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THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT PIONEERS AT RED HILL, (NEAR DROMANA) VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

This journal was formerly part of a summary of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL. Sheila gave little specific information about the village settlement pioneers on pages 41-3 of her book so I decided to fill the void. I felt that having the following information in the journal about Sheila's book detracted from the flow of the summary, so it will be deleted from that journal.


P.41-3. THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.

To avoid needless typing, certain sources will be abbreviated. MS02= Mornington Standard 30-8-1902 p.2; article entitled "Around Red Hill". FKRO2 = Shire of Flinders and Kangerong rates 1902-3. FKR19 = same shire 1919-20. KH = Keith Holmes.

HISTORIANS-BEWARE OF HASTY ASSUMPTIONS. I was excited to find a newspaper report about the Premier, Mr Patterson, visiting the Red Hill Village Settlement. Unfortunately none of the settlers were mentioned by name. I was rather puzzled that the Premier was afterwards driven to Drouin where he caught a train back to the city. Was Eatons Cutting Road that bad? It transpired that there was another Red Hill Village Settlement, near the railway line between Longwarry and Drouin, one of many communities organised by Rev. Tucker, whose committee included a Mr Rudduck. This leads me to suspect that Nelson Rudduck of Dromana may have had some influence in the Government's choice of our Red Hill for one of its village settlements.


H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell.In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present.The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the lateE.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present. I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.


Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

C.A.74a was occupied by Tom Sandlant by 1902 but he was living elsewhere as there was no house on it.(FKR02) The block was heavily timbered but Tom had been busy clearing and planting four and a half acres of strawberries.(MS02) Robert Henry Holmes owned 74A by 1919.

Keith Holmes remembers 74A being owned by Dave Holmes so he was probably a descendant of Robert Henry Holmes.

C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's.
On Charles Thiel's block adjoining (Sandlant's), as well as 5 acres of orchard, strawberries, cape gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries and black currants had been planted. (MS02)Charles' 74B was one of four blocks on which a house had been erected in 1902. (FKR02)

The Ararat Advertiser of 24-4-1915 had this article on page 3.
Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of the Red Hill district, were driving towards Dromana on Sunday and it is believed that, when they were descending Eaton's Cutting from Red Hill to Dromana, the horse bolted. At a dangerous turn in the road, the wheel left the buggy and the occupants were thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that Mr Thiele's neck was broken and he died almost immediately. Mrs Thiele is now in a low condition, suffering from severe bruises and shock.

The death notice was on page 13 of The Argus on 24-4-1915.
THEILE (sic).On the 18th April (accidentally killed)at Red Hill, Charles August William , dearly beloved husband of Lena Thiele. (Interred 20 April at Dromana.)
This notice tells us Charles' full name and that of his wife but unfortunately does not reveal his age,
descendants, parents or siblings. There may have been no children."Old residents of Red Hill" in the above article could be a reference to age rather than time spent in the area.

There is a possibility that Charles was a descendant of Doncaster pioneer, Gottlieb Thiele, who planted the first orchard in that district in 1853. After arriving in 1849, Gottlieb set up as a tailor in Melbourne before spending time at several places including Red Hill .GOTCHA! These places were on the diggings and this red hill was near Castlemaine. (The Argus 8-5-1953, p.19; Box Hill-Doncaster Centenary. Their Gold grew on trees.) A photo of Gottlieb accompanies the article. With the area being so close to Melbourne, available land for orchards would have been snapped up quickly, so Gottlieb's descendants would have had to look elsewhere after a while, and no doubt the payment terms on the Red Hill Village Settlement would have been reasonable.

The assessments of 28-11-1914 show that the name of Thiele Charles had been written for assessment number 892. The surname had been crossed out and replaced with White. On 9-11-1915, Eden White, a Main Creek farmer, was assessed on 74b.By 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 74b.


H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane. In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A11.

It is possible that Edward Bowring was related to John Bowring Journeaux, a grantee in Balnarring parish near Tubbarubba. Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Fred, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

74D. Henry P. Prossor was assessed in 1902 on 40 acres on 74D, 74C obviously being leased to Edward Bowring. As mentioned previously Henry was assessed on 40 acres (74 E and 74C) and 12 acres (part 74E).C.A.74E was stated as being vacant in the 1902-3 rates and later was bought in two parts, the northern (74E1)of 7 acres by Fred Nash and the southern (74E) of 12 acres by Henry Percival Prossor. Therefore, the 40 acres consisted of 74D and 74C in 1919.
Also assessed in 1919 was Norman Prossor. He had 43 acres and building, part 71A1 Balnarring. This crown allotment, bounded on the west by Mornington- Flinders Rd, on the south by Stony Ck Rd, with its eastern boundary and northern extent indicated by Pardalote Dr, consisted of eighty three and a half acres so Norman's portion probably fronted Mornington- Flinders Rd with the western tributary and Musk Creek forming the eastern boundary; Musk Creek joins Stony Creek in 190 G9.One might ask why there was a 71A1 when there was no 71A. I believe that 71A was to be alienated in two parts, but the grantee, Alfred Head, bought both parts on 26-5-1882 after obtaining the grant for 71B,of 116 acres south of Stony Creek Rd, much earlier.

Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prosser, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)
Henry Percival Prossor was at Boneo before he moved to Red Hill in about 1893. (Sid Prossor.)


W.MARSHALL.74G, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

In August 1902, Mr Marshall was chiefly growing peaches and apricots,which did not seem to be as successful as the usual fruits. He was also growing vegetables and strawberries.(MS02)

At the Dromana Show in 1897, Mrs D.Marshall came second, behind Mr H.Prosser,a fellow Red Hill resident, in a category for vegetables. (MS 23-4-1897, P.3.)

In 1898, W.Marshall of Red Hill requested permission from the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to cut saplings in front of his property.(MS 29-9-1898, p.3.)

The largest strawberry patches were on the properties of J.McIlroy and J.Shand but those of W.J.McIlroy, Arkwell, Marshall and H.Prosser were fruiting heavily. (MS1-8-1903, p.3.)

Colin McLear says much about William Marshall in "A Dreamtime of Dromana". P. 27 William Marshall was an early tenant on Jamieson's Special Survey, living roughly near the intersection of Pickings Rd and Lansell Ave in Safety Beach. John and Mary Ann McLear had done well on the famous John Oxley's property at Cambden, N.S.W. and in 1846 moved to the River Plenty where they took up residence on the property of Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named (and whose descendants might have owned Green's Bush near Red Hill.)

On Boxing Day,1849, John McLear, who had employed William Marshall as a groom for his horses, attended a race meeting, near the Plough Inn, Plenty, with William Marshall. John had won a bet but John Holland refused to pay up and tried to hit John with sticks and a whip, which William confiscated.One of Holland's mates hit the back of John's head and killed him. It would be likely that William would have accompanied the widow, Mary Ann, to Jamieson's Special Survey, especially if he had come with her from N.S.W.

William might have been already married upon their arrival in 1851 because he was one of a number of Survey tenants whose children attended a private school on the east side of the Nepean Highway about 400 metres north of Wallaces Rd (near the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery.)

In 1863, he was leasing 70 acres from Big Clarke, which had shrunk to 60 acres in 1865, his house still of two rooms. His name does not appear in my transcription of the 1879 rates but I did not record assessments in Balnarring rates. Alex Marshall, the first postmaster in Red Hill in 1871 had been succeeded in this post by 1873 (see page 23 in summary.) It is possible that William, the groom and 1851 Survey tenant was born about 1825 and had sons named Alex and William in about 1850. This would have made Alex about 23 when he took on the post office and William about 40 when he bought 74G.

By 1919 Frederick Nash senior owned 74G, which now houses the Greek church.


F.NASH. 74f, 19 acres south of Marshall's and 74(E1), south of 74f, containing 7 acres.

In August, 1902, Mr Nash had 6 acres of the usual fruits and more cleared and ploughed. (MS02.)
The 1902-3 assessments show that F.Nash was assessed only on 74F and that 74E was vacant. Fred Nash must have bought 74 E1 of 6 acres 2 roods and 25 perches after this time and Henry Prossor his 12 acre share.

By the 1919 assessment Frederick Nash Snr was assessed on 8 acres (part 74E), 37 acres and buildings(74 F, 74G ) as well as 40 acres (lots 6 and 7,part crown allotments 73A, 73 B.) Mrs Emmie Nash was assessed on 20 acres (lot 5, part crown allotments 73A, 73B.) Frederick Nash Jnr was assessed on 25 acres, part 13B, Kangerong.

Crown allotments 73 A and B, west of the village settlement, were granted to James McKeown. The family later moved to Dromana where they bought William Grace's grant, Gracefield , crown allotment 5 of section 3, Kangerong, consisting of almost 250 acres ( roughly Melway 159 G-H 9-11.) Gracefield Ave may have been the entrance to this farm. In about 1892, James and his son, Henry, built the Aringa Guest House at the north west corner of Foote and Clarendon Sts, which provided a living for his girls until after World War 2. The above details come from Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and the Kangerong parish map. Now I will quote Colin.

"James McKeown was born in 1831 and died aged 88 in 1920. His wife, Catherine Townsend McKeown was born at Port Fairy (I think it was then called Belfast) in 1841 and died in 1928. James migrated to New Zealand in 1853, moving to Warrnambool in 1856. His sister, Mary, had married Hill Hillas in Ireland in 1846 and migrated to Red Hill in 1855 and taken up farming. James travelled to Red Hill in 1862 and purchased 200 acres of farming land south of the current oval. He returned to marry Catherine at Koroit and they travelled to Red Hill in a bullock cart in 1863. His orchard was called Musgrove Farm and he built a wooden house on the property called Glenbower. In 1874, James cut and sold timber piles for the building of Dromana pier. The Red Hill property was sold to the Sheehan family in 1889when the family moved to Dromana.

The twelve children of James and Catherine were:
Anna (b.1864, d. 1950), Henry (b.1865, d.1916), James (b.1867, d. 1935), Williasm (b.1869, d.1950), Isabella (b.1871, d. 1932), Arthur (b. 1873, d.1937), Eva (b. 1874, d.1953), Maud (b. 1876, d.1945), Ethel (b.1879, d.1964), Ernest (b.1881, d.1941)Ada (b.1883, d.1887), Edith (b.1886, d.1987.)"

THERE IS MUCH MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE McKEOWNS IN COLIN'S BOOK. IF YOU CAN'T FIND A COPY, REQUEST MORE INFORMATION IN "COMMENTS".

73A and 73B, Balnarring each consisted of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, thus making a total of 215.375 acres. Keith Holmes told me that this became two farms of unequal size, Glenbower (adjoining the future village settlement) and Wildwood (adjoining William Henry Blakeley's 72A, which now houses the Consolidated School.) The two farms seem to have been jointly owned (by the Holmes family?)and subdivided by 1902 when properties described in "Around Red Hill" had to be west of the village settlement. The 1919 assessment shows that William A. Holmes had 147 of the 215 acres while Fred Snr and Emmie Nash had 60 acres, and Alexander Prossor 49 acres. It seems that the rate collector was fazed by all the new subdivisions (with hundreds of unknown ratepayers) and accidentally labelled Alex Prossor's land as part of 73A instead of 75A which was south of the village settlement and other Prossor land. This 49 acre block was until recently (1918-9) occupied by Charles William Ward.

In 1919, Frederick Nash Junior had 25 acres, part of 13B Kangerong. Crown allotments 13A and B, west of Andrews Lane, consisting of almost 130 acres, was granted to Margaret Davies, who was obviously a widow. The western boundary of 13B (now the Kindilan Society property) just happens to be Nashs Lane (Melway 191 A4.) As no more rate records are available on microfiche, I can only speculate that young Freddy bought more land nearby or was at the end of the lane.

It is possible that the Red Hill Nash family was descended from Charles Nash of Fairview and Bayview in Tullamarine.



H.PROSSER.74(E), 12 acres at the end of Prossors Lane with the opposite boundary parallel with Shoreham Rd.
This land was still vacant in 1919, possibly because it was too steep. Fred Nash bought the northern 7 acres (74E1, now Trevor Holmes' Cherry farm) and Henry Prossor the southern 12 acres, part of which is now owned by the Edwards family, and about 8 acres (including the old homestead) by Trevor Holmes.
The name Prossor/Prosser means son of Roger, being a mutation from ap Prosser. (Prossor website accessed through Holmes genealogy website.) See 74 C and D for other Prossor details.


T.HARVEY.74h, 20 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd from the general store to the Mechanics Rd corner.

In August 1902, Mr Harvey of "Fernside" had a 9 acre orchard which was a model of neatness, 5 acres of strawberries and gooseberries, passionfruit bearing heavily and Japanese plums.

In 1902-3, F.Harvey was assessed on 74H. By 1919, 74H was occupied by Samuel L.Holland.

Keith Holmes recalls Ethram Harvey. Ethram may have been the son of Thomas Harvey, who was building a house on the block occupied by Edward Bowring in 1902 and was probably the grantee of 74h. Edward Bowring married a Harvey girl according to Keith Holmes, so he may have married the daughter of Thomas Harvey.

In the 1910-11 assessments, E.Harvey and Joseph Harvey, Red Hill farmers, were assessed on 213 acres (23b and 23b2 Wannaeue) and 144 acres (24 Wannaeue) respectively. It would seem fairly easy to locate these properties but the rate collector did not help much. James W.Gibson, the grantee, had 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres so Joseph Harvey could not have been there. E.Harvey's land was actually 23B (about 153.25 acres) and 23A (almost 60 acres), both granted to William Hillis. Access to 23A was via Wilson Rd at its south west corner and this allotment went north halfway to Whites Rd (roughly Melway 171 H6.) Crown allotment 23B was west of this, with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd (roughly 171 J-K 5-6.)
Joseph Harvey might have had 24B, of 145 acres, granted to Nelson Rudduck of Dromana or 24D and 23A1 of a combined 146.7 acres but John and James Bayne, Shoreham graziers, still had their grant so Joseph must have had 24B. The north east corner of this strangely shaped allotment was in Heath Lane (the original end of Main Creek Rd) 70 metres from Arthurs Seat Rd and the road frontage continued south 227 metres to roughly the site of the Miceli Winery (Melway 190 A3.) There it met 24A of 50 acres, granted to J.Pierce but occupied by James McIlroy of Red Hill. which fronted Main Creek Rd and the eastern 425 metres of Whites Rd. Joseph's block fronted the next 425 metres of White's Rd, from which point the western boundary headed nor nor west to, roughly, the top left corner of Melway 171 J3.

Also in the 1919-20 assessments, T.J.Harvey of Healesville had 25 acres, part 25A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 25A, granted to Peter Watson and consisting of almost 83 acres was on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd(roughly Melway 171 J 1-2 , K2)and had a frontage to the northern 70 metres of Heath Lane; it was north of 24B which Joseph Harvey had occupied in 1910.

T.S.PARRY. 74i, 20 acres south of Harvey's with its south east corner roughly across the road from the south boundary of the Red Hill South Community Reserve.

In August 1902, Mr Parry had a two and a half orchard which had been planted in that year. The rate collector was a little confused in the 1902-3 assessments and had assessed Neaves on 74i (with Parry written above Neaves) and has assessed Davidson on 74J instead of 74K.

This block became "Kia Ora" a farm owned by a member of the Holmes clan (Keith Holmes.). The 1919 assessments seem to indicate that it had been bought by James Andrew Holmes; there was a house on the property which must have been built by Parry some time after 1902.

G.NEAVES. 74j, 19 acres south of Parry's about opposite the Station Rd corner.
In August 1902, Mr Neaves had 4 acres cultivated, mainly strawberries.

George Neaves was still on 74J in 1919. He had erected a building on it by 1902, according to that year's assessment. George's daughter, Eva, went to school with Ruth Holmes. (Keith Holmes.)

W.DAVIDSON. 74k of 17 acres opposite Centrepoint.

W.Davidson was assessed in 1902-3 (see 74i.), but the rate collector was confused.Unless my transcription was faulty, the Davidson block was not mentioned in "Around Red Hill" written in August, 1902. By 1919, 74K was occupied by Mrs Frances Edwards.
Mrs Davidson was "Dolly" Nash, who could not move one of her arm and always had it clad in a stocking.Mr Davidson's sister married a Cavanagh from Balnarring.(Keith Holmes.)

A very confused entry in the 1910-11 rates indicates that rates on a property were to be written off. The property, of 60 acres, 18A Kangerong, seems to have been leased by Jonathon Davis and to be the estate of William Davidson, care of Mrs Edwards of Red Hill. The land,on the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd, had been granted to Henry Dunn and formed all or part of his "Four Winds". The block was almost square with its western boundary extending to a point opposite Tumbywood Rd.


Areas are rounded to the nearest acre. Frances, Elizabeth and Frederick Sts are not on the village settlement but are on 75A, Balnarring, granted to J.McConnell.

MY MEMORIES IN SPORT, MELBOURNE, VIC., AUST.

I never had great sporting ability, despite my father being named in Bunyip's football team of the era 1902-1940, but had reasonable success in cross country at University High, C Grade footy at Doutta Stars, cricket and football boundary umpiring. I was prompted to write this article as I enjoyed a coffee after a trip to Red Hill today to wander down Prossors Lane and to discover William Henry Blakeley's post office and bakery. Crackers Keenan was retelling his memories in sport on SEN 1116 and my memories started coming back. Hopefully some of my memories will be helpful for descendants of those I mention when they are writing the family history.

My chief memories of sport at Bank St, Ascot Vale (till the end of second term in grade 5) and Kensington Primary and Central School involved end to end footy. At Ascot Vale State School we had to "take something off our kicks" as Denis Cometti would say, so the footy wouldn't finish up in the caretaker's residence. At Kensington the footy was always going into the boys' toilet and shelter shed. After sport at Ormond Park, the boys would walk back up the hill along Lovers' Lane on the south side of Ormond Rd to find out why it had such a funny name. The Footscray (now Kensington) Road hill would provide a challenge of one's boyhood after sport at the South Ken. Flat, to ride a bike (or wobble more like it) all the way up to Derby St.

While we were living in North St, Ascot Vale, Peter O'Sullivan used to visit his girlfriend,((Rosemary Armstead?), who lived further up the street. Peter played for Essendon and were were thrilled when he joined in our end to end.

Dad barracked for South Melbourne and wanted to buy Swans' jumper for my brother and me. Mum said that she wasn't washing white jumpers so we ended up as Essendon supporters. Mum often took us into Dicky Reynold's newsagency on the south side of Puckle St, Moonee Ponds. The Thirds used to play the curtain raiser to the senior game and Les Pridham's grandmother, who used to sit near us in the grandstand, used to yell out "Lessie, you're blood's worth bottling!" every time he did something for the young bombers.It is well dcumented how the crowds used to swap ends each quarter with the great John Coleman but I also remember how he'd squat on his haunches in the goal square chewing P.K. and Juicy Fruit from the many packets thrown to him by adoring fans. I remember the spot at Windy Hill just south of the true centre half forward position at the Napier St end where he suffered the tragic knee injury. I remember him playing in the annual old boys' game against the school team but he couldn't even get off the ground; Hasting's Deadshot Jack was no more!

At Uni High, the sportsmaster was George Murray, who was captain-coach of Footscray Cricket Club for many years. In fifth form I made it to the seconds in cricket. We used to practice with the firsts and one day my hand was nearly broken when I fielded a drive hit by Graeme Beissel; it had travelled about 90 metres all the way along the ground and was still travelling at about ninety miles an hour. Graeme was equally good at football but retired from football after coming second in the Brownlow while playing for Essendon.

I boundary umpired for the Uni. High footy team while I was in form 5. They gave the Public Schools a lesson. Members of that team would have included Ron Carruthers (Collingwood), Terry Rodgers (Essendon), John Booth (Fitzroy) and Barry McAuliffe (North Melbourne). John Booth must have pulled off the worst kick in history when he missed from the goal square against Melbourne Grammar.

In the same year (1960), Holy Trinity started an under 16 cricket team in the Churches comp. Three of the grounds (at least)involved getting wet if you let the ball get past you for a four; they were Ormond Park, John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve and Lebanon Park (homes of Moonee Valley, Oak Park and Strathmore Football Clubs.)Fielding improved out of sight to avoid a wade in the muddy bottom of the Moonee Ponds Creek to retrieve the ball. Footballs would have often finished up in the creek too. One day we played at Lebanon Park. I thought it was strange to call an oval after a country, not knowing at the time that Lebanon was the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. from which John Murray Peck of Cobb&Co. fame had come. One of the Strathmore lads hit a six which hit the wall of a house, just inches from a window, on the other side of Mascoma St. The lady of the house came storming across the road threatening all sorts of retribution but to no effect because young Daryl Gerlach launched a never-ending stream of sixes in the same direction. Daryl was a star footballer for Essendon not too much later.
DARYL HASLEM was very much a part of our cricket team despite being born with a disability that claimed his life quite early. We played our first season at the South Ken. Flat, having mowed a pitch on the grass. The flat frequently flooded and on the Friday before a match, perhaps the first, we went down to see how the pitch was. To our dismay we found that the council was pumping the water away from a flooded area-right onto our pitch. What to do? Dazza solved the problem quickly , taking the end of the hose back to the flooded area. This reminds me of an incident in 1951 when Phillip Holden, my brother and I found an old bathtub dumped at the flat when it was severely flooded. The next morning we tried a bit of rowing before school, arriving there half an hour late and covered with mud. We were not congratulated for our endeavours at an Olympic sport! Talking of rowing, I wonder if the Aussie rower at the London Games with the surname of Booth is related to John Booth of Uni High who was an excellent rower as well as playing footy for Fitzroy.

In 1961, I started at Teachers' College and became a V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary umpire. Many of my games were in the Federal League but it was a thrill to do league thirds matches at Hawthorn, Collingwood etc. I used to do extra training at Royal Park with Lindsay Sullivan a senior V.F.L. boundary umpire and met many umpires on the senior list. Bobby Dumbrell was a fitness fanatic who could do sit ups and push ups for extra periods at extraordinary speed. Stan "Comfy" Tomlins was an ex V.F.L. footballer who could smoke a fag under the shower without getting it wet. Kevin Sleeth was a jovial fellow, not really a fitness freak like Bobby, but still had a great career with the V.F.L.
JACK POTTER was just one of the great sportsmen who graced the playing fields of University High School. I think I recall George Murray saying in an interview that Jack Potter was the best cricketer he ever coached at the school. Jack was several years ahead of me and had left school before I started but qualifies for these memoirs because of our joint involvement in umpiring. As a eighteen year old, to meet Jack had me in awe and despite our age difference we trained together and sat together at the meetings. Of course we had the connection of Uni High but we shared a passion for umpiring.
When I had a bye in umpiring, I used to have a game of footy with Flemington and Kensington Methodists which played at Debney's Paddock in Flemington. My brother and many of the lads I had been to school with or knew in other ways played for them. It must have been in 1962 that Jack joined the Reserve Grade list. I can't recall whether it was the first game of the season, in other words, Jack's first game, but it was certainly early in his career.
Flem. and Ken. Meths. played in a northern metropolitan churches comp. and Jack was appointed to their game, away, against Croxton Meths. Many of the early football teams, such as the two that merged to form the all conquering Tullamarine team of 1975-9, Essendon Baptists-St Johns and Ascot Vale Presbyterians (3 churches), were composed of members of congregations and it is likely that Ken Fraser and Ron Evans attended church parades with EBSJ players as 17 year olds before joining the Bombers. However the connection between church and club was decidedly looser in the case of Croxton Meths.
Now Jack had a great personality and, I believe, had every chance to rise quickly in umpiring ranks. Unfortunately many of the Croxton Meths. players had spent several hours in the pub before taking to the field. There had been several fiery episodes in the first half but the Croxton players came upon an alcohol fuelled strategy at half time; to thump an opponent each as soon as the ball was bounced. This happened and for the protection of the victims Jack was forced to call the game off. And as far as I know, that was the last game that Jack umpired. As sport fans would know, Jack was the captain of the Victorian cricket team for a great number of years, when the annual Boxing Day clashes with New South Wales featured most members of the Australian Test team.

As I lost about eight hours of typing last night and the Tulla and Red Hill journals are screaming, "What about me?", I am going to abandon the narrative for note form. To make sense of the chronology, I will briefly outline my residence and footy/umpiring involvement through the years and influences on my attitude to umpiring.

RESIDENCE. Ascot Vale 1943-September 1950; Kensington till 1964 with a brief break at Ballan; Castlemaine 1965-6; Maldon 1967; Flemington 1968- mid 1971; Tullamarine till recently.

FOOTBALL/ UMPIRING. V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary (U)1961-2; Essendon District Football League field (U) 1963-4; Bendigo Football League boundary (U) 1965-6; Maldon (F)1967; V.F.L. Reserve Grade field (U) 1968-9; V.F.L. field (U) 1970; E.D.F.L. field and boundary for most of 1971 ending with Ascot Vale Presbyterians playing at Tulla; Doutta Stars 1972-4 (F); 1975-6 Tullamarine (F); E.D.F.L. field and boundary (U) 1977- mid 1983; V.F.A. boundary till end of 1990; A.F.L. boundary umpires' observer with responsibility for V.F.L. list 1991-2.

INFLUENCES ON UMPIRING. When I started with other youngsters such as IAN ARTSO, attending lectures at Richmond Postal Institute under advisor Harry Clayton (whose son Ian was a V.F.L. umpire and star athlete over longer distances), and read my first rule book, one line seeped into the depths of my brain: "The spirit of the laws is to keep the ball in motion." Thus rule 14b (a player lying on or over the ball is deemed to be in possession) became central to my thinking. My spirit of the laws also included unspoken aims that the lawmakers had obviously had in mind, namely to promote spectacular aerial contests and hard physical contests that would not cause serious injury. Then there was one more aim that almost every footballer or fan would agree with:look after the player going for the ball.

From the start, I umpired with my voice rather than my whistle. "Don't hold or shepherd, eyes on the ball, run and jump" in ruck and marking contests, saying and meaning "get it out" when a player was tackled. Nobody wrestled like Wayne Carey and Gary Ablett. Bodywork in ruck and marking contests was legitimate. I would average four ball ups a game. I once did a game while on holidays in Rockhampton in 1978, because two of the four umpires were unavailable, the fellow who'd done the first game had left and the bloke doing the second game was almost out on his feet at half time. I raced home to grab some gear and got back in time for the third game.The players afterwards told me that they had not believe a game of footy could flow so freely and complained that they wouldn't be able to walk for a week.(Major Queensland towns had six teams, thus three games each week , all played on the same ground. They also had six Rugby League teams.)

Harry Beitzel started the rot for me when he limited V.F.L.umpires to a maximum of 50 free kicks a game. That meant that in the split second of decision time in the first minute of a game, when a tackle was laid, the umpire would think "Gee, if I pay this one, I'll have to do it all day" instead of did he have prior opportunity and is he REALLY trying to handball. He'd end up balling it up, thus creating packs. The next player would hatch the ball rather than giving it up as a loose ball, knowing he would not be penalised. Commentators praised such hatchers. The tacked player's team mates would not bother to get into position for a handball because there was no need to do so any more.
Apart from my desire to keep the ball moving, I also wanted to prevent serious injury and it concerned me that Carlton's Adrian Gallagher used to duck his head to evade tackles. The advisors instructed the umpires not to give him a free for around the neck but I went a step further, penalising a player who ducked and was tackled with fair intention and announcing, so every player would hear, that I would not allow players to deliberately put themselves in danger and cause opponents the emotional trauma that Essendon's Jim Carstairs suffered when he accidentally blinded Brian Johnson of North Melbourne.


When the two umpire system came in, I could not operate with most umpires as they were turning the beautiful game into the rugby described above. Imagine what a farce it would be: footy at one end and rugby at the other. It wouldn't lead to consistency of decisions and would be terrible for the players. Therefore, I lost ambition to get to the top as a field umpire and dropped down a level every time two umpire games were introduced.My new ambition was to have the captain of the losing side congratulate me after the game. Then I fell in love with the Under 16 competition. This was the last the E.D.F.L. saw of the really good players. I remember with fondness a game at Oak Park (captain, Andrew Coates) when a skinny little Anthony Rock was introduced to me as Hadfield's captain. When I walked onto the ground, there was a fellow with a video camera, Ian Coates, who with Billy Dellar had made me so welcome on the A.F.L. list in 1970. Sadly Ian already had the motor neuron disease that killed him but I was to run many V.F.A. games with Andrew.
Paul Chapman played Under 16footy with Blessed St Oliver Plunkett's (BOPS), now North Coburg Saints, in the 1980's. I remember a game at Tullamarine in which the crew-cut Paul took two screamers. Paul umpired at the same time in the Oak Park social league and used his experience to invent a new way to draw a free for around the neck, bending his knees to lower his very erect head. Now of course the Selwoods of this world simply raise their arms so the tackle slides up. How easily most umpires are sucked in!

One great influence on my umpiring came about in 1965-6 when I boundary umpired in the Bendigo League. It did not have its own umpires group so the field umpires such as my old mate Max Beer were sent by the V.F.L. and each club had two boundary umpires who did only home games. I trained at Castlemaine's Camp Reserve and knew the players well through this, travelling to away games, activities such as car trials (where I won but lost!), basketball and the social interaction that is a part of country towns. I didn't want to report my mates, so to be fair, I didn't want to report anyone. This meant that I had to develop a sixth sense so that incidents could be prevented. Much of this was the backward look a split second after the ball had been propelled down the ground (See John Knott.)

This sixth sense was best illustrated by an incident in the 1987 V.F.A 2nd Division Grand Final between Brunswick and Oakleigh. Steve Parsons, a key participant in the infamous Windy Hill bloodbath while playing for Richmond, was trundling the ball out of Brunswick's last line of defence only metres from the left hand boundary line with my attention being on the line and the ball which inevitably cross the line. When I signalled to the field umpire I noticed a strange look on Steve's face. I immediately stepped between Steve and the Oakleigh player to whom he was bound and settled him down. That night the videotape revealed the reason for his silent agitation, a punch in the guts.

Generally the game sucks at the moment. The ruck wrestling between Dempsey and Moore decades ago is still far too evident and the player who desperately dives on the ball IN ORDER TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT is treated like a criminal while his opponents who jump on his back, tackle him around the neck, push the ball back under him and basically do everything in their power to break the spirit of the laws (to keep the ball in motion) are rewarded with a free kick for holding the ball. Unless umpires are instructed to remove the death penalty for diving on the ball and to ensure he is tackled properly, a rule needs to be introduced that a player in possession on the ground may only be tackled by a player who remains on his feet. This would probably remove 50 per cent of ball ups. Cox and Buddy Franklin throw their opponent out of aerial contests (surely you firstly HOLD something to throw it!

SPORTSMEN I HAVE KNOWN.(Post 1962.)
1965-6
LES KANE. Former Hawthorn full forward coaching Castlemaine in 1965.
DEREK COWAN. Succeeded Killer Kane as coach and twice won the Bendigo League B&F, the Mitchelsen Medal.
KEVIN DELMENICO. The Delmenicos were prominent and were probably another Swiss Italian family that pioneered the Yandoit/Franklinford/Hepburn area. Kevin played for Footscray.
ROBBIE THOMPSON. Robbie was a star rover who went to Essendon. I think he played for High School in basketball.
PETER HALL. Peter was a tall player, like Kevin, who went to Carlton. Victoria's Minister for Education looks remarkably like the handsome young bloke I knew.
IAN SARTORI. Ian was a speedy skilful magpie, who like Kevin was probably a descendant of Swiss-Italians. (See Franklinford journal re Sartori.)
ROBBIE ROSS. I'm fairly sure Robbie was No 23 for Castlemaine. He was the receiver for High School's quick breaks that made opposition sides attack with only four players. (See Tarz Plowman.)
DAVID BROAD. David, like Robbie, was playing for Castlemaine as a 17 year old and was also in the High School basketball team. After a game one night, he took me into a meeting of the Develop Castlemaine Committee, and with such an interest in community affairs as a teenager, it was not surprising that he became a Shire Secretary.
KEVIN SHEARN. Kevin who was a mate from teachers'college could kick a country mile and played for Golden Square and I think was the coach. He had played for Northcote.
BRYAN CLEMENTS. Bryan was another teacher college mate, a ruckman who had played for Fitzroy. I think he was playing coach of Eaglehawk.
GEOFF BRYCE. Geoff worked for the S.E.C. and started basketball in Castlemaine. I hope their stadium is named after him. Geoff was not really tall and had some fingers missing but his rebounding and ball control was first class. He obtained the use of the Drill hall for our second season.
JIM BERRY. Jim, a policeman, and I were Geoff's lieutenants in getting the basketball association up and running,the three of us refereeing with a novice while they mainly observed until they had grasped the rules and gained confidence. Three of the teams were The Rebels, Fosters United and High School. The first season we played outdoors at St Mary's and then we moved into the Drill Hall. The High School team was mainly made up of young Castlemaine footballers such as Robbie Ross and his brother, Possum.Jim Berry was killed in a road accident not long after I left the 'Maine.
KEN HOWARTH. Ken, known as Lanky, was obviously tall and I believe played for Fosters United, in the basketball. Like Jim Berry, he was later killed in a road accident.
GEORGE SKINNER. George Skinner and John Bassett were the much feared opening bowlers for Muckleford. George went down to Melbourne to play District cricket if my memory is correct.
JOHN BASSETT. John and his wicket keeping brother, Graeme, made Muckleford a powerful side. Sadly, Graeme is very ill.
CHARLIE OLIVER (STEPHEN)The funny thing is that I never met Charlie. He was a cricket and footy legend. He played cricket for North Castlemaine which played in B Grade while Guildford and Maldon, for which I played, were in A Grade. In footy he was probably playing for Harcourt, Campbell's Creek or Newstead if he wasn't retired. During the summer, I couldn't wait to get my Castlemaine Mail and see if Charlie had made another century. Sadly Charlie lost an arm in an accident. His son Stephen, (presently C.E.O.of the Bendigo League?), was chased by Carlton and played a handful of games but preferred the country life and coached the maggies for some time. That reminds me of two other stars in the area, Ron Best and Doug Cail, century kicking full forwards, the latter playing for Northern United.
IAN O'HALLORAN Ian was a lovely fellow whom I think I met through basketball but it could have been footy. He was a former Geelong player.
TARZ PLOWMAN. Tarz (short for Tarzan)was Kyneton's full forward and was built like Sorrento's Scott Cameron only on a larger (not taller) scale. Not matter how high Robbie Ross jumped' he couldn't spoil Plowman's marks because Tarz was about a metre from back to front. Yet he could develop considerable speed on the lead and dish off a handball quickly to a team mate running towards goal.
1967
RAY McCUMBER. I have a feeling that Keiran Keogh played for Maldon but the player that I remember best was Ray McCumber. His magnificently timed drop kicks usually travelled at least 60 metres and I never saw him fluff one.
REX BEACH. Rex Beach was the Shire Secretary at Maldon and was the captain and a very good batsman for Maldon during my season there.

1968
JACK IRVING. Roughnut was a former V.F.A. umpire with a considerable playing background, who had much success as a V.F.L. umpire. When I returned to the Reserve Grade in 1868, he was the adviser.
BRYAN QUIRK. When I gained promotion to Kensington State School in 1968, I was Bryan's Grade 5 co-ordinator. He was a young man from Morwell making his mark on the wing for Carlton. Peter Dunleavey, the Art and Craft teacher, came to me on the last day of term 2, the day before my marriage, and said that Quirky wanted to see me. Reluctantly I left the two grades I was teaching (about 72 grade 5's) because Maureen Ginifer was ill. Quirky wasn't in his room.Returning, I was just about to pass the sick bay when its door opened and I was dragged inside by a host of bodyless arms which proved to belong to Dunleavey, Quirky and one or two others. They tied me on the bed which I regarded as being superior to being stripped. After they'd left I'd almost done a Houdini when they returned and retied me.Soon after a child from Maureen's grade came up and I asked if I was in the sick room. Peter's reply was a classic: "Yes but he's tied up at the moment." Bryan and I enjoyed recalling this incident much later when he was coaching Oakleigh in the V.F.A. Bryan had been the coach of the footy and cricket teams until his jaw was broken but was content to leave this task in my hands after he was able to resume teaching.
LAURIE DWYER. This speedy, skilful North Melbourne winger often conducted footy clinics at our school. Twinkletoes used his ballroom dancing experience to evade opponents in the heat of battle. What a true gentleman Laurie was!
ALBERT SCHOLL. Albert was the longtime secretary of the Churches Cricket Comp. and when I was 17, he arranged for me to play with North Essendon Meths. whose base was the Cross Keys Reserve. Our fast bowler was Vic Bubniw who was later a ten pin bowling champion. Vic was so fast that little me acting as fine leg/longstop often had to stop the ball which had only bounced once(on the pitch) inches from the flags.
BOB CHALMERS.Albert's death caused great sadness but Bob Chalmers was to fill the void. He was not only a longtime secretary of the comp. but wrote its history and that of the Aberfeldie school. His work in recording the history of the Essendon area is extraordinary. He also gave great service to Sport as secretary of the Essendon and District School Sports Association.
1970
ALAN NASH, ROSS SMITH. When I was promoted to the V.F.L. list Alan was the adviser. I remember him telling the umpires not to pay free kicks for kicking in danger when somebody (St Kilda's Brownlow Medal winner, Ross Smith, was given as an example) dived for the ball when an opponent had commenced to kick it off the ground.
BILL DELLAR, ANDREW COATES. Some umpires get big-headed when they reach the top but these two certainly didn't. They were welcoming to the most insignificant list novice such as me.
BILLY RYAN'S TWIN BROTHERS. A mark that Bill Ryan took in the 1st semi in 1968 is on the wrbsite called A.F.L. Greatest Marks. It is far from the best mark that Billy ever took; it would rank about 50th in the marks I saw him take. He was spectacular five or six times a match! He had twin brothers that played in the Mallee. One match that I had in the area was a bit fishy: Rainbow v Bream. They might have played for one of those teams, or perhaps Chinkapook. Anyway, I had one bloke pegged as best on ground by quarter time. He'd take a stratospheric mark at centre half back and pass to the wing, a few tackles, a hand pass, a blind turn, another tackle, a handpass, a pressured high kick to the goal square, and, blow me down, that high flier at C.H.B.has plucked another mark from the clouds 15 yards out. This had gone on for twenty minutes and I thought I'd better have a look at his number, not an easy thing for a fieldie if he's in the right position. He took a mark near the centre and I pretended to run the wrong way. At half time, the team sheets arrived and I said to the bloke from Superman's club, "That number ** is sure taking some speckies!" The team manager replied,"He's Billy Ryan's brother. So is number**; they're twins!" That solved the mystery but now I had a problem. They had already taken about fifteen marks each so I had to work out who was to get the three votes. If you think I'm exaggerating about their marking numbers, consider that brother Bill took 22 marks against Hawthorn in 1968.
1972
GRAEME LEYDIN. Graeme Leydin had been a year or two ahead of me at Uni High and had probably played in the same team as Bobby Clark (Footscray) and Ron Evans (Essendon.)He had been a former pupil at Flemington State School and was teaching there when Bryan Quirk's jaw was broken and I was propelled into the job of coach of the Kensington State School footy team. I taught the boys how to tense themselves when bumping, how to lead with the shoulder rather than the head when entering a pack and to always back up team mates in case of an overcooked pass or an errant bounce. We walked to the quaint ground next to the Flem and Ken bowling club, practising moving the ball from one end of the ground to the other against the stopwatch and playing practice matches against North Melbourne Colts. We played Graeme's team in the first game and beat the nineteen goals to one. In congratulating my boys after the game, Graeme said that he had been confident that his boys could win the premiership. As it turned our neither of our teams did so. Moonee Ponds West had about six boys a foot taller than any of ours and the ball never got low enough for the Kensington boys to reach it.
Graeme and I would meet at every meeting of the Ascot Vale School Sport Association, of which I became the secretary. When I started at Doutta Stars, Graeme was the coach.

JOHN SOMERVILLE.Our Club song was often sung after the senior side's games but rarely after my C Grade team's games. The tune was that of the Theme of The Mickey Mouse Club (D.O.U. T.T.A. S.T.A.R.S.) One memorable day the whole club celebrated as if a premiership had been won. That was probably the day that former Essendon star, John Somerville kicked about five goals from outside 50 yards to obtain victory for the C Grade side. As one would assume it was his only game for my side.
RAY FAIRBAIRN. Itchy was a veteran when I arrived at Douttas but was still a very good defender. His family had a bit to do with areas of interest for me, having been pioneers near Ballan (using Fairbairn Park as a holding paddock) and at Mt Martha.
MARCHESI BROTHERS.These two were tallish players who took fine overhead marks and probably sons of the North Melbourne player of a decade or so before.
ALAN GRACO. Alan Graco was a former Essendon player and his grandfather was probably the grantee of a closer settlement farm at East Keilor between the future Western Ring Rd and Norwood Drive houses (inclusive). The family had previously lived in Broadmeadows Township(Westmeadows) until 1919. Ten year old Norman Graco had accidentally shot David George Cargill, the son of the township's much loved butcher, Robert Cargill on 4-10-1919. The family was shunned by the townsfolk so they moved away. (The late Jack Hoctor, Google CARGILL, GRACO on trove.)
BOBBY PARSONS.Bobby was a ruckman and later acted as a trainer for the Stars before taking up umpiring with the E.D.F.L. with some success.
TAMBO, NARRER. Tambo was a very good player for the senior side and Narrer, a thin ruckman for the C Grade side. Someone on finding out that I played for Douttas asked me if I knew (whatever Narrer's real name was). I eventually found out that this person was actually Narrer but I've forgotten his real name now. It's very rare that anyone is actually called by his real name at a footy club!
1975-6
PETER OWEN. Peter struggled to get a game in the under 17's (I was told) but I have never seen such a complete footballer outside the V.F.L. His disposal on his non-preferred foot under extreme pressure was something to marvel at. He was captain-coach of Tulla's last two or three of their fivepeat and then coached Strathmore to a premiership in 1980.
ROBBIE EVANS. It never occurred to me but it is possible that Robbie was related to Ron Evans. Ron and Ken Fraser had been recruited from Essendon Baptists-St John's and formed the attacking part of Essendon's spine for many years. Robbie was a high marking forward for Tulla but at Coburg he was a star full back for many years.
PATTY POTTER. Patty wasn't a footballer but he was part of the fabric of a great Club. Thanks to Patty, Tulla was one of the first local clubs to have every game videotaped for the coach's review and for fans to view in the clubrooms.
RAY CAMPBELL. Ray wins my label of most determined player ever. Some (I never heard them)said that he wasn't an A Grade player but I'd be a rich man if I'd got a quid every time I saw him beat three A Grade opponents all on his own.
TED JENNINGS. Ted Jennings was the President of Tulla during its fivepeat (1975-79)and set the tone of sportsmanship for every player and fan. He acted as goal umpire for the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 11 side years earlier when they broke the ice at the Lancefield Rd (Melrose Drive) Reserve at 8:30 or some such ungodly hour on Saturday mornings with me on the boundary, Betty Davies yelling and Marty Allinson coaching.
RUSSELL PARKER. Russell, who ran a place in the Stawell Gift and organised the Tullamarine Gift, was a dedicated secretary and trainer for the Demons for a great number of years.I hope he has been given a life membership. He was a good player, who with his brother, Robbie McDonald etc came from Ascot Vale Pressies.
LEO DINEEN. Leo's grandfather was the teacher at Tullamarine (Coders Lane; S.S.2613) in the 1930's and Leo was an early suburbanite on the Triangular Estate. He started Little Aths.(as part of the Youth Club with his wife Shirley) and was involved in the formation of almost every sporting body in Tulla. He started the SONIC a monthly community rag that let all the fledgling community organisations gain support. The Spring St Reserve, and probably the merger of Tulla-Ascot Pressies and E.B.S.J. to form the Tullamarine Football Club, were largely due to Councillor Leo Dineen.
In about 1990, two years into my research, I requested Keilor Council to rename the Spring St Reserve as Leo Dineen Reserve but they replied that they did not name things after people who were still alive. However his son had read in my histories that I hoped this would happen, and after Leo's death, he approached me to support his move to resubmit my request. Luckily my "The Suburb of Tullamarine", produced for the 1998 Back to Tullamarine had much material from Leo detailing how the Commomwealth had paid most of the cost of Broady, Sharps and Lancefield Rds and so on. I had researched Leo's negotiating skill that had solved Tullamarine's Battle of the Halls in old Progress Association minutes. With such evidence of Leo's great contribution to Tullamarine and Keilor Council, how could Hume Council refuse his son's request?
1977-1983
LINNY WESTCOMBE, BRENDAN SMITH. Linny and his brother (Rod?)played for Glenroy and Brendan Smith played for West Coburg. They both had short fuses and my sixth sense, developed at Castlemaine needed to be on full power when I did the boundary in their games. They were both great players.
CAN I HAVE MY FOOTY BACK UMPY? The mention of Glenroy has refreshed a funny game I did at the oval near the Oak Park Swimming Pool. Glenroy U.18's played their home games there because there were too many teams to fit on Sewell Reserve. This was before the freeway and there used to be a procession of trucks up Pascoe Vale Rd. The match ball very soon found its way onto Pakka Rd and went off with a wonderful bang. The spare ball met the same fate not too long after. The closest description of the atmosphere would have to be the current Mars Bar Advertisement when the mountaineer compares the brakeless train's woes in the frozen mountainous wastes with his experience on Mt Everest but says to a nearby youth: "But you have a Mars Bar son!" The difference in this situation was that the lad was a 10 year old with a full size football. He yielded to his "responsibility" but held his breath every time the ball went a few metres east of the goal to goal line!

(JOHN?) KNOTT, RICKY McLEAN.I think his name was John, but I'm not sure. He was one of the best field umpires I saw while boundary umpiring. He had great control and was onto behind the play stuff. Once we had Ascot Vale at the Walter St Reserve. Ascot Vale was a really historic club and had celebrated its centenary before it was booted out of the E.D.F.L. Their ground was used for umpire training, tribunal hearings and grand finals during my time.
After his V.F.L. career, Ricky McLean had gone to Ascot Vale , joining one or two brothers there. In this particular game Ricky McLean had used his strength and skill to gain possession and kick it, under pressure,60 metres down the ground where it was about to be a certain mark to an Ascot Vale forward, when the whistle blew. Ricky had a go at the opponent that had legitimately bumped him as he kicked and Knotty paid the free kick to the opponent. From then on, Ricky was an angel.
I had been told that Knotty had coached Yarraville to a premiership and when I entered Knott, Yarraville on trove, I discovered that the Knotts were a fairly old Yarraville family, a brother in law of Joseph Knott having drowned in 1919, a member of the family having transferred from Footscray to Yarraville in 1928 etc.
Postscript. Knotty's name was John, he replaced the leading goalkicker as Yarraville's spearhead in 1963 and became umpires' adviser of the Western Suburbs League for seasons 1981-2. (google.)

BARRY HARRISON RICHARD VANDERLOO ANDY CARRICK. Richard Vanderloo was the son of a Glenroy man awarded an O.B.E. (or O.A.M.?)for his services to the Glenroy community. I think Richard was a Pro runner and he had a beautiful running style. He and I did the boundary in the interstate game against(Norwood, S.A.)and A Grade grand final in 1981 but in the first game or so of the 1982 season, the adviser, Barry Harrison, told us both that we were far and away the best boundaries but he was starting a youth policy and we would not be getting the top job again. I was disappointed but he had a point because I was about 39. Barry was later a V.F.A. observer (See Ronny Chapman.) In 1982, to keep my morale up, I set myself a challenge, to run to suburbs alphabetically. Somehow or other, this scheme found its way into V.F.A.folklore and I blame Andy Carrick. I think I remember Andy coming over to the V.F.A. for a while. As well as running alphabetical suburbs (Kew for Q because Queenscliff was a bit far), I used to do hill climbs (10X Afton St etc)in preference to swallowing rubberised bitumen at Aberfeldie Park. One night I talked Andy into doing the Gaffney St hill ten times. We only did it once and he said he'd never do another road run with me unless I carried a cab fare.
JACK HARRIS. Jack was the E.D.F.L. Administrator. Barry Harrison decided to devote a meeting night in about May to goal setting. Umpires were challenged to achieve the highest possible goals. David Richmond, a colleague at Gladstone Park Primary was umpiring with the V.F.A.and I had intended to have a run with him at Royal Park. I went a few days after the motivational meeting but found they'd left the rooms. I caught them and as I made my way through the group looking for Dave, I was impressed with the atmosphere of comradeship that was so evident. Arriving back at the rooms, I met the Adviser, Jim Chapman, the equally little bugger I could never beat around Albert Park Lake.

MID 1883-1990.
TERRY WHEELER.DANNY DEL-RE. After a handful of games in the Panton Hills League, and some seconds games, glowing reports from observers such as Billy McWilliams saw me appointed to a Yarraville game in the last home and away round of 1983, not bad for a 40 year old recruit. I had to report a Yarraville player, the last V.F.A.umpire to do so as it was the club's last game. The next year I became a regular on the first division panel and as a Williamstown supporter in the glorious 1950's, looked forward to doing a Willy game. Despite my reluctance to report players, Danny Del-Re was a naughty youngster and I had to do my duty. Terry Wheeler defended Danny to no avail but I became a fan of his that night. His pre-game whispered instructions (audible through the thin umpires' room wall)were just so logical and measured, just like his defence of Danny at the tribunal. When Terry coached Footscray, I became a doggies fan. I think Terry had respect for my efforts as a boundary umpire as well because of comments I heard him make to his assistants.

PHIL CLEARY. He was a cheeky little mongrel. This incident would never happen today because umpires are required to stay detached from scuffles. But as you know by now, I wanted to prevent reports not make them. Terry Wheeler and Phil were wrestling on the ground and I crouched down, practically kneeling so they could see and hear me, and told them to cut it out. Cheerfully Phil, who was on top, agreed and carefully placing his hand on Terry's face, he stood up. I think Terry was laughing too hard to seek retribution.
KENNY MANSFIELD. I should have reported Kenny but I was laughing too hard. I don't know whether it was Phil's idea or just popped into Kenny's mind at that instant. Two tactics that I would never tolerate as a fieldie were very common in the V.F.A. and V.F.L. in the 1980's. The most serious one was the swinging tackle with a closed fist, such as the one that lit Steve Parson's fuse in the 1987 Grand Final. The other tactic was to stand over an opponent who had been awarded a mark or free and was on the ground. The opponent had to walk backwards, doubled over, to get out from between the legs of the man on the mark.
Kenny didn't back out and did not stay doubled over, he just stood up, with his neck and shoulders hoisting the "groinal area" (as the SEN1116 boys call it)of his opponent, and not really gently either. I really should have reported Kenny for misconduct but I'm glad I didn't because that was the last time I ever saw the Stand Over tactic used in any competition.
MARTY ALLISON CAREY HALL. Marty Allison coached the under 10 boys, who became under 12's with much success. The boys then moved up to the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 13's, with Geoff Chivell as coach. Three of the very good players at the time were Bryan Allison, Carey Hall and Ian Scown. Bryan had a long distinguished career with Coburg. Carey Hall became a champion cyclist and married Kathy Watt. Ian Scown had talent to burn and was able to evade opponents with clever weaving and sheer speed but thought he'd get away with it forever. In the school team nobody was allowed to bounce the ball unless a team mate had told him to; if this rule had applied elsewhere, Ian would have played in the V.F.L. Instead he gave the game away in the under 16's when opponents (now catching up in maturity) managed to chase him down.
RINO PRETTO AND BUTCH LITCHFIELD.The V.F.A. game that gave me the greatest enjoyment was a second division game between Oakleigh and Sunshine at Oakleigh. Rino kicked 10 goals for the Oaks and Butch kicked 10 for Sunshine. Sometimes numbers of goals kicked can seem better than what they really are. Such as when an unopposed player is running towards goal and the full back has the no-win situation of deciding whether to just let him kick the goal or to try to put him off and see a handpass lobbed to the full forward.
The game was a non-stop series of fierce man on man contests with hardly an uncontested possession any where. There were no players 30 metres away from an opponent as we see in many games today and the only way a player would be set free would be as the result of a great handpass or shepherd. The leading and footpassing was superb all over the ground but the passes to the full forwards were so clever. A lightning quick lead would be acknowledged with a grass cutter that required a dive forward,Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead whose making a spoil impossible. Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead, whose opponent had taken front position and would be held out of the drop zone by legitimate bodywork . Don't ask me who won. When football is played so beautifully and you are part of the game, what do scores matter.

JOHN SUMMERS, DOUG GOWER. As mentioned before there was tremendous friendship between everyone on the V.F.A. list. At training, people preferred to run with people who would help them gain maximum fitness and with whom they had a special bond. I made the finals panel in my first full season and was in it till my last season, 1990, when I received the token appointment of emergency boundary for the grand final. And when the sun and new- mown grass announced the start of the finals, I didn't need to find new training partners; the three amigos were all in the finals panel again. John and Doug ran many First Division grand finals. Johnny knew every player and every player knew him.
RICHARD LESLIE. Richard Leslie and Richard Vanderloo were the most stylish boundary umpires I ever saw. Both seemed to float across the ground. Richard Leslie had a fine A.F.L. career.
RON CHAPMAN. Ronny Chapman must have been one of the earliest triathletes (or perhaps he did biathlons, that is, running and cycling.) One day he turned up for training after a fall from his bike and looking at his lacerated skin nearly made me faint. I often did road runs with him when the hockey ground was too sloppy to run on but used to leave plenty of room between us or I would have finished up with cracked ribs as Ron's arm swing had his elbows always 30 centimetres from his body.
Ron's mother must have forgotten to wash his mouth out with soap when he was young, if you know what I mean. Ron and I were to run together one day and someone on the panel knew that Barry Harrison was observing. Barry had a passionate dislike, swearing, and some of the panel, who knew about this warned Chappie to watch his tongue. Did he? Not @$%^&*$% likely! Barry went red!
STEVE DONOHUE. Having umpired the 1985 and 1987 V.F.A.versus V.A.F.A.games and 2nd Division grand finals, I decided that I had achieved all I could have visualised at Barry Harrison's motivation night and it was time for this 44 year old to retire. Part of the reason was that the V.F.L. was going to take over the V.F.A. and call it the Victorian State Football League.
I went back to the E.D.F.L. and did the first practice match at Strathmore. They hadn't even bothered to mark the lines properly and I was disgusted with the lack of the professionalism I had known in the V.F.A. So I pushed to the back of my mind the thought of the V.F.A. haters gloating over their revenge for Footscray's defeat of Essendon in the 1924 charity match and the defections of Ron Todd, Bob Pratt, Laurie Nash, Des Fothergill, Soapy Valence etc to the V.F.A.
Steve Donohue was the boundary umpire adviser for what was called the Development Squad, which was made up of promising youngsters from local leagues and some V.F.A. umpires who had remained. I think there was only one division now, and Steve told me that I'd have to start at the bottom and work my way up. It didn't take long until Steve was ringing Bill Dellar and telling him that there was a new boundary on the senior panel. When Steve answered Bill's query about how old he was, Bill spluttered, "Forty four, that's too old to be a goal umpire!"
1991-2.
BILL SUTTON. Bill was the boundary adviser for the V.F.L./A.F.L. Confusing isn't it? The V.F.A. became the V.F.L. and the V.F.L. became the A.F.L. How are footy historians going to explain what V.F.L.means when talking about the number of games played by a footballer in the last quarter of the 20th century. Was Barry Round a V.F.L, V.F.A. V.F.L. player? Bill was a top official in the professional running game.
At the end of the 1990 season, Steve Donohue, who obviously had respect for my dedication as a boundary umpire, since he made me the emergency in the Grand Final, asked me if I would help him as an observer. He had already used me as a mentor for youngsters such as Richard Leslie's brother, Sam.
Luckily there were several grounds near Tullamarine, such as Coburg, Preston and Brunswick, most of my observing being done at Coburg but Frankston and Preston were the best grounds for a good view. I would observe the last half of the reserves and the whole senior game. After a while Steve saw that I was capable of looking after the V.F.A. (that's what I still call it!) and he could help Bill with the senior boundaries.
ADAM McDONALD. There was one boundary that looked older than he probably was but the first time I saw him, I gave him my maximum rating of ten. And that happened every other time I saw him. A rating of 8.5 would probably get you onto the finals panel. I'd submit my finals panel at a meeting in early August and then we'd have another meeting early in our grand final week. "Are you sure?" asked Bill, Steve and Laurie Pope when I told them that I had nominated Adam McDonald for a grand final spot. I told them exactly why I was sure and Adam was in.
RABBIT FOOD.I quite like salad but after a long day,but you need something a bit more filling at 8p.m. The A.F.L. was so lousy that we struggled to get sandwiches or pies for our meetings, and don't forget that the travelling to observe was done at my own expense.We got a ticket to the grand final but there was no reserved seat so you had to get there at 9 a.m. and ask somebody to mind your seat while you went to the toilet.
I resigned after the 1992 season. I often wondered what had happened to that young fellow I had gone to bat for when others doubted his ability. The trouble was that I couldn't remember his name. Much later (2011) it popped into my head and I googled AFL, McDONALD. Well done, Adam!

DO SURNAME LIST AGAIN SO ALL NAMES GO IN. PROOF READ.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago

TULLAMARINE:BEFORE THE JETPORT. THE FILE HAS BEEN FOUND.

A limited printing of this history was done for purchase at the Back To Tullamarine in 1998 with all proceeds going to the Gladstone Park Primary School. The pioneers at the 1989 reunion had expressed disappointment that they could not buy a copy of the handwritten Where Big Birds Soar, which I will later reproduce as a journal.

This journal has been prompted by Elaine Brogan (see comment under the Patullo journal) who told me yesterday that the book must be made available. No pictures or maps will be available here but you will know what they are about. I am killing two birds with the one stone here because the text will later be able to be pasted into a file in which I will be able to place the maps etc. For some reason, the original file disappeared. When I have produced this file, I will supply it to the Broadmeadows Historical Society.
Unfortunately photos from Olive Nash, the Crottys etc were photocopied and are not of great quality. The photo of Alec Rasmussen's picnic at Cumberland would have been a beauty. However, I may be able to ask Neil Mansfield, who is currently transforming the maps in my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" to professional quality, to improve these too.
I will be writing this journal one page (of the book) per day, (or the equivalent amount of text) because I cannot neglect the other journals that I am currently working on. The original text will be slightly changed because I am writing for family historians rather than oldtime Tullamarine residents and more detail will be given of pioneers in the area near Tullamarine. As I no longer have my extensive notes from rate records, Victoria and Its Metropolis, local histories, directories etc but much of the information is remembered, a name or part of it might appear in brackets with a question mark to indicate that I am relying on memory. The text may also change because it is much faster for me to write off the top of my head than slavishly transcribe the previous text verbatim. The original book is available for perusal from the Essendon Historical Society.

Although this is primarily a history of Tullamarine, many residents of Greenvale, Bulla and Broadmeadows are mentioned as well.


HERE GOES!

TULLAMARINE:
BEFORE THE JETPORT
My name 1998.

Photos. PICNIC AT CUMBERLAND 1911 FOR THE TULLAMARINE COMMUNITY. A WHOLE CART-LOAD OF HAY IS LIFTED BY A POLE AND SLEW AT HARRY NASH'S FAIRVIEW. COLIN WILLIAMS AND OTHERS IN FRONT OF HANDLEN'S HOUSE. THE DALKEITH HOMESTEAD ON THE NORTH CORNER OF DALKEITH AVENUE.

INDEX
TO BE DONE WHEN TEXT IS FINISHED BUT NO PAGE NUMBERS IN THE JOURNAL.
A.
CROWN SECTIONS, GRANTEES AND ACREAGES, PARTS OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
MAP

B. FARM NAMES IN THE SAME AREA OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
MAP

C. THE PROPERTIES.
HEADING TOWARDS BULLA ALONG BULLA RD (NOW MELROSE DR.)
LEFT SIDE.Mansfield's Triangle 89 ac.; Bayview (Nash, Campbell, Denham, 139 ac.); The Elms (Parr, 104 ac.); (S?)inleigh (Anderson 41 ac.); Love's dairy farm (257 ac.); Scone (Mansfield, Alf Wright, Alan Payne, Airport terminal area, 83 ac.), Gowrie Park (Thompson and Duncan, Ritchie, Donovan, Bill Ellis by 1960, majority of airport, 560 ac.); Glenara (Clark 1030 ac.)

RIGHT SIDE. (Starting at Wirraway Rd, Melway 16 C7.) St Johns (Stevenson of "Niddrie", Cam Taylor, 300 ac.); South Wait (John Hall, Jack Howse, whose family operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel across Bulla Rd, and bounded by Dromana Ave,Louis St and Rodd Rd, which burnt down in 1899; 1928 railway bridge; Camp Hill/Gowanbrae (Kennie, Lonie, Williamson, Gilligan, Morgan, Scott, Small, Cowan, 366 ac.); Junction Hotel/Cec. and Lily Green's "Green's Corner" store and petrol pump; Broombank (O'Nial/Beaman, Cock, Williams, Morton, Ray Loft, 34 acres); Peachey's dairy (Boyse Crt area-J.F.Blanche, Alf and William Wright, Peachey, 6.5 acres); Holland's 6 acres and Handlen's house on 1 acre (The Melrose Drive Recreation Reserve); Morgan's 2 acres; Sunnyside (Wright, Atkins, Heaps, 43 ac.); Fairview (Nash, 100 ac.); Love's 77 ac. wedge; Smithy (Munsie, Fred Wright); Glendewar (William Dewar, Alf Wright, Johnson, W.Smith, 407 ac.); Danby Farm (Hill, 20 acres.)

BROADMEADOWS RD (from Sharps Rd to Forman St, the part north of the junction now called Mickleham Rd.)
WEST. Dalkeith (half of Kilburn's 400 acre Fairfield, later Harrick's; 200 ac. George Mansfield who built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910, Dawes, Ernie Baker,Loft,Dawson, Percy Hurren who was postmaster and storekeeper at Jones' Corner, Moorooduc in 1950 and attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951); Junction Hotel and the Junction Estate i.e Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Crts; Strathconnan (Wright, Kaye, 142 ac.); Lockhart's "Springburn",198 ac.; Judd's "Chandos Park" 123 ac. including Westmeadows footy ground (Percy Judd, Bamford.)

EAST. Mansfield's Triangle, Viewpoint (E.E.Dunn, later Wright's northern 159 acres and John Mansfield's Grandview of 169 acres south to Camp Hill Park.); Stewarton/ Gladstone (Neil Black, Peter McCracken 1846-1851, Maconochie, Kerr, John Cock 1892-2012, Helen Melville, A.E.Hoadley, L.Roxburgh-after whom Roxburgh Park, Cameron's "Stony Fields" was probably named, Jim Barrow, F.N.Levin, 777 ac.)

SHARPS RD.
SOUTH. Hillside/Carinya Park (James Sharp, Reddan circa 1928/Joe Thomas, 294 acres); Broomfield (Crotty 243 acres.)
NORTH.Mansfield's Triangle (to Broadmeadows Rd); Fairfield (Kilburn, Harrick;400 acres), divided into, from about 1910, Dalkeith 200 acres and Brightview/Ristaro (Reddan/Doyle, 200 acres.)

ANNANDALE AND ARUNDEL RDS TO McNABS RD.
LEFT. Nash, Tom and then Arthur 188 and 165 acres (the 165 acres probably being Chesterfield, leased by the McCormacks whose daughter married Maurice Crotty); Glenview/ Dunnawalla (Alf Cock/John Fenton 254 acres including lot 10 A.C.S., ); O'Donnell's, later Frewen's lot 11 Arundel Closer Settlement, 32 acres; Arundel (Section 1, parish of Tullamarine, north to Oakbank and Barbiston- 1841 Bunbury,1843 Cameron,1853 Edward Wilson, 1868 Robert McDougall, 1889 Rob. Taylor 1904 The Crown resumes all of section 1 and part of section 2,Annandale.) Arundel Farm (the homestead built by McDougall on 179 acres with closer settlement lots 3 and 4 of 113 acres across Arundel Rd -1910 J.B.McArthur, 1925 Arthur Wilson, 1935 Frank Smith, 1949 W.S.Robinson, 1962 W.W.Cockram.)

RIGHT. Annandale (Bill Parr, 165 acres); Geraghty's Paddock (Mrs Fox and John Fox who had their own name for the farm which I can't recall, 121 acres), lots 7 and 8 (no long-term occupants, 200 acres)lot 6 81 acres; Elm Grove, lot 5 of 71 acres, Wallace; lots 3 and 4 (part of Arundel Farm.)

D.
McNABS RD.
WEST SIDE starting at south end. "Turner's", named after William Turner who was occupying it in 1861, was purchased from James Robertson (Upper Keilor) in 1903 by the McNabs. Originally part of Arundel sold by Edward Wilson; Arundel Closer Settlement lots 1 and 2, 128 acres, Fox; Seafield River Frontage 96 acres; Barbiston (to the west south of Barbiston Rd, 165 acres, Fox); The second Victoria Bank (Mrs Ritchie, Angus Grant, C.P.Blom, Griffin, Al.Birch, Shaw who called it Rosebank, 95 acres); Aucholzie (Ritchie, Murphy, W.Cusack, Gilbertson, 284 +110 acres in Keilor and Bulla Shires; Glenalice and Roseleigh (Mansfield etc.633 acres.) The corner of Mansfields and McNabs Rd was known as Farnes' Corner and it is likely that Charles Farnes owned part of Fawker's subdivision between Roseleigh and Gowrie Park. The hill towards Deep Creek was known as Gray's hill because of Donald and Agnes Gray, the only purchasers in Fawkner's co-operative apart from the Mansfields to stay there for a long time.

EAST SIDE. Oakbank (320 acres including the first Victoria Bank of 160 acres adjoining Seafield, McNab); Seafield (320 acres, plus the river frontage, John Grant, Bernard and Joe Wright, England and Jim Kennedy, Reddan.)

GRANTS RD.
NORTH. Gowrie Park, Scone. SOUTH. Seafield including Seafield School 546 where Incinerator Rd (if extended about 200 metres) would meet the runway. Ecclesfield (Spiers, Vaughan, Alfred Henry William Ellis, 101 acres); 37 acres on the south east corner (John Wright by 1913, William Wright by 1930 and on which Emily Aileen Ellis had just replaced Victor Williamson in 1943.

NOTE. Most of the remaining portion of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive. Ellis's corner was in Melway 5 D6. Gowrie Park was sometimes a single property and sometimes two properties, the smaller northern part, Gowrie Side, being purchased circa 1960 from the Donovans.(Full title information in my "Early Landowners:Parish of Tullamarine" can be supplied if requested.)

The Browns Rd area near the Arundel bridge was part of Section 1 (Arundel). This must have been sold quite early, becoming the Guthries' "Glengyle" and the abode of Thomas Bertram after whom Bertam's Ford was named. I have produced a journal about the Bertrams and there is much detail about the Guthries in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.

CHANGED NAMES.
BULLA RD. Now Wirraway Rd within Essendon Aerodrome and Melrose Drive from the railway bridge in honour of Jim Melrose, a pioneer aviator. Part of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive.
WRIGHT ST. South of the freeway, Wright St has been renamed Springbank St to prevent confusion for emergency services etc.
VICTORIA ST. (COMMONLY CALLED NASH'S LANE.)Renamed Greenhill St but now closed.
GRANTS RD. As above.
BROADMEADOWS RD. North of Green's Corner (the 711 garage of 2012), it is now called Mickleham Rd. It of course led to Broadmeadows Township and only went as far as Fawkner St. Journeys to the north would resume at Ardlie St. Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, was never made (refer to Harry Heap's story) but has been used to avoid massive traffic jams for Greenvale and Roxburgh Park residents, allowing them to travel at a reasonable speed through the Orrs'old Kia Ora to the top of the Ardlie St hill.
BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP is now Westmeadows.

FOOTY FELLOWS.
"Running with the Ball" by A.Mancini and G.M.Higgins reveals the first of two connections between the 880 acre "Cumberland" and Australian Rules Football. Thomas Wills bought section 7 Will Will Rook at the first land sales held in Sydney in 1838. Soon after, Thomas and Horatio Wills joined other "overlanders" such as Hepburn and Gardiner. Thomas may have sold Cumberland to Coghill soon after or actually lived there for a while. He eventually settled at "Lucerne Farm", the site of the Latrobe Golf Club (Melway 31 C12.)

Thomas Wills was the uncle of Tom Wills who created Aussie Rules in 1858 after experiencing another formative football code at Dr Arnold's Rugby School in England.(No doubt he had seen aborigines playing Marngrook too!) Thomas was also the stepbrother of the mother of Colden Harrison who codified the rules of the game in 1866, and became known as the father of football. The V.F.L. headquarters in Spring St was known as Harrison House.

Alexander McCracken was the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club as a 17 year old Scotch College student, the team playing on the Filson St, Harding St area of his father, Robert's, "Ailsa". Alex was the foundation President of the Victorian Football League from 1897 until resigning shortly before his death in 1915. He lived at North Park, now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St, Essendon but also had Cumberland as his country retreat where Alec Rasmussen conducted his picnics in 1909, 1910 and 1911 and the footy man could indulge his other great sporting love with the Oaklands Hunt.(See "The Oakland Hunt" by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)

PAGE 1.
BEFORE THE WHITE MAN.
The history of the Tullamarine goes back tens of thousands of years. Evidence of this has been found at a quarry on the Arundel Closer Settlement (Melway 14 K2) by James White in 1940 (the Keilor Skull)and later at Green Gully (the wetlands at Melway 14 G8)as archeological websites reveal. There is much confusing information about the aborigines. For example Doutta Galla was said to be an aborigine tribe and was said to mean many trees or no trees. The Woiworung were a language group which used the word Kulin to describe themselves.They consisted of the Wurundjeri, between the Maribyrnong and the Yarra with a famous axe quarry at Mt William near Lancefield, the Bunwurrung whose territory skirted Westernport and Port Phillip Bay(Nerm) as far west as the Werribee River, another tribe west of the Maribyrnong (two of whose phrases "I can hear a ringtail possum" and "a clump of she-oaks"gave the names of parishes west and south of the Saltwater River, Maribyrnong and Cut Cut Paw, the latter including Raleigh's Punt (Maribyrnong), Footscray and Braybrook Junction(Sunshine.)SEE MARIBYRNONG: ACTION IN TRANQUILITY.

One word which illustrates the spread of the Kulin (who hate being called Koories as this term comes from another languge group) is wonga. This meant bronze-winged pigeons and was used by the aborigines (who named features of places rather than the places themselves) to indicate a food source at specific times of the year. Arthurs Seat was called Wonga by the Bunwurrung, the reason for the name explained so well by Colin McLear in "A Dreamtime of Dromana." Surveyor Wedge heard his dusky friend say Yarra Yarra as they stood near the falls at the foot of Queen St and assumed that it was the name of the river. The aborigine was describing a feature, water rushing or tumbling, exceedingly so, as indicated by the repetition. Can you think of a place that might have had tumbling water and pigeons? What about Yarrawonga? It's a long way from Wonga Park and Arthurs Seat isn't it?

The aborigines were not as nomadic as most people assume. They travelled mainly in family groups and covered small areas which could provide for their needs in different seasons. The eel race which gave the name to a Seaford road and Eeling Creek at Rosebud give a clue to what the aborigines were doing at Solomon's Ford (at the end of Canning St in Avondale Hts) and at the two sites mentioned where creeks discharged into the Saltwater River.

Tullamarine, also called Bunja Logan, was a naughty lad. If my memory is correct, he stole potatoes from George Langhorne's aboriginal mission on Melbourne's Botanical gardens site but later, much more seriously, he led an attack on John Aitken's "Mount Aitken, west of Sunbury. He and Gin Gin escaped from the first lock-up by setting fire to the thatched roof.

Two words of interest in the Sunbury area are Goonawarra (black swan) and Buttlejork (a flock of turkeys, probably meaning emus, used as the name for the parish (across Jacksons Creek from Goonawarra) where the majority of Sunbury Township was located. As compensation for using fence posts intended for Robert Hoddle, George Langhorne, was supposed to have supplied the surveyor with 100 aboriginal words, among which were local parish names such as Jija Jika, Doutta Galla, Cut Cut Paw, Will Will Rook (frog sound?), Tullamarine, Yuroke, Bulla and Buttlejork. The odd one out in regard to local parish names is Holden, west of Jacksons Creek and including Glencoe, the site of the Sunbury Pops Festival, and Diggers Rest.

THE ANNALS OF TULLAMARINE.
1824. The first white men to pass through the area were those in the Hume and Hovell party. Cairns indicating their route were erected near Woodlands Historic Park (Melway 177 J7) and St Albans (13 J8.)

1835. John Batman arrived first and on behalf of the Port Phillip Association, bought much land to the north and west of the bay. Having followed the Saltwater(Maribyrnong) River to Gumm's Corner(named after his servant "Old Jemmy" Gumm, who later caused problems by working for Fawkner), he headed east to conclude his one-sided treaty with the aborigines.Batman then returned to Van Dieman's Land to finalise arrangements, leaving Jemmy and others at Indented Head, Near Portarlington to warn off intruders. They were saved from a murderous attack by Aborigines due to a barely intelligible warning from William Buckley, a convict at Sorrento in 1803 with J.P.Fawkner's father, who had escaped and had probably not spoken English for 32 years.
Batman's "Place for a village" at the top of Batman Ave is highly misleading because his preferred site was more likely Fisherman's Bend.
In his hotel in Launceston, John Pascoe Fawkner had heard Batman's boast of being the greatest landowner in the world and had immediately endeavoured to hire a ship. He had many problems, as described by C.P.Billot in "The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" and when all of these had seemingly been solved, the captain put him ashore just before departure because of financial matters that little Johnny needed to put in order. Fawkner invented seasickness to cover up this embarrassment. He instructed Captain Lancey to explore Westernport, but finding this and the Mornington Peninsula's west coast unsuitable, the party finished up at the waterfall at the base of Queen St and the natural saltwater basin just west of it. The falls, which ensured that the fresh water upstream was not contaminated by salt, were later blasted away and used for dockworks.

1836. Batman and Fawkner had reached some sort of compromise with the latter concentrating his agricultural efforts south of the Yarra but Governor Bourke had acted quickly to stop these overstraiters claiming land that rightly belonged to the Crown. (The aborigines of course had no rights but the unified and fierce Maoris in New Zealand won a treaty!) Bourke was of much the same mind as Batman regarding the place for a capital. A sandbar made it difficult to reach the basin and waterfall referred to previously so he named the most likely site William's Town after the King. Batmanville or Bearbrass or "the settlement" was named only in honour of the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne (whose name is correctly pronounced by Americans, with the emphasis on the second syllable!)

Soon land had been surveyed and sold in both towns and instructions were issued to survey from Batman's Hill (Spencer St Station site) along the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds, dividing the land into parishes of about 25 square miles. West of the creek was the parish of Doutta Galla and east was Jika Jika. North of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine was the parish of Tullamarine and north of Rhodes Pde-Boundary Rd was the parish of Will Will Rook. The parish of Tullamarine was mainly divided into 640 acre (square mile) sections except near creeks and was the last of these parishes to be sold.

1837. Land in the parish of Will Will Rook was sold and speculators, Hughes and Hosking bought much of it. When land values plummeted in about 1843 because of an over-supply of mutton, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought their land at bargain prices. Donald's widow sold her land between Rhodes Pde and Camp Rd in 1874 but the Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows township remained in the family's hands until 1929. Duncan sold his Glenroy West/Jacana land to James Chapman during the land boom of the late 1880's. The name "Glenroy" was bestowed by Camerons and it is possible that there was a family connection with the Kennedys. The author of "The Oakland Hunt" is D.F.Cameron-Kennedy! A whole ship load of Camerons came out in early times and it is not known whether there was a close connection between the Camerons of Glenroy, Ruthven and Stoney Fields (Roxburgh Park.)

The Campbells bought much land between Sydney Rd and the Merri Creek and one of Tullamarine's pioneers, John Grant, was to make his start at Campbellfield. Later grantees in this parish included Camerons of Ruthven, the Gibbs of Meadowbank and Robertsons of Gowrie Park (related through the Coupar sisters), and John Pascoe Fawkner of Box Forest (Hadfield.)Much land in the parish was later leased by John Kerr and Baker, both dairymen on a large scale.

1839. John Grant starts leasing land at Campbellfield. A decade later, he and his in-laws, the McNabs were to select land in Tullamarine.

Land in the parish of Jika Jika was sold.John Pascoe Fawkner was to make a purchase on his own account. His grants at Hadfield, Airport West and especially in the parish of Tullamarine in about 1850 were obtained on behalf of his beloved yoeman farmers, for whom he organised co-operatives. His Jika Jika grant was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Nothumberland Rd and Gaffney St. A later opponent of squatters, he was himself a squatter on a run near Mt Macedon which gave Monegeeta its name and was spared financial ruin during the 1840's depression only because his grant, Belle Vue Park, was in his wife's name.
Fawkner built a timber house which may have been extended as a double storey house by J.English in 1879. This stands at the top of Oak Park Court, as do the stables, now a residence, which were definitely built by Fawkner. Also near the house is an ancient oak tree, one of many planted by Fawkner, which led a later owner, Hutchinson of the Glenroy Flour Mill, to rename the estate Oak Park.

Fawkner did have to sell the part of Bell Vue Park east of Pascoe Vale Rd; the part south of Devon Rd was sold to H.G.Ashurst, after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named, and became John Kenan's Merai farm. He leased three farms fronting Rhodes Pde to tenants such as a Mr Hownslow who may have been related to Alf Hounslow, a Tullamarine pioneer.I believe that another tenant was Joseph Bowring; the Bowrings and J.Bowring Journeaux, pioneers near Red Hill might have been related to him.
His neighbour on section 23 Doutta Galla, across the Moonee Ponds Creek from the present John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve, was Major St John, a corrupt Lands Commissioner and magistrate. In his paper, the 5 foot 2 inches Fawkner let St John have it with both barrels and was sued for libel. Fawkner was found guilty and fined a laughably small amount; St John fled in shame.

1840.William Foster and his younger brother John (known as "Alphabetical" Foster because of his many given names) gained a 10 year lease of Leslie Park. Both of them had Leslie as a given name. The land on which their run was situated was soon surveyed and the lease was probably cancelled in 1842. It was probably in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine. William was granted section 21 Doutta Galla and section 3 Tullamarine which fronted Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John was granted section 20, Doutta Galla which was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the Maribyrnong River, extending south to the line of Spence St; this was called Leslie Banks and was later leased to William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend at Keilor and owned by the Delaheys for many decades. The land straddling Sharps Rd became John's after William returned home and gained the name of Springs. This caused confusion because residents on Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were both described as living at Springs! Most farms along Steeles Creek (fed by the springs and Spring Creek)such as Springfield, Spring Park, Spring Bank and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie)had names reflecting this regular water supply. To prevent the confusion mentioned earlier, Keilor Rd pioneers, such as James Laverty, were later described as living at Springfield.

John Murphy rented land on Glencairn (Melway 177 F12), later granted to Coghill, which became part of Walter Clark's Glenara. He later moved to Diggers Rest but Pat Murphy who was on Aucholzie (Melway 4 D5, homestead) by 1913 may have been related.

1841. Michael Loeman, who established Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island in 1850 (hence Loemans Rd which bisects the "Island") starts working for Dr Farquhar McCrae on "Moreland", bisected by Moreland Rd and named after a plantation in the West Indies owned by the doctor's uncle. (McCrae had bought La Rose and started building the bluestone homestead at the Le Cateaux corner in Pascoe Vale South, which was mainly constructed by Coiler Robertson. Loeman rented Moreland for 14 years and was granted land near Kiaora St in Essendon. The Moreland Rd bridge was called the Loeman Bridge and Loeman St in Strathmore was so named by his good mate, John Kernan.
Michael was involved in the Bulla Road Board/Shire from the beginning in 1862 and for very many years.

Alexander Gibb starts leasing land at Campbellfield which became Meadowbank and Gowrie Park, the latter granted to James Robertson. Alexander built the homesteads of both farms, the first remaining in original condition in Glenlitta Ave. James Gibb and James Robertson both married Coupar girls if my memory of Deidre Farfor's information is correct. Alexander's son, Alexander Coupar Gibb, who like his father was a shire councillor, moved to Berwick and became a member of parliament. Gibb Reserve in Blair St, Broadmeadows is named after this pioneering family.
N.B. The Robertsons of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield should not be confused with the Robertsons of Upper Keilor/ Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie or the Robertsons of La Rose/ Trinifour (Park St, Essendon near the railway line.)
Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm (of the same name) on section 14 Tullamarine, which is now covered by the majority of Melbourne Airport.

1842. Tullamarine parish is alienated (sold by the Crown.)Although several sections were sold immediately, much of the parish was not granted until about 1850. It is likely that the rest of the land was withheld from sale until potential buyers recovered from the depression. Whole parishes were not released for sale at once; advertisements for crown land sales found on trove demonstrate this. Section 1 became known as Arundel but seems to have been called the Glengyle Estate when the Guthries were on it before the Bertrams. Section 5 was called Stewarton; the grantee is shown on parish maps as George Russell but he bought it on behalf of fellow squatter, Niel Black, who probably wanted the 785 acres to hold his stock which was brought from near Colac by drovers.By 1846, Peter McCracken had started a nine year lease of Stewarton but sadly one of his sons did not make the move to the Kensington dairy and the Ardmillan Mansion. He drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek after accompanying his older siblings who would have crossed near Pascoe St (Westmeadows) to go to school in St Paul's church in Broadmeadows Township. John Carre Riddell was granted sections 6 and 15, the part fronting the present Mickleham Rd north of Londrew Crt becoming Chandos (later Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos (on which Bamford built his timber house.) Riddell later did a land swap with J.P.Fawkner so that all of his land was on the north east of the present Melrose Drive with Hamilton Terrace,divided into acre blocks, between the 1847 road, known as Mt Macedon Road, and Derby St, and the rest of the Camieston Estate becoming farms such as Fairview (Charles Nash) and Sunnyside (Wallis Wright.)

1843. John Martin Ardlie bought part of the future Viewpoint and Eyre Evans Kenny part of Camp Hill from the Crown. Streets in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) are named after them, Neil Black who had bought Stewarton
and a Mr Raleigh who may have been Joseph Raleigh, pioneer at Maribyrnong (originally called Raleigh's Punt). The first school in Broadmeadows Township was on Raleigh's land until St Paul's was built in 1850.

Major St John bought 23 Doutta Galla, that part of Essendon Aerodrome north of English St and Strathmore Heights/North which tapered as the creek headed south east to just include Lebanon Park at its eastern end.This land later had succession of owners with Flemington butchers, the Mawbeys, being most prominent.
Then it was split into two parts with Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" owning the 300 acres nearest to Bulla Rd and Robert McDougall of "Arundel" owning the 200 acres to the east. Niddrie was bounded by Treadwell Rd and roughly Olive Grove in Airport West, extending northwards to about Fraser St but the name came to describe the suburb south of Keilor Rd.Arundel was across Bertram's Crossing,north of Keilor, so Harry Peck's statement that McDougall and Stevenson were neighbours would not make sense without the knowledge of their land near Strathmore.
Harry said that the two shorthorn breeders were bitter enemies because McDougall favoured the Booth strain and Stevenson the Baines strain. Only a life-threatening emergency would make them speak to each other!
Cam Taylor later had St Johns (300 acres) and the late Gordon Connor told me that it was always green in the middle of summer because of Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. Gordon lived in Moonee Ponds but would help out with the harvest at Grandma Nash's "Fairview". When the first (northern) part of Essendon Aerodrome was opened in 1922, it was called St John's Field.

In the depression which reached its peak in 1843, Coghill at Glencairn and Raleigh at Maribyrnong established boiling-down works that helped some squatters avoid complete ruin. Tallow, the end product, was sent to England and returned as candles etc. George Coghill was probably also in occupation of Cumberland. It has been said that the expense of building the beautiful Cumberland homestead (ruins at Melway 178 C12) ruined him. (There is at least one photo of the house in D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oaklands Hunt" and I.W.Symonds has his sketch of it in his "Bulla Bulla".)

W.P.Greene settles on "Woodlands". Two Bulla street names honour his family, Rawdon being his son and Greene St (misspelt as Green St by some dill), was the diagonal western end of Somerton Rd which led to the southern boundary of "Lochton". The groom brought out from Ireland to care for the family's prized thoroughbreds was Thomas Brannigan who later established St John Hill across Konagaderra Rd from Harpsdale. It was at Brannigan's that Tullamarine pioneer, Maurice Crotty, first worked when he arrived in Australia.One of the Brannigans had a huge reputation as a rider.

1844. William Dewar establishes "Glendewar (Melway 5 D5) on land granted to his former employer, John Carre Ridell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne and lives there for 41 years. John Lavars, later to establish his Greenvale Hotel at the south west corner of Somerton and Mickleham Rds, starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville.

1846. Peter McCracken starts a nine year lease on Stewarton (the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens). During this time his younger son drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek (near Pascoe St) after accompanying his older siblings as they walked to school (at the newly built St Paul's Church) in Broadmeadows Township. In 1855 he moved to his dairy at Kensington (Melway 42 J4) while his "Ardmillan" mansion was built at 33 Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. Due to debts incurred through the faied private railway to Essendon, Peter was forced to sell Ardmillan in 1871 and moved to Powlett St, East Melbourne.

The Dodds and Delaheys settle at Oakley Park (the part of Brimbank Park south of the E-W transmission lines.) The Delaheys later owned "Leslie Banks", section 20, Tullamarine, between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the river, north of Spence St.

At about this time, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought thousands of acres of land granted to speculators Hughes and Hosking north of Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and stretching as far north as Swain St/Dench's Lane near Gellibrand Hill. From 1857, the Glenroy West/Jacana area was Duncan's share. Donald lived at Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill and his widow sold Glenroy in 1874.

Robert McDougall starts leasing on Glenroy. After 14 years, he spent 10 years on Aitken's Estate (Mel.27 G4) before settling at Arundel in Tullamarine. He also owned the eastern 200 acres of St John's whose grazing value would have been seen as he travelled between Melbourne and Glenroy much earlier. It was here that he and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (who owned the western 300 acres of St John's) were non-speaking neighbours, as Harry Peck described in "Memoirs of a Stockman".

William and Catherine Fanning purchase 144 acres at the south corner of Loemans Rd and the Diggers Rest Rd on Tullamarine Island. Edward Fanning, still in occupation, supplied me with much information about this area of Bulla in the 1990's. (See Kathleen Fanning's excellent website about the Fanning family and Martin Dillon, which has an excellent map of the shire of Bulla Bulla.)

1849.Edmund Dunn establishes "Viewpoint" ((6 B12.) A trustee of the Wesleyan church, he had no pangs of conscience about exiting his property towards Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid the toll gate at Tullamarine Junction (site of the Junction Hotel/Cec and Lily Green's store/Mobil garage and from about 2011, the 711 service station.)

David O'Nyall is running the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Springs. This name, Springs, was confusing because it described the location of James Laverty in Keilor Rd as well, the two locations being at the north and south respectively of William and John Foster's property, "Springs". David O'Nyall's hotel was a stab kick south of the Melrose Drive/Derby St corner and became part of "Broombank". (See itellya's O'Nyall-Beaman journal on Family tree circles.) It adjoined 6 1/2 acres south of Derby St that was part of J.C.Riddell's Camieston Estate and was owned by J.F.Blanche,became Stephen Peachey's dairy and was subdivided by Snowy Boyse, after whom Boyse Crt was named.

1850. Townships are declared at Bulla, Broadmeadows and Keilor. These later became the headquarters of three shires and still boast old shire halls, Keilor's having originally been a court house.

The remainder of the land in the parish of Tullamarine is alienated (sold by the Crown) to Kay, Chapman and Kaye; Loeman; and Fawkner (on Tullamarine Island); Grant and McNab brothers (section 8), Thompson and Duncan (section 14), and George Annand (section 2); Phillip Oakden (9A, the southern part of "Aucholzie) and A.Banthorne (9B,Barbiston and the Seafield River Frontage).

Section 8 was split into three, the northern 320 acres becoming John Grant's "Seafield". John had spent 11 years leasing at Campbellfield and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to Barber and Lowe's mill at the pipeworks market site (7 J10.) John also bought part of Oakden's grant at the south corner of McNabs and Barbiston Rds as a river frontage. He donated land for the Seafield National School (1859-1884) where the line of Incinerator Rd would meet the runway at Melway 4 J6.

Duncan McNab bought the middle farm of 160 acres, which he called Victoria Bank and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale. His sons, John and Angus,returned in 1880,Angus establishing a second Victoria Bank on 95 acres, formerly owned by widow Ritchie, between the north side of Barbiston Rd and Aucholzie.

John McNab called the southern 160 acres Oakbank. The Oakbank estate of later days included the first Victoria Bank, Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12) and a part of the Upper Keilor Estate indicated by Oakbank Rd (4 B11.) John's sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Assessments named them McNab brothers because there was such duplication of given names in Duncan's family. (This Scottish tradition led to the Cairns family of Boneo needing to use nicknames for almost every descendant such as Hill Harry and Carrier Harry!) Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup and Oakbank at Yendon near the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The McNabs also had land (Green Gully/Dunhelen at the boundary of Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future "Cairnbrae" (above Melway 177 D1.)Due to the given name confusion referred to above, I do not know whether they were from the family of the original Duncan or John.

John, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly "in-laws". Oakbank John's son Angus Duncan McNab married Elizabeth Meikle, whom he'd met while mining in Queensland, and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who, with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith,farmed Oakbank until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960.

Harry Peck said in "Memoirs of a Stockman" that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayshires in Australia. (The Tasmanian herd was based on Oakbank's progeny according to a stock pedigree website! See itellya's McNAB journal on family tree circles.) The McNabs are said to have imported the first Ayrshire cow (Oakbank Annie)into the country but the Grants also claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the locality was renamed) at Melway 178 H6.

The McNabs and John Grant probably occupied at least one seat on Keilor Road Board/Shire from 1863 until 1973 with William McNab serving as President five times.

W.Hall (possibly the father or brother of John Hall who established South Wait) received the grant to the land on which Caterpillar was built, extending south to the line of Dromana Ave. He also had land on Keilor Rd and for a short period had the Tuerong run (on the Mornington Peninsula) at about this time.

The Mansfields buy land(straddling Panton Drive) in the southern half of John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of section 13, Tullamarine. The Grays bought their land extending into the horseshoe bend in Melway 4 A2 at this time and were the only other original buyers to become established there. The hill rising from Deep Creek was known as Gray's Hill. Malcolm Ritchie, who had land on Tullamarine Island as well as Aucholzie, would have travelled this hill often so it is no surprise that he married Jane Gray in 1856. William Trotman, who became a pioneer at Greenvale bought lots 1-4 (Melway 4 G3) fronting the south side of the main east-west runway in 1853.

Eventually the Mansfields owned most of the blocks on both sides of Mansfields Rd. Roseleigh, whose homestead remains on the south side (driveway in 4 D3)included land on the north side. North of Roseleigh was Glenalice whose beautiful homestead stood right near the east-west runway and was built with payments made by a speculator who went bankrupt during the 1890's depression. (See itellya's journal about the Mansfields on family tree circles.)

Captain Hunter establishes "Lochton" (177 C4). Six years later a flour mill was built on the property by a Mr (David Robie? See I.W.Symond's "Bulla Bulla")Bain. I believe the Chapmans, whose haystack was burnt down at Saltwater River in 1856, but not on Tullamarine Island which had been sold to the Faithfullswere leasing from Captain Hunter in 1856.In 1857, George Chapman(who established Sea Winds on Arthurs Seat) came to Australia and married Elizabeth Bain in 1865.The Tullamarine Chapmans moved to Springvale and George may have stayed with them before moving to Dromana in 1862. Nelson Rudduck, Dromana pioneer of 1871 married Jane Sophia Chapman. (A Dreamtime of Dromana Pages 58-60, 75-8.) This suspicion of a Chapman/Bain link between Bulla and Dromana may seem far-fetched but so too was the idea that Percy Hurren, the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner Moorooduc in 1950 was the same bloke that owned Dalkeith (west of Broadmeadows Rd) after Leslie King Dawson. A Moorooduc pioneer confirmed that Percy had bought land up near the airport and Percy attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951!

St Paul's Church of England was built in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows.)

Robert Shankland, later to settle on Waltham at Greenvale, builds the original section of Dean's Hotel at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Dean St at Moonee Ponds. (Shankland's biography in Victoria and its Metropolis. )

1851.
John Dickins, of whom many details are included in Harry Peck's "Memoirs of a Stockman", establishes "Coldingham Lodge" (Melway 176 D-F 8-10) south of Dickin's Corner (176 D7)and bounded on the east and south by Jacksons Creek.

Malcolm Ritchie works on Glencairn (Melway 4 A-G 1) for George Coghill and likes the look of Aucholzie nearby (Melway B-G 6.)

1852.


Charles Nash establishes "Fairview" on lots 1-6 and 15-20 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate between Victoria and Wright St (Roughly Melway 5 G 6-7.) (Lands Office Volume 80 folio 902, vol.89 fol.203.)
Victoria St was named after the young Queen but Tullamarine residents called it Nash's Lane. Wallis Wright must have bought adjoining land soon after. After about 1923 Harry Heaps' family occupied Wright's "Sunnyside" and locals called Wright St Heaps Lane.
Charles Nash also bought "Bayview",109.5 acres,(between the e-w section of Trade Park Drive and the Catherine Ave/Janus St midline) part of section 3 Tullamarine,and a smaller block containing Tarmac Drive, from the Fosters. Vol.180 Fol.402 and Vol. 176 Fol.787. Purchasers near Fairview and Bayview were prominent Wesleyans such as the Andersons.The Wesleyan School No 632 was established at the bend in Cherie St, at the south east corner of Bayview in 1855, and the Methodist Church was builtin 1870 on Charles Nash's small block which had a Bulla Rd frontage at the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive.

Charles Nash sold the block for the church for 10 shillings (probably the transfer fee). The Nash, Parr and Wright families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church for well over a century.(Church Centenary Souvenir, 1970.)

David O'Niall builds the "Broombank Homestead" 70 metres from Bulla Rd at the end of a driveway that is now Millar Rd. He had been running the Lady of the Lake Hotel for three years. In 1852, travellers bound for Sydney were advised to go up Deep Creek (Bulla) Road and take the road to the right when they reached the Lady of the Lake. The road to the right must have been the present Derby St (which does a left hand turn to enclose the one acre blocks of "Hamilton Terrace", named after J.C.Riddell's partner, Hamilton) but continued through the unfenced "Chandos", bought by John Peter, vol.170 folio 2, to Fawkner St, Broadmeadows Township, now called Westmeadows.
After crossing the timber bridge, travellers would climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd. Obviously, Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd between Tullamarine Junction (Melway 15 J1) and Fawkner St) was not made at that stage.

Colin Williams told me of the huge number of coins his father found 40 years later while ploughing near the old hotel which had burnt down in about 1870. John Cock leased Broombank 1867-1882 and told Colin's dad, who moved in about six years later that there were ghosts. Ray Loft, who married Margaret Millar, leased the farm for many years but could not buy it until the death of the remaining O'Niall spinster in 1933. Catherine and Minnie refused to sell for sentimental reasons. (See 1860.)

William Chadwick starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville. Later he bought the 26 acres of Camp Hill south of Carol Grove (15 J-K3), was a butcher and licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel, and operated the Farmers' Arms Hotel on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St, Essendon for 12 years until he moved to Benalla in 1876 and built the Farmers' Arms Hotel there.

John Watt, longtime bell-ringer at the historic Scots Church,Campbellfield (if my memory serves me correctly), after six years renting on Glenroy, establishes "Oakfield" (if my memory etc) east of Tarcoola Drive (Melway 179 K 9-11.) His grant later contained a reservoir that supplied Tullamarine's first reticulated water and was probably operating until the Greenvale reservoir was ready to supply water in the 1970's.



1853.
Maurice Crotty starts working for the Brannigans at St John's Hill (Melway 384 J4.)

John Beech had a store in 1853 and started the Beech Tree Hotel. (See itellya's journal about the hotels near Tullamarine on family tree circles.)

John McKerchar establishes "Greenvale" (178 G5.) He married Catherine McNab of (the first)"Victoria Bank"in 1855 and was responsible for obtaining the school on the Section Rd corner, across the road from his farm.

Robert Shankland establishes "Waltham" at Greenvale. The Greenvale reservoir now covers Waltham and its neighbour to the west, "Glenarthur". Robert's son, William, had "Brook Hill" south of Somerton Rd where the Shankland Wetlands have been established.


Argus newspaper co-owner and editor, Edward Wilson buys Arundel. He built the bluestone dairy, still standing proudly, and may have sold the land which the McNabs called Turner's (Melway 4 E12.) Wilson was the leading light of the Acclimatisation Society, which aimed to introduce crops etc but also to make the colony more like "home". Arundel was known as a "model" farm ; experimental crops, Chincilla rabbits and exotic amimals such as monkeys were prominent features of the farm. (K.B.Keeley's Architectural Thesis on Arundel.)

David Patullo establishes "Craigbank" north of the Martin Dillon bridge on Wildwood Rd. (See Kathleen Fanning's Fanning Family History website and itellya's PATULLO journal on family tree circles.)

Ann Parr and her son, James Henry arrive in the colony. James Henry and his wife, known as Da and Ma Parr, later owned "The Elms", which was later carried on by their son,Sam Parr,while his brother Cr Bill Parr farmed the north eastern part of section 2 for which he retained the old name, Annandale. James Henry and Bill Parr were presidents of the Shire of Keilor 6 and 4 times respectively.

Malcolm Ritchie and family establish Aucholzie CONTINUE .

There is no need to continue because my file has been found. See comment 1.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago

THE TASSELLS OF SAFETY BEACH, RED HILL AND SORRENTO, VIC., AUST.

Excerpt from my journal THE RED HILL by Sheila Skidmore.

P.41-3. The Village Settlement. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.


H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell.In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present.The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the lateE.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present. I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.


Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. (An article entitled "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 gives great detail of the village settlement pioneers but does not mention any members of the Tassell family. Tom Sandlant seems to have been on 74a, which had been heavily timbered but he had cleared it.)
However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

In my trove research on the Tassells, I found many references to Dr Robert Tassell, a station master that spent four and a half years at Tooradin (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 22-8-1918) and families at Geelong, Orange Grove Nth Essendon and to the east of Melbourne but none that could be tied to the Safety Beach pioneers.I recall a death notice referring to Deer Park, which is not far from Footscray, so there may have been a connection there, given L.Tassell's address in 1919.



C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's.
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane.
W.MARSHALL.74c, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

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RED HILL, VIC., AUST. (Entry from my Peninsula District History.)

This journal describes where the grantees' land was in greater detail than in the other journal but also contains information from Keith Holmes about later occupants of those blocks and even some genealogy. Sheila Skidmore has excerpts from Joseph McIlroy's diary about working at Huntley's and later leasing the property for five years. Here we find out where the Huntley property was.

Red Hill.
THE FIRST SETTLERS.
The Bunurong* people were the original inhabitants and their dreaming recounts the flooding of their former hunting plain, Nerm, (with the stream mistakenly called Yarra Yarra flowing through it to join the Tamar in what is now Bass Strait).
(* There are multiple spellings for this word.)
Their territory included the Port Phillip Bay coast from the Werribee River to Point Nepean and extended around Westernport to Gippsland but they would be wary of going too far east because of their fierce neighbours. No doubt recent dredging of the bay sucked up countless middens from the former banks of the Yarra and the Werribee rivers; the latter stream would have been followed on the way to the western boundary of their territory, where one of their number might have yelled, I can see a ring-tailed possum! in words that have been corrupted to Maribyrnong.
With so much coastline, it was inevitable that they would spend much time on the coast and shellfish middens were found in abundance. They built eel races and this probably accounts for the naming of Eeling Creek at Rosebud and Eel Race Rd at Seaford. They spent time at the spot still dotted with banksias where Dunns Ck meets the bay at Safety Beach, and entertained the McLear lads with their returning boomerangs. The McCraes of the Arthurs Seat Run were more understanding than most early settlers and groups of aborigines would camp near their homestead for several days.
They were nomads but not in the way that people think. The area was broken up so that small groups could each have their seasonal harvest; one of the groups, Tal Tal, is recalled by a street name in Mt Martha. In this way food was sourced sustainably, in the same way as a farmer limiting the stock numbers in a paddock. Without calendars they knew exactly when to move on to the next designated place from signs such as the appearance of a bird or a tree starting to blossom.
Did they spend time in Red Hill? Although they were not great lovers of forests, and used fires to turn these into the open forests that the first British observers likened to Gentlemens estates, it is likely that food sources existed in that rich red soil that were unavailable elsewhere. It is easy to imagine Georgiana McCraes friends waving farewell as they moved east toward the Bunurong Track to climb over Wonga. In the Wurundjeri tongue Wonga meant bronze- winged pigeon and as the two groups shared a common boundary (the Yarra), they probably had a common definition. They named the hill Wonga because these birds decended on Arthurs Seats scrubby timbered areas in huge numbers and, as they made excellent eating, Ben Benjies group probably grabbed some fast food on the way to Red Hill. (Quotes from P.8 of A Dreamtime of Dromana.)
Having sampled Red Hills bounty they might have moved to their next camp at 148 D2 before going east to Watsons Inlet, or stopped at Blacks Camp (253 A1) before crayfishing near Cape Schanck.
Hec Hanson was told by his aunt, Emily Lenz, nee Purves, that only she and Hecs mother were at Tootgarook Station one day in the late 1880s when seven aborigines came to ask for a drink of water from their well. Frances was only about 6 and was probably terrified so Emily, 16 years older, calmly responded to their request. Each drank appreciatively until the mug was given to the last one, who threw it away because, as the leader, he expected to have been served first.
This story runs counter to claims that the first inhabitants disappeared from the peninsula within decades. Although numbers declined rapidly at first because of European diseases, alcoholism etc, the Bunurong were probably not denied their hunter- gatherer lifestyle as much as the Wurundjeri were by the likes of North West (Melbourne) settlers such as Aitken, Taylor, Robertson, Big Clarke, Brodie, Foster and Walter Clark who ran thousands of sheep and got rid of the kangaroos. Kangaroos were hunted relentlessly by peninsula pioneers too, as Colin McLear recalls, but as long as the Bunurong stayed in lime country, there would have been little objection to their walkabouts as long as they left the Purves and Ford bullocks alone.
It is a pity that Barak Rd (146 E8) is so named. William Barak was a Wurundjeri elder who died at Healesville, as many Bunurong probably did, all of the remaining Kulin near Melbourne having been removed from their homelands. Barak was a fine man but surely a suitable Bunurong name could have found in Protector Thomass records, such as that of his wifes friend who was devastated when Mrs Thomas had to go to Melbourne.A Street in Melbourne Airport was to have been named after Barak in 1988 but the historic renaming project was abandoned at the last minute with only Gowrie Park Drive eluding the veto.

PARISH MAPS.
For this history, I will use the boundaries of Red Hill and Red Hill South as given in Melway, although I might mention people and properties just outside this area if they were historically associated with Red Hill.
I will not discuss the runs as this information is given in other histories. It seems that the more northern runs afforded better grazing than those south of Hearns Mount Martha Sheep Station. Maurice Meyricks relatives had a much longer tenure at Coolart than he did at Boniyong, but he gave us two place names, Merricks and Boneo. The Purves made a success of horse breeding at Tootgarook and Peters descendants obviously later used Green Hills in Purves Rd for the same purpose.
Runs were a stop-gap measure to control settlement until land could be surveyed and sold. As some, such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke, were determined to buy as much land as possible, by the time the peninsula was surveyed no more square mile allotments were on offer such as near Tullamarine in the 1840s; most were 160 acres as was common earlier closer to Melbourne and near creeks or main roads.
This did not stop Glass and Clarke. The former obtained the grant on the Safeway side of Boneo Rd but a nearby allotment seems to have bought for him by a dummy bidder and Clarke finished up owning Jamiesons Special Survey, which included Safety Beach and extended east to Bulldog Ck Rd.
Red Hill is situated in Kangerong and Balnarring parishes, but many Red Hill farmers had land west of Mornington-Flinders Rd in the parish of Wannaeue. A small area of land east of White Hill Rd is officially in Dromana, but as many of the grantees here were described as being in Red Hill, I will list them with the Kangerong Grantees.
ABOUT THE GRANTEES.
In LIME LAND LEISURE and elsewhere, it is often stated that a pioneer bought (Crown) land. The date specified is usually that on which the pioneer selected the land. It is true that early grants went to the highest bidder, usually members of the squattocracy who were aristocratically born but unable to inherit the family estate at home. Once the political power of this elite was broken by critics such as Edward Wilson of Arundel in Tullamarine (Argus editor) and fiery 5 foot 2 Johnny Fawkner, the politicians saw the merit in the land right demands of the Eureka rebels. Even humbly born men such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke were snapping up all the land they could by using dummy bidders.
The selection acts required that land had to be marked with corner posts, surveyed and a licence applied for; the selection was not to take total holdings above 320 acres. If a selector did not live on the land, or make improvements such as fencing, buildings or cultivation, the licence became void. The cost of these improvements was taken off the purchase price when the selector had been a good boy and could afford to buy, often at least 10 years after he had selected the land. (Ray Cairns, Robert Adams licence application for Balnarring land in the angle at the north end of Tucks Rd between two properties belonging to his in-laws.)

THE GRANTEES.
A Melway reference or description of boundaries will precede details of each grant.
Kangerong Parish..
7B. (190 C-E 1.) 150 acres, granted 27-3-1879. Settled by Watson Eaton and granted to his executor, Rebecca Griffith.This is just west of Red Hill but it is included to explain the naming of Eatons Cutting Rd, which is the boundary. At least one Red Hill resident (Thiele) was killed in an accident on this hairy road. Watson, brother of gold mining Bernard, had partly completed medical training before leaving America, and died in 1877 from a fall while riding to attend to a patient. The Watsons and Griffiths farmed together on the Safety Beach area when they first arrived.

10A. (190 F1-3) 173 acres granted to George Sherwood. This became W.A.Holmes Outlook Paddock

10B. (Sheehans and Tumbywood Rd were boundaries and the land shares a boundary with the Holmes Rd Reserve (which itself seems to have been reserved in 1856.)
172 ½ acres granted to Robert Caldwell in 18(68?)

11AB. (Between Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane.) Granted to James Wiseman. The acreage on the parish map is illegible here but it seems to indicate a total of 93 acres. Rate books show that the shopkeeper/blacksmith had 106 acres so I must assume that the missing 13 acres were needed for Wisemans Deviation (White Hills Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner).

18A. (160 K12) Almost 51 acres granted on (3-6-1860?) to Henry Dunn, who called this hilltop property Four Winds and built a shop on the corner. Henry had rented Jamiesons Special Survey from 1846-1851 and had rented land on Hearns Mt Martha during the same period. He was a pioneer of the Dunns Rd area of Mornington. As if this was not enough land to manage, in 1879, he was farming S.S.Crispos grants, which were later Edward Williams Eastbourne and from 1980 Charles Jacobsens Village Glen.

Between White Hills and Harrisons Rds, heading north from Four Winds, were:
65 acres owned by Thomas Appleyard, who also had most of the land east from Harrisons Rd (to the line of Bowrings Rd);
the Dromana Secondary College site, possibly part of the racecourse;
the racecourse which operated until about 1927 and is now a recreation reserve*;
the Moat(pronounced Mowatt) familys land, responsible for the corner at the Highways bend becoming known as Moats Corner.**
(*A course also operated on Watkins 16 acres and then Lou Carriggs 33 acres, behind the Dromana Hotel until 1923. ** Some of the Moats became Rye pioneers.)
Fronting the Bittern Rd from Harrisons Rd were George and Susan Peatey (101 acres), Alf Harrison 63 acres, James Clydesdale (63 acres), who had all followed Henry Dunn as tenants on the Survey, and the McIlroy family after whom the road heading east from Dunns shop was named. The Peateys found their land too wet for farming and in 1888 became early residents of the Rosebud street named after later neighbours, the McDowells.

12AB. (Between Arkwells and Andrews Lane, including the showgrounds and extending north to the Two Bays Estate Vineyard.) 143 acres granted to John Arkwell in 18(62?) and 1870.

13AB. (West of Andrews Lane to the Mechanics Rd corner, including all the Kindlian Society land, which extends to the north boundary.) This was granted to Margaret Davies on 20-8-1877 and consisted of just under 130 acres. 13c of 23 acres, north of A and B, was granted to Frances Windsor.

14 AB and 16B. (Frontage to Mechanics Rd and Station St to the west boundary of Vines of Red Hill. Donaldson St heads north west to the boundary between 14 A and B and then indicates the western boundary of 16B, which includes Ellisfield Farm.) Granted to William McIlroy (14B in 1864) and totaling 294 acres.

15 AB.
HOLMES.
Source: Keith Holmes.
Keith believes that there were two completely different Holmes families associated with the Red Hill area but there could be some link back in the old country and extensive genealogical research would be needed to prove that there was no connection, as in the case of Henry William Wilson of Dromana and George Wilson of Shoreham Rd.
1.The Kangerong rates for 1864-5 and 1865-6 reveal that Holmes was assessed on 140 acres; he would have been occupying the land under licence from the Crown. The Kangerong parish map shows that J Holmes was granted lots 15 A and 15 B of 104.3.34 each (six perches, about the size of the cricket pitches area on the M.C.G., or 150 square metres, short of 105 acres.) It is likely that he had settled on one of these blocks and the rate collector had written 140 instead of 104. Once a mistake like this was made, it would be carried on for years, because rate collectors would basically copy the previous years details and make alterations if they received knowledge of a sale or new lessee.
15 A and B were at Melway 191 E-F 3 and extended south from the Kangerong Conservation Nature Reserve to Red Hill Rd with the south west corner being just north of Rosebank Cottage. The northern half appears to have been granted in the 1870s and the southern on, possibly, 3-7-1873. The northern half was granted to J.Holmes & Co. The 7-9-1867 assessments show that the other partner was Lawrence Weadson. Holmes is not recorded in the 1879-80 rates but it is pleasing to see that the rate collector now calls the original property 105 acres. It must have been at about this time that the first Holmes pioneers left Red Hill.
John Huntley, gardener, owned 105 acres in Kangerong. Keith Holmes confirmed that he was on land granted to J.Holmes. This was the southern half, which now includes the VINES OF RED HILL land. In 1900, Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on the 105 acres; John had died and Mary was a widow. She was not assessed in 1910 and Keith Holmes explained why. Jack Shand, the son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married Mary and after living on the 105 acres for a while longer, Mary and Jack moved to Merricks North, where for some reason, Jack was then called Peter. Perhaps his second name was Peter and there was a cousin called Jack already living in the new location.
The northern half was being leased by gardener, William Kemp, from Wadesson and Holmes executors in 1879.Kemp received a grant of 100 acres on the east side of Bowrings Rd on 3-2-1904 and was occupying it by 1900, by which time 15 B must have been broken up and was possibly occupied by Fred, Henry, James and Jonathan Davis (a total of 106 acres).
Between Donaldson Rd and a northern extension of Bowrings Rd were three lots between 13-14 and McIlroys Rd: 16A (T.Milner, 88 acres, granted 11-12-1862) and west of it, 17 AB (with 13C totalling 188 acres, granted to Frances Windsor.) True pioneers of the area north of McIlroys Rd include the Counsel family, which was involved with Gracefield in Dromana, Robert Coxon Young, Andrew Fritsch, and J.Davey.

RED HILL SOUTH.
Balnarring Parish. (East and South of Red Hill Rd.)
South of Craig Avon Lane/ Dromana-Bittern Rd and west of the line of Tonkin Rd.
79A (161 J11-12) 126 ½ acres granted to J.Davey.
79B (191 H-J1) 128 ½ acres granted to George Sherwood on 28-11-1872.
78A. (Western part of Port Phillip Estate Winery extended south to Stanley Rd.)
W.Gibson received this grant, consisting of 190.1 acres on 23-7-1874.
78 B1. (Eastern part of the winery extended to Stanley Rd.) Granted to J.B.Journeaux on 22-1-1877 and consisting of 95 acres. The grantees middle name was Bowring, which indicates a relationship through marriage between the two families.
78B2 (East to include the Conservation Reserve.) about 95 acres, part of 256 acres, including 54A, granted to James Smith.
BETWEEN STANLEYS RD AND CALLANANS RD.
77 (Fronting Red Hill Rd with an eastern boundary starting from Tar Barrel Corner and
passing approximately through 28 Thomas Rd.) Part of 305 acres granted to W.Aitken on 20-4-1881.
81, 82A (East of 77 nearly to 101 Stanley Rd with a 1400 metre frontage to Callaghans Rd, finishing at about the location of No. 4.) Granted to J.R.Thompson on 12-2-(1874?).
The acreage is not stated but it could be about 300 acres.
82B, 83A1, 83BB1 (East of 82A to where the equestrian trail turns at the end of Tonkins Rd. 191 H-J 5-8 except for Hindmarshs grant.) 339 acres granted to Bryan Tonkin on 27-7-1875.
83B1. (This lot had a frontage of about 250 metres on Stanley Rd and about 872 metres on Tonkins Rd.) John Hindmarsh was granted this 80 ½ acre block on (10-3-1871?).
BETWEEN CALLANANS RD (which used to meet Station St near Red Hill Centrepoint) AND PT LEO RD.
88. (The eastern boundary of 77 continues to the bend near 195 Pt Leo Rd.)
This was the rest of Aitkens 305 acres, probably about 150 acres.
87AB,86AB. (East of 88, with NE and SE corners indicated by 4 Callanans Rd and 159 Pt Leo Rd.) G ranted to J.Buchanan. Date not stated. A total of 428 acres.
85. (East of 86B to end of Callanan Rd and 117 Pt Leo Rd.) A 10 acre block on Pt Leo Rd was probably Buchanans original selection but no date can be ascertained. I presume that the other 622 ½ acres were also granted to him.
84. (From the ends of Callanans and Paringa Rd to the blue line indicating the start of Bittern.) J.Wighton received the grants for the 203.3 acres on 23-4-1874. He also acquired the 507 acres between allotment 84 and Merricks Township.

RED HILL-WANNAEUE PARISH.
A total of 636 acres in Wannaeue parish, between Main Ck and Mornington-Flinders Rd, is included in Red Hill.
29A. (Fronting Arthurs St Rd and the other two roads, this block went south to a point across Main Ck Rd from the Whites Rd corner.)
Benjamin Hards, who purchased land in Nepean Parish as well, and was probably a speculator, received this 331 acre grant. The numbering of allotments in Wannaeue is so illogical that it is no surprise to find that there is no allotment 29B! Incidentally the Wannaeue land east of Jetty Rd is in section B but no parish map says so.
28AB. (These take us south to the boundary between Red Hill and Main Ridge. 28A is west of the straight part of William Rd and 28B is to the east. The dog leg is in 29A.
28A. James Davey Jnr received the grant for this 158 ½ acre allotment on 5-9-1878.
The Davey family is recalled by street names on Gracefield and The Survey near Dromana. J.Davey, probably James, was also granted 156 acres in Kangerong, extended to 190 acres (Henry Davey 1900), including the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve. In 1920, Bertram John Davey had 446 acres in the Safety Beach area, apparently just purchased.
28B. John Griffith acquired title to this 136 acre allotment on 4-8-1885. This would be John Calvin Griffith, about whom much detail is given in A Dreamtime of Dromana. His mother, Rebecca, probably the sister of Watson and Bernard Eaton, was the formers executor and received title to the 150 acres near Eatons Cutting that Watson had settled. 28B was only 720 metres away from Rebeccas 150 acres. Watson Eaton and Johns parents, all Americans, had at first farmed together on the Survey (Safety Beach area). Johns brother, Jonah, was a builder and supplied squared beams for the Dromana pier.
The proofreading of page 70 of Colin McLears book was poor unless John Griffiths eleven children were really born after he died.
Johns first daughter, Evelyn,(28/3/1875-23/3/1959) married one of the Shand boys. This indicates that Cr John Griffith actually lived on 28B and recalls something that Keith Holmes told me. Alexander Shand chose Main Creek as the location for his saw mill as it was the only creek with a regular flow. Roberts Rd follows the course of a track made by the Shands as they took the shortest and least steep course to haul their timber up to Red Hill. One can imagine young Evelyn waving to the Shand boys as they passed by 28B. Another way Evelyn could have met her future husband is that the Shands would have often have been at the property of William Henry Blakely directly across Mornington-Flinders Rd. Blakely was a sawmaker (1884, assessment No. 27) and saws would often need repair or replacement.
74. The Red Hill Village Settlement.
(190 K 5 to end of Prossors Lane and east to the corner of Mechanics Rd and Station St.)
As allotments and their grantees can be easily ascertained from this map with one exception, I will detail only that block. F.Nash: 6 acres 3 roods 27 perches.
There is no guarantee that a parish map actually shows grantees (Keith Holmes has a Balnarring map with different names in some lots, such as Holmes instead of Parry).
However I believe that those named in this map were grantees.

MEASUREMENTS ON PARISH MAPS.
A rood is a quarter of an acre and forty perches equal one rood so Nashs small block is 6.86 acres correct to two decimal places (137 perches divided by 160).
No boundary measurement are given for these village blocks, but you can see them on surrounding allotments, such as 3350 for McConnells frontage on Beaulieu Rd. (Had you realized that Beaulieu is French for fine place?)
That is 3350 links. To explain links, I must first mention an English king, whose identity I have forgotten. In setting up a system of measurement for his kingdom, he decided that the basic unit would be the distance between his fingers and his nose. This was the yard, one third of which was called a foot; this was then divided into 12 inches. Strangely he used the old Roman word for distance, although a mile was a bit more than a thousand paces (1760 yards or roughly 1600 metres).
Now, the king owned all the land in his kingdom but if somebody pleased him greatly, through loyalty when opposition was rife or valour / success in battle, the King would grant land to that person, along with a title such as Duke. Of course the Duke did not pay for the land as our grantees did, but they would be expected to pay taxes and supply cannon fodder for the king. It is interesting that the word title is now used for the document that proves land ownership!
The grant would be large and the boundaries would be measured in miles, but how would they be measured accurately? The length of paces could change because of leg length, tiredness, uphill slopes and so on. Yard- stick* use was too tedious and ropes could stretch and fray. It is likely that blacksmiths had arrived at a standard length for chain links of about 20cm, probably checked with implements at hand such as the funnel of bellows. (* Poles, whose lengths I have forgotten, probably about 5 metres, were used along Steeles Ck in East Keilor.)
A chain was durable and accurate but had to be of a length to avoid moving it along too often, but if it were too long, it would be too heavy for surveyors to carry and drag.
Then some genius discovered that a chain with 100 links was not only of the right length and weight, but was 22 yards long and if moved 79 times (80 chains) would equal a mile. To prevent excessive tiny writing on survey maps, 33 chains and 50 links would be written as 3350. As a chain (cricket pitch) equals 20 metres, 3350 links equals 660 metres+ 50X 20cm= 670 metres.
Normally a square mile grant (not on a shore or stream line) would measure 8000X8000 links. On such a block, the Duke could theoretically accommodate 640 serfs if the land was good. The Duke would build a village nearby and with no internal fencing, each serf could access his plot without the need for roads (which reduced farming land.) Each plot would be a chain wide and a furrow (10 chains) long. This is how the racing term, furlong, originated. Each block was one acre, which seems to be a French word, so perhaps the king was William the Conqueror. (Adopted from Palestine during the Crusades, I presume.)
Each serf had to supply so many bushels of his crop as rent and of course sacrifice his life in war if the king required it. As one acre blocks would not lead to efficient farming, serfs would probably have blocks of about 7 acres (as in John Pascoe Fawkners yeoman farmer subdivisions) or perhaps about 20 acres (as in Red Hill Village and suburban lots in villages/towns such as Keilor and Dromana.) I HOPE YOUVE ENJOYED MY ADVENTURES OF ENGLISH AS MUCH AS I ENJOY THE TELEVISION SERIES.

BETWEEN MORNINGTON-FLINDERS AND PT LEO RD.
72A. (Red Hill Consolidated School corner, 190 E-F 4) R.H.Holding received the grant for this 140 ½ acre block on 20-2-1865. It later became Henry Blakelys farm.
72B. (South of 72A, with the end of Pardalote Rise indicating its south east corner.)
Granted on (18-7-1863?) to Joseph Pitcher, this140 ½ acre block later became Henry Aults property.
71AB. (Straddling Stony Ck Rd with lot A extending to Pardalote Rise, and lot B going south to the present Tucks Rd corner and east to Stony Creek.)
This is the Red Hill boundary with Main Ridge. Pioneers to the south were William Hopcraft, Robert Adams of Adams Corner (McCrae Plaza site) in Rosebud (on land granted to M.Byrne), A.Allan and F.Bullock.

East of Stony Creek.
73AB. (Lot 73A, was west of Stony Ck with its north east corner almost over the road from Sheehans Rd and extended east almost to Stony Ck. Lot 73B was between 73A and the Red Hill Village; the eastern boundary being over the road from the south east corner of the showgrounds.)
Granted to James McKeown, both 147.7acre lots passed into the hands of the Sheehans.
It comprised two farms, Wildwood (73A) and Glenbower (73B). Keith Holmes said that they were not of equal size and this was probably because the creek, east of the allotment boundary, was used as a border so that both farms had water access. (See FARMS.)
75D and ? (Lot 75D, of 182 acres, was north of Beaulieu Rd / Simpson St with Baynes Rd being its eastern boundary. Straddling Stony Ck, its western boundary is indicated by Pardalote Rise. Lot 75 (C?), of 122 acres, was between Beaulieu Rd and the Red Hill boundary from Stony Ck to the line of Baynes Rd.) James McConnell settled both blocks and one was granted to him and the other to his executors (of whom one would have been John McConnell. It is likely that our James McConnell was the grantee of land near Puckle St, Moonee Ponds and McConnell St. Kensington, both in the parish of Doutta Galla.

FARMS.
GLENBOWER
Glenbower and Wildwood were on allotments 73 A and B of the parish of Balnarring, each of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, a total of over 215 acres, granted to James McKeown. There is extensive information in Colin McLears A Dreamtime of Dromana about James McKeown and his brother-in-law, Hill Hillas. The former settled in Red Hill in 1862 and the latter in 1855. James built a house on the property called Glenbower, which was south of the Showgrounds (Arkwells grants.)
Keith Holmes said that the two farms were not of equal size and the 1887-8 rates indicate that Glenbower may have consisted of 115 acres, which James had apparently mortgaged with the Land Investment Co. James had probably used the loan to buy Gracefield (between Caldwell Rd and the triangular quarry reserve, from Gracefield Ave to the south boundary of part of the State Park) near Dromana. Glenbower changed hands in 1889 and the new owner was Robert Sheehan.
In 1887-8, Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert 215 acres in Kangerong. (See Wildwood.) In 1889, the Sheehans apparently bought Glenbower and Wildwood.
William Alfred Holmes had a chance meeting with Emily Sheehan and married her. Their son William (known as Jack) later bought Glenbower.
WILDWOOD
Wildwood was south of Wisemans grants (west to the Sheehans Rd corner). Alfred Sheehans land in 1887-8 would have included about 99 acres (Wildwood) and might have included the future village site of about 120 acres. Keith Holmes said that Wildwood adjoined Blakelys land.
Rate books reveal that Blakely had 140 acres, which must have been R.H.Holdings grant (72A) at the corner of Arthurs Seat and Mornington-Flinders Rds. South of that block was 72B of 140 acres, granted to James Pitcher in 18(69?) and later leased by Henry Ault and apparently bought by William Henry Ault, carpenter.
It is likely that Robert Sheehans 215 acres in Kangerong consisted largely of Robert Caldwells grant (10B of 172 ½ acres) west and north west of Sheehans Rd, and almost over Arthurs Seat Rd from the Blakely-Wildwood boundary.

FOUR WINDS
Henry Dunn received the grant for 18A Kangerong of almost 51 acres on 4-8-1860. This land is indicated by Melway 160 K12. He built a shop on the corner and named his property Four Winds. Keith Holmes said that the property was at the top of the hill so there would have been little protection from the wind, no matter its direction!
William Calder, Chairman of the Country Roads Board (after whom the Calder highway was named) bought Four Winds. He was President of the Red Hill Show Committee for some time but died just before the show in 1928 or 9. Robert Holmes stepped into the breech. Calders son designed the Old Shire Hall at Dromana.

LOOKOUT PADDOCK
George Sherwood was granted 10A Kangerong of 172.46 acres on the east side of Eatons Cutting Rd with a road frontage of 454 metres. The 1879 rates show that this 173 acre property was occupied by George Sherwood and William Copeland, both described as journeymen, leasing from Sherwood and Co.This George Sherwood was probably the son of George Sherwood, nurseryman, who on (28-11-1873?) was granted 79 B Balnarring of 128 ¾ acres now occupied by Port Phillip Estate Wineries at 191 G-H2.
A journeyman was a tradesman who had finished his apprenticeship and would journey from one master of the craft to another working and widening his experience. He was not subject to Master and Servant provisions (as apprentices were) and could set up in business on his own account but could not employ apprentices until he had submitted a piece of work that gained him the status of Master, in Georges case perhaps a graft, pruning etc).
In 1900 the A.E.Bennett trustees were assessed on 642 (sic) acres including 471 acres of Wannaeue land (190 B-D 3-4 and D 5-6) and 10 A Kangerong (173 acres).
William Alfred Holmes bought the Lookout Paddock, which now contains Lookout Rd and Holmes Rd.

THE PEOPLE,
The Nash family hailed from Beaulieu in England and arrived in Red Hill in about 1898. A Nash married a daughter of W.Davidson and it seems that he later gained ownership of Davisons 18 ¾ acres and then added part of James McConnells grant to the south, of which Beaulieu Rd marks the southern boundary. Frederick, Elizabeth and Frances Streets are named after members of the Nash family.
LITTLEJOHN.
In 1919-20, F. and W.A.Littlejohn had 130 acres (lot 11) and 205 acres (Lot 9) on the Special Survey.
Today, Australians boast of having a convict ancestor; quite different from the 19th century shame which I think led a Mentone, Rosebud and Somerville pioneer to spell his parents surname wrongly when they were buried at St Kilda and tell his children that he came to Australia with Tommy Bent (who was born in Penrith, N.S.W.) The first Littlejohn was a convict and settled in Brunswick upon gaining his ticket of leave.
The first Littlejohns in our area were William Alfred and his brother Frederick. They had land across the road from eachother near Moats Corner. After a while Fred moved back to Coburg and William moved to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son Herb, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at the young age of 25. Herbs brother, Ron farmed at Moats Corner.
William was known as Littlejohn the builder and people would call at his house to discuss the building of their house. He built Sam Loxtons house and the Hansons second Alpine Chalet when they sold the land containing William Hopcrafts beautiful old double storey house.

HENRY WILLIAM WILSON, BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

This journal results from a request for information about Henry William Wilson. Hopefully I will be able to cut and paste much of it from previous work.

Street names in most parts of the Southern Peninsula honour the family of Henry William Wilson. Henry Wilson Dr and Thamer St in the Rosebud Industrial Estate recall Henry and his wife. Coutts St at Safety Beach recalls a Wilson presence on the Survey. Burdett St on the west side of Truemans Rd is on the Stenniken grant. Coutts Ct, Benjamin St, Godfrey St and Wilson Rd west of St Johns Wood Rd at Blairgowrie recall that the shopping centre sits on the old Wilson abbatoir site. When I started my research, I wondered if Wilsons Rd at Mornington was named after Henry William's family. I believe that both the road and the C.B.Wilson were named after Charlie Wilson, the train-driving President of Mornington Shire, the child of a female Wilson from "Tuerong" and a totally unrelated Wilson male from an equally old Schnapper Point family. (Joan Downward, Bonnie William website re Tuerong.)

Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives much detail about the Wilson family on pages 43 to 47.Henry was the son of a London butcher and the licencee of the Beauvoir Arms Hotel, Kingsland Rd, London, in 1843. With his wife, Thamer, and four children, he left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant, arriving at Port Phillip on 23 April. Their youngest daughter, Emily, died during the voyage.

He established an abbatoir at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) while living at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne.) He would have been living in a tent in Canvas Town as Emerald Hill was first known. Rents were extraordinarily high in Melbourne and most newcomers had to slum it at Canvas Town or Newtown (Fitzroy.) After a disease in his cattle on a run near Cranborne led to failure, he moved to Dromana in the early 1860's.

He had a bullock dray and four bullocks and initially lived in a slab hut on what was later to become Walter Gibson's No.10 paddock of 125 acres, then part of Jamieson's Special Survey. (Melway 160 K4 and bounded on the north by Wallaces Rd according to the subdivision map of Clarke's Estate.) The Stenniken land was a triangular block, the base of which was formed by the Nepean Highway and the sides of Moorooduc Highway and the upper reaches of Tassells Creek.( Roughly 151 D11, and sold as part of the Bruce Estate.) Henry took over as Dromana's butcher after the McLear brothers gave it up, but he first slaughtered on their "Maryfield" before buying the 45 acres that became the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground (P.27) from Mr Carrington and slaughtering there.
Henry was born in London in 1820 and died at Dromana on 17-12-1894.Thamer (Burdett!) was born in 1818 and died on 18-11-1894. (Both are buried at the Dromana Cemetery, their headstone easily read.) Their children were Henry John b. 1849, Godfrey Burdett 17-2-1850 to 21-1-1919, Thamer Burdett b.1846, Sarah b.1850, Emily 1852-3.

Godfrey married Maria Stenniken (b. 6-1-1855, d. 1-9-1927) in 1878. Their children were Henry William Burdett Coutts (1879-1956), Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph (1891?-1953) and Samuel James Stenniken (1886-1949.)
(They must have had other children, surely. LIME LAND LEISURE has more Wilson genealogy.
I should have found the Wilson family connections before I typed the above.
WILSON-BURDETT
Henry William Wilson married Thamer Burdett.
This marriage took place in England. Henry was the son of a London butcher. In 1843, Henry was running the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in in Kingsland Rd, London. Henry, Thamer and their four children left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant and after a remarkably fast voyage, which obviously stopped them getting into the doldrums (in both ways), they reached Port Phillip on 23 April. (Dreamtime of Dromana page 43.) This source and Lime Land Leisure contain much business and genealogical detail about Henrys descendants.
It is possible that some of Thamers family came with them and any Burdett family historian should inspect the Emigrant passenger list for that voyage. Henry established an abbatoir at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) and lived in Emerald Hill, where it is possible that he came into contact with Isaac White and Captain Henry Everest Adams, pioneers of Rosebud, and that Captain Adams gave Henry Wilson an idea.
It is likely that Thamer was related, however distantly, to Sir Francis Burdett and his daughter, Angela Burdett. Sir Francis, a Baronet, had married Sophia, daughter of Thomas Coutts, a wealthy banker who founded Coutts and Co.
Now if Henry had chatted to Captain Adams, the old sea dog would have bragged about being the son of Lord Vivian (which led to the name of his vineyard, Vivyan, with spelling altered in case his real father had an agent in Singapore- and given names of many in the Adams line). Wilson would have thought, Well, my wife is related to the wealthiest woman in England and one of the greatest social reformers and philanthropists in the world; why not flaunt that fact? He was speaking of Angela, the first Baroness Burdett- Coutts and that is possibly how the Wilsons and Stennikens used Coutts as a given name and Coutts St in Safety Beach got its name. See Historic Origins of Street names entry and the sources named above. (Details about Angela Burdett -Coutts from Wikipedia.)
The Burdett Quarry, on 101 hectares at 160 Potts Rd, Langwarrin, was probably established by relatives of Thamer. Burdett St in Frankstons The Pines Estate would have been named after the quarry family, which must have been in the area fairly early (since they shared this honour with the pioneering Brunnings family of Somerville); if it had been one of the many subdivision of Wilson land there would have been another street named Thamer, Wilson, Godfrey, Benjamin etc nearby. See next entry re Coutts.

WILSON-McDOWELL
Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph Wilson (son of Godfrey Burdett Wilson and grandson of Henry William and Thamer) married Dorothy McDowell. Bens first given name came from his maternal grandfather Ben Stenniken. His brothers had Henry, William, Samuel, James, Burdett, Coutts and Stenniken as given names.
Allotment 17, Wannaeue, on the west side of Jetty Rd, which extended to Spray St and Eastbourne Rd, was subdivided in the 1870s by the Woolcotts of Melbourne. George and Susan Peatey purchased 2 acres on which they grew vegetables, which they sold along with poultry, eggs etc. Their cottage burnt down in 1912 by which time their son had established a similar business on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray-Anderson Rd) on a Rosebud Village (foreshore) block. Another early purchaser from the Woolcotts was the Education Department but that block was not as big as the present school site.
By 1900 the only other blocks sold were owned by George Chapman from Dromana (4), Charles James (3 acres), Marshall (William? 7 acres), postmaster John Roberts whose daughter established the Post Office Store, now a café of that name (4 and house) and Furmbisher (2.5 acres). The commercial bank now owned 84 acres of Woolcotts land. As crown allotment 17 consisted of 129.5 acres, Mrs Phillips and Frederick Taylor probably had three more blocks too.
By 1910, Henry Bucher had 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns 4, Rosebud Ted Cairns 6, Alf Hanson (of Alpine Chalet in Tucks Rd ) 6, blacksmith, Hy Geo Chapman 2, the Coburns of Springbank 4, Fallow 1, Maconochie 4, Back Road Bob Cairns 2 near state school, Marshall (Moonee Ponds R.E.Agent) 7, Susan Peatey 2, Mrs J.Spensley 4 and Vale , probably the politician after whom Vale St in Mornington was named had the 84 acres forfeited by Woolcott.
By 1920, Mrs Mary Butler had a house on lot 49 and her rate notice was to be sent to Mrs McDowell of Rosebud. Robert McDowell had lots 77, 79 and part of lot 75 and buildings. These were across McDowell St from the Presbyterian Church, which became the site of Woolworths. Ernest Rudducks store was being run by L.C.Leech. Houses had been built by the Cairns family, Mrs Helena Salina Mitchell of Essendon, and Joseph Maconochie of Richmond. One house had disappeared and Alf and John Peatey were assessed on the block only.
McDowell Street changed little for years. The McDowells neighbours were Don Miller and his caravan park opposite the school, Rosebud Ted opposite Pattersons Garage, then Ivy Patterson, Harry Nichols and the SEC on the Rosebud Avenue Ave corner.
SOURCES: A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear, Kangerong and Flinders rate records, Wannaeue parish map, Pine Trees and Box Thorns by Rosalind Peatey, The Cairns Family of Boneo by Peter Wilson, On the Road to Rosebud by Peter Wilson, Map of early Rosebud incorporated in Early Rosebud by Ray Gibb.

WILSON-RUDDUCK
Samuel James Stenniken (son of Godfrey Wilson and Maria, nee Stenniken) married Ruby Bery Rudduck, daughter of Nelson Rudduck and Jane Sophia, nee Chapman.
After Nelson died in 1935, Sam and Ruby moved into Piawola, the fine double storey house next to the Uniting Church in Dromana that Nelson built in 1894. The connection between the families goes back to the arrival in Dromana of Nelson and Jane from Dandenong in 1871 or early 1872. By 1867 Henry William Wilson had given up his occupation as a bullocky to become a butcher, grazing and slaughtering on 45 acres that was known as the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927*, and selling his meat from a shop whose location is described in two different ways by Colin McLear. (Main St or McCulloch St?) Henry retired in 1877 at 57 and Godfrey took charge of the company, expanding into Sorrento and building a brick shop and home** in Gibson St, Dromana. (*New abbatoirs had been established at Melway 167 F2, and operated until 1955, where Coutts Crt, Godfrey St, Benjamin Pde and Wilson Rd now stand. **Godfrey named the home Beauvoir after a hotel that his father had run in London in 1843.)
Sam was born in 1886 and died in 1949. On his fathers death in 1919, Sam and his brother, Ben, took over the Dromana portion of the empire Godfrey had built up and also expanded their retail into McCrae and Rosebud where older brother Henry had built shops. They relocated their shop to Main St in 1934.


Henry's son, Godfrey, married Ben Stenniken's daughter, so a bit of information about this other pioneering peninsula family will not go astray. The following comes from the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry in my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.
STENNIKEN-SHERLOCK
Benjamin (1815-1897) married Mary Ann, daughter of Samuel Sherlock.
Mary Ann was the sister of the Sam Sherlock who was much involved in the southern peninsula as a lad and later became a pioneer of the area north of the Osborne Township which the locals called Green Island. This name is perpetuated by Green Island AvE(145 E6). Ben and Mary Ann (and Mary Jane, probably their daughter) were buried at Rye Cemetery; their details are on the cemetery microfiche at Rosebud Library.
Sam Sherlock worked for the Barkers at Boneo and at The Briars for Balcombe. After his marriage, he carried the mail on horseback from Rye and Hastings to Cheltenham.
( Osborne Primary School Centenary 1873-1973 by Leslie Moorhead.)
Perhaps it was en route to Cheltenham that he spotted the Green Island land. According to LIME LAND LEISURE, Sam Sherlock was a co-grantee of the Stenniken land (at 14) but it was probably Mary Anns father.


STENNIKEN-PRINCE
Benjamin Henry, son of Jack and grandson of Benjamin Jnr, married Dorothy, daughter of Harry Prince. Ray Cairns told me that Harry Prince bought some of his fathers land near Maroolaba and that it came into Bens ownership after the death of Harry Prince.
(See TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb.)
Ray Cairns father, Hill Harry, inherited Maroolaba from his father, the original Robert Cairns, who settled in Boneo in 1852. Robert Cairns and the Pattersons moved to Fingal, near Pattersons Rd at about the same time in the 1870s. Rather than repeat information contained in the PATTERSON-STENNIKEN entry, I will simply state that Maroolaba (part of which was bought by Harry Prince) was 260 metres from Mary Jane Stennikens grant. The Prince family could have earlier lived near Truemans Rd, but, if not, Fingal provides an explanation as to how the two families connected.



STENNIKEN-WILSON
Maria, daughter of Benjamin Stenniken Snr married Godfrey Burdett, son of Henry William Wilson. Benjamin Stenniken was based in Truemans Rd but also leased land on the western portion of Jamiesons Special Survey near Pickings Lane, near Henry William Wilson's abode. Family members could have resided there to manage the property for Ben. Maria probably resided there in the summer. Big Clarke had bought the survey and the northern part was given to Bruce, his son-in-law. (Colin McLears version is more likely than Hollinsheds.) Maria used to work at Bruces house during the season.
One more piece of information is contained in the final verse of one of my first pieces, a poem called ALONG THE BACK TRACK, which can be found in my CANTERBURY TALES and describes an imagined trip made by drapery hawker, Charles Graves, and young Godfrey Wilson in about 1860. They have traveled from The Willow (Safety Beach area) to the corner of Weeroona and Browns Rds, Godfrey having been reassured by Graves that the smoke came from kilns, not a bushfire.
As they turned back to Kangerong,
A well-known man came riding strong,
With five year old Maria, running late.
Godfrey married Maria in 1878.


STENNIKEN-CLEMENGER (See PATTERSON- STENNIKEN.)
Jack Stenniken married Lily Clemenger.
By 1910, Mary Ann Stenniken (most likely the owner of the Fingal land) was living in Dromana and assessed on crown allotment 6 of section 17. This block with frontages to McCulloch St and Heales St and halfway between the school corner and the freeway was leased from Patterson. Ralph Patterson had probably just leased it to her (because of the position of Mary Anns assessment). His wifes entry is next and her property (1 lot and buildings, McCulloch St) was probably next door. As lot 6 had no buildings, it is likely that Mary Ann was staying with Ralph and her daughter, Rachel. Ralph Godfrey Patterson (whose second given name recalls the marriage of 1878 in the previous entry) was leasing 287 acres (lots 18 and 19) from Clarke on the Survey and was probably Rachels husband and Mary Anns son in law. His move to Dromana probably followed the sale of his Fingal grant to one of the Cairns family. (His 244 acres may have been the bulk of the 260 acres that Harry Cairns sold to Harry Prince.)
Robert Adams sold crown allotment 19 of Wannaeue (between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave) to William Tetley in about April 1889. Subdivision plan 3513 shows that the Clemengers bought lots 1-5 of section B, fronting Parkmore and Rosemore Rds. Albert Holloway built Parkmore in 1896, probably on lots 1-5 of section A, fronting Pt Nepean Rd. The Clemengers bought this historic house in 1908, after it was occupied for some time by Mr and Mrs Fair. The Clemengers introduced tented accommodation. Jack Stenniken was born in 1893 and died in 1970.
(Adams Corner and Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula by Ray Gibb.)
Jack might have met Lily at a dance at the Mechanics Institute dances at Dromana, Rosebud or Rye or perhaps at the Boneo hall on the CFA site. Another possibility is that he worked for Ralph on the Survey or met Lily on the way from Truemans Rd to visit Mary Ann Stenniken in Dromana.

BITS AND PIECES.
"A Dreamtime of Dromana" discusses members of the Wilson family on pages 43-7, 53, 65, 72, 80, 81?, 101, 114, 121, 132, 140, 144, 156, 162, 165 and 177. I would love to give these details now but I am halfway through the journals about the WHITES and THE RED HILL. However I find page 132 interesting because it tends to confirm my theory that George Wilson of the Flinders area might have been related to Henry William Wilson. Whoever made the index has stated that Sarah Wilson and her sons, George and Robert, settlers on Jamieson's Survey in 1855 signed the letter supporting Quinan's school. Sarah was obviously a widow and it is possible that Henry and Thamer's daughter was named after her. In 1900, George Wilson was assessed on 216 acres at Flinders and George Wilson Jnr on 96 acres at Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring (the latter being at Melway 255 J1.)

Is it possible that Henry William had a brother named George who came out with him, went to the Survey very soon and then died, leaving his widow and children on farmland that needed to be cleared before it could help to pay the rates? And that Henry, at Sandridge, having seen the enormous amount of sleepers needed to build the railway to that place at the end of 1854, moved into the "hut, Survey", on which he was assessed in 1863, to support her? (There is no mention of Sarah, George and Robert in that assessment although they signed the document in March 1861.

By 1900, the ratebook revealed that Henry Willam (the son) had 1 lot and building, Dromana and 5 acres leased from Thompson. Godfrey Burdett had 144 acres and 2 lots, Dromana. The 144 acre block was the holding paddock/abbatoir that was called the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927 when Spencer Jackson was flogging the Panoramic and Foreshore Estates with the aid of his "history of beautiful Dromana" which the Dromana Historical Society has for sale. As I did not transcribe the rates in the parish of Nepean, I do not know the details of the family's property in Blairgowrie and Sorrento, but I am prepared to research this if requested in comments. A Catherine Eleanor Wilson had 3 lots and a building in Dromana but I have no idea whether she was related to the Henry or Sarah Wilsons.

In 1910, Mrs G.G.Wilson had 60 acres of the Cairns' brothers'320 acre "Little Scotland' at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd but I don't know if she was related to H.W.Wilson, although Colin McLear mentions that they had land at Boneo. Godfrey Burdett Wilson, butcher, had: shop, house and land, McCulloch St, 1-3 of 4, 4 of 13, 11,2 of section 2; 40 acres 2,3 of 1 Kangerong, 100 acres and slaughteryards, Kangerong probably in Shergolds Lane ; 255 acres (lots 22 and 23 Clarke's.) His wife had house and land, Heales St, Ben had 150 acres Kangerong, Henry(living in Sorrento and running that branch of the empire) had 100 acres, Kangerong, and Sam, living in Dromana, had 180 acres Kangerong.

As the land designated as Kangerong was not granted to the Wilsons, it would take months of research to specify its location. Dromana Township was west of McCulloch St. Section 14 was bounded by the Esplanade, Verdon, Hodgkinson and Heales Sts with lots 1-3 near the beach, section 13 was across Verdon St, lot 2 section 2 was at the east corner of Latrobe Pde and McArthur St and I can only presume that 11 meant section 11, bounded by Codrington, Ligar and Verdon Sts with lots 10, 11 and 12, fronting Palmerstone Ave, granted to G.B.Wilson.

Lots 22 and 23 Clarke's is a pushover and the rate collector was amazingly accurate with the acreage! Lot 22 was 127 acres and 19 perches. Lot 23 was 127 acres 2 roods and 37 perches, giving a total of 254 acres,3 roods and 16 perches, only .15 of an acre out! The Wilson's were involved with the subdivision of the Safety Beach area and must have been involved with the land near Coutts St (160 D2) where the female drover thought Jagger's dairy was located. Lot 23 and 22 were between Pickings Rd and the south side of the Martha Cove Waterway with Victoria St the western boundary and the bend in Island Drive indicating the north east corner of lot 22. The western two thirds of the canals are in lot 23.
Even though he was living in Sorrento, Henry William Wilson Junior was still involved in the social fabric of Dromana. He was the Secretary of the Dromana Sports and was a handicapper for the athletic and wood chopping events. (Mornington Standard, 21-3-1901, p.26.) The Mornington Peninsula souvenir in The Argus of 7-6-1954 has and advertisement for the long established butchering business which features photos of the main players. This is just a sample of the information about the family that is available on trove.
HOPE THIS HELPS.

THE RED HILL by Sheila Skidmore, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

As my aim is to provide new history and to make history accessible, I need to read what is already available to ensure that I am not repeating information. As some books, such as Pine Trees and Box Thorns, Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula and The Red Hill are not available for loan, I make it part of my role to summarise information in them that is not available in other books. This is not intended to replace the Red Hill journal that I have already started. Where surnames are in bold type, this indicates that additional information will be given at the end of the summary. Short comments appear in brackets.
ADOD = A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear; MOAS =Memoirs of a Stockman by Hec Hansen.

Sheila Skidmore is a descendant of the Sheehan family. There is no indication of when the book was published. (See comment 1 after journal.) The book may be perused at Mornington Peninsula libraries but not borrowed. The Dromana Historical Society has the book but I don't think they would have copies for sale.(See comment 1 after journal.)

P.9. Andrew McCrae named Bald Hill and his son, George Gordon McCrae, said that they had seen the colour of gold in the 1840's beyond the bald or red hill. (This was probably along Bulldog Creek or Tubbarubba Creek.) Bald Hill was marked on a county of Mornington map and could have been the original name for Red Hill.

P.11. 1862. The parish plan shows an area marked Red Hill marked out with streets and suburban blocks. (I can only assume the location of this settlement to be crown allotment 74, parish of Balnarring, sold as a closer settlement, with blocks of just under 20 acres, in order to cope with the 1890's depression, where the Prossor, Thiele, Nash etc families settled later. Red Hill extends into Kangerong and Wannaeue parishes and there is little indication of "suburban blocks" apart from near "Four Winds" in Kangerong. The first postmaster, William Marshall, bought 19 acres at the north east corner of Prossors Lane; see Post Office.)

CORRECTION. THE FIRST POSTMASTER WAS ALEX MARSHALL.

SEE COMMENT 1 AFTER JOURNAL.

M.Peppers had selected the site, later used for a post office, and C.Golding , a cordial manufacturer from Van Diemans Land, an area close by. (Charles R.Goulding was granted crown allotment 9, Kangerong in what seems to have been 1890. This 262 acre block was bounded by Eatons Cutting Rd, Boundary Rd, White Hill Rd and Tumbywood Rd so perhaps the streets and suburban blocks were near McIlroy Rd and "Four Winds".)SEE COMMENT 1 AFTER JOURNAL.

James Wiseman purchased 106 acres on 24-2-1862 and J.Arkwell 142 acres on 5-4-1862.
James Wiseman was born in 1830 in Ruthven, Scotland and sailed from London in June 1851 aboard Captain Godfrey's "Statesman". Arriving at Geelong he spent time with varying success at the diggings at Avoca, Ballaarat, Bendigo , Castlemaine and Otago in New Zealand. After another 8 years plying his blacksmith trade in Melbourne, during which time he married fellow Scot, Christina Bain, and James, John and Christina were born, he moved to Red Hill where Janet and William were born.

John Arkwell was born in Hereford, England in the 1820's. Hannah Lewis, whom he married, was 19 when she arrived in 1854. She was said to have wheeled King Edward vii in his pram. John and Hannah settled at Abbotsford and ran a plant nursery on the site of the Abbotsford Convent. Emily, Alice and Walter were born at Abbotsford while Ernest, Herbert, Clara and Percy were born at Red Hill.
(Detail is given about Wiseman's smithy and Arkwell's house, land and orchard.)
Soon after, these two families were joined by the McKeown, McIlroy, Davis, Kemp, Holmes, Dunn , and Cleine families and later the Blakely and Sheehan families. At this time Red Hill was heavily timbered but there was no scrub so it was possible to gallop a horse between the trees. (Sheila discusses the aboriginal presence, indicated by stone which originated far away from the area, but the lack of scrub was another sign. Frequent burning made it much easier to hunt kangaroo and Wonga, "pigeon" because the prey had nowhere to hide!

P. 12-13.(Shirley discusses Eaton's and Simon's Cuttings and the pioneers after whom they were named. She refers to O'Brien's Cutting but this track was named after John Bryan. See ADOD.)
The McKeowns were the third family in Red Hill. They named Glenbower after the home in Ireland.
They landed in Portland and worked at Tower Hill. Sheila's niece found broken willow china in the Glenbower garden and near the well. (Willow crockery was one luxury common to most peninsula pioneer households!)

The McKeowns sold to Sheila's great grandfather Sheehan . He had come from County Cork, Ireland to Adelaide where he worked as a brickmaker. He married Mr Ewer's daughter and they set off looking for land in their bullock cart, a wedding present. They selected land at Lake Marma, Murtoa, staying 15 years before moving to Red Hill in 1885.

Henry Dunn came to the Mornington Peninsula in the mid 1840's.He leased Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to the line of Bulldog Creek Rd, from 1846 to 1851)and then moved up the hill and ran stock on land near the old Red Hill post office. Hebuilt stockyards and bought a property known as "Four Winds" where he bred ponies. It was later purchased by William Calder , Chairman of the Country Roads Board (after whom the Calder Highway was named.)

Charles, the first of the Cleine family came from Groningen, now part of Holland. He ran away from home at the age of 12 to avoid compulsory military training and retained his pacifist belief which caused arguments at Cleine's Corner between him and Mr (CHARLES?) White. He had a certificate for a donkey engine and worked for L.L.Smith building bridges. He married and had a large family. A little grave near the homestead site in the valley is marked by moss roses.

William McIlroy came to Australia in 1860 from Littlebridge, Moneymore, Northern Ireland. Camping in a tent at the top of Elizabeth St, he carried "hod" for builders during the day and repaired boots in his tent at night. When he had saved 72 pounds, he bought tickets for his wife and nine children to join him and sent them home, but he was duped as there was no ship, and had to save again.His family arrived safely in 1862 and lived in a log cabin built on 700 acres of land. William continued to work in Melbourne selling butter, eggs, bacon and cheese from his cart but returned home at weekends.
William John, his eldest son, was 16 on arrival and worked for a butcher and in his spare time worked for two Danes who owned a merry-go-round.At 32, W.J. married Elizabeth Hillis . They lived at "Littlebridge" in McIlroys Rd and had 12 children. He ran sheep on a paddock in Dunn's Creek Rd where some gold had already been found. (Tubbarubba diggings.)

P.15. Details of William John's children compiled by the eldest, John; Sarah became Mrs Prosser. (The 1890's settlers were named Prossor, so she probably married into the family of Henry Prosser, and was related to the Sawyers of Moorooduc/Bittern and the Griffith family of Dromana/Main Creek.
While on the topic, Keith's family was not related to J.Holmes, grantee of land bounded on the east by Red Hill Rd, whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill,and which adjoined the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve.)
William John McIlroy's brother, Joseph, married Sarah Hillis and they had nine children. (Details on page 18.)
Photo of early house,(almost certainly Blakeley's house discussed on page 24.)
P.16. Photo of coolstore and rail yard.
P.17. Joseph McIlroy's diary. (Only entries about other pioneers or significant events included here.)
1877.
Wed. 20-9-1877. Married in Dromana at 12:30 at Mechanics' Institute by Rev. J. Caldwell of Mornington.Guests at father's house included the McIlroys, Simpsons, Cleines, Whites, Aults, Miss Hopcraft, Miss Kemp and Mr and Mrs Hillis. A week later he started working for Mr Huntley .
On Sunday 2 Nov., he went to Dromana to hear Mr Robinson preach the funeral sermon for Mr (Watson)Eaton. After the service, he went to Rosebud to hear Mr Barker (at the Methodist church on the fishing village block donated by Nelson Rudduck which is now a medical clinic. Possibly Mr E.Barker mentioned on page 32 who was a lay preacher at Red Hill Methodist Church till his death in 1905.) Called at Mrs Pedota on way home. (This meant that he went home via Dromana where Peter Piddota owned the 17 acres between William Watkins' Dromana Hotel and Carrigg St, which is named after Lou Carrigg, a later owner of the hotel.)
In November, Joseph was shearing at Huntley's and clearing at home. On 12 Dec., he picked berries and the next day went to the point (quarantine station and probably a fort too judging by the torpedoes mentioned in 1878)and then Sorrento, shooting a lot of rabbits on the way home. (Underground mutton!)
Dec.26 and 27. Carted fruit to Dromana and Melbourne. (The amount of travel done by Joseph on atrocious roads was extraordinary!) Mr Brady was the preacher at that time.(His daughter in law, Rose-nee Roberts- was a mainstay and organist at the Rosebud Methodist Church mentioned recently.)
P.18.On Easter Monday, 1878, Joseph went to "The Rosebud" to see the torpedoes. Joseph's children and dates of birth were: Henry Joseph 20-9-1878, William 6-11-1879, James 30-11-1881, Thomas Johnston 21-1-1883,
May 13th MAY,1885 (Get it?), Herbert John 20-6-1887, Frederick 3-6-1889, Arthur 28-5-1891.
21-5-1878. Went to see Mrs Counsel through the ranges.
24-11-1880.Went to Mr McConnell's at night with the long rifle.

P.19. 9-3-1881. Got to Mr Hillis place on the way home from Frankston with a steer and stayed the night. (The pregnant Sarah and her two youngster were probably staying with grandpa, whose place was not really on the way home.)
15-6-1881.Went out to Riddell's Plains in the morning. (This area was almost certainly named after John Carre Ridell after whom Riddells Creek was named. With his partner, Hamilton, he established Cairn Hill near Gisborne and the Camieston Estate at Tullamarine with the one acre blocks between Bulla Rd, now Melrose Drive, and Derby St named Hamilton Terrace. He was probably a squatter fattening bullocks near Red Hill in the early days. Keith hadn't heard of Riddell's Plains; perhaps somebody else would know its location.)

AT THIS POINT, I FOUND OUT THAT THE BOOK WAS NOW AVAILABLE FROM THE DROMANA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. THERE IS NO NEED TO FURTHER SUMMARISE THE BOOK, BUT AS IT DOES NOT HAVE AN INDEX, I WILL LIST ANY PIONEERS MENTIONED SO THAT FAMILY HISTORIANS WILL KNOW IF THEIR ANCESTORS WERE MENTIONED.
p.19.
21-8-1881. Went to the diggings with W. Sherwood.
P.20.
5-1-1882. Went to Mr Gray's for the wheel of the sewing machine we got last week.
Easter Monday 1882. Went down to the lighthouse. (I thought that it may have been moved to the top of Arthurs Seat at the time but this occurred in 1871 according to Colin McLear.)
9-11-1882. Went to Mrs Hindmarsh's funeral.
7-10-1884. Mr Huntley died this morning. 6-1-1885. Mrs Huntley died.27-4-1888.
P.21.
27-4-1888. Joseph's daughter was burnt and he took her to the doctor at Schnapper Point on the 28th.
29-4-1888. Back home and the Hon. Thomas Langton called in.
P.22. 16-6-1890. Mrs Gibson died. 20-10-1890. Got orders to stop work at Huntley's.
26-9-1892. Took a lease of Huntley's for 5 years.
24-7-1893. Went down to PINEGROVE and bought the mare for 5 pounds from Mr John Davies. Went to Dromana to vote for my brother, William.

P.23. The Post Office. At first the mail came to Schnapper Point, later Dromana, by boat and was conveyed to Red Hill on horseback. About 1871, the post office opened with the first postmaster,Alex Marshall, being paid 10 pounds p.a. He was followed by S.Davies in 1873, Emma Maloney in 1876. Blakeley purchased the P.O. for George Cousins (or Cussens, as I have seen it written) his son in law).
The Misses Baker earlier had a bakery at cnr. Sheehans and Mt Arthur Rd (the original south end of White Hill Rd before Wiseman's Deviation was built)on land previously owned by Messrs Brown and Jackson.
P.24. Details of W.H.Blakeley's origins, expertise, Melbourne workshop and purchase of the consolidated school site from the grantee, R.Holding who was Red Hill's first teacher and lived in a log cabin (which is probably the one shown on page 15.) Blakely and Captain Billy Moore were partners in the "Fear Not", a 2 masted schooner that carried firewood from Dromana and returned with provisions. It was wrecked on sandbanks far offshore when it put to sea in a northerly.
P.O. (CONT.)Elizabeth Wheeler from 1878 followed by Ethel M.Wheeler 11-11-1925, Miss A.Liversidge, F.Molloy in 1954, L.H.Dawson, R.Kinder.
P.25. Telegraph 1912, telephone 1924. Receiving office at Red Hill Sth from 22-1-1923 : Mrs C.Harding, A.Greaves 1925, D.G.Stevenson 1930, T.B.Erlansen 1935, W.Pedley 1945, M.Connell 1965. C. Harding, "Darkie" was a champion Somerville footballer a decade later; was the first postmistress his wife? T.B.Erlandsen might have been a descendant of Erland Erlandsen- see Lime Land Leisure.)
P.26. Photo of the first school.
P.27. Education. 1860's, school 77 on James Wiseman's land at the north end of Arkwell's Lane, first teacher Mr Gournan. Became a state school on the same location on 1-1-1874 with the students being: Wiseman 4, Arkwell 3, Cleine 3, McIlroy 1, Davis 3, Blakely 3, McKeown 3, Hillis 1, Turner 3, Head 2, Bendy 4, Pearse 3, Griffith 1. The Griffith family was near Moat's Corner.( The Griffith family had rented land on Jamieson's Special Survey since about 1860 that was known as Griffith's Flats, Melway 160 H4.)
The first teacher, R.Holding, had a negro servant called Mumford. George Beattie, who took over after three months had many problems. Tanks and toilets were brought on the "Rosa Mary Jane" by Captain Pedota (Pidota) and installed by James Morton. Henry Ault painted the school in 1875. William Henry Collins was the next teacher, followed by Ada Adelaide Thompson in 1882.
P.28. Land for the new school was purchased from W. Holmes and the new school opened on 16-9-1920 with Richard Rodda as H.T. A second room was built in 1928, the H.T. being H.Amos.Red Hill South opened in 1932 with Miss Marsh in charge.
P. 29. Other teachers at Red Hill were Mr F.Volk, N.Deckert, H.Campbell and C.Werry. Mrs A.Sheehan, who'd taught at the old school, filled a void in W.W.2.
Land was purchased from the Blakeley family in 1945 for the Consolidated School which opened on 6-2-1951, despite building starting in June 1948, because of water supply problems.
P.31-6. CHURCHES. Wesleyan Methodist 1884 on James Wheeler's block near the P.O. but a little further up the hill. Trustees-Edward Barker, William Kemp, James Wheeler, Jonathon Davis, Alfred Head, Nelson Rudduck and William McIlroy.The only debt when the church opened on 25-1-1885 was 24/- owed to Jonah Griffith .
The first to be married there were Jonathon Davis and Elizabeth Kemp . Organists were Miss Thompson till 1890, Misses Head and Wheeler then alternating until the latter married. Ernest Arkwell was appointed Chapel Steward in 1890 and took over as a lay preacher following Mr E. Barker's death in 1905.
Main Creek Methodists opened in 1914.
In 1920, Mr Rudduck resigned as a trustee (replace by Charles Trewin) and Mr Kemp died(replaced by his daughter, Mrs Elizabeth Davis.) In 1932 the church was moved with Rev.L.Coulthard on top lifting wires. Other trustees were Mr E.Trewin (who died in 1962 after 38 years as a trustee), and Messrs J.Simpson, J.Holmes, R.Thurstain, and V.Trewin.
The church was closed in 1962 and sold to Peninsula Gardens(Melway 170 J9)in 1968 as a chapel for holiday makers.

PRESBYTERIAN. Dromana opened June 1888. (See P.121-3 of ADOD.) 1890 Red Hill services in school house. 1922 building committee Cr George Higgens and Messrs T.Chapman, R.Holland, A.Haig (former councillor), W.Haig and R.McSwain.Services in Red Hill Hall from 1927 due to increased population near station.The new church opened on 4-2-1934 with much of the building having been erected over 30 volunteers over 2 days (not quite as quick as the Rosebud church in front of the Rosebud Beach Safeway site!)
Organists Mrs H.J.Skidmore (who started the choir) and Mesdames Bowring, Buntrock, Blakely, Warnecke and Miss A.Liversidge*. (*See Red Hill P.O. A member of the family might have been the great goalkicker in the early years of Rosebud Football Club, formed 1929!) There were memorials in the church for Cr Higgens, and James Wiseman, Ken Davis and Ralph Erskine, three members killed in W.W.2.

CHURCH OF CHRIST. First service at Glenbower, home of Mr and Mrs Robert Sheehan in late 1885. Later they were held in alternate homes and the old State School. A Sunday School was run by Mrs John Sheehan, assisted by Mr Bowring. In early 1910 three sites for a chapel were considered andthat on Mr W.Holmes' property opposite Arkwells Lane was chosen. A small wooden chapel was built by Mr Harvey in April 1911; prior to this, baptisms were held in the sea at Shoreham and Dromana. In 1939, the hall was built and in 1956, the manse was built on land donated by Mr M.Wright.

CHURCH OF ENGLAND. The Vicar at Flinders held some services at the school and at "Devona" (mainly for the Jarmans.)Rev. Watts of Hastings used to leave his motor bike at Merricks and walk along the railway line to Red
Hill in the winter (the roads being quagmires.) About 1949, Rev.Goodison conducted services in the Mechanics' Institute. The old school was bought on 1-6-1955 and named St George's with Rev. Reddrop conducting services.
p.36. Photos of Methodist and Presbyterian churches.

P.37. ROADS AND STORES. The cutting nearest the top of Arthurs Seat, Brien's (Bryan's)was mainly used as a bullock track for hauling timber to Dromana.Simon's Cutting was halfway down the mountain and extremely steep in places but a fair walking track.Eaton's Cutting reaches Arthurs Seat Rd almost the Consolidated School. Although formed and gravelled, it was subject to severe erosion. James Holmes was lucky to escape death when his motor buggy rolled backwards over a steep bank and overturned. (A village settlement pioneer, Thiele, was killed on Eatons Cutting Rd and Hec Hanson gives a great description of the surface in Memoirs of a Larrikin. I will be producing another journal about Red Hill based on Hec's memories, such as rescuing Mr Rodda from the open fire in the schoolhouse. In 1904, W.H.Blakely bought a Crestmobile (picture on P.62.)The Country Roads Board was formed in 1913 and tenders were awarded to Byrne Bros. and Vansuylen Bros. respectively for forming and metalling White Hill Rd. Mornington-Flinders Rd was declared a public highway in 1914.
P.38. Although some people such as William Shand still walked to Melbourne, it was more usual to travel from Dromana on vessels such as the Gertrude, Awaroa and S.S.Reliance which berthed at Little Dock (which catered to Lime and later firewood trade) or the famous steamers, Ozone, Hygea (sic) and Weeroona. Later Harry Cairns conducted a carrier business using a covered wagon drawn by two horses. This was about the only service from Red Hill to Melbourne.People walked, very early, to Moat's Corner to meet the wagon which got them to Mornington Station (very slowly) but in time to catch the 9a.m. train. Later a walk to Kennedy's Corner and a ride in a two horse coach to Bittern Station became popular.
(The late Ray Cairns' father, Harry, was called "Hill" Harry, and farmed at Maroolaba near Patterson Rd at Fingal. It was his cousin "Carrier" or "Rabbity" Harry Cairns, who lived near Melway 253 B9 and commenced his pick up of fish, rabbits and passengers at Cape Schanck.)

There was a small general store at the post office and William Hillis started a butcher's shop at the top of post office hill.Later there was another general store almost opposite the Presbyterian Church which was later used as a haberdashery and bootmaker's. The Red Hill Sth post office housed a general store and another general store was operated by Mr and Mrs W.E.Craig.(W.S.Craig played his 200th game of footy with Somerville in 1936 while living at Pearcedale, where there is a Craig Rd. Perhaps W.E.Craig was his cousin.)

P.39. On Monday afternoons the doctor (Weld?) came from Dromana and saw patients in the back of Craig's store.Also on Mondays the very small National Bank near the railway line was open for business.
P.40. Photos of an orchard and Holmes' valley in 1921.

P.41-3. THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned.
INFORMATION THAT I HAD COMPILED HERE ABOUT THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT PIONEERS HAS BEEN TRANSFERRED TO A SEPARATE JOURNAL ENTITLED "PIONEERS OF THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT AT RED HILL, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA."

P.44. Photos of the first Red Hill Show and Clearing the showgrounds. (I have seen a reference, which I can't find, to the showgrounds area being called Arkwell's Bush, and Bob White carting the timber that was cleared to Rosebud for firewood in his bullock dray.)

P.45. GOLD. In the 1880's B.F.Eaton wrote a letter to council asking permission to to cut a watercourse for mining purposes. He found 7 ounces of gold in 7 years. In Lime Land Leisure, the history of the Shire of Flinders, C.N.Hollinshed mentioned the gold mining brother of Watson Eaton but did not supply his given name. Why? Colin McLear had obviously given him a manuscript that was published after Colin's death as A Dreamtime of Dromana. Colin did not know the brother's name and Charles did not bother to find out.

I eventually discovered that the gold mining brother's name was Bernard in a Dromana Trades Directory of 1888.
I also discovered that Benjamin Eaton, a librarian, was paying rates on a Dromana property and suspect that he was paying rates for Maud Eaton, whom Colin discusses in some detail. Another librarian, Thomas Eaton, could have been another Eaton brother who had come out with the Griffith family from the United States.

Bernard F.Eaton would have known well how to cut a watercourse for mining purposes (a race); Wise's directory of 1868 had the following entry in the Alphabetical section: B.F.Eaton, race owner, Creswick.By supplying the initials, Sheila has turned the suspicion that Bernard was the Creswick race owner into a certainty.

Watson Eaton settled on a 150 acre block (7B, no section, Kangerong) at the west corner of Eatons Cutting Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd. Colin discusses his service as a doctor to the district, recalled by a plaque kept in a church and now in the Dromana Museum, which continued for many years until his death as a result of a fall while riding to a patient in 1877. Colin said that he'd had some medical training before leaving America but Watson, himself, denied that he had been to University or received medical training. (Report of an inquest in my "Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove".)

The Eatons and Griffith families had started off on the Survey and their neighbours there, the Peateys and Clydesdales who lived east of Moats Corner, were among those who worked at Bernard's mine at Tubbarubba. The Moats probably found the missing evidence from the 1874 Schnapper Point Murder trial while working for Bernard.

P.46. Photos of woodchoppers at the first show and a special train to the first show

P.47. MURDER. This gives limited detail of the SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER of 1874, which was given that name rather than the Tubbarubba Murder because the initial hearing was held at Mornington.

The following is an extract from my "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc". Articles are from The Argus.

11-11-1871. LAND ACT 1869. Schedule of applications to be heard at the local land board, Mornington on 13-11-1871. James Flood Jnr (Bittern 106.0.30, 1 a and b), Frank Counsel (Kangerong 121.1.27, lot 21), Richard P.Counsel (Kangerong 126.1.15, lot 20), Samuel Sherlock (Moorooduc, 30 acres, a reserve), James Wilson (Moorooduc 230 acres, part of reserve), James E. Cook (Moorooduc 76 acres, lot 21 and a reserve), James D.Allison (Moorooduc 2 acres, a reserve), George Jackline ((Moorooduc 6 ac, a reserve), William Grover (Moorooduc 30.0.5, a reserve), James Holcombe (Moorooduc 8 acres, a reserve), Benjamin Benton(Moorooduc 30 acres, part of a reserve).
One would assume that Reserve would mean a timber or water reserve but I think that it must mean with-held from sale (alienation). Benjamin Bentons 30 acres could have been the farm mentioned in regard to lot 3 on 3-12-1877 or 32 acres west of the junction of Tuerong and Three Chain Rd, crown allotment 26A, for which he received the grant on 8-2-1876. Melway references are given where the lands location is known.
Jas. Flood Jnr. (actually 166.0.30 Island View Drive), F.Counsel (161 D10-12)
R.P.Counsel (west of F.Counsels ), S.Sherlock (probably near Green Island Avenue), James Wilson , J.Cook (possibly near Paperbark Dr. and Hyperno Way), W.Grover (possibly north east of the beach end of Main St).
James Wilsons land was possibly part of a surrendered pre-emptive right such as near the Mornington Racecourse or east of Tuerong station, where E.M.Wilson received a grant of nearly 160 acres in 1888. John and Agnes Wilson were on Tuerong Station in 1874 when the Schnapper Point Murder took place, and were witnesses at the trial. J.B.Wilson selected 163 acres between Tuerong Station and The Briars in 1875, that later became Cheshires Moorellen. As J.H.Wilson was John, J.B.Wilson could have been James.
Charles Wilson, the train driver who became President of Mornington Shire, and after whom the C.B.Wilson Reserve in Wilsons Rd, Mornington was named, was a child of the marriage of a Wilson lass from Tuerong and an unrelated Wilson lad from Mornington.

THE SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER.
21-9-1874. Several residents near Three Chain Road were witnesses in the case of the Schnapper Point Murder. James Firth and his brother had come to see John and Agnes Wilson, who were occupying the Tuerong Station following Ralph Ruddells insolvency, to borrow some arsenic. James helped the constable to find the body. John McCusker, who was a sheep farmer living north of the two vineyards that are now located on Foxeys Rd, and his cousin, Peter Donnelly, were also key witnesses. Patrick Shannon was acquitted of murdering John Moriarty (Argus 19-10-1874.) One mystery that remained was what had become of some items that Moriarty was known to be carrying at the time of his death. The Hobart Mercury reported on 22-7-1895 that Charles and Frank Moat had found Moriartys watch and scales, but stated that if these items had been available at the trial, the verdict would have been the same.
Charles and Frank Moat owned land between Moats Corner and the racecourse (which is now a Recreation Reserve (Melway 160 H-J6.) By 1895 Charles had married a Rye girl and had become a Rye resident. However the depression of the 1890s was at its worst and the Moats (and Clydesdale and Peatey lads) were probably working on the Tubbarubba diggings for Bernard Eaton (the mysterious Mr Eaton mentioned by Colin McLear and C.N.Hollinshed.)
Further details of the trial are mentioned in my Tuerong.

P.48. Photos of Chamber's Mill crew and the Red Hill hall.

P.49. THE GREAT WAR. Sheila lists Red Hill men who enlisted in the great war, giving details of deaths and diabilities resulting. They were Charles Trewin, William and Joseph McIlroy, William Hind (Merricks), Richard, Robert,Arthur and Herbert McIlroy, Reg and Sid Sheehan, Walter Champion, Jack Gibson, Walter Brown, Sam McKay, Joseph Smith, Andrew and Bert Nicholson, Harry Harrison, Chris, Ernie and Fred White, and Dave Barker from Main Creek. (Some names here confirm my choice of boundaries for my dictionary history journal.)

W.W.2. Sheila listed Bob Trewin, Jack Wiseman, Ken Davis, Ralph Erskine and Ern Radford, who all lost their lives. (Members of the Red Hill Football Club who enlisted are in the RED HILL ENLISTMENTS entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.) The R.S.L. was formed in 1916 and the Dromana sub-branch in 1922. Red Hill received its charter in 1947, meeting in the Red Hill hall before purchasing two blocks at the end of the hall road (Mechanics Rd?)

P.50. Photos of the first train arriving and the railway opening.

P.51. A meeting in July 1882 in which Joseph McIlroy was involved and formation of the Mornington Peninsula Combined Railway League in June 1889 did little to help Red Hill and the depression of the 1890's (put a halt to Tommy Bent's massive expansion of railways, with Henry Gomm getting a station next to "Glenhoya" and his future Somerville Hotel just in the nick of time. I though Henry worth mentioning because his grandson, George, married a Wilson girl from Red Hill.) At a meeting at the Red Hill schoolhouse in 1899 (at night in atrocious weather conditions; I have read the newspaper article,a reformed railway league was formed with) William McIlroy as Chairman in the absence of Mr Downard M.L.A. (Downward). Office bearers elected were: William Harrison (Pres.), A.Bennett (Sec.), Robert Sheehan (Treas.) W.H.Blakeley, Mr Davey, William McIlroy and Thomas Cleine were appointed as a deputation to gain a railway extension to Red Hill and were to meet at Blakeley's premises in Lonsdale St (No.115 according to the 1919-20 rates.)There were arguments about alternative routes.

There always were arguments! Mt Eliza residents opposed a commonsense proposal to have a railway run directly to Mornington instead of the lengthy detour through Mornington Junction (Baxter.) A railway was proposed to Sorrento and Dromana actually had a "Railway Estate" bounded by Palmerstone Ave and Jetty and Boundary Rds. (1919-20 rates.) It was proposed that the railway go through Red Hill but a deputation from Moorooduc pointed out that a line passing through Moorooduc would save considerable distance and cost. Observer of Dromana probably owned much of the Railway Estate! (Google "railway, Sorrento, Red Hill, Moorooduc; e.g. Frankston and Somerville Standard 24-4-1925 p.1, Argus 23-4-1925 p.9.)
Alfred Downward was a much respected member of Parliament but it is amazing how his name was rendered as Downard from Rye to Red Hill by the pioneers.

P.53.The Railway's official opening on 23-9-1921 was organised by a committee that included Sam Tuck, a resident of Manton's Creek for 77 years and James Wiseman who was too sick to attend the opening, dying a few days later.Mrs Haig, aged 92 and a resident of 45 years helped the minister cut the ribbon.Messrs McIlroy, Haig and Calder were among the 25 speech makers.

P.56. Slow and late trains and William Calder's improved roads led to a lack of railway patronage and the last train left in June, 1954. Another photo of the opening.

P.57. FIRE. Cr George Higgens chaired a meeting in 1940 to form a fire brigade with Thomas Erlandsen, G.Jarman and Robert Holmes being elected as President, Secretary and Captain. In 1942 there was a serious outbreak at the back of Yuille Wilson's property near the O.T.dam. (See TREWIN in the dictionary history re Yuille Wilson, his wife, Bess and his twin daughters. See A Dreamtime of Dromana regarding the name of the dam.)
P.58. Karl Cleine was the captain in 1946. As they had no truck they used Bob Holmes' truck. Cr Keith Holmes was appointed Secretary (of a building committee? my notes not clear!)and a fire station was built on (redundant!) railway property in 1955. Bob Holmes resigned as Captain at the age of 70 in 1955 and Geoff Sandford took over. Following the death of Mr G.Laurissen, Alan Bowring was elected President. A team was entered in Regional demonstrations in 1958 with Ted Littlejohn, Russell Simpson and Kevin Holmes as Lieutenants.
SPORTS.
Annual picnics at Shoreham, concerts in the old school and Methodist church, and later socials in the Church of Christ or William Holmes' fruit shed, the school's bird day and visits to the "tunnel" between Simon's and Eaton's cuttings are discussed.

P.59. THE RIFLE CLUB. 1900, Pres. Mr McLear J.P. Some others involved were J.Shand (Capt.), H., J.W.and Joseph McIlroy, A.Head, Jonathon Davis, D.Mairs, Huntley and Simpson. The range was at McIlroy's Ranges paddock rather than Palmer's Point as first proposed. (David Mairs, who may have been a grantee of much land now part of Essendon Aerodrome was not a Red Hill resident but was the grantee of ----acres of land at-----. See the David Mairs journal about a probable marital link to the Huntleys. The Simpsons may have lived near the Mairs.)

P.60.HORSE RACING. The racecourse near Moat's Corner and Jonah Griffith's two horses that won everywhere.
FOOTBALL. Report of a Dromana v Red Hill match in which A McIlroy (B.O.G.), K.Cleine, R.Sheehan, G.Laurissen, R.Wilson, R.Trewin, Holmes and Prosser (sic) were the best players. The early jumper was like Joseph's coat of many colours. The club was (re)formed in 1929. (The same clubs had played on Red Hill's football ground circa 1891!)
In 1917-8, 6 acres of land was purchased from the Arkwells at 10 pounds per acre. (In his brief history W.J.Holmes called this "Arkwell's Bush" and said that Bob White had carried much cleared timber to Rosebud in his bullock dray to be sold as firewood.)The Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society held their shows at Dromana before 1915. Reformed, with the same name, this body held its first show at the coolstore at Red Hill in 1922, the President being R.McIlroy and the secretary J.Holland. There was a break from 1939 due to the war and shows resumed in 1947 with W.Milburn Pres. and W.Kleehammer Sec. (I wonder if Mr Milburn was a descendant of Basket Davey Milburn of Keilor!)
CRICKET. The Kangerong club of 1899-1900 was mainly made up of Red Hill men.The first pitch in Red Hill was laid out on the property of Andrew Haig (to be detailed in my Dictionary History journal). With Russ Trewin as captain, Red Hill played their first game against Main Ridge on 27-1-1923. Red Hill joined the S.P.C.A. in 1923-4 and did moderately well. The next season Cecil Eeles was appointed captain-coach and led J.Holland, C.Beck, S.Maine, G.Hansford, E.Haig, K.Cleine, R.Edwards, B.Shearing, R.Siggers and Robbins to a premiership. By this season a pitch on the Rec.Res. was being used.
TENNIS was first played on "Wildwood" and later at the recreation ground.Miss Janet Wiseman and Andrew Haig were among the earliest players.

P.62. Photos of W.H.Blakeley's Crestmobile and Red Hill Tennis Club in the early 1920's.

P.63. Orchards and Gardens. In the Spring of 1862, the first of many apple trees, provided by the Government, were planted. Joseph McIlroy daubed trees with cow dung, possibly to cover saw wounds and cuts. (Much detail from an article called Around Red Hill in August 1902 has been provided in the Village Settlement journal and other orchards and gardens will be included in the Dictionary History journal.

P.65.The coolstore was started in December 1919 and finished in May 1920. The directorate was A.Haig, H.Prossor, S.Holland, F.Butler, W.Jarman, and J.Holland (Sec.)It was destroyed by fire in May, 1929. In 1920 a meeting was held to (re)form the Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society and the Red Hill Fruitgrowers' Association.

P.66. Mr E.Bowring Snr was the manager,for two years,of the packing shed erected in 1927 just west of the first coolstore. Passiflora grew passionfruit near Moat's Corner in the 1930's. ( Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives much detail about this company and the O.T. company, which Sheila also mentions.)

P.67. Ben Benson cut sleepers for the Geelong railway in 1857. At the turn of the century there were two saw mills (at Red Hill.)The earliest was established by William Holmes and Major Shaw had a mill opposite Lester's garage site for four years. (See Dictionary History journal re Major Shaw.) John Shand had a mill near Merricks and Chamber's Mill was at Main Ridge. (Chamber's Mill is mentioned in the Conservation Study.)

P.68. Photo of the(second) Red Hill coolstore in the 1930's.

P. 69. Nostalgic memories.

FINIS.

4 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago

THE WHITE FAMILY, PIONEERS OF RYE/SORRENTO, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

READ COMMENT 3 BEFORE STARTING!

Some surnames can be common in local history areas and often writers of municipal histories have made wrong assumptions. Near Essendon, Keilor and Broadmeadows there were three completely different families of Robertsons on Gowrie Park (Campbellfield), La Rose and Upper Keilor/Aberfeldie/Gladstone Park/Kensington/Ardmillan/Ascot Vale. Charlie Wilson, Mornington Shire's train driving President after whom the C.B.Wilson Reserve and possibly Wilson Rd were named was the child of a union between the Wilsons of Tuerong Park and an unrelated Mornington Wilson family.A Wilson was a signatory to a petition for a school at Moorooduc in the early 1860's and could have been from Tuerong OR Henry William "Wingy" Wilson, the Jamieson's Special Survey bullocky who founded the butchering empire. Not too far to the east was George Wilson of Balnarring parish! Just across Vineyard Lane from Tuerong Park lived Peter White, grandfather of the Female Drover, Shirley Bourne. I am fairly sure that Peter was not related to the Whites of whom I intend to write but you never know!

What I should really say is that the true answer will never be supplied by a local historian. The nitty gritty of sorting out whether neighbours with the same surname are related is only ever undertaken by FAMILY HISTORIANS!!! Deidre Farfor helped me sort out the various Robertsons. Now Pam Colvin has stepped up to the plate to help me tell you about two pioneers who settled (possibly near The Heads, meaning the Sorrento-Portsea area) at the same time as the Sullivan family, but have so far received little acknowledgement.

I will commence by telling you what has been recorded about this particular White family. The Rye Township 150th souvenir , which I recently read, does not seem to mention George White. But there again, it does not mention Antonio Albress either. The Cain, Rowley, Sullivan, Hill etc families receive good coverage as usual and a large excerpt from Patricia Appleford's history of Rye Primary School, the churches etc is included.

The main NEW information is a map showing Sidney Smith Crispo's original Canterbury Jetty. Too bad that new information supplied to the Historical Society did not accompany the plan. Canterbury was Crispo's second name for his proposed village; the first was Manners-Sutton. Sir John Manners-Sutton was the Governor in the 1860's and became Viscount Canterbury during his term of office.

It is LIME LAND LEISURE that supplies the most information about the Whites. I have used the index supplied after the book was published but this seems to have missed one reference which was probably in the DARK genealogical near the end. On Page 157, Charles Hollinshed had written about EDWARD under the WHITE genealogy
but the subject of his attention was Edward WILLIAMS. Edward was not related to the White family but the author's confusion was caused by the fact that Edward sold his old Sorrento Butcher shop to George White.

LIME LAND LEISURE.
Page 54. The produce of the White brothers' kinn (and others) may have gone up Canterbury Road.
Page 56. On the west end of a lime kilns map, No 13 is labelled B.Willard, later G.White and G.Sutton. It is located near the intersection of Mission St and Haven Ave (Melway 157 D12.)
Page 57. Rye area of the map. 2 and 2a are labelled White brothers. The first is on the east side of Canterbury St about a fifth of the way from Melbourne Rd to the beach, probably near the bend in Anelida St. The second was probably near the west side of the R.J.Rowley reserve and the reason that W.A.Blair purchased that area.
Page 60. An oldtimer's map of the township shows land owned at the east corner of Pt Nepean Rd and Dundas St labelled G.White. Details of this purchase from the Rye Township map will be given later.
Page 65. George and Robert White were limeburners.
Page 70. No reference; indexing error.
Page 157-8. (The last paragraph of 157 and page 158, apart from the reference to George White buying Edward Williams' old butcher shop, are entirely about Edward Williams.)
Billis and Kenyon name George and Robert White as pastoral pioneers in 1843-1850 and 1843 respectively. There may have been four White brothers, one of them Richard White. Captain Ferguson referred to George and Robert White in his report on the resumption of land near the heads for a quarantine station (in 1852.) Robert had paid a (lime) licence fee of twelve pounds in that year. (It would therefore seem that they were burning lime close to Portsea at that time. There would have been little activity near Rye at that time except for Owen Cain at Tyrone. However, it is possible that George and Robert were operating near the Mission St site indicated on page 56.)
Richard White, limeburner, married Eliza Taylor. They had two sons who left the district and six daughters including Georgiana, born 1861, who married Mr Meaden, father of Mrs Creswell who supplied this information.
(Richard has been found in early rate records but either died or also left the district soon after. The genealogy, to come, will determine which is correct.)
Richard's children were scared by Maoris so it is possible that Richard was living/working near the Rowley Reserve where a White brothers' kiln is shown as 2a on the page 57 map. As well as fishing the Maoris had a farm near the oval, which is recalled by Maori St.
Edward (i.e.Williams) sold his partly demolished butcher shop on the north corner of Hotham Rd and George St, an area known as Butchers' Hill, to George White.

RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL, Patricia Appleford.
Page 50-51. Arthur Dark, born 11-4-1924, worked for E.G.White of Sorrento who operated a daily service to Melbourne before the start of world war 2. As Arthur referred to himself as a "jockey" I presume the "service" involved carriage of goods. Arthur's workmates, in that job, were Len Hill, Percy Watson, Parley Blackwell, Alby Morgan and Jack White .
Page 139. Map showing White brothers' kilns 2 and 2a as in LIME LAND LEISURE.

ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. Peter Wilson.
I recalled a chapter in Peter's book relating details of a Government plan in 1859 to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach in order to enclose the police paddock between Rye and the Quarantine Station, and a petition opposing this plan. My notes on this chapter were not extensive but a trip to the library was very worthwhile.
As directories of the Rye/Heads area were non-existent at this time, I will record all of the signatories. As a report, mentioned later, states that there were only two landowners, [Peter Purves and James Ford), it can be assumed that all of the signatories (with the exception of Kenna and one other, whom I did not note,who were Melbourne residents) were limeburners, as stated in the report.
I will also use this opportunity to acknowledge a pioneer of Tootgarook who has been completely ignored. He was Peter Purves. Peter Wilson assumed that he was the son of James Purves, the architect but he was actually the brother of James.
James and Peter, a stone mason, spent time in Tasmania building bridges before settling at Tootgarook, whose name was bestowed by Peter. As Hobson had moved to Gippsland in 1843, giving one station the name of Traralgon from the local aboriginal terms (see my aboriginal vocabulary journal and the Hobson journal) but transferred Tootgarook to the Purves brothers in 1850 shortly after acquiring George Smith's Wooloowoollooboolook, it can be assumed that they had been managing it for Hobson, as speculated in LIME LAND LEISURE. It was Peter who signed the petition; James would have been in Melbourne, working as an architect or agent, or in England buying horses or at (Chinton?) Station east of Mt Macedon, with only the occasional visits to Tootgarook. Trove shows the extent of James Purves' involvement in Melbourne (as documented in my DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE.)Incidentally Peter Wilson said that Hobson's "Rosebud" was uninsured when it was wrecked but architect Purves had insured it, probably having bought the vessel from Hobson. Peter died in 1860, just after the petition was presented, and the full time management of Tootgarook probably passed to his son, James, who had been reunited with his father for just eight years. (SOURCES: Trove, Memoirs of a Larrikan by Hec Hansen.)
George White Snr was an old neighbour of Peter Purves and James Ford, and signed the petition despite the fact that he really wanted the fence because he did not want to offend them .

THE 1859 PETITION.
At this time, there was no township of Rye, and according to LIME LAND LEISURE, the Rye Hotel was in Dromana! When the Township was declared in 1861, it was called Tootgarook, probably because it had been part of the Tootgarook run. John Campbell apparently had built a jetty in 1860 and this probably prompted lime burners to erect houses near the pier so they would be close to home when they brought the day's production for shipping. One house, occupied by John Berry, and later by the Sullivans when they moved from the Heads in 1852, is said to have been the first house in the township area. In 1869, almost all of the suburban blocks south of the cemeteryand west of Dundas St were bought by limeburners ( more truly lime merchants such as W.A Blair. It has not been definitely established whether Thomas Monahan was connected with the lime industry or just a land speculator.)
James Purves bought his square mile pre-emptive right between about Keith St and Government/Weeroona Rds on 22-10-1855. Ford's land was mainly near Portsea. The Wannbaeue parish map does not indicate when the Fords acquired Wannaeue Station bounded by Eastbourne Rd, Boneo Rd, Browns Rd and Jetty, Old Cape Schank Rd. O'Shannassy reported that Purves and Ford were the only landowners.

Many of the limeburners would have been illiterate. Their names would have been printed (by Peter Purves or James Sandle Ford) and followed by "their mark", usually a cross (X). The names on the petition opposing construction of the fence were: James Ford, Peter Purves, Robert Rainey, James Patterson, George Mitchell, Robert Quinan, George White, Robert White, Richard White, Jeremiah White , James Swan,
Arthur Robinson MATCD (presumably the other Melbourne resident), Alfred Evans, Nathan Page, John Dillon, Edward Russell, Patrick Sullivan, Edward M.Williams, Richard White, George White!, Isaac Prout, Owen Cain, Mrs John Devine, Ben Stennigan (Stenniken), Timothy Sullivan, Thomas Clancy, George Baker, Charles Dean, Mrs Edward Skelton, Samuel Clark, Samuel Williams, Richard Kenna (Melbourne resident!)

Snr Constable O'Shannassy was asked to ascertain why the settlers and limeburners had signed the petition. He found that Clark, Williams, Nathan Page, Mrs Skelton and Jeremiah White had not signed and weren't even asked to sign. George White senior and Robert Quinan, both limeburners, had signed, not wanting to offend their old neighbours,even though they actually wanted the fence. Thomas White and 15 other limeburners wanted the fence to prevent Ford and Purves overgrazing the area with their combined 800 head of cattle. They complained that their own bullocks (obviously used for ploughing and hauling lime)were dying from starvation.
Robert, George and Richard White, Ford, Purves, Cain, Stennigan (sic), and Patrick and Timothy Sullivan feared that their cattle woud be turned out of the area.

Acknowledging more ignored pioneers!
Nathan Page, who committed suicide, probably due to crippling pain, was the grantee of 34a Wannaeue of 38 acres 2 roods and 15 perches fronting the south side of Browns Rd and the east side of Spring Lane west of Truemans Rd. His neighbour on 34b to the south (wrongly called 103 acres when he was leasing it from the Crown, was George White. (More detail re George, Thomas and Robert White's landholdings will follow after the rates information. I will have to check if detail is given about the discovery of Nathan's body and witnesses at an inquiry.) James Patterson may have been connected to the Jamieson's Special Survey/ Patterson Rd, Fingal family. The Swans were grantees in Nepean parish and were involved in a court battle between Blair and Duffy regarding dummy bidders.John Dillon was one of the many limeburners who had jumped ship and, if I remember correctly, was cutting timber for Ben Stenniken at a very age.Edward Russell had been leasing land and obviously burning lime on land acquired by W.A.Blair but on 3-11-1880 received the grant for 38a Wannaeue of 103 acres on the west side of the present (2012) Truemans Rd tip. The Russells were related to the Cairns and Patterson families by marriage several times over. John Devine and Edward Skelton may have died by 1859. Many Portsea and Sorrento pioneer families are detailed in THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and FAMILY CONNECTIONS:SORRENTO AND PORTSEA. The Stennikens were related to the butchering Wilson family, the Sherlocks of Green Island (near Mornington) and Frankston, and the Clemengers of Parkmore at Rosebud. They were granted land between James Trueman and the beach on the west side of Truemans Rd and land in and west of Rye Township. They supplied the limestone for the original C of E school in Rye, and with the Sullivans controlled the supply of ti tree for the ovens of Melbourne's bakers later on.The Stennikens, who had several ships, moved to Port Melbourne but maintained close connections with the Peninsula as the Clemenger marriage shows. Thomas Clancy received the grant for allotment 3 in what seems to be section 2 of Rye Township. This half acres block had frontages of 20 metres to Nelson and Collingwood Sts, commencing 40 metres west of Lyons St.George Mitchell, who was an early storekeeper and postmaster if my memory is correct, had an adjoining block with 200 link/2 chain (40 metre) frontages to Nelson and Lyons Sts. George Baker was the grantee of crown allotments 1,2,3 and 6 of section 7, Rye Township.Lots 1,2 and 3 extended 900 links (180 metres)east from Lyons St along the Esplanade or beach road and were 100 metres deep.Lot 6 was south of lots 1 and 2 with a Lyons St frontage of 80 metres and a depth of 120 metres.
POSTSCRIPT. While trying to pinpoint the location of 95 acres that George White was leasing from E.Ford in 1874, supposedly in the Nepean subdivision, I discovered a crown allotment granted to Thomas Clancy. It was 58 Nepean, consisting of 23 acres 2 roods and 18 perches and granted to Thomas in 1866. Thomas McRavey, a pioneer connected with the Dromana/Red Hill area received the grant for C.A. 59 on the east side of Hughes Rd and what is now Pt Nepean Rd. It ran east to a bend in the beach road which can still be seen at the McDougall St corner. Clancy's lot 58 ran east from there to a point which can be determined by extending the western boundary of the Stringer Rd Reserve to Pt Nepean Rd. The southern boundary of lots 59, 58 and C.Graham's lot 53 is indicated by extending the northern boundary of Stringer Rd Reserve. It is possible that Thomas Clancy was quarrying and burning lime on this land when he signed the petition in 1859. Another signatory was Robert Quinan. It is possible that he was the grantee of 54a, which is now the Stringer Rd Reserve. The parish map has the grantee of the 12 acres 1 rood and 28 perches as P.Quinlan, but given that Ben Stenniken was called Stennigain and Stenniker, it is possible that a faded R was rendered as P by a copyist and the surname is actually Quinan.

KANGERONG AND FLINDERS RATE RECORDS.
3-9-1864. Nepean subdivision. Richard White was assessed on a 3 roomed house and garden leased from Owen Cain, which had a nett annual value of 10 pounds. This could have been on Tyrone, which Owen was granted on 11-5-1860, land on the west side of the south end of Canterbury Jetty Rd granted to Owen on 21-7-1863, land on the north side of Melbourne Rd now occupied by streets named on a golf theme which adjoined Tyrone and was granted on 27-7-1863. The westernmost beachside suburban block of Rye Township, east of Cain St, was not granted to Owen until 1869.
If Richard was on the second plot of land, his neighbour across Canterbury Jetty Rd would have been a fellow signatory of the petition, James Swan, who received the grant for his 128.25 acre allotment 14 on 11-5-1860. Tyrone is indicated at the Canterbury Rd end by streets with ship names, contains maiden names of daughters in law (Murray, Neville), and Michael St (Owen's son), running east to the Cain St/Whitecliffs Lane midline.

George White was assessed on a 4 roomed house with a nett annual value of 10 pounds. The rate collector did not record the fact until 2-9-1865 but this was leased from the Crown.
In the Wannaeue subdivision, Robert White was assessed on a hut with a NAV of five pounds from the Cairns brothers. There is no doubt where this was. The Cairns brothers grant, known as Little Scotland, was bounded by Boneo Rd, Browns Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd, extending 718 metres north of Browns Rd. It is likely that Robert was managing the kiln for Robert, David and Alexander Cairns.

2-9-1865. Details unchanged except that George's property is specified as being leased from the Crown and it was probably lots 7 and 8 granted to him less than a month earlier, with the rate collector not yet acquainted with this information. The NAV of the hut Robert is leasing from the Cairns brothers is now only 2 pounds 10 shillings.
1-9-1866. Roberts leased hut is described as having one room. George White is assessed on 2 acres of land (nett annual value 2 pounds.). This may have been Crown allotments 7 and 8 of section 3 Rye Township with a frontage of 100 metres to the east side of Dundas St and a frontage of 80 metres eastward on the Esplanade. But lots 7 and 8 comprised half an acre each. Therefore he had one acre, a fact that did not seem to filter through until the 5-9-1868 assessment. Lots 7 and 8 were granted on 10-8-1865 so the purchaser was probably George junior. The genealogy will provide the date of his father's death but it was in 1865 I think.
Richard White's name seems to have disappeared for good from the rate records.

7-9-1867.Robert is still at Little Scotland with details unchanged.George is assessed on a 2 roomed house and the NAV has risen to 10 pounds illustrating the relative value of a house compared to that of land at this time and for many more decades.

5-9-1868. Robert is still at Little Scotland and this seems to be his last year there. George is assessed on a 3 roomed house and one acre but the NAV is unchanged, which is strange.

4-9-1869. No assessment could be found for Robert. Details for George are unchanged.

3-9-1870.George-ditto. THOMAS WHITE was assessed on half an acre and a 2 roomed house near Dromana. At this stage of my research, I had not seen Pam's genealogy, but I jotted it down just in case he was related. He was!

2-9-1871. Ditto for George and Thomas.
6-9-1873. George was assessed on a house and [2] roomed house, now having a NAV of 12 pounds. (Thomas?-CHECK.)
Robert reappears, being assessed on one allotment, Rosebud, NAV 2 pounds. This was crown allotment 11 of the Rosebud Fishing Village which he purchased on 30-6-1873. Robert must have informed the rate collector fairly promptly! Allotment 11 is the second block on the foreshore east of the Rosebud jetty access road. It had a 90link (18 metre frontage and has a two story brick house on it, possibly built by Melbourne Lord Mayor, Edward Campbell. Was Robert trying a spot of fishing like most of the early purchasers in 1873? This one rood, seven and a half perches block was directly across the beach road from Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue!

5-9-1874. Robert White was assessed on the Rosebud Fishing Village block again. George was assessed on his acre and house on the Dundas St corner but its NAV was back to 10 pounds. Had he appealed against the previous assessment? Immediately under this entry, in the NEPEAN SUBDIVISION George was assessed on 95 acres that he was leasing from E. Ford.It had the same NAV as George's acre and modest house!!! After spending two hours trying to determine which Ford grants(near Portsea!) would approximately total 95 acres and finding no such combination, I recalled seeing a Ford grant in Wannaeue Parish. Yep, there it was! Crown Allotment 26, Wannaeue of 95 acres 2 roods and 20 perches at the north east corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds, extending north to the bend at the bottom of Melway 252 F1. Its eastern boundary is that of the Eagle Ridge Golf Course. It was granted to Edward Ford on 17-4-1878 so the rate collector was incorrect in describing E.Ford as the owner. This must have been the land that George White was leasing because it is the only grant that Edward Ford received and as far as I can tell the only grant consisting of 95 acres. N.B. It was quite common for assessments for the likes of the Purves, Stennikens, Shands etc to be written in one subdivision when the land was actually in two of them.

2-10-1875. Robert White was assessed on the Rosebud Fishing Village block and 152 acres Wannaeue . George was assessed on his house on the acre block at the east corner of Dundas St in Rye.

15-9-1876. For the first time,entries have been put into one previously blank column, OCCUPATION! Assessments for Robert (farmer) and George (bootmaker) remain unchanged.

14-9-1877. Robert White is still assessed on the half acre foreshore block and 152 acres but is now described as a labourer. George White is still a bootmaker but may have had his block on the Dundas St corner sequestered;Pam told me that he became insolvent. He is leasing 103 acres, Wannaeue, from the crown, an errant description of 34B of 105 acres 2 roods and 25 perches. (I wonder how soon this was corrected!) This land fronted the west side of Spring Lane from a point 264 metres south of Browns Rd(the boundary with Nathan Page's land) for another 814 metres to a dogleg to the left.The northern boundary was 512 metres and the south boundary only a bit more than 500 metres because the eastern boundary headed slightly east of south to the said bend.

27-7-1878. The brothers are now in the West Riding and George is in the Tootgarook Electoral Division. He is still described as a bootmaker leasing 103 acres from the Crown. Things are happening at Rosebud! Robert White SENIOR has the foreshore block and Robert White JUNIOR has the 152 acres. Both George and Robert SENIOR are described as bootmakers. Robert JUNIOR is a farmer. On 24-7-1879, details were the same except that Robert Jnr preferred yoeman to farmer but reverted to the former term by the assessment of 31-7-1880, with all other details unchanged.

30-7-1881. George, a bootmaker is leasing his 103 acres from the Crown and renting Robert White's fishing Village block. The occupant of the 152 acres is Robert White, presumably still junior.

What do you mean by "it's about time you told us where the 152 acre block is!!!" It won't be long.

21-7-1883. Thomas reappears! He has obviously bought the Rosebud Fishing Village block granted to Robert White.His occupation is given as Cutler. Details are the same re the 103 and 152 acres.
The 152 acre, soon to become 150 acre, property was crown allotment Wannaeue, bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, Jetty Rd, Hove Rd and Adams Ave. This farm, in later times in the chapter of Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD entitled HENRY POTTON'S FARM. I have a theory that Robert White built the original homestead and that it has been extended, remaining as Wahgunyah at 19 Mitchell St. The 2 acre block about to be sold was actually sold much earlier and may have even had a hotel built on it.
The following comes from a document in the scrapbook of Harvey Marshall, a descendant of Captain Henry Everest Adams. In August, 1878 gave William Edwards, farmer, of Dromana, a loan of 128 pounds and nine shillings to be repaid with interest on 30-6-1880. Edwards mortgaged lot 86 of section 18a (crown allotment 18 of section A). This was obviously the two acres on which Jack Jones built his store, which he was operating in 1900 and 1910,on the corner now occupied by FJ's, as the rest of crown allotment remained intact as 150 acres. At the time of the loan, the two acre block probably had a nett annual value of two pounds, so I have speculated that Edwards had built, or was building upon the block, the mysterious Schnapper Point Hotel ON THE ROAD TO DROMANA that Edwards was operating in 1888.(Victoria and Its Metropolis.)Whether he did or not, it is obvious that lot 86 had been sold before August 1878, not after the assessment of 21-7-1883.
I took my daughter to the medical clinic at 19 Mitchell St and noticed the old building which I had never seen before.This was the start of my campaign to gain heritage protection for Rosebud's historic houses, culminating in a heritage overlay for the Boyd cottage at 62 Rosebud Pde.I commenced an investigation of rate records in an effort to establish when the house was built, the house that De Garis called Wagunyah in his suicide note.
In the early 1870's the grantee, Warren, seems to have sold crown allotment 18 to Blakely (whose name appears on the Edwards-Adams loan document) but the rate collector wasn't really sure.The 6-9-1873 assessment FAINTLY indicates that Blakely leased it to John Twycross. The lease seems to have continued another year as the 5-9-1874 assessment has John Twycross written confidently as the occupier. No doubt the owner column was blank!

From the assessment of 2-10-1875 to that of 16-7-1888, Robert White was assessed on crown allotment 18. The next year Frederick and William Leak probably had the remaining 150 acres.Then Robert White had the property again in the assessments of 19-7-1890 and 18-7-1891. By 1893, Thomas Bamford, a woolclasser owned the property. Further details are available in the HENRY POTTON'S FARM chapter of ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.
As mentioned previously the value of a modest house was far greater than large parcels of land, so any dramatic increase in the nett annual value would indicate construction or enlargement of a homestead. The N.A.V. was 10 pounds in Robert's first assessment in 1875, rose to 15 pounds, to 20 pounds in 1886 and 25 pounds in 1888. As 1888 was the zenith of the land boom and this could be assumed to be the cause of the last increase but the fact that the N.A.V.remained unchanged during the 1890's depression and the slow recovery in the following decade shows that a substantial house caused the increase. In 1905-6, Mrs Bamford must have enlarged or replaced the homestead as the NAV increased to 40 pounds. An architect would probably be needed to determine whether Wahgunyah was an extension of the homestead built by Robert White in 1878 and possibly improved in 1885 and 1887.



FINISH RATES.
GENEALOGY.
The following information has been compiled by Pam Colvin.
I'VE BEEN TRYING TO COPY AND PASTE GENERATIONS 1-3 BUT IT SAYS THERE'S AN INTERNAL ERROR COPYING ONTO THE CLIPBOARD! HELP!!

TWO OLD SORRENTO FAMILIES.
Ernest George White (born 1891 Pt Nepean, died 1942 Toorak) married Bertha Jane Wells (b. 28-6-1891, d. 1980 Rosebud)at St John's C. of E., Sorrento on 30-10-1918. Ernest was 28 and Bertha was 27. She had been living at 2 Lennox St, Richmond. It is almost certain that the groom was E.G.White for whom Arthur Dark acted as "Jockey" in the carrier service to Melbourne. It is by no means indisputable that Bertha was a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells but there are fair indications that she was.
"But Henry Cadby Wells was a pioneer of Frankston!" you might say. You are right of course. But he was one of the earliest pioneers of the Sorrento area. His wife gave birth to the first white child, of permanent settlers, at The Heads. Why was he there? He and "his old shipmate" Robert Rowley spent two years limeburning together until about 1843. When demand dropped off because of the depression, Henry returned to Richmond to resume his trade of bootmaker. He must have done well because he had had bought a boat by 1849 and returned to the Peninsula to crayfish with Robert Rowley. This was a very successful venture and in about 1850, Henry built the first limestone cottage in Sorrento, according to Jennifer Nixon in "Family, Connections, Sorrento and Portsea". Other builders have been suggested but Jennifer, a descendant of the pioneering Skelton family, gives the credit to a Mr Wells. This cottage became the home of "Lugger Jack" Clark, who built the Mornington Hotel next to it. "Clark's Cottage", as it became known, was demolished when the hotel was extended as the Koonya.
H.C.Wells' second venture with Robert Rowley was doomed however. They were probably at sea for days at a time and, eager to visit loved ones, they anchored the vessel in Westernport. When they returned, they discovered that the huge tidal variation had caused the boat to come down on the anchor, damaging it beyond repair. Henry had one more piece of bad luck before settling on Frankston as the place to be. He rented land south of Boundary Road (Canadian Bay Rd) at Mt Eliza from the grantee, J.T.Smith of Ascot House (Fenton St, Ascot Vale) but his vineyards probably met the same fate as most others in the state. (Google "The Wells Story".)







CHARLES GRAVES.
A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA Colin McLear.
Pages 33-5. "In the 1850's young George McLear rode a horse to Davey's (near Davey's Bay or perhaps in Frankston) there to leave it as a fresh horse for the wagon of Charles Graves, when the latter was returning from Melbourne, where he had gone for supplies for for his hawker's business which then served the southern peninsula. George's mother, Mary Ann, was in partnership with Graves in this business and on this occasion George's older brother, William had accompanied Graves." (George ran home rather than wait overnight in the flea-ridden Davey place.)Charles Graves became a tenant of Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd) in 1851 or shortly afterward.
Page 80. In 1865, George McLear paid Graves 12 shillings and sixpence for a pair of trousers for his employee, John Singleton.
Page 91. Charles Graves owned Maryfield before selling it to Mary Ann McLear in February 1860. he established a store at Shoreham.
page 98. Mary Ann went into partnership with a Charles Graves in a drapery business. Charles travelled the district with his wares in a horse and wagon. The McLear boys accompanied him at times. Of the Cairns, newly arrived at Boneo from Scotland in 1854 (Robert 1852), George remembered from a visit with Graves in his travels, a whole flock of snowy haired children. One lad was labouring to crack a whip and announced to the visitors in his best accent, " Ae cunnae crruck a wee whup yet." (The Cairns brothers were at Little Scotland and so was Robert White by 1864!)

Page 99. Allotment 13, section 2, parish of Kangerong was granted to Thomas Monahan, (who with Blair bought most of the suburban blocks in Rye Township)on 19-11-1856. On May 10, 1859 the 166 acres 2 roods 17 perches was transferred to Charles Graves for 168 pounds 5 shillings, a profit of only one pound seven shillings and tenpence for Monahan. Charles had the property fenced by Thomas and Charles Rhymer (who are recalled by a Safety Beach street name) and sold it to his business partner, Mary Ann McLear, for 200 pounds on 31-1-1860. The property which the widow, Mary Ann, proudly named Maryfield commences 400 metres east of Collins Rd and extends the same distance east to a point just past Sheepwash Creek.

Page 132.Charles Graves was one of the 23 residents who supported the application to make Robert Dublin Quinan's private school a common school. Quinan's daughter, Emily Caroline, married James, the son of the ignored Tootgarook pioneer, Peter Purves, on 15-6-1862. (TROVE, MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN.) This Robert Quinan had land in Dromana Township and supplemented his income by balancing the .Kangerong Road Board's finances. Once he had a discrepancy of 5 pounds, and unable to obtain a loan from Richard Watkin, owner of the Dromana Hotel, in order to remedy the situation, he committed suicide.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA page 131.)
It is not known whether he was the signatory to the 1859 petition.


ALONG THE BACK TRACK C 1860
Charles Graves ( back from Melbourne with goods
To hawk to those further west near she-oak woods)
With Bill, the son of his partner, widow McLear,
Left Bill at �The Willow�. His helper now, Godfrey, in his tenth year.

The son of Henry �Wingy� Wilson who had a bung hand,
A bullocky living near the east end of �Survey� land.
To the north, over Yankee Griffith�s maize, Charles saw
Big Clarke�s wedding present to his son-in law.

To the left, young Godfrey saw Cottier�s hut coming nigh,
Now housing a hotel which �Cutter� called the Rye.
�Look,� said Charles, �Pidota and Rowley do it tough:�
�The bay at the moment is looking quite rough!�

When they reached The Rocks, Graves headed back
To climb Arthurs Seat on the Cape Schanck track.
�We�ll never get through that surf alive,
And I�ll not wait asleep like Meyrick in 1845.�

As they climbed with Gracefield on their left
Charles exclaimed, �There is a vine up in the cleft!�
�Do you mean the Swamp Village�s Fred the Greek?�
Young Wilson asked with tongue in cheek.

So they climbed through Burrell�s 12 500 acres,
Dragging logs on downhill slopes as brakers,
Past the back road to Purves� Tootgarook;
Soon Cairns on their right, and Wooloowoolooboolook.

At the next crossroad, right turn and then left;
Charles� handling of his drapery-laden wagon was deft.
Godfrey saw smoke, sobbed,�Cometh my time!�
�Don�t panic lad; they�re burning the lime.�

We started in Kangerong;
Through Wannaeue travelled along,
Some features and people of history seein�,
And now we�ll stop as we reach Nepean.

As they turned back towards Kangerong,
A well-known man came riding strong,
(With five year old Maria) running late.
Godfrey married Maria in 1878.

NOTES FOR "ALONG THE BACK TRACK".
Verse 2. Big Clarke gave his son in law, a member of the Bruce family, the northern 1000 acres of the Survey, hence Bruce Rd.
Verse 3. Cottier, who pronounced his name as Cutter, had a "Rye Hotel" licence for his house in Dromana in 1859. He soon after transferred the name and licence to a hotel that he and another former Dromana resident, John Campbell, built on two adjacent blocks granted to Campbell between Lyons and Napier Streets.The name of the hotel became the name of the town. The present Rye Hotel was built in 1927 by Mrs Hunt who demolished the Gracefield Hotel. (Sources;LIME, LAND LEISURE, RYE TOWNSHIP MAP. Hollinshed gave the licencee's name as James Cottier.)
Verse 4. Oldtimers called Anthony's Nose "the rocks". Drays would wait for low tide and skirt the nose on the sand, which Maurice Meyrick is documented as having done on the way to the Boniyong Run, having a snooze while he waited. Cape Schanck Rd is now largely named Bayview Rd. It was called the back road, back track and in the early 1900's the Hobson's Flat Road. Robert Cairns, who lived on this road, was known as Back Road Bob.
Verse 5. William Grace had orchards and a vineyard on Gracefield. The Gracefield Hotel was built on his grant in Rye by his son in law. Rosebud's Fred Vine was well known to the fishermen in Dromana too. (Photos in Colin's book.)
Verse 6. The Burrells purchased Arthurs Seat Station in 1851. The homestead was built by Andrew McCrae with much help from Henry Tuck. Many readers would be staggered by the idea of a bullocky daring to risk having this dray bogged as he skirted Anthony's Nose on the beach. But that sand was packed hard by the weight of the water at high tide. All the roads shown as government roads on parish maps were far worse. The sand was loose and only those who have tried to wheel a pram of the beach would know what that is like. Jetty, Eastbourne and Truemans Rds were like that for the first half of the 20th century. However, they were not so bad for travellers on horseback. Hiscock Rd originally went from the Jetty, Cape Schanck/Grasslands Rd intersectionto Truemans Rd and was probably followed (alongside the Drum Drum Alloc Creek) by James Purves, the Architect, as he made his way to Tootgarook on his retreats from the high life in Melbourne.
In describing the discovery of Owen Cain's 4 year old daughter, young McCrae described George Smith's homestead as being six miles toward Cape Schanck from the McCrae Homestead. This would place it near Patterson Rd in Fingal. However I believe the location of Wooloowoolooboolook is indicated by the Purves grants along Boneo Rd, north of Little Scotland. Thus LEFT has been changed in the poem to AND.
Verse 7. The turn to the right and turn to the left are still done at Truemans Rd as you head west on Browns Rd, now with the safety of roundabouts.
Verse 8. Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean are parishes.
Verse 9. The well-known man was Ben Stenniken who leased land on Jamieson's Special Survey near young Godfrey's home, as well as owning beachside land on the west corner of Truemans Rd and near Rye. His daughter probably stayed at the property when she was working as a servant at the Bruce house during "the season!"


Charles Graves' properties (Rate Records.)


GRAVES GRAVES AT FLINDERS CEMETERY.



MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE OF ROBERT WHITE OF ROSEBUD.
In the Colony of Victoria
on the 26th July 1877 at Mornington
Robert White
Residence - Rosebud
Age - 27
Profession - Farmer
Birth Place - Perth Shire Scotland
Father - Robert White - Shoemaker
Mother - Elizabeth Russell

Spouse
Margaret Hillis
Residence - Wannaeue
Age - 25
Birth Place - Antrim Ireland
Father - Hill Hillis
Mother - Sarah McKeowan

Robert's father's occupation was recorded as farmer and his father's as shoemaker exactly as in the ratebook for 1877 (above.) Therefore this Robert (the groom) definitely owned crown allotment 18, Wannaeue, of 152 acres, (actually 150 because Charles Blakly had sold lot 86 of two acres.) It seems that the groom had been born in Scotland in about 1850, so he was not a son of the lime-burning White brothers of the 1840's.

According to Colin McLear on page 86 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Mary, the sister of James McKeown had married Hill Hillas in Ireland in 1846 and they had come to Red Hill in 1855 to take up farming. As Colin McLear's informants were probably using memory rather than documents, it seems that Hill's wife was Sarah rather than Mary. Margaret certainly lived in (the parish of)Wannaeue. (See below.)

On page 88, Colin states that the name Hill Hillis appeared in George McLear's account book in 1864; his name appeared often as a supplier of posts, rails and piles for piers. Hillis owned 213 acres on Main Ridge Rd (he meant Main Creek Rd.)

Whether Hill was William or William was his son, the land was granted to William Hillis in 1885 and 1888. This land was south of the east-west section of Whites Rd. Crown allotment 23A of 59 acres 3 roods and 34 perches was accessed by Wilson Rd at its south west corner and went halfway to Whites Rd, while the adjoining 23B, of 153 acres and 36 perches, fronted Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd; the Arthurs Seat/ Main Ridge border shows the south boundary of both allotments.

Earlier on, William Hillis had been Red Hill's first butcher. He operated from near the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds so it is not surprising that William John McIlroy married Elizabeth Hillis and his younger brother, Joseph, married Sarah Hillis. Joseph McIlroy's diary of Wednesday, 20-9-1877 mentions his marriage in Dromana at 12:30 and a celebration at his father's place afterwards, at which the guests were Mr and Mrs McIlroy and family, Mr and Mrs J.Simpson and family, Mr and Mrs Cleine, Mr and Mrs White Jnr. ,Mr and Mrs Ault, Miss Hopcraft, Miss Kemp and Mr and Mrs Hillis. (The Red Hill pages 14,17.)Joseph Simpson of "Bayview", 89A Balnarring east of Baynes St, had married a McIlroy girl (see PIONEERS PATHWAY journal)as had Charles Cleine, Miss Hopcraft lived near Hillis's "Summer Hill" as did Henry Ault. It is possible that Miss Hopcraft and Miss Kemp were stepping our with someone from the Hillis or McIlroy families. As can be seen above Robert White Jnr. and Margaret Hillis had tied the knot less than two months earlier.

Extract from my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.
GOODBYE OLD FRIENDS. (Mornington Standard 19-9-1895 page 2.) A large crowd attended the funeral of Mr Hillis, an old resident of Red Hill. Mr C.Roberts of Main Creek, another old resident, also died recently.
William Hillis (referred to by Colin McLear as "Hill" which was possibly his nickname) whose surname was often written as Hillas, had "Summer Hill" at Main Creek north of Wilsons Rd and land adjacent to Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" on the top of White Hill near the McIlroys Rd corner. (The Butcher, The Baker, The.)


As the last available rate book is that of 1919-20, I do not know whether Robert White Jnr had land on Whites Rd. However Hec Hanson says in MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN that George White was just up the hill from his uncle, Jim Wilson's "Fernlea" (probably 23A, accessed via Wilsons Rd), so George certainly did.

These are the White properties in 1919-20. Jim Wilson seems to have had 163 acres of the Hillis grants. Crown allotment 28A was directly over Main Creek Rd from Hillis's grant 23B, with Whites Rd leading to its north western corner. It consisted of 158 acres 2 roods and 7 perches and had been divided into three portions of 53 acres.Crown allotment 22B fronted the west side of Main Creek Rd from the Arthurs Seat/Main Ridge boundary to the southern boundary of the entry to No. 284 (Melway 171 K8.)

Now, do these names occur in the family tree?

Ernest V.White had a third of 28A and and 30 acres of 22B. Robert, Robert G. and Albert C.White were jointly assessed on two thirds of 28A and 160 acres and buildings 27A1. This 160 acre block was on the east side of Main Creek Rd, south of 28A and across the road from 22B.

CONCLUSIONS.
Robert White of 18 Wannaeue (between Adams Ave and Jetty Rd at Rosebud)moved to the area near Whites Rd. He was not related directly to the limeburning Whites of the 1840's, represented in 1900 by William White on 36 acres of George White's grant of over 105 acres (Melway 168 K12.)

Edward Williams of "Eastbourne" had spent some time at Canterbury (probably on S.S.Crispo's grant on the west side of Canterbury Jetty Rd ) before buying his grants straddling Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. He used this land to supply his butcher shop in Sorrento so he would have known the lime burning Whites well. It was not until just before 1900 that Edward moved to Eastbourne, by which time Robert White Jnr was near Red Hill so Edward would have not become acquainted with him in Rosebud. Therefore I believe that the Robert White, who with Edward Williams moved the old lighthouse to the Arthur's Seat summit, was Bob White of Main Ridge.

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

itellya's sporadic comeback

Due to the death of my computer and the reconstruction of this left-hander's left shoulder, my return to action depends on my right index finger and the availability of my wife's laptop. I'd like to thank my FTC well-wishers and inform them that both operations went well.
I feel guilty that so many of my journals have been started and not completed. My first task is to complete the BETHELLS OF BROADMEADOWS AND BULLA journal.

HELP!!! JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER, SQUATTER.

Alistair Rosie makes repeated references to John Pascoe Fawkner being an early squatter in the Pascoe Vale area. His "run" was supposed to have been named Belle Vue Park. He certainly owned Belle Vue Park, having purchased it in 1839 but after a total of twenty hours trying to confirm or dispel this claim, including two hours this morning, I am no closer to a solution. There is no mention of depasturing licences in Port Phillip District in 1838 on trove and the only other connection I have found between Fawkner and squatting (except for his strident opposition to squatters)will be detailed later.

This morning's search was in vain but, as usual, turned up some interesting information. A website about St Kilda explained the origins of two names associated with the former shire of Broadmeadows. The aboriginal name for the St Kilda area was Yuroe Yuroke which described grinding stones found at the base of the red sandstone cliffs. Walert-gurn was the term for possum skin rugs. These were Boon-wurrung words, this clan occupying Melbourne's coastal area to Werribee as well as the Mornington Peninsula etc. I believe that Wollert (as well as Yuroke) was a parish name. Another website described how squatters erected bells on large poles and would ring them if their stations were attacked by aborigines. The bell would alert neighbours (living 10 or more miles away) to danger and also summon help. This would probably explain the name of Bell Post Hill in Geelong.

One criticism of J.P.Fawkner was that he was a hypocrite. Although his land purchases at Pascoeville and central Coburg (Jika Jika), Box Forest (Will Will Rook), sections 7, 10 and 13 (Tullamarine) and 22C (Doutta Galla) and perhaps others, were intended to provide his beloved yoeman farmers with the opportunity to obtain freeholds, he had actually been a squatter himself before the crash of 1843. Richard Broome's "Between Two Creeks", a history of Coburg, provides the information that Fawkner's Run was called Moonjettee (or something similar; I am relying on a 20 year old recall)from which the name of Monegeetta is derived.

To my knowledge, no depasturing licences were issued for the Port Phillip District before Fawkner bought Belle Vue Park but Fawkner may have squatted there illegally. I would much appreciate it if anyone can provide evidence of squatting licences being issued before 1939 or Fawkner actually occupying land at Pascoe Vale before he bought it. Just an afterthought, Governor Bourke visited John Aitken at Mt Aitken, west of Sunbury, so perhaps licences had been issued before 1839. However as he had instructed Robert Hoddle to survey from Batman's Hill (Spencer St Station site)along the moonee moonee chain of ponds very early, to enable sale of land in Jika Jika and Doutta Galla, it is unlikely that the Governor would have approved of squatting in those parishes.

7 comment(s), latest 1 year, 5 months ago