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A special thank you to Janilye for a tip that will save me thousands of hours!
(Extract from Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around.)
This surname has led to mistakes being made by Andrew Lemon (BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN History) and Angela Evans (KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES). Andrew said that a Keilor farmer established Gowrie Park (north of Hadfield) and Angela Evans stated that James Robertson Jnr. of Upper Keilor resigned from the McCracken brewery in 1861. The reason for the confusion is that there were four men in the area named James Robertson. Deidre Farfor of Malvern, a descendant of J.R.1 and 2, can find no link between the three families.
Upper Keilor homestead-3 C4; Mar Lodge 28 B3; Aberfeldie (demolished)28 D5; Trinifour 28 G6; Gowrie Park (demolished) approx. 7 B12. Alex. Gibb's house remains in Glenlitta Ave 7 D10.

James Robertson ( J.R.1, born in 1789) established Upper Keilor soon after migrating to Melbourne aboard the Strathfieldsaye in 1841. Before dying in 1853, hed acquired about 5000 acres in the parish of Maribyrnong, between Sydenham Rd. and the Calder Park Thunderdome, and land in Doutta Galla Parish which became the Mar Lodge Estate and Aberfeldie. There was an extensive landholding on the Campaspe River as well, which a third son, Thomas, looked after. In 1853, one son, James, inherited Upper Keilor and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie) and his brother, Francis, was given 640 acres of Upper Keilor and the land between (roughly) McCracken and Hedderwick Sts. The Essendon Conservation Study claims that Mar Lodge was so- named by the McCrackens in about 1888 but an obituary for Francis Robertson in 1886 describes his death having taken place at Mar Lodge; obviously it was Francis who gave it the name.. Following the death of his mother in 1869, James (J.R.2) moved to Aberfeldie and it was here that his connection with the McCrackens began. His daughter, Margaret, later married Coiler McCracken, the son of Peter McCracken.
For more details on J.R.1 and 2 and their relatives see Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales by Angela Evans.
Coiler Robertson married Jeannie McDonald in Inverness in 1812. In 1837 they sailed for New South Wales where they spent two years before moving to Melbourne. The Bounty Index shows that Coiler was 52, Jane was 48 and their children, Grace, Isabella and James were 16, 22 and 19 respectively. It is interesting that the occupation of James was given as BREWER while his father was a shepherd and all the females were dairymaids. N.B. In previous works, I have referred to Coiler Robertson and his son James both dying in 1879. Coiler actually died in 1860.
Coiler Robertson was leasing La Rose (bounded by Bell St., Rose St., Reynard Rd. and the Moonee Ponds Creek) by 1845 and bought it seven years later. In 1846, his daughter, Grace, married Peter McCracken and they started a nine year lease on Stewarton (Gladstone Park north of Koonalda Rd.) before spending two years at the Kensington dairy while the mansion was built on Ardmillan at Moonee Ponds.
In 1851, one of Melbournes seven breweries was owned by Robert and Peter McCracken in partnership with their brother-in-law, James Robertson. (THE GOLD THE BLUE. A.D.Pyke.) This was Graces brother, James, a brewer before migrating, who provided the technical expertise which led to the firm becoming so successful. (Not J.R.2 of Upper Keilor as claimed by Angela Evans.)
The McCracken Letters make frequent early references to the Robertsons and La Rose. It is interesting, in view of James Robertson (J.R.3) retiring from the firm a wealthy man in 1861, that Peter McCracken mentions in a letter to his brother September 1862, Mr.J.Robertson has gone west to take out land but has not returned. The first mention of J.R.2 was on 26-11-1866: Mr.J.Robertson is now building on Spring Hill above the garden. This was Aberfeldie (into which J.R.2 moved in 1869) above the present Aberfeldie Park on the Maribyrnongs floodplain. Incidentally, in February 1873, Peter McCracken mentioned the death of Mrs Robertson (J.R.4) of Campbellfield, the last of the old colonists.
There seems little doubt that the partner in the Robertson and McCracken Brewery during the gold rush was the son of Coiler Robertson of La Rose (J.R.3). Coiler Robertson bought the land bisected by Park St., on the north side of Ardmillan in 1855 and in 1860, obviously just before his death as an insolvent, sold it to his son J.R.3 for a little more than half the purchase price. In about 1877, James built Trinifour, which still stands on the south side of Park St. just west of the railway gates.

James Robertson established Gowrie Park on the southern half of section 5 of the parish of Will Will Rook. He and his wife, Ann, married in Errol in Perthshire in 1839 and arrived in 1841 after a traumatic voyage. They had set sail on the India but after it caught fire near Rio De Janiero, they completed their voyage aboard the Grindley. Sharing this trauma were Alexander Gibb and his wife.
JAMES Gibb,who may also have shared this voyage, was married to Betsy (nee Coupar), a sister of James Robertsons wife, Ann. The Coupar family lived in a district in Scotland known as Carse o Gowrie. (BROADMEADOWS HISTORY KIT S. OCALLAGHAN) James Gibb and James Robertson selected 640 acres at Campbellfield and set up business in Sydney Road as coachbuilders and blacksmiths, living in a tent. James and Ann Robertson had eight children; their daughter Ann had been 3 months old when theyd sailed from Greenoch and John was born in a tent in 1845.
The 640 acres, bounded by Morley St, Camp Rd., Fairleigh St. and Hilton St., were leased in October 1841 and purchased in 1848 by ALEXANDER Gibb and James Robertson; James Gibb preferred his trade to farming. The northern half became Gibbs Meadowbank and the southern half Gowrie Park. The Robertson family seems to have become more interested in land at Somerton by 1879-80 when James Robertson had 217 acres there. I believe that Gowrie Park was being leased by Thomas William Harrison despite the fact that the rate record did not indicate that the 318 acres at Box Forest was owned by the Robertsons. (Box Forest was the square mile south of Gowrie Park and the rate collector may have thought this name described the farms location better than Campbellfield. The reason why Robertson was not listed as owner may have been that he had been forced to mortgage the farm or that the rate collector simply made a mistake. In 1899-1900, Thomas B.C.Robinson was leasing Gowrie of 317 acres from J.Robertson (John?).
James Robertson (not J.R.4 who had died in 1888) owned 222 acres at Somerton. By 1920-1, trainer, Robert Lewis owned Gowrie.
Buried in grave 82 of the Will Will Rook Cemetery in Camp Rd, just near the Army Camp fence, are:
James Robertson (J.R.4) (d. 28-8-1888 at 80), his wife Ann Coupar (d.7-12-1872 at 58) and Mary Betsy Ann (d.14-3-1901at 45.) On the other side of the Peck monument is grave 88 where James Robertson (d, 20-1-1901 at 75), Elizabeth Robertson (d.26-4-1919 at 76) and John Thomas Robertson (d.20-2-1921 at 53) were buried. Other Robertsons buried in this cemetery were: Alexander W. (d. 27-6-1930) and Sterbinella (24-1-1867). The Robertsons struggled financially and John Robertson worked at Pentridge prison before becoming a coke* merchant in Albert St, Melbourne. (BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY A.LEMON)
(* For the benefit of youngsters: dried coal, not a soft drink or drugs!)
One mystery arising from the above is that James Robertson who died in 1901 would have been born in about 1826 so he could hardly have been the son of, or husband of, Ann Coupar Robertson who was married in 1839. Was he a nephew who came out with J.R.4 in 1841? Most likely, he was the James Robertson who was farming at Somerton shortly before his death.

ART AND HISTORY: . EUGENE VON GUERARD and Walter Clark's "Glenara", Bulla, Victoria, Australia. TOWNSHEND SOMERVILLE.

Artists left a valuable historical legacy in the days before photography developed. The "Australia Sketcher" artists were kept busy recording images of places, such as a view of Mt Martha and Safety Beach from Arthur"s Seat; these can be seen on trove. The Peninsula and other "Artists' Trails" let us compare present day scenes, viewed from the spot where the artists sat, with reproductions of their paintings.

The N.G.V.pamphlet about the Von Guerard exhibition in 2011 contains reproductions of mountain scenes near Kosciusko and the western District but the ones that captured my attention were those of Cape Schanck and Walter Clark's Glenara (Melway 177 C9); the latter on page 2 which is attached.

Later additions to the text are written in italics.

SECTIONS 16 and 17.
Section 16 was granted to Archibald Walker who sold the 533 acres to William Coghill on 7-7-1842 for 1040 pounds. On 16-5-1856, William conveyed the part of section 16 s/w of Bulla Rd to George for two (several?) sums of 10 shillings each and the natural love and affection he hath and beareth for the said George Coghill.

As it is now two years since I have been able to access the computer, both my enthusiasm and my ability to recall facts or access notes at the drop of a hat have almost disappeared. Therefore, I hope you will forgive me if the rest of this history is somewhat abbreviated. I think that is preferable to the information not becoming available.

Section 17, consisted of part A (435 acres) and part B (448 acres). As the Bulla road ran through 17A, from Oaklands Junction (where a southern extension of Oaklands Rd would meet Perimeter Rd inside the airport) to where a dotted line now meets Sunbury Rd at Melway 177, F/9, the north eastern corner became the Inverness Hotel paddock of 58 acres, rather than part of Glenara, (although it was still owned by the Clark family). This paddock was generally leased by the occupant of the Inverness, such as Patrick Condon in 1879 and 1882. By 1915, bookmaker, Maurice Quinlan had bought this paddock (as well as huge tracts of the Glenara Estate up Oaklands Rd) and was leasing it and the hotel to Eleanor C.Gibb, who was later to move to the Essendon (Grand) Hotel. Another to run the hotel was Bridget Madden, the sister of Maurice Crotty of "Broomfield", through which Tullamarine Park Rd now runs.
Glenara consisted of 1030 acres and was owned by Alexander Clark in 1914. It consisted of the part of section 16 conveyed to George Coghill the part of 17A excluding the Inverness Hotel, and 17B.
As I no longer have my notes and maps, the following relies purely on my memory. George Goghill called his farm Glencairn. The dam at 177 D12 was known to the pioneers as the Glencairn dam. Walter Clark, who was the next owner, renamed the farm Glenara. Coghill, remembered by street names in Broadmeadows (Westmeadows) and Bulla Townships, also owned Cumberland, and if I remember correctly, built the Cumberland mansion whose ruins are at Melway 178 C12. In about 1850 Coghill, like Joseph Raleigh at Maribyrnong, built boiling down works to convert near-worthless sheep into tallow.
Walter Clark bought much land up Oaklands Rd as well as Glenara. One portion of this land was called Dunalister, after his son, Alister. When a later owner of this property wished to rename it Balbethan, the late Bob Blackwell used the name for his property near (I think) Elmore.
While in London, young Alister Clark chanced upon the Chelsea Flower Show and fell in love with roses. Bulla Bulla gives great detail of his fame as a breeder of roses. Alister also loved horses and as well as being closely involved with the Oaklands Hunt, he was the first Chairman of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its inception until his death. Two of this clubs highly regarded races were the Tullamarine Handicap and the Alister Clark Stakes. Alisters Vice Chairman, J.B.McArthur, and the Rundles (later owners of Glenara) were members of the Hunt as well.
Alister was adored in the community and Lilly Green, who with hubby Cec used the closed Junction Hotel at Greens Corner (Mobil site) for a garage and store, said that serving Alister with petrol was the highlight of her time there. Alister served for years on the Bulla Shire Council (many as President) and the Bulla School Committee.

I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla" has much information about the Clark family. If I remember correctly, Walter Clark died in a buggy accident at about the time that Eugene Von Guerard painted the scene in the painting. The reason it is described as being near Keilor is that from 1854, Keilor Rd (known as Mt Alexander Rd) became the main route to the diggings, much money having been spent to build Brees' bridge and improve the surface. Logically, the artist would have taken that route, stopped at Keilor for refreshments and then taken Arundel Rd (part of which is now named after Jose Borrell)across Bertram's Ford and through "Arundel", finally driving north along the present McNabs Rd past Barbiston, Victoria Bank, Oakbank, Aucholzie,Seafield, Roseleigh and Gowrie Park until he reached the southern boundary of Glencairn at Melway 4 G2. Then he would have chosen a spot which placed Mt Macedon almost in line with the homestead.One can imagine the curiosity of the McNab, Ritchie, Mansfield, Grant, Farnes, and Gray children to see a stranger in their quiet backwater. I bet they followed and watched him at work from a respectful distance. The Grants of Craigllachie and Loemans of Glenloeman, on Tullamarine Island, probably gawked from across Deep Creek.

Amazingly although the two families were so prominent, the Shire of Bulla rate collectors could never seem to work out which ones were Clark and which were Clarke (of the Jackson's old run, where Rupertswood was built.) Interestingly, the buildings between the Glenara homestead and Mt Macedon are probably on Lochton where Bain opened a flour mill in 1856, the year that Walter Clark bought 17A and Glencairn.(Lochton, whose old homestead was still standing when occupied by Reddan descendants circa 1999, is located at Melway 177 C4; aborigines used to pick-a-back children from Lochton across the creek on their way to the original Bulla school near the bridge.)

TOWNSHEND SOMERVILLE, about whom much information is given in my SOMERVILLE journal,was married at Glenara, the residence of Walter Clark. This would indicate that he and Walter were close friends. (Illustrated Australian News, 4-12-1871, page 223, accessed through TROVE.)

Discovering DAVEY of Frankston AND Red Hill and Jamieson's Special Survey, Victoria, Australia.

I know that I haven't finished listing the Kangerong grantees and their allotments etc, etc but I'm sort of like a dog with a bone when there's a mystery to solve. And I've solved it. I suggested a link between H.P.Davey (at Forest Lodge, Red Hill) who urged donations for the destitute family of William Connell and the two Davey girls of "Marysville" Frankston but I don't need to suggest any more, and boy, have I found some good stuff!
I do not intend starting to use my trusty left index finger on all of this now, it being nearly 1 a.m. Here's the proof of the connection between Frankston and Red Hill.
(Mornington Standard, 4-11-1911, page 3.) James Davey Esq., a resident of long standing in Frankston, died in Melbourne last Friday (this article would have been written on Friday 3rd). He had suffered a long time from illness and had seemed to recover but.. (I'll leave it for you to find out and post it as a comment.)By the way this is not verbatim.He had resided at St Kilda for the last two years. He was born at Gardiners Creek but lived the greater part of his life at Davey's Bay. He was the second eldest son of James Davey, after whom Davey's Bay was named. For some time the deceased gentleman lived at Red Hill but the greater part of his life was spent at "Marysville" , Davey's Bay, built by his father in 1851. Its slate and timber came from Tasmania and it was the mansion of the district. It was dismantled by A.H.Sargood (probably after John A. and James Davey were ejected by court order at the end of February, 1909.)
He had four daughters and six sons, all of whom moved away apart from Len who is a Mt Eliza Resident.

Before I present information from trove and rate books, I think we had better inspect the family tree, starting with the grandfather of the above, William, old man Davey, after whom Olivers Hill was originally named. William's father, James, was buried in a mousehole! I'll give details of this mousehole tomorrow.
APOLOGY. THE MOUSEHOLE WAS WHERE WILLIAM'S FATHER DIED, NOT WHERE HE WAS BURIED. I WAS SO BUSY THINKING OF MY LITTLE JOKE THAT I CONFUSED THE DETAILS! There is a Melbourne in Victoria and a Melbourne in the U.S.A. There is a Mousehole in Cornwall. It is 3.1 miles south of Penzance. The google map of Mousehole shows that is quite close to Paul which features often in the Davey genealogy.

The following genealogy comes from the Kessell family tree:pedigree of Davey of Frankston, Mornington. There is another website about the Davey family on www.gencircles but I couldn't be bothered with more passwords; however I extracted valuable information from the summary, as follows, detailing the names of the Davey runs and explaining why Mornington is mentioned.
Many Frankston websites mention Davey's Bay and land between Frankston and Mornington but do not give the names.
"In 1840, James Davey took up the Cannanuke pastoral run and Cannanuke Inn near Frankston." (It is possible that the Frankston websites' date of 1846 is a mis-reading of almost illegible writing or that 1840 should be 1846.) "He also had the Ballanrong run, four miles west of Hastings from 1846 until 1851."
Bruce Bennett has reproduced a map of runs south of Frankston in "The Butcher, The Baker, The". One thing that I remember clearly is that no boundary was drawn between Tuerong and Archibald Yuille's Ballanrong. Tuerong stretched south to Merricks Beach between Coolart and Tuck's Mantons Creek and it is likely that the northern boundary of the run, as for the pre-emptive right,was the line of Tuerong Rd. Ballanrong probably went north to Boundary Road (Canadian Bay Rd.) The Ballanrong pre-emptive right was bounded by Racecourse, Bungower, Three Chain (Moorooduc) and Tyabb Rds. The Chechingurk run (Balcombe's The Briars) was west of Ballanrong to the beach and Yan-ti-cran probably stretched along the coast from Sunnyside Rd to the Cannanuke run centred along Davey's Bay.
Historic Dams: Family C-32 (a thoroughbred website) states that William C.Yuille sold Ballanrong and Rockbank in 1852-3 and Yuille's biography says that he bought Ballanrong in 1851 and sold it to his cousin Archibald. Valda Cole provided Graeme Butler with data for the Hastings District Heritage Study,Volume 2 (page 7)about the lessees of Ballanrong: Meyrick (of Coolart)1840, Gorringe 1841-5, Jasper Davey 1845-51, W.C.Yuille 1851, Archie Yuille 1852-7 when lease ended. (In 1858, T.J.Sumner of Stony Park, Melway 30 B8, bought the Ballanrong P.R. while Archie bought land to the west between Tyabb Rd and Tanti Ck, and to the north, bounded by Balcombes Ck/ Wooralla Dr to the roundabout, the line of Wynnstay Rd, Moorooduc Rd and Bungower Rd west to the creek. Another buyer of part of the Ballanrong run was William Robertson, through whose Tanti Park Sheep Station Robertson Dr. now runs.)
The above raises two questions. 1. Was Jasper a nickname or did Valda misread almost-illegible type? 2. Why did the Daveys leave Ballanrong?
I can think of two possible answers to the second question. The period 1943-51 was not a good time for squatters. The depression was as bad as that of the 1890's. The banks would not lend money and graziers could not sell their cattle and sheep. Bruce Bennett details how many Peninsula graziers slaughtered most of their stock and boiled them down for tallow. Raleigh (Maribyrnong) and Coghill (Bulla) established boiling down works and the payment of 5 shillings per sheep helped some squatters to struggle through the slump. The funniest thing is that a squatter, on the run that gave Monageeta (near Mt Macedon) its name, whose ruin was prevented by his estate at Melway 16 H6 being in his wife's name, became the greatest opponent of the squatters.Who's going to be first to put his name in the comments space? Davey might have been close to becoming insolvent.This possibility is increased by the property being mostly used by W.C.Yuille as a thoroughbred stud, rather than for grazing.
The second possibility is that the property was associated with a family tragedy and that daily reminders were too much to bear. Rebecca, daughter of Mr and Mrs Furze, died at Ballanrong on 28-5-1851. Why was that a Davey family tragedy? She was the wife of Old Man (William) Davey and mother of James Davey! It seems that the Daveys shared their time between the two runs, living in fairly basic dwellings and that Ballanrong was Rebecca's favourite place. William and James probably retained the run until her death, but disposed of it shortly afterwards.It seems unlikely that the sale was forced by financial circumstances because James built the mansion, Marysville, in 1851 according to the obituary of James Davey of Frankston and Red Hill.

GENEALOGY. It seems that I don't need to present much Davey genealogy as it is all available on the web. Many of the descendants of the James Davey who died in Mousehole went to South Australia. His son William (Old Man Davey) and accompanying family seem to have spent time near Gardiners Creek before moving south.
If you google JAMES WILLIAM DAVEY, the first listing will be janilye's journal on Family Tree Circles. The writing on his mother's death certificate must have been hard to read and nobody seems to be sure what was the place of death of Rebecca (nee Furze); janilye made the logical assumption that it was Balnarring, the only current place name that bears any resemblance to Ballanrong. She has provided much information regarding the ships that carried Old man Davey (William)and his relations to Australia and where they settled. She also has a picture of the Davey house in Cornwall.
As mentioned before, PEDIGREE OF DAVEY, FRANKSTON, MORNINGTON has extensive genealogical detail, although full details are not available about every family member.
Many descendants of the Davey family have posted in a conversation on Genforum. This will come up first if you google DAVEY, CORNWALL, FRANKSTON.
My immediate task is to find if there is any relationship between Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill and the Frankston Daveys. WATCH THIS SPACE!
Janilye said that H.P.Davey did not seem to be related to the Frankston Daveys and there seems to be no direct relationship.He was apparently born in South Melbourne in 1879 to Mary Ann (nee Pearce) and Thomas James Davey . This is interesting because there seems to be a strong connection between old man Davey's relations who went to South Australia and the Pearce family. His name was Henry Pearce Davey and he married Vivienne Eva Jeannie Thompson on 2-9-1908. The marriage notice is on page 11 of the Argus of 12-9-1908. The strange thing is that a Thomas James Davey born in Bristol in 1844, who came to Australia in 1857, started as a storekeeper at Sale but became an accountant and Lord Mayor of Melbourne 1911-12 and 1912-13, and married three times, had a son called Mr H.P.Davey from his first marriage to a Miss Davis of Tasmania.

My inspection of rate records this morning aimed to locate the properties of H.P. and James Davey at Red Hill. We already know the time of Henry's departure from Red Hill and that he had been there for about ten years (I hope I've told you!)

I discovered that Henry had 190 acres, Kangerong. J.Davey was granted 22 A and B of 78 and a bit acres each. The parish map gives no indication of when these were issued.The western border of this land is that of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve extended north onto Melway map 161 and south to a point where it would meet a line (parallel with the south boundary of the reserve) drawn north west from the bend in Red Hill Rd just north of Darling Park Wines. The north east corner was 120 metres north of the Craig Avon Lane corner. How the rate collector arrived at 190 acres is a mystery. I thought that he had 44 acres to the north of Forest Lodge as well (200 acre total minus now-closed road), but the 1900 rates show that Charles Fritsch had this as well as his other grant, almost 103 acres to the north and fronting Myers Rd from 8 Myers Rd to the Wallaby Downs entrance.Robert Coxon Young's grant of 121 acres to the west of Forest Lodge was not separately assessed and my best guess is that Henry, or J.Davey, had bought 34 acres and the McIlroys (who now had almost 300 acres more than they were granted)had bought the other 87 acres. This 190 acre property was definitely Forest Lodge according to Keith Holmes, who said it was the first property on the right as you entered McIlroys Rd from Red Hill Rd and that the Haigs had owned it later. Strangely Bertram John Davey had land at the south west corner of Jamieson's Special Survey, not far north of Forest Lodge.

James Davey was leasing 160 acres Wannaeue from the Crown by 1875.By 1882, he had only 158 and a bit acres, probably because of road making. Between the time that the 1886-7 and the 1887-8 assessments were prepared, he had become the owner.In 1896-7, James Davey was recorded as the owner of 158 1/2 acres Wannaeue.This was blatantly incorrect! In 1896-7, James Davey, farmer, Frankston, was recorded as owner and occupier of 28a Wannaeue, the only property in the Riding of that size. In 1900-1 and the next year Watts and Stephens, executors of the Davey Estate were assessed on 28a Wannaeue. Where was 28a? It was between Main Creek Rd and Willian Rd, with its north west corner opposite Whites Rd and the south east corner near the end of William Rd. This Wannaeue map also contains the information that James Davey obtained title to the 158 acre 2 rood 7 perch property on 5-9-1878. (It took quite a while for the rate collector to become aware of this, didn't it!)

The family connections entry in my Peninsula District History seeks to explain how the bride and groom met.
Sometimes they had been schoolmates but in a high number of cases they were near neighbours.This is such a case. James Davey (1845-1911), grandson of Old Man Davey and 2nd son of James Davey (depasturing licence for Ballanrong and Cannanuke after whom Davey's Bay was named), married Mary Ann Hillis/ Hillas in Melbourne in 1871, according to Janilye.And where did Mary Ann live? On the other side of Main Creek Rd on 23b Wannaeue who noth and south boundaries were a western extension of those of 28a.William Hillis received the grant for 23b on 10-12-1885 and gained title to 23a on 12-11-1888. The latter block, 480x 500 metres and containing almost 60 acres, could be accessed from Purves Rd via Wilson Rd at its south west corner.
Hill Hillas (as Colin McLear calls him) married James McKeown's sister, Mary, in Ireland and arrived in Red Hill in 1855. (P. 86 A Dreamtime of Dromana.)

It could be dangerous to state emphatically that any Davey who appeared in the Frankston and Red Hill areas was totally unrelated to the Daveys of Frankston. Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill was the son of Thomas Henry Davey, born in Bristol, which is 275 km from Mousehole. It could be that T.H.'s father had originally lived near Mousehole but had fled to escape arrest for smuggling.The Davey and Pearce families had a connection in South Australia.
Another case is that of Bertram John Davey who had 446 acres and buildings, lot 13 and part 14, survey, Kangerong in 1919-20. He was the Managing Director of Edwin Davey and Sons, flour millers and seems to have come from near Burra in South Australia. Lots 13 and 14 in the subdivision sale of the estate of Sir William J.Clarke in 1907 are indicated by Melway F-K 4-6, not far north of lots 23a and b Kangerong and not far from John Oswin's Newstead near Tubbarubba, where Henry Pearce Davey spent a holiday about five years after he had left Forest Lodge.
Henry Pearce Davey was involved at Balnarring where he was a very efficient Secretary of the committee that ran the Sports (athletics etc.) Mary Karney, the author of "The Golden Plains Tabbarubbarel" tells me that the Davey family settled in Balnarring in the 1860's alongside the Oswins and Buckleys etc. (Part of Balnarring Rd was originally called Buckley Rd.) Perhaps J.Davey, who was granted Forest Lodge, was a member of the Balnarring family, brother of Henry Pearce Davey and father of James Davey who found the coral encrusted coal a mile inland near Warrawee. (Wrong, see below!)
Keith Holmes told me that Forest Lodge was the first property on the right when you turned into McIlroys Rd from Red Hill Rd, confirming my description of its location.
The Cannanuke Inn was established by local pastoralist, John Davey,in the 1840's and was the only substantial building when Permien surveyed the township of Frankston, according to the Frankston City Council website. Its site, 1R Plowman St, is heritage listed. Georgiana McCrae of the Arthur's Seat run described Davey's Inn as flea-riddled and spent a sleepless night there on the way to Melbourne. When young George McLear took a fresh horse to Frankston for Charles Graves ( who was due to return soon from Melbourne with goods to hawk all over the Southern Peninsula), he made his way home on foot rather than share Georgiana's problem. Was this the inn that Frank Stone's father ran?

I'M OFF TO THE DROMANA MUSEUM TO FIND OUT ABOUT THE DAVEY FAMILY OF BALNARRING! What a fizzer! It was the Davies family that pioneered in the Balnarring parish. There is good family history in the museum, bound in a green cover. Keith Holmes was at the museum and when I pointed to Davies, Red Hill, in my rates transcriptions, he told me that the surname was actually Davis.

I've now been able to confirm that James Davey (the second son described on page 5) was the grantee of the crown allotments detailed below. A curious thing is that Henry Pearce Davey (son of Thomas James Davey from his first marriage to Miss Davis of Hobart) was a subsequent owner of Forest Lodge. Thomas James Davey was born in Bristol in 1844 and came to Victoria in 1857, starting as a storekeeper in Sale. In 1891 he was elected a Lonsdale Ward councillor and became Lord Mayor of Melbourne in 1910-11 and 1911-12.

Henry Pearce Davey also offered one pound per acre to buy block 55 (242acres) of the Clarke Estate but his offer was knocked back.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-4-1907.) To save Davey researchers a lot of frustration, I must point out that there is no lot 55 on Land Plan 4916 (The Clarke Estate.) The lots are numbered 1 to 54 with lots 25 to 54 mainly consisting of 5 acres along the Safety Beach coast.No lot consisted of 242 acres.

I can only guess that H.P.Davey was offering to buy part of lot 14 of 532 acres 3 roods and 32 perches, part of which is now Wallaby Downs (Melway 161 H5.) Lot 14 was about a mile north along Junction Rd from James Davey's grants in the parishes of Kangerong and Balnarring. H.P.Davey was apparently a friend of the Oswins of "Newstead" which was just east of James Davey's grant that became "Seven Oaks", and spent a holiday with them after he had moved to St Kilda.

Davey St, Dromana (Melway J-K 7) on Spencer Jackson's Panoramic Estate (1927), was probably named by Spencer, and suggested by the Dysons who had a keen interest in the area's history, to honour James Davey.

James Davey's grants near Red Hill.
Kangerong 23 a, b 158 161 F-J 10-11 "Forest Lodge". Bisected by DunnsCk Rd.
Balnarring 14a 121 161 K 10, 11 (Gr.20-1-1874) Became Kentucky&Rosslyn.
Balnarring 79a 128 161 J 11,12. Became A.E.Bennett's "Seven Oaks".
Wannaeue 28a 158 190 pt.A, B 5,6 (Gr. 5-9-1878) Later Bullocky Bob White's.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago


I must confess I was being naughty with the second part of the title. Although the owner of Barnes' honey had a holiday house in Rosebud, the product had nothing to do with Tubbarubba. I was imagining what a fossicker at the Tubba Rubba diggings , during the 1890's depression, might have said when his wife said that he was wasting his time.William Barnes had found a quartz- encrusted nugget worth 1000 pounds in 1895 (at about Melway 151 F2?) a mile and a half west of the old diggings (at precisely 162 B-c3.) A look at such a prize would have convinced the wife to endure for a while longer!
And how would I know these details? "THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBABEL" of course! I first read this book many years ago and went to the library to borrow it so I could get some more details about the Downwards for my Red Hill journals. The only copy available for loan was at Mornington but family tree circle magic, Neil Mansfield's Kensington map and Steve Burnham's website organised a special loan for me.
"The Golden Plains Tubbarubbabel" was written by Mary Karney, a descendant of John Oswin, with Bruce Bennett carrying out research in Melbourne for her. Bruce is a Melbourne vet. who became interested in the local history of the Peninsula during his holidays near Westernport. Two of his books are "The General Store" and "The Butcher, the Baker, the". The latter was a great source for my "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc" despite the Murray farm just east of Jones' Corner being described as being in three different localities(Moorooduc, Tyabb and I've forgotten the third.) This is understandable; the location descriptions would have come straight from newspapers.
Mary's book has had three printings, but as the library has only one copy available for loan, Mary is going to supply some more copies to the Hastings branch and I suggested that the Dromana Historical Society might sell some at their museum. Bruce's books are available at the Mornington museum and possibly at other local museums.A feature of Golden Plains apart from some good genealogical and local history information is the excellent collection of photographs of pioneers (Downward, Oswin, Mairs, Stanley, the murdered Jack Johnson etc), homesteads and the Foxey's Hangout tree with actual foxes suspended.(Another book I have read is specifically about Foxey's Hangout, written I believe by the family which carried on the tradition after Garry Downward.)

Joan Downward, who supplied much material and information for Golden Plains, has written a history of the Downward family.Mary has given me permission to post this journal.

At the start of my Red Hill Grantees journal,although Tubbarubba is a fair way from Red Hill, I gave detail of Alf Downward's grants. I speculated that he had bought this land in about 1905. He selected lot 1 Balnarring (between Tubbarubba Reserve and Foxey's Rd) in 1869, calling it Glengala, and received the grant for it on 31-8-1887. He married his neighbour, Josephine Kerr, in 1879 and lot 4,(Melway 162 D-F 3,4)became part of the Downward property. Lot 4 was the reason that his first attempt to become a councillor was unsuccessful. During the campaign, the anonymous "a ratepayer" and "Bessie Raine" were criticising Alf, who had opposed the council's plans to put a road through lot 4, and their gutless mud-slinging swayed enough undecided voters to give Alf's opponent victory. Alf bought 2B in 1894 and 2A in 1899. The diggings having become silent, Alf managed to buy sections 3, 7 and 8 between 1909 and 1914 (with the exception of the cemetery site which later became Tubbarubba Reserve.) These two blocks fronted Foxey's Rd and are indicated by 162B1 and A1 respectively.
Alf remained a member of Parliament until 1929; poor health probably forced his retirement as he died in 1930.
Alf's uncle, John Campbell Downward, had selected 312 acres at the corner of Stanley and Merricks Rds (192 D-E 3,4) in 1854 and his father, Edward Downward, had selected land further east fronting Stanley Rd (192 east half of 192 H 3-4.)

John Oswin selected lot 35A in 1865 and called it "Newstead". (This name could have come from goldmining near Castlemaine or it may have had the literal meaning of "new place".-itellya.) John married Georgina Mills in 1865. Georgina's diaries covering the period from 1881-1910 give a picture of the daily happenings such as Willy Mairs having a look at the piano to see what the problem was.Fannie Oswin married William Lambie, the Bittern blacksmith. Ern Oswin and Willie Mairs camped at the diggings to try their luck. Mrs Grayden, the first postmistress at Bittern also served the community as a midwife; Graydens Rd was named after her family. The book discusses the murder in 1874, but unfortunately the suspect's name is given as Shanahan instead of Shannon, probably caused by an error in a newspaper account (which I didn't come across.)

Other information obtained from the book about Red Hill pioneers will be presented in that journal.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago



Entering the Rosebud West Bowling Club for a Rosebud Rockers dance, I saw an article pinned on the notice board with a picture of a footballer. My wife bought me a jumper years ago; it had "Football is Life" in large letters on it, which showed (a) that my wife understood me and (b)why I just had to look at the article. It was about Ron Porta, who had brought back Somerville Football Club's glory days and had recently died. The bulb lit up. I had seen that surname on my Moorooduc parish map. Ron's wife and brother had never heard of lot 63 Moorooduc but trove proved that Joseph Porta, Ron's ancestor, had been near Somerville a century before Ron coached the side.

I have mentioned the lady surveyor in reference to Bernard Eaton in the RED HILL PIONEER journal. The information on that history board became etched in my memory bank because I knew well the difficulty of just walking in the mountainous terrain near Blackwood. I imagined the difficulty of carrying out a meticulous task like ensuring that levels were spot on so that water would flow for miles, with only gravity to propel it, along races such as the one that the Byers Back Track follows to O'Brien's Crossing. I imagined her tripping over fallen branches and bracken fern, exposed tree roots and protruding reef rock (unseen because of her ankle length dress), which would have been fatal if it happened where the race went around a huge granite boulder about an arm's length from a plunge of a hundred metres into the Lerderderg Gorge. How the author of "Those Courageous Hardy Women" would have loved a story like that to demonstrate how courageous and hardy the female pioneers were near Sorrento. At Greendale, between the Western Highway and Blackwood, there is a Shuter St. I wonder how many Greendale residents know how the street got its name. What a coincidence that there is a street with the same name just south of Puckle St in Moonee Ponds! "Oh really!" as Sam Newman would say. Read about Charles Shuter in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present" (1888.)

The last item was the result of coincidence, just sheer good luck. I usually listen to another station, but on another radio, tuned to 3RPP, the local peninsula station, I heard some good music so as I started the computer, I switched the set nearby to RPP. The next stroke of luck was that I needed to free up some disk space and while that was happening, the next program "Beyond Infinity" commenced. The first discussion in this science program was about a comet that a Professor from Newcastle said crashed into the sea near New Zealand.It caused a giant tidal wave that formed chevrons (spearhead shaped sand dunes)all around the south east coast, 90 metres above sea level and well inland. The theory that aborigines made middens on clifftops was debunked as the same shells were found in cliff faces and buried in concrete-like chevrons. Why was this of more than scientific interest to me? It was only last night while trying to confirm or disprove a theory (that the Davey pioneers of Frankston and near Red Hill were related)that I came across the curious tale of James Davey, son of Mr J.Davey of Balnarring, finding a large lump of coal covered with coral near a creek near "Warrawee" about a mile from the coast. There was great curiosity about how it came to be there. My thought at the time of reading this article was that somebody had found it on the beach but discarded it when his friends displayed a "So? Whatever!" attitude to his unusual find. (See Mornington Standard, 15-10-1896 page 2, 2nd last column.)
Now I think we have an explanation of how the coral-covered coal came to be a mile inland!

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago


N.B. All grantees will be mentioned in the RED HILL PIONEERS journal with quite extensive detail from various sources, even about those of whom I know nothing at the moment. Additions are being made to the pioneers journal all the time so stay tuned in.

Aitken, Allan, Attenborough, Bayne, Buchanan, Bullock, Byrne, Davey, Downward, Duff, Fooks, Gibson, Gray, T.Hamilton, Head, Hindmarsh, Holding,William Hopcraft, Journeaux, McConnell, McKeown, Oswin, Palmer, Pitcher, Roy, Sherwood, Simpson, Smith, J.R.Thompson, Tonkin, Wighton, George Wilson.



Information about the farms of the above appears in the RED HILL GRANTEES journal and details about later owners of properties, relationships, activities, street names and so on will be included in the RED HILL PIONEERS JOURNAL.


See comment 2 under GRANTEES NEAR RED HILL.

There were many meetings of Railway Leagues to discuss ways of persuading the Government to come to the party.
Trove is a digitised record produced by the National Library of Australia and I bless the family historian who alerted me to it while we were discussing local history in the local history room at Rosebud Library.I have mainly used the digitised newspapers, a goldmine of local history and genealogical information.

If you have never used trove, you could discover the importance of railways to the peninsula by reading the article about the re-formation of the railway league at Red Hill. On a miserable night almost 50 people ventured out to a meeting in the barn at H.P.Davey's "Forest Lodge" at Red Hill.
The meeting is reported on page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 29-6-1899.

If you get onto trove and enter "Red Hill, railway", you'll get 557 600 or so entries, which might take a few years to wade through. I added 1899. I was asked "Did you mean Red Hill, railway with an issue date of 1899?" As soon as I clicked the question, the first two entries were spot on. The first was about a meeting a week earlier, which described the state of the roads, and the second was the Forest Lodge meeting.

Trove is a great way to find things you aren't looking for. While I was investigating DAVEY re Red Hill Pioneers, I discovered that Dr Hearn of Heronswood owned the 1009 acres south of Sandy Rd and west of Truemans Rd.

4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago


The map, which I'll enlarge when my computer genius sons next visit, covers the area shown on Melway maps 159-161,171 and 190-1. (Incidentally, while working this out, I discovered Tar Barrel Corner, Melway 191 F4, about which janilye's question prompted my Red Hill journal.) I used a tourist map as my base; it showed only main roads so I had to estimate the course of creeks and roads such as McIlroys, Callanans, Whites etc which form (as closely as terrain permits) crown allotment boundaries. The courses of roads on the base map are not very accurate so some allotments are not the right shape on my map.
As stated in the Red Hill Pioneers journal, the area now in Red Hill and Red Hill South is located in three parishes, Kangerong, Balnarring and a small part of Wannaeue which was called Red Hill and Main Creek. The boundaries of these parishes, indicated by K, B AND W, are shown with double lines.I will list the grantees, starting at the top left corner of the appropriate part of each parish and reading left to right. The grantee's name is followed by a number which is rounded off to the nearest acre and a date if it is on the parish map.

BALNARRING. See Tubbarubba journal for updates re Alf Downward's grants.
All the land, almost 1000 acres, bounded by Bulldog Creek, Foxeys, Tubbarubba, and Myers Rds was granted to Alfred Downward, possibly in about 1905 when he bought another block inside the curve of Myers Rd just to the south. Alf was a popular member of parliament being often called upon to achieve aims such as improvements to the stockyards at Moorooduc Station. Rye often enlisted his support but Downward and Albress were obviously two words the pupils did not learn to spell, being rendered as Downard and Albas.The area that Alf bought north of Myers Rd had formerly been part of the Tubbarubba diggings which had been reserved from alienation at the request of locals.
The diggings provided a livelihood for many in the late 1880's when Bernard Eaton, brother of the late Watson and probably father of Maude, started operations and during the 1890's depression when the Moat boys found evidence that could not be produced at the 1874 "Schnapper Point" Murder trial, so named because the trial was held at Mornington although the murder occurred at the diggings.
Alf, who had earlier lived in Tasmania,according to Joan Downward, first bought land on the western side of Wilson Rd in Mornington. He acquired it in 10 acre lots, the grantee PRICKMAN ( a hard name to forget) or a later owner having subdivided it. Alf called his property Redwood because of the redwood gums (the correct name)that grew there. Balcombe of The Briars owned the land between Redwood and Strachans Rd and he or a later owner called it Redgum Flat! The redgums are a botanical curiosity because until the homestead 10 acres was put up for sale by Alf's elderly daughters (Miss Downward and Mrs Pitt after whom streets were named)and locals requested protection for the trees, botanists had not known of any redgums growing south of Frankston.
Alf Downward's election to parliament was disputed and among the witnesses who testified at the inquiry was Thomas Gomm of Dromana who drowned a few years later in 1898. He was the son of Convict Henry Gomm and the brother of Rosebud's Harry ("of whom little is known" according to LIME LAND LEISURE) and William of Hastings, none of them related to Somerville's Henry Gomm, although they had him surrounded.
South of Myers Rd.
80B, A.Downward, 44, 1905. 80A, J.Oswin, 83, 4-7-1888. 15. J.Journeaux, 308, 2-11-1882. 14A, J.Davey, 122, 20-1-74. 14BC.Fooks, 122, 21-7-74. 79A, J.Davey 129, possibly 1874. 79B, G.Sherwood, 129, 29-11-72. 55,J.Oswin 2x140, A.4-8-74, B.25-8-72. 78A, W.Gibson, 190, 22-7-74. 78B,J.B.Journeaux, 95, 22-6-77. 78B2 and 54A, J.Smith, 255, 4-5-85. 54B, A.Duff, 169, 12-11-73.
To Mornington-Flinders Rd/Arthurs Seat Rd corner.
72A, R.H.Holding, 140, 20-2065. 72B, J.Pitcher, 140, 8-7-68. 73 AB, 215, no date. 74, Red Hill Village-see Pioneers journal. 77,88, W.Aitken, 305, 10-4-81. 81,82A, J.R.Thompson, no acreage, 18-2-74. 82B, 83A1, B.Tonkin, 275, 27-7-75. 82B1, J.Hindmarsh, 61, 14-3-71. 82BB1, 64, 27-7-75. T.Attenborough, mentioned in the Pioneers journal had lots 53 and 52 which both extended from the line of Tonkins Rd to Merricks Rd, a total of 544 acres, 16-12-71.
Back to Mornington-Flinders Rd.(5th time lucky!)
71A, A.Head, 83, 26-5-84. 71B, A.Head, 117, 5-6-74.
75A, J.McConnell, 182, no date. 75B, J.McConnell, 122, 2-6-71.
89A, J.Simpson, 142, 8-3-84. 89B, W.Bayne, 142, 8-9-80.
87-85, J.Buchanan, 1040, first part in 1872. The Wightons, mentioned in the Pioneers journal, then had 710 acres whose north east corner was the Thompsons/Meyrick Rd corner. J.Palmer had lot 51 of 281 acres, fronting Merricks Rd, between the Wightons and Attenborough (no date.)
Back to Mornington-Flinders Rd.
&0 AB, W.Hopcraft 178. 69A, M.Byrne 93. 69B, F.Bullock, 97, 6-10-75. 60AB, A.Allan, 117. 67AB, E.Gray, 107. 66A, George Wilson, 40, 24-2-82. Quarry 2 ac. Military purposes, gazetted 1889, 20 ac. 66B and 65, Helen Bayne (spinster!) 140 , lot 65 14-3-81. 90, 91, J&J Bayne, 322, 4-7-79. 92, J.Buchanan, 107. 93-6, William Roy, 514, 9-1-79, 64A, J.Bayne, 70, 16-3-81. 97,98 J.R.Thompson,251, 24-8-69.
Much land near the coast was granted to Alex Wighton, J.Palmer and Thomas Hamilton.

KANGERONG.(EAST OF WHITE HILLS RD TO BOUNDARY RD.)Dates generally not clear but those that are will be given in the Pioneers journal.
As well as enlarging my map, I will also have to correct it. George Peatey's grants are shown as being at the east corner of White Hill Rd, but they were actually at the east corner of Harrisons Rd. The land between White Hills and Harrisons Rds (north of the recreation reserve, the old racecourse) was granted to William Moat. Moats Corner (Melway 160 H5)is a very historic location name. Incidentally, the name is pronounced as Mowatt.
27a, 27c,George Peatey, 101. 27?,Alf Harrison, 63. 26a,James Clydesdale, 43?, 26b and 25a, W.J.McIlroy 350.
25b, L.N.Matheson, 119.
Not shown on map; between Dunns Ck and Myers-JunctionRds: 24, C.Downward, 116? 24b, Andrew Fritsch,103.
27? and 20c, Thomas Appleyard,429. 20b, S.L.Loxton, 106. 20a, W.Kemp, 100. The parish map is so hard to read that I accidentally called the allotments east of Loxton and Kemp 26 on the map; it should be 21.
21a, C.Counsel, 121. 21b, Robert Coxon Young (he of the 5 roomed house)121. ??a,b, J.Davey, 156. William McIlroy, 150.
Eaton's Cutting Rd, the somewhat scary link with Dromana takes its name from Watson Eaton, the area's amateur doctor, who settled on 150 acres west of the Red Hill end of the road before his death in 1877, resulting from a fall while riding to attend to a patient. This land was granted to his executor, Rebecca Griffith who was not his sister, as I had earlier supposed. Its northerly and westerly extent is shown by the Dromana boundary, the bend being its north western corner.
Between Eaton's Cutting Rd and White Hill/Sheehans Rd: 9, Charles Golding(cordial manufacturer)263, 18-4-1890,
10A George Sherwood,172? ac, 10-2-1856?, 10 B, Robert Caldwell, 172 ac., 10-1-1868?

18A (S.E. cnr White Hills and McIlroys Rd),(shown as H) Henry Dunn, 50, "Four Winds". 18c (shown as C), S.P.Calder (son of the C.R.B. chairman and Red Hill Show Committee President if I remember my trove correctly), 22?, R.Ringrose (south of Calder and Dunn, 59ac F.E. (Frances?) Windsor 17 a,b,154 ac (plus 23 ac at the north end of 13 straddling the creek), 16A, T.Milner88 ac., 11-12-1862, 16B W.McIlroy 88 ac, 15B, J.Holmes & Co.105 ac., 1872? 15A, J.Holmes, 105 ac., 8-7-1887?
CLOCKWISE BACK TO SHEEHANS RD.14B, W.McIlroy, 103 ac., 1864, 14 A, ditto, 103 ac, 1890?, 13 AB, Margaret Davies, 130 ac., 1877?, 12ab, J.Arkwell, 2x 71 1/2 ac., 1862 and 1870?, 11AB, J.Wiseman, 43 and 93 ac?

William Calder owned Four Winds, which was sold in 1929 following his death. Ringrose was an early pioneer and seems to have arrived 1864-5.

29, Ben Hards, 371 acres, probably 1860's, 28A, James Davey Jr, 159 ac, 5-9-1878 (see DAVEY journal), 28B John Griffith,136 ac., 4-5?-1885, 27A, Robert James,160 ac., 6-4-1897?, 27B1, John Hopcraft, 86 ac, 1-2-94 (see below). Land further south was generally considered to be Main Ridge and was mainly granted to the Shand and Brady families, the latter's homestead being called Mt Evergreen. The Shand steam saw mill provided packing cases and probably employment to the hill men.
Between Main Creek and Purves Rds, early grantees included Professor Hearn of Heronswood and lime merchant, W.A.Blair, but William Hillis (see Davey journal) was part of the fabric of Red Hill.On the other side of Purves Rd, the descendants of [b}Peter Purves, the unsung pioneer of the Tootgarook Run had Green Hills, and several other properties of which they were grantees.
William Hopcraft lived across Mornington Flinders Rd from John Hopcraft. In about 1878, Robert Adams was farming, on license from the Crown, in the angle of this road and Tucks Rd and one of the Sawyers of Moorooduc/Bittern parishes was just south of John Hopcraft. Little surprise that the Hopcrafts were related by marriage to the Sawyers and Adams families! If you wanted the death notice for the mother of the Sawyer children fathered by Isaac Sawyer, it would be useless entering Sawyer on trove. Try Renouf and discover the link with the Prosser and Griffith families!

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago


All details about the grantees and early occupants of land, such as Kensington Park, will be found in my Kensington Pioneers journal. The main reason for this journal is to attach a map showing the crown allotments. the grantees, the location of Peter McCracken's dairy etc. I could not attach two maps on the same journal.

My original map was hand drawn with biro (with countless hours spent trying to scale down a Lands Department map on an A3 sheet so it would fit onto an A4 page.) The reproduction was shocking being very faint etc. Neil Mansfield, who wrote the fantastic 600+ page "The David Mansfield Story", has volunteered to improve my graphics. He has been working on this map for days! Unfortunately I had not picked up the fact that some initials could have stood for more than one grantee; Neil of the sharp eye did though. I am awaiting a response from the Kensington Association History Group, with which I was last in contact in about 1999, to clear up this ambiguity.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago

PIONEERS OF RED HILL, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA and part Hastings Heritage Study in Janilye's comment.

I'm happy that Jan asked me about Tar Barrel Corner because if she hadn't I might have forgotten that I had ever started writing PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY, which I haven't even touched since I wrote up the information given to me by Keith Holmes about a year ago. I was in top gear about Red Hill until, sick of note-making, I read a local history book for pleasure. Little did I know that Leila Shaw's book would lead to THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM, JOSEPH PORTA:BELLOWS MAN., TUERONG, THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE, heritage evaluations regarding the Jones properties at Moorooduc and many houses in Rosebud (Ferrier, Boyd, Durham, Potton, Hindhope Villa etc), as well as my Family Tree Circle journals.
Before I was side tracked by "The Way We Were", I was intending to read Sheila Skidmore's history of Red Hill because I like to read every available history about a place to make sure that I'm not repeating information that is already available and accessible.
My information comes mainly from parish maps, rate books, "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and Keith Holmes.

Red Hill is in three different parishes: Kangerong (north of the west-east section of Arthurs Seat Rd); Wannaeue (west of Mornington-Flinders Rd to Main Creek Rd.) and Balnarring (bounded by Bulldog Ck Rd-Myers-Junction-Red Hill Rds and Balnarring Rd, with a western extension between Shoreham and Mornington Flinders Rd.)As in the case of Moorooduc, one must define what is meant by the term. The Wannaeue part of today's Red Hill (as marked in Melway) was commonly referred to as Main Creek, and parts now called Arthurs Seat and Dromana were regarded as being part of Red Hill.
Surveyors preferred to draw straight lines for roads, allotment boundaries and so on, regardless of the terrain. The best example of this was Burrell Rd, the west boundary of Dromana Township. You won't find it in Melway 159 C8 because it was supposed to be Latrobe Pde going straight down the cliff to the beach! Because of terrain,the course of many parts of roads has been changed from the original route. Station Rd was part of Red Hill Rd, Mechanics' Rd was part of Arthurs Seat Rd and Sheehans Rd was the original part of White Hill Rd until Wiseman's Deviation was built. (The last example explained to me by Thelma Littlejohn.)
Everyone knows about Trevor Chappell creating Kiwi hatred of Aussies by bowling the last ball of a one-day match underarm to make a Kiwi victory impossible. Many people would also know that Sam Loxton told the skipper, Greg Chappell, that he won the match but won no friends (or words to that effect) before storming out of the M.C.G.
Okay Mr Smartie pants itellya, what's that got to do with Red Hill?

LOXTON (Edited extract from present pages 100-101 of "Peninsula Dictionary History".)
Sam Loxton (who recently died on 3-12-2011) was interviewed for an article about the famous underarm bowl incident on the last ball of a one-day international against New Zealand in 1981 (Sunday Herald Sun 30-1-2011.) Sam hadn't known how to respond to Greg Chappell's instruction to his brother, Trevor, to bowl such a (literally) low ball so he took Billy Sneddon's advice (as described above.) The article went on to say that, after delivering this spray to Greg, Sam left the ground and drove back to Red Hill where he lived.

S.L.Loxton became the owner of crown allotment 20B, no section, parish of Kangerong on 16-11-1939. Consisting of just over 106 acres, this block (indicated by Melway 161 B-C 10) was accessed via Bowrings Rd off McIlroy's Rd. S.L.Loxton, who was almost certainly Sam's father and known to Thelma Littlejohn's family as Sam, was a member of the committee of the Prahran Cricket Club from 1941 until his death in 1974. Sam Senior was an electrician but in 1956 he became the FIRST PRINCIPAL of the Melbourne Royal Arch. I presume that that would make him a Grand Master of a lodge, and this introduces another cricketing connection, as the first to occupy this position (in 1884) was the venerated Sir William John Clarke at whose "Rupertswood" at Sunbury the "Ashes" were created. There is also a Red Hill connection in that Sir William owned the Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) where many pioneers near Red Hill had made their start in the area (Henry Dunn, 1846-51, followed by the McLears, Watsons, Eatons, Clydesdales and so on.)

I will not provide details of Sam's sporting exploits here because they are available on wikipedia.

The following pioneers were described as being at Red Hill in the 1864 assessments for Kangerong. I have only mentioned the house of R.C.Young because it was bigger than the usual hut or 2 roomed house that most pioneers dwelt in.
Thomas McRavey 60 acres with 32 cultivated, Francis Windsor (obviously a widow or spinster) 153 acres 3 cultivated, James Wiseman shop (blacksmith's forge?) 106 acres 1 cult., Robert Coxon Young 5 room house 121 acres 7 cult., Charles Brown 20 acres, William (Dory?) (154?) acres, Holmes 140 acres. John Arkwell 144 acres seems to have been first assessed on 2-9-1865 and the mysterious Holmes (Holmes and Co. on the parish map) was shown to be John Holmes who was a joint occupier of 140 acres with Laurence Weadson in the assessment of 7-9-1867. The assessment of 5-9-1868 revealed that Charles Brown had become insolvent.

Flinders Road Board ratepayers in the Balnarring (division/parish) before the merger with Kangerong were as follow in 1869. Many, such as Henry Tuck, Smith Ellis and William Bayne, were near Westernport rather than Red Hill but were well known to Hillmen such as Hec.Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.) My use of the footy team's nickname reminds me that William Hillas was consistently referred to by Colin McLear as Hill Hillas; I presume that Hill was his nickname.
James Byrne 134 acres, Martin Byrne 129, Thomas Bullock 59, Hamilton Allen 115, George Wilson 32, Edward Grey 53, William Bayne 2256 (most apparently leased by James R. Thompson), William Hopcraft 89, Alfred Head 130, James Pitcher 140, Hill Hillas 50, Robert Wighton 243, Alex Wighton 319, James McConnell 135, John Baldry 145, James Davey 249, Smith Ellis 183, Henry Tuck (Mantons Creek) 970, Michael Byrne 151, Charles Graves (probably near Shoreham) 382, John Richard and John senior Barker 3481 (Barkers Rd near Main Ridge), Robert Anderson (leasing Barragunda at Cape Schanck?, which is in Fingal parish, from Howitt) 1967, Hector Munro 101, Robert H.Holding 140.
Pioneers not listed above seem to have been first assessed as follows.
8-6-1871. James McKeone (McKeown) 165 acres, John Hindmarsh, grantee on 14-5-1871 of 83 B1, Balnarring, fronting the south side of Stanley Rd near Tonkins Rd(leasing from Attenborough) 65, Christopher Laurissen (ancestor of Dromana Historical Society's Bev. Laurissen) 137 and 169 leased from Duff, George Sherwood 128, Edward Stanley 160, 5 roomed house. 11-5-1872.William Kemp.

The 1875 Flinders and Kangerong Shire rate record reveals these pioneers who have not been mentioned previously. James, William and Henry James Gibson 170 acres Bittern, 170 Balnarring, 20 acres and tannery Balnarring, Henry Ault (Prominent Methodist) leasing Pitcher's 140 acres, Henry Blakely (saw maker who has bought Holding's 140 acres), Richard, P.,and John Francis Counsel (various parcels including a grant east of Loxton's and now owning Gracefield {Melway 159 H 9-12}whose vines they had tended for William Grace), Charles Cleine 52, James Clydesdale 50 (between Dromana boundary and Gibb Rd), Charles Golding, cordial manufacturer? 130, Francis Hirst (Hurst?) leasing 60 acres at Red Hill from Bryan Ringrose, John Moore 16 Red Hill, Mitchell 40 Red Hill, James Wiseman, blacksmith, 5 roomed house and 106 ac. Red Hill, Henry Prosser, fisherman, 284 acres leased from the Crown at Bittern (Henry was a storekeeper who owned two allotments at Portsmouth, Bittern by 1887-8 and there is a link between the Prosser, Sawyer, Gibson and Renouf families which I have covered in great detail in "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc" if anyone would like the information), George and Job. Sherwood, nurserymen, 128 acres Balnarring, Bryan Tonkin 418 acres Bittern and Balnarring.

1887-8. Helen Bayne, spinster and possibly sister of James and John who also owned land, had 148 acres in Balnarring. The rate collector assessed Edmund and Michael Callaghan on 1860 acres south of CALLANANS RD which had been granted to the Buchanans. As Michael was a surveyor, one would expect council officers to know how to spell his name! The rate collector had similar trouble with the Firths of Moorooduc who had bought land near Balnarring Rd, rendering their surname as Frith! William Shand had his steam saw mill operating on Main Creek and created what is now Roberts Rd hauling his timber to Red Hill according to Keith Holmes. John Arkwell was an orchardist on 144 acres where the Red Hill footballers now play.Hans Christian Hansen had arrived since the 1886-7 assessment and was probably living in William Hopcraft's "Alpine Chalet" with its drive flanked by fruit trees near the northern end of Tuck's Rd. William Hillas was leasing 213 acres from W.Higgins, probably near Whites Rd.John Hindmarsh was now a "Gentleman" and apparently living in Dromana. James McKeown had apparently sold his land (which was to pass into the ownership of the Sheehan and Holmes families) and was leasing 115 acres from a land investment company. The McIlroys now had 1057 acres but were as a Loxton to a Miller compared with the Downwards (2098 acres.) Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert Sheehan 215 acres in Kangerong.

Let's see if I can tell you something about the people granted land near Red Hill.
*=written from memory. More detail can be supplied if requested in comments.
Balnarring parish.

AITKEN.This surname is associated with the early history of the area near Dromana. John Aitken had to carry his sheep ashore in 1836 when the ship carrying them across Bass Strait ran aground nearby.(The statement in an obituary for George Russell that the ship was stranded four miles from shore is a tad curious.) He probably rested the half of his flock that survived on Dalkeith (See APPLEYARD), where he held a run (Heritage Study)before heading north and establishing Mt Aitken west of Sunbury. Aitken is a common entry on Trove but is not linked there with Red Hill or Balnarring. It is possible that the grantee was W.Aitken of Essendon who won prizes with his sheep, circa 1898.His son was probably the Aitken who married Miss Dwyer (at Moonee Ponds?) and was living at "Kenyer Park", Moorooduc when they celebrated their Ruby Wedding in 1945. The name also appears in relation to sport in Frankston and Carrum. I doubt very much that the grantee belonged to the family that owned Aitken's Brewery in Melbourne circa 1905.

BAYNE. (Mornington Standard 29-3-1913, page 2.) James Bayne, one of the oldest residents of the district, died at Dr Weld's private hospital at Dromana on March 16th.
DAVEY. See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.
DOWNWARD.Much has been said about Alf in the GRANTEES NEAR RED HILL journal. There is much information about the family in books available for loan, such as "A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Lime Land Leisure" and the one about Tubbarubba. There is also a good ANECDOTAL PHOTOGRAPH of the Hon.A.Downward on page 6 of the Frankston and Somerville Standard of 1-10-1924.

OSWIN. Balnarring's John Oswin's expertise regarding horses must have been widely known; he had been appointed a judge at the Shepparton Show.(Mornington Standard, 5-10-1907, page 2.)

TONKIN. (MAITLAND MERCURY AND HUNTER RIVER GENERAL ADVERTISER, 18-10-1881, page 2, Stock Movements.) Captain B.Tonkin and sons were shorthorn breeders on Tolcarne, Balnarring and seemed to be associated with the Teesdales of Western Park, Westernport and Gisborne with dealings regarding breeding stock.The property was given as Tolarne on page 7 of the Argus of 1-9-1884 where the names of the expensive shorthorns they sold (and the buyers) are listed.


Kangerong parish.
APPLEYARD. The death of Mr Appleyard at Red Hill was reported under the heading of SORRENTO on page 10 of the Argus of 30-9-1927. The correspondent reported that he was an old resident of Sorrento and that he and his late wife had conducted a drapery business there for many years.The Flinders ratebook of 1919-20 shows that Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento was assessed on 197 acres, part crown allotments 19 and 20, Kangerong. The 1910-11 records describe him as a draper of Sorrento and showed that he was assessed on 313 acres. In 1900 he'd been assessed on 546 acres.

Strangely, it would seem, Appleyard was not mentioned in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana". But I think I know why. He would have been as popular around the locality as the local who bid against the Griffith family for their historic homestead block when the Clarkes' share of the survey was sold in 1907. I found reference to a letter he wrote to council in August 1898 stating that he had opened up the road at his property and asking for it to be repaired. I thought it strange that the council decided to take no action and wondered what opening up the road meant. Then I found that the draper had (probably in February) fenced off the road, which led to a water reserve and had ordered off anyone trying to use the road. No wonder the shire treated his request with disdain!

The parish map is hard to read but part of his land may have been issued in 1889. I've also noticed that he had land between Dromana Secondary College and the junction of Harrisons and White Hill Rds. Counting this land, his grants totalled 429 acres. It is almost certain that Thomas had blocked the top of Harrisons Rd and deprived Red Hill residents of access to the water reserve which was probably on the east side of Harrisons Rd where a creek crossed into Moat's grant.

It is certain that Thomas was on that land by 4-5-1892 when the Argus reported on page 3 that George Howat had sold 493 merino wethers for T.Appleyard of Dromana. William John Brady of Mount Evergreen took him to court in 1896 on a charge of sheep stealing but Brady's barrister was not available and the case was adjourned. Appleyard researchers can chase that one up; this is supposed to be a couple of sentences, not a book!It is possible that Appleyard was leasing W.A.Blair's or Hearn's land near Mt Evergreen at the time.

Where had he been previously? Welshpool, Sorrento, Richmond, Fitzroy? I think he might have been at Melway 151 B8. George Howat sold 10 bullocks for Simmons and T.Appleyard of "Dalkeith Park" (Argus 9-3-1882 page 10) and a later sale in the 1880's shows that Howat sold 3000 merino wethers for Alf Downward of Mornington and 1000 for Thomas Appleyard of Dalkeith Park. The latter sale makes it likely that I'm talking about the correct Dalkeith. As these were the only sales conducted by Howat on that day, it is likely that both consignments had been taken to Nelbourne together. I can't remember whether Watson had bought Hearn's grants at that stage but Dalkeith seemed to be chiefly occupied by lessees, such as Alfred Head before Vale bought it later on circa 1890.(Vale's daughter became Mrs Jackson; hence Jackson's Hill at the start of the Mornington turn off. Appleyard was not the only one to move from Moorooduc parish to Kangerong to acquire a freehold, the Counsel boys did too.

Other trove articles lead me to believe that the late wife of Thomas was Eliza and that Lily was managing the drapery business.It seems obvious that Thomas was a grazier rather than an orchardist as one of his distant ancestors seems to have been.
CLYDESDALE. If any Clydesdale researchers request it (in comments), I will present the two page Clydesdale entry from my Peninsula Dictionary History that combines information from ratebooks,"A Dreamtime of Dromana", "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" etc with great genealogical and biographical information from <>. William James Clydesdale seems to have been known as James, so-called in Colin's book and rate records. He married Julia Cahill who bore 14 children. The Clydesdales were related by marriage to the Dyson, Davis and Cleine families. The birth of Martha was registered at Mt Martha! Like the Peateys, they started on the Survey, obtained grants east of Moat's Corner and worked at Bernard Eaton's gold mine at Tubbarubba.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue pioneers.
DOWNWARD.See under Balnarring grantees above. In 1900, Alf had 1100 acres in the parish of Kangerong but I have not recorded whether it was leased or owned, or its location, most likely because the rate collector gave no details. It is likely that much of this land was adjoining the parish of Balnarring at the Bulldog Creek Rd end of the Survey and was leased until the Clarke estate was sold in 1907. I have the subdivision map and details of purchasers (with the Downwards buying many lots) and a journal about the Survey and Safety Beach may be written in the future.
EATON.*Colin McLear states that Abraham Griffith was a Quaker from Philadelphia and master of a whaler who settled on the Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers. His wife's name was Rebecca and somewhere(Lime Land Leisure?)my suspicion that she was an Eaton was confirmed.Rebecca was the executrix of Watson Eaton and the grant for the 150 acre grant which he had selected before his death in 1877 (west of the Red Hill end of Eatons Cutting Rd)was issued in Rebecca's name.I will not repeat the information in "A Dreamtime of Dromana" unless the book cannot be borrowed by Eaton researchers and a request for it appears in comments. In 1865, Watson Eaton was leasing 210 acres of the Survey from Big Clarke. Who, and where, was his brother? He was probably a "Race Owner" at the goldfields, certainly in some year that I can't recall, at Creswick.
For the information of those unfamiliar with Victoria's gold mining areas, a race was a channel that carried water from a dam to where other material needed to be washed away (in a cradle etc), leaving the heavier gold, like large-scale panning. At Blackwood, surveys for races were done by a woman and the Byers back track follows an old race to O'Brien's Crossing.
Colin didn't know the name of Watson's brother, so naturally it did not appear in LIME LAND LEISURE (a copy of Colin's notes!) I did bother to find out. He was back in Dromana by 1888 as revealed by the trades directory: BernardEaton, gold miner, Dromana.The mine was of course at Tubbarubba and his former neighbours, now east of Moat's Corner, were working for him.
The Eaton legend, as revealed to Colin by Maude Eaton or perhaps his own family, has it that Watson had undertaken part of a medical degree before leaving America, but at an inquest he stated under oath that he had never been to university or received medical training. The memorial, now in the Dromana museum, shows that the lack of a piece of paper did not affect his expertise or his patients' appreciation. There may have been a third brother who came out and became a librarian in Melbourne. Benjamin Eaton,librarian, who appeared to be paying the rates of Maude (a spinster), may have been that brother's son.

HOLMES & WEADSON (WADESSON?)Somewhere in rate records not transcribed, while researching another pioneer, I must have seen something that left me with a suspicion that J.Holmes,grantee of 208 acres at Melway 191 E3, (with Vines of Red Hill at its s.w. corner and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve), was a Sorrento resident. Trove indicates that he was probably J.T.Holmes, the prime mover in an attempt to get a fish company going there and prominent in the move to get a railway to Sorrento. It is possible that his wife was Susannah whose handbag was lost on an "omnibus" in Melbourne and that William Holmes of Sorrento was his brother. There is not one mention of Laurence Weadson on trove. Perhaps he was a silent partner in the old country such as Amos was with Alex Cairns at Boneo.
PEATEY. Rosalind Peatey's "Pine Trees and Box Thorns" is not available for loan but if a request appears in comments, I can present much of its detail. * In short the family started on the Survey and obtained a grant of about 50 acres and then another adjacent one at the east corner of Harrisons Rd, extending east halfway to Gibb Rd. This land proved too wet for farming (probably meaning hay growing) so in 1878 they borrowed money from Nelson Rudduck of Dromana to buy 2 acres (south corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St) on Woolcott's subdivision of Crown Allotment 17, Wannaeue. After repaying the loan in 10 years, George and Susan moved onto the block and made a living by supplying eggs, milk, vegetables and poultry. Later their son bought a Rosebud Fishing Village block where the car park at the end of Murray Anderson Rd is now located and the drain that was renewed last year was known as Peatey's Creek. He also had a huge fishing boat which was used to effect many rescuesin foul weather. He and one of the Wongs (market gardeners at Chinamans Ck at West Rosebud) perpetrated an elaborate hoax, of which Rosalind was apparently unaware. I forget at the moment who told me about the hoax. Rosalind stated that the son (her father?, William?) was cross eyed so the market gardener made a mask with slits in the spots where his eyes should have been centred.A Peatey, probably the same son, was granted 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr from the Rosebud Public Golf Course on 3-9-1930 but due to a disability was unable to farm it; he probably sold it to L.E.P.Moran, of Moran and Cato, who built the house that is now the Carrington Club clubhouse.

Wannaeue parish.
DAVEY.See OTHER PIONEERS after Wannaeue grantees.

DAVEY. The first time I saw this name in ratebooks, I wondered if there was any connection with the Frankston pioneers. Tonight I have examined this possibility. Many websites about Frankston provide identical information about James Davey having a run south of Olivers Hill along the Daveys Bay coast and old man Davey (named as William on one site) building a house on Olivers Hill. Strangely I seem to be the first person to wonder if the two were related.They were, as shown by the Kessell family tree re the pedigree of Davey, Frankston Mornington. William, because of whom Olivers Hill was first named Old man Davey's Hill, was born in 1795 in Cornwall and was buried in lovely Frankston in 1880.(His father James, was buried in an obviously less lovely place called Mousehole, Cornwall!)
His son James, born in 1820, who married before leaving Cornwall, died on 13-7-1884 at Frankston. It might have been his grand daughters, Ethel 16 or Elsie 6, and Fanny 6, who were the Misses E. and F.Davey of Marysville, Frankston reported as having collected money for the destitute Connells of Red Hill. The really interesting thing is that the money was to be sent to Mr Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill. This was H.P.Davey who was the light and life of Red Hill for ten years before moving to St Kilda and working for Sands and McDougall in Melbourne.

GRAVES. Charles Graves was one of the tenants on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) after Henry Dunn's lease of the whole survey had ended in 1851. Mary Ann McLear was another tenant , calling her farm "The Willow". Graves became a hawker ( called Graves the tinker in George McLear's accounts book), buying merchandise in Melbourne and selling it all over the southern peninsula.George McLear often accompanied Charles and in about 1854 when they called on the Cairns family at Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) one of the blonde boys was complaining, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." In 1859, he bought Monahan's grant, directly over Pt Nepean Rd from the Dromana Drive-In and extending to Boundary Rd. After having it fenced by the Rhymers (after whom a street in Safety Beach is named), he sold it to Mary Ann McLear, his partner in the hawking business.Charles became a shopkeeper at Shoreham and somewhere in my transcriptions of rates, I have a note (completely unrelated to the information I was seeking) that Charles had about 200 acres in that area. There is much detail of the dates and prices re Charles buying and selling the property that became Maryfield in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime Of Dromana". If anyone researching the Graves family cannot borrow the book,let me know in the comments space below, and I'll supply the details.



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