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The Quarantine Station site is an integral part of Victoria's history. Dennis and Honora Sullivan leased the land from the Crown in 1843 but when a ship arrived near the start of the gold rush in 1852 carrying a great number of infected passengers, immediate steps were taken to establish a quarantine station on their land because the current station at Elwood was considered too close to Melbourne.

The Quarantine Station buildings replaced the tents that were hastily erected in 1852 but are of equal historical significance to that of the Port Arthur penal buildings in Tasmania. Visitors to Pt Nepean are able to soak up the heritage of the pioneer cemetery, Cheviot Beach where Harold Holt disappeared, the quarantine station and the underground passages at the fort-amidst Mother Nature's garden.

A lease to private operators would lead to an historically insensitive situation such as at Dromana where the historic Church of England is now dwarfed, engulfed, by a huge apartment complex only metres away.

Vicky Sullivan is opposing this lease of crown land at Pt Nepean and she needs our support.

Here's some background on the issue. I believe the lease proposal is now for a 99 year term.

Stateline Victoria - Abc
Aug 29, 2003 - ZOE DANIEL: At the old Quarantine Station, where some of the first ...Vicki Sullivan is a direct descendant of the earliest settlers at Portsea.

ZOE DANIEL: Defence land at Point Nepean, near Portsea at the very tip of the Mornington Peninsula, will not be sold. Instead the Federal Government has revealed what it calls a compromise plan for it to be leased with its historic buildings to a private bidder for up to 50 years. The Government says it's the best way to preserve prime, coastal real estate for community use.

FRAN BAILEY, PARLIAMENTARY SECRETARY: We believe that the outcome that we have will provide that maximum protection by having the Commonwealth ownership, Commonwealth planning, Commonwealth legislation and having the leasehold very stringently controlled.

ZOE DANIEL: But its motives are being questioned.

JOHN THWAITES, VICTORIAN ENVIRONMENT MINISTER: Anything could happen there, we could end up with helicopters, five-star hotels, exclusive compounds.

ZOE DANIEL: At the old Quarantine Station, where some of the first Victorians came ashore, renovations have already begun to prepare the site for a new manager. Around 30 hectares will now be available here, under a new tender process based on a 40-year lease with an option for an extra 10. There'll be no State planning restrictions, and there is likely to be an accommodation element.

FRAN BAILEY: It might be student accommodation, it might be backpacker accommodation, it might be family accommodation.

ZOE DANIEL: It might be high end accommodation?

FRAN BAILEY: could be any sort of accommodation. But what I can rule out is that there can be no high-rise multi-storey hotel on that site.

ZOE DANIEL: A children's camp is more likely - with the historic Portsea Camp, which has been operating since early last century, likely to be offered a new home within the development. Ecotourism and property developer ES Link is most likely to win the tender. In these previously unpublished plans, it proposes a research institute and maritime centre, a quarantine museum, simple accommodation and restaurant and parklands complete with walking trails. But there's a catch - it'd take over the Portsea Camp's current site on prime headland which is zoned residential, and would be divided into house blocks - each returning millions of dollars to the developer. Before the Federal Government abandoned its intention to sell, local residents campaigned with the National Trust and National Parks Association for all of the land at Point Nepean to be added to the existing national park. Now they're mobilising again. They question the future of the historic Quarantine Station under the Commonwealth's plan - which doesn't rule out an exclusive hotel or convention centre.

JUDITH MUIR, TOURISM OPERATOR: With all the goodwill in the world, governments change and so we need State planning laws that are enshrined, we need to be aware that we're doing this for future generations not just for now.

WILL BAILLIEU, RESIDENT: What happens down here is not going to be in the control of Victorians at all, it's going to be totally in the control of what Canberra wants to do.

ZOE DANIEL: But there's even division among the lobbyists on this issue - and at least one group now supports the Commonwealth. Environment Victoria is an umbrella organisation representing environment groups. In this plan for Point Nepean, never published, it calls for the integration of the remaining Commonwealth land into the national park. The group sent out press releases along the same lines, and accepted and spent donations based on that premise. Now for the sake of pragmatism it says, it's applauding the Federal Government, even though private development on the site is ahead.

ERIC NOEL, ENVIRONMENT VICTORIA: Environment Victoria took the position that we wanted a solution based on the key tenets, that was that the land must remain in public hands and any development of that site, of the built Heritage area, must be done in accordance with the community master plan.

ZOE DANIEL: Environment Victoria is now at odds with some local residents, the National Trust and the National Parks Association. It's been accused of political favouritism and has received a complaint from Federal Labor after a confrontation with MP Kelvin Thompson over the State Government's failure to buy the site.

ERIC NOEL: Quite clearly Mr Bracks has broken another election promise and Kelvin should explain that to you members of the media.

KELVIN THOMPSON, MP: No, well, your political partisanship stands clear and stands exposed. The State Government has made very clear that it is willing to take over this land and manage it as national park...

ERIC NOEL: Don't get excited...

KELVIN THOMPSON: ..for all people for all time.

ERIC NOEL: Calm down, calm down.

ZOE DANIEL: But the lobby group says it changed sides because the Federal Government came up with the most realistic option. So you picked a winner and basically that was the Federal Government?

ERIC NOEL: Well, I think everyone is a winner in this situation, I think there are no losers.

ZOE DANIEL: Long-term Portsea resident David Stewart agrees. He likes the plan for an educational precinct taking advantage of the area's maritime heritage and environment and agrees with Environment Victoria's view that developing the Portsea Camp site is a fair swap for the sake of preserving the valuable defence land on the foreshore.

DAVID STEWART, RESIDENT: I think the value of that site that the people will come to enjoy over the next 40 or 50 years will make it so valuable, priceless in fact, that it will be preserved for all time.

ZOE DANIEL: But opponents of development at Point Nepean are still not satisfied. Vicki Sullivan is a direct descendant of the earliest settlers at Portsea. Many of her relatives are buried at Point Nepean and it's the time after her own passing that she fears.

VICKI SULLIVAN, RESIDENT: I would feel a lot safer if it was national park, because we don't sell our national parks and you know the Commonwealth wanted to sell it five minutes ago. Who's to say in 50 years, when I'm 90 and far too old to fight again that they're not going to sell it off then, who knows?

KATHY BOWLEN: By the way, among the backers of ESL are Melbourne's Lieberman family, Steve Vizard and Toll Holdings' boss, Paul Little.


22 September 2014

Local groups condemn planning proposals for Point Nepean Quarantine Station

The Nepean Conservation Group and Nepean Historical Society have voiced their strong criticism of the proposed granting of a 99-year lease over the Point Nepean Quarantine Station to a Sorrento property developer.

Dr. Ursula de Jong, Chair of the Nepean Conservation Group, said that the Government has kept the community in the dark on critical details.

What we do know, however, is that government plans effectively excise a large area (not yet determined) from Point Nepean National Park. And that their preferred developer Point Leisure Group have proposed an exclusive luxury health, wellbeing and geothermal spa retreat that ignores the values of the national park and will deny public access to many areas of the park. The community fought long and hard for an integrated national park at Point Nepean - the proposal further separates the QS from the NP.

A new planning zone (Special Use Zone 5) is proposed, as well as some other changes including removal of environmental significance overlays, amendments to the park management plan, removal of third party appeal rights to VCAT. The new zone allows future sub division. It puts the Minister for the Environment in charge of both the town planning decisions and the requirements under the National Parks Act, which as Minister he can override. He is also in charge of lease length and conditions.

Doreen Parker, President of the Nepean Historical Society, said that rich and complex layers of history at the Point Nepean Quarantine Station are of national significance but are not properly planned for in the story being told by the Point Leisure Group.

PLG has even airbrushed out reference to the name Quarantine Station by calling its development The Point.

The community groups consider that consultation process was too short, lacks critical information, and denies the community any future involvement in the important decisions about development at the Point Nepean Quarantine Station.

The Victorian Governments consultation ends on 1 October 2014. After that, all decisions about development of the Point Nepean Quarantine Station will be made behind closed doors between the property developer and the Government.

One of those decisions may be to subdivide the land, an action that will be enabled under the governments planning processes and made much easier if the property developer is granted the 99-year lease. Its as good as selling off the Point Nepean Quarantine Station.

Every Victorian will be affected by this proposal for such major development in one of our NPs. The groups are calling on the Victorian Government to redraft the SUZ5, establish planning processes that involve the community in key decision making, provide the details necessary for the community to make an informed judgment, extend the consultation process, and then reconsider the Point Leisure Groups proposals. They are also calling for people to submit their concerns to the Government by the 1 October 2014 deadline.

Some of the building at the Quarantine Station led to the death of Rosebud fisherman,Patrick Wee Wee (buried at the Rye Cemetery, where a detailed plaque has been installed by the Rye Historical Society) and four quarrymen whom Patrick was taking to the Quarantine Station.

The Telegraph reports that last Sunday evening, 26th ultimo, about 5 o clock, a Maori fisherman, named Patrick
Tomut Wee Wee, living at Rosebud,near Dromana, was drinking in the bar of the Tootgarook Hotel, at Tootagrook, and conversing with four young men named respectively Richard Knott, Richard Barry, Richard Abbott, and Richard
Bellringer, who wanted him to take them to the Quarantine ground, where they were employed by Mr Muir, a con-tractor, as stonemasons.
(04 Jan 1870 - VICTORIA.


This journal was prompted by Bezza sending me the information in italics. Mr Fenwick was probably managing the farm for Helen Melville. Thomas Steuart Gladstone was cousin of the prime minister. Stewarton and a farm of the same name in the Western District were probably named after Gladstone's partner. Stewarton was renamed Gladstone in the second year of John Cock's lease.

The will of the late Mr Thomas Gladstone has been proved. The personalty in the estate amounts to £25=,000.Kilmore Press 23 May 1889 p3. This is Thomas Steuart Gladstone. There was also a Sir Thomas Gladstone that died in 1889.

Fenwick seem to have Gladstone park in 1917 when it was sold.
Essendon Gazette 22 Feb 1917
Gladstone Park Sale. Campbell and Sons and McCulloch Hancock will sell, on Wednesday,. Inst., at 1 p.m., at Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows. under instructions from A. G. and C E. Melville. the whole of pedigreed and farm mares, dairy breeding sows, sheep, machinery, farm implements and sundries. Particularly given in our advertising columns, and other details may be had from the auctioneers or from Mr. A. Fenwick. Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows.

Essendon Gazette 14 Sep 1916 p2
Clearing Sale at Broadmeadows. .Last Tuesday week, 5th September, a very successful clearing sale was held at Gladstone Park, Broadmeadows, by McPhail, Anderson and Co., in conjunction with McCulloch and Hancock. The proprietors having decided to relinquish dairying and to go in solely for sheep and cropping, instructed the above agents to hold a clearing sale of all the dairy stock, plant, etc. A large number of buyers attended and a good sale resulted. Cows. in milk some time, made to £11 10s; springers, to £14; 21-year-old heifers, in lines, £6 12s 6d;: 18 months to 2-year-olds, £4 12s Gd; 9 to 12 months olds, £3 2s 6d; bull,.to £10 2s 6d. The plant. etc.. also sold at good values.

Essendon Gazette 8 August 1918 p3
MR. A. E. HOADLEY Has secured the Imported Welsh Cob, GWALIA CAESAR Who will stand the Season at GLADSTONE PARK, BROADMEADOWS. Terms on Application.

Section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine fronted the east side of today's Mickleham Rd from the Lackenheath Drive corner to Forman St where it adjoined Broadmeadows Township.The first bridge in the township joined the two parts of Ardlie St.

Today's suburb of Gladstone Park is separated from the rest of SECTION 5'S 777 acres (subdivided as the Gladstone Gardens Estate) by the freeway. It also includes most of "Viewpoint" which ran south to the junction. Marigold Crescent in Gowanbrae is also part of Viewpoint. About half of Camp Hill/ Gowanbrae is in Gladstone Park while the portion south east of the Ring Road carries the farm's second name.

George Russell of Golf Hill in the Western District who bought Section 5 Tullamarine is shown on the Parish map as the grantee. He bought it for Niel Black of Mt Noorat near Colac who arrived in 1839 as the representative of Niel Black & Co. The partners in this firm were A.Stewart,Thomas Steuart Gladstone, Alex Struthers Finlay and Niel Black. Section 5, Tullamarine was probably intended as a holding paddock or depot to rest sheep hoofing it to market in Melbourne and was owned by Neil Black until his death in 1880 and in 1881-2 by his estate.

In 1882-3 Gladstone became the owner and from 1888-1892, land speculator, G.W.Taylor, was recorded in rate books as the owner;he'd anticipated a killing because of the proposed railway to Bulla with a possible branch to Broadmeadows Township. Taylor fled the country leaving massive debts and the Gladstones regained title as well as pocketing the deposit and part payments.Andrew Lemon said the Gladstones owned the 777 acre farm "until the 1920's" but the rate collectors thought otherwise;the next owner was Frederick Newman Levin, from 1949 till 1952 when he sold to Stanley Korman.

Lessees were Peter McCracken 1846-1855 (McCracken Papers), J.Maconochie , 1863-4, Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint",the next property south 1865-1873, John Taylor 1873-5, John Kerr of Kerrsland 1875-1892 (Kerr and sons 1881-2), John Cock my great grandfather 1892-1912, HELEN MELVILLE 1912-1917, A.E.Hoadley 1917-1920, L.Roxburgh 1920-1930, Jim Barrow 1930-1949. Owner/Occupiers from then were Levin 1949-52, Stanley Korman 1952-1964, Costain Development Pty. Ltd (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.) The last occupant of the second Gladstone Park Homestead (site known) was Ian Farrugia who was also the last occupant of the remaining house on THE LAST OF THE BROADY FARMS (Camp Hill/ Gowanbrae), the second farm south.


Much information about Pascoe Vale, Oak Park, the naming of roads (Bell St after Bell Manor, O'Hea's Rd after Father O'Hea) and locations (Westbreen school after West and Breen etc) can be found in Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, the history of the City of Coburg. BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY has quite a lot about Pascoeville,the Young Queen,Belle Vue and John Kernan/Merai.

Bruce Barber's website on the history of Strathmore supplies information from rate books and other sources about Strathmore.To locate Bruce's website, google HISTORY OF STRATHMORE, RAY or you'll have to wade through countless pages about Strathmore in Canada.

From Harry Heaps at Tullamarine to Ron Doig at Tootgarook, everyone seems to have have told me about a plane crash in the early days of aviation. Here's one about a crash at Pacca.

Forced down by engine trouble, a light plane, piloted by Mr Howard Morris of North Essendon made an emergency landing yesterday afternoon in a paddock near Cumberland road, Pascoe Vale. Neither Mr Morris nor Mr McFarlane of Coburg, a passenger, was injured. The plane was only slightly damaged. After the wings were removed the ma- chine was towed back to the Essendon aerodrome.(P.2, Argus, 16-12-1937.)

This article is about Jack Campbell, the man who owned the board track. Only part of the article appears here.

He moved back to his old hunting ground (the Motordrome)in 1934 with an agreement he thought was "water tight." However, there was a loop- hole, and after two years he was forced to look for a new venue for his races. He bought a block of land at North Essendon, and within a month shifted the whole track there and had racing in full swing. That was 12 years ago, and the Campbell era of cycling now is drawing to a close.
(P.10, Argus, 1-5-1951.)

Site at Essendon
The Broadmeadows Council yesterday approved a proposal for the transfer of board track cycle racing from the Exhibition to a site near the Napier Park coursing ground. The work of re-erecting the track would cost about £4 000.
Councillor Mutton said that it was merely a proposal to transfer the Exhibition track to North Essendon. He thought the track would be a great acquisition to the district.
An amendment to defer consideration for a fortnight to enable the people of North Essendon to express their views was defeated.
After the council had granted the application Mr J Campbell said that he was the promoter of the proposal. An area of about seven acres of land had been obtained about 100 yards from the North Essendon railway station Legal action had forced him and his partner to leave the Exhibition.
If a track were not obtained for the coming season professional and amateur cycling would decline and Olympic Games aspirants would not be afforded facilities to prepare themselves for Finland. Racing would be held on Wednesday and Saturday nights. (P.15, Argus, 1-9-1939.)
The Station is now called Strathmore. It would be clearer to say that the Napier Park greyhound track and the board track were on opposite sides of the railway line, not of the station.

The site is on the opposite side of the station to the coursing ground. Work on the new track will begin on Monday, and the first races will be held on the first

Saturday in November.

Rosebank, one of Strathmore's historic houses, was built by Barber, who was part of one of Melbourne's early law firms before moving to Warrnambool. He was buried at Warrnambool.
DEATH. BARBER.-On the 21st March, at his residence, "Rosebank," Wood land-street, North Essendon, George Page Barber; also of Staywood Park, Warrnambool, in his 76th year. (P.2, Warrnambool Standard, 24-3-1914.)

The shire of Broadmeadows was huge in 1944, stretching as far north as Wallan. Most of the councillors were farmers and although money had been set aside for facilities at Strathmore,the Pascoe Vale residents (west of Northumberland Rd)were far from happy.This area was later transferred to the Coburg municipality.

(P.6, Kilmore Free Press, 13-7-1944.)

There is some information from BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS in regard to this Pascoe Vale farm. John Pascoe Fawkner purchased section 151 of the parish of Jika Jika, consisting of 780 acres, on 1-8-1839.This land was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Ck, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Northumberland Rd and Gaffney St.

Fawkner was affected by the depression but was saved from bankruptcy by putting his property,Belle Vue or Grand View, in his wife's name. In 1842, the 218 acre part of the property east of Sydney Road (Pascoe Vale Rd)was sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom a section of Pascoe Vale Rd within the Township of Essendon was named)and was known from that time as Merai Farm. It was leased by Ashurst to various tenants, Joseph Burns being the first. John Kernan commenced leasing Merai Farm in 1856.

In 1871,John Kernan, by that stage owning or leasing about 500 acres in that area appeared before the Royal Commission on Noxious Trades and said that he'd improved the yield on his farms fifteen-fold on the poorer soil by using animal matter from the Maribyrnong meat Preserving Company as fertiliser. He had to confess that the smell was pretty strong.(P.63-4, B.A.F.H.; not in index.)

John Kernan died in 1879 and Merai Farm was carried on by his widow, Mary, and his son, John. The Kernans had not bought Merai Farm and in 1885, a group of Melbourne businessmen from Melbourne were parleying with the Ashurst family to buy the land.

John Kernan was a great friend of Michael Loeman of Glenloeman at Bulla according to Harry Peck of Hiawatha in Strathmore. John Kernan was supposed to have subdivided land in Strathmore and given Loeman's Rd (Strathmore) its name.

John Kernan Jnr was still on Merai Farm in 1898.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 11 March 1898 p 3 Article
... FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS. A field trial of agricultural implements took place yesterday at the farm of Mr. Jolm Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds. The trial, which was under the auspices biih w is undei tin nuspius of the lîouil Agutullut li ?»oí ntl, nts luteiulid lo bung out competition bctwien miihi ... 588 words

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 12 October 1866 Supplement: Supplement to The Argus p 1 Article
... in foal-Board's prize, £10, J. F. Donaldson ; board's second prize, £10, John Kernan, Merai ; third ... farm purposes, also property of exhibitors-Board's prize, £6, Alfred Douglas, Geelong. Three Colts and ... 2256 words

The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 October 1887 p 2 Detailed lists, results, guides
... Vale; second, £2; third, £1. 1st, John Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds, Switzerland; 2nd Hon H. Miller, ... Melbourne. Farm and Garden Produce-Mr. E. Richardson, Nagambie; Mr. D. S. Hughes, Lonsdale street, ... and G. Burnip. Farm and Garden Produce-Messrs. G. Dickie and H. Vallence. Implements and ... 7129 words

The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 Edition: Morning p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -4-- Lieut. E. J: Kernan, of "Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch; Town Hall, ... Ascot Vale, has been wound ed for the third time. and.. now an in-. mate of a hospital at Bouen, where ... 336 words

Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -----+---- Lieut. E. J. Kernan. of '*Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch, Town

Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 6 February 1930 Edition: MORNING p 2 Article
... 'Obituary., An old and highly esteemed resident of Pascoe Vale. passed away to eternal reward when -Mr John Kernan departed; this life on 28th ultimo. The deceased,, who:had.been in rather delicate health1 for some. time,.was 7.4 years ofage, spent, most. of his .long life in-.the district; .

North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 22 January 1886 p 3 Advertising
... the Pascoo Railway Station, and the well-known residence of Messrs. J. M. Peak, Kernan, Anderson ... of December, 1885
(This article seems to indicate that John Kernan Jnr was living in present-day Strathmore.)

WM ADAMSON and Co have received instructions from Mr John Kernan Merai Pascoevale to SELL,as above through their auctioneer James McPhail.
The whole of his choice herd of dairy cattle,
horses and dairy utensils as under -
Comprising 80 cows in full milk 23 springers,20 heifers 12 to 20 months old the progeny of the above cows.
HORSES 5 saddle and harness horses
DAIRY UTENSILS. 2 refrigerators
15 milk cans and numerous other articles used in connection with a dairy.
Everything offered will be sold as Mr Kernan s instructions to us are to sell without the slightest reserve. We would draw attention to the fact that there are no store cows or strippers amongst the Milkers they being all cows in full milk, and cows that we can highly recommend to those in want of first class milkers.
The sale of cattle will start at one o clock sharp. Luncheon provided.

Trains leave Spencer street Station for Pascoevale at 8.37 a m and 12 noon.
Wm. Adamson and Co 408 Bourke street.(P.2,Argus, 13-7-1891.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 1 March 1886 p 2 Advertising
... luitrueted by John Kernan, Esq., to SELL by AI'011 ON' at Mcrai, .Moonee Ponds, Pmscoevale-road, on .

John Kernan had probably been concentrating on hay production, draught horses and elevators being among the items on sale. Ashurst must have sold Merai but the subdivision possibly stalled. Therefore another 5 year lease seems to have been negotiated with John turning to dairying; hence the clearing sale of 1891.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 3 April 1886 p 2 Advertising
... that valuablo freehold property, being part of Crown Allotments 150 and 151, parish Jika Jika, countv ... Is at present In the occupation of Mr. J. Kernan, and It is splendid FARM LAND. The crops obtained ...

The description of Merai containing land in crown allotment 150 puzzled me but I figured it must have been a small parcel between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line and sure enough,there was the tiny Kernan Ave at Melway 16 K10.

The Kernans were pioneers of Somerton as well.
Coburg Police Court. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE.
The Coburg Leader (Vic. : 1890 - 1913) Saturday 23 May 1908 p 4 Article
... Coburg Police Court. rt. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE. John Francis Kernan, licensee of the 'Somerton, Hotel, pleaded guilty that being the licensee of licensed premises known as the Somerton Hotel in the Broadmeadows licensing district, a sale of liquor took place on such

John Kernan seems to have been the first licensee of the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel, built by Bulla pioneer,Tulip Wright. The following Gazette notice describes the hotel as being on the corner of Macedon and Keilor Roads. Over the years Bulla Rd was called Macedon Rd, Deep Creek Road, the Great Road to the Diggings (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854),Bulla Rd,Lancefield Rd, and now (north of Keilor Rd), it is called Bulla Rd, Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 1 April 1851 p 2 Article
...esterson, Richmond ; John Kernan, junction of the Mount Macedon and Kielor roads C ... ; George Vutgo, Somerton ; Sarah Wulle, Pentridge.

Macedon Road was mentioned re the location of the hotel for which John Kernan wanted his licence.I found this when I entered "Sydney Road, Pascoeville.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. ;
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road, from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road,leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road.
((P.4, The Melbourne Argus, 5-5-1848.

The first became Bulla Rd, the second Keilor Rd, the third Oaklands Rd and the fourth Pascoe Vale Rd.

FOR SALE, at Pascoeville, orders for which will be received at the Patriot office, Melbourne, a small quan tity of Lucerne, and of twelve varieties of English Grasses, either for lawns or meadows. A few English Trees which have been nearly two years acclimatised, consisting of Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Maple, Acacia, Walnut, Chesnut, Filbert, and Spanish Chesnut. These persons who really delight in ornamenting their country residences Will be blind to their own interests if they neglect the present opportunity. JOHN P. FAWKNER.
(P.1, Geelong Advertiser,16-5-1842.)

No doubt Fawkner planted some of each type of tree on Belle Vue Park. Only one of the trees he planted remains; it is an oak. After Fawkner's widow, Eliza, died, John? English bought the property and built the double storey brick building which remains today. A later owner, Hutchinson, a Glenroy flour miller, renamed the property Oak Park because of all the oak trees Fawkner had plantedor so it had been written!

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 26 April 1952 p 6 Article
... TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES Today will see a rush of weddings. It will be the most popular Saturday for marriage since the new year. One of today's biggest weddings. will be that of Patricia Catherine, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R, J. Hutchinson, Oak Park, Glenroy, to James Francis ... 238 words

Hutchinson was on Belle Vue by 1949 when Patricia's engagement was announced to another bloke.

He was there by 1945.
Mr Justice O'Bryan, in the Practice Court, upheld an appeal on behalf of Hutchinson's Finley Flour Milling and Agency Co Pty Ltd, of Hartington st, Glenroy, against a conviction and fine of £50 by Mr Nicholas, PM, at the City Court for an offence under the Prices Regulations. His Honour made the order nisi to review the decision absolute, with costs, and set aside the fine.

The appellant company had been fined on a charge of having overcharged for bran and pollard.

At the City Court there had been 10 charges of a similar nature against the company, and 10 against Robert Graham Hutchinson, of Oak Park, Glenroy, a director of the company.etc. (P.10, Argus, 2-3-1945.)

The farm had been called Oak Park much earlier than this.
ALCORN - In loving memory of George James eldest son of James and Annie Alcorn, and loving brother of Wallace and Jack accidentally killed at Pascoevale, November 1 1924. (Sadly missed by his loved ones at Oak Park Glenroy). (P>1, Argus, 1-11-1926.)

Subdivision of "Oak Park" began in 1946 and an aerial photo of the area in 1954 (on page 173 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) shows the homestead and the beautiful garden surrounding it in the centre with quite a few houses, especially near Pascoe Vale Rd.

Joseph English bought Belle Vue when Fawkner's widow, Eliza (nee Cobb) died in 1879. It is probable that he named the property Oak Park at about that time.Hutchinson did not bestow the suburb's name!
ENGLISH. On the 24th March, at "Oak Park," Glenroy, the wife of J. M. English a daughter.
(P.13, Argus, 14-4-1917.)

English St in Essendon Aerodrome was most likely named after Joseph or John English. Joseph let part of Belle Vue to either the Knights or Fred Morgan (can't remember which but the two families were related by marriage and one family was related to English)and their property was called The Pines. (Fred's place. See Victoria and Its Metropolis and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS.) Other tenants known to be on Belle Vue were Rob. Bryant,dairyman and Frank Goyder, a thoroughbred enthusiast mentioned in detail by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. Another occupant is mentioned in this report.

HUNTING Oaklands Club By Blue Top.
Meeting at Sherwood, Oaklands Junction on Saturday the Oaklands Hunt Club had a drag run to Glenroy. The throw-off was in the Sanatorium property through J.Attwood's Dundonald Estate to the Mickleham road which was crossed taking the field into K Campbell's Springbank, thence through Willowbank to J Walsh's, Andersons and Underwoods where hounds were checked near the bridge in Broadmeadows road. Taking up the line again in Pahoff's the pack raced down the valley into McLeans and then crossed the railway bridge Into Gibson's and on through Proudfoot's, Parker's and Morgan's to W.Burke's Oak Park where hounds threw up their heads near the dam after an excellent run of seven or eight miles.etc. (P.11, Argus, 28-6-1937.)

Follow the hunt on Melway.----------------------------------------------

I think that Hannah Pascoe was really Australia's first saint. She performed a miracle! Hannah, from a well-to -do family married a silversmith who earned a free trip to Australia- as a convict. Did Hannah go back to her parents with her young son,where they would both prosper? No. Hannah chose to accompany her husband, John, halfway around the world to establish Victoria's first settlement at Sullivan Bay, near Sorrento, in 1803. She obviously worried about her son, John Fawkner being contaminated by the dregs of English society (as most of the convicts were), but she wanted to keep the family together.

When Collins relocated to Hobart after a few months because of supposed difficulty in obtaining fresh water, the locale changed but not the corrupting influence that could turn young John to a life of crime,laziness, drunkenness, cursing and so on. When John's father obtained his ticket of leave, he was granted some land but much of the income he earned from it was wasted on drink. Hannah and her son were facing a life of poverty.

Hannah was informed of an inheritance and had to return to England to claim it.Here was her chance to return to the comfortable life she had known before her marriage, and although C.P.Billot does not say in THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER whether she took her son with her,it is hard to imagine her leaving her son in the care of his drunken father. Hannah returned and it is almost certain that the various enterprises started later by John Fawkner in Launceston were made possible by Hannah's inheritance.

John Fawkner developed into a hard-working, community-minded, literate, law-abiding man. Considering the environment in which he grew up,that was Hannah's miracle. There was one slight blip on young John's record regarding the law but it illustrates his caring nature, generosity and championing of the cause of the common man rather than lawless tendencies. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825,the 33 year-old John Fawkner adopted her maiden name as a second given name as a mark of respect for everything that she had done for him.

When R.K.Morgan's old factory site on Gowanbrae was to be developed into a residential area,the Moreland Council asked for suggestions of street names.I was delighted that this wonderful woman was honoured by my suggestion of a street being named after her was adopted.(Hannah Pascoe Drive, Melway 16 C3.)

By googling "john pascoe fawkner, land co-operatives",I came up with the following:

Place: Victoria Bank
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
the 1851 John Pascoe Fawkner land co-operative estate on Sections 13A and 13B Parish of. Tullamarine; for its association with the locally prominent Mansfield ...

Heritage story - Organ Pipes N.P. (PDF File 388.6 - Parks Victoria
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
Batman's old rival, John Pascoe Fawkner. It is believed that Fawkner intended to subdivide the land and sell it to members of his Victoria Co-operative Freehold ...

Port Phillip Apostle No 3: John Pascoe Fawkner | The Resident ...
Nov 20, 2008 Now what on earth is John Pascoe Fawkner doing here? .... his plans for a Tradesman's bank and schemes for a co-operative land society.

Oh dear! The report on Victoria Bank contains some excellent research and documentation but unfortunately, the author has confused two different farms. More about that later.

My research in the titles office had given me the impression that little 5 foot 2 tall Johnny had obtained his grants (except for Belle Vue)on behalf of co-operatives consisting of his beloved yoeman farmers (as C.P.Billot put it.)These grants were Box Forest (now Hadfield); Coburg Central (parish of Jika Jika); 22C, Doutta Galla (now the Airport West Shoppingtown site south of Dromana Ave historically occupied mainly by J.B.Howse and Sam Mansfield); Section 7 Tullamarine; section 13 Tullamarine (bisected by Mansfields Rd) and Section 10 Tullamarine on Tullamarine Island (containing Cooper Rd and the part of Organ Pipes National Park east of the river.) I will not go on about the pioneers on these grants as this entry is about a pioneer of Oak Park, not Tullamarine etc.

There were two farms called Victoria Bank in Tullamarine's history and they were both owned by members of the
McNab family,not the Mansfields. The first one consisted of 160 acres of section 8 Tullamarine,with its northern boundary being an eastern extension of Barbiston Rd,the adjoining parts of section 8 being Seafield (John Grant) of 320 acres to the north and Oakbank(McNab) of 160 acres to the south. The MCNab who owned Victoria Bank moved to Lilydale and his son,Angus,returned to Tullamarine* and bought 93 or 95 acres fronting the north side of Barbiston Rd between Barbiston to the south and Aucholzie to the north.
(*Before 1888, exact year probably in the VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS entry for Angus.)

The member of the Mansfield family was talking about "Roseleigh" in Mansfields Rd (which is still standing and on land granted to John Pascoe Fawkner!) The author's confusion was probably caused by the homestead block of the second Victoria Bank (on the north corner of Barbiston and McNabs Rds) being called Rosebank by the Courtney-Shaws, whom I interviewed circa 1989 as well as videotaping the old brick house and beautiful garden. The website shows timber structures and if I remember correctly they fronted Barbiston Rd within the homestead block.

GREEN GABLES.(Melway 16 J9.)
This historic house was across the footbridge from Cook's Cottage (demolished and replaced by Red Rooster.) Green Gables was demolished in about 1989 for the construction of the Ruth Bednell Retirement Village. It was a two-storey weatherboard mansion on two acres. It could have been bought for a thousand pounds during world war 2. The house was used for prisoner rehabilitation after the war. (I believe this information came from Lenore Frost's book about Essendon's historic houses.)

This cottage was built by John Murray Peck of Lebanon, according to the owner of Lebanon in 1989-90. Sam Merrifield gave its name as Wanganui in his house name index according to Lenore Frost but this was probably a guess at its spelling by a typesetter who had been given the name orally. Many newspaper advertisements for its sale spell the name as Wannaeue, the name of a parish containing McCrae, Rosebud, Tootgarook, the part of Rye east of Government Rd and Boneo north of Limestone Rd.

There is a claim on the Walking Melbourne website that the house was a changing station for Cobb and Co. As Peck moved into Lebanon in 1882 (having previously lived in Mascoma at Ascot Vale,recalled by a street name there), this claim,if true,should not be taken as an indication that the house was built in the 1850's. It was probably built after 1882 and as Cobb and Co was not likely to be providing a service on what had been a sleepy country road for a quarter of a century, the coach service was more likely to be run by a local operator.
(The Walking Melbourne website has some excellent history of the area with photos of the house built by English on the site of Fawkner's Belle Vue homestead, a classified Oak tree nearby- in Oak Park of course! Wentworth House (the La Rose homestead)and so on.
To find these photos and articles, google WALKING MELBOURNE, OLD SYDNEY ROAD.)

I no longer have my Broadmeadows Shire rate transcriptions but I am almost certain that Mrs Alexander McCracken was assessed on the house in 1920.She was John Murray Peck's daughter. Alex died in 1915 and his widow probably leased their country estate, Cumberland, out; the Johnsons of Glendewar moved onto Cumberland shortly afterwards but moved back to Glendewar later,probably because the beautiful homestead (whose cost ruined George Coghill) had burnt down. She may have done the same with the North Park mansion (now the Columban mission on the Essendon side of Woodland St) and moved to the cottage so she could be close to Lebanon and her brother, Harry's "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.

Dr Farquhar McCrae took the hippocratic oath but more than one person thought he was a hippocratic oaf. One was Alphabetical Foster who horsewhipped him because the doctor had dudded him in relation to the transfer of a squatting licence for a Run near Dandenong. (Streets in Dandenong are named after both of them.)His own brother, Andrew, who held the Arthurs Seat Run near Dromana, was struggling financially but Farquhar, who had borrowed money from him, made repeated excuses instead of repayments.

Farquhar was granted land in the parish of Jika Jika, which probably extended one or two hundred metres north and south of Moreland Rd. (I'd have to check the parish map to be sure which.)He named it "Moreland" after an uncle's plantation in Jamaica. However he bought La Rose, (which if I remember correctly had already passed from the grantee to another owner)and got Bulla pioneer Michael Loeman to manage it; Loeman later leased "Moreland"for 14 years. The first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek in Moreland Rd was called the Loeman Bridge.

According to Richard Broome in BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, McCrae built the core of Wentworth House but most of it was built by Coiler Robertson. He probably only spent a few years there before the horse-whipping saw him flee to Sydney.I have a feeling that Coiler Robertson bought the property in about 1845 but he was certainly there by May, 1849, as the electoral list for the County of Bourke (P.4, Argus, 1-5-1849)shows:
Robertson, Coiler,dwelling house,La Rose,Moonee Moonee Ponds.

This is slightly earlier evidence.
Ploughing match.-The farmers on the Moonee Moonee Ponds have formed themselves into a society under the designation of the Moonee Moonee Ponds Farmers' Society, formed on the model of the Farmers' Societies in Scotland, and they have so far matured their arrangements as to have appointed Friday next, the 28th instant, for holding their first ploughing match, which is to come off on Mr Colyer Robertson's farm, La Rose, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus,25-7-1848.)

Coiler also bought land in the parish of Doutta Galla on which still stands a house named Trinifour (on the south side of Park St just west of the railway gates). I don't know if that is the house described below; my memory tells me that Coiler's son, James, built Trinafour in the 1880's. James was the brother of Peter McCracken's wife, Grace, and arriving in the colony as a brewer had probably been responsible for the success of the McCracken Brewery.Coiler had over-extended himself.

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20. Preliminary Notice.
Sale of Freehold Farm, Comprising 107a. 38p.Together with The Dwelling house and Building Erected Thereon,
In tho Insolvent Estate of Coiler Robertson.
By Order of John Goodman, Esq , Official Assignee.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from John Goodman, Esq., Official Assignee, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises (lately in tho occupation of Coiler Robertson), on Thursday, November 20, at twelve o'clock,
All that piece or parcel of land in tho colony of Victoria, county of Bourke, and parish of Doutta Galla, being part of Allotment B, Section No 6, commencing at the north-west oorner of the said Allotment B, and bounded on tho north by Allotment A, containing 107a and 38p., being a line bearing east 1OO chains 35 links ; on tho east by a road one chain wide, being a line bearing south 36deg. east,11 chains 82 links; on the south by other part of tho said Allotment B, conveyed to Robert M'Cracken and Peter M'Cracken, being a line bearing west 67 chains 17 links ; and on tho west by part of Allotmont No. 4 of Section No. 7, containing 80 acres, being a lino bearlng north 10 chains to the commenclng-polnt ; containing, in fact, 107a. and 38p.
Together with the Dwellinghouse and building thereon.
(P.2, Argus, 17-11-1860.)

Robert McCracken was the brother of Peter and father of Alex McCracken, and lived (from the mid 1860's) at Ailsa on the north side of Kent St. This property was the first playing venue for the Essendon Football Club in the 1870's with the McCrackens being heavily involved,the ground probably on the area where streets bear the names of John Filson and his wife. Alex, a 17 year old Scotch College student was its first secretary and was later the foundation President of the V.F.L. from late 1896 to shortly before his death in 1915. Peter farmed on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) 1846-55 and then leased a dairy on Kensington Park (North Melbourne side of Kensington Rd,where William Samuel Cox later ran the Kensington Park Racecourse)until his Ardmillan mansion was built (on the site of 35-39 Ardmillan Rd, I presume, as Nos 35 and 37 do not exist.) Peter,a majority shareholder,with Hugh Glass, of the private Essendon Railway,had to sell Ardmillan shortly before the Government bought the railway and built the North Eastern Railway to Sydney through Strathmore/ Pascoe Vale and Campbellfield in 1872, turning Campbellfield into Broadmeadows and Broadmeadows into Westmeadows. Allotment 4 of section 7 was part of land granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor. His son,James Robertson Jnr built Aberfeldie on what had formerly been called "Spring Hill" and his daughter, Margaret, married Coiler McCracken who built Earlesbrae Hall (now Lowther Hall.You can see how historians mix up these two James Robertsons, both related to the McCrackens through marriage: James, son of Coiler of La Rose and Trinifour (the brewer),and James Jnr of Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie. Andrew Lemon confused another James Robertson (of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield) with the Upper Keilor family!

THE LA ROSE ESTATE. The increase of population and the extension of the City of Melbourne on all sides has necessitated a development of suburban settlement and a consequent occupation of land, which, a few years ago was hardly ever mentioned except perhaps in cases like La Rose when its aspect elicited an expression of admiration from some passing traveller. The estate above-mentioned has been most asiduously advertised by Messrs Munro and Baillieu, the jubileo auctioneers and if the public, do not know the ins and outs of La Rose, together with the almost ridiculously cheap terms at which it is to pass under the hammer, they must be singularly obtuse. We may, however, remind our readers of the vicinity of this charming spot, but the means of access to it have been rendered so easy that we would advise them to take a run out and see for themselves. The estate is situated on gently undulating ground sloping away in the direction of the Moonee Ponds Creek, and commanding an extensive view of Melbourne and its northern suburbs. The handsome villas and snug cottages of Essendon, are seen in close vicinity, on one hand and on the other the environs of Brunswick meet the eye while far away in the distance is the city with its spires and prominent buildings, the whole presenting a panorama which needs to be seen to be fully aprreciated. We. strongly advise our readers to follow the advice of an advertisement in another column and make themselves thoroughly au fait as regards everything connected with LaRose especially the terms which are within the reach of all. A few years ago Moonee Ponds and Essendon had only hourly trains and a scant and scattered population, and now both are two of the most prosperous suburbs round Melbourne and there is every reason to believe that La Rose will follow in their wake, and even eclipse, by reason of its picturesque situation and hygienic advantages the older suburbs as regards prosperity and popularity.(P.3,North Melbourne Advertiser,2-4-1887.)

This advertisement appeared fairly close to the peak of the land boom which came to a crashing halt because of the depression a handful of years later.The next boom was in the 1920's following W.W.1, but it was not until 2-2-1954 that development justified the opening of Pascoe Vale South State School.

This article about North Melbourne and the General Election seems to be having a dig at the La Rose Estate, so extensively advertised in 1887.

The number of ' roses' about was quite a feature. Indeed one would think that a flower show was 'on,' or that a certain estate at Pascoe Vale, which in the days of the alas now defunct boom was advertised extensively, was again in the market...(P.2,North Melbourne Advertiser, 30-3-1889.)

The first auction sale of a suburban subdivision for some years has been announced for August 16, when H. P. Knight and Co and Mr G, T. Collins, Brunswick, will submit a further complete section of La Rose Estate. West Coburg.(P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.) The subdivision, which contains 81 allotments, is close to the Bell st bus service and a few minutes from North Essendon station. (P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.)

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 10 August 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... the beloved child of Mr. John M'Caffrey, aged 6 months. ROBERTSON.-On the 9th inst., at Trinafour, Essendon, Mrs. Coiler Robertson, in her 90th year.

THE Friends of the late Mrs COILER ROBERTSON are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery The funeral will leave the residence of her son, Mr Jas. Robertson, Trinafour, Moonee Ponds, on Monday, the 12th August, at 2 o clock p.m. (P.8,Argus,12-8-1878.) Had she been living on La Rose?

The McCracken letters mention The Coiler Robertsons being in financial difficulty and leasing out their property. William McCulloch who had made his fortune as a Murray River paddle-steamer operator bought Glenroy Farm of 636 acres (stretching north from Rhodes Pde halfway to Camp Rd )in 1874. He seems to have been living at La Rose. Was it the quality of the house or the view that attracted him? Did he own it or was he leasing from the Robertsons?

It is likely that McCulloch had married a sister or daughter of John vans Agnew Bruce, who (with Cornish) had built much of the railway to Castlemaine in 1858, owned the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey between Bruce Rd and the Martha Cove Waterway and was apparently a son in law of Big Clarke.

McCULLOCH.On the 28th inst., at La Rose, Essendon, Catherine Vans Agnew, youngest daughter of William and Catherine McCulloch, aged 10 months and 11 days. (P.4, Argus,29-4-1873.)

Well,this has me in a real tangle! Do they mean the youngest daughter of the late CoilerRobertson because James was still apparently still alive and living at Trinifour two years later.

LANGTRELROBERTSON.October 28, at the Presbyterian Church, Albert Park, by the Rev. D. S. M'Eachran, assisted by the Rev. M??k, J. S. Langtrel, of Bourke, to Alexandra, youngest daughter of the late James Robertson, of La Rose, Essendon.(N.B. Coiler McCracken had moved to Bourke after losing Earlesbrae Hall. Alexandra mustn't have been very young if her mother was nearly 90!)

The Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1869 when an organisation was formed to stop the Melbourne Hunt Club trampling farmers' crops. Robert McDougall of Aitken's Estate (between today's Aberfeldie and Avondale Heights)took the chair. Reference was made to the case of Dunn v Waldock in which Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" in Tullamarine hd unsuccessfully sued Waldock, Master of the Hunt, for damage to his crops and ewes.
(P.5, Argus,15-6-1869.)

As the Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1969,they must have bought it from creditors or leased it from the new owners. Mr. Alfred Bliss reports the sale of La Rose estate, Moonee Ponds, consisting of 276a. 2r. 37p., for the sum of £6,018 cash ; or at the rate of £21 15s. per acre.(P.4, Argus, 31-10-1860.)

It is likely that La Rose was still an intact whole in 1933.

Reference to the Cooks being on La Rose in 1933 has been deleted because Mrs Cook (nee Bottoms)appears to have been occupying a HOUSE of that name whose address was 2 Fitzgerald Rd, Essendon.

These were two strains of shorthorn cattle. Robert McDougall of Arundel in Tullamarine and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (see Airport West journal)hardly spoke to each other because Robert was a Booth advocate and Henry was a supporter of the Bates Strain. This made things difficult when they bought farms on St Johns (North Strathmore area), Henry the 300 acres near Bulla Rd and Robert the 200 acres near Pascoe Vale Rd. At least Robert had an ally close at hand, William McCulloch of La Rose and Glenroy Farm.


The preferred route to Sydney was past the Young Queen Inn. (murder, 2nd at Coburg etc.)

THE McKENZIE ORAL HISTORY. (From my KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS, Dec.,1990-not a journal.)
Jim McKenzie's parents moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale in 1937 when Jim was about 13. Peggy McKenzie(nee Holmes) was about 5 in 1935 when her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St,five years later shifting to Fawkner St a bit further up the hill.

Most of the boys had horses and many of their rides took them through Cow Dung Flats,the name they gave the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd.

Most boys had a horse by the age of 12 or 13. There were plenty of vacant blocks between the isolated houses to keep them on.Another place the boys rode their horses was Happy Valley,across the creek from Boeing Reserve.

Deliveries of milk were made with horse-drawn carts but road traffic in the 1970's caused a change to motorised transport.

FLEET ELECTRICS, on the corner of Pascoe Vale Rd and Woodland Ave, which manufactured electric ovens there before W.W.2, probably pioneered secondary industry in the area.

After leaving the army in 1947, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life and preferred outdoor work. He found a job at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd that later became the Coburg drive-in.

The area started to build up in the 1950's as a result of Arthur Caldwell's boost to immigration.

Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings each at South Melbourne market and lead them along Spencer St etc to Flemington Bridge from where he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St. Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing them out of the jinker. After being broken in, the horses were sold for two pounds each and with the brisk demand, this was a good earner.

After the war, Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracks at Westbreen, Happy Valley and alongside the narrow Hume Highway* to train them and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel at Maribyrnong. Another training venue was near the dog and cycling tracks.(*Jim would often use slow moving trucks as mobile barriers, following them on the left hand side for some distance before accelerating past them!)

Jim and his mates would often ride through Strathmore in about 1940. Dotted about the area were Mrs Barrett's dairy, Rosebank, and Lebanon, now owned by boxing writer, Jack Oates.Near the eastern end of MascomaSt, Randalls,a real estate firm,was selling house blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds.The Mills lived on the south side of the road and Jim Flood,the policeman,and his wife lived near the future site of the Strathmore North Primary School.Another policeman,Mr James,and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St. One house that Jim didn't mention was "Hiawatha" in which Harry Peck was probably hard at work writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd, Miss Roberts owned all the land from Cook's Cottage* to the garage to the south. Miss Roberts was probably a niece of Louisa Ellen Roberts (B. Bond St, London 6-6-1840, Lebanon 5-7-1928) who married John Murray Peck. (*Albert Cook, Broadmeadows Shire Secretary, moved from the old shire office near the bridge in Westmeadows to this cottage in the late 1920's when the new shire hall was built on the present site on Twomey's "Glen Allan". The cottage was probably J.M.Peck's "Wannaeue". It was bulldozed without a permit and Red Rooster now occupies the site.)

As you've probably realised Jim's history of Pascoe Vale is really a history of Pascoe Vale AND MILES AROUND. The same thing happened to my histories of Tullamarine and Rosebud. Jim and his mates went several times to Sunbury in a covered wagon for a weekend spent rabbiting and fishing for redfin at Rupertswood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy was the most prominent feature at itswestern end in 1940 and still in 1970 when Jim and Peggy moved into Tasman Avenue.

HALF HOUSES were common in the years after the war and like most growing suburbs, Strathmore and Pascoe Vale had their share. Buildersactually needed a permit to obtain materials such as timber. Councils were forced to relax the regulations so that part houses could be started and finished when more materials became available. Concrete roofing was common in this era.

Peachey-Kelly Town was the locals' name for Westbreen despite District Inspector Davies coining the latter name for state school 4158. Some other residents of the area were the Toys, Marshalls, Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residents had other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners didn't mind as it kept grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall near which she lived. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip ans a shilling to get into the dance.

COONAN'S HILL. This area near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Parade was another venue for training trotters. In this area there were market gardens, many run by Chinese.Reynolds Pde and other nearby streets were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES are now rare but, up to 1950, they were very common. Rationing of petrol continued for some time after W.W.2 and many cars had charcoal burners in order to keep them operating. With so many youngsters owning horses they had plenty of customers. Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" in Tullamarine had a corn store on the site of Tullamarine Primary School (which transferred there in 1960) and there was another one in
Middle St, Ascot Vale, near Mt Alexander Rd that sold shell grit for chook houses as well.

FIRST SELF-SERVICE? Harry Shell's self-service on the corner of Bell St and York St was the first shop of this type that Jim remembers.

LANDLUBBERS! When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded almost as superhuman beings. Having come from Port Melbourne, they had developed their swimming skills at the beach and hardly any of the other children could swim.

GOAT FARMS were common and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm was bounded by Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rd and Dawson St.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH. The Napier Park Dog Track was on the High School site and the Board Track was near the overpass. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these venues for some free entertainment.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND. An elderly lady lived in a house on an island in the present High School grounds. My book about the creek could not have had a better title than A TRICKLE OR A TORRENT. While normally a (Moonee Moonee) chain of ponds,levels could rise with alarming speed and the island was flood prone. With the community spirit that existed in any pioneering community, locals were concerned for her safety at such times.

The creek was straightened in the 1960's to allow freeway construction and it is likely that the High School's sinking Library was built on one of the channels that had skirted the island. This extract comes from the Strathmore Secondary College website re architect, Simon Thornton's renovations in the mid 1990's.

There have been major obstacles to Strathmores renovations. One significant problem facing any design is the unstable soil found across much of this site. This resulted in part from the re-aligning of the Moonee Ponds Creek which previously meandered across the site and was covered with fill in the 1960s. In order to reinforce buildings, before any construction could begin, large concrete supports had to be driven into the ground. With Simons buildings these supports have extended anywhere from half a metre to 12 metres below the surface.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE. The footbridge near Cook's Cottage was originally a swing bridge. Now as any parent or teacher will tell you little girls like to change their environment by making it prettier but little boys' attempts to mould the environment are more likely to resemble an episode of the mythbusters. A swing bridge can be made to swing like a pendulum or bounce like a trampoline, neither of which are guaranteed to do the bridge much good. The only torrent in this case came from local policeman,Jim Flood, who,as you know, lived not far away in Mascoma St. Riding a bike across the bridge was also a no no, as was riding bikes at night without lights.

TASMA THEATRE. This theatre, in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youth. Because of its construction materials,it was a real fire trap, especially as smoking was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.

KIRK'S BAZAAR. Located between the old Essendon Hotel (De Marco's,the Grand etc)and Woodlands Park over Bulla Rd from the Keilor Rd junction, Kirk's Bazaar had alare building at the front where second-hand goods of every description were sold and behind this were machinery and animals.Kirks relocated to the north side of Keilor Rd, past Matthews Ave in about 1975. The Kirks had traded in horses from Melbourne's early days.

DOD LANE. In MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952, George Lloyd wrote, in reference to Bulla Rd in Essendon:
A very old identity in those days was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry.

Jim McKenzie recalls Dod being a real character and the youth from far and wide rode over Strathmore's open, grassy hillscape with their destination being Dod's place in Dublin Ave.

My search for mentions of Dodd Lane on trove was fruitless. I had a theory that he might be a member of the family of James Lane of "Gowrie Park" in Tullamarine. Therefore, I gave up looking for Dodd Lane, (Essendon, North Essendon, Dublin St etc) and entered Lane,Gowrie Park. I struck gold!

LANE.-Died of wounds on 24th Septem-ber, somewhere in France. Corporal Arthur Ernest. the dearly loved second youngest son of James and Mary Lane. "Gowrie Park." Tullamarine, and much loved brother of Henry (on active service, Jack, Dod, Albert (on active service), Annie and Cora. (After two years' active service abroad.) He gave his life for King and country. One of Australia's best.
(P.2, Essendon Gazette and Keilor,Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter,1-11-1917.)

If I remember correctly, three sons of James and Mary Lane are recorded on Tullamarine's war memorial (moved from the Conders Lane corner,site of Tullamarine S.S.2613, to the Dalkeith Ave corner by W.V.(Major) Murphy.)

Grants Lane which left Bulla Rd in Melway 5D6 ran west to McNabs Rd. Part of the road from Ellis's Corner has been renamed Melrose Drive. Grants Rd was the boundary between the shires of Keilor, and (to the north) Bulla. Unfortunately the most recent Bulla rate book I was able to transcribe was 1914-15. It is known that James Lane still owned Gowrie Park in 1920. "The Essendon Gazette of 2 January 1920 reported that 'Mr James Lane's well-known farm at Tullamarine has been taken over for the purpose of an aerodrome and will suit splendidly for the purpose.'"(P.153, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

Gowrie Park was section 14 of the parish of Tullamarine, bounded on the south by Grants Rd from Melway 5 B6 to 4 G5 (McNabs Rd),its north corner at the corner of Perimeter and South Glide Rds and the east end of the east-west runway just inside its north east corner. If you look west or north at the airport from the terminal building, you are looking at Gladstone Park, which was owned by the Donovans by W.W.2, when planes were parked there at night in case there was a night raid on Essendon Aerodrome. Bill Ellis bought "Ecclesfield" (at the south corner of Grants and Bulla Rds) in 1943 ,if I remember correctly,and later bought the southern, major, part of James Lane's old farm(also known as Gowrie Park) while the Donovan's retained the northern part, historically known as "Gowrie Side".

Between the south east part of Gowrie Park and Bulla Rd was a triangular 80 acre farm that was called Scone (pronounced with a long o) by pig farmer, Allan Payne. This is now occupied by the airport terminal building and Depot Rd etc.

PUBLIC NOTICES HEALTH ACT 1938.-Application for a Noxious Trade Licence.-I hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Bulla Shire Council at its next meeting, to be held on Tuesday. 8th February. 1949, for permission to ESTABLISH a NOXIOUS TRADE, viz., piggery, on premises known as Payne's, corner Bulla road and Grants lane Tullamarine. Dated 6/1/49. (Signed) ALLAN PAYNE.(P.9, Argus,10-1-1949.)

Wilma Hood settled at the corner of Peck Ave and Melissa St in 1958. Beth Tempany had lived on the opposite corner since 1952. Wilma told me of a Dutchman who had built a half house just down Peck Ave. Beth (in 1990) was involved in Scouting and told me the sad tale of how "Lebanon" had been dropped from the local pack's name during the conflict in the country with the same name and, to make matters worse, the Cobb and Co. coach was dropped from the badge.(Lebanon was the name of the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A., from which John Murray Peck came to establish Cobb and Co. with Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees.)

Extract from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA(not a journal.)

This map shows subdivision of 15 by the grantees, crown allotments on 16 and two divisions of section 23 into farms (A.414 ac + Dunns Farm. B. Stevensons + McDougalls).
Anyone wanting these maps etc that can't be pasted here could send me a private message with their email address and I could attach the appropriate pages to an email.

See Bruce Barbours Strathmore web site at

This was bounded by Lincoln Rd (Carnarvon Rd), Woodland St and the Moonee Ponds Creek and ran north to the southern tip of Strathmores home ground, Lebanon Park. Granted to E.J.Brewster, it was soon subdivided and sold. The southern 100 acres was bought in 1845 by Thomas Napier, who called it Rose Mount, renaming it Rosebank later. Napier had been a pioneer of Mulgrave in 1839 as a squatter* and in 1851 received the grant for Niddrie (17B). After he died, his son in law, G.P.Barber, built the Rosebank house near the original dwelling; it stands behind St. Vincents school. The 1900 ratebook of Broadmeadows Shire called the remaining 22 acre property Rose Hill. When his son, Theodore was old enough, Thomas gave him 20 acres and Magdala was built near Lincoln Rd. Just before his death, Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council; strangely the park was in the Shire of Broadmeadows! Magdala was destroyed by fire in 1927.
(* The Melbourne Story P.220.)

While reading Wilbur Smiths Cry Wolf, I came across the probable origin of the name of Theodore Napiers property. Nearly 70 years before 1935, the British general Napier had marched on MAGDALA with less than fifty thousand men, meeting and defeating the entire Ethiopian army on the way, storming the mountain fortress and releasing the British prisoners held there Websters New International Dictionary gives the following details for the entry NAPIER OF MAGDALA: Robert Cornelis Napier, first baron, British general, 1810-1890. Magdala, south west of Lake Tana, is situated at roughly 39 degrees west and 11 degrees north.

John Murray Peck, the co-founder and action man of Cobb and Co., who was probably the first Yank to hold an official position in Aussie Rules (V.P.of Ess. F.C.), built Lebanon in 1882 and the Italianate mansion still stands in Wendora St. Lebanon was his native town near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. About a decade later, his son, Harry, built Hiawatha, where he wrote most of his Memoirs of a Stockman; this house still stands at the top of Kilburn St. Others involved in the history of section 15 were William Smith, who ran the Young Queen Inn across the bridge, William Jones, John Kernan, the Kilburns, Samuel Jackson, and William Salmon who had a farm of about 140 acres on the north side of Rosebank and Magdala. A Grammar School planned to move to section 15 in the 1920s; this explains many of the street names such as Head St.


The map on P.21 of Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History shows the subdivision of section 15 reasonably well, but Andrew Lemon has made several mistakes, one of which is referring to Brewsters grant as being section 5.

His research did not reveal that Brewster bought section 15 in partnership with Philip Holland. Lemon shows a huge area between the land labelled Napier and Holland. This was part of the land conveyed to Holland when they partitioned the unsold portion of the grant. Lemon failed to show Sir John Franklins purchase of the northernmost 12 acres (adjoining section 23, which Franklin also owned).

*This envisaged government road was probably Pascoe Vale Rd, which was a track through paddocks to Sydney at that time; travellers made a beeline to the Young Queen Inn just north of the creek (near Bass St) and then passed through Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) This map calls Pascoe Vale Rd Road to the Young Queen Pascoevale.

Thomas Napier was first to buy land from Brewster, paying 320 pounds for his 100 acres on 30-12-1845. It had a frontage of 105 chains to the future Woodland St and 10 chains to the future Carnarvon Rd. Its northern boundary, running east to the Moonee Moonee Ponds, is precisely indicated by Glenbervie and Upland Rds. Two roads were reserved out of this land, with Brewster and his successors given right of passage over them. I thought the first, running north from a point 35 chains east of the s/w corner of section 15 would be Napier St, but this street is actually 42 ½ chains east, so the road would have run through Napier Park. The second was to run along the north boundary of Napiers purchase from the first road to the creek with Brewsters right of passage to be terminated if a government road* was opened along the western extremity of the second road within 6 or 8 chains (C 933).

On 19-2-1846, Brewster conveyed 236 acres 8 perches to his co- grantee, Philip Holland, who had received half of the proceeds from land previously sold as well as this land, conveyed for 10/-, as an act of Partition. With a western boundary of 2835 links, Hollands land adjoined Napiers and went north to the York/Lloyd St midline (D 20).

On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklins land went 295 links south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).

The E.J.Brewster 1st and 2nd series do not refer to a memorial concerning the land extending the next 8 chains (roughly) south to Peck Ave. If Andrew Lemon was right, it was purchased by William Smith.

(Luckily Doutta Galla microfiche 85 gave the title application number 13 676. The Sketch of Title under this number contained the following information. The blocks western boundary started 295 links south from the north west corner of section 15 (see frontage of Sir John Franklins purchase) and went another 709 1/4 links further south. Its northern and southern boundaries went east 41 chains and 5425 links respectively to the Moonee Moonee Ponds. On 4-2-1848, the same day that McCord, Jackson, Dunn and Callaghan bought their blocks to the south, Brewster sold this block to William Smith, a farmer of Glenroy.

The memorial recording this conveyance (G 460) was not listed in the Brewer index so luckily it appeared in this document. It revealed that William Smith paid L114/0/6. William Smith finally sold it to William Henry Fletcher, yoeman of Yan Yean, on 1-2-1872. The memorial listed for this conveyance (217 310) was consulted. The description of the land was perfectly copied from G 460, which failed to specify the blocks area. Fletcher paid 940 pounds, 8.25 times the price Smith had paid 24 years earlier.)

These men bought the land between William Smiths purchase and the area partitioned to Philip Holland.
They bought their land on the same day as Smith (4-2-1848) and luckily, their purchases were recorded in the E.J.Brewster index.

James McCords 35 acres went 658 links south to a line indicated by the end of Roslyn St and cost him L110/5/- (F 81).

Samuel Jacksons 22 acres 3 roods 9 ¼ perches went south from there 383 ¼ links to the e-w part of Loch Cres.and cost L71/15/- (F 80).

Thomas Dunns 62 acres and ¼ perch (2.5 m x 2.5 m) went south 1041 ¼ links to the northern boundary of Johnston Reserve and cost him L195/6/- (F 242).

Henry Callaghan bought 67 acres 2 roods and 37 ¼ perches extending south to the York/Lloyd St midline, where it adjoined the land partitioned to Holland, for L237/1/- (F 167).

Further information about the ownership of these blocks and some of the pioneers. Sketch of title 16466 reveals that Brewster subdivided his post-partition land into four blocks, each having a western boundary of 1041 ¼ links. However lot 4 was sold in two parts (Franklin and Smith) as was lot 3 (McCord and Jackson.) Franklin and Smiths blocks had a combined western boundary of only 1004 ¼ links, which necessitated a special survey in sketch of title 16466.

FRANKLINS 12 ACRES. This obviously became, with William Smiths purchase, part of John Murray Pecks Lebanon. The total of the two, which comprised lot 4 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision, was about the 34 acres that Lebanons owners were assessed on over the years. Neither the 1st nor 2nd series index for Sir John Franklin mentions any sale of his 12 acres. I checked the index for Archibald McLachlan and Frederick Armand Powlett, who acted as his agents at various times. I checked the index for Dame Jane Franklin. There was no mention of this part of section 15, Doutta Galla! In desperation, I returned to the ground floor and consulted Doutta Galla microfiche 85 again.

There I saw 46645s and was partly rewarded when I raced up to the 6th floor to try application 46645. The search certificate referred to Sir Johns purchase of the northern 295 links of section 15 but there was no sketch of title. The search certificate referred to the land being fenced in 1882. This was probably done by John Murray Peck, who had bought William Smiths original purchase and established Lebanon. I think Peck noticed that nobody used the land between his 22? acres and section 23, so he just started using it as if he owned it. Broadmeadows Shire was receiving rates on his whole 34 acres so there would have been no question of his right to use Franklins land. Indeed, in 1879-80, Hugh Peck may have been occupying Franklin and Smiths purchases when he was assessed on 34 acres; names were listed alphabetically and Pecks name appears where the name of W.H.Fletcher would be expected to be. J.M. Peck died on 19-11-1903 and he does not seem to have been listed in Broadmeadows 1899-1900 rate book. It was probably at this time that the Pecks realised that their lack of title to the 12 acre block would be discovered. Did they just abandon it?

In 1879, John Morgan English, had bought Belle Vue ( renamed Oak Park and separated from Franklins land only by the creek and Lebanon Reserve) after the death of Fawkners widow, Eliza, and converted Fawkners single storey weatherboard house into the double storey mansion still standing at the top of Oak Park Court. He leased out the farm to his relatives, the Morgans and Mrs Morgans mother, Mary Knight but was still involved in the area, purchasing the 200 acre eastern part of section 23, which adjoined Franklins 12 acres. He seems to have done the same as I suspect Peck did earlier and, in 1902, just squatted on the land and paid the rates. In 1926, J.M.English applied for the title to Franklins land.. (Application 46645, Broadmeadows Rates.)

In 1920-1, Louisa Ellen, the widow of J.M.Peck had 38 acres, which probably consisted of lot 4 (Franklin and Smiths purchases from Brewster) plus about 4 acres of subdivision lots in the Byron Vale Estate or another estate nearby.

Why didnt Franklin sell the 12 acres when the section 23 land was sold? My guess is that he and his heirs (and the titles office) forgot that this land was on a separate title to the St Johns Estate. If hed left his land to his wife, Dame Jane Franklin, she might have been aware that the 12 acres existed. However he seems to have punished Jane for not bearing him a son. He left her only her clothes and gave the rest of his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This daughter had probably never been to Australia.

The confusion seems to have set in when a man named Dunn leased a 123 acre farm from Sir John. He was followed by Elizabeth Guest prior to 1862 but the 123 acre farm was still called Dunns Farm. As explained in bold type under section 23, Dunns Farm must have included the 12 acres (adjoining section 23) at the northern end of section 15. This lessee could have been Thomas Dunn of section 15 or Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint in Tullamarine.

When the 123 acre Dunns Farm was leased to Henry Mawbey for 5 years on 17-2-1862, it was wrongly described as being entirely in section 23. Significantly no boundaries of the farm were described in the memorial! (121 455).

I had intended to include a copy of Sketch of Title 46645 but the clerks scribble is so illegible that readers would not be able to make head or tail of it. Heres what it says.

46645. John M.English.

Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.

1080 pounds.

Claim by possession.

L.R.O. Sir John Franklin

(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.

John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application

(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)

(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of 200 acres Doutta Galla owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kellys former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.

His application states (inter alia)

That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed

That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923

He occupies under Co lease-

That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:

All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.

Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.

19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck

456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A

(Of course the future author of Memoirs of a Stockman should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)

He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.

Andrew Lemon states that, in 1874, William Jones bought William Smiths properties, about 21 acres on the north of the creek and a similar area on the south. (P.75.) The 1879-80 Broadmeadows rate book lists William Jones as the owner and occupier of 20 acres at Pascoe Vale, but as this was in the Campbellfield riding it would have been north of the bridge. This was probably the land he bought from Mr Heron in about 1865, and on which he was harvesting 2 tons of hay per acre in 1888 (Victoria & Its Metropolis P.704). The rate collector made no mention of Jones having about 20 acres south of the creek, unless my transcription was faulty.

The owners of Smiths purchase.
William Smith (not the man associated with Flemington and Moonee Ponds, P.697 Vic. & Its Metrop.) bought the Young Queen Inn from John Watson in December 1842. The inn, being on the most popular of the three routes to Sydney until the Broadmeadows Township bridge was built in 1854(Lemon P.17.) This was on lot 3 of Pascoeville, consisting of 1 acre 2 roods and 5 perches, on the s/w side of the government (Pascoe Vale) road. Lot 4 was s/e of it, probably fronting the creek and lot 2 was n/w of it. The south west boundary was a lane leading from Sparke St to the Moonee Moonee Ponds (Sydney 1523). This memorial, detailing the sale of lot 3 by the hotels builder, Edward Butler, to Watson on 29 and 31 May 1841, unfortunately gives no measurements but I think Sparke St would have been near Marks St if all blocks were about 1 ½ acres. Fate might have decreed that Smith would never purchase his block from Brewster in 1848. He was charged with the manslaughter of his servant, Joseph Plant, in 1847 but he was acquitted. (Between Two Creeks Richard Broome.)

William Henry Fletcher.
It is unknown whether this was the same man after whom Fletcher St in Essendon was named. The latter was granted land including the Target store at Highpoint (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility), 260 acres between Maribyrnong-Ormond Rd and a line indicated by Gladstone St- stretching from Scotia St to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and south of this the 320 acre triangle bounded by Epsom and Ascot Vale Rds. Surely he would describe himself as a gentleman rather than a yoeman.

John Murray Peck.
Arriving in 1854, at the age of 21, with three other young Yanks (Freeman Cobb etc.), Peck was the action man who could drive huge teams of horses on the Cobb & Co line that soon opened to Castlemaine. His powerful voice and commanding presence later established him as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle. Before moving to section 15, Peck lived at Mascoma in Ascot Vale. (See volume 2.) His family pioneered the area in New Hampshire, U.S.A. near the Mascoma River where the town of Lebanon sprang up. Peck, his London-born wife and their son, Harry Huntinton Peck were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery.

In the Essendon Conservation Study (Call No. 720.288099 BUT), Graeme Butler confirms some of the title information I have supplied, apart from calling William Smith John. In his entry for Lebanon, Butler states that Smith lost the property surrounding the house to William Fletcher via a series of mortgages in 1872. Fletcher converted the title to Torrens in 1881 and J,M.Peck bought 40 acres soon afterwards*.

John Murray Peck built Lebanon (still standing in Wendora St ) in about 1882.

*As Lebanon consisted of 34 acres, it must have included Sir John Franklins 12 acres between Smiths land and section 23. The Broadmeadows rate book did not state that Peck was leasing the 12 acres so I can only assume that the co-founder of Cobb and Co had just squatted on it and paid the rates, as J.M.English did from 1902. (See details under Franklins 12 Acres.)

This land includes the Red Rooster site, where stood the illegally demolished Cooks Homestead. This name was bestowed on the house by Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930s, such as the late Jim McKenzie and his future wife Peggy, because it was owned by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary Albert Cook. (See Kilts and Cow Dung Flats.) Its name was actually Wanganui, and it was said to have been built by J.M.Peck of Lebanon. (Sam Merrifields House Names Index P.37.) Peggy McKenzie told me that a Miss Roberts owned the Wanganui land (south to the garage site); she was probably related to J.M.Peck, whose wife, born in Bond St, London on 6-6-1840, was Louisa Ellen Roberts. (Gravestone, Will Will Rook cemetery.)

McCord mortgaged this to Thomas Clark for 70 pounds on 1-5-1849 (G 437), and to Charles Payne for 100 pounds on 28-6-1850 (1 997). On 20-4-1853, a memorial entitled releases to uses recorded that Thomas Dunn paid McCord L5450 (X 221). This obviously gave ownership to Dunn, who mortgaged the 35 acres to McCord for 2000 pounds on 17-4-1853, three days before the releases to uses was memorialised (Y922).

On 15-5-1854, the 2000 pounds having been repaid, the 35 acre lot was reconveyed to Thomas Dunn

(12 17). Dunn now owned his original purchase of 62 1/640 acres plus McCords 35 acres and five days later, on 20-5 1854, he mortgaged both to Thomas Clark for 2200 pounds (12 20).

Dunn lost both properties to Clark, who sold the part of McCords portion of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson on 18-3-1857. A quarter of a century later, on 8-9-1882. William Lynch signed a contract with Jacksons agent to buy 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches for 1500 pounds. As McCord and Jacksons original purchases total 57 acres 3 roods and 9 1/4 perches, Lynch probably bought only the part of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd. (Sketch of title 16466).

On 4-6-1856, Thomas Clark conveyed that part of McCords original purchase east of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson. John Kernan, who started leasing Merai Farm (between Gaffney St and Devon Rd) from H.G.Ashurst during that year, had obviously contracted earlier to buy from Clark. Kernan directed, as an intermediate buyer, that the land be conveyed to Jackson. This land had a frontage of 625 links to the private road* and the average of the north and south boundaries was 550 links. This equates to 3.4 acres so it is probably the 3 acres 1 rood and 5 perches that Samuel Jacksons agent contracted to sell to Elizabeth Cochran (sic) for 600 pounds. This agreement was dated 23-5-1882. The land is recorded only as being in Doutta Galla and the unfortunate clerk compiling the sketch of title wrote, Where is this?

Elizabeth Cochrane (the spelling used on the search certificate) had become the wife of Edward Egbert Welby by the time she applied for the title, which was issued on 2-5-1884. (Application 16359.) She was probably the widow of John Cochrane, who had leased Glenroy Farm (between Rhodes Pde and Hilton St) from the Kennedys from 1853 until 1874, when it was sold to William McCulloch.
(The Stopover That Stayed G.Aldous, Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History A.Lemon.)

In the Essendon Conservation Study, Graeme Butler states that this land was subdivided as the Byron Vale Estate, declared by A.W.Craven in 1886. Because of the 1890s depression, this subdivision fizzled, like so many others.

In 1920-1, Harry Peck of Hiawatha (top of Kilburn St) owned 5 acres on which his house stood (probably the whole south side of Kilburn St), 20 acres adjoining Lebanon (Jacksons purchase from Brewer?) and, with his brother Richard, 18 acres at the Carnarvon Rd end of this estate. As George Gibson had 5 acres and Ralph Lind a house and land (possibly 5 or 7 acres), the 20 acres had to be Jacksons purchase.
(* The private road was Pascoe Vale Rd, which despite being the main route to Sydney in early days and retaining the name of Old Sydney Rd for many decades, had never been declared a government road. It looks as if Brewsters expectations of 1845 were never realised. See Napiers purchase details.)

In Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History, Andrew Lemon states that William Lynch paid Samuel Jackson L1500 for 51 acres close to Pascoe Vale station on the Strathmore side, in 1882. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that Joseph Nixon had just replaced Samuel Jackson as the occupant of 40 acres in Doutta Galla and Jackson himself was assessed on houses and 15 acres in Doutta Galla.

The entry for Mrs Ellen Jackson on P.704 of Victoria and Its Metropolis shows that in 1888 Sams widow was living on 18 ½ acres at Essendon. A gardener, Sam followed this trade for a while after his arrival before taking to farming on 52 acres of purchased land. The 52 acres (actually 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches) seems to have been that part of McCord and Jacksons original purchases west of Pascoe Vale Rd. The details of Samuel Jacksons acquisition of the northern 658 links of lot 3 and his conveyances to Lynch and Mrs Cochrane in 1882 are given under the previous heading.

DUNNS 62 ACRES AND ¼ PERCH (2 ½ M X 2 ½ M).
Apparently from 20-4-1853, Dunn also owned McCords 35 acres and the last mention in the 1st series index was of Dunn mortgaging both to Thomas Clark as mentioned above. This land was lot 2 of Brewsters post partition subdivision and was to pass into the hands of Clark, Michael Brown (11-3-1856) and John Kent Pow (22-7- 1863). Pow mortgaged it to his northern neighbour, Samuel Jackson on 22-2-1865 and it was reconveyed to him on 24-7-1868. On 8-10-1870, Pow sold it to Douglas Thomas Kilburn of Essendon for 1200 pounds. Kilburn, the grantee of much of Hugh Glasss Flemington Estate and the 163 ¾ acres across Keilor Rd from Springfield had recently bought 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and named it Fairfield. D.T.Kilburn died on 10-3-1871. His will of 19-11-1870 appointed his wife, Anna Maria, and Edmund Augustus Cartwright as executors. The title was issued to Anna Maria Kilburn on 4-4-1887. (Application 21915.) Andrew Lemon gives the impression (P.77) that Buzzards sold lot 2 in 1886, but surely the title would have to be issued first! Despite this discrepancy, Lemon gives a good description of the property, which consisted of 56 acres west of Pascoe Vale Rd and 6 acres on the creek side of the road. The sand was probably being extracted from the creek by Michael Fox, who continued to do so for many decades (as described in George Lloyds Mickleham Rd: 1920-52), despite his acquisition of 18 C and D, Doutta Galla and Barbiston at Tullamarine.

Like Byron Vale, this subdivision fizzled. In 1920-1, subdivision was being tried again, obviously by Mrs Emily Lind and Ralph Lind. The Pascoe Vale Estate had frontages to Lind St, Vernon St, Hood St (demolished for the freeway C 1967) and Lincoln St (Carnarvon Rd).

Callaghans land was lot 1 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision. All four lots had 1041 ¼ link western boundaries, the difference in their areas being caused by the course of the Moonee Ponds.

The 1st series index for Callaghan mentions two memorials which I presume are mortgages.

4 388. Thomas Napier paid 1000 pounds to Callaghan on 28-11-1853.

69 901. Mary McLachlin paid 700 pounds to Callaghan on 9-10-1858.

Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 shows that Patrick Callaghan was owner and occupier of a house and land (nett annual value L22) and was leasing a basic house to Bridget Murphy. Lawrence McLachlan (Marys son?) was leasing a farm (N.A.V. L46) from John Kernan.

The 1920-1 ratebook reveals that the Callaghan family was still involved in the area. Mrs M and Frank Callaghan were named in connection with the Sunrise Estate (between the Essendon Hill and Terminus estates).

Sketch of Title 370 reveals that the property was also mortgaged to Thomas Napier (4 388, reconveyed 50 845). The mortgage to Mary McLachlan was transferred to John Badcock and John Guthrie (111 275), with the property then being reconveyed to Patrick Callaghan on 11-7-1863 (137 387). Three days later Patrick Callaghan conveyed the land to John Kernan (130 388)*. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that James G.Brisbane was leasing 320 acres in Doutta Galla from John Kernan. Andrew Lemons map shows that Callaghan and Hollands purchases were later owned by John Kernan; their total area is 303 ¾ acres so only 16 acres of this leased land need to be accounted for.

(* On 9-4-1864 John Kernan bought 6 acres 3 roods 3 perches in Doutta Galla and part of section 142 Jika Jika from the Callaghans (138 94). Patrick Callaghan was Henrys son and heir. The Jika Jika land was part of the Bolingbroke Estate across the creek from the Callaghan/ Holland purchases. This explains why Kernan St and Kernan Ave are only 840 metres from each other.)

On 11-8-1846, Holland leased this land to R.MacNamara and Duncan Cameron for 100 pounds paid before sealing and a rent of 70 pounds p.a. (D 376).

On 5-4-1852 Holland sold the land to James William Dunbar for 608 pounds. As Mary MacNamara and Duncan Cameron were named as the parties of the second part, I presume they were still leasing the land(P 635).

The MacNamara name was associated with the area for a long time and a street name in Airport West recalls this. The Camerons were early lessees on Glenroy (sections 6 and 1 Will Will Rook, 2313 acres), which they were said to have named. The Dunbar name was associated with the Moonee Ponds (Deans) and Flemington Hotels.

Edward James Kernans application for title (21650) indicates that I may have misread Dunbars purchase. The lease of 11-8-1846 had included the option for Robert McNamara and Duncan Cameron to purchase the 236 and a bit acres. On 11-12-1852, this option was exercised despite Robert McNamara having died. The land was partitioned with the McNamaras taking the northern 1285 links and the Camerons the southern 1550 links. The boundary between the two is the Kernan St/ Henshall Rd midline and explains the bends in Bournian and Collegian Avenues. The McNamara land was conveyed by Robert McNamaras widow, Mary, to her sons Matthew and Joseph on 27-4-1853. Mary McNamara was about to marry John Kernan. The McNamara land , north to the York/ Lloyd St midline (which explains the other bends in those two streets) was lost to the Bank of New South Wales, which sold it to John Kernan on 3-9-1875.

The Cameron land, south to Glenbervie/Upland Rd, passed into the hands of Thomas Knight Bennett, who sold it to John Kernan on 20-9-1873 for 2634 pounds. Kernan mortgaged it to Josh Henry Kay who died. John Kernan also died, on 6-1-1877. He left no will but on 29-3-1877, probate was granted to his widow Mary and John Kernan (junior). On 22-6-1877, Kays executors reconveyed the land to John Kernans executors. The land was mortgaged to John Kernans great mate, Michael Loeman of Bulla, on 17-2-1880 and despite the mortgage apparently not being paid off, Loeman agreed to Edward James Kernans application to apply the certificate (of title) to himself.

Three interesting details found in sketch of title 21650 are:

(a)Edward James, Mary Jane, Mary and John Jun. were the only Next of Kin of John Kernan.

(b)Pascoe Vale Rd was called Road to the Young Queen, Pascoevale.

(c)This could be a mistake but Bulla Rd might have originally branched off Napier St and is shown meeting the future Mawbey Rd / Lincoln St/ Carnarvon Rd near Alf Pearce Park. It was called Road from the Springs to Melbourne. This could be correct as even in Tullamarine the Old Mt Macedon Rd did not follow the present course of Melrose Drive; in 1844 it was west of Barrie Rd on section 21, Doutta Galla, where William and John Foster established The Springs.

This is the map shown on sketch of title 21650.

NAPIERS 100 ACRES. (Without repeating too much of information already on Bruces web site.)
Thomas Napier called his farm Rose Mount in 1847 but the mount or Napiers perception of its height shrank so that the name was adapted to Rosebank. Thomas gave the western end of the farm to his son, Theodore, who named this portion Magdala. At the time of Thomass death in 1881, Magdala consisted of 20 acres (east only to a point opposite Salmon Ave) and did not include Napier Park, which he donated on 20-8-1920. In 1900, Magdala was still only 20 acres and was being leased by John Scott. In 1920-1, obviously after the donation had been deducted, Magdala consisted of 33 acres extending east to Noble Ave, and was occupied by Theodore. Before the donation, Magdala would have comprised 43 acres.

Thomas Napiers widow remained in the stone and brick house (apparently just west of the later mansion) on 23 acres until the property passed to her daughter Eleanor in about 1891. During the next two years Eleanores husband, George Page Barber, built the house at the n/w corner of St Vincents. The 1899-1900 rate book of Broadmeadows Shire assessed the nett annual value of the house at 200 pounds, ten or 20 times as much as most houses. Eleanore Barbers Rosehill, 22 acres surrounding the house, had a N.A.V. of only 50 pounds; it would be far more valuable than the well-kept mansion today.

Barber died on 26-3-1914 and Eleanore two days later. Their son, Dr Norman Charles Barber subdivided the property as the Rosebank estate.
(Essendon Conservation Study, 1847 directory, rates, Annals of Essendon R.W.Chalmers.)

In 1879-80, Thomas Napier was listed as the occupier of 80 acres. Ten acres of this, immediately across the Moonee Ponds Creek from La Rose, seems to have been traditionally leased by the occupants of that 270 acre farm. On 13-10-1873, Thomas Napier agreed to lease this land to William McCulloch from 1-8-1873 for three years at a rent of 10 pounds p.a. The land had been previously occupied by James Robertson, owner of La Rose, who had leased his farm to McCulloch. It is unlikely that McCulloch of riverboat fame saw out the lease as he bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedys widow in the next year or so.(Search 8066E, McCracken letters). Because the part of Rosebank between the railway and creek is split among four Melway maps it is difficult to calculate its area. However, using the south and north boundaries of 10 and 29 chains (obtained by deduction from dimensions in memorials), I have reckoned it as 4.5 + 10 + 4.5 acres.

In 1920-1, Mrs A.Walker was leasing 20 acres, on the creek and on the north side of Woodlands St, from Willy, close enough to my calculated 19 acres. Apart from the Rosebank estate, also listed in Woodland St were: Harry Hudson, house and land and Michael J.White 22 acres* and a house and 15/2? acres. Magdala was 33 acres, the park 10 acres, Mrs Walker had 20 acres, White had 22 acres and the last confused entry should be 15 acres; these add up exactly to the 100 acres purchased from Brewer 75 years earlier.
(* The same land Eleanore Barber had in 1900.White was either leasing the land or an agent for Barber.)

The first map, part of the 1860 Geological Survey, shows different allotment boundaries to those existing when section 16 was alienated in 1862 (n/e of Bulla Rd)and 1865.

This was the old Town Common. It was surrounded by Treadwell Rd, the latitude of English St (Mawbeys Lane), Mawbey Rd ( later called Lincoln Rd or St, now Carnarvon Rd) and Keilor Rd. Mawbey Rd, shown on the eastern boundary of section 15 in sketch of title 16466 of about 1882 and still known by that name in 1942 according to Harry Peck, ran along the eastern boundary to St Johns where John Mawby was leasing land from Lady Franklin in 1863. Search Certificate 11578 of 1890 shows that Mawbeys Lane ran between section 16 and section 23 to the north. (See section 23.)

These maps, from the sources specified above, show Mawbeys Rd and Mawbeys Lane.

The portion of section 16 east of Bulla Rd., in the Broadmeadows Road District, was sold in 1862 with W.Williams buying 8 of the 13 blocks of roughly 20 acres. His land occupied most of the area (between the N-S runway and Carnarvon-Arvon Rds) north of the freeway and south of the latitude of English St, which is the northern boundary of section 16.

Lot 13 (of 14 ½ acres) bounded by Bulla Rd., Woodland St. and the eastern section boundary, Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.), went north far enough to include the Cranwell Ave. houseblocks. In 1863, Townsend Somerville, was leasing it from the grantee, R.Chance, and in 1879-80, Sommerville was rated on land with the same value as Theodore Napiers nearby 20 acre Magdala. House Names of Essendon calls Berrena, the home in 1882 of Essendons Clerk of Courts and Electoral Registrar but this might have been the name of a building in which his office was located. Commenting on Somervilles death, the Essendon Gazette of 10-9-1891 stated that hed lived on his Essendon property Summerhill for 40 years. Why was his name so seldom listed in directories for Essendon and never for Moonee Ponds (except as follows) and Ascot Vale? It is known that he spent the last two years of his life at present No. 26 Ardmillan Rd., Moonee Ponds, probably to be near a doctor. The 1888 directory for Essendon has him listed under Deep Creek Road as follows:

Mt.Alexander Rd. John Bruce (west side), Keating brick yard, Lincoln Rd., W.T.Kendall vet. Surgeon, Robert Spivey, Townsend Somerville.

There is fair evidence that lot 13 was Summerhill. It is likely that, in 1920-1, the house and 14 acre property was owned by Edward Wood. He was possibly a son of Mary Wood who had owned the nearby Essendon Hotel* for over half a century when she died on 26-4-1906. (* the Grand presently, formerly De Marcos.) For Somerville to have lived on lot 13 since 1851, he would have had to have leased the land from a squatter such as John Foster before the town common was declared and then been allowed to continue his occupancy by Chance from 22-7-1862. Certainly this location was handy to Keilor where he, as Clerk, and Charles Shuter, as Police Magistrate, conducted the Court of Petty Sessions every Tuesday in 1868. The courthouse later became the Shire Hall.

Incidentally the bends in the streets either side of Bulla Rd. (at Kerferd St. to the west and in the middle of Dublin Ave. etc.) were caused by a diamond shape in the subdivision plan, the northern half of it covered now by the airport.

Broadmeadows Road Board/Shire extended south to Woodland St on the eastern side of Bulla Rd (until 1979). By 1863, it seems that the Franklins had bought land in section 16. As Young and Morby (sic) were wholly occupying section 23, the farm (N.A.V. 90 pounds) that James Smith was leasing from Lady Franklin had to be in section 16. Williams still had land (N.A.V. 72 pounds and leased to Alex. Kearney), J.T.Smith had the 19 ½ acres between the walking track and Carnarvon Rd, and Sommerville was leasing quite some house (N.A.V. 27 pounds) on the 14 ½ acres (now bisected by Wood St) owned by R.Chance.

In 1880, Thomas Kelly had land (N.A.V. 134 pounds) in the Essendon Division. This was not the eastern part of section 23 because Robert McDougall was occupying that 200 acres (which Kelly had leased from 1871 and bought in 1875) so it had to be on section 16. Sommerville had bought Chances grant, which now had a N.A.V. of 50 pounds.

By 1900, Henry Carr had bought 44 acres on Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd. Michael Fox, a contractor of Keilor, had a small block on Essendon Hill, where he probably kept the horses and drays used to carry the sand he obtained from the Moonee Ponds Creek. Martin Delaney, also a contractor, was leasing 20 acres (lot 10, i.e.Alf Pearce Park) from J.Lyons. Jane Anderson and dairyman, Alfred Smith, also had small blocks. The rate collector only seems to account for about 70 of the 230 or so acres in the Broadmeadows portion of section 16.

The 1920 rates show that John S.Kelly (of Blair & Sons, Melb.) had 199 acres, Edward Wood the 14 acres bisected by Wood St and Thomas Lyons the 20 acres including A.Pearce Park. This rate collector, with the aid of geographical instead of alphabetical listings, was able to account for all of section 16 within the shire.

The confusion in 1900 might have been caused by subdivision. First Avenue, on lots 10 and 9 (both granted to Williams), was declared a Public Highway on 27-5-1887. Second Ave, obliterated by the freeway, was obviously part of the same subdivision. Due to the 1890s depression, the subdivision probably failed and much of the land would have been vacant.

The western part of section 16, under Keilor road board/ shire from 1863, seems to have been subdivided twice. The 1860 survey map (see start of section 16) shows it divided into lots 1-9 and 20 south of a road leaving Bulla Rd opposite Woodland St and running (parallel to Keilor Rd) almost to Treadwell Rd. It met another road running from the Keilor/ Treadwell Rd corner to the corner of English and Bulla (Wirraway) Rds, which separated lot 23 (adjoining 17B or Niddrie) and lot 22 which contained road metal quarries. Lot 25 takes in the area of Royal Ave and lot 24 the Orange Grove area. I presume lots 10-19 etc were to be on the east (Broad-meadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd. The Keilor Shire part of section 16 may have been sold three years later than the eastern half because the quarries on lot 22 were still required. (Perhaps until the quarry on William Dewars Glendewar at Tullamarine could supply enough Dewars metal to use on Bulla Rd. as the Keilor Roads Board had requested on 24-8-1867.)

Again in blocks of about 20 acres, continuing the diamond inside a quadrilateral pattern, and with Treadwell (Nomad) Rd. as its western boundary, the Keilor portion was sold to five men in 1865*. South of the freeway course, fiery and recently deposed Essendon councillor, B.J.Cooke bought the blocks fronting Keilor Rd. to about Birdwood Ave. and Dr. J.Harbinson, from Northern Ireland bought all the blocks on the northern side of Kerferd St and fronting Bulla Rd. Much of Cookes land became the Devonshire estate where streets were named after Premiers. The next few streets west were probably named just after the Prince of Wales visit in 1920. Officers of his ship, the Renown, planted pine trees along the river near Aberfeldie Park. Field Marshall Birdwood commanded Australian troops early in W.W.1. The land between Bulla Rd and Kerferd Rd was sold as the Royal Gardens Estate.

The land north of the freeway was bought by D.Mairs (see journals re Blackwood and Bittern) , T.G.Anderson, and Samuel Mansfield from Tullamarine. Mansfield farmed there for many decades. Sam had blocks between Birdwood Ave. and Treadwell Rd. as well, with the farmhouse near the s.w. corner of the airport. Mairs received the grants for about 73 acres between the intersection of the two runways and (almost) Vaughan St. By 1900, Walter Aitken was leasing (possibly from John English) a total of 113 acres. This land consisted of lots 29 and 32 (north of where eastbound Calder Freeway traffic tries to merge, granted to Anderson) and 31, 33-36 (Mairs grant). C.Aitken had been farming the same 113 acres in 1893.

The western 17 chains or 340 metres of the airport are part of Niddrie. (See 17B.)

This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St.John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres and in 1863 leased three farms to men such as John Morby*. Later Henry Stevenson of Niddrie bought 300 acres called St. Johns and Robert McDougall of Arundel had 200 acres to the east. John Hall was supposed to have owned part of section 23 north of an easterly extension of Moore St as part of South Wait according to a parish map but this could not be possible. Early this century, when Gordon Connor was being taken from Moonee Ponds to his Grandma Nashs Tullamarine farm every Christmas, Cam Taylors St. Johns was always green in summer because of Essendons nightsoil being dumped there. Jack Howse had South Wait, between Bulla Rd and the n/w part of section 23, on which he had a slaughteryard. On 3-8-1921, John George Taylor, probably Cams father, sold 91 acres of St. Johns to the Commonwealth Government. A 15 acre lot on section 16 was also purchased to enable sufficient length for the runway and eight days later St. Johns Field opened. On 7-8-1923, it was given the official title of Essendon Aerodrome. Cameron and J.G.Taylor might have been related to G.W.Taylor, who bought many properties in the late 1880s north of section 23, in the hope that a railway to Bulla would follow Bulla Rd; in case it hugged the west bank of the Saltwater River, he also bought section 18 land.

(* This spelling was used in Broadmeadows 1863 ratebook. Harry Peck spells it Mawby. The 1866 and 1871 Kensington directories, and title documents, spell the name Mawbey. Mawbey or Mawbeys Rd was an early name for Carnarvon Rd and was still being used in 1940 according to Harry Peck. Mawbeys Rd is shown on sketch of title 16466 of about 1882.) Mawbeys Lane separated sections 16 and 23.

Section 23 is east of Vickers Ave and north of English St with its s/e corner indicated by Lebanon Reserve. It was granted to Major George Frederick Berkley St John on 22-2-1843 and the part east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. St Johns corruption, as a police Magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, was exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner, his neighbour north east of the creek. According to C.P.Billot in The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner, St John sued Fawkner for libel in 1848 and won the case. However the costs awarded against Fawkner amounted to peanuts and embarrassment caused St John to resign his position.

Incidentally Billot manages to spell Berkeley a bit better than the titles office clerk responsible for search certificate 11578.

Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).

On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to Nursery Corner. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunns Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunns farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.

Running from the present Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, this section 15 land ran 295 links south from the Lebanon/Amar St corner to the Lebanon/ Melissa St corner. Franklin bought it from E.J.Brewster on 15-2-1847 for 48 pounds. Because the block was always referred to as part of section 23, there is no sketch of title in J.M.Englishs application for title No.46645. When Franklin died he gave Dame Jane, who had borne him no children, only her clothes and left his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This 12 acre block was fenced in 1882, possibly by John Murray Peck, but was never sold by Franklin. English claimed title through long occupation.

On 16-2-1863, Thomas Henry Lawson Young agreed to lease 419 ¼ acres at 294 ¾ pounds p.a. Young obviously did not see out the lease as on 1-6-1871 Henry Mawby bought 525 acres from Dame Jane Franklin. Earlier on 28-2-1871, Mawbey had memorialised a lease in duplicate in which Thomas Kelly agreed to pay him 200 pounds p.a. for 5 years for 200 acres (poorly described but probably the land later occupied by Robert McDougall.)

On 28-6-1871, Mawbey mortgaged section 23 to Bishop Charles Perry for 2500 pounds. By 9-10-1873, Mawbey was forced to mortgage it (now 521 acres) to Tondeur and Lempriere. He was now a meat preserver at Warrnambool and Mawbey, Collins & Co. owed money to the Melbourne merchants. Mawbey conveyed the 525 acres to Lempriere for 5645 pounds on 23-7-1874 and on 23-1-1875 his mortgage was cleared. On 23-2-1875, William George Lempriere leased 310 acres 23 perches (St Johns Farm) to Thomas Kelly and mortgaged this farm and the triangular 26 acre 1 rood 20 perches (the s/w corner of section 23 on the other side of Bulla Rd) to Joseph Henry Kay for 4000 pounds. On the same day, Thomas Kelly surrendered the lease on 200 acres (from Henry Mawby) that was memorialised on 21-2-1871. The lease had been intended to run for another year. Vol. 246 folio 901 memorialises a conveyance in fee of the next day in which Thomas Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 ½ acres of section 23. On the next day (25th), Kelly mortgaged this 206 ½ acre twice to Lempriere and his partner, Andrew Murray of Wool Wool (near Larpent) for 3500 pounds (V.246 f.902) and 1074 pounds 18 shillings (V.246 f.903).

Henry Stevenson paid Lempriere L7066/17/- on 23-3-1877 for St Johns Farm (310 acres) and the 26 and a bit acres at the s/w corner of section 23. By 1920 Cam Taylor was farming St Johns whose grass was green in the driest summer because of Essendons nightsoil. J.G.Taylor sold part of the farm to the government for Essendon Aerodrome not long after.

Lemprieres sale of the eastern 206 ½ acres to Kelly seems to have been short-lived as, on 20-8-1880, Lempriere transferred the mortgage on this farm to John Ware from whom he received 3500 pounds.

Although no memorial has been found, Lempriere, or perhaps Kelly, seems to have sold or leased this land shortly afterwards to Robert McDougall who was assessed on 200 acres, Doutta Galla in 1879-80.

Broadmeadows rates of 1899-1900 show that it was owned by the Hodgson executors and had been farmed, along with Oak Park, by Robert Bryant and then Alexander Robertson who had just replaced him. (A parish map of about 1890 shows that Hodgson had 225 acres and Stevensons St Johns was now only 300 acres. It wrongly had the north western 1/3 of section 23 labelled John Hall; Stevenson and Hodgsons land totalled 525 acres, exactly the acreage of the part of section 23 n/e of Bulla Rd, so Hall couldnt have had any of it. His land consisted only of 22 B and D.)

My parish map shows section 23 as 515 acres 3 roods and 29 perches. The number of acres given seems to have resulted from a draughtsman transposing the tens and units figures. Memorials consistently show that the part of section 23 east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. When the 26 acre triangle, now bounded by Nomad Rd, Wirraway Rd and the English/ Vaughan St midline, is added, the total area of section 23 is 551 acres.

The 1920-1 ratebook lists John S.Kelly as renting two houses and a total of 199 acres from Blair and Sons. Kelly could have been a descendant of Thomas Kelly who, after leasing and then buying land in section 23, was recorded in 1879-80 as the owner of land in the Essendon Division (i.e. section 16). J.S.Kellys land was in the north-east half of section 16.


John Murray Peck came from the town of Lebanon, near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. With Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees he set up the famous Cobb and Co. coachline to Mt. Alexander in 1854; Cobb was the man in the office while Peck, with his daring and commanding voice, took charge of huge teams of horses on their hair-raising trips along the poor roads. He once drove a 14 horse team which hauled 40 passengers to the Melbourne Cup. Before long the partners had sold out and the firm went on to cover many more routes. Peck had another brief period in the coach business but was later to establish himself as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle, often travelling to other colonies to conduct sales. He was enticed into this occupation by Dal Campbell in 1862, and later teamed with William Hudson (who owned much of Peter McCrackens Ardmillan from 1872) and T.R.Raynor, an accountant, to establish a stock firm which dissolved amicably in 1887 when John established Peck and Son with his son Harry.
He served as Mayor of Essendon and must have been the first American -born official of a (future) A.F.L. club, being a vice-president of the Essendon Football Club; his strong voice (which Mrs. McCracken could hear at Ailsa when he was conducting auctions at Newmarket Saleyards) and the Sturt desert pea he wore ensured that others in the crowd at the footy were left in no doubt about which team he supported. No doubt some of his grandchildren barracked for Essendon as in 1884 his daughter, Mary, married that clubs first secretary (and the first V.F.L. President from 1897 till his death in 1915), Alexander McCracken.

His son, Harry Huntington Peck, was born at Gisborne in 1860, left school on 1-1-1878 and in January 1884 became an auctioneer. When he retired in 1938, he had the longest-running licence among stock salesmen in Australia. Luckily, Harry was not content to fade away and started to write at the age of 81. His book MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN gives wonderful pen-pics of a great number of pioneers as well as providing extensive information about properties and is a much-used local history source.

John Murray Peck built a house called Mascoma in Ascot Vale (on part of lot 2 of section A in the parish of Doutta Galla). It consisted of 8 rooms and was situated on lots 29 and 30 of the Fernhill Estate on the south side of Mascoma St. The house was probably built shortly after April 1880 when William Fleming bought the estate. Peck must have wanted more land for (shortly after William Fletcher had converted Smiths old land just south west of the Pascoe Vale bridge to Torrens in 1881) he bought 40 acres and in 1882 built his Italianate mansion, Lebanon, which is now a private residence in Wendora St., Strathmore. His son, Harry, built Hiawatha, still standing at the top of Kilburn St., on the Byron Vale Estate in 1891. It may have been designed by Harrys brother, Solon.A.Peck, the resident architect of the Howie estate* in the city and was modelled on the lodge of the family home at Lebanon, New Hampshire-in which area the Pecks had been pioneers. (*Henry Howie was an early squatter near Gisborne, gaining in 1837 the licence for Cairn Hill which was taken over by J.C.Riddell and Hamilton later on. Howie and his family perished when the Sarah Jane foundered en route from Sydney in 1838 but he had obviously bought city land, which his relatives in England still owned in 1942.)

It is likely that J.M.Peck built Wanganui, a house later referred to as Cooks Homestead, which was on the Red Rooster site at the East end of the footbridge over Pascoe Vale Rd. near Peck Ave. The house was said to have been built for Pecks THREE boys and occupied by Harry for some time. It was later the home of Albert Cook, probably from about 1928 when Broadmeadows Shire, of which he was Secretary, opened new offices at the present site. In 1920-1, Richard O.Peck* had 7 ½ acres in Norfolk Rd. (Gaffney St.) and it is likely that this was the same land owned a decade or so later by Miss Roberts, which extended south from Cooks Homestead to the garage built by Fred Chisholm and his mechanic, Mr. OShea. (Peggy McKenzie, a resident of Gaffney St. from 1935.) The Roberts family was related by marriage.
(*Richard Osborne (Dick) Peck had started in the wool trade and had risen to the position of buyer for Edward Jowitt & Sons of Yorkshire but in the late 1890s joined his fathers firm, its name changing to Peck and Sons.)
In 1920-1, Mrs. Louisa Ellen Peck owned a house and 38 acres (Lebanon) as well as a house and land which Mrs. M.McCracken (her daughter and Alex. McCrackens widow) was renting from her, Harry owned 5 acres (Hiawatha) and with Richard owned 18 acres at the west end of the Byron Vale Estate (probably near Lincoln St. ie. Carnarvon Rd.) and 20 acres adjacent to Lebanon. Dick Peck had earlier owned land, which in 1914 was acquired to extend the army camp at Broadmeadows. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten history A. Lemon. P. 131.)
Buried in the Will Will Rook Cemetery, just west of this piece of land are:
JOHN MURRAY PECK, born at Lebanon, New Hampshire,U.S.A. in January, 1830 and died at Lebanon, Pascoe Vale on 19-11-1903.
LOUISA ELLEN NEE? ROBERTS, wife of above, born Bond St., London 6-6-1840, died Lebanon, Pascoe Vale 5-7-1928
.ANNIE M.PECK, died at Hiawatha, Pascoe Vale 11-11-1940 (after which Harry moved to Bolobek at Macedon where he was living when Memoirs was published in 1942),wife of
HARRY HUNTINGTON PECK who died at Wangaratta on 24-7-1943 and their son
GUNNER HARRY HUNTINGTON PECK of the 4TH. F.A.B., 1st. A.I.F., who died on 6-10-1947.
In the equally historic Bulla Cemetery, in the 12th. Row of the C.of E. section lies SARAH SWINBORNE ROBERTS who died at Lebanon, Pascoe Vale on 31-1-1916.
(Sources as stated plus: Sam Merrifields House Index & Street names of Essendon by Lenore Frost, Essendon Conservation study by G.Butler, Kilts and Cow Dung Flats and Ardmillan by MYSELF and of course, Harrys book.)

Who was Hugh Peck? He was obviously related to John Murray Peck because of an entry in Broadmeadows rates of 1879-80 which throws into doubt the claim that John bought the Lebanon land in or shortly after 1881. The entry shows that Hugh Peck owned a house and 34 acres at Pascoe Vale with a nett annual value of 60 pounds. This was probably Lebanon. Hugh Peck was also leasing a house and land at Yuroke,N.A.V.12 pounds from Henry Papworth; this was probably in Section Rd., Greenvale.

In 1900, Hugh Peck, landowner, owned 6 acres on J.P. Fawkners grant, 11B of Doutta Galla between Milleara and Rachelle Rds. in East Keilor. This was probably a site Fawkner reserved for a school just south of Groves St. or a block east of that street labelled Fawkner Executors on a C.1890 map.
I also recall having seen a map 10 years ago, which showed Hugh Peck as the owner of section 19 of the parish of Maribyrnong. This accounts for the naming of Pecks Rd., Sydenham, which is its eastern boundary. As confirmation of this hazy recollection, I have found notes from a discussion with longtime Sydenham farmer, Merv Landers, in which he described the land west of Pecks Rd. as having been Bob Mortons and earlier Pecks.
Was Hugh an alternate name for J.M.Peck, an older son or a brother? I prefer the first theory.
On 30-7-1903, the late James Robertsons Upper Keilor estate was sold by Pearson, Rowe and Smith in conjunction with J.M.Peck and Sons. This land was between Calder Highway and the river, and on the north side of the Melton Rd. from Calder Park Dr. to the Beattys (Sic!) Rd. corner. Just south of the Melton road was William Taylors Overnewton Estate, which was sold at about the same time*, probably by the same firms. If J.M. was indeed Hugh, he had only a few months left to buy the land near Pecks Rd. before he died.
(*Taylor died in 1903)

6 comment(s), latest 3 months, 3 weeks ago


PENTRIDGE.--His Honor (Mr. La Trobe.) on Tuesday last, gave the name of "Pentridge" to the village on the Sydney road, about four and a half miles from Melbourne. It is truly a delightful spot, and the ground is excellent. We may, therefore, anticipate in a short time, a flourishing village, and gardens sufficient to sup-
ply our market with every description of vegetables, of which there is such a scarcity at present, although in great demand. In the immediate neighbourhood we reckoned as many as twenty-one farms, all in the occupation of gentlemen,who are busily engaged in the erection of dwelling houses and other buildings requisite for carrying on agricultural operations upon an extensive scale. There are also six families of thelabouring class, and Mr. La Trobe has promised to recommend to His Excellency that the site of a church should be reserved for the inhabitants,who are already more than sufficient in number,to entitle them, by the provisions of the church
act, to the required grant.-Port Phillip Gazette.
(P.3, in "PORT PHILLIP NEWS", Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser, 20-8-1840.)

The above was found as a result of Delia asking me how Pentridge got its name. It is unknown whether Latrobe thought up the name himself or simply applied a name already used by the early residents. Charles Latrobe seems to have spent more time in Switzerland and North America/Mexico than Britain but his lively mind may have been excited by the Bokerley Dyke and Pentridge Hill (Hill of the Wild Boars) during a childhood visit to Dorset.

It was not for another decade that the stockade was built at Pentridge. About nineteen years after that,the residents (worried that the lovely name of their lovely locality had been besmirched by the prison) asked that the Royal name be used instead. This was during a royal visit. The royal name was Saxe-Coburg and Pentridge was renamed as Coburg.

Be careful what you wish for! If Pentridge residents had been given such advice in 1869, they would have claimed they were honoured by the royal name and glad to get rid of the stained name now associated with the prison. Wartime caused another clamour for a name change. Saxe-Coburg was a German name and was changed by the royal family to Windsor. Coburg residents wanted their municipality renamed as Moreland (the name of Dr Farquhar McCrae's grants stradding Moreland Rd, in turn named after his uncle's plantation in the West Indies.)
Essendon residents, thinking the name of their locality came from Essen in Germany, also wanted a new name. Neither city changed its name but Jeff Kennett eventually did it for them.

For much more information about Pentridge and the City of Coburg see Richard Broome's excellent BETWEEN TWO CREEKS.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 2 months ago


When I was trying to find details of John (Peter) Shand's marriage to Mary (nee Hope, widow of John Huntley), I came across the Dromana Historical Society's PIONEER PATHWAY page. I thought it would be of benefit to write a few details about each family. In accord with my policy of not regurgitating history that has already been written, notes about these pioneers will be brief summaries, referring readers to sources that have extensive detail.

ADAMS Henry Everest and Eliza 1845.

Captain Henry Everest Adams was born in 1816 at Ramsgate in Kent to John Adams and Mary Susannah (nee Masterman.) The lad's second given name was the maiden name of his maternal grandmother. Young Henry was christened at Gravesend, Kent on 11-12-1818. The family legend had it that Captain Adams was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian but it proved that the association between the Adams family and the aristocrat involved delivery of supplies to the Navy in Canada.

Henry went to sea at an early age. He proved to be a willing sailor and after several years was put in command of a ship which sailed all over the world, trading with eastern countries, England and eventually Australia. On one of Captain Adams' trips to England, he married Miss May of Kent (more likely eloped!) Some relatives knew her as Aunt Polly.

They set sail for Australia and on reaching Swan River, they anchored for a time while a son was born. The captain named him Robert Henry. This was about 1835 we think as he was 99 when he died in 1934. They proceeded after the birth to Port Phillip where the captain operated vessels to eastern countries for some time. He applied to the New South Government for a grant, and receiving it, transported his goods and chattels to the site in 1842.

The Huntley family believes that John Huntley Snr received a grant of 208 acres in 1848, but in the cases of John Huntley and Henry Everest the arrangement with the Crown was probably a depasturing (squatting) licence. It is possible that sight surveys had been done on the peninsula to settle the boundaries of Runs there. During such surveys certain land had probably been suggested as possible sites for future townships. The prospect of Dromana Township taking up much of their Arthurs Seat Run was probably the reason Andrew and Georgiana McCrae handed it over to the Burrells.

The Burrells bought the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right in about 1851, most likely because their depasturing licence had been cancelled and selection of the surveyed land was to begin. On a map of Wannaeue showing early selections along the Bay coast between the Burrell land and Boneo Rd, only one Crown Allotment was blank. This was C.A. 20, bounded by The Avenue,Cape Schanck Rd and Parkmore Rd (Melway 158 J12.) In just one advertisement found on trove, this was later described as Wannaeue Village.

Adams descendants talk of a property of 750 acres. I believe that one of Henry's children had kept a document detailing the 750 acres for such certainty about its size to exist. Crown allotment 20 only consisted of about 100 acres. In the first available rate record, Henry Everest Adams was assessed on a 7 roomed house and 191 acres. The house was on land he did not own, at Adams' Corner (Wattle Place) but he did own 191 acres. This was Crown Allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue and granted to Isaac White. In Harvey Marshall's scrapbook in a copy of an indenture involving Henry, his wife and Isaac White concerning a property at Port Melbourne. I believe that Henry and Isaac White were very good friends and that Isaac selected C.A.19 to keep an eye on Eliza while Henry was making his trading voyages.

If the captain did indeed have 750 acres at one time, it probably consisted of the future Wannaeue Village, the owned 191 acres of C.A. 19 and Crown Allotment 32 (A, B,C etc) on the north side of Hove Rd, a total of 727 acres,the missing 23 acres probably accounted for by construction of The Avenue, Wattle Rd and portion of (the present) Bayview Rd. An indication of familiarity with allotment 32 is that an application by Robert Henry Adams (the lad born at Swan River) for a licence to occupy about 44 acres of allotment 32, subject to special road condition,was approved on 1-12-1881. This 44 acre block, 32D, became 41 acres 3 roods and 18 perches, the now-closed road taking 1.993 acres. Back Road Bob Cairns bought much of 32 Wannaeue and this may have caused the animosity of circa 1906 between the two families related to the flooding of Hobson's Flat Road and Robert Henry Adams' assault on Cairns and his son.

On 27-11-1863, the captain was granted crown allotments 5 and 6, section D, Dromana Township, consisting of 36 acres west of Towerhill Rd, whose north west corner was just south of the hairpin bend in Melway 159 E11, which ran south to Arthurs Seat Rd, including the present Nestle Crt. The ownership of this land passed to Nelson Rudduck when the Captain moved to Sth Melbourne at the urging of Robert and his "gentlewoman" wife.

On 6-12-1866, the Captain was also granted 56 acres in the parish of Nepean, being Crown Allotments 73 and 68, south of Melbourne Rd between William Buckley Way and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 C12.) He didn't retain this land very long, selling sold it to Duffy.

The Captain established his Vivyan Vineyard on 19 Wannaeue and possibly near the summit of Arthurs Seat; his son obviously kept the vineyard in production. According to Rye pioneer William Rowley, Bob Adams' wine was a shilling a bottle and after two glasses you would be climbing a telegraph pole, but they couldn't get enough of it in Singapore. The advertisement for the 36 acres on the mountain(circa 1880) referred to Henry's period of residence (not indicating an 1842 arrival) but this may have meant since he had quit the sea or obtained the grant.

Captain Henry Everest Adams is supposed to have beached the Roseanne and built his house from its timbers. Was the 7 roomed house of 1864 the original cottage or the extension built by Henry and Robert? A fort was being built at Pt Nepean to repel feared invaders and the Governor made frequent trips there to inspect progress. Governor Hopetoun often stopped at the Adams' guest house so it became Hopetoun House. There were some aspects of hospitality offered that did not please the Adams women who later renamed it Merlyn Lodge.

Henry and Eliza Adams only had two children, Robert, and Emma who was born on 14-7-1842 in Adelaide. Emma was thought to have died in childhood but Len Williams discovered that she had married Charles Edward Tyler Barton in Melbourne in 1861. Their first child, Charles Henry Barton, born at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) in 1863, returned from New Zealand after his wife and child died and married Emily Mary Nash.

Robert Henry Adams married Mary Jane Hopcraft who, being a gentlewoman, could not tolerate the captain's seafaring ways (wine, women and song with the odd naughty word or two might be an accurate estimate) and when he offered his grandchildren a taste of his Vivyan Vintage that was the last straw. She refused to live in the same house as the Old Salt.Robert, 28, and Mary, 19, had married in 1873, but by 15-12-1877 he was at Robert Anderson's Barragunda having his application for a licence (for allotment 69 in section A of the Parish of Balnarring) witnessed. It was actually 69A Balnarring of 93 acres 1 rood and 22 perches (Melway 190 E9) which was sandwiched between the grants of William Hopcraft (190 F 9) and John Hopcraft (190 D7.)

When Henry moved to South Melbourne to stay with friends, the Mullens, Robert and Mary returned to Hopetoun House. Details of their offspring follows but beware of accepting the place of registration as the locale in which the birth took place. Henry Vivian (b. 1874 Dromana, married Sarah A.H.Morgan at Mornington 1897.); Mary Emma (b. and d.Dromana 1876.); Eva Helen Mary (b 1880 Dromana, married George Freeman 1903 Dromana.); Mary Jane (b.1882 Dromana, married Thomas Hall.); Mary Helen (b.1884*, married Ernest Lesley Harvey in 1907); Robert William (b.1886*, married a Pain girl, then a Hall girl.); Sarah Mabel (B.1889*, known as Mabel, married Keith McGregor.); Edith Rosa (b.1891*, married William Reeves 1914.) * = Tootgarook.

People cared for each other in the old days and if families were in trouble, such as the Connells near Red Hill or the Singletons of Dromana, there would be a benefit concert to help them.However tensions sometimes occurred, such as the feud between Robert Henry Adams and Back Road Bob Cairns which caused flooding of the Hobson's Flat Road near the corner of Hove and Bayview Rd. (The road to Cape Schanck, now called Bayview Rd, was known as the back road by locals but the council obviously called it Hobson's Flat Road.) These extracts from my SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD explain the reason for the road name and the feud.

Because Anthonys Nose jutted out into the bay, travel to places west of Arthurs Seat was mainly done on vessels. Even after a road was cut around The Rocks in the 1860s, much of the transport was by ships because the roads were poor but Jack Jones At Rosebud and the Rye school often waited for supplies such as food and fencing timber when sailing conditions were unsuitable.
The first European in the area was John Aitken, a pioneer west of Sunbury, who had to swim his sheep ashore when the ship was wrecked near Dromana soon after Melbourne had been settled. Not much later, Edward Hobson took up a run near Safety Beach but soon after moved to the west side of Arthurs Seat, Maurice Meyrick settled at Boneo for a short time and Jamieson at Cape Schanck, also briefly.
If the sea was calm, travelers could get around Anthonys Nose on the sand at low tide. On his way to Boneo, Meyrick had a snooze as he waited for low tide on one documented occasion. If the sea was rough, they would use the back road. Those headed to Cape Schanck would head inland on a track now followed by Latrobe Pde and follow the present freeway course across the Government Road (Jetty Rd) to another Government road (Browns Rd) and then head due south past George Smiths Wooloowoolooboolook homestead, which according to Georgiana McCrae, when writing about the lost Cain girl, was six miles from her homestead and thus near Patterson Rd. According to Spencer Jackson (Beautiful Dromana 1927), Smith was related to Captain Hobson by marriage so he was probably indirectly related to Edward Hobson. Those heading to Rye could take two other government roads (Browns Rd and Eastbourne Rd) to head west.
This road was known as the Back Road, thus giving Robert Cairns his nickname, Back Road Bob. It was not until I came across the articles that I found that the council referred to it as the Hobsons Flat road. My knowledge of the farms of Robert Cairns and the Adams Corner family (as detailed in two other side projects, Talking History with Ray Cairns and Adams Corner) enabled me to specify that Hobsons Flat Road was the Cape Schanck road and to identify the part of this road (etched on the cover map) where crossings 1 and 2 were located.

I will leave you to read much of the detail about the Cairns family in Peter Wilsons The Cairns Family of Boneo. In brief, Robert Cairns settled at the north east corner of Boneo Rd and Browns Rd in about 1852. He was joined two years later by his brothers, David and Alexander, their passage probably assisted by the income that Robert had made from his lime-burning. Roberts in-laws had settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name, and Mary Campbell, who came out with Robert (possibly acting as a nanny during the voyage) found work with the Burrells at Arthurs Seat, where she met Edward Williams who arrived on a survey ship in 1855 (possibly with Sidney Smith Crispo) and they later married. Robert Cairns later moved in the 1870s to a farm called Maroolaba near Patterson Rd in the parish of Fingal, which was bounded on three sides by Patterson grants. This farm later passed to his son, Hill Harry who married Michael Cains daughter, Mary Agnes, and was the father of Ray and Charlie, both of whom were born at Grandma Nevilles in South Melbourne.
Alexander moved across Boneo Rd in 1870 to the grant he received with Amos, who according to the late Ray Cairns was a relative who never came to Australia. Two of his sons were Eleanora Davey and William who bought land on the west side of Boneo Rd near the beach and leased land near Chinamans Creek to the market gardening Wongs, who were so fleet of foot on the football field. Dalgleish Ave would have been named in honour of their Aunt Janet (below.)
David was paralysed when he fell from a vehicle and helped as much as he could with a guest house that Janet (Dalgleish) ran at Flinders. Three of his sons married daughters of old lime- burner, Edward Russell; they had probably attended school at the Boneo school at Blacks Camp near the Cape Schanck turn off. His son David (Blacks Camp Davey) farmed near this turn off and another son, Henry (Carrier or Rabbity Harry), who farmed in the same vicinity, carried passengers, fish and rabbits to the Mornington railhead. (James Campbell Williams, the son of Edward and Mary, known as Jimmy the Squid, performed the same function from Rosebud West.) Due to the Flinders connection, the family was linked by marriage to the Boyd, Symonds and Haddow families. The two sons most linked with Rosebud were Rosebud Ted and Back Road Bob. Edward married Elizabeth Bucher (from an early Rosebud Fishing Village family of which members farmed at Boneo) and in 1916 received a grant bounded by Jetty, Eastbourne and Hobsons Flat Rds. He had been involved on Woolcotts subdivision by 1910, and according to the aforementioned plan of early Rosebud, lived across McDowell St from the Safeway entry, next door to William Patterson, who married his daughter, Ruby, after his first wife, Roberts Margaret, died in 1920.
Back Road Bob(1848-1937), one our combatants in the shovel trouble, who married Annie Symonds, settled in 1877 on the Back Road. This was probably on 32b of 108 acres, for which he received the grant on 23-12-1887.He extended his grants to the east, purchasing 32 in 1901 and 32g in 1906, most likely having also held these two parcels on licence since 1877. Peter Wilson called his house Tornvilla but I believe this is a mistake caused by the illegible scribble produced by many shire secretaries. Both rate books and family notices call it Fern Villa. After an initial subdivision of Back Road Bobs land, the one acre block on which the house stood was again subdivided as the Marina Heights Estate. The spelling of Cairn Rd is probably due to the same brain-dead moron who decided that Edward Williams Eastbourne was to be now 17 William Cres., but that Browns Rd should retain the possessive s, the removal of which is what I believe was the purpose of the exercise. See Shire of Flinders Heritage Study, part 1, page 369 re Tornvilla (sic.)

That there is any history of Adams Corner is due to the lady that runs the Mens Hairdresser shop next to Hendersons Real Estate. Somehow the subject of local history came up and she showed me the plan of Early Rosebud. The next time I saw her, she had remembered who gave it to her, Harvey Marshall. What a wealth of material Harvey gave me to work with!
Although Adams Corner has been done for ages, three details have yet to be sorted out. Firstly when Henry Everest Adams arrived in Rosebud, secondly why crown allotment 20 Wannaeue was not open for selection and thirdly why family legend speaks of a 750 acres grant, when there were only about 290 acres in crown allotments 19 and 20. All three mysteries might be solved when Harvey obtains a document said to be in the possession of family members. Harvey calls it a grant and says that it was given for services rendered to the Government but I believe it was a special long term lease (licence).
The Dromana Historical Societys Pioneers garden near the old shire hall gives Captain Adams year of arrival as 1845 but its submission for the naming of a park in the area states that he arrived in 1839-40. He was said to have beached his vessel and used its timbers to build his cottage. I believe that Crown Allotment 19 was bought on his behalf by Isaac White, who was obviously a good friend. Part of crown allotment 20 was subdivided by the crown as Wannaeue Village in about 1877 and this (and perhaps a long-term lease) might be why the land was reserved from selection in the 1850s. The land that Back Road Bob selected might have been part of the land that Henry had been occupying and this could help to explain the ill-feeling that came to a head by 1904; it is interesting that Cairns settled on his land in the same year that Wannaeue Village was put up for sale.
It is likely that Henry combined trading with places such as Singapore with his agricultural pursuits and brick- making on the peninsula. One of his products was wine from his Vivyan Vineyard and he couldnt sell it in Melbourne but Singapore couldnt get enough of it. One of the pioneering Rowleys described it as a very potent brew. The Captain bought 36 acres (lots 5 and 6 of Section D, Dromana Township as shown on the following map) and 56 acres (crown allotments 73 and 68, parish of Nepean) on the south side of Melbourne Rd between Mission St and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 D 12.) He sold the Nepean land to Duffy before long but held the Dromana land until the former Miss Hopcraft laid down the law to Robert Adams. Henrys son had married her in 1873 and she had refused to live in the same house as the captain. He had given up the sea but not his seafaring ways.
Wine, women and song! Perhaps we should also add swearing and violent temper. The wine we already know about, but Roberts wife was appalled when he insisted on giving his grandchildren a taste. The Hopcrafts hailed from the north end of Tucks Rd and were probably part of the strong Methodist presence in Red Hill and Main Ridge. By 1877, Robert was applying for a licence for land between that of William and John Hopcraft. That he did not get the grant is probably due to the fact that the captain finally got the message and moved to South Melbourne to live with his old friends, the Mullins. Women! One of the prominent guests was the Governor, Lord Hopetoun, and the guest house was named Hopetoun House in his honour. The same name graces Harveys front gate in Wattle Place but the women of the family hated it and renamed the house Merlyn Lodge. You see, some of the female employees were not there to clean, cook or serve at table; they satisfied the gentleman guests in other ways. I have no evidence that the captain sang but the connection between drink and karaoke is fairly strong! The Captains temper is part of the family legend and despite his sons upright character, the assault on Robert Cairns son, Godfrey, in 1905 shows that he was at least a splinter off the old block!

The other players in the drama.
William Henry Hobley seems to have grown up in the Mornington area, A Richard Hobley was badly injured there in 1872 as a 13 year old. He received his grant in Hove Rd in 1890 and a bridge (probably opposite the tennis club site) became known as Hobleys bridge. He was unjustly accused of causing the drainage problem as shown in the following articles. He obtained licences for 3 and 9 passenger stage coaches in 1895 and won the Dromana- Mornington mail contract in 1902. It is possible that he lost this contract after 1904 and by 1910 was farming near Leongatha. A John Lima Moraes, who might have been a son in law, farmed his land for some time. He committed suicide by drowning in a waterhole. His widows executor was sub inspector Frederick Hobley, who might have been his son. Frederick was in 1938 put in charge of the detectives training course. With personal expertise in photography and ballistics, he headed up the police scientific branch.
Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck was one of the early permanent settlers on the peninsula and had been a member of the Road Board in the 1860s. He seems to have been a well-informed councillor but was eventually rejected by ratepayers because he came across as a bit of a know-all. He attempted to regain a seat in three of the ridings but was defeated at each attempt. He still gave his advice whether it was wanted or not. As he lived near so many of the Cairns family, it is no surprise that he took Back Road Bob Cairns side in the dispute.
NOT ALWAYS ROSEY AT ROSEBUD! Strangely, a period of intense disharmony involved three families which were not only neighbours but were also involved in the conveyance of tourists, from the steamers that disgorged them at Dromana, to Rosebud and places such as Cape Schanck. Also involved were Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck and the shire engineer (who served in the same capacity at Mornington Shire.)
Peter Wilson said that Back Road Bob Cairns sons were engaged in conveying passengers. Bobby Adams was described by Isobel Moresby as one of those who waited at the Dromana pier for the steamers (with Lord Hopetoun the Governor, his most famous passenger) and Hobley had obviously been at it since 1897. It is likely that Robert Adams and William Hobley were mates and that both were annoyed by Robert Cairns water diversion, which flooded Adams land and brought unwarranted blame onto Hobley. Anderson had been a long serving councillor and criticized plans for the drainage of Hobsons Flat. As many of the Cairns family, such as Blacks Camp Davey, Hill Harry and Rabbitty Harry, lived near Anderson, and were probably his friends, he failed to mention that Back Road Bob had caused the problem but Hobley made sure that this fact became known and that he was not responsible.
In early days, the Rye directory referred to the Swamp Village 6 miles east of Rye. My measurements in Melway indicate that this was near the lighthouse. Many creeks arose on Arthurs Seat and flowed to Westernport or Port Phillip Bay and they still exist but those that flow through Hobsons Flat are now underground drains, some under roads. The Avenue was Adams Creek and to the west were Eeling Creek which passes under the car park east of Tom Salt Reserve, and Peateys Creek which runs under Mitch Laccos statue near Murray Anderson Rd. The Drum Drum Alloc Creek flows west through Rosebud West producing the famed Tootgarook Swamp before emptying into the sea. Due to poorly defined channels and the mouths often being blocked, the flats could become very soggy and unsuitable for farming.
The Hobsons Flat (Cape Schanck ) road had been formed in the early days with two crossings over Waterfall Creek, the eastern called crossing 1 and the western number 2. The road could be none other than Bayview Rd at about Melway 170 G2 and the creek the one that now goes underground at Hove Rd near the gazetted cemetery (tennis club.) The Hobsons Flat drainage issue was discussed at the council meeting reported on page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 13-5-1897. Adams had been offered permission to cut a drain from crossing 2 (which Cr Anderson said was the natural flow) to crossing 1 (obviously on his own land WNW of the road) but he had refused.
Crs Clark and Baldry moved that a drain be cut on the east side of the road at council expense to carry water to crossing 2 and despite Andersons claim that it would create a chasm on Robert Cairns frontage and probable litigation, the motion was carried 5 to 3. Anderson claimed that a notice of motion should have been required, but the President, John Cain, said it was not necessary. Anderson then lodged a written protest. It is presumed that the issue had come to a head because water had backed up at crossing 2, because of Robert Adams dam, and covered the road. A council report (M.S. 12-3-1896 p.3) showed that Adams obstruction was causing the road to be covered with water for 200 yards. Andersons motion, ordering him to remove the obstruction and fill in drains he had cut on that road and The Avenue, was passed. This was despite Cr Baldrys comment that Mr Muntzs report, suggesting exactly what Clark and Baldrys motion (above) stated, was the best solution.
Anderson, no longer a councillor, wrote a letter (M.S.8-10-1904 p.5) which opened old wounds and inflicted others, earning him a new enemy, the shire engineer, H.E.Moors. He quoted from the engineers report that Adams had built a dam at No. 2 crossing 10 years before, that as no action was taken by council or neighbours, the matter was condoned and the statute of limitations applied. Anderson stated that the statute applied after fifteen years and it was doubtful that it applied to crown land and roads anyway. He said that council did not condone the dam but had sought legal advice which was that since council had not prevented Mr Hobley cutting a drain across a road higher up on the south west side, thus diverting extra water into Mr Cairns paddock leading to crossing 2, Adams had a right to block that extra water. He then mentioned that council had cut a drain from 2 to 1 on the lower side of the road causing an enormous chasm and that the engineer now recommended a similar drain on the upper side (on Cairns land)which would probably result in litigation from Adams (loss of water) and Cairns (chasm on his frontage.) Anderson said that the only safe and legal solution was to stop Hobleys diversion of water on the higher road.
A week later ((15-10-1904 p.2), Willam Hobleys irate reply appeared. I will give it verbatim, including the line that was almost illegible because of a crease in the page.

TO THE EDITOR. Sir, - Will you permit me to reply through your columns to Mr Andersons letter on the above subject. (William must have had a heading such as Hobsons Flat Drainage but the editor obviously deleted it, not realizing that the first sentence referred to it.) I would like to remind Mr Anderson that he was a very prominent member of the old Road Board in the early sixties, when the Hobsons Flat road was first formed. Now, Mr Anderson well knows that No. 1 crossing has not been allowed to do its duty for some time; the reason Mr Anderson well knows, viz., that Mr Cairns has blocked up the course to that crossing, by cutting a drain at an angle across the old water course, and turning the stream out at No. 2 crossing, also causing to be filled in the watercourse provided by the old Road Board (in the early sixties), thus preventing the water going to No. 1 crossing. Mr Anderson put the whole affair in a nutshell when he hints at the frontage to Mr Cairns house. This is the cause of the whole trouble. Mr Cairns is preventing the water taking its original course and as somebody must be blamed, Mr Anderson wants to make me the scape-goat for other peoples sins. Mr Anderson seems to forget that Mr Cairns had to admit, when asked by Mr Muntz, in the presence of ex- Councillor Bensilum and himself, that the water had always run in the creek known as Waterfall Gully through my land on to Mr Cairns land. Mr Anderson left, apparently fully convinced that I had not diverted the water. I only wish to add, in conclusion, that it is utterly impossible for me to divert water to No.1 or No.2 crossing as I do not own the land frontage to either crossing. Hoping this vexed question will be settled without fear or favour.- Yours, &c., WILLIAM HOBLEY. ROSEBUD, October 13, 1904.
Another week later (M.S. 22-10-1904 p.5.), there came a far more personal reply to Andersons letter from Henry E. Moors, the shire engineer. Before detailing his responses (including insults that he would not have dared to hurl at a sitting councillor), some background on the two shire engineers mentioned is necessary. Muntz was the Broadmeadows Shire Engineer at some time (which I can confirm when the publisher of Victorian Historical finally returns my material) and was criticized for performing the same function with several other municipalities at the same time as well as working as an architect. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.) He was the engineer in the mid 1890s when the Hobsons Flat drainage matter first arose. Moors was also the engineer for Mornington Shire and apparently lived in Mornington. Some West Riding councillors wanted a resident engineer living in Sorrento but it was pointed out by East Riding councillors that Sorrento was more distant from their area than Mornington.
Moors wrote two letters, the second in reply to one on the 15th from Robert Cairns, (who denied that he had exaggerated, accused Adams of causing the damage and called Adams an excitable little man), which probably led (along with the drainage squabble) to the shovel incident. Moors implied that Cairns had breached Adams dam. The second letter stated that Muntzs report of 29-2-1896 had cleared Hobley of any water diversion, countered Andersons claims and remarked that Anderson was not a lawyer, doctor, chemist, or a councillor despite his inflated opinion of his competence and had been rejected by ratepayers in one riding and then another. (Actually three ridings!)
Having diverted from a Hobley focus, I have decided to produce a booklet about Hobsons Flat drainage called SHOVEL TROUBLE FROM ROSEBUDS PAST and get back on track. This will include the case of Robert Henry Adams assault with a shovel (M.S. 5-8-1905, p. 5) on Robert and Godfrey Cairns while they took a short cut across Adams land. William Hobley, in an obvious effort to support Adams, said that he had seen notices forbidding trespassers crossing but changed his mind during cross examination.

Members of the family still live near Adams' Creek (The Avenue) a century and a half after Captain Adams' arrival.

ARKWELL John and Hannah 1862.
The Arkwells settled at Red Hill early and received grants for 12A and 12B Kangerong. Consisting of 143 acres this land is between Arkwell and Andrews Lanes (Melway 190 K 2-4.) The family pioneered the growing of strawberries at Red Hill. A photo of the Arkwell's packing shed is on page 73 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

BLAKELEY William and Martha 1865.

BUCHER Henry and Ann 1865.
Henry Bucher and his wife Ann ( nee White settled on the foreshore at Rosebud in 1863. Henry was from Boston, Massachusetts and Ann came from Scotland with her parents. (Rosalind Peatey said that Ann Bucher came from Clackmannon in Scotland as did the Cairns.) Henry built a cottage, probably wattle and lime daub) on his block on the west side of today's Bucher Place that he called Modesty Cottage. Their eldest daughter, Rose, was the first child born in Rosebud. Their second son, Sam, later bought lot 19, on the east side of Durham Place, from the grantee.(No Bucher was assessed in the 3-9-1864 rates.)

By 1919 Mrs Ann Bucher, who had apparently been a widow by 1900, was assessed on both blocks in the fishing village, Henry Bucher of Brighton on quite a few blocks on 17 Wannaeue (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk right through to Eastbourne Rd) and Samuel James Bucher of Mornington on 188 acres and buildings, crown allotment 1, section A, Wannaeue (Melway 170 F 12 south to Limestone Rd.) If I remember correctly, a member of the family ran the Mornington Sea Baths.

There is a photo of Henry and Ann Bucher on page 17 of Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

BURRELL Joseph, Charlotte and family 1851.
Visit the Burrell wing at the McCrae Homestead. There is a photo of the Burrell family on page 34 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CAIRNS Robert and Mary 1852.
See extensive CAIRNS detail under SHOVEL TROUBLE in the ADAMS entry.
Robert was intending to farm but found limeburning more lucrative and soon persuaded his brothers, David and Alexander, to join him at what became known as Little Scotland (Melway 170 B-C 10-11.) He had come out with Mary's parents, the Drysdales, who settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name. Another who came out with Robert and Mary, as a sort of a nanny, was Mary Campbell. On arrival she found work with the Burrells and when officers on a survey ship were invited to the Burrells, she met Edward Williams. They married and lived on Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd before Edward bought Eastbourne from S.S.Crispo.

Robert later established Maroolaba near Pattersons Rd in Fingal, later carried on by his son, Hill Harry, and his son, Ray, who died recently after making his last century. Descendants of the three brothers spread all over the peninsula; Doug Cairns of Mornington, who bought "Seven Oaks" at Bitten North, knocked around with one of Australia's greatest artists, Arthur Boyd, who developed his skills while living with his grandfather at 62 Rosebud Pde, Rosebud from 1936-9.

The Cairns families were linked by marriage with such pioneering names as Russell, Symonds, Patterson, McLear, Boyd, Haddow, Bucher, Cain, McGregor and Purves. As discovered in an interview with Ray Cairns ten days after his 100th birthday, Ray and Charles Cairn's birthplace is recalled by the name of a street on Owen Cain's "Tyrone" between Rye and Canterbury Rd. They were born at the home of Grandma Neville in South Melbourne; she was Michael Cain's mother in law.

Nicknames are very much associated with the history of the Cairns family. Their selection at Boneo at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rds was known as Little Scotland and an amusing tale (on page 98 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA) about a visit by George McCrae who was helping hawker, Charles Graves,tells of one of the many blond tackers having trouble cracking his whip: "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet."

I will leave you to read page 13 of THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO to find the nicknames used to distinguish members of the three families who bore the same names but I wish to comment on one in particular. Harry Cairns (son of David, born in 1861)ran a thrice weekly, two-horse coach service linking Fingal with the railhead at Mornington and Ray Cairns called him Carrier Harry. In describing the same details on page 52 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear called him "Rabbity" Cairns. True, Harry carried fish and rabbits to the railhead, which would have made the trip smelly as well as bumpy and slow, but it would have added to the confusion if one man had two different nicknames. It is possible that Rabbity was a nickname associated with Carrier Harry's oldest brother, James T.Cairns (1840-1829), who was employed as a rabbit inspector by the Department of Lands,with responsibility for the whole of the Mornington Peninsula.

See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO and the ADAMS entry for much more detail.

CHAPMAN George and Elisabeth 1859.

George Chapman (1829-1898) came to Australia in 1857 and arrived in Dromana five years later according to Colin McLear. Perhaps evidence has been found of an earlier arrival in the area. I believe that the founder of "Seawinds" might have been related to Nelson Rudduck's father-in-law, Fred Chapman, that he might have met Elisabeth Bain, whom he married, due to a connection with "Lochton" at Bulla, and that he or his descendants bought land in the triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Ave in Dromana; George, Thomas and James Streets could have been named after George and two of his sons.

Fred Chapman's haystack at the Saltwater River was destroyed by fire in 1856 after the Kay, Chapman and Caye grant on Tullamarine Island had been sold to the Faithfulls. A flour mill was built on Lochton in 1856 by David Robie Bain if my memory serves me correctly. (Fire-A Deamtime of Dromana; Faithfulls-titles information; Bain-"Bulla Bulla" by I.W.Symonds.)

In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of the family's Belmont guesthouse in Dromana on page 49 and James and Miss Janet Chapman on page 135.

CHAPMAN George and Isabel 1870.
I did a lot of assuming re the first George Chapman, but on a sound basis. Here I'm not so sure. Colin McLear seems to indicate, on page 83 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, that Henry George Chapman, a Dromana blacksmith, and his wife Isabel (nee Gibson, born 1865), were known to friends as George and Bella. The index wrongly states that Henry George is mentioned on page 58 but on page 63 we discover that he was the brother of Jane Sophia Chapman who married Nelson Rudduck. It is possible that he suggested Nelson's move to Dromana.

I believe that Henry George was related to the first George Chapman, whose sixth child, George Henry, born in 1873 only saw one New Year. Isabel actually arrived in 1865! An indication that Henry George was actually known as George is provided in the 1900 rates when George Henry? Chapman was assessed on 204 acres, Kangerong; the question mark being the rate collector's. James George Chapman, son of the first George, was assessed on
320 acres, 26AB, 27 Wannaeue (Sea Winds.)

The present Dromana Football Ground was practically donated by Henry George Chapman in a deal organised by Spencer Jackson. (P.181 of Colin's book and similar articles found on trove.) His blackmith shop is shown on page 59 of Colin's book.

CLEINE Charles and Elizabeth 1867.
See the CLEINE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

CLYDESDALE James and Julia 1860.
See the extensive CLYDESDALE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal. There are photos of James and Julia on page 157, and Bob and Jack Clydesdale (in Dromana's 1931 footy premiership team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CRICHTON John and Jane circa 1860.
The Crichtons established Glen Lee on the west side of Boneo Rd (opposite the Boniyong pre-emptive right) between Browns and Limestone Rds (Melway 169 J-K 12 to 252 J-K3.). There is a fair amount of detail in LIME LAND LEISURE but not about the other two parcels of land, also in the parish of Wannaeue, owned by the family. The 344 acres, bush paddocks, consisted mainly of 10B and 9B, of 314 acres, granted to John Crichton in the 1870's were located at roughly Melway 254 G2-4, south and east to Main Creek and Barkers Rd. The 678 acres, farmed by Alex Crichton, and granted to John Lovie, fronted Hiscock and parts of Truemans and Browns Rd (roughly Melway 169 E-H 8-9 and H-J 10-11.)

John Crichton did not settle on Glen Lee immediately. On 3-9-1864, he was leasing a house, outbuildings and 340 acres, Fingal from John Barker who still had his his 6014 acre run but was probably living in the house on the Cape Schanck Run mentioned in the 1902 article "Around Flinders." On 5-9-1865, he was assessed on 640 acres and an 8 roomed house leased from John Barker; this was the Boniyong pre-emptive right across the road from GlenLee for which he obtained the grant in the 1870's.
Catherine Crichton was assessed on the bush paddocks for some time. She probably did not live there as her gravestone at the Dromana Cemetery calls her Catherine Crichton of Glen Lee.

Members of the family mentioned in the 1879 rates were John senior and junior on 453 acres ( Glen Lee), Hugh on 314 acres (bush paddocks) and Alex on Lovie's. Lovie had probably moved because James Ford had taken him to court for digging ditches on the road.

Catherine Crichton had the bush blocks in 1910 but (perhaps because of her death, year not recorded), Arthur Glover of Auburn was assessed on them in 1919, while John Crichton was still on Glen Lee and Hugh Crichton was occupying 16 acres and buildings, 25A, Wannaeue, granted to him on 21-4-1911, at the south west corner of Glen Lee (roughly the private access road in 252 H3.)

The Crichtons remain part of the community and one member was heavily involved in the formation of the Rosebud Country Club (Birdies and Bogies, the Club's history, available at the Rosebud Library.)

There may be a family connection between the Crichtons and the exotically named Dolphins, among whose descendants there seems to be a current day cricketing legend. While researching the Balnarring Gibsons, I noticed a James Crighton Dolphin and wondered if his second given name had suffered the same mis-spelling in rate books as the Glen Lee family's surname.Then I found the correction to James Crichton Dolphin at assessment number 48 in the 1904-5 rates.

DYSON John and Mary Anne 1863.
The transition from "carter" to buslines seems logical. Terrific information in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, including a 1927 photo of the Panoramic Estate showing the remains of the Dyson orchard on page 188, a photo of the Dyson bus fleet on page 51, Bill Dyson and wife on page 85,.

GIBSON Walter and Margaret circa 1855.
Walter was an early tenant of the Survey and Walter St (160 B4) is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate (the survey except for Bruce's 1000 acres north of Martha Cove Waterway), purchased by the Gibsons. Walter washed his sheep in Sheepwash Creek and straightened the last mile of Dunns Creek which originally emptied into Sheepwash Creek. Walter later purchased William Cottier's grants west of Collins Rd(160 B-C 5-8) and established Glenholme. Much, much more in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are many photos of the Gibsons
and Glenholm(e)(P.82) in the book. It is possible that William Gibson of Red Hill was Walter's brother.

GIBSON William and John Thomas (Red Hill) 1871
As I have only transcribed parish of Balnarring rates in 1919, I can only presume that a grantee in that parish was William Gibson. W.Gibson was granted crown allotment 78A of 190 acres 1 rood and 14 perches on 22-7-1874. It had a 1116 metre frontage to the east side of Red Hill Rd and a 1018 metre frontage to the north side of Stanleys Rd (Melway 191 G-H 3-4 roughly.) Across Red Hill Rd was John Huntley's Hillside where William Joseph McIlroy worked from about 27-9-1877 until 19-10-1890. His diary entry for 16-6-1890 said that Mrs Gibson had died so it can be assumed that she was the grantee's wife. (Extracts from W.J.McIlroy's diary in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL.)
James William Gibson (1900, 1919) James Gibson (1910) and Thomas Henry Gibson (1900,1910)had land south of Arthurs Seat Rd near Main Creek Rd. They would seem to have been from William's family but I will not bother detailing the locations of their farms until the family connection is established.

There is no mention of Thomas Gibson in the East Riding assessments. I believe that he was William Gibson's younger brother or that like Henry George Chapman (known as George), John Thomas Gibson was known as Thomas.

William Gibson was at Red Hill before 1871.The Flinders Road Board was proclaimed in 1868 so the assessments of 8-6-1869 were probably the first. Interestingly they were recorded in geographical order rather than alphabetically. William Gibson (who supposedly owned the house and 190 acres he occupied), was followed by George Sherwood, house and 128 acres, Balnarring. The rate collector was heading north up Red Hill Rd.

The owner of 78A on the north corner of Stanleys Rd was William Gibson, and George Sherwood was the grantee of crown allotment 79B three years later and probably the owner condemned by Alfred Ernest Bennett for planting the fruit trees too close together in his 20 acre orchard. Bennett called his property Kent Orchard; The west end of Kentucky Rd starts near the north west corner of 79B but mainly bisects Sherwood's grant.

By 2-10-1875, William's house was described as having three rooms and it was wrongly recorded as still being leased from the Crown; it was granted on 22-7-1874. I guess William didn't tell the rate collector. Henry James Gibson, farmer, had 20 acres and a tannery in Balnarring (parish.) No connection with William has been found yet but could exist. The details for William remained unchanged on 31-7-1880 and 30-7-1881 but John Gibson was assessed on 187 acres leased from the Crown, in the parish of Bittern, east of Balnarring Rd. Occupations were now being recorded and William Gibson was a bootmaker, while John described himself as a farmer.

William's details remained unchanged in the 20-7-1885 assessments but there was no entry in the PERSON TO BE RATED column for the 187 acres, Bittern; however the rates were paid on 31-10-1885. What was going on?

On 17-7-1886, we see assessment number 41, Gibson William, owner W.Gibson, 190 acres and buildings, Balnarring but, above "William", John is written in small, faint script. This could mean that William had died(about four years before his widow, who as yet is nameless.) A year later, the assessment of 16-7- 1887 recorded John as the owner of the 190 acres. On the 30-9-1889 record the property had been split into two 95 acre halves on which John T.Gibson and William Gibson were assessed. I would presume that this William was of the next generation but I think that John T.Gibson could have been the same John who leased Crown land in Bittern.

This joint ownership continued but in 1909-10 John ThomasGibson, Red Hill, farmer, was assessed on only
55 acres and buildings,part crown allotment 78A, Balnarring, an entry for A.W.Farrell of Balnarring being squeezed in to indicate that 40 acres of 78A had been sold recently.William Gibson still had his half of 78A.
John Thomas Gibson must have been struggling. At the very beginning of the 1909-10 rates, and just discovered, is a letter to him from a solicitor saying the he'd been instructed to proceed against J.T. over 3 pounds 19 shillings and fivepence in unpaid rates.

There were no Gibsons in the last assessment on microfiche (1919-20)so I back-pedalled to 1917-8.
(A.N. 87),John T.Gibson, of Red Hill was assessed on 53 acres and buildings(obviously still 55 as (A.N.58) George C.Clark of Red Hill had 40 acres of that half)and (A.N. 213)Albert C.Ratcliffe of Red Hill had 75 acres of 78A. Having looked through the whole east riding record for any mention of 78A Balnarring, I believe that Albert had purchased the whole of William Gibson's 95 acre half of 78A.

John T. Gibson or William Gibson probably had a son called George. You will remember (I hope!) my rationale for assuming the Mrs Gibson who died in 1890 was the wife of the grantee of 8A Balnarring. W.J.McIlroy was working on the Huntleys' across Red Hill Rd. from the Gibson farm. Widow Huntley had married John (Peter) Shand and they had moved to Kentucky, 121 acres whose homestead still stands at 214 Dromana-Bittern Rd. The Huntleys' 105 acres 15B Kangerong was occupied by Carl Jaby Smith in 1919-20. See if you spot any familiar names in this notice from the Argus of 20-5-1930 (P.1, DEATHS.)

Deaths. SMITH. On 18th May at private hospital, Somerville, Annie Catherine, dearly loved wife of the late Carl C.Juby Smith,loving mother of Fred (deceased), Edgar (deceased), Charles (deceased),Caroline (Mrs George Clarke, Red Hill), Frances (Mrs Geo. Gibson , Red Hill), aged 76 years.( The funeral was to leave George Clarke's portion of the Gibson grant known as Rondebosch.)

George Gibson seems to have died in about November 1937, his wife and daughter expressing their thanks for the bereavement cards in the Argus of 20-11-1937. William Nicholas Gibson late of Red Hills, Dromana and Montrose died on the 23rd December, aged 81 at a private hospital at Hampton. (Argus 27-12-1919 p.1.) John Thomas Gibson had a daughter named Ruby Alice who died on 27-10-1890 at the age of 8. (Argus 29-10-1890, P.1.)
The GIBSON-ADAMSON marriage notice on page 17 of the 3-9-1927 Argus stated that Henry Gibson was the eldest son of the late J.T. and A.Gibson of Balnarring.

I am sure that I saw a newspaper article about Walter Gibson's brother,William finding a body on Glenholm while I was seeking other information but I have not managed to rediscover it. Walter's son, William, born in 1868, was probably named after him. Was the Red Hill pioneer Walter's brother?

GRIFFITH Abraham and Rebecca 1854.
Abraham Griffith, master of a whaler out of Philadelphia came to Victoria in 1854, supposedly bringing Watson and Bernard Eaton with him. Bernard, the gold mining brother mentioned by Colin, probably took off to the diggings fairly soon but Watson, Dromana's unofficial doctor until his death in 1877 (who did not have medical training as Colin suggested), farmed with the Griffith family on the Survey. In 1907 a local became very unpopular when he bid against the Griffith family for the old Griffith homestead block (lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision, Melway 160 H 3,4, part 5. bounded by the highway and Pickings Rd/Lane, with the non-historic Bluestone Cottage at its north west corner.) Watson Eaton selected 150 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd at the west corner of Eatons Cutting Rd and his executrix, Rebecca Griffith received the grant.
There is extensive detail about the Griffith family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA including photos of Jonah on page 35, John and Mary, Albert on page 71, Bert Griffith in the 1931 footy premiership team of 1931 on page 164, Ru Griffith in the Dromana Cricket Club premiership team on page 169.

HUNTLEY John and Catherine Evelyn (nee Hegarty)1851.
Bill Huntley insists that John Huntley Snr bought 208 acres in 1848 and even drove me into the northern end (just south of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve) to point out where the original cottage was. It is likely that John had land on licence from the Crown but it was granted to market gardener John Holmes (the northern 104 acres with a partner.) One of John and Catherine's daughters married Sir Thomas Bent and two of John Jnr's daughters lived overseas, one, a talented pianist and artist marrying a Spanish Count and the other, a journalist in America, becoming a great friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, who did not need to change her surname when she married!

Alfred Downward who established "Glengala" (Melway 162 F-G8) also owned land in Kangerong west of Junction Rd. When Alfred died in 1930, he left his land near Tubbarubba to his son, Herbert who habitually burnt off his Tubbarubba land every year. Often Percy Huntley and his sons, Arthur(killed in the war) and Bill would have to interrupt their fruit picking on "Rosslyn" to fight Herbert's out of control fires. (P.31 THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)


McLEAR Mary Anne and children 1851.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There are at least 15 photos of the McLears and Maryfield (P.100) in Colin's book.

McILROY William and Margaret 1862.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. There is a photo of W.J.McIlroy, taken when he was 86, on page 160 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. See the SIMPSON entry!

McKEOWN James and Catherine 1864
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Aringa, the family's gueat house in Dromana, on page 49, James and Catherine on page 86, the beautiful Eva and Gracefield, (where the family lived for a time after selling Glenbower at Red Hill) on page 87.

MOAT William and Esther 1864.
Colin Mclear must have seen a clearer Kangerong map than the one I possess as he gives the dates on which the 79 acres, bounded by Dunns Creek Rd, Harrisons Rd, the recreation reserve (one of Dromana's two racecourses) and White Hill Rd, was granted to William Moat. Colin also listed William's children and mentioned that Turnbull and Moat were building the Dromana Pier in 1874. However most of the references to the family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA concerned Bernard Eaton's gold mine. As there is not much information about the family, I'll see what I can do.

The first point to note is that descendants of pioneering families pronounce the surname as Mowatt. John Moat, with his brothers and the Clydesdale and Peatey boys, had gained valuable experience working at Bernard Eaton's gold mine on the Tubbarubba diggings not far east of Moat's corner and it is likely that he tried his luck at the Western Australian diggings during the depression of the 1890's. He died on 8-3-1904 at Dromana so there must have been some reason a death notice was placed in a Western Australian paper.(P.5, The Daily News, 25-3-1904.)

John's sister, Esther, died in 1941 at the age of 74. She had been the only (first generation) member of the pioneering family, after whom Moat's Corner was named, still alive. (P.4,Standard, 11-7-1941.)

Francis Edward Moat had died in 1939 and his death notice reveals that the family had arrived in the district of Dromana in 1855.(P.4, Standard, 16-6-1939.)Frank's death notice (P.8, Argus, 3-7-1939) shows that he was the youngest son of William and Esther Moat and the loved brother of Charles and Esther. (John was one of William's children, according to Colin McLear, but he had died in 1904.)

Esther Moat, former superintendent of St Mark's (C of E)Sunday School in Dromana, inserted a death notice for Roger Jones, killed in action, adopted son of Dr Weld and her former Sunday School student.(P.11, Argus, 2-10-1915.) The Moats had been involved with St Mark's from the beginning and helped in its construction.

In 1915 William Moat was awarded a contract to supply 50 yards of limestone near Rye for 14 pounds seven shillings and sixpence.

Extracts from the family connections entry in my Peninsula Dictionary History.
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. I suspect that the two families became acquainted through Ben Stenniken, Truemans northern neighbour on the west side of Truemans Rd. Stenniken often passed Moats Corner on the way to another property he farmed (151 A 12). Charles was farming at Moats Corner in 1900 but by 1910 was in Rye.
(See DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, and RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, Pages 27,35,47,52,54,55,61.)

William, son of Charles, who had moved to Rye, married Ada Campbell.
It is likely that Ada was a descendant of John Campbell who built the original Rye Hotel on crown allotments 6 and / or 7 of section 1 in the township of Rye. These allotments lay between points 60 metres east of Napier St and 100 metres west of Lyons St. He was in partnership with William Cottier who contributed the hotel licence and name, transferred from the hotel that he had operated at Dromana in 1859 (LLL). Campbell was also responsible for an early portion of the Rye Pier. Details of this Campbell familys involvement in Rye can be found on pages 20-22, 28, 31-2, 34-5, 40, 51 and 120 of Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School 1667.

The following genealogical notes come from Heather Spunner of New South Wales.
James Trueman, (grantee of land on the west side of Tuemans Rd subdivided by the Guest and Doig families, the Oceanaires and Almaray Estates) and Jane (nee Cook) had eight children, the fourth being Sarah, born in 1857. She married Charles Moat in 1891. She died in 1936 in Dromana.

Sarah and Charles had a daughter, Ethel Moat, who was born in 1892 and died in 1955 in Caulfield. She married Henry David Higginbotham Allison and they had five children (details available on request.)(Henry was almost certainly a relative of William Allison who ran the Arthur's Seat Hotel at Dromana in the late 1880's, after marrying widow, Catherine Wainwright, before returning to his trade as a blacksmith.This hotel, near the bottom of Foote St, was burnt down in 1897.)
William was born in 1895 in Rye and died in 1953 at Sorrento. William married Ada Elizabeth Myers in 1925 and they had three children , the third, Marjory becoming a champion athlete at school.

The third child of Sarah and Charles, Maud Myrtle, was born in 1896 and married William Benjamin Horwood in 1924. (I believe the Horwood family was mentioned in Jennifer Nixon's FAMILY CONNECTIONS: SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.)

Patricia Appleford states in RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 that there were four Moat children at the Rye school in 1905. Did Susan miss one of Sarah and Charles' children or was Frank there for work opportunities?

Now for the missing evidence in the Schnapper Point Murder; this case got its name because the preliminary trial was held at Mornington but the murder took place near Tubbarubba. The following is an extract from my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. The source was The Argus.

21-9-1874. Several residents near Three Chain Road were witnesses in the case of the Schnapper Point Murder. James Firth and his brother had come to see John and Agnes Wilson, who were occupying the Tuerong Station following Ralph Ruddells insolvency, to borrow some arsenic. James helped the constable to find the body. John McCusker, who was a sheep farmer living north of the two vineyards that are now located on Foxeys Rd, and his cousin, Peter Donnelly, were also key witnesses. Patrick Shannon was acquitted of murdering John Moriarty (Argus 19-10-1874.) One mystery that remained was what had become of some items that Moriarty was known to be carrying at the time of his death. The Hobart Mercury reported on 22-7-1895 that Charles and Frank Moat had found Moriartys watch and scales, but stated that if these items had been available at the trial, the verdict would have been the same.
Charles and Frank Moat owned land between Moats Corner and the racecourse (which is now a Recreation Reserve (Melway 160 H-J6.) By 1895 Charles had married a Rye girl and had become a Rye resident. However the depression of the 1890s was at its worst and the Moats (and Clydesdale and Peatey lads) were probably working on the Tubbarubba diggings for Bernard Eaton (the mysterious Mr Eaton mentioned by Colin McLear and C.N.Hollinshed.)

Now just one more job to do for our pioneers, the Moats. The digitised version of Sarah Moat's death notice is a mess..... Having fixed the digitised text I can now paste it here.
MRS. S. MOAT The death occurred on Sunday of Mrs. Sarah Moat at her residence at Rye. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs True- man, were among the early settlers of the district. Mrs. Moat was an ard- dent supporter of the Church of Eng- land. She leaves a husband, a son and two daughters. The funeral took place on Monday. On its way to the Rye Cemetery the cortege stopped at the Church of England where a ser- vice was conducted by the Rev. ? Hughes who also officiated at the grave. There was a large attendance of mourners. The casket was carried by Messrs W. Horwood, W. Moat, D Allison, ? Allison, J. Allison and C. W. Myers. The pall-bearers were Messrs R.Allison, S. Townsend, R. J. Myers and ? Myers. Mr Hector Gamble conducted the funeral.
(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 7-2-1936.)

It was no wonder Sarah had been an ardent supporter of the Church of England. Just as the Moats were involved in the construction of St Marks at Dromana, Sarah's father, James Trueman, was involved with the construction of the Rye church. Ben Stenniken had supplied the limestone to build the Church of England building that served as school and church until it was ready to collapse. The historic front section of the church was built using James Trueman's lime to supplement the salvaged stone from the original building. The brass vases donated by the Trueman family, found unused in the back of a cupboard and likely to be tossed out by an unwitting spring cleaner, are safely in the hands of a Trueman descendant with whom I share this secret.

There are very clear photos of William and Frank Moat in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA on pages 78 and 120.

OSWIN John and Georgina 1867
Mary Karney is a descendant of John and Georgina. Today, I tried to borrow her book, THE GOLDEN PLAINS:TUBBARUBBAREL and was reminded why I decided to provide my history on FAMILY TREE CIRCLES instead of supplying it to the Mornington Peninsula Library. They have four copies of the book and both copies at Rosebud are designated NOT FOR LOAN. It's not much good telling family historians that information is in a certain book if they can't borrow it! I had an appointment at Mornington so I got a copy there (for two days.)

Therefore, I rang Mary to ask if her books are available to be bought (which they are, from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies) and to find the actual name of John and Georgina's daughter Zing ; it was Florence Mary. Having found these answers, I prepared to start the journal by pinpointing the location of "Newstead". The book stated that it was crown allotment 35A Balnarring, which I found on an almost illegible map I printed long ago from the internet; it's so bad I couldn't even read the grantee's name.

I rang Mary again and her description of Newstead's location was much further north, and referring to a clear map of part of the parish near Red Hill, I discovered that Newstead was actually crown allotments 55 A and B, Balnarring. Mary said that the homestead was north of (the present) Kentucky Rd and accessed from Merricks Rd along a driveway about 100 metres long. John Oswin had selected both blocks at about the same time.

Newstead fronted the Dromana-Bittern Rd from the bend in Melway 161 K 11 running eastwards about 1063 metres to Merricks Rd. From the corner, the frontage ran south for 1072 metres almost halfway to Stanleys Rd. Each allotment consisted of 139 acres 2 roods and 3 perches, the eastern half (55B) being granted on 25-8-1872 and 55A on 4-8-1874.

The information below comes from Mary Karney's "The Golden Plains Tubbarubbarel". Much more information about the Oswins is available in her transcriptions of Georgina Oswin's diaries and "No Rugged Landscape".

John Oswin, pictured on page 22, selected his first block in the parish of Balnarring in 1865. (As his homestead was on 55B, we can assume that this was it; certainly not 35A, which my clear map shows was granted to J.Caldwell.) Later, like most of the selectors, he took up other blocks scattered over both Balnarring and Bittern parishes.

John married Georgina Mills in 1871 and they had eight children, seven of whom survived. (Mary told me that Arthur died at, or soon after, birth.) Six of the surviving children are pictured with John and Georgina on page 24, namely Bill, Zing (Florence Mary), Dick, Olive (Mary Karney's mother), Sue and Ethel. Missing from the photo was Fanny who married William Lamble, blacksmith of Bittern and is pictured with husband and son on page 23. ( The 1899-1900 ratebook shows that John Lamble Snr had 100 acres and buildings in (the parish of) Bittern. Georgina's diary extracts discuss Ernie (said to be John and Georgina's son) and Willie Mairs spending much time at the Tubbarubba diggings in 1893. If Ernie was another son, that makes eight children who survived.

Georgina gave birth to a son at her father's place, Kingston in Brighton. (P.4, Argus, 9-7-1873.)
Georgina died on 1-6-1908 at "Newstead" aged 58.(P.1, Argus, 3-7-1908.)
Had John Oswin been a hero in the floods near Kew in 1863? (P.5, Argus, 21-12-1863.)I suspect that he was and that Fanny's marriage was not the first connection between the Oswin and Lamble families. (P.8, Argus, 8-6-1859.)
"Newstead" seems to have been sold to Mr Hunt of Melbourne in 1910 following John Oswin's death. (P.8, Argus, 5-8-1910.)

John Oswin and his son, William were both Flinders and Kangerong Shire councillors.

PATTERSON James and Sarah 1852.
In 1851, Henry Dunn's five year lease of Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd) came to an end and many families who pioneered the peninsula leased small farms. On page 27 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA is a map showing the names and locations of these Survey pioneers. Colin McLear shows four families living on the north bank of Dunns Creek west of the Nepean Highway. They were Peatey, Paterson, Clydesdale and Griffith. Peatey and Paterson would have been near the north east corner of Melway 160 F4.

You might say that this name has only one T, but that is exactly how the name of James Patterson(pioneer of Fingal) was written on the shipping list when he came to Australia, according to Peter Wilson in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James visited the Goldfields and his wife died there according to Peter and LIME LAND LEISURE, and Peter implies that James did not come to the Peninsula until about 1871; Charles Hollinshed does mention that the James Pattersons came to Victoria in 1852 and settled at Fingal in 1855 .

You would think that Colin McLear would have written something about James Patterson since he settled diagonally across Dunns Creek from Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow". That he uttered not one word shows that the family folklore had Paterson living nearby but did not stay there long . The parish of Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and extends west as far as Bass Meadows Bvd near St Andrews Beach. Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD has a chapter called The Petition from Tootgarook and Point Nepean 1859.

James Sandle Ford ( of Portsea which he named) and Peter Purves (of Tootgarook Run) had tricked their neighbours into signing a petition opposing the Government's plan to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach to enclose the police paddock from that line to The Heads. Ford and Purves had about 800 bullocks enjoying free grazing in that area. James Patterson was a limeburner and he told Senior Constable O'Shannassy that he had signed the petition at the request of Ford and Purves, had not understood it fully, now realised that not having the fence would disadvantage him, and wished to have his name withdrawn.

The 1864 rates show that James Patterson, limeburner, had a lime station (nett annual value 25 pounds) in the Wannaeue Division (possibly just north of Limestone Rd. The assessments of 5-9-1865 show that he had a two roomed house in the parish of Wannaeue. In 1865 there was also another Patterson, Walter Patterson, who was assessed on 50 acres and a 2 roomed house; he was not known to be related to James and lived near Wallaces Rd (which used to be known as Pattersons Lane.)

There is a fair likelihood that the Survey pioneer, the limeburner and the Fingal farmer were one and the same. There is also a fair chance that the limeburner knew Edward Russell and the Cairns families well because of their involvement in the same industry; the Fingal Pattersons, the Russells and the Cairns had multiple marital connections. Another pioneer engaged in limeburning was Ben Stenniken; Ralph Patterson, who returned to the old "Paterson" stomping ground (the Survey) married Rachel Stenniken. His younger brother William, who became a west riding councillor, married a girl from one Cairns family, and after her death a girl from another Cairns family.

The Patterson family of Fingal later had a connection just north of where Paterson had settled on the Survey. In 1910, Ralph Godfrey Patterson was assessed on 287 acres, lots 18, 19 Clarke's. This land (actually 286 acres 3 roods and 11 perches) fronted the east side of the highway and the north side of Wallaces Rd (to the bend in Melway 161 B3)with a short northern boundary in 151 C12 north of Upsndown Rd.
See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO re details of James Patterson's place of origin, emigration, and family connections.

There is a photo of Bill Patterson (in Dromana's premiership football team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. To be a descendant of James and Sarah Patterson, Bill would have had to be about 42 years old. James Patterson's son, William, married twice, the second time to Ruby, a daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.They had one child, William, born in 1889. Why was he playing with Dromana? He might have been working on Ralph Godfrey Patterson's farm on the north side of Patterson's Lane (Wallaces Rd) and playing for Dromana (or Mornington) for years. W.Patterson kicked six goals for Mornington in 1921. R.Patterson (Ralph?) transferred from Mornington to Dromana (P.4,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 24-5-1929) and perhaps star forward Bill did the Simon Goosey transfer not much later. Rosebud played their first season in 1929.

PEATEY George and Susan 1858.
Rosalind Peatey's PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS is in the local history room at Rosebud Library and is not available for loan. I have not yet written a full Peatey history but to save my left index finger, I will paste some of Rosalind's information that I have used elsewhere.

George Peatey's father, Edward was born at Cerne Abbas, 15 miles from Long Burton, in 1799. (I presume these are in the western half of Dorset where the name Peatey is almost as common as Smith.) He married Charlotte (nee Lane). Their children and christening dates were Maria 15-6-1830, George 19-2-1832, Robert 1834, Maria Elizabeth 17-6-1837 and Richard 1840.

George, who was the only member of his family to come to Australia, was 7 ft 1 inch (nearly 215 cm)and was a member of the Queen's Own regiment. He and his wife, Susan, left London on 31-7-1855 on the Royal George and arrived on 27-11-1855. By the end of the year, their son, Edward Norman had been born at Tarraville, Gippsland. By April 1857, they were in Melbourne where John Henry was born.

By 1858, George and Susan were on the Survey. (See Patterson re location.) George Peatey most likely engaged in subsistence farming (a cow, a vegetable garden, fruit trees, some chooks etc) but like most of the men in the area at that time, he would have been mainly supplying timber for piers around the bay. Susan found time to be a midwife for many children born on the Survey and nearby:Emma Clydesdale 17-4-1864; David Morgan 13-4-1864; David Peter Thompson 9-6-1864; Margaret Watson 3-2-1867; William Alexander Gibson 8-5-1868; George Watson 27-10-1869; Rose Ann Bucher 8-9-1867.(Details of parents available if requested.)

All the Peatey children learnt to read and write at the private school on the survey (see A Dreamtime of Dromana.)Alfred William Peatey was born in 1871 not long before George and Susan settled on the Dunns Rd land. He went to the Dromana school and later drove the passenger coach between Mornington and Melbourne (a thrice weekly service.

In July 1876 George bought 51 acres on the north east corner of Dunns Creek and Harrisons Rds, adding another 50 acres adjoining on the east in 1881. The southern boundary is indicated by the creek crossing in Harrisons Rd. George planted 7 acres of oats and potatoes but this did not supply a living and his occupation see-sawed between farmer and sawyer. Because of the water draining down from the slopes of Arthurs Seat, the land was too wet for farming.

Extract from EARLY ROSEBUD.
In 1878 George and Susan Peatey apparently purchased a 2 acre block at the corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St. This dating is based on Rosalind Peateys statement that they took 10 years to repay Nelson Rudducks loan and gained title on 9-2-1888. They grew onions and potatoes from 1888 on this block, which is shown as Don Millers Caravan Park on the plan. George died in 1904 at 73 but Susan and her son, Alf, continued to farm on the 2 acre block. The cottage was destroyed by fire in 1912.
In 1894, their son, Jack and his wife, Mary, moved onto lot 5 in the foreshore village. This was on the east side of Peateys Creek, which is now an underground drain. However, anyone who drove in the area in August and the first half of September, 2010 will know exactly where Peateys Creek is now. That is where they had to divert into one lane amidst a sea of witches hats. The Peateys started Rosebuds first produce supply (dairy, poultry etc.)
Rosalind Peateys father, who received the Grant for the 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr. from the Rosebud Golf Club, lived in Mitch Laccos Pier Cottage (proposed apartment/café site) and fished with a huge coutta boat, which was used for many rescues in foul weather.

Extract from DRAMA (Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around) ON TROVE.
Jack Peatey had become almost an invalid and needed a walking stick, carved for him by Fred Vine, a longtime Rosebud fisherman. His wife Mary supported the family by selling poultry, milk and other produce from Seaside, their house on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray Anderson Rd) where it entered the bay. Jack played music for the Rosebud dances in the Mechanics Institute in the first two decades of the 1900s, with Rosie Bucher on the piano and a fiddler (most likely Joe Peters from the Cape Verde Islands, who was known as the Black Fiddler.)
Jacks health improved and he used to take out fishing parties with Edward Campbell and his son Keith being regulars. The Campbells owned Willowbank and Springbank, north of Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) and had the block on the east side of the jetty access road.
Whether during his ill-health or later is not made clear in my notes, but Jacks eyes turned. Mr Wong cured this affliction, probably using a centuries old Chinese remedy. He made a mask with slits where the eyes should focus. (Pine Trees and Box Thorns Rosalind Peatey.) P.S. I have been told since by Jim Dryden that this story was a bit of leg-pulling by doctor and patient.

RUDDUCK Nelson and Jane Sophia (nee Chapman) 1872.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. In this book are photos of Nelson's Jetty Store on the Dromana Hub site on page 61, Nelson and Jack on page 63, Jane Sophia and Nelson on page 64, Harry and Ern on page 135, Piawola on page 136, Nelson aged 81 on page 160.

SHAND Alexander and Charlotte 1872.
I have sent an email, providing my information about the Shands of Main Ridge and Welshpool, to Kathy Shand who is a descendant of Alexander Shand 3 of Welshpool. She posted the following about the Main Ridge pioneers on a genealogy message board.

Hi Jennifer (Jennifer's Shands were near Geelong)
It's nice to here from a fellow Australian Shand.
I'm not sure where my branch fits in, but what we have at the moment is as follows:
My great great grandfather (Alexander Shand) was born in Moray Scotland we think in 1825 and died in 1907*1 in Victoria. He immigrated from Scotland to Canada with a couple of brothers or cousins and ended up in Saskatchewan. There he married a Charlotte Elizebeth? Macklin around 1853.
From shipping records we think they immigrated to Victoria in 1853 with two daughters Charlotte and Ellen.
According to a copy of a New Zealand birth certificate, they must have immigrated to NZ, because my great grandfather was born in Mangapai NZ on the 22.6.1868. This is the only real piece of information I have.
My great grandfather (also Alexander) married an Isabel Mary Landlands on the 5 September 1899 in Hawthorn, Vic.*2
My grandfather (George Boyd Shand) was born on the 27 November 1905 at Welshpool Vic.*3
I'm wondering if you might have some information you would be will to share on the family from Scotland. This is where we are having problems. There seems to be plenty of Alexanders but not one that married a Macklin.

Thank you
Kathie Shand, Australia.

Kathy is certainly talking about our Shands as the following shows.
*1. Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. SATURDAY, JULY 27th, 1907. The usual monthly meeting of above was held at the Dromana Hotel, on Saturday last, the Councillors present being Shand (President), Shaw, Nowlan, Buckley, Davies, Stanley, Marsden, Cain and Clark.
BEREAVEMENTS. Cr. Stanley, before proceeding with further business, referred to the loss sustained by the President through the death of his father. He would move that a letter of sympathy be forwarded to the widow and family of the late Mr. Alexander Shand, Carried. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-8-1907.)

*2.Young Alexander lived to tie the knot. SHANDLANGLANDS.On the 5th September, at the Parsonage, Camberwell, by the Rev. R. Detterich (sic), brother-in-law of the bridegroom,Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Shand, of Dromana, to Isabel Mary, youngest daughter of G. B. Langlands, "Wilton," Welshpool, South
Gippsland. (P.1, Argus, 27-11-1899.)

*3. Alexander moved to Port Welshpool but within four months his sheep were being stolen. (P.3, Argus, 9-3-1900, FOSTER.)

Shands Rd, the boundary between the parish of Flinders and Wannaeue/Balnarring to the north, recalls this pioneering family. Keith Holmes told me that Alex Shand had his steam saw mill on Main Creek because it was the only one with a constant supply of water and that Roberts Rd follows the track formed when timber was being hauled to Red Hill.

John Shand married the widow of John Huntley Jnr in about 1902 according to Bill Huntley. John farmed the Huntleys' Hillside Orchard where Red Hill Rd turns to the north and later farmed Kent Orchard on Kentucky Rd and Kentucky in Bittern North. See the HUNTLEY entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

Bill Huntley also told me that most of the Shands moved to Gippsland in about 1920. ASK BILL FOR DETAILS.

WEDDING AT MAIN CREEK. Weddings are as a general rule interesting subjects, either to write or talk about, and the one at Main Creek on the 5th inst., was no exception to the rule. On that date, Miss Christiania Shand, (youngest daughter of Alexander and Charlotte Shand) of Main creek, was united in wedlock to Richard, (youngest son of Richard and Eliza Ditterich of Canterbury. The ceremony took place at noon, and was performed by the Rev R. Brown, of South Melbourne, assisted by the Rev E. Smith of Dromana. The marriage took place in a very picturesque part of the garden, underneath an arch of evergreens, nicely interwoven with flowers. The bride who was given away by her father, was most becomingly dressed in a cream fancy cashmere, trimmed with lace, white tulle veil, and wreath of orange blossoms. Mr J. Shand acted as best man, principal bridesmaid, Miss Ditterich dressed in white dress and blue sash. Miss A.Gunson in white dress and blue sash ; Miss A. Crichton white dress and pink ribbons ; Miss E. Barker, white dress and cream sash. At one o'clock about 50 guests sat down to the wedding breakfast. The tables fairly groaning beneath the weight of good things, which were provided. After the usual toasts had been proposed and responded to, and the Revs Brown and Smith had each made a short speech, the party adjourned to the lawn where the bride and bridegroom had their photographs taken by Mr Wright, of Flinders. Shortly after this the carriage was announced, which was to convey the newly wedded pair and a few of the friends to the railway station, and amid a shower of good wishes and rice the party drove off for Mornington. They will shortly proceed to St Arnaud, in which circuit Mr Ditterich is engaged. During the afternoon games were freely indulged in by the guests. The party breaking up shortly before 6 p.m., owing to the inclemency of the weather. Everybody thoroughly enjoying themselves. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-4-1892.)

They or their descendants obviously came back to Main Ridge. The Main Ridge Cricket Club, whose President, Jason Albress, is a descendant of a Rye pioneer, plays on the A.R. and F.Ditterich Reserve. Arthur Ralph Ditterich was a Flinders Shire councillor 1961-4. The Shand family was probably related to the Downward family of Mornington, Tubbarubba and Kangerong; Downward Shand 1915-17 and John Shand 1902-7 and 1916-23 were also councillors of the shire.

The scene of the above wedding may have been 19B Wanaaeue of 105 acres 2 roods and 13 perches, situated at Melway 171 K12, and granted to Alexander Shand on 4-10-1882. In 1879 he was assessed on 100 acres but that was probably an estimate of the size of his selection.It was bounded on the north west by Old Main Creek Rd, on the north east by Shands Rd, and on the east by Main Creek. In 1903-4, John and W.Shand added 210 acres bounded by Main Ck Rd and Roberts Rd on yhe other side of Shands Rd and A.Shand Jnr 21A of 142 acres fronting the Mornington-Flinders Rd from the Roberts Rd corner to a point opposite the Tucks Rd corner (actually 162 metres south of the present corner.) In 1900, John Shand was assessed on 428 acres in Wannaeue and Fingal.

SHAW Benjamin and Elizabeth 1875.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There is a photo of the family's Kangerong guest house on page 49, Shaw's bus on page 53, A.V.Shaw on page 88,and Maurie Shaw on page 171.

SIMPSON Joseph and Maryann 1873.
We have a problem Houston! There is not one mention of James and Maryann in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. LIME LAND LEISURE mentions only Rosemary Simpson who was a Flinders Shire Councillor from 1978.
I knew I'd seen the name somewhere! Join me in my voyage of discovery.Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL shows that Mr and Mrs Simpson attended Joseph McIlroy's marriage in 1877 and that one of the Simpsons was a member of the rifle club circa 1900.

I unrolled my Balnarring parish map and found that my hunch was right. When I first saw the name, I presumed it to be James Simpson, a prominent man in early Melbourne. He was the chairman of the District Licensing Court in 1849, a member, with William Lonsdale,four senior religious leaders and six other prominent officials and citizens, of a board of guardians to look after the interests of a large number of Irish orphans in 1848, with the Mayor was a joint chairman of the city and district court of petty sessions, the police magistrate for Melbourne in 1840 and was a director of almost every company that wanted prestige.

I therefore suspected that the purchase at Red Hill was speculation such as that of Andrew Russell of Essendon on the east side of Collins Rd, Dromana, or that of Thomas Monahan (on the next block east)and in Rye Township.

J.Simpson was granted crown allotment 89A of the parish of Balnarring on 8-3-1884. On a hunch that if J.Simpson was a pioneer of the area rather than a speculator, there might be descendants near Red Hill, I hit the local phone book. When I was about halfway through the 111 Simpsons listed my heart jumped. J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth. I looked up Simpson St and it was on 89A Balnarring! Bayne St nearby was named after a pioneer so Simpson St almost certainly was too.

I rang the number but my mobile said number not in use. As Homer Simpson (no relation I'm sure!) would say "Doh!" If this investigation had been in August, 2010, when I started my Peninsula research, that would have been the end of the line. However, I now have a list of contacts longer than your arm, including Keith Holmes. I explained my problem and he told me that J.R. was indeed a descendant of Joseph and Maryann but had died in about 2007. (I must get a new phone book!) Keith told me that JR's daughter, Margaret, lived next door to J.R. and had married Trevor Connell. (Connell is a name that has graced the Survey, the parish of Moorooduc and Red Hill during the past century and a half.)

J.Simpson's grant, 89A of 142 acres 1 rood and 21 perches was at the south corner of Shoreham and Point Leo Rds, with a frontage on the latter of 1170 metres. Baynes St, the original course of the start of Shoreham Rd until 1921, and Shoreham Rd formed the western boundary and Pine Ave the south. Between Pine Ave and Oceanview Ave was W.Bayne's grant 89B, also of 142.1.21. Almost 50 acres, right at the north west corner of 89A was granted to A.C.B.Noel on 16-1-1932, obviously having been resumed by the Crown under the Closer Settlement Act.

DROMANA. A very old resident named Mr Simpson died here last week. He was a colonist of over forty years and resided at Dromana for most of the time, much respected by the townspeople. (P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 2-1-1907.) This was Joseph Simpson who died on 23-12-1906.

An obituary for Joseph McIlroy shows that T.Simpson and F.Simpson were his nephews. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-1-1935.) That is, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph-see below.

RED HILL. On Friday last the first meeting of the Red Hill Literary and Social Club was held in the school. The meeting exceeded expectations, and the interest was well maintained, considering there was no set programme. The members were well satisfied. Papers were read by Mr W. Simpson, on "'Neighbourliness and by Mr E. Bowring, on " How to make our club a success," Miss Wiseman contributed a reading. (Part of a report on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 18-7-1903.) N.B. Mr W.Simpson was the teacher at the Red Hill school and he was a descendant of Joseph and Maryann.(P.2, M.S., 14-5-1904.)

DROMANA. (From Our Own Correspondent.)The.anniversary services of the Presbyterian Church were held last Sunday week by the Rev D. G. M'Crea. of Elsternwick. On the following Tuesday a very successful tea meeting was held. The tea meeting was followed by a concert. Mr Simpson, of Red Hill,made his debut in Dromana with 'The Englishman', and was well received. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1900, snippets only.)
That was not Mr Simpson's last performance in Dromana; he sang in the concert to welcome Trooper McKeown home in 1902. (P.2, M.S. 10-5-1902.) This could have been the teacher who was not a member of Joseph's family.

FLINDERS. DROMANA V FLINDERS. These clubs had a field day on Saturday when Dromana visited Flinders for a tennis match. Mr Rogers (who has not recovered from an attack of influenza) though present,did not play,and the visitors were further weakened by the absence of Mr E. Rudduck. The majority of the sets were won easily, but some provided exciting finishes, notably the last of the day. which was anybody's game till the deciding point was gained, when Miss Sproule and Mr Riley beat Miss Rudduck and Mr Simpson 6-5. Dromana have a decided acquisition in Simpson. Flinders won by 13 games. (P.2, M.S., 18-10-1900.)
Ah, 'twas-
Gibson Simpson son of the Jetty Store
Archly made a noble team to pile up any score.
These two lines from an amusing poem about the Dromana tennis club suggest that one of the Gibson family and the son of the operator of the Jetty Store (Simpson) made a formidable duo. (P.3, M.S., 4-7-1901.)
The duo was even more powerful when Simpson paired with Rogers (either Hunter Rogers, the early peninsula historian or his father, the schoolteacher at Dromana.)P.2, M.S., 27-6-1901.
The tennis player was probably also the Red Hill teacher.

As mentioned previously, Sheila Skidmore listed Simpson as a member of the rifle club. Red Hill beat Hastings, whose members were from the battery, with W.McIlroy 50, Joseph McIlroy, David Mairs and Simpson on 49.
(P.3, M.S., 18-10-1900.)

W.S.Simpson was one of the two auditors of the Kangerong Agricultural and Horticultural Society in 1905. (P.6, M.S.,11-2-1905.) N.B. There were Simpsons at Somerville at this time!
(W.S. Simpson could have been a son of Thomas John Simpson, but not of Frederick Joseph. He was possibly the Red Hill teacher, W.Simpson.)

Not only did A.Simpson of Red Hill top E form at Frankston High School in History and Drawing- he is the first Simpson I've seen for two hours with an initial and a definite connection with Red Hill! (P.7, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 17-9-1926.) He was also a keen family historian.

Aha! As explained before, I only did extensive rate transcriptions for Kangerong and Wannaeue parishes. However for my Red Hill research, I transcribed 1919-20 Balnarring assessments near Red Hill Rd, meaning to do crown allotment 89 but forgetting to do so; it looks like another date with the microfiche on Monday. However, I did record that Thomas John Simpson had 20 acres and building, lot 8, 75 A and B. This did not mean that his 20 acre block was on both A and B, but that the entire subdivision was. The interesting thing is that 75AB was directly over Shoreham Rd from 89A. I wouldn't be surprised to find that the 20 acre block was between Baynes St and the new course of Shoreham Rd.

SIMPSON.On the 8th January, at Red Hill,
Dorothy Ellen, daughter of Fred and Emily Simpson, aged 11 months.(P.1, Argus, 11-1-1910.) See below.

SIMPSON-MILLER -On the 21th October at St John's Church of England, Flinders, by Rev Edwin Eldridge, George Frederick eldest son of Mr and Mr F. Simpson, Seaview, Red Hill, to Lorna Evelyn, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs John Miller, Kilara, Flinders. (Present address, Red Hill South, Vic. ) P.17, Argus, 8-12-1934.
The word was illegible on the newspaper page but information from Albert Simpson's book reveals that the word must be "eldest".

SIMPSON, RED HILL SOUTH.(P.10, The Argus, 9-7-1956.)
SIMPSON.-On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved wife of George, and devoted mother of Robert and Shirley, aged 53 years. -Patient sufferer at rest.

SIMPSON_On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Ann and Jack Holmes, loved auntie of Keith, Alan. Kevin, and Norma. -Loved by all.

SIMPSON_On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved daughter-in-law of Emily and the late Frederick Simpson.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Joe Russell Simpsonand Elma beloved auntie of Margaret and Russell. -Peace, perfect peace.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Albert Edwin Simpson and Melva, loved auntie of Ellen, Andrea, David, and John.

SIMPSON. - On July 7. at Red Hill. Lorna, loved sister and sister in-law of Ted and Elsie Miller, loved aunt of John. Meril (deceased). Ken, and Ian.
Second given names and surnames in bold type have been added by me.

SILLY ME! Why didn't I think to look in the obvious place first? That is the article AROUND RED HILL on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902.
Simpsons. 20 acres of orchard and 12 acres under crop. 7-8 acres of strawberries. Very neat. (My notes verbatim.)

NOW, WHAT CAN MARGARET CONNELL TELL US? Quite a lot actually, about the Simpsons, Holmes, Littlejohns, Connells etc. Every five minutes she'd emerge with another book such as Sheila Skidmore's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.

Luckily, her uncle, Albert Edwin Simpson,a schoolteacher, had written a family history entitled SIMPSONS OF "SEAVIEW" RED HILL. While teaching at the Omeo Valley school, Albert met Elva, the South Australian girl he was to marry, when she visited her sister. He rose to a prominent position in the South Australian education system.

William McIlroy , a farmer and flax merchant of Littlebridge , County Londonderry, Ireland, sold his property in 1859 and emigrated in 1860. My journal about Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL tells of how Joseph twice raised the money to bring his family out and also explains why Joseph's eldest son, William John, called his McIlroys Rd farm LITTLEBRIDGE. On 13-9-1861, Margaret Jane and the six McIlroy children sailed from Liverpool in the Donald McKay , arriving on 7-12-1861.

Robert and Margaret Simpson, also had a farm and flax mill in County Tyrone. (The boundary between the two counties is obviously a stream which ran the flax mill as the McIlroy and Simpson farms were two miles apart, as they later were at Red Hill.) Two of their sons, Thomas James and Joseph were born in Kingsmill, Joseph on 26-11-1837. During the gold rush to New Zealand in about 1868 they migrated there. After a while Joseph went to Melbourne and contacted the McIlroys who had been close neighbours in Ireland. On 8-10-1870, he married Mary Ann McIlroy, who was born in 1849, at the Presbyterian church in Richmond.

Joseph Simpson and his bride went to New Zealand and mining with Thomas James was resumed. Their only two children, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph were born at Hokatika on the South Island on 8-7-1871 and 5-10-1872 respectively. Soon after the latter birth, the family went to Red Hill and settled on Crown Allotment 89A Balnarring whose boundaries were exactly as I had specified, according to Margaret. Joseph named his property Bayview, his homestead being on the 50 acres later re-granted to Noel in 1922. The farm was later divided into two and the southern part was called Seaview. Bayview was probably not named until Joseph had done quite a bit of clearing because not even a glimpse of the sea was available at first. (As I drove home from Margaret's place I stopped at the Red Hill Reserve to soak up a bit of sun; Red Hill is still a very shady place!)

On 6-4-1891, Fred started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occassions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!

(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assemblyfor St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)

Frederick Joseph Simpson married Emily Russ (b.19-10-1872 in Bristol) on 7-11-1900 at Brighton. Their children were Annie Lucilla b.28-8-1901, George Frederick b.28-11-1902, Joseph Russell b.8-9-1905, Dorothy Ellen b.6-2-1909 d. 15-6-1910, Albert Edwin 15-6-1911.

Annie married John Henry (Jack) HOLMES (b. 4-8-1901) on 27-9-1921. Their children were Nancy, Allen, Kevin, Norma and of course Keith Desmond who became a councillor. George Frederick married Lorna Miller (b.18-11-1903), whose marriage and death notices are shown above. Joseph Russell married Elma Lucy Jean Bonnie (b.1913) of Brunswick. The Littlejohn brothers had come to Red Hill from Brunswick, William marrying Elma's auntie, Kate. When Elma was holidaying at her uncle and auntie's place (lot 9 of Clarke's estate, detailed under Littlejohn in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal), she met Joseph. Joseph and Elma's children were Margaret Ann (my informant) and Russell Francis. The J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth I had found in my old local phone book was of course Joseph Russell Simpson.
See Dorothy's death notice and details of Albert's teaching career above.

RATE RECORDS. The rate collectors took a while to recall that a new pioneer had arrived. Joseph Simpson was not mentioned in the Flinders Road Board assessment of 14-6-1873. It would therefore be logical to assume that he arrived after June 1973, but perhaps he did. He was also not included in the assessment of 13-6-1874; the assessment was amended at the end to include some forgotten ratepayers, the third of whom was:
Simpson, the Crown, 142 acres, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated to form the Flinders and Kangerong Shire whose first assessment was signed on 2-10-1875. Being in alphabetical order, not geographical, as the Flinders Road Board's had been, it was no surprise that somebody was forgotten. Not entirely, because "Simpson" was written between assessments 71 and 72 with no other details and, apparently, no rates being paid.

The next year's assessment was presented and signed on 11-12-1876 and guess what. An amendment had to be signed later to include:
1. Joseph Simpson, the crown, 140 acres of land, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

He wasn't forgotten again but the 142 acres was called 147 acres in 1877. The nett annual value became 16 pounds by 1890 and despite the depression, grew to 26 pounds by 1899 and 26 pounds by 1909 (when Thomas Simpson was assessed on the 143 acres.) By 26-11-1916, Thomas Simpson had 20 acres and Frederick Simpson 71 acres of 89A. (That's only 91 acres!) T.Reeves of Fitzroy Gardens had 52 acres of Bayview, most likely the north west corner that was resumed and re-granted under the Closer Settlement Act.

So there you have it, the Simpsons of Bayview/Seaview at Red Hill 1873 to 2013 (nearly). I think the family is well and truly entitled to a pioneer pathway plaque, don't you?

SINGLETON William and Christine 1864.
Although Colin McLear did not mention William and Christine in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, he has plenty of information about John Singleton, presumably their son, and his descendants. John was first assessed, on one town lot (hence west of McCulloch St) and a hut in 1865. The 1879 rates described John as a shepherd. Although John did not seem to be prosperous, his family was well regarded, his daughter, married Charlie Dyson who had also arrived in 1864. John's children were Tom, Bill, Toby , James and Mrs Charlie Dyson, the last two remaining in Dromana, James and possibly his descendants living in Verdon St. Martha, who is mentioned below, could have been John's sister or daughter.

James Singleton's daughter Martha (Mrs Gault) might have been named after a sister or aunt, who remained a spinster. Miss Martha Singleton, 71, who was born in Dromana, and lived in the district all her life with the exception of a few years spent at Flinders, died at her residence in Ries? St, Dromana in 1937. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 2-4-1937.) Colin mentioned that John had spent a few years at Flinders. Colin's information would have come from an oldtimer's memory rather than genealogical research.

Of John's sons only James remained in Dromana. His grandson, Frank, was an outstanding athlete at school and won the long jump (15 yrs) in 1944 (P.2, Standard, Frankston, 26-10-1944.). Frank's great grandfather John had been an outstanding runner and jockey. Frank's father, Tom, was often named as one of Dromana's best players in footy from the early 1920's.

Tom and Bill ( named after great grandfather William!) seem to have been the only sons of James Singleton to survive while there were five (or perhaps more) daughters. Perhaps one or both of the children who died from diptheria in 1892 were boys. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-6-1892.) The family must have suffered further hardship in 1898 (perhaps illness or injury preventing work) as a concert was held for their benefit ((P.2, Brevities, Mornington Standard, 24-2-1898.)

In about 1902 Miss Margaret Singleton of Dromana married heroic Cr William Morton from a Lilydale family, who after returning from Western Australia where he performed the perilous rescue, established an orchard at Baywater. He died while coal mining in 1917. (P.5, Reporter, Box Hill,27-7-1917.) She was probably Maggie, daughter of James. She was certainly the grand daughter of Walter Gibson and that is why her marriage to Willam Morton of Bongardie, W.A. on 3-12-1901 was held at Walter's residence Glenholm. Walter Gibson's wife's name was Margaret and Margaret Eliza Singleton was probably named after her. Was Walter's wife a Singleton or did John Singleton marry Walter's daughter?(P.1 Marriages, Argus, 16-12-1901.)P.S. William obviously established his orchard and became a councillor after the marriage.

Steve 74 is a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells and has posted a journal on family tree circles about the Henderson and Singleton families from which he is also descended. F.T.C. stalwart Janilye has added much information in comments. It appears that John Singleton, as described by Colin McLear was actually William John Singleton who married Christina Mitchell, hence the names on the pioneer pathway plaque. James Singleton's two children who died of diptheria in 1892 were William John 1883-1892 and Isabella 1895-1892.

One of Janilye's comments show that John Singleton (and probably spinster Martha) was at Flinders in 1902. Others tell of Robert Singleton's death at 18, an accidental shooting while brushing a fern with the butt of his shotgun, and James stealing a watch from the drunken George Barnaby (probably the ancestor of an acting moderator of the Presbyterian Church at one time!) James like so many was out of work and hoped to buy a gun with the watch so he could earn a living.

Jim Singleton is shown with John Mclear, Harry Copp and Jonah Griffith on page 103 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are also photos of Tom Singleton on pages 135, 161 and 164.

Genealogy does my head in, so I'll leave it to others to unscramble the evidence about the Singletons who seem to have come to Dromana from Lyndhurst. And speaking of Janilye, see my new journal!

WHITE Robert and Mary Hannah 1875.
Robert and Mary Hannah were buried at the Dromana Cemetery. Robert died on 3-5-1941 at the age of 86, and Mary Hannah died on 15-8-57 aged 91.
Robert White owned Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue from about 1875 having apparently purchased it from Charles Blakey and sold it in about 1891. Not long before 1891 two Robert Whites appeared at Red Hill, Bullocky Bob White on Main Creek Rd near Whites Rd and Blooming Bob White of Main Ridge who had 27 acres, Kangerong, possibly old Red Hill Township land near the corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds. The Robert White of Rosebud may be a descendant of very early limeburners near Rye and Boneo, but I have not yet found proof of a link.

WILSON Henry William and Thamer (nee Burdett) 1860.
See my journal HENRY WILLIAM WILSON:BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER. In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Godfrey Burdett Wilson on page 45, Ralph and Ben outside the McCulloch St butcher shop on page 140. and the shop itself on page 46.

WILSON Sarah and family 1855
I suspect that Sarah Wilson was the widow of a brother of Henry William Wilson. Henry and Thamer Wilson gave the name of Sarah to their fourth child and first daughter, born in 1850. Colin McLear stated that Sarah and her sons, Robert and George, were settlers on Jamieson's Special Survey in 1855. As all three signed a petition on 9-3-1861, it can be assumed that the sons had reached the age of 21 by then.

I have spent two fruitless hours trying to find references to the right Sarah Wilson. She would not have been asked to sign a petition unless she was a widow by 1861. A Sarah Wilson, widow of Charles, died at the Moonee Ponds Hotel (later Dean's Hotel and now the Moonee Ponds Tavern at the south corner of Dean St) but as I have not yet found a death notice for Charles, no connection to the Kangerong pioneer can be suggested.

Sarah was not assessed by the Kangerong Road Board(1864, 1865) in the Dromana area so she may have moved or been living with somebody(perhaps Henry and Thamer.) There were several Wilson families in the early days (Mornington, Tuerong etc) so it would be foolish to suggest that George Wilson who had 216 acres in (the parish of) Flinders in 1900 was her son. However it is a possibility that a family historian could follow up. George Wilson Jnr had 96 acres, Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring. The Balnarring land was occupied in the first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869 by George Wilson and he could have been there years earlier. Was Sarah living with him? In 1869 George was assessed on 32 acres but by 11-5-1872 he had 48 acres.

This land was crown allotment 66A of the parish of Balnarring, between Stony Creek and Shoreham Rd at roughly Melway 254 H-J 1. This was granted to G.Wilson on 24-2-1882, by which time about 8 acres had been set aside as a gravel reserve.By 1887-8, George Wilson was assessed on 96 acres in Balnarring parish. In 1919, Robert Wilson of Shoreham had 88 acres and buildings and 67 acres and buildings in the parish. Was Robert a son of George or George Junior? It seems possible that at least one of Sarah's sons, George, might have stayed in the area and it is likely that his brother's name was used for one of his descendants. (See Comments.)

WISEMAN James and Christina 1862.
In the February of 1869 and 1870,according to Colin McLear and the Kangerong parish map, James Wiseman purchased his crown grants bounded by Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane. Sheila Skidmore said that he purchased land in 1862 but this was probably when he selected it.
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gave much genealogical information about James and Christina who both died in their nineties. It is interesting that one of their sons had the second given name of Bain.George Chapman of Seawinds married a Bain girl so there may have been a link between the Wisemans and Chapmans, just as there was one between the McKeowns and William Hillis. The Wisemans were devote Presbyterians who attended church in Dromana.

I intend doing an extensive Wiseman entry in the Dictionary History of Red Hill journal, so here I will just quote some information from those who know.

Thelma Littlejohn: Sheehans Rd was the original south end of White Hill Rd and when a deviation was made (the present south end) through James Wiseman's land, it was known to all as Wiseman's Deviation.

Sheila Skidmore (The Red Hill): Non-vested school 77 was built on James Wiseman's land in the mid 1860's on the west side of Arkwells Lane where it met White Hill Rd; this proves that James was living on the land before he bought it. When it was to become a state school, James informed the Education Department in November 1873 that he would lease it for a nominal amount as long as meetings could still be held there.When the new school opened in 1920 James was paid the 10 years rent still owed.Sheila has even more extensive genealogical information, and guess what; James married Christina Bain.

Hec Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.): Only about 50 yards from the old Red Hill school site, was Wiseman's property. I loved to watch Mr Wiseman in his blacksmith shop. He was a fine gentleman, with grey-white whiskers that were about a foot long. I enjoyed watching him work the bellows and anvil.He had a big hammer that he worked with his feet.It would come crashing down on the anvil when he was welding. I believe Mr Wiseman built an iron pushbike that is supposedly in the Melbourne Museum. One of his daughters, Jean Wiseman, sold apples for a ha'penny each; they were big Northern Sky apples, beautiful to eat when fresh. (AROUND RED HILL in the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 mentioned that a small portion of the Wiseman land was devoted to fruit growing.)

6 comment(s), latest 1 year, 8 months ago


Frustrated that edits to my SAFETY BEACH resulted in the OH NOES page when I clicked submit, I decided to find out when the Osbornes arrived in Dromana. George Wilson was supposed to have died at Osborne House, Dromana, which was probably an error because Osborne House was in Mt Martha.(George was a pioneer in the parishes of Flinders and Balnarring and probably the son of Sarah Wilson, an early settler on the Survey, who is discussed in my DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY journal.

Osborne was also an early township in the part of Mt Martha north of Balcombe Creek, named after Queen Victoria's seaside residence and with streets named after her daughters, such as Augusta. That's when I was led astray, finding out that the Esplanade (through Safety Beach) to Dromana was first proposed in 1910, that Mr Holden of Dromana was an early preacher at Frankston Methodist Church, and soon afterwards, that F.Holden was a true friend of John McLear. Then I found out that the true friend was Mrs Frances Holden who was, like Mrs Fred Warren*, a long-time widow in the township. I didn't find out that they were neighbours, Colin McLear had already told me that through his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
(* WARREN.-On the 20th October, at Dromana, Frederick Warren, the beloved husband of Janet Warren. (P.1, Argus, 4-11-1919.)

The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St,the part of present day Dromana to the east, and extending to Boundary Rd, being Section 1 of the parish of Kangerong. On the coast side of the freeway were crown allotments 1-8 of section 1. C/A 1, triangular with Arthur St as its eastern boundary, was granted to William Dixon Scurfield, who built the Scurfield Hotel(later the Arthurs Seat Hotel and burnt down in 1897) between Permien and Foote St in the Township. C/A 8, granted to Nelson Rudduck's father, Samuel,was almost triangular, except that its boundary was Ponderosa Place rather than the freeway near Pt Nepean Rd. All the other allotments were rectangular with a frontage of 200 metres, except the Dromana Hub site which went only 180 metres west from Pier St. William Grace, who received the grant for "Gracefield" in 1857, bought four of the six rectangular blocks.

Crown allotment 5, of 36 acres and 25 perches, commenced 200 metres north east of Pier St, its frontage being another 200 metres. (The Dromana hotel is right in the north west corner of Allotment 5.) It was granted to Alex P. Thompson,who had sold off two one acre frontage blocks by 1864, the year of the oldest available Kangerong Road Board assessment. Before I deal with the assessments,let's turn to page 79 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

" HOLDEN (1864) had been a miner and came from the goldfields to build a store in Dromama. This stood approximately on the corner of what is now Carrigg St. The verandah in the fashion of this time was low and shoppers stooped to pass under it. He also had a slab hut hard by. Here Peter Pidota's men were quartered. At one time, Robert Rowley and his wife, later of Rye, lived there when he was working loading craft for Peter."
1.The name appeared in George McLear's account book in 1864.
2. I searched for Pidota on trove and found not one reference. Colin McLear and practically every rate collector gave the surname as Pidota. So did Isobel Moresby in ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, with a twist.
'Among the craft which carried timber, firewood,wattle bark and so on to Little Dock in Melbourne was old Antonio Pidota's "Little Angelina".' Isobel was probably confusing his given name with that of Antonio Bosina, a fisherman, of Rosebud. But she made no mistake with the boat's name! A search for Pidoto revealed not only his correct surname but a maritime tradition and links with Williamstown.

Sir,-I would wish through your columns to call the attention of the Government to tho urgent necessity that exists to deepen the water inside the breakwater at this jetty, as at present it is at great risk vessels lay there to load or discharge cargo. On Saturday last the Little Angelina, only drawing 5ft. of water, bumped heavily through the sea that was on.

Taking into consideration the growing importance of Dromana as a watering-place, it behoves the Government to give this matter their immediate attention, and thus enable the residents here to get their goods loaded and discharged at any time by any vessels of a moderate draught of water.
-Yours, &C.,PETER PIDOTO. Dromana, July 2.(P.5, Argus, 4-7-1883.)

A message from Flinders (Vic.) says.-The wrecked ketch Little Angelina on Phillip Island shore is still hold ing together. She is right up on the rocks, and at low tide can be discerncd from Flinders, distant across the bay about five miles. There does not appear to be much hope of getting her afloat. It is not known here whether any steps are likely to be taken with this object. Tho Little Angelina belonged formerly to the late Mr. Pidoto, of Dromana, and was a regular trader between Dromana and Melbourne.
(P.10, Sydney Morning Herald, 17-6-1899.)

PIDOTO.-Mrs. Pidoto, Clifton Hill, has been informed that her son, Gunner J. Pidoto, who was mentioned in despatches, and was awarded the Military Medal for conspicuous bravery, has been wounded in the chest, and left arm, and is returning to Australia. Before enlisting Gunner Pidoto was a linesman in the post-office in South Australia. He has been on active service for two and a half years. (P.6, Argus, 7-2-1918.)

Has itellya gone completely mad (like Ken Bruce)? Clifton Hill, South Australia? Why not throw in Balmain too,to make the joke complete?
N.B. 3. Robert Rowley was not "later of Rye". He and Henry Cadby Wells were, with the exception of Robert's widowed mother and her second husband, Richard Kenyon (and possibly Captain Adams of Rosebud)the first permanent settlers on the Mornington Peninsula, lime-burning together in the Sorrento area in 1840 and crayfishing together from 1849. Robert married Christine Edwards from Longford in Tasmania in 1859 and probably went to Dromana soon after.He signed the petition of 1861 asking that Robert Dublin Quinan's school be chosen for the Common School. James Holden and Sarah, George and Robert Wilson were some others who signed.

In 1864, detail was scant but Richard Watkin had a 12 roomed house (the Dromana Hotel), Alex (Collop?)had an impressive 3 roomed house (nett annual value 30 pounds) and (stores?)and Peter Pidota(sic)had a house and store (N.A.V. 30 pounds.) In 1865, the details for Pidoto and Watkin were the same but Connop(or whatever!)was missing and Alex Haldan, who had not been assessed previously, had 1 acre and a 6 roomed house, N.A.V. 25 pounds.All of these properties were on crown allotment 5 of section 1, and almost certainly the 17 acres on which Edward Burgess was assessed in 1865, along with a hut. Connop and Haldan were probably leasing from James Holden. The hotel would have made the vicinity the ideal place for stores.

James Holden died in about 1874 so we would not expect him to appear in the 1879 rates re crown allotment 5.Peter Pidota (sic),mariner, had 17 acres,possibly bought from Burgess. The Dromana Hotel and its associated17 acres seems to have been forgotten by the rate collector. John McLear, laborer, was assessed on 2 acres. It is likely John combined fishing with any work that was available. With Harry Copp,Fred Vine and Jonah Griffith,he was one of Dromana's four professional fishermen.

Forgetting the 25 perches, crown allotment 5 (and its 36 acres 25 perches) is fully accounted for (17 acres Pidoto, 17 acres pub, 2 acres McLear.)I believe that John was paying Francis Holden's rates for her. John had married Janet Cairns from Boneo in 1874.The 1900 assessment was the sort of effort that later had Cr Terry fuming. John McLear was assessed on one acre; no mention was made of the 17 acres associated with the Dromana hotel or the late Peter Pidoto's 17 acres.

The 1910 rates weren't much better. Still no mention of Frances Holden. Mrs Pidoto must have sold her 17 acres to G.S.Edwards who was running the Dromana Hotel (whose 17 acres weren't mentioned);the occupier was W.E.Thompson but Mrs Pidoto of Clifton Hill was paying the rates.

In 1919, Lou Carrigg was assessed on:
17 acres and hotel, part c/a 5, section 1, N.A.V.150pounds;
16 acres, part c/a 5 section 1, N.A.V. 15 pounds.
If I remember correctly he bought the other 17 acres soon after arriving in about 1914.
Mrs Frances Holden paid rates on 1 acre and buildings, Esplanade, part c/a5, section 1.

The 34 acres behind the hotel became one of Dromana's two racecourses, (the other being north of Dromana Secondary College) and also served as the footy ground until about 1927 when Spencer Jackson sold it as the Foreshore Estate. John McLear's son Nip lived in his father's house till the end of his life. It was demolished to make way for extensions to the Dromana Hotel.

And by the way,Mrs Pidoto's address was given as Balmain , N.S.W. in an assessment but I can't find it.

McLEAR. - On the 16th June, at his residence,Dromana, John, beloved husband of the late Janet McLear, and loving father of Mrs Wilson (Boneo), Mrs Pentecost (Mornington), George (Wagga), Jack, Mrs A. Griffiths, Mrs McDonald (Abbotsford), Lily, late Harry (A.I.F.), James (A.I.F., returned); true friend of F. Holden, Dromana, aged 72 years 11 months. Colonist 72 years. "Thy will be done." (P.1, Argus, 18-6-1918.)
(Mr Wilson was a cousin of Godfrey Wilson. The Pentecosts were Mornington pioneers and a family member was appointed to take care of the Schnapper Point jetty light in 1863.)

OBITUARY CENTENARIAN PASSES. The death of Mrs Frances Holden, probably the Peninsula's only centenarian, occurred at her residence at Dromana on Monday. Had she lived until October, Mrs Holden would have reached the age of 102 years. With her husband, she settled in Dromana 82 years ago and had lived there ever since. She came from Sussex, England, when a young girl. In her younger days she took an active part in movements for the advancement of the district. A good horsewoman, she used to join parties that went out hunting kangaroos. Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery where the remains were interred beside those of her husband who died about 60 years ago. The burial service was read by the Rev.A.F. Falconer. Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 25-8-1934.)

Mrs. Frances Holden who was a widow, aged 101 years has died at Dromana. She had lived in a cottage near the Hotel Dromana for very many years and had a store of reminiscences of her experiences with the blacks in the early days. (P.8,Argus, 23-8-1934.)

Mrs Holden, the oldest resident of the Mornington Peninsula, has died aged 102 years. Mrs Holden arrived from England when aged 14 years. She was in Melbourne when it was a canvas town, and she went to Ballarat in the early gold mining days with her husband, who was a mining engineer. She remembered having ridden down Sturt street, Ballarat, with mud almost up to her horse's girth. Mrs Holden is said to have been the first white woman at Dromana. (P.20, Argus, 25-8-1934.)

HOLDEN.On the 30th August (passed peacefully away), at Dromana, Frances Isabell, widow of the late James Holden, aged 101 years. -At rest.(P.1, Argus, 21-8-1934.)

EARLY HISTORY. The pioneer and founder of the Methodist Church at Frankston was Mrs. Potts' father, the late Mr. John Carr. He arrived in Frankston. about 1856 or 7 and lived in the village for a time; later he started, farming. Early in 1860 he felt the necessity for a place of worship, such occasional services as were conducted, were held in the common school; so he set to work collected money, bought material and superintended the erection of a house of prayer; helping with his own labor. When finished he held services with the help of a few Christian people and a preacher named Mr Holden, who lived at Dromana. (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 19-9-1931.)

You may wonder how I have such detailed knowledge of crown allotment 5, section 1, Kangerong. When I felt that more information had to be made available about the peninsula and its pioneers in August 2010 and started my research, I was concerned mainly with Rosebud. When I found that Captain Adams gave William Edwards a loan of about 200 pounds with only a 2 acre block as security and that Edwards had a hotel in 1888 that seemed to be described as being in Dromana, I started researching the Dromana hotels in ratebooks.

It wasn't easy because hotels were described as houses and then as buildings. However I worked out that the Dromana Hotel was associated with 17 acres of land and Scurfield's hotel with 5 town lots. This information, combined with nett annual values helped me to confirm the transition of owners and occupiers.Once I saw Peter Pidoto's 17 acres specified as being in crown allotment 5 , the picture was complete because I had already suspected that the other two acres of c/a 5, section 1 were Holden's and John McLear's from reading A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

I had spoken to Ray Stella about the Dromana Hotel before I started my examination of every year's assessment of the two hotels (from 1864 to 1898 for the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat and until 1919 for the Dromana) and he told me that John Coleman had died at the Dromana hotel after he had sold it and was about to move out.Ray showed me an internal brick wall, (probably an external wall in Watkin's original hotel) that was left intact when Lou Carrigg did his renovation circa 1927.

Ray was so interested in the hotel's history, I said I'd write a brief summary of what I discovered. When I gave it to him in late 2010, he said it would make a good place mat. Today (20-2-2013), I saw the laminated place mat for the first time and it looks great. It has a photo of the hotel in each corner: Watkin's, two from the Rose Series, and a present day shot. He left out "To be pedantic" at the start of "Watkin should have called it the Kangerong Hotel." but the meaning is made clear in the following sentence about the township's location.Ray has included my information about the Scurfield hotel and the racetrack (that Melbourne Brindle and his siblings were instructed to keep away from)and added his involvement from 1986 until today. As a clincher, he mentions that Prime Minister John Curtin lived at the hotel as a boy when his father managed it! My copy is going on the wall and I suspect that many customers will follow suit.


The attached map shows Kensington as it was in about 1882. John Rankin's house stands in splendid isolation at the corner of what were known as Raleigh's Punt road (Macaulay Rd; the name also applied to Epsom and Maribyrnong Rds) and Princes Street. The northern boundary of Kensington was Geelong road. Kensington Rd was called Footscray Rd and Dynon Rd was called Swamp Rd. Kensington Park, which had housed Peter McCracken's dairy and then William Samuel Cox's Kensington Park racecourse, was about to be subdivided so Cox moved to Feehan's farm near Dean's hotel at Moonee Ponds. The Maizena factory was probably the first secondary industry not situated near (and polluting) the Moonee Ponds Creek or Maribyrnong River. The original Lynch's punt was actually on present racecourse land but was soon moved south to the line of Smithfield Rd, which was so-named because the first recorded race meeting in England was held at the Smithfield market.
People travelling to Flemington Hill probably used Princes St (the part of it in Kensington now known as Rankins Rd.) because Boundary Rd did not originally reach Racecourse Rd, possibly because of a swamp. Princes St was high and dry. What was the name of John Rankin's house? You'll have to read REV. JOHN REID RUFFLES SOME FEATHERS to find out!
A belated acknowledgement! The map in the attachment was supplied to me by Ken Fraser of Flemington. How I ever came into contact with Ken is beyond me but it just shows how historians (family and local) are ever ready to share. I want you to look at the map now and find the building that is shown in the wrong location, and should be shown where I have drawn a dot. I've teased you long enough. Hardiman's Hotel was shown on the site of Holy Trinity Anglican Church, which is now the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church.


6 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago

PIONEERS OF RED HILL, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA and part Hastings Heritage Study in Janilye's comment.

I'm happy that Jan asked me about Tar Barrel Corner because if she hadn't I might have forgotten that I had ever started writing PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY, which I haven't even touched since I wrote up the information given to me by Keith Holmes about a year ago. I was in top gear about Red Hill until, sick of note-making, I read a local history book for pleasure. Little did I know that Leila Shaw's book would lead to THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM, JOSEPH PORTA:BELLOWS MAN., TUERONG, THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE, heritage evaluations regarding the Jones properties at Moorooduc and many houses in Rosebud (Ferrier, Boyd, Durham, Potton, Hindhope Villa etc), as well as my Family Tree Circle journals.
Before I was side tracked by "The Way We Were", I was intending to read Sheila Skidmore's history of Red Hill because I like to read every available history about a place to make sure that I'm not repeating information that is already available and accessible.
My information comes mainly from parish maps, rate books, "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and Keith Holmes.

Red Hill is in three different parishes: Kangerong (north of the west-east section of Arthurs Seat Rd); Wannaeue (west of Mornington-Flinders Rd to Main Creek Rd.) and Balnarring (bounded by Bulldog Ck Rd-Myers-Junction-Red Hill Rds and Balnarring Rd, with a western extension between Shoreham and Mornington Flinders Rd.)As in the case of Moorooduc, one must define what is meant by the term. The Wannaeue part of today's Red Hill (as marked in Melway) was commonly referred to as Main Creek, and parts now called Arthurs Seat and Dromana were regarded as being part of Red Hill.
Surveyors preferred to draw straight lines for roads, allotment boundaries and so on, regardless of the terrain. The best example of this was Burrell Rd, the west boundary of Dromana Township. You won't find it in Melway 159 C8 because it was supposed to be Latrobe Pde going straight down the cliff to the beach! Because of terrain,the course of many parts of roads has been changed from the original route. Station Rd was part of Red Hill Rd, Mechanics' Rd was part of Arthurs Seat Rd and Sheehans Rd was the original part of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was built. (The last example explained to me by Thelma Littlejohn.)
Everyone knows about Trevor Chappell creating Kiwi hatred of Aussies by bowling the last ball of a one-day match underarm to make a Kiwi victory impossible. Many people would also know that Sam Loxton told the skipper, Greg Chappell, that he won the match but won no friends (or words to that effect) before storming out of the M.C.G.
Okay Mr Smartie pants itellya, what's that got to do with Red Hill?

LOXTON (Edited extract from present pages 100-101 of "Peninsula Dictionary History".)
Sam Loxton (who recently died on 3-12-2011) was interviewed for an article about the famous underarm bowl incident on the last ball of a one-day international against New Zealand in 1981 (Sunday Herald Sun 30-1-2011.) Sam hadn't known how to respond to Greg Chappell's instruction to his brother, Trevor, to bowl such a (literally) low ball so he took Billy Sneddon's advice (as described above.) The article went on to say that, after delivering this spray to Greg, Sam left the ground and drove back to Red Hill where he lived.

S.L.Loxton became the owner of crown allotment 20B, no section, parish of Kangerong on 16-11-1939. Consisting of just over 106 acres, this block (indicated by Melway 161 B-C 10) was accessed via Bowrings Rd off McIlroy's Rd. S.L.Loxton, who was almost certainly Sam's father and known to Thelma Littlejohn's family as Sam, was a member of the committee of the Prahran Cricket Club from 1941 until his death in 1974. Sam Senior was an electrician but in 1956 he became the FIRST PRINCIPAL of the Melbourne Royal Arch. I presume that that would make him a Grand Master of a lodge, and this introduces another cricketing connection, as the first to occupy this position (in 1884) was the venerated Sir William John Clarke at whose "Rupertswood" at Sunbury the "Ashes" were created. There is also a Red Hill connection in that Sir William owned the Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) where many pioneers near Red Hill had made their start in the area (Henry Dunn, 1846-51, followed by the McLears, Watsons, Eatons, Clydesdales and so on.)

I will not provide details of Sam's sporting exploits here because they are available on wikipedia.

The following pioneers were described as being at Red Hill in the 1864 assessments for Kangerong. I have only mentioned the house of R.C.Young because it was bigger than the usual hut or 2 roomed house that most pioneers dwelt in.
Thomas McRavey 60 acres with 32 cultivated, Francis Windsor (obviously a widow or spinster) 153 acres 3 cultivated, James Wiseman shop (blacksmith's forge?) 106 acres 1 cult., Robert Coxon Young 5 room house 121 acres 7 cult., Charles Brown 20 acres, William (Dory?) (154?) acres, Holmes 140 acres. John Arkwell 144 acres seems to have been first assessed on 2-9-1865 and the mysterious Holmes (Holmes and Co. on the parish map) was shown to be John Holmes who was a joint occupier of 140 acres with Laurence Weadson in the assessment of 7-9-1867. The assessment of 5-9-1868 revealed that Charles Brown had become insolvent.

Flinders Road Board ratepayers in the Balnarring (division/parish) before the merger with Kangerong were as follow in 1869. Many, such as Henry Tuck, Smith Ellis and William Bayne, were near Westernport rather than Red Hill but were well known to Hillmen such as Hec.Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.) My use of the footy team's nickname reminds me that William Hillas was consistently referred to by Colin McLear as Hill Hillas; I presume that Hill was his nickname.
James Byrne 134 acres, Martin Byrne 129, Thomas Bullock 59, Hamilton Allen 115, George Wilson 32, Edward Grey 53, William Bayne 2256 (most apparently leased by James R. Thompson), William Hopcraft 89, Alfred Head 130, James Pitcher 140, Hill Hillas 50, Robert Wighton 243, Alex Wighton 319, James McConnell 135, John Baldry 145, James Davey 249, Smith Ellis 183, Henry Tuck (Mantons Creek) 970, Michael Byrne 151, Charles Graves (probably near Shoreham) 382, John Richard and John senior Barker 3481 (Barkers Rd near Main Ridge), Robert Anderson (leasing Barragunda at Cape Schanck?, which is in Fingal parish, from Howitt) 1967, Hector Munro 101, Robert H.Holding 140.
Pioneers not listed above seem to have been first assessed as follows.
8-6-1871. James McKeone (McKeown) 165 acres, John Hindmarsh, grantee on 14-5-1871 of 83 B1, Balnarring, fronting the south side of Stanley Rd near Tonkins Rd(leasing from Attenborough) 65, Christopher Laurissen (ancestor of Dromana Historical Society's Bev. Laurissen) 137 and 169 leased from Duff, George Sherwood 128, Edward Stanley 160, 5 roomed house. 11-5-1872.William Kemp.

The 1875 Flinders and Kangerong Shire rate record reveals these pioneers who have not been mentioned previously. James, William and Henry James Gibson 170 acres Bittern, 170 Balnarring, 20 acres and tannery Balnarring, Henry Ault (Prominent Methodist) leasing Pitcher's 140 acres, Henry Blakely (saw maker who has bought Holding's 140 acres), Richard, P.,and John Francis Counsel (various parcels including a grant east of Loxton's and now owning Gracefield {Melway 159 H 9-12}whose vines they had tended for William Grace), Charles Cleine 52, James Clydesdale 50 (between Dromana boundary and Gibb Rd), Charles Golding, cordial manufacturer? 130, Francis Hirst (Hurst?) leasing 60 acres at Red Hill from Bryan Ringrose, John Moore 16 Red Hill, Mitchell 40 Red Hill, James Wiseman, blacksmith, 5 roomed house and 106 ac. Red Hill, Henry Prosser, fisherman, 284 acres leased from the Crown at Bittern (Henry was a storekeeper who owned two allotments at Portsmouth, Bittern by 1887-8 and there is a link between the Prosser, Sawyer, Gibson and Renouf families which I have covered in great detail in "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc" if anyone would like the information), George and Job. Sherwood, nurserymen, 128 acres Balnarring, Bryan Tonkin 418 acres Bittern and Balnarring.

1887-8. Helen Bayne, spinster and possibly sister of James and John who also owned land, had 148 acres in Balnarring. The rate collector assessed Edmund and Michael Callaghan on 1860 acres south of CALLANANS RD which had been granted to the Buchanans. As Michael was a surveyor, one would expect council officers to know how to spell his name! The rate collector had similar trouble with the Firths of Moorooduc who had bought land near Balnarring Rd, rendering their surname as Frith! William Shand had his steam saw mill operating on Main Creek and created what is now Roberts Rd hauling his timber to Red Hill according to Keith Holmes. John Arkwell was an orchardist on 144 acres where the Red Hill footballers now play.Hans Christian Hansen had arrived since the 1886-7 assessment and was probably living in William Hopcraft's "Alpine Chalet" with its drive flanked by fruit trees near the northern end of Tuck's Rd. William Hillas was leasing 213 acres from W.Higgins, probably near Whites Rd.John Hindmarsh was now a "Gentleman" and apparently living in Dromana. James McKeown had apparently sold his land (which was to pass into the ownership of the Sheehan and Holmes families) and was leasing 115 acres from a land investment company. The McIlroys now had 1057 acres but were as a Loxton to a Miller compared with the Downwards (2098 acres.) Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert Sheehan 215 acres in Kangerong.

Let's see if I can tell you something about the people granted land near Red Hill.
*=written from memory. More detail can be supplied if requested in comments.
Balnarring parish.

AITKEN.This surname is associated with the early history of the area near Dromana. John Aitken had to carry his sheep ashore in 1836 when the ship carrying them across Bass Strait ran aground nearby.(The statement in an obituary for George Russell that the ship was stranded four miles from shore is a tad curious.) He probably rested the half of his flock that survived on Dalkeith (See APPLEYARD), where he held a run (Heritage Study)before heading north and establishing Mt Aitken west of Sunbury. Aitken is a common entry on Trove but is not linked there with Red Hill or Balnarring. It is possible that the grantee was W.Aitken of Essendon who won prizes with his sheep, circa 1898.His son was probably the Aitken who married Miss Dwyer (at Moonee Ponds?) and was living at "Kenyer Park", Moorooduc when they celebrated their Ruby Wedding in 1945. The name also appears in relation to sport in Frankston and Carrum. I doubt very much that the grantee belonged to the family that owned Aitken's Brewery in Melbourne circa 1905.

BAYNE. (Mornington Standard 29-3-1913, page 2.) James Bayne, one of the oldest residents of the district, died at Dr Weld's private hospital at Dromana on March 16th.
DAVEY. See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.
DOWNWARD.Much has been said about Alf in the GRANTEES NEAR RED HILL journal. There is much information about the family in books available for loan, such as "A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Lime Land Leisure" and the one about Tubbarubba. There is also a good ANECDOTAL PHOTOGRAPH of the Hon.A.Downward on page 6 of the Frankston and Somerville Standard of 1-10-1924.

OSWIN. Balnarring's John Oswin's expertise regarding horses must have been widely known; he had been appointed a judge at the Shepparton Show.(Mornington Standard, 5-10-1907, page 2.)

TONKIN. (MAITLAND MERCURY AND HUNTER RIVER GENERAL ADVERTISER, 18-10-1881, page 2, Stock Movements.) Captain B.Tonkin and sons were shorthorn breeders on Tolcarne, Balnarring and seemed to be associated with the Teesdales of Western Park, Westernport and Gisborne with dealings regarding breeding stock.The property was given as Tolarne on page 7 of the Argus of 1-9-1884 where the names of the expensive shorthorns they sold (and the buyers) are listed.


Kangerong parish.
APPLEYARD. The death of Mr Appleyard at Red Hill was reported under the heading of SORRENTO on page 10 of the Argus of 30-9-1927. The correspondent reported that he was an old resident of Sorrento and that he and his late wife had conducted a drapery business there for many years.The Flinders ratebook of 1919-20 shows that Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento was assessed on 197 acres, part crown allotments 19 and 20, Kangerong. The 1910-11 records describe him as a draper of Sorrento and showed that he was assessed on 313 acres. In 1900 he'd been assessed on 546 acres.

Strangely, it would seem, Appleyard was not mentioned in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana". But I think I know why. He would have been as popular around the locality as the local who bid against the Griffith family for their historic homestead block when the Clarkes' share of the survey was sold in 1907. I found reference to a letter he wrote to council in August 1898 stating that he had opened up the road at his property and asking for it to be repaired. I thought it strange that the council decided to take no action and wondered what opening up the road meant. Then I found that the draper had (probably in February) fenced off the road, which led to a water reserve and had ordered off anyone trying to use the road. No wonder the shire treated his request with disdain!

The parish map is hard to read but part of his land may have been issued in 1889. I've also noticed that he had land between Dromana Secondary College and the junction of Harrisons and White Hill Rds. Counting this land, his grants totalled 429 acres. It is almost certain that Thomas had blocked the top of Harrisons Rd and deprived Red Hill residents of access to the water reserve which was probably on the east side of Harrisons Rd where a creek crossed into Moat's grant.

It is certain that Thomas was on that land by 4-5-1892 when the Argus reported on page 3 that George Howat had sold 493 merino wethers for T.Appleyard of Dromana. William John Brady of Mount Evergreen took him to court in 1896 on a charge of sheep stealing but Brady's barrister was not available and the case was adjourned. Appleyard researchers can chase that one up; this is supposed to be a couple of sentences, not a book!It is possible that Appleyard was leasing W.A.Blair's or Hearn's land near Mt Evergreen at the time.

Where had he been previously? Welshpool, Sorrento, Richmond, Fitzroy? I think he might have been at Melway 151 B8. George Howat sold 10 bullocks for Simmons and T.Appleyard of "Dalkeith Park" (Argus 9-3-1882 page 10) and a later sale in the 1880's shows that Howat sold 3000 merino wethers for Alf Downward of Mornington and 1000 for Thomas Appleyard of Dalkeith Park. The latter sale makes it likely that I'm talking about the correct Dalkeith. As these were the only sales conducted by Howat on that day, it is likely that both consignments had been taken to Nelbourne together. I can't remember whether Watson had bought Hearn's grants at that stage but Dalkeith seemed to be chiefly occupied by lessees, such as Alfred Head before Vale bought it later on circa 1890.(Vale's daughter became Mrs Jackson; hence Jackson's Hill at the start of the Mornington turn off. Appleyard was not the only one to move from Moorooduc parish to Kangerong to acquire a freehold, the Counsel boys did too.

Other trove articles lead me to believe that the late wife of Thomas was Eliza and that Lily was managing the drapery business.It seems obvious that Thomas was a grazier rather than an orchardist as one of his distant ancestors seems to have been.
CLYDESDALE. If any Clydesdale researchers request it (in comments), I will present the two page Clydesdale entry from my Peninsula Dictionary History that combines information from ratebooks,"A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" etc with great genealogical and biographical information from <>. William James Clydesdale seems to have been known as James, so-called in Colin's book and rate records. He married Julia Cahill who bore 14 children. The Clydesdales were related by marriage to the Dyson, Davis and Cleine families. The birth of Martha was registered at Mt Martha! Like the Peateys, they started on the Survey, obtained grants east of Moat's Corner and worked at Bernard Eaton's gold mine at Tubbarubba.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue pioneers.
DOWNWARD.See under Balnarring grantees above. In 1900, Alf had 1100 acres in the parish of Kangerong but I have not recorded whether it was leased or owned, or its location, most likely because the rate collector gave no details. It is likely that much of this land was adjoining the parish of Balnarring at the Bulldog Creek Rd end of the Survey and was leased until the Clarke estate was sold in 1907. I have the subdivision map and details of purchasers (with the Downwards buying many lots) and a journal about the Survey and Safety Beach may be written in the future.
EATON.*Colin McLear states that Abraham Griffith was a Quaker from Philadelphia and master of a whaler who settled on the Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers. His wife's name was Rebecca and somewhere(Lime Land Leisure?)my suspicion that she was an Eaton was confirmed.Rebecca was the executrix of Watson Eaton and the grant for the 150 acre grant which he had selected before his death in 1877 (west of the Red Hill end of Eatons Cutting Rd)was issued in Rebecca's name.I will not repeat the information in "A Dreamtime of Dromana" unless the book cannot be borrowed by Eaton researchers and a request for it appears in comments. In 1865, Watson Eaton was leasing 210 acres of the Survey from Big Clarke. Who, and where, was his brother? He was probably a "Race Owner" at the goldfields, certainly in some year that I can't recall, at Creswick.
For the information of those unfamiliar with Victoria's gold mining areas, a race was a channel that carried water from a dam to where other material needed to be washed away (in a cradle etc), leaving the heavier gold, like large-scale panning. At Blackwood, surveys for races were done by a woman and the Byers back track follows an old race to O'Brien's Crossing.
Colin didn't know the name of Watson's brother, so naturally it did not appear in LIME LAND LEISURE (a copy of Colin's notes!) I did bother to find out. He was back in Dromana by 1888 as revealed by the trades directory: BernardEaton, gold miner, Dromana.The mine was of course at Tubbarubba and his former neighbours, now east of Moat's Corner, were working for him.
The Eaton legend, as revealed to Colin by Maude Eaton or perhaps his own family, has it that Watson had undertaken part of a medical degree before leaving America, but at an inquest he stated under oath that he had never been to university or received medical training. The memorial, now in the Dromana museum, shows that the lack of a piece of paper did not affect his expertise or his patients' appreciation. There may have been a third brother who came out and became a librarian in Melbourne. Benjamin Eaton,librarian, who appeared to be paying the rates of Maude (a spinster), may have been that brother's son.

HOLMES & WEADSON (WADESSON?)Somewhere in rate records not transcribed, while researching another pioneer, I must have seen something that left me with a suspicion that J.Holmes,grantee of 208 acres at Melway 191 E3, (with Vines of Red Hill at its s.w. corner and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve), was a Sorrento resident. Trove indicates that he was probably J.T.Holmes, the prime mover in an attempt to get a fish company going there and prominent in the move to get a railway to Sorrento. It is possible that his wife was Susannah whose handbag was lost on an "omnibus" in Melbourne and that William Holmes of Sorrento was his brother. There is not one mention of Laurence Weadson on trove. Perhaps he was a silent partner in the old country such as Amos was with Alex Cairns at Boneo.
PEATEY. Rosalind Peatey's "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" is not available for loan but if a request appears in comments, I can present much of its detail. * In short the family started on the Survey and obtained a grant of about 50 acres and then another adjacent one at the east corner of Harrisons Rd, extending east halfway to Gibb Rd. This land proved too wet for farming (probably meaning hay growing) so in 1878 they borrowed money from Nelson Rudduck of Dromana to buy 2 acres (south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St) on Woolcott's subdivision of Crown Allotment 17, Wannaeue. After repaying the loan in 10 years, George and Susan moved onto the block and made a living by supplying eggs, milk, vegetables and poultry. Later their son bought a Rosebud Fishing Village block where the car park at the end of Murray Anderson Rd is now located and the drain that was renewed last year was known as Peatey's Creek. He also had a huge fishing boat which was used to effect many rescuesin foul weather. He and one of the Wongs (market gardeners at Chinamans Ck at West Rosebud) perpetrated an elaborate hoax, of which Rosalind was apparently unaware. I forget at the moment who told me about the hoax. Rosalind stated that the son (her father?, William?) was cross eyed so the market gardener made a mask with slits in the spots where his eyes should have been centred.A Peatey, probably the same son, was granted 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr from the Rosebud Public Golf Course on 3-9-1930 but due to a disability was unable to farm it; he probably sold it to L.E.P.Moran, of Moran and Cato, who built the house that is now the Carrington Club clubhouse.

Wannaeue parish.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.

DAVEY. The first time I saw this name in ratebooks, I wondered if there was any connection with the Frankston pioneers. Tonight I have examined this possibility. Many websites about Frankston provide identical information about James Davey having a run south of Olivers Hill along the Daveys Bay coast and old man Davey (named as William on one site) building a house on Olivers Hill. Strangely I seem to be the first person to wonder if the two were related.They were, as shown by the Kessell family tree re the pedigree of Davey, Frankston Mornington. William, because of whom Olivers Hill was first named Old man Davey's Hill, was born in 1795 in Cornwall and was buried in lovely Frankston in 1880.(His father James, was buried in an obviously less lovely place called Mousehole, Cornwall!)
His son James, born in 1820, who married before leaving Cornwall, died on 13-7-1884 at Frankston. It might have been his grand daughters, Ethel 16 or Elsie 6, and Fanny 6, who were the Misses E. and F.Davey of Marysville, Frankston reported as having collected money for the destitute Connells of Red Hill. The really interesting thing is that the money was to be sent to Mr Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill. This was H.P.Davey who was the light and life of Red Hill for ten years before moving to St Kilda and working for Sands and McDougall in Melbourne.

GRAVES. Charles Graves was one of the tenants on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) after Henry Dunn's lease of the whole survey had ended in 1851. Mary Ann McLear was another tenant , calling her farm "The Willow". Graves became a hawker ( called Graves the tinker in George McLear's accounts book), buying merchandise in Melbourne and selling it all over the southern peninsula.George McLear often accompanied Charles and in about 1854 when they called on the Cairns family at Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) one of the blonde boys was complaining, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." In 1859, he bought Monahan's grant, directly over Pt Nepean Rd from the Dromana Drive-In and extending to Boundary Rd. After having it fenced by the Rhymers (after whom a street in Safety Beach is named), he sold it to Mary Ann McLear, his partner in the hawking business.Charles became a shopkeeper at Shoreham and somewhere in my transcriptions of rates, I have a note (completely unrelated to the information I was seeking) that Charles had about 200 acres in that area. There is much detail of the dates and prices re Charles buying and selling the property that became Maryfield in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime Of Dromana". If anyone researching the Graves family cannot borrow the book,let me know in the comments space below, and I'll supply the details.



8 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


No genealogy will be found in this journal. I could not add one detail to that provided by Neil Mansfield in his extraordinary "The David Mansfield Story". See Neil's website.
Much biological information is also provided in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present", in the West Bourke section if my memory serves me correctly, but there is an index at the end. Many libraries will have this work. My intention is to give detail of the various Mansfield properties and tell some of the anecdotes supplied to me by the late Wally Mansfield which inspired poems such as "Death at Bertram's Ford", The Wisdom of Solomon", "The Studebaker" and "Ritchie's Foe."

Wally's anecdote about two Mansfield brothers taking a dispute about boundaries to court and the judge instructing them to shake hands, share a beer and be friends, the subject of the second poem, has been confirmed by a discovery I made today. Everyone would be aware of the judge's name: A'Beckett. The fact that he refused to consider an affidavit about the two brothers discussing the case with a juror indicates that he knew exactly what that discussion was about. The fine imposed, a trifling shilling, shows that the jury was well aware that the brothers had shaken hands, shared a beer and become friends. See column 4 of page 5 of The Argus of 20-11-1890 to find out the brothers' names.
As Joseph Dubois has just returned my material, I can reproduce the poem inspired by this court case.
The Mansfields' dividing fence
Provoked ill-feeling quite immmense .

John and David took the case to court;
A legal solution the two men sought.
With unclear surveys the judge couldn't decide,
So he called the wrangling brothers aside.

"The law can give no answer I fear,
So go, shake hands and share a beer!"
This stern advice removed their hates,
And from that day on, they were the best of mates.

The Studebaker is about the bachelor McNab brothers buying a car, and with a hint of "Mulga Bill's Bicycle", Wally Mansfield learning to drive the beast, which had the gear lever on the right hand running board. They were driven to Ascot Vale each day of the show but as soon as it concluded, Wally would put it up on blocks and cover it. The brothers would pick up a churn from Hogan's dairy at Queen St (Melway 28 E1) on horseback rather than use the horseless carriage! "Ritchie's Foe" is on Neil's website. The Studebaker poem will be included in the McNAB and GRANT journal.

Mansfields Rd at Melway 4 E3 bisected the Mansfield property; land on both sides of the road had been bought by John Pascoe Fawkner on behalf of his Co-operative and divided into 80 blocks, most of which passed into the ownership of the Mansfield family. Some of the early purchasers of interest were Donald Gray, William Trotman, William Spiers, D.Hill and of course, Samuel, John and Isaac Mansfield. (All of these details come from my 1999 Melway on which I transposed the subdivision lots.)

William Trotman's family became prominent Greenvale pioneers, Peter Spiers, by 1900, had (100 acres?) further east(5 C7), later occupied by Vaughan, and from 1927 by Bill Ellis until it was acquired for the airport.J.Spiers may have had this property in 1868. but I cannot be certain. Charles Nash was another purchaser. His lots 32 and 31 were, in 1999, the Broadacres Kennels and Cattery. Olive Nash, the widow of Harry Nash, told me that they used this paddock to spell their dry cows.

Somehow, I manage to delete the details about the blocks bought by Donald Gray and the other purchasers of interest named above, so here goes again. There were big blocks stretching from Mansfields Rd to Bassett Rd. I had earlier stated that these blocks were of 15 acres but I now believe that they were 20 acres; Charles Nash had two smaller blocks and he definitely had 20 acres in all Bulla Rate records transcribed.

repeat information gray's hill etc

I must mention two notes that I have made on map 3 of my 1999 Melway, obviously during one of the lengthy discussions st Keith McNab's kitchen table.

The first concerns a half sized block fronting McNabs Rd between Bassett Rd and the bottom of Melway 4G5, lot 63 bought by John Mansfield. A small square in the north west corner of this block is etched and nearby, in the nearest blank space, I have written, "The Pines, fire 1912, well." Soon after, John had leased 205 acres to Alf Wright (Bulla rates 1914-15) and moved onto Grandview (Broadmeadows rates-1920?)which was part of Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint, so the etched square probably does represent a homestead on "The Pines". I CANNOT FIND A REFERENCE TO THE FIRE IN TROVE BUT I THINK I CAN REMEMBER AN ENTRY IN SAM MERRIFIELD'S "ANNALS OF ESSENDON".

The second bit of scribble is Farnes' Corner at the corner of McNabs Rd and Mansfields Rd. Charles Farnes was a Bulla ratepayer and I believe that he would have had the property, adjoining Gowrie Park, later occupied by J.D.McFarlane, Keilor and Arundel Closer Settlement pioneer and councillor (to whom the gates at the Keilor sports ground were dedicated), and Butler, from whom it was purchased for the airport if I remember the map correctly.

As detailed in Neil's book, David inherited Isaac's property. His house "Roseleigh" still stands on the south side of Mansfields Rd.During the late 1880's a railway to Bulla was proposed. The two suggested routes were along the east bank of the Maribyrnong River and along Bulla Rd. The Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company bought much land along the first route and G.W.Taylor, a Prahran councillor,Tommy Bent and Marks Herman bought much land along Bulla Rd. By bought, I mean they paid a deposit and made progress payments. By 1892, these speculators would have handed over a considerable amount of money. Of course they had borrowed to make these payments. Then the boom burst. Banks closed. The Government was broke and a decade or more of cost-cutting measures started; as late as 1905 there were moves to close the Rye school and make its pupils walk to Rosebud. In such a climate, Tommy Bent's grand plans to extend the railway network were shelved; luckily for his mate Henry Gomm, the Somerville Station (inexplicably located right next to his "Glenhoya") was already operating.

Strangely the railway plans were revived after the Great War. Tullamarine and Keilor squabbled about
the route to Bulla and the 1919-20 Flinders Shire rates show that there was a Railway Estate at Dromana. And once again the plans were halted by a depression, that of the 1930's.This is the sort of thing that Michael Cannon's "Boom and Bust" is about. I think he discusses G.W.Taylor at some length.

However, back to the 1890's. Naturally, the speculators could not complete their payments so the farmers pocketed the money that had been paid as well as regaining their properties. David Mansfield and the Crottys of
"Broomfield used their windfalls to build new houses, the former almost on the course of the western end of the runway, and the Crottys on the Honda site in Sharps Rd, Tullamarine. David called his new house Glen Alice.After David's death, one son was given Roseleigh and the other Glenalice. The boundary between them was a little north of Mansfields Rd.

The Mansfields were related by marriage to a great number of pioneering families in Bulla, Tullamarine and Greenvale. David Mansfield's wife was a member of the Faithfull family, pioneers of Tullamarine Island. They will be discussed in my journal about TULLAMARINE ISLAND.Just to give you some idea of the connections, I will list some of the names mentioned in Neil's book: JOHNSON, MUSGROVE, WRIGHT, BETHELL, FAITHFULL, PARR, McRAE, TENNIEL, MILLAR and TROTMAN. The Johnsons, Greenvale pioneers, were associated with Glendewar, Cumberland (photo of the beautiful homestead in the book)and Spring Park in Keilor Rd. According to Bob Blackwell, James Musgrove was a famed implements manufacturer who was also a pioneer of photography and set up his own telephone; he insisted on being called James, not Jim. The Wrights, Parrs and Nash families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church. Willam Bethell ran the bluestone store at Bulla and his brother was a storekeeper at Broadmeadows (Westmeadows.) Farquhar McRae, in charge of the hunters at Glenara, organised the first event of the Oaklands Hunt Club in 1888. The Millars took over John McKerchar's Greenvale" and renamed it "The Elms". Family members also moved to Tullamarine in the early 1900's, occupying the Junction Hotel (711 site in 2011) and Maggie Millar married Ray Loft, son of Tom who also came from Greenvale. When Ray subdivided "Broombank" in 1952, he called its drive from Bulla Rd Millar Rd. Maggie came to the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, organised by myself and Winnie Lewis (nee Parr). James Tenniel ran the Beech Tree Hotel. See the "Hotels near Tullamarine" journal.
The Mansfields shared two things at least with the great man, and their neighbour, Alister Clark. Firstly the Box Forest on the airport. Secondly Armistace Day. On that happy day, Wally Mansfield and a couple of other youngsters walked around Tullamarine banging pots and pans to announce the glad tidings. When they reached "Glenara", Alister, regarded almost as Royalty by most Tullamarine residents (such as Lily Green who said that the highlight of her time at the former Junction Hotel was serving Alister at the pump and shop) , invited the boys into the ballroom for lemonade and biscuits.

Being open woodland, reasonably flat,largely devoid of the rocks that made the parish of Maribyrnong unsuitable for agriculture (William Taylor, James Robertson of Upper Keilor and Big Clarke who owned much of it, were graziers) and with just the right rainfall, Tullamarine was ideal for production of yesteryear's petrol, hay.
Wheat had been tried in the 1850's and a flour mill was even built on "Lochton" (Melway 176 C4) in 1856 by Bain, but wheat growing was not successful. Hay growing was not the only farming activity by any means. On "Arundel", Edward Wilson had his model farm and later Robert McDougall was a foremost Shorthorn breeder, the Grants and McNabs were the original Ayrshire breeders, with Tasmania's herds stocked from their studs and later, to a lesser extent, those of Buchanan from Berwick. The Mansfields and John Cock bred Clydesdales (yesteryear's tractors!)The Crottys were dairy farmers for almost 100 years. Some portions of farms were of course used for grazing, supplying milk, cheese, cream, fruit and vegetables for the table and so on but the chief source of income was hay. During Michael Reddan's three year stint on James Sharp's "Hillside" (later Joe Thomas's Carinya Park and the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club), the sheaves of hay were so thick on the ground that it was almost impossible to walk between them.

By the end of the 1930's, the common people were able to own cars and the market for hay virtually disappeared. Pig farming became more common. Harry Heaps'parents had started this trend in 1923 on Sunnyside, Wallis Wright's old property on the west side of Wright St near the Moonee Ponds Creek and, from 1927, Bill Ellis engaged in porky production on "Ecclesfield" on the south west corner of Bulla Rd and Grants Lane (part of which has been renamed Melrose Drive.) By the end of the war, they had been joined by other pig farmers such as Lacey (west of Harry Nash's Bayview) and the Paynes on "Scone" (with a long o as in the sacred coronation site in Scotland)which now houses the Melbourne Airport terminal buildings.

Thus it was that the Mansfields left Tullamarine in the 1940's.
I was told of the incident in the following poem by Wally Mansfield, but also, and quite independently, by Gordon Connor and Colin Williams, the latter present at S.S.2613 on the Conders Lane (Link Rd) corner the next morning when Miss Rowe informed him and the other pupils about the tragedy.
They were leading a horse that they'd sold to McRae
Who lived near St Albans, over Keilor way;
Will Mansfield was driving, his son sitting near;
Stephen Hill,leading the horse, sat in the rear.

Will Mansfield and Stephen were mates at the school,
Spent their free time together as a general rule,
So Will's dad let him come on the trip o'er the river;
But his wife wasn't happy and spoke with a quiver.

With a look at the sky and the storm clouds that loomed
She pleaded, "Bill, don't go now or you'll all be doomed!"
But he reassured her as they clambered on board,
"I've been through deeper water than you get at Bertram's Ford."

Halfway there the sun vanished- came a curious silence-
Then the sky opened up with murderous violence;
The clouds, basalt black,turned day into night
As the three reached Arundel and turned to the right.

"Young Hilly, don't wind that rein round your arm;"
His friend's father said, "'twill bring you to harm!"
Then they ceased their descent, to the right they curved;
The roar of river the horses un-nerved.

But Bill urged them on and into the current;
Soon a horse lost its footing, so swift was the torrent
And the jinker was swept like a leaf in a gale;
Mansfield grabbed for his son who had started to wail.

By lightning above, the ghoulish scene shown,
The three from the overturned jinker were thrown.
Sounds of whinnies and screaming and, "Where are you son?"
And the Grim Reaper's harvest had already begun.

While the Mansfield lad to the murky depths sank
The towed horse's reins reins dragged his mate to the bank.
The father, now desperate, with a weakening yelp
Gasped, "Stevie, please Stevie, go and get help!"

At first, due to shock, comprehension he lacked
But his friend's father's plea soon made him react;
He mounted and thundered away up the slope,
And Bill dived again; he'd ne'er give up hope.

With the last of his strength, Mansfield surfaced again:
That would have been it- for lesser men.
But for Bill Mansfield, that would not suffice;
His son was worth any sacrifice.

By the time that help came it was far too late;
The son and the father had shared the same fate.
Miss Rowe and her pupils on the morrow
Would share the grieving widow's sorrow.

Note: the father's name was given to me by two informants as John, and while he may have been known by his second name, I have substituted Bill to conform with the name used in newspaper reports of the inquest. The brother's names have also been changed in "The Wisdom of Solomon" for the same reason. My apologies to the writers of "The Night Before Christmas" and "The Ballad of The Drover" for the leaf in a gale and never give up references.