairn and placed a notice about a black pig that had strayed into his paddock (The Argus 30-6-1860 page 8, last column.)

As we know that Peter was an auctioneer, he may have been a partner of the firm of Young and Timbury,which advertised the sale of the cargo of a ship in The Argus of 18-5-1860 (page 2, bottom of column 4.)
A George Young, from Tasmania was a pioneer near Dromana and might have been related to Peter. (See "A Dreamtime of Dromana".)Peter was certainly not related to Frankston pioneer, Mark Young, who was a Roman Catholic.
As Clyde is near Berwick, J.Young and James Grant Young (Argus 11-7-1883 page 5 and 10-10-1867 page 6 column 3) may have been related, although Mark Young was involved in the Dandenong area before moving to Frankston and they might have been related to him instead.

McCRACKEN.
Peter McCracken farmed on Stewarton from 1846 until 1855.This was the 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens between the Forman St and Lackenheath Dr. corners and extending to the Moonee Ponds Creek, which formed the eastern boundary.I have just spent two hours looking for the death notice of Peter's three year old son, William, in 1852, which I read last night but cannot now find! However, an indication of this death is found on page 722 of The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) of 3-11-1852.

One of the extracts from Melbourne papers was THE FARMERS' SOCIETY. The article concerns a presentation of a silver service to MR DAVID DUNCAN OF THOMPSON AND DUNCAN, CORNFACTORS, BOURKE ST, MELBOURNE. (David had been treasurer of the body since its inception.See David Duncan and William Thompson journal.)As the President, Peter McCracken of Stewarton, was absent due to a severe domestic calamity , Peter Young of Nairn took the chair.

Young William had walked with his siblings part of the way to school (at the two year old St Paul's Church of England in Broadmeadows Township at Melway 6 B7.) They would have crossed at the bottom of Pascoe St, where there was later a bridge according to Sid Lloyd, until it was swept away in a flood and required entry to Jim Barrow's Gladstone via Forman St.Young William probably slipped into the creek on the way home. (Extracts from The McCracken Letters provided by Deidre Farfor.)

Peter then had a dairy farm at Kensington, on allotments 19 and 18 of section 2, Doutta Galla, leased from John Robert Murphy, the grantee, from 1855 until 1863.This land lay between Kensington Rd and a line near Tennyson St (Melway 42 K4.)Peter suffered the loss of all his haystacks in 1861 and struggled through 1862 because the grass was poor and the hay expensive. After he had moved to "Ardmillan", his mansion at present 33-39 Ardmillan Rd, and ended his lease on the Kensington land, pork butcher, Samuel Cox, leased the old dairy and from 1874 to 1882 William Samuel Cox ran his Kensington Park Racecourse; when Kensington Park was subdivided, W.S.Cox started a new course on Feehan's farm, where it still stands, extended onto Long John Mooney's grant, and then to Wilson Rd.
(The McCracken Letters, P.5 "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb, "Ardmillan" Ray Gibb re address of the mansion.)

Optimistic reports of the Melbourne and Essendon Railway's meeting appeared on page 6 of the 30-8-1859 issue of The Argus. Directors appointed were George Holmes, Hugh Glass, J. Dinwoodie, C.Bradshaw, J.C.King, Peter McCracken and E.B.Wight. I think Holmes, a major contractor, who was building this line, was the man after whom Holmes Rd in Moonee Ponds West was named. Hugh Glass of Flemington House was a neighbour of Peter's brother, Robert and, with the McCrackens and Robertsons, owned most of the railway's route. Dinwoodie held a mortgage on the Aitken Estate at one time, the Bradshaws owned land at Hawstead and between Epsom and Union Rds, and Edward Byam Wight owned "The Ridge" across present Kensington Rd from Peter McCracken's dairy and the "Temperance Township" triangle mentioned in relation to the Bradshaws.(Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla- titles and parish map, The Stopover That Stayed.)

Peter is known to have been on Ardmillan by 1860; on page 4 of The Argus of 24-4-1860, appeared the death notice of John, the fourth son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan near Essendon, who had died of croup at the age of 2 years and 7 months.The railway opened at about that time but by 1864 it had to close because of insufficient patronage. No doubt James McConnell had sold his grants at Kensington and Moonee Ponds (bisected by Puckle St)at a good profit but the majority shareholders such as Glass and Peter suffered heavy losses. The former died from an "accidental overdose" and Peter lost Ardmillan.

He'd sold the part east of the railway to Taylor and by 1874, the rest of his estate had been sold, the homestead block to stock agent William Hudson and the western and northern portions to Edward Dale Puckle who sold subdivided land to such as Thomas Jennings Jnr, born in Melbourne in 1837.In a letter, Peter said that one consolation was that his new residence in Powlett St, East Melbourne was at least closer to work. And what was that? I'm going to make you wait.

Peter's brother, Robert, bought Ailsa from Captain Buckley; a letter from "Ardmillan" to Scotland indicates that this took place in April/May 1865, not in 1864 as stated by A.D.Pyke.The property was north of Kent St and went north to the Filson/South St midline. Glass had earlier purchased the Ascot Vale Rd frontage. In 1873, the Essendon Football Club commenced and played on the Ailsa paddock; it is claimed that the club had to move to another ground because the V.F.A. demanded a fenced ground in 1877, but it is more likely that the club moved to the East Melbourne Ground in 1875.John Filson lodged a subdivision plan for the paddock in 1875, naming the main streets after himself and his wife (nee Harding.)

Why didn't the club play at Windy Hill? Most football teams had formed from cricket clubs but Essendon was mainly composed of horse lovers. As most of the councillors were cricket lovers, they refused the "Same Olds" use of the ground. Later the council made the ground available to a V.F.A. club, Essendon Town (later known as Essendon A),which experienced great success in about 1910 when the great Dave McNamara was place kicking goals from 80 yards out and kicked the first century ever.A decade later many of their stars transferred to North Melbourne and the club folded. At last the ground was made available to the V.F.L. club "the Same Olds" which adopted the Bombers as a nick-name when aeroplane manufacturing no longer relied on aeroplane dope.

Ailsa was demolished when the house and a small portion of the land was sold to the Catholic Church. The new buildings functioned as a convent and college/university for a great length of time and recently became a Scientology centre.

The Mar Lodge Estate, adjoining Hoffman's Butzbach (later Croft's Buckley Park)was inherited by Francis Robertson of Upper Keilor, whose brother, James, inherited Upper Keilor and "Spring Hill" which became Aberfeldie. Francis, a bachelor and member of Parliament 1860-1864 and 1868-1886, built the 43 square homestead in 1863. He died at 1 p.m. on 11-3-1886 and the McCrackens bought MarLodge in 1888 according to the Essendon Conservation Study.

Coiler and Alexander McCracken sold 3 acres to the Government on 27-11-1910 for 1000 pounds; this was the original small portion of the Essendon High School site. Gordon Connor, one of the school's early pupils recalled cows grazing right to the high school fence. This continued for almost a decade until Mar Lodge was subdivided in 1919. There would have been no need to mow the grass because, on 7-1-1919,fire destroyed 150 acres of grassland owned by the late Alexander McCracken and tenanted by F.Flanagan.

Before continuing, I had better mention a bit about the McCracken family. It hailed from Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire, Scotland. Peter, Robert and Alexander Earle were three brothers involved in the Essendon area and there was apparently a sister, Grace, who married Alexander McGeoch, spirit merchant and died at the residence of her brother, Robert McCracken (The Argus 20-4-1859 p.4.)

Alexander Earle McCracken returned to Scotland in 1857 due to the ill health of his wife Jane. This reminds me of an error that I need to fix in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal. I stated that Jane had mentioned Thomas Millar's funeral but she had written about a grand festivity on "Miller's Farm"; another family member had written about the funeral.
Mar Lodge extended west from McCracken St to include all present Hedderwick St house blocks.Between there and Hoffmans Rd was Butzbach, granted to William Hoffman, a brick manufacturer. Alexander Earle McCracken was probably the first tenant on Butzbach and within ten months of the grant being issued had built stables with four stalls and a barn.In March 1851, he was building a house which was probably between Croft St and the bend in Price St (Melway 28 B2.)Alexander grew wheat (probably supplied to Barber and Young's flour mill on the Pipeworks Market site at Campbellfield) and the farm prospered but as mentioned earlier Alexander Earle and Jane returned home in 1857.

In a letter dated 14-4-1858, Robert told Alexander Earle that the McAuleys were now farming Butzbach. In the following year, the death occurred of nine year old Grace, the daughter of Mr Alexander Earle McCracken late of Butzback (sic), Saltwater River (The Argus 12-10-1859 p.6.) Not a good year for the McCrackens; little Grace had taken the same journey as her Auntie Grace and the optimism regarding the railway was to turn to heartache within a few years.

When Essendon F.C. started playing at Ailsa, Robert's 17 year old son, Alexander, a 17 year old Scotch College student, was its first secretary. Peter's son, Coiler or Collier, was the team's first captain. Alexander was to become the first President of the V.F.L. until shortly before his death in 1915. He was to become prominent in the Oaklands Hunt Club. He purchased "Cumberland" whose homestead ruins can still be seen at Melway 178 C12. After-hunt festivities were generally held at Cumberland, Alister Clark's "Glenara" or the Inverness Hotel until the club purchased "Sherwood". The Tullamarine community picnics, organised by its schoolteacher, Alec Rasmussen, were conducted on the 880 acre Cumberland, in 1909, 1910 and 1911. After Alexander's death, the Johnsons of "Glendewar" across the creek lived in its beautiful homestead but had to return to a humbler home when the Cumberland mansion was destroyed by fire.

Cumberland had a strong footy connection because of Alexander McCracken but also because of Thomas Wills, the grantee (of section 5 Will Will Rook?), an overlander, who was the uncle of Tom Wills, footy's creator, and Colden Harrison, codifier of the rules in 1866 and called the father of football.
("Running With The Ball" ? and A. Mancini.)

Cumberland was Alexander's country retreat but his real home was "North Park", now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodlands St, Essendon. His cousin, Peter's son, Coiler (obviously named after Coiler Robertson of La Rose) built Earlsbrae, which is now part of the Lowther Hall school. Coiler got into finncial difficulty and left for Bourke in New South Wales. (See "The Gold The Blue for extensive detail.)

COILER ROBERTSON, LA ROSE. See the journal about the 1847 Port Phillip Directory to find details about the "La Rose" Robertsons, the farm's location and two other Robertson families in the area.

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 6 months ago

JOHN TOWNSEND, DROMANA, VIC., AUST. : FIRST TO USE MOUTH TO MOUTH IN AUSTRALIA?

In 1954, James Elam was the first to demonstrate experimentally that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was a sound technique and, with Dr. Peter Safar, he demonstrated its superiority to previous methods. Peter Safar wrote the book ABC of resuscitation in 1957. In the United States, it was first promoted as a technique for the public to learn in the 1970s.
(Wikipedia.)

John Townsend(or perhaps his father) may have been one of the first people in Victoria to save a life using mouth to mouth resuscitation about 70 years before the technique was introduced in Australia.

In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear wrote the following about John Townsend.
P. 74. John Townsend (1840-1918) seems to have been a jack-of-all-trades. At one time he farmed where a Rosebud golf course is now situated on the slopes of Arthurs Seat. He also built houses and ran an early store in Dromana,in what had been George McLear's butchers shop. He lived on the (south)corner of Ligar and McCulloch Street opposite the State School,in what old-timers call Townsend's. The old house still stands. John is believed to have shot the last dingo on the Peninsula on the Anderson property (Barragunda)at Boneo (Cape Schanck).

John helped Simon,commonly called "Simon the Belgian" fence his land on the side of Arthurs Seat.

P.84.Charlie Dyson married a daughter of John Singleton and one of their children became Mrs John Townsend.(Does this tie in?)

P.120. John Townsend was one of the bondsmen for a loan of 300 pounds to build St Mark's Church of England in Dromana.

P. 126. An entry in George McLear's notebooks in 1880 advises that Townsend paid 35 pounds for the church....John Townsend was a man of many parts, among them a sometime builder. Perhaps he had a contract to re-erect the church...
(The above relates to the relocation of the Methodist Church from a site in Heales St to the Esplanade.)

MOUTH TO MOUTH.
Harold Wilson, eldest son of Mr and Mrs H. W. Wilson. of M'Culloch street, Dromana, had a very narrow escape from drowning last Saturday week. It appears the little fellow, in company with a small lad named Stanley Evans, was playing on the banks of a waterhole close to where Mr. Wilson is erecting his new slaughter house, and in some way he slipped into the hole, which had at least 5 feet of water in it. The other boy being un- able to render his unfortunate play mate any assistance, had the presence of mind to run down to where Mr Townsend and the Messrs Wilsons were at work, and informed them what had happened. They immediately hurried to the hole. Seeing no trace of the child, the father plunged in, and succeeded in bringing to the surface what he considered was the lifeless body of his son. However, Mr Townsend,who acted with judgment,was quickly at work, vigorously blowing his warm breath into the little fellow's lungs, until he slowly began to regain consciousness. Mr.G.M'Lear, who lives close to where the accident happened, was sent for, and rendered valuable assistance, but had it not been for the artificial respiration resorted to by Mr Townsend, it is doubtful whether the boy would have recovered.(P.5, Mornington Standard,10-12-1904.)

The wikipedia entry for Mouth to mouth resuscitation describes how it was developed in 1957 and was promoted in the U.S.A in the 1970's.

John Townsend's grants near Rosebud were crown allotments 31D and 31C,section B in the parish of Wannaeue. The former, consisting of 37 acres 1 rood 15 perches is bounded by Bayview/Old Cape Schank Rd,roughly the north-south part of Leura Crescent and Waterfall Gully Rd. The latter, of 100 acres and 2 perches adjoined it on the east and extended to the full length of Rosebud Avenue.(Melway 170 G 4-5.)

Early Horton Tasmania Settlers
and family from around the world
John Townsend

1865-1923

Gender: male
Birth: 1865 Dromana, Vic, Australia (More...)
Death: 1923 Melbourne, Vic, Australia (More...)
Parents

Father: John Townsend
Mother: Allison Mitchell
Family 1

Partner: Susannah Caroline Hanson (1864-1906)
Marriage: 1887 Dromana, Vic, Australia (More...)
Children

Elsie Townsend (1890-)
Jessie Allison Townsend (1892-)
Ellen Carolina Townsend (1893-)
John Leonard Townsend (1894-1951)
Arthur Gould Townsend (1899-)

It is possible that Susannah Caroline Hanson was a niece of Christian Hanson,who in 1887 was first assessed on one of William Hopcraft's grants in the parish of Balnarring on the east side of Tucks Rd at its northern end.
Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN makes it clear that she was not Christian's daughter. Her father or brother was possibly Charles Hanson,who with John Townsend was a member of an early dramatic company in Dromana, the Black Gulls. (Harry Wilson,probably the father of the boy saved by John Townsend, and George Townsend were also member.) The Townsends of Mornington may be related.

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG
SHIRE COUNCIL.
---------------
[Present, Crs Downward, (president), Baldry, Brown, Griffiths, Hurley, Wilson and Stanley.
REVISION COURT.
The Council sat as a Revision Court for the purpose of revising the voters' lists. The applications of T. M.
Dorley. and John A. Crichton were entertained. Those of Alfred P.Beecher and Charles Hanson, were disallowed.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-8-1892.)

EXCERPT FROM "Old Peninsula Days, Plays and Players"
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 21 February 1946 p 9 Article.

Mr. Harry Wilson. As a ? to these items was "Uncle Tom's Cabin in Five Minutes," the parts? in which were played by Mr. John Townsend (Simon Legree),Mr Chas. Hanson (Uncle Tom), and Mr Fred. Mellor (Little Eva).

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago

JOSEPH HARPER, WHEELWRIGHT, SPRINGS (near Keilor), VIC., AUST.

Joseph Harpen, the Springs
I was wondering if you have ever come across a Joseph Harpen of the Springs during your research? My great grandmother Catherine Guilfoyle was an Irish orphan assigned to him in 1849. In addition, Susan Guilfoyle was assigned to James Robertson of Portland in 1849. Do you know if he is connected to the James Robertson of La Rose?

Marcia, Ignore the first paragraph.
It's not much fun researching HARPEN on trove because most results are for happen, Harper and sharpen. I was going to link Harpen with Keilor or Doutta Galla but there seemed little prospect of getting a result, and based on one result and your mention of Portland,I entered Camperdown and Springs. There were probably scores of properties and places called Springs and it is possible that Joseph Harpen was at Springs near Camperdown.

Given that there were three totally unrelated James Robertsons within a few miles of Essendon (La Rose and Trinifour near Essendon; Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie; and Gowrie Park near Campbellfield), I would not even dare to suggest a relationship between Jimmy of Portland and the others. But you never know!

HANG ON, HANG ON, HANG ON!!!
What if the name of Catherine's employer in 1849 was Joseph HARPER? Joseph Harper was the wheelwright at the Springs in 1848 and 1849 and was up on a charge of dudding a servant. This does not mean that he was on the Foster estate stretching from Tullamarine to Keilor Park and if it did, there was no indication whether he was at the north end like David O'Nyall of the Lady of the Lake or on the road to Keilor.


For the delivery of the above mares and cattle, separately or conjointly to the under-signed, or Mr. Joseph Harper, Wheelwright at the Springs, the following rewards will be paid viz. :-£2 for the mare without foal and each of the three bullocks ; and 3 pounds, for the mare with foal.
WILLIAM O'NEIL,
Springs, Mount Macedon Road. September 19, 1848. (P.3, Argus, 26-9-1848.)

Mount Macedon Road doesn't help much to specify Harper's location because it was used to describe the road to Keilor and the one to Deep Creek (Bulla), and even Pascoe Vale Rd (the road to Sydney past the Young Queen Inn.) However William O'Neil is another matter.

A former policeman, called Gay Lothario in Angela Evans'"Keilor Pioneers: Dead men do tell Tales",William leased "Leslie Banks" from the Fosters for many years; Leslie Banks was across Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) from Springs, on the Maribyrnong River's banks, between the lines of Sharps Rd and Spence St. Soon after, the part of the Keilor Township in today's Horseshoe Bend Park was alienated in 20 acre lots, with lawyer F.D.Wickham securing most of them, but William O'Neil soon owned all of the horseshoe bend. This makes it likely that William O'Neil and Joseph Harper were operating on the road to Keilor rather than today's Melrose Drive.

It seems that Joseph Harper had moved to Kyneton by 1856.(P.5, Argus, 25-10-1856.)
He may have been an innkeeper at Woodend in 1852:
CAUTION.
LOST on the (I8th?) of November, between the Five Mile Creek, Mount Macedon, and Jackson's Creek, Two Cheques on the Union Bank of Australia. One on the 4th November, No 23, for £215/10 s. do. on tho 10th, No 43, for£215/15s; drawn in favor of Joseph Harper,innkeeper, of the Woods End Inn, Five Mile Creek. (etc.)
(Signed) JOSEPH HARPER. (P.8, Argus, 16-11-1852.)N.B. WOODS END looked like WEEDS BAD, due to a surplus of ink, so I hope my guess was right.

JOSEPH PORTA: the first manufacturer of bellows in Victoria, Australia.

Joseph Porta was of Italian origin but his family was resident in England, perhaps near Birmingham, and he emigrated to Victoria from there.By about 1861 he had received the grant (title from the Government) for Crown Allotment 63 Moorooduc near Somerville. Within a couple of years he became insolvent and became a cab driver in Mornington by 1866. In this year he was also making bellows, probably in Mornington. As the PORTAMOULDINGS company history explains, he established his Little Lonsdale St factory in Melbourne in 1868.
I have extensive information from Trove which I am willing to provide to people who have read the PORTAMOULDINGS website.Joseph's family was related by marriage to the Bennetts of Mornington.

1 comment(s), latest 2 weeks, 4 days ago

JULIE ANTHONY (DON'T CALL HER BETTY), FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN SINGER, AND HISTORICAL FICTION.

My subconscious tries to help me by producing historical fiction in the form of dreams which are so believable because I am actually reading text during the dream and that text makes perfect sense because it agrees with what is stored in my memory. These local history dreams are a by-product of being a TROVE junkie. Not one of these dreams has proved to be true but strangely they always lead to a discovery that would never have been made without the dream. That is why I still get on the computer as soon as I wake up in the hope that the dream might be true,because it was such a great story; I know that even if it wasn't true,there'll be a consolation prize.

Last night's dream was that Julie Anthony had found the story of William John Ferrier,whom she called Australia's greatest hero,so fascinating that she planned to turn it into an historic novel. That made perfect sense. Julie Anthony had spent holidays at Rosebud where Ferrier had lived for about a decade after becoming a hero and the former soldier who took her, and the object of her affection, on fishing trips might have regaled them with the story of the 1905 hero while they waited for a bite. That much could be true,although there's no proof of the story being told to them by George Jarry. There is absolutely no proof that Julie Anthony wrote a book about Ferrier!

At least I can prove that Julie Anthony was a famous Australian singer.

Julie Anthony (singer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Julie Anthony
Birth name Julie Moncrief Lush
Born 24 August 1949 (age 64)
Lameroo, South Australia
Genres Jazz
Occupations Singer, entertainer
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1960s2000s
Associated acts The Seekers
Julie Moncrief Lush AM OBE (born 24 August 1949 in Lameroo, South Australia), better known as Julie Anthony, is an Australian soprano and entertainer. She sang the Australian National Anthem at the Opening Ceremony of the 2000 Sydney Olympics with Human Nature.

She has also sung with The Seekers, first taking the place of Judith Durham as the lead vocalist in the song "The Carnival Is Over" for the Closing Ceremony of Expo '88. Later, Anthony became a member of the group with Bruce Woodley, Athol Guy and Keith Potger.

Anthony starred in both the Australian and West End productions of Irene in the mid-1970s.

At midnight between 31 December 1987 and 1 January 1988, in celebration of the start of Australia's Bicentennial year, Anthony sang the Australian National Anthem "Advance Australia Fair" on the national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, which continued to show the recording of her performance at the close of broadcasting for many years afterwards, until the broadcaster introduced 24 hour broadcasting.

Anthony is among the most awarded of Australian entertainers. She was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) (1980)[1] and a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) (1989)[2] and has been voted by her peers as "Entertainer of the Year" three times and "Best Female vocalist" 11 times. She also appeared in commercials for St.George Bank from 1974 until 1999.

Artist Biography
b. Julie Moncrieff Anthony, 23 August 1951, Galga, South Australia. Anthony was born in Galga (population 15) and raised on the family farm. In her teens she began singing with a local band and in 1970 won an amateur television talent quest. Her victory and the first prize ($600 and a trip to Tasmania) led to regular appearances on the Adelaide Tonight Show. She moved to Sydney, making television appearances and performing on the club and cabaret circuit, and eventually embarking on international tours. An engagement at the Hong Kong Hilton in 1973 was followed by the lead role in the Australian production of Irene. Three years later she starred in the UK version at the Adelphi Theatre. The Play and Players of London honoured her with the Best Newcomer (Actress) award for 1976. She returned to Australian television and appeared in three national specials, and in the same year she married her manager Eddie Natt. In 1977 she won the Sammy and Penquin awards for Best Television Variety Performer. Tours of America followed and Anthony worked with Bill Cosby, Roy Clarke and Merv Griffin. In 1980 she was awarded an OBE for services to the entertainment industry. Three years later she accepted the role of Maria in The Sound Of Music; following a season in Sydney, the show successfully toured major and regional centres.

For the 1988 World Expo held in Brisbane, Anthony was invited to sing with the re-formed Seekers, joining the group as lead singer from 1988-89. In 1988 she sang the national anthem at the official opening of Australias new Parliament House. The same year she returned to the stage in I Do!, I Do! In 1990, she was awarded AM in the Order of Australia for services to the entertainment industry. In 1994, Anthony further demonstrated her versatility by teaming with jazz musician Don Burrows (reeds/flute) for tours, including a successful appearance at the Jazz and Blues Festival at the Gold Coast International Hotel in 1995. A year later she returned to cabaret with a season at the Tilbury Hotel in Sydney. In her extensive repertoire she demonstrated great conviction, whether singing Amazing Grace or material ranging from Stephen Sondheim to the Beatles. In June 1996 she accepted a cameo role as a band singer in the Bruce Beresford film Paradise Road, starring Glenn Close and Jean Simmons. Julie Anthony is one of the best and most durable theatre and variety performers in the post-war Australian entertainment industry. She has won the prestigious Mo Award for Entertainer Of The Year three times, and Best Female Variety Performer nine times. An admirable singer and engaging personality, she has successfully blended her career and family duties.

DID YOU SPOT THE DIFFERENCE?
Galga is a tiny farming settlement (that might or might not have a pub)which is 145.1 km from Lameroo,just under three hours away by car. Lameroo is obviously the regional centre so the birth may have been at its hospital or the birth may have been registered there. So the place of birth is not a problem. But the date of birth certainly is!


How did I know about George Jarry and the fishing trips at Rosebud? That was certainly not in any Julie Anthony biography.


EXTRACT FROM MY JOURNAL "ROSEBUD ROLL OF HONOUR,1914-1918."
It cost George (Jarry)ten bob a year to join the RSL at The Old Green Mill in Melbourne. He then took a soldier settlement farm at Willaura for 3 or 4 years before selling up and coming to Melbourne where he purchased an international truck and carted bricks for approximately 15 years. Moving to Rosebud in 1939 George spent the years of the Second World War cutting and carting wood for those in need and essential services. Later buying a 24 foot fishing boat the Georgie (named by a friend after the manageress of the local hotel at the time) George carried passengers on fishing trips up until his retirement in 1963 and it was during this time that he met Ed Natt who was to become the husband of Julie Anthony and when Julie was honoured on This Is Your Life in July 1978 George appeared as a guest.

This website has a photo of Julie with George on his 90th birthday.
(Peter (George Henry) Jarry 605
www.tunnellers.net/profiles___photos/jarry_peter_605.doc
For reasons unknown, when George Henry Jarry enlisted in the A.I.F. he used his ..... In 1939 he moved the family to Rosebud to a small holiday house he had built ... One of his fishing companions was Eddie Natt who married Julie Anthony.)

Historical fiction is supposed to be based on fact. Only one of the birth dates can be correct! So if anyone wanted to make a movie (historical fiction)about Julie, the correct birth date would be needed.

THE CORRECT BIRTH DATE FOR JULIE ANTHONY. THEY CALLED HER BETTY!
BIRTHS
LUSH. On August 24, at Lameroo Hospital, to Betty and Les a daughter (Betty Moncrieff). Thanks to Dr.Cock and hospital staff. (Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Thursday 1 September 1949 p 44 Family Notices.)

KEILOR COUNCIL HISTORY (VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.)

THE CITY OF KEILOR RATES FEW MENTIONS IN A GOOGLE SEARCH. IT WILL NOW.

"In July 1975, when Keilor Council was sacked, and an administrator appointed,it was the first council to get the axe in the 133 years of local government in Victoria. (COUNCIL SACKINGS MAY GAIN FAVOUR, P.9, The Age,23-3-1981.)

Keilor was first incorporated as a road district on 3 March 1863. It became a shire on 22 December 1871, and was proclaimed a city on 29 April 1961.[2] Its boundaries were relatively stable throughout its existence.
On 15 December 1994, the City of Keilor was abolished, and its area divided by the Maribyrnong River and the Albion-Jacana freight railway line; its eastern section was merged with the City of Essendon, to form the newly created City of Moonee Valley, while its western section was merged with parts of the City of Sunshine, including St Albans, to form the newly created City of Brimbank. Melbourne Airport and a small section of Tullamarine, north of Sharps Road, were transferred to the City of Hume.[3]

Wards
The City of Keilor was divided into three wards, each electing three councillors:
Doutta Galla-Tullamarine Ward
Maribyrnong Ward
Niddrie Ward

Suburbs

Airport West
Avondale Heights
Calder Park*
Essendon West
Kealba
Keilor
Keilor Downs
Keilor East
Keilor North
Keilor Park
Kings Park
Melbourne Airport (shared with the Shire of Bulla)
Niddrie
St Albans (shared with the City of Sunshine)
Sydenham
Taylors Lakes
Tullamarine
* Suburb gazetted since the amalgamation. (Wikipedia.)

The Keilor district celebrated three milestones and souvenirs were published for each, relying on anecdotes from old residents in 1950, but if my memory is correct,most of the 1961 and 1963 content was compiled by Garnet Price,the City Engineer, who obviously had a love for the area's history. Garnet had moved to Sunshine,I think, before the sacking, with Bill Carlyle now the City Engineer.

The celebrations were:
1950-Centenary of the proclamation of the Village of Keilor;
1961-Proclamation of the City of Keilor;
1863-Centenary of the municipality's beginnings as a Road Board.

I will start with the years before the sacking because I know that I will find plenty of information up to the 1950's on trove. You will find the following nowhere else.

The city's accountant was Charlie Nicholls, who with Cr Leo Dineen had been on the V.F.L. umpiring list and was one of the first council officers to whom Leo introduced me upon my election in 1974. His son, Matthew, is now a senior A.F.L. umpire and officiated in the 2013 grand final.

The Tullamarine Progress Association had good support from Keilor councillors,Leo Dineen attending almost every meeting and Cliff Harvie many times but not as regularly because he was a stalwart of the Tullamarine Youth Club held in the same esteem as Ken Boots,Dave Axon, Trev. and Val Mason etc., in the mind of those who knew. A year or two before the sacking, the members of the municipal employees' union involved in collecting garbage went on strike.

Residents forced out of tip [coming soon]
The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Monday 12 November 1973 p 3 Article
... hundreds of residents out of the Keilor tip yester day after locked gates were cut open by two councillors. The two councillors used bolt cutters to allow about 250 residents to dump rubbish on the tip. The striking men, mem bers of the Municipal Employees Union, made some people carry their rubbish ... 136 words

Bins were full to overflowing and full of maggots, surrounded by garbage bags torn open by dogs and also full of maggots. I rang the M.E.U. secretary,a Mr Cole,I think,and gained his permission to collect Tullamarine's rubbish and take it to the tip. With the support of Carol Wright and many other volunteers, and Dave Calder's truck,this was done. There was a situation when we arrived at the tip, but it was soon resolved and the stinky mess was dumped. Judging by the above article,other areas did not have the same luck. I would not know which councillors cut the chains. I hadn't read the article of course,not having the Canberra Times home-delivered!
(It would not surprise me if one of them was blind!)

My memory is slipping because I can only remember eleven of the councillors at the time of the sacking,it might have been JIM Allen. The Tullamarine ward was represented by Leo Dineen,Leo Tadgell and Ray Gibb, Doutta Galla Ward by Neil Heinze, Neville Free and Peter Horman, Niddrie Ward by Nancy and Peter Kirschner and Dom. Cavallo,the Mayor,and Maribyrnong by George Seitz,Eric Allen and ?. (That was the missing one, not Jim Allen, a former councillor after whom was named a reserve that still exists because I was not a wheeler-dealer despite Eric Allen's efforts to make me one. Politics!

J.H.ALLEN RESERVE.
TO BE CONTINUED when I finish farms near Tulla and William Smith.(KEILOR PARK REP., UNUSUAL SPLIT, KELLY V PRICE)

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago

KEILOR HISTORICAL SOCIETY, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA (NEWSLETTER INDEX.)

On Saturday, 24-3-2012, I attended an open day at Harricks Cottage at Keilor. The invitation to attend had come after I had sent a request to the society for information about Bridget Madden of the Inverness Hotel who had been mentioned in Angela Evans' "Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales."

Harricks Cottage is a tribute to the leadership of Susan Jennison O.A.M., who has been President of Keilor Historical Society since 1990. This body was formed/reformed in 1989 and yours truly was elected as the foundation President. I was a researcher, not a meeting person, probably as a result of my brief tenure as a Keilor Councillor in 1974-5 which ended as a result of five other councillors and myself requesting Alan Hunt, Minister for Local Government, to sack the council. The Society meetings were an interruption to my research time and I must confess that I was a shocking leader. It was fortunate for the society that Susan Jennison took over.

Harrick's Cottage now sits amid a sea of huge industial estate buildings but as Susan managed to secure a large area of land, some sense of earlier tranquility remains. It is one of the few examples of ordinary early homesteads remaining anywhere near Melbourne. Unfortunately it is too small to be used as a museum but school groups often inspect the cottage as part of history excursions which include the history boards.

Harrick's Cottage is just one of the many projects achieved under Susan's leadership. The many history boards in the area recall much of its heritage, a lot of which had disappeared over the years. Susan managed to gain financial support from sponsors and Government bodies to preserve and recall the area's heritage. Much valuable research has been done by Joan Carstairs (St Albans Historical Society) and the Keilor Historical Society's first newsletter editor, Chris Lascowski.

I had the pleasure of meeting Dorothy Minkoff at the Open Day. She and Susan had curated the Law Enforcement During The Goldrush exhibition, the subject of the Open Day. It was the first time I had spoken to her since she had lent me a copy of her history of Ave Maria College in West Essendon. Apparently I had supplied her with some of my history, to which she said that she had often referred.

The reason that I undertook the trip up from Rosebud was twofold. I wanted to see the cottage which was a derelict wreck circa 1990 when I drove up Harricks Rd and came across Bernie McSweeney who told me about David Thompson and early aviators practising touch downs in the paddocks nearby. I also took a USB stick containing all my files (probably 4000 pages)relevant to the Keilor area. Christine Love, the Secretary (who lives at Melton and has no past association with Keilor but has a love of local history!) returned the favour with a couple of publications and a CD of Keilor Historical Society newsletters.

This CD is available from the society. I intend to write a series of journals containing and expanding on information in some of the newsletters. Each of the journals will have a surname list. This journal will consist of the subjects mentioned in each newsletter on the CD.

KEILOR HISTORICAL SOCIETY NEWSLETTERS.
JUNE 1990. Caroline Chisholm, 1868 Postal Directory, history panel project, site fixed for Keilor Village.

JULY 1990. The Keane murder, Keilor Cemetery original trustees and first burial, the Pastor's Prayer (possibly concerning the Harricks.)

AUGUST 1990. Concert in 1888, Mrs Jane Goudie's Keilor Hotel, the Keane murder, 19th century hygiene.
SEPTEMBER 1990. Fire (Rootsey, Toohey), coaches 1855,Keane murder, Victorian Gazeteer 1865 (description of Keilor), the Racecourse Hotel.

OCTOBER 1990. The Keane murder, shooting accident (Moak), Keilor notes Feb.1889, Caroline Chisholm shelter sheds.

NOVEMBER 1990.Plans to build replica of Chisholm shelter shed on original site, nine members of Yates family attend dance and they will help to clarify history of the Racecourse Hotel, history panels cost $2400 each and eight have been sponsored so far, Keane murder, (Victorian) Centenary tree planting by Keilor Shire 1934, sale of North Pole Inn (( west cnr Milleara Rd!)1859, rations 1855, Mrs Corcoran's store 1889, Keilor Police Station 1853-1873.

FEBRUARY 1991. Description of Keilor in 1888 (Irrigation etc; his "friend" was David Yates.) Cahill was on Gumm's Corner (later Borrells') and Goudie on Keilor Binn Farm, later renamed Brimbank by his daughter, Mrs Dodd.

MARCH 1991. Essendon Gazette advertisements 1891 (Anglers' Hotel, Maribyrnong; McGrath's racecourse Hotel and royal mail, Dodd's dairy in St James St, Moonee Ponds; E.Hassed storekeeper and butcher), opening of the Arundel bridge, 1863 Road Board minutes, the Mansfield drowning. Two points of interest are that the Dodds had renamed Oakley Park as The Oaks and that the Mansfields would have been crossing the Arundel bridge rather than Bertrams Ford if the partly built bridge had not been swept away by the huge 1906 flood, ruining the original contractor.

APRIL/MAY 1991. St Augustine's, Keilor. The original trustee was Owen Connor, not O'Connor.He received the grants to most of the suburban allotments that made up Keilor Binn Farm (the part of Brimbank Park north of the e-w transmission line.)Owen Connor and Patrick Phelan were spirit merchants who lost heavily in land speculation. Patrick was tossed off Spring Park but had shrewdly put another block into a trust for his daughter who married William Connor if my memory is correct. Owen lost Keilor Binn Farm to Hugh Glass (from whom Goudie probably bought it) and returned to Ireland but William and Sarah Connor resided at Franklyn Farm until they died. The farm's name was strange given that it derived from Henry Eldridge's Sir John Franklin Hotel which stood at the east corner of Collinson St (Survey map and titles information.) One of the most entertaining pieces of history that I have ever read is a letter from Owen Connor (in Ireland) that is reproduced in Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES. The spelling of the words is exactly as he would have pronounced them, I tink!

JUNE 1991. Oliver-Seuling wedding with a list of guests and their presents.It is possible that the bridesgroom was from the east riding of the shire of Melton (west of Sydenham)where Oliver and Bubeck families lived. Vera Bubeck was a bridesmaid and cousin of the bride. There was quite a German vigneron presence near Vineyard Rd west of Sunbury in early days. The Seulings were also related through marriage to the Dodds.

JULY 1991. Keilor Road (Sydenham) history and 1868 residents, the robbery at Crawford Harvie's Union Hotel there.

AUGUST 1991. A short history of Keilor found in the ashes of Elsie Ross's home. The history is quite accurate but some corrections or clarifications are needed. Sheep farming was certainly the specialty on Taylor's Overnewton but the McNabs were breeders of prize Ayrshire cattle and dairy farmers. They may have engaged in sheep farming on their closer settlement block between the Calder Highway and the river where Oakbank Rd is located.The original Church of England and school fronted the south side of Mt Alexander Rd between Bonfield St and the river.
The school was later relocated further up Bonfield St and then onto David Yate's racecourse. A new church was built in Church St (present heritage site) circa 1877.
As shown in the first issue of the newsletter Keilor was proclaimed a township in 1850, this being the reason for the Centenary Celebrations of 1950. There was no council before the formation of the Roads Board in 1863,recalled by another celebration and souvenir in 1963.(The third celebration and souvenir, in 1961, was in regard to the proclamation of the City of Keilor.)
The destruction of Elsie's home is in a later issue if my memory is correct.

SEPTEMBER 1991. Electricity comes to Keilor 1935, suggestion of night council meetings causes mirth in 1928, McNab, Grant, Cahill, Delahey, Milburn biographies from Victoria and Its Metropolis.

OCTOBER 1991. The Robertson family. The page of scribbled notes headed Spring Park came, without doubt, from Deidre Farfor, a descendant of James Robertson who provided much information to me about the often confused Robertson families that are the subject of one of my journals. James Collier, who is mentioned, bought the northern part of the Niddrie Quarry site on section 12 Doutta Galla (Main's Estate.) Although I did not intend to include much detail in this journal, I will paste details from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA here.
LOT 12? COLLIERS FARM.
James Collier bought the remaining 45* acres 2 roods 3 perches from the Bears on 14-2-1849 for 87 pounds cash. (*Called 55 acres in the Bear index but the memorial, which must have been written with poor quality ink, does say forty five.) Id be willing to bet my last dollar that this was lot 12. It was north of Coxs land and covered the rest of the quarry site (to a latitude indicated by the northern boundary of the Peter Kirchner Reserve east of the creek). Colliers index reveals that he also had land on 6C (bisected by Puckle St/Holmes Rd). Another memorial concerns 39 acres in Doutta Galla (perhaps the land on 6C). Other memorials are:
K 750. 14-10-1850. Equitable Mortgage of 45 acres 2 roods 3 perches commencing 67 chains from the s/w corner of section 12 and extending 1406 links to the northern boundary of section 12. Charles Payne paid 35 pounds to James Collier.
236 954. 27-8-1860. Equitable Mortgage of the same land to secure to Margaret Harriss the repayment of 160 pounds she had lent to James Collier. I have been unable to determine whether Collier was able to repay the money or forfeited the land. However, this mortgage has helped to locate a farm mentioned by Angela Evans in Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales. Lawrence Kelly seems to have settled in Keilor by 1861. (Keilors ratebook of 1868 shows that he was leasing 18C of 163 acres from J.P.Bear.) By 1875, according to the above book, he was also renting 48 acres at Spring Gully from Margaret Harris. This would seem to indicate that Collier did lose his block if Margaret Harris still had ownership 15 years later.
The acreage of Colliers Farm does seem to have been 45 83/160 acres. It is likely that Patrick Joseph Corcoran was leasing it in 1900-1 (part lot 0 section 12, 46 acres). Colliers Farm was described as 46 acres when the late Alexander Smiths land west of Spring Gully was advertised for sale on 13-3-1916.
N.B. The entry for Colliers Farm in Sam Merrifields House Names Index edited by Lenore Frost, is wrong. The farm described is actually Smiths Norwood. (See section 9.)
376 185. James Colliers will of 26-1-1866 left all his (unspecified) estate to his daughter Mary, subject to an annual payment to James Colliers wife Margaret. James died on 15-12-1868. These details were recorded much later on 13-8-1892 (376 185) and Mary was Mrs Amiss. The arrangements resulted from a marriage settlement between Mary and John Haines Amiss (soon to marry Mary) and the executors, James Jenning and John Cunningham, on 28-7-1879.

Practically every farm from Sharps Rd to the Maribyrnong River, south of Buckley St, had Spring in its name. The Fosters called their property between Sharps Rd and Spence St "Springs", Phelan had Spring Park and Springfield adjoined it on the west side of Steele's Creek (Spring Gully), James Wilson's (later James Anderson's) farm on the west side of Hoffmans Rd was Spring Bank and James Robertson Senior called his farm south of Buckley St "Spring Farm". James Robertson Junior built a house on the last property following his mother's death and called it Aberfeldie. His brother Francis built, named and died in the Marlodge homestead; Mar Lodge included all McCracken St house blocks.Coiler McCracken married James Robertson Junior's daughter.

NOVEMBER 1991.Extract from the 1856 electoral roll.Cavenagh should be Cavanagh. Colier should be Collier. Gerrite should be Geraghty. Harvie Crawford should be Crawford Harvie (of Sydenham). Heldrige should be Eldridge. Dr Charles Kent actually lived in Arabin St, Keilor Village (Nov., Dec. 1992 newsletter.) James Laverty's Harvest Home Hotel was actually in Moonee Ponds, roughly between Hinkins St and Mt Alexander Rd, but he had land in Mains estate west of Steele's Creek fronting the north side of Rosehill Rd. O'Connor should be Connor as explained earlier.

DECEMBER 1991. Description, by Mrs Clinton, of nature and children's pursuits in the Keilor area that another whose origin was in Keilor (Donald McDonald, Argus nature journalist)would have been proud to have written. An article about fishing at Horseshoe Bend. It is interesting that Mrs Joyce Clinton, who grew up in Braybrook, knew Solomon's Ford as Clancy's Ford. A map of Braybrook North Township shows that Clancy had all the land on the Canning St side of the ford at Melway 27 C8. Poor Clancy had most of his rock wall pulled down by the henchmen of Thomas Derham, President of Braybrook Shire, who according to Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN made a fortune selling horses, that had grazed on other people's land, to the army in India.

JANUARY, FEBRUARY 1992. Keilor electoral roll for 1903. The electorate was obviously west of the Maribyrnong River as nobody in the parishes of Tullamarine and Doutta Galla is listed. Three people with the surname of Fitzpatrick may have been children of a closer settlement farmer in the Avondale Heights area, related by marriage to the Crotty family of Broomfield in Tullamarine. It includes Sydenham residents such as Edward Joseph Landers, a railway repairer, whose descendants became pioneers of the area (about which Merv Landers supplied me with much information circa 1990.)It is interesting how many people were employed at Rupert Clarke's Rockbank Estate and the Taylors' Overnewton Estate. The same situation existed at Sunbury where Rupert Clarke's Rupertswood Estate (so-named by his father, Sir William) provided employment to many residents.

MARCH, APRIL 1992. Christ Church construction 1877, Mayoral Reports mid 1960's and early 1970's detailing progress, (City of Keilor proclamation) Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir 1961 "Hoffmans Road-Niddrie's Sorrow.
Eddie Deutcher was the first settler on the west side of Hoffmans Rd.The Cordite (Swing) Bridge between Maribyrnong and Avondale Heights was said to have been built in about 1904 but it would have been about a decade later, to connect the Cordite factory with the army railhead at East Keilor, during World War 1.
Hoffmans Rd was the obvious connector between Keilor and Essendon, leading some to believe that the North Pole Inn was near Hoffmans Rd. The original north south road was however Milleara Rd, originally known as North Pole Road, which led to Solomons Ford as did Braybrook Road (Buckley St.) Hoffmans Rd was unmade and had the notorious Moushall Ave dogleg until negotiations took place in the Fullarton household between Dorothy Fullarton and her son Graeme, Mayors respectively of Essendon and Keilor.
Here are some of Eddie Deutcher's memories from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.
HOFFMANS RD 1923-1969. Eddie Deutchers memories. The Fullarton Connection.
It is of interest that in 1923 Hoffmans Rd only went south to the northern end of Moushall Ave, which was originally called Hoffmans Rd until 9-11-1960 (Land Plan 10004). Keilor Council had first made moves to have Hoffmans Rd constructed in 1945 but it was not until November 1969 that the road was made. Essendon and Keilor had agreed in 1957 to construct the road forthwith but it was 10 years before work started. The hold up was a dispute about the proposed width, the two councils preferences differing by two feet. No doubt the Fullarton connection had something to do with the eventual resolution. John Andrew Peter Fullarton was an Essendon councillor from about 1958 for 13 years (followed by his wife, Dorothy, Essendons first female councillor, until 1986.) Their son Graeme was Mayor of Keilor in 1969-70. (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND PAGE F.96-7.)
The land plan also shows that Garnet St was called Grieve St until 8-6-1962.
It seems that the 1923 subdivision of Springbank fizzled, probably because the tramway extension to Hoffmans Rd did not eventuate. (The Tramway Extension Estate with frontages to Hoffmans Rd and other, but defunct, streets, was advertised for sale on 12-4-1919 according to Bob Chalmers Annals of Essendon, but obviously shared the same fate.)
SPRINGBANK LINGERS.
On 25-7-1930, when James Anderson mortgaged his land across Green Gully Rd from Braeside (13K Maribyrnong of 35 acres, from the midline of Buchan and Tarwin Courts to the bridge) he was described as a dairyman, formerly farmer, of Buckley Park. As explained before, the location of Springbank was known as Buckley Park in those days, the modern designation of Niddrie not having spread south from 17B, which Henry Stevenson had so-named after a suburb of his native Edinburgh in about 1870. The double storey brick Springbank mansion must have been decaying as it was demolished in the 1930s. James Anderson may have built a new farmhouse before moving to Braeside. Eddie Deutcher said that when he arrived, the farmhouse was a pink weatherboard occupied by Merle someone and then Mr Shell from 1954 or 1955.

EDDIE DEUTCHERS MEMORIES.
Ralph Dixon has been mentioned earlier. It is unclear which side of Hoffmans Rd he built on C.1923 but Eddie Deutcher recalls that he was later living opposite Mary St (present No. 49). The Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir edition of 1961 (Proclamation of the City of Keilor) states wrongly that Eddie Deutcher was the first resident on the Keilor side of Hoffmans Rd; Ralph beat him by quite a few years.
A Mr Spencer subdivided his land into four blocks of 44 ½ x 138 feet (their depth later reduced to 130 feet when Hoffmans Rd was made.) Spencer, of Price St, died in 1980 and his widow later lived next door to Eddie Deutcher. The only other resident of Hoffmans Rd when Eddie moved in was Harry George at the corner of Mary St. Eddie says that the development of Hoffmans Rd mainly took place between 1951-2 and 1965. In 1949, Eddie bought his block (No. 63) for L135. The other blocks sold for L500 (C.1953), L750 (1956) and $15 000 (about 1969). Eddie moved onto his block from St Kilda in 1951 but had to live in a caravan for 2 ½ years because of the post-war shortage of building materials.
Council- owned land in George St was an unofficial dumping ground and a haunt of youngsters who gathered there to smoke. The tip was the source of several fires that threatened the widely scattered houses.
There used to be a training track for trotters near Garnet St.
The Clippertons were another early family in the area. Russell Clipperton was a foundation pupil at the Doutta Galla Primary School. Part of what we now call Hoffmans Rd was occupied by Fred Clippertons car wrecking yard and people travelling south had to take the Hoffmans Rd Dogleg which is now called Moushall Ave.
The first shop in Hoffmans Rd was Fred Cooks general store on the Teague St corner, later Joe Wileys and a self serve bottle shop. Probably next was the green grocery started, and still operated many decades later, by Tony Sicerliano. Ray Orchards model aeroplane shop and Miss Gartlands pharmacy were features of the shopping centre for many years.
Power and water came to Eddie and his neighbours in 1953 and sewerage in 1965.
In 1954, Eddie became a Keilor councillor and judging by his grasp and recall of details as shown above, he would have been a good one.
More of Eddies memories are on Pages D. 95-8 of my Dictionary history of Tullamarine and Miles Around.


MAY, JUNE 1992. Contribution by Angela Evans. Books about the Keilor area. Minutes of the request for and foundation of the Keilor Road Board.

JULY, AUGUST 1992. Details of the ceremony for the opening of the (extant) iron "Flower Basket" bridge at Keilor.

SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER 1992. The discovery of the Keilor Cranium at Melway 14 K2 (approximately) and detail about the Kulin nation.

NOVEMBER, DECEMBER 1992.Extracts from the Keilor Centenary booklet of 1950 about many pioneers and original locations of buildings. Research into the Caroline Chisholm shelter shed.

JANUARY, FEBRUARY 1993. More extracts from the above booklet. A long article about Lady Franklin because of land that she and Sir John supposedly had on North Pole Road. None of the information was about the Keilor area. The vice regal couple may have had a little portion of J.P.Fawkner's 11B Doutta Galla but title searches have produced no evidence of it. This land, between Milleara and Rachelle Rds (south of Clarks Rd)was occupied by Currie, Dr Crooke's "Brompton Lodge", John Beale's "Shelton", John Duhey, part of Sandy Smith's "Norwood" etc. The portion of Keilor Park east of Collinson St, on which Henry Eldridge built the Sir John Franklin Hotel, was called Franklin Village in one source. However the titles information below, from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA make no mention of Sir John or Lady Franklin's involvement there either. One piece of land owned by the Franklins was section 23 Doutta Galla ("St Johns" granted to a corrupt official of that name, including Strathmore Heights and parts of Essendon Aerodrome and Strathmore North.

TITLE INFORMATION RE 18 A.
It seems that Grey conveyed his share of the grant to Wedge in N 420. Wedge conveyed 18 A to John Gemmell (38 417). On 31-12-1853, Gemmell sold the 132 acres 3 roods and 20 perches to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw for L2657/10/-. Charles and Joseph Bradshaw were involved with 9 of the 20 crown allotments between Brewster and Glass Sts in Essendon, and much of the land between Union and Ascot Vale Rds. It is likely that MacKenzie, who bought most of 18A from the Bradshaws, was the man involved in land dealings in the North, Middle and South St area at Ascot Vale.
The Bradshaws subdivided the grant, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets. I believe the first two were named after ships commanded by Nelson at Trafalgar. The Bradshaws may have also named Victory St after Nelsons flagship but the street is not mentioned in the memorial. However it is also possible that the name arose in the 1920s when streets in The Central Estate (Keilor Park) were to be named after streets in Melbourne. Permission to do this was refused because of possible confusion with streets 2 ¼ miles to the East (at Melway 28, D/1), so the names were adapted by the addition or deletion of TON in many cases. Victory St could be a corruption of Victoria St.
The Sir John Franklin hotel, shown on the east corner of Collinson St and Keilor Rd in the 1860 survey map, was actually on lot 1 of allotment A and Henry Elridges purchase of this land from Charles Bradshaw is recorded in 20 361. Eldridge bought his corner block for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. It consisted of 1 acre 3 roods and 17 perches, having frontages of 132 ft to Keilor Rd and 606 ft on the western boundary (Collinson St). The boundary between his lot 1 and Highs lot 2 was 621 ft because the northern boundary (roughly indicated by Swan St) was not parallel with Keilor Rd. The Sir John Franklin Hotel is shown in this portion of the Crown Survey map. (Map cannot be pasted here!)

Two other early purchases from Charles Bradshaw were lot 2 (John High, 20 360) and J.MacKenzie (4 pieces, 24 734).
High made his purchase on the same day as Eldridge, paying 285 pounds for lot 2 of 1 acre 3 roods and 24 perches. His land only contained 7 more perches than Eldridges and he paid a pound for each one. (A perch is 25 x 25 links or roughly 5 x 5 metres.) He had the next 132 ft Keilor Rd frontage and his eastern boundary, 2/5 of the way to Erebus St, was 637 feet.
John Mackenzie bought his four parcels in 18A and 50 ½ acres in section 21on 15-3-1855. He paid 3000 pounds to Bernard Kavanagh who had paid 3959 pounds to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw previously (24 734). Kavanagh must have been desperate for cash to accept such a loss. Had he mortgaged the four parcels to the Bradshaws and been unable to complete repayments?
The first parcel was bounded by the eastern boundary of 18 A (a line north from the Roberts Rd corner), Snow St, Terror St and the Government road (Keilor Rd).
N.B. Highlighted names are those specified in the memorial.
The second was bounded by the line of Roberts Rd, Spence St, Erebus St and Snow St , but excluded a half acre water reserve 8 chains (8 mm on Melway) east of Russelton St and a road leading to it from Snow St.
The third was bounded by Keilor Rd, Terror St , Snow St and Erebus St but excluded a block with frontages of 132 ½ feet to Keilor Rd and 617 feet to Terror St, which had been sold to David Moolhein.
The fourth was bounded by Erebus St, Spence St, Collinson St and, after skirting around Eldridge and Highs lots, the government road 662 ½ feet south east to the Erebus St corner,
Lots 1 and 2 consisted of 5.79 acres (965x600 links) and Moolheins block 1.87 acres (935x 200 links) so by deducting this 7 acres 2 roods and 19 perches from 132.3.19, we can ascertain that Mackenzie owned 125 acres 1 rood and 1 perch of allotment A, section 18.
On 22-9-1856, Mackenzie conveyed the first parcel of land (bounded by Roberts, Snow, Erebus and Keilor Rd) to William Connor for 462 pounds. This land would have consisted of about 24.4 acres (41 243). Williams widow, Sarah, still owned this land in 1900.She had about 160 acres (lots 23, 24, 33-36, 38-40 in section 19, hence 61 acres) and 18A (99 acres to equal the total of 160 acres). John and Edward McNamara were leasing 369 acres (Spring Park, Springfield and logically 25 acres of 18A.)
As Sarah Connor was leasing 78 acres in sections 18 and 21 and also owned 31 ½ acres east and s/w of the cemetery, she must have been a busy widow.
45 733 R.G.Watson.
On 6-2-1857, John Mackenzie sold lot 13 to Robert George Watson. The boundaries of this land started 861 ft west from the s/e corner of 18A and went west for 132 ft, north for 601 ft, east for 136 ½ ft and south for 617 ft. This was exactly the same block at the corner of Mackenzies third parcel that had been owned by David Moolhein in 1855.
On 9-7-1864, Mackenzie sold lots 28-31 of 18A and 50 ½ acres of section 21 to E.Joyce, who paid 2067 pounds to Mackenzie and 108 pounds to Robert Joseph Peel. The 50 ½ acres had been bought from J.F.L.Foster by John Peel for L2015/8/9 on 27-6-1855 and adjoined lots 28-31. The 18A land was the 2nd parcel specified in 24 734 (bounded by Spence,Erebus, Snow and the eastern boundary of 18A ( a line north from the Roberts Rd corner). John Peel had bought this land (lots 28-31) for L290/19/6 on 29-6-1860
but had probably mortgaged it to Mackenzie and been unable to repay the money.

I CAN VAGUELY REMEMBER CHRIS LASKOWSKI BEING UNABLE TO CONTINUE AS EDITOR FOR SOME REASON BUT SHE MAINTAINED HER ASSOCIATION WITH THE SOCIETY. SUSAN JENNISON BECAME THE EDITOR.

SEPTEMBER 1996. Charles Brown Fisher, Keilor Courthouse/Shire Hall heritage Classification, The Gourleys-Closer Settlement pioneers at Sydenham and the Boundy store, Dodd's homestead and a partial parish of Maribyrnong map.
It is not mentioned that Fisher also owned the part of Avondale Heights east of North-Military Rd as well as Aitken's grant to the east. This seems to have been in the boom years of the late 1880's. Taking an each-way bet, Fisher also owned Woodlands near Bulla (and possibly Cumberland, south of it.) Whether the railway went to Bulla along the Maribyrnong or along Bulla Rd, he was sure to make a killing.The depression ended the idea of the railway and caused Fisher's bankruptcy.Losing Woodlands and Maribyrnong to Tommy Bent, he leased Oaklands at the south corner of Oaklands and Craigieburn Rds for a while.
George Boundy's original store was probably the one at Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows)where the milk bar is located today near the historic bridge.


OCTOBER 1996. Gold escorts, Matthew Goudie, film history in Footscray,spraying caterpillars in New Zealand, the 1928 bridges for the Albion-Jacana line.

NOVEMBER 1996. Cup Eve Ball recipe for a fruit salad for 200 people, photo with no text about the Cordite bridge, 1968-9 Mayoral Report, more about New Zealand.

DEC. 96, JAN. 97. Council's scheme to reclaim the Tea Gardens and the Maribyrnong Valley, including information about closer settlement pioneer, David Hicks.

FEB., MARCH 1997. Extracts from 1971-2 Mayoral Report (Overnewton, the Organ Pipes, the Sydenham development), the Eureka's Children project.

APRIL, MAY 1997. Repeat of opening of Keilor's iron flower basket bridge. Many interesting articles regarding the archeological discoveries at the two sites on the Maribyrnong near Keilor and a map showing the actual locations of the sites; the Green Gully site was actually at the location of the wetlands area of Brimbank Park (Melway 14 G9.)The 1928 bridge over the Maribyrnong on the Albion-Jacana Line.Extracts from the Brimbank Council website re history and ward boundaries. I am most impressed by the names given to the wards!

JUNE, JULY 1997. Some issues in which the society is involved. Extracts from a history text about Geelong Grammar's Timbertop campus near Mansfield with extensive detail about the Hunter and Watson families.(It mentions that Keilor, Watsonia and Rosanna owe their names to James Watson but the author was apparently unaware that Watson was the grantee of Hugh Glass's Flemington Estate and so-named it after an estate that his father managed in Scotland. Watson and Hunter were partners in the Marquis of Ailsa's firm which explains the naming of Hunter and Ailsa Streets in Keilor Village. I think Watson also received the grant for the 160 or so acres between Lincoln Rd and Mar Lodge and built some sort of store near where Tulip Wright built the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel.) Photos of the Dodd Homestead, Sunshine Harvester Works and Lagoon Motors in Keilor Village circa 1940.

AUGUST, SEPTEMBER 1997. The Fox family of North Pole Rd and Barbiston, Tullamarine, with keen photographer, Martha Fox, being the major focus. Unfortunately no detail is given of the location of the farm in North Pole Rd but the extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA (in italics below) might help. The "Block" probably comprised lots 1 and 2 of the Arundel Closer Settlement, adjoining Barbiston where Arundel and NcNabs Rds meet. Hopefully the two Fox houses near this junction are still standing. Geraghty's Paddock on the North side of Annandale Rd, over the road from Alf Cock's Glenvue, is another Closer Settlement block not mentioned.

ALLOTMENT C OF SECTION 18.
Bounded by Milleara Rd., Clarks Rd. and Spring St. and consisting of 162 ¾ acres, 18C was granted to D.T.Kilburn. He had also received the grant for lot 13 of section 4. Lawrence Kelly was leasing this property by 1868 and by 1875 was also leasing Colliers Farm (at the n/w corner of section 12), which adjoined the s/e corner of 18C.
The Geological Survey map of 1860 shows a quarry used for road metal on 18C near Keilor Rd. This quarry and the ones near the s/w corner of the Essendon Aerodrome site may have been operating since, or before 1842, when Denis Larry was listed in the directory as a quarryman of Doutta Galla. The one on Kellys farm may, however, have been opened by Samuel Charles Brees*, who stated, on 20-1-1853, Quarries are likewise opened at several parts of the line for the bottoming and levelling of the road.
(*Brees was in charge of the construction of Mt Alexander Rd to the diggings and built the first substantial bridge at Keilor in 1854. A street in East Keilor was named after him by Garnet Price.)

In 1875 Kelly was leasing the 163 acres from J.P.Bear and was leasing 48 acres near Spring Gully from Mary Harris. Kelly married Margaret Fox in Ireland in 1854, which is significant. Michael Fox arrived from Kings County, Ireland, with his widowed mother and a brother and sister according to Rose Reddan (nee Fox). Did his widowed mother come to Australia in 1866 to be with a sister named Margaret? This is likely as Michael, who married Rose Reilly on 20-7-1873, named one of his daughters Margaret. She died in March 1878 at only 10 months of age. In 1900, Michael Fox owned the Corcorans North Pole Farm and Kellys 163 acres, a total of 344 acres. Michael bought Barbiston at Tullamarine soon after. His son, John still owned 18 D and C twenty eight years later when the Albion-Jacana rail branch was built. Ray Taylor told me that John sold land for a station to T.M.Bourke in 1928 and later sold the property to Ansair. Michael Fox lived in the house on the corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds. until his death in 1918.
The Fox family used to spell their dry cows on The Oaks across Milleara Rd.
For some reason, there are photos of Mars that Martha would have liked.

OCTOBER, NOVEMBER 1997. Extract from Victorian Historical records re Charles Grimes which gives a misleading impression that the explorations by Grimes and the short tenure of Collins' settlement in Port Phillip Bay in 1803 were connected. Photos and captions that will require a good magnifying glass. Extracts from Victoria and its Metropolis, written in 1888, (Hunter and Watson, descriptions of Braybrook, Keilor, Broadmeadows, Melton areas, A'Hearn of Epping, John Anderson-whose house still stands between the bridge and hall at Westmeadows, Dennis Cahill of the Gumm's Corner farm taken over by Jose Borrell in 1916; the Cahill homestead still stands near the bike path, William Delahey of Oakley Park and Leslie Banks.) Robert Hoddle's March 1839 map showing a railroad proposed from Melbourne to Liardet's Beach or Sandridge, the West Melbourne Swamp that made Solomon's ford necessary and the burial ground in the Flagstaff Gardens/Vic. Market area.

FEB., MARCH 1998.The start of a yacht race is mentioned to illustrate that such events can become great history if they are recorded in diaries.Early places of worship and stone buildings near Keilor with a very good picture of the Robertson "Upper Keilor" homestead near the Keilor Golf Course. Part of Brimbank Cultural Heritage Study. Excellent photo of the Flower -basket bridge at Keilor followed by an article about Victoria's timber bridges. The Collins settlement at Sorrento.

APRIL, MAY 1998. Harrick's Cottage restoration became possible on 14-5-1998. Bulla Directory of 1868. (This includes landowners around Bulla but does not seem to include residents up Oaklands Rd; they would have been listed under Oaklands Junction. The Reddans were north of Dickins Corner -Melway 176 D7- one of their farms being "Holden View" and John Dickens (sic) on Coldingham Lodge south of the bend. Walter Clark of Glenara is listed but his neighbours to the south such as the Mansfields, Grays, Charles Farnes, the Ritchies etc would have been listed under Tullamarine. Two residents with a connection to Keilor were Dugald Stewart whose daughter married James Anderson of Spring Park/ Braeside and the Tates of "Pleasant Vale" on Tullamarine Island north of George Randall. Some of the Wildwood Rd residents were the McAuliffes of "Wildwood", David Patullo of "Craig Bank" and John Fanning of Emu Flat. Edward Fanning's family still had "Sunnyside" south of the Loemans /Diggers Rest Rd junction in the 1990's and probably still owns it after over a century and a half of occupancy;See Kathleen Fanning's FANNING FAMILY website which has a good Bulla parish map.) Memories of old Keilor resident,William Johnston, which indicates that the Eldorado Hotel was later John Eagling's Waggoners' Arms and David Yates Racecourse Hotel on the west corner of Arabin St. The Eldorado was run by Donald McDonald's father for some time; Johnston genealogical information. The Sydenham Public Hall, Proposal for Sydenham Park (Robertson's Upper Keilor Homestead area). Platypus Survey. No toilets for pioneering women!









TO BE CONTINUED.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 6 months ago

KEITH McGREGOR OF FINGAL AND ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

An hour transcribing assessments for the Hindhope Estate (1919-20) has resulted in the need for three new journals about this estate, Keith McGregor and Thomas Waldron of the parish of Moorooduc.

I have stated in my EARLY ROSEBUD journal that Keith McGregor married Mabel Adams of Hopetoun House (Wattle Place near the McCrae Car Wash site)(1), that he had a farm at Fingal near Hill Harry Cairns' Maroolaba (2), and that he lived for a time on The Thicket at Rosebud (2). I also mentioned that he sold his carrier business, which he had bought from Carrier Harry Cairns, to Mabel's brother, Billy.(3)
1. Harvey Marshall's scrapbook-Adams genealogy.
2. The late Ray Cairns. 3. The Cairns Family of Boneo, written by Peter Wilson using Ray's information.

When I interviewed Ray Cairns ten days after he turned 100, I gained only a general idea where Keith farmed at Fingal. I was slightly puzzled when Ray said that Keith did not have much land at The Thicket. Now everything is clear due to a check that I did after transcribing the Hindhope rates.

When I was transcribing the Shire of Flinders rates from August 2010 to the end of that year, Keith McGregor meant nothing to me, and I was confining myself to assessments in the parishes of Wannaeue and Kangerong. Therefore, I did not notice the following:
286. Malcolm and Keith McGregor of Cape Schanck (crossed out and replaced by somebody whose name might have been Ham (of Coolart) and a whole lot of indecipherable scribble that was supposed to describe his land. This was obviously the time that Keith moved to The Thicket,but the most immediate need was to find which land the McGregor Bros. farmed at Fingal.

1918-19. 2515. Malcolm and Keith McGregor, Cape Schanck 995 acres and buildings,crown allotments 11, 14, 15, Fingal.

These crown allotments comprised 320 acres, 355.0.33 and 320.3.32, a total of 996 acres 0 roods and 25 perches so that was as accurate as a rate collector was likely to be. Melway references for these crown allotments are:
c/a 11, fronting the east side of Truemans Rd directly opposite the St Andrews Club Gunnamatta course (same northern and southern extent)and east to include the left half of 252 J 8-9;
c/a 14, fronting the east side of Truemans Rd, 252,D-J (left half)10-11, south of c/a 11;
c/a 15, includes the right half of 252 J 10-11, the northern boundary (south boundary of Ace Hi) ending at the junction of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds and the southern boundary an extension of c/a 14's to Boneo Rd.

And now to The Thicket. Crown allotment 14, Wannaeue of just over 114 acres is bounded by Eastbourne , Boneo,
and Pt Nepean Rds and First Avenue (Melway 170 B2.) The grantee, Hugh Glass of Flemington, acquired c/a 16 as well by 1964 but scab among his millions of sheep and losses on the private Essendon railway caused his Wannaeue holding to fall from 231 to 100 acres by the time of his "accidental" overdose. The property seems to have been subdivided by Hugh's creditors into farms of 29+29+20+20+16 acres. The first two were consolidated as Hindhope by Eleanore and Gregory Brennan Rigg and included all Hope St house blocks and 50 First Avenue. The last three became Ramsay and Nora Couper's The Thicket, now occupied by The Drive, Warranilla, Woombi,Koorong etc.

As mentioned previously, Keith McGregor had left Fingal by the time of the 1919 assessment. But how could he have lived in the homestead of the Thicket when Alf Rawlings was rated on the farm and buildings in 1919? Alf Rawlings (death notice in my EARLY ROSEBUD journal)had moved away. In view of Ray Cairns' belief that Keith only had the homestead (and probably a homestead block, the garden and the garage for the T Model van that he used to convey passengers to the Mornington railhead),Alf was still visiting occasionally to tend to his farm.

But where would Alf stay? The answer is provided in the 1919 rates. A note scribbled, but not in the column where land was described,saying lots 95,96 A. I did not transcribe it in 2010 because it made no sense. I now know exactly where that land was. It was at the south east corner of Hindhope, its southern boundary being that of 50 First Avenue with, its northern boundary extending 20 feet along the south side of Hope St. And why would Alf want another 1 acre 1 rood and 39 perches of land when he had 57 acres(the Thicket)one step to the south?
The house of course!

Keith McGregor was renting the Thicket homestead from Alf and Alf was renting the Hindhope homestead from Alexander Mackie Younger. When Keith and his brother left about a year later to try wheat growing (see my EARLY ROSEBUD journal), Keith did not stay away long. It may be that he and Mabel went with Malcolm to get him established, or perhaps Mabel pined for her family and friends at Rosebud.Annie Cameron of 167 Gipps St, who'd bought lots 95 and 96 on 9-1-1923, sold it to Keith McGregor of Rosebud on 12-3-1926. Keith mortgaged it to Alexander mackieYounger on 30-12-1926 and the mortgage was discharged on 31-3-1927,on which day Keith must have sold the property to Gilbert Livingstone Culliford, Gentleman, of Ivanhoe.

THIS JOURNAL WAS BROUGHT TO YOU BY THE RED CROSS!
Well, sort of, anyway. If I hadn't collected for Red Cross,I wouldn't have asked the owner of 50 First Avenue about the house and been invited inside to see its period features, or carried out my investigations to get the old homestead heritage listed.The entry (lots95, 96)for Alf Rawlings still wouldn't have made sense, I still wouldn't have known exactly when Keith McGregor lived in the Thicket homestead and I wouldn't have known that Keith Mcgregor owned Lots 95 and 96 (the homestead block for the Hindhope Villa, 50 First Avenue.)