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In the early 1950's Stanley Korman had purchased three farms on the east side of Old Broadmeadows Road between Forman St, the south boundary of Broadmeadows Township, and today's Camp Hill Park. The farms were "Gladstone" from Forman St south to the Lackenheath Drive corner purchased from F.N Levin in 1954, the northern 159 acres of Viewpoint south to about 40 metres north of the Scampton Crescent corner purchased from Bill Stoney and the southern 169 acres of Viewpoint purchased from Charles Palmer. These purchases and others are shown on page 196 and 197 of Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.

Korman's Bullseye plan of subdivision of his land between old Broadmeadows and the Albion-Jacana railway line fronted Old Broadmeadows Road but Korman's companies went broke and development of Gladstone Park did not start until Costains purchased Gladstone in 1964. By this time the construction of Tullamarine Airport had begun and land was reserved for the Tullamarine Freeway, thus isolating land on the three farms mentioned above, west of the freeway to Old Broadmeadows Rd, which was developed later as the Gladstone Gardens Estate. This estate may have included Strathconan whose main access roads were Freight Rd and Garden Drive because the service road on the east side of Old Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd)was directly linked with Garden Drive in Melway 5 J11.

When Bill Stoney and Charles Palmer, who obviously regained ownership of their farms due to Korman's insolvency, sold their farms again, they must have done so on the condition that their ADJOINING homestead blocks would be exempted from the Gladstone Gardens subdivision and with these two house blocks fronting the original chain wide road there was an 80 metre gap in the service road with access to the southern section of the service road provided just north of the Scampton Crescent corner.

Incidentally, Korman's original bullseye plan on page 197 of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY (which Andrew Lemon vaguely describes as being from "a brochure issued during the campaign against siting a new jetport at Tullamarine") was actually from THE CASE AGAINST A JETPORT AT TULLAMARINE, published by Walter V. Murphy, a copy of which was provided to me by descendants of Tullamarine pioneers, was given to the Tullamarine Library and should be available at the Hume Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows. No doubt Korman financed the brochure.

Charles Palmer had died by 1973 when I started the Tullamarine Kindergarten Association's paper drives. Dear old Mrs Palmer, who lived in the weatherboard house immediately south of Bill Stoney's brick house and part of the break in the service road, saved her papers for me and always insisted that I share a cuppa with her before I left. Her house was possibly built by John Mansfield when he bought the southern 169 acres of "Viewpoint" and called it "Grandview" but may have been Edmond Dunn's original homestead built in 1849 or even John Martin Ardlie's homestead of 1843.



I owe a huge debt to Syd Lloyd and his brother, George, for contributing so much to my knowledge of a huge area around Tullamarine so hopefully this journal will be useful for anyone undertaking the writing of a Lloyd family history. George wrote his wonderful "MICKLEHAM ROAD FROM 1920 TO 1952" which inspired and greatly aided my dictionary history of Tullamarine and miles around (and has assisted heritage citations such as the one for KALKALLO PARK)while Sid's information and history road tour was supplemented when he introduced me to Bob Blackwell, who like Sid and George, knew every square inch of the area.

Event registration number10968
Registration year1939
Personal information
Family nameLLOYD
Given namesSarah Elizabeth
Father's nameSMITH Francis
Mother's nameMary (Doolan)
Place of birthDEVENISH
Place of deathMELBOURNE
Benalla Ensign (Vic. : 1938 - 1954) Friday 28 July 1939 p 2 Article
... . J. T. Martin of Devenish. * * Mrs. W. Lloyd, of Mickleham, is re-newing acquaintances in the Deven ...643 words
The DEATH has occurred of Mrs
'Lloyd, of , Mickleham, a sister of
Messrs 'Wallace and Hugh Smith, Car
dinia. (P.20, Dandenong Journal, 22-11-1939.)

SMITH.-On the 31st October, at his residence, St.
Mungo, Clyde*, Nicholas Charles, dearly loved
son of Mary and the late F. G. Smith, loved
brother of Jim (Geelong), George (Christchurch,
New Zealand), Wallace, Sarah (Mrs. Lloyd,
Broadmeadows*), Hugh, Bruce (Oakleigh), and
Mary (Mrs. H. McLean, Bellarine), aged 50
years. (P.1, Argus, 1-11-1928.)
* This was while William Lloyd was share farming with the Orrs near Broadmeadows Township and before the family moved to Mickleham as detailed in George Lloyd's history. I also recall that George stated that his father had come to Broadmeadows circa 1920 from Clyde.

From a LLOYD, MICKLEHAM search on trove, I discovered in a stock report that his father was W.M.Lloyd.
Event registration number1221
Registration year1915
Personal information
Family nameLLOYD
Given namesWm Morris
Spouse's family nameSMITH
Spouse's given namesSarah Elizth

Event registration number21398
Registration year1960
Personal information
Family nameLLOYD
Given namesWilliam Morris
Father's nameLLOYD William
Mother's nameMary Ann (Morris)
Place of birthWALES
Place of deathROMSEY

Event registration number901
Registration year1916
Personal information
Family nameLLOYD
Given namesSydney Evans
Father's nameWm Morris
Mother's nameSarah Elzth (Smith)
Place of birthBERWICK

23 Tudehope, 'Kalkallo - A Link with the Past', in The Victorian Historical Magazine, November 1961, p.114; also George M Lloyd, 'Mickleham Road: From 1920 to 1952' (unpublished typescript, 1 September 1985), p 13.
Footnote on the second last page of:…/5ac…/kalkallo_park_kalkallo.pdf

LLOYD S…/Mickleham_War_Memorial.htm…/Bulla_Cemetery/frameset.html
1185 LLOYD
Bruce 69Y 13/07/1925* 08/07/1994 00/07/1994 Presb. 6 19 Twin son of William Morris Lloyd & Sarah Elizabeth Smith.
(*There's no Victorian BDM birth record for Bruce.)

1186 LLOYD
Glenys Elizabeth 6Y10M 00/00/1957 18/12/1963 23/12/1963 Presb. 6 13 Daughter of Sydney Evans Lloyd & Alice Pearl White. Died in Tullamarine, Victoria, Australia.

1189 LLOYD
William Morris 75Y 00/00/1885 06/02/1960 10/02/1960 Presb. 6 19 Son of William Lloyd & Mary Ann Morris. Died in Romsey, Victoria, Australia.

First Settlement at Romsey
First ex-servicemen to be allotted blocks under subdivisional settlement in Victoria, and to actually occupy their farms were Messrs. D. P. Jones and W. J.Lloyd, at Romsey. They were allotted blocks on March 21, 1947,and occupied them on May 1,1947.(P.3, The Age, 10-9-1947.)

W.J. Lloyd was probably the J.Lloyd on the Mickleham War Memorial. This could be his service record, and George's and Syd's follow.

Name - World War Two Nominal Roll
Service Australian Army
Service Number V52151
Date of Birth 22 Oct 1919
Place of Birth BERWICK, VIC
Date of Enlistment 17 Aug 1940
Locality on Enlistment ESSENDON, VIC
Place of Enlistment MOONEE PONDS, VIC
Date of Discharge 9 May 1941
Rank Gunner
Posting at Discharge 2 Medium Regiment
WW2 Honours and Gallantry None for display
Prisoner of War No

Service Australian Army
Service Number VX57551
Date of Birth 25 Mar 1917
Place of Birth BERWICK, VIC
Date of Enlistment 11 Jun 1941
Locality on Enlistment MICKLEHAM, VIC
Place of Enlistment ROYAL PARK, VIC
Date of Discharge 1 Mar 1946
Rank Bombardier
Posting at Discharge 2/12 FIELD REGIMENT
WW2 Honours and Gallantry None for display
Prisoner of War No

Service Australian Army
Service Number VX57550
Date of Birth 8 Feb 1916
Place of Birth BERWICK, VIC
Date of Enlistment 11 Jun 1941
Locality on Enlistment MICKLEHAM, VIC
Place of Enlistment ROYAL PARK, VIC
Next of Kin LLOYD, W
Date of Discharge Unknown
Rank Gunner
Posting at Discharge 2/12 FIELD REGIMENT
WW2 Honours and Gallantry None for display
Prisoner of War No

Thank goodness for this roll because Victorian BDM only had a birth record for Sid.…/Greenvale_Primary_School_18…
LLOYD William
RUTH Nancy Margaret
RUTH Veronica Joan
GILLIES Donald Cameron
HATTY Muriel
TILLEY Charles William
RUTH Gwendoline
LLOYD Marjorie
TILLEY Kenneth
YOUNG Charles
HUTT Lindsay
WELSH Arthur
LYON Frank
LYON Betty
MOFFAT Douglas
MOFFAT Frederick
Mr Lloyd moved and Mr Hatty seconded – that in view of the fact that the money which had been collected for breakup day was destroyed when the school was burned, the Committee agrees to make a further effort to arrange for a function to celebrate the opening of the new school when completed (the building having be removed from Sunshine and re-erected at Greenvale).

Extracts of “Going to school yester year” by Gordon Williamson.
The Williamson family represented 3 generations or 50 years connection with the school. I spent 18 years as a committee member, my father spent 29 years. I remember starting school in 1936 by walking to school 1 mile with my brother and sister, rain, hail or shine. Some families walked up to 5 miles “as the crow flies” to get to school. When I started school there were horse yards to tether horses while at school. The older boys at school were let out 5 minutes before so they could saddle up the horses for the children.

My teachers were Mr Sprake and Mr Swan who used to push a bike from Broadmeadows railway station everyday, morning and night, 7 mile each way. At school there were 24 students from grade 1 to grade 8, one teacher, and a sewing mistress just in the afternoons.In those days at school we had no electricity or telephone, but we did have open fires to warm the school. For lighting arrangements we had kerosene lamps to see when it was a little dark. The school had board floors, no carpets. School was used as a social meeting place such as dances, concerts, card nights, kitchen teas, and farewell parties because there were no other halls or buildings to have these functions in. Next door to the school (CORNER OF SOMERTON AND SECTION RDS) there was a post office, store and a telephone exchange.

We started the week at school with the flag raising, saluting the flag and singing “God save the Queen”. Each morning following we would do the “weather chart”. Some of our classes consisted of arithmetic, tables off by heart, spelling, reading, writing plus geography, history, nature study (walks) composition.If we were naughty we were either given the strap or lines to write at home, same in small grade 1 where I sat in the corner when naughty.

Some of our sporting material was a football stuffed with paper, cricket was with an old tennis ball with a bat made out of a piece of wood by one of the children’s dads. as it was war time and it was hard to buy any sporting equipment.

Our roads to the school were gravel and muddy in the winter time. Mickleham road was cobblestone. Mickleham road was known then as Old Sydney road. 2 mile north was stop 1 for Cobb & Co coaches, for the changing of horses and drivers. The Blue stone stable house is still there today (1993).

In 1956 Mickleham Road, Somerton Road and Pascoe Vale Roads were used as the Olympic bike track. The roads were sealed as bitumen roads for that event. Before this they were very rough dirt roads. It was a long way to go shopping as people went by horse and buggy to North Essendon or Puckle Street once a fortnight or month. Men folk would drop families to shop and they would travel on toNewmarket yards to see and buy stock (cattle, sheep, and horses). Newmarket saleyards were one of the largest cattle markets in the world.

Greenvale area was farming, dairy, sheep, pigs and beef. I myself came off a dairy farm on which this school is now situated (current Greenvale primary school in Bradford Avenue). We milked cows, grew crops etc. The farm was workedwith draught horses. I left school in grade 8 and went home to work on the farm with my dad. I drew a 6 horse team ploughing paddocks to grow crops to feed the stock. As time went on we had the power (electricity) put on in Greenvale plus telephones to homes. This all happened around 1950. Instead of manual, the Telephone Exchange became automatic.

As the years went by the school bus started to take children into Essendon to high school and tech school. Then there were buses to take workers into Melbourne. Prior to this people worked at home or boarded in Melbourne. I then married and lived in Greenvale and my children started to go to Greenvale State School. 2 members were dux of the school. That was Gayle in 1970 and Lynda in 1976. My son Craig holds records in the combined school sports for running and jumping. These sports were held between West Meadows, Tullamarine, Bulla, Mickleham, Craigieburn, Kalkallo and Greenvale. They were held once a year at different locations. The last member of the Williamson family left Greenvale School in 1976.
Gordon Williamson apparently married John Denham's daughter.
DENHAM-WILLIAMSON.—Mr.and Mrs. J. Denham. Bulla road, Tullamarine, have pleasure in announcing the engagement of their only daughter, Ivy Joan to Gordon Keith, younger son of Mrs. H.Williamson and the late Mr. H.Williamson. Greenvale.(P.8, Argus, 12-1-1954.)

WILLIAMSON (Derham).-Joan and Gordon happily announce the arrival of Gayle Lynn on December 5, at Sacred Heart, Moreland. (Both well.)(P.12 , Argus, 10-12-1956.)

EventDeath Event registration number8722 Registration year1953
Personal information
Family nameWILLIAMSON Given namesHugh SexMale Father's nameWILLIAMSON James Mother's nameRebecca (Watkins) Place of birthWARRAGUL Place of deathPARKVILLE Age55

WILLIAMSON, Hugh. —On August 7 (suddenly), at Royal Melbourne Hospital, beloved husband of Bertha, of Dunvegan, Green Vale, loved father of Ollie (Mrs.Lloyd), Jim, Marj (Mrs. H. Bradley), Joan, Joyce (Mrs. N. Taylor),Gordon, Vera, Thelma, Jessie, and Pam.—One day we will all be reunited. (Interred August 10.)
(P.11, Argus, 11-8-1953.)

EventDeath Event registration number5669 Registration year1956
Personal information
Family nameWILLIAMSON Given namesBertha Annie SexFemale Father's nameZERBE August Johann Mother's nameBertha (Fuhrman) Place of birthDONCASTER EAST Place of deathFITZROY Age56

EventMarriage Event registration number3747 Registration year1921
Personal information
Family nameZERBE Given namesBertha Annie SexUnknown Spouse's family nameWILLIAMSON Spouse's given namesHugh

Hugh led the search for Hetty, the last of the McKerchars in Greenvale.
Woman, 80, .Trapped By Mud In Dam
TRAPPED in a dam for more than five hours when she sank in mud on Saturday morning, Miss Henrietta McKerchar, 80, of Greenvale, near Broadmeadows,was rescued by searchers led by Mr Hugh Williamson, of Greenvale, near Broadmeadows, She died later in Royal Melbourne Hospital from bronchial pneumonia and effects of exposure. The dam was on Miss McKerchar's property, where she lived alone. She was worried because the pool was drying up and carp in it were dying. (P.27, WeeklyTimes, 23-2-1944.)

Although I made my notes (since discarded) from Greenvale:Links with the Past about 27 years ago, I remember the story told by Annette Davis (now Ferguson) well. Hetty was living on Springfield North, the northern 180 acres of the crown allotment across Somerton Rd from Dunvegan and about half a mile from Hugh's farm. Hetty's farm was later bought by the Gambles who named it Brocklands after John Brock a pioneer north of Bulla and then at Janefield near Bundoora. This farm is now occupied by Aitken College. The farm between Brocklands and Dunvegan was a dairy farm owned by Wal French, (as mentioned in George Lloyd's history and recalled by the name of French Rd.)

Like many of my journals about the Tullamarine area, this journal started from a post in the WE REMEMBER TULLAMARINE Facebook group page. I had two entries still to write in my FIELD DAY AT TULLAMARINE IN 1935, about the DENHAM and STONEY families, and realised that I wouldn't have known anything about them but for George's mention of Bill Stoney being, as I recall, "down Dench's Lane*" in his MICKLEHAM ROAD history and Syd telling me about John Denham owning the land north of Percy Hurren's Dalkeith and Bill Stoney having built the brick house which separated the two sections of the service road on the east side of Mickleham Rd between the freeway and the intersection with Melrose Drive. Having added the Denham and Stoney information in the Field Day journal and lost it due to internet problems, it occurred to me that while George and Sid had provided me with so much information, I had provided nothing about their family that could be accessed on the internet.

*The boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook (south) and Yuroke (north) is a line indicated by Swain St (Melway 178 H11) forming the southern boundary of Providence Plains and the former timber reserve to the west. Dench's Lane, never a declared road, continued the parish boundary on the east side of Mickleham Rd between Bob Jefferies' farm to the north and Springbank to the south and was named after the butchering family which had land, possibly near Mossgeil Avenue.

As Facebook posts were still submitting, albeit slowly, I wrote a post on WE REMEMBER TULLAMARINE in an effort to make contact with the late Syd Lloyd's daughter, adding some information about the family, the genesis of this journal, and the following comments were posted.

Brenda Kittelty Hi ---, I'm Syd Lloyd's daughter 😁 I'm seeing Mum later today so I'll double check with her. Watch this space.

Caroline Field Went to state school with Eric Denham

Bessie Peart Apparently a lot of the documents & publications that were in the local History section of the library were given to the Broadmeadows historical society. Several years ago.

Brenda Kittelty Ok, according to Mum, Hughie Williamson had a daughter Olive, who married Dad’s next youngest brother George. Dad (Syd) was the eldest of 6 and George was about 15 months younger than him. Hope this helps.

ME. Thanks Brenda Kittelty. I'd thought George was older that your dad and realised that must be wrong when I saw Syd's birth year. I had suspected that it was George who'd married a Williamson girl. Hopefully I can find the marriage record because the quest for a marriage notice looks like a fizzer.

ME. Brenda Kittelty, I hope the information I have provided will prove useful for anyone who undertakes the writing of a family history. If I find anything else, I'll include it in the post.

Brenda Kittelty Thanks ---. All this work you do is quite inspiring! William John Lloyd was known as Jack (my Uncle Jack) and I think you'll find another military service record for him. He, Dad and Uncle George all enlisted together and all served in the 2/12th Field Regiment for the duration of WWII. I believe Uncle Jack's rank upon discharge was Sergeant and he may also have been awarded a medal for bravery, but that wasn't something he liked to talk about.

They're all gone now, and Mum at 98 is the only one of her generation left. She is Alice Lloyd (née White) and she and Dad married on 1 March, 1947. Her older brother, Alan White, had an interesting war story. He was captured by the Germans on Crete and spent the war as a POW in a number of German prisoner-of-war camps. He and his wife Gwen (née Cocking) had a poultry farm in Mickleham despite Uncle Alan's terribly poor health.

Alfred White was discussed in the aforementioned citation for the Kalkallo Park homestead and Whites Lane at Melway 386 A4-7 recalls the family. I'd meant to ask Brenda if Syd had met Alice at Mickleham.

The Cockings may have been on Donnybrook Rd but George's history would state EXACTLY where it was, because he listed the latter pioneers on EVERY road.

CHRIS McLENNAN, The Weekly Times
June 10, 2016 12:00am
VICTORIA’S most expensive farm has been sold and will be chopped up for housing.

The 214ha cattle farm at Mickleham, on the northern outskirts of Melbourne, was sold to a developer for an ­undisclosed price, believed to be more than $60 million.

The land had been owned by the pioneering Cocking family for more than a century.


"The fourth of the Rudduck family who came to Australia, the Rev. Joseph Rudduck, had married James Hudson's sister, Hannah, and they brought their five children to Melbourne. It was his son Harold, who, having graduated from the Melbourne Science College, was a pioneer in the manufacture of veterinary medicines in Victoria. The trademark was a red duck and the factory was near Nepean Highway in Moorabbin." (P. 62, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA".)

I have an impressive collection of local histories, most of the books tokens of appreciation from the Broadmeadows, Keilor and Essendon Historical Societies, Friends of the Will Will Rook Cemetery, Neil Mansfield, and Stephen, Helen, Barry and Bettyanne, who first knew me as itellya, in regard to Peninsula history. Janilye, a fellow member of family tree circles has also given me two histories, and the one I received two days ago courtesy of her daughter who teaches at Mornington Park Primary School, is BATTLERS TAMED A SANDBELT, Tom Sheehy's book about the first 50 years of the City of Moorabbin.

The day after I received the book, my mate was attending the funeral of a lady, Elsie Ruby Lilian Wishart, nee White, who died at the remarkable age of 105, having been born in 1912 and wed to William James Wishart in 1940. Her parents and those of her husband had been competitors in the same trade at Moorabbin in its early days. It was Cr. Wishart who suggested a Back to Moorabbin in 1934 when Moorabbin was becoming a city!

When I came to page 39, I was blown away by the actual site of the Rudduck Veterinarian facility at Moorabbin and what was proposed to be built next door. Nelson Rudduck would probably have been involved in the protest apart from one minor detail . But before I get onto that, here's how the press regarded the veterinary station.

"Rudducks bought land at the corner of Nepean Highway and Dane Road in 1935 for the purpose of moving their veterinary hospital from Flinders Lane to that site but protests were made regarding their close proximity to the Worthing Road State School 1111, and almost a year passed by the time they were given the green light for the project. Next door to Rudducks and just as the veterinarian hospital was being prepared for its opening date in May 1936, surveyors began to lay pegs* in connection with the establishment of the English firm of W. and A. Gilbey Limited's first Australian distillery.
(* Council had approved Gilbeys plans on June 1 1935. P. 40 of above book.)

"Now the Gilbey's project came under fire from nearby residents" (and various organisations such as the Independent Order of Rechabites.)

The strange thing was that there was no similar protest when the Moorabbin Hotel opened in 1934. Was Harold Rudduck a fervent fighter for temperance like Dromana's Nelson Rudduck* who would have been rallying the Moorabbin I.O.R. members, had he not died in 1935.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Saturday 23 March 1935 p 5
Almost lifelong service was rendered to tho organisation by Mr. Nelson Rudduck, of Dromana, who died a few weeks ago.

The protests had no effect and the 1-6-1935 resolution was confirmed by council on 9-7-1935.

Graham Whitehead, the City of Kingston's historian, who used my research in THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM to write an article entitled TWO DISTINCT GOMM FAMILIES, has written an excellent article about the Gilbey's Gin plant and pinpoints its location being north of Rudducks land (fronting the highway and Dane Rd) as Gilbey's fronted Exley Rd.

It would appear that Tom Sheehy had the wrong year regarding the original approval and confirmation thereof being in 1935, based on the following paragraph in Graham's article. The official opening was on Wednesday, 3-11-1937.
"The Moorabbin Shire Council was interested in attracting industry to the municipality because industry provided employment opportunities for a growing population and strengthened the financial basis of the Council through the rates it paid. At the meeting of Council on May 18, 1936, F. N. Collins, the solicitor representing Gilbey’s, explained that the company had obtained an option to purchase land on the corner of Point Nepean Road and Exley Road and it was there the company intended to build a modern distillery. However, before committing themselves to the project they required the Council to rezone the land from its classification of residential to industrial."

It would appear from the photos in the article that the Gilbey's chimney has been demolished but every time I'm driving through Melway 77 E6, Dane Rd. will remind me of Harold Rudduck and Exley Rd of Gilbey's Gin.


In the last decade or so, the sand at Portsea's beautiful beach has completely disappeared because Jenny Warfe and her Blue Wedge coalition were ignored by both sides of politics which gave bipartisan support for lowering the rock shelf at the heads. Just after the effects of the dredging began to be noticed, a Portsea oldtimer wrote to a local paper, possibly a member of the famed Watson fishing family which had established the famed Portsea Hotel, stating that sand loss caused by the resultant swells had never been experienced before to such an extent and suggested that an artificial reef should be built. Stephen Bradford, C.E.O. of the Melbourne Port Authority could have saved Portsea's sand if he'd followed this advice but kept on trotting out the same old mantra about the sand movement being natural and having nothing to do with the dredging.

I wonder too whether George Adams was ignored. Possibly not, because the plan of the residential development planned at Tullamarine in 1958 when the jetport at Tullamarine was proposed, shows PROPOSED HIGHWAY through "Gowanbrae" (formerly Camp Hill) and Viewpoint (now owned by Stoney and Palmer.) If I remember correctly the name of the pamphlet containing this and another plan of the area was called THE CASE AGAINST A JETPORT AT TULLAMARINE. It was published by Walter V.(Major) Murphy, president of the Tullamarine Progress Association,and no doubt financed by Stanley Korman whose development stretched from Forman Street Westmeadows south to the Albion-Jacana railway line. The pamphlet was among the material I donated to the Tullamarine Library and should now be at the Hume Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows.

However the plans of Korman's development on "Gladstone", "Viewpoint" and "Gowanbrae" and other land purchased by him such as Ernie Campbell's land north of Dalkeith, Keith Campbell's Willowbank north of Broadmeadows Township and Strathconan purchased from R.Kay, (manager of Australia National Airways until Ansett bought it whose surname was originally Kowarzic) can be seen on pages 197 and 196, respectively of Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.

The PROPOSED HIGHWAY follows the exact course of the Western Ring Road and there was no land reserved for the Tullamarine Freeway so it is possible that some politician or public servant had actually taken notice of George Adams' suggestion five years earlier. See George's letter WITH HIS PLAN OF THE RING ROAD ROUTE:

The ironic thing is that I would never have found this article if I had not been looking for VIEWPOINT, BROADMEADOWS in relation to Bill Stoney who'd bought the northern half of "Viewpoint".


The photo was provided to me by Olive Nash, nee Simmons, daughter of Tullamarine's postmistress in the latter 1920's. Harry Nash's parents were probably wondering why he was so keen to check for mail at the post office so regularly. Unlike the photos that Olive provided for WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR in 1989, which were photocopied, this photo, included in EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE (CIRCA 2000) was scanned.

EventMarriage Event registration number8699 Registration year1928
Personal information
Family nameSIMMONS Given namesOlive Ricketts SexUnknown Spouse's family nameNASH Spouse's given namesHenry Alexander

Like Mary Nash, nee Gage, who married Charles Nash Snr. two years after he purchased the land on J.C.Riddell's Camieston Estate which became Fairview in 1852, Olive was doomed to a long widowhood. She was eventually forced to leave the farm by the noise and dust when the Bayview Quarry across Nash's lane opened. This quarry later became the Cleanaway Waste Treatment facility at Melway 5 D-F 5,6.

Riddell called his land the Cameiston Estate. The land between Victoria and Wright Sts was called Block A and was purchased in 5 acre lots by Charles Nash (about 77 acres plus about 20 acres near the creek), George Goodwin (about 40 acres), James and John Anderson (27 acres) and Thomas Purvis (13 ½ acres). Charles Nash called his farm Fairview. On 29-4-1859, Nash sold about 20 acres east of his homestead and fronting Riddell St to fellow Wesleyan, Wallis Wright, who established Sunnyside.
Charles Nash called his farm Fairview and the family lived here for over a century until after Harry Nash’s death, when Harry’s widow, Olive, could no longer stand the dust caused by the nearby Bayview Quarry. Charles also established Bayview on section 3 and had a block near the Mansfields Rd corner for spelling dry cows. Descendants of Charles and Mary (nee Gage) occupied land on Sharps Rd and Fosters Rd as well. (See Doutta Galla volume.)

The Fairview homestead is labelled 40 in the photo attached to my journal about the field day at Tullamarine in 1935, which includes more detail about the Nash family. Wallis Wright's "Sunnyside" homestead is labelled 41.


I often refer to this map. When I left Tullamarine for Rosebud, along with several parish maps and documents such as the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970 and the Tullamarine Progress Association proposal of 1926 to relocate the Newmarket Saleyards to Tullamarine, it was left in the custody of the Hume Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows. When Dr. Arun Chandu was writing his thesis on the planning of the airport he was not able to access much of my material so I hope the library has now lifted its game.


The following article was found in an attempt to find how early Sam Merrifield had resided in Tullamarine, the trove search terms used being POULTRY, TULLAMARINE.

Part of the social fabric of areas beyond the urban fringe was the Young Farmers' Club. Schoolchildren were encouraged to improve their knowledge of farming through events such as the reported field day and activities at school such as illustrated in this photo:

Farmer's wives were provided with social interaction through the Country Womens' Association or in this case the women's section of the Victorian Farmer's Union, the branch strangely called the Essendon branch and the meeting held at my great uncle's farm, Glenview" on the south side of Annandale Rd between Steeles Creek and the descent to the Arundel creek. W.S., V.F.U.

Tullamarine was still a quiet farming community in 1935 and continued to be so until the mid 1950's, when Caterpillar established its factory. The only shop in that era was the Green's Corner store at the junction of today's Melrose Drive and Mickleham Rd, established by Cec. and Lily Green in the former Junction Hotel which had been closed down in (1929?), mainly due to the urging of Tommy Loft whose "Dalkeith" was just across the road, and later owned by Leslie King Dawson after whom Dawson St was named. The last owner of Dalkeith was Percy Hurren, postmaster at Jones Corner Mooorooduc in 1950 who had occupied the property in 1951, immediately joining the Tullamarine Progress Association which he later assured that Caterpillar would be good for the area.

The centre of population was up Melrose Drive (known successively as Mt Macedon/ Deep Creek/ Bulla Rd and later Lancefield Rd) because of two subdivisions circa 1850 by John Pascoe Fawkner (on the Keilor side) and John Carre Riddell after whom Riddells Creek was named. Part of Riddell's grants between Bulla Rd and Derby St was divided into one acre blocks as far north as Nash's Lane (part of which is now called Mercer Drive.)Apart from these acre blocks in what was called Hamilton Terrace (after Riddell's partner)there were blocks of about 7 acres except for Glendewar and Chandos, large farms fronting the Moonee Ponds Creek on Riddell's land between the roads to Bulla and Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows south of Kenny St.)

J.F.L.Foster leased and then sold portions of section 3 south of the Derby St. corner on both sides of Bulla Rd as well as donating land for the Wesleyan school. David William O'Niall's LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL, and the 33 acre "BROOMBANK" (which my great grandfather leased 1867-1882)were on the Broadmeadows side of the road with Millar Rd being the driveway of the farm. (When the hotel was burnt down, John Beech's BEECH TREE HOTEL was built on the south east corner of Fawkner's subdivision just north of opposite today's Melrose Drive Reserve.) Today's Trade Park Industrial Estate was sold by Foster to purchasers who were mainly Methodists, such as Ann Parr and Charles Nash, who owned much of it, which he called "Bayview". Charles donated the land for the Tullamarine Methodist Church, built 1870, which stood for over a century between Trade Park Drive and Post Office Lane (opposite the Derby St. corner.) Its stained glass window are now in the Uniting Church in Carrick Drive, Gladstone Park.

The first schools were the Wesleyan School fronting the inside angle of the bend in the Melrose Drive service road/ Cherie St, and the Seafield school on the south side of Grants Lane at Melway 4 J6, many of whose pupils lived on J.P.Fawkner's subdivision straddling Mansfields Rd. In 1884, these were replaced by Tullamarine State School 2613 on the north corner of Conders Lane and Bulla Rd, top of Melway 5 F9.

The next major subdivision was the Arundel Closer Settlement west of the start of Steeles Creek on Annandale Rd from about 1906. Apart from today's Arundel Farm, these farms consisted of roughly 100 acres except for smaller blocks on Browns Rd near the Arundel bridge. This land had been bought from the estate of William Taylor of Arundel, as was the Overnewton Closer Settlement near St Albans. Land had also been resumed by the Crown at Avondale Heights.

Children on the Arundel Closer Settlement went to school at Keilor or Conders Lane. Those nearer the latter would take a beeline through paddocks to and from school but had to watch out for snakes in the fields of hay. By 1935, because motor vehicles were starting to replace horses, the demand for hay dropped, with pig and poultry farming becoming more common.

In the 1950's Mansfield's Triangle (bounded by Sharps Rd, Bulla Rd and Broadmeadows Rd) was subdivided, many of the purchasers being immigrants attracted by employment offered by Caterpillar, and the ESSENDON Drive In (now Forum Place etc. south of Camp Hill Park, and so-named because hardly anybody knew where Tullamarine was)was established on the north end of Gowanbrae, formerly Camp Hill. In the 1930's Ray Loft (son of Tommy and father of Gordon)who'd married Maggie Millar and had been leasing Broombank from David O'Niall's daughters (who'd watched the Burke and Wills expedition passing in 1860, gazing in awe through the Cape Broom hedge)purchased the farm after their death; he subdivided this property in 1952 with Walter V.(Major)Murphy buying the block north of Northedge.

At the end of the decade Fawkner's subdivision and GOWRIE PARK, GLENDEWAR etc. to the north, were purchased for airport purposes (the school being relocated to the Dalkeith Avenue Corner and the War Memorial, later, by Major Murphy),and Tommy Loft's 40 acre subdivision on Dalkeith, Broadmeadows Rd, Eumarella St and Gordon St (named after Tommy's grandson) was attracting buyers at last. Also houses in Theresa St. were built for Americans constructing the Airport. What was left of Percy Hurren's farm became the Broadwood Park Estate but it was not until the mid 1970's that the bridge linking the two ends of Dawson St was built. John Denham's farm north of Dalkeith became Catherine Avenue.

The Junction Hotel was closed down because of riotous behaviour. One of its patrons was Squizzy Taylor. After it had become Cec. and Lily Green's store a retired policeman visited and told them about the hotel being raided in an attempt to arrest Squizzy, who escaped with shots being fired by the police. He told them there might be something related to this incident and very quickly found a bullet lodged in a door which the Greens had never noticed.(Communicated by a Green descendant decades ago.)

The Field Day.
The file for the Mc volume of my dictionary history of Tullamarine and miles around can be supplied to any McNab researchers if they request it in a FTC private message supplying their email address. Keith McNab supplied much information to me from 1988, that would never have been found in rate books or newspapers.

At the south corner of Grants Lane and Bulla Rd,(now the bend in Melrose Drive in Melway 5 D6, the east end of Grants Rd having been renamed)was a farm named Ecclesfield of 101 acres which remained intact for many decades having been part of Fawkner's subdivision. The Ellis family owned this and built several houses inside the bend which became known as Ellis's corner. Ecclesfield and the major (450 acre) portion of Gowrie Park were purchased from Bill Ellis circa 1960 for airport purposes. Young Vivienne Ellis became Vivienne Sutherland who was a wonderful worker for Tullamarine Primary School when I was teaching there 1971-3. She and her sister (Mrs Schwartz) were living next to each other opposite the Methodist church in 1988 when I started my Tullamarine research and supplied much information. Another Ellis family,of Greek ancestry, lived between Nash's Lane and Glendewar and were related by marriage to the owners in the 1950's of Glendewar (the anonymous charity workers discussed in another journal.)

There were only three results on trove for ELLIS, TULLAMARINE but enough to remind me that the Greek Ellis family included Peter and Paul and that the related family next door (to the north west on Glendewar) was named Chambers. This property was shown on the airport acquisitions map provided to me by the Department of Civil Aviation, which I donated to the Hume Global Learning Centre when I moved from Tullamarine to Rosebud.

As I was only concerned with which pioneers lived where during my research circa 1988, the only genealogy I included was volunteered by such as Keith McNab. Perhaps this deficiency can be remedied regarding Vivienne's family.

When I tried an ELLIS, GRANTS ROAD search, my memory of the multiple initials of Vivienne Sutherland's father on the acquisitions map (re Ecclesfield and the southern 460 acres of Gowrie Park) was refreshed. I had wrongly assumed that Vivienne told me that he arrived in Tullamarine in 1943 but that was probably when he bought the land on the north side of Grants Lane. A stock report (P.12, Argus,31-7-1935)confirms that he was known as Bill and that he was on Ecclesfield by 1935.

MARY ELLIS Formerly of 160 Hampton Street Hampton But Late of Corio Street, Shepparton Widow Deceased - After fourteen clear days Alfred Henry William Ellis of Grants road Tullamarine farmer and Eric Clive* Ellis of 23
Carrier street Benalla dry cleaner the executors appointed by deceased's will dated the 21st day of December 1936 will APPLY to the Supreme Court of Victoria for PROBATE thereof. (P.19, Argus, 30-5-1951.)

*Eric Clive's birth record seems to indicate that his and A.H.W.'s father, William, could had married a city girl (Mary)from the Brighton/Hampton area. (However as revealed later, she was born at Crossover near Warragul.)
EventBirth Event registration number26107 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameELLIS Given namesEric Clive SexUnknown Father's nameWm Mother's nameMary (Lancaster) Place of birthBRTON

A.H.W.Ellis was very much older than Eric and had been born at Warragul.
EventDeath Event registration number11284 Registration year1959
Personal information
Family nameELLIS Given namesAlfred Henry William SexMale Father's nameELLIS William Mother's nameMary (Lancaster) Place of birthWARRAGUL Place of deathTULLAMARINE Age72

It is of interest that the surname LANCASTER has been noted in Greenvale's early history. However that was not where Vivienne's paternal grandmother, Mary, was born. Where the heck was Crossover? Mary's death record.

EventDeath Event registration number19474 Registration year1951
Personal information
Family nameELLIS Given namesMary SexFemale Father's nameLANCASTER Henry Mother's nameMary (Wilkinson) Place of birthCROSSOVER Place of deathSHEPPARTON Age80

Crossover is north of Warragul, a 12 minute drive (13.7 km) via Old Telegraph Rd E and Brandy Creek Rd/C425.

The Bonds were early pioneers of Greenvale,William recalled by Bonds Lane on Machell's 1850's subdivision between Section and Mickleham Rds. John Bond owned a property called "Fairview" which was roughly Melway 179 B-C 7-11 and years later the climb past Fairview up Somerton Rd to Wal French's dairy farm on the right and Hughie Williamson's Dunvegan on the left on the way to school 890 at Section Rd was known to kids as Bond's Hill.

The judge from Dandenong at the field day was probably the son of John Bond whose obituary follows. Like John McKerchar of "Greenvale" (after whose farm the southern portion of the parish of Yuroke was named)and Donald McKerchar of "Greenan", John Bond benefited from the breeding stock of the McNabs and Grants of section 8 in the parish of Tullamarine at the south corner of Grants and McNabs Rds.

The funeral of the late Mr. John Bond, of Greenvale, Broadmeadows (who was killed at his own gate by a buggy accident),took place on Monday afternoon, the remains being interred in the Bulla Cemetery. A large concourse attended, including Mr Gair, M L A, Councillor A Tait(of the City Council), and Mr John Grant(the veteran Ayrshire breeder). The Rev.H. Richardson of the local Methodist Church conducted an impressive service at the house and grave. Mr. Bond was a colonist of 53 years' standing, and was widely known as a successful breeder of
Ayrshire cattle and a popular judge at agricultural shows. (P.5, Argus, 2-12-1902.)

I am sure that John's property was called Fairview in Broadmeadows Shire rate records but it may have actually been FAIRFIELD.

THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SHOW.-To-day, the weather has been very fine, and consequently there has been a large attendance for the closing day of the Royal Agricultural and Pastoral Society's show.The milch cow prizes, about which great interest is now taken, were made known today. The first prize (£10 10s) went to Mr. John Bond's Fairfield, Greenvale, Ayrshire cow, Annie,(etc.)PAGE 3, BENDIGO ADVERTISER, 6-9-1897.)

John had married Mary Ann Cuthbert in 1869. The Cuthberts would have been early residents of Providence Plains, Machell's subdivision between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd and another Cuthbert girl had become Mrs Papworth, the Papworths moving to Greenvale from J.P.Fawkner's subdivision near Mansfields Rd, Tullamarine well before Greenvale was called Greenvale and becoming stalwarts of the heritage listed Methodist church in Providence Lane.

EventMarriage Event registration number1040 Registration year1869
Personal information
Family nameCUTHBERT Given namesMary Ann SexUnknown Spouse's family nameBOND Spouse's given namesJohn

This is almost certainly the birth record of Mr.J.Bond of Dandenong, the judge at the field day at Tullamarine in 1935. He was on Fairfield in 1907 after his father's death but by 1912, Fairfield was occupied by a Mr Forster (perhaps from near Forster Rd near Dandenong.)

EventBirth Event registration number25621 Registration year1873
Personal information
Family nameBOND Given namesJohn SexUnknown Father's nameJohn Mother's nameMary Ann (Cuthbert) Place of birthMELB N

EXCEL (sic).
Tommy Loft subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage of the 200 acre "Dalkeith" soon after moving to Tullamarine from Greenvale, (obviously before 1924 when he convened the meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was convened.) However in 1930 and 1943 the only names assessed in the 40 acre subdivision were LOFT, EXELL and SCOONES. Ray Loft*, who'd married Maggie Millar a Greenvale girl, had built a Californian bungalow at 3 Eumarella St, Tullamarine and farmed "Broombank" near Millar Rd as mentioned earlier, while Tommy used the site of today's Tullamarine Primary School to conduct auctions. Apart from the above named Loft in-laws, the first real buyers on the subdivision were the Lloyd brothers who'd come to the area in about 1920 to share farm with the Orrs north of Broadmeadows Township. Jim Scoones' wife, Doris, was an esteemed teacher at the Tullamarine Methodist Sunday School and ended the wowserish Methodist traditions with her concerts performed at the Forresters' Hall in Broadmeadows Township. The remaining 160 acres of Dalkeith were owned by Leslie King Dawson in 1943 and Percy Hurren in 1954 but the Scoones and Excells continued the Loft family presence at Tullamarine. Here Tommy's death notice.

LOFT.-On June 1, Thomas B.. beloved husband of Clara*, father of Hazel (Mrs.Exell), Doris (Mrs. Scoones), Raymond*, and Harold, aged 79 years. (Privately Interred.)PAGE 9, ARGUS, 4-6-1947.

Hazel's marriage record.
EventMarriage Event registration number2636 Registration year1923
Personal information
Family nameLOFT Given namesHazel Phyllis SexUnknown Spouse's family nameEXCELL Spouse's given namesJos Danl Pryse

Ray Loft's son, Gordon after whom Gordon Street was named.
LOFT (nee Maggie Millar).-On the 1st February, at Sister Davies's private hospital, Scott street,Essendon, to Mr.and Mrs. Ray Loft, Wahroonga,Tullamarine-a son (Gordon Raymond).PAGE 56, THE AUSTRALASIAN, 16-2-1929.

As I have never mentioned Tommy Loft's wife, here's her death record and probably birth record.
EventDeath Event registration number8248 Registration year1949
Personal information
Family nameLOFT Given namesClara SexFemale Father's nameBRADLEY Unknown Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birthMELBOURNE Place of deathMORANG SOUTH Age82

EventBirth Event registration number16720 Registration year1867
Personal information
Family nameBRADLEY Given namesClara SexUnknown Father's nameEdward Mother's nameSophia Caroline (Standeven) Place of birthMELB

Alma* Koch was living at Forman St, Westmeadows in 1988 when she told me that her father, Mark Cooper, had married a Nash girl. She didn't mention his suicide. Coopers Hill Drive, formerly Black St, in Westmeadows was named in honour of Mark Cooper, an early resident of Broadmeadows Township.

COOPER.— The Friends of the late Mr. MARK COOPER are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the New Melbourne General Cemetery, Fawkner. The funeral will leave his residence. "Hill View," Broadmeadows,this day, (Wednesday), at 2 o'clock.(P.12, The Age, 31-12-1919.)

*Alma's birth record.
EventBirth Event registration number26158 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameCOOPER Given namesAlma Flor SexUnknown Father's nameMark Mother's nameEllen (Nash) Place of birthBROADMEADOWS

By 1930, J.C.Maher had replaced the Williamsons on lots 7 and 8 of the Arundel Closer Settlement. Consisting of 199 acres 3 roods and 9 perches, the farm fronted the north side of Annandale Rd from the bend at the right hand side of Melway 15 A1, extending west to the right side of 14J1, its western boundary having a bend so it had a creek frontage. Operations Rd. is today just within its northern boundary.Trove indicates that the Mahers had moved onto the farm by 1924 and their children included a boy (L.Maher) and daughters Irene and Betty.

The Mansfields purchased several blocks on J.P.Fawkner's subdivision of section 13, bisected (but not for long because of airport expansion) by Mansfields Rd. After about 90 years, the farm was sold, probably because demand for hay and Clydesdales had declined. Wally Mansfield was living near the Niddrie Shopping Centre when I interviewed him in 1988. He supplied some terrific anecdotes, which enabled me to write the poems, THE STUDEBAKER, THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON, DEATH AT BERTRAMS FORD and RITCHIE'S FOE. The first was about a car bought by the McNabs, tamed by Wally, used during the Royal Melbourne Show every year and then place on blocks till the next show. The second was about two quarreling Mansfield brothers who were told by the judge to shake hands and have a beer together; from that time on they never argued again. The third was about the tragedy of 1906. Neil Hamilton Mansfield has produced the 700+ page THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY including RITCHIE'S FOE.

As mentioned previously the south end of Victoria St, known to Tullamarine old timers as Nash's Lane,is now called Mercer's Drive. I thought this name might have been connected with Mercer's Vale, later renamed Beveridge after Peter Beveridge, an early settler near Mount Fraser. However George Mercer of Edinburgh did not seem to have come to Australia and was the home-based representative of the Port Phillip Association who lobbied the authorities in London in the mid 1830's. However Mercer's Vale was probably related to his two shares in the association's carve up of the land specified in John Batman's treaty.

The land between Charles Nash's "Fairview" and Bulla Rd was sold by John Carre Riddell to several purchasers including the Andersons. It may be possible that a Mercer family came into possession of this land.I did not come across the surname in my transcriptions of Broadmeadows Shire rate records, but as these were only transcribed in 1863, 1879, 1900, 1920, and 1940, not all residents east of Bulla Rd were transcribed.

William Mercer of Bulla Road, Tullamarine was charged with being an unlicensed dairyman in 1933! You'll see why I didn't copy and paste the article.

P.23.Tom Morgan, a carpenter, came from England in 1924 and settled on "Wattle Glen, recently vacated by Mick Corrigan, which was accessed via Elizabeth St. in Broadmeadows Township. His first job was building new pews in the Presbyterian church in Coghill St.Later he worked on the new theatre in Leake St, North Essendon. A year or so later (by 1930), Tom and his wife, a Lloyd, moved to Stone's 27.5 acre farm which surrounded the S.S. 2613 site at the Conders Lane corner and was later Joseph Wood's and then Mrs J.Carter's. Later the Morgans moved to a 2 acre site, which is now filled with home units on the north west side of the Melrose Drive reserve. Joyce Morgan lives in a road frontage unit. The Morgans were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist Church and had a whole shed full of newspapers collected to boost the organ fund.As the church seemed doomed, this paper was put to good use in about 1973 when I started the Kindergarten paper drive.

P.27.After only four members had attended the Tullamarine Progress Association meeting of 13-10-1945 cast doubts about the body's future, Tom Morgan was one of the new members who joined.
P.28. The 1948-9 Broadmeadows ratebook shows that the only residents on the east side of Bulla Rd between Greens Corner and Nash's Lane were Cec and Lily Green, Ray Loft on Broombank which he subdivided in 1952, Andrew Craig on a triangular block on the south corner of Derby St, E.T.Morgan on 2 acres to which he'd moved in 1938 plus Handlen's acre which is now part of the reserve, Ina Henderson on 20 acres, Harry Heaps on Sunnyside, Marshall (34 acres), Bert Anderson (40 acres), Lily Walsh (20 acres)and the Nash family on Fairview.
P.32-3. 1958. A special service was held at the Tullamarine Methodist Church to dedicate stained-glass windows donated by the families of Bill and Sam Parr and Edgar Wright, and installed by Tom Morgan and Harry Nash.

Tom (obviously not his first given name given the above assessment)must have been a reader of The Age. Joyce was a member of the Junior Section by 1941 and won a prize in 1943.
Prizes of Junior Section Propelling Pencils awarded for the palindrome puzzle which closed on Tuesday were won by JIM HAMILTON. TONGALA and JOYCE MORGAN. TULLAMARINE. (P.5, The Age, 5-2-1943.)

From DHOTAMA page F2.
Charles Nash, a native of Cambridge, England, came to Victoria in 1849, spent a year as a farm labourer with Mr Riley of Saltwater River, and was then at the diggings for about two years, settling on his homestead, "Fairview" in 1852. In 1854, he married Mary (nee Gage) who had just arrived in the colony and whose family became early residents of Broadmeadows Township.Recently widowed in 1888, Mary was carrying on the hay growing and dairying business. Charles and Mary had three sons and six daughters who survived.( Information from Victoria and its Metropolis and Alma Koch, their grand daughter.)

CHARLES NASH was one of the early pioneers of Tullamarine, establishing Fairview on the east side of Victoria St. in 1852, on land in sections 6 and 15 that he bought from John Carre Riddell. In 1868, he bought Bayview, which includes Catherine Ave. and the Trade Park Industrial Park from John Foster Vesey Fitzgerald (the grantee of section 3, formerly known as John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster). A staunch Methodist, he sold land at the n/e corner on which the Methodist church was built in 1870. From early times he also owned about 20 acres, which was used to spell dry cows, near the s/w corner of McNabs Rd. and Mansfield Rd.
THOMAS NASH, who mainly farmed south of Sharps Rd. in the parish of Doutta Galla, leased James Sharp’s Hillside (Caterpillar site and westwards to creek) near the turn of the 20th century and by 1913 had bought land west of Fosters Rd near Annandale Rd. and land on the east side of Fosters Rd. just south of the Crottys’ Broomfield. Thomas, Arthur and Bernard were three members of this branch of the family. Joe Butler, whose mother was a Harrick, told me that there were two Nash houses on the east side of Fosters Rd. One was between Elata Dr. and the creek while the other was near the bend in Fosters Rd. (near Ascot Dr.) There were also two houses on the west side of Fosters Rd. One still stands just north of the Keilor Botanical gardens on the old Moonya dairy and the other was the Chesterfield homestead on Annandale Rd., just west of the present “Discount Freight Parcel Distribution” as shown in Melway edition 26. In 1913, Thomas and Arthur Nash were assessed on 165 acres of land in the Tullamarine Riding. It was specified as being in section 2 of the parish of Tullamarine and probably included Chesterfield.
In 1941 Claude Butler bought the 189 acres that the Nash family had owned on Fosters Rd. He later bought Chesterfield from the Loft family of Dalkeith. Chesterfield consisted of 44 acres north of a westerly extension of Sharps Rd. with Steele Creek on the west and Annandale Rd. forming its northern boundary.

From the journal whose link can be found under WRIGHT.
Members of the Gage family buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery and date of burial:
ANN STEWART, 18-5-1867; ELIZABETH, 21-8-1889; GOUGH, 6-10-1870; JANE, 14-11-1914; RICHARD,28-12-1895;
RICHARD, 9-11-1915; RICHARD,3-3-1937.

G.Charles Nash,who came to Victoria in 1849 and established his farm "Fairview", the so called VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD*, married Mary Gage in 1854 so it can be presumed that the Gage family was living in Broadmeadows Township by that time. Mary carried on the dairying and hay growing on Fairview, and Bayview (see COUSER above) after the death of Charles at 58 on 19-8-1884, and died at the age of 83 on 21-2-1919.
(*Google VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD to get the ON MY DOORSTEP article and add TARDIS to get the archeological assessment.)

It is possible that the longtime Gage residence in the township was on lots 4 and 5 of section 24,on which Hugh Gage was assessed in 1920, a half acre fronting Grundy St at its junction with Bent St. Harry Heaps who arrived in Tullamarine in 1923 as a 14 year old and lived on Wallis Wright's old Sunnyside between Fairview and Wright St,told me that Dicky Gage was renowned throughout the district as a haystack builder and didn't mind a drink or six.

Hugh Gage was one of four township residents given work in the 1892 depression by Broady Shire.(BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

EventDeath Event registration number1602 Registration year1919
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameGage Richd Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathEssdon Age81

NASH -On the 21st February at her daughter's residence (Mrs Kelly), Mount Alexander road, Moonee Ponds, Mary, relict of the late Charles Nash, Tullamarine, aged 82 years. Peace, perfect peace.

NASH. The Friends of the late Mrs. MARY NASH are respectfully invited to follow her remains to their last resting place, the Bulla Cemetery.
The funeral will move from her old residence,Mr.C.Nash's* "Fairview", Tullamarine, tomorrow (Sunday, February 23). at 2 o'clock.(BOTH P.13, Argus, 22-2-1919.)
*Charles Nash Jnr.

I can't remember whether I've confirmed that Thomas Nash of Fosters Rd was a member of the Fairview family so I'd better do it here.

NASH.-On February 11, Thomas, the dearly beloved husband of the late Edith Nash, late of Keilor, and loving father of Arthur, Charles, Thomas, George, Gladys(Mrs. H Martyn), Bernard, and Lillian(deceased) aged 88 years. -At rest. (P.19, Argus, 12-2-1947.)

EventDeath Event registration number1627 Registration year1947
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesThomas SexMale Father's nameNASH Charles Mother's nameMary (Gage) Place of birthTULLAMARINE Place of deathROYAL PARK Age88


This will be a marathon effort because I have been mystified by the various Wright families in Tullamarine for 29 years knowing only that Joseph and Bernard Wright (relatives of Gordon Wright, headmaster of the Tullamarine Primary School in the latter 1970's)of Seafield circa 1929 were unrelated to the Wrights of Sunnyside, Viewpoint and Strathconnan. I did receive a letter from a Wright descendant which I used to write a handwritten history of THE wRIGHT FAMILY OF TULLAMARINE which was among my material donated to the Hume Global Learning Centre and was used by Tardis for its archeological survey of the VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD (basically about Charles Nash's Fairview and Wallis Wright's Sunnyside.)

I will therefore start with Kitty Wright, a prize winner at the 1935 field day. Her brother, whom I will call YOUNG TOM (as oldtimers did) for reasons you will see later, indicated that his little sister was born in about August 1922. He was living on Viewpoint between today's Mickleham Rd (from the north boundary of Camp Hill Park to the Lackenheath Drive corner) and Moonee Ponds Creek.

Dear Queen Bee, — We will soon be starting harvesting again. The crops are looking well. We had Bird Day at school on October 26, and each child had to draw a bird. We have a little sister, 16 months old. She is a
little trick, and she says everything you say. Her name is Kitty. Will you please let her join the Hive. I
am sending 6d. for a badge. We had our school picnic on October 17 at Keilor. I won 3/, so John and I are
sending 5/ for the cot fund. — Your loving bee,
TOM WRIGHT (9 years.)PAGE 10, FARMERS' ADVOCATE, 28-12-1923.

My great grandfather, John Cock, farmed Stewarton/ Gladstone, the property north of Viewpoint from 1892 till his death at the end of 1911. He also leased Viewpoint from Edmund Dunn's estate, later sharing the lease with OLD TOM.

WRIGHT-COCK. On the 11th June, 1913, at Christ Church Essendon by the Rev Whitton, Thomas Henry, son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright late of Tullamarine to Catherine Eliza daughter of the late John and Elizabeth Cock late of Gladstone Broadmeadows (Present address, View Point Tullamarine.) (P.8, Argus, 11-6-1930.)

My recent journal PHOTO OF CHARLES NASH'S FAIRVIEW AT TULLAMARINE gives the exact date of Charles Nash's sale of 20 acres fronting the west side of Wright St (Riddell Rd on the Camieston Estate plan)to Wallis Wright. I thought I'd try to find any mentions of Wallis Wright before that date but before I refined my trove search to the 1850's, I discovered that Wallis's grandson, Wallis Wright, had drowned at Frankston in 1925, yet another merging of the historIES of Tullamarine and miles around and the Mornington Peninsula. The article mentioned that Fred Wright's son was partly paralysed. Fred Nash's biography is in VICTORIA: PAST AND PRESENT (1888)but I have no idea where I would have transcribed it as I only got up to the Mc volume in DHOTAMA. However my 25+ year old memories recall that he was apprenticed to blacksmith, William Munsie, and later bought his business, working with his brother Ted until the latter set up on the north corner of Black St (now Coopers Hill Drive) in Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows south of Kenny St) as a coachbuilder. Fred's forge was on Hamilton Terrace blocks, on the north east side of today's Melrose Drive near the present Link Rd corner.

EventDeath Event registration number1567 Registration year1925
Personal information
Family nameWRIGHT Given namesWallis SexMale Father's nameWRIGHT Frederick Mother's nameWillhemina (Gardner) Place of birth Place of deathFRANKSTON Age37

Man Drowned at Frankston
Early this (Wednesday) morning Wallis Wright, aged 38, of 14 Mackey street, Essendon, was drowned while bathing at Frankston, at a point on the bay opposite Beach street. Wright only arrived in Frankston yesterday afternoon, on a visit to friends residing at "Penzance," Frankston. This morning, at 6 o'clock, he left the house in bathing suit and boots only, he was unaccompanied, and was not seen in the water alive. About 7 a.m., some people passing along the beach saw a body floating. They called for assistance and the body was pulled out of the water. Mr. McIntosh, dentist, came on the scene and endeavoured to restore life by the usual methods. Dr. Johnson was sent for, and pronounced life to be extinct. Senior-Constable Elliott had the body removed to the Pier Hotel, where an inquiry will be held. Deceased has been identified as Wallis Wright. Wright, who was a single man, was a cripple, being paralysed on one side. It is surmised that he went in to swim in a fairly rough sea; that he was knocked, over, by the waves and in,his crippled condition was unable to regain his feet.
(P.5, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 21-1-1925.)

I already knew that Wallis Wright had married Mary Bateson but wrongly thought that they had married in 1854 so when I searched for Mary's marriage record, I discovered that a Mary Bateson had married Robert Anderson in 1854. Perhaps this Robert Anderson was a member of the Anderson family which bought a fair amount of land between Charles Nash's purchase on Block A of the Camieston Estate and Bulla Rd., maybe even Robert Foster Anderson,whose biography was in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS (1888)and who later moved to Greenvale,and his wife was the widowed mother of the other Mary Bateson, and this would explain why Wallis and his wife moved to Tullamarine about two years after their marriage.

EventMarriage Event registration number1243 Registration year1856
Personal information
Family nameWRIGHT Given namesWallis SexMale Spouse's family nameBATESON Spouse's given namesMary

Mary died in 1910 and had been a colonist for 54 or maybe 56 years. I believe that Frank Wright was on the 140 acre Strathconan by 1910, having married Jessie T. Rowe, a teacher who transferred from the Holden School (Melway 176 B11) to Tullamarine S.S. 2613 (Melway 5 F9) by 1906 (in 1903?*) when she had the sad task of telling her pupils of the Mansfield drownings at Bertram's Ford.

*It really annoys me when I can't find an article which I know perfectly well is on trove. A Holden School 1903 search worked.
Miss Rowe, the new teacher, was tendered a complimentary social on leaving the Holden school for Tullamarine.--'Essendon Gazette.' (P.2, The Sunbury News, 25-4-1903.)

I also hadn't found the article about Jessie leaving the Tullamarine school but having found the year of her marriage to Frank helped this time.

WRIGHT.—On the 17th September, at the residence of her son, "Strathconon," Broadmeadows-road, Tullamarine, Mary, relict of the late Wallis Wright,Surrey Sid.(Sunnyside), Tullamarine, aged 80 years. A colonist of 5[] years.

Mary's death record shows that the other Mary Bateson was not her mother.
EventDeath Event registration number8061 Registration year1910
Personal information
Family nameWRIGHT Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameBateson Jno Mother's nameElizth (Salmon) Place of birth Place of deathBmdws Age80

EventMarriage Event registration number5670 Registration year1908
Personal information
Family nameROWE Given namesJessie Thomson SexUnknown Spouse's family nameWRIGHT Spouse's given namesFrank

Jessie died in 1935, probably at a hospital.
EventDeath Event registration number6724 Registration year1935
Personal information
Family nameWRIGHT Given namesJessie Thompson SexFemale Father's nameROWE John Henry Mother's nameCath (Mcivor) Place of birth Place of deathPRAHRAN Age63

WRIGHT.—On tho 30th July at the Alfred Hospital, Jessie Thompson, beloved wife of Frank Wright, Tullamarine, and loving mother of Mary (Mrs Barwick, Glen Iris), Harry and Alex. (Private interment.)P.1. ARGUS, 31-7-1935.

Frank died the year before Jessie. It is confirmed that he was the son of Wallis and Mary but not that he was on Strathconan in 1910 when his mother died.

WRIGHT.— On the 22nd April, Frank, second son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright, Tullamarine. (Interred Bulla Cemetery, April 23.) P.13, ARGUS, 25-4-1936.

Finally we get a family notice with information about probably all the children of Wallis and Mary Wright, most likely in order of birth. Edgar was known to oldtimers such as Jack Hoctor as Ted.

WRIGHT.-On the 6th August (result of accident), John Walter loving husband of Anna Mary Wright, Northcote avenue, Canterbury, eldest son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright, of Tullamarine, brother of Frank, Frederick, Elizabeth (Mrs. Furphy, deceased), Herbert, Edgar, Wallis, Gertrude (Mrs. Doery), and Thomas, aged 73 years.(P.13, Argus, 9-8-1930.)

Wallis Wright obviously had an older brother called John* as John's eldest son, Thomas (Old Thomas as stated below), was married in 1874. North Pole Rd was the original name of Milleara Rd from Keilor Rd to Buckley St. The Bennetts and Harraps were among several pioneers near Tullamarine who moved to the Mornington area.

WRIGHT-BENNETT [Golden Wedding].-On the 5th August, 1874, at the Presbyterian Manse,Essendon, by the Rev. W. Fraser, Thomas,eldest son of late John and Ann Wright, Tullamarine, to Elizabeth, second daughter of late
William and Elizabeth Bennett, of Euroke(colonists). (Present address, North Pole road,Keilor.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 August 1924 p 11

*The Broadmeadows road Board assessment of 1863 listed the following as ratepayers: W.Wright. T.Wright and J.Wright. Charles Nash also had a brother named John.
While looking for this evidence in TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT that Wallis may have had brothers at Tullamarine in the early days, I stumbled on the information provided in a letter from a descendant.

"THOMAS HENRY WRIGHT who was born in about 1876 married Kate Cock in 1913, Thomas Henry being the son of Wallis. Thomas Henry and Kate had three children: Tom (who married Flo Peachey*), John, and Kitty, who married John Ellis and lives in Turramurra, N.S.W."

Confirmation of the above.
WRIGHT On September 20,at his daughter's residence, 5 Williamson avenue, Strathmore, Thomas Henry, formerly of View Point, Tullamarine, beloved husband of the late Catherine and loving father of Tom, John and Kitty (Mrs J. Ellis) (Private interment.)PAGE 19, ARGUS, 21-9-1954.

*From c.1920 Stephen Peachey from today's Hadfield had a 6 acre dairy near Boyse Court which was subdivided by Snowy Boyce.
See the letter to Queen Bee by Tom Wright(9)about Kitty and his brother John and their parents' marriage record in italics above in reference to the information in bold type just above.

"Old Tom who married a Bennett started sharing John Cock's lease on Viewpoint about five years after Cock commenced his lease on Stewarton/ Gladstone in 1892-3. Young Tom, as Colin Williams referred to Thomas Henry Wright, was the one who bought Strathconan (the southern 142 acres of Chandos)in 1907-8 and in 1920 was farming Strathconan and the northern 159 acre northern portion of Viewpoint WITH HIS BROTHER, FRANK."

Thomas Wright, the one assessed in 1863, appears to have married a sister of Mary Bateson whom Wallis married.
EventDeath Event registration number7973 Registration year1860
Personal information
Family nameWRIGHT Given namesJohn Thomas SexUnknown Father's nameThomas Mother's nameElizabeth (Bateson) Place of birthTUL Place of death

This would explain why he was sharing the lease on Viewpoint with John Cock from about 1898.My great grandfather, John Cock farmed Broombank (Melway 5 H11) from 1867 till 1882, then either Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill or Springbank (6 A-C 3,4) until 1892-3 when he started leasing Stewarton whose name changed to Gladstone the following year. While researching the 1880's rates, I discovered that Thomas Wright was farming on James Pattison's 186 acre grant at Greenvale (178 K10)and leasing 63 acres (178 H10) from James Musgrove.

This might explain why he started leasing Viewpoint with John Cock.

NOTICE to CREDITORS -Notice is hereby given, that THOMAS WRIGHT, of Greenvale,near Broadmeadows, in the state of Victoria, farmer and grazier, has by deed dated the thirteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred and
one, convened and assigned all his estate, property, and effects whatsoever and wheresoever to Edward William Small, of No. 31 Queen street, Melbourne, in the said state, accountant, in trust for realisatlon and otherwise for the benefit of all the creditors of the said Thomas Wright, as in the said deed mentioned.etc.
(P.9, Argus, 16-2-1901.)

Generation 1- ANN PARR.
PARR -On the 28th inst., at her residence, Elm Farm, Tullamarine, Mrs Ann Parr, aged 72. Her end was peace.
(P.1, Argus, 30-1-1879.)

EventDeath Event registration number1837 Registration year1879
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesAnne SexUnknown Father's nameHanger Mother's name Place of birthDEVONSHIRE Place of death Age72

Biography. It seems that the only Parr biography was in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970. I thought that James Henry Parr's biography might be in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS but WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR (1989)made it clear that this was not the case for many pioneers such as James Sharp and James Henry Parr.

However, I do remember that Ann Parr and young James Henry did not come directly to Victoria, but via New Zealand and in TULLAMARINE:BEFORE THE JETPORT, I have mentioned in the Annals of Tullamarine section that Ann and James Henry arrived at Tullamarine in 1853, information that could only have come from the 1970 souvenir.

This booklet contained photos of James Henry Parr and Charles Nash, which appear on page 98 of Big Birds Soar along with a photo of the Tullamarine Methodist Church which was on the front cover of the centenary souvenir. The souvenir must have provided the following information.
1. The Church was built on a quarter acre block on Charles Nash's land ("Bayview")which he sold for ten shillings.
(The ten shillings paid by the church trustees would have been a transfer fee required by the Lands Department to cover the cost of a clerk writing a lengthy memorial detailing the exact location and dimensions of the block which Charles more likely DONATED as well as a sketch of title, starting with section 3 being granted to William Foster and it being conveyed to his brother, John Fitgerald Leslie Foster,land being sold to George Mounsey (south corner of Post Office Lane), John Fletcher Blanche (Volume 179 folio 880), Thomas Purvis (V.30 F.772), jOHN WRIGHT (V.201 F.174), ANN PARR (V.348 F.302)and Charles Nash (V.176 F.787 about six acres surrounding Mounsey's and including the actual church site on the north side of today's Trade Park Drive, and V.180 F.402, 109.5 acres south to the line of the Catherine Avenue/ Janus St midline extended west to the middle of Melway 5 E12.)
2.The two families (Nash and Parr) were musically inclined with J.H.Parr playing the clarinet and Elizabeth, Ann, Amelia and Elln Nash serving in turn until each was married.Ellen married Mark Cooper of Broadmeadows Township. James Henry Parr and his wife were known as Da and Ma Parr by the congregation.

From one of the Keilor souvenirs (1850, 1861, 1863), I'd added: "James Henry Parr was the president of the shire of Keilor in 1900-2, 1907-8 and 1914-15. His son, Bill, was shire president in 1932-3, 1935-6, 1937-8 and 1944-5."

Neil Hamilton Mansfield had obviously seen the 1970 church centenary souvenir as he makes mention of New Zealand in his Bulla Cemetery Index.

1664 PARR James Henry 86Y 00/00/1848 28/05/1934 30/05/1934 Meth. 4 A Son of James Parr & Ann Unknown. Died in Broadmeadows, Victoria, Australia.
1665 PARR (nee HANGER) Ann 72Y 00/00/1806 29/01/1879 31/01/1879 Meth. 4 A Daughter of Unknown Hanger. Born in Devonshire, England - mother of James Henry Parr (husband died in New Zealand?).
1666 PARR (nee MANSFIELD) Emily 68Y 22/09/1849 15/07/1918 17/07/1918 Meth. 4 A Daughter of John Mansfield & Eliza Jane Missen. Born in Tullamarine, died in Keilor, Victoria, Australia.

Neil Mansfield has also written the 698 page THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY. On page 47, he gives details of Emily Mansfield who married James Henry Parr in 1876, and states that James Henry was born in Exeter, England in about 1848 and his father's name was James Parr. Neil also states that Ann and her son, James Henry (then about 5) had arrived in Victoria in 1853.
Neil then make a very understandable assumption that James Henry owned "Greenvale" at Tullamarine, established by John McKerchar and had renamed it "The Elms." "Greenvale" was at Greenvale, crown allotment 10 Q, Yuroke of 328 acres with a 4050 link (810 metre)frontage to the north side of Somerton Rd 3740 links (748 metres) west of Mickleham Rd. It was Robert Millar (also related to the Mansfields) who renamed this property as The Elms, the same name as the Parrs' Tullamarine property (for which Neil gave the correct Melway reference.)

On pages 48 and 49 Neil gives extensive detail re Ellen Eliza Parr who married Charles Nash Jnr in 1898, William James Parr, Samuel Noah Parr, Henry Edward Parr, Charles William Parr, Freda May Parr and Annie Ethel Parr.
Send me a family tree circles private message if you'd like this information.

Generation 2- DA AND MA PARR.
EventMarriage Event registration number2800 Registration year1876
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesJames Henry SexMale Spouse's family nameMANSFIELD Spouse's given namesEmily

PARR-MANSFIELD.-On 3rd inst., at Wesley Church by the Rev. J G Millard, James Henry Parr, of Tullamarine, to Emily, second eldest daughter of Mr John Mansfield, of Tullamarine.(P.1, Argus, 5-8-1876.)

EventDeath Event registration number14066 Registration year1934
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesJames Henry SexMale Father's namePARR James Henry Mother's nameAnn (Unknown) Place of birthENGLAND Place of deathBROADMEADOWS Age86

Generation 3- BILL AND SAM PARR.
EventMarriage Event registration number7908 Registration year1909
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesWm Jas SexUnknown Spouse's family nameFURPHEY Spouse's given namesEllen May


EventDeath Event registration number7486 Registration year1956
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesWilliam James SexMale Father's namePARR James Henry Mother's nameEmily (Mansfield) Place of birthMELBOURNE Place of deathCOBURG Age76

PARR. Ellen May.---On April 27, at Royal Melbourne Hospital, the dearly beloved wife of William James Parr, of Tullamarine, and loving sister of Florence (Mrs. D.Wright), Charles (deceased), William (deceased), Alma (Mrs. R.Laing), Eileen (deceased), and John, aged 69 years. (Privately cremated April 29.)P.17, ARGUS, 1-5-1954.

Death of Mrs. Parr
At Keilor Council meeting on Tuesday reference was made to the death of Mrs. Parr, wife of Ex-Cr. W. J. Parr.
The late Mrs. Parr had been an active worker in many charitable and public organisations in the Keilor Shire.
She had worked for Red Cross, the Women's Hospital, Essendon Hospital, Benevolent Society, the Methodist Church, and Tullamarine Progress Association. She assisted greatly her husband during his four terms as shire president. (P.4, Sunshine Advocate, 7-5-1954.)

Record information
EventMarriage Event registration number969 Registration year1913
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesSamuel Noah SexUnknown Spouse's family nameWRIGHT Spouse's given namesFlorence Louisa

EventDeath Event registration number3528 Registration year1956
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesSamuel Noah SexMale Father's namePARR James Harry Mother's nameEllen (Mansfield) Place of birthTULLAMARINE Place of deathTULLAMARINE Age73

EventDeath Event registration number2605 Registration year1954
Personal information
Family namePARR Given namesFlorence Louisa SexFemale Father's nameWRIGHT Eduard Mother's nameMarion (Harrap) Place of birthESSENDON Place of deathESSENDON Age69

PARR. Florence. - On March 15, loved wife of Samuel, of Tullamarine, loved mother of Harry,Charlie, Freda (Mrs. Stone), and Winnie (Mrs. Lewis). -At rest.(P.12, Argus, 17-3-1954.)

When I organised the BACK TO TULLAMARINE reunions in 1989 and 1998, I only had to book the hall and display the material that had been provided by descendants of the pioneers. Winnie Lewis contacted all the pre-suburban descendants and my fellow community workers of the 1970's contacted the rest. The hall was packed on both occasions.

See the attached map.
Ann Parr's purchase from the grantee's brother, John (volume 348 folio 302), 15 acres at the north west corner of section 3 Tullamarine was west of the Methodist Church (48) at roughly the top right quarter of Melway 5 E11, adjoining John Wright's purchase just into F11.

Annandale was section 2 Tullamarine of 640 acres granted to George Annand and eventually came into the ownership of William Taylor of Overnewton at Keilor, as did section 1, Arundel. After Taylor's death, all of section 1 and 210 acres of section 2 were resumed circa 1904 by the Crown to become the Arundel Closer Settlement which went east to the start of Steeles Creek including Alf Cock's Glenview and John Fox's Geraghty's paddock (which I seem to recall was named "Bendene".) East of the creek to the west end of Sharps Rd., were two 165 acre properties owned by Thomas Nash (son of Charles and Mary)and Bill Parr, presumably south and north of Annandale Road. Bill Parr's farm retained the ANNANDALE name and the homestead homestead is number 19 on the map.

The Elms was indicated by the 10 MILES (from Melbourne) POST according to Winnie Lewis. It consisted of lots 5, 6 and 38 of John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of the parts of sections 6 and 7 on the Keilor side of Bulla Rd. Consisting of 35 acres, its original purchaser would be named in volume M folio 246. Straddling the boundary between section 7 and 6 just west of the north-south part of Link Rd the 35 acres are indicated by Melway 5 parts E_F 9 and E-F 10. As I no longer have my rates transcriptions, it is unclear whether other purchases were absorbed into the property but Winnie Lewis stated that The Elms adjoined Bill Parr's Annandale and this most likely was at Melway 5 E 11 (middle of top.) The homestead location is shown as number 47 on the map.

The late John Cock, of Broadmeadows, who failed by a year or two the other day to reach the allotted span, was probably one of the most remarkable personalities in the farming community of the Commonwealth. He was, in the first place, the pioneer user of almost every agricultural implement introduced to Australia in his time. In fact, the acquirement of new farm machinery became an incurable habit with him. His most striking achievement, apart from a long line of successes on the land in the face of big odds, was his fourth marriage sometime
back. His first wife came out with him from Lincolnshire in '64. A fine, open, typical example of the English husbandman was John Cock. He was for twenty years, a councillor at Broadmeadows, and three times President of the Shire. (P.6, Punch, 18-1-1912.)

As stated above, John Cock arrived in 1864, a fact glossed over in his biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS in 1888 due to the fact this this prominent citizen had arrived as an indentured labourer for John Hall, probably at "Southwaite Gill", the first property on the east side of Bulla Rd south of Camp Hill (today's Gowanbrae.) An indentured labourer could not accept a better-paid job elsewhere without being charged under the Masters and Servants Act and had little chance of success in court if his wages had not been paid.

Thus his arrival was stated as being in 1867 and he spent 15 years at a farm which rate records reveal was Broombank, then he spent about a decade north of Broadmeadows Township which was never named in rate records but which I had concluded must have been Springbank. In 1892-3, he commenced a lease on Stewarton, following John Kerr as tenant and the very next year this property, where he remained till his death at the end of 1911, was renamed Gladstone**. Soon after settling on this property, he also started leasing Viewpoint, between Gladstone and Camp Hill, from Edmund Dunn*, later sharing this lease with Old Tom Wright who had lived just north of Springbank until he became insolvent. (*Actually the estate of Edmund Dunn who had died in 1891.)

** John's four wives are detailed below. The property had already been renamed Gladstone by the time of the death of this one whom he would have met while he was on Springbank and socially engaged in the Bulla/ Greenvale community with people such as the famed James Musgrove whose property was on the east corner of Somerton and Oaklands Rds.

COCK.—On the 5th inst., at her late residence, Gladstone, Broadmeadows, Mary Jane, the dearly beloved wife of John Cock, and eldest beloved daughter of Thomas Musgrove, Greenvale, aged 40 years.(P.1, Argus, 6-12-1893.)

In the early 1900's he bought Chandos across Broadmeadows Road, now Mickleham Rd, from Gladstone. By the time of his death he had sold the southern 140 acres of Chandos (Strathconan) and the 123 acres north of today's Bamford Avenue which became Percy Judd's Chandos Park, retaining the middle 190 acres that became Bill Lockhart's "Springburn".

The locations of all these farms are indicated on the attached map.

After his new property had been renamed Gladstone, the lease on his former property, (which may have been named Dundonald in rate records but could not have been on Gellibrand Hill because of its acreage), ended, and the advertisement of his clearing sale there confirms my conclusion of 29 years ago that his farm was SPRINGBANK.

On Account of Mr. John Cock, Springbank, Dundonald Estate, Broadmeadows.(P.2, Argus, 17-10-1893)

1.EventDeath Event registration number8176 Registration year1876
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesHannah SexUnknown Father's nameWilson Thomas Mother's nameElizabeth Place of birthLINC Place of death Age33 Spouse's family nameCOCK Spouse's given namesJohn

John Cock was born on 30-1-1843 in Spalding, Lincolnshire, England and died 29-12-1911 in Broadmeadows, his burial being at Bulla Cemetery on 30-12-1911. Hannah Wilson was born at Spalding on 9-4-1843 and married John on 3-12-1863 at Spalding. Their children were John Cock b. and d. 1864 at Tullamarine; Elizabeth Draper Cock b. 13-6-1866, d. 4-3-1954; Frederick William Cock b.16-3-1868 d. 24-6-1932; Hannah Cock b. 29-9-1869 d. 17-1959; Mary Ann Cock b.17-4-1872 d.2-10-1957; John Cock b 1875 d. 1881; Alfred Cock(1876-1960)

2.COCKS (sic)—HOWSE.—On the 8th of November, at St.Mary's Church, Bulla, by the Rev. R. H. Rodda, John Cocks, farmer, of Tullamarine, to Elizabeth Alice, only daughter of the late Thomas Berridge Howse, sen., of
Doutta Galla. Adelaide and Sydney papers please copy.(P.14, Illustrated Australian News, 23-1-1878.)

THE Friends of Mr. JOHN COCKS(sic) are Invited to follow the remains of his late Wife to the place of interment in the Campbellfield Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to move from his mother-in-law's residence, the Travellers' Rest Hotel, Deep Creek-road, Doutta Galla, THIS DAY (Thursday), the 2nd inst., at 12 o'clock.
(P.4, The Age, 2-6-1881.)

The Howse family had bought John Hall's Southwaite Gill where John Cock had probably been living when his first child was born at Tullamarine in (1864?). The Travellers' Rest, located across Bulla Rd at 16 A4, was burnt down in 1899.

John married Elizabeth Alice Howse (born 1857 at Flemington) on 8-11-1877. Their children were William Henry Cock b.28-8-1878 d. 16-3-1962; Edwin Cock b.1-3-1880 and died 2-3-1880 at Broadmeadows; Catherine Eliza Cock b.2-4-1881 d. 24-11-1950.

EventMarriage Event registration number1804 Registration year1883
Personal information
Family nameMUSGROVE Given namesMary Jane SexFemale Spouse's family nameCOCKS Spouse's given namesJohn

Cocks (sic)— Musgrove.— On the 10th May, at St. Mary's Church of England, Bulla, by the Rev. F.. H. Rodda, John Cocks, of Springbank, Broadmeadows, to Mary Jane, eldest daughter of Thomas Musgrove, of Greenvale, Bulla.
(P.1, The Age, 16-6-1883.)

EventDeath Event registration number13255 Registration year1893
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesMary Jane SexFemale Father's nameMusgrove Thos Mother's nameEliza (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathBmdws Age40

John married Mary Jane Musgrove in 1883. Mary was born in 1853. Their children were: John Harold Cock b. 11-3-1884 in Greenvale (death*); George Henry Cock b.25-4-1885 (death* ); John Clifford Cock b.17-6-1886 m. Ethel Levings in 1922 (death*); Alister Arthur Cock b. 1887 d. 28-2-1971; Ellen Alice Cock b.1890 d. 7-5-1973; Mayme Cock b. 1890 (death*); Mabel Clara Cock b. 30-1-1892 d. 2-1-1985; Rose Cock b. 1893 (death*)
*No death records were found for George Henry or John Harold. No marriage or death record was found for Mayme. John Clifford died at Mooroopna aged 73 in 1959 and Rose died in 1893 aged 1.

EventMarriage Event registration number1969 Registration year1894
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesJno SexMale Spouse's family nameDUCAT Spouse's given namesEliza Amature Archer

EventDeath Event registration number15895 Registration year1934
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesEliza Amaja Archer SexFemale Father's nameDUCAT James Mother's nameEliza (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathBROADMEADOWS Age82

John married the daughter of James Ducat and ALICIA FORSYTH, born in about 1852, in 1894. She died on 30-7- 1934 in Broadmeadows. They had no children.

EventDeath Event registration number2569 Registration year1960
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesAlfred SexMale Father's nameCOCK John Mother's nameHannah (Wilson) Place of birthTULLAMARINE Place of deathMELBOURNE Age84

See this 1936 article about Alf's love of the Royal Mebourne Show.

His birth on Broombank had probably led to Hannah Cock's death. Broombank, described as 27 or 33 acres, the latter probably including the site of David O'Niall's former Lady of the Lake hotel,would hardly have made John Cock "the largest fal mer in Broadmeadows Shire in the 'sixties and seventies."


MARCH 5TH, AT 8 P.M. (N.B. The date and time seem to belong to a previous advertisement about a meeting!)
Farm to Let.
Messrs. Keast. Morris and Miles invite tenders up till 24th February for the lease of Mr. John Mansfield's farm of 169 acres at Tullamarine.(P.2, Flemington Spectator, 22-2-1917.)

Tullamarine Sale.
Keast, Morris and Miles will, on Tuesday, 27th inst., at 2 p.m., hold a clearing sale at Tullamarine, on account of Mr.John Mansfield, "Grandview", junction of Bulla and Broadmeadows roads.etc.
(Same page of same paper on same date.)
N.B. This was probably the son of David Mansfield, not his brother John who died in 1912.

Viewpoint consisted of crown allotments 1 (96 a.3 r. 12 p.) and 2 (225 acres) of section 4 Tullamarine making a total of 321 acres 3 roods 12 perches. The two portions of Viewpoint were consistently described in rate records as being 159 acres (north) and 169 acres, a total of 328 acres. Section 5 (Stewarton/ Gladstone) was described as 785 acres when granted but later as 777 acres. I had thought that the loss of eight acres was due to land being purchased to construct the road between Bulla Road and Broadmeadows Township but it could have been a surveying error circa 1842 leading to about eight acres being deducted from section 5 and added to Viewpoint.

From pages 113-114, WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR (1989.)
John Martin Ardlie, after whom Ardlie St. in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) was named was the grantee of c/a 2, section 4 Tullamarine with the younger brother of Benjamin Baxter being the grantee of c/a 1. After spending five years at Jamieson's Special Survey, between Mount Martha and Dromana, with his brother Henry (a peninsula pioneer), Edmond Dunn purchased Viewpoint (c/a's 1 and 2 section 4, Tullamarine.) Edmond Dunn died in 1891 and John Cock started leasing Viewpoint soon after moving from Springbank to Stewarton in 1892. In 1909, the lease was split (Cock and Wright) and the northern 159 1/2 acres were farmed by the Wright family till about 1949. It includes this brick house built by Bill Stoney. (Shocking photocopy of a photo I had taken. Luckily, I scanned the photo which will be attached to my journal:

Palmer's house, next door to the south was demolished during the last decade or so (1980's)and would have been occupied by Considine (1921), George Dalley (who at various times was on Carinya, Mansfield's Triangle and Springbank according to George Lloyd), Cusson (1930), and Trevethan ((1940)before Palmers came in 1945 to the 169 southern portion of Viewpoint.

Stanley Korman had bought section 5, Stoney's and Palmer's portions of Viewpoint-all fronting Old Broadmeadows road, now called Mickleham Rd and Cowan's dairy farm, Gowanbrae, which fronted Bulla Rd (later Lancefield Rd and now Melrose Drive) south to the railway bridge. He'd also bought "Strathconan", the 142 acre southern portion of the original Chandos across Old Broadmeadows Rd from R.Kay (originally Kowarzic, manager of A.N.A. until Reg Ansett bought the company). Korman's plan fronted Old Broadmeadows Rd and Bulla Rd from Forman St Westmeadows south to the railway bridge. Korman went broke but had cleverly put Gladstone Park in the ownership of a family syndicate, selling it to Costains in July 1964 at about a 500% profit.

From the journal showing the photo of Bill Stoney's house.

In the early 1950's Stanley Korman had purchased three farms on the east side of Old Broadmeadows Road between Forman St, the south boundary of Broadmeadows Township, and today's Camp Hill Park. The farms were "Gladstone" from Forman St south to the Lackenheath Drive corner purchased from F.N Levin in 1954, the northern 159 acres of Viewpoint south to about 40 metres north of the Scampton Crescent corner purchased from Bill Stoney and the southern 169 acres of Viewpoint purchased from Charles Palmer. These purchases and others are shown on page 196 and 197 of Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.

Korman's Bullseye plan of subdivision of his land between old Broadmeadows Township and the Albion-Jacana railway line fronted Old Broadmeadows Road but Korman's companies went broke and development of Gladstone Park did not start until Costains purchased Gladstone in 1964. By this time the construction of Tullamarine Airport had begun and land was reserved for the Tullamarine Freeway, thus isolating land on the three farms mentioned above, west of the freeway to Old Broadmeadows Rd, which was developed later as the Gladstone Gardens Estate. This estate may have included Strathconan whose main access roads were Freight Rd and Garden Drive because the service road on the east side of Old Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd)was directly linked with Garden Drive in Melway 5 J11.

When Bill Stoney and Charles Palmer, who obviously regained ownership of their farms due to Korman's insolvency, sold their farms again, they must have done so on the condition that their ADJOINING homestead blocks would be exempted from the Gladstone Gardens subdivision and with these two house blocks fronting the original chain wide road there was an 80 metre gap in the service road with access to the southern section of the service road provided just north of the Scampton Crescent corner.

Incidentally, Korman's original bullseye plan on page 197 of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY (which Andrew Lemon vaguely describes as being from "a brochure issued during the campaign against siting a new jetport at Tullamarine") was actually from THE CASE AGAINST A JETPORT AT TULLAMARINE, published by Walter V. Murphy, a copy of which was provided to me by descendants of Tullamarine pioneers, was given to the Tullamarine Library and should be available at the Hume Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows. No doubt Korman financed the brochure.

Charles Palmer had died by 1973 when I started the Tullamarine Kindergarten Association's paper drives. Dear old Mrs Palmer, who lived in the weatherboard house immediately south of Bill Stoney's brick house and part of the break in the service road, saved her papers for me and always insisted that I share a cuppa with her before I left. Her house was possibly built by John Mansfield when he bought the southern 169 acres of "Viewpoint" and called it "Grandview" but may have been Edmond Dunn's original homestead built in 1849 or even John Martin Ardlie's homestead of 1843.

I rarely use quotation marks in trove searches because many results such as the photo below can be missed by doing so. Bill was on the northern 159 acres of Viewpoint by November 1951 according to the sole result for "STONEY, TULLAMARINE" which makes me suspect that Bill's given names were William Armstrong.
Sheep Down 3; Lambs 2
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Tuesday 13 November 1951 p 6 Detailed Lists, Results, Guides
... /; 36, W. A. Stoney, Tullamarine, 72/4;

Syd Lloyd told me that Bill Stoney had built his brick house in the 1950's' and this was probably prior to mid 1952 when his sons' photos appeared in The Age.

The farms in Mickleham Rd from Kenny St, Westmeadows (the northern boundary of Broadmeadows Township) and Melway 178 top of J-K12, were Willowbank and Springbank, the boundaries of these properties never having been discovered. The parkland in 178 J-K12 and another patch, also running east-west in 179 B-C12, indicate the boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook to the South and Yuroke to the north.The two 180 acre Yuroke farms between Springbank and Somerton Rd were owned by Bob Jefferies and Hughie Williamson according to George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952 which indicates that there were two farms east of Willowbank and Springbank accessed via Elizabeth St in Broadmeadows Township. This track is now the pipeline from Greenvale Reservoir, the first farm being Wattle Glen with Annette Farm to the north.

I no longer have my copy of George Lloyd's history having donated it to the Hume Global Learning Centre when I left for Rosebud, but recall George Lloyd mentioning that Bill Stoney was (before moving to Tullamarine) down Dench's Lane, possibly near Mossgiel Avenue and east from Bob Jefferies' farm to the said pipeline. The track from Elizabeth St apparently went only as far north as Annette Farm so Bill Stoney would have accessed his farm opposite Swain St along the Will Will Rook/Yuroke boundary.

John Denham's farm, appears from the map on page 196 of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY to have been Charles Nash's former "Bayview" adjoining "Dalkeith" at the Janus St and Catherine Avenue midline and extending to Post Office Lane the north border of Trade Park industrial Estate opposite the Derby St. corner. George Lloyd said that John Denham's land passed into the ownership of Ernie Campbell with whose name the land is labelled in the page 196 map. This map was also in the brochure THE CASE AGAINST A JETPORT AT TULLAMARINE published by Major Murphy. George Lloyd knew John Denham well because both were related to the Williamsons of Greenvale as shown below.

Gordon Williamson apparently married John Denham's daughter.
DENHAM-WILLIAMSON.—Mr.and Mrs. J. Denham. Bulla road, Tullamarine, have pleasure in announcing the engagement of their only daughter, Ivy Joan to Gordon Keith, younger son of Mrs. H.Williamson and the late Mr. H.Williamson. Greenvale.(P.8, Argus, 12-1-1954.)

WILLIAMSON (Derham).-Joan and Gordon happily announce the arrival of Gayle Lynn on December 5, at Sacred Heart, Moreland. (Both well.)(P.12 , Argus, 10-12-1956.)

EventDeath Event registration number8722 Registration year1953
Personal information
Family nameWILLIAMSON Given namesHugh SexMale Father's nameWILLIAMSON James Mother's nameRebecca (Watkins) Place of birthWARRAGUL Place of deathPARKVILLE Age55

WILLIAMSON, Hugh. —On August 7 (suddenly), at Royal Melbourne Hospital, beloved husband of Bertha, of Dunvegan, Green Vale, loved father of Ollie (Mrs.Lloyd), Jim, Marj (Mrs. H. Bradley), Joan, Joyce (Mrs. N. Taylor),Gordon, Vera, Thelma, Jessie, and Pam.—One day we will all be reunited. (Interred August 10.)
(P.11, Argus, 11-8-1953.)

Few pupils would have walked as far to Tullamarine S.S. 2613 as Joe Butler, although Alf Cock Jnr.of Glenview at !5 A1 would have been close. His parents moved from Essendon to Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive), as I remember where the Keilor Botanical Gardens are situated at Melway 15 D4, in about 1943. His grandmother was a daughter of James Harrick*, an early Keilor pioneer whose homestead in Harricks Rd is now the headquarters of the Keilor Historical Society. The Butlers established the Moonya Dairy and later delivered bottled milk when pasturisation was introduced. When I started the Kindergarten paper drives circa 1973, Joe's mum would have her newspapers neatly bundled up for me each month.

*HARRICK.—On the 10th October, at his residence, Keilor, James Harrick, the beloved father of Thomas and Joseph, of Keilor; Patrick, of St. Albans; John, William, and Francis, of Moonee Ponds; and Mrs. E. Butler, Essendon
aged 86 years. R.I.P. (P.1, Argus, 11-10-1912.)
Edmund Butler married Catherine (Kate) Harrick, born 1873, in 1900.

The W.S., V.F.U.
The Orrs were leasing Kia-Ora, part of the Dundonald estate on the east side of Mickleham Rd from the Moonee Ponds Creek to the Victoria Police Attwood property by 1917* and were joined by the Lloyds in share farming nearby properties on the estate in about 1920. The curious thing is that in about 1917-8, John and Jim Orr were assessed on land on the west side of Trueman's Rd (Melway 252 D2)which is now the residential section of the Moonah Links Golf Course and were succeeded there in 1919-20 by Tommy Loft (who soon after bought Dalkeith at Tullamarine) whom the late Ray Cairns, then aged about 10, remembered with affection*. When the Dundonald estate was sold in 1929, the Orrs bought Kia Ora. (* J.Orr, Broadmeadows was appointed a 1916.)

*I had assumed that they were leasing this land but they actually owned it. The ratebook gave Tommy'a address as 265 Ascot Vale Rd and the property bwas described as 158 acres, c/a 28AB and 165 acres, c/a 29, section A Wannaeue, which is how was able to work out its location from the parish map.
Transactions in Country Properties.
Yea Chronicle (Yea, Vic. : 1891 - 1920) Thursday 25 March 1920 p 3 Article
320 acres situate at Rye, on account Mr John Orr, Broadmeadows. to Mr T B Loft,of Ascot Vale.

The fire in 1923 could have been on Kia Ora or one of the nearby farms being share-farmed with the Lloyds but the first trove result for Orr, Kia ora might lead to a bit of genealogy.

CLARK.—On the 30th March 1937 (suddenly) at Kia Ora Broadmeadows, Daniel Robert, beloved son of the late Agnes and Alexander Clark, loving brother of James, Alexander, Thomas, William, Margaret (deceased), Agnes (deceased), Sarah Elizabeth (deceased) and Annie (Mrs Orr), aged 67 years.(P.1, Argus,31-3-1937.)

I couldn't find a marriage or death record for Annie (Mrs Orr) but of the following I'm in AWE apart from the spelling of Fawkner. It seems that the Orrs had settled on Kia Ora in 1912 and John's brother offers some explanation of the interest in land at Truemans Rd. The surname ORR appears quite early in Victoria's history.

Death, with extreme suddenness,came to Mr. John Orr, Broadmeadows, on Friday last. He was the respected brother of Mr. A. C. Orr, of the motor works, opposite the Dandenong railway station.- He had been a resident for 20 years, of Broadmeadows, where he was owner of a fine agricultural area, which he used for sheep and cattle raising. For sometime he had been ill, and was thought by his friends to be improving. He had gone to the station to bid adieu to his sister in-law (Mrs. R. Adams), who was to depart to her home in Numurkah. Crossing the line, he felt a severe pain in the region of the neck. Mrs. Adams released him of his parcels, and invited a porter to steady Mr. Orr, who was lapsing into unconsciousness. He did so, but death soon came. The Orr family are known throughout the State as a worthy one, and the sire, Mr.James Orr, was for many years a farmer on the “Oatlands” property, at Woodend North. Mr. John Orr was buried on Saturday, at Faulkner cemetery.
(P.5, The Dandenong Journal, 1-12-1932.)

Page C.210. Maurice Crotty, a native of Tipperary, Ireland came to Victoria in about 1853. He spent the first three years working for Mr Branagan, Deep Creek, then rented 80 acres for four years. Going to the Keilor district, he rented and then purchased the farm he now occupies and has owned for about nineteen years, carrying on dairying and hay growing. About 1860, he married Miss McCormack, a native of Westmeath, Ireland and has a family of two sons and one daughter.(Victoria and its Metropolis:Past and Present, Alexander Sutherland, 1888.)

The marriage record and notice could not be found as I was searching in 1860. The marriage actually took place at the McCormack property, (Chesterfield, 44 acres of Section 2 Tullamarine on the south side of Annandale Rd between Sharps Rd, which they had been leasing since 1850) on 11-2-1861. Joe Crotty, one of my informants in 1988, put me onto Glen Cotchin who had been researching the family history and supplied the information that allowed me to find the following Victorian BDM records.

EventMarriage Event registration number475 Registration year1861
Personal information
Family nameCROTTY Given namesMaurice SexMale Spouse's family nameMCCORMACK Spouse's given namesMary

Annie McCormack died in 1867 aged 78. I PRESUME THAT WEST MEANS WESTMEATH.

EventDeath Event registration number5766 Registration year1867
Personal information
Family nameMCCORMACK Given namesAnn SexUnknown Father's nameCarey Neil Mother's nameBridget (Dabbon) Place of birthWEST Place of death Age77

James McCormack died in 1875 aged 85 at Springfield. (I PRESUME THAT MEAT MEANS WESTMEATH.)
EventDeath Event registration number10663 Registration year1875
Personal information
Family nameMCCORMACK Given namesJames SexUnknown Father's namePatrick Mother's nameMary (Bourke) Place of birthMEAT Place of death Age85 Spouse's family nameCAREY Spouse's given namesAnn

EventDeath Event registration number14145 Registration year1887
Personal information
Family nameCROTTY Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameMccormick Jas Mother's nameAnn (Oneil) Place of birth Place of deathKEILOR Age65 Spouse's family nameCROTTY Spouse's given namesMaurice

EventDeath Event registration number12287 Registration year1906
Personal information
Family nameCROTTY Given namesMaurice SexUnknown Father's nameCrotty Michl Mother's nameBridt (Hayes) Place of birth Place of deathCarl Age80

In 1860, Maurice Crotty, who married a McCormack* lass from Annandale, on the other side of Fosters Rd., started leasing “The Springs”. Charles Kavanagh was the occupant of The Springs before Crotty moved in. Seven years later, Mrs. Crotty reported that someone had bought part of their farm. That was James Sharp who was probably raised on Craigllachie south of Glenloeman. Tullamarine Park Rd. was close to the boundary between Sharp’s Hillside and the portion that Maurice bought in 1868 and called Broomfield. The original Broomfield homestead was across Tullamarine Park Rd. from Allied Drive and their 1890 house was on the site of Honda’s riding school.

Titles information on sections 21 and 20.
Maurice Crotty bought the north western portion of section 21, roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd and consisting of 243 ½ acres, for 913 ½ pounds on 8-6-1868. The Crotty dairy farm, Broomfield, was a feature of the area for a century. The original house was opposite Allied Dr and the 1890’s house near the motor cycle school. Incidentally, in 1867, both Sharps Rd and Broadmeadows Rd were known as Foster’s Lane (Vol. 175 folio 509).

Broomfield, so named, like Broombank, because of the cape broom which was planted there, was operated as a dairy farm for about a century by the Crotty family until Joe retired to live in Ray Loft's californian bungalow at 3 Eumarella St. Tullamarine. At about the same time my great uncle Alf Cock retired from Glenview, living in a house in Gordon St. which backed onto it. In the Airport streets renaming proposal initiated by Tony Rohead of the Federal Airports Corporation in 1989 and approved by Keilor Council, South Centre Road was to be renamed Crotty Road.


1.Glenara 2. Inverness Hotel 3. Woodlands 4.John Bond’s "Fairfield" 5. Brook Hill 6. Dunvegan 7.Later Bob Jefferies’ 8. Harry Swain 9. Annette Farm 10. Wattle Glen 11. Willowbank
12. Glen Allan 13. Gladstone (Claredale Ave. site) 14. Viewpoint 15. Camp Hill
16. Mansfield’s Triangle homestead 17. Hillside 18. Brightview 19. Bill Parr’s Annandale house 20. Bendene 21. Glenview 22, 23. lot 7,8 (Maher) 24. O’Donnell 25. Arundel 26 two Fox houses
27. Barbiston 28. Oakbank 29. 1st Victoria Bank 30. Seafield 31. Elm Grove 32. 2nd Victoria Bank 33.Aucholzie 34. John Mansfield 35. Roseleigh
36. Glenalice 37.Gowrie Park 38. Danby Farm (Hill) 39. Glendewar
40. Fairview (Nash) 41. Sunnyside(Wright) 42. Chandos (Judd) 43.Bill Lockhart's "Springburn" 44. Strathconnan (Wright)
45. Love’s dairy 46. State School 2613 (Conders Lane corner) 47. The Elms (Ann, James Henry and Sam Parr.) 48. Methodist church 49. Post Office 50. Broombank 51. Junction Hotel 52 Dalkeith (Loft) 53. Cumberland

1 comment(s), latest 1 week, 5 days ago


PAGE 25-6. 1939. The (Tullamarine Progress Association) meeting was held at Mrs Green's Junction Corner instead of the school where meetings had been held since the inception of the T.P.A. (in 1924) because the acting headteacher, Mr Dalton, had refused permission.-----A letter from Sam Merrifield asked the T.P.A. to support an application to Broadmeadows Council for construction of a tennis court on the recreation reserve (today's Melrose Drive Reserve) and its use on Sundays, but it was pointed out that the council would not allow Sunday play.

When he was married (1950's) Harry Heaps of "Sunnyside" (west side of Wright St near the Moonee Ponds Creek)built a new house which now (1998) stands at the south corner of Strathconnan Square. A century old house in which Mary Reddan's father-in-law, Mr Wordsworth, had been born, and which had been owned by Sam Merrifield was demolished but there was a barn which was used regularly as a boxing venue. etc.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 30 June 1941 p 4 Article
... Merrifield surveyor of Tulla-marine won Essendon ballot. He is sec-retary of Essendon ALP. Other

Sam was probably not able to attend the 1939 T.P.A. meeting because of his absence in connection with his employment with the tramways board, perhaps surveying a new line. Harry Heaps' family had been pig farmers but had changed to poultry farming by the time of Harry's marriage. He probably didn't need to build poultry sheds when he built his matrimonial home. Excerpts related to Sam's desire for a tennis court and his livelihood while at Tullamarine have been put in bold type in the biography.

A motion to permit the playing of tennis at Tullamarine on Sundays was lost at the meeting of the Broadmeadows Council yesterday.(P. 15, Argus, 1-9-1939.)

Unfortunately, although the Johnsons were still on Glendewar, the tennis club which operated on their farm, not that far north of Sam's place,must have folded before Sam's arrival in Tullamarine.

Merrifield, Samuel (1904–1982)

by Peter Love

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Samuel Merrifield (1904-1982), surveyor and politician, was born on 6 February 1904 at Moonee Ponds, Melbourne, third child of Victorian-born parents William Merrifield, carpenter, and his wife Sarah, née Semmens. Sam’s education at Moonee Ponds West Primary and Essendon High schools was impeded by hearing difficulties, for which he compensated with voracious, attentive reading. His self-discipline helped him through a surveying apprenticeship as well as evening classes at Taylor’s College and the Working Men’s College, Melbourne. Having secured a surveyor’s licence in 1925, he worked as a draftsman and surveyor for the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board, the Victorian Forests Commission and the Country Roads Board until his retrenchment in 1931, a casualty of the Depression.

Political radicalism had featured in Merrifield’s family since his grandfather’s involvement in agitation on the Victorian goldfields in 1854. Sam attended Australian Labor and Socialist party functions in his youth, and at 18 he had joined the Moonee Ponds branch of the ALP. His bout of unemployment hardened his political resolve, deepening his sympathy for people fallen on hard times. Always an enthusiastic sportsman, he immersed himself more widely in the sporting and civic affairs of his local community.

After living off his wits, including a period raising poultry, Merrifield returned to paid employment for the Tramways Board (1935-39), the State Electricity Commission (1940), and from 1940 the Commonwealth Department of the Interior, where he applied his drafting, surveying and broad engineering skills with customary precision and diligence. On 7 March 1936 at the Ascot Vale Congregational Church he married Margaret Lillian (Lil) Smith, a typist. They had no children.

In June 1943 Merrifield won the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Essendon for the ALP and, after an electoral redistribution, successfully contested that of Moonee Ponds in 1945-52. He gave assiduous attention to his electorate and served on numerous parliamentary committees. He was vice-president (1947-49) of the State Schools Committees’ Association of Victoria. Appointed minister for public works in 1952, he tackled increasing demands for the renewal and expansion of public infrastructure. Facing overcrowding in state schools, for instance, he oversaw the introduction of portable classrooms.

Sparsely-built and quietly-spoken, Merrifield nonetheless was drawn into controversy in 1949 when he was named during the Lowe royal commission into communism in Victoria as a Communist Party of Australia contact in the ALP. He vigorously denied these allegations, which were never proved, but remained a figure of suspicion for anti-communist campaigners in the ALP. The flow of preferences to the Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist) saw him defeated in the election that followed the split in the Cain government in April 1955.

Infuriated but outwardly calm, Merrifield was then employed as a surveyor by the Keilor City Council: he had retained close ties with his profession as president (1946) and fellow (1947-64) of the Victorian Institute of Surveyors. He also set about rebuilding his political career. In June 1958 he was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council as the member for Doutta Galla. As deputy-leader of the Opposition in the council from 1960 until his retirement in 1970, he won respect for his courteous demeanour and punctilious attention to parliamentary duties. His favourite appointment was to the Parliamentary Library committee, which allowed him to indulge a long-standing passion for reading, particularly history.

Always committed to representing 'the underdog', in the early 1960s Merrifield joined Brian Fitzpatrick and others in establishing the Melbourne branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History. Building on his substantial and constantly growing collection of historical material on the Australian labour movement, in 1964 he launched the Recorder—a newsletter that became the starting point for many researchers who found their way to his increasingly cluttered house and garage at Moonee Ponds. After his retirement it became his principal interest, along with his founding membership of the Essendon Historical Society and service to the local library. In 1971 the ASSLH conferred on him its second life membership (Fitzpatrick was the first) and in 1973 Monash University awarded him an honorary doctorate of letters, recognising his contribution to the field.

Lil Merrifield, who had devotedly supported her husband, died in 1978; Sam soon commenced donating his library and papers to the La Trobe Library. His dedication to his community, including fifteen years as president of the Essendon District Football League and twenty-six years on the Essendon Hospital committee, was widely recognised. He died on 24 August 1982 at Parkville, Melbourne, and was cremated. In 1983 the Essendon Public Library was named after him.


Lil Merrifield may have begun her married life at Tullamarine. See photo and article.


Charles Graves and his partner, Brownlee leased the southern 4000+ acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in 1851 at 10 shillings per acre while the Connells leased the northern 1000+ acres between the mouth of Tassells Creek and Ellerina Rd. (Leonard Wilding's History of the Mornington Peninsula, 1905.)

Charles hawked goods such as drapery throughout the Peninsula and was often helped by George McLear,son of his business partner in this venture, the widow, Mary Ann McLear. George would take a change of horses to Frankston when Charles was returning from Melbourne with new stock and sometimes accompanied Charles on his rounds to places such as the Cairns families' "Little Scotland" at Boneo.

On May 10 1859, Charles bought allotment 13 section 2 Kangerong for 166 pounds 12 shillings and 2 pence. Consisting of 166 acres 2 roods 17 perches and having the second 2000 link (400 m) frontage east of Collins Rd, it was granted to Thomas Monahan on 19-11-1856, probably for the same price (or more) because a pound per acre was the usual upset(reserve) price. Charles was astute to buy at this time because a pier had been approved at Schnapper Point at the expense of Dromana (which argued that its population was larger.)If he'd waited a couple of years, the purchase price would have been bigger because the Dromana pier had been built.

Charles had the block fenced by Thomas and Charles Rymer and carried out other improvements with the help of young George McLear before selling the block to his business partner, George's mother, on January 31 1860 for 200 pounds. (A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Soon after, Charles established the first store at Shoreham and on 7-2-1868 purchased crown allotment 15 section A, north of Punty Lane and west of Tucks Rd from the Crown. He named his farm Woodlands".

Plenty of information but unanswered questions. It would seem that Charles went out of his way to help widow McLear. Was Charles a Bachelor at the time? He certainly married but when?

GRAVES.-On the 17th August (suddenly), at "Woodlands," Shoreham, Jane, beloved wife of Charles Graves, aged 74 years, (P.60, The Australasian, 26-8-1905.)

EventDeath Event registration number8978 Registration year1905
Personal information
Family nameGRAVES Given namesJane SexUnknown Father's nameWhite Geo Mother's nameMaud (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathFlinders Age74

GRAVES.—On the 29th June, at "Woodlands,"Shoreham, Charles Graves, aged 81. A colonist of 57 years. A patient sufferer at rest. (P.1, Argus, 3-7-1906.)

EventDeath Event registration number9095 Registration year1906
Personal information
Family nameGRAVES Given namesChas SexUnknown Father's nameGraves Thos Mother's nameUnknown (Butt) Place of birth Place of deathFlinders Age81

Mr. Charles Graves, one of the Mornington peninsula pioneers, died on Friday night, aged 81 years. Mr. Graves settled on what was then known as "The Survey" —now Dromana — in 1850, and resided there during the intervening 56 years. He was probably one of the best known men in the district.(ABOUT PEOPLE, P.6, The Age, 2-7-1906.)

AHA! Charles was single when he was being so helpful to Widow McLear..He married Jane in 1863.
EventMarriage Event registration number2815 Registration year1863
Personal information
Family nameGRAVES Given namesCharles SexMale Spouse's family nameWHITE Spouse's given namesJane

NAME.....................YEAR OF BIRTH.......REGISTER NUMBER.
THOMAS JOSHUA..............1864........................14788
WILLIAM JOHN...................1871........................23261

Photo No.; Name;----------- Born; Died; ---------------Age; Spouse; Extra; Section.
544 GRAVES Charles --blank 29/06/1906 81 Jane Church of England
542/543 GRAVES Charles,blank 19/09/1929 blank blank par Charles & Jane Church of England
544 GRAVES Henry blank 09/03/1873 4 blank par Charles & Jane Church of England
544 GRAVES Jane blank 17/08/1905 74 Charles with Jeremiah White Church of England
544 GRAVES,William John, blank,11/03/1873 11 par Charles & Jane Church of England

SIR, - Re "New Chum's" inquiry in your last issue as to the oldest resident of the Peninsula, I think I am one of the few that are left. I left the Isle of Man in August, 1849, and arrived in Melbourne December the same year. After spending 12 months near Melbourne, I came to Dromana (then called Jamieson's Survey) on January 15th, 1851. I rented 4000 acres of land from the Bank of Australia for nine years, and in 1860* bought the property I am now living on. You will therefore see that I am one of the old pioneers. C. GRAVES. "Woodlands," Shoreham. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 22-3-1902.)

(*The parish map gives 7-2-1868 as the date of purchase of his grant described below but a lands department copyist may have misread a badly printed 0 as 8 or Charles might have bought a grant of about 150 acres from the grantee, such as James Byrne's c/a 22 of 151 a. 2 r. 18 p. just north of the Stony Creek crossing, east into the parish of Balnarring.)

Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 20 September 1902 p 2 Article
On the road from Dromana to Flinders, Mr C. Dowling has about 250 acres of good land, 140 of which is cleared and makes an ideal little dairying block. The property is beautifully situated on a slope facing the north and a clear running creek forms the boundary of the farm, which has been appropriately named "The Glen." Dairying at present occupies Mr Dowling's attention and he grows the usual fodder crops necessary for that industry.
(Thomas Dowling was granted crown allotment 3 section A Flinders on 6-2-1884, Bounded by a straight eastern continuation of Shands Rd (N), Tucks Rd (W) and Stony Creek, its Tucks Rd frontage went south to about the location of 339 Tucks Rd in Melway 255 H3. As this consisted of 109.75 acres, "The Glen" probably included c/a 12 of 140 acres granted to Daniel Nowlan and south east of c/a 3 or Edmund Riley's grant, c/a 4 of 139 acres, across Tucks Rd from the southern half of c/a 3. This entry was included to indicate that the special correspondent was travelling down Tucks Rd.)

A little further along the road toward the coast we come to "Woodlands," a property of nearly 400 acres, belonging to Mr Graves, a very old resident of the district. Besides having a large orchard and garden, the owner of "Woodlands" goes in largely for poultry farming. Mr Graves also conducts one of the oldest storekeeping businesses in the southern part of the Mornington Peninsula. The property is in good order and crops of any sort should grow well in the rich chocolate soil.

(Bounded by Tucks Rd (NE) Punty Lane (SE) and the western arm of Mantons Creek in Melway 255 H7 and to the middle of G6 (SW), this was Charles Graves' grant of 190 acres 3 roods and 30 perches. On 11-3-1896 Charles Graves and Thomas Dowling had purchased c/a 11 of almost 64 acres which was probably part of the 400 acres in 1902 but it's anyone's guess where the other, roughly, 150 acres were.
POSTSCRIPT. See ROSE VIOLETat end of journal. Thomas Dowling must have bought Charles' share of the 64 acres and his roughly 400 acres consisted of c/a 15, 190.3.30 + c/a 21, 192.3.20, a total of 383.3.10, nearly 384 acres. It is unclear whether his store was on 15, 21 or the small allotments in the township of Balnarring where the Frankston-Flinders road crosses Stony Creek and the creamery was located.

The farm known as "Seaview," recently part of the estate of the late J.T. T. Smith*, has now been purchased by Mr Sutherland. 'The property contains about 80 acres and,like most of the Shoreham land, is an ideal dairying block, for which purpose Mr Sutherland intends to utilise it, and has a good strip of land under cultivation to provide green feed for his cattle. The homestead, which was built by the late Captain Brown, is in a good position, and the Shoreham creamery adjoins the property.

(There is no grant of about 80 acres on Tucks Rd but as it was across the road from Higgins' 149 acres (c/a 24 south of Higgins Lane, Melway 256 C-E 9 roughly), adjoined the Shoreham Creamery, and was followed by the Higgins and Riley farms, it was obviously c/a 28 of almost 85 acres south of Beach St, the correspondent having travelled to the south end of Tucks Rd and turned sharp left into Frankston-Flinders Rd with Seaview on the right (near the sea) and then Higgins and Riley on the left (south and north of Higgins Lane) just before the creamery and the Stony Creek crossing.)

*Smith falsely accused Charles of stealing his heifer. See:

If this couple arrived on Henry Tuck's former run before Charles Graves it would have only been by few months because Charles also claimed to have arrived there in 1860.

Catherine's obituary in 1911.


SIR,-I beg to acknowledge receipt of £4 14s from Mr D. Buckley, hon.secretary of the Balnarring testimonial
fund, being a surplus which that committee had after purchasing the gold locket which they presented me with on
the 18th ultimo. I wish to thank my many friends and sympathisers who took such an active part in the matter.
-I am yours sincerely,CHARLES GRAVES,JUN. Shoreham, 20th November, 1896.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 26-11-1896.)

I don't like mysteries and the solution showed that it was Charles Graves Junior who'd been accused of stealing J.T.T.Smith's heifer.

Great sympathy is felt for Mr. C.Graves in this district in the trouble and expense to which he has been put in proving his innocence of the charge of cattle stealing recently brought against him. A public meeting was held in the schoolroom on Thursday last to discuss the subject and it was decided to hold a dance in honour of Mr. Graves, and present him with a gold locket suitably inscribed, as a mark of the esteem in which he is held in this locality. A committee was appointed to make all necessary arrangements for the dance and to canvas the district for subscriptions.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 20-8-1896.)

Charles Graves Junior's birth record does not seem to be on Victorian BDM. He came close to being killed in 1906, the year of his father's death. It is not clear whether his visit had been to John Calvin Griffith, son in law of Thomas and Catherine Dowling, or Jonah (Dohn) Griffith, his brother.

Mr Charles Graves, jun, of Shoreham, had the misfortune to meet with a very painful accident whilst driving in his jinker on Sunday evening. Mr Graves had just left the residence of Mr J. Griffith, when one of the wheels of the jinker suddenly collided with the post of a culvert, the result being that Mr Graves was thrown heavily on to the ground, one of the wheels striking him a nasty blow on the side. Despite his severe shaking he retained possession of the reins, preventing the pony from running away.

Fortunately, assistance was close at hand, and Mr Graves was promptly conveyed to Mr Griffith's house, where he complained of a severe pain in the side. An examination of the part disclosed the necessity of obtaining medical advice, as it was apparent some bone was fractured. Dr Somers, on arrival, found that Mr Grace had sustained a fracture of two of his lower ribs, and these were quickly attended to, Mr Graves experiencing much relief after the bandaging operation. Mr Graves is now able to be up,and will probably return to his home at the end of the week. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 31-3-1906.)

Charles Junior died in 1929 according to the Flinders cemetery records but my hope of finding his approximate year of birth from his death record was dashed by the discovery that this wasn't on Victorian BDM either. He did die in 1929.

Application has been made by the Trustees,Executors and Agency Company Limited and Miss Ruby Elizabeth Cole for probate of the will and two codicils of Charles Graves, formerly of Mornington. but late of Corowa, N.S.W., who died on 19th September. The estate is valued for probate at £8463. consisting of personalty only, and, subject to a legacy of £100 to the Corowa Public Hospital, is held in trust for relatives and friends. There are also assets in New South Wales. (P.10, The Age, 7-11-1929.)

His death notice was found but doesn't supply his age.It indicates that the birth records of some of his siblings are also missing.
GRAVES. — On the l9th September, at Corowa, New South Wales, Charles, son of the late Charles and Jane Graves, brother of T. J.Graves. Mrs. J, Symonds. Flinders, and Mrs. G. M. Wilson. Red Hill, formerly of Flinders and Mornington.(P.13, The Age, 21-9-1929.)

Charles Junior would have moved to Mornington in early 1908, having sold Woodlands.
Mr. Graves of Shoreham, has disposed of his farm there, at a satisfactory figure to a farmer from Healesville. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 11-1-1908.)

No wonder his age and year of birth are not given on the gravestone in the Flinders cemetery!
The death occurred suddenly yesterday morning of. Mr. Charles Graves, who for the past five or six years had been a resident of Corowa, having come from Mornington (Vic.), where he conducted an agency business. The late Mr. Graves came to Corowa for health reasons about 26 years ago, spending the winters here, then returning to his business in Mornington. He was very well known and highly esteemed by all who knew him. Upon taking up residence in Corowa a few years ago, Mr. Graves purchased "Twilight" and resided there until his death. His remains were taken to Flinders (Vic.) and the funeral will take place to-morrow afternoon. The Rev. Canon Ross-Edwards will perform the burial service.(P.2, The Corowa Free Press, 20-9-1929.)
MRS. G.M.WILSON.(nee Jane Graves.)
5. G.M.Wilson who fought in the Boer War, married Jane, the daughter of Charles Graves Snr,(pioneer on Jamieson's Special Survey, Shoreham storekeeper and owner of "Woodlands" in the parish of Flinders.)

Re 5. Former councillor David Jarman started it all off when he suggested that I contact Peter Hemphill about the BACK TO RED HILL, adding that Peter was a "(grandson of Jerve Wilson) orchardist who served in the Boer war." Peter didn't know of any relationship to Sarah Wilson's descendants and Jean Rotherham told me to check with Bev Laurissen who was quite sure there wasn't one. I thought that Boer War records might give details about the soldier's parents but I couldn't find his service record.

That was when janilye came to the rescue.
And this is what I wrote to Peter.
Your grandfather may not have been a descendant of Sarah Wilson, pioneer on Jamieson's Special Survey, but your grandmother was the daughter of Charles Graves, who with a partner named Brown-Lee (according to a heritage study) leased the whole survey in 1851 when Henry Dunn's lease expired.

Charles was a hawker who travelled to Melbourne to buy goods that he would sell all over the peninsula,including the Cairns family's "Little Scotland" on the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds. His partner in the hawking business was Mary McLear whose husband had been killed near the Plenty River at the end of 1849; she arrived on the survey shortly after Charles Graves. Young George McLear helped by taking a change of horse to Frankston when Charles was coming back from Melbourne and accompanied Charles on one amusing visit to Little Scotland.(Pages 98-9,.34-5 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Charles bought and fenced the property at Dromana which became the McLear family's "Maryfield" before becoming a storekeeper at Shoreham and a landholder in the parish of Flinders. As soon as I saw janilye's statement that your grandfather married Jane Graves, I knew who would be her father. Two death notices for Jane's brother prove that it was Charles Graves senior, the former hawker.

by janilye on 2015-01-25 16:18:36
Good heavens all this chasing your tails when you should have asked me!!
His name was Gervaise Maison Wilson and his service number was 508.
You'll find him on the Nominal Roll page 248.
All information is held at the Australian War Memorial which is now all online or a phone-call away.
Happy Australia Day.

by janilye on 2015-01-25 16:28:37
NAME: Gervaise Mason Wilson
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1880
AGE: 85
DEATH PLACE: Dromana, Victoria
SPOUSE: Christian Jane Graves married 1908

by janilye on 2015-01-25 16:50:32
I see he was listed in the electoral rolls as Gervase Mason, however on his enlistment into the 3rd. Contingent the spelling of his name was Gervaise Maison.
Private Wilson was invalided back to Australia om 2 May 1901
Off to War.

by itellya on 2015-01-25 17:46:46
Thanks janilye, you're a marvel!

GRAVES.- On the 19th September, 1929, at Corowa (N.S.W ), Charles, son of the late Charles and Jane Graves, brother of T.J. Graves, Mrs J Symonds (Flinders), and Mrs G M Wilson (Red Hill), formerly of Flinders and Mornington.
GRAVES.-On the 19th September at Barina, Corowa, Charles, beloved brother of Isabella (Mrs Symonds), Thomas, and Jane (Mrs Wilson), aged 58 years, late of Flinders, Victoria.
(P.1, Argus, 20-9-1929.)

He would have been born in about 1871.
EventDeath Event registration number20765 Registration year1944
Personal information
Family nameSYMONDS Given namesIsabella SexFemale Father's nameGRAVES Charles Mother's nameJane (Murdock???) Place of birth RYE Place of deathHASTINGS Age84
As her mother's maiden name was wrong*, it is possible that her age is too unless she was born before Charles and Jane married in 1863.
*There are only four marriage records for Charles Graves, with the brides' maiden names being White (1863), Costello (1881), Manderson (1913), and Carson (1887). However there is an explanation for Charles Grave's wife's name being given as Jane Murdock. See ROSE VIOLETat the very end of the journal.

The birth at Rye indicates that Charles Graves' wife Jane was the daughter of George White, an early limeburner near Sorrento and Rye, one of whose kilns was on the Rye Footy Ground. (Details of this Irish White family can be found in LIME LAND LEISURE. George White bought Edward Williams's old butchers shop near GEORGE STREET in Sorrento. He may have had three brothers.) Perhaps one of them was Jeremiah with whom Jane was buried at Flinders. He was!
Extract from ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD re the 1859 petition against a fence being built across the peninsula from White Cliff.
Many of the limeburners would have been illiterate. Their names would have been printed (by Peter Purves or James Sandle Ford) and followed by "their mark", usually a cross (X). The names on the petition opposing construction of the fence were: James Ford, Peter Purves, Robert Rainey, James Patterson, George Mitchell, Robert Quinan, George White, Robert White, Richard White, Jeremiah White , James Swan, Arthur Robinson MATCD (presumably the other Melbourne resident), Alfred Evans, Nathan Page, John Dillon, Edward Russell, Patrick Sullivan, Edward M.Williams, Richard White, George White!, Isaac Prout, Owen Cain, Mrs John Devine, Ben Stennigan (Stenniken), Timothy Sullivan, Thomas Clancy, George Baker, Charles Dean, Mrs Edward Skelton, Samuel Clark, Samuel Williams, Richard Kenna (Melbourne resident!)

Snr Constable O'Shannassy was asked to ascertain why the settlers and limeburners had signed the petition. He found that Clark, Williams, Nathan Page, Mrs Skelton and Jeremiah White had not signed and weren't even asked to sign. George White senior and Robert Quinan, both limeburners, had signed, not wanting to offend their old neighbours,even though they actually wanted the fence. Thomas White and 15 other limeburners wanted the fence to prevent Ford and Purves overgrazing the area with their combined 800 head of cattle. They complained that their own bullocks (obviously used for ploughing and hauling lime)were dying from starvation. Robert, George and Richard White, Ford, Purves, Cain, Stennigan (sic), and Patrick and Timothy Sullivan feared that their cattle would be turned out of the area.

EventDeath Event registration number19267 Registration year1951
Personal information
Family nameWILSON Given namesJane Christian SexFemale Father's nameGRAVES Charles Mother's nameJane (White) Place of birthSHOREHAM Place of deathMORNINGTON Age76
The year of death and age indicate that she was the daughter born in 1875. See birth records above.

EventDeath Event registration number10671 Registration year1934
Personal information
Family nameGRAVES Given namesThomas Joshua SexMale Father's nameGRAVES Charles Mother's nameJane (White) Place of birth Place of deathCHELTENHAM Age70

Among my early journals was one about the White family of Rye, Sorrento, Rosebud and Red Hill. Robert White was connected with all four areas in rate records and local histories so I assumed that the same family had pioneered all four areas. Then I received private messages from yenram and toolaroo.
White Family Pt Nepean yenram 2012-04-11 20:02:50
Blooming Bob White toolaroo 2012-10-28 05:47:01

Our conversations continued for some time and I finally came to understand that there were two different families, Yenram's family at Rye and Sorrento being from Ireland and toolaroo's family at Rosebud and Red Hill being from Clackmannan in Scotland. Each family had a Robert White and I deemed it wise to abandon the journal until I could positively decide to which family the Robert White, renting a hut at Boneo from the Cairns family, belonged. As he was probably engaged in limeburning at Boneo, I though it was best for yenram and toolaroo to confer.

Long story short, this journal was started as a post on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Facebook Group page and Yemran joined the group quite some time ago as Rose Violet. Jane Graves' death notice gives her father's name as George White but Rose Violet, who has conducted extensive research, disagrees. Here are her comments under the post.

Rose Violet I can help you with some of your Qstns:)

Charles Graves married Jane White daughter of limeburner Robert White not George 🤗. George married Elizabeth Gilbertson****

Rose Violet Jane was previously married to George Petrie Murdoch & had 2 children to the marriage Geo. Petrie Jnr born 1850** & Isabella in 1860***

Rose Violet Charles Jnr was born in 1866* at Flinders

(*In this case, Charles Jnr. was about five years older than 58 as stated in one of the two death notices. No birth notice was found for Charles Jnr in 1866 and indeed any year from 1863 to 1872.)

** EventBirth Event registration number22560 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family nameMURDOCH Given namesGeorge Peter SexMale Father's nameMURDOCH George Mother's nameJane (Unknown) Place of birthGEELONG

*** No birth record for Isabella Murdoch found.

**** As George White married Elizabeth Gilbertson in 1862, the year before Jane White married Charles Graves, he could have been Jane's brother or cousin. Who was George's father, George or Robert.
EventMarriage Event registration number133 Registration year1862
Personal information
Family nameGILBERTSON Given namesElizabeth SexFemale Spouse's family nameWHITE Spouse's given namesGeorge

Yenram wrote in her first F.T.C. private message:
My line is George White and Mary Wall. Their son Robert married Mary Ann Condron in 1846. George was listed as a Lime Burner on the marriage certificate and Robert a Lime Salesman.

I believe that Jane's mother (Maud Unknown in her death certificate) was actually Mary Wall. Jane Graves was buried in the same grave at Flinders as JEREMIAH WHITE. WHO WERE JEREMIAH'S PARENTS?

EventDeath Event registration number1405 Registration year1881
Personal information
Family nameWHITE Given namesJeremiah SexUnknown Father's nameGeo Mother's nameUnknown (Wall) Place of birth Place of deathFLINDERS Age56

Death records indicate that Jeremiah was born in about 1825 and Jane in about 1831 so they could have been siblings or cousins but most people would object to their family plot being occupied by distant cousins, so my money's on Jeremiah being Jane's older BROTHER, making George White and Mary (Wall)Jane's parents.

EventBirth Event registration number20934 Registration year1866
Personal information
Family nameGREAVES Given namesCharles SexUnknown Father's nameCharles Mother's nameJane (White) Place of birthFLINDERS

YENRAM has also sent me a screenshot of Charles Graves' will and has given me permission to transcribe it here. His "Woodlands" was described as consisting of 400 acres in 1902 and I presume that his wife lived on his 190 acre 3 rood 30 perches grant, c/a 15, section A, Flinders after his death.

I GIVE DEVISE and bequeath untomy son Thomas Joshua Graves allotment of land 21 in the parish of Flinders, Victoria containing 182 acres 3 roods and 20 perches more or less In consideration of which he is to give his sister Jane Christian Graves the sum of twenty five pounds.

To my son Charles Graves I bequeath allotment of land 15 in the parish of Flinders, Victoria containing 190 acres 3 roods and 20 perches in consideration of which he is to give his sister Jane Christan Graves the sum of twenty five pounds.

All stock, farming implements, ploughs, harrows &c &c to be divided equally among them, the brothers.

All household goods all outstanding debts all goods in store to be equally divided among the brothers Thomas Josha Graves and Charles Graves.

This will is not available and only comes into force after my wifes death.My wife is to be in full possion (possession) of all my property goods money &c &c until her death*.

-end of screenshot.

CROWN ALLOTMENT 21, SECTION A FLINDERS was granted to Thomas Monahan (who you will remember was the grantee of Mary Ann McLear's Maryfield opposite the site of the Dromana Drive-In)and actually consisted of 192acres 3 roods and 20 perches. Like c/a 15, it was on the west side of Tucks Rd, its north east corner being 3737 links (747 metres) south of Punty Lane (thirty seven and a third millimetres on the Melway map.) Its north west corner was precisely at the junction of the two arms of Manton's Creek in Melway 255 J8. Its south east corner was at the Horne Rd corner in 256 B8, the south boundary being parallel with the northern boundary.

* Jane's death.
GRAVES.-On the 17th August (suddenly), at "Woodlands," Shoreham, Jane, beloved wife of Charles Graves, aged 74 years, (P.60, The Australasian, 26-8-1905.)

This indicates that the will was written before 17-8-1905 and explains why Mr Graves (Charles or his brother) was able to sell his farm to the Healsville farmer in 1908. The will had come into force by the time of Charles' death on 29-6-1906. No application for administration of the will was found but the following was:
Probates and Administrations.
Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 - 1954) Saturday 8 September 1906 p 37
......; Charles Graves, £1446; etc.


Type BALNARRING, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON in your search bar, click on the first result, and look for the Bullock and Gray grants at the south west corner of the parish, separated by Tucks Rd and fronting the north side of Shands Rd.

The place of death is given for neither in their death records and neither is recorded as being buried at Flinders or Dromana Cemeteries.

F.Bullock was the grantee of 96 acres at Melway 190 E-F12, the north west corner being the bend in the Mornington-Flinders Rd and Tucks Rd the eastern boundary.

Mr. Candler, the district coroner, on Tuesday held an inquest at Dromana on the body of Thomas Bullock, aged 51 years. Deceased had been burning logs for clearing purposes in a paddock near his house at Balnarring,and on the 10th instant, at about a quarter-past 1 o'clock in the morning, his son, when out shooting, smelt flesh burning, and searching amongst the fired logs, found the deceased lying on some hot ashes on his back in the paddock about 100 yards from the house. He was last seen alive at about 10 o'clock the previous evening, when he was poking up a fire in the paddock, and said he would be in shortly. His daughter, to whom he said this, then went in to bed, as did also her brother; and the other brother, who found the deceased, on going into the house found them in bed. Deceased was not subject to fits, but he dragged one foot, scraping the ground with it, and when he got on his back he could not get up or change his position. Deceased was dead, and a post-mortem examination by Dr. Rodd showed that the body was charred throughout externally, some portions being completely baked even in the internal organs. The back was especially burnt. The cause of death appeared to have been burning. The jury found that deceased was found dead, having been accidentally burnt to death.
(P.7, Argus, 14-7-1870.)

EventDeath Event registration number6709 Registration year1870
Personal information
Family nameBULLOCK Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's nameThomas Mother's nameCatherine (Unknown) Place of birthSOME Place of death Age51 Spouse's family nameHAYSOM Spouse's given namesSarah

GRAY Edward. Grantee of 106 acres at Melway 190 J 11-12 between Stony Creek and Shoreham Rd.

Mr Candler held an inquest on the 25th inst, at Dromana on the body of Edward Gray, aged 60 years, a farmer at Balnarring. On the 24th inst. the deceased and his son were burning trees, to clear a paddock, and the son hearing a tree fall near the deceased went up and found the deceased lying dead,with a log across his feet. The deceased was digging at a sapling, when the burning tree fell on him. His skull was fractured. A verdict of "accidentally killed" was returned.(P.7, Argus,29-9-1874.)

EventDeath Event registration number7475 Registration year1874
Personal information
Family nameGRAY Given namesEdward SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameMartha (Unknown) Place of birthENGL Place of death Age60 Spouse's family nameBUTCHER Spouse's given namesCharlotte