itellya on FamilyTreeCircles - journals

itellya on Family Tree Circles

sort: Date Alphabetical
view: full | list

Journals and Posts


The title has been expanded to include the families into which the children of Robert White and Hill Hillis married, as well as showing the circumstances of how Joseph Simpson and Miss McIlroy met were very similar to those of Hill Hillis and his wife - different counties but close neighbours.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Glenone (from Irish: Cluain Eoghain, meaning "Eoghan's meadow")[1] is a small village and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 318. It is within the Magherafelt District Council area.
Portglenone lies a short distance across the Lower River Bann (to the east) and Inishrush is a short distance to the west.

Who would have guessed that Glenone Avenue at Melway 159 F9 was the name of a village in Northern Ireland? It was probably chosen for the name rather than Portglenone, where Hill Hillis and Sarah McKeown were married, because it was shorter.

In 1919 William McKeown was assessed on 23 acres and orchard, crown allotment 2, section E, Dromana. Little did the rate collector suspect that a know-all called itellya would find that crown allotment 2 consisted only of 12 acres 3 roods and 24 perches! Crown allotment 1, on which Glenone Ave. is situated, consisted of 9 a. 2 r. 16 p., was the only nearby block that could make a total of 23 acres (23 a. 2 r. 0 p.)
Arthur John McKeown had 66.5 acres on the other (east) side of Towerhill Rd in section D. His land today includes Maud St and the Shaw McKeown Reserve; Maud McKeown married Archibald Vine Shaw.
That's the end of the story and now with the help of Stephen Lynch's PENINSULA PIONEERS, we'll go back to the start.

Hill Hillis and Sarah McKeown, both children of farmers, were born on either side of the Londonderry-Antrim* border in the Irish province of Ulster. Hill was born about 1817 in County Antrim. Sarah McKeown was born about 1922 in INISHRUSH, a small country village in County Londonderry two miles east of the border town of PORTGLENONE where Hill and Sarah were married on 12-3-1846 at the First Presbyterian Church. Hill and Sarah with their children, Mary, Margaret and William, left Ireland in 1854 to escape a famine caused by potato blight which had killed over a million people and forced double that number to emigrate.

They left Plymouth aboard the S.S. OITHONA on 21-10-1854 and arrived at Portland, Victoria on 3-1-1855. Hill and Sarah settled at Belfast (Port Fairy) where Sarah (1857) and Elizabeth (1859) were born. Sarah's brother, James McKeown,had travelled from Warrnambool to Red Hill in 1862 to select 215 acres and returned to marry Catherine Townsend Hill. It is likely that Hill and Sarah accompanied the newlyweds on their trip to Red Hill because their last child, Hadassah was born in (the parish of) Banarring in 1864.

The 215 acre selection was 73AB, Balnarring, on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd from a point opposite the Sheehans Rd corner east to Poffs. Their neighbours across the road in the parish of Kangerong, such as The Wisemans and Arkwells, had been paying rates to the Kangerong Road Board since 1864 but settlers in the parish of Balnarring (south and east of the thoroughfare now called Arthurs Seat and Red Hill Rds) paid no rates-and suffered deplorable tracks instead of roads. Having a gutful of this, they formed the Flinders Road Board which levied its first rates in 1869.

Unlike Kangerong, and the shire formed by the merger of the two road districts in 1874, the Flinders Road Board listed its ratepayers geographically rather than alphabetically, and this made it clear that Hill Hillis had 50 acres that adjoined James McKeown's 165 acres, both being on James McKeown's 215 acres for which he later received the grants (having bought them from the Crown.)

The children of Hill and Sarah McKeown and marriage year/spouses are listed below. All children of each marriage, and their years of birth, are given in Stephen Lynch's excellent PENINSULA PIONEERS, which inspired this journal.

Mary Anne (1846-1920) married James Davey (1845-1911)in 1871.
Margaret (1851-1888) married Blooming Bob White (1849-930) in 1877.
William James (1854-1924) married Annie Ault (1858-1919) in 1878.
Sarah (1857-1898) married Joseph McIlroy (1852-1935) in 1877.
Elizabeth (1859-1921) married William McIlroy (1859-1937) in 1878.
Hadassah (1864-1927) married Blooming Bob White in 1899, their only child being Vera, Stephen Lynch's paternal grandmother.

* This extract from my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal illustrates how the Simpsons were indirectly related to the other families, Joseph marrying a member of the McIlroy family as did two of the Hillis girls, AND how (like Hill and Sarah Hillis) a lad and a lass could live in different counties and still be close neighbours, an ingredient in the recipe for most marriages until depressions, war service and common car ownership changed the pattern.

William McIlroy , a farmer and flax merchant of Littlebridge* , County Londonderry, Ireland, sold his property in 1859 and emigrated in 1860. My journal about Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL tells of how William twice raised the money to bring his family out and also explains why his eldest son, William John, called his McIlroys Rd farm LITTLEBRIDGE. On 13-9-1861, Margaret Jane and the six McIlroy children sailed from Liverpool in the Donald McKay , arriving on 7-12-1861.

Robert and Margaret Simpson, also had a farm and flax mill in County Tyrone. (The boundary between the two counties is obviously a stream which ran the flax mill as the McIlroy and Simpson farms were two miles apart, as they later were at Red Hill.) Two of their sons, Thomas James and Joseph were born in Kingsmill, Joseph on 26-11-1837. During the gold rush to New Zealand in about 1868 they migrated there. After a while Joseph went to Melbourne and contacted the McIlroys who had been close neighbours in Ireland. On 8-10-1870, he married Mary Ann McIlroy, who was born in 1849, at the Presbyterian church in Richmond.

*My efforts to find Littlebridge and Kingsmill on one map were unsuccessful. However I believe that the boundary between them was the Blackwater River and that Kingsmill might have been renamed as Windmills. Kingsbridge and Windmills combined to form a team in the Gaelic Athletic Association, the only known instance of a club's catchment area straddling county boundaries.

Robert White (1804-1881), only child of Henry White and Margaret (nee Cairns) was born on 31-8 1804 in Menstrie* (or Menstry), Clackmannanshire, Scotland.
*Menstrie Mains, the farm after which Alexander Cairns named his grant on the north west corner of Browns and Boneo Rds at Boneo, was just south of the village of Menstrie.)

Robert married Elizabeth Russell on 20-5-1829 and they had seven children but the last died soon after her birth in 1850, as did her mother. In 1859, Robert brought his three youngest surviving children to Victoria, Janet (b.1839), Ann (b. 1842) and Robert (b.1849.) They arrived aboard the John Lynn on 25-6-1859 and probably went straight to the Cairns brothers' Little Scotland on the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds at Boneo.

In 1860, Janet gave birth at Boneo to a boy whose name was written on his birth certificate as Robert White. Later Janet married Charles James and the boy was brought up as Robert James but when he discovered his birth name he reverted to using it and was referred to as Bullocky Bob White. He died in 1941.

Charles James died in 1907 (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-2-1907). Janet, called Granny James in ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, had her first ride on a train at the age of 80, probably to move to Oakleigh where she died. Both Charles and Janet were buried at Dromana.
JAMES Charles� photo 23/01/1907 84
JAMES Janet photo 5/11/1921 90 (Age is wrong. She was born in 1939.)

Ann married Henry Bucher in 1866 and started a dynasty in Rosebud that is still well represented in the area. Rose Ann, delivered on 8-9-1867 by midwife Susan Peatey, is thought to have been the first white girl born in Rosebud. There is plenty of information about the couple and their descendants in tonkin's journals, such Henry's first, but never-used, first name being Arthur.

Robert White (b.1849) was only about 11 years old when his sister, Janet gave birth to Bullocky Bob White at Boneo. The family had probably gone to Little Scotland soon after their arrival; Robert White was rated on a hut leased from Cairns Bros. in the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment in 1864. The boy became a bullocky but because he refused to swear, he substituted BLOOMING as an alternative and became known as BLOOMING BOB WHITE.

His father bought the second Rosebud Fishing Village block east of the Jetty Rd extension in 1873 and probably crown allotment 18 Wannaeue in 1875. This land was between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd extending south to today's Eastbourne Rd. In 1881 Robert died at Menstry Hill, Rosebud, most likely the core of 19 Mitchell St which sits atop a knoll. Blooming Bob White, now 31 would have taken over ownership then if he had not already done so. His first wife, Margaret, died in 1888, and having three children aged about 9,7 and 3, he sold 18A and moved to Annie Moore's 27 acre "Glenferrie" at the north corner of White Hill Rd and McIlroys Rd in Red Hill where he could get some mothering for his children from female relatives such as Hadassah Hillis, whom he married in 1899.In 1914 Blooming Bob White and Hadassah moved to Crib Point where they died in 1930 and 1927 respectively.

It is with regret we have to chronicle the death, at the age of 56,of Mr James Davey, a respected resident of long standing at Frankston, which occurred at Melbourne on Friday last, Mr Davey, though years ago a sufferer on account of ill-health, had recently been exceptionally well, but an attack of cerebral hemorrhage about a fortnight ago necessitated him entering a hospital, and though he rallied somewhat, the attack proved fatal, as stated above.
The deceased gentleman, who had been living in St. Kilda for the past couple of years, was born at Gardiner's Creek, Victoria, but lived the greater part of his life at Davey's Bay, Frankston. He was the second eldest son of Mr Jas. Davey, one of the pioneers of this district, and after whom Davey's Bay was called. For some time the deceased gentleman lived at Red Hill, but the greater part of his life was passed at "Marysville," Davey's Bay, Frankston, erected by his father, Mr Jas. Davey, in 1851. Some interesting facts surround "Marysville," which was built at a cost of £2000, on elaborate lines, the slates and timber being brought over from Tasmania. In the early days "Marysville" was the mansion if the district. The old homestead was dis-mantled a few years ago by Mr A. H.Sargood, who purchased the land and erected a magnificent residence thereon,shortly after which Mr Davey moved to St. Kilda,after having spent about 40 years in the district. The deceased leaves a widow and family of six boys and four girls to mourn their loss. One of the sons, Mr Len Davey, is a resident of Mount Eliza, the others, as they have grown up, having removed to various parts. The funeral took place on Monday at the Kew Cemetery, the burial service being read by the Rev. Mr Rowells, of East Melbourne.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 4-11-1911.)

James Davey's grants near Red Hill were:
Forest Lodge, 23AB Kangerong, Melway 161F-G 11-12;
Seven Oaks, 79A, Balnarring, 161 J 11-12, from Craig Avon Lane south to Kentucky Rd corner.
c/a 28A, section B, Wannaeue, 190B 5-6 fronting Main Creek and William Rds, 158 acres 2 roods and 7 perches later divided into three 53 acre farms by Bullocky Bob White who received the grant for 27A1 immediately to the south under the name of Robert James.

The Davey Kannanuke* pre-emptive right was between Old Mornington Rd and Port Phillip Bay south to Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd.
(*As Kananook was written in early days.)

Back in 2011, I made a rather daring assumption that Henry Ault of Red Hill had died in Lakes Entrance, based solely on devotion to the Methodist Church. Last night I thought I was wrong when I discovered that he'd moved to Cunningham but after an hour of trying to locate this place, I discovered that it was the original name for Lakes Entrance. Phew!

Annie Ault who married William Hillis was Henry's only sister. Henry Ault had married a Hopcraft girl. Henry was on Pitcher's 71B, Balnarring at Melway 190 E-F 5-6. his father-in-law's grants fronted the east side of the northern end of Tucks Rd, Annie's husband, William Hillis, was on 23AB Wannaeue just west of 190A 5-6, James Davey was on 28A Wannaeue at 190 B5-6, Bullocky Bob White had 27A1 Wannaeue at 190 A-B 7-8 with John Hopcraft between him and Mornington-Flinders Rd. Quite an enclave!

The White/Hillis/McIlroy/Simpson connection was strung out along McIlroys and Red Hill Rds from Blooming Bob White's "Glenferrie" at 160 K11 to 191 A8.

Extract from my Dromana,Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
THE AULTS AND THE METHODIST CHURCH. Henry William Ault seems to have been a lay preacher in the Methodist Church. He was listed in Wises Dromana trades directory of 1895 as a carpenter. He had lived for many years in Lakes Entrance when he died on 14-11-1934, having remained a stalwart of the church. (Gippsland Times 19-11-1934 page 1.) Harry Ault of Sale had an important task as an engineer in W.W.2. H.J. Ault moved to Mile End in South Australia and named his house Dromana.

Henry William Ault was, by 1875, leasing Joseph Pitchers grant, 72B, Balnarring, of 140 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, at Red Hill. By 1887 he appears to have purchased the block, fronting the east side of Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 E-F5) and now occupied by Mock Orchards. The end of Pardalote Rise indicates its south east corner. (Balnarring parish map, Flinders and Kangerong Shire rates.)

The Dromana Methodist church was built by Brother Ault in May and June 1878 and Henry was an original trustee, along with Rev. Lindsay, John Coles, Edward Barker, Alexander Shand, C.D.Gunson and William McIlroy. (A Dreamtime of Dromana page 124.)

On Wednesday evening, January 27th, a representative meeting was held in the Methodist Church, under the auspices of the Mission Station and the local Rechabite Tent, to bid farewell to Mr H. W. Ault and his daughter, who are leaving Dromana to reside at Cunningham. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-2-1904.)

The friends of Mr. William Henry Ault, senior, will regret to hear that he passed away at his home, Lakes Entrance, on Wednesday last. Mr.Ault, who had been a resident of Lakes Entrance for very many years,was noted for his intense interest in nature study. He was quite an authority on the flora and fauna of the district. He maintained his interest up to the time he was forced to take to his bed some months ago. The Methodist Church also claimed much of his attention. He was a most conscientious worker in this cause, and for long his figure was a familiar object to residents of Lakes Entrance, as he made his way to the church Sunday after Sunday.(P.1, Gippsland Times.)

William Henry Ault
Born in Weeford, Staffordshire, England on 26 Jul 1818 to Joseph Ault and Frances Wilkes. William Henry married Hephzibah Mary Webb and had 6 children. He passed away on 17 Jul 1889 in Painswick, Victoria, Australia.
Family Members
Parents Joseph Ault Frances Wilkes
Spouse(s) Hephzibah Mary Webb 1822-1867
Children Henry William Ault 1845-1934, Edwin Ault 1848-Unknown,
Joseph Albert Ault 1852-1933, Alfred Ault 1853-Unknown,
Annie Elizabeth Ault 1858-1919, Herbert John Ault 1867-1869
Annie Elizabeth Ault
Born in Chinamans Flat on 1858 to William Henry Ault and Hephzibah Mary Webb. Annie Elizabeth married William Herbert Hillis (and had a child*). She passed away on 16 Apr 1919 in Trafalgar, Victoria, Australia.
* expects you to pay for such information! Stephen Lynch's PENINSULA PIONEERS lists their children and birth years as:
William 1879, Hephzibah 1881, Evelyn 1883, Joseph 1886 (died in W.W.1), George 1888, Henry 1891 (served in W.W.1), Stanley 1894 (died in W.W.1), Ann 1896.

Helen Elizabeth Hopcraft
Born in Boarstall, Buckinghamshire, England on 1852 to William Hopcraft and Mary Holtam. Helen Elizabeth married Henry William Ault and had 8 children. She passed away on 15 Oct 1891 in Arthurs Seat.
Family Members
Parents William Hopcraft 1824-1914 Mary Holtam 1827-1891
Spouse(s) Henry William Ault 1845-1934
Children William Henry Ault 1878-1929, Edwin Ault 1880-1951,
Joseph Albert Ault 1881-1882, Ernest William Ault 1883-1951,
Hephzibah Mary Ault 1885-1962, Herbert John Ault 1886-1965,
Coral Ault 1888-1891,Anne Helen Ault 1891-1964.

The marriage extends the connections between families in the title to Robert Henry Adams, who married Helen's sister and if I remember correctly the Sawyers and through Fred's Sawyer's marriage to a Hopcraft girl, the Prossers and Renoufs and Jonah Griffith of Dromana.
It seems as if Coral and Anne were twins and that the effort of producing two for the price of one led to their mother's death. After her death, Henry's life would have revolved around raising his motherless children. Hephzibah was only six when Helen died, so my guess is that Henry's sister Annie (Mrs William Hillis) played a great part in raising his children, in the same way as Blooming Bob White's second wife had helped raise her deceased sister's children before tying the knot.

The name of William Hillis had disappeared from Shire of Flinders and Kangerong ratebooks between the assessments of 1902 and 1903. He and Annie had moved away.This no doubt prompted Henry Ault's move to Cunningham (Lakes Entrance) in 1904.

Today, I traced the Ringrose grant year by year and these are my findings.
All entries relate to 60 acres of land in Kangerong. (Melway 190 K1 roughly.)
2-9-1865. 1-9-1866. 1-9-1867. Ringrose (surname only) was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong, a house being first mentioned in 1867 but probably there all the time.
5-9-1868. The given name, Brian, is recorded for the first time . The house had one room.
4-9-1869. The given name was altered with a stroke (/) to turn i into y. The house is not mentioned.
3-9-1870. There are no assessment numbers but the person to be rated is recorded as Bryan Ringrose.
2-9-1871. No Ass. No. After Bryan Ringrose's name that of William Hillas (sic) is written in inverted commas, probably indicating that William Hillis was leasing the 60 acres. William Hillis was not assessed on any other land.
7-9-1872. No Ringrose. No assessment numbers. William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres under H. One would assume that he had bought the land but with these rate collectors it is dangerous to assume anything.
6-9-1873. No Ass.No. Under H, William J.Hillis is crossed out and Francis Hirst is written above it. The owner's name, Ringrose, is not forgotten as it was in 1872.
5-9-1874, 2-10-1875, 15-9-1876. Under H, Francis Hirst was assessed each time with the owner being, respectively: Ringrose, Bryan Ringrose and Blank! Had it been sold this time?
14-9-1877. No listing under H (Hirst) or R (Ringrove). Look at every assessment in Centre Riding for 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose in "Owner" column. Job Sherwood was leasing the 60 acres from B.Ringrose.
27-7-1878. Job Sherwood still leasing from B.Ringrose. N.A.V. was 14 pounds. (I hadn't checked it previously but I did notice it had been 10 pounds earlier on.)
24-7-1879. Nothing under S. Nothing under R. Look through all centre riding assessments. Under D, Charles Daniel was recorded as leasing from B.Ringrose.
31-7-1880, 30-7-1881. Nothing under D. Check whole of centre riding again for 60 ac K or Ringrose in owner column. The property had been forgotten (see ASSESSMENTS entry) and at the very end it was noted, without an assessment number, that what looked like John Gawin was leasing from B.Ringrose. The 1881 entry was clearly John Galvin and he was a labourer but the owner column was blank. Had Galvin bought 18B Kangerong?
29-7-1882, 21-7-1883.(A.N. 276 and 275/150, in shire, in riding.) Occupant column blank but Bryan Ringrose was listed as the owner in both years. The 83-4 rates were paid by Mr Ellis on 26-5-1884. I think we can assume that Ellis meant Hillis.
19-7-1884. (Nothing near previous assessment numbers.) Check whole riding for 60 acres K or Ringrose in owner column. (A.N. 110.) William Kemp, orchardist, was leasing from B.Ringrose.
20-7-1885. Not one Kangerong property of 60 acres was listed. No Ringrose in owner column. This looks like it!
17-7-1886. I wrote nothing so the result must have been the same as for 1885.
16-7-1887. Between Rudduck (157) and Segrave (158) but with no assessment number or occupier name, Ringrose was listed as the owner. The rates were paid by Hillas (sic.)
Blank July, 1888. A.N.28. Ringrose in owner column.
Blank July, 1889. No 60 acres Kangerong assessed. Had it been absorbed into a large landholding or had the rate collector forgotten the property again? Hardly any entries in the owner column and no sign of Ringrose.
Blank July 1990. No 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose. A retrospective examination re William Hillis made sense of a baffling entry in 1891. In 1890, William Hillis was assessed on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong; to the left of this description, in tiny numerals, 60 was written above 213 (A.N. 98.) One would assume that this meant 60 acres in Wannaeue and 213 acres in Kangerong but as I said before, with these rate collectors don't assume anything.
William Hillis was granted 23A Wannaeue on 12-11-1888 and 23B Wannaeue on 10-12-1885. The first consisted of 59 acres 3 roods and 34 perches and is roughly indicated by Melway 171 H, part J-6. The second consisted of 153 acres o roods and 36 perches and is indicated by 171 pt.J, and K, 5-6. With 40 perches making a rood and 4 roods making an acre, the total of these two allotments is 213 acres and 30 perches. Therefore the 60 acre block was in Kangerong. Segrave's 60 acres were in Flinders and the only other 60 acre block, apart from Bryan Ringrose's 18B Kangerong, was Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" but this had become 233 acres years earlier.Therefore the land on which William Hillis was assessed in 1890 should read: 60 acres, 18B Kangerong and 213 acres, 23 AB Wannaeue.
Blank July, 1991. William Hillas (sic) was assessed on 60 acres Wannaeue and Kangerong. Perhaps William had mortgaged his grants or they may have been sequestered so he only had Bryan Ringrose's grant but because the rate collector wasn't sure whether the 60 or the 213 acre land was in Wannaeue, he kept the Wannaeue and Kangerong tag.
Blank July 1992. William Hillis could have had 60 acres Kangerong (preceded by an ink blot that looked a bit like a one or 160 acres.
If our Bryan Ringrose was disfigured and not often seen in public, it seems that William Hillis was one of his few friends. The following is being placed here rather than in the HILLIS entry so that it can be seen in context regarding the information from the rate books.

Bruce Bennett states on page 22 of THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE:
William Hillas (sic) owned land on the corner of Wilsons and Main Creek Rd (i.e. 23 AB Wannaeue) and 27* acres on the top of White Hill including Watermill Farm. He was named as a butcher in the 1884 rates and appears to have been Red Hill's first butcher.
(*Postscript. This sounds exactly like "Glenferrie" and he would have been leasing it from John and Annie Moore. It was later bought by Blooming Bob White who retained the Moores' name for the farm.)

While reading an extract from Joseph McIlroy's diary on page 19 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, where Joseph mentioned staying the night at Mr Hillis's place while bringing a steer back from Frankston on 9-3-1881, I was thinking of the Wannaeue land and presumed that for some reason he had travelled via Eaton's Cutting. Now it is pretty clear that he had travelled up White Hill Rd from Moat's Corner and stopped near the McIlroys Rd corner. William Hillis may have been leasing S.P.Calder's much later grant. He could not have been on Bryan's 18B because John Galvin seems to have been there from July 1880 to July 1882.

The 30-9-1899 assessment shows that William Hillis only had two lots in the railway estate, the triangular CROWN ALLOTMENT 13, SECTION 1 KANGERONG bounded by Palmerston Ave., Jetty Rd and Boundary Rd, in Dromana. He wouldn't be leaving much behind when he moved to Trafalgar, which he seems to have already done.

The 1890's saw a depression that caused many farmers to walk off their farms, unable to repay mortgages. Many Peninsula lads moved to Western Australia which was not affected because of its gold rush. William Hillis Jnr, born in 1879, was now 18 and unlikely to get a job as the shire's rate collector, so it must have been his father who applied for the job in 1897. William JAMES Hillis (the second given name obviously discovered from rate records) was rated on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong in 1889 but only 60 acres Kangerong in 1890, so he had either sold 23AB or lost it due to insolvency.

Flinders and Kangerong shire. Correspondence
From William Hillis, junior, Red Hill, making application for the position of rate collector for the shire. Received.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 30-9-1997.)

The following indicates that William was in the process of moving into Trafalgar and that his second name is wrongly given in the genealogy as Herbert. It would be far more likely to be James, from the name of his mother's brother, James McKeown.

From W. J. Hillis, Trafalgar South,offering to remove logs and repair culvert on road below Miller's for £2.
-Cr. Crisp explained that the work was on Kitchener's block, and Mr. Hillis was anxious to get his furniture into his home. He was a very straightforward man, and had made the Council a very reasonable offer which he (Cr. Crisp) thought should be accepted.-Agreed to.(P.7, West Gippsland Gazette, 15-11-1898.)
Hillis and Ault were undertaking many contracts for Narracan Shire by 1901.

RED HILL REMAINED THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH or to put it another way friendships made there were very dear to both the Hillis and Ault families. How else would a Trafalgar lad have met an Ascot Vale girl or a Surrey Hills lad a Lakes Entrance girl?

HILLIS- WISEMAN.---On the 1st November, at the Presbyterian Church, Dandenong, by the Rev.H. A. Buntine, George P., third son of W. J. Hillis,Trafalgar, to Ethel D., only daughter of the late James Wiseman, Ascot Vale, and sister of T.B Wiseman, Bass.(P.59, Leader, 8-12-1917.)

William Hillis was the son of Hill Hillis who had married James McKeown's sister. Hill and James settled together at Melway 190 G-J 4-6, their farms of 50 and 165 acres eventually being granted to James (73AB Balnarring.) James Wiseman settled across the road on 11AB Kangerong (between Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane) in 1863. The end of White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner is still referred to as Wiseman's Deviation by longtime Red Hill residents. The friendship that resulted in the above marriage began in the first half of the 1860's.
Would you believe that I can't find the marriage notice despite being able to remember almost every word in it. George, son of Mr A.Holmes of Surrey Hills had married a daughter of Edwin Ault of Lakes Entrance.

This would be the bride.
Emma Holmes (Ault)
Birthdate: December 7, 1917
Death: Died February 7, 1995
Immediate Family:
Wife of George Holmes.

Henry Ault had left the Dromana area in 1904, probably having sold all or part of 72B Balnarring to Mr Russ. CHECK! Henry Ault had sold it to Hosking by 1891.
Portion of Simpson entry in my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal.
"On 6-4-1891, Fred (Simpson) started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him.
Getting back to the marriage notice, it had excited me because of a mystery posed by W.J. Holmes' history of Red Hill. Who was the uncle at Box Hill that taught W.J.Holmes' brother the knowledge needed by an orchardist soon after they arrived at Red Hill in 1900 about four years before Henry Ault's departure?

If A.Holmes of Surrey Hills was perhaps Alfred, a brother of William Alfred Holmes who took his family to Red Hill in 1900, he might have met Henry Ault's family before their departure.However, the acquaintance might have gone back to the Sheehan family's purchase of James McKeown's grants (just east of Henry Ault's 72B Balnarring) circa 1885. N.B. THERE IS NO PROOF THAT A. HOLMES AND HIS SON, GEORGE, WERE RELATED TO THE RED HILL FAMILY. However, how else would George have met his bride?

My failure to find the wedding notice was compensated by finding Edwin Ault's parquetry plaque which combined his father's carpentry skills and love of nature mentioned in the 1934 obituary.
Parquetry - Plaque, Edwin Ault, 1900-1950 - Museum Victoria
Rectangular plaque with top right corner splayed probably made of Kauri Pine (agathis robusta) (pinaceae) inlay includes Native Cherry (exocarpus cupressiformis) (santalaceae) for base and Blackwood (acacia melanoxylon) (leguminosae) plus Coast Banksia (banksia integrifolia) (proteaceae) for flowers. Made by Edwin Ault within the period 1900-1950.
Edwin Ault was raised in Dromana, Victoria and was a first generation immigrant from Staffordshire, UK. Edwin worked as a motor mechanic and also spent a period fixing jetties.
Edwin's love for wood work was shared by his family. His father, H.W Ault, possessed a strong interest in wood and plants, and Edwin's brother, Ernest Ault, was a builder, joiner and woodworker. Edwin was keen to share his passion for his craft and would often show family members and friends how to do woodwork. It has been suggested by family members that Edwin's wife made some of the woodwork objects in their home, including for instance, some bread boards.
In 1912, at age 32, Edwin met and married his wife (Emma Hermine Ault nee Wilhelm). They lived in Lakes Entrance (initially known as Cunningham), where they raised their children. Recurrent motifs in Edwin's work including, for instance, the greenhood orchid, reflect the indigenous and introduced flora which grew in the locality of his property in Lakes Entrance. Edwin's work, whilst highly decorative in its detailed representation of plants, was also designed to serve functional purposes. Egg cups, carving boards and book ends were used by his family on an every-day basis, and are still remembered fondly by Edwin's grandchildren.
In his work, Edwin favoured a free form approach. He respected the original form of the wood and would shape it according to its natural pattern and form. It is believed that some of his pieces, including for instance, one of his picture frames, is made of drift wood. Edwin would air-dry his wood, or sometimes season it by placing it in crayfish pots, and steeping it in river and sea water. It is significant that Edwin's work utilises functional elements such as bolts and screws, reflecting his background in engineering. Edwin's work, with its intricate depictions of indigenous Australian and introduced plants, and its highly functional elements drawn from engineering practice, can provide valuable insight into the Australian arts and crafts movement and the lifestyle of Victorian families of the time.
Physical Description
Finished with a wax (possibly beeswax).
More Information
Collecting AreasSustainable Futures
Acquisition InformationDonation from Ms Helen Hallett, 12/1980
MakerEdwin Ault, Victoria, Australia, 1900-1950
ClassificationEconomic botany, Timber products
CategoryHistory & Technology
Type of itemObject
Overall Dimensions 250 mm (Length), 210 mm (Width), 15 mm (Height)
KeywordsAustralian Timbers, Legume or Pea Family (Leguminosae or Fabaceae), Legumes & Pulses, Parquetry, Pine Family (Pinaceae), Protea Family (Proteaceae), Sandalwood Family (Santalaceae), Woodworking

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 4 months ago


Could you please put the link for the Wannaeue map in comment 1 janilye?

The Rosebud Fishing Village is not discussed here as it is the subject of another journal. Only surnames of those pioneers whose descendants may not be aware of the Wannaeue connection will be included in the surnames list.

It seems a hopeless task to find the meaning of Wannaeue. I have a faint recollection of seeing a definition during the campaign to rename Dromana West. Can I find it?

Sir,-Your correspondent "The Iron is Hot," in writing of the confusion of place- names at Dromana, has voiced the opinion of most of the residents of Dromana West. Some years ago, when the "loose mailbag" was supplanted by the post-office, a petition signed by the residents of that small settlement on the slope of Arthur's Seat, requesting that the township be named Wannaue, was not granted. This name (pronounced Wan-ar-u-e) is the original and aboriginal name of the district, the interpretation being "reedy waters."

Until that time Dromana West was included in the township of Rosebud, the
original Wannaue, the township having gradually become known as Rosebud
owing to a ship of that name having been wrecked close to the Wannaeue beach. This small township is growing rapidly, and is on the most beautiful part
of Port Phillip Bay. It is the urgent wish of its residents that a name be chosen
in' keeping with the beauty of the surroundings.-Yours, &c,
Dromana West. ISOBEL M. GREEN*. (P.10, Argus, 21-2-1939.)
*The Greens lived at "Springbank", about opposite the lighthouse according to the Early Rosebud map. It was destroyed by fire one Friday night.

I think the above definition can be believed, because of the Wannaeue/ Boneo/ Tootgarook swamp which occupied a large part of the parish but also the many creeks that entered the bay: Coburn's near Coburn Rd, Adams' near The Avenue, Eeling which flow through Tom Salt Park, Peatey's near Murray Anderson Rd and probably others before Chinaman's Creek, such as the unnamed channel near Seventh Avenue in which Lou Bucher drowned.

A post office directory or gazeteer for Rye from about 1879 mentions population and the Swamp Village about six miles to the east which probably meant the Rosebud Fishing Village. (This may have been in Patricia Appleford's Rye Primary School 1667.)

Chinaman's Creek had an ill-defined course, originally emptying into the bay near the Rosebud Hospital site but even with the channel dug by Ned Williams there are still plenty of REEDS to be seen today.

The parish boundaries are: N. Port Phillip Bay to Burrell Rd (indicated by the N-S portion of Latrobe Pde, where it adjoined the township of Dromana), that line south to Pindara Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd (where it adjoined Kangerong to the north) ; E. Mornington-Flinders Rd, where it adjoined Balnarring;
S. Shands Rd (where it adjoined Flinders) west to Main Creek, the creek to the right side of Melway 254 E7 and following the Main Ridge/ Boneo boundary into Wallermerriyong Rd to Limestone Rd and (now adjoining Fingal) west to the line of Weerona St/ Government Rd, Rye, where both Wannaeue and Fingal adjoined Nepean.

Strathmore History - Wannaeue House
Now demolished. This house was located at the corner of Peck Avenue and Pascoe Vale Road, where the Red Rooster Fast Food Restaurant now stands. The house was built in the 1870's by John Peck one of the co founders of Cobb and Co. who also later built the house "Lebanon"* further up the hill in Strathmore.
"Wannaeue" was a Maori word meaning "By a Creek".
(*Lebanon was built in 1882. Until it was built, Peck lived at "Mascoma" in Ascot Vale.)

Bruce Barbour was one of my early history pals. The result of his request for information can be found by googling RAY GIBB, STRATHMORE. The house in Bruce's article was originally described by the great Sam Merrifield as Wanganui (Maori for big water) and it was this word that led to Bruce's mistake. He would have never found a definition for Wannaeue on the internet. The house he discusses was on John Peck's Lebanon Estate and may have been built as a wedding present for his daughter who married William Allison Blair Jnr. about a year before the below birth notice was inserted. Red Rooster at the east end of the Peck Avenue footbridge in Melway 16 J9 is on the site of Wannaeue, known to Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930's as Cook Cottage because it was bought by Albert Cook, the longtime Broadmeadows Shire Secretary. The house was illegally demolished.

BLAIR.- On the 28th January, at Wannaeue, Pascoe Vale, the, wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son. (P.45, Leader, 9-2-1889.)

To give squatters the security to develop their runs, as long as they paid their lease fees to the crown until the parish was surveyed, their pre-emptive right, usually of 640 acres or a square mile could not be bought by anyone else as long as the payment of fees continued.

Edward Hobson moved from the Kangerong Run to Tootgarook in 1838 but he called the run Packomedurrawurra according to one of the Meyricks. By about 1843, he was off to Tarwin River and then the RIVER OF LITTLE FISH*, his brother Edmund's run, whose name today is Traralgon, a corruption of the aboriginal words for river of little fish coined by Edward. His (sort of) stepfather, George Smith, took over the run, calling the run TOOTGAROOK and his HOMESTEAD Wooloowoollboolook (George McCrae's spelling.) While there, the so-called Mrs Smith (mother of the Hobsons) restored to health the near dead four year old Sarah Ann Cain (later Mrs James Rogers of Balnarring) who'd been lost in the bush. Also, because the Tootgarook run seems to have been between the Bay and the road to Cape Schanck (the freeway and Old Cape Schanck Rd) right to Anthonys Nose, generous George transferred some of it gratis to the Arthurs Seat run so that Andrew Murchison McCrae could access the beach legally.

(SOURCES: (Both available on the internet.)
1. I Succeeded Once, quoted in one of my journals:
2. The River of Little Fish, a history of Traralgon for children.

I stated before that George Smith may have been on Tootgarook. On page 4 of The Argus of 21-5-1850,a government notice lists occupants and other details of runs for which the occupants were to submit applications for 12 month leases from 1-1-1851. In the County of Mornington,No. 17 of 19 was George Smith (occupant), 20 square miles (extent), Tootgarook (name of run), Port Phillip Bay (location).

"Contrary to what is widely asserted, he did not hold a licence for Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk on the Mornington Peninsula: a thorough search of the original Pastoral Run Papers produced no papers for Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk in the box which holds all the original W Pastoral Run Papers.50 Wul-Wul-a-Bulluk is not a pastoral run; it is the name of the house at Capel Sound where he lived in the 1840s.51"

2. "The River of Little Fish"

James Purves took over the run in 1850 and the P.R.was managed for 27 years by his brother Peter (d. 1860) and then Peter's son, James. Land alienated from this run was described as being in SECTION A.

The most northerly part of the parish was the Arthurs Seat P.R. Andrew McCrae leased the run from about 1843 but after he and Henry Tuck had constructed a house fit for the artistic Georgiana McCrae and a tenure of another five or so years, fear of their home being swallowed by the proposed (Dromana) supposedly caused them to quit the run. To my mind, the reason may have instead been financial difficulties. The run was so thickly wooded that it was fit only for cattle and the difficulty of getting them to market was dwarfed only by the problem of FINDING them. That's probably how Andrew found signs of the yellow stuff at Bald Hill (Red Hill.) His other difficulty was the refusal of his brother Dr Farquhar McCrae to repay a loan, the very reason Andrew had taken up the run in the first place because he could no longer afford to live in Melbourne. The dishonorable Doc displeased others too. He dudded Alphabetical Foster in the transfer of the Eumemmering run near Dandenong and fear of Foster's retribution provoked a flight to Sydney; streets in Dandenong are named after the dudder and duddee. Andrew had no trouble finding government employment as soon as he quit the run.

The Run, in 1851, and later, the P.R.became Burrell property. Visit the McCrae homestead to get the full story of both families. Alienated land from the Arthurs Seat Run was described as being in SECTION B.

Maurice Meyrick took up the Boniyong run but he took off for Gippsland after fighting a duel with Dr Barker of the Cape Schanck Run. The doctor took over the run with his brother Edward and the family retained the P.R. straddling the (Old) Cape Schanck road between Browns and Limestone Rds until about 1900.
Land alienated from this run SHOULD HAVE BEEN described as being in SECTION C; the portion in the parish of Fingal was!

The surveyor's tools were the compass and the chain. The government roads they reserved were magnetic N-S and W-E so Melway maps which use true north show these roads rotated slightly to the right (about 1 to 7 and 10 to 4 o'clock.) This makes it difficult to give exact Melway references for properties.

If a track already existed, it was reserved as a government road and used for crown allotment boundaries - such as the one starting at Ponderosa Place in Dromana, accessed from the bottom of Foote St at Dromana to avoid waiting for low tide to round Anthonys Nose on the beach, and via Wattle Rd near the Rosebud, which ran south west past Jetty Rd to Browns Rd before dog legging left to link with Boneo Rd at Melway 253 C10 in Fingal. This track, from what was named as Palmerston Avenue in Dromana to Austin Avenue (the north west corner of Back Road Bob Cairns' "Fernvilla" in Rosebud) is now the freeway.

The chain* was 20 metres long, each of the 100 links 20 centimetres long. The exact equivalent for a chain is 20.1168 metres but I use 20 metres when I give boundaries and distances unless I want to be exact.As space was limited on the parish maps lengths were given in links. In townships, lots usually had a one chain frontage, written as 100 (links) but corner blocks were 200 x 200.
The distance between the Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd corners was/ is 3613 links which is 36 X 20 + 13 hundredths of 20, 720+ 2.6 = 722.6 metres, or to be exact and using the 20.1168 conversion, 726.819984 metres.

(*Victoria's most famed surveyor, Robert Hoddle, married into the Baxter family as did the Sages and both purchased land adjoining the P.R.when the Carrup Carrup run at Baxter was alienated. There is an article about two elderly Sage descendants whose most prized possession was Uncle Robert's surveying chain.)

For the racing fans.
In the old days landlords would allow their tenant farmers or cottiers a strip of land a chain wide and ten chains long. The name for this area probably originated from the Crusades*. Thus the length of this paddock (220 yards or 200 metres) became known as a furrow long, later corrupted to FURLONG.
Siege of Acre (1291) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


It would be wise to print the map and label the roads to avoid having to refer to this when significant occupants are discussed.

Three roads have not been included below, Old Cape Schanck Rd would have been created by Jamieson, early squatter on the Cape Schanck run, and the ruts created by his dray would have been followed by later squatters. By 1906 it was being referred to as Hobsons Flat road by the shire while most called it the back road, hence Robert Cairns' nickname. Its course has been described above and due to its name, and the freeway course to Austin Avenue, it should be fairly easy to identify. The second is Wattle Rd which was probably a track created by wattle bark strippers; the bark was used to produce tannin to tan leather. The third is The Avenue, which I have been told was the course of Adams' Creek. The Creek itself would have been used as a boundary between the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right and crown allotment 20 Wannaeue, the Wannaeue Village Reserve. It is likely that Back Road Bob Cairns and his son Godfrey were using the track now called the Avenue in 1905 when Robert Henry Adams threatened to repel their trespass with a shovel. The Avenue linked at the freeway course with Cairn (sic) Rd, the driveway to Back Rod Bob CairnS' Fernvilla homestead.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 5 August 1905 p 5 Article
... .M., and Mr Rudduck; J.P., Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud, charged Robert H. Adams, Rosebud, with assault on ... ASSAULT AND THREATENING LANGUAGE. At the Dromana Police Court on Tuesday

1. Government Rd/ Weeroona St. 2. Springs Lane 3. Truemans Rd. (Elizabeth Ave, west boundary of Crispo's grants, was not reserved.) 4. Boneo Rd. 5. Jetty/ Grassland Rd. 6. Parkmore Rd near foreshore between crown allotments 19 and 20 (Wannaeue Village reserve.) 5. No portion of the road heading south from Browns Rd just west of Jetty Rd now exists. 7. Rosebud Pde on the west boundary of the southern part of the golf course.8.Troon Rd on the west boundary of the northern part of the golf course. 9. Gardens/ Hislop/ Wallermerriyong Rd. (Melway 171 B7 to 254 C6.)
10. Purves Rd branching into Greens (s/w) and Baldrys (s/e) Rds.Main Creek Rd. 11. Main Creek Rd veering west as Old Main Creek Rd and McPherson Lane (254 F-J1.) 12. Barkers Rd heading south from Main Creek Rd to Main Creek (254 H1.) 13. Mornington-Flinders Rd south from Higgens Corner.

1. Limestone Rd. The boundary between the parishes of Wannaeue and Fingal. The reason for the name was due to limestone deposits at its western end.
The Tootgarook and Boniyong runs actually straddled the boundary and architect James Purves' sections 1-3, section A Fingal (306 acres) and John Barker's 6 of A and 2 of C were probably pre-emptive rights. Much later residents on Limestone Rd were the Wong Shings.

Development of new estates after W.W.2 encroached on the Wong Market garden near Chinaman's Creek. Nellie Wong married Freddy King and they had a dairy farm in Limestone Rd about half a mile west of the Boneo School. Their son Barry walked behind a horse and was kicked in the head; despite two operations,he died. Dennis Wong married Grace Armstrong and they lived in Limestone Rd near Freddy and Nellie, but recently moved to Wangaratta. Terry Wong married Minnie and George married Hazel. (Joy Booth, nee Cairns.)

2. Browns Rd. The name of this road honours shire councillor, James Little Brown, who in the second decade of the 1900's, transformed rabbit and ti-tree infested hinterland south of Rye into the beautiful pasture we see today.

3.Kinwendy Rd (Melway 170 J-K 11).
4. Hiscock Rd. This was planned to run west from the junction of the road to Cape Schanck and the mountain road (Jetty Rd) to Truemans Rd. Most of the road was never made because of the swamp west of Boneo Rd and it is likely that, despite the council's opposition, the portion now within the Rosebud Country Club property was sold to William Raper (owner of the Wannaeue Estate between Eastbourne Rd and Hiscock Rd, from Jetty Rd to Browns Rd, c/a's 11-8. John Cain at the time had c/a 4, 5 and 6.
(Lands Department, enquiring if council had any objections to the alienation of road between Messrs John Cain and W.Raper, Wannaeue.-T'o be informed that this council.objects to alienation of same.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 2-8-1913.)

5. Waterfall Gully Rd between Jetty and Purves Rds. The waterfall is at Melway 171 D5.
6. Duells Rd, between Jetty Rd and Gardens Rd,on land owned by the Duell family before land to the south became Carribean Gardens caravan and fun park property, now partly the Peninsula Sands Estate.
7. Wilson Rd, 171 G6, between Purves and Main Creek Rds, named after the family including Jim Wilson and Bobby whose head was split open by an axe in 1902 in a quest for honey, but survived.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-4-1902.)
8. Whites Rd between Purves and Main Creek Rds.This is named after the family of Bullocky Bob White who was granted c/a 27A under his former name of Robert James.
9.Eastbourne/Hove Rd, called Ford's Lane in 1902, when Chris Cairns applied to fence off the road till he fenced his selection which was later granted to teacher,J.A.Bayford, because Cr William Ford had previously lived on the Wannaeue Station. (See Hiscock Rd.) It was later called Roper's Lane, the locals obviously too embarrassed to pronounce the name properly.

According to Marie Hansen Fels in I SUCCEEDED ONCE, Tootgarook was well established as a horse stud before James Purves took over the squatting lease a matter of years before the lease was cancelled. It is unlikely that the first occupant Edward Hobson (1838-1843) or George Smith (1843-1850) had any intention of living out their days there so the homestead would have been barely adequate. Smith's name for the homestead was Wooloowoolooboolook, mistakenly taken to be the name of his run. James Purves would have taken over the run on 1-1-1851 and being an architect and very well off, he'd build a grand mansion as the Manifolds and other successful squatters did, wouldn't he? Here's a description from 1877.

On the following day a much larger and more important sale was conducted on the station of J. Purves, Esq., between Dromana and the pretty little village of Rye, and known as Tootgarook; why or how this remarkable title originated we could not ascertain, further than that its origin is native, and, as we believe a clever native lawyer*, and a member of the present Parliament of Victoria was born in the locality, we shall not enquire further. At Tootgarook, which, at this late date in the history of Victoria, is not famous for a very imposing homestead-or indeed in any building that does not require demolishing and rebuilding.......
South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 3 October 1877 p 3 Article
*His son James Liddle Purves was NOT born at Tootgarook!

The station had been run from the first by the architect's brother Peter until his death in 1860 and then by Peter's son James who called the homestead Broomielaw. James Purves, who was described in his obituary as a civil engineer rather than an architect, spent most of his time in Melbourne. He was an absentee landowner who built his mansion Glen Isla, in Richmond; its name is recalled by a Mount Martha street.

PURVES.-On the 12th June, at Richmond, Victoria, James Purves, aged 65.
(P.2, Launceston Examiner, 17-6-1878.)

It was Peter Purves who applied for a licence for the Tootgarook Inn (Leonard St Rye, recently demolished) in 1857 and with James Ford organised the 1859 petition against the fencing of the police paddock (See GEORGE WHITE entry.)

The clearing sale of 1877 was due to Tootgarook Station being leased, so its true pioneers were being turfed off. They were back there by about 1888 when Greenhills on Purves Rd was being established, and two girls who'd stayed home were traumatised when six aborigines came calling for a drink of water.
(Memoirs of A Larrikin.)

The obituaries for James Purves in 1878 give a true picture of his involvement at Tootgarook and elsewhere. His most enduring legacy in the area is the name of Rosebud; he owned the vessel when it was stranded and had it insured with 12 brokers for 700 pounds.

There is extensive detail about the Sullivans in Land Lime and Leisure. They were forced off their lime station when it was taken over with great haste for a quarantine station in 1852. Before they moved from Melbourne about a decade earlier, they were possibly the growers of a giant cucumber which was the sensation of the young settlement for a time and Honora may have escaped by a day or two being imprisoned for an offence against the Masters and Servants Act, this having been amended so that female offenders would no longer be sent to the female prison, which had become a virtual brothel. Dennis and Honora were quite elderly by the time they settled near the Heads, so it was Patrick who led the move west.

He established the heritage-listed Kiln on the site of The Dunes and in 1876 he built the Gracefield Hotel on the grant of his father-in-law, William Grace, a Dromana pioneer of 1857. When Patrick died, his son James took over the hotel and concentrated on supplying firewood for Melbourne's bakers, leaving the kiln under the management of Antonio Albress. James Ford who named Portsea and married one of Patrick's sisters, may have been able to supply the quarantine station with vegetables because of his wife's family's assumed expertise. Vicky Sullivan recently led a push to keep the area's heritage accessible to the public.

(From my great history buddy, Bob Chalmers of Essendon Historical Society.)
William Allison Blair was born in Mearns, Renfrewshire, Scotland, to William Blair and Margaret Allison on 9-9-1821. He married Isabella Ewart (born Durham, England in 1827) in Gorbals (Glasgow) on 6-1-1850. The couple arrived in Australia on the Catherine Glen"in August 1853 together with a James Blair (presumably a 20 year old brother of William Allison. William Allison Blair was shown in the 1841 census as a tailor and in the 1851 census as a hat and cap manufacturer, a trade he took up after arriving in Australia. William Allison Blair and Isabella Ewart had a large family, with 8 children born to them, firstly at Emerald Hill, Fitzroy and Collingwood, but later at Essendon, where Margaret was born in 1859. Three children died in infancy or early childhood. One of his daughters married James Boyd (who served on the Essendon council) and Blair and Boyd were both involved with the mining of lime. Isabella Blair died at Netherlea* (Buckley St, Essendon) in 1894 and William Allison Blair died 27-9-1896 in Maidstone**. There is more about William Allison Blair in "Fine Homes of Essendon and District".
(C.N.Holinshed confused this with John Davies' Ngarveno, just south of the Moonee Valley racecourse.** His farm was on the site of the Medway Golf course.)

Blair's grants between Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd were bought for the lime which was plentiful west of Boneo Rd, especially near the swamp where it was closer to the surface. He also bought much land in the parish of Nepean, south of Rye Township and farther west (often dispossessing other limeburners of their kilns) where his disputes with Charles Gavan Duffy indirectly caused the proclamation of the Village of Sorrento. He also bought 600 acres near the east end of the parish as a speculation in 1875. Affected by the 1890's depression his estate was placed in litigation and his land near Tootgarook was bought by the Tootgarook Land Company whose agent was Hiscock, after whom Hiscock Rd was named. The Woinarskis, of noble birth bought the land and called it Woyna, building the heritage listed homestead at 9-11 Terry St. Blair's untouched lime was quarried in the 1920's to make fertiliser which was carried to the manufacturing plant on the site of the motel by a tram which ran along the east side of Truemans Rd..

Nathan Page was significant because he represents the many who quarried, carted and burnt lime, such as John Buckley, a Balnarring pioneer. There was no family notice when he was overwhelmed by depression, just a par by the Sorrento Correspondent.

(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Nathan Page, over 70 years of age, committed suicide about 3 miles from
Sorrento on Saturday. He was living in a hut belonging to Mr. John Cain,
at his lime kiln, where for 2 or 3 years he had been cook for the men. He left
Mr. Cain's employ at the beginning of the year, and intended to quarry limestone, but had not started. As he was not seen about on Saturday morning,
a butcher named George Ogleby went over to his hut about 2 o'clock to inquire.
On pushing the door open, he saw Page lying in bed covered with blood, and
with a revolver in his left hand. He had discharged the weapon into his mouth, the bullet going through his head, striking the ceiling and rebounding as it was found lying on his breast. A son of Olgeby was talking to Page about 9 o'clock in the morning. He was then in bed smoking a pipe. The body has been conveyed to Sorrento, where it awaits an enquiry He was a very old resident of the district, and leaves a widow and grown up family living in Melbourne.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 23-2-1899.)

Although there is some good information about this Irish family, associated with Sorrento and Rye (but not Rosebud or Red Hill), the biography at the end of Land Lime and Leisure suddenly became the biography of the family of Edward Williams of Eastbourne (after the mention of George's purchase. of Edward Williams' old butcher shop on the corner of GEORGE St).
Perhaps Rose Violet​ could supply some details in comments which I will copy to here. The following comes from my journal written in 2012.

Page 54. The produce of the White brothers' kiln (and others) may have gone up Canterbury Road.
Page 56. On the west end of a lime kilns map, No 13 is labelled B.Willard, later G.White and G.Sutton. It is located near the intersection of Mission St and Haven Ave (Melway 157 D12.)
Page 57. Rye area of the map. 2 and 2a are labelled White brothers. The first is on the east side of Canterbury St about a fifth of the way from Melbourne Rd to the beach, probably near the bend in Anelida St. The second was probably near the west side of the R.J.Rowley reserve and the reason that W.A.Blair purchased that area.
Page 60. An oldtimer's map of the township shows land owned at the east corner of Pt Nepean Rd and Dundas St labelled G.White. Details of this purchase from the Rye Township map will be given later.
Page 65. George and Robert White were limeburners.
Page 70. No reference; indexing error.
Page 157-8. (The last paragraph of 157 and page 158, apart from the reference to George White buying Edward Williams' old butcher shop, is entirely about Edward Williams.)
Billis and Kenyon name George and Robert White as pastoral pioneers in 1843-1850 and 1843 respectively. There may have been four White brothers, one of them Richard White. Captain Ferguson referred to George and Robert White in his report on the resumption of land near the heads for a quarantine station (in 1852.) Robert had paid a (lime) licence fee of twelve pounds in that year.
Richard White, limeburner, married Eliza Taylor. They had two sons who left the district and six daughters including Georgiana, born 1861, who married Mr Meaden, father of Mrs Creswell who supplied this information.
(Richard has been found in early rate records but either died or also left the district soon after. The genealogy, to come, will determine which is correct.)
Richard's children were scared by Maoris so it is possible that Richard was living/working near the Rowley Reserve where a White brothers' kiln is shown as 2a on the page 57 map. As well as fishing the Maoris had a farm near the oval, which is recalled by Maori St.
Edward (i.e.Williams) sold his partly demolished butcher shop on the north corner of Hotham Rd and George St, an area known as Butchers' Hill, to George White.

RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL, Patricia Appleford.
Page 50-51. Arthur Dark, born 11-4-1924, worked for E.G.White of Sorrento who operated a daily service to Melbourne before the start of world war 2. As Arthur referred to himself as a "jockey" I presume the "service" involved carriage of goods. Arthur's workmates, in that job, were Len Hill, Percy Watson, Parley Blackwell, Alby Morgan and Jack White .
Page 139. Map showing White brothers' kilns 2 and 2a as in LIME LAND LEISURE.

I recalled a chapter in Peter's book relating details of a Government plan in 1859 to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach in order to enclose the police paddock between Rye and the Quarantine Station, and a petition opposing this plan. My notes on this chapter were not extensive but a trip to the library was very worthwhile.
As directories of the Rye/Heads area were non-existent at this time, I will record all of the signatories. As a report, mentioned later, states that there were only two landowners, [Peter Purves and James Ford), it can be assumed that all of the signatories (with the exception of Kenna and one other, whom I did not note,who were Melbourne residents) were limeburners, as stated in the report.

At this time, there was no township of Rye, and according to LIME LAND LEISURE, the Rye Hotel was in Dromana! When the Township was declared in 1861, it was called Tootgarook, probably because it had been part of the Tootgarook run. John Campbell apparently had built a jetty in 1860 and this probably prompted lime burners to erect houses near the pier so they would be close to home when they brought the day's production for shipping. One house, occupied by John Berry, and later by the Sullivans when they moved from the Heads in 1852, is said to have been the first house in the township area. In 1869, almost all of the suburban blocks south of the cemeteryand west of Dundas St were bought by limeburners ( more truly lime merchants such as W.A Blair. It has not been definitely established whether Thomas Monahan was connected with the lime industry or just a land speculator.)
James Purves bought his square mile pre-emptive right between about Keith St and Government/Weeroona Rds on 22-10-1855. Ford's land was mainly near Portsea. The Wannbaeue parish map does not indicate when the Fords acquired Wannaeue Station bounded by Eastbourne Rd, Boneo Rd, Browns Rd and Jetty, Old Cape Schank Rd. O'Shannassy reported that Purves and Ford were the only landowners.

Many of the limeburners would have been illiterate. Their names would have been printed (by Peter Purves or James Sandle Ford) and followed by "their mark", usually a cross (X). The names on the petition opposing construction of the fence were: James Ford, Peter Purves, Robert Rainey, James Patterson, George Mitchell, Robert Quinan, George White, Robert White, Richard White, Jeremiah White , James Swan,
Arthur Robinson MATCD (presumably the other Melbourne resident), Alfred Evans, Nathan Page, John Dillon, Edward Russell, Patrick Sullivan, Edward M.Williams, Richard White, George White!, Isaac Prout, Owen Cain, Mrs John Devine, Ben Stennigan (Stenniken), Timothy Sullivan, Thomas Clancy, George Baker, Charles Dean, Mrs Edward Skelton, Samuel Clark, Samuel Williams, Richard Kenna (Melbourne resident!)

Snr Constable O'Shannassy was asked to ascertain why the settlers and limeburners had signed the petition. He found that Clark, Williams, Nathan Page, Mrs Skelton and Jeremiah White had not signed and weren't even asked to sign. George White senior and Robert Quinan, both limeburners, had signed, not wanting to offend their old neighbours,even though they actually wanted the fence. Thomas White and 15 other limeburners wanted the fence to prevent Ford and Purves overgrazing the area with their combined 800 head of cattle. They complained that their own bullocks (obviously used for ploughing and hauling lime)were dying from starvation.
Robert, George and Richard White, Ford, Purves, Cain, Stennigan (sic), and Patrick and Timothy Sullivan feared that their cattle would be turned out of the area.

Comment by Rose Violet.
I can tell you that Richard White ( son of Limeburner George White Snr ) died in 1881 at Eastern Hill. Jeremiah White ( another son ) died at Flinders in 1881 & is buried in the same grave as his sister Jane & husband Charles Graves at Flinders Cemetery. Robert ( my 3x G Grandfather) died in Fitzroy in 1882. He was a lime salesman when he died. George White Jnr dies at Pt Nepean in 1895. Sadly George White Snr ( my 4x g grandfather ) went bankrupt & died in the Melbourne Benovelant Society in 1865 ... Far away from the Peninsula he loved so much.

Near Truemans Rd.
I believe this should be Benjamin Stenniken whose wife Mary Anne was the older sister of Samuel Sherlock. Ben whose name was variously recorded on the Nepean parish map as Ben Stenigain and B.Stenniker bought c/a 6 and 5 Nepean in 1860 and 1864; this land ran west from Dundas St roughly to Pasadena Rd.

Ben supplied the limestone to build the hall/school on the Church of England grant in Lyon St. It became unsafe for use as a school, so after a time in rented premises in John Campbell's hotel, the pupils moved into a school built on the present site. The old building was then rebuilt as a church reusing Ben's limestone with the addition of limestone supplied by James Trueman, Ben's neighbour on Truemans Rd. (Read the fantastic information boards outside the church and school. N.B. John Campbell built the first Rye Pier in 1867, not 1860.) It is unknown whether Ben Stenniken's limestone came from his Truemans Rd or Melbourne Rd land but as Trueman's grant had lime deposits it could have been either or both.

Ben's daughter, Maria, married Godffrey Burdett Wilson, son of Henry William Wilson and Thamer (nee Burdett) which explains the naming of Burdett St on c/a 48 Wannaeue. The Stenniken family also had marital connections in Fingal (Patterson,Kennedy, Harry Prince) and Rosebud (Clemenger of Parkmore) and gravitated to Dromana and Port Melbourne but Ben Stenniken, with James Sullivan, was at the forefront of establishing the supply of ti tree logs for the ovens of Melbourne's bakers.

James Trueman, grantee of crown 47 on the west side guessed it, Truemans Rd, was born in Chute, Wiltshire on 18-6-1822. In 1841 he was described as an agricultural labourer and in 1851, he was a resident of Maddington, Wiltshire. James married Jane Cook (born in July 1827) on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire and they emigrated from Southhampton aboard "Sabrina" on 24-1-1857, arriving at Hobsons Bay on 13-4-1857.

(It has been claimed that James Trueman built and operated the tap room on Tootgarook Station. He may have run the Tootgarook Hotel for Peter Purves (pronounced Purvis) but if he built it, he was pretty blooming quick.

*Peter Purvis**, Tootgarook, Tootgarook Hotel.Granted.(P.5, Argus, 22-4-1857.) **Peter Purves d. 1860. )


Robert's genealogical details and early life is described in Land Lime and Leisure but there is a glaring lack of detail about his wife, Christina Edwards.She was from Longford in Tasmania.

Robert's father was in the Militia in Sydney but was transferred to Van Dieman's Land, eventually securing a grant. While fishing under the influence, his father fell out of a boat and drowned. Robert's mother married Richard Kenyon and they went to the Heads to burn lime, probably for John Pascoe Fawkner whom they knew from the apple isle.

Robert didn't go with them, and was working as a policeman on the "southern isle" if my memory serves me correctly. He visited his mother in 1839 and a year or so later he contacted Henry Cadby Wells, best known as a Frankston pioneer, who on his arrival,went to the Sorrento area, to join him in a lime burning venture, Wells' pregnant wife giving birth to the area's first white child soon after.

The venture was affected by the 1843 depression so Robert probably returned to Tasmania and Wells resumed his bootmaking trade. In 1849, the two mates tried crayfishing in Wells' boat with great success and Wells built Clark's Cottage at Sorrento according to THE WELLS STORY (a belief shared by Jennifer Nixon despite claims that George Baker built it.) Unfortunately the boat came down on its anchor in Westernport and was holed. Robert probably returned to Tassie again and married Christine there (late 1859 if I remember correctly ; I can't re-find the marriage notice on trove.)
ROWLEY-EDWARDS - By the Rev. J Smithies, at the house of Mr Joseph Tongs*, Illawarra**, Christina Edwards, the only daughter of Mr William Edwards, of Newborough, Fife, Scotland, to Mr Robert Rowley, of Dromana, Victoria.
(P.5,Launceston Examiner,22-1-1861.)
* The Tongs family appears to have been associated with Longford, in whose police court John Tongs, known to own 100 acres on the Cressy Estate by 1865, was fined five shillings in 1861 for not registering his dog. S.Tongs did jury service in 1862. (P.5,The Cornwall Chronicle, 3-5-1862, SUPREME COURT.)
**IIlawarra was in Gippsland.

Soon after their marriage, the couple moved to Dromana and Robert worked for Peter Pidoto who provided accommodation in a hut near the present east corner of Carrigg St.They were obviously still at Dromana in 1866 when Mary Christina was born.
Mary Christina Rowley
Born in Dromana, Victoria, Australia on 1866 to Robert Rowley and Christina Edwards.

Soon afterwards, Robert probably built the house on the foreshore opposite the original post office site and turned to fishing. He bought lots 46 and 46A in the early to mid 1880's after having probably selected them years earlier. His homestead was near Carboor St (Melway 169 D9.)

Robert loved to tell others about the old days and James Little Brown was all ears, remembering this one years after he'd stayed with Robert when he first came to Rye.
by itellya on 2013-08-09 10:45:18
In case you thought there was not that much of a connection between James Little Brown and Robert Rowley senior, this little story about how Dandenong got its name must surely paint a picture of the two chatting about the old days by the fireside.

Sir,In the interesting article, "The Gippsland Mystery," on Saturday, by Ernest McCaughan, it is stated that a party of five whites and ten blacks were sent out under the leaderhip of De Villiers, an ex-police officer who kept the extraordinary named No Good Damper Inn.

Apropos of this, a story was related to me by the late Robert Rowley, then of Rye (a very old colonist who had known Buckley, the wild white man). The story, which may be of interest, is that about the year 1840 lime was being burnt about Sorrento and Rye. A layer of sheoak logs was laid on the ground, then a layer of limestone. Another layer of logs, then again stone, and so on, until there was a considerable stack. Fire was next applied. By this rough and ready, though wasteful,system, lime used in the building of early Melbourne was then burned. The lime was then "slacked", afterwards sieved through a fine sieve, and forwarded to Melbourne by ketch. One of these old wind-jammers had the misfortune to go aground near the site of Frankston. The lime was taken off undamaged, stacked, and carefully covered a little way from the shore.

A number of blacks were in the vicinity. They had had some little experience of the white fellow's flour. When they found the lime, sieved and done up in small bags under a tarpaulin, they were sure they had got the genuine article in plenty. So they mustered in force, took away all they possibly could, and, fearing pursuit, did not stop running till they put about 12 miles between them and the stack of lime. The blacks then mixed their flour with water upon their 'possum rugs and put the dough in the ashes to bake, the result being spoiled rugs and bad damper. In the words of Mr. Rowley, "they called that place Dandenong," which means "no good damper. Yours, &c., J. L. BROWN
Sandringham, Sept. 8. (P.4, Argus, 9-9-1924.)

As well as serving the community in many roles, Robert and his descendants have contributed to the recorded history of Rye through the information they provided in interviews conducted by newspapers.

Edward Russell was granted c/a 38A of 103 acres west of the present, but not for long, Truemans Rd tip site, on 3-11-1880 but had been in the area since the early 1850's. An old shipmate of John Watts and Tom Bennett, at the age of 17 he walked for two days from Melbourne to work for James Purves Snr (read as Peter Purves, his brother) at Tootgarook, later working for the Sullivans and driving bullocks to the goldfields for the Skeltons. At some unspecified time, he and Tom Bennett occupied a dwelling between the cemetery site and Napier St in Rye. Edward built a lime kiln near the north west corner of Melway 168 D9, but when William Allison Blair dispossessed him of the kiln by buying c/a 19 Nepean on 19-6-1867 (not 1866), Edward bought* 104 acres nearby..(*He SELECTED the 103 acre crown allotment 38A Wannaeue which could hardly be described as being NEARBY to Dundas St and didn't BUY it until 1880!)

Edward married Mary Stuart (sic?), a nurse at the Quarantine Station, whom he met when receiving medical treatment.

The above, apart from my sarcasm in brackets, comes from page 147 and maps in LAND LIME AND LEISURE.

Mary Russell who married John Cairns , Johanna who married rabbit inspector,James Thompson Cairns, Elizabeth who married Black Camp Davey Cairns, and Margaret who married Chris Cairns, were all presumably daughters of Edward and Mary. (The Cairns Fanily of Boneo.)

I don't think any record of Edward's marriage is going to be found any time soon and even family tree circle's mighty tonkin did not know his wife's maiden name, but his journal CAIRNS James married Johanna RUSSELL 1885 indicates that Edward became a very young father if he arrived at the age of 17 because Johanna's birth was registered at Pt Nepean in 1855 (there being no townships, thus registrars, at the time except at the quarantine station.)

It seems that the nurse's name was Mary SEATON, not Stuart. This is from another journal by tonkin about Chris Cairns and Margaret Russell.
Birth note.
Margaret was born 1869 in Tootgarook, Victoria.
Parents named as Edward RUSSELL and Mary SEATON.

Mary who married John Cairns was born in 1859. Thanks tonkin!
Birth note.
Mary was born 1859 White Cliffs, Victoria.
Parents named as Edward RUSSELL and Mary LEATON.
LEATON is an error and should be SEATON.

Did Edward and Mary finally crack it for a son? Possibly. Andrew?
On 15-3-1880, Edward was probably granted c/a 4, section C, Fingal, the grantee's name being written as E.Russell. Consisting of 79 a. 3 r. 27 p. and located at 253 J-K 6, it was assessed in 1919 as assessment number 363:
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell, Sorrento), 80 acres c/a 4 section C, Fingal.

A trove search for RUSSELL SORRENTO FAMILY NOTICES revealed that my guess was right and that Edward and Mary actually had two sons. Edward was the grantee of c/a 4, section C, Fingal, and was about 20 when he arrived, not 17.

RUSSELL.— On the 10th May, at his residence,"Boneo," Edward dearly loved husband of Mary Russell; dearly loved father of Mrs. D. Cairns,Flinders; Mrs. J. T. Cairns, Mrs. J. Cairns, Mrs.C. Cairns, Boneo; Alexander Russell, Sorrento; and Archibald Russell, Tooradin, aged 84 years. A colonist of 64 years.
(P.5, The Age, 14-5-1910.)

Edward's relationship with Sidney Smith Crispo remains one of my unsolved mysteries. It seems that Edward was Amicus.
Small space I crave from you kind air,
A dead friend's worth to sing ;
Small tribute to his kindly deeds,
A kindly requiem.
God bless thee, Crispo, in thy bed,
With ti-tree blossoms strewn;
God rest the weary heart and head,
For me, all gone too soon.
What though thy brain with fancy teemed,
Fostered and led by fools;
What though thy airy castles gleamed,
Fashioned by dreamland's tools.
Beneath the haze of fancy's dreams,
A kindly heart and true;
An honest hand and steadfast will,
To fight life's battle through.
Take then thy well-earned rest, old friend,
Short space of time, and we
May meet thee on that brighter shore,
Au revoir S. S. C.
" AMICUS." (P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1899.)

Edward came from Sydney in 1855 aboard a survey ship and I earlier thought that their friendship had developed on that ship but Crispo had joined the Survey in 1860.
"by gpearce on 2013-09-21 01:09:23
On the 3rd of May 1860, Sir Henry Barkly, the Governor of Victoria recommended to the Legislative Assembly that the Government enter into an agreement with the Imperial Government for the Marine Survey of the Victorian Coast, under the direction of the British Admiralty, and for the colony to share in half of the cost of the survey. The resolution was agreed to on the 11th of May 1860, and the Admiralty appointed Commander Henry Cox R.N., to take charge of the Victorian survey.

The widely travelled and highly experienced Commander Cox had immediately recognised there would be problems in trying to utilize local manpower and could ill afford the time required to train them for his requirements, so he opted to bring his assistants with him. The survey was originally estimated to take approximately 6 years to complete (it actually took 20 years)and therefore many of the team members elected to bring their families with them. The commander brought his wife and two daughters as well as his brother in-law, Sydney Crispo, who was a petty officer in the Royal Navy.

The survey team embarked in the ship Owen Glendower at Plymouth on the 10th of September 1860 and arrived safely in Melbourne three months later in December 1860. Right from the very start the survey was plagued with a number of problems, which forced a number of delays in the prosecution of the survey....

Probably in an effort to contain the deepening rift that was occurring between Cox and the Victorian Government, an order in council was issued by the Admiralty which forced the early retirement of the commander in May 1866.

In July 1866 Cox returned to England with his family, but most of the other team members elected to stay on and continue with the survey under the guidance of Commander Wilkinson R.N., who was Cox's replacement. Sydney Crispo, remained with the Victorian Coastal Survey team until it reached conclusion in 1879, under the command of Staff Commander Henry Stanley R.N. Sydney Crispo (spelt with a "y" in the 1860 Owen Glendower passenger list) not known to have ever returned to his native England and died a bachelor at Rosebud West, Victoria in 1899 at the age of 71 years." (Comment in my Crispo journal.)

However it is possible that Crispo had been stationed in Australia in the 1850's and met Edward in Sydney or Melbourne, and had anonymously written IMAGINARY HISTORY OF THE NEXT THIRTY YEARS (a copy of which is held at Flinders University but without mention of the author), on his return to England. Three things make me believe that Crispo was the author are the use of curious to describe the work, a fixation on Canada, where his father had been stationed for some time, and lastly this excerpt:"The social state of the country,however, was so unbearable, that it was obvious recourse must be had to some extraordinary measure,and the urban, commercial, and mining interests,being by far the most populous, were all for establishing a great Australian Republic — merging the several colonies into one, and all being represented in one Congress."
(Many articles in 1857 under the headline PRINCE ARTHUR KING OF AUSTRALIA. Excerpt from article in The Age.)

Mr Crispo mentioned before singing his political song,'" Amalgamate the Colonies," that he had written to the president of the Premier's meeting upon unification of the colonies, and the. Federal Capital* as held by him, and backed up by the London Times. (ROSEBUD.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 2 February 1899 p 2 Article)
Sydney's catchphrase was Amalgamate Don't Federate and that was exactly what the mysterious author had written over 40 years earlier.

Edward Williams most likely was in the crew that rowed the Survey ship's boat ashore when the captain was invited to Arthurs Seat by the Burrells. He would have received hospitality in the servants quarters or detached kitchen, which was often the case for safety reasons. One of the servants was Mary Campbell who travelled to Australia with Robert and Mary Cairns in 1852, probably acting as a nanny but with Robert her official guardian. Edward and Mary later married.

Edward obviously quit the Survey ship when his term expired. Known as Ned, he built up a nest egg in various ways. "One harvester of Renown was Ned Williams, well over six feet in height and well-built. He could scythe an acre of crop per day, quite a feat in the days of hand harvesting." ( P. 96, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, photo on p.160.) He was supposed to have cut the first road around Anthony's Nose and later cut the channel at Chinamans Creek to drain the swamp.

In 1863-4, Crispo received grants for c/a's 36 and 38, Nepean between Canterbury Jetty Rd and St Johns Rd. Crispo had big plans for this land but was aboard the Survey ship most of the time so the claim* that Edward Williams looked after the property for him is plausible. (Possibly hidden in the WHITE genealogy in LAND, LIME,AND LEISURE.)

As you walk into the Rye Cemetery, just before the hill starts, on your left are the Kennedy/ Patterson/Stenniken graves and then Carrie Williams' grave separating the graves of James Campbell Williams and Ted Williams (unmarked) to prevent them arguing in the hereafter. Is it just coincidence that Sydney Smith's gravestone,is erected by his sister and friends, is directly across the path from Carrie's. I don't think so because Crispo died at Edward Williams' home, friends to the end.

CRISPO.—On the 13th October, at the residence of Mr. Edward Williams, Eastbourne, Rye, Sidney Smith Crispo, late secretary and paymaster, Admiralty Survey, Victoria, aged 71. Buried at Rosebud* Cemetery.
(P.1, The Argus, 18-10-1899.)
*A cemetery was gazetted at 170 H3 but never seems to have been used, both references to it being wrong. Just as well because playing tennis on graves doesn't seem very respectful.

By 1871, Crispo had received the grants for Crown allotments 52 and 44 Wannaeue, 282 acres, which he called Eastbourne. This was between the eastern boundary of today's Village Glen and Elizabeth Avenue from Eastbourne Rd (probably known as Ford's Lane) and Hiscock Rd (which was supposed to run through the swamp from Truemans Rd to Jetty Rd.)

From 1875, Edward Williams received the grants for 256 acres, 27B, 39B and 27A Wannaeue, separated from Eastbourne by Lovie' grants, and straddling Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. He set his sons up in a butchers shop on the corner of Hotham Rd and George St but they didn't much care for the trade and the shop was sold to George White AND THIS IS HOW CHARLES HOLLINSHED ACCIDENTALLY WROTE EDWARD WILLIAMS' BIOGRAPHY IN THE WHITE ENTRY!

In 1893, Crispo was assessed on 113 acres, reduced to 68 acres 3 roods and 13 perches, part 52 by 1898, and then obviously sold to Edward Williams before the 1899 assessment. James Campbell Williams was assessed on 170 acres of Eastbourne by 1893 as was the case till 1899. In 1893, Edward Williams was the occupant of 1510 acres including his grants, reduced to 1260 acres in 1894 and then his name disappeared from the rates. By 1900 he was rated on 69 acres (Crispo's in 1898), 170 acres (Jimmy the Squid's in 1899) and his grant, 27A. He only had about 240 acres of Eastbourne because Alex Crichton of Glenlee had added about 40 acres to Lovie's grant, the area west of Colchester Rd. Edward retained c/a 27A but Edward Connop was farming 27B and 39B.

In 1910 the rate collector really messed things up, assessing John and Marion Edwards (sic) of Eastbourne, Dromana on c/a 39 (39B) of 93 acres-and 122 acres 27B, 29A (132 acres 27B.) The effort in 1919 was almost accurate however with James Woonton (who maintained Browns Rd according to Ray Cairns) assessed on 152 acres and buildings c/a 27AB, leased from Edward Williams and MARION EDMONDS on 94 acres and buildings c/a 39A (39B.) Edward Williams had 190 acres of Eastbourne and James Campbell Williams had c/a 7 fronting Boneo Rd between Eastbourne Primary School and the line of Hiscock Rd.

WILLIAMS.—On April 29, at Dromana Community Hospital, Caroline,of Eastbourne, Rosebud West, eldest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Williams, sister of Edward (deceased). James (deceased). Ellen (Mrs. Connop, deceased), Marion (Mrs. Edmonds, deceased), aged 90 years.
(P.15, Argus, 30-4-1949.)

at Lyndhurst?
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 21 May 1870 p 11 Article
... off in Lovie's paddock, where a ... 75 words

This was an action to recover damages for malicious prosecution.Mr. Purves for tbe plaintiff, Mr. Higinbotbam and Mr. Spensley for defendant.

Plaintiff James Ford is a farmer near Point Nepean, and the defendant is a contractor in the same neighbourhood. In September last Lovie was summoned to the Dromana Police Court for injuring a road in the charge of the Kangerong Road Board by digging and so deepening a watercourse that crossed the road.

Mr. Ford was accidentally in court during the hearing of the case, and he was called bv the clerk of the road board as a witness. He said that he was well acquainted with the road for 15 years.Latterly the watercourse appeared to be
deeper. It had been dug, and the clay was thrown on the bank. Mr. Lovie was fined by the Bench on the charge preferred against him, and he shortly afterwards applied for summonses against all the witnesses against him for perjury. The clerk of the court and the justice endeavoured to dissuade him from
taking out summonses, as there was no reason to suspect perjury ; but he insisted, and a summons was issued against Mr. Ford and another witness.The case was heard at the Dromana Police Court, and was dismissed, the justices adding that Mr. Ford left the court without a stain on his character.

This action was then commenced against Lovie.The defence was that there was reasonable and probable cause for the prosecution, and a number of witnesses were examined for the defence to show that the creek had not been dug where it crossed the road. Lovie and one of his men admitted, however, that the bed
of the creek had been deepened up to the road and below the road, but they denied that the road was touched by them.
The jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, damages £100. (P.6, Argus, 6-3-1871.)

At Twelve O'clock. At Knipe's Exchange,12 Collins-street West
Without Reserve
By Order of P. J Wilson, Esq. , Mortgagee.
638 Acres LAND,
Described on Government Plan as Black Alluvial Soil, Permanent Water, also Containing Inexhaustible Limestone Quarries.
Near Township of Rye, Sorrento. Title-Crown Grant.
J.H. KNIPE is authorised to SELL by AUCTION, as above,
Freehold Property, Being Allotments 41,42,43, and part of 40*. Section A, on Government plan of the parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing about 638 acres.

The Improvements consist of a good substantial fence enclosing each block of land separately.
A comfortable homestead, and about 80 acres ploughed, ready for cropping.
The property is well known as John Lovie's Estate.
Title open for inspection etc. (P.2, Argus, 19-7-1876.)

I found references to John Lovie at Frankston, Fitzroy, Collingwood, Ballarat and in the Mordialloc Hunt letter at the start of this entry and I believe there is a link between all of them. There may also be a link with John Francis Taylor Lovie, an early 1900's pioneer of French Island, who established "Bonnie Doon".

One of the Lovie brothers named below was probably the father of J.F.T. Lovie and I guess that Taylor was the maiden name of his mother, or maybe, grandmother.
LOVIE.— On the 4th December, at Marong, Robert,the beloved uncle of Walter* Lovie. of Canning-street, Carlton, brother of the late John Lovie, of Keele-Street. Collingwood, also of the late Detective** Lovie, aged 65. Interred at Marong on the 5th December. (P.1, The Age, 6-12-1898.)

* If you want to turn a boy into a Wally all you have to do is name him Walter or Wallace! Notice that John's first baby registered at Tootgarook was Frank-short for Francis, the second given name of J.F.T. Lovie, whose son was named William Wallace Lovie.
View service records and place a tribute for William Wallace ...

*Before I discovered the relationship between the Wannaeue pioneer and the detective, I had a silent chuckle when I read that the detective had arrested a man named Ford and thought of the Ford v Lovie trial that cost John 100 quid.

There is no doubt that Susan Aumont married our Wannaeue pioneer. Notice that the first birth registered at Tootgarook (Rye) was in 1870. John received the grant for crown allotment 40B, section A, Wannaeue on 3-3-1869. He bought the other 638 acres on 24-8-1875. Lovie's Estate at Wannaeue was sold in 1876 and there are no prizes for guessing where he went- back to Collingwood, his other farm apparently having been sold too.

The death of little Mary in Frankston in 1867? Her father probably selected land there in 1867. On 10-6-1872, J. Lovie had been granted crown allotments 43-47, no section, parish of Frankston, a triangular 420 acres and 37 perches bounded by Wells Rd, Seaford Rd and Frankston-Dandenong Rd, the centre of which is indicated by Melway 99 H7.
(Google FRANKSTON, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON to get the parish map.

Why did I think the Lovie paddock was in the parish of Lyndhurst. The parish of Frankston ended at Seaford Rd-except that on Long Island it adjoined James McMahon's grant in the parish of Lyndhurst on which he built the Half-way House. On the same site today stands the Riviera Hotel.

LOVIE-AUMONT.-On the 29th ult., at St. Mark's Church, Collingwood, by the Rev. Mr. Barlow, Mr. John Lovie, of Aberdeen, Scotland, to Susan Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Louis Aumont, late of Jersey.(P.4, Argus, 1-8-1862.)

John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont - PhpGedView

John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont
Children (13 children)

Walter John Lovie (I2396)
Birth 1863 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1930 (Age 67) Age: 67 -- Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia

James Lovie (I2402)
Birth 1865 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
Death 1865 Age: 1 month -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Christine Ellen Lovie (I2403)
Birth 1866 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Mary Lovie (I2404)
Birth 1867 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia
Death 1867 Age: 1 day -- Frankston, Victoria, Australia

Alice Jessie Lovie (I2405)
Birth 1868 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia

Frank Lovie (I2406)
Birth 1870 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia
Death 1870 Age: 1 month -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

William Lovie (I2407)
Birth 1872 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Adela Lovie (I2408)
Birth 1875 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Robert Lovie (I2409)
Birth 1877 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Emily Matilda Lovie (I2410)
Birth 1879 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1880 (Age 12 months) Age: 18 months -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Florence Rosalie Lovie (I2411)
Birth 1881 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Louise Aumont Lovie (I2412)
Birth 1884 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Bertha Evelyn Lovie (I2413)
Birth 1887 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

It appears that John Lovie had sold 40B of 30 acres 3 roods 37 perches for which he had obtained the grant on 9-4-1869 before the 1875 assessment, in which he paid rates on 638 acres and a two roomed house with a net annual value of 30 pounds. There was an illegible note in the remarks column.

In 1876 there was no Lovie assessment so the west riding was searched almost to the end where I found at assessment 410:
Rolls, no given name, occupation illegible, 638 acres and buildings and a note that one pound ten shillings (of owed rates probably) had been written off on 10-2-1877.

The 1877 rates gave the new occupants' initials as J.T. or J.L., described him as a mariner, and as the owner,with the same property size and net annual value.

My conclusion is that Rolls had bought the property from John's mortgagee on 24-7-1876, a month or so before the rates were levied, but the rate collector was aware that a forced sale of the property was on the cards and had not written a Lovie assessment. Because ratepayers had to be listed alphabetically, rate collectors copied the previous year's assessment well before the September meeting and then crossed out the occupant's name, replacing it with that of his successor if there was a change. It was not done in this case but not much detail was available about the new owner.

I didn't bother going back past 1872 because the rate collector obviously had no idea what property John Lovie had and most likely things weren't going to improve. In 1874 there was no description of the property but a net annual value of 30 pounds had somehow been established. This value continued from 1872 till 1877 and rose to 50 pounds in 1878, Alexander having Crichton purchased 638 acres from John Thomas Rolls 2. The 1873 record stated that John Lovie had a two roomed house and in the faintest possible writing 660. In 1872 there was no description of the property. With such poor description of a rated property, I might as well just guess what was going on, and confirm it tomorrow if I remember. On 9-4-1869, John Lovie was granted 40B Wannaeue of 30 acres. If he had this property in 1868, it would mean he had selected the land,; if not, he'd bought it at auction. He was granted the other 638 acres on 24-8-1875, probably having selected these allotments some years earlier, perhaps in 1872. This would explain why the rate collector wasn't aware how much land he had in 1872. The rate collector was aware in 1873 that John had 40B of 30 acres and possibly misread the other 638 acres as 630 acres. In 1872, the rate collector may have known that Lovie was also leasing land from the crown but lacked any details about it. By 1874. the rate collector may have heard that Lovie had sold some land.
1871.No assessment nos. J.Lovie, 30 acres and 2 roomed house, Wannaeue, N.A.V. 10 pounds.
1870. No ass. nos. J.Lovie, 138 acres, 2 roomed house, Wannaeue, N.A.V. 10 pounds.
1869. 116. J.Lovie (owned by him) 138 acres and hut, Wannaeue, N.A.V.10 pounds.
1864-8. No Lovie assessment.

The above is crazy because the addition of a room to the house should have increased the N.A.V. by about 2 pounds and you'd expect some decrease in the N.A.V. when his land went from 138 acres to 30 acres. John did not OWN 138 acres in 1869 and 1870; until the grant for the 638 acres was issued on 21-8-1875, he could have only owned the 30 acres, 40B, for which the grant was issued on 9-4-1869. The 138 acres on which he was rated does not equate to the 30 acres plus any other of the allotments, nor any other single allotment or combination thereof.

The rate collector was as helpful as an udder on a bull (to make the old saying more G rated)so I gambled on a trove search for 40B Wannaeue search in the 1870's (after 30 acres Wannaeue didn't work) and found:

TRANSFER of LAND STATUTE.-Notice Is hereby given, that pursuant to the direction of the Commissioner of Titles in this behalf, it Is Intended, at the expiration of fourteen days from the insertion of this advertisement in the Melbourne "Argus" newspaper, to issue to JAMES BONHAM, of Catherine street, Richmond, contractor, a special certificate of title to the land described below, the duplicate certificate having, as is alleged, been lost;-

Crown Allotment 40B, Section A, parish of Wannacue, county of Mornington.
HENRY KRONE,Assistant Registrar of Titles. William Spark Woolcott, 39 Queen-Street, Melbourne.
(P.8, Argus, 17-5-1876.)
...and then this, which probably gives the date and memorial for John Lovie's sale of his first grant in Wannaeue.

LOST, CERTIFICATE of TITLE to James Bonham, Vol. 884, fol. 166,680, dated February 15, 1876. Reward on returning same to W. S. Woolcott, solicitor,30 Queen Street, Melbourne. (P.1, Argus, 28-3-1876.)

N.B. See FORD entry.

I call Sydney Smith Crispo, the Peninsula's Don Quixote, because of that great song from THE MAN OF LA MANCHA, "To Dream the Impossible Dream". Edward Williams seems to have been his closest friend in the area and I believe he penned the verse included in the WILLIAMS entry that contains the following lines expressing much the same idea:
What though thy brain with fancy teemed,
Fostered and led by fools;
What though thy airy castles gleamed,
Fashioned by dreamland's tools.

Much detail about Sydney and "Eastbourne" is included in the WILLIAMS entry.
Evidence of his interest in politics, and solving problems, is given in his own words in my journal:

How many amateur performers at concerts at Rosebud, Sorrento etc. could perform a one-man-show lasting two hours and keep the audience in rapture? How many residents of the Peninsula would have had the audacity to invite the Governor (Lord Brassey) to visit? (The Governor did visit but couldn't find Rye, although he thought Dr John Blair's "Blairgowrie" might be the town hall!) Only our Don Quixote could have suggested that the colonies be amalgamated, not federated, to form a nation, which would have prevented costly and wasteful Federal/State duplication. Who else would suggest that Australia's capital city should be at Rosebud West (Eastbourne renamed as Federanium. He was a character, for sure!

There is much Crispo genealogical information, including the family's proud naval tradition,in my DRAMA* ON TROVE (*Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around) which will be provided on request. This extract is my poem about Sydney.
S.S.C. by itellya.
Amalgamate, don't federate
For the making of a nation
To prevent wasteful State
And Federal duplication.

As for the site of the capital,
We need a place that's central.
The Monaro is a place forlorn;
The ideal place is my "Eastbourne".

The hall was packed for his one-man show,
Over twenty items in a row:
Readings, recitations, instrumentation funny
To raise some more community money.

Born of a naval dynasty,
He built the Canterbury jetty
And told the tale of Sorrento Town
Ere steamers started coming down.

Growing beet sugar, exporting meat,
A range of interests so complete.
His mind always sought adventure:
Our own Knight of La Mancha.

Near Boneo Rd.

PURVES (CAIN 4,5,6.)






At this time (circa 1880) William owned and resided on the Wannaeue Estate between Rosebud and Boneo, consisting of 661 acres 1 rood and 22 perches, being crown allotments 8-11, section A, Wannaeue. As a returning officer for the West Riding he was to be contacted there (advertisements.) The estate was bounded by Eastbourne Rd, Jetty Rd (and 400 metres of Old Cape Schanck Rd), an unmade government road which ran between the south end of the Rosebud Country Club's frontages to Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds (jokingly called Hiscock Rd west of Boneo Rd), and Boneo Rd on the west. The 167 acres (nearly) between Eastbourne Rd and Besgrove St was granted to Henry Reynolds and the rest to James Ford. (See Melway map 171.)

While a councillor and living on Wannaeue Station, William Ford had a famous cook! I was reminded of this while watching "High Tide", a history of the British navy.

It is not generally known says the Argus, Melbourne, of the 19th, that one of those who took part in the celebrated naval duel in 1813 between the English frigate Shannon, 36 guns, and the American frigate Chesapeake, 50 guns, is living in the colony in hale and hearty health. His name is Thomas Salmon, and he will be 80 years of age next month. He is employed as cook on the station of Mr. Ford, at Wannaeue, between Rye and Dromana. He appears to be likely to do a good day's work for several years to come, and is only too willing to relate the particulars of the naval confliction in which he was concerned. He narrates with great gusto the fact that it only took them in the Shannon 30 minutes to polish off the Chesapeake ; and speaks with some pride of the circumstance that Captain Broke, of the Shannon, and his first lieutenant, were the first to cut their way through the boarding nettings on to the Chesapeake's deck, when the boatswain piped "boarders away." The old man has a most thorough contempt for the present style of ironclad men-of-war, which he refers to as "iron pots." The old salt is a "character," and is always ready to spin a yarn relative to his adventures afloat or in the bush. (P.11, The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser,24-2-1877.)

See the LOVIE entry re a FORD hitting him (for perjury that is!) James Ford, William Ford's father, did a fair bit of damaging himself so it's ironic that he was so upset about Lovie damaging Browns Rd at Melway 169 G11. James Ford had been transported for machine breaking and in 1859, the founder and namer of Portsea was, with Peter Purves of Tootgarook Station, the perpetrator of a dodgy petition against the government's plans to built a fence from White Cliff to the back beach to stop the cattle of those two and a few others, such as George White, grazing in the police paddock; this, if successful, would have been damaging for the government which would have been required to buy fodder, and many of the signatories who actually supported construction of the fence.

James Ford lived at Portsea but would have spent much time travelling between there and the Wannaeue Estate (and 13AB, section B, Wannaeue on the west side of Purves Rd, which would make Browns Rd his preferred route rather than Ford's Lane (Eastbourne Rd.) If he'd gone the other way, Lovie might have been a Wannaeue pioneer for much longer.


Bay frontage east of Norm Clark Walk.

East of Cape Schanck and Grasslands Rd.

William Cripps received his grants in 1879 and 1884 but must have selected 18A1 in 1870 or earlier because he had made the track through what became Back Road Bob Cairns' selection in about 1870. The track was most likely Cairn Rd (which should be called Cairns Rd!)which links up perfectly with the west boundary of the Burrells' Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right, today's The Avenue. Back Road Bob and his son were using this track in about 1905 in the role of trespassers when his witness in this case, Robert Henry Adams, threatened them with a shovel for trespassing on his land.

The road that Mr Stephens said William should have used is Hove Rd, This would have involved travelling 3400 metres, as opposed to 1400 metres on the track that William had made twelve years earlier, to reach Melway 159 A 11 on the way to the Dromana Pier.And with the speed that bullocks travelled that would add hours extra to deliver a load and return for the next. The private track that Robert Cairns had made was almost certainly Cairn Rd which leads directly to Marina Crescent where his "Fernvilla" homestead still apparently stands. Bullockies used drags to descend steep inclines safely and Robert obviously didn't want ruts along his private track.

Robert Cairns v John Cripps; assault and trespass, £10. Mr Stephens for plaintiff and Mr Hornby for defendant.
Mr Hornby raised objection to procedure on the ground that the two causes for action should not be embodied on one summons, and referred his Honor to Section 46, Rule 57 in support.
Mr Stephen opposed Mr Hornby's dictum and said his client claimed £19 for the assault and £10 for the trespass, or together £19 only.
Mr Hornby objected to such a course being pursued, and asked his Honor for a non-suit on the ground stated.

His Honor overruled the objection, and Mr Stephen said his client, a farmer and selector at Wannaeue claimed £19 for assault and trespass. The defendant is also a selector near to plaintiff, and took the liberty to
cart large quantities of heavy firewood in wet weather over the plaintiff's land, which cut it up and did a large amount of damage. His client had often remonstrated and cautioned him not to do so, and in return got
nothing but abuse, and in the present case was violently assaulted whilst erecting a fence to prevent defendant trespassing. The defendant persisted in his trespass, and his client came to the Court to obtain the protection due to all. The action taken by his client was not in a malicious spirit, as the defendant had been repeatedly cautioned, and the only redress the plaintiff could obtain was coming to this Court. As a proof of this had he taken the case into the Supreme Court-which he could have done-the defendant would have been a ruined man. He
had persisted in doing a wrong to the plaintiff, finally violently assaulting him, and called the plaintiff.

Robert Cairns deposed: Was a farmer and selector at Wannacue near Dromana. Held a selection of 51 acres part of Government lot 32, and the defendant trespassed with bullocks and waggon on part of selection. Have been in possession 3 1/2 years and hold occupation license. I recollect the 14th of June and saw defendant on my land on that day +with a team of bullocks and waggon laden with wood. I spoke to him in a quiet friendly manner, and told him it was very wrong and foolish of him to trespass on my land, and that I would no longer quietly suffer the damage he was doing me, and I would not permit my own brother quietly to so injure me, and warned him to not again cross the land.

To his Honor: The defendant said it was doing no harm.

To Mr Stephen: On the following day,15th, I saw him again with his load bogged on my land. I again warned him. He partly unloaded his waggon and continued his trespass by cartage. On the 16th I went and took posts and rails to fence across at certain places to stop his carting. The defendant was there, and he asked me if I was
going to fence across the place and prevent him crossing. I told him I was. He then swore at me and called me vile names. He left and returned with his sons and again abused me. He removed the posts and rail I had partially erected, and as he was driving through he raised the butt end of his whip and struck me violently. I have had the land between three and four years. Made a private track some five years ago. I have cut the
principal portions of the timber off my selection.

Mr Stephen then called R.H.Adams, who stated that he was a farmer. Knew both the plaintiff and defendant's selections; adjoin his own. Saw Cripps carting wood over Cairns' land. Warned him not to cart over my land.
Lent Cairns some posts and fails, and went to Cairns' place and had a cup of tea.

To Mr Stephen,- I saw Cripps strike Cairns with the butt end of his whip handle and I saw the bruise for days after. The defendant had a lot of wood behind his waggon on the ground as a drag, which tore up the ground.

To Mr Hornby.-Know Cripps well, the piece of land in question has not been used as a public track ; have not been in trouble myself about a horse or cow.

Mr Hornby briefly addressed his Honor,submitting that there was no case, his client had simply been making use of an old track, and one he had made years ago. His Honour thought there was a case, he would think so too if he had been struck over the head with the butt end of a bullock whip.

Mr Hornby proceeded and pointed out the defendant held a license to cut timber, and simply used the old track, and called the defendant who said his name was Wm Cripps and not Jos. Cripps. Mr.Hornby called his Honor's attention to the fact that the wrong person had been summoned.
His Honour overuled, and permitted correction.

Defendant in reply to Mr. Hornby, deposed: Was a selector and farmer at Wannaeue and held a license to cut timber off crown lands adjoining plaintiff's property. Made the track along which he was carting 12 year ago. On the occasion in question had a load, and it was the only way possible to get the wood out from the place he had cut it.
To His Honor: There is no other outlet from the land.

Mr. Stephen pointed out there was a road as shown on the plan at the back portion and that defendant had no business on plaintiff's land if he could not get out.
Examination continued by Mr. Hornby: Plaintiff Cairns knew I was in the habit of going that way, and has had the selection about 4 years, and has not fenced. He never made any objection before to my using my
To His Honor : I was carting wood on the day, and Cairns objected. I never hit him on the head with my whip butt. I was on his land when the alleged assault took place, and when I came along the track with my load, Cairns stood in the centre and attempted to stop my bullocks. They swerved off the line, and getting them again into the track, had to make use of my whip, and I believe the whip caught Cairns's hat and knocked it off. It was quite accidental, and Cairns tells a deliberate lie when he says I intentionally struck him with the butt of my whip.
To Mr. Stephens: Cairns did not come to me as stated on the 14th, and caution me not to again use the track.
To His Honor: He did not tell me on the 14th. He told my son I believe on that day, but my son did not tell me. The day of the alleged assault, the 16th June, was not the first day he had cautioned me.
Cross-examined by Mr. Stephens : I did not make use of any parliamentary language to the plaintiff on the occasion. I was dragging the wood down the hill, and was ignorant as to whether he had given the selection up, as it was unfenced. I know Mr. Townsend, but have not quarrelled with him. He is a neighbour. Defendant also
stated that both Cairns and Adams had a regular down upon him, and bore him anything but a friendly feeling.

Mr. Hornby then called defendant's son, Wm. Thomas Cripps, who in reply to Mr. Hornby, said he was with his father on the 16th June. Saw Cairns at the same time. His father did not strike Cairns. Cairns stood in the middle of the track with a rail in his hand, and said the bullocks should not cross or pass that way. My father did not strike him intentionally with his whip.
Cross-examined by Mr. Stephen : There was no hot blood or quarreling on the occasion. His father's whip accidentally caught Cairns' hat and pulled it off, and he removed it out of his way with his foot. My father carted three loads afterwards. I don't remember Cairns cautioning my father not to cross that way on the 14th June. We did not do much work on the 15th June in consequence of the bullocks having strayed. My father has been across on two occasions since the 16th June, and I have been across with him.

Mr. Hornby then called Albert Cripps, a son of defendant, who in reply to that gentleman, said he was with his father on the 16th June, and as they were going along the road with the team, Cairns stood in the road with a
stick and tried to turn the bullocks. His father's whip caught Cairns' hat and knocked it off his head. I was not on the ground on the 14th June, but was on the 15th. Did not see the wheels of the waggon bogged.

Mr. Hornby then addressed His Honor, and contended there was no proof of an assault having been committed. Three witnesses to two proved to the non-assault. So far as the trespass was concerned, it might have occurred. The plaintiff had held the land for over 4 years, and had neglected to fence it, and his client thought he had given it up, and very reasonably so, and would leave the matter in his Honor's hands.

Mr. Stephen thought that the trespass and assault had been very clearly proved, and the fact of the defendant bringing in two of his own children into that court (mildly speaking) to commit perjury in the fact that they
distinctly swear they never saw any assault with the butt of the whip committed. The plaintiff and Mr. Adams, two respectable men, both swear distinctly to the assault, and being a most aggrieved one.

His Honor briefly referred to the points of evidence, and gave plaintiff a verdict for £10 and £6/1/0 costs. (P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 18-10-1882.)

THIS DAY.At the Rooms, At Twelve O'clock.
C.J. and T. HAM are Instructed by Mr. W.Cripps to SELL, as above,
Land, comprising 101 acres 1 rood 4 perches,being Sections 18 A1 and 30c, parish of Wannaeue,having a frontage to tho Cape-Schanck road, at Wannaeue, Mornington, within four miles of Dromana.
The extension of the railway to Schnapper Point must tend to benefit of this land. Title Crown grant.
Land being portion of Crown Allotment 8, parish of Moorooduc, having; a frontage of 180ft. to Tanti-road by a depth of 133ft.This desirable allotment is on the coach route, and convenient to the township. Title Certificate. (P.4, Argus, 10-6-1886.)

At the Police Court to day, Constable M'Grath charged William Cripps, the owner of a passenger coach plying between Mornington and Frankston. with using insulting language in the public road, viz., calling the
passengers in a rival coach "a lot of Van Diemonians", and also with negligent driving and obstructing the public road on the 2nd inst The Bench found the defendant guilty, and fined him £10 on the first charge,
dismissing the two others.(P.7, Argus, 14-7-1886.)

William Cripps' Wannaeue land was bought by T.Evans, along with John Townsend's grants but two years later, the mortgagee was selling both farms. Advertising
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Friday 15 June 1888 p 2 Advertising
... above are known as formerly the selection of Messrs. Townscud and Cripps, and recently Mr. T. F. Evans .

It looks like William decided firewood supply wasn't going to be profitable if he had to go the log way and decided to move to the Big Smoke (Mornington) in 1884 and remembered that he and Thirza intended to do something. Now what was it? Something to do with Albert, wasn't it?

Person Details for Thirza Cripps in entry for Albert Cripps ...

Name Albert Cripps
Gender Male
Christening Date 03 Oct 1884
Christening Place Moorooduc, Victoria, Australia
Birth Date 19 Jan 1869
Name Note Mornington, Victoria, Australia
Father's Name William Cripps
Mother's Name Thirza Cripps

Albert's details are missing from this genealogy page. The first-born would have been the other son who testified re the Robert Cairns charge of trespass and assault. One of the girls is buried at Mornington. I think it was Eva who married William McGrath. I wonder if Eva's husband was a descendant of Constable McGrath!There were actually ten children. See the end of my WILLIAM CRIPPS journal.

Thirza /WELLS/ Desc. -


William /CRIPPS/ Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1839 at Richmond, Surrey, UK

Thirza /WELLS/ Parents. Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. Jun 1840 at St Luke's, London City, London, UK
d. 1921 at South Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Marriage. 1861 at Cranbourne, Victoria, Australia


William Thomas /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree.
b. 1861 at Cranbourne, Victoria, Australia
d. 1885 at Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia
Jacob John /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree.
b. 1864
d. 1866
Eunice Ann /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1866 at Brighton, Victoria, Australia

Minnie /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1872 at Dromana, Victoria, Australia
d. 1960 at Hampton, Victoria, Australia

Georgina /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1874 at Dromana, Victoria, Australia
d. 1948 at Richmond, Victoria, Australia

Leslie /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree.
b. 1878 at St Kilda, Victoria, Australia
Victor /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1878 at St Kilda, Victoria, Australia
d. 1955 at Edithvale, Victoria, Australia

Eva /CRIPPS/ Draw Anc. Tree. Draw Desc. Tree.
b. 1881 at Dromana, Victoria, Australia
d. 1925 at Werribee, Victoria, Australia

ROSEBUD--By Executors late John Roberts-Allotment 18A2, Wannaeue,58 acres (next Cripps'. 1.5 mile south from
Rosebud State School, netting fenced, partly cleared. Apply McCONCHIE, Rosebud P.O, or BRADY, Mt Evergreen, Rosebud. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 15-1-1916.)


Near Purves Rd.

Near Main Creek Rd.

3 comment(s), latest 2 years ago


at Lyndhurst?
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 21 May 1870 p 11 Article
... off in Lovie's paddock, where a ... 75 words

This was an action to recover damages for malicious prosecution.Mr. Purves for tbe plaintiff, Mr. Higinbotbam and Mr. Spensley for defendant.
Plaintiff James Ford is a farmer near Point Nepean, and the defendant is a contractor in the same neighbourhood. In September last Lovie was summoned to the Dromana Police Court for injuring a road in the charge of the Kangerong Road Board by digging and so deepening a watercourse that crossed the road.
Mr. Ford was accidentally in court during the hearing of the case, and he was called bv the clerk of the road board as a witness. He said that he was well acquainted with the road for 15 years.Latterly the watercourse appeared to be deeper. It had been dug, and the clay was thrown on the bank. Mr. Lovie was fined by the Bench on the charge preferred against him, and he shortly afterwards applied for summonses against all the witnesses against him for perjury. The clerk of the court and the justice endeavoured to dissuade him from
taking out summonses, as there was no reason to suspect perjury ; but he insisted, and a summons was issued against Mr. Ford and another witness.The case was heard at the Dromana Police Court, and was dismissed, the justices adding that Mr. Ford left the court without a stain on his character.

This action was then commenced against Lovie.The defence was that there was reasonable and probable cause for the prosecution, and a number of witnesses were examined for the defence to show that the creek had not been dug where it crossed the road. Lovie and one of his men admitted, however, that the bed
of the creek had been deepened up to the road and below the road, but they denied that the road was touched by them.
The jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, damages £100. (P.6, Argus, 6-3-1871.)

At Twelve O'clock. At Knipe's Exchange,12 Collins-street West
Without Reserve
By Order of P. J Wilson, Esq. , Mortgagee.
638 Acres LAND,
Described on Government Plan as Black Alluvial Soil, Permanent Water, also Containing Inexhaustible Limestone Quarries.
Near Township of Rye, Sorrento. Title-Crown Grant.
J.H. KNIPE is authorised to SELL by AUCTION, as above,
Freehold Property, Being Allotments 41,42,43, and part of 40*. Section A, on Government plan of the parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing
about 638 acres.
The Improvements consist of a good substantial fence enclosing each block of land separately.
Also, A comfortable homestead, and about 80 acres ploughed, ready for cropping.
The property is well known as John Lovie's Estate.
Title open for inspection etc. (P.2, Argus, 19-7-1876.)

I found references to John Lovie at Frankston, Fitzroy, Collingwood, Ballarat and in the Mordialloc Hunt letter at the start of this entry and I believe there is a link between all of them. There may also be a link with John Francis Taylor Lovie, an early 1900's pioneer of French Island, who established "Bonnie Doon".
One of the Lovie brothers named below was probably the father of J.F.T. Lovie and I guess that Taylor was the maiden name of his mother, or maybe, grandmother.
LOVIE.— On the 4th December, at Marong, Robert,the beloved uncle of Walter* Lovie. of Canning-street, Carlton, brother of the late John Lovie, of Keele-Street. Collingwood, also of the late Detective** Lovie, aged 65. Interred at Marong on the 5th December. (P.1, The Age, 6-12-1898.)

* If you want to turn a boy into a Wally all you have to do is name him Walter or Wallace! Notice that John's first baby registered at Tootgarook was Frank-short for Francis, the second given name of J.F.T. Lovie, whose son was named William Wallace Lovie.
View service records and place a tribute for William Wallace ...

*Before I discovered the relationship between the Wannaeue pioneer and the detective, I had a silent chuckle when I read that the detective had arrested a man named Ford and thought of the Ford v Lovie trial that cost John 100 quid.

There is no doubt that Susan Aumont married our Wannaeue pioneer. Notice that the first birth registered at Tootgarook (Rye) was in 1870. John received the grant for crown allotment 40B, section A, Wannaeue on 3-3-1869. He bought the other 638 acres on 24-8-1875. Lovie's Estate at Wannaeue was sold in 1876 and there are no prizes for guessing where he went- back to Collingwood, his other farm apparently having been sold too.

The death of little Mary in Frankston in 1867? Her father probably selected land there in 1867. On 10-6-1872, J. Lovie had been granted crown allotments 43-47, no section, parish of Frankston, a triangular 420 acres and 37 perches bounded by Wells Rd, Seaford Rd and Frankston-Dandenong Rd, the centre of which is indicated by Melway 99 H7.
(Google FRANKSTON, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON to get the parish map.

Why did I think the Lovie paddock was in the parish of Lyndhurst. The parish of Frankston ended at Seaford Rd-except that on Long Island it adjoined James McMahon's grant in the parish of Lyndhurst on which he built the Half-way House. On the same site today stands the Riviera Hotel.

LOVIE-AUMONT.-On the 29th ult., at St. Mark's Church, Collingwood, by the Rev. Mr. Barlow, Mr. John Lovie, of Aberdeen, Scotland, to Susan Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Louis Aumont, late of Jersey.(P.4, Argus, 1-8-1862.)

John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont - PhpGedView
John Lovie + Susan Mary Aumont
Children (13 children)

Walter John Lovie (I2396)
Birth 1863 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1930 (Age 67) Age: 67 -- Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia

James Lovie (I2402)
Birth 1865 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
Death 1865 Age: 1 month -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Christine Ellen Lovie (I2403)
Birth 1866 -- Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Mary Lovie (I2404)
Birth 1867 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia
Death 1867 Age: 1 day -- Frankston, Victoria, Australia

Alice Jessie Lovie (I2405)
Birth 1868 -- Snapper Point, Victoria, Australia

Frank Lovie (I2406)
Birth 1870 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia
Death 1870 Age: 1 month -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

William Lovie (I2407)
Birth 1872 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Adela Lovie (I2408)
Birth 1875 -- Tootgarook, Victoria, Australia

Robert Lovie (I2409)
Birth 1877 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Emily Matilda Lovie (I2410)
Birth 1879 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia
Death 1880 (Age 12 months) Age: 18 months -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Florence Rosalie Lovie (I2411)
Birth 1881 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Louise Aumont Lovie (I2412)
Birth 1884 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia

Bertha Evelyn Lovie (I2413)
Birth 1887 -- Collingwood, Victoria, Australia


THE WANNAEUE MAP DIDN'T SUBMIT. Google WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON. John's grants partly fronted Browns and Truemans Rds.

6 comment(s), latest 3 weeks, 3 days ago


This journal is based on my post of August 11, 2015 on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page, followed by many Hazledine descendants (who informed me that the usual "el" spelling, which I've deliberately left in the title of the post, is wrong.) At the time having conducted special rate research, I attempted to submit a journal but internet connection issues prevented this.

Joseph William Hazledine Jnr. married Lizzie, daughter of Rye's Michael Cain, and many Hazledine descendants still live in the area. One, John, wrote an article in the Rye Historical Society's White Cliffs which includes a photo of J.W.H.Jnr, his son (Neville) and grandson (John.)
'White Cliffs' - Rye Historical Society - Weebly
.... My father's name was Neville Joseph Hazledine.

From A Dreamtime of Dromana.
P.67. On 22-11-1888,Mr Hazeldine's black mare was served by George McLear's Gay Lad and left in the paddock with him. The horse was required in about a fortnight for drill practice. (G.McLear's account book.)
P.53-4. When H.B.Simon died, his house, which was situated about 230 yards above Boundary Rd, was purchased by the Shire Rate Collector, Mr Hazeldine, who moved it onto his land in Foote St, Dromana and with his family took up residence therein. His descendants occupied it until comparatively recently (stated Colin)when it was removed to make way for the new Roman Catholic Church.
P.166. Ticky Hazeldine was a member of the Dromana footy team in 1946 and is in the back row in this photo.
P.195.Ticky Hazeldine delivered meat orders on his horse and cart.

At the ordinary monthly meeting of the Shepparton Shire Council today a letter was received from Mr. Charles W. Morgan, of Echuca, on behalf of Mr. J. W. Hazeldine, State school teacher at Picola North, applying for the payment of £250 for a libel contained in a letter written by the secretary of the council to the Minister of Public Instruction in November, 1882, in connexion with rates due to the council. It was resolved to place the matter in the hands of the shire solicitor.(P.7, Argus, 3-7-1883.)

POULTRY.-Cochins-First, J. W. Hazeldine, Picola.Common Cochins-First, A. E. Kinsey; second. J.W. Hazeldine. Dorkings-First, J. W. Hazeldine.
White-crested Polish-First. A E. Kinsey. Polish (othervariety)-First, J. W. Hazeldine. Black Spanish-First, A E. Kinsey; second, J. W. Hazeldine. Bantams First, James Malono, Moama. Golden Hamburgs First. J. W. Hazeldine; seoond, T. Taylor. Silver Hauibunra-First, T. Taylor. Silver-spangled Hamburgs-first, J. W. Hazeldine; etc.(P.31, The Australasian, 15-8-1885.)

Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1889 p 9 Detailed Lists, Results, Guides
... — Benjamin White, 133 a., Kunat ICunat. Echuca, 29th October, at 10 a.m.— Joseph W. Hazeldine, 11 a., Picola,

The ordinary fortnightly meeting of the Literary Association was held on Monday
last in the Mechanics' Institute. The proceedings took the form of a mock parliamentary election. There were five candidates desirous of representing the electors of the County of Mornington. Messrs Brady and Wright stood in the Free trade interest, whilst Messrs Hazeldine and Heather were Protectionists, and Mr T.Chapman was the nominee of the Temperance party.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1889.)

When the late John Vans Agnew Bruce Jnr's northern portion of Jamieson's Special Survey (from coast to Bulldog Creek Rd between lines indicated by Ellerina Rd and Martha Cove Waterway) was advertised for sale, Joseph William Hazeldine, was the local agent.
It is part of the celebrated Jamieson's Special Survey, in the parish of Kangerong, and the land will be pointed out by the driver of the coach from Mornington to Dromana, or by Mr J. W. Hazeldine, electoral registrar and agent, Dromana. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-12-1901.)

Mornington Peninsula Football Association.
A meeting of delegates of the above Association was held at the Grand Hotel, Mornington, on Monday night last, the president (Mr L. Harrison) in the chair. The following delegates were also present :-Messrs W Odgers and T. Hutchins (Mornington), H.Firth and W. Monk Somerville), J.Griffith and Hazledine (Dromana), Oswin and Callanan (Balnarring), Pearce and Wilson (Hastings), H.Noble and McLaurin (Tyabb), A.Bartlett (Sorrento).
In the absence of Mr H. Menck (who is at present in ill-health), Mr Hazeldine was appointed secretary pro tern, on the motion of Messrs J. Griffith and H.Firth. etc. (P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 21-8-1909.)

DROMANA.-CORIO, superior Accommodation, near beach and golf-links; terms moderate; garage. Mrs. Hazeldine. (P.12, Argus, 28-3-1916)
So Joseph's wife, Mary Margaret Hazeldine (nee Hamilton?), former teacher, really did become a boarding house keeper!

The death occurred on Friday of Mr. Joseph William Hazeldine, aged 82 years, at his residence, Dromana. Mr. Hazeldine settled in the Dromana district 48 years ago and was a State school teacher at Rosebud for NINE* years. He was a teacher in the service of the Education Department for 28 years. Until his death he was registrar of births and deaths at Dromana. The funeral took place on Saturday. Requiem mass was celebrated by the Rev. Father O'Sullivan, who also read the burial service.
Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery**. The casket was carried by his six sons. The pall-bearers were Cr Wilson, Messrs. A. W. Farrell, L.Carrigg, J. Matthews, A. Cooper, B.Wilson, J. Moraes, and G. Brown. The funeral was conducted by Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston. Mr. Hazeldine leaves six sons and four daughters.(P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 30-8-1935.)

LOUIS ANDERSON AND JOSEPH WILLIAM HAZELDINE.--------Louis Anderson was appointed postmaster at Rosebud on 22-9- 1890, following the resignation of teacher Joseph William Hazeldene who started at Rosebud State School on 20-9-1886 and conducted a post office at the school (as he had done at Picola) from 38-3-1889 to September 1889, retiring as a teacher at the end of the year. "Although Louis Anderson was postmaster for the next seven years, regretably no one today has ever heard of him. Early records of the school show that the post office continued to be conducted from the school and the head teacher who replaced Mr Hazeldene at the beginning of the school year in 1891, Mr Frederick Cooper Green, was appointed postmaster on 11-5-1897 and continued in the role, despite the control of Post and Telegraph passing to the Commonwealth on March 1,1901, until he left the school at the end of 1901.
(The above would indicate that Joseph William Hazeldine was at Rosebud State School only for four years. However 48 years before 1935 would have been 1887 and he might have started at the school then. It is also possible that Mr Green started at Rosebud State School in 1897 and the last digit has been misread as a 1. However the latter theory is disproved by the following extract from the report of a Flinders and Kangerong Shire meeting.

A. G. Clayton, teacher, Flinders, wrote asking permission to re-open his school, which had been closed owing to prevalence of whooping cough.- There being no objection on the part of the health officer, the re-opening wassanctioned.
From F. Green, Rosebud, reporting two cases of whooping cough. Received.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 7-4-1892.)
The obituary indicates that Joseph's wife, Mary Margaret, had pre-deceased him so the information would have come from their children. It is possible that it was Mary Margaret Hazeldine who taught at Rosebud State School for nine years. Her occupation was given as teacher as late as the 1910-11 assessment (and perhaps in 1911-12 which I skipped) before her description changed to boarding house keeper in 1913-14.

These are the only Hazeldine details recorded from headstones.
HAZELDENE Barbara M 11/10/1941 9/08/1993 Hus Edwin
HAZLEDINE Robert Roy 18/08/1948 18/07/1993
HAZLEDINE Ronald Roy 6/05/1921 25/03/2000
HAZLEDINE Doris Lillian 2/03/1918 11/08/2002
It could be assumed that Mary Margaret was also buried at Dromana. Their headstone was probably destroyed by the terrible 1939 bushfire.

History - Rosebud Primary School
The Education Department announced in November 1886 that a school house with a teacher's residence attached would be built on the recently acquired land. The plan of this building was the standard design being built throughout Victoria in this era. It consisted of a 24 foot by 16 foot school room with iron gable roof and a small gabled front porch. A four-roomed teacher's residence was attached running at right angles to the school room. A skillion verandah ran the length of the dwelling. The whole building was clad in weatherboards.On April 7th, 1887 the school furniture was moved from the leased building and placed in the new schoolhouse. Presumably the Head Teacher, Mr Joseph Hazeldine, moved into the residence. He had four school-age children of his own enrolled at the school.
About this time, wandering cattle were a problem because they liked to sleep the night in the shelter of the school building. The school site was bare of vegetation and Mr Hazeldine promised to plant shelter trees if the Department would fence the property to keep out the cattle. In 1888 a split post fence with three rails was built around the school site. It had a large and small gate facing the Main Road and cost £26, half of which was paid with local funds.
A large rotting stump of a cypress tree just inside the front fence is all that remains of Mr Hazeldine's "shelter" trees.

Comment from Jenny Skelton.
Dad told me about a man called 'Ticky' Hazeldine when I showed him my form 2 photo from High school, he went on to say that 'Ticky' had heart problems, (thus the) nickname. He worked for my uncle Jack Wilson Butchers.
N.B. Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana shows that Ewart called one of his friends "Chap Hazie". This was probably one of Ticky's brothers.

We've seen one of Joseph's interests, which probably provided much eggscitement. He should have sought counsel before taking on this old adversary, but there again counsel WAS his adversary.
A chess match between two old antagonists, Mr Frank Counsel and Mr J.W. Hazeldine, which had been pending for some time was played last week. The conditions were the best 4 games out of 7. Mr Counsel proved too good
for his opponent, winning the first 4 out of 6. Mr T. Bryan acted satisfactorily as umpire. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-5-1898.)

One would assume that his pall bearers were among his closest friends,i.e.
Cr Wilson, Messrs. A. W. Farrell, L.Carrigg, J. Matthews, A. Cooper, B.Wilson, J. Moraes, and G. Brown. Cr Wilson would have been Henry Burdett Coutts Wilson whose son almost drowned at Dromana circa 1906 while he and Mr Townsend (who saved the boy using mouth to mouth half a century before it was invented) were building the slaughteryard shown on Melbourne Brindle's map. Henry took charge of the Sorrento butchering operation after acting as a footy umpire (as Joseph also did.) B.Wilson would have been Ben. A.W.Farrell served as Shire Secretary of the F & K and Mornington Shires; he is in the photo (displayed in the Dromana Museum) taken in 1928 when the Old Shire Office was first used. Lou Carrigg owned the Dromana Hotel from about 1914 and remodelled it in 1927; he was a stalwart of the Dromana Football Club and Joseph served as the club's delegate. James Matthews was an early builder who married a descendant of Sarah Wilson as detailed in Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND, and was badly injured. A. Cooper, whether the surname was spelt Cooper or Couper, was probably a Rosebud pioneer. (Ramsay and Nora Couper were early owners of The Thicket.) John Lima Moraes may have been another Cape Verde Islander; In 1910 he was farming on 10.5 acres on 31A Wannaeue (southern portion of Rosebud Public Golf Course) and in 1919 he was also farming another 53 acres nearby, possibly William Hobley's grant, now occupied by Firway Grove and Burunda Rd. G.Brown was possibly a son of Charles Brown who was running the Arthurs Seat hotel when it burnt down in early 1898.

When Joseph retired from teaching and moved to Dromana, possibly in early 1897,he leased crown allotments 1 and 3 of section 2, Township of Dromana from J.F.Hughes of Castlemaine. Crown allotment 3 had a 20 metre frontage to both Foote St and McArthur St starting 40 metres from the Esplanade and was granted to Alexander Haldan on 16-11-1859. Crown allotment 1 on the western corner of the Esplanade and Foote St was purchased from the crown by R.Walker and W.D.Scurfield on 10-5-1858 but had probably been sold at a tidy profit to Haldan soon afterwards because Alex. was running the township's post office by the end of 1858. Scurfield's hotel was erected at the same time on the east side of Foote St and being run by Richard Watkin (who later established the Dromana Hotel in 1862)by the end of 1858, in conjunction with selling Arthurs Seat timber.

In the mid 1880's, there was a petition organised by George McLear to extend the township's eastern boundary from McCulloch St toward the pier but such a formality wasn't needed when Walter Gibson took over the position of post master and constructed a granite post office fronting the Esplanade not far west from Pier St and Rudduck's Jetty Store. The Haldans ran a guest house called Dromana Villa in the old post office. The building was later owned by George Dawes, who used to buy gold, but he had a serious accident and sold it to Hughes.

So it was Dromana's original post office, probably enlarged to become a guest house, which the Hazledines occupied from 1897 until 1902 when Joseph's name was written under occupant but then crossed out. Melbourne Brindle noted that pre-1918 the house was called Carnavon and occupied by Ricketts, later Hughes.The house survived until the 1950's when it was replaced by a granite house called Carnarvon. The Flemmings found many ink wells in the garden; there weren't biros 1858-1886! A modern building now stands on the west corner of Foote St where the Hazledines first lived in Dromana but the second Carnarvon was not demolished, instead being extended with a granite wall still visible under the carport.

In 1903, Mrs J.W.Hazledine was assessed on 5 lots and building, Dromana. The 1907 rates describe Mary Margaret Hazledine as a teacher who was assessed on 3 lots Foote St, while Joseph, who'd apparently sold 8 acres to Nelson Rudduck, was leasing, or had maybe bought, 11 acres (McRae, sic Estate) from law firm, Stribble. Some of McCrea's land was the site of their second house, "Corio", H.B.Simon's old house.

It is mentioned above that in 1906-7 Joseph William Hazeldine was assessed on 11 township lots, a note indicating that this was the McRae Estate.Early in my research, I thought Dr McCrae might have been Dr Farquhar McCrae, the brother of Andrew McCrae of the Arthurs Seat Run. I now know that it was this fellow.

Biography - William McCrea - Australian Dictionary of ...
William McCrea (1814-1899), medical administrator and naval surgeon, was born on 14 October 1814 in County Tyrone, Ireland. His father died before William.
I will not detail the location of all of his grants in Dromana Township, just the ones in connection with the boarding house.
Mary Margaret Hazeldine, boarding housekeeper, 1.5 acres and building,crown allotments 7,8,10 section 1.
Section 1 was bounded by the beach road, Permien St,Clarendon St and Foote St. Many blocks near the Beach Road were granted to William Dixon Scurfield whose hotel was being run by Richard Watkin by 1858. Crown allotment 7, 8 and 10 were granted to Dr William McCrea in August 1856.
C/A10 had frontages of 50 metres to the north side of Clarendon St and 40 metres to the east side of Foote St. Lots 8 and 7, each having a frontage of 20 metre to both Foote and Permien Sts were north west of lot 10 (and 9 on the Clarendon/ Permien corner.) Lot 10 is now the site of Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church, the new Catholic Church for which the Hazeldine home was demolished, that is, the former home of Henry Bernard Simon mentioned at the start of this post. As seen above in an advertisement, the boarding house was called "Corio".

Melbourne Brindle's map calls this "Chap" Hazeldine's house. In the middle of lots 8 and 7 is a cross linked by an arrow to the following text: SCENE OF THE CHAFF CUTTING CONTEST OF THE CENTURY. OLD "DAD" (NOT TOO BRIGHT) WAS THE VICTIM - CHAP HAZEY WAS THE MASTER-MIND!

HAZELDINE. — On the 13th November, at her residence,"'Corio," Dromana, Mary M., the dearly beloved wife of Joseph W. Hazledine, and loving mother of Mrs. Hurrey (New Zealand), Joe, Mrs. Fleming, Bert,Norman, Reg, Queenie, Lewis, Mary and Jack: aged 58 years. R.I. P.
Immaculate heart of Mary,
Your prayers for her extol.
Oh, Sacred Heart of Jesus,
Have mercy on her soul.
(P.5,Tribune, Melbourne, 23-11-1916.)


Royce—Horsley,—On 28th April, at Burwell, Neil street, by the father of the bridegroom, assisted by Rev. Wm. Williams, Arthur, second son of the Rev.J. S. H. Royce, of Sale, to Alice, second daughter of Wm. Horsley, Ballarat.(P.2, The Ballarat Star, 22-5-1886.)

ROYCE.-On the 10th inst., accidentally drowned at Cape Schanck Thomas William Arthur, son of
Rev J.S.H.Royce, of Geelong, aged 30 years. (P.1, Argus, 21-1-1893.)

Poor pregnant Alice was hoping for a miracle!
ROYCE. —On the 10th inst., accidentally drowned at Cape Schanck, Thomas William Arthur, the beloved husband of Alice V. Royce, Geelong Ladies' College, aged 30. (P.1, Argus, 24-1-1893.)

ROYCE. —On the 8th inst., at 205 Yarra street, the wife of the late T. W. A. Royce—a son.
(P.1, Argus, 14-8-1893.)

itellya NEVER GIVES UP. My Brady (FACEBOOK) post on PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA resulted from chance discoveries made while I was looking for an article that changed my mind about how the families of William John Brady and Rose Roberts became acquainted. I'd originally assumed that the two families met because the Brady family's Mount Evergreen (Melway 254 D1) was near the Roberts' grant (Crown allotment 1C, section A, Parish of Flinders, granted to C.Roberts on 21-7-1890) at 255 B1. However John and Hannah Roberts had spent much time at Geelong and since F. Brady (now obviously Frederick George Holland Brady, born in 1866, aged about 26 at about the time of the following tragedy and later a Presbyterian minister and missionary) was teaching at Geelong, it became most likely that the two families became acquainted in Geelong.
It took me about three years to find the proof that Dromana's much-loved medico, Watson Eaton, had never received any medical training and I still haven't found his testimony that he'd never attended University. It looked as if I'd never find the article about the tragedy near Cape Schanck which revealed that young Brady was a teacher at Geelong. Constant changes of search terms on trove (e.g. BRADY TEACHER GEELONG; BRADY ROSEBUD; HEADMASTER DROWNED) brought no results until I tried BRADY MOUNT EVERGREEN.

Yesterday morning the news of the death by drowning of Mr Thos. W.A.Royce, principal of the Geelong Ladies' College in Ryrie-street east, caused a general expression of deep regret. The lamentable occurrence was known to several gentlemen in Geelong late on Thursday night, but the sad intelligence was not communicated to the relatives until yesterday morning.

The first intimation of the unfortunate affair was communicated from Cape Schanck lighthouse, situated about 20 miles to the eastward of Port Phillip Heads, when it was reported by telegraph that a man was seen drifting out to sea, and the alarm bell at Queenscliff was tolled to attract the attention of the life-boat crew.
The facts connected with the sad event were elicited from Mr F. Brady, one of the masters engaged at the Junior Grammar School, who returned last evening from the scene of the accident. The late Mr Royce, about ten days since, went with Mr Brady to his father's farm at Mount Evergreen, situated between Dromana and Mount Schanck, about 10 miles from the coast, to pass a portion of the school holidays.

He spent a very pleasant time in the locality, and intended returning to Geelong on Wednesday last, but there not being any steamer crossing from Dromana on that day a party was made up for an outing to the coast on Thursday. About noon on the last named day a brother of Mr Brady (either William John, born 1862 or Obadiah Whitfield, born 1864, there being no other brothers), a friend named Ruddock (Rudduck), Mr Royce, and a fourth gentleman whose name has not transpired, went into the sea to have a bath at a site three miles on the Point Nepean side of Cape Schanck.

The place selected for the swim was a deep crescent shaped inlet in the rocks, beyond which was a ledge of rocks lashed by the waves, the intervening space forming a deep channel through which there was an exceptionally strong current. The four swimmers, with the view of reaching the outer rocks, ventured to cross the channel, but soon found that the current was too strong for them and all but Mr Royce were able to regain the still water in the rocky crescent. Poor Mr Royce, as he was swept down the channel, vainly cried for assistance, and his companions made an effort to rescue him but were driven back again owing to the force of the current, one of them narrowly escaping the fate of the rapidly disappearing schoolmaster.

For several minutes Mr Royce was observed struggling on the tops of the waves, and finally he was lost to view. A close search was made along the coast for the unfortunate swimmer, and his friends had to reluctantly conclude that he had been drowned, and whilst two members of the party gave information of the affair to the lighthouse keeper at Cape Schank; young Brady rode off towards Mount Evergreen, and meeting his brother, Mr F. Brady, made him acquainted with the accident.

Parties were at once formed for searching the coast line in the hope that Mr Joyce might have been washed ashore, but up to last night no tidings of the missing swimmer had been received, and our Queenscliff correspondent wired-" There is nothing known here about the man drowned near Cape Schanck on Thursday. It is impossible for the body to be found at Queenscliff, owing to the prevailing winds, which are westerly."

The late Mr Royce, who was 30 years of age, was married to Miss Horsley, of Ballarat, who has been left with five children, the youngest being a baby in arms. The deceased gentleman was the second eldest son of the Rev. J. S. H.Royce, of Yarra-street south, a superannuated clergyman of the Wesleyan denomination. He was a student of Wesley College, Melbourne, and afterwards completed his education at the Melbourne University. For a considerable period he was one of the masters of the Geelong Scotch College,and after leaving that scholastic institution he became one of the masters in the Ballarat Ladies' College, under Mr Buley?, the principal of that college.

When Mr M'Burney? was retiring some years since from the Geelong Ladies' College, in Gheringhap-street, the institution was taken in hand by the late Mr Royce, and the school was subsequently removed to premises in Myers-street, vacated by Mr W. F. Ducker, and a few months since the college was removed to a handsome villa at the corner of Ryrie and Swanston streets. The late Mr Royce was one of the trustees of the Yarra-street Wesleyan church, and was a firm adherent of the Wesleyan denomination and frequently officiated as a local preacher.He took a great interest in all educational matters, and acted as secretary of the University Extension lectures, and he has filled the position of a member of the Geelong Free Library.
(P.3, Geelong Advertiser, 21-1-1893.)

As my correction of digitisation in the article missed a few mistakes and you can bet that funny things will happen to apostrophes etc when I submit, Royce researchers should send me a F.T.C. private message asking me to email the proper correction of text to you.


I wrote the following as a post on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA Facebook group page. Send me a F.T.C. private message if you need information referred to as being in other posts.

The subdivision bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Parkmore Rd, South Rd and Adams Ave. has been mentioned before in relation to the Adams family and will not be dealt with here. This post arises from two chance discoveries. The first is testimony given by Mrs De Garis after her husband faked his first suicide and the second is W.F.Vale's sale of the unsold portions of Woolcott's estate, which I have been trying to find for ages.
Charles Blakey had bought crown allotment 18 between the line of Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd prior to 1875 and tried to subdivide the 152 acres but only sold the 2 acre lot 86 on the FJ's corner. Bullocky Bob White knew about this when he bought his 150 acres but the purchase of the corner block was not registered in the titles office. This led to the Lake brothers trying to eject Jack Jones circa 1890, which has been mentioned before. The Bamfords and the Pottons later owned the farm about which Peter Wilson wrote a chapter called Henry Potton's Farm in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. He included much detail about De Garis but the chance discovery provides information given by his distraught wife (nee Austin) not found in Peter's book or other articles.

Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1926) Wednesday 7 January 1925 p 5 Article

Woolcott apparently subdivided crown allotment 17, the land between Jetty Rd. and the line of Norm Clark Walk, in about 1877. George and Susan Peatey bought lot 76 of just over 2 acres in 1878 with a loan from Nelson Rudduck and occupied it 10 years later when they paid off the loan.
By 1900 the Commercial Bank had 84 of the 129 acres and in 1910, Henry Bucher 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns lots 29-32, Rosebud Ted Cairns lots 49-54 which he'd just sold to Alf Hansen (*sic) and lot 74, Henry George Chapman 2 lots, the Coburns lots 57-60, Alf Hansen (sic) lots 23, 24, 75, 77, 79, John McConchie lots 37-40, Robert Cairns lots 5 and 6, Mrs Susan Peatey lot 76, Mary B.Stone (a.k.a. Polly Vine) lots 25-28 and Vale** 84 acres. John Fallow had lot 80, and Mrs J.Spensley 4 lots.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1909 p 21 Advertising
(*The early Rosebud map notes that Alf Hansen (sic) built the first shop on the Clacton-on-Sea Estate as a land sales office. Alf (1884-1960) was the fifth child of Hans Christian Hanson and Ellen (nee Olson) from Norway who owned "Alpine Chalet" at the north end of Tucks Rd from about 1887. Alf married Frances Ada Elizabeth Purves, a descendant of the real Tootgarook pioneering Purves. MEMORIES OF A LARRIKIN is the biography of his son Hec,, written by Petronella Wilson.)
(**The Vale family had been involved in Peninsula affairs since the 1850's when a letter was written about the splendid opportunities offered in the parish of Moorooduc near Schnapper Point.
P. 7, Argus, 27-12-1855.
Vale bought much land in Mornington, hence Vale St, and later owned Dalkeith near the Mornington turn off. This passed to his daughter Phyllis, Mrs Jackson, who also owned the Boniyong Stud south of the junction of Jetty and Browns Rd, the subject of another post.)


John was a pioneer of the Tootgarook area that I'm sure nobody knew about. The only thing I knew about him was that he was not Lord (or Baron) Clyde's brother but that in 1869,it was assumed by the press that he would inherit the prize money won by Colin Campbell,who was born Colin M'Liver. The surname was actually McLiver but often appeared in newspapers with the apostrophe. He must have been related in some way to Baron Clyde whose father's name was John McLiver. The following is my attempt to provide details about John before and after the widespread publicity in 1869 but I can't guarantee that all references are to the same person.

DAVID HOWELL and Thomas B. Young will hear of imports I have by sending their address to John M'Liver, Williamstown Post Office.(P.1, Argus, 5-10-1853.)

Sir,- Allow us to draw your attention to proceedings that took place at the Police Court,Swanston-street, this afternoon. We attended there to obtain a form of application for a carrier's licence, when a police officer
informed us there were no printed forms to be had. We were leaving, when a carrier, Edward Rowland, of Preston, came out to get change to pay for a form the police officer had written out for him at a charge of 2s. 6d. We told Edward Rowland the charge was only 1s. He stated to the officer the charge was only 1s, when the
officer said; "You may go and get one where you can." We then applied at tho office on tho left hand side of the entrance, and there obtained the printed forms at 1s. each.
We are, Sir, your humble servants, JNO. MARRIOTT,JOHN M'LIVER. 251 Elizabeth-street, Melbourne.
(P.6, Argus, 23-5-1859.)

FOR SALE, a young HORSE, three years old, from Van Dieman's Land. John M'Liver, Armstrong's Stables.
(P.8, Argus, 20-6-1859.)

FOUR-ROOMED verandah COTTAGE, newly built, quarter-acre garden, to LET, at Benevolent Asylum, foot Spencer-Street, rent low. John M'Liver,251 Elizabeth-street.(P.1, Argus, 24-9-1859.)

Contract Accepted. â Extras on John M'Liver's contract, No. 817 of 1860, for fencing batteries at Sandridge, £20, John M'Liver. (P.5,The Age, 7-11-1860.)

...; Sydney and Heathcote roads, erection of mile-posts,£24, John M'Liver; Melbourne district, erection
of mile-posts, £43 15s., John M'Liver ; (P.5,Argus,26-1-1861.)

erection of mile-posts, £52 8s, John M'Liver. Melbourne to Ballaarat :(P.7,The Age, 1-1-1862.)

Mr John M'Liver entered a protest against the selection , Ellen Cecil of lots 4 of sec. 2, and 1 2 of sec. 8, she being under age. (P.25,Leader, 6-4-1867.)

M'LIVER-MAHONY.-On thE 4th ult., at St. Francis',John M'Liver, Kingston, Canada West, to Mary Mahony, Killcommon, Tipperary, Ireland. (P.4,Argus, 3-3-1868.)

The Herald of Saturday states:â"At the present moment a tiller of the soil is about to proceed to Europe to enforce his claim as next of kin to the late Lord Clyde, better known as Sir Colin Campbell. M'Liver, the free selector on Boneo, in the district of Tootgarook, who for some time has been, content to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, bursts suddenly upon us as the heir-presumptive to the son of Mr John M'Liver, of Glasgow, and; who entered the army as Ensign Campbell in 1808, and who in 1858 was created a peer by the title of Lord Clyde. From what we hear it seems probable that the Australian M'Liver, who until now has been satisfied with the benefits conferred upon him under the 42nd clause of the Land Act, will be able to substantiate his claim to the accumulated prize-money of the hero of Chillianwallah; Alma, and Lucknow.
(P.2s, The Ballarat Star, 30-8-1869.)

Richard Dwyer, a somewhat elderly man, was charged with having stolen a £l note from the dwellinghouse of John
M'Liver, residing near Dromana. He had taken the money during the absence of the prosecutor from his house, and concealed it in his necktie, where it was found upon his being arrested. The note was fully identified by the prosecutor. The prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment. (P.4, Argus, 2-3-1870.)

Letters received-; From Mr..E. M. T. O'Halloran, solicitor,Queen-street, Melbourne forwarding a second application on behalf of Mr. John M'Liver for payment of £283 3s 6d., balance due for work and labour, and intimating that unless the amount with costs was paid within one week proceedings would be instituted against the council.-Cr. Johnston explained that M'Liver had entered into a contract to complete certain work for a
certain sum; the work had not been completed to the satisfaction of the borough inspector, and fresh tenders haIl been invited at his (M'Liver's) risk. He moved that the balance of the contract, less the amount paid to the Second contractor, be paid to Mr. M'Liver. (ST KILDA COUNCIL.The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 23 December 1871 p 3 Article)

John M'Liver, farmer, of Villiers-street, Hotham. Causes of insolvency : High rent and bad crops. Liabilities, £92 5s.; assets, £51 ; deficiency, £41 5s.(P.3,The Age,22-9-1875.)

Tbe following forfeited lands will be open
for selection on and after Friday, Nov. 19 Wanraue-John McLiver, 140 acres.

Friday, 6th October.(Before Judge Noel.) Certificates (of discharge from insolvency)were granted to ...; John M'Liver,Hotham, farmer;etc. (P.6, The Age, 7-10-1876.)

Benalla, 9th December.â .. Shepparton. llth December.â John M'Liver, 192a.,Arcadia.(P.9, Leader,6-12-1884.)

At the Hawthorn Court on Tuesday, before Messrs. Walsh (chairman), Wallis(mayor),Harbison, Nichol, and Stackpole, a man named John M'Liver was charged with assaulting Ann M'Ewen and trespassing on her premises. He was also sued for £12 rent. According to the complainant's story, the defendant, who resided formerly at Malvern, came to her house at Glen Iris, and asked permission to place cattle in her paddock for a fortnight, promising to pay £12. He made proposals to lease her farm, but on referring to her landlord's agents she was refused permission to sub-let. Defendant had meanwhile taken up his abode with her. When requested to leave he not only refused to do so, but broke into the house, assaulted thecomplainant, and turned her furniture out.

In cross-examination by Mr. Gillott for the defence, Mrs. M'Ewen swore that she did not put her mark to a document produced, which proported to be a receipt for a payment by M'Liver on account of improvements purchased from her, and which it was represented would alter the aspect of the case.The point-blank denial of the complainant resulted in the case being adjourned, in order to allow of a witness being brought who, it
was alleged, saw her make her mark upon it. (P.10,Argus,1-4-1885.)

IMPOUNDED at Williamstown, June 10th, 1886, by John M'Liver. Trespass, ld. each.N.B.John was not the poundkeeper. (P.3, Williamstown Chronicle,19-6-1886.)



Lime Land Leisure gives a few details of this pioneering Tootgarook family and unfortunately many are wrong. So rather than start at the very beginning of my findings, I will start at the end; a seventeen page Trueman genealogy supplied to me by Heather Spunner, the wife of James Trueman’s great grandson, Graeme Spunner. The whole of this will be provided to the Rye Historical Society but my summary will begin at page 3.
The family moved around but within the county of Wiltshire. Jeffrey was born in All Cannings in 1719 and died there in 1791, likewise for his son, Thomas, (1743-1810). His son, Thomas, was born at the same village in 1774 but married at Collingbourne Ducis in 1799 and died there in 1841. His son, William, (1800-1870) entered and left the world in this new village. It is of interest that his wife was Jane Bennett, whom he married in 1822. I wonder if Jane was the aunt of Tom Bennett, a peninsula pioneer, and if Tom arranged for James Trueman to come to Tootgarook as a labourer indentured to James Purves. There is little evidence that James would have been able to pay for his passage.
The family seems to have been locked into poverty. Jeffrey was buried by the parish because he had insufficient funds. The same generosity was required for the burial of his son, Thomas’s wife, Elizabeth. William Trueman, Jane and their six children were the recipients of charity from the parish of Collingbourne Ducis in 1837, when money was raised to buy coal for the poor of the parish.
Their first child was James Trueman, born 16-6-1822 in Chute, Wiltshire, which seems to have been Jane’s home village as she died there in 1865. Some of his sisters were Ann, Elizabeth, Ellen and Sarah; I have included them here because no death details have been supplied and one of them could have been the grandmother of the mysterious Mrs Libbis.
James was described as an agricultural labourer in the 1841 Census. He married Jane Cook (b.1827 in Collingbourne Kingston, Wilts.) on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, and in 1851 they were living in Maddington, Wilts. Their first child, Annie, died after living just one month, all 38 days in Collingbourne Ducis. George Trueman was born on 2-3-1852 in Maddington and Henry was born in the same place on 30-9-1855.
Thus when James and Jane boarded the Sabrina at Southampton on 24-1-1857, they had two boys with them, but unfortunately young Henry was destined never to see their new home. He died near the Cape of Good Hope on 10-3-1857. Their passage was swift and they arrived at Hobson’s Bay on 13-4-1857. George must have preferred the open road to farming; he was listed as a carter and James was not impressed with his work on the farm and overlooked him when dividing his grant. He died on 10-10-1932, apparently a bachelor. The other five children were:
SARAH b.1857 Pt Nepean, d.1936 Dromana. Married Charles Moat 1891.
ELLEN b. 1858 Tootgarook, d.1899 Parramatta. Married Henry John Cook.
THOMAS b.1863 Tootgarook, d.1925 Dromana. Married Matilda Elizabeth Geary 1899.
WILLIAM b.20-3-1866 Tootgarook, d.1949 in Wangaratta. Married Elsie George 1901.
JOHN b.1870 Tootgarook, d.1943 in Sorrento. Apparently a bachelor.

Thomas and Matilda had two daughters:
Gladys Emeline Nellie b. 1901, married Andrew Seator in 1932.
Bertha Matilda b. 1906 Pt Nepean, d.1985 Caulfield. Married Lester Brooksbank 1941.

William and Elsie had four children:
Albert Edward b.1902 Tootgarook, d. 1975 Tootgarook
Married Florence Annie Dark 1921.
William b.and d. at Tootgarook 1904.
Frederick James b. 16-1-1908 Pt Nepean, d. 3-11-1959 Sydney.
Married 1. Olive Runciman:child-Linda (McKay)
2. Zita Muriel Hunter at Auburn NSW in 1942.
Nellie May Trueman b. 4-7-1911, d. 27-4-1967 Melb.
Married Frank Ernest Spunner 18-7-1931 Sorrento.

James Trueman died in 16-4-1904 at Pt Nepean and was buried at Rye Cemetery. His wife, Jane died in 1908 at Pt Nepean. It is likely that the cash-strapped government had dispensed with the registrar at Rye so that deaths had to be notified at the quarantine station. As Thomas had the part of the Trueman property bought by Raymond Guest and Thomas died in 1925, I wonder which family member occupied the farm until c.1948. Was it Mrs Libbis?

James Trueman was granted lot 47 in the parish of Wannaeue (consisting of 112 acres) on 5-7-1877. It was on the west side of Truemans Rd, between farms granted to S.Stenniken, near the beach road, and Robert Rowley Snr. It is possible that James had selected the land at least a decade earlier. Linda McKay has confirmed that family folklore has it that James ran some sort of taproom or hotel on the Purves’ Tootgarook Station, which adjoined his farm at the midline of Morris and Keith Streets.
The following information was supplied by Linda McKay of Rosebud, who is a Trueman descendant, and lived on the property until 1938.
It is not known whether the Truemans had a lime kiln but it is likely that James was quarrying limestone on his property. He donated limestone for the building of the Anglican church in Rye (still standing in Lyons St opposite the cemetery, and heritage-listed.) According to LIME, LAND, LEISURE, their neighbours to the north, the Stennikens, did so too.
Some of James Trueman’s children were William T., Thomas, John, George, Ellen and Sarah. The Moat family obviously supplied details of Sarah’s marriage for Lime Land Leisure. (See MOAT-TRUEMAN in the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry.)
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. Details about Charles and their children, and possibly Sarah, can be found on pages 27, 35, 47, 52, 54, 55 and 61 of RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 by Patricia Appleford.

I believe that a female member of the Trueman family married and gave her daughter the Christian names: Stella Elizabeth Trueman, and that the latter married Ernest William Libbis.
ERNEST WILLIAM LIBBIS, late of Rosebud, guest house proprietor deceased-
After14 days Stella Elizabeth Trueman Libbis of Rosebud, widow, the executrix appointed by the deceased’s will (dated the 23rd July, 1945) will apply to the Supreme Court for grant of probate of the said will, leave being reserved to Ernest Charles Libbis of Rosebud, concreter, the executor appointed thereby, to come in and approve the same at any time. James P.Ogge LL.B Solicitor, 165 Greville St, Prahran.

Mrs S.Libbis was running the Narooma Guest House (Rosebud) in 1947-8 according to John Berry’s accommodation index. It is interesting that Narooma was the town in which Fred Trueman settled in N.S.W. His daughter, Pam Shepherd, is still in Fred’s house.
William T.Trueman married Elsie who died at the age of 54. The details of her death were reported in the Argus. On Monday, 18 February, 1935, Elsie was driving a jinker along Pt Nepean Rd when the horse bolted and she was thrown out of the jinker striking her head. It says much about the volume of traffic in those days that Emily was “found” unconscious. Once alerted, William and his son in law, Frank Spunner, rushed Emily to Melbourne but she had died and the hospital would not accept her body. Think of the sad return trip that William and Frank would have made! As there was no grave available, Elsie was buried at Rye Cemetery with Thomas Trueman who had died in 1925.
There is more interesting detail about Emily but first I will mention their children. Frank Spunner had married their daughter, Nellie. The Spunner family had started as limeburners with a kiln near the foreshore (front beach), just on the Melbourne side of Hughes Rd but some time after 1920 some members had occupied land south of Eastbourne, probably on land granted to Lovie and occupied for many decades by the Crichtons of Glen Lee. This was not far from the Trueman property, which would explain the family connection.
A son of William and Emily found a wife in much the same sort of way that his father had. His name was Fred and he was the father of my wonderful informant Linda McKay. The telephone line was being installed in about 1932 and a chap called Jim Black had come down from Melbourne for this reason, bringing his wife Silvia (Runciman). Fred befriended Jim and was rather taken by beautiful Silvia when he first saw her. He asked jokingly, “Any more like that where she comes from?” Jim probably answered that Silvia’s sister Olive was a bit of a sort too. Fred had probably been too busy growing vegetables (with pumpkins being his principal crop) to have time for womanizing so here was a heaven-sent opportunity.
Fred and Olive married but in 1938 they separated and Olive took Linda back to Melbourne to live with Grandma Runciman. Linda probably appreciated being able to walk without having to look down-for snakes. Their abundance was one of her main memories of the farm.
During the war, Fred was apparently involved in running the Corowa P.O.W. camp where the famous break-out occurred. Fred stayed in N.S.W. and a daughter from his second marriage, Pam Shepherd, lives in Fred’s old house in Narooma. Now back to how Linda’s grandfather, William, met Elsie. There is no timeline on the following yet, but for some reason William’s brother, Thomas, (I suspect, much older) was at Beechworth. Because of the lack of markets, farmers had to leave the farm to earn money and perhaps Thomas was working alongside Hans Christian Hanson (Red Hill pioneer of 1887) “ a bridge building contractor and carpenter, who worked on all the bridges between Melbourne and Bright”. (Memoirs of a Larrikin P.9.)
Now, if there had been TV and programs such as Farmer Meets a Wife (or what ever they call it), the Trueman men might have left more descendants and information, but I think you’ll agree that Linda is doing a pretty good job of having this pioneering family recognized. In Beechworth, Thomas met Matilda, and (after he waltzed her-sorry, my humour gets out of hand after 1am) they married. Having a daughter of about 19, Matilda was no spring chicken. Thus Thomas arrived back at the farm with a wife and a grown-up stepdaughter. William seized this heaven-sent opportunity and married Emily.
John Trueman had severe arthritis and according to LIME LAND LEISURE was practically bedridden. After knocking over a lamp, he was unable to escape the resulting fire and died from his burns.
Rate records.
1864,65. Nil. James was probably running the tap room at Tootgarook Station and managing it while the Purves attended to their other properties* and traveled to Melbourne with horses to sell at Kirk’s Bazaar and for other purposes, which Hollinshed dwells on.) *See Purves entry.

1879.James Trueman (leasing from Crown) 112 acres. The grant was issued on 18-7-1877! See what I mean about errors being perpetuated in rate books through copying the previous year’s entries?
1900. James Trueman 125 (sic) acres.
1910. Thomas Trueman Rye farmer, 62 ½ (sic) acres 31b (sic)
William Trueman, Rye farmer, 62 ½ (sic) acres 31b (sic)
1920. Thomas Trueman, Rye, 56 acres, part crown allotment 47
William Trueman, Rye, 56 acres, part crown allotment 47.
See what I mean about errors being perpetuated? They had it right by 1920.
Unfortunately the microfiched rate records end at 1920, but as has been shown, at least half of lot 47 was farmed until 1938. The Stenniken grant had been offered for subdivision in 1920. (See STENNIKEN entry.)

The following information about the Truemans comes from Nell Arnold’s “RYE: A BOOK OF MEMORIES.”
It is understood that the first inn in the Rye area was the Tootgarook Inn built by James Trueman and dating from the early 1850’s.
The first building on the site of St Andrew’s Anglican church was a limestone hall built in 1866 that served as a school and a place of worship (probably shared by different denominations like Dromana’s Union Church). By the time it became a State School, it was in need of serious repair and when part of a wall fell down, schooling continued in a room attached to John Campbell’s hotel. A new school on the present site commenced in 1875.
There is a claim in LIME LAND LEISURE that the Stennikens donated limestone for the Church of England. Yet Nell Arnold backs up Linda McKay’s claim that the Truemans donated it. Can both claims be correct? With the original building no longer needed as a school, it was demolished in 1875 and the limestone blocks (probably donated by Stennikens circa 1865) supplemented by limestone donated by James Trueman (circa 1875) were used to construct the original portion of the present church.
The two small brass vases (very heavy) are in memory of Elsie Trueman, relative (ie. daughter in law and grand daughter in law!) of James Trueman. As she was the wife of William, she was a daughter in law and because she was the daughter of Thomas’s wife she was a grand daughter!
W.Trueman was in Rye Cricket Club’s first published team list of season 1890-1.

We must thank Marie of Tootgarook for the following information, given to her by Raymond Guest, who was her hairdresser in Canterbury. Raymond’s father, was also a hairdresser and looked after many TV stars including Panda, Graham Kennedy’s famous barrel girl on In Melbourne Tonight. He bought part of the Trueman grant in about 1948, probably after the Libbis will of 1945 had been finalized, and it is likely that the will involved Thomas Trueman’s 56 acres. See the GUEST entry for further details. I have managed to contact Raymond Guest and he has sent me a subdivision plan of the ALMARAY ESTATE (named after his parents, Alma and Ray.) Ray alerted me to neighbouring land being owned by a Mr Doig and another speculative phone call resulted in contact with Ron Doig and his wife, both local history enthusiasts.

(The following comes from Ronald Doig, whose mother was a Rowley.)
In 1939 Henry Doig bought part of James Trueman’s grant, most likely William Trueman’s 56 acres, which had passed to Fred. When Fred and Olive separated, Fred had probably sold the property before going to New South Wales because Henry Doig bought his land from Mrs Murkett. See the DOIG entry for details.
Streets on the Trueman grant are named after the Guest and Doig families.

No members of the Trueman or Libbis families are listed in The Sands and McDougall directories of 1950 for Rosebud, Rosebud West or Rye. However the ACCOMMODATION entry near the beginning of this work shows that Mrs S.Libbis was running the Narooma Guest house in the summer of 1947-8.
It is now clear that James Trueman built his house close to the boundary between his farm and James Purves’ Tootgarook Station. One would expect that he would have built it near the government road (Truemans Rd); the fact that he built it at the back of the block indicates that HE WAS WORKING ON Purves’ Tootgarook PRE-EMPTIVE RIGHT. It was this house that Thomas later occupied, and his 56 acre farm was subdivided by Alma and Ray Guest as the Almaray Estate. The Trueman house pictured in Joseph Dubois’ historical newspaper belonged to William Trueman and his son Fred. Harry Doig’s family lived in this house and Ron Doig’s photo (taken during their time there) shows little change except for the addition of iron ornamentation on the veranda. The Doig farm was subdivided as the Oceanaires Estate.
Finally, Ron Doig has confirmed that James Trueman’s taproom on the Tootgarook Station was the building that became the Bright family’s home. The Brights had a portion of Tootgarook Station,450 acres of which was the Jennings’ Rye Park.
The following detail comes from “Lime Land Leisure”.
James Trueman married Jane somebody. They had sons named Tom, William, George and John. A daughter, Sarah, married Charles Moat. Their marriage was said to have been the second performed at St Andrews Church of England ie. in 1875. They had a son named William, who married (Ada Campbell. This is wrong; William Moat married Ada Elizabeth Myers!)
Thomas Trueman married Matilda in 1899. William married Matilda’s daughter, Elsie.Their daughter, Gladys, married a son of Edward Williams of Chinamans Creek (Eastbourne.) Another daughter was named Bertha. Wrong! Gladys and Bertha were daughters of Thomas Trueman and Gladys married Andrew Seator.
Although the mystery of the Trueman-Libbis connection is yet to be solved, some great genealogical detail has been supplied by Heather Spunner of Berrigan, N.S.W.
James Trueman married Jane Cook on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire. Their first child was born in September 1850 but died in October. George was born on 2-3-1852 and had much more luck, living for eighty years before dying in Prahran in 1932. Henry was born on 10-3-1855. James and Jane, with their two boys, left England aboard the “Sabrina” on 24-1-1857 and they had a quick voyage, arriving at Hobsons Bay on 13-4-1857. Unfortunately young Henry died at sea on 10-3-1857 near the Cape of Good Hope. Sarah was born at Pt Nepean in 1857 and Ellen at Tootgarook in 1858. (They were probably both born at Tootgarook; birth records refer to the place of registration and there was probably no registrar at Tootgarook until 1858.) Their other three children were Thomas, William and John.
Ellen married Henry John Cook and Heather Spunner succeeded in tracing some of their children despite them departing the scene. See her findings in the Libbis entry.
Although there may be no relationship to the Truemans at all, it is interesting that a Stella Gladys Myrtle Cook obtained a divorce from Bernard Charles Cook (Sydney Morning Herald 14-12-1927 page 12.) Her three given names are shared with Stella Libbis, a daughter of Thomas Trueman and Ellen Trueman’s first child (Myrtle Cook).

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago


Godfrey Burdett Wilson died in 1919 but his widow Maria (nee Stenniken) lived on in Burdett Cottage, Heales St (Dromana) until her death in 1927. Her home then became the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital, which was later transferred to the site now occupied by the Dromana Nursing Home.* (P.46 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Someone mentioned that a family member had been been in a private hospital in Heales St in the (late 1920's?) and this had almost certainly been Burdett Cottage.
(*The site referred to as the Dromana Nursing Home is on the inside angle of Pt Nepean Rd where it turns to become the beach road. Opposite the B.P. garage, it was the north west corner of Nelson Rudduck's Karadoc (crown allotment 8,section 1, Kangerong), of 103 acres, which extended east to Ponderosa Place/ Palmerston Ave and south for (960?) links to the Williams St, Seacombe St midline. It is now occupied by a child-minding centre and an apartment complex currently under construction.)
Three Acres of Land Given.
A proposal for the establishment of a bush nursing hospital at Dromana was investigated by the honorary secretary of the Bush Nursing Association (Sir James Barrett) on Saturday. It is proposed to rent a private hospital* until money has been obtained for a building on land in Point -Nepean Road, Dromana. Three acres of land, valued at about L1000 been given by Mr.N. Rudduck, of Dromana, for the purpose, and the district committee is seeking support from residents. The Dromana division of the Country Women's Association has promised to support the committee. (* i.e. Burdett cottage,as above.)
(P.18,Argus, 23-12- 1929.)

N.B. Despite Mr Bean's appearance in the area in the 1920's, his family appears to have been associated with the area as early as 1865 when the name appeared in George McLear's account books.
DROMANA'S MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.) Herbert sold land to Mrs Guilfoyle and their dispute is reported on page 11 of the Argus of 21-7-1926. Herbert was a merchant of Flinders Lane. It would appear that the Lochley Chase Guest House would have occupied only a small portion of Bean's original property.
Now we will look at an article on page 13 in The Argus of 27-11-1928, about nine years after the last assessment available on microfiche.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.
Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.

TAYLOR. On the 21st April, at Safety Beach, Dromana, Victoria, Rev. William H. Taylor, dearly loved husband of Esther, and loving father of Rev. F. W. Taylor (Numurkah),Will H. Taylor (450 Little Collins-street, Melbourne), Win (Mrs. W. G.Roberts, Main Ridge), Rene (Mrs.A. McCutcheon, Cavendish), and Doris (deceased). At rest.(P.1, Examiner, Launceston,3-5-1935.)
Now I'm wondering why this notice was in a Tassie newspaper and how Win Taylor came to meet W.G.Roberts of Main Ridge.

Reverend Taylor (see previous comment) had probably been at Safety Beach for at least seven years and was involved with the Mornington Peninsula Development League, apparently handling the sale of badges to raise funds for improvements on Arthurs Seat.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 16 November 1928 p 2 Article.
Rev. Taylor said how favorably impressed Mr. Clapp was with Marine Drive when he visited Mornington recently. Mr. Clapp was most anxious to see the road trafficable: Rev. Taylor said the best thanks of the league were due to Mr. Jackson for his efforts in having Marine Drive attended to in Flinders shire portion.
I was thinking Rev. Taylor might have been the Presbyterian minister at Dromana in the 1890's until I found this.
Spectator and Methodist Chronicle (Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Wednesday 18 April 1917 p 439 Article
News of the Churches.
Mr Roberts was appointed the Sunday School visitor. Rev. W. H. Taylor reported that he had visited most of the Sunday Schools in the interest of the Young Australia Temperance League, and that nearly all the scholars had signed the pledge. The resignation of Mr.Trewin, the Junior Circuit Steward, on account of ill health, was accepted, and Mr. Counter was appointed in his place.
IT'S A SMALL WORLD! You can say that again! Okay, IT'S A SMALL WORLD!
This has nothing to do with Red Hill but after all the Red Hill Lions Club does publish HILL 'N' RIDGE and the Roberts family pioneered Main Ridge decades before it had that name.
I wouldn't mind betting that the Rev.W.H.Taylor was living in the house on the north west corner of Seaview and Victoria St, Safety Beach at the time of his death in 1935. This house was the homestead of Mr Bean,one time president of the R.A.C.V., who organised the R.A.C.V.speed trials at Safety Beach, and was probably introduced to Spencer Jackson by Rev.W.H.Taylor himself. (See my journals about SAFETY BEACH and SPENCER JACKSON AND THE BUS BAN for sources.)

TAYLOR-BEAN-On the 2nd April, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents "Sutton" Haines street, North Melbourne, by the Rev J W Crisp, assisted by the Rev.W.H. Taylor, brother of the bridegroom Frank E Taylor, youngest son of Mr and Mrs.J.E. Taylor,North Melbourne to Louisa, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs J.Bean. (Present Address, 20 Grace St, Moonee Ponds.)
(Family Notices,The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 2 April 1935 p 1.)

Hill Climb at Dromana.
In view of the hill climb to be held today at Arthur's Seat. Dromana, the Royal
Automobile Club of Victoria, in conjunction with the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital executive, direct attention of visitors to the fact that from mid-day onwards, the climb itself will be closed to the ordinary public.The best approach from Melbourne is that by way of Moat's Corner and Red Hill.
Ample provision has been made for the parking of cars at the top, near the finishing point. Similar provision has been made at the starting point. The first event is timed to start at 1 p.m., and it is predicted that about 60 cars will be taking part. Admission lo the enclosure will be by button or badge. These will be sold by
members of thee Dromana Bush-Nursing Hospital committee, the whole of the proceeds of the event being devoted to that institution. (P.12, The Age, 14-1-1933.)

Dromana. Sunday. - The Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital was officially opened on Saturday afternoon bv Mrs J. S.Fraser vice president of the Victorian Bush Nursing Association in the presence of a large assemblage from all parts of the Mornington Peninsula. The hospital will be available to residents in the shire of Flinders.
It is built on three acres of land which was given by Mr Nelson Rudduck of Dromana and it is constructed of concrete and brick. Mr. K. F.Elliott architect supervised the work which was carried out bv Messrs Hunt and Roberts, contractors, of Red Hill. The hospital has accommodation for nine inpatients. The building cost £1300 of which £700 was raised in the district and £600 was advanced bv the Victorian Bush Nursing Association for 15 years at interest of 1 per cent.

The furniture and fittings were bought bv the Dromana women's auxiliary of which Mrs.B.Wilson is president and Mrs.V.Allen honorary secretary. The sitting room was furnished by Mr Nelson Rudduck in memory of his wife.
Memorial gates are being erected by the people of Dromana and district in memory of the first president of the hospital, the late Mr. A. V. Shaw. Councillor G. Higgins (Higgens), president of the hospital, expressed the gratitude of the committee to the association for its assistance. The honorary secretary of the association (Sir James Barrett) said that there were 31 bush nursing hospitals in Victoria, and the number would be increased to 34 this year. A new hospital would be opened at Rushworth on April 2, and one at Lilydale at the end of April.(P.6, Argus, 20-3-1933.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 7 July 1937 p 7 Article Illustrated (PHOTO.)
Notification has been received by Cr. E. Rudduck that the Charities Board has decided to take over the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital and make it a Community Hospital. The Council discussed the matter at the last meeting and decided to call a big public meeting of the residents of the Shire. The decision of the Board to make Dromana Hospital a Community one is a sound one. The need for a central hospital to the municipality is vital, and Dromana is the locality for the hospital. With a first class ambulance now available, sick and injured people can be rushed from all parts of the Peninsula to the. hospital. The Flinders' Shire are to be commended on their enterprise, in procuring the ambulance, which will fill a long felt want in the municipality.
(P.6, Standard, Frankston, 10-10-1946.)


Georgiana McCrae had been told by 1851 by Charles Latrobe that a township was planned for the coastal strip on the west of Arthurs Seat. Fear that the homestead area of the Arthur's Seat would be swallowed by this township was a factor in Andrew McCrae deciding to relinquish the Run, which was taken up by the Burrells.
The very fact that a township was planned is an indication that the timber on Arthurs Seat was already being exploited. It would be a miracle if there were any details in The Argus about the early timber-getters so the assertion that many of them were Irish will have to be accepted for now. Drom is the Gaelic word for hill or ridge (Droim (ridge, hillock) Drum-, Drim-, Drom- Drumcree, Drumanoo, Drumcondra).
The connection between our Dromana and the one in Ireland was illustrated by Cr Pittock's recent visit to the latter. See the following:
Off to Dromana House in Ireland, to be sure | MPNEWS…/.../off-to-dromana-house-in-ireland-to-be-…/

For decades after Dromana was officially named, the location of properties in a huge area near Arthurs Seat was specified as (Rosebud,Main Creek etc) NEAR DROMANA. In 1855, Alexander Cains and R.AMOS (not Airley) bought Menstrie Mains on the north west corner of Boneo and Browns Rd and G.Warren obtained the grant for c/a 18 bounded by today's beach road, Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd. Dromana had obviously not been named, Arthurs Seat being used to indicate location.
At Arthur's Seat, eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay.
13 143a 2r l6p, per 3, A Cairns and R Airey, 20 s. (per acre)
28 152a 2r 16p, G. W. Warren, 21s (per acre.)

It was at about this time that a gold-mining area was officially named Sandhurst, provoking much opposition (for which I have no time to find examples), the miners preferring the commonly used name of Bendigo. The following explanation involving two pioneering families on the peninsula. The name GRICE was associated with Sunnyside etc. near Mornington and William MYERS,a descendant of a squatter near Bendigo bought the Journeaux estate in Balnarring; hence the name of Myers Rd between Junction Rd and the Bittern railway station.)

The origin of the name "Bendigo" has, time after time, led to much controversy. Now, the origin of the name is thus accounted for. A few old residents are yet in existence who will remember that Messrs.Heap and Grice occupied as a station run the country now forming the Sandhurst district. On this question, says the INDEPENDENT, we have been shown an extract from a letter received by Dr. Pounds from Mr. Grice which should put the matter at rest for ever. Mr. Grice writes:—"Tell your friends who want to know the origin of Bendigo, that it was named by Tom Myers, Heap and Grice's overseer, in 1841. Tom himself was a bit of a dab with his fists, and a great admirer of the boxer Bendigo: hence the name." From "Tom Myers" those well-known localities Myers' Flat and Myers' Creek take their names.
(P.17, Australian Town and Country Journal, 21-9-1878.)

Perhaps this opposition led to the realisation by the government that Aussies no longer wanted the names they had bestowed on areas changed to honour big nobs. Not much later, Dromana had an official name!
At Arthur's Seat, on the eastern shore of Port Phillip Bay, county of Mornington, parish of Kangerong. (Grantees listed.)
P.6, Argus, 19-8-1856.)

There is no reason to doubt Charles Gavan Duffy's claim to have christened the Sorrento area. You can bet your bottom dollar that if there was another explanation for the origin of the name, PUNCH would have delivered the KNOCKOUT PUNCH. There were many papers which lampooned Duffy and if Punch or these other papers had any evidence to counter his claim, they would have rejoiced in doing so. Another grantee before the village of Sorrento existed, indeed the reason for its birth, William Allison Blair, would have taken any opportunity to bring his foe down a peg or two if Duffy's claim was not true.

Sorrento's Papa.
MR.PUNCH.—DEAR SIR.—You are sometimes hard upon me, but I know you will do me justice.I am the paternal parent of Sorrento, and I christened it into the bargain.Coppin is an innovation, quite a recent importation. I invented Sorrento, and made a pretty penny by it; and didn't Kerferd, Anderson, Casey, and a lot more go into the spec. and profit by it?
Yours, C.G.D. (P.7, Melbourne Punch, 25-1-1877.)
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1924) Thursday 31 December 1874 p 3 Article
Some years ago Mr (now Sir Charles) Duffy paid a visit to Dr Callan, his brother-in-law, medical officer of the sanitary station, and was much struck with the beauty of this locality. He conceived it would become a favourite watering place for Melbourne residents, and selected a large area of land which he christened Sorrento, probably being struck with its natural features, much resembling Italian scenery.

Unfortunately, most of Duffy's grants near Sorrento do not bear the date on which each was issued. Some that do were purchased after the village was declared but crown allotment 60, Nepean, of 28 acres, on the north east corner of Hughes and Melbourne Rds (occupied today by Hester, Kay and Rowland Sts and most of Derrick St) was granted on 23-10-1868, proof that Duffy was there prior to the village.

In looking for the first mention of the village of Sorrento, I discovered a perfect example of the constant lampooning of Charle Gavan Duffy.
The Village of Sorrento.—Mr. Charles Gavan Duffy, has his eye on the sweet little village of Sorrento, which for the information of the ignorant we may state is not a thousand miles by water from Queenscliffe nor is it a hundred by land from the sanitary station, at Point Nepean. Mr. Duffy is solicitous about the Somersetshire passengers.Unfortunate ladies and gentleman, they have been vaccinated and fumigated and what not; and-now they are cut off from all communication with the civilised world. Would it not be well,.asks Mr. Duffy, to connect them by telegraph. The electric flash can't possibly infect Melbourne, and then there's Sorrento.
—shrewd Mr, Duffy! (P.3, Bendigo Advertiser, 5-6-1871.)

Strangely the subdivision sale of Williamson's Paddock in Toorak confirms the Italian origin of Sorrento's name.
Note.-The most splendid views are really to be obtained from this property. Away to the westward, over the bay and Williamstown, the You Yangs and the Anakies rise like the outline of the Forshireth, near Suez, sweeping a course N.B. and S., round to the Heads again, and carrying with them the heights of Mounts Martha, Eliza, Dromana, and Arthur's Seat, and passing the now " new Italiano" of Victoria, known as tho pretty village of Sorrento. (P.2, Argus, 29-1-1872.)
And this is the first instance I have found of the official use of Sorrento as a place name in Victoria. Any earlier reference to village of Sorrento concerns the place in Italy.

A SALE of CROWN LANDS, by public auction, will be held at 2 o'clock of Friday, 7th January, 1870, at the Government auctioneers rooms, Melbourne. The following lots will be offered :
Sorrento, county of Mornington, parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, at Sorrento Point. Upset price,£8 per acre. Allotments 1, 2,3 and 4, 5 and 0,7 and .8, 0 and 10,11, sec, 1 ; 1 and 2, 8, 4,5 and 0, 7 and 8,
0,10,11 and 12, seo. 2, 2r. 10 0 10p. to la. 26p.
County of Mornington, parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, adjoining the village of Sorrento. Upset prices £2 10s to £3 per acre. Allotments 1 to 16 la. Sr/ Jfp. to Sa 3r. 27p. (P.7, Argus, 20-12-1869.)

Sidney Smith Crispo should not have listened to the Italian. This was on the end of his letter about the creation of the village of Sorrento. I spent a week trying to find any connection between DROMANA and Italy or Crispi/Crispo.
Dromana was named after a town in Italy, where Signor Crispi has a large house, I used to think it an aboriginal name till an Italian put me right.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 1-6-1899.)