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ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-1918, ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

Every Anzac Day, a large crowd assembles near the Edna Dunk memorial clock to honour our Anzacs. Tonight I discovered that the Dromana Historical Society and the Dromana R.S.L. have received funding for an Anzac Centenary project but the Rosebud lads will not be included. This has prompted me to write about those named on Rosebud Primary School's ROLL OF HONOUR. Few of those who assemble for the Anzac Day ceremony would be aware of the roll of honour and the Rosebud R.S.L. may well be unaware of its existence. Those most likely to know about the Roll of Honour are the youngsters from Rosebud Primary School where it is displayed prominently near the office. It honours former pupils of the school. In 2010,I recorded the names of those who served in W.W.1 when I started my research into the history of Rosebud and the Mornington Peninsula and last year,on Anzac Day, I wrote a short journal about the Anzacs from Rosebud and Tullamarine. At Rosebud, there is also a roll of honour for those who served in W.W.2 and I plan to include them later in this journal.

My search for information about the roll of honour and those named on it is not going to be as easy as I thought it would be, but the following is of interest.
Land subdivision in the Rosebud area made building blocks available and additional families settled in the area. Rosebud State School, number 2627, was served by a number of Head Teachers over the years and when war broke out in 1914 Mr Charles Perrin was in charge. He volunteered for war service in the last term of 1915 and was replaced as Head Teacher by Mr Andrew Allingham who was to stay on as Head Teacher until the end of 1927.

Local men who joined the Army are listed on the 1914-18 Honour Roll which has been kept at the school. For many years it hung over the fireplace in Room 2 but is now mounted on the wall outside the office.


Mr Charles Perrin, the former Head Teacher, was killed in action in 1918.
(History - Rosebud Primary School
www.rosebudps.vic.edu.au/index.php/history‎)


ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-1918.(*= SUPREME SACRIFICE.)
ADAMS R.W,; BAKER E.; CAIRNS G.B., C; CARLETON G; CONNOP J.E.; COUPER G.; CORNELL P., JAMES, JOHN;
DUNK L.A.; HOBLEY R.?*, G.,J; JAMES E.; McCORMICK K.; McGILLVRAY JAMES*,JOHN, ARCH.,ALF.,ANDREW;
PEATEY J.E.*,G.; PERRIN C.R.*; PETERS C.; POTTON S.; RIGG N.,C; WICKHAM G.,W., H.

A BIT OF LOCAL HISTORY.
You may be thinking that the roll of honour does not contain many names. This is why.

At the start of world war 1, Rosebud was a sleepy fishing village with most of its residents living in the fishing village itself,that is the house blocks fronting the beach between the present Village Green and the east end of the foreshore board walk. The Peateys, whose tale is told in Rosalind Peatey's PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS (available in the local history room at the Rosebud library) had been living across McDowell St from the school since 1888 but they were among the very few living on the inland side of Pt Nepean Rd.

Captain Henry Everest Adams was probably the first resident of Rosebud* but the year of his arrival is unclear; the Dromana Pioneer Pathway gives it as 1845. He is said to have beached his schooner at Adams' Corner (site of the McCrae carwash) and used its timber to build a cottage. With the help of his son,Robert Henry,the cottage was extended or replaced with a larger dwelling that served for many years as a guest house named Hopetoun House (later Merlyn Lodge), named in honour of the Governor, Lord Hopetoun, who often stayed there on the way to inspect the fort at Pt Nepean. The land between The Avenue and Parkmore Ave,,crown allotment 20, Wannaeue,seems to have been reserved for a village (and may have been leased from the Crown by the Captain) until about 1877 when lots in Wannaeue Village were advertised for sale. By 1864, the captain owned crown allotment 19, east to Adams Avenue, which had been granted to his friend, Isaac White. In the land boom of the 1880's a developer had bought crown allotment 19 and some blocks between South St and the beach were sold but when the bust hit,most of the land reverted to Robert Adams' ownership. Parkmore, built by Albert Holloway in 1896, was on this early subdivision.

(*Edward Hobson had earlier squatted on the Safety Beach area and then Tootgarook, built a lime kiln near Marks Ave, Rosebud West, and Hobson's Flat near Rosebud was named after him, but he did not seem to have lived in the Rosebud area.)

The Cornells were holiday makers (as far as I'm aware)and must have stayed for some time if the children attended school at Rosebud. A street is named after the family. (Melway 159 B10.) In 1910 June Connell of Caulfield owned "6 acres and building" which according to ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA was on part of a large tract of land on Arthurs Seat where George Smythe , a Flemington tanner,had planted a wattle plantation and built the hut for his caretaker. William John and Mrs Caroline Coburn were farmers living at Springbank
(88 acres) whose homestead was burnt to the ground only a few years later. The Coburns were related to the Burrells and had bought some of the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right,Catherine Burrell retaining only 70 acres.
The Burrells, Cornells and Coburns seem to have been the only families occupying houses on the bay side of the road to Cape Schanck between the rocks and Adam's Corner.

The land between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd,crown allotment 18,was subdivided before 1875 when it was bought by Robert White but only one block,lot 86 was sold. This two acre block on the FJ's corner was the site of a shop built by Jack Jones,Rosebud's only shop for many years. In about 1892 the remaining 150 acres passed into the ownership of the Bamford family and later the Potton family of Brunswick. An entire chapter of the late Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD is devoted to HENRY POTTON'S FARM. This area was subdivided by DeGaris, a developer who committed suicide twice. Obviously his first effort was faked and he was nabbed as he disembarked in New Zealand. His house (19 Mitchell St), which he called Wahgunyah is heritage-listed and was probably the only house standing on c/a 18 at the start of the war.

Between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk was c/a 17. This had been subdivided before 1878 when George and Susan Peatey bought lot 76. A much smaller school site was bought in the 1880's but this subdivision was not much more successful than that on c/a 18. Vale,the estate agent, revived the subdivision about three decades later. Between Norm Clark Walk and First Avenue were crown allotments 16 and 15 which were subdivided as the CLACTON-ON-SEA ESTATE, which is also the subject of a chapter in Peter Wilson's book. Despite raffles conducted on steamers and competitions on the radio with free blocks as prizes this subdivision also met with little success. Many who did buy blocks forfeited them through non-payment of rates and Peter detailed how the shire and charitable groups redeveloped the Banksia Place area near Eastbourne Rd in fairly recent times.

At the start of world war 1,there were two houses between First Avenue and Boneo Rd,Hindhope Villa (50 First Avenue) and "The Thicket", situated on the large round reserve at the end of The Drive. Crown allotment 14 had been split into four properties of 29, 29,40 and 16 acres. In 1910, one of the first two was owned by Gregory Rigg,farmer, and the other was bought by his wife soon afterward. Together,these made Hindhope,which fronted Pt Nepean Rd and included 50 First Avenue and all the Hope St house blocks.Also in 1910,Ramsay Couper owned the 40 acre block and Nora Couper the 16 acre block which together constituted "The Thicket". Last night,I found an article about the Rosebud Park Estate,which was almost certainly The Thicket.

SITES AT ROSEBUD.
Old Homestead Property.
Community settlement methods have been applied to the lay- out of the Rosebud Park Estate. An old family home has been made the pivotal point of a plan which begins with a direct avenue from the house to the Rosebud beach, and extends in circular and radial roads over a wide area of beautiful timbered country, with a
long frontage to the Boneo road...... A very large central recreation park been preserved around the
old homestead, which is to be used probably as a cafe or clubhouse.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 December 1927 p 6 Article.)


The land from Boneo Rd to Chinaman's Creek contained two houses at the start of world war 1,"Eleanora Davey Cairns'"Eleanora",which still stands in the Rosebud Hospital and the Wong-Shing house on the market garden near the creek.

The known houses on the south side of Pt Nepean Rd at the start of W.W.1, from the rocks(Anthony's Nose) to Chinaman's Creek, were therefore the McCrae Homestead,the Cornells' house, the new Springbank, Hopetoun House, Parkmore, Wahgunyah, the schoolmaster's house in the state school grounds,the charred remains of the Peatey house on lot 76 of c/a 17 behind the school,possibly the McDowell house (lots 77,79 and part 75 with building on c/a 17 in 1919), Rosebud Ted Cairns (lots 49-54 of c/a 17), the homesteads of Hindhope and The Thicket, Eleanora and the market garden house. The residences of soldiers listed on the roll of honour not known to have occupied any of the above houses were most likely in the fishing village, farming properties (to be specified) or on crown allotment 17.

Many of the fishing village blocks had become holiday homes or vacant blocks owned by such as the Buchers, Judith Mavis Cock's great grandmother (Emily Durham),Eva Dunk of Williamstown, George Fountain (North Melbourne's last Mayor) and Arthur Boyd's maternal grandmother (Mrs Evelyn Gough of St Kilda.)
Thus the names on the roll of honour constitute a considerable proportion of Rosebud's permanent population.

Service details come from THE A.I.F.PROJECT.
ADAMS
R.W.Adams was almost surely Robert William Adams, better known as Billy, who is not listed in the A.I.F. PROJECT. Billy who bought Keith McGregor's carrying business (see under Len Dunk) was born in 1886.He married a Miss Pain,who died, and later Miss Hill.

"Robert Henry Adams'youngest boy Robert William Adams would have been the Billy Adams,Mabel's brother, who bought Keith McGregor's run to the city. Born at Tootgarook in 1886,he married a widow (nee Pain) in 1914,who gave birth to Edith in 1915 but died two days later. Billy went to war in 1916 leaving the baby with her maternal grandmother. He returned minus a foot. In 1921 he married Mabel Gertrude Hall. Dorothy Mabel,their third child was born in 1926 at Boneo and married Fred Parker. They had a son,whom they named Dean."
(ADAMS'CORNER, R.F.Gibb,2010.)

DEATHS
ADAMS-On the 31st March at his son's residence, Rosebud, Robert H., beloved husband of the late Mary Jane*, of Hopetoun House, Rosebud ; loved father of Henry, Emma (deceased), Eva (Mrs. Dunk) Flora (Mrs Freeman), Mary (deceased) Helen (Mrs. Harvey), William (of Rosebud), May (Mrs McGregor),Edith (Mrs Reeves), aged 96 years. Very old resident. (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 1 April 1937 p 1 Family Notices)

BAKER.
There was more than one Baker family in Rosebud. CHECK INITIAL!!!!!!!!

PAGE 86,ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD,Peter Wilson.
A wound to his ankle suffered during W.W.1 caused Harry Baker to walk with a limp,throwing his right leg forward. Harry lived in a house situated at 9-11 Rosebud Pde and rented a shop in the Broadway Theatre building, almost opposite his house, where he sold green groceries. He used a Dodge ute to buy stock at the Victoria Market and to do Saturday deliveries. On the last school day in 1939, the pupils at Rosebud State School were surprised at a visit from Father Christmas but were probably equally surprised to find that there were two men who walked exactly the same way. The smarter ones knew immediately that Santa was Harry!

CAIRNS
I have suggested in another journal that there was a relationship between the Cairns family, early pioneers of Boneo, and members of the Cairns family living in the parish of Lyndhurst. This seems to be confirmed by Godfrey Brown Cairns' name being on the Rosebud roll of honour.
16080 CAIRNS, Godfrey Brown Lyndhurst, Victoria Field Artillery Brigade 4, Reinforcement 6
2785 CAIRNS, Christopher Ernest Flinders, Victoria 37th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement

The following are not on the roll of honour but are members of the same family.
27757 CAIRNS, Archibald Flinders, Victoria Field Artillery Brigade 15, Reinforcement 6
3535 CAIRNS, Ernest Charles Joseph Boneo via Dromana, Victoria 8th Light Horse Regiment, 31st Reinforcement
603 CAIRNS, Reuben Rosebud, Dromana, Victoria 9th Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Reinforcement

CARLETON
1058 CARLETON, Gordon Henry Glenarm, Sorrento, Victoria 6th Battalion, C Company

CONNOP
4676 CONNOP, Jack Edward Moorooduc, Victoria 23rd Battalion, 12th Reinforcement

It is likely that Edmund Connop was related to the above.
799 CONNOP, Edmund Moorooduc, Victoria 22nd Battalion, D Company

Edward Connop married Ellen,daughter of Ned and Mary (nee Campbell)Williams.In 1900,Edward Connop occupied land on Browns Rd,east of Truemans Rd,that had been granted to Ned.
WILLIAMS.-On September 9, at Eastbourne, Rosebud West, Edward Thomas son of the late Edward and Mary Williams, beloved brother of James, Caroline, Ellen(Mrs. Connop, deceased), Marion (Mrs.Edmonds, deceased), aged 91 years. -At rest.(P.11,Argus, 10-9-1947) P.S. James Williams died the next day!
The following death notice proves that at least one of the Moorooduc Connops was the son of Edward and Ellen.
CONNOP -On October 13 at the residence of her son, Mornington road, Tyabb, Ellen wife of the late Edward Connop, in her (89th?) year.(P.4, Argus,14-10-1941.)


CORNELL.
The only P.Cornell listed was from New South Wales. As June Connell of Caulfield was assessed in 1910,it is highly likely that the following soldier was related to her.
35014 CORNELL, James Leslie Kooyong Road, Caulfield, Victoria Field Artillery Brigade, Reinforcement 27

Despite the Murrayville address,the following may have been the letter writer (below) of 1941 and also related to June. As he obviously preferred his second given name,he was probably the P.Cornell listed on the roll of honour.
22226 CORNELL, Henry Percy Murrayville, Victoria Engineering Field Companies, General Reinforcements

The Roll of honour lists P., James and John Cornell so the next entry is indicative that Percy and John had left home together in search of land or employment and that their mother might have been a Coburn.
2114 CORNELL, John Coburn Murrayville, Victoria 7th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
R2114 CORNELL, John Coburn 7th Battalion, 21st Reinforcement

The Cornell family's contribution was obviously not confined to World War 1.
MONEY FOR WAR EFFORT
Sir,-Few people admit a responsibility for maximum war effort. An authoritative leader is required to compel all to do what is advisable. The energies of the Australian people are being directed to a war effort thus:
-(1) The men who have enlisted are obviously all in. (2) Those in factories producing war material are doing something. (3) Those who are producing and distributing may or may not be diverting any service to war
ends. The only way to divert the people's services to a war effort is through the pay envelope. Don't leave it to individuals to invest or not in war savings certificates. Assess the soldiers' effort as datum and compel groups Nos. 2 and 3 to contribute all income above that of No. 1 to war savings certificates. Non-war services
should be reduced to the minimum. After the war many may have to stand down for returned men, and this would be
offset somewhat by substantial credits in war savings certificates
-Yours, &c, Rosebud. H. PERCY CORNELL. (P.8, Argus,26-4-1941, MONEY FOR WAR EFFORT.)


COUPER
These are the only two whose given names start with G.
2347 COUPER, George Arthur Kelvin, Banksia Street, Botany, New South Wales 4th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement
11692 COUPER, Guy 64 Station Street, Box Hill, Victoria Supply Column 3, Army Service Corps 26
CHECK INITIAL ON ROLL!!!!!!!!!!!!!


DUNK
7000 DUNK, Leonard Alexander 24 Hunter Street, West Brunswick, Victoria 14th Battalion, 23rd Reinforcement

Len Dunk had followed Jimmy the Squid Williams of Eastbourne and Keith McGregor in providing a passenger service to the Mornington railhead,also picking up the catches of fish from the side of Pt Nepean Rd. Keith,who had married Mabel Adams, introduced motorised transport while living at the homestead of "The Thicket". When Keith moved with his brother to wheat farm near (Stawell?) in about 1922,he sold his business to Mabel's brother Billy (who was probably R.W.Adams,the first entry on the roll of honour but not listed in the A.I.F. PROJECT.) Billy must have later sold it to his brother in law,Len Dunk.(Billy and Mabel's sister,Eva, had married Andrew Dunk.)

Len's run was timed to meet the train at Mornington but did not allow for punctures!

TRUCK DRIVER FINED
RUSHING FISH TO MARKET.
Leonard Dunk, carrier, of Rosebud,was charged at the Frankston court with having driven a motor truck weighing less than three tons and fitted with pneumatic tyres at a speed in excess of 30 miles an hour on Pt. Nepean road on April 2. Constable Fraser said he followed defendant's truck along Pt.Nepean road towards Frankston for two miles. The speed registered ranged from 35 to 46 miles an hour.

Dunk, on oath, said he had some trouble with a tyre on his truck which caused him to miss a train at Mornington. As he had fish on his truck for the Melbourne market he drove on to Frankston in an endeavour to catch the train there. Defendant, who admitted prior conviction for a similar offence was fined 4 with 12/6 costs. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard,18-7-1931.)


In 1920, Mrs Eva Dunk of West Brunswick was assessed lot 8 and buildings,part Crown allotment 20, section B,Wannaeue. ( Lot 8 of C/A 20 is roughly indicated by the northern end of Lonsdale St.) Eva was the wife of Andrew Dunk whom she had married in 1902 and it is possible that Len had moved to the big smoke in search of a job and was staying with them. (ADAMS' CORNER,R.F.Gibb,2010.)

HOBLEY

Pasted from my journal about Frederick Hobley.
Frederick Hobley was a prominent member of the Victorian Police Force. The Chief Commissioner,who had come from Scotland Yard where forensic science was well developed,reorganised the Criminal Investigation Branch in 1938.Detective training courses, run by Frederick Hobley, were organised at the headquarters in Russell St, Melbourne. Frederick was an expert in photography and ballistics. He spent much of his time in investigating baffling cases and giving expert testimony in courts.(Trove.)
Frederick's father was William Henry Hobley, who was born at Schnapper Point(Mornington)on the Mornington Peninsula,Victoria,Australia in 1857. William married Elizabeth James at Main Creek (possibly Red Hill) on the Peninsula on 11-6-1884.By 1885 William and Elizabeth were settled at Rosebud on land for which William received the grant in 1890. The International Genealogical Index-Southwest Pacific shows that their first child, William Henry Hobley, was born there on 31-8-1885. Then followed George (2-2-1887),Ethel May (2-5-1889), Joseph (1-5-1894), Charles (9-8-1896), Frederick (4-10-1898), Elizabeth Violet (26-1-1901),Harold (20-6-1904)and Samuel (17-5-1906), all born at Rosebud. Their next child, Ernest, was born at Leongatha in Gippsland on 24-8-1908


The following information was supplied in comments under the journal.
by estevard on 2012-02-09 03:24:24
William Henry HOBLEY and Elizabeth JAMES had another son, Richard, who was born around November 1891 near Dromana (presumably at Rosebud). He enlisted in the AIF on 19 September 1914 and served with the 8th Light Horse Regiment. He was at the Gallipoli landing and was killed in action on the Sinai Peninsula on 9 August 1916. His service record can be accessed at the National Archives of Australia. There is also an entry for him at http://alh-research.tripod.com/Light_Horse/index.blog/1944364/8th-lhr-roll-of-honour-richard-hobley/.

Two of his brothers, George and Joseph, also served in the AIF. Both survived.

by itellya on 2012-02-09 06:39:42
Extracts from emails sent to the editor of the Great Southern Star (Leongatha area.)

Rosebud did not forget the Hobleys; all three boys were remembered on its Roll of Honour.

If you google "Hobley, Leongatha" you will find much of the information I sent you on the first page and the 7-7-2010 (page 2, Soldiers Worth Remembering) article as item 7 on page 2 with the heading GREAT SOUTHERN STAR.
As I've stated, Joe's name was on the list, but George's wasn't. He was born in Rosebud in 1887 and the family moved to the Leongatha area sometime between the births of two children in 1906 and August, 1908. This would mean that George was about 20 when they arrived there. He enlisted in Western Australia and died there but it likely that he spent some time in your area before moving to W.A. Even though he may not have been a longtime resident, his family connection would have entitled him to inclusion under the rationale applied with most war memorials. If you google Hobley, George, A.I.F., the first three sites will be the service records of George, Joe and Dick.
In relation to George's residence in the Leongatha area, the family was there by Feb., 1907. (Morwell Advertiser 15-2-1907, page 2; Palmros v Hobley case over a lease. When George was listed as dangerously ill and then recovering, his address was given as Leongatha in both reports.
I'll attach a bit of background. I thought William Henry Hobley had drowned himself in a waterhole in 1921 during a visit to Rosebud but notices indicate that he might have resumed cab driving. He was certainly not in financial strife judging by the estate he left Elizabeth.

There were Wickhams at Rosebud at the same time as the Hobleys and both families were members of the Methodist congregation. It is interesting that there were Wickhams at Sale. It was probably W.H.Hobley's son in law who saw Jim Melrose crash at Melton South.

The Leongatha police and school and the communities at Mardan (where Fred's dad was living when he died by drowning at Rosebud in 1921) and Koorooman East (where his widow was living when granted probate of his will) might like a copy of Who am I?

William Hobley and his son were praised for travelling from Rosebud to fight a fire that started on the area now called Safety Beach and split into two fronts that threatened to engulf Dromana. (Mornington Standard 21-1-1905.
by ngairedith on 2012-02-09 06:48:07
RICHARD 'Dick' HOBLEY
Regimental number - 390
Place of birth - Rosebud, Victoria
School - Rosebud State School No. 2627, Victoria
Religion - Methodist
Occupation - Farmer
Address - Leongatha, Victoria
Marital status - Single
Age at embarkation - 23
Next of kin - Father, William Hobley, Whelans Ro, Leongatha, Victoria
Enlistment date - 19 September 1914
Embarkation details - Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A16 Star of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll - Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll - 8th Light Horse Regiment
Fate - Killed in Action 9 August 1916
Place of death - Bir-el-abd, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt
Age at death - 24
Age at death from cemetery records - 23
Place of burial - No Known Grave
Commemoration details - Jerusalem Memorial, Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour, 6 Australian War Memorial


GEORGE HOBLEY
Regimental number - 5116
Religion Methodist
Occupation - Farmer
Address - Nyabing, Western Australia
Marital status - Single
Age at embarkation - 29
Next of kin - Father, Mr W H Hobley, Leongatha, Victoria
Enlistment date - 12 February 1916
Embarkation details - Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A9 Shropshire on 31 March 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll - Private
Unit from Nominal Roll - 11th Battalion
Fate - Returned to Australia 22 February 1917


JOSEPH 'Joe' HOBLEY
Regimental number - 2027
Religion - Methodist
Occupation - Farmer
Address - Wheelan's Receiving Office, via Leongatha, Victoria
Marital status - Single
Age at embarkation - 21
Next of kin - Father, William Henry Hobley, Wheelan's Receiving Office, via Leongatha, Victoria
Enlistment date - 6 August 1915
Embarkation details - Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 28 January 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll - Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll - 3rd Field Artillery Brigade

Recommendations (Medals and Awards) - Distinguished Conduct Medal
Refers 3 December 1917.
Recommendation date: Unspecified

Fate - Returned to Australia 12 May 1919

Medals
* Distinguished Conduct Medal
... 'For conspicuous galantry and devotion to duty. While his battery was in action a box of bombs close to one of his gun pits was set on fire by an enemy shell. He at once left his gun pit under heavy enemy shell fire, and, with the assistance of one man, carried four burning boxes of bombs away from the position. He showed total disregard of danger and great courage and initiative.'

Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 110
Date: 7 August 1918
by estevard on 2012-02-10 16:52:26
Further to 2012-02-09 06:39:42

The death registration for William Henry HOBLEY shows him dying "on or about 10th November 1921 near Rosebud", the cause "suicide by drowning. Verdict of inquiry held by Mr. A. V. Shaw J.P. on 12th November 1921".

On another matter Hobleyesque --

The Edward WICKHAM mentioned in newspaper reports of the Melrose air crash, and ensuing inquest, in 1936 is almost certainly Elizabeth Violet HOBLEY's husband. The 1936 Commonwealth electoral roll for the division of Corio, subdivision Melton, lists just one Edward WICKHAM and he appears with Elizabeth Violet WICKHAM, living in Melton South. He is shown as a labourer which more or less tallies with newspaper descriptions of him as a mill-hand.

Edward had an earlier brush with mortality. The Bacchus Marsh Express for Saturday, 3 January 1914, reports that three lads, including Edward and his twin brother George, discovered the body of an "old man" (it turns out he was only 60) while out rabbiting on Christmas Day 1913. It reminds one slightly of Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry.
by skater on 2012-11-11 01:14:06
Hi - great to see this wonderful research. Edward and Elizabeth (Ted and Vi) were my grandparents. Gran had a wonderful big picture of Richard, George and Joe in uniform on her wall. I can remember my Pa talking about the plane crash - I think he was more frightened giving evidence at the inquest! I have pictures of both William and Elizabeth Hobley hanging on my wall. thank you


MCCORMICK.
709 McCORMICK, Keith Herbert Rosebud PO, Rosebud, Victoria 8th Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Reinforcement.
Keith Herbert McCormick was a farm labourer and a nephew of Mrs D.James of Rosebud.

The family of the late MR.DONALD JAMES, of Rosebud, desire to thank all kind friends who sent expressions of sympathy in their recent sad bereavement. Will all please accept this
as a personal expression of thanks. E. JAMES.(P.2, Standard, Frankston, 12-8-1948.)

The James family was related to two other pioneering families in the area,the Whites and the Hobleys. Bullocky Bob White was brought up as Robert James and was actually granted land under that name. (27A,section B, Wannaeue on the east side of Main Creek Rd.) D.James was granted 19A (south of the Ditterich Reserve at Main Ridge) on 21-1-1878. Charles James was assessed on 272 acres in the Wannaeue Division on 3-9-1864 and in 1879,Daniel James was leasing 100 acres from the Crown, the rate collector being unaware that title had been granted and that 19 A consisted of 105 acres 2 roods 13 perches.

P.15,ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA. (From my notes,not verbatim.)
"On the far side of the road (from the fishing village) lived Granny James,who saw and rode on her first train at 80.

In 1910 Mrs(David?) James was assessed on 3 acres and building at Rosebud and Donald James,a contractor of Rosebud was assessed on 1 acre and building owned by Robert Henry Adams but it was discovered that Donald was not in occupation. Charles James was assessed on Fleming's crown allotments 8 and 9 of the fishing village and another lot and building in Rosebud. Keith was 19 when he embarked on 12-2-1915.

MCGILLVRAY
(McGILLVRAY JAMES*,JOHN, ARCH.,ALF.,ANDREW; ) CHECK!!!!!
Surely my transcription was not that sloppy! There is only one entry in the A.I.F. PROJECT.
616 McGILLVRAY, John 236 Sydney Road, Brunswick, Melbourne, Victoria 23rd Battalion, C Company
John was a leather worker and his father was Mr McGillvray,of the same address, which is a fat lot of help.

In 1900,Donald McGillvray had just replaced John Cain as the occupant of 316 acres, 5, 6,section A, Wannaeue.
By 1910 he had been followed on 5 and 6 by Andrew Buchanan,a grazier of Flinders.

Crown allotments 5 and 6 were bounded by Boneo Rd, Hiscock Rd, and Cape Schanck Rd,extending 4960 links (992 metres)south of Hiscock Rd. (Roughly Melway 170 B-D 8-9 including the Wedgewood, Cleek and Mashie subdivision and the southern part of the Country Club course to the west.)

PEATEY
jack

1164 PEATEY, George Rosebud Post Office, Victoria 7th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement

PERRIN

PETERS

POTTON

RIGG

WICKHAM

ROWLEY, JENNINGS, MULLENS, WILLIAMS OF RYE/ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Last night I chanced upon a notice of the marriage of Robert Rowley and Christina/Christena Edwards which I added to my MALLEE TO RYE:THE ROWLEY CONNECTION journal. I also sent a copy of the addition to Linda Berndt, who with Phil Cain, does much research on the area west of Rosebud for the Rye Historical Society, whose museum in the grounds of Rye Primary School is well worth a visit.

Linda replied to my email providing much information, demonstrating why I like to connect people who private message me about the same family. Each person might not necessarily double previously found knowledge but the pool of information will certainly be bigger.

One thing that perplexed me was that the two Williams brothers died only one day apart, according to the late Ray Cairns, but only one was named on the grave inscription where he was buried in the same grave as his sister Carrie. Linda supplies the reason! The Rowley, Jennings and Williams families are discussed in several of my journals.

WALTER JENNINGS
NOTE THAT WALTER JENNINGS, NOTED TENOR AND LEADER OF THE FRANKSTON CHORAL SOCIETY, WAS NOT RELATED TO THE JENNINGS FAMILY OF RYE, MEMBERS OF WHICH LATER RAN A DAIRY AT THE CORNER OF PT. NEPEAN RD AND ROSEBUD PDE, OUTSIDE WHICH STANDS A STATUE OF JACK JENNINGS AND A POTTED HISTORY OF HIS FAMILY.

Walter Jennings formed a touring company in about 1914, and in the absence of Walter and the accompanist,the Frankston Choral Society was forced into temporary recess. Decades later,Walter was still in high demand to perform in concerts and was advertised as a drawcard.

ON TOUR.
Rochester Express (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Tuesday 26 May 1914 p 3 Article
... Walter Jennings, who possesses one of the most beautiful tenor voices at present in Australia ETC.

Heyfield Herald (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 9 April 1914 p 2 Article
... Mr Syd Stewart, clever comedian and female impersonator; Mr Percival Wilmot (bdsno), Mr Walter Jennings (tenor), and Miss ilosa Walton, in charming monologues and songs at the piano.

DECADES LATER.
Frankston & Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 29 January 1937 p 3 Article
... Nellie Melba. It is probable that Mr., Walter Jennings, the noted tenor, will also appear, if .
(Wally needed a lift to Somerville, most likely from Rosebud, in order to appear!)

Here's Linda's reply.

Thanks xxx,
Do have Ronnies details through Dad. Most interesting. I know Bob Rowley always said his great grandparents were married in Tasmania and his writings attest that. Havent written much about the Rowley's because Bob wrote so much. It is his writings in Nells book. Nell Arnold you may like to know is now 103!!! Although in care she is still with it mentally.

I was looking at your writings this arvo. I can clear up the Williams cemetery story for you. It is common knowledge around the older Rye folk that the two Williams boys always fought. When they died Caroline said she would be buried between them to keep them apart in death. The reason one doesnt have a headstone and the other does is because one saved his money so Caroline bought him a headstone. The other was less frugal so she didnt get him a headstone and wouldnt outlay the cost herself. The kids at school love that story!!! We do a working bee in the cemetery every week and that story gets told EVERY week.

xxx, I was also having a look at the Jennings bit. Although there were also Jennings at Rosebud in the early part of the 1900s, this family is not related to us in any way. Walter Jennings had a beautiful singing voice and was a fine musician. I know he played a lot around Frankston. I have copied across the ones that arent relevant to my lineage. You may also be interested to learn that although the newspaper article states Cec married in Portsea he was actually married in Northcote, about 3 days after that article appears! Just goes to show you cant believe all that goes in the papers.There may have been a pre wedding gathering at the Tucks in Portsea but not sure, certainly no wedding there.
K. Jennings, the hiker was Kath (Hannah Katherine Mary) Jennings, daughter of Cec. She ended up marrying Wally Faux from Horsham and settling there, her sister and a brother also ended up in Horsham. That is how Clarrie ended up there for a few years.
Our Jennings family arrived in 1914 and until the 1920s when they leased the Tootgarook Run from the Purves family (by then named Rye Park) and my great grandfather bought a milk round from Rowleys they only lived in Rye on the farm boarded by Dundas, Weeroona (then Jennings Rd) and Browns road.
The Rye farm which was first known as Milangil then changed to Kariah after old Dod died was sold by Cec in the 1950s. My great grandfather Ern sold his part to Cec in the 40s. The family had the chance to purchase the land in Tootgarook which extended from Government Road to Morris street and back as far as Brights drive for a pound an acre but my great grandfather said no because the land would never amount to anything!!!!! The original homestead on the corner of Leonard street was knocked down about 4 years ago. (#@**%$ Shire). It was a wattle and daub place which had been bricked around, the original fence posts were there until the place was knocked down also. This was the site of the first licenced inn.
Jennings book being launched at the Family reunion on the 26th April. I will make sure Rosebud Library get a copy.

I enjoy your writings, every now and then I click on to see whats there, keep it up!!!
Linda

Those assessed in 1919 on land in section A# were:
A.L.Adcock, Red Hill, 6, 7, N.A.V. 2 POUNDS!; H.Cairns 14, c/o Mrs Papper, 433 George St.,Fitzroy; Mace, Wangaratta, 84, 85,86; W.R.Mullens 17, 18, c/o Jennings Rosebud; J.Patterson,Rosebud, 13; Mrs Emily June Ada Nethercote, Hawthorn, 12.
Not all of the above gained title. H.Cairns could have been Harry or Helen, neither of whom died for some time so the partly paid-off block may have been sold because of financial difficulties or an offer that couldn't be refused. The Mullens and Jennings family were related by marriage as shown in part 1*.
(# Of the Hindhope Estate)

15--- 9-3-1921 --Gladys Iris Jennings-50'-----Plaza Car Park to east kerb of entry/exit separator.
16--- 9-3-1921----Gladys Iris Jennings---50'-----to diagonal crack in footpath west of entry/exit.

JENNINGS CONNECTIONS (FROM HINDHOPE PART 1. which specifies the land bought north of McCombe St. by Gladys.)
ALWAY-JENNINGS.-The marriage of Betty Irene, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Alway, Hillside avenue, East
Malvern, to Frederick Rowland, youngest son of the late Mr. Walter Jennings and Mrs.G.Jennings, Rosebud, will be celebrated at St. John's Church, Finch street, East Malvern, on Monday, April 15, at 5.30 p.m. (P.10, Argus, 12-4-1946.)

JENNINGS (nee Gladys Mullen). On the 10th November, at Nurse McInne's private hospital,Box Hill, the wife of Walter Gordon Jennings,of "Dalgabeena," Blackburn a son (Gordon Roberts).(P.11, Argus,12-12-1914.) So that's why the Mullen assessment was to be sent to Mrs Jennings in 1919!

MULLEN.-On March l8, at Hobart, Lt.-Col. L. M. Mullen, loving brother of Gladys (Mrs. W. G. Jennings. Rosebud,
Vic). -Duty nobly done.(P.2, Argus, 20-3-1943.)

ROBERT ROWLEY'S MARRIAGE.
ROWLEY-EDWARDS - By the Rev. J Smithies, at the house of Mr Joseph Tongs, Illawarra Christina Edwards, the only daughter of Mr William Edwards, of Newborough, Fife, Scotland, to Mr Robert Rowley, of Dromana, Victoria.
(Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Tuesday 22 January 1861 Edition: MORNING p 5 Family Notices)
There was an identical notice on 1-1-1861 but I could not re-find it.

Hi XXX,
You got me wondering about the Rowley marriage. Have done a check on Ancestry and also with the Tasmanian Records online. Robert Rowley married Christina Edwards at Longford, Tasmania on 28 Dec 1860 rego number 553.
Cheers (from Linda Berndt.)

The following makes it possible that Robert Rowley worked for Peter Pidoto at Dromana for 15 years or more. He received the grants for 46A and 46 Wannaeue on 13-2-1883 and 7-7-1886 respectively. It would seem that Robert left Dromana soon after Emma's birth, built a house on the foreshore while continuing his aquatic activity,as a fisherman,and then turned to farming,settling and building a house on 41A before 1879. (See below.) The spelling of his wife's given name is given as Christina in all family notices seen so far;Christena could be an error made by the carver or transcriber of the grave inscription.

Mary Christina Rowley BIRTH: 1866 Dromana, Victoria, Australia ...
records.ancestry.com/Mary_Christina_Rowley_records.ashx?pid...‎
10 Records - Born in Dromana, Victoria, Australia on 1866 to Robert Rowley and Christina Edwards. ... Potential photos and documents for Mary Christina Rowley.
Emma Rowley BIRTH: 1875 Dromana, Victoria, Australia DEATH
records.ancestry.com.au/Emma_Rowley_records.ashx?pid=164047352‎
Emma Rowley. Found 10 Records, 4 Photos and 582,137 Family Trees. Born in Dromana, Victoria, Australia on 1875 to Robert Rowley and Christina Edwards.

ROBERT ROWLEY'S SECOND HOUSE IN RYE.
Ron Doig,a Rowley descendant told me that Robert's first house in Rye was on the foreshore opposite the post office,his second house was near the southern boundary of 41A (south of Belar St near Carboor St, Melway 169 C8) and his third at 17 Lyons St.

The second house would have to be the one referred to below.
"Tourism commenced in a small way late in the 19th century,in the form of an old pioneer's house which was owned and built by Robert Rowley before 1879,being converted into the "Alma Guest House" (sic?).
(2461 - 5 PNR Rye HERITAGE ASSESSMENT 090522 - Mornington ...
www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/files/af39f772.../101506da_att_231_5.pdf‎)

The crown allotments on the west side of Truemans Rd between Pt Nepean Rd and the freeway reservation were granted to Ben Stenniken,James Trueman and Robert Rowley. James Trueman's 112 acre crown allotment was subdivided as the Doigs' Oceanaires Estate (eastern half) and the western half as the Almaray Estate. The latter estate name combined the names of Panda's hairdresser,Raymond Guest, and his wife Alma. The origins of other street names on the two estates are explained elsewhere. Houses on both sides of Bona and Guest Streets are on the Trueman grant. It is likely that Alma and Ray Guest bought all or part of the land south of the Guest St houses and that ALMA GUEST lived in Robert Rowley's pre-1879 homestead. It is possible that the house was used as a guest house by Robert Rowley because James Little Brown "stayed with Robert for a few weeks" when he arrived in Rye from the Mallee. It is also possible that Robert named it Alma House but I believe that "Alma Guest House" means a house belonging to Alma Guest.

A CORRECTION- BRUCE BARBOUR AND GEORGE PAGE BARBER.

It was only when I started transcribing my handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I realised that I might have reversed two surnames which sound identical. I had tried googling the name of the author of the STRATHMORE COMMUNITY WEBSITE on several occasions,without success. I remembered his name of course. It was one of the hundreds of names in my little black book of history contacts that I circular-filed when moving to Rosebud.

The reason for my lack of success was RIGHT SOUND-WRONG SPELLING. In my mind, Bruce's surname had become Barber and Thomas Napier's son-in-law had become George Page Barbour; you'll never find an entry in Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS, PAST AND PRESENT (1888) for George Page Barbour but you will find one for George Page BARBER (still at Warrnambool after being a partner in one of Melbourne's earliest law firms). It was when I started transcribing the index for KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS that I suspected my memory had,in the words of Maxwell Smart,"Missed by that much!"

Bruce and I had several lengthy phone conversations but I never realised how far-ranging his interests lay as shown by his OVERSITE below. It would be interesting to know if he was a descendant of Robert the Bruce or the author of the tale. I feel privileged to have been of assistance to such a clever man.

It could be said that Bruce's OVERSITE corrected my OVERSIGHT!

Oversite
A Personal View
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Thank you for visiting my site.

This site contains some thoughts on a range of subjects which interest me. I will slowly add more subjects over time.

An understanding of the functioning of a society is important, particularly if you wish to address some of the social problems that are occurring, such as crime. A comprehensive theoretical understanding of social processes is necessary to ensure that any policy put in place addresses all aspects of the problem and does not have unforeseen consequences. The article "Sociology and Criminology" is part of my attempt to understand the workings of society. The approach offers a simple rational understanding of crime. It is my attempt at an over-arching theory of crime which strangely seems to be missing from crime theory. There are a lot of theories but they tend to only take account of crimes for a particular socioeconomic sector or crime type - no theory ties them together. Another thing that I noticed about current crime theory is the lack of a theory which takes account of a persons beliefs and philosophies. Some of the greatest crimes in history are due to misguided beliefs e.g. Hitler's belief in Aryan superiority and the numerous religious wars. So it is quite logical to me that belief and personal philosophy can also play a part in the lesser crimes of society.

Australia becoming a Republic is not the most pressing of issues facing the country however it will come up again in the future. It is important that Australia gets the correct model of the Republic. The Republican movement is hopelessly split. Direct Election of a President has a number of risks for Australia and is not preferred. I wrote on this at around the time of the Republican Forum. The article "The Republic" is a modified version of this.

The Internet is of course a subject of great interest. I have some concerns that the Internet will be dominated by big business and big Government, to the exclusion of community groups. It also concerns me that the Internet could be another force for the destruction of local neighbourhood community as people find it easier to communicate outside the community through the Internet. However this need not be the case if the community can realise the potential of the Internet to communicate, not just across the world but across the street. I have set up "The Strathmore Website" as an example of a community website and also written some further ideas in "Internet and the Community".

The environment should be the concern of all citizens. I have listed some practical suggestions for changing our current approach to the environment in "Green Oversite". All we need is the will to change.

The Miscellaneous Ideas Page is a holding page for short pieces I have written. Some are based on letters I have written to politicians and others when I recently found myself with a bit of extra time on my hands (some call it unemployment) and the Government at that time seemed to be calling for ideas.

The Music and Other Stuff includes some of my favourite music as found on YouTube - sorry no free downloads here. Also includes a YouTube climate change and other documentaries.

Favourite Software is my selection of the most useful free software that I have found.

I hope you find some interest in the above articles even if you do not agree with the sentiments expressed. I encourage you to Email me if you wish to comment on any of the articles.

Cheers!

Bruce Barbour.

KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS (STRATHMORE, PASCOE VALE, WESTBREEN, GLENROY, HADFIELD), VIC., AUST.

Much of my history cannot be reproduced as journals, because without the many maps etc., a lot of the text is meaningless. A copy of the handwritten KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS would have been provided to at least one library but may be difficult to locate, and as it consists chiefly of yarns,it will lose little as a journal.

INDEX.
aborigines 8, 41; accidents 24; "Ailsa" 41; airports 1A,13; "Aldersyde" 55; Anderson J. 3; architects 40; "Ardmillan" 40,41; Ashurst H.G. 30, 44; "Ashleigh" 19,52;Attwood J. 43.

Balsh 5; Barber G.P. and Eleanor 1C, 3, 33, 35; Barber Irene and Dr.N.C. 4, 33; Barrett's dairy 12, ?; Batman John. 19;"Bayview Farm" 50,51,52; Belle Vue 2,3,7,30-1,38,49,55; Belle Vue Heights Estate 4;Boundary Hotel 5; Bourke H. 4; Bowring J.3,55,56; Box Forest 5, 49, 55: Bradshaw 5; Breen Miss 6; Brewster E.J. 1B,1c,32,33, 37,39,44; brick kilns 35,48; Brickmakers' Arms Hotel 48; Brisbane J. 3,44; Brisbane Line 14; Broadmeadows Shire- 2,6,43,48; Broadmeadows Township 18,51; Brooks, Sir Dallas 9; Bryant R. 56; Buckley Capt. 41; Buckley Wm. 28;
building materials 10,19; Bulla Rd 1,2,3; Bulla Shire 43; Burkitt F.A. 55; Burns J. 30,44; Butler E.30; Buzzard-34, 37; Byron Vale Estate 4,38,39,47,52.

cable trams 10,22; Caldwell,Arthur 11,13; Callaghan 2,44; Cameron 6,7,8,51,54; Campbell 7; "Camp Hill" 13; Carnarvon Rd 1B,2,3,4,46; Carr H. 3; cars 10,11,19,26; Cavenagh 5; Chalmers W. 5; Chance R.2; Chapman J.55;
Chicken Farm Lane 19,21; Chinese 15,29; Chisholm F.. 19; Clarke W.J.T.(Big) 33; Cobb & Co. 16, 37; Cobb,Eliza-(see Fawkner); Coburg 6,8,9,10,11,26;Cochrane 50,52,54; Cockerell 14;Coghill D. 43,50; Collins,David 28;Connor,Gordon 1A,42; Cook,Albert 10,13,16,18;Cooke, Bernard James 2,3; Coonan's Hill 1015;cows 9,10,11; Craven A.W. 39; Cross Keys 13;Crotty 20; "Cumberland" 42-3,50;Currie 1C, Curry,Frank 10,20; Curtin John 14; cycling track 9,15.

"Dalkeith" 20;Dalton Miss 54; Davies (District Inspector) 6,14;Davies family 55;Deakin,Alfred 42; Deep Creek Road 3; Delaney M. 3; depressions 10,23,47; Doutta Galla parish 1A,1C,2,13; "Dundonald" 43,50,51; Dunn, Thomas 34.

Earle 40; Earlsbrae 2,41; education 5-9; English Joseph and John 3,4,30,49,55-6;Essendon Aerodrome 1A,13; Essendon(borough etc)2,37,40,48,52; Essendon Football Club 4,24,37,41,42; Essendon Hill Estate 4; Essendon schools 8,9.

Farmer G.13; farming types 11,14,47,52; Fawkner (suburb)5,7,9; Fawkner J.P.,John,Eliza 1A,2,5,6,8,28-31,40,55,56; Fenby 24;Ferris C. 3,49; Five Mile Creek 5; Fleet Electrics 10,11; Fletcher W.38; footy 4,26,37, 41-3; Foster J.F.L. 48; Fox M.3.

Gaffney St. 6,10,24; games 10,19,25; Gellibrand Hill Park (now Woodlands Historic Park) 43,46; Gibb A. 8,48,50; Gibson A.E. 55; Gibson G. 4; Glassen 24; Glendura (sic,Glendewar)43; Glenroy (suburb, farm)6-9, 50-53; goats- 9,10,15,16; "Gowanbrae" 13; "Gowrie Park" 7,8,41,48; Goyder F. 5,56; "Green Gables" 10,17,18,44; greyhounds 9; Grimes,Charles 28; Gumm Jemmy 28.

Hadfield 8,55; Hadfield Cr.R.5; half-houses 13,16,19; Hall (Pascoe Vale newsagent) 24; Hall John 1B,1C, 2,3; Hammond J.S.H. 4,45; Happy Valley 10,11,12, 21; Harrison 5; Hawkins W.J. 3, 56; hay and corn stores 10,11,15; Hayes 4, 45; Henderson's Paddock 8; Heron 49; "Hiawatha" 18,36,38,39; "Hilton" 52; Hodgson 1C,3,44; Holland P. 44; horses 8-12,15,42; hospitals 8,52; Hounslow J. 2; house on the island 9,10,15; Howse J. 1A,4; Hudson 1C,4; Hume Highway 12.

Influenza 8; Ingles J. 48; Ingram R. (teacher)6; Ironsidel J. 13.

J.Oops,I skipped a letter when compiling the index. Samuel Jackson would certainly be one of the missing names.
I'll try to remedy this later.

Kearney 2; Kelly 14; Kelly J.S. 4;Kerferd St. 1B; Kennedy D. & D. 50-55; Kernan J.Snr.(died 1879) 2,3,39, 44-5; Kernan family 4, 30, 34,44-5,55; Kerr Family 50-54; Kilburn 34, 47; ; Kirk's Bazaar 10,17, 39; Knight2,3,49,56; Korman 31.

Land prices 10,12,17,19,29,30,33,37,41,47,52,55; Lane,Dodd 10,12,19; Lane J. 8; "Langdale" 55; "La Rose" 40; "Lebanon" 1C,4,12,13,16,17,18,36-8, 39,45,47; Lewis R. 7,48; Lincoln Rd 3,4,46; Lind 4, 38; Lloyd, George 3,8,17,19; Loeman, Michael 39; Logan,Shaw 10,18-20,52; Lowther Hall 2,18,41; Lyons 1C, 3,4.

McAinch W. 54; McCord J.39,46-7;McCracken Alex and Mary E. 4,36,8,40-43, 45; McCracken family 2,40,41,49; McCrae Dr.F. 40; McCulloch,William 8,50,52,54,55; McDougall Robert 3,53,54; McGowery 14;McLachlan L. 2,44;McMarlin 5; McMurchison 5; McNamara 2,32; McPhail D. 40,48; "Magdala" 4,12,33,35-6; Maribyrnong 12,44; market gardens etc. 10,15,47; Marnell 5; Marshall 14; "Meadowbank" 8,48; Melbourne history 120; Mercy College 41; "Merai Farm" 30,44,55; migrants 6,11,14; milk 10,20; Mills family 12; Mills A. 48; Mills W.48; Moonee Ponds Creek 9; Morby/Mawbey J. 2; Morgan family (Pascoe Vale) 3,49,56; Morgan ("Niddrie") 32; "Mt Sabine" 6; Murphy, Bridget 2,Murray, William 3,55.

Napier Park 36; Napier Park dog track 9,15; Napier,Theodore 1C, 3,4, 12,33-6,45,48,56; Napier,Thomas 1C,2,3,6, 32-5; Nicholson 24; "Niddrie" 1C,5,7,32; Nixon J. 3, 47; Noonan P. 54; Norfolk Rd 6; North Essendon , 11-13; "North Park" 40-43,48.

Oaklands Hunt Club 43; Oak Park 7,9,56; Oates J. 12, 17; O'Brien E.(teacher) 6; Ormond Rd (Ascot Vale) 2; O'Shea (mechanic) 19.

parishes 1B; Pascoe 5; Pascoe, Hannah 28; PascoeVale Estate4; PascoeVale Rd 2,9; Pascoe Valeschools 5,7,9; Pascoe Vale shops 24; Pasture Hill farm 50,51,53,54; Peachey family 5,6,14,49,55; Peachey-Kelly Town 10,14; Pearson 52; Peck family 1C,3,4,13,16,36-9,42,47; Peck Ave. 2,5,10,27,39; Peucker 24; Pike,Jim 10,21; Pines the
3,49,56; Plunkett 14; Port Phillip Farmers' Society 40; poultry 9; Pow J.K. 2; prisoners 10,17,24,28,29.

Randall 12; rationing 10,26;Reddish 55; Red Rooster 10,16,18,49; returned servicemen 10,1?;Richards 5; Roberts 13,36; Robertson A. 2,56; Robertson James (three!)7,8,40,41,48; Robinson T.B.C. 7-8,48; rodeos 10; "Rosebank" 1C,4,33-4; "Roseneath" 33; Rowe, Archie 24; Rutherford 13; Ruthven 7.

saleyards 13; Salmon,William 4; "Sawbridgeworth" 52-3; schools 5-9,34; Scott J.3; Shaw J.W. 3; shops 10,15,24; Sinclair D. 40; slaughteryard 1A; Smith A. 3; Smith,James 2; Smith John 5,37; Smith, William 2,30,35,42,49; Somerton 44-5; Somerville, Townshend 2,3,34; South Wait (Sic, Southwaite)1A; Stephenson H.("Niddrie") 1C,3,7,8,32; "St John's" 1A,1C,29; Standen 55; Stoffers 5;Strange's garage 13; Stranks T. 54; Strathmore Heights 1A,1B,1C,10,13; Strathmore overpass 9; Strathmore (name) 5,6,10,12, 34,46; strathmore schools 6-10,12; SunriseEstate 4; swing bridge 10,16.

Tasma Theatre10,16; Taylor A.C. 1A,1C,3; Taylor J. 5;Thackerill 24; TerminusEstate 4; Thompson E.J. 45; Tomkinson 14; Toy,Alma 14;transport 10-14,19-2226-7,41; Travellers' Rest Hotel 1A; Trennear 4,45; "Trinifour" 41; Tucker, George 2,44; Tullamarine Freeway 7,9,15?, Tullamarine parish 13, Tullamarine Progress Association 13; two-up 10,20.

Urquhart 2; U.S.A. 3,16,36,39.

V.F.L. 4,24,37,41,43; videotape 10,18.

Walker Mrs A. 4; Walker T. 7; war 10,13-14,17; Watson J. 30; Watt,John and Annie 53-4;"Waverley" 55;way of life 10,21-3; Welsh 44; Westbreen 6,10,12,14,55; Weston 6; White M.S. 4; Wilkie 5; Williams,Colin 42; Williams W. 1B,2; Wilson 14; Will Will Rook Cemetery 3,36,38,48; Will Will Rook parish 1C,5,8,43,53; Willy 4; Wiseman family 19,52-4; Wood E. 4; Woodland St 2,4,33; "Woodlands" (Bulla) 43; Woolley 24; Wright E. 2.

Young, Charles 2; Young Queen Inn 30,49,46; Young,Thomas 2,54,55; Yuroke 44.

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KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS. Started in mid 1990, which explains mistakes such as "Glendura"-the way I had heard it pronounced. Text will be transcribed verbatim,warts and all, but comments will be added in italics.
Foreword.
This history is like a diary. It traces my growth of knowledge about Strathmore and the land to the east and west of Pascoe Vale Rd from a stage where I knew little about its history. If some of my statements earlier in the book seem to carry little authority,if wrong assumptions are made and later corrected,if footnote numbers are in the wrong order, while they may cause some difficulties to the reader,hopefully they will convey the sense of adventure experienced by the historian and enable you to share in the excitement of a new discovery, an assumption confirmed and so on. Thus,with warts and all,here is my history.

CONTENTS.
P.1A. A documentary history of Strathmore including rate records and parish maps.
P. 5. Excerpts from "Vision and Realisation" (Education Department centenary history,1972.)
P.10. 1930-1955. Based on a videotaped interview with Jim and Peggy McKenzie.
P.28. Pioneers and their properties (several sources.)
P.48. Pioneers in "Victoria and its Metropolis" (1888.)
P.50. Glenroy (Glenroy, Jacana and Glenroy West.)
P.55. South of Glenroy Farm. Whatever happened to "Belle Vue"?

MAIN SOURCES.
1.BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY,Andrew Lemon.
2. THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED. (City of Essendon),Grant Aldous.
3. VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS,PAST AND PRESENT (1888),Alexander Sutherland.
4. THE GOLD THE BLUE (History of Lowrher Hall school),A.D.Pyke.
5. ESSENDON CONSERVATION STUDY,Graeme Butler.
6. VISION AND REALISATION. (1972 centenary history of the education department.)
7. THE OAKLANDS HUNT. D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.
8. LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER. C.P.Billot.
9. POST OFFICE DIRECTORIES.
10.RATE BOOKS (BULLA,BROADMEADOWS,KEILOR).
11. GEORGIANA'S JOURNAL.McCrae.
12. PARISH MAPS (DOUTTA GALLA,JIKA JIKA, TULLAMARINE, BULLA,YUROKE.)

My thanks to Jenny Shugg at Gladstone Park High School library for enthusiastic assistance.

Page 1A.
Just as I found when interviewing old timers about Tullamarine's history, it is impossible to limit a localhistory to any specific area. For social or work reasons,people were dependent on,and travelled through, nearby settlementsand farmland While my original intention was to write a history of Strathmore, so much of Pascoe Vale,Hadfield and even Coburg has been introduced that a change of title was needed. The oral history supplied by Jim and Peggy McKenzie covers an area with a radius of about three miles from Pascoe Vale Primary School.

A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF STRATHMORE.
See comment 1 about maps and the attachment.
As can be seen from the maps where part of the parish of Doutta Galla is superimposed on current (1990) Melway maps, Strathmore consisted of the eastern half of section 16, most of section 23 and all of section 15.

Grant Aldous states in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED that the area first occupied by the Essendon aerodrome was known at that time (1921) as St Johns*. This name comes from George Frederick Berkeley St John,the grantee of the 525 acre section 23. St Johns only fronted the part of Bulla Rd now known as Wirraway Rd with John Hall's "Southwaite" fronting the road north to the boundary with the parish of Tullamarine (the line of Sharps Rd.)Southwaite was later farmed by John B.Howse who had a slaughteryard there. The Howse family also operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel (bounded by Dromana Ave, Matthews Ave and Louis St and including Rood St) which burnt down in 1899.
*In an Oaklands Hunt report,it was once wrongly called St John's Hill, the name of Brannigan's farm many miles to the north.

Gordon Connor told me about Jack Howse's slaughteryard and as a young lad heading up to help with the harvest at his grandmother's farm was also impressed by how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were; this was due to Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. In 1920,A.C.Taylor had the western 290 acres of St Johns.

St John, a police magistrate and commissioner of crown lands for the county of Bourke was accused of taking bribes by John Pascoe Fawkner of Belle Vue Park (across the creek from St John's grant.)Fawkner was sued for libel but had the satisfaction of seeing St John resign both positions and depart for England in disgrace.

PAGE 1B.
The map shows four parishes. Doutta Galla and Tullamarine were west of the Moonee Ponds Creek being respectively south and north of the line of Sharps Rd. Jike Jika and Will Will Rook were east of the creek and respectively south and north of (roughly) VictoriaSt/Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd. Grantees may be found from the parish maps. (e.g. Jika Jika,COUNTY OF BOURKE; the parish name followed by the words in capitals.)

The diamond-like subdivision of section 16 (see attachment) accounts for the angle of Kerferd St and the bends in the avenues between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd. The part east of Bulla Rd that became part of the Shire of Broadmeadows,was alienated in 1862 and the part to the west (shire of Keilor) was alienated in 1865.

My map shows grantees in the various parishes except that Donald and Duncan Kennedy's partitioning of the Glenroy Estate (sections 1 and 6,Will Will Rook) is shown rather than the names of speculator grantees,Hughes and Hosking. Thomas Napier,usually associated with today's Strathmore, was the grantee of 17B, Doutta Galla,which was named "Niddrie" by its next owner, Henry Stephenson,who also occupied the western,300 acre portion of section 23,Doutta Galla.
Surnames mentioned re page 1B in the index are as follow:
Parish of Tullamarine- Foster, Kenny.
Parish of Doutta Galla-Foster,Hall, Fawkner,Purnell,St John, Wright,Crichton,Connor,Phelan,Napier,Nicholson, Mairs*,Anderson,Mansfield,Williams,Cooke,Brewster.
Parish of Will Will Rook-Kennedy.
Parish of Jika Jika-Fawkner.
(*David Mairs, pioneer of the parish of Blackwood and then the parish of Bittern, about whom I have written a journal.)

Page 1C.
This page is mainly a composite Melway map on which details of current ownership (in sections 15,16 and 23)from an UNDATED Doutta Gallaparish map are superimposed. The parish map is wrong in regard to details concerning John Hall's "Southwaite" and "St John's". John Hall's 100 acre property (22B and D) is shown as being partly on St John's (section 23) but Stevenson (300 acres) and Hodgson (225 acres) fully account for the 525 acres of section 23.

This does not mean that other details are incorrect but they should not be taken as gospel.

John Hall's Southwaite was actually west of the line of Vickers Ave.
The boundary of Stephenson's and Hodgson's portions of section 23,both of which fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek,was not a straight north south line but a chevron heading south west from the creek and then south east,(e.g.<). I believe I have a map in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA on which the boundary had been plotted from descriptions in title documents. This and other information will be made available to any researchers whose ancestors, such as Mawbey and Sir John Franklin, were involved in section 23. Hodgson's 225 acres were previously occupied by Robert McDougall of "Arundel" near Keilor,accounting for Harry Peck's description of Stephenson and McDougall as (unneighbourly) neighbours.

No owners of section 16 land are shown on the Keilor Shire (west)side of Bulla Rd so this version of the parish map was probably produced by the Shire of Broadmeadows some time after the death of Thomas Napier (as indicated by Napier and Barber in section 15.) On the east side of Bulla Rd Hudson is shown as the owner of Essendon airport land north of the Tullamarine Freeway. As this would have adjoined John Murray Peck's "Lebanon", I presume Hudson was William Hudson of Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion (35-9 Ardmillan Rd,Moonee Ponds if I remember correctly) and Hudson's Paddock bounded by Mantell,Derby,George Sts(roughly)and Ardmillan Rd. Hudson was one of the partners in the stock and station firm of Hudson, Peck and Raynor until John Murray Peck left to form a new partnership with his son, Harry Huntington Peck (author of MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.)

Cam Taylor,later to own the western part of St John's,owned the western half of the chevron between First and Balmoral Avenues while Lyons owned the eastern half,fronting Carnarvon Rd. (One of these blocks,both bisected by Dublin Ave., may have later been owned by Dodd Lane!)

Section 15 west of Pascoe Vale Rd is shown as being owned by four people.Napier and Barber are shown as the owners of the land between Woodland St and a line indicated by the Lloyd/York St midline (the northern boundary of Theodore Napier's "Magdala") and the bends in Glenview Rd, Bournian and Collegian Avenues and Hillsyde Pde(the northern boundary of George Page Barber's "Rosebank".)Barber, one of Melbourne's early lawyers, had married Thomas Napier's daughter, and they lived for many years in Warrnambool, where George continued his legal career, until her father's death. Theodore had been given the western part much earlier and had built Magdala which survived until 1927 when it was destroyed by fire. (I believe the occupants at the time are named later in the book.)Barber built the present historic"Rosebank" mansion not far from the site of Thomas Napier's original house.

Most of the northern portion was owned by John Kernan (probably his estate)of Merai Farm. Its western boundary is indicated by the line of Esmail St continued south to Magdala's northern boundary. To the west, Hudson had part of section 15, adjoining his section 16 land at Lincoln (Carnarvon/Arvon)Rd. Hodgson probably sold his land to John English who claimed title to St John Franklin's northernmost 12 acres of section 15 due to adverse possession, John Murray Peck having occupied it since 1882 when he moved into "Lebanon".
(Google SIR JOHN FRANKLIN'S 12 ACRES.)

Barber's land,called "Rosehill",boasted a mansion with a nett annual valuation of 200 pounds in the Broadmeadows Shire assessments in 1900. A normal house would have a N.A.V.of about 10 pounds. Almost opposite was Alexander McCracken's North Park mansion in the municipality of Essendon. As in the case of John Kerr's "Kerrsland" near the north end of the Glenroy Estate,these two houses were the result of Presbyterian pioneers but were saved from decay by the Roman Catholic Church.

N.B. Pages 1A, 1B and 1C have involved a complete rewrite because of a need to describe map details and extra information gathered in the 23 years since this book was written.

PAGE 2.(Sentence continued from 1A.)
It is unlikely that St John lived on section 23 but if he had,there would have been few neighbourly words exchanged across the Moonee Ponds Creek with the owner of Belle Vue Park, John Pascoe Fawkner.*

*St. John v. Fawkner.
IT is proposed to raise the amount of the expenses incurred by the Defendant in the above action, in exposing the system of Bribery and Corruption carried on on by an officer of the Government. Subscriptions will he received at this office.Argus Office,11th December, 1848.(P.3, Argus, 20-2-1849.)

Details about the three maps,which has already been given.

The area north of Woodland St was until recently (1979) in the Shire/City of Broadmeadows whose ratepayers give further information about that undulating land which today bears the name of STRATHMORE. Bernard J. Cooke, whose land was west of Bulla Rd, was deeply involved in the early years of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and, as Grant Aldous relates in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED,he was involved in a dispute with Peter McCracken over a seat on council.

John Thomas Smith,who had land between Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd was known to bribe voters with free oranges, according to Aldous. It is likely that these were grown on his section 16 grant rather than near Fenton St,Ascot Vale where he built Ascot House; Dr Harbinson's grant just across Bulla Rd contains a street called Orange Grove and a Keilor history mentions the Northern Ireland medico's oranges.

1863. William Smith (much of Lebanon); John Kernan; Lawrence McLachlan (leasing from Kernan); Pat Callaghan; Bridget Murphy (leasing from Callaghan); Samuel Jackson (see Victoria and its Metropolis); John Kent Pow; Thomas Napier; Patrick MCNamara (leasing from Napier and Urquhart); Alexander Kearney (leasing much of the north eastern quarter of section 16 from the grantee,W.Williams);Alexander Robertson; J.T.Smith; B.J.Cooke; Thomas Young; James Smith; John Morby (sic); John Hall;Townshend Somerville (leased from grantee,R.Chance, 14 acres fronting Woodland St, Bulla Rd and Carnarvon Rd.)
Across the Moonee Ponds Creek in today's Oak Park were J.P.Fawkner; James Hownslow; George Knight; George Tucker*; William Smith (old Young Queen Inn); and Charles Young*.
* Ratepayers were listed geographically so it is assumed that Tucker and Charles Young were on Fawkner's Jika Jika grant with the others whose locations are known.


PAGE 3.
1880.
Edward Wright (leased from J.B.(sic)Cooke,land near Essendon); James G.Brisbane (leased from Kernan, Doutta Galla); Hugh* Peck, house and 34 acres,PascoeVale,i.e. Lebanon; John Hall,house and 115 acres,Doutta Galla, i.e Southwaite; Josph Nixon (leasing from Sam Jackson);Samuel Jackson; Thomas Kelly Land, Essendon Division (section 16); Robert McDougall**,200 acres,Doutta Galla; Mrs Thomas Napier,80 acres,Doutta Galla;Theodore Napier 20 acres,Doutta Galla; Joseph Nixon (leased from Kilburn,100 acres, Doutta Galla; Townshend Somerville, land,Doutta Galla; H. Stevenson**,land,Doutta Galla (the western 300 acresof St Johns.)
The following were all described as being at Pascoe Vale,meaning today's Oak Park,north of the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Joseph Bowring 100 acres; Frank Goyder (publican and racing identity, leasing 100 acres from John English); William Jones 20 acres (probably including the former Young Queen Inn paddock); John Kernan,210 acres,i.e.Merai Farm; Mary Knight 150 acres; Mrs.W.Murray,house and 77 acres; Frederick Morgan,40 acres,i.e.The Pines (Fred married Helen Maria Knight.)

*This was Lebanon and Hugh Peck, a money broker and land agent FROM ENGLAND seems to be totally unrelated to John Murray Peck (from New Hampshire U.S.A.) I assume that William Smith had lost his grant or mortgaged it.
**Thus Harry Peck's description of the shorthorn breeders being neighbours.

1900.
James Anderson, Essendon Hill (section 16,leased from Lockwood); Eleanor Barber (Thomas Napier's daughter), 22 acres "Rosehill"; George Barber,gentleman,Rosehill mansion and land,N.A.V. 200 POUNDS; Alexander Robertson, 200 acres Doutta Galla,leased from Hodgson executors; Henry Carr,44 acres Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd; Charles Ferris 18 acres,Pascoe Vale,leased from (Land Mutual?) Bank; Michael Fox, land Essendon Hill; John Kernan, villa and 120 acres leased from Hodgson, house and land,Pascoe Vale,leased from Napier; Martin Delaney,contractor, 20 acres LINCOLN RD*,leased from Lyons; John Scott,20 acres Pascoe Vale leased from T.Napier; Alfred Smith,dairyman,land Essendon Hill;Stevenson Brothers, 310 acres, Deep Creek Rd;William J.Hawkins, butcher, 134 acres Pascoe Vale.

The use of the original name for Bulla Rd is strange. *Carnarvon Rd was called Lincoln Rd.


PAGE 4.
1920.
Bulla Rd (east side.) John B.Howse (leasing from Hall)house and 100 acres,i.e. Southwaite; A.C.Taylor ;,house and 290 acres (Stephenson's former western portion of section 23); John S.Kelly 4 blocks totalling 179 acres and 2 houses; Edward Wood, house and 14 acres (see Townshend Somerville in 1863);

Lincoln Rd(Carnarvon Rd.)Thomas Lyons 20 acres; Harriet Bourke house and 31 acres; Sunrise Estate 29 acres; Irene Barber 71 acres;

Woodland St (north side.) Theodore Napier, house and 33 acres "Magdala";Harry Hudson, house and land; Michael S.White, house and (39?)acres; Mrs A. Walker, 20 acres leased from Willy on creek; William Salmon house and 140 acres. (Salmon actually lived in "Roseneath" (on the Essendon side of Woodland St)built by David Duncan and the death place of Big Clarke and donated Salmon Reserve, through which Five Mile Creek ran,to the council.)

Byron Vale Estate. Harry H. and Richard Peck 43 acres; GeorgeGibson,N.S.W.,5 acres; Ralph Lind,inspector,house and land.

Pascoe Vale Rd.(SOUTH OF BRIDGE.)
John Kernan house and 21 acres; John N.S.Hammond 4 acres; David Hayes 6 acres; John Trennear house and 3.5 acres; Mrs M.McCracken* house and land leased from Mrs L.Peck; Mrs Louisa Ellen Peck house and 38 acres, "Lebanon"; J.M.English** 200.5 acres; Emily Lind land.
(*The house was almost certainly Wannaeue, later occupied by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary,Albert Cook (after the new shire hall was built near the station in 1928)thus acquiring the nickname of Cook's Cottage.It was demolished without a permit and Red Rooster near the pedestrian bridge now occupies the site. John Murray Peck was dead and his English-born wife had Lebanon. Their daughter Mary, who had married Alexander McCracken, was also a widow and had left the North Park mansion in Woodland St to live in "Wannaeue" near her mother and her brother ,Harry, who lived in "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.)
(**English has taken over Hodgson's 200 acre eastern portion of section 23.)

The lads returning from W.W.1 were eager to marry the sweethearts who had waited for them,prompting a resurgence of subdivisions as had happened in the boom before the 1890's bust.The 1930's depression put an end
to this second boom with the result that Jim McKenzie and his mates could ride over empty paddocks to Dodd Lane's place in Dublin Ave. Lack of building materials because of W.W.2 further delayed house construction with half-houses and concrete tiles a sign of the times.

Subdivisions in 1920 and people associated with them were as below:
PASCOE VALE ESTATE Mrs Emily Lind (Lind,Vernon,Hood and Lincoln Sts.)
ESSENDON HILL ESTATE Mrs Sarah and Samuel Davidson.
SUNRISE ESTATE Mrs M. and Frank Callaghan.
TERMINUS ESTATE Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.)
BELLEVUE HEIGHTS ESTATE Sold by W.R.Blair and Sons.
ROSEBANK ESTATE Norman Charles Barber M.D.

It looks as if suburbia has arrived. And yet in the days of the second world war,youngsters such as Jim McKenzie could ride over the Napier St area and pass only a few houses.

PAGE 5.
Apart from the oral history of Jim and Peggy McKenzie,the suburban development of the area,and more distant history can be gleaned from the pages of VISION AND REALISATION,the centenary publication of the Victorian Education Department (1972.) Each school's history was written by a staff member and not everything can be taken as gospel. For example the Gladstone Park school is described as being in the parish of Doutta Galla (south of Sharps Rd!)and Niddrie Primary School was said to be on Niddrie Farm (17A Doutta Galla)when it was actually on 17B (Spring Farm.)

Strathmore is said to have come from the name of a valley near which Thomas Napier had lived in Scotland. The area and the Strathmore station were originally called North Essendon, a name that persisted near Bulla Rd.

SCHOOLS IN THE THREE MILE RADIUS (OF PASCOE VALE STATE SCHOOL.)-SUMMARIES.
(Closure of schools and half-time schools,where each operated for half the school day with a teacher travelling from one to the other,often across swollen creeks, during his lunch break were consequences of the 1890's depression which started to bite in 1892. The Government was almost broke. VISION AND REALISATION should be available from municipal libraries and any school operating in 1972 and still open. Summaries for schools outside the area of investigation are much briefer than those within it.)

S.S.47 FAWKNER (BOX FOREST.)
A non-vested school established by the C.of E. on 20-11-1854 with Walter Chalmers as H.T. and an average attendance of 9. Under the department a site was purchased in Oct. 1874 and a wooden schoolhouse was built to accommodate 72 pupils. It closed in 1892.
(Some Box Forest families in 1949 were Bradshaw,McMarlin,Marnell,Turner,Wilkie,Balsh and McMurchison.(P.O. directory.)By 1880,the Cavenagh, Harrison, Jukes, Jones, Pascoe, Peachey,Richards, Stoffers (Boundary Hotel?),Smith and Taylor families were assessed by Broadmeadows Shire. Box Forest was section 2 of the parish of Will Will Rook purchased from the crown by John Pascoe Fawkner in March 1850 on behalf of contributors to his land co-operative.It was officially renamed in honour of Cr Rupert Hadfield of Broadmeadows Shire.

S.S.483 ESSENDON (PASCOE VALE.)
A forerunner of the Raleigh St school was at the junction of Five Mile and Moonee Ponds Creeks (Melway 28 J-K2) and accessed via Government Rd. It operated from 1858 until 1863.
(Some of the pupils may have lived on the Cross Keys Reserve which was divided into small blocks. In 1863, the school moved to a site near Windy Hill but not apparently the present one.)

3081 PASCOE VALE.
A two mile train trip allowed children to be taught at S.S.483 NEAR WINDY HILL until fares became too expensive. It opened in a leased Church of Christ.....

PAGE 6.
...building in 1891 with Robert Ingram as H.T. In 1894, as an economy measure,it was joined to S.s.484 Coburg. A site was purchased in 1910 at the corner of NORFOLK ROAD (now Gaffney St) and Cumberland Rd.,and it was occupied in September 1911 with Edmund O'Brien as H.T.

S.S.3118 GLENROY.
Glenroy was named by D.Cameron after aplace on Inverness,Scotland. Opened on 6-4-1891 in a leased building and the Wheatsheaf Rd school commenced in April 1908. Overcrowding was eased by the opening of Glenroy North (1956) and Glenroy West (1958.)Nett enrolments reached 1350 between 1956 and 1959.

S.S.4015 ESSENDON NORTH.
Opened 1-9-1920. Enrolments: 270 in June 1921, 550 in 1928, 956 in 1953 and 436 in 1970. Summary brief , the school being outside the area being discussed.

S.S.4158 WESTBREEN.(Formerly Mt Sabine.)
Mt Sabine* was the name of a large property in the area. The school opened in 1923 in a hall on the Mt Sabine Estate.District Inspector Davies suggested Westbreen as the school's name,being a combination of the names of two bus proprietors, Weston and Miss Breen. In about 1932,part of the old Pascoe Vale school was erected on 3 acres purchased from H.Peachey. From 1950 a migrant hostel in the army camp and subdivision of farmlands made enrolments seem to double and re double almost overnight. In 1954 more than 40% were migrants from northern and central Europe.Overcrowding was eased when 130 pupils transferred to the new Broadmeadows East school.

(*In 1990, I knew nothing about the internet. Now I use trove all the time so it wasn't hard to find a reference to Mt Sabine:
GEACH-On the 21st March, 1928 at Miss Hill's private hospital, Fitzroy, Frank Herbert,beloved husband of Alice Ethel Geach, Mount Sabine,Pascoevale, father of Nerissa, Frank,Catherine, Miriam Hermione, Edwin, and Edwina, in his 66th year.A friend to all mankind.
However I seem to recall that Pascoe Vale Girls' School started in the Mt Sabine homestead (we'll soon see) so I doubt that Westbreen state school's 3 acre site was on the Mt Sabine farm. Frank may have bought a Box Forest (Hadfield) block which was part of the estate of Frank Geach Snr late of Mt Sabine,not the MT SABINE ESTATE.)

SEE COMMENTS RE MT SABINE. (NO MENTION IN PASCOE VALE GIRLS'SCHOOL ENTRY; INFORMATION WAS READ BUT NOT RECORDED.)

S.S.4612 STRATHMORE.
Strathmore,a valley in Scotland was the homeland of the Napier family. (N.B. If this is correct,the valley must be near Montrose on the east coast-V&I.M. 1888.) Theodore Napier owned agricultural land having Woodland St as its southern frontage; the school was built on this land. Due to wartime problems, the school opened incomplete on 4 acres purchased by the Broadmeadows Shire Council. Destroyed by fire on 28-11-1945,the buildings were not replaced until December 1946. (N.B. This was probably due to a lack of building material which persisted for some years after the war.)By 1960 nett enrolments reached 807.In 1967-8,the removal.......

PAGE 7.
......of many houses to make way for the Tullamarine Freeway caused another big drop in numbers,the opening of Strathmore North on 9-2-1961 having seen 106 pupils depart.

S.S, 4704 PASCOE VALE SOUTH.
Opened on 2-2-1954 with 180 pupils. Freeway construction with resultant demolition of houses caused a decline with numbers.

S.S.4721 OAK PARK.
Opened with 180 pupils in February 1954. Within a short distance is the site of John Fawkner's home and the houses of the school commemorate Fawkner and his three assistants* (sic),Stephenson Campbell and Cameron, who farmed the land. Nett enrolment was 813 in 1965.
*The Camerons were overlanders and leased the Glenroy Estate (which they named), north of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park grant,from speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Robert Campbell, resident near the Merri Creek in 1849 may have been the grantee of section 4, Will Will Rook, north east of Fawkner's Box Forest. Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" had the western 300 acres of St John's south and east of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park.There is absolutely no evidence that they worked for Fawkner and neighbours might have been a better word than assistants. Stephenson might have been on St John's before Fawkner's death.

S.S.4731 PASCOEVALE NORTH. (Melway 17 D7, s.w. cnr Kent and Derby Sts.)
On 12-3-1842,crown land in the parish of Jika Jika was purchased by Thomas Walker of Sydney. A masonry veneer building of 16 classrooms was built and occupied on 13-3-1956 with the enrolment rapidly reaching 600.

S.S. 4779 NORTH FAWKNER.
Opened 1-7-1957 with 245 pupils and had a nett enrolment in December,1970.

Not knowing the location of Fawkner North which was not listed in my 1999 Melway, I found mention of it in the Wikipedia entry for Fawkner.
Within the suburb of Fawkner, there are two government primary schools: Fawkner Primary and Moomba Park Primary. Two Catholic primary schools were also built: St. Matthew's PS and St. Mark's PS (1934). Fawkner Secondary College began in 1956 and an Islamic college, Darul Ulum College of Victoria, was established in 1997 on the grounds of the former Fawkner North Primary school.[7] Historically, the Fawkner Technical School was built on the site west of the Moomba Park Primary School at the same time the primary school was established. Fawkner Technical School was eventually demolished to make way for residential allotments. Bruce Smeaton, composer and musician taught at this school which started out as an exclusive boys school of high repute.

4782 GLENROY NORTH. (FORMERLY BROADMEADOWS SOUTH.)
Opened 11-9-1956 with 850 pupils. Nett enrolment was 795 in 1970.
South west corner of Cardinal Rd and Daley St and separated from Glen and Delhi Sts. by house blocks in 1999.

4787 NORTH PARK.
Opened 10-9-1957 with 97 pupils, mainly from Pascoe Vale North and Westbreen Schools. Nett enrolments: early 1958 -330; 1967 -780; 1970 -700. This seems to have been at about 13 Bedford St, Hadfield where modern housing isshown on the street view. It was not shown in the 1999 Melway so it was probably jeffed like Fawkner North.

4806 GOWRIE PARK.
"Gowrie Park" was a grazing property between Hume Highway(sic) and West St(sic*), , which was owned in the 19th century by Robinson (sic**) from Gowrie in England (sic);his bluestone homestead two blocks north of the school is still occupied. The school opened on 11-6-1962 with 271 pupils. Nett enrolments were 387 in 1963,626 in 1966 and about 800 in 1968. CONTINUED ON PAGE 8.

*(Adjoining Box Forest,its south east corner is indicated by Fairleigh St (Melway 17 F 1-2) and it adjoined Meadowbank north of John and Andrew St houses (Melway 7 B-D 12.) Its western boundary was Morley St.)

**(Section 5 Will Will Rook was granted to Alexander Gibb who built "Meadowbank" on the northern half (320 acres) and "Gowrie" on the southern half for James ROBERTSON, who like Alexander's brother, James, had married a Coupar girl. Both houses are shown on page 18 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. James ROBERTSON was NOT a Keilor farmer as stated in the book. In 1900,Thomas B.C.ROBINSON was leasing 317 acres, "Gowrie" from James ROBERTSON.)

PAGE 8.(Gowrie Park S.S.continued.)
Gibb Reserve in Blair St honours the municipal service of Alexander Gibb and his son, Alexander Coupar Gibb.
This Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm which occupied the operational part of Melbourne Airport extending a mile west and north west of the terminal building. In 1920-1,racehorse trainer,Robert Lewis, was assessed on 317 acres, "Gowrie Park". The bluestone homestead on 3 acres was obviously leased separately in 1900 and 1920,James Robertson Jnr having moved to the Somerton area.His father , who died on 28-7-1888 at the age of 80 is buried at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 C9)next to the Gibbs, neighbours in death as well as in life.(Genealogical details from Deidre Farfor,a descendant of James Robertson of Upper Keilor.)

S.S.4809 GLENROY WEST.
Opened 21-4-1958 with 370 pupils. Nett enrolment in 1970 was 720.
Melway 16 E 2-3 fronting Clovelly Ave and York and William Sts. Still operating in 2014.

S.S.4821 STRATHMORE NORTH.
Opened 9-2-1861 with 150 pupils. Net enrolment: 241 in late 1961; 448 in 1969; by 1970 the school had become overcrowded.
Bruce Barbour has included a brief history of the school on his website.
Strathmore History - North Strathmore Primary - Vicnet
home.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/nprimary.html&#8206;
The information contained in the section below is an edited shortened version of the history contained in a Booklet entitled "Strathmore North Primary School ...

The above will not include the following.
I think the potted history mentions the acquisition of houses* to enlarge the playground but I don't think it mentions the playground often being underwater. The school was lucky to have a supportive community which dealt with this problem as well as obtaining a fine hall. I was fortunate in teaching at Strathy North 1992-8. The grassed area east of the front path from Mascoma St was overcrowded when I arrived,with three or more separate football games being played simultaneously in this smallish space because nobody wanted to play on the rocks,the triangular area west of the buildings and staff car park. Luckily a staff member spent much of his summer holiday covering the rocks with buffalo grass.

STRATHY NORTH MAY NEVER HAVE OPENED!
*The brief history mentioned above did not discuss the enlargement of the school grounds, only that they consisted of 2.5 acres when purchased. Either Paul Agar or the original history (25th anniversary)must have mentioned the houses that stood within the present boundaries.

The education department's intention to sell the original site prompted a quick reaction as Bruce's summary shows.
"In 1954, the Education Department acquired the present school site, possibly foreseeing that continuing steady growth of home building in the area could lead to overcrowding at the closest schools, Oak Park and Strathmore, in the future years.

However in 1959 it was learnt that the Education Department proposed to sell the site. This news had the effect of greatly stimulating interest in obtaining a school in the area as quickly as possible.

A group of parents, aware of the number of new homes being built in the areas close to the eastern ends of Mascoma and Lebanon Streets, and the serious overcrowding at Strathmore Primary School, began to press for the establishment of a new school on the present site.

Prominent in the early moves for the school were Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Arthur Roberts, whose letter to a local newspaper attracted wide attention, Mr. Ron Bucknell and Mrs. Jean Cole, Mrs. Marj Reddish, Mrs. Avril Roberts, Mrs. Joan Nichols and Mrs. Dulcie Streete, who conducted a house to house survey to ascertain prospective enrolments, should a school be built. This survey indicated that there were already 200 children of school and immediate pre-school age in the proposed schools area."

The school was lucky to have Paul Agar on hand in the 1990's. He was the school caretaker but if anything needed fixing, Paul did it for nothing. It was when I was helping Paul to install some climbing equipment that I realised how much "the rocks" had been built up. The top layer of fine screenings had been noticed during the grass-planting but we had to dig down 60 centimetres through a lower layer of coarse screenings before reaching soil.

By the 1990's the school was much nearer to 200 pupils and was in the second division of the Essendon District Sports Association at the annual athletics carnival. The school won this division for a tremendous number of years but its crowning achievement in athletics is recalled by a photograph in the crowded trophy cabinet. Five girls competing in the 4x100 metre relay gave up almost every lunchtime for a month and by the time of the carnival at Aberfeldie, they could change the baton while running flat out. P.E.G.S. (PENLEIGH AND ESSENDON GRAMMAR SCHOOL) usually won most of the events at the sports, having employed members of the Essendon Athletics Club to coach their competitors,including their relay teams.

The Strathy North girls beat them and were they dirty! The Strathy North girls came second in the Victorian Championships. The fifth girl missed out on the glory but she was just as responsible for this great achievement as the other four.

On one occasion,one of the teachers on yard duty was concerned because most of the pupils had disappeared one lunchtime. In desperation,she opened the hall door and with obvious relief said,"Here they are!" She'd forgotten about the popular Lunchtime Gym.

SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
Many of the secondary schools are now closed.Many of those west of Pascoe Vale Rd are discussed on the following website, which supplied the detail for my 2014 entry for Box Forest Secondary College and closures:
High School for Coburg: June 2010
www.highschoolforcoburg.org/2010_06_01_archive.html&#8206;





Moreland High School closed on 31 December 1991 - now Kangan Batman TAFE




(2014 Postscript-BOX FOREST SECONDARY COLLEGE.
Moomba Park Secondary College, Glenroy High School, Glenroy Technical School, Hadfield Secondary College and Oak Park Secondary College merged on 1 January 1993 to form Box Forest Secondary College, now Glenroy College.)



COBURG HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced 30-1-1912, with 131 pupils on four rooms at Coburg State School as the first Higher Elementary School in Victoria. Elevation in status to a high school and occupation of the present site of one acre on Henderson's Paddock, an old aboriginal burial ground, followed in 1916. The net enrolment was almost 400 by 1925. (P.S. Closed 31-12-1993.)

ESSENDON HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 4-2-1913 and became a high school in 1914. During the severe (Spanish*) influenza epidemic of 1919,the school became an emergency hospital with the pupils housed in new buildings at Moonee Ponds State** School.
(* So-named because a member of the Spanish Royal Family was an early victim.
** Local parents must have liked this turn of events with the result that the primary school became a Central School with form 1 and 2.)

GLENROY HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 2-2-1954, with 231 pupils in form 1 and 2,"on the fringe of the settled areas." The names of houses-Cameron,Fawkner, McCullagh and Stevenson- honour early settlers in the district.
(Cameron leased the estate from Sydney speculators,calling it Glenroy; Fawkner was an equally early pioneer settling immediately south of Glenroy and planting an orchard and English trees, such as the oak,which caused a later owner, Hutchinson of the flour mill at Glenroy, to rename the property as "Oak Park; Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" also occupied the western 300 acres of St Johns between English St in the aerodrome and Fawkner's land across the Moonee Ponds Creek; McCulloch bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedy's executors in 1874.)

HADFIELD HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened in February,1964 with 343 pupils. Net enrolments were 539 in 1965,740 in 1966, 843 in 1967 and 930 in 1969 (including 13 in the first sixth form.)

(P.S. Hadfield Secondary College closed on 31 December 1992 - The buildings were demolished and the site is now a retirement village. )


PAGE 9.
OAK PARK HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened on 5-2-1959 with 150 form 1 pupils.By 1962, enrolments were over 700 and in 1963 there were 990,with 170 being transferred to Hadfield at year's end.

(P.S. Oak Park Secondary School closed 31 December 1992.)

PASCOE VALE GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL.
Opened 7-2-1956 in nearby halls for a year. (See BETWEEN TWO CREEKS by Richard Broome for extensive detail.)

The school is still operating, its website including 2014 events and this history which has a picture of the Mt Sabine homestead.

SCHOOL EVENTS & DATES
SHAPE WEEK From: 00:00 - Mon, 31/03/2014 To: 23:59 - Fri, 04/04/2014 etc.

Pascoe Vale Girls School opened in 1956 with an enrolment of 115 girls. Until the completion of the first section of building, classes were conducted in the Holy Trinity Parish Hall in Pleasant Street, and the Central Progress Association Hall in Park Street. Miss K.D Meldrum was appointed as the first Head Mistress. Classes were conducted in the buildings on the permanent site in Lake Avenue in February 1957. By this time the school enrolment had risen to 500 students. The second and third sections of the main school were completed and occupied by 1962. A foundation ceremony was held, at which the Director of Education, Mr. A. McDonell, unveiled a plaque to commemorate the completion of the main building.
In 1963 Miss E.D Daniel was appointed Head Mistress. Miss Daniel strove to raise the status of girls and women and to forge attitudes for girls to reach their academic potential and seek professional and leadership roles in the community.
Pascoe Vale Girls lost its "Girls Domestic School" stigma and became a High School in 1966. In 1968, the E.D Daniel Assembly Hall was officially opened, and enrolments continued to increase, despite the fact that there was no sixth form and the most talented students had to transfer to other schools to continue their final year of education.
In 1975 Mr E. De Motte was appointed Principal.
A Commonwealth Science block was added to the site and the George O'Brien Oval was named after the School Council President who had served the school for 18 years. The student population grew to 825 and the E.D Motte Library was built.
The current principal, Miss Helen Jackson took over in 1987. In 1991, Pascoe Vale Girls became a Secondary College.
1995 heralded a new era when, under the Schools of the Future program, Pascoe Vale Girls Secondary College officially became a self-managing one and in 2002 was renamed Pascoe Vale Girls College. With a population of 1,353 girls, the college attracts students from a wide geographical area and from diverse cultural backgrounds.
In 2009, the school received $6.3 million for renovations and new buildings, which are expected to be finished by Term 4, 2011.
The school's current principal, Miss Helen Jackson, is the longest serving principal in Victoria, with over 60 years of teaching.


STRATHMORE HIGH SCHOOL.
Commenced in 1957 in Raleigh St.state school and nearby halls. The first stage was occupied in late 1957. Enrolment was over 1000 in 1963. Land lost due to the Strathmore overpass,Pascoe Vale Rd widening and the freeway has been partly replaced by the elimination of the Moonee Ponds Creek.

[The Napier Park dog track was on the high school site with the board track near the overpass. Peggy McKenzie tells that an old lady lived on an island in the creek and wasafocus of concern when the creek was likely to flood,which it did often, inundating the present school site. Cracking of the school's library was a recent (late 1980's?)problem;it was built on filled land,possibly the school side of the island.)

TECHNICAL SCHOOLS.
COBURG TECH. (Gaffney St.)
Opened February,1954 and moved to the present site on 9-11-1954. Most people would know one teacher and one student from Coburg Tech.; *John Kennedy and **Angry Anderson.
(* Day 203 Reflections on a Teacher's Life | In this my 70th year;
** Angry Anderson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angry_Anderson&#8206;
Anderson grew up in suburban Coburg and attended Coburg Technical School before working as a fitter and turner in a factory. Initially he wanted to be a blues )

(P.S. Coburg Technical School - now Coburg Special Development School.)

ESSENDON TECH.
Opened February 1939 in the old West Melbourne Tech.buildings and moved to the present site in August 1939.

FAWKNER TECH.
Opened 6-2-(1961?*)at Melbourne Textiles School and moved to the present site on 10-1-(1960?)One house, BROOKS, honours popular Governor of Victoria, Sir Dallas Brooks, after whom the suburb of Dallas was also named.
*I can't remember whether I wrote the question marks because my notes re the years were illegible or they were copied verbatim and didn't make sense.

GLENROY TECH.
Opened February 1956 at the showgrounds,later moving to old classrooms in Latrobe St for the rest of that year.

The forgoing confirms Jim McKenzie's claim that the population explosion occurred during the 1950's. Until that time,the latitude of Woodland St virtually divided city from country and those living to the north could keep horses,cows,goats and poultry. We now move onto Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history.

PAGE 10.
2014 POSTSCRIPT.
Jim and Peggy McKenzie's oral history interview was taped on one of six 3 hour videotapes. If I remember correctly,they were donated to the Sam Merrifield Library at Moonee Ponds when I was leaving Tullamarine.

VISEOTAPED INTERVIEW.
Jim's family moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale when he was about 13 years old. Peggy (nee Holmes)and her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St in 1935 when she was five, then relocated to Fawkner St, a bit farther up that steep hill,five years later. Jim and Peggy built their house in Tasman Avenue, Strathmore Heights in about 1970.

Index to interview subjects. Cow Dung Flats,Horses(Page 10); Fleet Electrics,Coburg council quarry 11; breaking horses and training trotters, a handful of houses in Strathmore,1940 residents near Peck Ave. 12; post-war boom 13; Peachey-Kelly Town 14; Coonan's Hill and market gardens, hay and corn stores,first self service,non swimmers,goats, Strathmore High School site and the house on the island 15; Strathmore's former name,the swing bridge and Jim Flood; Tasma Theatre 16; Kirk's Bazaar,Green Gables and prisoners, land-price fixing and returned servicemen's problems 17; Cook's homestead and Red Rooster,Shaw Logan 18; Dodd Lane,shortage of building material 19; Frank Curry-youth worker?, early Melbourne history, cable trams,picking up milk 20;two-up school and amateur rodeos,Happy Valley and Chicken Farm Lane, Jim Pyke,rail-motor house calls, 21; a hard but happy life 22; the depression 23; Pentridge prison farm,weekend trips to sleepy Sunbury,Strathmore Heights, shops at Pascoe Vale Station 24; try this hill Mulga Bill,children's games and naughty tricks 25; The Strathmore gates, petrol and a cuppa, overcoming rationing 26; walking blackberries 27.

COW DUNG FLATS.
The Pascoe Vale lads coined this name for the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd over which the the boys,most of whom had horses, rode on their country romps.

HORSES.
If Iraq had invaded Kuwait in 1937, the incident would hardly have raised a mention in The Argus. In 1990,it's not only front page news but also the excuse for a hefty rise in petrol prices. Before the second world war , there wasan entirely different set of expectationsfor young people. The horse had been the popular mode of transport for thousandsof years and instead of looking forward to having a car at 18, a youngster could look forward to....

PAGE 11.
...having a horse at 12 or 13. Hay and corn stores were everywhere but garages were exceptional, queer places with hand-operated pumps, few customers and plenty of time for a chat. The term "oil crisis" had little meaning in such a way of life. A youngster in Pascoe Vale, such as Jim McKenzie,kept hishorse in the vacant block(s) next door and could enjoy aride north orwest for miles. Happy Valley, North Essendon and Cow Dung Flats were country land,not suburbia, and were to remain so until Arthur Caldwell's immigration policy and the housing commissions purchase of land at Broadmeadows had such an impact in the 1950's.

Agistment of horses was usually the last farm use in the area before urbanisation took over completely. (This was the situation at Gowanbrae at the time this book was written.) In the early days, hay-growing, dairying and sometimes sheep grazing and breeding of draught horses (which were the trucks and tractors of those times) took precedence,but from the 1940's, the agistment of horses and poultry farming, which could be carried out on smaller parcels of land, became more common. (Postscript. Pig farming on Box Forest (Hadfield)was quite common because it had been subdivided among John Pascoe Fawkner's land co-op members in 1850 with blocks later being consolidated into small farms of sufficient size, but swine fever struck and Stephen Peachey moved to a 6.5 acre dairy farm, now Boyse Court, at Tullamarine in about 1920.)

During the 1970's roads became more crowded and sadly,too dangerous for the horse-drawn milk cart,a romantic relic of a fast-disappearing way of life where hay was the fuel and horsepower meant just that! Now instead of using the "exhaust" as garden fertiliser*, we measure the toxic lead content. (*Keen gardeners used to follow the milk cart!)

FLEET ELECTRICS.
Probably the pioneers of secondary industry in the Pascoe Vale/Strathmore area, this firm which manufactured electric ovens, had its premises at the corner of Woodlands Avenue and Pascoe Vale Rd before W.W.2.

COBURG COUNCIL QUARRY.
Like many of his fellow returned servicemen, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life, and after continuing his service until 1947 as a member of the occupation forces in Japan, he optedfor an outdoor job which better suited his restless spirit. He worked at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd, which later....

PAGE 12.
...became the Coburg Drive-In Theatre. (Melway 17 J-K6, east of Parker Reserve.)

BREAKING HORSES AND TRAINING TROTTERS.
Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses, up to nine at a time. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings ($3) each at South Melbourne and lead them along Spencer St (Abbotsford St etc) to Flemington Bridge from which he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St (Melway 29 C 10-11.)

Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing Jim and his dad from their jinker. (P.S.It was customary to lead horses being transported from a vehicle. It was dangerous to wind the lead around one's wrist because if the horse was spooked the person holding it could be jerked out of the jinker, but disregarding a warning about this actually saved young Hill's life at Bertram's Ford near Keilor in 1906, while his young mate,William John Mansfield and his namesake father both perished.)

After horses were broken they would be sold for two pounds and as horse-ownership was very common,the turnover in this sideline was very brisk.

After the war,Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracksat Westbreen, Happy Valley and along the narrow Hume Highway to train trotters and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel. This story illustrates the change in truck speed and the nature of traffic. When the mobile barrier was introduced in trotting,Jim would move up behind and just to the left of a slow-moving truck on the Hume Highway. He would follow for some distance and then take off passing the truck. Imagine trying that trick with a Kenworth or on the Hume Highway today! Another training venue was near the dog track and cycling track at Strathmore.

STRATHMORE DIDN'T EXIST (1940.)
Jim and his mates would ride from Pascoe Vale to Bulla Rd near Dodd Lane's in Dublin Avenue and see only a handful of houses such as Barrett's dairy, Theodore Napier's Magdala (WRONG, BURNT DOWN IN 1927), Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St(where Harry Huntington Peck was probably busy writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and Lebanon, built by John Murray Peck in 1882 and owned (in 1990) by boxing writer,Jack Oates. As well as being lovely grassy hills,the area over which Jim and Co.rode was known as North Essendon. The same name was applied to the Strathmore Station. So in 1940, there was no semblance of the suburb that exists today but it bore a different name.
(Postscript. From Wikipedia entry for Strathmore.
Brewster subdivided and sold 100 acres (400,000 m) of land to Thomas Napier, who occupied the land and left a lasting legacy to the area the origin of its name. The area of Strathmore was originally called North Essendon. The name of "Strathmore" was first suggested by the Rev. John Sinclair in 1936 and was initially adopted by the church. The name was derived from Thomas Napier's Scottish heritage, the Valley of Strathmore, Scotland close to where he once lived. The name was submitted to Essendon Council in 1943. In 1955 the Victorian Railways changed the name of the station from North Essendon to Strathmore.)

Near the eastern end of Mascoma St,Randalls, a real estate firm, were selling blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds,while the Mills lived over the road on the south side and further west lived Mr Flood,the local policeman,and his wife near where the Strathmore North school would be built two decades later. Another...

PAGE 13.
...policeman,Mr James, and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd,Miss Roberts* owned the land between Cook's Homestead and the garage to the south.George Farmer and Strang'sGarage were near the Cross Keys. George trained trotters which were driven by his son-in-law,Jack Ironsidel, the local postie.
(*Miss Roberts was almost certainly related to the Pecks, formerly of Lebanon. John Murray Peck married Louisa Ellen Roberts, both being buried in a recently restored grave at the historic Will Will Rook cemetery alongside Sarah Swinbourne Roberts who died at Lebanon on 31-1-1916, twelve years before Louisa.)

The Tullamarine Progress Association report of 1926 on a proposal, supported by the Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires, to relocate the Newmarket saleyards to a 6 700 acre site incorporating all the land between Spence St Keilor Park/Essendon Aerodrome and Grants Rd (near Melbourne Airport)stated: "With the exception of a small area in the south east corner which has been cut up into building blocks, the land is used for hay growing and dairying. If the proposal had gone ahead,much of Strathmore Heights would not exist.

Jim McKenzie recalls travelling with his mates to Sunbury in a covered wagon to spend weekends rabbiting and catching fish at Rupertwood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy (formerly Camp Hill) was the most prominent feature near the west end of the track in 1940, and still so when Jim and Peggy McKenzie moved into their Tasman Avenue home in 1970. The narrow bridge on Bulla Rd between Strathmore Heights and Gowanbrae had stood since the Albion-Jacana line was built in 1928 and would have been used by the covered wagon circa 1940, but only its footings remain. The trestle bridge, a landmark of the area, still performs its original function.

HALF HOUSES.
When Arthur Caldwell's plan for immigration on a huge scale was adopted, there was a dual motivation. During the war, Australia had most of its armed forces in Europe or the Middle East and when Japan...

PAGE 14.
...made its thrust toward our shores, Australia's population could not furnish another force to defend itself. Luckily for us,the Japanese had blitzed Pearl Harbour forcing the U.S.A to enter the conflict. With the most forceful argument,the Prime Minister, John Curtin obtained the release of some of our troops from other theatres of war. Also, cutting the umbilical cord that had linked us to the old country,he unreservedly pleaded for American help-which came in the shape of the flamboyant General MacArthur. Although the Government was prepared to abandon the area north of the Brisbane Line, fierce resistance by the Aussie troops in New Guinea (with more help from the fuzzy wuzzy angels than the green American soldiers)and a great victory from the U.S.Navy in the Coral Sea saved our bacon. This period of peril, however,served to force a realisation that our population had to be increased dramatically.

The second motivation was humanitarian,to assist the vast number of displaced persons whose peasant farms, houses and even whole suburbs or villages had been destroyed during the war. Many of these were temporarily housed at the army camp at Broadmeadows, resulting of many schools in that vicinity in a few short years.

Jim McKenzie said that a combination of the huge demand for housing and the lack of building materials forced councils to relax their building standards. Many half-houses were built and it wasnot until the situation had eased that completion of these structures was demanded. These new residents tended to congregate in areas such as St Albans and Fawkner but Jim remembers seeing half houses in most developing suburbs.

PEACHEY-KELLY TOWN.
This was what most locals called Westbreen despite District Inspector, Davies' suggestion of the latter for State School 4158. Residents of Westbreen apart from the Peacheys and Kellys were the Toys, Marshalls,Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residentshad other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners of these vacant blocks didn't mind as it kept the grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall, which was near her house. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip and a shilling to get into the dance.

PAGE 15.
COONAN'S HILL.
This area,near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Pde was the venue for training trotters and there were market gardens, most of which were run by Chinese. Reynolds Pde and other streets nearby were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES.
Surprisingly,even in the 1950's, there were still many of these establishments. The car had not yet become dominant,even in such long-established areas such as Ascot Vale and Essendon and more so in the country area north of Woodland St/Ave.

FIRST SELF SERVICE STORE.
To Jim's knowledge, Harry Shell's self service grocery on the corner of Bell St and York St was one of the first,and possibly the first, shop of this type.

NON SWIMMERS.
When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St was opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded as superhuman beings. Raised in Port Melbourne near the beach,the McKenzie boys thought that their ability to swim was normal but the awe in which they were held made them realise that few of the local children could swim.

GOATS (NO KIDDING.)
Sorry about the pun! Goat farms were common in the area and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm occupied the area bounded by Dawson St and Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rds.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH.
The Napier Park dog track was situated on the high school site with the board track nearer the Strathmore overpass site. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these sporting venues,and tethering their mounts,would settle down on the grassy slopes to watch the greyhounds or cycling heroes such as Sid Patterson.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND.aN ISLAND IN THE CREEK WITHIN THE HIGH SCHOOL GROUNDS WASREMOVED WHEN THE COURSE OF THE CREEK WAS STRAIGHTENED An island in the creek within the high school site was removed when the creek was straightened and concreted to allow construction of the freeway in the 1960's. The island was flood-prone and there was concern for the safety of...

PAGE 16.
...a lady who lived on it when ever the water level started to rise,as it did so rapidly. West of this island was a goat farm.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE.
Another pun I couldn't resist. The local policeman Mr Flood, who lived near the future site of Strathmore North State School, was right onto brats who used this bridge, which was suspended on cables, as a giant swing or who rode their bikes across it. He also pounced on those who rode bikes without lights at night. The bridge, now replaced by a more rigid structure,was at Melway 16 J9,just south of Cook's Homestead on the Red Rooster site.)

TASMA THEATRE.
This theatre,in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youngsters. Because of its construction material, it was a real fire trap,especially as smoking inside was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.

(POSTSCRIPT, 2014. Colin Gibson ran the Tasma from 1941 to 1947. Victor Shuttleworth then purchased the cinema operating until July 1958. In November 1958 the Caltex Oil Company purchased the site and the building was demolished and turned into a service station. Situated at 512 Bell St,The Tasma had functioned as the Pascoe Vale Progress Hall from 1-10-1932 until 31-12-1940.
Source:Progress Hall / Tasma, Pascoe Vale - CAARP
caarp.edu.au/venue/view/497&#8206;)


EARLY STRATHMORE RESIDENTS.
Not being a Strathmore resident,I cycled to the Peck Avenue area to acquaint myself with the lie of the land and to endeavour to locate the Lebanon homestead which Jim and Peggy McKenzie believed was still standing.

With my usual luck in contacting pioneers, the first person I greeted was Wilma Hood who had lived at the corner of Peck Avenue and Melissa St since 1958. After pointing out where Lebanon was and telling me where a Dutchman had built a half-house just down Peck Avenue, she introduced me to Beth Tempany who had lived on the corner opposite her for 38 years,since 1952.

Beth is involved in scouting and told me the sad tale of how the name Lebanon had been dropped from the local pack's designation during the conflict in the country of that name; to make matters worse,the symbol of the Cobb & Co.coach, (a memorial to John Murray Peck of Lebanon, one of the three young Yankees,who with Freeman Cobb formed the company) was removed from the badge. Little did those agitating for the change realise that the name of Lebanon came from Peck's native town (situated on the Mascoma River) in New Hampshire.

Wilma and Beth have volunteered to help Strathmore High School's V.C.E. students with their research into local history.

PAGE 17.
LEBANON HOMESTEAD.
(Postscript. In 1990, I knew nothing about Essendon's historic houses,and it was the search for "Lebanon" that led me to Lenore Frost's excellent book on the subject and eventually my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUUTTA GALLA and a heritage overlay for the Boyd cottage at Rosebud.)

After leaving Beth's house, I tried in vain to locate an old house near Lind St and then proceeded to Wendora St where Beth had told me the entrance to Peck's house would be. What a magnificent house! It must have been really impressive sitting on the 34 acres that constituted the Lebanon property. Strathmore and the owner of course can be proud to possess such an historic residence.

According to Peggy McKenzie, the white units behind it in Melissa St were built by the sons-in-law of boxing journalist, Jack Oates, (the owner of Lebanon)after Jack's death; this was after Beth had moved in at the Peck Avenue corner.
(Postscript, 2014. One of my three lady informants told me that Archie Roach had lived at Lebanon for a while, but not having heard of Archie,I don't think I mentioned this in the book. I had almost given up trying to find proof of a connection with the area, (Archie's Wikipedia entry mentioning two unfortunate placements after he was taken from Mooroopna before an apparently more enjoyable stay with the Cox family, immigrants from Scotland, without any indication of where) when I found the following:
[PDF]
my kind of people - UQ eSpace - University of Queensland
espace.library.uq.edu.au/eserv/UQ:205349/DU120_A12C66_1993.pdf&#8206;
Linda Bonson dancer 118. Archie Roach singer-songwriter ...... Roach changed from being a suburban North Strathmore teenager to a young man fighting....
)


13 comment(s), latest 4 days, 7 hours ago

YARNS: ABOUT BIG CLARKE AND HIS BRO AND DAVID DUNCAN THE BUILDER, VIC., AUST.

YARNS have disappeared from our way of life. I was fortunate to have interviewed a great many yarn tellers, mostly in their 90's and Ray Cairns ten days after his 100th birthday. Many of these yarns were passed down through generations orally just as the first Australians did with their dreamtime stories. One such yarn teller was Jim McKenzie, who inspired my KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS and one of his yarns was about another yarn teller, Dodd Lane of Dublin Avenue in today's Strathmore.

DODD LANE (P.19.)
George Lloyd,in MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952, referring to Bulla Rd in Essendon states:"A very old identity in those days (1930's?)was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry."

Jim McKenzie recalls Dodd being a real character, and the youth from far and wide,when they rode over Strathmore's open grassy hillscape had as their destination Dodd's place in Dublin Ave. Can you just imagine a group of youngsters hanging on every word of this old character's anecdotes about the old days?

Horses had right of way over cars at one stage and this rule would have pleased Dodd whose most remembered saying was, "Horses came before cars and anyway, cars are only spare parts for horses and carts."

The thing that yarn tellers need most is an audience and unfortunately most of them have retired from their vocation due to the lack of one. Be an audience for your elderly relatives and friends before its too late. Ask them to help you label their old photos with date ,names and place. When you decide to write a family history,it will be too late, otherwise, to obtain the flesh to cover the skeleton that genealogy provides.

Luckily some yarn tellers such as Harry Peck and Isaac Batey committed their yarns to paper. I'd asked Isaac about Fenton's Hill (due to the assistance of Trove)and found out that David Duncan (co-grantee of most of Melbourne Airport and subject of one of my journals)) had built "Roseneath" (Melway 28 G1), the residence of James Hearn when Big Clarke died there, and later of William Salmon. Isaac stated that the Clarkes had bought Roseneath from David and the Essendon and Hawstead map show that he was dead right. David Duncan had been granted crown allotment 10, Hawstead, of 5 acres 1 rood 1 perch. The Clarkes must have also bought Michael Skehan's c/a 11 and 12 (roughly 10 acres)between David's grant and the water reserve (Woodlands Park.)

Here's Isaac's yarn.

THE FAR-OFF HAS-BEEN CHAPTER XVIII. THE OLD SQUATTING LIFE. (Continued.)
Sunbury News (Vic. : 1900 - 1910) Saturday 9 July 1904 p 4 Article
"Big' Clarke was noted as having
crossed Bass Strait in 1839, and conjec-
torally his brother Lewis came over with
him. Lewis was on the Fenton's Hill
station, but whether the two men bought
out the 'Dirty Scotch Company' or not
is a question not to be decided. Any
way, the brothers became possessed of
the company's sheep brand, a capital G,
which according to Brodie from motives
of economy was used on Bolinda for
some years.
If Mr. W. J. T. Clarke was a great
purchaser of land, I do not think his
brother ever owned a single acre out in
the country, and as for the block in Es-
sendon, with its comfortable dwelling
house, my conclusion is that it belonged
to the 'Big Fellow.' This residence
was erected by David Duncan, a carpen-
ter by trade, who was afterwards in
partnership with one Thompson in a
mercantile business in Mellbourne. I
fancy the two men owned Gowrie Park
before the outbreak of the diggings, and
later on it fell into the hands of Messrs.
Ritchie, of whom Malcolm is the last
survivor. Duncan apparently garnered
in the cash but presumably to do the
heavy he acquired some 20 acres of
ground at Essendon on which he built a
house that must have run into thous-
ands, because at the date of its erection
labour and materiel were heavy items.
It fell into the hands of the Clarkes
perhaps in 1856, arnd as 3,000 was
paid for it along with the ground, the
reader will perceive that Duncan would
not get back more than a third of the
money he had expended on the struc-
ture, which was substantially built of
stone and brick. According to the times
it was a gentleman's residence-besides,
it had nicely laid-out grounds. When
Gowrie went, and, I imagine, Duncan
had bought his partner out, old Davie
was nearly stranded, and when he was
drowned in a fit in a bath, Mrs. Duncan
with one of her daughters ran a registry
office in Lonsdale-street. Mr. Michael
Loeman said he would rather live under
a soogee bag than get into debt in build-
ing a house, therefore we may conclude
if Duncan had not cut in for a big show,
even if he gulped down brandy by the
tumblerful he could not have died a poor
man.
As for Mr. Lewis Clarke, if he did
go in for land, he was a man of means ;
but for what he had I think he might
thank his brother. Lewis died when
certain of his family were very young,
and any that had reached their majority
at the date of their decease received
1500 each. As they came of age one
after the other they received a like sum,
and as there were nine of them these
payments would represent 18,500, but
we must bear in mind that it was the
accumulating interest that would bring
the money up to the sum set down. I
imagine the widow did not survive her
husband beyond five years. Her eldest
son John galloped through his share and
went to New South Wales, where he
came to his end through a fall from
horseback. In later times he was the
most handsome man in those parts, but
he was also the greatest harum scarum I
ever met with. He possessed finely cut
oval features, and had a beautifully
shaped nose, but he was wretchedly defi-
cient in forehead, for from what is
minded of it, it was not beyond three
fingers' breadth in height, whereas his
brother William's frontal development
was splendid.
Billy Clarke as a youth would journey
up from Essendon to see us, and put in
a day or two on this place. (Redstone Hill.)

THE FIVE MILE ESTATE BETWEEN SUNBURY AND LANCEFIELD, VIC., AUST.

Dear XXX, what do you know about the Five Mile Estate mentioned by Batey in his HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE SUNBURY REGION? Where would this have been? Regards, John.

This is probably going to take some time but the one clue we have is that it was in the Sunbury area. I believe that the Five Mile Estate was named because of its proximity to a stream with the hardly unique name of Five Mile Creek. The creek of this name which flowed through Woodlands Park and Salmon Reserve at Hawstead (Melway 28 F-G1) to join the Moonee Ponds Creek at 28 K2, is geographically out of the question.

This could be a clue.

Witness said he would hold to his original bargain. About a week afterwards witness went up to Lancefield to see the cattle. Found them in Mr. Mooney's paddock, near Sunbury, about 13 miles from Lancefield.

Was in possession until the next Sunday, when he was given in charge of two constables, and the cattle taken away by Mr. Mooney's men. They were driven away to Mooney's paddock at Five Mile Creek.
(P.5, Argus, 30-10-1858, LAW REPORT,CLOUGH AND OTHERS v MOONEY.)

Mooney's paddock was about 13 miles from Lancefield. Therefore it was 7 miles north of the corner of Rae's Rd and Melbourne-Lancefield Rd, which is 32 km (20 miles)from Lancefield. Another way to locate Mooney's paddock is to covert 13 miles to 20.8 km and measure that distance south from Lancefield on Melway touring map 509. This would place Mooney's paddock 3 km south of the Bolinda roundabout near the corner of the road that goes west to Riddells Creek.

It is presently only a theory that the Five Mile Estate was near the Five Mile Creek but the location near Bolinda would have certainly been in Isaac's area of interest.

Hopefully I will find more tomorrow. Due to your query, I discovered how she oaks got their funny name; see my latest journal.


Another theory is that the Five Mile Estate was five miles in extent east-west or north-south. In my SHE OAK journal, I mentioned a feeling that Feehan was associated with the Five Mile Estate, a fairly accurate feeling because Feehan lived next to it.

Before the sale, John Ryan, with James Feehan, if not greatly in error, were located on the Deep Creek, close to what is the Five Mile Estate. I fancy P. Maher was there before 1854.
HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE SUNBURY REGION.
Sunbury News (Vic. : 1900 - 1910) Saturday 27 August 1910 p 2 Article.

It is likely that John Ryan was James Feehan's father in law.

RE JAMES FEEHAN.
This was a petition by Mrs. Mary Feehan,
praying for an inquiry by the master in equity
as to whether her husband, James Feehan,
was of sane mind and capable of managing
his affairs. The petition was presented
through Mr. J. Ryan, the father of Mrs.
Feehan.
Mr. A'Beckett appeared for the petitioner;
Mr. Lawes for Mr. Feehan.
James Feehan was a farmer at Berwick,
but he had freehold land also at Corop, and
leased land at Deep Creek, Bulla. It was
alleged that he had been in the Yarra Bend
Asylum some years ago as a lunatic; that he
afterwards obtained his release; that in
August last he was again placed in the
asylum by an order signed by Mr. F. Call,
police magistrate. etc. (P.9, Argus, 26-10-1880.)

It is highly likely that Feehans Rd (Melway key map 8 between Wildwood Rd and Konagaderra Springs) indicates the location of James Feehan's leased land and that the Five Mile Estate was north of it,near Fenton Hill. If the estate extended north for five miles,guess what,it would include Long John Mooney's paddock at Five Mile Creek.

And guess what! When William Samuel Cox was forced off the Kensington Park Racecourse in 1882, he moved his operations to Feehan's Farm. Feehan had bought Long John Mooney's grant on what is now part of the Moonee Valley Racecourse. The deal was discussed as they rode north to a property, which was possibly the Five Mile Estate!
(Don't ask me about the source of the Mooney/Feehan deal. It could be one of the Keilor souvenirs or a cutting about Moonee Valley Racecourse,neither of which I now have. The Kensington Park info is from titles documents.)

The following confirms that Fenton Hill, the Bolinda Estate and, presumably,the Five Mile Estate were in close proximity.

BUSH FIRE.--Dense volumes of smoke rising in the direction of Bulla on Tuesday told its own tale that a bush fire,and one of no mean proportions, was raging. The fire commenced at Fenton's Hill, on Sir Rupert Clarke's property, at about 11 o'clock, and in a very short space of time a large number of fire beaters were battling with the flames. But with an abundance of grass and a strong north wind their efforts were futile for some time, and it was not until dark that the fire was extinguished. The Deep Creek acted as a break, and it was there that the fire ceased. Sir Rupert Clarke was a heavy loser, part of the Bolinda Estate and the Five-Mile being burnt. Mr. James Feehan was the only other land owner who suffered, he estimating his loss at about 100 acres, besides fencing. Mr. Feehan was fortunate in saving the homestead and a quantity of hay stacked in close proximity,, both of which were in serious danger at one time of the fire.
(P.2, Sunbury News and Bulla and Melton Advertiser, 13-1-1900.)

THE SHE OAK IS NOTHING LIKE AN OAK TREE! INSPIRED BY FRANKENSTEIN?

When pvrd asked me if I knew the location of the Five Mile Estate that Isaac Batey had mentioned, I had to try to find the answer, because I had often wondered where it was. I have a feeling that Isaac had mentioned this estate in regard to Feehan but I could be wrong. The search is going to be a long and tedious one but within half an hour I had made a chance discovery about another matter that had excited my wondering machine many times.

The area around Melbourne's Oak Park* was often described as originally being cloaked in several species of trees including she oaks. Not knowing which trees were meant by this term, I wondered whether farm names including Oak were bestowed because of the English tree associated with acorns or this mysterious native tree. As in the case of the Five Mile Estate,I was driving too fast to swing into a side track. It was only when I was reading about the lime burners on the Southern Peninsula that a writer thought about an ignoramus like me and explained that the she oak was the common name for the Casuarina.
*Oak Park was (later)named after the English tree which was extensively planted on his estate at Pascoeville by John Pascoe Fawkner.

This tree with its needle-like leaves is so unlike an oak tree that I was now even more puzzled about the name of the she oak which was almost exterminated by the lime burners to fire their lime kilns. The puzzle was solved by a wandering naturalist writing about his travels in 1850. She Oaks and He Oaks,despite appearances, have absolutely nothing to do with genealogy but you will be able to appear like a genius when discussing the she oaks that grew on your ancestor's property. Just for fun, you could call them beef trees at the first mention and later let your readers out of their misery with the following.

February 10.Have some trouble again in
catching the horses. Pass by the Marsh
Public and through the estate of Mr. Bacchus,
close by the princely residence of that gentle-
man. The soil here is very rich, and closely
timbered with the drooping Eucalyptus and other
trees peculiar to good soils, namely Accacia
Melanoxyeon (light wood or black wood), Accacia
Decurrens (black wattle), Exocarpes Curessi-
formis (native cherry) Casuarina Angustifolia (she
oak), Casuarina Striata (he oak). Ii is remark-
able that neither the she oak or cherry tree are
to be found at a distance exceeding one hundred
miles from the coast. The word she oak is a
corruption of an American word sheac, or beef
wood, which this timber, when sawn through
transversely, somewhat resembles, and some con-
siderate and ingenious individuals, conceiving,
like Mrs Shelly, when she wrote Frankenstein,
that the sexes could not or should not, stand
alone, they named the upright species She-oak in
contradistinction.
(NOTES OF A NATURALIST,P.2,Argus,7-3-1850.)

THE AITKENS OF ROSEBUD WEST, VIC., AUST, CR. CELI AND COMMUNITY RENEWAL; TRAGEDY AND TRIUMPH.

Cr Antonella Celi was chairperson of the Rosebud West Renewal Project so there is no doubt she would have known the Aitken family very well. She would have been very busy and this might explain why she did not mention the triumphs and tragedies in relation to this Rosebud West family. The surname is well known to Carlton Football Club supporters, the son having inherited his father's ability. One of the articles on the Blues' website is headed OVERCOMING ADVERSITY which could have equally suited the article about the mother of the founder of VIC CRICK who still managed to contribute to the renewal project while being a full-time carer for her husband.

LOCAL cricket is mourning the loss of one of its greatest players, Ian Aitken, who died last Friday after a long illness.
Aitken, 70, captured 545 wickets with Red Hill after joining the club as a 40-year old. As a young man he played in the Bendigo and District Cricket Association (BDCA), earning a reputation as a champion fast bowler and capable batsman. In 2004, Aitken was inducted into the BDCA Hall of Fame.
Friend Roger Spaull said Aitken was a great cricketer and man.
He was regarded as one of the greatest cricketers to play Country Week cricket, he said.
He was a beautiful seam bowler who could make the ball move. Its an old expression but he could actually make it talk. Some days he was unplayable.
Aitken was vice-principal at Eastbourne Primary School for many years and lived at Rosebud West.
A funeral will be held at the Red Hill Cricket Club on Friday.

Juanita could have felt sorry for herself and moped. When I saw the following article she was only too willing to help me with my historical research but warned me that there would be interruptions because of her husband's affliction. It was an honour to shake the great man's hand, as it was to shake the hand of the BONEO BRADMAN.

ISSUU - February 1st 2011 by Mornington Peninsula News Group
issuu.com/westernportnews/docs/wpn_feb1st_2011/1&#8206;
Feb 1, 2011 - Citizen of the year Juanita Aitken has been an active member of Rosebud and Rosebud West communities for more than three decades after

WALTER MACFARLANE AND JOSEPH ANDERSON OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST.

I'd never seen a mention of the above two pioneers in a Broadmeadows history. That's just the reason that I embarked on a bicentennial project in August 1988, to acknowledge pioneers overlooked by professional historians who are more concerned with themes than people. My aim was to provides real detailed information for family historians, not just a name in a list. To me, they were just names in a list until Irene sent me a private message. This journal will consist of our conversation.

The location of Strathoer is still not proven and it may well have been Mornington Park, now Maygar Barracks and Northedge Industrial Park east of the Will Will Rook cemetery and adjoining GLENROY and Alexander Gibb's Meadowbank. Locations given were really vague in the 1850's, such as Moonee Ponds meaning anywhere near the Moonee Ponds, and if this farm (12 miles from Melbourne,just like Strathoer) was regarded as being "near Broadmeadows", Walter McFarlane may have been leasing all or part of it as STRATHOER. I had thought that Strathoer was the name of a house in Broadmeadows Township when Irene first contacted me.

PRIVATE MESSAGE FROM IRENE.
2014-02-25 05:19:35
I have been searching for the hereabouts of 'Strathoer', so thank you for the information that it was situated at the end of Fawkner Street, Moonee Ponds. I thought it might have been further north because of the connection with Campbellfield.
Walter Macfarlane married Elizabeth Anderson - daughter of Joseph Anderson. Joseph Anderson, a builder arrived in Port Phillip with his wife Ann in 1838. Joseph also lived in Moonee Ponds at 'Burn Head'. His son Samuel Anderson died at his father's house and the funeral went to the Melbourne General Cemetery.
Walter Macfarlane was the Secretary of the Agricultural Society. I would appreciate to any more information you may have and am willing to exchange anything I do have on Walter MacFarlane.

TO IRENE.
2014-02-25 08:16:44
Fawkner St in Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows)is at Melway 5, K7. Moonee Ponds,in early days had nothing to do with the suburb and meant anywhere along the Moonee Ponds Creek (which bisected Broady Township.)
By coincidence,last night I was writing about John Anderson who became the baker at Broadmeadows township in the 1880's and discovered JOSEPH ANDERSON of Broadmeadows.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 11 March 1868 p 4 Family Notices
... ANDERSON.-On the 9th inst., at Lal Lal, Annie Leslie, wife of Mr. Joseph Anderson, of Broadmeadows and

Did Joseph Anderson have any descendants named John (born at Keilor 1862), Peter or Alexander?

THE Friends of Mr. JOSEPH ANDERSON (late of Broadmeadows and Bacchus Marsh) are invited to follow the remains of his late wife to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. -
The funeral is appointed to move from the residence of his son, Mr. Adam Anderson, No. 2 Mackenzie street (near the Gaol*), at three o'clock on Saturday,the 14th instant.JOHN SLEIGHT, undertaker, No. 83 Collins street east. (P.8,Argus,13-3-1868.)
*Possibly Old Melb. Gaol or at Bacchus Marsh unless Mackenzie St at Pentridge has been renamed.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 13 March 1868 p 4 Family Notices
... DEATHS. ANDERSON - On the 9th Inst, at Lal Lal, Annie Leslie, wife of Mr. Joseph Anderson, an old colonist, and late of Broadmeadows and Bacchus Marsh, aged sixty-five years. ..

I see where you got Moonee Ponds from. It would have been only one and a half miles from the present Moonee Ponds Junction miles to Flemington bridge and if Burn Head was in the suburb of Moonee Ponds, the procession would travel at the ridiculously
slow speed of 1.2 kilometres an hour. Broady Township is about 7.3 miles north of Moonee Ponds Junction,making it 8.8 miles to Flemington Bridge and giving a speed of 4.4 miles an hour, a very brisk walking pace. This, the Wally/Lizzie marriage and "late of Broadmeadows" (as above)would indicate that Burn Head was a house in Broadmeadows Township. Your assumption that Strathoer was farther north (on the same latitude as Campbellfield) was correct.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 20 August 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral pro- i cession to move from his residence, Burn Head, Moonee Ponds, at eleven, and pass the Flemington Bridge about one o'clock this

May I use your message and my reply in the journal?

TO IRENE.
2014-02-26 20:24:21
For some reason my reasoning for Strathoer's location is not submitting here. Send your email address or just email me on (deleted). Regards, xxxxxxxxx, Rosebud.

FROM IRENE.
2014-02-26 23:11:50
My email address is (deleted).
Thanks for all your info. I am enjoying all your information. Today I received 'Broadmeadows - A forgotten History by Andrew Lemon. As you refer to it all the time I thought it was a 'must have book' in my library.
My head is spinning about this area as we have Walter Macfarlane, Alexander Cruickshank and Joseph Anderson (Walter & Alexander S-I-L of Joseph) living in the area at one time or other. Next week I am going to SLV to search through directories to see if I can trace them that way. Our Joseph Anderson arrived Port Phillip 1838. He was a builder. insolvent, farmer. He lived in Elizabeth St etc, Moonee Ponds, Craigieburn, Lal Lal, Bacchus Marsh and finally Avenel (Monea South) Unfortunately Joseph Anderson Patton that as far as I know is not related was in the same areas.
At the moment, I am researching Carron Timber Yards, Flinders Street that Joseph's son Adam Anderson was a partner, so I was pleased to find info from you re the Cairns family. Thank you very much! Hope to be my first journal in FTC.

ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ



TO IRENE.
Informing her that I would not be writing any more about her family so I wouldn't spoil her journal and letting her know about my comment under my SOME FARMSIN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS journal,i.e.
Yet another link has been found between the Mornington Peninsula and Broady.I don't know whether any of the pioneering Cairns family of Boneo were directly linked with the Carron timber mill in Melbourne but their stepbrothers were. Joseph Anderson had a place called Burn Head at Moonee Ponds (probably Broadmeadows Township) in the 1850's; his son, Adam, became a partner in the Carron Timber mill and his daughter married Walter MacFarlane of Strathoer, near Broadmeadows and adjoining Glenroy. Because millyhettie and camcairns sent me private messages, they will now be able to share their information. The former's first post is on the way.

Once again,thanks to Scott Jangro who makes all of this connection between researchers possible.
YYYYYYYYYYYYY


TO IRENE.
Known facts about Strathoer. 1. Grazing paddock.* 2 Near Broadmeadows (Township.)**
3. Adjoined Glenroy.* 4.12 miles from Melbourne.*
(*Grazing for horses advertisement. **Family notices.)

Route chosen. From G.P.O. along Elizabeth St, Flemington and Mt Alexander Rd to Moonee Ponds and then Pascoe Vale Rd. Why Pascoe Vale Rd rather than Deep Creek Road to Broadmeadows(now Mickleham)road, crossing the creek at Broadmeadows Township?

The first bridge in the township, a timber one linking the two ends of Ardlie St, was built in 1854, after the grazing advertisement appeared. The creek banks are very steep so it would be a great feat to cross without a bridge on horseback and absolutely impossible with a wheeled vehicle. Therefore the original route to Sydney would be used to reach Strathoer until 1854, that is past the (original)Young Queen Inn at Pascoeville.

Measurement. On all Melway maps mentioned, 8cm equals a mile. Any inaccuracy in distance is caused by the original surveyors (the boundary, fronting Sharps Rd, Tullamarine of crown sections 21 Doutta Galla and 3 Tullamarine not being EXACTLY 8000 links (a mile) as shown on both parish maps),or by the Melway map makers.

FROM THE G.P.O.
1 MILE. Cnr. Blackwood St and Flemington Rd (43 F4.)
2 MILES. Cnr. Melrose St and Flemington Rd (43 C2.)
3 MILES. North Cnr. Ailsa St and Mt Alexander Rd (28 K11.)
4 MILES. North corner of Alexandra Ave and Pascoe Vale Rd (28 J7.)
5 MILES. Sth. cnr. of Brewster St. and Pascoe Vale Rd. (28 J3.)
6 MILES. Progress St corner (16 K12.)
7 MILES. Adelaide St corner (16 H8.)
8 MILES. Chapman Ave corner 16 G4.)
9 MILES. Where Rowan St would met Pascoe Vale Rd (6 G12.)
10 MILES. Just north east or west of the Johnstone St/Camp Rd overpass.


MILE POSTS. I know for a fact that there was a 10 mile post outside the Parr property at Tullamarine but my measurement shows that the ten mile point is outside Thomas Anderson's early farm and about a furlong (200 metres) before the location of the 10 mile post. I believe that the three mile post was located at Moonee Ponds Junction but my measurement shows that the actual junction was just short of 4 miles. The post office may have been closer to the Yarra in those days but I also think there was more estimation than measurement in the placement of the mile posts as well.

Exact measurement would not determine the location of Strathoer, so I tried another approach. I did a trove search for BROADMEADOWS, 12 MILES and found:
AUSTRALIA AND THE WAR THE POSITION IN VICTORIA. MOBILISATION CAMP SELECTED. Melbourne, Tuesday.
Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Friday 7 August 1914 Edition: COUNTRY EDITION p 1 Article
...day. The site for the mobilisation or all troops of all arms in Victoria has been selected at Broadmeadows, 12 miles north of Melbourne.
CONTINUES IN "MORE PIONEERS OF BROADMEADOWS" JOURNAL.

Joseph Anderson,by that time living at Bacchus Marsh, was involved as a witness in a dispute over the will of Thomas Graham in 1871. (See P.7, Argus,16-8-1871, column 6,Law Report,Graham v Graham.)

2 comment(s), latest 1 month, 2 weeks ago

"DALKEITH", TULLAMARINE, VIC.,AUST.

Found this while chasing Bulla/Broady and Mornington connections.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold by private contract, on behalf of Messrs. James Harrick and Son, 200 acres at Tullamarine, being the eastern portion of part of Crown portion 3, to Mr. George Mansfield.
(P.21, Argus,5-3-1910.)

Gordon Connor told me that George had built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910. Spot on!

Section 3 Tullamarine, granted to William Foster and consisting of 640 acres, fronted the north side of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine west of Broadmeadows Rd. The northern boundary,Post Office Lane,is indicated by the north boundary of Trade Park industrial estate. It also fronted the road to Broadmeadows Township (now Mickleham Rd) to the Londrew Court/Freight Rd midline. William inherited and returned home with his younger brother,John adding William's 1280 acres to his own "Leslie Banks" between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river.

In 1847 a road was declared between North Melbourne and Bulla. Land north east of it was leased in portions and soon David William O'Niall had established the Lady of The Lake Hotel just a triangular 1.5 acre block* south of the Derby St corner.(*This still exists,with a Melrose Drive frontage the width of a fence post, and was part of section 6.)Broombank (Millar Rd, Tadstan Drive) and the Junction Hotel and associated land (Northedge and Andlon/Londrew Courts)took up the rest of the triangle.

What is now Trade Park was sold to Methodists such as Charles Nash and Ann Parr and the Methodist Church was built on the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive in 1870. Before that the Wesleyans had bought a one acresite on the bend in Cherie St and established a Wesleyan School in 1855 that operated until 1884 when the Conders Lane school opened on the present Link Rd north corner,also replacing the "Seafield" school.

South of the Catherine Avenue/Janus St Midline,the remaining 400 acres were bought by the Kilburns who called it"Fairfield". David Milburn,Victoria's first irrigator, seemed to be leasing it in 1868 and it was later leased by the Williamsons for many years. James Harrick,whose homestead is now the museum of the Keilor Historical Society later bought the property and split it into two 200 acre farms. The farm west of the Fisher Grove houses became Michael Reddan's "Brightview" (later Doyle's "Ristaro") while the eastern half was Dalkeith. This was owned by George Mansfield, T.and Ernie Baker (who had a bad accident), Tommy Loft* (who subdivided 40 acres for the Dalkeith Ave, Eumarella St and Gordon St housing), Leslie King Dawson and Moorooduc's former postmaster, Percy Hurren, who'd earlier snored during sermons while near Red Cliffs, according to Mrs David Shepherd.
(*Tommy Loft called a meeting to form the progress association in 1924 and in 1929 had Squizzy Taylor's haunt,the Junction Hotel closed, much to the displeasure of the local drinkers.His son,Ray, married Maggie Millar,lived at 3 Eumarella St,leased and then owned "Broombank",hence Millar Rd,and had a son named Gordon,after whom Gordon St was named.)