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I no longer have my cubic metre of notes compiled from hundreds of sources,which were used in the writing of my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND. Thus,most of what I write comes from memory of what I wrote in those 2500* handwritten pages, a 20+ year old memory which is pretty good, but as demonstrated in this instance,not quite perfect, and genealogy needs to be perfect.
(*More like 3000 pages when all the newspaper articles etc. stuck on the backs of the foolscap pages are counted.)

I have stated in several journals that James Anderson married Dugald Stewart's daughter and that Dugald had come to the area because of involvement in the construction of the Mt Alexander and Murray River railway. Nearly true,but it was DONALDStewart, not Dugald.That is why James Anderson's wife was not listed as a family member in any death notices re Dugald Stewart and his children, which I mentioned was strange!

When I moved to Rosebud,I had no room for my notes (cubic metre), DHOTAMA (a metre-high stack),parish, geological survey, ordnance and airport acquisition maps (in cardboard tubes)etc. so most of the material (which might make sense to anybody else)was donated to the Tullamarine Library (formerly part of the Moonee Valley Regional Library but by this time part of the Hume Library)and was sent to the Hume Global Learning Centre near the Broadmeadows station.

When I wrote a history of the Horseshoe Bend Park at Keilor (involving William O'Neil who purchased all of the 19 acre Keilor Township suburban allotments,most granted to F.D.Wickham) in the present park,I was contacted by John Shorten of the Friends of Horseshoe Bend Park. It turned out that John was also president of the Keilor Plains Pioneer Family History group and that he asked for a lend of DHOTAMA.

That was when John decided to take on the mammoth task of scanning and digitising DHOTAMA so I entrusted the metre high pile to his care. He did it! John sent me copies of the files and made this correction possible.

ANDERSON.James,Don,Peter.(Keilor) (PAGE A18 DHOTAMA.)
James Anderson of Braeside was the son of Mr William Anderson and was born in Fifeshire in Scotland in 1847. He arrived in Victoria at the age of seven and his father set up at Keilor as a blacksmith. His father was killed as the result of an accident at the toll gate at the bridge.James was a versatile man and followed many rural occupations,including that of shearer. He owned several racehorses and won 21 steeplechases with the noted Springfield trained by Wally Cox, father of Mr.W.S.Cox, secretary of the Moonee Valley Racing Club. Another of his horses to be successful on the Victorian Turf was Zircon.

James Anderson'swife was the daughter of Donald Stewart who came out to Victoria in early days and teamed up with Cornish and Bruce, contractors for the construction of the Bendigo railway. Mr. Stewart remained with the construction as far as Sunbury and was there associated with the railway for the rest of his life.
(Keilor Centenary Celebrations, 1950)

(19-1-2014.The following might be a death notice for James Anderson's niece.
"STEWART.' - At Kelvin Grove private hospital, Margaret Stewart, only daughter of late D. C. Stewart and M. P. Stewart, of Sunbury, and the loved sister of Malcolm and David. P.13,Argus, 8-7-1933.

To cut a long story short,James Anderson occupied James Wilson's old farm on the west side of Hoffmans Rd, Niddrie for many years before moving to Braeside. Wilson's farm is described in my journal "1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT", as is James Anderson's mother's death at "Shelton".

His son, Don,(obviously named after Donald Stewart)provided for many years the most picturesque entry to Keilor from Melbourne every spring,with the blossom of his apricot orchard on the present Horseshoe Bend Park greeting travellers as they descended Curleys Hill. The Horseshoe Bend Park office is Don's old home.A history board nearby provides details.

Don's son Peter, who was living on a corner house on the south side of Church St, Keilor, by the 1990's, Braeside to the north having been sold, had married the daughter of Ina Henderson from Tullamarine. The Hendersons owned the land now occupied by Henderson Road and ran the brick post office (demolished for the construction of the road in 1956) and lived in a beautiful Victorian house on the north corner,later occupied by Ben Hall,grandson of the bushranger, before it too was demolished. Geoff Henderson from Gladstone Park brought a painting of the old post office to the 1998 BACK TO TULLA.

SECTION 12 (East Keilor west of Rachelle Rd, Niddrie south of Farrell St.)
Bounded by Rachelle Rd., Buckley St., Hoffmans Rd. and the latitude of the north side of Farrell St., this was granted to James Patrick Main in 1846. He was probably related to Patrick who built the first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek at Flemington, still known as Mains bridge after it had been swept away by floodwaters and rebuilt.
James P.Main, builder and settler, Moonee Ponds in 1841 and 1847, may have been living on Mains Estate. At the latter date, Thomas Anderson, dairyman, was on Mains Estate, Moonee Ponds. I wonder if Thomas was related to James Anderson (a later occupant of Mains Estate.)

James Wilson, who came to the colony in 1847 at 21 worked as a shepherd etc., and ran the Golden Fleece hotel at Pentridge for 5 years before buying 185 acres on Mains Estate in 1857. (In 1868, James Wilson was only assessed on 100 acres so he was obviously leasing a part of his land to somebody.) The farm was called Springbank and the homestead, a two storeyed brick mansion, was on the south corner of Hoffmans Rd. and Teague St. until it was demolished in the 1930s and replaced by a garage which was itself demolished in early 1992.
Keilors 1868 ratebook shows that Wilson had 100 acres. His known neighbours on Mains Estate were William Hoffman 100 acres, Dugald McPhail 221 acres, Thomas Cox 50 acres, James Collier 46 acres.
Possible occupants of the remaining 123 acres of Mains Estate in 1868 were Thomas James Trahey (Saimey?) 60 ac. and John Foley 70 ac. (This gives a total of 647 acres; the extra acres are probably because McPhails land was actually 212 acres, that is Rosehill of 112 5/8 acres plus two blocks of just under 50 acres each.) p.s. Cox and Collier occupied the site of the Niddrie quarry. (Title information at end.)

Blacksmith, William Anderson was killed in an accident near the toll gate at the Keilor bridge (Brees 1854 bridge) on 25-2-1862, leaving his wife Catherine (nee Clark) and children, Janet, Catherine, Margaret, Alex. and James. The widow was Keilors midwife for thirty years until dying in September 1892. The daughter named after her seems to have been a pioneer of Ardmillan Rd from 1877 until 1894 (at old No.81, now 65 and 65A and from March 1909 Miss Morriss Blinkbonnie Ladies College), when she probably moved back into her late mothers Keilor residence. James worked at many occupations including that of shearer, was an overseer at Arundel in 1868, and in 1882 bought a butchers shop in Keilor. When that was sold, he and his wife (Annie Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart) went to a farm on North Pole Rd (50 acres in section 12 on the west side of Spring Gully) and afterwards to Springbank.
A press report of the Oakland Hunt Clubs meet of 20-5- 1899 says that the quarry was chased around Pinnacle Hill to a slaughterhouse, then east to Andersons well-kept farm etc. James later, some time after 1930, moved to a farm called Braeside (the 30 ½ acres in Keilor containing Meehan Ct, Watson Rise, Fleming Ct and Tan Ct), where he died on 2-6-1943 at 96. His son Don bought a part of William ONeils Horseshoe Bend Farm in 1937 and his orchard became a feature for those descending down Curleys Hill into Keilor. Dons son, Peter, married a daughter of the Hendersons from Tullamarine and still lives across Church St from his grandfathers Braeside land.
In 1900 James Anderson was farming Springbank of 179 acres and 214 acres (probably Sinclairs Farm of 114 acres and two farms of about 50 acres each fronting the north side of Rose Hill Rd. He also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Road (Coxs Farm, lot 10 of section 12). He later owned Braeside on the hill overlooking Church St. and Green Gully Rd. at Keilor.
James Wilsons old Spring Bank farm was put up for sale, obviously in 1918. The claim is made that the 179 acre farm had been in family ownership for 80 years; nonsense unless Wilson was related to J.P.Main, the grantee (and occupier since at least 1841).

James Patrick Main mortgaged section 12 to John and John Pinney Bear on 26 Jan., 29 July, and 3 December 1847 and on 4-4-1848 he made a Conveyance of Equity of Redemption in which the Bears paid him 1030 pounds. (D 801, E 252, E 601, E 956.) The last memorial apparently put the grant into the Bears ownership and they sold some of it as detailed later. On 10-1-1854, Main seems to have regained ownership, from Charles Kilburn, of the land that Blair was later to buy from him (49 259) and the southern part of Springbank, which he later sold to Wilson.
On 19-4-1851, Main mortgaged part of James Wilsons later purchase to James Graham and Alexander McLean Hunter for 325 pounds (M 277). On 10-5-1854, he mortgaged both pieces of Springbank to Thomas Clark, a further amount being paid to him on 10-7-1854 (11 450 and 14 310).
On 9-8-1855, James Wilson bought Spring Bank from J.P.Main for 4732 pounds. Wilson claimed to have established the farm in 1857 (Victoria and Its Metropolis 1888). Did he mortgage it straight after the purchase and take two years to pay it off? This land ran south 4008 links from the northern boundary of section 12 to the northern boundary of Niddrie Secondary College (29 662.) These boundaries explain the bends in Newman Cres. (north) and Garnet St (south). It is of interest that John Wilson started leasing 18c (which touches the n/w corner of section 12) from J.P.Bear on 31-7- 1855, just over a week before James Wilson bought Springbank.

Wilsons family seems to have owned the property until 1918. James Anderson was occupying Springbank, possibly by 1895 (1918-23 years) and certainly by mid 1899 (Oaklands Hunt report) and was still there in 1930, his address being given as Buckley Park (Vol.534 fol.973). No mention of Springbank is made in the James Wilson or James Anderson title index but Sam Merrifields House Names Index contains an entry claiming that Anderson owned the farm. (Owner Mr Anderson. Occupier Mr Swan, butcher of Essendon. Vide Essendon Gazette 8/2/1900. 2 storied brick mansion. Abuts Conniston Ave. Demolished 1930s.) Conniston Ave. could have been Hoffmans Rd or Teague St.
Land Plan 10004, lodged by C.R.Anderson on 27-11-1923, deals with the subdivision of Springbank. The plan shows that the northern boundary of section 12 was the front fenceline of houses on the north side of Farrell St. The south boundary of Springbank was at the southern end of the bend in Garnet St. See further details at end of Section 12 entry under Hoffmans Rd heading.
Peter Anderson told me that James Andersons youngest son was named Colin when I asked if hed heard of C.R.Anderson. However, the second Christian name of Colin, born in 1900 at Keilor to James Anderson and Annie (nee Stewart), was Lindsay. C.R.Anderson lodged many land plans and was probably no relation of the Springbank farmer.
An undated entry on P. 32 of Sam Merrifields House Names Index (L.Frost) seems to date from 1918 and, as well as making the ridiculous claim that Springbank had been owned by the same family for 80 years (possibly a typo for 60!), states that the same lessee had been there for 23 years. The previous entry (in brackets above) says that James Anderson owned it and the second seems to indicate that James was only a lessee. Was James Wilson related to James Anderson? Was Anderson sub-letting to Swan?



By the way, James Anderson married Donald Stewart's daughter,ANNIE GRACE.

ANDERSON. Annie Grace. - On November 14, at her daughter's residence, 5 Grice crescent, Essendon, the dearly beloved wife of the late James Anderson, of Braeside, Keilor, and loving mother of James, Leslie, Florence (Mrs. Dawson, deceased). Donald, William, Gordon, Colin, and Janet (Mrs. Yates), aged 90 years 3 months. -Peacefully at rest.

ANDERSON. Annie Grace (of Braeside. Keilor). -On November 14, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. C. Yates. 5 Grice crescent, Essendon, wife of the late James Anderson, fond and devoted mother of Les, mother-in-law of
Phyllis, and loving grandmother of Marie, Lesley, Judith, and Stewart.' Our beautiful mother.
(P.16, Argus,15-11-1952.

James Anderson's father, William, had married Catherine Clark, as stated above,and her christian name was passed on for generations. It seems that the Ardmillan Rd resident, Catherine Anderson, was the sister of James, who called one of his daughters Florence Catherine. Catherine (nee Clark)died at Shelton, the former farm of John Beale who had moved to Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. The resident of Miss Morris's Blinkbonnie College in Ardmillan Rd (until 1894 according to directories)must have been the sister of James as his mother died in 1892.

Shelton was all of the land bounded by North Pole (Milleara) road, Clarks Rd, Rachelle Rd (named after one after John Beale's twins who both died of Diptheria)and Buckley St,except for the portion south of the Dinah Pde. corner and west of Quinn Grove.As stated earlier James was assessed on land other than Springbank and he was certainly the son on Shelton.

ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence,Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late
William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years. (P.1, Argus,12-9-1892.)

DAWSON -Sacred to the memory of our dear sister Florence Catherine, who passed to a higher life, September 28, 1931.
Three little words,
Forget me not,
They don't seem much
But they mean a lot.
-(Inserted by Colin and Donald Anderson,Keilor.)

David Yates is the third eldest of Josiah and Mary Ann. He married Bessey Smith, who was 17 years, at East Charlton, Victoria. Bessey being bought up with not much money signed her name with cross signaling that she could not write. Both the Yates family and the Smith family wrote false details on the wedding certificate. Bessey's mother Isabella who was the widow of John Smith and the wife of Theophilus Haylett gave her name as Isabella Smith not her married name Haylett which caused a lot of curiosity. Also David wrote that his father was a drover and his mothers maiden name was McGown instead of O'Connor. Although no officials caught them lying it was a big scandal in the town as no one new what was going on behind closed doors. David Yates was also the owner of the Keilor Racecourse Hotel and it was there that two of his young sons drowned in the creek. David and Bessey had a big family of eleven children. Their children are David William, Joseph John, Kenneth, Edward Humphries, Bessie Ellen, Sophia, John Smith, Clyde Stephen, Charles Adrian, Herbert and Thelma.

It was just as well that David and Bessie Yates had a large family because they tragically lost three children in two years.

YATES.-On the 19th December, accidentally drowned, at Keilor, David and Joseph, the dearly beloved children of Mr. and Mrs. David Yates, of Racecourse-road, Keilor, aged respectively 10 years and 8 years.
(P.1, Argus,21-12-1896.)

YATES.On the 15th January, at her parents' residence, Racecourse Hotel, Keilor, Sophy, dearly beloved youngest daughter of David and Bessie Yates aged 15 months. (P.1, Argus, 17-1-1898.)

Racecourse Hotel, Keilor. Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 8 July 1915 p 2 Article ... Racecourse Hotel, Keilor. D. Milburn, a native a Keilor and a well-known resident, advertises that he has taken possession of the Racecourse course Hotel, Keilor, which has been carried on so favourably for the past 29 years by Mlr. D. Yates, and trusts, by strict attention to business and by ... 64 words

Keilor Sports Ground
The Keilor Sports Ground together with the Keilor Primary School site originally formed the Keilor racecourse.
(Source: KHS newsletter, September 2004)(Keilor Sports Club - Vicnet‎)

APRIL, MAY 1998. Harrick's Cottage restoration became possible on 14-5-1998. Bulla Directory of 1868. (This includes landowners around Bulla but does not seem to include residents up Oaklands Rd; they would have been listed under Oaklands Junction. The Reddans were north of Dickins Corner -Melway 176 D7- one of their farms being "Holden View" and John Dickens (sic) on Coldingham Lodge south of the bend. Walter Clark of Glenara is listed but his neighbours to the south such as the Mansfields, Grays, Charles Farnes, the Ritchies etc would have been listed under Tullamarine. *One family with a connection to Keilor was the Tate family of "Pleasant Vale" (on Tullamarine Island north of George Randall), related by marriage to the Milburns. Some of the Wildwood Rd residents were the McAuliffes of "Wildwood", David Patullo of "Craig Bank" and John Fanning of Emu Flat. Edward Fanning's family still had "Sunnyside" south of the Loemans /Diggers Rest Rd junction in the 1990's and probably still owns it after over a century and a half of occupancy;See Kathleen Fanning's FANNING FAMILY website which has a good Bulla parish map.) Memories of old Keilor resident,William Johnston, which indicates that the Eldorado Hotel was later John Eagling's Waggoners' Arms and David Yates Racecourse Hotel on the west corner of Arabin St**. The Eldorado was run by Donald McDonald's father for some time; Donald wrote a nature column in The Argus.

(*A reference to James Anderson and Dugald Stewart of Fleetbank has been deleted for obvious reasons.)
(** The editor, Susan Jennison O.A.M., wrote some notes at the end of William Johnston's story,including this:
David Yates was a great sportsman and trainer of horses. He built a race track
at the rear of his hotel on the corner of Macedon and Arabin Streets, Keilor in 1888. At the age of 75 he was still winning harness races. He died in 1934 aged 82 years and is buried in the Keilor General Cemetery.)


My Keilor Historical Society journal is fairly lengthy so I had no idea where to look for my mention of the Clippertons when Patricia's private message arrived. My mind immediately went to a title document regarding a subdivision lot on Main's Estate that I did not transposed onto my Melway. It just didn't make sense.Main's Estate (Section 12 Doutta Galla) was bounded by Hoffmans Rd, Buckley St, Rachelle St and the line of Farrell St (Melway 15 K11.) The east-west dimensions of this particular lot went too far east, probably 100 links too far so that the government road, Hoffmans Rd, was included in the block.) What was the point of transposing such nonsense? If I had known Eddie Deutcher at the time I was practically living in the titles office,the point would have been perfectly obvious!
The titles clerk's error had created a need for the Hoffmans Road Dogleg!

Let's look at Patricia's information first.

Subject: Keilor Historical Society
To: itellya
From: NorrissP
Date: 2014-01-17 04:39:44
I lived opposite Mr Clipperton Car Wrecking Yard. Happy days opposite Anne, Peter, Russell and Freddie CLIPPERTON. I remember Claudia BAILEY from the neighbourhood in Market Street. She became an Air Hostess with TAA. My father was an airlines pilot; he died in a plane crash in 1961. A few years later I moved with my mother to Perth, Western Australia. My best friends at school were Frances DIAMOND and Rosemary SMITH. Thanks, Patricia.

I'm sure Patricia would love to hear from any of her old schoolmates. Private message her through Family Tree Circles.

I thought I'd write a journal detailing a bit of history about those who lived near Hoffmans Rd. Rosehill Rd was named after Dugald McPhail's farm, Rosehill, which was between Buckley St and Rosehill Rd. The other major farm on Main's Estate was James Wilson's farm, later occupied by James Anderson, which is discussed in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT. The following comes from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA (a copy of which was given to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society.)It does not include most of the pioneers on Main's Estate but this information will be supplied if requested.

HOFFMANS RD 1923-1969. Eddie Deutchers memories. The Fullarton Connection.
It is of interest that in 1923 Hoffmans Rd only went south to the northern end of Moushall Ave, which was originally called Hoffmans Rd until 9-11-1960 (Land Plan 10004). Keilor Council had first made moves to have Hoffmans Rd constructed in 1945 but it was not until November 1969 that the road was made. Essendon and Keilor had agreed in 1957 to construct the road forthwith but it was 10 years before work started. The hold up was a dispute about the proposed width, the two councils preferences differing by two feet. No doubt the Fullarton connection had something to do with the eventual resolution. John Andrew Peter Fullarton was an Essendon councillor from about 1958 for 13 years (followed by his wife, Dorothy, Essendons first female councillor, until 1986.) Their son Graeme was Mayor of Keilor in 1969-70. (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND R. GIBB, PAGE F.96-7.)
The land plan also shows that Garnet St was called Grieve St until 8-6-1962.
It seems that the 1923 subdivision of Springbank fizzled, probably because the tramway extension to Hoffmans Rd did not eventuate. (The Tramway Extension Estate with frontages to Hoffmans Rd and other, but defunct, streets, was advertised for sale on 12-4-1919 according to Bob Chalmers Annals of Essendon, but obviously shared the same fate.)
On 25-7-1930, when James Anderson mortgaged his land across Green Gully Rd from Braeside (13K Maribyrnong of 35 acres, from the midline of Buchan and Tarwin Courts to the bridge) he was described as a dairyman, formerly farmer, of Buckley Park. As explained before, the location of Springbank was known as Buckley Park in those days, the modern designation of Niddrie not having spread south from 17B, which Henry Stevenson had so-named after a suburb of his native Edinburgh in about 1870. The double storey brick Springbank mansion must have been decaying as it was demolished in the 1930s. James Anderson may have built a new farmhouse before moving to Braeside. Eddie Deutcher said that when he arrived, the farmhouse was a pink weatherboard occupied by Merle someone and then Mr Shell from 1954 or 1955.

Ralph Dixon has been mentioned earlier. It is unclear which side of Hoffmans Rd he built on C.1923 but Eddie Deutcher recalls that he was later living opposite Mary St (present No. 49). The Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir edition of 1961 (Proclamation of the City of Keilor) states wrongly that Eddie Deutcher was the first resident on the Keilor side of Hoffmans Rd; Ralph beat him by quite a few years.
A Mr Spencer subdivided his land into four blocks of 44 ½ x 138 feet (their depth later reduced to 130 feet when Hoffmans Rd was made.) Spencer, of Price St, died in 1980 and his widow later lived next door to Eddie Deutcher. The only other resident of Hoffmans Rd when Eddie moved in was Harry George at the corner of Mary St. Eddie says that the development of Hoffmans Rd mainly took place between 1951-2 and 1965. In 1949, Eddie bought his block (No. 63) for L135. The other blocks sold for L500 (C.1953), L750 (1956) and $15 000 (about 1969). Eddie moved onto his block from St Kilda in 1951 but had to live in a caravan for 2 ½ years because of the post-war shortage of building materials.
Council- owned land in George St was an unofficial dumping ground and a haunt of youngsters who gathered there to smoke. The tip was the source of several fires that threatened the widely scattered houses.
There used to be a training track for trotters near Garnet St.
The Clippertons were another early family in the area. Russell Clipperton was a foundation pupil at the Doutta Galla Primary School. Part of what we now call Hoffmans Rd was occupied by Fred Clippertons car wrecking yard and people travelling south had to take the Hoffmans Rd Dogleg which is now called Moushall Ave.
The first shop in Hoffmans Rd was Fred Cooks general store on the Teague St corner, later Joe Wileys and a self serve bottle shop. Probably next was the green grocery started, and still operated many decades later, by Tony Sicerliano. Ray Orchards model aeroplane shop and Miss Gartlands pharmacy were features of the shopping centre for many years.
Power and water came to Eddie and his neighbours in 1953 and sewerage in 1965.
In 1954, Eddie became a Keilor councillor and judging by his grasp and recall of details as shown above, he would have been a good one.
More of Eddies memories are on Pages D. 95-8 of my Dictionary history of Tullamarine and Miles Around.

Section 13. (HOFFMANS Rd to LINCOLN RD.)
This was between Buckley St. and Mt. Alexander Rd., which Keilor Rd. was called until at least 1900.
The western half, consisting of lots A and B, between Hoffmans Rd. and the walking track near Hedderwick St., was granted to William Hoffman, one of the handful of Germans in the north west. He called his house Butzbach but the farm appears to have been known later as Buckley Park. (The renaming may have occurred near the time of W.W.1, when anti- German feeling led to moves to change the names of Coburg and Essendon, the latter thought by some to have originated from Essen, and many residents such as Groenberger of the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine changed their surnames.)
Later owners were Messrs E.A. and William Croft. In 1914, William Croft was the only resident west of Nimmo St; the house was apparently near Croft St. and between Buckley and Temple (Spencer) Sts. This accounts for the kink in Price St.
A map at the Merrifield Library shows that when the estate was subdivided, land containing the Butzbach residence of Croft Esquire was at the south west Temple (Spencer) St/ Nimmo St corner with Price St (down to the bend) as the western boundary. Part of this block of 4 ½ acres was sold as eight allotments fronting Price and Market Sts on 23-10-1924. The old homestead must have been demolished in the early 1950s to make way for Croft St, as this street was first mentioned in 1953. Mr Spencer, mentioned in Eddie Deutchers memories under section 12, may have been living in the old homestead.
Just as Peter McCracken was one of the first lessees on Stewarton (Gladstone Park), his brother Alexander Earle McCracken was possibly the first to rent Butzbach. He had erected a four stall stable and a barn on it within 10 months of the grant being issued to Hoffman, and in March 1851 was apparently building a house. A.E.McCracken grew wheat on Butzbach and the farm prospered but due to the ill health of his wife, Jane, this branch of the family returned home in 1857, probably to Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire. In a letter written on 14-4-1858, Robert McCracken informed Alexander Earle that Butzbach had been taken up by the McAuleys (McCrackens spelling.). (I wonder if McAuley had been a neighbour of Peter McCracken at Kensington 1855-7 and was the origin of the name of Macaulay Rd. More likely the McCrackens knew them from their early days on the Merri Creek.)
One of the early occupiers of subdivision lots on Buckley Park was Ralph Dixon, who settled in the Gilbertson St area in 1912 before moving to Hoffmans Rd in 1923. Some things he recalled were:
*the two rows of pine trees, through which the drive ran to the Hoffman / Croft house from Buckley St,
*the Woods familys dairy farm in Sapphire St (see section 12 Rosehill Estate in 1900),
*old Mrs Sinclairs goats near Ogilvie St,
* and James Andersons dairy farm with its homestead on the (1961) service station site. (This was across Hoffmans Rd on the south corner of Teague St.)


Having just used the D volume of my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND for an entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA, I decided to have a quick look at what I'd written about 23 years ago and made an exciting discovery. An entry called DIGGERS,starting on page D47 has a record of of all the names on the war memorials mentioned in the title, and brief descriptions of where the servicemen lived etc.

Names from the Keilor Roll of Honour (then in the Courthouse cum Old Shire Hall) had also been transcribed but unfortunately had been mislaid at the time of writing. I had also found essays written by Keilor State School students about soldiers such as (Bernard?) Nash in the City of Keilor strongroom while I was transcribing Keilor rates due to the co-operation of Adrian Dodoro, a rates officer better known now as the Essendon Football Club recruiting officer.

As DHOTAMA is handwritten, it would take too long to transcribe every name, but if anyone (living too far from the three memorials to easily inspect the memorials them selves)would like me to check if any of their family members or friends are listed,please send me a private message,or ask in comments.

One name from each memorial has been put in the surnames list.


Owen Connor and Patrick Phelan were partners in a firm of spirit merchants and pioneers of Keilor. I have mentioned them in previous journals. Patrick Phelan was a member of parliament who became insolvent and lost his grant, Spring Park, which was west of "Niddrie", and is today bisected by MacNamara Avenue to the north boundary of Fraser St houses and included most of the sites of the Niddrie Primary and Secondary Schools with Mirams Court indicating its western boundary.

Much of Patrick Phelan's story can be found on the Victorian Parliament website ("Remember?") but Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES gives much information about Spring Park and Springfield including Owen Connor's letter written with a hilarious Irish accent. Springfield was west of Spring Park to the Roberts Rd corner, both properties being later subdivided by Henry Roberts. Angela mentioned the Connor/Phelan marital connection,which is made clear in the following extract from a court case.Owen Connor had lost Keilor Binn Farm, the Doutta Galla portion of the Township of Keilor south of Keilor Rd, (which later became John Dodd's farm,through his marriage to publican Goudie's daughter-who insisted that it be called Brimbank) to Hugh Glass and had returned to Ireland. (The book has a photo of Owen's home there.) I'm not sure whether William Connor was Owen's brother or son. William Connor and his wife Sarah later farmed the Keilor Park area for many decades.

I apologise for being vague (e.g.about the publican whose name I think was Matthew etc.) but I though a brief journal was necessary to make this additional information available; I had found it by chance and might never locate it again, but I cannot afford to lose focus on my Bulla and Broady journals,hence this piece entirely from memory.

Patrick Phelan's gripe was that Eaton had ejected the family from its home and sold crops for less than the true value.

An application for the appointment of a
Mr. Bunny for the plaintiffs ; and Mr.
Stephen and Mr. T. A'Beckett for the de-
From the plaintiffs' bill it appeared that in
1865 Mr. W. Connor settled the Springfield
farm, Doutta Galla, near Broadmeadows*, upon
his sister Ellen, the wife of a farmer named
Patrick Phelan, and appointed the defendant
a clerk in the employ of the Government,
trustee of the land. Under the deed
the rents and profits arising from the
farm werE settled upon Mrs. Phelan,
with a resulting interest to her children, the
present plaintiffs. In 1870 she died, and an
arrangement was made by which her husband
continued in possession of the farm as ma-
nager of it for the two children beneficially

* Now,that is vague! Near Keilor would be a better description Dumbo!


I have not seen the plan referred to in the article, but as I know exactly which roads are involved,I feel duty-bound to reveal this information in case a researcher,perhaps from the Keilor Historical Society,finds the article and makes wrong assumptions about the route of this new link with Keilor.

NEW ROAD.-Yesterday's Government Gazette contains an announcement that a map and a plan describing the courses and bearings of a new road, from the Junction of Broadmeadows and the Deep Creek Roads to Keilor, had been deposited in the office of the Central Road Board.

The same publication gives the following particulars of the road :-The road commences at the junction of the Broadmeadows and Deep Creek roads, at a point marked K on the plan, running due south 42 chains 17 links, to a point marked F, passing through the properties of Messrs. Clark, Baxter, Macdonald, and Colonel Kenny ; thence due west one mile (already proclaimed) to a point marked D ; thence due south 60 chains to a point marked M; and thence south-west by south 25 deg. 20 min. 21 chains 70 links passing through the property of J. V. L. Foster Esq. The quantity of land required to be taken for the proposed road is twelve acres one rood and twenty perches, and the estimated cost of effecting the said work is three hundred and sixty-six pounds (£366) sterling.
(P.7, Argus, 19-4-1856.)

K= top of Melway 16 J1,the present Mickleham Rd/Melrose Drive corner. Melway indicates that Broadmeadows Rd actually runs south for 47 chains so the typesetter may have mistaken a seven for a one.

Despite a search for "Clark, Tullamarine, 1850-1859" which examined the first three pages of results,I am no wiser about the identity of Mr Clark. It is possible that Walter Clark, who had purchased 17A Tullamarine from Alexander Kennedy in 1856 to establish Glenara, was leasing land in section 3,Tullamarine as a holding paddock for his sheep which would probably require two days on the roads to reach the market in Melbourne.

Mr Baxter presents a problem. Andrew Baxter was the grantee of 4(1),Tullamarine,whose north west and south west corners are indicated by the Lackenheath Drive and a point 193 metres to the south indicated by the east-west part of Elmhurst Rd in Gladstone Park.This is north of Tullamarine Junction. Perhaps Baxter was also leasing land on section 3(i.e. west of Broadmeadows Rd) from the Fosters;he is not mentioned in any of the six trove results.My title research on the land west of Broadmeadows Rd shows that these 400 acres were not sold until 1867. The southern 400 acres was sold to D.T.Kilburn on 25-9-1867. The Kilburns called it Fairfield. I believe that David Milburn of Grange Farm, Victorias first irrigator, was leasing it in 1868.

Mr Macdonald got his name in the papers but probably would have preferred not to have,for this reason,anyway.
INQUESTS.--Dr. Chandler, the District Coroner, has recently held the following inquests:-On the 26th inst., at Tullamarine, on the body of John Macdonald, who died on the 24th in consequence of injuries received by a fall from his horse.(P.5,Argus,31-3-1858.)

The above Messrs. Clark and Baxter may have owners or lessees of land east of Broadmeadows Rd that was originally part of Colonel Eyre Evans Kenny's "Camp Hill" and A.MacDonald certainly was. Hoddle surveyed Deep Creek Rd in 1847 and the land west of it was sold by Kenny(in 1851 if I remember.)At the same time that I discovered this sale,I saw the advertisement for Gretna Green,and my memory isn't bad.
MONDAY, JANUARY 31. Gretna Green, Opposite Colonel Kenny's Estate, Parish of Tullamarine.
Subdivision of part of portion No.4 of Section 4, the property of A. M'Donald, Esq. (P.2, Argus, 27-1-1859.)

F= Melway 15 J3,the corner of Broadmeadows and Sharps Rds. D=Melway 15 E3 (top left corner) the corner of Sharps Rd and today's Keilor Park Drive (formerly Fosters Rd.) This was exactly 8000 links (one mile, 1600 metres roughly) and separated William Foster's 640 acre grants, 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla.

The road from D to F followed the boundary between William Foster's 21 Doutta Galla and John "Alphabetical" Foster's 20 Doutta Galla which went west to the Saltwater River and was known as "Leslie Banks". The 6000 links length of this portion of the road, which, if the line was continued, would run directly into Collinson St, Keilor Park (the western boundary of section 19 Doutta Galla and the Keilor Township), comes directly from the Doutta Galla parish map. It does continue to the point marked M at the bottom of Melway 15 D5 near No. 127 Fosters Rd, where the road turned to the south west, for 2070 links to reach Spence St,the northern boundary of Keilor Township. Thus it could be claimed that the road had reached Keilor.

When was it that Fosters Rd was extended to Keilor Rd? The journey south, as shown on the parish map, would have probably involved a detour to the west along Spence St to a Keilor Township street (not named on the parish map but running from Spence St to Keilor Rd) which is now the south end of Fosters Rd (as indicated by the line of the western boundary of Keilor Cemetery.) As there were no doglegs in Fosters Rd the angle of the south-west bearing section of Fosters Rd must have been changed so the new road would run directly into the
un-named township street, as common sense would dictate.

If it was a hot day,or the traveller was heading to North Pole Road,he might have travelled east along Spence St to the line of Collinson St and headed south to Keilor Rd where he could quench his thirst at Henry Eldridge's Sir John Franklin Hotel on the left corner*.

(*Extract from the c/a 18A entry in my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.
The Sir John Franklin hotel, shown on the east corner of Collinson St and Keilor Rd in the 1860 survey map, was actually on lot 1 of allotment A and Henry Elridges purchase of this land from Charles Bradshaw is recorded in 20 361. Eldridge bought his corner block for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. It consisted of 1 acre 3 roods and 17 perches, having frontages of 132 ft to Keilor Rd and 606 ft on the western boundary (Collinson St).

Most of the township blocks in today's Keilor Park were consolidated into farms by the likes of William and Sarah Connor and James Harrick and the township streets heading north-south were never properly made and mostly disappeared.

When I was elected to Keilor Council in 1974, I pledged to focus on Keilor Park and one of the main issues was to get the government road (Fosters Rd) properly made. One of the residents who became a good mate,Mrs Lee, wrote an excellent history of the Keilor Park Reserve which has been quoted in the history of the Keilor Park Football Club. My shrewd Tullamarine Ward colleague,Leo Dineen, managed to get most of the main roads near Keilor Park and Tullamarine made at the expense of the Commonwealth Government.

1 comment(s), latest 3 months ago


An excellent history of Flemington by Marcus Breen, borrowed from the Newmarket Library when I was researching my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA in the 1990's, examines the rival claims of James Watson and William Fleming to have named the Flemington area, the decision going to the former.

Post Office opened 1st January 1854
The naming of the suburb of Flemington* has been a subject for debate for over 100 years. Back in 1908 there
were differences of opinion by men, including some who had been involved in its origins; but the general
consensus was, even then, that the racecourse preceded the village.

A couple of months after a grudge match was held on the course between two men on their mares, the first
official race was held on a warm 3rd March, 1840, between two two-year-old colts. There were several
other races over the first three-day meet, and the marshal of the course was William Tulip Wright, the first
postmaster for Bulla. (P.17, State of Victoria Early Postal Cancels (and History) Illustrated, Section III: January to August 1854.)

(*The first result on trove for Flemington, describing the locality, is the following.
Domestic Intelligence. THE ELECTIONS.
The Melbourne Argus (Vic. : 1846 - 1848) Tuesday 3 November 1846 p 2 Article
... of sheep, horses, and cattle announced by Messrs. Mickle and Lilburn, to take place at Flemington on the Salt Water River on Wednesday at twelve ... 1164 words.)

There was a previous mention of Flemington (in Scotland) in a notice regarding a wedding that took place in Keillor,but would you believe it, the paper forgot to include the name of the groom! I am 99% confident that the groom was James Watson, who was responsible for the names of both Flemington and Keilor,both of which could
have been described in early days as being at the Saltwater River.

At Port Phillip, on 31st December, at the residence of John Hawdon, Esq , Keillor, to Elizabeth, second daughter of the late James Ross, Esq, of Flemington, Morayshire, Scotland.Family Notices
(The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) Friday 19 February 1841 Edition: MORNING p 3)
N.B.This follows the wedding notice of Peter Young, most likely the Bulla pioneer.

In the Will of Elizabeth Watson, late wife of James Watson, of the Saltwater River, near Melbourne, in the District of Port Phillip, and Colony of New South Wales, Gentleman, deceased.
NOTICE is hereby given, to all parties interested, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the date of the publication hereof, application will be made to the Supreme Court of New South Wales for the District of Port Phillip in Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that Probate of the Will of the said Elizabeth Watson, deceased, may be granted to Henry Moor, of Melbourne, in the said District of Port Phillip Esquire, the sole Executor named in and appointed by the Will of the said Elizabeth Watson, deceased.
Dated this third day of June, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Seven
HENRY MOOR*.(P.3, The Melbourne Argus, 4-6-1847.)

*Henry Moor was a grantee between the road to Raleigh's punt (Epsom Rd) and the Saltwater River, north of Major Newsom of "Myross"(after whom Newsom St was named.) As Elizabeth had obviously not come out with her family, Henry may have been her guardian.

James Watson had come out as a representative of the Marquis of Ailsa, hence Ailsa St in Keilor. When did he purchase his land that he called FLEMINGTON?

There are many Doutta Galla parish maps online but I have not yet found one that gives the date on which grants were issued. In 1849 James Watson obtained the part of section 13 between Lincoln Rd and the house blocks on the east side of McCracken St, Essendon, and supposedly built a woolstore on the site of the Lincolnshire Arms hotel built by Tulip Wright, a native of Lincolnshire, not long afterwards. If James Watson did name Flemington, he would have had to be on crown allotments 14 and 15 Doutta Galla by 1846,probably under an occupation licence.

OCCUPATION LICENSES. Survey Office, Melbourne, 20th April, 1847.
The Melbourne Argus (Vic. : 1846 - 1848) Tuesday 18 May 1847 p 1
Lot 23, which had been lot 30 on 27-5-1846, and had been "selected", consisted of 696 acres in the parish of Doutta Galla and its present occupier was James Watson. Lot 53 which had been lot 34 on 27-5-1846 was occupied by the executors of Elizabeth Watson and consisted of 1152 acres in the parish of Maribyrnong.

The latter was Keilor, much of which would soon come into the ownership of of William Taylor of Overnewton.

In order to establish whether James Watson's 696 acres selected in May 1846 (if not earlier)consisted of crown allotments 14 and 15 of section 4, Doutta Galla,I again consulted the parish map and this time found one that specified the dates on which grants were issued. (Not only that but also the suburban allotments west of boundary Road granted to pioneers such as George Scarborough, JOHN RANKIN and J.T.Smith after whom Smith St was obviously named.)

The Kensington area and James Watson's Flemington are shown on map 3 on the following website:
Doutta Galla, County of Bourke - Slv -‎

Flemington consisted of only 310 acres,bounded by the line of Racecourse Rd, Ascot Vale Rd, the line of Kent St and the Moonee Ponds Creek. C. and D.T. Kilburn were granted 139 acres in c/a 12 and 13 on 8-12-1847,the same day that James bought Flemington and it is likely that James had been occupying their grants. If so,that would make the total 449 acres. Add 131 acres (and 28 perches) for 13D west of Lincoln Rd and the total is 580 acres. That leaves (696-580=116 acres) of the leasehold to account for. The missing piece of the jigsaw is not John Watson and Edward Byam Wight's grant east of today's Kensington Rd, which became Wight's "The Ridge" (recalled by the Ridgeway)because that was only 68 acres, so it was probably the part of today's Keilor Park bounded by the river, Spence St, Collinson and Mt Alexander Rd in section 19 Doutta Galla,the part of the Keilor Village reserve east of the river.

One thing is certain; James Watson was leasing "Flemington" before 3-11-1846 when the locality name first appeared in a newspaper.


See comment 1.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago


Information about Bulla's schoolteacher from about 1885 who was teaching at Trentham by 1893 and owned a property at Eltham where he became a Justice of the Peace can be found in the GILSENAN entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. If his wife, Harriet (nee Wilkins),was like most mothers of the bride she must have spent most of 1904 planning weddings and knitting clothes for the expected grandchildren!

You'll never guess the clever name the Watsons had for their farm at Trentham!


The failed North Melbourne to Essendon railway, built by Hugh Glass and Peter McCracken and others, closed in 1864 and the government's slowness to purchase the line was probably responsible for the "accidental" medication overdose that caused the death of Glass and Peter McCracken's loss of "Ardmillan". However the government finally acted, extending the line circa 1872 as the North Eastern railway which eventually reached Albury.

There was no station at such a lonely place as today's Strathmore but by the mid 1850's there were two pubs virtually across the road from each other. A descendant of the Morgan family has a terrific website about the Cross Keys Hotel which includes a photograph of the original hotel.This is the website.

Morgan family at Cross Keys Hotel Essendon - Home‎
North Essendon was formerly known as Hawstead and was in the Parish of Doutta Galla, County of Bourke. Bob said the details were a bit confusing and I have ...

The researcher asked the owner of the new Cross Keys about the original Cross Keys and was told that it was across the road. There was certainly an old hotel across the road but it wasn't the Cross Keys. I have sent the researcher the following information.

The owner of the Cross Keys was right about an old hotel being across Pascoe Vale Road from the Cross Keys but wrong about assuming that it was the original Cross Keys. It was on the site of Melfort Avenue,the block at Hawstead granted to John Haslett.

Ellen Haslitt (sic), National Hotel, Moonee Ponds. Granted.
(P.6, Argus, 16-4-1856.)
N.B. Moonee Ponds meant near the Moonee Ponds Creek, not the suburb.

Sam Merrifield's Annals of Essendon had an entry circa 1888 about a fellow called Robinson who apparently had just bought the hotel and was advertising some sort of race (bike?) to promote his hotel which he must have renamed as the Melfort. My old mate, Bob Chalmers, does not seem to have included this entry in his annals.

Hotel owners were wise to follow Morgan's scheme to protect his Cross Keys ( as you have described) because the Melfort was soon targeted.

Between 1 a.m. and 6 ajn. on Thursday,
burglars made a raid, which in its particular line
has not often been surpassed, on the Melfort
Hotel, which stands in a rather lonely spot on the
Pascoe Vale-road, Moonee Ponds, near Melbourne.
The place had been closed by Mr. Thomas
Adams, the licensee, at the usual hour, and
he and his family retired to rest. It was rather
a wild night, and. they, slept soundly. No noise
was heard by them, but on rising at 6 o'clock
Adams was astonished to find the front door open,
and a large proportion of his liquor stock
gone, in addition to six large boxes of
cigars and some cash. When the place
was thoroughly examined, it was found tbat the
work of the robbers had been effected with much
determination. They bad first examined all the
windows on the ground floor looking into the
street ; but finding the catches too strong, and
probably being chary of breaking the glass and
thus causidg- a noise, had obtained a carpenter's
brace and bit, and bored boles all round
the the woodwork near the back of the
bar door. The wood was then taken out
in one piece and the lock pushed back. Tbe
bar was then at their mercy, and they carried. ofiE,
amongst other property, 24db of tobacco, a keg of
whiskey, a number of bottles of brandy and
whiskey, a dozen bottles of ale, and so forth.- The
money bad been taken from the till. In order to
carry the plunder away they must have bad a
horse and conveyance. They left no clue.
Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Saturday 3 August 1889 p 5 Article.)

Incidentally the names of HASLETT and BERGIN will be discussed in my BULLA or BROADMEADOWS journal re the Somerton Rd area. I will be checking but offhand,Haslett was the grantee of Sherwood/Ballater Park if I remember correctly and Bergin had a small grant on section 3 Bulla Bulla near the cemetery.

xxx thanks so much for your contact on my webpage and the information you have sent me regarding the other Hotel on Pascoe Vale Road.

One of these days I will find time to go through the land titles for the Cross Keys Hotel for myself. Probably not until I retire though.

I "googled" you and have found your Strathmore History page. I'm looking forward to reading through it. I must admit I get so confused with all the different names in the area, ie Hawstead, North Essendon, Pascoe Vale, Moonee Ponds. I suppose boundaries changed over the years?

I also see you are into Tullamarine history. I have been searching for more descendants of my Morgans from the Cross Keys Hotel. My grandmother's eldest brother was John "Jack" Adams who apparently died in a nursing home at Tullamarine in 1983. I have been told Jack may have been some sort of caretaker at a farm around Craigieburn/Yuroke. In the Vic electoral roles his address was with his son Morgan Adams at 51 Fraser Street Niddrie from 1963 until 1980.
If you happen to use the link to Jack in my tree is


It may just be co-incidence but Fraser St was close to the northern boundary of "Niddrie" (17B, Doutta Galla) whose eastern boundary is indicated by Treadwell St off Keilor Rd and Nomad Rd in Essendon Aerodrome. If I remember correctly,the farm was purchased by Dr. (Patrick?) Morgan in 1906. Patrick may actually have been the author of the family history THE MORGANS OF NIDDRIE. I don't know if this family was connected to your CROSS KEYS mob but family folklore would know of any doctors in the family.

There were plenty of Morgans around the area, Fred Morgan who married a Knight girl and farmed The Pines at Pascoe Vale and was somehow related to Joseph and John English who bought Fawkner's Belle Vue Park and built the mansion at the top of Oak Park Court; I think The Pines was part of Belle Vue Park.
(BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, Richard Broome.)

There was also a Morgan who bought Camp Hill at Tullamarine (from the Gilligans in about 1913 if I remember correctly) and W.R.Morgan who started an engineering firm in Glenroy and later transferred his operations to about the site of Hannah Pascoe Drive on the Moonee Ponds Creek floodplain on Camp Hill (renamed Gowanbrae by Scott.)

You wouldn't happen to have any idea of the owner of the property that Jack Adams was managing near Yuroke/
Craigieburn? Poole,Saunders,Simmie, Alston etc?

Hawstead was probably a place in the old country that the surveyor had come from and is the only case I have come across where suburban blocks (surveyed in every township) were actually given a suburb name. The name probably disappeared because it was replaced by NORTH PARK, which was probably a farm name before Alexander McCracken built his mansion of that name (now the Columban Mission) on the block. Part of Pascoeville/ Pascoevale/ Pascoe Vale became Oak Park when Hutchinson of the Glenroy flour mill changed the name of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park to Oak Park because of the many oak trees that Fawkner had planted.

Strathmore was known as North Essendon, as was the area near the Essendon Crossroads (near Keilor Rd corner) until the North Essendon Progress Association finally got a station near the Cross Keys. Names for the Stations (Strathmore, Glenbervie) were both places associated with Thomas Napier's native area in Scotland.

Moonee Ponds meant NEAR THE MOONEE PONDS CREEK for a great many decades.


If any other researchers of the Morgans of the Cross Keys Hotel would like to get in touch with Kerryn Taylor,send me a private message or contact her through her website.

Dr. Cole, district coroner, held an inquest yesterday afternoon, at the Cross Keys Hotel, Pascoevale-road. Essendon North, on the body of John Morgan, licensee of that hotel. He was found drowned on Thursday afternoon, in a tank on the premises containing 10ft. of water. The deceased had employed two men to effect some repairs to the tap, which was out of order and during the course of their work they had to go to a buggy-shed, some few
yards away, to obtain some implements.

Morgan at that time was standing on the top of the tank, the lid of which was off. Hearing a splash they returned, to find Morgan missing. About 10 minutes elapsed before they could recover his body, life being
then extinct. There being no evidence to show how the deceased had got into the water, an open verdict was returned.(P.19, Argus, 1-3-1907.)

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago


In a history of Essendon's historic houses, or historical origins of street names in the Essendon area,probably written by Lenore Frost,it was stated that James Hearn was the son-in -law of William John Turner Clarke (often referred to as "Big" Clarke.) At the time of Big Clarke's death,he was practically paralysed and was being cared for at "Roseneath",the residence of James Hearn.

Roseneath was just east of the water reserve at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Woodland St and was later the residence of William Salmon who donated part of his estate (Salmon Reserve) to the Essendon Council. The part of the Township of Essendon north of Glass St, named "Hawstead" contained larger "suburban" blocks and the one on which Roseneath was built seems to have been granted to a member of Big Clarke's family. GET ALLOTMENT DETAILS.

Despite claims that William Pomeroy Greene of Woodlands was responsible for the name of Woodland St,the above author (if my memory is correct)stated that the street name came from a huge estate/run in the west of Victoria held by Big Clarke. Greene may have been responsible for the naming of Essendon, being associated with a village of that name in England whose Anglican Church still has a font donated by the Greene family. This latter article (font etc)was in the Essendon Historical Society newsletter. The Water Reserve,fed by Five Mile Creek,is now Woodlands Park.

Since I started researching my SAFETY BEACH journal,I have been trying, unsuccessfully, to prove that either James Hearn or John Vans Agnew Bruce (a big contractor from Essendon who owned, by 1863,the 1000 acres of Safety Beach etc north of the line of Martha Cove Waterway or Tassells Creek leased by Edwin Louis Tassell)was a son-in-law of Big Clarke.

"THORNGROVE" in the parish of Yuroke was granted to Big Clarke and later owned by James Hearn, as was a grant a bit further south in the parish of Will Will Rook that Hay Lonie had been leasing as a dairy farm. Big Clarke was said to have bought all of Jamieson's Special Survey in stages and (a) sold the northern 1000 acres to Bruce at a big profit (LIME LAND LEISURE) OR (b)given it to his son-in-law,Bruce, as a wedding present (A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) The Survey was the northern part of the parish of Kangerong and immediately north of the Sea Lane (Ellerina/Bruce Rd)in the parish of Moorooduc, was the Mount Martha Run,last held by James Hearn who received the grants for most of it, along the coast from Balcombe Creek's mouth to Hearn's Rd,the Dalkeith pre-emptive Right (north to White's Lane, now Range Rd)and other land east to the Tubbarubba diggings.

The passing of ownership from Big Clarke to James Hearn of two large tracts north /west of Melbourne and ownership of adjoining property near Mt Martha and even Clarke's death at Roseneath could just indicate a very close friendship,akin to that between Edward Williams and Sidney Smith Crispo,the former managing Manners-Sutton (west of Canterbury Jetty Rd)in early days and buying the latter's Eastbourne estate at Rosebud West,even caring for the great Crispo there during his last days. However it seems more likely that the association between Clarke and Hearn was more than just a friendship,probably a relationship.

While asking that great detailer of history,Isaac Batey, about John Rankin with the aid of trove,the truth may have finally emerged.
During my stay in the Riverina, falling in with Mr. James Hearne, a first cousin of the late Sir William Clarke,I learnt that (etc.) (P.4, Sunbury News, 4-7-1903.)

Sir William was Big Clarke's son and built Rupertwood (named after his own son) where the tradition of "The Ashes" started. I'm hoping that a F.T.C. member has a copy of the Clarke family history and can provide the exact details of the Clarke-Hearn relationship.My guess is that Big Clarke's wife was a Hearn. Help!


I found this fantastic description while trying to work out when Jessie Sheppard was replaced on Crowe's Hill by Thomas Crinnion. It has some unknowns (Mr Lincolne)and spelling errors (the occupant of "Stewarton") but is so valuable that I had to interrupt my Bulla research to record it. As "young" creates thousands of results on trove,I have been unable to verify Peter Young owning (or leasing from the Crown) much land in the parish of Doutta Galla (a claim which could be based on this article!) Following the description of the route and terrain, I can only guess that Peter Young was on St John's (section 23 Doutta Galla) and that he was leasing from Lady Franklin, the hill being at Strathmore Heights near Strathnaver Avenue. Where farms can be identified, their names will be provided, inserted into the article as headings in upper case and bold type.

The Glenroy Estate is a special case. Bounded by the line of Rhodes Parade,the Moonee Ponds, Johnstone St/Camp Rd and (roughly)the line of Morley/Valencia/Fairview Sts,it was never a Run but part of a large purchase in the parish of Will Will Rook,made in Sydney on 12-9-1838 by speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Donald Kennedy bought land north of Broadmeadows Township, and the estate described above,cheaply following the 1843 depression. The Camerons probably leased much of the Glenroy Estate for about a decade and named it Glenroy.

The only farm on the Glenroy estate in early times whose name has been specified was Robert McDougall's "Cona" from whence he moved to Aitken's Estate for about a decade before buying Arundel,according to his obituary. Robert was on Cona by 1849 when he wrote a letter to John Pascoe Fawkner in his time machine, finishing the letter exactly a year before he started. That'll make you read the letter!
By the way the Five Mile Creek flowed through the water reserve at Melway 28 F1, along Salmon Reserve meet the Moonee Ponds Creek at 28 J-K2; the National School just north of the Junction was accessed via GOVERNMENT ROAD. The Young Queen bridge was the Pascoe Vale bridge,the Young Queen Inn being on the west side of the road just north of the bridge.

Robert McDougall's letter revealed why the tenants (i.e. on the Glenroy Estate) did not contribute to the making of Pascoe Vale Rd. (P.4, Argus, 23-11-1849.)

(From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
THE agricultural district known as Moonee Ponds, is one of the largest and perhaps the most important in the
colony. The general richness and fertility of its soil, the improved system of farming already extensively introduced within its bounderies, and its contiguity to the metropolis are alone sufficient to justify the appellation.

But it comprises amongst its farmers a large proportion of those enterprising agricultural pioneers, who are becoming to this oolony what the Webbs, the Portlands, and the Mechis have for many years been to the mother
country. With an instinctive determination to excel, not only in the tillage of their lands, but in the formationof their herds and flocks, they have pursued their aim with an industrious energy and discriminating judgment that has already resulted in considerable benefit to their brother farmers. On some farms in the district the use of agricultural machinery in almost every branch of farm labour has been reduced to a practical success and a course of action defined that will afford farmers the opportunity of counteracting to a considerable extent, the existing unprofitable rate of wages. On others, herds have been formed that would by no means occupy an unfavourable position, if placed in actual comparison with the most famed stock in England.

And it will be sufficient to substantiate this remark, if I ínstance the yearling short-horn bull bred by Mr. Rawdon Greene, which obtained the first prize of its class at the recent annual show of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society, and its dam, " Bonnet the Fourth," which was also awarded the first prize of its class. The practical value that must attach to the introduction and propagation, in the colony of this first-class stock cannot be too highly estimated.

My first point of observation in the district was at Essendon. On the right of the road from Melbourne Mr. M'Phail cultivates some land, but only to a limited extent. He farms on a much larger scale on the
Deep Creek, also in the Moonee Ponds district.
(Heritage Studies stated that McPhail had owned the part of Hawstead on which Alexander McCracken built his North Park mansion (now the Columban Mission), McPhail seeming to have bought it from William Kissock. The so- called Deep Creek farm was James Robertson's Spring Hill, which is today's Aberfeldie, where McPhail hosted the first Presbyterian services in Essendon. The so-called Moonee Ponds farm would have been "Rosehill" on Main's Estate between Rosehill Rd and Buckley St.)

Mr.Cooke, of the Lincolnshire Arms hotel, has a well-cultivated farm on the left of the road, and here it will be remembered the recent trial of mowing machines under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society took
place. The principal crop was oats, a large extent of which was cut for hay. The crop was fully an average,
and in some places exceedingly heavy.

About a mile beyond Mr. Cooke's, on the road to Keilor, is an excellent farm belonging to Mr. Lincolne. The crop was generally good, chiefly oats, and has been harvested in capital order. (See comment 1 below the journal.)

SPRING PARK. (17a Doutta Galla.)
Adjoining Mr. Lincolne's is a large farm belonging to Mr. Patrick Phelan, and quite a baronial residence has been built upon it by the proprietor. About 150 acres were under crop, chiefly with oats, of which the principal portion was cut for hay. Harvesting operations were entirely completed about a fortnight ago ; the crops were all good, and were stacked in prime order.

On the left of the road, opposite Mr.Phelan's, are the farms of Mr. John Dick, Mr.Kavanagh, and Mr. Wilson. Upon all, oaten hay is the principal product, but harvest has only been completed within the last few days.
(See my journal "1888 Geography with the Melbourne Hunt" re James Wilson's farm "Spring Farm" on Main's Estate west of Hoffmans Rd. I can supply title information about Kavanagh and John Dick.)

ST JOHNS? (23 Doutta Galla.)
Turning to the right at this point, and crossing the Deep Creek road in the parish of Doutta Galla, I came upon Mr. Young's farm, nearly in the centre of the Moonee Ponds district. The harvest had been completed, and a steam threshing machine was very expeditiously knocking out tho grain. On this farm about 140 acres were under crop ; 100 were in oats cut for hay, and about 16 saved for seed; only 10 acres were in wheat.

I mention those particulars, which rule throughout the larger extent of the district, as evidence that farmers within a certain distance of tho metropolis regard the growth of hay as more profitable than the production of corn.

BELLE VUE PARK. (253 acres east of Pascoe Vale Rd bounded on the south and west by the Moonee Ponds.)
Crossing a running creek at the foot of the hill upon which Mr. Young's farm is situated I entered the parish of Pascoevale(sic). Here Mr. John Pascoe Fawkner has a pretty estate, which I admired less for the extent of its cultivation, than for the thoroughly English-like appearance it presents. It is surrounded and intersected with high and shrub-like fences, that irresistibly remind one of the green hedgerows of old England.
(Parish of Jika Jika!)

The avenue by which the homestead is approached is prettily bordered with flowery shrubs and majestic aloes. The effect is pleasing, and affords a welcome relief to the endless posts and rails and stone walls with which, with but rare exceptions, Victorian farms are fenced.

CONA. North of Victoria St. Probably the part of section 1 Will Will Rook west of Pascoe Vale Rd.)
Above Mr. Fawkner's estate is the farm of Mr. M'Dougall. The excellence of this gentleman's herd is well known, and it has received some valuable additions by his recent importations.

Well, If the journalist couldn't come up with something interesting and new to say about Robert McDougall, I've got a beauty! Robert was a brother-in-law of Sunbury's Peter Eadie,both having married daughters of John Rankin of Roseneath at the corner of Macaulay and Rankins Rds at Kensington.
At Roseneath Cottage, near Flemington, on Wednesday, 20th inst., by special license, by the Rev.John Reid, Minister of St. John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla, Robert McDougall, Esq., of Glenroy, to Margaret, eldest daughter of John Rankin, Esq. (P.4, Argus,26-7-1853.)

Opposite this farm is that of Mr. James Macintosh, M.L.A.,known as the Glenroy Estate. Here about 300 acres
were, under crop, and the whole extent has been harvested and stocked in capital order. Oaten hay was the
principal product, and the yield will average about 2½ ton to to the acre. The extent to which machinery is
used upon this farm, and the oomplete success which has attended its application to almost every branch of labour, merit especial notice.

I have already said that about 300 acres were cropped with oats, nearly the whole of which was cut for hay.
Five of Kitchener's mowing machines were simultaneously employed upon the crop, and in six days 260 acres
were cut down. The swathes were gathered with horse rakes, and twelve one-horse carts kept in constant operation for carting. The hay was unloaded and stacked with sufficient expedition to keep the twelve carts at full work, by means of an elevator of more prodigious power and improved construction than I have hitherto seen.

The principle upon which this implement is made, is similar to that of the elevators now ordinarily attached
to threshing machines to ensure greater facility in stacking tho straw. But it is made upon a far larger scale,
and is provided with an immense platform on to which the load is overturned, and from which it is gradually
elevated to any required height by tho machine. This system of gradual elevation is a decided improvement
upon those machines which grapple the load and transfer it bodily, or in only two portions, to the stack. By
the latter process, not only is it absolutely necessary to have more men upon the stack to dispose of the load,
but it is manifest it cannot be so thoroughly separated, and must therefore deteriorate in quality. Besides this Mr. Macintosh's machine is fully and equably employed, and can be driven at a rate that will unload each onehorse cart in two minutes.

There is a stationary steam engine upon the farm, which is used to drive the threshing machine, chaff-cutter, oat crusher, and any other implement for which it is available. Formerly, the practice pursued by Mr. Macintosh was to cut all his oaten-hay for sale, and send it to market in bags. An excellent contrivance has been devised for accomplishing this labour cheaply and expeditiously. Adjacent to the chaff cutter a hole has been dug sufficiently large to hold one full sack. It is covered by a trapdoor in which a circular hole is cut, one half of its circle being in each half of the trap. The sack is lowered when empty through this aperture, and its mouth fastened to the trap door, and held open, by steel hooks. The cut hay is swept from the delivery board into the sack, and a boy fills it and presses the chaff down by stomping upon it. The bag is thus filled fuller than it could be otherwise and the labour of one pair of hands to hold open its mouth altogether spared. With one man to drive the engine, two to draw the hay, one to feed the machine, one boy to fill and press the bags, and one man to sew them up, from four to five tons of hay per day can be cut, and sacked up ready for delivery.

But all the arrangements at Glen Roy partake of the oharacter of those upon a model farm. The outbuildings are
newly built, and exceedingly convenient and commodious. The horse stock, of which seven or eight teams are constantly employed, are useful and well-bred animals ; and the manner in which every operation upon the farm is conducted and finished testifies the superintendence of a practical farmer in the truest sense of the term.

All who are conscious that their own system of management affords scope for improvement, and are anxious to know how it can be best accomplished, will I conceive profit by a visit to Mr. Mackintosh's farm.

Again crossing the road in the direction of Broadmeadows, and leaving Mr. M'Dougall's farm on the left, the track leads on to two large farms occupied respectively by Messrs. James, and Gordon Cameron, the former gentleman had 200 and the latter 250 acres under crop. Nearly the whole extent of Mr.Gordon Cameron's cultivation is for oaten hay, and Mr.James Cameron's, wheat and seed oats, in about equal proportions. The crops here were generally good, and harvest is now entirely finished.

STEWARTON (GLADSTONE FROM 1892) (Section 5 Tullamarine.)
The next farm belongs to Mr. M'Connecke, who had very nearly 300 acres under crop. Besides wheat and oats, Mr. M'Connceke had about twelve acres sown with peas which he had saved for seed. The crop was good, and promised a fair yield, but before it could be carted it was very much injured by a strong hot wind to which it was exposed
and which shaled out a large proportion of tho seed. There is also upon the farm a small extent of ground
with Sorghum Saccheratum. It is flourishing well, and is green and fresh looking, while almost every other
plant or grass is sere.

The following shows the correct spelling for the occupant of Stewarton but also that the Broadmeadows Road Board assessed a dead man on the property in 1863,unless the dead John had a cousin named John who took over the lease,or the John who died in 1859 was a visiting cousin of the occupant.

Maconochie.On the 19th ult., of consumption, at Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, aged 35,John W. Maconochie son of Alexander Maconochie, Archiestown, Morayshire, Scotland.(P.4, Argus, 16-7-1859.)

Adjacent to the township of Broadmeadows, Mr. Chadwick holds a large extent of grass land, but only cultivates a comparatively small portion. There are several farms on either side of the direct road from Melbourne beyond Broadmeadows, Messrs. Donald and John M'Kercher (sic), have respectively 200 and 100 acres in cultivation, and beyond their occupation is the farm of Mr. J. C. Cochrane, well known to the public as the owner of "Cochrane's Clyde."
William Chadwick may have been leasing Glen Allan or just part of the eastern area of the township where allotments were much bigger and many were bought by speculators.Donald McKerchar's Greenan was on the north west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Roads extending about a quarter of a mile,400 metres,to the west where it adjoined John McKerchar's "Greenvale".

On the left of tho same road there is a large extent of cultivation. Mr. Gordon had about 120 acres under crop.
Harvest is entirely finished in the locality, and when I was at Mr. Gordon's a steam threshing machine was in
active operation.

Mr. M'Lean has about 100 acres in cultivation adjoining Mr. Gordon's farm. Mr. M'Lean's production is chiefly confined to corn, and the same remark will apply to nearly all the farmers in this locality.

The next farm is held by Mr. McNab, and here harvest is not yet completed. When I visited the farm, there was
a considerable extent of wheat still standing. About 150 acres are under crop, principally in wheat. One paddock is being fallowed. There is a scarcity of good water in this locality, except where largad large tanks have been made to preserve the rainfall.

Beyond Mr. M'Nabs, and in a direct line with Crow's Hill, is Mr. Alexander Mackintosh's farm. About 90 acres are in cultivation, but clearing has been only recently commenced upon the farm, and a considerably larger extent will be cropped next season.

On the right of this farm Mr. Toogood has about 100 acres under crop. Wheat and seed oats are the staple products. On Crow's Hill, Mr. Macpherson farms largely. The harvest is somewhat backward, and a considerable extent remains uncleared.

Pursuing the tract to the left, and keeping Crow's Hill to the right,the next farm belongs to Mr. Murdoch Mackintosh. Here 137 acres of oats were cut for hay, and 30 saved for seed. One paddock is being fallowed, and there are about 2 acres planted with bolcus, and about the same extent with mangold wurtzel and carrots respec-
tively. The crops upon the farm are generally good, and great care is bestowed upon the management of each
department. There is a fruit garden, comprising about 3½ acres really densely studded with vines, peach, pear,
apple, plum, and apricot trees. The vines, promise a positively redundant yield, and their branches were
loaded down with fruit. The plum and, apricot trees have borne an equally prolific yield, and the pear trees
are more thickly hung with fruit than leaves. The ground has never been manured, but has all been double
trenched to a depth of twenty-four inches.

I was shewn two excellent draught entires in tip top condition, not-withstanding their season is now about finished. One of them is the celebrated Prince Charlie, which won the first prize and one stake in the champion cup, at the recent show of the Port Phillip Farmers Society.Mr. Macintosh is peculiarly fortunate in preserving an excellent supply of good water. It is chiefly obtained from three natural springs in the course of the creek that intersects his farm. I may add that all the crops upon the farm were cut by machinery, and stacked by an
elevator, but of an inferior description to that I have alluded on Mr. James Macintosh's farm, at Pascoe-

Emerging upon the Sunbury Road, in the parish of Bulla, I turned again towards Melbourne. One of the first estates on the left of the road in that direction belong to Mr. Rawdon Greene. I regret that the absence of the proprietor prevented me inspecting his valuable herd of Shorthorns, but the merits of both his horse and cattle stock are too well-known and appreciated to need commendation here.

GLENDEWAR. (Much of section 15,Tullamarine.)
Passing on towards the Deep Creek, about half a mile from the roadside is the farm of Mr. Dewar. Here about 200 acres are under crop, 50 of which are in wheat, 5 in peas, and the remainder in oats - of the latter only 35 acres were saved for seed. The crops were generally good, and have been stacked in prime order.

GOWRIE PARK.(The 560 acres of 14 Tullamarine south west of Bulla Rd; most of Melbourne Airport.)
On the right of the road of this point is Mr. Duncan's farm, on which the recent trial of reaping machines, under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was held. The crops here were good, for although light in straw, they were exceedingly heavily headed, and promise a very fair field.

There are one or two other farms in this immediate locality, and a few miles beyond it, is Mr. Young's
farm Doutta Galla, from which point, after leaving Essendon, I oommenced my ride through the Moonee
Ponds District. (THE HARVEST IN VICTORIA. (From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Tuesday 31 January 1860 p 6 Article.)


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