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SECTION 3, PARISH OF TULLAMARINE, was granted to William Vesey Leslie Foster on 27-1-1843. It consisted of 640 acres and had a one mile frontage on the western side of the road leading north to Fawkner St, Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows south of Kenny St) and a one mile frontage to the north side of Sharps Road west of Broadmeadows Rd. The grant extended north to a line indicated by the Londrew Court/ Freight Rd midline, the Derby St/ Melrose Drive corner and Post Office Lane (the northern boundary of Trade Park Industrial Estate.)

William Foster also received the grant for section 21 Doutta Galla directly across Sharps Rd from Section 3 Tullamarine and his younger brother John was granted section 20 between section 21 and the river. As the land in the parish of Doutta Galla is not the focus of this journal, suffice it to say that sections 20 and 21 extended south to the line of Spence St, Keilor Park, the northern part of section 21 became James Sharp's "Hillside" and Maurice Crotty's "Broomfield" and the Delaheys of Keilor were later associated with section 20.

A descendant of E.E.Kenny of Camp Hill informed me that Robert Hoddle surveyed the road to Bulla in 1847. Originally referred to as Mt Macedon road, this cut though the north west corner of section 3 and soon afterwards David William O'Nial established the Lady of the Lake Hotel on the road's north eastern side. O'Nial was described as being at "Springs" as were residents on the road to Keilor!" This was rather confusing so in the 1850's the locality east of Keilor was instead referred to as Springfield. The reason Tullamarine and the area near Keilor had both been called Springs was because 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla were known by that name.

Tullamarine was never a township but closer settlement soon developed near the Lady of the Lake, Broombank and another leased property in the cut-off north eastern corner of section 3, many allotments being sold on J.P. Fawkner's subdivision (south west of the road) and Riddell and Hamilton's Camiston Estate (on the north east side), both north of section 3. ALSO tenants leased farmlets on the northern portion of section 3 now occupied by Catherine Avenue and the Trade Park Industrial Estate.

As I discovered very recently, the rest of section 3 was called "Springvale" by the later 1850's. See:

John, often blamed unjustly for the Eureka Stockade, returned home in 1857, having previously become owner of William's grants. As you will see in the above journal SPRINGVALE was reduced in size during the late 1850's.
In 1867, John decided to sell the THREE CONTIGUOUS CROWN SECTIONS, as a whole or in parts. James Sharp, who'd recently been on Riddell and Hamilton's subdivision bought the north eastern part of 21 Doutta Galla and D.T.Kilburn bought 400 acres on the Sharps Rd frontage of 3 Tullamarine (on the date specified in the other journal.*) He called his farm Fairfield and George Williamson leased it for decades, as shown by Hunt reports.

*Kilburn paid 5 pounds per acre.
Mr Robert Byrne reports the following recent sales of properties, namely :— ...... ; 400 acres,Tullamarine, £2000 ; etc. (P.19, Leader, 14-12-1867.)

James Harrick, whose cottage north of the historic St Augustine's, Keilor is now the Keilor Historical Society's base, was later assessed on the farm but I have no idea if he called it Fairfield. James divided the farm into two equal parts, the eastern 200 acres going east to include the Fisher Grove house blocks.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold by private contract, on behalf of Messrs. James Harrick and Son, 200 acres at Tullamarine, being the eastern portion of part of Crown portion 3, to Mr. George Mansfield;etc.
(P.2, Argus, 5-3-1910.)

The western half became "Brightview" bought by Michael Reddan who'd come from Bulla. The Reddans later farmed James Sharp's Hillside circa 1928 when the Albion-Jacana railway line was being built, and John Grant's "Seafield". The Doyles bought Brightview and renamed it Ristaro. My uncle, Alf Cock Jnr. and one of the Doyle's were both killed in W.W.2, their names thus being inscribed on the Tullamarine memorial Which Major Murphy moved from the Conders Lane corner to the Dalkeith Avenue corner.

This article doesn't tell us which 200 acre farm George Mansfield bought but Gordon Connor* told me in 1989 that George had built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910, so it was the farm from Fisher Grove house blocks to Broadmeadows Rd. Finding what George had called his farm is the reason for this journal.

The Seymour Express has the follow-
ng: - Seymour and the district lose an
estimable and highly respected family in
that of Mr. and Mrs. George Mansfield,
by their removal, in order to be nearer
the metropolis, from the beautiful prop-
erty 'Mayfield' to Tullamarine, near
Essendon. Mr. Mansfield's farm was
recently purchased by Mr. Bjorkstein,
the late owner having secured a 200
acre estate at Tullamarine. The Sey-
mour property was originally owned by
the late Mr. David Mansfield, from
whom it passed to his son George, over
twelve years ago, 'Mayfield' has been
in the family for 23 years. Mr. Mans-
field is not a stranger to his new abode,
Tullamarine, having lived there during
the first three years of his married life.
The desire to educate his family - two
sons and three daughters - induces him
now to return to the old locality, where
he can take advantage of the proximity
of the city to meet his wishes in this
respect. After 12 years of dairying and
cropping here he has sold his herd of
cows, and intends on his new property
to grow hay for the Melbourne markets.
During his tenure here Mr. Mansfield
was considered one of the progressive
class of agriculturalists, ready to go
ahead on new methods, and was succes-
ful as the result. His late home was a
model of completeness and its ready sale
was the outcome of the confidence felt
in Mr. Mansfield. As citizens, Seymour
will miss a man and wife who took a
pride in the place, and who indeed were
loth to leave. They have spent a happy
and prosperous time in the district, and
will carry away nothing but kindliest of
recollections of the period they lived in
The Sugarloaf Creek correspondent
of the same paper, writes:- Mrs. Mans-
field has always been a most prominent
and energetic worker in anything con-
nected with the social life of the district,
and her well-known presence at picnics,
concerts, etc., will be sorely missed. We
wish the family all prosperity in their
new sphere of activity. (P.2, Sunbury News, 2-4-1910.)

*EventBirth Event registration number18326 Registration year1899
Personal information
Family nameCONNOR Given namesGordon SexUnknown Father's nameJos Mother's nameAmelia (Nash) Place of birthESDON

Mr. H. S. K. Ward reports having sold
by private treaty Mr. George Mansfield's
property, situated at Tullamarine, con
taining 200 acres, for the sum of £4200,
the purchasers being the Messrs. Baker.
(The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter Thursday 12 February 1914 p 2 Article)

At One o'clock sharp.
Clearing Sale
H. S. K. WARD, under instructions from Mr. Geo. Mansfield (who has disposed of his property), will SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION on the property, "QUEENLEIGH," Bulla road, 9 miles from Melbourne, on the above date,(etc.)
(P.2, Flemington Spectator, 22-1-1914.)

I knew about the Bakers before I discovered their name for the eastern 200 acres because Gordon Connors told me that one of the Bakers had died in an accident at the farm. BUT I KNEW NOTHING ABOUT THE BROS. BEING SONS OF THOMAS BAKER, ONE OF THE BIGGEST DAIRY FARMERS IN VICTORIA, AFTER WHOM BAKERS RD. IN NORTH COBURG WAS NAMED.

BAKER.—In loving remembrance of our beloved father, Thomas Harrison, who died at Somerset Dairy, Somerton, 13th September, 1910; also our beloved mother, Elizabeth, who died at "Merrilands," Preston, 3rd September, 1889; also our beloved brother, Thomas Harrison, who died at "Preston Park," Tullamarine, 25th February,
1915.(P.1, Argus, 13-9-1916.)


The above journal gives details of later owners of the Bakers' Preston Park who are summarised here.
Thomas Loft named the farm Dalkeith, recalled by Dalkeith Avenue. His son Ray had married Maggie, nee Millar*,and taken over the lease of Broombank (Millar Rd,Tadstan Drive area), finally purchasing it when the O'Nial girls died in the early 1930's. At some stage Tommy subdivided the eastern 40 acres of Dalkeith so the farm then consisted of 160 acres. Eumarella St was named after a place where Tom had previously lived but the spelling is wrong. Gordon St was named after Ray's son. Tom, a staunch Methodist and long-time Sunday School superintendent at Tullamarine had the Junction Hotel(over Bulla Rd from the north east corner of Dalkeith and south of Broombank) closed in 1929; Cec and Lily Green bought the pub (a haunt of Squizzie Taylor) and operated a store with petrol pump at GREEN'S CORNER for decades, once having a visit from a retired policeman who showed them a bullet lodged in a door during a raid on the Junction Hotel to capture Squizzie. Lily's fondest memory was serving petrol to Alister Clark of Glenara at Bulla.
*LOFT—MILLAR.—On the 13th February, 1924, at Maribyrnong road Presbyterian Church,Ascotvale, by the Rev. D. S. McKenzie,assisted by the Rev. W. Goyen, Raymond T. B., son of Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Loft, of Dalkeith, Tullamarine, to Isobel Maggie,youngest daughter of Mrs. and the late Mr. Robert Millar, of Ballater Park, Greenvale.(P.13, Argus,8-3-1924.)

By 1943 Leslie King Dawson was being assessed on the now 160 acre farm and it is almost certain that Percy Hurren replaced him in 1951 when he joined the Tullamarine Progress Association* having previously been postmaster at Jones" Corner, Moorooduc in 1950 and telling David Shepherd of Moorooduc that he'd bought a farm at Tullamarine. (*Formed at a meeting called by Tommy Loft in 1924.)

By 1960 land had been bought for the jetport and houses were built in Theresa St for Americans involved in airport construction. Houses were soon built as far down Dawson St as the walkway (linking this street to Dalkeith Avenue) just east of the Kindergarten site. The Petersens would often wake up to see Percy's cows nibbling the shrubs in their garden. Percy's farm was developed as the Broadwood Park Estate according to Leo Dineen who was responsible for getting the east and south boundaries of the farm constructed at Commonwealth expense and the oval and hall built on part of Dalkeith farm, now officially named the Leo Dineen Reserve.

The Dawsons retained Tommy Loft's name for the 160 acre farm. In 1943, it was definitely Leslie KING Dawson who was assessed on the property. It seems that the Keilor rate collector got it wrong*.

HEWITT-DAWSON.--On May,25th, at Knox Presbyterian Church, Ivanhoe, by Rev. Simpson, Ida Muriel, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Hewitt, Grant Street, Alexandra, to Leslie Donald, only child of Mr. and Mrs. L. D.
Dawson, Dalkeith, Tullamarine. (Alexandra and Yea Standard and Yarck, Gobur, Thornton and Acheron Express, Friday 7 June 1946 p 2 Family Notices)

* The rate collector was right!
HEWITT-DAWSON. - Ida Muriel,second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. V.Hewitt, Grant street, Alexandra, to L.A.C. Leslie Donald, only son of Mr. and Mrs. L. K. Dawson, Dalkeith, Tullamarine.(P.10, Argus, 21-11-1942.)

Tommy Loft's subdivision was a fizzer with only a few blocks occupied by Loft relatives* and Tom himself. Dawson might have bought the 160 acre farm and MANY UNSOLD BLOCKS in 1941 but certainly not 200 acres.Tommy had paid rates on the present Tullamarine Primary School site which contained a corn store and saleyards. The homestead was near the Dawson St corner.
[* LOFT.-On June 1, Thomas B.. beloved husband of Clara, father of Hazel (Mrs.Exell), Doris (Mrs. Scoones), Raymond, and Harold, aged 79 years. (Privately Interred.)P.9, ARGUS, 4-6-1947.

OCTOBER 27.-Auction Sale at Scott's Hotel, Melbourne, of Loft's Dalkeith Freehold Estate of 200 Acres at Tullamarine.(P.7, Argus, 1941.)

Tommy Loft's second given name appeared to be a closely guarded secret. I was hoping to find his place of birth.
Eumarella* St was supposed to be named after the river that flows through Macarthur!
EventDeath Event registration number5305 Registration year1947
Personal information
Family nameLOFT Given namesThomas Benjamin SexMale Father's nameLOFT Henry Mother's nameEmma (Shandeven) Place of birthVICTORIA Place of deathCHELTENHAM Age78

EventBirth Event registration number9600 Registration year1869
Personal information
Family nameLOFT Given namesThomas Benjamin SexUnknown Father's nameHenry Mother's nameEmma (Bradley) Place of birthMACARTHUR

*Eumeralla River
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Course and features
The Eumeralla River rises northeast of Macarthur, and flows generally south, and then west through the town of Macarthur,etc.

The first stage of the Dalkeith Subdivision is shown in the attachment.Gordon St house blocks were obviously added after the birth of Ray's son. Wahroona may have been the now-demolished Californan Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St. The Dalkeith Avenue shown on the plan was nearer the location of the current Dawson St.

LOFT (nee Maggie Millar). - On the 1st February,at Sister Davies Private hospital, Scott street,
Essendon, to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Loft, Wahroonga,Tullamarine - a son ( Gordon Raymond).
(P.13, Argus, 9-2-1929.)


I'D ALWAYS ASSUMED THAT 21 DOUTTA GALLA AND 3 TULLAMARINE WERE KNOWN AS SPRINGS OR THE SPRINGS! Section 20 Doutta Galla, near the river, had been called Leslie Banks during Alphabetical Foster's ownership.

TO LET, for a term of years, the following FARMS:
(portions of the estate of John L. Foster, Esq.), all fenced, and fit for the plough, viz. :
Springvale farm, on the Deep Creek-road, containing about 470 acres, with dwelling house, stables,&c.
Also, The Springs farm, containing about 90 acres**,with houses, &c.
For particulars apply to Mr. Sim*, Springvale ; or to Messrs. Edward Row and Co. (P.8, Argus, 7-12-1858.)

*Alexander Sim was the grantee of section 6, parish of Holden, consisting of 218.9 hectares (541 acres), on 6-9-1850. Its northern boundary was an eastern continuation of the line of Bulla-Diggers Rest Rd from Dickens Corner(Melway 176 D7) to Jacksons Creek at the top of 176 G8, this creek forming the east and south boundary to 175 C10 (bottom right.) By 1858 he had probably sold the property to John Dickens who called section 6 Coldingham Lodge. He had! From my Alexander Sim the Younger, Settler journal:
Having paid one pound 14 shillings per acre for the supposedly 541 acres (1.7 pounds x 541 acres= L919 14s) in 1850, Alexander sold it for more than three times as much less than two years later.

**Maurice Crotty married Miss McCormack and settled in 1860 on the leased north west portion of section 21 Doutta Galla across the north end of today's Keilor Park Drive from the south east portion of Annandale which the McCormacks were leasing. Mrs Crotty wrote a letter in 1867 stating that somebody had bought part of Springs; it was James Sharp who established Hillside. By this time John L.Foster had become John Foster Vesey Fitzgerald for reasons explained at the end of the journal.

"The Springs farm, containing about 90 acres"
Much of section 21 Doutta Galla had been leased to tenants but Alphabetical Foster retained a portion near Melway 15 F6 and the junction of Spring Creek, (which had originated from a spring across today's Mickleham Rd and flowed through Springvale and Hillside)and Steeles Creek, which originated in Annandale. Alphabetical was the Colonial Secretary when Governor Latrobe's illness caused a sudden retirement and Alphabetical became the Acting Governor. The Crotty's told a descendant, Glenn Cotchen about the GOVERNOR'S HOUSE and described roughly where it was. Glen found the site and told me about it.

I was trying to find when Springvale near Dandenong was first referred to by that name when I found there was a property in Deep Creek Road of that name opposite the Lady of the Lake Hotel available for lease.

TO LET, SPRING-VALE FARM, opposite the Lady of the Lake Hotel, on the Deep Creek-road, about 186 acres of good land, fenced, and fit for the plough, together with dwelling and out-houses. Immediate possession. Apply at the farm.(P.8, Argus, 12-3-1859.)

William Foster was granted section 3 Tullamarine and section 21 Doutta Galla immediately north and south, respectively, of the mile (8000 links) of Sharps Rd west of Broadmeadows Rd. It was this shared frontage that alerted me to the fact that in Melway map 3 onward, one millimetre represents a chain and enabled me to transpose the boundaries of properties onto Melway maps! William returned home to claim an inheritance and his younger brother, John, grantee of section 20 Doutta Galla, gained ownership of William's grants.

Section 3 Tullamarine and sections 21 and 20 are shown on parish maps with information about the Fosters
provided by Margaret, a descendant of Edward Winter who leased land on 3 Tullamarine from the Fosters.

Section 3 Tullamarine was north of Sharps Rd from Broadmeadows Rd to its western end where it adjoined section 2, Annandale. The eastern boundary, where it adjoined Camp Hill continued past Tullamarine junction into today's Mickleham Rd to the Londrew Court/Freight Rd midline and the northern boundary passing through the Melrose Drive/Derby St corner and along Post Office Lane, the northern boundary of TRADE PARK INDUSTRIAL ESTATE to the north west corner of section 3 in the middle of Melway 5 B10.

It consisted of 640 acres but the portion on the north east side of today's Melrose Drive consisted (by Measurement on Melway) of about 53 acres, occupied by the Lady of the Lake on about 5 acres, Broombank of about 27 acres and later the Junction Estate fronting today's Mickleham Rd as far north as, and including Londrew Court. Deducting the 53 acres would reduce Springvale to 583 acres but the land between the Janus St/Catherine Avenue midline and Post Office Lane was probably leased as small farmlets to such as Edward Winter and James Trimmer (who ran the awful school at "Springs" in 1850-mentioned on page 27 of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and by Isaac Batey who married Edward Winter's daughter.)

The part of section 3 occupied by Catherine Avenue and Trade Park Industrial Estate was sold by an agent for John Foster to Charles Nash (109 acres plus about 15 acres), J.F.Blanche (about 15 acres), George Mounsey (about 7 acres), Thomas Purvis (about 15 acres), John Wright (about 15 acres) and Ann Parr (15 acres.)

These farmlets totalled about 190 acres (possibly the 186 acre Springvale farm of 1859) and with the 400 acres discussed below and the estimated 53 acres across Deep Creek or Bulla Rd we get somewhere near the right total of 640 acres for section 3.

Not too long afterwards (25-9-1867) the Kilburns bought the 400 acre portion of section 3 south of a line indicated by the Catherine Ave/ Janus St midline and called it Fairfield, George Williamson leasing it for many years. Here's a brief history of the 400 acres from my WHERE WAS PRESTON PARK IN TULLAMARINE journal.

This was part of the Fosters' Leslie Park for which William and John gained a 10 year Crown lease in 1840. The southern 400 acre portion was sold to D.T.Kilburn on 25-9-1867. The Kilburns called it "Fairfield". I believe that (since there was only one 400 acre farm in Tullamarine) David Milburn of Grange Farm, Victoria's first irrigator, was leasing it in 1868. James Harrick was leasing it in 1893 and 1900. By 1913 it had become two farms of 200 acres, Reddan's Brightview and Ernie Baker's farm. By 1930, Brightview had become J.P.Doyle's Ristaro.
Tom Loft was in Tullamarine by 1924 when he convened the meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed. He called Baker"s old farm "Dalkeith" and, as stated before, subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage. Keilor rates reveal that Leslie King Dawson owned the farm by 1943 and Percy Hurren by 1956.(Postscript. Percy,the storekeeper/postmaster at Jones' Corner at Moorooduc in 1950,attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951 so he was probably already on the former PRESTON PARK.)

As section 21 Doutta Galla and 3 Tullamarine both consisted of 640 acres, , 110 acres of the former had been sold and 62 acres of the latter by September 1867.John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster had rearranged his names to become John Foster Vesey Fitzgerald (previous to his departure for Europe)so he could secure a Fitzgerald inheritance.


Sometimes I spend hours, even days, compiling information about pioneers but unless it has been published as, rather than in, a F.T.C. JOURNAL, the information can be difficult to relocate. The son's history of the Mornington Peninsula is as rare as hen's teeth and is NOT FOR LOAN from the Mornington Peninsula Library, being sensibly archived. Yesterday, I spent hours in the Local History Room (which to me is like a jail)when I should have been at the beach, researching rate records in relation to James Cosmo Newbery and Dr. Charles Weld.When I finished,and switched off the microfiche machine, I could hardly walk.

I am often asked to recommend books with information about a particular Mornington Peninsula pioneer such as Blooming Bob White. Usually there aren't any, the only way to access the information being to type the pioneer's name and itellya in the search bar. Then that person, such as toolaroo, in this case, can communicate with me via FTC private messages, later email, being provided with rates information and so on,FROM THE COMFORT OF HOME until a family history can be written, in this case, Stephen Lynch's PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA.

As toolaroo lives in New South Wales, it would be a bit much to have to travel to the local history room at Rosebud to read Hunter's history and probably just as expensive to buy a rare copy of the book. Therefore, I wrote an email to the M.P.S. LIBRARY requesting a special loan of the book so I could write a review (as I had for Susan Peatey's rare book) detailing information about pioneers that was not available from countless other sources.

I supplied information about the Rogers family which I will copy below. The reply was an invitation to spend up to the required two weeks in what is to me, a jail.

Lynne Luscombe. The illustrator of the sketches you posted was the son of the Dromana State School headteacher mentioned by Margaret Storey. His parents were married during his father's tenure at the school and the newlyweds' arrival at Dromana provoked a chuckle or two.

ROGERS-STIRLING.-A pretty house wedding was
solemnised at Winchelsea on Easter Monday, when
Miss Minnie Stirling, eldest daughter of the late
Mr. W. Stirling, was united to Mr. George Hunter
Rogers, son of Mr. James Rogers, of Bendigo, and
schoolmaster at Dromana. The wedding, which was
celebrated by the Rev. Colin Robertson took place
at the residence of the bride's mother, Winchelsea*.
It was very quiet, only relatives and most intimate
friends being present. The bride was married in
her travelling dress of brown cloth, which was
trimmed with velvet. She wore the orthodox tulle
veil and coronet of orange blossom, and carried a
lovely shower bouquet. There were four brides
maids in attendance, the Misses D. and F. Stirling,
who were gowned in blue cloth with relief of white
cloth and gold braid, and the Misses Daisy Stirling
and Elva Rogers, whose blue serge costumes were
trimmed with blue velvet. They all cariied shower
posies with ribbon streamers. The two elder
bridesmaids wore gold amethyst bangles, souvenirs
from the bridegroom, the younger bridesmaids' gifts
taking the form of crescent brooches set with
amethysts. At the conclusion of the ceremony a
light dejeuner was served. Later in the afternoon
the bride and bridegroom departed for Melbourne,
where a short honeymoon was spent at the Grand
Hotel. The travelling costume was completed by a
smart little toque of brown velvet with a touch of

They arrived at Dromana on one of the roughest
days of the season, so that passengers had
some difficulty in landing from the steamer, but as
soon as the large number of people who had
gathered on the pier to witness their arrival caught
sight of Mr. Rogers, he was literally showered with
rice. Nature, not to be out-done, added her quota
to the proceedings, and he was immediately drenched
by an extra big wave. The rice adhered to the wet
hat and garments, and caused much amusement.
The bride escaped most of this reception, as she, of
course, was not at once identified. The passengers
on board, as well as the folk on the pier, thoroughly
enjoyed the incident. (P.12, Table Talk, 3-5-1895.)

*The birth of a son (possibly the illustrator/ historian) at a hospital in Geelong, indicates that Minnie spent her confinement at her parents' residence.

Minnie's husband was involved in the leadership of many community organisations* as well as making the school's garden one of the best in the state. Minnie was a keen writer.**

At a meeting of residents held in
the Dromana Hall on Monday night it
was unanimously agreed to tender Mr.
G. H. Rogers a farewell social on
Wednesday night, the 16th. inst, prior
to his departure for McArthur, and to
make both Mr. and Mrs. Rogers the
recipients of some souvenier as a mark
of esteem. During the twelve years
Mr. Rogers has had charge of the local
State school, he has identified
himself with many progressive move-
ments for the advancement of Dromana
and district, and has filled both
creditably and satisfactorily the
positions of secretary of the Kanger-
ong Agricultural and Horticultural
Society and of the Dromana
Mfechanics' Institute and Free Library.
Mr. and Mrs. Rogers have always
cheerfully and willingly assisted at
numerous entertainments in aid of
various charitable movements through-
out the Peninsula. A strong com-
mittee has been formed to carry out
all necessary arrangements, and lists
are to be circulated in the district for
the convenience of all who are disposed
to contribute
.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 12-1-1907.)

** Minnie's THE JUMBOREE TALES, published in Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney) in the early 1900's, are like the children's tales written by Mrs Evelyn Gough (nee Rigg) of Rosebud, in that they are based on family members and their peninsula localities. Minnie's story about the golfers mentions one golfer still dressing as a footballer, a reference to her husband, and might have been inspired by a game on Dromana's original golf course (shown on Melbourne Brindle's map.) It would not surprise me if both Evelyn and Minnie's stories, like many of Roald Dahl's, originated as bedtime stories for their own offspring.

This sample involves the former ti tree swamp below the present Dromana Bowls Club. Ned Williams was said to have cut a road around Anthonys Nose (the rocks) in the mid 1880's and the spring's output now fed into a horse trough. No doubt it overflowed at times, causing a pool by the road.

"Beside the road leading to the Rocks is a long,
shallow pool, prettily fringed with soft green
grass, where llve hundreds and hundreds of
They are very clever fellows, and sing part
songs and choruses all night long.
Coming home one night along tho road, Hun-
ter's father aud mother stopped to listen, and
enjoyed the music very much. Next morning
they told Hunter and his brother Stirling all
about it, and the little boys were delighted when
an invitation came for them "and their friends"
to be present that night at an entertainment
given by tho Frogs.
(Princess Spinaway's Department. The Jumboree Tales. III.—THE FROG'S FROLIC.
Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907) Wednesday 23 September 1903 p 38 Article)

This was written by Minnie's son Hunter, (who, with his brother Stirling, was a character in many of Minnie's stories.)

At the time he wrote this history, there was no internet and research would have involved perusing old copies of the Peninsula Post and interviewing descendant of pioneers. Another source may have been the multitude of articles published in 1934 to provoke interest in the centenary of Victoria's permanent settlement.

His illustrated map of the Mornington Peninsula shows the extent of his research such as in the detail of the King run in the parish of Tyabb but also misunderstanding of oral history, such as Polly Wells (Mrs David Kelly) being born in 1803; she was actually born on the site of the present Koonya Hotel at Sorrento in 1841* when Henry Cadby Wells and Robert Rowley were burning lime together, Polly having travelled from Melbourne in her mother's womb. The map also implies that Henry Tuck took up the Mantons Creek Run in 1843, at which time he was building the Arthurs Seat Homestead, his son, Henry Jnr. (the poet) being born there.

Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 8 February 1919 p 1 Article
It is believed that after a short stay in Frankston, Henry and Hannah made their way down to Sorrento, they known as Point Nepean. They were blessed with another daughter, Mary Louise Wells, also nick-named 'Polly', born 7-6-1841 at Sorrento and Baptised in the Church of England, Parish of St. James on the 10-10-1841. Polly was the eldest of 13 children, having 12 brothers ! ! Polly is believed to have been the first white baby born to permanent settlers of the Mornington Peninsula.

Unfortunately, these misunderstandings and other errors are likely to become accepted history, having been quoted in later histories.Two others that spring to mind from the map are the steel lighthouse at McCrae dating from 1874 (the year it was fabricated) and the wooden lighthouse it replaced being itself replaced as the Arthurs Seat Lookout in 1920 (actually 1934.)

I feel a duty to examine the map and book to point out any further errors but the CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS AT DROMANA must remain my chief priority. If I do find time, this will be done on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA page.

Hunter Rogers - AustLit
Hunter Rogers i(3 works by) (a.k.a. George Hunter Rogers; H. Rogers; see more)
Also writes as: Bunty
Born: 16 Jan 1896 Dromana, Victoria ; Died: 1985 Mornington, Victoria
Gender: Male

Works By (3)
Works About Author (1)
This Author in Trove
George Hunter Rogers enlisted in 1915 and was a Private in the 6th Field Ambulance where he served as a stretcher bearer at Gallipoli. He also became a draughtsman to the Chief Engineer, 2nd Anzac Corps. He was repatriated to Australia on 1 April 1919. In civilian life Rogers worked as an engineer with the Public Works Department, Victoria. Rogers also wrote The Early History of the Mornington Peninsula (1960) and a History of the 'Woodlands' Golf Club [1984?]

Illustrated map of Mornington Peninsula with historical an… | Flickr[email protected]/8742906186

VICTORIAN BDM was offline for scheduled maintenance when the above was written.
EventMarriage Event registration number2892 Registration year1895
Personal information
Family nameROGERS Given namesGeo Hunter SexMale Spouse's family nameSTIRLING Spouse's given namesIsabella Wina

ROGERS—STIRLING.—On the 15th inst., at Winchelsea,
by the Rev. C. Robertson, George Hunter, second
son of Jas. Rogers, Bendigo, to Minnie, eldest
daughter of the late Wm. Stirling, Winchelsea.
(P.1, Argus, 27-4-1895.)



I first saw mention of Cosmo some years ago in relation to a fire at Dromana and had no idea who he was or where his property was until a day or so ago, courtesy of the latest Mornington Peninsula Shire Heritage report (volume 2) and the Australian Dictionary of Biography.However his strange name COSMO had been implanted forever in my memory. His biography states that he was born in Livorno, Italy and the unusual nature of this town must have been recognised by his parents when his name was chosen. Pardon the TripAdvisor spelling!

Livorno: Livorno - TripAdvisor
Historically speaking, Livorno it is said to be a cosmopolitan and free town, thanks to the LIvornine laws which gave shelter to people from all over the world if persecuted by ethnical, political or religiuos issues. Many cult places still remind us of the old days: The Sinagogue, The Greeek Church, The English cementery, the ...

POSTSCRIPT. My subconscious tries to help me solve mysteries by producing oh so credible LOCAL HISTORY DREAMS.They're no action dramas, just little old me reading trove and discovering something sensational. Last night's one, like all the rest, was complete rubbish of course. (Cosmo's name was connected with Livorno, not because of its cosmopolitan nature but because of his grandfather, Cosmo Newbery, a cosmologist -astrologist-in the Pitt Government who had also been living in Livorno at the time of James Cosmo Newbery's birth.)

Such historical fiction seems so credible that it has to be checked as soon as I awake. AND IT DOES LEAD TO DISCOVERIES. I think this town was mentioned in passing in Cosmo's biography.

Cosmo Newbery (Yilka)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmo Newbery
Western Australia
Cosmo Newbery is located in Western Australia
Population 74 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1920
Postcode(s) 6440
Elevation 507 m (1,663 ft)
1,036 km (644 mi) East of Perth
85 km (53 mi) North East of Laverton
LGA(s) Shire of Laverton
State electorate(s) Kalgoorlie
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Cosmo Newbery (also spelt Cosmo Newberry, also known as Yilka) is a small Aboriginal community in Western Australia located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) east of Perth between Laverton and Warburton in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia. In the 2011 census, Cosmo Newbery had a total population of 74, including 64 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.[2]

The town is named after James Cosmo Newbery[3] who was an industrial chemist noted for his work on improving the chlorination method of gold extraction.[4]


THE CORRECT SPELLING OF THE SURNAME IS NEWBERY but as the digitisation shows (the first word not having been corrected) failure to use both versions will probably severely limit the amount of information found.

NEWBERRY.-On the 1st inst., at his residence, Hotham-street, St. Kilda, suddenly, James Cosmo Newbery,C.M.G., aged 52 years.(P. 46, The Australasian, 11-5-1895.)

Cosmo's surname was written as Newberry in his death record* and Newbery in the records of his marriage to Catherine FlorenceMaud Hodgkinson in 1870 and the birth of their son, James Wilfred Travers Newbery in 1875**. (To confuse matters even more, the surname was written as Newbury and then Newberry in the Flinders and Kangerong Shire rate books.)

* EventDeath Event registration number7324 Registration year1895
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERRY Given namesJas Cosmo SexMale Father's nameWm Boyer Mother's nameIsabel (Fraser) Place of birth Place of deathSk Age52
(The second given name of Como's father was given as Boxer, not Boyer, in Cosmo's biography!)

**EventMarriage Event registration number3611 Registration year1870
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesJames Cosmo SexUnknown Spouse's family nameHODGKINSON Spouse's given namesCatherine Florence Maud

EventBirth Event registration number12691 Registration year1875
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesJas Wilfrid Travers SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmo Mother's nameKath Florence Maud (Hodgkinson) Place of birthSTKI

SPECULATION. Cosmo's wife may have been related to surveyor Hodgkinson after whom a street in Dromana Township was named. The son, Wilfred, a hero in W.W.1 who suffered gas poisoning in 1918 (because of something he ate!*)may have acquired his third given name because of a family connection with an ancestor of Sir Thomas Travers, eye doctor, who bought the historic "Seawinds" on Arthurs Seat in 1946 or even Benjamin Travers who pioneered opthalmology in England.

*Mrs Cosmo Newberry, of Waverley road, East Malvern, has been advised that her son Captain Wilfred Newberry, D.S.O., M.C., has been seriously gas-poisoned by the strange mischance of having eaten food that had been exposed through the night. Captain Newberry was a son of the late Mr. Cosmo Newberry, C.M.G. -Government analyst.(P.45, The Australasian, 24-8-1918.)
N.B. No record for Wilfred was found in the A.I.F. PROJECT. He died in 1942.

I gave up trying to find the central riding assessments in 1918-19 after half an hour. Once countless subdivisions started the old order of east, central and west ridings disappeared so an index would have been handy. Cosmo's wife, Florence, was assessed after his death and leased the 20 acres to Dr Charles Weld for several years before selling this block to him.

P.55. Additional information for Place History of 51 Devon Rd.
RE: 51 Devon Street was originally part of Crown Allotment 4, Section 3 in the Parish of Kangerong. In 1894, James C Newberry Esquire purchased land south of Boundary Road (totalling almost 20 acres). Upon his death, the land was sold to Elizabeth A. T. Weld of Dromana, in March 1919 (LV:V2531/F034). In 1920, Charles Weld was rated for 73 acres 'and buildings' located in part of Section 3 (Parish of Kangerong), Dromana, with a Net Annual Value (approx. 10% of the total value) of 25 pounds. It is not known where these buildings were located in relation to 51 Devon Street. Charles and Elizabeth were also rated for land in other parts of Dromana at this date (RB).
Dr Weld’s house is shown on Ewart Brindle’s pre 1918 map of Dromana at the north west corner of c/a 4 section 3 (the east corner of Bryan’s Cutting, now called Hillview Quarry Rd) and Boundary Rd at about the west end of Devon Rd.
As the only James Cosmo Newberry (for whom there is a death record) died in 1895, the sentence "Upon his death, the land was sold to Elizabeth A. T. Weld of Dromana, in March 1919 (LV:V2531/F034)." doesn't make sense.
J.C.Newberry (or Newbery!) adds to the significance of the Devon Rd area due to his contribution to Victoria in the geological survey and the museum.

DROMANA, WYN YEUK, ideal grounds, beautiful view, near sea, terms, moderate, Mrs. Weld.
(P.12, Argus, 4-12-1907, column 3 to right of MATRIMONY.)

By 1-2-1908, Dr Weld was practising medicine, setting 14 year old John Dyson's wrist.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 1-2-1908.) THE QUESTION IS:WHERE?
RATE RECORDS. Assessment numbers in brackets.
1899-1900.(377) Newbury, Executors J.C. Trustees and Exors Co., 20 acres and bds., Dromana.
DITTO ---(381) Newbury, Florence A.J.Panton, 14 acres, lot 19 Flinders. (Meaningless tripe!)

1909-10.(515) Mrs Florence Newberry Trustees Ex. Co.,20 acres and scribble (buildings?) 2 of 2 5,6,7, N.A.V. 30 POUNDS. (Meaningless tripe!)SEE 1910-11.

From 2010 transcription of 1910-11 rates.No assessment numbers recorded.
Dr. Weld (estate Mrs H?.Newbury), 20 ac. & bds., 2 of 2, part 4, section 3.(As shown on Ewart Brindle's map.)

1910-11. (569)Mrs Florence Newbury Trustees Execors Co. crossed out.

1913-14. (889) Charles Weld 2 ac, c/a 2 section C.
DITTO- (890) Charles Weld oner- trustees etc Newberry Estate, 20 ac. & bds, part c/a 4 section 3, Kangerong.
DITTO- (891) Elizabeth A.T.Weld, 53 ac. part c/a 4, section 3.

EventDeath Event registration number5578 Registration year1933
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesCatherine Florence SexFemale Father's nameHODGKINSON George Mother's nameSarah Ellen (Rudd) Place of birth Place of deathBEAUMARIS Age86

NEWBERY.—On the 18th July 1933 at The Grange, Beach road, Beaumaris, Catherine Florence Maud widow of the late James Cosmo Newbery CMG, (private funeral.)P.1, ARGUS, 20-7-1933.

EventBirth Event registration number5982 Registration year1873
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERRY Given namesElizabeth Maud SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmo Mother's nameCatherine Florence (Hodgkinson) Place of birthST KILDA

EventBirth Event registration number12444 Registration year1874
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERRY Given namesKatherine Florence SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmos Mother's nameKatherine Florence (Hodgkinson) Place of birthST KILDA

EventBirth Event registration number12691 Registration year1875
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesJas Wilfrid Travers SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmo Mother's nameKath Florence Maud (Hodgkinson) Place of birthSTKI

EventBirth Event registration number19420 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesBertha Jessie SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmo Mother's nameKathleen Florence Maud (Hodgkinson) Place of birthST KI

EventBirth Event registration number12713 Registration year1881
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesEveline SexUnknown Father's nameJames Cosmo Mother's nameCatherine Florence Maud (Hodgkinson) Place of birthSTKI

EventBirth Event registration number6503 Registration year1886
Personal information
Family nameNEWBERY Given namesElvia Constance SexUnknown Father's nameCosmo Mother's nameFlorence (Hodgkinson) Place of birthSTKI

That was probably Cosmo's last chance of siring a second son.As his biography states:
Unhappily he suffered spinal and chest injuries in the Windsor railway collision of 11 May 1887; although never fully recovered, he still carried out much important work. He died at his home in Hotham Street, East St Kilda, on 1 May 1895.

There hadn't been much about "Newberry, Dromana" so I used the correct spelling. I intend to present the articles chronologically but this one comes first because it was years ago that I saw it and thought, "What a strange name. To the uninitiated it gives no clue to the location of the late Cosmo's property but you, reader, have seen the passage from the heritage study and my comment about Ewart Brindle's map.

A fierce fire is burning within a mile of
Dromana, menacing the property of the late
Mr Cosmo Newbery. Should this cross the
road the destruction of some fine properties**
cannot be averted.
Another fire is threatening
Mr Burrell's place, opposite the lighthouse. Mr
Shand; saw miller, of Balnarring, has lost 23
bullocks by the fire, their roasted carcases being
huddled together in a burnt paddock. It is
also stated that Mr D. Mails*, J.P., has lost
1000 sheep, they having fallen victims to the
flames. Such a fire has not occurred there for
over 20 years. (P.2, Mt. Alexander Mail, 2-2-1898.)


** SOME FINE PROPERTIES. Between Newbery's 20 acres (just east of Bryan's cutting road, today's Hillcrest Quarry Rd) and Gracefield was the wedged shaped town common, later a gravel reserve, with a narrow frontage to Boundary Rd and a wider frontage to today's Pindara Rd east of Seawind Lane. I don't believe the valuable properties were across Bryan's cutting because there would only have been James McKeown's Gracefield west to Caldwell Rd.

The road would have been Boundary Road, the boundary between sections 1 and 3, Kangerong.Bounded by Boundary, Jetty and Palmerston Rds was Charles Barnett's grant, c/a 13 section 1, Kangerong. This almost 37 acre property was subdivided quite early and you'll never guess what the name of the estate was-or perhaps you will!

A public meeting to advocate the
inclusion in the Railway Bill of the
surveyed line from Mornington to
Point Nepean, via Dromana, Rosebud,
Rye and Sorrento, was held in the
Mechanics' Institute on Tuesday
evening last. There was a large
attendance and Mr H. W. Wilson
occupied the chair.
The following resolutions were
carried unanimously:-(1) That the
meeting appoint a deputation to wait
upon the Minister of Railways to ask
for the inclusion in the Railway Bill
of the surveyed line from Mornington
to Point Nepean, via Dromana, Rose
bud, Rye and Sorrento.
(2) That Messrs Rudduck, Boag,
Gibson, and Wilson be appointed as a
deputation and that they use every
possible effort to obtain the insertion
of the line in the Bill.
(3) In the event of the Minister
being unable to receive the deputation
that the Member for the district be
requested to move in the House, that
this line be inserted, and that the
co-operation of every member be
obtained. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 5-7-1890.)

The railway never eventuated but the name for the subdivision of Barnett's grant was, of course, the RAILWAY ESTATE. Description of properties was so inadequate in 1900 that Mrs M.A.Dyson's 26 acres, Kangerong could have been anywhere. In 1910 this same person was described as a boarding house keeper, as was Mrs M.E.Dyson, the former being assessed on 15 acres and buildings and the latter on land, Railway Estate.

Lack of information in rate records and concerning years from Colin McLear in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re construction of houses make it difficult to determine if the houses on Melbourne Brindle's pre 1918 map of Dromana were built by 1898 when the fire caused such devastation. As he was born in 1904, his memories probably date from 1910 onwards.

Bob Dyson's house on the future Panoramic Estate, fronted the east side of Jetty Rd (known as Pier St in early days)a block or two from Boundary Rd. Also on the east side were Clydesdales' house south of Palmerston Avenue, Harry Kop (Copp), and Dyson's Boarding House (Marna, said to be on the Pier/Charles St corner by Colin McLear,obviously near Marna St, and to have been built circa 1890 by the current CONTEXT citation.) Farther east was Boag's and Wainwright's "Melrose" on the south side of Palmerston Avenue close to the location of the Kangerong Avenue bridge over the Freeway and Fig St. If the fire had crossed north west into the Railway Estate the properties in danger may have been those of George Dyson, west corner of Boundary and Jetty Rds, then heading west, Miss Talbot, John Dyson and Wades.Jonah Griffith's property was near the middle of the triangle and the "Parsonage" and Wens The Manse were on the south side of Palmerston Rd heading towards Boundary Rd.

Practical.—Those who are anxious to try their luck at fossicking and digging, but are lacking the necessary knowledge, will (says the Argus), be interested to know that Mr. Cosmo Newbery is having made roughly, as a digger would make them, a sluice-box and a cradle. They will be finished in a day or two, when they will be on view at the side of the Public Library, Swanston-street, or at his office opposite the entrance gates. It is not generally known that the technological department of the library contains specimens of most of the kinds of gold-bearing quartz, wash-dirt, and precious stones, etc., found in Victoria, as well as models of gold-saving appliances, from the early single stamper to a miniature battery.These are to be found in a room on the right
hand of the new picture gallery.(P. 2, Bendigo Advertiser, 9-3-1894.)
N.B.The desire to try fossicking was prompted by the 1890's depression and massive unemployment, as were the Village settlements such as at RED HILL near Dromana. Benjamin Franklin Eaton, brother of the late Watson Eaton (Dromana's amateur but much loved doctor) had come to Dromana from Creswick and it's a good bet that he met up with Cosmo at TUBBARUBBA where there had been a rush about three decades earlier.

Mr. Cosmo Newbery called upon the Secretary for Mines yesterday, and stated that during a recent visit to Dromana he learned that heavy alluvial wash had been struck by some prospectors working in a creek near Arthur's
Seat. He inspected the ground, and saw that the wash contained gold. Mr. Newbery says it appears to be the continuation of an old lead, and not a mere creek wash. The Government geologist has been instructed to visit the locality and report on the discovery.(P.5, The Age, 16-5-1894.)

I wonder from where Cosmo had been removed to his St. Kilda home. Any chance it might have been Dromana and Cosmo had been over-exerting himself near a creek?
The many friends of Mr J Cosmo Newbery will regret to hear of his serious illness.On December 14 Mr Newbery was suddenly seized with a severe attack of hemorrhage, and was removed to his residence in Hotham street, St. Kilda, where the services of Mr O'Hara were immediately called into requisition. Mr O'Hara was the surgeon who attended Mr Newbery after the lamentable Windsor accident when the unfortunate gentleman sustained a fracture of the spine. Such cases are practically given up as incurable, but under medical treatment Mr Newbery recovered, although it is to be feared that the effects of the accident always affected his health. It seriously compromised his present chances of recovery. We are, however, glad to state that yesterday a very marked improvement in his condition was reported, and Mr O'Hara has every hope of his complete recovery.
(P.7, Argus, 22-12-1894.)

Briquettes, Hmmm!



The widow of the late Mr. J. Cosmo Newbery petitioned the Legislative Assembly on Wednesday on behalf of herself and children on the grounds that Mr. Newbery sacrificed his private interests in the zealous performance of his
public duties, that his death was primarily due to the Windsor railway accident, and that a promise made by the Gillies Government to supplement the compensation he received for his injuries in the railway accident by
giving him the status of a civil servant was never fulfilled.(P.24, Leader, 9-11-1895.)

Amongst the numerous floral tributes sent to Mr Cosmo Newbery's funeral was one which bore the following inscription:- "From the boys of Queen's College, St. Kilda, with sincere regret and much sympathy." Mr Newbery hadacted for some years as one of the judges at the annual athletic sports meetings of Queen's, and his only son (who is now on an exploring expedition in the centre of Australia) was educated at the school.
(P.2, Weekly Times, 11-5-1895.)


On Thursday evening, 18th June, a capital entertainment was given in the Mechanics' Institute under the auspices of the members of the Hope of Dromana, Juvenile Tent, I.O.R., who received ready and efficient help from
Mrs. and the Misses Newbery and Miss Hodgkinson, who got up several tableau;
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-6-1896.)

For the 13.2 pony, to be ridden by children, 13 competitors paraded the ring, which was really worthy of a higher prize. Master Ben Wilson secured First and Miss Elvia Newberry second.
(P.3, MORNINGTON STANDARD, 24-3-1898.)

THE FIRE as detailed before the chronology.



Some historians tend to be a bit pompous in their writing but this young girl's story was a delight to read.

It was found by chance in a Newberry search on trove and I hope that you enjoy it as much as I did.

Wikipedia is very good at pinpointing the locations of old Victorian place names.
Geelong West, Victoria - Wikipedia,_Victoria
Ashby was once a suburb of Geelong located in the area of Geelong West, west of Latrobe Terrace, between Aberdeen Street and Church Street. By 1850 this area had become known as Little Scotland, and Kildare. At this point, Ashby referred to the area between Autumn Street and Waratah Street. In 1875, the entire ...


I found the answer quick smart. If Edith was still at State School she was most likely in Grade 8, the last grade,and an absolute certainty to gain her merit certificate. She would be about fourteen years old but to be on the safe side, I searched for her birth record between 1913 and 1915.

EventBirth Event registration number22384 Registration year1914
Personal information
Family nameTAINTON Given namesEdith Marianne SexUnknown Father's nameChas Albt Mother's nameUna Blanche (Thurrowgood) Place of birthGEELONG

Little Athletics rewards every child for having a go and is mirrored today by almost automatic promotion from grade to grade at Primary Schools, on the basis that social and intellectual development is more likely if the child is with age peers. In the old days children had to earn their promotion from grade to grade with the result that there seem to be giants in old class photos. The greatest aim of most pupils was to gain the Merit Certificate before leaving school at 14 to work in a reasonably interesting job guaranteed by it. Those who missed out, still in grade 6 when they turned 14, became factory fodder. However some sympathy was shown in some decisions about awarding the certificate, and by the greatest coincidence this example features another Ashby State School pupil.

Another pupil of the Ashby State School, Fred Cowling, in addition to the nine who received their certificates on Monday last, has been successful in obtaining his card: - The youth, who is about to leave school had missed the certificate by half a- mark, but on fresh perusal of the examination papers these showed general proficiency; and when the attention of the inspector (Mr. A. B. Rowe) was drawn to the fact he immediately recognised the justice of the claim, and made the award. (P.3, Geelong Advertiser, 22-9-1911.)

By about 1911, several High Schools started as Higher Elementary Schools so that those who had gained their Merit could continue their education and thus the first intake was in form 3. Later grades 7 and 8 in State Schools were replaced by forms 1 and 2 in schools central to regions and thus called Central Schools.

Successful students at Ashby State School such as Enid might have gone to a private school but Enid had another option.
Our History

In the early 1900's schooling was compulsory for children 6 - 14 years at State Primary Schools. For those who couldn't afford private education, there was nowhere they could continue their education until they were 17 and could attend the Gordon Technical College. In 1909 community concern grew for this gap to be filled and this saw the establishment of a Continuation School to provide an academic education for trainee teachers and a general education for those wishing to go on to the Gordon.

On February 8 1910, 79 students together with eight teachers and an Acting Headmaster, began classes in a couple of disused rooms at the Gordon. John William Gray was appointed Headmaster in April with an annual salary of £345 ($690.00). Twelve months later, enrolments has increased to 150 and 12 rooms were being used at the Gordon. The school was renamed the Geelong High School and so became Geelong's first State Secondary School.

Edith was only about seven years old when her mother died.
TAINTON. - On the 24th February, 1921, at private hospital, Geelong, Una Blanche,the dearly loved wife of Charles Albert Tainton, of 35 Clarence Street, Geelong West, and devoted mother of Stanley, Una and Edie, and loved sister of Minnie(Mrs. Nicholls), of Leopold, and Nellie(Mrs Cuddy) W.A. Aged 40 years.
(P.1, Geelong Advertiser, 25-2-1921.)
Una would have been born in about 1881. Her maiden name was Saunders but she may have been Mrs Thurrowgood when she married Charles in 1909*.
EventDeath Event registration number1787 Registration year1921
Personal information
Family nameTAINTON Given namesUna Blanche SexFemale Father's nameSAUNDERS James Mother's nameMary Ann (Harrison) Place of birth Place of deathGEELONG Age40

*EventMarriage Event registration number2868 Registration year1909
Personal information
Family nameTAINTON Given namesChas Albt SexUnknown Spouse's family nameTHURROWGOOD Spouse's given namesUna Blanche

Edith's father almost certainly died in 1928 leaving Edith an orphan. He drowned in Corio Bay. There was no death notice.Edith was only about 14.
EventDeath Event registration number14915 Registration year1928
Personal information
Family nameTAINTON Given namesCharles Albert SexMale Father's nameTAINTON Richard Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathGEELONG Age60

He was a widower and lived with his two children


Her crossword puzzle at age 17. CROSSWORD

This is just a sample of Edith's contributions to newspapers, her address written as 17 Preston St., Geelong West. The big question is who was looking after her. Did she have to leave school after her father's death?
No wonder I saw no mention of the academic success I'd expected to find. How sad!



EventDeath Event registration number14401 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesRobt SexUnknown Father's nameRowley Jas Mother's nameElizth (King) Place of birth Place of deathPt Nepean Age89

EventDeath Event registration number12094 Registration year1924
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesChristina SexFemale Father's nameEDWARDS William Mother's nameElizth (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathSORRENTO Age88

By the Rev. J. Smithies, at the House of
Mr. Joseph Tongs, Illawarra, Christina Ed-
wards, the only daughter of Mr. William Ed-
wards of Newborough, Fife, Scotland, to Mr.
Robert Rowley, of Dromana, Victoria.
(P.2, Launceston Examiner, 1-1-1861.)
Distance from Illawarra, Tasmania to Longford, Tasmania?
4 min (4.0 km) via Illawarra Rd/B52 and B51

EventBirth Event registration number5104 Registration year1862
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristia (Edwards) Place of birthDROM

EventBirth Event registration number14380 Registration year1866
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesMary Christina SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthDROMANA
(Robert Rowley was working at Dromana for Peter Pidoto who married Frances Taylor. Mary Christina married the brother of Frances, William Taylor Jnr., if I remember correctly.
EventMarriage Event registration number4442 Registration year1883
Personal information
Family nameTAYLOR Given namesWilliam SexMale Spouse's family nameROWLEY Spouse's given namesMary Christina)

EventBirth Event registration number10773 Registration year1863
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesFrank SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristian (Edwards) Place of birthVICT* (SEE DEATH RECORD)
(*EventDeath Event registration number21428 Registration year1948
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesFrancis SexMale Father's nameROWLEY Robert Mother's nameChristina (Edward) Place of birthRYE Place of deathSALE Age85)

EventBirth Event registration number21465 Registration year1864
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesWilliam SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOT

EventBirth Event registration number5965 Registration year1868
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesRichard SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOTGAROOK

EventBirth Event registration number25484 Registration year1869
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesRobenea SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOTGAROOK

EventBirth Event registration number26808 Registration year1871
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOT

EventBirth Event registration number27642 Registration year1873
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesJames SexUnknown Father's nameRobt Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOTGAROOK

EventBirth Event registration number19965 Registration year1875
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesEmma SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOT

EventBirth Event registration number5750 Registration year1877
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesRobert SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOTGAROOK

EventBirth Event registration number19645 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesJohn SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTO OT

EventBirth Event registration number6049 Registration year1881
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesMartha Rebekah SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristian (Edwards) Place of birthTOO

EventBirth Event registration number27002 Registration year1883
Personal information
Family nameROWLEY Given namesAdeline Maude SexUnknown Father's nameRobert Mother's nameChristina (Edwards) Place of birthTOOT



In 1890, the Sorrento 3rd 20 travelled to Rosebud to play an AUSTRALIAN RULES football match against Rosebud Union, a team comprised of players who were probably too old or too young to get a game in Dromana's team. Rosebud was a sleepy little fishing village and probably didn't have enough males to form a football team of its own. It had a jetty but only small vessels could berth there while the big excursion steamers could do so at Dromana and the Queen of watering places, Coppin's Sorrento. Income derived from the lengthy "Season" sustained many guest houses and provided employment out of season for those who maintained the summer houses of the wealthy at Sorrento. Sorrento had several hotels and Dromana had two until the Arthurs Seat Hotel burnt down in early 1898. Many of the humble pioneering Sorrento locals earned money during the season as cab drivers, servants, working in stores, and even slumming it over summer or Easter so their houses could be let to holiday makers, deriving probably half their yearly income. Dromana residents such as Susan Peatey and Julia Clydesdale found employment at the town's hotels as early as the late 1860's but there were fewer SUMMER HOUSES there and the only documented case of employment at one is that of Godfrey Wilson's future wife, Maria Stenniken, (whose father,Ben of Rye, leased land on the Survey.) Maria worked at the summer house of John Vans Agnew Bruce on his Brokil Estate (between today's Mount Martha Waterway-Tassells Creek- and Bruce Rd.)

Thus it can be seen why Sorrento had three teams, Dromana one and Rosebud could not form a team of its own.

The game terminated thus :Rosebud 5 goals 6 behinds, Sorrento nil. The goal. kickers were Rudduck 2, Lawrence; Souter and, Fred Salva 1 each. In addition to these :Peters,Silvester, Jamieson, Watson and Thomson played well, whilst Joe Cain,Sutton, Salva, Watson, Riley and Griffiths worked hard to avert disaster,

As I had not seen the name in connection with Rosebud and could not find one on trove, I tried SILVESTER, DROMANA and with one result- and another search for LOUISA SILVESTER (with one result also) to determine roughly when the separation took place- WHAT A STORY EMERGED!

Rosebud Union's SYLVESTER was probably a teenager, son of Alfred and Louisa Silvester who had arrived in Melbourne in November 1874 and performed all over as illusionists, including at Geraldton, W.A. where Alfred fell into intemperate habits, apparently with a performer named Annie Sefton rather than alcohol, causing a separation and Louisa Sarah Anne Silvester, of Dromana, music teacher sued for divorce about a year after the football match. She was granted custody of the three children.

The visit to Geraldton and subsequent separation must have occurred during the 1880's because the couple had three children by 1891 and was still performing together in 1879*. Most female performers probably gave the illusion of being single so the male members of the audience would not feel guilty about ogling them. Louisa was almost certainly Alfred's wife because any daughter, if legitimate, would have been 5 years old or less. Nellie was probably Arthur's wife too.

*The Silvester and Vivian entertainment attracted a good house to the Fitzroy Town Hall on Saturday evening. Hadji Mahommed Sahib, an illusionist, made his first appearance, and created a favorable impression. A racy little comedy by Miss Nellie Vivian and Mr.Silvester's cabinet seance,Masks and Faces by Miss Louisa Silvester, and some comic characters by Arthur Vivian were very deservedly applauded. (Near end of P.3, The Age, 17-3-1879.)

2 comment(s), latest 1 week ago


Trove serving me HOVER when I ordered HOVE led me to an article about the Rosebud Union footy team of 1890, which I had been trying to relocate for years. Ironically, I'd been trying to work out why the part of Eastbourne Rd., east of the Mornington Peninsula Freeway had been renamed as Hove Road.

Crispo was not only a terrific entertainer; being a bachelor, he had plenty of time to dream up his brainwaves, such as AMALGAMATE, DON'T FEDERATE and Rosebud West becoming Australia's capital named FEDERANIUM, and write countless letters to the editor detailing them. I thought I'd read every one of his letters until I was researching Silvester, one of the Rosebud Union players in 1890, and Mr Trove thought I'd ordered SILVER!

"IN MEMORIUM", probably written by Ned Williams, the new owner of "Eastbourne" at whose residence Crispo died in 1899,(or Ned's daughter, Cassie, whose grave at Rye is directly opposite Crispo's) might give you a clue why I call Crispo the Peninsula's Don Quixote.

Small space I crave from you kind sir,
A dead friend's worth to sing ;
Small tribute to his kindly deeds,
A kindly requiem.

God bless thee, Crispo, in thy bed,
With ti-tree blossoms strewn;
God rest the weary heart and head,
For me, all gone too soon.

What though thy brain with fancy teemed,
Fostered and led by fools;
What though thy airy castles gleamed,
Fashioned by dreamland's tools.

Beneath the haze of fancy's dreams,
A kindly heart and true;
An honest hand and steadfast will,
To fight life's battle through.

Take then thy well-earned rest, old friend,
Short space of time, and we
May meet thee on that brighter shore,
Au revoir S. S. C.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1899.)

SIR,— When.staying with Mr. Wm. Stephen,
acting chief inspector of stock, he advocated the
making of silver a legal tender in place of gold.
The effect of this would be the releasing from
the banks a large quantity of gold for circula-
tion and the deposit in the banks of an immense
quantity of silver. To meet the withdrawal
of the silver it would be necessary to coin
millions of pounds worth of silver, and as a
consequence the price of silver would rise in
value, At present silver is becoming a drug in
the market as compared to gold. The idea
broached by Mr. Stephen appears to be the only
one that will solve the difficulty. It would be
of great advantage to Australia if this should
happen. I would advocate the coining of a
large number of five and ten shilling ooins, and
also one pound coins, in silver. — Yours, &c.,
Eastbourne, Rosebud, 10th May.
(P.6, The Age, 15-3-1893.)

Crispo's idea of conveying passengers up the bay, as described in LIME LAND LEISURE could be described as fanciful but others were ingenious, such as life rafts instead of lifeboats (which were often swamped), and AMALGAMATE DON'T FEDERATE (following the Canadian model) which would have eliminated the cost and bickering caused by having three levels of Government. Obviously the Governor, Lord Brassey, was as fascinated by Crispo as I am because he unsuccessfully tried to visit Eastbourne- an amusing tale!

I'd had no idea about how long it took for silver to become legal tender.
So thanks to Mr Trove for his little boo boo.


The details of this will were found by chance (in the second result for a trove search for "WILLIAM BENNETT WRIGHT", limited to Victoria.)W.B.Wright most likely farmed the part of today's Keilor Park, Melbourne, near Wright's Rd. (Melway 15 A 5-6.)

I have previously written journals about Henry Dunn of Mornington and Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint", Tullamarine being brothers, and Edmund being an early pioneer of the Mornington Peninsula. John, William, Charles, Richard and George were also brothers of these two and have not been mentioned by researchers in connection with Henry and Edmund.

Genealogy makes my head spin; that's why I generally stick to local history. I still haven't got old Tom Wright and young Tom Wright, who lived across Old Broadmeadows Rd (now Mickleham Rd) at Tullamarine from each other, sorted out. Several families, such as Alston & Jenkins and possibly Harrap and Bennett, were pioneers in both areas- near Tullamarine and Mornington. Therefore I will just provide the link for the will which should be of benefit to family historians who have more understanding of the family trees of the families mentioned.

N.B. Moonee Ponds meant near the Moonee Ponds Creek and between today's Strathmore Heights and Westmeadows, Camp Hill (later Gowanbrae), Edmund Dunn's "Viewpoint" and my great grandfather, John Cock's leased "Gladstone" extended east to The Moonee Ponds Creek. Henry and Edmund Dunn had both died in 1891. As the print in the article was so clear, I didn't bother checking the digitisation.

On reading the article again, I notice that John was described as a resident of Mount Barber (digitised as Mt Barker.) In this case I believe that the digitisation is correct and the typesetter had made a mistake, based on so many family members living at Mt. Barker. A google search for Mt. Barber, South Australia produced no results. Believe is a word that should be avoided in history so I checked text corrections and discovered that Mt. Barber had been changed to Mt Barker by a descendant of John Dunn's daughter, Elizabeth Paltridge.
(2 years ago mpaltridge)


3 comment(s), latest 1 week, 2 days ago


M'NAB--M'MILLAN -On the 31st October at the bride's uncle's residence, Hillside, Tullamarine by the Rev. T. Edwards, Angus, eldest son of Duncan McNab, Esq., Kinnell, Muir-street Hawthorn to Elizabeth, fourth daughter of Mr James McMillan,Nagambie. (P.1, Argus, 19-1-1895.)

Thanks to the endeavours of Neil Hamilton Mansfield we find why a McMillan marriage was conducted at Hillside.


1937 SHARP James 87Y 00/00/1829 08/12/1916 08/12/1916 Presb. 2 31 Son of James Sharp & Agnes McMillan. Died in Keilor, Victoria, Australia.

1939 SHARP (nee CLARK) Mary 93Y 00/00/1827 07/04/1920 07/04/1920 Presb. 2 31 Daughter of James Clark & Mary Langwill. Died in Keilor, Victoria, Australia.

In about 1860, Maurice Crotty married Miss McCormack after working for Thomas Brannigan at St Johns on the west side of the south end of Konagaderra Rd (see Melway map 385.) The McCormacks had a farm called "Chesterfield" south of the east end of Annandale Rd, extending west to Lambeck Court and the newlyweds leased "The Springs" across Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive.) In 1867, Mrs Crotty wrote in a letter that someone had purchased part of their farm.(Information from Glenn Cotchen, a Crotty descendant and researcher.)

The purchaser was James Sharp who in 1863 had been leasing part of "Chandos", a 467 acre property fronting Broadmeadows Rd (now Mickleham Rd) from just south of Freight Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek and extending west to Derby St and Wright St (now Springbank St south of the freeway.)

The portion of section 21 Doutta Galla that he'd bought was 133 acres fronting the south side of Sharps Rd from about 70 metres west of Allied Drive to a southern continuation of Broadmeadows Rd. (Volume 176, folio 786.) Hillside later became Carinya, owned by the Thomas family and it is thought that Thomas St, Airport West may have been its eastern boundary*. Barrie Road on Sharps' purchase was named after Barrie Thomas.
THOMAS.—On November 16 at his parents'residence, Sharpes road, Tullamarine, Barry Raymond, dearly loved youngest
child of Mr. and Mrs. Stan Thomas, and loved brother of Cecil, aged 4 years and 7 months.—A little sufferer, in God's care. (P.9, Argus, 18-11-1947.) OBITUARY-

* By 1917, Hillside consisted of about 336 acres and adjoined Spring Park, which had recently been sold. I believe that the DIAGONAL adjoining was at the south east corner of Hillside (and today's Etzel Reserve) and the north west corner of Spring Park (and today's Hansen Reserve.) Spring Park, bisected by McNamara Avenue, fronted the north side of Keilor Rd between "Niddrie" (Treadwell Rd west to Grange Rd) and "Springfield" (west from Mirriam Court to the Roberts Road corner. Hillside actually directly adjoined "Springfield" but this became part of the estate sold by E.Roberts in 1915.

The term SPRING PARK ESTATE changed in meaning between 1909 and 1917. Following the death of William Johnson in 1909, his Spring Park Estate, and Springfield, were consolidated by E.Roberts, developer, into the SPRING PARK ESTATE which was auctioned as 44 farmlets of 6-10 acres and 31 acres containing the Spring Park mansion. Roberts Rd would have provided access to most of the 45 farmlets.
By Order of Mr. E. Roberts.SPRING PARK ESTATE


FARM to LET, for Three or Five Years.-By
order of the Union Trustees of Australia Ltd ,
that Splendid FARM, so long occupied by the late
James Sharp, at Tullamarine, comprising about
336 acres, good permanent water, situated about
9 miles from Melbourne, and adjoining Spring
Park Estate, which was recently sold by auction
at very high prices; good agricultural or sheep
fattening property, handy for market dealer. For
particulars apply
317 Collins street (P.14, Argus, 3-2-1917.)

Section 8 Tullamarine fronted the east side of McNabs Rd from the bottom of Melway 4 H9 north to Grants Lane at the bottom of 4 G5, extending east for a mile (8 cm on Melway.) John Grant was granted the northern 320 acres which he called Seafield and two McNab brothers shared the southern 320 acres, Duncan's Victoria Bank of 160 acres being between Seafield and Oakbank.

The 1888 biography of Angus McNab in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT details how his father, Duncan, had moved away and Angus had returned to establish Victoria Bank. This was a 93 acre property once occupied by Agnes Ritchie between Barbiston Rd (the proposed future runway) and Aucholzie. An army ordnance map wrongly labelled David Mansfield's "Roseleigh" on the south side of Mansfield Rd as Victoria Bank but Neil Hamilton Mansfield and I helped Gary Vines to understand the mistake during his archealogical study.

The second Victoria Bank was later owned by journalist, C.P.Blom. By 1988 the farm had been subdivided into small farms, the homestead block, named Rosebank being owned by the Courtney-Shaws who had a beautiful garden which would have pleased Blom's daughters when they paid a visit to their old farm.

The joy of the arrival of their first child, a son,on 8-10-1895, was fleeting.
McNAB. -On the 10th inst., at Victoria Bank, Tullamarine, Duncan James, the dearly beloved son of Angus and Elizabeth McNab, aged 4 months.(P.1, Argus,13-2-1896.)

McNAB. —On September 26, Elizabeth, of 23 Keilor road, North Essendon, beloved wife of the late Angus McNab, and loving mother of Duncan (deceased), Victoria*,Jessie and Margaret. (P.11, Argus, 27-9-1956.)
McNAB.— The Funeral of the late Mrs. ELIZABETH McNAB will leave our parlors, cnr. Buckley street and Leslie road, Essendon, TOMORROW (Friday), after a service commencing at 1.45 p.m., for the Fawkner Crematorium.
(P.11, Argus, 27-9-1956.)

*John McNab died at Elizabeth's house, 23 Keilor Rd. His obituaries record his birth at the first Victoria Bank,his being the brother of Angus, and name his father's property near Lilydale. The notice of application to administer his estate gives Victoria's full name, recalling the SHARP-McNAB CONNECTION, which has never been previously mentioned.

The funeral of Mr. John McNab, one
of the founders of the Yarra Glen and
Lilydale Hunt Club, and a member of
the well-known family of breeders of Ayr-
shire cattle in Victoria, took place last
week at the Campbellfield Cemetery.
His death occurred on Wednesday,
February 5, at the home of his
sister-in-law, Mrs. E. McNab, Keilor,
Essendon. Mr. McNab was the second
son of the late Mr. Duncan McNab,
who came to Victoria from Scotland-in
1839, and of the late Mrs. Margaret McNab*.
He was born at Victoria Bank, Tulla-
marine, in 1858, and was educated at
Scotch College. For many years he lived
on the property of his father, Green Point,
Yarra Glen. He farmed also at Tulla-
marine, and owned a property at Yanna-
than, Gippsland. In the days when he
hunted with the Yarra Glen and Lilydale
Hunt Club he was a fearless rider. (P.10, The Australasian, 15-2-1936.)
(* Nee Grant.)

The death occurred at the home of his sister-in-law yesterday of Mr.John McNab, one of the best known Ayrshire cattle breeders in the State. Mr. McNab and his brother Angus conducted Greenpoint Estate, Lilydale, and also Victorian Bank, Tullamarine. Mr. John McNab who has been living in retirement for 16 years was not married.
(P.4, Shepparton Advertiser, 6-2-1936.)

AFTER the expiration of fourteen days from
publication hereof application will be made to
the Supreme Court of Victoria In Its Probate Juris
diction that PROBATE of the WILL (dated the
14th day of June 1928) and a Codicil thereto
(dated the 5th day of April 1935) of JOHN McNAB
late of Keilor road North Essendon In the State
of Victoria Gentleman deceased may be granted
to Elizabeth McNab widow Jessie Williamena
McNab (in the said will called Jessie Wilhelmina
McNab) and Mary Victoria Sharp McNab (In the
sald codicil called Mary Victoria McNab) spinsters
all of Keilor road North Essendon aforesaid the
exécutrices appointed by the said will and codicil
Dated the 29th day of February 1936
McNAB &. MCNAB of 454 Collins street
Melbourne, and at Kilmore.(P.1, Argus, 2-3-1936.)