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at Lyndhurst?
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 21 May 1870 p 11 Article
... off in Lovie's paddock, where a ... 75 words

This was an action to recover damages for malicious prosecution.Mr. Purves for tbe plaintiff, Mr. Higinbotbam and Mr. Spensley for defendant.
Plaintiff James Ford is a farmer near Point Nepean, and the defendant is a contractor in the same neighbourhood. In September last Lovie was summoned to the Dromana Police Court for injuring a road in the charge of the Kangerong Road Board by digging and so deepening a watercourse that crossed the road.
Mr. Ford was accidentally in court during the hearing of the case, and he was called bv the clerk of the road board as a witness. He said that he was well acquainted with the road for 15 years.Latterly the watercourse appeared to be deeper. It had been dug, and the clay was thrown on the bank. Mr. Lovie was fined by the Bench on the charge preferred against him, and he shortly afterwards applied for summonses against all the witnesses against him for perjury. The clerk of the court and the justice endeavoured to dissuade him from
taking out summonses, as there was no reason to suspect perjury ; but he insisted, and a summons was issued against Mr. Ford and another witness.The case was heard at the Dromana Police Court, and was dismissed, the justices adding that Mr. Ford left the court without a stain on his character.

This action was then commenced against Lovie.The defence was that there was reasonable and probable cause for the prosecution, and a number of witnesses were examined for the defence to show that the creek had not been dug where it crossed the road. Lovie and one of his men admitted, however, that the bed
of the creek had been deepened up to the road and below the road, but they denied that the road was touched by them.
The jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, damages £100. (P.6, Argus, 6-3-1871.)

At Twelve O'clock. At Knipe's Exchange,12 Collins-street West
Without Reserve
By Order of P. J Wilson, Esq. , Mortgagee.
638 Acres LAND,
Described on Government Plan as Black Alluvial Soil, Permanent Water, also Containing Inexhaustible Limestone Quarries.
Near Township of Rye, Sorrento. Title-Crown Grant.
J.H. KNIPE is authorised to SELL by AUCTION, as above,
Freehold Property, Being Allotments 41,42,43, and part of 40*. Section A, on Government plan of the parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing
about 638 acres.
The Improvements consist of a good substantial fence enclosing each block of land separately.
Also, A comfortable homestead, and about 80 acres ploughed, ready for cropping.
The property is well known as John Lovie's Estate.
Title open for inspection etc. (P.2, Argus, 19-7-1876.)

I found references to John Lovie at Frankston, Fitzroy, Collingwood, Ballarat and in the Mordialloc Hunt letter at the start of this entry and I believe there is a link between all of them. There may also be a link with John Francis Taylor Lovie, an early 1900's pioneer of French Island, who established "Bonnie Doon".
One of the Lovie brothers named below was probably the father of J.F.T. Lovie and I guess that Taylor was the maiden name of his mother, or maybe, grandmother.
LOVIE.— On the 4th December, at Marong, Robert,the beloved uncle of Walter* Lovie. of Canning-street, Carlton, brother of the late John Lovie, of Keele-Street. Collingwood, also of the late Detective** Lovie, aged 65. Interred at Marong on the 5th December. (P.1, The Age, 6-12-1898.)

* If you want to turn a boy into a Wally all you have to do is name him Walter or Wallace! Notice that John's first baby registered at Tootgarook was Frank-short for Francis, the second given name of J.F.T. Lovie, whose son was named William Wallace Lovie.
View service records and place a tribute for William Wallace ...

*Before I discovered the relationship between the Wannaeue pioneer and the detective, I had a silent chuckle when I read that the detective had arrested a man named Ford and thought of the Ford v Lovie trial that cost John 100 quid.

There is no doubt that Susan Aumont married our Wannaeue pioneer. Notice that the first birth registered at Tootgarook (Rye) was in 1870. John received the grant for crown allotment 40B, section A, Wannaeue on 3-3-1869. He bought the other 638 acres on 24-8-1875. Lovie's Estate at Wannaeue was sold in 1876 and there are no prizes for guessing where he went- back to Collingwood, his other farm apparently having been sold too.

The death of little Mary in Frankston in 1867? Her father probably selected land there in 1867. On 10-6-1872, J. Lovie had been granted crown allotments 43-47, no section, parish of Frankston, a triangular 420 acres and 37 perches bounded by Wells Rd, Seaford Rd and Frankston-Dandenong Rd, the centre of which is indicated by Melway 99 H7.
(Google FRANKSTON, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON to get the parish map.

Why did I think the Lovie paddock was in the parish of Lyndhurst. The parish of Frankston ended at Seaford Rd-except that on Long Island it adjoined James McMahon's grant in the parish of Lyndhurst on which he built the Half-way House. On the same site today stands the Riviera Hotel.

LOVIE-AUMONT.-On the 29th ult., at St. Mark's Church, Collingwood, by the Rev. Mr. Barlow, Mr. John Lovie, of Aberdeen, Scotland, to Susan Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Louis Aumont, late of Jersey.(P.4, Argus, 1-8-1862.)

John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont - PhpGedView
John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont
Children (13 children)

Walter John Lovie (I2396)
Birth 1863 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1930 (Age 67) Age: 67 -- Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia

James Lovie (I2402)
Birth 1865 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
Death 1865 Age: 1 month -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Christine Ellen Lovie (I2403)
Birth 1866 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Mary Lovie (I2404)
Birth 1867 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia
Death 1867 Age: 1 day -- Frankston, Victoria, Australia

Alice Jessie Lovie (I2405)
Birth 1868 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia

Frank Lovie (I2406)
Birth 1870 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia
Death 1870 Age: 1 month -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

William Lovie (I2407)
Birth 1872 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Adela Lovie (I2408)
Birth 1875 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Robert Lovie (I2409)
Birth 1877 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Emily Matilda Lovie (I2410)
Birth 1879 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1880 (Age 12 months) Age: 18 months -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Florence Rosalie Lovie (I2411)
Birth 1881 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Louise Aumont Lovie (I2412)
Birth 1884 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Bertha Evelyn Lovie (I2413)
Birth 1887 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia


THE WANNAEUE MAP DIDN'T SUBMIT. Google WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON. John's grants partly fronted Browns and Truemans Rds.

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 11 months ago


This journal is based on my post of August 11, 2015 on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page, followed by many Hazledine descendants (who informed me that the usual "el" spelling, which I've deliberately left in the title of the post, is wrong.) At the time having conducted special rate research, I attempted to submit a journal but internet connection issues prevented this.

Joseph William Hazledine Jnr. married Lizzie, daughter of Rye's Michael Cain, and many Hazledine descendants still live in the area. One, John, wrote an article in the Rye Historical Society's White Cliffs which includes a photo of J.W.H.Jnr, his son (Neville) and grandson (John.)
'White Cliffs' - Rye Historical Society - Weebly
.... My father's name was Neville Joseph Hazledine.

From A Dreamtime of Dromana.
P.67. On 22-11-1888,Mr Hazeldine's black mare was served by George McLear's Gay Lad and left in the paddock with him. The horse was required in about a fortnight for drill practice. (G.McLear's account book.)
P.53-4. When H.B.Simon died, his house, which was situated about 230 yards above Boundary Rd, was purchased by the Shire Rate Collector, Mr Hazeldine, who moved it onto his land in Foote St, Dromana and with his family took up residence therein. His descendants occupied it until comparatively recently (stated Colin)when it was removed to make way for the new Roman Catholic Church.
P.166. Ticky Hazeldine was a member of the Dromana footy team in 1946 and is in the back row in this photo.
P.195.Ticky Hazeldine delivered meat orders on his horse and cart.

At the ordinary monthly meeting of the Shepparton Shire Council today a letter was received from Mr. Charles W. Morgan, of Echuca, on behalf of Mr. J. W. Hazeldine, State school teacher at Picola North, applying for the payment of £250 for a libel contained in a letter written by the secretary of the council to the Minister of Public Instruction in November, 1882, in connexion with rates due to the council. It was resolved to place the matter in the hands of the shire solicitor.(P.7, Argus, 3-7-1883.)

POULTRY.-Cochins-First, J. W. Hazeldine, Picola.Common Cochins-First, A. E. Kinsey; second. J.W. Hazeldine. Dorkings-First, J. W. Hazeldine.
White-crested Polish-First. A E. Kinsey. Polish (othervariety)-First, J. W. Hazeldine. Black Spanish-First, A E. Kinsey; second, J. W. Hazeldine. Bantams First, James Malono, Moama. Golden Hamburgs First. J. W. Hazeldine; seoond, T. Taylor. Silver Hauibunra-First, T. Taylor. Silver-spangled Hamburgs-first, J. W. Hazeldine; etc.(P.31, The Australasian, 15-8-1885.)

Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1889 p 9 Detailed Lists, Results, Guides
... — Benjamin White, 133 a., Kunat ICunat. Echuca, 29th October, at 10 a.m.— Joseph W. Hazeldine, 11 a., Picola,

The ordinary fortnightly meeting of the Literary Association was held on Monday
last in the Mechanics' Institute. The proceedings took the form of a mock parliamentary election. There were five candidates desirous of representing the electors of the County of Mornington. Messrs Brady and Wright stood in the Free trade interest, whilst Messrs Hazeldine and Heather were Protectionists, and Mr T.Chapman was the nominee of the Temperance party.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1889.)

When the late John Vans Agnew Bruce Jnr's northern portion of Jamieson's Special Survey (from coast to Bulldog Creek Rd between lines indicated by Ellerina Rd and Martha Cove Waterway) was advertised for sale, Joseph William Hazeldine, was the local agent.
It is part of the celebrated Jamieson's Special Survey, in the parish of Kangerong, and the land will be pointed out by the driver of the coach from Mornington to Dromana, or by Mr J. W. Hazeldine, electoral registrar and agent, Dromana. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-12-1901.)

Mornington Peninsula Football Association.
A meeting of delegates of the above Association was held at the Grand Hotel, Mornington, on Monday night last, the president (Mr L. Harrison) in the chair. The following delegates were also present :-Messrs W Odgers and T. Hutchins (Mornington), H.Firth and W. Monk Somerville), J.Griffith and Hazledine (Dromana), Oswin and Callanan (Balnarring), Pearce and Wilson (Hastings), H.Noble and McLaurin (Tyabb), A.Bartlett (Sorrento).
In the absence of Mr H. Menck (who is at present in ill-health), Mr Hazeldine was appointed secretary pro tern, on the motion of Messrs J. Griffith and H.Firth. etc. (P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 21-8-1909.)

DROMANA.-CORIO, superior Accommodation, near beach and golf-links; terms moderate; garage. Mrs. Hazeldine. (P.12, Argus, 28-3-1916)
So Joseph's wife, Mary Margaret Hazeldine (nee Hamilton?), former teacher, really did become a boarding house keeper!

The death occurred on Friday of Mr. Joseph William Hazeldine, aged 82 years, at his residence, Dromana. Mr. Hazeldine settled in the Dromana district 48 years ago and was a State school teacher at Rosebud for NINE* years. He was a teacher in the service of the Education Department for 28 years. Until his death he was registrar of births and deaths at Dromana. The funeral took place on Saturday. Requiem mass was celebrated by the Rev. Father O'Sullivan, who also read the burial service.
Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery**. The casket was carried by his six sons. The pall-bearers were Cr Wilson, Messrs. A. W. Farrell, L.Carrigg, J. Matthews, A. Cooper, B.Wilson, J. Moraes, and G. Brown. The funeral was conducted by Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston. Mr. Hazeldine leaves six sons and four daughters.(P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 30-8-1935.)

LOUIS ANDERSON AND JOSEPH WILLIAM HAZELDINE.--------Louis Anderson was appointed postmaster at Rosebud on 22-9- 1890, following the resignation of teacher Joseph William Hazeldene who started at Rosebud State School on 20-9-1886 and conducted a post office at the school (as he had done at Picola) from 38-3-1889 to September 1889, retiring as a teacher at the end of the year. "Although Louis Anderson was postmaster for the next seven years, regretably no one today has ever heard of him. Early records of the school show that the post office continued to be conducted from the school and the head teacher who replaced Mr Hazeldene at the beginning of the school year in 1891, Mr Frederick Cooper Green, was appointed postmaster on 11-5-1897 and continued in the role, despite the control of Post and Telegraph passing to the Commonwealth on March 1,1901, until he left the school at the end of 1901.
(The above would indicate that Joseph William Hazeldine was at Rosebud State School only for four years. However 48 years before 1935 would have been 1887 and he might have started at the school then. It is also possible that Mr Green started at Rosebud State School in 1897 and the last digit has been misread as a 1. However the latter theory is disproved by the following extract from the report of a Flinders and Kangerong Shire meeting.

A. G. Clayton, teacher, Flinders, wrote asking permission to re-open his school, which had been closed owing to prevalence of whooping cough.- There being no objection on the part of the health officer, the re-opening wassanctioned.
From F. Green, Rosebud, reporting two cases of whooping cough. Received.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 7-4-1892.)
The obituary indicates that Joseph's wife, Mary Margaret, had pre-deceased him so the information would have come from their children. It is possible that it was Mary Margaret Hazeldine who taught at Rosebud State School for nine years. Her occupation was given as teacher as late as the 1910-11 assessment (and perhaps in 1911-12 which I skipped) before her description changed to boarding house keeper in 1913-14.

These are the only Hazeldine details recorded from headstones.
HAZELDENE Barbara M 11/10/1941 9/08/1993 Hus Edwin
HAZLEDINE Robert Roy 18/08/1948 18/07/1993
HAZLEDINE Ronald Roy 6/05/1921 25/03/2000
HAZLEDINE Doris Lillian 2/03/1918 11/08/2002
It could be assumed that Mary Margaret was also buried at Dromana. Their headstone was probably destroyed by the terrible 1939 bushfire.

History - Rosebud Primary School
The Education Department announced in November 1886 that a school house with a teacher's residence attached would be built on the recently acquired land. The plan of this building was the standard design being built throughout Victoria in this era. It consisted of a 24 foot by 16 foot school room with iron gable roof and a small gabled front porch. A four-roomed teacher's residence was attached running at right angles to the school room. A skillion verandah ran the length of the dwelling. The whole building was clad in weatherboards.On April 7th, 1887 the school furniture was moved from the leased building and placed in the new schoolhouse. Presumably the Head Teacher, Mr Joseph Hazeldine, moved into the residence. He had four school-age children of his own enrolled at the school.
About this time, wandering cattle were a problem because they liked to sleep the night in the shelter of the school building. The school site was bare of vegetation and Mr Hazeldine promised to plant shelter trees if the Department would fence the property to keep out the cattle. In 1888 a split post fence with three rails was built around the school site. It had a large and small gate facing the Main Road and cost £26, half of which was paid with local funds.
A large rotting stump of a cypress tree just inside the front fence is all that remains of Mr Hazeldine's "shelter" trees.

Comment from Jenny Skelton.
Dad told me about a man called 'Ticky' Hazeldine when I showed him my form 2 photo from High school, he went on to say that 'Ticky' had heart problems, (thus the) nickname. He worked for my uncle Jack Wilson Butchers.
N.B. Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana shows that Ewart called one of his friends "Chap Hazie". This was probably one of Ticky's brothers.

We've seen one of Joseph's interests, which probably provided much eggscitement. He should have sought counsel before taking on this old adversary, but there again counsel WAS his adversary.
A chess match between two old antagonists, Mr Frank Counsel and Mr J.W. Hazeldine, which had been pending for some time was played last week. The conditions were the best 4 games out of 7. Mr Counsel proved too good
for his opponent, winning the first 4 out of 6. Mr T. Bryan acted satisfactorily as umpire. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-5-1898.)

One would assume that his pall bearers were among his closest friends,i.e.
Cr Wilson, Messrs. A. W. Farrell, L.Carrigg, J. Matthews, A. Cooper, B.Wilson, J. Moraes, and G. Brown. Cr Wilson would have been Henry Burdett Coutts Wilson whose son almost drowned at Dromana circa 1906 while he and Mr Townsend (who saved the boy using mouth to mouth half a century before it was invented) were building the slaughteryard shown on Melbourne Brindle's map. Henry took charge of the Sorrento butchering operation after acting as a footy umpire (as Joseph also did.) B.Wilson would have been Ben. A.W.Farrell served as Shire Secretary of the F & K and Mornington Shires; he is in the photo (displayed in the Dromana Museum) taken in 1928 when the Old Shire Office was first used. Lou Carrigg owned the Dromana Hotel from about 1914 and remodelled it in 1927; he was a stalwart of the Dromana Football Club and Joseph served as the club's delegate. James Matthews was an early builder who married a descendant of Sarah Wilson as detailed in Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND, and was badly injured. A. Cooper, whether the surname was spelt Cooper or Couper, was probably a Rosebud pioneer. (Ramsay and Nora Couper were early owners of The Thicket.) John Lima Moraes may have been another Cape Verde Islander; In 1910 he was farming on 10.5 acres on 31A Wannaeue (southern portion of Rosebud Public Golf Course) and in 1919 he was also farming another 53 acres nearby, possibly William Hobley's grant, now occupied by Firway Grove and Burunda Rd. G.Brown was possibly a son of Charles Brown who was running the Arthurs Seat hotel when it burnt down in early 1898.

When Joseph retired from teaching and moved to Dromana, possibly in early 1897,he leased crown allotments 1 and 3 of section 2, Township of Dromana from J.F.Hughes of Castlemaine. Crown allotment 3 had a 20 metre frontage to both Foote St and McArthur St starting 40 metres from the Esplanade and was granted to Alexander Haldan on 16-11-1859. Crown allotment 1 on the western corner of the Esplanade and Foote St was purchased from the crown by R.Walker and W.D.Scurfield on 10-5-1858 but had probably been sold at a tidy profit to Haldan soon afterwards because Alex. was running the township's post office by the end of 1858. Scurfield's hotel was erected at the same time on the east side of Foote St and being run by Richard Watkin (who later established the Dromana Hotel in 1862)by the end of 1858, in conjunction with selling Arthurs Seat timber.

In the mid 1880's, there was a petition organised by George McLear to extend the township's eastern boundary from McCulloch St toward the pier but such a formality wasn't needed when Walter Gibson took over the position of post master and constructed a granite post office fronting the Esplanade not far west from Pier St and Rudduck's Jetty Store. The Haldans ran a guest house called Dromana Villa in the old post office. The building was later owned by George Dawes, who used to buy gold, but he had a serious accident and sold it to Hughes.

So it was Dromana's original post office, probably enlarged to become a guest house, which the Hazledines occupied from 1897 until 1902 when Joseph's name was written under occupant but then crossed out. Melbourne Brindle noted that pre-1918 the house was called Carnavon and occupied by Ricketts, later Hughes.The house survived until the 1950's when it was replaced by a granite house called Carnarvon. The Flemmings found many ink wells in the garden; there weren't biros 1858-1886! A modern building now stands on the west corner of Foote St where the Hazledines first lived in Dromana but the second Carnarvon was not demolished, instead being extended with a granite wall still visible under the carport.

In 1903, Mrs J.W.Hazledine was assessed on 5 lots and building, Dromana. The 1907 rates describe Mary Margaret Hazledine as a teacher who was assessed on 3 lots Foote St, while Joseph, who'd apparently sold 8 acres to Nelson Rudduck, was leasing, or had maybe bought, 11 acres (McRae, sic Estate) from law firm, Stribble. Some of McCrea's land was the site of their second house, "Corio", H.B.Simon's old house.

It is mentioned above that in 1906-7 Joseph William Hazeldine was assessed on 11 township lots, a note indicating that this was the McRae Estate.Early in my research, I thought Dr McCrae might have been Dr Farquhar McCrae, the brother of Andrew McCrae of the Arthurs Seat Run. I now know that it was this fellow.

Biography - William McCrea - Australian Dictionary of ...
William McCrea (1814-1899), medical administrator and naval surgeon, was born on 14 October 1814 in County Tyrone, Ireland. His father died before William.
I will not detail the location of all of his grants in Dromana Township, just the ones in connection with the boarding house.
Mary Margaret Hazeldine, boarding housekeeper, 1.5 acres and building,crown allotments 7,8,10 section 1.
Section 1 was bounded by the beach road, Permien St,Clarendon St and Foote St. Many blocks near the Beach Road were granted to William Dixon Scurfield whose hotel was being run by Richard Watkin by 1858. Crown allotment 7, 8 and 10 were granted to Dr William McCrea in August 1856.
C/A10 had frontages of 50 metres to the north side of Clarendon St and 40 metres to the east side of Foote St. Lots 8 and 7, each having a frontage of 20 metre to both Foote and Permien Sts were north west of lot 10 (and 9 on the Clarendon/ Permien corner.) Lot 10 is now the site of Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church, the new Catholic Church for which the Hazeldine home was demolished, that is, the former home of Henry Bernard Simon mentioned at the start of this post. As seen above in an advertisement, the boarding house was called "Corio".

Melbourne Brindle's map calls this "Chap" Hazeldine's house. In the middle of lots 8 and 7 is a cross linked by an arrow to the following text: SCENE OF THE CHAFF CUTTING CONTEST OF THE CENTURY. OLD "DAD" (NOT TOO BRIGHT) WAS THE VICTIM - CHAP HAZEY WAS THE MASTER-MIND!

HAZELDINE. — On the 13th November, at her residence,"'Corio," Dromana, Mary M., the dearly beloved wife of Joseph W. Hazledine, and loving mother of Mrs. Hurrey (New Zealand), Joe, Mrs. Fleming, Bert,Norman, Reg, Queenie, Lewis, Mary and Jack: aged 58 years. R.I. P.
Immaculate heart of Mary,
Your prayers for her extol.
Oh, Sacred Heart of Jesus,
Have mercy on her soul.
(P.5,Tribune, Melbourne, 23-11-1916.)


Royce—Horsley,—On 28th April, at Burwell, Neil street, by the father of the bridegroom, assisted by Rev. Wm. Williams, Arthur, second son of the Rev.J. S. H. Royce, of Sale, to Alice, second daughter of Wm. Horsley, Ballarat.(P.2, The Ballarat Star, 22-5-1886.)

ROYCE.-On the 10th inst., accidentally drowned at Cape Schanck Thomas William Arthur, son of
Rev J.S.H.Royce, of Geelong, aged 30 years. (P.1, Argus, 21-1-1893.)

Poor pregnant Alice was hoping for a miracle!
ROYCE. —On the 10th inst., accidentally drowned at Cape Schanck, Thomas William Arthur, the beloved husband of Alice V. Royce, Geelong Ladies' College, aged 30. (P.1, Argus, 24-1-1893.)

ROYCE. —On the 8th inst., at 205 Yarra street, the wife of the late T. W. A. Royce—a son.
(P.1, Argus, 14-8-1893.)

itellya NEVER GIVES UP. My Brady (FACEBOOK) post on PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA resulted from chance discoveries made while I was looking for an article that changed my mind about how the families of William John Brady and Rose Roberts became acquainted. I'd originally assumed that the two families met because the Brady family's Mount Evergreen (Melway 254 D1) was near the Roberts' grant (Crown allotment 1C, section A, Parish of Flinders, granted to C.Roberts on 21-7-1890) at 255 B1. However John and Hannah Roberts had spent much time at Geelong and since F. Brady (now obviously Frederick George Holland Brady, born in 1866, aged about 26 at about the time of the following tragedy and later a Presbyterian minister and missionary) was teaching at Geelong, it became most likely that the two families became acquainted in Geelong.
It took me about three years to find the proof that Dromana's much-loved medico, Watson Eaton, had never received any medical training and I still haven't found his testimony that he'd never attended University. It looked as if I'd never find the article about the tragedy near Cape Schanck which revealed that young Brady was a teacher at Geelong. Constant changes of search terms on trove (e.g. BRADY TEACHER GEELONG; BRADY ROSEBUD; HEADMASTER DROWNED) brought no results until I tried BRADY MOUNT EVERGREEN.

Yesterday morning the news of the death by drowning of Mr Thos. W.A.Royce, principal of the Geelong Ladies' College in Ryrie-street east, caused a general expression of deep regret. The lamentable occurrence was known to several gentlemen in Geelong late on Thursday night, but the sad intelligence was not communicated to the relatives until yesterday morning.

The first intimation of the unfortunate affair was communicated from Cape Schanck lighthouse, situated about 20 miles to the eastward of Port Phillip Heads, when it was reported by telegraph that a man was seen drifting out to sea, and the alarm bell at Queenscliff was tolled to attract the attention of the life-boat crew.
The facts connected with the sad event were elicited from Mr F. Brady, one of the masters engaged at the Junior Grammar School, who returned last evening from the scene of the accident. The late Mr Royce, about ten days since, went with Mr Brady to his father's farm at Mount Evergreen, situated between Dromana and Mount Schanck, about 10 miles from the coast, to pass a portion of the school holidays.

He spent a very pleasant time in the locality, and intended returning to Geelong on Wednesday last, but there not being any steamer crossing from Dromana on that day a party was made up for an outing to the coast on Thursday. About noon on the last named day a brother of Mr Brady (either William John, born 1862 or Obadiah Whitfield, born 1864, there being no other brothers), a friend named Ruddock (Rudduck), Mr Royce, and a fourth gentleman whose name has not transpired, went into the sea to have a bath at a site three miles on the Point Nepean side of Cape Schanck.

The place selected for the swim was a deep crescent shaped inlet in the rocks, beyond which was a ledge of rocks lashed by the waves, the intervening space forming a deep channel through which there was an exceptionally strong current. The four swimmers, with the view of reaching the outer rocks, ventured to cross the channel, but soon found that the current was too strong for them and all but Mr Royce were able to regain the still water in the rocky crescent. Poor Mr Royce, as he was swept down the channel, vainly cried for assistance, and his companions made an effort to rescue him but were driven back again owing to the force of the current, one of them narrowly escaping the fate of the rapidly disappearing schoolmaster.

For several minutes Mr Royce was observed struggling on the tops of the waves, and finally he was lost to view. A close search was made along the coast for the unfortunate swimmer, and his friends had to reluctantly conclude that he had been drowned, and whilst two members of the party gave information of the affair to the lighthouse keeper at Cape Schank; young Brady rode off towards Mount Evergreen, and meeting his brother, Mr F. Brady, made him acquainted with the accident.

Parties were at once formed for searching the coast line in the hope that Mr Joyce might have been washed ashore, but up to last night no tidings of the missing swimmer had been received, and our Queenscliff correspondent wired-" There is nothing known here about the man drowned near Cape Schanck on Thursday. It is impossible for the body to be found at Queenscliff, owing to the prevailing winds, which are westerly."

The late Mr Royce, who was 30 years of age, was married to Miss Horsley, of Ballarat, who has been left with five children, the youngest being a baby in arms. The deceased gentleman was the second eldest son of the Rev. J. S. H.Royce, of Yarra-street south, a superannuated clergyman of the Wesleyan denomination. He was a student of Wesley College, Melbourne, and afterwards completed his education at the Melbourne University. For a considerable period he was one of the masters of the Geelong Scotch College,and after leaving that scholastic institution he became one of the masters in the Ballarat Ladies' College, under Mr Buley?, the principal of that college.

When Mr M'Burney? was retiring some years since from the Geelong Ladies' College, in Gheringhap-street, the institution was taken in hand by the late Mr Royce, and the school was subsequently removed to premises in Myers-street, vacated by Mr W. F. Ducker, and a few months since the college was removed to a handsome villa at the corner of Ryrie and Swanston streets. The late Mr Royce was one of the trustees of the Yarra-street Wesleyan church, and was a firm adherent of the Wesleyan denomination and frequently officiated as a local preacher.He took a great interest in all educational matters, and acted as secretary of the University Extension lectures, and he has filled the position of a member of the Geelong Free Library.
(P.3, Geelong Advertiser, 21-1-1893.)

As my correction of digitisation in the article missed a few mistakes and you can bet that funny things will happen to apostrophes etc when I submit, Royce researchers should send me a F.T.C. private message asking me to email the proper correction of text to you.


I wrote the following as a post on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page. Send me a F.T.C. private message if you need information referred to as being in other posts.

The subdivision bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Parkmore Rd, South Rd and Adams Ave. has been mentioned before in relation to the Adams family and will not be dealt with here. This post arises from two chance discoveries. The first is testimony given by Mrs De Garis after her husband faked his first suicide and the second is W.F.Vale's sale of the unsold portions of Woolcott's estate, which I have been trying to find for ages.
Charles Blakey had bought crown allotment 18 between the line of Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd prior to 1875 and tried to subdivide the 152 acres but only sold the 2 acre lot 86 on the FJ's corner. Bullocky Bob White knew about this when he bought his 150 acres but the purchase of the corner block was not registered in the titles office. This led to the Lake brothers trying to eject Jack Jones circa 1890, which has been mentioned before. The Bamfords and the Pottons later owned the farm about which Peter Wilson wrote a chapter called Henry Potton's Farm in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. He included much detail about De Garis but the chance discovery provides information given by his distraught wife (nee Austin) not found in Peter's book or other articles.

Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926) Wednesday 7 January 1925 p 5 Article

Woolcott apparently subdivided crown allotment 17, the land between Jetty Rd. and the line of Norm Clark Walk, in about 1877. George and Susan Peatey bought lot 76 of just over 2 acres in 1878 with a loan from Nelson Rudduck and occupied it 10 years later when they paid off the loan.
By 1900 the Commercial Bank had 84 of the 129 acres and in 1910, Henry Bucher 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns lots 29-32, Rosebud Ted Cairns lots 49-54 which he'd just sold to Alf Hansen (*sic) and lot 74, Henry George Chapman 2 lots, the Coburns lots 57-60, Alf Hansen (sic) lots 23, 24, 75, 77, 79, John McConchie lots 37-40, Robert Cairns lots 5 and 6, Mrs Susan Peatey lot 76, Mary B.Stone (a.k.a. Polly Vine) lots 25-28 and Vale** 84 acres. John Fallow had lot 80, and Mrs J.Spensley 4 lots.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1909 p 21 Advertising
(*The early Rosebud map notes that Alf Hansen (sic) built the first shop on the Clacton-on-Sea Estate as a land sales office. Alf (1884-1960) was the fifth child of Hans Christian Hanson and Ellen (nee Olson) from Norway who owned "Alpine Chalet" at the north end of Tucks Rd from about 1887. Alf married Frances Ada Elizabeth Purves, a descendant of the real Tootgarook pioneering Purves. MEMORIES OF A LARRIKIN is the biography of his son Hec,, written by Petronella Wilson.)
(**The Vale family had been involved in Peninsula affairs since the 1850's when a letter was written about the splendid opportunities offered in the parish of Moorooduc near Schnapper Point.
P. 7, Argus, 27-12-1855.
Vale bought much land in Mornington, hence Vale St, and later owned Dalkeith near the Mornington turn off. This passed to his daughter Phyllis, Mrs Jackson, who also owned the Boniyong Stud south of the junction of Jetty and Browns Rd, the subject of another post.)


John was a pioneer of the Tootgarook area that I'm sure nobody knew about. The only thing I knew about him was that he was not Lord (or Baron) Clyde's brother but that in 1869,it was assumed by the press that he would inherit the prize money won by Colin Campbell,who was born Colin M'Liver. The surname was actually McLiver but often appeared in newspapers with the apostrophe. He must have been related in some way to Baron Clyde whose father's name was John McLiver. The following is my attempt to provide details about John before and after the widespread publicity in 1869 but I can't guarantee that all references are to the same person.

DAVID HOWELL and Thomas B. Young will hear of imports I have by sending their address to John M'Liver, Williamstown Post Office.(P.1, Argus, 5-10-1853.)

Sir,- Allow us to draw your attention to proceedings that took place at the Police Court,Swanston-street, this afternoon. We attended there to obtain a form of application for a carrier's licence, when a police officer
informed us there were no printed forms to be had. We were leaving, when a carrier, Edward Rowland, of Preston, came out to get change to pay for a form the police officer had written out for him at a charge of 2s. 6d. We told Edward Rowland the charge was only 1s. He stated to the officer the charge was only 1s, when the
officer said; "You may go and get one where you can." We then applied at tho office on tho left hand side of the entrance, and there obtained the printed forms at 1s. each.
We are, Sir, your humble servants, JNO. MARRIOTT,JOHN M'LIVER. 251 Elizabeth-street, Melbourne.
(P.6, Argus, 23-5-1859.)

FOR SALE, a young HORSE, three years old, from Van Dieman's Land. John M'Liver, Armstrong's Stables.
(P.8, Argus, 20-6-1859.)

FOUR-ROOMED verandah COTTAGE, newly built, quarter-acre garden, to LET, at Benevolent Asylum, foot Spencer-Street, rent low. John M'Liver,251 Elizabeth-street.(P.1, Argus, 24-9-1859.)

Contract Accepted. â Extras on John M'Liver's contract, No. 817 of 1860, for fencing batteries at Sandridge, £20, John M'Liver. (P.5,The Age, 7-11-1860.)

...; Sydney and Heathcote roads, erection of mile-posts,£24, John M'Liver; Melbourne district, erection
of mile-posts, £43 15s., John M'Liver ; (P.5,Argus,26-1-1861.)

erection of mile-posts, £52 8s, John M'Liver. Melbourne to Ballaarat :(P.7,The Age, 1-1-1862.)

Mr John M'Liver entered a protest against the selection , Ellen Cecil of lots 4 of sec. 2, and 1 2 of sec. 8, she being under age. (P.25,Leader, 6-4-1867.)

M'LIVER-MAHONY.-On thE 4th ult., at St. Francis',John M'Liver, Kingston, Canada West, to Mary Mahony, Killcommon, Tipperary, Ireland. (P.4,Argus, 3-3-1868.)

The Herald of Saturday states:â"At the present moment a tiller of the soil is about to proceed to Europe to enforce his claim as next of kin to the late Lord Clyde, better known as Sir Colin Campbell. M'Liver, the free selector on Boneo, in the district of Tootgarook, who for some time has been, content to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, bursts suddenly upon us as the heir-presumptive to the son of Mr John M'Liver, of Glasgow, and; who entered the army as Ensign Campbell in 1808, and who in 1858 was created a peer by the title of Lord Clyde. From what we hear it seems probable that the Australian M'Liver, who until now has been satisfied with the benefits conferred upon him under the 42nd clause of the Land Act, will be able to substantiate his claim to the accumulated prize-money of the hero of Chillianwallah; Alma, and Lucknow.
(P.2s, The Ballarat Star, 30-8-1869.)

Richard Dwyer, a somewhat elderly man, was charged with having stolen a £l note from the dwellinghouse of John
M'Liver, residing near Dromana. He had taken the money during the absence of the prosecutor from his house, and concealed it in his necktie, where it was found upon his being arrested. The note was fully identified by the prosecutor. The prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment. (P.4, Argus, 2-3-1870.)

Letters received-; From Mr..E. M. T. O'Halloran, solicitor,Queen-street, Melbourne forwarding a second application on behalf of Mr. John M'Liver for payment of £283 3s 6d., balance due for work and labour, and intimating that unless the amount with costs was paid within one week proceedings would be instituted against the council.-Cr. Johnston explained that M'Liver had entered into a contract to complete certain work for a
certain sum; the work had not been completed to the satisfaction of the borough inspector, and fresh tenders haIl been invited at his (M'Liver's) risk. He moved that the balance of the contract, less the amount paid to the Second contractor, be paid to Mr. M'Liver. (ST KILDA COUNCIL.The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 23 December 1871 p 3 Article)

John M'Liver, farmer, of Villiers-street, Hotham. Causes of insolvency : High rent and bad crops. Liabilities, £92 5s.; assets, £51 ; deficiency, £41 5s.(P.3,The Age,22-9-1875.)

Tbe following forfeited lands will be open
for selection on and after Friday, Nov. 19 Wanraue-John McLiver, 140 acres.

Friday, 6th October.(Before Judge Noel.) Certificates (of discharge from insolvency)were granted to ...; John M'Liver,Hotham, farmer;etc. (P.6, The Age, 7-10-1876.)

Benalla, 9th December.â .. Shepparton. llth December.â John M'Liver, 192a.,Arcadia.(P.9, Leader,6-12-1884.)

At the Hawthorn Court on Tuesday, before Messrs. Walsh (chairman), Wallis(mayor),Harbison, Nichol, and Stackpole, a man named John M'Liver was charged with assaulting Ann M'Ewen and trespassing on her premises. He was also sued for £12 rent. According to the complainant's story, the defendant, who resided formerly at Malvern, came to her house at Glen Iris, and asked permission to place cattle in her paddock for a fortnight, promising to pay £12. He made proposals to lease her farm, but on referring to her landlord's agents she was refused permission to sub-let. Defendant had meanwhile taken up his abode with her. When requested to leave he not only refused to do so, but broke into the house, assaulted thecomplainant, and turned her furniture out.

In cross-examination by Mr. Gillott for the defence, Mrs. M'Ewen swore that she did not put her mark to a document produced, which proported to be a receipt for a payment by M'Liver on account of improvements purchased from her, and which it was represented would alter the aspect of the case.The point-blank denial of the complainant resulted in the case being adjourned, in order to allow of a witness being brought who, it
was alleged, saw her make her mark upon it. (P.10,Argus,1-4-1885.)

IMPOUNDED at Williamstown, June 10th, 1886, by John M'Liver. Trespass, ld. each.N.B.John was not the poundkeeper. (P.3, Williamstown Chronicle,19-6-1886.)



Lime Land Leisure gives a few details of this pioneering Tootgarook family and unfortunately many are wrong. So rather than start at the very beginning of my findings, I will start at the end; a seventeen page Trueman genealogy supplied to me by Heather Spunner, the wife of James Trueman’s great grandson, Graeme Spunner. The whole of this will be provided to the Rye Historical Society but my summary will begin at page 3.
The family moved around but within the county of Wiltshire. Jeffrey was born in All Cannings in 1719 and died there in 1791, likewise for his son, Thomas, (1743-1810). His son, Thomas, was born at the same village in 1774 but married at Collingbourne Ducis in 1799 and died there in 1841. His son, William, (1800-1870) entered and left the world in this new village. It is of interest that his wife was Jane Bennett, whom he married in 1822. I wonder if Jane was the aunt of Tom Bennett, a peninsula pioneer, and if Tom arranged for James Trueman to come to Tootgarook as a labourer indentured to James Purves. There is little evidence that James would have been able to pay for his passage.
The family seems to have been locked into poverty. Jeffrey was buried by the parish because he had insufficient funds. The same generosity was required for the burial of his son, Thomas’s wife, Elizabeth. William Trueman, Jane and their six children were the recipients of charity from the parish of Collingbourne Ducis in 1837, when money was raised to buy coal for the poor of the parish.
Their first child was James Trueman, born 16-6-1822 in Chute, Wiltshire, which seems to have been Jane’s home village as she died there in 1865. Some of his sisters were Ann, Elizabeth, Ellen and Sarah; I have included them here because no death details have been supplied and one of them could have been the grandmother of the mysterious Mrs Libbis.
James was described as an agricultural labourer in the 1841 Census. He married Jane Cook (b.1827 in Collingbourne Kingston, Wilts.) on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, and in 1851 they were living in Maddington, Wilts. Their first child, Annie, died after living just one month, all 38 days in Collingbourne Ducis. George Trueman was born on 2-3-1852 in Maddington and Henry was born in the same place on 30-9-1855.
Thus when James and Jane boarded the Sabrina at Southampton on 24-1-1857, they had two boys with them, but unfortunately young Henry was destined never to see their new home. He died near the Cape of Good Hope on 10-3-1857. Their passage was swift and they arrived at Hobson’s Bay on 13-4-1857. George must have preferred the open road to farming; he was listed as a carter and James was not impressed with his work on the farm and overlooked him when dividing his grant. He died on 10-10-1932, apparently a bachelor. The other five children were:
SARAH b.1857 Pt Nepean, d.1936 Dromana. Married Charles Moat 1891.
ELLEN b. 1858 Tootgarook, d.1899 Parramatta. Married Henry John Cook.
THOMAS b.1863 Tootgarook, d.1925 Dromana. Married Matilda Elizabeth Geary 1899.
WILLIAM b.20-3-1866 Tootgarook, d.1949 in Wangaratta. Married Elsie George 1901.
JOHN b.1870 Tootgarook, d.1943 in Sorrento. Apparently a bachelor.

Thomas and Matilda had two daughters:
Gladys Emeline Nellie b. 1901, married Andrew Seator in 1932.
Bertha Matilda b. 1906 Pt Nepean, d.1985 Caulfield. Married Lester Brooksbank 1941.

William and Elsie had four children:
Albert Edward b.1902 Tootgarook, d. 1975 Tootgarook
Married Florence Annie Dark 1921.
William b.and d. at Tootgarook 1904.
Frederick James b. 16-1-1908 Pt Nepean, d. 3-11-1959 Sydney.
Married 1. Olive Runciman:child-Linda (McKay)
2. Zita Muriel Hunter at Auburn NSW in 1942.
Nellie May Trueman b. 4-7-1911, d. 27-4-1967 Melb.
Married Frank Ernest Spunner 18-7-1931 Sorrento.

James Trueman died in 16-4-1904 at Pt Nepean and was buried at Rye Cemetery. His wife, Jane died in 1908 at Pt Nepean. It is likely that the cash-strapped government had dispensed with the registrar at Rye so that deaths had to be notified at the quarantine station. As Thomas had the part of the Trueman property bought by Raymond Guest and Thomas died in 1925, I wonder which family member occupied the farm until c.1948. Was it Mrs Libbis?

James Trueman was granted lot 47 in the parish of Wannaeue (consisting of 112 acres) on 5-7-1877. It was on the west side of Truemans Rd, between farms granted to S.Stenniken, near the beach road, and Robert Rowley Snr. It is possible that James had selected the land at least a decade earlier. Linda McKay has confirmed that family folklore has it that James ran some sort of taproom or hotel on the Purves’ Tootgarook Station, which adjoined his farm at the midline of Morris and Keith Streets.
The following information was supplied by Linda McKay of Rosebud, who is a Trueman descendant, and lived on the property until 1938.
It is not known whether the Truemans had a lime kiln but it is likely that James was quarrying limestone on his property. He donated limestone for the building of the Anglican church in Rye (still standing in Lyons St opposite the cemetery, and heritage-listed.) According to LIME, LAND, LEISURE, their neighbours to the north, the Stennikens, did so too.
Some of James Trueman’s children were William T., Thomas, John, George, Ellen and Sarah. The Moat family obviously supplied details of Sarah’s marriage for Lime Land Leisure. (See MOAT-TRUEMAN in the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry.)
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. Details about Charles and their children, and possibly Sarah, can be found on pages 27, 35, 47, 52, 54, 55 and 61 of RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 by Patricia Appleford.

I believe that a female member of the Trueman family married and gave her daughter the Christian names: Stella Elizabeth Trueman, and that the latter married Ernest William Libbis.
ERNEST WILLIAM LIBBIS, late of Rosebud, guest house proprietor deceased-
After14 days Stella Elizabeth Trueman Libbis of Rosebud, widow, the executrix appointed by the deceased’s will (dated the 23rd July, 1945) will apply to the Supreme Court for grant of probate of the said will, leave being reserved to Ernest Charles Libbis of Rosebud, concreter, the executor appointed thereby, to come in and approve the same at any time. James P.Ogge LL.B Solicitor, 165 Greville St, Prahran.

Mrs S.Libbis was running the Narooma Guest House (Rosebud) in 1947-8 according to John Berry’s accommodation index. It is interesting that Narooma was the town in which Fred Trueman settled in N.S.W. His daughter, Pam Shepherd, is still in Fred’s house.
William T.Trueman married Elsie who died at the age of 54. The details of her death were reported in the Argus. On Monday, 18 February, 1935, Elsie was driving a jinker along Pt Nepean Rd when the horse bolted and she was thrown out of the jinker striking her head. It says much about the volume of traffic in those days that Emily was “found” unconscious. Once alerted, William and his son in law, Frank Spunner, rushed Emily to Melbourne but she had died and the hospital would not accept her body. Think of the sad return trip that William and Frank would have made! As there was no grave available, Elsie was buried at Rye Cemetery with Thomas Trueman who had died in 1925.
There is more interesting detail about Emily but first I will mention their children. Frank Spunner had married their daughter, Nellie. The Spunner family had started as limeburners with a kiln near the foreshore (front beach), just on the Melbourne side of Hughes Rd but some time after 1920 some members had occupied land south of Eastbourne, probably on land granted to Lovie and occupied for many decades by the Crichtons of Glen Lee. This was not far from the Trueman property, which would explain the family connection.
A son of William and Emily found a wife in much the same sort of way that his father had. His name was Fred and he was the father of my wonderful informant Linda McKay. The telephone line was being installed in about 1932 and a chap called Jim Black had come down from Melbourne for this reason, bringing his wife Silvia (Runciman). Fred befriended Jim and was rather taken by beautiful Silvia when he first saw her. He asked jokingly, “Any more like that where she comes from?” Jim probably answered that Silvia’s sister Olive was a bit of a sort too. Fred had probably been too busy growing vegetables (with pumpkins being his principal crop) to have time for womanizing so here was a heaven-sent opportunity.
Fred and Olive married but in 1938 they separated and Olive took Linda back to Melbourne to live with Grandma Runciman. Linda probably appreciated being able to walk without having to look down-for snakes. Their abundance was one of her main memories of the farm.
During the war, Fred was apparently involved in running the Corowa P.O.W. camp where the famous break-out occurred. Fred stayed in N.S.W. and a daughter from his second marriage, Pam Shepherd, lives in Fred’s old house in Narooma. Now back to how Linda’s grandfather, William, met Elsie. There is no timeline on the following yet, but for some reason William’s brother, Thomas, (I suspect, much older) was at Beechworth. Because of the lack of markets, farmers had to leave the farm to earn money and perhaps Thomas was working alongside Hans Christian Hanson (Red Hill pioneer of 1887) “ a bridge building contractor and carpenter, who worked on all the bridges between Melbourne and Bright”. (Memoirs of a Larrikin P.9.)
Now, if there had been TV and programs such as Farmer Meets a Wife (or what ever they call it), the Trueman men might have left more descendants and information, but I think you’ll agree that Linda is doing a pretty good job of having this pioneering family recognized. In Beechworth, Thomas met Matilda, and (after he waltzed her-sorry, my humour gets out of hand after 1am) they married. Having a daughter of about 19, Matilda was no spring chicken. Thus Thomas arrived back at the farm with a wife and a grown-up stepdaughter. William seized this heaven-sent opportunity and married Emily.
John Trueman had severe arthritis and according to LIME LAND LEISURE was practically bedridden. After knocking over a lamp, he was unable to escape the resulting fire and died from his burns.
Rate records.
1864,65. Nil. James was probably running the tap room at Tootgarook Station and managing it while the Purves attended to their other properties* and traveled to Melbourne with horses to sell at Kirk’s Bazaar and for other purposes, which Hollinshed dwells on.) *See Purves entry.

1879.James Trueman (leasing from Crown) 112 acres. The grant was issued on 18-7-1877! See what I mean about errors being perpetuated in rate books through copying the previous year’s entries?
1900. James Trueman 125 (sic) acres.
1910. Thomas Trueman Rye farmer, 62 ½ (sic) acres 31b (sic)
William Trueman, Rye farmer, 62 ½ (sic) acres 31b (sic)
1920. Thomas Trueman, Rye, 56 acres, part crown allotment 47
William Trueman, Rye, 56 acres, part crown allotment 47.
See what I mean about errors being perpetuated? They had it right by 1920.
Unfortunately the microfiched rate records end at 1920, but as has been shown, at least half of lot 47 was farmed until 1938. The Stenniken grant had been offered for subdivision in 1920. (See STENNIKEN entry.)

The following information about the Truemans comes from Nell Arnold’s “RYE: A BOOK OF MEMORIES.”
It is understood that the first inn in the Rye area was the Tootgarook Inn built by James Trueman and dating from the early 1850’s.
The first building on the site of St Andrew’s Anglican church was a limestone hall built in 1866 that served as a school and a place of worship (probably shared by different denominations like Dromana’s Union Church). By the time it became a State School, it was in need of serious repair and when part of a wall fell down, schooling continued in a room attached to John Campbell’s hotel. A new school on the present site commenced in 1875.
There is a claim in LIME LAND LEISURE that the Stennikens donated limestone for the Church of England. Yet Nell Arnold backs up Linda McKay’s claim that the Truemans donated it. Can both claims be correct? With the original building no longer needed as a school, it was demolished in 1875 and the limestone blocks (probably donated by Stennikens circa 1865) supplemented by limestone donated by James Trueman (circa 1875) were used to construct the original portion of the present church.
The two small brass vases (very heavy) are in memory of Elsie Trueman, relative (ie. daughter in law and grand daughter in law!) of James Trueman. As she was the wife of William, she was a daughter in law and because she was the daughter of Thomas’s wife she was a grand daughter!
W.Trueman was in Rye Cricket Club’s first published team list of season 1890-1.

We must thank Marie of Tootgarook for the following information, given to her by Raymond Guest, who was her hairdresser in Canterbury. Raymond’s father, was also a hairdresser and looked after many TV stars including Panda, Graham Kennedy’s famous barrel girl on In Melbourne Tonight. He bought part of the Trueman grant in about 1948, probably after the Libbis will of 1945 had been finalized, and it is likely that the will involved Thomas Trueman’s 56 acres. See the GUEST entry for further details. I have managed to contact Raymond Guest and he has sent me a subdivision plan of the ALMARAY ESTATE (named after his parents, Alma and Ray.) Ray alerted me to neighbouring land being owned by a Mr Doig and another speculative phone call resulted in contact with Ron Doig and his wife, both local history enthusiasts.

(The following comes from Ronald Doig, whose mother was a Rowley.)
In 1939 Henry Doig bought part of James Trueman’s grant, most likely William Trueman’s 56 acres, which had passed to Fred. When Fred and Olive separated, Fred had probably sold the property before going to New South Wales because Henry Doig bought his land from Mrs Murkett. See the DOIG entry for details.
Streets on the Trueman grant are named after the Guest and Doig families.

No members of the Trueman or Libbis families are listed in The Sands and McDougall directories of 1950 for Rosebud, Rosebud West or Rye. However the ACCOMMODATION entry near the beginning of this work shows that Mrs S.Libbis was running the Narooma Guest house in the summer of 1947-8.
It is now clear that James Trueman built his house close to the boundary between his farm and James Purves’ Tootgarook Station. One would expect that he would have built it near the government road (Truemans Rd); the fact that he built it at the back of the block indicates that HE WAS WORKING ON Purves’ Tootgarook PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHT. It was this house that Thomas later occupied, and his 56 acre farm was subdivided by Alma and Ray Guest as the Almaray Estate. The Trueman house pictured in Joseph Dubois’ historical newspaper belonged to William Trueman and his son Fred. Harry Doig’s family lived in this house and Ron Doig’s photo (taken during their time there) shows little change except for the addition of iron ornamentation on the veranda. The Doig farm was subdivided as the Oceanaires Estate.
Finally, Ron Doig has confirmed that James Trueman’s taproom on the Tootgarook Station was the building that became the Bright family’s home. The Brights had a portion of Tootgarook Station,450 acres of which was the Jennings’ Rye Park.
The following detail comes from “Lime Land Leisure”.
James Trueman married Jane somebody. They had sons named Tom, William, George and John. A daughter, Sarah, married Charles Moat. Their marriage was said to have been the second performed at St Andrews Church of England ie. in 1875. They had a son named William, who married (Ada Campbell. This is wrong; William Moat married Ada Elizabeth Myers!)
Thomas Trueman married Matilda in 1899. William married Matilda’s daughter, Elsie.Their daughter, Gladys, married a son of Edward Williams of Chinamans Creek (Eastbourne.) Another daughter was named Bertha. Wrong! Gladys and Bertha were daughters of Thomas Trueman and Gladys married Andrew Seator.
Although the mystery of the Trueman-Libbis connection is yet to be solved, some great genealogical detail has been supplied by Heather Spunner of Berrigan, N.S.W.
James Trueman married Jane Cook on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire. Their first child was born in September 1850 but died in October. George was born on 2-3-1852 and had much more luck, living for eighty years before dying in Prahran in 1932. Henry was born on 10-3-1855. James and Jane, with their two boys, left England aboard the “Sabrina” on 24-1-1857 and they had a quick voyage, arriving at Hobsons Bay on 13-4-1857. Unfortunately young Henry died at sea on 10-3-1857 near the Cape of Good Hope. Sarah was born at Pt Nepean in 1857 and Ellen at Tootgarook in 1858. (They were probably both born at Tootgarook; birth records refer to the place of registration and there was probably no registrar at Tootgarook until 1858.) Their other three children were Thomas, William and John.
Ellen married Henry John Cook and Heather Spunner succeeded in tracing some of their children despite them departing the scene. See her findings in the Libbis entry.
Although there may be no relationship to the Truemans at all, it is interesting that a Stella Gladys Myrtle Cook obtained a divorce from Bernard Charles Cook (Sydney Morning Herald 14-12-1927 page 12.) Her three given names are shared with Stella Libbis, a daughter of Thomas Trueman and Ellen Trueman’s first child (Myrtle Cook).

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 1 month ago


Godfrey Burdett Wilson died in 1919 but his widow Maria (nee Stenniken) lived on in Burdett Cottage, Heales St (Dromana) until her death in 1927. Her home then became the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, which was later transferred to the site now occupied by the Dromana Nursing Home.* (P.46 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Someone mentioned that a family member had been been in a private hospital in Heales St in the (late 1920's?) and this had almost certainly been Burdett Cottage.
(*The site referred to as the Dromana Nursing Home is on the inside angle of Pt Nepean Rd where it turns to become the beach road. Opposite the B.P. garage, it was the north west corner of Nelson Rudduck's Karadoc (crown allotment 8,section 1, Kangerong), of 103 acres, which extended east to Ponderosa Place/ Palmerston Ave and south for (960?) links to the Williams St, Seacombe St midline. It is now occupied by a child-minding centre and an apartment complex currently under construction.)
Three Acres of Land Given.
A proposal for the establishment of a bush nursing hospital at Dromana was investigated by the honorary secretary of the Bush Nursing Association (Sir James Barrett) on Saturday. It is proposed to rent a private hospital* until money has been obtained for a building on land in Point -Nepean Road, Dromana. Three acres of land, valued at about L1000 been given by Mr.N. Rudduck, of Dromana, for the purpose, and the district committee is seeking support from residents. The Dromana division of the Country Women's Association has promised to support the committee. (* i.e. Burdett cottage,as above.)
(P.18,Argus, 23-12- 1929.)

N.B. Despite Mr Bean's appearance in the area in the 1920's, his family appears to have been associated with the area as early as 1865 when the name appeared in George McLear's account books.
DROMANA'S MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.) Herbert sold land to Mrs Guilfoyle and their dispute is reported on page 11 of the Argus of 21-7-1926. Herbert was a merchant of Flinders Lane. It would appear that the Lochley Chase Guest House would have occupied only a small portion of Bean's original property.
Now we will look at an article on page 13 in The Argus of 27-11-1928, about nine years after the last assessment available on microfiche.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.
Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.

TAYLOR. On the 21st April, at Safety Beach, Dromana, Victoria, Rev. William H. Taylor, dearly loved husband of Esther, and loving father of Rev. F. W. Taylor (Numurkah),Will H. Taylor (450 Little Collins-street, Melbourne), Win (Mrs. W. G.Roberts, Main Ridge), Rene (Mrs.A. McCutcheon, Cavendish), and Doris (deceased). At rest.(P.1, Examiner, Launceston,3-5-1935.)
Now I'm wondering why this notice was in a Tassie newspaper and how Win Taylor came to meet W.G.Roberts of Main Ridge.

Reverend Taylor (see previous comment) had probably been at Safety Beach for at least seven years and was involved with the Mornington Peninsula Development League, apparently handling the sale of badges to raise funds for improvements on Arthurs Seat.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 16 November 1928 p 2 Article.
Rev. Taylor said how favorably impressed Mr. Clapp was with Marine Drive when he visited Mornington recently. Mr. Clapp was most anxious to see the road trafficable: Rev. Taylor said the best thanks of the league were due to Mr. Jackson for his efforts in having Marine Drive attended to in Flinders shire portion.
I was thinking Rev. Taylor might have been the Presbyterian minister at Dromana in the 1890's until I found this.
Spectator and Methodist Chronicle (Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Wednesday 18 April 1917 p 439 Article
News of the Churches.
Mr Roberts was appointed the Sunday School visitor. Rev. W. H. Taylor reported that he had visited most of the Sunday Schools in the interest of the Young Australia Temperance League, and that nearly all the scholars had signed the pledge. The resignation of Mr.Trewin, the Junior Circuit Steward, on account of ill health, was accepted, and Mr. Counter was appointed in his place.
IT'S A SMALL WORLD! You can say that again! Okay, IT'S A SMALL WORLD!
This has nothing to do with Red Hill but after all the Red Hill Lions Club does publish HILL 'N' RIDGE and the Roberts family pioneered Main Ridge decades before it had that name.
I wouldn't mind betting that the Rev.W.H.Taylor was living in the house on the north west corner of Seaview and Victoria St, Safety Beach at the time of his death in 1935. This house was the homestead of Mr Bean,one time president of the R.A.C.V., who organised the R.A.C.V.speed trials at Safety Beach, and was probably introduced to Spencer Jackson by Rev.W.H.Taylor himself. (See my journals about SAFETY BEACH and SPENCER JACKSON AND THE BUS BAN for sources.)

TAYLOR-BEAN-On the 2nd April, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents "Sutton" Haines street, North Melbourne, by the Rev J W Crisp, assisted by the Rev.W.H. Taylor, brother of the bridegroom Frank E Taylor, youngest son of Mr and Mrs.J.E. Taylor,North Melbourne to Louisa, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs J.Bean. (Present Address, 20 Grace St, Moonee Ponds.)
(Family Notices,The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 2 April 1935 p 1.)

Hill Climb at Dromana.
In view of the hill climb to be held today at Arthur's Seat. Dromana, the Royal
Automobile Club of Victoria, in conjunction with the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital executive, direct attention of visitors to the fact that from mid-day onwards, the climb itself will be closed to the ordinary public.The best approach from Melbourne is that by way of Moat's Corner and Red Hill.
Ample provision has been made for the parking of cars at the top, near the finishing point. Similar provision has been made at the starting point. The first event is timed to start at 1 p.m., and it is predicted that about 60 cars will be taking part. Admission lo the enclosure will be by button or badge. These will be sold by
members of thee Dromana Bush-Nursing Hospital committee, the whole of the proceeds of the event being devoted to that institution. (P.12, The Age, 14-1-1933.)

Dromana. Sunday. - The Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital was officially opened on Saturday afternoon bv Mrs J. S.Fraser vice president of the Victorian Bush Nursing Association in the presence of a large assemblage from all parts of the Mornington Peninsula. The hospital will be available to residents in the shire of Flinders.
It is built on three acres of land which was given by Mr Nelson Rudduck of Dromana and it is constructed of concrete and brick. Mr. K. F.Elliott architect supervised the work which was carried out bv Messrs Hunt and Roberts, contractors, of Red Hill. The hospital has accommodation for nine inpatients. The building cost £1300 of which £700 was raised in the district and £600 was advanced bv the Victorian Bush Nursing Association for 15 years at interest of 1 per cent.

The furniture and fittings were bought bv the Dromana women's auxiliary of which Mrs.B.Wilson is president and Mrs.V.Allen honorary secretary. The sitting room was furnished by Mr Nelson Rudduck in memory of his wife.
Memorial gates are being erected by the people of Dromana and district in memory of the first president of the hospital, the late Mr. A. V. Shaw. Councillor G. Higgins (Higgens), president of the hospital, expressed the gratitude of the committee to the association for its assistance. The honorary secretary of the association (Sir James Barrett) said that there were 31 bush nursing hospitals in Victoria, and the number would be increased to 34 this year. A new hospital would be opened at Rushworth on April 2, and one at Lilydale at the end of April.(P.6, Argus, 20-3-1933.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 7 July 1937 p 7 Article Illustrated (PHOTO.)
Notification has been received by Cr. E. Rudduck that the Charities Board has decided to take over the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital and make it a Community Hospital. The Council discussed the matter at the last meeting and decided to call a big public meeting of the residents of the Shire. The decision of the Board to make Dromana Hospital a Community one is a sound one. The need for a central hospital to the municipality is vital, and Dromana is the locality for the hospital. With a first class ambulance now available, sick and injured people can be rushed from all parts of the Peninsula to the. hospital. The Flinders' Shire are to be commended on their enterprise, in procuring the ambulance, which will fill a long felt want in the municipality.
(P.6, Standard, Frankston, 10-10-1946.)


Georgiana McCrae had been told by 1851 by Charles Latrobe that a township was planned for the coastal strip on the west of Arthurs Seat. Fear that the homestead area of the Arthur's Seat would be swallowed by this township was a factor in Andrew McCrae deciding to relinquish the Run, which was taken up by the Burrells.
The very fact that a township was planned is an indication that the timber on Arthurs Seat was already being exploited. It would be a miracle if there were any details in The Argus about the early timber-getters so the assertion that many of them were Irish will have to be accepted for now. Drom is the Gaelic word for hill or ridge (Droim (ridge, hillock) Drum-, Drim-, Drom- Drumcree, Drumanoo, Drumcondra).
The connection between our Dromana and the one in Ireland was illustrated by Cr Pittock's recent visit to the latter. See the following:
Off to Dromana House in Ireland, to be sure | MPNEWS…/.../off-to-dromana-house-in-ireland-to-be-…/

For decades after Dromana was officially named, the location of properties in a huge area near Arthurs Seat was specified as (Rosebud,Main Creek etc) NEAR DROMANA. In 1855, Alexander Cains and R.AMOS (not Airley) bought Menstrie Mains on the north west corner of Boneo and Browns Rd and G.Warren obtained the grant for c/a 18 bounded by today's beach road, Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd. Dromana had obviously not been named, Arthurs Seat being used to indicate location.
At Arthur's Seat, eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay.
13 143a 2r l6p, per 3, A Cairns and R Airey, 20 s. (per acre)
28 152a 2r 16p, G. W. Warren, 21s (per acre.)

It was at about this time that a gold-mining area was officially named Sandhurst, provoking much opposition (for which I have no time to find examples), the miners preferring the commonly used name of Bendigo. The following explanation involving two pioneering families on the peninsula. The name GRICE was associated with Sunnyside etc. near Mornington and William MYERS,a descendant of a squatter near Bendigo bought the Journeaux estate in Balnarring; hence the name of Myers Rd between Junction Rd and the Bittern railway station.)

The origin of the name "Bendigo" has, time after time, led to much controversy. Now, the origin of the name is thus accounted for. A few old residents are yet in existence who will remember that Messrs.Heap and Grice occupied as a station run the country now forming the Sandhurst district. On this question, says the INDEPENDENT, we have been shown an extract from a letter received by Dr. Pounds from Mr. Grice which should put the matter at rest for ever. Mr. Grice writes:—"Tell your friends who want to know the origin of Bendigo, that it was named by Tom Myers, Heap and Grice's overseer, in 1841. Tom himself was a bit of a dab with his fists, and a great admirer of the boxer Bendigo: hence the name." From "Tom Myers" those well-known localities Myers' Flat and Myers' Creek take their names.
(P.17, Australian Town and Country Journal, 21-9-1878.)

Perhaps this opposition led to the realisation by the government that Aussies no longer wanted the names they had bestowed on areas changed to honour big nobs. Not much later, Dromana had an official name!
At Arthur's Seat, on the eastern shore of Port Phillip Bay, county of Mornington, parish of Kangerong. (Grantees listed.)
P.6, Argus, 19-8-1856.)

There is no reason to doubt Charles Gavan Duffy's claim to have christened the Sorrento area. You can bet your bottom dollar that if there was another explanation for the origin of the name, PUNCH would have delivered the KNOCKOUT PUNCH. There were many papers which lampooned Duffy and if Punch or these other papers had any evidence to counter his claim, they would have rejoiced in doing so. Another grantee before the village of Sorrento existed, indeed the reason for its birth, William Allison Blair, would have taken any opportunity to bring his foe down a peg or two if Duffy's claim was not true.

Sorrento's Papa.
MR.PUNCH.—DEAR SIR.—You are sometimes hard upon me, but I know you will do me justice.I am the paternal parent of Sorrento, and I christened it into the bargain.Coppin is an innovation, quite a recent importation. I invented Sorrento, and made a pretty penny by it; and didn't Kerferd, Anderson, Casey, and a lot more go into the spec. and profit by it?
Yours, C.G.D. (P.7, Melbourne Punch, 25-1-1877.)
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1924) Thursday 31 December 1874 p 3 Article
Some years ago Mr (now Sir Charles) Duffy paid a visit to Dr Callan, his brother-in-law, medical officer of the sanitary station, and was much struck with the beauty of this locality. He conceived it would become a favourite watering place for Melbourne residents, and selected a large area of land which he christened Sorrento, probably being struck with its natural features, much resembling Italian scenery.

Unfortunately, most of Duffy's grants near Sorrento do not bear the date on which each was issued. Some that do were purchased after the village was declared but crown allotment 60, Nepean, of 28 acres, on the north east corner of Hughes and Melbourne Rds (occupied today by Hester, Kay and Rowland Sts and most of Derrick St) was granted on 23-10-1868, proof that Duffy was there prior to the village.

In looking for the first mention of the village of Sorrento, I discovered a perfect example of the constant lampooning of Charle Gavan Duffy.
The Village of Sorrento.—Mr. Charles Gavan Duffy, has his eye on the sweet little village of Sorrento, which for the information of the ignorant we may state is not a thousand miles by water from Queenscliffe nor is it a hundred by land from the sanitary station, at Point Nepean. Mr. Duffy is solicitous about the Somersetshire passengers.Unfortunate ladies and gentleman, they have been vaccinated and fumigated and what not; and-now they are cut off from all communication with the civilised world. Would it not be well,.asks Mr. Duffy, to connect them by telegraph. The electric flash can't possibly infect Melbourne, and then there's Sorrento.
—shrewd Mr, Duffy! (P.3, Bendigo Advertiser, 5-6-1871.)

Strangely the subdivision sale of Williamson's Paddock in Toorak confirms the Italian origin of Sorrento's name.
Note.-The most splendid views are really to be obtained from this property. Away to the westward, over the bay and Williamstown, the You Yangs and the Anakies rise like the outline of the Forshireth, near Suez, sweeping a course N.B. and S., round to the Heads again, and carrying with them the heights of Mounts Martha, Eliza, Dromana, and Arthur's Seat, and passing the now " new Italiano" of Victoria, known as tho pretty village of Sorrento. (P.2, Argus, 29-1-1872.)
And this is the first instance I have found of the official use of Sorrento as a place name in Victoria. Any earlier reference to village of Sorrento concerns the place in Italy.

A SALE of CROWN LANDS, by public auction, will be held at 2 o'clock of Friday, 7th January, 1870, at the Government auctioneers rooms, Melbourne. The following lots will be offered :
Sorrento, county of Mornington, parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, at Sorrento Point. Upset price,£8 per acre. Allotments 1, 2,3 and 4, 5 and 0,7 and .8, 0 and 10,11, sec, 1 ; 1 and 2, 8, 4,5 and 0, 7 and 8,
0,10,11 and 12, seo. 2, 2r. 10 0 10p. to la. 26p.
County of Mornington, parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, adjoining the village of Sorrento. Upset prices £2 10s to £3 per acre. Allotments 1 to 16 la. Sr/ Jfp. to Sa 3r. 27p. (P.7, Argus, 20-12-1869.)

Sidney Smith Crispo should not have listened to the Italian. This was on the end of his letter about the creation of the village of Sorrento. I spent a week trying to find any connection between DROMANA and Italy or Crispi/Crispo.
Dromana was named after a town in Italy, where Signor Crispi has a large house, I used to think it an aboriginal name till an Italian put me right.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 1-6-1899.)


George Mitchell, of Tootgarook, county of Mornington, lime-burner. Causes of insolvency--Depression in business, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities, £213 1s. 11 1/2d. ; assets, £44 7s.4 1/2d, ; deficiency, £168 14s, 7d. Mr. Jacomb,
official assignee.(P.7, Argus, 18-1-1861.)
The circumstances attending the death of a little girl, named Jane Mitchell, aged five years, the daughter of a lime-burner living at Rye, Point Nepean, formed the subject of inquiry by Mr Candler, district coroner, on Sunday. From the evidence of the mother of the deceased, it appeared that, last Thursday, she mixed a teaspoonful of strychnine with a handful of sugar, part of which she placed on an ant-hill for the purpose of killing some rats. The remainder she left in a basin ; and it was supposed that the deceased got to it, and took what was left, as, on looking at the basin afterwards, the contents were missing. The deceased was taken with convulsions shortly afterwards, and died within an hour. The medical evidence showed death to have resulted from poisoning by strychnine ; and the jury returned a verdict that the poison was accidentally taken by herself.
(P.5, The Age, 25-9-1866.)
A terribly sudden death took place at the Sorrento court on Wednesday. Mr George Mitchell, the postmaster at Rye, was appearing in a small case, and had just been sworn, when he suddenly fell back, striking the floor heavily with the back of his head. Several persons rushed to his aid, but death must have been instantaneous, for he never moved or spoke again. Mr Mitchell, who was 70 years of age and much respected in the district, was known to be subject to heart disease.
(P. 2, The Yackandandah Times, 13-3-1896.)
Mrs Mitchell, a very old resident, died here on the 21st ult. She was the widow of the late Mr George Mitchell,. who was post-master here
for a number of years.(P.5, Mornington Standard, 9-1-1904.)



NOTICE OF APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.-To the Licensing Magistrates in and for the District of Dromana.-I, GEORGE TRUEMAN, of the townshlp of Rye near Dromana, in the colony of Victoria, limeburner, do hereby give notice, that I desire to obtain, and will at the next licensing meeting APPLY for, a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situate at the township of Rye, In the colony of Victoria, and fronting Hobson's Bay, containing seven rooms, exclusive of those required for the use of the family. The 14th day of February, A.D. 1872. GEORGE TRUEMAN. (P.2s., Argus, 17-2-1872.)

George Trueman was the second child of James Trueman and Jane (nee Cook) born on 2-3-1852 in Maddington,Wiltshire, who came out with his parents on the Sabrina in 1857 and died on 10-10-1932 in Prahran. As his older sister Annie had died in 1850 aged just over a month, George was the oldest surviving child. (Genealogy provided by Heather Spunner of Berrigan,N.S.W.)

As George's "house" was in the township, and he didn't seem to be much involved on the Truemans Rd grants, it would be interesting to compare his description with that of Cottier, who was insolvent in 1870 and had obviously turned to lime burning on his land at Fingal by the time he received his certificate of discharge in 1871.(Certificate Meetings.
Certificates of discharge from their debts were granted to the following insolvents :....... ; John Blair, of Melbourne, surgeon*; ....... William Cottier, of Rye, limeburner ; F. W. Wilks, of Collingwood, commission agent. (P.6, Argus, 10-6-1871.)

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.-To the Bench of Magistrates. at Mornington.-I, WILLIAM COTTIER, farmer, now residing in Rye, in the colony of Victoria, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the justices, sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions to be holden at Mornington, In the said colony, on tho 20th day of June next, for a CERTIFICATE authorising the issuing of a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situated at Rye aforesaid. The house Is built of wood, consisting of two slttlng rooms and six bedrooms exclusive of those required for the use of the family; occupied and owned by me. It is not licensed. To be known as the Tootgarook Hotel.
The 14th day of June, A.D. 1867,
(Signed) . WILLIAM COTTIER. (P.8 Argus, 21-6-1867.)
Campbell's grants comprised the land occupied in October 2015 by shops including Ray White Real Estate, the former board shop, former bike shop until late August,now vacant, on the east side of the Shark Shack fish and chip shop and shops in between.

It should be fairly easy to ascertain whether George Trueman had been leasing the Tootgarook Hotel from John Campbell. It is possible that George had a lease of the hotel that William Cottier appears to have established in 1867 but this theory would destroyed if John Campbell had been running the hotel in 1872.

NOTICE.— I, JOHN CAMPBELL, of Rye, Contractor, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain,and will at the next Licensing Meeting APPLY for, a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a home situated at Rye,containing 8 rooms exclusive of those required for the use of the family.
The 25th day November, 1875.
JOHN CAMPBELL. (P.1,The Age, 29-11-1875.)

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE.— To tho Licensing Magistrates at Dromana.--I, JOHN CAMPBELL, of
Rye, county Mornington, do hereby glvo notice that I desire to obtain, and will, at the next Licensing Meeting, APPLY for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situate at Rye, county Mornington, to be known as the RYE Hotel, containing eight rooms, exclusive of those required for tho use of the family.
Tho seventh day of June, A.D., 1873. JOHN CAMPBELL. (P.2, Leader, Melbourne, 14-6-1873.)

N.B. THE ABOVE TWO NOTICES WERE THE ONLY RESULTS ON TROVE FOR "JOHN CAMPBELL, RYE" DURING THE DECADE 1870-1879.My next step was going to be a check to see if George Trueman had in 1872 been leasing another hotel in Rye, such as Patrick Sullivan's GRACEFIELD HOTEL, which I think was said to have been established in 1877. I don't really need to because of the 1873 notice. But I'll do it anyway! "hotel,rye" 1872. This search produced not one result,illustrating one problem with Rye; George Trueman's notice was published in 1872 but did not use the word HOTEL, instead referring to a licence for a house. I substituted "license, house,rye" in 1872,again getting no result but when I deleted the inverted commas, I obtained George's notice and 50 other results,none of the latter referring to Rye, except forthe sale of town lots in 1872. "Hotel, Rye" 1870-1879 showed a flurry of advertisements for Sullivan's, or the Gracefield, six miles from Sorrento from about 1877 and that Rye had only one hotel before this, the second TOOTGAROOK Hotel established by Cottier 1867,lost by him when the partnership with Campbell was dissolved just prior to Cottier's insolvency, leased by George Trueman in 1872, and operated from 1873 by the grantee of the land on which it stood, John Campbell.

C.N.Hollinshed stated in LIME LAND LEISURE that the Cottier family had gained a licence for a "house" in Dromana called the Rye Hotel and that this licence had been transferred to Tootgarook,thus giving the town its present name. This was proven wrong in my journal about William Cottier, whose aim was to confirm Hollinshed's claim. However the author had stated that the FIRST RYE HOTEL IN RYE was east of Lyons St and produced a map of historic sites in Rye showing Campbell's Hotel precisely on Campbell's grants (as indicated by the Rye Township map.) Because of lack of detail in rate records for about the first five decades of municipal government,it cannot be stated without dispute that Cottier's 1867 TOOTGAROOK HOTEL was on Campbell's grants but the following makes it very likely.

NOTICE.-The PARTNERSHIP hitherto subsisting between WILLIAM COTTIER and JOHN CAMPBELL, trading as " Wm. Cottier and Campbell," at Tootgarook, has this day been DISSOLVED by mutual consent.All liabilities will be paid and all moneys received by William Cottier.
JOHN CAMPBELL. WM. COTTIER., Melbourne 18th April, 1870. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

Charles Hollinshed was right about the original RYE HOTEL being associated with Cottier (although the given name he used was James). The second Rye Hotel, the present one, was built in art deco style by Mrs Hunt (who demolished the Gracefield Hotel in the late 1920's) as detailed on the foundation stone. But the partnership's name for the 1867 establishment was the Tootgarook Hotel and it would appear to be John Campbell,now the sole owner, who renamed it the Rye Hotel in 1873. It is not known what name George Trueman had given it in 1872.

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