itellya on Family Tree Circles

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DROMANA MUSEUM, VIC., AUST.

People of Dromana, you have a great museum but now it's only open two Sundays a month. I don't live in Dromana but I love the town because I have made a connection with its proud past. Unfortunately most members of the historical society, many of whom are descendants of pioneers, are getting on and it is becoming harder to fill the roster of volunteers to open the museum on Sundays. Apart from age, another factor affecting the number of volunteers could be that Dromana residents don't seem to care about the area's proud history.

Here I must praise the Dromana Primary School. By doing a project about the Dromana pier, which could soon disappear and not be replaced , the school ensured that my colleague and I had a most enjoyable day last Sunday, helping two children and their parents. I'm sure that my colleague would have been bored out of her brain if they had not turned up. Not I, though. It would give me a chance to explore the treasures in the museum so that when 20 people turn up, I'll be able to refer them to any information they are seeking.

Hopefully, this journal will inspire you to visit the museum. Instead of telling you that we have thousands of photos etc., I will give you some detailed information about some of the items you can see.

The museum is housed in the Old Shire Office on Pt Nepean Rd, in the third block west of McCulloch St (Melway 159 G7.) Dating from the late 1920's,it was designed by Stewart Calder in the Spanish mission style. It was the shire's first real home, with meetings being regularly held at the Dromana Hotel for many years despite efforts by some councillors to give the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat Hotel a turn.

Near the entrance to the museum rooms are marble memorials to Watson Eaton and Archie Shaw.


WATSON EATON. (Also see HISTORICAL NOTES after the information about Archie Shaw.)
Abraham Griffith,an American like Rosebud's Henry Bucher, was the master of a whaler sailing out of Philadelphia and came to Australia in 1854. By 1855 he had settled on the Survey (Melway 160 H4.) Watson and Bernard Eaton are thought to have come out with Abraham and his wife, Rebecca. Both brothers may have farmed with Abraham but Bernard seems to have spent decades on the gold fields, owning a "race" at Creswick at one time, before returning in the late 1880's to mine on the Tubbarubba diggings. Bernard's unmarried daughter Maude lived out her days in Dromana, dying in 1956 aged in her 90's. Benjamin Eaton, who was possibly Bernard's son was appointed librarian at the Dromana Mechanics' Institute.

In another journal, I have details of Abraham's death, and Watson probably looked after Rebecca when she became a widow. Watson later selected 150 acres at the west corner of (the now-closed) Eatons Cutting Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd (Melway 190 F2.)This land was granted to his executrix, Rebecca, following his death.

Colin McLear had vivid memories of the memorial, which attracted his attention during boring sermons at the Dromana Presbyterian Church where it had hung for 80 years since the building had been the Union Church (shared by several denominations.) Colin stated that Watson had done several years of a medical course but that is not true.
(When researching on trove, I often get sidetracked by a neighbouring article that catches my eye. The article about the inquest into the death of a man, in which Watson Eaton testified that he had never received any medical training or attended university, was one such sidetrack. The digitised version of this article must not have Watson's name spelt correctly and combinations of Eaton with Dromana, Kangerong and words that were in the article achieved no result despite hours of searching. I have recorded the newspaper and issue date regarding this article, and others. about Watson Eaton, but I have no idea where; these details were not in my PENINSULA DISTRICT HISTORY and DROMANA,ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND(not journals)which were the most likely locations. So you'll have to take my word re the article, which will be pasted here when I find it.)

I'm not going to tell you what the memorial says but you can come to the museum and read it! I'm not sure whether Watson was involved in perhaps the most dangerous thing the pioneer women could do, give birth. The Dromana district was lucky to have women such as Susan Peatey on the Survey, who delivered Henry Bucher's daughter, the first white child to be born in Rosebud. What do the papers say about Watson Eaton?

The district coroner held an inquest at Kangerong, on the 24th inst., on the body of a man named Abraham Griffiths, aged 58 years, a farmer residing at Kangerong. The deceased was seen about noon on the 27th February, driving a pair of quiet horses in a four-wheeled vehicle, on the road towards Dromana. About 3 o'clock on the same afternoon he was seen by a man named James Wiseman, standing by the side of a fence below Mount Martha. Tho body of the vehicle was close by, with the front wheels gone. Tho horses were about 50 yards off. Wiseman spoke to deceased, who did not recognise him. Seeing the deceased was hurt, Wiseman took him home. A sapling six inches in diameter had been broken by the vehicle. The vehicle was in good working order.

William Potter, a constable stationed at Dromana, said that the clump of saplings was a most dangerous one. It was situated within the boundary of the Mornington Shire. Watson Eaton, a partner of the deceased, said that the latter was able to go about for a few days after the accident. Deceased explained that the horses ran away with him down the hill, and that he could not keep them off the saplings.(P.6,Argus 27-3-1874.)
ARTICLE INCOMPLETE. I GAVE UP TRYING TO SUBMIT THE REST A SENTENCE AT A TIME. WHAT A WASTE OF TWO HOURS!

As Mr. Eaton of Kangerong was on his way to Flinders to a sick person, the young horse he was riding suddenly commenced bucking, throwing Mr. Eaton, who fell heavily to the ground fracturing his leg near the ankle. He lay helpless for some time, but at last succeeded (by?) cooeying in attracting the attention of a Mr -- ner, who soon got assistance, and conveyed him to his home. Having considerable skill in setting fractured limbs, he directed the operation himself. We hear that he is progressing favorably, but since it was a bad fracture he will probably be laid up for some time, which will be a loss to the district as he is a most useful man in cases of sickness ever ready and willing to go to any part of the district.
(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 24-10-1877.)

Watson's conditioned worsened and he was taken to the Alfred Hospital but he died. Frantically the district sought a doctor to replace Watson, never having worried about getting one while he was alive.

ARCHIE SHAW.
Unfortunately the index for A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA needs some modification. This comes from page 88, which is not mentioned in the index in relation to Ben Shaw.

Benjamin Shaw came to the peninsula as a hawker and settled in Dromana where he established the Kangerong guest house (on the site of a caravan park and the Caltex Garage) in the 1880's. His son, Archibald Vine Shaw married Maude McKeown, this connection recently used to name a reserve in the subdivision of a former McKeown orchard. The Shaw-McKeown reserve is mentioned on the website MORNINGTON PENINSULA DAILY by Gemma Wiseman, a descendant of a very early Red Hill pioneer through whose grant the part of White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner (Wiseman's Deviation ) runs. Gemma has posted a very clear photo of the history board at the reserve. The history board states that Benjamin and his wife, Elizabeth, arrived in Dromana in 1875.

The following comments about Gemma's post shows that some people do value Dromana's heritage.

VioletSky said...

I wish there were more signs like this that give a good family and historical history of the area.
July 5, 2012 at 7:31 AM
RedPat said...

It's nice to remember them with some green space!
July 5, 2012 at 10:19 AM
Clytie said...

I love seeing signs that bring local heritage to life ... history is so important!
July 5, 2012 at 12:46 PM
Lindy MacDuff said...

As it should be, so history will not be forgotten.
July 5, 2012 at 12:59 PM
NixBlog said...

Good to see the pioneers acknowledged in this way, Gemma.
July 5, 2012 at 5:12 PM
Pat said...

What a nice tribute - not only a sign but also a nice GREEN area!
July 6, 2012 at 12:14 AM
Dianne said...

no matter how small, a reserve and acknowledgement are treasures
July 6, 2012 at 1:06 AM
PerthDailyPhoto said...

It took some time Gemma, but as Pat says, what a lovely way to be remembered!
July 6, 2012 at 2:09 AM
Francisca said...

It seems we need reminders that our communities are not made up of isolated individuals and our present is linked to those in the past. My screen is not large enough to read the sign, but I'm glad it's there.
July 6, 2012 at 4:09 AM
Lesley said...

what a neat sign that explains so much! and it is a bonus that the descendants are still in the area.
July 6, 2012 at 10:47 AM
itellya, Rosebud said...

Well done to Cr Graham Pittock for seeing this request granted. I'd seen the letter in the folder in the museum and wondered if the desired outcome had been achieved. Mrs McKeown was a sister of Hill Hillis, another early pioneer. Unfortunately the sign is wrong in stating that James McKeown moved from Red Hill in 1875; it should be 1885.
Well done to the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce for the statues and the Waiting Tree history board.
February 24, 2013 at 11:32 PM

THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXTRACT FROM MY JOURNAL ABOUT THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS.
Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw,of Kangerong, Dromana,died on Tuesday,aged 63 years. Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years, during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P.6, Argus, 27-10-1932.)

Archie's son Maurice, who ran Shaw's Garage for many years, also ran a bus service which was much appreciated by hinterland residents. In another article (about a discussion by council of this service being stopped from connecting with the Portsea service bus at Moats Corner), Maurie's name was given as J.M.Shaw. It is likely that his first given name was James, his maternal grandfather being James McKeown.
REDHILL. (EXTRACT)The usual bus service run by Mr Shaw from Dromana to Red Hill has been discontinued owing to orders from the Transport Board. This bus was a blessing to local residents, as owing to petrol and tyre restrictions, it was almost impossible to get down to Dromana beach. It was also convenient when necessary to get to town unexpectedly, or, if the early train from town was missed. It will be very much missed, and it is hoped that the service will soon be allowed again to fill the needs of local residents.
(P2, Standard, Frankston, 5-4-1945.)


SOME OLD HISTORICAL NOTES FOUND WHEN I GOOGLED WATSON EATON.
The mistake about Watson's medical training appears here too but the page is very interesting.

Historical Notes

Red Hill 2009 Show Display
A display of photographs was prepared by the society for the Red Hill Show held in March 2008. This event celebrated 150 years of shows on the peninsula and 80 years of the Red Hill Show. Another outstanding display was created in 2009 and is on display in the Historical Museum, Old Shire Offices, 359A Point Nepean Road, Dromana.

Book Launch - A Dreamtime of Dromana
On 8 April 2006 the Society launched the book - 'A Dreamtime of Dromana- A history of Dromana through the eyes of a pioneering family.' Written by local historian Colin McLear, the book has 227 pages, over 100 photographs of early Dromana and contains a detailed index.

Howard Ratcliff Lawson: Builder and Entrepreneur
This fascinating display which was set up in the Museum in 2006, marked the 60th Anniversary of Lawson's death at Dromana in 1946. Lawson had the foresight to see the tourist potential in Arthurs Seat and built an extravagant complex of buildings on the summit including swimming pool, ballroom and viewing area with a camera obscura. Nearby he built several houses but his untimely death put an end to the project. Lawson also was a prolific builder of flats in the South Yarra and Dandenong Road areas.
The display is preserved and will be repeated in the future.

The Hobson Brothers
Edmund Charles Hobson and Edward William Hobson were born early in the 1800's and brought up with their grandparents in Hobart. Edmund studied natural history and medicine and was one of the founders of the Melbourne hospital whilst Edward became an explorer and grazier, and was one of the first settlers between Melbourne and Sorrento. He was also the owner of the ill-fated vessel Rosebud which was wrecked in Port Phillip Bay.
These were the subject of a recent display.

Watson Eaton - Physician to the Pioneers
In November 2002 a small display was set up in the Museum commemorating the 125th anniversary of the death of Watson Eaton in 1877.

Watson Eaton arrived in Australia on board the barque Nimrod from New York on March 1855. He was reported to have travelled out with Abraham and Rebecca Griffith who also came from Philadelphia. Watson Eaton and the Griffith family were neighbours on Jamieson's Survey and were also in partnership together.

Watson Eaton was a bachelor who had completed several years of medical training but had not qualified. Whilst farming on Jamieson's Survey he put his medical training to good use as the community lacked a doctor. Eaton always kept a horse saddled in his stable ready for an emergency. Whether he rode to Flinders or Dromana he charged a flat rate of one pound per visit.

On 21 October 1877 while on his way to a patient he fell from his horse and sustained a badly broken leg which he attempted to set himself. Unfortunately the leg became infected and this led to his death three weeks later on 14 November 1877.
A road between Red Hill and Dromana is known as Eaton's Cutting.

Jetty Store Plaque
A plaque was unveiled on the wall of the National Bank building in Dromana on Wednesday 24 July 2002. It shows the original 'Jetty Store' built on the site.

Matthew Flinders Bi-Centenary
A museum display '1802 and All That' produced to support the launch of the Valda Cole book The Summer Survey: Log of the Lady Nelson 1801 - 1802 under command of John Murray, can still be viewed in the Museum. All copies of the book held by the Museum have now been sold.
A small booklet commemorating the ascent of Arthurs Seat by Matthew Flinders and others on 27 April 1802 is available to purchase.

In February 2002 a ceremony was conducted to commemorate the entry of the Lady Nelson under the command of Lieut. John Murray into Port Phillip Bay on 14 February 1802. This was the first ship to enter the bay. This entry was accomplished after a launch under command of William Bowen with five men had ventured into the bay on 31 January 1802 to find a suitable access passage. They returned on 4 February 1802 and reported to Murray that a 'good channel' had been found. A plaque was unveiled on the monument next to the museum to commemorate these events.

Murray named Arthurs Seat after a similar hill near his native city Edinburgh.

On 30 March 1802 the Géographe, under the command of Nicolas Baudin, sailed past from Cape Schanck heading south-west, but missed the entrance to Port Phillip Bay. The next week, French officers and men from the Naturaliste, under command of Hamelin, thoroughly explored the coast from Wilsons Promontory up to and including Western Port Bay.

The historic meeting of Baudin and Flinders took place at Encounter Bay on 8 April 1802.

The Investigator under the command of Captain Matthew Flinders entered Port Phillip Bay on 26 April 1802.

Centenary of Federation
Henry Bournes Higgins who lived at 'Heronswood', Dromana, was one of the founders of the Australian Constitution. He was member for North Melbourne in the first Parliament of the Commonwealth, and Attorney General in the first Labor Ministry formed by John Watson in 1904. He died at Heronswood on 13 January 1929 and is buried in the Dromana Cemetery. As a contribution to the celebration of the Centenary of Federation, the Society prepared a small photographic display on the life and times of Henry Bournes Higgins.

Jamieson's Special Survey
The Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 covered an area of 5120 acres (8 square miles) in the Dromana area and was bounded approximately by Ellerina Road to the North, Point Nepean Road to the South, Safety Beach to the West and a N-S line West of Tubbarubba Road on the eastern boundary.

A display relating to the Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 was presented in the Museum during the period July - December 2000. The display included photographs of some of the early settlers in the survey, and recent photographs taken near the survey boundaries. A copy of the survey map produced at the time was also included.

125 Years of Education
On December 19th, 1950, eight small schools - Red Hill, Red Hill South, Flinders, Shoreham, Main Ridge, Balnarring, Merricks and Merricks North, closed to form Red Hill Consolidated School. An era which commenced in the 1870's ended, and a new era began. The 125 years of education was celebrated at the Consolidated School on 1-2 April, 2000.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 2 months ago

DROMANA PIER, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA (FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS.)

AT THE VERY END OF THE JOURNAL, I WILL POST SOME QUESTIONS THAT I WOULD EXPECT STUDENTS TO ANSWER IN THEIR OWN WORDS IN ANY PROJECT ABOUT THE DROMANA PIER. STUDENTS WOULD BE ALLOWED TO COPY AND PASTE NEWSPAPER ARTICLES THAT I HAVE INCLUDED IN THIS JOURNAL BUT THESE SHOULD BE USED TO CONFIRM A POINT THAT THEY HAVE MADE IN THEIR OWN WORDS (NOT MINE.)

DROMANA PIER.
John Aitken carried all his sheep ashore when the Chili ran aground.
Peter Pidota loaded timber at Sheepwash Creek for all the piers around.
George McLear said the pier should be built on the Survey coast
But others preferred the present site the most.

Schnapper Point was getting a pier so, in 1858, Dromana tried a deputation;
Mr Scurfield told of the post office and store, timber and a larger population.(1)
In 1859 another deputation asked for 2000 pounds for the pier's erection
But the request was refused: no municipality, so you could try a collection.(2)

At last a jetty Dromana finally gets;
Two thousand pound on the estimates!(3)
More money in '66 to make the pier complete
For the Reliance and others in the coastal fleet.(4)

The pier became longer and longer
But it didn't help when a gale became stronger.
Peter Pidoto's Ripple finished up on the beach
No matter how far into the bay it did reach.(5)

The traders vied for berths with the steamers quite often
Rob Adams would wait with his drag for Lord Hopetoun(6)
And tourists who for bathing and nature were dying,(7)
While the pier sides were bedecked with fishing nets drying.(8)

Steamer passengers kept many guest houses going
And Adams, Hobley, Cairns, Chapman their drags a-stowing.
Rail ran to Mornington for those with sea-sickness forboding;
Also to pier-end for trading craft loading.

Harry Copp, John McLear, Doan Griffith and Fred Vine(9)
Professionally fished with net or with line
But they aged and their maker did meet;
So too the pier, replaced with concrete.

Now our pier deals with neither steamers nor trade
But our greatest efforts to keep it must be made.
At its end, fishermen still love to dangle a line
And strollers think a promenade is just fine.

Our poor old pier is suffering concrete-cancer.
A single contract "demolish and build" is the answer!

1. P4, Argus, 29-10-1858.
2. P.5, Argus, 7-12-1859.
3. P.3,The Mercury, Hobart, 26-2-1862.
4. Dromana stands upon a long, low, sandy ridge, naked and bleak looking. Our party landed on the unfinished jetty, where it appears a considerable trade in timber is carried on. And we may remark, en passant, that it is a good thing for a district to have a Cabinet Minister to represent it; for we understand that a sum of �900 is put down on this year's estimates to complete the Dromana jetty. (P3, South Bourke Standard, 6-4-1866.)
5. P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-11-1890.
6. Robert Henry Adams' Hopetoun House (on the site of the McCrae Car Wash) was named after Lord Hopetoun, Governor of Victoria, who was a frequent guest. A bit of a land-lubber, he preferred to travel the rest of the way to Fort Franklin on land rather than sail all the way to Sorrento.
7. Numerous articles extol the beauty of the area and the fitness freaks loved to climb Arthurs Seat. Bathing consisted of rolling up the trousers and wading because anyone over the age of 10 faced very strict guidelines about attire (as shown on the historic board near the pier.)
8. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
9. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

The first verse is about the Dromana area before it had a pier. John Aitken was one of the earliest settlers in the Port Phillip District (as Victoria was known). He was the first man to have farm animals in the Dromana area, not by choice. This is from an article about Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania) in the Sydney Herald of 21-4-1836.
March 22-Sailed, the brig Chili, Captain Nixon, for Port Phillip. Passengers, Messrs. G. W. Sam, John Aitken, R. M'Leod, T. Harrison, J. Gray,T. Forrester.

The Chili went aground near Dromana. Guess which people helped him to carry the sheep ashore. Did you say Boon-wurrung? His sheep would have been a scared and sorry-looking lot and he probably gave them a long rest before he walked them all the way to a hill west of Sunbury. He was there by the time Governor Bourke came from Sydney to deal with John Batman's land-grab and the Governor stayed with him, naming the hill Mt Aitken.
About five years later, Hugh Jamieson bought Jamieson's Special Survey and the part of it near the coast is now called Safety Beach.

SOME RESEARCH.
1. From Melbourne Brindle's map, find: (a) the name of Jonah Griffith's boat (built near Jetty Rd): (b)which fisherman lived on the foreshore opposite Kangerong Avenue or a bit further east?
2. How does something that makes concrete stronger cause the concrete cancer?
3. How long do you think the pier is? Now measure it with a trundle wheel to check.
4. Why do some piers have old tyres where vessels berth?
5. The reserve near the pier including the playground is named after a policeman at Dromana who won the Police Valour Award and worked very hard for community groups. If you are clever find his name on the plaque (or Melway.) If you are very clever look on trove to find why he and his colleague were honoured for their bravery.

THE TOWNSHIP OF DROMANA AND KANGERONG.
The first white man to buy land near Dromana was Hugh Jamieson who bought Jamieson's Special Survey, which had the same boundaries as Safety Beach but went as far east as Bulldog Creek Road. Land could not be sold until it was surveyed and until that was done, by dividing land into parishes and then crown allotments, it was leased to squatters in huge areas called Runs. The Kangerong run had been leased to Edward Hobson who had then moved to the Tootgarook run and later to Traralgon which he gave the aboriginal name meaning river of little fish.The Arthurs Seat Run was leased by the McCraes from 1843 and the Burrells from 1851.

The Survey was leased to Henry Dunn, after whom Dunns Creek is named, from 1846 to 1851 but then was leased in smaller pieces to many pioneers whose families would be the lifeblood of Dromana right up to today. Colin McLear gave much detail about them in his book. It was another decade before Dromana existed.James Holden and Peter Pidoto were based near the Carrigg St corner. Holden had a store and Pidoto a slab hut to house his workers. Both were near the Survey where most of the population lived. Holden wanted to be near his customers and Pidoto near Sheepwash Creek where he loaded timber, wattle bark (for tanning leather) and so on from Arthurs Seat.

By the mid 1850's the parish of Kangerong had been surveyed and sold to such as William Grace, who was granted "Gracefield" in 1857 and planted orchards and grapevines.Some of the land was bought by people, such as Andrew Russell of Essendon, who did not live on their grants. Walter Gibson and Mary Ann McLear moved across the road from the Survey and established "Glenholm" and "Maryfield". As there was no pier, perishable food could not be sold in Melbourne so most farms were self- sufficient. It was hard for farmers to earn money so much barter wasused such as "if you build my fence your bullocks can graze in my paddock." The Skeltons of Sorrento had their bullocks driven to the distant goldfields, where there was a ready market, so they could earn some cash.

Luckily, a local market for the Kangerong farmers came into being in the late 1850's. It is possible that some sleepers came from Arthurs Seat in 1854 for the Sandridge (Port Melbourne) railway which opened on 4-11-1854 but by 1858 there was huge demand for this timber for railways and jetties.These people had to eat and live somewhere so William Grace could sell his fruit and wine, the McLears (later Henry William Wilson) could slaughter cattle and sheep, wheat was needed for flour and carpenters were in demand.

It was natural that the Dromana Township site would be near the timber-getting area of Arthurs Seat.The area south (uphill)of Boundary Rd had been sold to Grace and Caldwell but west of McCulloch St was still crown land. The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St and went right to the top of Arthurs Seat (Pindara Rd.)
Towerhill Rd divided larger suburban blocks some of which became the McKeown orchard where the recently named McKeown-Shaw Reserve is now located.The funniest thing about the township was the western boundary near the beach. It was called Burrell Rd which was supposed to go straight up a cliff and join Latrobe Pde where it turns to the south. Of course this road was never made!

Once a township was declared, it was entitled to a post office and a school. They had to be in the township and the post office was at the corner of Foote St and made of green McCrae granite. The rest of what we today call Dromana was section 1 of the parish of Kangerong!

THE RUDDY PIER STORE.
So here we had public buildings near Carrigg St(to service the Survey) and near Foote St (to service the Township). It's almost certain that one of the chores of the Survey children was to pick up the mail on the way home. It wouldn't be long before a general store was set up nearer the township, but where?

Rudduck and Karadoc are two ways to spell an old word, thought to be Celtic, that means red breast. If someone has a ruddy complexion that means red. People who didn't like swearing would use ruddy instead of bloody (blood being red of course.)Gee,thinking about language is fun. I just realised (from Rudduck) that the duck got its name from its prominent breast! Rud=red and duck=breast!

Samuel Rudduck was an early purchaser in section 1 Kangerong. The 103 acre block (about 400 big house blocks)over the road from Safety Beach became known as Karadoc; this being the name of one of the streets on it. Samuel's son, Nelson, was a carrier to and from Gippsland and met Jane Sophia Chapman at Springvale.They married and moved to Dromana soon after their first child was born in 1871.Nelson set up a makeshift store near the pier and later built the Pier Store on the Dromana Hub corner of Pier St. The choice of the site was really very obvious, wasn't it?

HOW KANGERONG BECAME DROMANA.
The terrific place mats at Ray Stella's Dromana Hotel contain a mistake which is my fault. I took Colin McLear's word that Richard Watkin built the Dromana Hotel in 1857,but I discovered last night while researching the pier that Richard Watkin was running the Scurfield Hotel in the township in 1858.

With the pier becoming the focus of the settlement, it is obvious that some residents, especially those on the Survey would want the post office in a more central location.The Pier Store and H.G.Chapman, the blacksmith, were near the pier and several guest houses catering for the steamer passengers and the Dromana Hotel were to the east of Pier St. In about 1927, the old showgrounds far to the east were sold and the present footy ground bought, the old racetrack behind the Dromana Hotel became the Foreshore Estate, all because of Spencer Jackson,who also sold the Panoramic Estate from which Macedon and the You Yangs could be seen.

The Survey may have had some influence in the centre of Dromana moving away from the township but it is fairly obvious that if the pier had never been built, the shopping centre would not be where it is today. Dromana had its pier before it had a road board,it has had its pier for 150 years and without its pier, Dromana will no longer be Dromana!

Children of Dromana, rise up,rise up, I say;
Dromana must have a pier, forever and a day!

SOME MORE RESEARCH.
Letter to the Editor columns in local papers give people a chance to tell many others what they think. The Mornington Peninsula Leader has such letters under the heading of Conversations.In the 5-3-2013 edition, Barbara, Iva and Robert gave reasons why the Dromana Pier must stay.
1. List all the reasons for retaining the pier given by these three people but do not repeat any.
2. Pretend that you are the Government and you don't want to spend money on the pier. Try to argue against these reasons. For example, you might say that you don't need a pier to promenade (stroll) looking at the sea.Try to argue that all the activities we love on the pier can be done without a pier.
3. Of course you really want the pier, so now you have to argue against what politicians might say so they don't have to rebuild the pier.For example, their argument that you can see the sea from the shore can be countered by Barbara's points about the stingrays and the fish swimming under the pier; you can only see such things from on top of the water.
4. Get into groups and try to think of more reasons to retain the pier. It would be good for one of the group to pretend to be a politician who doesn't want to pay for a new pier and does as you did in 2. You then have to defeat the politician's arguments as you did in 3.

POSTSCRIPT. 28-3-2014.
Beside the approach to the Dromana Pier are the George Bishop Reserve to the west and and Ernest Rudduck Square to the east. Colin McLear mentioned the latter in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and it was years before I discovered its location by pure chance. Both men were obviously great community contributors but apparently they were also both Shire of Flinders councillors although the LIME LAND LEISURE index on the internet does not mention this, and the heroic George Bishop was not in the index at all.

Therefore I was surprised to find that Dromana Secondary College exists because of George Bishop's persistence. As one of the aims of my research is to acknowledge our pioneers, I often google one of them just to check that I have succeeded. My internet research is usually done from trove (old newspapers)so I hadn't seen this before.

History and Tradition - Dromana Secondary College
Dromana Technical School 1967-1988
Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007

Dromana Technical School 1967-1988 Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007
Albeit minimal in numbers settlement commenced in the district as early as 1838. It would take until February 1861 before Dromana was proclaimed a township. Only thirteen years later in 1874 primary education began with the establishment of the Dromana State School No 184, but it would take another 93 years before secondary education in Dromana commenced.

Cr George Bishop, a Flinders Shire Councillor and Policeman stationed at Dromana, having failed to get a Technical School in Mornington the year before, called a meeting at the Rosebud Memorial Hall in October 1966 for parents of prospective students. He reported to the large crowd in attendance that his tireless work had paid off and he had won the struggle to obtain a technical school at Dromana.

Cr Bishop believed that the time was right to open a technical school to compliment Rosebud High School, a co-educational secondary school that had commenced operation in 1954, and Red Hill Consolidated School which held classes from Prep to Form 4 (Year 10). Any boy however wanting a trade education had to catch a bus and those who resided on the Westernport side of the peninsula, a train to Frankston Technical School.

It was Cr Bishops drive and enthusiasm and his no nonsense approach to the community that ensured the establishment of our school. At the time of the opening of the school (107 years after our towns humble beginnings) the population on the southern peninsula had reached a level where justification was in order for a permanent technical school for the district south of Frankston taking in the areas covered by the Shires of Flinders, Mornington, and Hastings.

POSTSCRIPT 2-11-2014.
Robert Caldwell, a member of parliament and owner of the Dromana Hill Estate and Pharos Vineyard at Dromana, gave a detailed reason in 1861 why a pier was needed at Dromana.
Extract from my ROBERT CALWELL OF DROMANA HILL journal.

There were peculiar advantages in the Dromana district. For instance the Government got all their best timber there for sleepers, piles, and telegraph posts; in fact 26,000 tons of produce were annually shipped from the place. The whole of the traffic was done by men wading up to the neck in water, there being not the least pier accommodation. He should support the motion.(Bottom of Column 4, P.6,Argus, 19-6-1861.)

SOME QUESTIONS THAT STUDENTS NEED TO ANSWER,USING COMMON SENSE, IN PROJECTS ABOUT THE DROMANA PIER.
Many answers can be found in other questions. Answer with a complete sentence for each. For example, in Question 4 you should write:
As well as being needed for cooking and heating buildings,wood from Arthurs Seat was sawn into beams and planks for ------- --------, ------- and --------.

DON'T WRITE YOUR ANSWERS,JUST SAY THEM ALOUD TO YOURSELF.
1. What grows naturally and tall in mountainous areas if there is enough soil above the rock? T-ee-.
2. What is the mountainous area near Dromana called? A---ur- Se---.
3. What fuel did people use to cook and heat their houses in the 1850's: wood,gas or electricity?
4. What else was timber from Arthurs Seat used for? Select three.
(Feeding horses; railway sleepers; jetties; making ice creams; buildings.)
3. Why was Dromana chosen by people supplying timber in the 1850's as a place for their huts? Select three.
(Ships big enough to carry timber could get close to shore; there were ice cream shops; timber only had to be dragged downhill to be loaded onto vessels; because of Arthurs Seat making clouds rise it rained more there and many springs supplied good drinking water;it was on the Nepean Highway.)
4. Being near the coast, which type of food could the settlers get without having to farm? F---.
5. Which person mentioned in verse 1 of the poem at the start of the journal carried timber in his ship to Melbourne and coastal towns where piers were being built?
6. Before the pier was built, where did Peter Pidota load his ship?
7. At which tide do you think the loading would have been done; low or high? Explain why.
8. Have you ever been bowled over by a breaking wave at the beach?
9. Have you ever been dumped off a surf board or inflatable boat by a breaking waves?
10.What would make loading or unloading near the shore dangerous? Start your answer with two consecutive words used in both questions 9 and 10.
11. Why would a long pier extending into deep water make it safer to load and unload ships? Choose three answers.(ships would not get wet; ships would not get stuck on the sea bed at low tide; boats would not violently rise up and down because of breakers; those loading or unloading would not get drenched.)
13. What sort of cargo would ships bring back after taking lime from Rye and timber from Dromana to Melbourne?
Remember that many settlers had vegetable gardens, small orchards, chooks, dairy cows and the sea close by. Select all correct answers. (timber; dress and curtain material and clothes;fruit; milk; cheese; flour; water; furniture; fish.)
14.What are two other benefits provided by the pier for Dromana's early residents? Select two.
(They could do bombs like we do; fishermen could unload their catches more easily and drape their nets over the side rails to dry; big steamers could dock there to load and unload tourists who usually stayed for a long holiday but sometimes crammed a drive to Cape Schanck or Arthurs Seat's summit into a shorter stay.)
15. What was the name for the places where tourists stayed? (motels; pizza shops; guest houses.)
16. What were the names of the three most famous steamers? Look in Melway 169 H5.
17. Why did the bay steamers stop coming? Choose three.
(roads had improved; buslines started carrying tourists in the 1920's; more people owned cars; they were all sunk in x-box games.)

I don't think you'll need them but the answers to these questions are in the 2-11-2014 comment box.

Having mentally answered all those questions you now have understanding. Write a few sentences explaining why the pier was needed, a few details about efforts to get one, different ways in which the pier has helped Dromana and provides enjoyment for today's visitors. Try to draw (or provide)at least 8 pictures with informative captions, such as "Loading Peter Pidota's vessel at Sheepwash Creek" or "Drying the nets".

2 comment(s), latest 4 months ago

DROMANA'S THREE GOLF COURSES, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

DROMANA.
A well attended working bee in connection with the new golf links was held the other afternoon, and under the direction of the president of the club, who was a most energetic toiler, a very creditable amount of work was done. Messrs Shaw, of the Kangerong boardinghouse, kindly dispensed refreshments during the afternoon. Needless to say these were highly appreciated by the heavy grafters.

The new links should prove attractive to golfers, as they are conveniently situated in a picturesque spot in one of Mr Gibson's paddocks*, close to the sea shore. The annual meeting of the Dromana Golf Club was held in the hall on Tuesday week, the president (Mr Welling) in the chair. The treasurer submitted last year's balance-sheet,which showed a credit of 13s. 6 d. Mr Welling was re-elected president, Mr G.H.Rogers** secretary and treasurer,and Messrs W. Gibson and A. V.Shaw auditors. (P.5,Mornington Standard, 18-11-1905.)

*In 1910, Walter Gibson was assessed on 447 acres and buildings, 400 acres and 670 acres, all described on being in Kangerong (parish.) Glenholm consisted of only 268 acres. Much of the extra land would have been leased on Clarke's majority portion of the survey where he washed sheep in Sheepwash Creek and straightened the last mile of Dunn's Creek but the 1879 rates seem to indicate that he owned 365 acres exclusive of Glenholm.

In 1919-20,William Gibson was assessed on 659 acres on the survey (exact locations given), while Margaret Gibson (probably Walter's wife, Margaret, nee Purdie)was assessed on 166 acres, c/a 4 section 2, east of Glenholm across Collins Rd. William Gibson had land near post office (N.A.V. 35 pounds and crown allotment 10 section 1, Walter J.Gibson crown allotment 2 section 19, Jessie Gibson 164 acres and buildings c/a 9 and 9a, section 2 (actually section 1,the eastern portion of Glenholm fronting the west side of Collins Rd)and Adam Gibson 116 acres and buildings,c/a 10,section 2 (actually section 1,the western part of Glenholm, consisting of 116 acres and 2 roods, which included today's Rainier Ave and Lombardy Ave sold as the Monaco Estate. Even the critical Cr Terry, who had resigned about a decade earlier because of inadequate description of properties, would have though things had improved by 1919.But without a parish map and knowledge of the location of Glenholm (William Cottier's grants),he would not have noticed that the two parts of Glenholm were incorrectly described as being in section 2 (east of Collins Rd)and that William Gibson was wrongly assessed on the Western part of Glenholm (on which he was was living) because Adam Gibson paid therates on the buildings and the entire 116 acres.

However we are concerned with determining the new golf course site " conveniently situated in a picturesque spot in one of Mr Gibson's paddocks*, close to the sea shore." and the two best possibilities,in light of Melbourne Brindle's map, seem to be :
William Gibson's land near post office (N.A.V. 35 pounds)
and Walter J.Gibson's crown allotment 2 section 19.

finddateofmovetorelocatepostoffice





**Mr Rogers was the teacher at Dromana State School for 12 years until mid 1906,and was very involved in community activities, such as serving as secretary of the Show committee. (See: Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 21 July 1906 p 2 Article.)
His son,Hunter Rodgers, wrote a history of the peninsula in 1961.
The early history of the Mornington Peninsula / by Hunter ...
nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an20139419
Also Titled. Early history of the Mornington Peninsula : Westernport, Frankston, Geelong &â Queenslcliff. Author. Rogers, Hunter. Edition. 8th ed. Published.

Ewart (Melbourne) Brindle grew up in Dromana between 1904 and 1918 and the power of observation that made him renowned internationally for his illustrations on American magazine covers is displayed in a map of Dromana drawn nearly three decades after he left for America. The map,available from the Dromana Historical Society shows every tee,fairway and green of the first Dromana golf course.

The first tee was on the west side of Arthur St quite near the present George St corner. Arthur St had a slight dogleg to the left and met Palmerstone Avenue slightly more to the east than it does today, possibly because of boggy or rocky ground,and the green was near the present corner. The second fairway ran along Palmerston Avenue stopping just short of Boundary Rd and the third was a short one over today's Boundary and Caldwell Rds. It is unlikely anyone using such streets and roads was in danger of being collected by a topped drive!

The third hole was in the township of Dromana, whose eastern boundary was McCulloch St,with the part of modern Dromana to the east being properly called section 1,Kangerong. The fourth fairway was from just south of Arthurs Seat Rd to the Glenone Avenue corner.The fifth hole went from near the present Rosebud- bound on ramp to near the corner of Foote and Claredon Sts. The sixth was very short but a test of nerves existed in the form of a dry gully. The seventh crossed Heales St to a part of the present schoolground opposite the James St corner, the creek, which provided mudfight fun for the scholars such as Ewart and his sister, requiring a confident pitch onto the green. This hole was Miss Noble's* Waterloo,even from the ladies' tee which was on the east side of Heales St.

The eighth crossed McCulloch St with the green near the midpoint of the length of James St. Jolly Barker's house was at the corner of the non-existent Thomas and Francis Sts; The ninth ,starting near the present freeway went north on the east side of Jolly's house nearly to the bend in George St.

*Despite her bogie hole, Miss Noble was a very good golfer.
Her timing was often astray on the seventh but what about the timing of her trip to England?

Departure of Miss Noble from Dromana.
A very pleasant evening was spent on Monday last to bid farewell to Miss Noble, late matron of the Convalescent
home, ". Airlie, " who left on Wednesday by the " Orvetes," on a pleasure trip to England.(etc.)
(P.2,Mornington Standard, 16-5-1914.)

Miss, Miss, Miss; didn't the matron have a given name? It was probably Edith?
DEATHS. NOBLE.âOn the 27th December, Edith Noble, of "Airlie," Dromana, (P.1,Argus,28-12-1918.)

Edith was obviously an independent spinster and may have been living at Dr Weld's

PROPERTY SALES.-The 6-roomed villa known as "Airlie," situated in Palmerston avenue, Dromana, has been purchased by Miss Edith Noble, of Dromana.(P.2,Mornington Standard,18-8-1906.)


OPENING AND CLOSING.
This is the last mention of the original golf course.

DROMANA.
The opening tournament of the Dromana Golf Club was played on 25th ult., for the trophies donated by the Club. The following are the results :-Nine holes. Mixed Foursome-Miss McKewen (McKeown, of the Aringa guest house) and A.V. Shaw (25 handicap, 44 net), Miss Hazeldine and W. Evans(scratch, 47), 2nd; Miss Ritchie and Mr McWilliams (8 handicap, 52 net), 3rd. Twelve pairs competed.

The score of 47 put up by Miss Hazeldine and Mr Evans (the local scratch players) was a great performance, and has reduced the record for a mixed foursome from 52, held by two players from the Riversdale Club, Melbourne.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 4-7-1914.)

The second and third courses were those of the ROSEBUD COUNTRY GOLF CLUB and the SAFETY BEACH COUNTRY CLUB.

SUMMIT COURSE?
The following seems to indicate that a course was to be built on Arthur's Seat,(perhaps on Seawinds.) This was the only mention of it that I have found. Perhaps the depression stymied their plans.

ARTHURS SEAT ROAD.
Opening Before Christmas.
The continuation of the Arthur's Seat
road at Dromana is being completed, and
it is proposed to have the official opening
before the Christmas holidays. The
tower on the mountain is being repaired,
and a nine hole golf course is being laid
out A rustic kiosk will be built.
(P.13, Argus, 8-10-1929.)

L8888888888888888TER ON.

DROMANA -Nearly 70 acres at Safety Beach has been set aside for a golf course, and a club has been formed under the name of the Dromana Country Golf Club. The designing of the course is left to Mr A. Russell and the links will be open about the middle of December. It will be available to visitors and members alike.
(P.10, Argus,5-9-1930)

DROMANA COUNTRY GOLF CLUB.
New Links at Dromana.
Golfers and others from all parts of the peninsula
attended the opening of the new links of the Dro
mana Country Golf Club. The course, which is
in a rough state is situated at the foot of Mount
Martha, and the nine holes all command beau
tlful views of Port Phillip Bay, Arthur's Seat
and Mount Martha. The nature of the soil and
the layout of the course proved a surprise to the
many golfers. The club is applying for affiliation
with the V.G.A. (P.3, Argus, 22-12-1930.)

There is much more detail about the course in my journal about SAFETY BEACH such as the location of the course and the extant clubhouse which later served as a guest house.

"Between the wars a course was constructed on part of Bean's Safety Beach property.It was thickly studded with clumps of reeds,silver tussocks and bracken fern. After W.W.2 the Bean property began to operate as Locksley Chase Guest House." (P.171, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

The aforementioned journal spills the beans on Mr Bean and the R.A.C.V. speed trials, proceeds from which went to the bush nursing hospital,Lou Carrigg using the course to promote his hotel, and the probable involvement of the McDonalds* of Rye in the last few years of the course.
SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY NEAR DROMANA, VIC., AUST.
by itellya on 2013-02-16 04:45:09. page views: 1206, comments: 3

(*The McDonalds' course at Rye, bounded by Dundas St and Golf Parade, became the Ryelands Estate and was sold by Bill Prentice who drove down every week andparked his car at the end of Lyon St to serve as an office.




SAFETY BEACH COUNTRY CLUB.
Safety Beach Country Club started its life under a different name and as the grand vision of property developer David Deague to create one of the first integrated housing and sports facilities in Victoria.

Following the example of the Gold Coastâs Sanctuary Cove, David planned an estate of some 400 homes intertwined with a nine hole golf course, and boasting a spectacular club house/function centre now known as The Atrium.

Five floodlight tennis courts and a swimming pool between the course and the function centre added more sporting facilities. The Mt Martha Valley Country Club, as it was then named, was for the use of all residents and land owners who were to bel contracted to pay yearly maintenance fees.

During construction more than 1,000 palm trees were transported to the site. Coco palms were sourced from northern New South Wales and Canary Island date Palms from Queensland, all of which led to a very different and stunning look for the locale. Land sales were promoted around Australia and in Asia.

CHANGE OF DIRECTION

Unfortunately the original project was before its time and fell on hard times. Slow land sales meant that income to support maintain and enhance the golf course was not sufficient. To protect their lifestyle a group or residents and estate land owners formed the company Mt Martha Valley Estates Limited which purchased the sporting facilities and the function centre from the developers.

To become viable the club needed to open all facilities to the public; to be competitive with other Mornington Peninsula golf courses and attract golfers, it upgraded the golf course to eighteen holes.

Over a period of two years, and the majority of work being accomplished by the dedicated team of four grounds staff, nine new holes were constructed without interruption of play on the existing nine holes. The original holes were sown with seaside bent and the new greens with Penn links bent. Fairways are sown with fine ryes, all cool season. Some 200 palm trees were relocated to define the new fairways, and over 3,000 native trees and bushes have been planted.

A new club house and ProShop built by volunteers from the Estate blends into the panorama, along with the New Atrium restaurant/convention centre, and the valley resort with its fine accommodation units.
Safety Beach Country Club's Story & History
(safetybeachcountryclub.com.au/our-story/
Safety Beach Country Club started its life as the grand vision of David Deague to create one of the first integrated housing & sports facilities in Victoria.)

EARLY CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA,FROM TROVE.

The purpose of this journal is to acknowledge pioneers of the parish of Tullamarine not uncovered in Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows rate records,directories,local histories and oral history interviews with descendants of pioneering families, the main sources for my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.

The chronology will be preceded by an alphabetical index listing surnames and years* under which they appear so that family historians can quickly find if their ancestors are mentioned and only those who have a general interest need to plough through the whole journal. (*Pioneers mentioned incidentally in important background information will be labelled IBI.)


INDEX.
Some families were not resident in the year indicated, so don't be put off by the year. For instance, Alan Payne was a much later owner of land between part of Gowrie Park and Glendewar on which the airport terminal was built but is MENTIONED under 1861, as are J.R.Murphy, Hyslop and W.S.Cox in relation to Peter McCracken's dairy at Kensington.

1868C9 is a warning that the 1868 article re Richard Mitchell's insolvency and associated comments about fellow 1863 Broadmeadows ratepayers would not submit in the journal and finally submitted in comment 9. Residents mentioned in other comments will have C1, C2, C3 etc. after their surnames.

ALLEN 1861; ALSTON 1863; ANDERSON 1865,1868C9; ANGUS Andrew 1861; ANNAND IBI; BEAMAN 1868C9; BEECH C1; BETHELL ,C7; BLACK 1849; BREES 1861; BROWNE 1863,1868C9; BUNBURY I.B.I.; CLARK 1849,1861;CLARKE 1861; COCK 1861,1868C9; COGHILL 1849, 1861; COUSER 1868 C9, C7; COUSINS C6, C7,C8;DEAKIN 1863; DEWAR 1861; DUNCAN 1861,1864; DUNN 1863,1868C9; ELLIS 1861; EVANS 1868C9,C7,C11; FAWKNER 1861; FOSTER IBI,1868C9; GAWLEY 1868C9;GLENN 1863,1865, 1868C9; GRANT 1861, 1867; GUTHRIE 1857,1861,1862,1863, 1865, 1868C9; HAMILTON IBI; HARVIE C13; HENDRY 1855, 1866,1868C9,C7, , C13; HOCTOR 1868 C9; HOLLAND C1, C7;HYSLOP 1861;JOHNSON 1861; KENNEDY 1861; KENNY 1849; KETTLE 1868C9,C6; LAZARUS C1; LOEMAN 1861; LOFT 1868C9; LOVE 1865,1868C9; McCLUSKEY 1847; McCRACKEN 1849; 1861; McKERCHAR 1861; McNAB 1861; MACONOCHIE 1863,1868C9; MANSFIELD 1861; MILLAR 1868C9; MITCHELL 1868 C9; MURPHY 1861; NASH 1868C9; NEWMAN 1849; O'NIAL 1849,1868C9; PAYNE 1861; PETER 1868C9; POWELL 1859,C1; PRAIN 1857,1861 (SEE TRAIN); PUCKLE 1861; PURVIS 1855, 1868C9; RIDDELL 1847,1868 C9; SALMON 1861; SHARP 1868C9; TAYLOR 1861; TENNIEL C1,C7; THOMSON 1861; TRAIN (sic,PRAIN) 1861; WRIGHT 1868C9; WRIGHT Tulip C1; YOUNG C1;

IMPORTANT BACKGROUND INFORMATION.
TULLAMARINE PARISH MAP.
This can be found online with a TULLAMARINE,COUNTY OF BOURKE search.


CROWN LAND: LOT NUMBERS NOT CROWN ALLOTMENT NUMBERS!
John Carre Riddell's selection of 640 acres previously occupied by William McCluskey in 1847 illustrates a danger which family historians must keep in mind. Lot 3 in the parish of Tullamarine was NOT crown allotment 3,parish of Tullamarine;it was crown allotment 6. Do not assume that lot numbers in advertisements and reports of crown land sales or occupation licences correspond to crown allotment numbers.

Crown allotment 3,Tullamarine of 640 acres (SUBMIT) on the north side(SUBMIT) of Sharps Rd(SUBMIT)fr(SUBMIT)om
Broadmeadows Rd (submit)to its western end,(submit)was granted to W.V.L.Foster on 27-1-1843.(submit)Riddell's selection,previously occupied by McCuskey, was crown allotment 6 of 640 acres, on the western side of today's Mickleham Rd f-r-o-m a point

just south of the Freight Rd corner

to a point across the road

fr-om

Forman St with its

south west corner being crossed by Link Rd before the road curves to the west (midpoint of bottom of Melway 5,E 10.) This square mile was granted to Riddell on 30-3-1848 and with crown allotment 15 to the north,for which he'd received the grant on 30-11-1842, became part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate.

In this case, lot two was crown allotment (or section) two. But to make sure this was so, I needed to see evidence,which luckily was provided. Section 2 Tullamarine,west of William Foster's section 3, was granted to George Annand who must have been the successful bidder and received the grant on 22-6-1850. J.F.L. Foster's section 20 Doutta Galla,"Leslie Banks" was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river to the line of Spence St and section 2 joined Bunbury's grant,section 1, at the boundary of Melway maps 14 and 15. Section 1 was known as Glengyle and later Arundel.

2. 640, Six hundred and forty acres,
parish of Tullamarine, section No. 2.
Bounded on the north by section 7 ; on
the east by W. V. L. Foster's 640 acres ;
on the south by J. F. L Foster's 712
acres ; and on the west by R. H. Bun-
bury's 790 acres. (49-112)
(LEASES BY AUCTION. P.1, Argus,5-6-1849.)

SEGMENTATION AND CONSOLIDATION.
When crown land was first put on sale in the parish of Tullamarine in 1842, lot numbers and portion (section) numbers were the same but lot 19 was portion 1 in the parish of Bulla Bulla. The depression, which climaxed in 1843 and was basically caused by an oversupply of sheep, led to most of the huge areas of land not being sold.

Many sections fronting Deep Creek and the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds were broken into small crown allotments which were later consolidated to form farms such as Aucholzie on the former and Camp Hill and Viewpoint on the latter.

John Pascoe Fawkner bought portions 7, most of 13, and 10 on behalf of his land cooperative members in about 1850 and subdivided them into farms of about 7 acres. Riddell and Hamilton, who had swapped some land near Bulla Rd with Fawkner, subdivided the Camieston estate at about the same time, with Chandos (fronting the west side of today's Mickleham Rd
f-r-o-m
Freight Rd north to the creek)
comprising about 450 acres, and the rest consisting of blocks of about 7 acres that were consolidated into farms such as Fairview and Sunnyside.

The part of William Foster's section 3 east of Bulla Rd was leased in small parcels with the Lady of the Lake hotel operating by the late 1840's and most of the land was occupied by small farms such as Broombank and a paddock associated with the Junction Hotel. (Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Ct area.)


Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1840 - 1845) Monday 22 August 1842 p 4.
PORT PHILLIP---SALE OF LAND. HIS Excellency the Governor directs it to be notified that, at eleven o'clock of Wednesday, the 19th day of October next, the under-mentioned portions of land will be put up to selection, in some convenient place in the town of Melbourne, Port Phillip. The holders of land receipts under the regulations of 21st January, 1841,will be allowed to select, without competition,
f-r-o-m
the lands now advertised, and at the fixed price of £ 1 per acre, in satisfaction of their orders; but this permission will only extend to within one month
f-r-o-m
the day of sale, namely, to the 19th day of September inclusive, in order that the public may have due notice of the lots thus disposed of. Further information respecting the lands may be obtained f-r-o-m the Surveyor General, in Sydney, and the officer in charge of the survey department in Port Phillip ; and respecting the conditions of sale f-r-o-m the Colonial Treasurer, in Sydney, and the Sub-Treasurer, at Melbourne.

.1. Bourke. nine hundred and seven acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 1,upset price £1 per acre.
2. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 2; upset price one pound per acre.
3. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine. portion 3; upset price one pound per acre.
4. Bourke, seven hundred and eightyone acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 4; upset price one pound per acre.
5. Bourke, seven hundred and eighty.five acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 5; upset price one pound per acre
.6. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 6; upset price one pound per acre.
7. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 7; upset price one pound per acre
.8. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 8; upset price one pound per acre
.9. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of' Tullamarine, portion 9; upset price one pound per acre.
10. Bourke, four hundred and forty eight acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 10; upset price one pound per acre.
11. Bourke, nine hundred and sixty five acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 11 ; upset~price one pound per acre.

12. Bourke, three hundred and thirty eight acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 12 ; upset price one pound peracre. -
13. Bourke, nine hundred and sixty one acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 13; upset price one pound per acre.

14. Bourke, six hundred and forty acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 14 ; upset price one pound per acre.

15. Bourke, seven hundred and thirteen acres, parish of Tullamarine,portion 15 ; upset price one pound per acre.
16. Bourke, five hundred and thirty three acres~ parish of Tuilamarine, portion 16; upset-price one pound per acre.

17. Bourke, nine hundred and forty one acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 17; upset price one pound per acre.
18. Bourke; seven hundred and twenty three acres, parish of Tullamarine, portion 18; upset price one pound per acre.

Seems crazy but it seems that part of my problem submitting was that FROM must be a dirty four letter word.
Imagine my relief to find that the text for lots 1 to 18 (which did not include that naughty word)submitted in one go!


CHRONOLOGY.

1847.
OCCUPATION LICENSES.
WITH reference to the sale of Occupation Licenses, to take place at Melbourne, on Wednesday the 30th instant,
Notice is hereby given that lot No. 3, county of Bourke parish of Tullamarine,containing 640 acres, under

license to William M'Cluskey until the 30th June, 1847, has been selected by John Carr Riddle (sic) at the

upset price of £1 per acre, in accordance with the Act of Parliament, 5th and 6th Victoria, Cap. 36, and is

therefore withdrawn

f-r-o-m

the sale above mentioned.
By order of his Honor,the Superintendent, ROBERT HODDLE, Surveyor. Survey Office, Melbourne,June 1, 1847.
(P.2,The Melbourne Argus, 8-6-1847.)

1849.
The 1849 electoral roll for the Port Phillip District included the following residents living in the parish of Tullamarine. The parish ran north f-r-o-m

the line of Sharps Rd and the east-west course of the Maribyrnong River to the line of Grants Rd. Moonee Moonee Ponds within the parish meant near the Moonee Ponds Creek, such as Camp Hill, Viewpoint, Stewarton, Chandos,Fairview, Sunnyside and Glendewar. Moonee Ponds also included residents outside the parish of Tullamarine such as the Napiers of Rosebank and the Robertsons of La Rose; some residents whose address was only given as Moonee Moonee Ponds have been included as they were known to live within the parish of Tullamarine.

ARGUS, 25-6-1849, 29-6-1849, 3-7-1849.
BLACK Neil, Moonee Moonee Ponds (owner of section 5, Stewarton,later renamed Gladstone,which was leased by Peter McCracken* 1846-1855); COGHILL George,Tullamarine (Glencairne, which became the southern part of Walter Clark's Glenara circa 1856-his father William Coghill,owned Cumberland across the Moonee Ponds in the parish of Will Will Rook); KENNY Air (Eyre) Evans, Camphill, Moonee Ponds (section 4,crown allotments 3 and 4);
NEWMAN,Daniel, Moonee Ponds; O'NIAL David William, Springs,Mt Macedon Rd (i.e.the Lady of the Lake hotel just south east of the present Melrose Drive/ Derby St corner); RIDDELL John Carre,Moonee Moonee Ponds (i.e.sections 6 and 15).
* Peter McCracken's own words (McCracken letters)but his address was given as "near River Plenty." on the roll.

1855.
MARRIED.
By special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry,youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth,Scotland.(P.4,Argus, 4-7-1855.)

Thomas Purvis bought lots 14, 27 and 28 of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate which had frontages to the west side of Wright(now Springbank) St and the north side of Derby St (roughly Melway 5 G8.) James Hendry,probably Christina's brother, was later the postmaster for Tullamarine, probably at the junction near the Junction Hotel and the toll gate.

1857.
Alex Prain marries Miss Hendry (mentioned under 1861.)

On the 28th ult., at her son's residence, Glengyle, after a long and protracted illness, Elizabeth Guthrie,
widow of late Mr. John Guthrie, Inch, Invernesshire,Scotland, aged 78 years. (P.4,Argus,3-3-1857.)
Elizabeth was the mother of Andrew and James Guthrie.

SORRY READERS;I CAN'T HELP MYSELF. I WONDER IF "INCH" GREW INTO A TWELVE TIMES BIGGER SETTLEMENT AND WAS RENAMED "FOOT".

1859.
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED. W.H. Powell, conveyance of mails to and f-r-o-m

Journal abandoned. See comment 1.

NO WONDER I RETIRED!

1861.
Tullamarine looked likely to get a railway in the 1880's and 1920's but they already had a Train in 1860. The store was probably at Tullamarine Junction near the toll gate and the Wesleyan school.

POSTSCRIPT. THE INSOLVENT MAY NOT HAVE BEEN A TRAIN AT ALL. SO MUCH FOR MY CORNY JOKE. I appear to have been correct in guessing that the Hendrys took over Alexander's store. See the marriage notice. Broadmeadows probably means the district rather than the township. Confirmation that the insolvent's surname was Prain,a list of those to appear at the insolvents' court, follows the marriage notice.


NEW INSOLVENTS.
Alexander Train, Tullamarine, storekeeper.Causes of insolvency-Depression in business and pressure of creditors. Debts. £69 15s. 3d. ;assets, £57 2s. 8d. ; deficiency, £2 12s. 7d. Mr. Goodman, official assignee. (P.1s, Argus, 14-1-1861.)

On the 26th inst., at Lonsdale-street Congregational Church, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, Mr. Alexander
Prain, of Campbelfield, to Miss Mary Hendry, of Broadmeadows. (P.4, Argus,28-3-1857.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 February 1861 p 6 Article
... , Benjamin Tinker, Friderick Leonard, Maslen and Litchfield, Thomas Cox, Alexander Prain, Richard ..

DEATH BY DROWNING.-Mr. Candler held an inquest, on Thursday, at Keilor, on the body of a man named Andrew Angus, who was found drowned in the Deep Creek, a few days ago. The deceased had been in the service of Mr. Guthrie, a farmer, at Glengyle, and was last seen alive on the 11th ultimo, on his leaving for Melbourne,
with a load of hay. The evidence appeared to lead to the conclusion that he had been drowned while attempting to cross the creek, which was Swollen at the time. The jury found a verdict to that effect.
(P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 13-8-1861.)
Poor Andrew would have drowned at Bertram's Ford,just metres west of the modern Arundel bridge.

TULLAMARINE FARMS.
I was disappointed when I first read the following article because I was expecting the same sort of wide-ranging tour that the Mornington Standard conducted over most of the Mornington Peninsula in 1902,with detail of every farm. Despite the small number of farms described,the article contains much interesting detail. The itemised costs of farming,which I'd never thought about, are thorough but would be more meaningful if the expected return per ton of hay had been given. The wheat would probably have been carted through Glenara,with the permission of Walter Clark,(who had bought land and the Inverness Hotel from Alexander Kennedy and George Coghill's "Glencairn" to the south in about 1856) to the flour mill on Lochton (Melway 176 C4),whose ruins are heritage-listed.This mill closed in 1863 and, like Michael Loeman on Tullamarine Island, those mentioned as wheat growers below probably gave up wheat growing. I will make some comments about the article in italics re location,the farm and farmer etc. at the end of each farm description. I will have to guess that Mr.D.'s brother (Duncan? Dewar?) was the occupant of Gowrie Side and that Mr Coghill's forest was on "Cumberland."


FARMING IN THE DEEP CREEK
DISTRICT.
(FROM THE FARMERS' JOURNAL.)
At a distance of about twelve miles from Melbourne, 0n the road to Bulla, is situated Tullamarine, hamlet, village, or township,whichever it may be, but under which of these designations it now ranks we should be rather perplexed to decide. Time was, when Tullamarine might have hoped for development into a full-blown village, but that was ere railways had an existence, and before also the now capitally metalled, but little used road, had replaced the rugged and at times impassable bush track, the only facility afforded for travelling in those days. It was than that butchers, bakers, and storekeepers, plied an active trade with the multitude of draymen who thronged to the levees of the 'Lady of the Lake", (peace to her ashes)alas, no more. The ' Beech Tree' alone now offers the shade of its wide spreading branches,as a rest for tho thirsty traveller ; the slight wooden tenements, in which a thriving business once was done, are apparently deserted, and the
traffic 0n the road is insufficient to prevent the metal becoming nearly as verdant as the fields.

The road to Bulla Village from North Melbourne was declared in 1847 and was THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS in the early 1850's. Heavily laden drays during the early years of the gold rush left the road in deplorable condition. In 1854,the government chose the route through Keilor when spending much money on a good road to the diggings, and the first high level bridge in that village that would not be swept away in the next flood,Samuel Brees' bridge which lasted 14 years before being replaced by the iron "flower basket" bridge.

That new route took the passing trade away from Tullamarine, Bulla and Sunbury,the last named being overshadowed by "The Gap" on the road to Mount Alexander. Sunbury was saved from becoming a sleepy hollow in 1858 when the Murray River and Mt Alexander Railway reached the town. The planned village of Gretna Green on the part of Camp Hill west of Bulla Rd went down like a lead balloon.

It is now known that the Lady of the Lake was destroyed by fire PRIOR TO OCTOBER 1861. I knew that it no longer existed in 1867 when my great grandfather, John Cock, started his 15 year lease on the adjacent "Broombank".


But if the natural progress of settlement has been hostile to the commercial prosperity of the place, the agricultural interest has not been similarly affected ; farmers have proceeded with their ploughing, sowing, and reaping, much as farmers always do, excepting that a great deal of the land on this, as well as on the
Keilor road, exhibits unmistakeable signs of exhaustion from repeated cropping with cereals without manure. These symptoms are apparent on portions even of the best managed farms in this neighborhood, and must inevitably continue to characterise it until root and green crops are more generally grown, and live stock to a proportionate extent kept for consumption.

The wiser farmers continued the old country practice of crop rotation (including a year in fallow)but with the demand for hay from carriers to the diggings,most farmers placed more importance on the proverb:"make hay while the sun shines."

The first farm to which our attention was directed was that of Mr John Grant, of Seafield, who has 400 acres of naturally good agricultural land, 100 acres of which are under the plough and the remainder in native pasture. Artificial or English grasses,as they are termed, have not as yet been much sown in this neighborhood, but many of the farmers have made a beginning, and we here saw 22 acres of lucerne and rye grass, affording a strong contrast to the natural pastures, and which will ensure, we should think, a much wider breadth being sown in future. The wheat crop consists of 73 acres, the remainder of the arable land being occupied by oats, chiefly for hay.

This crop was looking very well, guano having been used on it at the rate of about 1 cwt to the acre. Hay being the staple product of the district, we endeavored to obtain, from good authorities,an estimate of the cost of this crop, which it was generally agreed was about as follows :
'Wages and maintenance of ploughman, 28s per week ;
keep of pair of horses, 3 bushels of oatsand 3 cwt hay, 27s per week ;
blacksmith, 3s per week ;
3.5 bushels of seed per acre, at 4s.

A man and a pair of horses could plough one acre per day, and thoroughly harrow five. It was considered that rolling would cost about 1s per acre. So far, then, the calculation would stand thus :
Ploughing and harrowing 5 acres,
man's wages and keep L 1 8 0
Horses' keep L 1 7 0
Blacksmith L 0 3 0
Rolling L 0 5 0
Seed, at 14s per acre L.3 10 0
Mowing, at 6 s 6d per acre L.1 12 6
Making, at ditto L.1 12 6
Stacking and thatching, at 5s per acre L 1 5 0
(total) £11 3 0
or about £2 4s 7d per acre in the rick, exclusive of rent and interest on capital invested, onwhich we could get no very satisfactory decision. Every farmer can add the £l per acre he has been paying as rent, or the holder of an occupation license can add his half-crown. One and a half ton per acre was considered a fair
average crop, which would make the actual expenses enumerated above amount to £1 9 9 per ton.
Rent say at £1 per acre . . L.0 13 4 do. (per ton)
Trussing, 4s per ton L 0 4 0 do.
Marketing, commission,dues and all other expenses L. 0 16 0 do.
Making tho cost £3 3 1 per ton,exclusive of interest on capital.

The cost of growing and making hay differs in various parts of the colony, and we should be glad if any of our readers whose experience does not agree with the above would afford us the means of comparison, by informing us in what respect our figures differ from theirs. But to resume.

On our return from inspecting the corn crops, we passed through the orchard and garden, containing a moderate assortment of healthy trees in very full bearing. Near to this is a reservoir capable of supplying all the stock on the farm for more than a year, should a lengthened drought happen ; it was formed by damming a small creek in which, at the depth of 22 feet, a spring was met with. This creek, by a succession of dams, might be made a highly ornamental object when viewed from the windows of Mr Grant's new house, a fine bluestone
structure in process of erection on the adjoining rise. The stables and barn are commodious : the latter contained an easily worked thrashing machine, by M'Cartney and Drummond, and the bulk of the last year's crop of wheat, a fine sample of white Kent, which had the fortune to be well harvested.

The natural pastures were tenanted by a small herd of Ayrshires, and a second herd were in occupation of similar ground on the other side of the farm. Tho bull we saw and several of the cows were pure bred, and very good specimens of the breed, though rather low in flesh, the Ayrshires being great milkers, and inapt to lay on flesh till they are dried off, after which they rapidly get fat.Their value for the dairy is well known, and we were not, therefore, surprised that all of the dairy cows kept here had more or less of the Ayrshire blood in them. There is, as usual, a favorite old cow, from which most of the herd has sprung ; she is 17 years old, hale and hearty, but thin.

A few good mares were here with their foals one, a half-bred Suffolk, had just dropped a fine foal to Ben Lomond.

In the corner of the paddock, nearest the Deep Creek road, is the National school, on the site presented
by Mr Grant. We were startled to find about sixty scholars assembled, and wondered very much whence so many could have come.

It is amazing that the McNabs were not mentioned. John Grant was married to a McNab lass and both families purchased section 8 Tullamarine (640 acres)from the crown with Grant taking the northern half fronting Grant's Lane (Melway 4H 6-7 to 5 A 7,part 8)and the McNab brothers each having 160 acres,Victoria Bank adjoining Seafield and Oakbank further south (Melway 4 G 9 to 5 part A,parts 9,10.) The McNab Ayrshire herd was famed throughout Australia and formed the basis of the Tasmanian herd. I would not be surprised if the Grant herd originated from the McNabs' Oakbank Annie, the first Ayrshire cow imported into Australia, and the McKerchar herd at Greenvale originated in the same way.(See my MCNAB journal.)

The Seafield River Frontage (Melway 4 F8) comprised the rest of John Grant's 400 acres. The Seafield homestead was being built in 1861. This fact has not been established before. Seafield National School (Melway,bottom of 4 F5)operated from 1859 to 1884 when it and the Wesleyan School were replaced by State School 2613 at the Bulla Rd/ Conders Lane (Link Rd)north corner. It is no mystery where the large number of pupils came from.John Pascoe Fawkner had established a land co-operative settlement on both sides of Mansfields Rd (Melway 4 C 2-4 to G 3-5)circa 1850. This was north west of Seafield. He had done the same on section 7 east of section 8 and such as Joseph Allen (5 B8)would have found the Seafield school much closer than the Wesleyan one (Melway 5 H 12).

John Grant had a claim to fame. It was not as the pioneer of Ayrshires as members of his family later claimed. If this claim was true, John would surely have mentioned it in his 1888 biog.in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS. But he is credited with growing the first large tract of wheat in Victoria while at Campbellfield, before moving to Tullamarine.


Taking leave of Seafield at this point, we entered on the farm of Mr David Duncan, a level piece of good agricultural land about 470 acres in extent, 332 of which are under the plough and the balance in natural pasturage.There is a fine stretch of wheat, 120 acres all in one piece, looking remarkably even and well,but sown rather later than we would have liked. Of oats intended for seed we inspected forty acres, very good and even ; next to which were forty acres of self-sown, intended for hay,of which we have only to say that they were better than self-sown oats deserve to be. It appeared, however, that they were not intended for a crop, but were considered too good to plough up. There is also a breadth of 120 acres for hay, which as far as the cursory glance we were enabled to give them permitted us to judge, were likely to give an average crop, ex-
cepting the late sown ones ; these must rely solely on the weather during the next two months ; the twelve acres of barley in ear was a capital piece.

Mr Duncan is among the successful exhibitors of horse-stock, both at Melbourne and country shows, and his pasture land contained several fine mares and young stock of various ages.

David Duncan was a joint grantee of section 14 Tullamarine in 1850 but later bought the share of his partner William Thompson. Bulla Rd had cut off 80 acres at the north east corner so that Gowrie Park (unsubdivided) consisted of 560 acres but the northern part,Gowrie Side of about 90 acres was obviously detached from it by 1861 because David only had 470 acres;perhaps Thompson's share of the grant had been the northern 90 acres and the north eastern 80 acres cut off by Bulla Rd. Gowrie Park is west of the airport terminal building and extends north to about Distance Rd. David Duncan was a founder of the Agricultural Society and was highly applauded for his contributions. (See PORT PHILLIP PIONEERS website.) He was also a builder and built the now-demolished Roseneath east of Woodlands Park, Essendon where Big Clarke died and William Salmon lived for many years. (See my DAVID DUNCAN THE BUILDER journal.)


The farm of Mr Dewar adjoins that of Mr D. Duncan ; there is also a farm in the occupation of a brother of Mr
D.'s, the homestead of which is prettily set off by Mr Coghill's forest,its sombre green forming an admirable background and shelter from hot winds.

It was rather stupid of the reporter to use Mr D. as an abbreviation when he was discussing both Mr Duncan and Mr Dewar. William Dewar's Glendewar was across Bulla Rd from Gowrie Park. It was part of Riddell's grant, section 15 Tullamarine, as was the south east corner now containing the original airport terminal,which Riddell sold to John Mansfield (volume 106 folio 595)that was Alan Payne's pig farm Scone when acquired for the airport.

William Dewar was a caretaker for Riddell* before purchasing a large part of it.(volume 46 folio 766.) (*His biog.in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.) Glendewar's Bulla road frontage stretched from the bottom of Melway 5 E7 to the middle of 5 B4 and the new homestead built by the Johnsons (after the beautiful Cumberland homestead -Melway 5 C1-was burnt down)was at the junction of the freeway and Melbourne Drive in the top half of 5 D6. William Dewar's original homestead was much nearer the Moonee Ponds Creek.It is not shown on the ordnance map mentioned below but a driveway to nothing,nearly 800 metres long indicates that this bluestone dwelling was near Marker Rd in Melway 5D4.

An army ordnance map reproduced on page 17 of my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE shows all the farm houses in the area under discussion in the article and far beyond. A driveway left Grants Lane (the southern boundary of Gowrie Park) 693 metres east of McNabs Rd and extended 800 metres due north to a house. At the time (about 2000), I assumed that this was the Gowrie Park homestead but I now notice what seems to be a house only 213 metres north of Grants Rd about 960 east of McNabs Rd and 1280 metres east of Ellis's corner (the bend in Melrose Drive which was the original Bulla Rd/ Grant's Lane corner.)

I now think that the more northerly house was the Gowrie Side homestead occupied by David Duncan's brother and that the one farther east was the Gowrie Park homestead.Thus the Gowrie Park homestead in the bottom left corner of 5 A5 and the Gowrie Side homestead would be near the top right corner of 4 J4.

Just where in Gowrie Park the reporter was standing when he saw Mr D's brother's farm "the homestead of which is prettily set off by Mr Coghill's forest,its sombre green forming an admirable background and shelter from hot winds" is not known. The hot winds would be northerlies so I believe he was at about the site of gate 18 in 4 J5 looking at the Gowrie Side homestead (east of the runway in 4 J4) with Coghill's "Cumberland" forest visible directly behind at 5 A1.



Time, however, prevented our visiting these places,but it may be mentioned that on most soils in that district, the early wheats are irregular; no rain having fallen for so long a time after they were sown, much of the seed perished or came away at uncertain intervals, some even as late as that sown in the spring. The same cause
operated unfavorably on the early sown oats, part of which are in jag whilst others have barely attained six inches in height. There is not, perhaps, much more wheat sown this year than in average seasons, in the district under notice, but there is certainly less hay, much of the land that once bore it being no longer
under cultivation. The larger farms are gradually initiating a reproductive system by increasing the amount of stock, though as yet not to much extent, and we were gratified to observe the importance of root crops beginning to be recognised. But on passing down the Deep Creek Road towards Melbourne, the number of small farms now vacant leads to the inference that such limited holdings do not, at the present price of produce, prove remunerative to the occupant. With proper farming, and attention to minor matters, they might have afforded a living to an industrious man ; but though attempting to cultivate more than can be done well is bad policy, it is equally injudicious and unprofitable to be cramped for room ; both extremes should be avoided.

The smaller farms of about 7 acres,or multiples thereof,would have been too small to allow rotation of crops and much grazing other than for a milking cow,a horse for ploughing, small gardens and orchards etc.,so the soil soon became depleted of minerals. On top of this,lack of farming expertise and the fall-off in passing trade due to the Keilor route, many members of J.P.Fawkner's land cooperative sold their blocks which were absorbed into Oakbank or were consolidated into Love's dairy farm or Spiers' 101 acre farm (later Bill Ellis's "Ecclesfield".)

Nearing Melbourne, and whilst still in the district of Moonee Ponds, many of the fields present one unbroken mass of sorrel, just now in bloom. To these no stronger contrast could be afforded than the beautiful paddock that connects Mr M'Cracken's farm with the road, now perfectly white with the blossoms of Dutch clover.Why, with such an example before them, the owners or occupiers of sorrel paddocks permit them to remain in so unprofitable a state, we cannot conceive. At best, it is very discreditable, and we hope they will take the hint.(P.7,The Age, 24-10-1861.)

As a city slicker, I had no idea what sorrel was. The Wikipedia entry has some good photos and much detail,of which I provide only the following.

Common sorrel or garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa), often simply called sorrel, is a perennial herb in the family Polygonaceae. Other names for sorrel include spinach dock and narrow-leaved dock. It is a common plant in grassland habitats and is cultivated as a garden herb or leaf vegetable (pot herb).

Peter McCracken's farm was "Ardmillan" which fronted Mt Alexander Rd between the lines of Derby St and the Ardmillan Rd/Park St midline. Peter had leased much of today's Gladstone Park from 1846 to 1855 and then leased two thirds of Murphy's grants between Macaulay Rd and Swamp (Dynon) Rd at Kensington to run a dairy farm while his Ardmillan mansion was being built with profits from the family brewery. He moved onto Ardmillan,probably leaving the dairy in the care of Mr Hyslop (Victoria and its Metropolis entry;can't remember his christian name)but poor returns and burnt haystacks etc.forced him to give up the Kensington dairy farm which (with part of Highett's grant fronting the east side of Footscray - now Kensington-Rd) became the Kensington Park Racecourse run by W.S.Cox until 1882 when Murphy's estate was subdivided,forcing a move to Feehan's Farm at Moonee Valley.

Peter was a major shareholder in the private railway between North Melbourne and Essendon,which was in operation by 1861. Therefore the beautiful paddock described was between the railway and Mt Alexander Rd. The railway closed in 1864 due to losses and Peter was forced to sell the majority of Ardmillan to Rev. Puckle's son and the beautiful paddock to Taylor, after whom Taylor St is named.He moved to a heritage listed house in Powlett St (Gipps St corner?),East Melbourne.


DEATH OF JOHN McNAB'S MOTHER.
THE Friends of Mr. JOHN Mc'NAB, farmer, of Tullamarine, are respectively Invited to follow the remains of his late mother to the place of interment,Campbellfield Cemetery, The funeral will leave Tullamarine to-morrow, Friday, at 11 o'clock a.m. (P.8, Argus,26-12-1861.)

Campbellfield cemetery could mean the Will Will Rook cemetery or the even more historic cemetery near the Scots Church in Sydney Rd. In this case it was the former.
Will Will Rook Cemetery - Australian Cemeteries
www.australiancemeteries.com/.../Will%20Will%20Rook%20Broadmead...
Will Will Rook cemetery is located off Camp Road Broadmeadows and is also ... then 2007. Looking towards McNab grave on left and the Camerons on right.


1862.
Dr Candler held an inquest at Essendon yesterday, on the body of a man named James Guthrie. The deceased was a farmer, residing at Tullamarine, with his brother. They had been to Melbourne together on the Monday, and his
brother went home on Monday evening, leaving him in town. From the evidence of a Mr Rocher, who keeps the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Moonee Ponds, it appears that deceased came to his house and stopped there drinking until a late hour in the night, when he called for his horse,which he mounted and rode away. He then appeared capable of taking care of himself. Charles Wooley, a laboring man, found the deceased at half-past six o'clock on Tuesday morning, lying on his face, quite dead, on the Keilor road, near the Lincolnshire Arms, to which place he conveyed him. There were no marks of any struggle having taken place near the spot. The horse belonging to the deceased had gone home, and was found by deceased's brother standing outside the stable door next morning. The jury returned a verdict that deceased had died from extravasation of blood on the brain, probably caused by a fall from off his horse. (P.5,The Age,28-8-1862.)

The Farmers'Arms still stands on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St,Essendon but is no longer a hotel. Mr Rocher was probably leasing the hotel from Peter Pitches who started it and is recalled by Pitches St just south of the hotel site. William Chadwick from Broadmeadows Township later ran it for many years before moving to Benalla and building a hotel of the same name which remains,near the station.

The Guthries would have travelled to Glengyle via Keilor Village and today's Borrell St (named after the 1916 Spanish pioneers on Gumm's Corner when the Calder Freeway cut it off) which was originally called Arundel Rd, crossing the river on Bertram's Ford.The Linc. still stands on the same site but is not Tulip Wight's original building. The Woolleys were early pioneers who lived in the area for a long time and I seem to remember George Woolley living in the historic "Laluma". Alexander and James Guthrie were co-grantees of 1022 acres in the parish of Bulla. As Andrew had moved onto Torgarf*just over a fortnight after his brother's death, I presume that the deceased was the co-grantee.

POSTSCRIPT. Andrew Guthrie would have gone to Torgarf (not Glengyle)on the Monday night to give his dairy cows a beauty treatment the next morning so they'd look attractive for the sale of his 65 cows and dairy implements on September 4.Ironically the advertisement and the inquest report were published on the same day! It appears that James was finalising the departure from Glengyle (selling the corn,or Maize? crops etc)while Andrew got Torgarf underway,having already transferred the dairying operation.
M .M'cCAW and ANOTHER have received instructions from A Guthrie, Esq., in consequence of his determination to confine his attention exclusively to sheep farming, to SELL by AUCTION, at Torgarf, near the Constitution Hotel, etc. (P.2, Argus, 28-8-1862.)
The Coopers'Constitution Hotel was across Sunbury Rd from the Lancefield turn off (Dunsford's Track.)


IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA : in Its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.-
In the Goods of JAMES GUTHRIE, of Glengyle, in the Parish of Tullamarine, in the County of Bourke, in
the Colony of Victoria, Farmer, Deceased, Intestate -Notlce 1s hereby given, that, after the expiration of
fourteen days after the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honourable Court, In its eclesías-
tlcal jurisdiction, that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of all the personal effects whatsoever within the
colony of Victoria, of the above-named deceased, James Guthrie, may be granted and committed to Alexander Guthrie, of Torgart*, near Sunbury, in the county of Bourke, in the colony of Victoria, brother and next of kin to the said deceased.
Dated this 10th day of September, À D 1862. MACGREGOR acd HENDERSON, 67 Little Collins street west, Melbourne, proctors for the above named Alexander Guthrie. (P.7, Argus, 16-9-1862.)

1863.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 3 January 1863 p 4 Family Notices
BIRTHS. BROWNE.-On tho 1st inst., at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, Mrs. H. J.Browne of a daughter.
Hugh Junor Browne was an early member of the Broadmeadows Road Board but resigned in 1864 or 1865 while serving a term as chairman, along with James Maconochie of Stewarton (northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park)and John Bethell of Broadmeadows Township. (P.55, BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)Andrew Lemon can be forgiven for giving his surname as Brown (as it was written in the rate book!)

A letter from Hugh Browne, who said much the same as his neighbour to the north (Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint) about the Melbourne Hunt's disregard for farmers' fences and crops has been included in my journal DON'T YOU DARE MELBOURNE HUNT.

I'm guessing the baby was named Pattie and was the subject of one of a series of articles entitled WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO MAKE AUSTRALIA. Good guess?
Deakin, Elizabeth Martha Anne - National Library of Australia
nla.gov.au/nla.party-728060
At age 19 in 1882 Pattie Browne married Alfred Deakin who became the ... Pattie Browne was born at Camp Hill, Tullamarine Victoria on 1st January 1863. ... In 1912 Pattie was invited to be president of the Lyceum Club, a new club for women



Glenn and Guthrie farming on Camp Hill. (Assessment in Broadmeadows rates.) The name of Robert Glenn's partner cannot be recalled at the moment but it was not Alexander and James (the Glengyle farmers); Glenn's partner's brother was W.J.Guthrie,as revealed in a progress report re the insolvency of Robert Glenn.

I.W.Symonds (BULLA BULLA) or Grant Aldous (THE SHIRE THAT TOOK OFF- unpublished manuscript perused at the Sam Merrifield Library)stated that Gilbert Alston conducted his trade at Tullamarine before becoming a Bulla pioneer.This advertisement confirms the claim. I wonder if his nephew, William Alston and young Gilbert (who became early Mornington blackmiths in partnership*) started their apprenticeships with Gilbert at Tullamarine or Bulla. (*THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE by Bruce Bennett.) See the ALSTON entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal for extensive information.

WANTED, an APPRENTlCE, or improver, to the wheelwright business. Apply to Gllbert Alston, Tullamarine.
(P.1,Argus, 11-7-1863.)

1864.
DAVID DUNCAN'S DEATH. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 17 December 1864 p 8 Family Notices
... -park, Tullamarine, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment in the Melbourne ...

1865.
William Love showed little love to Thomas Anderson whom he assaulted. William Love had a wedge shaped parcel of land on the west side of Victoria St which separated Charles Nash's Fairview from William Dewar's Glendewar and I believe that Thomas Anderson's land (assessed by Broadmeadows Road Board) was south of Fairview. The following record comes from Sue O'Neill and Angela Evans' "Selected Keilor Court records."
Keilor Court records - Freepages - Ancestry.com
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pobjoyoneill/.../keilcourt.h...
(found in a google search.)

ANDERSON, THOMAS LOVE, WILLIAM ASSAULTING THE COMP. BY STRIKING HIS HEAD AGAINST THE GROUND. 07 FEB 1865. DAMAGES 10/- COSTS £2.2 IMMEDIATE PAYMENT.

Not many Tullamarine residents seem to have appeared at the Keilor court but the LOVE AFFAIR continued with William Love accusing Thomas Anderson of hitting him with a spade. The charge was dismissed.

LOVE, WILLIAM ANDERSON, THOMAS ASSAULTING COMPLAINANT WITH A SPADE AT TULLAMARINE ON 28 JAN 1865. 07 FEB 1865 DISMISSED

INSOLVENT COURT. Saturday, 11th March. (Before the Chief Commissioner.) SPECIAL EXAMINATION MEETING.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Monday 13 March 1865 p 6 Article
... . IN RE ROBERT GLENN.The insolvent, who had been a farmer at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, was examined by ...

EXTRACT ONLY. He (Robert Glenn)affirmed his inability to tell the whereabouts of his partner, who had gone off he knew not whither. The wife of the insolvent was then called, and admitted that, on the occasion mentioned, she gave a book and a number of papers to a man named Guthrie, who was working in the garden, to keep them for
her. She was corroborated by Guthrie.

Broadmeadows' ratebook of 1863 had assessments for Hugh Junor Browne and for Glenn and Guthrie on Camp Hill. While researching Alex Guthrie and his brother,firstly on Glengyle (section 1 Tullamarine) and later near Sunbury,I thought that the Guthrie on Camp Hill might have been one of those two brothers but he wasn't. He might have been a third brother or totally unrelated. Robert Glenn said that he didn't know the whereabouts of his partner, whose brother W.J.Guthrie was the man working in the garden and who testified in court.

At first I thought that Glenn and Guthrie would have been on the part of Camp Hill between Bulla and Broadmeadows Rd later known as Mansfield's triangle but then realised that being Broadmeadows ratepayers they would have to be between Bulla Rd and the Moonee Ponds Creek.


1866.
The Hendry family had probably taken over Alexander Train's store and it was to be the polling place in Tullamarine for the South Province election. The polling places in Bulla was the common school (by 1866 in School Lane, I believe)and in Broadmeadows Township the Church of England School (on the site of the present Westmeadows Primary School, having earlier been on Mr Raleigh's farm and then in St Paul's if I remember the school's history correctly.) Keilor's was in the court house,now better known as the old shire hall.


Mrs. Hendry's store, Tullamarine. (P.8, Argus,1-10-1866.)

1867.
Campbellfield Cemetery was the Will Will Rook Cemetery in this case too.
THE Friends of Mr. JOHN GRANT, of Seafield, Tullamarine, are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late daughter Mary Christina, to the place of interment, Campbellfield Cemetery. The funeral will leave his residence, Seafield, tomorrow (Tuesday), October 8, at 11 o'clock a.m.HENRY ALLISON, undertaker, Victoria-street west, Melbourne. (P.8, Argus,7-10-1867.)

1868.
See comment 9 re Richard Mitchell's insolvency and Tullamarine residents paying rates to the Broadmeadows Road Board in 1863.

15 comment(s), latest 4 months, 3 weeks ago

EARLY DAYS OF THE POST OFFICE (AND AUSTRALASIA'S FIRST SAWMAKER) AT RED HILL NEAR DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

Many tales in family folklore never made it into newspapers or documents. They could be true, just like I distinctly remembered reading an article a year or so ago about a letter sent from the Red Hill post office
by the postmistress. The descendant of Australasia's first sawmaker, who is writing a family history, wanted to document an aspect of this folklore regarding the Red Hill post office and sent me a private message through FAMILY TREE CIRCLES. At the time I knew exactly where his land at Red Hill was, when he was first assessed and that he was a saw maker,all from rate records. I had already read about his connection with the post office at Red Hill. But I didn't know he was Australasia's first saw maker!

Unfortunately I can't find the webpage re "Australasia" and it's nearly 1 a.m. so I'll go with one from the museum about his waistcoat.

Waistcoat - W.H. Blakeley, circa 1850-1900 - Museum Victoria
Off-white waistcoat that once belonged to William Henry Blakeley. His name is stamped inside the neckline. It is likely to date to the mid to late 19th century, although men's clothing of this period can be hard to date precisely and was often worn for many years.

Part of a collection of (word left out) and other material relating to the life of William Henry Blakeley and the Blakeley family donated to Museum Victoria. William Blakeley was the first saw manufacturer in Australia. He was born in England in 1839 and was indentured as a saw maker. In 1867 he set up his own saw shop in Little Bourke Street - soon to become a successful manufacturing business, W.H. Blakeley and Co (which became W.H. and Company Proprietary Limited in 1922), with several locations in inner Melbourne. The Blakeley business has continued into the 21st century. The donor and her sisters are the daughters of William and Annie's son William Gillott Blakeley and his wife Ada Henrietta.

The firm that the Red Hill pioneer started is still going strong. I left the next sentence out because the lady writing the family history ran the firm for some time afterwards before retiring.

WH BLAKELEY INDUSTRIAL KNIVES
William Henry Blakeley established his saw and knife manufacturing company in Melbourne in 1867. Born in Sheffield, England, in 1839 he was indentured as a saw maker and 1865 was commissioned to journey to New Zealand to install the then world's longest continuous bandsaw in a mill in in Tairu on Comomandel Peninsula. This installation completed he travelled to Melbourne and worked as a sub-contractor at a large mill on the bank Yarra River where the Arts Centre is now located.

In 1967, he set up his own saw shop in Lt Bourke Street.


In THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore wrote that William Henry Blakely had come from Sheffield in England,had made the world's largest bandsaw and taken it to New Zealand where he had stayed for two years to maintain it. This accords with the Industrial Knives website, which brings me to the Dromana Pioneer Pathway. It has a plaque stating WILLIAM HENRY AND MARTHA BLAKELEY 1865. The trouble with family folklore is that facts are there but get tangled up. William Henry Blakeley certainly arrived in 1865- in New Zealand!

When I read the saw maker's death notice and saw that his wife's name was Annie, I thought the plaque had a second error. When I mentioned this to the aforesaid author, she pointed out that Martha had died after bearing four living children and William had remarried in 1886 to Annie who also gave birth to four children who survived. Later I came across Tonkin's F.T.C. journal about the SHACKLOCK family and discovered Annie's maiden name, which tickled my sense of stupidity. Remembering the log cabin (probably built by Edward Barker, who was completely unrelated to the Barkers of Cape Scanck and Boneo and certainly related to William Henry Blakeley) that was moved from the Outlook Paddock to Blakeley's 140 acre block, I penned this product of too many late nights.

While grieving still for Martha
On the seat reserved for Arthur
His hut door slammed-what a shock!
He got himself a shack lock.

CONTINUE-SHEILA'S P.O. DETAILS (INCL. MISSES BAKER) AND RATE INFORMATION (MARSHALL TO WHEELER.)
On page 23 of THE RED HILL, Sheila Skidmore discusses the early days of the settlement's post office. It opened in August 1871 with Alexander Marshall appointed postmaster at 10 pounds per annum. He was succeeded by Charles Davies in 1873. Emma Maloney (see below)was appointed as postmistress in 1876 at 15 pounds per annum. About this time the property was purchased by W.H.Blakeley for his son-in-law George Cousins*. Blakeley extended the buildings to build the present post office and a small store. He also added an oven and bakery which was probably never used.

P.24. Elizabeth Wheeler took over in 1878 and continued until Ethel M.Wheeler took over on 11-11-1925, continuing until 1936.Next to fun the post office was Miss A.Liversidge, followed by F.Molloy in 1954, L.H.Dawson in 1955 and R.Kinder in 1966.

* Rate records lack detail. The two Dromana Hotels, post offices, stores and dwellings at this time were described as "buildings" and in most cases the OWNER column was blank so it could not be determined whether the occupier owned the property or was leasing (and from whom.) William Henry Blakeley was assessed on 173 acres (no buildings)which I believe was Robert Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 10B Kangerong, across Arthurs Seat Rd from the eastern part of Blakeley's 72A Balnarring. This land fronted Sheehans Rd (the original south end of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was made)with its northern boundary being Tumbywood Rd,near the post office. There is no proof that the sawmaker had not bought the post office and also no proof that he had.

However, George Cussons was certainly not William's son-in-law in 1876 and for a long time afterwards.
CUSSONS, BLAKELEY -[Silver wedding ] - On the 15th June, 1892, at Methodist Church, Kew, by Rev.J.J.Brown, George F.Cussons, only son of George Cussons, Stockport, England, to Martha, third daughter of W.H.Blakeley,(Redesall", Elphin grove, Glenferrie Melbourne. Present address, Commercial Bank of Aust. Ltd., Wycheproof.
(P.11, Argus, 23-6-1917.)


WILLIAM HENRY BLAKELEY'S LAND.
Any old residents of Red Hill would know exactly where "Blakeley's" was. It was crown allotment 72A in the parish of Balnarring,consisting of exactly 140 acres, and on the eastern corner of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Roads,with frontages, respectively, of 921 and 807 metres. This land was granted to R.H.Holding on 20-2-1865. The south west corner is indicated by the F in Melway 190 D5 and the north east corner was just east of the Sheehans Rd corner.


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

WON'T SUBMIT.

173 ACRE, KANGERONG.

775 ACRES, WANNAEUE (WEST RIDING)




This is the article that I remembered from one or two years ago that I have been trying to find for two weeks. Would you believe that I found it by entering "post mistress, red hill" after wasting hours searching "Red Hill post office", "post mistress, Mahoney", "letter, postmistress", Red Hill,Mahoney" (all in The Argus 1870-1879)? I could not correct the text in trove so I've done it here apart from the postmistress's name.
A respectable-looking married woman named Annie Simpson was charged at the Emerald-hill Police Court on Saturday with unlawfully obtaining by means of false pretences a letter, the property of the Postmaster-General, and addressed to Mrs.Anna Maria Nicholson, Clarke-street, on the 10th December last. It appeared that the letter was written and posted at Red-hill, near Dromana, by Mrs. Mahony (sic), the postmistress, and addressed to " Mrs. Nicholson, Clarke,street, Emerald-hill." It contained 2s 6d worth of postage stamps. The letter-carrier at Emerald-hill called at the house of the prisoner in Clarke-street thinking that Mrs. Nicholson,to whom the letter was addressed, resided there. Mrs. Simpson, in reply to the letter-carrier, said she was Mrs. Nicholson, and took the letter, which, after the postman had left, she opened and read in the presence of a woman named M'Kendrick. She told Mrs M'Kendrick at the time that she took the letter because she knew the handwriting.
Mrs. Mahony and the prisoner were acquainted, and it appeared were not on good terms, and the latter justified her detention of the letter and stamps to Mrs. M'Kendrick by saying that Mrs, Nicholson had had many a pound that she should have had.

Prisoner afterwards returned the letter to the person from whom it had been sent, but without the stamps. The prisoner was arrested on the 23rd inst. at Fitzroy by Detective Lomax, when she admitted having taken the letter. The Bench considered that the prisoner had deliberately imposed upon the postman,and fined her 5 with
10s. costs; or, in default of payment, one month's imprisonment.(P.5, Argus, 29-1-1877.)

4 comment(s), latest 1 month ago

EARLY LANDHOLDERS IN THE PARISHES OF MOOROODUC AND FRANKSTON, (and Edithvale, Carrum) VIC., AUST.

This is another journal based on William Vale's letter of 1855.

As it is fairly long,in order to help family historians to quickly locate the surname they seek, I have produced an index. Names mentioned within an entry are shown in brackets after the subject of the entry.
1.SETTLERS (with approximate locations.) 2. RUNS. 3. EARLY ROADS AND CANADIANS. 4. EARLY GRANTEES (with specific locations-Davey, Wooley, Isaacs, Vale, Craig and O'Grady, Stenniken, Smith, Lintott, Fulton,Robertson, Yewers, Cobb, George Main,Sykes, Yuille.) 5. McMAHON,CARR AND LIARDET. 6. BAXTER.
7. WEDGE. 8. DAVEY. 9. HUNTER (BUTCHART.) 10.YUILLE. 11. BALCOMBE (Lintott,Cobb,Hann,Downward.)
12.HEARN (Clarke, Boadle, Salmon,Evans, Hann.) 13. RUDDELL (Wilson and many other occupiers of Tuerong.)
14 (and comment 13.)DOREY. 15. JOSEPH HARRIS. 16.J.T.SMITH (Slaney,Mrs Firth's death at the Moorooduc Railway Crossing,reported all over Australia.) 17. Victorian Freehold Land Society. 18. LINTOTT. 19. YEWERS (Grover.) 20. COBB. 21. DAVID KELLY'S MEMORIES OF FRANKSTON.




1. SETTLERS.
ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. MOUNT ELIZA AND SNAPPER'S POINT. To the Editor of the Argus.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Thursday 27 December 1855 p 7 Article
... a Bri- tish colony,-that is, according to Chateau- briand, a public house, has made its u|)i>ear ... Mcmahon, Liardet and Carr . The Bay frontage of Mount Eliza forms the pre-emptive right ... 1098 words

I am only going to include the portions of the letter that discuss early landholders;the purpose being to give the locations of their properties and any other details that happen to pop up.

But the other day, and the whole of the distict was divided into squatters runs of which tho owners were Messrs. McMahon, Baxter, Wedge, Davy, Hunter, Yuille, Bal- combe, Hearn, Riddle, and others........

I think Mr Dory in the following is a mistake. The pre-emptive right along the coast of Davey Bay would have to be that of James Davey, as shown on the Frankston parish map. This is the passage from the letter.
The Bay frontage of Mount Eliza forms the pre-emptive right of Mr. Dory. Despite this, the information about the Doery family will be retained.


(After viewing Baxter's pre-emptive right from the top of the mountain.) Returning to the Bay and passing Mr Dory's homestead we come to an allotment belonging to Mr. J. T. Smith who owns another large allotment at the back. Soon we come to Mr. Lintots place who is determined to have a comfortable place, and being an old bushman from the Edward's River, he is likely to succeed. Close by are several small farmers, on allotments of the judicious selection of the Victorian Free- hold Land Society. Further on are the establishments of Mr. Ewers, and of the enterprising Mr Cobb, both of whom seem capable and determined to go ahead. Next we note Hunter's pre-emptive. We come on to a pretty hill, having some fine views on which the proprietor has expended a considerable sum in fencing and building a cottage.



LET'S TRACE WILLIAM VALE'S ROUTE ON MELWAY.
The boundaries of each landholder's property will be given in detail later. I will repeat the above, inserting a melway reference for each property.

(After viewing Baxter's pre-emptive right from the top of the mountain 102 A10?.) Returning to the Bay and passing Mr Dory's homestead101 G8 we come to an allotment belonging to Mr. J. T. Smith 101 D11who owns another large allotment at the back 105 F6. Soon we come to Mr. Lintot's place 105 D1 who is determined to have a comfortable place, and being an old bushman from the Edward's River, he is likely to succeed. Close by are several small farmers, on allotments of the judicious selection of the Victorian Freehold Land Society?. Further on are the establishments of Mr. Ewers 105 A 8, and of the enterprising Mr Cobb 104J8, both of whom seem capable and determined to go ahead. Next we note Hunter's pre-emptive 104 H8. We come on to a pretty hill, having some fine views on which the proprietor has expended a considerable sum in fencing and building a cottage.(The gatehouse at Beleura? Butchardt?)

-------------------------------------------------------

2.RUNS.
From north (Canadian Bay-Eramosa Rds)to south (Ellerina-Foxeys Rds)the Tuerong run was almost in the middle of
the parish of Moorooduc. It ran south to Merricks Beach between the Coolart Run and Henry Tuck's Manton's Creek Run. To the west were the Mt Martha Run (Hearn last occupant),Balcombe's Run established by Captain Reid and Davey's Kannanuke Run (in the parish of Frankston near Daveys Bay. The Wedge Run was the Frankston area. Steve 74 points out that the McMahons' run was about1000 acres called the Long Beach Run,perhaps near Carrum
and they later had land near Skye. East of Tuerong was the Run occupied by the Kings and adjoinig Tuerong to the north was Yuille's ill-defined Run. To the east of Yuille was Captain Ben Baxter's Carrup Carrup.

-----------------------------------------------------

3. EARLY ROADS AND CANADIANS.

The northern boundary of the parish of Moorooduc at Mt Eliza was originally called Boundary Rd but it was renamed Canadian Bay Rd because of three Canadians who supplied firewood to the Liverpool which anchored a mile offshore at the end of the road.

THE THREE CANADIANS.
Alfred Jones and J.Hodgins were two of the Canadians after whom Canadian Bay was named. The third was McCurley, who was also said to have settled in the area afterwards.
I have not come across the name of McCurley yet. I wonder if he was actually Edward McGurk, grantee of 203 acres in crown allotments 61 and 62 Moorooduc, on the west side of Jones Rd south of Bungower Rd.

EARLY ROADS.
The Frankston parish map which showed a road north of Daveys Bay Rd which zig-zagged to the coast from Pt Nepean Rd (Old Mornington Rd.) It was closed and replaced by the present road (gazetted 1886/781.) The present Nepean Highway through Mt Eliza was not gazetted until 1922. The route to Sorrento is shown on the Frankston parish map as being (from the south end of Old Mornington Rd)along Mt Eliza Way and Wooralla Drive. This would have led to Three Chain Road,the original name for Moorooduc Rd.

-------------------------------------------------

4.EARLY GRANTEES.
This has been inserted almost at the end of my work on this journal, with only the Yuille entry to complete. Much earlier, I had unsuccessfully tried to establish when William Robertson established his Tanti Sheep Station on the area south of Bungower Rd through which Robertson Drive runs. The following casts doubts on the statement that A.B.Yuille's Ballanrong lease was not cancelled until 1857; I presume his purchases were part of the Ballanrong Run.It could be that Yuille leased the pre-emptive until 1857. It might have been in 1857, (supposedly 1856 according to the female drover) that the Catholic (and later Presbyterian) Quinns started leasing their block on the north west corner of Moorooduc and Mornington-Tyabb Rds where the electricity substation now stands. The Quinns and the Roberts of Roberts Rd (who might have helped Joseph Porta make the colony's first bellows) were related by marriage.

For purchasers not already mentioned*, I will supply crown allotment numbers and locations.

COUNTRY LOTS.
County of Mornington.Frankston, near Mount Eliza, about thirty three miles from Melbourne.
Upset price, £1 per acre.

14. Three hundred and ninety-three acres, three roods, one perch, Wooley and Davey. £511 I8s, 9d. the lot.
This confirms my theory that Wooley and Davey were in some sort of partnership.

15. Three hundred and ninety acres, one rood, twenty-five perches. S. G. Isaacs. £400 I8s. 7d. the lot.*
Crown allotment 2, section 5,parish of Frankston.Fronts north side of Canadian Bay Rd from the highway to the eastern boundary of St Thomas Moore church and school. Humphrey Rd frontage roughly between Fulton and Mather Rd corners.

I6. Three hundred and ninety acres, one rood, twenty-five perches, W. M. K. Vale. £390 8s 2d. tho lot.
Between the grants of Isaacs and Craig & O'Grady. Frontages of 800 metres to the two roads.

17. Three hundred and ninety acres, one rood, twenty-five perches, Craig and O'Grady. £SMSa. 3d. the lot.*
Walter Craig and J.O'Grady.Crown allotment 4, section 5, parish of Frankston. Fronted Moorooduc Highway (1952 metres),with frontages to Canadian Bay Rd and Humphreys Rd of 800 metres. The Frankston and Hastings Shire (18 ac., 1926.), Rye's Ben Stenniken (10 ac. 1894) and the Quarry Picnic Area (23ac. 1933.)later occupied the Moorooduc Rd frontage.

Moorooduc, South of Frankston, from thirty four to forty miles from Melbourne.
Upset price, £1 per acre.

18. Two hundred and eighty-two acres fifteen perches, J. T. Smith. £400 0s. 11d. the lot.

19. Two hundred and ninety acres one rood two perches, E. Lintott, L580 10s. 6d. the lot.

20. Two hundred and fifty-one acres three perches , Fulton and Others. £753 1s. 3d. the lot.*
Thomas Fulton and others. Crown allotment 3, no section,parish of Moorooduc.Between Kunyung Rd and Gunyong Creek. (Melway 101 D5 to B2.)

21. Two hundred and seventy-nine acres one rood thirty three perches, A. Robertson. £14115 5s.9d. the lot.*
Crown allotment 4, no section,parish of Moorooduc. Between Gunyong Creek and Sunnyside Rd. The parish map has the grantee as William Robertson.

22. One hundred and fifty-nine acres three roods , nine perches, Jno. Yewers. £808 0s. 3d. tho lot.

23. One hundred and ninety-two acres three roods two perches, A, B. Cobb. £1010 18s 5d. the lot.

24. Three hundred and seventy acres two roods thirty-five perches, George Main. £689 4s. 0d. the lot.*
Crown Allotment 14, no section, parish of Moorooduc. Bounded by the Nepean Highway, Oakbank Rd, and Bungower Rd east to number 105.East boundary about 100 metres from Balcombe Creek. Main might have been a dummy bidder for the Yuilles,who were selling it a few years later.

25. Four hundred and ninety-six acres one rood sixteen perches, Peter Davis, £615 5s. 2d. the lot.*
C/A,15, no section, Moorooduc. North of Main's grant,between Oakbank and Cobb Rds and the north east corner at the bend in Wooralla Drive. This block was being sold soon after. The advertisement appears in this journal.

26. Two hundred and ten acres three roods,Fulton and others. £410 19s. 3d. the lot.*
Crown allotment 17, no section, parish of Moorooduc. Bounded by the Nepean Highway, Wooralla Drive and Tower Rd.

27. One hundred and twenty-two acres two roods sixteen perches, A. Sykes. £208 8s. 5d. the lot.*
That's got me tossed! John Sykes was granted crown allotment 21, section 24. This 60 acre block fronted Racecourse Rd between, roughly, the Clarica Close and Mondana Way corners, extending west to Harraps Creek (near Layton Crescent.)

28. Four hundred and thirty-seven acres one rood thirteen perches, J.T. Smith. £437 7s. 9d. the lot.

29. Three hundred and ten acres two roods twenty-five perches, A. B. Yuille £347 19s. 7d. the lot.*
The above must be crown allotment (20?) of 316 acres 1 rood and 15 perches, bounded by Wooralla Drive (Moorooduc), Tower Rd, a line indicated by Wynnstay Rd, Moon St and the south west boundary of Mount Eliza Regional Park and Moorooduc Rd to the commencing point.


30. Two hundred and ninety-four acres three roods fourteen perches, A. B. Yuille. £433 14s. 6d. the lot.
The above must be crown allotment 22 of 289 acres and 24 perches which was south of the previous grant and bounded by Balcombe Creek, Wooralla Drive, Moorooduc Rd and Bungower Rd (east to the creek.)

31. Two hundred and fifty-five acres, A.B. Yuille. £522 15s. the lot.
We finally agree on one! This was bounded by Nepean Highway,Tanti Creek/Watt Rd, Racecourse Rd and Mornington-Tyabb Rd. Some of this had already been subdivided and more was advertised by the end of 1858. Yuilles Rd is on this allotment and runs to Pentecost Rd which is named after another pioneering family.

32. Four hundred and seventy-five acres, W. Robertson. £712 10s. the lot.*
This was lot 13 of 475 acres, north of Watt Rd to Bungower Rd and stretching from the highway to Racecourse Rd.This was the Tanti Sheep Farm, which might have included c/a 4 on the north side of Sunnyside Rd. Some old farm buildings have been incorporated into the Currawong St Community Centre.

(P.5, Argus, 27-9-1854. Government Land Sales on the 26th.)


---------------------------------------------------------------------------
McMAHON.Parish of Frankston.
(Comment after my journal about the MT MCMAHON AGRICULTURAL DISTRICT.)
by steve74 on 2013-04-01 01:15:17
James McMahon
Born 1806, Tyrone Ireland
Married Maria Kelly C1835 Ireland
Arrived Port Phillip 1841 "Strathfieldsaye"
1847 listed as "Herdsmen" at Collingwood, Victoria
Died New Zealand, 1872 (visiting a son on the New Zealand Goldfields"
C.1850 is said to have a "Run" that stretched from Mordialloc Creek to Kananook Creek.
Also said to have operated the Half Way House (Carrum Hotel)

5.McMAHON,CARR AND LIARDET.
It was no co-incidence that these three were mentioned in the same breath by William Vale because their grants (and possibly their Runs) adjoined at Melway 103 A2 in the parish of Frankston.
The land bounded by McMahon Rd,Skye Rd, McLelland Drive and Beach Rd-Cranbourne Rd was divided into four grants, all of 320 acres except for speculator, Byrne's crown allotment 2 at the corner of McMahon Rd and Beach Rd, which contained 258 acres. James McMahon's crown allotment 1 was at the northwest corner, his Skye Rd frontage being the first mile east from McMahon's Rd with John Carr's c/a 4 the next mile to McLelland Drive.Frederick Evelyn Liardet's c/a 3 "Ballam Park" was at the corner of Cranbourne Rd and McLelland Drive and the homestead still stands in 103 B4-5. The eastern boundary of each grant was 4000 links (half mile or 800 metres)but Byrne's western boundary was only 490 metres instead of 800 metres.

The surveyor seems to have given James McMahon's western boundary as 3900 links, and then, realising that the area would be only 312 acres, made the 3 look vaguely like a 4 and the 9 like a 0. Little did he think that I'd discover his cover-up!

This little trick was probably necessary because the three 320 acre grants were pre-emptive rights and needed to be 320 acres. If they were, Carr's and Liardet's Runs may have included land across McLelland Drive in the parish of Langwarrin. McMahon's would have been as described by Steve 74.

steve74, a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells has sent me some great material about the naming of Frankston and the Wells family. As I do not write history if it already exists (and is accessible), I will not repeat all of Steve's information; I await a journal from Steve about the extended Wells family.
C.Evelyn Liardet wrote a letter to the editor of The Argus refuting a claim in the Victorian Historical Magazine (March 1916, vol.5, No.1) by A.W.Greig that Frankston was named after Frank Liardet, and stating that his grandfather and uncle had told him that the town was named after Charles Franks. He enclosed a reply from the Lands and Survey Department regarding Frankston's name. Frankston was so-named almost a year before a Liardet application for land was made on 20-1-1855.Charles Wedge had a run adjoining Franks' near "Mt Cotteril"
but later had a run which included the site of Frankston and may have suggested that the village be named after his unfortunate neighbour of circa 1836.

An interesting feature of the parish of Frankston is that while the northern boundary seems to be Seaford Rd, with Lyndhurst to the north, the parish continues north on Long Island* to the point where Railway Pde meets the railway near Coonibar Ave (Melway 97 D11.) The northern boundary there could be the walking track from the highway to the creek just north of the Riviera Hotel. James McMahon was granted crown allotment 1 of 10 acres which ran south from the aforementioned point for 401 metres. There is no date but volume E folio 550 indicates very early 1850's. (*Between the beach and Kananook Creek.)

---------------------------------------------------------
6.BAXTER.
BAXTER,Ben, Parish of Frankston. Pre-emptive right,Carrup Carrup of 320 acres, bounded by Sages Rd (from the bend in Melway 106 G5 to the Frankston-Flinders Rd and in the south by the Baxter -Moorooduc locality boundary. The south east corner is just west of the proposed Coolart Rd Re-alignment in 107 A7. B.Baxter was granted crown allotment 25 bounded by Coolart and Frankston-Flinders Rd(107 B8),and M.Baxter crown allotment 19, south of the P.R. and across Coolart Rd from c/a 26 with the south east corner at the bottom of 107 A9. The Baxter family was related by marriage to the Sages, who worked for Ben initially and to surveyor, Robert Hoddle. Edward Sage was granted land west of Carrup Carrup and Hoddle to the east.

See Donald Charlwood's history in comment 5.

---------------------------------------------------------------

7.WEDGE.
by steve74 on 2012-02-02 03:59:57

JOHN WEDGE
In the year 1850, John Wedge of Werribee came across to this side of the Bay and established a sheep station, his western boundary being Sweetwater Creek extending out beyond Carrum Downs. He built a sheep wash in the Kananook Creek, where he dipped sheep for tick and other vermin.
This dip was about five chains above Fiocchi Avenue which was known in the old days as the Sheep Wash.

(The above provides confirmation that the Wedge Run indeed included the Frankston village site as stated to me by the Frankston Historical Society. Sweetwater Creek (Naringalling Creek on the parish map) at Melway A 5-8 must have been the boundary between the Davey and Wedge Runs. Fiocchi Avenue, at Melway 99 C-D12, was the northern boundary of the Township according to the margin map.)

TRAGEDY OF MAY, 1852
DISASTER OVERTOOK THE WEDGE FAMILY
EXTENSIVE PIONEERING WORK
by R.V.B. of "The Australasian" and A. S. Kenyon
Misfortune often befell the early pioneers, and many lives were ended tragically. But it is difficult to find a disaster more terrible than that which overtook the Wedge family on May 21, 1852. Edward Davey Wedge arrived in Port Phillip from Van Diemen's Land in 1835 with four of his sons - Charles,Richard, Henry,and John. He had been attracted by, the reports from his youngest brother, John Helder Wedge, who came over earlier, and who became manager of the Port Phillip Association. After camping with his flocks, in which James Simpson held an interest, and living in tents at Williamstown,they moved to the Werribee. Here Edward remained with some of his family until 1852, when the great flood occurred on May 21. Edward, his wife, and his daughter Lucy were torn from the roofs of the house and outbuildings on which they were huddled, and they were drowned. Richard, who was saved by clinging to a limb of a tree; a married daughter, Mrs. King, with Misses Friend and Law and the cook, survived. The Synnots, the Chirnsides, and Mr. Langhorne's shepherds were the rescuers.

The boys, Charles, Richard, and Henry, with their uncle, John Helder Wedge, were the pioneers of the Hamilton district, for by this name their run, The Grange, which they took up and stocked in 1838, is now called. However, they soon sold out, and their property came into the possession of Captain Lonsdale, with John Moffat as manager. Uncle and nephews went to Gippsland, and they occupied the Banyan waterholes, on the Carrum swamp, as well as Bald Hall, and also Balnarring, which they purchased from the Meyricks.

At various periods in the forties they held Raen and Banyenong, on the Richardson; Trio, near Kyneton; and Glenlyon, Mount Macedon. Richard by himself had St. Agnes, near Malmsbury. After the death of Edward, John Helder Wedge sold out and returned to Tasmania, where he died in 1872. The boys dispersed over Australia. Richard died at Sale in 1870. John went to Queensland. Henry's descendants still live in Melbourne. David Charteris McArthur, the first Victorian banker and the father of Heidelberg, was a relative. (P.3, Argus, 21-9-1934.)

John Helder Wedge had definitely returned to Tasmania by 1856, as shown by details of his political career there included in his obituary (below.) I wonder if Bald Hall was meant to be Bald Hill, a name that Andrew McCrae gave to the Red Hill area near Dromana. The information supplied by steve74 is confirmed by the mention above of the Banyan waterholes. Streets are named after Wedge near the Kananook Creek and Skye.

THE LATE JOHN HELDER WEDGE, J.P.
Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Tuesday 3 December 1872 p 2 Article
... THE LATE JOHN HELDER WEDGE, J.P. We regret to have to announce the death of another old colonist, in the person of Mr John Helder Wedge, who for many years took an active part in the political aff ... Mrs Wedge and several other relations. The service was conducted by the Rev S.B. Fookes. D ... 706 words

See Donald Charlwood's history in comment 5.

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8.DAVEY.
See comment 5 and my journal DISCOVERING DAVEY etc for more information about the family.

Olivers Hill was originally known as Old Man Davey's Hill.It was part of the Kannanuke Run,held by James Davey, which probably stretched from Canadian Bay Rd to the mouth of Kananook Creek. The reason the hill was named after the father of James Davey Senior, William Davey, is most likely that crown allotment 14, parish of Frankston, which contained Oliver's Hill and consisted of 85 acres 1 rood and 10 perches, was granted to William Davey. It was on the east side of the highway with Maringallang (Sweetwater) Creek being the eastern boundary and the Bembridge Ave/Fleetwood Cres. midline the southern boundary.

James Davey was granted crown allotment 13, section 5, on the coast side of the highway. Consisting of 29 acres 3 roods and 10 perches, its southern boundary was a western extension of his father's, just north of Clyde Court. James also received the grant for the 640 acre pre-emptive right whose north east boundary was Kackeraboite Creek to the point where the future highway crossed the creek (in 101 J9)and then a line parallel to Humphreys Rd and 344 metres south east of it (which probably accounts for the bends in Mann and Amesbury Rds and the length of Darvell Lane.) The south east boundary ran from just south of the Amesbury Rd bend directly towards the junction of Old Mornington Rd and Mt Eliza Way (north). The south west boundary was Canadian Bay Rd.

South east of the pre-emptive right with an 800 metre frontage to Humphreys Rd and 815 metres to Canadian Bay Rd was an un-numbered crown allotment of 393 acres 3 roods and 1 perch granted to James Daley and William Wooley. It was probably c/a 1 of section 5. Its north east corner was between the Bareena Dr and Fulton Rd corners. Its southern boundary was Canadian Bay Rd from Mt Eliza Way to the Nepean Highway.Wooley was granted a further 235 acres adjoining the Davey grants, which leads me to believe that he may have shared the lease on the Run with James Davey.

OBITUARY. MR. JAMES DAVEY. It is with regret we have to chronicle the death, at the age of 56, of Mr James Davey, a respected resident of long standing at Frankston, which occurred at Melbourne on Friday last, Mr Davey, though years ago a sufferer on account of ill-health, had recently been exceptionally well, but an attack of cerebral hemorrhage about a fortnight ago necessitated him entering a hospital, and though he rallied somewhat, the attack proved fatal, as stated above. The deceased gentleman, who had been living in St. Kilda for the past couple of years, was born at Gardiner's Creek, Victoria, but lived the greater part of his life at Davey's Bay, Frankston. He was the second eldest son of Mr Jas. Davey, one of the pioneers of this district, and after whom Davey's Bay was called. For some time the deceased gentleman lived at Red Hill, but the greater part of his life was passed at "Marysville," Davey's Bay, Frankston, erected by his father, Mr Jas. Davey, in 1851. Some interesting facts surround "Marysville," which was built at a cost of £2000, on elaborate lines, the slates and timber being brought over from Tasmania. In the early days "Marysville" was the mansion of the district. The old homestead was dismantled a few years ago by Mr A. H. Sargood, who purchased the land and erected a magnificent residence thereon, shortly after which Mr Davey moved to St. Kilda, after having spent about 40 years in the district. The deceased leaves a widow and family of six boys and four girls to mourn their loss. One of the sons, Mr Len Davey, is a resident of Mount Eliza, the others, as they have grown up, having removed to various parts. The funeral took place on Monday at the Kew Cemetery, the burial service being read by the Rev. Mr Rowells, of East Melbourne.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 4-11-1911.)

N.B. The reason James Jnr had moved to St Kilda is that he and John A.Davey had been ejected from Marysville.
Mark Brody, as agent, applied for an ejectment order against John A. and James Davey, occupiers of premises known as "Marysville," Davey's Bay. Mr Wolaston appeared for ap- plicant, and a warrant of ejectment was issued, to lie in abeyance for 14 days.(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 4-12-1909.)

See Donald Charlwood's history in comment 5.
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9. HUNTER.
A.M.Hunter's Run probably ran along the coast from Beleura Rd to Canadian Bay Rd, adjoining Balcombe's run in the south and James Davey's Kannanuke Run in the parish of Frankston. His pre-emptive right, consisting of 180 acres, is between Beleura Rd and Carar Creek. Attempts to find when James Butchart bought the P.R.have so far been unsuccessful but did turn up something not seen elsewhere. James built Beleura in 1863 with a fortune made by selling mutton to miners according to one Beleura website. No mention was made of the very successful stock and station firm he formed in partnership with William Kaye,which no doubt added considerably to his initial fortune.

MONEY WON'T BUY HAPPINESS is a saying that certainly applied in the case of James. James Hawkins Butchart married Margaret Sarah Lupton in late 1864 and no doubt carried her proudly over the thresh-hold at Beleura.
(P.4,Argus,21-12-1864.) A little over two months later,oh dear!

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 6 March 1865 p 4 Family Notices
... DEATHS. BUTCHART.-On the 4th inst., at Somerset-place, Richmond, from injuries sustained by fire, Margaret Sarah, aged twenty-eight years, the beloved wife of James Hawkins Butchart

AND THEN...

DEATHS.
BUTCHART. -On the 27th inst., at Grey-street, East Melbourne, the infant son of Mr. James Butchart.
(P.4,Argus, 28-3-1865.)

Three years later the clouds revealed their silver lining.

BUTCHARTAINSLIE. On the 28th inst., at Chalmers' Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. Dr. Cairns, James Butchart, Esq., of Beleura, to Anne Brodie, eldest daughter of James Ainslie, Esq., of Waihaka, New Zealand.

BUT THEN...

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 12 November 1869 p 4 Family Notices
... DEATHS. BUTCHART-On the 11th inst., at his residence, Beleura, Mornington, James Butchart, Esq., late of the firm of Kaye and Butchart, Melbourne, aged 47 years.

Talk about steak knives!There seems to have been another marriage and tragedy between the two already mentioned.

BUTCHART.-At sea, on board the True Briton, on her passage to England, Jessie, the beloved wife of Mr. James Butchart, of Melbourne, deeply regretted by a large circle of friends. (P.4, Argus,15-5-1866.)

And,if each was the same James Butchart, there must have been another wife before Margaret who bore three children in 1854, 1858 and 1859.

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10.YUILLE.
There is excellent biographical information on Archibald Buchanan Yuille and his younger cousin,William Cross Yuille on the internet. William named Ballarat and Lake Wendoree was originally known as Yuille's Swamp. William (and James Purves) imported many of the first thoroughbreds to the colony and William wrote The Stud Book.

The following comes from Graeme Butler's Hastings Heritage Study. The detail previous to it dealt with the King Run in the Tyabb area and the Meyricks' Coolart which was later run by Hann* and then by Benn and T.J.Sumner until 1875. (*See the Balcombe entry.)
The Meyricks also took up the Ballanrong license in 1840, before passing it on to Thomas Gorringe in 1841. Jasper Davey took over Ballanrong in 1845, but sold it to William Yuille in 1851. From 1852 to 1857, when the lease was cancelled, Archibald Yuille held the run.

See EARLY GRANTEES (near the start of this journal) for details of Archibald Buchanan Yuille's grants in the parish of Moorooduc, purchased in 1854. Why was it that William Cross Yuille was selling these grants, and George Main's, four years later? William was about to leave for England. Where was Archibald?

Archibald had returned to the Old Country with marriage in mind.This information comes from:
Helen Mary Yuille was born on 11 Apr 1863 in ... - Freepages
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~yuille/yuillejly/yuillejly...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML

Archibald Buchanan Yuille
2nd son of George Murdoch Yuille and Matilda Buchanan,was born 2/1/1812 in Blythswood District, Glasgow and died 30 December 1881, South Kensington, London. He married Janet Ritchie Buchanan in 1857 the daughter of Hubert Buchanan and Frances Cooper. Archibald was the 7th successor to Darleith House as the first Yuille to arrive in Australia. He sailed from Liverpool aboard the 345 Ton bark Statesman, Captain Rowett on 23rd
August 1836 and arrived in Hobart on the 9th December (Victorian Men of the Time 1882 and the Hobart Town Courier). He later met with his younger cousin William Cross Yuille. Whilst in Australia he held many properties by himself or with his cousin. Archibald held 25 acres in Geelong West, Victoria. There today
Yuille Street off Pakington Street is named after him.

Another Yuille genealogy site (Yule Newsletter-Issue 6)states that Archibald and his younger cousin, William Cross Yuille, came out together and confusingly gives the year of Archibald's marriage, 1857, as the year of his birth.

THIS DAY. Schnapper Point .
Important and Unreserved Sale of 720 Acres of Land at Schnapper Point. Farms. Farms.
Eligible Building Sites, Commanding Beautiful Views of the Bay.
To Gentlemen and Merchants Requiring Sites for the Erection of Marine Villas, Capitalists Seeking Profitable Investments, or Farmers Requiring Moderate-sized Farms of Rich Agricultural Land.
EASEY and Co. have been favored with Instructions from W. C. Yuille, Esq , to SUBMIT to PUBLIC COMPETITION, at their rooms, 88 Collins street west, on Thursday, Novem ber l8, at 12 o'clock,
The following valuable Government section; agricultural land :

Lot 1.
Being portion of Government section 14, parish of Moorrooduc, at Schnapper Point, containing 320 acres 2 roods 35 perches, situate adjoining Mr.Hunter's pre- emptive right, is half a mile from the sea and the Tanti Hotel, and only 1 mile from Schnapper Point jetty. Tho position of this section is most elevated, and commands de- lightful views of the Bay and surrounding country. The soil is of a rich agricultural desoription, beautifully studded with park-like timber,and in every respect a very valuable section for the erection of villas or as an investment for subdividing into allotments.

Lot 2.
Being Government section 22, parish of Moorrooduc, at Schnapper Point, containing 289 acres 24 perches, and adjoining the north side of Mr. Yuille's pre-emptive right. This section is of a particularly rich soil, and for tho purpose of an agricultural or dairy farm far excels any land around this part of the country, and for such would be invaluable, being within one mile of Schnapper Point.

Lot 3.
Being portion of Government section 12, parish of Moorrooduc, at Schnapper Point. This lot is particularly eligible for subdivision into allotments, being within 1 mile from Schnapper Point jetty, close to the Tanti. Is very rich soil, lightly timbered, a very elevated position, and is the remaining portion of the section of which the previous subdivisions were sold by Mr. Yuille, at from 10L to 28L. per acre, and which have since changed bands at very high rates.

The auctioneers particularly beg to call the attention of gentlemen, capitalists, and farmers to the aboye important sale. The quality of the land is of a good agricultural description, elevated, and lightly timbered, and commands some beautiful sites and views of the Bay ; and their Instructions are to dispose of the whole without the slightest reserve, in consequence of Mr. Yuille's immediate departure for England.
(P.2, Argus,18-11-1858.)

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11.BALCOMBE.
Dromana, Mornington and Rye were declared townships in 1861. They celebrated their 150th anniversaries in 2011 but the settlements were probably much older than that. Fred Vine was supposed to have been the first resident of Rosebud Fishing Village in 1855, having been a crewman on the stranded Rosebud, but the village was not declared until 1873! Most inland townships sites near Melbourne were declared in 1850, usually straddling streams on well-used routes, and it is likely that there were grog shops and stores there before they were declared, such as Tulip Wright's pub at Bulla.

The bayside sites were not on well-used routes but there were probably collections of huts at the three places mentioned. All three would have had fishermen's huts,probably on the foreshore or the beach itself. Some of the lime burners near Rye were near the bay, two erecting a hut between the cemetery and Napier St.Robert Rowley's first hut at Rye was on the foreshore. Dromana (see my journal about neighbours near Carrigg St)had a store whose patrons would have been tenants on the Survey, but also the many getting timber from Arthurs Seat and loading it into boats for piers, railway sleepers and so on. Mornington got its pier in 1857 and no doubt there would have been many men unloading the timber Ben Benton had brought from the Moorooduc Plains and using it to build the pier. They would have erected dwellings within the tiny Town of Mornington.

At part of the southern boundary of the tiny Town (the Empire St Mall) there is a water fountain erected to the memory of Alexander Beatson Balcombe, the plaque stating that the area was part of his Run. Alexander was the man to whom the community turned when there was a problem. Mt Martha Park was first reserved for the site of the Governor's summer residence but this never came about, although the Esplanade had been made to provide access. Robert Byrne was one of the three trustees of the park and the community was hopping mad when it found that Byrne had given Sam Sherlock of Green Island permission to strip wattle bark in the Park (probably as Byrne's employee!) No prizes for guessing who chaired the meeting! (Shire of Mornington Heritage Study,trove.)

A common accusation about our legal system is that there's one rule for the rich and another for the poor. This champion of the downtrodden was determined that this should not be so. One tactic used by the rich to stop any attempt by the poor to bring them to justice was to delay proceedings and blowout legal costs. In one particular case, Hann of Coolart would have found out on the 1st about an imminent trial on the 5th, so he immediately left for Melbourne with cattle so the trial would be delayed. The Sheriff did not deliver the notice until the 4th and of course Hann had not returned.

Despite Hann's absence on the 5th, Alexander, Yewers and Cobb heard the case and ruled for the plaintiffs. Hann appealed, knowing that those who heard the case would not share Alexander's concern for the downtrodden.

RE BALCOMBE EX PARTE HANN.
TO THE EDITOR. 0F THE ARGUS.
Sir -On my return today, after a short absence from home, I first saw a report of the case Re Balcombe and others ex parte Hann, in your paper of Saturday, November 23, in which an affidavit was made, stating that the Court was requested to adjourn the case, and had refused to do so. Allow me to assure you that, had any person made such a request on behalf of Mr. Hann, it would, of course, have been complied with. And was there no justice due to the plaintiffs - a young couple just arrived in the colony, hired from the Depot, unable to procure work in the district, and living on charity till the case was decided? On hearing the case, it was proved to the satisfaction of the Bench that the plaintiffs had been forced to leave the station,and threat- ened with violence, with out receiving any remuneration for their services, instead of "absconding, " as The Chief Justice in your report is made today.

In your " Town Talk' of the same day, you remark, " that the magistrates of Schnapper Point have received the distinction of discriminate, but severe, censure by each of the three judges, and of pecuniary burden in costs by the Case. It may be a distinction, but I think, a poor reward to gentlemen who, at considerable cost, give up their time in endeavouring, to do justice to their fellow men.

As a lover of fair play, you cannot refuse to insert this statement.
I am Sir., Your obedient servant,
EDWARD LINTOTT, J.P.
Nov. 30.


Balcombe, Alexander Beatson (18111877)

by Kathleen Thomson

Alexander Beatson Balcombe (1811-1877), pastoralist, was born on St Helena, the youngest of five children of William Balcombe (1779-1829) and his wife Jane, née Cranston. William senior had settled at St Helena in 1804 as a merchant and was also superintendent of public sales for the East India Co. When Napoleon was exiled to the island Balcombe became purveyor to his establishment. Before Napoleon moved to Longwood in November 1815 he lived in a pavilion on Balcombe's estate, The Briars, and became attached to the family, especially the younger daughter Lucia Elizabeth (Betsy) who later wrote Recollections of the Emperor Napoleon (London, 1844). The friendly association ended abruptly in March 1818 when Balcombe was dismissed from the island on suspicion of acting as an intermediary in clandestine French correspondence with Paris and of negotiating bills drawn by Napoleon. Although never charged with any offence, Balcombe was regarded by Lord Bathurst and the governor, Sir Hudson Lowe, as at least a dupe of the French, and was not allowed to return to St Helena. He remained in England with a dwindling income, acute gout and continual fear of positive punishment until in 1823 Lowe relented under strong pressure from Jane Balcombe and her parliamentary friends. Balcombe was then appointed colonial treasurer of New South Wales. With his family he arrived in the Hibernia at Sydney in April 1824. His elder daughter died on the voyage and Betsy, who had married Edward Abell in London on 28 May 1822 and had been deserted by her husband, soon returned with her child to England.

Balcombe died at Sydney on 19 March 1829, leaving his affairs in disorder. Creditors took most of his livestock, and his widow, left only with his land grants, petitioned for a pension without success. Unabashed she went to London to renew her plea; the Colonial Office gave her £250 to return to Sydney with her daughter and granddaughter and promised land and government posts for her children. Betsy and her eldest brother, William, were given land adjoining their father's 6000-acre (2428 ha) grant, Molonglo, near Bungonia, County Argyle, where they lived for some years. Long before William died at the Turon goldfields aged 44 on 29 January 1852, Betsy had gone to France where she was favourably noticed by Napoleon III who granted her land in Algiers; she died aged 69 on 29 June 1871 in London.

The second son, Thomas Tyrwhitt (b.1810), had attended the Sydney Grammar School and, while working for the Australian Agricultural Co. at Port Stephens, injured his head in a fall from a horse. In September 1830 he was appointed a draftsman in the Surveyor-General's Department with a salary of £150. By 1833 his work was unsatisfactory but he was saved from dismissal by the promise to his mother and put on field work. By 1837 he had won repute as a spirited painter of animals; some of his work is at the Mitchell Library. He was praised for his pictures in the Aboriginal Exhibition in 1848, did a portrait of Edward Hargraves in 1851 and illustrated (G.F.P.), Gold Pen and Pencil Sketches: Adventures of Mr. John Slasher at the Turon Diggings (Sydney, 1852). On 27 June 1840 he married Lydia Stuckey; they had three children. In 1858 the death of his eldest daughter intensified the fits of mental aberration from which he had long suffered. He continued as a government surveyor, but after many threats to end his life deliberately shot himself in the head on 13 October 1861 at his home, Napoleon Cottage, Paddington.

Alexander, named Beatson after a governor of St Helena, attended Sydney Grammar School and became a clerk in the Commissariat Department. He was dismissed 'for negligence' in April 1831 and, after his mother returned from England in 1833, joined the family at Molonglo. In 1839 he went to Port Phillip with William Rutledge and party, and liking the country returned to Molonglo to make preparations for permanent settlement. On 30 August 1841 at Bungonia, County Argyle, he married Emma Juana, second daughter of Dr David Reid, of Inverary Park. Alexander bought livestock and took his wife to Port Phillip in 1842; they stayed for some time at Merri Creek and in 1843 settled at Schnapper Point, which Balcombe named. In 1846 he took over the run Chen Chen Gurruck, or Tichingorourke, changing the name to The Briars. The property extended from the present Mornington to Mount Martha and was held under pastoral licence until 1854 when he bought 1000 acres (405 ha).

In the 1850s Balcombe joined the search for gold. In his absence, Emma Balcombe, who was a friend of Georgiana McCrae, displayed great courage when raided by bushrangers. On his return from the diggings, somewhat disillusioned, Alexander settled down to pastoral pursuits and the life of a country squire. He was appointed a magistrate in 1855 and was first chairman of the Mount Eliza Road Board formed in 1860. He also experimented unsuccessfully with wine production. He died aged 66 on 21 September 1877 at his home, Eastcourt, East Melbourne; his widow died on 3 June 1907. They had two sons and five daughters and Dame Mabel Balcombe Brookes is a granddaughter. (AUSTRALIAN DICTIONARY OF BIOGRAPHY.)

BALCOMBE'S 1000 ACRES.
Chechingurk (as on the parish map)was due west of the Tuerong pre-emptive right,with a 163 acre property, crown allotment 26B, which became Cheshire's "Ellen-----" in between. This property was granted to S.H.Cohen on 14-7-1879. Bounded on the east by a line from the top of 151 K1 through the Red Hill Estates Vineyard in Melway 151 J3 to the bend in Vineyard Lane, and on the south by that lane to the creek that flows along the east side of the freeway, this would have been part of the Wilson family's Tuerong, but when they were declared insolvent, it came under the control of Cohen,an official assignee.

The Chechingurk P.R. was in three parts:
A of 332 acres,granted on 24-8-1854,whose western boundary was a line due magnetic south from where the Nepean Highway crosses Balcombe Creek to the left edge of 151 D3 at the highway's most easterly approach. The southern boundary of parts A and C was a road 1760 metres long to the creek at the top left corner of 151 J4.
C of 272 acres, granted on 9-1-1856. The boundary between A and C ran due south (not magnetic)from the Chechingurk Hide (145 F12)to the middle of 151 F3 where the creek and the closed road intersected exactly. The north and east boundaries were creeks.

Well might you ask,"Where is part B?"

South of the pre-emptive right was crown allotment 32 of 291 acres, bounded by the closed road described above, the creek near the freeway in 151 H4 and G5, Range Rd and the highway in 151 C3-4.

(Range Rd acquired this name in world war 2 as it was a short cut from the Balcombe barracks to the rifle range to the east of Andrew and Peter White's grants. It was originally called White's Lane, just as Balcombe's Creek was known as Quinn's Creek. The White's and Quinns were the FEMALE DROVER'S ancestors.)

The eastern boundary of part A was not the highway. According to the parish map, Bay Rd was supposed to continue east to the highway. (It was easy enough for Surveyors to draw a road up a cliff,such as Burrell Rd at Dromana,but a bit harder to build one!) Between part A and the highway was part B of 36 acres, granted on the same date as part C.

That's 931 acres, all adjoining. But wait, there's more.

North of the pre-emptive right Alexander was granted three allotments between what I presume was Harrap's Creek
and Balcombe Creek in 145 H12 and J11. They went roughly halfway to Craigie Rd and contain the Kur Bur Rer and Woodland Walks. West of Racecourse Rd were crown allotments 1 and 24 of section 24 consisting of 33.1.0 and 47.3.16, which is close enough to 48 acres. On the other side of Racecourse Rd (of 2 acres 2 roods and 11 perches,closed, and granted to J.E.Murphy on 17-9-1914)was crown allotment 1 of section 23, granted to Alexander and consisting of 62 acres and 2 roods.

That takes the total to 1074 acres. But wait,there's more, much more.
Andrew was granted crown allotment 48 of section 22 (the Township of Mornington) consisting of 48 acres 2 roods and 12 perches. It was bounded by Strachans Rd, the highway , the line of Wills St and the north-west boundary of Neptune Reserve. The second time this property was put up for sale it was referred to as Redgum Flat. The neighbouring property, fronting Wilsons Rd was Alf Downward's "Redwood"!

Alex was also granted crown allotment 17 of section 24, consisting of almost 101 acres. This fronted the north side of Bentons Rd from Dunns Rd to Racecourse Rd extending about a quarter of the way north to Tyabb Rd. The northern boundary is a line joining the end of Cootamundra Court and the southern boundary of Benton Junior College.

That's 1223 acres and our final total will be over 1385 acres. Crown Allotments 8 and 9 of the Township of Mornington were between Tanti Creek and Beleura Hill Rd. The first, fronting the highway, consisted of 92 acres, and the latter, of nearly 71 acres, was between Barkly St and the Esplanade. Andrew was also granted 17 acres between Tanti Creek and Tanti Rd now occupied by the retirement village (c/a 4 of 10.3.38),Strattons Lane (the boundary) and the motor inn (c/a 5 of 6.0.3.)

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12.HEARN.
James Hearn was a nephew of Big Clarke. Lazily relying on 20 year old memories, I may have wrongly written that James was his son-in-law. Leslie Moorhead wrote in one of the school histories, (possibly Osborne State School)that Big Clarke's Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach and east to Bulldog Creek Rd)and James Hearn's Mt Martha Run were combined for a while under the title of the Mount Martha Sheep Station and that Henry Dunn had leased the Mt Martha Run (possibly from 1851 when his lease of the Survey had expired and it was leased in parts to Brown-Lee (or whatever), widow McLear etc.)

Another connection between Big Clarke and James was "Roseneath", a house on a large block next to the water reserve (Woodlands Park, Melway 28 F1)at Hawstead, which today is occupied by Salmon Ave, named after William Salmon,a later owner who donated Salmon Reserve to Essendon Council. If my memory is correct, the block was granted to E.Clarke. W.J.T.Clarke's brother, Lewis, died there in 1858 and W.J.T. moved into the house in 1870. Whether this was due to his health is unclear. George Evans of Emu Bottom would have been able to suggest another reason why Big Clarke and his wife lived separately. (THE SHIRE THAT TOOK OFF,unpublished history of the Shire of Bulla by Grant Aldous,probably still in the local history room of the Sam Merrifield Library. The anecdote about Annie Holden and the pistol on the table every time Big Clarke visited was probably the reason I.W.Symonds' BULLA BULLA was chosen.)

DEATH OF MR W. J. T. CLARKE.
Mr W. J. T. Clarke, whose name has been almost a household word with Victorian colonists for many years past as the richest man in Australia [he was generally known as "Big Clarke"], died at his residence, Roseneath, Essendon, yesterday afternoon, at 20 minutes to 2 o'clock, in the 73rd year of his age. For tho last four years Mr Clarke's health has been in a very critical condition. Slowly but surely he lost the use of his limbs, till at last he was unable to move in the slightest degree without assistance, and it was found neces- sary to keep relays of attendants to wait upon him day and night. (P.6,The Brisbane Courier, 24-1-1874.)

29 Apr 1886 - Family Notices
trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/6093867
HEARNBOADLE.On 26th ult., at North-park, Essendon, by the Rev. J. Burchett, James Hearn of Roseneath, Essendon, to Mary Helen, second youngest ... (North Park was Alexander McCracken's home,now the Columbans Mission in Woodland St, Melway 28 J1.)

HEARN.On the 30th ult., at Roseneath, Essendon, the wife of James Hearna son. (P.1, Argus, 14-4-1887.)


Biography - William John Clarke - Australian Dictionary of Biography
adb.anu.edu.au/biography/clarke-william-john-1902
Apart from visiting his mainland stations for shearing, Clarke lived in Tasmania until 1850 and in 1870 he made his home in Melbourne at Roseneath, Essendon.

I had always assumed that the grantee of the following property in the parish of Yuroke was Big Clarke's nephew. However this James Hearn died in 1857.

There is definitely some sort of connection regarding a large property at Rochester and the Riverina with James P.Hearn (son of James Hearn and the former Miss Boadle (who has different given names on a genealogical website)and a link with the Mornington Peninsula as Thorngrove and Coolart were hardly near each other! Perhaps the lessee of the Mount Martha Run was James Hearn (d.1857) of Thorngrove and the grantee of most of the Run was James Hearn (born 1842,married 1886)of Roseneath.

To avoid doing my head in, I'll leave the Hearn descendants to examine the evidence below and just supply details of Thorngrove, if I can find the Yuroke parish map.Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society will, I'm sure,supply details of Uardry at Essendon.

SALE OF PROPERTY.
Messrs. Campbell and Sons, Kirk's Bazaar, report having sold, on account of Messrs. W. C. Hearn and Thomas Wragge, trustees in the estate of the late James Hearn, their farm, situate at Somerton, and known as the Thorngrove Farm, and containing 338 acres. Mr. John Hearn was the purchaser, at a satisfactory price.
(P.4,Argus, 18-2-1892.)

THE FRIENDS of the late JAMES HEARN, Esq.,are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the New Cemetery, Mel- bourne. The funeral to move from his late residence, Thorngrove, Sydney-road, on Thursday, (this day) at Ten o'clock a.m., and past the Campbellfield toll-gate about Twelve noon, 3rd September, 1857. ((P.8,Argus, 3-9-1857.)

The friends of Mr. James Hearn, of "Uardry", Essendon, will regret to hear of his death, which occurred yesterday, as a result of an attack of pneumonia contracted a few days ago. Mr. Hearn was an Australian native, having been born in Melbourne in 1842. He was well known in pastoral circles. Some 40 years ago he took up,in conjunction with his brother, Mr.John Hearn, and the late Mr. William Wragge, the "Uardry" Station on the Murrumbidgee and stocked it with sheep,and the threeafterwards owned "Cultowa", a cattle station on the Darling, "Tom's Lake" in Riverina, and "Restdown," and "Wharparilla," near Rochester in Victoria. The late Mr.Hearn eventually became the sole owner of Restdown, which he held at the time of his death. He was an enthusiastic follower of the hounds 20 or 30 years ago and was for many years a leading spirit in the Oaklands Hunt Club. He always took a lively interest in the Old Colonists Association and was for some time a member of the council of that body. Mr. Hearn has left a widow, and family.
(P.9,Argus,20-7-1904.)

MARRIAGE.
On the 3rd inst., at Thorngrove, by the Rev. M. Clarke, of Castlemaine, William Hann, eldest son of Joseph Hann, Esq., of Coolort Station, Western Port, to Mary Burge, eldest daughter of the late James Hearn, Esq., of Thorngrove, Yuroke.(P.4,Argus, 4-9-1859.)

THORNGROVE, YUROKE.
Surprise, surprise! James Hearn was not the grantee of Thorngrove, W.J.T.Clarke had been granted crown allotment J of section 4 on 14-2-1848. I must have got the Hearn-Thorngrove connection from my Broadmeadows rate transcriptions (which I no longer have.) Thorngrove was bounded by Somerton Rd, the original line of Pacoe Vale Rd (indicated by the line of the north-south part of Mitchell Crescent West in Melway 179 K11), a southern boundary joining the ends of Burgan Place and Dakara Close extended east to Tarcoola Ave and the transmission line in 179 F9-10. Thorngrove (part of Meadow heights) was directly across Somerton Rd (which did not then exist) from D.Cameron's "Stoney Fields" (later renamed Ruthven by the Camerons and Roxburgh Park by Thomas Brunton), also granted on 14-2-1848.

The Hearn grants in the parish of Moorooduc were along the Mt Martha coast from Bay Rd to Hearn Rd, extending east to the highway, and south east of Forest Rd/Drive to Moorooduc Rd (north of Ellerina Rd.)Crown Allotment 29A of 330 acres 3 roods,east of Moorooduc Rd to Melway 151 H 8-10, included the Tubbarubba diggings. The Hearn grants passed into the ownership of Robert Watson in the 1870's; I won't be more exact because the heritage study gives two different years. The VALE journal gives more detail.

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13.RUDDELL (TUERONG.)
The location of the Tuerong Run is described under RUNS near the start of the journal.The centre of the pre-emptive right was at Melway 152 B3, with Tuerong) Rd (to the Barrymore Estate Vineyard) being the eastern half of the north boundary, Gillett Rd running to the south east corner and the bend in Vineyard Rd being the south west corner. The homestead now houses the office of Dromana Estate Vineyards which has produced a history of the property.

TUERONG.xxxxxxxxxx (Me.) 22-3-2011
Tuerong was the name of a squatting run
Established before the gold rush had begun.
The pastures grew bountifully; no need for fallow,
But the cattle had to be boiled down for tallow.

Ralph Ruddell bought the station when demand had returned,
But Murphy's Law still applied, as he learned;
Insolvency, within a decade was his fate
But T.J. kept the farm's name (near his Auburn house gate).

John Wilson turned from cattle grazing to sheep
And soon Tuerong was gripped by mystery deep;
Wilson helped search for John Moriarty
And Patrick Shannon became the suspected party.

With plenty of water and pastures rich
Later owners seemed to find a regular hitch
And Tuerong Park changed hands every few years
Despite its regard among grazier peers.

Pitt, Matthews, Andrews, Dobie, names pass in a haze,
Clark and then Ken Moore of Two Bays,
Paton, whose horse, Tuerong, was fine
And raced many times in 1949.

And then Jack Edgar (Edgar's Special Survey?)
Who made it a venue for Society Day,
Where the men played polo and the women paraded
And partied long after, no matter how jaded.

(From THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC.)


Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 16 April 1861 p 3 Advertising
... tho First Mortgagee. RUDDELL'S PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHT, Of 640 Acres, and Improvements, , Near Schnapper ... on Thursday, April 25, at twelve o'clock, That most desirable and valuable estate known as RUDDELL'S PRE-EMPTIVE BIGHT, On the main three-chaln road to tho Heads, Containing 640 acres with ... 10299 words

The Wilsons purchased Tuerong in 1869. A terrific history about this family BONNIE WILLIAM FROM DUNDEE is available online. Charlie Wilson, after whom the C.B.Wilson Reserve in Mornington was named, was born to a member of this family and a member of another old Mornington Wilson family. The Wilsons were key witnesses in the (first) SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER in 1874.

Bonnie William: Home
www.bonniewilliam.tps1.com.au/
Welcome to our Bonnie William from Dundee Website. This site tells the stories of William Hartley Wilson and his wife Margaret (Williamson) and their families in ...

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14.DORY/DOERY/DOREY.
I believe that the Mr Dory mentioned in William Vale's letter was actually Charles Dorey who must have purchased James Davey's pre-emptive right (crown grant 54?)soon after Davey gained title. See the inquest report in comment 13.
MORNINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL. Monday, 26th June, 1882. Present: Councillors Lancashire (President), Box, Young, Spargo, Prosser, and Turner.
South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 5 July 1882 Edition: WEEKLY. p 3 Article
encroached upon, also pointing out there was a Shire road running through the property of Mr Dory, ... 1792 words


This is the pertinent passage from the above,and as there is no crown allotment 54,it mean must the 54th grant issued, and I found no information about that.
From Registrar o! Titles Office, in re encroachment upon land part of Government road at Frankston, stating the original plan showed a road at the pre alluded to I chain in width, and it was for the Council to take action, should that be encroached upon, also pointing out there was a Shire road running through the property of Mr Dory, from the Point Nepean Main road to the sea as per Crown Grant 54.

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 3 April 1855 p 9 Advertising
... - 44G Beaumont Edward 447 Beaven Mr Slelaoy l18 Beek John 449 Becker C & V 450 Becker Mrs Eliza 451 ... Donnison Wm 315 Boogan Jamos 310 Doran Alexr Mooro 317 Dory Charles

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 31 July 1852 p 4 Article
... cabin-Mrs Cleveland and family, Messrs Ar- nold, Nane, Hennah, Dory,

S[?]ING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 7 March 1853 p 10 Article
...p; Messrs. Dory, (FROM TASSIE)

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 28 December 1855 p 3 Advertising
... of ; Melbourne, Diggings, &c, that we have I ulinqiiisbed business in favor of Messrs. ! JOHN DORY" ..
(AT END OF trade addresses. dory/dorg?)

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 24 November 1854 p 8 Advertising
... oxpense«, and applying to Cliarlcs Dory, Brighton Beaoh. 81 FOUND, running upon my land, n'black Mare, ... 9652 words(Charles found a black boat.)
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 23 June 1948 p 7 Family Notices
... Do^ry, of South road. Brighton Beach. IS IT DOERY?
Edward Doery, of Doery and Tilley, Flinders Lane, asking council to pass a by-law prohibiting use of firearms between Brewery road (Mr Harris' property*) and the bay shore. While in his residence, - 'Miramee," Esplanade, he had some nasty experiences. Twice shots have ploughed up the footpath and a number of pellets
em bedded in the w.c. door. He advised laying poison for the rabbits, which would stop the shooting. Letter to be handed to the police,with a view to necessary action.

(P.2, Mornington Standard,18-10-1913.) *See MR HARRIS below.

DOERY-A tribute to the memory of Mr Edward Doery of Canterbury who passed away on the 19th July -A much respected friend Mr and Mrs Norman Spencer of Brighton Beach. (P.1, Argus, 22-7-1935.)
This,one of several death notices re Edward in the same issue, links Edward to Brighton, and as a result,Charles Dory (sic) of 1854.

Now where was Miramee? And where was Coronation Park?

INSPECTOR OF NUISANCE'S REPORT. The Inspector of Nuisances (J.W. Stephens) reported :-I have made enquiries into the complaint by E. Dorey re shooting near his premises at Coronation Park, and I find that it is correct. I warned the persons who were shooting, and would have prosecuted, but on inquiry from Mr Crosbie, shire secretary, we were unable to prove the town boundary, which is necessary before obtaining conviction. I would like to have boundary defined, and suggest it should extend along foreshore from Joseph Harris's to Beleura, thence to Nepean road, and along that road to road leading to Harris'corner.-Report received, steps to be taken to have boundary defined. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 22-11-1913.)

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15. MR HARRIS.
It is likely that Edward Doery's Miramee was near Mornington and near "Marina" the residence of Joseph Harris.
Joseph,after whom the Joseph Harris Scout Camp at Mt Martha is named, was heavily involved with Mt Martha Park and was a J.P. He appeared to live at Mornington, rather than just holiday there, as his address was given as Mornington in reports of elections described below.

SEASIDE HOME DESTROYED.
MORNINGTON, Tuesday-The seaside home of Mr Joseph Harris, chairman of directors of the Victoria Coffee Palace, and formerly a member of the Legislative Assembly, was destroyed by fire early this morning. In half on hour only the chimneys were standing. A buggy shed and its contents were saved. Mrs. Harris and Miss Lawrence, who, with a maid, were the only occupants of the house, escaped with a few clothes. The house was insured but the furniture was not covered. The loss is estimated at £3,000.(P.12, Argus,4-3-1915.)

And where was this house? Passing these (pavilions etc in Mornington Park) you walk along the Esplanade till you come to Fisherman's beach, the favourite spot of the bathers. Resuming your walk, you pass Mr Harris' residence, with its lovely shrubs and hedges. A little further on are the picturesque ruins of the ancient cement works, where fossils can he found in greater profusion than anywhere else in Victoria.
(Part of prize-winning essay by 15 year old Hector Kirkpatrick; P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-10-1902.)

DEATH OF MR. JOSEPH HARRIS.
Noted Horticulturist.
News of the death of Mr Joseph Harris which occurred at his residence, Marina, Mornington yesterday morning will be received with widespread regret though it was not altogether unexpected. Mr. Harris who throughout his long life (he was in his 93rd year) had enjoyed almost perfect health had a slight paralytic stroke on Christmas Day and though he rallied and was able to leave his bed it had left him extremely weak. The end came painlessly.
Mr Harris was born near Bristol, England in 1833 and he was educated at Henbury College. His father had a large nursery garden so young Harris had been able

THE LATE MR. JOSEPH HARRIS.

Broothorn Studlos photo )

to get a thorough training in practical horticulture before he came to Australia. He left England in 1856 by the ship Morning star. On reaching Victoria he tried his fortune as a prospector on the Korong diggings. Meeting with no success he returned to Melbourne where he took a position in the seed shop of Messrs. Smith and Adamson, Collins street. In 1862 he went into business on his own account by purchasing the nurseries of Handasyde, McMillan. This proved to be a profitable venture for, after 23 years Mr. Harris had made enough money to enable him to retire.

It was in 1873 that Mr Harris made his first entry into public life through his election as a member of the Prahran Council, and during two following years he was mayor. In 1880 when St Kilda, Prahran, South Yarra, Toorak and Armadale formed a single electorate of the Legislative Assembly, he was elected by a large majority to the seat. There were two representatives of this electorate and his colleague was Mr. G. D. Carter. When the electorate was subdivided into four - that was in 1889- Mr Harris stood for South Yarra, and again he was returned by a large majority. Altogether between 1880 and 1900 he contested eight elections and only on one occasion (in 1894) was he defeated. However, in 1897 he won the seat again, and held it until 1904, when South Yarra and Prahran were formed into one constituency. In politics he was a Liberal. It should be added that during his long Parliamentary career the exceptional ability of Mr. Harris was always recognised, as well as his sterling character. Though he had opportunities of accepting a portfolio he always declined to assume office.

Although a member of the Church of England, Mr Harris was for 20 years on the board of management of the South Yarra Presbyterian Church. He sat, indeed, on numerous boards, and on all those that were appointed by the Ministry of the day to report on horticultural and agricultural subjects. In these he took the greatest interest and he was a recognised authority far beyond the bounds of the Commonwealth. He was also Government nominee of the Council of Agricultural Education. His specialty was tropic vegetation, and to study this he travelled much in the north of Australia, and he also made several voyages to the Pacific Islands.

About 30 years ago Mr Harris accepted the position of horticultural editor of "The Australasian" a position that he occupied until February 1920. Although at that time well past his 80th year his faculties were absolutely unimpaired-they were, indeed to the day of his death - and the proprietors of "The Argus" and of "The Australasian" were desirous that he should remain in harness. Mr Harris who had a number of business interests, said, however, that at his age he deserved some relaxation; he adhered, therefore, to his determination to retire from a position which, for more than 25 years, he had filled with distinguished abilty and success.

Mr Harris married Miss Eliza Nicholson. His wife died nine years ago. Two daughters -Mrs Rosa Pitt and Mrs T.P.Long, survive him and one son - Mr F. Harris. The third daughter, the late Mrs F. Vanderkelen was the wife of Mr. Vanderkelen who for several years was the Belgian consul in Melbourne.(P.21,Argus,11-3-1925.)

N.B. One of Alfred Downward's daughters (Ivy?) also married a Pitt lad and Pitt St, near Downward St off Wilson Rd (on the "Redwood" 10 acre homestead block) is named after her. The redwood Gums at the end of Downward St, the only ones known to have grown south of Frankston, are heritage-listed.

A lot of unanswered questions about Mr Doery/Dorey! (See comment 13!)

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16. SMITH.
John Thomas Smith was granted crown allotment 1, no section, on 12-1-1855. Today known as the Ranelagh Estate, this consisted of 282 acres and 15 perches. It was bounded by the south side of Boundary Rd (Canadian Bay Rd), Mt Eliza Way south, 70 metres south along the present Nepean Highway to the northern tributary of Erimil Creek and west along the tributary and creek to the coast.Smith called his homestead "Nyora" and this name described the estate at the time of Henry Slaney's death, soon after which the Ranelagh Estate was developed.

The "back lot"referred to in the letter was crown allotment 19 of 437 acres 1 rood and 13perches.It was bounded by Canadian Bay Rd (N/E),Three Chain Road (Moorooduc Rd)(East), a line commencing 374 metres south of the railway crossing (where Mrs Firth was killed*) to the top of Tower Rd (S/W),and Wooralla Drive (West.)


If you click on the self guided tour of the Ranelagh Estate (on the website below)and then on the map link, you will find precisely where J.T.Smith's bayside grant was.
Walter Burley Griffin Society - Self guided tours
www.griffinsociety.org/education/tours.html
Ranelagh Estate is at Mount Eliza which is adjacent to Port Philip Bay on Melbourne's southern fringe and provides the gateway to the western part of the ...


*MRS FIRTH.
WOMAN MOTORIST KILLED. RUN OVER BY TRAIN. MELBOURNE, February 9.
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Saturday 10 February 1923 p 8 Article.

MOTOR AND TRAIN. Lady Driver Killed. Melbourne, Feb. 9.
The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) Saturday 10 February 1923 p 8 Article

WOMAN KILLED. LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENT. MELBOURNE, February 9.
The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Saturday 10 February 1923 p 4 Article

EXTRACT FROM MY JOURNAL "JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS".
J.T.Smith, seven times Mayor of Melbourne,arrived from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission for the aborigines on the Botanical Gardens site. He soon became a businessman and received grants for land at Green Gully near Keilor in the parish of Maribyrnong; North Essendon,and Kensington (including the State School site) in the parish of Doutta Galla and what became the Ranelagh Estate, Mt Eliza, at the north west corner of the parish of Moorooduc.
At the time of this meeting, he was probably living in Melbourne,possibly in the oldest surviving house in Melbourne, photographed by the wonderful MUZZA OF McCRAE. He later built Ascot House in Fenton St Ascot Vale. In the early 1860's, he was a foundation member of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and became one of the three M.L.C.'s for West Bourke. He was accused of bribing voters with inducements such as oranges that he grew; his orchard was probably near Cranwell St, North Essendon not far east from the Irish Dr Harbinson's orange grove (Melway 16 E12.)The Fitzroy Historical Society website states that he was also an alderman in that area.His portrait can be seen on the internet. Edward Wilson, editor of the Argus, constantly criticised J.T.Smith.(Sources: The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous;parish maps; Keilor Centenary Souvenir 1950? eMelbourne past and present website under Mayoralty etc.)

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17. VICTORIA FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY.

A Land Distribution will take place at the Society's Office, 38 Collins-street east, on Saturday, Dec, 9th, at three o'clock p.m., when the following members will be entitled to participate in the land undermentioned :-

Moorooduc near Mount Eliza,

- Class A. Mr H.S.Shaw ... 1 Mr. G. C. Young ... 1 John Holland... 1 F. Barnard ... 1
John Grinrod ... 1 W. Green ... 1 John Mason ... 1 P. Jones... 1 J. T. Pender ... 1 G.E.White ... 1 Miss M.M. Anderson... 2
(I have deleted members entitled to land at Caulfield and Emerald Hill i.e. South Melbourne. I have also deleted quite a bit that follows this paragraph and shows how wide-spread the Society's purchases were.)

The Society has recently purchased 60 acres of land suited for market gardens in the parish of Prahran, adjoining Caulfield, which with farms at Kororoit, at Doutta Galla near Essendon, and township lots at Northcote, will be distributed on an early day. (P.8, Argus,8-12-1854.)

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18.LINTOTT.
Edward Lintot was granted crown allotment 2 between Smith's "Nyora" and Kunyung Rd, the Erimil Creek (and its northern tributary)dividing the two grants. Lintot's "Earimil" consisted of 290 acres 1 rood and 2 perches. St James the Less church stands in its north east corner.

DEATH OF A GIPPSLAND PIONEER. CAPTAIN LINTOTT OF BRANDY CREEK. Shortly after midnight on Sunday there passed away at the advanced age of 82, in the person of Captain Lintott, of Brandy Creek, one of the oldest pioneers of the Gippsland district. The deceased gentleman, who was widely respected, had been suffering from weakness of the heart's action, and for some days previous to his death had been in a very low condition. He leaves a widow and a daughter, the only child, who is married to Captain Gabbett, of the Mounted Rifles. Captain Lintott was formerly in the East Indian Service, but relinquishing seafaring life some 42 years ago he settled in the Twofold Bay district of New South Wales. where he owned the Double Creek Station which adjoined that of Brogo, belonging to Mr. S. W. Pollock, now of Warragul. Some years later he left this locality and settled in Riverina, on the Edwards River, joining partnership with his brother Stephen on a sheep station. After this, we understand, he lived at Schnapper Point, and subsequently moved to Brandy Creek, where he has for many years been regarded as the father of the district. He was an old identity, in fact the name of Brandy Creek could not be disassociated from that of Captain Lintott. He was a man of fearless conduct and remarkable integrity, and as straightforward a gentleman as the district possessed. For many years, in fact until quite recently, he carried out the duties of lay reader at the local Anglican Church. Some 17 years ago he was appointed a territorial magistrate for the whole of the colony of Victoria, but later, when the bailiwicks were determined upon, he received his commission as a justice of the peace for the Eastern Bailiwick, and, notwithstanding his advanced age, even until quite recently he was remarkable for his punctuality and attendance both at Brandy Creek and Drouin courts, to say nothing of other duties appertaining to his office. For many years, together with Messrs. Jas. Copeland and C. Sargeant, he adjudicated at Brandy Creek long before the railway passed through Gippsland, and when the now decayed township on the main Sale road was in the height of its prosperity, being the principal stopping place between Dandenong and Sale, he was one of the first members of the Buln Buln Shire Council prior to the severance of the Warragul territory therefrom. He was also an active member of the Buln Buln Agricultural Society, and his venerable figure was conspicuous at each of the society's shows. In fact, in every instance, he displayed remarkable vigor in connection with all movements concerning the progress of the district. The members of the legal profession, the public officers, police, etc.,have always entertained the very highest respect for his opinions, whilst his decision on the bench were characteristic for their attention to the equities of the case, rather than to points of law and legal technicalities. Some three years ago Captain Lintott was entertained at a banquet by a large number of friends, when he was the recipient of an illuminated address and a purse of 120 sovereigns, in recognition of his public services to the district. The funeral takes place to-day, but will be of a private character.((P.3,Warragul Guardian and Buln Buln and Narracan Shire Advocate, 12-5-1891.)

The captain's given name was Edward.
THE GAZETTE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 9 December 1863 p 5 Article
... Lintott, William Preston Cobb, and James Butchardt, to be a committee of management of the site at Schnapper Point, (Mornington) reserved as a park for public recreation.

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Thursday 2 January 1862 p 2 Advertising
... January S. EARIMIL HOUSE, near Schnapper Point, will BO- BE-OPENED, as a LADIES' SCHOOL, after the Christmas holidays. For terms and particulars address Mrs. Lintott, Schnapper Point.

Mount Eliza Sightseeing, Canadian Bay, Daveys Bay, Sunnyside ...
www.discovermorningtonpeninsula.com.au/.../mount-eliza.php
Continue down Kunyung Road to Earimil Drive. At number 8 you will find a delightful cottage built in 1854 by a Welsh sea captain, Edward Lintott. At the north ...

RE BALCOMBE AND OTHERS EX PARTE HANN.
A rule nisi to prohibit E. B. Balcombe, Edward Lintot, and W. P. Cobb, justices of the peace, from executing a conviction made by them in petty sessions at Schnapper Point, against the complainant, in his absence, on an information by servants claiming wages.Mr. Chapman for the rule nisi, and against the conviction; Mr. Fellows in support of the conviction, and against prohibition.

An information was laid against Mr. Hann by two persons whom he had engaged as labourers on a hiring for a term. A summons to attend was issued to Mr. Hann on Saturday, the 28th September. Mr. Hann started from his place* at Western Port with cattle to Melbourne on Tues- day, the 1st October. The summons issued to him on Saturday, the 28th September, was not served by the constable until Friday, the-4th October. It was served on Mr. Hann s daughter, at his house at Western Port, sixteen miles from Schnapper Point, and Miss Hann informed the constable that her father had left with cattle for Melbourne, on the 1st, and would be back on the

7th. On the 5th, the case came on for hearing at Schnapper Point. The constable,who served the summons, informed the Bench that he had served the daughter of the defendant, and been informed by her of his having left for Melbourne with cattle on the 1st, and of her expectation that he would be back on the 7th. The Court was asked to adjourn. Adjournment was refused the case was gone into in the absence of the defendant; and an order was made for such a sum , and costs that he could not appeal. After Hann's return, he applied for a rehearing, and was refused. It was sworn by Mr. Armstrong, clerk of the bench, that no depositions were taken in writing ; and that this step was taken in this case by the express directions of Mr. Balcombe, J. P.
(Part of report; P.6, Argus, 23-11-1861.)

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19.YEWERS.
John Yewers was granted crown allotment 5 Moorooduc, consisting of 159 acres 3 roods and 9 perches. It was between Sunnyside Rd and Manmangur Creek (the eastern boundary of the Mornington Golf Club.) This property became known as "Sunnyside".

It is uncertain at the moment whether John had much to do with crown allotment 5. His purchase may have been for speculative purposes like the house blocks he bought at Donnybrook in 1855. His hotel would have kept him busy.

December 25th, on board the Yarra Yarra steamer, on her passage to Launceston, Emily Hayson Yewers, youngest daughter of Mr. John Yewers, late of the Albion Hotel, Bourke street.(P.4, Argus, 5-1-1853.)

Was Henry's presence at Somerville in 1859 linked with John's application for a licence for the Yewers' Family Hotel being refused? (P.6, Argus, 2-3-1859.)

Not deterred, John was running the bridge Hotel at Echuca in 1865 when he became insolvent.
(P.6, Argus, 6-2-1865.)

John was not the father of Henry, so they might have been brothers.


On page 17 of THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE, Bruce Bennett provides the following information about the Yewers family.
Henry Yewers was among the first subscribers to the Somerville school in 1859. Henry had a butcher's shop in Main St, Mornington by 1869.In about 1873, Robert Lawson Yewers was a butcher at Mornington while Henry at Somerville and Alf at Yarraville carried on the same trade. Robert also owned the Somerville shop and had slaughteryards and land at** Moorooduc.
* Probably on c/a 5. Bruce several times failed to distinguish between the parish of Moorooduc and the locality of Moorooduc (based on Jones Corner.)

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 13 March 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... YEWERS-GROVER.-On the 7th inst, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev Jas Caldwell, Robert Lawson Yewers, of Footscray, to Mary Ann, second daughter of Mr W Grover, of Mornington ...
(William Grover was a builder and built Beleura for James Butchart.)




Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 23 March 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... months. YEWERS.-On the 22nd inst, at his son's residence, Nicholson-street, Footscray, Henry Hayson Yewers, late of Mornington, in the 69th year of his age. ... 422 words


MORNINGTON. - Councillors Jones* and Yewers were proposed, and the voting being equal, the decision by lot fell to Councillor Henry Yewers. (P.10,Argus, 19-11-1874.) Henry became the Shire President.
*Cr Jones was probably Alfred Jones of the Almond Bush Stud at Somerville,English-born but resident in Canada from the age of about 10, and one of the three Canadians who gave Canadian Bay its name.

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20.COBB.
William Preston Cobb was a Justice of the Peace and sat on the bench with Alex Balcombe and Edward Lintot. (See article above under LINTOT.)

William was granted crown allotment 6, between Yewers' grant and Hunter's pre-emptive right. Bounded by Manmangur and Caraar Creeks, it consisted of 192 acres 3 roods and 2 perches. He named it Preston Grange. Today it houses the Mornington Golf Club , Mornington Secondary College and a small residential area with Jacaranda Crescent the main street.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 8 August 1860 p 4 Family Notices
...nbsp; Evangelist, Emerald Hill, by the Rev. R. B. Dickin- son, William Preston Cobb, Esq., of Preston Grange, Schnapper Point, to Emma Mansfield, daughter of the late Venerable Henry Jeffreys, ..

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 8 June 1861 p 4 Family Notices
... BIRTHS.COBB.-On the 5th inst., at St. Kilda, Mrs. W. Preston Cobb, of Preston Grange, of a daughter.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 25 February 1863 p 4 Family Notices
COBB.-On the 22nd inst., at Preston Grange, Schnapper Point, Mrs. W. Preston Cobb of a son.

THE GAZETTE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 15 September 1860 p 5 Article
... William Preston Cobb, Esq., Preston Grange, Schnapper Point; William Henry Robertson, Esq., Moorab- bee, ..(The Argus listed the new Justices of the Peace whose appointments were in the Government Gazette.)

COBB.-In February, at Acomb, near York, Emma Mansfield, tbe beloved wife of William Preston Cobb, Esq., late of Preston Grange, Mornington. (P.4, Argus, 24-5-1870.)

-----------------------------------------------------
21. DAVID KELLY'S MEMORIES OF FRANKSTON.
11th November 1921 Frankston & Somerville Standard
D Kelly, Playne" St, Frankston, writes:-I notice in your last Langwarrin Budget that Mr John Clark is claimed as a very old resident of the district. I also read with interest and amusement his memoirs of the early days. He says there was a native camp on the site of Keast Bros' store. I have resided in Frankston for the past 60 years and I never saw a blacks' camp on the site mentioned. Two blacks (Jimmie and Liza) camped on the site of the Temperance Hall-that's all I ever saw. And about those corroberies at Carrum. My aunt owned the Long Beach Hotel (now known as the Riviera) over 65 years ago and she never witnessed any corroberies there, Mr Clark claims to have planted the wonderful pear tree on Miss Latto's property. When I came to Frankston some 63 years ago, the tree was then about five years' old; having been planted by an American negro, Adam Orange (or Black Adam), employed by the Lyarid family. So, Mr Clark is either older than he looks, or he has lived since the days of our venerable friend, Noah.

T.J.SUMNER HAS BEEN DELETED FROM THIS JOURNAL. SEE THE T.J.SUMNER JOURNAL.

28 comment(s), latest 5 months, 2 weeks ago

EARLY MAPS OF FRANKSTON, VIC., AUST. AND SUPERIMPOSING CROWN ALLOTMENTS ON MELWAY.

By some fluke, when I was researching the reason for Gomms Rd being north of Eramosa Rd, rather than on "Glenhoya", I found the Frankston parish map online. Luckily I superimposed the Gomm and Firth grants on my Melway maps in SUPERPAGES (and the nearby Baxter, Sage, Sumner etc grants) because subsequent attempts to find the map failed.

Before I detail the maps available online, I will tell you how I manage to superimpose crown allotment boundaries on Melway and warn you about the Melway maps on Superpages. Having found the Frankston parish map again last night ( because I remembered that the word PARISH did not appear on it but COUNTY OF MORNINGTON did), I was excited to find that the grants of McMahon, Carr and Liardet adjoined each other.They all had eastern boundaries of 4000 links so it was going to be easy to find out the dividing boundaries; Skye Rd and Beach St-Cranbourne Rd were exactly a mile apart.But when I put my ruler on the map in SuperPages, it told me that the roads were 1400 metres apart. So I tried it in Melway and found that they were actually 1620 metres apart. This showed that (a)the SuperPages maps are only seven eighths of the scale of Melway maps; (b) the surveyors were a chain (cricket pitch) out in their measurements or one of the roads has been re-aligned further away from the other.

A mile equals 80 chains or 8000 links. Sharps Rd, Tullamarine, west of Broadmeadows Rd, (the south boundary of Section 3 Tullamarine)was 8000 links. When I decided to transpose the parish map onto Melway, I imagined complicated calculations on a calculator being the order of the day. But when I measured this distance on my ruler,it was exactly 8 centimetres. As the scale is one millimetre to a chain (20 metres), it is fairly easy to plot boundaries and accurately describe road frontages (if measurements are given on parish maps!)

If you happen to google FRANKSTON PARISH MAPS, you will find (a)four 320 acre crown allotments east of Frankston Village with description of the land; (b) two village maps that seem to be almost identical and name many grantees; and (c), after THE WELLS STORY and ST PAUL'S ANGLICAN CHURCH, a map showing crown allotments in the parishes of Frankston and Moorooduc. The last map (1854) shows only one grantee, Yuille,who seems to have preferred his grant over the homestead block (Pre-emptive Right)of Ballanrong, which was granted to T.J.Sumner two years later. This map shows how Old Mornington Rd led to the Three Chain (Moorooduc) road via Mt Eliza Way and Wooralla Drive. It also shows fences and other features as well as how the government roads followed old tracks with a few modifications.

If you want a map, with grantees,measurements etc. that will show where your pioneering ancestor was granted land, you need to google:
FRANKSTON,COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.

The maps are there waiting for you. Go to it, Frankston "diggers".

EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Would you believe it? This journal was to be about ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and now I can't find it. However, while I stumble around trying to find it again,here's something to go on with.

Early days in Rosebud, Victoria | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/rosebud-victoria/‎
The T-Model Ford was owned by Bert White (I think, I'll check), and the tree had grown over the road, been blown over a little more as far as it would go as a ...

Life in Rosebud in the early years | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/life-in-rosebud-in-the-early-years/‎
By Owen Vincent (Vin) Burnham. When I was quite young (about seven, early 1920s) the Nepean Highway was a gravel and dirt road right up to Frankston from ...

In the latter, Vin is confused regarding Judith Durham. The house was a timber one on the west side of Durham Place midway between the highway and the beach according to Judith who spent her first six summers there before her family moved to Tasmania. The Mr Durham mentioned was Tony Durham, Judith's grandfather. Tony was the child of his mother,Emily (nee King)and a Greek fisherman, whose surname is unclear. After his death, Emily married Mr Durham whose surname was adopted by Tony. His daughter married William Alexander Cock and in July 1943 Judith was born (Judith Mavis Cock) in Essendon while her father was earning his D.F.C.in the war. Her great grand-mother,Emily, was the sister of Elizabeth who married Forti Lacco,original grantee in the fishing village on the very block on which Emily's house stood,and patriarch of the famous wooden-boat building family.

I mentioned Chatfield's hut on the foreshore at Rosebud West in my journal about Rosebud Ted finding James George dead. When Chatfield turned to store-keeping, Axel Vincenttook over his foreshore hut and presumably his boat and gear.

Finally found it. Google: <vp1414.pdf>. Then click on "View a 9.6 MB pdf file of the pamphlet."

My aim in this journal, covering the area north of Eastbourne Rd,is four-fold.
1. To outline the squatting era,the parish and grantees and explain why the population was so small.
2. To deal page by page with any errors in ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and provide extra detail.
3. To deal page by page with any errors in Vin Burnham's history and provide extra detail.
4. To describe detail in a map drawn by an unknown pioneer of residents in the fishing village and across the road.


1. WANNAEUE.
Wannaeue is the name of the parish bounded by Burrell Rd in Dromana (*which you won't find on Melway), Mornington-Flinders Rd and part of Main Creek, Limestone Rd and Weeroona St/Government Rd in Rye and the Port Phillip Bay coast. Fingal was to the south, Nepean to the west, and to the east Kangerong and Balnarring separated by Arthurs Seat/Red Hill Rds.
*Burrell Rd is shown on the Dromana Township map as its western boundary between the Esplanade (as the beach road was named in Dromana,Rosebud and Rye) and the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.

As the Sullivan's Bay settlement near Sorrento was in the parish of Nepean, and Matthew Flinders and his nephew (later Sir John Franklin) were in Kangerong when they used Arthurs Seat to survey the bay, it is probable that the first white men to set foot in Wannaeue were sealers. Hollinshead mentions that an early explorer (Captain Murray in 1803?) found huts near the mouth of Chinaman's Creek (which at that time and until Ned Williams dug the channel was opposite the Rosebud Hospital site.) William Buckley's trek around the bay probably came after the sealers had killed off the seals and abducted many Boon-wurrung women whom they took to Tassie;this is why most Boon-wurrung descendants come from Tassie.

After John Batman had made his one-sided treaty to obtain a huge area north and west of the bay for the Port Phillip Association, he boasted in John Pascoe Fawkner's Cornwall Hotel in Launceston that he was the greatest landowner in the world. (THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER by C.P.Billot.) Fawkner may have already hatched plans for his own invasion but you could imagine how this spurred him into action. He immediately chartered a vessel but unfortunately it had to finish a previous charter. Eventually Fawkner and his party boarded the Enterprize but the Master refused to take Fawkner,who was put ashore in Queens Town to settle his financial affairs. Fawkner later gave sea-sickness as the reason he went ashore!

Captain Lancey was put in charge of the party which included Evans who established Emu Bottom near Sunbury. He was given instructions to try Westernport first but was unimpressed and entered the bay. A 1935 article,based on Lancey's diary gives exact dates for this and other incidents as they sailed up the bay and can be retrieved from my DROMANA ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE if requested. The party landed near Rosebud but was also unimpressed by their walkabout.

Wannaeue included three squatting runs and possibly five. The Boniyong Run included part of the parish of Fingal,Tootgarook was in the area now carrying the name, Arthurs Seat probably included the parish of Kangerong (except for Jamieson's Special Survey), Wooloowoolooboolook was probably between Old Cape Schanck Rd and Boneo Rd and Captain Henry Everest may have had a 750 acres Run adjoining the Arthurs Seat Run at Adams Creek (The Avenue) and extending south to Hove Rd.

In 1843, Owen Cain established Tyrone west of Rye, and soon after, his four and a half year old daughter, Sarah, went missing for four days and nights.She heard searchers calling but didn't answer because she feared that the sounds came from aborigines. Near dead she was taken to George Smith's Wooloowoolooboolook Station where Mrs Smith (related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake,according to Spencer Jackson in BEAUTIFUL DROMANA)nursed her back to health.

The date of Captain Henry Everest Adams' arrival at Adams'Corner (Wattle Place) is shrouded in mystery. The amazing thing is that Adams' folklore mentions a 750 acre property (which is wrongly called a grant.) It was supposed to have been given to him as a reward for carrying convicts. Victoria prides itself on not having been a convict colony and turned away the Pentonvillians but I know when convicts were imported. It's all on trove! In about 1841 there was a severe labour shortage and the authorities imported ticket of leave men from Van Dieman's Land until the Bounty passengers from England ( such as Oliver and Sarah Wilson, subjects of one of my journals)started to arrive.

The Dromana Pioneer Pathway plaque states that the Captain arrived in 1845 but later the Dromana Historical Society decided he had beached his ship in the area about five years earlier. The home he built with the ship's timbers was on the site of the McCrae Car wash. This was on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue, between The Avenue and Parkmore Rd and South to Cape Schanck Rd (the freeway)which was not available for selection in the 1850's and was sold as the Village of Wannaeue in about 1877.

Next paragraph in comment 1.(Purves,Barker, Burrell.)

When the land in Wannaeue was made available for selection, crown allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue, was selected by Isaac White. It is not clear which Isaac White this was but it could have been the following:
DIED.
On the 33rd inst., suddenly, at Prahran, of apoplexy, Mr. Isaac White, aged 58 years. Friends please to ac-
cept this notice. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1854.)

In the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864,Henry Everest Adams was rated on a seven roomed house and 91 acres (N.A.V. 30 pounds) but the NAV was unchanged on 5-9-1865 when the assessment included 191 acres (Isaac White's grant.)

Crown allotment 18, between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd, and consisting of 152 acres 2 roods and 16 perches, was granted to G.H.Warren. Between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk was c/a 17 of 129 acres 2 roods and 28 perches, granted to R.Glover and J.Wallace on 16-5-1856. Between there and about Fifth Avenue was c/a 16 of 115 acres, granted to H.Stratford and J.Ridgway on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 15, of 101 acres 1 rood and 8 perches extending west to First Avenue,was granted to R.M.Owens on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 14 of 116 acres 3 roods and 38 perches was granted to Hugh Glass.



All of the allotments mentioned (17-14) extended south to the government road (Eastbourne Rd.) Hugh Glass probably bought c/a 14, between First Avenue and Boneo Rd, as a holding paddock for stock being driven to Melbourne COMMENT 2.


RATES.

20 comment(s), latest 2 weeks, 6 days ago

EARLY SUBURBAN TULLAMARINE, VIC., AUST.

by bluestonedreaming on 2012-02-04 22:02:25
Hi itellya,
just joined up family tree to tell ya thta i am enjoying your Tullamarine history notes very much! SInce moving to the corner of Melrose and Tadstan drive(Broombank I am so far gathering?) ten years ago , i felt a lot of history here that appearances did not indicate was so. Have looked sporadically for information on th e internet mainly, as being oft housebound, google has been the extent of "research". . So excited to be able to read your fascinating insights and wealth of knowledge, thankyou so much for sharing! You have inspired me to make the plan for the Public Records Office this year, although I may not need it as your findings are so thorough. Marvellous!
NK
by bluestonedreaming on 2012-02-04 22:04:20
*make the plan for a visit to the PRO!
by itellya on 2012-02-05 00:58:03
Ben Kelly was one of the buyers in Ray Loft's subdivision of Broombank. He had a large block at the corner of Lancefield Rd (Melrose Drive) and Tadstan Drive.
Ben's eccentric ways are described by Leo Dineen in the following. Google "Ben Kelly, rowing" and you'll get an idea about how extraordinary this pioneer of the suburb of Tullamarine was.


THE SUBURB OF TULLAMARINE.
by me, 1998.
Tullamarine grows.
There were attempts to develop Tullamarine in the early 1890s and the mid 1920s. Speculator,G.W.Taylor, bought Gladstone and many farms along Bulla Rd.(Melrose Drive) because his politician mate, Tommy Bent, intended to build a branch railway line to Bulla, perhaps passing through Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows). The depression of about 1892 put an end to the railway and Taylor lost his deposit and other payments to the farm owners who regained ownership.
Soon after moving to Tullamarine in the early 1920s, Tom Loft subdivided part of his farm, Dalkeith, with lots 1-16 being bounded by Dalkeith Ave., Broadmeadows Rd., Sharps Rd. and Eumarella St. Lots 17-32 were between Eumarella and Gordon Streets. As in 1890 the land boom was followed by a bust and the depression of the 1930s, followed by a shortage of building materials during and after the war meant that little new housing was seen in the area till the 1950s. It is unlikely, however, that Lofts Subdivision would have sold even without these impediments; people just didnt know where Tullamarine was!
Returned servicemen making up for lost time had caused a demand for housing in the 1920s and this situation was now repeated. Stanley Korman bought Gladstone, Palmers land and Gowanbrae, Denhams Land (Catherine Ave. and Trade Park Industrial Estate) and Strathconnan as well as Woodlands and other land to the north. His efforts to develop Gladstone Park were thwarted by the M.M.B.W.s inability to extend a water main to the estate. Thousands of small investors in Stanhill lost their life-savings but after a decade Korman sold Gladstone Park, which was in the name of a family trust, to Costains for an 8000% profit.
Joe Thomas of Carinya Park in Sharps Rd. was able to purchase Mansfields Triangle, Bill Parrs old Annandale farm at the west end of Sharps Rd. and land further west, but only the first of these became a housing estate. It was part of Carinya Park which started the first real burst of development in Tullamarine; Ray Loft had sold Broombank in the early 1950s to Ben Kelly and Walter Murphy but the people who settled here usually knew the area already. Established in March 1955, Caterpillar of Australia Pty. Ltd. purchased 110 acres and by November, the first steel had arrived for the 100 000 squ. ft. plant and before this was completed the construction of a second plant of the same size was authorised. The first grader was completed in January 1957 and by the time the factory was officially opened by the Governor, Sir Dallas Brooks, on 11-4-1960, the number of employees had risen from 55 to 650.
Another local landmark was commenced in about November 1955. This was the Village Drive-in, which occupied the site of Forum Dr., Paramount Ct. and Columbia Cl. houses. As no patrons were likely to travel to the unknown Tullamarine, it was called the Essendon drive-in to convey the impression that it was not far past the Essendon Aerodrome. Residents across Bulla or Lancefield Rd.(as it was later called) such as Alf Murray were not impressed by some patrons; not because they tested their suspensions inside the theatre but because they tried to beat the land-speed record as they took off on the gravelled exit.
No doubt many of the Triangular Estates first residents moved there because of the employment provided by Caterpillar. Many of them were migrants such as Ilko Romaniw who moved to the Triangle in 1949. Other migrants, such as Stella Collins in 1953, settled near Malvern Ave. on an estate sold by Bruce Small, manufacturer of the famed Malvern Star bicycles and later Mayor of the Gold Coast. The resulting increase in the number of children presented a twofold problem for Tom Dunne, the teacher at Tullamarine State School 2613 at the corner of Bulla Rd. and Conders Lane (the north corner of Melrose Dr. and Link Rd.) Many children could not be accommodated and many of the new enrolments could not speak a word of English.
One child in the overflow forced to attend Essendon North Primary School was Jan Hedger who now under the alias of Jan Hutchinson carries on her late fathers fine record of community service. However Jan was not always so virtuous!
Ceremonies lasting four days will give Caterpillar dealers, customers, officials of local,civic, trade and social organisations, employees family and friends, the opportunity to tour the manufacturing building and also see the display of equipment So said the newspaper. It is unlikely that Jan and her fellow educational exiles did much touring or inspecting but upon alighting from the bus they treated themselves to the sort of afternoon tea that dreams are made of, four days in a row!
By 1959, subdivisional plans had been drawn up for 20 000 homes, new schools near the west end of Catherine Ave and in Western Ave. and Gladstone Park, and a Shopping Centre near Phelan Crt. Crottys Broomfield and land further south to Spence St were included in this grand plan, which encompassed the area between Moonee Ponds Creek and the west end of Sharps Rd. Locals, who were worried about rumours of a gasometer being built, were staggered when surveyors told them that land was to be acquired for an airport.
This halted work on the Tullamarine hall whose foundations had just been poured on the Bulla Rd Recreation Reserve. It also spelt the end for farms such as Bayview, Sinleigh, The Elms, Ecclesfield, Gowrie Park, Glendewar, Seafield, Oakbank and Ristaro where hay-growing and dairying had been carried out for well over a century with some pig and poultry farming commencing in the 1920s. Perhaps it had been an omen when James Lanes Gowrie Park was used as a landing field even before Essendon Aerodrome opened; watching planes landing at Tullamarine, one is looking at the former Gowrie Park. A proposal to rename airport streets in 1989 was abandoned but my suggestion of Gowrie Park Dr., near the Liquor Locker, sneaked through somehow.
Walter Murphy led a committee of citizens opposing the Jetport with the backing of Korman and others but their suggestion that Avalon was a better site was not accepted. Walter was a great leader of the Tullamarine community who organised the relocation of the Tuulamarine and Broadmeadows Township war memorials and St Marys Church as well as heading the committee which had reached the foundations stage for the hall.
Stanley Korman was having trouble in getting a water supply but he was not on his own. Triangle residents and those near Malvern Ave. had to cart water from a standpipe which I believe was near the Carrick Dr. corner. Residents had lengthy waits before power could be connected as well. Other problems such as poor drainage and a lack of rubbish collections made our recent week of cold showers seem fairly insignificant. Sid Hedger was later to play a huge part in getting sewerage for residents at a reasonable cost.
Roads were a nightmare. The sealed middle section of Lancefield, Broadmeadows and Sharps Rds. was only wide enough for one car and drivers using the shoulders felt that they might roll over as the camber was so steep. It was not until the early 70s, when Cr. Leo Dineen persuaded the Commonwealth to give a substantial grant because Sharps Rd. provided access to the airport, that any of the main roads became more than goat tracks. In 1974, Cr. Gibb was riding his motor bike across the one-way bridge in Fosters Rd. on the way to a council meeting when a drunk driver sped onto the bridge, knocking him off the edge to fall several metres into the creek; bruised and soaked, he made it to the meeting but was carted off home to recover.
By 1957, Lofts Subdivision boasted six houses, occupied by the Lloyd brothers, H.J.Bond, Frank Place, K.M.Wilson, L.Greenaway (Broadmeadows Rd.), Joe Crotty (3 Eumarella St) and Alf Cock (2 Gordon St.). Percy Hurren, who owned Dalkeith, lived in the homestead on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave. By this time, Mrs. Watson who had run the post office attached to 318 Melrose Dr., had transferred to the General Store on the site of the present liquor store in the triangle. Later, the rest of Dalkeith was developed as the Broadwood Park Estate.
In the first couple of years in the 70s there was a huge sign on the Honda corner advertising Twentieth Century City. This was the old Crotty farm, Broomfield, which is now the Tullamarine Industrial Estate. A road directory of the time shows Moore Rd extended to Fosters Rd. with Erebus St. and Kingsford Smith Drive running between it and Sharps Rd. Keilor Council had been forced by planning protocol to grant permits for this area despite being aware of its unsuitability, because of lack of consultation between the Dept. of Civil Aviation and the M.M.B.W. (which was the only body with the authority to ban housing). Rezoned from rural to residential on September 1966, it was purchased by D.D.Schoenbergs Tullamarine Syndicate in October 1967 with the encouragement of the M.M.B.W. and the state government. However, after spending $630 000 for sewerage, water mains and other development by June 1968, the syndicate voluntarily refrained from selling house blocks, which they were legally entitled to do, because of a warning from D.C.A. in May 1968 to halt development.(Minutes of evidence to the Commonwealth Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works 1971 re proposed development of runways etc).

THE WORKERS.
The Progress Association had ground to a halt in the early 1960 as families moved away, with their farms having been taken for the airport, or stalwarts, such as Alf Cock who had been an office bearer since its inception in 1924, just plain growing old. In the mid 1960s, the T.P.A. was given a new lease of life by triangle residents such as Leo Dineen, Ron Langtip and Sid Hedger.
The October 1965 Annual Meeting was attended by: Leo, Ron, Sid, H.Hutchinson, Ben Kelly, Ken Boots, Sid Wheller, K.Tyler, W.Walden, M.Kerschbaumer, David Axon, I.Romaniw, N.Royle, Ian McNab, D.L.Morgan, J.A.Paul, E.F.Bray, W.H.Ruszowski, C.McClusky, N.Potter, L.Heskes, Les McClusky, D. Garnar, P.&A.Murray.
Other early members, and the year of their first meeting, are:
1965. FREIBER, GOMORI, HORPINITCH, WARNE
1966. WENCZEL, LILLEY, WINNELL, SHEEHAN, LEES, TAYLOR, GUILLINE, HORMAN, WANNINGER, BECK, GETTOS, GARNAR, DENNIS, GALOS, MATUZEK, BOUCHER, LANDERYOU, KOKOJINKO, MARCHENKA, FROMKIEWICZ, PASSMORE, PAUL,
1967. DRESSLER, MURPHY, HUGHES, ERICSON, OSBORN, TEMPLETON
1968. GALACHO, CARTER
1969. MASON, WHELAN
1970. CATON, PRYSE, KENNEDY
1971. GIBB
1973. LARGE, OGIER, CHIVELL, McFARLANE, LOFTS
1974. HOWARD, CANNAVO, MILLER
1975. FARRUGIA, SCHWAB.

As can be seen, the greatest influx of members occurred in the mid-60s. At this time there were plans for three different halls in Tullamarine. The original committee consisted of members of the Heaps, Nash, Henderson, Morgan, Thorburn, Craig, Swartz, Eddy, Denham, Rhodes, Crotty, Thomas, Doyle and Cock families with Walter Murphy as Chairman. It had received Health Dept. approval and a Broadmeadows Shire permit in 1957 but as the foundations were being poured it was announced that a jetport was to be established in the area and that the recreation grounds were within the area required as Walter Murphy put it in a letter to Tullamarine Progress Association secretary, Leo Dineen, on 3-5- 1966.
Walter went on to say that when it became apparent in 1965 that the reserve would not be required, the committee again approached the council. In a previous reply to Leo on 20-7-65, Major Murphy, as he was commonly known,stated that the hall would cost 4000 pounds, that council assistance was likely and that a change of plans would further delay the work. The change of plans was probably a request for the hall to be built further south, as by this time the post office was on the triangle and the school on Dalkeith with the majority of Tullamarines population now living south of Greens Corner.
The letter of 3-5-66 mentions a T.P.A. request for the money raised to be used for building a hall ¾ mile away and the difficulty raised by the request because so many of the old people who donated money had died or moved away. An enclosed legal opinion from Messrs Podem, Blaski & Co. stated .. it would be illegal to utilise money raised for a hall on the Recreation Reserve for the purpose of erecting a Public Hall on another site, even on one only ¾ of a mile away.
On 28-6-66 the T.PA. set up a provisional hall committee comprised of Ken Boots, Len Garnar, Ben Kelly plus the secretary (Leo) and President (Sid Hedger?). It was realised that fund-raising would be difficult after many residents had contributed to two hall funds which have not been fruitful.
The second fund, raised to build a hall on the Carol Grove Reserve, had collapsed but proved to be the key to a solution. Leo and the President met Mrs Kelly (Ruth?) and the treasurer of the Triangle Committee, Mr Bray, on 28-2-1967 and suggested that their money be donated to Major Murphys committee to allow commencement of that hall; Mr Bray undertook to send a circular to residents to gauge their approval of this plan, which he clearly supported.
It was Len Garnars suggestion that residents be asked to support a 20c per week donation scheme and support it they did. The Tullamarine Community Hall in Spring St. was officially opened on Saturday, 15 August, 1970.
In 1971, these were some of the people keeping Tulla ticking:
PROGRESS ASS. - PRES.JOHN OSBORN, SEC.DAVE AXON
SCHOOL COMM. - PRES. KEITH RHODES, SEC. MRS. G.M.DAVIS
MOTHERS CLUB- PRES. MRS.J.ALLEN, SEC. MRS. DORIS RORKE.(who planted the garden around the school buildings.)
YOUTH CLUB- PRES. CR. CLIFF HARVEY, SEC. MR. I. ANDERSON
HALL COMMITTEE PRES. BRIAN LLOYD, SEC. MRS. RHONDA LILLY.
The position of secretary of the hall committee also involved being booking officer which is a great job if you enjoy talking to people- at all hours of the night. Bev Large took over this role for several years before moving to Romsey and was followed by Barbara Newland. The Hall Committee had representatives from all the groups which used it and it was because of this that Jan Hutchinson, a Brownie leader, became involved. She has served so long as booking officer that Im sure that even Caterpillar would now forgive her pigging-out indiscretion in 1960! Leo Caton was a wonderful worker in the early days of the hall, almost single- handedly transforming a mere shell into an attractive, well- equipped function centre.

JOHN PETERSON REMEMBERS (C.1989)
.Tullamarine has grown tremendously over the last twenty years Those of us who can remember that far back can also remember the open paddocks and the chatter of the Americans who were living in the area while the Airport was being built. (The Theresa St. area was developed to accommodate them. R. Gibb) The cows from the nearby Moonya dairy used to graze on the open paddocks which now are occupied by the houses in Micheline and Dawson Streets. It was not unusual to wake up in the morning with a cow peering in your window.
Many sporting teams were started by some of our energetic residents. One such club which came into being in the late 60s was the Tullamarine Little Athletics Club.. Some of those who played a major part in getting the Tulla club started were the Dineens, later to become the mayor and mayoress of Keilor, the Langtips, Petersens, Bennetts, and Bradleys. Later on there were the Masons Frys, Halls Aylmers, Allisons, Rentons, Gibbs and Kerschbaumers.
(John wrote much about the merit of every child in little aths. being rewarded and the long-lasting friendships which developed through the club as well as apologising to anyone hed left off his list of stalwarts.)

THE SONIC.
This popular community newsletter, published monthly by the Progress Association and the Youth Club was just one of the things the Dineens got off the ground. Leo and Shirley probably had purple fingers and unwanted highs after nights spent working on the old spirit duplicator which was used at first but they would have had little trouble compiling news from the various organisations; they were on most of them. When I took over as editor, a more advanced spirit duplicator was housed at the house of Youth Club stalwarts, Trev. And Val Mason. A year or so later, Peter Ogiers expertise gave the Sonic a more professional appearance with a fancy coloured letterhead. Some of the busy typists who helped in this valuable community links production were Pat Street, Kaye Caton, Val Mason, Bev. Large, Barbara Parker and Pam Dosser.
Yearly T.P.A. membership collections helped to finance the Sonic but advertisers helped too. They included:Chris & Venus Koutsovasilis (milk bar), Ross Scaffidi (greengrocer), John Osborn (chemist), Elaine Jones, G&C Camping Gear (17 Theresa St.), Moonya Farm Dairy, Tullamarine Plant Farm (Sid Wheller, 8 Sharps Rd.), Tulla Self Service, Chris & Helen Dzolis (milk bar on Spring St cnr.), Tulla Hardware, Joe & Ivan Kaytar (engineering), Ampol Service Station (Clarke, at cnr. of Sharps & Lancefield Rds.), Mobil Service Station (Peter Woods), Alan Kirby (T.V. repairs, 3 Fisher Gr.), Delicatessen & Milk Bar (next to butcher, Noel, Charlie &Marcel Zeidan), Electrician (5 Londrew), Removals (Noel Grist-the Kindergarten Associations first life member), Jeannies Driving School, Niddrie.

The November 1973 issue of the Sonic mentions:
Many lawns being overgrown. Leo Dineen, Cr Ernie Angel, Leo Caton and myself visiting the airport to discuss the aircraft noise problem with bush- basher, Leo Caton, getting bogged in Derby St on the way home. Vice Principal, Alan Hewitt, coming to the rescue when a house in Eumarella St. lost its tiles. The Kindergarten Associations Dinner Dance, Paper Drive and film festival, Gordon Henwoods civic spirited action, the eyesore north of the newsagency. Mrs Dianne Goodalls thanks for Sonic and applauding the many community activities. Convenor, Leo Dineens notice of a meeting on 14 November to form a tennis club with those unable to attend being asked to contact Leo or Jeff Chivell. And the Youth Clubs football, gymnastics, ballet, table tennis, guitar classes, cricket, and basketball. The Progress Association Committee consisted of C.Warne (P), R.Gibb (S), Cr. Dineen, R.Watts, I.Romoniw, K. Critchley, L.Garnar, L.Caton, and Bev. Large (A.S.). Thanks were extended to Ron Langtip for his long service as Treasurer and the retiring President, Leo Caton. Elected to the Hall Committee were: Bev Large, Ruth Kelly, Pat Street, Rhonda Lilly, Len Garnar, M.Rogan, G.Lofts, C. Warne, Reg Pryce, J.Young, Ray Cannon and L.Dineen. T.P.A. requests included vehicles not entering the proposed Derby St development (Ansair) via Derby St, the M.M.T.B. to extend their services to Gladstone Park and a sign and historical board to be placed at Greens Corner.
The November, 73 issue continued a history of the early days of the youth club, which I will quote.
ACTIVITIES BEGIN.
Well there we were,a totally inexperienced committee of ten people (Mr Stephen Wenczel had by then been introduced to and accepted onto the foundation committee.)
However, lack of experience was well compensated for by the enthusiasm shown by all.

SATURDAY, 21st JUNE, 1969.
The day started very early for some. Bread, donated by a Coburg bakery,had to be collected. Also a portable gas stove on loan from friends in Essendon, frankfurts from Flemington, drinks from Ascot Vale.
At 8:30 on the dot, Brian Bennett was loading his trailer with portable goal posts, footballs, basketballs, tug-o- war ropes etc.
Activities began at 9 a.m. Children! They were everywhere. Brian Bennett, Cr. Leo Dineen, Martin and Tom Allison and Stephen Wenczel volunteered their time to coach the boys at football. Christine Kennett, Dianne Tucker and Jenny Dinsdale led girls in basketball (netball). They were assisted by Mrs. Smith,a senior basketball coach.
The hot dog stand proved an outstanding success. By the time the last one was dispensed, the toilers, Mrs. Muscat and Mrs. Allison were in a state of collapse. The children also accounted for 12 dozen soft drinks. This is a quote from the Keilor Messenger which started early in June 1969, Editor, Cec. Rowlands was giving the club a much appreciated burst of publicity. Indeed he continued to do so for as long as we supplied him with material. Mr Keith Johnson M.H.R., a former Broadmeadows councillor, was in attendance and offered to help the club in any way possible. At this stage activities were free. The Clubs sole source of income being special efforts, the hot dog stand and donations. (If I remember correctly, Val Mason was writing this history; it is typical of Trev and Val that their names are missing!)
News and issues mentioned in other issues of the SONIC follow:
April, 1973.
Children riding mini bikes on footpaths. Cyclists riding near shop doorways. Design of the Kindergarten was underway and steps were being taken to rezone the Dawson St. site.Council officers had been instructed to contact the C.R.B. re alignments to spreed up the commencement of construction of Fosters Rd. (Keilor Park Dr.). Work on Broadmeadows Rd. would start when Fosters Rd. was finished. People were asked not to park on the service road at the Melrose Dr. shops as it endangered children going from the (mud/ dustbowl ) car park to the shops.

T.P.A. 15-3-73 MEETING. R.LANGTIP, T.SCHWAB, K.JONES, B.LARGE, M. KERSCHBAUMER, P. OGIER, L.DINEEN, R.LILLY, T.MASON, L.CATON, MRS C. DUDLEY, R.GIBB, M.MOORE,& B.LARGE ATTENDED WITH THE LAST THREE FILLING THE VACANT POSITIONS OF SEC., ASS. SEC., AND HALL COMM. SEC.

KINDERGARTEN ASS.
The treasurer, Rhonda Kuflik and her husband, Richard, were thanked for putting up with a backyard full of bottles for so long; as they wanted a lawn, the bottle drive had now ended. (I seem to remember Bev Lindsey using her garage as a drop off place on nominated dates after this.)

LITTLE ATHS.
Thanks to Monica and Frank Place and Faye and Ron McDonald for donations. Presentations were made to the children with the Sextons, Howes, Bants, Posts, McFarlanes, Eriksons, DAgatas and Lillys being among those not mentioned previously in connection with Little Aths.(Incidentally, Carey Hall who was a junior footy champ and handy at aths. became an international cyclist.)
Little Aths. was still part of the Youth Club at this stage.

T.Y.C.
Jenny Godber was to be the new ballet teacher and the committee was comprised of Mesdames Croce, Aikas, Taylor and Pereira. The T.Y.C. football committee consisted of John Pearson (P), Ray Lofts (VP), John Petersen (TR.), Marty Allison (Sec.), John Hall, John Amott, John McDonald and Wayne Whiting; retiring officials, Ken Boots, Don Tudor and Ken Davies were thanked for their efforts. Jenny Savill, Kerri Pearson, Billy Keegan and Anthony Armstrong represented the club at a Government House function. Local children who assisted in the Red Cross Doorknock were Pam Rossely, Debra Kovac, Ian Scown, Brendan Mason, Robert Pezeli, Grant Tudor, Colin and Randall Todd and Steven Collins.
In presenting cricket trophies to Anthony Armstrong, Phillip Briggs, David Jones, John Bennett, Stephen Davies, John Wenczel, Peter Daniel and Mark Pearson, Cr.Cliff Harvey spoke glowingly of the service given by the late Sid Hedger and Ivor Anderson after whom shields had been named. President, Ken Boots, thanked coaches and the committee.
Jenny Abdillas gymnastics classes were popular. Volleyball would be starting soon.

May, 73 SONIC.
A Personality of The Month article featured Leo Dineen. Grandson of the Tullamarine S.S. 2613 teacher in the 1920s (and an early Progress Association auditor and committee member), and son of a teacher, Leo settled in Tullamarine in 1961. Seven years later, he moved to Theresa St. Having joined the Progress Association in 1962, Leo started the SONIC in 1963 and served many years as T.P.A. Secretary in the 1960s.
Inaugural President of the Keilor Little Athletics Centre, trustee of the youth club and a member of just about every committee in Tulla, Leo conveys hosts of noisy young footballers to games in his station wagon as well. First elected to Keilor Council in 1967, Leo served as Mayor in 1970-1. His close co-operation with the Progress Association has led to better lighting, the service road in front of the shopping centre, the Triangular Estate drainage scheme, and the Spring St. drain being undergrounded. To come in the near future are a pavilion, sealed car park,a storeroom added to the hall and other sporting facilities.
His wife, Shirley, the proud mother of Mike 12, Tricia 10, Tony 8, and Kevin 5, is also very active in Little Athletics activities as well as coping with her young family while Leo spends nearly every night of the week at meetings.

Kindergarten Association.
For the second month in a row over 2 tons of newspapers has been collected. The Gala Day on Queens Birthday will feature a womens football match, again, a bike-a thon, and pony rides (provided by Peggy Ball).

Tullamarine Volleyball Club. Wednesdays 8:30- 10:30. Ph. 338 4148 for details.

T.Y.C.
BALLET. Mrs Barbara Potter, liason officer, has not been mentioned yet.
CONTACTS. Little Aths.-Shirley Dineen Cricket- George Armstrong
Football-Marty Allison Gym.- Mrs Pomroy
Badminton- Betty Davies Volleyball- Ray Gibb
Table Tennis- Steven Baric Ballet- Sandra Taylor
Prospective new activities- Trevor Mason
A teacher is wanted for guitar classes.
Thanks to Ian McFarlane, Wayne Martin, Cyril Milne, Frank Place, John Hall and Trevor Mason for assistance with the weekly special effort.
Basket Supper Dance 30th June. Ticket secretaries- Ian McFarlane, Val Taylor, George Armstrong, Barbara McColley, Ronnie Crawford.
First round of footy- best: U9. N.Allison &C. Hall. U11. M. Allison, J. DAgata, E.De Francesco

AROUND AND ABOUT. Milton Cooper (Boxer) and Paul Sproule (footballer) are two residents having success in sport. Greenvale reservoir opened on 18-4- 1973.

The last document of this era that I have found is the Kindergarten Association Annual Report of 19-3- 1973. It gives some insight into the activity taking place at the time, both to raise funds and make Tullamarine a community. It is unsigned but I am sure that Sandra Braun was the Secretary.
We are now about to enter our third year...This past year has been marked by many and varied functions.Ben Halls bazaar..was also affected by bad weatherThe early part of winter seemed to be the time for demonstration parties.
The highlight of the year was without doubt the Gala Day held on Queens Birthday weekend. All members of the committee co-operated very well to make this day the outstanding day it no doubt was, but special thanks are given to Mr. Ray Gibb who donated so much of his time towards making this day a function to be remembered. There were stalls set up inside the hall and afternoon tea was provided also; however during the morning the local children took part in a runathon which raised a considerable amount of money, then the parents and other interested people enjoyed a barbeque whilst the children queued eagerly for hot dogs and pony rides! In the afternoon much hilarity was seen at the ladies football game against the lady members of the local youth club, who took the field under the name of Masons Mashers.September was again a busy month for the committee with a baby show and a fashion parade. Thanks are extended to Mrs. Elaine Cardona for all the effort she put into making the baby show a success- and it only went to show how many babies there were in Tullamarine.and thanks are extended to Mrs. Lyn Milley who undertook the organising of the successful fashion parade. ..Early in November there was a luncheon showing of the Myer spring catalogue and all who attended expressed their enthusiasm. Two street stalls were held and thanks are given to those who man the stall and local residents who donate the wonderful cakes which are no small part of the success of such stalls. Cookery books were typed , run off and sold.
During the latter half of the year Mr. Ray Gibb and Mr John Storey organised several paper drives and bottle collections. Thanks are extended to both and especially to Ray, for the immense amount of work involved in the paper collections. Also we must thank the local husbands who assisted, and Mr. Noel Grist for the frequent use of his furniture van for removal of the papers to the depot.
As regards the bottle collections, thanks must be given to our President (Bev. Cassar) and Treasurer (Rhonda Kuflik) who have done most of the collecting alone and even risked a fracas with the garbage collectors to make a few extra dollars for the kindergarten. Toy parties were held shortly prior to ChristmasThe local chemist Mr.J.Osborn was nominated to pick the winner which turned out to be a committee member!
Everyone in Tullamarine will agree that the year was finished with a rousing send off at the Community Centre with our first ever cabaret ball. Socially this was about the most successful function ever held by the Association and the thanks for this must go to Mr. John Storey who not only worked to make the administrative arrangements a success, but also took time off work to assist in decorating the hall.
Financially this year has been extremely successful, but this is due in the main to the wonderful support received towards our weekly donation campaign, which is nearing its final stages now. Especial thanks are given to all our tireless workers who unfailingly give of their time and efforts each week, and we must also thank the local residents who have so willingly donated this money. It is thanks to these people that our bank balance now stands in excess of $3,500. (This amount would have bought a house block in Tulla in 1971!)
During the year we regretfully accepted the resignation of our inaugural President Mrs. Deanna Johnson, who due to family circumstances, moved back to Queensland. Rhonda Kuflik has been an able and energetic treasurer. I know I speak on behalf of all committee memberswhen I express our very sincere thanks to our President, Beverley Cassar, who stepped into Deannas shoes when she left and has unfailingly given of her best to make sure the various functions are a success.
(Three people who worked hard for the kindergarten were Alan Kirby, Carol Wright and Doug Fraser, especially in the paper drives. Maureen Leahy also gave great service, as did Bev. Lindsey who was also a prime mover with the scouts.)

MORE GREAT WORKERS.
As sure as women gossip, Ill leave somebody off the list but chats with Frank Thom, Maureen Leahy and Bev Lindsey today have oiled my rusty memory.

SCOUTS. Penny and Wayne Killen, Dora and Trevor Still, Cliff Staggard, Mick Dowell, Ivan Gellie, Molly and Eric Allen, Stan and Ellen Wright, Gary and Bev Lindsey, Ian McFarlane, Gordon Henwood*, Pat Pieroni, Bob Ratten, Bill and Audrey Walden, Frank Thom, Ross and Ron McDonald (unrelated), Mal Fry, Dawn Torode, Ivy Lilly.
KINDERGARTEN. Ian Goudie (who also gave the football club long service as a trainer and served it as secretary), Bill Collins, Roy Hollis, Ron and Anita Dawson, Prue Hicks, Ron Farrugia, Graeme Smith, Doug Fraser, Mike and Heather Keenan, Richard & Annette Benson, Mike & Dianne Leahy.
SONIC EDITOR. Ian Howard.
SCHOOL. Doug Fraser, Kevin Jones, Ray Lofts, Vivien Sutherland (canteen), Doris Rorke (garden), Reg Pryse, Peter Gordon, Ray Gibb, Frank Thom (sprinkler system).
GUIDES. Mrs Gregg. HALL COMMITTEE. Ray Cannon.
(*Without Gordon's help in 1988 I would not have been able to start my historical research!)

Tullamarine Progress Association.
The minutes book reveals some of the communitys concerns.
19-4-73. Airport noise, poor state of road shoulders near railway bridge.
17-5-73. Drains in Lancefield Rd. north of Greens Corner.
21-6-73. Police station needed.
19-7-73. Stop sign at Carrick Dr, flat policy and Tadstan Dr. sewerage requested. Residents asked for suggestions re renaming Lancefield Rd.
15-11-73. Council workers strike for eight weeks. With the approval of state union secretary, Neil Cole, Ray Gibb organises a collection of Tullas maggot- ridden garbage. With Dave Calders truck and collectors such as Carol Wright and Dieter Behrendt, after a threatening confrontation at Keilor tip, all of Tullas rubbish was disposed of.
21-2-74. Police asked to supervise traffic leaving drive-in. Lancefield Rd. beautification (mounds).
Railway station requested near Caterpillar.
21-3-74. Need to solve traffic problem near bridge before Cadbury Schweppes opens. (It opened in January 1975.)
18-4-74. Cleaning of Spring Creek needed.
20-6-74. Whistling noise from Frozen Foods is annoying residents.
18-8-74. Sewerage in the Malvern Avenue area.
31-10-74. Kindergarten Association asking for temporary use of hall.
4-12-74. Slowness in installing requested stop signs due to need for traffic counts say the councils. Fence needed for creek in Dawson St.
28-3-75. Lack of action by Keilor City Council re storage room for hall. Ron Langtip and Cr.Gibb attended the first meeting of the Keilor Park Progress Association.
26-5-75. T.P.A. presses for duplication of the railway bridge. Oval at Spring St. to be ready for next football season and the pavilion by Christmas. Youth Club Storage shed. (It was placed about where Tulla players enter their change rooms.)
28-8-75. A special meeting is held so that ward councillors Dineen, Tagell and Gibb can explain why they, with Crs. Hall, Free and Heinze, called for the sacking of Keilor Council. Municipal Administration Inspector, B.C.Kellehers report in September confirmed claims about council officers: attempting to discredit councillors and the Town Clerk, having suspicious land dealings, responding Bullshit to a statement in a meeting by the Town Clerk with the Mayor taking no action. He also stated that the Mayor had not exercised the degree of authority necessary to maintain even reasonable control over meetings. The guilty officers had sided with the City Engineer in a power struggle with the Town Clerk some years earlier, as had the councillors with whom they were conspiring.

THE LATER 70S.
By this time, Tullamarine was filling up and most of the facilities, such as the library in 1978, had been provided. This meant more time could be spent in the home and the frenetic hard yakka, which had developed Tulla so quickly, was no longer necessary. But those who shared this toil have fond memories of mates and achievements.

DO YOU REMEMBER?
The tyre service south of the K.F.C. site and the frequent black-smoke fires.

Social basketball on the outdoor court at Spring St. and then at Niddrie High.

Youth Club Basketball teams playing at the Showgrounds (teenagers such as Kevin Morrison playing open age) and later younger lads at Morgans factory in the creek valley.

Youth Club Coffee Nights every Friday night until mid 1978.

The first under 13 football team starting games at about 8:30 every Saturday morning with Jeff Chivell as Coach, Noel West and Ted Jennings as officials and Betty Davies providing 100 decibel support.

The houses that used to be where the Melrose Drive Shopping Centre is now.

The open drain that ran through the Spring St. Reserve; the children used to have great fun chasing rats.

Tullamarine- Ascot Vale, coached by Ken Newton and with a nippy young rover named Robbie McDonald, playing at the Melrose Dr. Reserve in about 1972 before moving to Fairbairn Park. This club merged with Essendon Baptists- St. Johns with the new club commencing at the newly- finished Spring St. oval and immediately setting about smashing Douttas E.D.F.L. consecutive A Grade premierships record. The oval was constructed by Frank Thom who served the scouts, School and Kindergarten well: his wife Carol was a member of the Kindergarten Association committee. Those who contributed to the five consecutive A Grade flags were: A.BENT 75-9; P.OWEN 75-9; T. HOPE 75,6,8,9; T.HERSBACH 75-9; A.FISCHER 75,6,7,9; J.GLEN 75-9; S.SPARK 75-9; G.OBRIEN 75-8; A.DELALANDE 76-9; R.McDONALD 75-8; B.PATERSON 75-6; A. PATERSON 76-8; G.PATERSON 76-8; J. ANDERSON 76-8; P.WHITE 77-9; P.MUTIMER 75,6,9; I.LUMSDEN 75,7,9; S.DAVIES 77-8; R. PARKER 76-8; G.HARRISON 75,8,9; B.TREGONING, S.BORDINGNON, C.SMITH, J.BORDIGNON(C.C.), C.FRASER IN 1975; J. FLETCHER, R.WOODS, R.JONES 1976; L.FROST, D.LOVECOTT, M.PEARCE, J.WELSH 1977; P.SMITH, G.LARKIN 1978; J.EDWARDS (COACH),M.CLARKSON,A.SIMIC,T.LAVERDE, J.POTTER, M.DUNCAN, K.ROBERTS 1979.

Peter Owens dazzling play for Tulla. For one who couldnt get a game in the under 17s, the level of skill and determination he displayed was amazing. He coached the last two premiership sides and coached Strathmore to the next years flag.

Tullas miraculous effort to come back from a seven goal deficit in the last five minutes and win the B Grade flag under Gary Cranes coaching in 1981. The clubs other B grade premiership was won with Graeme Harrison at the helm in 1993.



Postscript.
Of course I forgot some workers. Here are the ones Ive recalled already.
Alma Prest (Guides) and her husband, Gordon (school committee).
Linda Smith (Sonic typing and Guides)
Heather Keenan (Hall booking Officer between Bev Large and myself)
Frank Townsend ( Teenage Coffee nights )
Doug Troon (Teenage Coffee Nights) and Glenys (Brownies).
Colin and Grace Miller (Stalwarts of Neighbourhood Watch for ages.)
Ray Scicluna (Kindergarten committee)
Spouses such as my wife,Val Gibb, and Charlie Cassar etc. who gave much behind the scenes support.

SNIPPETS FROM THE PAST. By Leo Dineen.
(Unfortunately this had to be summarised due to limited space.)

One of the most remarkable community achievements resulted in the building of the Tullamarine Hall. Keilor Council agreed in 1967 to build a hall if the community raised $4000. The Progress Association hall committee, led by Len Garnar, asked each resident for 20c per week which was collected from the meter box every Sunday morning, mainly from the Triangle Estate and the area near Gordon St.

One of the identities of the era was Ben Kelly. Often seen working in his vegetable garden in the early hours of the morning and returning to his home at the Tadstan Dr. corner, in his uniform of blue overalls and army coat, with a wheelbarrow of purchases from the shopping centre, as Progress Association president, Ben demanded punctuality and at 8 p.m. a line would be ruled in the attendance book to indicate that any further signatures were of latecomers. (Much more on Ben in Before The Jetport.)

The early meetings of the Progress Association (formed at a meeting convened by Tom Loft in 1924) were held on the first Monday night of the month MOONLIGHT PERMITTING.

The organiser of the 22-11-1998 reunion was one of the hardest workers for the community but arrived at a council meeting one night appearing as though he had gone five rounds with a crocodile, having been forced off the narrow Fosters Rd. bridge by a speeding car.

Tullamarine in 1960.
A milk bar/ garage (Greens Corner) at the corner of Mickleham and Bulla Road.
Housing only as far west as Gordon St. and Christopher Crescent, with other houses past Tadstan Dr. and on the Triangle Estate.
Unmade streets on the Triangle with stagnant water in poorly drained gutters.
One small Infant Welfare Centre off Carol Grove.
No Broadmeadows Rd. School as the old school (S.S.2613) was in its last year of operation at the Conders Lane corner. (Nth. Corner of Link Rd. and Melrose Dr.)
NO hall, tennis courts,kindergarten,doctor, chemist, sporting teams, youth club or sewerage and only a couple of shops.

Did you know that the architect of the original pavilion building designed the Great Southern Stand at the Melbourne Cricket ground? His name. Darrel Jackson.

by bluestonedreaming on 2012-02-06 04:01:54
That is fascinating and fantastic amount of info! woow thanks!
I googled ben kelly quickly and found a trove piece that mentioned him. He sounds a character form your descriptionindeed! He must have been on t he land opposite me, as i am the east corner of melrose and tadstan(closest to broadmeadows Rd0. Units are popping up everywhere, i am a little sad all the houses are being purchased and demolished. looks like the house next to northedge units (next to 7-11,the old Greens corner i now know) has been sold in readyness for more units.So between my place and ht eocrner, i notice on my walks thta one house remains - obvioulsy quite strong to resisit the real estate harassment i imgine. i have had cold callings even at my unti form Agents tryign to entice to sell! Such is "progress" eh?

How interesting that some things have changed yet others not! there is still so much talk of a railway,now propsed behind my parents house in Churchill Ave, alhtogh many believe it won't eventuate. Reading about a station once asked for at Caterpillar factory is interesting, as my family an dI have often discussed some kind of action group to get a station there. Also there was talk of *if* the train line eventuted behind Churchill and onto th eairport (proposing underground station and tus,perhaps partly under the gorund through those paddocks..which are rapidly being eaten up by fatcories built ont he once designated land of clearance / no buildings by the airport), we would try to rally for a station for Tulla at the veyr least! it would make sense at Caterpillar now what with Westfield being right there and the gowanbrae estate flourishing.

Very sad on people losing life sacings on investments. My parents lost house deposit savings when first married to a man who "sold" thme land in lancefield thne fled with the cash back to ireland ! Grandparents led a life of poverty due to hard earned savings being lost in a similar fashiomn. Very sad those things happen.

i wonder what Walter Murphy would htink of melbourne's second airport finally eventuating at Avalon when he fought so hard for it to be THE Melbourne airport!

Sewerage probelms gosh!!! We have had small sewerage and drainage problems on this block of unit shere at Tadsrtan drvie ove rth elast decade, how curious.

WHat a shame your suggestion of aero names for local streets was not taken on board! however, I do appreciate the names along melrose knowing they come form history and the farms thta wer eonce there named accordingly. I ma curious as to what tadstan Drive is named after? everythign else seems to have a family name or property name as street name, so I am curious to know if you can enlightne me on Tadstan?? have mused if it was part of a reference to Stanhill?
by itellya on 2012-02-06 06:22:25
The house next door to North Edge was Major Murphy's. It should be preserved and I intend to write a letter to the Hume Leader about this.
You could be right in your theory about Tadstan Drive being linked to Stanley Korman. The maps on pages 196 and 197 show land purchased by Korman's companies between 1954 and 1959. The first shows that he bought land right up to Hughie Williamson's "Dunvegan", by then owned by Hill, and confirms that he indeed purchased Strathconnan and Denham's land (now Catherine Ave and Trade Park.) You will notice that Broombank and the 18 acre Junction Estate (to Londrew Court)are not included in either map.
Ray Loft had subdivided Broombank in 1952, most likely along Millar Rd (named after his wife's family) to start with. My reason for believing this is that, at this time, the centre of activity was still to the north with the school at the Conders Lane (Link Rd) corner and the post office on the site of Henderson Rd until, (perhaps late) 1959. Perhaps Korman purchased the Tadstan Drive portion in about 1960 to join onto "Strathconnan".
Incidentally, Strathconnan is shown as having been purchased from Kay but the owner's name was actually Kaye. He was probably a Pole (like Ilko Romaniw and others on the triangular estate)and when he first bought Strathconnan his name was recorded in rate books as Kowarzic. He was the manager of Australian National Airways until Reg Ansett took it over to form Ansett-A.N.A.
by itellya on 2012-02-06 06:30:44
I forgot to mention that there is not even one white pages entry for TADSTAN, residential or business! The only result on google for TADSTAN (apart from street names) is an entry in the Cairns Post which is so blurry that the surname might not even be Tadstan. There are streets in Clayton South and Donvale with the name.
by bluestonedreaming on 2012-02-08 07:02:34
i do hope Majot Murphy's house can be prserved! i do recall seeing a very small red placard asking for objuections to be submitted to the ocuncil ,maybe in december? All the trees along the fence shared with Northedge have been removed. I have laways liked that house,it's roses and concrete fornt fountain.

Interesting Tadstan missing from the white pages. I noticed as I checke dout many of your melway refernce shere on the net, tadstan drive is missign from the initial look at pg 5. Odd.
by itellya on 2012-02-18 03:54:14
I made a mistake about Bridget Madden being Maurice Crotty's daughter. She was his sister. This mistake will be corrected in bold type in the journal when I have time. I will also be adding information about the Maddens in this journal and the one about the Inverness Hotel. The Maddens were related by marriage to the Daniel family of Narbonne.
by jadethan on 2013-07-30 18:53:31
I have a photo of old Tullamarine taken around 1960 or perhaps earlier. It looks like it was taken from the top of the old drive in screen. I can send it to you if you can provide an email address.

My family lived at 76 Broadmeadows Rd from 1953 till the 80's or later. My mother Ruth Kelly was involved with the Tullamarine Progress Association for a long time. There was a thermometer in the window of Garner's newsagency for quite a while showing how much money had been raised to build the community hall.

My father, Frank Kelly, ran a welding shop behind the service station at the corner of Bulla and Mickleham Rd's in the 50's and early 60's. I believe the original service station was the same building that used to be the old pub which, legend has it, was once frequented by Squizzy Taylor.

I can remember picnicing by the creek when the western side of Broadmeadows Rd was largely farmland. There used to be a nice spot where it ran under Sharps Rd and there was a stand of large pine trees providing shade. It's just a dip in the road now.

My eldest sister could provide a lot of information on what Tulla was like back in the 50's and 60's.
by itellya on 2013-07-31 12:13:33
I knew Ruth and her mate, Rhonda Lilley well. They loved badminton and were heavily involved with the Hall Committee.Do you remember the putrid burning tyres in the yard near the shops? Cec and Lily Green ran a garage/shop in the old Junction Hotel and one day had a visit from a retired policeman who showed them a bullet that lodged in a door when the police tried to arrest Squizzy Taylor.

A NINETY ONE YEAR OLD REMEMBERS.
Mom worked briefly at the drive in canteen.. also at Dugans chicken farm... then at TAA in the technical library... her boss was Mr Harvey who also lived in Tulla. She was a teacher at Niddrie High School for many years too. And here is Alena Karazija's story in her own words.

Early days in Tullamarine
Early in the 1950s my father took me to Airport West, as far as the tram would go. We then walked to the bridge over the railway and my father said: "See those big trees over there? That's where I put a deposit for your block.
That block was in the Triangle Estate, part of a new subdivision of farmland, The address was Lot No. 9 , Bulla Rd.
Father also put deposits on several blocks for his friends, because in those days we tended to keep close to friends, like a substitute for our lost homeland. The full price of our block was 100 pounds. My brothers was a corner block, so it cost 120 pounds.
There was no water, no sewerage, no gas and no footpaths, so it was not surprising, that the others sold their blocks very soon.
We desperately wanted to build our home, but had no money. My husband went from Building Society to Building Society trying to join one, but you could only join, when a new one was being formed. Finally he found one, but was told the block had to be fully paid off first, so we borrowed the enormous sum of 100 pounds. With that out of the way, we were allowed to pay the 3 pounds fee to join the Society and that was the deposit for our home!
By the time we started building, there were still no amenities, so a watertank was part of the building contract .If you get water in the meantime, I will put in an electric stove of your choice instead of a watertank, said the builder.
The block at the time belonged to the shire of Keilor, and there we got our building permit. As the frame was being put up, a building inspector came and ordered us to pull it down, because the outer walls were only 8 feet high. The building regulations required all walls to be 9 feet. We had 10 feet middle walls and a sloping ceiling together with the roof , but that did not cut any ice with the inspector. Lucky for us, we found a by-law which permitted one 8 ft. wall, if the room was built into the roof. I went to the Council and argued that our whole house was built into the roof! After several trips and arguments, we were permitted to go on with the building. Some months later I noticed a few more buildings being built into the roof
One day my husband saw workmen digging trenches in the road. They were for the waterpipes for the new airport! And what about the residents?, asked my husband. All the residents will get water as well, was the answer. Hurrah! We shall have our stove!
We had to get to know the area. The first to make contact was our 4 year old son Algutis. In no time there were several boys running around; none spoke English, but all communicated perfectly in German, Dutch, Hungarian and Lithuanian. A Scottish boy introduced them to English.
There were no neighbours next door, but a few doors away was a milkbar (still in the same place!) and further on a greengrocer more like a market stall, than a shop. But at the end of the street , about where the hardware shop stands now) was a real corner shop. One could buy a newspaper and postal stamps, a jumper, fresh meat and groceries. The proprietess, Mrs. Garnar, was an institution : she knew the people, and who was looking for a job and who could offer one. She also knew what interesting activities were held in the neighbourhood and informed the people.
Going the other way towards Sharps Rd., was a house with a plaster stork in the front garden. The children enjoyed going for a walk to look at the stork.
There was a fairly large expanse between our house and the road, and in the mornings we often found cows grazing and looking in through the window. When we built fences, we sometimes saw families sitting outside our front fence having a picnic.
A short while later Don Williams started building a house next door to us, and moved in with his family. That was a lucky day for us, because they turned out to be the best neighbours imaginable.
Behind our block there was nothing no houses far and wide, just large paddocks and a very small creek running in the middle, providing us with flies and mosquitos. However, a perfect place for our older boy Vyt to build and fly model aeroplanes.
In front of our house, just beyond the road, was a little pond. Our boys would go there and catch yabbies. Little field mice used to come into the house, Algutis would catch them and let them run outside.
Once a year there used to be a Gymkhana at Thomas Barn. We did not know the people, but everybody was welcome and no introductions asked for. (Only a few years ago I was introduced to Mrs. Thomas. What a surprise for me! I always thought she was Mrs. Barn).
Once a year on Guy Fawkes day all the residents grabbed whatever spare wood they had and gathered at a big paddock for a bonfire. After the merriment at the bonfire,the very popular local celebrity Major Murphy would come and entertain everybody with his skilled display of fireworks, which we never wanted to end. Ah, Major Murphy! Not only was he a civic minded man, doing a lot for the community, but also not above helping kids with their model aeroplanes or inviting our Vyt to go fox hunting with him.
Every Friday we watched an old man with horse and buggy go past our house to Victoria market We only stopped seeing him when the Tullamarine freeway was built. I heard he was stopped on his way and not allowed to go that way.( Or it may have been just a rumor).
Tullamarine kept changing gradually. In 1972 I came back from a long holiday and could not believe my eyes: our street, from Broadmeadows Rd. to Sycamore Ave., was paved, the sewerage laid on (and we could build an indoor toilet!), footpaths and kerbs made. The changes came about because the shopkeepers complained about the dust in the food shops. There were no shops beyond Sycamore Ave., so the residents were told they had to pay for the paved road, if they wanted one. We were the lucky ones.
Tullamarine has changed even the main street name. Our address changed from Lot 9 , to Bulla Rd., then to Lancefield Rd., then finally after many aviators names were suggested, it became Melrose Dve, without us moving from the spot. A service road was built and a huge pile of rubbish piled between it and the main carriage way. It looked horrible, but very quickly the rubbish was covered with earth and planted with grass, shrubs and flowers. Now we had quite a nice street and did not live on the main road any more.

The garage on Greens corner is still there, but the chicken farm on Mickleham Rd. (opposite Gladston Park) is gone. The old school, of which our younger son was the 547th enrolled pupil in 1957, has been demolished and a new school was built a couple years later in Broadmeadows Rd., on the former paddock behind our house. The trees, planted around the new school by its students, are growing strong. The dairy farm, where we used to buy fresh, unpasturized milk every day, is gone. The drive-in theatre, opposite the Tullamarine shopping centre, (free entertainment for kids sitting outside) was built , used and demolished for housing. Little landmarks, like the Dutch windmill near the railway overpass, has disappeared. And now our family has left Tullamarine as well, but pleasant memories remain.
Im 91 now and life goes on.
A. Karazija

2 comment(s), latest 1 year ago

EDWARD WILSON: THE FISHERMAN'S FRIEND, THE SQUATTER'S FOE. TULLAMARINE AND NEWSPAPER PIONEER.

I am often prompted to write a journal by something I read in an old newspaper on trove. The spur for this journal was an article about fly-fishing on page 15 of the Sunday Herald Sun of 12-2-2012. I quote: 'Trout were introduced into Australia in 1834 by Edward Wilson, editor of the Argus newspaper,"to provide for manly sports, which will lead Australian youth to to seek their recreation on the river's bank and mountainside rather than in the cafe and casino."

Geoffrey Searle and K.B.Keeley would have been delighted with that bit of trivia but would have been quick to point out, as I now do, that Edward did not arrive in Australia until 1841. Keeley would probably have added that the importation would have been in 1854 when Wilson was enjoying the peacefulness of "Arundel" at Tullamarine.When he was retiring as editor of the Argus, he recommended 10 or 12 mile rides to his successor; this would be the distance from the Argus office to "Arundel" via Keilor and Bertram's ford. In his A.N.U. biography of Edward Wilson, Geoffrey Searle mentions that Wilson became a model gentleman farmer at Keilor but does not name the property or explain what model farm meant. He also gives little detail about James Stewart Johnston, Wilson's original partner in The Argus.

I will not give any detail about Wilson's life story because Searle covers it all.My focus is on local history. I will paste some information from K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis on Arundel, circa 1961 and from Tony Cockram, owner of Arundel Farm, circa 1990. Wilson's squatting and newspaper partner James Stewart Johnston established the Craiglee Winery, across Sunbury Rd from the Goonawarra Winery (established by Francis, a fellow politician) and just east of the Jacksons Creek crossing, (Melway 382 H5.) The bluestone building he had erected 1865-8is shown on the Victorian Heritage Database, Heritage overlay number H.O.58.

MODEL FARM. The description "model farm" could mean good fencing and buildings, the use of modern equipment or experimentation such as H.B.Slaney's trials with superphosphate on "The Ranch" at Moorooduc. In the early days, the term was used in conjunction with acclimatisation, a movement started in Victoria by Edward Wilson. I think I can remember one of the McCracken letters referring to the zoo as the Model Farm. No doubt, as pointed out by Keeley, Edward Wilson'a aims on Arundel were those listed on the website called VICTORIAN ACCLIMATISATION SOCIETY.

EXTRACT FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE".
SECTION 1, known in early days as the Glengyle Estate, went west from the most northerly point of Annandale Rd to the river. Its northern boundary is indicated by Localiser Rd (Melway 4 K10) and the southern boundary by a western extension of Sharps Rd, except that the farm originally known as Glengyle (Guthries) and Ellengowen (Bertrams)which became the blocks in Browns Rd were also in section 1.

SECTION 1. (ARUNDEL)
This was granted to Richard Hanmer Bunbury who obtained it by selection and paid 907 pounds, one pound per acre. Bunbury, after whom streets in Gladstone Park and Williamstown are named, became harbour master and chief of water police. Later owners were Colin Campbell (1843), Donald Cameron (1851), Edward Wilson (1853), Robert McDougall (1868) and Robert Taylor (1889). Wilson, Argus editor and a leader of the acclimatisation movement, had a virtual zoo on the model farm as well as importing crops to trial and breeding chinchilla rabbits. He sold Ellengowen (Browns Rd area) and Turners (south of the e-w section of McNabs Rd). McDougall was the expert regarding the Booth strain of shorthorn cattle but had only contempt for the Bates strain of which his western neighbour (in section 23 Doutta Galla), Henry Stevenson was a devotee.
In 1904 Arundel was resumed by the Crown and, in 1910, J.B.McArthur bought lots 21, 22, 3 and 4, a total of 291 acres 3 roods 25 perches. This included 112 ½ acres north of Wallaces Elm Grove as well as the homestead area enclosed by Arundel and McNabs Roads. Owner of Hosies hotel in the city, McArthur was Moonee Valley Racing Clubs first vice president from 1917 and, I believe, succeeded the first chairman, Alister Clark, following the latters death in 1949. He was also involved in the Oaklands Hunt Club which often enjoyed hospitality at Arundel farm. Other longtime Closer Settlement pioneers were Cock, Wallace, McFarlane, Fox, Hassed, Birch and Brown.
Later owners of Arundel Farm were: Arthur Wilson (1925), Frank Smith (1935), W.S.Robinson (1949) and W.W.Cockram (1962.) Robinson unfortunately remodelled the façade of McDougalls graceful 1872 homestead in 1950. (K.B.Keeleys architectural thesis C 1963 and Tony Cockrams notes re ownership.)

The two photos below are from K.B.Keeleys thesis. They show (a) the Arundel homestead in which Edward Wilson lived and (b) the homestead built for McDougall and shown during the ownership of J.B.McArthur, who often hosted Oakland Hunt Club members. See P.100 of The Oaklands Hunt by D.F.Cameron- Kennedy for a better view.
The photos could not be pasted but are in Keeley's thesis, a copy of which I put into the (safekeeping???) of the Hume Library when leaving Tullamarine.

One final point. Mornington's first motorised fire engine was provided by the EDWARD WILSON TRUST.

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 4 months ago