itellya on Family Tree Circles

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Collection Holder Interviews - John Nieuwesteeg (Garden ...

R. "Mrs. Maude Alston" was renamed to R. "Mrs. Alston's Rose" after Tid Alston informed us that had Alister named* the rose, he would have called it "Mrs. Tom Alston" and not "Mrs. Maude Alston" (reflecting protocols of his time). From Alston's came R. "Mrs. Harold Alston", a climber with flowers, much like R. "Sunny South" but with more petals and a bit larger. R. "Countess of Stradbroke" came from Tom Garnett's Garden of St. Erth in Blackwood, Victoria.

*This rose must have been developed shortly before Alister's death. It seems to have been named in 1938 (see foot of journal.)

N.B.The above article claims that Alister Clark had been a neighbour of the Alstons. This indicates that section 10, Bulla Bulla (now occupied by Balbethan- Melway 384 K11- and a quarry) and named Dunalister by Walter Clark after his son,Alister, had not been sold as part of the Glenara Estate, confirming a claim made in a City of Hume heritage Study (titled Balbethan,I think.) However the property was obviously occupied by others,according to the study. Thomas Alston, whose wife was obviously Maude, owned 1000 acres including the 640 acre Oaklands (Melway 385 B9) between Dunalister and Craigieburn Rd; the remaining 360 acres was probably to the east in the parish of Yuroke. Another rose was probably named after members of another local family,the Guthries, who were pioneers near Arundel Rd, Tullamarine then near Emu Creek and the Sunbury-Lancefield road.

Alister Clark fell in love with flowers as a youth when attending the Chelsea Flower Show in London. After he inherited Glenara near Bulla Village he planted roses galore and with the help of his gardener, William Peers, developed and nurtured many new strains of roses (and I think,daffodils as well.

In a recent issue of The Blackwood Times, Blackwood historian,Margot Hitchcock, wrote an article about Matthew Rogers, the first or early owner of the land on which the Garden of St Erth was developed. Matthew, whose huge angel-topped monument is easily the most prominent in the Blackwood cemetery, was born in St Erth, Cornwall.
The same issue (and article?),probably Oct-Nov 2014,discussed the Garnett family's tenure at the Garden of St Erth.

The following website unfortunately does not indicate when the Diggers' Club was established but informs readers that weddings cannot be conducted at the the Club's other base.

St Erth - The Diggers Club
A wonderful garden featuring fruit trees, an espalier orchard, heirloom vegetables , perennials, daffodils, ... History. In 1854 Matthew Rogers, a Cornish stonemason, left Sydney in pursuit of gold discovered near Mount Blackwood in Victoria.

Weddings at St Erth
Enjoy the tranquil surrounds of the beautiful Garden of St Erth for a wedding to remember. Select your back-drop from our garden settings or historic St Erth cottage. Begin your day in a picturesque garden setting for your ceremony and photography. Follow with some light canapés and drinks in the garden surrounds and complete your occasion with a lovely reception in our new function room. Our menus utilise seasonal, regional produce from our gardens and the region.

Please note that we are not able to hold wedding functions at Heronswood in Dromana.

Margot Hitchcock will now be able to boast that Blackwood has contributed to the Alister Clark Rose Garden at Bulla! A small world isn't it! Another gem for Margot is that Tom Garnett had been writing a history of Alister and his roses.This is also from the interviews website at the start of the journal.

JOHN: Well, the revival of interest in Australia of Alister Clark ("AC") Roses started for me with Tom Garnett, a former patron of the GPCAA, who sadly passed away on the 22nd September, 2006. Tom was writing the book "Man of Roses - Alister Clark of Glenara and his family" and he suggested to Susan Irvine that somebody should hunt up and collect the Alister Clark Roses, saying that he was too old and she was not! Tom Garnett had been invited by Lady Johnstone to write a book on the life of her uncle, Alister Clark of Glenara. The book had been suggested to her in 1982 by Neil Robertson who was a bookseller at that time. Susan Irvine went to see Mrs. Eve Murray of "Langley Vale" in Kyneton, Miss Tid Alston of "Oaklands" at Oaklands Junction (the Alstons were neighbours of AC) and she also went to Glenara, AC's old property in Bulla, Victoria. From these three properties, Susan started the original Alister Clark Rose Collection... this must have been around 1983. As none of the roses at "Glenara" were named, a lot of mistakes were made! In the summer of 1986-1987 Susan Irvine asked me if I would be interested in budding and grafting a number of the Clark varieties - they were:

R. "Baxter Beauty" (Apricot sport of R. "Lorraine Lee")
R. "Borderer" (P. cop.amb., Poly. 1918, Everbl.)
R. "Cherub" (Salmon P. HT 1923, Cl.)
R. "Daydream" (Blush P, 1924, Cl.)
R. "Diana Allen" (P. 1939 Dwarf, Bed)
R. "Doris Downes" (P. HT 1932, Hedge)
R. "Ella Guthrie" (P. HT 1937, Scent. Everbl.)
R. "Glenara" (Rosy-P. 1952),
R. "Jessie Clark" (P. Single, Cl. 1915 Early)
R. âKitty Kininmonthâ (Carmine rose, HT 1922, Early cl.)
R. "Lady Huntingfield" (Golden, HT 1937, Everbl.)
R. "Marjorie Palmer" (Rose, 1936, Everbl.)
R. "Mrs. Maud Alston", R. "Restless" (Red, 1938)
R. "Ringlet" (P. white centre, 1922)
R. "Sunny South" (P. 1918, Everbl. Hedge)
R. "A.C. Cream",
R. "Pink Flori"
R. "Super Pink" (not the real names for the last three).


N.B. Sydney Jim is a real mystery. The name indicates that he was from Sydney but the lack of a surname indicates that he may have been aboriginal. Angela Evans said that he was a half caste but no proof has been found. If Angela was correct, how would a half caste who obviously came from Sydney have ended up in Victoria? My theory is that his father was one of John Batman's dusky friends that he took to Van Dieman's Land and later to the Port Phillip District to help in negotiating his well-meaning treaty.

I had earlier assumed that Sydney Jim was a mounted trooper but Bezza's suspicion that mounted constable 245 was George Couser proved to be correct.

State of Victoria Early Postal Cancels (and History) Illustrated


Post Office opened in June 1855.

When the village of Broadmeadows, on the banks of the Moonee Ponds Creek, was proclaimed in February 1850, the naming may have had a lot to do with the Scotsmen in the region - there is a Broadmeadows near Selkirk - and a large number of the original purchasers of land in the April and August sales were also Scots including J.H.Ardlie*, and one John Bryan who tried unsuccessfully for the next three years to get his pub licensed.
(*John Martin Ardlie)

Churches had more luck; by the time there was a licensed hotel in town there were three places of worship
- Anglican from 1850 (although attendances were generally poor), Catholic from 1851 (they did a bit better), and Free Presbyterian also in 1851 (which did a roaring trade).

"The settlers....complain much of the want of a bridge across the Moonee Ponds....At present no direct
communication can be effected....and much inconvenience is the consequence. There is a Flour Mill at Campbellfield, and there is an abundance of wheat at Broadmeadows, but the wheat can no more get to the
Mill than the Mill to the wheat, which entails on the former the cost of further cartage, and on the Mill-owner
the loss of custom." In 1852 a subscription was raised to build a bridge, and soon Messrs Barber & Low's Flour
Mill was getting plenty of custom.

The village picked up quite an amount of passing trade from travellers heading north in their quest for gold, and from at least the middle of 1854 there was a loose-bag mail service to the Broadmeadows Hotel from the
contractor who delivered to Bulla and beyond. As was shown with the Bulla Post Office, deliveries ceased
when the Mail Contractor was killed toward the end of 1854, and it took six months before the department
could find someone else to fill the position, when Thomas Chadwick, mine host of the Broadmeadows Hotel, and John Bethell, Esq., got their pockets together and employed a bloke on the twice-weekly run from the
beginning of June 1855.

The local surgeon, George Smith Harris, got the nod as Broadmeadow's first official postmaster a couple of
weeks later. He continued as both postmaster and Deputy Registrar until his finances went belly-up toward
the end of 1857, and he resigned both positions. Sarah Cullen took over the postal duties for 12 months before
John Bethell became Postmaster. Our Mr. Bethell was a busy lad; he was heavily involved in local politics and
took an active interest in the formation of the Broadmeadows Road District which was proclaimed at the end of November 1857.

John Bethell was Postmaster for only 12 months, and then it appears the post office wandered around the town, generally finding a home with whoever happened to be the Deputy Registrar at the time, until it landed at
George and Mary Couser's store in 1873. George had first turned up in Broadmeadows as a Mounted Constable about 1860, liking the area enough to raise a family there and become interested in the local politics of
the place.

The Post Office remained with the Couser family into the 20th century; not an exceptionally arduous job because
the Broadmeadows Shire was mostly small farm holdings until the 1950s. (etc)

Hi XXX, it has been said that there is an aboriginal buried in the (WILL WILL ROOK) cemetery, the nearest I have come to possibly being one is a Sydney Jim d 1864 Bulla b NSW informant is George Couser then it looks like underneath his name, "M.Cons 245 Broadmeadows" the death was registered in Bulla & Tullamarine by Samuel Lazarus, parents unknown consumption a few hours not certified or a medical attendant... Did you ever find that George was also a policeman??

No. George was the storekeeper/postmaster in Broady Township for yonks and was an electoral/ births and deaths registrar for Broadmeadows and Bulla for much of that time,but not in 1864 when the electoral registrars were William Bethell (Bulla), John Bethell (Broadmeadows) and James Hendry (Tullamarine.) John Bethell returned to England, possibly in 1864 and was obviously replaced by George Couser.

I Hereby notify that GENERAL LISTS for the Broadmeadows Division of East Bourke District and South Province are PRINTED, and ready for INSPECTION at my office up to the 18th October, 1865. George Couser, Electoral registrar, Broadmeadows. (P. 2s, Argus, 4-10-1865.)

Samuel Lazarus, who registered the death was the second teacher, after John Cassidy, at the Seafield National School in Tullamarine,according to the Historic site assessment below,which quoted my journals extensively (although itellya did not exist until 2011) and has so many mistakes that I'll have to write a journal to correct them. The school was at Melway 4 about halfway down the boundary between J6 and K6. Lazarus was at the Seafield school by 1859 until 1866 (at least) as shown by birth and death notices (below.) He resigned as registrar and was replaced in May 1868.

Samuel must have been teaching at Bulla in 1855 when he was appointed as a registrar because the Seafield and Tullamarine Island schools did not open until 1859.(P.10 Tullamarine Before The Jetport.)

Wm.Hastings, for the district of Bulla, vice (in the place of) S.Lazarus, resigned;
(P. 7, Argus, 9-5-1868.)

-The Governor has appointed the undermentioned gentlemen to be deputy-registrars ,of births and deaths:-Dr. Andrew Plummer, for the district of Emerald Hill and Sandridge ; Mr. W. Latham, district of Yan Yean ; Mr. Samuel Lazaras, district of Bulla, vice Mr. Latham, resigned. (P.7, Argus, 24-10-1855.)

It is possible that Fanny,whom Lazarus had married, was John Cassidy's sister. (see marriage notice below.) If I remember correctly, a Bulla Shire Secretary ran off with Cassidy's wife (and a heap of money!) See the CASSIDY entry in my BULLA DICTIONARY HISTORY journal.

On the 25th ult., at the house of Mr Boreham,Campbellfield, by the Rev. P. Gunn, Samuel Lazarus,Esq., Master of the Deep Creek Schools, Bulla, son of J. G. Lazarus, Esq., of Liverpool, to Fanny, youngest daughter of the late Captain F. Cassidy, of H. M. 60th Regiment. Liverpool and Derby papers, please copy.
( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 5 January 1859 p 4 Family Notices)

On the 10th inst., at Seafield National School, Tullamarine, the wife of Mr. S. Lazarus, of a daughter. (P.5 Argus, 14-11-1859.)

LAZARUS. -On the 6th inst., at Seafield, Tullamarine,the wife of Mr. S. Lazarus of a daughter.
(P. 4, Argus, 11-6-1866.)

ADDEY-WILSON--LAZARUS. -On the 13th ult., at All Saints Church of England, Northcote, by the Rev. C. P. Thomas, George, second son of G. Addey-Wilson, Esq. of Gippsland, late of Moonee Ponds, to Elizabeth Henrietta, younger daughter of Samuel Lazarus, Esq., of Hatherlie, Clifton Hill, and granddaughter of the late Captain Frank Duff Cassidy, of H. M. 60th Rifles, formerly private secretary, Castlereagh Ministry. (P.1 Argus,3-2-1891.)

Historic Sites Assessment - Department of the Environment
May 2, 2014 - The Tullamarine area was settled early in Melbourne's history with ...... The first teacher was J. Cassidy followed by Samuel and Fanny Lazarus ...


While consulting Doutta Galla parish maps to find when John Aitken had been granted section 8,I found one map with a large area of land outlined that only Dorothy Minkhoff and I would understand. Dorothy wrote the history of Ave Maria College in West Essendon which has Clydebank, the mansion of Ramsay (the inventor of Kiwi shoe polish) on its grounds. In her book, Dorothy discussed C.B.Fisher's vast land acquisitions in the above modern suburbs.

Although it is probably 20 years since I read Dorothy's book,the mere sight of the map had her words tumbling out of the hidden recesses of my brain. A precise match! You will notice that Hurtle St (named after the older brother of, as MARIBYRNONG:ACTION IN TRANQUILITY puts it,the father of the Australian turf)runs the precise length of the Ascot Wale West land.

Thought I'd share our secret. The map, described below, has 29 in bold type in the top left corner and 94 in red ink in the top right corner.

Doutta Galla, County of Bourke [cartographic material].
Melbourne : Photo-lithographed at the Department of Lands and Survey ... by J. Noone, - Parish maps of Victoria. 1882 English Map; Single map 1 & Online


James and Janet Cairns (nee Cunningham) lived in Stirlingshire, Scotland. Stirlingshire is south of the river Forth and east of Loch Lomond. Some local names appearing on papers held by members of the family who made the trip to Australia, are Clackmannon (sic), Blairbogie, Alva and Menstrey(sic?).

Three sons of James and Janet Cairns, Robert, David and Alexander and a daughter Elizabeth, all came to Victoria and eventually settled at Boneo.

When James wife Janet died in Scotland he remarried. His second wife was a woman of some wealth. Together they reared a second family who were step-brothers to Robert, David, Alexander and Elizabeth. Members of the second family also came out to Australia in the 1850's. In Scotland they owned the "Carron" Timber Mills and also ships of their own. They brought with them prefabricated houses, one of which was to be erected ready to accommodate Robert and Mary Cairns on their arrival in Melbourne.

...with their three sons, James 3,John 2, and Robert, an infant, sailed from Scotland, via Liverpool,on the sailing ship,"Europa", 1088 tons, under its Master, Hamilton Oliver, on the 17th June 1852. They arrived in Melbourne on 15th September of the same year.

....Robert's age is shown as 36 years and Mary's 35. No reason can be given for the advancement of the ages, but they do show a discrepancy with those recorded later on the death certificates. It is generally accepted by the descendants that the ages shown on the death certificates are more accurate.

.......On the arrival of the "Europa" at Port Phillip Heads, Robert Cairns found the ship bringing his step brothers, and their prefabricated houses, delayed just inside the Heads. After an exchange of greetings, the "Europa" proceeded on to Port Melbourne.

The delay to Robert's step brothers was only short term and they were soon reunited at Port Melbourne. Robert stayed on in Melbourne and assisted with the location and erection of the prefabricated houses in Prahran.

Robert's step brothers are said to have settled at Port Melbourne, establishing the Carron Timber Mill, which in later years became Sharp's Timber Co.

Elizabeth's death certificate shows that she was indeed the sister of Robert, David and Alexander Cairns. The curious thing is that she was born in 1814 and that Alexander was born in 1827. If Janet died during or soon after Alexander's birth, the first of the step brothers would have been born in 1828, making him only 24 or so on his arrival in Port Phillip Bay in 1852.

The reason for the delay inside the heads would have been a very thorough inspection by officials from the quarantine station which had been hastily transferred from Elwood in 1852 after the arrival of the fever ship (Ticondera?) Perhaps some passengers from the step-brothers' ship were infected and had to be taken ashore to the tents awaiting them on shore, no buildings having yet been erected.

As Elizabeth was born in 1814, the ages on the shipping list may have been the correct ones, not the ones given on death certificates. In 1852, Robert's age was given as 36 and Mary's as 35. In 1854, David's age was stated as 40 and his wife's as 36; Alex was said to be 35 and his wife 30.

The approximate birth year of each, as indicated by the shipping list, is given for each below, followed in brackets by the details supplied at the end of the book.
David Cairns c.1814(1821-1870.) Janet,nee Thompson c.1818 (1818-1880.)
Robert Cairns c.1816 (1820-1884.) Mary, nee Drysdale c.1817 (1828-1901.)
Alexander Cairns c.1819 (1827-1911.) Janet, nee Dalgleish c.1824 (1827-1898.)

Oliver and Sarah Wilson's ages were falsified on the passenger lists so they could qualify as bounty (assisted) passengers and Back Yard Bob's opponent in the shovel trouble at Rosebud, Robert Henry Adams, falsified the date of his father's marriage on his own wedding certificate so gentlewoman, Miss Hopcraft,would not discover that he was a b-st-rd. However the Cairns families were unassisted passengers and had no reason to lie.

To check the possibility of the shipping records being right,let's examine the age (based on the shipping records) of each wife at the birth of their last child:
David's Janet, (Rosebud Ted 1865), 47; Robert's Mary (Mary 1872), 55; Alexander's Janet(Walter 1870), 46.
To have a child at these ages would be most unusual today but these women would have been very healthy and would have had the birthing business down to a fine art after the previous 11, 10 and 9 (respectively) births.

Let's examine the ages of the husbands in the year of the birth of their first child. (Shipping list/Death Cert.)
David (James 1840)26/19; Robert (James 1848)32/28; Alex (James 1850)31/23.
David's details present the best case for preferring the shipping list ages.

ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Menstrey, Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.

(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common from Rosebud/Boneo to the Heads. Slab huts were more likely to be built in forest areas, and much of the Arthurs Seat timber disappeared for piers,sleepers, firewood etc so some limestone houses may have been built further east for want of timber. Slab buildings were not a sign of lower financial status, the McCrae Homestead being a good example.)

Robert, David and Alexander shared Little Scotland on the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd until in 1870, Alexander moved to his grant on the north west corner.Colin McLear recalled a visit to Little Scotland made by George McLear, accompanying his mother's business partner, hawker, Charles Graves (who sold Marysfield to her in 1860 to become a Shoreham storekeeper with over 300 acres in the parish of Flinders.) One of the flock of snowy-haired children complained,"Ae Cannae crruck a whee whup yet!" (P.98, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Robert did later select some land in the parish of Fingal, 198 acres on the east side of Boneo Rd, in July 1871 and on it built Maroolaba in 1873.Give location details from later!!!

Robert and Mary's children were:
1. JAMES ,1848-1914, married Emily Hynes, buried Macclesfield; he and brothers contracted to Victorian Railways at Camperdown and then near Murchison. Erected a theatre in Queenstown, Tas. C.1895. Issue:Robert, Alan,Donald, Charles, Herbert and Alice.
2. JOHN, 1850-1914, married Mary Russell, buried Rye. Issue:Robert and Charles.
3. ROBERT, 1852-1920, buried Rye.
4. MARGARET, 1854-1920, buried Rye. Married William Patterson in 1880 after Christina (Davids 6th) had died. Issue: William Jnr. who married Rosebud Ted's daughter Ruby.
5. DAVID, 1856-7, buried Boneo.
6. ALEX, 1859-1930, married Suzanne Lawson, buried Tasmania. Issue: Jean.
7. CHARLES, 1862-1889, buried Boneo.
8. DAVID, 1863-1930, buried Rye.
9. JANET, 1865-1934, married Robert Wilson, buried Rye. Issue:Mary, Frank, Madge.
10. HENRY, 1867-1948, married Mary Agnes Cain (daughter of Michael), buried Rye. HILL HARRY. Inherited Maroolaba. Issue:Charles, Raymond (made one more century!), Harry.
12. MARY, 1872-1914, buried Rye.

ALEXANDER CAIRNS (1827-1911) was married in Scotland to JANET DALGLEISH (1827-1898.) Both were buried at Rye. Janet's maiden name is recalled by Dalgleish St (Melway 170A2) on crown allotment 13, section A, Wannaeue, purchased in the early 1900's by her sons David and William.)
Alexander and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES , born 1850.
2. JOHN, 1852-1951, married Emma Baldry, buried Rye.Issue: Douglas*, Mabel, Reuban (A.I.F.), Beatrice.
3. ALEX, 1854-1912, buried Rye.
4. ROBERT, 1856-1910, buried Rye.
5. JANET, 1859-1909,married William Brent, buried Flinders. Issue:Richard (A.I.F.), Alexander.
6. DAVID, 1861-1935, buried Rye. ELEANORA DAVEY.
7. WILLIAM, 1864-1938, buried Rye.
8. ELIZABETH, 1865-1948, buried Rye.
9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.
10. WALTER, 1870-1956, married Flo Laughton, buried Rye.

DAVID CAIRNS (1821-1870) was married in Scotland to JANET THOMPSON (1819-1880.) Both were buried at Rye.

David and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES, 1840-1929, married Johanna Russell, buried Rye. Rabbit Inspector for the shire. His farm was called Alva Hill. Issue: Arthur, Belle, Lily, Violet, Percy.
2. DAVID, 1842-1923, married Elizabeth Russell, buried Flinders. BLACKS CAMP DAVEY. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal re the 1897 accident and the guest house at Flinders. Issue: David, Edward, James, Archie, Mary*, Jennie, William, Jane Brown, Edith, Christopher Ernest, Bertie, Alice. (* See Cairns V Haddow, P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)
3. JANE BROWN, 1844-1897, buried Dromana. Inherited Little Scotland in 1880; this probably be part of Little Scotland. See rate records in future journal CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL.
4. JOHN, born 1846, married Ada Morgan. Issue: Joseph, Janet, Harry, Charles, James.
5. ROBERT, 1848-1937, married Annie Symonds, buried Dromana. BACK ROAD BOB. See SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD in the future CAIRNS LAND journal. Issue: James, David, George, Godfrey (A.I.F.)
6. CHRISTINA, 1850-1877, William Pattersons first wife, buried Dromana. Issue: James, Janet, Sarah and Christina (Win.)
7. JANET, 1853-1913, married John McLear (b. N.S.W.11-7-1846) on 4-5-1874, buried Dromana. Issue: Janet (Jessie?), Martha 1876, William 1880, George (George Albert 1882), John 1884, (Mary, Jane; actually Mary Jane born in 1886), Jean 1889, Lily 1891, Christopher Henry1893, James 1896.
8. ALEX, born 1856, married Lyndhurst Lizzie.
9. MARY, born 1859, married John Boyd. Issue: Jean, Edith.
10. HENRY, born 1861, married Margaret Haddow, buried Dromana. CARRIER HARRY. Lived at junction of Boneo Rd and the now closed Cape Schanck Rd. Issue: Maude.
11. CHRISTOPHER,1863-1947,married Margaret Russell, buried Rye. Issue: Ethel, Oscar.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.

12. EDWARD, 1865-1943, married Elizabeth Bucher, buried Dromana. ROSEBUD TED. Issue: Ruby (who married William Patterson Jnr.), Roy, Leslie, Ivy.

The family connections with the Hynes, Lawson and Morgan families probably took place outside the Peninsula; please make a comment if you have knowledge to the contrary. The Brent/Laughton/Walter Cairns connection is discussed in my GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. The reasons for the other connections, in terms of farm locations, employment etc. will be discussed in my future journal, CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL, MORNINGTON PENINSULA.
Colin McLear gives much genealogical detail in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. John McLear (1846-1918) who married David and Janets 7th child, Janet, was one of three professional fishermen at Dromana, his house being next to the Dromana Hotel. (See my journal PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST, DROMANA.) From Colins information, I have inserted the year of birth of each of John and Janets children. (Above.) Alex, son of David, probably took up a selection on the Carrum Swamp in the parish of Lyndhurst (north of Seaford Road) which would explain why the family called his wife Lyndhurst Lizzie.

WELL, THAT WAS QUICK! Lizzie was Eliza!
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 October 1936 p 11 Article
... Eliza Cairns, aged 70 years, of Lyndhurst, widow, who claimed £1,601. In an iilllduvlt Mrs. Cairns sold ... Frederick Cairns, of Lyndhurst, farmer, adopted son of the lirst applicant. Ile claimed £300 money had und ... 443 words
Oops! I was a bit hasty there. I think Eliza was the widow of George Cairns, a pioneer of the parish of Lyndhurst, and one of the half brothers of Robert, David and Alexander.

I reckon this is our Alexander.Elizabeth would be Lyndhurst Lizzie and David's 8th child, born in 1856, would have been about 65 years old in 1920.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 January 1920 p 1 Family Notices
... CAIRNS. -On the 19th January, at his residence, Cranbourne road Lyndhurst (late of Wonthaggi), Alexander Henry, the dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Cairns, aged 65 years.

FORGAN (Cairns). - On September 19. at Melbourne, Leslie, loving f0ster-son of the late Elizabeth and Alexander Cairns, and loved brother- of Frederick Cairns. Maggie, Josephine, and Elsie Forgan, late of Lynd- hurst, aged 35 years.

It now seems that Eliza was Elizabeth and the widow of Alexander unless George had one son named Frederick as well.

On 21-9-1881, G.Cairns was granted crown allotment 121 in the parish of Lyndhurst, consisting of 199 acres and 24 perches. (The map may be viewed online by googling "Lyndhurst, County of Mornington".)With so many roads closed, it is difficult to determine its position but it seems to be at Melway 94 A12 with its north east corner at the bend in Springs Drain in 94 A 11, that drain forming its north west boundary and McMahens Rd and Riverbend Rd on the south and west.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 6 months ago


On Saturday I had a lovely meal at the Five Flags Hotel in Campbells Creek after my ma-in-law's ashes had been buried at the cemetery. As I drove through Campbells Creek every school day in 1965-6, I have fond memories apart from the time I copped a broken half window in my old FX going up the hill to the Maine.

There wouldn't have been a FRANKLINFORD REPORTER without the assistance of Ron Champion, H.T. at the C.C. school who kindly let me run off copies on his duplicator. On hot days,I didn't care that the water in the swimming pool had been pumped out of the creek by the fire brigade.

The owner of the Five Flags Hotel was very busy but kindly spared a few moments for a chat.The hotel was established in 1854 with the bar near the car park being the original section.

There are some great photos of the "Creek's" heritage items, details of Ray Bradfield's history etc. available on trove. I also found a picture of the Five Flags Hotel.The reason I started this journal is that the history in wikipedia was as pathetic re Campbells Creek as for most other places. Fancy saying that Campbells Creek was named after a creek! Dur! How did the creek get its name?


STATIONS - Bough Yards

The establishment of the Aboriginal Station not only displaced the Jumcra* run, but took a good portion of Mollison's Bough Yards run. Now effectively separated from the Coliban run by Holecombe and the Protectorate Mollison possibly found Bough Yards an imposition.

In 1840 Alex Kennedy (1801 - 1877) had arrived in the Guildford area. He was related to William Campbell. William Campbell and Donald Cameron had arrived on the "Wm Metcalfe" from Invernesshire in late 1838.

Kennedy and his wife Margaret, and five children arrived aboard the "S Boyne" in January 1839. The Kennedys made their way to Clunes where Donald Cameron had set up his run. Kennedy had selected a run near Newstead whist on route to Clunes. By the time he returned, Norman Simson had established the Charlotte Plains run on the site.

Fortunately, William Campbell had purchased the lease for Bough Yards which was adjacent to his run, Strathloddon. Campbell gave Kennedy the remains of the Bough Yards run and the Kennedys established a homestead on the Loddon River. The homestead was named Bowyards.

The Strathloddon run homestead was near Yapeen. The township of Campbell's creek was named after William Campbell.

SOME SNIPPETS. (From The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
Richard Hills, a storekeeper of Campbells Creek, had become insolvent. (P.6, 18-1-1859.)

On the 25th ult., at Campbell's Creek, Mount Alexander, by the Rev. J. Chene, Isabella Will, eldest daughter of William F. Preshaw, Esq., surgeon, to Mr.John Graham, of Belfast, Ireland.(P.4,3-6-1853.) Dr Preshaw was one of Castlemaine's most prominent citizens.

On the 15th inst., by special license, at the residence of Mrs. McLaughlin, Campbell's Creek, by the Rev. James Low, Mr. Robert Moorhead, store-keeper, to Anne, only surviving daughter of the late James McLaughlln, Esq., Kingston, Ireland.(P.4, 20-11-1854.)

DIED. On the 23rd ult., after a short illness, of rheumatic gout, Mr. Thos. Wightman, of the John o'Groat Hotel,Campbell's Creek, Castlemaine, aged 43 years. (P.4,5-3-1857.)

DIED. On the 26th ult., at his residence, Campbell's Creek, Castlemaine, Mr. William Frederick Wheeler, youngest son of the late Daniel Wheeler, Esq., of Chelmsford,Essex, England, aged twenty-six years.
(P.4, 4-14-1857.)


Baron Von Mueller the famed botanist who,if I remember correctly, designed the Castlemaine Botanical Gardens, organised the planting of trees at the Campbell Creek Reserve.
Mount. Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1914 - 1917) Tuesday 2 February 1915 p 2 Article.)

March 2014.
WELSH-ANNEAR.-On the 31st January, 1919, at
"Redbank," Rusden street, Elsternwick, John
Alexander Welsh (late A.I.F.), eldest son of
Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Welsh, Elwood, to Henrietta,
daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Annear,
"Five Flags," Campbell's Creek.

7 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago


Captain Ardlie is the subject of a newsletter article on the PORT PHILLIP PIONEERS GROUP'S website.The article discusses his attempts to introduce camels to Australia. He was the grantee of land (section 4 allotment 2) in the parish of Tullamarine. This land was to become part of E.E.Dunn's Viewpoint. At the time Ardlie was living there his neighbours would have been Peter McCracken on "Stewarton" (the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park) and Eyre Evans Kenny on "Camp Hill" ( now Gowanbrae.)Streets in Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) were named after Ardlie and Kenny.

The article points out that his address was given as Camelswold in 1847. There is reason to believe that this was the 225 acres at Tullamarine granted to J.M.Ardlie on 31-7-1843. His grant's location is roughly indicated by Melway 5 K12 to 6D12. Ardlie's financial difficulties are discussed in the article and also below.

The following comes from page 36 of Ray Gibb's "Early Landowners:Parish of Tullamarine".
Ardlie mortgaged his 225 acres at Tullamarine on 14-6-1844 for 291 pounds 14 shillings and sixpence and on 14-10-1847 for 300 pounds. He then conveyed it to Daniel Newman on 3-10-1848 for 560 pounds. On the next day, he bought the 65 3/4 acre allotment B of section 22, Doutta Galla from the grantee for 160 pounds. By 1-11-1848, he'd had to deposit the deeds to this new land as security for 157 pounds 10 shillings he owed C.H.Dight for flour. Then on 5-3-1949, Ardlie sold this land to Joseph Hall for 200 pounds and moved away, soon becoming a pioneer of Warrnambool. Page 600 of the Government Gazette of 23-6-1852 shows that J.M.Ardlie was a Clerk of Petty Sessions; he presented the decision of the Justices sitting at Kilmore.
22B Doutta Galla is bounded by Melrose Drive, Caravelle Cres., Vickers Ave and Tasman Ave in Strathmore Heights. (P.117, Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" by Ray Gibb.)

Ardlie's son's biography can be seen in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present".


Arthurs Seat jutted into the bay; a problem this did pose
Until in 1866, Ned Williams cut into Anthony's Nose.
It was sail,wait till the tide was out while you had a rest, or
Climb up to the Cape Schanck road if you wanted to go west.

Peter Pidoto had a craft to fish
But he'd carry anything you'd wish;
Like wood from up near Dromana's peak,
Loading near the mouth of Sheepwash Creek.

Walter Gibson had the mail contract to the Schanck,
Jimmy Williams' and Harry Cairns' cargo stank
But their passengers told them, "Thanks,
Better than the pony owned by Shanks!"

Jimmy sold to Keith McGregor who ran a Ford T van
To Melbourne, which they wanted to ban.
That's when Spencer Jackson came to the fore.
Keith later sold to Billy Adams,his brother-in-law.

The Purves' horses at Tootgarook were well above par
And were driven by Patterson lads to Kirk's Bazaar.
Blacks Camp Davey* drove a cart for Benjie Shaw, draper,
Who later ran Kangerong in the guest house caper.

Bullocks hauled loads for firewood,sleeper and pier
With drags to slow descents by such as George McLear,
While to the west she oak was carted more
To fire the kilns, and bagged lime carted to the shore.

Near Owen Cain's Tyrone, limecraft would come in at high tide
And be propped up with timbers all along each side
So when the water receded, after quite a time,
Carts could come on the hard-packed sand and they could load the lime.

Sorrento's cargo was people back-beach amphitheatre bound;
The summer demand for chaff pleased many farmers around.
The cabbies'horses pulled up the main street hill, manure a-droppin';
Later the steamers were met by the tram brought in by Mr Coppin.

Farmers came from far and wide to keep the tourists fed,
Fruit from such as McIlroy and Vegies from Alf Head;
Mornington too,for another Red Hillite, was worth the ride,
At Sargood's place young Simpson met his bride.



If information is required about Catholic pioneers near Bulla, the place to look is Kathleen Fanning's website about the Fanning family. A "Fanning,Bulla" search brought several results including:

Irish Settlement at Bulla Victoria Australia | Fanning Family ...

It is likely that many of the Irish pioneers had first tried their luck at the diggings. The Daniel family of "Narbonne" near Daniels Rd (Melway 177 K6)hosted many new chums before they set off for the diggings. Mrs Daniel
was a widow and shrewdly explained to her guests that they'd need to build up their muscles by practising the art of digging. "Narbonne " was highly cultivated!

In researching Bulla pioneers,I came across this website, which gives fantastic information about Irish pioneers from Footscray to the Sunbury and Broadmeadows areas (even Portland)BUT HAS A DANGEROUS FLAW.


Many of the Irish diggers, after the alluvial gold had been found, did not have the resources to sink shafts, so they would have trekked towards Melbourne with empty bellies looking for employment. This time,in 1858-9, they were in luck. The Mt Alexander (Castlemaine)and Murray River railway was in construction and the workforce was largely comprised of their countrymen. So they would have found work pushing the line through the parish of Holden (Diggers Rest), Keilor Road Station (Sydenham) and on to Sunbury.

St Augustine's Keilor was started a few years before this time by local Catholics. Connor and Phelan were spirit merchants who received the grant for Spring Park,just east of the A.J.Davis Reserve on Keilor Rd and Connor was also granted much of "Keilor Binn Farm" which was part of the Doutta Galla portion of Keilor Township. Connor bought the rest of this farm but lost it to Hugh Glass by 1868. Keilor publican,Matthew Goudie,later came into possession and when his daughter married John Dodd who became owner,she insisted that it be called "Brimbank".

George Dodd, another trustee of the St Augustine's site, was originally a quarryman so he was well qualified to oversee construction. The related Dodds and Delaheys occupied land between North Pole (Milleara)Road and the river, including the part of today's Brimbank Park south of the E-W high tension power line.

When construction of the railway began, the number of worshippers increased dramatically! This fact has been overlooked in the following article but was emphasised in one of the Keilor centenary souvenirs.

About St Augustine's St Augustine's 150th Anniversary

The history of St Augustine's Catholic Church in Keilor is as old as Keilor itself even older!
St Augustine's Church Keilor 1863-2013.JPG (photo.)
Both Keilor and St Augustine's celebrate their 150th anniversary in 2013; but for the genesis of St Augustine's Church we need to go back even further.

A large proportion of the population in the area now known as Keilor were Irish Catholics, and as they settled down to a life far from their homeland and loved ones, they sought spiritual as well as physical comfort. Thus it was that the first Parish Priest, Father Matthew Downing, came to Keilor in July 1854 to set up the Keilor Mission. Matthew Downing was born in County Kerry in 1810, was ordained in 1837, and spent time in Italy and Ireland before coming to Hobart in January 1849 to serve as a penal chaplain. Much of his time there was spent at the convict prison in Port Arthur. By August 1852 he had moved to Victoria and in November 1852 the goldfields of Ballarat, where he remained until July 1854, when he came to Keilor.

The new Keilor Mission initially took in Flemington, Moonee Ponds, Essendon, Broadmeadows, Keilor, Sunbury, Mickleham and Darraweit Guim, and was then joined by Bulla Bulla in February 1855.

In those days Father Downing celebrated Mass in a number of venues, but it was his vision to build a Church at Keilor in honour of St Augustine, the patron saint of his order. In January 1855, five trustees of the Keilor Church Reserve were approved Father Downing, Bishop James Goold (first bishop of Melbourne), Patrick Phelan, Owen Connor and George Dodd (who became a key person in the development not only of the Church but of the Keilor area in general).

Building work commenced in 1857, with Mr Dodd appointed Foreman of Works.

The bluestone for the Church was quarried locally, but construction was slow, in part due to financial recession in the times, but also due to the lack of labour (as many men were attracted to the goldfields at Ballarat, Bendigo and Castlemaine).

It would take six long years before St Augustine's was finally completed.

By then Father Downing had transferred to Williamstown, to be succeeded by Father Patrick Madden and then Father James Moore. Father Moore was in residence when the Church was finally completed and on Sunday, 15 November 1863 St Augustine's Church was opened and blessed by Bishop Goold.

It was not until I looked at the Crotty entries that I realised why the Register didn't make sense. The columns are headed:

The Crotty entries read:



The flaw is that the father is given the maiden name of the mother. This probably applies to all entries.
The last Crotty entry should read:
CROTTY, Michael Patrick; 17-11-1861; Maurice; Mary (nee McCormack); 6-12-1861; Keilor.

Maurice Crotty worked on the Brannigans' "St John's Hill" at Melway 384 J5 when he came to Australia. The McCormacks had fled Tasmania because they were wanted for smuggling in Catholic priests. They leased a 44 acre farm between the east end of Annandale Rd and an eastern extension of Sharps Rd (the DouttaGalla /Tullamarine parish boundary.) One of the McCormack boys was involved in the hanging of an aborigine at Keilor bridge and fled to Corryong to escape reprisal. His sister, Mary, who had married Maurice Crotty and moved onto The Springs,just across Fosters Rd(now Keilor Park Drive)in 1860 knew of a revenge plan so she made haste to Corryong and, bravely placing her body between her brother and the aborigines,persuaded them to spare his life.
(SOURCES: VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS, Joe Crotty and his nephew, Glenn (Cotchen?), Mary Crotty's diary.)
See my FOSTER, SHARP, CROTTY journal for further details.

Although the Brannigans and Maurice Crotty probably attended Mass as "Narbonne",it is likely that this did not occur every week and that Maurice Crotty and Mary McCormack had first met at St Augustines.

the surname of the father is the same as that of the child and the surname following the father's given name is actually the mother's maiden name.

1 comment(s), latest 4 months, 3 weeks ago


The Dryden family pioneered the area near Hanging Rock before Tom Wills thought of the game that became known as Aussie Rules. When surveys had been completed, leases on squatting runs were cancelled, and as with most pioneering families, the next generation sought opportunities elsewhere.

Bill Dryden had been a champion footballer with the Kyneton Football Club. Unfortunately Rosalind Peatey did not explain how Bill came to meet Mary Peatey. Mary, born in 1890 in Gippsland, was the eldest daughter of Jack and Mary Peatey, who returned to Rosebud in 1894 and established their produce business on "Beachside" on the east side of Peatey's Creek.

When Bill was killed, the elder of his boys, Jim and Bill, was six years old so it can be assumed that they had married by 1926,
three years before the Rosebud Football Club played its first season.

Whatever job Bill had worked at probably disappeared soon after the 1930's depression started and he was probably offered a job at the Seaford sandpits if he played for Seaford. Another inducement may have been that his brother, E. (Edward?) Dryden,was living in the backblocks of Seaford and also starring for the team.

Just before the tragedy, he'd been offered a job at Tom Maw's sand pit at Rosebud. Bill stepped onto a wheel to get off the tray of the truck just as it started reversing and was crushed by the truck.

ROSEBUD v. RED HILL. Red Hill turned out in full force last Saturday when their team visited Rosebud and were rewarded by a win. Both sides were very anxious to win this match, particularly Rosebud, who had their previous beating by Red Hill to repay. However, after quite the best game that has been played in Rosebud this season, Red Hill won by two points - a very unfortunate state of affairs for Rosebud. A large crowd of Rosebud supporters watched the match and the excitement was intense.
Dryden, Anderson and Wong Bros. showed up well for Rosebud; H.Liversidge was handicapped by his fingers being still tied and not yet right.The final scores were Red Hill 9.5; Rosebud 7.14. Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 27 July 1929 p 7 Article

SEAFORD OBITUARY . Regret was expressed on the Peninsula, last Saturday when it was learned that Mr. W. Dryden had met his death by accident at Rosebud. The deceased was a well-known footballer around the district, having played with the Rosebud team a year or two ago, and last year captained the Seaford club. He had just recently left Seaford to accept employment at Rosebud. He leaves a widow and two young children. Deepest sympathy is extended to his parents, widow and children. SEAFORD OBITUARY
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 25 November 1933 p 4 Article.


As family names mentioned in this journal will be too numerous to fit into the surname list, they will be listed alphabetically here and followed by the year or other heading under which they appear, such as APHOK (A POTTED HISTORY OF KEILOR) so that researchers can quickly locate the reference and ascertain if it pertains to the family they are seeking. A year or heading followed by C indicates that the name appears in my Comment about an article under that year. Unless there is a special reason, Batman, Fawkner,Hume, Hovell etc will not be included in the index. e.g.

About the only items that I think need to be added to the following excellent broad overview of Keilor's history are the township, grazing, closer settlement and the Spanish invasion.


(3036, 17 km NW, Brimbank City, Hume City, Moonee Valley City)
Gazetted as a township in 1850 Keilor had a Roads Board in 1863 before becoming a shire in 1871 and a city in 1961. Some of the earliest Aboriginal artefacts in Victoria were discovered at the Keilor archaeological area. The first European explorer, New South Wales Surveyor-General Grimes, passed through the area in 1803, followed by Hume and Hovell in 1824, and John Batman in 1835. Settlers arrived in the late 1830s and 1840s, one of whom, Mr Watson, is said to have given the district the name of his father's cattle-breeding property or a rivulet in Forfarshire, Scotland, Other sources suggest keilor was an Aboriginal word for 'brackish water'. The first Keilor Inn was a hut constructed in 1841, rebuilt 20 years later. Keilor was on the main route to the goldfield of Bendigo and Castlemaine; from 1851 hotels and blacksmiths did a roaring trade. A female traveller noted the contrast between the 'pretty little village with a good inn, several nice cottages, and a store or two' and the 'vast expanse of flat and dreary land' of the outlying Keilor Plains.
In 1855 the philanthropist Caroline Chisholm organised the construction of 'shelter sheds' along the goldfield routes to encourage families to accompany their menfolk to the diggings. One was near Bonfield Street in Keilor village and another, named Robertson's after a local landowner, was on the Keilor Plains. Punts and rough log bridges proved unsatisfactory for travellers crossing the Maribyrnong River and a more substantial toll bridge was opened in 1854. The 1868 replacement, superseded in 1964, has been restored.
After the initial excitement of the gold rush Keilor settled into a relatively peaceful agricultural existence for nearly a century with hay production and cattle and sheep grazing being the main activities. One of the original proprietors of the Argus newspaper, Edward Wilson, ran his property Arundel as a model farm and experimental breeding ground. By the 1880s Keilor was most noted for its market gardening and especially its apricot orchards. A local farmer and long-serving shire councillor, David Milburn, pioneered irrigation on his properties, and other orchardists and market gardeners followed his example. Farming in the district received a boost in the early 1900s when Overnewton, the 11 000-acre (4450 ha) estate of William Taylor, was subdivided.
Change came to Keilor from the 1950s when industry and housing developers discovered the area. Both Essendon Airport (built on land first acquired by the Commonwealth in 1921) and Melbourne Airport (built at Tullamarine in 1971) were partly within the Keilor City boundaries. Between 1947 and 1954 Keilor's population trebled to 10 681. By 1961 there were 29 519 residents and in 1981 there were 81 762, attracted to the area by the cheap new houses and manufacturing jobs. By 1981 around 40% of residents were overseas-born, nearly half coming from Italy, the former Yugoslavia and Malta. Transport was another attraction. The Calder and Tullamarine freeways bisect the area, and the West Gate Bridge linked it with the other side of Melbourne from 1978.
Industry was concentrated in Airport West and Niddrie, and the valleys and rises around Keilor village filled with successive waves of mainly brick veneer homes. New suburbs such as Kealba (3021, 15 km NW, Brimbank City), Keilor Downs (3038, 18 km NW, Brimbank City), Keilor Park (3042, 15 km NW, Brimbank City) and Kings Park (3021, 19 km W, Brimbank City) were created, and others such as Keilor East (3033, 13 km NW, Brimbank City, Moonee Valley City), which had already been the site of a garden estate designed by Walter Burley Griffin in 1927, were further developed. Apart from the courthouse and hotel, nearly all the older buildings in Keilor village have been replaced, often with large and luxurious houses. By the end of the 20th century Keilor had become an affluent middle-class and professional dormitory for the western suburbs.
Carstairs, Joan, and Maureen Lane, Pubs, punts & pastures: The story of Irish pioneer women on the Salt Water River, St Albans History Society, Melbourne, 1988. Details
Evans, Angela, and the Keilor Pioneer Research Collective, Keilor pioneers: Dead men do tell tales, St Albans History Society, Melbourne, 1994. Details
Jennison, Susan, Keilor's heritage, Keilor Historical Society, Melbourne, 1997. Details

Like most townships, Keilor straddled a creek, the village of half acre blocks being in the parish of Maribyrnong on the west side of the Saltwater River but suburban blocks intended for farmers were south,west and east of the village. Those to the east were in Horseshoe Bend (parish of Maribyrnong)and section 19 Doutta Galla, which included Keilor Binn Farm, Gumm's Corner and the part of Keilor Park west of Collinson St where the site of St Augustine's was granted and James Harrick built his historic homestead that is now the home of the Keilor Historical Society.

There was another township in the Keilor district,Braybrook North Township. It was south of the line of Clarendon St, Avondale Heights. The township straddled the river,being in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw. Because of the West Melbourne swamp, Solomon's ford was the most southerly point at which the Saltwater River could be crossed by travellers heading Geelong way, such as George Russell of Golf Hill. It was accessed via Buckley St, known for decades as Braybrook road until it wasrenamed Buckley St West. Many heritage studies have been sold a pup by Valentine Jones and have declared Clancy's ford to be Solomon's Ford. Peter Somerville, my predecessor as President of the Keilor Historical Society, was convinced, circa 1989,that Solomon's Ford was at the end of North Rd and he was right but I believe this was the second one.

If you google CUT CUT PAW, COUNTY OF BOURKE,you will find many maps of that parish. The Braybrook Township map also provides evidence about the fords. The earliest shows a ford near the bottom of Rhonda St, Avondale Heights with a dotted track heading south near the future site of Braybrook Primary School, this would have been the route used by George Russell and Co.The Braybrook Township map shows streets leading to, and converging at,this ford. It would have been the aboriginal fish trap that stopped Charles Grimes' progress by boat a few hundred yards short of where brackish water became fresh; this point is shown on Melway. Later maps clearly show that Solomon's ford was at the end of North Road and the ramp leading down to it, shown on the Doutta Galla maps, is still indicated by a dotted line on Melway.

In an enquiry into closed roads (of which the K.H.S.should have a copy), Clancy stated that he'd arrived in about 1856 and his first task would have been to clear his land,not of trees but of rocks. He used many of them to build walls which the lovely Mr D., the father of Braybrook and pub owner, had his henchmen pull down scattering the rocks in Clancy's crops. Harry Peck makes it clear in his MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN that Mr D's purpose was to drive off Clancy and his fellow battlers so he could graze the horses he supplied to the army in India. Clancy owned land in Cut Cut Paw as well so he may have two reasons to build a ford. His Doutta Galla land was near the point where brackish water became fresh and the former was not much good for watering stock or crops. Some rocks would have been too heavy to lift but they could be rolled into the river.They would not be swept downstream in the next flood. The resultant ford would give him access to his Cut Cut Paw land* and prevent the progress of brackish water upstream during king tides.
(*The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1878 p 2 Advertising.
Maidstone, 17th October, 1878.
IN accordance with Clause 265 of the Local Government Act 1874, the following Valuation of the Rateable Property in the Shire is published for the information of the parties rated.WILLIAM PULLAR.
Clancy, Michael, Hampstead nett annual value 2 pounds.

Clancy's boundaries were later adjusted,presumably so people could access his ford which may have been called Solomon's ford by newspapers, such as when Clancy's son had a mishap. The Melbourne Hunt seem to have referred to the North Rd ford as McIntyre's ford but Cr Delahey and Crs Dodd (of Keilor and Braybrook)were in no doubt that it was Solomon's ford.

Not long after Braybook Township was declared, a shorter route became possible and because it was no longer on a busy route, the township died in its infancy. Below follows a potted history of Braybrook North Township from my journal, WHICH FORD WAS SOLOMON'S FORD NEAR AVONDALE HEIGHTS,VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA?

Michael Clancy's evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald's* properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy's 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim's crops. Derham had Clancy's lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.

(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine, south of McIntyre's Riversdale.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKenna's closer settlement farm.(P.45, EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)

The Keilor Plains were formed by volcanic flows. The Maribyrnong River cut its way through the rock producing a valley and exposing the fascinating Organ Pipes not far north of James Robertson's Upper Keilor Homestead. This homestead was constructed with bluestone, as were many others near the river, such as Seafield, Victoria Bank and Oakbank in section 8 Tullamarine and Edward Wilson's dairy on Arundel was built with the stone. Bluestone for the McNabs' Oakbank was quarried close to the house with the resulting depression being cleverly used. (Archealogical Survey.) Many bluestone structures were built using freestone, which could also be used for drystone rock walls, as Michael Clancy did in today's Avondale Heights (see CLOSER SETTLEMENT) and Goudie (or Dodd?)did near the Brimbank homestead (see history board near the homestead.)

Freestone lay everywhere and was a major impediment to agriculture. This was bad at the time but good when closer settlement was commenced because, as stated in advertisements,the land was UNTOUCHED BY THE PLOUGH. Those impressed by this phrase realised that it meant the soil had not been depleted as described in the 1861 article in my CHRONOLOGY OF EARLY TULLAMARINE journal. The land on the Tullamarine side was grazed by the Grant and McNab Ayshires, Robert McDougall's shorthorns. Ritchie of Aucholzie was probably more into sheep like Taylor and Robertson who owned a huge slab of the parish of Maribyrnong across the river.Much later,when R.J.Gilbertson owned Aucholzie and Overpostle on Tullamarine Island,his slaughtermen earned extra money at weekends picking up freestone on Overpostle. (Source: Bob Blackwell or Mr Bedford of Fleetbank or Ed Fanning of Sunnyside-I've forgotten which.)

Before agriculture could commence,the freestone had to be removed. Those with large areas of land could take the easy options of grazing and dairying but there is no doubt the closer settlement pioneers would have cleared the rocks and exploited the still-fertile soil.

See Comment box 2. When the shire borrowed 5000 pounds in 1911 to make new roads, one of these was SETTLEMENT ROAD in the Doutta Galla Riding. Settlement Road was, without doubt North Pole Road,today's Milleara Rd as far south as Buckley St from where North Rd and Military Rd ( both crown allotment boundaries) led to Canning St.
The following four pages would not submit as a whole in the journal or a comment box. It will have to be posted in nibbles.

Oops again. In comment box 6, immediately before the report of the 1937 meeting, I stated that Geraghty's Paddock (block 9)was in the Arundel portion of the Arundel Closer Settlement; I had meant to write: "in the Annandale portion of the Arundel Closer Settlement." The western boundary of Geraghty's Paddock was 1987.7 links* (397.54 metres) east of the boundary between Arundel(section 1) and Annandale (section 2.) Alf Cock's Glenview to the south straddled the section boundary.

2. (*See below in italics how the un-shown boundary between sections 1 and 2 was established.)

How would I know that? I googled TULLAMARINE,COUNTY OF BOURKE and chose the first map:
Parish of Tullamarine, County of Bourke [cartographic ... - Slv

3. As the boundary between sections 1 and 2 is not shown and Joe Thomas's "Tullamar" (as it was called in the airport acquisition map, circa 1960)is wrongly labelled lot 7 instead of 7 and 8, I presume that the 1350 links shown in the north east corner is the northern boundary of lot 7 (almost identical to that of lot 6)and the east boundary of lot 7 was the section 1/ 2 boundary. I also presume that the next distance of 1987.7 links was the northern boundary of lot 8,which was entirely in section 2.

4. Measurements are in links,etc Oops! Google Chrome could not connect to
Measurements are in links, 100 of which equal a chain. 1 chain = 20.1168 metres, which I have rounded to 20 metres for my calculations so Geraghty's Paddocks' western boundary was 399.861634 metres east of Arundel to be exact. Steeles Creek starts near the south east corner of Geraghty's Paddock.

In 1913, the 330 acres of Annandale that had not become part of the closer settlement were divided into two 165 acre farms. As far as I remember, Bill Parr's now-demolished house was in the north east corner of Melway 15 D2. This was in the south east corner of section 2 but north of the course that the unmade section of Annandale Rd would follow to the PRESENT end of Sharps Rd. Bill Parr and his brother Sam were jointly occupying this farm in 1913. Thomas and Arthur Nash were occupying the other 165 acre farm which was probably to the south west with the extension of Sharps Rd being its southern boundary and the homestead fronting the south side of the later Annandale Rd extension.

One interesting thing about the map is that Sharps Rd (the boundary between Tullamarine and Doutta Galla parishes) is shown (with dotted lines) extending about 500 metres farther east than it does today (80 X 20.1168m, 1609.344 metres or a mile west of Broadmeadows Rd.) Why? Because Annandale Rd only ran between Arundel Rd and the east boundary of Geraghty's Paddock and Alf Cock's Glenview. Thomas and Arthur Nash would have accessed their homestead from the end of the Sharps Rd EXTENSION by way of the road north that seems to head nowhere and was obviously a driveway.

Why didn't Annandale Rd go all the way to the present end of Sharps Rd?
The following article makes it pretty clear. The Closer Settlement Board was determined to maximise its profits at the expense of the shire, which was just managing to stay afloat without additional outlays. The board even proposed a low-level bridge such as the ones on the main road that swept away or formed dams so that road approaches were gouged away until Brees' high level bridge was built in 1854. You can bet that the board stipulated that its money was only used on roads within the closer settlement and not an inch farther; Annandale Rd stopped dead at the eastern boundary of the closer settlement.

Now I see how Bertam's ford became Milburn's Weir. The connection to the ford is shown on the aforementioned Tullamarine parish map. If Cr. Milburn had not agreed to let the council open Bertrams ford when the bridge became impassable,this story may never had been written. You will remember that the first contractor's bridge was washed away by the major 1906 flood.
Sunbury News (Vic. : 1900 - 1910) Saturday 20 October 1906 p 3 Article
... Mansfield, a well-known farmer, and his son, William, about seven years of age, together with a lad named ... buggy, leading a horse with a halter, and Mr. Mansfield and his son were in the front. Mr. Mans -field ...

The Keilor Skull was found where Back Creek meets the river at Melway 14 J4.

A special meeting of the Keilor Shire Council was held on Saturday last, when all the members, with the exception of Cr Dodd, were present. Those present were-Cr. Taylor (in the chair), and Crs. Delahey, Harrick, Milburn, O'Neill, Parr, Mc'Nab, and Ritchie.

The object of the meeting was to consider whether the Council would accept the offer of the Closer Settlement Board to provide the sum of £850 towards the cost of erecting a bridge across the Saltwater River at Arundel, another over Back Creek, and to form about a mile and a quarter of roads laid out on steep hill lines. The board contemplated only a low water bridge, which would cost about £300 but the council considered that a high level bridge was necessary at a cost of £600, and that £250 was altogether too little for the other works. Then the council's surveyor objected to do all this extra work without special payment,which the board contended the council should undertake. It is calculated that there is a loading* of about £1800 at the Arundel and Annandale estates,which are to be served by these works, and that the costs of surveying and other flotation expenses might reach £900, and the council had been advised that it would take £1600 at least to build the bridge and make the roads fit for traffic.
(*Cost of infrastructure included in the price of blocks.- itellya.)

The gross annual income of the shire is under £900, and when salaries, road maintenance and other expenses are paid there is only about £100 for new works. Through the purchase of these estates by the Crown no rate can be laid upon the land until it is selected. This year the loss of rates amounts to about £50.

At the meeting of the council on Saturday last it was mentioned incidentally that all the allotments are taken up on Arundel, and only twelve on the Overnewton Estate remain unselected, these being as good land as many of the others, but destitute of improvements.

The shire engineer, Mr J. S.Jenkins, announced that he had been sent for last Thursday by the secretary of the board, and had been informed that, in order to expedite the erection of a bridge over the Saltwater River, that was necessary, and the formation of the roads, the board would pay him commission if he would prepare the plans at once and carry out the work. He accepted the terms, and the board had sent a letter to the council offering to pay him 5 per cent commission on £850, and asking that the council should, at its earliest convenience, let the board know whether the work would be anthorised to be done, and when the plans and specifications would be submitted to the Inspector General of Public Works. The engineer reported that if this offer were accepted the council would have to provide the extra cost of the bridge over £400, which the board had allotted to the bridge, and the site for the bridge on a high level.

The latter was proposed to be got from Cr Milburn in exchange for a Government road within his fence which could be transferred to him. He (the engineer) recommended the keeping open of the road now existing to the ford from its divergence from the proposed approach to the bridge. If that were done and the new bridge became unusable at any time, the crossing at the ford would still be available . The control of the ford should be kept in the hands of the council. On the motion of Cr Milburn, seconded by Cr O'Neil, the proposal of the Closer Settlement Board was adopted unanimously.

Cr Milburn, after previously intimating that he objected to the keeping open of the road to the ford in the event of bridge being made, withdrew whilst the other councillors discussed the terms of the proposed exchange. On his return-

Cr Delahey moved " That Cr Milburn's offer to exchange the land required for an approach, commencing near the north end of the aqueduct and widening to one chain wide at the bridge, for the road proposed to be closed (the same being an equal area,and including a short piece of the old road leading west to the ford), be accepted. Further, that we accept Cr Milburn's stipulation to close the ford, providing that he guarantees permission to the council to use the approach to the ford whenever the bridge becomes impassable.Cr Taylor seconded the motion. (P.3,Sunbury News,27-1-1906.)

Now we see why the Arundel bridge was so important. There was no road reserve to provide access to the closer settlement from Tullamarine. It is possible that the rest of Annandale Rd (to Sharps Rd)was financed by a huge loan taken out 1911; it was referred to by Cr Dodd as being for new roads and 60 chains of Annandale Rd was one of these works. The parish map indicates that the unmade section of Annandale Rd was only 40 chains but work might have been needed on the steep, winding, original section between the creek bridge and Glenview.

The eastern section of Annandale Rd, from Steeles Creek to the present end of Sharps Rd,was probably made in 1911 when council borrowed 5000 pounds to build "new roads" as Cr Dodd put it. Money had been allocated for 60 chains of Annandale Rd; I calculate this distance to be only 40 chains but major reconstruction may have been needed for the steep winding section from the "Back Creek" bridge to Glenview on the crest of the hill.

Jose Borrell stayed with relatives who were farming at Garden St,near Moreland Rd, Essendon, before buying Gumm's Corner from the Cahills after the 1916 flood. The bluestone homestead was either luckily still standing after a fire which started when the Cahill's were smoking bacon decades earlier or a replacement. Joe enlarged the dwelling, using the bluestone section as the lounge room; his additions have been demolished.A gully ran south through the property so Jose levelled his land with a horse and scoop producing the saucer-like depression we see today. The original south end of Arundel Rd was renamed Borrell St to honour these Spanish pioneers. (Joe Borrell. N.B. the B volume of my DHOTAMA including more detail and grainy photocopies of Joe's photos can be supplied if desired.)

Jack Vert established a market garden in the area now occupied by Vert St, Barcelona Ave and Gerona Court,which I believe was part of David Yates' racecourse. Vert is obviously an anglicised version of his original surname.

Frank Sayers had a market garden on the flats of Brimbank Park. (Page C237, DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.)

Emilio Cuartero was assessed in 1943 on land off Keilor Rd. The 1954-5 ratebook reveals that he was rated on a house on 6 acres and a house on 4 acres. Emilio was on section 20 Doutta Galla, as was Louie Foo. (Page C237 DHOTAMA.) The Cuartero property was accessed via Flora St by way of a bridge which was destroyed in the 1974 flood and replaced with a concrete bridge. I presume the farm was called Rio Vista, that being the name of the soil they were selling circa 1990. Frank Cuartero told me that Emilio had come from the famous orange-growing province of Valencia in 1925. He spent two years cutting sugar cane in Queensland and three years at his brother's market garden in Vida St, Essendon before settling at Keilor. (Page C246, DHOTAMA.)
N.B.I am positive that there was an article in the K.H.S. newsletter with much more detail.

I wonder who Elizabeth Watson was? Was she the mother of James Watson?
Unit 13, Year 41, File. 551 Watson, Elizabeth, Keillor run, squatter in District of Bourke

Victoria Hotel Licenses 1842 - Oz History Mine

Publicans License...Robert Crow...Keillor Inn...Salt Water River...Publicans License

Michael McEchearn, granted Keilor Keilor Inn' annual Publican's license - source Port Phillip Herald 17 Apr 1845
Michael McEachern wed Mary Lister in 1847 at Church of England St James, Melbourne;
Directory 1847 publican, Keillor
Patrick Mcdonaugh - OoCities

If I remember correctly it was James Watson who gave the run its name (as he did in regard to Flemington), so I presume that he knew how to spell it. The Keillor spelling was common in the 1840's.

IMPOUNDING AT KEILLOR. THIS is to give notice to all parties who have cattle running on the Keillor Run that
unless they are immediately removed they will be impounded.
JAMES WATSON. Flemington, 22nd July, 1847. (P.3, The Melbourne Argus,27-7-1847.)

One of the three historical Keilor souvenirs (1950,1961 and 1963)said that Keilor was a Gaelic word for "plenty" if I remember correctly and that Hunter and Watson were financed by the Marquis of Ailsa (after whom one of the Keilor Village streets was named.)I could not confirm the meaning of Keilor on the internet.It has been claimed that James Watson was responsible for the naming of Flemington, Keilor, Rosanna and Watsonia. Sam Merrifield claimed that there had earlier been a woolshed built by Watson* on the site of Tulip Wright's Lincolnshire Arms at Bendigo Corner (North Essendon.)

(*J.Watson was granted 13D, Doutta Galla on 27-6-1849. Extending south to Braybrook road (Buckley St) this fronted Keilor Rd west from Lincoln Rd to the future reservoir east of McCracken St (Thompson Reserve)where it adjoined the future Mar Lodge,granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor on the same date.The Lincolnshire Arms was built on the north east corner of 13D. N.B. To get the Doutta galla parish map online,google DOUTTA GALLA,COUNTY OF BOURKE.

Crown allotment 13C, consisting of three farms, one of which was called "Flatfield", was inherited by the bachelor son of James Snr,Francis,who became a member of parliament, and named the property Mar Lodge. The homestead remains at 33A? Forrester St. Another son, James inherited land adjoining Peter McCracken's Ardmillan and James's daughter,Margaret,married Peter's son,Coiler. It is no surprise that Mar Lodge passed into McCracken ownership and they set up a golf course on it. (Documents etc from Deidre Farfor, a Robertson descendant, and THE GOLD THE BLUE, a history of Lowther Hall by A.D.Pyke.)

This comment may have been written by Marcus Breen whose great book, which I read at the Newmarket Library so many years ago, examined the origin of the name of Flemington.

Thanks for so much information in your reply MonicaL. :)
I have done a lot of work on this story of the Melbourne Flemington as I wrote an entry in the Encyclopedia of Melbourne on its naming, and caused a stir. It was obviously named after Flemington Estate of James Rose esq. in Scotland, Elizabeth's father, not the butcher named Fleming as had long been supposed.
A document in the State Library of Victoria claims Alexander Hunter (sen) and James Watson (sen) were boyhood friends, meeting in later life and organising the pastoral concern in which their sons and some Hunter cousins were involved. I have never been able to find that James Watson (snr).
The Marquis of Ailsa and others funded this concern which was doomed to failure.
The Melbourne James Watson married again when Elizabeth died in May 1847. The second wife Anne Hawker gave details on his 1869 death certificate which were incorrect.
I have even visited the area in SCotland and stood outside the Keillor steading - which is now being developed. The origin of the Australian Keillor is often misquoted, giving Hugh as James's father. Hence my original post.
However I have never seen the reference you have given to Margaret Rose being a possible sister. I will pursue these new thoughts
Thank you

The ancestry of James Watson is a mystery but you might like to read some other contributions on this genealogical forum.
Hugh Watson of Keillor and Angus cattle fame Genealogy - RootsChat

An article by my old mate,Bob Chalmers, about James Watson is on this website.
James Watson Flemington Heritage

Hugh Glass who bought the Flemington Estate was a Keilor ratepayer in 1868 (the earliest rate book I managed to find in Keilor's strongroom.)Owen Connor was a grantee of much of what became in the early 1900's John Dodd's Brimbank farm (north of the high tension electrical lines running east to the substation near the entrance to Brimbank Park.) Connor had probably lost his farm "Keilor Binn Farm*" to Glass due to an undischarged mortgage.(*KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES.)

A Keillor, saltwater river search on google led to the other side of Watson and Hunter partnership. I forgot which side was said by a Keilor historical souvenir to have eaten up profits with high living but I suspect that it was the horseracing mad Hunters.

Continuing with some information of the Hunters who spent many years in the Western District.Keillor (North of Melbourne) was the home station of the 5 Hunter brothers,sons of Alex Hunter - Blair & Cowan, solicitors -
'Writers to the Signet' in Edinburgh.

I have the book "Silks and Saddles" and will do lookups.
KEILLOR was the home station of the early Scottish explorer Alexander McLean Hunter (19 years) who in 1839
explored the Delatite, Mount Battery, Devils River area, now Mansfield. He held leases over thousands of acres before Mansfield was designated. He married 1850 to Eliza Ann Bostock born Tasmania to Robert and Rachael.

There were 5 brothers who came from Scotland and all were champion Steeple Chasers. However, I have a story from the old magazine 'Parade' 1967 with a long story of how the 5 brothers were larrikin gentlemen.
"After the formation of the first Port Phillip Turf Club in December 1840, none of the brothers ever missed a race meeting. Needing a secret track for trial gallops, the Hunters and other found a suitable mile square flat
beside the Saltwater (Maribyrnong) River. Because it was proved to be the ideal site for a rival racecourse, the specially formed Melbourne Racing Club, with Alex Hunter as Honorary Secretary opened soon after.Thus was born the FLEMINGTON RACE COURSE " end quote.

Often as many as four Hunter were in the one race which put them in the public eye. WATSON and HUNTER were
part of a syndicate from Scotland looking to investment. I have the story of Watson and Hunter if anyone would like me to post to the list. Thanks for your interest.
Thelma (Bostock) Birrell at Maroochydore.
(RootsWeb: AUS-VIC-WESTERN-DISTRICT-L Hunter ... ... 2004-05)

I've read many websites about the Hunters and forgotten 99% of the information. However I do remember that they gave Devils River its name. They spent a sleepless night camped by the stream because of the racket made by the area's fauna.

See D.T.Kilburn's advertisement in my comment about the locality name Springfield under 1867.

TENDERS will be received until noon of Saturday the 30th instant, from parties willing to contract for forming an additional portion of the approaches to Keilor Bridge, on the Portland road. Tenders to be endorsed " Tender for Keilor bridge approaches," and deposited at the box marked " Tenders for Works and Stores" at the western entrance of the government offices ; or, they may be forwarded by post directed to "His Honor the Superintendent, Melbourne."
Plan and specification can be seen upon application to Mr. Mitchell of the Keilor Inn, and at the undermentioned office. The government will not necessarily accept the lowest tender.(P.1, Argus,25-6-1849.)

Because the early bridges at Keilor were only built from the top of one bank to the top of the other, they became dams when the river flooded,putting enormous strain on the structures but also caused the water to scour the banks, eroding the approaches. Samuel Brees'1854 bridge survived 15 years before being replaced by the flower basket bridge because it was elevated above the highest possible flood level.

FIFTY POUNDS Reward.-The above reward will be given to any person or persons, who will give such information as will lead to the conviction of the party or parties, who, on the 7th inst, stabbed James Laverty's horses, of the North Pole, Keilor Road. JAMES LAVERTY, North Pole, near Keilor. (P.8, Argus, 11-12-1854.)

This entry is not pertinent to Keilor. It is put here to remind everyone that James Laverty's hotel near Keilor was the North Pole Inn. The Harvest Home fronted Mt Alexander Rd at the west end of Hiskins St, Moonee Ponds.

T0 Let.-To be Let, upon such terms as may be agreed upon, the Harvest Home public-house, together with one acre kitchen garden, situated at Moonee Ponds, on the main road to the diggings, doing at present a first rate business. This is a rare opportunity, being one of the first houses on the road.
Apply to JAMES LAVERTY, Harvest Home, Moonee Ponds. (P.8, Argus, 5-9-1856)

Having lost an hour's typing, my summary of the Anderson story will be skeletal this time. William Anderson settled in Keilor as a blacksmith and later ran a store there. He was killed at the bridge when his son, James was quite young but James became a successful man, farming James Wilson's Springbank on the west side of Hoffmans Rd, and, when his mother* died, John Beale's "Shelton" on the east side of North Pole (Milleara) Rd.
(*Catherine Anderson was an early resident of (present) No 58 A and B, Ardmillan Rd and was probably the daughter of Donald Stewart, William's widow and the mother of James, who died at Shelton. John Beale also became an Ardmillan Rd resident, calling his house Shelton.)

James later retired to "Braeside" fronting Green Gully Rd south of Church St. Don,a son of James,had an apricot orchard on Horseshoe Bend and his homestead is now a feature of Horseshoe Bend Park. Peter,son of Don, married a daughter of the Hendersons who ran the brick post office at Tullamarine that was demolished to allow construction of Hendersons Rd. When I interviewed Peter circa 1990 he was living on an eastern corner block on the north side of Church St, Keilor. Here is how Peter's great grandfather died.

Tho city coroner held an inquest yesterday, at the Melbourne Hospital, on the body of William Anderson. It appeared from the evidence that on tho 10th instant, the deceased was returning from Melbourno to Keilor with a load of coals, when his horse took fright, ran against the toll-gate at Keilor, and precipitated deceased vio-lently to the ground. He was taken up in an insensible condition, and on removal to the hospital was found to have sustained so severe an injury to the right leg that it was necessary to perform amputation. He never rallied, and died in the hospital on the 25th instant. Tho deceased was a storekeeper, and has left a wife and four children. The jury found that he had "Died from the effects of injuries accidentally received."
(P.4, Argus,28-2-1862.)

One of the signs of the rate at which our society is ramifying is the recent establishment of an institution dignified by the exalted name of "Sanatorium," but more properly called a private hospital, in the country, under the best atmospheric conditions. " Brompton-lodge," Springfield* ,' just opened by Dr. Crooke, of Fitzroy, for the treatment of cases requiring dietetic andphysical treatment, such as consumption, rheumatism, gout, and " dipsomania," is a rather handsome stone house, standing within an enclosure of about seventy acres, variously cultivated, and situated near the Mount Alexander road, on the Keilor Plains, eight miles from
Melbourne and three from Keilor. The situation appears good, for the clay soil is (etc).
(P.3,The Mercury,Hobart,6-4-1867.)
* The Fosters called section 3 Tullamarine and section 20 Doutta Galla "Springs". David William O'Nial's Lady of the Lake hotel at Tullamarine and a landowner on Keilor Rd were both described as being at Springs which was rather confusing. D.T.Kilburn later bought 400 acres of 3 Tullamarine (Fairfield) but in 1849 he placed this advertisement for his Keilor Rd grants (Fairview.)

FOR a term of years, two adjoining Farms, of about eighty acres each, situated on the Springs, next Main's section, Keilor road, seven miles from town. The land is excellent, and the whole fit for the plough without any clearing being required. Apply to DOUGLAS T. KILBURN.(P.3, Argus,12-7-1849.)

To prevent confusion,the Keilor Rd area was rebadged as Springfield,the name of the farm between Spring Park and the Roberts Rd corner.

After the Church which has recently been built
here was finished, there remained upon it a, debt
amounting to something-like £170. A tea meet
ing held on the 28th, and a collection made at it,
cleared away a part of this debt; a meeting was
then held to consider the best means of liquidating
the remainder, when Mr. W. J. Clarke, of Sunbury,
with his well-known and wide-spread liberality.
forwarded the committee a cheque for the required
sum, viz., £127 4s. The thanks of the congrega
tion are indeed due to Mr. Clarke for this hand
some donation, as it would be some time before
they could have reasonably expected to clear off
the incubus.
An industrious farmer named Kelly had the
misfortune to have a stack of hay, containing
about 50 tons, burnt last week. It was caused by
some of his children lighting a fire near the stack.
He estimates his loss at above £200.
A child named Wright bad a narrow escape from
drowning on Sunday last by falling off a swing
into the river a distance of about 20 feet. A
young man named Ray, who had observed the
accident, at once went in and brought her out, not
much the worse for her sudden immersion.
A team from the Keilor Cricket Club proceeded
to Ascot Vale last Saturday to try conclusions
with the local club, but, owing to some of the
players being rather late in turning up, the game
could not be finished.P.3, The Bacchus Marsh Express, 10-2-1877.)

William John Turner(Big Clarke)was asked what he thought of the spending of his son, William John, (I think at the time Rupertswood was being built)and he replied that he hoped William John got as much fun out of spending the money as he (W.J.T.) had enjoyed making it. Rupertswood and the Melbourne mansion accounted for some of the son's spending but his philanthropy knew no bounds,as indicated below. The grounds of Rupertwood provided a favourite recreational haunt for ordinary people until W.J.'s son, Baronet Rupert, imposed a ban because of irresponsible behaviour. W.J.Clarke was knighted because of his parliamentary service,philanthropy or both, and on the day of his funeral, Melbourne was draped in black and virtually came to a standstill.
For more detail, see:
Sir William John Clarke - Australian Dictionary of Biography

I knew the church would be Christ Church but a google search using those words looked unlikely to bear fruit so I tried "Historic Anglican church Keilor". Bingo!

All Brimbank Data - Brimbank City Council

Brimbank City Council Post-contact Cultural Heritage Study
2000 Study Site N 088
36 Keilor
Statement of Significance
Christ Church, Keilor, is of regional historical, architectural and social significance as the second oldest
church in the Brimbank area and the oldest Anglican church in the municipality. For many years it was
the only non-Catholic church in Keilor. (An early Presbyterian church became derelict by the early
years of the 20th century.) It has been associated with a number of early Keilor families, including
Milburns, Goudies, Seulings and Bonfields. The simple design of the church reflects the limited means
of the local community. Its bluestone construction is also a reflection of the available resources and
local geology which determined much of the early building design in Melbourne's west during the
nineteenth century.
Other listings: NatTrust, VHR
A small plain brick church on bluestone foundations with steeply-pitched slate roof. The porch
features a bell-wall, while solid buttresses and Gothic, pointed arch windows break up the side walls.
Contrasting brickwork is used to pick out the corners and window surrounds. Modern additions in brick
for the community centre have been added to the building, involving opening up the interior to
provide a side chapel which was subsequently altered for other uses. The Taylor Gates (1947), in
clinker brick and wrought iron, have been constructed at the corner of Church Street.
HO Christ Church, Keilor (Anglican Church)
Map Reference: 14 H6
Heritage Overlay: 093
Recommended Level of Significa Local
Reg No: 3703, nominated
PAHT: 8 Developing Australia's cultural life
SUBTHEME 8.6 Worshipping
AHC Criteria: A4, E1,G1
HO status:
Church Street
print version 23-Jan-09 Page 1 of 2Brimbank City Council Post-contact Cultural Heritage Study
This small church in the heart of Keilor village was built in 1876. It was dedicated on 28 January 1877
by the Dean of Melbourne, Dr. McCartney. Previously, local members of the Church of England
worshipped in a corrugated iron building on the west side of Bonfield Street. The committee formed to
build the new church included John Beale, Ebenezer Bonfield, David Milburn, John Eagling, Henry
Joyce, David Luck and Henry Seuling. The church was part of a large parish, extending to Bulla and
Broadmeadows. The first vicar of the parish, Rev. Richard Rodda (1877-1906), lived at Broadmeadows
and would travel on horseback to visit parishioners and take services. The John Roskel Milburn
Centre, a community hall and centre, was added to the east side of the Church which was opened on 12
December 1976.


CHILD NAMED WRIGHT. (Thomas Bennett Wright?)

Keilor residents enjoyed organised sport from very early times. Despite the gold rush having ended,Keilor had not become quite such a sleepy hollow as Bulla and Broadmeadows townships. Cricket teams were always formed in country areas before football teams but in many places formation of clubs did not occur until the 1890's depression when sport helped to lift people's spirits as Phar Lap did during the depression of the 1930's. In the 1890's, Keilor fielded its own footy team but Bulla,Broadmeadows(Township)and Tullamarine needed a combined team.

Keilor Road would have meant the Keilor- Melton Rd (thus Sydenham's original name of Keilor Road Station), while the road between Flemington and Keilor Village retained its single name, Mt. Alexander Road, well into the 1900's. Taylor's western land was basically between Keilor Rd and Taylor's Rd.

Just as the Lagoon (now filled in and one of the most well-used parks I've ever seen) was a feature of Keilor,the reservoir on the site of Thompson's Reserve (north east corner of Mar Lodge which was probably owned by the McCrackens by this time)would have been a landmark for Keilorites heading to and from the Big Smoke.

As farmers did not sell produce every week, although they could be self-sufficient in regard to food,the piggy bank could become empty without an additional source of revenue such as road maintenance contracts. James Harrick must have kept his piggy bank pretty full because a decade or so later he bought Kilburn's 400 acre "Fairfield" fronting the north side of Sharps Rd,west of Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine,later dividing it into two farms, the eastern half, now occupied by houses, becoming the Bakers'Preston Park/Tommy Loft's"Dalkeith".

A FIRE took place on Thursday last at Keilor Road in Mr. Taylor's estate, extending over a distance of four miles, and about 650 acres of fine grass was burned before the flames were extinguished. The origin of the fire is not definitely known, but as some matches were found near the place, it is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary.

A special meeting of the Keilor Shire Council was held at the Council chambers last Saturday for the purpose of accepting tenders. There were eight tenders received for the lagoon contract, and the successful tenderer was Mr. P. L. M'Guire, who proposes to excavate 3,000 yards of clay at 8d.per yard.

The next contract for laying metal on Mt. Alexander road was let to Mr. James Harrick at 1s. 3d. per yard.

A large reservoir is in course of construction at Essendon for the purpose of supplying Essendon,Flemington and Moonee Ponds with water,(etc.)
(P.3, The Bacchus Marsh Express,5-3-1881.)

The exact location and dimensions of the hotel are given in KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES; also a photo.

SHORTLY before seven o'clock on Saturday night a fire occurred at the Racecourse Hotel, Keilor, which burnt the building to the ground. In years gone by this old hostelry was a stopping place for the hundreds of adventurers
bound for the Castlemaine gold fields and was well-known in those times as the Waggoners' Arms. The hotel was a substantial structure but being built entirely of wood the flames soon obtained a firm hold and, as there was no water available, the onlookers had to content themselves with rescuing all the furniture they could lay hands on. Both the local brigades were called out, but the fire was too far away for them to attempt to reach it. (P.2, Independent,Footscray,SATURDAY*10-5-1890.) BOTH WHICH BRIGADES??????????

ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence, Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late
William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years. (P.1, Argus, 12-9-1892.)

The following have been duly nominated candidates for the election of one councillor for the Doutta Galla Riding of the shire of Keilor -
Mr William Delahey, of the Oaks,
Mr James Anderson, of Spring-bank Farm.
A POLL will therefore be TAKEN before me at the polling booth, Old Tollhouse, Keilor bridge, on Thursday, the 22nd day of August, 1895, commencing at 8 o'clock a.m. , and closing at 4 o'clock p.m.
WILLIAM M. GOUDIE., Returning Officer. Keilor, Aug 10, 1895. (P.2,Argus,12-8-1895.)

McPhail, Anderson and Co. report holding an important clearing sale on behalf of Mr. Jas. Anderson. "Buckley Park,*' Essendon, on Tuesday. 26th ult., owing to the property having been sold. As evidencing Mr. Anderson's popularity, after his long residence in the district, a great concourse of buyers attended, with the result that very high rates ranged right through, cattle, horses and plant selling splendidly.

The cattle were in grand condition, but the major portion of them had been calvedsome time, prices ranging to £26 for milch cows, and to £25 10s for heifers in milk: springers sold to £27, the whole herd making an extremely high average. Cows backward in calf sold to £20; do. heifers. £18: fat cows to £17: heifers, in lines, 2-year old. £13 5s: yearlings to 18 months old. £7 17s 6d. £8 2s 6d., £8 10s and £9 10s; calves,just dropped, to £2 12s 6d: poddy heifer calves, from £4 to £6 15s: draught horses to £28: light horses, to £20;
yearling draughts. to £14; child's pony, £21.

The plant and sundries sold equally as well, sets of light harness making to £8 10s: buggies, .£17; drill. £18 10s; plough. £13. (P.3,Flemington Spectator, 7-3-1918.)

William Hoffman's Butzbach was on the east side of Hoffman's Rd (extending halfway to Lincoln Rd) but he'd bought land on Main's Estate on the other side of the road which may have taken on the same name. The Butzbach homestead block is indicated by the bend in Price St and Croft St. Croft, who worked in the postmaster General's Department (P.M.G.) probably bought Butzbach at the time of W.W.1 when anti-German sentiment was so strong that many wanted to get rid of the name Essendon because they thought its origin was Essen in Germany rather than the home village of William Pomeroy Greene of "Woodlands". It was probably Croft who changed his property's name to "Buckley Park". The land over Hoffmans Rd was once called Main's Estate but the use of this locality name had died out so to fill a void Croft's name was applied also in the area now called Niddrie. The current name could not be used at the time because it was the name of the Morgans'farm between Spring Park and Treadwell Rd on the NORTH side of Keilor Rd.)

Keilor Secretary Resigns
Called specially to "consider the removal" of Mr. James C. Sinclair from his office as secretary, the Keilor Shire Council, on Thursday night went into committee. Mr. H. E. Poole, Inspector of the Public Works Department, was in attendance, and it is understood presented Mr. Sinclair's resignation, which was accepted.
No announcement was made regarding the still missing books, but it is stated that they are beyond recovery.
Mr Croft, an officer, appointed on the recommendation of the Public Works Department, has spent several days in
straightening out affairs and he will engage in the work next Monday and continue until it has been oompleted.
As required by the Act, the Council will advertise for applications for the secretaryship, but it is anticipated that Mr. James Hocking, at present acting secretary, will be appointed.
(P.5, Sunshine Advocate,17-12-1927.)

Mr. James Hocking Appointed Keilor Shire Secretary
At the Keilor Council meeting last Saturday, Cr. Stenson moved, and Cr. Nash seconded, that Mr. James Hocking be appointed shire secretary, collector and interim valuer.
The motion was carried nem. con.

The President , Crs. McFarlane, Stenson, Burkitt, Parr, Nash, and Stevens congratulated Mr. Hocking upon his
appointment.The Secretary, in thanking the council, said that in his 26 years experience he had not dreamed that it was possible for the affairs of a shire council to get into such a tangled position as he found those of the Keilor Shire, and he was afraid that it would take a full twelve months before the office could be put in order. It was a most difficult position,but he would do his best, and hoped that it would be satisfactory, and that when the time came for them to part, as it must some day, they would do with respect on both sides. (hear, hear). (P.1,Sunshine Advocate,14-1-1928.)

Mr. N. A. Woods, the recently appointed secretary to the Shire of Keilor, was officially welcomed at the council meeting on Saturday last. The President (Cr. J. H. Stevens), said he believed that the council had
selected the most suitable applicant for the position. Mr.Woods was a young man who had given promise of achieving big things, and for a growing district like Keilor, a young, capable official at the helm was
necessary. He trusted Mr. Woods would have long and honorable service with the shire,and extended to him the good wishes of his fellow councillors.

Mr.Woods, in reply, said that he realised that he had a standard to keep up in following in the footsteps of Mr. Hocking. He would, by hard work and strict attention to detail, try to convince the council that their
confidence had not been misplaced. He had had good experience under excellent management at Broadmeadows, and
he would do his best to emulate the good work of his predecessor.

Mr. Woods' handling of the business of the meeting was characterised by efficiency and tact, and augurs well for the future of the shire. (P.1, Sunshine Advocate,23-1-1931.)

A good choice indeed. Good experience indeed. The President trusted correctly!
next 7 lines won't submit After four attempts to submit just 3 lines here,comments re Norm Woods have been posted in comment box 7.

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