itellya on FamilyTreeCircles - journals

itellya on Family Tree Circles

sort: Date Alphabetical
view: full | list

Journals and Posts


George Mitchell, of Tootgarook, county of Mornington, lime-burner. Causes of insolvency--Depression in business, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities, £213 1s. 11 1/2d. ; assets, £44 7s.4 1/2d, ; deficiency, £168 14s, 7d. Mr. Jacomb,
official assignee.(P.7, Argus, 18-1-1861.)
The circumstances attending the death of a little girl, named Jane Mitchell, aged five years, the daughter of a lime-burner living at Rye, Point Nepean, formed the subject of inquiry by Mr Candler, district coroner, on Sunday. From the evidence of the mother of the deceased, it appeared that, last Thursday, she mixed a teaspoonful of strychnine with a handful of sugar, part of which she placed on an ant-hill for the purpose of killing some rats. The remainder she left in a basin ; and it was supposed that the deceased got to it, and took what was left, as, on looking at the basin afterwards, the contents were missing. The deceased was taken with convulsions shortly afterwards, and died within an hour. The medical evidence showed death to have resulted from poisoning by strychnine ; and the jury returned a verdict that the poison was accidentally taken by herself.
(P.5, The Age, 25-9-1866.)
A terribly sudden death took place at the Sorrento court on Wednesday. Mr George Mitchell, the postmaster at Rye, was appearing in a small case, and had just been sworn, when he suddenly fell back, striking the floor heavily with the back of his head. Several persons rushed to his aid, but death must have been instantaneous, for he never moved or spoke again. Mr Mitchell, who was 70 years of age and much respected in the district, was known to be subject to heart disease.
(P. 2, The Yackandandah Times, 13-3-1896.)
Mrs Mitchell, a very old resident, died here on the 21st ult. She was the widow of the late Mr George Mitchell,. who was post-master here
for a number of years.(P.5, Mornington Standard, 9-1-1904.)



NOTICE OF APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.-To the Licensing Magistrates in and for the District of Dromana.-I, GEORGE TRUEMAN, of the townshlp of Rye near Dromana, in the colony of Victoria, limeburner, do hereby give notice, that I desire to obtain, and will at the next licensing meeting APPLY for, a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situate at the township of Rye, In the colony of Victoria, and fronting Hobson's Bay, containing seven rooms, exclusive of those required for the use of the family. The 14th day of February, A.D. 1872. GEORGE TRUEMAN. (P.2s., Argus, 17-2-1872.)

George Trueman was the second child of James Trueman and Jane (nee Cook) born on 2-3-1852 in Maddington,Wiltshire, who came out with his parents on the Sabrina in 1857 and died on 10-10-1932 in Prahran. As his older sister Annie had died in 1850 aged just over a month, George was the oldest surviving child. (Genealogy provided by Heather Spunner of Berrigan,N.S.W.)

As George's "house" was in the township, and he didn't seem to be much involved on the Truemans Rd grants, it would be interesting to compare his description with that of Cottier, who was insolvent in 1870 and had obviously turned to lime burning on his land at Fingal by the time he received his certificate of discharge in 1871.(Certificate Meetings.
Certificates of discharge from their debts were granted to the following insolvents :....... ; John Blair, of Melbourne, surgeon*; ....... William Cottier, of Rye, limeburner ; F. W. Wilks, of Collingwood, commission agent. (P.6, Argus, 10-6-1871.)

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.-To the Bench of Magistrates. at Mornington.-I, WILLIAM COTTIER, farmer, now residing in Rye, in the colony of Victoria, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the justices, sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions to be holden at Mornington, In the said colony, on tho 20th day of June next, for a CERTIFICATE authorising the issuing of a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situated at Rye aforesaid. The house Is built of wood, consisting of two slttlng rooms and six bedrooms exclusive of those required for the use of the family; occupied and owned by me. It is not licensed. To be known as the Tootgarook Hotel.
The 14th day of June, A.D. 1867,
(Signed) . WILLIAM COTTIER. (P.8 Argus, 21-6-1867.)
Campbell's grants comprised the land occupied in October 2015 by shops including Ray White Real Estate, the former board shop, former bike shop until late August,now vacant, on the east side of the Shark Shack fish and chip shop and shops in between.

It should be fairly easy to ascertain whether George Trueman had been leasing the Tootgarook Hotel from John Campbell. It is possible that George had a lease of the hotel that William Cottier appears to have established in 1867 but this theory would destroyed if John Campbell had been running the hotel in 1872.

NOTICE.— I, JOHN CAMPBELL, of Rye, Contractor, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain,and will at the next Licensing Meeting APPLY for, a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a home situated at Rye,containing 8 rooms exclusive of those required for the use of the family.
The 25th day November, 1875.
JOHN CAMPBELL. (P.1,The Age, 29-11-1875.)

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.— To tho Licensing Magistrates at Dromana.--I, JOHN CAMPBELL, of
Rye, county Mornington, do hereby glvo notice that I desire to obtain, and will, at the next Licensing Meeting, APPLY for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situate at Rye, county Mornington, to be known as the RYE Hotel, containing eight rooms, exclusive of those required for tho use of the family.
Tho seventh day of June, A.D., 1873. JOHN CAMPBELL. (P.2, Leader, Melbourne, 14-6-1873.)

N.B. THE ABOVE TWO NOTICES WERE THE ONLY RESULTS ON TROVE FOR "JOHN CAMPBELL, RYE" DURING THE DECADE 1870-1879.My next step was going to be a check to see if George Trueman had in 1872 been leasing another hotel in Rye, such as Patrick Sullivan's GRACEFIELD HOTEL, which I think was said to have been established in 1877. I don't really need to because of the 1873 notice. But I'll do it anyway! "hotel,rye" 1872. This search produced not one result,illustrating one problem with Rye; George Trueman's notice was published in 1872 but did not use the word HOTEL, instead referring to a licence for a house. I substituted "license, house,rye" in 1872,again getting no result but when I deleted the inverted commas, I obtained George's notice and 50 other results,none of the latter referring to Rye, except forthe sale of town lots in 1872. "Hotel, Rye" 1870-1879 showed a flurry of advertisements for Sullivan's, or the Gracefield, six miles from Sorrento from about 1877 and that Rye had only one hotel before this, the second TOOTGAROOK Hotel established by Cottier 1867,lost by him when the partnership with Campbell was dissolved just prior to Cottier's insolvency, leased by George Trueman in 1872, and operated from 1873 by the grantee of the land on which it stood, John Campbell.

C.N.Hollinshed stated in LIME LAND LEISURE that the Cottier family had gained a licence for a "house" in Dromana called the Rye Hotel and that this licence had been transferred to Tootgarook,thus giving the town its present name. This was proven wrong in my journal about William Cottier, whose aim was to confirm Hollinshed's claim. However the author had stated that the FIRST RYE HOTEL IN RYE was east of Lyons St and produced a map of historic sites in Rye showing Campbell's Hotel precisely on Campbell's grants (as indicated by the Rye Township map.) Because of lack of detail in rate records for about the first five decades of municipal government,it cannot be stated without dispute that Cottier's 1867 TOOTGAROOK HOTEL was on Campbell's grants but the following makes it very likely.

NOTICE.-The PARTNERSHIP hitherto subsisting between WILLIAM COTTIER and JOHN CAMPBELL, trading as " Wm. Cottier and Campbell," at Tootgarook, has this day been DISSOLVED by mutual consent.All liabilities will be paid and all moneys received by William Cottier.
JOHN CAMPBELL. WM. COTTIER., Melbourne 18th April, 1870. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

Charles Hollinshed was right about the original RYE HOTEL being associated with Cottier (although the given name he used was James). The second Rye Hotel, the present one, was built in art deco style by Mrs Hunt (who demolished the Gracefield Hotel in the late 1920's) as detailed on the foundation stone. But the partnership's name for the 1867 establishment was the Tootgarook Hotel and it would appear to be John Campbell,now the sole owner, who renamed it the Rye Hotel in 1873. It is not known what name George Trueman had given it in 1872.

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago


A BRIEF HISTORY OF TOOTGAROOK FOR JUSTIN. Justin is not a member of family tree circles but is primarily responsible for my ability to post and is interested in local history, so when he asked for some information about Tootgarook’s past, how could I refuse?

Great confusion has been caused by the name of George Smith's homestead on his run being thought to be a separate run, whose location was never specified. The Tootgarook Run itself, and the area it occupied has also been described by a variety of names.

Edward Hobson was one of the earliest Southern Peninsula pioneers. He was on the Kanjeering (Kangerong) run by 1837 but “Before the close of June 1837, he moved down the bay past Arthurs Seat and took up the country between the present day townships of Dromana and Rye. His run (was) known to Henry Meyrick as Packomedurrawurra..” (P.25, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
By 1844, after some time near the Tarwin River, Edward moved to the location of present day Traralgon to manage the run of his brother, Dr. Edmund Hobson:
An Historical Account of Traralgon
• When Edward Hobson reached here in 1844,
It must have been the Hobsons who gave the Traralgon run its name. The name comes from the aboriginal words "Tarra", meaning a river, and "Algon" meaning little fish, and that is why I have called this story "The River of Little Fish". It was probably Edward Hobson who spelt the name as we spell it today, for the Doctor, who did not come up to see the run for three years, spelt it "Tralgon" when he was writing a letter to his wife in Melbourne while he was here.
George Smith, who supposedly married the mother of Edward and Edmund Hobson, had a run called Wooloowoolooboolook (which had various spellings); when Sarah Ann Cain went missing and was eventually found; she was taken to George’s homestead where Mrs Smith nursed her back to health.
" October 26.—News from Arthur's Seat of the discovery and safety of Sarah Ann Cain, the child of the lime-burner. She was only four years old, and had been lost for four days and five nights in the bush. Some of the nights were very severe, with heavy rain. She had heard the men cooeying, but did not answer, fearing they were blacks. When found, she was warding the attacks of the crows on her face with her hands, and was all but exhausted. A warm bath and the administration of food in small quantities brought her completely round ; and she afterwards grew up a fine young woman. (Georgiana McCrae’s Journal.)
Smith’s run probably adjoined Hobson’s run and was known to include the foreshore land near the McCrae lighthouse. It might have been Hobson’s run! It is likely that Smith managed Hobson’s run when the latter departed for Gippsland. In 1850, according to C.N.Hollinshed in LIME LAND LEISURE, Edward Hobson bought Smith’s lease and requested that both be transferred to James Purves. Purves obviously had a business relationship with Edward and by 1855 bought “The Rosebud” from him and insured it for 700 pounds before it was stranded at you know where.James Purves, an architect and businessman, retained the run and bought the Pre-emptive Right.
But he was not really a pioneer of Tootgarook! It was his brother, Peter, who applied for a licence for the Tootgarook Inn in 1857, the tap room in Leonard St, Rye that the shire recently allowed to be demolished. It was Peter Purves who in 1859, with James Ford, persuaded practically all their neighbours to oppose a proposed fence from White Cliff to the back beach. Peter, who probably gave the run its new name of Tootgarook, died in 1860 and his son, James, took over the management of Tootgarook Station. The homestead was named Broomielaw and the greatest indication that his uncle, who owned the station, spent little time there was the 1877 report of a sale that stated, “At Tootgarook, which, at this late date in the history of Victoria, is not famous for a very imposing homestead-or indeed in any building that does not require demolishing and rebuilding –“
Because of the run, the area became known as Tootgarook and though the village to the west was called Rye, the first school, on the site of Rye’s present Anglican Church and the post office were officially described as Tootgarook. In 1867 when former Dromana resident William Cottier applied for a licence for a “house” built on the grants of his partner and fellow ex-Dromana resident, John Campbell, who built the first stage of the Rye Pier in that year, he called it the TOOTGAROOK Hotel* (not the Rye Hotel as claimed in LIME LAND LEISURE.) It was in Cottier’s hotel that doomed Rosebud fisherman, Patrick Tolmut Wee Wee, a Maori, met the four doomed quarrymen and arranged to take them to the Quarantine Station.

(*There have been two Tootgarook Hotels and two Rye Hotels.The first licence for a Tootgarook Hotel was by Peter Purves in 1857; this hotel was almost certainly the tap room on the Tootgarook pre-emptive right. In 1867, William Cottier applied for a licence for the Tootgarook Hotel which was almost certainly on the grants of his partner, John Campbell, between today's Ray White Real Estate and the shop on the east side of Shark Shack fish and chips (inclusive of both.) In 1870, Cottier became insolvent and the partnership was dissolved by mutual consent, the hotel's ownership probably passing to Campbell who applied for a licence in 1873, now calling it the Rye Hotel. George Trueman probably ran it in 1872 but did not specify a name for the hotel. The second Rye Hotel was on part of its present location. Its forerunner was built in about 1877 by Patrick Sullivan on land granted to William Grace and named the Gracefield Hotel. In about 1927,Mrs Hunt demolished the Gracefield and built the art deco core of the present Rye Hotel. Remarkably William Cottier, John Campbell and William Grace were all former Dromana pioneers. For more details about the hotels and the Trueman family, see my journals:
by itellya on 2015-10-04 03:29:39. page views: 108, comments: 4
by itellya on 2015-10-04 20:16:38. page views: 63, comments: 0)

I stated before that George Smith may have been on Tootgarook.On page 4 of The Argus of 21-5-1850,a government notice lists occupants and other details of runs for which the occupants were to submit applications for 12 month leases from 1-1-1851. In the County of Mornington,No. 17 of 19 was George Smith (occupant), 20 square miles (extent), Tootgarook (name of run), Port Phillip Bay.
"Contrary to what is widely asserted, he did not hold a licence for Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk on the Mornington Peninsula: a thorough search of the original Pastoral Run Papers produced no papers for Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk in the box which holds all the original ‘W’ Pastoral Run Papers.50 Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk is not a pastoral run; it is the name of the house at Capel Sound where he lived in the 1840s.51"
I also mentioned that George was supposedly married to the mother of Edward and Edmund Hobson. A Tootgarook 1850's search on trove brought up Marie Hansen Fels' explanation of the relationship, as well as some new information about Tootgarook, in I SUCCEEDED ONCE.
"The simple, though for the time, extraordinary explanation* is that George Smith lived with Malvina Hobson nee Lutterell, mother of Edward and Edmund at Capel Sound. George Gordon McCrae devotes pages to describing their lovely house and garden and view, and Mrs Smith’s culinary achievements and her kindness to the McCrae boys. But there is no record of a divorce from Edward Hobson senior and she died as Malvina Hobson, as indicated earlier.
(* of the lack of detail re George Smith's family.)
The biographer of the Lutterell family57 tells an amazing story of Malvina’s life. Baptised in Tonbridge Kent in 1799, one of ten children in the family, she was brought to New South Wales by her father Dr Edward Luttrell who received a land grant and an appointment as assistant colonial surgeon at Parramatta. She was married as a child-bride to Edward Hobson senior in 1813, and produced her two sons Edmund and Edward quite quickly. They are alleged to have been born in Parramatta, but New South Wales has no record of this and their baptisms are recorded in VDL, and Edmund at least was raised by his grandparents in Hobart. Edward Hobson senior is last picked up in the records running a school in Clarence Plains, VDL.
By 1823 Malvina was living openly with a convicted man named Bartholomew Broughton: Broughton’s offence is unspecified but he was a gentleman, formerly a lieutenant in the Royal Navy. Malvina’s parents must have approved of Broughton because when he died, he was buried with Dr Lutterell in the Lutterell family vault. But Dr Lutterell definitely did not approve of Malvina – in his will, in which he left his estate to his sons and to his dearly beloved grandson Edmund, he noted that Edmund was a poor unfortunate orphan whose parents did not love him and who left him without any provision or patrimony.
Malvina Lutterell/Hobson/Broughton/Smith was a practical woman it seems. In 1844, when Sarah Anne Cain, a lime burner’s four year old daughter was found, exhausted, keeping crows off her face with her hand, having been missing for four days and five nights, it was Mrs Smith who had the knowledge and the presence of mind to put the child in a warm bath, then feed her a teaspoon of food at a time until the little girl recovered.58 She was generous as well. In the winter of 1845 Georgiana McCrae sent one of the men working for the McCraes to Mrs Smith to borrow some beef because the McCraes had run out, and the contract with their workers Henry Tuck and Lanty Cheney specified a ration of ten lbs of beef per week; Mrs Smith sent back not only the requested beef but a ham and greens as well.59
The Smiths were living at Capel Sound in July 1846 when George Smith’s blackfellows called in en route from Melbourne with the bag which Georgiana McCrae’s servant raided for onions, but which contained daffodil bulbs.60 The McCrae’s tutor Mr John McLure was a visitor to George Smith’s station along the beach in 1848, as was Mr Liardet.61 However they managed it, Mrs Smith was acknowledged in polite society, and George Smith remained connected to her sons and grandsons, though not to her. She was buried in Brighton after her death in 1866 with a neighbour as informant, ignorant of her living son’s name and whereabouts, aware only that she had a son who was a doctor.62 There is a letter in the Hobson Papers from George Smith by this time, 1867, resident in Sydney, addressed to Dr Hobson’s son, dealing with the issue of 125 acres of land in Sydney granted to Malvina Luttrell the mother of Edward and Edmund Hobson.63
It was George Smith and Edward Hobson who established the fame of the cups country for horse breeding, not James Purves who purchased the run as a going concern with an already established reputation. George Gordon McCrae mentions Smith’s horses well before Purves came to the district, ‘It was always a pleasant tramp for us from Arthur’s Seat [to Boniong] through Hobson’s flat with its little knots of horses and browsing cows’.64
James Purves purchased the 640 acre (square mile) Tootgarook Pre-emptive right on 22-10-1855. There was no real need for him to buy it so early because as long as he paid the yearly rent to the crown, nobody else could buy it. It was bounded by the beach road,Government Rd/Weeroona St,Brights Drive (roughly) and the Kevin St/Morris St midline.
The parish of Wanneue is divided into Section A and section B, the former consisting of the former Tootgarook Run and the latter of the Arthurs Seat Run. As the land west of Elizabeth Avenue to Truemans Rd was later referred to as Tootgarook later, I will include it in our discussion.Lime merchant, William Allison Blair, bought c/a 53 of 60 acres between the beach road and the westernmost 694 metres of Eastbourne Rd and another 75 metres east of Ned Williams' Chinamans Creek channel.He also bought crown allotments 51, 49 and 45,a total of 419 acres fronting the east side of Truemans Rd from the beach road to Hiscock Rd.
This was bought by the Woinarski family which built the heritage listed "Woyna" at 9-11 Terry St and was eventually subdivided as the Woyna Estate,hence Woyna Ave. For details see my journal on family tree circles entitled:
On the west side of Truemans Rd, three of our pioneers bought land from the beach road to the freeway reservation. On 16-8-1865, Sam Stenniken bought c/a 48 of 108 acres extending 833 metres to the Kevin /Morris midline (and the Tootgarook P.R.) and nearly 744 metres south to he Bona/Ronald St midline.) Sam Stenniken married the older sister of Sam Sherlock, who did a horseback mail run between Rye and Cheltenham and worked for Barker near Cape Schanck before becoming a pioneer at Green Island between Mornington and Mt Martha.The Stennikens had a daughter named Maria who married Godfrey Burdett Wilson. Burdett St recalls Godfrey and the maiden name of his mother, Thamer (nee Burdett.)
James Trueman bought 112 acres between Ronald St and Guest St (both inclusive) on 5-7-1877.
COOK-TRUEMAN.— On the 1st October, at the Church of England, Rye. by the Rev. C. Chase, Henry John Cook,of Granville station, New South Wales, eldest son of the late Mr. George Cook, of Union-street, Brunswick, to
Ellen, second daughter of Mr. James Trueman, farmer,Wensaw, Rye, Victoria.(P.44, Leader, 26-10-1889.)

In 1857, James Trueman and his wife, Jane (nee Cook) sailed to Melbourne on the "Sabrina" and probably went immediately to Purves' station. The birth of his daughter, Sarah, was registered at Pt Nepean in 1857 and that of Emma was registered at Tootgarook in 1858; a registrar had probably been appointed in between the births, most likely the teacher at the Church of England school in what would become Rye. James is said to have built and operated a tap room on the Purves' property. (Peter Purves applied for a licence in 1857.)
Tootgarook basically consists of the Tootgarook Station and four blocks between it and Truemans Rd. The Stennikens received the grant of 108 acres which extended south from the beach road almost to Ronald St. It was auctioned on 4-2-1920. Burdett St recalls Godfrey Burdett Wilson, a son in law of Ben Stenniken. Probably one of the first buildings on the subdivision was Birkdale House, which still stands on the east corner of Carmichael St.
James Trueman was granted 112 acres which was later two 56 acre farms owned by his sons, Thomas and William. Thomas had the part west of Darvall St, which was bought by Raymond Guest in 1948. Ray was a hairdresser who looked after the grooming of T.V. stars such as Graeme Kennedy's barrel girl, Panda.Guest St and Alma St were named after himself and his wife and the other east-west streets (except Ronald St) were named after his brother, Russell, and his sons. The subdivision was called the ALMARAY ESTATE. The portion fronting Truemans Rd was bought by poultry farmer, Harry Doig, in 1939 after Fred Trueman and his first wife had left the farm. Ronald Doig was one of the foundation pupils at Tootgarook State school when it opened in 1950.Harry Doig had become a friend of Wilfred Rowley in the Mallee and when he came to Birkdale to visit him, he met Dot Rowley, whom he later married. As the ALMARAY ESTATE was subdivided before Harry's land, the street names applied there were given to the continuations west and east into Bright and Doig land. Harry's land was subdivided as the OCEANAIRES ESTATE in the mid 1950's. Ronald St and Doig Ave are named after family members but Harry Doig was responsible for another name.
From just south of Guest St to the northern boundary of the Truemans Rd tip (or the proposed freeway)two allotments totalling 117 acres were granted to Robert Rowley, one of the peninsula's first permanent pioneers.Robert's wife Christine (Edwards) was from Longford in Tasmania. Their farmhouse was at the end of Carboor St.
Tootgarook was at first the official name for Rye as well as the Purves' station. After the Purves sold out, the area was variously described as Rosebud, Rye, and Birkdale (the most prominent feature being Birkdale House.) Harry Doig agitated successfully for the old name of Tootgarook to be used once again. (Whittaker's busline had advertised Dromana, Rosebud, Birkdale and Rye as drop off and pick up places for their tourist runs from Melbourne.)(Sources:Memoirs of a Larrikin,Rye:A Book of Memories, Ron Doig, Ray Guest and subdivision plans, Heather Spunner (Trueman genealogy), Parish maps, rate records, The Argus)
The Tootgarook station was sold in about 1920 and most of it became Rye Park of 519 acres, leased by Ern Jennings as a dairy farm until 1939. Between there and Morris St lived the Bright family. Frank Bright was the first captain of the Tootgarook Rural Fire Brigade. The Bright house was James Trueman's old tap room.Brights Drive is named after the family.
Like Rosebud West and Rye, Tootgarook had abundant limestone: the Stennikens supplied the stone for the original C of E school in Rye and James Trueman supplied additional limestone when this was demolished and the present front section of the church was built. (Sources: Lime Land Leisure, Rye: A Book of Memories.)
In the same suburb, but extending to neighbouring suburbs, is the Tootgarook Wetland. This wetland is about 300 hectares in size and supports many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna. Most of the wetland is in private ownership and some is vulnerable to development.
The local school in the area is Tootgarook Primary School, which currently has 203 students.
(Suburb Description for Tootgarook - Apartments Australia ...…/3941/tootgarook/more)

I had the same opinion of swamps as the pioneers, that they were a nuisance causing detours for travellers and a waste of valuable land. Buckley St in West Essendon used to be called Braybrook Rd because it led to the closest early crossing of the Saltwater River to Melbourne, Solomon's Ford,the aboriginal fish trap which had stopped Grimes' progress upriver by boat in 1803. The West Melbourne swamp prevented travel towards today's Footscray and Dynon Rd was originally called Swamp Rd.

Paul Dillon's children's book about frogs forced to flee the Balnarring swamp*, Cameron Brown's efforts to save the Tootgarook swamp, and the following, certainly changed my mind.
(*The Author — The Symphony by Paul Dillon

Wetlands, swamps 'hold great potential' to store carbon, fight ...
Feb 15, 2015 - "Wetlands can store approximately 50 times as much carbon as quite high carbon sequestration ecosystems such as tropical rainforests.

The suspension of the standing orders was moved by Cr Clark in order to hear the views of a deputation from landowners, Boneo, re the danger of swamp. Ex-Cr Cain, Messrs Jensen;-Woinarski and Crichton spoke in support of request for assistance in forming one road and the widening of three besides -Cr Rudduck supported the request, and stated that they should certainly help the progressive spirit., Here they had landowners who were prepared to put their hands into their pockets to improve their holdings, which would be beneficial to the. council. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-2-1912.)
N.B. John Cain's land was east of the swamp, his historic limestone house still standing just south of Bunnings, Woinarski was on Woyna between Elizabeth Ave and Truemans Rd south to Hiscock Rd and Alex Crichton was for many decades on John Lovie's grants south of Eastbourne and Woyna,Hiscock Rd being his northern boundary except for the southern 30 acres of the original Eastbourne that he farmed.

The lime deposits were not a startling discovery, most early pioneers from Boneo Rd to Portsea being engaged in the lime burning industry. It is interesting that the swamp area had been home to grass trees which remain in the Betty Clift Conservation Reserve (Melway 170 E6) in some numbers.

On a health trip to Europe, Mr .W.Cochrane Robertson, the supervising analyst of the Victorian Department of
Agriculture passed through Fremantle yesterday on the mail steamer Osterley. Combining business with pleasure, Mr.Robertson is taking to England for analysis a number of deposits amongst which is a unique organic substance from the Boneo swamp on the Mornington Peninsula in Victoria, which, it is claimed, will be of great commercial value. The treatment of a parcel of 50 tons, which is being conveyed to England by the s.s.Boorara, will be supervised by Mr.Robertson.

Discussing the potentialities of the deposit with a "West Australian" representative, Mr. Robertson explained that it was composed of a species of sedge grass or Zanthaema--a grass tree. The deposit was about five feet in depth and covered an area of 800 acres. Preliminary tests, which he had conducted in the destructive distillation of the substance, had resulted in an excellent return of sulphate of ammonia, light solvent oils and methyl alcohol, all of which are essentials in commerce particularly for the generation of power in its many forms. 'My particular mission," said Mr. Robertson, "is to determine the most suitable retort in which to conduct the distillations. To assist me, the department has arranged for the parcel of the deposit to be treated in several different ways and the results will guide me in my choice. If the success is as great as I anticipate these apparently useless swamp lands will become a valuable asset and will revolutionise the
vicinity in which they are situated." Mr.Robertson added that apart from the byproducts it would be made possible to provide power at an extremely small cost, and as there would be a large surplus
for disposal, considerable encouragement would be given to the establishment of industries. The deposit was superimposed upon a stratum of whiting which was eminently suited to the production of high-grade cement and the surrounding country was largely made up of lime deposits.
"'You will think I am expecting too much from 800 acres of swamp land," Mr.Robertson concluded, with a smile. "but if Western Australia could find a similar deposit-and there is no reason why there should not be one tucked away in this great State of yours--your agriculturists and scientists would find it equally beneficial to exploit as we shall." (etc.)(P.8, The West Australian, 24-3-1921.)

(P.38,The Australasian,2-10-1920. PHOTO.)

It is said that there is a large deposit of material useful as a fertiliser in the Boneo swamps. If this deposit is valuable and extensive, the goods traffic on the railway will eventually be great enough, perhaps, to pay for operation. Baldry's is five miles from Red Hill, and Boneo is five miles farther on. No request has been, or is likely to be made by the Railway Department for the extension of the railway, but interests are at work which may compel attention. (P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 9-12-1921.)

The Cicada, a wooden auxiliary ketch of 35 tons, belonging to tho Tootgarook Estate proprietary, Limited, and which trades in Port Phillip, was blown ashore at Dromana, Victoria, by a strong wind. A heavy sea was running, and by means of a line, which was made fast ashore,the crew of three landed safely. The vessel was laden with timber. (P.4,The Newcastle Sun, 11-8-1922.)

The Cicada had obviously been purchased to transport the fertiliser to Little Dock in Melbourne but between these trips,perhaps some of the 2 ft 6 inch lengths of ti tree provided by Ben Stenniken and James Sullivan were carried from Rye to Melbourne for the bakers' ovens. However the voyage above proved to be a disaster and may have been the reason there had been the difficulties associated with transport mentioned on 28-10-1922.

THIS DAY. At Twelve O'clock Noon. At the Rooms, 15 Queen Street Under Instructions from the Tootgarook Estates
Pty. Ltd., as Owner.
SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION of the AUXILIARY KETCH CICADA, As She Now Lies at the Entrance to Dromana, Together with all her Gear, including Gardiner Motor Engine (4-cylinder, Oin. stroke, 30-li.p.)and Winch Engine.
The vessel was built in 1877 at Huon, Tasmania, and measures 67 3-10th feet, breadth 18ft., depth in hold from tonnage deck to ceiling, 5ft. and two-tenths; gross tonnage, 35 and eight-tenths. She was refitted in December, 1920, and all her sails, &c., are practically new. CHARLES FORRESTER and Co. (P.2,Argus, 12-9-1922.)

Mornington Peat Deposits.
Fertiliser Plant to be Installed.
LONDON, Oct. 27.
Mr Walter Hiscock, of Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr E Lloyd Pease, of Stockton-on -Tees chemical works, has arranged to establish a plant at Mornington Peninsula for the production of a new fertiliser from Mornington's unique peat deposits.

The site selected by Mr Hiscock lies between Rosebud and Rye, in what is known as Boneo Swamp, on the Mornington Peninsula. In the district there is an immense deposit of valuable peat composed of decayed vegetable matter, guano and sea shells, which tests have shown to be of a great value, after a process of destructive distillation as a fertiliser The deposit is from 1ft to 8ft in depth, and extends towards Cape Schanck. In places it is exposed on the surface. Up to the present the output has been limited owing to the
difficulty of handling and transport. It is expected that within 12 months the works will be established.
(P.29, Argus,28-10-1922.)

Transport to the site of the "works" (now occupied by the motel on the east corner of Truemans Rd) was provided by a tramline that ran up the east side of Truemans Rd. The tramline is shown on an early map posted on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page by Ron Doig.

Proposal to Minister
With the object of making available for settlement the area of 1,200 acres covered by the Tootgarook swamp, a mile and a half from Rosebud, a deputation from the Flinders Shire Council yesterday requested the Minister for Public Works (Mr.Goudie) to provide £750 from unemployment relief funds for the regrading of the Boneo drain. The council, it was stated,was willing to contribute £250, and it was claimed that the soil, if properly
drained and sweetened for a few years, would be equal to the best in Victoria.Mr. Goudie said that if the residents were willing to form a drainage trust to ensure the proper maintenance of the drain he would inquire into the practicability of effectively draining the swamp. (P.10, Argus,22-7-1937.)

Rosebud West did not have its own name and an early foreshore committee actually decided to call the area Eastbourne after Crispo's property which comprised the Village Glen and land westwards to the line of Elizabeth Avenue. The swamp extended into the southern portion of Eastbourne,being fed by the Drum Drum Alloc Creek alongside which an imaginary government road ran from the junction of (Old) Cape Schanck and Jetty Rds to Truemans Rd through an area described as Boneo. It's easy for a surveyor to draw a road on a parish map but much harder (and expensive) to make a road THROUGH A SWAMP.

As you will see below,the swamp was referred to as the Boneo Swamp but it is now known as the Tootgarook swamp which is not in reference to the suburb (west of Truemans Rd)but the TOOTGAROOK RUN which extended east near the foreshore to the rocks (Anthonys Nose) until George Smith generously transferred the easternmost portion near the lighthouse) to Andrew McCrae's Arthurs Seat Run so the latter could have beach access. (I SUCCEEDED ONCE, Marie Hansen Fels.) Despite not being in the suburb of Tootgarook, the swamp's present name is correct because it was part of the TOOTGAROOK RUN. The same applies to the Truemans Rd Reserve and an early description of the location of Woyna.

The swamp area was usually under water in winter but probably provided good grazing later in the year as the water trickled out through Chinamans Creek. But the "vibe*" of Woyna had changed, a fertiliser plant at the north west corner and quarrying at the south west,linked by a noisy tram, meant no more "tranquility*" and reduced grazing for the cows. No wonder the dairy plant was being sold.(*Couldn't help using iconic words from THE CASTLE.)

Extensive Sale
DAIRY CATTLE AND PLANT ROSEBUD ROSEBUD WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1925 ALEX. SCOTT & Co. Pty, Ltd. have received instructions from the WOYNA DAIRY Co., "Tootgarook" Estate, 1 1/2 miles from Rosebud, 5 from Dromana, and 15 from Mornington, to sell by Public Auction, without reserve, on the Property, at 12 o'clock sharp on the above date
20 MILKERS 40 SPRINGERS 25 HEIFERS, 2 to 3 years. Jersey Bull, 2 years; Ayrshire Bull, 4 years; 3 Dt. Mares splendid workers; 5 Milk Cart Horses, good sorts; 31 h.p. Bartram Engine; 2 De Laval Separators (I steam); 4 Churns; 2 Coolers; 10 Milk Cans; etc. (P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 31-7-1925.)

When tenders for road work were advertised the location was usually given as so many chains between A's and B's (names of property owners. Few roads bore official names, hence the description of Truemans Rd as in the title. This could easily be interpreted as the road from Rosebud to Rye! Ben Stenniken had died and his land at Rye was being offered for sale along with the north eastern 108 acres of today's Tootgarook which was described as being at ROSEBUD.

LOT 3, on main road to Sorrento, corner of Government-road between Rosebud and Rye, Crown allotment 48, parish of Wannaeue, containing 103 acres 1 rood 23 perches, adjoining part of "Tootgarook Estate," and J. Trueman's property, a suitable block for subdivision into seaside allotments,having over half mile frontage to main road, with only the narrow Government reserve dividing it from the beach. (P.2, The Age, 24-1-1920.)

The Stenniken family had been associated with the Williamstown area* for some time and it is possible that they had named their grant,as described above, after a barque** operating since the 1880's and damaged by fire at Williamstown's Railway pier in 1923.
* Hobson's Bay Yacht Club. THE ANNUAL MEETING.
Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 - 1954) Saturday 5 October 1907 p 3 Article
... . J. Drunmmond's Fidana, B. Stenniken's S.J.S. and A. Knight's Britannia being most successful.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Monday 19 March 1923 p 15 Article

When I discovered that Whitakers had christened the area on the west side of Truemans Rd as Birkdale*, I assumed that this was because of Birkdale House on the east corner of Carmichael St,but perhaps the guest house was so- named because it was AT Birkdale! But an early advertisement does specify BIRKDALE HOUSE** as a stop rather than just BIRKDALE.
* DROMANA Rosebud Birkdale House Rye -Whitakers leave Whight's 116 Flinders st twice dally X4650
(P.30, Argus, 4-12-1937.)
** LEIGH. --- On the 4th March, at his daughter's residence, 13 Baxter street, Coburg, William Henry, beloved husband of Sarah Ann Leigh, loved father of Frank, Percy (Karkoak,N.Z.), Elsie (Mrs. Sinclair), Myrtle (Mrs.
Wiles), late Victorian Railways and Birkdale House, Rye. (No flowers. by request.) (P.8,Argus,6-3-1940.)

ROSEBUD: Birkdale House.Nepean Highway, cafe and apartments, 8 rooms, V.r., land 62 x160, walk-in. walk-out, passed In , £3,900, res. £5.200. (Eric Weber and Co. Pty. Ltd.) (P.11, Argus,11-10-1954.)

Obviously nobody else, apart from Whitakers,described today's Tootgarook as Birkdale and above it was called Rosebud and then Rye. Weber and Co. were obviously not locals and hadn't caught on that Birkdale House was now in TOOTGAROOK.

Mr. C. Gibbons
Mr. Claude Gibbons, who died at the week end, was a well-known land and estate agent at Tootgarook, near Rosebud. He was active in many moves for the advancement of Tootgarook, which is a new area between Rosebud
and Rye. Mr. Gibbons was a past president of Tootgarook Progress Association. (P.2, The Age, 12-10-1949.)

It is hard to be sure when the land on the west side of Truemans Rd was first called Tootgarook. No report of a Tootgarook Progress Association meeting mentions requests for the name to be adopted or even those in attendance (but I'll bet that Harry Doig was involved.) The name was mentioned in 1944 re a toilet block on the foreshore but since W.G.Hiscock who was the manager of the Tootgarook estate (with a house near the Broadway if I remember correctly)was reported in stock sales as being of Tootgarook,Rosebud,it is unclear whether the toilet block was to be east or west of Truemans Rd.

Claude Gibbons (as above) and Raymond Guest were in no doubt in 1948 about where the western half of James Trueman's grants was.

SATURDAY, NOV. 30. At 3.30 pm. On the Property,ALMARAY ESTATE, TOOTGAROOK.(Between Rosebud and Rye.)
GLORIOUS BEACH ALLOTMENTS each 64 Ft x 193 Ft, 4 Minutes from shops and Beach.
CLAUDE GIBBONS, Auctioneer. Rosebud, Tootgarook and Rye. Phone p u2914 and Ryt» 4.(P.5, The Age, 18-11-1948.)

I seem to remember that Claude Gibbons' office at Tootgarook was right near bus stop 25. Had he bought Birkdale House?

AUCTION, WEDNESDAY. 16th. at 1 o'clock sharp, on the property BIRKDALE HOUSE, Nepean Highway,- TOOTGAROOK (Between Rosebud and Rye. Right at Bus Stop 25).
CLAUDE GIBBONS, R.E.S.I. Auctioneer and Land Agent. Nepean Highway; TOOTGAROOK. Phone Rye 4.
(P.8, The Age,16-3-1949.)

You'll have to take my word on this. The brigade was not mentioned on trove. I believe the source was Nell Arnold's history.

John was a pioneer of the Tootgarook area that I'm sure nobody knew about. The only thing I knew about him was that he was not Lord (or Baron) Clyde's brother but that in 1869,it was assumed by the press that he would inherit the prize money won by Colin Campbell,who was born Colin M'Liver. The surname was actually McLiver but often appeared in newspapers with the apostrophe. He must have been related in some way to Baron Clyde whose father's name was John McLiver. The following is my attempt to provide details about John before and after the widespread publicity in 1869 but I can't guarantee that all references are to the same person.

DAVID HOWELL and Thomas B. Young will hear of imports I have by sending their address to John M'Liver, Williamstown Post Office.(P.1, Argus, 5-10-1853.)

Sir,- Allow us to draw your attention to proceedings that took place at the Police Court,Swanston-street, this afternoon. We attended there to obtain a form of application for a carrier's licence, when a police officer
informed us there were no printed forms to be had. We were leaving, when a carrier, Edward Rowland, of Preston, came out to get change to pay for a form the police officer had written out for him at a charge of 2s. 6d. We told Edward Rowland the charge was only 1s. He stated to the officer the charge was only 1s, when the
officer said; "You may go and get one where you can." We then applied at tho office on tho left hand side of the entrance, and there obtained the printed forms at 1s. each.
We are, Sir, your humble servants, JNO. MARRIOTT,JOHN M'LIVER. 251 Elizabeth-street, Melbourne.
(P.6, Argus, 23-5-1859.)

FOR SALE, a young HORSE, three years old, from Van Dieman's Land. John M'Liver, Armstrong's Stables.
(P.8, Argus, 20-6-1859.)

FOUR-ROOMED verandah COTTAGE, newly built, quarter-acre garden, to LET, at Benevolent Asylum, foot Spencer-Street, rent low. John M'Liver,251 Elizabeth-street.(P.1, Argus, 24-9-1859.)

Contract Accepted. — Extras on John M'Liver's contract, No. 817 of 1860, for fencing batteries at Sandridge, £20, John M'Liver. (P.5,The Age, 7-11-1860.)

...; Sydney and Heathcote roads, erection of mile-posts,£24, John M'Liver; Melbourne district, erection
of mile-posts, £43 15s., John M'Liver ; (P.5,Argus,26-1-1861.)

erection of mile-posts, £52 8s, John M'Liver. Melbourne to Ballaarat :(P.7,The Age, 1-1-1862.)

Mr John M'Liver entered a protest against the selection , Ellen Cecil of lots 4 of sec. 2, and 1 2 of sec. 8, she being under age. (P.25,Leader, 6-4-1867.)

M'LIVER-MAHONY.-On thE 4th ult., at St. Francis',John M'Liver, Kingston, Canada West, to Mary Mahony, Killcommon, Tipperary, Ireland. (P.4,Argus, 3-3-1868.)

The Herald of Saturday states:—"At the present moment a tiller of the soil is about to proceed to Europe to enforce his claim as next of kin to the late Lord Clyde, better known as Sir Colin Campbell. M'Liver, the free selector on Boneo, in the district of Tootgarook, who for some time has been, content to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, bursts suddenly upon us as the heir-presumptive to the son of Mr John M'Liver, of Glasgow, and; who entered the army as Ensign Campbell in 1808, and who in 1858 was created a peer by the title of Lord Clyde. From what we hear it seems probable that the Australian M'Liver, who until now has been satisfied with the benefits conferred upon him under the 42nd clause of the Land Act, will be able to substantiate his claim to the accumulated prize-money of the hero of Chillianwallah; Alma, and Lucknow.
(P.2s, The Ballarat Star, 30-8-1869.)

Richard Dwyer, a somewhat elderly man, was charged with having stolen a £l note from the dwellinghouse of John
M'Liver, residing near Dromana. He had taken the money during the absence of the prosecutor from his house, and concealed it in his necktie, where it was found upon his being arrested. The note was fully identified by the prosecutor. The prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment. (P.4, Argus, 2-3-1870.)

Letters received-; From Mr..E. M. T. O'Halloran, solicitor,Queen-street, Melbourne forwarding a second application on behalf of Mr. John M'Liver for payment of £283 3s 6d., balance due for work and labour, and intimating that unless the amount with costs was paid within one week proceedings would be instituted against the council.-Cr. Johnston explained that M'Liver had entered into a contract to complete certain work for a
certain sum; the work had not been completed to the satisfaction of the borough inspector, and fresh tenders haIl been invited at his (M'Liver's) risk. He moved that the balance of the contract, less the amount paid to the Second contractor, be paid to Mr. M'Liver. (ST KILDA COUNCIL.The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 23 December 1871 p 3 Article)

John M'Liver, farmer, of Villiers-street, Hotham. Causes of insolvency : High rent and bad crops. Liabilities, £92 5s.; assets, £51 ; deficiency, £41 5s.(P.3,The Age,22-9-1875.)

Tbe following forfeited lands will be open
for selection on and after Friday, Nov. 19 Wanraue-John McLiver, 140 acres.

Friday, 6th October.(Before Judge Noel.) Certificates (of discharge from insolvency)were granted to ...; John M'Liver,Hotham, farmer;etc. (P.6, The Age, 7-10-1876.)

Benalla, 9th December.— .. Shepparton. llth December.— John M'Liver, 192a.,Arcadia.(P.9, Leader,6-12-1884.)

At the Hawthorn Court on Tuesday, before Messrs. Walsh (chairman), Wallis(mayor),Harbison, Nichol, and Stackpole, a man named John M'Liver was charged with assaulting Ann M'Ewen and trespassing on her premises. He was also sued for £12 rent. According to the complainant's story, the defendant, who resided formerly at Malvern, came to her house at Glen Iris, and asked permission to place cattle in her paddock for a fortnight, promising to pay £12. He made proposals to lease her farm, but on referring to her landlord's agents she was refused permission to sub-let. Defendant had meanwhile taken up his abode with her. When requested to leave he not only refused to do so, but broke into the house, assaulted thecomplainant, and turned her furniture out.

In cross-examination by Mr. Gillott for the defence, Mrs. M'Ewen swore that she did not put her mark to a document produced, which proported to be a receipt for a payment by M'Liver on account of improvements purchased from her, and which it was represented would alter the aspect of the case.The point-blank denial of the complainant resulted in the case being adjourned, in order to allow of a witness being brought who, it
was alleged, saw her make her mark upon it. (P.10,Argus,1-4-1885.)

IMPOUNDED at Williamstown, June 10th, 1886, by John M'Liver. Trespass, ld. each.N.B.John was not the poundkeeper. (P.3, Williamstown Chronicle,19-6-1886.)

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago



"The force of his own merit makes his way."
--Henry VIII.

"Well, I am, not fair; and therefore I pray the gods to make me honest."
--As You Like It.

"He's honest, on mine honour."
--Henry VIII.

"He hath a heart as sound as a bell, and his tongue is the clapper; for
what his heart thinks, his tongue speaks."
--Much Ado About Nothing.

"For now he lives in fame, though not in life."
--Richard III.

If circumstances won't make a poet, as genius contemptuously asserts,
nor make up for blood in a horse, as even the stable boy swears to, they
are at times marvellously effective in making, and, for the matter of
that, also in unmaking men. So might we say with regard to the
well-known subject of this sketch, who, arriving amongst us with the
earliest, and within the repellent surrounding of an evil repute, yet
under different surroundings and favouring circumstances outlived all
traducements, whether true or otherwise, and after a long, practical,
and singularly useful career, died in the full regard of his adopted
country. The unanimity of dislike and moral depreciation with which he
was regarded by his Tasmanian fellows was not indeed without a certain
share of reason or excuse. That he was the son of a convict ought not,
of course, to prejudice him in these Christian days, when the sins of
the fathers are not to be visited upon the sons even to the first
generation. His father arrived with Collins's prisoner party, and the
boy, John Pascoe, then eleven years old, was sent with his parent--for
not seldom were wives or children thus sent with the convicts, to
ameliorate by such a touch of nature the hard features of a society of
adult vice, much as Hogarth, in some of his masterpieces of the human
woes or vices of his time, gives, in striking contrast, a foreground of
maternal affection, or of children at play in the artless innocence of
their looks and ways.

But he was probably neither a pretty nor an interesting boy; for as a
man he was of the very plainest, with a short figure, always negligently
"put on," a rough, mannerless way, and a voice husky and hoarse,
although redeemed at times into an approach to commanding an audience,
when he was strongly stirred in some exciting cause. Some people have no
patience to subdue natural antipathies in such cases, and these people
would, as well-known scripture (with some transposition of the idea)
tells us, be apt to be most plentiful "in his own country." But, again,
Fawkner was himself a convict. Yes, but for what? Certainly if a man so
notorious in after life had committed any very disparaging crime it must
have been as notorious as his name. But I never heard anything
distinctive beyond that he had, for something or other, passed under the
Caudine Forks of the Van Diemen's Land Criminal Courts. Inevitably his
early upbringing was in low associations, where, probably, ties of
friendly feeling survived, as to which he might have said with the bard
of Avon--"I am not of that feather to shake off my friend when he must
need me" (Timon of Athens). My impression was that he had been convicted
of harbouring, or aiding to escape, some who had broken the law,
whatever more that may have meant, for, with his pluck, he was probably
little troubled about niceties of fine feeling, and, thus accoutred,
Providence dropped the man amongst altogether different circumstances
and associations in his new location.

I had much to do with Fawkner, especially after he and I met in our
young colony's first Legislature, and after I sufficiently knew him, so
as to allow for the rough exterior of his nature, I never had but one
opinion of the man. That opinion was, that throughout every condition of
the considerable space of his later life, whether in health or sickness,
strength or weakness, prosperity or adversity--for, at first at least,
he, like many others, was not prosperous in golden-fleeced and golden
Victoria--he toiled, late and early, for what, in his honest judgment,
was for the good of his colony; and with a singleness of purpose which
was not excelled--was not, I think, equalled, to my knowledge at
least--by any other in that colony.

He seemed to make an ascent under the exhilarating circumstances of his
new and increasingly responsible position, and to have the consciousness
of a great mission, which nerved him to surmount all that was dubious in
his earlier career. Nor was he behind in less pretentious ways. I never
once heard of any mean or over-reaching act of his, even in the smallest
matters. He once told me, in his prosperous days, with much becoming
feeling, and as an incident he could never forget, that when quite
broken in fortune, he had received, as unasked as unexpected, a most
timely pecuniary help from Mr. Henry Moor, the well-known solicitor. The
two were, I think, at hearty variance across the political hedge; the
more honour to both.

We have seen that he showed pluck in his earlier life, even in bad
associations; and he displayed the same under better auspices later on.
His action with a certain gravely suspected Commissioner of Crown Lands
was a good illustration. This high functionary, who, in those
pre-constitutional times, was practically an irresponsible Caesar over a
vast estate of dependent Crown tenants, whose interests might in any
case be seriously jeopardized by any unfairness, and who, therefore,
like the wife of his prototype, should be even above suspicion, was
accused by rumours, of no slight noise or breadth, of unfaithfulness to
his charge, and in the grossest and most mercenary of forms. Even with
the clearest case it was anything but assuring to attack such a man in
those days of authority. But Fawkner's bite was too deep for any laissez
faire cure, and so, nolens volens, the Commissioner had to defend or
retrieve his character. The verdict of a farthing damages, at which
amount the jury estimated that character in the case, was complete
justification to Fawkner, and laid the whole Province under lasting
obligation to him for a most important public service.

Another of his more prominent services was upon the first Gold
Commission, 1854-5, summoned hastily together by the Governor, Sir
Charles Hotham, under the surprise, not unmixed with consternation,
caused by the Ballarat riot, an incident which, in some of its aspects,
such as the stockade structure, deserved rather the graver name of
rebellion. Already in his 63rd year, in broken health, and certainly the
weakest physically of the membership, he was the most active of all,
ever running full tilt into every abuse or fault or complaint that might
help to explain this unwonted, and, indeed, utterly purposeless and
stupid incident of a British community. In my capacity as chairman, I
appreciated Fawkner's untiring, or more properly, unyielding spirit, and
under travelling fatigues, too, of no mean trial even to younger men.
For the Colossus of Rhodes, as my energetic friend, Dr. (now Sir
Francis) Murphy, was humorously called, on accepting, recently before,
the charge of the rutty and miry ways of golden Victoria, had as yet
made but feeble progress in his most urgent mission. We learned enough
to explain, at least, if not to excuse the miners; and were thus guided
to a reconstruction of goldfields administration. This was chiefly in
that national element, hitherto utterly absent there, of local
representative institutions; and the change has since assured the future
from even John Bull's proverbial growling. General McArthur, with a few
troops, promptly, but not without considerable bloodshed, ended the sad
farce. In view of the very exceptional features of an incident extremely
unlikely to occur again, Fawkner and most others of the commission were
most decided for a general condonance; and this was agreed to in the
report by all except the Official Commissioner, Mr. Wright, who,
excusably enough, sided with his official superiors for a treason trial.
But the jury, as might have been anticipated, acquitted the prisoners.
One of their leaders, Mr. Peter Lalor, who lost one of his arms in the
cause, has since been for many years Speaker of the Victorian Assembly,
and as loyal to his Queen as he is genial to his many friends.

When we wound up the Commission's inquiry at Castlemaine, and on the
morning of a hot midsummer day embarked upon one of the springless "Cobb
and Co's" of the time, with the prospect of ten or twelve hours of
terrible jolting before us, poor old Fawkner seemed so much enfeebled
that I was in some doubt as to his being landed alive at Melbourne. But,
game to the last, he rode uncomplainingly through all; and he lived even
a goodly number of years after, but only to do more and more work. Old
General Anderson, of early colonial memory, had a habit, quite his own,
of saying to the face of anyone whose conduct gave him satisfaction, and
in his blunt soldierly way, "Sir, I have a great respect for you." Such
an accrediting and not unacceptable declaration he addressed, times
more, I think, than once, to Fawkner. Indeed, all classes of the colony,
from the highest, in which the gallant colonel moved, to the humblest,
now alike recognized the veteran who had so long and so well fought for
them all. When at last the spirit quitted the worn-out frame, and its
well-known form, possibly, even to the last, keeping up still, amongst
some few, the lingering dislike of the long past, was to be no more seen
amongst us, there seemed but one impulse for the occasion, which
fittingly expressed itself in a funeral procession entirely
unprecedented in its every aspect. This was not less to the colony's
honour than to that of Fawkner. He died on 4th September, 1869. Not the
least impressive feature of the funeral, perhaps the most, was the
remarkable prayer offered up at the grave by the Reverend Dr. Cairns.
Victoria's most eloquent preacher, in giving the true setting to the
life and character of the man, thanked God, in the name of the colony,
for such a life, the influence and example of which could not but be for
good to all who were to follow. He has fought bravely for the R.I.P. of
the tomb. He rests from his labours, and his works do follow him.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago


IN ABOUT 1845,WILLIAM WESTGARTH WAS TOURING AUSTRALIA FELIX AS MAJOR MITCHELL CALLED IT. His pen pictures of the Hentys rival those of Harry Huntington Peck about pioneers in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.


"Let the end try the man."
--2nd Part Henry IV.

"Great world! Victoria brings thee meat and corn and wine,
With richly veined woods, and glittering gold from mine,
Fairy web of silken thread, soft thick snowy fleece;
Wide room for smiling homes of industry and peace."
--Mrs. H.N. Baker.

The founder of to-day's great colony of Victoria was Mr. Edward Henty,
who landed at Portland Bay from Launceston, with live stock and stores,
for the purpose of settlement, on the 19th November, 1834. But in regard
to that notable event I prefer to speak of "The Henty Family," because,
in their colonizing efforts they seem to have acted so much with mutual
family purpose and in mutual help, and because there was a preparatory
work in which the family were all more or less engaged, all leading up
to this settlement at Portland, a site which had been selected after
more than two years of previous adventurous excursions and observations
along the coasts of Western Victoria and of South Australia.

The successful settlement of the noble Port Phillip Harbour the
following year by Batman and Fawkner caused such general attention and
such a tide of colonization, that remote Portland was comparatively
overlooked. For many years, therefore, much less was heard of the Hentys
than of those who had merely followed their steps. In fact, there can be
but little doubt that these latter were first aroused to the colonizing
of the vast areas, the all but terra incognita, across the Straits by
the vigorous example set by the Henty family almost from the moment of
their arrival in Launceston in 1831, and by the reports which they
brought back from time to time of the lands of promise they were opening
to public notice in South-Eastern Australia. But now that rail and
telegraph have virtually abolished distance, and familiarized the
central colonists with the value and beauty of the earliest occupied
Western areas--the Australia Felix of Mitchell--the Messrs. Henty's
position has passed more to the front, and their priority been
universally acknowledged.

I was not personally very intimate with any of the Henty family,
otherwise I might have had more to say in this sketch. But I have met
most of the brothers repeatedly, and frequently I met James, the
Melbourne merchant, who was the eldest, and also William, the lawyer and
ex-Premier of Tasmania, a most amiable and gentlemanly man, who latterly
resided at Home, where he died, and who often attended the lectures and
discussions at the Royal Colonial Institute of London. Both of these
brothers were rather grave and quiet, while Edward and Stephen were
energetic and lively even beyond most colonists. Francis, now the only
survivor of the large family, I met only once, about forty-three years
ago, in the Western District. He was then a handsome and rather slim
young man, not of the Henty mould, which was rather of the full John
Bull kind, as "Punch" gives him, minus the obesity. But if I may credit
the Melbourne "Illustrateds" in a recent likeness of the last of the
Victorian founders, he must have consented, in later life, to drop more
into the family mould. They were a family of eight sons and one
daughter. Seven of the sons emigrated with their father. They were all
men of mark, above average in mind and physique--men of a presence, who
would have been prominent in any society; altogether, in numbers, in
appearance, in circumstances, and in events, quite a remarkable family.

As I am not writing for history, so as to study completeness in my
account, but only of personal observations and recollections, I shall
not do more than give a very slight sketch of the emigratory particulars
of this family, and my excuse is that these data are so far personal as
having been told me direct by one or other of the family. The story is
striking, and our descendants may look back with surpassing interest to
the Romulus and Remus of a future Rome which, in the possibilities of
modern progress, may exceed that of the past. The father, Mr. Thomas
Henty, of Sussex, England, took the resolution to emigrate, with his
family, to the "Swan River," as the present Western Australia was then
called. In 1829 he sent his eldest and two younger sons there, with
suitable servants and supplies, intending to follow with the rest. These
pioneers declared against the Swan, and advised their father to go to
Launceston instead, to which place they themselves also went. Arrived
all there in 1831, a new disappointment awaited the family. No grant of
land could be had, as in the case of the Swan, where they had 84,000
acres. This grant system had been abolished only a fortnight before
their arrival. They had now to rent their farms, and the prospects,
therefore, were discouraging. They were unable even to effect an
exchange for their Swan River grant.

This disappointment led to a search, begun in 1832, under the lead of
Edward, the second son, who twice traversed the seas between Portland
and Spencer Gulf, examining the aspect and promise of the country. The
result was always in favour of Portland, where he landed on one
occasion, confirming all impressions by actual inspection ashore. He,
therefore, resolved on a settlement here. In his second expedition he
took his father with him, as the latter had expressed the wish to see
for himself the Swan River grant before finally abandoning it. The
party, having reached the Swan, found that what they had got was "sand,
not land," and so it was finally given up.

Edward, who was the prime adventurer of the party, now got ready to
settle at Portland Bay. He chartered a small schooner, "The Thistle",
loading her with stores and live stock, and with selections of seed,
fruit trees, vegetables, etc., part of them bought from Fawkner, who had
then a market garden on Windmill Hill, near Launceston, besides keeping
the Cornwall Hotel there; and with these he sailed in October, 1834. In
two days they were within twenty-five miles of their destination, when a
storm drove them back to King's Island. Six times successively they were
thus driven back, losing a good many of their live stock, and it was
only after thirty-four days that they effected their landing. The work
of colonization began at once. "The Thistle" returned to Launceston for
fresh supplies and additional colonists, and returned this second time
with Francis Henty, the youngest of the family, who landed at Portland
on 13th December, within twenty-four days of his brother. Edward was
then twenty-four years of age, and his brother only eighteen. This is
the brief but momentous story of the founding of Victoria.

Mr. Francis Henty has given a most amusing account of the meeting
between his party and that of Major (afterwards Sir Thomas) Mitchell,
who, in exploring "Australia Felix," in 1836, came, in great surprise,
upon the Henty settlement at Portland. The story reads now like the
highest romance of adventurous exploration. The Mitchell intruders, five
in number, were at once regarded as bushrangers, and a defence promptly
organized. The fire-arms were limited to an old musket, which was loaded
to the very muzzle, to be ready for a grand discharge. Then as to the
Mitchell party, even after they were relieved of their first fears, for
they too had taken the others to be "no better than they should be,"
they exercised a measure of reserve, as though doubtful of their new
friends' respectability. Mutual suspicions, however, being at last
dismissed, the travellers were supplied with the stores they much
wanted, and, in return, they gave such a favourable account of the
pastures of the Wannon Valley as to induce Mr. Edward Henty subsequently
to remove a part of the flocks there, and to establish the homestead
where, as I have already stated, I enjoyed in my Western Victorian
travels the squatting hospitalities.

Let me add just one more incident of the Henty family, one personal to
myself, but in quite a different direction from the above. Once, on a
special occasion, I met the banker, Charles, who had stuck to his
profession at Launceston, instead of adventuring across the Straits with
his brothers. Besides his quiet banking vocation, he was, I think, the
portliest of the family, which may be the explanation. The occasion was
a public dinner to the Anti-Transportation League delegation, sent from
Melbourne, in 1852, to stir up the cause at the Van Diemen's Land
fountain head of the common evil, and of which delegation my lately
deceased old friend Lauchlan Mackinnon and myself were regarded as the
heads. Mackinnon, like many another such vigorous Highlander, as he then
was, could never take a subject of deep interest to himself quietly. We
had had a sample of him already at Hobart, where the feeling as to our
mission was by no means clear, both from the natural touchiness of
convict connection or descent, and from that still considerable section
of colonial employers and traders who thought that the ledger and its
profit and loss account had at least an equal right to be heard in the
question as any other so-called higher interest. The ground, slippery
enough at Hobart, was supposed to be still more treacherous at
Launceston. Had not Edward Wilson, of the thoroughly Mackinnonized
Melbourne "Argus", been but a little before nearly mobbed by the furious
Anti-Antis of this place, to his utter surprise and astonishment at his
own importance, and been only saved, in life or limb perhaps, by old
Jock Sinclair, who was timely on the spot, and who dexterously led him,
by a roundabout, to safety within the departing steamer for Melbourne?
In short, a row was more than half expected from the Mackinnon speech,
and as this was undesirable, for good reasons to all sides of Launceston
society, Mr. Henty resolved to prevent it, and did so most successfully
by a very adroit but not unworthy trick. He took occasion to speak just
before the Mackinnon avalanche was to come on. Introducing Mackinnon and
commending his straightforward honesty in this matter, and so on, he
said that some such people could not take even a good cause in
moderation; but that these defects, if he might so call them, were more
easily seen than remedied, and that all kindly consideration must be
made in the case. I fear I am not literal as to the identical words,
although I heard them, but I have given the purport. Poor Mackinnon, as
he afterwards laughingly pleaded, what could he do under the cold douche
of such a wet blanket? He made the smallest and quietest speech of his
life upon a great and stirring subject.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago


I had never heard of Yering until I wrote my journal about George and Ollie Johnstone of Purves Rd near Dromana. William wrote his memories of Early Melbourne while sailing back to visit his old haunt. They included his visit to Yering and the effect of the 1843 depression which ruined many squatters. Strange to think that the Ryries' misfortune gave rise to a Yering product even more famous than the acclaimed wine, marathon champion, Robert de Castella! Perhaps descendants of pioneering Yering families might like to provide information about their families' contributions in the early days of the area. I have made a start in the first comment box with a tribute by the Yering correspondent to the area's pioneers and mention of the departure of the teacher, Mr Lohan (who obviously had been at the Yering school for some time.) As people add their stories, I will include their ancestors' surnames to the surnames list as I have done with Mr Lohans.


Another pleasant trip about this time was to Yering, the Ryries'
station, situated nearly half-way up to the cool mountainous sources of
the River Yarra. This had already been made a charming home to any
contented mind, satisfied to fall back upon country resources. It was a
cattle station, for, in the thickly wooded hills, hollows, and flats
about sheep could not live--at least, to any purpose--and the homestead
had the importance of a little straggling street, with the main dwelling
at the top, as the end of a cul-de-sac, and the dairy and what not in
marshalled line below. We revelled in pastoral abundance. I wandered
into the adjacent woods, experiencing the sense of overpowering grandeur
amidst their vast solitudes, with the gum-trees rising straight above me
with colossal stems, not seldom 300 feet and more in height, and 100
feet, or even much more, from the ground without a branch. When this
"redgum" has elbow room, it expands in all variety of form, attaining in
favouring circumstances vast dimensions, as in one example met with in
the Dandenong Ranges, which measured 480 feet in height. But in this
Yering case, crowded as they were impoverishingly together upon flats of
the river, they did not bulk out into such dimensions, but they shot up
side by side, straight as arrows, rivals en route to the clouds. Sad
changes came to Yering's happy and hospitable owners since, for, like
many others, they had to "realize" in the bad times, and to quit a most
pleasant home. But Yering itself has thriven, and has since advanced
into a great wine-producing district, whose wines Mr. De Castella, its
later owner, has made to carry prizes even at European Exhibitions.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago


The Brokil Estate was the northern 1000 or so acres of Jamieson's Special Survey with its north east corner being the corner of Bulldog Creek and Foxeys Rds in Melway 151K11. LIME LAND LEISURE gives much detail about the purchase of the Survey in three parts by William John Turner "Big" Clarke and his sale of the northern part to John Vans Agnew Bruce. The following court case shows that Bruce owned the Brokil Estate by 1861 and that he had leased it by 1861 to tenants named Atkins and Ekins. In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear stated that Edwin Louis Tassell had settled on the Survey in 1861, which is now obviously incorrect. Tassell was not the first lessee of Bruce's estate but was the first to pay rates on it. Tassells Creek, originally called Bruce's Creek in a lease advertisement following Tassell's death (see my journal SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY) was the Port Phillip Bay end of Brokil Creek. It is not clear when Atkins and Ekins commenced their lease but the purpose of this journal is to make clear that they were leasing the property from Bruce before Tassell.

Leslie Moorhead stated in OSBORNE STATE SCHOOL that Henry Dunn had leased the Mount Martha Sheep Station, which had consisted of James Hearn's extensive grants (between Ellerina Rd and Watsons Drive)and the survey. Colin McLear stated that Dunn had leased the survey from 1846 to 1851. Bruce calls his estate the Mt Martha Sheep Station in his testimony.

A motion on behalf of tho plaintiff, a lessor, to restrain the defendants, lessees, from cutting timber trees on land leased to them for five yoars on tbe Mount Martha Station, at Dromana. Mr, J. W. Stephen for the plaintiff, Mr.Abraham for Atkins, Mr, Billing for Ekins.

The case mado for the motion was substantially that the plaintiff had purchased about 1,100 acres of land, much covered with timber and scrub ; that he had improved the land by clearing about fifty acres, and putting up a hut and buildings, by fencing in 800 acres, and by cutting down somo portions of the timber, and preserving other portions of it, in such a way as at once to increaso the capability of the land for pasturage, to leave sufficient shade for cattle, and to increaso the beauty and ornamental value of the property ; that ho had let to Atkins, for five years, at £100, for pastoral purposes, and that Atkins and Ekins had, in partnership, begun to waste the estate by stripping it of its timber, in such a manner as to diminish its value for pastoral purposes, and as an ornamental estate.

The case for the defendants was, that they had leased the property as a farm, and for cultivation purposes ; that it was no waste of a farm to cut down the wood which they bad cut down ; that no wood properly called timber trees had been cut down, but only such wood as sheoak, swamp oak, cherry, honeysuckle, snd underwood-no
stringybark, or other wood fit for building purposes. The authorities cited were-Brooks v. Bedford, Viet. Law T., 101 ; Turner v. Jackson, Viet. Law T., 127; Duke of St. Albans v. -, 8 Beav.,354 ; Micklethwaite v. same, 1 De G. and J., 504 ; and Woodfall's L. and T.

His HONOUR.-In this case Mr. Bruce seems to have purchased about 1,000 acres of land in a situation and of a sort which in most countries would be called forest land. Ho improved it by fencing in the greater part of it, and-as he himself describes it-by clearing fifty acres of it of timber, and preparing it for crops.
He then leased it to one of the defendants, and the lease contains stipulations as to the " improvements" at the end of tho term. Having thus described what he meant by improving the land, he now seeks to restrain the tenant from doing the very thing which he has called an improvement-namely, the clearing of the land of
timber and preparing it for cultivation and crops.

He says that in cutting down the timber he saved certain trees, which he then, in his own mind,regarded as ornamental timber. Neither he nor they agreed in any way as to what should be preserved, but he alone was anxious in his own mind to preserve certain trees which he regarded as ornamental. He does not say that he communicated to his tenants that ornamental timber was to bo preserved, or what he regarded as ornamental; and we must now go, not by what he thinks or then thought, but by what he communicated to them as ornamental, and as to be preserved, because such. The case, therefore, so far as founded on any possiblo rights arising out of the ornamental timber, seems to be not sustained,and to rest very much on matter of fancy. But then, as between landlord and tenant, in the absence of anything communicated to ihe tenant the case must be considered on the terms of the written agreement itself.

No doubt there is a great difference in the position of the mother country and Victoria in this respect, that in the mother country it is the removal of timber from land which it is most often desired to guard against, whilst here the removal of timber was more often the object to be secured. But that makes it only the more necessary that the real intentions and interests of the landlord should be plainly stated, and guarded by
express stipulations, and not left to mere legal intendment from loose and vague provisions such as were used here. On the whole it will generally bo better here, notwithstanding the difference in this respect between the two countries, that in the construction of such agreements concerning land the same words shall be held to bear the same meaning in instruments in Victoria that those words bear in the mother country, and that parties be left to interpret themselves differently by express provisions where tbey use suoh words with different meanings.

In the mother country, under a lease for five years a tenant would have a right to cut down and romove all wood which does not come under tho denomination of timber, and no right to cut down anything that does. But there
remains the difficult question of what are timber trees here. This question is also left in a very vague condition on the particular facts of this case. I think I am generally to understand by timber trees all trees used for building purposes in the place where the timber is growing.

Some trees are timber in England everywhere; some are timber nowhere there; others are of a mixed nature, and are, according to the custom of the locality, timber in some parts and not timber in other parts of the country. There also the circumstance which determines whether the wood is timber is its use for building purposes only ; not, I believe, its use for fencing purposes, as has been argued here. Now I cannot take
judicial notice of what sorts of wood are timber trees here, either generally or in particular localities. It must be left for the parties to show that by evidence in each case.

The plaintiff has here sought to restrain the defendants from cutting all trees : he has so for certainly asked more than he is entitled to : and it was for him to give evidence in support of his application ; to define
his right, and the extent to which it has suffered, and the remedy which he seeks to enforce. He has not defined what classes of trees are timber,or what timber trees have been cut down. The defendants, on the other hand, do give some information as to one class of trees whioh they seem to admit are timber trees, by saying that only stringybark trees are such in this locality, and none others. That evidence comes, however, from the defendants themselves, and I do not think I ought to take it so as to preclude either party hereafter from better proof.

There are enough materials before me to justify me in granting an injunction confined in its terms to the stringybark trees only. Let an injunction go as to those. Costs of motion to be costs in the cause. By consent, the defendants to have liberty to remove what is already cut ; and [as we understood] to keep an account of all trees cut in future, because it may turn out at the hearing that other than stringybark trees are to be deemed timber-trees there.


PETER.—On the 23rd inst., at her residence, Chandos, Broadmeadows, Mary, relict of the late John Peter,
formerly of Tubbo Station, New South Wales, aged 73 years. R.I.P. (p.1, Argus,25-9-1884.)

Funeral Notices.
The Friends of the late Mrs. MARY PETER are invited to follow her remains to the Spencer-street railway station (en route to Wanga Wagga Cemetery).
The funeral will leave her late residence Chandos,Broadmeadows, THIS DAY (Friday, the 20th inst),at half-past 11 o'clock.(P.1,Argus, 26-9-1884.)

Chandos was one of the street names that I suggested for the Alanbrae Estate,the subdivision of "Willowbank" north of Kenny St and the old Broadmeadows Township, now known as Westmeadows.

John Peter bought "Chandos" from the grantee of sections 6 and 15, parish of Tullamarine, John Carre Riddell, the transaction recorded in the memorial volume 170 folio 2. It was part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate. It fronted the west side of today's Mickleham Rd from the midline of Londrew Ct. and Freight Rd.(where it adjoined the Junction Estate) north to the Moonee Ponds Creek. Its western boundaries were Derby St (where it adjoined the one acre blocks in Hamilton Terrace)and Wright St (west of which were blocks of about 6 acres that were consolidated into farms such as Wallis Wright's Sunnyside and Charles Nash's Fairview.)

I had always assumed that Bent St in Broadmeadows Township was named after Tommy Bent, politician, but perhaps it was named after Ann Peter's brother.

BENT - On the 10th inst, at the residence of his sister, Mrs. J. Peters, Broadmeadows, John Bent,aged 68 years, NSW papers please copy. (P.1, Argus, 21-2-1880.)

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN BENT, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Keilor Cemetery. The funeral will move from the residence of Mrs.J Peters, Broadmeadows, THIS DAY, 21st inst., at 3 o'clock. (P.5, Argus, 21-2-1880.)

The children of Broadmeadows Township had a favourite swimming hole on Chandos that they called Peterson's Hole. Rate records revealed that nobody named Peterson occupied Chandos so the hole most likely got its name because Mary Peter's son swam there.

Consisting of 467 acres, Chandos was mainly in section 6. John Cock who was leasing Gladstone (formerly Stewarton and now the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park) bought Chandos from the Peter Estate and divided it into three farms which became known as Wright's "Strathconan", Bill Lockhart's "Springburn" and Percy Judd's "Chandos Park" of 142, about 188 and 123 acres respectively, Judd's being in section 15.


1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago


This journal,like many,arose from a private message. It was originally entitled A CONVERSATION ABOUT JAMES AND LAURENCE WHITE OF THE BALNARRING DISTRICT but as I have found just found much information about the so-called Mr Berriman from the so-called Euroa (who bought 160 acres from James White's estate in 1906) such as Eric Rundle purchasing Warrawee from his estate in 1950 (Balnarring Byways) and the lead he took in introducing agriculture to the district (P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 3-7-1909), Louis is no longer a bit player in the story.

Hi We own Ealing Park which is 13 Turners Road Balnarring and was part of the original 90 acres of James White.
Do you know when it was selected and then freeholded?

Having checked in Melway,it would seem to me that No 13 is just south of the bend in Turners Rd halfway between Myers and Hunts Rds and on the east side of Turners Rd. Your property would probably be the northernmost portion of crown allotment 60A, parish of Bittern, located on the east corner of Myers and Turners Rds and extending north to the aforementioned bend, as does crown allotment 59B on the west corner. The latter was granted to L.White (probably Lawrence) on 27-9-1878. Crown allotment 60A was granted to John White, administrator (executor)of J.White (probably James) on 21-2-1900.

James White had obviously settled in the area by 1874 as the following shows but there is no proof that he was on either of the two crown allotments mentioned.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 14 September 1874 p 6 Article
I asked the prisoner when he had left "The Plains," meaning Moriarty's place, he said, " Yesterday " (Sunday). I said, "Where were you all night?" He replied, "I stopped with an old man, I got off the track." I asked the old man's name, and he said he could not tell me. I mentioned two men, James White and John McConnell, the only two single men that I knew on the track, and he said it was neither of them.

There is much detail about James and Lawrence White in one of the volumes of Balnarring Byways, available at the Rosebud Library and possibly at your local branch. I can't recall whether it specifies crown allotments or year of settlement but it may. I don't think the books are available for loan and if you will find it hard to access the books, give me a yell.
Regards, me.

Yes, we are on the northern boundary of 60A and are occupants of a very old single storey weatherboard farmhouse, which presumably was built by the Whites, as it is quite a substantial building even now.

The building was probably built of timber milled on site, as it is quarter-sawn and the marks of the big saw are visible both on the structural timbers and the weatherboards. We are currently adding on to the house in the same style, with its ten foot ceilings. There are also two extant chimneys from the old house with hand-made bricks, which are also quite a feature.
Unfortunately the old buttery and cheesery are long gone, but looking for photos


I just found why John White, obviously not a son of James White, was administering the will of James in 1900. The hay might have been grown on 60A or another farm, of 160 acres, near Bittern station.

James White a well known resident of Balnarring, on Monday afternoon fell of a load of hay whilst loading a dray. He fell on his head and was instantaneously killed through the dislocation of his neck. Deceased was a single man. A post-mortem examination was conducted on Tuesday when a verdict of accidental death was returned. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 7-12-1899.)

While hunting for an obituary to find when 60A was settled or a legal notice to find John White's relationship to the deceased James,I found a bit of dirt on Lawrence White and his son,James - a sheep stealing charge.

MORNINGTON. Police Court. Before Mr Smallman P. M. and Messers G. S. Hepburn, W. M. Irvine and W. C. Walker J's P.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 15 November 1900 p 3 Article Illustrated
... . Hepburn, W. M. Irvine and W. C Walker J's P. Laurence White of Balnarring and James White his son a lad of ..

James White had another farm, of 160 acres.*.(60A is 95 acres, CORRECTION 90 ACRES!) The article is being digitised apparently.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Tuesday 8 May 1906 p 6 Article
... closer settlement. In addition, the executors of the late James White's estate have sold 160 acres* at ... Balnarring at £5 5/ per acre to Mr. Berriman, of Beaufort.

* and has also just disposed of 160 acres in the estate of the late Mr James White, situated close to Bittern railway station, (P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-5-1906.)

John White was spending more than just the purchase price of 60A unless his tour was at the expense of the government.
Mr John White, of Balnarring, who has been away on an extended tour through England, South Africa, and several other countries, returned home last Tuesday.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 8-3-1902.)

Mr John White, of Balnarring, who only recently returned from the war,has re-enlisted with the Contingent at present in camp.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-5-1902.)

John White,executor of the single James White and grantee of 60A, was the eldest son of Lawrence White. He seemed to have owned a horse called INVESTMENT which stood at 60A.

Family Notices
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 30 May 1912 p 3 Family Notices
... celebrated of Mr b John White, eldest son of the late Mr ti Laurence White, of Balnarring, and Miss

I'll try to have a look at the Flinders Road District rates (1869-1874) tomorrow to find if James White was assessed on 95 (correction,90) acres and if not there, the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong rates from 1875. Net Annual Values usually give an indication of when a homestead was built and extended.

Thanks xxx, very interesting, regards John.

I'm afraid that it's going to be near-impossible to determine the age of any buildings on crown allotment 60A Bittern. Titles information might help but I doubt it because they mainly concern the location and dimensions/ area of the land. I've researched the White land in each year from 1869 to 1907 and then, knowing about Cr Terry's demand for properties to be described properly, in 1911 and 1913.

James White seems to have built a house in between the assessments of 1884 and 1885 when the nett annual value of his property rose from 20 pounds to 25 pounds. There was a further rise in N.A.V. to 28 pounds in the 1888 assessment which could have been caused by an addition to the house or a general increase in the value of farmland as this was the height of the land boom. The value of his land then remained unchanged until 1905 (after 60A Bittern had simply disappeared from the face of the earth.)

In the Flinders Road Board's first assessment of 1869, neither James nor Laurence White was mentioned in the Bittern division (parish.) In 1870, Laurence was leasing 95 acres (N.A.V. 5 pounds 5 shillings) from the Crown. In 1874,the N.A.V. rose to 6 pounds 6 shillings.

The first Flinders and Kangerong Shire assessment in 1875 does not record either of the Whites but the 1876 rates showed that Lawrence was still leasing the 95 acres at Bittern from the Crown,the N.A.V. rising to 9 pounds.As stated previously he received the grant for 59B at the end of 1878 and the rate collector acknowledged his ownership in 1880. The following year "buildings" raised the 10 pounds. In 1905 the value of his property doubled, obviously because of a more substantial BUILDING. His assessment remained the same for the next two years. The disappearance of James White's 60A necessitated a jump to 1911 and I forgot to record Laurence's assessment in that year. In 1913, there was no assessment of Laurence but James White, the former 14 year old student charged with sheep stealing, was rated on 96 acres, c/a 59 B,Bittern, N.A.V. 24 pounds. It would be extremely likely that Laurence had been on 59B by the 1870 assessment.

In 1876, James White was rated on 160 acres, Balnarring, N.A.V. 12 pounds and he was recorded as the owner in 1877. The N.A.V. rose to 15 pounds in 1879 and 17 pounds in 1881 when he was rated on 250 acres,Bittern and Balnarring and buildings. Amazing! The addition of 60B Bittern, which James must have settled in late 1880 or early to mid 1881, had only lifted the NAV by 2 pounds. The rise to 20 pounds in 1882 would seem to have been well warranted. In 1885,it rose to 25 pounds and in 1888 to 28 pounds, possibly because of additions to buildings or rising values caused by the 1880's boom. The value of the 160 acres in the parish of Balnarring (near the station as mentioned previously) increased by 2 pounds in 1905.

In 1899, some effort had been made to identify the 160 acres in Balnarring,with 74A,74B being noted. This is nonsense as crown allotment 74 Balnarring is nowhere near the Bittern railway station, and in fact became the Red Hill Village Settlement. This is a problem to be solved at another time,60A Bittern being our focus. By 1901 John White was recorded as the owner of the 250 acres,now specified as 160 acres Balnarring (NAV 18 pounds),and 90 acres Bittern (NAV 10 pounds),still a total of 28 pounds.

In 1902 the executors of James White were assessed on 160 acres Balnarring and "William Myers owner" was written in the assessment for 90 acres, Bittern. I must be blind because I could find no Myers' assessment in 1903! However Mrs Myers was rated on 90 acres Bittern in 1905 and 1906. I wanted proof that Mrs Myers had 60A, so remembering Cr Terry's campaign for proper descriptions of properties, I jumped to 1911. Mrs Myers was assessed on 90 acres,c/a 60A Bittern! The NAV was 10 pounds so James White's supposed house of 1885 must have been on the 160 acres near the Bittern station, or, if it was on 60A, in a fairly dilapidated condition. It would seem that the extant buildings on your property were built by the Myers family.

My next message speculated that the 160 acres might have actually been in the parish of Bittern, one of two blocks of roughly that size to the north / north west of 60A Bittern and granted to William Myers. Further rate research has proved that not to be the case.

THERE WAS NO HOUSE ON 60a BITTERN EVEN IN THE LAST RATE RECORD AVAILABLE ON MICROFICHE, 1919. The Myer family had occupied 60a since 1902 and in every assessment up to 1919,no house was mentioned, as had always been the case. Strangely no house was mentioned in the 1905 advertisement for the 160 acres that Mr Berryman bought many months later in mid 1906.

It as if everyone had conspired to make it impossible to identify the 160 acres, Balnarring (parish)on which James White was rated in the first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869. If it was not for Westley's 1905 advertisement and the two 1906 sales reports,the location could never have been identified. Berryman was assessed on 206 acres 18b Sub Crown allotment 26 Balnarring from 1906 to 1911 so he had to have owned James White's 160 acres (actually 154 acres, 3 roods 0 perches; 26AB, fronting the west side of Warrawee Rd)and 46 acres of 18B,immediately north, of 54 acres 3 roods and 6 perches.

What doesn't make sense is J.G.Benton was granted 26A, 26 B and 18B,the last on 15-10-1880 and issue dates for the others not stated, while James White was assessed on his 160 acres from 1869,combined with the 90 acre 60A Bittern as 250 acres from 1881. It was not until 1901, with James White's executor,Lawrence White's eldest son, John,listed as the owner of both that the composition of the 250 acres was revealed. It would then appear that James leased the 160 acres from the Crown until 1880 and then leased or bought it from Benton in 1881. A complication is that James Benton was assessed on 151 acres Balnarring NEAR PAUL VANSUYLEN until at least 1870 at the same time as James White was assessed on 160 acres.

From 1912,Louis Joshua Berryman was assessed on 26AB, now described as 155 acres (only 20 metres x 50 metres more than the exact area)and Mrs Annie Jane Berryman on 17AB and 18AB of 177 acres,north to 192 J-K1 fronting Balnarring Rd. In 1919 this remained the same (A.N. 2909 and 2910) but Louis (2911) was alsorted on lots 38-42,46, 47,part crown allotment 27,about 60 acres and buildings,Balnarring. One of the BUILDINGS was the WARRAWEE HOMESTEAD, 27AB being the triangle whose west side is indicated by Warrawee Rd.

Descriptions in 1905 advertisement and 1906 sales reports.
6th OCTOBER, 1905,
At Two O'clock,
MT. ELIZA, FRANKSTON, 1 mile Moorooduc Station; coach from Frankston, nearly EIGHT ACRES. Dairying, Orchard (prize fruits), Grazing, W.B.DWELLING, 6 Rooms, newly renovated, Stabling, Cow-shed, Barn, Tanks. A charming country residence.

BITTERN, Dromana road, *4.5 miles Station, 160 ACRES, 25 Acres cleared and grubbed, balance rung and partly picked up, Chocolate Soil, securely fenced and well watered.

BALNARRING. 308 ACRES. 1 ROOD, 34 PERCHES, " GROUVILLE," about 4 miles Bittern Station, Allotment 15,Parish of Balnarring, known as *JOURNEAUX'S.
H.B. WESTLEY, ? AUCTIONEER and sworn valuer of 63 Queen street, Melbourne; will sell as above. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 23-9-1905.)

The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Tuesday 8 May 1906 p 6 Article
... closer settlement. In addition, the executors of the late James White's estate have sold 160 acres* at ... Balnarring at £5 5/ per acre to Mr. Berriman, of Beaufort.

PROPERTY SALES. - Mr H.D.Westley, auctioneer, Melbourne,informs us that he has sold the remaining allotment in the estate of the late Mr Charles Wright, and has also just disposed of 160 acres in the estate of the late Mr James White, situated close to Bittern railway station, and also 308 acres known as "Journeaux." Balnarring.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-5-1906.)

*The Balnarring Station, now Civic Court,did not exist until the Red Hill line was opened in 1921 so the station referred to in 1905 was the Bittern station. Measurement on Melway shows that the south east corner of
26AB (Stanley/Warrawee Rd corner)is four and a half miles from the Bittern Station EXACTLY.

Rate records.


Mornington and Dromana Standard (Vic. : 1908 - 1911) Saturday 3 July 1909 p 2 Article

The Balnarring district, situated on the Southern end of the Mornington peninsula, affords proof that even
rich lands, when held in large areas,may fail to be a beneficial investment. Notwithstanding that the district is within a mile or two of the Bittern railway station, that it is not more than forty miles distant from Melbourne, that the rainfall is ample and well distributed, and that being near the sea ensures an equable and mild climate,yet it is notable that the holders of large estates in Balnarring and neighborhood have not prospered. As compared with smaller holdings of from 100 to 300 acres in area, these large properties do not make a favorable showing. Generally the fences are in disrepair, the ground is covered with fern and scrub, rabbits abound,and there is a general air of down at the heels.

The explanation of this state of affairs is easily stated. Some twenty years ago Balnarring was regarded as
good grazing country. Sheep and cattle flourished on the natural grasses, and those who had large holdings
were able to put them to profitable use. In those days there were no rabbits. About fifteen years ago this
pest made its appearance in the district, and finding the country to its liking rapidly increased in numbers.
Soon the rabbits practically took possession of the whole countryside.

They ate down and destroyed the more succulent grasses, and. with their disappearance went the utility of the
country from a grazing point of view. Then, as the rabbits kept down the more nutritious herbage, coarser
growths began to assert themselves. Bracken and shrubs continued to make headway, until to-day some thousands
of acres of fertile land in Balnarring are thus rendered temporarily valueless to either the individual or the community. Many of the large estate owners have apparently abandoned the fight, and it is the reverse of a
pleasing experience in driving along the main road from Bittern to Flinders to pass mile after mile of beautiful rich land capable of sustaining a large population, but now overgrown with fern and rubbish, practically given over to the rabbits.

Within the past five years some northern farmers have come into the district, and by bringing the plough
into use have demonstrated what the soils of the district will yield under proper treatment. Previous, however, to undertaking any tillage work they have completely wire-netted their holdings in order to keep the rabbits
out. With this immunity secured they have then cleaned up the harbor on their own land, and by ferreting and poisoning have effectually put an end to the rabbit trouble. These newer agriculturists have confined their purchases to areas of from 160 to 300 acres, the conclusions of the more experienced men being that the former
acreage is ample for one man to adequately work. The new settlers hail from the Western plains and the mallee, and all express themselves as well satisfied with the results already obtained.

A typical representative of the new settlers is found in Mr L. J. Berryman, formerly of the Western plains,
his previous home being about eight miles south of Buangor. This settler's holding is within about four miles of the Bittern railway station, and consists of less than 300 acres of average quality land. When he took
possession his first work was to wire net, and then dig out the rabbits. Next he commenced to plough up what has been previously regarded as only fit for grass. This evoked the ridicule of other settlers, and he was
warned that by turning up the sod he would destroy the grass. It was also maintained that his experiences with
cropping would be unsatisfactory, because, as it was asserted, the land was not fit for cultivation. Mr Berryman preferred to find out by actual experience, and he worked the soil on the thorough lines which his previous experience had proved successful. The results turned out exceptionally good, and having now been repeated for four years fully justify the verdict that the Balnarring soils, when properly tilled, will yield regular and remunerative crops.

Mr Berryman's experience has demonstrated that mixed farming easily pays best. Rape thrives especially well in the Balnarring district, and this year there are several hundred acres thus seeded. In every case the plants are vigorous and forward, ranging, on the occasion of the writer's visit (the first week of June), from a
foot to eighteen inches in height. In every case they were easily carrying from 10 to 12 large crossbred sheep
to the acre. The association of sheep raising with grain growing is, in Mr Berryman's experience, the most profitable use to which the land can be put.Last year on 28 acres he obtained a heavy yield of Algerian oats and wheat mixed,thick,well headed and weighty. The average was 4 tons to the acre. The same field was ploughedup again in March, after the sheep had been given a good chance at the stubble.It was again reseeded with 3 lb. of rape to the acre in April, and the resulting growth was so substantial that by the middle of May he was carrying over eight large framed crossbred sheep to the acre. At the same time another 28 acres of new,roughly cleared land was put in with rape, and, although the growth here is not so good as on the stubble, 410 large sheep were being easily carried on this 50 acres.(etc.)

In the 1890's James WHYTE and Laurence WHYTE and their famil(ies?) lived on a property at the top of a hill in Balnarring Rd south of Hunts Rd. It was called the Blue lookout and there were TWO houses on the property. On the 4th December 1899, Jim fell off a load of hay and was killed. He was helping his neighbour,MrTullis, to get in his hay. Dick Oswin,another neighbour helping had to then ride to Schnapper Point for the doctor and then on to Dromana for a policeman,only to find that the policeman had gone to Hastings.He went to Hastings the next day only to find the policeman had gone to Schnapper Point. (Jean mentioned that we take modern communication for granted!)

Larry Whyte and his wife Mary Anne (nee Bourke)had three sons,John (Jack),Patrick, James, and a daughter, Mary Ann. John and Pat,being old enough,went to the Boer War.Jim ran the property consisting of the usual sheep,cows and orchards but mostly the interest lay in horses. Jim bred horses and had a big stud stallion.He was a great horseman and went to Swan Hill and other places showing thoroughbreds for which he had many prizes.He married Elsie (Hinze CHECK, CAN'T READ MY SCRIBBLE)and had a daughter, Joan,and three younger boys. They used to delight in sitting on the corral fence rail and watch their father break in the horses. When Jim took the sheep to the market the family would follow in the jinker. The children went to Bittern West School in Hunt's Rd by pony.

In 1927,Jim was breaking in a circus pony which used to go under low branches to try and dislodge the rider. One night he did not return home and when his wife looked for him next morning she found him already dead. He was only 44 years old. (PHOTO OF ELSIE AND JIM ON THEIR HORSES.) Mrs Whyte had been expecting a baby and he was born on the day of the burial. Michael only lived for 18 months. Because Jim's two brothers were now settled in the city,the property was sold and Elsie took her family to the city too. Joan was eight years old at the time of the tragedy. In later years,she returned to nearby Hastings and with her husband Dick Bryant raised five children.

See comment 1 re Lawrence White's death notice and spelling of the surname.

middle creek, george at Tatura,warrawee, eric rundle


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago




AN OBSERVATION. It is amazing how many of the original wave of pioneers died at about the time of W.W.1 and their children at about the time of W.W.2, both in Tullamarine and miles around and on the Mornington Peninsula.

I remember how disappointed I was when I found how few headstones of the early pioneers survive and how recent were the burials actually recorded for the Dromana Cemetery. According to Gemma Wiseman's photo*, the cemetery dates from circa 1854.
(* Challenge of Dromana Cemetery - Gemma's ~~~ "Greyscale ...

Most burials on the ozgen website ( will not be on trove, thus not in my chronology. This website gives date of birth and death for each burial, such as:
BLAKELEY Eileen Alice� photo 7/27/1908 9/10/1998 Nee Watsford
BLAKELEY Ada Henrietta� photo 6/20/1913 5/17/2000
BLAKELEY William Gillott� photo 12/7/1905 2/8/1995

There is no Wikipedia entry for the cemetery and a trove search, confined to the 1850's, for DROMANA CEMETERY produced not one result. The purpose of this journal is to search trove for the burial of early pioneers such as Lawrence (Waddeson?), Watson Eaton and Abraham Griffith, Watson dying as a result of a fall from a horse and Lawrence and Abraham's carts overturning. In years to come, some detail might be recorded about those listed by ngairedith.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 18 May 1863 p 6 Article
Joseph Brooks Burrell, Robert Caldwell, and James Ford, to be the trustees of the cemetery at Dromana ;

The Farmer's Journal and Gardener's Chronicle Friday 27 November 1863 p 5 Article
William Grace* and Edward La Trobe Bateman, to be trustees of the cemetery at Dromana,the former in the room of James Ford, resigned.

*Just found an 1867 advertisement for the sale of Gracefield and the large slab of section 1 fronting the Esplanade granted to William Grace. (P. 8, Argus, 5-12-1867.)

John Mitchell 1862, Robert Quinan 1865, James McKechnie 1866, Thomas Bullock 1870, Thomas Jessell 1871, Abraham Griffith 1874, Edward Gray 1874, Lawrence Wadeson 1876, Donald James 1948.

The following was being written on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Facebook page but had already had to be split into two posts (pre 1920 and 1920+) because of limited capacity. It was also taking me ages to locate the appropriate post so I could add a new burial. By combining both posts into this journal and completing my task here I will save years.

(FSS=Frankston and Somerville Standard.)
I do not undertake to include undertakers in funeral notices!
*Known members of pioneer families will be included despite the cut off point of 1940.

1.Kerryn McLear's post.
I found another letter from my grandfather, George McLear, written during the First World War. This time, he's writing to his father, George Snr, asking him to look after his young wife, should something happen to him.
"High Seas, 20th July '15:
Dear Father,
A few lines to let you know that all is well with me and also to mention a few topics that I hadn't time to do when I was home on leave. Firstly, I want you to take special care of that young lady now in your household. Try and make things comfortable for her till I get back, and should the fortunes of war be against me and I fail to return, well then, see that she doesn't suffer in any way.
All I ask you to do, Dad, is 'your best' and I can rest assured that for my sake, you'll do that.
I can't give you any information of any sort, as all our letters are censored - At any rate I'll send my address to you as soon as I possibly can.
How did you like the photo? I sent one to you and addressed it to Mr & Mrs. so that you could share it with mother.
Well, Dad dear, I will close now - Best love & many good wishes for your future happiness & health.
George. "
You feel his worry for Salena, his young wife, who had just lost a baby girl. He's moved her in with his parents for safe-keeping. Salena had run away from home, which was near the Hawkesbury River, NSW in her mid-teens, and had met George Jun at Queenscliff, where he was stationed in the Army. They married hastily, when she was just 17, and because she didn't want to be found by her family, she falsified her age, so she didn't have to ask permission from them. George returned from the War, but never had good health again.

2. Kerryn McLear's post.
My poor Nana, Salena Mary Josephine McLear nee Redding misses out again! She is buried beside George McLear (George Basil and Keith's father). She died in 1966. Even the Cemetery Trust has forgotten her! Never recognised in life for her sacrifices, now in death she's passed over again. She received a white feather in the mail during WWII because someone in dromana didn't realise her entire family was away at the war. Her husband and elder son were in the army, and her baby, Keith, had sneaked away at 17 to join the Navy. No one was left. Her daughter had died. After the war, she was invited to the party that honoured the war wives at the RSL to wash the dishes...

3. Judy Haysom's post- See 1956. JACK RUDDUCK.


20-1-1875 JAMES HENDERSON. See mid January 1905.

On Monday week, Mr. John Crichton of Boneo, father of Messrs Alexander and
David Crichton, of Gembrook, died at the good old age of eighty. The funeral
took place on Wednesday last.
(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 28-1-1885.)
CRIGHTON. (sic) —On the 19th inst., at Glenlee, Dromana,
John Crighton, aged 80 years.(P.1, Argus, 27-1-1885.)
No mention of the Dromana cemetery above, so how did I know he was buried there? Not wanting to have to finish my edit, I googled CRICHTON, DROMANA CEMETERY and found this:
Australian Cemeteries - Victoria - Dromana Cemetery
No indication that John would be there but it was worth trying. Wow!
CRICHTON John photo 19-1-1885 80
CRICHTON Jane Wyllie photo 7-5-1885 76
CRICHTON Ethel May photo 2/17/1942 46
CRICHTON David Maynard photo 9/1/1967 72
CRICHTON Catherine� photo 1/12/1926 64
CRICHTON Gertrud� photo 7/28/1962
CRICHTON Frederick photo 8/2/1964
Glen Lee or Glenlee was on the west side of Boneo Rd between Browns Rd and Limestone Rd.It was renowned for its cheese. There was a Glenlee Dairy at Rosebud which is shown in some of the photos posted on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook page.The homestead is still standing. Maynard Crichton was one of about three men instrumental in the establishment of the Rosebud Country Club according to the club's original history, BOGIES AND BIRDIES.Alexander Crichton owned for decades John Lovie's grants south of Eastbourne (and what became Woyna, with frontages to Truemans and Browns Rd.

THE Friends of OBADIAH BRADY, Esq., are most respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late beloved only daughter, Susan Ada, to their last resting-place, the Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral is appointed to move from his residence, Mount Evergreen, Dromana, to-morrow (Tuesday 11th, at 2 o'clock punctually.
WILLIAM GEORGE APPS, undertaker, Fitzroy and Moor streets, Fitzroy, and High and Robe streets, St. Kilda.
(P.1, Argus, 10-10-1887.) SARAH ADA WAS BORN AT BROADMEADOWS IN 1868.

MOUNT EVERGREEN WAS C.A. 6 AND 6a WANNAEUE AT MELWAY 254 C1. Obadiah, born c. 1829 in Galway, married Elizabeth GGarty, born Westmeath, Ireland 1829?, in 1861. (Details supplied by a descendant living in Rosebud. More available.)

THE Friends of OBADIAH BRADY, Esq., are most respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the Dromana General Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to move from his late residence, Mount Evergreen, Dromana, To-morrow(Friday, January 13), at 2 o'clock, punctually.
WILLIAM GEORGE APPS, undertaker, Fitzroy and Moor streets, Fitzroy; High and Robe streets, St. Kilda; and 180 St. George's-road, North Fitzroy. Telephone No. 1045. (P.1, Argus, 12-1-1888.)


See my post of 5-12-2015 for details about his place of birth, his wife, his Prairie Estate near Toowoomba, a Sorrento connection and probably, his son, Jack, as well as a photo of his gravestone in the Dromana Cemetery (where no other members of the family appear to have been buried.)

1891. MRS OBADIAH BRADY (See 1887/8)nee Elizabeth Garty, died at the age of 62 (10121.)

24-5-1892. J.J.Burrell.
BURRELL - on the 22nd inst., at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Twycross, Glen Huntly road,Elsternwick, Joseph John Burrell, of Arthur's Seat, Dromana, in his 61st. year. (His sister, the widow of a Mr Clutterbuck, married John Twycross whose terrific paintings and pioneering photography can be seen at the McCrae homestead.)

BURRELL. -The friends of Mr. JOSEPH JOHN BURRELL are informed that his remains will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery on Tuesday,24th.
The funeral is appointed to move from the residence of his sister, Mrs. Twycross, Glen Huntly road, Elsternwick, To-morrow (Tuesday), at quarter to 8 a.m.,and proceed to Glen Huntly railway station, thence by the 8.35 train to Mornington. APPS Undertaker, Fitzroy and Elsternwick. (P.1, Argus, 23-5-1892.)

23-8-1892.DR. SINCLAIR.
The remains of Dr. Sinclair were interred in the Dromana Cemetery on Tuesday, 23rd inst.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-9-1892.)
Dr. Sinclair, who has been practising here for about four months, was last evening found dead in his room. At an inquest held by Mr. Nelson Rudduck, J.P., this afternoon, Dr. Theed, who made the post mortem examination, deposed to finding traces of prussic acid in deceased's stomach. The jury returned a verdict that death was caused by an overdose ot prussic acid,self administered, but there was no evidence to show the state of deceased's mind at the time.
The deceased, who was but 34 years of age, arrived in the colony about nine months ago.He has no relatives in the colony, He was addicted to intemperance, and on Saturday last was fined for drunkenness. This degradation he appears to have felt very keenly. (P.6, The Age, 23-8-1892.)


Last Saturday week Mr. Hillis, a very old resident of Red Hill, passed from time into eternity, and his body was interred in the Dromana Cemetery.A large number of people attended the funeral.
Mr. C. Roberts, of Main Creek,another old resident, joined the great majority last Tuesday week. Deceased had been ailing for months,and about a week ago got an attack of infiuenza, which terminated in death.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 19-9-1895.)
I knew the Roberts grant was in the parish of Flinders and would be in the Centre Riding. The first microfiche reader had a blown globe but luckily the other was okay.
Assessment 389 in the 21-7-1895 record was Christopher Roberts, bootmaker, Flinders 46 acres and building, Flinders. My "Vibe" had been correct. The details were the same in the 25-7-1896 rates except that Mrs Roberts was assessed and I think you can guess why. Details were unchanged till 1899-1900, so to save time, I jumped to 30-11-1912.
703. Mrs Harriet Roberts, 47 acres and buildings, c/a 1c, section A, Flinders.
704. William George Clarke Roberts, 173 acres, c/a 20A Wannaeue.
The second property was on the north side of Shands Rd, fronting the east side of Main Creek Rd with its south east corner only a drop punt from the Roberts Rd intersection so it's easy to see why "the track made by wagons carting timber from Alexander Shand's steam saw mill to Red Hill" was called Roberts Rd. (Keith Holmes.) The original property of 46 acres 3 roods and 8 perches, granted to Christopher Roberts on 21-7-1890, was at Melway 255 A-B1 bounded by Main Creek, Shands Rd and Roberts Rd on the east and south.

Hill Hillis (1817-1895) married Sarah McKeown (1822-1900) and their children were: Mary Ann (1846-1920) who married James Davey (1845-1911) in 1871; Margaret (1851-1888) who married Blooming Bob White (1849-1930) in 1877; William Hillis (1854-1924) who married Annie Ault (1858-1919) in 1878; Sarah Hillis (1857-1898) who married Joseph McIlroy (1852-1935) in 1877; Elizabeth Hillis (1859-1921) who married William McIlroy (1859-1937) in 1878; and Hadassah Hillis (1864-1927) who married Blooming Bob White in 1899, having helped Robert to care for his motherless children for the previous 11 years.
Children of each marriage and their dates of birth can be supplied if requested.
(PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA by Stephen Lynch,toolaroo on F.T.C.)
The Hillis family came from the same area of Northern Ireland as the McKeowns and were linked by marriage before they emigrated. There is much detail about the Hillis and McKeown families in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
Sarah was the sister of James McKeown, grantee of 73AB Balnarring (Melway 190, roughly G-H 5-6, fronting Arthurs Seat Rd) and from the mid 1880's, owner of Gracefield (east of Caldwell Rd, Melway H9 to the Seahaze Estate near the summit) later building the Aringa Guest House in 1892. They first settled at Belfast (Port Fairy) where Sarah Jane Hillis was born two years after her parents disembarked from the Oithona at Portland on 30-1-1855. In 1859 Elizabeth was born but three years later the firm that virtually owned Port Fairy went bust. James McKeown had settled at Red Hill in 1862 and settled on 215 acres as described above but returned to marry Catherine Townsend Hill. Hill and Sarah may have gone back to Red Hill with them.
They would have had to pay an annual rental to the Crown but they didn't have to pay rates. The Kangerong Road Board first levied rates in 1864 but it only covered the area north and west of Arthurs Seat/Red Hill Rd and west of Higgens Corner in the parishes of Kangerong, Wannaeue, Fingal and Nepean. The roads were so crook that the residents in the parishes of Bittern, Balnarring and Flinders formed the Flinders Road board whose first assessment was recorded in 1869. Ratepayers were listed geographically so the locations of those rated could easily be determined by consulting the Balnarring parish map.
"Hill Hillis was rated on 50 acres and a 2 roomed house and James McKeown on the remaining 165 acres of the land he was eventually granted, (215 acres, 73AB, Balnarring.) Later landholdings of Hill Hillis would require further rate research but I don't think I'll find anything. In fact I once thought that Hill Hillis was William Hillis with Hill being his nickname because he lived on a hill (like Hill Harry Cairns who married Mary Agnes Cain.) It is possible that Hill first settled land eventually granted to William Hillis but William is the one whose name I'm used to seeing in ratebooks.

The Kangerong parish map can be accessed online by googling KANGERONG, COUNTY OF BOURKE. Crown allotment 18B, consisting of 59 acres 3 roods 15 acres, was granted to B.Ringrose but the date of issue is not given on the map. The block was south of Four Winds(18A,granted to Henry Dunn, at the corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds) of almost the same size and to the east a much later grant (possibly closer or soldier settlement)of 22 acres obtained by S.P.Calder, who was possibly the architect who designed the 1928 Shire hall in Dromana and son of the first C.R.B. Chairman, William Calder, who was President of the Red Hill Show committee until his death; a show report stated that William's "Four Winds" could be seen from the showgrounds.
Crown allotment 18B had a 2243 link (451.219824 metre) frontage to the east side of the road from Moat's corner between a point opposite the Tumbywood Rd corner and 1879 links (377.994672 metres)south of McIlroys Rd and a point opposite the present Sheehans Rd corner. My practically illegible paper map shows that about half of the property later became two adjoining closer or soldier settlement blocks, one fronting White Hill Rd and neither adjoining Four Winds.
Today, I traced the Ringrose grant year by year and these are my findings.
All entries relate to 60 acres of land in Kangerong.
2-9-1865. 1-9-1866. 1-9-1867. Ringrose (surname only) was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong, a house being first mentioned in 1867 but probably there all the time.
5-9-1868. The given name, Brian, is recorded for the first time . The house had one room.
4-9-1869. The given name was altered with a stroke (/) to turn i into y. The house is not mentioned.
3-9-1870. There are no assessment numbers but the person to be rated is recorded as Bryan Ringrose.
2-9-1871. No Ass. No. After Bryan Ringrose's name that of William Hillas (sic) is written in inverted commas, probably indicating that William Hillis was leasing the 60 acres. William Hillis was not assessed on any other land (P.S.IN THE PARISH OF KANGERONG.)
7-9-1872. No Ringrose. No assessment numbers. William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres under H. One would assume that he had bought the land but with these rate collectors it is dangerous to assume anything.
6-9-1873. No Ass.No. Under H, William J.Hillis is crossed out and Francis Hirst is written above it. The owner's name, Ringrose, is not forgotten as it was in 1872.
5-9-1874, 2-10-1875, 15-9-1876. Under H, Francis Hirst was assessed each time with the owner being, respectively: Ringrose, Bryan Ringrose and Blank! Had it been sold this time?
14-9-1877. No listing under H (Hirst) or R (Ringrove). Look at every assessment in Centre Riding for 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose in "Owner" column. Job Sherwood was leasing the 60 acres from B.Ringrose.
Where had William gone in 1873? Most likely he had selected the 153 acres that he was leasing from the Crown in 1879, on which he'd erected a "building", 23B, section B (part of the old Arthurs Seat run), Wannaeue of 153 acres and 36 perches, granted on 10-12-1885 and directly across Main Creek Rd from 28A, of 158a..2r..7p. granted on 5-9-1878 to his brother in law, James Davey, that was later subdivided into three 58 acre farm by Bullocky Bob White, nephew of another brother in law, Blooming Bob White.William was also granted 23A of practically 60 acres (6 perches short thereof), accessed at its south west corner from Purves Rd via Wilson Rd, adjoining 23B and extending north halfway to Whites Rd.

23-9-1900. THOMAS GIBSON.
The many friends of Mr Thomas Gibson will regret to hear of his death,which occurred at his brother's residence. " Glenholm " on Thursday morning last, at the age of 62. Mr Gibson had been ailing in health for some time past, and attended the Royal Agricultural Show, where he contracted a severe cold, which turned to pneumonia and resulted in his death. Mr Gibson was born in Biggar, Scotland, in 1838, and migrated to Masterton, New Zealand, from whence he arrived here 16 years ago. Since his residence in Dromana he won the respect of all that knew him, and it can be truthfully said that he never made a single enemy.His loss to the district will be severely felt, as, being a thorough mechanic, any work requiring skill was always taken to him, and he was ever willing and ready to impart his knowledge to others.
His remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Sunday afternoon, a
large number from all parts of the district attending the funeral. Mr Buchan
officiated at the grave. In the evening the Presbyterian Church, of which he
was a member, was draped with mourning. Mr Buchan preached an impressive sermon, and made touching reference to the deceased.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-9-1900.)
Thomas was not the only brother of Walter Gibson to live in New Zealand. John Gibson, an early resident on the Survey was another. See my journal: THE GIBSON OF DROMANA WHO BECAME A KIWI. :: ...…-...

[b(8+)-3-1904.JOHN MOAT, buried at Dromana. DIED ON THE 8TH (OZGEN.) He must have been one of the Peninsula lads who went to W.A. during the 1890's, most likely to try his hand at the diggings with the knowledge he'd picked up from Bernard J. Eaton.See his mother's burial in 1908.
Family Notices
The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950) Friday 25 March 1904 p 5 Family Notices
... , Vic. Neil McMillan, in his 71st year. MOAT.— March 8. at Dromana. Vic. John Moat, aged 50. ' MEAD. ... 770 words

Mid January, 1905. (P.S. JULIA ELIZABETH HENDERSON, WIFE OF JAMES) The death occurred here on Tuesday of Mrs Henderson, a very old lady. Deceased had been ailing for a very long time, and was 82 years of age. She leaves behind a grown-up family, one of her sons living at present near Rosebud. The funeral took place at the Dromana cemetery, Mr Welling, the local Presbyterian minister, conducting the burial service.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 21-1-1905.)
From My journal THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS in the Cr George Henderson (1875-9) entry.
Was this George's father?
HENDERSON -On the 1st inst at Dromana, Victoria,
James Henderson formerly of Kirkcaldy, Scotland, aged 78 years. Home papers please copy.
(P.1, Argus, 20-1-1875.)
George's mother?
.Obituary as above (P.2, Mornington Standard, 21-1-1905.)
The son was probably Lawrence Henderson who had 105 acres, 31CD, Wannaeue in 1900.This was granted to Dromana pioneer, John Townsend, and bounded by Hove Rd, Rosebud Pde, Waterfall Gully Rd and Bayview/Old Cape Schanck Rd.
DEATH. HENDERSON. - On 17th inst., at Dromana, Juliana Elizabeth Henderson, in her 83rd year. Relict of the late James Henderson, C.E., Glasgow. (P.2, Bairnsdale Advertiser and Tambo and Omeo Chronicle, 19-1-1905.)
I wonder if Gemma Wiseman is a descendant of James Wiseman, the Red Hill pioneer. She certainly has an interest in the Dromana Cemetery.
Challenge of Dromana Cemetery - Gemma's ~~~ "Greyscale ...…/challenge-of-dromana-ceme…
This crumbling grave is right at the entrance gate of the cemetery.(PHOTO.)
William Henderson was a civil engineer from Glasgow, specialising in designing waterworks.
It was in that capacity he emigrated and became well known in Victoria for his skills.
Excerpt from ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers)
Mr. Henderson’s connection with the Colony of Victoria commenced in the year 1886, when he was engaged in making
reports and estimates for irrigation projects under the instructions
of the Royal Commission on Water-Supply. He was then
appointed executive engineer to the Victorian Water-Supply
Department, in which capacity he designed and superintended the
construction of national irrigation works in the district of
Goulburn. He was also engaged in preparing a report and
estimates for a supply of water for domestic and stock purposes
over about 17,000 square miles in the Mallee District. He retired
from the service of the Victorian Water-Supply Department in
1895, and started to practise on his own account as a hydraulic
Shortly afterwards, he was struck down with paralysis and died at the age of 44 in his brother's home near Dromana.
What I wonder is, where was his private practice? Dromana?
The Mallee district, where James mainly worked, is in the far north of Victoria.
Dromana is in the far south.
Was James Henderson's brother the only connection with Dromana?
Strange to find such a large memorial to a public figure who may not have lived in the area.
NOTE #1: The M.I.C.E. on the grave = Member of the Institute of Civil Engineers
#2 I believe that there is another "secret" entrance to the lower end of the cemetery from the now defunct Arthurs Seat chairlift.
More exploring to be done!

6-9-1905. (P.S. MRS. BENJAMIN SHAW, nee Elizabeth Vine.)
The death occurred on Monday evening, at the Kangerong boarding house, of Mrs Shaw, sen, after a brief illness, at the age of 69 years.The deceased lady had resided at Dromana for a very long time, where she carried on business as a boarding house keeper. Being of a kind and assuming disposition, she was very highly respected by all whom she came in contact with. Extreme sympathy
is felt here for the members of her family in their sad bereavement. Deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday afternoon, Mr Welling conducting the burial service. Among the floral tributes in condolence was noticed a very pretty wreath from the president, secretary,and councillors of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, her son (Mr A. V. Shaw) being one of the councillors of the above-mentioned shire.(P.5, Mornington Standard, 9-9-1905.)
Thanks to Tonkin for telling me that Benjamin Douglas Shaw married Elizabeth Vine in Victoria in 1862. That enabled me to find this marriage notice which also involved Elizabeth's sister as a bride.
SHAW-VINE.On the 16th inst., by licence at St. Paul's Church, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, Benjamin Douglas, youngest son of the late Robert Elgie Shaw, of the Grove, Hackney, London, to Elizabeth, sixth daughter of Mr. T. W. Vine, of Fitzroy, formerly of the City-road, London.
WARTON-VINE. On the 16th inst., by licence, at St Paul's Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, Henry Richard, eldest son of Mr. Demetrius Henry Warton, of London, to Isabella, youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas Walter Vine, of Fitzroy, and formerly of the City-road, London. (P.4, Argus,21-1-1862.)
MID FEBRUARY 1905. The death occurred here on Friday last of Mrs Coates, a very old and respected colonist, at the advanced age of 85 years. Had the deceased lived two days longer she would have completed her 86th year. The deceased was one of Victoria's early colonists,having resided in this State for .more than half a century. Being of a kind and unassuming disposition, she was
loved and respected by all who knew her, and she leaves behind to mourn
her loss a large and respected family,besides a number of great-grandchildren. The deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery, Mr J. Anthony, Methodist minister,conducting the burial service.(P.5, Mornington Standard, 25-2-1905.)

(17+)-1-1905. COATES (formerly Chapman, nee Berry).—On the 17th inst., at, the residence of her daughter. Mrs Nelson Rudduck, "Pianola," Dromana, Sarah Sophia
Coates, aged 86.A good Wife, Mother, Friend (P. 2, Mornington Standard, 25-2-1905.)
I couldn't resist not correcting the name of the house. It is and was PIAWOLA.

COATES Sarah Sophia� photo 19-1-1819 1/17/1905 See J J RUDDUCK

See CHAPMAN AND RUDDUCK LINKS from page 58 in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Sarah was the mother of Nelson Rudduck's wife Jane Sophia (nee Chapman)whose father was Fred Chapman. After Fred's death, his widow married again, becoming Mrs Coates.

23-10-1905. MRS JESSIE JOYES.
The demise of Mrs Joyes occurred at the Dromana police station on
Saturday night, after a brief illness, at the age of 87 years. Very deep sympathy is felt here for Constable Joyes and the two children in their sad bereavement. Deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Monday evening, Mr Rodda conducting the burial service. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-10-1905.)
The deceased, JESSIE, was obviously the wife of the constable (Charles.) Constable Joyes stayed at Dromana until at least 1913 and his daughter, Muriel, who was obviously a pupil-teacher at Dromana State School left in November, 1911 to take up a temporary position at Cowes State School.

JOYES Jessie photo 22/10/1905 37
JOYES Charles� photo 17/08/1951 86

The death occurred here recently of Mrs Cromwell, at the advanced age of 73 years. The deceased lady had been in indifferent health for some time, and was residing with her married daughter-Mrs Welling-when her demise took place. Deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Sunday week, and leaves a family of two sons and one daughter to mourn their loss. (P. , Mornington Standard, Sat., 12-5-19O6.)

Mr Welling was the Presbyterian Minister according to the mid January 1905 burial.

Mr James George,a very old resident of Rosebud, was found dead in his bed
on Tuesday by Mr E. Cairns. Deceased was 83 years of age, and has been residing in the district for upwards of 40 years. Prior to coming to Australia, he served for a number of years in the British navy. He was the recipient of an old age pension, and has been living alone in his little hut at Rosebud for a very long time. He was held in the highest esteem by those who knew him. as an honest and upright man. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 7-7-1906.)
This is the subject of my journal ROSEBUD TED FINDS JAMES GEORGE DEAD. James George was described as being a Greek by Isabel Moresby on page 15 of ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA." Old George the Greek, massive and curly headed, sat on a bench outside his doorway." The book, available for download, also has a picture of James George doing just that.
I thought that James George's hut may have been outside the boundaries of the Rosebud Fishing Village but a recent find proved that was not the case.

The death occurred at Mornington on Wednesday week last of Mr. Charles
James, a very old and respected resident of this district at the advanced age of 84 years. Deceased has been in indifferent health for some time past. and was living with his wife at Rosebud, prior to his demise.
Deceased, who hailed from England, has been a colonist for upwards of 60 years. After leaving his native land, he engaged in the merchant service,and visited different ports on the American continent. After his arrival in Victoria, he worked on a trading vessel plying between Melbourne and Geelong. and subsequently came to reside on the Peninsula, where he was esteemed as an honorable man.
The body was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Thursday last. He leaves
behind to morn their loss a respected wife, and a family of four sons and
two daughters. Mr. Welling, Presbyterian minister conducted the burial service,... (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-2-1907.)

In 1910, Charles James was assessed on 1 lot and building, Rosebud, (which was probably between the highway and Rosemore Rd) and lots 8 and 9 and building, Rosebud, previously occupied by Robert L. (James?), editor, Geelong, and rented by William Fleming (which had a frontage of 40 metres west from 858 Pt Nepean Rd, SEVEN, the hero's house.) In 1878, D. James was granted crown allotment 19A, section B Wannaeue of 105 acres 2 roods 13 perches. In 1900, Charles James was assessed on 105 acres,probably the same land, bounded by Old Main Creek Rd on the north and Barkers Rd on the west and south.(Melway 254J2.) It was most likely that the family supplied a husband for Janet White (born 1839), the mother of Robert James or Bullocky Bob White and a wife for William Hobley.
From my journal FREDERICK HOBLEY WAS etc-
Frederick's father was William Henry Hobley, who was born at Schnapper Point (Mornington) on the Mornington Peninsula,Victoria,Australia in 1857. William married Elizabeth James at Main Creek on the Peninsula on 11-6-1884.
Granny James, probably the widow of Charles, had her first ride on a train at the age of 80. (P. 15, ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA.)

Much abbreviated summary of what was lost.
The death of Mr. W. Connell took place at his residence, near Red Hill,on Saturday morning last, after a brief
illness from chronic bronchitis. Deceased, who was 59 years of age, was a brother of Mr. James Connell, of
"Tuerong," and was both well and favourably known throughout the Peninsula. He leaves behind to mourn their loss a wife and family of one son and six daughters; two of whom are married. Deep sympathy is expressed for them in their sad bereavement. Deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Monday last. Mr. Stone, Methodist Minister,conducted the burial service.

Quite a gloom was cast over the town on Tuesday last, when the sad news of the death of Mr. T. Bryan reached here. Deceased, prior to his demise, was employed on Mr. Vale's Mount Marths Estate. and on Thursday week visited Dromana and seemed in his usual health and spirits on the following Friday, and Saturday he
complained of feeling unwell, and Mr.Vale thinking he would be laid up for some time, advised his removal on
Sunday last to the hospital. The poor fellow, however, only lingered a short time after admittance, death being due to diabetes. Deceased, who was 42 years of age, and highly respected, was interred in the local cemetery on Wednesday. Mr. Bobertson, Presbyterian Minister, officiated at the grave.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 20-7-1907.)

After extensive Red Hill research for many years, I am confident that W.Connell was William Connell who could not work in 1896 because of problems with his eyes and a leg, leaving his family destitute. A.E. Bennett of Kent Orchard south of Kentucky Rd (Seven Oaks, immediately north of the former, after his marriage) wrote a letter seeking support. H.P.Davey of Forest Lodge opposite the Craig Avon Lane corner started an appeal, enthusiastically supported by the young Davey girls of Marysville near Davey Bay at Mt Eliza.

The residents of Red Hill are taking steps to relieve the wants of the family of William Connell, on whose behalf Mr A. E. Bennett made his appeal. The unfortunate man is now under treatment in Melbourne, while his
family are left almost destitute. A subscription has been opened on their behalf by Mr H. Davey, of Red Hill,
and, it is also intended to bring the matter under the notice of the shire council, and request that body to make a grant out of the public funds towards their maintenance.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-12-1896.)

Tom Bryan was the son of John Bryan, (thought to be a deserter from the British Army named Bryan Watson) who appeared in George McLear's account book in 1863, probably for his supply of timber to George who delivered it to Peter Pidoto for loading at the mouth of Sheepwash Creek. Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana identifies Hillcrest Quarry Rd as the start of Bryans Cutting with the notation "To Bryan's hut"
When Mary McLear moved onto Maryfield opposite the Drive-In site, John Bryan took over the lease of The Willow on the Survey just west of the said site. Tom Bryan would have died much earlier except for a stroke of luck.He and other boys hitched a ride home from school on George McLear's bullock dray, headed to Sheepwash Creek. A pothole caused Tom to be jolted off and the wide wheel of the dray ran right over his head, which was luckily out of harm's way in yet another pothole. Tom later cleared scrub from Walter Gibson's grass paddock on the Survey.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

25-1-1908. MRS MOAT.(Esther.)
The death of Mrs Moat which sad event took place on Thursday last, removes from our midst a very old and and highly respected resident. Deceased, who was 83 years of age, has been a colonist of over half a century,
and was well known by all who came in contact with her as a kind and homely old lady. The recent heat wave, which prostrated so many elderly people, was the chief cause of her demise. Deceased leaves behind to
mourn their loss two sons and one daughter. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Saturday last. The Rev. Mr Rodda, of Sorrento, conducted the burial service.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 1-2-1908.)

William Moat's name appeared in George McLear's account books in 1864. Before buying his land at Moats Corner, 59 acres on 13-5-1875 and 20 acres more on December 22, he worked for Professor Hearn at Heronswood erecting fences and planting pine trees*. He also engaged in roadworks and grew crops. His children were Bill, Charley, John (who died unmarried in 1904- trove), Frank and Esther. Bill, Charlie and John worked for (Bernard J.) Eaton on his gold mining enterprises.
*The wikipedia entry for Heronswood has more detail about William's work there.
The Gardens
Hearn employed William Moat to develop spacious lawns and gardens. Rare oriental and occidental trees were planted, many of which survive to this day. A cape chestnut is one of the most impressive trees today that survived from these early plantings. Moat also developed an orchard and fenced Hearn's property. He planted many pine trees, some of which are still standing.[4] The magnificent garden is listed in the Oxford Companion to Gardens as one of only four entries for the state of Victoria, along with the Melbourne Botanical Gardens, Mawallock and Ripponlea. This book, which is world wide in scope, is an encyclopedia of the art of garden design from the earliest known gardens to the present.[5]
Leonard Wilding's history of the Mornington Peninsula in 1905 tells us something else about William Moat. "The first private school - and also the first school of any kind - at Flinders was held in a wattle and daub hut close to what is now the Cemetery Reserve, and the first store-keeping business in the bounds of the present township was conducted in a hut put up by Mr.William Moat."

Whilst digging for gold at Tubba Rubba, a man named Moat found, at a depth of three feet, a silver open faced hunting lever watch and a set of gold scales and weights, which he handed over to the police. The articles are supposed to have belonged to a man named Moriarty, who was murdered in the vicinity about twenty two years ago. A man named Shannon was tried for the crime, but was acquitted.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-7-1895.)

Genealogical websites seem to have little information about William Moat of 1864 and I was resigned to guessing that the deceased of 1908 was named Esther because her only daughter was given this name.There's no need to guess now. Esther's maiden name seems to have been Peck.
Pioneer Pathway - Vicnet
Old Shire Office Dromana. Home; About ... The Pioneer Pathway is an initiative of the Dromana and District Historical Society. ... Moat William and Esther, 1864.

The death occurred here on Monday week last of Miss Mary Dyson (aged
about 17 years), eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs J. Dyson, after a very brief
illness, from paralysis of the brain.Deceased who was of a kind and gentle
disposition, was highly respected by all who knew her, and her untimely end
came as a great shock to her many friends. The body was interred in the
Dromana cemetery, the Rev, M. Rodda conducting the burial service. Deep
and heartfelt sympathy is expressed here by both old and young for Mr and Mrs Dyson in sad and sudden bereavement.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-3-1908.)

Mary seems to have been a child of John Charles Dyson and Mary Margaret Henderson.
Husband: Dyson John Charles Dyson
Children with Dyson: Mary Elizabeth Dyson
John, the father of the deceased might have been the son of the above union, named as John but known as Bunny. His siblings were Mary or Martha, Mrs Thornell of Somerville and Bill (Squeaker). However Bunny's children were listed as Myra, Beth and David on page 84 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA so it is more likely that the deceased Mary was Bunny's sister.
Tonkins' journal on Dyson marriages contains the following:
John Charles married: 1890 Mary Margaret HENDERSON.
As Mary was aged about 17 according to the obituary,and Mary or Martha, the first child of Jack would have been about 17 in 1908, it is extremely likely that Jack was John Charles Dyson and his wife was a daughter of Cr.George Henderson. The Dysons who assisted Colin McLear with Dyson genealogy may have been unsure of Mary's given name because she had died so young.

GIBSON the friends of Mr WALTER GIBSON,"Glenholm," Dromana are invited to follow the remains, of his beloved wife to the Dromana cemetery. The funeral will leave his residence at 2 p.m., Wednesday, 11th. inst.

We regret to have to record the demise of Miss Elizabeth Shaw, of 'Kangerong,' Dromana, sister of ex-Cr A. V. Shaw, which sad event occurred early on Sunday morning last. The deceased, who had been ailing for some time, was present and obtained several prizes at the Dromana show, held but 10 days before. By her courteous and unassuming manner; the deceased had gained many friends, and her popularity was evinced by the large number who followed her remains to their last resting place in the local cemetery on Monday last.
The burial service was performed by Mr Bennett, missionary in charge of
the Presbyterian Church, of which deceased was a member, and the funeral arrangements were in the hands of Mr J. R. Summerland, of Mornington. A memorial service is to be held in Dromana Presbyterian church on Sunday evening next.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 30-3-1912.)

A very old and respected resident (Mr James Purves, senr.) passed away at his residence (Green Hills) on Friday last. His remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Saturday. The funeral was attended by a large number of friends. Much sympathy is expressed for his family in their bereavement.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 15-11-1913.)

James was born on 29-9-1835 to Peter Purves (the real pioneer of Tootgarook) and Barbara (nee Scott) in Pilgrim St, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England. When Barbara died a month later, Peter, a mason, left the baby with an aunt and headed off to Van Dieman's Land to join his architect brother James, and use their combined skill in bridge building. When young James reached the age of eighteen ,wanting to meet his father, he sailed out on the Thomas Lowry, arriving in 1852. It was unlikely that his Uncle James was at Tootgarook when he arrived there, but being in Melbourne most of the time, the architect/ businessman might have met his nephew at the dock.
When Peter applied for a licence for the Tootgarook Hotel in 1857, young James probably helped him to run the tap room on the pre-emptive right (near the present Leonard St WHICH WAS RECENTLY DEMOLISHED) and accompanied Peter in 1859, when he and James Ford were getting signatures for their dodgy petition against a fence being built from White Cliff to the back beach (to stop the Purves and Ford bullocks from munching grass reserved for police horses.) In 1860, Peter died and James Purves took over the management of Tootgarook; Peter's son, not his uncle who is the only member of the Purves family ever mentioned in regard to Tootgarook! On 16-6-1862 he married Emily Quinan, daughter of Robert Quinan (the Dromana schoolteacher who committed suicide) and the couple settled in the humble homestead, Broomielaw, at Tootgarook, which had probably been built by George Smith in the 1840's and was then called Wooloowoolooboolook. (I SUCCEEDED ONCE.)
When Professor Hearn of Heronswood died, his estate was put up for sale. James may have already been leasing Greenhills on Purves Rd, and he bought this farm. Hec Hanson's mother, Frances, was born at Tootgarook in 1883 and the last child was born at Dromana in 1885 so James and Emily were on Greenhills by then. Emily died on 4-8-1910. (MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN.)

17-7-1915. ALEXANDER ROSS.
ROSS.-The Friends of the late Mr. ALEXANDER ROSS are respectfully informed that his remains will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery on Saturday, 17th, at 2.30 p.m.

ROSS.-On the 15th July, at his residence, "Kinross," Rosebud, Alexander John, the beloved husband of E. E. (Nellie) Ross, loving father of Alick, Norman, and Hector, youngest son of the late David and Sarah Ross, French Island,and brother of David, Rowland, and Wallace. Late of Brunswick and Richmond. Late M. T.and 0 Company. Aged 46 years. (Both P.1, Argus,16-7-1915.)

In 1919, Mrs A.J.Ross was assessed on lot 66 of section B of the Clacton Estate, this estate being from the east side of First Avenue to the houses on the east side of Ninth Avenue. "Kinross" fronted Pt. Nepean Rd.The early Rosebud map,which I believe was done by one of the Fountain girls, shows that Mrs Ross and 2 (sons?) had a guest house, apparently on the east side of Fourth Avenue.

MRS. A. J. ROSS and Family desire to return sincere THANKS to their relatives and numerous friends for visits, cards, floral tributes, and expressions of sympathy during their sad bereavement in the loss of a dear husband and a loving father; especially thanking Messrs. Twyford, Greenfield, Sinclair, H. Ross, Miss Hunt, Doctors Agnew and McKeddie, Revs. Baird, Jennings, Messrs. Weber and Rankin; also the employees of the M. T.and O. Co., and Rechabite lodges of Brunswick and Dromana, for their unfailing kindness during the long illness of our dear one, also the Wilson Bros., of Dromana, for the manner in which they conducted the funeral. "Kinross," Point Nepean road,Rosebud. (P.11, Argus, 31-7-1915.)

Alexander'S wife was a Sidebottom.
SIDEBOTTOM.—On the 20th September, at her residence, 220 Lygon street, East Brunswick,Sarah Ellen, the dearly loved wife of John,loving mother of Nellie (Mrs. Ross, Rosebud),William (Western Australia), and George (Bruns-
wick), late A.I.F., only daughter of the late George and Sarah Dimmick, and sister of W.Dimmick (Northcote), aged 72 years. (P.1, Argus, 22-9-1919.)

FIELD.-On the 8th November at Melbourne,Olive Eliza, the beloved wife of F. P.Field, of Rose Vale, Condobolin, New South Wales, and the loved daughter of Mr and Mrs. W. A. Holmes,"Glen Bower," Red Hill, Dromana, aged 29 years.
Private interment on the 11th, -Dromana Cemetery.(P.55, Leader (Melb.), 17-11-1917.)

WILSON.- The Friends of the late Mr. GODFREY BURDETT WILSON are respectfully
invited to follow his remains to their last resting place, Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral is appointed to leave his residence,Heales street, Dromana, To-morrow (Friday, the 24th inst.), at 3 o'clock p.m. R. McKENZIE, Undertaker, South and Port Melbourne.

Wilson.- On the 22nd day of January, at private hospital, St. Kilda road, Godfrey Burdett, dearly loved husband of Maria Wilson, and loved father of Henry, Ben, and Sam, of Dromana,aged 65 years. Sadly missed.
(P.1, Argus, 23-1-1919.)
Godfrey died not far from the site where his father, Henry William, established an abbotoir at Sandridge soon after his arrival.
Godfrey's second given name was the maiden name of his mother Thamer(nee Burdett.)
Godfrey married Maria Stenniken and Burdett St on the Stenniken grant at Tootgarook honours Godfrey (who died a few years before the grant was offered for sale) or his mother. Streets with the names of members of the Wilson family can be found in many parts of the southern peninsula such as the former Wilson abbatoir at Blairgowrie and the Rosebud Industrial Estate. Coutts (as in Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson, Godfrey's eldest son) seems to hint at an aristocratic connection (Burdett-Coutts.) As Godfrey's Sam and Ben were said to have been involved in the subdivision of Safety Beach, they may have given Coutts St its name.
Godfrey's widow, Maria, lived out her days at Burdett Cottage in Heales St until her death in 1927. It then served as a private hospital until the Bush Nursing Hospital was built on the north west corner of Nelson Rudduck's Karadoc.

JAMIESON.-On the 17th September, at his residence, Rosebud, William, beloved husband of the late Adelaide Jamieson, and loving father of Robert, Margaret, James, Gertrude (deceased),Adelaide, and George, loved father-in-law of Evelyn, and dear grandfather of little Willie,aged 83 years.Mourned by all. (P.17, Argus,20-9-1919.)

No funeral notice was found but I have seen the gravestone, which I'm sure was standing erect in 2010.
JAMIESON William photo ?-12-1919 80
JAMIESON Adelaide photo 21-3-1893 40
JAMIESON Gertrude Emma photo 28-6-1888 7

William Jamieson bought lot 14 of the Rosebud Fishing Village on 16-8-1872 which is a fair indication that he already had a crown lease of the block under the terms of a Fisherman'a Right. Crown allotment 14 is between Jetty's Cafe (c/a 13 granted to William Gomm) and the second Mechanics' Institute (c/a 15.)

William, a bearded fisherman, enrolled William, Margaret and James when Rosebud State School opened in September, 1884 in the original Mechanics' Institute next door. William Jnr. was probably Robert. (He was!)Adelaide died two years after her father and George (who married Evelyn Couper) four years later.

JAMIESON. On the 4th July, at his residence,26 Osborne street, Williamstown, George Edward, dearly loved husband of Evelyn Jamieson,loving father of William and baby Madge, beloved son of the late William and Adelaide Jamieson, of Rosebud, loved brother of Margaret (Williamstown), Robert (N.S.W.), and James (South Africa), aged 37 years. (P.1,Argus,6-7-1923.)

COUPER.-On the 1st January, 1925, at her residence, 64 Station street. Box Hill, Nora,the dearly beloved wife of Ramsay Couper, and fondly loved mother of Sybil, Evelyn(Mrs.Jamieson*), and Guy late of Rosebud, Dromana.
(P.1, Argus,2-1-1925.) (*Wife of George Edward Jamieson of Williamstown.)

Ramsay and Nora Couper bought "The Thicket",the southern half of crown allotment 14, Wannaeue as detailed in my journal about the Hindhope Estate at Rosebud. Crown allotment 14 of 114 acres (between First Avenue and Boneo Rd from the beach road to Eastbourne Rd) was granted to Hugh Glass,a huge landholder who became insolvent. The land was subdivided into portions of 29, 29, 20,20 and 16 acres, the first two becoming Hindhope (Randall,then Rigg) and the rest Ramsay and Nora's "The Thicket" now indicated by the curving streets,such as Warranilla Avenue,between Hope St houses and Eastbourne Rd.

JAMIESON-On the 10th January, at Melbourne, Adelaide dearly loved youngest daughter of the late William and Adelaide Jamieson of Rosebud,and loved sister of Robert, Margaret, James, and George.
(P.1, Argus, 31-1-1921.)

JAMIESON.-On February 19 (suddenly),at Sydney, William Robert Jamieson (late of Rosebud), loved brother of Margaret L.(Ringwood), and loved uncle of William R. and Madge (Box Hill). (P.2,Argus,24-2-1945.)

N.B. FSS = Frankston and Somerville Standard

JAMES-The friends of the late Mrs JANET JAMES of Freda street, Oakleigh are informed that her funeral will leave the Methodist Church Dromana To-morrow (Tuesday 8th November) at 1:30 p.m., for interment in the Dromana Cemetery. Motors. (P.1, Argus, 7-11-1921.)

In ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, Isabel Moresby stated that Granny James had her first ride in a train at the age of eighty. I wonder if this took place after the death of her husband. I was not aware that she had moved away from Rosebud but this would be why her first child, Robert White, died at Rosebud in 1941, probably in her house there. In 1919, Bullocky Bob White was assessed jointly with his sons Robert George and Albert C. on two 53 acre portions of c/a 28 and 160 acres 27A* across Main Creek Rd from Whites Rd. In 1910, Mrs James had been assessed on 3 acres and buildings Rosebud and the rate collector had crossed out Charles James' name, perhaps belatedly realising that he was dead.(*Granted to Bullocky Bob White under the name of Robert James.)
JAMES Charles� photo 23/01/1907 84
JAMES Janet photo 5/11/1921 90
Janet was the fourth child of Robert White and Elizabeth Russell who married on 2-5-1829. They had seven children, born in the years stated: Jean 1830, Margaret 1832, Henry 1834, Janet 1839, Ann 1842, Booming Bob White 1849 and Elizabeth 1850. Janet would have been 82 or 83 when she died so it is likely that her first train ride had been to Oakleigh and her friends accompanied her to the Mornington station to see her off, thus passing the event into folklore.
Charles and Janet's first child born after their marriage was Elizabeth who married William Hobley.

27-7-1922. BACK ROAD BOB CAIRNS' WIFE (nee Annie Symonds) OF FERN VILLA.
CAIRNS.- On the 26th July, Annie Eliza, beloved wife of Robert Cairns, Fern Villa,Rosebud, and mother of David,James, George (deceased), and Godfrey, aged 74.
CAIRNS.—Friends of Mr. ROBERT CAIRNS, of Dromana, are informed that the remains of his dearly beloved wife, Annie Eliza, will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral will leave the English Church,Dromana. THIS DAY (Thursday, July 27), at 2 o'clock. (P.1, Argus, 27-7-1922.)
Back Road Bob Cairns was so-named because he owned 188 acres (crown allotments 32, 32A, 32B, 32C and part c/a 2 section B Wannaeue) near the old Cape Schanck road (now Bayview Rd.) This land is roughly indicated by the streets named after cars between Talbot St and Austin St westward to Melway 171 A2. His house was called Fern Villa but Peter Wilson misread the name in an old newspaper as Tornvilla and the error has been repeated several times in heritage studies. Much altered, the house remains in Marina Drive which is a subdivision of the remaining homestead block. The funeral notice described the family's location as Dromana because it was in today's McCrae which was called Dromana West till about 1941.
The stupidly named Cairn Rd was obviously the access to Fern Villa and makes as much sense as Edward Williams' Eastbourne homestead being in William Crescent. Back Road Bob and Godfrey were obviously in the habit of following Adams Creek (now The Avenue) to where it met Cairn Rd at the back road. This short cut and Bob's flooding of Robert Henry Adams' orchard and vineyard over the back road (called the Hobsons Flat road), between the Talbot and Austin St corners, sparked a feud which I called SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD.*
(*You will find plenty of articles about the flooding on trove if you enter HOBSONS FLAT DRAINAGE, CAIRNS, ADAMS and an article about the short cut by entering CAIRNS, ADAMS, ASSAULT, SHOVEL. (Trove isn't working at the moment.)
Extracts from my journal about Cairns land in Wannaeue and Fingal.
Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway....
(In 1876) Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family (of Westward Ho.) At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.
After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate.

25-1-1924. FREDA CLARKE OF RED HILL, aged 11.
CLARKE. - The friends of Mr GEORGE EDMUND CLARKE of Red Hill are respectfully informed that the remains of his dearly beloved and only daughter Freda will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery THIS DAY (Friday January 25) at 2 p.m.

CLARKE. –On the 23rd January, at Children's Hospital, Freda Frances Estella, dearly loved only daughter of George and Caroline Clarke,of Rondebosch, Red Hill, sister of Carl, George,Edgar, and James, aged 11 years.
(Both P.1, Argus,25-1-1924.)

I have a sneaking suspicion that I have come across the surname in my Red Hill research, but in no significant way. I have only accessed rate records up till 1919-20 and my only other sources of knowledge are parish maps, AROUND RED HILL in the Mornington Standard in 1902 and what I've been told by descendants of pioneering families. If I had to guess the location of Rondebosch, I'd go for 24A or 24B Kangerong (Melway 161, top half G9 and 161 G-H 8 and G9) granted to Charles and Andrew Fritsch. George Edmund Clarke might have married a Fritsch or Gottliebson descendant. George was still in Red Hill in 1941.

The above conjecture, based on the presumed German connection (rare in early days, except perhaps for Thiele and Cleine) seems unfounded as C.Clarke in 1942 was probably Carl, who was in RED HILL SOUTH, IN THE PARISH OF BALNARRING. Carl and Edgar were both fruitgrowers.
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 18 September 1942 p 2 Article
... (Tyabb); executive, Messrs W. G. Clarke (Tyabb),, C. Clarke (Red Hill South), A. Ratcliffe (Red Hill ..

Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Friday 24 September 1943 p 3 Article
... (Hastings), C. Clarke (Red Hill), S. Jeremiah (Hastings), A. Ratcliffe (Red Hill), J. Campbell (Hastings), C ... abb), J. Moug (Bembridge), K. Barn'ard (Bembridge), G. Shepherd (Somerville), E. Clarke (Red Hill),

MARGARET MAY, only child of Mr G. Turner, Carrum Downs,and the late Mrs Turner, to Edgar Murray, third son of Mr G. Clarke, Red Hill, and the late Mrs Clarke.(P.3, The Dandenong Journal, 24-12-1941.)

Carl was engaged to, and probably married, a LIZARD! His mother died in 1937. Was she buried at Dromana? (NOT ON NGAIRETH'S LIST- * CLARKE, Freda - 1924 CLARKE, George Edmund - 1966 * CLARKE, Edgar Murray - 1989
Edith, younger daughter of the late Mrs.Lizard, and of Mr. Frank Lizard, of 8 Moorabbin road, formerly of Werribee, to Carl, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. G. E.Clarke, of Red Hill.(P.15, Argus, 5-9-1934.)

National Trustees Company Is applying for probate of the will of Caroline Elizabeth Louise Clarke, of Red Hill South, married, who died on October 19, 1937, leaving estate sworn for probate at £2.109, consisting of realty £1,800 and personalty £309. to her husband.(P.2, Argus, 10-2-1938.)


Mrs. Martha Ellen Clydesdale, wife of Mr. James Clydesdale, of Narre Warren North, died after a lengthy
illness in a private hospital in Dandenong on Thursday. Deceased was 59 years of age, and leaves three sons
and one daughter.. One of her sons,William, was killed in action in Gallipoli. The funeral, which was by
motor, took place at the Dromana cemetery on Saturday afternoon, the arrangements being carried out by Mr.
W. J. Garnar. (P.4, The Dandenong Journal, 6-10-1927.)

James Clydesdale moved onto the Survey in about 1860 according to Colin McLear and if the map of early settlers on page 27 is accurate his home was on the north bank of Dunns Creek in the top left corner of Melway 160 G4. George and Sarah Peatey arrived on the Survey at the same time as James Clydesdale and wife Julia and lived between Dunns Creek and today's Lakeside Court. On 17-4-1864 when Julia was about to give birth to their tenth* child, Emma, James (then described as a mariner)might have been at work, but there was no need for Julia to panic; all she had to do in order to summon the midwife was open her door, face west and yell out, "Sarah."
(*Sarah Peatey's records mentioned that the five eldest children had all died.)

After many years working for George McLear(timber getting), Jonah Griffith (possibly the mariner era) and Walter Gibson(taking mail to Cape Schanck), James settled on 45 acres on the south side of Dunns Creek Rd between today's Dromana/Red Hill boundary and a line indicated by the north-south section of Gibb Rd (near Melway 161 B8.) He received the title (grant) on 7-5-1884.

This was close to the Tubbarubba diggings where two sons,James Jnr and Harry worked for gold miner, Bernard F.Eaton (brother of Watson Eaton) who found 7 ounces of gold in seven years. (P.45, THE RED HILL.) James Jnr married Charlie Dyson's daughter and lived in Pier St,Alec married Miss Cleine of Red Hill and lived on the corner of Heales and Hogkinson Sts but had no children, and it may have been Emma who became Mrs Davis of Red Hill.

A descendant indicated that the Clydesdales arrived on the Survey earlier than Colin McLear thought they had.

William James CLYDESDALE
Born 1 Nov 1817 Tradestown, Gorbals, Lanark, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location
Gender Male
Died 15 Aug 1902 Parish Of Kangerong, Victoria , Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
Buried 18 Aug 1902 Dromana Cemetery, Victoria, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
The following information on James ,Julia and their family was kindly provided by their Great Great Grandson Geoffrey Robert Doherty. Geoff has volumes of notes on most of this branch of the family, with only some of those notes added into these records.

«u»James Clydesdale is an enigma. «/u»

"James" Clydesdale came to Australia in 1849, first settling in Melbourne, then moving to Dromana, on the Mornington Peninsula a few years later. His wife's name was Julia Cahill, and possibly one of the hundreds of Irish Orphan girls brought to Australia as a result of the Irish famine. In 1902 James completed his pension application at the local Court House.In this pension application James listed his parents names, the name of the ship in which he came to Australia, the date he married Julia. James explicitly stated that his parents were William Clydesdale and Janet Muir, of Glasgow.The same is recorded in Julia's application although James actually filled out the forms.
Other documents(e.g his childrens Death Certificates etc) record his name as William James Clydesdale.

It is interesting that James Clydesdale and John Gibson both came from Lanarkshire and were both mariners. I wonder if they knew each other before they settled on the Survey. Sarah Peatey and Julia Clydesdale both did cleaning at William Dixon Scurfield hotel and tried to restore Father Nyall's reputation. (See Eaton entry.)

GRIFFITH -The Friends of the late Mr JOHN CALVIN GRIFFITH are respectfully informed that his remains will be interred In the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral will leave his residence, Dromana. THIS DAY (Tuesday, October 11, 1927), at 2 o'clock. Motor service.
GRIFFITH-On the 9th October, at his residence,Dromana, John Calvin Griffith, dearly beloved husband of Mary Griffith, and father of John,Evelyn (Mrs Shand), Florrie (Mrs Heffernan),Albert, Mary, Katie (Mrs Briggs), George, Lily,Wilfred, Charles, aged 80 years (P.1, Argus, 11-10-1927.)

See pages 9-72 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re John's parents, siblings and descendants.His wife's maiden name was not given.
John Calvin Griffith was a Shire of Flinders and Kangerong councillor 1887-1902.
In an attempt to find the maiden name of J.C.'s wife Mary, I stumbled upon his mother, Rebecca's maiden name, Hurley.
"Hi, I am still searching for any siblings to my abraham who came to Australia in 1855, born in Lancaster Co. PA. married Rebecca Hurley in Blair Co. PA. His father's name was Jonah Griffith and his mother Elizabeth Harris. They came to Australia with three children,Arthamecey, John Calvin, and Jonah. Two children did not come with them, we asumed they died, but maybe they were apprenticed out,etc."
Griffith - Public Record Office Victoria - PROV Wiki

John Calvin Griffith's children are named on P.70 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA but his wife's name was given only as Mary.Her maiden name was Mary Dowling.
The many friends of Mrs C.Tuck will regret to, learn of her death, which sad event took place at her residence, 'Mantonville,' Flinders, on Sunday morning last, after a brief illness. Deceased was the second eldest daughter of the late Mr Thos. Dowling, of Shoreham, and has three sisters living-Mrs J. Stanley (Balnarring),.Mrs J. West (Notting Hill),Mrs. J. C.Griffith (Dromana), and one brother (Mr C. Dowling.) ETC.
(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 20-8-1910.)

Mrs J C Griffith of Dromana
This person used this address when signing the Women's Suffrage petition in 1891.

The wife of John Calvin Griffith was Mary Dowling from Shoreham. She had a busy life as mother of 11 children and a prominent husband in the community. He was a local councillor and a farmer. He came from the USA with his parents. (See R GrIffith her mother in law)
Mrs R Griffith of Dromana
This person used this address when signing the Women's Suffrage petition in 1891.
Rebecca arrived in Dromana in 1855 with her husband, Abraham and their three children- Arthamecy, Jonah and John Calvin from Philadelphia, USA. They were tenants on Jamieson's Survey. She was born Rebecca Hurley and died in 1898. (See also JC Griffith her daughter in law)

The funeral of the late Mr. Justice Higgins at Dromana cemetery today was largely attended. The Federal and State Governments were represented, and there was also a large number of mourners from the Victorian Bench and Bar.(P.9, Northern Star, 16-1-1929.)
Judge Higgins owned Heronswood, where he probably wrote the Harvester Judgement that led to the basic wage. The last thing he probably did was to climb Arthurs Seat. (See P.137-8, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
The memorial for his son, killed in W.W.1,, is much grander than H.B.'s.

There are numerous biographies with or without s to end his second given name. His greatest contribution to the working was his Harvester Judgement, probably written at "Heronswood", which led to the Basic Wage.

4?-7-1930. MRS HENRY BUCHER (nee ANN WHITE.)
BUCHER.-—-On the 3rd July, 1930, at Rosebud, Ann, relict of Henry Bucher, loved mother of Harry, Rose (Mrs. Nichols), Elizabeth (Mrs. E.Cairns), Dan, Annie, Louis, Arthur, and Sam,leaving 25 grandchildren, 24 great-grandchildren, and 1 great-great-grandchild, in her 88th year. (Interred at Dromana.) (P.13, Argus, 5-7-1930.)

A huge thanks (once again) to my family tree circles colleague tonkin for the following. I just about had a heart attack when I saw that Ann was born in Stirtlingshire (instead of Clackmannanshire) until I saw her parents' names. Another big thanks to Stephen Lynch of N.S.W. (toolaroo of family tree circles) for his PENINSULA PIONEERS.
I'd actually found Arthur's wife's death in 1943 first and I was trying to find her maiden name when I found his mother's death notice. Peter Wilson wrote that, like the Cairns family, Ann was from "Clackmannon".I'll reproduce all of tonkin's journal about the Buchers here.

BUCHER Arthur married Ann WHITE 1866
Journal by tonkin
Groom: Arthur Henry BUCHER.
Birth place given as USA.
Bride: Ann WHITE.
Birth place given as Stirlingshire.
Year married: 1866.
Place: Victoria, Australia.
Arthur died 1889 in Dromana, Victoria.
Death recorded as Henry Arthur BUCHER.
Age: 50 years.
Parents named as Arthur BUCHER and Ann HOOPER.
Ann died 1930 in Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 90 years.
Parents named as Robert WHITE and Elizabeth RUSSELL.
Nine children located Victorian records for Arthur and Ann.
Arthur was always recorded as Henry and never by his first name of Arthur.
Born: circa 1865 Dromana, Victoria. (Birth not located)
Died: 1942 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 77 years.
Married: Jean HAMILTON.
Year: 1895.
Place: Victoria.
Jean's birth place given as Scotland.
Jean died 1920 in Prahran, Victoria.
Age: 60 years.
Parents named as John HAMILTON and Mary MOFFATT.
Rose Ann BUCHER.
Born: 1867 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1944 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 76 years.
Married: James NICHOLS.
Year: 1884.
Place: Victoria.
James birth place given as Jersey.
Elizabeth BUCHER.
Born: 1870 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1965 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 95 years.
Married: Edward CAIRNS.
Year: 1893.
Place: Victoria.
Edward's birth place given as Boneo.
See Post: CAIRNS Edward married Elizabeth BUCHER 1893.
Daniel Robert BUCHER.
Born: 1872 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1956 Yarraville, Victoria.
Age: 83 years.
Death recorded under BEECHER.
Married: Eva May OCKENDEN.
Year: 1902.
Place: Victoria.
Eva died 1957 in Parkdale, Victoria.
Age: 78 years.
Parents named as Palmer OCKENDEN and Mary Ann SWINY.
Birth note.
Eva was born 1878 in Brighton, Victoria.
Parents named as Palmer OCKENDEN and Mary Ann C SWINEY.
Born: 1875 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: -
Louis Thomas William BUCHER.
Born: 1878 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1948 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 71 years.
Married: Una Malvina SMITH.
Year: -
Place: -
Una died 1957 in Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 78 years.
Parents named as William SMITH and Margaret ROBERTSON.
Arthur Ernest BUCHER.
Born: 1880 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1941 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 60 years.
Married: Sarah PATTERSON.
Year: 1903.
Place: Victoria.
Sarah died 1943 in Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 67 years.
Parents: William PATTERSON and Christina CAIRNS.
Birth note.
Sarah was born 1875 in Tootgarook, Victoria.
Parents named as William PETTERSON and Christina CAIRNS.
Samuel BUCHER.
Born: 1883 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1884 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 01 year.
Samuel James BUCHER.
Born: 1885 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1935 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 50 years.
Ann White who married Henry Bucher in 1866 was born in Stirlingshire? Perhaps Peter Wilson was wrong in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD!
But then I saw this:
Ann died 1930 in Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 90 years.
Parents named as Robert WHITE and Elizabeth RUSSELL.

Page 46 PENINSULA PIONEERS by Stephen Lynch (toolaroo.) Henry White, born in 1779, free from the bonds of servitude that enslaved previous generations, he moved from CLACKMANNAN to nearby MENSTRIE where he married Margaret CAIRNS on 10-12-1803. Their only child, Robert was born on 31-8-1804 in Menstrie.

On 2-5-1829, Robert married ELIZABETH RUSSELL. Together they had seven children, but Elizabeth* died shortly after the last, Elizabeth* (1850-1850) was born. In 1859, Robert and his three youngest surviving children, Janet (b.1839), ANN (b.1842), and Robert (Blooming Bob White, b.1849) sailed out on the John Linn, arriving in Melbourne on 25-6-1859.
Therefore Henry Bucher married ANN WHITE, sister of Blooming Bob and Janet (mother of Robert James a.k.a. Bullocky Bob White) when she was about 27.
*In 1850, Janet would have been about 11 and Ann about 8. How the death of their mother and baby sister must have become etched in their memories! Janet's son, Robert, was born before she married Charles James but their first legitimate child was named Elizabeth and married William Hobley. I wouldn't mind betting that Ann had the tragic event of 1850 in mind when she named her third child.
In view of the mother of Robert White (b.1804) being Margaret (nee CAIRNS) it is likely that he went straight to Little Scotland on the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds or MENSTRIE MAINS on the north west corner. There would be no record to confirm this because the first assessment of the Kangerong Road Board (recording the Robert White was renting a hut from Cairns Bros.) did not take place until 1864.

After ensuring that Janet was well looked after, her marriage taking place in that year, he may have tired of lime burning and decided to try his hand at fishing*, settling on a foreshore block 20 metres west of the present access road and car park near the Rosebud jetty, crown allotment 11, Rosebud Fishing Village. He purchased his block, which had a frontage of only 18 metres (most of the blocks being a chain or 20 metres wide) on 30-6-1873. (* It is possible that the block was held on a fisherman's licence by somebody else such as Patrick Tolmut Wee Wee, who drowned in 1869. Most fishermen obtained their grants in August 1872.)

Peter Wilson stated that Henry Bucher had settled on the foreshore in 1863. Janet was probably at the James selection by then and Ann was probably with her father in the hut rented from the Cairns brothers and helping to look after the bairns such as the one who complained to hawker Charles Graves and his young companion, George McLear, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." So how could Henry and Ann have met? Two possibilities spring to mind. Henry may have been fishing; if so Ann may have accompanied her father to the foreshore to load limestone onto a limecraft near Boneo Rd. Or perhaps Henry earned a bit of cash by working for the Crichtons on Glenlee or the Barkers on their Boniyong pre-emptive right, both just over Browns Rd from Menstrie Mains and Little Scotland respectively.

By 1873 or earlier, Robert White (b. 1804) was living on the foreshore only 6.75 chains (135 metres) from his daughter, Ann and his son in law, Henry. Crown allotment 18 Wannaeue, over the beach road from Robert's foreshore block, between today's Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd was sold by the grantee Warren to speculator Blakley not long before 7-9-1872 and the following two years Blakely seems to have leased it to John Twycross, grantee of the fishing village block between Robert White's and the Jetty access, who married widow Clutterbuck, a Burrell girl.
Blakley died and his trustees put c/a 18 up for sale. Robert White was well aware that the 2 acre block, lot 86 on the FJ's corner had been sold previously and bought the remaining 150 acres. The assessment of 27-7-1878 shows that Robert White Junior (Blooming Bob White) was now the owner and occupant of c/a 18 but also that the net annual value had increased from 10 pounds to 15 pounds. His father still owned c/a 11 of the fishing village and there had been no need for a homestead on the farm because they only needed to walk across the road to reach it.
However on 26-7-1877, Blooming Bob had married Margaret Hillis and they needed their own home and it is almost certain that the core of Wahgunyah at 19 Mitchell St was built at this time. It sits on a very steep rise, a knoll, and that is the only possible explanation for the name of the place where the father of Mrs Janet James, Mrs Henry Bucher and Blooming Bob White died on 25-4-1881, "Menstry Hill, Rosebud."

One more thing. Ann White was born in Stirling. How far is that from Clackmannan?
Stirling, Stance 10 Bus Station on Goosecroft Road Depart: T 17:35
Manor Powis, opp Manor Cottages on Alloa Road T 17:44
Tullibody, at Stirling Road Turning Circle on Stirling Road T 17:47
Tullibody, after Knowefaulds Road on Stirling Road T 17:47
Tullibody, at Abercromby Arms Hotel on Stirling Road T 17:48
Alloa, at Police Station on Mar Place T 17:54
Alloa, Stance 1 Shillinghill T 17:56
Clackmannan, at The Horseshoe Bar on Main Street Arrive: T 18:04

DUNHAM. The Friends of Mr. and Mrs.HENRY WILL1AM DUNHAM, of Red Hill, are informed that the remains of their
beloved son. Ronald Valentine, will be Interred In the Dromana Cemetery THIS DAY (Monday), l9th Inst., at 2 o'clock.(P.1, The Age, 19-1-1931.)

7 or 8 APRIL 1931. F. BENSON, DROMANA.
Mr. F. Benson, who had just completed the erection of a new home In Dromana, died suddenly on Monday morning. The burial took place at Dromana Cemetery.(P.10, The Age, Thursday 9-4-1931.)

BENSON - On the 6th April (suddenly), at James street, Dromana, Fairleigh, beloved husband of Florence, and fond father of George (late AIF). (Interred privately, Dromana Cemetery.) Sweet rest.(P.13, Argus, 11-4-1931.)

Thorden Richard Benson who died aged 72 and was buried at Dromana would seem to have been George's son.
BENSON, Fairleigh - 1931 ... BENSON, Thorden Richard - 1993 72

Rachel Marks Benson was born into the Marks family and married into the Benson family. She married Bernstein Jacob Benson and they gave birth to Fairleigh Benson.

Archie married Maud McKeown, the connection between the families now perpetuated by the Shaw-McKeown Reserve near Tower Rd. Their children were Maurice, Ernest, Archibald, Betty (Mrs Weir) and Jack.)
Mr. A. V. Shaw, who was widely known throughout the Mornington Peninsula,died yesterday at his residence, "Kangerong," Dromana at the age of 53 years. He was a justice of the peace, and was for many years a member of Flinders and Kangerong shire council. The funeral will take place at Dromana Cemetery this afternoon.
(P.9, The Age, 26-10-1932.)

The death of Mrs Frances Holden,probably the Peninsula's only centenarian, occurred at her residence at Dromana on Monday. Had she lived until October, Mrs Holden would have reached the age of 102 years. With her husband, she settled in Dromana 82 years ago and had lived there ever since. She came from Sussex, England, when a young girl. In her younger days she took an active part in movements for the advancement of the district. A good
horsewoman, she used to join parties that went out hunting kangaroos.
Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery where the remains were interred beside those of her husband (James) who died about 60 years ago. The burial service was read by the Rev. A. F. Falconer. (P.1, FSS, 25-8-1934.)


10-1-1935. NELSON RUDDUCK.
RUDDUCK.—The Friends of the late Mr.
NELSON RUDDUCK are respectfully Invited
to follow his remains to the place of Interment,
the Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral is appointed to leave the Methodist
Church, Dromana, To-morrow (Thursday, January 10), at 3 p.m.

RUDDUCK.—On the 8th January, at Dro-
mana, Nelson, husband of the late Jane
Sophia, father of Jane (Mrs. W. Cadle),
Samuel, Fred, Henry, Edith (Mrs. Lemmon),
Ernest, Bridget (Mrs. Allen), Jack (late
King's Own), Ruby (Mrs. S. Wilson), aged 85 years.
(Both P.1, Argus, 9-1-1935.)

15-1-1935. JOSEPH McILROY.
McILROY.-The Friends of the late Mr. JOSEPH McILROY are respectfully Invited to follow his remains to the place of Interment, tho Dromana Cemetery. The funeral Is appointed to leave the residence
of his son (Mr. Herbert Mcllroy). Red Hill. THIS DAY (Tuesday, January 15), at half-past 2 o'clock.
(P.1, Argus, 15-1-1935.)

The death occurred at the Bush Nursing Hospital,- Dromana, of Mr. Joseph McIlroy, aged 83 years, on Monday, after a brief illness. Mr. McIlroy was a resident of Red Hill for 70 years. With his parents he came to Victoria from County Antrim, Ireland. Shortly after their arrival the family settled at Red Hill.

Mr. McIlroy, who was an orchardist, was held in high esteem by a large circle of friends. His wife and four sons predeceased him. He leaves three sons and one daughter. The funeral, which was largely attended,
took place on Tuesday. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery. The casket was carried by his six nephews, Messrs. H. McIlroy, A..McIlroy, K. Cleine, T. Simpson, F.Simpson and 'R. McIlroy. The burial service was read by the Rev. W:.Adams, assisted by the Rev. J. McIlroy, a nephew of the deceased.(P.4, FSS, 18-1-1935.)

In 1877, Joseph (1852-1935) married Sarah Hillis (1857-1898), fourth child of Hill Hillis and Sarah (sister of James McKeown), and their children, with birth years, were: Henry 1878, William 1879, James 1881, Thomas 1884, Mary Ann 1885, Herbert 1887, Frederick 1889 and Arthur 1891 who served in W.W.1. (Peninsula pioneers by Stephen Lynch.) His brother, William (1859-1937) married Sarah's sister, Elizabeth Hillis (1859-1921) in 1878.
Many pages of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL were based on Joseph's diary.

2-8-1935. REV. J.D. HENNESSY.
(Not on Australia Cemeteries website for Dromana.)
The Rev. J. D. Hennessy died at the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital on August 1, aged 88 years. He resided at Rosebud for about 20. years. He was the proprietor and editor of The Christian World when it was first established. He was at one time the incumbent of the Congregational Church, Burnley street, Richmond; also of the Congregational Church, Pitt street, Sydney. Of a philanthropic disposition, he was renowned for his 'work in relieving the poor and needy. He retired from the ministry about 20 years ago. He leaves one son, Mr. G. Hennessy. Another. son was killed in the Great War. His wife died about five years ago. The funeral, which was private, took place on Friday, the remains being interred in the Dromana cemetery. The burial
service was read by the. Rev. W.Adams.(P.1, FSS, 9-8-1935.)

3-7-1935. Mr. R. B. SPENCER
The death occurrred on Monday at the Dromana \Bush Nursing Hospital of Mr. Robert Beauchamp Spencer,aged 61 years. Mr. Spencer, who resided at Main Ridge, served in the Great War in which three of his sons, Robert, Arthur and . Reginald also served. All returned safely to Australia. Mr. Spencer leaves a widow, five sons and two daughters. Burial took place in the Dromana Cemetery on Tuesday. The Rev. W. Adams held a service at the home and also read the burial service. The arrangements for the funeral were carried out by Mr. Hector Gamble, of Frankston. The casket was carried by Messrs. Walter, Arthur and Theodore Spencer (sons), A. and W. Spencer (brothers), Thomas and Edwin (stepsons) and A. Lane (brother-in-law).The pall-bearers were Messrs. Walter Noble, Arthur Hosking, Frank Lane,Arthur Knight, Roy Knight, J. Brown and R. Spencer. (P.4, FSS, 26-7-1935.)

3642 SPENCER, Robert Beauchamp Bundoora, Victoria 3rd Pioneer Battalion, Reinforcement 8
Robert Beauchamp SPENCER
Regimental number 3642
Religion Church of England
Occupation Driver
Address Bundoora, Victoria
Marital status Married
Age at embarkation 43
Next of kin Wife, Mrs Alice Spencer, Bundoora, Victoria
Enlistment date 15 August 1917
Rank on enlistment Private
Unit name 3rd Pioneer Battalion, Reinforcement 8
AWM Embarkation Roll number 14/15/3
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A71 Nestor on 21 November 1917
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board RMS Ormonde on 2 March 1918
Rank from Nominal Roll Private
Unit from Nominal Roll 3rd Pioneer Battalion
Fate Returned to Australia 24 December 1918.

2-8-1935. REV. J.D. HENNESSY.
(Not on Australia Cemeteries website for Dromana.)
The Rev. J. D. Hennessy died at the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital on August 1, aged 88 years. He resided at Rosebud for about 20. years. He was the proprietor and editor of The Christian World when it was first established. He was at one time the incumbent of the Congregational Church, Burnley street, Richmond; also of the Congregational Church, Pitt street, Sydney. Of a philanthropic disposition, he was renowned for his 'work in relieving the poor and needy. He retired from the ministry about 20 years ago. He leaves one son, Mr. G. Hennessy. Another. son was killed in the Great War. His wife died about five years ago. The funeral, which was private, took place on Friday, the remains being interred in the Dromana cemetery. The burial
service was read by the. Rev. W.Adams.(P.1, FSS, 9-8-1935.)

N.B. I have been told by descendants that the above spelling of the surname is the correct one.
The death occurred on Friday of Mr. Joseph William Hazeldine, aged 82 years, at his residence, Dromana. Mr. Hazeldine settled in the Dromana district 48 years ago and was a State school teacher at Rosebud for nine years. He was a teacher in the service of the Education Department for 28 years. Until his death he was registrar of births and deaths at Dromana. The funeral took place on Saturday. Requiem mass was celebrated by the Rev. Father O'Sullivan, who also read the burial service. Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery. The casket was carried by his six sons. The pall-bearers were Cr Wilson, Messrs. A. W. Farrell, L.Carrigg, J. Matthews, A. Cooper, B.Wilson, J. Moraes, and G. Brown. The funeral was conducted by Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston. Mr. Hazeldine leaves six sons and four daughters. (P.1, FSS, 30-8-1935.)

A son of the deceased, who had the same name, married Lizzie, daughter of Michael Cain. Their grandson, John Hazledine tells the story in:
'White Cliffs' - Rye Historical Society - Weebly…/july-august-september_201…...
JOSEPH'S WIFE DIED IN 1916. No funeral notice found.
HAZELDINE (sic). On the 13th November, at her residence,"'Corio," Dromana, Mary M., the dearly beloved wife of Joseph W. Hazledine, and loving mother of Mrs. Hurrey (New Zealand), Joe, Mrs. Fleming, Bert,Norman, Reg, Queenie, Lewis, Mary and Jack: aged 58 years. R.I. P.
Immaculate heart of Mary,
Your prayers for her extol.
Oh, Sacred Heart of Jesus,
Have mercy on her soul.
(P.5,Tribune, Melbourne, 23-11-1916.)
See pages 55-66 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA for extensive Rudduck information.

Mr. William Townsend died at his residence, Weir street, Rye, on (?)day. Born at Rosebud*, he lived (?) for about 42 years. He lived about 20 years in Western Australia**. He leaves a widow to mourn (?) Burial took place on Monday (at?) Dromana Cemetery. The casket was carried by Messrs. F. Townsend, ? Matthew (Matthews?), W. Sanderson, C. Myers, R. Myers, C. Myers Junior, and ? Hardwood. The pall-bearers were Messrs. H. Hudson, B. Wilson, (Alex?) Webster. and R. Dimmick.(Rev.?) F. G. Hughes read the burial....(P.4, FSS, 7-2-1936.)

* C/A 31D, 31C and 30B straddling the west end of Waterfall Gully Rd, granted to John Townsend. See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re the family and :JOHN TOWNSEND, DROMANA, VIC., AUST. : FIRST TO USE MOUTH TO MOUTH ...…...
** A large number of young men from the Peninsula went to gold-rich W.A. during the 1890's depression to find employment.

16-7-1936. MRS. P. M. GAMBLE.
Mrs Harriet Louisa Gamble, wife of Mr Peter Martin Gamble, died at her residence, Red Hill, on July 14.She had lived in the district for 20 years. Burial took place on July 16, in the Dromana cemetery. The casket was carried by Messrs. K. Cleine, J. Erskine, E.Russell, R. Thustain, E.Bowring and R. Edwards, senr. The Rev. W. Adams read the burial service.(P.4,FSS, 24-7-1936.)

GAMBLE (nee Brear);— On the 14th July, at Red Hill South, Harriet Louisa, dearly beloved wife of Peter Martin, loving sister of Hester Alice (Mrs. Holland) and William (deceased), aged 60 years.(P.1, The Age,15-7-1936.)

The Brears were residents of Trentham as was Mrs Gamble before moving to Red Hill. Her parents had died so the move could have been so she could be near her sister.

HOLLAND Samuel Mackie J.P. 1922-7
See WETTENHALL entry. Samuel, Shire President in 1926-7, was unable to attend the Wettenhall farewell, apparently due to illness.

In 1919, Samuel M.Holland of Red Hill was assessed on 20 acres and buildings, 74H Balnarring. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres and buildings, part 13B, Kangerong.

Peninsula Motor Ambulance Service PUBLIC APPEAL. The motor ambulance, which was presented to the Mornington Peninsula on October 9, has already done good service. There has been one case from Frankston and two from Mornington for conveyance to Melbourne hospitals. Messrs. Taylor & Ritchie, of Mornington, have offered to garage the ambulance car free of cost for the present, but later on, owing to the holiday season they will be unable to do so. The committee is thus compelled to build a garage. A generous offer has been made by Cr. P. McArthur, president of the Mornington Shire, to allow the erection of a temporary garage on his property in the main street, adjoining the residence of Mr. J. E. Birch, the motor driver. The cost for the materials would be about 20. Some kind friends have volunteered to give half a day's work, free of charge, and it is hoped others will offer similar service. The work will be undertaken on a Saturday afternoon very soon. The committee also appeals to the public of Mornington Peninsula to help financially as soon as possible, as there are only a few more weeks to find provision for the wagon. Donations will be thankfully received by the committee and acknowledged through the press. The following are authorised to receive donations:--Mr. A.C. Allingham (president), Rosebud; Cr. J. Jack, Bittern; Cr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill; Cr. G. A. May, Frankston; Mr. C. Gray, Frankston; Cr. H.E.Edwards (treasurer), Mornington; Mr.J. L. Bleri (secre tary), Mornington. (P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 13-11-1925.)

At the meeting of the Executive Council yesterday new justices of the peace were appointed as follows:-Central Bailiwick- Mr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill. Midland Bailiwick.-Mr. M. R. Wilson, Campbells
Forest. (P.8, Argus, 11-1-1924.)

HOLLAND. - On January 17, at Hastings, Hester Alice, widow of the late Samuel Mackie Holland, loving mother of Elsie (Mrs. Henderson deceased), Sydney, and Jack. (P.2, Argus, 19-1-1948.) In view of the above, and the fact that John E.Holland of "Lynden" welcomed his only daughter into the world in August 1923, I presume that Sam was the father of John E.Holland. Neither Sam nor John were children of Thomas Holland.

Notice is hereby given (blah blah) PROBATE of the WILL dated the 18th day of March 1939 First Codicil thereto dated the 13th day of March 1941 and Second Codicil thereto dated the 8th day of July 1941 of SAMUEL MACKIE HOLLAND late of Red Hill In the said State retired orchardst deceased may be granted to Hester Alice Holland of Red Hill in the said State widow of the said deceased and Leonard Robert Newnham Utber of 285 Collins street Melbourne In the said State, solicitor, the executors named in and appointed by the said will.
Dated this twenty eighth dav of July 1941 H.W. HUNT & UTBER 285 Collins Street,Melbourne, proctors for the applicants. (P.4, Argus, 29-7-1941.)

Mrs Sarah Ann Griffith died at her residence, Dromana, on July 22, aged 86 years. She was a citizen of Dromana for 58 years. She leaves two sons and three daughters. The funeral took place on Friday, the remains being interred in the Dromana cemetery. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. H. Griffith J. Griffith, T.Roberts and I. Cairns. The Rev. F.G. Hughes officiated at the grave. (P.4, FSS, 31-7-1936.)

Sarah Ann was a daughter of Isaac Sawyer and Sarah* (daughter of Henry Prosser.) When Isaac died, Sarah married Amos Renouf who was a colleague of Henry Prosser, but he died too so she was living with Jonah and Sarah Ann when she died. Jonah was a builder, farmer and fisherman.
For information about Sarah's mother and siblings, see my journal:
(*The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Friday 21 July 1916 p 1 RENOUF.— On the 15th July,at her daughter's residence, Dromana. Sarah, relict of the late Amos Renouf, of . Frankston. in her 95th )

For information about Jonah and Sarah Ann's children see page 69 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
For Location of Jonah's house and where he built and moored his boat, "Doris", buy a copy of Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana pre 1918.

22-10-1936. MRS. G. DYSON.
Mrs. Mary Dyson, wife of Mr George Dyson, died suddenly at her residence, Pier street, Dromana,on October 20, aged 67 years She was an old resident of Dromana and was held in high esteem by a wide circle of friends. She leaves a husband and one son. The funeral took place on October 22, in the Dromana Cemetery. There was a large gathering of mourners at the grave and many beautiful floral tributes were received. The Rev. F.G. Hughes held a service at the home and also officiated at the grave. The casket was carried by Messrs. E.Farrell, H. T. Hosking, C. Young and W. Dyson. The pall-bearers. were Cr.Rudduck, Messrs. A. Farrell, J. Dyson, B. Wilson, W. Lardner, A. Gregory, J. Young and J. Matthews. (P.4, FSS, 30-10-1936.)

(Mary's death notices reveal that her only child, George Robert Dyson Jnr., was known as Bob, that she was living in Pier St (which probably included Jetty Rd until the freeway was built) and that Spencer Jackson had become a good friend of Mary.

DYSON.— On the 20th October (suddenly), at her residence, in Pier-street, Dromana, Mary,dearly beloved wife of George Robert Dyson, loving mother of Bob, fond grandmother of Mary, aged 67 years.
DYSON.— An appreciative tribute to the memory of Mrs. Mary Dyson, of Pier-street. Dromana, beloved wife of George Dyson, who died at her residence (suddenly)on the 20th October.
P.1, The Age, 22-10-1936, as for the funeral notice.

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA has heaps of information about the Dysons but not Mary's maiden name. Could it have been Singleton? George would seem to have died in 1944.Genealogy websites give George Robert Dyson (Junior) as their only child, which seems to be confirmed by the 28-7-1944 death notice.

George (Robert) Dyson Snr. was the first child of Charlie Dyson (in the area by 1964) and a daughter of John Singleton(in the area by 1864) according to Colin McLear on P. 84 of A.D.O.D.) Then followed Jack, Martha Ellen and the future Mrs John Townsend. The Dyson/Townsend connection was reinforced when George Robert Dyson Snr. married Mary Singleton in 1892. (George Robert married: 1892 Mary SINGLETON.) It is possible** that his younger brother Jack married a relative of James and George Meldrum Henderson (John Charles married: 1890* Mary Margaret HENDERSON.)Both of these marriages were listed in tonkin's journal DYSON marriages 1889-1904 Victoria Australia.
(*18-3-1090 by Rev. Duff,at the Henderson residence, according to the marriage notice. **It is CERTAIN that this was the younger brother of George Robert Dyson Snr. -DYSON.—On December 13, Mary Margaret,wife of the late John Charles (Dromana),and loved mother of Bunny, Babe (Mrs.Thornell, Somerville), and Bill. P.2, Argus,14-14-1945.)

The claim that Charlie Dyson married a Singleton girl is not confirmed by tonkin's earlier marriage list.
(John married: 1859 Mary SINGLETON and the only Charles listed being Charles Frederick married: 1869 Emma Ellen HARNETT.) As George Robert Dyson died in 1944 aged 79 and was therefore born in about 1864, his father may have been JOHN Dyson who married Mary Singleton. It is also possible that tonkin or his source missed the marriage of Charles Dyson and a Singleton girl.

My present belief is that the the father of G.R. Snr. and J.C.was JOHN DYSON who married Mary Singleton in 1859 and that George Robert and Charles were the names of his brothers. Charles seems to have been running the Gardiner hotel in 1858 and living in Dromana in about 1900 (1897, 1902) but there are no family notices for him (unless horrible digitisation is hiding them.)

10-12-1936. ARTHUR JOHN McKEOWN.
Mr. Arthur John McKeown died at his residence, Dromana, on December 9. He was born at Red Hill. The funeral took place on December 10 in the Dromana cemetery. The Rev. L. Coulthard held a service at the home
and also officiated at the grave. .The casket was carried by Cr. E.. Rudduck, Messrs. M. Shaw (nephew), D.Bryan, J. McLear and H. Hosking. (P.4, FSS, 18-12-1936.)

The McKeowns settled on c/a 73 AB Balnarring with Hill Hillis who was leasing 50 of the 215 acres granted to James McKeown. In about 1885 they moved to Gracefield between Caldwell Rd and the wedge-shaped Town Common and in 1892 established the Aringa guest house.
Arthur's year of death is wrongly given as 1937 on page 87 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. This has also been found on genealogy pages so it is possible that the registration of his death was delayed.

23-1-1937. ADAM GIBSON. (See 22-8-1942, Jessie Purdie Gibson.)
GIBSON. - The Friends of the late ADAM GIBSON are informed that his remains will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral will leave from the residence of his brother (Mr. Gibson), Glenholm, Dromana, THIS
DAY (Saturday, January 23, 1937), at 3 p.m.

GIBSON - On the 22nd January at his brother's residence Glenholm Dromana Adam, the loved father of May (deceased), Jessie (Mrs Grace), Walter, William, Albert (deceased), and Ethel (Mrs Cooper).
GIBSON - On the 22nd January 1937 at his brother's residence Glenholm Dromana, Adam Gibson the loved father of May (deceased), Jessie (Mrs Grace), Walter, William, Albert (deceased) and Ethel (Mrs Cooper).
(All page 7, Argus, 23-1-1937.)

Adam married Mary Ann McLear (1849-1923).

8-5-1937. WILLIAM JOHN McILROY. (See 23-1-1937.)
McILROY -On the 6th May, at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, William John beloved husband of Elizabeth (deceased) loving father of John, William, Robert (deceased), Albert, Margaret (Mrs. Frewin), Joseph, Ernest*, Richard*, David, Sarah (Mrs. C. Prossor), Elizabeth (Mrs W. C. Crow) and Charles, aged 92 years.
McILROY.-The Friends of the late Mr. WILLIAM JOHN McILROY are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of Interment the Dromana Cemetery .The funeral is appointed to leave the Methodist Church, Dromana, at the conclusion of a service at 3 o'clock. THIS DAY (Saturday May 8.)(P.7, Argus, 8-5-1937.)

William John (1859-1937) married Elizabeth Hillis (1859-1921) in 1878 and they had 13 children. Omitted in the death notice was Elizabeth b.1894 between Ernest and Richard. who must have died very young. Sarah Hillis (1857-1898) married William's brother, Joseph (1852-1935.) THIS INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE IN ONLY ONE PLACE AND IF YOU WOULD LIKE ACCESS TO IT, ASK AT YOUR MORNINGTON PENINSULA LIBRARY WHY ACQUISITION OFFICER, ROBIN ARCHER DIDN'T EVEN REPLY TO MY OFFER TO DONATE A COPY OF STEPHEN LYNCH'S "PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA" IF THE LIBRARY BOUGHT A COPY.

2-7-1937. MR. A. W. TOMLINS.
The death occurred on July 1 at his residence, Main Ridge, of Mr A.W. Tomlins, aged 35 years. Mr. Tomlins and his wife came to Australia from England about 12 years ago and settled at Main Ridge. He leaves a widow and four young children to mourn their loss. The funeral took place in the Dromana Cemetery on July 2. A service was conducted at the home by the Rev.F. G. Hughes, who also officiated at the grave. The casket was carried by Messrs. A. Pond, E. Trewin, E.White, J. Maxwell. C. Waldon and J.Dewart. The pall-bearers were Messrs. J. Berkley, J. Holmes, C. White*, L. Archibald, L. Ridge, R. G. White,R. Burston and D. Campbell.(
P.4, FSS, 9-7-1937.)
*This was Chris White, not Colin White who played for the Main Ridge Cricket Club for generations and was the only cricketer to play on all three of the grounds used by the club. (Jill Phillips' History Corner in HILL 'N' RIDGE.)

4-8-1937. MRS. M. CAIRNS.
The death occurred on August 2 of Mrs. Margaret Cairns, widow of the late Mr. Harry Cairns at the residence- of-her son-in-law, Mr. C. A. White, of Main Ridge. She was aged 76 years. Burial took place in the Dromana Cemetery on August 4. The Rev. A. H.'Mitchell held a service at the home and also officiated at the grave. The casket was carried by Messrs. L. Tuck, J. Tuck, G. White, D. Campbell, C. Berkley and J. Berkley. The pall-bearers were Messrs. N.Hopcraft, S. White, W. Miller. R.Munro, H. Rudduck and A.Cairns.
(P.2, FSS, 13-8-1937.)

I can state with fair certainty that Harry was "Carrier Harry" (1861-?) who married Margaret Haddow.(CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) According to the late Ray Cairns, Carrier Harry lived across the road from Ray's dad (Hill Harry of Maroolaba) within the angle formed at the junction of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds. This would put him on 9A, Fingal, the grant of E.Latrobe Bateman, the Governor's architect relative who designed the Barragunda homestead. Blow me down, who was granted crown allotment 9 directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd, on the east side, but A.Haddow. I don't know whether Margaret was Archie's daughter, but I rest my case Your Honour. Harry carried fish from the Cape Schanck area to the Mornington Railhead and, like Jimmy the Squid Williams who did the same from Rosebud West, passengers too. He probably passed through Main Ridge and Red Hill on the way to Moat's Corner, which would explain how his daughter would have met C.A.White when they were children. The Haddows and Hopcrafts were later prominent in the Flinders area. (See MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN by Petronella Wilson.)

25-8-1937. MR. T. B. SELF.
Mr. Thomas B. Self died at Dromana on August 24, aged 66 years.
Burial took place in the Dromana Cemetery on August 25. The Rev. L.
Coulthard read the burial service.Mr. Hector Gamble conducted the
funeral arrangements. (P. 4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 3-9-1937.)

27-9-1937. MR. W. L. CLARK.
;Mr. William L. Clark died suddenly at his residence at Rosebud on Sunday, aged 55 years. :The funeral, which was private, took place on Monday in the Dromana :Cemetery. A service was conducted at the home by the Rev. F. G. Hughes, who also officiated at the grave.(P.4, FSS, 1-10-1937.)

Mr. James William Clysdale, one of Dromana's oldest residents, died, aged 85
years. The funeral at the Dromana Cemetery was private. (P.12, Argus, 19-12-1937.)
See 29?-7-1927 for his wife's burial and Clydesdale genealogy. Married Martha Ellen/Mary? Clydesdale.

28-2-1938. MRS. A. BUCIRDE.
Mrs. Avarina Bucirde died at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Evans, of North Carlton on Sunday
February 27. She was a resident of Rosebud, and leaves a grown up family. Her husband predeceased her.
The funeral which was conducted privately took place on Monday February 28, the remains being interred in the Dromana Cemetery. Rev. A.H. Mitchell read the burial service. (P.8, FSS, 4-2-1938.)

9-11-1938. A.W.FARRELL.
Mr. A. W. Farrell, secretary of the Flinders Shire Council, collapsed and died
on the Dromana tennis courts yesterday afternoon, at the opening tournament of
the courts. Mr. Farrell was secretary of the Dromana sports ground for 12 years,
auditor of the South Peninsula Cricket Association for six years, and treasurer
of the Dromana hall committee for 20 years, and took a leading part in all
sporting and social activities In the district.
Before he was appointed shire secretary,Mr. Farrell was a successful farmer at
Balnarring*. He was aged 63 years, and leaves a wife and family. The funeral will take place to-morrow afternoon in the Dromana Cemetery.
(P.2, Argus, 8-11-1938.)

FARRELL. — On November 7 (suddenly), at Dromana, Alfred William, beloved husband of Annie, and father of Henry, Esther and Edward. (P.1, The Age, 9-11-1938.)

RED HILL.— a proposal is afoot by the Flinders shire to erect a suitable memorial to the late Mr. A. W. Farrell, who was secretary to the shire for 25 years. A sub committee, consisting of Crs, E. Rudduck (president), D.Macfarlan, Mr. .Brown (shire englneer) and Mr. H. Strickland (secretary) has been appointed to go into tho matter. (P.19, The Age, 19-4-1939.)

*Extracts from my journal RED HILL NEAR DROMANA (VIC., AUST.) POST 1940 (etc.)
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 23 August 1902 p 2 Article
About a mile from Mr Bennett's, on the road to.Bittern, is a young orchard of about eight acres, belonging to Mr Morris. This gentleman, who is manager of the Hon F. S. Grimwade's estate (Coolart-itellya), is unable to give much of his attention to working the land and otherwise looking after the young trees, and has consequently to arrange with a competent man to attend to his orchard whenever it requires it. Although at present the land needs ploughing, the trees are looking healthy and are making good growth.
In order to establish the location of the Farrell property, I have included A.E.Bennett's "Seven Oaks" between Kentucky Rd and Craig Avon Lane and "Pembroke", 13A, Balnarring, granted to Edward Jones of Spring Farm, Moorooduc, the father-in-law of Robert Morris, and located at Melway 162 C-D 10-11. The second property after that of the Farrell Bros.' was Hurley's at Melway 163 A12, so the Farrell property was on Bittern-Dromana Rd between Pembroke and Balnarring Rd.

I am having trouble fitting the correspondent's description of his route with 800 acres that Alf Downward would have previously owned but I have found some information that may relate to the Farrell brothers. Even though the first article was published in W.A., H.Farrell seemed to be a Victorian.
Bunbury Herald (WA : 1892 - 1919) Wednesday 23 August 1893 p 3 Article
The Farrells would seem to have bought their property in 1895 and didn't take long to start contributing to the Balnarring community.
The annual meeting of the Balnarring Cricket Club was held at "Wanawee (sic)*" last week, when the secretary reported that there was 10s in hand from the previous year, while the proceeds of the dances held during the winter amounted to 6 10s, the club thus commencing the season with 8 in hand. The number of matches played last year were 22; 11 were won, 5 lost, and 6 drawn, The following office bearers were appointed ;-President, Mr J. Davies ; captain, Mr D. Buckley; secretary, W. Oswin ; general and match committee, Buckley, Kerr, Davies, Farrell and Oswin. (P.2,Mornington Standard,10-9-1896.) (*Warrawee, 27AB, Balnarring,Melway 193 B-C3.)
Continuing along the Bittern road we come to a property of 800 acres, owned by Messrs Farrell Bros., who combine fruit-growing with dairying. They came to the district some six years ago and purchased their present property from Mr Downward, M.L A. They have now established, on the side of a hill, 20 acres of young trees;mostly apples and apricots. The aspect and drainage of this thriving orchard appear perfect, while it is splendidly sheltered from the prevailing winds. Ploughing and pruning operations have just been completed in this orchard and it presents a most satisfactory appearance. Mr H. Farrell has already acquired a local reputation as an authority on pruning and the trees in the orchard bear ample evidence of his skill in that direction.
This year each tree received a top dressing of artificial manure. In order to profitably employ their spare time until their orchard comes into full bearing, these gentlemen engage in dairying during the spring and summer months. They have a separator, driven by steam power, and capable of dealing with 60 gallons of milk per hour. The cream is carted to Bittern, about five miles away, and sent by rail to town. The dairy is built on the most approved lines, having double walls and roof, and is ventilated in a most ingenious manner by underground pipes, which enables them to keep their cream at a low temperature on the hottest day. The building, comprising milking-shed, stable and barn, is among the most striking features on this well-ordered farm.

BAKER.-The Friends of R. J. BAKER, of Rosebud, are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his dearly beloved wife to the Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral is appointed to leave his residence,Vashti. Rosebud, at 3 p.m. THIS DAY (Wednesday, November 23).

BAKER (nee Lear) .—On November 22, Clara,dearly beloved wife of Richard J., loving sister of Ellen Savin, late of Portland, A patient sufferer at rest. (Both P.1, The Age, 23-11-1938.)

3-3-1939. OBITUARY MR. A. WYSE
Mr. Alfred Wyse died at his residence at Dromana on March 2 and was
buried, at the. Dromana Cemetery on March 3. A widow and, one son survive him.
The burial service was rendered by the Rev. F. G. Hughes:. Mr. James
Wilson, funeral director, conducted the burial. The coffin-bearers were,
Messrs. G. E. Wilson, M. R. Wyse, S.Wilson, R. Wilson. H. Hosking and
E. Rudduck.(P.7, FSS, 10-3-1939.)

WYSE - On the 2nd March at Dromana Alfred beloved husband of Mary father of
John second son of the late John Wyse, Swan Hill, aged 70 years.(P.10, Argus, 3-3-1939.)

11-6-1939. MR. F. E. MOAT.
Mr. Francis Edward: Moat died on June 7 at the Alfred Hospital; at the age of 75. Mr. Moat, who had been in ill health for some time, was born at Dromana and lived in the district all his life. His father, the late Mr William Moat, and his mother settled in the district of Dromana in 1855. Many friends attended the funeral, which took, place on Sunday, June 11, the remains being interred in the family grave at the Dromana cemetery. Rev. F. G. Hughes read the burial service.(P.4, Standard, 16-6-1939.)

24-6-1940. MISS M. E. CHAPMAN.
Miss Mary Elizabeth Chapman died at Hamilton Russell Hospital on Sunday, June 23. Miss Chapman was born at Dromana, and lived practically all of her life in the district of Dromana. Her parents, the late George and Elizabeth Chapman, were early settlers of the Dromana district. The funeral took place on Monday; June 24th the remains being interred in the Dromana Cemetery. The pall bearers were the following: Councillor Rudduck, Mr. B. Wilson, Mr. W. Gibson, ?.H. Rudduck, Mr. B.. Griffith. The coffin bearers were: Mr. E.Chapman, Mr. J. Matthews, Mr. J. E.???er. Rev. F. Butchers read the funeraI service. Mr. Hector Gamble conducted the funeral arrangements. (P.3, Standard, 28-6-1940.)

CHAPMAN.— On June 23, at Hamilton Russell Hospital, Mary Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late George and Elisabeth Chapman, late of Arthur's Seat, Dromana.
CHAPMAN. — The Friends of the late Miss MAY (sic)ELIZABETH CHAPMAN are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the place of Interment, the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral Is appointed to leave the residence of Mr. James G. Chapman, Belmont, Main-road, Dromana, THIS DAY (Monday), June 24. at 3 o'clock.
(Both P.1, The Age,24-6-1940.)

See pages 76-77 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re Mary Ann's parents and siblings.

CHAPMAN.- The Friends of Mr. HENRY GEORGE CHAPMAN are respectfully in- formed that his remains will be interred in the Dromana Cemetery.The funeral Is appointed to leave his late residence Glenalva Pier st Dromana THIS DAY
(Wednesday June 26) at 2 o clock.

CHAPMAN-On June 24 at his residence Pier street. Dromana Henry George loved husband of Isabella, and father of Douglas, Gladys and Allen.(Both P.4, Argus, 26-6-1940.)

Isabella (1865-1947)was the 5th child of Walter and Margaret Gibson. Henry George Chapman, is pictured on page 58 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and his forge on page 59. Dromana's present football ground was virtually donated by "George" when the former home ground, the racecourse behind the Dromana Hotel became the Foreshore Estatein 1927 See the plaque on the south east corner of Pier and Gibson St marking the location of the Forge.In 1919 Henry George Chapman, (brother of Nelson Rudduck's wife, Jane Sophia, who died on May 22, 1930 aged 80) was assessed onon 101 acres, part 27A, Kangerong. To illustrate the problems posed to family historians by sloppy description of properties, even after Cr.Terry's campaign, the 101 acres on the eastern corner of the north end of Harrisons Rd, actually consisted of 27A, of 51 acres and 27C of 50 acres, both granted to George Peatey who moved onto lot 76 of Woolcott's subdivision (south corner Jetty Rd and McDowell St, Rosebud) in 1888.George was also assessed in 1919 on lots 19 and 20, part c/a 17, section B, Wannaeue; c/a 17 of 100 acres between Duells and Kinwendy Rds, was granted to his sister, Jane Sophia Rudduck, on 4-7-1888. He was also rated on 11.5 and 12 acres, part 4,section 1, Kangerong. Crown allotment 4, of 35 acres, was east of Pier St to the PRESENT east end of Gibson St, which at that time only went to Pier St. As his property straddled the extended street, it is not too hard to imagine that he named it after his wife's family and the name was also applied to the original western section of the street.

PERCIVAL.— The Friends of the late PETER PERCIVAL are invited to follow his remains to the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral will leave First-avenue. Rosebud TO-MORROW (Wednesday), August 21, at 11 a.m.

PERCIVAL. — On August 19, at Rosebud, ex-sergeant Peter Percival late of Fennlng-street,Brunswick, beloved husband of Amelia, and Father of Ruth (deceased), Edith, Thomas, Amelia, Samuel, John, Robert and May, aged 91
years. Rest after weariness. (Both P.1, The Age, 20-8-1940.)

Peter and Amelia may have been living out their days with son John B.Percival who was still a resident of Rosebud in 1950 according to P.1303 of the Sands and McDougall directory. The Percivals had been in Rosebud by the start of W.W.1. May had recited at the patriotic fund concert (P.2, Mornington Standard, 10-4-1915)and John won at the aquatic sports in 1916 in rowing.(P.2, Mornington Standard,8-1-1916.)

In 1919-20, John Percival of Rosebud was assessed on 14 acres, part crown allotment 13a, section A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 13 Wannaeue was bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and a line just east of the Chinamans Creek channel cut by Ned Williams.One of the grantees was Marks, after whom Marks Ave. was named. In about 1906, David and William Cairns bought c/a 13 from the Marks Estate; hence the naming of Cairns and Dalgleish Avenues. I wonder where John's 14 acres were. Perhaps between Pt.Nepean Rd and Johnson St at Melway 169 J2. (Nudge, nudge, wink, wink, say no more!)

15-1-1941. LOU CARRIGG.
Mr. L. Carrigg, who was well known throughout the Peninsula, died at his residence in Dromana on Tuesday. Mr. Carrigg was the proprietor of the Hotel Dromana and for several years occupied the position of president of the Dromana football club. He also represented his club at the delegates' meetings on numerous occasions. Mr Carrigg leaves a widow and a daughter. Burial took place at the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday.(P.3, Standard, 17-1-1941.)

Lou came to Dromana about two years after his wedding*. If I remember, Mrs Carrigg laid the foundation stone for the Art Deco renovation of the hotel.
A very pretty wedding was celebrated at St.Ambrose's Church, Sydney road, Brunswick, on 17th February, the contracting parties being Mr. Louis Carrigg, youngest son of Lydia Carrigg. of "Caernarvon," Tinning-street Brunswick, and Miss Nellie Dewar. only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R.Dewar. of Sydney-road, Brunswick.(P.35, Punch, 7-3-1912.)
Sheila Carrigg, mentioned on page 189 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, was their daughter.
Engagements Sheila Katherlne, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Carrigg; Dromana,to David Kitchener, second son of the late Mr. and Mrs. R.Thornton, Essendon. (P.3, The Age, 30-5-1940.)

Lou's mother-in-law, possibly a widow by this time, seems to have moved in with her daughter at the Dromana Hotel where she died on 24-10-1944. She was buried at Dromana on the 27th.

*HOTEL DROMANA. Under New Management.
Beautifully situated; bay and mountain scenery; safe bathing, boating, fishing, golf, billiards,tennis, excellent cuisine; tariff on application.
'Phone 4. L. Carrigg, proprietor. (P.12, Argus, 27-10-1914.)

Lou's mother died at the hotel in 1927 and Sheila seems to have been an only child.

Born at Borneo(sic) in the eighteen-fifties*, Mr. Robert White, of Rosebud**,died on Saturday, May 3, at the age of 86*** years. The late Mr. White, whose passing is mourned by a large circle of friends, leaves a widow, a daughter sons. The funeral took place on Monday, May 5, at Dromana Cemetery.
A service was conducted at the home of Rev. R. C. McLean, who also read the burial service. A tribute to Mr. White's useful life was paid by Cr. Greaves at the graveside. He said that the large attendance at the funeral indicated the high esteem in which deceased had been held by the people in the surrounding districts The late Mr. White had been a good churchman and a fine citizen. Many beautiful floral tributes were sent.
Six of the late Mr. White's sons bore the coffin, and the pall-bearers were:- Messrs. E. Bright, G. James,D. James, J. Hobley, Ivan White, C.White and E. White.(P.5, Standard, 9-5-1941.)

(*Before his mother arrived? **Probably a Rosebud property left to him by Charles and Janet James, his parents.***About 81 if we deduct 1860 from 1941 and if we take his age as gospel, he was born in 1855 when his mother was still in the old country.)

It is generally accepted that Bullocky Bob White was born in about 1860, his mother being Janet White (born 1839 or 1844) who travelled to Australia on the John Linn, arriving in Melbourne on 25-6-1859. His father, Charles James (Born 1831, SALISBURY WILTSHIRE ENGLAND, died 23 01 1907, MORNINGTON VIC) was buried at Dromana Cemetery on what was calculated to be 24-1-1907.

Robert White's birthplace was Boneo, not Borneo but the name was used to describe the area along today's Browns Rd between Main Ridge and Truemans Rd in early days so he could have been born on the James property at Melway 254 J1 or the Cairns brothers' Little Scotland at 170 B10, where Janet's father Robert White (1804-1881) was recorded as renting a hut from the Cairns Bros. in the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment of 1864. As the exact date of Bullocky Bob's birth is not known, Charles White may not have been his biological father; Janet may have become pregnant aboard the John Linn.

The information in Bullocky's obituary was probably the result of his desire to muddy the waters when asked any questions or perhaps on his marriage certificate when he married Hannah Roberts. (Robert Henry Adams of Rosebud did the latter re the year and place of his parents' marriage to disguise his illegitimacy.)

Charles James and JANET WHITE, (Born: 1844 (?) , MENSTRIE CLACKMANNANSHIRE SCOTLAND Married: 25 07 1864, WANNAEUE VIC (MI: 2603) Died: 1921) were not married until after Bullocky was born and their first legitimate child may have been Elizabeth (born 1865) who married William Hobley. Janet's birth year above (1844) was probably from her marriage certificate and another attempt to muddy the waters. Stephen Lynch gives her year of birth as 1839 between Henry (1834) and Ann (1842). Janet' mother, Elizabeth, died shortly after giving birth to Elizabeth (1850-1850) and this was no doubt in her mind when she named her own baby in 1865.

Robert was raised as Robert Charles but that was not what his birth certificate said.He was so incensed at being kept in the dark about the the circumstances of his birth he was said to have cut contact with his mother and changed his name to that on the birth certificate, Robert White. Janet's younger brother, Robert White (born 1849) had probably moved to the Red Hill area by this time and acquired the nickname of Blooming Bob White because he never swore at his bullocks, using this word instead. His nephew, the former Robert James (under which name he was granted 27A1, Wannaeue) was referred to as Bullocky Bob White.
(Sources:PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Stephen Lynch: charles james - Great Southern Pioneers

I'd tried in vain to find Bullocky's death notice with a WHITE ROSEBUD 1941 FAMILY NOTICES search on trove. No wonder I didn't find it. I seem to recall an assessment for "James" on c/a 19 Wannaeue, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave and this was probably where Bullocky was living when he died, and why the funeral procession left from the lighthouse. Only a year or two later his residence would have been described as being in McCrae. Family historians should take notice that the same location was likely to be described by more than one place name until about 1950, that places of birth and death may have been where the event was recorded bby a registrar or a hospital (say in Mornington or Melbourne respectively) where the mother or deceased had been admitted prior to the event because of an expected difficult birth or a serious illness/ incapacity that required expert medical care.

WHITE. —On May 3, at Dromana West, Robert, beloved husband of Mary, fond father of George, Chris, Eden, Ern, Fred, Lily (Mrs. Bright), Jack, and Will, aged 86 years. —At rest. (P.4, Argus, 5-5-1941.)

WHITE-The Friends of ROBERT WHITE late of Main Ridge are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral will leave the South Channel Lighthouse at 3 p m THIS DAY (Monday). HECTOR GAMBLE Funeral Director. (P. 4 as above.)

Miss Esther Moat, 74 years, whodied at the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, was a member of a highly
respected pioneer family, after whom Moat's Corner was named. There is now only one member of the original Moat family alive. The funeral was held at the Dromana Cemetery on Sunday, the remains being laid to rest in the family grave. Rev. C. Brown read the burial service and ....
(P.4, Standard, Frankston, 11-7-1941.)

4-4-1942. F.J.McILROY.
The death occurred at the Alfred Hospital on Thursday, April 2, of. Mr.Frederick Joseph McIlroy. He was born at Red Hill and, had lived in this district all his life. His wife, one daughter and one son survive him.
The funeral took place on Saturday,April 4. A service was held at Fenton Hall, conducted by Rev. A. O. Horn
who also read the burial service at Dromana Cemetery. There was a large and representative attendance at Fenton Hall and at the Cemetery. Mr. V.Holmes, Chief Ruler of the Rechabite Tent, read the service of the Rechabites, of which deceased was a member.
The pallbearers were: Cr. Rudduck, Messrs. R. Holmes, E.Garhham, K.Clarke, E. Trewin, J. Sheehan, and the
coffin was borne by Messrs. W. Crow, T.Crow, C.Clarke, E.Garnham and H. Watt. (P.4, Standard, 10-4-1942.)

McILROY.—On April 2, at Alfred Hospital,Frederick Joseph, dearly beloved husband of Elizabeth Mary, loving father of Gwen and Keith, loved brother of Herbert, May (Mrs Brisbane) and James, aged 52 years.
(P.2, Argus, 4-4-1942.)

GIBSON. The friends of the late Miss JESSIE PURDIE GIBSON are informed that her funeral will leave her late residence, Dromana, THIS DAY (Saturday August 22) at 2:30 p.m. for the Dromana Cemetery. (P.2, Argus, 22-8-1942.)

I originally thought that Jessie was the youngest child of Walter Gibson’s son, Adam (1854-1937) and Mary Ann (nee McLear born Plenty 6-2-1849, died 7-6-1923 at Dromana.) However, she was the second child of Walter and Margaret (nee Purdie), born in 1856, died in 1942. (A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, pages 82, 93.) It was Adam Gibson's death notice (P.7, Argus, 23-1-1937) which alerted me to the fact that Adam's daughter had become Mrs Grace.
Purdie was the maiden name of Jessie Purdie Gibson's mother, Margaret.
GIBSON—PURDIE.—(Golden Wedding)—On the 22nd November, 1849, at Kilbuchs-place, near Biggar, Scotland, by the Rev. Hamilton Paul, Walter Gibson, son of Adam Gibson, of Wiston, to Margaret Purdie, daughter of Alexander Purdie, of Peebles. (Present address, Glenholm, Dromana, Victoria.) Scotch papers please copy. (P.9, Argus, 9-12-1899.)

8-12-1942. MRS ELLEN COBURN.
COBURN.-The Funeral of the. late Mrs.ELLEN COBURN will leave her husband's residence, Springbank, Coburn avenue,
McCrae, THIS DAY (Tuesday), at 4 p m., for the Dromana Cemetery. (P.9, Argus, 8-12-1942.)

COBURN.–On December 7, at her home Springbank, McCrae (Dromana West), Ellen beloved wife of Charles Wheeler Coburn,loving mother of Samuel, Margaret, and Mary, grandmother of Charles Wheeler Coburn (R.A.A.F.), eldest daughter of the late Charles and Mary Charlesworth, late of Daylesford, and loving sister of Frances(Mrs. Jose), and Eda (Mrs. Thomas), in her 84th year.(P.2, Argus, 12-12-1942.)

CHADWICK.-The Funeral of the late THOMAS WILLIAM CHADWICK will leave his residence. Rosebud, TOMORROW (Thursday. January 14). at 11 a.m. for the Dromana Cemetery.

CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence, Rosebud. Thomas William, dearly beloved husband of Pearl, loving father of Mavis (*Mrs. H. Watt), Tom** (prisoner of war, Italy), Harry (A.I.F.), Ruby, Elaine.Mollie, and Leslie. -Loved by all.

CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence. Rosebud, Thomas William, beloved son of the late Emily and William Chadwick, brother of Ethel (deceased), Arthur,and Roy. -Rest in peace.

Cr. T. W. Chadwick
Cr. Thos. Wm, Chadwick,-Rosebud estate agent and Flinders shire councillor,- died suddenly at his home in Rosebud on Tuesday evening. He had been a resident of Rosebud for many years. He was a returned soldier
from the 1914-18 war, serving on Gallipoli. Two of his sons are with the A.I.F., and one of them was taken prisoner by the Germans in Greece. Mr.Chadwick was well-known amongst Victorian sportsmen as a gunshot, being connected with several clubs in the State; Mr.Chadwick was mainly responsible for the development of Rosebud
as a seaside resort, and it was due to his efforts that the Rosebud Hotel was erected, as well as other establishments, such as the *picture theatre there. As president of Rosebud Foreshore Trust, he and his committee gave every encouragement to campers, with the result that Rosebud was made the most popular camping ground in Victoria. Deceased is survived by a widow, four daughters and three sons. The funeral will take place at Dromana this morning.

*Ernie Watt who built the Broadway Theatre complex may have been H.Watt or his brother. A photo in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD shows the the part of the complex on the Rosebud Pde. corner was in Chadwick occupancy.(Notices P.2, Argus, 13-1-1943, obituary P.3.) Tom and Pearl's son, Harry (ex. A.I.F.)continued the family's community service until his death by drowning at Coolangatta. Death notices inserted by the Police Boys' Club and foreshore trust state that he died on the 19th. (P.14, Argus, 21-9-1956.)
See more in Harry's entry: 21-9-1956 HENRY WILLIAM CHADWICK.

CHADWICK T.W photo 1/12/1943 66
CHADWICK Pearl� photo 5/27/1973
CHADWICK Henry photo 9/19/1956 Son to Pearl (from Ozgen page.)

**TOM ALDERSON, former Rosebud cricketer, and Tom Chadwick,Rosebud footballer, are in the A.I.F. Alderson was one of Rosebud's greatest cricket enthusiasts, and did a good deal for the game. Chadwick is a son of Tom Chadwick. one of the best trap shots in the State.(Sportsmen's Honor Roll, P.43, Weekly Times, 9-11-1940.)

It has been stated that Tom arrived in Rosebud in 1918. His real estate advertisements appear first on trove in 1922 and by the end of the decade until his death he was a prolific writer of very clever letters to the editor signed later as Thos.W.Chadwick, a modern-day Sidney Smith Crispo (my hero!) His letter about the Springbank Estate being the best place to view the arrival of the American fleet was not entirely in the public interest; he was probably* selling blocks in the estate.

Sir-The best vantage point to view the arrival of the American Fleet coming through the Heads and turning to go up to Melbourne is Springbank Estate Rosebud almost opposite Rosebud Lighthouse,on the Point Nepean road from where a good track leads to the heights of Arthur's Seat. The owner of the property, Mr. C. W.Coburn has decided to throw open his property to the public on July 23.Yours,&c.,THOMAS W. Chadwick,Rosebud, July 15.
(P.11, Argus, 17-7-1925.)

Drive Your Car up Coburn avenue, Rosebud finest views Southern hemisphere Owner* at house erecting. Phone U8575.
(P.27, Argus, 29-10-1927.) (Mr.A. Brown?)

*The good track had probably become Coburn Avenue in the intervening 27 months and the advertisement seems similar to the letter, but no reference to the phone number in relation to Tom (or anyone) can be found. It is unlikely that the owner, Mr Brown, would have the phone installed in a house he was building. What is certain is that Tom wasselling land adjoining Springbank or possibly the majority of the Springbank estate.

ROSEBUD, Between Lighthouse and Rocks.Beach Frontages, high lots. Apply Chadwick,Rosebud.

Rosebud- Springbank, Arthur's Seat Estate. Apply Brown, on estate.

In 1910, Mrs C,E? Coburn had "88 acres and building Wannaeue" probably the remains of 100 acre and being "Springbank", Frank Cornell having 8 acres near Brown Rd but no Coburn was rated there in 1919 (obviously another omission unless my transcription was faulty.)
In 1919, A.Brown, of Melbourne and obviously a builder, was rated on plan 3123, 3 acres and building, lot 12, part crown allotment 1 of B, Wannaeue. (The Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right was bounded by The Avenue, the freeway south west to Banks S, an extension of that street to the right side of Melway 171 C2 and the western boundary of "Seawinds"/ the 159 C/D border to the north-south section of Latrobe Pde and Anthonys Nose. Crown allotment 1 fronted the beach road and c/a 2 was south of a line heading east south east from the top of The Avenue that also formed the northern boundary of "Seawinds". It is likely that Brown's 3 acres are now occupied by Browne St (Melway 159 A-B 10.) It is also possible that this was the site of the original "Springbank" house and that the Greens (of Green's Bush)were leasing the house from Brown.

William Henry Peatey (Rosalind Peatey's father)married Sarah Ellen Coe on 23-2-1916 with Ted Green of Main Ridge as his best man. (Pine Trees and Box Thorns, R.Peatey.) It was while the Greens were living in the original Springbank house that it burnt down "one Friday night." A map of early Rosebud, which I now believe was drawn by one of George Fountain's daughters, has the following text on a large block opposite the lighthouse and east of Mr and Mrs Burrell's mulberry farm:" GREENS. Springbank. Burnt to the ground on Friday night. Harry Cairns at 10 p.m. and my father on board drove through it."

The Greens must have been on Springbank for quite a while, the head of the family requesting help in gaining the reserve that served as the cricket and football ground on the foreshore, part of which remains as the Village Green. No wonder Ted Green was Bill Peatey's best mate.

From Mr Green, asking that about five acres of an allotment be granted to the residents of Rosebud on the south-west of the township for a recreation ground, and stating that if the request be granted they were willing to fence it in and plant with trees. To be forwarded to the Department of Lands.
Moved by Councillor Anderson, seconded by Councillor Bensilum,' That a recommendation be made to the Lands Department to reserve five acres south-west of the village of Rosebud on the bay frontage for a public recreation ground. Carried.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 2-4-1896.)

George Fountain's family would stay at The Pines for months with George returning to North Melbourne and coming back on Friday nights, sometimes with David Cairns and sometimes with-guess who and guess when!

"Harry Cairns varied this trip on a Friday as he waited for the 5 p.m. train from Melbourne to bring passengers down for the weekend, arriving at Rosebud at 10 p.m." Laura Fountain.

I've been trying to work out whether the Springbank house was burnt down before or after Tom Chadwick wrote his letter about the best place to view the fleet. I should have looked at my notes from ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA by Isabel Morseby.

"Springbank was the lovely Coburn home on the mountain built in 1894.It was destroyed by fire in 1912.
The present house on that site was built in 1927. Isabel also stated that Charles Burrell had married a Coburn girl and that Mr Coburn built many houses including "Killarney" in 1891.

The above suggests that Mr A.(Brown/Browne)had been "now erecting" the house on the site of the original "Springbank" homestead when he advertised it in 1927 (the same year specified by Isabel Morseby.)

If only Tom Chadwick had written a history of Rosebud!!! (or Broadmeadows Township or Benalla!)

It's a small world! William Chadwick was the licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel in Ardlie St, Westmeadows in the 1860's after having started as a butcher at John Pascoe Fawkner's Pascoeville. He then took over the Farmers' Arms hotel on the south west corner of Buckley and Mt Alexander Rds in Essendon for about a decade before moving to Benalla and establishing a hotel with the same name at Benalla. (Victoria and its Metropolis.)Dorothy Fullarton, former Mayor of Essendon, allowed me to borrow two histories of Benalla which gave more detail such as a photo of the Chadwick family standing by their car when they visited their boy at the army camp next to the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Maygar Barracks and Northcorp Industrial Park today.)

William Thomas CHADWICK
Regimental number 1019
Religion Church of England
Occupation Traveller
Address National Bank, Benalla, Victoria
Marital status Married
Age at embarkation 38
Next of kin Father, W.J. Chadwick, National Bank, Benalla, Victoria
Enlistment date 17 March 1915
Rank on enlistment Private
Unit name 22nd Battalion Head-Quarters Staff
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/39/1
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 10 May 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll 2nd Pioneer Battalion
Fate Returned to Australia 24 June 1916
Date of death 12 January 1943
Place of burial Dromana Cemetery.

It is likely that the above, the pioneer and servant of Rosebud (despite the given names being reversed in the service history), was the grandson of the Broadmeadows Township Essendon and Benalla pioneer who had only two children, a son, William,and a daughter. As Tom's (or Will's)death notice shows, he had more than one sibling.

CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence. Rosebud, Thomas William, beloved son of the late Emily and William Chadwick, brother of Ethel (deceased), Arthur,and Roy. -Rest in peace.

HIS PARENTS. William John Chadwick married Emilie Curran. He was apparently born in England in 1849 and came to Australia when he was 11, according to a website, which also has photos of William John above this passage:
"William John CHADWICK,
most likely have been taken at Dromana at the property called "Clifton Villa".
Sadly the property was sold and the house torn down many years ago.
It was sold to the bloke who owned the garage next door, and, a Service Station was built on the site.
He was a Bank Manager probably the National Bank, at Richmond Victoria.
Retired to Dromana, become a Real Estate Agent .

Not being on the ozgen or Ngaireth's lists for Dromana Cemetery, W.J. might have been buried at Benalla.

The death took place on Friday evening last of Mrs. Amelia Chadwick, relict of the late Mr. Wm. Chadwick, for many years the owner and licensee of the Farmers' Arms Hotel. The sad news occasioned very deep regret, and the late Mrs Chadwick was one of the most respected and beloved residents of this town. During the past six months she had been suffering from paralysis, and owing to her advanced age, 76 years, her recovery was not expected, and, as stated, the sad event occurred on Friday night at the residence of her niece, Mrs. Murray, in Benalla-street.

Mrs. Chadwick was a native of Suffolkshire, England, and she came out to this colony in 1852, and proceeded to the Broadmeadows district and the following year she was married to Mr.Wm. Chadwick, who predeceased her in
November 1902. For some time they carried on a butchering business at Broadmeadows, but this they subsequently disposed of, and took the Royal Mail(sic, *Broadmeadows Hotel)at the same place, afterward removing to
an hotel of same name (sic) at Essendon. Here they continued for some years, and in 1877 they purchased(sic?) the Farmers' Arms Hotel,at Benalla, which, in those days was doing a thriving business. Mr. Chadwick sold out
out of this hotel in August, 1901, to Mr Pearcey. Mrs. Chadwick leaves two sons, Messrs, Martin and William Chadwick for whom much sympathy has been expressed in their bereavement. The remains were interred in the Benalla Cemetery on Sunday last, and were followed to their last resting place by upwards of 30 buggies.
(P.2, Benalla Standard, 4-8-1908.)


MARTIN.—On February 16, at private hospital, Richmond, George Wilson, beloved husband of Alice Mary. (Privately interred at Dromana Cemetery on February 18.)
MARTIN.—On February 16, at a private hospital, George Wilson, beloved father of
Jean, and brother of Fredk, C. Martin.(Privately interred Dromana Cemetery on
February 18.) P.2, Argus, 19-2-1943.

BUCHER. - On June 2, at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, Sarah, wife of late Arthur Bucher, of Rosebud, loving mother of Florence, Myrtle, Arthur, Margaret, and Elsie.
BUCHER.---The Funeral of the late Mrs.ARTHUR BUCHER will leave the Presbyterian Church, Rosebud, THIS DAY (Friday), at 2 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery. (P.2, Argus, 4-6-1943.)
From tonkin's information posted under the burial of Ann Bucher (nee White) in 1930.
Arthur Ernest BUCHER.
Born: 1880 Dromana, Victoria.
Died: 1941 Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 60 years.
Married: Sarah PATTERSON.
Year: 1903.
Place: Victoria.
Sarah died 1943 in Dromana, Victoria.
Age: 67 years.
Parents: William PATTERSON and Christina CAIRNS.
Birth note.
Sarah was born 1875 in Tootgarook, Victoria.
Parents named as William PETTERSON and Christina CAIRNS.
The Patterson family is a bit of a mystery because according to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO the Pattersons just magically appeared out of nowhere in the early 1870's and settled on land in Fingal between Pattersons Rd, Fingal (Melway 253 C-H10) and the Cape Schanck turn off. However articles in Mick Dark's collection suggested that they came out with the Cairns in 1852. They tried the diggings (if I remember correctly) where the wife of the original Patterson died. They may have been the early settlers on the survey shown on the page 27 map in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Godfrey Ralph Patterson was on the survey in the early 1900's between Pattersons Lane (now Wallaces Rd) and McKenzies Junction (Melway 151 C12); had this been a return to the old stomping ground?
Special rate research to solve the mystery showed that in the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864 James Patterson was assessed on a lime station, and on 2-9-1865 he was assessed on a two roomed house in Wannaeue. (One of the aforementioned articles mentioned that the Patterson forerunner had lived on the foreshore. My notes from THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO are very skimpy but seem to indicate that this forerunner was James Patterson as does my family connections journal compiled from every local history available in 2010.-
Jan 13, 2012 - Edward Russell had a lime station in Nepean parish in 1865. ... of Robert and Mary, married William Patterson, the son of James Patterson.
There is no mystery about the numerous Patterson connections with the Cairns and Russell families because all three families lived near to each other in the district generally called Boneo. Did Arthur Bucher meet Sarah in the Boneo area? The answer would be yes if he was Arthur Ernest Bucher, Rosebud farmer who was assessed on 56 acres 30B Wannaeue in 1910. Despite the dodgy description, this would have been near Boneo.

MATTHEWS.-The Funeral of the late Mrs.SARAH SPENCER MATTHEWS is appointed to leave her residence. Bay View. Clarendon street. Dromana, TOMORROW (Friday, December 10). at 11 a.m., for Dromana Cemetery.

MATTHEWS.-On March 8, at Bush Nursing Hospital, Mornington, Sarah Spencer,beloved wife of James Matthews, aged 80 years. (P.2, Argus, 9-12-1943.)

See the burial on 26-9-1945 of James, husband of Sarah.

Obviously Sarah was aware of the origin of her given name but she could hardly insert the death notice, could she? In the early 1800's most people were illiterate and when her grandmother was born, her surname would have been written by an official who might have misheard the ending and wrote SPENCE. But if that was the correct spelling, James must have misheard Sarah when she was telling him about her ancestry. The following details come from Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND (archived at the Rosebud Library.)

In 1832, Sarah Spence (1811-1870)married Oliver Wilson (1791-1851.) Their eldest son George (1833-1905) was born in Lifford, Ireland. His sister's Jane (1834-63) and Matilda (1837-78)were born before the family emigrated but the last child, Robert (1843-94)was born in Melbourne. Upon Oliver's death, George became the man of the family and it was he who convinced his mother to lease land on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd.)

A double wedding took place at Sarah's house on the Survey in 1855. Jane married George Young and Matilda married William Johnson (who later changed his surname to Johnstone so he wouldn't be lumbered with another man's debts and is the ancestor of Christie Johnstone of Flinders whose mother was a Tuck girl.)

The last child of Jane and George Young was Sarah (1863-1943, who was brought up by William and Matilda Johnson > Johnstone, andmarried James Matthews in 1882.) They had no children.
Petronella's book had much more than genealogy and some of the extensive information can be found in my journals:
Apr 30, 2013 - Henry William Wilson started off on the Survey, as did Sarah, and it was ... Jane (1834-63), born Lifford, who married George Young (1855,see ...
More results from
Sarah Spence was born in County Tyrone,Ireland and at the age of 21, she married Oliver Wilson, a staunch Presbyterian and a shoemaker. Oliver, son of George and Martha,was born on County Donegal in 1791.His mother died in 1831 aged 80 and probably because he no longer had the responsibility of her care,he married in 1832 at the age of 40. Three children were to share the voyage to Australia: George b.1833,Jane b.1834 and Matilda b.1837.
Since 1835, there had been a bounty of 38 pounds paid for married couples under the age of 40 who went to the colony so Oliver,now 49, declared that he was 38 and that Sarah (actually 29) was 34. Having crossed the Irish Sea,they sailed from Liverpool on the Argyle,leaving on 7-11-1840 and landing at William's Town on 12-4-1841, glad to step ashore after the confined space in steerage.
Oliver continued his trade as a shoemaker and the family had a house in Flinders Lane where their fourth child,Robert, was born on 11-7-1843. Melbourne had been declared a Town in 1842 and by the birth was probably in the grip of a severe depression,but Oliver persevered and by 1847 was making a good living from his craft, with help from 14 year-old George. Oliver died on 12-1-1851 and soon rents became astronomical because of the gold rush, so 18 year-old George,now the head of the family suggested a move to cheaper housing on Jamieson's Special Survey near Arthur's Seat (the present Safety Beach, east to Bulldog Creek Rd.) This makes it likely that Sarah's family arrived on the Survey in 1851 or soon after,rather than 1855 as stated by Colin McLear and the pioneer pathway plaque. How could Jane and Matilda have married fellow Survey residents on 18-4-1855 if they had not spent some time getting to know each other?
I'm not sure in which journal I wrote about the fire in James Matthews' premises. I'll try to find the article. I am sure that I didn't supply the name and location of his residence. Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana (from memory decades after leaving in 1918) shows that the house of "Matthews, carpenter", almost certainly "Bay View" as in the death notice, was on the south west corner of Clarendon St and probably McArthur St, which turned south west where Palmerston Ave (the freeway) split in two, the other track (Towerhill Rd, because the tourist road was not built till 1929) turning south west to "Arthurs Seat & tower."

CAIRNS. - The Funeral of the late Mr.DAVID CAIRNS will leave the Presbyterian Church, Rosebud, TOMORROW (Wednes-
day, December 29), at 11 a.m., for Dromana Cemetery.

CAIRNS.-On December 27. at Melbourne,David, the dearly beloved husband of Ivy,and loved daddy of Ronald, aged 67 years.-Peace, perfect peace. (Both P.2, Argus, 28-12-1943.)

The following shows that David married Ivy M.Henderson. Ronald was only about 3 when David died, hence David was described above as his daddy, not his father. David must have been about 84 when Ronald was born unless I've made a false assumption*. Not bad for an old bloke, eh? (*It would be a great coincidence for a man named David Cairns to marry a woman named Ivy and for them to have a son named David who married a woman called Ivy.)

CAIRNS (nee lvy M Henderson) - On the 9?th March, at St. Benedict's Hospital Dromana to Mr and Mrs David Cairns Rosebud - Son (Ronald Henderson) (Both well.) (P.17, Argus, 16-3-1935.)

As David was 67 when he died in 1943, it could be assumed that he was born in 1876.
It seemed simple enough to find David's parents from my CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. but Robert and Mary (Drysdale) had two Davids (1856-1857 and 1863-1930), Alex and Janet (Dalgleish)had one (1861-1935) and David and Janet (Thompson) had one (1842-1923.)As the first son of these marriages was born, respectively, in 1848, 1850 and 1840, many of the sons would be old enough to sire a child named David in 1876.

Comments under my post about a Russell lad's accidental death at Blacks Camp Davey Cairns' property near Cape Schanck on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Facebook page.

Steve Cairns I think Robert and Mary's David owned the hospital.

ME. No, Eleanora Davey was the 6th child (1861-1935) of Alex and Janet (Dalgleish) who with his brother William (1864-1938) bought c/a 13 Wannaeue from the Marks Estate in about 1906. (I've transcribed a note stuck in the ratebook in which a solicitor informed the shire of the change of ownership, date of purchase etc. in one of my journals.) Unfortunately Eleanora is not mentioned in his death notice. CAIRNS.— David, at Rosebud, son of the late Alexander and Janet Calrns, of Boneo, aged 74. (P.11, The Age, 26-10-1935.) But the naming of Dalgleish Ave on c/a 13 is sufficient proof that he was the son of Janet, nee Dalgleish. It is obvious from the death notice that this David hadn't married. EUREKA!

ME. EUREKA, thanks Steve Cairns! If not for your previous comment, I would never have discovered the ancestry of the David Cairns who married Ivy M.(possibly Meldrum) Henderson and Ivy's parents. I was doing a Rosebud Cairns, Victoria, family notices search because I was sure that one of the sisters of Eleanora Davey had died at Eleanora. See the burial of James Henderson (Jan.1875) under his wife's (mid Jan. 1905) in the chronology.

MARRIAGE. Ivy M., second daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. James Henderson, formerly of Rupanyup (V.), to David, eldest son of Mr. Robert Cairns and the late Mrs. Cairns,of Fern Villa, Rosebud (V.). (P.11, The Australasian, 11-3-1933.)


23-2-1944MARGARET GIBSON (1860-1944) 5th child of Walter Gibson and Margaret (nee Purdie.)
GIBSON. – The Funeral of the late MARGARET GIBSON will leave Glenholm, Dromana, THIS DAY (Wednesday, February 23), at 2.30 p.m., for Dromana Cemetery.
J. WILSON, Undertaker, Mornington.

GIBSON. –On February 22, at Melbourne,Margaret Gibson, of Glenholm, Dromana,loved sister of Isobel, William, Thomas, and loved aunt of Lillian O'Shanassy, Walter and William Gibson. (Both P.2, Argus, 23-2-1944.)
Siblings not mentioned were Adam (1854-1937), Jessie (1856-1942),Teenie, Eliza and John*.(P. 82, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
The two nephews were probably children of Adam Gibson and Mary Ann (nee McLear), and Lilian's mother must have been Teenie or Eliza.
*In an attempt to find which of Margaret's sisters became Mrs O'Shanassy, I discovered John's marriage notice. John would have been named after his mariner uncle, THE GIBSON OF DROMANA WHO BECAME A KIWI.
(GIBSON. —On the 23rd November, at Haimiro, New Plymouth, New Zealand, Captain John Gibson,brother to Walter Gibson, Dromana, Victoria, aged 85 years. P.1,Argus, 24-11-1908.)

GIBSON—CLYNE.—On the 23rd inst, at the residence of the bride's parents, Fairy Bower, Lake Rowan, by the Rev. C. Thomson, John, second son of Walter Gibson, Glenholm, Dromana, to Ellie, eldest daughter of George Clyne, Fairy Bower, Lake Rowan.(P.1, Argus, 31-5-1882.)

13-5-1944. CR GEORGE HIGGENS, COUNCILLOR 1928-1944.
George was a latter equivalent of Dromana's dynamo, Spencer Jackson, but was one of a group of pioneers whose surname was rarely written properly, such as in the following funeral notice which makes me suspect that Higgins St at Safety Beach was named after George rather than Judge Higgins of Heronwood.
George lived across Arthurs Seat Rd from the Blakeleys' Ecclesfield (Consolidated School site) and the Mornington-Flinders Rd corner was known as Higgens Corner and was a pick up point for Shaw's hinterland bus run.

HIGGINS (sic). –Dromana Lodge 511. –Members of the above Lodge and the Craft in general are reminded that the Funeral of our late esteemed Bro. GEO. HIGGINS will arrive at Dromana Cemetery, at li. a.m., THIS DAY (Saturday). W. E. CRAIG. W.M. W.JAMES LARDNER, Secretary. (P.12, Argus, 13-5-1944.)

George's death notice on the same page indicates that the reason George spent so much time at Red Hill was because his daughters lived there. Mrs Wilson may have married Harold James Wilson, daughter of James Wilson and Barbara Scott (nee Purves) although she is called Mrs J.H.Wilson. The Bowrings were Red Hill residents from the time of the Village Settlement and Bowring Rd is named after them.

Cr. George Higgens
Great regret is felt throughout the peninsula at the death of Cr.George Higgens, J.P., of Red Hill, which occurred on Thursday night as the result of a motor accident on Point Nepean-road,near Mount Martha, The late
Cr. Higgens had represented the East riding of the Shire of Flinders for some years, and had been shire president on several occasions. He was a past president of Gippslnnd Shires and Boroughs Association, and at his
death was president of the Dromana and District Bush Nursing Hospital committee. He was closely connected with Presbyterian Church affairs.(P.3, The Age, 15-5-1944.)

The Standard obituary has much more detail and can be found in the HIGGENS George 1928-1944 entry in my journal THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS.

JINNETTE. –On May 2, at Alfred Hospital, Samuel, dearly loved husband of
Florrie, loved father of George, Evelynn, Len (A.I.F.), and Frank, fond father-in-law of Rex McKindley, treasured grandpa of Russell.
JINNETTE. – The Funeral of the late SAMUEL JINNETTE will move from the
Church of England, Dromana, THIS DAY, after a short service commencing at 2.30 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery. HERBERT KING & SONS. J3462.
(P.2, Argus, 3-5-1944.)

DYSON. –The Funeral of the late Mr.GEORGE R. DYSON will leave his late residence, Pier street, Dromana, THIS DAY (Friday), at 3 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery. CHAS. MORGAN, Funeral Director,Sorrento. Phone Sorrento 150. (P. 14, Argus, 28-7-1944.)
DYSON. –On July 27, at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, George Robert Dyson, of Pier street, Dromana, dearly loved husband of the late Mary Dyson, loving father of Bob, dearly loved grandfather of Mary (Mrs.Jenkins), aged 79 years.
DYSON. –On July 27, at Dromana, George Robert Dyson, a truly noble character,much-esteemed friend of Spencer Jackson.(P.2, Argus, 28-7-1944.)
George planted two orchards, one of which was subdivided as the Panoramic Estate by Spencer Jackson, and bought Sid Napper's bus line, establishing DYSON'S BUS LINE.

The death took place on October 26 of Mrs. S. Dewar, mother of Mrs. Carrigg, of Dromana Hotel. The funeral, which was private, took place on October 27, the remains being interred in the Dromana Cemetery. Rev.Father A. J. Stapleton read the burial service. (P.3, Standard, 2-11-1944.)

More in my HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA journal under DROMANA HOTEL re her maiden name, husband, Lou's marriage notice, and pubs in Melbourne.

(Barry Wright of Balnarring has written a splendid history of the property and family crammed with photos.)
It is with deepest regret we report the death of Mrs. W. Wright at her home, "Wildwood." Mrs.Wright had just returned from hospital after an operation, and it was hoped she was on the way to recovery. Her passing will be felt by her many friends, and sincerest sympathy is expressed to her husband and family.
Mrs. Walter Wright, of "Wildwood",Red Hill, who died recently,had been resident of the district for 17 years. Deceased, who was born at Poowong, South Gippsland, was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. Burchett,well-known in the Poowong district. The late Mrs. Wright is survived by a husband, son and two daughters. Her remains were interred in the Dromana Cemetery.
The service at the graveside was conducted by Mr. N. Kingston. Pallbearers were Messrs. F. H. and E.C. Burchett
and W. M. Wright (son and brothers), Mr. N. S. Muir, funeral undertaker of Mornington, had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.3, Standard, 28-3-1945.)

Mrs. M. M. Shaw passed away suddenly recently at her sister's residence. She was a well-known and loved personality, and we mourn her passing. Her funeral took place Sunday afternoon at the Dromana
Cemetery. Rev. R. T. White officiated.(P.2, Standard, 27-9-1945.)

Just as well I looked for the death notice to find what her initials stood for because the above implies a burial on the 23rd.
SHAW.—On September 15, at Dromana, Maud Mary, loved wife of the late Archibald Vine, and loving mother of Maurice, Ernest,Arch, Betty, and Jack, aged 69 years. (Interred at Dromana Cemetery, September 16.)
Martha was the eighth child of James and Catherine McKeown, born in 1876.

It was the union of Archie and Maude that led to the naming of the Shaw-McKeown Reserve at Dromana.
view report - Mornington Peninsula Shire…/7d160486-17cb.…/112507ca_rep_27.pdf
Jul 25, 2011 - SUBJECT. Proposed Naming of Reserve at 26 Atunga Terrace, Dromana –. 'Shaw McKeown Reserve': Approval to Name the Reserve and.

26-9-1945. JAMES MATTHEWS.
Mr. James Matthews passed away at Bush Nursing Hospital, Mornington, on Monday, September 24 at the age of 85 years. He was born at Dromana, and lived there all his life.His parents were early settlers of Dromana. His wife * predeceased him. The funeral was to the Dromana Cemetery. The coffin bearers were:Cr. Rudduck, Mr. J. F. Cross and Mr.A. H. Cross (nephews), Mr.J.Debney. Rev. E. 'Shackell read the burial service. (P.3, Standard, 4-10-1945.)
James might have been a son of Thomas Matthews, an early resident of Dromana and worked as a carpenter, suffering a calamity at one time.
(Ahh, the George Young journal!
The local undertaker Mr. J. Matthews who is aged 79 years was almost trapped in his workshop. His home and workshop were destroyed and tools worth £300 and six coffins were lost.(P.2, Argus, 10-1-1939.)

Information from Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND published in my journal: THE MYSTERIOUS SARAH WILSON, PIONEER NEAR ARTHURS SEAT, VIC., AUST.
George and Jane YOUNG'S children were:
1. Jane Ann (1856-1938) who in 1880 married James Connell. Their children were Anthony Edward, James Thomas, John George, William Charles, Albert Ernest, Mary Ann Eleanor, David Lewis, Charlotte Jessie and Elsie Florence.
2.George (1857-?) who married James Clout and had a son named George.
3.Mary Jane (1859-?)
4. John (1861-1947) who in 1888 married Martha Ellen Andrews.
5.* Sarah (1863-1943)who in 1882 married James Matthews.
After Jane's death, George Young married Janet White and had ten more children. (See the GEORGE YOUNG journal.)

Sarah (1863-1943), raised by Aunt Matilda, who married Dromana carpenter, James Matthews, in 1882; no issue.

26-9-1945. MATTHEWS.-The Funeral of the late Mr. JAMES MATTHEWS is appointed to leave his residence. Bayview, Dromana. TOMORROW (Wednesday, September 26). at 11 a.m., for Dromana Cemetery.
MATTHEWS. -On September 24, at hospital, Mornington, James, beloved husband of the late Sarah Matthews. (Both P.2, Argus, 25-9-1945.)
See the burial on 10-12-1843 of Sarah, wife of James.

Mr. James Matthews passed away at Bush Nursing Hospital, Mornington, on Monday, September 24 at the age of 85 years. He was born at Dromana, and lived there all his life. His parents were early settlers of Dromana. His wife predeceased him.
The funeral was to the Dromana Cemetery. The coffin bearers were:
Cr. Rudduck, Mr. J. F. Cross and Mr.A. H. Cross (nephews), Mr. F. Debney.
Rev. E. Shackell read the burial service. Messrs. Hector Gamble and Son conducted the funeral arrangements. (P.3, Standard, Frankston, 4-10-1945.)

F. Debney would have lived at "Washington" on section 7 Dromana Township just across the showgrounds (now the Bowling Club) from McArthur St so he would have been a close neighbour of the "Bay View" household.
Colin McLear mentioned a Thomas Matthews supplying wattle bark to George McLear in 1880 and that he was in the area by 1864 (P.85, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) He was possibly the father of James. As well as being a carpenter James was also supplying wattle bark and posts from Dromana Park in the early 1900's.
The fire at his workshop may have been in 1939, when his house was partly burnt.
CLARENDON STREET -Nurses rest home and homes of Messrs. Mewton, McLelsh, Jennings, G. Vaughan, Hart, Henty, Thornton,Ingram, Mrs Hinds and Sister Rogerson and stables and outbuildings of Mr Hazeldine, J.Matthews's house was partly burned.(P.2, Argus, 9-1-1939.)
AHA! If itellya says there's an article on trove and it can't be found, it's there all right.
The local undertaker Mr. J. Matthews who is aged 79 years was almost trapped
in his workshop. His home and workshop were destroyed and tools worth £300, and six coffins were lost. (P.2, Argus, 10-1-1939.)
Trove reveals that James was prominent in the Sports club which ran race meetings.

1-11-1946. MRS SARAH ANN ADAMS (nee Morgan.)
The Funeral of the late Mrs. SARAH ANN ADAMS will leave her residence. Merlvn Lodge. Dromana West. THIS DAY (Friday), at 2.30 p.m.. for the Dromana Cemetery.
ADAMS.-On October 30 (suddenly), at her residence. Merlyn Lodge, Dromana West, Sarah Ann, beloved wife of Henry Vivian,loved mother of Robert, Myrtle (Mrs. Marshall), Henry, Everest, Joyce (Mrs. Neck), sister of John, Henry (deceased), and Fredrick Morgan, late of Maryborough, Victoria,aged 71 years. —Resting peacefully. (Both P.2, Argus, 1-11-1946.)
The exact year of Captain Henry Everest Adams' arrival in Rosebud is uncertain but he was certainly its first permanent resident, perhaps in 1845. He may have had a crown lease of crown allotment 20 between Adams' Creek (The Avenue) and Parkmore Rd, and by 1864 owned c/a 19, from there to Adams Ave., which was granted to his friend, Isaac White of whom little is known except for this fact gleaned from a document in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook.
Other information from the scrapbook and Harvey was used by me to write ADAMS' CORNER, which I presented to the family. It contains maps showing the 36 acres near the old chairlift station site on the Arthurs Seat summit and near Mission St, Sorrento granted to the captain and the crown lease held by his son, Robert Henry, between his father in law's Balnarring grants near the top of Tucks Rd and his brother in law's Wannaeue grant across Mornington-Flinders Rd. Robert's wife, Mary Jane (nee Hopcraft), whom he married in 1873, was described as a Gentlewoman on the marriage certificate and could not tolerate her father in law's sea-dog ways, including offering his grandchildren a sip of the wine from the Vivyan* Vineyard (on c/a 19) which one of the Rowleys said was so strong that two glasses would have you climbing telegraph poles. Robert and Mary Jane moved into the Captain's cottage circa 1880 when the captain moved to South Melbourne to live with friends shortly before his death. The cottage was extended to establish a guest house called Hopetoun House, named after the Governor who often stayed there. it was on the site of the McCrae carwash and was renamed Merlyn Lodge by the womenfolk who regarded the guest house as a place of shame; perhaps they were asked to provide more than the usual hospitality.
"Henry Vivian Adams, the first child of Robert Henry and Mary Jane, was born (registered) at Dromana in 1874, and married Sarah Ann Heaton Morgan at Mornington in 1897. Their first child, Myrtle Vivian Annie, was the mother of Harvey Marshall for whom I am writing this."
*The family folklore had it that Captain Adams was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian but this has been disproved and the current belief is that the association was through Adams ships delivering supplies to the aristocrat during military campaigns in Canada.

DITTERICH. - The Funeral of the late ALAN LESLIE DITTERICH will leave the Main Ridge Methodist Church THIS DAY.
after a service commencing at 2.30 p.m.. for the Dromana Cemetery.

DITTERICH.-On March 19. at Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital (result of accident), Alan Leslie, beloved son of Margaret and Ray.
DITTERICH. - Alan Leslie (result of accident), beloved grandson of Mrs. Stewart,Pt. Nepean road, Mt. Eliza loved nephew of David, Jim, Belle, Mary, Jessie, and Bob, aged 17 years. (All P.2, Argus, 21-3-1947.)

The following notice may not seem to have much to do with Main Ridge, but Christiana was the daughter of Alexander Shand. They were married in 1892.(WEDDING AT MAIN CREEK.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 14 April 1892 p 3 Article)
DITTERICH.-On September 9, 1928, at his residence, St. John street, Launceston, Rev. Richard Ditterich, beloved
husband of Christiana Ditterich, Superintendent Minister Patterson Street Methodist Church, and Chairman of
the Tasmanian Methodist Assembly, Aged 63 years.(P.2, Advocate (Burnie), 10-9-1928.)

It is likely that Christiana returned to Main Ridge after Richard's death. No member of the family was assessed in the 1919 rates but F.and Ralph had by 1927 commenced their famed involvement with the cricket team. The Main Ridge cricket ground (Melway 171 J 12) is on the A.F. &.R.Ditterich Reserve.

EVANS.-On March 30, at Dromana. Hannah Maria, widow of the late William Michael, and loving mother of Stanley, Gladys (Mrs. Powell), Madge (Mrs. Patterson), Minnie (Mrs. Todd), Doris, William, Aimee, Connie (Mrs. Cornish), aged 74 years.—At rest. (Interred at Dromana Cemetery.) (P.2, Argus, 1-4-1947.)
No funeral notice has been found.

A photo of Bill Evans and Hannah on their wedding day is on page 160 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Their first child, Stan was about 4 in (1905?), (when Mr Townsend saved the life of Henry (probably H.W.B.C) Wilson's 4 year old son using mouth to mouth after little Stan had run for help*) so the wedding would have been in about 1900. A photo of Bill Jnr. in the 1931 D.F.C. premiership team is on P.164 and the memoirs of Connie (Mrs Cornish) re Dromana State School, where she started in 1924, are on P.134.

4-4-1947. MRS ISABELLA CHAPMAN(nee Gibson)
CHAPMAN.-The Funeral of the late Mrs.ISABELLA CHAPMAN will leave her late residence. Pier street. Dromana. TOMORROW (Friday), at 2 p.m.. for the Dromana Cemetery.
CHAPMAN. —On April 2, at Pier street, Dromana, Isabella, widow of the late Henry George, and loving mother of Douglas,Gladys, and Allan, aged 82 years. —At rest.(Both P.2, Argus, 3-4-1947.)

Isabella (1865-1947) was the daughter of Walter Gibson and Margaret (nee Purdie.) See P. 82 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

Isabella (Gibson) Chapman was born into the Gibson family and married into the Chapman family. She married Henry George Chapman. She died in 1888.
I couldn't find Isabella's wedding notice.

3-11-1947. MRS WILLIAM JOHN WHITAKER.(See 11-2-1948.)
WHITAKER, - The Friends and Relatives of the late Mrs. WILHELMINA SPALDING WHITAKER are respectfully requested to follow her remains to the place of interment, the Dromana Cemetery.
The Funeral is appointed to leave the Bathurst memorial chapel, corner Glenhuntly and Kooyong roads, Elsternwick, THIS DAY (Monday), at 2.15 p.m. Service at 2 p.m.

WHITAKER. - On November 2, at her daughter's home, 53 Clonaig street, Brighton, Wilhelmina Spalding, dearly loved wife of William Whitaker, of Point Nepean road, Dromana, loving mother of Bertha(Mrs. Ingles), Lance (Mount Eliza), Fred(Hawthorn), Frank (Rosebud), and Nellie(Mrs. Brown), aged 77 years. -Dearly loved.
(Both P.9, Argus, 3-11-1947.

DAVIDSON, Grace 1948, James 1958. NOT IN NGAIRETH'S LIST or Australian Cemeteries - Victoria - Dromana Cemetery
A wedding photo of the couple is just before this excerpt about two thirds of the way through the Campbell history.
"Their last child, James White Davidson, attended school at Hornsdale and at 23 went droving and shearing around NSW. He was married on 28 April 1909 by Rev R. Campbell to Grace Maxwell Wilson. Grace was born on 5 April 1886 at Lilydale, Tasmania, second daughter of James and Grace Wilson. After their wedding they lived at Mount Russell, New South Wales, where they had three children, Grace Isabella Maxwell, Helen Margaret Heather and Jessie Jemima Janet. At Bowra Station near Cunnamulla Queensland they had two more children, James Hugh McKenzie and Jean Elizabeth Wilson. James senior spent 23 years in South Australia, 19 in New South Wales, 12 in Queensland and 28 years in Victoria.
James managed the 30,000 acre Bowra property and then moved to Shoreham Victoria in 1929. Bowra Station is now famous for its birdlife and draws many national and international visitors. Grace died 25 September 1948 at her daughter’s house in NSW and James on 7 June 1958 at Melbourne. They are buried in a double grave in the Presbyterian section of the Dromana Cemetery, Victoria."
SOURCE: The Campbells of South Australia - Flinders Ranges Research

19-1-1948.MRS HESTER ALICE HOLLAND(nee Brear.)
HOLLAND-The Funeral of the late Mrs. HESTER ALICE HOLLAND will leave her son's residence, Red Hill South. THIS DAY, at 2 p.m.. for Dromana Cemetery.
HOLLAND.On January 17 at Hastings, Hester Alice, widow of Samuel Mackie Holland,loving mother of Elsie (Mrs Henderson, deceased), Sydney and Jack.
HOLLAND. On January 17 at Hastings,Hester Alice, loving mother of Jack, mother in law of Rene,grandmother of Gwen, Roy and Rex.
(All P.2, Argus, 19-1-1948.)

ME.Does anybody know the maiden name of Hester Alice Holland, widow of Samuel Mackie Holland of "The Rest", Flinders? She died in 1948 and was buried at Dromana. I need it for my CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS AT DROMANA journal.

Rene White Janie Varkulevicius. (Janie might be a descendant.)

Toni Munday Dad James Braer and mum Harriet Louisa née Robillard

Toni Munday And Hester is down as Esther married 1893 and was born Trentham.

ME. Many thanks. Do you know where and when she was born and married?

Toni Munday 1893 they have their first child in Armadale -died at 78 so born 1870

ME. Perhaps this is why Hester was buried at Dromana. Could the correct spelling of her maiden name be Brear rather than Braer? Perhaps they changed the spelling during W.W,1 , as many with German ancestry did.
16-7-1936. MRS. P. M. GAMBLE.
Mrs Harriet Louisa Gamble, wife of Mr Peter Martin Gamble, died at her residence, Red Hill, on July 14.She had lived in the district for 20 years. Burial took place on July 16, in the Dromana cemetery. The casket was carried by Messrs. K. Cleine, J. Erskine, E.Russell, R. Thustain, E.Bowring and R. Edwards, senr. The Rev. W. Adams read the burial service.(P.4,FSS, 24-7-1936.)

GAMBLE (nee Brear);— On the 14th July, at Red Hill South, Harriet Louisa, dearly beloved wife of Peter Martin, loving sister of Hester Alice (Mrs. Holland) and William (deceased), aged 60 years.(P.1, The Age,15-7-1936.)

Extract from my journal, THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS.
HOLLAND Samuel Mackie J.P. 1922-7
See WETTENHALL entry. Samuel, Shire President in 1926-7, was unable to attend the Wettenhall farewell, apparently due to illness.

In 1919, Samuel M.Holland of Red Hill was assessed on 20 acres and buildings, 74H Balnarring. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres and buildings, part 13B, Kangerong.

Peninsula Motor Ambulance Service PUBLIC APPEAL. The motor ambulance, which was presented to the Mornington Peninsula on October 9, has already done good service. There has been one case from Frankston and two from Mornington for conveyance to Melbourne hospitals. Messrs. Taylor & Ritchie, of Mornington, have offered to garage the ambulance car free of cost for the present, but later on, owing to the holiday season they will be unable to do so. The committee is thus compelled to build a garage. A generous offer has been made by Cr. P. McArthur, president of the Mornington Shire, to allow the erection of a temporary garage on his property in the main street, adjoining the residence of Mr. J. E. Birch, the motor driver. The cost for the materials would be about 20. Some kind friends have volunteered to give half a day's work, free of charge, and it is hoped others will offer similar service. The work will be undertaken on a Saturday afternoon very soon. The committee also appeals to the public of Mornington Peninsula to help financially as soon as possible, as there are only a few more weeks to find provision for the wagon. Donations will be thankfully received by the committee and acknowledged through the press. The following are authorised to receive donations:--Mr. A.C. Allingham (president), Rosebud; Cr. J. Jack, Bittern; Cr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill; Cr. G. A. May, Frankston; Mr. C. Gray, Frankston; Cr. H.E.Edwards (treasurer), Mornington; Mr.J. L. Bleri (secretary), Mornington. (P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 13-11-1925.)

At the meeting of the Executive Council yesterday new justices of the peace were appointed as follows:-Central Bailiwick- Mr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill. Midland Bailiwick.-Mr. M. R. Wilson, Campbells
Forest. (P.8, Argus, 11-1-1924.)

HOLLAND. - On January 17, at Hastings, Hester Alice, widow of the late Samuel Mackie Holland, loving mother of Elsie (Mrs. Henderson deceased), Sydney, and Jack. (P.2, Argus, 19-1-1948.) In view of the above, and the fact that John E.Holland of "Lynden" welcomed his only daughter into the world in August 1923, I presume that Sam was the father of John E.Holland. Neither Sam nor John were children of Thomas Holland.

Notice is hereby given (blah blah) PROBATE of the WILL dated the 18th day of March 1939 First Codicil thereto dated the 13th day of March 1941 and Second Codicil thereto dated the 8th day of July 1941 of SAMUEL MACKIE HOLLAND late of Red Hill In the said State retired orchardst deceased may be granted to Hester Alice Holland of Red Hill in the said State widow of the said deceased and Leonard Robert Newnham Utber of 285 Collins street Melbourne In the said State, solicitor, the executors named in and appointed by the said will.
Dated this twenty eighth dav of July 1941 H.W. HUNT & UTBER 285 Collins Street,Melbourne, proctors for the applicants. (P.4, Argus, 29-7-1941.)

11-2-1948. WILLIAM JOHN WHITAKER.(See 3-11-1947.)
WHITAKER - The Funeral of the late Mr WILLIAM JOHN WHITAKER will leave St Mark s Church of England Dromana THIS DAY (February 11) at 3 p m for the Dromana Cemetery. CHAS MORGAN Sorrento Phone 15.

WHITTAKER - On February 10. at Dromana William John husband of the late Wilhelmina Spalding and loving father of Bertha (Mrs Engels), Lance, Frederick and Frank, aged 77 years -At rest. (Both P.2, Argus, 11-2-1948.)

WILLIAM JOHN WHITAKER. Late of Point Nepean Road, Dromana, in Victoria, Garage Proprietor, Deceased.-After the expiration of 14 clear days Lance Whitaker*, of "Ranelagh," Mount Eliza, in Victoria, Gentleman, the executor appointed by the deceased's will, dated the 30th day of March,1947, will APPLY to the Supreme Court of Victoria for a grant of PROBATE of the said WILL. MCINERNEY. WILLIAMS, & CURTAIN, of 90 Queen street, Melbourne, proctors for the applicant. (P.9, Argus, 22-4-1948.)

(*WILLIAM JOHN WHITAKER'S GRANDSON MARRIES.- PHOTO. Cutting the cake at the reception following their marriage at St. Mary's Church of England, Caulfield,yesterday are Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey Whitaker. The bride, who wore a gown of ice-blue brocade, was formerly Miss Margaret Partan, only daughter of Cr. and Mrs.Eric Partan, of Caulfield. The bridegroom is second son of Mr. and Mrs. L. Whitaker, of Ranelagh, Mt. Eliza.
(P.8, Argus, 23-2-1954.)

The Whitaker family was involved with motorised passenger service since early days and the Dromana drive-in for 50 years.

Dromana Drive-In turns 50 with a bang | Herald Sun
Feb 27, 2013 - Paul Whitaker from Dromana Drive-in with an old film projector which will be retired as the Dromana Drive-in moves to digital projection.

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.P.53. Fred Whitaker Senior (possibly William John) established his garage in Dromana in the early 1920's and ran a bus from Rosebud.Later his sons amalgamated with Johnson and Metcher to form Portsea Passenger Service.P. 164. In the 'tween wars era drags were supplanted by buses. Whitakers ran an eight seater bus to away matches.

WHITAKER'S PENINSULA MOTORS PTY. LTD., to take over from William John Whitaker his interest in motor garage and motor transport service at Dromana. Capital £3000.Subscribers--William John Whitaker, Frank Whitaker.
(P.6, Argus, 13-7-1936.)

Passengers boarded Whitaker's buses for the peninsula in Batman Avenue in 1928.(The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Monday 23 January 1928 p 16 Advertising) Later the buses left from outside Wight's in Melbourne. Stops were at Dromana, Rosebud, Birkdale etc.( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 10 March 1939 p 15 Advertising... DROMANA Rosebud Birkdale Rye Whitaker's Whight's dep 116)
Tootgarook was called Birkdale by the Whitakers because of Birkdale House on the east corner of Carmichael St.

P.79, Heritage Study. Dyson’s Peninsula Motors bus lines (1922-) had the school bus run from Sorrento and Flinders to Frankston in 1930 and Phillips ran buses to Pearcedale in the 1950s.322 Dyson’s and Lance Whittaker’s Portsea Passenger Service have become dominant in the area. Peninsula Bus Lines was purchased by the Grenada Group in 1976 and continues to operate from its Seaford depot.323

When Wheeler’s shop and post office combined was burnt out, he built a new shop and separate PO, just east of where the National Bank stands today. Webster’s shop was where Peebles is now. As the years passed, more shops were built. A garage just west of Wheeler’s was run by a Mr Anderson, followed by another in Ninth Avenue run by a Mr Whittaker, brother to Frank (who later owned the Dromana Drive-In).

(Frank?) Whitaker's statue is on the west corner of Rosebud Pde., outside the former Broadway Theatre.
Festival Director Steve Bastoni had the brilliant idea for a short film festival after starting his acting school on the peninsula, and wanting a medium for his students to be able to experience film making. Sitting at a cafe in Rosebud one day, he looked over and saw the wooden statue of Frank Whitaker, the original projectionist and operator of Rosebud Cinemas, and the idea for the short film festival was born.

TWISS. — The Funeral of the late Mrs. JESSIE J. TWISS will leave her residence, Sixth-av., Rosebud, TOMORROW, at 2 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery.(P.4, The Age, 10-12-1948.)

TWISS.— On June 9. at her residence,Sixth-av., Rosebud, Jessie, beloved wife of Christopher and loving sister
of Jean (Mrs. McKenzie) and Ebb Kennedy. aged 71 years. At rest.(P.2, The Age, 10-6-1948.)

CHRISTOPHER TWISS Late of Wonga 6th Avenue Rosebud Retired Glazier Deceased - After 14 clear days Leslie Jotham Gomm of 2 Tennyson street Kew minister of religion, the executor appointed by deceased's will dated 21st June. 1948 will APPLY to the Supreme Court for a grant or PROBATE of the said WILL.(P.15, Argus, 1-2-1951.)

TWISS - On January 11 at private hospital Kew, Christopher beloved husband of the late Jessie (and -sic) Jack
Twiss, late Sixth avenue Rosebud.
TWISS - On January 11 at private hospital Kew Christopher, loved uncle of Mary, Neil, Bill and Edna.

TWISS.—The Funeral of the late Mr CHRISTOPHER TWISS will leave Padbury's Chapel 11 Cotham road Kew,TOMORROW (Saturday) at 8 a m for the Dromana Cemetery. The cortege will arrive at Dromana Cemetery at 10 a.m.
(All P.12, Argus, 12-1-1951.)

I decided to include Jessie and Chris because I wrongly assumed from a result summary that they were related to the Peateys, but when I read of their sterling efforts for the Rosebud Red Cross branch in the 1945 report I didn't have the heart to give them the flick. And I had a good laugh at bigamist Chris marrying a bloke called Jack as well as Jessie!

Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 2 August 1945 p 2 Article

O'MALLEY.-The Funeral of the late Mr. MYLES F. O'MALLEY will leave the residence of Mr. R. J. Constable,
Heals(SIC) st., Dromana, THIS DAY(Tuesday), at 3.15 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery.

O'MALLEY.—On Anzac Day, at Dromana, Myles F., beloved husband of Janet, and loving father of Frank,Fred, Gladys, Alf, Andrew, Kath,Jean (deceased), Bert, Bob. -A soldier at rest.(Both P.7, Argus, 26-4-1949.)

P.54.The late Fred O'Malley Snr (probably Myles F.)worked the creeks above Gracefield, where he and his family then lived (fossicking for gold during the 1930's depression.) His son Fred Jnr. again prospected the area in the days following the war.
P.138? P.141. Fred O'Malley was a Tasmanian.
P.142. From ti-tree swamp to pasture necessitated attention to drainage. Fred O'Malley dug the course of Dunn's Creek through what had been Downward's* and Thompson's, for there had been a vast, shallow swamp.

*In 1919, the Downwards were assessed on lots 12, 16 and 17 of the special survey (Clarke subdivision would be a more accurate description.) Mrs Caroline Downward had 120 acres of c/a 24 Kangerong. These are indicated respectively by the following co-ordinates on Melway map 161. L.12 (B.4-5), L. 16 and 17 (C-F 1,2), c/a 24C Kangerong of 118 a. 1 r. 12 p., granted to Caroline, (F-J7 and fronting Dunns the top right corner of F9.)
Thompson's was probably lot 13 of Clarke's subdivision through which the creek flows from E6 to C3 where it entered lot 12. Fred's drain would be the present creek course from at least E 6 to A 4. It looks as if the drain in 160K 4-5 was later built to drain lots 10 and 11 of Clarke's subdivision fronting the east side of the Nepean Highway between Moat's Corner and Wallaces Rd.

27-5-1949. "BIG WILL." GIBSON.
GIBSON. - The Funeral of the late WILLIAM ALEXANDER GIBSON Willleave his residence, Glenholm. Dro-mana, after a service commencing at 2.15 p.m. THIS DAY (Friday), for the Dromana Cemetery.

GIBSON - On May 25 at his residence Glenholm Dromana William Alexander, third son* of the late Walter and Margaret Gibson.
GIBSON - On May 25 at his residence Glenholm Dromana, William Alexander loved uncle of Lillian
O'Shannassy Walter G and William T Gibson.
(All P.12, Argus, 27-5-1949.) William 1868-1949 was the eighth child and known as Big Will. (P.82, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. *Adam and John were older than him. Tom was the ninth child.

McKEOWN.—The Funeral of the late WILLIAM CAMPBELL MCKEOWN will arrive at the Dromana Cemetery at 11 a.m. THIS DAY (Tuesday,January 17).

McKEOWN. —On January 16, at Sorrento, William Campbell, son of the late J. and C. McKeown, of Aringa,Dromana, aged 80 years. (Both P.11, Argus, 17-1-1950.)

The background of the McKeown FAMILY is detailed in PIONEERS OF THE PENINSULA by Stephen Lynch, a descendant of Blooming Bob White known as toolaroo on family tree circles. The White and McKeown families were related due to James McKeown's sister, Sarah, marrying Hill Hillis and Blooming Bob marrying one of their daughters, and after her death, another one. Sarah died at Glenferrie, Blooming Bob's 27 acre property (named by John Moore) on the north corner of McIlroys and White Hill Rds. The reasonably priced and excellent book is available line.

James McKeown first lived in Warnambool upon arrival and travelled to Red Hill to select 73AB Balnarring in 1862. On his return to Red Hill in 1863,he was accompanied by his bride, Catherine Townsend Hill, and probably Hill Hillis and Sarah, who were occupying 50 acres of his 215 acre selection in the first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869. In about 1885, he left his 73AB grant, ownership of which passed to the Sheehans and then to a Sheehan son in law, W.A.Holmes. James and Catherine moved to Gracefield (between the wedge shaped Dromana Common and Caldwell Rd), part of which they retained after subdivision as well as building the Aringa guest house on the north west corner of Foote and Clarendon Sts. in 1892. Two of their daughters married Archie Shaw and Bill Dyson and the Shaw-McKeown Reserve is on a former McKeown orchard near Tower Rd.

"Four of the sons took employment in the Victorian Railways or P.M.G. away from Dromana, one son William maintaining the orchards and made a name as a beekeeper..." (P.86, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)
In the 1919-20 assessment, Bill was rated on 10 acres, part 9A1, section. Eva was rated on 9.5 acres of 9A. (9A of 21 acres was bounded by Atunga Terrace and Towerhill, Arthurs Seat and Caldwell Rds.) Annie, Elsie? and Ethel were rated on 9, 9A* and 10 of section 2, Dromana Township (Aringa and presumably the missing 1.5 acres of c/a 9A, section E.)

Here are the birth and death years of William Campbell McKeown and his siblings.
Family: Catherine Townsend Hill b. 1842, d. 1928
Annie Maria McKeown b. 1864, d. 1950
James Hutchison McKeown b. 1867, d. 1930
William Campbell McKeown b. 1869, d. 1950
Isabella Hervey McKeown b. 1871, d. 1932
Arthur John McKeown b. 1873, d. 1937
Eva Catherine McKeown b. 1874, d. 1953
Maud Mary McKeown b. 1876, d. 1945
Ethel May McKeown b. 1879, d. 1964
Ernest Edward McKeown b. 1881, d. 1941
Ida Florence Lil McKeown b. 1883
(Much more detail about each is available in:
William Campbell McKeown - Townsend Surname in Australia ...

The Funeral of the late Miss FLORENCE FRANCES PAYNE will arrive at the Dromana Cemetery at 11 30 a.m THIS DAY (Friday, March 3).

PAYNE. - On March 2, Florence Frances, passed peacefully away at Fauna Park, Dromana, loved life-long friend of Beatrice. Doug, and family, of Fauna Park, Dromana,aged 82 years. -Our Mina.
PAYNE. - On March 2, at Fauna Park, Dromana, Mina, loved friend of Rae Jolly. Avondale, Melbourne road,
Frankston. -God be with you till we meet again. (All P.10, Argus, 3-3-1950.)

Ancient Faces is just one of the many shopfronts of I have innocently contributed information to these mercenaries, so I feel no guilt in accessing, without payment details of Miss Payne's parents.
Florence Frances Payne (1868 - 1950)
Florence Frances Payne was born in 1868. She was born to Charles and Rose Bingham Payne, and was an only child. She died in 1950 in Dromana, Australia at age 82.

Her friends, the Pickings, were originally from Frankston (Long Island in Doug's wedding notice.) The Pickings must have intended being buried at Dromana too but they were buried at Mornington Cemetery, Beatrice (nee Phillips) only about six years after the death of Florence,and only aged 56. Florence must have been like a kindly aunt to the Pickings. Rae Jolly's Avondale might have also been on Long Island, between the beach and the Kananook Creek, (south of Mile Bridge where the highway crosses the creek and the spot where aboriginal protector, William Thomas waded neck-deep across the FORD near the SEA, the reason Beachdale was renamed as Seaford when the railway station was built.)

The Pickings seem to have been on the Survey from about 1923 until at least the 1950's. The Pickings boys must have had artistic talent to rival that of another Dromana lad,Melbourne Brindle. They obviously got their talent from their father, Doug.

Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 30 March 1944 p 2 Article
... DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST Bruce Picking, young son and Mrs. Douglas Picking, Dromana, has commenced study National Art Gallery. A future is predicted for this sma lad. ... 27 words

Douglas Picking must have used at least part of his property for normal farming practices, one of which was breeding sheep.

HIGH PRICE FOR RAM. Cr. David Boyd, of Berwick, who has one of the leading flocks of Rye- land sheep in the State, has, for the purpose of improving his flock, purchased from Mr. Douglas Picking, of Dromana, the stud Ryeland ram, Picking's R1880. The price paid was 30 guineas which, at the present time, is an exceptionally high price for a ram.

EXPORT OF NATIVE GAME. COUNCILLOR ADVOCATES AMENDMENT OF LAW. ENTERPRISE TIED UP WITH RED TAPE. Cr. J. Unthank told last meeting of the. Shire Council that he had been much impressed when he paid a visit to Mr. D. Picking's fauna park at Dromana. Cr. Unthank said Mr. Picking told him that the law forbidding the export of native game prevented him from disposing of a lot of stock. If he was not so tied down with red tape he could have one of the finest zoological gardens in Australia. Cr. Unthank said he saw about 200 pheasants on Mr. Picking's farm coming to the homestead to be fed. There were peacocks, emus, kangaroos, wallabies and other game moving about the farm. He (Cr. Unthank) advocated an amendment of the game laws to permit the export of a limited number of specimens of native game. (P.1,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 14-4-1934.)


[Bb]28-3-1950. GEORGE McLEAR.
McLEAR. -On March 26, at Repatriation Hospital, Bundoora, George, of
Red. Hill, Dromana, beloved husband of Lena, and loved father or George
and Keith.
McLEAR.-On March 26, at Repatriation Hospital. Bundoora, George, beloved son of Emily and the late George McLear, of Dromana, loved brother of Henry, Jack, Sam, Mary (Mrs. Aust). Kathleen (Mrs.Pettigrew), and Evelyn (Mrs. Guy).
McLEAR.-The Funeral of the late Mr.GEORGE McLEAR will leave his residence, Red Hill rd., Dromana, after a service commencing at 2.45 p.m.,
THIS DAY (Tuesday), for the Dromana Cemetery.(P.15, Argus, 28-3-1950.)
This was George (b.1891) whose father George, born near Camden, N.S.W. in.1840, the son of John and Mary Ann, was about 9 when his father was killed near the Plenty and 11 upon arrival on the Survey. He survived W.W.1 as did some of the letters sent home to his father. Keryn McLear has posted a sample on this page.
The deceased , whose siblings are detailed on page 111 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, had earlier been suffering with influenza and had apparently recovered. His sons were Keith and (apparently) George Basil.
George Basil McLear, of Red Hill-road, Dromana, suffered head injuries yesterday when a motorcycle he was riding got out of control and skidded on Point Nepean-road, Mornington.A passer-by discovered McLear lying on the road, and notified the police, McLear was taken to Mornington Hospital. . His
condition is not thought to be serious.(P.3, The Age, 21-2-1947.)
George McLear 2 was the captain of the Bush Fire Brigade before W.W.2. On 5-10-1923, George McLear 2 was elected Chairman of the Sports Club and it was mooted that the straight be moved to the Red Hill Road side of the racecourse but this decision was reversed at the next meeting. The Club's last race meeting was held on 11-3-1927 with George McLear 2 the Secretary.

4 X cLEAR . — The Funeral of the late Mrs. EMMELINB LOUISE McLEAR
will leave her residence, "Maryfleld." Nepean Highway, Dromana. THIS DAY,
alter a service commencing at 2.4o p.m. for the Dromana Cemetery.
(P.7, The Age, 24-7-1950.)
The death notice. These started with Q on page 7. The digitisation stated "continued from page 8" but after an hour of searching that and p.6-9, I found that it was actually continued from page 2 and corrected this in the digitisation.
McCLEAR. — On July 23. at Dromana and District Community Hospital
Emmellne. widow of the late Georg® McLenr, devoted mother of George (deceased), Mary (Mrs. Aust), Jack. Emmellne (deceased), Henry, Kathleen
(Mrs. Pcttlgrew), Samuel and Evelyn (Mrs. Guy). In her 88th year. A
wonderful mother at rest. (P.2, The Age, 24-7-1950.)
Photo of the beautiful Emmeline, "The English-born Emmeline Louise NEWSTEAD, daughter of a ship's captain, came to Melbourne via the S.S.Rome in the late 1880's as Governess to the daughters of the newly appointed Governor of the Melbourne Mint."
While staying with this ANDERSON family at James Boag's "Melrose" (now indicated by Melway 160 A 7-8), Emmeline and the girls were seen by George collecting maiden-hair fern on his property. "On September 24 1890, George, then 49, wed Emmeline Louise 25- he 6 foot 6 inches to her dainty 5 foot 2 inches."
Birth and death details are given for all their children on page 111. The book, written by the late Colin McLear, can be purchased from the Dromana Historical Society and has extraordinary detail about Dromana's pioneering families.

LINDSAY, — The Funeral of the late Mrs. JESSIE LINDSAY will arrive at the Dromana Cemetery TOMORROW. at 11 a.m.(P.7, The Age, 28-7-1950.)
LINDSAY. — On September 27. at 17 Clive-street, Brighton. Jessie, loved
wife of the late E. E. Lindsay, of Red Hill, and loving mother of Ernest* (late
R.A.N., deceased), Barbara (Mrs. Gibson) and Donald.
(P.2, The Age, 28-7-1950.)

I have decided to include Jessie's burial because there are many mentions of the surname, Lindsay, in the area, although I have found no connection to Jessie.
Rev.O.S.Lindsay was appointed an original trustee of the Dromana Methodist Church in 1878 (P.124 A.D.O.D.) "Lindsay" (no initial or given name) was playing footy and/or cricket with Dromana, Balnarring and Flinders in the latter 1890's which ties in well with a Red Hill residency, as does the Gibson connection, perhaps the family of the grantee of 78A Balnarring on the north corner of Red Hill and Stanleys Rd, Red Hill. C.Lindsay had the 2nd highest batting average for Balnarring in 1899.

*Searches related to Ernest George Lindsay Service Number: 13764 Rank: Ordinary Artificer 1st Class Unit: HMAS Yarra Service: Royal Australian Navy Conflict / Operation: Second World War, 1939-1945 Conflict eligibility date: Second World War, 1939-1947 Date of death: 9 March 1942 Place of death: Indian Ocean Cause of death: Died at sea Cemetery or memorial details: Plymouth Naval Memorial, Plymouth, Devon, England, United Kingdom Source: AWM146 Roll of Honour cards, 1939-1945 War, Royal Australian Navy

An Ernest George Lindsay in the navy was born in England in 1901 but even if he was Jessie's son, that does not rule out a relationship with C.Lindsay etc.

PEATEY. — The Funeral of the late Mr. JOHN HENRY PEATEY will leave his residence, Rosebud, THIS DAY, after prayers, commencing at 2.30 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery. (P.8, The Age, 24-10-1950.)

PEATEY.— On October 23. at his residence, Rosebud. John Henry,dearly beloved husband of the late Mary Anne Peatey, loving father of John (deceased). William (deceased!. Susan*. George, Annie. Mary, and grandfather of Arthur, beloved brother of Charlotte and Alfred. Sadly missed.
(P.2,The Age, 24-10-1950, two more notices listing grandkids.)

John Henry was the son of George and Susan Peatey, pioneers of the Survey by 1858, 27 AC Kangerong at the north end of Harrisons Rd, Dromana and then lot 76 of Woolcott's, subdivision of c/a 17 Wannaeue, 2 acres at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St, Rosebud from 1888.
He was born in Melbourne in 1857, probably in Canvas Town at Emerald Hill. Jack married Mary on 4-11-1884. My notes do not reveal Mary’s maiden name but it is likely that Jack met her in Gippsland after his move to that area in 1879. Their children were Edward (20-11-1886), William Henry (22-11-1888), Susan (1890) and, George (1892), all born in Gippsland. Susan was the last president of the Rosebud and District Historical Society which folded about 2002 after she’d taken time off to write a book (probably PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS, the source of this information.)
Jack and Mary returned to Rosebud in 1894 and bought C.A. 5 OF THE Rosebud Fishing Village on the east side of a 40 metre wide beach access through which flowed a creek which became known as Peatey’s Creek; this access is now the Murray Anderson Rd foreshore car park. They supplied produce such as milk eggs, and poultry.
The beach road was only 20 metres wide, the remaining 20 metres of the road reserve nearer the foreshore blocks being grazed by the Peatey cows, and the Fountain girls who lived on the west side of the creek called this area the village green (grass and low shrubs.) A feature of the Rosebud aquatic sports involved swimmers chasing a Peatey duck which nobody ever caught. The Peatey hens slept in the trees according to a map of early Rosebud probably drawn by the Fountain girls. (Memoirs written by two of the Fountain girls.)
The produce business was largely carried on by Mary Ann because Jack was almost an invalid. Fred Vine carved a walking stick for him. His health improved and he used to take out fishing parties with one of his regular patrons being Edward Campbell (Melbourne councillor who served as Lord Mayor and holidayed on lot 12 and 11 of the fishing village, now the 38 metre frontage Banksia Point complex.)
Jack (concertina), Rosie Bucher (piano) and a fiddler supplied music for Rosebud’s dances. Jack’s eyes turned and Mr Wong made a mask with slits which miraculously straightened his eyes. Ha, ha. It was a hoax according to Jim Dryden, whose dad Bill married a Peatey girl. Obviously the womenfolk were kept in the dark!


BURNHAM.— The Funeral of the late Mr WALTER JAMES BURNHAM will leave Church of England, Rosebud,THIS DAY. after a service commencing at 2 p.m., for thc Dromana Cemetery. (P.8, The Age, 11-4-1951. Notice also in The Argus on the same day.)

For the Burnham family anecdotes of Early Rosebud (from about 1913) see:
Life in Rosebud in the early years: by Vin Burnham |

In short, Walter and his brother, Charles moved to Rosebud in about 1913 from Sorrento(or Blairgowire-sic). Charles bought a Hindhope subdivision block on the north corner of McCombe St and Boneo Rd, which was much later occupied by Red Rooster and is now taken up by the left turn slip lane from Boneo Rd. Here Charles house and the brothers' fish shop (the latter shown on the website) were built. Walter built a house, on the foreshore opposite Boneo Rd, which was bought after his death and became the Sunday School at St Kathryn's McCrae. The brothers built a ti tree jetty, near Walter's house, which was painted from east and west by the great Arthur Boyd. Walter's grand daughter married Peter Wilson, author of ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD (in which one of the said paintings is shown, as well as a photo of Peter's wife, as a toddler, sitting on the jetty.)

BLACKER -The Funeral of the late MERVYN JAMES BLACKER will leave his residence Jetty road,Rosebud, TOMORROW (Wednesday, February 6) at 10:30 a.m. for the Dromana Cemetery.
BLACKER-On February 4 (result of accident), at Heyfield,Melvyn J., only child of Mr. and Mrs. J. Blacker, Second avenue,Rosebud. -Deeply mourned.(Both P.12, Argus, 5-2-1952.)

The deceased, Mervyn James Blacker, aged 30 years, of Rosebud, was driving a timber jinker loaded with logs. He
arrived at the point above the checking station about 10 a.m. on Monday.After the accident, those from the checking station and other drivers were quickly on the scene but nothing could be done to aid the injured
man. His body was taken to Heyfield.ETC. (P.1, Gippsland Times, 7-2-1952.)

MERVYN JAMES BLACKER Late of Jetty Road Rosebud Formerly Poultry Farmer, lately Cartage Contractor, Deceased
Intestate - After fourteen clear days Kathleen Josephine Blacker of Jetty road Rosebud the widow and one of the next of kin of the said deceased will APPLY to the Supreme Court for a grant of LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of the said deceased. (P.10. Argus, 21-1-1953.)

The criteria for inclusion here is membership of a pioneering family or longtime residency, to which I have added community service and involvement, as in the case of the TWISS family. Although I can find no mention of the Blackers in Rosebud before 1949, a member of the family, possibly Mervyn's son, is still living in Rosebud 67 years later.

Another reason for inclusion is the historical theme of employment (including a strong link with Gippsland.) As farmland became suburbia or more mechanised, and during depressions, many lads sought employment opportunities away from home and members of pioneering families moved to Melbourne to find jobs; their married daughters buried at Dromana perhaps likely to miss being included here unless mentioned in local histories or death notices. During early days, Edward Hobson in 1843, Henry William Wilson, and members of the Rowley, Peatey and Hobley families, for example, lived in Gippsland. Henry Falby Gomm of Somerville and two Chapman brothers of Seawinds were some who joined the exodus to W.A. during the 1890's depression. After W.W.2 when females had joined the workforce to keep the country going, many girls secured office jobs, typists etc. and as a result married Melbourne men who may have later come to the peninsula as jobs in the P.M.G., S.E.C. etc. due to increased employment opportunities there. The female drover's brother and other farm lads mentioned by her, started stock transport businesses and others, such as Murray Moser made a living carting bricks and D.W.Beanland, Henry A.Bucher, L.A.Coates,T.H.Ellis, W.D.Grant, H.G.Hancock, R.H.Hewitt, W.D.Marsh, Jon.W.Miller, C.E.Peters, Warwick A Potton, J.T.Potts,(at Rosebud in 1950) building houses. Four of the 25 Rosebud West residents listed were associated with the building industry. Bart Rogers, a great Rosebud stalwart, managed the pine plantation now occupied by the Rosebud Country Club.

As the late Ray Cairns said when I mentioned the changing occupations held by early ratepayers, he replied that you took any work on offer. Reports of council meetings contain numerous request from farmers for permission to cut firewood or strip wattle bark so they could earn a crust. Road maintenance was a good earner for many farmers.

The era near 1950 was great for builders on the peninsula, but local employment opportunities were limited for others such as Mervyn James Blacker.The poultry farm was not bringing in enough income. And I presume the Buds lost a footballer, a good one too.
The standard of play was high in the inter-league game. Just before the final bell Federal League led by two points.Blacker, of Rosebud, secured the ball and, taking no chances,kicked the winning goal to give Peninsula victory by four points.(P.52, Weekly Times, 6-7-1949.)

PEATEY. — The Funeral of the late Mr. JOHN HENRY PEATEY will leave his residence, Rosebud, THIS DAY, after prayers, commencing at 2.30 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery. (P.8, The Age, 24-10-1950.)
John Henry was the son of George and Susan Peatey, pioneers of the Survey by 1858, 27 AC Kangerong at the north end of Harrisons Rd, Dromana and then lot 76 of Woolcott's, subdivision of c/a 17 Wannaeue, 2 acres at the south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St, Rosebud from 1888.
He was born in Melbourne in 1857, probably in Canvas Town at Emerald Hill. Jack married Mary on 4-11-1884. My notes do not reveal Mary’s maiden name but it is likely that Jack met her in Gippsland after his move to that area in 1879. Their children were Edward (20-11-1886), William Henry (22-11-1888), Susan (1890) and, George (1892), all born in Gippsland. Susan was the last president of the Rosebud and District Historical Society which folded about 2002 after she’d taken time off to write a book (probably PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS, the source of this information.)
Jack and Mary returned to Rosebud in 1894 and bought C.A. 5 OF THE Rosebud Fishing Village on the east side of a 40 metre wide beach access through which flowed a creek which became known as Peatey’s Creek; this access is now the Murray Anderson Rd foreshore car park. They supplied produce such as milk eggs, and poultry.
The beach road was only 20 metres wide, the remaining 20 metres of the road reserve nearer the foreshore blocks being grazed by the Peatey cows, and the Fountain girls who lived on the west side of the creek called this area the village green (grass and low shrubs.) A feature of the Rosebud aquatic sports involved swimmers chasing a Peatey duck which nobody ever caught. The Peatey hens slept in the trees according to a map of early Rosebud probably drawn by the Fountain girls. (Memoirs written by two of the Fountain girls.)
The produce business was largely carried on by Mary Ann because Jack was almost an invalid. Fred Vine carved a walking stick for him. His health improved and he used to take out fishing parties with one of his regular patrons being Edward Campbell (Melbourne councillor who served as Lord Mayor and holidayed on lot 12 and 11 of the fishing village, now the 38 metre frontage Banksia Point complex.)
Jack (concertina), Rosie Bucher (piano) and a fiddler supplied music for Rosebud’s dances. Jack’s eyes turned and Mr Wong made a mask with slits which miraculously straightened his eyes. Ha, ha. It was a hoax according to Jim Dryden, whose dad Bill married a Peatey girl. Obviously the womenfolk were kept in the dark!

3-5-1955. EDEN WHITE.
Eden White was a son of Blooming Bob White and Mary Hannah (nee Roberts, daughter of Christopher Roberts grantee of land at the south end of Roberts Rd, Main Ridge.) Blooming Bob died in 1941.
WHITE.-On November 2, at his residence, Arthur's Seat road,Main Ridge, Eden Edward, dearly beloved husband of Ethel, loved father of Colin, father-in-law of Margaret, grandpa of Maxine,Eleanor, and Robert.
WHITE.-On November 2, at his residence, Arthur's Seat road, Main Ridge, Eden Edward, loved son of Mary and the late Robert White, loving brother of George(deceased). Chris, Ern (deceased), Fred, Lilian (Mrs. Bright), Jack,
and Syd.

WHITE.-The Funeral of the late EDEN EDWARD WHITE will leave the Red Hill Church of Christ,THIS DAY, after service commencing at 2.30 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery.
NEIL S. MUIR. Mornington 2132.
WHITE.-Dromana Lodge. No.511. A., F. and A. M., of Victoria.-The Officers and Brethren of the above Lodge and Craft in general are invited to attend the Funeral of their late respected brother. EDEN E. WHITE, which
will take place at Dromana Cemetery, at approx. 3.30 p.m., THIS DAY (Thursday), following a service commencing at Church of Christ, Redhill, at 2 30 p.m.(All notices, P.12, Argus,3-11-1955.)

N.B. The listing by Ngaireth, which supplied no date, could relate to Nelson and Jane Rudduck's son Jack who was killed in W.W. 1, about whom a death notice will probably eventually be found.
See pages 63 and 66 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA about the grandson of Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck's grandson Jack.
Jack was probably buried at the wreck site (if his body was actually found) and an inscription added to his family'd grave at Dromana (probably the same sort of situation as the memorial for Judge Higgins' son killed in W.W.1.) Jack's sister, may have been aboard the plane in which the burial service was read.
DARWIN, Sunday: As Northern Territory policemen buried three victims from the
wrecked Flying Doctor plane in the Kimberleys yesterday, the Rev.Stuart Lang, recited a burial service in a plane circling overhead. The police party reached the wreck late on Friday.
'There were originally five people in the plane. It is not known yet whose bodies were buried, nor what has become of the other two occupants.The only communication between the police and the plane flying overhead was by
means of hand signals.
The five people originally in the wrecked plane were: Jack Rudduck and his
12-month-old child, Helen. Frances Day, 20, and 'Margaret Newman, 19,
Derby Hospital nursing assistants. Peter von Emmerik, the pilot.
(P.6, Argus, 27-2-1956.)
Post by Judi Haysom.
RUDDUCK, Jack 1956; he and daughter Helen were killed in an RFDS plane crash in the Kimberleys, WA. Baby Helen was ill and needed transporting to hospital; sadly they had to fly through an electrical storm. Due to the severity of the storm it was 3 weeks before the wreckage was located as torrential rain covered the wreckage. I remember, as a child, accompanying my mother (Jack's sister) and moving from Cattle Station to Cattle Station in the area as the search for the wreckage took place. Jack was Manager of Tablelands Station at the time.

12-4-1956. MRS ELIZA JORDAN.
If I do not recognise a surname (e.g. Lovell, Jordan), I do a trove search for the surname and Dromana as well as scanning the index of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. The Jordans were longtime residents, although not mentioned in the book.

JORDAN.-The Funeral of the late Mrs. ELIZA JORDAN will
leave the Methodist Church, Nepean Highwav, Dromana, TOMORROW (Thursday), after a service commencing at 10.45 a.m., for the Dromana Cemetery.
JORDAN-On April 10, at Murrumbeena, Eliza Jordan, of Dromana, .beloved wife of the late William, loved mother of Sylvia (deceased), Leslie, and Norm,mother-in-law of Lil and Del,
grandmother of Keith, Bert, Donald; Bruce, and Ray. -Peace,
perfect peace.(Both P.15, Argus, 11-4-1956.)

Eliza was the daughter of John and Jane Myring.
MYRING. –On the 21st August at St. Aidan's private hospital, Moonee Ponds (result of an accident), John Myring, of 169 Wellington street,Flemington, loved husband of Jane, and beloved
father of William, Joseph (Flemington), Eliza (Mrs. Jordan, Dromana), John (Moonee Ponds), and Lilian (Mrs. White, Emu), aged 81 years. A colonist of 60 years.(P.11, Argus, 23-8-1924.)

Eliza and William Jordan were assessed in 1919 on lot 11 and buildings Washington Heights Estate, west half section 7 and buildings. Section 7 of the Dromana township was surrounded by Latrobe Pde, Stawell, Layard and Grant Sts, so the Jordans had lot 2 fronting Layard St.
It is likely that Eliza's father was a pioneer of Castlemaine. I thought I recalled a Myring St in Flemington but there is none; it must be in Castlemaine. (It's in North Castlemaine over the railway line from the north end of the Botanical gardens.)
Forest Street to Forest Creek Heritage Assessment Report…/Separate_Attachment…...
May 12, 2015 - In 1862 McCarthy's workshop was purchased by John Myring, who had

I've scanned through the report but haven't found the reference yet to discover what John did in the workshop; the following indicates that he was a smith and that he was in Flemington by 1887.
FLEMINGTON AND KENSINGTON COUNCIL. Wednesday, April 13th. ... 6d. per pillar, and John Myring's, for supply of 40 lamp lanterns, at 14s. 9d. each.
It is likely that John Myring and George Washington Debney were mates at Flemington, which would account for the Jordans living just west of the heritage-listed "Washington" in 1919, a sad year for the family.
JORDAN. — On the 27th April, at Dromana,
Sylvia, the dearly loved daughter of Mr. and Mrs
W. Jordan, of Dromana and 497 Brunswick-road
West Brunswick, and much loved sister of Rose,
Agnes, Adelaide, Fiorrie. Oswald, Les (on active
service) and Norman, aged 21 years.(P.5, The Age, 3-5-1919.)

The earliest mention of the Jordans in Dromana was in 1917 when Les joined up. I checked pages 6 and 7 to find Sylvia's funeral notice and see if she was buried at Dromana but couldn't find any funeral notices. Ngaireth's list shows that Silvia was buried at Dromana, along with several other family members.

CHADWICK. —The Funeral of the late Mr. HENRY WILLIAM CHADWICK is appointed to leave the Rosebud Church of England, THIS DAY, after a service commencing at 3 p.m., for the Dromana Cemetery.
T. BATHURST & CO. (late A.I.F.), LF6337, LF4568.
CHADWICK. —Members of the Rosebud R.S.S. & A.I.L.A. are advised that the Funeral of their late Comrade HENRY WILLIAM CHADWICK will leave the Church of England, Rosebud, THIS DAY,after a service commencing at 3 p. m. for the Dromana Cemetery. REG. KILBORN, President.

Death notices in the same issue show that Harry,much involved with the Rosebud youth club and foreshore trust, drowned at Coolangatta. (P.14, Argus, 21-9-1956.)

The Chadwicks were in Rosebud by 1918 when the daughter of Thomas William Chadwick and Pearl (nee Cairns) were born there.(P.11, Argus, 30-11-1918.) See more in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. Tom Chadwick lived in Peter Pidoto's old house in Dromana and was involved in community activities there.(P.89. 180, 189 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) He cunningly invited people to view the arrival of the American fleet from the Springbank estate which he just happened to be selling.(LETTER TO THE EDITOR ON TROVE.)

See the entry for Grace for a terrific biography.
DAVIDSON, Grace 1948, James 1958.

1970. MARY AUST (nee McLear.) See 1979 HERBERT DANIEL AUST.
AUST Mary photo 11/2/1970
AUST Herbert Daniel� photo 4/6/1979

I can't help wondering. Is the surname AUST similar in origin to North, South , East and West, Austria and Australia (i.e. meaning south)?
See pages 112, 124, 135, 149, 160, 163-7 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA for references to the Aust family.

Keryn McLear. Herbert Daniel Aust (1903-1979) married Mary Ann McLear (1893-1970) in 1926. She was known as 'Mary' and was the daughter of George McLear and Emmeline nee Newstead. Herbert was known as 'Bert' .Their first child, Herbert George was born in 1926 and died in 1927. I don't know where he was buried, as some of the children were buried at Maryfield, the family property. Their second child, Elaine Louise Hitchiner*, nee Aust, was born in 1930 (?) and died in 2012. Auntie Elaine and Uncle Reg are buried at Dromana, a few rows above her parents. George Naylor (memorial wall) was married to Ruth McLear, daughter of Henry and Emma Ruth Hill, and Ruth's younger brothers were Colin (dec) and Malcolm.

*I presume these are the parents of the husband of Elaine Louise, nee Aust.
HITCHINER Mary� photo 13/03/1957 64
HITCHINER Alfred photo 25/01/1962 76

19-6-1981. PEATEY, Sarah Ellen (Nellie)
Death Certificate: d 13 June 1981; b 19 June 1981, undertaker G. Crawley; minister E. Smith, Anglican.
The information that Sarah's pet name was Nellie and the death/ burial dates etc. obviously did not come from trove but from a Peatey descendant from whom I'm seeking further details about the "witch's house" (as the kids* used to call it, any woman with grey hair qualifying for such a description and Sarah was 91 at the time of her death.)
* A comment from one of those kids (now a tad older!)
I remember the witch's house! I remember standing in the school ground looking over and being totally spooked, haha. It didn't last long, I think Mum told me not to be silly - it's alright for her, she didn't have to walk past it home every day, haha!

Sarah Ellen (nee Coe) married William Henry Peatey (born 22-11-1888) on 23-2-1916 with Ted Green of Main Ridge (i.e. Green's Bush)as their best man. The Greens and Peateys had probably met at Rosebud where the Greens lived at "Springbank" opposite the McCrae lighthouse, which burnt down at about the time of the marriage if my memory serves me correctly. William and Sarah's had a three year working honeymoon, visiting stations as far afield as
Queensland where Sarah, an expert dressmaker, whipped up stylish creations that were much appreciated by isolated women. In 1919, they returned to Rosebud and lived at Elizabeth Lacco's Pier Cottage (on the site of the current Banksia Point apartment/ cafe development diagonally opposite the Primary School.) Bill bought a fishing boat from Mr C.Watson of Queensliff. Bill, born in Gippsland in 1888, was the son of Jack and Mary Peatey who returned to Rosebud in 1894, settling on crown allotment 5 of the Rosebud Fishing Village which they called "Beachside." INFORMATION FROM "PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS" WRITTEN BY BILL AND ELLEN'S DAUGHTER, ROSALIND PEATEY.


*MITCHELL John. (Possibly buried at Mornington.)Farmer, Kangerong.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 1 August 1862 p 4 Article

*QUINAN Robert. VICTORIA. Father in law of James Purves,son of Peter Purves of Tootgarook.
Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Thursday 2 February 1865 p 2 Article
... held on Tuesday at Dro-mana, by the City Coroner, on the body of Robert Deny Denison Quinan ... , schoolmaster at Dromana, who was found dead on Sunday in a scrub near his house. He was aged 49 years, and has

*M'KECKNIE James. (Possibly buried at Quarantine Station). Quarryman near the Heads.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 19 April 1866 p 4 Article

*BULLOCK Thomas. F.Bullock was the grantee of 96 acres at Melway 190 F12,the north west corner being the bend in the Mornington-Flinders Rd and Stony Tucks Rd the eastern boundary.

Mr. Candler, the district coroner, on Tuesday held an inquest at Dromana on the body of Thomas Bullock, aged 51 years. Deceased had been burning logs for clearing purposes in a paddock near his house at Balnarring,and on the 10th instant, at about a quarter-past 1 o'clock in the morning, his son, when out shooting, smelt flesh burning, and searching amongst the fired logs, found the deceased lying on some hot ashes on his back in the paddock about 100 yards from the house. He was last seen alive at about 10 o'clock the previous evening, when he was poking up a fire in the paddock, and said he would be in shortly. His daughter, to whom he said this, then went in to bed, as did also her brother; and the other brother, who found the deceased, on going into the house found them in bed. Deceased was not subject to fits, but he dragged one foot, scraping the ground with it, and when he got on his back he could not get up or change his position. Deceased was dead, and a post-mortem examination by Dr. Rodd showed that the body was charred throughout externally, some portions being completely baked even in the internal organs. The back was especially burnt. The cause of death appeared to have been burning. The jury found that deceased was found dead, having been accidentally burnt to death.
(P.7, Argus, 14-7-1870.)

*JESSEL Thomas. Rosebud fisherman.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 19 July 1871 p 6 Article

*GRIFFITH Abraham. Farmer on the Survey.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 27 March 1874 p 6 Article
... boundary of tho Morning-ton Shire. Watson Eaton, a partner of the deceased, said that the latter was able

*GRAY Edward. Grantee of 106 acres at Melway 190 J 11-12 between Stony Creek and Shoreham Rd.

Mr Candler held an inquest on the 25th inst, at Dromana on the body of Edward Gray, aged 60 years, a farmer at Balnarring. On the 24th inst. the deceased and his son were burning trees, to clear a paddock, and the son hearing a tree fall near the deceased went up and found the deceased lying dead,with a log across his feet. The deceased was digging at a sapling, when the burning tree fell on him. His skull was fractured. A verdict of "accidentally killed" was returned.(P.7, Argus,29-9-1874.)

*WADESON Lawrence. Gardener with John Holmes (no relation to the present Holmes families of Red Hill)on land at Melway 191E3,across Red Hill Rd from the Gibson grant.
Mr. Candler held an inquest on the 8th inst, at Dromana, on the body of Lawrence Wadeson, aged 62 years, a gardener at Kangerong, on Mount McMahon. On the evening of Saturday, the 6th inst, at 7 o'clock, John Thomas Gibson, splitter and fencer at Balnarring, found the deceased's horse, with the shafts of a cart attached, in the road, and going along the road, found the deceased lying insensible on his belly, with the wheels and part of the body of the cart near him. The near wheel of the cart, it was found, had struck a tree alongside the track, and the vehicle had apparently been capsized. There was no track of any other vehicle.The deceased was conveyed to his house, about two miles off, and died in about three hours, without having recovered consciousness. The deceased was accustomed to the track, and the moon was up. He was a temperate man, but was said to be in the habit of falling asleep when driving. There were bruises about the head and body of the
deceased. A verdict of death from injuries accidentally received was found. (P.7, Argus, 12-5-1876.)

1877/death may have been early 1878. I've got it somewhere.Rebecca Griffith was granted probate*.
EATON Watson. Farmer on the Survey and west of the south end of Eaton's Cutting. Amateur doctor.
The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 17 November 1877 p 3 Article ... Watson Eaton, a farmer, living at Dromana, was .

*The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 March 1878 p 5 Article
... ; Watson Eaton, £157

UNKNOWN MAN. Burial 23-7-1891.
DROMANA, Thursday.
The dead body of a man was found here by Constable Fowler's little boys early this morning, having been washed up on the beach below Allison's Arthur's Seat Hotel. It had evidently been in the water for some days, the hands and face being disfigured beyond recognition. The deceased wore a diagonal cloth coat and vest, and dark-
striped trousers ; and in the pockets were found three sovereigns, a half sovereign, a shilling and two threepenny pieces, a small knife with a pearl handle, and a small calendar. The deceased was a man of stout
build, about 5ft. 7in. high, and apparently of middle age. Mr. N. Rudduck, J. P., held a magisterial inquiry to-day, when a verdict of found drowned was returned. The deceased was interred in the Dromana Cemetery this afternoon. The clothing and other articles remain in the possession of the police awaiting identification.
(P.6, Argus, Friday, 24-7-1891.)

N.B. More bodies were being found during the 1890's depression than gold.
Constable Jones is of opinion that the body is that of George Pierce James Hume, a mining man well known in Melbourne, who was reported as missing on 5th April last. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 22-7-1897.)
Constable Jones was obviously right and Hume's funeral left from his residence in Oakleigh. He was not buried at Dromana.

Family tree circle's ngairedith has conveniently put all recorded burials into one journal. Most of the information probably resulted from the dedication displayed by Thelma Littlejohn and Bev Laurissen in transcribing inscriptions on surviving headstones.

11 comment(s), latest 5 months, 3 weeks ago