itellya on Family Tree Circles
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THE EAST COAST OF PORT PHILLIP BAY, CHAPTER 2, PARISHES, PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHTS & JAMIESON'S SPECIAL SURVEY.
This is the start of an examination of the coast south from Mornington with a focus on early settlement in incorporating later history (especially regarding the pioneer families.)
CIRCA 1850, OSBORNE TO THE HEADS,PARISHES,QUARANTINE, PORTUGESE AND MAORIS,THE ROSEBUD, TOWNSHIPS AND PRODUCE.
The parish of Frankston extended from Seaford Rd (the Riviera Hotel on Long Island) to Canadian Bay Rd (originally called Boundary Rd) and Eramosa Rd. The parish of Mooooduc, which adjoined it at Mt Eliza and Somerville was a battle-axe shape extending east to Jones Rd north of Tyabb Rd and only to Derril Rd to the south. It went south to Ellerina/Bruce/Foxeys Rds, where it adjoined the parish of Kangerong. The Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right was the most northerly part of the parish of Wannaeue, which also included the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and went west to Government Rd/Weeroona St, where it adjoined the parish of Nepean.
Other parishes, on the Westernport side of the Peninsula were Tyabb, Balnarring and Bittern (basically west and east of Balnarring Rd), Flinders, and Fingal (to the line of Weeroona St where it adjoined Nepean.)
Most of the early settlers in the parish of Frankston and south to Schnapper Point (Mornington)are discussed in
another of my journals, as is the Tanti Hotel, established in 1854. By this time the Township of Osborne had been proclaimed by the Government. It was named after Queen Victoria's seaside residence and the streets were named after her children. The very small Town of Mornington had also been proclaimed at Schnapper Point and having obtained a pier by the late 1850's,it went ahead while Osborne's growth stagnated. The following plan shows the larger "township of Mornington and Osborne. I had thought the "new township of Gravesend" that Robert Byrne was advertising from 1854* was the part shaded red on the plan, but it must have between Strachans and Wilsons Rds as the following, much later advertisement shows.
Record (Emerald Hill, Vic. : 1881 - 1900) Friday 11 August 1882 p 2 Article
... and Poplar-streets,"land 383 x 100, £127 10. Schnapper Point, Main street, land 40 x 150, £230. ... brick,two-: storey houses on land, 34x72, £1150. Sch napper Point, Nelson street, Gravesend, land 2G4 x ... land, lflft. Gin. x 155ft. £820.., Sch nnppor Point, Albert street, 2 roods, 19 porches with ... 284 words
*FRIDAY, 24TH NOVEMBER.
Pleasure Trip to the new Township of Gravesend, Snapper Point On Monday next, November 20th, the Gazelle
Steamer will leave Sandridge Pier for the above Township at half past eight a.m, and Williamstown at half past 9 a.m. R BYRNE invites intending purchasers etc.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 20 November 1854 p 3 Advertising)
Many family historians have been frustrated trying to find where the Moorooduc Cemetery was. It was the Mornington Cemetery, about which Val Wilson of the Mornington Historical Society has produced an excellent website. Moorooduc, the name of the parish, was applied to the cemetery, just as the cemetery near Hastings wascalled the Tyabb Cemetery. Craigie Rd was originally known as Cemetery Road. It is of interest that the Mornington Cemetery was first named the SPRINGS Cemetry (sic.)
Plan of villa allotments in the beautiful township of Osborne near ...
Real property Victoria Mt Martha Maps. Mt. Martha (Vic ... Plan of villa allotments in the beautiful township of Osborne near Snapper Point [cartographic material].
Just south of Mornington were two Runs, Mount Martha and Chechingurk. The Mount Martha Run must have been along the coast between Balcombe Creek and the Moorooduc/ Kangerong boundary at Ellerina Rd and then east to Tubbarubba. Its Pre-emptive Right was "Dalkeith" (homestead at Melway 151 C8). James Hearn acquired the grants for Dalkeith,the coastal land south to Hearn Rd and 952 acres surrounding Dalkeith, most of it in in 1856.
MOOROODUC.-Near Snapper Point, north side of Jamieson's Special Survey, at Mount Martha, on the road to the Heads. Upset price, £1 per acre.
45 202a 2r, no offer 46 161a 1r 32p, Anthony Connell, 20S 47 114a 3r, Andrew White, 20s
48 176a 22p, Anthony Connell, 23s 49 109a 3r, Andrew White, 20s 50 186a, James Hearn, 20S
51 291a, A. B. Balcombe. 21s 52 434a, James Hearn, 20s.
(P.2, Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer, 4-10-1855.)
James Hearn's purchases, above, were crown allotment 31 fronting the south side of Range Rd and crown allotment 33 between Forest Drive and the pre-emptive right. Range Rd was known as White's Lane prior to W.W.2 when troops from the Balcombe army camp used it and the Bourne dairy farm as a short cut to the rifle range. (Shirley Bourne, the female drover, was a White descendant.)See the CONNELL journal re Anthony Connell. Balcombe's purchase was crown allotment 32 between Range Rd and a parallel road which ran east from the bend in the highway in Melway 151 C3.
Extract from my journal about WILLIAM VALE AND THE TOWN OF MORNINGTON.
The History of Dalkeith appears on page 275 of the Shire of Mornington’s Heritage Study. The Mount Martha Run was occupied by Dallymore and then Aitken before James Hearn took it up. Hearn acquired the pre-emptive right as well as over 1100 acres between Hearn and Bay Rds and 850 acres to the west, north and east of the P.R. The last of these allotments, 29A, encompassed the Tubbarubba diggings.
CHECHINGURK was first settled by Captain Reid who settled soon after Edward Hobson and Maurice Meyrick, who will be discussed later. He was the man who suggested that Dr Barker and Meyrick should settle their dispute with Victoria's second duel. As the plaque on the water fountain in Mornington's Empire Mall attests, the site of Mornington was part of the Run which was taken over by Alexander Beatson Balcombe. Balcombe also received grants for all the land fronting the south side of Beleura Hill Rd, which was probably the northern boundary of the Run. Balcombe called his pre-emptive right The Briars after the farm on which he grew up and Napoleon Bonaparte was a guest during his imprisonment.
Jamieson's Special Survey was part of the Kangerong run settled by Edward Hobson. I have never seen its boundaries on a map. He was one of the first settlers on the peninsula, along with Jamieson at Cape Schanck but probably only stayed there for a year or two before settling further west at Tootgarook. Squatters were very alert to newcomers settling near them and often spread rumours of aboriginal atrocities to scare them off.
Robinson* did point the finger squarely at pastoralists themselves in a later
observation. They spread rumours about native outrages in order to deter new
squatters from settling in their districts and claiming some of country hitherto
theirs to use. It worked like this: after the NSW Order in Council of 7 October
1847 anyone who could find a bit of country situated between neighbours who
had to be five miles from where you proposed to sit down, could simply squat
and pay the annual licence fee to the Commissioner of Crown Lands when he
called annually to assess and collect the fee, which was ten pounds for the
licence, and so much per head for stock. Robinson recorded that it was ‘common
practice to raise cry against the blacks to keep people from country’
(Pages 76-7, I SUCCEEDED ONCE.) *Robinson was the Chief Aboriginal Protector.
But Hobson raised no objection when assistant aboriginal protector, William Thomas set up his first protectorate about a mile to the east of his homestead. The aborigines had two other encampments nearby, one near Hobson's homestead and another near the Drive-In site.
A quote from I SUCCEEDED ONCE. (Available online.)
I was actually looking for the author, Marie Hansen Fel's, attribution of the harmonious relationship between the Boon-wurrung and settlers to the example set by Edward Hobson but found these descriptions of the squatters and the Arthurs Seat Run instead.
The character of the squatters on the Mornington
It was a fact that the Aborigines of the Port Phillip District, the Bonurong and the
Warworong were attracted to, and actually cultivated, high status Europeans
– gentlemen – and that they despised convicts. From the vantage point of
a meritocracy such as our own society, it requires a real effort to understand
how taken-for-granted were the manners, mores and attitudes of a class-based
society. It so happens that most of the names of squatters on the Mornington
Peninsula in 1839–40, who feature in Thomas’ journals, also appear in Paul
de Serville’s appendixes of Gentlemen by Birth (titled, landed or armigerous
families), Gentlemen in Society (profession, commission and upbringing) or
Colonists claiming gentle birth and accepted by other gentlemen as gentlemen.
Edward Hobson and his brother, Dr Edmund Hobson (Kangerong), the brothers
Archibald, Hugh and Thomas Bushby Jamieson (Kangerong Special Survey),
Robert Jamieson (Cape Schanck), Samuel Rawson (Kunnung with Robert
Jamieson), Captain Reid (Tichingurook), Captain Baxter (Carup Carup), Alfred
and Maurice Meyrick (Boniong), Henry Howard Meyrick (Coolart), the Barker
brothers (Barrabong and Cape Schanck), and George Smith (Turtgoorook) living
with a woman believed by Melbourne society to be a niece by marriage of the
great Captain William Hobson RN, were all gentlemen in terms of one or other
of de Serville’s categories. (P.19, I SUCCEEDED ONCE.)
On P.20 the youthfulness of the squatters is stressed.
Edward Hobson was 22; Henry Howard Meyrick was 17; brother Alfred was
19; cousin Maurice 20 (and Maurice was said to be an initiated man); Samuel
Rawson was 19; George Desailley was 17; his brother Francis junior 19; the
Barker brothers were 22 and 24; the Jamieson brothers were in their twenties;
only the two military men, Captain Reid and Captain Baxter, and George Smith
were mature adults. And contrary to what is commonly believed, George
Smith came down to the Mornington Peninsula not to Rye initially, but to
Buckkermitterwarrer (Drive-In site and Kangerong, and when he came, it was with a solid
three year relationship of reciprocity already built up with Benbow, father of
Mary, father also of Yankee Yankee.
JAMIESON'S SPECIAL SURVEY.
It has been said that this Special Survey of 1841 did not displace Edward Hobson as he'd already moved to Tootgarook. I get the impression that Marie Fels disagrees. Henry Dunn leased the Survey (and apparently the Mt Martha Run too, according to Leslie Moorhead in one of the school histories)from 1846 to 1851. From that time,it was leased to the first settlers in the Dromana area most of whom became stalwarts of the local community. See my journals about SAFETY BEACH, SARAH WILSON, GEORGE YOUNG, ANTHONY CONNELL etc.
The following extract from my journal SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY NEAR DROMANA has been included here in support of the proposition that Captain Adams may have settled in the area before 1857, leaving Eliza at Wattle Place (Adams'Corner) while he traded across the sea.
Jamieson did not spend much time on his survey but enough to have social contact with other early settlers such as Captain Reid (on what became Balcolme's The Briars)and the McCraes on the Arthur's Seat Run. Somebody who did live there was Mrs Newby. On 15-2-1844, Captain Reid and his wife, Hugh Jamieson and Georgiana McCrae and hubby, Andrew, visited the Survey, meeting Mrs Newby and her two daughters. Mrs Newby complained of loneliness during Captain Newby's absences at sea. On 27-7-1845,Andrew told Georgiana about the three Newby children drowning. (P. 30 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Was this true? Yes!
SHIPWRECKS. LOSS OF THE MARY. By the steamer Shamrock, which arrived here on Sunday, the distressing intelligence has been received of the total wreck of the barque Mary, Captain Newby, from this port to London in Bass's Straits; and we are sorry to add that no less than seventeen of her passengers have perished. The Mary left Sydney for London on the 19th of May, having on board 69 souls, including the crew, and a very valuable cargo. It was intended by the owners that she should proceed by the usual course round Cape Horn, and the Mary stood away to the southward for that purpose, but when she was off Cape Howe, the wind being at east south-east, with every appearance of a continuance from the same quarter, Captain Newby determined to attempt the westerly passage, notwithstanding the unpromising time of the year, and accordingly stood into Bass's Straits for that purpose. On the morning of the 24th May, the Mary was off Wilson's Promontory, when the wind suddenly died away, and at 10 A. M. a strong breeze sprung up from the northwest, and gradually increased to a gale with heavy rain. Thinking he had now got into a westerly wind, the captain determined to give up the westerly passage, and accordingly bore up and ran to the southward of Sir Roger Curtis' and Kent's Groups. At 6 P. M. he estimated the ship's position to be five miles south of the body of Kent's Group, fixed her course at east by north, and having been up the two previous nights, the captain went to bed, there being then a breeze from the north- west, which was sending the ship seven knots per hour. The chief mate had the watch from 8 to 12; about 11 he called the captain, saying he thought " land was handy ;" but upon the captain going upon deck, he could not see any land, and found that it was almost a calm. Broken water, however, was soon discovered off the lee beam,and a strong current was rapidly driving the ship towards it. There was no wind to make the ship answer her helm, she refused stays and drove broadside onto the rock. She first touched on the starboard bilge, then under the fore chains, and immediately parted abaft the foremast, the bows slipping off the rock into deep water; she then struck abaft, unshipped her rudder, and the topsides floated off the bottom,over the reef into smooth water. In seven minutes from the time she struck, the ship was in pieces. The most melancholy part remains to be told. Seventeen women and children were drowned and what is most extraordinary is, that not a mast was lost. Those drowned were-three of Captain Newby's daughters; six children of Mrs. Evans; Augusta and Catherine, daughters of Captain Collins, of Illawarra ; Mrs Heather, and two children, Mrs. Grey, Mrs. Turnbull, and Sarah Foulkes, servant to Mrs. Collins. How the remainder were saved we cannot understand. Captain Newby only remarks," we were saved in the long boat in the most wonderful manner." The above parties were lost in consequence of the upsetting of the whale boat, into which they had been lowered, but it has not been ascertained how this accident occurred. The reef upon which the Mary was lost lies to the north east of a rock described in the Australian Directory as Wright's rock, about three and a half miles, and is known to the sealers who visit Furneaux's Island as the north east or deep reef. etc.
(P.3, Mornington Chronicle, Sydney, 25-6-1845.)
AS I'VE JUST FOUND INFORMATION ABOUT PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHTS WHILE RESEARCHING "POINT NEPEAN" IN THE 1840'S ON TROVE, I'VE DECIDED TO INSERT IT HERE, AFTER THE SURVEY, AT THE END OF MY "PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHTS" ENTRY.
The information was on page 4 of the Argus on Saturday 4th and Monday 6th in August, 1849. I have included some pre-emptive rights that were not on the oriental coast of Port Phillip Bay because I do not intend to include them in another journal. None of the parishes had been named at this time.
The Barkers had two leases, the Cape Schanck P.R. in the parish of Flinders and the Boniyong P.R. in Wannaeue and bounded by Boneo, Browns, Grasslands (now closed) and Limestone Rds. The King Run was probably the parish of Tyabb but the family name is recalled by the street in Flinders. Graham Whitehead's City of Kingston website mentions a squatting King family that was the origin of the city's name and may have been related. It is possible that George Smith's lease was the Tootgarook pre-emptive right. Edward Hobson was on "Traralgon" by this stage and may have transferred the lease to his (de facto) father in law.
The Tootgarook run had several names and Wooloowoolooboolook might have been one of them. Charles Hollinshed (LIME LAND LEISURE) speculated the James Purves might have been managing the Tootgarook Run; I'm not sure exactly when Smith took an aboriginal boy to America but he was probably not on his lease full-time anyway
(and as I've explained elsewhere,it was more likely that PETER Purves, who coined the name Tootgarook, would have been the manager.)Lastly, Robert White was Irish and completely unrelated to the Scottish Whites of Rosebud and Red Hill. His 640 acres would have been in the parish of Nepean, west of Government Rd/Weeroona St,perhaps nearer to Sorrento. The Irish Whites are discussed in my journal about THE WHITES OF SORRENTO AND RYE and the Scottish Whites in my journal about HILL HILLIS AND HIS RELATIVES.
Superintendent's Office, Melbourne, 8th August, 1849.
CROWN LANDS BROUGHT WITHIN THE SETTLED DISTRICTS.
(requiring payment of rent for approved selections under pre-emption.) His Excellency the Governor directs it to be notified, for the information of all persons concerned, that in pursuance of the 22nd Clause of the Regu-lations of 29th March, 1848, His Excellency has been pleased to approve of the Claims which have been made by the parties enumerated in the annexed list, to the pre-emptive right to Leases of the several portions of Land referred to.
2. It is necessary that the rent, viz., Twenty Shillings per section of 640 acres, for the remainder of the present year, for the Lands in question, be paid into the Sub-Treasury, at, Melbourne, within one month from the present date : in default of which the Leases of the Lands will, in accordance with the 26th Clause of the Regulations, be put up to sale by auction.
By His Excellency's Command, C. J. LA TROBE.
COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.
Number, Name, Address, Lot No., Acres, Parish size?, Situation.
2. Alex Balcombe, Melbourne, 1, 640, 4790 ac., Pt Phillip Bay.
3. John Barker, Cape Schanck, 1, 640, 16x640 ac, Western Port Bay.
4. John Barker, -------- ditto,-- 1, 640, 12x640 ac.,-----ditto.
8. Owen Cain, Dandenong! ---, 1, 640, Point Nepean (Only lot in parish.)
14, James Davey, no address, 1, 640, 4x640 ac lots?, not given.
17. Martha Jane King, W'port, 1, 640, 5x640?, Westernport.
19. Andrew M.McCrae, ArthursSeat, 1, 640, 3x640?, Sth of Kang. Survey.
35. George Smith, Pt. Nepean, 1, 640, 30x640, Port Phillip Bay.
36. Daniel Sullivan, Pt. Nepean, 1, 640, 4x640, Pt. Phillip Bay.
37. Richard Tonks,--- Point King,----- 1, only lot, Port Phillip Bay.
38. Henry Tuck, Manton's Creek, 1, 10x640, Westernport Bay.
41. Robert White, Pt Nepean, 1, 640,5x640, Port Phillip Bay.
N.B. The column headed Parish size? should probably be size of run. For example, Andrew McCrae,John Barker (Boneo) and George Smith were all in Wannaeue, John Barker and Henry Tuck on the western and eastern part of Flinders, and Dennis Sullivan, Robert White and Richard Tonks all in the parish of Nepean. I would have to check whether James Davey's P.R.* was on the Kannanuke Run (near Davey's Bay) or the Ballanrong Run just east of Mornington, at that time.
*James Davey was on Ballanrong. (P.3,Sydney Morning Herald, 28-10-1848.)
I'm taking the easy way out here to save myself a couple of hours adding bits to journals in which many of the following have been mentioned.
Henry Eldridge (See Hotels near Tullamarine- The Sir John Franklin) was earlier a farmer, Carlton Estate, Plenty.
J.M. and Robert Ardlie were described as farmers, Moonee Ponds. This of course meant Camelswold, which would have been the southern part of Dunn's Viewpoint at Tullamarine, certainly not in the suburb of Moonee Ponds. (See the Ardlie and Historic Howlers journals.)
The three different men in Melbourne's north west named James Robertson are listed.
1."James Robertson, farmer, La Rose" was Peter McCracken's brother in law and the son of Coiler Robertson. He arrived as a 17 year old brewer and his know-how was probably responsible for the success of McCracken's Brewery. La Rose was north of Reynard Rd and between the creek and Rose St. The beautiful bluestone homestead on the corner of Mitchell Pde and Le Cateau St (Melway 29 A1)was started by Dr Farquar McCrae, who had leased out his grant, "Moreland", but was primarily built by the Robertsons. James inherited the northern half of Nicholson's grant in Doutta Galla Parish (the southern half being Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan")and built "Trinifour" which stands just west of the Railway in Park St (Melway 28 G6.) See Between Two Creeks re La Rose and Lenore Frost's Historic Essendon Houses re Trinifour.
2."James Robertson, grazier, Upper Keilor" was the father of James,( who built "Aberfeldie" and married Peter McCracken's daughter) and Francis (who was a member of Parliament and built Mar Lodge on the estate of that name, later owned by the McCrackens and housing a golf club, which extends west from just east of McCracken St almost to Hedderwick St, Melway 28 D1-3.)The Mar Lodge homestead is still standing (33A Forrester St?)
3. "James Robertson, blacksmith, Merri Creek." This was the fellow that Andrew Lemon thought was a Keilor farmer. (See Historic Howlers journal.) Without going into too much detail, he and builder, Alexander Gibb were related through the Coupar family. Gibb received the grant for the 640 acres north of Fawkner's "Box Forest"in 1848 according to Lemon but the Will Will Rook parish map seems to indicate that Alexander and James bought 320 acres each. Gibb called the northern half "Meadowbank" and Robertson called the southern half "Gowrie Park". Gibb built both homesteads in the Scottish baronial style. Alexander and his son, Alexander Coupar Gibb (who moved to Berwick and became a member of parliament) served Broadmeadows Shire well and Gibb Reserve was named in recognition of this. The Robertsons seemed to have later moved to the Somerton area and leased Gowrie Park to Robinson. Gibb's house remains in Glenlitta Ave (Melway 7 D10) while Robertson's farm is recalled by Gowrie St, the Gowrie Park swim centre and Gowrie Station.
Isaac Batey's recollection of the early days, published in the Sunbury News, provided much detail for I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla". In one article, Isaac said that his father, Martin, seemed to have arrived at Red Stone Hill (opposite the Lancefield turn off just east of Jacksons Creek) as an employee of Flintoff and not to have become Flintoff's partner until 1848. However "Martin Batey, settler, Red Stone Hill, Saltwater River" seems to indicate that he was a partner by 1847. An article in about 1937 about the oldest fruit tree in Victoria, in which a Flintoff descendant was interviewed, seems to indicate that Martin Batey might have planted it but a poor piece of proof reading (for meaning )makes it ambiguous about who did the planting. I think the tree was in Kew.
Alex. Guthrie is mentioned in the John Thomas Smith and His Electors journal. Before farming Glengyle and moving to his big farm near Emu Creek, he and James Guthrie were farming land on licence from the Crown. In that journal, I stated with certainty that the Will Will Rook land was Fawkner's "Box Forest" between today's Northern Golf Course and Fawkner Cemetery. The 1847 directory also states that Cameron and Guthrie were at Main's Creek. Hazarding a guess about which Cameron was which is a very risky business because I remember reading somewhere that a ship arrived, possibly in 1839, with over 300 Camerons on board! However this might have been the Cameron that owned Arundel for a while. The Camerons gave Glenroy its name and had Ruthvenfield (Mel. 6 K7) and Stony Fields, which is now known as Roxburgh Park.
I can be fairly certain about Cameron and Guthrie's Main's Creek. Patrick Main built the first bridge over the Moonee Moonee chain of ponds at Flemington so it would be reasonable to assume that Main's Creek was the Moonee Ponds Creek. Reasonable but not right! J. P.Main received the grant for the 640 acres bounded by Rachelle Rd, the line of Farrell St, Hoffmans Rd and Buckley St. Known as Main's Estate, this was later split into farms owned by James Anderson (Springbank), Mrs Sinclair, Dugald McPhail (Rosehill), John Beale (of Shelton over Rachelle Rd) and those of James Collier and Thomas Cox, which became the Niddrie quarry.The creek flowing through section 12 was later called Steele's chain of ponds but it would seem logical that in 1847 it would have been known as Main's Creek.
The next two 1847 pioneers have not been mentioned in other journals but I need to get rid of at least one page of scribbled notes! John Hazlett (sic, Haslett) was listed as a "farmer, Mona Vale, Moonee Ponds." I have speculated that Joseph Raleigh (Mona Vale 1847) was actually at Broadmeadows Township (three years before it was declared) and this could have been the case with Haslett too. This makes sense because today's Westmeadows is about halfway between his two grants at Melfort Ave (Melway 28 J1) and a 160 acre (approximately) crown allotment (if I remember correctly, on the north side of Somerton Rd in the parish of Yuroke.)
CHECK! BALLATER PARK?
On the small lot bisected by Melfort Ave, John Haslett established the National Hotel, which Robinson later renamed the Melfort, using a bike race to promote it.
George Smith, settler, Tootgarook, Westernport. Contrary to some of the runs mentioned in the Squatters in the Westernport District journal, this run was actually somewhere near Westernport. Spencer Jackson (Beautiful Dromana 1927) said that George was related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake and I presume this extended to Edward Hobson (of Tootgarook Run and owner of "The Rosebud" which gave my neck of the woods its name in March 1855) and (Horatio?)Hobson who received the grant for the next allotment west from Edward Byam Wight's "The Ridge" at Kensington. In 1842,Owen Cain's 4 1/2 year old daughter became lost and nearly died because she was too frightened of the aborigines to call for help. Georgiana McCrae (or her son) said that she only survived because she was found, after many days and taken to the Wooloowoolooboolook homestead of George Smith (six miles from the McCrae homestead on the road to Cape Schanck, which I calculate as being near Pattersons Rd)and nursed back to health by George's wife. In Lime Land Leisure, C.N.Hollinshed gave the impression that Edward Hobson already had the Tootgarook Run and added Smith's run in 1850 before transferring it to James (AND PETER!!!!) Purves.The above entry seems to suggest that Wooloowoolooboolook was just one of several names (all to do with frogs)used for the Tootgarook run. You might notice the subtle hint that Peter Purves was also involved at Tootgarook. It was Peter who signed the Police Fence Petition while his brother was living the high life in town and visiting his Chinton Station near Kilmore.
Cr Antonella Celi was chairperson of the Rosebud West Renewal Project so there is no doubt she would have known the Aitken family very well. She would have been very busy and this might explain why she did not mention the triumphs and tragedies in relation to this Rosebud West family. The surname is well known to Carlton Football Club supporters, the son having inherited his father's ability. One of the articles on the Blues' website is headed OVERCOMING ADVERSITY which could have equally suited the article about the mother of the founder of VIC CRICK who still managed to contribute to the renewal project while being a full-time carer for her husband.
LOCAL cricket is mourning the loss of one of its greatest players, Ian Aitken, who died last Friday after a long illness.
Aitken, 70, captured 545 wickets with Red Hill after joining the club as a 40-year old. As a young man he played in the Bendigo and District Cricket Association (BDCA), earning a reputation as a champion fast bowler and capable batsman. In 2004, Aitken was inducted into the BDCA Hall of Fame.
Friend Roger Spaull said Aitken was a great cricketer and man.
‘‘He was regarded as one of the greatest cricketers to play Country Week cricket,’’ he said.
‘‘He was a beautiful seam bowler who could make the ball move. It’s an old expression but he could actually make it talk. Some days he was unplayable.’’
Aitken was vice-principal at Eastbourne Primary School for many years and lived at Rosebud West.
A funeral will be held at the Red Hill Cricket Club on Friday.
Juanita could have felt sorry for herself and moped. When I saw the following article she was only too willing to help me with my historical research but warned me that there would be interruptions because of her husband's affliction. It was an honour to shake the great man's hand, as it was to shake the hand of the BONEO BRADMAN.
ISSUU - February 1st 2011 by Mornington Peninsula News Group
Feb 1, 2011 - Citizen of the year Juanita Aitken has been an active member of Rosebud and Rosebud West communities for more than three decades after
This has been posted on Facebook after two tries here.
Any family historian who has moved house will understand what prompted this journal. You have a book or notes but in which of 25 boxes did you put them. Neil Mansfield wanted information from "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" about John Bethell because finding his copy would have taken days (and weeks to repack the boxes.) I thought that I might as well kill two birds with the one stone by including this information in a journal. I have quoted Andrew Lemon's words as much as possible, using comments in brackets to add context or further information. John Bethell was one of the few pioneers to get a mention, but I think you will agree that there is not much meat there for a family historian. It was precisely because so many pioneers were not acknowledged and the detail, about many of those that were, was so vague that I decided to write history for family historians. That was the sole aim of DHOTAMA (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.) This detail will be supplied later (from trove, dhotama and Neil's book) but let's see what Andrew Lemon had to say about William and John Bethell.
BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.
Incidental details about the Bethells as witnesses in a continuing conflict between Constable King and his superior officer.
P.1. William Bethell, whose job it was to bring the mail on horseback to the (Broadmeadows) township (heard the argument between Senior Constable McCarthy and his wife.)
P.2. On Thursday 17 December-four days earlier- William Bethell's brother, John, who was a chemist and storekeeper in the town, complained to Senior Constable McCarthy that a drunken woman was roaming the town, using bad language and exposing some nameless but unacceptable portion of her anatomy.
p.3-4. John Bethell (returning from Melbourne to the township)travelling on the same cart (as Snr. Const. McCarthy and his wife)noticed only that, near Essendon, Constable King rode up on horseback and exchanged a few words with McCarthy.But there were awkward scenes that John Bethell did notice.
P.9. Similarly it (1857 Census) found one storekeeper, even though John Bethell, the chemist and Peter Mitchell described themselves as such to the police.
P. 25. The first sale of blocks of land at the Government township at Broadmeadows took place on 16-5-1850. --
Between 1852 and 1855 there were further sales until almost all of the allotments were sold.--- While there were names of subsequent residents on the first sales lists- such as Peter Mitchell, John Bethell, J.Bryan , W. Gilmore and Enoch Reynolds- there were numerous investors etc.
(Jane Bryant bought the block on which her Victoria Hotel was built just up Ardlie St from the Broady.
I was silly enough to accept Lemon's version, Gilmore, when I asked the developers of the Alanbrae Estate on "Willowbank", across Kenny St from the township, to name streets after pioneers, which they did. The family is related to my maternal line, Cock, (okay, you can stop giggling now)and my family historian brother swears that the correct spelling is Gilmour.)
P.44. (Re land values in 1863)---while the Broadmeadows hotel which William Chadwick rented from John Bethell was valued at 86 pounds a year. (Most houses had a Nett Annual Value of 5 or 10 pounds.)
P.47. Broadmeadows Township came within the parish of Will Will Rook and was represented on the first Road Board by that enterprising townsman, John Bethell, who had started in the township with just one block of land, but as a storekeeper and possibly the town's first postmaster, he soon consolidated his position. By 1863 he was the owner of six buildings there, the chief of which was the hotel. (The meeting at which the Road Board was inaugurated- more likely a resolution was passed to request establishment of a road district- was held on 15-4-1858 at a Free Presbyterian church almost opposite the gates of "Dunhelen".)
P. 54-5. In 1864, Hugh Brown, A Tullamarine farmer, resigned as Chairman, and with John Bethell and James Machonochie , he resigned from the Road Board.
(Hugh Brown was on Camp Hill and his year old daughter became a Prime Minister's wife; see Notes re Tullamarine journal. James Machonochie was on Stewarton, the 777 acres of today's Gladstone Park/Gardens north of the Mickleham Rd/Lackenheath Drive corner.)
P. 63. There were still two hotels (circa 1880)- the Victoria was burnt down in 1879 but since about 1870, the town had a new hotel, the Franklin. John Bethell, ever improving himself, had retired to England, where he still received the rent from his bakery and hotel. (Baker/publican, Henry Franklin, may have been a friend or relative of John Bethell as they were jointly assessed on a house.)
Well, that might provide about three sentences for the Bethell family history!
DHOTAMA.As much of the information in my dictionary history came from local histories, much of it appears above. Andrew Lemon gives the impression that Henry Franklin built the bakery on the uphill corner of Fawkner and Bent Streets (which was extended as Franklin's Hotel) but John Bethell built a bakery much earlier. The 1863 rates show that John Bethell owned three houses, John Arnott's bakery and another house occupied by Alexander Coghill in the parish of Tullamarine (west of the bridge.)This original bakery would have been east of the bridge in the parish of Will Will Rook and was probably between John Bethell's Broadmeadows Hotel and Jane Bryant's Victoria Hotel a few blocks up the Ardlie St Hill. An earlier association between Henry Franklin and John Bethell seems to be indicated by their "joint occupancy" of a house in 1880 as mentioned above. IS IT POSSIBLE THAT JOHN BETHELL VISITED THE OLD COUNTRY RATHER THAN RETURNING THERE FOR GOOD? Incidentally, I also wonder if Arnott's biscuits were first baked in Broadmeadows Township!
John Bethell certainly did return to his place of birth in the latter half of 1865 but was back in Broadmeadows to chair Rev. Stair's farewell in 1866, as shown by later TROVE information. However there is little personal information about John following that year. There is no indication that he married and no mention of him after 1866. I wonder if he inherited his parents' estate, met his future bride during his 1865 visit and returned to marry her a year later after settling his affairs in Broadmeadows. It is also possible that he relocated to a nearby area such as Ivanhoe!
The mail contract that William (and Edmund) carried out had the following schedule. Leave Melbourne 7:30 a.m., arrive Broadmeadows 10:30, leave Broadmeadows 2:30p.m., arrive Melbourne 5:30 p.m. No doubt this involved full days and sore bums.
By 1860, William had bought, from William Smith,the bluestone store which was to be a landmark in Bulla Township for a further 130 years until it was destroyed by fire. Luckily I.W.Symonds had sketched it for his "Bulla Bulla" and perhaps the Broadmeadows or Sunbury Historical Societies have a photograph.
DETAIL ABOUT WILLIAM BETHELL'S STORE ON LOT 5 OF SECTION 8, TOWNSHIP OF BULLA AND LAND IN THE OAKLANDS AND GREEN GULLY SUBDIVISIONS (OWNED BY MARIA AND ELIZABETH) WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE IF REQUESTED. I ALSO HAVE A MAP IN DHOTAMA SHOWING A TRIANGULAR BLOCK OF LAND ON THE NORTH CORNER OF SUNBURY AND LOEMANS RD THAT WILLIAM OWNED.
"The Shire That Took Off", an unpublished history of Bulla Shire which I perused in the local history room at the Sam Merrifield Library (Moonee Ponds), stated that William Bethell became a foundation member of the Bulla Roads Board at the meeting at the Deep Creek Inn on 23-10-1862.
William Bethell was appointed as the poundkeeper at Bulla, a job he had carried out at the time of his marriage in England.
THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.
While searching for information about the obscure John Bethell, I found a post by Neil Mansfield which contains much of the Bethell genealogy found in his splendid book. IF you google BETHELL, BULLA, it will be found on the first page under the title of J.
Neil's contribution to the recording of Bulla's history is extraordinary; as well as his 700 + page THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY, he has provided a fantastic website on the Bulla cemetery (as well as other cemeteries.) The Manfields were related by marriage to many Bulla, Tullamarine Island and Greenvale pioneering families, including the descendants of William Bethell.
As the information under J is rather clinical, I will provide some information from the book (pages 76 to 83.) Firstly, there are photos of William Bethell, his wife, and his daughter who married Henry Mansfield. Two Mansfields married William's daughters and another married his grand daughter.
The Bethells were Cheshire cats (in groovyspeak!) John Bethell, born about 1800, married Ruth Shaw in about 1822. Their oldest son, John(the Broadmeadows pioneer) was born in about 1823, William was born in 1825 and Edmund in 1831, by which time the family was in Lancashire. As stated previously, no evidence has been found that John Bethell married. It is unlikely that Edmund married.
My dictionary history records that Edmund Bethell died on 28-5-1864.Stupidly, I did not state the source of this information, but the detail almost certainly came from his headstone at Will Will Rook cemetery (Camp Rd.)Strangely, the death notice gives his name as Edward! This can be found in the TROVE detail which follows, as can William's transfer of the Bulla-Melbourne mail run to EDMUND in 1857 and the possibility of Edmund being too fond of drink.Neil does not mention when Edmund came to Australia, but it is likely that he came out with trailblazer, William, in 1856. The trove entry mentioned before makes it apparent that William obtained the mail contract soon after arrival in 1856; the transfer to Edmund was reported on 20-1-1857.
William married 17 year old Frances(Fanny) Barker on 18-6-1846 in Warrington, Cheshire. His occupation was given as poundkeeper, a job he later had at Bulla. A decade later, William went to Australia to see if it was a good place to settle his family. It was, but within a year William had little cause to grin like a Cheshire cat. (Sorry, my warped sense of humour made me do it!)
While William was carrying out the mail contract, possibly with Edmund's help, Frances became impatient and set sail on the Great Britain in February, 1857. (The book states 1856 in other references.) At about the same time, probably soon after 20-1-1857 when the mail contract was transferred to Edmund, William returned to bring his family out. You guessed it. William's ship passed the Great Britain en route and on arrival he discovered this fact and returned pronto. On his return, his wasted fare and time would have seemed insignificant compared with the information that his two sons had died during the voyage.
Neil states that John Bethell accompanied William's wife and three children on the Great Britain which left England in February 1857. (He otherwise states 1856.) However, I believe that William, John and Edmund must have all come out together in 1856. To be appointed the Secretary of a committee by 13-10-1856 (see TROVE), one would assume that John had been in Broadmeadows for some time! Was John Bethell's name on the Great Britain's passenger list?? It would have been nigh impossible for the Broadmeadows pioneer to leave for England after 13-10-1856 and arrive in time for the Great Britain's departure.
John,William and Edmund Bethell had at least one other sibling, a brother. He and a brother of William's wife, Frances, left Liverpool for America and were not heard of again.
William and Frances Bethell's children were: William, Benjamin (both died on the voyage), Sarah (survived the voyage), and (born at Bulla), Elizabeth, Maria, Frances Ann, Edith Ruth and Alice Evelyn.Much genealogical detail can be given if requested. (Check in J first.)
TROVE. A BETHELL CHRONOLOGY FROM THE ARGUS.
13-10-1856. John Bethell had been appointed as secretary to a committee aiming to secure the election of Mr McGregor as a member for East Bourke. The first name on the committee was Donald Kennedy Of Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill who with his brother Duncan owned all of Glenroy and most of the land between Broadmeadows Township and present-day Greenvale.
20-1-1857.The contract for the conveyance of mail between Bulla and Melbourne had been transferred from William Bethell to Edmund Bethell.
28-3-1859 (also 5-11-1861). Edmund Bethell in court charged with drunkenness.
3-7-1862. John Bethell and Joseph Samuel Close were the executors of the late Edward Gideon Jones, pianoforte maker of Broadmeadows.
27-1-1864. Some of John Bethell's land purchases in Broadmeadows Township.
30-4-1864.John was the electoral registrar atBroadmeadows and William at Bulla.
30-5-1864.Edward Bethell died on 28-5-1864 at Broadmeadows of consumption, aged 32.
4-3-1865. George Couser of Broadmeadows had been appointed as electoral registrar for the Broadmeadows Division of East Bourke and of the south province during the absence on leave of John Bethell .
30-5-1865. William Bethell was the electoral registrar at Bulla.
3-7-1866. John Bethell, a member of the congregation took the chair for a farewell to Rev.J.B.Stair in the Church of England schoolroom. (This may have been in the church but it was probably in a C of E school built on Mr Raleigh's land if my memory is correct.)
29-1-1872. William Bethell arrived on the Aggamemnon as a cabin passenger on November 7. (This may have been another William Bethell!)
9-8-1876. William Bethell had been elected as auditor of Bulla Shire.
23-1-1880. Nothing to do with the Bethells but discovered while searching GEORGE BETHELL. The Reddans were pioneers of Bulla of similar status to William Bethell and William would have known Michael Reddan well. Michael was run down by a train at North Melbourne Station!
4-12-1882. William Bethell had died at his Bulla Residence on 1-12-1882, aged 57.He was the electoral registrar at the time.
6-1-1883. With William having recently died, it was no surprise that his widow, Frances, was appointed deputy registrar of births and deaths for Bulla. It was a great surprise to see that her late husband had been followed as electoral registrar by GEORGE BETHELL. I believe, after much time searching, that there was no such person. I initially thought that a sibling of John, William and Edmund may have settled in Victoria and gone to Bulla to support his bereaved sister in law. I am willing to bet that the new registrar was the grocer and electoral registrar at Broadmeadows, George Couser.
15-3-1902. On 14 March, Frances, widow of the late William Bethell had died at her Bulla residence aged 74.
TWO MORE OF WILLIAM BETHELL'S SIBLINGS?
In an effort to find mention of the Broadmeadows' pioneer, John,who was apparently absent from Australia, I tried some old U.K. records. John seems to have had an older sister and a brother who married three years after William near Liverpool and may have been the one who went to America with the brother of William's wife. It seems that William named his daughter,Elizabeth, after an aunt.
BAPTISM, 19 MARCH, 1819, ST ELPHIN, WARRINGTON, LANCASHIRE;
ELIZABETH BETHELL, DAUGHTER OF JOHN BETHELL AND RUTH; ABODE, BRIDGE ST; OCCUPATION, WATCHMAKER; BAPTISED BY J.TOPPING, CURATE. (REGISTER, BAPTISMS 1818-1822, PAGE 63, ENTRY 497; SOURCE LSD FILM 1562960.
LANCASHIRE ONLINE PARISH CLERK PROJECT.)
LIVERPOOL JOURNAL, FEBRUARY 17 1849.
3RD INST, ST JAMES CHURCH, STOCKPORT,
THOMAS, SON OF THE LATE JOHN BETHELL OF WARRINGTON TO HANNAH, ELDEST DAUGHTER OF THOMAS DEAN OF ASHTON-ON -MERSEY, CHESHIRE.
Wasn't it 1849 that the California gold rush started? I wonder if any of Thomas Dean's descendants ran the hotels at Moonee Ponds and Bulla. It looks as if going from Cheshire to Lancashire was as simple as crossing a bridge.If my memory of my googling is correct, a James Bethell was a master (Weaver?) in Stockport and employed
92 women but a Bethell woman was in the workhouse.
Dr John Blair will be discussed at the end of this journal. One source stated that he was William Allison Blair's son and I must confess that I had similar thoughts when I found out about his involvement at Blairgowrie. The details provided by Bob Chalmers make it highly unlikely that he was related to either of our Essendon pioneers.
Alexander and William Allison Blair were early settlers in the Essendon area and it is unknown whether they were related. I have been unable to find much about either family on genealogical websites. Alexander Blair has been described as a farmer of Flatfield, Saltwater River, Essendon. In one newspaper article, his farm was referred to as Floodfield, a name unlikely to attract buyers if you wanted to sell it! At first, I thought Flatfield might have been in Braybrook Nth Township,(the part of Avondale Heights including Clarendon St and bounded by the river and Glenside St) but a check proved this to be wrong. Then I thought of Main's Estate, and this guess was correct.
Alexander Blair had probably been leasing Flatfield from the grantee, J.P.Main, for some time before he bought about 50 acres from him for 2700 pounds 10 shillings on 27-5-1857. This land, lot 5, was on the north side of Rosehill Rd between Steeles Creek and Hoffmans Rd , its northern boundary indicated by the end of Albert St (Melway 27 K1.) Alexander mortgaged it to John Catto on the next day for 1000 pounds. I believe Alexander became insolvent; he never regained the title from Catto. Although the early 1860's have never been mentioned in the same breath as the 1890's or 1930's as a time of depression, many lost their properties at this time (such as Ralph Ruddell of Tuerong and Victoria's first manufacturer of bellows, Joseph Porta.) Catto sold the farm to Dugald McPhail (of Rose Hill)for 630 pounds on 6-7-1861. McPhail sold it to William Hoffman at a 120 pound profit on 16-3-1868. As Dugald McPhail was a neighbour, he probably let Alex and his SPEEDY wife remain on the farm; it will be of interest to compare the dates of Dugald's sale of the farm and of the death of Alexander's ailing wife, which I think was also in 1868. Alex and Dugald were two of the stalwarts of St John's, Essendon.
Although I had seen the name Blair on the Essendon and Hawstead map years ago, it had not made much impression on me because I was concentrating on the area north of Glass St. When I started researching Mornington Peninsula History, W.A.Blair became a centre of attention. Lime burning was from the late 1830's the industry between Boneo Rd, Rosebud, and the Heads. The widowed Mrs Rowley had married Kenyon and they had possibly come across from Van Dieman's Land to burn lime for J.P.Fawkner. The Skeltons, Kettle, Robert Rowley and Henry Cadby Wells, the Sullivans and Owen Cain of "Tyrone" were some of the others who set up kilns soon after.Later others, such as Edward Russell, many of whom had jumped ship, set up their own kilns. They had licences from the Crown for their lime stations but when the land in Wannaeue and Nepean parishes was alienated, William Allison Blair bought up huge tracts of land in Rosebud West and around Rye. By sheer coincidence, most of his grants had a kiln on them; he was trying to create a monopoly! As a result most of the lime burners lost their income with only the Cains and Sullivans surviving in this trade.In Lime Land Leisure, C.N.Hollinshed stated that William Allison had built Navarno at Essendon. No doubt, he meant Ngarveno, in the street of that name, but it was not only his spelling that was wrong- as you will see.
There were, to my knowledge, four family members named William Allison Blair, the third died as a baby and his replacement died in WW1. As well as being a lime merchant William Allison had a farm in Braybrook 200 yards from the Saltwater River, presumably on the south side of the river because the burning of his haystacks was caused by some boys from Footscray. (The farm was, as later information shows, on the site occupied by the Medway Golf Club.) W.A. lived at Netherlea at the corner of Hoddle St and Buckley St, Essendon. This became Essendon Technical School; since 2000 this has become a housing estate with a street named after John Coleman(who became a Bombers champion thanks to Hastings!)
A. 1-7-1852 p.5. A meeting was held at Thomas Armstrong's "Coalville" to consider the best means to erect a place of public worship in the parish of Doutta Galla. Alex. Blair was unanimously elected to the chair. Details of the meeting and of those attending can be found in my journal, REV. JOHN REID RUFFLES FEATHERS.
A. 2-7-1853, p.3. DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. The chairmsn, Mr Blair, Dr Pearce and Messrs Young and Williamson were appointed a committee to forward the erection of a manse at St John's, Doutta Galla as speedily as possible.
A.30-7-1853 p.4.At St John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla, Robert Rogerson married Christina, daughter of Alexander Blair of FLOODFIELD, Saltwater River, Doutta Galla. The parish of Doutta Galla extends from West Melbourne to Sharps Rd, Tullamarine and is between the Saltwater (Maribyrnong) River and the Moonee Ponds Creek.
A. 25-5-1855 p.3, 2nd last column. Alexander Blair, proprietor, advertised the sale of a lease of "Flatfield".He had crops on 66 acres so he was obviously farming lot 6 as well as lot 5. If it had not been sold by 21 May, the lease would be sold by auction at the sale of Mr Main's Springbank Estate. (It was this advertisement, found by chance while looking for references to Peter Young, that compelled me to write the Blair of Essendon journal.) This item confirms my theory of the location of "Flatfield". The Springbank Estate, by far the biggest portion of Main's Estate, joined Flatfield on the north. It was purchased by James Wilson and later farmed for many years by James Anderson of Keilor.
A. 6-3-1856 page 5. Alexander Blair of Flatfield occupied the chair at a meeting to discuss the call of St John's minister, Rev. John Reid, to North Melbourne.
A. 2-9-1856, p.8, column 6. Rev. John Reid said that the false accusations made against him could be disproved by documents provided by Alexander Blair Esq. of Flatfield. (See REV. JOHN REID RUFFLES SOME FEATHERS journal.)
A.1-4-1858 p.8. "Working bullocks-for sale, four quiet bullocks (all leaders) with yokes, bows and chains. Apply to Alex. Blair, near Hainson's Punt across the Saltwater River, on the Geelong road.
It will be hard for you to believe that the above advertisement cost me three hours! I had a fair idea where the punt would be, but I just had to investigate this Hainson fellow. Then, having found that Hainson did not have the punt, and that Queenstown was probably where Alex was based, I went looking for a Cut Cut Paw parish map to confirm where section 7 was. And that is how I discovered exactly where WILLIAM ALLISON BLAIR died!
Firstly the punt. Alex Blair's Flatfield was fairly close to the original Geelong Road. This route was along Macedon (Mt Alexander) road to Braybrook Road (Buckley St west, Essendon)and west to the end of Canning St, Avondale Heights. They would deviate slightly to the north into Rose Hill to cross Rose Creek (Steele's Creek)
and probably then took a bee-line across unfenced paddocks to Solomon's ford (Melway 27 B8.) It seemed like a good idea for the Government to establish the Township of Braybrook on this well-established route in 1850. But it was in the same year that Joseph Raleigh opened a punt that led to both Maribyrnong Rd and Epsom Rd being called Raleigh's Punt Road. The Township of Braybrook, partly in Doutta Galla and partly in Cut Cut Paw, was stillborn. In 1851, a timber bridge was built at Keilor but it lasted only until the next downpour, with the result that "the great road to the diggings" was through Tullamarine and Bulla until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854. A punt had operated at Keilor in the interim. Those travelling to the Ballarat diggings extensively used Raleigh's Punt until Brees' bridge was built and then went through Keilor and along Ballarat Rd (Keilor-Melton Highway.)
These advances did little to help Geelong- bound travellers. Then Michael Lynch established a punt on present racecourse land at the top left corner of Melway 42 F3. Racecourse Rd was known as Geelong Road and a road parallel to Smithfield Rd and probably 200 metres north took travellers to the punt. As I have a mountain of notes on about 20 topics, I do not have time to find when he first set up the punt or why he moved it to the line of Smithfield Rd (which got its name because the first recorded race meeting in England was held at Smithfield Market.)He had the punt and his Punt Inn going by 1853. By 1856, C.J.HARRISON (not Hainson!) was calling for tenders for a brick dwelling (which hopefully has been preserved.) Alex. was near HARRISON'S PUNT!
I am guessing that Alex Blair was on the western side of the river where Queenstown was being subdivided into farms of about 10 acres on part of section 7, Cut Cut Paw. Apparently not making much money from Flatfield, he might have been using the bullocks to cart bluestone from quarries for Wills etc. to Spottiswoode's craft. (Did you notice the origin of the name of Spotswood?)
And where did WILLIAM ALLISON BLAIR die? On Medway Golf Course. William bought land including the golf course from the grantee, Judah Solomon in 1858. It was sold to Thomas Williamson in 1901. Information supplied by Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society, which will be given verbatim later, shows that both Alex.Blair and William A.Blair died at Maidstone.(Environmental History of Maribyrnong, vol.2 pages 6-7.)
A. 24-7-1858 p.8. "Two first rate farms for sale, on Steel's Ponds, near the Saltwater River six miles from Melbourne. The proprietors, Messrs Alex. Blair and James Laverty, in whose occupation they now are, offer them together or separately, comprising 54 and 50 acres respectively, fenced and cultivated, with buildings on each.
The very desirable farms have good black soil and are watered by the ponds running through them, situate adjoining the land recently sold by Mr Watkins and that on which Mt William Hoffman has built his residence."
The two farms were on the north side of Rosehill Rd and separated by Steeles Creek.Laverty had bought the western farm, lot 6 of Main's Estate from the Bears on 21-10-1848. It is likely that both Laverty and Blair were experiencing financial problems; the former mortgaged lot 6 on 21-10-1858 about three months after the advertisement appeared. James Laverty owned the Springvale Estate (on the south side of Keilor Rd between Webber Pde and Milleara Rd; John Laverty (his son) was charged with abandoning the North Pole Inn, which was on the west corner of "The Essendon Road". I had presumed that this road would have been Hoffmans Rd but details of the sale of "Springvale" re frontage and acreage make it certain that the Essendon Road was Milleara Rd (known as North Pole Rd until 1947 in Keilor rate records.)
Peter Somerville maintained that North Pole Rd got its name from the icy winds that swept along it but it was far more likely that there were two poles marking the location of access ramps to Solomons Ford at the end of Canning St, one on the north and another on the south. (A source about the Cut Cut Paw parish, which includes Braybrook, referred to South Pole Road- probably Duke St.) If Milleara Rd led to Braybrook, why was it not called Braybrook Rd? It would have been too confusing because Buckley St was called Braybrook Rd!
The 1856 electoral roll makes it appear that James Laverty was calling the North Pole Inn the Harvest Home Hotel, but this was not the case. Edward Fegan was running the North Pole and the Harvest Home was on J.P. Bear's subdivision of James McNae's farm, just south of Dean's Hotel on the Dean St corner in Moonee Ponds.
It is almost certain that Mr Watkins' farm which he had just sold was lot 7, the southern third of Springbank, immediately north of Alex. Blair's lot 5; Watkins had probably sold it to James Wilson, who had bought the northern 2/3 of Springbank earlier, after running the Golden Fleece Hotel at Pentridge (Coburg.) William Hoffman was involved in Main's Estate but his land adjoining the Blair/ Laverty farms was Butzbach, which extended east from Hoffmans Rd to about Hedderwick St. The house that Hoffman had just built was near Croft St (Melway 28 B2) and accounts for the bend in Price St.The Crofts renamed Butzbach as "Buckley Park".
Hoffman, who had probably been living at "Laluma" nearer to Essendon, had probably just moved onto Butzback and built a grand house. Soon after receiving his grants, he had leased the farm to Alexander Earle McCracken, who had returned to England in 1857 because of the poor health of his wife, Jane.
A.28-3-1866 p.4. John Kirk, son of the late Robert Kirk of Scotland, married Jessie, the fifth daughter of Alexander Blair, Saltwater River.
A. 26-10-1868 p.4. Elizabeth Speedy, the wife of Alexander Blair, died at her residence, Saltwater River.She had endured a long illness before her death at the age of 65. She was a native of Forfarshire, Scotland. It could be presumed that Elizabeth was Janet Young's daughter.
A. 27-10-1868 P.8. The funeral of the wife of Alexander Blair was to leave his residence, Saltwater River.
A. 3-3-1871. Alexander Blair had died on the 2nd at his residence, Saltwater River, aged 72.
A. 3-3-1871 p.8. The funeral of Alexander Blair was to leave his late residence, Saltwater River.
A. 19-7-1871 page 8. The funeral of Mrs Janet Young was to leave the home of her son-in-law, Mr Blair, Saltwater River. She had obviously been living with her daughter and son in law, but both of them had died before her. I WONDER IF JANET WAS RELATED TO PETER YOUNG OF NAIRN.
WILLIAM ALLISON BLAIR.
A= The Argus.
A. 29-9-1855, p.7. The dissolution of the partnership of Forrest Hay, John Thompson and William Blair, merchants was announced.
A 1-12-1856 p.4. The wife of William Allison Blair had a son at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne.)See 19-5-1858.
A 23-9-1857 p.4. The wife of W.A.Blair had given birth to a daughter at Wattle Bank, Essendon.
A 19-5-1858 p.4. William Allison, only son of William Allison Blair, died at Essendon aged 18 months.
A 20-12-1865, p.4.Margaret Allison, 2nd daughter of William Allison and Isabella Blair had died.
A. 14-2-1867, p.7. A netter to the Essendon-Flemington council from W.A.Blair was not read because it was disrespectfully worded.
A 9-1-1869 p.6. Charles Gavan Duffy accused William Allison Blair of employing dummies. Because the Land Act was intended to break up large holdings, those such as Blair, who had quite opposite intentions' would naturally be suspected of getting friends to buy crown allotments on their behalf. David Swan, another dispossessed lime-burner earned valuable income fencing Blair's property and would be willing to assist his schemes. Charles Gavan Duffy became an Irish hero because of his fight for land for yoeman farmers there and continued his efforts in Victoria. It was because of a battle between Blair and Duffy over another allotment that S.S.Crispo suggested that the disputed piece of land be declared a village (Sorrento!)
A. 15-7-1875, p.7. W.A.Blair is listed as a director of the City of Melbourne Bank Ltd.
A 17-4-1880 p.1. At Netherlea,James Boyd of Ballarat married Lizzie Ewart, eldest daughter of William Allison Blair.
A. 7-5-1887, p.2. A sale of W.A.Blair's land in the city was advertised.
A 26-4-1888, p.1. William Allison, elder son of W.A.Blair of Netherlea, had married Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J.M.Peck of Lebanon, Pascoevale. (The elder daughter had married Alexander McCracken of "North Park", the foundation President of the V.F.L.) William and Minnie's son was described at being born at Pascoe Vale. This could have been at Lebanon or at the house, which Peck was said to have built for a daughter and which was later called Cook's Homestead. Illegally demolished, it was on the site now occupied by Red Rooster, across the footbridge from Mascoma St, Strathmore. "Lebanon" still stands in Wendora St.
A.10-9-1894, p.5. The will of Isabella Blair of Buckley St, Essendon is detailed. Mabel Blair was given the Braybrook farm, which we now know was, or included, the Medway Golf Course. Minnie Ann Blair was described as her daughter, but she was a daughter-in-law, being the daughter of John Murray Peck and the wife of Isabella's son, William Allison Blair.
A 15-1-1938 p.4. HOMESTEAD HOME FOR SCHOOL.This article had a picture of Netherlea, which was to be demolished for the construction of Essendon Technical School.
A 19-1-1957 p.24. John Ronald, son of the late William Allison and Isabella Blair of Netherlea, Essendon had died at Kardinia House, Geelong.
OTHER SOURCES. Sgt. William Allison Blair, son of William Allison and Minnie Waters Blair, was killed in action on 16-2-1917, his age recorded on the grave as 27. He was born at Pascoe Vale and enlisted at Essendon. ("Lest We Forget", which gave his parents' address wrongly as "Meruda".) The "A.I.F. Project" adds the following details. William attended Scotch College and had been a stock and Station agent at Dookie before enlisting on 29-7-1915 with the rank of sergeant. His father was described as Captain William Allison Blair of "Mernda", 42 Jolimont Terrace, Jolimont.He was 26 and single when he embarked and died at Armientieres, while serving with C Company of the 38th Battalion at the age of 28.
The farm at Braybrook was probably the one, including the Medway Golf Course, which William Allison Blair bought from the grantee,Judah Solomon, in 1858. It was sold to Thomas Williamson in 1901. The first clubhouse on the golf course was the house built by Solomon or Blair. (Environmental History of Maribyrnong.) The destruction of the deliberately lit haystack by the Footscray lads is detailed in The Argus (5-12-1889, p.9 and 31-12-1889 p.7.)
The following details about Alexander and William Allison Blair have been kindly supplied by Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society.
Great to see that you are still on the job with our history. Yes, I was aware of Alezander Blair's involvement at St John's. He chaired the important meeting at Thomas Armstrong's residence at which the Presbyterian Church was established. His farm was, as you stated, "Flatfield Farm, which was in section 12 north of Rosehill Road. He was born in Angus, Scotland in c1799, married and raised his family in Kettins, Angus and arrived in Port Phillip aged 50 in October 1849 accompanied by his wife Elizabeth (nee Speedy) and seven children- Margaret (21), Ellen (19), Euphemia (17), Christina (15), Janet (14), John (12), and Eliza (7) on the ship "Mahomed Shah". Christina married Robert Rogerson (son of William Rogerson), Eliza married a Robert Cherry, and Euphemia married James Bell- all from prominent families. Ellen (also known as Helen) married John McPhail, the step brother of Dugald McPhail and partner (on Miller's Farm) with James Bell. Jessie (probably referred to as Janet on the shipping record) married John Kirk. Elizabeth Blair (Speedy) died in 1868 aged 63 and Alexander died in Maidstone on 2-3-1871. His father was Alexander Blair and his mother Mary Duff. His will can be downloaded from PROV.
NOTES ON THE ABOVE. Having been alerted by Bob of the Maidstone connection, I discovered that Alex was a trustee of the Presbyterian Church in Maidstone (The Argus,11-1-1862, page 7, Government Gazette.) This seems to confirm my guess that his bullock team had been working on the Cut Cut Paw side of the Saltwater River.
WILLIAM ALLISON BLAIR.
William Allison Blair (no relation to the above) was born in Mearns, Renfrewshire, Scotland, to William Blair and Margaret Allison on 9-9-1821. He married Isabella Ewart (born Durham, England in 1827) in Gorbals (Glasgow) on 6-1-1850. The couple arrived in Australia on the Catherine Glen"in August 1853 together with a James Blair (presumably a 20 year old brother of William Allison. William Allison Blair was shown in the 1841 census as a tailor and in the 1851 census as a hat and cap manufacturer, a trade he took up after arriving in Australia. Willianm Allison Blair and Isabella Ewart had a large family, with 8 children born to them, firstly at Emerald Hill, Fitzroy and Collingwood, but later at Essendon, where Margaret was born in 1859. Three children died in infancy or early childhood. One of his daughters married James Boyd (who served on the Essendon council) and Blair and Boyd were both involved with the mining of lime. Isabella Blair died at Netherlea (Buckley St, Essendon) in 1894 and William Allison Blair died 27-9-1896 in Maidstone. There is more about William Allison Blair in "Fine Homes of Essendon and District".
NOTES ON THE ABOVE. William Allison Blair's death notice can be seen on page 1 of The Argus of 3-10-1896. It confirms that he died at Maidstone.
THE ESSENDON HISTORICAL SOCIETY IS FORTUNATE TO HAVE SUCH A DEDICATED HISTORIAN AS BOB CHALMERS. IT HAS PRODUCED A HUGE NUMBER OF BOOKS SO RESEARCHERS SEEKING DETAILS ABOUT THEIR FAMILIES' INVOLVEMENT IN THE AREA SHOULD CONTACT THE SOCIETY.
Dr John Blair.
LAUNCESTON EXAMINER 15-3-1887 P.2. Dr John Blair was born in Linlithgow, Scotland in 1835.
THE ARGUS 18-11-1876, page 9. Someone who was in a position to know stated that Dr John Blair was the real founder of the Alfred Hospital.
THE ARGUS 29-8-1921, page 1. Mary Hunter, the widow of Dr John Blair, died at the age of 83.
THE ARGUS 12-4-1930 PAGES 3S AND 6S AND 5-4-1930 PAGE 10S. Dr John Blair did not hold to the common view that aborigines were unintelligent. He adopted an aboriginal boy, which his wife Mary was not too keen about, but she soon grew to love him. The boy was named Lani after an Indian cook and was fondly remembered by friends of the Blair family. Lani died in 1900 (Argus 18-1-1900 page 1.)
BLAIRGOWRIE VILLAGE BY THE SEA, a pamphlet published by the Nepean Historical Society, states that Michael O'Grady built the mansion whose later name, Blaigowrie, was used for the settlement known firstly as Manners-Sutton and then Canterbury. (See Sidney Smith Crispo journal.) O'Grady built the stately home in 1874, naming it "Villa Maria" and following his death Dr Blair bought it in 1877 and gave it the name that translates as "field of goats" according to a genealogy website.
Blairgowrie was sold in 1887. (Argus 21-11-1887, page 2, column 7.)
Text wouldn't submit but was luckily saved and will be submitted when the OH NOES gremlins buzz off.
If you still have yesterday's Sunday Herald Sun (9-2-2014) have a look at "Packenham it in" on page 57.
When my twin brother and I were about five we were driven to Grandma Cock's at Bunyip for Christmas dinner. As it was over 100 degrees and dinner was cooked on a slow combustion stove, we were glad to escape to the relative coolness of the blazing sun after our meal. After dad died,my brother and I would be taken to platform 1 at Spencer St Station to catch the train to Bunyip. We loved the train, because, both having ants in the pants, we could spend most of our journey wandering the aisle that ran the length of one side of the carriage. We either stayed with mum's sister, Grace (Mrs Hinson) or Les and Jess Roberts at the top of the hill.
As mum had to work to support us we were later allowed to travel on our own,just like big people, to stay with Auntie Grace or Jess Roberts, who was a life-long friend of mum (nee Edna Cock.) Although we had driven through Pakenham at the age of five, the place had not yet become part of my being. Later, as a typical smutty teenager the name of Pakenham Upper burned its way into the part of my brain that manufactures corny jokes.
When I got a car and a licence, Pakenham became very much part of the romance of the drive to Bunyip, along with places like Officer, Tynong, Nar Nar Goon etc and John Towner's pub. (After John Coleman's career-ending injury, John Towner looked likely to become the next Coleman until he was crudely propelled into the fence and was never the same afterwards.)
Thus when I read page 57 of the Sunday Herald Sun of 9-2-2014, I felt compelled to write a journal about a part of my past,just as I had about Campbells Creek. The headline was "Packenham it in." I would have used "Packenham up"! Daryl Timms' article is presented virtually verbatim with some re-ordering to give genealogy and track information separately. Don't be too hard on Timmsy about his south west gaffe; I have to be on constant guard not to make the same blue.
Gavan and Hughie Bourke (pictured)have vivid memories of growing up in the family home located on what was later to be named Racecourse Rd.There were seven Bourke siblings and their backyard was the racetrack which was founded in 1875. The Bourke link with the racetrack goes back to Ireland in 1838 when Michael Bourke married Catherine Kelly in County Limerick,leaving for Australia on their wedding day and arriving in Melbourne on St. Patrick's Day,March 17, 1839. After five years they gained a squatter's licence and selected land in the Pakenham district. They had 15 children, but two died in infancy and it was their youngest son,David Joseph Bourke, who farmed land on the current racetrack site and allowed races on his paddock.
After the death of David it was sons Hugh and Michael who played the crucial role of keeping the club alive. Despite pressure for the site to become Crown land,the Bourkes agreed to sell the track to the racing club for 25 000 pounds ($50 000)in a deal finalised in 1957. "It was about a quarter of what it was worth,but back then our family wanted it to stay a racetrack forever and we always thought it would, " Hughie said this week.
Brother Gavan agrees that it's sad that the track,on a 27 hectare site and sold for redevelopment for $30 million,will be part of the massive suburbia explosion in the heart of Pakenham. The first races had been annual amateur picnic meetings,the only meetings between 1896 and 1909 being on New Year's Day,but in December 1926 the club moved to regular,professional meetings with the inaugural Pakenham Cup after 4000 pounds (raised with the help of locals) was spent to upgrade and remodel the track as demanded by the government. The Bourkes leased the track to the club for free on the condition that profits benefited public amenities.
It will be an emotional time today (9-2-2014)for the Bourke clan when the track hosts its final meeting-featuring the Pakenham Cup- as the club prepares to move to a new track and multmillion dollar development on 246 hectares of farmland at Tynong , 10 km east of Pakenham and 65 km south west (sic; southeast) of Melbourne.
I don't know whether anyone is writing a Bourke family history. Perhaps it might be a descendant living far
(see comment 2.)
When it comes to being side-tracked, I reckon I must be the world champ.Not long ago,I promised to stick to my Red Hill Dictionary History. And I did until I started the CONNELL entry. CONNELL>WILSON>YOUNG>TURNER>GOMM>PURVES>SOMERVILLE>PURVES>WILLIAM JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE>UNRELATED GEORGE JOHNSTONE>GREEN HILLS is a summary of my mental wanderings. Hopefully I will purge myself of the urge and get back to my Red Hill research after this final fling.
What caused my desire to write this journal was laughter in the courtroom at Dromana. One of the Cairns family, Carrier Harry I think, was suing Alf Head for the cost of repairs to his trap after Alf had caused a prang during a race at the Kangerong/Dromana Show. William Patterson was giving evidence when he was asked if he was related to Cairns. After the affirmative answer, a smart Alec lawyer (Hall?) commented,"Everyone's related down here." Some wag asked,"Are you?" and the courtroom erupted into laughter.
Basically, I will reproduce my notes from Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. It took many hours to assign nicknames in the genealogy from clues offered throughout the book. As I was writing notes from many local history books and transcribing rates,my notes are very brief and concern mainly genealogy, and only to the marriage of Robert, David and Alexander's children. The GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal contains much information about Alex,his son Walter and Walter's daughter Olive. I also plan to give the locations of the grants obtained by members of the family and other farms detailed in rate books. I will also paste text from TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS. Dick Parker had told me I should interview Ray, but I wasn't sure where Ray was until he scored his last century, when an article about the Boneo Bradman led to an interview ten days after his hundredth birthday.
ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.
(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common ABANDONED DUE TO MULTIPLE FAILED ATTEMPTS TO SUBMIT EDITS.
John Kerr built a fine mansion called Kerrsland at the north end of the Glenroy Estate on Pasture Hill,which with Bayview Farm to the south,he had bought from the Donald Kennedy Estate in 1874. Kerr was one of many Scots who built fine homes in Melbourne's north west (such as Alex McCracken's North Park and Theodore Napier's son-in -law
George Page Barbour's Rosebank, both in Woodland St, Essendon) that have been preserved, ironically, by the Catholic Church. Kerrsland became the Broadmeadows Foundling Home for many years, Geohegan College,and then Therry College, named after Melbourne's pioneering R.C. clergy. It is now Penola College, honouring the start of a lifetime of service of Australia's first saint.
The following information was found because of a farm named Glenalin Farm,part of the Glenroy Estate,recently occupied by George Gordon Cameron, that was advertised for lease in 1860 by Donald Kennedy. It was too important to hide in my FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS journal. I have suspected for many years that the Camerons and Kennedys were related. I suspected that Glenalin was later farmed by John Cochrane and sold in 1874 as Glenroy farm (south of Bayview Farm to Rhodes Pde.) P. 78, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.
Do you remember your British history re the Elizabeth/Mary and Church of England/Roman Catholic vendettas,and the Scots enlisting the aid of the Catholic French in their bid for independence? That not all Scots were Presbyterians came clearly to mind when I read the following. As a whole ship load of Camerons arrived in early days, I have been hesitant to assume a link between the Camerons of the Glenroy Estate, Ruthven (Crown allotment 10B, Will Will Rook and granted to Angus and George Gordon Cameron,roughly bounded by the end of Kerang Crt on the south,the railway,the Phillip St/Koroit Ave midline and the Northcorp Industry Park) and John Cameron's Stony Fields (Roxburgh Park) in the parish of Yuroke. Now I suspect that there is a link.
More of that later. Here's the information about the Camerons and the future saint.
Cameron, Alexander (1810–1881)
by Peter Rymill
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, (MUP), 2005
Alexander Cameron (1810-1881), overlander and pastoralist, was born on 18 August 1810 at Lochaber, Inverness-shire, Scotland, fourth of nine children of John Cameron, sawmiller, and his wife Margaret, née Fraser. Alexander attended school at Inverroy, near Ben Nevis, and worked as a shepherd before obtaining an assisted passage in the Boyne to Sydney. The healthy, literate, six feet (183 cm) tall, Highland Catholic stepped ashore on 2 January 1839 with 101 other enterprising Camerons. He immediately embarked on an epic, clan trek organized by his uncles—droving sheep to Port Phillip, following the wheel-ruts of (Sir) Thomas Mitchell's wagons three years earlier. One uncle Duncan Cameron (1800-1860) settled on the Glenroy run, now a Melbourne suburb, while another, Alexander 'Black Sandy' Cameron (1791-1858), advanced into Australia Felix to pioneer Mount Sturgeon Plains, near Dunkeld.
On 27 June 1843 Cameron married Margaret MacKillop in St Francis's Catholic Church, Melbourne. They were to have ten children. He continued to overland his sheep westwards to new pastures in South Australia where he was the first to apply, on 19 December 1845, for the forty-eight square-mile (18.53-km²) occupation licence surrounding the future site of Penola. This frontier venture, subsequently in partnership with his uncle 'Black Sandy', prospered, as did a lucrative sideline—shipping remounts to the Indian cavalry, prepared by a local horsebreaker and poet Adam Lindsay Gordon who 'received the greatest kindness' from Cameron while recovering from a violent kick to the groin.
Having built the original Royal Oak Hotel by 1848, Cameron encouraged his station tradesmen to establish their own businesses by purchasing eighty acres (32 ha) freehold on 4 April 1850, which he subdivided to found the private township of Penola. In 1852 he initiated the Penola races, renowned for their Highland balls, and would drive through the township to the racecourse, once 'with a piper in full blast and ribbons flying' to the great astonishment and excitement of his nostalgic kinsmen. Full-bearded, handsome and commanding in stature, but with a curiously falsetto voice and a strong Highland accent, he was remembered as 'a sterling fellow . . . like the Highland chief both in person and hospitality'.
The Camerons' 18-year-old niece Mary MacKillop joined the growing family as governess in 1860. In 1863 Cameron's wife Margaret died, as did his eldest daughter in childbirth. Selling Penola station next year, he expanded his pastoral holdings on Mount Sturgeon Plains, in Victoria, and at Avoca Forest, near St Arnaud. On 14 February 1867 at Duck Ponds, Geelong, with Catholic rites, he married 23-year-old Ellen Keogh; they lived in Melbourne at Moreland Hall, Coburg. Cameron died there on 2 September 1881 and was buried in Melbourne general cemetery. His wife, their three daughters and four of their five sons, and one son and five daughters of his first marriage survived him. He left a net estate of £72,000 that included over 22,000 freehold acres (9000 ha) and 53,000 sheep. Known to his contemporaries as 'King' Cameron, he has been commemorated as the founder of Penola by a life-sized bronze statue by John Dowie, erected by public subscription in the main street beside his Royal Oak Hotel.
Pastoral Pioneers of South Australia, vol 1 (Adel, 1925)
V. Feehan, Alexander Cameron--King of Penola--A Biographical Sketch (Melb, 1980)
P. Rymill, The Founders (Penola, SA, 1995)
W. Milne, Notes of a Journey from Adelaide to the South Eastern District of SA, January 1863 (manuscript, State Library of South Australia).
History of Glenroy - Moreland City Council, Victoria, Australia
www.moreland.vic.gov.au › Home › About Moreland › Local history‎
Scottish settlers, Angus, Donald, Duncan and George Gordon Cameron rented land from Hughes and Hosking. The Camerons called their farm the 'Glenroy ...
Glenroy Run Farm
Glenroy was in the Will Will Rook parish. Eleven out of fifteen portions of Will Will Rook land were sold at auction in September 1838. The biggest buyers of land were John Hughes and John Hosking who bought 5000 acres. Scottish settlers, Angus, Donald, Duncan and George Gordon Cameron rented land from Hughes and Hosking. The Camerons called their farm the 'Glenroy Run'. Glenroy was named after a narrow glen (valley) in Invernesshire in Scotland. The Camerons leased the land until the 1850s.
Show corrections - NLA Australian Newspapers - corrections
MOONEE PONDS -Mr George Gordon Cameron Glenroy, Mr John Cameron, Deep Creek, Mr Donald Cameron Stony Field COLIBAN -Mr John Cameron. (N.B. Moonee Ponds was short for Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds and meant anywhere near the creek,which was the western boundary of the Glenroy Run. John Cameron was on Warlaby as revealed by a notice published by Robert McDougall ( see comment of 30-11-2013 re BULLA ROAD BOARD under my journal, DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA.)
12 Sep 1882 - Family Notices - Trove
CAMERON -On the 9th inst, at Ruthvenfield, near Campbellfield, John Cameron, eldest son of the late Donald Cameron, of Ruthvenfield, aged 43 years.
Roxburgh Park Homestead - Mantello Holden
Thanks to Yvonne Kernan and her family for the documents relating to the sale of Roxburgh Park in 1949
In a "Heritage Study of the Former Shire of Bulla District, 1998' Roxburgh Park was described as 'of regional historical and architectural significance' first house constructed early c.1850's and second house constructed 1895.
The first owner was Donald Cameron a Scot and he named the property 'Ruthvenfield'*, again reflecting its Scottish origins as Ruthvenfield is a village, in the parish of Tibbermore, county of Perth, Scotland and the bluestone and granite house built sometime after 1848. In the 1949 sale for the property it is stated 'A Granite Quarry of Monumental & Building Stone of excellent quality, a valuable asset is situate on the Southern Boundary' this is possibly where the materials for the original bluestone and granite dwelling house were extracted from.
(*Donald was assessed on "Stony Field" in the Broadmeadows rate book of 1863! I assume that John* Cameron,who later farmed the property changed the unflattering name. *John Cameron received the grant for crown allotment 2 of section 6, Yuroke of almost 40 acres east of Stony Field,bounded on the south east by Cliffords Rd on the south east-i.e. David Munroe Drive- and roughly Thomas Brunton Drive on the north west. The Pascoe Vale/Somerton Rd roundabout was the south west end of Cliffords Rd and the south east corner of Stony Fields.
In 1882 the dwelling was then described as 4 rooms built with stone walls and partitions of brick with a slate roof and timber cottages used for bedrooms along with various outbuildings and various family members seem to have been running the property after Cameron died.
Thomas Brunton a flour miller purchased the property in 1895. It was not long before plans were made to build a red brick house on the property and said to be the present building on the site. Brunton is attributed to being the person who named Roxburgh Park after his birthplace in Roxburgh, Scotland. It was again described in the 1949 sale as 'of brick' and built on an elevated position'. Brunton bred cattle, horses and Shropshire sheep on the property 'originally established by the late Hon. Thom Brunton, MLC as a country home and Stropshire Stud Farm'.
Sue O'Neill and Angela Evans did a great job of recording gravestone inscriptions at the Will Will Rook Cemetery.
IN LOVING MEMORY OF / ANGUS CAMERON[ / WHO DIED AT MELBOURNE / 20TH MARCH 1871 AGED 87 YEARS / ALSO HIS WIFE / ISABELLA KENNEDY* / WHO DIED AT RUTHVEN / 23RD AUGUST 1863 AGED 72 YEARS / ALSO THEIR CHILDREN / JAMES / FOURTH SON, DIED AT RUTHVEN / OCTOBER 1862, AGED 40 YEARS / ELIZABETH / THIRD DAUGHTER, DIED AT RUTHVEN / 17TH JULY 1863, AGED 31 YEARS / ALSO THEIR GRANDSON / ANGUS CAMERON / ELDEST SON OF GEORGE GORDON CAMERON / DIED AT GLENROY 26TH MARCH 1859 AGED 7 YEARS / ALSO OF / ELIZABETH KENNEDY / WIFE OF DUNCAN MCPHERSON / DIED AT TULLOCH, MICKLEHAM / 8TH AUGUST 1880 AGED 80 YEARS / ERECTED BY R. B. MCP. STEVENSON.
(* This would most likely be Isabella's second given name and an indication of her mother's maiden name as seen in so many family naming patterns. Perhaps that was the Cameron/Kennedy family link.)This would be the family that owned 10B Will Will Rook.
TO THE MEMORY / OF / DONALD CAMERON / BORN AT EUROKE / MARCH 1855 / DIED JUNE 3RD 1861 / ALSO HIS MOTHER / SARAH CAMERON / WHO DIED / FEBRUARY 1862. This means Stony Field.Possibly John's younger brother.
ERECTED / BY / JANE CAMERON / IN MEMORY OF HER FATHER / JOHN CAMERON / NATIVE OF INVERNESSHIRE BORN 1818 DIED FEB. 1854 / AGED 37 YEARS / AND HIS WIFE / SUSAN / NATIVE OF STANLEY, PERTHSHIRE / DIED 1855, AGED 27 YEARS.
TO LET, GLENALIN FARM, Moonee Ponds,Broadmeadows, portion of the Glenroy Estate,lately occupied by Mr. George Cameron. The farm contains about 593 acres, fenced in, and subdivided into paddocks, whereof about 300 acres have been under cultivation. There is a substantial dwelling house on the farm, with dairy, stable, and other farm offices attached, all in good repair. Entrance may be had immediately. Apply to J. S. Ogilvy, 65 Queen
street; or to the Hon. Donald Kennedy, of Dundonald, near Broadmeadows. (P.8,Argus, 6-10-1860.)
Where was Glenalin Farm?
The most obvious choice because of the specified 593 acres would be section 10 of the parish of Will Will Rook. This consisted of 10B, Ruthven (403 acres), 10A,between Ruthven and Camp Rd,granted to Alexander Gibb of Meadowbank (142a 2 r. 3 p.) and 10C, north of the Will Will Rook cemetery, granted to Neil Campbell (42 acres.)
This might have been the pre-emptive right of the Glenroy Run,the homestead block. As long as the rent was paid to the government on time each year,nobody else could buy it. The total acreage above is 588 acres, only 5 acres short.
The land for the Will Will Rook Cemetery (10 acres)was supposed to have been donated in the 1850's by Neil Campbell who received the grants for the 40 acres to the north and most of Campbellfield to the east. Perhaps the trustees leased the northern,unused half to the Camerons for grazing to keep the grass down.This would have been exactly 593 acres.
Glenroy Farm consisted of lot 4 (388 acres 3 roods 35 perches) and lot 5 (210a. 1 r. 25p.)east of the railway line. (P.78 B.A.F.H.) It was between Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and roughly Hilton St and included the Northern Golf Course site,where it adjoined Fawkner's Box Forest Co-Op. land. This is close to the required acreage but the western boundary, the railway, was not built until 1872.
A third possibility for the location of Glenalin Farm is also part of the Hughes and Hosking grants bought by the Kennedy's over a decade earlier. Donald had partitioned the land in 1857,presumably when Pascoe Vale was properly made to Somerton Rd to link with the new road to Sydney,Duncan getting the land east of this road to the creek, about a third of the land.
As mentioned before, lot 4 in the 1874 subdivision of the Glenroy Estate,the part of Glenroy farm containing the buildings,consisted of 388a. 3r. 35p. I have seen no mention of Duncan farming his land, so there is no reason why,despite roadside fences,Glenalin farm could not have straddled Pascoe Vale Rd with the 300 acres of cultivation on Glenroy Farm and grazing on 205 acres between the road and the creek on Duncan's land.
Lot 4 of the subdivision was the northern half of section 1, Will Will Rook, which consisted of 1174 acres.
Lots 4 and 5 totalled about 599 acres, so that means that there were 575 acres between the railway line and the creek or about 503 acres between the road and the creek. Because of the route of the road and the course of the creek south of Fran St,it is likely that Duncan's land west of lot 4 would consist of about 200 acres, and west of lot 5 about 300 acres. Lot 4 extended onto Duncan's land would total about 589 acres and lot 5 about 510 acres.
If the former was Glenalin Farm, its southern boundary is indicated by the Pascoe Vale Rd/Barwon St corner and the northern by Muntz Ave (named after an early Broady Shire engineer), and Hilton St.
AND THE SAINT!
Extract from:Mary MacKillop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mary Helen MacKillop RSJ, also known as St Mary of the Cross MacKillop, was an Australian of Scottish descent who has been declared a saint by the Catholic ...
‎Early life and ministry - ‎Founding of school and ...
MacKillop started work at the age of 14 as a clerk in a stationery store in Melbourne. To provide for her needy family, in 1860 she took a job as governess at the estate of her aunt and uncle, Alexander and Margaret Cameron in Penola, South Australia where she was to look after their children and teach them. Already set on helping the poor whenever possible, she included the other farm children on the Cameron estate as well. This brought her into contact with Fr Woods, who had been the parish priest in the south east since his ordination to the priesthood in 1857 after completing his studies at Sevenhill.
MacKillop stayed for two years with the Camerons before accepting a job teaching the children of Portland, Victoria in 1862. Later she taught at the Portland school and after opening her own boarding school, Bay View House Seminary for Young Ladies, now Bayview College, in 1864, was joined by the rest of her family.
Founding of school and religious congregation.
Fr Woods had been very concerned about the lack of education and particularly Catholic education in South Australia. In 1866, he invited MacKillop and her sisters Annie and Lexie to come to Penola and to open a Catholic school. Woods was appointed director of education and became the founder, along with MacKillop, of a school they opened in a stable there. After renovations by their brother, the MacKillops started teaching more than 50 children. At this time MacKillop made a declaration of her dedication to God and began wearing black.
On 21 November 1866, the feast day of the Presentation of Mary, several other women joined MacKillop and her sisters. MacKillop adopted the religious name of Sister Mary of the Cross and she and Lexie began wearing simple religious habits. The small group began to call themselves the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart and moved to a new house in Grote Street, Adelaide. There they founded a new school at the request of the bishop, Laurence Bonaventure Sheil OFM. Dedicated to the education of the children of the poor, it was the first religious institute to be founded by an Australian.
Ever noticed that the block on the Melrose Drive /Derby Street corner, across Derby St from the 7 acre Tullamarine Reserve, is TRIANGULAR? That is because Post Office Lane, the northern boundary of Trade Park across Melrose Drive, and the southern boundary of the triangular block follow the boundary between sections 3 and 6 of the parish of Tullamarine. David William O'Nial's Lady of the Lake Hotel was on section 3 and the triangular block, on section 6, is at the south west corner of the Camiestown (or Camieston) Estate. Because Hamilton Terrace (the one acre blocks), bounded by Melrose Drive, Derby St and the bent south end of Victoria STREET, was to have rectangular blocks*, Derby St had to meet the great road to the diggings at a right angle, forming the triangular block's north west boundary. (* 1x10 chains or 20x200 metres.)
By the time this advertisement appeared,the 450 (or 466) acre Chandos fronting Mickleham Rd from Freight Rd (inclusive) to the Moonee Ponds Creek may have already been sold to John Peter. This property will be discussed extensively later.
To owners of stock in Messrs Riddell and Hamilton's Paddock. NOTICE is hereby given that all horses and other stock now running in Messrs Riddell and Hamilton's paddock on the Moonee Ponds, adjoining the Lady of the Lake, public house, must be removed by the first day of October next, the paddock being now under sale.
THE VILLAGE OF CAMIESTOWN and Small Farms on the Moonee Ponds, For Sale.
THE undersigned have received instructions from Messrs. Riddell and Hamilton to sell their well known grazing paddock, on the great Mount Alexander road, and adjoining the Lady of the Lake public house. It is now being subdivided into village allotments and small farms,.... There is a mile of frontage to the great road to tho diggings. These frontages and the village allotments will be one acre each in extent, and the small farms, with frontages to roads leading to the water,can be had of five acres each up to 50. A great portion of the water frontage is reserved in common to the purchasers. (P.3,Argus, 22-9-1852. )
TO BE CONTINUED. ,FAIRVIEW,METHODIST, SUNNYSIDE.)
The parish of Tullamarine was surveyed by 1842 with many square mile blocks in the middle and smaller blocks fronting the Moonee Moonee Ponds and Deep and Jackson's Creeks. In 1847 a road was surveyed from North Melbourne to the newly proclaimed Village of Bulla. It cut corners off section 3, 6, 7, 14 and 15. John Carre Riddell had received the grants for sections 6 and 15 and John Pascoe Fawkner had received the grant for section 7. Fawkner bought the cut-off section 6 corner on which John Beech built the Beech Tree Hotel (almost opposite the Tullamarine Reserve site (Melway 5 F10.) Riddell bought the north east corner of section 7 (Melway 5 E7.)
CHANDOS was bounded by Mickleham Rd,Moonee Ponds Creek,Wright St and the Back Lane (Derby St.) It remained in the ownership of the Peter family for about 50 years until in about 1902 my great grandfather, John Cock,who had been leasing Stewarton/Gladstone for a decade, bought the property and dividing it into three farms,of 140, 198 and 123 acres,kept the middle portion for himself. The southern 140 acre farm became known as Wright's Strathconan,the largest portion as Bill Lockhart's Springburn and the northern 123 acres as Percy Judd's Chandos Park. William Bamford later bought the northern portion and built a new weatherboard homestead which is today surrounded by brick houses. Who's going to be the first to post its address?
The aerial photograph in VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD;ON MY DOORSTEP shows two paddocks enclosed by boxthorn hedges. The one fronting Victoria STREET is part of Charles Nash's Fairview. The one fronting Wright Street was Wallis Wright's Sunnyside. Fairview was consistently described as 100 acres from 1863 in Broadmeadows rate books and Sunnyside as 43 acres. It is interesting to note the "great portion of the water frontage reserved in common to the purchasers".
Title documents show that Charles Nash purchased 67 acres 2 roods and 25 perches fronting Victoria St and Wright St consisting of lots 1-6 and 15-20 (i.e. 12 lots of roughly 5 acres each.) (Volume 80 folio 902 and Vol.89 203.) His original purchase however consisted of lots 7, fronting Victoria St, and 21,fronting Wright St.(Volume T folio 997) The boxthorn enclosed Fairview paddock would consist of lots 1-3,hence about 15 acres. The Fairview homestead would have been on lot 4. The enclosed Sunnyside paddock would have been on lots 16-20,obviously bought from Charles Nash. There seem to be two buildings accessed from Wright St by a long faint straight drive on about lot 22, which might indicate a later Sunnyside homestead area or a third farm.
Fairview's 100 acres would definitely have consisted of lots 1-7 (35+ acres) and maybe lot 15 (about 8 acres),George Goodwin's 9, 10,11,23,24, 25 (30 acres),John Anderson's 12, 13, 26 (15 acres), and Thomas Purvis's 14, 27 and 28 (15 acres.)
Charles Nash would have been one of the original purchasers on the Camiestown Estate in 1852. The Gages were early residents of Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows)and Charles married Mary Gage.They bought land, where Trade Park now stands, from Alphabetical Foster and called it Bayview. Charles donated land for the Methodist Church. The Nash, Parr and Wright families were mainstays of the church for a century, the Andersons,John Blanche and Edmund Dunn also being prominent in earlier days while Tommy Loft of Dalkeith, his daughter, Doris Scoones,and the Morgans were leading lights from the 1920's. The Nash family also bought land on the south side of Mansfields Rd (Melway 4 G4)to spell dry cows. Olive Nash supplied much information when I started researching Tullamarine's history in 1988. Like Mary (Gage) she became a widow far too early. Olive was the daughter of the postmistress, Mrs Simmons, and young Harry Nash's willingness to collect the mail was not only due to him being a good Methodist! The dust and noise from the quarry eventually forced Olive to move away from her beloved Fairview and she spent her last years in a home unit next door to her fellow Methodist Church stalwart, Joyce Morgan.
A daughter of Charles and Mary Nash married an early Moonee Ponds bootmaker and their son,Gordon,must have been born in about 1890 because he was just short of his century when I interviewed him in 1989. Gordon used to go up to Fairview as a boy to help with the hay harvest around Christmas time. He recalled Cam Taylor's St Johns being green, when every other paddock was dry,because Essendon's nightsoil was dumped there. I don't know how long the smell would last, but you could try a sniff next time you're going past the original (north) part of Essendon Aerodrome!Gordon also saw the Travellers Rest Hotel (Melway 16 A5) before it burnt down in 1899. The Fairview haystacks were protected by mats woven from reeds obtained at Altona.
By 1911, Wallis Wright had died and two of his sons were involved in occupations off the farm. Fred was a blacksmith who had been apprenticed to William Munsie and then took over his forge on the part of section 7 east of Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive) that Fawkner had sold to Riddell. Ted was a wheelwright (on the present garage site on the north east corner of Black Street-now Cooper's Hill Drive- in Broadmeadows Township,-now Westmeadows) that he had taken over from John Kingshott. Frank Wright, who married Tullamarine teacher,Jessie Rowe, and was farming the 140 acre Strathconnan by 1920 (and with Wallis Wright Jnr was a former schoolmate of W.A.Furphey who was killed in W.W.1)may have been another son of Wallis and Mary Wright,possibly Wallis Jnr, who also served in W.W.1, too. Sunnyside seems to have been leased out for a while and in 1923, when Harry Heaps was 14, his family moved onto Sunnyside and established one of the many pig farms that began to change the pattern of Tullamarine's hay and dairy farming tradition.
Pig farming was hard work so the Heaps changed to Poultry farming after a while. Poultry farming was to become another type of farming at Tullamarine with the Duggans on or near Judd's old Chandos Park. A brick building, just past the motel on the Wright St corner, was a chicken processing factory.Alec Rasmussen, Tullamarine's much-loved teacher and longtime progress association secretary,suggested that the T.P.A. acquire Noah Holland's old 6 acre property, which had not been occupied since the drover's death. This was done and young Harry Heaps was one of the willing workers who planted pine trees around the perimeter.
RESERVE AT BROADMEADOWS.
At a meeting of the Broadmeadows Council on Thursday representatives of the Tullamarine Progress Association waited on the council to deliver to the council the deeds of six acres of land near the Tullamarine boundary of the shire, which have been acquired for recreation purposes. The deeds were handed to the president of the council(Councillor Laffan) by Mr. A. H. Rasmussen, secretary of the association, who said that it was
intended that the land should always remain in the possession of the people of Broadmeadows.
Honour Board Unveiled. Organised by the Tullamarine Progress Association, a "Back to Tullamarine" and reunion of old scholars and teachers of the three schools which have existed in the district was held at Tullamarine on
Saturday afternoon. Two of these schools-Seafield and the old Tullamarine school-were closed 51 years ago. Three hundred people were present, some coming from other States. The oldest of those returning for the celebrations were Messrs.C. W. Howse, aged 84 years, and C. Evans,aged 82 years. Of the sons and daughters of the first 21 pioneers who arrived at Tullamarine between 1842 and 1850, only four of whom are known to be alive, two were present. These were Miss Elizabeth Grant and Mr. W. McNab. The oldestnative of the district present was Mr.Frank Wright, who still lives in the district. The oldest teacher present was Mr.A. H.Rasmussen, who was in charge of the Tullamarine school for nearly 20 years.(P.6, Argus, 1-4-1935.)
A recreation reserve, gained after 87 years of settlement at Tullamarine, and an honour board of the district's pioneers were just two of Alec Rasmussen's contributions to the Tullamarine community but sadly community consultation with users of the reserve and 2013 residents on the Camiestown Estate led to the proposal to name the reserve after Alec Rasmussen being rejected. Further efforts are being made to have some other reserve nearby named after Alec.
From about 1929, Tullamarine had its own football team for about four years but as most of the players were hard-working farmers,it was hard to keep up the numbers. One of Harry's team mates described him as a nuggety rover. He wasn't bad as shown by an invitation to train with North Melbourne.Harry was not the only Tullamarine player to attract the interest of V.F.L. clubs.W.J.Doyle of "Ristaro", fronting Sharps Rd west of today's Fisher Grove houses,was another.
W J Doyle, Tullamarine to Essendon, (P.12, Argus, 8-6-1933, FOOTBALL, LEAGUE PERMITS.)
When he was married, Harry Heaps bought a property in "Hamilton Terrace" just south east of the Wright St (now Springbank St) corner. It probably consisted of two of the acre blocks because it had an unusually long frontage to Melrose Drive. The 100 year old house was so run-down it had to be demolished. Michael Reddan's wife had been born there according to Harry, and much-loved politician and founder of the Essendon Historical Society, Sam Merrifield,after whom the Moonee Ponds library is named, had lived in it.
Although Harry Heaps was in poor health in 1988-9 when I was full steam ahead with my research of Tulla's history, he reeled off one anecdote after another for four hours at a time,preceding many with his mischievous "I shouldn't tell you this,but.." There was an old barn on Harry's property and a boxing ring in it let the young bucks of Tullamarine test their pugalistic skills.
After Harry's death his descendants were delighted to receive from me a videotape of our conversations. They could not have possibly felt sadness watching the tape because Harry retained the "naughty boy within" despite his advanced age and they would have been too busy chuckling. When the property was sold and subdivided after Harry's death, the street within it, Strathconnan Square, was named after the 140 acre farm across the "back lane" (Derby St.) Unfortunately the spelling should be STRATHCONAN as the name had a long o sound.
WILLIAM HEAPS, Late of Tullamarine,Farmer, Deceased. - After fourteen clear days Lily Armstrong, of Tulla-
marine, married woman, and Mervyn Clifton, of 34 Hunter street, West Brunswick, accountant, the executors
appointed by deceased's will, dated the 11th day of October, 1948, will APPLY to the Supreme Court for a grant of PROBATE of the said WILL.(P.16, Argus, 19-1-1950.)
It is likely that Sunnyside ceased to be a working farm in about 1956 when Harry's mother died.
HEAPS. - On August 28. at her residence, Tullamarine. Mary Lesley, dearly loved wife of the late William, loving mother of Lily(Mrs. Armstrong), Eva (Mrs, Clifton). Harry. May (Mrs. Tucker), aged 81 years.
(P.13, Argus, 29-8-1956.)