itellya on Family Tree Circles

sort: Date Alphabetical
view: full | list

Journals and Posts

Notes and index for THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL, Vic., Aust.

This book was written by Mary Karney in partnership with Bruce Bennett who has written several books about early butchers, bakers, shopkeepers etc on the Mornington Peninsula. Mary has written No Rugged Landscape and a transcription of Georgina Oswin's diary, which, with this book, are probably still available for purchase from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies. Mary is the daughter of Olive (nee Oswin) and grand daughter of 1865 pioneer, John Oswin, who married Georgina (Mills.)

Golden Plains has extensive information about Foxey's Hangout, the Tubbarubba diggings and the Downward and Oswin families. John Oswin's "Newstead" is wrongly described as being on crown allotment 35, Balnarring (granted to J.Caldwell); it was actually on crown allotments 55 A and B.

In the book, W.M.Gomm was listed as one of a group opposing alienation of the diggings. He was more likely Wm Gomm, son of Convict Henry Gomm. William was one of the grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village (where Jetty's Cafe is today) but later moved to Hastings and was followed on that block by his brother Henry. William died at Hastings in 1915, Henry at Cheltenham Benevolent Home soon afterward, and another brother, Thomas, at Dromana in 1896, not long after he had given evidence in a hearing regarding Alfred Downward's disputed election win. They were not related to Henry Gomm of Glenhoya at Somerville. Graham Whitehead has written an excellent piece on the City of Kingston History site about the two Gomm families based on my THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.

The sheep stealing described on page 33 did not all happen at Tubbarubba. The Hon. F.S.Grimwade was on Coolart. Alf Head's Fern Valley/Musk Creek straddled Stony Creek Rd. Alexander McLennan was most likely on his grant, c/a 1 and 2 Moorooduc, bounded by Moorooduc, Eramosa, Derril and Bungower Rds. Crooks was on Tuerong Park north of Vineyard Lane. Gibson may have been Walter, on Glenholm west of Collins Rd, Dromana and the survey, or another family near Red Hill (see DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL), I believe Sweetapple was near Red Hill and that I have mentioned him in a journal because I almost made a corny joke about his name. Griffiths may have been Griffith whose homestead block was lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision of the southern 4280 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey (Melway 160 H 3-4) with its north west corner indicated by (the seemingly, but not, historic) Bluestone Homestead/Cottage or perhaps on Mornington-Flinders Rd near Blakeley's and Head's where Cr Griffith had a block.

My apologies for not using columns. pre= before page 1.
A. Aborigines 1-2, 5. ALLCHIN 19. B. BALCOLME 7. BARKER 24. BARNES William 27.
BENNETT 19. BENTON 29. BESSIE RAINE 121. BOTT 23. BROWN 25. Bulldog Creek's name 1. BURTON 35.
C. CALDWELL 28. CALLANAN 3. CARLYON Norman 36. Chinese 7, 17, 18. CLARKE 18. COLLINS 34.
CONNELL Lou 39, 40. COOKE Lyn, Lawton 36, 44. CROOKS 33.
D. DAVEY James 22. DOWNWARD- throughout, photos. DRUMMOND 28. E. ELLEMAN 23.
F. FENTON James 35. FIRTH 6, 33, 39, 40. Foxey's Hangout pre, 38-44 (photos). FRITSCH 20, 34.
GRANT Bros, Balnarring 30. GROVER 19, 28.
H. HALL 24. Hastings fishermen at diggings 20. HAYES Jack, trainer 34, 36, 44. HEAD 33.
J JAMIESON'S Special Survey 5. JOHNSON Phillip Hilton Elmore "Jack" pre, 38-44 (photos). JONES 19. JOURNEAUX 20, 34, 35. K. KERR 8, 39, 42. KIRKPATRICK 19.
M. MAIRS 12, 22 25 photo, 33. McCRAE 7. McCUSKER 28, 32. McILROY 24. McKENZIE pre, 42.
MAPS:Mornington Peninsula pre; Thomas's pre; pastoral runs 4; Jamieson's Special Survey 5; Parishes near Tubbarubba 6; Tubbarubba geological 9; diggings 15; subdivision of c/a 15 Balnarring 54.
MEYERS 29. MEYRICK 5. MILLS 22, 24, 26. MOAT 28. MORIARTY 28.
N. NICHOLS 23. NORMAN (stationers) 32, 38. NUNN 28. O. OLLEY 19. ORSINO 28. OSWALD 29. OSWIN 5, 22 photo, 23 photo, 24 photo, 25 photo, 26, 31. OVERGAADE 35.
P. Petition of 7-12-1880 18-21.POPE 19. POULTON Ina 35.
R. RANKINE 33. REDSTON Tom, Liza 44. RENNISON 19. ROBB 36. ROOKE Harold 36. RUDDELL 5.
S. SHANNON 28. SHERLOCK 28. Sheep stealing 33. SHERWIN John 34, 36. SIMS Rev. 36. SMITH 23 SOMERS 28. STANLEY 12. STOREY Herbert John 31. STUART Capt. 12. SWEETAPPLE 33.
T TEASDALE William 30. THOMAS Protector 1-2, 5. TUCK 5. Tubbarubba Gold Mining Co. 28. TULLIS Bob 36.
W. WALKER 33. WILCHER 26, 35. WILKO 19. WILSON 28. WITTEN 42. WOODWARD (Red Hill) 38. WORRELL 28.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 10 months ago


Why has this duty been thrust upon me? My neighbour has had dizzy spells so I spent some time with him, resulting in the need for another journal, despite the fact that I have the Red Hill Dictionary History, the Pioneers' Pathway and the Watson/Stirling on the go as well as so many other unfinished journals. Since 1988, I have been recording information that would otherwise have gone to the grave and there don't seem to be enough hours in a day!

Gordon Boyington's father, Alfred, joined the Royal Navy as a boy but when W.W.1 started he was too young to be allowed into combat. However he managed to rejoin using documents that weren't his. After he'd had three ships sunk underneath him he figured he'd used all his luck and transferred to the army. He hadn't used it all and managed to survive the carnage at Flanders. After he was discharged he emigrated to Australia, meeting Gordon's mother on the voyage out. Gordon was born nine months and a few days after their marriage.

Gordon remembers his time living in Aspen St, Moonee Ponds(Melway 28 H7.) as a four year old. Later they lived at Carrum Downs before moving to Daly St in Frankston and then Station St in the same town. He recalls that Cranbourne Rd was sealed as far as the cemetery and was just a dirt road thereafter.

The organist at the Church of England at Carrum Downs, Mr Hadwin, used to travel in his T model Ford car to houses in the area teaching organ, piano and another instrument.

Gordon's brother, Raymond, was a professional boxer, known as Snowy Boyd, who fought the Australian middleweight champion (NAME)four times during the mid 1940's. Gordon gave the sport a go too, the venue for their bouts being the West Melbourne Stadium in Dudley St, North Melbourne, near the railway bridge. I asked Gordon if he remembered Russell Horsborough, and the name rang a bell, but Russell probably fought under a ring name too. Russell used to live at 21 McConnell St, Kensington, two houses from me, and introduced me to boxing as a skinny 11 year old at the Kensington Police Club where I knocked a triple Australian champion off his feet: Frankie Flannery was probably affected by a liquid with an Arabic name at the time.

Gordon's brother, Raymond, was a very good horseman and was involved with a camping facility at Mt Eliza where suburbanites could live with nature. It was location. During the second world war, American servicemen were stationed at a girls' school near Mt Eliza; from Gordon recognising my description of Old Mornington Rd, I believe the school was Toorak College. The Principal of the college kindly supplied part of its history "The Echoes Fade Not" which states that on 15-4-1942, Colonel Davey of the Australian Army phoned to ask that the army's request to use the Toorak College property. On the last Friday of the term 1 vacation the Government revoked its decision to use the property which led to frantic activity notifying boarders' families that they could return and unpacking textbooks, crockery and photographs.
Despite this, Gordon insists that the college was used by the Americans, so a road trip will be necessary in order to clear up the confusion.

When Gordon spoke about Moonee Ponds, my thoughts turned to a book that the almost 100 year old Gordon Connor had given me in 1998. Called Memories, it compiled the life highlights of members of the St John's (Essendon) Friendship Club. Gordon's father was a bootmaker at Moonee Ponds, where Gordon C. was born on 17-7-1899. Gordon was married in the original bluestone St John's in 1927 and moved to Strathmore. He and his neighbours stared in amazement at the first brick veneer house they'd ever seen, expecting it to collapse. I'll let Gordon C. paint a word picture of the depression that Gordon B.'s parents faced.

"Depression days which were very sad for those out of work.Those of us who were working helped those who weren't so lucky. We formed a committee and every week bought groceries with the money donated. (The committee members) doled it out as evenly as they could." I hope there was a committee in Moonee Ponds too!

Gordon B. recalled the Moonee Theatre in Puckle St, where Gordon C. had seen his first film in 1912. Thank you Gordon Connor! Now back to Gordon Boyington, who will hopefully tell me more of the Moonee Ponds of his boyhood.

There are two very good reasons that Gordon can remember little else about Moonee Ponds. He was only about four and remembers only walking to the milk bar in Puckle St for a treat. Such treats would have been few and far between. Gordon's father was frantically looking for work as so many others were. Gordon went to live at Moe with a Scottish woman who had worked as a maid with Gordon's aunt. Her husband was foreman of a gang maintaining railway lines in that area. Younger brother, Raymond was taken in by a Protestant minister in the Moonee Ponds area.Gordon went to school at Moe for about two years, with his unofficial aunt's two sons (older than Gordon) ensuring that he did not get into trouble. The family was reunited when the chance arose to live on a big block on the Brotherhood Settlement at Carrum Downs.

Gordon remembers that at his eighth birthday party at Moe, he was dared to climb onto the table at his "aunt's" house. He fell of course, headfirst onto a cabinet and breaking his nose.

As soon as Gordon spoke of a scheme to settle jobless families at Carrum Downs, I thought of another book donated to me, this time by Steve Johnson, a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells. Called "Fishing, Sand and Village Days" it recorded the history of the Frankston area 1900-1950 and provided training to three long-term jobless people.

The Brotherhood of St Laurence Settlement at Carrum Downs (Melway 100 F-G 1) was founded in 1935 when Father Gerald Tucker initiated a program to move unemployed men down from Melbourne. Father Tucker also envisaged the settlement helping pensioners and in 1948 moved to the settlement to organise the transition.

Lois Lambert recalled that little, bespectacled, grey-haired Father Tucker was quite eccentric. He always wore little tight rings* around his legs and leathers, and used to walk in from Carrum Downs to Frankston. Lois was proud that she remembered this remarkable man so well. (*Probably metal bicycle clips.)

Harley Klauer lived near Seaford Station and his family used to send the big catches to Melbourne but after small catches of mixed fish Harley would put an angler's basket over his shoulder and tramp around the district to the far side of Carrum Downs. Harley remembered the Brotherhood bringing old houses from Melbourne and putting them on blocks in the bush for the poor people from Melbourne. He recalled children chewing crusts of bread for something to eat. (The idea was for the jobless to be self-sufficient but at this early stage vegetables, chicken etc weren't ready for the table.) Harley was so moved by the Brotherhood's work that he donated a whole basket of fish.

Lloyd Walton's brother was the manager of the settlement. After helping out during visits to his brother, he was asked to set up a dry cleaning factory to employ older residents, but it would have been too expensive. A while later he took on the maintenance on the settlement. LLoyd discussed the wood or coke stoves used for cooking, the oval portable galvanised baths and copper-heated water, the outdoor toilets, but this was the way of life for almost everybody, not just Carrum Down residents. A bright old lady started a kindergarten at Carrum Downs because the area lacked one. If someone's milk or paper hadn't been taken in, neighbours would always check if that person was all right. Once there was suspicion that Miss Vann might have had a mishap, and, the door being locked, Lloyd climbed in the window- to be confronted by Miss Vann and her rolling pin.
Loyd said that Father G.K.Tucker would have been able to inspire audiences to walk through brick walls, despite his stutter. Although he wasn't practical, Father Tucker was a dreamer, whose dreams always came true.
Father Tucker led by example and even refused invitations to tea because he'd then have to accept all invitations and would not be an example of the self-sufficiency he wanted the settlers to develop.

Miss Turner told of how Father Tucker had been appalled by the poverty in Fitzroy and obtained financial assistance from Mr Coles. The single men used to live in Kempton Court and then up in Cafeteria (i.e. Cox Court.) When the depression ended, men got jobs and moved away. She pointed out that Father Tucker would not suffer fools but regarded him as a saint.

Mr Lomax, Licensee of the Carrum Hotel, gave Carrum Downs residents their first experience of radio at the Carrum Downs school in about 1924. Carmen Tomlinson thought that they listened to 3AR and they probably did but the station probably had nothing to do with the A.B.C.* The letters stood for "Associated Radio", a firm whose transmitter and tower were in Airport West. (*At that time.) The radio concert appears to have taken place on Saturday, 28-2-1925.(P. 2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-2-1925.

Due to terrible headaches, Gordon is finding that memories come in flashes and often halt at the end of his tongue. However, he has drawn a map of the Brotherhood Settlement and described some nearby residents.

The entry road of the Settlement was most likely today's Tuxen Ave. Entering from Frankston-Dandenong Rd, Gordon would see, on his left, a dam which was built in about 1938, a vacant block, probably of one acre, and then a house occupied by Mrs Pope and her 13 children; Gordon thinks she might have been a widow.Then there was an elderly widow living on her own.

Gordon remembers a shop which was on the south corner of Tuxen Ave which opened about six months after the Boyington family arrived. Then there was vacant land and a track which may have been today's Weigall Avenue. On the far corner of this track lived Mr and Mrs Hadwin. Further on was another track heading south up a slight rise to a place where outdoor services were held in Summer. This track might have been Church Hill Crescent. There was a (describe) altar and concrete blocks for the worshippers to use as seats.

Mr Hadwin, the organist mentioned earlier, and his wife lived over the entry road from the Boyingtons' first house. Gordon used to walk, with billy in hand, to a dairy farm diagonally across Frankston-Flinders Rd from the settlement.

Two nearby farmers that Gordon remembers are Caine/Kane/Cain?) and Broderick. Caine's farm was near Amayla Crescent, west of Caine's Bend (Melway 100 D4.) Gordon was trying to pinpoint the location of Broderick's farm when I saw it: Broderick Rd !(100 E-F 3.) SEE BELOW RE CAINE AND BRODERICK.

The Boyingtons' first home was opposite Mr Hadwin's, their second on (Caine's?)farm, entered from Frankston-Flinders Rd and the third on the Settlement again but way back in the bush.

Gordon and Raymond attended Carrum Downs Primary School. It was a one-teacher school and the teacher, Mr Parker, wore a grey pin-striped suit.There are no prizes for guessing that the children referred to him as Nosey! Probably in 1938 a female assistant was appointed and took charge of the lower grades. Unfortunately Raymond was one of her pupils and when he undid his shirt to show what he had brought for "Show and Tell", she screamed very loudly at the sight of the blue-tongued lizard.

Jack Broderick of Carrum Downs came third in an examination for a Frankston High School scholarship donated by Dr Kennedy of Frankston. (P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 26-11-1926.)

John Leo Broderick, probably the above scholar, was to marry Irma Carmen Hayes of Elmore on 15-5-1943. (P.6, The Argus, 14-5-1943.)

Gordon remembers the Broderick farm being operated by two brothers. Their father, John, had died in 1927 leaving a widow, two sons and two daughters. (P.1, F&S Standard, 1-4-1927, OBITUARY.)

J. Broderick and S.Hadwin played leading roles in the Carrum Downs Concert Club's production of "Circus Days".
(P.4, Standard (Frankston), 2-6-1939.)

John Leo Broderick, dairy farmer of Dandenong Rd, Carrum Downs must have been a keen golfer but wasn't so keen on the vagrant who stole his clubs.(P.3, Standard, 3-4-1942.)

John's brother was probably A.Broderick of Carrum Downs who advertised 100 tons of 2 ft firewood for sale. (P.2, F&S Standard, 20-1-1939.

BRODERICK RD.-see above.
LATHAMS RD. Ashton Latham of Carrum Downs was a member of the Frankston Methodist Circuit Choir.(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 6-3-1936.) In a concert in 1925, the performers included Ashton, Misses D and V.Latham and Mrs Latham.(P.2,F&S Standard, 21-8-1925.)
BAWDEN ST. As well as being a frequent performer at concerts, Mr Bawden was the foundation secretary/ treasurer of the Carrum Downs branch of the Victorian Wholesale Milk Producers' Association. (P.4, F&S Standard, 8-8-1923.) Mr Bawden was probably Hubert Bawden, but may have been his father, Mr J.Bawden who had died before Hubert's marriage in 1927. (P.4,F&S Standard, 9-9-1927.)
COLEMAN RD.Masters Jack, Arthur and Alex Coleman's recitations and Mr Bawden's usual mandolin solos were some of the items in a concert reported on page 4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 22-10-1924.
Mr Coleman attended the meeting to form a local branch of the milk producers' association (see Bawden.) Mrs G.Coleman was passing Latham's farm on the way home from Seaford when a gunshot (to frighten off birds)spooked her horse which resulted in Mrs Coleman and her younger son being thrown from the cart and rendered unconscious; while the son recovered quickly Mrs Coleman was unconscious for some hours.
HALL RD. It is possible that this road was named after a Frankston councillor because the surname has not been mentioned in articles relating to Carrum Downs.



When the councillor, who helped me with an attempt to ensure recognition of David Mairs and Edward Louis Tassell, tells me that he is related to Portsea pioneers and arranges an interview with his relatives "now", there is no delaying, no matter how many journals are currently in progress.

The councillor's oldest connection with Portsea is through Alex Watson. LIME LAND LEISURE (the history of the Shire of Flinders) has considerable information about the Watson brothers on page 42. Henry and John Watson had visited the Diggings but fishing was in the blood of these sons of a Bannf fisherman and they commenced operations at Weeroona Bay between 1860 and 1862.

Henry built the first hut on the beach at Point Franklin, then known as Quarry Point. John built a house on the beach under Policeman's Point but soon moved to Point Franklin. Charles Hollinshed said that two houses were later built but my notes are unclear about which brother built them and when. A stranger arrived in 1862 and it took some time before the two Watsons recognised their younger brother, Alex. When the Watsons arrived, their only neighbour was Dennis McGrath whose house was on the cliff top near the Back Beach Rd corner.

The surname "Watson" is mentioned on pages 34, 41, 44 an 50 of RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667.

June Opie is my main informant regarding locations and anecdotes in this journal, with older sister Gladys Helen Pittock introducing a new anecdote every time I thought we had finished for the day, licking my lips at the prospect of a 3p.m. lunch. The two have another sister, Betty Rose Broderick, who was not visiting Gladys on the day.

The three sisters were the only children of William Alfred Stirling who was born at Portsea in 1895. Known as Bill, he married Amelia Martin who had come to Portsea from Bendigo in 1916 at the age of 12 with her parents, Sydney Martin and Emma Jay (nee Stanley).

Bill Stirling's parents were John (Jock) Stirling and Helen Smith (nee Watson), the daughter of Alex and Alice Watson. Alice Watson's maiden name please, June. Jock was a sailor and was on his second voyage to Australia aboard the "-------" when he sought his discharge papers which are dated --------.

Although there were not many rate payers in 1864, the rate collector forgot all about the Watsons. It was all to do with the stupid idea of listing ratepayers alphabetically instead of geographically. The advantage of the latter method is explained in the ASSESSMENTS entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

In the 2-9-1865 assessments, Watson (no given name) was assessed on a hut on Crown land.For the next three years no member of the Watson family was assessed. The records presented to Council on 4-9-1869 showed that John Watson owned the house and town lot(nett annual value 5 pounds) that he was occupying in the Point Nepean Division. The 3-9-1870 rates show that the house consisted of two rooms and the land of one acre but the owner column was blank throughout. By 1875, John Watson was still the owner and occupier of the house and land at Portsea but it now had a NAV of 7 pounds Alex Watson was assessed on 1 acre ** roomed house, the * being dittos that had been disguised as mini blots to hide the rate collector's uncertainty; the property was owned by Alex and was given a nett annual value of 6 pounds.

In the 27-6-1878 record, occupations were noted. John Watson, fisherman, still owned the same property at Portsea but the NAV was now 8 pounds, a minor increase. However it seems as if a later huge jump in value was caused by a mistake or a bloke called George Morse! Alex Watson was described as a hotelkeeper and we are left to assume that the "building" on one acre at Portsea was actually a hotel. (At one stage Dromana had two hotels and three hotelkeepers; perhaps they played "Musical pubs"!) This was the original Portsea Hotel, of which June has a photo, and its nett annual value was 40 pounds, which indicates it was slightly less elaborate than George Assender's Arthurs Seat Hotel (NAV 60 pounds including 5 town lots) and far less so than the Dromana Hotel (12 rooms and 110 pounds in 1864, 17 rooms and 170 pounds in 1886).

The 31-7-1880 assessments show that the nett annual value of the acre block and building owned by fisherman, John Watson had jumped from 8 pounds to 50 pounds, ten pounds more than Alexander's Portsea Hotel! By 27-7-1882, this valuation had dropped to 40 pounds probably adjusted by the revision court following a protest. A year later the only Watson recorded was John J.Watson Jnr, labourer, 1 allotment and building, Sorrento, NAV 5 pounds.

In 1886, Alex Watson was assessed on the hotel whose nett annual value had risen to 52 pounds, perhaps this included a post office and store nearer the pier.John Watson, fisherman was assessed on 2 allotments and buildings at Sorrento (NAV 35 pounds.)Joshua Watson, grazier, was leasing 195 acres Nepean (parish) from W.A.Blair (possibly south of Rye township but more likely on the north side of Melbourne Rd between Tarakan St and St Pauls Rd); he was more likely related to the Watson, after whom a street in Mt Martha was named, that bought Hearn's Mt Martha Estate at about this time, than the Portsea/Sorrento fishing family. James Watson, a plasterer, was assessed on an allotment and building at Sorrento, with a nett annual value of 10 pounds, that he owned.

After being assessed on the hotel once more (16-7-1887), Alex had an allotment and building at Portsea (NAV 30 pounds) in 1888; as a fisherman again, an allotment and building, Sorrento (N.A.V. 10 pounds) in 1889 (while John, fisherman seems to have bought (lots) 5-10, of an unknown section in Sorrento Township I suppose, with the high NAV, for land, of 70 pounds. It was hard to be certain where Alex had his land because its location often alternated between Sorrento and Portsea, the latter in 1892. Perhaps he sold the Sorrento building blocks to build his Portsea house. June told me that John had sold the Portsea Hotel and gone back to fishing, and it seems to have been in the boom year of 1888; W.H.Sweetapple seems to have been assessed on the Portsea Hotel in 1891 and may have been the buyer.

John (Jock)Stirling, who married Alex Watson's daughter,Helen, seems to have arrived in late 1891 or early 1892, being first included in the 1892 rates, described as a labourer and assessed on 1 allotment and buildings at Sorrento (NAV 10 pounds). In 1893, Jock's details were unchanged and Matthew Watson was assessed on a house on an acre block, while James Watson, plasterer and John Watson, fisherman also had houses at Sorrento on acre blocks. Matthew Watson, hotelkeeper, now had 1 allotment at Portsea, with the building on it actually called a hotel!

The final microfiche inspected (before I came blind because of the diluted ink due to the depression) indicates that by 13-9-1899 James Watson had died because Mrs James Watson was assessed on the plasterer's one lot and house, Sorrento (NAV 10 pounds.)Jock Stirling had moved to a lot and house at Portsea (NAV 10 pounds).

There will be more rate research post 1900 and it will be interesting to see how long Alex and Watson take to acquire their dairy. Now for some anecdotes and a bit of detail about landholdings which has been considerably lacking so far.

Alex Watson built the original Portsea Hotel but later sold it and returned to fishing. Alex and Alice also had a store and post office just east of the path to the Portsea pier. They had a dairy extending from Ocean Beach Rd to Franklin Rd and straddling Martins Lane (whose name probably bears some connection to the maiden name of William Alfred Stirling's wife Amelia.) The south east corner of the dairy is indicated by Ibis Way and the north west corner was the south side of the bull ring.

The what? The bull ring was the oldtimers' name for the Portsea Recreation Reserve, incorporating the Percy Cerutty Oval.Bulls are most upset with any other bulls that enter their territory. There was one at the Quarantine Station and another at Sorrento and one day while strolling they came upon each other in a swamp in a fairly deep depression, resembling an amphitheatre. A battle royal ensued and everyone knew where the bull ring was from that day forth! Now you do too!

THE MAD COW.(Circa 1940.)
There was another swamp on the dairy farm too. The three Stirling girls were catching tadpoles in what is now the Portsea Lagoon Wildlife Sanctuary when oldest sister Gladys proclaimed that her little serfs should go to get a jar to put them in. Alec and Alice Watson patted the calves on the head rather too vigorously and they tended to die leaving a lot of surplus milk to sell, which made Alec and Alice very happy. Unfortunately it seemed to make the calves' mothers very upset.

You know how it is when you're in a bad mood; anyone within range becomes a target, no matter how sweet and innocent. I'm sure June will be happy with the description of her nature but a cow whose baby had died that morning was in a paddock that June and Betty were crossing and she was a very very bad mood. June managed to dive through a wire netting fence just in the nick of time and Betty,,,,,,,,,,,(in the swamp?)

THE MAD HORSE.(Just after W.W.2.)
Jim Wishart managed a store at Portsea for Stringers and used to deliver with a horse and cart. It was a very nice cart but the same compliment did not apply to the horse. Single-hoofedly he smashed three carts to bits. He used to graze on the bull ring and the kids took a very wide detour.

The Portsea school site is now occupied by the Ramler Mews dwellings.

The larger swamp, west of Ibis Way, was partially filled in by Ray Skelton who earned a living removing green waste, bricks, soil and other material.

Jock Stirling's limestone house, built by George Morse on the south east corner of Blair and Back Beach Rd (Melway 156 E3) is still standing.

Here's a question to ponder. Why did Sorrento resident, Jeff Robinson, use the brand name Franklin for the caravans that he manufactured?

Extract from website THE PORTSEA CAMP.
The camp's first permanent structure - 1870
The site of the Portsea Camp was well known as the home of the Scotsman, John Watson. A somewhat garrulous man, who had migrated from Scotland , he built a small fishing hut just off the point. Local holiday makers were never impressed by the structure which, they felt, disturbed the view and the ambience of the nearby bathing boxes.

Over the next few years John Watson's brothers arrived from Scotland and by about 1873 the family had built a small limestone house on the beach. The 'Commondant's house' was built by Frederick Rose, who established the School for the Deaf in St Kilda Rd.

Eunice Watson supplied information about the old days in the following article.
Shifting sands
Author: Dugald Jellie
Date: 20/01/2012
Words: 3337
Source: AGE
Publication: The Age
Section: The Melbourne Magazine
Page: 36
Portsea, Australia's richest postcode, is where old traditions and new money come together every summer, not always happily, writes Dugald Jellie.

Auctioneer Warwick Anderson found a spot in the sand. A crowd had gathered on a hot January afternoon in 2011 for his day's last job: selling a sun-pinched timber boatshed in the dunes of Shelly Beach. Most came barefoot, strung in towels, limbs bare and salted from insouciant days of dipping in turquoise brine. Up for grabs was a prized heirloom - S27A, a bathing box, on stumps, shrouded by tea tree. A who's who of locals arrived, many with chequebooks in their swimming trunks. "It's a question of supply and demand," says Anderson, of the spectacle of finding market value for these bijou seaside boxes. One had sold nearby for $455,000. Rumours were rife a new record was on. "It's petty cash for these people."

Coastal wattle spread on the dune, pigface flowered pink. Anderson, in short sleeves, took an opening bid of $300,000. Before him stood an array of Melbourne's merchant princes, industrialists, the idle rich, on a lustrous shore where, in dusk light, the city gleams on the horizon like a faraway jewel. After more than an hour, the auction's penciller had recorded 127 bids. The gavel fell, applause rang out. The boathouse had sold for $585,000, about $18,000 per square metre and the price of a decent family home in a Melbourne suburb.

This is how it is in Portsea - the country's top-earning postcode by taxable income. A geographical and demographic full-stop put on the map in 1842 by James Sandle Ford, an emancipist and homesick English lime-burner who built the first pier and planted the area's first cypresses, it's an end-of-the-road cul-de-sac where not a penny's pinched, where neighbourly squabbles make the news, and where the beautiful and the damned mingle each summer in an epic narrative of privilege, social hierarchy and just a little tattle about what Lindsay Fox has gone and done next. Children's footfalls slap on grey-weathered jetty planks; whoops and squeals punctuated by baritone splashes. A blonde woman parks her black Porsche Cayenne with personalised number plates. The pock pock pock of a tennis game floats over beds of flowering agapanthus. Electronic surveillance is on continuous loop. Vast properties step down the slope like hanging gardens laden with fruits of abundance. Some homes are as big as office blocks. A clear footprint can be seen from Google Earth: most blocks have the powder-blue oblongs of a swimming pool, and judging by the number of lurid green rectangles, it could be true that Portsea still has more tennis courts per square kilometre than anywhere else in the world. Land values on the cliff, on the bay side of Point Nepean Road, the most sought-after stretch of real estate in Victoria, start at about "five something" - as in $5 million (and the rest), according to local Kay & Burton agent Liz Jensen.

Year-round locals have for decades quietly observed the comings and goings. "It was them and us," recalls Eunice Watson, 87, who long ago married into the Watson family who, from 1862, were the first fishermen of Portsea. "Those people with all the big homes were the people with money from Melbourne. They would keep to themselves."

This paragraph is included to put Eunice's next comment into context.

"Our children were terribly lucky to grow up in Portsea," says Judy Matear, whose father-in-law in 1927 bought the fashionably chic Hotel Australia on Collins Street, and 20 years later bought Ilukya from Vacuum Oil boss Harry Cornforth. They hosted lavish parties, all smoked salmon and ostrich plumes, with patriarch Fred Matear taking whisky and sodas in his white silk pyjamas and pith helmet. Judy's son Rick, an artist currently exhibiting at Manyung Gallery in Sorrento, remembers his neighbour "showing me an Arthur Boyd hanging over the fireplace. He told me stories of Boyd and John Perceval going down there to do paintings for their parents. He said John once borrowed the car and dented it, so to pay he gave them the painting." Penleigh Boyd, father of Robin, joined Arthur Streeton in painting Portsea, filling canvases with loose plein-air brushstrokes that distilled the area's luminous northern light and its thick blanket of tea trees and moonahs. White limestone cliffs and the knuckle of Police Point are recognisable in one work, but the two fisherman's shacks and staked fish pens by the beach have long since gone.

"They caught salmon and mullet and bay trout that would come in shoals, hundreds of boxes worth," says Eunice Watson. She moved to Portsea in 1947 to marry fisherman Frank and lived on the beach in the fishing cottages Boyd had painted, with no running water, kerosene lamps and a wood stove to cook on. In those days, the couta boats weren't rich-kid playthings - they were used by fishermen scooting through the Heads pursuing barracouta. Harold Holt, who wasn't yet PM, bought fish from them on the beach. "On the Sunday he drowned, I was going to tennis," Watson recalls, "and he waved to me as he was driving past."

The article went on to discuss the "new money" families and their houses.

The Watsons were well represented in this premiership team! S.Martin might have been related to the Stirlings. Fishermen played in the Rosebud team as well; the Burnhams had moved from Sorrento onto the Hindhope Estate a decade earlier and one of the Aldersons, being a Carlton supporter, suggested a change to the Rosebud Football Club's present jumper after their first season in 1929.


W.Jennings (Rosebud) won the toss and sent Portsea in to bat.


W.Watson caught Stevens bowled W.Jennings 20
J.Watson caught R.Gray bowled W.Jennings 2
F.Goss caught W.Jennings bowled H.Head 5
J.Knight bowled W.Whitehead 42
E.Howard bowled W.Jennings 1
J.Foran bowled Stevens 21
N.McKinnon bowled R.Gray 5
A.Knight bowled W.Downie 15
S.Martin caught W.Burnham bowled L.Cairns 5
J.Murray run out 4
M.Watson not out 1

Extras 4

Total 128

No bowling details.


H.Head bowled J.Knight 0
D.Cairns run out 0
W.Whitehead bowled J.Knight 7
W.Alderson bowled A.Knight 4
W.Downie bowled A.Knight 5
Stevens bowled A.Knight 2
W.Jennings(c) not out 6
W.Burnham bowled J.Knight 2
E.Inglefinger bowled J.Knight 0
R.Gray bowled J.Knight 0
L.Cairns bowled J.Knight 0

Extras 8
Total 34

J.Knight 6/7 A.Knight 3/11


W.Watson caught D.Cairns bowled H.Head 68
J.Watson caught L.Cairns bowled W.Jennings 4
F.Goss caught W.Burnham bowled H.Head 5
J.Knight bowled W.Jennings 17
E.Howard not out 16
J.Foran not out 49
N.McKinnon caught W.Burnham bowled H.Head 7

Extras 7
Total 5/173

W.Jennings 2/18 H.Head 3/53
PORTSEA WON BY 94 RUNS ON THE 1ST INNINGS.(Rosebud Cricket Club website.)

This hut under Point Franklin, probably built by H. Watson later passed to W. White.
This caption appears under a picture of the hut partly obscuring another picture (of limeburners at work) in a
book about the Officer Cadet School. The picture can be accessed by entering "watson, white, cadet school, portsea" and clicking on CHAPTER 4, THE ENVIRONMENT.

A letter to the editor from Henry Watson was on page 7 of the Argus on 29-1-1877. He explained that they made only tuppence (twopence) a basket from their fish and enclosed an account of sales made on Alexander's behalf.
Henry was living at Portsea. I don't know if Alex and Henry were fishing at The Sisters with John who supposedly moved his operations there in 1873, according to LIME LAND LEISURE.

The engagement of Valda Milne and Lance-Corporal Gordon Watson,elder son of Mr and Mrs W.J.Watson of Portsea, was announced on page 8 of the 4-7-1940 Argus.

The weather was probably warm on that November day in 1928, but young George Alexander Watson probably regretted having ever been on the beach on that day.(The Argus 10-5-1929, Page 15.)

Messrs Watson and McLeod took their friends on an outing by road to Dromana, everyone meeting at Mr Watson's hotel at 8am. (The Argus 14-9-1893 page 4, PORTSEA.)

I think the hotelkeeper would have been Matthew Watson, who was assessed on the hotel (nett annual value 60 pounds) in 1896-7. Alex (Alec) Watson, who built the (original) Portsea Hotel apparently drank a fair proportion of the profits and was forced to sell the hotel to his brother John, according to June Opie. Going by rate records, Alec built the pub after October 1875 and a fair time before June 1878. He must have sold a great number of baskets of fish (at 2d a basket) in 1876-7 to build the hotel. It is possible that John Watson was still the owner of the hotel in 1893 and installed Matthew as the licensee, but there is no mention of a hotel in connection with either in the 1-8-1893 rates.Perhaps the assessment was McLeod and Watson (under M rather than W.) Mr Watson was still running the Portsea Hotel in December, 1905 and applied for a reduction of the valuation from 65 pounds to 50*. (Mornington Standard 12-12-1895, page 2, LICENSING COURT.)

Why did they travel by road? Perhaps the "White Road" had just been made. For over a decade the local lime trade had been a shadow of its former status, with provision of firewood for Melbourne's households and bakers' ovens taking over as a source of income. Abandoned kilns were dotted everywhere, with spoil around them, which the shire used to make the beach road and some others. Although they were as smooth as a baby's bottom, they were slippery at times and fragments could damage hooves. Ray Cairns added that once they started to break up deterioration was rapid.

* Lugger Jack Clark wanted the value of the Mornington (now Koonya) Hotel at Sorrento halved from 100 pounds but would have been pleased with 60 pounds.The licence of H.Levy for the Nepean Hotel (on the site occupied by modern shops across the road from the present Portsea Hotel)was renewed; a photo of the Nepean is on one of the websites mentioned, probably the Cadet School one.

Miss Annie Watson was a scarlet lady (sorry a black and scarlet lady), those being the colours of the attire she wore to the concert/ball to raise funds for the Roman Catholic Church.Miss Watson (Portsea) wore black with green trimmings. (M.S.31-8-1899 P.3.) Annie was living in "Franklin" (House) in 1910.

The engagement of Monica Frances Watson,youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs F.H.Watson, to J.V.Horskins was announced.(Argus 1-3-1941 P.9.)

How did Rex Watson of Portsea come to marry a Slocombe girl from Tyabb? (Standard, Frankston, 5-3-1943, P.1.)

In 1934, Watson and Hill, footballers from Portsea, were showing impressive form at Essendon. (Argus 6-4-1934 P4.)

The following comes from page 4 of the Argus of 17-2-1934 when Victoria was preparing for its centenary and interest in history was at an all-time high.


The Centenary year is, perforce, turning one's thoughts to the pioneers of the State, and articles such as "Portsea Recollections," by Mr. J. C. Fitchett, last Saturday provoke discussion and reminiscence.

The name of the late Alexander Watson, the pioneer of the beach fishermen, as Mr. Fitchett calls him, conjures up the picture of a fine type of settler. Strong, keen, courageous, full of fun, interested in all members of the families of Portsea, he would sit in his little snow-white cottage or lean over the gate talking of his beloved Portsea and his experiences, and impressing the third generation with his remarks, especially when he referred to a little chap's grandfather, for whom he had a great regard. Mr. Watson had a remarkably clear memory and a ready wit. He told an interested little audience how In May, 1862, he left London for Sydney in the Aberdeen ship Jason, commanded by Captain Stewart, who later commanded the Catherine Adamson, which was wrecked Inside Sydney Heads about the time of the wreck of the Dunbar on South Head, when the sole survivor was taken up the cliff by a rope. The voyage out took three months, at the end of which Watson stayed with Captain Stewart for a few weeks before coming to Melbourne by steamboat and landing at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) Railway Pier. Watson brought a message from his home town, Banff, Scotland, where he spent his youth fishing with his father at Whitehills, to Mr. William Adamson, whom he sought and found in Melbourne, and during a long chat Watson spoke of going down to Point Nepean to join three brothers who were already fishing at Quarry Point, now called Point Franklin,


A heavy smoker, Watson was keen on growing some tobacco, although he did not know anything about its culture. Mr. Adamson supplied the seed, and Watson left Melbourne by the small steamer Vesse, running once a week. On September 10, 1862, he landed at Weeroona Bay and found his way up through the scrub. The only signs of settlement were a tiny fisherman's hut on the beach, a stone house on the cliff belonging to Mrs. McGrath, sen., and a small enclosure with a scrub fence. He cleared about 40ft. of this, the ground having been dug, possibly, once before, scratched it over with his hands and feet, mixed the seed with dry sand, and put it in broadcast, raking it over with a bush. It grew well. By the end of March, 1863, it was 6ft. high and looked splendid, and later it was cut. About the beginning of April Watson left with his brothers for Westernport for the winter fishing. They landed at Crib Point, about four miles from Hastings. Halfway between Crib Point and Hastings was a small island called Koola mada, leased by Mr. Rogers, a sheep and cattle owner. He had about eight acres of tobacco already cut, and he was well satisfied with his crops for several years. In 1864 the Watson brothers returned from Westernport to Portsea, and later they were joined by two others. At Weeroona Bay the fishing had been begun by Mr. Inglis, who left for Queenscliff about this time, and Alexander Watson bought the shingle cottage on the beach. Later he pulled it down and built the white limestone cottage, still standing, in its place. At that time Mr. Walker was superintendent of the quarantine station, with Mr. W. Anderson as handy man. One of his daughters married Watson in 1865, and the small cottage on the beach near the cutting was their first home. Not far from this was the limestone kiln, on the cliff, the remains of which may be seen to-day, from which lime was sent to Melbourne.

About 1869, four years after his marriage, Mr. Watson selected a site from the Government on which to build a home. To prepare for this he set about planting fruit trees, but he found about 3ft. below the surface limestone rock. For three winters he worked at getting out the limestone, and then, having obtained bags of lime from the kiln, ho got Mr. George Morse, of Sorrento, to build for �24 four rooms. Mr. Watson was induced to let his house for a month in the summer at �4 a week, and during that time took his family back to the beach cottage. The next year he built a bar and applied for a licence, calling tho house the Portsea Hotel. He remained as proprietor till the bursting of the boom, when the mortgagee sold him up, and he returned to the little white cottage on the beach and took up his fishing again. Here he died in 1924, but his sons, Mat, Alex, and Frank, with their families, still live in Portsea and carry on the family tradition.

N.B. I changed Mat to bold type. No wonder they call it TROVE!

The wife of Mr Watson, fisherman, of Portsea, committed suicide yesterday by drowning herself in an underground tank. (The South Australian Telegraph 14-12-1885 P.5, COLONIAL TELEGRAMS.)

Messrs. Watson Brothers, fishermen, of Portsea, had a most successful haul on January 22, just inside the Heads, when they landed fish enough to fill 300 baskets. The fish were of a kind called salmon trout, and the value of a basketful is about 8s.(The Australian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil, 21-2-1874 P.206.)

After age is the spouse's name and extra information from the headstone. Many thanks to Julie N. for her tireless work on cemetery records, including photos of headstones.
STIRLING William Alfred b1895 d1964 Amelia par John D. & Helen Stirling
STIRLING Amelia b1904 d1981 William A. par Sydney & Emma J Martin
STIRLING John died 19/9/1976 79 Alma M. par John D & Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Alma Mary .. 16/7/1983 79 John par George & Mary Jennings
STIRLING E.A. .. 1/11/2004 79
STIRLING Gordon Douglas .. 23/7/1974 80 Esther A.M. par John D.Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Esther Annie May .. 2/8/1985 83 Gordon D. par John & Maby Sullivan
STIRLING Helen Smith no dates d1948(cd) 79(cd) John D. par Alex & Janet Watson
STIRLING John Douglas no dates Helen S
STIRLING Agnes .. ?/11/1913 21 par John Douglas & Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Alex .. ?/2/1914 10 par John Douglas & Helen S Stirling

Because of additional headstone information, I could not fit each entry into one line as above.
WATSON Daisy Clarke 25/6/1889 30/1/1988 Charles Eric Charles E b1893- d1941,mother to David and buried with daughter Shirley Balfour,
WATSON Garry b.26/1/1944 d.15/11/2004 Linda father to Rosemaree,Michelle,Debbie
WATSON Janet .. 24/?/1908 60 Alex .C.
WATSON Henry Edward .. 28/4/1977 Gladys
WATSON Gladys .. 22/7/1998 Henry E.
WATSON Robert (Patrick) b1946 d1981 35 mother Nellie
WATSON Peter Graeme .. 24/5/1985 par Harry (dec)Gladys,bro to Paul,Michael,Jann
WATSON Marion Elizabeth 2/9/1977 93 buried with par Edward & Sarah Williams *& sis Helena Myers
WATSON John d. ?/8/1906 74 Annie buried with children Henry,David,Jessie
WATSON Annie .. 27/8/1928 84 John par John and Annie Sullivan ,buried with children Henry,David,Jessie
WATSON Henry .. ?/10/1922 buried with par John & Annie Watson
See Henry's death notice and Janilye's comment.

WATSON David .. 12/10/1925 49 buried with par John & Annie Watson
WATSON Jessie .. 6/8/1948 75 buried with par John & Annie Watson
WATSON James George .. 16/12/1946 64 Lucy E. par James G & Margaret Watson
WATSON Lucy Elizabeth .. 26/12/1979 87 James G. par George & Elizabeth Hill
WATSON John George .. 4/8/1947 34 par Hy & Marion E Watson.buried with Ethel R.G. Street
WATSON Richard Alexander b.27/9/1918 d.4/1/2002 83 Ursula father to Garry,Donald,Brian
WATSON Catherine Ann d.11/8/1952 72 par James G & Margaret Webster ,buried with Albert E & Mary A Whitmore
WATSON Alfred Henry d.6/6/1968 75 par James G & Margaret Watson,buried with bro William R Watson
WATSON William Roy d.24/5/1974 76 par James G & Margaret Watson,buried with bro Alfred H Watson
WATSON Margaret d.?/4/1925 65 par William & Catherine Watson,buried with daughter Alice M Hosie
WATSON Alan W. d. 25/6/1970 51 Joan L
WATSON Joan L. .. 30/10/1980 Alan W
WATSON Maie Alice .. 15/4/1944 William J mother to Gordon & Alan
WATSON William J. .. 5/9/1949 Maie A. father to Gordon & Alan

Holiday maker, William Watson, was swept off rocks and drowned while fishing at Sorrento's back beach. He could have been a member of the pioneer family but is not listed above.


Believed to Have Been Drowned.

�.ORRI MO iuesdiv (SORRENTO,Tuesday.- Henry Witson, a fisherman, M cnt(went) out m (in) his bo it (boat) eirli tins (this) morning. Sonic (Some) time later the Hutchins Urotlicri (brothers) who weie anchored in the South Ch iniiel tish inn (channel fishing);, F.W(saw) a bo-it with the sail set dinting (drifting). They went after it and found there was no one in it. Ihcj took it ni tow ind brought it into Sorrento and advised the police who sent out word to the different stations on the coast.

A strong southcrlv breeze sprung (sic) up and it is surmised that Watson wis struck. by the boom and knocked overboard as his lines were over the side and a fish ivas on one Imp (line). Owing to the strong soutlierlj bieczo the body mai. be found on the eastern shore between Mornington and Frankston.
(Argus 20-12-1922, Page 21, FISHERMAN MISSING.)

(I hope you enjoyed solving the little mystery which proves that computers have no right to be labelled SMART! TROVE relies on people to correct errors produced in digitising of newspapers.I can't copy and paste the actual article so I copied the digitised version. So it could be read at all, I fixed it in places but you might get an idea why I get a headache from deciphering rate book entries.)

Several drowning accidents during the Christmas holidays are reported to have occurred in Victoria.
A man named Alan McDonald was drowned inthe river at "Wurruk; two brothers, Reginald and Norman Swaine lost
their lives in a boating accident at Geelong; Alfred Watson while holidaying at Sorrento was swept off
some rocks and caught in a whirlpool and drowned.(Sunday Times, Perth 3-1-1926 Page 3s.) The Brisbane Courier of 30-12-1925 stated on page 5 that the drowning took place on the morning of the 29th and the victim's name was Alfred William Richmond Watson. His wife had been holidaying with him.

MORN1NGTON LICENSING COURT, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13; 8ti::"(1887) - Before Messrs. Hare (Chairman), Shuter and Alley, P.M's. . . A. Watson of the Sorrento hotel, applied for transfer of license to W. H. Sweetapple . No appearance of the applicant, and Police Inspector Scanlon stated the application had not been received in time to be heard and the case was struck out.(South Bourke and Mornington Journal 21-9-1877 Page 2.)

WEDDING. WATSON--MAYNARD. On Wednesdays 26th June, Christ Church, Drouin, was the scene of a very pretty wedding, when Mr Charles William Watson, of Sorrento, was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with Miss Minnie Maynard, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Maynard, of Drouin. (West Gippsland Gazette 9-7-1912 P.7)

From Jas. Watson, Sorrento, explaining his reasons for not proceeding with his contract for maintenance metal, Portsea road; and requesting return of his deposit. (Mornington Standard 7-12-1893 P.2.)

A satirical article, on page 3 in the Border Watch (Mt Gambier)of 20-1-1886,has a swipe at Land Sharks and mentioned that the Minister of Lands tried to deprive Watson, the fisherman, of his selection at Sorrento.

On page 13 of the 1-12-1936 issue of The Argus, the Sorrento correspondent reported that Mrs S.Hosie, a daughter of old Sorrento residents, the late Mr and Mrs James Watson, had died.

WATSON, John Thomas - On February l8 (suddenly), at his residence, Darebin, St Paul's rd , Sorrento, beloved husband of Jane, loved brother of Chrissie (Mrs W Newton, Portsea), aged 75 years

WATSON, John Thomas. - On February l8 (suddenly), at Sorrento, son of the late John and Anna Watson, formerly o� Franklin House, Sorrento, loving brother of Chrissie (Mrs W Newton).
(The Argus, 19-2-1953 Page 15.)

DARK. �On the 20th June, at her late residence, "Glenroy," Sorrento, Rose, dearly beloved wife of W. A. Dark, and daughter of Annie and the late John Watson, Sorrento, aged 35 years.
(The Argus 27-6-1908 Page 13.)

At the Shire Council meeting of 27 Sept., a letter was received from Hill and Watson, cancelling their sanitary contract at Sorrento. (Mornington and Dromana Standard 2-10-1909 Page

MELBOURNE, Wednesday.
A whale and its calf appeared at Sorrento, the well-known watering place at the Heads recently, and the calf was captured, Great efforts to catch the whale are to be made with a special harpoon to be fired from a rifle, and to be constructed by a local blacksmith.

A whale and calf entered the Heads about 10 days ago (the Register's Melbourne correspondent telegraphs). Today several fishermen again went out and endeavored to capture them. Mat Watson, accompanied by an
old whaler named Emanuel, got close up. . Emanuel poised a harpoon, hewn the whale calf rose under the stern,of the boat, the shock throwing the 'occupants "down. Watson, however, harpooned" the" calf, which was subsequently towed into shallow water near Rye. " The calf is 21ft. long and 8ft across the tail. The whale, having lost the track of the calf, has been going at a tremendous pace up and down the bay between Sorrento and Rye. The whale was nearly 80ft. long, and is what whalers call a "Californian grey," one of the most dangerous kind. (Barrier Miner, Broken Hill, 31-8-1892 Page 3.)

HUSH -On the 10th November at St Vincent's Hospital, Alice May, dearly beloved daughter of the late James George and Mararet Watson of Sorrento, loving sister of Kitty, Jim, Mary (Mrs Whitmore! Charlie, Louie (Mrs J.Hosie), Alf and Willie, and mother of Harold, aged 47 years -RIP. (Argus 21-11-1936 Page 7.)

The digitised version of the following death notices in the Argus of 23-12-1922, has been corrected so I assumed a Watson descendant was responsible but it was janilye. See comments.
WATSON-On the 19th December at Sorrento(accidentally drowned) Henry, dearly beloved husband of Ruby, loving father of Maudie Nellie, Harry, George, Nancy and Dick aged 51 years.

WATSON. On the 19th December at Sorrento (accidentally drowned) Henry dearly loved eldest son of Annie and the late John Watson of Sorrento loved brother of Margaret (Mrs Russell) Lily (Mrs Macfarlane-sic) Rose (Mrs Dark, deceased) Jessie, David, John, Annie (Mrs Riley) William and Christina (Mrs Newton) aged 51 years.

WATSON. -On the 12th October (suddenly, from heart failure) David second dearly beloved son of Annie and the late John Watson (Sorrento), loving brother of Margaret (Mrs. Russell), Lily (Mrs. Macfarlan), Henry (deceased) Rosa (Mrs. Dirk deceased) Jessie, John, Annie (Mrs Riley) William, and Christina (Mm. Newton), aged 49 years RIP. (Argus P.17, 17-10-1925.)

COOPER-HOSIE.-VX107939. Pte. Harold James, died of wounds, New Guinea, September 21, 1943. dearly loved foster-son of the late Mrs. Alice M. Hosie, much-loved foster-nephew of the Watson family, Hotham road, Sorrento, aged 21 years. -R.I.P. (Argus P.2, 21-9-1944.)

The engagement is announced of Miss Clare "May (Maisie)Gardiner, eldest daughter of.Mr and Mrs J. Gardiner, Melbourne road, 'Frankston, to Mr Robert Watson Riley, youngest son of Mr and. Mrs J: Riley, Portsea road, Sorrento. (Frankston and Somerville Standard P.4, 15-7-1938.)

In concluding my information about the Watsons of Portsea and Sorrento, I must make mention of their involvement in the sporting activities of both such as cricket, football and athletics (one member of the family being a good hurdler.)

P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 22-6-1923. STIRLING-SULLIVAN. Gordon Stirling married Esther, daughter of Mr and Mrs Spencer Sullivan. (The Sullivans were pioneers at The Heads in 1843.)
P.8, The Argus, 2-8-1949. SANDERSON-STIRLING. Alexander, only son of Mr and Mrs J.Stirling, Dundee ,Portsea, married Catherine Jean, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs W.Sanderson of Sorrento.
P.3,The West Australian, 21-4-1944. Jock's adopted daughter became engaged to a West Aussie boy. This is just another example of sweethearts being found far from home during wartime, whereas they were usually neighbours or former schoolmates.
P.10, The Argus, 6-5-1944. MERRYWEATHER-LYONES. A short engagement! Their future was possibly in the air!
(Come on itellya, don't be so obscure! All right, they were both in the air force and were probably being posted to different stations.)
P.9, The Argus, 3-11-1954. SAD MEN OF THE SEA. Photo of Archie Knight, Jock Stirling and Frank Watson. No wonder mention was made by Frank Watson's wife (earlier in this journal) of animosity between the moneyed cliff top dwellers and the hard-working fishermen. Their nets had been ruined with acid and their look-out tower smashed with axes.
P.4, The Argus, 11-9-1941. The death notice for Matthew James (Barney) Stirling gave much information about family members. Barney, son of Helen and the late John Douglas Stirling died at 28 and was described as a patient sufferer.
P.24, The Argus, 19-3-1951. A.Stirling was one of a small group of lifesavers which rescued nine people dragged out to sea by a powerful undercurrent.
P.4, The Argus, 10-2-1934. PORTSEA RECOLLECTIONS. Much information about the Watsons and Stirlings. Jock had the contract to carry supplies to the South Channel Lighthouse.
P.13, The Argus, 9-11-1912. John and Helen's second daughter had died.
P.13, The Argus, 31-8-1918. POLWARTH. Two death notices were inserted for George Polwath, killed in action in France, by the Stirlings. He was an esteemed comrade of G.D.Stirling and possibly the sweetheart of May Stirling who inserted the second notice.
P.3, The Argus, 5-3-1956. Sam Stirling, captain of the club's surf boat crew was watching from the top of the clubhouse as his friend was taken by a shark.


13 comment(s), latest 1 month, 3 weeks ago


When I was trying to find details of John (Peter) Shand's marriage to Mary (nee Hope, widow of John Huntley), I came across the Dromana Historical Society's PIONEER PATHWAY page. I thought it would be of benefit to write a few details about each family. In accord with my policy of not regurgitating history that has already been written, notes about these pioneers will be brief summaries, referring readers to sources that have extensive detail.

ADAMS Henry Everest and Eliza 1845.

Captain Henry Everest Adams was born in 1816 at Ramsgate in Kent to John Adams and Mary Susannah (nee Masterman.) The lad's second given name was the maiden name of his maternal grandmother. Young Henry was christened at Gravesend, Kent on 11-12-1818. The family legend had it that Captain Adams was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian but it proved that the association between the Adams family and the aristocrat involved delivery of supplies to the Navy in Canada.

Henry went to sea at an early age. He proved to be a willing sailor and after several years was put in command of a ship which sailed all over the world, trading with eastern countries, England and eventually Australia. On one of Captain Adams' trips to England, he married Miss May of Kent (more likely eloped!) Some relatives knew her as Aunt Polly.

They set sail for Australia and on reaching Swan River, they anchored for a time while a son was born. The captain named him Robert Henry. This was about 1835 we think as he was 99 when he died in 1934. They proceeded after the birth to Port Phillip where the captain operated vessels to eastern countries for some time. He applied to the New South Government for a grant, and receiving it, transported his goods and chattels to the site in 1842.

The Huntley family believes that John Huntley Snr received a grant of 208 acres in 1848, but in the cases of John Huntley and Henry Everest the arrangement with the Crown was probably a depasturing (squatting) licence. It is possible that sight surveys had been done on the peninsula to settle the boundaries of Runs there. During such surveys certain land had probably been suggested as possible sites for future townships. The prospect of Dromana Township taking up much of their Arthurs Seat Run was probably the reason Andrew and Georgiana McCrae handed it over to the Burrells.

The Burrells bought the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right in about 1851, most likely because their depasturing licence had been cancelled and selection of the surveyed land was to begin. On a map of Wannaeue showing early selections along the Bay coast between the Burrell land and Boneo Rd, only one Crown Allotment was blank. This was C.A. 20, bounded by The Avenue,Cape Schanck Rd and Parkmore Rd (Melway 158 J12.) In just one advertisement found on trove, this was later described as Wannaeue Village.

Adams descendants talk of a property of 750 acres. I believe that one of Henry's children had kept a document detailing the 750 acres for such certainty about its size to exist. Crown allotment 20 only consisted of about 100 acres. In the first available rate record, Henry Everest Adams was assessed on a 7 roomed house and 191 acres. The house was on land he did not own, at Adams' Corner (Wattle Place) but he did own 191 acres. This was Crown Allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue and granted to Isaac White. In Harvey Marshall's scrapbook in a copy of an indenture involving Henry, his wife and Isaac White concerning a property at Port Melbourne. I believe that Henry and Isaac White were very good friends and that Isaac selected C.A.19 to keep an eye on Eliza while Henry was making his trading voyages.

If the captain did indeed have 750 acres at one time, it probably consisted of the future Wannaeue Village, the owned 191 acres of C.A. 19 and Crown Allotment 32 (A, B,C etc) on the north side of Hove Rd, a total of 727 acres,the missing 23 acres probably accounted for by construction of The Avenue, Wattle Rd and portion of (the present) Bayview Rd. An indication of familiarity with allotment 32 is that an application by Robert Henry Adams (the lad born at Swan River) for a licence to occupy about 44 acres of allotment 32, subject to special road condition,was approved on 1-12-1881. This 44 acre block, 32D, became 41 acres 3 roods and 18 perches, the now-closed road taking 1.993 acres. Back Road Bob Cairns bought much of 32 Wannaeue and this may have caused the animosity of circa 1906 between the two families related to the flooding of Hobson's Flat Road and Robert Henry Adams' assault on Cairns and his son.

On 27-11-1863, the captain was granted crown allotments 5 and 6, section D, Dromana Township, consisting of 36 acres west of Towerhill Rd, whose north west corner was just south of the hairpin bend in Melway 159 E11, which ran south to Arthurs Seat Rd, including the present Nestle Crt. The ownership of this land passed to Nelson Rudduck when the Captain moved to Sth Melbourne at the urging of Robert and his "gentlewoman" wife.

On 6-12-1866, the Captain was also granted 56 acres in the parish of Nepean, being Crown Allotments 73 and 68, south of Melbourne Rd between William Buckley Way and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 C12.) He didn't retain this land very long, selling sold it to Duffy.

The Captain established his Vivyan Vineyard on 19 Wannaeue and possibly near the summit of Arthurs Seat; his son obviously kept the vineyard in production. According to Rye pioneer William Rowley, Bob Adams' wine was a shilling a bottle and after two glasses you would be climbing a telegraph pole, but they couldn't get enough of it in Singapore. The advertisement for the 36 acres on the mountain(circa 1880) referred to Henry's period of residence (not indicating an 1842 arrival) but this may have meant since he had quit the sea or obtained the grant.

Captain Henry Everest Adams is supposed to have beached the Roseanne and built his house from its timbers. Was the 7 roomed house of 1864 the original cottage or the extension built by Henry and Robert? A fort was being built at Pt Nepean to repel feared invaders and the Governor made frequent trips there to inspect progress. Governor Hopetoun often stopped at the Adams' guest house so it became Hopetoun House. There were some aspects of hospitality offered that did not please the Adams women who later renamed it Merlyn Lodge.

Henry and Eliza Adams only had two children, Robert, and Emma who was born on 14-7-1842 in Adelaide. Emma was thought to have died in childhood but Len Williams discovered that she had married Charles Edward Tyler Barton in Melbourne in 1861. Their first child, Charles Henry Barton, born at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) in 1863, returned from New Zealand after his wife and child died and married Emily Mary Nash.

Robert Henry Adams married Mary Jane Hopcraft who, being a gentlewoman, could not tolerate the captain's seafaring ways (wine, women and song with the odd naughty word or two might be an accurate estimate) and when he offered his grandchildren a taste of his Vivyan Vintage that was the last straw. She refused to live in the same house as the Old Salt.Robert, 28, and Mary, 19, had married in 1873, but by 15-12-1877 he was at Robert Anderson's Barragunda having his application for a licence (for allotment 69 in section A of the Parish of Balnarring) witnessed. It was actually 69A Balnarring of 93 acres 1 rood and 22 perches (Melway 190 E9) which was sandwiched between the grants of William Hopcraft (190 F 9) and John Hopcraft (190 D7.)

When Henry moved to South Melbourne to stay with friends, the Mullens, Robert and Mary returned to Hopetoun House. Details of their offspring follows but beware of accepting the place of registration as the locale in which the birth took place. Henry Vivian (b. 1874 Dromana, married Sarah A.H.Morgan at Mornington 1897.); Mary Emma (b. and d.Dromana 1876.); Eva Helen Mary (b 1880 Dromana, married George Freeman 1903 Dromana.); Mary Jane (b.1882 Dromana, married Thomas Hall.); Mary Helen (b.1884*, married Ernest Lesley Harvey in 1907); Robert William (b.1886*, married a Pain girl, then a Hall girl.); Sarah Mabel (B.1889*, known as Mabel, married Keith McGregor.); Edith Rosa (b.1891*, married William Reeves 1914.) * = Tootgarook.

People cared for each other in the old days and if families were in trouble, such as the Connells near Red Hill or the Singletons of Dromana, there would be a benefit concert to help them.However tensions sometimes occurred, such as the feud between Robert Henry Adams and Back Road Bob Cairns which caused flooding of the Hobson's Flat Road near the corner of Hove and Bayview Rd. (The road to Cape Schanck, now called Bayview Rd, was known as the back road by locals but the council obviously called it Hobson's Flat Road.) These extracts from my SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD explain the reason for the road name and the feud.

Because Anthonys Nose jutted out into the bay, travel to places west of Arthurs Seat was mainly done on vessels. Even after a road was cut around The Rocks in the 1860s, much of the transport was by ships because the roads were poor but Jack Jones At Rosebud and the Rye school often waited for supplies such as food and fencing timber when sailing conditions were unsuitable.
The first European in the area was John Aitken, a pioneer west of Sunbury, who had to swim his sheep ashore when the ship was wrecked near Dromana soon after Melbourne had been settled. Not much later, Edward Hobson took up a run near Safety Beach but soon after moved to the west side of Arthurs Seat, Maurice Meyrick settled at Boneo for a short time and Jamieson at Cape Schanck, also briefly.
If the sea was calm, travelers could get around Anthonys Nose on the sand at low tide. On his way to Boneo, Meyrick had a snooze as he waited for low tide on one documented occasion. If the sea was rough, they would use the back road. Those headed to Cape Schanck would head inland on a track now followed by Latrobe Pde and follow the present freeway course across the Government Road (Jetty Rd) to another Government road (Browns Rd) and then head due south past George Smiths Wooloowoolooboolook homestead, which according to Georgiana McCrae, when writing about the lost Cain girl, was six miles from her homestead and thus near Patterson Rd. According to Spencer Jackson (Beautiful Dromana 1927), Smith was related to Captain Hobson by marriage so he was probably indirectly related to Edward Hobson. Those heading to Rye could take two other government roads (Browns Rd and Eastbourne Rd) to head west.
This road was known as the Back Road, thus giving Robert Cairns his nickname, Back Road Bob. It was not until I came across the articles that I found that the council referred to it as the Hobsons Flat road. My knowledge of the farms of Robert Cairns and the Adams Corner family (as detailed in two other side projects, Talking History with Ray Cairns and Adams Corner) enabled me to specify that Hobsons Flat Road was the Cape Schanck road and to identify the part of this road (etched on the cover map) where crossings 1 and 2 were located.

I will leave you to read much of the detail about the Cairns family in Peter Wilsons The Cairns Family of Boneo. In brief, Robert Cairns settled at the north east corner of Boneo Rd and Browns Rd in about 1852. He was joined two years later by his brothers, David and Alexander, their passage probably assisted by the income that Robert had made from his lime-burning. Roberts in-laws had settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name, and Mary Campbell, who came out with Robert (possibly acting as a nanny during the voyage) found work with the Burrells at Arthurs Seat, where she met Edward Williams who arrived on a survey ship in 1855 (possibly with Sidney Smith Crispo) and they later married. Robert Cairns later moved in the 1870s to a farm called Maroolaba near Patterson Rd in the parish of Fingal, which was bounded on three sides by Patterson grants. This farm later passed to his son, Hill Harry who married Michael Cains daughter, Mary Agnes, and was the father of Ray and Charlie, both of whom were born at Grandma Nevilles in South Melbourne.
Alexander moved across Boneo Rd in 1870 to the grant he received with Amos, who according to the late Ray Cairns was a relative who never came to Australia. Two of his sons were Eleanora Davey and William who bought land on the west side of Boneo Rd near the beach and leased land near Chinamans Creek to the market gardening Wongs, who were so fleet of foot on the football field. Dalgleish Ave would have been named in honour of their Aunt Janet (below.)
David was paralysed when he fell from a vehicle and helped as much as he could with a guest house that Janet (Dalgleish) ran at Flinders. Three of his sons married daughters of old lime- burner, Edward Russell; they had probably attended school at the Boneo school at Blacks Camp near the Cape Schanck turn off. His son David (Blacks Camp Davey) farmed near this turn off and another son, Henry (Carrier or Rabbity Harry), who farmed in the same vicinity, carried passengers, fish and rabbits to the Mornington railhead. (James Campbell Williams, the son of Edward and Mary, known as Jimmy the Squid, performed the same function from Rosebud West.) Due to the Flinders connection, the family was linked by marriage to the Boyd, Symonds and Haddow families. The two sons most linked with Rosebud were Rosebud Ted and Back Road Bob. Edward married Elizabeth Bucher (from an early Rosebud Fishing Village family of which members farmed at Boneo) and in 1916 received a grant bounded by Jetty, Eastbourne and Hobsons Flat Rds. He had been involved on Woolcotts subdivision by 1910, and according to the aforementioned plan of early Rosebud, lived across McDowell St from the Safeway entry, next door to William Patterson, who married his daughter, Ruby, after his first wife, Roberts Margaret, died in 1920.
Back Road Bob(1848-1937), one our combatants in the shovel trouble, who married Annie Symonds, settled in 1877 on the Back Road. This was probably on 32b of 108 acres, for which he received the grant on 23-12-1887.He extended his grants to the east, purchasing 32 in 1901 and 32g in 1906, most likely having also held these two parcels on licence since 1877. Peter Wilson called his house Tornvilla but I believe this is a mistake caused by the illegible scribble produced by many shire secretaries. Both rate books and family notices call it Fern Villa. After an initial subdivision of Back Road Bobs land, the one acre block on which the house stood was again subdivided as the Marina Heights Estate. The spelling of Cairn Rd is probably due to the same brain-dead moron who decided that Edward Williams Eastbourne was to be now 17 William Cres., but that Browns Rd should retain the possessive s, the removal of which is what I believe was the purpose of the exercise. See Shire of Flinders Heritage Study, part 1, page 369 re Tornvilla (sic.)

That there is any history of Adams Corner is due to the lady that runs the Mens Hairdresser shop next to Hendersons Real Estate. Somehow the subject of local history came up and she showed me the plan of Early Rosebud. The next time I saw her, she had remembered who gave it to her, Harvey Marshall. What a wealth of material Harvey gave me to work with!
Although Adams Corner has been done for ages, three details have yet to be sorted out. Firstly when Henry Everest Adams arrived in Rosebud, secondly why crown allotment 20 Wannaeue was not open for selection and thirdly why family legend speaks of a 750 acres grant, when there were only about 290 acres in crown allotments 19 and 20. All three mysteries might be solved when Harvey obtains a document said to be in the possession of family members. Harvey calls it a grant and says that it was given for services rendered to the Government but I believe it was a special long term lease (licence).
The Dromana Historical Societys Pioneers garden near the old shire hall gives Captain Adams year of arrival as 1845 but its submission for the naming of a park in the area states that he arrived in 1839-40. He was said to have beached his vessel and used its timbers to build his cottage. I believe that Crown Allotment 19 was bought on his behalf by Isaac White, who was obviously a good friend. Part of crown allotment 20 was subdivided by the crown as Wannaeue Village in about 1877 and this (and perhaps a long-term lease) might be why the land was reserved from selection in the 1850s. The land that Back Road Bob selected might have been part of the land that Henry had been occupying and this could help to explain the ill-feeling that came to a head by 1904; it is interesting that Cairns settled on his land in the same year that Wannaeue Village was put up for sale.
It is likely that Henry combined trading with places such as Singapore with his agricultural pursuits and brick- making on the peninsula. One of his products was wine from his Vivyan Vineyard and he couldnt sell it in Melbourne but Singapore couldnt get enough of it. One of the pioneering Rowleys described it as a very potent brew. The Captain bought 36 acres (lots 5 and 6 of Section D, Dromana Township as shown on the following map) and 56 acres (crown allotments 73 and 68, parish of Nepean) on the south side of Melbourne Rd between Mission St and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 D 12.) He sold the Nepean land to Duffy before long but held the Dromana land until the former Miss Hopcraft laid down the law to Robert Adams. Henrys son had married her in 1873 and she had refused to live in the same house as the captain. He had given up the sea but not his seafaring ways.
Wine, women and song! Perhaps we should also add swearing and violent temper. The wine we already know about, but Roberts wife was appalled when he insisted on giving his grandchildren a taste. The Hopcrafts hailed from the north end of Tucks Rd and were probably part of the strong Methodist presence in Red Hill and Main Ridge. By 1877, Robert was applying for a licence for land between that of William and John Hopcraft. That he did not get the grant is probably due to the fact that the captain finally got the message and moved to South Melbourne to live with his old friends, the Mullins. Women! One of the prominent guests was the Governor, Lord Hopetoun, and the guest house was named Hopetoun House in his honour. The same name graces Harveys front gate in Wattle Place but the women of the family hated it and renamed the house Merlyn Lodge. You see, some of the female employees were not there to clean, cook or serve at table; they satisfied the gentleman guests in other ways. I have no evidence that the captain sang but the connection between drink and karaoke is fairly strong! The Captains temper is part of the family legend and despite his sons upright character, the assault on Robert Cairns son, Godfrey, in 1905 shows that he was at least a splinter off the old block!

The other players in the drama.
William Henry Hobley seems to have grown up in the Mornington area, A Richard Hobley was badly injured there in 1872 as a 13 year old. He received his grant in Hove Rd in 1890 and a bridge (probably opposite the tennis club site) became known as Hobleys bridge. He was unjustly accused of causing the drainage problem as shown in the following articles. He obtained licences for 3 and 9 passenger stage coaches in 1895 and won the Dromana- Mornington mail contract in 1902. It is possible that he lost this contract after 1904 and by 1910 was farming near Leongatha. A John Lima Moraes, who might have been a son in law, farmed his land for some time. He committed suicide by drowning in a waterhole. His widows executor was sub inspector Frederick Hobley, who might have been his son. Frederick was in 1938 put in charge of the detectives training course. With personal expertise in photography and ballistics, he headed up the police scientific branch.
Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck was one of the early permanent settlers on the peninsula and had been a member of the Road Board in the 1860s. He seems to have been a well-informed councillor but was eventually rejected by ratepayers because he came across as a bit of a know-all. He attempted to regain a seat in three of the ridings but was defeated at each attempt. He still gave his advice whether it was wanted or not. As he lived near so many of the Cairns family, it is no surprise that he took Back Road Bob Cairns side in the dispute.
NOT ALWAYS ROSEY AT ROSEBUD! Strangely, a period of intense disharmony involved three families which were not only neighbours but were also involved in the conveyance of tourists, from the steamers that disgorged them at Dromana, to Rosebud and places such as Cape Schanck. Also involved were Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck and the shire engineer (who served in the same capacity at Mornington Shire.)
Peter Wilson said that Back Road Bob Cairns sons were engaged in conveying passengers. Bobby Adams was described by Isobel Moresby as one of those who waited at the Dromana pier for the steamers (with Lord Hopetoun the Governor, his most famous passenger) and Hobley had obviously been at it since 1897. It is likely that Robert Adams and William Hobley were mates and that both were annoyed by Robert Cairns water diversion, which flooded Adams land and brought unwarranted blame onto Hobley. Anderson had been a long serving councillor and criticized plans for the drainage of Hobsons Flat. As many of the Cairns family, such as Blacks Camp Davey, Hill Harry and Rabbitty Harry, lived near Anderson, and were probably his friends, he failed to mention that Back Road Bob had caused the problem but Hobley made sure that this fact became known and that he was not responsible.
In early days, the Rye directory referred to the Swamp Village 6 miles east of Rye. My measurements in Melway indicate that this was near the lighthouse. Many creeks arose on Arthurs Seat and flowed to Westernport or Port Phillip Bay and they still exist but those that flow through Hobsons Flat are now underground drains, some under roads. The Avenue was Adams Creek and to the west were Eeling Creek which passes under the car park east of Tom Salt Reserve, and Peateys Creek which runs under Mitch Laccos statue near Murray Anderson Rd. The Drum Drum Alloc Creek flows west through Rosebud West producing the famed Tootgarook Swamp before emptying into the sea. Due to poorly defined channels and the mouths often being blocked, the flats could become very soggy and unsuitable for farming.
The Hobsons Flat (Cape Schanck ) road had been formed in the early days with two crossings over Waterfall Creek, the eastern called crossing 1 and the western number 2. The road could be none other than Bayview Rd at about Melway 170 G2 and the creek the one that now goes underground at Hove Rd near the gazetted cemetery (tennis club.) The Hobsons Flat drainage issue was discussed at the council meeting reported on page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 13-5-1897. Adams had been offered permission to cut a drain from crossing 2 (which Cr Anderson said was the natural flow) to crossing 1 (obviously on his own land WNW of the road) but he had refused.
Crs Clark and Baldry moved that a drain be cut on the east side of the road at council expense to carry water to crossing 2 and despite Andersons claim that it would create a chasm on Robert Cairns frontage and probable litigation, the motion was carried 5 to 3. Anderson claimed that a notice of motion should have been required, but the President, John Cain, said it was not necessary. Anderson then lodged a written protest. It is presumed that the issue had come to a head because water had backed up at crossing 2, because of Robert Adams dam, and covered the road. A council report (M.S. 12-3-1896 p.3) showed that Adams obstruction was causing the road to be covered with water for 200 yards. Andersons motion, ordering him to remove the obstruction and fill in drains he had cut on that road and The Avenue, was passed. This was despite Cr Baldrys comment that Mr Muntzs report, suggesting exactly what Clark and Baldrys motion (above) stated, was the best solution.
Anderson, no longer a councillor, wrote a letter (M.S.8-10-1904 p.5) which opened old wounds and inflicted others, earning him a new enemy, the shire engineer, H.E.Moors. He quoted from the engineers report that Adams had built a dam at No. 2 crossing 10 years before, that as no action was taken by council or neighbours, the matter was condoned and the statute of limitations applied. Anderson stated that the statute applied after fifteen years and it was doubtful that it applied to crown land and roads anyway. He said that council did not condone the dam but had sought legal advice which was that since council had not prevented Mr Hobley cutting a drain across a road higher up on the south west side, thus diverting extra water into Mr Cairns paddock leading to crossing 2, Adams had a right to block that extra water. He then mentioned that council had cut a drain from 2 to 1 on the lower side of the road causing an enormous chasm and that the engineer now recommended a similar drain on the upper side (on Cairns land)which would probably result in litigation from Adams (loss of water) and Cairns (chasm on his frontage.) Anderson said that the only safe and legal solution was to stop Hobleys diversion of water on the higher road.
A week later ((15-10-1904 p.2), Willam Hobleys irate reply appeared. I will give it verbatim, including the line that was almost illegible because of a crease in the page.

TO THE EDITOR. Sir, - Will you permit me to reply through your columns to Mr Andersons letter on the above subject. (William must have had a heading such as Hobsons Flat Drainage but the editor obviously deleted it, not realizing that the first sentence referred to it.) I would like to remind Mr Anderson that he was a very prominent member of the old Road Board in the early sixties, when the Hobsons Flat road was first formed. Now, Mr Anderson well knows that No. 1 crossing has not been allowed to do its duty for some time; the reason Mr Anderson well knows, viz., that Mr Cairns has blocked up the course to that crossing, by cutting a drain at an angle across the old water course, and turning the stream out at No. 2 crossing, also causing to be filled in the watercourse provided by the old Road Board (in the early sixties), thus preventing the water going to No. 1 crossing. Mr Anderson put the whole affair in a nutshell when he hints at the frontage to Mr Cairns house. This is the cause of the whole trouble. Mr Cairns is preventing the water taking its original course and as somebody must be blamed, Mr Anderson wants to make me the scape-goat for other peoples sins. Mr Anderson seems to forget that Mr Cairns had to admit, when asked by Mr Muntz, in the presence of ex- Councillor Bensilum and himself, that the water had always run in the creek known as Waterfall Gully through my land on to Mr Cairns land. Mr Anderson left, apparently fully convinced that I had not diverted the water. I only wish to add, in conclusion, that it is utterly impossible for me to divert water to No.1 or No.2 crossing as I do not own the land frontage to either crossing. Hoping this vexed question will be settled without fear or favour.- Yours, &c., WILLIAM HOBLEY. ROSEBUD, October 13, 1904.
Another week later (M.S. 22-10-1904 p.5.), there came a far more personal reply to Andersons letter from Henry E. Moors, the shire engineer. Before detailing his responses (including insults that he would not have dared to hurl at a sitting councillor), some background on the two shire engineers mentioned is necessary. Muntz was the Broadmeadows Shire Engineer at some time (which I can confirm when the publisher of Victorian Historical finally returns my material) and was criticized for performing the same function with several other municipalities at the same time as well as working as an architect. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.) He was the engineer in the mid 1890s when the Hobsons Flat drainage matter first arose. Moors was also the engineer for Mornington Shire and apparently lived in Mornington. Some West Riding councillors wanted a resident engineer living in Sorrento but it was pointed out by East Riding councillors that Sorrento was more distant from their area than Mornington.
Moors wrote two letters, the second in reply to one on the 15th from Robert Cairns, (who denied that he had exaggerated, accused Adams of causing the damage and called Adams an excitable little man), which probably led (along with the drainage squabble) to the shovel incident. Moors implied that Cairns had breached Adams dam. The second letter stated that Muntzs report of 29-2-1896 had cleared Hobley of any water diversion, countered Andersons claims and remarked that Anderson was not a lawyer, doctor, chemist, or a councillor despite his inflated opinion of his competence and had been rejected by ratepayers in one riding and then another. (Actually three ridings!)
Having diverted from a Hobley focus, I have decided to produce a booklet about Hobsons Flat drainage called SHOVEL TROUBLE FROM ROSEBUDS PAST and get back on track. This will include the case of Robert Henry Adams assault with a shovel (M.S. 5-8-1905, p. 5) on Robert and Godfrey Cairns while they took a short cut across Adams land. William Hobley, in an obvious effort to support Adams, said that he had seen notices forbidding trespassers crossing but changed his mind during cross examination.

Members of the family still live near Adams' Creek (The Avenue) a century and a half after Captain Adams' arrival.

ARKWELL John and Hannah 1862.
The Arkwells settled at Red Hill early and received grants for 12A and 12B Kangerong. Consisting of 143 acres this land is between Arkwell and Andrews Lanes (Melway 190 K 2-4.) The family pioneered the growing of strawberries at Red Hill. A photo of the Arkwell's packing shed is on page 73 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

BLAKELEY William and Martha 1865.

BUCHER Henry and Ann 1865.
Henry Bucher and his wife Ann ( nee White settled on the foreshore at Rosebud in 1863. Henry was from Boston, Massachusetts and Ann came from Scotland with her parents. (Rosalind Peatey said that Ann Bucher came from Clackmannon in Scotland as did the Cairns.) Henry built a cottage, probably wattle and lime daub) on his block on the west side of today's Bucher Place that he called Modesty Cottage. Their eldest daughter, Rose, was the first child born in Rosebud. Their second son, Sam, later bought lot 19, on the east side of Durham Place, from the grantee.(No Bucher was assessed in the 3-9-1864 rates.)

By 1919 Mrs Ann Bucher, who had apparently been a widow by 1900, was assessed on both blocks in the fishing village, Henry Bucher of Brighton on quite a few blocks on 17 Wannaeue (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk right through to Eastbourne Rd) and Samuel James Bucher of Mornington on 188 acres and buildings, crown allotment 1, section A, Wannaeue (Melway 170 F 12 south to Limestone Rd.) If I remember correctly, a member of the family ran the Mornington Sea Baths.

There is a photo of Henry and Ann Bucher on page 17 of Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

BURRELL Joseph, Charlotte and family 1851.
Visit the Burrell wing at the McCrae Homestead. There is a photo of the Burrell family on page 34 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CAIRNS Robert and Mary 1852.
See extensive CAIRNS detail under SHOVEL TROUBLE in the ADAMS entry.
Robert was intending to farm but found limeburning more lucrative and soon persuaded his brothers, David and Alexander, to join him at what became known as Little Scotland (Melway 170 B-C 10-11.) He had come out with Mary's parents, the Drysdales, who settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name. Another who came out with Robert and Mary, as a sort of a nanny, was Mary Campbell. On arrival she found work with the Burrells and when officers on a survey ship were invited to the Burrells, she met Edward Williams. They married and lived on Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd before Edward bought Eastbourne from S.S.Crispo.

Robert later established Maroolaba near Pattersons Rd in Fingal, later carried on by his son, Hill Harry, and his son, Ray, who died recently after making his last century. Descendants of the three brothers spread all over the peninsula; Doug Cairns of Mornington, who bought "Seven Oaks" at Bitten North, knocked around with one of Australia's greatest artists, Arthur Boyd, who developed his skills while living with his grandfather at 62 Rosebud Pde, Rosebud from 1936-9.

The Cairns families were linked by marriage with such pioneering names as Russell, Symonds, Patterson, McLear, Boyd, Haddow, Bucher, Cain, McGregor and Purves. As discovered in an interview with Ray Cairns ten days after his 100th birthday, Ray and Charles Cairn's birthplace is recalled by the name of a street on Owen Cain's "Tyrone" between Rye and Canterbury Rd. They were born at the home of Grandma Neville in South Melbourne; she was Michael Cain's mother in law.

Nicknames are very much associated with the history of the Cairns family. Their selection at Boneo at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rds was known as Little Scotland and an amusing tale (on page 98 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA) about a visit by George McCrae who was helping hawker, Charles Graves,tells of one of the many blond tackers having trouble cracking his whip: "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet."

I will leave you to read page 13 of THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO to find the nicknames used to distinguish members of the three families who bore the same names but I wish to comment on one in particular. Harry Cairns (son of David, born in 1861)ran a thrice weekly, two-horse coach service linking Fingal with the railhead at Mornington and Ray Cairns called him Carrier Harry. In describing the same details on page 52 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear called him "Rabbity" Cairns. True, Harry carried fish and rabbits to the railhead, which would have made the trip smelly as well as bumpy and slow, but it would have added to the confusion if one man had two different nicknames. It is possible that Rabbity was a nickname associated with Carrier Harry's oldest brother, James T.Cairns (1840-1829), who was employed as a rabbit inspector by the Department of Lands,with responsibility for the whole of the Mornington Peninsula.

See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO and the ADAMS entry for much more detail.

CHAPMAN George and Elisabeth 1859.

George Chapman (1829-1898) came to Australia in 1857 and arrived in Dromana five years later according to Colin McLear. Perhaps evidence has been found of an earlier arrival in the area. I believe that the founder of "Seawinds" might have been related to Nelson Rudduck's father-in-law, Fred Chapman, that he might have met Elisabeth Bain, whom he married, due to a connection with "Lochton" at Bulla, and that he or his descendants bought land in the triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Ave in Dromana; George, Thomas and James Streets could have been named after George and two of his sons.

Fred Chapman's haystack at the Saltwater River was destroyed by fire in 1856 after the Kay, Chapman and Caye grant on Tullamarine Island had been sold to the Faithfulls. A flour mill was built on Lochton in 1856 by David Robie Bain if my memory serves me correctly. (Fire-A Deamtime of Dromana; Faithfulls-titles information; Bain-"Bulla Bulla" by I.W.Symonds.)

In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of the family's Belmont guesthouse in Dromana on page 49 and James and Miss Janet Chapman on page 135.

CHAPMAN George and Isabel 1870.
I did a lot of assuming re the first George Chapman, but on a sound basis. Here I'm not so sure. Colin McLear seems to indicate, on page 83 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, that Henry George Chapman, a Dromana blacksmith, and his wife Isabel (nee Gibson, born 1865), were known to friends as George and Bella. The index wrongly states that Henry George is mentioned on page 58 but on page 63 we discover that he was the brother of Jane Sophia Chapman who married Nelson Rudduck. It is possible that he suggested Nelson's move to Dromana.

I believe that Henry George was related to the first George Chapman, whose sixth child, George Henry, born in 1873 only saw one New Year. Isabel actually arrived in 1865! An indication that Henry George was actually known as George is provided in the 1900 rates when George Henry? Chapman was assessed on 204 acres, Kangerong; the question mark being the rate collector's. James George Chapman, son of the first George, was assessed on
320 acres, 26AB, 27 Wannaeue (Sea Winds.)

The present Dromana Football Ground was practically donated by Henry George Chapman in a deal organised by Spencer Jackson. (P.181 of Colin's book and similar articles found on trove.) His blackmith shop is shown on page 59 of Colin's book.

CLEINE Charles and Elizabeth 1867.
See the CLEINE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

CLYDESDALE James and Julia 1860.
See the extensive CLYDESDALE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal. There are photos of James and Julia on page 157, and Bob and Jack Clydesdale (in Dromana's 1931 footy premiership team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CRICHTON John and Jane circa 1860.
The Crichtons established Glen Lee on the west side of Boneo Rd (opposite the Boniyong pre-emptive right) between Browns and Limestone Rds (Melway 169 J-K 12 to 252 J-K3.). There is a fair amount of detail in LIME LAND LEISURE but not about the other two parcels of land, also in the parish of Wannaeue, owned by the family. The 344 acres, bush paddocks, consisted mainly of 10B and 9B, of 314 acres, granted to John Crichton in the 1870's were located at roughly Melway 254 G2-4, south and east to Main Creek and Barkers Rd. The 678 acres, farmed by Alex Crichton, and granted to John Lovie, fronted Hiscock and parts of Truemans and Browns Rd (roughly Melway 169 E-H 8-9 and H-J 10-11.)

John Crichton did not settle on Glen Lee immediately. On 3-9-1864, he was leasing a house, outbuildings and 340 acres, Fingal from John Barker who still had his his 6014 acre run but was probably living in the house on the Cape Schanck Run mentioned in the 1902 article "Around Flinders." On 5-9-1865, he was assessed on 640 acres and an 8 roomed house leased from John Barker; this was the Boniyong pre-emptive right across the road from GlenLee for which he obtained the grant in the 1870's.
Catherine Crichton was assessed on the bush paddocks for some time. She probably did not live there as her gravestone at the Dromana Cemetery calls her Catherine Crichton of Glen Lee.

Members of the family mentioned in the 1879 rates were John senior and junior on 453 acres ( Glen Lee), Hugh on 314 acres (bush paddocks) and Alex on Lovie's. Lovie had probably moved because James Ford had taken him to court for digging ditches on the road.

Catherine Crichton had the bush blocks in 1910 but (perhaps because of her death, year not recorded), Arthur Glover of Auburn was assessed on them in 1919, while John Crichton was still on Glen Lee and Hugh Crichton was occupying 16 acres and buildings, 25A, Wannaeue, granted to him on 21-4-1911, at the south west corner of Glen Lee (roughly the private access road in 252 H3.)

The Crichtons remain part of the community and one member was heavily involved in the formation of the Rosebud Country Club (Birdies and Bogies, the Club's history, available at the Rosebud Library.)

There may be a family connection between the Crichtons and the exotically named Dolphins, among whose descendants there seems to be a current day cricketing legend. While researching the Balnarring Gibsons, I noticed a James Crighton Dolphin and wondered if his second given name had suffered the same mis-spelling in rate books as the Glen Lee family's surname.Then I found the correction to James Crichton Dolphin at assessment number 48 in the 1904-5 rates.

DYSON John and Mary Anne 1863.
The transition from "carter" to buslines seems logical. Terrific information in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, including a 1927 photo of the Panoramic Estate showing the remains of the Dyson orchard on page 188, a photo of the Dyson bus fleet on page 51, Bill Dyson and wife on page 85,.

GIBSON Walter and Margaret circa 1855.
Walter was an early tenant of the Survey and Walter St (160 B4) is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate (the survey except for Bruce's 1000 acres north of Martha Cove Waterway), purchased by the Gibsons. Walter washed his sheep in Sheepwash Creek and straightened the last mile of Dunns Creek which originally emptied into Sheepwash Creek. Walter later purchased William Cottier's grants west of Collins Rd(160 B-C 5-8) and established Glenholme. Much, much more in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are many photos of the Gibsons
and Glenholm(e)(P.82) in the book. It is possible that William Gibson of Red Hill was Walter's brother.

GIBSON William and John Thomas (Red Hill) 1871
As I have only transcribed parish of Balnarring rates in 1919, I can only presume that a grantee in that parish was William Gibson. W.Gibson was granted crown allotment 78A of 190 acres 1 rood and 14 perches on 22-7-1874. It had a 1116 metre frontage to the east side of Red Hill Rd and a 1018 metre frontage to the north side of Stanleys Rd (Melway 191 G-H 3-4 roughly.) Across Red Hill Rd was John Huntley's Hillside where William Joseph McIlroy worked from about 27-9-1877 until 19-10-1890. His diary entry for 16-6-1890 said that Mrs Gibson had died so it can be assumed that she was the grantee's wife. (Extracts from W.J.McIlroy's diary in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL.)
James William Gibson (1900, 1919) James Gibson (1910) and Thomas Henry Gibson (1900,1910)had land south of Arthurs Seat Rd near Main Creek Rd. They would seem to have been from William's family but I will not bother detailing the locations of their farms until the family connection is established.

There is no mention of Thomas Gibson in the East Riding assessments. I believe that he was William Gibson's younger brother or that like Henry George Chapman (known as George), John Thomas Gibson was known as Thomas.

William Gibson was at Red Hill before 1871.The Flinders Road Board was proclaimed in 1868 so the assessments of 8-6-1869 were probably the first. Interestingly they were recorded in geographical order rather than alphabetically. William Gibson (who supposedly owned the house and 190 acres he occupied), was followed by George Sherwood, house and 128 acres, Balnarring. The rate collector was heading north up Red Hill Rd.

The owner of 78A on the north corner of Stanleys Rd was William Gibson, and George Sherwood was the grantee of crown allotment 79B three years later and probably the owner condemned by Alfred Ernest Bennett for planting the fruit trees too close together in his 20 acre orchard. Bennett called his property Kent Orchard; The west end of Kentucky Rd starts near the north west corner of 79B but mainly bisects Sherwood's grant.

By 2-10-1875, William's house was described as having three rooms and it was wrongly recorded as still being leased from the Crown; it was granted on 22-7-1874. I guess William didn't tell the rate collector. Henry James Gibson, farmer, had 20 acres and a tannery in Balnarring (parish.) No connection with William has been found yet but could exist. The details for William remained unchanged on 31-7-1880 and 30-7-1881 but John Gibson was assessed on 187 acres leased from the Crown, in the parish of Bittern, east of Balnarring Rd. Occupations were now being recorded and William Gibson was a bootmaker, while John described himself as a farmer.

William's details remained unchanged in the 20-7-1885 assessments but there was no entry in the PERSON TO BE RATED column for the 187 acres, Bittern; however the rates were paid on 31-10-1885. What was going on?

On 17-7-1886, we see assessment number 41, Gibson William, owner W.Gibson, 190 acres and buildings, Balnarring but, above "William", John is written in small, faint script. This could mean that William had died(about four years before his widow, who as yet is nameless.) A year later, the assessment of 16-7- 1887 recorded John as the owner of the 190 acres. On the 30-9-1889 record the property had been split into two 95 acre halves on which John T.Gibson and William Gibson were assessed. I would presume that this William was of the next generation but I think that John T.Gibson could have been the same John who leased Crown land in Bittern.

This joint ownership continued but in 1909-10 John ThomasGibson, Red Hill, farmer, was assessed on only
55 acres and buildings,part crown allotment 78A, Balnarring, an entry for A.W.Farrell of Balnarring being squeezed in to indicate that 40 acres of 78A had been sold recently.William Gibson still had his half of 78A.
John Thomas Gibson must have been struggling. At the very beginning of the 1909-10 rates, and just discovered, is a letter to him from a solicitor saying the he'd been instructed to proceed against J.T. over 3 pounds 19 shillings and fivepence in unpaid rates.

There were no Gibsons in the last assessment on microfiche (1919-20)so I back-pedalled to 1917-8.
(A.N. 87),John T.Gibson, of Red Hill was assessed on 53 acres and buildings(obviously still 55 as (A.N.58) George C.Clark of Red Hill had 40 acres of that half)and (A.N. 213)Albert C.Ratcliffe of Red Hill had 75 acres of 78A. Having looked through the whole east riding record for any mention of 78A Balnarring, I believe that Albert had purchased the whole of William Gibson's 95 acre half of 78A.

John T. Gibson or William Gibson probably had a son called George. You will remember (I hope!) my rationale for assuming the Mrs Gibson who died in 1890 was the wife of the grantee of 8A Balnarring. W.J.McIlroy was working on the Huntleys' across Red Hill Rd. from the Gibson farm. Widow Huntley had married John (Peter) Shand and they had moved to Kentucky, 121 acres whose homestead still stands at 214 Dromana-Bittern Rd. The Huntleys' 105 acres 15B Kangerong was occupied by Carl Jaby Smith in 1919-20. See if you spot any familiar names in this notice from the Argus of 20-5-1930 (P.1, DEATHS.)

Deaths. SMITH. On 18th May at private hospital, Somerville, Annie Catherine, dearly loved wife of the late Carl C.Juby Smith,loving mother of Fred (deceased), Edgar (deceased), Charles (deceased),Caroline (Mrs George Clarke, Red Hill), Frances (Mrs Geo. Gibson , Red Hill), aged 76 years.( The funeral was to leave George Clarke's portion of the Gibson grant known as Rondebosch.)

George Gibson seems to have died in about November 1937, his wife and daughter expressing their thanks for the bereavement cards in the Argus of 20-11-1937. William Nicholas Gibson late of Red Hills, Dromana and Montrose died on the 23rd December, aged 81 at a private hospital at Hampton. (Argus 27-12-1919 p.1.) John Thomas Gibson had a daughter named Ruby Alice who died on 27-10-1890 at the age of 8. (Argus 29-10-1890, P.1.)
The GIBSON-ADAMSON marriage notice on page 17 of the 3-9-1927 Argus stated that Henry Gibson was the eldest son of the late J.T. and A.Gibson of Balnarring.

I am sure that I saw a newspaper article about Walter Gibson's brother,William finding a body on Glenholm while I was seeking other information but I have not managed to rediscover it. Walter's son, William, born in 1868, was probably named after him. Was the Red Hill pioneer Walter's brother?

GRIFFITH Abraham and Rebecca 1854.
Abraham Griffith, master of a whaler out of Philadelphia came to Victoria in 1854, supposedly bringing Watson and Bernard Eaton with him. Bernard, the gold mining brother mentioned by Colin, probably took off to the diggings fairly soon but Watson, Dromana's unofficial doctor until his death in 1877 (who did not have medical training as Colin suggested), farmed with the Griffith family on the Survey. In 1907 a local became very unpopular when he bid against the Griffith family for the old Griffith homestead block (lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision, Melway 160 H 3,4, part 5. bounded by the highway and Pickings Rd/Lane, with the non-historic Bluestone Cottage at its north west corner.) Watson Eaton selected 150 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd at the west corner of Eatons Cutting Rd and his executrix, Rebecca Griffith received the grant.
There is extensive detail about the Griffith family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA including photos of Jonah on page 35, John and Mary, Albert on page 71, Bert Griffith in the 1931 footy premiership team of 1931 on page 164, Ru Griffith in the Dromana Cricket Club premiership team on page 169.

HUNTLEY John and Catherine Evelyn (nee Hegarty)1851.
Bill Huntley insists that John Huntley Snr bought 208 acres in 1848 and even drove me into the northern end (just south of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve) to point out where the original cottage was. It is likely that John had land on licence from the Crown but it was granted to market gardener John Holmes (the northern 104 acres with a partner.) One of John and Catherine's daughters married Sir Thomas Bent and two of John Jnr's daughters lived overseas, one, a talented pianist and artist marrying a Spanish Count and the other, a journalist in America, becoming a great friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, who did not need to change her surname when she married!

Alfred Downward who established "Glengala" (Melway 162 F-G8) also owned land in Kangerong west of Junction Rd. When Alfred died in 1930, he left his land near Tubbarubba to his son, Herbert who habitually burnt off his Tubbarubba land every year. Often Percy Huntley and his sons, Arthur(killed in the war) and Bill would have to interrupt their fruit picking on "Rosslyn" to fight Herbert's out of control fires. (P.31 THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)


McLEAR Mary Anne and children 1851.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There are at least 15 photos of the McLears and Maryfield (P.100) in Colin's book.

McILROY William and Margaret 1862.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. There is a photo of W.J.McIlroy, taken when he was 86, on page 160 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. See the SIMPSON entry!

McKEOWN James and Catherine 1864
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Aringa, the family's gueat house in Dromana, on page 49, James and Catherine on page 86, the beautiful Eva and Gracefield, (where the family lived for a time after selling Glenbower at Red Hill) on page 87.

MOAT William and Esther 1864.
Colin Mclear must have seen a clearer Kangerong map than the one I possess as he gives the dates on which the 79 acres, bounded by Dunns Creek Rd, Harrisons Rd, the recreation reserve (one of Dromana's two racecourses) and White Hill Rd, was granted to William Moat. Colin also listed William's children and mentioned that Turnbull and Moat were building the Dromana Pier in 1874. However most of the references to the family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA concerned Bernard Eaton's gold mine. As there is not much information about the family, I'll see what I can do.

The first point to note is that descendants of pioneering families pronounce the surname as Mowatt. John Moat, with his brothers and the Clydesdale and Peatey boys, had gained valuable experience working at Bernard Eaton's gold mine on the Tubbarubba diggings not far east of Moat's corner and it is likely that he tried his luck at the Western Australian diggings during the depression of the 1890's. He died on 8-3-1904 at Dromana so there must have been some reason a death notice was placed in a Western Australian paper.(P.5, The Daily News, 25-3-1904.)

John's sister, Esther, died in 1941 at the age of 74. She had been the only (first generation) member of the pioneering family, after whom Moat's Corner was named, still alive. (P.4,Standard, 11-7-1941.)

Francis Edward Moat had died in 1939 and his death notice reveals that the family had arrived in the district of Dromana in 1855.(P.4, Standard, 16-6-1939.)Frank's death notice (P.8, Argus, 3-7-1939) shows that he was the youngest son of William and Esther Moat and the loved brother of Charles and Esther. (John was one of William's children, according to Colin McLear, but he had died in 1904.)

Esther Moat, former superintendent of St Mark's (C of E)Sunday School in Dromana, inserted a death notice for Roger Jones, killed in action, adopted son of Dr Weld and her former Sunday School student.(P.11, Argus, 2-10-1915.) The Moats had been involved with St Mark's from the beginning and helped in its construction.

In 1915 William Moat was awarded a contract to supply 50 yards of limestone near Rye for 14 pounds seven shillings and sixpence.

Extracts from the family connections entry in my Peninsula Dictionary History.
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. I suspect that the two families became acquainted through Ben Stenniken, Truemans northern neighbour on the west side of Truemans Rd. Stenniken often passed Moats Corner on the way to another property he farmed (151 A 12). Charles was farming at Moats Corner in 1900 but by 1910 was in Rye.
(See DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, and RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, Pages 27,35,47,52,54,55,61.)

William, son of Charles, who had moved to Rye, married Ada Campbell.
It is likely that Ada was a descendant of John Campbell who built the original Rye Hotel on crown allotments 6 and / or 7 of section 1 in the township of Rye. These allotments lay between points 60 metres east of Napier St and 100 metres west of Lyons St. He was in partnership with William Cottier who contributed the hotel licence and name, transferred from the hotel that he had operated at Dromana in 1859 (LLL). Campbell was also responsible for an early portion of the Rye Pier. Details of this Campbell familys involvement in Rye can be found on pages 20-22, 28, 31-2, 34-5, 40, 51 and 120 of Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School 1667.

The following genealogical notes come from Heather Spunner of New South Wales.
James Trueman, (grantee of land on the west side of Tuemans Rd subdivided by the Guest and Doig families, the Oceanaires and Almaray Estates) and Jane (nee Cook) had eight children, the fourth being Sarah, born in 1857. She married Charles Moat in 1891. She died in 1936 in Dromana.

Sarah and Charles had a daughter, Ethel Moat, who was born in 1892 and died in 1955 in Caulfield. She married Henry David Higginbotham Allison and they had five children (details available on request.)(Henry was almost certainly a relative of William Allison who ran the Arthur's Seat Hotel at Dromana in the late 1880's, after marrying widow, Catherine Wainwright, before returning to his trade as a blacksmith.This hotel, near the bottom of Foote St, was burnt down in 1897.)
William was born in 1895 in Rye and died in 1953 at Sorrento. William married Ada Elizabeth Myers in 1925 and they had three children , the third, Marjory becoming a champion athlete at school.

The third child of Sarah and Charles, Maud Myrtle, was born in 1896 and married William Benjamin Horwood in 1924. (I believe the Horwood family was mentioned in Jennifer Nixon's FAMILY CONNECTIONS: SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.)

Patricia Appleford states in RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 that there were four Moat children at the Rye school in 1905. Did Susan miss one of Sarah and Charles' children or was Frank there for work opportunities?

Now for the missing evidence in the Schnapper Point Murder; this case got its name because the preliminary trial was held at Mornington but the murder took place near Tubbarubba. The following is an extract from my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. The source was The Argus.

21-9-1874. Several residents near Three Chain Road were witnesses in the case of the Schnapper Point Murder. James Firth and his brother had come to see John and Agnes Wilson, who were occupying the Tuerong Station following Ralph Ruddells insolvency, to borrow some arsenic. James helped the constable to find the body. John McCusker, who was a sheep farmer living north of the two vineyards that are now located on Foxeys Rd, and his cousin, Peter Donnelly, were also key witnesses. Patrick Shannon was acquitted of murdering John Moriarty (Argus 19-10-1874.) One mystery that remained was what had become of some items that Moriarty was known to be carrying at the time of his death. The Hobart Mercury reported on 22-7-1895 that Charles and Frank Moat had found Moriartys watch and scales, but stated that if these items had been available at the trial, the verdict would have been the same.
Charles and Frank Moat owned land between Moats Corner and the racecourse (which is now a Recreation Reserve (Melway 160 H-J6.) By 1895 Charles had married a Rye girl and had become a Rye resident. However the depression of the 1890s was at its worst and the Moats (and Clydesdale and Peatey lads) were probably working on the Tubbarubba diggings for Bernard Eaton (the mysterious Mr Eaton mentioned by Colin McLear and C.N.Hollinshed.)

Now just one more job to do for our pioneers, the Moats. The digitised version of Sarah Moat's death notice is a mess..... Having fixed the digitised text I can now paste it here.
MRS. S. MOAT The death occurred on Sunday of Mrs. Sarah Moat at her residence at Rye. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs True- man, were among the early settlers of the district. Mrs. Moat was an ard- dent supporter of the Church of Eng- land. She leaves a husband, a son and two daughters. The funeral took place on Monday. On its way to the Rye Cemetery the cortege stopped at the Church of England where a ser- vice was conducted by the Rev. ? Hughes who also officiated at the grave. There was a large attendance of mourners. The casket was carried by Messrs W. Horwood, W. Moat, D Allison, ? Allison, J. Allison and C. W. Myers. The pall-bearers were Messrs R.Allison, S. Townsend, R. J. Myers and ? Myers. Mr Hector Gamble conducted the funeral.
(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 7-2-1936.)

It was no wonder Sarah had been an ardent supporter of the Church of England. Just as the Moats were involved in the construction of St Marks at Dromana, Sarah's father, James Trueman, was involved with the construction of the Rye church. Ben Stenniken had supplied the limestone to build the Church of England building that served as school and church until it was ready to collapse. The historic front section of the church was built using James Trueman's lime to supplement the salvaged stone from the original building. The brass vases donated by the Trueman family, found unused in the back of a cupboard and likely to be tossed out by an unwitting spring cleaner, are safely in the hands of a Trueman descendant with whom I share this secret.

There are very clear photos of William and Frank Moat in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA on pages 78 and 120.

OSWIN John and Georgina 1867
Mary Karney is a descendant of John and Georgina. Today, I tried to borrow her book, THE GOLDEN PLAINS:TUBBARUBBAREL and was reminded why I decided to provide my history on FAMILY TREE CIRCLES instead of supplying it to the Mornington Peninsula Library. They have four copies of the book and both copies at Rosebud are designated NOT FOR LOAN. It's not much good telling family historians that information is in a certain book if they can't borrow it! I had an appointment at Mornington so I got a copy there (for two days.)

Therefore, I rang Mary to ask if her books are available to be bought (which they are, from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies) and to find the actual name of John and Georgina's daughter Zing ; it was Florence Mary. Having found these answers, I prepared to start the journal by pinpointing the location of "Newstead". The book stated that it was crown allotment 35A Balnarring, which I found on an almost illegible map I printed long ago from the internet; it's so bad I couldn't even read the grantee's name.

I rang Mary again and her description of Newstead's location was much further north, and referring to a clear map of part of the parish near Red Hill, I discovered that Newstead was actually crown allotments 55 A and B, Balnarring. Mary said that the homestead was north of (the present) Kentucky Rd and accessed from Merricks Rd along a driveway about 100 metres long. John Oswin had selected both blocks at about the same time.

Newstead fronted the Dromana-Bittern Rd from the bend in Melway 161 K 11 running eastwards about 1063 metres to Merricks Rd. From the corner, the frontage ran south for 1072 metres almost halfway to Stanleys Rd. Each allotment consisted of 139 acres 2 roods and 3 perches, the eastern half (55B) being granted on 25-8-1872 and 55A on 4-8-1874.

The information below comes from Mary Karney's "The Golden Plains Tubbarubbarel". Much more information about the Oswins is available in her transcriptions of Georgina Oswin's diaries and "No Rugged Landscape".

John Oswin, pictured on page 22, selected his first block in the parish of Balnarring in 1865. (As his homestead was on 55B, we can assume that this was it; certainly not 35A, which my clear map shows was granted to J.Caldwell.) Later, like most of the selectors, he took up other blocks scattered over both Balnarring and Bittern parishes.

John married Georgina Mills in 1871 and they had eight children, seven of whom survived. (Mary told me that Arthur died at, or soon after, birth.) Six of the surviving children are pictured with John and Georgina on page 24, namely Bill, Zing (Florence Mary), Dick, Olive (Mary Karney's mother), Sue and Ethel. Missing from the photo was Fanny who married William Lamble, blacksmith of Bittern and is pictured with husband and son on page 23. ( The 1899-1900 ratebook shows that John Lamble Snr had 100 acres and buildings in (the parish of) Bittern. Georgina's diary extracts discuss Ernie (said to be John and Georgina's son) and Willie Mairs spending much time at the Tubbarubba diggings in 1893. If Ernie was another son, that makes eight children who survived.

Georgina gave birth to a son at her father's place, Kingston in Brighton. (P.4, Argus, 9-7-1873.)
Georgina died on 1-6-1908 at "Newstead" aged 58.(P.1, Argus, 3-7-1908.)
Had John Oswin been a hero in the floods near Kew in 1863? (P.5, Argus, 21-12-1863.)I suspect that he was and that Fanny's marriage was not the first connection between the Oswin and Lamble families. (P.8, Argus, 8-6-1859.)
"Newstead" seems to have been sold to Mr Hunt of Melbourne in 1910 following John Oswin's death. (P.8, Argus, 5-8-1910.)

John Oswin and his son, William were both Flinders and Kangerong Shire councillors.

PATTERSON James and Sarah 1852.
In 1851, Henry Dunn's five year lease of Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd) came to an end and many families who pioneered the peninsula leased small farms. On page 27 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA is a map showing the names and locations of these Survey pioneers. Colin McLear shows four families living on the north bank of Dunns Creek west of the Nepean Highway. They were Peatey, Paterson, Clydesdale and Griffith. Peatey and Paterson would have been near the north east corner of Melway 160 F4.

You might say that this name has only one T, but that is exactly how the name of James Patterson(pioneer of Fingal) was written on the shipping list when he came to Australia, according to Peter Wilson in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James visited the Goldfields and his wife died there according to Peter and LIME LAND LEISURE, and Peter implies that James did not come to the Peninsula until about 1871; Charles Hollinshed does mention that the James Pattersons came to Victoria in 1852 and settled at Fingal in 1855 .

You would think that Colin McLear would have written something about James Patterson since he settled diagonally across Dunns Creek from Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow". That he uttered not one word shows that the family folklore had Paterson living nearby but did not stay there long . The parish of Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and extends west as far as Bass Meadows Bvd near St Andrews Beach. Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD has a chapter called The Petition from Tootgarook and Point Nepean 1859.

James Sandle Ford ( of Portsea which he named) and Peter Purves (of Tootgarook Run) had tricked their neighbours into signing a petition opposing the Government's plan to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach to enclose the police paddock from that line to The Heads. Ford and Purves had about 800 bullocks enjoying free grazing in that area. James Patterson was a limeburner and he told Senior Constable O'Shannassy that he had signed the petition at the request of Ford and Purves, had not understood it fully, now realised that not having the fence would disadvantage him, and wished to have his name withdrawn.

The 1864 rates show that James Patterson, limeburner, had a lime station (nett annual value 25 pounds) in the Wannaeue Division (possibly just north of Limestone Rd. The assessments of 5-9-1865 show that he had a two roomed house in the parish of Wannaeue. In 1865 there was also another Patterson, Walter Patterson, who was assessed on 50 acres and a 2 roomed house; he was not known to be related to James and lived near Wallaces Rd (which used to be known as Pattersons Lane.)

There is a fair likelihood that the Survey pioneer, the limeburner and the Fingal farmer were one and the same. There is also a fair chance that the limeburner knew Edward Russell and the Cairns families well because of their involvement in the same industry; the Fingal Pattersons, the Russells and the Cairns had multiple marital connections. Another pioneer engaged in limeburning was Ben Stenniken; Ralph Patterson, who returned to the old "Paterson" stomping ground (the Survey) married Rachel Stenniken. His younger brother William, who became a west riding councillor, married a girl from one Cairns family, and after her death a girl from another Cairns family.

The Patterson family of Fingal later had a connection just north of where Paterson had settled on the Survey. In 1910, Ralph Godfrey Patterson was assessed on 287 acres, lots 18, 19 Clarke's. This land (actually 286 acres 3 roods and 11 perches) fronted the east side of the highway and the north side of Wallaces Rd (to the bend in Melway 161 B3)with a short northern boundary in 151 C12 north of Upsndown Rd.
See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO re details of James Patterson's place of origin, emigration, and family connections.

There is a photo of Bill Patterson (in Dromana's premiership football team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. To be a descendant of James and Sarah Patterson, Bill would have had to be about 42 years old. James Patterson's son, William, married twice, the second time to Ruby, a daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.They had one child, William, born in 1889. Why was he playing with Dromana? He might have been working on Ralph Godfrey Patterson's farm on the north side of Patterson's Lane (Wallaces Rd) and playing for Dromana (or Mornington) for years. W.Patterson kicked six goals for Mornington in 1921. R.Patterson (Ralph?) transferred from Mornington to Dromana (P.4,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 24-5-1929) and perhaps star forward Bill did the Simon Goosey transfer not much later. Rosebud played their first season in 1929.

PEATEY George and Susan 1858.
Rosalind Peatey's PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS is in the local history room at Rosebud Library and is not available for loan. I have not yet written a full Peatey history but to save my left index finger, I will paste some of Rosalind's information that I have used elsewhere.

George Peatey's father, Edward was born at Cerne Abbas, 15 miles from Long Burton, in 1799. (I presume these are in the western half of Dorset where the name Peatey is almost as common as Smith.) He married Charlotte (nee Lane). Their children and christening dates were Maria 15-6-1830, George 19-2-1832, Robert 1834, Maria Elizabeth 17-6-1837 and Richard 1840.

George, who was the only member of his family to come to Australia, was 7 ft 1 inch (nearly 215 cm)and was a member of the Queen's Own regiment. He and his wife, Susan, left London on 31-7-1855 on the Royal George and arrived on 27-11-1855. By the end of the year, their son, Edward Norman had been born at Tarraville, Gippsland. By April 1857, they were in Melbourne where John Henry was born.

By 1858, George and Susan were on the Survey. (See Patterson re location.) George Peatey most likely engaged in subsistence farming (a cow, a vegetable garden, fruit trees, some chooks etc) but like most of the men in the area at that time, he would have been mainly supplying timber for piers around the bay. Susan found time to be a midwife for many children born on the Survey and nearby:Emma Clydesdale 17-4-1864; David Morgan 13-4-1864; David Peter Thompson 9-6-1864; Margaret Watson 3-2-1867; William Alexander Gibson 8-5-1868; George Watson 27-10-1869; Rose Ann Bucher 8-9-1867.(Details of parents available if requested.)

All the Peatey children learnt to read and write at the private school on the survey (see A Dreamtime of Dromana.)Alfred William Peatey was born in 1871 not long before George and Susan settled on the Dunns Rd land. He went to the Dromana school and later drove the passenger coach between Mornington and Melbourne (a thrice weekly service.

In July 1876 George bought 51 acres on the north east corner of Dunns Creek and Harrisons Rds, adding another 50 acres adjoining on the east in 1881. The southern boundary is indicated by the creek crossing in Harrisons Rd. George planted 7 acres of oats and potatoes but this did not supply a living and his occupation see-sawed between farmer and sawyer. Because of the water draining down from the slopes of Arthurs Seat, the land was too wet for farming.

Extract from EARLY ROSEBUD.
In 1878 George and Susan Peatey apparently purchased a 2 acre block at the corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St. This dating is based on Rosalind Peateys statement that they took 10 years to repay Nelson Rudducks loan and gained title on 9-2-1888. They grew onions and potatoes from 1888 on this block, which is shown as Don Millers Caravan Park on the plan. George died in 1904 at 73 but Susan and her son, Alf, continued to farm on the 2 acre block. The cottage was destroyed by fire in 1912.
In 1894, their son, Jack and his wife, Mary, moved onto lot 5 in the foreshore village. This was on the east side of Peateys Creek, which is now an underground drain. However, anyone who drove in the area in August and the first half of September, 2010 will know exactly where Peateys Creek is now. That is where they had to divert into one lane amidst a sea of witches hats. The Peateys started Rosebuds first produce supply (dairy, poultry etc.)
Rosalind Peateys father, who received the Grant for the 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr. from the Rosebud Golf Club, lived in Mitch Laccos Pier Cottage (proposed apartment/café site) and fished with a huge coutta boat, which was used for many rescues in foul weather.

Extract from DRAMA (Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around) ON TROVE.
Jack Peatey had become almost an invalid and needed a walking stick, carved for him by Fred Vine, a longtime Rosebud fisherman. His wife Mary supported the family by selling poultry, milk and other produce from Seaside, their house on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray Anderson Rd) where it entered the bay. Jack played music for the Rosebud dances in the Mechanics Institute in the first two decades of the 1900s, with Rosie Bucher on the piano and a fiddler (most likely Joe Peters from the Cape Verde Islands, who was known as the Black Fiddler.)
Jacks health improved and he used to take out fishing parties with Edward Campbell and his son Keith being regulars. The Campbells owned Willowbank and Springbank, north of Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) and had the block on the east side of the jetty access road.
Whether during his ill-health or later is not made clear in my notes, but Jacks eyes turned. Mr Wong cured this affliction, probably using a centuries old Chinese remedy. He made a mask with slits where the eyes should focus. (Pine Trees and Box Thorns Rosalind Peatey.) P.S. I have been told since by Jim Dryden that this story was a bit of leg-pulling by doctor and patient.

RUDDUCK Nelson and Jane Sophia (nee Chapman) 1872.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. In this book are photos of Nelson's Jetty Store on the Dromana Hub site on page 61, Nelson and Jack on page 63, Jane Sophia and Nelson on page 64, Harry and Ern on page 135, Piawola on page 136, Nelson aged 81 on page 160.

SHAND Alexander and Charlotte 1872.
I have sent an email, providing my information about the Shands of Main Ridge and Welshpool, to Kathy Shand who is a descendant of Alexander Shand 3 of Welshpool. She posted the following about the Main Ridge pioneers on a genealogy message board.

Hi Jennifer (Jennifer's Shands were near Geelong)
It's nice to here from a fellow Australian Shand.
I'm not sure where my branch fits in, but what we have at the moment is as follows:
My great great grandfather (Alexander Shand) was born in Moray Scotland we think in 1825 and died in 1907*1 in Victoria. He immigrated from Scotland to Canada with a couple of brothers or cousins and ended up in Saskatchewan. There he married a Charlotte Elizebeth? Macklin around 1853.
From shipping records we think they immigrated to Victoria in 1853 with two daughters Charlotte and Ellen.
According to a copy of a New Zealand birth certificate, they must have immigrated to NZ, because my great grandfather was born in Mangapai NZ on the 22.6.1868. This is the only real piece of information I have.
My great grandfather (also Alexander) married an Isabel Mary Landlands on the 5 September 1899 in Hawthorn, Vic.*2
My grandfather (George Boyd Shand) was born on the 27 November 1905 at Welshpool Vic.*3
I'm wondering if you might have some information you would be will to share on the family from Scotland. This is where we are having problems. There seems to be plenty of Alexanders but not one that married a Macklin.

Thank you
Kathie Shand, Australia.

Kathy is certainly talking about our Shands as the following shows.
*1. Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. SATURDAY, JULY 27th, 1907. The usual monthly meeting of above was held at the Dromana Hotel, on Saturday last, the Councillors present being Shand (President), Shaw, Nowlan, Buckley, Davies, Stanley, Marsden, Cain and Clark.
BEREAVEMENTS. Cr. Stanley, before proceeding with further business, referred to the loss sustained by the President through the death of his father. He would move that a letter of sympathy be forwarded to the widow and family of the late Mr. Alexander Shand, Carried. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-8-1907.)

*2.Young Alexander lived to tie the knot. SHANDLANGLANDS.On the 5th September, at the Parsonage, Camberwell, by the Rev. R. Detterich (sic), brother-in-law of the bridegroom,Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Shand, of Dromana, to Isabel Mary, youngest daughter of G. B. Langlands, "Wilton," Welshpool, South
Gippsland. (P.1, Argus, 27-11-1899.)

*3. Alexander moved to Port Welshpool but within four months his sheep were being stolen. (P.3, Argus, 9-3-1900, FOSTER.)

Shands Rd, the boundary between the parish of Flinders and Wannaeue/Balnarring to the north, recalls this pioneering family. Keith Holmes told me that Alex Shand had his steam saw mill on Main Creek because it was the only one with a constant supply of water and that Roberts Rd follows the track formed when timber was being hauled to Red Hill.

John Shand married the widow of John Huntley Jnr in about 1902 according to Bill Huntley. John farmed the Huntleys' Hillside Orchard where Red Hill Rd turns to the north and later farmed Kent Orchard on Kentucky Rd and Kentucky in Bittern North. See the HUNTLEY entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

Bill Huntley also told me that most of the Shands moved to Gippsland in about 1920. ASK BILL FOR DETAILS.

WEDDING AT MAIN CREEK. Weddings are as a general rule interesting subjects, either to write or talk about, and the one at Main Creek on the 5th inst., was no exception to the rule. On that date, Miss Christiania Shand, (youngest daughter of Alexander and Charlotte Shand) of Main creek, was united in wedlock to Richard, (youngest son of Richard and Eliza Ditterich of Canterbury. The ceremony took place at noon, and was performed by the Rev R. Brown, of South Melbourne, assisted by the Rev E. Smith of Dromana. The marriage took place in a very picturesque part of the garden, underneath an arch of evergreens, nicely interwoven with flowers. The bride who was given away by her father, was most becomingly dressed in a cream fancy cashmere, trimmed with lace, white tulle veil, and wreath of orange blossoms. Mr J. Shand acted as best man, principal bridesmaid, Miss Ditterich dressed in white dress and blue sash. Miss A.Gunson in white dress and blue sash ; Miss A. Crichton white dress and pink ribbons ; Miss E. Barker, white dress and cream sash. At one o'clock about 50 guests sat down to the wedding breakfast. The tables fairly groaning beneath the weight of good things, which were provided. After the usual toasts had been proposed and responded to, and the Revs Brown and Smith had each made a short speech, the party adjourned to the lawn where the bride and bridegroom had their photographs taken by Mr Wright, of Flinders. Shortly after this the carriage was announced, which was to convey the newly wedded pair and a few of the friends to the railway station, and amid a shower of good wishes and rice the party drove off for Mornington. They will shortly proceed to St Arnaud, in which circuit Mr Ditterich is engaged. During the afternoon games were freely indulged in by the guests. The party breaking up shortly before 6 p.m., owing to the inclemency of the weather. Everybody thoroughly enjoying themselves. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-4-1892.)

They or their descendants obviously came back to Main Ridge. The Main Ridge Cricket Club, whose President, Jason Albress, is a descendant of a Rye pioneer, plays on the A.R. and F.Ditterich Reserve. Arthur Ralph Ditterich was a Flinders Shire councillor 1961-4. The Shand family was probably related to the Downward family of Mornington, Tubbarubba and Kangerong; Downward Shand 1915-17 and John Shand 1902-7 and 1916-23 were also councillors of the shire.

The scene of the above wedding may have been 19B Wanaaeue of 105 acres 2 roods and 13 perches, situated at Melway 171 K12, and granted to Alexander Shand on 4-10-1882. In 1879 he was assessed on 100 acres but that was probably an estimate of the size of his selection.It was bounded on the north west by Old Main Creek Rd, on the north east by Shands Rd, and on the east by Main Creek. In 1903-4, John and W.Shand added 210 acres bounded by Main Ck Rd and Roberts Rd on yhe other side of Shands Rd and A.Shand Jnr 21A of 142 acres fronting the Mornington-Flinders Rd from the Roberts Rd corner to a point opposite the Tucks Rd corner (actually 162 metres south of the present corner.) In 1900, John Shand was assessed on 428 acres in Wannaeue and Fingal.

SHAW Benjamin and Elizabeth 1875.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There is a photo of the family's Kangerong guest house on page 49, Shaw's bus on page 53, A.V.Shaw on page 88,and Maurie Shaw on page 171.

SIMPSON Joseph and Maryann 1873.
We have a problem Houston! There is not one mention of James and Maryann in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. LIME LAND LEISURE mentions only Rosemary Simpson who was a Flinders Shire Councillor from 1978.
I knew I'd seen the name somewhere! Join me in my voyage of discovery.Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL shows that Mr and Mrs Simpson attended Joseph McIlroy's marriage in 1877 and that one of the Simpsons was a member of the rifle club circa 1900.

I unrolled my Balnarring parish map and found that my hunch was right. When I first saw the name, I presumed it to be James Simpson, a prominent man in early Melbourne. He was the chairman of the District Licensing Court in 1849, a member, with William Lonsdale,four senior religious leaders and six other prominent officials and citizens, of a board of guardians to look after the interests of a large number of Irish orphans in 1848, with the Mayor was a joint chairman of the city and district court of petty sessions, the police magistrate for Melbourne in 1840 and was a director of almost every company that wanted prestige.

I therefore suspected that the purchase at Red Hill was speculation such as that of Andrew Russell of Essendon on the east side of Collins Rd, Dromana, or that of Thomas Monahan (on the next block east)and in Rye Township.

J.Simpson was granted crown allotment 89A of the parish of Balnarring on 8-3-1884. On a hunch that if J.Simpson was a pioneer of the area rather than a speculator, there might be descendants near Red Hill, I hit the local phone book. When I was about halfway through the 111 Simpsons listed my heart jumped. J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth. I looked up Simpson St and it was on 89A Balnarring! Bayne St nearby was named after a pioneer so Simpson St almost certainly was too.

I rang the number but my mobile said number not in use. As Homer Simpson (no relation I'm sure!) would say "Doh!" If this investigation had been in August, 2010, when I started my Peninsula research, that would have been the end of the line. However, I now have a list of contacts longer than your arm, including Keith Holmes. I explained my problem and he told me that J.R. was indeed a descendant of Joseph and Maryann but had died in about 2007. (I must get a new phone book!) Keith told me that JR's daughter, Margaret, lived next door to J.R. and had married Trevor Connell. (Connell is a name that has graced the Survey, the parish of Moorooduc and Red Hill during the past century and a half.)

J.Simpson's grant, 89A of 142 acres 1 rood and 21 perches was at the south corner of Shoreham and Point Leo Rds, with a frontage on the latter of 1170 metres. Baynes St, the original course of the start of Shoreham Rd until 1921, and Shoreham Rd formed the western boundary and Pine Ave the south. Between Pine Ave and Oceanview Ave was W.Bayne's grant 89B, also of 142.1.21. Almost 50 acres, right at the north west corner of 89A was granted to A.C.B.Noel on 16-1-1932, obviously having been resumed by the Crown under the Closer Settlement Act.

DROMANA. A very old resident named Mr Simpson died here last week. He was a colonist of over forty years and resided at Dromana for most of the time, much respected by the townspeople. (P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 2-1-1907.) This was Joseph Simpson who died on 23-12-1906.

An obituary for Joseph McIlroy shows that T.Simpson and F.Simpson were his nephews. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-1-1935.) That is, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph-see below.

RED HILL. On Friday last the first meeting of the Red Hill Literary and Social Club was held in the school. The meeting exceeded expectations, and the interest was well maintained, considering there was no set programme. The members were well satisfied. Papers were read by Mr W. Simpson, on "'Neighbourliness and by Mr E. Bowring, on " How to make our club a success," Miss Wiseman contributed a reading. (Part of a report on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 18-7-1903.) N.B. Mr W.Simpson was the teacher at the Red Hill school and he was a descendant of Joseph and Maryann.(P.2, M.S., 14-5-1904.)

DROMANA. (From Our Own Correspondent.)The.anniversary services of the Presbyterian Church were held last Sunday week by the Rev D. G. M'Crea. of Elsternwick. On the following Tuesday a very successful tea meeting was held. The tea meeting was followed by a concert. Mr Simpson, of Red Hill,made his debut in Dromana with 'The Englishman', and was well received. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1900, snippets only.)
That was not Mr Simpson's last performance in Dromana; he sang in the concert to welcome Trooper McKeown home in 1902. (P.2, M.S. 10-5-1902.) This could have been the teacher who was not a member of Joseph's family.

FLINDERS. DROMANA V FLINDERS. These clubs had a field day on Saturday when Dromana visited Flinders for a tennis match. Mr Rogers (who has not recovered from an attack of influenza) though present,did not play,and the visitors were further weakened by the absence of Mr E. Rudduck. The majority of the sets were won easily, but some provided exciting finishes, notably the last of the day. which was anybody's game till the deciding point was gained, when Miss Sproule and Mr Riley beat Miss Rudduck and Mr Simpson 6-5. Dromana have a decided acquisition in Simpson. Flinders won by 13 games. (P.2, M.S., 18-10-1900.)
Ah, 'twas-
Gibson Simpson son of the Jetty Store
Archly made a noble team to pile up any score.
These two lines from an amusing poem about the Dromana tennis club suggest that one of the Gibson family and the son of the operator of the Jetty Store (Simpson) made a formidable duo. (P.3, M.S., 4-7-1901.)
The duo was even more powerful when Simpson paired with Rogers (either Hunter Rogers, the early peninsula historian or his father, the schoolteacher at Dromana.)P.2, M.S., 27-6-1901.
The tennis player was probably also the Red Hill teacher.

As mentioned previously, Sheila Skidmore listed Simpson as a member of the rifle club. Red Hill beat Hastings, whose members were from the battery, with W.McIlroy 50, Joseph McIlroy, David Mairs and Simpson on 49.
(P.3, M.S., 18-10-1900.)

W.S.Simpson was one of the two auditors of the Kangerong Agricultural and Horticultural Society in 1905. (P.6, M.S.,11-2-1905.) N.B. There were Simpsons at Somerville at this time!
(W.S. Simpson could have been a son of Thomas John Simpson, but not of Frederick Joseph. He was possibly the Red Hill teacher, W.Simpson.)

Not only did A.Simpson of Red Hill top E form at Frankston High School in History and Drawing- he is the first Simpson I've seen for two hours with an initial and a definite connection with Red Hill! (P.7, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 17-9-1926.) He was also a keen family historian.

Aha! As explained before, I only did extensive rate transcriptions for Kangerong and Wannaeue parishes. However for my Red Hill research, I transcribed 1919-20 Balnarring assessments near Red Hill Rd, meaning to do crown allotment 89 but forgetting to do so; it looks like another date with the microfiche on Monday. However, I did record that Thomas John Simpson had 20 acres and building, lot 8, 75 A and B. This did not mean that his 20 acre block was on both A and B, but that the entire subdivision was. The interesting thing is that 75AB was directly over Shoreham Rd from 89A. I wouldn't be surprised to find that the 20 acre block was between Baynes St and the new course of Shoreham Rd.

SIMPSON.On the 8th January, at Red Hill,
Dorothy Ellen, daughter of Fred and Emily Simpson, aged 11 months.(P.1, Argus, 11-1-1910.) See below.

SIMPSON-MILLER -On the 21th October at St John's Church of England, Flinders, by Rev Edwin Eldridge, George Frederick eldest son of Mr and Mr F. Simpson, Seaview, Red Hill, to Lorna Evelyn, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs John Miller, Kilara, Flinders. (Present address, Red Hill South, Vic. ) P.17, Argus, 8-12-1934.
The word was illegible on the newspaper page but information from Albert Simpson's book reveals that the word must be "eldest".

SIMPSON, RED HILL SOUTH.(P.10, The Argus, 9-7-1956.)
SIMPSON.-On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved wife of George, and devoted mother of Robert and Shirley, aged 53 years. -Patient sufferer at rest.

SIMPSON_On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Ann and Jack Holmes, loved auntie of Keith, Alan. Kevin, and Norma. -Loved by all.

SIMPSON_On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved daughter-in-law of Emily and the late Frederick Simpson.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Joe Russell Simpsonand Elma beloved auntie of Margaret and Russell. -Peace, perfect peace.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Albert Edwin Simpson and Melva, loved auntie of Ellen, Andrea, David, and John.

SIMPSON. - On July 7. at Red Hill. Lorna, loved sister and sister in-law of Ted and Elsie Miller, loved aunt of John. Meril (deceased). Ken, and Ian.
Second given names and surnames in bold type have been added by me.

SILLY ME! Why didn't I think to look in the obvious place first? That is the article AROUND RED HILL on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902.
Simpsons. 20 acres of orchard and 12 acres under crop. 7-8 acres of strawberries. Very neat. (My notes verbatim.)

NOW, WHAT CAN MARGARET CONNELL TELL US? Quite a lot actually, about the Simpsons, Holmes, Littlejohns, Connells etc. Every five minutes she'd emerge with another book such as Sheila Skidmore's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.

Luckily, her uncle, Albert Edwin Simpson,a schoolteacher, had written a family history entitled SIMPSONS OF "SEAVIEW" RED HILL. While teaching at the Omeo Valley school, Albert met Elva, the South Australian girl he was to marry, when she visited her sister. He rose to a prominent position in the South Australian education system.

William McIlroy , a farmer and flax merchant of Littlebridge , County Londonderry, Ireland, sold his property in 1859 and emigrated in 1860. My journal about Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL tells of how Joseph twice raised the money to bring his family out and also explains why Joseph's eldest son, William John, called his McIlroys Rd farm LITTLEBRIDGE. On 13-9-1861, Margaret Jane and the six McIlroy children sailed from Liverpool in the Donald McKay , arriving on 7-12-1861.

Robert and Margaret Simpson, also had a farm and flax mill in County Tyrone. (The boundary between the two counties is obviously a stream which ran the flax mill as the McIlroy and Simpson farms were two miles apart, as they later were at Red Hill.) Two of their sons, Thomas James and Joseph were born in Kingsmill, Joseph on 26-11-1837. During the gold rush to New Zealand in about 1868 they migrated there. After a while Joseph went to Melbourne and contacted the McIlroys who had been close neighbours in Ireland. On 8-10-1870, he married Mary Ann McIlroy, who was born in 1849, at the Presbyterian church in Richmond.

Joseph Simpson and his bride went to New Zealand and mining with Thomas James was resumed. Their only two children, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph were born at Hokatika on the South Island on 8-7-1871 and 5-10-1872 respectively. Soon after the latter birth, the family went to Red Hill and settled on Crown Allotment 89A Balnarring whose boundaries were exactly as I had specified, according to Margaret. Joseph named his property Bayview, his homestead being on the 50 acres later re-granted to Noel in 1922. The farm was later divided into two and the southern part was called Seaview. Bayview was probably not named until Joseph had done quite a bit of clearing because not even a glimpse of the sea was available at first. (As I drove home from Margaret's place I stopped at the Red Hill Reserve to soak up a bit of sun; Red Hill is still a very shady place!)

On 6-4-1891, Fred started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occassions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!

(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assemblyfor St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)

Frederick Joseph Simpson married Emily Russ (b.19-10-1872 in Bristol) on 7-11-1900 at Brighton. Their children were Annie Lucilla b.28-8-1901, George Frederick b.28-11-1902, Joseph Russell b.8-9-1905, Dorothy Ellen b.6-2-1909 d. 15-6-1910, Albert Edwin 15-6-1911.

Annie married John Henry (Jack) HOLMES (b. 4-8-1901) on 27-9-1921. Their children were Nancy, Allen, Kevin, Norma and of course Keith Desmond who became a councillor. George Frederick married Lorna Miller (b.18-11-1903), whose marriage and death notices are shown above. Joseph Russell married Elma Lucy Jean Bonnie (b.1913) of Brunswick. The Littlejohn brothers had come to Red Hill from Brunswick, William marrying Elma's auntie, Kate. When Elma was holidaying at her uncle and auntie's place (lot 9 of Clarke's estate, detailed under Littlejohn in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal), she met Joseph. Joseph and Elma's children were Margaret Ann (my informant) and Russell Francis. The J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth I had found in my old local phone book was of course Joseph Russell Simpson.
See Dorothy's death notice and details of Albert's teaching career above.

RATE RECORDS. The rate collectors took a while to recall that a new pioneer had arrived. Joseph Simpson was not mentioned in the Flinders Road Board assessment of 14-6-1873. It would therefore be logical to assume that he arrived after June 1973, but perhaps he did. He was also not included in the assessment of 13-6-1874; the assessment was amended at the end to include some forgotten ratepayers, the third of whom was:
Simpson, the Crown, 142 acres, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated to form the Flinders and Kangerong Shire whose first assessment was signed on 2-10-1875. Being in alphabetical order, not geographical, as the Flinders Road Board's had been, it was no surprise that somebody was forgotten. Not entirely, because "Simpson" was written between assessments 71 and 72 with no other details and, apparently, no rates being paid.

The next year's assessment was presented and signed on 11-12-1876 and guess what. An amendment had to be signed later to include:
1. Joseph Simpson, the crown, 140 acres of land, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

He wasn't forgotten again but the 142 acres was called 147 acres in 1877. The nett annual value became 16 pounds by 1890 and despite the depression, grew to 26 pounds by 1899 and 26 pounds by 1909 (when Thomas Simpson was assessed on the 143 acres.) By 26-11-1916, Thomas Simpson had 20 acres and Frederick Simpson 71 acres of 89A. (That's only 91 acres!) T.Reeves of Fitzroy Gardens had 52 acres of Bayview, most likely the north west corner that was resumed and re-granted under the Closer Settlement Act.

So there you have it, the Simpsons of Bayview/Seaview at Red Hill 1873 to 2013 (nearly). I think the family is well and truly entitled to a pioneer pathway plaque, don't you?

SINGLETON William and Christine 1864.
Although Colin McLear did not mention William and Christine in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, he has plenty of information about John Singleton, presumably their son, and his descendants. John was first assessed, on one town lot (hence west of McCulloch St) and a hut in 1865. The 1879 rates described John as a shepherd. Although John did not seem to be prosperous, his family was well regarded, his daughter, married Charlie Dyson who had also arrived in 1864. John's children were Tom, Bill, Toby , James and Mrs Charlie Dyson, the last two remaining in Dromana, James and possibly his descendants living in Verdon St. Martha, who is mentioned below, could have been John's sister or daughter.

James Singleton's daughter Martha (Mrs Gault) might have been named after a sister or aunt, who remained a spinster. Miss Martha Singleton, 71, who was born in Dromana, and lived in the district all her life with the exception of a few years spent at Flinders, died at her residence in Ries? St, Dromana in 1937. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 2-4-1937.) Colin mentioned that John had spent a few years at Flinders. Colin's information would have come from an oldtimer's memory rather than genealogical research.

Of John's sons only James remained in Dromana. His grandson, Frank, was an outstanding athlete at school and won the long jump (15 yrs) in 1944 (P.2, Standard, Frankston, 26-10-1944.). Frank's great grandfather John had been an outstanding runner and jockey. Frank's father, Tom, was often named as one of Dromana's best players in footy from the early 1920's.

Tom and Bill ( named after great grandfather William!) seem to have been the only sons of James Singleton to survive while there were five (or perhaps more) daughters. Perhaps one or both of the children who died from diptheria in 1892 were boys. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-6-1892.) The family must have suffered further hardship in 1898 (perhaps illness or injury preventing work) as a concert was held for their benefit ((P.2, Brevities, Mornington Standard, 24-2-1898.)

In about 1902 Miss Margaret Singleton of Dromana married heroic Cr William Morton from a Lilydale family, who after returning from Western Australia where he performed the perilous rescue, established an orchard at Baywater. He died while coal mining in 1917. (P.5, Reporter, Box Hill,27-7-1917.) She was probably Maggie, daughter of James. She was certainly the grand daughter of Walter Gibson and that is why her marriage to Willam Morton of Bongardie, W.A. on 3-12-1901 was held at Walter's residence Glenholm. Walter Gibson's wife's name was Margaret and Margaret Eliza Singleton was probably named after her. Was Walter's wife a Singleton or did John Singleton marry Walter's daughter?(P.1 Marriages, Argus, 16-12-1901.)P.S. William obviously established his orchard and became a councillor after the marriage.

Steve 74 is a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells and has posted a journal on family tree circles about the Henderson and Singleton families from which he is also descended. F.T.C. stalwart Janilye has added much information in comments. It appears that John Singleton, as described by Colin McLear was actually William John Singleton who married Christina Mitchell, hence the names on the pioneer pathway plaque. James Singleton's two children who died of diptheria in 1892 were William John 1883-1892 and Isabella 1895-1892.

One of Janilye's comments show that John Singleton (and probably spinster Martha) was at Flinders in 1902. Others tell of Robert Singleton's death at 18, an accidental shooting while brushing a fern with the butt of his shotgun, and James stealing a watch from the drunken George Barnaby (probably the ancestor of an acting moderator of the Presbyterian Church at one time!) James like so many was out of work and hoped to buy a gun with the watch so he could earn a living.

Jim Singleton is shown with John Mclear, Harry Copp and Jonah Griffith on page 103 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are also photos of Tom Singleton on pages 135, 161 and 164.

Genealogy does my head in, so I'll leave it to others to unscramble the evidence about the Singletons who seem to have come to Dromana from Lyndhurst. And speaking of Janilye, see my new journal!

WHITE Robert and Mary Hannah 1875.
Robert and Mary Hannah were buried at the Dromana Cemetery. Robert died on 3-5-1941 at the age of 86, and Mary Hannah died on 15-8-57 aged 91.
Robert White owned Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue from about 1875 having apparently purchased it from Charles Blakey and sold it in about 1891. Not long before 1891 two Robert Whites appeared at Red Hill, Bullocky Bob White on Main Creek Rd near Whites Rd and Blooming Bob White of Main Ridge who had 27 acres, Kangerong, possibly old Red Hill Township land near the corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds. The Robert White of Rosebud may be a descendant of very early limeburners near Rye and Boneo, but I have not yet found proof of a link.

WILSON Henry William and Thamer (nee Burdett) 1860.
See my journal HENRY WILLIAM WILSON:BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER. In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Godfrey Burdett Wilson on page 45, Ralph and Ben outside the McCulloch St butcher shop on page 140. and the shop itself on page 46.

WILSON Sarah and family 1855
I suspect that Sarah Wilson was the widow of a brother of Henry William Wilson. Henry and Thamer Wilson gave the name of Sarah to their fourth child and first daughter, born in 1850. Colin McLear stated that Sarah and her sons, Robert and George, were settlers on Jamieson's Special Survey in 1855. As all three signed a petition on 9-3-1861, it can be assumed that the sons had reached the age of 21 by then.

I have spent two fruitless hours trying to find references to the right Sarah Wilson. She would not have been asked to sign a petition unless she was a widow by 1861. A Sarah Wilson, widow of Charles, died at the Moonee Ponds Hotel (later Dean's Hotel and now the Moonee Ponds Tavern at the south corner of Dean St) but as I have not yet found a death notice for Charles, no connection to the Kangerong pioneer can be suggested.

Sarah was not assessed by the Kangerong Road Board(1864, 1865) in the Dromana area so she may have moved or been living with somebody(perhaps Henry and Thamer.) There were several Wilson families in the early days (Mornington, Tuerong etc) so it would be foolish to suggest that George Wilson who had 216 acres in (the parish of) Flinders in 1900 was her son. However it is a possibility that a family historian could follow up. George Wilson Jnr had 96 acres, Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring. The Balnarring land was occupied in the first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869 by George Wilson and he could have been there years earlier. Was Sarah living with him? In 1869 George was assessed on 32 acres but by 11-5-1872 he had 48 acres.

This land was crown allotment 66A of the parish of Balnarring, between Stony Creek and Shoreham Rd at roughly Melway 254 H-J 1. This was granted to G.Wilson on 24-2-1882, by which time about 8 acres had been set aside as a gravel reserve.By 1887-8, George Wilson was assessed on 96 acres in Balnarring parish. In 1919, Robert Wilson of Shoreham had 88 acres and buildings and 67 acres and buildings in the parish. Was Robert a son of George or George Junior? It seems possible that at least one of Sarah's sons, George, might have stayed in the area and it is likely that his brother's name was used for one of his descendants. (See Comments.)

WISEMAN James and Christina 1862.
In the February of 1869 and 1870,according to Colin McLear and the Kangerong parish map, James Wiseman purchased his crown grants bounded by Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane. Sheila Skidmore said that he purchased land in 1862 but this was probably when he selected it.
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gave much genealogical information about James and Christina who both died in their nineties. It is interesting that one of their sons had the second given name of Bain.George Chapman of Seawinds married a Bain girl so there may have been a link between the Wisemans and Chapmans, just as there was one between the McKeowns and William Hillis. The Wisemans were devote Presbyterians who attended church in Dromana.

I intend doing an extensive Wiseman entry in the Dictionary History of Red Hill journal, so here I will just quote some information from those who know.

Thelma Littlejohn: Sheehans Rd was the original south end of White Hill Rd and when a deviation was made (the present south end) through James Wiseman's land, it was known to all as Wiseman's Deviation.

Sheila Skidmore (The Red Hill): Non-vested school 77 was built on James Wiseman's land in the mid 1860's on the west side of Arkwells Lane where it met White Hill Rd; this proves that James was living on the land before he bought it. When it was to become a state school, James informed the Education Department in November 1873 that he would lease it for a nominal amount as long as meetings could still be held there.When the new school opened in 1920 James was paid the 10 years rent still owed.Sheila has even more extensive genealogical information, and guess what; James married Christina Bain.

Hec Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.): Only about 50 yards from the old Red Hill school site, was Wiseman's property. I loved to watch Mr Wiseman in his blacksmith shop. He was a fine gentleman, with grey-white whiskers that were about a foot long. I enjoyed watching him work the bellows and anvil.He had a big hammer that he worked with his feet.It would come crashing down on the anvil when he was welding. I believe Mr Wiseman built an iron pushbike that is supposedly in the Melbourne Museum. One of his daughters, Jean Wiseman, sold apples for a ha'penny each; they were big Northern Sky apples, beautiful to eat when fresh. (AROUND RED HILL in the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 mentioned that a small portion of the Wiseman land was devoted to fruit growing.)

6 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago


Charles Daniel of "Narbonne" in Oakland Rd (Melway 177 K 4) and his descendants are described in detail in I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla", D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oakland Hunt" and "The Daniel Family". One of the Madden girls from the Inverness Hotel at Oaklands Junction married one of his sons and two of his descendants were Shire Secretaries of Bulla Shire.

Charles Daniel was leasing 60 acres from B.Ringrose (18B Kangerong, roughly Melway 190 K 1) in 1879. Was this Charles from "Narbonne" or a son of his? It would seem ridiculous to have farms so far apart but there have been so many historical connections between the area near Tullamarine and the Mornington Peninsula that it is reasonable to pose the question. The Orrs of Kia Ora (Melway 5 J5) and Tommy Loft of Dalkeith (Melway 15 H2) both farmed (1917, 1920) the same 323 acres that is now the residential area of the St Andrews Golf Course (crown allotments 28 and 29, section A, Wannaeue) at Melway 252 C7.
Percy Hurren, who was the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner, Moorooduc (Melway 146 K6)in 1950 became the last farmer on Dalkeith in 1951.

2 comment(s), latest 4 months, 1 week ago


David Mairs was granted a total of 1745 acres in the parish of Bittern east of Coolart Rd and between Disney St and the mouth of Bittern Creek. Full details of each allotment can be supplied if requested. There were allotments fronting both sides of Sandy Point Rd, South Beach Rd and a now closed road that can be traced by extending Pearce Rd (Melway 194 B1) to Somers Rd.

By googling David Mairs Bittern, you will find "David MairsP100230169 etc" which gives excellent genealogical detail about his ancestors and his wife's as well as all the children, emigration information and so on. This journal was prompted by information in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL about the formation of a rifle club in Red Hill in 1900. David Mairs and a Huntly (sic, Huntley) were involved. I knew David Mairs had been granted much land near the eastern side of the peninsula from my work on THE FEMALE DROVER and thought it strange that he was involved at Red Hill. As David died in 1902 and had apparently been suffering from paralysis, it must have been his son David Taylor Mairs who was involved. The latter married Louise Huntley in 1902 and they lived on a property called "Campsie" (now Somers.) Now the really strange thing is that Palmer's Point had been suggested for their rifle range. It was probably near Melway 193 A12 where J.Palmer had been granted 420 acres bounded by Merricks Beach Rd and Merricks Ck.(crown allotments 36,37,38 Balnarring.) Note Palmers Hill Rd.

It is likely that Louise Huntley had been on 105 acres (191 E4)whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill. I have just spent half an hour looking for a reference that I clearly remember regarding one detail. The names of the Misses Huntley were given and two of them started with L, one being Lara. The website mentioned above states that one of Louise's sisters was Lora. I believe that D.T.Mairs had suggested Palmer's Point (on the other side of the Coolart Pre-emptive Right from crown allotment 137, which was obviously part of Campsie), for a range and that Louise's brothers (Herbert John and Percy William) had supported his idea.

David Mairs married Sarah Taylor on 10-1-1857 at the age of 35 while farming at North Blackwood. Not far from that location is Ballan where David Taylor Mairs' birth was registered in 1867. While still near Ballan in 1861-2, David had bought a total of 74 acres and 22 perches at Melway 16 C 8-9, being crown allotments 31, 33, 34, 35 and 36 of section 16 in the parish of Doutta Galla. A bit far from his other land it seems! But no! He most likely wanted a holding paddock so his stock could regain condition before going to market in Melbourne. Niel Black from the Western district (Melway 5 H7), John Aitken of Mt Aitken near Sunbury (27 J4) and the Fairbairns of Ballan and Mt Martha(28 C9) had bought land in the locations indicated for that very purpose.

David's Doutta Galla land was bounded on the north by English St, on the west by Treadwell Rd (Nomad Rd) and on the east by Bulla Rd (Wirraway Ave), lots 33-36 extending 510 metres south along the boundary with Henry Stevenson's "Niddrie" from the English St corner. Lot 31 had an additional 200 metre frontage to the south east along Bulla Rd.

David seems to have moved to Balnarring by 1871 and a journal I wrote about the Crightons/Parkers of Keilor mentions that one of these families was leasing the Doutta Galla land from him. He was in Bittern by 1871 as a notice regarding the birth of one of his daughters shows. This brings us to trove.
By 1875, David Mairs had become President of the Shire of Kangerong and Flinders, was a Justice of the Peace sitting on the bench at the Dromana Court. He was also a trustee of the Balnarring and Bittern (Emu Plains) racecourse.

It seemed strange to me that a street or road in the area had not been named after this pioneering family. But there might have been one. Contracts for work on Mair's Road were awarded to locals with such well-known names as Vansuylen, Sawyers and Johnson. The position of the apostrophe suggests that this road was named after Robert Mair of Tyabb but being in the Shire of Flinders, it would have been in Bittern, not Tyabb. Perhaps Mairs' Road was the closed road leading from Disney St to Somers Rd, of which only a small part remains at the north end, named Pearce Rd.

Mr and Mrs W.Mairs lived at "Konda", Bittern according to a notice of the birth of a daughter.
A severe fire in 1893 caused much damage at Ham's "Western Park" and destroyed improved pasture on David Mairs' property.

This is a small selection of the information about David Mairs and his descendants available on trove.

By Googling, MAIRS, HUNTLEY, I came up with the birth dates and places of David and Sarah Mairs' children.Note that the places were where the births, were registered , not the place of residence. Tyabb means Old Tyabb Township, which being a declared township was entitled to a post office and the postmaster would have acted as a registrar of births and deaths. Details re death and parents are also available.

The children of David Mairs and Sarah (nee Taylor) were:
Thomas b.19-3-1858 Ballan; Sarah Jane b.17-7-1859 Ballan; Mary Ann b. 29-3-1861 Ballan, David b.8-1-1863 and died 14-7--1865 Pentland Hills; David Taylor b.1867 Ballan; John Jervis b.1869 Tyabb; Sarah b.1871 Tyabb; William Alexander b.24-2-1876 Tyabb. It seems that it was William Alexander Mairs who lived at "Konda" near Bittern.
David Taylor married Louise Huntley, the third child and daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope). Mary was born in 1879 in Brighton. Their only child listed on the website was David Huntley Mairs born on New Year's Day 1903. See the HUNTLEY entry in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal regarding David Taylor Mairs' hobby becoming his job!

PERHAPS RELEVANT HISTORICAL SOCIETIES AND MORNINGTON PENINSULA SHIRE COULD ENSURE THAT A STREET IN ANY NEW SUBDIVISIONS NEAR BITTERN IS NAMED IN HONOUR OF THIS PIONEERING FAMILY! Cr Graham Pittock has been asked to have a street in any new subdivision near Buttern named after David Mairs, with the full support of Mary Muir (nee Vansuylen) and Shirley Davies of the Hastings and Westernport Historical Society.

The above birth records make it plain that David Mairs was involved in the Ballan, Blackwood area,but it was not until I started a journal about Blackwood that I realised just how involved he was. I have been unable so far to determine just when he first won a seat on the Ballan Shire Council. See D.Ryan's letter "GREENDALE" in BLACKWOOD JOTTINGS (1)regarding David Mairs' involvement in (late 1862) in the first election of the Ballan Road Board and how he nominated a Blackwood representative.

BALLAN. ON a recent visit to our much esteemed friend, Mr. Denis Ryan, J.P., I was favored by the brief but interesting in telligence that the East Riding of Ballan Shire in the first Road Board was represented by Messrs. David Mairs, Denis Ryan, and George Moore. (p. 3, bme, 10-4-1909.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express published many reports of council meetings and the following extract shows his decisive response to ratepayer concerns.

Cr Millyard was handed a letter written by Mr Williams who wished to speak to the council about the Blackwood reservoir.(Note, this has not been corrected on trove.)

Mr. Williams being called upon, said-I am acting for the public of Blackwood in this matter. The Chairman: Do I understand you rightly to say that you represent the public of Blackwood at this Council today ? Mr. Williams: Well, perhaps that is saying too much; but I am here to request, on behalf of the public interest of Blackwood, that this Council will interfere between Messrs. Walker and Armstrong obtaining a lease of the Blackwood Reservoir, or permission to cut a race therefrom. Mr. Walker has applied to the Board of Lands and Works for the lease of the race, and he also states that this Council has no power in the matter; whereas I am informed that the Council holds a lease of the reservoir, which is the exclusive property of this Council, I also wish permission to be allowed to peruse that lease. - Should Messrs. Walker and Armstrong attain their object, it will create a private interest detrimental to the public interest of Blackwood.

Councillor Mairs: It is important that this Council should take some steps in the matter, and it is also important that Messrs. Walker and Co. should not be put in possession of the property which they are now applying for. I will move-"That the Secretary write to the Minister of Mines, in reference to the application of Messrs. Walker and Armstrong, of Blackwood, for the right to cut a race in connection with the Blackwood Reservoir, and request that such right be not granted, as this Council is of opinion that the right to construct watercourses in connection with the above reservoir should be vested in this Council alone. And that, to create private interests in connection therewith, would be highly detrimental to the interests of this Council, and to the interests of the people of Blackwood." Councillor Graham would second the motion,
believing that it would serve the best interest of Blackwood. Carried.
(P.3,Bacchus Marsh Express, 25-5-1867.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express will be given as BME from now on.

On Monday evening last a few friends met our late respected neighbour, D. Mairs, Esq., J.P. (who paid a short visit to Myrniong), at Swannell's hotel. The evening was spent pleasantly, the crisis being chiefly the theme of conversation. Mr. Mairs' removal from the district has been a great loss to the Liberal party here.
(P.3, BME, 6-6-1868.)

Hamilton with about 930 acres was the biggest purchaser in what I take to be the alienation of Thomas Henry Pyke's Run, but David, with about 812 acres was not far behind. Dr John Harbison, a doctor from Northern Irelandwho grew oranges, was a grantee on section 16 Doutta Galla too, his grant indicated by a street in North Essendon called Orange Grove. He or Charles Shuter may have influenced David's decision to buy land there too. So too might William John Turner (Big)Clarke who would have passed David 's grants on the way to Melbourne from his Special Survey at Sunbury. Clarke,who owned Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) may also influenced David Mairs' move to the parish of Bittern.

When I obtain a Blackwood parish map, the location of David's grants might be able to be given with some precision.
Purchasers not relevant to David Mairs will be removed later.

GOVERNMENT LAND SALE. Tuesday, 22nd July, 1856
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 23 July 1856 p 5 Article
...these ...ions the whole of the lots were sold ...forty nine Blackwood section ... lot. COUNTRY LOTS. BLACKWOOD, In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings. Upset price, £1 per acre. Lot 5. Eighty ... 919 words


In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the

village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings.

Upset price, £1 per acre.

Lot 5. Eighty acres threo roods twenty ! perches, 0. H. Lyons and 0. G. Ferrers (84a. per acre), £137 9*. 9d. the lot.

Lot 6. Eighty-eight acres two roods thirty - three porches, 0. II. Lyons and 0. Q. Ferrers (84s. per acre), £160 10* tho lot. >

Lot 7. Ninety-three acres one rood nine perches, Thomas Darcy (59s. per acre), £¿¿3

CB. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 8. Ninety-two acres eeven percheä, Thomas Darcy (48s. por acre), $1018s. 6d. the


Lot 12. Sixty one acres two! roods four perches, Thomas Hamilton (61s. por aons), £188 2s. Gd. the lot.

Lot l3. Sixty-one acres thtrty-üve perchsä, Thomas Hamilton (77s. per itore), £z3518s, lOd.


a.ot 14. Eighty-three acres two roods, Thomas Hamilton (57s. por acre), £237 19s. Gi. - the lot.

Lot 15. Two hundred and three acres one rood thirty perches, David Mairs (57s. per acre), £579 1s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 16. Two hundred and forty-six acres three roods eight perches,David Mairs (38s. per acre), £468 18s. 4d. the lot.

Lot 17. Two hundred and twenty-six acres two roods, thirty-two pcichea. Thomas Hamilton (52s. per acre), £559 6)3.4d. the lot.

Lot l8. Ninety-two acres, Thomas Hamil- ton (37s. per acre)¡ £170 4s. the lot.

Lot 19. Sixty-three acres one rood twonty Boven porches. Thomas Hamilton (84s. p,jr ame), £108 4s. 9d. the lot.

Lot 20. Sixty-live acios two roods thirfcy »Üghtpeichcs, O.K.. Frey«(38s. per acre), £103

9s. 6d. the lot.

Lot 21. Eighty-nine acres two roads sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (41B. per acre), £181

JEB. Cd. the lot,

Lot 22, Ninety-six acres, James Quirk (32s. lier acre), £108 12s. the lot.

Lot 23. Seventy - seven acres thlrty-two perches, John Haribison (32s. per acre), £128 10s. 4d. the lot,

Lot 24. Ninety-eight acres ono rood eighteen perches, John lmnner (27s. per at>re), £182 lös.

8d. the lot.

Lot 25. Seveuty-threo acres two roods nino peí ches, Thomas Hamilton (31s. per acre), £114

the lot

Lot 20. Eighty-four acres three roods fifteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (51s. per acre), £ ¿16

7s. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 27. One hundred and four acres thirty tno perches, William Jones (28s. per acre),

£145 18s. the lot.

Lot 28. Seventy-seven acres thirty-eight puches, Thomas Hamilton (38s. per acre),

£127 9s. tho lot.

Lot 29. Forty-five acres eight perches, Wil- liam White (54i. per acre), £76 12s. 7d. the lot.

Lot 30. Forty-two acres ono rood thirty- nine perches, James Struthera (61s.lier aero),

£129 12s. 3d. the lot.

Lot 81. Seventy-four acres three roods four peí ches. Peter Inglis (68s. per ucre), £261 i).

Vu. the lot. '

Lot 82. Eighty acres two roods, Oharloa Shutei (100s. per acre), £40210s. the lot.

Lot 83. Ninety-nine acres one rood, sixteen perches, David Mairs (93s. per acre), £461 19s.

6d. the lot.

Lot 84. Forty-six acres two roods thirty - seven perches, David Mairs (68s. per aore), £158 17s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 85. Sixty acres three roods, David Mairs (60s. per acre), £182 5s. the lot.

Lot 86. Sixty acres, Isaac Evans (187s. per acre), £411 tho lot.

Lot 87. Fifty-nine acres thirty perchoä, Alex. M'Oubbin (82s. per aero), £242 IBs. 4d.

the lot

Lot 88. One hundred and fifty-eight acres three roods one perch, David Mairs (48s. per acre), £381 the lot.

Lot 39. One hundred and thirty-eight acres two roods sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (52B. per acre], £860 7s. 2d. the lot.

Lot 40. One hundred and sixty-seven acras one rood thirty-six perches, Thomas Hamil- ton (40s. per acre), £334 19s. the lot.

Lot 41. Ninety-three acres one rood thirty two porches, lîobert Lawson (24s. per acre), £112 20 9d. tho lot.

Lot 42. Ono hundred and one acres two peichcs, Bobeit Lawson (25s.per acre); £126 5s,

the lot.

Lot 48. Two hundred and twonfey-sevon «cres Bix perohes, Eobort Lawson (40s. pjt acre), £454 Is. 6d. tho lot.

Lot 44. Eighty-seven aores one rood, W. J, T. Chuko (59s. per aero), £257 7s. 9d. the lot

Lot 45. Eighty-seven acreB two roods savon perches, W.J.T. Clarke (72s. per acre), £315

81-. 4d. the lot.

Lot 40. Foity-eight acres two roods twenty eix perches, W. J. T. Clarko (68s. per acie),

£166 9a. the lot.

Lot 47. Twelve acres, Bayrnond Vine Ro- bertson (26s. pi r .-.ero), £16 the lot.

Lot 48. Twelve acres, William Morton (22s per aero), £18 4s. the^ot.

Lot 49. Twelve acres, William Jones (253. per acre), £15 the Iotf

Lot 60. Twenty-six acres three roods, S. Palmer (24s. per acre), £32 Hie lot.

Lot 61. Twenty-four acre3 twelve perches, "William Guylor (23s. per ucre), £27 13s. 7d. the lot._

MAIRS. On the 14th inst., of diphtheria, at Pyke's-flat, Pentland Hills, David Mairs, aged two years and six months; also, on the 17th inst., of the same disease, Sarah Jane Mairs, aged six years, the beloved children of David and Sarah Mairs. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1865.)
Pyke's Flat,(or Vale, considered by a poet as a better term) to the best of my understanding,is, or includes, the site of Pyke's Creek Reservoir.

I wondered if there was a Mairs St in Ballan but when I entered MAIRS ST, BALLAN, up came a picture of David Mairs. Then I came to a page which revealed that David Mairs was living in 35 Roslyn Rd, North Blackwood at the time of their marriage. This page which has a copy of the wedding certificate of David and Sarah can quaintly be quickly located by googling "Mairs,Tyalor".

There is no Roslyn Rd in North Blackwood. It may have been today's Allen Creek Rd. There is also no Roslyn Rd in Greendale or Ballan.

6 comment(s), latest 3 months ago


My 2500 page DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND was designed to enable family historians to quickly locate any information I might have about their families. Alexander Sutherland had done the same thing a century earlier in his VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888) but inclusion in his book depended on whether you ordered a copy.
On reaching the part of my summary of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL that concerned the Great War, I tried to find out why Charlie Trewin enlisted at Charlton. In the process, I found out much about the Trewin family; too much to include in the summary. In trying to work out where I would include this information, ease of accessing that particular information (perhaps by a descendant of Yuille and Bess Wilson) was considered, and a new journal with surnames, organisations, farm names etc in alphabetical order seemed the best option.

A year after a name refers to rate records from which the name came. The addition of Bal. indicates that the assessment was in the parish of Balnarring, south of Athurs Seat Rd. Names will be listed firstly from the last assessment available on microfiche, 1919-20 with other names added from earlier assessments and sources such as Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN. The area I have included in my definition of Red Hill extends west to Purves Rd, north to Boundary Rd (and Dromana-Bittern Rd east of Moats Corner), east to properties fronting Red Hill Rd and south to the limits of Melway maps 171, 190 and 191. This journal will take years to grow, so visit it now and again to see if details of your family have been added. I hope I don't miss anyone!

MOAL refers to Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, which contains many anecdotes concerning Red Hill.
ADOD refers to Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.


ADAMS Robert Henry.

In 1873, Robert Henry Adams, son of Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud, married Mary Jane, daughter of William Hopcraft who had immigrated from Poorpastures in the old country. Mary Jane, who described herself as a gentlewoman on the marriage certificate, was not impressed by her father in law's drinking (of his Vivyan Vineyard product) and refused to live in the same house. Robert's choice of another abode, crown allotment 69A, Balnarring would have been influenced by Mary Jane as it was sandwiched between William Hopcraft's grants (70 A and B, Balnarring, across Tucks Rd) and John Hopcraft's grant (27B1Wannaeue, across the Mornington-Flinders Rd.) Robert Anderson signed his application for 69A (a bit over 94 acres) before Robert Anderson J.P. of Barragunda on 15-12-1877.

Robert's selection was bounded by Tucks Rd and Mornington Flinders Rd from their junction to a southern boundary indicated by that of the Ten Minutes by Tractor Wine Co.continued to Tucks Rd. (Melway 190 E11.) Robert persuaded the Captain to vacate Hopetoun House (which stood roughly where the car wash is situated on the west corner of Wattle Place, Rosebud) and the old salt moved to South Melbourne to live with friends. Robert was probably back at Hopetoun House by December 1881 when he was granted the licence for 44 acres on the north side of Hove Rd later granted to J.Bayford. Crown Allotment 69A Balnarring was granted to M.Byrne. (Sources: Documents and family legend supplied by Robert Henry Adams' grandson, Harvey Marshall.)

ADCOCK 1919.

The 1919-20 Assessments show that L. Adcock of Red Hill was the occupant of 42 acres and buildings being part of 20C Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 20C, granted to W.Johnstone on 19-7-1902 and consisting of 130 acres, is bounded by Roberts, Mornington-Flinders and Shands Rds (Melway 190 D12.) Robert H. Johnstone had retained 38 acres of the grant and Mrs Mary Cleave of Red Hill, had 24 acres, pt 20C (no parish mentioned!)

(The Argus, 31-3-1923, p.1.) ADCOCK (nee Elsie Osler) On the 15th March, at Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne, to Mr and Mrs L.F.Adcock, "Ashburnham", Main Ridge, Red Hill, -a daughter, Alwyn Amy (Caesarian birth.)


R.Addicott of Red Hill was assessed on 25 acres, part Crown Allotment 13B, Kangerong. This allotment, granted to Margaret Davies and probably consisting of about 70 acres, is now occupied by the Kindilan Society (Melway 191 A4.)


by Colin McLear, available for purchase from the Dromana Historical Society, has photos etc of the following, regarding Red Hill. Page numbers are given.
27. Jamieson's Special Survey re Tassell, Marshall, Griffith. 35. Griffith. 37. McLear bullock team. 49.McKeown's and Chapman's guest houses in Dromana. 63. Nelson Rudduck. 64. Nelson Rudduck and wife.
71. Griffith. 73. Arkwell's packing shed. 76. Lookout Tower (old lighthouse) on Arthurs Seat.78. William Moat.
86. James and Catherine McKeown. 87. Gracefield homestead in 1964. 87. Beautiful Eva McKeown. 97 and 102. Geo. McLear. 104. James McLear and Alice (nee Prossor.) 120. Frank Moat. 121. Dr Weld. 147. Will (Pop) Littlejohn. 157 Julia and James Clydesdale. 160 Nelson Rudduck, W.J.Mcilroy and Henry Ault.

ANDREW 1919.

M.H.Andrew of Red Hill was assessed on 45 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 12B, Kangerong. Granted to J.Arkwell and consisting of 71.5 acres, this allotment, between Arkwells Lane and Andrews Lane, extends as far north as the Red Hill Recreation Reserve.


The death of Mr Appleyard at Red Hill was reported under the heading of SORRENTO on page 10 of the Argus of 30-9-1927. The correspondent reported that he was an old resident of Sorrento and that he and his late wife had conducted a drapery business there for many years.The Flinders ratebook of 1919-20 shows that Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento was assessed on 197 acres, part crown allotments 19 and 20, Kangerong. The 1910-11 records describe him as a draper of Sorrento and showed that he was assessed on 313 acres. In 1900 he'd been assessed on 546 acres.

Strangely, it would seem, Appleyard was not mentioned in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana". But I think I know why. He would have been as popular around the locality as the local who bid against the Griffith family for their historic homestead block when the Clarkes' share of the survey was sold in 1907. I found reference to a letter he wrote to council in August 1898 stating that he had opened up the road at his property and asking for it to be repaired. I thought it strange that the council decided to take no action and wondered what opening up the road meant. Then I found that the draper had (probably in February) fenced off the road, which led to a water reserve and had ordered off anyone trying to use the road. No wonder the shire treated his request with disdain!

The parish map is hard to read but part of his land may have been issued in 1889. I've also noticed that he had land between Dromana Secondary College and the junction of Harrisons and White Hill Rds. Counting this land, his grants totalled 429 acres. It is almost certain that Thomas had blocked the top of Harrisons Rd and deprived Red Hill residents of access to the water reserve which was probably on the east side of Harrisons Rd where a creek crossed into Moat's grant.

It is certain that Thomas was on that land by 4-5-1892 when the Argus reported on page 3 that George Howat had sold 493 merino wethers for T.Appleyard of Dromana. William John Brady of Mount Evergreen took him to court in 1896 on a charge of sheep stealing but Brady's barrister was not available and the case was adjourned. Appleyard researchers can chase that one up; this is supposed to be a couple of sentences, not a book!It is possible that Appleyard was leasing W.A.Blair's or Hearn's land near Mt Evergreen at the time.

Where had he been previously? Welshpool, Sorrento, Richmond, Fitzroy? I think he might have been at Melway 151 B8. George Howat sold 10 bullocks for Simmons and T.Appleyard of "Dalkeith Park" (Argus 9-3-1882 page 10) and a later sale in the 1880's shows that Howat sold 3000 merino wethers for Alf Downward of Mornington and 1000 for Thomas Appleyard of Dalkeith Park. The latter sale makes it likely that I'm talking about the correct Dalkeith. As these were the only sales conducted by Howat on that day, it is likely that both consignments had been taken to Nelbourne together. I can't remember whether Watson had bought Hearn's grants at that stage but Dalkeith seemed to be chiefly occupied by lessees, such as Alfred Head before Vale bought it later on circa 1890.(Vale's daughter became Mrs Jackson; hence Jackson's Hill at the start of the Mornington turn off.) Appleyard was not the only one to move from Moorooduc parish to Kangerong to acquire a freehold, the Counsel boys did too.

Other trove articles lead me to believe that the late wife of Thomas was Eliza and that Lily was managing the drapery business.It seems obvious that Thomas was a grazier rather than an orchardist as one of his distant ancestors seems to have been.


Much biographical and genealogical detail about John and Hannah Arkwell can be found on page 11 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, which can be purchased at the old shire hall museum at Dromana (Sunday afternoons.)

The article AROUND RED HILL on page 2 of the 30-8-1902 issue of the Mornington Standard states that the 20 acre Arkwell orchard was well laid out and trimmed. Their late father had been the pioneer in the growing of strawberries of which there were 9 acres growing. The sons were doing well supplying flowers for Melbourne florists.

John Arkwell was granted the northern half of his land (12A, Kangerong), on 5-4-1862 and 12B in March 1870. The Red Hill Recreation Reserve is the western half of 12 B. Each allotment consisted of 71 acres 2 roods and 4 perches so the total area of his grants was 143 acres, not 144. John's land was bounded by Arkwells Lane (to its junction with White Hill Rd), a northern boundary heading due east and Andrews Lane (See ANDREW.)

In 1864, the rate collector assessed John Arkwell, the owner, on a 4 roomed house and "land", 3 acres of which was cultivated. By 1865, John was occupying 144 acres (12B as well.) Details were the same in 1879. In 1900, brothers, Herbert, Percy and Walter Arkwell were assessed on 144 acres. In 1910-11, Robert and Percy Arkwell were assessed on 144 acres. By 1919, 45 acres of 12B was occupied by M.H.Andrew; Herbert and Percy Arkwell only being assessed on 25 acres of 12B.The rate collector, blithely unaware that I'd be going through his records with a fine-tooth comb and in a frenzy because of the explosion in the number of ratepayers, had tacked two entries at the end of the riding: W.(Mc?)Roberts (having just moved from Main Ridge to Red Hill) 30 acres, part 12A, and Ewen Forest, Red Hill, 22.5 acres and buildings, part -A.) Thus only 122.5 acres of the 143 acres in 12A,B had been accounted for. Had some of the land been lost to banks? Sheila Skidmore states that 6 acres (of 12B) were purchased from the Arkwells in 1917-8. In his brief history of Red Hill, W.J.Holmes stated that this was called Arkwell's Bush and described the community effort to clear the trees, some of which Bob White carried to Rosebud for sale as firewood.

All Mornington Standard:
6-5-1905 p.5. W.Arkwell donated bulbs for Dromana State School's prize-winning garden.
5-12-1903 p.5. One of the Arkwells was selected in a combined team to play Port Melbourne at Frankston.
9-9-1905 p.5. W.Arkwell was captain of the Red Hill Rifle Club.
18-6-1896 p.2. W.Arkwell was on a Mornington/Red Hill committee to organise autumn and spring shows.
3-9-1896 p.3. Mr Arkwell,Wesleyan lay preacher, was a busy man on Sundays. On the following Sunday he took the Dromana service at 11a.m. and the Red Hill service at 3p.m.

Mornington and Dromana Standard 4-3-1911 p.2. James Connell had pinched Herbert Arkwell's bike.

Argus 24-3-1898 p.6. Ernest Edward Arkwell was kicked in the face while attending a horse on Saturday 22nd. Suffering multiple fractures he was operated on at the Alfred Hospital but was still in a critical condition.


I don't like loose ends and the idea for this entry came to me today while I was researching for the RINGROSE entry in an effort to find a connection between Bryan Ringrose of Smythedale and Brian Ringrose of 18B Kangerong at Red Hill. I want you to imagine that you are a rate collector in the 1860's. How would you list your ratepayers?
If you were a small shopkeeper and allowed credit to your regular customers, the logical way to list them would be alphabetically so you could find their record quickly. This is the method used for the Kangerong Road Board and from the end of the 1860's by the Flinders Road Board. When they merged to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong whose first assessment was made in 1875, the same method was continued. All the shires (Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla) in my previous area of research used geographic listings. It was nearly as quick to locate a ratepayer's name if you knew where they lived and the visualised route you took as you listed them.
To compare the ease of the two methods, imagine a task of listing the residents in your street of a dozen houses where all the neighbours know each other. Wouldn't it be easier to imagine a walk up one side of the street and down the other? If somebody moved out, you would cross out their names and write the names of their replacements, whichever method was used (geographical or alphabetical.) But the next year, if you used alphabetical, the newcomers would have to be written in the correct alphabetical position. And if the newcomer was only leasing for a year, the original name would have to be written in its correct alphabetical position the next time.
Now imagine that the street was a few miles long. If the owner had leased his house to five or so families over a decade, you probably wouldn't remember which house had been occupied by them all. And that is exactly what happened with the Ringrose grant, 18B Kangerong. In geographical listing, the properties would be listed in the same order every year. If a crown allotment was subdivided, acreage for the various settlers could be checked by ensuring that they add up to the total acreage of the crown allotment, although this was rarely done.( A 46 acre block at Tullamarine was called 64 acres for almost a century before it was purchased for the airport!) The only advantage to me with the alphabetical listings is that if the previous occupant's name is written in its correct place, crossed out and replaced with the new occupant's name, this indicates that the latter had probably arrived only a few months before the date of the assessments. (See RINGROSE entry.)

Assessment mistakes. While researching Shand, Huntley, Bennett farms near Craig Avon Lane, I discovered one of the best howlers I've ever seen. In 1897-8, Alfred Ernest Bennett was assessed on 250 acres, specified as being 14A and 79A, Balnarring. (They total 250 acres 1 rood and 6 perches but that's close enough.) In 1898-9, Alfred and H.P.Bennett were also assessed on 352 acres leased from J.H.Aylwin. In 1900-1 Alfred was assessed on the 352 and 250 acres, the former occupied by John Shand. In 1901-2 John Shand was leasing the 352 acres again and it was specified as being 79AB and 78B1. This was also close enough to the correct total: 353 acres and 13 perches.

Have you spotted the howler? Crown allotment 79A was counted as part of the 250 acres and also part of the 352 acres. Poor Alfred Ernest was paying rates on the same 128.5 acre allotment twice while he was residing on Kent Orchard (79B)! He would have been given an account for his rates, which would have been a tenth of the Nett Annual Value, and as the value of land was so low, an additional 128 acres would not make much difference. In 1904-5, William Oswin was leasing Alfed's house and surrounding 7 acres (N.A.V.10 pounds) but the N.A.V. of the 115 acres of 79A was only five pounds more. Alfred's rates on the 115 acres would have been only ten shillings for the year.


Extract from Dromana,Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
THE AULTS AND THE METHODIST CHURCH. Henry William Ault seems to have been a lay preacher in the Methodist Church. He was listed in Wises Dromana trades directory of 1895 as a carpenter. He had lived for many years in Lakes Entrance when he died on 14-11-1934, having remained a stalwart of the church. (Gippsland Times 19-11-1934 page 1.) Harry Ault of Sale had an important task as an engineer in W.W.2. H.J. Ault moved to Mile End in South Australia and named his house Dromana.
Henry William Ault was, by 1875, leasing Joseph Pitchers grant, 72B, Balnarring, of 140 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, at Red Hill. By 1887 he appears to have purchased the block, fronting the east side of Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 E-F5) and now occupied by Mock Orchards. The end of Pardalote Rise indicates its south east corner. (Balnarring parish map, Flinders and Kangerong Shire rates.)
The Dromana Methodist church was built by Brother Ault in May and June 1878 and Henry was an original trustee, along with Rev. Lindsay, John Coles, Edward Barker, Alexander Shand, C.D.Gunson and William McIlroy. (A Dreamtime of Dromana page 124.) Shands, McIlroy and Barkers Rds indicate where three of these trustees lived, and Coles was probably from Minto near Westernport. Brother Crichton had been on the building committee; he probably lived at Glen Lee (Melway 252 K1) but also had bush paddocks nearer to Main Ridge. (See map on page 10.) Nelson Rudduck of Dromana, who was soon to become a stalwart of the church, and J.S.Rudduck (his wife) received a grant of 100 acres (170 J9-10)between Kinwendy Rd and Duells Rd in 1888.
The Rev. Watford pointed out that many of the people in the mountains earned a living by splitting timber but could not get their produce to Dromana because of impassable roads. In view of the Shands, Barkers, McIlroys, Crichtons, Rudducks and Aults living south of this impassable barrier,and other families such as the Hopcrafts (Melway 190 D7 and F9) so opposed to drink that they must have been Methodists*, a church was probably also built at Main Ridge. The Flinders Heritage Study discusses a former Methodist manse being built in Palmerston Ave by Nelson Rudduck for the Main Ridge minister, it is likely that its occupant conducted services at Dromana too.
*Robert Adams wife, a Hopcraft, refused to live at Hopetoun House at Adams Corner (Wattle Place) because of Captain Adams drinking.


The first available assessments, of 8-6-1869, for the Balnarring Division of the Flinders Road District, list the following pioneers near Red Hill.James and Martin Byrne, 134 and 129 acres; Thomas Bullock 59 acres; Hamilton Allen 115 acres; George Wilson 32 acres; Edward Grey 53 acres; William Bayne 2059 acres- some leased by James R.Thomson; William Hopcraft 89 acres; Alfred Head 130 acres; James Pitcher 140 acres; {b]Hill Hillas 40 acres; James McEwan(McKeown)165 acres; Robert Wighton 243 acres and Alex Wighton 319 acres; James McConnell 135 acres; John Oswin 375 acres; Edward Stanley 160 acres; John Caldwell 225 acres; William Gibson 190 acres; George Sherwood 128 acres; James Davey 249 acres; James White (Whyte in Balnarring Byways)160 acres; Thomas Cahill 137 acres; James McCormack 175 acres; John Baldry 145 acres; William Bayne 197 acres; Michael Byrne 151 acres; Robert Kennedy 102 acres and Patrick Kennedy 30 acres; Henry Tuck 970 acres; Charles Graves 382 acres; John Richard and John Snr Barker 3481 acres; Robert Anderson 1967 acres leased from Howitt.

COMMENTS. It is possible that Thomas Cahill and James McCormack were former neighbours near today's Keilor Park. Thomas Cahill was on Gumm's Corner and Edward Cahill had 180 acres south of Broomfield if my memory is correct and Maurice Crotty of "Broomfield"(Melway 15 E4) married a McCormack girl. According to Glen Cotchen, a Crotty family historian, the McCormacks leased a 44 acre farm from George Annand south of the east end of Annandale Rd and called it Chesterfield.

The land held by the pioneers will be described by crown allotment and Melway location unless they are likely to have a separate entry.
BYRNE (Several crown allotments east and west of Byrne Rd at Melway 256 F7. M.Byrne was later granted the land that Robert Henry Adams had held on licence at the north end of Tucks Rd.); BULLOCK (CA 69B,Nepean Estate and T'Gallant Wineries at 190 E-F 10-11); ALLEN ( Surname on parish map is Allan,CA50A,B, 190 G 11-12); GREY (Surname on parish map is Gray, CA 67 A,B, 190 J 11-12); WILSON (CA 66A 255 J1); BAYNE (Much land along Shoreham Rd.); PITCHER (72B, 190 E-F 6, later bought by Henry Ault.) WIGHTON (CA 84, 50, 49 between the line of Tonkins Rd and Merricks Township.) OSWIN (CA 55A,B at 162 A-B12 and 192 A-B1 and CA ? of 63 acres north of Craig Avon Rd, 161 J 9-10); STANLEY (a few miles along Stanley Rd.) CALDWELL- see CALDWELL entry; GIBSON-see GIBSON entry. SHERWOOD (CA 79B, 191 H-J1) DAVEY(CA14A and 55A at 161 J 11-12 and K 10-11.) WHYTE (Location of homestead and the accident causing the death of James are described in Balnarring Byways.)
BALDRY KENNEDY TUCK ANDERSON.It is likely that all four were in the parish of Flinders, between Fingal and Balnarring.

BARKER David 1919.

(See COMMENTS after the journal.)
In 1919 David Barker of Main Creek had just replaced William Shand as the occupant of 19B, section B, Wannaeue. Consisting of just over 105.5 acres and granted to A.Shand on 4-10 18(82?), this crown allotment was at the south corner of Old Main Creek Rd and Shands Rd with Main Creek forming its eastern boundary.(Melway 171 J-K12.)

The Barkers followed Maurice Meyrick on the old Boniyong run and had purchased the pre-emptive right bounded by Limestone, Boneo and Browns Rds, and a southern extension of Grasslands Rd. By 1900,the executors of Mrs S.Barker were assessed on 922 acres including the P.R. and sections 1 and 6C, Fingal and by 1910 the pre-emptive right had been subdivided and occupied by such as Flinders grazier, Andrew Buchanan. Ray Cairns knew of no connection between the Barkers of Main Creek and Boneo but it is possible that there was one; Mentiplay lads from Flinders finished up as bakers at Rosebud and Rye, the latter playing footy for Rye in its first season, 1946. The Davey family of Frankston is another example of a family that expanded into other areas. There is much information about the Barkers of Boneo in Lime Land Leisure. Barkers Rd (254 H2) recalls the Main Ridge pioneers.

Many members of the Barker family were buried in the Flinders Cemetery.

Conclusive proof that the same family owned the Boneo and (parish of )Flinders properties was found at the start of the 1897-8 rates where the big landholdings of the Barkers, Robert Anderson, David Mairs etc had been typed up and placed in the rate book. The rate collector was apparently unaware that "executrix" was the feminine of executor. John Barker, executrix (sic) of the late Susannah Barker, was assessed on the Boniyong pre-emptive right in Wannaeue, the Cape Schanck pre-emptive right in (the parish of) Flinders and crown allotments 2 and 6 in Fingal.

BARRETT 1919 Bal.

Mrs E.Barratt of "Arran" Mornington, was assessed on 208 acres , crown allotment 76A and some gibberish, Balnarring. C.A.76A, consisting of 104 acres and granted to W.Bayne now contains Webb St and Allorn Cherry and Russell Rds. It is likely that the gibberish was meant to be 76B, also 104 acres granted to W.Bayne, accessed by the southern end of Webb St and Russell Rd.

BENNETT A.E. ( 28,29W and 10A K.)

A.E.Bennett of Kent Orchard, on Kentucky Rd, brought the plight of Red Hill's Connell family to the public's attention in letters to the editor; see the CONNELL entry.

An article on page 3 of the Mornington Standard's issue of 5-5-1898 gives excellent detail of how Bennett had utilised his four years of study at the Government's School of Horticulture to improve on the orchard that had been planted on Kent Orchard by a previous owner, probably the grantee in about 1878. Any descendants of Mr Bennett writing a family history will find fantastic detail in this article about the variety of apples, spaces between trees, the use of maize between rows, types of soil, measures to protect the fruit during picking and storage etc.

A.E.Bennett was obviously skilled in the use of the saw and axe and was considering entering these events at the Dromana Show (Mornington Standard 15-12-1898 page 3.) In the following year he offered the Dromana Agricultural and Horticultural Society a gold medal as a prize for export apples and the committee was so impressed with it that they intended to show it off at the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Show. (M.S. 2-3-1899 P.2.)

It seems that A.E.Bennett had leased H.E.Moor's* residence on Balcomb's (sic)Hill near Mornington and was leasing Kent Orchard to Cr W.Oswin of Balnarring**.(M.S. 11-2-1905 page 2, Personal.)

It is strange to find that the trustees of A.E.Bennett, (with W.W.Bennett named) were assessed on land near Main Creek in 1900. Perhaps the A.E.Bennett that was moving to Mornington was A.E.Bennett Junior. Wrong! See the BENNETT-COOKE wedding notice below. The assessment probably should have been on the trustees of William B.Bennett, namely A.E. and W.W.Bennett.

(*Henry Erskine Moors was appointed Shire Secretary, Engineer, Rate Collector and Valuer of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire on 26-3-1898.**The rate record shows that W.Oswin was leasing only the Seven Oaks Farm homestead on 7 acres in 1904-5 while Bennett was assessed on the 115 acres.

This is sheer speculation but A.E.Bennett might have been responsible for the name of Kentucky Rd. On page 4 of The Clarence and Richmond Examiner of 31-7-1897, it is reported that Mr Archibald E. Bennett of Kentucky who had just entered the service of the Commercial Bank, was to become the ledger keeper at Grafton, N.S.W. He would not have been our A.E.Bennett but he could have been a cousin. Kentucky Road's name might also have a connection with Peter Shand's "Kentucky" at Merricks North. Peter, who married John Huntley Jnr's widow, Mary, visited the U.S.A. and one of the Huntley girls was a reporter there according to Bill Huntley. Percy Huntley later owned Kent Orchard and may have applied the name of his mother's homestead to the road.

In 1900, the A.E.Bennett(sic) trustees were assessed on 644 acres in the parish of Wannaeue. It seems that he had 29A and 28AB totalling 626 acres which is all that land between Main Creek and Mornington-Flinders Rds for the length of William Rd.(Melway 191 A-D 2-6.) I wonder if the name of William Rd was bestowed to honour A.E.Bennett's father, William.B.Bennett. who had died before Alf's wedding in 1902. The assessment probably should have been on the trustees of William B.Bennett, namely A.E. and W.W.Bennett.

Sheila Skidmore, in discussing efforts to get a railway to Red Hill on page 51 of THE RED HILL, mentions a meeting at the first schoolhouse in 1899 at which A.Bennett was elected secretary of the new railway league.This was probably A.E.Bennett.

I am treading cautiously here because Red Hill was a name that applied to many places other than "Red Hill: Beauty by the Bay".
The Argus 23-12-1902 page 1. Marriages. BENNETT-COOKE. Alfred Ernest Bennett of Seven Oaks Farm, Red Hill, eighth son of the late William B.Bennett of South Yarra married Isabel May Cooke who hailed from Tasmania. A possible connection with William Rd, just over Mornington-Flinders Rd from W.H.Blakeley's land! The announcement must have been somewhat delayed because Personal Pars on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 22-11-1902 mentioned that Mr A.E.Bennett had arrived at his residence "Seven Oaks Farm" a few days ago with his bride and was tendered a musical evening by his many friends.

I'm no longer walking on ice but now I have to find out where "Seven Oaks" was. The wife of A.E.Bennett of Seven Oaks, Red Hill,(i.e. Isabel May) gave birth to a son at Mornington on August 3. (Argus 8-8-1903 P.9.)

I have not found where Seven Oaks was but it was occupied by James and Elizabeth Hinds by 1915 when their son Will was killed in action in Egypt.(Argus, 26-10-1915 page 1.) When I discover the location of the farm, it will be written only in the SEVEN OAKS entry.

CHARLES BENNETT of St Kilda was assessed on 172 acres of crown allotment 10 Kangerong in 1910-11. He may have been a brother of Alfred Ernest Bennett and the C.H.Bennett who had 36 acres of Cooma, 13 Balnarring in 1901-2.

BENNETT IN THE RATE BOOKS. The following was transcribed in an effort to establish the locations of Kent Orchard, Seven Oaks Farm and James Hinds' Seven Oaks.
1897-8. Alfred Ernest Bennett owned 250 acres, 14A and 79A Balnarring.(Occupier K.Parker.) I chose this year to start my research because the article about Kent Orchard was written in May 1898. BENNETT WAS FIRST ASSESSED IN 18__-__.
1898-9. A.E.Bennett and H.P.Bennett were occupying the same 250 acres, owned by A.E.Bennett, and Alfred Ernest Bennett was leasing 352 from J.H.Aylwin. As explained in the ASSESSMENTS entry, Alfred was paying rates twice on 79A as its 115 acres were added to 14A to make up the 250 acres and to 79B and 78B1 to make up the 352 acres.
1899-1900. Alfred and {b]Henry P.Bennett were assessed on 352? acres and 250 acres, both owned by Alf.
1900-1. This must have been when The Bennetts went overseas as mentioned by Bill Huntley. John (Peter) Shand was leasing the whole 602* acres from A.E.Bennett. John Shand was the second husband of Bill Huntley's grand-mother, Mary Huntley. (*487 acres if 79A is not counted twice!)
1901-2. Alf still owned both parcels but since he was occupying the 250 acres and John Shand the 250 acres, I wonder who actually was occupying 79A. Henry Erskine Moors realised there was something that didn't make sense about the 352 acre total from the specified 79AB, 78B1, hence his question mark; the problem was that 79A was part of the 250 acres and also part of the 352 acres.
1902-3. The same as above but we now know who were on 79A or "Seven Oaks Farm" in November, 1902: Alfred Ernest Bennett and the former Miss Isabel May Cooke. I wonder whether they had met during the "Season" in London in 1900-1. The rate collector still hadn't worked out whether 79A was part of the 250 or 352 acres and to make matters worse, he assessed William W.Bennett on 14A Balnarring of 121 acres. Bill Huntley has told me that 79A of 128 acres was definitely Seven Oaks Farm. Crown allotment 14A, which later became Huntley/Shand land, consisted of 121 acres and with Seven Oaks Farm made up the 250 acre total, so both Alfred and William were paying rates on 14A! C.H.Bennett, perhaps one of Alf's seven brothers, had 36 acres on Cooma, 13,Balnarring which was on the north west corner of Tubbarubba and Bittern-Dromana Rd.

Robert H.Morris, from Penbroke in Wales, had 121 acres that he called Pembroke, across Tubbarubba Rd from 13A, the grant of his father-in-law, Edward Jones of Spring Farm and Penbank at Moorooduc. Robert and his wife lived at one stage on the block now occupied by Penbank School (Melway 146 G6.) Pembroke Drive, in Somerville, may owe its name to Robert's place of origin because his sister-in-law, Mrs Unthank, another of the Jones girls, had the orchard there before the Bullens.
1903-4. A.E.Bennett was assessed only on Seven Oaks Farm, a house on 10 acres (N.A.V. 10 pounds) and 115 acres (N.A.V.15 pounds) on 79 A Balnarring. This crown allotment consisted of about 128.6 acres so the land only assessment should have been on 118 acres. William W.Bennett was assessed on 14A of 121 acres. C.H.Bennett was recently replaced by Archibald McGregor Lennox on the 36 acres of 13 Balnarring.
1904-5. As reported in the newspaper article, Alfred had leased his farm to Cr W.Oswin but Oswin was only assessed on the house and seven acres and Alfred on 115 acres (a total of 122 acres instead of 128!) John (Peter) Shand was now assessed on 14A, which eventually became John Shand's "Kentucky" and Percy Huntley's "Rosslyn".
1905-6. A.E.Bennett was assessed on 115 acres 79A, Balnarring.

SEVEN OAKS FARM. 79A Balnarring,128.6 acres, Melway 161 J pt11,12 and left half of K12, bounded by Craig Avon Lane (N) and Red Hill Rd (W).
KENT ORCHARD, 79B Balnarring, 128.6 acres, Melway 191 H- (left half of) K 1 and (top half of) 2, fronting Red Hill Rd from just north of the Kentucky Rd corner to the north boundary of the Port Phillip Estate Winery.
78B1, 95 acres, Melway H/K (bottom half of) 2 following the boundaries of the southern extension of the Port Phillip Winery to Stanleys Rd, frontage of 330 metres to Stanley Rd with No. 96 being near its midpoint.
14A Balnarring,(Later Kentucky and Rosslyn, both homesteads still there at 214 and 212 Bittern-Dromana Rd), Melway 161 K 10-11 north of Bittern-Dromana Rd with the south west corner at the bend in Craig Avon Lane.

The name of Junction Rd, which leads from the north end of Red Hill Rd (Melway 161 H 12) seems strange because it does not lead to a junction. There is a junction of Red Hill and Dromana -Bittern Rds at the aforementioned location but this came much later than the original junction which no longer exists. The junction of the road from Dromana to Bittern and Bulldog Creek Rd was at Melway 161 J7. Myers Rd was named after a latish pioneer about whom there is considerable detail in Charles Hollinshed's LIME LAND LEISURE. It would not surprise me to find a reference in about 1880 to a tender for roadworks on the Bittern Dromana road near the Firths' properties; that is on Myers Rd east of Tubbarubba Rd. Myers Rd is shown on the Kangerong and Balnarring parish maps and I believe that is was part of the original route from Dromana and Bittern; it leads straight to the Bittern station.

The part of this route between Melway 161 D6 and 161 J 7 no longer exists, the same situation applying to Bulldog Creek Rd south of Wallaces Rd. The land near these two portions of closed road was probably reserved from alienation by the Crown at the request of many locals, being the site of the Tubbarubba diggings. Bernard Eaton was probably the last to conduct large-scale gold mining here from the late 1880's and it is possible that the Government, almost bankrupt because of the 1890's depression, decided to sell this diggings land, Alfred and Caroline Downward buying much of it.

The Clydesdale, Moat and Peatey lads would have tramped along this now-closed road every day to work at Eaton's mine but by 1900 there would have only been a few fossickers left. The road was probably deplorable and the Dunns Creek crossing may have been too difficult to bridge so at about that time Dunns Creek Rd was diverted along the west bank of Dunns Creek to Melway 165 F9 and then headed south east to the bottom of G9, where it ran east with a short turn to the north east as it met Junction Rd just south of No 8 Junction Rd. From there, travellers would turn right to continue eastward along Craig Avon Lane.

Land fronting the new road on the west side was sold to William Joseph McIlroy(whose diary supplied much information for Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL)in 1902 and Caroline Downward on the east side in 1905. Caroline's 118 acres 1 rood 12 perches (called 120 acres in rate records)had a frontage to the closed road of 1475 metres and a similar frontage to the new road. Andrew Fritsch and Charles A Fritsch had land fronting Junction Rd north and south of the new road.

There must have been complaints about the detour south along Junction Rd to Craig Avon Lane and in about 1920 the road was deviated southward from 161 F9 taking its present course along the east bank of Dunns Creek and turning to the north east at Junction Corner to meet the old route at 161 J11. The Balnarring parish map is labelled "C.R.B. 1920 30A (probably Crown allotment) and C70704" on the portion of new road east of Red Hill Rd.

Who was responsible for the new (1920) road? None other than Red Hill identity, William Calder, chairman of the C.R.B.The realignment of Red Hill Rd at Melway 191 C6, in 1921, was probably also the work of William Calder; the original course was along Station St.


G.M.Black of Emerald Nurseries, Upper Packenham was assessed on 747 acres, lot 15, part lot 14 special survey. Lot 14, consisting of 532.875 acres now contains Wallaby Downs (Melway 161 H5) and across Wallaces Rd was section 15, consisting of nearly 354.5 acres between Bulldog Ck and Bulldog Ck Rd.
(Source: Subdivision map of the Clarke Estate in 1907 transposed onto Melway.)


Sheila Skidmore gives much detail about William Henry Blakeley in THE RED HILL. He was from Sheffield so it was no surprise that he became a saw maker. Sheila mentions a ship that he purchased in partnership with Captain Moore to carry firewood to Melbourne and return with supplies; it was wrecked when it was swept back onto sandbanks a long way offshore after setting sail from Dromana in a strong northerly. (See MOORE entry.)

As mentioned in my journal THE RED HILL, William Henry Blakeley had his premises in Melbourne at 115 Lonsdale St. Sheila Skidmore mentions that William Henry Blakeley bought and extended the post office, adding a bakery that was probably never used. This work was said to have been carried out for the benefit of his son-in-law, George Cousins. Having seen the name written elsewhere as Cussens, I searched and found the following Silver Wedding notice.
Cussons-Blakeley. On 15 June 1892 at the Methodist Church, Kew, George F.Cussons, only son of George Cussons, Stockport, England to Martha, third daughter of W.H.Blakeley, "Ecclesall?", Elphin grove, Glenferrie. Present address: Commercial bank of Australia, Wycheproof. (Argus 23-6-1917 page 11.) I had gained the impression, from page 23 of THE RED HILL that George and Martha had been married in the late 1870's.Perhaps Blakeley did not buy the post office and extend it until about 1890.

William Henry Blakeley died at his residence, 19 Clarke St, St Kilda on 24-4-1921. His wife's name was Annie and their children were Jenny, Lizzie, Martha, Emily, Florrie, Leslie, Grace and Willie. (Argus 26-4-1921 P 1.) One of the girls must have married Mr Scott. Emily, the fourth daughter who died on 9-4-1955, did not marry but was the fond aunt of Beryl and Tim Scott of 6 Palmerston St, Camberwell. The great coincidence was that Daisy Maria Jarman who lived only 605 metres south of the Blakely land, died on exactly the same day and her death notice was in the same paper.

Sheila states that William Henry Blakely purchased his land from the grantee, R.H.Holding, in 1870. Sheila also stated that Richard Holding was the first teacher at the Red Hill State School in 1873 but only lasted for a short time. Crown Allotment 72A,of 140.5 acres, which was granted to Holding on 20-2-1865, is indicated by the Consolidated School site plus Melway 190 E-F 4. In 1919, William Henry Blakeley (115 Lonsdale St, Melbourne)retained only 80 acres, Thomas Chapman being assessed on the other 60 acres.

The assessments of 29-7-1889 show that William Henry Blakeley was occupying 775 acres in the parish of Wannaeue, that is west of the Mornington-Flinders Road.

Notice is hereby given that William Henry Blakeley and William Hartley have entered into a partnership as sawmakers and ironmongers and the business will be carried on at 116 Russell St under the style of "W.H.Blakeley and Hartley." Dated this 30th day of April, 1878. (Argus 1878 page 8.)

Blakeley did not purchase the Holding grant in 1870 unless the Flinders District Road Board rate collector was way behind the times. I have known rate collectors to be a little slow to change details, such as to record that somebody was leasing from the Crown after the land had been granted. However Robert Henry Holding was assessed on 72A of 140 acres in the assessments of 7-6-1870, 8-6-1871, 11-5-1872 and 14-6-1873. In the assessment of 13-6-1874, William Henry Blakely (sic) was said to be leasing the 140 acres from Joseph Blakely. I think the rate collector made a mistake regarding the owner; he was probably thinking of Joseph Pitcher, the grantee of 72B, also 140 acres, adjoining Blakeley's land on the south.This was the last year of the Road Board as it combined with the Kangerong Road Board to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong.

The Shire's first assessments on 2-10-1875 recorded William Henry Blakeley as the owner and occupier and stated that there were two houses on the property. Henry Ault was leasing Joseph Pitcher's grant to the south.

Hec Hanson was born on 14-2-1913 and when he was about six (I'd say nearly 7 because of the 1919-20 rates) 69 acres of 70B Balnarring at the top end of Tucks Rd was sold to the Lessings from Carrum along with what I presume was William Hopcraft's beautiful old two storey homestead with cherry trees along one side and apple trees along the other. Hec's dad, Alf, had another house built on 20 acres on the north side of the property by Littlejohn the builder, and while this was done the Hansons lived in a house on W.H.Blakeley's property.

I quote Hec."We had to walk to school (from the Tucks Rd property) and did so through the back of Jarman's property. There were plenty of "teddy bears" (koalas)around in those days, especially up on W.H.Blakeley's land." We can visualise Hec's walks to school following the opening of the new school on 16-9-1920. Hec's house was at Melway 150 F9, now the Maritime Estate. The new site was bought from W.A.Holmes and Keith Holmes tells me that it was at 190 H4. The Church of England bought the school at auction on 1-6-1955 and named it St George's.Join the dots!


John Bowring Journeaux was a grantee of land in the northern part of Balnarring parish. He was probably a descendant of the families of Messrs Bowring and Journeaux of Collingwood who had manufactured some tobacco by blending locally grown and imported product.(Argus 29-11-1864 page 5.) This Mr Bowring was most likely Joseph Paul Bowring who was described as a baker of Wellington St, Collingwood in his wedding announcement (Argus 11-1-1854 page 4.) He became a magistrate and Collingwood councillor. A very interesting coincidence is that a Mr Fritsch was a fellow Collingwood councillor at about the time that Joseph died. As you will see the Fritsch name appears as an entry in this history.

John Journeaux who was a warehouseman (owner, not worker) in Swanston St, and most likely the grantee, was convicted of forgery, the victim apparently being William McIlroy of Dromana, and sentenced to two years jail. (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 12-2-1879 page 2.) Joseph Paul Bowring died at the relatively early age of 54 at his residence, 58 Wellington St, Collingwood.(Illustrated Australian News 12-3-1881.)Joseph Paul Bowring was a man the Red Hill Bowrings would be pleased to claim as an ancestor; he was certainly the type of boss any worker would want. (Argus 2-6-1860 page 5-Letter: The Journeymen Bakers.)

Hopefully Red Hill's Eddie Bowring was not living at Chilwell, aged 21 in 1893. This Edward was charged with a stabbing in Geelong! (Argus 25-9-1893 page 6.) Edward Bowring, the father of Red Hill's Eddie Bowring lived in Mt Alexander Rd, Essendon and it is possible that an uncle had run the Coburg Electrical Service with a Mr Stubbs. Eddie must have arrived in Red Hill in about August 1901 as "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 stated that he had been on his Village Settlement block for twelve months. Why was Thomas Harvey building a house on his block? The details of his crops are in the Village Settlement journal.

Eddie Bowring was no slouch as a cyclist. He had ridden his bike to Melbourne, probably to visit his parents in Essendon, and decided to "open her up" on the way back to Red Hill. He made it in just over three hours!
(Mornington Standard 26-4-1902 page 2.)

March 1903 was a busy month for Eddie. Firstly he was best man in the wedding of Fred Wheeler and Miss Goodman at Brunswick on Friday 6th and then he married Emily, the eldest daughter of Mr T.Harvey "Fernside" Red Hill on the 11th. Eddie was the eldest son of Edward of Essendon. His best man was Will Bowring, late of Red Hill and his groomsman was Mr E.Harvey. The bridesmaids were Sophie Harvey and Gertie Bowring. (Both items, M.S. 21-3-1903.)

George Higgens was a councillor and real estate agent, honoured by oldtimers who named a corner after him. I presume that his daughter, Edna, married(C?).H.Bowring of Red Hill. Their daughter, Aubrey Winifred, was born at the Bush Nursing Hospital, Dromana on 21 November. (Argus 29-11-1930 page 13.) In 1955, her parents,Mr and Mrs E.H.Bowring of "Heathfield", Red Hill announced her engagement to Walter Bruce Kells , from Alexandra. (Argus 14-2-1955 page 9.)

H.Bowring won a prize at the Red Hill Show in 1938. (Argus 27-10-1938 page 9.)

Was there a Dessie Bowring who married a Roberts from Main Ridge? (Births, Roberts, Argus 16-4-1921 page 11.)
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the southern half of Prossors Lane (190 J-K6.)
In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A 11.

Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Fred, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

BROWN 1919.

In the 1919 assessments, Isaac W.Brown of Red Hill was listed as the occupant of 24 acres and buildings, part 9A and 20A, Wannaeue. This makes little sense to me because William G.C.Roberts of Main Creek had all 175 acres of 20A. Crown allotment 9A Wannaeue was part of 626 acres 1 rood and 20 perches in Wannaeue and Fingal granted to M.E.Capples according to the Wannaeue map and M.E.Green according to the Fingal map.

There is no mention of any other occupants of small blocks on 9A but I had seen small blocks specified as being on the Billingham Estate. Then I saw an assessment for (Florence?)A.Bellingham for 147 acres, part 9A,24B Wannaeue, lots 1, 4-8 and part 3.

Crown allotment 9A (Melway 254 E4 and D 5-6 roughly) was a battleaxe block of nearly 216 acres fronting Greens Rd, Limestone Rd and the same part of Baldrys Rd as the Main Ridge Equestrian Ground and Pony Club.It surrounded crown allotment 8 of 161 acres granted to John Baldry, in which the Baldry Circuit Walk follows the southern and western boundary before crossing the creek into 9A.

Crown allotment 24B of 145 acres, another battleaxe block with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd, was granted to Nelson Rudduck. It is roughly indicated by Melway 171 J-K3 and K4. The Billingham Estate therefore consisted of 360 or 361 acres; as 147 acres remained unsold, 214 acres must have been occupied. Apart from Isaac Brown, the only other purchaser (*whose details I transcribed) was Robert G.White of Main Creek who had lot 9 of the Billingham Estate, consisting of 13 acres. (*The 1919-20 rate book is as long as the Bible and many estates were listed separately.)

BULLDOG CREEK RD. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.


(Standard, Frankston, 31-10-1946, p.4.) SILVER WEDDING. Mr and Mrs E.F.Buntrock have much pleasure in announcing the 25th anniversary of their wedding at Prahran on October 29, 1921. "Thuruna", Red Hill.


George Burston of Fitzroy had acquired a huge area near Red Hill by 1919. In the West Riding he had 368 acres of the Burrells' Arthurs Seat 640 acre pre-emptive right, and in the Central Riding (Dromana, Red Hill etc) he had 189 acres (part crown allotment 4 section 3 Kangerong), 80 acres (25C Wannaeue), 440 acres (part 28A, 28B Wannaeue). Crown allotments 28A and B Wannaeue comprised 295 acres so you can see how difficult it is to make sense of the assessments at times.These allotments were between Main Creek Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway A-D 5-6.) 25C Wannaeue of 79.6 acres is on the south corner of Pindara Rd and Purves Rd (Melway 171 F-G1 and F2.) The Kangerong land was about two thirds of E.Calwell's 297 acre grant that is now housing near Devon St, Somerset Drive and Manna St and the Hillview Quarry (Melway 159 K 9-12.)

(Ernest, Robert, Robert G and Albert C.White between them were recorded as having three 53 acre blocks on 28A, which rings true because 28A consists of almost 159 acres. Therefore Burston did not have 28A and B.
The 440 acres of land was possibly part of the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right.


In 1919, William Calder of Armadale was assessed on 591 acres in crown allotment 18A and part 17A Kangerong. This information is completely useless because 18A (apparently the homestead block of Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds) consisted of 60 acres and the whole of 17A was only 77 acres. William was also assessed on 43 acres, 13C, Kangerong. (Bottom half of Melway A-B2 and top half of A-B3, bisected by the tributary labelled Dunns Creek. Nashs Lane runs to the midpoint of the southern boundary.) It seems obvious that much of the unexplained 591 acres was former McIlroy land as William John and James McIlroy had 1205 acres in 1910 but their descendants only had 644 acres in 1919.

Also in 1919, S.P.Calder had 12 acres, part 18B. The parish map seems to indicate that he was granted 18C of 22 acres west of Four Winds (east half of 161 A12), which with an unclear tied block made a total of 24 acres; the 12 acre block must have been 18D (the middle longitudinal third of Melway 190 K1)which was surrounded on the east and north by the battleaxe Ringrose grant.
The following is the start of William Calder's biography from the Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Calder, William (18601928)
by Roger J. Southern

William Calder (1860-1928), engineer, was born on 31 July 1860 at his father's sheep-farm at Lovell's Flat, Milton near Dunedin, New Zealand, only son of Arthur Calder and his wife Margaret Milne, ne Strachan. Calder was educated at the local school at Milton and the Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin in 1876-77. From 1881 he attended engineering lectures at Otago University before entering the New Zealand Government Survey Department as a cadet in October 1883; after five years practical training he passed the authorized surveyors' examination with credit in July 1888.

Later that year Calder came to Victoria and worked in private engineering and surveying firms. In October 1889 he became assistant town surveyor for the City of Footscray, and in July 1890 town engineer. At night he studied to gain certificates as municipal engineer (1890) and engineer of water-supply (1892). From December 1897 to March 1913, Calder was city engineer and building surveyor to the City of Prahran. Among his achievements were construction of, allegedly, the first asphalted carpet-road surface and the first refuse destructor in Australia, and the completion of a major drainage project.

By 1912 the appalling condition of Victoria's rural roads was a major concern to both farmers and motorists. That year a Country Roads Board was set up and Calder was appointed chairman, with W. T. B. McCormack and F. W. Fricke as the other members. In its first two years, the board travelled ceaselessly, inspecting a road system neglected by indigent municipalities since the building of the railways. A meticulous note-taker and enthusiastic photographer, Calder recorded the board's progress; his notes were transcribed and used as a basic reference for many years. Maps were published in 1914 and 1915 showing the roads selected for improvement. The board was endlessly tactful in receiving interest groups pressing for various improvements, while insisting on high standards of construction and financial control.

William Calder was Chairman of the C.R.B. until 1928, the year of his death. In 1929, "Four Winds" was sold by George Higgens.
(The Argus 29-10-1929 page 14.) RED HILL PROPERTY SOLD. Late Mr W.Calder's Home. The country home known as The Four Winds at Red Hill, which was the property of the late Mr William Calder, chairman of the Country Roads Board, has been purchased by Mr E.E.Thompson of Flete avenue, Malvern. The house is modern in design and construction, and has fine grounds, to the improvement of which Mr Calder devoted much of his leisure time. The sale was made through the agency of Mr George Higgens of Red Hill.

William Calder died at the home of his son-in-law (Mr Lewis)on 18th February, 1928.(Argus 20-2-1928, page 1.)
The Frankston and Somerville Standard reported on page 1 of its 11-1-1929 issue that the Melbourne to Mildura road via Bendigo formerly known as the North-western Highway was to be renamed the Calder Highway as a tribute to William Calder, who was a good friend of the peninsula (more). William did not spend all of his leisure time on the gardens at Four Winds. He was Chairman of the Red Hill Show Committee and unfortunately I haven't been able to locate a great article that I read over a year ago about the void that had been left by his death and how the other members of the committee had taken on extra workloads to ensure a successful show.

See the RAILWAY OPENING entry re William Calder.


The Caldwell name appears on many parish maps as far north as Somerville. This would indicate that the family had plenty of money, but this came to an end in 1891 due to the depression, and without any experience, the family planted an orchard at Somerville, with the trees far too close together. (Mornington Standard 2-7-1896 page 3.) I've forgotten the name of the nursery they established there (perhaps it's in my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC journal) but I remember that they were the first to export fruit trees to China.

I this work, I will concentrate on the Caldwell grants in the parishes of Balnarring and Kangerong. John Caldwell was mentioned in the BALNARRING PIONEERS entry. He had 225 acres which could not be in the parish of Kangerong. He had 34A (almost 132 acres granted on 11-2-1876) and 35A(a bit over 94 acres granted on 4-4-1875, in the parish of Balnarring, which fronted the east side of Merricks Rd from Stanleys Rd to the Frankston-Flinders Rd (roughly Melway 192 E6 and F 7-9.) His frontage to the south side of Stanleys Rd was 883 metres and the southern boundary of 35A was only 170 metres along Frankston-Flinders Rd. As you can see, these two grants make up the 225 acres on which John was assessed on 8-6-1869.

In the parish of Kangerong, Robert Caldwell was granted 10 B of about 172 1/2 acres on 30-1-1868. This allotment is south of Tumbywood Rd (Melway 160 F-J 12)with an Arthurs Seat Rd frontage of only 214 metres east of Sheehans Rd.
E.Caldwell was granted Crown Allotment 4, section 3, consisting of almost 298 acres. Today this allotment consists of the Hillview Quarry land and a subdivision of Spencer Jackson's off Boundary Rd with streets named after counties and Jackson himself. (Melway 159 J-K 9-12.)Caldwell Rd (159 G 9-10), the west boundary of "Gracefield", honours the Caldwell family.
W.Caldwell was granted Crown Allotment 2 of section 2 of 167 acres. This allotment is bisected by Shergolds Lane and extends 200 metres on each side of this road.(Roughly F 6-9.) This member of the Caldwell clan was presumably about to leave the colony at the end of 1858 when the 167 acre allotment was advertised by Alexander Young and Co. with the title being a Crown grant.(Argus 31-12-1858 page 2, column 4.)


In the centre riding the Chambers and Steane Estate, whose address was in Melbourne, was assessed on 32 acres crown allotment (6?)D and 20 acres, part 29A, section B, Wannaeue. In the West Riding, Chambers and Steane were assessed on 84 acres, lots 29-33 and 39-47, part crown allotments 31C and 31D Wannaeue.

The 32 acre land is a mystery. I thought that it was probably in Crown allotment 6 of section 1 Kangerong,
with D being my abbreviation for Dromana, but Archibald Vine Shaw had 18 of its 37 acres.Section D (suburban blocks)is between Tower Rd and the chairlift line on the western boundary of Arthurs Seat State Park but no two allotments total 32 acres.

Crown allotment 29A, section B, Wannaeue, consisting of 331 acres and granted to Ben Hards, is bounded by Main Creek Rd, Arthurs Seat Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 B-D 3-4.)

Crown allotments 31 C and D , granted to Dromana pioneer, John Townsend, and consisting of 147 acres altogether, is bounded by Hove Rd, Bayview/Old Cape Schanck Rd, Waterfall Gully Rd and Rosebud Ave (Melway 170 G 4-5.)

CHAPMAN 1919 Bal.

Thomas Chapman, Red Hill, was assessed on 60 acres and buildings, part 9A and 72A, Balnarring. The only way I can make sense of 9A, is crown allotment 9 of section A, Dromana Township. Consisting of 2 roods (half an acre) this was on the west corner of Grant St and Latrobe Pde (Melway 159 E8.) CROWN ALLOTMENT 9 BALNARRING IS IN BITTERN NORTH!

Crown allotment 72A Balnarring was Robert Henry Holding's grant (Melway 190 E-F4) which became William Henry Blakeley's 140 acres and on which the Consolidated School is situated. In 1919, Blakeley had 80 acres and Thomas Chapman the rest.

Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA had much information about the Chapmans.
Thomas Chapman (1868-1941) was the second child of George Chapman, the founder of "Seawinds" on Arthurs Seat. The Dromana block was probably where George, who died in 1898, lived while he was hauling timber off Arthurs Seat in 1862 although he later bought land and built a house near James St or Thomas St in Dromana (Melway 159 H7.)
The triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerstone Ave,Crown Allotment 1, Section 1 Kangerong, consisted of 43 acres.In 1910, Edith Chapman, farmer, Red Hill, was assessed on a lot on this triangle and I believe that the streets on it were named by, or in in honour of, the Chapmans. Thomas St could be named after Red Hill's Thomas,George St after his father or Dromana's blacksmith, and James St after younger brother James (1863-1953) who established Belmont Guest House in Dromana.
When Thomas was about 8, George moved to Arthurs Seat and cleared his selection over the years with the help of John (1866-1901), Thomas and James. John and James were lured by the gold rush of the 1890's in Western Australia, while James stayed on Sea Winds, and they established a water condensing enterprise in Kalgoorlie. Thomas returned to Red Hill, becoming an orchardist and serving as a councillor . When John died in Bunbury, his wife Edith, nee Sheehan returned with their little daughter to her family at Red Hill.
Thomas Chapmans youngest sister, Janet, born in 1877, lived with Thomas and Kate at Red Hill and later at Frankston.

There was an obituary for Mrs T.Chapman on page 4 of the Standard (Frankston) of 7-3-1941. She had died at her residence, Beach St, Frankston on March 1st.She and her husband were old residents of Red Hill and since moving to Frankston had been involved with the Presbyterian Church. She left behind her husband, two daughters and one son. (Thomas obviously died soon after if Colin McLear's details were right.) The pall bearers were Crs Rudduck and Higgins (sic*) and Messrs J.J.Griffiths, R.Holmes, J.Watson, E.Trewin. The funeral was at the Frankston Cemetery with Messrs E.Turner, V.C.Francis, E.Haig and C.J.Clarke as coffin bearers.(*George Higgens.)

Colin McLear's claim that Thomas became a councillor was correct (although the road board had become a shire by then!) The details of his election to fill the vacancy caused by Cr Nowlan's death were on page 2 of the 19-9-1908 issue of the Mornington and Dromana Standard.Despite (Andrew?) Buchanan gaining a huge majority at the Flinders booth, Thomas achieved landslides the other way at Red Hill and Dromana to win 109 to 91.
P.S. It was Andrew Buchanan that Thomas defeated.

Thomas was sometimes distracted from his orchard and council affairs by poultry matters such as his prize white leghorns (M&D Standard 29-9-1909 page 2.) Thomas died on December 21, 1941 and his obituary was on page 1 of the Standard (Frankston) of 2-1-1942. His son's name was Edgar. Pall bearers and coffin bearers are listed. The Turner, Francis and Haig families appear to have been close to Thomas and Kate.

Having seen that Mr Chapman often conducted Methodist services at Red Hill, I was puzzled about Thomas and Kate's association with the Presbyterian Church at Frankston until I found that the lay preacher was H.W.Chapman.

Thomas Chapman was heavily involved with the Dromana Literary Society (Mornington Standard 21-7-1892 page 2) and the Dromana and Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society.

CLEAVE 1919.

Mrs Mary Cleave, probably a widow, was assessed on 24 acres and buildings, part 20C, Wannaeue. (See ADCOCK.) See the SHEEHAN entry re Reg Sheehan's poem "In Memory of the Late Albert Cleave".

W.Cleave was a member of the Red Hill Rifle Club. (Mornington Standard 9-9-1905 p.5.)

CLEINE 1919 K & Bal.

Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
In 1879, Charles Cleine was leasing 50 acres from the Crown. In 1900, Charles Cleine had 52 acres and Thomas Henry Cleine 45 acres, both in Kangerong. Karl Cleine had 30 acres at Red Hill, north of Perry Rd in 1919. One of the Cleine girls married Alec Clydesdale.

Extract from my journal THE RED HILL.
Charles, the first of the Cleine family came from Groningen, now part of Holland. He ran away from home at the age of 12 to avoid compulsory military training and retained his pacifist belief which caused arguments at Cleine's Corner between him and Mr (CHARLES?) White. He had a certificate for a donkey engine and worked for L.L.Smith building bridges. He married and had a large family. A little grave near the homestead site in the valley is marked by moss roses.

The 1919-20 assessments reveal the location of the Cleine land at that time. Karl had 30 acres and buildings, part of crown allotment 14A, Kangerong. This allotment, of 103 acres and granted to William McIlroy on 8-1-1889, was east of (and parallel to, and of 25% more depth than) the Kindilan Society land, with its south east corner on Mechanics Rd near the C.F.A. Fire Station. The properties of 50 or 52 acres and 45 acres must have been absorbed by 1919, so their locations cannot be determined.

A phone call to Keith Holmes revealed that Charles Cleine married Elizabeth, the daughter of the original McIlroy. Cleine's Corner is the corner of Arthurs Seat and Mechanics'* Rds. The moss covered grave and homestead were on crown allotment 14A, north of Cleine's Corner.
(* POSTSCRIPT.The sharp-eyed Sybil Cumming,grand daughter of Carl Cleine, spotted an error which has now been corrected. Thanks, Sybil.There will be much more detail about the Cleines and their descendants in RED HILL MEMOIRS POST 1940 after the Back to Red Hill on 22 March, 2015.)

The 50 acres earlier leased from the Crown may have been near the sites of the Two Bays Estate and Foxy's Hangout Wineries at Melway 190 J2. The state school and Mr Wiseman's blacksmith shop were near this location according to Keith. They would have been on crown allotment 18 Kangerong which seems to have been surveyed as suburban blocks in the original Red Hill Township. The Cleines were still in this area in 1902. Thomas Cleine had 8 acres of young orchard and extensive strawberry patches on his block, which was described as being opposite the state school and blacksmith shop and opposite the Arkwells. This orchard seems to have been across White Hill Rd from the winery site (on 10B Kangerong, granted to Robert Caldwell and seemingly subdivided by 1879.)

On our history tour, Bill Huntley told me of land the Cleines had near Fenton Hall at the north end of Merricks Rd; they also had a saw mill in the area.


The 1919-20 assessments show that Owen Clements had recently bought bought 45 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 26A, Kangerong, from Martha Clydesdale. It was actually the whole of 26A, granted to James Clydesdale, today situated between the Dromana-Red Hill boundary and Gibb Rd (which starts at the midpoint of the Bittern rd frontage.) Martha Clydesdale now had 20 acres in E.Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 4, section 3, Kangerong. (See the description of the location of E.Caldwell's grant under CALDWELL.)


Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
CLYDESDALE (Extract from Peninsula Dictionary History.)
The above source gives the following details.
James Clydesdale was the son of William Clydesdale (born 1790 at Glasgow) and Janet (nee Muir, born 21-1-1794 at Gorbals.) Gorbals was probably close to Glasgow; both are in Lanarkshire. James whose first given name was William, according to his death certificate, was born on 1-11-1817 and died on 15-8-1902, the burial taking place three days later at Dromana Cemetery.
On 10-1-1850 in Melbourne, he married Julia (nee Cahill) who was born in 1831 at New Ross, County Wexford, Ireland. Julia outlived James by almost 8 years and died at Dromana on 4-8-1910. I hope Julia didnt aspire to an hourglass figure because she had 14 children in the first 23 years of their marriage. Dates and places of their childrens births and deaths are available on the website. (Google: Clydesdale kangerong).
They seem to have been in Melbourne until at least July 1852 and at Footscray in 1854 and 1855. Perhaps James was involved in George Spottiswoodes bluestone enterprises. (Spotswood was named after him.) If so, it would have been good practice for the gold mining that Bernard Eaton conducted near James grant three decades later.
From 1856 to 1859, James and Julia were probably living in a tent at Canvas Town at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne). The gold rush was in full swing and those lucky enough to own lodging houses could let rooms to the highest bidder. No matter how menial the work that James was doing, he would have been getting good pay. The high wages being demanded by workers outraged their pre- gold rush masters. Now they had to dress themselves, clean and cook or pay until it hurt. Luckily for the toffs the huge numbers returning from the diggings with empty pockets soon created a surplus of labour and the tables were turned.
James and Julia were at East Creek, Westernport when their first child, Jane Ann died on 11-6-1860 at 9 years and four months of age. They were probably at todays Merricks or Red Hill South, the Melway references for East Creek. They had previously lost Mary Ann, Margaret and William before they had taken their first steps.
By September they had moved to Mount Martha and James could have been leasing land. Hearn and Big Clarke had combined their land holdings to create the Mount Martha Sheep Station, Clarke having bought part of Jamiesons Special Survey. Henry Dunn had been leasing land from both Hearn and Jamieson in the late 1840s and by the time James arrived, Dunn had been replaced by Cottier, Griffith, Eaton, Peatey and others. James and Julia would become their neighbours.
The child whose birth on 4-9-1860 was registered at Mt Martha was given the name of Martha. Was this coincidence intentional? Lillie (Lily?) Eleanor was born in about 1862. Susan Peatey, a midwife and neighbour, delivered their tenth child, Emma, on 17-4-1864 at Jamiesons Special Survey. Susan recorded the fathers occupation as mariner and the mothers age as 27. (According to the website details, Julia should have been 33!) James was probably working for Peter Pidota who was fishing between jobs transporting timber about the bay.
The next child, George, was born on 20-8-1867 and died later that year. The remaining children were probably all born on the Survey although the last two were registered at Dromana.
They were:
Alice Maud Mary b.28-10-1868 JSS.
Henry John b. Nov. 1871, Dromana.
Alexander b. 1873, Dromana.
As well as Mary Ann, Margaret, William, Jane Ann, George and Thomas who all died young, Colin McLear did not mention any of the girls by name, only that one of them married Mr Davis of Red Hill. The husband might have been Frederick, Henry, James or Jonathan Davis who appear to be the sons of Jonathan Davis. The bride was possibly Lily (D.1931 at Dromana) as rate records indicate that Martha remained unmarried. However it might be that the death details of Catherine, or Alice Maud Mary are missing on the website because the researcher didnt know about Mr Davis.
The other girl, Emma Sophia, died in Hotham in 1900. I wonder if she married a son of Walter Gibsons brother, Thomas. James W. and Thomas Henry Gibson had land either side of Purves Rd at the end of Waterfall Gully Rd in 1900 but both lived in Melbourne; James at Carlton and Thomas at Northcote. By 1910, both were dairymen, James at North Melbourne (Hotham) and Thomas at Balwyn.
On 7-5-1884, James Clydesdale received the grant for lot 26A of Kangerong, consisting of 45 acres. (Melway 161 A7) He had selected this land prior to September 1879 when the rate collector called it 50 acres. On its western side was Alf Harrisons 63 acres with the 100 acre farm of George and Susan Peaty between Alf and Harrisons Rd. To the east of Clydesdales grant was land owned by McIlroy and Downward.
Within five years of receiving the title to his farm, James would probably been telling his sons, Harry and James how to dig rock as the three went off to work at Bernard Eatons gold mining operation about a mile to the east near Dunns Creek.
James Jnr married Martha Ellen, the daughter of Charles Dyson and their children were Bill (killed at Gallipoli), Bob,Harry, Jack and Kitty. Alec married Miss Cleine from Red Hill and lived in a cottage with bead-screened doors, on the corner of Heales and Hodgkinson St, Dromana. He was a longtime employee of the council forming and repairing the roads.
Among the members of the Dromana Sports Club in 1914 when it conducted a race meeting were W. Clydesdale, Harry Clydesdale, R. Clydesdale and Alec Clydesdale. In 1927 Bob, Alec and Harry Clydesdale were still committeemen. Jack Clydesdale was a member of the Dromana football team that won the 1939 premiership. Jimmy Clydesdale was a leg spinner not afraid to give the ball a bit of air in a purple patch for Dromana following WW2 and was a good half forward for the footy team at that time.
James Jnr and Martha lived in Lyndhurst in Pier St and raised their family there.
Photos of James and Julia Clydesdale are on P.157 of Dreamtime of Dromana which contains more family details.
My transcription of the 1864 and 1865 rates shows no entries for James Clydesdale. In 1864 he may have been living in the hut that Peter Pidota had for his workers near the Carrigg St corner. In 1865, he could have been living at Maryfield working for Mary Ann McLear. Later he and Julia had a house on the survey (Safety Beach) near Clyde St before moving to the Bittern Rd property. Postscript. James Clydesdale should have been assessed in 1864. See the birth deails for Emma given previously.
Rate assessments transcribed follow.
1879. James Clydesdale, farmer, 50 acres, Kangerong.
1900. James Clydesdale, 48 acres Kangerong.
1910. Alexander Clydesdale, labourer, Dromana, 48 acres and buildings, Kangerong.
James William Clydesdale, Dromana, one lot and buildings.
Martha Elizabeth Clydesdale, Dromana, 20 acres, part 4 of 3.
1920. Robert Clydesdale, Dromana, land and buildings, Pier St, part crown allotment 4, section 1
Harry Clydesdale, Dandenong, half acre, Pier St, ditto
Alexander Clydesdale, Dromana, half acre and buildings, section 14, Dromana.


James Connell received the grant for allotment 12 near the boundary with Kangerong and Bittern parishes. It was possibly Anthony or James whose rates on 50 acres and a hut in Dromana were paid for him by Wilson at the deathknock on 20-1-1865. The rate collector didnt know much. As well as not knowing the given names of Connell and Wilson, he didnt realize that the name Dromana only applied to land west of McCulloch St.
Colin McLear tells us the following. The Connells were tenants on Jamiesons Special Survey in 1851 or shortly thereafter. (Anthony Connells block was probably near the one later occupied by Henry Wilson.) A descendant of Anthonys was a silent partner of Jack Rudduck in Mornington Station in the Kimberleys in the 1950s. Mornington Station was near Fitzroy Crossing 300 miles inland from Derby.
The Connell and White children were among the pupils of a school that operated near the Hickinbotham Winery site in the early 1850s. This school may have closed when the teachers wife died or because two private schools had been opened in Dromana by Quinan and Nicholson. Its closure was probably the impetus for the establishment of a school in Moorooduc.
Anthony Connell was obviously the forerunner of the Connell family in the area. He received the grants for allotments 27 and 29, totaling 337 acres, all or part of which became the rifle range.
In 1910, James Connell, a farmer of Mornington, was leasing 238 acres (lots 3-6 of Bruces) and James Connell, a farmer of Tuerong, was leasing 230 acres (lots 1,2 of Bruces.) This land was just south of Ellerina Rd in the parish of Kangerong. I presume that would be James senior and James junior. Bruces was the northern section of the Survey fronting the Sea Lane, which is now called Bruce Rd, and is the boundary between Kangerong and Moorooduc parishes.

Anthony Connell's grants in the parish of Moorooduc, crown allotments 29 and 27, with a frontage of 1680 metres on the east side of Three Chain Road (Old Moorooduc Rd) from opposite No. 235 to opposite the Vineyard Lane corner (the south boundary of the Tuerong pre-emptive right)consisted of nearly 338 acres and had a Balnarring Rd frontage of 310 metres at the north east corner.(Melway 151 J8 to 152 A-B 6.) In 1873 Anthony was granted C.A. 11A bounded by Gillett Rd on the north, which is now the Tuerong Reserve.(152 C6.) When the property was sold, Connells were the auctioneers.

A Connell family living in Red Hill in the 1890's must have lost their rabbit's foot. Firstly their little girl was badly burnt as a result of her brother playing with matches (Mornington Standard 18-4-1895 page 2) and then Mr Connell was in hospital receiving treatment for his eyes by the end of 1896(M.S. 24-12-1896, P.3.)
Two young Davey girls of Marysville, Frankston (Davey's Bay)had collected donations as a Christmas present for the distressed family and the donations were to be forwarded on to Mr (H.P.)Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill.
The family was referred to in the first article as living near Red Hill so perhaps they were near Merricks North and Forest Lodge. As Henry Pearce Davies was involved as secretary of the Balnarring sports committee (My DISCOVERING DAVEY journal)it is possible that this family was in the parish of Bittern where J.(John?) Connell had a grant across Balnarring Rd from Anthony's. My journal also reveals that the hospitalised father was William Connell.(Mornington Standard 12-11-1896 P.3 and 10-12-1896 P.3.)

Cr Davies asked the council to provide some relief for the family and H.P.Davey pointed out that the father had previously been unable to work for six months before his eyesight problems emerged and the large family, with the oldest child only 15, was living on bread and water. (Mornington Standard 17-12-1896 P.3, F&K SHIRE.)

Evelyn Connell, daughter of Mrs Connell of Red Hill, died on 24 April, 1910 from pneumonia at the age of 19 and was buried at Mornington Cemetery. She was one of a set of triplets. (Mornington and Dromana Standard 30-4-1910 P.2.) Miss R.Connell was a member of the Red Hill Literary ans Social Club, rendering items along with Charles and Mrs Thiele, Tom Sandilants' wife, H.McIlroy, W.Simpson and Mr Prosser (sic).(Mornington Standard 29-8-1903 p.3.)

In 1900, William Connell was assessed on 8 acres Kangerong. The man who first appealed for help for William's family, A.E.Bennett, was living on Kent Orchard at the time. Kent Orchard, later owned by the Huntleys was on Kentucky Rd (Melway 191 H 1.)

Although no details were given, Evelyn Mary (Evie) Connell who died on 11-12-1900 might have been the mother of Evelyn (above) and thus Mrs Connell of Red Hill and William's wife.


The following councillors represented the area near Red Hill. This list was compiled from LIME LAND LEISURE (History of the Shire of Flinders) over a year ago so I have missed some names such as Cr (Andrew?) Haig (see RAILWAY OPENING entry.) Keith Desmond Holmes 1965-1973; John Baldry 1890-1901; John Caldwell 1875-6; Edmond James Callanan 1895-1903, John Davies 1894-1914; Arthur Ralph Ditterich 1961-4; Alf Downward 1888-93; (G.G.A?)Downward 1956-9; Herbert Downward 1916-9, Alf Head 1880-8; John Oswin 1887-9; William Oswin 1902-5; Robert Wighton 1875-6. Alf Downward sat for many years simultaneously on three Shire Councils (Flinders, Frankston and Hastings and Mornington, which had been formerly been the west riding of F&H.)
(See HOLLAND, CHAPMAN entries.)

CRAIG AVON LANE. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.


In 1879, Charles Daniel, farmer was leasing 60 acres from B.Ringrose. This was the same land, 18B Kangerong, on which Arthur E.Hill was assessed in 1900. (See HILL entry.) Charles may have been the pioneer of "Narbonne" in the Shire of Bulla, two of whose descendants were Shire Secretaries.


The first time I saw this name in ratebooks, I wondered if there was any connection with the Frankston pioneers. Tonight I have examined this possibility. Many websites about Frankston provide identical information about James Davey having a run south of Olivers Hill along the Daveys Bay coast and old man Davey (named as William on one site) building a house on Olivers Hill. Strangely I seem to be the first person to wonder if the two were related.They were, as shown by the Kessell family tree re the pedigree of Davey, Frankston Mornington. William, because of whom Olivers Hill was first named Old man Davey's Hill, was born in 1795 in Cornwall and was buried in lovely Frankston in 1880.(His father James, was buried in an obviously less lovely place called Mousehole, Cornwall!)
His son James, born in 1820, who married before leaving Cornwall, died on 13-7-1884 at Frankston. It might have been his grand daughters, Ethel 16 or Elsie 6, and Fanny 6, who were the Misses E. and F.Davey of Marysville, Frankston reported as having collected money for the destitute Connells of Red Hill. The really interesting thing is that the money was to be sent to Mr Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill. This was H.P.Davey who was the light and life of Red Hill for ten years before moving to St Kilda and working for Sands and McDougall in Melbourne.


Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
W.DAVIDSON. 74k of 17 acres opposite Centrepoint (north east quarter of Melway 191 A7.)

W.Davidson was assessed in 1902-3 (see 74i.), but the rate collector was confused.Unless my transcription was faulty, the Davidson block was not mentioned in "Around Red Hill" written in August, 1902. By 1919, 74K was occupied by Mrs Frances Edwards.
Mrs Davidson was "Dolly" Nash, who could not move one of her arm and always had it clad in a stocking.Mr Davidson's sister married a Cavanagh from Balnarring.(Keith Holmes.)

A very confused entry in the 1910-11 rates indicates that rates on a property were to be written off. The property, of 60 acres, 18A Kangerong, seems to have been leased by Jonathon Davis and to be the estate of William Davidson, care of Mrs Edwards of Red Hill. The land,on the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd, had been granted to Henry Dunn and formed all or part of his "Four Winds". The block was almost square with its western boundary extending to a point opposite Tumbywood Rd.


Rate collectors often confused these two surnames.

Margaret Davies was the grantee of 13 A and B, Kangerong of 129 acres 3 roods and 31 perches, east of Andrews Lane, the Kindilan Society land being its eastern part and indicating the northern extent of her land. It seems to have been granted on 28-8-1877 but there is no mention of her in the 1879 rates.

In 1919, assessments were recorded in the centre riding for the following Red Hill residents.
Jonathon Davies, 28 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 19 Kangerong; Henry Davies, 42 acres and buildings, part C.A.10B, Kangerong; Frederick Davies, 33 acres, part C.A. 10B, Kangerong.
In 1910, the record shows basically the same Red Hill residents:
Frederick Davis, orchardist, 35 acres Kangerong; Henry Davis, labourer, 43 acres Kangerong; Mrs Fanny Davis, orchardist,4 acres and buildings; Jonathan Davis,orchardist, 28 acres Kangerong.
The 1900 assessment read: Frederick Davis 35 acres K; Henry Davis 43 acres K; James Davis 4 acres and building K; and Jonathan Davis 28 acres K.

One might safely assume that the family's surname was DAVIS but it's better to be safe than sorry.Jonathan Davis was recorded in the 1879 rates and thankfully the rate collector gave good detail, although property loctions were not given. Jonathan Davis, labourer, owned two properties. He owned and occupied 280 acres, Kangerong and James Davis, labourer, was renting a building and four acres, Kangerong from him. It is my guess that the 280 acres consisted of 10B, Kangerong of nearly 172 .5 acres (granted to Robert Caldwell who was not assessed) and 97 acres of Charles Golding's grant on the other(northern) side of Tumbywood Rd, Golding retaining only 130 of its 252.7 acres.

The family became involved in the community quickly, especially the Wesleyan congregation. Jonathan Davis was an original trustee of the church which was erected on land donated by James Wheeler near the post office in 1884. The first wedding to take place after the first service on 25-1-1885 was that of Jonathan Davis and Elizabeth Kemp. The first christening was that of their daughter, Henrietta Charlotte. (T.R.H. page 31.)

"Around Red Hill", an article which appeared on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902, gives the following details about the Davis farms. Jonathan Davis had 40 acres facing the Port Phillip side with 6 acres of young (fruit) trees. He was also dairying on 60 acres leased from Mrs Strong.

(The 1900 assessments reveal that Mrs Maude Strong was leasing the 60 acre farm from trustees. This 60 acre farm may have been "Four Winds", Henry Dunn's grant at the south corner of McIlroys and White Hill Rds; it might have been purchased from the Strong executors by William Davidson, a Village Settlement pioneer who had died and whose rates were to be written off, the rate collector being unaware that Edward Bowring was assessed on the same property, 18A Kangerong. The only other 60 acre property in 1910 was Alf Harrison's and this was a mistake because 27B Kangerong on Dunns Creek Rd east of Harrisons Rd actually consisted of just over 63 acres. Maude Strong's 60 acre farm was not the Ringrose battleaxe grant (18B) south of the "Four Winds" grant, which was occupied in 1900 by Arthur E.Hill.)

The article stated that James Davis had 5 acres under fruit and that F. and H.Davis, who were between Mr Hill's and Arkwells' (hence about Melway 190 J1), were mainly growing potatoes, with a yield of 10 tons to the acre, but also maize, peas and strawberries.

A search for DAVIES, RED HILL revealed that there was a Davies family of Red Hill, but this was a very old property called Red Hill Farm near Woodend! A search for DAVIS, RED HILL confirmed that DAVIS was definitely the surname of these Red Hill pioneers. The end of 1904 was not a happy time for the family. Jonathan Davis had suffered from a serious illness for five months and was in a critical condition when the Red Hill residents organised a Jonathan Davis relief fund. (Mornington Standard 19-11-1904 page 5, 3-12-1904 page 2.)

It is my guess that James Davis was the father of Jonathan and that Mrs Fanny Davis was his mother.

Alfred Downward's land in the local area was mainly at Tubbarubba and there would be much information about him in books such as The Golden Plains of Tubbarubbarel. Despite his efforts at representing the residents of the peninsula, it is amazing how many of them thought his surname was Downard.

The following is verbatim from the Parliament of Victoria website.
Downward, Alfred

Born 1847 (Melbourne, Victoria)
Died 26 June 1930. (Mornington)
Parents: Edward and Elizabeth
Marriage: 1879 Hawthorn, Josephine Kerr; 1s. 2d.
Occupation: Grazier
Religion: Church of England
Education: Prahran and from 1855 Mornington

Career: Worked on father's sheep farm at Balnarring; from 1874 ran sheep on his own selection at Tubbar Rubba; took great interest in land settlement and development of the Peninsula. Member Flinders and Kangerong shire council for 25 years, president 1890-1892; also councillor and president Mornington shire.
House Electorate Start * End *
MLA Mornington October 1894 November 1929
Unseated and re-elected Jan 1895.
Other seats contested: Mornington 1877, 1886, 1889, 1892
Appointments: Minister Water Supply and minister Agric. 31 Oct 1908-8 Jan 1909; minister Mines, minister Forests, minister Public Health and vice-president Board Land & Works 29 Nov 1917-21 Mar 1918; president Board Land & Works, commissioner Crown Lands and Surveys and minister Immigration 18 Nov 1924-20 May 1927

The death occurred last night of Mr Alfred Downward, who represented Mornington in the Legislative Assembly for 35 years. He retired in October last year. Mr Downward, who was aged 83, held portfolios in three Ministries. He was a member of the Country Party.

Mr Downward became seriously ill following a chill he received when attending the funeral of the late Mr Henry Tuck, an old friend, at Flinders, last Saturday. The funeral will leave his residence, Redwood, Mornington, at half past 2 o'clock tomorrow afternoon for Mornington Cemetery.

Mr Downward was the oldest member of the Legislative Assembly when he retired. On many occasions he successfully contested the Mornington seat against newcomers, and several times was returned unopposed. Before entering Parliament in 1894, Mr Downward took an active part in municipal affairs, and in one year was the President of both of the shires which covered the Peninsula at that time.

The article goes on to mention the three ministries were those of Tommy Bent, Bowser and Allan, that Alfred was a noted amateur rider in his youth and that the Deputy Leader, in expressing his regret, stated that much of the Peninsula's development was due to Alfred.

Alfed's residence in Mornington, Redwood, was so named because of a natural stand of Redwood Gums at the western end of Downward St. Pitt St and Downward St were named after two of Alfred's daughters, the last members of the family to live in Redwood, Mrs Pitt being a widow and Ivy Downward a spinster. There is much more detail about Redwood and Red Gum Flat(Melway 154 D2) near the end of my THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. Joan Downward has the newspaper article about the Redwood Gums and much information about the Downward family's earlier involvement in Tasmania. (If you would like the extract from The Female Drover or to get in touch with Joan, send me a private message.)

Some of Alfred's land on the east side of Bulldog Creek Rd was formerly reserved from sale and was the site of the Tubbarubba diggings. Bulldog Creek Rd was supposed to run south to Myers Rd and was the eastern boundary of Jamieson's Special Survey. The northern 1000 acres of the Survey belonged to the family of John Bruce, son in law of Big Clarke who owned the rest. By 1900 Alfred and Caroline Downward were leasing much of the Clarke land and when it was sold circa 1907, they bought many of the lots. In 1910, as well as their land in the East Riding(parish of Balnarring), Alfred Downward owned 270 acres (lot 12 Clarke's) and Herbert Downward 120 acres (Clarke's) and 508 acres (lots 16, 17 Clarke's.)

Lot 12 was on the north side of Dromana-Bittern Rd with its south west corner over the road from number 665 and its north east corner at the bend in Wallaces Rd in Melway 161 C3. Lots 16 and 17, 508 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, were on the north side of Wallaces Rd and west of Bulldog Creek from 161 C-F 2 north to where an eastern extension of the south boundary of the Martha Cove waterway through McKenzies' Junction meets Bulldog Creek (north east corner of lot 16.) The north west corner of lot 17 is at the middle of the top of 151 C12.

The 1919-20 rates specify Herbert's 120 acres as being part 9A and 24,Kangerong and the 1910-11 rates(assessment number 114) specify that the 120 acre block was on "Clarke's".
The 1910 entry reads "Caroline Downward,owner C.Downward, 120 acres pt.9A,24 .. (the ditto under Clarke's in the previous entry.)

Here's a question for you. How can you make "Crown Allotment" look like 9A? The rate collector knew the answer. He wrote C/A but with a longer slash that he joined to the top of the C. It had me puzzled until I had been transcribing rate records for about two weeks in August 2010. However two years later I had forgotten his clever trick! I spent ages writing about lot 24 in Clarke's subdivision, including the fact that Caroline could only have owned 30 acres of it. But I couldn't account for 9A; and then the penny dropped!

It should have been read as "part crown allotment 24" and the dittos were a careless error. Thus I had wasted two hours. However, the rate collector's carelessness has led to the BITTERN-DROMANA RD entry and detail about the Downward land east of Bulldog Creek/Junction/Red Hill Rds. Details of Caroline (later Herbert's) 120 acres are given in the BITTERN-DROMANA RD entry.

The Golden Plains of Tubbarubbel gives detail of the names of the various farms and family members.

1900-1.(All in the parish of Balnarring, west of Balnarring Rd.)
Alf 716 acres, Caroline 176 acres, Emma 500 acres, Herbert (Maria crossed out)400 acres,
John Campbell Downward 22 Bal. 312 acres. (See below re J.C.D.)

1910-11. Alf 356 acres Bittern (east of Balnarring Rd), Alf 240 acres Balnarring, Herb 176 acres Balnarring, Emma 500 acres Balnarring.

J.C.D. There was a John Campbell associated with Dromana, circa 1861 and the building(with William Cottier) of the original Rye Hotel a few years later,and perhaps another ,or the same, who was a trustee of Mt Martha Park which was reserved for the Governor's mansion, and another or perhaps the same, who was still associated with the northern area of our shire circa 1890. Sorry I'm so vague but I'm not spending hours just on the off-chance that any of the above was connected with the second given name of John Campbell Downward.The connection could just have easily been the daughter of a pioneer in Tasmania. (A surname used as a child's second given name was usually its mother's maiden name.)

John Campbell Downward was granted crown allotment 22 Balnarring on the north east corner of Stanleys and Merricks Rds. Consisting of 312 acres 2 roods and 23 perches and granted on 23-9-1873, it is indicated by Melway 191 D-E 3-4. Its north west corner was opposite Kentucky Rd and its south east corner was near 40 Stanleys Rd.

There is some information about the Downward grants in the parish of Balnarring, east of Bulldog Creek Rd and the Survey, in my Red Hill Grantees journal. (Also about Alfred's disputed election but I forgot to give the source from Trove. Anyone interested could try these for starters. Argus 13-12-1894 page 6 and 30-11-1894 page 3 and Mornington Standard 20-11-1894 page 3.)

In the late 1930's the Downwards sold their Tubbarubba land, lot 1 (Glengala) and lots 2,3,7 and 8 to John Sherwin. (THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)


Colin McLear states that Abraham Griffith was a Quaker from Philadelphia and master of a whaler who settled on the Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers. His wife's name was Rebecca. She was the executrix of Watson Eaton and the grant for the 150 acre grant which he had selected before his death in 1877 (west of the Red Hill end of Eatons Cutting Rd)was issued in Rebecca's name.I will not repeat the information in "A Dreamtime of Dromana" unless the book cannot be borrowed by Eaton researchers and a request for it appears in comments. In 1865, Watson Eaton was leasing 210 acres of the Survey from Big Clarke. Who, and where, was his brother? He was probably a "Race Owner" at the goldfields, certainly in some year that I can't recall, at Creswick.
For the information of those unfamiliar with Victoria's gold mining areas, a race was a channel that carried water from a dam to where other material needed to be washed away (in a cradle etc), leaving the heavier gold, like large-scale panning. At Blackwood, surveys for races were done by a woman and the Byers back track follows an old race to O'Brien's Crossing.
Colin didn't know the name of Watson's brother, so naturally it did not appear in LIME LAND LEISURE (a copy of Colin's notes!) I did bother to find out. He was back in Dromana by 1888 as revealed by the trades directory: Bernard Eaton, gold miner, Dromana.The mine was of course at Tubbarubba and his former neighbours, now east of Moat's Corner, were working for him.
The Eaton legend, as revealed to Colin by Maude Eaton or perhaps his own family, has it that Watson had undertaken part of a medical degree before leaving America, but at an inquest he stated under oath that he had never been to university or received medical training. The memorial, now in the Dromana museum, shows that the lack of a piece of paper did not affect his expertise or his patients' appreciation. There may have been a third brother who came out and became a librarian in Melbourne. Benjamin Eaton,librarian, who appeared to be paying the rates of Maude Eaton (a spinster), may have been that brother's son.

EDWARDS 1919 Bal.

FIRST ANNUAL SHOW AT RED HILL. (Frankston and Somerville Standard 7-4-1922 page 3.) Make notes re Committee and lady helpers.

FOREST Ewen 1919. (FORREST?) As his name was inserted at the end of the assessments, this Red Hill resident must have arrived recently. He was assessed on 22.5 acres on ?A, possibly 12A, like W.McRoberts.

FRITSCH. (See Gotliebson.)

Andrew Fritsch was granted 24B, Kangerong of almost 103 acres and Charles Fritsch about 44.5 acres adjoining it on the south across a now-closed part of Dunns Creek Road that joined Myers Rd near the present No. 8 Myers Rd. Andrew's grant is indicated by Melway 161 G 8-9 and H 8. Charles Fritsch's grant's north east and south east corners are indicated by the locations of numbers 8 and 5 in Myers Rd.

Rate collectors had a spot of difficulty spelling the surname and in 1919 Edward Fitsch was assessed on 40 acres and buildings, part 24 Kangerong. In 1900, Charles Fritsch was assessed on 100 acres and buildings, Kangerong and 40 acres, Kangerong. In 1910, Edward Fritsch and the Freehold Assets Co. were assessed on 140 acres (total of the above) as well as some confusingly described land that included E.Caldwell's grant (Melway 159 K9 to the south boundary of the Hillcrest Quarry land.) The assessment refers to 390 acres, five sevenths of (3 written backwards)part 4 section 3 and 196 acres, part 4 section 3. Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 4 of section 3 Kangerong, consisted of 297.5 acres!

It is possible that the Fritsch and Bowring families had come from Collingwood where members of both families were on its council.

(Mornington and Dromana Standard, 4-3-1911, p. 2.) Mr E.Fritsch's five roomed house was destroyed by fire while he was at Sorrento.The year, 1911 was an eventful one for Edward Fritsch. His house burnt down and while he was squaring timber to rebuild it, he cut the calf on one leg to the bone, requiring nine stitches (MS 5-4-1911 p.4.) Edward Fritsch married Miss Warnecki (Sheila Skidmore spells it Warnecke) of Balnarring.

The wild dogs that attacked Mr Downward's sheep near Dunns Creek in 1909 must not have been aware of how good a shot E.Fritsch was with his rifle. Two of them were dispatched.(M.S. 22-6-1907 p.2. and Mornington and Dromana Standard 22-6-1907, p.2, Sorrento.) The woodchop at the Dromana Show in 1907 by the scratch man, Fritsch. (M.S. 23-3-1907, p.3.

The last rate record available on microfiche is 1919-20 so trove is invaluable for information after that time. Sheila Skidmore described how slow and late trains made the Red Hill producers turn to road transport. Mr E.C.Fritsch, Red hill fruitgrower, gave evidence in support of the application of E.W.Price and W.Milburn of Red Hill South to carry produce to Melbourne. (The Argus 18-11-1938, p.2.)

On 15-3-1937, E.l.Fritsch was granted 52B and 51D Balnarring, of 16 and 27 acres, which were northeast and southwest of a railway station just east of Tonkin Rd (Melway 191 K8 and 192 A8.) Today the Peninsula equestrian trail follows the western and southern boundaries of this land instead of cutting through it diagonally toward a spot about 57 metres from the south east corner.

GOBBLIEBSEN 1919 (Huntley worker scalded in bath, written as Gobblietsen.)

In 1919, Mrs Charlotte Gottliebsen was assessed on 100 acres and buildings, part Crown Allotment 24 Kangerong.
I am guessing that Charlotte was a widow and a descendant of Andrew William Fritsch, the grantee of 24B Kangerong, consisting of 103 acres 3 roods and 3 perched but called 100 acres when Charles Fritsch was assessed on it in 1900. C.A.24B fronted Myers Creek Rd from No.8 Myers Rd nearly to the Wallaby Downs entrance.

It is likely that Edward Gottliebsen who worked at Percy Huntley's Rosslyn just east of Craig Avon Rd.(Melway 161 K10-11) was related to Charlotte. The following appeared on page 18 of the 4-6-1925 under the heading: Red Hill. Edward Goleitsen, who is employed by Percy Huntley, orchardist, Red Hill, was preparing for ahot bath, when he fainted and his arm went into the boiling water. It was some time before he was found and his hand and portion of his arm were severely scalded. He was removed to the hospital. Bill Huntley said this happened on Rosslyn in a hut set aside for the victim's use.

J.Journeaux sold his grant, crown allotment 15 Balnarring to the Gottliebsons. This fronted Tubbarubba and Myers Rd (approximately Melway 161 K 7-9 to 162 B 8-9)and later One Chain Rd was built to give access to subdivision blocks. The now-closed section of road between Dunns Creek Rd and Myers Rd in Melway E-J 7 was called Gottliebsons Lane. Two Gottliebson sons married Fritsch sisters one of whom was due to give birth in 1907. (That was a pretty good guess I made above, wasn't it?) Mrs Gottliebson must have had Mrs Grayden lined up to be the midwife and a son had been delivered on 27-8-1907.
GIBSON 1919.
On 8-6-1869, the Flinders Road Board assessed William Gibson on 190 acres in the Balnarring Division. This was 78A Balnarring on the north corner of Stanleys and Red Hill Rds, of a bit over 190 acres.

Walter Gibson bought William Cottier's grants, C.A. 9 and 10 of section 1, Kangerong and established Glenholme. Extensive detail of Walter's arrival, landholdings and genealogy are available in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Walter had a brother named Thomas who died in late 1900. I read on trove that William Gibson had found a body on his brother Walter's property at Dromana.

Therefore, it is likely that two grantees of Wannaeue land in 1911, on either side of Purves Rd near Whites Rd, were at least related to Walter. Thomas Henry Gibson was granted, on 20-5-1911, 28A1 of nearly 70 acres and 28 F of 51 and a bit acres, north and south, respectively of Waterfall Gully Rd, a total of 121 1/4 acres.The land ran 360 metres north and 264 metres south from the corner of Waterfall Gully Rd.

J.W.Gibson was granted 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres 1 rood and 26 perches.It had a frontage to the east side of Purves Rd from Whites Rd to Wilson Rd.

Thomas Henry Gibson of Northcote was assessed on his 121 acres in 1900-1. By 1910 he was a milkman of Balwyn and by 1919, he was living at Canterbury (in Melbourne's east.) James William Gibson, dairyman of North Melbourne, was assessed on his 114 acres in 1910 and had recently moved to West Brunswick from North Melbourne in 1919 but now had a total of 320 acres, described as crown allotments 26, 26A, and 27. (Chapman's "Seawinds" which included allotment 27 of 128 acres bounded on the north and West by Seamists Rd. Melway page 170 C-E 1-3 roughly.)

In 1919,James William also had his grant of 114 acres but had added 33 acres of 25A, 89 acres (24C), and 147 acres (23A1 and 24D.) Lot 25A was Peter Watson's grant fronting Heath Lane (190 A 2-3) and Arthurs Seat Rd. Lot 24C was also a Peter Watson grant whose south west corner is at the right angle bend in Whites Rd (in 171 G4.) Both 23A1 (of 62 acres which had its north west corner at the right angle bend in Whites Rd) and 24D (of 84 acres at the north corner of Purves and Whites Rds) were granted to J.Bayne.

Also in 1919, L.M.Gibson of Coburg had 28 acres (part 27B1 Wannaeue), which was John Hopcraft's grant of nearly 86 acres, fronting the west side of Mornington-Flinders Rd at 190 D7-8.


GRAVES. Charles Graves was one of the tenants on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) after Henry Dunn's lease of the whole survey had ended in 1851. Mary Ann McLear was another tenant , calling her farm "The Willow". Graves became a hawker ( called Graves the tinker in George McLear's accounts book), buying merchandise in Melbourne and selling it all over the southern peninsula.George McLear often accompanied Charles and in about 1854 when they called on the Cairns family at Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) one of the blonde boys was complaining, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." In 1859, he bought Monahan's grant, directly over Pt Nepean Rd from the Dromana Drive-In and extending to Boundary Rd. After having it fenced by the Rhymers (after whom a street in Safety Beach is named), he sold it to Mary Ann McLear, his partner in the hawking business.Charles became a shopkeeper at Shoreham and somewhere in my transcriptions of rates, I have a note (completely unrelated to the information I was seeking) that Charles had about 200 acres in that area. There is much detail of the dates and prices re Charles buying and selling the property that became Maryfield in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime Of Dromana". If anyone researching the Graves family cannot borrow the book,let me know in the comments space below, and I'll supply the details.


HAIG 1919. In 1919-20, Andrew William Haig was assessed on 122 acres and buildings, crown allotments 17A and 17B, Kangerong. In 1910 Andrew and William Haig, farmers of Red Hill, were assessed on 190 acres in Kangerong. The Haig family was not assessed in 1900 and the only property of 190 acres was occupied by Henry Davey; I presume that this was H.P.Davey and the property was "Forest Lodge." I also presume that Forest Lodge mainly consisted of 23A and 23B of 156 acres granted to J.Davey and located at Melway 160 F-G 10-11, fronting Junction Rd.

17A and B Kangerong, granted to Francis Windsor, and located between Melway 191 A-B 2 and McIlroys Rd with the western boundary being a extension of Andrews Lane and the eastern being an extension of the eastern boundary of the Kindilan Society land.Therefore Red Hill's first cricket pitch, first used on 27-1-1923 in a match against Main Ridge and laid out on the property of Andrew Haig in McIlroys Rd (The Red Hill) would have been located at about 209 McIlroys Rd.
E.Haig was a member of the team which won the premiership the following season, playing at the Recreation Reserve.
Janet Wiseman and Andrew Haig were among the earliest players for the Red Hill Tennis Club which first played at Wildwood (Melway 190 G5) and then the recreation reserve.

See the RAILWAY OPENING entry re Cr Haig.

HALL Herbert Alfred, Middle Brighton, 1919 Bal.
In 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 20 acres and buildings, 74B, Balnarring. 74B, known as "Glenbower" adjoined the Village settlement blocks on the west side of Prossors Lane and was directly
across Arthurs Seat Rd from the Recreation Reserve.
HANSON 1887, 1919 Bal, MOAL.

A.Harrison was granted 27D Kangerong, a battle axe block of 63 acres in (what seems from the microscopic and written-over script) to be 1910. The 1900 rates record that Alfred Harrison had 60 acres in the parish of Kangerong but as the owner column seems to have been blank in almost every assessment, it cannot be determined if he owned it or was leasing it from the Crown. In 1910 the details were the same and Alfred's occupation was recorded as "Labourer". In 1919, Mrs Mary Harrison of Dromana was assessed on 232 acres, crown allotments 7 and 7A. The rate collector was fond of using dittos but in this case had not written anything to specify the parish.

Luckily the Kangerong parish map shows Mary Harrison as the grantee of crown allotments 7 and 7A in that parish, which total 231 acres 2 roods and 21 perches. The grant seems to have been issued on 4-8-1937.

Alfred Harrison's grant fronted 290 metres of Dunns Creek Rd with its eastern boundary being the Dromana-Red Hill boundary and it had a 20 metre wide access to where Bald Hill Creek crosses Harrisons Rd near the north east corner of the Recreation Reserve at Melway 160 J 7.

Mary Harrison's grant adjoined that of George McLear (116 acres east of a southern extension of Collins Rd,which is now part of Arthurs Seat State Park)with crown allotment 7 going east to Eatons Cutting Rd and 7A continuing east to the part of Tumbywood Rd shown as a dotted line reaching Boundary Rd at the south east corner of Melway 160 E 9. Mary's land adjoined Watson Eaton's selection at the Dromana-Red Hill boundary (in Melway 190 C-E 1.)

On page 5 of the Frankston and Somerville Standard of 18-3-1933, Thomas Robert Carter of Footscray gave notice of an application to mine stone on 4.5 acres of crown allotments 7 and 7A Kangerong. It was Crown land occupied by Mary Harrison. I wonder if Thomas is still digging away with the help of his great grandchildren at Melway 160 D 12?

Marriage. WHITE-HARRISON. Ernest Victor (late A.I.F.)fourth son of Mr and Mrs Robert White of Main Creek and Emma Frances, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Alfred harrison of Dromana were married at the Methodist Church in Dromana on March 21. Present address, "Roselands" Main Creek, Dromana. (Argus, 23-4-1921, page 13.)

A CARTER KILLED. A fatal accident occurred yesterday afternoon near Dromana.A lad named William Harrison, aged 16, was driving a load of gravel for a contractor of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, when he slipped off, and the wheel passed over his head, causing instantaneous death. (Argus, 31-3-1904, page 6.)

C.H.Harrison of Dromana was listed as wounded on page 7 of the Argus of 27-8-1918. W.J.Harrison of Dromana was repoted as ill on page 22 of the 7-12-1918 issue.

Colin McLear's snake story. In closing his history, Colin told of how Mrs Harrison had chopped off her finger to stop the poison from a snake that bit her at the wood pile from killing her. The snake was discovered to have been a piece of barbed wire!

John McIlroy, son of W.J.McIlroy, and Miss Sophie Harvey were married at the Red Hill Methodist Church on Monday, 2nd October. The bridesmaids were Miss B.Purves (Main Creek), the bridegroom's sister, and Misses Lily and Muriel Harvey (both of Essendon and nieces of the bride.)W.McIlroy was best man and E.Harvey groomsman.
(Mornington Standard 7-10-1905 page 2.) Their engagement was mentioned in Personal Pars. on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 22-11-1902.

Extract from my journal about the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT.
T.HARVEY.74h, 20 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd from the general store to the Mechanics Rd corner.

In August 1902, Mr Harvey of "Fernside" had a 9 acre orchard which was a model of neatness, 5 acres of strawberries and gooseberries, passionfruit bearing heavily and Japanese plums.

In 1902-3, F.Harvey was assessed on 74H. By 1919, 74H was occupied by Samuel L.Holland.

Keith Holmes recalls Ethram Harvey. Ethram may have been the son of Thomas Harvey, who was building a house on the block occupied by Edward Bowring in 1902 and was probably the grantee of 74h. Edward Bowring married a Harvey girl according to Keith Holmes, so he may have married the daughter of Thomas Harvey.

In the 1910-11 assessments, E.Harvey and Joseph Harvey, Red Hill farmers, were assessed on 213 acres (23b and 23b2 Wannaeue) and 144 acres (24 Wannaeue) respectively. It would seem fairly easy to locate these properties but the rate collector did not help much. James W.Gibson, the grantee, had 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres so Joseph Harvey could not have been there. E.Harvey's land was actually 23B (about 153.25 acres) and 23A (almost 60 acres), both granted to William Hillis. Access to 23A was via Wilson Rd at its south west corner and this allotment went north halfway to Whites Rd (roughly Melway 171 H6.) Crown allotment 23B was west of this, with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd (roughly 171 J-K 5-6.)
Joseph Harvey might have had 24B, of 145 acres, granted to Nelson Rudduck of Dromana or 24D and 23A1 of a combined 146.7 acres but John and James Bayne, Shoreham graziers, still had their grant so Joseph must have had 24B. The north east corner of this strangely shaped allotment was in Heath Lane (the original end of Main Creek Rd) 70 metres from Arthurs Seat Rd and the road frontage continued south 227 metres to roughly the site of the Miceli Winery (Melway 190 A3.) There it met 24A of 50 acres, granted to J.Pierce but occupied by James McIlroy of Red Hill. which fronted Main Creek Rd and the eastern 425 metres of Whites Rd. Joseph's block fronted the next 425 metres of White's Rd, from which point the western boundary headed nor nor west to, roughly, the top left corner of Melway 171 J3.

Also in the 1919-20 assessments, T.J.Harvey of Healesville had 25 acres, part 25A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 25A, granted to Peter Watson and consisting of almost 83 acres was on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd(roughly Melway 171 J 1-2 , K2)and had a frontage to the northern 70 metres of Heath Lane; it was north of 24B which Joseph Harvey had occupied in 1910.

HEAD 1919 Bal.
Alfred Head was granted 71B, Balnarring, consisting of 116 acres 2 roods and 22 perches, on 5-5-1874.This allotment has a frontage of 1360 metres to the south side of Stony Creek Rd and 3346 metres to Mornington-Flinders Rd. On 26-5-1884, Alfred received the grant for 71A of 83 acres 1 rood and 18 perches on the north side of Stony Creek Rd and fronting Mornington-Flinders Rd, with frontages of 882 and 386 metres respectively.
The eastern and northern extents of the allotment are indicated by Pardalote Rise.

In 1919, Alfred Head seems to have been leasing 71B (116 acres) from the Jarmans. Norm Prossor (Sid Prossor's father and the son of Henry Prossor) had 43 acres of 71A and Wallace Jarman the remaining 40 acres. It is possible that Alfred Head in this case was Alfred Charles Head, only son of the 1874(or earlier) pioneer.

"Around Red Hill", the August 1902 article, referred to Alfred's property as Fern Valley*. Interestingly, it gives his name as A.C.Head so Charles was probably his second given name. Alfred had a 15 acre orchard but concentrated mainly on vegetables, mainly peas, beans and potatoes for which he finds a ready market at Sorrento in Summer. He also has success with his hay crops. (No doubt the hay went to Stringer's Store to be sold to cabbies who competed with Coppin's tranway for the Amphitheatre trade as well as conveying passengers along the White Road (Pt Nepean Rd) to Canterbury etc.) The Cairns of Maroolaba and the Pattersons of Final had this contract while they had a contact at the store, but Alfred may have had a more influential contract after whom Lentell Ave (Melway 157 A5) was named.
(* In his letter, in the capacity of Returning Officer, congratulating George McLear on his sixth successive election as F&K Shire auditor, Alfred gave his address as "Musk Creek". The two tributaries of Musk Creek start at Melway 190 F6 in the southern part of Joseph Pitcher's grant and join in Alf's 14A, flowing through Alf's 14B before emptying into Stony Creek on William Hopcraft's grant.

While researching THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, I read in a heritage study that Alfred Head had leased Dalkeith Park (Melway 150 H8 to 151 C8), the farm later owned by Mr Vale whose daughter, Mrs Jackson, used the property for her equestrian event and race horses, hence Jackson's Hill climbing towards Range Rd from the Mornington turn off.

The Argus reports of sheep sales indicate that Head and Brady were occupying Dalkeith Park on 29-9-1897(P.7) and Alfred alone later (31-1-1900,P.5 and 5-8-1903, P. 8.) Why was Alfred in partnership with Brady? True, the Bradys' Mount Evergreen (Melway 190 A-B 9-10) was not far from Fern Valley (190 E-F 7-8 roughly) so they were neighbours. The Mornington Standard of 11-11-1897 has a marriage announcement on page 2 that explains the relationship between the two families.

Marriages. BRADY-HEAD. On Tuesday 2-11-1897 at Dalkeith Park, Mount Martha, Obadiah W.Brady, second son of the late Obadiah Brady of mount Evergreen, Rosebud, to Mary Elizabeth Rosetta, eldest daughter of Alfred head Esq., Fern valley, red hill.
And that contact at Stringer's Store (probably a highly valued customer, rather than an employee):
(Argus 7-12-1901, P.9.) Marriages. HEAD-LENTELL. on 19-11-1901 at St John's Church, Sorrento, Alfred Charles, only son of Alfred Head, Red Hill, Dromana, to Emma Mary, youngest daughter of James Lentell, Sorrento, late of Richmond.

Alfred Head was a councillor for the centre riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire by 1881 and was re-elected unopposed in 1886 (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 18-8-1886, P.3.) FULL DETAILS OF COUNCILLORS AND THEIR TERMS CAN BE FOUND IN LIME LAND LEISURE. Alfred was appointed to the Board of Advice for the centre riding of the Shire (Argus 11-7-1885 P.10.)

Alfred Head was one of the trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church whose first services were held on 25-1-1885; interestingly, Nelson Rudduck was also a trustee. Sounds like a law-abiding, God-fearing, responsible man doesn't he? So I reckon the following might concern his only son, Alfred Charles.

(Mornington Standard 11-4-1908 page 2. LOCAL AND GENERAL. Dromana Court. At the last sitting before Messrs N (Nelson) Rudduck and G.(George) McLear J.P.'s, Mr Fulton, Shire Secretary, proceeded against Alfred Head of Red Hill for wilful damage to the road known as Eaton's Cutting by trailing timber or heavy material. Alfred was fined ten shillings and had to pay three pounds twelve shillings and sixpence in costs.

Two children from the Head family were enrolled at the State School when it opened in 1873 in the old schoolhouse at the end of Arkwells Lane.

HIGGENS 1919 Bal.

An article entitled "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 described Mr Hill's property. Up the hill from the post office (710 White Hill Rd at Melway 160 K 12) was Mr Hill's property on about 12 acres on a well-situated slope with a 6 roomed hill was presently at St Kilda.

The 1900 rates reveal that Arthur E.Hill was assessed on 60 acres, 18B, Kangerong. This allotment of 59 acres 3 roods and 14 perches, granted to R. Ringrose, was bounded on the east and north by lines extending Andrews Lane and Tumbywood Rd until they meet. (Approximately Melway 190 K 1.) The 12 acre block in 1902 would have been a part of this 60 acre block.

See the end of the RINGROSE entry(rates information and comments.)

Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
GOODBYE OLD FRIENDS. (Mornington Standard 19-9-1895 page 2.) A large crowd attended the funeral of Mr Hillis, an old resident of Red Hill. Mr C.Roberts of Main Creek, another old resident, also died recently.
William Hillis (referred to by Colin McLear as Hill which was possibly his nickname) whose surname was often written as Hillas, had Summer Hill at Main Creek north of Wilsons Rd and land adjacent to Henry Dunns Four Winds on the top of White Hill near the McIlroys Rd corner. (The Butcher, The Baker, The.)
Roberts Rd at Main Ridge follows the short cut the Shands took from their saw mill to Red Hill. (Keith Holmes.)

Sheila Skidmore stated on page 49 of THE RED HILL that Will Hinds was the first local enlistment in the Great War. She said that his family lived on a farm at Merricks. The death notices for Will (Argus 26-10-1915 page 1 and 30-10-1915 page 13) and his father James (Argus 22-8-1923 page 1) indicate that their farm was "Seven Oaks", Red Hill. The location of this farm, when discovered, will be written only in the SEVEN OAKS entry.

James Hind, the husband of Elizabeth Hinds of "Seven Oaks", Red Hill, and father of Rob, Will (died on active service), Jessie, Jim, Effie and Jean, died at the age of 66. As Will's death notice states, James and Elizabeth had come to "Seven Oaks" from Somerville. Will's grandfather was Robert Hind of Birregurra. Will's brother Rob wrote a nice verse in the notice of 30-10-1915.

The Hinds had not yet moved to Seven Oaks in 1906 and the children seem to have gone to a Presbyterian Sunday School at Mornington Junction(Baxter.) At a social celebrating the church's anniversary recitations were rendered by the pupils, including Robert, Will and James (although the reporter had the same trouble interpreting scribbled notes as I do and gave Hirons, Hines and Hinds for the surnames.) Mornington Standard 7-6-1906, page 2. It is possible that the family was at Frankston or Baxter before moving to Somerville as Robert Hinds appeared in a fundraising concert for the Frankston State School (M.S. 7-7-1906, page 2.)

A court case in which young Robert Hinds appeared as a witness reveals that Robert was living at Baxter and attending the local school. (M.S. 28-10-1905 page 6.)

James Hinds' "Seven Oaks" consisted of 26 acres, part 79A and part 80C Balnarring. 79A of 115 acres had been Alfred Ernest Bennett's "Seven Oaks Farm" but it was subdivided by the shire when it changed the route of the Bittern-Dromana Rd in Kangerong; it used to meet Junction Rd just north of Craig Avon Lane, which was part of the original route. "Seven Oaks" was north of the new intersection.
Bill Huntley told me that his father, Percy, whose Homestead "Rosslyn" (212 Bittern-Dromana Rd) was a stone's throw to the east, drove James Hinds to the Melbourne Hospital when he became ill.

Now that I have a Balnarring parish map that I can read, I have discovered that James Hinds was granted 80C Balnarring of 17 acres 1 rood and 34 perches on 16-9-1916. This land fronted 705 metres of Junction Rd, with its south west corner opposite No.10 Junction Rd,and is indicated by the top third of Melway 161 H-J9. Bill Huntley said that James definitely lived on the south corner of Craig Avon Lane in a cottage that had probably been built by A.E.Bennett. This still stands but has been extended. I asked Bill if the house was on 9 acres as the rate collector recorded a total of 26 acres in 79A and 80C (see above.) Bill is adamant that this cottage was on "about 28 acres" ; it was purchased later by Doug Cairns, a good friend of Bill and the later-to-be-famous young artist, Arthur Boyd, who started his career at 62 Rosebud Parade, Rosebud in 1936.

However it is possible that the house was originally on only seven acres and James Hinds added about 21 acres later. When A.E.Bennett leased his Seven Oaks Farm homestead, originally described as being on 10 acres,to Cr William Oswin in 1904-5, Oswin was assessed on a house and 7 acres.

Francis Hirst was leasing the Ringrose 60 acre grant in 1874. See the Arthur E.Hill entry for its location.

Sources have given the name of the first teacher at Red Hill State School as Richard Holding.
This would have come from Education Department records, so I have no reason to dispute it unless there was a transcription error. The grantee of 72A Balnarring seems to have been Robert Henry Holding (see BLAKELEY entry), so if the teacher's name was Richard, he must have been the grantee's son.

Cr S.Holland has been appointed Justice of the Peace at Red Hill.(Argus 31-1-1924 page 12 COUNTRY NEWS, Mornington.)
Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prosser, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)

HOLMES.Source: Keith Holmes.
Keith believes that there were two completely different Holmes families associated with the Red Hill area but there could be some link back in the old country and extensive genealogical research would be needed to prove that there was no connection, as in the case of Henry William Wilson of Dromana and George Wilson of Shoreham Rd.
1.The Kangerong rates for 1864-5 and 1865-6 reveal that Holmes was assessed on 140 acres; he would have been occupying the land under licence from the Crown. The Kangerong parish map shows that J Holmes was granted lots 15 A and 15 B of 104.3.34 each (six perches, about the size of the cricket pitches area on the M.C.G., or 150 square metres, short of 105 acres.) It is likely that he had settled on one of these blocks and the rate collector had written 140 instead of 104. Once a mistake like this was made, it would be carried on for years, because rate collectors would basically copy the previous years details and make alterations if they received knowledge of a sale or new lessee.
15 A and B were at Melway 191 E-F 3 and extended south from the Kangerong Conservation Nature Reserve to Red Hill Rd with the south west corner being just north of Rosebank Cottage. The northern half appears to have been granted in the 1870s and the southern on, possibly, 3-7-1873. The northern half was granted to J.Holmes & Co. The 7-9-1867 assessments show that the other partner was Lawrence Weadson. Holmes is not recorded in the 1879-80 rates but it is pleasing to see that the rate collector now calls the original property 105 acres. It must have been at about this time that the first Holmes pioneers left Red Hill.
John Huntley, gardener, owned 105 acres in Kangerong. Keith Holmes confirmed that he was on land granted to J.Holmes. This was the southern half, which now includes the VINES OF RED HILL land. In 1900, Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on the 105 acres; John had died and Mary was a widow. She was not assessed in 1910 and Keith Holmes explained why. Jack Shand, the son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married Mary and after living on the 105 acres for a while longer, Mary and Jack moved to Merricks North, where for some reason, Jack was then called Peter. Perhaps his second name was Peter and there was a cousin called Jack already living in the new location.
The northern half was being leased by gardener, William Kemp, from Wadesson and Holmes executors in 1879.Kemp received a grant of 100 acres on the east side of Bowrings Rd on 3-2-1904 and was occupying it by 1900, by which time 15 B seems to have passed to the Freehold Interest Co but was occupied by Carl Smith by 1910.

1 or 2 or neither. The O.T. dam (Melway 160 B 12) was built by the company that marketed Kia Ora products, and their on-site manager was a man named Holmes. They grew tomatoes and passionfruit. (P.178, A Dreamtime of Dromana.)

2.Keith Holmes recalled how the 1890s depression and a fire led to his family settling at Red Hill. His grandfather, William Alfred Holmes, was farming west of Horsham but hard times forced him off the farm and he found work as a carpenter with the Victorian Railways. The depression had probably resulted in one of the Sheehans also seeking work with the railways and at that time he was the stationmaster at Murtoa. John Sheehan owned land on the western side of Wisemans Deviation, (which led to the steep former end of White Hills Rd being called Sheehans Rd) and his sister, Emily, went to Murtoa to stay for a while with the station master who was thought to be their uncle.
While she was there, William happened to arrive at Murtoa to perform some work and it must have been love at first sight. It was probably not long before William made a trip to Red Hill and the altar. William possibly had no family ties where he was living; his brother, James Andrew Holmes was at Cavendish in the Western District. He had married a Miss Montgomery, a descendant of a convict who had settled nearby when he got his ticket of leave. When he was burnt out, James came to Red Hill and bought Parrys block in the village. This 19 acre block is west of the junction of Perrys (sic) Lane and Arthurs Seat Rd and extends just over halfway to Prossors Lane.

I had thought that Emily Sheehan's relative was the station master at Murtoa because he just happened to be posted there, but it is likely that he had been there for years. Sheila Skidmore tells how her great grandfather Sheehan had married in Adelaide and set off in his bullock dray (a wedding present) in search of land, eventually selecting land at Murtoa and staying there for 15 years before moving to Red Hill. It is possible a brother had made the trip with them or joined them later.

HOLMES & WEADSON (WADESSON?) WADESON! Somewhere in rate records not transcribed, while researching another pioneer, I must have seen something that left me with a suspicion that J.Holmes,grantee of 208 acres at Melway 191 E3, (with Vines of Red Hill at its s.w. corner and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve), was a Sorrento resident. Trove indicates that he was probably J.T.Holmes, the prime mover in an attempt to get a fish company going there and prominent in the move to get a railway to Sorrento. It is possible that his wife was Susannah whose handbag was lost on an "omnibus" in Melbourne and that William Holmes of Sorrento was his brother. There is not one mention of Laurence Weadson on trove.
The reason that Lawrence Weadson was not mentioned on trove is that his name was Lawrence Wadeson.
His death notice appeared on page 1 of the Argus on 10-5-1876. He died at his farm at Kangerong, aged 62, as a result of injuries received through his horse running away.

As stated in comments, John Holmes was a (market) gardener. He and Lawrence shared 15B Kangerong of whose 104 acres John had 50 acres in 1874.

Time for a confession. My name is Ray Gibb. I married Valerie Joan Howarth and Peter Warren of Rye, descendant of pioneering Harcourt orchardists, married her sister, Roslyn. Peter's EXPRESS BIN HIRE supplies the wheelie bins for the Red Hill Market. But what has this to do with the crime of the century?

The 1919-20 rates reveal that Thomas and James Henry Howarth of Bowden St, Castlemaine had 30 acres, part crown allotment 8 Kangerong. Crown allotment 8, of 116 acres 2 roods and 35 perches and granted to George McLear, is that part of Arthurs Seat State Park east of a southerly extension of Collins Rd (Melway 160 C11.) The 1917 assessment shows that they had recently moved from 6 Brady St, Richmond to Bowden St, Castlemaine.

In 1925, the Howarth brothers sold their 30 acres to Mr R.Steele of St Kilda. (Frankston and Somerville Standard, 21-1-1925 page 1 RED HILL.) It is likely that the 30 acre block was used partly as an apple and pear orchard. The proceeds no doubt helped to build James Howarth's heritage listed homestead at Faraday (Everything that's happening on my doorstep: Faraday, Victoria 3451.)The farm combined apple and pear orchards, sheep grazing and dairy farming.

Valerie and Roslyn's father was Jim Howarth, who used to ride his pushbike from Faraday to Castlemaine Tech. to develop the skills that saw him as a radio technician/operator in the Air Force and the prime mover in bringing television to Castlemaine. Jim's older brother, Rex, and younger brother, Lester (who was known as Joe) remained on the farm. The girls were Lorraine, Ailsa and June who married Roy Portwine, Russell ? and Dave Hoare respectively.

Rex married Iris McInnes from Bendigo. They had four daughters, the youngest of whom, Susan, was too young to attend school in 1972. The Faraday school only had six pupils in that year, all girls. In the mid 1960's The Faraday, Franklinford and Fryerstown schools used to combine for excursions to the city; Franklinford had a gender imbalance of the opposite extreme and was jokingly called Franklinford Boys' College.

Three of the girls at Faraday in 1972 were Robyn, Jillian and Denise Howarth. With their teacher and three schoolmates, they were kidnapped on 6-10-1972. (EMOTIONS RUN HIGH 30 YEARS AFTER CRIME OF THE CENTURY,which has a photo of the school. -GOOGLE " Faraday, Howarth.")

The saddest thing about my research is that, despite the claim that Harcourt was the centre of Australian apple-growing until Tasmania claimed the honour, there is no detail on the internet about the pioneers or when the industry started there.

Bill Huntley is 94 years old and today (3-9-2012), I had my first conversation with him. Here are some of the things he told me. The original Huntley, his great grandfather, emigrated from Kent to New South Wales in 1835. Not liking that very much he soon moved to Victoria and having a fair bit of money bought land at Brighton and (as the family legend has it) 208 acres at Red Hill.The land referred to is that detailed under HOLMES and WADESSON above and John Huntley senior must have held the land under a depasturing licence. The 1865 assessment states that Holmes had 140 acres but it would have actually been 104 acres being either 15A, containing Vines of Red Hill and Darling Park Vineyard and granted to J.Holmes or 15B, between there and the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve, granted to Holmes and Co. It was more likely the former allotment. By 1879, John Huntley, gardener, owned the southern 104 acres, 15A, and William Kemp was leasing 15B from Holmes and Wadesson.

Mary Huntley married John Shand, who was called Peter to distinguish him from another John Shand. Bill told me that the Shands had moved away (to Gippsland etc) in about 1920 which would explain why David Barker had replaced William Shand on Alexander Shand's grant in 1919. (See BARKER.) As mentioned in itellya's DAVID MAIRS journal, David Taylor Mairs married Louise Huntley. David, known as Lee was a champion of the rifle and was employed by I.C.A. to demonstrate all over Australia how great their bullets were at killing clay pigeons.

As mentioned in the Mairs journal, Mairs Rd was probably the closed road between Disney St and Somers Rd, the northern end now called Pearce Rd. What is now called Somers Beach was originally known as Mairs Beach.

Coming from Kent, the Huntleys who established an orchard of about 40 acres on Kentucky Rd (Melway 191 H1)naturally called it Kent Orchard. Two Huntley houses still stand about 50 metres apart just east of Craig Avon Rd (Melway 161 J11; they are Rosslyn and Kentucky.

In the east riding assessments in 1919 (Assessment number 3001), Percy Huntley of Red Hill was assessed on 60 acres, part crown allotment 14A. This allotment of 121 acres 2 roods and 13 perches was granted to J.Davey and is fairly well indicated by Melway 161 K 10-11, with its south west corner being at the bend in Craig Avon Rd.Rosslyn and Kentucky homesteads are on this allotment and only about 50 metres apart.

Another phone conversation with Bill Huntley tonight made it clear that the east half of 14A was Rosslyn and the eastern half was Kentucky. Bill thinks that Kentucky's name came from Peter (i.e. John, who married John Huntley's widow)Shand, who visited America, or one of the Huntley girls who was a journalist there.
Kent Orchard was at Melway 191, J2 south of the bend in Kentucky Rd. Bill is going to take me for a history tour of Merricks North next week.

POSTSCRIPT. The tour revealed that the Kentucky homestead is now 214 Dromana-Bittern Rd and the Rosslyn homestead is number 212.

Bill also told me about William Huntley, son of John Huntley senior and brother of John Huntley Junior. William (or his wife) must have died young because Tommy Bent and Elizabeth (nee Huntley) adopted William's daughter, Ada; at the time they had no children but not long after, Elizabeth Hannah Bent was born (in 1866.)
(See BRIGHTON below.)

At this point, I should give you Bill's lineage. John Huntley and Catherine Evelyn (Hegarty) were his great grandparents, John Huntley and Mary (Hope) were his grandparents and Percy William Huntley was his father.

Bill talked about Dolly and (I think, as I was not making notes at the time) Trudy, which I took to be nicknames. I thought that I should do some genealogical research so I googled MAIRS, HUNTLEY. Bill's great grandfather appears to have been John Huntley who married Catherine Evelyn Hegarty and their only children listed were Elizabeth b. 1843 Melbourne and Rosina b. 1860 Brighton. This confirms Bill's claim of the early arrival in Victoria and that he bought land at Brighton.

It is unlikely that the Huntleys suddenly decided to be orchardists upon arrival at Port Phillip. When I googled Kent Orchard, I found websites from Kent in England where Dr Ian Huntley has a dental practice at Orchard House and R.K.Huntley is at Orchard Cottage! No doubt Catherine's husband had learnt all about orchards in Kent before he left.Brighton was a market gardening area with Somerville's Henry Gomm and his mate Tommy Bent being prominent exponents; no doubt there were many orchards there too. (See BRIGHTON below.)

No doubt John Huntley, who married Mary Hope, was a son of John and Catherine. Bill said that he moved to Red Hill when their house at Brighton was burnt down. John had died by 1900 because Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on 105 acres (probably 15A.) The 1902-3 rates record that Misses Mabel, Louisa and Laura Huntley were assessed on 105 acres and buildings, Kangerong (e.g. 15A.) In 1910, John Shand who married (Mary? ) Huntley was farming 15A and Carl Smith had 15B.
John and Mary Huntley had the following children, all born at Brighton, possibly at Grandma Hope's place:
Gertrude Annie b.1874; Mabel b.1877; Louise b. 1879, Laura Sarah b.1881; Herbert John b.1883; Percy William b.1887. (Note: I had earlier named the boy born in 1883 Percy John instead of Herbert John.)
The pet names for Mary's children are given in the SHAND entry re John (Peter) Shand. One of them, Lyn, was apparently born after Perce and married Phil Vansuylen. Lou married D.Marsh. Gertrude must have been Sis.(P.S. No she wasn't! Mabel was Sis, according to Bill Huntley, who told me something

I couldn't work out where Mary Huntley came from until I googled SHAND, HUNTLEY.Keith Holmes had told me that Jack Shand, son of Alexander Shand, had married John Huntley's widow, Mary. (Mary had been a widow in 1900 when she was assessed on 15A but of course once she remarried her husband was assessed and she was once again a nobody in the chauvinistic custom of the day.

BRIGHTON. In an idle moment I googled HUNTLEY, BRIGHTON. W.T.Huntley was a councillor. W.Huntley and James Hope, gardener, Brighton were two of the directors of a Tommy Bent company which just happened to own land on the route the railway to Pascoe Vale would take. John Huntley senior was struck by a train at North Brighton station in 1883 when his impatience got the better of him and was badly injured; he was taken to the residence of his daughter, Mrs Bent. My guess that Mary Hope had met her beau at Brighton seems to be confirmed.

Could it be that John Huntley senior's daughter was married to the future Sir Thomas Bent, Premier of Victoria? She sure was! Sir Thomas Bent and Elizabeth Huntley (daughter of John Huntley and Catherine Evelyn Hegarty; b.1843, d. 1908) were the parents of Elizabeth Hannah Bent (1866-1947.) There was no record of John Huntley junior in the initial index but he was Elizabeth Huntley's brother (1847-1900)and therefore Tommy Bent's brother-in-law!

Elizabeth Huntley was obviously Tommy Bent's second wife and the second given name of their daughter, Elizabeth Hannah would seem to have been a tribute to Tommy's first wife, Hannah Hall.

Tommy faced huge debts circa 1892 and avoided bankruptcy by putting his assets in Elizabeth's name. He lost the seat of Brighton soon after and moved to Port Fairy to dairy farm, standing unsuccessfully for the seat of port Fairy in 1897. Returning to Melbourne in 1900 he was re-elected in the seat of Brighton in November, 1900. He was Premier of Victoria from 16-2-1904 until 8-1-1909.
(Wikipedia, which wrongly gives the name of the second spouse as Elizabeth Huntly.)

Herbert John, referred to as Jack in Mary Shand's death notice, moved across the Tasman Sea!

John Huntley (cricketer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Huntley (born Herbert John Huntley, 4 November 1883 28 March 1944) was an Australian-born New Zealand cricketer who played for Otago. He was born in Brighton and died in Tuapeka.
Huntley made a single first-class appearance for the team, during the 1912-13 season, against Canterbury. From the lower order, he scored 8 runs in the first innings in which he batted, and 7 runs in the second.
Huntley took bowling figures of 0-27, as Otago lost the match by an innings margin.

After I did some more rate research today in order to establish the locations of A.E.Bennett's "Seven Oaks Farm" and James Hinds' "Seven Oaks", I rang Bill Huntley to confirm my conclusions. They were correct and Bill went on to supply more fascinating information about the Huntleys.

John (Peter) Shand was a surveyor and was often away for six months at a time surveying in Gippsland, so Mary (nee Hope, and previously John Huntley Junior's widow) would have run Kentucky with the help of her son, Percy, who lived next door on Rosslyn. The Shands moved away from Main Ridge in about 1920, as Bill told me earlier, but he added that they had land at Warragul,Agnes and Buffalo.

Gertrude Anne the oldest daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope) had the pet name of Annie. She was a talented artist and musician. She carried her piano on drays etc, teaching music all the way from Red Hill to Perth. Wheter she embarked upon reaching Perth or not, she spent most of her life in Europe and married a Spanish Count, going by the title of Countess Huntley- D'Argola (the last word being a guess at the spelling.)

Her sister, Mabel, most likely given her pet name of Sis by Annie, spent most of her life overseas too, working as a journalist in America and becoming a close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, descendant of Johannes Roosevelt, who did not have to change her surname when she married a descendant of Jacobus Roosevelt,Frankiln D. Roosevelt, who became President of the U.S.A.

Alfred Downward who established "Glengala" (Melway 162 F-G8) also owned land in Kangerong west of Junction Rd. When Alfred died in 1930, he left his land near Tubbarubba to his son, Herbert who habitually burnt off his Tubbarubba land every year. Often Percy Huntley and his sons, Arthur(killed in the war) and Bill would have to interrupt their fruit picking on "Rosslyn" to fight Herbert's out of control fires. (P.31 THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)

JARMAN 1919 Bal. (See HEAD.)
Daisy Maria, wife of the late Wallace Jarman, died at Devonia, Flinders Rd at the age of 79.The names of their children are given in the death notice. (Argus 11-4-1955 page 14.) It would seem that Wallace Jarman had bought Alfred Head's Fern Valley and called it Devonia. Sheila Skidmore said that early Church of England services in Red Hill were held primarily for the Jarmans at Devonia.

JONES Edward. See the end of the BENNETT entry.

Percy Huntley (Bill's dad), took James Hinds to the Melbourne Hospital when he became ill. Unfortunately James did not return home. (See HINDS and SEVEN OAKS entries.

LESSING. (Hanson, Alpine Chalet, truck, Carrum.)


Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
It is possible that Edward Bowring was related to John Bowring Journeaux, a grantee in Balnarring parish near Tubbarubba. Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Herb, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

The Littlejohns were certainly in demand as builders. Jimmy Fenton, from whom Fenton Hall got its name, had them build a house on the south corner of One Chain and Tubbarubba Rds in 1918. They were bet a bottle of beer that they couldn't finish the framework in one day and of course they succeeded. (THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)

LOXTON (Edited extract from present pages 100-101 of "Peninsula Dictionary History".)
Sam Loxton (who recently died on 3-12-2011) was interviewed for an article about the famous underarm bowl incident on the last ball of a one-day international against New Zealand in 1981 (Sunday Herald Sun 30-1-2011.) Sam hadn't known how to respond to Greg Chappell's instruction to his brother, Trevor, to bowl such a (literally) low ball so he took Billy Sneddon's advice (as described above.) The article went on to say that, after delivering this spray to Greg, Sam left the ground and drove back to Red Hill where he lived.

S.L.Loxton became the owner of crown allotment 20B, no section, parish of Kangerong on 16-11-1939. Consisting of just over 106 acres, this block (indicated by Melway 161 B-C 10) was accessed via Bowrings Rd off McIlroy's Rd. S.L.Loxton, who was almost certainly Sam's father and known to Thelma Littlejohn's family as Sam, was a member of the committee of the Prahran Cricket Club from 1941 until his death in 1974. Sam Senior was an electrician but in 1956 he became the FIRST PRINCIPAL of the Melbourne Royal Arch. I presume that that would make him a Grand Master of a lodge, and this introduces another cricketing connection, as the first to occupy this position (in 1884) was the venerated Sir William John Clarke at whose "Rupertswood" at Sunbury the "Ashes" were created. There is also a Red Hill connection in that Sir William owned the Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) where many pioneers near Red Hill had made their start in the area (Henry Dunn, 1846-51, followed by the McLears, Watsons, Eatons, Clydesdales and so on.)

I will not provide details of Sam's sporting exploits here because they are available on wikipedia.

John McIlroy, son of W.J.McIlroy, married Sophie Harvey at Red Hill Methodist Church on Monday 2nd October. See full details at the start of the HARVEY entry. (Mornington Standard 7-10-1905 page 2.)


McKEOWN The McKeowns started out on 73 a and b Balnarring. EXTRACT FROM Peninsula Dictionary History. 73AB. (Lot 73A, was west of Stony Ck with its north east corner almost over the road from Sheehans Rd and extended east almost to Stony Ck. Lot 73B was between 73A and the Red Hill Village; the eastern boundary being over the road from the south east corner of the showgrounds.)
Granted to James McKeown, both 147.7 acre lots passed into the hands of the Sheehans. They comprised two farms, Wildwood (73A) and Glenbower (73B). Keith Holmes said that they were not of equal size and this was probably because the creek, east of the allotment boundary, was used as a border so that both farms had water access.
The McKeowns moved to Dromana and operated the Aringa Guest House, which must have been a decent size judging by the crowd which attended the At Home for Trooper E. McKeown in 1902.

WELCOME HOME TROOPER! (Mornington Standard 10-5-1902 page 2.) Trooper E. McKeown was escorted into town when he arrived home from the Boer War. There was then a reception in the hall, which was too small to hold the crowd. Among those present were returned troopers Allison and Purves. The McKeowns later held an At Home at Aringa attended by 72 people. During supper a surprise presentation was made to Mr F(rank?) Counsel for his cool -headedness, which prevented a tragedy. He was conveying the Caledonian Singers near the Red Hill cutting (Eatons?) when the bolt on the brake lever broke.

McLEAR 1919
McRAVEY Thomas 1863. In 1863, Thomas had 60 acres at Red Hill,of which he seemed to be the owner, and had cultivated one acre. He hasd later cultivated 3 acres but I cannot find my note concerning it.His name appears in the September 1864 assessments but I do not seem to have transcribed any details about him in the 1865 assessments.
Colin McLear, in A.D.O.D., reveals that Thomas was in the area by 1862 when his name appeared in George McLear's account book. In 1864, George had business dealings with James McRavey who must have been the brother or Son of Thomas. (The name is misprinted as McRary in the boo

McROBERTS W.1919. (Surname unclear; could be Roberts.) He seems to have recently moved to Red Hill from Main Creek,and settled on 30 acres of 12A, Kangerong.


Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal. W.MARSHALL.74G, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

In August 1902, Mr Marshall was chiefly growing peaches and apricots,which did not seem to be as successful as the usual fruits. He was also growing vegetables and strawberries.(MS02)

At the Dromana Show in 1897, Mrs D.Marshall came second, behind Mr H.Prosser,a fellow Red Hill resident, in a category for vegetables. (MS 23-4-1897, P.3.)

In 1898, W.Marshall of Red Hill requested permission from the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to cut saplings in front of his property.(MS 29-9-1898, p.3.)

The largest strawberry patches were on the properties of J.McIlroy and J.Shand but those of W.J.McIlroy, Arkwell, Marshall and H.Prosser were fruiting heavily. (MS1-8-1903, p.3.)

Colin McLear says much about William Marshall in "A Dreamtime of Dromana". P. 27 William Marshall was an early tenant on Jamieson's Special Survey, living roughly near the intersection of Pickings Rd and Lansell Ave in Safety Beach. John and Mary Ann McLear had done well on the famous John Oxley's property at Cambden, N.S.W. and in 1846 moved to the River Plenty where they took up residence on the property of Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named (and whose descendants might have owned Green's Bush near Red Hill.)

On Boxing Day,1849, John McLear, who had employed William Marshall as a groom for his horses, attended a race meeting, near the Plough Inn, Plenty, with William Marshall. John had won a bet but John Holland refused to pay up and tried to hit John with sticks and a whip, which William confiscated.One of Holland's mates hit the back of John's head and killed him. It would be likely that William would have accompanied the widow, Mary Ann, to Jamieson's Special Survey, especially if he had come with her from N.S.W.

William might have been already married upon their arrival in 1851 because he was one of a number of Survey tenants whose children attended a private school on the east side of the Nepean Highway about 400 metres north of Wallaces Rd (near the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery.)

In 1863, he was leasing 70 acres from Big Clarke, which had shrunk to 60 acres in 1865, his house still of two rooms. His name does not appear in my transcription of the 1879 rates but I did not record assessments in Balnarring rates. Alex Marshall, the first postmaster in Red Hill in 1871 had been succeeded in this post by 1873 (see page 23 in summary.) It is possible that William, the groom and 1851 Survey tenant was born about 1825 and had sons named Alex and William in about 1850. This would have made Alex about 23 when he took on the post office and William about 40 when he bought 74G.

MOAT William 1863. By this first available assessment, William Moat had a house and 10 acres fenced. He received the grant (title) for about 60 acres on 13-5-1875.

MOORE Captain Billy. Sheila Skidmore stated that William Henry Blakeley and Captain Billy Moore purchased a two masted schooner named Fear Notto carry firewood from Dromana to Melbourne and return with provisions.The 1879-80 rates show that W.H.B.Moore, mariner, was assessed on one (house) lot and building, Dromana. John Moore, Inspector of Works, was assessed on 33 acres, Kangerong. The mariner was not granted a house block in Dromana Township (west of McCulloch St) and the inspector might have had the 34 acre crown allotment 3 of section A, Kangerong (less a one acre block on which Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store stood) on the west side of Pier St which ran from the beach road to Palmerstone Avenue.

MORRIS. See the end of the BENNETT entry.

MYERS 1919.

Extracts from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.

F.NASH was granted 74f, 19 acres south of Marshall's and 74(E1), south of 74f, containing 7 acres. Lot 74 E1 is now occupied by the house of Trevor Holmes whose cherry farm occupies part of Prossor's 74E to the south, the other part being owned by the Edwards family. Lot 74 F is indicated by the south east quarter of Melway 190 K5 and the north east quarter of K6.

In August, 1902, Mr Nash had 6 acres of the usual fruits and more cleared and ploughed. (MS02.)
The 1902-3 assessments show that F.Nash was assessed only on 74F and that 74E was vacant. Fred Nash must have bought 74 E1 of 6 acres 2 roods and 25 perches after this time and Henry Prossor his 12 acre share.

By the 1919 assessment Frederick Nash Snr was assessed on 8 acres (part 74E), 37 acres and buildings(74 F, 74G ) as well as 40 acres (lots 6 and 7,part crown allotments 73A, 73 B.) Mrs Emmie Nash was assessed on 20 acres (lot 5, part crown allotments 73A, 73B.) Frederick Nash Jnr was assessed on 25 acres, part 13B, Kangerong.

Crown allotments 73A and B, Balnarring, consisting of 107.5 acres each, were granted to James McKeown and became two farm of unequal size (according to Keith Holmes) named Glenbower, adjoining the Village Settlement, and Wildwood, adjoining William Henry Blakeley's 140 acres at a spot near the Sheehans Rd corner. Crown allotment 13B, Kangerong, consisting of about 70 acres, was granted to Margaret Davies and is now the Kindilan Society land east of Nashs Lane (Melway A 4-5.) The rest of 13B was occupied by Red Hill residents, R.Addicott and John E.Holland who both had 25 acre blocks.

W.MARSHALL was granted lot 74G of the Village Settlement, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane. By 1919 Frederick Nash senior owned 74G, which now houses the Greek church.

MYERS RD. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.

NEAVES George.
Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
G.NEAVES was granted 74j, 19 acres south of Parry's about opposite the Station Rd corner. (south east quarter of Melway 191 A 6 to corner of Arthurs Seat and Shoreham Rds.
In August 1902, Mr Neaves had 4 acres cultivated, mainly strawberries.

George Neaves was still on 74J in 1919. He had erected a building on it by 1902, according to that year's assessment. George's daughter, Eva, went to school with Ruth Holmes. (Keith Holmes.)

Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
T.S.PARRY. 74i, 20 acres south of Harvey's with its south east corner roughly across the road from the south boundary of the Red Hill South Community Reserve.(The south end of Perry Lane marks the mid point of the long frontage to Arthurs Seat Rd, stopping just short of the Shoreham Rd corner, with the block tapering to a western boundary in the middle of Melway 191 A6.)

In August 1902, Mr Parry had a two and a half orchard which had been planted in that year. The rate collector was a little confused in the 1902-3 assessments and had assessed Neaves on 74i (with Parry written above Neaves) and has assessed Davidson on 74J instead of 74K.

This block became "Kia Ora" a farm owned by a member of the Holmes clan (Keith Holmes.). The 1919 assessments seem to indicate that it had been bought by James Andrew Holmes; there was a house on the property which must have been built by Parry some time after 1902.

Should Perry Lane (191 B6) actually be Parry Lane?

Prossors Lane is named after Henry Prossor who bought several Village Settlement blocks on the west side of Prossors Lane as well as the southern 12 acres of lot E at the end of the eastern side. Sid Prossor told me that Henry had come to Red Hill from Boneo. The Wannaeue parish map shows that crown allotment 4 of section B, Wannaeue was granted to M.A.Prosser on 19-1-1916.Consisting of almost 319 acres, this land was bounded by Browns Rd on the north and Limestone Rd on the south and is indicated by Melway 170 H-J 12 and 253 H-J 1-3. The surname is spelled with the er ending but so is Henry's on the Balnarring parish map. Was M.A.Prossor Henry's brother?The 1919-20 assessments show that M.A.Prossor lived in Fitzroy and still had this land.

Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane. In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A11.

74D. Henry P. Prossor was assessed in 1902 on 40 acres on 74D, 74C obviously being leased to Edward Bowring. As mentioned previously Henry was assessed on 40 acres (74 E and 74C) and 12 acres (part 74E).C.A.74E was stated as being vacant in the 1902-3 rates and later was bought in two parts, the northern (74E1)of 7 acres by Fred Nash and the southern (74E) of 12 acres by Henry Percival Prossor. Therefore, the 40 acres consisted of 74D and 74C in 1919.
Also assessed in 1919 was Norman Prossor. He had 43 acres and building, part 71A1 Balnarring. This crown allotment, bounded on the west by Mornington- Flinders Rd, on the south by Stony Ck Rd, with its eastern boundary and northern extent indicated by Pardalote Dr, consisted of eighty three and a half acres so Norman's portion probably fronted Mornington- Flinders Rd with the western tributary and Musk Creek forming the eastern boundary; Musk Creek joins Stony Creek in 190 G9.One might ask why there was a 71A1 when there was no 71A. I believe that 71A was to be alienated in two parts, but the grantee, Alfred Head, bought both parts on 26-5-1882 after obtaining the grant for 71B,of 116 acres south of Stony Creek Rd, much earlier.

H.PROSSER.74(E), 12 acres at the end of Prossors Lane with the opposite boundary parallel with Shoreham Rd.
This land was still vacant in 1919, possibly because it was too steep. Fred Nash bought the northern 7 acres (74E1, now Trevor Holmes' Cherry farm) and Henry Prossor the southern 12 acres, part of which is now owned by the Edwards family, and about 8 acres (including the old homestead) by Trevor Holmes.
The name Prossor/Prosser means son of Roger, being a mutation from ap Prosser. (Prossor website accessed through Holmes genealogy website.) See 74 C and D for other Prossor details.

Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prossor, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)
Henry Percival Prossor was at Boneo before he moved to Red Hill in about 1893. (Sid Prossor.)

Alexander Prossor was assessed on 49 acres and buildings, pt.73A Balnarring in 1919 (recently Charles William Ward.) This would have been on Glenbower to the west of the village settlements. W.A.Holmes had sold all but 149 acres of the 215 acres of Glenbower and Wildwood (73A and B). Norma Bright, Henry's grandaughter and Norm Prossor's daughter, told me that her Uncle Alexander was known as Harry.

Henry Percival Prossor was heavily involved in the operation of the coolstore. (See RAILWAY OPENING.)

Continuing Henry's habit of carrying off prizes at the Dromana Show (Mornington Standard 30-8-1902 page 2, Around Red Hill), Norm Prossor and Sons did well at the Red Hill Show in 1938. (Argus 27-10-1938 page 9.)

Norm Prossor's name seems to have been Percival Norman Prossor. His executors were Francis Claude Prossor, gentleman, of "Cooma", Commercial Rd, Mentone and Keith Bernard Ronald Prossor, orchardist of Red Hill. (Argus 9-2-1950, page 13, Legal notices.) The first executor seems to have been F.C.Prossor of Commercial Rd, Mentone whose elder son, Francis, was engaged to Joan Letts of Elsternwick. (Argus 8-18-1947 page 7.)

L.R.Prossor won many prizes at the Red Hill Show in 1955 and B.S.Prossor won a prize too. (Argus 28-3-1955 page 9, Fine Fruit at Red Hill.)

Fruit growers from all over the state assembled at Ringwood for a demonstration of fruit packing and some, including Henry Prossor, were photographed. (Argus 24-6-1925 page 17.)

PURVES. (Hanson, Sophie Harvey's bridesmaid etc.)

RAILWAY OPENING AT RED HILL. (Argus 3-12-1921, page 28.)
This detailed article adds a little to Sheila Skidmore'sdescription of the opening in THE RED HILL. The correct pronunciation of the pioneering name is recalled by the spelling of "Mowatt's" Corner. H.P,Prossor was the President of the Coolstore Co-operative Co. and S.Holland was its Secretary. Andrew Haig was a Flinders Shire councillor.William Calder, Chairman of the C.R.B., told the crowd how much had been spent on the roads.

RATTRAY James, 70A Bal. 1919. James Rattray had recently sold his 86 acres and buildings (70A, Balnarring) to Pezekian and Co. of Carlton, his name having been crossed out. Granted to William Hopcraft, the 89 acre allotment was between Mornington -Flinders Rd and Stony Creek with its north and east boundaries being the suburb boundary between Red Hill South and Main Ridge. The present Tucks Rd corner indicates its north west corner (having been deviated further north) and its south east corner was just north of the junction of Musk Creek and Stony Creek in Melway 190 G9.
Was W.Rattray, a Tasmanian who won the woodchop at the Red Hill Show in 1955 on his way to compete in Sydney, a descendant of James? (Argus 28-3-1955 page 9.)

RED HILL ENLISTMENTS. (Standard , Frankston, 5-7-1940 p.6.) Under this headline, it was stated that Red Hill had 13 officials and players who had enlisted for service. They were W.E.Craig, the President, Mt MacGregor, Vice President, Mr Manning, the goal umpire, and playersincluding Eric Pritchard, Stan White, R.Trewin, K and G.Skidmore, E.Salmon, C.White and P.Cleine. Young Cleine's father or uncle was a pacifist according to Shiela Skidmore and often argued with Charlie White during W.W.1 about the morality of warfare and I wonder if the team mate was Charlie's son.

As if Red Hill wasn't a common enough name, there was a visit by the Premier to the Red Hill Village Settlement in 1893 but this one was between Drouin and Longwarry. (Argus 26-12-1893 p.6.)
RIGBY 1919
RINGROSE 1865. The illegible writing in the 1865 assessments led to me transcribing this name as Ringrove. The pioneer had 60 acres. The name of Mrs Ringrose appeared in George McLear's account book in 1865.

The Ringrose family evidently settled on its 60 acre grant (whose location is described in the entry for Arthur E.HILL)in 1865 but the rate collector didn't know much about them and failed to provide an initial for the surname which I guessed was Ringrove. The assessment of 1868 records the occupant of the 60 acres (i.e. 18B Kangerong) as Brian Ringrose.

It seems that this pioneer had been much concerned in public affairs at Smythesdale before coming to Red Hill, that is if his given name was Briant! After finding that Mr Ringrose was forever moving and seconding this and that according to a Ballarat newspaper, The Star, I came across an article on page 3 of the 23-5-1863 issue, which stated that Mr Briant Ringrose was the manager of the Great Trend Co. An advertisement on page 4 of the 18-2-1862 issue of The Star shows that Bryan Ringrose was the manager of the Reliance Gold Mining Company whose operations were to be at Scarsdale; however, he was later taken to court for not paying calls on his shares. After the accident mentioned below, Ringrose was taken to Scarsdale.

Mr Ringrose had been one of 18 men proposed by a meeting in 1861 for the municipal election of seven members. Smythesdale had much interest in communal activity and an exhibition was planned. In an article about the planning committee, an interesting item found underground by Mr Bryan Ringrose was mentioned. (The Star 19-9-1861.) Mr Ringrose was a member of the local Turf Club (13-9-1862 page 1s),and on the committee of the cricket club (1-11-1860 page 2). He was a manager or shareholder at several gold mining companies such as the Great Trend, the Reliance, the Mount Bute (The Star 3-11-1862 page 4)and, one would think, finally, the Cape Clear, where Bryan found he no longer had a nose for business. (Sorry Bryan, I deserve punishment for that one!)

It would be fortunate if our Red Hill pioneer had spent his previous time at Ballarat rather than in Tasmania (as Trove demonstrates) but not so fortunate if our Briant/Bryan Ringrose had moved to another mining company by November 1863; if so,he no longer had a nose. (The Star 25-11-1863 page 2.) This explosion took place at
Sprindallah where Bryan Ringrose had applied for a mining lease in 1861 but then withdrawn his application (The Star 5-11-1861, page 3.)

It would seem that Bryan Ringrose decided that a quiet farming life was better suited to a man who had been disfigured and moved to Red Hill within a year of his accident. After the article of 25-11-1863, there was no more mention of Bryan Ringrose of Smythesdale!

There is not yet proof that the Smythedale pioneer was also the Red Hill pioneer. I have not even found a Brian/Bryan Ringrose in genealogy websites apart from one in New Zealand. I have asked the historical society which covers Smythesdale if they have any record of Bryan Ringrose being still in that area in 1865. (See end of RINGROSE entry!)

Today, I traced the Ringrose grant year by year and these are my findings.
All entries relate to 60 acres of land in Kangerong.
2-9-1865. 1-9-1866. 1-9-1867. Ringrose (surname only) was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong, a house being first mentioned in 1867 but probably there all the time.
5-9-1868. The given name, Brian, is recorded for the first time . The house had one room.
4-9-1869. The given name was altered with a stroke (/) to turn i into y. The house is not mentioned.
3-9-1870. There are no assessment numbers but the person to be rated is recorded as Bryan Ringrose.
2-9-1871. No Ass. No. After Bryan Ringrose's name that of William Hillas (sic) is written in inverted commas, probably indicating that William Hillis was leasing the 60 acres. William Hillis was not assessed on any other land.
7-9-1872. No Ringrose. No assessment numbers. William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres under H. One would assume that he had bought the land but with these rate collectors it is dangerous to assume anything.
6-9-1873. No Ass.No. Under H, William J.Hillis is crossed out and Francis Hirst is written above it. The owner's name, Ringrose, is not forgotten as it was in 1872.
5-9-1874, 2-10-1875, 15-9-1876. Under H, Francis Hirst was assessed each time with the owner being, respectively: Ringrose, Bryan Ringrose and Blank! Had it been sold this time?
14-9-1877. No listing under H (Hirst) or R (Ringrove). Look at every assessment in Centre Riding for 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose in "Owner" column. Job Sherwood was leasing the 60 acres from B.Ringrose.
27-7-1878. Job Sherwood still leasing from B.Ringrose. N.A.V. was 14 pounds. (I hadn't checked it previously but I did notice it had been 10 pounds earlier on.)
24-7-1879. Nothing under S. Nothing under R. Look through all centre riding assessments. Under D, Charles Daniel was recorded as leasing from B.Ringrose.
31-7-1880, 30-7-1881. Nothing under D. Check whole of centre riding again for 60 ac K or Ringrose in owner column. The property had been forgotten (see ASSESSMENTS entry) and at the very end it was noted, without an assessment number, that what looked like John Gawin was leasing from B.Ringrose. The 1881 entry was clearly John Galvin and he was a labourer but the owner column was blank. Had Galvin bought 18B Kangerong?
29-7-1882, 21-7-1883.(A.N. 276 and 275/150, in shire, in riding.) Occupant column blank but Bryan Ringrose was listed as the owner in both years. The 83-4 rates were paid by Mr Ellis on 26-5-1884. I think we can assume that Ellis meant Hillis.
19-7-1884. (Nothing near previous assessment numbers.) Check whole riding for 60 acres K or Ringrose in owner column. (A.N. 110.) William Kemp, orchardist, was leasing from B.Ringrose.
20-7-1885. Not one Kangerong property of 60 acres was listed. No Ringrose in owner column. This looks like it!
17-7-1886. I wrote nothing so the result must have been the same as for 1885.
16-7-1887. Between Rudduck (157) and Segrave (158) but with no assessment number or occupier name, Ringrose was listed as the owner. The rates were paid by Hillas (sic.)
Blank July, 1888. A.N.28. Ringrose in owner column.
Blank July, 1889. No 60 acres Kangerong assessed. Had it been absorbed into a large landholding or had the rate collector forgotten the property again? Hardly any entries in the owner column and no sign of Ringrose.
Blank July 1990. No 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose. A retrospective examination re William Hillis made sense of a baffling entry in 1891. In 1890, William Hillis was assessed on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong; to the left of this description, in tiny numerals, 60 was written above 213 (A.N. 98.) One would assume that this meant 60 acres in Wannaeue and 213 acres in Kangerong but as I said before, with these rate collectors don't assume anything.
William Hillis was granted 23A Wannaeue on 12-11-1888 and 23B Wannaeue on 10-12-1885. The first consisted of 59 acres 3 roods and 34 perches and is roughly indicated by Melway 171 H, part J-6. The second consisted of 153 acres o roods and 36 perches and is indicated by 171 pt.J, and K, 5-6. With 40 perches making a rood and 4 roods making an acre, the total of these two allotments is 213 acres and 30 perches. Therefore the 60 acre block was in Kangerong. Segrave's 60 acres were in Flinders and the only other 60 acre block, apart from Bryan Ringrose's 18B Kangerong, was Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" but this had become 233 acres years earlier.Therefore the land on which William Hillis was assessed in 1890 should read: 60 acres, 18B Kangerong and 213 acres, 23 AB Wannaeue.

Blank July, 1991. William Hillas (sic) was assessed on 60 acres Wannaeue and Kangerong. Perhaps William had mortgaged his grants or they may have been sequestered so he only had Bryan Ringrose's grant but because the rate collector wasn't sure whether the 60 or the 213 acre land was in Wannaeue, he kept the Wannaeue and Kangerong tag.

Blank July 1992. William Hillis could have had 60 acres Kangerong (preceded by an ink blot that looked a bit like a one or 160 acres.

If our Bryan Ringrose was disfigured and not often seen in public, it seems that William Hillis was one of his few friends. The following is being placed here rather than in the HILLIS entry so that it can be seen in context regarding the information from the rate books.

Bruce Bennett states on page 22 of THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE:
William Hillas (sic) owned land on the corner of Wilsons and Main Creek Rd (i.e. 23 AB Wannaeue) and 27 acres on the top of White Hill including Watermill Farm. He was named as a butcher in the 1884 rates and appears to have been Red Hill's first butcher.

While reading an extract from Joseph McIlroy's diary on page 19 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, where Joseph mentioned staying the night at Mr Hillis's place while bringing a steer back from Frankston on 9-3-1881, I was thinking of the Wannaeue land and presumed that for some reason he had travelled via Eaton's Cutting. Now it is pretty clear that he had travelled up White Hill Rd from Moat's Corner and stopped near the McIlroys Rd corner. William Hillis may have been leasing S.P.Calder's much later grant. He could not have been on Bryan's 18B because John Galvin seems to have been there from July 1880 to July 1882.

I received the following reply from Margaret Roberts, Research Officer of the Woady Yaloak Historical Society. Dear ---, I have searched through all our records and I have reached the same conclusion as you. The Brian Ringrose who was at Red Hill is most probably the same one who was at Smythesdale/Browns/Scarsdale in the early 1860's. Did you notice there was also a Joseph Ringrose here as well? A brother or father maybe as they were involved in many of the same mining ventures.

As you have surmised I have found no records of either of them after the accident. The two doctors who attended the victims, Drs Foster and Saengar were two of the best doctors in the area. Dr Foster was at Piggoreet and would have been the closest doctor to the accident whereas Dr Saengar was at Scarsdale and would have been the next closest. Poor Dr Saengar was murdered in September 1865 by a deranged man in Scarsdale. Please note that Smythesdale has an S in the middle. I noticed that in your article on him in the Red Hill article you omitted it. Good history though, congratulations.

Thanks Margaret for all your trouble. Sorry about the missing S which I have now remedied.


Nelson Rudduck was one of the trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Church whose first service was conducted on 25-1-1885.He resigned as trustee in 1920. (THE RED HILL pages 31, 32.)

Nelson's father, Sam, had purchased "Karadoc" in 1858 during one of several visits to Australia. Rudduck, Ruddock and Karadoc are variations of a word, thought to be Celtic in origin,which meant red- breast. Nelson himself arrived in Australia in 1868. His name may have been chosen because his father had been born in 1806 at the time the body of Horatio Nelson was being carried down the Thames to its final resting place.

Nelson was very heavily involved in the community, Methodist Church and the Rechabites; the Rosebud Fishing Village block on which Rosebud's Methodist Church remains as a medical centre was granted to Nelson Rudduck and the land for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital (opposite the BP garage and part of Karadoc) was donated by the family.His son, Ern, built a store at Rosebud and continued his father's involvement as a Flinders Shire Councillor and a pillar of the Methodist Church.Another son, Harry, farmed at Boneo.

H.B.Simon (known as Simon the Belgian, or Frenchman) lived on Boundary Rd (Hillview Community Reserve and to the south, about Melway 160 B 9-10) and as Nelson passed by one day he noticed that the pioneer was about to fall because he was sawing off a branch between where he was perched and a trunk. I won't tell you what happened but let's visualise why Nelson was travelling along Boundary Rd. I think he was making one of his regular trips via Eatons Cutting (160 E 9-12) to Main Creek Rd.

Nelson Rudduck was granted crown allotment 24B, Wannaeue of 145 acres on 31-5-1881. This land is indicated by Melway 171 J-K 3 and K4, its western boundary bearing 345 degrees 21 minutes. On 4-7-1888, 17B Wannaeue,of 100 acres, was granted to J.S.Rudduck. The grantee was Jane Sophia (nee Chapman), Nelson's wife. This land went from Duells Rd to Kinwendy Rd (170 J 9-11.) H.N.Rudduck (probably Henry Nelson, Harry) was granted crown allotment 23 Fingal on 13-2-1938. Consisting of 163 acres, this land is indicated by Melway 259 G 1-3 and H 1-2 being north of Long Point Rd and west of Mornington Peninsula National Park.

It would be reasonable to assume that those along Nelson's route would have known him well, even if they were not Methodists and drank like fish!
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA has pages and pages of genealogical and biographical information about the Rudduck family.

SANDLANT. Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
C.A.74a was occupied by Tom Sandlant by 1902 but he was living elsewhere as there was no house on it.(FKR02) The block was heavily timbered but Tom had been busy clearing and planting four and a half acres of strawberries.(MS02) Robert Henry Holmes owned 74A by 1919.


The Sawyer family was mainly involved with the area north of Ellarina Rd in the parishes of Moorooduc and Bittern but Fred Sawyer had land near the Hopcrafts and there was a marital connection between the families.


The Argus of 29-7-1916 reported the death of Sarah Renouf, the widow of Amise Renouf of Frankston, who died on 15-7-1916 at her daughters residence in Dromana. She was 95 and a colonist of 68 years. Strangely all of her children had the surname Sawyer, indicating an earlier marriage. Two of her sons had moved to the vicinity of Neerim but another two were pioneers of the locality known as Moorooduc and a daughter married into a prominent Dromana pioneering family. Her children were: L. and H.Sawyer (at and near Neerim), J.Sawyer(Moorooduc), F.Sawyer (Bittern), Mrs John Hopcraft and Mrs Jonah Griffith.

But what do the Prossers have to do with the Renoufs and Sawyers?
I googled Sawyer-Prosser on Trove in the hope of finding some details of the marriage. There I found information posted by somebody who must be researching the Hodgkinson family. It so happened that Sarah Renouf had been born Sarah Prosser and had married Isaac Sawyer.

In 1879 Frederick Sawyer was leasing 142 acres in the parish of Wannaeue from the Crown. There were only three Crown allotments of this size and Professor Hearn already had two of them. This left only 21B of 142 acres 3 roods and 1 perch, granted to Alex. Shand Jun. on 1-6-1909. This land is fairly well indicated by Melway 190 D9 and C-D10.
And guess who had the land north of his. John Hopcraft. Guess who had 178 acres (70 A and B, Balnarring) to the north and east of the start of Tucks Rd. William Hopcraft! Directly across the road (69A Balnarring) was Robert Henry Adams, whose gentlewoman wife, a Hopcraft girl, refused to live at Hopetoun House with the ungentlemanly old sea salt, Captain Henry Everest Adams. Both Frederick and Robert did not extend their licences and their land was granted, respectively, to Shand and M.Byrne. The Hopcrafts moved further south later and the Hansons occupied Williams beautiful house and called it Alpine Chalet. (Sources: parish maps, rates, marriage certificate of Adams-Hopcraft, Adams family legend, Adams Corner Ray Gibb, Memoirs of a Larrikin Hec Hanson.)



This property was described as Seven Oaks Farm, Red Hill when A.E.Bennett married in the early years of the 20th century and as Seven Oaks, Red Hill by 1915 when James and Elizabeth Hinds were grieving the death of their son Willie in Egypt. I do not yet know its location.

SHAND 1919.

John(Peter) Shand married John Huntley Junior's widow Mary (nee Hope.) Apparently he was known as Peter and after being assessed on 15A Kangerong in 1910, it was operated by the Misses Huntley while Peter and Mary moved to Kentucky Orchard whose homestead still stands at 214 Bittern-Dromana Rd, just east of Craig Avon Lane. Although Keith Holmes(recently made a life member of the Dromana Historical Society)and Bill Huntley told me independently that John was known as Peter, Mary's death notice on page 13 of the Argus of 11-8-1917 (under SHAND)refers to her as the beloved wife of John Shand. Mary's children (all Huntleys) are referred to by their pet names: Annie, Sis, Lou (Mrs D.Marsh), Laura, Jack, Perce, and Lyn (Mrs Phil Van Buylen). {b] I'm almost certain that Lyn would have been Mrs Van Suylen because Mary Muir (a Vansuylen, who put me onto Bill Huntley in the first place) said she was related to Bill.

See the HUNTLEY entry regarding John's surveying in Gippsland and other Shands owning land at Warragul, Agnes and Buffalo in that area.

SHAW Major J.N., Barracks, Queenscliff, 1919 K&Bal


Standard, Frankston, 25-10-1945 p.2. Mrs R. Sheehan who broke her leg recently is expected home soon. If she was Reg's wife she was formerly Miss Shaw, teacher at the Red Hill school, according to Hec Hanson, and her first name was Ann according to Thelma Littlejohn or Keith Holmes. (I forget which.) Reg Sheehan was a decent poet as demonstrated by his poems, "In Memory of the late Albert Cleave" and "Reunion". (Frankston and Somerville Standard 8-2-1929 page 8.)


SIMON Henry Bernard 1863. Known as Simon the Belgian or Frenchman, Henry had 122 acres by the 1863 assessment.This probably included 3a and 3b of section 3 Kangerong (about 70 acres) fronting the north side of Boundary Rd that is now the part of Arthurs Seat State Park west of the line of Collins Rd (roughly Melway 160 A-B 10-12.) See ADOD for anecdotes.

Thomas John, 20 acres pt. 75 A,B. Bal. 1919.

Mr and Mrs W.Simpson were farewelled. Mr Simpson, who had been the teacher at Red Hill for five years, had been transferred to Newham, near Woodend. (Mornington Standard 7-10-19056 page 2.)
SMITH Carl Jaby 1919
SMITH James, Shoreham, 20 acres pt. 75 A,B 1919 Bal.

See the DAVIS entry re Jonathan Davis (in August 1902) dairying on 60 acres leased from (Maude) Strong who was obviously a widow by 1900. (Hopefully I will be able to find the location of this 60 acres which Mrs Maude Strong was leasing from trustees in 1900.)
TANNELL L., Footscray ( almost certainly Tassell . 1919 20 acres 75A,B Bal.
TAYLOR G.L., Merbein, 20 acres, 75A,B,Bal. 1919

THIELE. Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's. (Bottom half of Melway 190 J-K 5 west of Prossors Lane.)
On Charles Thiel's block adjoining (Sandlant's), as well as 5 acres of orchard, strawberries, cape gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries and black currants had been planted. (MS02)Charles' 74B was one of four blocks on which a house had been erected in 1902. (FKR02)

The Ararat Advertiser of 24-4-1915 had this article on page 3.
Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of the Red Hill district, were driving towards Dromana on Sunday and it is believed that, when they were descending Eaton's Cutting from Red Hill to Dromana, the horse bolted. At a dangerous turn in the road, the wheel left the buggy and the occupants were thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that Mr Thiele's neck was broken and he died almost immediately. Mrs Thiele is now in a low condition, suffering from severe bruises and shock.

The death notice was on page 13 of The Argus on 24-4-1915.
THEILE (sic).On the 18th April (accidentally killed) at Red Hill, Charles August William , dearly beloved husband of Lena Thiele. (Interred 20 April at Dromana.)
This notice tells us Charles' full name and that of his wife but unfortunately does not reveal his age,
descendants, parents or siblings. There may have been no children."Old residents of Red Hill" in the above article could be a reference to age rather than time spent in the area.
There is a possibility that Charles was a descendant of Doncaster pioneer, Gottlieb Thiele, who planted the first orchard in that district in 1853. After arriving in 1849, Gottlieb set up as a tailor in Melbourne before spending time at several places including Red Hill .GOTCHA! These places were on the diggings and this red hill was near Castlemaine. (The Argus 8-5-1953, p.19; Box Hill-Doncaster Centenary. Their Gold grew on trees.) A photo of Gottlieb accompanies the article. With the area being so close to Melbourne, available land for orchards would have been snapped up quickly, so Gottlieb's descendants would have had to look elsewhere after a while, and no doubt the payment terms on the Red Hill Village Settlement would have been reasonable.

The assessments of 28-11-1914 show that the name of Thiele Charles had been written for assessment number 892. The surname had been crossed out and replaced with White. On 9-11-1915, Eden White, a Main Creek farmer, was assessed on 74b. By 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 74b.

Charles Thiele must have received a good education. He sang a ballad in I ntalian, accompanying himself on the guitar at a meeting of the Red Hill Literary and Social Club.Mornington and Dromana Standard 29-8-1903 page 4.)

TREWIN 1919 Bal

Standard, Frankston, 4-10-1945, p.1. The M.P.S.L. eh? Was this soccer? Harry Trewin is pictured being presented with a trophy for the best and fairest in the MPSL. Further investigation revealed that it was footy. Doug Dyall, the M.P.N.F.L. historian told me that it was the Mornington Peninsula Social League which operated during the war to raise funds towards the war effort. Judy Patching, famous Olympics administrator, who played in Rosebud's first premiership in 1933 before serving 14 years in the navy, was one of the players.
The Courier-Mail, Brisbane 6-8-1953 p.2. Harry Trewin was obviously as good at critical reading and Arithmetic as he was at footy. His letter headed Fast Ferry pointed out a journalist's lack of mathematical understanding. The interesting thing was why Harry was reading a Queensland paper. Perhaps he had trained there.
Horsham Times 5-5-1953 p.2. BYERS-LANGLEY. Harry Trewin of Red Hill was the brother-in-law of the bridesgroom Donald William Byers of Kew.
The Argus 25-11-1942 p.2. Sergeant Robert Clifford Trewin, aged 25, was killed in action on November 3 in Egypt. He was the eldest son of Edgar and Margaret Trewin of Red Hill and the brother of Bess (Mrs Wilson), Marjory and Harry.
Standard, Frankston, 25-10-1945 p.2. RED HILL. Mr and Mrs Yuille Wilson have twin daughters. Mrs Wilson's parents, Mr and Mrs E.Trewin have had three grand-daughters in the past month,as Mrs C.White also had a daughter. (Mrs Wilson was Bess so Mrs White must have been Marjory.)

Standard, Frankston, 25-4-1946 p.8. Harry was not the only good footballer in the family. L.Trewin had been granted a clearance from Carlton to Red Hill. M.W.Mannix was also cleared from Richmond to Red Hill. The Mannix family was one of many which fished at Flinders in season before moving permanently from Queenscliff. (Lime Land Leisure.)

WARD Charles William (replaced by Alex Prossor recently on 49 acres of 73A Bal.) 1919

WAR SERVICES HOME DEPARTMENT. A.H.Lewis was assessed on 100 acres on crown allotment 20, Kangerong, his postal address being care of the Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne. Some of this land was probably the old Red Hill Township near the intersection of White Hill and McIlroy Rds where the Kangerong parish map shows a maze of tiny blocks west of Bowring Rd.

WALKER Ernest F., Main Creek, 14 acres and building, pt. 25a, W. 1919
WATSON E.M., 37 Epsom Rd, Kensington, former McIlroy land, 1919
WATSON H.G., Dromana, 233 acres and building (northern part of Appleyard's grant.) 1919

Argus 3-6-1897 p.1. James Wheeler, husband of Elizabeth Wheeler had died at the age of 51. A patient sufferer at rest.
WHEAT? Mrs Lavinia, Windsor, 25 acres 25b,W, 25 acres pt. 18a K. 1919
WHITE 1919(20b,W etc)
See HARRISON entry re White-Harrison marriage and "Roselands".

WILSON James 1919
YEATES (YATES) F.R., Buckley Park, Essendon, 135 acres, lots 1,2,3,12 pt. 75A,B 1919.Bal.It is possible that this man was related to (David?) Yates, the owner of the Racecourse Hotel in Keilor Village, who had a racecourse behind the hotel now partly occupied by the present primary school. Buckley Park was a farm of about half a square mile on the east side of Hoffmans Rd, Essendon (to about Hedderwick St) that had been granted to William Hoffman who named it Butzbach. This man might have been leasing it from the Croft family.

Allotment 21B, parish of Kangerong was granted to R.C.Young. Consisting of a bit over 121 acres, this allotment fronted the north side of McIlroys Rd but its south east corner followed Dunns Creek, adjoining crown allotment 22H, which is that part of the Kangerong Nature Conservation reserve north of McIlroys Rd. The northern extent of the allotment is indicated by Melway 161 E10.
Henry Coxon Young was assessed on a 5 roomed house and 12 acres, Red Hill, in 1863 but on 3-9-1864, Robert Coxon Young was assessed on a 5 roomed house and 21 acres. By 1865, the rate collector had worked out that the 5 roomed house was on 121 acres and T.Coxon Young was assessed.
In 1879 there was no assessment on any member of the family and no mention of a 121 acre property in Kangerong.

In 1853, Robert Coxon Young, architect, was living in a brick cottage in Geelong. (Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer 27-12-1853 p.7.) Another item on trove (to be completed soon) seems to indicate that Robert ran for the office of surveyor there. By 1860 the architect had become an attourney!
Messrs James and John Charles Young have commenced business as importers and general merchants, such business to be carried out by their authorised attourney, Mr Robert Coxon Young, at 49 Elizabeth St South, Melbourne.(The Argus 31-8-1860 p.8.) The business did not last long. It was probably not long afterwards that Robert bought allotment 21B from the Crown. If I am asked to do so in comments, I could do some more rates research regarding the Young family's tenure on the land.

By 1876, Robert Coxon Young, who had formerly been the surveyor at Ballarat East, was appointed Town Clerk there.
(The Argus 19-2-1876 p.8. Ballarat.) Catherine, the youngest daughter of the late Robert Coxon Young C.E., died on 30 May, 1901 in Ballarat. (The Argus 31-5-1901 p.1.) Catherine's father was dead but the name continued.
Robert Coxon Young was the only son of James Young (see 1860)and died at 356 St Kilda St Brighton in 1944. (The Argus 8-9-1944 p.2.)

5 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


This journal was formerly part of a summary of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL. Sheila gave little specific information about the village settlement pioneers on pages 41-3 of her book so I decided to fill the void. I felt that having the following information in the journal about Sheila's book detracted from the flow of the summary, so it will be deleted from that journal.

P.41-3. THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.

To avoid needless typing, certain sources will be abbreviated. MS02= Mornington Standard 30-8-1902 p.2; article entitled "Around Red Hill". FKRO2 = Shire of Flinders and Kangerong rates 1902-3. FKR19 = same shire 1919-20. KH = Keith Holmes.

HISTORIANS-BEWARE OF HASTY ASSUMPTIONS. I was excited to find a newspaper report about the Premier, Mr Patterson, visiting the Red Hill Village Settlement. Unfortunately none of the settlers were mentioned by name. I was rather puzzled that the Premier was afterwards driven to Drouin where he caught a train back to the city. Was Eatons Cutting Road that bad? It transpired that there was another Red Hill Village Settlement, near the railway line between Longwarry and Drouin, one of many communities organised by Rev. Tucker, whose committee included a Mr Rudduck. This leads me to suspect that Nelson Rudduck of Dromana may have had some influence in the Government's choice of our Red Hill for one of its village settlements.

H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell.In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present.The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the lateE.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present. I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.

Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

C.A.74a was occupied by Tom Sandlant by 1902 but he was living elsewhere as there was no house on it.(FKR02) The block was heavily timbered but Tom had been busy clearing and planting four and a half acres of strawberries.(MS02) Robert Henry Holmes owned 74A by 1919.

Keith Holmes remembers 74A being owned by Dave Holmes so he was probably a descendant of Robert Henry Holmes.

C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's.
On Charles Thiel's block adjoining (Sandlant's), as well as 5 acres of orchard, strawberries, cape gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries and black currants had been planted. (MS02)Charles' 74B was one of four blocks on which a house had been erected in 1902. (FKR02)

The Ararat Advertiser of 24-4-1915 had this article on page 3.
Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of the Red Hill district, were driving towards Dromana on Sunday and it is believed that, when they were descending Eaton's Cutting from Red Hill to Dromana, the horse bolted. At a dangerous turn in the road, the wheel left the buggy and the occupants were thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that Mr Thiele's neck was broken and he died almost immediately. Mrs Thiele is now in a low condition, suffering from severe bruises and shock.

The death notice was on page 13 of The Argus on 24-4-1915.
THEILE (sic).On the 18th April (accidentally killed)at Red Hill, Charles August William , dearly beloved husband of Lena Thiele. (Interred 20 April at Dromana.)
This notice tells us Charles' full name and that of his wife but unfortunately does not reveal his age,
descendants, parents or siblings. There may have been no children."Old residents of Red Hill" in the above article could be a reference to age rather than time spent in the area.

There is a possibility that Charles was a descendant of Doncaster pioneer, Gottlieb Thiele, who planted the first orchard in that district in 1853. After arriving in 1849, Gottlieb set up as a tailor in Melbourne before spending time at several places including Red Hill .GOTCHA! These places were on the diggings and this red hill was near Castlemaine. (The Argus 8-5-1953, p.19; Box Hill-Doncaster Centenary. Their Gold grew on trees.) A photo of Gottlieb accompanies the article. With the area being so close to Melbourne, available land for orchards would have been snapped up quickly, so Gottlieb's descendants would have had to look elsewhere after a while, and no doubt the payment terms on the Red Hill Village Settlement would have been reasonable.

The assessments of 28-11-1914 show that the name of Thiele Charles had been written for assessment number 892. The surname had been crossed out and replaced with White. On 9-11-1915, Eden White, a Main Creek farmer, was assessed on 74b.By 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 74b.

H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane. In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A11.

It is possible that Edward Bowring was related to John Bowring Journeaux, a grantee in Balnarring parish near Tubbarubba. Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Fred, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

74D. Henry P. Prossor was assessed in 1902 on 40 acres on 74D, 74C obviously being leased to Edward Bowring. As mentioned previously Henry was assessed on 40 acres (74 E and 74C) and 12 acres (part 74E).C.A.74E was stated as being vacant in the 1902-3 rates and later was bought in two parts, the northern (74E1)of 7 acres by Fred Nash and the southern (74E) of 12 acres by Henry Percival Prossor. Therefore, the 40 acres consisted of 74D and 74C in 1919.
Also assessed in 1919 was Norman Prossor. He had 43 acres and building, part 71A1 Balnarring. This crown allotment, bounded on the west by Mornington- Flinders Rd, on the south by Stony Ck Rd, with its eastern boundary and northern extent indicated by Pardalote Dr, consisted of eighty three and a half acres so Norman's portion probably fronted Mornington- Flinders Rd with the western tributary and Musk Creek forming the eastern boundary; Musk Creek joins Stony Creek in 190 G9.One might ask why there was a 71A1 when there was no 71A. I believe that 71A was to be alienated in two parts, but the grantee, Alfred Head, bought both parts on 26-5-1882 after obtaining the grant for 71B,of 116 acres south of Stony Creek Rd, much earlier.

Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prosser, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)
Henry Percival Prossor was at Boneo before he moved to Red Hill in about 1893. (Sid Prossor.)

W.MARSHALL.74G, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

In August 1902, Mr Marshall was chiefly growing peaches and apricots,which did not seem to be as successful as the usual fruits. He was also growing vegetables and strawberries.(MS02)

At the Dromana Show in 1897, Mrs D.Marshall came second, behind Mr H.Prosser,a fellow Red Hill resident, in a category for vegetables. (MS 23-4-1897, P.3.)

In 1898, W.Marshall of Red Hill requested permission from the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to cut saplings in front of his property.(MS 29-9-1898, p.3.)

The largest strawberry patches were on the properties of J.McIlroy and J.Shand but those of W.J.McIlroy, Arkwell, Marshall and H.Prosser were fruiting heavily. (MS1-8-1903, p.3.)

Colin McLear says much about William Marshall in "A Dreamtime of Dromana". P. 27 William Marshall was an early tenant on Jamieson's Special Survey, living roughly near the intersection of Pickings Rd and Lansell Ave in Safety Beach. John and Mary Ann McLear had done well on the famous John Oxley's property at Cambden, N.S.W. and in 1846 moved to the River Plenty where they took up residence on the property of Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named (and whose descendants might have owned Green's Bush near Red Hill.)

On Boxing Day,1849, John McLear, who had employed William Marshall as a groom for his horses, attended a race meeting, near the Plough Inn, Plenty, with William Marshall. John had won a bet but John Holland refused to pay up and tried to hit John with sticks and a whip, which William confiscated.One of Holland's mates hit the back of John's head and killed him. It would be likely that William would have accompanied the widow, Mary Ann, to Jamieson's Special Survey, especially if he had come with her from N.S.W.

William might have been already married upon their arrival in 1851 because he was one of a number of Survey tenants whose children attended a private school on the east side of the Nepean Highway about 400 metres north of Wallaces Rd (near the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery.)

In 1863, he was leasing 70 acres from Big Clarke, which had shrunk to 60 acres in 1865, his house still of two rooms. His name does not appear in my transcription of the 1879 rates but I did not record assessments in Balnarring rates. Alex Marshall, the first postmaster in Red Hill in 1871 had been succeeded in this post by 1873 (see page 23 in summary.) It is possible that William, the groom and 1851 Survey tenant was born about 1825 and had sons named Alex and William in about 1850. This would have made Alex about 23 when he took on the post office and William about 40 when he bought 74G.

By 1919 Frederick Nash senior owned 74G, which now houses the Greek church.

F.NASH. 74f, 19 acres south of Marshall's and 74(E1), south of 74f, containing 7 acres.

In August, 1902, Mr Nash had 6 acres of the usual fruits and more cleared and ploughed. (MS02.)
The 1902-3 assessments show that F.Nash was assessed only on 74F and that 74E was vacant. Fred Nash must have bought 74 E1 of 6 acres 2 roods and 25 perches after this time and Henry Prossor his 12 acre share.

By the 1919 assessment Frederick Nash Snr was assessed on 8 acres (part 74E), 37 acres and buildings(74 F, 74G ) as well as 40 acres (lots 6 and 7,part crown allotments 73A, 73 B.) Mrs Emmie Nash was assessed on 20 acres (lot 5, part crown allotments 73A, 73B.) Frederick Nash Jnr was assessed on 25 acres, part 13B, Kangerong.

Crown allotments 73 A and B, west of the village settlement, were granted to James McKeown. The family later moved to Dromana where they bought William Grace's grant, Gracefield , crown allotment 5 of section 3, Kangerong, consisting of almost 250 acres ( roughly Melway 159 G-H 9-11.) Gracefield Ave may have been the entrance to this farm. In about 1892, James and his son, Henry, built the Aringa Guest House at the north west corner of Foote and Clarendon Sts, which provided a living for his girls until after World War 2. The above details come from Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and the Kangerong parish map. Now I will quote Colin.

"James McKeown was born in 1831 and died aged 88 in 1920. His wife, Catherine Townsend McKeown was born at Port Fairy (I think it was then called Belfast) in 1841 and died in 1928. James migrated to New Zealand in 1853, moving to Warrnambool in 1856. His sister, Mary, had married Hill Hillas in Ireland in 1846 and migrated to Red Hill in 1855 and taken up farming. James travelled to Red Hill in 1862 and purchased 200 acres of farming land south of the current oval. He returned to marry Catherine at Koroit and they travelled to Red Hill in a bullock cart in 1863. His orchard was called Musgrove Farm and he built a wooden house on the property called Glenbower. In 1874, James cut and sold timber piles for the building of Dromana pier. The Red Hill property was sold to the Sheehan family in 1889when the family moved to Dromana.

The twelve children of James and Catherine were:
Anna (b.1864, d. 1950), Henry (b.1865, d.1916), James (b.1867, d. 1935), Williasm (b.1869, d.1950), Isabella (b.1871, d. 1932), Arthur (b. 1873, d.1937), Eva (b. 1874, d.1953), Maud (b. 1876, d.1945), Ethel (b.1879, d.1964), Ernest (b.1881, d.1941)Ada (b.1883, d.1887), Edith (b.1886, d.1987.)"


73A and 73B, Balnarring each consisted of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, thus making a total of 215.375 acres. Keith Holmes told me that this became two farms of unequal size, Glenbower (adjoining the future village settlement) and Wildwood (adjoining William Henry Blakeley's 72A, which now houses the Consolidated School.) The two farms seem to have been jointly owned (by the Holmes family?)and subdivided by 1902 when properties described in "Around Red Hill" had to be west of the village settlement. The 1919 assessment shows that William A. Holmes had 147 of the 215 acres while Fred Snr and Emmie Nash had 60 acres, and Alexander Prossor 49 acres. It seems that the rate collector was fazed by all the new subdivisions (with hundreds of unknown ratepayers) and accidentally labelled Alex Prossor's land as part of 73A instead of 75A which was south of the village settlement and other Prossor land. This 49 acre block was until recently (1918-9) occupied by Charles William Ward.

In 1919, Frederick Nash Junior had 25 acres, part of 13B Kangerong. Crown allotments 13A and B, west of Andrews Lane, consisting of almost 130 acres, was granted to Margaret Davies, who was obviously a widow. The western boundary of 13B (now the Kindilan Society property) just happens to be Nashs Lane (Melway 191 A4.) As no more rate records are available on microfiche, I can only speculate that young Freddy bought more land nearby or was at the end of the lane.

It is possible that the Red Hill Nash family was descended from Charles Nash of Fairview and Bayview in Tullamarine.

H.PROSSER.74(E), 12 acres at the end of Prossors Lane with the opposite boundary parallel with Shoreham Rd.
This land was still vacant in 1919, possibly because it was too steep. Fred Nash bought the northern 7 acres (74E1, now Trevor Holmes' Cherry farm) and Henry Prossor the southern 12 acres, part of which is now owned by the Edwards family, and about 8 acres (including the old homestead) by Trevor Holmes.
The name Prossor/Prosser means son of Roger, being a mutation from ap Prosser. (Prossor website accessed through Holmes genealogy website.) See 74 C and D for other Prossor details.

T.HARVEY.74h, 20 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd from the general store to the Mechanics Rd corner.

In August 1902, Mr Harvey of "Fernside" had a 9 acre orchard which was a model of neatness, 5 acres of strawberries and gooseberries, passionfruit bearing heavily and Japanese plums.

In 1902-3, F.Harvey was assessed on 74H. By 1919, 74H was occupied by Samuel L.Holland.

Keith Holmes recalls Ethram Harvey. Ethram may have been the son of Thomas Harvey, who was building a house on the block occupied by Edward Bowring in 1902 and was probably the grantee of 74h. Edward Bowring married a Harvey girl according to Keith Holmes, so he may have married the daughter of Thomas Harvey.

In the 1910-11 assessments, E.Harvey and Joseph Harvey, Red Hill farmers, were assessed on 213 acres (23b and 23b2 Wannaeue) and 144 acres (24 Wannaeue) respectively. It would seem fairly easy to locate these properties but the rate collector did not help much. James W.Gibson, the grantee, had 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres so Joseph Harvey could not have been there. E.Harvey's land was actually 23B (about 153.25 acres) and 23A (almost 60 acres), both granted to William Hillis. Access to 23A was via Wilson Rd at its south west corner and this allotment went north halfway to Whites Rd (roughly Melway 171 H6.) Crown allotment 23B was west of this, with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd (roughly 171 J-K 5-6.)
Joseph Harvey might have had 24B, of 145 acres, granted to Nelson Rudduck of Dromana or 24D and 23A1 of a combined 146.7 acres but John and James Bayne, Shoreham graziers, still had their grant so Joseph must have had 24B. The north east corner of this strangely shaped allotment was in Heath Lane (the original end of Main Creek Rd) 70 metres from Arthurs Seat Rd and the road frontage continued south 227 metres to roughly the site of the Miceli Winery (Melway 190 A3.) There it met 24A of 50 acres, granted to J.Pierce but occupied by James McIlroy of Red Hill. which fronted Main Creek Rd and the eastern 425 metres of Whites Rd. Joseph's block fronted the next 425 metres of White's Rd, from which point the western boundary headed nor nor west to, roughly, the top left corner of Melway 171 J3.

Also in the 1919-20 assessments, T.J.Harvey of Healesville had 25 acres, part 25A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 25A, granted to Peter Watson and consisting of almost 83 acres was on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd(roughly Melway 171 J 1-2 , K2)and had a frontage to the northern 70 metres of Heath Lane; it was north of 24B which Joseph Harvey had occupied in 1910.

T.S.PARRY. 74i, 20 acres south of Harvey's with its south east corner roughly across the road from the south boundary of the Red Hill South Community Reserve.

In August 1902, Mr Parry had a two and a half orchard which had been planted in that year. The rate collector was a little confused in the 1902-3 assessments and had assessed Neaves on 74i (with Parry written above Neaves) and has assessed Davidson on 74J instead of 74K.

This block became "Kia Ora" a farm owned by a member of the Holmes clan (Keith Holmes.). The 1919 assessments seem to indicate that it had been bought by James Andrew Holmes; there was a house on the property which must have been built by Parry some time after 1902.

G.NEAVES. 74j, 19 acres south of Parry's about opposite the Station Rd corner.
In August 1902, Mr Neaves had 4 acres cultivated, mainly strawberries.

George Neaves was still on 74J in 1919. He had erected a building on it by 1902, according to that year's assessment. George's daughter, Eva, went to school with Ruth Holmes. (Keith Holmes.)

W.DAVIDSON. 74k of 17 acres opposite Centrepoint.

W.Davidson was assessed in 1902-3 (see 74i.), but the rate collector was confused.Unless my transcription was faulty, the Davidson block was not mentioned in "Around Red Hill" written in August, 1902. By 1919, 74K was occupied by Mrs Frances Edwards.
Mrs Davidson was "Dolly" Nash, who could not move one of her arm and always had it clad in a stocking.Mr Davidson's sister married a Cavanagh from Balnarring.(Keith Holmes.)

A very confused entry in the 1910-11 rates indicates that rates on a property were to be written off. The property, of 60 acres, 18A Kangerong, seems to have been leased by Jonathon Davis and to be the estate of William Davidson, care of Mrs Edwards of Red Hill. The land,on the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd, had been granted to Henry Dunn and formed all or part of his "Four Winds". The block was almost square with its western boundary extending to a point opposite Tumbywood Rd.

Areas are rounded to the nearest acre. Frances, Elizabeth and Frederick Sts are not on the village settlement but are on 75A, Balnarring, granted to J.McConnell.


I never had great sporting ability, despite my father being named in Bunyip's football team of the era 1902-1940, but had reasonable success in cross country at University High, C Grade footy at Doutta Stars, cricket and football boundary umpiring. I was prompted to write this article as I enjoyed a coffee after a trip to Red Hill today to wander down Prossors Lane and to discover William Henry Blakeley's post office and bakery. Crackers Keenan was retelling his memories in sport on SEN 1116 and my memories started coming back. Hopefully some of my memories will be helpful for descendants of those I mention when they are writing the family history.

My chief memories of sport at Bank St, Ascot Vale (till the end of second term in grade 5) and Kensington Primary and Central School involved end to end footy. At Ascot Vale State School we had to "take something off our kicks" as Denis Cometti would say, so the footy wouldn't finish up in the caretaker's residence. At Kensington the footy was always going into the boys' toilet and shelter shed. After sport at Ormond Park, the boys would walk back up the hill along Lovers' Lane on the south side of Ormond Rd to find out why it had such a funny name. The Footscray (now Kensington) Road hill would provide a challenge of one's boyhood after sport at the South Ken. Flat, to ride a bike (or wobble more like it) all the way up to Derby St.

While we were living in North St, Ascot Vale, Peter O'Sullivan used to visit his girlfriend,((Rosemary Armstead?), who lived further up the street. Peter played for Essendon and were were thrilled when he joined in our end to end.

Dad barracked for South Melbourne and wanted to buy Swans' jumper for my brother and me. Mum said that she wasn't washing white jumpers so we ended up as Essendon supporters. Mum often took us into Dicky Reynold's newsagency on the south side of Puckle St, Moonee Ponds. The Thirds used to play the curtain raiser to the senior game and Les Pridham's grandmother, who used to sit near us in the grandstand, used to yell out "Lessie, you're blood's worth bottling!" every time he did something for the young bombers.It is well dcumented how the crowds used to swap ends each quarter with the great John Coleman but I also remember how he'd squat on his haunches in the goal square chewing P.K. and Juicy Fruit from the many packets thrown to him by adoring fans. I remember the spot at Windy Hill just south of the true centre half forward position at the Napier St end where he suffered the tragic knee injury. I remember him playing in the annual old boys' game against the school team but he couldn't even get off the ground; Hasting's Deadshot Jack was no more!

At Uni High, the sportsmaster was George Murray, who was captain-coach of Footscray Cricket Club for many years. In fifth form I made it to the seconds in cricket. We used to practice with the firsts and one day my hand was nearly broken when I fielded a drive hit by Graeme Beissel; it had travelled about 90 metres all the way along the ground and was still travelling at about ninety miles an hour. Graeme was equally good at football but retired from football after coming second in the Brownlow while playing for Essendon.

I boundary umpired for the Uni. High footy team while I was in form 5. They gave the Public Schools a lesson. Members of that team would have included Ron Carruthers (Collingwood), Terry Rodgers (Essendon), John Booth (Fitzroy) and Barry McAuliffe (North Melbourne). John Booth must have pulled off the worst kick in history when he missed from the goal square against Melbourne Grammar.

In the same year (1960), Holy Trinity started an under 16 cricket team in the Churches comp. Three of the grounds (at least)involved getting wet if you let the ball get past you for a four; they were Ormond Park, John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve and Lebanon Park (homes of Moonee Valley, Oak Park and Strathmore Football Clubs.)Fielding improved out of sight to avoid a wade in the muddy bottom of the Moonee Ponds Creek to retrieve the ball. Footballs would have often finished up in the creek too. One day we played at Lebanon Park. I thought it was strange to call an oval after a country, not knowing at the time that Lebanon was the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. from which John Murray Peck of Cobb&Co. fame had come. One of the Strathmore lads hit a six which hit the wall of a house, just inches from a window, on the other side of Mascoma St. The lady of the house came storming across the road threatening all sorts of retribution but to no effect because young Daryl Gerlach launched a never-ending stream of sixes in the same direction. Daryl was a star footballer for Essendon not too much later.
DARYL HASLEM was very much a part of our cricket team despite being born with a disability that claimed his life quite early. We played our first season at the South Ken. Flat, having mowed a pitch on the grass. The flat frequently flooded and on the Friday before a match, perhaps the first, we went down to see how the pitch was. To our dismay we found that the council was pumping the water away from a flooded area-right onto our pitch. What to do? Dazza solved the problem quickly , taking the end of the hose back to the flooded area. This reminds me of an incident in 1951 when Phillip Holden, my brother and I found an old bathtub dumped at the flat when it was severely flooded. The next morning we tried a bit of rowing before school, arriving there half an hour late and covered with mud. We were not congratulated for our endeavours at an Olympic sport! Talking of rowing, I wonder if the Aussie rower at the London Games with the surname of Booth is related to John Booth of Uni High who was an excellent rower as well as playing footy for Fitzroy.

In 1961, I started at Teachers' College and became a V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary umpire. Many of my games were in the Federal League but it was a thrill to do league thirds matches at Hawthorn, Collingwood etc. I used to do extra training at Royal Park with Lindsay Sullivan a senior V.F.L. boundary umpire and met many umpires on the senior list. Bobby Dumbrell was a fitness fanatic who could do sit ups and push ups for extra periods at extraordinary speed. Stan "Comfy" Tomlins was an ex V.F.L. footballer who could smoke a fag under the shower without getting it wet. Kevin Sleeth was a jovial fellow, not really a fitness freak like Bobby, but still had a great career with the V.F.L.
JACK POTTER was just one of the great sportsmen who graced the playing fields of University High School. I think I recall George Murray saying in an interview that Jack Potter was the best cricketer he ever coached at the school. Jack was several years ahead of me and had left school before I started but qualifies for these memoirs because of our joint involvement in umpiring. As a eighteen year old, to meet Jack had me in awe and despite our age difference we trained together and sat together at the meetings. Of course we had the connection of Uni High but we shared a passion for umpiring.
When I had a bye in umpiring, I used to have a game of footy with Flemington and Kensington Methodists which played at Debney's Paddock in Flemington. My brother and many of the lads I had been to school with or knew in other ways played for them. It must have been in 1962 that Jack joined the Reserve Grade list. I can't recall whether it was the first game of the season, in other words, Jack's first game, but it was certainly early in his career.
Flem. and Ken. Meths. played in a northern metropolitan churches comp. and Jack was appointed to their game, away, against Croxton Meths. Many of the early football teams, such as the two that merged to form the all conquering Tullamarine team of 1975-9, Essendon Baptists-St Johns and Ascot Vale Presbyterians (3 churches), were composed of members of congregations and it is likely that Ken Fraser and Ron Evans attended church parades with EBSJ players as 17 year olds before joining the Bombers. However the connection between church and club was decidedly looser in the case of Croxton Meths.
Now Jack had a great personality and, I believe, had every chance to rise quickly in umpiring ranks. Unfortunately many of the Croxton Meths. players had spent several hours in the pub before taking to the field. There had been several fiery episodes in the first half but the Croxton players came upon an alcohol fuelled strategy at half time; to thump an opponent each as soon as the ball was bounced. This happened and for the protection of the victims Jack was forced to call the game off. And as far as I know, that was the last game that Jack umpired. As sport fans would know, Jack was the captain of the Victorian cricket team for a great number of years, when the annual Boxing Day clashes with New South Wales featured most members of the Australian Test team.

As I lost about eight hours of typing last night and the Tulla and Red Hill journals are screaming, "What about me?", I am going to abandon the narrative for note form. To make sense of the chronology, I will briefly outline my residence and footy/umpiring involvement through the years and influences on my attitude to umpiring.

RESIDENCE. Ascot Vale 1943-September 1950; Kensington till 1964 with a brief break at Ballan; Castlemaine 1965-6; Maldon 1967; Flemington 1968- mid 1971; Tullamarine till recently.

FOOTBALL/ UMPIRING. V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary (U)1961-2; Essendon District Football League field (U) 1963-4; Bendigo Football League boundary (U) 1965-6; Maldon (F)1967; V.F.L. Reserve Grade field (U) 1968-9; V.F.L. field (U) 1970; E.D.F.L. field and boundary for most of 1971 ending with Ascot Vale Presbyterians playing at Tulla; Doutta Stars 1972-4 (F); 1975-6 Tullamarine (F); E.D.F.L. field and boundary (U) 1977- mid 1983; V.F.A. boundary till end of 1990; A.F.L. boundary umpires' observer with responsibility for V.F.L. list 1991-2.

INFLUENCES ON UMPIRING. When I started with other youngsters such as IAN ARTSO, attending lectures at Richmond Postal Institute under advisor Harry Clayton (whose son Ian was a V.F.L. umpire and star athlete over longer distances), and read my first rule book, one line seeped into the depths of my brain: "The spirit of the laws is to keep the ball in motion." Thus rule 14b (a player lying on or over the ball is deemed to be in possession) became central to my thinking. My spirit of the laws also included unspoken aims that the lawmakers had obviously had in mind, namely to promote spectacular aerial contests and hard physical contests that would not cause serious injury. Then there was one more aim that almost every footballer or fan would agree with:look after the player going for the ball.

From the start, I umpired with my voice rather than my whistle. "Don't hold or shepherd, eyes on the ball, run and jump" in ruck and marking contests, saying and meaning "get it out" when a player was tackled. Nobody wrestled like Wayne Carey and Gary Ablett. Bodywork in ruck and marking contests was legitimate. I would average four ball ups a game. I once did a game while on holidays in Rockhampton in 1978, because two of the four umpires were unavailable, the fellow who'd done the first game had left and the bloke doing the second game was almost out on his feet at half time. I raced home to grab some gear and got back in time for the third game.The players afterwards told me that they had not believe a game of footy could flow so freely and complained that they wouldn't be able to walk for a week.(Major Queensland towns had six teams, thus three games each week , all played on the same ground. They also had six Rugby League teams.)

Harry Beitzel started the rot for me when he limited V.F.L.umpires to a maximum of 50 free kicks a game. That meant that in the split second of decision time in the first minute of a game, when a tackle was laid, the umpire would think "Gee, if I pay this one, I'll have to do it all day" instead of did he have prior opportunity and is he REALLY trying to handball. He'd end up balling it up, thus creating packs. The next player would hatch the ball rather than giving it up as a loose ball, knowing he would not be penalised. Commentators praised such hatchers. The tacked player's team mates would not bother to get into position for a handball because there was no need to do so any more.
Apart from my desire to keep the ball moving, I also wanted to prevent serious injury and it concerned me that Carlton's Adrian Gallagher used to duck his head to evade tackles. The advisors instructed the umpires not to give him a free for around the neck but I went a step further, penalising a player who ducked and was tackled with fair intention and announcing, so every player would hear, that I would not allow players to deliberately put themselves in danger and cause opponents the emotional trauma that Essendon's Jim Carstairs suffered when he accidentally blinded Brian Johnson of North Melbourne.

When the two umpire system came in, I could not operate with most umpires as they were turning the beautiful game into the rugby described above. Imagine what a farce it would be: footy at one end and rugby at the other. It wouldn't lead to consistency of decisions and would be terrible for the players. Therefore, I lost ambition to get to the top as a field umpire and dropped down a level every time two umpire games were introduced.My new ambition was to have the captain of the losing side congratulate me after the game. Then I fell in love with the Under 16 competition. This was the last the E.D.F.L. saw of the really good players. I remember with fondness a game at Oak Park (captain, Andrew Coates) when a skinny little Anthony Rock was introduced to me as Hadfield's captain. When I walked onto the ground, there was a fellow with a video camera, Ian Coates, who with Billy Dellar had made me so welcome on the A.F.L. list in 1970. Sadly Ian already had the motor neuron disease that killed him but I was to run many V.F.A. games with Andrew.
Paul Chapman played Under 16footy with Blessed St Oliver Plunkett's (BOPS), now North Coburg Saints, in the 1980's. I remember a game at Tullamarine in which the crew-cut Paul took two screamers. Paul umpired at the same time in the Oak Park social league and used his experience to invent a new way to draw a free for around the neck, bending his knees to lower his very erect head. Now of course the Selwoods of this world simply raise their arms so the tackle slides up. How easily most umpires are sucked in!

One great influence on my umpiring came about in 1965-6 when I boundary umpired in the Bendigo League. It did not have its own umpires group so the field umpires such as my old mate Max Beer were sent by the V.F.L. and each club had two boundary umpires who did only home games. I trained at Castlemaine's Camp Reserve and knew the players well through this, travelling to away games, activities such as car trials (where I won but lost!), basketball and the social interaction that is a part of country towns. I didn't want to report my mates, so to be fair, I didn't want to report anyone. This meant that I had to develop a sixth sense so that incidents could be prevented. Much of this was the backward look a split second after the ball had been propelled down the ground (See John Knott.)

This sixth sense was best illustrated by an incident in the 1987 V.F.A 2nd Division Grand Final between Brunswick and Oakleigh. Steve Parsons, a key participant in the infamous Windy Hill bloodbath while playing for Richmond, was trundling the ball out of Brunswick's last line of defence only metres from the left hand boundary line with my attention being on the line and the ball which inevitably cross the line. When I signalled to the field umpire I noticed a strange look on Steve's face. I immediately stepped between Steve and the Oakleigh player to whom he was bound and settled him down. That night the videotape revealed the reason for his silent agitation, a punch in the guts.

Generally the game sucks at the moment. The ruck wrestling between Dempsey and Moore decades ago is still far too evident and the player who desperately dives on the ball IN ORDER TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT is treated like a criminal while his opponents who jump on his back, tackle him around the neck, push the ball back under him and basically do everything in their power to break the spirit of the laws (to keep the ball in motion) are rewarded with a free kick for holding the ball. Unless umpires are instructed to remove the death penalty for diving on the ball and to ensure he is tackled properly, a rule needs to be introduced that a player in possession on the ground may only be tackled by a player who remains on his feet. This would probably remove 50 per cent of ball ups. Cox and Buddy Franklin throw their opponent out of aerial contests (surely you firstly HOLD something to throw it!

LES KANE. Former Hawthorn full forward coaching Castlemaine in 1965.
DEREK COWAN. Succeeded Killer Kane as coach and twice won the Bendigo League B&F, the Mitchelsen Medal.
KEVIN DELMENICO. The Delmenicos were prominent and were probably another Swiss Italian family that pioneered the Yandoit/Franklinford/Hepburn area. Kevin played for Footscray.
ROBBIE THOMPSON. Robbie was a star rover who went to Essendon. I think he played for High School in basketball.
PETER HALL. Peter was a tall player, like Kevin, who went to Carlton. Victoria's Minister for Education looks remarkably like the handsome young bloke I knew.
IAN SARTORI. Ian was a speedy skilful magpie, who like Kevin was probably a descendant of Swiss-Italians. (See Franklinford journal re Sartori.)
ROBBIE ROSS. I'm fairly sure Robbie was No 23 for Castlemaine. He was the receiver for High School's quick breaks that made opposition sides attack with only four players. (See Tarz Plowman.)
DAVID BROAD. David, like Robbie, was playing for Castlemaine as a 17 year old and was also in the High School basketball team. After a game one night, he took me into a meeting of the Develop Castlemaine Committee, and with such an interest in community affairs as a teenager, it was not surprising that he became a Shire Secretary.
KEVIN SHEARN. Kevin who was a mate from teachers'college could kick a country mile and played for Golden Square and I think was the coach. He had played for Northcote.
BRYAN CLEMENTS. Bryan was another teacher college mate, a ruckman who had played for Fitzroy. I think he was playing coach of Eaglehawk.
GEOFF BRYCE. Geoff worked for the S.E.C. and started basketball in Castlemaine. I hope their stadium is named after him. Geoff was not really tall and had some fingers missing but his rebounding and ball control was first class. He obtained the use of the Drill hall for our second season.
JIM BERRY. Jim, a policeman, and I were Geoff's lieutenants in getting the basketball association up and running,the three of us refereeing with a novice while they mainly observed until they had grasped the rules and gained confidence. Three of the teams were The Rebels, Fosters United and High School. The first season we played outdoors at St Mary's and then we moved into the Drill Hall. The High School team was mainly made up of young Castlemaine footballers such as Robbie Ross and his brother, Possum.Jim Berry was killed in a road accident not long after I left the 'Maine.
KEN HOWARTH. Ken, known as Lanky, was obviously tall and I believe played for Fosters United, in the basketball. Like Jim Berry, he was later killed in a road accident.
GEORGE SKINNER. George Skinner and John Bassett were the much feared opening bowlers for Muckleford. George went down to Melbourne to play District cricket if my memory is correct.
JOHN BASSETT. John and his wicket keeping brother, Graeme, made Muckleford a powerful side. Sadly, Graeme is very ill.
CHARLIE OLIVER (STEPHEN)The funny thing is that I never met Charlie. He was a cricket and footy legend. He played cricket for North Castlemaine which played in B Grade while Guildford and Maldon, for which I played, were in A Grade. In footy he was probably playing for Harcourt, Campbell's Creek or Newstead if he wasn't retired. During the summer, I couldn't wait to get my Castlemaine Mail and see if Charlie had made another century. Sadly Charlie lost an arm in an accident. His son Stephen, (presently C.E.O.of the Bendigo League?), was chased by Carlton and played a handful of games but preferred the country life and coached the maggies for some time. That reminds me of two other stars in the area, Ron Best and Doug Cail, century kicking full forwards, the latter playing for Northern United.
IAN O'HALLORAN Ian was a lovely fellow whom I think I met through basketball but it could have been footy. He was a former Geelong player.
TARZ PLOWMAN. Tarz (short for Tarzan)was Kyneton's full forward and was built like Sorrento's Scott Cameron only on a larger (not taller) scale. Not matter how high Robbie Ross jumped' he couldn't spoil Plowman's marks because Tarz was about a metre from back to front. Yet he could develop considerable speed on the lead and dish off a handball quickly to a team mate running towards goal.
RAY McCUMBER. I have a feeling that Keiran Keogh played for Maldon but the player that I remember best was Ray McCumber. His magnificently timed drop kicks usually travelled at least 60 metres and I never saw him fluff one.
REX BEACH. Rex Beach was the Shire Secretary at Maldon and was the captain and a very good batsman for Maldon during my season there.

JACK IRVING. Roughnut was a former V.F.A. umpire with a considerable playing background, who had much success as a V.F.L. umpire. When I returned to the Reserve Grade in 1868, he was the adviser.
BRYAN QUIRK. When I gained promotion to Kensington State School in 1968, I was Bryan's Grade 5 co-ordinator. He was a young man from Morwell making his mark on the wing for Carlton. Peter Dunleavey, the Art and Craft teacher, came to me on the last day of term 2, the day before my marriage, and said that Quirky wanted to see me. Reluctantly I left the two grades I was teaching (about 72 grade 5's) because Maureen Ginifer was ill. Quirky wasn't in his room.Returning, I was just about to pass the sick bay when its door opened and I was dragged inside by a host of bodyless arms which proved to belong to Dunleavey, Quirky and one or two others. They tied me on the bed which I regarded as being superior to being stripped. After they'd left I'd almost done a Houdini when they returned and retied me.Soon after a child from Maureen's grade came up and I asked if I was in the sick room. Peter's reply was a classic: "Yes but he's tied up at the moment." Bryan and I enjoyed recalling this incident much later when he was coaching Oakleigh in the V.F.A. Bryan had been the coach of the footy and cricket teams until his jaw was broken but was content to leave this task in my hands after he was able to resume teaching.
LAURIE DWYER. This speedy, skilful North Melbourne winger often conducted footy clinics at our school. Twinkletoes used his ballroom dancing experience to evade opponents in the heat of battle. What a true gentleman Laurie was!
ALBERT SCHOLL. Albert was the longtime secretary of the Churches Cricket Comp. and when I was 17, he arranged for me to play with North Essendon Meths. whose base was the Cross Keys Reserve. Our fast bowler was Vic Bubniw who was later a ten pin bowling champion. Vic was so fast that little me acting as fine leg/longstop often had to stop the ball which had only bounced once(on the pitch) inches from the flags.
BOB CHALMERS.Albert's death caused great sadness but Bob Chalmers was to fill the void. He was not only a longtime secretary of the comp. but wrote its history and that of the Aberfeldie school. His work in recording the history of the Essendon area is extraordinary. He also gave great service to Sport as secretary of the Essendon and District School Sports Association.
ALAN NASH, ROSS SMITH. When I was promoted to the V.F.L. list Alan was the adviser. I remember him telling the umpires not to pay free kicks for kicking in danger when somebody (St Kilda's Brownlow Medal winner, Ross Smith, was given as an example) dived for the ball when an opponent had commenced to kick it off the ground.
BILL DELLAR, ANDREW COATES. Some umpires get big-headed when they reach the top but these two certainly didn't. They were welcoming to the most insignificant list novice such as me.
BILLY RYAN'S TWIN BROTHERS. A mark that Bill Ryan took in the 1st semi in 1968 is on the wrbsite called A.F.L. Greatest Marks. It is far from the best mark that Billy ever took; it would rank about 50th in the marks I saw him take. He was spectacular five or six times a match! He had twin brothers that played in the Mallee. One match that I had in the area was a bit fishy: Rainbow v Bream. They might have played for one of those teams, or perhaps Chinkapook. Anyway, I had one bloke pegged as best on ground by quarter time. He'd take a stratospheric mark at centre half back and pass to the wing, a few tackles, a hand pass, a blind turn, another tackle, a handpass, a pressured high kick to the goal square, and, blow me down, that high flier at C.H.B.has plucked another mark from the clouds 15 yards out. This had gone on for twenty minutes and I thought I'd better have a look at his number, not an easy thing for a fieldie if he's in the right position. He took a mark near the centre and I pretended to run the wrong way. At half time, the team sheets arrived and I said to the bloke from Superman's club, "That number ** is sure taking some speckies!" The team manager replied,"He's Billy Ryan's brother. So is number**; they're twins!" That solved the mystery but now I had a problem. They had already taken about fifteen marks each so I had to work out who was to get the three votes. If you think I'm exaggerating about their marking numbers, consider that brother Bill took 22 marks against Hawthorn in 1968.
GRAEME LEYDIN. Graeme Leydin had been a year or two ahead of me at Uni High and had probably played in the same team as Bobby Clark (Footscray) and Ron Evans (Essendon.)He had been a former pupil at Flemington State School and was teaching there when Bryan Quirk's jaw was broken and I was propelled into the job of coach of the Kensington State School footy team. I taught the boys how to tense themselves when bumping, how to lead with the shoulder rather than the head when entering a pack and to always back up team mates in case of an overcooked pass or an errant bounce. We walked to the quaint ground next to the Flem and Ken bowling club, practising moving the ball from one end of the ground to the other against the stopwatch and playing practice matches against North Melbourne Colts. We played Graeme's team in the first game and beat the nineteen goals to one. In congratulating my boys after the game, Graeme said that he had been confident that his boys could win the premiership. As it turned our neither of our teams did so. Moonee Ponds West had about six boys a foot taller than any of ours and the ball never got low enough for the Kensington boys to reach it.
Graeme and I would meet at every meeting of the Ascot Vale School Sport Association, of which I became the secretary. When I started at Doutta Stars, Graeme was the coach.

JOHN SOMERVILLE.Our Club song was often sung after the senior side's games but rarely after my C Grade team's games. The tune was that of the Theme of The Mickey Mouse Club (D.O.U. T.T.A. S.T.A.R.S.) One memorable day the whole club celebrated as if a premiership had been won. That was probably the day that former Essendon star, John Somerville kicked about five goals from outside 50 yards to obtain victory for the C Grade side. As one would assume it was his only game for my side.
RAY FAIRBAIRN. Itchy was a veteran when I arrived at Douttas but was still a very good defender. His family had a bit to do with areas of interest for me, having been pioneers near Ballan (using Fairbairn Park as a holding paddock) and at Mt Martha.
MARCHESI BROTHERS.These two were tallish players who took fine overhead marks and probably sons of the North Melbourne player of a decade or so before.
ALAN GRACO. Alan Graco was a former Essendon player and his grandfather was probably the grantee of a closer settlement farm at East Keilor between the future Western Ring Rd and Norwood Drive houses (inclusive). The family had previously lived in Broadmeadows Township(Westmeadows) until 1919. Ten year old Norman Graco had accidentally shot David George Cargill, the son of the township's much loved butcher, Robert Cargill on 4-10-1919. The family was shunned by the townsfolk so they moved away. (The late Jack Hoctor, Google CARGILL, GRACO on trove.)
BOBBY PARSONS.Bobby was a ruckman and later acted as a trainer for the Stars before taking up umpiring with the E.D.F.L. with some success.
TAMBO, NARRER. Tambo was a very good player for the senior side and Narrer, a thin ruckman for the C Grade side. Someone on finding out that I played for Douttas asked me if I knew (whatever Narrer's real name was). I eventually found out that this person was actually Narrer but I've forgotten his real name now. It's very rare that anyone is actually called by his real name at a footy club!
PETER OWEN. Peter struggled to get a game in the under 17's (I was told) but I have never seen such a complete footballer outside the V.F.L. His disposal on his non-preferred foot under extreme pressure was something to marvel at. He was captain-coach of Tulla's last two or three of their fivepeat and then coached Strathmore to a premiership in 1980.
ROBBIE EVANS. It never occurred to me but it is possible that Robbie was related to Ron Evans. Ron and Ken Fraser had been recruited from Essendon Baptists-St John's and formed the attacking part of Essendon's spine for many years. Robbie was a high marking forward for Tulla but at Coburg he was a star full back for many years.
PATTY POTTER. Patty wasn't a footballer but he was part of the fabric of a great Club. Thanks to Patty, Tulla was one of the first local clubs to have every game videotaped for the coach's review and for fans to view in the clubrooms.
RAY CAMPBELL. Ray wins my label of most determined player ever. Some (I never heard them)said that he wasn't an A Grade player but I'd be a rich man if I'd got a quid every time I saw him beat three A Grade opponents all on his own.
TED JENNINGS. Ted Jennings was the President of Tulla during its fivepeat (1975-79)and set the tone of sportsmanship for every player and fan. He acted as goal umpire for the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 11 side years earlier when they broke the ice at the Lancefield Rd (Melrose Drive) Reserve at 8:30 or some such ungodly hour on Saturday mornings with me on the boundary, Betty Davies yelling and Marty Allinson coaching.
RUSSELL PARKER. Russell, who ran a place in the Stawell Gift and organised the Tullamarine Gift, was a dedicated secretary and trainer for the Demons for a great number of years.I hope he has been given a life membership. He was a good player, who with his brother, Robbie McDonald etc came from Ascot Vale Pressies.
LEO DINEEN. Leo's grandfather was the teacher at Tullamarine (Coders Lane; S.S.2613) in the 1930's and Leo was an early suburbanite on the Triangular Estate. He started Little Aths.(as part of the Youth Club with his wife Shirley) and was involved in the formation of almost every sporting body in Tulla. He started the SONIC a monthly community rag that let all the fledgling community organisations gain support. The Spring St Reserve, and probably the merger of Tulla-Ascot Pressies and E.B.S.J. to form the Tullamarine Football Club, were largely due to Councillor Leo Dineen.
In about 1990, two years into my research, I requested Keilor Council to rename the Spring St Reserve as Leo Dineen Reserve but they replied that they did not name things after people who were still alive. However his son had read in my histories that I hoped this would happen, and after Leo's death, he approached me to support his move to resubmit my request. Luckily my "The Suburb of Tullamarine", produced for the 1998 Back to Tullamarine had much material from Leo detailing how the Commomwealth had paid most of the cost of Broady, Sharps and Lancefield Rds and so on. I had researched Leo's negotiating skill that had solved Tullamarine's Battle of the Halls in old Progress Association minutes. With such evidence of Leo's great contribution to Tullamarine and Keilor Council, how could Hume Council refuse his son's request?
LINNY WESTCOMBE, BRENDAN SMITH. Linny and his brother (Rod?)played for Glenroy and Brendan Smith played for West Coburg. They both had short fuses and my sixth sense, developed at Castlemaine needed to be on full power when I did the boundary in their games. They were both great players.
CAN I HAVE MY FOOTY BACK UMPY? The mention of Glenroy has refreshed a funny game I did at the oval near the Oak Park Swimming Pool. Glenroy U.18's played their home games there because there were too many teams to fit on Sewell Reserve. This was before the freeway and there used to be a procession of trucks up Pascoe Vale Rd. The match ball very soon found its way onto Pakka Rd and went off with a wonderful bang. The spare ball met the same fate not too long after. The closest description of the atmosphere would have to be the current Mars Bar Advertisement when the mountaineer compares the brakeless train's woes in the frozen mountainous wastes with his experience on Mt Everest but says to a nearby youth: "But you have a Mars Bar son!" The difference in this situation was that the lad was a 10 year old with a full size football. He yielded to his "responsibility" but held his breath every time the ball went a few metres east of the goal to goal line!

(JOHN?) KNOTT, RICKY McLEAN.I think his name was John, but I'm not sure. He was one of the best field umpires I saw while boundary umpiring. He had great control and was onto behind the play stuff. Once we had Ascot Vale at the Walter St Reserve. Ascot Vale was a really historic club and had celebrated its centenary before it was booted out of the E.D.F.L. Their ground was used for umpire training, tribunal hearings and grand finals during my time.
After his V.F.L. career, Ricky McLean had gone to Ascot Vale , joining one or two brothers there. In this particular game Ricky McLean had used his strength and skill to gain possession and kick it, under pressure,60 metres down the ground where it was about to be a certain mark to an Ascot Vale forward, when the whistle blew. Ricky had a go at the opponent that had legitimately bumped him as he kicked and Knotty paid the free kick to the opponent. From then on, Ricky was an angel.
I had been told that Knotty had coached Yarraville to a premiership and when I entered Knott, Yarraville on trove, I discovered that the Knotts were a fairly old Yarraville family, a brother in law of Joseph Knott having drowned in 1919, a member of the family having transferred from Footscray to Yarraville in 1928 etc.
Postscript. Knotty's name was John, he replaced the leading goalkicker as Yarraville's spearhead in 1963 and became umpires' adviser of the Western Suburbs League for seasons 1981-2. (google.)

BARRY HARRISON RICHARD VANDERLOO ANDY CARRICK. Richard Vanderloo was the son of a Glenroy man awarded an O.B.E. (or O.A.M.?)for his services to the Glenroy community. I think Richard was a Pro runner and he had a beautiful running style. He and I did the boundary in the interstate game against(Norwood, S.A.)and A Grade grand final in 1981 but in the first game or so of the 1982 season, the adviser, Barry Harrison, told us both that we were far and away the best boundaries but he was starting a youth policy and we would not be getting the top job again. I was disappointed but he had a point because I was about 39. Barry was later a V.F.A. observer (See Ronny Chapman.) In 1982, to keep my morale up, I set myself a challenge, to run to suburbs alphabetically. Somehow or other, this scheme found its way into V.F.A.folklore and I blame Andy Carrick. I think I remember Andy coming over to the V.F.A. for a while. As well as running alphabetical suburbs (Kew for Q because Queenscliff was a bit far), I used to do hill climbs (10X Afton St etc)in preference to swallowing rubberised bitumen at Aberfeldie Park. One night I talked Andy into doing the Gaffney St hill ten times. We only did it once and he said he'd never do another road run with me unless I carried a cab fare.
JACK HARRIS. Jack was the E.D.F.L. Administrator. Barry Harrison decided to devote a meeting night in about May to goal setting. Umpires were challenged to achieve the highest possible goals. David Richmond, a colleague at Gladstone Park Primary was umpiring with the V.F.A.and I had intended to have a run with him at Royal Park. I went a few days after the motivational meeting but found they'd left the rooms. I caught them and as I made my way through the group looking for Dave, I was impressed with the atmosphere of comradeship that was so evident. Arriving back at the rooms, I met the Adviser, Jim Chapman, the equally little bugger I could never beat around Albert Park Lake.

MID 1883-1990.
TERRY WHEELER.DANNY DEL-RE. After a handful of games in the Panton Hills League, and some seconds games, glowing reports from observers such as Billy McWilliams saw me appointed to a Yarraville game in the last home and away round of 1983, not bad for a 40 year old recruit. I had to report a Yarraville player, the last V.F.A.umpire to do so as it was the club's last game. The next year I became a regular on the first division panel and as a Williamstown supporter in the glorious 1950's, looked forward to doing a Willy game. Despite my reluctance to report players, Danny Del-Re was a naughty youngster and I had to do my duty. Terry Wheeler defended Danny to no avail but I became a fan of his that night. His pre-game whispered instructions (audible through the thin umpires' room wall)were just so logical and measured, just like his defence of Danny at the tribunal. When Terry coached Footscray, I became a doggies fan. I think Terry had respect for my efforts as a boundary umpire as well because of comments I heard him make to his assistants.

PHIL CLEARY. He was a cheeky little mongrel. This incident would never happen today because umpires are required to stay detached from scuffles. But as you know by now, I wanted to prevent reports not make them. Terry Wheeler and Phil were wrestling on the ground and I crouched down, practically kneeling so they could see and hear me, and told them to cut it out. Cheerfully Phil, who was on top, agreed and carefully placing his hand on Terry's face, he stood up. I think Terry was laughing too hard to seek retribution.
KENNY MANSFIELD. I should have reported Kenny but I was laughing too hard. I don't know whether it was Phil's idea or just popped into Kenny's mind at that instant. Two tactics that I would never tolerate as a fieldie were very common in the V.F.A. and V.F.L. in the 1980's. The most serious one was the swinging tackle with a closed fist, such as the one that lit Steve Parson's fuse in the 1987 Grand Final. The other tactic was to stand over an opponent who had been awarded a mark or free and was on the ground. The opponent had to walk backwards, doubled over, to get out from between the legs of the man on the mark.
Kenny didn't back out and did not stay doubled over, he just stood up, with his neck and shoulders hoisting the "groinal area" (as the SEN1116 boys call it)of his opponent, and not really gently either. I really should have reported Kenny for misconduct but I'm glad I didn't because that was the last time I ever saw the Stand Over tactic used in any competition.
MARTY ALLISON CAREY HALL. Marty Allison coached the under 10 boys, who became under 12's with much success. The boys then moved up to the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 13's, with Geoff Chivell as coach. Three of the very good players at the time were Bryan Allison, Carey Hall and Ian Scown. Bryan had a long distinguished career with Coburg. Carey Hall became a champion cyclist and married Kathy Watt. Ian Scown had talent to burn and was able to evade opponents with clever weaving and sheer speed but thought he'd get away with it forever. In the school team nobody was allowed to bounce the ball unless a team mate had told him to; if this rule had applied elsewhere, Ian would have played in the V.F.L. Instead he gave the game away in the under 16's when opponents (now catching up in maturity) managed to chase him down.
RINO PRETTO AND BUTCH LITCHFIELD.The V.F.A. game that gave me the greatest enjoyment was a second division game between Oakleigh and Sunshine at Oakleigh. Rino kicked 10 goals for the Oaks and Butch kicked 10 for Sunshine. Sometimes numbers of goals kicked can seem better than what they really are. Such as when an unopposed player is running towards goal and the full back has the no-win situation of deciding whether to just let him kick the goal or to try to put him off and see a handpass lobbed to the full forward.
The game was a non-stop series of fierce man on man contests with hardly an uncontested possession any where. There were no players 30 metres away from an opponent as we see in many games today and the only way a player would be set free would be as the result of a great handpass or shepherd. The leading and footpassing was superb all over the ground but the passes to the full forwards were so clever. A lightning quick lead would be acknowledged with a grass cutter that required a dive forward,Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead whose making a spoil impossible. Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead, whose opponent had taken front position and would be held out of the drop zone by legitimate bodywork . Don't ask me who won. When football is played so beautifully and you are part of the game, what do scores matter.

JOHN SUMMERS, DOUG GOWER. As mentioned before there was tremendous friendship between everyone on the V.F.A. list. At training, people preferred to run with people who would help them gain maximum fitness and with whom they had a special bond. I made the finals panel in my first full season and was in it till my last season, 1990, when I received the token appointment of emergency boundary for the grand final. And when the sun and new- mown grass announced the start of the finals, I didn't need to find new training partners; the three amigos were all in the finals panel again. John and Doug ran many First Division grand finals. Johnny knew every player and every player knew him.
RICHARD LESLIE. Richard Leslie and Richard Vanderloo were the most stylish boundary umpires I ever saw. Both seemed to float across the ground. Richard Leslie had a fine A.F.L. career.
RON CHAPMAN. Ronny Chapman must have been one of the earliest triathletes (or perhaps he did biathlons, that is, running and cycling.) One day he turned up for training after a fall from his bike and looking at his lacerated skin nearly made me faint. I often did road runs with him when the hockey ground was too sloppy to run on but used to leave plenty of room between us or I would have finished up with cracked ribs as Ron's arm swing had his elbows always 30 centimetres from his body.
Ron's mother must have forgotten to wash his mouth out with soap when he was young, if you know what I mean. Ron and I were to run together one day and someone on the panel knew that Barry Harrison was observing. Barry had a passionate dislike, swearing, and some of the panel, who knew about this warned Chappie to watch his tongue. Did he? Not @$%^&*$% likely! Barry went red!
STEVE DONOHUE. Having umpired the 1985 and 1987 V.F.A.versus and 2nd Division grand finals, I decided that I had achieved all I could have visualised at Barry Harrison's motivation night and it was time for this 44 year old to retire. Part of the reason was that the V.F.L. was going to take over the V.F.A. and call it the Victorian State Football League.
I went back to the E.D.F.L. and did the first practice match at Strathmore. They hadn't even bothered to mark the lines properly and I was disgusted with the lack of the professionalism I had known in the V.F.A. So I pushed to the back of my mind the thought of the V.F.A. haters gloating over their revenge for Footscray's defeat of Essendon in the 1924 charity match and the defections of Ron Todd, Bob Pratt, Laurie Nash, Des Fothergill, Soapy Valence etc to the V.F.A.
Steve Donohue was the boundary umpire adviser for what was called the Development Squad, which was made up of promising youngsters from local leagues and some V.F.A. umpires who had remained. I think there was only one division now, and Steve told me that I'd have to start at the bottom and work my way up. It didn't take long until Steve was ringing Bill Dellar and telling him that there was a new boundary on the senior panel. When Steve answered Bill's query about how old he was, Bill spluttered, "Forty four, that's too old to be a goal umpire!"
BILL SUTTON. Bill was the boundary adviser for the V.F.L./A.F.L. Confusing isn't it? The V.F.A. became the V.F.L. and the V.F.L. became the A.F.L. How are footy historians going to explain what V.F.L.means when talking about the number of games played by a footballer in the last quarter of the 20th century. Was Barry Round a V.F.L, V.F.A. V.F.L. player? Bill was a top official in the professional running game.
At the end of the 1990 season, Steve Donohue, who obviously had respect for my dedication as a boundary umpire, since he made me the emergency in the Grand Final, asked me if I would help him as an observer. He had already used me as a mentor for youngsters such as Richard Leslie's brother, Sam.
Luckily there were several grounds near Tullamarine, such as Coburg, Preston and Brunswick, most of my observing being done at Coburg but Frankston and Preston were the best grounds for a good view. I would observe the last half of the reserves and the whole senior game. After a while Steve saw that I was capable of looking after the V.F.A. (that's what I still call it!) and he could help Bill with the senior boundaries.
ADAM McDONALD. There was one boundary that looked older than he probably was but the first time I saw him, I gave him my maximum rating of ten. And that happened every other time I saw him. A rating of 8.5 would probably get you onto the finals panel. I'd submit my finals panel at a meeting in early August and then we'd have another meeting early in our grand final week. "Are you sure?" asked Bill, Steve and Laurie Pope when I told them that I had nominated Adam McDonald for a grand final spot. I told them exactly why I was sure and Adam was in.
RABBIT FOOD.I quite like salad but after a long day,but you need something a bit more filling at 8p.m. The A.F.L. was so lousy that we struggled to get sandwiches or pies for our meetings, and don't forget that the travelling to observe was done at my own expense.We got a ticket to the grand final but there was no reserved seat so you had to get there at 9 a.m. and ask somebody to mind your seat while you went to the toilet.
I resigned after the 1992 season. I often wondered what had happened to that young fellow I had gone to bat for when others doubted his ability. The trouble was that I couldn't remember his name. Much later (2011) it popped into my head and I googled AFL, McDONALD. Well done, Adam!


2 comment(s), latest 3 years ago


A limited printing of this history was done for purchase at the Back To Tullamarine in 1998 with all proceeds going to the Gladstone Park Primary School. The pioneers at the 1989 reunion had expressed disappointment that they could not buy a copy of the handwritten Where Big Birds Soar, which I will later reproduce as a journal.

This journal has been prompted by Elaine Brogan (see comment under the Patullo journal) who told me yesterday that the book must be made available. No pictures or maps will be available here but you will know what they are about. I am killing two birds with the one stone here because the text will later be able to be pasted into a file in which I will be able to place the maps etc. For some reason, the original file disappeared. When I have produced this file, I will supply it to the Broadmeadows Historical Society.
Unfortunately photos from Olive Nash, the Crottys etc were photocopied and are not of great quality. The photo of Alec Rasmussen's picnic at Cumberland would have been a beauty. However, I may be able to ask Neil Mansfield, who is currently transforming the maps in my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" to professional quality, to improve these too.
I will be writing this journal one page (of the book) per day, (or the equivalent amount of text) because I cannot neglect the other journals that I am currently working on. The original text will be slightly changed because I am writing for family historians rather than oldtime Tullamarine residents and more detail will be given of pioneers in the area near Tullamarine. As I no longer have my extensive notes from rate records, Victoria and Its Metropolis, local histories, directories etc but much of the information is remembered, a name or part of it might appear in brackets with a question mark to indicate that I am relying on memory. The text may also change because it is much faster for me to write off the top of my head than slavishly transcribe the previous text verbatim. The original book is available for perusal from the Essendon Historical Society.

Although this is primarily a history of Tullamarine, many residents of Greenvale, Bulla and Broadmeadows are mentioned as well.


My name 1998.




LEFT SIDE.Mansfield's Triangle 89 ac.; Bayview (Nash, Campbell, Denham, 139 ac.); The Elms (Parr, 104 ac.); (S?)inleigh (Anderson 41 ac.); Love's dairy farm (257 ac.); Scone (Mansfield, Alf Wright, Alan Payne, Airport terminal area, 83 ac.), Gowrie Park (Thompson and Duncan, Ritchie, Donovan, Bill Ellis by 1960, majority of airport, 560 ac.); Glenara (Clark 1030 ac.)

RIGHT SIDE. (Starting at Wirraway Rd, Melway 16 C7.) St Johns (Stevenson of "Niddrie", Cam Taylor, 300 ac.); South Wait (John Hall, Jack Howse, whose family operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel across Bulla Rd, and bounded by Dromana Ave,Louis St and Rodd Rd, which burnt down in 1899; 1928 railway bridge; Camp Hill/Gowanbrae (Kennie, Lonie, Williamson, Gilligan, Morgan, Scott, Small, Cowan, 366 ac.); Junction Hotel/Cec. and Lily Green's "Green's Corner" store and petrol pump; Broombank (O'Nial/Beaman, Cock, Williams, Morton, Ray Loft, 34 acres); Peachey's dairy (Boyse Crt area-J.F.Blanche, Alf and William Wright, Peachey, 6.5 acres); Holland's 6 acres and Handlen's house on 1 acre (The Melrose Drive Recreation Reserve); Morgan's 2 acres; Sunnyside (Wright, Atkins, Heaps, 43 ac.); Fairview (Nash, 100 ac.); Love's 77 ac. wedge; Smithy (Munsie, Fred Wright); Glendewar (William Dewar, Alf Wright, Johnson, W.Smith, 407 ac.); Danby Farm (Hill, 20 acres.)

BROADMEADOWS RD (from Sharps Rd to Forman St, the part north of the junction now called Mickleham Rd.)
WEST. Dalkeith (half of Kilburn's 400 acre Fairfield, later Harrick's; 200 ac. George Mansfield who built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910, Dawes, Ernie Baker,Loft,Dawson, Percy Hurren who was postmaster and storekeeper at Jones' Corner, Moorooduc in 1950 and attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951); Junction Hotel and the Junction Estate i.e Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Crts; Strathconnan (Wright, Kaye, 142 ac.); Lockhart's "Springburn",198 ac.; Judd's "Chandos Park" 123 ac. including Westmeadows footy ground (Percy Judd, Bamford.)

EAST. Mansfield's Triangle, Viewpoint (E.E.Dunn, later Wright's northern 159 acres and John Mansfield's Grandview of 169 acres south to Camp Hill Park.); Stewarton/ Gladstone (Neil Black, Peter McCracken 1846-1851, Maconochie, Kerr, John Cock 1892-2012, Helen Melville, A.E.Hoadley, L.Roxburgh-after whom Roxburgh Park, Cameron's "Stony Fields" was probably named, Jim Barrow, F.N.Levin, 777 ac.)

SOUTH. Hillside/Carinya Park (James Sharp, Reddan circa 1928/Joe Thomas, 294 acres); Broomfield (Crotty 243 acres.)
NORTH.Mansfield's Triangle (to Broadmeadows Rd); Fairfield (Kilburn, Harrick;400 acres), divided into, from about 1910, Dalkeith 200 acres and Brightview/Ristaro (Reddan/Doyle, 200 acres.)

LEFT. Nash, Tom and then Arthur 188 and 165 acres (the 165 acres probably being Chesterfield, leased by the McCormacks whose daughter married Maurice Crotty); Glenview/ Dunnawalla (Alf Cock/John Fenton 254 acres including lot 10 A.C.S., ); O'Donnell's, later Frewen's lot 11 Arundel Closer Settlement, 32 acres; Arundel (Section 1, parish of Tullamarine, north to Oakbank and Barbiston- 1841 Bunbury,1843 Cameron,1853 Edward Wilson, 1868 Robert McDougall, 1889 Rob. Taylor 1904 The Crown resumes all of section 1 and part of section 2,Annandale.) Arundel Farm (the homestead built by McDougall on 179 acres with closer settlement lots 3 and 4 of 113 acres across Arundel Rd -1910 J.B.McArthur, 1925 Arthur Wilson, 1935 Frank Smith, 1949 W.S.Robinson, 1962 W.W.Cockram.)

RIGHT. Annandale (Bill Parr, 165 acres); Geraghty's Paddock (Mrs Fox and John Fox who had their own name for the farm which I can't recall, 121 acres), lots 7 and 8 (no long-term occupants, 200 acres)lot 6 81 acres; Elm Grove, lot 5 of 71 acres, Wallace; lots 3 and 4 (part of Arundel Farm.)

WEST SIDE starting at south end. "Turner's", named after William Turner who was occupying it in 1861, was purchased from James Robertson (Upper Keilor) in 1903 by the McNabs. Originally part of Arundel sold by Edward Wilson; Arundel Closer Settlement lots 1 and 2, 128 acres, Fox; Seafield River Frontage 96 acres; Barbiston (to the west south of Barbiston Rd, 165 acres, Fox); The second Victoria Bank (Mrs Ritchie, Angus Grant, C.P.Blom, Griffin, Al.Birch, Shaw who called it Rosebank, 95 acres); Aucholzie (Ritchie, Murphy, W.Cusack, Gilbertson, 284 +110 acres in Keilor and Bulla Shires; Glenalice and Roseleigh (Mansfield etc.633 acres.) The corner of Mansfields and McNabs Rd was known as Farnes' Corner and it is likely that Charles Farnes owned part of Fawker's subdivision between Roseleigh and Gowrie Park. The hill towards Deep Creek was known as Gray's hill because of Donald and Agnes Gray, the only purchasers in Fawkner's co-operative apart from the Mansfields to stay there for a long time.

EAST SIDE. Oakbank (320 acres including the first Victoria Bank of 160 acres adjoining Seafield, McNab); Seafield (320 acres, plus the river frontage, John Grant, Bernard and Joe Wright, England and Jim Kennedy, Reddan.)

NORTH. Gowrie Park, Scone. SOUTH. Seafield including Seafield School 546 where Incinerator Rd (if extended about 200 metres) would meet the runway. Ecclesfield (Spiers, Vaughan, Alfred Henry William Ellis, 101 acres); 37 acres on the south east corner (John Wright by 1913, William Wright by 1930 and on which Emily Aileen Ellis had just replaced Victor Williamson in 1943.

NOTE. Most of the remaining portion of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive. Ellis's corner was in Melway 5 D6. Gowrie Park was sometimes a single property and sometimes two properties, the smaller northern part, Gowrie Side, being purchased circa 1960 from the Donovans.(Full title information in my "Early Landowners:Parish of Tullamarine" can be supplied if requested.)

The Browns Rd area near the Arundel bridge was part of Section 1 (Arundel). This must have been sold quite early, becoming the Guthries' "Glengyle" and the abode of Thomas Bertram after whom Bertam's Ford was named. I have produced a journal about the Bertrams and there is much detail about the Guthries in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.

BULLA RD. Now Wirraway Rd within Essendon Aerodrome and Melrose Drive from the railway bridge in honour of Jim Melrose, a pioneer aviator. Part of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive.
WRIGHT ST. South of the freeway, Wright St has been renamed Springbank St to prevent confusion for emergency services etc.
VICTORIA ST. (COMMONLY CALLED NASH'S LANE.)Renamed Greenhill St but now closed.
GRANTS RD. As above.
BROADMEADOWS RD. North of Green's Corner (the 711 garage of 2012), it is now called Mickleham Rd. It of course led to Broadmeadows Township and only went as far as Fawkner St. Journeys to the north would resume at Ardlie St. Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, was never made (refer to Harry Heap's story) but has been used to avoid massive traffic jams for Greenvale and Roxburgh Park residents, allowing them to travel at a reasonable speed through the Orrs'old Kia Ora to the top of the Ardlie St hill.

"Running with the Ball" by A.Mancini and G.M.Higgins reveals the first of two connections between the 880 acre "Cumberland" and Australian Rules Football. Thomas Wills bought section 7 Will Will Rook at the first land sales held in Sydney in 1838. Soon after, Thomas and Horatio Wills joined other "overlanders" such as Hepburn and Gardiner. Thomas may have sold Cumberland to Coghill soon after or actually lived there for a while. He eventually settled at "Lucerne Farm", the site of the Latrobe Golf Club (Melway 31 C12.)

Thomas Wills was the uncle of Tom Wills who created Aussie Rules in 1858 after experiencing another formative football code at Dr Arnold's Rugby School in England.(No doubt he had seen aborigines playing Marngrook too!) Thomas was also the stepbrother of the mother of Colden Harrison who codified the rules of the game in 1866, and became known as the father of football. The V.F.L. headquarters in Spring St was known as Harrison House.

Alexander McCracken was the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club as a 17 year old Scotch College student, the team playing on the Filson St, Harding St area of his father, Robert's, "Ailsa". Alex was the foundation President of the Victorian Football League from 1897 until resigning shortly before his death in 1915. He lived at North Park, now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St, Essendon but also had Cumberland as his country retreat where Alec Rasmussen conducted his picnics in 1909, 1910 and 1911 and the footy man could indulge his other great sporting love with the Oaklands Hunt.(See "The Oakland Hunt" by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)

The history of the Tullamarine goes back tens of thousands of years. Evidence of this has been found at a quarry on the Arundel Closer Settlement (Melway 14 K2) by James White in 1940 (the Keilor Skull)and later at Green Gully (the wetlands at Melway 14 G8)as archeological websites reveal. There is much confusing information about the aborigines. For example Doutta Galla was said to be an aborigine tribe and was said to mean many trees or no trees. The Woiworung were a language group which used the word Kulin to describe themselves.They consisted of the Wurundjeri, between the Maribyrnong and the Yarra with a famous axe quarry at Mt William near Lancefield, the Bunwurrung whose territory skirted Westernport and Port Phillip Bay(Nerm) as far west as the Werribee River, another tribe west of the Maribyrnong (two of whose phrases "I can hear a ringtail possum" and "a clump of she-oaks"gave the names of parishes west and south of the Saltwater River, Maribyrnong and Cut Cut Paw, the latter including Raleigh's Punt (Maribyrnong), Footscray and Braybrook Junction(Sunshine.)SEE MARIBYRNONG: ACTION IN TRANQUILITY.

One word which illustrates the spread of the Kulin (who hate being called Koories as this term comes from another languge group) is wonga. This meant bronze-winged pigeons and was used by the aborigines (who named features of places rather than the places themselves) to indicate a food source at specific times of the year. Arthurs Seat was called Wonga by the Bunwurrung, the reason for the name explained so well by Colin McLear in "A Dreamtime of Dromana." Surveyor Wedge heard his dusky friend say Yarra Yarra as they stood near the falls at the foot of Queen St and assumed that it was the name of the river. The aborigine was describing a feature, water rushing or tumbling, exceedingly so, as indicated by the repetition. Can you think of a place that might have had tumbling water and pigeons? What about Yarrawonga? It's a long way from Wonga Park and Arthurs Seat isn't it?

The aborigines were not as nomadic as most people assume. They travelled mainly in family groups and covered small areas which could provide for their needs in different seasons. The eel race which gave the name to a Seaford road and Eeling Creek at Rosebud give a clue to what the aborigines were doing at Solomon's Ford (at the end of Canning St in Avondale Hts) and at the two sites mentioned where creeks discharged into the Saltwater River.

Tullamarine, also called Bunja Logan, was a naughty lad. If my memory is correct, he stole potatoes from George Langhorne's aboriginal mission on Melbourne's Botanical gardens site but later, much more seriously, he led an attack on John Aitken's "Mount Aitken, west of Sunbury. He and Gin Gin escaped from the first lock-up by setting fire to the thatched roof.

Two words of interest in the Sunbury area are Goonawarra (black swan) and Buttlejork (a flock of turkeys, probably meaning emus, used as the name for the parish (across Jacksons Creek from Goonawarra) where the majority of Sunbury Township was located. As compensation for using fence posts intended for Robert Hoddle, George Langhorne, was supposed to have supplied the surveyor with 100 aboriginal words, among which were local parish names such as Jija Jika, Doutta Galla, Cut Cut Paw, Will Will Rook (frog sound?), Tullamarine, Yuroke, Bulla and Buttlejork. The odd one out in regard to local parish names is Holden, west of Jacksons Creek and including Glencoe, the site of the Sunbury Pops Festival, and Diggers Rest.

1824. The first white men to pass through the area were those in the Hume and Hovell party. Cairns indicating their route were erected near Woodlands Historic Park (Melway 177 J7) and St Albans (13 J8.)

1835. John Batman arrived first and on behalf of the Port Phillip Association, bought much land to the north and west of the bay. Having followed the Saltwater(Maribyrnong) River to Gumm's Corner(named after his servant "Old Jemmy" Gumm, who later caused problems by working for Fawkner), he headed east to conclude his one-sided treaty with the aborigines.Batman then returned to Van Dieman's Land to finalise arrangements, leaving Jemmy and others at Indented Head, Near Portarlington to warn off intruders. They were saved from a murderous attack by Aborigines due to a barely intelligible warning from William Buckley, a convict at Sorrento in 1803 with J.P.Fawkner's father, who had escaped and had probably not spoken English for 32 years.
Batman's "Place for a village" at the top of Batman Ave is highly misleading because his preferred site was more likely Fisherman's Bend.
In his hotel in Launceston, John Pascoe Fawkner had heard Batman's boast of being the greatest landowner in the world and had immediately endeavoured to hire a ship. He had many problems, as described by C.P.Billot in "The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" and when all of these had seemingly been solved, the captain put him ashore just before departure because of financial matters that little Johnny needed to put in order. Fawkner invented seasickness to cover up this embarrassment. He instructed Captain Lancey to explore Westernport, but finding this and the Mornington Peninsula's west coast unsuitable, the party finished up at the waterfall at the base of Queen St and the natural saltwater basin just west of it. The falls, which ensured that the fresh water upstream was not contaminated by salt, were later blasted away and used for dockworks.

1836. Batman and Fawkner had reached some sort of compromise with the latter concentrating his agricultural efforts south of the Yarra but Governor Bourke had acted quickly to stop these overstraiters claiming land that rightly belonged to the Crown. (The aborigines of course had no rights but the unified and fierce Maoris in New Zealand won a treaty!) Bourke was of much the same mind as Batman regarding the place for a capital. A sandbar made it difficult to reach the basin and waterfall referred to previously so he named the most likely site William's Town after the King. Batmanville or Bearbrass or "the settlement" was named only in honour of the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne (whose name is correctly pronounced by Americans, with the emphasis on the second syllable!)

Soon land had been surveyed and sold in both towns and instructions were issued to survey from Batman's Hill (Spencer St Station site) along the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds, dividing the land into parishes of about 25 square miles. West of the creek was the parish of Doutta Galla and east was Jika Jika. North of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine was the parish of Tullamarine and north of Rhodes Pde-Boundary Rd was the parish of Will Will Rook. The parish of Tullamarine was mainly divided into 640 acre (square mile) sections except near creeks and was the last of these parishes to be sold.

1837. Land in the parish of Will Will Rook was sold and speculators, Hughes and Hosking bought much of it. When land values plummeted in about 1843 because of an over-supply of mutton, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought their land at bargain prices. Donald's widow sold her land between Rhodes Pde and Camp Rd in 1874 but the Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows township remained in the family's hands until 1929. Duncan sold his Glenroy West/Jacana land to James Chapman during the land boom of the late 1880's. The name "Glenroy" was bestowed by Camerons and it is possible that there was a family connection with the Kennedys. The author of "The Oakland Hunt" is D.F.Cameron-Kennedy! A whole ship load of Camerons came out in early times and it is not known whether there was a close connection between the Camerons of Glenroy, Ruthven and Stoney Fields (Roxburgh Park.)

The Campbells bought much land between Sydney Rd and the Merri Creek and one of Tullamarine's pioneers, John Grant, was to make his start at Campbellfield. Later grantees in this parish included Camerons of Ruthven, the Gibbs of Meadowbank and Robertsons of Gowrie Park (related through the Coupar sisters), and John Pascoe Fawkner of Box Forest (Hadfield.)Much land in the parish was later leased by John Kerr and Baker, both dairymen on a large scale.

1839. John Grant starts leasing land at Campbellfield. A decade later, he and his in-laws, the McNabs were to select land in Tullamarine.

Land in the parish of Jika Jika was sold.John Pascoe Fawkner was to make a purchase on his own account. His grants at Hadfield, Airport West and especially in the parish of Tullamarine in about 1850 were obtained on behalf of his beloved yoeman farmers, for whom he organised co-operatives. His Jika Jika grant was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Nothumberland Rd and Gaffney St. A later opponent of squatters, he was himself a squatter on a run near Mt Macedon which gave Monegeeta its name and was spared financial ruin during the 1840's depression only because his grant, Belle Vue Park, was in his wife's name.
Fawkner built a timber house which may have been extended as a double storey house by J.English in 1879. This stands at the top of Oak Park Court, as do the stables, now a residence, which were definitely built by Fawkner. Also near the house is an ancient oak tree, one of many planted by Fawkner, which led a later owner, Hutchinson of the Glenroy Flour Mill, to rename the estate Oak Park.

Fawkner did have to sell the part of Bell Vue Park east of Pascoe Vale Rd; the part south of Devon Rd was sold to H.G.Ashurst, after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named, and became John Kenan's Merai farm. He leased three farms fronting Rhodes Pde to tenants such as a Mr Hownslow who may have been related to Alf Hounslow, a Tullamarine pioneer.I believe that another tenant was Joseph Bowring; the Bowrings and J.Bowring Journeaux, pioneers near Red Hill might have been related to him.
His neighbour on section 23 Doutta Galla, across the Moonee Ponds Creek from the present John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve, was Major St John, a corrupt Lands Commissioner and magistrate. In his paper, the 5 foot 2 inches Fawkner let St John have it with both barrels and was sued for libel. Fawkner was found guilty and fined a laughably small amount; St John fled in shame.

1840.William Foster and his younger brother John (known as "Alphabetical" Foster because of his many given names) gained a 10 year lease of Leslie Park. Both of them had Leslie as a given name. The land on which their run was situated was soon surveyed and the lease was probably cancelled in 1842. It was probably in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine. William was granted section 21 Doutta Galla and section 3 Tullamarine which fronted Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John was granted section 20, Doutta Galla which was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the Maribyrnong River, extending south to the line of Spence St; this was called Leslie Banks and was later leased to William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend at Keilor and owned by the Delaheys for many decades. The land straddling Sharps Rd became John's after William returned home and gained the name of Springs. This caused confusion because residents on Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were both described as living at Springs! Most farms along Steeles Creek (fed by the springs and Spring Creek)such as Springfield, Spring Park, Spring Bank and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie)had names reflecting this regular water supply. To prevent the confusion mentioned earlier, Keilor Rd pioneers, such as James Laverty, were later described as living at Springfield.

John Murphy rented land on Glencairn (Melway 177 F12), later granted to Coghill, which became part of Walter Clark's Glenara. He later moved to Diggers Rest but Pat Murphy who was on Aucholzie (Melway 4 D5, homestead) by 1913 may have been related.

1841. Michael Loeman, who established Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island in 1850 (hence Loemans Rd which bisects the "Island") starts working for Dr Farquhar McCrae on "Moreland", bisected by Moreland Rd and named after a plantation in the West Indies owned by the doctor's uncle. (McCrae had bought La Rose and started building the bluestone homestead at the Le Cateaux corner in Pascoe Vale South, which was mainly constructed by Coiler Robertson. Loeman rented Moreland for 14 years and was granted land near Kiaora St in Essendon. The Moreland Rd bridge was called the Loeman Bridge and Loeman St in Strathmore was so named by his good mate, John Kernan.
Michael was involved in the Bulla Road Board/Shire from the beginning in 1862 and for very many years.

Alexander Gibb starts leasing land at Campbellfield which became Meadowbank and Gowrie Park, the latter granted to James Robertson. Alexander built the homesteads of both farms, the first remaining in original condition in Glenlitta Ave. James Gibb and James Robertson both married Coupar girls if my memory of Deidre Farfor's information is correct. Alexander's son, Alexander Coupar Gibb, who like his father was a shire councillor, moved to Berwick and became a member of parliament. Gibb Reserve in Blair St, Broadmeadows is named after this pioneering family.
N.B. The Robertsons of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield should not be confused with the Robertsons of Upper Keilor/ Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie or the Robertsons of La Rose/ Trinifour (Park St, Essendon near the railway line.)
Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm (of the same name) on section 14 Tullamarine, which is now covered by the majority of Melbourne Airport.

1842. Tullamarine parish is alienated (sold by the Crown.)Although several sections were sold immediately, much of the parish was not granted until about 1850. It is likely that the rest of the land was withheld from sale until potential buyers recovered from the depression. Whole parishes were not released for sale at once; advertisements for crown land sales found on trove demonstrate this. Section 1 became known as Arundel but seems to have been called the Glengyle Estate when the Guthries were on it before the Bertrams. Section 5 was called Stewarton; the grantee is shown on parish maps as George Russell but he bought it on behalf of fellow squatter, Niel Black, who probably wanted the 785 acres to hold his stock which was brought from near Colac by drovers.By 1846, Peter McCracken had started a nine year lease of Stewarton but sadly one of his sons did not make the move to the Kensington dairy and the Ardmillan Mansion. He drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek after accompanying his older siblings who would have crossed near Pascoe St (Westmeadows) to go to school in St Paul's church in Broadmeadows Township. John Carre Riddell was granted sections 6 and 15, the part fronting the present Mickleham Rd north of Londrew Crt becoming Chandos (later Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos (on which Bamford built his timber house.) Riddell later did a land swap with J.P.Fawkner so that all of his land was on the north east of the present Melrose Drive with Hamilton Terrace,divided into acre blocks, between the 1847 road, known as Mt Macedon Road, and Derby St, and the rest of the Camieston Estate becoming farms such as Fairview (Charles Nash) and Sunnyside (Wallis Wright.)

1843. John Martin Ardlie bought part of the future Viewpoint and Eyre Evans Kenny part of Camp Hill from the Crown. Streets in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) are named after them, Neil Black who had bought Stewarton
and a Mr Raleigh who may have been Joseph Raleigh, pioneer at Maribyrnong (originally called Raleigh's Punt). The first school in Broadmeadows Township was on Raleigh's land until St Paul's was built in 1850.

Major St John bought 23 Doutta Galla, that part of Essendon Aerodrome north of English St and Strathmore Heights/North which tapered as the creek headed south east to just include Lebanon Park at its eastern end.This land later had succession of owners with Flemington butchers, the Mawbeys, being most prominent.
Then it was split into two parts with Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" owning the 300 acres nearest to Bulla Rd and Robert McDougall of "Arundel" owning the 200 acres to the east. Niddrie was bounded by Treadwell Rd and roughly Olive Grove in Airport West, extending northwards to about Fraser St but the name came to describe the suburb south of Keilor Rd.Arundel was across Bertram's Crossing,north of Keilor, so Harry Peck's statement that McDougall and Stevenson were neighbours would not make sense without the knowledge of their land near Strathmore.
Harry said that the two shorthorn breeders were bitter enemies because McDougall favoured the Booth strain and Stevenson the Baines strain. Only a life-threatening emergency would make them speak to each other!
Cam Taylor later had St Johns (300 acres) and the late Gordon Connor told me that it was always green in the middle of summer because of Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. Gordon lived in Moonee Ponds but would help out with the harvest at Grandma Nash's "Fairview". When the first (northern) part of Essendon Aerodrome was opened in 1922, it was called St John's Field.

In the depression which reached its peak in 1843, Coghill at Glencairn and Raleigh at Maribyrnong established boiling-down works that helped some squatters avoid complete ruin. Tallow, the end product, was sent to England and returned as candles etc. George Coghill was probably also in occupation of Cumberland. It has been said that the expense of building the beautiful Cumberland homestead (ruins at Melway 178 C12) ruined him. (There is at least one photo of the house in D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oaklands Hunt" and I.W.Symonds has his sketch of it in his "Bulla Bulla".)

W.P.Greene settles on "Woodlands". Two Bulla street names honour his family, Rawdon being his son and Greene St (misspelt as Green St by some dill), was the diagonal western end of Somerton Rd which led to the southern boundary of "Lochton". The groom brought out from Ireland to care for the family's prized thoroughbreds was Thomas Brannigan who later established St John Hill across Konagaderra Rd from Harpsdale. It was at Brannigan's that Tullamarine pioneer, Maurice Crotty, first worked when he arrived in Australia.One of the Brannigans had a huge reputation as a rider.

1844. William Dewar establishes "Glendewar (Melway 5 D5) on land granted to his former employer, John Carre Ridell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne and lives there for 41 years. John Lavars, later to establish his Greenvale Hotel at the south west corner of Somerton and Mickleham Rds, starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville.

1846. Peter McCracken starts a nine year lease on Stewarton (the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens). During this time his younger son drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek (near Pascoe St) after accompanying his older siblings as they walked to school (at the newly built St Paul's Church) in Broadmeadows Township. In 1855 he moved to his dairy at Kensington (Melway 42 J4) while his "Ardmillan" mansion was built at 33 Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. Due to debts incurred through the faied private railway to Essendon, Peter was forced to sell Ardmillan in 1871 and moved to Powlett St, East Melbourne.

The Dodds and Delaheys settle at Oakley Park (the part of Brimbank Park south of the E-W transmission lines.) The Delaheys later owned "Leslie Banks", section 20, Tullamarine, between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the river, north of Spence St.

At about this time, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought thousands of acres of land granted to speculators Hughes and Hosking north of Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and stretching as far north as Swain St/Dench's Lane near Gellibrand Hill. From 1857, the Glenroy West/Jacana area was Duncan's share. Donald lived at Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill and his widow sold Glenroy in 1874.

Robert McDougall starts leasing on Glenroy. After 14 years, he spent 10 years on Aitken's Estate (Mel.27 G4) before settling at Arundel in Tullamarine. He also owned the eastern 200 acres of St John's whose grazing value would have been seen as he travelled between Melbourne and Glenroy much earlier. It was here that he and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (who owned the western 300 acres of St John's) were non-speaking neighbours, as Harry Peck described in "Memoirs of a Stockman".

William and Catherine Fanning purchase 144 acres at the south corner of Loemans Rd and the Diggers Rest Rd on Tullamarine Island. Edward Fanning, still in occupation, supplied me with much information about this area of Bulla in the 1990's. (See Kathleen Fanning's excellent website about the Fanning family and Martin Dillon, which has an excellent map of the shire of Bulla Bulla.)

1849.Edmund Dunn establishes "Viewpoint" ((6 B12.) A trustee of the Wesleyan church, he had no pangs of conscience about exiting his property towards Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid the toll gate at Tullamarine Junction (site of the Junction Hotel/Cec and Lily Green's store/Mobil garage and from about 2011, the 711 service station.)

David O'Nyall is running the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Springs. This name, Springs, was confusing because it described the location of James Laverty in Keilor Rd as well, the two locations being at the north and south respectively of William and John Foster's property, "Springs". David O'Nyall's hotel was a stab kick south of the Melrose Drive/Derby St corner and became part of "Broombank". (See itellya's O'Nyall-Beaman journal on Family tree circles.) It adjoined 6 1/2 acres south of Derby St that was part of J.C.Riddell's Camieston Estate and was owned by J.F.Blanche,became Stephen Peachey's dairy and was subdivided by Snowy Boyse, after whom Boyse Crt was named.

1850. Townships are declared at Bulla, Broadmeadows and Keilor. These later became the headquarters of three shires and still boast old shire halls, Keilor's having originally been a court house.

The remainder of the land in the parish of Tullamarine is alienated (sold by the Crown) to Kay, Chapman and Kaye; Loeman; and Fawkner (on Tullamarine Island); Grant and McNab brothers (section 8), Thompson and Duncan (section 14), and George Annand (section 2); Phillip Oakden (9A, the southern part of "Aucholzie) and A.Banthorne (9B,Barbiston and the Seafield River Frontage).

Section 8 was split into three, the northern 320 acres becoming John Grant's "Seafield". John had spent 11 years leasing at Campbellfield and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to Barber and Lowe's mill at the pipeworks market site (7 J10.) John also bought part of Oakden's grant at the south corner of McNabs and Barbiston Rds as a river frontage. He donated land for the Seafield National School (1859-1884) where the line of Incinerator Rd would meet the runway at Melway 4 J6.

Duncan McNab bought the middle farm of 160 acres, which he called Victoria Bank and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale. His sons, John and Angus,returned in 1880,Angus establishing a second Victoria Bank on 95 acres, formerly owned by widow Ritchie, between the north side of Barbiston Rd and Aucholzie.

John McNab called the southern 160 acres Oakbank. The Oakbank estate of later days included the first Victoria Bank, Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12) and a part of the Upper Keilor Estate indicated by Oakbank Rd (4 B11.) John's sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Assessments named them McNab brothers because there was such duplication of given names in Duncan's family. (This Scottish tradition led to the Cairns family of Boneo needing to use nicknames for almost every descendant such as Hill Harry and Carrier Harry!) Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup and Oakbank at Yendon near the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The McNabs also had land (Green Gully/Dunhelen at the boundary of Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future "Cairnbrae" (above Melway 177 D1.)Due to the given name confusion referred to above, I do not know whether they were from the family of the original Duncan or John.

John, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly "in-laws". Oakbank John's son Angus Duncan McNab married Elizabeth Meikle, whom he'd met while mining in Queensland, and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who, with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith,farmed Oakbank until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960.

Harry Peck said in "Memoirs of a Stockman" that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayshires in Australia. (The Tasmanian herd was based on Oakbank's progeny according to a stock pedigree website! See itellya's McNAB journal on family tree circles.) The McNabs are said to have imported the first Ayrshire cow (Oakbank Annie)into the country but the Grants also claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the locality was renamed) at Melway 178 H6.

The McNabs and John Grant probably occupied at least one seat on Keilor Road Board/Shire from 1863 until 1973 with William McNab serving as President five times.

W.Hall (possibly the father or brother of John Hall who established South Wait) received the grant to the land on which Caterpillar was built, extending south to the line of Dromana Ave. He also had land on Keilor Rd and for a short period had the Tuerong run (on the Mornington Peninsula) at about this time.

The Mansfields buy land(straddling Panton Drive) in the southern half of John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of section 13, Tullamarine. The Grays bought their land extending into the horseshoe bend in Melway 4 A2 at this time and were the only other original buyers to become established there. The hill rising from Deep Creek was known as Gray's Hill. Malcolm Ritchie, who had land on Tullamarine Island as well as Aucholzie, would have travelled this hill often so it is no surprise that he married Jane Gray in 1856. William Trotman, who became a pioneer at Greenvale bought lots 1-4 (Melway 4 G3) fronting the south side of the main east-west runway in 1853.

Eventually the Mansfields owned most of the blocks on both sides of Mansfields Rd. Roseleigh, whose homestead remains on the south side (driveway in 4 D3)included land on the north side. North of Roseleigh was Glenalice whose beautiful homestead stood right near the east-west runway and was built with payments made by a speculator who went bankrupt during the 1890's depression. (See itellya's journal about the Mansfields on family tree circles.)

Captain Hunter establishes "Lochton" (177 C4). Six years later a flour mill was built on the property by a Mr (David Robie? See I.W.Symond's "Bulla Bulla")Bain. I believe the Chapmans, whose haystack was burnt down at Saltwater River in 1856, but not on Tullamarine Island which had been sold to the Faithfullswere leasing from Captain Hunter in 1856.In 1857, George Chapman(who established Sea Winds on Arthurs Seat) came to Australia and married Elizabeth Bain in 1865.The Tullamarine Chapmans moved to Springvale and George may have stayed with them before moving to Dromana in 1862. Nelson Rudduck, Dromana pioneer of 1871 married Jane Sophia Chapman. (A Dreamtime of Dromana Pages 58-60, 75-8.) This suspicion of a Chapman/Bain link between Bulla and Dromana may seem far-fetched but so too was the idea that Percy Hurren, the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner Moorooduc in 1950 was the same bloke that owned Dalkeith (west of Broadmeadows Rd) after Leslie King Dawson. A Moorooduc pioneer confirmed that Percy had bought land up near the airport and Percy attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951!

St Paul's Church of England was built in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows.)

Robert Shankland, later to settle on Waltham at Greenvale, builds the original section of Dean's Hotel at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Dean St at Moonee Ponds. (Shankland's biography in Victoria and its Metropolis. )

John Dickins, of whom many details are included in Harry Peck's "Memoirs of a Stockman", establishes "Coldingham Lodge" (Melway 176 D-F 8-10) south of Dickin's Corner (176 D7)and bounded on the east and south by Jacksons Creek.

Malcolm Ritchie works on Glencairn (Melway 4 A-G 1) for George Coghill and likes the look of Aucholzie nearby (Melway B-G 6.)


Charles Nash establishes "Fairview" on lots 1-6 and 15-20 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate between Victoria and Wright St (Roughly Melway 5 G 6-7.) (Lands Office Volume 80 folio 902, vol.89 fol.203.)
Victoria St was named after the young Queen but Tullamarine residents called it Nash's Lane. Wallis Wright must have bought adjoining land soon after. After about 1923 Harry Heaps' family occupied Wright's "Sunnyside" and locals called Wright St Heaps Lane.
Charles Nash also bought "Bayview",109.5 acres,(between the e-w section of Trade Park Drive and the Catherine Ave/Janus St midline) part of section 3 Tullamarine,and a smaller block containing Tarmac Drive, from the Fosters. Vol.180 Fol.402 and Vol. 176 Fol.787. Purchasers near Fairview and Bayview were prominent Wesleyans such as the Andersons.The Wesleyan School No 632 was established at the bend in Cherie St, at the south east corner of Bayview in 1855, and the Methodist Church was builtin 1870 on Charles Nash's small block which had a Bulla Rd frontage at the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive.

Charles Nash sold the block for the church for 10 shillings (probably the transfer fee). The Nash, Parr and Wright families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church for well over a century.(Church Centenary Souvenir, 1970.)

David O'Niall builds the "Broombank Homestead" 70 metres from Bulla Rd at the end of a driveway that is now Millar Rd. He had been running the Lady of the Lake Hotel for three years. In 1852, travellers bound for Sydney were advised to go up Deep Creek (Bulla) Road and take the road to the right when they reached the Lady of the Lake. The road to the right must have been the present Derby St (which does a left hand turn to enclose the one acre blocks of "Hamilton Terrace", named after J.C.Riddell's partner, Hamilton) but continued through the unfenced "Chandos", bought by John Peter, vol.170 folio 2, to Fawkner St, Broadmeadows Township, now called Westmeadows.
After crossing the timber bridge, travellers would climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd. Obviously, Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd between Tullamarine Junction (Melway 15 J1) and Fawkner St) was not made at that stage.

Colin Williams told me of the huge number of coins his father found 40 years later while ploughing near the old hotel which had burnt down in about 1870. John Cock leased Broombank 1867-1882 and told Colin's dad, who moved in about six years later that there were ghosts. Ray Loft, who married Margaret Millar, leased the farm for many years but could not buy it until the death of the remaining O'Niall spinster in 1933. Catherine and Minnie refused to sell for sentimental reasons. (See 1860.)

William Chadwick starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville. Later he bought the 26 acres of Camp Hill south of Carol Grove (15 J-K3), was a butcher and licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel, and operated the Farmers' Arms Hotel on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St, Essendon for 12 years until he moved to Benalla in 1876 and built the Farmers' Arms Hotel there.

John Watt, longtime bell-ringer at the historic Scots Church,Campbellfield (if my memory serves me correctly), after six years renting on Glenroy, establishes "Oakfield" (if my memory etc) east of Tarcoola Drive (Melway 179 K 9-11.) His grant later contained a reservoir that supplied Tullamarine's first reticulated water and was probably operating until the Greenvale reservoir was ready to supply water in the 1970's.

Maurice Crotty starts working for the Brannigans at St John's Hill (Melway 384 J4.)

John Beech had a store in 1853 and started the Beech Tree Hotel. (See itellya's journal about the hotels near Tullamarine on family tree circles.)

John McKerchar establishes "Greenvale" (178 G5.) He married Catherine McNab of (the first)"Victoria Bank"in 1855 and was responsible for obtaining the school on the Section Rd corner, across the road from his farm.

Robert Shankland establishes "Waltham" at Greenvale. The Greenvale reservoir now covers Waltham and its neighbour to the west, "Glenarthur". Robert's son, William, had "Brook Hill" south of Somerton Rd where the Shankland Wetlands have been established.

Argus newspaper co-owner and editor, Edward Wilson buys Arundel. He built the bluestone dairy, still standing proudly, and may have sold the land which the McNabs called Turner's (Melway 4 E12.) Wilson was the leading light of the Acclimatisation Society, which aimed to introduce crops etc but also to make the colony more like "home". Arundel was known as a "model" farm ; experimental crops, Chincilla rabbits and exotic amimals such as monkeys were prominent features of the farm. (K.B.Keeley's Architectural Thesis on Arundel.)

David Patullo establishes "Craigbank" north of the Martin Dillon bridge on Wildwood Rd. (See Kathleen Fanning's Fanning Family History website and itellya's PATULLO journal on family tree circles.)

Ann Parr and her son, James Henry arrive in the colony. James Henry and his wife, known as Da and Ma Parr, later owned "The Elms", which was later carried on by their son,Sam Parr,while his brother Cr Bill Parr farmed the north eastern part of section 2 for which he retained the old name, Annandale. James Henry and Bill Parr were presidents of the Shire of Keilor 6 and 4 times respectively.

Malcolm Ritchie and family establish Aucholzie CONTINUE .

There is no need to continue because my file has been found. See comment 1.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago