itellya on Family Tree Circles

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Entering the Rosebud West Bowling Club for a Rosebud Rockers dance, I saw an article pinned on the notice board with a picture of a footballer. My wife bought me a jumper years ago; it had "Football is Life" in large letters on it, which showed (a) that my wife understood me and (b)why I just had to look at the article. It was about Ron Porta, who had brought back Somerville Football Club's glory days and had recently died. The bulb lit up. I had seen that surname on my Moorooduc parish map. Ron's wife and brother had never heard of lot 63 Moorooduc but trove proved that Joseph Porta, Ron's ancestor, had been near Somerville a century before Ron coached the side.

I have mentioned the lady surveyor in reference to Bernard Eaton in the RED HILL PIONEER journal. The information on that history board became etched in my memory bank because I knew well the difficulty of just walking in the mountainous terrain near Blackwood. I imagined the difficulty of carrying out a meticulous task like ensuring that levels were spot on so that water would flow for miles, with only gravity to propel it, along races such as the one that the Byers Back Track follows to O'Brien's Crossing. I imagined her tripping over fallen branches and bracken fern, exposed tree roots and protruding reef rock (unseen because of her ankle length dress), which would have been fatal if it happened where the race went around a huge granite boulder about an arm's length from a plunge of a hundred metres into the Lerderderg Gorge. How the author of "Those Courageous Hardy Women" would have loved a story like that to demonstrate how courageous and hardy the female pioneers were near Sorrento. At Greendale, between the Western Highway and Blackwood, there is a Shuter St. I wonder how many Greendale residents know how the street got its name. What a coincidence that there is a street with the same name just south of Puckle St in Moonee Ponds! "Oh really!" as Sam Newman would say. Read about Charles Shuter in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present" (1888.)

The last item was the result of coincidence, just sheer good luck. I usually listen to another station, but on another radio, tuned to 3RPP, the local peninsula station, I heard some good music so as I started the computer, I switched the set nearby to RPP. The next stroke of luck was that I needed to free up some disk space and while that was happening, the next program "Beyond Infinity" commenced. The first discussion in this science program was about a comet that a Professor from Newcastle said crashed into the sea near New Zealand.It caused a giant tidal wave that formed chevrons (spearhead shaped sand dunes)all around the south east coast, 90 metres above sea level and well inland. The theory that aborigines made middens on clifftops was debunked as the same shells were found in cliff faces and buried in concrete-like chevrons. Why was this of more than scientific interest to me? It was only last night while trying to confirm or disprove a theory (that the Davey pioneers of Frankston and near Red Hill were related)that I came across the curious tale of James Davey, son of Mr J.Davey of Balnarring, finding a large lump of coal covered with coral near a creek near "Warrawee" about a mile from the coast. There was great curiosity about how it came to be there. My thought at the time of reading this article was that somebody had found it on the beach but discarded it when his friends displayed a "So? Whatever!" attitude to his unusual find. (See Mornington Standard, 15-10-1896 page 2, 2nd last column.)
Now I think we have an explanation of how the coral-covered coal came to be a mile inland!

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago


N.B. All grantees will be mentioned in the RED HILL PIONEERS journal with quite extensive detail from various sources, even about those of whom I know nothing at the moment. Additions are being made to the pioneers journal all the time so stay tuned in.

Aitken, Allan, Attenborough, Bayne, Buchanan, Bullock, Byrne, Davey, Downward, Duff, Fooks, Gibson, Gray, T.Hamilton, Head, Hindmarsh, Holding,William Hopcraft, Journeaux, McConnell, McKeown, Oswin, Palmer, Pitcher, Roy, Sherwood, Simpson, Smith, J.R.Thompson, Tonkin, Wighton, George Wilson.



Information about the farms of the above appears in the RED HILL GRANTEES journal and details about later owners of properties, relationships, activities, street names and so on will be included in the RED HILL PIONEERS JOURNAL.


See comment 2 under GRANTEES NEAR RED HILL.

There were many meetings of Railway Leagues to discuss ways of persuading the Government to come to the party.
Trove is a digitised record produced by the National Library of Australia and I bless the family historian who alerted me to it while we were discussing local history in the local history room at Rosebud Library.I have mainly used the digitised newspapers, a goldmine of local history and genealogical information.

If you have never used trove, you could discover the importance of railways to the peninsula by reading the article about the re-formation of the railway league at Red Hill. On a miserable night almost 50 people ventured out to a meeting in the barn at H.P.Davey's "Forest Lodge" at Red Hill.
The meeting is reported on page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 29-6-1899.

If you get onto trove and enter "Red Hill, railway", you'll get 557 600 or so entries, which might take a few years to wade through. I added 1899. I was asked "Did you mean Red Hill, railway with an issue date of 1899?" As soon as I clicked the question, the first two entries were spot on. The first was about a meeting a week earlier, which described the state of the roads, and the second was the Forest Lodge meeting.

Trove is a great way to find things you aren't looking for. While I was investigating DAVEY re Red Hill Pioneers, I discovered that Dr Hearn of Heronswood owned the 1009 acres south of Sandy Rd and west of Truemans Rd.

4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago


The map, which I'll enlarge when my computer genius sons next visit, covers the area shown on Melway maps 159-161,171 and 190-1. (Incidentally, while working this out, I discovered Tar Barrel Corner, Melway 191 F4, about which janilye's question prompted my Red Hill journal.) I used a tourist map as my base; it showed only main roads so I had to estimate the course of creeks and roads such as McIlroys, Callanans, Whites etc which form (as closely as terrain permits) crown allotment boundaries. The courses of roads on the base map are not very accurate so some allotments are not the right shape on my map.
As stated in the Red Hill Pioneers journal, the area now in Red Hill and Red Hill South is located in three parishes, Kangerong, Balnarring and a small part of Wannaeue which was called Red Hill and Main Creek. The boundaries of these parishes, indicated by K, B AND W, are shown with double lines.I will list the grantees, starting at the top left corner of the appropriate part of each parish and reading left to right. The grantee's name is followed by a number which is rounded off to the nearest acre and a date if it is on the parish map.

BALNARRING. See Tubbarubba journal for updates re Alf Downward's grants.
All the land, almost 1000 acres, bounded by Bulldog Creek, Foxeys, Tubbarubba, and Myers Rds was granted to Alfred Downward, possibly in about 1905 when he bought another block inside the curve of Myers Rd just to the south. Alf was a popular member of parliament being often called upon to achieve aims such as improvements to the stockyards at Moorooduc Station. Rye often enlisted his support but Downward and Albress were obviously two words the pupils did not learn to spell, being rendered as Downard and Albas.The area that Alf bought north of Myers Rd had formerly been part of the Tubbarubba diggings which had been reserved from alienation at the request of locals.
The diggings provided a livelihood for many in the late 1880's when Bernard Eaton, brother of the late Watson and probably father of Maude, started operations and during the 1890's depression when the Moat boys found evidence that could not be produced at the 1874 "Schnapper Point" Murder trial, so named because the trial was held at Mornington although the murder occurred at the diggings.
Alf, who had earlier lived in Tasmania,according to Joan Downward, first bought land on the western side of Wilson Rd in Mornington. He acquired it in 10 acre lots, the grantee PRICKMAN ( a hard name to forget) or a later owner having subdivided it. Alf called his property Redwood because of the redwood gums (the correct name)that grew there. Balcombe of The Briars owned the land between Redwood and Strachans Rd and he or a later owner called it Redgum Flat! The redgums are a botanical curiosity because until the homestead 10 acres was put up for sale by Alf's elderly daughters (Miss Downward and Mrs Pitt after whom streets were named)and locals requested protection for the trees, botanists had not known of any redgums growing south of Frankston.
Alf Downward's election to parliament was disputed and among the witnesses who testified at the inquiry was Thomas Gomm of Dromana who drowned a few years later in 1898. He was the son of Convict Henry Gomm and the brother of Rosebud's Harry ("of whom little is known" according to LIME LAND LEISURE) and William of Hastings, none of them related to Somerville's Henry Gomm, although they had him surrounded.
South of Myers Rd.
80B, A.Downward, 44, 1905. 80A, J.Oswin, 83, 4-7-1888. 15. J.Journeaux, 308, 2-11-1882. 14A, J.Davey, 122, 20-1-74. 14BC.Fooks, 122, 21-7-74. 79A, J.Davey 129, possibly 1874. 79B, G.Sherwood, 129, 29-11-72. 55,J.Oswin 2x140, A.4-8-74, B.25-8-72. 78A, W.Gibson, 190, 22-7-74. 78B,J.B.Journeaux, 95, 22-6-77. 78B2 and 54A, J.Smith, 255, 4-5-85. 54B, A.Duff, 169, 12-11-73.
To Mornington-Flinders Rd/Arthurs Seat Rd corner.
72A, R.H.Holding, 140, 20-2065. 72B, J.Pitcher, 140, 8-7-68. 73 AB, 215, no date. 74, Red Hill Village-see Pioneers journal. 77,88, W.Aitken, 305, 10-4-81. 81,82A, J.R.Thompson, no acreage, 18-2-74. 82B, 83A1, B.Tonkin, 275, 27-7-75. 82B1, J.Hindmarsh, 61, 14-3-71. 82BB1, 64, 27-7-75. T.Attenborough, mentioned in the Pioneers journal had lots 53 and 52 which both extended from the line of Tonkins Rd to Merricks Rd, a total of 544 acres, 16-12-71.
Back to Mornington-Flinders Rd.(5th time lucky!)
71A, A.Head, 83, 26-5-84. 71B, A.Head, 117, 5-6-74.
75A, J.McConnell, 182, no date. 75B, J.McConnell, 122, 2-6-71.
89A, J.Simpson, 142, 8-3-84. 89B, W.Bayne, 142, 8-9-80.
87-85, J.Buchanan, 1040, first part in 1872. The Wightons, mentioned in the Pioneers journal, then had 710 acres whose north east corner was the Thompsons/Meyrick Rd corner. J.Palmer had lot 51 of 281 acres, fronting Merricks Rd, between the Wightons and Attenborough (no date.)
Back to Mornington-Flinders Rd.
&0 AB, W.Hopcraft 178. 69A, M.Byrne 93. 69B, F.Bullock, 97, 6-10-75. 60AB, A.Allan, 117. 67AB, E.Gray, 107. 66A, George Wilson, 40, 24-2-82. Quarry 2 ac. Military purposes, gazetted 1889, 20 ac. 66B and 65, Helen Bayne (spinster!) 140 , lot 65 14-3-81. 90, 91, J&J Bayne, 322, 4-7-79. 92, J.Buchanan, 107. 93-6, William Roy, 514, 9-1-79, 64A, J.Bayne, 70, 16-3-81. 97,98 J.R.Thompson,251, 24-8-69.
Much land near the coast was granted to Alex Wighton, J.Palmer and Thomas Hamilton.

KANGERONG.(EAST OF WHITE HILLS RD TO BOUNDARY RD.)Dates generally not clear but those that are will be given in the Pioneers journal.
As well as enlarging my map, I will also have to correct it. George Peatey's grants are shown as being at the east corner of White Hill Rd, but they were actually at the east corner of Harrisons Rd. The land between White Hills and Harrisons Rds (north of the recreation reserve, the old racecourse) was granted to William Moat. Moats Corner (Melway 160 H5)is a very historic location name. Incidentally, the name is pronounced as Mowatt.
27a, 27c,George Peatey, 101. 27?,Alf Harrison, 63. 26a,James Clydesdale, 43?, 26b and 25a, W.J.McIlroy 350.
25b, L.N.Matheson, 119.
Not shown on map; between Dunns Ck and Myers-JunctionRds: 24, C.Downward, 116? 24b, Andrew Fritsch,103.
27? and 20c, Thomas Appleyard,429. 20b, S.L.Loxton, 106. 20a, W.Kemp, 100. The parish map is so hard to read that I accidentally called the allotments east of Loxton and Kemp 26 on the map; it should be 21.
21a, C.Counsel, 121. 21b, Robert Coxon Young (he of the 5 roomed house)121. ??a,b, J.Davey, 156. William McIlroy, 150.
Eaton's Cutting Rd, the somewhat scary link with Dromana takes its name from Watson Eaton, the area's amateur doctor, who settled on 150 acres west of the Red Hill end of the road before his death in 1877, resulting from a fall while riding to attend to a patient. This land was granted to his executor, Rebecca Griffith who was not his sister, as I had earlier supposed. Its northerly and westerly extent is shown by the Dromana boundary, the bend being its north western corner.
Between Eaton's Cutting Rd and White Hill/Sheehans Rd: 9, Charles Golding(cordial manufacturer)263, 18-4-1890,
10A George Sherwood,172? ac, 10-2-1856?, 10 B, Robert Caldwell, 172 ac., 10-1-1868?

18A (S.E. cnr White Hills and McIlroys Rd),(shown as H) Henry Dunn, 50, "Four Winds". 18c (shown as C), S.P.Calder (son of the C.R.B. chairman and Red Hill Show Committee President if I remember my trove correctly), 22?, R.Ringrose (south of Calder and Dunn, 59ac F.E. (Frances?) Windsor 17 a,b,154 ac (plus 23 ac at the north end of 13 straddling the creek), 16A, T.Milner88 ac., 11-12-1862, 16B W.McIlroy 88 ac, 15B, J.Holmes & Co.105 ac., 1872? 15A, J.Holmes, 105 ac., 8-7-1887?
CLOCKWISE BACK TO SHEEHANS RD.14B, W.McIlroy, 103 ac., 1864, 14 A, ditto, 103 ac, 1890?, 13 AB, Margaret Davies, 130 ac., 1877?, 12ab, J.Arkwell, 2x 71 1/2 ac., 1862 and 1870?, 11AB, J.Wiseman, 43 and 93 ac?

William Calder owned Four Winds, which was sold in 1929 following his death. Ringrose was an early pioneer and seems to have arrived 1864-5.

29, Ben Hards, 371 acres, probably 1860's, 28A, James Davey Jr, 159 ac, 5-9-1878 (see DAVEY journal), 28B John Griffith,136 ac., 4-5?-1885, 27A, Robert James,160 ac., 6-4-1897?, 27B1, John Hopcraft, 86 ac, 1-2-94 (see below). Land further south was generally considered to be Main Ridge and was mainly granted to the Shand and Brady families, the latter's homestead being called Mt Evergreen. The Shand steam saw mill provided packing cases and probably employment to the hill men.
Between Main Creek and Purves Rds, early grantees included Professor Hearn of Heronswood and lime merchant, W.A.Blair, but William Hillis (see Davey journal) was part of the fabric of Red Hill.On the other side of Purves Rd, the descendants of [b}Peter Purves, the unsung pioneer of the Tootgarook Run had Green Hills, and several other properties of which they were grantees.
William Hopcraft lived across Mornington Flinders Rd from John Hopcraft. In about 1878, Robert Adams was farming, on license from the Crown, in the angle of this road and Tucks Rd and one of the Sawyers of Moorooduc/Bittern parishes was just south of John Hopcraft. Little surprise that the Hopcrafts were related by marriage to the Sawyers and Adams families! If you wanted the death notice for the mother of the Sawyer children fathered by Isaac Sawyer, it would be useless entering Sawyer on trove. Try Renouf and discover the link with the Prosser and Griffith families!

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago


All details about the grantees and early occupants of land, such as Kensington Park, will be found in my Kensington Pioneers journal. The main reason for this journal is to attach a map showing the crown allotments. the grantees, the location of Peter McCracken's dairy etc. I could not attach two maps on the same journal.

My original map was hand drawn with biro (with countless hours spent trying to scale down a Lands Department map on an A3 sheet so it would fit onto an A4 page.) The reproduction was shocking being very faint etc. Neil Mansfield, who wrote the fantastic 600+ page "The David Mansfield Story", has volunteered to improve my graphics. He has been working on this map for days! Unfortunately I had not picked up the fact that some initials could have stood for more than one grantee; Neil of the sharp eye did though. I am awaiting a response from the Kensington Association History Group, with which I was last in contact in about 1999, to clear up this ambiguity.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago

PIONEERS OF RED HILL, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA and part Hastings Heritage Study in Janilye's comment.

I'm happy that Jan asked me about Tar Barrel Corner because if she hadn't I might have forgotten that I had ever started writing PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY, which I haven't even touched since I wrote up the information given to me by Keith Holmes about a year ago. I was in top gear about Red Hill until, sick of note-making, I read a local history book for pleasure. Little did I know that Leila Shaw's book would lead to THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM, JOSEPH PORTA:BELLOWS MAN., TUERONG, THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE, heritage evaluations regarding the Jones properties at Moorooduc and many houses in Rosebud (Ferrier, Boyd, Durham, Potton, Hindhope Villa etc), as well as my Family Tree Circle journals.
Before I was side tracked by "The Way We Were", I was intending to read Sheila Skidmore's history of Red Hill because I like to read every available history about a place to make sure that I'm not repeating information that is already available and accessible.
My information comes mainly from parish maps, rate books, "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and Keith Holmes.

Red Hill is in three different parishes: Kangerong (north of the west-east section of Arthurs Seat Rd); Wannaeue (west of Mornington-Flinders Rd to Main Creek Rd.) and Balnarring (bounded by Bulldog Ck Rd-Myers-Junction-Red Hill Rds and Balnarring Rd, with a western extension between Shoreham and Mornington Flinders Rd.)As in the case of Moorooduc, one must define what is meant by the term. The Wannaeue part of today's Red Hill (as marked in Melway) was commonly referred to as Main Creek, and parts now called Arthurs Seat and Dromana were regarded as being part of Red Hill.
Surveyors preferred to draw straight lines for roads, allotment boundaries and so on, regardless of the terrain. The best example of this was Burrell Rd, the west boundary of Dromana Township. You won't find it in Melway 159 C8 because it was supposed to be Latrobe Pde going straight down the cliff to the beach! Because of terrain,the course of many parts of roads has been changed from the original route. Station Rd was part of Red Hill Rd, Mechanics' Rd was part of Arthurs Seat Rd and Sheehans Rd was the original part of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was built. (The last example explained to me by Thelma Littlejohn.)
Everyone knows about Trevor Chappell creating Kiwi hatred of Aussies by bowling the last ball of a one-day match underarm to make a Kiwi victory impossible. Many people would also know that Sam Loxton told the skipper, Greg Chappell, that he won the match but won no friends (or words to that effect) before storming out of the M.C.G.
Okay Mr Smartie pants itellya, what's that got to do with Red Hill?

LOXTON (Edited extract from present pages 100-101 of "Peninsula Dictionary History".)
Sam Loxton (who recently died on 3-12-2011) was interviewed for an article about the famous underarm bowl incident on the last ball of a one-day international against New Zealand in 1981 (Sunday Herald Sun 30-1-2011.) Sam hadn't known how to respond to Greg Chappell's instruction to his brother, Trevor, to bowl such a (literally) low ball so he took Billy Sneddon's advice (as described above.) The article went on to say that, after delivering this spray to Greg, Sam left the ground and drove back to Red Hill where he lived.

S.L.Loxton became the owner of crown allotment 20B, no section, parish of Kangerong on 16-11-1939. Consisting of just over 106 acres, this block (indicated by Melway 161 B-C 10) was accessed via Bowrings Rd off McIlroy's Rd. S.L.Loxton, who was almost certainly Sam's father and known to Thelma Littlejohn's family as Sam, was a member of the committee of the Prahran Cricket Club from 1941 until his death in 1974. Sam Senior was an electrician but in 1956 he became the FIRST PRINCIPAL of the Melbourne Royal Arch. I presume that that would make him a Grand Master of a lodge, and this introduces another cricketing connection, as the first to occupy this position (in 1884) was the venerated Sir William John Clarke at whose "Rupertswood" at Sunbury the "Ashes" were created. There is also a Red Hill connection in that Sir William owned the Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) where many pioneers near Red Hill had made their start in the area (Henry Dunn, 1846-51, followed by the McLears, Watsons, Eatons, Clydesdales and so on.)

I will not provide details of Sam's sporting exploits here because they are available on wikipedia.

The following pioneers were described as being at Red Hill in the 1864 assessments for Kangerong. I have only mentioned the house of R.C.Young because it was bigger than the usual hut or 2 roomed house that most pioneers dwelt in.
Thomas McRavey 60 acres with 32 cultivated, Francis Windsor (obviously a widow or spinster) 153 acres 3 cultivated, James Wiseman shop (blacksmith's forge?) 106 acres 1 cult., Robert Coxon Young 5 room house 121 acres 7 cult., Charles Brown 20 acres, William (Dory?) (154?) acres, Holmes 140 acres. John Arkwell 144 acres seems to have been first assessed on 2-9-1865 and the mysterious Holmes (Holmes and Co. on the parish map) was shown to be John Holmes who was a joint occupier of 140 acres with Laurence Weadson in the assessment of 7-9-1867. The assessment of 5-9-1868 revealed that Charles Brown had become insolvent.

Flinders Road Board ratepayers in the Balnarring (division/parish) before the merger with Kangerong were as follow in 1869. Many, such as Henry Tuck, Smith Ellis and William Bayne, were near Westernport rather than Red Hill but were well known to Hillmen such as Hec.Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.) My use of the footy team's nickname reminds me that William Hillas was consistently referred to by Colin McLear as Hill Hillas; I presume that Hill was his nickname.
James Byrne 134 acres, Martin Byrne 129, Thomas Bullock 59, Hamilton Allen 115, George Wilson 32, Edward Grey 53, William Bayne 2256 (most apparently leased by James R. Thompson), William Hopcraft 89, Alfred Head 130, James Pitcher 140, Hill Hillas 50, Robert Wighton 243, Alex Wighton 319, James McConnell 135, John Baldry 145, James Davey 249, Smith Ellis 183, Henry Tuck (Mantons Creek) 970, Michael Byrne 151, Charles Graves (probably near Shoreham) 382, John Richard and John senior Barker 3481 (Barkers Rd near Main Ridge), Robert Anderson (leasing Barragunda at Cape Schanck?, which is in Fingal parish, from Howitt) 1967, Hector Munro 101, Robert H.Holding 140.
Pioneers not listed above seem to have been first assessed as follows.
8-6-1871. James McKeone (McKeown) 165 acres, John Hindmarsh, grantee on 14-5-1871 of 83 B1, Balnarring, fronting the south side of Stanley Rd near Tonkins Rd(leasing from Attenborough) 65, Christopher Laurissen (ancestor of Dromana Historical Society's Bev. Laurissen) 137 and 169 leased from Duff, George Sherwood 128, Edward Stanley 160, 5 roomed house. 11-5-1872.William Kemp.

The 1875 Flinders and Kangerong Shire rate record reveals these pioneers who have not been mentioned previously. James, William and Henry James Gibson 170 acres Bittern, 170 Balnarring, 20 acres and tannery Balnarring, Henry Ault (Prominent Methodist) leasing Pitcher's 140 acres, Henry Blakely (saw maker who has bought Holding's 140 acres), Richard, P.,and John Francis Counsel (various parcels including a grant east of Loxton's and now owning Gracefield {Melway 159 H 9-12}whose vines they had tended for William Grace), Charles Cleine 52, James Clydesdale 50 (between Dromana boundary and Gibb Rd), Charles Golding, cordial manufacturer? 130, Francis Hirst (Hurst?) leasing 60 acres at Red Hill from Bryan Ringrose, John Moore 16 Red Hill, Mitchell 40 Red Hill, James Wiseman, blacksmith, 5 roomed house and 106 ac. Red Hill, Henry Prosser, fisherman, 284 acres leased from the Crown at Bittern (Henry was a storekeeper who owned two allotments at Portsmouth, Bittern by 1887-8 and there is a link between the Prosser, Sawyer, Gibson and Renouf families which I have covered in great detail in "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc" if anyone would like the information), George and Job. Sherwood, nurserymen, 128 acres Balnarring, Bryan Tonkin 418 acres Bittern and Balnarring.

1887-8. Helen Bayne, spinster and possibly sister of James and John who also owned land, had 148 acres in Balnarring. The rate collector assessed Edmund and Michael Callaghan on 1860 acres south of CALLANANS RD which had been granted to the Buchanans. As Michael was a surveyor, one would expect council officers to know how to spell his name! The rate collector had similar trouble with the Firths of Moorooduc who had bought land near Balnarring Rd, rendering their surname as Frith! William Shand had his steam saw mill operating on Main Creek and created what is now Roberts Rd hauling his timber to Red Hill according to Keith Holmes. John Arkwell was an orchardist on 144 acres where the Red Hill footballers now play.Hans Christian Hansen had arrived since the 1886-7 assessment and was probably living in William Hopcraft's "Alpine Chalet" with its drive flanked by fruit trees near the northern end of Tuck's Rd. William Hillas was leasing 213 acres from W.Higgins, probably near Whites Rd.John Hindmarsh was now a "Gentleman" and apparently living in Dromana. James McKeown had apparently sold his land (which was to pass into the ownership of the Sheehan and Holmes families) and was leasing 115 acres from a land investment company. The McIlroys now had 1057 acres but were as a Loxton to a Miller compared with the Downwards (2098 acres.) Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert Sheehan 215 acres in Kangerong.

Let's see if I can tell you something about the people granted land near Red Hill.
*=written from memory. More detail can be supplied if requested in comments.
Balnarring parish.

AITKEN.This surname is associated with the early history of the area near Dromana. John Aitken had to carry his sheep ashore in 1836 when the ship carrying them across Bass Strait ran aground nearby.(The statement in an obituary for George Russell that the ship was stranded four miles from shore is a tad curious.) He probably rested the half of his flock that survived on Dalkeith (See APPLEYARD), where he held a run (Heritage Study)before heading north and establishing Mt Aitken west of Sunbury. Aitken is a common entry on Trove but is not linked there with Red Hill or Balnarring. It is possible that the grantee was W.Aitken of Essendon who won prizes with his sheep, circa 1898.His son was probably the Aitken who married Miss Dwyer (at Moonee Ponds?) and was living at "Kenyer Park", Moorooduc when they celebrated their Ruby Wedding in 1945. The name also appears in relation to sport in Frankston and Carrum. I doubt very much that the grantee belonged to the family that owned Aitken's Brewery in Melbourne circa 1905.

BAYNE. (Mornington Standard 29-3-1913, page 2.) James Bayne, one of the oldest residents of the district, died at Dr Weld's private hospital at Dromana on March 16th.
DAVEY. See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.
DOWNWARD.Much has been said about Alf in the GRANTEES NEAR RED HILL journal. There is much information about the family in books available for loan, such as "A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Lime Land Leisure" and the one about Tubbarubba. There is also a good ANECDOTAL PHOTOGRAPH of the Hon.A.Downward on page 6 of the Frankston and Somerville Standard of 1-10-1924.

OSWIN. Balnarring's John Oswin's expertise regarding horses must have been widely known; he had been appointed a judge at the Shepparton Show.(Mornington Standard, 5-10-1907, page 2.)

TONKIN. (MAITLAND MERCURY AND HUNTER RIVER GENERAL ADVERTISER, 18-10-1881, page 2, Stock Movements.) Captain B.Tonkin and sons were shorthorn breeders on Tolcarne, Balnarring and seemed to be associated with the Teesdales of Western Park, Westernport and Gisborne with dealings regarding breeding stock.The property was given as Tolarne on page 7 of the Argus of 1-9-1884 where the names of the expensive shorthorns they sold (and the buyers) are listed.


Kangerong parish.
APPLEYARD. The death of Mr Appleyard at Red Hill was reported under the heading of SORRENTO on page 10 of the Argus of 30-9-1927. The correspondent reported that he was an old resident of Sorrento and that he and his late wife had conducted a drapery business there for many years.The Flinders ratebook of 1919-20 shows that Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento was assessed on 197 acres, part crown allotments 19 and 20, Kangerong. The 1910-11 records describe him as a draper of Sorrento and showed that he was assessed on 313 acres. In 1900 he'd been assessed on 546 acres.

Strangely, it would seem, Appleyard was not mentioned in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana". But I think I know why. He would have been as popular around the locality as the local who bid against the Griffith family for their historic homestead block when the Clarkes' share of the survey was sold in 1907. I found reference to a letter he wrote to council in August 1898 stating that he had opened up the road at his property and asking for it to be repaired. I thought it strange that the council decided to take no action and wondered what opening up the road meant. Then I found that the draper had (probably in February) fenced off the road, which led to a water reserve and had ordered off anyone trying to use the road. No wonder the shire treated his request with disdain!

The parish map is hard to read but part of his land may have been issued in 1889. I've also noticed that he had land between Dromana Secondary College and the junction of Harrisons and White Hill Rds. Counting this land, his grants totalled 429 acres. It is almost certain that Thomas had blocked the top of Harrisons Rd and deprived Red Hill residents of access to the water reserve which was probably on the east side of Harrisons Rd where a creek crossed into Moat's grant.

It is certain that Thomas was on that land by 4-5-1892 when the Argus reported on page 3 that George Howat had sold 493 merino wethers for T.Appleyard of Dromana. William John Brady of Mount Evergreen took him to court in 1896 on a charge of sheep stealing but Brady's barrister was not available and the case was adjourned. Appleyard researchers can chase that one up; this is supposed to be a couple of sentences, not a book!It is possible that Appleyard was leasing W.A.Blair's or Hearn's land near Mt Evergreen at the time.

Where had he been previously? Welshpool, Sorrento, Richmond, Fitzroy? I think he might have been at Melway 151 B8. George Howat sold 10 bullocks for Simmons and T.Appleyard of "Dalkeith Park" (Argus 9-3-1882 page 10) and a later sale in the 1880's shows that Howat sold 3000 merino wethers for Alf Downward of Mornington and 1000 for Thomas Appleyard of Dalkeith Park. The latter sale makes it likely that I'm talking about the correct Dalkeith. As these were the only sales conducted by Howat on that day, it is likely that both consignments had been taken to Nelbourne together. I can't remember whether Watson had bought Hearn's grants at that stage but Dalkeith seemed to be chiefly occupied by lessees, such as Alfred Head before Vale bought it later on circa 1890.(Vale's daughter became Mrs Jackson; hence Jackson's Hill at the start of the Mornington turn off. Appleyard was not the only one to move from Moorooduc parish to Kangerong to acquire a freehold, the Counsel boys did too.

Other trove articles lead me to believe that the late wife of Thomas was Eliza and that Lily was managing the drapery business.It seems obvious that Thomas was a grazier rather than an orchardist as one of his distant ancestors seems to have been.
CLYDESDALE. If any Clydesdale researchers request it (in comments), I will present the two page Clydesdale entry from my Peninsula Dictionary History that combines information from ratebooks,"A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" etc with great genealogical and biographical information from <>. William James Clydesdale seems to have been known as James, so-called in Colin's book and rate records. He married Julia Cahill who bore 14 children. The Clydesdales were related by marriage to the Dyson, Davis and Cleine families. The birth of Martha was registered at Mt Martha! Like the Peateys, they started on the Survey, obtained grants east of Moat's Corner and worked at Bernard Eaton's gold mine at Tubbarubba.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue pioneers.
DOWNWARD.See under Balnarring grantees above. In 1900, Alf had 1100 acres in the parish of Kangerong but I have not recorded whether it was leased or owned, or its location, most likely because the rate collector gave no details. It is likely that much of this land was adjoining the parish of Balnarring at the Bulldog Creek Rd end of the Survey and was leased until the Clarke estate was sold in 1907. I have the subdivision map and details of purchasers (with the Downwards buying many lots) and a journal about the Survey and Safety Beach may be written in the future.
EATON.*Colin McLear states that Abraham Griffith was a Quaker from Philadelphia and master of a whaler who settled on the Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers. His wife's name was Rebecca and somewhere(Lime Land Leisure?)my suspicion that she was an Eaton was confirmed.Rebecca was the executrix of Watson Eaton and the grant for the 150 acre grant which he had selected before his death in 1877 (west of the Red Hill end of Eatons Cutting Rd)was issued in Rebecca's name.I will not repeat the information in "A Dreamtime of Dromana" unless the book cannot be borrowed by Eaton researchers and a request for it appears in comments. In 1865, Watson Eaton was leasing 210 acres of the Survey from Big Clarke. Who, and where, was his brother? He was probably a "Race Owner" at the goldfields, certainly in some year that I can't recall, at Creswick.
For the information of those unfamiliar with Victoria's gold mining areas, a race was a channel that carried water from a dam to where other material needed to be washed away (in a cradle etc), leaving the heavier gold, like large-scale panning. At Blackwood, surveys for races were done by a woman and the Byers back track follows an old race to O'Brien's Crossing.
Colin didn't know the name of Watson's brother, so naturally it did not appear in LIME LAND LEISURE (a copy of Colin's notes!) I did bother to find out. He was back in Dromana by 1888 as revealed by the trades directory: BernardEaton, gold miner, Dromana.The mine was of course at Tubbarubba and his former neighbours, now east of Moat's Corner, were working for him.
The Eaton legend, as revealed to Colin by Maude Eaton or perhaps his own family, has it that Watson had undertaken part of a medical degree before leaving America, but at an inquest he stated under oath that he had never been to university or received medical training. The memorial, now in the Dromana museum, shows that the lack of a piece of paper did not affect his expertise or his patients' appreciation. There may have been a third brother who came out and became a librarian in Melbourne. Benjamin Eaton,librarian, who appeared to be paying the rates of Maude (a spinster), may have been that brother's son.

HOLMES & WEADSON (WADESSON?)Somewhere in rate records not transcribed, while researching another pioneer, I must have seen something that left me with a suspicion that J.Holmes,grantee of 208 acres at Melway 191 E3, (with Vines of Red Hill at its s.w. corner and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve), was a Sorrento resident. Trove indicates that he was probably J.T.Holmes, the prime mover in an attempt to get a fish company going there and prominent in the move to get a railway to Sorrento. It is possible that his wife was Susannah whose handbag was lost on an "omnibus" in Melbourne and that William Holmes of Sorrento was his brother. There is not one mention of Laurence Weadson on trove. Perhaps he was a silent partner in the old country such as Amos was with Alex Cairns at Boneo.
PEATEY. Rosalind Peatey's "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" is not available for loan but if a request appears in comments, I can present much of its detail. * In short the family started on the Survey and obtained a grant of about 50 acres and then another adjacent one at the east corner of Harrisons Rd, extending east halfway to Gibb Rd. This land proved too wet for farming (probably meaning hay growing) so in 1878 they borrowed money from Nelson Rudduck of Dromana to buy 2 acres (south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St) on Woolcott's subdivision of Crown Allotment 17, Wannaeue. After repaying the loan in 10 years, George and Susan moved onto the block and made a living by supplying eggs, milk, vegetables and poultry. Later their son bought a Rosebud Fishing Village block where the car park at the end of Murray Anderson Rd is now located and the drain that was renewed last year was known as Peatey's Creek. He also had a huge fishing boat which was used to effect many rescuesin foul weather. He and one of the Wongs (market gardeners at Chinamans Ck at West Rosebud) perpetrated an elaborate hoax, of which Rosalind was apparently unaware. I forget at the moment who told me about the hoax. Rosalind stated that the son (her father?, William?) was cross eyed so the market gardener made a mask with slits in the spots where his eyes should have been centred.A Peatey, probably the same son, was granted 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr from the Rosebud Public Golf Course on 3-9-1930 but due to a disability was unable to farm it; he probably sold it to L.E.P.Moran, of Moran and Cato, who built the house that is now the Carrington Club clubhouse.

Wannaeue parish.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.

DAVEY. The first time I saw this name in ratebooks, I wondered if there was any connection with the Frankston pioneers. Tonight I have examined this possibility. Many websites about Frankston provide identical information about James Davey having a run south of Olivers Hill along the Daveys Bay coast and old man Davey (named as William on one site) building a house on Olivers Hill. Strangely I seem to be the first person to wonder if the two were related.They were, as shown by the Kessell family tree re the pedigree of Davey, Frankston Mornington. William, because of whom Olivers Hill was first named Old man Davey's Hill, was born in 1795 in Cornwall and was buried in lovely Frankston in 1880.(His father James, was buried in an obviously less lovely place called Mousehole, Cornwall!)
His son James, born in 1820, who married before leaving Cornwall, died on 13-7-1884 at Frankston. It might have been his grand daughters, Ethel 16 or Elsie 6, and Fanny 6, who were the Misses E. and F.Davey of Marysville, Frankston reported as having collected money for the destitute Connells of Red Hill. The really interesting thing is that the money was to be sent to Mr Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill. This was H.P.Davey who was the light and life of Red Hill for ten years before moving to St Kilda and working for Sands and McDougall in Melbourne.

GRAVES. Charles Graves was one of the tenants on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) after Henry Dunn's lease of the whole survey had ended in 1851. Mary Ann McLear was another tenant , calling her farm "The Willow". Graves became a hawker ( called Graves the tinker in George McLear's accounts book), buying merchandise in Melbourne and selling it all over the southern peninsula.George McLear often accompanied Charles and in about 1854 when they called on the Cairns family at Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) one of the blonde boys was complaining, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." In 1859, he bought Monahan's grant, directly over Pt Nepean Rd from the Dromana Drive-In and extending to Boundary Rd. After having it fenced by the Rhymers (after whom a street in Safety Beach is named), he sold it to Mary Ann McLear, his partner in the hawking business.Charles became a shopkeeper at Shoreham and somewhere in my transcriptions of rates, I have a note (completely unrelated to the information I was seeking) that Charles had about 200 acres in that area. There is much detail of the dates and prices re Charles buying and selling the property that became Maryfield in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime Of Dromana". If anyone researching the Graves family cannot borrow the book,let me know in the comments space below, and I'll supply the details.



8 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago


The attached map shows Kensington as it was in about 1882. John Rankin's house stands in splendid isolation at the corner of what were known as Raleigh's Punt road (Macaulay Rd; the name also applied to Epsom and Maribyrnong Rds) and Princes Street. The northern boundary of Kensington was Geelong road. Kensington Rd was called Footscray Rd and Dynon Rd was called Swamp Rd. Kensington Park, which had housed Peter McCracken's dairy and then William Samuel Cox's Kensington Park racecourse, was about to be subdivided so Cox moved to Feehan's farm near Dean's hotel at Moonee Ponds. The Maizena factory was probably the first secondary industry not situated near (and polluting) the Moonee Ponds Creek or Maribyrnong River. The original Lynch's punt was actually on present racecourse land but was soon moved south to the line of Smithfield Rd, which was so-named because the first recorded race meeting in England was held at the Smithfield market.
People travelling to Flemington Hill probably used Princes St (the part of it in Kensington now known as Rankins Rd.) because Boundary Rd did not originally reach Racecourse Rd, possibly because of a swamp. Princes St was high and dry. What was the name of John Rankin's house? You'll have to read REV. JOHN REID RUFFLES SOME FEATHERS to find out!
A belated acknowledgement! The map in the attachment was supplied to me by Ken Fraser of Flemington. How I ever came into contact with Ken is beyond me but it just shows how historians (family and local) are ever ready to share. I want you to look at the map now and find the building that is shown in the wrong location, and should be shown where I have drawn a dot. I've teased you long enough. Hardiman's Hotel was shown on the site of Holy Trinity Anglican Church, which is now the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church.


6 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago


As I could only list a small proportion of the surnames included in the Journal, THE OAKLANDS HUNT (1), they are listed below in the order of first appearance. There is no known connection between the Methodist Andersons of Tullamarine and William& Catherine, James, Don and Peter Anderson of Keilor. Likewise there is no known connection between Edmond Dunn of Viewpoint ( Tullamarine Methodist Trustee) and the Dunn who leased Dunn's Farm of 123 acres (all but 12 acres on section 23 Doutta Galla.) Otherwise surnames apply to one family. Pardon the capitals.

4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago

THE OAKLANDS HUNT (1), VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. (Updates in bold type.) See OAKLAND HUNT (1) INDEX journal.

This journal covers the Keilor area. Other areas will be covered in The Oaklands Hunt (2) etc, with areas specified in the title.

This organisation was founded in 1888 and there is an excellent history about it called THE OAKLANDS HUNT and written by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy. The author used a small number of the numerous newspaper articles about its hunts in his book, which also has excellent photographs of buildings which no longer exist, such as Alexander McCracken's "Cumberland" and the Inverness Hotel as well as J.B.McArthur's beautiful "Arundel", which like the Dromana Hotel suffered "Modernisation!!!"
Its first event was following a trail laid by Farquhar McRae from Warlaby, the McDougall property at the south west corner of Craigieburn and Oaklands Rds (Melway 384 J8). The Brannigans' "St Johns Hill" (probably 384 G5) adjoining Warlaby on the north, "Harpsdale" (385 E5) across Konagaderra Rd from the Brannigans, and Oaklands (385 B9)were the other prominent properties at the corner. There was supposed to have been an Oaklands Junction School on Warlaby in early days according to "Vision and Realisation".
McRae was at the time in charge of the hunters at "Glenara". This was after the death of Walter Clark and Glenara (as well as many properties on Oaklands Rd including Glenalister) was occupied by Davis and ??. Glenara was later owned by Alister Clark, famed rose breeder and President of the Moonee Valley Racing Club, after whom Glenalister was named. Because of Alister, there was a strong link between the M.V.R.C. and the Oaklands Hunt Club. The Glenalister homestead was probably at 385 A11. Most of the square mile property was, by 1999, occupied by the Readymix Oaklands Junction quarry. The location I have indicated for the Glenalister Homestead is labelled Balbethan Stud. Bob Blackwell was the manager of Glenalister when it changed hands. The new owner wished to rename the farm Balbethan so Bob was given permission to use the Glenalister name for a farm he established at Elmore.
As mentioned elsewhere, there was also a strong link between the horsey fraternity and the Essendon Football Club. Cameron-Kennedy mentioned the unusual circumstance of a horseman winning a race at Moonee Valley and taking the field for Essendon a short time later. There was also a strong link between the Oaklands Hunt and the farmers over whose properties the quarry was pursued. This was probably due to so many local farmers being members (although many were members of the Melbourne legal fraternity) and the consideration they showed to their neighbours. Before the Club's formation, Edmond Dunn of Viewpoint had taken Warnock, Master of the Melbourne Hunt, to court over damage to his crops and trauma suffered by his ewes.
Before the purchase of Sherwood, the club's social activities mainly occurred at Alex. McCracken's "Cumberland", Alister Clark's "Glenara" and the Inverness Hotel while the hounds were based on "Narbonne", the property of the Daniel family. "Woodlands" had been involved with frantic horsemanship since the days of Rawdon Greene in the early 1840's, as illustrated by the accounts written by the author of "Robbery Under Arms", and the tradition continued after the club's formation. If I remember correctly, the kennels were located at Woodlands until a change of ownership occurred.
One owner of Woodlands has been described as the father of the Australian Turf. This was Charles Brown Fisher of the famed Maribyrnong Stud who also owned much of the land at Avondale Heights between Military Rd and the river as well as the land north of Raleigh Rd at Maribyrnong. Charles and his brother Hurtle (who established the stud, are recalled by Charles and Hurtle St, in Ascot Vale West, and Fisher Pde behind Flemington Racecourse. (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility".

The Hunt was a matter of excitement to the children of Bulla and Greenvale, especially the Point to Point Steeplechase; incidentally a steeplechase was originally a race from one church to another with the most daring riders taking the most direct route.
The intention of this journal is to describe the location of the properties of the pioneers mentioned in the reports of the hunts. Many family historians may be aware of properties farmed by their ancestors because of "family legends" but many are not! One case in point is the family of Joseph Porta; the legend contained many details of bellows manufacturing but nobody knew about crown allotment 63 Moorooduc. Hopefully this journal will provide information for researchers such as the person who was trying to find the location of the Daniel family's "Narbonne". This person obviously had not read THE OAKLANDS HUNT!
When I began researching the area around Tullamarine, my first working title was "Every Square Inch" and with the help of Bob Blackwell and Sid Lloyd (whose brother, George, wrote "Mickleham Road 1920-1952") who knew the area like the back of their hands, parish maps and Bulla, Keilor and Broadmeadows rate records, I did discover occupants and farm names and locations for almost every square inch in the above shires as far north as Craigieburn Rd.

A nice easy one to start with.
Argus 24-6-1929, page 5. This is a photo of A. Scott and W.Bamford jumping a fence. You will notice that a rail has been removed. This was a common practice. (JimX) John Gilligan was killed when riding home in the dark, unaware that somebody had replaced the rail.
John Cock bought the 450 acre "Chandos" (which adjoined the Junction Estate between Londrew Ct and Freight Rd and extended north to the Moonee Ponds Creek) and subdivided it into three parts which became, from the north, Percy Judd's "Chandos Park", Bill Lockhart's, and the Wrights' "Strathconnan". William Moore Bamford bought Judd's farm in 1949 and built a new timber house, which still stands, surrounded by brick houses in Ashford Cres. It is not known where Bamford was living in 1929.(P.28, "Before The Jetport" by Ray Gibb.)
The Scott's purchased "Camp Hill" and renamed it "Gowanbrae", which is Gaelic for "Hill of flowers". They built a new homestead on the site of the Atco factory.

SUNBURY NEWS AND BULLA AND MELTON ADVERTISER 27-5-1893, page 3. (NOTE: This source will hereafter be abbreviated to SNABAMA.) The correspondent made a couple of mistakes, writing Delaney twice for Delahey and not realising that Sandy Smith's "Norwood" lay between Buckley Street and the paddock of Charles Brown Fisher. My comments are in italics.
Mr McDougall, the master, and many riders assembled at Essendon Crossroads. (1) Heading along Woodlands St, they entered Mr Napier's land (2) then passed through Mr Kernan's (3), Peck's (4), Stevenson's (5) and Williamson's (6) properties before taking a break at Tullamarine Junction (7).
Then their pursuit took them toward Keilor Chapel (8), through H. Delaney's (9), across into Mr Taylor's (10), over the Salt Water River at the Arundel Ford (11), thence into Overnewton (11a), along Mount Alexander Road and round by the Keilor State School.(12) After a rest, they resumed the chase again, crossing the Saltwater River at McIntyre's ford (13), due west through Mr R. Delaney's property (14), across North Pole Road (15), over Spring Creek (16) into Mr James Anderson's (17). The quarry hid in a blind gully but when discovered, went through Mr Hoffman's estate (18), across Buckley Street into Mr C.E.Fisher's (19) paddock where it was caught.

Open your Melway to 16 F12.
1. Essendon Crossroads was where the roads to Bulla and Keilor, Lincoln Road and Woodlands St met. Carnarvon Rd, earlier called Mawbey's Rd after an owner of St John's grant (Strathmore Heights to Lebanon Reserve)was by now called Lincoln Rd in directories. 2. This would be Theodore Napier's "Magdala" (Melway 16 G12); Thomas Napier had died and his son-in- law, George Barbour (an early Melbourne lawyer) had returned from Warrnambool to live on Rosebank and build the mansion which still stands. Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council even though it was in the Shire of Broadmeadows, because the shire didn't want it. 3. John Kernan owned Merai Farm (Melway16 K8)but by this stage owned land in Section 15 Doutta Galla (Melway 16 H10)which he subdivided, naming Loeman St after his great mate Michael Loeman , who leased "Moreland" for 14 years before moving to Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island.(The bridge in Moreland Rd was called Loeman's Bridge.)
4. John Murray Peck was one of four young Americans, including Freeman Cobb, who established Cobb & Co. He came from New Hampshire and named his Ascot Vale House "Mascoma" after a river there. In 1882, he built a new house, still standing in Wendora St, and named it "Lebanon" after a town on the Mascoma River. Cunning John noticed that 12 acres north of Lebanon (purchased by Sir John Franklin and once part of "Dunn's Farm" was unoccupied, fenced it and paid the rates on the paddock; John English applied for the title for it decades later.The riders were now at Melway 16 G9.
5. Henry Stevenson owned "Niddrie" bounded by Keilor Rd, the Grange Rd/ Bowes Ave midline, approximately Fraser St and Treadwell Rd, later owned for decades by Dr Morgan's family. Strangely the farm's name is now applied to the suburb south of Keilor Rd. Henry also owned the western 300 acres of "St John's"; the eastern 200 or so acres being owned by Robert McDougall of "Arundel" until his death. As Harry Peck points out in "Memoirs of a Stockman", they were not the friendliest of neighbours. McDougall, the father of the Master of the Hunt, was an advocate of the Booth strain of shorthorns and Stevenson of the Baines strain and they actively ignored each other. The riders were now at 16 C6.
6. The Williamson's farmed several properties near Tullamarine but at this time they were on Camp Hill, between the tenures of Hay Lonie and the Gilligans. Camp Hill originally extended west to Broadmeadows Rd but the part west of Macedon road (Melrose Drive) became (Sam) Mansfield's Triangle, having been sold by Eyre Evans Kenny. Camp Hill Park (Melway 15 J1) indicates Camp Hill's north west corner and an eastern extension of Sharps Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek its southern boundary. Bruce Small was a much later owner of Camp Hill and planned to build his Malvern Star bicycles there but could not get a railway siding. He must have also owned part of Jack Howse's old South Wait property where Malvern Avenue is located.
7. Tullamarine Junction (Melway 15 J1) did not exist until the 1860's. Those wishing to travel to Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) or Sydney would continue along Macedon road to David O'Niall's Lady of the Lake Hotel (near Millar Rd at 5 H11) and travel through Chandos to Fawkner St. Then Broadmeadows Rd (now Mickleham Rd) which was a boundary between crown sections must have been made. One possible reason that travellers continued to the Lady of the Lake is that the start of the more direct route would have been frequently under water. An early survey map has a note "plentiful supply of water" near the location of the western end of Brunton Cres. Contour lines do not indicate a catchment so the only conclusion is that the water came from a spring. The water flowed into William Foster's section 3, scouted the east side of the Spring St (now Leo Dineen) Reserve, passing through the right of way at its south end to collect water from a tributary near Clyne Crt and continuing through William Foster's section 21 Doutta Galla to join Steel's Chain of Ponds at Melway 15 F7.

It makes sense that the Fosters called their properties "Springs". This lead to the areas near their land being also called Springs, which could be a cause of confusion because both David O'Niall and James Laverty were described as being at Springs but David was on the road to Bulla and James was on the road to Keilor! Most farms south of the Foster land had names including Spring, such as Spring Park (Patrick Phelan, Johnson etc), Springfield (Connor), Spring Vale (Laverty, Corcoran),Spring Bank (James Wilson, James Anderson)and Spring Hill (later Aberfeldie, James Robertson.)

The Broadmeadows Road Board, established 1857, probably could not afford to deal with the flooding problem due to so many competing requests for road works but the formation of the Bulla Road Board in 1862 and Keilor Road Board in 1863, plus a toll gate at the junction would have provided funds for the construction of a culvert. (Even up to the 1950's flooding occurred every time the culvert was blocked- Tullamarine Progress Association minutes book.) By 1863 James Hendry had a store on the present 711 site,and became Tullamarine's first post master in (1867?) C. Evans also had a shop. John Knaggs was the toll collector in 1868 but he never received any payment from Edmond Dunn of Viewpoint (the part of Gladstone Park south of Lackenheath Dr./ Windermere Cres.); he could leave his property near Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid the tolls and despite being a trustee of The Tullamarine Methodist Church had no problems with his conscience. (Church Centenary Souvenir 1970.)

Another early feature near the junction was the Wesleyan school at the bend in Cherie St, started in 1855. Broadmeadows had a very high proportion of Scots, Bulla and Keilor had many Irish pioneers but Tullamarine's early pioneers included a large number of Methodists (Dunn, Nash, Parr, Wright, Anderson, Purvis etc.) They would not have been happy to have the Beech Tree Hotel, the Lady of the Lake Hotel and the Junction Hotel so close to their school. The Lady of the Lake had probably burnt down by the time John Cock started leasing Broombank from Richard Beaman in 1867 and the Junction Hotel was probably opened soon thereafter. It was a Methodist, Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith", who urged the Junction Hotel's closure in the late 1920's (See Hotels near Tullamarine journal.) Cec and Lily Green opened a shop and garage in the old hotel giving the junction its well-known name of Greens' Corner.

8. Keilor Chapel was St Augustine's Roman Catholic Church. It was commenced in the 1850's but due to a shortage of labour because of the goldrush, it was not finished until (1863?) Its congregations would have been huge during its construction because most of the workers constructing the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway in the vicinity of Keilor Rd Station (Sydenham) in 1958-9 were Irish. Some worshippers came from Bulla, such as Maurice Crotty who was probably at that time working at the Brannigans' "St John's Hill", which I mentioned at the start of this journal (Victoria and Its Metropolis.) Maurice met at this church a young McCormack girl, who displayed courage of legendary status, when she placed her body between aborigines intent on revenge and a relative who had been pursued from Keilor to Corryong. Mrs Crotty was one brave woman!
St Augustine's continued as the parish centre until a temporary building was moved from the east end of Glass St (Napier Cres) to establish St Monica's in Mt Alexander Rd.

9. The land between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Dr.) and the river was granted to J.F.L. Foster and became known as Leslie Banks. The Delaheys and their relatives, the Dodds, were granted all the land constituting Brimbank Park and called Oakley or Oakleigh Park, (later The Oaks when Michael Fox leased it). For decades Delaheys also owned Leslie Banks, probably until David Thompson arrived. The Harrick family were their neighbours between Leslie Banks and Keilor Rd and the Harrick homestead is heritage -listed. As Mary Delahey farmed much land in the southern part of the parish of Maribyrnong, I urged the naming of a new suburb in the parish after this pioneering family.

10. Section 2 of the parish of Tullamarine was granted to George Annand, a Melbourne grocer who also seemed to have engaged in money lending. He called section 2 "Annandale" and following part of section 2 being included in the Arundel Closer Settlement, Cr Bill Parr retained the name for his farm on the north side of Annandale Rd which adjoined his brother Sam's "The Elms" fronting Bulla Rd just south of the Conders Rd (Link Rd) school. I no longer have my rate records but I believe William Taylor was assessed on the 640 acres of section 2 in 1868, the earliest assessment I found at Keilor. Anderson and Parr (James Henry, Bill and Sam's father) leased the farm in about 1890 but either the owner's name was not recorded or I failed to record it.
It is likely that William Taylor had bought the Browns Rd area near Bertram's ford (Melway 14 G2), Turner's
(4 E12) and the part of section 2 that was included in the Arundel Closer Settlement (about 320 acres.)The year 1892 was a hard one for rate collectors. (A search I did regarding the McIntyres resulted in the discovery of a history of the Shire of Braybrook (Sunshine area) which states that 6 out of every 7 residents could not pay their rates in that year.) It is possible that William Taylor had sold the eastern half of Annandale to Thomas Nash and "Pa" Parr in or soon after 1892. When refreshing my memory about Overnewton's boundaries, I found that in 1892, William Taylor owned section 1 (Arundel) and section 2 was owned Blythe & Co. It is likely that Blythe sold the east half of Annandale to Nash and Parr and the western half to Taylor.
Incidentally the part of section 2 south of the start of Annandale Rd west to and including the Star Trak property is labelled "Chesterfield" in my 1999 Melway. I thought at first that this information must have been supplied by Keith McNab but then I realised that it must have come from Glen Cotchen, a descendant of Maurice Crotty. This was the property that the McCormacks were leasing from Annand in the 1850's when Maurice met his future wife at St Augustines; it is directly across Keilor Park Drive from "Broomfield".
The image below shows the Delahey property (Leslie Banks). In Melway 15 A2, the riders would have passed from Henry Delahey's into Mr Taylor's "Annandale".

11. The Arundel Ford was known to locals such as the McNabs, Mansfields and Milburns as Bertram's Ford.
Read details of the Guthries and Bertrams in the J.T.SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS and BERTRAM journals. The ford is at Melway 14 H2, virtually underneath the new Arundel bridge.
11a. "Overnewton". Once across the ford the riders would be on the eastern boundary of Overnewton (Arundel Rd, part of which is now named after Jose Borrell of Gumm's Corner.) William Taylor's Estate went west of Keilor Township to well past Sydenham and south to include land on both sides of Taylors Rd.

12. The quarry went along Mt Alexander Rd towards the Keilor State School. Mt Alexander Rd was the road to Keilor and the main street of the Village (which in my 1999 Melway is named to recall its pre- gold rush name of Macedon Rd.) The school was originally on a Church of England reservation at the bottom of the street named after Ebenezer Bonfield but was now at the top of Bonfield Reserve.

13. McINTYRE'S FORD. The location of this ford has cost me brain strain and about seven hours. After crossing this ford they headed due west through Mr R.Delahey's property. Without this information, it would be easy to assume that the ford was the one near Garden Ave (not far from the school site, where they'd taken a breather.)
This would have taken them into Keilor Binn Farm, originally part of Keilor Township. By the 1890's this was owned by Matthew Goudie, owner of the remaining Keilor hotel. His daughter married a Dodd lad and insisted that their farm be called "Brimbank". I'm not sure whether they were on the property by this time but it was certainly never owned by a Delahey. The other reason that this was not McIntyre's ford is that by heading east (the author said west when he meant east, a mistake I've made about a million times)the riders would have encountered the river again.
My assumption is that the quarry followed the north and then west bank of the river until it was south of the east-west transmission line which indicates the southern boundary of Keilor Binn Farm. This would then take it to the Delahey share of section 10 Doutta Galla.(See map below.) The south east boundary of the Delahey grant is the Western Ring Road.McIntyre's Ford could have been at the end of Charles Stenson's road or at the end of Government Rd (14 H12)which has the tell tale signs of a bending approach to "something" so that the descent would not be too steep. I do not think that either was McIntyre's ford, mainly because of the location of the McIntyre land.
I cannot find a Cut Cut Paw map but I can say with certainty that McIntyre Rd was the western boundary of the parish and that the McIntyre grants were directly over the river from the Dodd/Delahey ones (north of Berkshire Rd if I remember correctly.) A question that needs to be posed is why McIntyre would want a ford. To me the answer would be to get produce to Melbourne. Thus the two alternatives rejected before would create a long detour. I have no information at hand about when they settled but I believe it would have been in the early 1850's. They would have had two choices to cross the river: (a) cross near the E.J.Whitten bridge and skirt the north bank of the river to Braybrook road (Buckley St), (b) pay to use Lynch's punt on present racecourse land and then Smithfield Rd, which would have been mighty expensive if you were transporting tons of hay or livestock in large numbers. My guess regarding the ford being near the Whitten bridge is based on dim recollections of a ride down the bike path from Brimbank Park to the city many years ago. The ford which obviously existed at the end of North Rd, Avondale Heights is another possibility but a report from the Melbourne Hunt (detailed later) indicates that there were two fords, safer than McIntyre's, further downstream and they would have had to be the North Rd ford and Solomon's Ford near the end of Canning St.

14. Mr R.Delaney's land. The reporting could be misleading to anyone who does not know every square inch. As stated before, Delaney should be Delahey and it was probably Richard (of "Richard's Lookout".) Also, if the quarry had gone due east (not west as stated) it would have been impossible to reach North Pole Rd through Delahey land. I have a theory that the Dodd and Delahey land on section 10 was separated by a wire netting fence and the quarry followed it in the hope of finding a gap. Then having reached a point near Dodds Rd near the Keilor Terminal Station (15 B11), it did head due east into 11A Doutta Galla, through the area with streets named after cricketers.This northern third of 11A was Delahey land as you can see on the map. The middle third was Dodd land.
15. This land fronts Milleara Rd, which was known until the 1940's as NORTH POLE ROAD. In the sale of the noble Spring Vale Estate, the North Pole Inn was referred to as the Essendon road. I presumed that the Essendon Road would have been Hoffmans Rd (the boundary between Essendon and the Shire of Keilor)but an examination of the acreage and Keilor Rd and Essendon road frontages proved that the North Pole Inn was on the west corner of Milleara Rd (not in some of the other sites suggested over the years.) Hoffmans Rd had a notorious dog leg (Moushall Avenue}and the road was deplorable until a Fullarton connection in the mid 1900's ended the lack of co-operation between the Essendon and Keilor councils. (Dorothy Fullarton, Eddie Deutcher.)
North Pole Rd, on the other hand had led to Solomon's Ford and Braybrook Rd from soon after Melbourne's foundation. I believe that there was a pole near the north and south side of the ford to indicate its location, thus giving Milleara Rd and Duke St, Sunshine their original names. (South Pole Rd, Braybrook was seen in an early directory.)

16.SPRING CREEK. Not being mentioned, the land between Milleara Rd and Spring St-Rachelle Rd must have been in a state of flux regarding ownership and occupancy but is mentioned below in 17 and in the Melbourne Hunt report(which follows soon.)It is likely that the creek was called Spring Creek in the 1850's. (See 7 re Springs at Tullamarine and Keilor Rd and the farm names right down to Aberfeldie with Spring in their names. The creek ran through "Spring Gully". The creek is now named Steeles Creek. It was also known as Rose Ck where it crossed the direct line of Buckley St and travellers had to detour slightly to the north through Dugald McPhail's "Rose Hill" and "Sinclair's Farm" to reach Solomon's Ford. Title documents constantly refer to the stream as STEEL'S CHAIN OF PONDS. I can find no link to anyone named Steel in the area so I presume that Steel was an early squatter or a surveyor; in 1900 a Rupert Percy Steele had land bisected by McNamara Ave, Airport West but this was well after the chain of ponds bore the name.

17.JAMES ANDERSON'S. James Anderson's "Spring Bank" was the north east part of Main's Estate (Section 12 Doutta Galla)purchases by James Wilson on 9-8-1855.Wilson probably built the homestead which stood on the south corner of Teague St until it was replaced by a service station in the 1930's. It is likely that the farm name was bestowed by James Patrick Main. Another Oaklands Hunt report describes it as Mr James Anderson's well-kept farm.The 1900 Keilor rates showed that James Anderson also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Rd.
In 1892, James was possibly living on 11B, between North Pole Rd and Rachelle Rd, on "Shelton Farm" Keilor. His mother Catherine, widow of William Anderson, had died there on 10-9-1892 at the age of 87.(Argus 12-9-1892.) Catherine had been one of the early residents of Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds, following the death of her husband, and her house was later occupied by Blinkbonnie College, run by Miss Morris and at its second location in the street. Mrs Mullens, its owner circa 1998, told me she had often dug up inkwells while gardening.What of the owner of Shelton Farm; where was he? John Beale Snr had moved to Ardmillan Rd and the house was called Shelton of course! His son followed him in the Ardmillan Rd house and the property passed to John Beale Jnr's son in law, Loftus Henry Moran. Hmmm, where have I seen that surname before? In which house on Shelton Farm was James Anderson living in 1892? I think it was Dr Crooke's Sanitorium and that John Beale had previously lived in it. I no longer have my titles transcriptions but it is possible that the sanitorium was on lot 8 of Main's Estate between Rachelle Rd and Craig St, bought by John Beale on 1-6-1865.

18.Hoffman had later bought land in Main's Estate from Dugald McPhail, so the quarry may not have crossed Hoffmans Rd before crossing Buckley St into Charles Brown Fisher's paddock.

19.Fisher's land appears on the map.
The land between Buckley St and Parr and Venice Cts had been granted to Isaac Davies and became Sandy Smith's "Norwood", which also included about 13 acres north of Buckley St. Smith and Fisher appear to have done a property swap. C.B.Fisher's older brother, Hurtle, had built a mansion (Beau Lejour?) on the Essendon hospital site in Holmes Rd and this became Sandy's "Coilsfield" while Fisher gained the Buckley St frontage, as shown by the map.

( Mr Hoffman's Estate, "Butzbach" was bounded by Hoffmans Rd, Keilor Rd, approximately Hedderwick St (named after a lawyer)where it adjoined the McCrackens' "Mar Lodge", and Buckley St. This and the land on Main's Estate was later called the Buckley Park Estate.)

The Argus 8-7-1893, PAGE 15, HUNTING. THE MELBOURNE HUNT. This report is added to the above in reference to the location of McIntyre's Ford and "Shelton".
The country was covered with water but the master, Mr Watson, decided it was past time for another hunt and the meet was at the gates of Flemington racecourse. After riding along Epsom Rd and past Maribyrnong Rd, the quarry was released near Aberfeldie. They had ridden along Orford St; Corio St,Burns St, Scotia St and Huntly St did not seem to exist. The only mention of Corio in Moonee Ponds in 1893 concerned the death of the wife of George Patterson, inspector of works for the Victorian Railways at her residence "Corio" in Grace St; I wonder if Patterson was responsible for the naming of Corio St! The throw off must have occurred on Thomas Millar's old Ringwood but the property name was no longer used. The Ringwood homestead was at the end of Burns St according to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society.
The quarry went north west through the Aberfeldie Estate (of James Robertson Jnr of Upper Keilor) towards Budesbach (sic, Budzbach)between Hedderwick St and Hoffmans Rd as mentioned previously, and crossing Buckley St, inclined to the left, crossing Spring Creek and entering Mr Beale's property (Shelton.)
They might have passed through Rose Hill and Sinclair's Farm unless the quarry crossed Rosehill Rd and entered John Beale's lot 8 of Main's Estate (between Rachelle Rd and Craig St (Melway 27 H1). The term "inclined to the left" suggests the latter path. The pursuit took the riders across North Pole Road into Dodd's paddock (between Keilor Park Drive and Lauricella Ave)with Keilor Cemetery on the right and entering Mr W.Delahey's property they arrived at McIntyre's ford.
Because crossing at the ford was so dangerous, most of the riders detoured to the Keilor bridge and the path towards the railway is not specified in much detail; Mrs Dodd's paddock would appear to be the land in the parish of Maribyrnong (owned by Mary Delahey) referred to regarding the naming of the suburb of Delahey.
I quote the end of the report verbatim. "It was a great disappointment to Miss Chirnside and Miss Watson, who were the only ladies out, that the fox had crossed at such a dangerous ford as McIntyre's for if he had gone to either of the lower fords they could have crossed with perfect safety."
McIntyre's ford was on the Delahey portion of section 10 so it would have had to be just north of the E.J.Whitten bridge or at the end of Stenson or Government Rds. As the latter two locations make no sense for the purpose of McIntyre travelling to Melbourne or Keilor, I will state my belief that McIntyre's ford was just north of the Whitten Bridge, and rest my case.The two lower fords would have been the one at the end of North Rd and Solomons Ford.
Further hunts in other areas will appear in other journals entitled THE OAKLANDS HUNT (2) etc. with areas specified.


Those who have read JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS would have seen a reference to the Rev. John Reid receiving a letter of encouragement and donations to further his mission after visiting the Goulburn Region. One of those who gave support was Peter Young who was a Free Presbyterian. The Presbyterian Church was quite fragmented and Young was involved in a battle with another faction over the establishment of a church at Broadmeadows Township.

However, the nastiness seems to have stepped up to another level in the case of Rev. John Reid. I will not quote from the many newspaper articles but merely give an outline of the story as I understand it. I came across this saga while seeking more information about Alexander Blair and investigating a theory that Peter Young's "Clyde Park, Westernport" might have actually been near Essendon, since the Historical Society near Clyde had never heard of Young or Clyde Park.

A meeting was held at Thomas Armstrong's "Coalville" to get a Presbyterian Church (which became St John's, Essendon) erected. The meeting resolved to ask Rev. John Reid to be the congregation's minister.(Argus 1-7-1852 page 5.) Alex Blair had been chairman at this meeting and was to occupy the chair at a later one concerning Rev. John Reid's call to the new North Melbourne church. He was also to be Rev. Reid's staunchest ally in his darkest hour.
Those prominent in the formation of the church were Armstrong, Blair,Thomas Rogerson, Dugald McPhail, James McNay (McNae), John and Quintin Dick, Joseph Pitcher (Pitches), George Barry, James Crighton and John T.Hinkins. Thomas Millar (the subject of another of my journals) was later appointed a trustee. Hinkins, the first postmaster and teacher at Moonee Ponds, if I remember "The Stopover That Stayed" correctly, was not a member of the church and was thanked for acting as Secretary and Treasurer. Dugald McPhail of Rose Hill was Alex Blair's neighbour, James McNae (possibly an early squatter?), whose house still stands, was in charge of Davies' vineyards on Ngarveno, south of Dean St, Moonee Ponds, John Dick was involved with land on the south side of Keilor Rd,and Joseph Pitches ran what was later Chadwick's Farmers' Arms Hotel across Buckley St from St John's and near Pitches St (Melway 28 G5).Of the other three I know little except that the Crighton name was prominent in the Essendon Football Club and a grandstand at Windy Hill bore the name.

Rev. Reid was soon busy performing marriages. In June, 1853, he conducted two of particular interest to me. He married Robert McDougall of Glenroy and Margaret, the daughter of John Rankin, at Roseneath Cottage near Flemington. This was almost certainly Rankin's house at the corner of Princes St and Raleigh's Punt Road (or in later terms, the corner of Rankins Rd and Macaulay Rd) a stone's throw from the Kensington Station of 1860. It is possible that John Rankin was one of those who enticed Rev. Reid to North Melbourne. Robert McDougall had been involved nearer to town in about 1850 when he built the original section of Dean's Hotel, at the corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Dean St, where the Moonee Ponds Tavern now stands. More details about Robert's time at Glenroy, Aitken's Estate and Arundel at Tullamarine are given in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.
The other marriage hints at a relationship (through marriage) between Alex Blair and Thomas Rogerson, who took opposing sides in the issue of the manse at Essendon. Rev. Reid married Robert Rogerson and Christina, daughter of Alex. Blair, at St John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla.

There seem to have been two issues behind Rev. John Reid's problems. The first is that he spent his own money improving the manse at Essendon and then placed it in the hands of people (who were not trustees) for the benefit of the parish. Two of the trustees, Thomas Millar and Thomas Rogerson, laid a complaint about this. The second problem stemmed from Rev. Reid bad-mouthing some of his prominent seat-holders in the new North Melbourne parish. A Flemington doctor must have copped a real spray and probably had enough influence with the trustees to have Rev. Reid and his congregation locked out of the Presbyterian school where services were held.
Rev. Reid was suspended as a minister. What happened next?

As will be the case in a future journal, SHOVEL TROUBLE AT HOBSON'S FLAT, (about an ongoing barney between two Rosebud pioneers), I will let you find the actual details on trove as I did, and make your own judgement about who were the goodies and baddies. All the articles are in The Argus, except for a good summary of the conflict on page 3 in the Sydney Morning Herald of 14-11-1856.

Postscript. Thomas Rogerson rang a bell but softly, like Guthrie and Glengyle. I have not been able to find my reference to the family but the attempt produced information about Dick and Crighton.
The 1849 applicants for admission to the electoral roll included: Thomas Rogerson, dwelling house, Saltwater River.
John Dick purchased crown allotments 17C and 17D, Doutta Galla bounded by Keilor Rd, Hoffmans Rd, the line of Farrell St (Melway 15 K11) and Spring St, from William Nicholson on 15-3-1854 but the title reverted to Nicholson on 22-7-1861.
Allotment 22 F, bounded by Parer Rd, the line of Nomad Rd in Essendon Aerodrome, Fraser St and Thomas St, was granted to A.Wright and J&T.Crighton in 1848.
Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society told me that David Rogerson was leasing Robert Hoddle's grant (the northern third of the present Moonee Valley Racecourse)at the time and "Coleville" might have been a house still standing in Thomas St. The Rogerson and Dick families were related by marriage and also an Armstrong family.(See ROOTSWEB WORLD CONNECT PROJECT: COTTERS, RUTHS, KEALEYS, CLANCYS by Mary Cotter.)
The Farmers' Society had a ploughing match on Messrs Rogerson and Dick's farm, which was probably in the parish of Yuroke, in 1849.(See The Argus 8-6-1849 page 2 DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.)