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Cr Millyard was handed a letter written by Mr Williams who wished to speak to the council about the Blackwood reservoir.(Note, this has not been corrected on trove.)

Mr. Williams being called upon, said-I am acting for the public of Blackwood in this matter. The Chairman: Do I understand you rightly to say that you represent the public of Blackwood at this Council today ? Mr. Williams: Well, perhaps that is saying too much; but I am here to request, on behalf of the public interest of Blackwood, that this Council will interfere between Messrs. Walker and Armstrong obtaining a lease of the Blackwood Reservoir, or permission to cut a race therefrom. Mr. Walker has applied to the Board of Lands and Works for the lease of the race, and he also states that this Council has no power in the matter; whereas I am informed that the Council holds a lease of the reservoir, which is the exclusive property of this Council, I also wish permission to be allowed to peruse that lease. - Should Messrs. Walker and Armstrong attain their object, it will create a private interest detrimental to the public interest of Blackwood.

Councillor Mairs: It is important that this Council should take some steps in the matter, and it is also important that Messrs. Walker and Co. should not be put in possession of the property which they are now applying for. I will move-"That the Secretary write to the Minister of Mines, in reference to the application of Messrs. Walker and Armstrong, of Blackwood, for the right to cut a race in connection with the Blackwood Reservoir, and request that such right be not granted, as this Council is of opinion that the right to construct watercourses in connection with the above reservoir should be vested in this Council alone. And that, to create private interests in connection therewith, would be highly detrimental to the interests of this Council, and to the interests of the people of Blackwood." Councillor Graham would second the motion,
believing that it would serve the best interest of Blackwood. Carried.
(P.3,Bacchus Marsh Express, 25-5-1867.)

A letter from D.Ryan, which discussed Greendale originally being part of the Bacchus Marsh Road District and the possibility of having to join the Bacchus Marsh Shire, gives much detail about the formation of the Ballan Road District Board. Ryan (the letter is signed D.R.)stated in another letter that David Mairs nominated Blackwood's first rep. and as he was unlikely to forget the Mairs name, the typesetter was most likely responsible for Main. Only part of the letter is shown here and the paragraphing is mine.

In 1862 a few men met at Flack's hotel, Ballan, and petitioned to have Ballan constituted a Road District. The boundary towards Blackwood was fixed by the petitioners at the northern boundary of allotments near Long Gully, owned by Mr. Andrew. But when the boundaries were gazetted no one was more surprised than myself to find that the more important part of Blackwood was brought within the Ballan Shire. Mr. Steavenson did this work by a stroke of the pen.

The residents of Blackwood in those days were both numerous and prosperous. They, however, never stirred to come under the Act, and thereby committed a grievous blunder, as they might easily have formed a respectable municipality themselves, being then the most important centre in West Bourke. Instead, however,the inhabitants of the various townships of which Blackwood is composed were very jealous that any particular little township would be better served than the other three. It would be amusing reading to publish the details of the various improvement com mittees formed at Blackwood from time to time.

For a great number of years past- perhaps from the beginning, the inclusion of the agricultural portion with the mining portion as one Riding has been immensely unsatisfactory. Our interests tend Marsh wards. Some years ago, in accordance with the wish of my neighbours, Mr. Standfield and myself drafted a petition, the purport of which was the annexation of our territory to the town where we transact our business, viz., Bacchus Marsh. Before the necessary signatures were .attached some person gave out that "if you join the Marsh you will have to pay the ordinary rate, a water rate for Messrs. Pearce Bros., and another for the Water Trust." This story travelled quickly amongst my neighbours, and they would believe nothing else. Hence, from that day I became very indifferent as to the disposition of the Shire funds. Three years ago another friend drew a like memorial for the same purpose, and surely enough another story upset this proposal.

No one here grudges the Blackwood people to vote en bloc, as they did at the last election, but a good many criticised the act of 16 voters here who always vote against any neighbour; which, if added to - the other 20 ratepayers who refrained from voting gave this side a big pull back. - Mr. Hamilton is a native of this neigh bourhood-a live man, full of zeal and vigor, and a son of one of the very best men who ever resided here; still, the 16 true men of Greendale voted against him.

To show the cruel wrong Blackwood is inflicting on this part of the Riding I have to go back a long, long road to the first election of the Ballan Road Board District. Election day was a big event for Ballan, yet Blackwood showed the utmost indifference. About a dozen Blackwood people came over on a pilgrimage to Ballan. Among those I now remember were George Moore (a talented man, who died in his native city, Bristol); William Vigor (a favourite); and J. B. Garland, " Bozzy." All now with the majority.

I need not say how Blackwood had no show of electing anyone on that day ; yet, through the good offices of Messrs. Mairs, Fox, and others, we supported Moore, and had him elected the first representative for Blackwood; but entered into a solemn compact with Mr. Moore that none of the money raised on the agricultural portion should be expended in the forest till our roads were made in the agricultural portion. This proposition was ratified; and as a matter of positive certainty Mr. Moore obeyed it to the letter. So did Cr. Mill yard, who succeeded him, except if he saw the Council in good humour he'd ask for 5 or 10 " to cut a dangerous sideling," &c. He used to superintend the execution of this work himself, and the Council was the gainer, as he always had full value from the best men he employed.

Barry's Reef at this time was growing strong, and not being on the best of terms with the Golden Point people put forward a resident of their own as candidate at a Shire election. The result surprised everyone as the Barry's reef man went within two of being elected. Barry's Reef people were jubilant, as they knew their strength, which kept rapidly increasing till another surprise was sprung upon the ratepayers. This was an additional Riding, necessitating all the members coming out of office. For the new Council Barry's Reef nomi- nated three of its best men, who were easily elected, thereby taking all the representation. And taking our share of the "Municipal fund, or a great portion of it, to make a forest road which we do not require, and our own roads neglected, and disregarding the compact entered into.etc. (P.1, BME, 3-10-1896.)

David Mairs seems to have had a soft spot for Blackwood. This might be because at the time of his marriage in 1857 his address was 35 Roslyn Rd, North Blackwood (according to a genealogical website!) I have had no luck finding any mention on trove of Roslyn Road in Blackwood, Greendale or Ballan. However my search turned up this beauty.
BALLAN. On a recent visit to our much esteemed friend, Mr. Denis Ryan, J.P., I was favored by the brief but interesting intelligence that the East Riding of Ballan Shire in the first Road Board was represented by Messrs. David Mairs, Denis Ryan, and George Moore. (P.3, Bacchus Marsh Express, 10-4-1909.)

Ryan's story certainly differs in some respects from that given in ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD.Only a part of Ryan's letter is reproduced here.

MOUNT BLACKWOOD. To the Editor. SIR,-George Jackson would, I think make a good living anywhere. I was present at his wedding at Leahy an Egan's, Bacchus Marsh. He, Tom Spice(r?) (Ballan), and Black Charlie, would surprise any mob of wild bullocks in the Pyrete scrub or anywhere else that they were commissioned to muster. Jackson picked up with Harry Athorn, East Ballan hotel, an expert horseman, Bill and Jim Keating (Keating's swamp, Mount Cotterell), Tom Gregory, Disher, and George Whale of Ballan, joined the party, who started in January, '55, on a pilgrimage through the Blackwood ranges, and fixed their tent on the site of Peter Jensen's property, at Golden Point, Blackwood. They worked on with great success, opened up Jackson's gully, and got heaps of gold. Jackson let me know, so one morning early in March John Leahy, John Edols, myself, and Sergeant Roberts, started for Blackwood Towards evening we came to the camp of our acquaintances, and it was a sight to see the immense quantity of gold in pickle bottles (a pickle bottle held about 12 lbs troy). After getting lost a few times we got back next evening late, jaded and careworn. As soon as I could discharge my obligations I made up my mind to try Blackwood.(P.3, Bacchus Marsh Express, 9-7-1898.)

By the way, George Jackson was living in poverty later and Harry Athorn,(in 1854, a publican at East Ballan who also owned two team of bullocks) later became a butcher and was declared insolvent.

AND NOW THE SOURCE USED IN ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD.(The part about Blackwood's name is not included.)
James H.Walsh of Ballan was far too kind to G.B. whose "legend" included not one name.
Sir,- G B' s interesting article on Blackwood on August 20th recalled a version of the first discovery of gold there, given to me by Harry Densley, a resident of the Ballan district from 1853 to his death in 1919. His version does not differ materially from that of GB but it is more circumstantial and it contains intimate details of the occurrence only to be expected from one who played a part in it. Densley was a native of Van Diemen's Land. He arrived in Victoria with his father in December, l851, his father having been attracted by the gold discoveries. His eldest brother Charles had come to Bacchus Marsh with Captain Bacchus in 1838, and another brother Thomas, came later, so after landing Harry and his father made for there on foot. Immediately after their arrival they started with a party for the Forest Creek diggings but having no success there they moved on to Bendigo, and later to Ballarat where Densley senior, died towards the end of 1852. Harry who was then between 14 and 15 years was brought to Bacchus Marsh, and after a time he obtained employment as a bullock driver from one Harry Athorn, a well known identity of that place at that time. In 1853 Athorn came to East Ballan, and built an hotel there, at the top of the hill to the east of the valley which he named the Travellers Rest. Densley and another bullock driver named Crockett came with him. In addition to the hotel business he had two bullock teams carting on the roads. His account of the discovery of gold at Blackwood given by Densley to me is as follows - "Harry Athorn and Harry Hider were the first to discover gold at Blackwood. They made the discovery in the latter part of I854. Six bullocks that had got away from earlier carters were generally known to be in there on the Laradoc (as the Lerderderg was colloquially, and perhaps correctly, styled by the early settlers), and previous attempts to get them had proved unsuccessful. Athorn and Hider went on three different Sundays to seek them and on the last occasion when in the vicinity of where they were supposed to be running they stopped about mid day to have lunch on the bank of the creek where Golden Point now is. The water was clear. While eating their lunch they saw water worn gold at the bottom of the stream. They collected as much of it as was visible. Overjoyed with their discovery they returned with the gold, and with two of the bullocks, blazing a track out to make sure of finding the place again.

As soon as they returned to East Ballan a party was made up to prospect the discovery composed of Athorn, Hider and three others named Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger, the arrangements being that all were to share equally in any gold discovered. Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger were to do the prospecting while Athorn and Hider found them in food and other requisites. The prospectors begun work in Jackson's Gully (named after one of them) and they camped on the far side of the creek about where the Golden Point bridge is. In some of the holes put down good gold was obtained and in others none but on trying along the course of the creek the party found that gold could be got anywhere in it. I took the first lot of provisions out to them on horseback being guided to them by the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider, and afterwards a man named Matt Cook and I took out a larger supply and some mining equipment. Cook having half a ton on a two horse dray and a like weight on a dray drawn by six bullocks. After leaving Athorn's we went down by Pyke's homestead and crossing Doctors Creek below it followed the eastern bank of that stream through what is now Mr Lidgett's paddock until we reached about where the present road is. We then turned in an easterly direction and kept on until we arrived at the site where Greendale now stands, where we camped for the night near where Mr George Henry Roberts's latest store afterwards stood close to a large pool in which a servant woman in the employ of the Dale's had drowned herself a short time previously. In consequence of this tragedy the pool had received the name of the Lady's Waterhole and I did not like camping near it . On mentioning my doubts to Cook he did not seem to be perturbed and remarked philosophically 'She will not hurt you'

The creek was not then washed out as it is now and it could be crossed easily any where. After starting next morning we kept along the left bank of the creek, over the big hill and on until what is now called the Junction was reached where we again camped for the night. Next night we made for where the prospectors were working at what is now called Golden Point above which Jackson and Dungey met us and cut a track for us through the heavy heath and undergrowth which enabled us to reach the tent at the foot of the hill close to the creek. Throughout the journey we followed the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider but as trees had to be cut and fallen timber removed to give the dray passage our progress was necessarily very slow. The news of the party's operations was soon bruited about, and a considerable rush set in in which a good many early Ballannites took part "
Yours &c.,
JAMES H. WALSH. Ballan, Sept. 12. (P.9, Argus,17-9-1927.)

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 10 months ago


People of Dromana, you have a great museum but now it's only open two Sundays a month. I don't live in Dromana but I love the town because I have made a connection with its proud past. Unfortunately most members of the historical society, many of whom are descendants of pioneers, are getting on and it is becoming harder to fill the roster of volunteers to open the museum on Sundays. Apart from age, another factor affecting the number of volunteers could be that Dromana residents don't seem to care about the area's proud history.

Here I must praise the Dromana Primary School. By doing a project about the Dromana pier, which could soon disappear and not be replaced , the school ensured that my colleague and I had a most enjoyable day last Sunday, helping two children and their parents. I'm sure that my colleague would have been bored out of her brain if they had not turned up. Not I, though. It would give me a chance to explore the treasures in the museum so that when 20 people turn up, I'll be able to refer them to any information they are seeking.

Hopefully, this journal will inspire you to visit the museum. Instead of telling you that we have thousands of photos etc., I will give you some detailed information about some of the items you can see.

The museum is housed in the Old Shire Office on Pt Nepean Rd, in the third block west of McCulloch St (Melway 159 G7.) Dating from the late 1920's,it was designed by Stewart Calder in the Spanish mission style. It was the shire's first real home, with meetings being regularly held at the Dromana Hotel for many years despite efforts by some councillors to give the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat Hotel a turn.

Near the entrance to the museum rooms are marble memorials to Watson Eaton and Archie Shaw.

WATSON EATON. (Also see HISTORICAL NOTES after the information about Archie Shaw.)
Abraham Griffith,an American like Rosebud's Henry Bucher, was the master of a whaler sailing out of Philadelphia and came to Australia in 1854. By 1855 he had settled on the Survey (Melway 160 H4.) Watson and Bernard Eaton are thought to have come out with Abraham and his wife, Rebecca. Both brothers may have farmed with Abraham but Bernard seems to have spent decades on the gold fields, owning a "race" at Creswick at one time, before returning in the late 1880's to mine on the Tubbarubba diggings. Bernard's unmarried daughter Maude lived out her days in Dromana, dying in 1956 aged in her 90's. Benjamin Eaton, who was possibly Bernard's son was appointed librarian at the Dromana Mechanics' Institute.

In another journal, I have details of Abraham's death, and Watson probably looked after Rebecca when she became a widow. Watson later selected 150 acres at the west corner of (the now-closed) Eatons Cutting Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd (Melway 190 F2.)This land was granted to his executrix, Rebecca, following his death.

Colin McLear had vivid memories of the memorial, which attracted his attention during boring sermons at the Dromana Presbyterian Church where it had hung for 80 years since the building had been the Union Church (shared by several denominations.) Colin stated that Watson had done several years of a medical course but that is not true.
(When researching on trove, I often get sidetracked by a neighbouring article that catches my eye. The article about the inquest into the death of a man, in which Watson Eaton testified that he had never received any medical training or attended university, was one such sidetrack. The digitised version of this article must not have Watson's name spelt correctly and combinations of Eaton with Dromana, Kangerong and words that were in the article achieved no result despite hours of searching. I have recorded the newspaper and issue date regarding this article, and others. about Watson Eaton, but I have no idea where; these details were not in my PENINSULA DISTRICT HISTORY and DROMANA,ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND(not journals)which were the most likely locations. So you'll have to take my word re the article, which will be pasted here when I find it.)

I'm not going to tell you what the memorial says but you can come to the museum and read it! I'm not sure whether Watson was involved in perhaps the most dangerous thing the pioneer women could do, give birth. The Dromana district was lucky to have women such as Susan Peatey on the Survey, who delivered Henry Bucher's daughter, the first white child to be born in Rosebud. What do the papers say about Watson Eaton?

The district coroner held an inquest at Kangerong, on the 24th inst., on the body of a man named Abraham Griffiths, aged 58 years, a farmer residing at Kangerong. The deceased was seen about noon on the 27th February, driving a pair of quiet horses in a four-wheeled vehicle, on the road towards Dromana. About 3 o'clock on the same afternoon he was seen by a man named James Wiseman, standing by the side of a fence below Mount Martha. Tho body of the vehicle was close by, with the front wheels gone. Tho horses were about 50 yards off. Wiseman spoke to deceased, who did not recognise him. Seeing the deceased was hurt, Wiseman took him home. A sapling six inches in diameter had been broken by the vehicle. The vehicle was in good working order.

William Potter, a constable stationed at Dromana, said that the clump of saplings was a most dangerous one. It was situated within the boundary of the Mornington Shire. Watson Eaton, a partner of the deceased, said that the latter was able to go about for a few days after the accident. Deceased explained that the horses ran away with him down the hill, and that he could not keep them off the saplings.(P.6,Argus 27-3-1874.)

As Mr. Eaton of Kangerong was on his way to Flinders to a sick person, the young horse he was riding suddenly commenced bucking, throwing Mr. Eaton, who fell heavily to the ground fracturing his leg near the ankle. He lay helpless for some time, but at last succeeded (by?) cooeying in attracting the attention of a Mr -- ner, who soon got assistance, and conveyed him to his home. Having considerable skill in setting fractured limbs, he directed the operation himself. We hear that he is progressing favorably, but since it was a bad fracture he will probably be laid up for some time, which will be a loss to the district as he is a most useful man in cases of sickness ever ready and willing to go to any part of the district.
(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 24-10-1877.)

Watson's conditioned worsened and he was taken to the Alfred Hospital but he died. Frantically the district sought a doctor to replace Watson, never having worried about getting one while he was alive.

Unfortunately the index for A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA needs some modification. This comes from page 88, which is not mentioned in the index in relation to Ben Shaw.

Benjamin Shaw came to the peninsula as a hawker and settled in Dromana where he established the Kangerong guest house (on the site of a caravan park and the Caltex Garage) in the 1880's. His son, Archibald Vine Shaw married Maude McKeown, this connection recently used to name a reserve in the subdivision of a former McKeown orchard. The Shaw-McKeown reserve is mentioned on the website MORNINGTON PENINSULA DAILY by Gemma Wiseman, a descendant of a very early Red Hill pioneer through whose grant the part of White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner (Wiseman's Deviation ) runs. Gemma has posted a very clear photo of the history board at the reserve. The history board states that Benjamin and his wife, Elizabeth, arrived in Dromana in 1875.

The following comments about Gemma's post shows that some people do value Dromana's heritage.

VioletSky said...

I wish there were more signs like this that give a good family and historical history of the area.
July 5, 2012 at 7:31 AM
RedPat said...

It's nice to remember them with some green space!
July 5, 2012 at 10:19 AM
Clytie said...

I love seeing signs that bring local heritage to life ... history is so important!
July 5, 2012 at 12:46 PM
Lindy MacDuff said...

As it should be, so history will not be forgotten.
July 5, 2012 at 12:59 PM
NixBlog said...

Good to see the pioneers acknowledged in this way, Gemma.
July 5, 2012 at 5:12 PM
Pat said...

What a nice tribute - not only a sign but also a nice GREEN area!
July 6, 2012 at 12:14 AM
Dianne said...

no matter how small, a reserve and acknowledgement are treasures
July 6, 2012 at 1:06 AM
PerthDailyPhoto said...

It took some time Gemma, but as Pat says, what a lovely way to be remembered!
July 6, 2012 at 2:09 AM
Francisca said...

It seems we need reminders that our communities are not made up of isolated individuals and our present is linked to those in the past. My screen is not large enough to read the sign, but I'm glad it's there.
July 6, 2012 at 4:09 AM
Lesley said...

what a neat sign that explains so much! and it is a bonus that the descendants are still in the area.
July 6, 2012 at 10:47 AM
itellya, Rosebud said...

Well done to Cr Graham Pittock for seeing this request granted. I'd seen the letter in the folder in the museum and wondered if the desired outcome had been achieved. Mrs McKeown was a sister of Hill Hillis, another early pioneer. Unfortunately the sign is wrong in stating that James McKeown moved from Red Hill in 1875; it should be 1885.
Well done to the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce for the statues and the Waiting Tree history board.
February 24, 2013 at 11:32 PM

Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw,of Kangerong, Dromana,died on Tuesday,aged 63 years. Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years, during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P.6, Argus, 27-10-1932.)

Archie's son Maurice, who ran Shaw's Garage for many years, also ran a bus service which was much appreciated by hinterland residents. In another article (about a discussion by council of this service being stopped from connecting with the Portsea service bus at Moats Corner), Maurie's name was given as J.M.Shaw. It is likely that his first given name was James, his maternal grandfather being James McKeown.
REDHILL. (EXTRACT)The usual bus service run by Mr Shaw from Dromana to Red Hill has been discontinued owing to orders from the Transport Board. This bus was a blessing to local residents, as owing to petrol and tyre restrictions, it was almost impossible to get down to Dromana beach. It was also convenient when necessary to get to town unexpectedly, or, if the early train from town was missed. It will be very much missed, and it is hoped that the service will soon be allowed again to fill the needs of local residents.
(P2, Standard, Frankston, 5-4-1945.)

The mistake about Watson's medical training appears here too but the page is very interesting.

Historical Notes

Red Hill 2009 Show Display
A display of photographs was prepared by the society for the Red Hill Show held in March 2008. This event celebrated 150 years of shows on the peninsula and 80 years of the Red Hill Show. Another outstanding display was created in 2009 and is on display in the Historical Museum, Old Shire Offices, 359A Point Nepean Road, Dromana.

Book Launch - A Dreamtime of Dromana
On 8 April 2006 the Society launched the book - 'A Dreamtime of Dromana- A history of Dromana through the eyes of a pioneering family.' Written by local historian Colin McLear, the book has 227 pages, over 100 photographs of early Dromana and contains a detailed index.

Howard Ratcliff Lawson: Builder and Entrepreneur
This fascinating display which was set up in the Museum in 2006, marked the 60th Anniversary of Lawson's death at Dromana in 1946. Lawson had the foresight to see the tourist potential in Arthurs Seat and built an extravagant complex of buildings on the summit including swimming pool, ballroom and viewing area with a camera obscura. Nearby he built several houses but his untimely death put an end to the project. Lawson also was a prolific builder of flats in the South Yarra and Dandenong Road areas.
The display is preserved and will be repeated in the future.

The Hobson Brothers
Edmund Charles Hobson and Edward William Hobson were born early in the 1800's and brought up with their grandparents in Hobart. Edmund studied natural history and medicine and was one of the founders of the Melbourne hospital whilst Edward became an explorer and grazier, and was one of the first settlers between Melbourne and Sorrento. He was also the owner of the ill-fated vessel Rosebud which was wrecked in Port Phillip Bay.
These were the subject of a recent display.

Watson Eaton - Physician to the Pioneers
In November 2002 a small display was set up in the Museum commemorating the 125th anniversary of the death of Watson Eaton in 1877.

Watson Eaton arrived in Australia on board the barque Nimrod from New York on March 1855. He was reported to have travelled out with Abraham and Rebecca Griffith who also came from Philadelphia. Watson Eaton and the Griffith family were neighbours on Jamieson's Survey and were also in partnership together.

Watson Eaton was a bachelor who had completed several years of medical training but had not qualified. Whilst farming on Jamieson's Survey he put his medical training to good use as the community lacked a doctor. Eaton always kept a horse saddled in his stable ready for an emergency. Whether he rode to Flinders or Dromana he charged a flat rate of one pound per visit.

On 21 October 1877 while on his way to a patient he fell from his horse and sustained a badly broken leg which he attempted to set himself. Unfortunately the leg became infected and this led to his death three weeks later on 14 November 1877.
A road between Red Hill and Dromana is known as Eaton's Cutting.

Jetty Store Plaque
A plaque was unveiled on the wall of the National Bank building in Dromana on Wednesday 24 July 2002. It shows the original 'Jetty Store' built on the site.

Matthew Flinders Bi-Centenary
A museum display '1802 and All That' produced to support the launch of the Valda Cole book The Summer Survey: Log of the Lady Nelson 1801 - 1802 under command of John Murray, can still be viewed in the Museum. All copies of the book held by the Museum have now been sold.
A small booklet commemorating the ascent of Arthurs Seat by Matthew Flinders and others on 27 April 1802 is available to purchase.

In February 2002 a ceremony was conducted to commemorate the entry of the Lady Nelson under the command of Lieut. John Murray into Port Phillip Bay on 14 February 1802. This was the first ship to enter the bay. This entry was accomplished after a launch under command of William Bowen with five men had ventured into the bay on 31 January 1802 to find a suitable access passage. They returned on 4 February 1802 and reported to Murray that a 'good channel' had been found. A plaque was unveiled on the monument next to the museum to commemorate these events.

Murray named Arthurs Seat after a similar hill near his native city Edinburgh.

On 30 March 1802 the Gographe, under the command of Nicolas Baudin, sailed past from Cape Schanck heading south-west, but missed the entrance to Port Phillip Bay. The next week, French officers and men from the Naturaliste, under command of Hamelin, thoroughly explored the coast from Wilsons Promontory up to and including Western Port Bay.

The historic meeting of Baudin and Flinders took place at Encounter Bay on 8 April 1802.

The Investigator under the command of Captain Matthew Flinders entered Port Phillip Bay on 26 April 1802.

Centenary of Federation
Henry Bournes Higgins who lived at 'Heronswood', Dromana, was one of the founders of the Australian Constitution. He was member for North Melbourne in the first Parliament of the Commonwealth, and Attorney General in the first Labor Ministry formed by John Watson in 1904. He died at Heronswood on 13 January 1929 and is buried in the Dromana Cemetery. As a contribution to the celebration of the Centenary of Federation, the Society prepared a small photographic display on the life and times of Henry Bournes Higgins.

Jamieson's Special Survey
The Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 covered an area of 5120 acres (8 square miles) in the Dromana area and was bounded approximately by Ellerina Road to the North, Point Nepean Road to the South, Safety Beach to the West and a N-S line West of Tubbarubba Road on the eastern boundary.

A display relating to the Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 was presented in the Museum during the period July - December 2000. The display included photographs of some of the early settlers in the survey, and recent photographs taken near the survey boundaries. A copy of the survey map produced at the time was also included.

125 Years of Education
On December 19th, 1950, eight small schools - Red Hill, Red Hill South, Flinders, Shoreham, Main Ridge, Balnarring, Merricks and Merricks North, closed to form Red Hill Consolidated School. An era which commenced in the 1870's ended, and a new era began. The 125 years of education was celebrated at the Consolidated School on 1-2 April, 2000.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 5 months ago



John Aitken carried all his sheep ashore when the Chili ran aground.
Peter Pidota loaded timber at Sheepwash Creek for all the piers around.
George McLear said the pier should be built on the Survey coast
But others preferred the present site the most.

Schnapper Point was getting a pier so, in 1858, Dromana tried a deputation;
Mr Scurfield told of the post office and store, timber and a larger population.(1)
In 1859 another deputation asked for 2000 pounds for the pier's erection
But the request was refused: no municipality, so you could try a collection.(2)

At last a jetty Dromana finally gets;
Two thousand pound on the estimates!(3)
More money in '66 to make the pier complete
For the Reliance and others in the coastal fleet.(4)

The pier became longer and longer
But it didn't help when a gale became stronger.
Peter Pidoto's Ripple finished up on the beach
No matter how far into the bay it did reach.(5)

The traders vied for berths with the steamers quite often
Rob Adams would wait with his drag for Lord Hopetoun(6)
And tourists who for bathing and nature were dying,(7)
While the pier sides were bedecked with fishing nets drying.(8)

Steamer passengers kept many guest houses going
And Adams, Hobley, Cairns, Chapman their drags a-stowing.
Rail ran to Mornington for those with sea-sickness forboding;
Also to pier-end for trading craft loading.

Harry Copp, John McLear, Doan Griffith and Fred Vine(9)
Professionally fished with net or with line
But they aged and their maker did meet;
So too the pier, replaced with concrete.

Now our pier deals with neither steamers nor trade
But our greatest efforts to keep it must be made.
At its end, fishermen still love to dangle a line
And strollers think a promenade is just fine.

Our poor old pier is suffering concrete-cancer.
A single contract "demolish and build" is the answer!

1. P4, Argus, 29-10-1858.
2. P.5, Argus, 7-12-1859.
3. P.3,The Mercury, Hobart, 26-2-1862.
4. Dromana stands upon a long, low, sandy ridge, naked and bleak looking. Our party landed on the unfinished jetty, where it appears a considerable trade in timber is carried on. And we may remark, en passant, that it is a good thing for a district to have a Cabinet Minister to represent it; for we understand that a sum of �900 is put down on this year's estimates to complete the Dromana jetty. (P3, South Bourke Standard, 6-4-1866.)
5. P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-11-1890.
6. Robert Henry Adams' Hopetoun House (on the site of the McCrae Car Wash) was named after Lord Hopetoun, Governor of Victoria, who was a frequent guest. A bit of a land-lubber, he preferred to travel the rest of the way to Fort Franklin on land rather than sail all the way to Sorrento.
7. Numerous articles extol the beauty of the area and the fitness freaks loved to climb Arthurs Seat. Bathing consisted of rolling up the trousers and wading because anyone over the age of 10 faced very strict guidelines about attire (as shown on the historic board near the pier.)

The first verse is about the Dromana area before it had a pier. John Aitken was one of the earliest settlers in the Port Phillip District (as Victoria was known). He was the first man to have farm animals in the Dromana area, not by choice. This is from an article about Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania) in the Sydney Herald of 21-4-1836.
March 22-Sailed, the brig Chili, Captain Nixon, for Port Phillip. Passengers, Messrs. G. W. Sam, John Aitken, R. M'Leod, T. Harrison, J. Gray,T. Forrester.

The Chili went aground near Dromana. Guess which people helped him to carry the sheep ashore. Did you say Boon-wurrung? His sheep would have been a scared and sorry-looking lot and he probably gave them a long rest before he walked them all the way to a hill west of Sunbury. He was there by the time Governor Bourke came from Sydney to deal with John Batman's land-grab and the Governor stayed with him, naming the hill Mt Aitken.
About five years later, Hugh Jamieson bought Jamieson's Special Survey and the part of it near the coast is now called Safety Beach.

1. From Melbourne Brindle's map, find: (a) the name of Jonah Griffith's boat (built near Jetty Rd): (b)which fisherman lived on the foreshore opposite Kangerong Avenue or a bit further east?
2. How does something that makes concrete stronger cause the concrete cancer?
3. How long do you think the pier is? Now measure it with a trundle wheel to check.
4. Why do some piers have old tyres where vessels berth?
5. The reserve near the pier including the playground is named after a policeman at Dromana who won the Police Valour Award and worked very hard for community groups. If you are clever find his name on the plaque (or Melway.) If you are very clever look on trove to find why he and his colleague were honoured for their bravery.

The first white man to buy land near Dromana was Hugh Jamieson who bought Jamieson's Special Survey, which had the same boundaries as Safety Beach but went as far east as Bulldog Creek Road. Land could not be sold until it was surveyed and until that was done, by dividing land into parishes and then crown allotments, it was leased to squatters in huge areas called Runs. The Kangerong run had been leased to Edward Hobson who had then moved to the Tootgarook run and later to Traralgon which he gave the aboriginal name meaning river of little fish.The Arthurs Seat Run was leased by the McCraes from 1843 and the Burrells from 1851.

The Survey was leased to Henry Dunn, after whom Dunns Creek is named, from 1846 to 1851 but then was leased in smaller pieces to many pioneers whose families would be the lifeblood of Dromana right up to today. Colin McLear gave much detail about them in his book. It was another decade before Dromana existed.James Holden and Peter Pidoto were based near the Carrigg St corner. Holden had a store and Pidoto a slab hut to house his workers. Both were near the Survey where most of the population lived. Holden wanted to be near his customers and Pidoto near Sheepwash Creek where he loaded timber, wattle bark (for tanning leather) and so on from Arthurs Seat.

By the mid 1850's the parish of Kangerong had been surveyed and sold to such as William Grace, who was granted "Gracefield" in 1857 and planted orchards and grapevines.Some of the land was bought by people, such as Andrew Russell of Essendon, who did not live on their grants. Walter Gibson and Mary Ann McLear moved across the road from the Survey and established "Glenholm" and "Maryfield". As there was no pier, perishable food could not be sold in Melbourne so most farms were self- sufficient. It was hard for farmers to earn money so much barter wasused such as "if you build my fence your bullocks can graze in my paddock." The Skeltons of Sorrento had their bullocks driven to the distant goldfields, where there was a ready market, so they could earn some cash.

Luckily, a local market for the Kangerong farmers came into being in the late 1850's. It is possible that some sleepers came from Arthurs Seat in 1854 for the Sandridge (Port Melbourne) railway which opened on 4-11-1854 but by 1858 there was huge demand for this timber for railways and jetties.These people had to eat and live somewhere so William Grace could sell his fruit and wine, the McLears (later Henry William Wilson) could slaughter cattle and sheep, wheat was needed for flour and carpenters were in demand.

It was natural that the Dromana Township site would be near the timber-getting area of Arthurs Seat.The area south (uphill)of Boundary Rd had been sold to Grace and Caldwell but west of McCulloch St was still crown land. The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St and went right to the top of Arthurs Seat (Pindara Rd.)
Towerhill Rd divided larger suburban blocks some of which became the McKeown orchard where the recently named McKeown-Shaw Reserve is now located.The funniest thing about the township was the western boundary near the beach. It was called Burrell Rd which was supposed to go straight up a cliff and join Latrobe Pde where it turns to the south. Of course this road was never made!

Once a township was declared, it was entitled to a post office and a school. They had to be in the township and the post office was at the corner of Foote St and made of green McCrae granite. The rest of what we today call Dromana was section 1 of the parish of Kangerong!

So here we had public buildings near Carrigg St(to service the Survey) and near Foote St (to service the Township). It's almost certain that one of the chores of the Survey children was to pick up the mail on the way home. It wouldn't be long before a general store was set up nearer the township, but where?

Rudduck and Karadoc are two ways to spell an old word, thought to be Celtic, that means red breast. If someone has a ruddy complexion that means red. People who didn't like swearing would use ruddy instead of bloody (blood being red of course.)Gee,thinking about language is fun. I just realised (from Rudduck) that the duck got its name from its prominent breast! Rud=red and duck=breast!

Samuel Rudduck was an early purchaser in section 1 Kangerong. The 103 acre block (about 400 big house blocks)over the road from Safety Beach became known as Karadoc; this being the name of one of the streets on it. Samuel's son, Nelson, was a carrier to and from Gippsland and met Jane Sophia Chapman at Springvale.They married and moved to Dromana soon after their first child was born in 1871.Nelson set up a makeshift store near the pier and later built the Pier Store on the Dromana Hub corner of Pier St. The choice of the site was really very obvious, wasn't it?

The terrific place mats at Ray Stella's Dromana Hotel contain a mistake which is my fault. I took Colin McLear's word that Richard Watkin built the Dromana Hotel in 1857,but I discovered last night while researching the pier that Richard Watkin was running the Scurfield Hotel in the township in 1858.

With the pier becoming the focus of the settlement, it is obvious that some residents, especially those on the Survey would want the post office in a more central location.The Pier Store and H.G.Chapman, the blacksmith, were near the pier and several guest houses catering for the steamer passengers and the Dromana Hotel were to the east of Pier St. In about 1927, the old showgrounds far to the east were sold and the present footy ground bought, the old racetrack behind the Dromana Hotel became the Foreshore Estate, all because of Spencer Jackson,who also sold the Panoramic Estate from which Macedon and the You Yangs could be seen.

The Survey may have had some influence in the centre of Dromana moving away from the township but it is fairly obvious that if the pier had never been built, the shopping centre would not be where it is today. Dromana had its pier before it had a road board,it has had its pier for 150 years and without its pier, Dromana will no longer be Dromana!

Children of Dromana, rise up,rise up, I say;
Dromana must have a pier, forever and a day!

Letter to the Editor columns in local papers give people a chance to tell many others what they think. The Mornington Peninsula Leader has such letters under the heading of Conversations.In the 5-3-2013 edition, Barbara, Iva and Robert gave reasons why the Dromana Pier must stay.
1. List all the reasons for retaining the pier given by these three people but do not repeat any.
2. Pretend that you are the Government and you don't want to spend money on the pier. Try to argue against these reasons. For example, you might say that you don't need a pier to promenade (stroll) looking at the sea.Try to argue that all the activities we love on the pier can be done without a pier.
3. Of course you really want the pier, so now you have to argue against what politicians might say so they don't have to rebuild the pier.For example, their argument that you can see the sea from the shore can be countered by Barbara's points about the stingrays and the fish swimming under the pier; you can only see such things from on top of the water.
4. Get into groups and try to think of more reasons to retain the pier. It would be good for one of the group to pretend to be a politician who doesn't want to pay for a new pier and does as you did in 2. You then have to defeat the politician's arguments as you did in 3.

POSTSCRIPT. 28-3-2014.
Beside the approach to the Dromana Pier are the George Bishop Reserve to the west and and Ernest Rudduck Square to the east. Colin McLear mentioned the latter in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and it was years before I discovered its location by pure chance. Both men were obviously great community contributors but apparently they were also both Shire of Flinders councillors although the LIME LAND LEISURE index on the internet does not mention this, and the heroic George Bishop was not in the index at all.

Therefore I was surprised to find that Dromana Secondary College exists because of George Bishop's persistence. As one of the aims of my research is to acknowledge our pioneers, I often google one of them just to check that I have succeeded. My internet research is usually done from trove (old newspapers)so I hadn't seen this before.

History and Tradition - Dromana Secondary College
Dromana Technical School 1967-1988
Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007

Dromana Technical School 1967-1988 Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007
Albeit minimal in numbers settlement commenced in the district as early as 1838. It would take until February 1861 before Dromana was proclaimed a township. Only thirteen years later in 1874 primary education began with the establishment of the Dromana State School No 184, but it would take another 93 years before secondary education in Dromana commenced.

Cr George Bishop, a Flinders Shire Councillor and Policeman stationed at Dromana, having failed to get a Technical School in Mornington the year before, called a meeting at the Rosebud Memorial Hall in October 1966 for parents of prospective students. He reported to the large crowd in attendance that his tireless work had paid off and he had won the struggle to obtain a technical school at Dromana.

Cr Bishop believed that the time was right to open a technical school to compliment Rosebud High School, a co-educational secondary school that had commenced operation in 1954, and Red Hill Consolidated School which held classes from Prep to Form 4 (Year 10). Any boy however wanting a trade education had to catch a bus and those who resided on the Westernport side of the peninsula, a train to Frankston Technical School.

It was Cr Bishops drive and enthusiasm and his no nonsense approach to the community that ensured the establishment of our school. At the time of the opening of the school (107 years after our towns humble beginnings) the population on the southern peninsula had reached a level where justification was in order for a permanent technical school for the district south of Frankston taking in the areas covered by the Shires of Flinders, Mornington, and Hastings.

POSTSCRIPT 2-11-2014.
Robert Caldwell, a member of parliament and owner of the Dromana Hill Estate and Pharos Vineyard at Dromana, gave a detailed reason in 1861 why a pier was needed at Dromana.
Extract from my ROBERT CALWELL OF DROMANA HILL journal.

There were peculiar advantages in the Dromana district. For instance the Government got all their best timber there for sleepers, piles, and telegraph posts; in fact 26,000 tons of produce were annually shipped from the place. The whole of the traffic was done by men wading up to the neck in water, there being not the least pier accommodation. He should support the motion.(Bottom of Column 4, P.6,Argus, 19-6-1861.)

Many answers can be found in other questions. Answer with a complete sentence for each. For example, in Question 4 you should write:
As well as being needed for cooking and heating buildings,wood from Arthurs Seat was sawn into beams and planks for ------- --------, ------- and --------.

1. What grows naturally and tall in mountainous areas if there is enough soil above the rock? T-ee-.
2. What is the mountainous area near Dromana called? A---ur- Se---.
3. What fuel did people use to cook and heat their houses in the 1850's: wood,gas or electricity?
4. What else was timber from Arthurs Seat used for? Select three.
(Feeding horses; railway sleepers; jetties; making ice creams; buildings.)
3. Why was Dromana chosen by people supplying timber in the 1850's as a place for their huts? Select three.
(Ships big enough to carry timber could get close to shore; there were ice cream shops; timber only had to be dragged downhill to be loaded onto vessels; because of Arthurs Seat making clouds rise it rained more there and many springs supplied good drinking water;it was on the Nepean Highway.)
4. Being near the coast, which type of food could the settlers get without having to farm? F---.
5. Which person mentioned in verse 1 of the poem at the start of the journal carried timber in his ship to Melbourne and coastal towns where piers were being built?
6. Before the pier was built, where did Peter Pidota load his ship?
7. At which tide do you think the loading would have been done; low or high? Explain why.
8. Have you ever been bowled over by a breaking wave at the beach?
9. Have you ever been dumped off a surf board or inflatable boat by a breaking waves?
10.What would make loading or unloading near the shore dangerous? Start your answer with two consecutive words used in both questions 9 and 10.
11. Why would a long pier extending into deep water make it safer to load and unload ships? Choose three answers.(ships would not get wet; ships would not get stuck on the sea bed at low tide; boats would not violently rise up and down because of breakers; those loading or unloading would not get drenched.)
13. What sort of cargo would ships bring back after taking lime from Rye and timber from Dromana to Melbourne?
Remember that many settlers had vegetable gardens, small orchards, chooks, dairy cows and the sea close by. Select all correct answers. (timber; dress and curtain material and clothes;fruit; milk; cheese; flour; water; furniture; fish.)
14.What are two other benefits provided by the pier for Dromana's early residents? Select two.
(They could do bombs like we do; fishermen could unload their catches more easily and drape their nets over the side rails to dry; big steamers could dock there to load and unload tourists who usually stayed for a long holiday but sometimes crammed a drive to Cape Schanck or Arthurs Seat's summit into a shorter stay.)
15. What was the name for the places where tourists stayed? (motels; pizza shops; guest houses.)
16. What were the names of the three most famous steamers? Look in Melway 169 H5.
17. Why did the bay steamers stop coming? Choose three.
(roads had improved; buslines started carrying tourists in the 1920's; more people owned cars; they were all sunk in x-box games.)

I don't think you'll need them but the answers to these questions are in the 2-11-2014 comment box.

Having mentally answered all those questions you now have understanding. Write a few sentences explaining why the pier was needed, a few details about efforts to get one, different ways in which the pier has helped Dromana and provides enjoyment for today's visitors. Try to draw (or provide)at least 8 pictures with informative captions, such as "Loading Peter Pidota's vessel at Sheepwash Creek" or "Drying the nets".

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago


Margot Hitchcock's history of Blackwood is going to be a corker. Even though she has corrected trove digitisation anonymously, it is plain that she has gathered an incredible amount of information.I had intended to add a Blackwood chronology and some information about pioneers to my previous Blackwood journal,but I will put this on hold until Margot's book is published. I will write no background notes for most of the following verses because this information will probably be in Margot's book. If you can't wait until then, search for a combination of key words, including Blackwood, on trove and you will find my sources.

Years ago, I read of a connection with Blackwood of the family of Albert Thurgood, the greatest footballer of his time, and I was reminded of this when exploring the roads (on a google map)that I used to run (never thinking how the Sultan Track got its name). Discovering Thurgood St,I tried unsuccessfully to find a Thurgood/Blackwood connection on trove but discovered the correction of the digitisation mentioned previously,which prompted this journal.

None of the poems will be finished until I am. Look for additions.

THE FIRST TWO PARTIES.(From pages 3-5 of "Aspects of Early Blackwood".)
Edward Hill and Isaac Povey tried a colonial stint
In 1854, and laid bricks for the Sydney mint.
The West Bromwich Wanderers decided to seek
Gold in the vicinity of Wombat Creek.

In October 1854, Edward set off for the Mount Blackwood ranges,
But his mate twice pulled out, too aware of the dangers.

Meanwhile Harry Athorn of East Ballan's "Traveller's Rest"
And neighbour, Harry Hider, decided to test
Reports of bullocks on the Laradoc* astray
And had some luck on their third Sunday.
They counted themselves lucky finding two of the strays
But the next thing they found did truly amaze.

Near Jackson's Gully they stopped for a feed
And filling the billy saw the glint that begets greed
And to East Ballan blazed a track
That Dungey, Bellinger and Jackson followed back.

George Jackson saw gold in the gully that bears his name,
The other two prospectors soon doing the same.
To provide supplies, Athorn and Hider undertook
And they came by Harry Densley, later helped by Matt Cook.

Meanwhile Hill,disappointments did scorn
And found three companions through Harry Athorn.
They too would desert him; he didn't know that,
But he made his big find at Hill's Tent, Ballan Flat.

The Golden Point crew had kept their find hush;
Hill, through the lost Maplestone, started the rush
So Jackson summoned his mate Matthew Sweet
And this made the Golden Point party complete.

Ballan Flat was called Red Hill, the Estaffette's destination,
Frederick Boys' disappearance soon after caused great consternation.
Lerderderg was the new name for the Laradoc
And soon they had to get gold out of the rock.

N.B. It was John Hill who caused the rush, was on the 1856 electoral roll and was buried in the Blackwood cemetery. By 1861, Henry Athorn was a butcher at East Ballan and had become insolvent (P.2, The Star,Ballarat, 14-3-1861.) See the January 1855 entry in the annals at the end of my other Blackwood journal for D.Ryan's recollection of George Jackson's companions.

The information about Jackson's companions in ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD come from the recollections of Harry Densley as told in this letter.

Sir,- G B' s interesting article on Blackwood on August 20th recalled a version of the first discovery of gold there, given to me by Harry Densley, a resident of the Ballan district from 1853 to his death in 1919. His version does not differ materially from that of GB but it is more circumstantial and it contains intimate details of the occurrence only to be expected from one who played a part in it. Densley was a native of Van Diemen's Land. He arrived in Victoria with his father in December, l851, his father having been attracted by the gold discoveries. His eldest brother Charles had come to Baccchus Marsh with Captain Bacchus in 1838, and another brother Thomas, came later, so after landing Harry and his father made for there on foot. Immediately after their arrival they started with a party for the Forest Creek diggings but having no success there they moved on to Bendigo, and later to Ballarat where Densley senior, died towards the end of 1852. Harry who was then between 14 and 15 years was brought to Bacchus Marsh, and after a time he obtained employment as a bullock driver from one Harry Athorn, a well known identity of that place at that time. In 1853 Athorn came to East Ballan, and built an hotel there, at the top of the hill to the east of the valley which he named the Travellers Rest. Densley and another bullock driver named Crockett came with him. In addition to the hotel business he had two bullock teams carting on the roads. His account of the discovery of gold at Blackwood given by Densley to me is as follows - "Harry Athorn and Harry Hider were the first to discover gold at Blackwood. They made the discovery in the latter part of I854. Six bullocks that had got away from earlier carters were generally known to be in there on the Laradoc (as the Lerderderg was colloquially, and perhaps correctly styled by the early settlers), and previous attempts to get them had proved unsuccessful. Athorn and Hider went on three different Sundays to seek them and on the last occasion when in the vicinity of where they were supposed to be running they stopped about mid day to have lunch on the bank of the creek where Golden Point now is. The water was clear. While eating their lunch they saw water worn gold at the bottom of the stream. They collected as much of it as was visible. Overjoyed with their discovery they returned with the gold, and with two of the bullocks, blazing a track out to make sure of finding the place again.

As soon as they returned to East Ballan a party was made up to prospect the discovery composed of Athorn, Hider and three others named Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger, the arrangements being that all were to share equally in any gold discovered. Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger were to do the prospecting while Athorn and Hider found them in food and other requisites. The prospectors begun work in Jackson's Gullv (named after one of them) and they camped on the far side of the creek about where the Golden Point bridge is. In some of the holes put down good gold was obtained and in others none but on trying along the course of the creek the party found that gold could be got anywhere in it. I took the first lot of provisions out to them on horseback being guided to them by the trees blazed by Athom and Hider, and afterwards a man named Matt Cook and I took out a larger supply and some mining equipment. Cook having half a ton on a two horse dray and I a like weight on a dray drawn bv six bullocks. After leaving Athorn's we went down by Pyke's homestead and crossing Doctors Creek below it followed the eastern bank of that stream through what is now Mr Lidgett's paddock until we reached about where the present road is. We then turned in an easterley direction and kept on until we arrived at the site where Greendale now stands, where we camped for the night near where Mr George Henry Roberts's latest store afterwards stood close to a large pool in which a servant woman in the employ of the Dale's had drowned herself a short time previously. In consequence of this tragedy the pool had received the name of the Lady's Waterhole and I did not like camping near it. On mentioning my doubts to Cook he did not seem to be perturbed and remarked philosophically 'She will not hurt you.'

The creek was not then washed out as it is now and it could be crossed easily any where. After starting next morning we kept along the left bank of the creek, over the big hill and on until what is now called the Junction was reached where we again camped for the night. Next night we made for where the prospectors were working at what is now called Golden Point above which Jackson and Dungey met us and cut a track for us through the heavy heath and undergrowth which enabled us to reach the tent at the foot of the hill close to the creek. Throughout the journey we followed the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider but as trees had to be cut and fallen timber removed to give the dray passage our progress was necessarily very slow. The news of the party's operations was soon bruited about, and a considerable rush set in in which a good many early Ballannites took part "

What is the origin of Blackwood's name? J G Saxton says ('Victoria Place Names and Their Origin") -Blackwood - Captain Blackwood of the Fly 1842 to 45.

Whether this refers to the mining settlement I am unable to say. It was undoubtedly called the Mount Blackwood diggings at the outset, being named after the mountain of that name, situated some miles to the south-east of it. The mountain seems to have been or originally named Mount Solomon by John Batman, in 1835. At the time he also named Mounts Cotterell and Connolly near Rockbank. It was subsequently called Clarke's Big Hill after Ken neth Clarke who as representative of the Great Lake Company of Van Diemen's Land came to Bacchus Marsh with sheep in 1836 and subsequently moved up to the Pentland Hills, which he named. Neither of these names held permanently. My opinion is that its present name was given to it after the Captain Blackwood mentioned by Saxton, but when, or in what circumstances, I am unable to say. Perhaps some readers may know. - Yours &c.,
JAMES H. WALSH. Ballan, Sept. 12.

Charles Shuter took charge of the funds for the C. of E. church and school
But in the Reid case against Chapman for wages, justly failed to rule.

The miners here at Blackwood displayed great propriety;
The lawless learned to fear the Mutual Protection Society.

Parcels sent daily from Melbourne, miners could expect to get
Thanks to Davies of the Southern Cross, Crossman and the "Estaffette".

Gold not extracted by batteries and amalgamation
Was for the miners a major frustration;
Gold not extracted was the miners' loss
So they were excited by the scheme of Bryce Ross. (P.2, Argus, 15-11-1855.)

Fifty odd Chinese came to Blackwood in late 1855,
Advance guard of many more to arrive. (1)
Another posse came on the fifth of October;
They were busy as bees so they must have stayed sober.(2)

"Look at those Chinese, with cradle and dish
They work the old stuff; find as much as they wish.
An Englishman claims he is equal to half a dozen Chinese;
If he works like them,we'll need no immigration decrees." (3)

By legislation with the effect of a picket:
Ten pounds to get in, a Chinese Protection Ticket.(4)
Some ship masters had another thought,
"Why not dump them at Westernport?"(5)

"Oh,ye oblique-eyed, sober, grinning exiles from the flowery land,
The consternation you cause Teutons, you fail to understand." (6)
The new English Bogy the writer thought dumb;
The Mt Blackwood correspondent just said they had come.

By May '61, 250 Chinese were on the Blackwood alluvial,(7)
But relations were not always convivial;
Ah Slang was charged with stealing copper plates at Simmons Reef.
Found not guilty, he said he knew the thief.(8)

At Kangaroo Flat, the Chinese cut away a dam that Europeans built
In 1857. Did it rob them of water? Did they feel no guilt?
A battle royal ensued; cuts, bruises, a broken hand the worst fate
And the matter would go to the magistrate. (9)

1.P6,Argus,12-12-1855. 2. P.4, Argus, 16-10-1856. 3.P.7,Argus, 23-11-1855. 4.P.5, Argus,9-10-1855.
5. Lime Land Leisure. Finding that it was too far to the diggings,many became the first fishermen at Flinders and burnt lime near Sorrento. The Captain would make 10 pounds per Celestial dumped because the landing fee would have been included in the fare. The Government increased its scrutiny of Westernport to stop this practice. 6. P.5,Argus,5-9-1856. 7. P.6,Argus,7-5-1861. 8. P.6,Argus,18-8-1863.
9. P.5,Argus,13-10-1857.

William Happer Fleming, a small provision store at Mt Blackwood did hold,
After two or three years searching for gold;
He had a 6 roomed cottage and a half acre of land
But the deeds were now in his creditor's hand.(P.6, Argus, 11-3-1856.)

R.S.Agnew & Co. of Williamstown was financially unsound;
G.F.Agnew and Eades had a branch store at Blackwood and lost over 400 pound. (P.7, Argus, 18-4-1856.)

Charles and Frederick Long, merchants and storekeepers of Blackwood St, Melbourne North,
To try their luck on the Blackwood diggings boldly ventured forth.
But their hopes of a fortune were soon to fade,
Due to losses in mining and depression in trade.(P.5, Argus,8-1-1859.)

John Martin,confident,athletic and strong,
Despite his mates' advice, saw nothing wrong
With risky stunts being flirty.
He had a wife and child and was aged about 30.

At Ure's 200 foot deep shaft
At Simmon's Reef, he was being daft.
He swung on a rope down ten feet;
Climbed hand over hand his trick to complete.

Then he swung down 50 feet, death to defy,
But suddenly there came a cry.
That was the end of the dare-devil's life;
John made a widow of his wife. (P.4, Argus, 5-4-1860.)

Was he the son of the inventor,
John Stanworth Martin, who was the centre
Of attention at Simmon's Reef when first was seen
"The Nonpareil" his quartz- crushing machine? (P.6, Argus, 14-5-1861.)

Was Christopher Martin related to either John?
Due to Philip Marello his life was gone,
Murdered at Mount Blackwood in 1855;
The villain at Tarrengower or Jim Crow thought to arrive. (P.5, Argus, 14-11-1855.)

(Tarrengower=Maldon, Jim Crow=Franklinford. The dare-devil's family was Irish and another Martin family at Blackwood was from Cornwall.)

When a correspondent said that Blackwood's population was less
Another would claim it was more.
The first would ask the second to confess
That he was the owner of a store.

If Blackwood was seen to be losing its gloss
Storekeepers faced a gigantic loss.
Buyers for their goods would never be found;
After paying for cartage 2000 pounds.

It was Solomon who'd so spent 2000 quid;
He was slandered by Moss who flipped his lid
When Solomon tried to sell his Blackwood store
To Moss's brother with debts of this amount or more.(P.5, Argus, 25-9-1855.)

(Some other storekeepers will appear in "INSOLVENCY".)

Fred Willett and Rob Woolland ran stores at Golden Point.
Thomas Jones and Caesar Kaiser healed ills internal or in a joint.
There were five hotels: Scheele's Lergederg, the Great Britain (Holland and Forder),
Gregory's, Edward's Bull and Mouth, and the Golden Point with Levy keeping order.


Mornington really comes to life on Wednesdays when the famous Main St market is held weekly. Although the car parking provision is far better than what exists at most shopping strips, you need to get there early on a pleasant Wednesday. Like Sorrento, Mornington has many historic buildings, but Wednesday is not the day to see them. The thing I like best about the market is listening to Chris sing at the Empire St mall and watching the portrait artist from near Westernport at work on her masterpieces.

I love music and several buskers spread out along Main Street.It's nice to hear good singers without the endless chatter and voting off that goes on in T.V. talent shows. A new group, was performing near the Grand Hotel today and I had to stop for a listen. They were so good I had to buy a C.D. The girl could match any female vocalist I have ever heard and I am very fussy. While I was listening, I was looking at the Grand...and, you know what I'm like.

Mornington was originally known as Schnapper Point in the early days, and like Rosebud was mainly inhabited by fishermen. The fish population in the bay was declining by 1877 and the use of small mesh nets in the first decade of the 1900's brought protests from local fishermen such as William Ferrier (subject of a journal.) However the Hutchins family of Mornington managed to make a living for decades after most professional fishermen had turned to other occupations or areas.

It was gazetted as a township in 1861, as was the township of Osborne* which straddled the mouth of Balcombe Creek.Osborne was expected to be the main settlement, so like William's Town (shortly after Batman and Fawkner's feud started) it was royally named. Osborne was Queen Victoria's seaside residence on the Isle of Wight and the streets were named after her children, Helena, Augusta, Maude etc. Osborne was not a great success but little Schnapper Point received a gift that aided its development, the jetty. (*That is according to the Moorooduc parish map. The following seems to indicate this is wrong.)

To Follow tho Government Land Sale. Important Sale by Auction of Shelburne House,
The Residence of Robert Byrne, Esq. Schnapper Point, Fronting the Bay.To Precede the Sale of 70 One-Acre Allotments, in the same Township.
WM. TENNENT and Co. are instructed by the proprietor, Robert Byrne, Esq., to SELL by public AUCTION, at their rooms, on Tuesday, 10th inst.,Immediately after tho Government Land Sale of Property at Osborne,
The substantially-built house, in the fast-rising township of Schnapper Point, known as Shelburne House,
delightfully situated fronting tho Esplanade and Bay,and within one mile of the pier.
The property comprises two acres of ground, on which is erected a very commodious house of five rooms, detached kitchen, with very largo verandah ; also an outhouse, nearly finished, capable of being made into four rooms, together with coach-house, stabling, fowl-house, piggeries, &c, with tank holding over 10 000 gallons of rain-water, and tho whole is most substantially fenced in.

The township of Schnapper Point is rapidly advancing. A substantial stone pier, of some 300 feet, has been built; a steamer runs regularly near this very property, and, in the course of a year or so, there is no doubt that this township will become the most favorite resort near Melbourne.

On New Year's Day, 1857, two steamers took excursion parties to Schnapper Point (P.1, Argus 30-12-1856, Steam-ship Advertisements.)One must presume that the passengers were rowed ashore.

SCHNAPPER POINT.-A large and influential meeting of tho shareholders and inhabitants of Schnapper Point and neighbourhood was held at the Tanti Hotel on Saturday, the 28th of March last, to take steps to expedite the formation of tho jetty at Schnapper Point. A. B, Balcombe, Esq., J. P., in the chair. After a few introductory remarks from the Chairman, stating tho object of the meeting, and the report of the Chief Engineer laid before the Legislative Assembly this session on the projected harbour and jetty at Schnapper Point having been read, and the necessity of obtaining an answer from Government respecting their intentions with regard to the proposed works considered, the following resolutions were proposed to the meeting, and carried unanimously ; First: Proposed by Mr. Henry Howard, and seconded by Mr. John Barrett
" That it is the opinion of this meeting that, | steam communication being now established between this place and Melbourne, a jetty becomes absolutely necessary, to prevent the place from retrograding from the want of
proper landing accommodation."
Second. Proposed by R. Byrne, Esq.,and seconded by Mr.John Carruthers :-" That the following gentlemen do form a deputation to wait upon the Honourable the Commissioner of Public Works, to explain to him the urgent necessity of carrying out the jetty at Schnapper Point, and for which the sum of 4,600 has been placed upon the estimates for 1857, and to request Government support for the above object; and that the following gentlemen be asked by the chairman to form such deputation for that purpose:-W. J. T. Clarke, Esq., M.L.C. ; Captain Anderson, M.L.A.; J. T Smith, Esq, M.L.A. ; the Mayor of Melbourne,F. J. Sargood, Esq.. M.L.A.; A.B. Balcombe , Esq., J.P.; Captain Cole; S. Cowderoy, Esq.; j J. Armstrong, .Esq.; E. Lintott, Esq.; S. Toynbec, Esq. ; and the mover." (P.6, Argus, 2-4-1857.)

Robert Byrne, an auctioneer, was later a trustee of Mt Martha Park and a meeting chaired by Balcombe expressed its disgust that he had Sam Sherlock stripping wattle bark in the park, which was originally reserved as a site for the Governor's seaside mansion. See the advertisement re Shelburne above (in italics.) Balcombe (to whom the water fountain in the Empire St Mall is dedicated)had a Run earlier which included the township site and called his pre-emptive right "The Briars" after the family estate where the family had befriended Napolean Boneparte. Big Clarke may have had part of Jamieson's Special Survey by this time or he may have been looking after the interests of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Amazingly I could find no notice regarding the Hearn-Clarke wedding on trove and found Big Clarke's obituary via google.
Mr W. J. T. Clarke, whose name has been almost a household word with Victorian colonists for many years past as the richest man in Australia [he was generally known as "Big Clarke"], died at his residence, Roseneath, Essendon, yesterday afternoon, at 20 minutes to 2 o'clock, in the 73rd year of his age. etc.
(P.6, The Brisbane Courier, 24-1-1874.) The obituary makes no mention of James Hearn but Lenore Frost's HISTORIC HOUSES OF ESSENDON did. Lenore stated that Big Clarke had died at Roseneath, the residence of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Roseneath was later the home of William Salmon who donated Salmon Reserve to the council and after whom Salmon St (Melway 28 G1)was named. James Hearn bought about 2800 acres from the Crown on 26-2-1856 (Mt Martha between Bay St and Hearn Rd and 1404 acres as far east as Tubbarubba, adjoining Jamieson's Special Survey.)

On 6-4-1891, Fred Simpson (of Seaview at Red Hill) started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occasions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!

(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assembly for St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)
J.T.Smith is the subject of one of my journals J.T.SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS. Smith,who came from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission on Melbourne's botanical gardens site, soon turned to business. He built Melbourne's oldest surviving residence (google Muzza of McCrae to see the photo) and the Ascot House in Fenton St, Ascot Vale. He was also the grantee of Crown allotment 19 Moorooduc,whose north east boundary was Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd, and built a house called Nyora.
After his death it became the residence of Henry Slaney and, soon after his death,the Ranelagh estate. A new history board near the J.T.Smith Reserve and monument, discusses the Burley Griffin- designed estate.

Henry Howard,publican of Schnapper Point, had insolvency problems in 1863 and was thanked by the acclimatisation society for sending them a native bear in 1864. The 1863 problem probably damaged his standing but it was completely destroyed when he committed a double murder at the Frankston Hotel in 1875.

To the Editor of the Argus.
Sir,-The mercantile community of Melbourne will never, surely, allow such an old and esteemed colonist as Captain Cole to set sail for England without some public demonstration of the respect and esteem he is held in by all classes of the colonists. No time is to be lost, as report says, the stern old Captain sails in the Eagle.
You will oblige by allowing this suggestion a small niche m your valuable journal.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
A MERCHANT. Melbourne, 10th May, 1855.

It would not surprise me to find that Big Clarke was a good friend of Benjamin Cowderoy. He probably received a good valuation for the required portions of his estates at Rockbank and Sunbury/Clarkefield.

Benjamin Cowderoy, Esq., and Robert Hepburn, Esq., to be valuators and arbitrators for the lands required for the Melbourne and Murray River, and Geelong and Ballaarat Bailways. (P.5, Argus, 21-8-1858.) Benjamin might have already bought some land at Schnapper Point for his small investors. He had a proposal for Geelong, where this meeting was held, and where the jetty had recently been lengthened.
VICTORIA FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY The meeting, of the Victoria Freehold Land Society, held at the Masonic Hall on Friday evening, was well attended; His Worship the Mayor presided until other engagements compelled him to leave, when the Chair was taken by the Rev. A. Love. A deputation from Melbourne, consisting of S. M. South, Esq., J. Houston, Esq., and B. Cowderoy, Esq., were in attendance, the latter of whom (the managing director of the society) read the following half yearly report of proceedings which had been presented to the members at Melbourne.(P.5, Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer, 16-10-1854.)

The election of a member to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Hood, took place this day. There was only one candidate nominated, namely Captain Cole, who was proposed by Mr. Hull and seconded by Mr. Hammill. There being no opposition, the Returning Officer declared Captain Cole duly elected. (P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 29-9-1859.)

ELECTION.-I hereby give notice that at the Election held by me on this day tho election fell by show of hands on Captain W. A. D. Anderson, on whom I therefore declared the election to have fallen, and a poll having been demanded I declared the polling will take place on the 21st day of the present month of October, commencing at Nine o'clock a m., and closing at Four o'clock p.m., on the same day, at the following-named places, viz. :-At Eltham, Anderson's Creek, and Yan Yean In tho Electoral Division of Evelyn, and at Eummemering near the Dandenong Bridge and at Schnapper Point, In the Division of Mornington.
A.B.BALCOMBE, Returning Officer. 10th October, I856. (P.8, Argus, 13-10-1856.)

This site was purchased by Alex Balcombe, Edward Lintott and Harry Goodall (church trustees) from John Armstrong for 70 who donated the money back to the church building fund.(St Peter's C of E church, No 7, Mornington Historic Walk.)

the Grand Esplanade, at Schnapper Point. Apply to S. Toynbec, solicitor, 4 Collins-street west.
(P.8, Argus, 25-6-1858.)

Dromana residents were hopping mad that Schnapper Point, with a smaller population, had a jetty while busting Dromana (supplying timber from Arthurs Seat for railways, jetties and firewood, as well as wattle bark and possibly green granite from McCrae)did not. (You'll have to read the article on trove.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 29 October 1858 p 4 Article
... JETTY AT DROMANA, NEAR SCHNAPPER POINT. Yesterday, at 12 o'clock, a deputation of severa ... had a much larger popula- tion than Schnapper Point, a store and post 1 oftic'o were already erected, ... of a jetty at the) forruor place. The deputation, whioh was In- troduced by the Hon. J. B. Bennett, ... 1340 words

However, Dromana finally got its pier too and, at the urging of Peter Pidoto, it was extended into deeper water. Trading between the two places became easier and the tourist trade helped both towns to grow.
MR S.P. Townsend has sold the Enid, which has been used this last eighteen months for trading between Mornington, Dromana, and Melbourne, to go to the South Sea Islands. The Hunnah Moore, a larger boat, has replaced the Enid. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 17-4-1909.)

Direct communication with Melbourne by water is now being arranged for. "The Enid" which was used last year between Mornington and Melbourne, has been sold by Mr. J. G. Aikman M.L.C. to Mr. S. P. Townsend. Mr. R. Parry has leased the boat again, and the first trip will be made this week. Arrangements are being made with the fruitgrowers of Red Hill to call at Dromana for cargo.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-5-1907.)

TOWNSEND.-On the 22nd November, Cadet Philip Mervyn Maunsell Townsend, aged 16, beloved eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Townsend, of Mornington. He was lost with his ship, the t.s.s. Aparima, torpedoed by a German sub-
marine. (P.11, Argus, 15-12-1917.)

It is possible that S.P.Townsend was descended from John Townsend (b. 1840, d.1918), a very early pioneer of Dromana and grantee in 1885 of 150 acres at Rosebud where his son James was born (31C and 30B, Wannaeue, at Melway G 4-6 roughly.) John was building a slaughteryard at Dromana for H.W.B.C. Wilson in 1904 when Wilson's young son was dragged from a nearby waterhole by his father, unfortunately too late. John Townsend brought the lad back to life using mouth to mouth,the earliest use of this resuscitation method I have come across on trove.A relationship to John, who was familiar with the Red Hill area from very early times, might explain the desire to help the Red Hill fruitgrowers who waited nearly two decades for a railway. The Townsend name seems to be first associated with Mornington in 1898.

The Grand Coffee Palace was designed and built by architect William Pitt for Mr. Cornelius Crowley in 1892. Opulent coffee palaces sprang up across Australia in the 1880's in response to the temperance movement which sought to promote alcohol free hotels. Crowley owned the Cricketers Arms Hotel next door and shortly after the opening of the Grand, he transferred the liquour license from the Cricketer's Arms to the Grand. The Grand Hotel was a two story brick building with a central tower. Originally a carriage way went through to the rear with stables to the west side and accommodation built over the stables. The hotel undertook extensive renovations in 1978. In the lounge Bar off Main Street original brickwork can be seen and throughout the rooms on the ground floor a display of photographs of early Mornington lines the walls.

A landmark in the Peninsula district for more than 60 years, the tower on the Grand Hotel, Mornington, is to be demolished. As it has been noticed swaying dangerously in high winds, it has been declared unsafe. At one time the tower served as a guide to mariners, and is still used by yachtsmen and fishermen as a land mark.
(P.3, Argus,16-7-1948.)


1905 L. J.O.BOWMAN
1948 O. MR. MADDEN
1953 L. ALLAN DOWNES (RE SHIRLEY COLLINS CASE.) Incidentally, the George Bishop Reserve containing the playground near the Dromana Pier is named after the Dromana policeman, a recipient of the Police Valour Medal, who was involved in this case.

James Ogilvie Bowman, former proprietor of the Grand, had a two week stay in Mornington in 1907 after returning from New Zealand, but after keeping a hotel in Shepparton and then moving to the Rising Sun in Melbourne, after saying he was going out of his mind, he committed suicide in 1908.(Summary of two articles I had corrected and pasted but accidentally deleted.)


Frustrated that edits to my SAFETY BEACH resulted in the OH NOES page when I clicked submit, I decided to find out when the Osbornes arrived in Dromana. George Wilson was supposed to have died at Osborne House, Dromana, which was probably an error because Osborne House was in Mt Martha.(George was a pioneer in the parishes of Flinders and Balnarring and probably the son of Sarah Wilson, an early settler on the Survey, who is discussed in my DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY journal.

Osborne was also an early township in the part of Mt Martha north of Balcombe Creek, named after Queen Victoria's seaside residence and with streets named after her daughters, such as Augusta. That's when I was led astray, finding out that the Esplanade (through Safety Beach) to Dromana was first proposed in 1910, that Mr Holden of Dromana was an early preacher at Frankston Methodist Church, and soon afterwards, that F.Holden was a true friend of John McLear. Then I found out that the true friend was Mrs Frances Holden who was, like Mrs Fred Warren*, a long-time widow in the township. I didn't find out that they were neighbours, Colin McLear had already told me that through his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
(* WARREN.-On the 20th October, at Dromana, Frederick Warren, the beloved husband of Janet Warren. (P.1, Argus, 4-11-1919.)

The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St,the part of present day Dromana to the east, and extending to Boundary Rd, being Section 1 of the parish of Kangerong. On the coast side of the freeway were crown allotments 1-8 of section 1. C/A 1, triangular with Arthur St as its eastern boundary, was granted to William Dixon Scurfield, who built the Scurfield Hotel(later the Arthurs Seat Hotel and burnt down in 1897) between Permien and Foote St in the Township. C/A 8, granted to Nelson Rudduck's father, Samuel,was almost triangular, except that its boundary was Ponderosa Place rather than the freeway near Pt Nepean Rd. All the other allotments were rectangular with a frontage of 200 metres, except the Dromana Hub site which went only 180 metres west from Pier St. William Grace, who received the grant for "Gracefield" in 1857, bought four of the six rectangular blocks.

Crown allotment 5, of 36 acres and 25 perches, commenced 200 metres north east of Pier St, its frontage being another 200 metres. (The Dromana hotel is right in the north west corner of Allotment 5.) It was granted to Alex P. Thompson,who had sold off two one acre frontage blocks by 1864, the year of the oldest available Kangerong Road Board assessment. Before I deal with the assessments,let's turn to page 79 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

" HOLDEN (1864) had been a miner and came from the goldfields to build a store in Dromama. This stood approximately on the corner of what is now Carrigg St. The verandah in the fashion of this time was low and shoppers stooped to pass under it. He also had a slab hut hard by. Here Peter Pidota's men were quartered. At one time, Robert Rowley and his wife, later of Rye, lived there when he was working loading craft for Peter."
1.The name appeared in George McLear's account book in 1864.
2. I searched for Pidota on trove and found not one reference. Colin McLear and practically every rate collector gave the surname as Pidota. So did Isobel Moresby in ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, with a twist.
'Among the craft which carried timber, firewood,wattle bark and so on to Little Dock in Melbourne was old Antonio Pidota's "Little Angelina".' Isobel was probably confusing his given name with that of Antonio Bosina, a fisherman, of Rosebud. But she made no mistake with the boat's name! A search for Pidoto revealed not only his correct surname but a maritime tradition and links with Williamstown.

Sir,-I would wish through your columns to call the attention of the Government to tho urgent necessity that exists to deepen the water inside the breakwater at this jetty, as at present it is at great risk vessels lay there to load or discharge cargo. On Saturday last the Little Angelina, only drawing 5ft. of water, bumped heavily through the sea that was on.

Taking into consideration the growing importance of Dromana as a watering-place, it behoves the Government to give this matter their immediate attention, and thus enable the residents here to get their goods loaded and discharged at any time by any vessels of a moderate draught of water.
-Yours, &C.,PETER PIDOTO. Dromana, July 2.(P.5, Argus, 4-7-1883.)

A message from Flinders (Vic.) says.-The wrecked ketch Little Angelina on Phillip Island shore is still hold ing together. She is right up on the rocks, and at low tide can be discerncd from Flinders, distant across the bay about five miles. There does not appear to be much hope of getting her afloat. It is not known here whether any steps are likely to be taken with this object. Tho Little Angelina belonged formerly to the late Mr. Pidoto, of Dromana, and was a regular trader between Dromana and Melbourne.
(P.10, Sydney Morning Herald, 17-6-1899.)

PIDOTO.-Mrs. Pidoto, Clifton Hill, has been informed that her son, Gunner J. Pidoto, who was mentioned in despatches, and was awarded the Military Medal for conspicuous bravery, has been wounded in the chest, and left arm, and is returning to Australia. Before enlisting Gunner Pidoto was a linesman in the post-office in South Australia. He has been on active service for two and a half years. (P.6, Argus, 7-2-1918.)

Has itellya gone completely mad (like Ken Bruce)? Clifton Hill, South Australia? Why not throw in Balmain too,to make the joke complete?
N.B. 3. Robert Rowley was not "later of Rye". He and Henry Cadby Wells were, with the exception of Robert's widowed mother and her second husband, Richard Kenyon (and possibly Captain Adams of Rosebud)the first permanent settlers on the Mornington Peninsula, lime-burning together in the Sorrento area in 1840 and crayfishing together from 1849. Robert married Christine Edwards from Longford in Tasmania in 1859 and probably went to Dromana soon after.He signed the petition of 1861 asking that Robert Dublin Quinan's school be chosen for the Common School. James Holden and Sarah, George and Robert Wilson were some others who signed.

In 1864, detail was scant but Richard Watkin had a 12 roomed house (the Dromana Hotel), Alex (Collop?)had an impressive 3 roomed house (nett annual value 30 pounds) and (stores?)and Peter Pidota(sic)had a house and store (N.A.V. 30 pounds.) In 1865, the details for Pidoto and Watkin were the same but Connop(or whatever!)was missing and Alex Haldan, who had not been assessed previously, had 1 acre and a 6 roomed house, N.A.V. 25 pounds.All of these properties were on crown allotment 5 of section 1, and almost certainly the 17 acres on which Edward Burgess was assessed in 1865, along with a hut. Connop and Haldan were probably leasing from James Holden. The hotel would have made the vicinity the ideal place for stores.

James Holden died in about 1874 so we would not expect him to appear in the 1879 rates re crown allotment 5.Peter Pidota (sic),mariner, had 17 acres,possibly bought from Burgess. The Dromana Hotel and its associated17 acres seems to have been forgotten by the rate collector. John McLear, laborer, was assessed on 2 acres. It is likely John combined fishing with any work that was available. With Harry Copp,Fred Vine and Jonah Griffith,he was one of Dromana's four professional fishermen.

Forgetting the 25 perches, crown allotment 5 (and its 36 acres 25 perches) is fully accounted for (17 acres Pidoto, 17 acres pub, 2 acres McLear.)I believe that John was paying Francis Holden's rates for her. John had married Janet Cairns from Boneo in 1874.The 1900 assessment was the sort of effort that later had Cr Terry fuming. John McLear was assessed on one acre; no mention was made of the 17 acres associated with the Dromana hotel or the late Peter Pidoto's 17 acres.

The 1910 rates weren't much better. Still no mention of Frances Holden. Mrs Pidoto must have sold her 17 acres to G.S.Edwards who was running the Dromana Hotel (whose 17 acres weren't mentioned);the occupier was W.E.Thompson but Mrs Pidoto of Clifton Hill was paying the rates.

In 1919, Lou Carrigg was assessed on:
17 acres and hotel, part c/a 5, section 1, N.A.V.150pounds;
16 acres, part c/a 5 section 1, N.A.V. 15 pounds.
If I remember correctly he bought the other 17 acres soon after arriving in about 1914.
Mrs Frances Holden paid rates on 1 acre and buildings, Esplanade, part c/a5, section 1.

The 34 acres behind the hotel became one of Dromana's two racecourses, (the other being north of Dromana Secondary College) and also served as the footy ground until about 1927 when Spencer Jackson sold it as the Foreshore Estate. John McLear's son Nip lived in his father's house till the end of his life. It was demolished to make way for extensions to the Dromana Hotel.

And by the way,Mrs Pidoto's address was given as Balmain , N.S.W. in an assessment but I can't find it.

McLEAR. - On the 16th June, at his residence,Dromana, John, beloved husband of the late Janet McLear, and loving father of Mrs Wilson (Boneo), Mrs Pentecost (Mornington), George (Wagga), Jack, Mrs A. Griffiths, Mrs McDonald (Abbotsford), Lily, late Harry (A.I.F.), James (A.I.F., returned); true friend of F. Holden, Dromana, aged 72 years 11 months. Colonist 72 years. "Thy will be done." (P.1, Argus, 18-6-1918.)
(Mr Wilson was a cousin of Godfrey Wilson. The Pentecosts were Mornington pioneers and a family member was appointed to take care of the Schnapper Point jetty light in 1863.)

OBITUARY CENTENARIAN PASSES. The death of Mrs Frances Holden, probably the Peninsula's only centenarian, occurred at her residence at Dromana on Monday. Had she lived until October, Mrs Holden would have reached the age of 102 years. With her husband, she settled in Dromana 82 years ago and had lived there ever since. She came from Sussex, England, when a young girl. In her younger days she took an active part in movements for the advancement of the district. A good horsewoman, she used to join parties that went out hunting kangaroos. Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery where the remains were interred beside those of her husband who died about 60 years ago. The burial service was read by the Rev.A.F. Falconer. Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 25-8-1934.)

Mrs. Frances Holden who was a widow, aged 101 years has died at Dromana. She had lived in a cottage near the Hotel Dromana for very many years and had a store of reminiscences of her experiences with the blacks in the early days. (P.8,Argus, 23-8-1934.)

Mrs Holden, the oldest resident of the Mornington Peninsula, has died aged 102 years. Mrs Holden arrived from England when aged 14 years. She was in Melbourne when it was a canvas town, and she went to Ballarat in the early gold mining days with her husband, who was a mining engineer. She remembered having ridden down Sturt street, Ballarat, with mud almost up to her horse's girth. Mrs Holden is said to have been the first white woman at Dromana. (P.20, Argus, 25-8-1934.)

HOLDEN.On the 30th August (passed peacefully away), at Dromana, Frances Isabell, widow of the late James Holden, aged 101 years. -At rest.(P.1, Argus, 21-8-1934.)

EARLY HISTORY. The pioneer and founder of the Methodist Church at Frankston was Mrs. Potts' father, the late Mr. John Carr. He arrived in Frankston. about 1856 or 7 and lived in the village for a time; later he started, farming. Early in 1860 he felt the necessity for a place of worship, such occasional services as were conducted, were held in the common school; so he set to work collected money, bought material and superintended the erection of a house of prayer; helping with his own labor. When finished he held services with the help of a few Christian people and a preacher named Mr Holden, who lived at Dromana. (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 19-9-1931.)

You may wonder how I have such detailed knowledge of crown allotment 5, section 1, Kangerong. When I felt that more information had to be made available about the peninsula and its pioneers in August 2010 and started my research, I was concerned mainly with Rosebud. When I found that Captain Adams gave William Edwards a loan of about 200 pounds with only a 2 acre block as security and that Edwards had a hotel in 1888 that seemed to be described as being in Dromana, I started researching the Dromana hotels in ratebooks.

It wasn't easy because hotels were described as houses and then as buildings. However I worked out that the Dromana Hotel was associated with 17 acres of land and Scurfield's hotel with 5 town lots. This information, combined with nett annual values helped me to confirm the transition of owners and occupiers.Once I saw Peter Pidoto's 17 acres specified as being in crown allotment 5 , the picture was complete because I had already suspected that the other two acres of c/a 5, section 1 were Holden's and John McLear's from reading A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

I had spoken to Ray Stella about the Dromana Hotel before I started my examination of every year's assessment of the two hotels (from 1864 to 1898 for the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat and until 1919 for the Dromana) and he told me that John Coleman had died at the Dromana hotel after he had sold it and was about to move out.Ray showed me an internal brick wall, (probably an external wall in Watkin's original hotel) that was left intact when Lou Carrigg did his renovation circa 1927.

Ray was so interested in the hotel's history, I said I'd write a brief summary of what I discovered. When I gave it to him in late 2010, he said it would make a good place mat. Today (20-2-2013), I saw the laminated place mat for the first time and it looks great. It has a photo of the hotel in each corner: Watkin's, two from the Rose Series, and a present day shot. He left out "To be pedantic" at the start of "Watkin should have called it the Kangerong Hotel." but the meaning is made clear in the following sentence about the township's location.Ray has included my information about the Scurfield hotel and the racetrack (that Melbourne Brindle and his siblings were instructed to keep away from)and added his involvement from 1986 until today. As a clincher, he mentions that Prime Minister John Curtin lived at the hotel as a boy when his father managed it! My copy is going on the wall and I suspect that many customers will follow suit.



As explained in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, special surveys were thought of to save the colony of South Australia. I won't delve into Wakefield but that colony was founded with the aim of attracting the better class of citizen by having a higher upset(reserve) price for land. This resulted in many people landing in Adelaide but going to the Port Phillip District (Victoria) to buy land. The Sheehans of Red Hill, near Dromana and one of the Blackwood pioneers were two documented cases of this migration.

To create a level playing field for South Australia which had a similar scheme, Special Surveys of considerable size were obtainable at a pound per acre and often displaced squatters. Big Clarke's Special Survey displaced the Jackson brothers at Sunbury and George Evans was left with only his pre-emptive right at Emu Bottom. Dendy at Brighton and Elgar near Box Hill were two other well-known special survey purchasers. The scheme was short-lived and was actually scrapped in 1841 before Hugh Jamieson took possession of Jamieson's Special Survey but Governor Gipps had not received notification.

Hugh Jamieson did not displace a squatter.Edward Hobson had moved from the Kangerong run to the Tootgarook Run before 1841. He had probably ridden along today's Bayview Rd (Hobson's Flat Road circa 1906)looking for cattle which had strayed from his Kangerong Run or spoken to the master of a lime craft forced onto a sandbar near Safety Beach (just as John Aitken had been stranded in March, 1836 when the Chile ran aground off Arthurs Seat.) However it came about, Hobson found out about lime-burning and established a kiln near Marks Avenue, just west of Boneo Rd. This gave him a dependable income, as Melbourne badly needed mortar,but better pasture may have been another reason for his move. Perhaps too he was a bit of a nomad. Not too much later he was on the move again, probably leaving James and Peter Purves to manage Tootgarook, to manage his brother's run in Gippsland, which he gave a native name related to rivers that has been corrupted to Traralgon.

Jamieson's Special Survey consisted of 5280 acres and had the same north and south boundaries as Safety Beach, with Bulldog Creek Rd being its eastern boundary. Strangely the naming of that partly closed Government road (a boundary between the parishes of Kangerong and Balnarring) has nothing to do with dogs; it most likely came from miners on the Tubbarubba diggings who were bitten by bulldog ants. Where Dunns Creek Rd now diverts south east the road used to continue to Myers Rd, on which Bittern Station was situated. The two now-closed roads formed a junction (the south east corner of Jamieson's Special Survey) towards which Junction Rd continued on from the north end of Red Hill Rd.

Jamieson did not spend much time on his survey but enough to have social contact with other early settlers such as Captain Reid (on what became Balcolme's The Briars)and the McCraes on the Arthur's Seat Run. Somebody who did live there was Mrs Newby. On 15-2-1844, Captain Reid and his wife, Hugh Jamieson and Georgiana McCrae and hubby, Andrew, visited the Survey, meeting Mrs Newby and her two daughters. Mrs Newby complained of loneliness during Captain Newby's absences at sea. On 27-7-1845,Andrew told Georgiana about the three Newby children drowning. (P. 30 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Was this true? Yes!

SHIPWRECKS. LOSS OF THE MARY. By the steamer Shamrock, which arrived here on Sunday, the distressing intelligence has been received of the total wreck of the barque Mary, Captain Newby, from this port to London in Bass's Straits; and we are sorry to add that no less than seventeen of her passengers have perished. The Mary left Sydney for London on the 19th of May, having on board 69 souls, including the crew, and a very valuable cargo. It was intended by the owners that she should proceed by the usual course round Cape Horn, and the Mary stood away to the southward for that purpose, but when she was off Cape Howe, the wind being at east south-east, with every appearance of a continuance from the same quarter, Captain Newby determined to attempt the westerly passage, notwithstanding the unpromising time of the year, and accordingly stood into Bass's Straits for that purpose. On the morning of the 24th May, the Mary was off Wilson's Promontory, when the wind suddenly died away, and at 10 A. M. a strong breeze sprung up from the northwest, and gradually increased to a gale with heavy rain. Thinking he had now got into a westerly wind, the captain determined to give up the westerly passage, and accordingly bore up and ran to the southward of Sir Roger Curtis' and Kent's Groups. At 6 P. M. he estimated the ship's position to be five miles south of the body of Kent's Group, fixed her course at east by north, and having been up the two previous nights, the captain went to bed, there being then a breeze from the north- west, which was sending the ship seven knots per hour. The chief mate had the watch from 8 to 12; about 11 he called the captain, saying he thought " land was handy ;" but upon the captain going upon deck, he could not see any land, and found that it was almost a calm. Broken water, however, was soon discovered off the lee beam,and a strong current was rapidly driving the ship towards it. There was no wind to make the ship answer her helm, she refused stays and drove broadside onto the rock. She first touched on the starboard bilge, then under the fore chains, and immediately parted abaft the foremast, the bows slipping off the rock into deep water; she then struck abaft, unshipped her rudder, and the topsides floated off the bottom,over the reef into smooth water. In seven minutes from the time she struck, the ship was in pieces. The most melancholy part remains to be told. Seventeen women and children were drowned and what is most extraordinary is, that not a mast was lost. Those drowned were-three of Captain Newby's daughters; six children of Mrs. Evans; Augusta and Catherine, daughters of Captain Collins, of Illawarra ; Mrs Heather, and two children, Mrs. Grey, Mrs. Turnbull, and Sarah Foulkes, servant to Mrs. Collins. How the remainder were saved we cannot understand. Captain Newby only remarks," we were saved in the long boat in the most wonderful manner." The above parties were lost in consequence of the upsetting of the whale boat, into which they had been lowered, but it has not been ascertained how this accident occurred. The reef upon which the Mary was lost lies to the north east of a rock described in the Australian Directory as Wright's rock, about three and a half miles, and is known to the sealers who visit Furneaux's Island as the north east or deep reef. etc.
(P.3, Mornington Chronicle, Sydney, 25-6-1845.)

1846. Henry Dunn occupied the Survey for about five years, and according to Leslie Moorhead (possibly in the Osborne State School history)Hearn's grants at Mt Martha, the two properties being jointly known as the Mt Martha Sheep Station.Henry later received grants for "Four Winds" (south corner of White's Hill and McIlroys Rd at Red Hill and crown allotments 14, 15, 10 and 9 in the parish of Moorooduc, on the south side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd between Dunns Rd and Balcombe Creek and extending halfway to Bentons rd.

1851. After Dunn's lease ended, agents were appointed and many families which were to make their mark around Dromana settled on the Survey. Worried about their run being gobbled up by the proposed Dromana Township, the McCraes had sold their lease to the Burrells. Most of the parish of Kangerong was still probably part of the run, which is why the first settlers were on the Survey.Watson Eaton and the Griffith family from America farmed together. The McLears, Pattersons (possibly later of Fingal, and the Survey again), Clydesdales, Gibsons,Henry Wilson (later changing from bullocky to butcher),the Connells (prominent in the parish of Moorooduc,Mornington and Red Hill) and Peateys were other tenants who come to mind.Another was William Cottier who was supposed to have established the Rye Hotel in Dromana in 1859 and transferred the licence to Tootgarook (about a mile east of White Cliff) leading to that township being renamed Rye.

Most of the children of these families attended a school not far south of the Wallaces Rd corner, which is discussed in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, (as well the tenants mentioned, in great detail!)

WHO HAD WHAT.(Rate Records.)
By the time of the first Kangerong Road Board assessment,many of the early Survey tenants had moved on. Mary Ann McLear (Graves' partner in the hawking business) had left The Willow and bought Maryfield across the road. Hawker, Charles Graves had opened a store at Shoreham and soon acquired over 300 acres in the parish of Flinders. Sarah Wilson, her sons and son-in-law (Young, Johnson>Johnstone) had moved to the west side of Shoreham Rd near Shands Rd,and the Connells had established Nag Hill between Old Moorooduc and Balnarring Rds. Peter Watson could have arrived after the 1865 assessment; his children were delivered by Susan Peatey on the survey in 1867 and 1869. In 1895 he was granted 171 acres just south of Arthurs Seat Rd between Purves and Main Creek Rds. William Marshall (detailed above) may have been the groom who tried to prevent the murder of John McLear outside Bundoora's Plough Inn and may have accompanied Mary Ann to Kangerong and may have been a grantee in the Red Hill Village Settlement in the 1890's.

3-9-1864.W.J.T.(Big) Clarke 2760 acres (i.e. untenanted); Joseph Clark N.A.V. 2 pounds; Charles Dyson, house and garden, N.A.V. 6 pounds; Watson Eaton, 100 acres, 20 cultivated,large house and garden; Abraham Griffiths (sic) no details,N.AV. 35 pounds;Henry ?, house and 20 acres; Walter Gibson hut and 36 acres; John Gibson hut and 80 acres 20 cultivated; William Marshall 2 roomed hut and 70 cres; James Mitchell hut; Charles Ray house and 1000 acres, fenced; Louis Edward (sic) Tassell house and 1000 acres (leased from Big Clarke who had not yet sold the Brokil Estate to Bruce); Henry Wilson hut.

1865.Charles Dyson had a 2 roomed house and 59 acres but my notes do not specify the Survey.Watson Eaton 210 acres and 4 roomed house; Abraham Griffiths- no details; Thomas Farnby 14 acres, 1 roomed house (survey not specified); Walter Gibson 249 acres and 2 roomed house; William Marshall 60 acres, 2 roomed house;Charles Ray 1000 acres and 2 roomed house; Edwin Louis Tassell 1000 acres and 2 roomed house.

1879. W.J.Clarke (Big Clarke's son) 2128 acres; George Elliman 10 acres; Rebecca Griffiths(sic)947 acres; Jonah(Dohn)Griffiths (sic)50 acres; Walter Gibson 525 acres; Charles Ray 400 acres.

1900. Despite properties in the parish of Wannaeue being fairly well described the rate collector had no idea where properties in the parish of Kangerong were. Some of the following property would have been on the survey, and although I could determine how much was,I can't spare the weeks it would take.
Alf Downward 1100 acres; John Calvin Griffith 1650 acres. Sir William Clarke (or Rupert Clarke)does not seem to have been assessed on at least 1200 acres;no wonder the Shire was soon nearly broke!

1910.James Connell farmer Mornington 238 acres, lots3-6 Bruce's; James Connell farmer Tuerong 230 acres 1, 2 Bruce's;Patrick Callaghan, Melbourne Agent, 242 acres Clarke's,12 acres 21 and 22 Bruce's, 152 acres 25 and 54 of Clarke's, 30 acres part 24 Clarke's,243 acres lot 55 Clarke's (and possibly another 593 acres with lot numbers but no mention of Clarke or Bruce); Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 Clarke's, 120 acres Clarke's,508 acres lots 16, 17 Clarke's; John Calvin Griffith 205 acres lot 9 Clarke's; Walter Gibson 528 acres lots 1, 3-8 Clarke's, 400 acres 4, 9, 9A, 10 Clarke's, 130 acres 10 of Clarke's; O.A.Kefford, inspector,126 acres,lot 20 Clarke's; R.B. and S.F.Morrow 325 acres 21 and part 24 Clarke's;Ralph Godfrey Patterson 287 acres lots 18,19 Clarke's; Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck 130 acres lot 11 Clarke's; John E.Thompson 406 acres 13, part 14 Clarke's; Godfrey Burdett Wilson 255 acres 22,23 Clarke's.

Notice how the shire's possible bankruptcy could be avoided by rating both Griffith and Gibson on lot 9 and rating Gibson twice on his bull paddock ,lot 10! Don't let this happen to you!!

1920. Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 special survey (henceforth s.s.);Herb Downward 509 acres 16,17 s.s.; William John McNabb replacing Patrick Fleming but both crossed out, 52acres lot 2 s.s.; William Gibson 659 acres lots 1, 3-8, 10 s.s.; Bertram John Davey 446 acres lot 13,part 14 s.s.; Owen E. Kefford 125 acres lot 20 s.s.; Jennings Brothers, Rye (crossed out) 280 acres lots18,19 s.s.; Perpetual Executors and Agency Co (Dutton owner) 318 acres lot 21, 24 s.s.;Cyril Smith, Mornington 468 acres lots 1, 2, 3, 6 s.s.; Mrs Maria Wilson (the former servant at Bruce's house and Godfrey's widow)254 acres lots 22, 23 s.s.;Ben Wilson (named after Ben Stenniken of course)150 acres lot 5 s.s.; Henry Burdett Coutts Wilson,Sorrento,100 acres part 5 s.s.;
Sam Wilson (named after Sam Sherlock, brother of the wife of Ben Stenniken) 180 acres part 5 s.s.

I thought I'd check how many acres were in lot 5, which was split among Ben, Henry and Sam Wilson.Guess what, lot 5 consisted of 32 acres! They were probably actually sharing lot 15, bounded by Foxeys Rd, Bulldog Creek Rd, Wallaces Rd and Bulldog Creek and consisting of 354 acres but the figures still don't add up as they total 430 acres. Perhaps the extra 76 acres were in lot 14.

Colin McLear states that the northern (roughly) 1000 acres (north of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway)was a wedding gift to his son in law and also that the recipient was of the Bruce family that produced the Australian Prime Minister. The owner of the Brokil Estate was John Vans Agnew Bruce, who was a partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built much of the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway near Keilor Road Station (Sydenham) and Sunbury in 1858. If Bruce decided the course of the railway (past the Jacksons' old homestead block where Rupertswood was later built and through Clarkefield) one might understand Big Clarke making a present of his daughter and the 1000 acres.No relationship has been proven but given Bruce's earning capacity and a shared connection with Essendon (where big Clarke died and John Bruce lived,it is possible.) Try as I may,I can find absolutely no link between the prime minister's family and John vans Agnew Bruce.
The Lease. (From my Tassell journal.)I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12.
"MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the late E.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

Henry William Wilson was a bullocky renting a hut on the Survey when he first came to the peninsula. Colin McLear said his hut was on Walter Gibson's No. 10 paddock of 125 acres. The subdivision plan of Clarke's Estate shows that lot 10 was actually 134 acres and 20 perches. It fronted the south side of Wallace's Rd and the Point Nepean Road and is indicated by Melway 160 J-K 3-4 and 161 A 3-4. According to the Female Drover, this farm was later owned by a Mr Harding.

Colin also said that Ben Stenniken was leasing land on the Survey.It was on a triangular block bounded by Nepean Highway,Moorooduc Road and the higher reaches of Tassell's Creek. This triangular block would have been north of McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 C12) and the northern boundary would have been a line joining Bruce and Foxey's Rds, the northern boundary of the survey and the parish of Kangerong. According to the Female Drover, this farm was later owned by a Mr Harding.

Ben's farm was part of Bruce's Brokil Estate, north of the line of Martha Cove Waterway. Bruce's fortune came from his involvement in the Cornish and Bruce contracting firm which built a large part of the Mount Alexander (Castlemaine) and Murray River Railway in the late 1850's. I believe I have written quite a bit about him in my ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK journal including claims that he was Big Clarke's son-in-law and that he was of the same family as the Prime Minister.

Even further away from Rye was land in the parish of Frankston on the west side of Moorooduc Rd just north of Eramosa Rd. Alexander McLellan mentioned in 1905 that the Stennikens had owned a 401 acre property at Mt Eliza for 40 years. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 28-1-1905.)

No evidence can be found that Henry William Wilson and Ben Stenniken were on the Survey at the same time but even if they weren't, Ben would have had every chance to meet up with the bullocky in 1865 as he rode between Rye and his 401 acre property at Mt Eliza. In 1865, Henry Wilson's son,Godfrey, would have been about 15 years old. Ben Stenniken's daughter, Maria, would have been 10 years old.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) By this age Godfrey had probably overcome his fear of girl germs and as any woman will confirm,Maria would have been at the same stage of emotional maturity. They married thirteen years later.N.B. John Watt of Sorrento met his future bride (little Miss Skelton) when she was only six so this suggested first meeting in 1865 is not as fanciful as it might seem!

By the 1860's, wealthy men were building seaside retreats to escape the heat and dust of Melbourne during the summer. John Thomas Smith built Nyora at Mt Eliza,there were several early holiday retreats along the Esplanade near Mornington and Duffy was soon to subdivide his grants in the parish of Nepean. The Gentlemen would bring their families down for the whole "season", which started after the social whirl of the Spring Carnival and lasted for months; the father would return to Melbourne when business matters required it. I'm sure that John Agnews Bruce did not stay in Edwin Louis Tassell's homestead near the north bank of Brokil (Tassells) Creek; he probably built a large home, on higher ground with a view, just south of his northern boundary, Ellerina Rd. The family did not "rough it" but expected the same privileged lifestyle they were used to in Melbourne and that included servants.

Maria Stenniken would work as a servant for the Bruce family during the season. She may have slept at the Bruce home or walked along the Sea Lane, after the family had dismissed her for the night, back to the triangular block mentioned earlier. It is likely that there would have been a dwelling on the block and that one of Maria's brothers stayed there with her. Maria's servant days could have started in about 1865 and lasted till 1878 when she married Godfrey Burdett Wilson.

Godfrey and Maria would have lived at Beauvoir (still standing at 8 McCulloch St, Dromana) which Godfrey had built in the 1880's. It was named after the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in London which Godfrey's father had run before they came to Australia. Godfrey died in 1919 and his widow, Maria, lived in Burdett Cottage in Heales St until her death in 1927, after which the cottage was moved onto the highway corner frontage of Karadoc to housethe bush nursing hospital. (Henry William Wilson had married Thamer Burdett, hence Godfrey's second given name and the name of the cottage.)

Stenniken is mainly mentioned in Rye and Port Melbourne histories, with grants south west of Rye Township and the north west corner of Truemans Rd at Tootgarook but the family had a strong connection with Dromana with the town being mentioned in the death notices of a Mrs and Miss Stenniken,the former living next to the Church of England (which was built with Stenniken lime!)

Land Sale at Mornington There was a good attendance at the sub-divisional sale of 4,350 acres of agricultural and grazing land situated near Dromana, held at the Mornington Mechanics' on Wednesday afternoon. The sale was conducted by Mr. Keast, M.L.A., who acted in conjunction with John Buchan and Co., and J. W. Hazeldine, on behalf of the Executrix and Executor of the Estate of the late Sir W. J. Clarke.

The land was offered in suitable blocks for closer settlement, but evidently it was considered to be unfit for that purpose by Melbourne buyers, as they were conspicuous by their absence. With the exception of a Melbourne speculator, Mr P. Callaghan, who secured 1,594 acres, mostly at low rates, the rest of the estate was purchased by local residents, of whom Messrs. Gibson (710 acres), and Downward 778 acres, were the largest purchasers. The highest price paid was 8 7s 6d per acre for 10 acres near Dromana township, the buyer being Mr.Rudduck.

The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong failed to secure the 20 acres, containing a quarry reserve. There was loud applause, when Mr. H. Griffiths' bid secured the homestead block, containing 205 acres, at 5 per acre, and the action of a Dromana man in bidding against Mr. Griffiths, and running him from 3 to 5, was regarded as a most unneighbourly thing to do. The land was sold at a price, which considering the price of land in other parts of Victoria, must be regarded as very cheap, 4,076 acres were sold at an average price of 2 4s per acre.

Mr. Keast did not waste much time over the lots, and succeeded in disposing of the Estate, with the exception of a number of frontage blocks, in under an hour. Mr. William Hewitt was present on behalf of Sir Rupert Clarke, who had sailed to England the previous day. The sales effected were as follows:
No. BLOCK Acre Rd Per Buyer Price per acre
1. 56 .1.10 W. Gibson: 3. 2. 52.0.17 P. Callagham 1 15 3. 25.o. 30 W. Gibson: .5
4. 25. 1. 3 W. Gibson 4 5. 32.0.6 W. Gibson 4 5s 6. 129. 3. 11 W. Gibson .3
7. 129.3.30 W. Gibson 2/10 8. 121.4. 34 W. Gibson 3 9. 205.1.12 H. Griffiths .5 W.Gibson 3/17/6 11. 130.1.18 N. Rudduck 2/15 12. 270. 2. 11A. Downward L1/12/6
13.307.1. 5 P.Callaghan 1 13A. 20 Qu'ry Site P. Callaghan 3 14. 532.1.0 P. Callaghan 1
15.354.2.0 P.Callaghan 1 16. 260.0.37 H Downward 1 5 17. 249. 1. 0 H. Downward 1/5/0 G.Patterson 2/10 G. Patterson 2 10 20. 125.3.0 W. Kefford 2/5/0 P.Callaghan L2/15/0 22. 127.2.37 G. B. Wilson 3 10 23. 127. 0.19 G. B. Wilson 4
24 226.3.6 P. Callaghan 3 53. 5 N.Rudduck 8/7/6 54. 5 N. Rudduck 8/7/6

For block 55, containing 242 acres, 1 was offered by Mr. H. P. Davey, but was passed in for private sale, as were 26 blocks, containing 5 acres each, with a frontage to Port Phillip Bay. For these blocks 5 , was offered, the reserve being 6. A cottage. belonging to Mrs. McNabb, of Dromana, was also offered, but failed to elicit a bid. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-4-1907.)
Griffiths should be Griffith; the family's name was often wrongly given a "s" on the end.
The quarry site was 325 metres west of where Dunns Creek Rd turns to the south with a road frontage of another 284 metres to the west. Needless to say, it was on the north side of the road. The Clarke Estate was south of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway and was bisected by Pickings and Wallaces Rds.

Billy wasn't a person. When Mr Jagger,who lived and milked a few cows on a small Survey block of about 5 acres delivered Dromana's milk,he put it into each customer's billy.

In the early 1930s much of Dromanas milk was delivered by a Mr Jagger, who had a few acres in Safety Beach, probably near Link Drive. Jagger milked a few cows himself but the bulk of his milk came from the Bournes. He would pick up their milk churns from their front gate and commence his round from there.
Between about 1935 and 1940, Mr Fenton took over the round. He had about 50 acres thought to be in the vicinity of Callas St. This was most likely James Boags old dairy by Palmerstone Ave opposite the head of Seacombe St which became the Turner Estate. (A Dreamtime of Dromana.) Once again the Bournes were his only supplier. The Fentons called their house Melrose.
Roy and Pearl Drew took over the 50 acres and the milk round in about 1940, relying on milk from the Bourne farm until the end of the war. Roy and Pearl must have had some energy left at bedtime because they had 17 children! It is likely that the Turner Estate was subdivided soon afterwards to accommodate the many young men returning from the war and making up for lost time by starting families.
Bill and Emily Bourne switched to cream production in 1945. They sold it to Mr Roberts who collected the cream cans from the front gate and took it to Moorooduc Station to be transported to Melbourne.

DROMANAS MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.) Herbert sold land to Mrs Guilfoyle and their dispute is reported on page 11 of the Argus of 21-7-1926. Herbert was a merchant of Flinders Lane. It would appear that the Lochley Chase Guest House would have occupied only a small portion of Beans original property.

Now we will look at an article on page 13 in The Argus of 27-11-1928, about nine years after the last assessment available on microfiche.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.

Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.

Dromana's first golf course is shown on Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana.
Apart from a few tournaments in 1913, the words golf and Dromana were not paired again until 1928.
A. 27-11-1928, page 13. An area was to be set aside for a golf course at Safety Beach. This article will be reproduced verbatim under the heading of SAFETY BEACH (after Dromamas Mr Bean.) A. 8-10-1929, page 13. The tower on the mountain is being repaired and a nine hole golf course is being laid out. Little did those concerned realize that the concrete tower (which the new lift company wants to demolish) was to replace the old lighthouse a little more than half a decade later. The golf course would not have been connected with the local club. It was probably another initiative of Spencer Jackson, who wrote a history of Dromana two years earlier and organized a road to the tower in this year (as the plaque he presented testifies.) While Spencer did many things to advance the town, his deeds usually also assisted sales of land in his Foreshore and Panoramic Estates. The course might have also been a project undertaken by Lawson who built The Garden of the Moon. This might be an appropriate time to mention Frank Alfred Gaylor and the hotel on Arthurs Seat. The notice of his application for a licence for the Hollywood Inn appeared on page14 of The Argus of 22-11-1937 and listed conditions.
A.5-9-1930, page 10. Nearly 70 acres have been set aside at Safety Beach for a golf course. Design is left to Mr A. Russell. It will open about the middle of December. It is possible that Mr Russell was an Essendon resident, the son of the grantee of 166 acres on the east side of Collins Rd that became part of Walter Gibsons Glenholme and the custodian of the Essendon (Moonee Ponds) Town Hall pictured on page 5 of The Argus of 9-1-1932. He had probably learned his golf on the McCrackens Mar Lodge Estate at Essendon on the west side of McCracken St. A.22-12-1930, page 3. New Links at Dromana. Dromana Country Golf Clubs course at the foot of Mt Martha is in a rough state. There are nine holes and all command beautiful views of Port Phillip Bay, Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat. A. 21-12-1933. The President, Dr A.McDonald said that the club had been through lean times and hoped that residents would support an undertaking which was a great asset to the town. A. 24-9-1937, page 25. Applications are invited for occupancy of Dromana course, including residence*, equipment, mowers etc. retention of green fees. Apply Southern Developments Pty Ltd or Secretary Dromana Golf Club, Shire Hall, Dromana. (*Mr Beans house?) A. 1-6-1938, page 6. The Southern Development Co., which has 200 acres at Safety Beach, has sunk a bore (details about depths and flow.) Provision has been made for the golf course to be extended to 18 holes. A. 26-11-1938, page 6. Annual Meeting. Pres.-Mr L.E.Barnes; Sec.- Mr J.Holland. Mr Barnes might have been from Rosebud as Peter Wilson mentions that a member of the Barnes Honey family had a holiday home there. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres at Red Hill near the Kindilan Society site in 1919-20.

Admittedly, the following evidence is far from first-hand. I had obtained the land plan for Clarkes Dromana Estate and knew that the course had been on the land of R.A.C.V. President, Mr Bean, but this did not help me to pinpoint the location of the course. In desperation I paid a visit to the present golf club at Safety Beach. I thought I had struck gold when one of the chaps started telling me in great detail about the original course. Then the penny dropped. Is this the circa 1930 course? I asked. Everyone was stunned and then I heard, Les knows! This was Les Belot. Les had never played on the course but we did have an enjoyable chat about the horse on the green at Jack Warnocks private course on the present Village Glen at Rosebud West.
This is the chain of evidence. Les has a mate, a member of the pioneering Red Hill Prossor family, who was clearing land with the help of a friend. This friends father had been a plumber and had worked at the club house of the golf course. It is possible that this fibro building, 67 Seaview Ave, had been Mr Beans holiday house and later Locksley Chase Guest House after World War 2. I inspected the house briefly and was able to observe that it had a huge lounge room, capable of being used for a meeting of over a hundred people or a dance. Through the same chain of information, Les learned that the course occupied the land which became, in about 1990, A.V.Jennings Horizon Estate. This was bounded by Victoria (possibly Patterson) St, Rhymer, Tonkins St and Seaview Ave. Many golf balls were discovered when the subdivision was being cleared.
It is of interest that the last mention of the club was the annual meeting at the end of 1938, Dr A.McDonald was the President in 1933, hoping that residents would support the club, J. McDonald and sons built the St Georges Course at Rye (Argus 7-6-1938 page12), a report of a tournament at Rye (Argus 27-6-1939 page 15) refers to R. Munro of Dromana winning an event there and G.W.Brown (the shire engineer according to A Dreamtime of Dromana p.171) winning an 18 hole competition at the Dromana Branch. Also that Roy W. McDonald, Dromana Real Estate Agent was advertising land at Safety Beach in 1950. The McDonalds course at Rye, bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde was being sold by Bill Prentice in 1952 (Argus 10-4-1952 p.2) and Ossie Pickworths rival, Colin Campbell, used the opportunity to establish the Rye Public Links where we now see Hogan Dr., Thompson Tce, Sarazen St, Bacchli St etc. Did the McDonalds move their operation to Safety Beach. The Carriggs had included easy access golf in their 1939 advertisements; perhaps the McDonalds had taken up the offer of 1937 to lease the obviously under-patronised course and made it a branch of their Rye operation. After 1939, the hotel no longer advertised golf and searches have found no further mention of golf at Dromana or Rye but it is certain that the Rye course was still being used.
It is possible that the Rye and Safety Beach courses operated until about 1950 and their closure caused the formation of Rosebud Park in 1951. It is possible also that the guest house, about which no advertisement has been found, ran the course as a private facility.

EXPORT OF NATIVE GAME. COUNCILLOR ADVOCATES AMENDMENT OF LAW. ENTERPRISE TIED UP WITH RED TAPE. Cr. J. Unthank told last meeting of the. Shire Council that he had been much impressed when he paid a visit to Mr. D. Picking's fauna park at Dromana. Cr. Unthank said Mr. Picking told him that the law forbidding the export of native game prevented him from disposing of a lot of stock. If he was not so tied down with red tape he could have one of the finest zoological gardens in Australia. Cr. Unthank said he saw about 200 pheasants on Mr. Picking's farm coming to the homestead to be fed. There were peacocks, emus, kangaroos, wallabies and other game moving about the farm. He (Cr. Unthank) advocated an amendment of the game laws to permit the export of a limited number of specimens of native game. (P.1,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 14-4-1934.)

Wallaces Rd
was known to oldtimers as Patterson's Lane. Godfrey Patterson bought lots 18 and 19 fronting the highway to McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 B11)and Wallaces Rd to its first bend (160 B3.)The Jennings Bros.of Rye had a dairy on the east corner of Rosebud Pde in Rosebud (outside which is a statue and historical plaque) and the 1919 rates show that they had been occupying lots 18 and 19.

Bruce Rd
See BRUCE, TASSELL AND THE BROKIL ESTATE above. Ellerina Rd was known to the female drover, Shirley Bourne, and the Jacksons of "Dalkeith" as THE SEA LANE. It is the boundary between the parishes of Moorooduc and Kangerong.

Pickings Rd. Refer to the article about the Fauna Park.

Miss Shirley Ann Richards, the Australian film star, with a flying phalanger yesterday when she visited the Picking Fauna Park,Dromana. (Caption for photo,P.3, Argus,27-10-1937.)

The Pickings seem to have been on the Survey from about 1923 until at least the 1950's. The Pickings boys must have had artistic talent to rival that of another Dromana lad,Melbourne Brindle. They obviously got their talent from their father, Doug.

Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 30 March 1944 p 2 Article
... DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST Bruce Picking, young son and Mrs. Douglan Picking, Dromana, has commenced study National Art Gallery. A future is predicted for this sma lad. ... 27 words

Douglas Picking must have used at least part of his property for normal farming practices, one of which was breeding sheep.

HIGH PRICE FOR RAM. Cr. David Boyd, of Berwick, who has one of the leading flocks of Rye- land sheep in the State, has, for the purpose of improving his flock, purchased from Mr. Douglas Picking, of Dromana, the stud Ryeland ram, Picking's R1880. The price paid was 30 guineas which, at the present time, is an exceptionally high price for a ram.

Coutts St
I believe that Thamer Burdett was distantly related to Countess Burdett-Coutts and that the use of Coutts as a given name was an example of name-dropping, as in the case of Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud who used Vivian as a given name for his offspring and Vivyan for his vineyard (leading his descendants to wrongly believe that he was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian.) She married Henry William Wilson and two of their children, Godfrey and Thamer,were given Burdett as second given names.Godfrey's eldest son was called Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson. Not long before leaving Dromana to manage the family's butcher shop, H.W.B.C's young son was saved by what was probably the first use of mouth to mouth resuscitation on the Mornington Peninsula.
(See the entry for Stan Evans in my MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

In 1919, the Wilsons had 684 acres of the survey,William Gibson 659 acres, Alf Downward 270 acres, Herb Downward 509 acres, and the Pattersons 280 acres (lots18,19) on which the Jennings brothers had recently finished a lease. According to Colin McLear,the Wilsons later bought much land from the Gibsons,Downwards, and Pattersons. One of the Wilson lads was involved with selling subdivided land on the survey. Coutts St was most likely named after H.W.B.C.Wilson.

Evans St. Stan Evans was a toddler when H.W.B.C.Wilson's young son almost drowned in 1904. The two boys were at a waterhole near a new abbatoir Henry was helping the carpenter,an early Dromana pioneer, to build when the Wilson lad got into difficulties.Unable to rescue him, little Stan ran to the men to alert them. Henry dragged his son out. As he was not breathing, the carpenter successfully performed mouth to mouth. Stan was involved in a humorous incident regarding sausages and a horse as a lad and was a longtime employee of the Wilsons as a butcher, resulting in a serious injury decades later. The Wilsons obviously subdivided this area. The street could have been named after the sporty Bill Evans but I think Stan was most likely the person being honoured.
(See newspaper articles in the Stan Evans entry in the MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

Rymer St
Mary Ann McLear was widowed near the end of 1849 on the Plenty River when her husband was thumped on the head with a length of timber by a friend of a man who refused to pay up on a bet at a race meeting. Probably accompanied by her late husband's groom, she settled on the survey in 1851. She commenced farming at The Willow (Melway 160 E4,east of freeway)and became a partner in Charle Graves' hawking business.On 10-5-1859, Graves bought crown allotment 13, section 2 Kangerong (across the road from the Drive-In)and had a three rail fence erected by Thomas and Charles Rymer. Graves sold it on 31-1-1860 to Mary Ann, who called it Maryfield,
and moved to Shoreham where he was a shopkeeper and farmed on 374 acres.

The Rymers "also worked for George McLear at times. In 1867,they were fencing Arthurs Seat Park. Thomas Rymer drew timber from Arthurs Seat for the building of the Dromana jetty in 1874." (All from A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Thomas didn't take long to get this lucrative contract after the "Maryfield" job. He and Tim Sullivan would have been rolling in clover if they'd shared in the contract to fence the police paddock from White Cliff to the back beach which the Government proposed in 1859. (See Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.)

stockyard at police paddock,Point Nepean-fencing, 1s.11s. 3 3/4d per rod; eight gates at 3.15s. each, 102. 0 s.4 1/2d., Thomas Rymer ; digging waterhole and fencing at police paddock, Point Nepean-waterhole, Is. per yard ; fencing, 6s. 6d. per rod, 85,T.Sullivan(Announcements in the Government Gazette, P.5, Argus, 28-8-1861.)

The Rymers may have moved to Frankston or Hastings, but it is possible that Charles Rymer moved to Geelong. Mrs Rymer made a donation to the Frankston Hospital in 1944.(P.1, Standard, Frankston 26-10-1944, FRANKSTON COMMUNITY HOSPITAL.) Laurie Rymer was one of the Hastings Football Club players to make in in the big time.
Laurie Rymer
Name Laurence Rymer Born 1934-07-05 Height187 cm Weight 92 kg V/AFL Clubs Collingwood
V/AFL Games 25 V/AFL Career 1955-57 V/AFL Goals 10 Brownlow Votes 0 (AUSTRALIANFOOTBALL.COM)

RYMER.-Mr. Chas. Rymer wishes to THANK all kind friends for their expressions and tokens of sympathy during the illness of his dearly loved wife,(Doris), who passed away at Geelong on August 7, 1944. A long and patient sufferer at rest. (P.4,Standard, Frankston,17-8-1944.)P.S. Chas was Isaac Charles Rymer.

Walter St
Walter St is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate. As you can see above,lot 4 was purchased by Walter Gibson of "Glenholm" (which became the Monarco Estate and the Collins Rd Industrial Estate.)

Higgins St
Assuming this is the correct spelling, it is named after Judge Higgins (Chief Justice)of Heronswood whose "Harvester Judgement led to the basic wage for workers.Judge Higgins died in 1929 and lot 4 was probably subdivided for housing at about that time. George Higgens of Queen St Melbourne and Red Hill was a land agent who became a Flinders Shire councillor for the central riding which included the Survey. The intersection of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Rds was known as Higgens Corner.George's surname was almost always given as Higgins, even in the newspaper articles and index in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. George may have been involved in the subdivision.

Tassell Rd
Edwin Louis Tassell leased the Brokil Estate from 1860 (according to Colin McLear)until his death. This was the northern 1000 or so acres of Jamieson's Special Survey, between Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Hangout Rds and the Martha Cove Waterway. The waterway is fed by the Brokil Creek which was named by an early surveyor and gave the estate itsname. locals, however, dubbed it Tassell's Creek for over a century and I have asked the council to put Tassells Creek signs at each end of the underpass. "Tassel" Rd was obviously sourced from rate records where Edwin was written as Edward etc. See my TASSELL journal.

Osborne St
The Osborne contribution to Dromana's sporting life as players and officials was tremendous. George Osborne served as a delegate to the League and the award to the best and fairest in the Nepean Football League is called the George Osborne Medal.

Shand St

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago


Oh to be in Blackwood town
One hundred years ago,
When axes, picks and shovels
Were a'swinging to and fro.

Blackwood is a town in Victoria, Australia. The town is located on the Lerderderg River, 89 kilometres north west of the state capital, Melbourne. Blackwood is in the Shire of Moorabool Local Government Area and had a population of 235 at the 2006 census.[1]

The town was founded in 1855 during the Victorian gold rush and at one stage had a population of around 13,000 prospectors. The Post Office opened on 22 September 1855 and was known as Mount Blackwood until 1921.[2]

Attractions include the State Park and Wombat State Forest, a mineral spring, miners' cottages from the 1860s and Mount Blackwood, an extinct volcano offering panoramic views of the surrounding area.

Blackwood is so-much better described in that one verse than in wikipedia. As I jogged a hundred metres at a time up the Old Blackwood Coach Road, my mind was on a coach driver applying the brake with all his strength so the coach would not overtake his weary team and cruelly kill the horses. As I threaded my way up the ridges between the ruts, I could well imagine axles being broken and passengers, already bruised from the jolting, seeking shade or helping while repairs were carried out.

Blackwood is no Bendigo, Castlemaine or Maldon, time capsules filled with beautiful architecture. But it has the beauty of discovery about it and for those who like to combine fitness with the thrill of discovery,the Blackwood area is just the ticket. Blackwood has a tiny population now but amazingly has a newsletter of such quality that it can truly be called a magazine, and many organisations that require hard working volunteers to serve on many of them, so that the terrific community spirit can be maintained.

The type of hard work described in the first verse of the late Grace Rayner's Blackwood (A haven in the hills) was typified by Ray Meade, who served on the Cemetery trust and progress association as well as being president of the cricket club, social club and crown reserves committee. This history is dedicated to the late Ray Meade.

MARGOT HITCHCOCK. Margot is in the process of writing a history of Blackwood and its pioneers. As my aim is to supplement existing histories, not repeat it,, I will summarise the articles she has written for the Blackwood News so you know what information is available, but not include it in my work. Margot is willing to help people
with genealogical detail about any of their family who have been Blackwood pioneers. Margot would also appreciate any anecdotes, photos etc that you can supply. She can be contacted by email on <[email protected]> or by mail at P.O. Box43, Blackwood Post Office, Blackwood, 3548.

Margot has replied to my email and provided some valuable information.

Tyrrell should be spelt Terrill. The pioneer after whom the backtrack and the street (joining old Golden Point Rd to Golden Point Rd at the pub corner) were named was Byres, not Byers as I had written.

The school site at Golden Point is listed on old maps of Blackwood and a photo of the school is in my Aspects book. Blackwood North was not the main food growing area as food and sheep farms were also in Green Hills, Blackwood and a Chinese Market was where the Sport Ground is.

Mt Blackwood was named after Captain Blackwood of the 'Fly'.

There is information about the aborigines of the area in her books.They are:
1. 'Aspects of Early Blackwood - The Goldfields, The Landmarks, The Pioneers' by Alan J. Buckingham and Margot F. Hitchcock. (89 pages including photos and index - with information on early gold mining days and the pioneers - $ 14 or $16 including postage.)

2. ' Some History of Simmons Reef, Blackwood', compiled by Margot Hitchcock for the Blackwood & District Historical Society.(55 pages and 51 photos plus index with information on the early Quartz mining in Simmons Reef - $13 or $15 including postage.)

�The Story of Blackwood� � a small booklet of 8 pages with brief information on Blackwood � �The Beginnings, Gold, The Diggings, The Township, Quartz Mining, The Surrounding Districts � Barrys Reef, Simmons Reef, Golden Point, The Cemetery, Blackwood Today, and a map of 'Where to Go, - What to see.� Produced by the Blackwood & District Historical Society. Cost $4 from the Society or $5 posted.

Available from the Blackwood & District Historical Society Museum at the Old Police Stables Blackwood, open 1st Saturday of every month 10-30am - 12.30pm. Or can be purchased from the 'Garden of St. Erth', Blackwood Post Office, Blackwood Hotel, Mineral Springs, Caravan Park -or
For orders - contact Margot Hitchcock, email - [email protected]

If I don't summarise an article, it's because I don't have that newsletter.Variations in spelling are as found in articles. Descendants of pioneers who may never have lived in Blackwood are included in the surname list for genealogical purposes.

April-May, 2011.Graves in the Blackwood Cemetery. John Wightman started the first steam sawmill at Barry's Reef, Blackwood in 1866. Details of his wife, children and their spouses.(Kennedy, Dunlop, Thompson, Wolters.)

June-July, 2011.Silas Gay, mine manager, Blackwood. Excellent biographical and genealogical detail. It is interesting that the evidence of Albert Sweet was included in the police report regarding the accidental death of Silas in 1898.

December 2011-January 2012. Holes in the rock wall at the sports ground resulting from a competition displaying a skill used in mining; drilling holes in which dynamite was inserted.Results from the 1902 sports. The race behind the spring on the Shaw's Lake side of the Lerdie was constructed by Vincenzo Cocciardi.
(Cocciardi, Strangman, Coleman,Healy, Daymon,Terrill, Kathleen Maxwell.)
Also, World War2 Memories from Jack Rayner and Alan Wellsley Griffin and SOME EARLY MEMORIES OF BLACKWOOD by Don Owen.(Richards, Walker, Simmonds, Bricker,Dr Wisewould, Dwan, Sweet, Tyrrell, Callaghan.)
The historical society seem to have the police stables as its Museum. I'll have to check that out next time I'm up!

June- July, 2012. LAST BIG NUGGET FOUND IN BLACKWOOD.Much genealogical information about Tom Matthews, his spouse and children. (Tom Matthews, William Walters (wrong)/Waters (correct), Brennan/Brannan, Beasley, Considine, Eccleston, Wells.) Also a trip down memory lane by Kathy Blair. (Matthews,Cann, Tyrell, Gribble, Sweet, Shaw, Broad, Denman, Webster, Morgan, Amery, Hill, Walker, Seymour.) Tom Matthews used to play accordian at the dances. Kath used to go to school at Golden Point. I wonder where the school site is!

August-September, 2012.FLOOD AND LOSS OF LIFE AT BLACKWOOD. Two of John and Jane Williams' children had died from Scarlatina and two others were affected, one recovering and the other taken to Melbourne by Jane for treatment. While she was away another son drowned, during a heavy flood in mid 1861, while returning from the post office at Golden Point.(Williams, Harry.)
Also a poem UP HOME (NORTH BLACKWOOD) by Minnie Turner (nee Bawden) circa 1920's, (Elliott, Service, Brown, Bawden, Goudie, Cassidy, Thomas) and DOES BLACKWOOD HAVE A NORTH? by Jimmy Olsen (Dunn,Berg, Rodgers, Lillis, Meredith, Millyard, Donnely, Guppy, Bawden, Wright, O'Connel, Meier, Stewart, Ambler.) In 1865, Charles and William Dunn were the first settlers at Blackwood North, which became the foodbowl of the diggings.

Just two points on behalf of family historians, if you write poems about your family or the people of an area: (a)write notes, giving surnames, maiden names etc for such as Aunt Annie, Uncle Tom; (b)names in a list provide very little information so if you can't work some detail into the actual poem, try to add a note about each surname. For example one family might have had a huge number of children, another might have been a dairy farmer while most others grew spuds etc. For example:
Jack Rayner sat on council;1
War dangers did he face.2
He's living still up in Lourdes Hill3
With fond memories of Grace.4

1.Jack was a Ballan Shire councillor from -- to --.
2.Jack served in world war 2. See details in the December 2011-January 2012 edition of Blackwood News.
3. Grace Power bought the log cabin in Clarendon St, which overlooks Jackson's Gully, in 1938, according to her poem THE LOG CABIN (at the age of 17 according to Jack.)Given the name of the Rayner residence,it is no surprise to see the name, Power,mentioned in her THE CHURCH UPON THE HILL (St Malachy's Catholic Church.)
4.Jack married Grace Power at----on---- etc.

See how much information can be extracted from just one verse but a family historian isn't going to guess what it is and must be told the background. To avoid littering the poem with numbers, I prefer to write a page of notes corresponding to the verse numbers. e.g.

verse 1. Jack was a Ballan Shire councillor from -- to --.
Jack served in world war 2. See details in the December 2011-January 2012 edition of Blackwood News.
Grace Powell bought the log cabin in Clarendon St, which overlooks Jackson's Gully, in 1938, according to her poem THE LOG CABIN (at the age of 17 according to Jack.)Given the name of the Raynor residence,it is no surprise to see the name, Power,mentioned in her THE CHURCH UPON THE HILL (St Malachy's Catholic Church.)
Jack married Grace Power at----on---- etc.

I know nothing of the first inhabitants of the Blackwood area but I hope to remedy this. Despite expecting to find that the first white inhabitants were a lawless lot,quite the opposite was generally the case. I have not had time to ascertain whether the Pyke brothers' run included the Blackwood area,but if they attended Patrick Phelan's meeting at Blackwood, I doubt they would have voted for him.

A cursory glance at the voters' roll for the Mt Blackwood Division of the West Bourke electorate (Page 6, Argus, 22-5-1856)has revealed where the various diggers and storekeepers etc. were resident and the person after whom Vigor St was named. The Mr Langhorne who chaired Patrick Phelan's meeting, was probably Edward Langhorne, a householder at Red Hill, that is, near the present hotel and store. I will leave it for readers to look at the roll; Margot may include it in her book.

A description of several Runs near Blackwood can be found on pages 1 and 4 of The Argus of 3-10-1848. With boundaries described in some instances as ploughed lines,or as adjoining a run leased by a named person, it is difficult to determine which of several runs encompassed the Blackwood area. One item discovered from a description of one of the possibilities, Run 152, is that the native name for Mt Blackwood was Moonia.

Mt Blackwood was obviously named by 3-10-1848 but I have found nothing to indicate after whom it was named. I believe it was named after Vice-Admiral Henry Blackwood (Nelson's third in command who had no surviving children to succeed him as Baronet according to one source but not the one about Francis Price Blackwood), the Hon.Henry S.Blackwood or Francis Price Blackwood. The Blackwood River in Western Australia was definitely named after the Vice Admiral.

Blackwood, Francis Price (1809�1854)by Ann Mozley
Francis Price Blackwood (1809-1854), naval officer, was born on 25 May 1809, the second son of Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Blackwood and his third wife Harriet, n�e Gore. He entered the navy at 12 and obtained his first commission in August 1828. In 1833 on the East India Station he was appointed to command the Hyacinth, in which he first visited Australia and contributed hydrographic data on the north-eastern coast. He was promoted captain in 1838.

In 1841 Blackwood was appointed to command the corvette Fly in the first hydrographic survey commissioned by the Admiralty for exploring and charting the north-east Australian coast. The Fly, fitted with costly instruments, and carrying two scientists, Joseph Jukes, geologist, and John MacGillivray, zoologist, sailed from Falmouth in April 1842 with the cutter Bramble, under the charge of Lieutenant Charles Yule. After a stop in Hobart Town from August to October, the two ships called at Sydney and began the survey in December 1842.

In the next three years the Fly charted from Sandy Cape to Whitsunday Island, including Swain Reefs and Capricorn Islands and the broad passages between, and marked the outer line of the Barrier Reef from 16� 40' S. to 9� 20' S. Early in 1844 a beacon was successfully erected on Raine Island to mark the best passage through the reef. Meanwhile the Bramble completed a survey of Endeavour Strait. Late in 1844 the Fly visited Surabaya and returned in April 1845 to chart a track for shipping from Bramble Cay to Endeavour Strait (Great North-East Channel) through Torres Strait. The expedition then surveyed 100 miles (161 km) of the south-east coast of New Guinea, charting the dangerous off-shore shoals and the mouths of several rivers. The discovery of the Fly River commemorates their work. After a call at Singapore, the Fly returned to Sydney by way of the Swan River, and in December 1845 sailed for England. Next year Blackwood entered Jesus College, Cambridge, and on 12 October 1848 he married Jemima Sarah Strode. He died on 22 March 1854.

The records compiled under Blackwood were important not only for hydrography but also for the detailed sailing directions, many of which still appear on modern charts. In addition to the astronomical observations for the hydrographic survey, magnetic observations on sea and shore were made. The expedition was one of the earliest to visit Papua and bring back detailed reports of the natives.

The Hon. Henry S. Blackwood is appointed one of the Queen's Messengers for foreign service. (P.4, The Argus, 25-9-1849.)

And something closer to home for the next Blackwoodians' trivia night:
Maurice Baldwin BLACKWOOD - (born 1882 Britain died 1941 Australia).
Captain of the Stonecrop, a British E-boat sunk in the First World War,
became an admiral in the Royal Australian Navy in the Second World War.
A great grandson of Sir Henry Blackwood.
(Dennis Bell Burnaby, B.C. on rootsweb. The Blackwoods were also prominent in the U.S.A.)

4 corrections, most recently by culroym - Show corrections
"What is Mount Blackwood like?" This question is frequently asked of a visitor from these diggings when in town. As it is likely to prove a very interesting place in many ways to the community at large, in the gra- dual development of the prodigious wealth known to exist there, it may be not uninteresting to your distant readers to give a brief description of the district in question.

In the first place, it is certainly a very mountainous one consisting entirely of a continued series of precipitous ranges, generally running, as near as may be, north and south, covered by a dense forest of trees and numerous perennial plants and shrubberies. Golden Point, where the Government Camp is located, and where a township is in process of being surveyed in allotments, is situated on a large sloping bank, close upon the main creek. On either side it is hemmed in, east and west, by very steep ranges. Further up the main creek, about a mile or so, is the celebrated Red Hill, where a considerable quantity of gold has been obtained. Both at the Red Hill and Golden Point, from the want or utter absence of any thing in the shape of sanitary regula- tions or preconcerted arrangements for that important object,an intolerable stench salutes the nostrils of the passers by , and from the same unfortunate cause, one may easily predicate that when summer comes on death and the doctor will be actively engaged among the inhabitants of those two abominably filthy spots At the Red Hill, the main creek is divided into the important tributaries, one coming down from the Yan- kee's, or Acre's Quartz Mining Reef, and the other from Simmons's Reef, numerous other smaller tributaries running into them, along the high ridges overlooking the Yankee Creek tributary.(P.6, Argus, 25-9-1855.)

THE OLD BLACKWOOD COACH ROAD.(Shown as King St on a Bushwalkers' association map.)
The Old Blackwood Coach Road went straight to Golden Point, which makes sense because that's where gold was first found on 14-11-1854. It emerges onto Clarendon St between Albert and Victoria Sts,closer to the latter. The original continuation was the North Blackwood Road. Heading south the road climbs very steeply and for this reason huge ruts,almost on the scale of the Grand Canyon, develop in rainy weather so it must have been worrying for coach drivers and very uncomfortable for passengers. The only good thing about the ruts, when I was running to heaven up this road, was that having to look intently for a safe footfall, so I wouldn't break a leg, distracted my mind from the climb ahead that went on and on and on. This road (also known as King St) meets the Morning Star track, a continuation of Golden Point Rd.

In DOES BLACKWOOD HAVE A NORTH? (P.5, Blackwood News August-September 2012), Jimmy Olsen states that this was the main route in and out of town in the 1800's,the Fern Hill-Blackwood Rd.
It is proposed to place 200 families on some very rich land near Laver's Mill, close to Fern Hill, North Blackwood. Each family is to have two acres of land for a building site and garden and then there will be in addition to this 1,000 acres on the fringe of the state forest to be worked by the men in occupation of the two acres. They will work on the company system, dividing the profits made out of it on equal terms.

(P.6, Argus, 19-10-1893.)

While searching for "Fern Hill",I discovered an article (P.6, Bacchus Marsh Express,6-10-1906) which mentions the Fern Hill Railway Station and Charles Dunn, who with brother William,pioneered Blackwood North.

Mr. Charles Dunn, jun.,it should be mentioned, is a most public spirited man, and, with his father, pioneered this region over 40 years ago, living for two years in a hollow tree (big enough to turn a dray in) while subduing the wilderness. He thinks nothing of walking all day in these acclivities and declivities, and on Sunday last walked to Blackwood and back to send a message by Cr. Walters to Ballan to the Ed. to invite the party to luncheon on the Tuesday.

If you head down Martin St from the pub and ignore the curve to the left (the Trentham road until the bypass was built),continuing straight down to the river past Whalebone St, you're on the old Trentham Road. It intersects with Yankee Road after a fairly steep climb. I've run up this hill once and down once with much discomfort resulting each time. (See FUN? RUNS AND STROLLS.)

This road, starting at the pub corner, curved slightly to the north before heading due south into Jacksons Gully to a leftie hairpin and a climb back to the direct route (with Hettie the Hen on your right!) This section has been replaced but can be clearly seen, with a plaque on the slight curve to the north. It states that gold was first found at Jacksons Gully by two teamsters on 14-11-1854. Golden Point Rd runs east to the river, turning right at the big rock to climb steadily past the log cabin, zig zag around a gully and pass the Byers Back Track before levelling out.At thispoint,it becomes the Morning Star Track which heads west and south west to meet the Greendale-Trentham Rd, intersecting with Thompsons Rd on the way.

As mentioned previously, the Old Blackwood Coach Road is very steep and is easily eroded.When the present centre of Blackwood (Red Hill) also became an important mining venue, it made sense to make a new and slightly less steep road directly to that area. I believe that old Golden Point Road skirted the upper reaches of Jacksons Gully to connect with Clarendon St, Golden Point.(Jack Rayner thinks my theory makes sense.) Old Golden Point Rd east of Campbell's Cutting is a dead end but has two houses of interest. Norm Campbell, a steward on Merchant ships, loved Blackwood and built Cambrae from whatever material he could scrounge in 1939.
The next house was owned for ages by the Simmons family. Across the road is a gum tree which was planted by Mr Simmons but was accidentally pruned with a mower, resulting in today's fascinating three gigantic, conjoined trunks.

Before you cross the bridge at the mineral springs there are two short walks you can take. If you go left for only about a hundred metres,the track comes to a waterhole and a big rock from which children love to launch themselves into the water. This provides a good opportunity to teach water safety, such as how water holes can be very deep in places, and rocks, submerged logs etc can be hidden under the surface so exploring by wading should come before jumping, while noting current strength and planning exiting points should be taught.

If you follow the river to your right, you will find some interesting information about the gold mining era.

If you cross the bridge and turn left up some steps, the track will take you to Shaw's Lake where there are information boards in regard to history and walks. Primary school children can manage the climb with a few rest stops and it's a good jog for the athletically minded being not too steep and not too root and reef affected once you get up the hill a bit.

You can also drive up the North Blackwood road to Shaw's Lake Rd and try some of the circuit walks near the lake. Jogging up to the lake on the North Blackwood Rd is less difficult than the Old Blackwood Coach Rd (King St) but the climb does go on and on.

If you go straight down Golden Point Rd past the North Blackwood turn off till you reach the river, you will see a huge rock across the river. We always called the rock "The Sphinx" because it had the lion shape, even including the haunches, the absence of a human face not detracting too much from the comparison. It can be climbed fairly easily and safely by children of eight or so, presenting a splendid photo opportunity and making them feel like heroes. Jumping into the waterholes is a no no, being far too dangerous, but a short swim is possible, even in dry weather.

Golden Point Rd turns right and commences a long climb near the sphinx. Blackwood is a great place for stirring the imagination, not just historically as in Grace Rayner's THE DESERTED SHACK. No matter how tired the children were after walking to the sphinx, they just had to walk part of the way up the hill. For there was the Three Little Pigs' house;a log cabin sitting right beside the road. They didn't have to be inside it to provoke a bit of Drama.

The bridges at the springs and at the start of the North Blackwood road could not be crossed by the children without dad spending at least ten minutes being a troll!

My favourite runs were from the springs to Shaw's Lake returning down the North Blackwood Rd, the Byre's Back Track to O'Brien's Crossing, the Golden Pt Rd/Morning Star Track/Greendale-Trentham Rd and old Golden Point Rd circuit,and the previous circuit shortened by going cautiously down the Old Blackwood Coach Road.

One glorious hot moonlit night, I fancied a naturally illuminated run up Old Trentham Rd from Martin St to Yankee Rd, but when I turned after the bridge I ran straight into a puddle, and learning my lesson quickly, slopped back home. One day, feeling extra heroic, I tried the North Blackwood, Yankee Rd, Old Trentham Rd circuit and again came to grief on the last-named track. Reefs were a worry in places on the way to Five Ways,on most of Yankee Rd and for a while as I turned left for the last leg. Soon the road smoothed and, hearing some thumps, I took the opportunity to spot the roos. You guessed it; I tripped on a reef and did my very best Superman impression,removing most of the skin from my forearms and knees. And it was a long way to the Lerdederg, even if it was downhill!

Late one overcast afternoon I was about to reach a crest as I climbed Golden Point Rd from the sphinx when I saw an Alsatian's head appear. Oh no,a feral dog! But it was a kangaroo which received as big a shock as I had
and took off like a dragster. Another day on the Byre's Back Track, I heard a single thump behind me as I commenced a zig zag around a gully. It was a koala which had jumped to finish its descent of a big gum.Magic! I eased my way slowly towards the lovely creature which stared curiously at me.I crossed its too-close line and up the tree it went with a speed that would put Spiderman to shame. Magic!

Easter is a busy time at Blackwood with the woodchop, parade and concert being major events. Dances were once higlights when I was much younger.

Recalling the first verse of Grace Rayner's poem,which starts this journal, where she wished she could be in Blackwood "one hundred years ago", if you have the same desire, you can combine it with the chance to become an Australian Champion. The Australian Gold Panning Championships will be held at the Blackwood Cricket Ground on 24 March 2013. Results do not depend on luck. For details, contact Marcus (0418 474 427) or Geoff (0408 396 644). Powered sites are available at the mineral springs caravan park for only $25 per night but it would be wise to book early on 03 5368 6539.

See comment 2.

11 comment(s), latest 2 years, 10 months ago

THE WATER TOWER AT RYE, VIC., AUST., (and water on the Mornington Peninsula.)

I always wondered about this.
On the corner of Kent Road and Observation Drive there used to be an old limestone building, a water tower and about 100 metres away a Well. All constructed out of Limestone. It was all demolished in the late 1980S . Any idea who owned this property?
Regards Steve

Henry Cadby Wells walked through Rye before it ever existed and probably before anyone lived or quarried lime there. Owen Cain arrived to quarry lime at Tyrone soon afterwards, but after the birth of Henry's daughter on the site of Sorrento's Koonya hotel, (Owen, almost losing his four year old daughter!)Therefore, when Henry's descendant says jump, I ask how high? Another factor that prompted this journal is the lack of discussion regarding water supply on the peninsula. I'm not talking about reticulation by the authorities because it seems that provision of water and electricity to the fort at Pt Nepean had a strong relationship to the coastal towns receiving their supply.

Towns on the peninsula were obviously situated near a water source, such as the spring below the site of the Dromana Bowling club that fed a ti tree swamp or a creek. Rosebud had Adams' Creek (The Avenue), Eeling Creek which now flows under the Tom Salt Park car park and Peatey's Creek (Murray Anderson Rd.) People obviously used tanks, which are most often mentioned in school histories, but I have not seen any mention of who used to bring water when the tank was empty or where they obtained their water. How did the isolated limeburners, such as those at Canvas Town (cnr Tasman Dr and Canterbury Jetty Rd) obtain water?

Bores would have been too expensive for most pioneers. The late Ray Cairns explained how a spring was opened up on a high part of Maroolaba at Fingal to irrigate lower ground. In ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, Isobel Moresby told how Smythe, a Flemington tanner,opened up a spring on the southern half of Burrell's pre-emptive right on Arthurs Seat to water his wattle plantation.

Were there any creeks at Rye and Sorrento with a reasonably constant supply? What were their names? Was it hard washing clothes using bore water? Who refilled tanks? I ask anyone with knowledge of how the pioneers coped in regard to water to supply their information in COMMENTS.

And now back to Steve's query.

I might be able to work out who had it but you must mean the corner of Observation and Valley or Kent and Sussex. Whether the first corner or the second corner that I specified, the tower would have been in crown allotment 12 of Rye Township, the first corner being just inside the south east corner of c/a 12 and the whole township. Therefore, I will examine the 1914 ratebook, which I know describes property locations fairly well, to see who had c/a 12, Rye Township of 98 acres 2 roods and 9 perches..

I thought the tower might have been built by James Little Brown (restorer of rabbit and ti tree infested land into beautiful pasture and councillor after whom Browns Rd was named) but the information I gathered for his entry in my SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal seems to dispel this theory. He did own the land bounded by Dundas, Collingwood and Napier Streets and the south boundary of the Kanasta Caravan Park. His homestead, Hillcrest, at 1 May St was built using lime from the last firing of the big kiln on the fire station site.

South of Brown's crown allotments 1,2,3,section 5 and the cemetery, all the land east of Dundas St was granted to William Allison Blair, a lime merchant. The part occupied by the golf course was situated in crown allotments 10, 11 and 12 of Rye Township, a total of 199 acres 1 rood and 35 perches,the land south of the Dundas St/Golf Pde corner being crown allotments 4, 20 and 21 of the parish of Nepean, a total of 374 acres 2 roods and 37 perches.(The Jennings' Kariah, bounded by Dundas St, Browns Rd and Weeroona St was said to consist of 212 acres but I believe that should be 221 acres, being crown allotments 20 and 21 Nepean, extending north to the freeway reservation.)

On crown allotments 10, 11 and 12, Rye Township was St George's Golf Links, a nine hole course which was constructed in 1935 by John McDonald and his two sons, Jack and Max. The course, bounded by Dundas St and Golf Rde, was subdivided circa 1954 as the Ryelands Estate by a young bloke from the Prentice real estate firm who soon after moved to Rye, but originally parked his car at the end of Lyons St as his office. There's an advertisement for the estate in the Argus Mornington Peninsula supplement in December, 1954.

It seems the water tower, whose location you mentioned was not used to water the golf course unless the details that follow describe a second method of supplying water that made the tower redundant. Water from the bore near the old homestead (now in Athol Court) was pumped into a twenty thousand gallon tank atop of what is now Highview Court and then reticulated to the nine greens." (P.14, Rye Township 150th Anniverary Edition-Southern Peninsula News.)

Although blindness and insanity were rapidly approaching before I made my breakthrough, I have made some progress. By the way, I've made your query the subject of my latest journal in the hope that somebody with personal experience regarding the water tower, homestead and well, all constructed of limestone and in crown allotment 12, Rye Township, will be able to supply further information.I though it was a good opportunity to remind the Nepean and Rye Historical Societies that every time they mention Robert Rowley, they should spare a thought for his lime-burning and cray fishing partner, Henry Cadby Wells.

I chose the 1914 assessment as the best place to start because I knew that property locations were described well. Hoping for a short cut, as the entries are alphabetical in each section, I looked for McDonald and Jennings but found neither. After going through the entire west riding, which took about two hours of squinting at entries written with diluted ink (only one tiny bit more legible than invisible ink),I found no mention of crown allotments 10, 11 and 12, Rye Township (between the Kanasta Caravan Park and the Dundas St/ Golf Pde corner, c/a 4 Nepean, south to the freeway reservation or crown allotments 20 and 21 Nepean, which I assumed to be Dod Jennings' Kariah.

I have a very naughty computer that sends emails (without me clicking send) and it did just that at this point. Steve replied:
Thanks, where do you find this information. It was the corner of Kent & Sussex. We lived on Golf Parade (all dirt roads at that time). At the time it was situated in thick bush. A Greek family (Passouilis) purchased some of the land, demolished the buildings and built a house. The Well was all that remained. On the opposite side of kent Road there was a limestone slab like a pestle (hollowed out on the inside).

The reason I missed the golf course land was because it was referred to as c/a 10, 11, 12, section A, Nepean. I did, however find that David Swan, carter of Rye, was assessed on crown allotment 10 and buildings,Rye. (Folio 84 >, assessment number 1681.) The nett annual value of David's property was 12 pounds; I did not record an acreage, perhaps because there wasn't one recorded but the NAV seems reasonable for a suburban allotment of 52 acres adjacent to the township. I also found that William Laverton Thompson, of Rye, importer, had crown allotments 1,2,3 section 5, immediately north of David Swan's land, that by 1919 had been purchased by James Little Brown.

The fact that Blair had been granted c/a10 and it was occupied by David Swan in 1914 recalls a huge battle between Charles Gavan Duffy and William Allison Blair that I discovered while researching Sidney Smith Crispo. They were acquiring huge tracts of land, Blair in both Wannaeue and Nepean, Duffy only in the latter parish. They were accusing each other of using unfair tactics and Duffy accused Swan, who did much fencing for Blair, of being a dummy bidder for Blair.

In view of Sorrento becoming so successful so early and dominating the west riding, it may surprise you to find that there was no township of Sorrento until well after Rye Township was declared. Crispo of Manners-Sutton/Canterbury (Blairgowrie) and "Eastbourne", who was an official of the Coastal Survey, suggested to the head of the Lands Department that a piece of land in dispute between Duffy and Blair be declared a village because there was no way to determine which had submitted his application first. It was declared soon after and the blocks sold in a flash.

Next, I tried the 1915 assessment, knowing I would at least find Jennings and Kariah. I did! Not knowing their given names, the rate collector had written:

Jennings, Rye, farmers, 221 acres and buildings,c/a 20, 21.(folio 72, Ass. No. 1431.)

My belief that Kariah consisted of 221 acresand not 212 had been proven.

J.L.Brown (called John in practically every assessment, but actually James) was assessed on 202 acres, c/a 10, 11, 12, section A, Nepean.(folio 66, A.N.1310.) I believe he was the builder of the water tower. As well as grubbing out ti tree and installing rabbit proof fencing, he reticulated water to water troughs. The limestone house and well may have been constructed by J.L.Brown as well but may have also been the work of P.and D.Sullivan. The map on page 57 of LAND LIME LEISURE shows: 11, marking the site of their first lime kiln in the Rye area, in almost the south east corner of the township, with the latitude perfect but an underarm throw too far east.

Dennis Sullivan, after Melbourne had been amazed by their gigantic cucumber and his wife, Honora, offended against the Masters and Servant Act, took his family to the Heads where they built a limestone IRISH BOG HOUSE in 1843 and burnt lime.They were dispossessed in 1852 by the construction of the Quarantine Station and son Patrick move lime burning activities to Rye. Blair would have dispossessed them again when he was granted 10, 11, 12 Rye Township (or section A Nepean) on 16-3-1869. I would be amazed if Blair built a homestead because he had no intention of residing on the land, only wanting the lime under it. Therefore, I believe the Sullivans built the limestone house and well sometime between 1852 and 1869.

My only question remaining concerned crown allotment 4, Nepean,south of the Golf Pde corner to the freeway reservation where it adjoined the Jennings' Kariah. Extending from Dundas St to the parish boundary with Wannaeue, Weeroona St, and consisting of 153 acres and 30 perches,it was granted to Blair on 19-6-1867.S.Lucas of Rye was assessed on 153 acres, crown allotment 4 Nepean in 1915. (folio 72, A.N. 1138.) He was also assessed on 36 section A Wannaeue of 158 acres which was being occupied by Ernest Keal. This latter piece of land,granted to Blair in 1875, was directly across Weeroona St from Kariah and adjoined the Tootgarook pre-emptive right. It must have been subdivided by 1919 and J.R.Jennings had 96 acres of it, according to the rate collector while Edward Keal of Rye was assessed on the whole 153 acres. Sounds just like the Brindle-McKeown debacle on Gracefield at Dromana! Talk about double-dipping!


When I first started holidaying in the Rosebud area in the mid 1960's, I thought it was strange that there were houses between the road and the beach at Rosebud. During my research,I discovered that that this collection of houses is properly termed the Rosebud Fishing Village. In Isobel Moresby's ROSEBUD; FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, she stated that the earliest fishermen living on the site had been crewmen of the "Rosebud", which was stranded in 1855 at a place marked by a cairn between the bike path and the fence of one of the fishing village blocks.

The first blocks in the Rosebud Fishing Village were granted (bought from the crown) on 16-8-1872. The idea of alienating this land was so fishermen could gain title to the land on which their dwelling had stood for some time. Henry Bucher, from Boston in the U.S.A. was the earliest documented resident there. He arrived in 1863 and his daughter, Rose was born in 1867, thought to be the first white child born at Rosebud. In 1872 and 1873, most of the fishermen had bought their blocks and in 1874 the land was gazetted for the Mechanics' Institute(which was used for the school until part of the present site was purchased from Woolcott in the 1880's.)

None of the other fishermen along the coast were given the right to buy the blocks on which their huts stood, the Watsons near the Heads, the Hutchins at Mornington, later Chatfield at Rosebud West and from about 1913, Walter Burnham on the site of the skate-park near Boneo Rd, his nearby ti tree jetty being painted from east and west by the great Arthur Boyd as a teenager. The Government probably only established the Rosebud Fishing Village because there was such a concentration of dwellings in such a small area.

The alienation of the village made sense because the residents were coastal dependent. Over time the blocks passed to others. For example, Fort Lacco's block on the west side of Durham Place passed to his sister in law, Emily Durham (nee King.) She had earlier married a Greek fisherman and had a son called Tony, who changed his surname when Emily remarried and was the grandfather of Judith Mavis Cock; better known to you as Judith Durham of The Seekers, she was born in 1943 and spent her first six summers in the timber house which has been demolished. Evelyn Gough, early women's libber and grandmother of Arthur Boyd, Edward Campbell, Lord Mayor of Melbourne, George Fountain,the last Mayor of the borough of North Melbourne, and Australia-wide hero, William Ferrier, were some of the later residents of the Rosebud Fishing Village.

My aim here is not to discuss the families that would be mentioned as part of a Heritage Walk along the Rosebud Fishing Village, but if your surname is in the surname list,your ancestors were probably grantees of village blocks/fishermen or ratepayers in 1879, 1900,1910 and 1919 and the Rosebud Fishing Village is part of your heritage. I urge you to support the Mornington Peninsula Ratepayers' and Residents' Association in their opposition to the building of a 3-4 storey apartment/cafe complex at 1A-1B Jetty Rd. If this permit is granted,it will be open slather for all the other blocks and the remaining heritage remnants. It was once described as a pretty little village (see below)but if this is allowed, the heritage of the village will go the same way as that of the once beautiful St Kilda Rd.

I urge you to email the Manager, Strategic Services, Mornington Peninsula Shire on [email protected] and object to the granting of the permit for the 3 or 4 storey apartment/cafe complex on 1A-1B Jetty Rd on the grounds that its bulk and appearance does not conform to the historic character of the 130 year old Rosebud Fishing Village. A copy to the Mayor, Lynn Bowden ([email protected])would be helpful. Submissions close on 14-2-2013.

Read about the pretty village and the hero.

(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 17-10-1877; A QUIET OUTING.)
The morning dawning bright and beautiful, we according to arrangement started in good time along an excellent metal road, our guide pointing out, as we proceeded, the beautifully situated seat of the late J. B. Burrell, Esq., J.P., and the South Channel Lighthouse, with the remarkably neat quarters of the lightkeepers. Passing the tidy looking vineyard of Capt. Adams, we suddenly came to the end of the metalled road and delved into pure sand at a place which we were told was called the 'Rosebud' fishing village, consisting, as most fishing villages do, of a number of straggling cottages and huts, the fleet of boats, with their sails glistening under the sun in the distance, accounting for the seeming want of life on shore.

Having made a careful survey of the locality, Captain Ellery has .decided that the most suitable spot in the channel for laying down torpedoes is the nnrrow portion near the little fishing village of Rosebud, just beyond Dromana. The channel here is about two miles wide, but owing to the shallowness of the water on either side only about a mile and a half will have to be laid with torpedoes.

(P.4, Mornington Standard, 29-7-1897.) FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE. (Extract.)
ROSEBUD. A small fishing village on Port Phillip bay at foot of Capel sound and Arthurs seat; 3 miles from Dromana. Louis Anderson, postmaster. Population, 90.

(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 9-10-1909; A VISITOR'S IMPRESSIONS OF THE PENINSULA.)
Three miles from Dromana is the pretty little fishing village of Rosebud, which lovers of quietude and nature study might do worse than select for their holiday. It possesses a post office, Mechanics' Institute, jetty, and a fine beach.

(P.2, The Argus, 28-3-1946.)
Crown Land Sought At Rosebud. Mr Galvin, Minister for Lands, was asked yesterday by a deputation from Rosebud and surrounding seaside centres for an acre of Crown land, close to the Rosebud Recreational Reserve, for the erection of public utilities, including a hall, library, and infant welfare centre. He was opposed to the alienation of the people's land unless it could be proved that the use of the land by the public would not be stopped, Mr Galvin said. However, he would inspect the area.(P.2, The Argus, 28-3-1946.)
The footy ground (shown in the Rose series) was on today's Village Green, with its south boundary only about 30 metres from the Rosebud Hotel and the publican's son, Doug Bachli, honed his golfing skills on the ground. Mr Galvin's comments were very similar to the Coastal Management Plan and if the character of the fishing village is to be destroyed by greedy developers, the Crown needs to reverse the alienation of the fisherman's village by resuming the land.

The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Monday 27 November 1905 p 4 Article
... FERRIER THE HERO. The heroism of Mr. William Ferrier, who distinguished himself in rescue work in ... Australia. Mr. Ferrier went out to the wreck in a dinghy, and it is appro priate that the members of the ... This club is forwarding a gold medal for presentation to Mr. Ferrier, with the following inscription:- ... 235 words
Sorry but I didn't have time to open the pages and correct the text.

The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times (Tas. : 1899 - 1919) Friday 15 December 1905 p 3 Article
... THE HERO OF A WRECK. PRESENTATION TO W. FERRIER. Melbourne, Thursday.-A public presentation puDiic pre sentation was made last night to William Ferrier, the hero of the La Bella wreck at Warroambool on the night of Novem ber 10. The young man waa accorded an enthusiastic ovation. ... 47 words
HERO OF SHIPWRECK 32 YEARS AGO Queenscliff Fisherman's Death QUEENSCLIFF, December 20.
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Tuesday 21 December 1937 p 9 Article
... HERO OF SHIPWRECK 32 YEARS AGO Queenscliff Fisherman's Death QUEENSCLIFF, December 20. Hero of a wreck rescue 32 years ago, Mr. William Ferrier (57), fisherman, of Queenscliff, died after a seizure ... near Warrnambool, Mr. Ferrier put out in a 14ft. dinghy through heavy seas and rescued the captain and ... 200 words
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 16 July 1927 p 13 Family Notices
... 1 1 roderick Pi ace perfect peace FrRRIlR- On the 15th Jills it her pirents resid,nee, Rosebud, Beach street Queenscliff, I lien Lobe! (Jean) dearls loved eldest daugh ter of William and I ranees Ferrier dearlv loved slsler ol Aal AMIlic Alice F rink Stelhen Colin, Jack, Nelson Olive Afansls, ... 10052 words

feature story - Wooden Boat
MyState Australian Wooden Boat Festival .... the organisation handed over a cheque to his good mate Lewis Ferrier to assist in the upkeep of his boat 'Rosebud.
Rosebud, Victoria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,_Victoria
Rosebud is a sea side town on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia .... called the Harbour Master at Queenscliff, gave the same name to his fishing boat. ... ships that Ferrier did on the internal timber lining of the South Pile Lighthouse.
Queenscliff Maritime Weekend - Queenscliff Harbour
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Wooden Boat Shop set up an impromptu office ... Lewis Ferrier's fishing boat Rosebud, was drawn up to the ... wooden boat and more to the point, I love the way ...

Here's the submission that I sent to council.(seventh try and...
Oh noes. The page I requested is not here. Again! )

9 comment(s), latest 1 year, 4 months ago