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MORE PIONEERS OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST.

ANDERSON,Joseph, MACFARLANE, Walter.
(Continuation of the journal WALTER MACFARLANE AND JOSEPH ANDERSON OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST. which I tried unsuccessfully, a great many times, to submit three lines at a time in that journal,as a comment under it, and as a new journal.)

The site selected was Mornington Park,east of the Will Will Rook Cemetery, and fairly close to a mile from the point a bit east of the Johnstone St/Camp Rd overpass. Therefore I presume that the 11 mile post would have been at the intersection.

So now we need to measure another mile from that intersection to find a spot near Broadmeadows(Township) and adjoining Glenroy. We must go west to satisfy both clues. This takes us to 6 D7-8.The Glenroy Estate consisted of sections 1 and 6 of the parish of Will Will Rook, bounded by the line of Campbellfield road (Camp Rd),roughly the line of Morley St, Boundary Rd/RhodesPde/ Victoria St and the Moonee Ponds Creek.
South and west of the creek was Stewarton,section 5,Tullamarine, leased by Peter McCracken from 1846 until 1855, so while it was near the township and adjoined Glenroy, Wally's Strathoer couldn't have been there. Nor could it have been south of the line of Camp Rd ("Glengyle")as that was part of the Glenroy Estate, which Strathoer ADJOINED.

Therefore my best guess is that Strathoer was Glen Allan, between the township (Lyons St) and Pascoe Vale Rd, or the eastern part of the township, sold in 2 acre blocks as suburban allotments (rather than half acre blocks), which the crown would have withheld from sale until the building blocks were sold. In either case Wally was probably renting his farm until the lease ended.

You will notice that the rough location (6 D 7-8) satisfies all requirements, distance, near Broadmeadows, adjoining Glenroy and one more,a never-failing supply of water (from the Yuroke Creek.)

FROM IRENE.
Thank you again.
My head is in a double spin now! I shall read my new 'Broadmeadows' book tonight and try to catch up with your information. I have been searching for Walter Macfarlane on TROVE -it contains lots of info about him in his role as Secretary of the Agricultural Society - there is a photo of Walter in the SLV - Early Colonist montage - this montage also includes Joseph Anderson and his son Adam Anderson. There is also a photo of Walter Macfarlane in the book 'Speed the Plough' the history of the Agricultural Society but very little about Walter himself.
I have not come across the 'Grazing for horses' advertisement and shall have a look to see if I can find it for my records.
What does the single/double asterisk mean? or is this just for your records?
Submitted the last email to you before the OK to use the information I have sent you (except J. Wright, Footscray as I do not know it this J. Wright is the same J. Wright,- Adam Anderson's partner. I do not have a local history of Footscray to check - J. Wright, Footscray do claim that they are the oldest timber merchants in Melbourne)
By the way - are you related to Alexander Gibb of Meadowbank? Alexander Gibb was one of the witnesses at the wedding of Ann Anderson to Alexander Cruickshank. It seems that Melbourne was full of builders, timber and associated yards in early Melbourne. They would have needed them when you look at the pace of buildings going up from Batman's bare paddock. Not a gold rush but a builders rush!

TO IRENE.(22 HRS. AGO.)
The asterisks indicated the source for each known fact.

I should warn you about Andrew Lemon's incorrect claim that James Robertson of Gowrie Park (south of Alexander Gibb's Meadowbank at Campbellfield) was a Keilor farmer.
James Robertson married a Coupar girl, as did Alexander's blacksmithing brother, James Gibb. (Google "the four James Robertsons, itellya".)
I am not related to Alexander Gibb or his son Alexander Coupar Gibb.

I will not write anything more about MacFarlane/ Anderson etc in my Broady Shire Farms journal but I have mentioned (in today's comment under it) that your journal is on the way.

Do you know how to find the ACCOMMODATION PADDOCK advertisement on trove searching by date? Ring me on (DELETED) if you have trouble and I'll talk you through it. (I hope I had the date and page number.)

FROM IRENE.
Please do write about the Macfarlane/Anderson family. I have never written anything but thought that you had to enter a journal in FTC.
As I said, I have been researching the Carron Timber yard - to understand our Anderson family better - thought that after spending so much time searching it but do not know how long it will take me to do so, and I might as well write all the information down - a first little project for me. So please do continue with your great work. I am truly delighted to see how you research and gather historical information, so informative.

Looked up the map to see where Strathoer was situated - I assume end of Fawkner Street would be by the Moonee Ponds Creek rather than Mickeham Road end therefore address as Moonee Ponds. I have had no success in finding the ACCOMODATION PADDOCK advertisement - nothing comes up re Strathoer in TROVE other than the death notices that you have. I must not be entering the right keyword.
Also, I would like to contact family member Cairns, but do not know how to do so, if its OK can you send me email address or point me in the right direction. I have only found FTC just recently so am slowly reading the journals - so many of them - so much wonderful information - such a wonderful site!!!!!!

TO IRENE. TWO HOURS AGO. Sending Cameron's email address.

ONE HOUR AGO. Before looking for the ACCOMMODATION PADDOCK advertisement , I did a google search for walter Macfarlane, glenroy, broadmeadows and found this near the top of the 5th column on page 6 of the Argus of 28-11-1857. You will notice that STRATHOER is written as STRATHMORE.

One-year colt
John Williamson, Rose Hill; Sire, Neil Black's Im-
ported horse, West-horn-1st prize, gold medal.
Walter Macfarlane, Strathmore (sic); 2nd prize, silver
medal.
Dr Wilson, Summer Hill; 3rd prize, silver medal.

I entered "walter macfarlane, 1852 " on trove and got the advertisement as the second result. You will see that what I write is only a small part of my task. I might open 30 or so possible results in a night, given a summary such as the one below, spend 10 minutes or more finding the mention, which is useless, or up to half an hour correcting digitised text.

Here's the text correction.
ACCOMMODATION FOR HORSES.
Strathore (sic) Grazing Paddock, adjoining Glenroy.
One of the best grazed Paddocks in the dis-
trict, securely fenced, and a never-failing
supply of water. Distance from Melbourne 12
miles. Will be re-opened for a limited number
of Horses only on Thursday, the 21st instant,
therefore early application is necessary.
TERMS- 5s. per head per week.
All Horses to be paid for on delivery, and
none delivered on Sundays.
.Every care taken, but no responsibility.
Any horses left haltered at Kirk's Bazaar,
on Thursday's, before one o'clock, will be for
warded to the Paddock, free of expense.
12377 WALTER MACFARLANE.


Here's the summary.
Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 28 October 1852 p 7 Advertising
... rpHE undersigned is a purchaser ot Gold to X any amount, thu hit'lit-st price given, C. MACFARLANE, ... liurMJayV, before one o'clock, will be foi* warded lo the Paddock, fr*o of expense. 12377 s WALTER MACFARLANE.NEWLANDS. ' 1 Graz'tig Padduok. " VIEWLANDS, odj itiing tho Tonttidge Vil l\ Inge ... 7207 words

AN AFTERTHOUGHT.(After email sent.)
Was Wally leasing part of Alexander Gibb's "Meadowbank" or James Robertson's Gowrie Park, both of which, and J.P.Fawkner's Box Forest, adjoined the eastern boundary of the Glenroy estate?



BENNETT. See WRIGHT.(check DHOTAMA)

PATERSON.
DEATHS. PATERSON.On the 27th ult., at Chalmers' Academy,Euroke, Mr. David Paterson, teacher, late of Trooa, Ayrshire, aged 32. (P.4,Argus,17-3-1860.)

WRIGHT.
WRIGHT-BENNETT [Golden Wedding].-On the 5th August, 1874, at the Presbyterian Manse, Essendon, by the Rev. W. Fraser, Thomas, eldest son of late John and Ann Wright, Tullamarine, to Elizabeth, second daughter of late
William and Elizabeth Bennett, of Euroke (colonists). (Present address, North Pole road, Keilor.)
(P.11, Argus, 9-8-1924.)
North Pole Rd was the original name for Milleara Rd. John Wright was probably a brother of Wallis Wright of Sunnyside in Tullamarine. Google VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD, TARDIS for an archealogical survey of Charles Nash's
Fairview and Wallis Wright's Sunnyside,the latter fronting Wright St.

2 comment(s), latest 2 months, 2 weeks ago

A CORRECTION, JOHNSTON/JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE, RE BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST.

I suffer from local history dreams, usually at about dawn. There's a saying that you shouldn't believe everything you read, and that's exactly what I'm doing in my dreams, courtesy of the National Library of Australia. This morning's was a corker and related to a letter that I read on trove recently (while I was actually awake but should have been asleep.) McIntosh of Glenroy complained about his neighbour, George Gordon Cameron, his neighbour on the Glenroy Estate, spreading lies about (a)JOHNSTON becoming a papist and (b)the writer taking a drayload of his servants to the polling place at Pentridge after providing fraudulent property qualifications so they could be enrolled as voters.

In the dream Johnston stated that yes,he had a T in his name; it was not Johnson like that English fellow down at Greenvale. The dream was a wake-up call to do something about an assumption I had made in the 1990's while in correspondence with a member of the Johnson family of Greenvale (between Swain St and Providence Lane), Glendewar, Cumberland and Spring Park in Keilor Rd (Eastern half of the A.J.Davis Reserve and including Grange Rd/El Reno Crescent.) There are two books about the Johnson family at the historic Woodlands homestead,one title being forgotten* and the other SEEDS OF TIME.
(*P.S.ALWAYS A LADY. The author of both books was Keith Brown. My note on P.413 of THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.)

At the time I had assumed that the owner of Greenhill was the owner of the land on Machell's early subdivision north of Swain St that was later owned by Harry Swain. I thought the T in his name was a spelling mistake. Such mistakes were common. The name of McIntosh (above) was written three different ways by a correspondent whose article (which shows him and Cameron as neighbours) forms the basis of my journal WOW, FARMERS IN THE NORTH WEST. Dallemore, an insolvent stockholder of Bulla Bulla in 1856, was actually Dallimore. The street that formed part of the Young Queen Inn route to Sydney from today's Pascoe Vale Rd to Ardlie St was written on the Broadmeadows Township map (of 1855?) as JohnstonE Street* although it was probably named after John JohnsTon of Green Hill.
(*It may possibly have been named after Alexander Johnstone, a J.P. who overstepped his authority in
about 1849, or James Stewart Johnston,politician and alderman of Melbourne who co-owned the Argus with Edward Wilson and established the Craig Lee vineyard near Sunbury.)

Excuses may provide justification of errors but errors must be corrected. My dream was telling me to confirm or refute my assumption that John Johnson and John Johnston were the same person!

BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon,pages 45-8.
"We have noted that the inaugural meeting (of the Broadmeadows Road Board)was held at the Free Church School, the Chalmers' Institution" at Yuroke on 15 March 1858."
"John Johnston had a farm of about 100 acres, "Greenhill" at the northern end of Yuroke. He was a Road Board representative only until 1863 but remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70."
"We know the ages of only some of these men in 1858-Shankland and Stevenson were thirty eight and thirty nine respectively, (John)Cameron forty three and Johnston fifty one."

JOHNSTON On the 12th inst., at his residence, Greenhill, Euroke, Mr. John Johnston, aged 70 years.
(P.1, Argus,13-6-1877.)

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN JOHNSTON are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Bulla Cemetery. The funeral will leave his late residence, Greenhill, Euroke, to-morrow (Thursday), at 1 o'clock p.m.precisely.

BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.
1042 JOHNSTON John 70Y 00/00/1810 12/06/1877 14/06/1877 Presb. 3 31 Son of John Johnston & Jane Henderson. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1043 JOHNSTON (nee HENDERSON) Jane 60Y 00/00/1810 27/06/1871 29/06/1871 Presb. 3 31 Daughter of John Henderson & Jane Wallace Miller. Born in MIDL'.

CHALMER'S Academy, Euroke.-This academy was examined by a committee of the Free Church Presbytery of Melbourne on Tuesday, the 11th instant, in presence of a large assembly of parents and others interested in the welfare of the institution. The examination of the pupils embraced the various departments of English, Biblical know-
ledge, grammar, geography, history (ancient and modern), chronology, with mental and written arithmetic.

Throughout the large and commodious school-hall numerous specimens of plain and ornamental penmanship and map-drawing were displayed, many of "which reflected the highest credit, alike upon teacher and scholar; while the chairman's table, which really seemed to groan beneath its precious burden of prizes, was happily relieved by the lighter exhibition of numerous pieces of plain and fancy needlework. Among the specimens of work thus exposed, we were particularly gratified by the following, as evidencing the advanced progress of the youth
attending this seminary, viz. : specimens of ornamental penmanship, by Master Hugh C.Johnston ; do., Master Ewen M. Stewart ; map of Italy, by Master Henry Cooper ; do. United States, by Master James Macpherson ; do. Palestine, by Master James Hearn ; pieces of crochet work, by Miss Susanna Johnston.(P.5, Argus,20-12-1855.)

JOHNSON. (BULLA CEMETERY REGISTER.)
1037 JOHNSON James Alexander 39Y 28/06/1874 28/09/1913 30/09/1913 C of E 9 15 Third son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in 'Glendewar', Tullamarine, Victoria, Australia.
1038 JOHNSON John 81Y 24/09/1866 14/03/1948 16/03/1948 C of E 9 17 Son of William Johnson & Wilhelmina Robertson. Died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1039 JOHNSON William 60Y 16/04/1904 17/06/1964 00/06/1964 Presb. 8 5 Son of John Lewis Johnson & Lillian Gertrude Perry. Died in Essendon, Victoria, Australia.
1040 JOHNSON (nee HICKOX) Blanche Georgina Toogood 78Y 00/00/1873 12/07/1951 13/07/1951 C of E 9 17 Daughter of Frederick Phillipson Hickox & Anne Maria Cox. Born in Clunes, died in Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.
1041 JOHNSON (nee HIND) Olive May 72Y 18/04/1913 20/02/2006 00/02/2006 Presb. 8 5 Daughter of Ernest Edward Hind & Annie Tippins. Born in Stawell, Victoria, Australia.

The Mansfield family of Tullamarine was related to the Johnsons of Glendewar and Cumberland. Neil Mansfield's THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY has genealogical information and photos of the family from page 401. A photo of Lilian Minnie Hickox in front of the beautiful Cumberland homestead is on page 445. Neil did not give much past genealogy of the Johnsons but Keith Brown certainly did in the two books available for perusal at the Woodlands Homestead; there are photos of the Spring Park mansion in one of them.

EUREKA! PIONEERS OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUSTRALIA AND PETER MCCRACKEN'S TRAGEDY.

DIED,
Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant,William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton. (P.4, Argus, 20-10-1852.)

It was nearly twenty five years ago that I discovered in Broadmeadows' rate records that my great grandfather, John Cock, started leasing Stewarton in about 1892 and that in the next year or two the name of the farm changed to Gladstone. Stewarton was section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine and consisted of 785 acres according to the parish map which records George Russell as the grantee. The oldest available ratebook was that of 1863 and Maconochie was assessed on 777 acres. This shows that Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd)had been made along the 8000 link frontage between the Lackenheath Drive and Forman St corners and was one chain wide,exactly accounting for the loss of 8 acres from the property.

It was a few months before my discovery about the name change that I read A.D.Pyke's THE GOLD THE BLUE,a history of the Lowther Hall school in Leslie St. in Essendon. Ealsbrae, the historic house in which the school started was built by Peter McCracken's son, Coiler (named after Peter's father in law, Coiler Robertson of La Rose.) Mr Pyke,a teacher at the school, mentioned that Peter had a farm in Moonee Ponds called Stewarton. I racked my brain for ages trying to work out where in the parish of Doutta Galla it might have been. So you can imagine my Eureka moment when I discovered that my great grandfather's farm,bounded on the east and partly on the north by THE MOONEE PONDS (named after an aborigine,which I discovered only days ago)had been Peter McCracken's farm.

Coiler McCracken had married Margaret, daughter of James Robertson. Peter's brother-in-law was James Robertson, (son of Coiler of La Rose) who had arrived as a 17 year old brewer and may have been partly responsible for the success of the McCracken brewery. Another James Robertson owned Gowrie Park at Campbellfield (north of today's Hadfield.) This was getting ridiculous!

My second (very long) eureka moment was provided by Deidre Farfor of Malvern. I think Deidre was referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society's Jim Hume but any help I managed to give her was a drop in the bucket to the help that Deidre provided to me. Genealogical details about the Gibbs and Robertsons of Campbellfield (and the Coupar link), about the family of Peter McCracken's wife (La Rose/ Trinfour),and Deidre's own Robertson family (Upper Keilor/Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie.) But most of all, countless pages of photocopies of THE MCCRACKEN LETTERS.

There were three McCracken brothers, Robert (on whose Ailsa paddock,on the north side of Kent St,Ascot Vale,the Essendon Football Club played its first seasons), Peter,and Alexander Earle McCracken,who leased William Hoffman's Butzbach (east of Hoffmans Rd and halfway to Lincoln Rd) for most of the 1850's and was at the forefront of what became the Royal Agricultural Society until his wife's ill health forced a return home.

Many of the letters were to Alexander Earle McCracken and sent from Peter's Ardmillan in the SUBURB of Moonee Ponds. However there were earlier letters, about the sorrow caused by the drowning of young William (and how the infant had walked part of the way to the school in Broadmeadows Township with his older siblings),Peter quitting Stewarton in 1855 (after nine years there) because Neil Black (the real grantee)had not got back to Peter about extending the lease,and the dairy at Kensington being unprofitable.

I recently made a comment about itellya actually being a team and Deidre was one of my first team mates!

When I was writing the McCracken entry in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS over two years ago, I had been reminded about the drowning when I discovered that Peter Young of Nairn in Bulla had taken the chair in 1852 at a meeting (to honour David Duncan, grantee of the central,major part of Melbourne Airport) because of a domestic tragedy in Peter McCracken's family. I don't know how but I actually found the death notice that starts this journal. As my aim that night (morning!) was to finish the Young entry, I filed it in my memory bank for the next day. I did not find the notice. In the last week,I tried again, once more without success.

Tonight, while half-watching TV, I decided I'd check family notices of the 1850's re Broadmeadows to make sure I hadn't forgotten any township pioneers. I saw this.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 20 October 1852 p 4 Family Notices
... MARRIED. At Melbourne, Port Phillip, by special license, on the 16th instant, by the Rev Irving Hetherington, minister of the Scots' Church, Agnes Bell to Mal- Mal colm Troubridge. DIED, Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant, William, aged 3 years and 3 months, ... 63 words
EUREKA!

Why had McCracken, Stewarton and McCracken, Broadmeadows produced absolutely no results? ANSWER. M'Cracken! Using this spelling of the name, the contents of the letters can be confirmed on trove and correct my faulty recollection of the time of the haystack stack fire on the dairy at Kensington; the fire had occurred after Peter's move to Ardmillan. James Hyslop (Victoria and its Metropolis biography) may have been looking after the dairy at the time.

CRIMINAL SITTINGS. TUESDAY, APRIL 15. (Before his Honour the Chief Justice.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 April 1862 p 6 Article
...wis was found " Guilty" of having set fire to a haystack, the property of Mr. Peter M'Cracken, at Kensington, on the 9th March. The facts of the case were fully reported recently in our columns, in connexion with the burning of a wooden bridge across the Essendon Railway, near Kensington station.

PORT PHILLIP FARMERS' SOCIETY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 26 June 1857 p 5 Article
...RES OF CULTIVATED LAND. We award the prize in this class to Mr. Peter M'Cracken, for his farm of Kensington, Mains, containing about 130 acres. We found this farm very well and regularly ploughed,

Poor Peter had no more luck with his fourth son.
On the 15th instant, of croup, John, aged two years and seven months, fourth son of Peter M'Cracken, of
Ardmillan, near Essendon.(P.4, Argus, 16-4-1860.)

I wondered about the location of Peter's dairy at Kensington and this curiosity led to my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA. I had supposed that it would have been near McCracken St but it was actually bounded by Footscray Rd,the road to Raleigh's Punt, the private Essendon Railway to the south east end of Bellair St and Swamp road (known today as Kensington Rd,Macaulay Rd, Bellair St and Dynon Rd.)Peter's lease would have ended soon after the haystack fire and as he had no desire to renew it, the Cox family started its 20 year lease from J.R.Murphy of the former dairy and the rest of the Kensington Park estate extending to Lloyd St.

(Extract from SECTION 2.)
ALLOTMENTS 17, 18, 19. (McCRACKENS DAIRY, THE RACECOURSE.)
This land, bounded by Macaulay Rd, Dynon Rd, and the lines of Lloyd St and Hampden Rd, was granted to John Robert Murphy at about the time he was granted a 2 acre block at the south east corner of Stubbs and Parsons St in 1949.
Allotment 17 was leased by Anah Lewis for 14 years. Allotments 18 and 19 were leased to A.E.Brodribb for 14 years but it is known that by 1855 the 132 acres comprised all or part of McCrackens dairy. (McCracken may have been leasing the crown land west of Rankins Rd too.)
In 1855, Peter McCracken quit his lease on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) and lived on the dairy while his mansion was built on Ardmillan in Moonee Ponds. In 1861 a fire burnt all the haystacks and by the end of 1862, Peter was thinking of giving up the dairy because the grass was poor and it was costing more for hay than the milk was worth. Soon after, James Hyslop, who had worked for Peter since 1858, was out of a job (P.233 Victoria and Its Metropolis).
When Anahs lease finished, and McCracken quit his dairy, the whole 198 acres was leased by cattle salesman Samuel Cox. He probably fattened cattle and sheep on it. Pigs might have been kept there too by pork butcher, William Samuel Cox. Three years later, in 1867, W.S.Cox took over the lease, and in 1872, he extended it for five years with an option of another five years. In 1871, hed moved from Abbotsford St to Kensington Park. The KENSINGTON PARK RACECOURSE commenced operation in 1874. The racecourse was situated partly on E.B.Wights portion of allotment 20 as shown by the map on the next page. When it closed at the end of 1882, Cox took out a lease on, and then bought, Feehans farm (now called Moonee Valley Racecourse).

(Maps can be emailed to M'Cracken and Cox researchers. Send me a private message.)

AFTER THAT LENGTHY DIVERSION,BACK TO BROADMEADOWS!

While I was looking for William's death notice, I noticed other area pioneers such as poor McFarlane and decided to write a journal about non-township residents.

1850's.

BRYANT. (Possibly Bryan.)
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED. Isaac Bryant, 44 pounds for eradicating thistles at Broadmeadows. (P.5,Argus,19-12-1857.)

CROWE.
John Crowe died fairly early in the district's history and although Mt Yuroke (like Mt Gellibrand) was downgraded from a mountain to a mere hill, the locals honoured his memory by calling it Crowe's Hill and this became the name of a farm on the hill. Rate collectors, obviously thinking the hill was named for big glossy black birds that made rude Graham Kennedy-like calls, invented their own version,Crow's Hill.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 19 January 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... Funeral Notices. THE Friends of the late JOHN CROWE, Esq., are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, this day, Monday, the 19th instant. The Funeral procession to move from his late residence, Mount Yuroke, at ten, passing Broadmeadows etc.

GAGE.
Richard Gage of Broadmeadows was granted a carrier's licence. (P.6, Argus,26-5-1859.) See my journal SOME FARMS IN BROADMEADOWS SHIRE etc.
James and Daniel Milne of Broadmeadows were also granted carrier's licences. Was Darren Milne,a pupil at Tullamarine in the 1970's, descended from one of these pioneers?

GILL.
"Greenvale" has always been associated with John McKerchar who is discussed extensively in Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and GREENVALE :LINKS WITH THE PAST by Annette Davis. It was crown allotment Q of section 10,consisting of 328 acres on the north side of today's Somerton Rd,which was 748 metres west of Mickleham Rd and extended 810 metres farther west and 1.62 kilometres to the north.The property between Greenvale and Mickleham Rd,crown allotment 9P, was called Greenan and was associated with John McKerchar's brother,Donald. John and Donald McKerchar were co-grantees of both 10Q and 9P but there is no date on the parish map.(google "Yuroke,county of Bourke.)

Edwin Gill's property was most likely 10Q. Trove seems to be useless in determining when John McKerchar settled on Greenvale,so let's consult DHOTAMA. My suspicion is that John and Donald McKerchar had received their grants
by 1854 when Edwin and Greenvale were first mentioned in tandem and were jointly developing Greenan while leasing Greenvale to Edwin.

DHOTAMA, page Mc.55.
McKERCHAR, John, Broadmeadows, is a native of Perthshire, Scotland,who landed in Melbourne in January, 1840. He acted as a shepherd at Moorabool and on the Wimmera for seven years with Austin, McPherson and Taylor and was afterwards for 15 months with Dr. Drummond on the Merri Creek. Then in partnership with his brother,he opened the Crown Hotel on the corner of Queen and Lonsdale Streets,Melbourne; and conducted it for three years at the end of which time he purchased land and settled in his present home of 365* acres at Broadmeadows ...etc.

(Jan. 1840 + 7 years +15 months+ 3 years=Jan. 1851+ 3 months=April 1851 if the above description is correct.)
This would allow three years for John to erect a Greenvale homestead before Edward occupied it. Was Edwin just a lessee or perhaps a relative of the McKerchars? Was Edwin related to Dr.W.R.Gill?
*Broadmeadows rate records show that Greenvale consisted of 328 acres (10Q exactly) in 1879-80 and 300 acres in 1900 and when Alex. Millar,who renamed it "The Elms",was leasing it in 1920.


DIED.
On Sunday morning, 27th inst., in Melbourne, at the residence of D. R. Long, Esq., Arthur Edwin, the only
and beloved child of Edwin Gill, Esq., of Green Vale, near Broadmeadows, and late of Richmond.
( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 29 August 1854 p 4 Family Notices.)

EAST BOURKE.A meeting was held at the Broadmeadows Hotel, Broadmeadows, on Wednesday evening, Donald Kennedy, Esq., was unanimously voted into the chair, and briefly introduced Mr. Cooper to a numerous assemblage. The candidate went into the leading subjects now occupying public attention, and at the close of his address answered satisfactorily numerous questions touching the impolicy of devoting large sums of money for railways, until the roads of the colony were rendered passable; reserved to himself the right to form his own judgment
on the expediency of appointing a minister for agriculture as a separate department of Government; was in favor of local road boards.

Numerous other questions being disposed of, Edwin Gill, Esq., moved, and Donald M'Kerchar, Esq., seconded, a motion to the effect, "That Mr, Cooper is a fit and proper person to represent East Bourke in the Legislative Assembly," which was carried unanimously. A vote of thanks, passed by acclamation to the chairman terminated the meeting. (P.5, Argus, 30-8-1856.)
...........................................................
Dr.Patterson of Flemington claimed that Dr. Gill was responsible for the death of a woman and despite Dr Barker
(who was perhaps the most prominent doctor in early Melbourne and a pioneer at Cape Schanck, who fought with Maurice Meyrick of Boniyong (Boneo)in Victoria's second duel)vindicating Gill in the post-mortem report, Chandler suggested that a charge of manslaughter might be in order. Dr. Gill's complaint against Chandler gives an indication of how distance, circumstances and the inability to be in two places at once might lead to charges being laid against the most dedicated and skilled medical practitioner.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 5 January 1859 p 5 Article
INQUEST.-Yesterday, Dr. Candler held an inquest, at Broadmeadows, ... desired olfeot, was repeated on Monday. She still continued ill, and on tho 80th December Dr. Gill, of Broadmeadows, was sent for. He came and prescribed for her.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 13 January 1859 p 6 Article
... CORONERS AND THEIR PROPER FUNCTIONS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS. GILL, beg to lay before you as ... obedient servant. W. R. GILL, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Licentiate of the Victorian Medical Board. Broadmeadows, January 9.

GRANT.
MARRIED.
At St. Kilda, by the Rev. Wm. Miller, Thomas Fairbairn, Farmer, Pentland Hills, third son of Andrew Fairbairn, Primside, Roxburgshire, Scotland, to Margaret Grant, second daughter of Lachlaine Grant, Broadmeadows.
(P. , Argus, 31-10-1856.)

HACKETT.
The western boundary of Broadmeadows Township was named Hackett St. It was never made because traffic using Tullamarine's Lady of the Lake as a landmark would travel to the north west boundary of Stewarton, turn right (Forman St), and immediately veer left into Turner St taking them to Ardlie St where the 1854 timber bridge connected to the portion of the street in the parish of Will Will Rook. Near the Broadmeadows Hotel they would join travellers using the original route to Sydney (passing Pascoeville's Young Queen Inn) for the "steep pinch" up the Ardlie St hill to where it met Mickleham Rd.

From 1869, those approaching the township from the parish of Tullamarine had a new stone bridge accessed via
Fawkner St and after crossing the creek,they would turn left to climb the Ardlie St hill. From shortly after W.W.1. they would turn left at THE WAR MEMORIAL. This and the lamp lit by young Jack Hoctor were in the middle of the road. As motorised traffic became more powerful, the memorial was a hazard and caused congestion so it was moved by Major Murphy of Tullamarine to the town's old windmill site where it stands today.

Eventually, after a century,with Hughie Williamson's old Dunvegan being developed as the heart of the new Greenvale (the new school retaining the number of the former school at the north end of Section Rd, i.e. 890)and traffic increasing dramatically, Hackett St was made and with Broadmeadows Rd (from Tullamarine Junction) was renamed as Mickleham Rd.
(Sources: the late Jack Hoctor and Harry Heaps; George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952;
Township of Broadmeadows, Parish of Will-WIll-Rook, County ... - Slv
digital.slv.vic.gov.au/dtl_publish/simpleimages/32/1154185.html‎)

Hackett St was named after the presiding magistrate of the District Court. See STABBING AT BROADMEADOWS,
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 16 November 1855 p 5 Article.

The original route to Mickleham Rd through the township and bypassing the unmade Hackett St can be seen in the Keymap of the first edition of Melway.
www.http://melwayed1.melway.com.au/mwyedn1.htm


HENDRY.
On the 26th inst., at Lonsdale-street Congregational Church, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, Mr. Alexander Prain, of Campbellfield, to Miss Mary Hendry, of Broadmeadows. (P.4,Argus,28-3-1857.)

(John?) Hendry was the post master at Tullamarine in 1864 but the rate collector did not seem to know this until 1867. Because assessments were listed geographically,it is highly probable that the post office was on or near the site of the present 711 service station (formerly Mobil.)

Some Hendry boys later appeared in court for misbehaviour at the local pub. (I can't remember if it was the Beech Tree or the Junction,the latter on the 711 site.)Here it is.
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 5 October 1883 p 3 Article
... and Filson, J's.P.) Alexander Hendry, James Hendry Joseph Jackson were charged with using obscene language on the 30th September at Tullamarine. RIichard Glazer, licensee of the Bench Tree Hotel and Richard Craven of the Junction Hotel stated the prisoners canme to their respective houses at one ..

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 4 July 1855 p 4 Family Notices
... special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis*, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry, youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth, Scotland. ... 94 words

THE GENERAL ELECTION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 23 April 1864 p 6 Article
... Gap - James Baring, the Gap. Tullamarine - James Hendry, postmaster. Tullamarine. Wyndham - Thom ... 459 words

*Thomas Purvis bought lots 14, 27 and 28 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate (Melway 5,partsF-G 8) with frontages to the west side of Wright's/Heaps' Lane (today's Springbank St) and the now-closed continuation of Derby St. Thomas also bought about 10 acres* of today's Trade Park Industrial Estate (Melway 5 parts F-G8), very close to the Hendry residence,which would explain how James met Christina. (*Volume 30 folio 772.)



HENESSY.
Michael Paul Henessy, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows. Granted. (P.6, Argus, 16-4-1856.) Hennessy didn't last long. PUBLICANS' TRANSFERS. Michael Paul Hennessy, Victoria Hotel,Broadmeadows, to John Bryant : granted.
(P.6, Argus, 5-12-1856.) Bryan(t)may have pulled a swifty because he had twice been refused a licence for his Tanners/Farmers Arms.

KING.
Philip Ryan, for an aggravated assault on Police Constable King, at Broadmeadows, was sentenced to one month's imprisonment with hard labor.(P.4,Argus,28-1-1858.)

Andrew Lemon's prologue to his BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, set in 1857, involves a severe falling out between Constable King and his superior,Senior Constable McCarthy. Dr Weston,attending the latter's sick child, witnessed King's "You be damned and go to hell.You know as much about a horse as I do.Go and clean him yourself!"

McCARTHY. See KING.

McCONOCHIE.
On the 15th inst., at her brother's residence, Stewarton, Broadmeadows, Margaret, daughter of the late
Alexander McConochie, farmer, Buteshire, Scotland, aged 30 years.(P.5, Argus, 16-9-1858.)
Peter McCracken was on Stewarton from 1846 to 1855 and it is likely that John McConochie, who was assessed (as Maconochie) in the oldest available ratebook (of 1863) was the next tenant.

McFARLANE.
Death and funeral notices for the six year old son and 21 year old daughter are the only results for the family or the property, Strathoer. Can you find two reasons that the following letter was not one of the results?
THE CENSUS.
To the Editor of the Argus,
Sir,-I think it my duty to inform the public, through the medium of your journal, that no census-paper has ever been left with me or my adjoining neighbour, and I have no doubt that many are in the same position.
I am, dear Sir, yours, etc.,JUSTICE. - Strathore, near Broadmeadows, 4th May, 1857. (P.5, Argus, 5-5-1857.)

THE Friends of Mr. WALTER MACFARLANE, of Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, are respectfully invited to Follow
the Remains of his late Daughter to the place of interment in the New Cemetery. The funeral to move from Bignell's Family Hotel, Cardigan-street, North Melbourne, this day, Monday, the 29th inst., at eleven o'clock.
JOHN SLEIGHT, undertaker, 71 Collins-street east ._126 (P.8,Argus, 29-9-1856.)

DIED.
On the 17th inst., at St. Kilda, of congestion of the brain, Dugald, eldest son of Walter Macfarlane, of
Strathoer, near Broadmeadows, aged six years and one month.(P.4, Argus,18-10-1856.)

Although Strathoer ,being described as "near Broadmeadows" was most likely a farm, a member of the clan (with scribbly initials)received the grant for a crown allotment at the top of Fawkner St. (See township map.)

MACKINTOSH.
NEW INSOLVENTS.
William Mackintosh, of Broadmeadows, clerk. Cause of insolvency-The pressure of a creditor who has caused the insolvent to be arrested. Liabilities, 122 ; assets, 6 ; deficiency, 117. Mr. Laing, Official Assignee.
(P.6, Argus, 29-10-1859.)

MILNE. See GAGE.

MITCHELL.
William Mitchell, charged with fighting at Broadmeadows, was fined 10s., and 10S. costs.
(P.1s,Argus, 25-11-1858.) William was probably related to Peter Mitchell who received grants for many blocks in roadmeadows Township. See my journal SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS etc.

PRAIN. See HENDRY.

PURVIS. See HENDRY.

SHANKLAND.
STONEMASONS.-TENDERS WANTED, for BUILDING a stone OUT-HOUSE, Apply Robert Shankland, Euroke, Broadmeadows.
(P.7,Argus, 8-10-1859.)

Yuroke was often rendered as Euroke. Robert's farm, Waltham,will be discussed in my journal, SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS. I don't think it was a stone dunny! Robert's 1888 biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS claimed that in 1852 he built the original portion of Dean's Hotel at Moonee Ponds (today's Moonee Ponds Tavern on the south corner of Dean St near the racecourse.) My EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA
(not a journal)contains title information about his purchase of the hotel's site.

THORPE.
BRILLIANT.
THIS powerful cart stallion will stand the season at Mr. Samuel Thorpe's farm, near Broadmeadows, on the Moonee Ponds, ten miles from Melbourne. This horse gained the prize at the Midland Agricultural show in Van Diemen's Land, as the best stallion in the Island. Brilliant was got by that celebrated imported horse Lincoln, out of an imported Lincolnshire mare, is now rising five years old, and allowed to be the best cart horse ever imported to this colony.(P.1, Argus, 6-11-1850.)


FRIDAY, 8th FEBRUARY.
To Farmers, Stockbreeders, Carriers, and Others. Important Sale of Stock and Farm Produce.
LILBURNE, ANSLOW, and Co. will sell by auction, in consequence of the expiration of the Lease, on the farm of Samuel Thorpe, Esq., at Broadmeadows, formerly known as M'Nall's farm, ten miles from town, on Friday, 8th February, at twelve o'clock sharp,
All the produce, consisting of 3 stacks hay, horses, cattle, poultry, implements, &c, as under :
200 tons hay, in 3 stacks 100 bushels wheat 100 do barley 1 entire draught horse by Blythe, warranted 9 first-class draught horses 15 well-bred milch cows 8 young cattle 1 winnowing machine Ploughs Harrows Carts Bullock-dray Roller, together with the whole of his farming implements, not enumerated. (P.2, Argus,31-1-1856.)

I have found no mention of McCall prior to 1850 but 10 miles is a clue to the location of Thorpe's farm. Due to the yield of hay, I would presume that the farm was part of the Glenroy Estate. Samuel might also have been leasing part of Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate. (See the Camieston Estate journal re its location.)

WESTON.
J.Weston Esq. had been appointed public vaccinator for Broadmeadows.(P.4,Argus,31-10-1857.) See KING.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 1.
MCPHAIL, ROBERTSON, YOUNG,COGHILL,OSWALD, RIDDELL,HAMILTON,DUNCAN,WILLIAMSON,SLOAN, CROWE, ANNAND,MCDONALD, MCVEA.

PIONEERS IN COMMENT 2.
BRYAN,CAMERON,DICK,KILBURN, MCPHEE, COUSER,MCCRACKEN,BELLAIR,MCPHAIL,TAYLOR.

3 comment(s), latest 5 months, 2 weeks ago

WILLIAM MUNSIE AND ALFRED DEAKIN, THE (CO-) FATHER OF FEDERATION, VIC., AUST. (and his West Bourke fans.)

Should I include William Munsie in my Bulla or Broadmeadows journal? He was a pioneer of the north east side of Deep Creek road, having bought 28 acres 26 perches from John Carre Riddell in 1861; this land in the north east corner of section 7,Tullamarine, was transferred by the grantee,J.P.Fawkner,to Riddell as part of the exchange in which Fawkner became owner of the part of Riddell's section 6 cut off by the road. Being east of Victoria St (now indicated by the northern end of today's Mercer Drive) this was part of Bulla for about a century before becoming part of the Broadmeadows municipality.

Sir Henry Parkes and Alfred Deakin probably deserve equal recognition as the Father of Federation just as Ron Barrassi and Ted Whitten both carried the mantle of Mr Football. One of Fawkner's most ungenerous deeds was his attempt to deprive John Batman acknowledgement of being at least co-founder of Melbourne.

William Munsie didn't make it into the newspapers very often. The following 1887 article is a corker because it mentions many prominent citizens in the far-flung West Bourke electorate. Alfred Deakin had a connection with Tullamarine other than as a parliamentarian. His wife, Pattie (nee Browne), spent her early childhood on Camp Hill (now Gowanbrae)at about the same time that William Munsie settled in Tullamarine.

I'm not sure whether William Munsie's biography even made it into VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS but he is certainly mentioned in Fred Wright's 1888 biography. Let's check DHOTAMA. See COMMENT 1.



The digitisation of the following could not be corrected on trove because the FIX THIS TEXT box could not be seen. I will save it as is,in case the oh noes gremlins are lurking,and fix it later.
RETURN OF MR. DEAKIN. OVERLAND DEMONSTRATIONS.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 25 June 1887 p 2 Article.
EXTRACT ONLY.

The following is a copy of the address:
To the Honourable Alfred Doakin, Barrister-at-.
Law, M.L A., Chief Secretiry ?od., Minister
of Water Supply of the Coloay of Victoria.
Dear Sir,-On behalf of your constituents in the
electorate of West Bourke, of which you are one of
the Parliamentary representatives, we have much.
pleasurein cordially welcoming you on returning to
your native land.
The lmperial Conference recently held in the
capital of the Empire, and of which body you wereo
oneof thedelegates representing the colony of Vic:
toria, will always live in history as the beginningof
a series of similar conferences which will most pro
bably achieve the federation of the Empire in a
manner entirely in consonance with the constitu
tional met hodsof the mother country, and yet leave
thecomponent self-governing cm munities owning_
allegianceto the British throne completelyin poss
ession of their present privileges and rights.
We rejoice to know that you took a very worthy
part in that conference, more especially in respect
to maintaining the inherent tight of Australasian
colonists to enjoy a paramount influence for. all,
time to come in the Southern Pacific and adjacent
territories. .
We have heard with gratification that Her Ma
jesty's advisers recommended that you shouldl be
offered a Knight Companionslip of the Order of St.
Michael nod St. George, wlhich distinction; however,
you wisely, in our opinion, declined to acceptat the
present stage of your career. .
We have also noticed with satisfaction your?
efforts to promote the success i-f theCentenuial
International Exhibition to be held in Melbourne
in 1888, and we feel assured that your visit -to
Europe, and interchange of ideas and courtesies
with most of the leading statesmen of the present
day cannot but be of mutual advantage to them
and the people they represent and to yourself and
the people of Victoria, in whose service as a legis
lator we trust you may for many years remain.
Wishing you, with Mrs. Deakin and family, long
life and happiness, we beg to subscribe ourselves
your admirers and well wishers.
MARK KYLE, Bacchus Marsh, chairman and
Hon. Secretary.
BAcclus MARsn.- Thos. Anderson, J. E. Crook,
Thos. Cain, J.lP., C. Crisp, G. Dickie, J.P., Thos.
Hleath.
BrLacKwooD.-Andrew Buchanan, R. Cameron,
J.P., Jas. Ferguson, J.P., Matthew Rogers. J.P.,
Wmn. Shaw, Benjamin Trewhella, J.P., David
Wightman.
CoIaADAnT.-J. Bourke, G. Burnip, W. Jeffrey,
W. By. MI'Farlane, J. Young.
DARRAWEIT Guosn.-W. J. Lobb, J.P.
ESSENDON AND FLEOIINGTON.--R. C. Barrett,
J.P., J. Connor, J. N. Danugerfield. A. Graham, T.
II. Jennings, J.P, (Mayor) A. I'Lean. J.P., A.
Swan, Jus. Taylor, J. Wilson, J.P. (Mayor). T.
Learmonth.
GIsBonNE.-R? . Cantwell, H. R. Dixon, J.
Gardiner, Edward Lansdowno, J.P., J. W. Webb,
J.P.
KEcL.on.-John Beale, Henry Delahay, Robert
G. Ely, David Milburn, J.P., Wm. Taylor, J.P.
LANCEFIELD.-W. Derrick, Francis Foy, J.P.,
H. L. Galbraith, J.P., R. S. Graham, J.P.,
R. Hemphill, James Lockwood, J.P.
MYRNIo?o.-G. Grant, J.P., R. Hornbuckle, W.
Lyle, J.P., It. Lidgett, T. Low.
MELTON.-A. Blackwood, A. Cameron, T. A.
Grant, W. S. Harkness, J.P., Jus. Kitson, A.
Shebler, jun.
MACEDoN.-Thos. Christian, Chas. Cogger,
George Nicholls, Alfred Turner, William Thomas
Willey.
No?rT BaLLAN..-Jobn Andrew, Edward Blake,
J.P., John Graham, J. H. Potter, Denis Ryan.
NEwosar.-John Adams, J. T. Anderson,
Richard Adams, Edward Gibbs, John Keating.
RIDDELL8s CREEK.-Robert Dodridge, George
Maxted, Archibald Notman, E. R. Priestly, J.P.
Winm. Somerville, J.P.
RoesEY.-G. Blackburn. W. T. Moffat, J.P., F.
O. Neal, William Wilson, J.P., H. C. White.
SuvN.uty.-John Eadie, J.P., Peter Eadie.
TULLAMARINE.-Wm. Dpwari, WVm. Munsie.

gREMLIN INSURANCE!
MUNSIE, DEAKIN,PARKES, BROWNE,KYLE, ANDERSON,CROOK, CAIN, CRISP, DICKIE, HEATH?, BUCHANAN, CAMERON,FERGUSON, ROGERS, SHAW, TREWHELLA, WIGHTMAN, BOURKE,BURNIP,JEFFREY,MCFARLANE,YOUNG, BARRETT,CONNOR, DANGERFIELD, LOBB,GRAHAM,JENNINGS,MCLEAN, CANTWELL,DIXON, GARDINER, LANSDOWNE, WEBB, BEALE,DELAHEY, ELY, MILBURN,TAYLOR, DERRICK,FOY,GALBRAITH,GRAHAM, HEMPHILL, LOCKWOOD, GRANT, HORNBUCKLE,LYLE, LIDGETT, LOW, BLACKWOOD,HARKNESS, KITSON, SHEBLER, CHRISTIAN, COGGER, NICHOLLS, TURNER, WILLEY,ANDREW, BLAKE, GRAHAM,POTTER,RYAN,ADAMS, ANDERSON,GIBBS,KEATING, DODRIDGE, MAXTED, NOTMAN, PRIESTLY, SOMERVILLE,BLACKBURN, MOFFAT, O'NEAL, WILSON,WHITE, EADIE, DEWAR,

1 comment(s), latest 5 months, 3 weeks ago

HELP CAMERON CAIRNS TO GRANT THE BONEO BRADMAN'S WISH (VIC.,AUST.)

In THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, written by Peter Wilson (descendant of Walter Burnham), the late Ray Cairns (then a spring chicken in his seventies) thanked Peter for putting his (Ray's) information into a readable form and expressed the wish that somebody would expand the information contained in the book.

Family tree circles has enabled me to sort out the different White families on the southern peninsula (and Blooming/Bullocky Bob White of Red Hill, due to help from descendants of the lime burning Irish family and the Rosebud/ Red Hill family and help toolaroo write his book about the latter (which is connected to the Cairns family of Clackmannan in Scotland.) I have been also able to bring together family historians who were able to ease the work load and expand what they knew by sharing their knowledge.

Well, Ray's wish has been granted by Cameron Cairns. I hope somebody else is also researching the Cairns family and that person and Cameron can team up to not only expand what each has achieved but also solve those puzzles and dead ends which so often crop up. If this somebody is you,can you private message me with your email address and I will pass it on to Cameron. (P.S. We've already had a lengthy phone chat.) I apologise to Cameron for not reacting re his desire to discover a fellow Cairns researcher earlier; see bold type in the email.

Hi Ray,

Thanks for your reply.

I have spent today covering most of your journal entries which include references to the Cairns family in Boneo. Your work to date is very impressive, especially the rates and valuations. I recently obtained/downloaded the electronic copies of several of the parish maps available through the State Library of Victoria website

I have Peter Wilson and Ray Cairns' booklet (my second copy). I have been building on that book using the electronic records that would not have been previously available as a means to cross reference and expand the previous work. I have also managed to find a few elderly distant relatives who have been good enough to meet with me and in some cases provide me with copies of some valuable photos (including one of Mary Drysdale, Robert snr's wife, and another with 5 of Robert and Mary's oldest sons)

I grew up in Blairgowrie but now live in Brunswick. I still have family in Blairgowrie and Rye and will probably be down again in the next couple of months, if so it would be good to catch up to exchange notes if possible? Apart from that perhaps I could give you a call sometime in the next week if there was a suitable time and day for you? I would be interested to contact anyone you may know on the Peninsula who is currently researching Cairns family history.

I think I can help you with you the following post: "THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO: "LYNDFIELD" IN THE PARISH OF LYNDHURST, VIC., AUST" The half brothers and the second marriage in Scotland is something I have been trying to crack which has been a little frustrating to say the least.

Look forward to keeping in touch

Regards

Cameron Cairns

JIMMY AND TED WILLIAMS OF EASTBOURNE, ROSEBUD (VIC., AUST.) DID DIE ON SUCCESSIVE DAYS.

As you enter the Rye Cemetery from Lyons St there is a group of old graves about 20 metres ahead on the left of the path. If I remember correctly, three of them relate to the Stenniken family, the first their daughter, Mrs Kennedy (Sarah?) I think the next grave after those three is that of James Campbell Williams*. His sister,Carrie,is either buried in the same grave or the next one. However,there is no mention of their brother, Ted Williams (Edward junior.)The Rye Cemetery Index in the local history room of the Rosebud Library has no mention of Ted either but that is probably because it was compiled from grave inscriptions. The late Ray Cairns told me that Jimmy and his brother died a day apart and cleared up my confusion about Ned Williams. Jimmy's father was Ned and Jimmy's brother was called Ted. So the father was the one who moved the lighthouse to the top of Arthurs Seat and dug the Chinamans Creek canal.

(*James was known as Jimmy the Squid. He collected fishermen's catches which were left on the roadside and transported them to the Mornington Railhead,starting his run from Rosebud West. Isobel Moresby* mentioned that Chinese fishermen used to sell squid on the site of the tennis court (the playground in front of the historic kindergarten.) Perhaps their unsold squid catch was sent to Melbourne or other fishermen were catching squid too. (* ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA.)

If Jimmy and Ted died a day apart why was Ted not mentioned on the gravestone? At the age of 100 years and 10 days,Ray Cairns' memory was sensational but every now and then he wasn't certain, and he insisted on being certain as Peter Wilson stated in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. He was slightly confused about Carrie and Marion and as I didn't want to distress him,we moved onto other subjects. I spent weeks trying in vain to find confirmation of Jimmy and Ted dying on consecutive days.Now,about two years later,I found it while looking for
"Campbell, Rosebud" re the house near the Rosebud jetty that will have to be demolished for the construction of the much-opposed apartment/cafe; a descendant of George Fountain told me at the Dromana Museum last Sunday (19-1-2014) that a grandson of Melbourne's Lord Mayor,Edward Campbell had built the house.

HERE'S THE CONFIRMATION.
WILLIAMS. - On September 10, at EastBourne, Rosebud West, James Campbell, son of the late Edward and Mary Williams,beloved brother of Edward (died September9, 1947). Caroline, Ellen (Mrs. Connop, de-
ceased), Marion (Mrs. Edmonds, deceased) aged 89 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 11-9-1947.)


EASTBOURNE was the name that Sidney Smith Crispo of the Victorian Coastal Survey gave to his grants at Rosebud West, crown allotments 52 and 44 Wannaeue, bounded on the west by Elizabeth Ave and on the south by Hiscock Rd. The Village Glen now occupies most of the land east of Chinamans Creek except the part of crown allotment 44 south of the freeway reservation. Recently (early 2013?), the Friends of the Tootgarook Swamp opposed filling of the swamp in the St Elmos Close area to extend the village and the gang of six on the council tried to sue Cameron Brown who led the protest.

Edward Williams Snr. came from Sydney in 1855 on a ship whose purpose was to survey Port Phillip Bay. The Burrells of Arthurs Seat must have invited the officers to some hospitality and Ned,as he was usually called, probably helped to row them ashore as he obviously enjoyed hospitality with the servants.

One of the servants was Mary Campbell who'd come out with her guardian, Robert Cairns and his wife,Mary (nee Drysdale) in 1852,probably acting as a nanny for the Cairns children. Edward Williams married Mary Campbell. Mary's maiden name was used as Jimmy the Squid's second given name. Young Edward was known as Ted, according to the late Ray Cairns.

Ned was amazingly strong and according to Colin McLear in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA was a harvester of renown who could scythe an acre of crop in one day and,with Bob White, moved the first wooden lighthouse at today's McCrae to the summit of Arthurs Seat when the present metal lighthouse had been constructed. From 1863, he acted at caretaker of Crispo's grants between Canterbury Jetty Rd and St Johns Rd, Blairgowrie*, until he settled on his own grants straddling Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. Ned owned a butchers shop on Butchers Hill at Sorrento which was later sold to George White (of Irish descent and unrelated to the aforementioned Bob White, who like the Cairns family came from the Clackmannan district of Scotland) from whom George St, Sorrento probably got its name. Ned's sons were put in charge of the shop but obviously preferred outdoor life.
(*See my journal THERE WOULD BE NO SORRENTO WITHOUT SIDNEY SMITH CRISPO.)


I had presumed Ned Williams' transfer of his butchering operation from Sorrento to Rosebud was due to increased competition in Coppin's town but it was more likely that the 1890's depression was the cause. It would be interesting to study the Sorrento real estate activity in that decade. As with the 1843 depression, the battlers were affected and many peninsula farmers were forced to desert their farms in the 1890's. However, in both crashes the moneyed classes suffered the greatest losses.Shopkeepers in Sorrento,like in most coastal towns today, made their profits during the tourist season and just kept their heads above water during the rest of the year. If the owners of the clifftop mansions at Sorrento (the bulk of houses mentioned in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study) were approaching insolvency, the shopkeepers,publicans and guesthouses would also go to the wall.

It has not* been established whether Edward Thomas Williams was Ned or Ted but in any case the butcher shop was certainly lost. (*IT HAS NOW;SEE DEATH NOTICES AT END!) It was probably the assignee who sold it to George White.

COMPULSORY SEQUESTRATIONS. |
Mr. Justice A'Beckett yesterday in the Supreme Court compulsorily sequestrated the estates of-lolm Henry Werner, ol' Rooky Lead, storekeeper, on the application of Mr. Vasey.
Edward Thomas Williams, of Sorrento,butcher, on the application of Mr. Wasley.

I have seen no record of a butchers shop at Rosebud at that time so Edward probably supplied customers from a cutting cart. Crispo died in 1899 at Edward Williams' residence, Eastbourne,so I believe Edward was leasing the property or had received a certificate ending his insolvency, and Crispo, apparently a bachelor,had left the estate to his mate, Ned, or sold it to him on easy terms. Whichever,Ned was able to build the heritage-listed house at 17 William Crescent about half a decade later.

While trying to find a heritage citation for Ned's new Eastbourne homestead, I came across Mike Hast's article about the opening of the Rosebud West Community hub. The summary mentioned William Rd, Blairgowrie so in view of the Crispo/Ned mateship, I checked its location. Sure enough the straight part was one of the main streets of Crispo's village of Manners Sutton (later Canterbury, both names coming from the Governor, Sir John Manners-Sutton who became Viscount Canterbury during his term of office.) So that makes some council officer guilty of TWO acts of historical vandalism! The shire must have resolved to remove the s from the end of street names where it had served a possessive function ('s) and Williams'(Cres., Rd.) from which the apostrophe had been dropped over time became William! It's a pity the know all (who crossed out the s where Peter Wilson, in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, had described Ned's house as being at 17 WILLIAMS CRESCENT, didn't ask the council why there was no s at the end of the street name.

NED WILLIAMS' PROPERTIES ON BROWNS RD.
In 1900, Ned's Browns Rd properties were occupied by Edward Connop and in 1910 by John and Marion Edwards of Eastbourne, Dromana. The 1910 assessment is an example of the the reason Cr Terry resigned from council. The shire was nearly broke from the lingering effects of the 1890's depression and Terry was demanding that properties be properly described so that it was clear who owed rates etc. It is unclear whether John and Marion were residing in a house in Dromana named after the Rosebud West farm,but their surname wasn't Edwards, it was Edmonds.

Ned Williams' daughter, Marion,had apparently married Ned Edmonds and one of their daughters had married James Woonton (according to the late Ray Cairns who added that James did road maintenance for the shire.)

In 1919,James had just started leasing the Eagle Ridge site, and the triangular 27A of 20 acres adjoining it on the west,from Ned Edmonds of Boneo. Marion Edmonds was assessed on "94 acres 39A" which John Edwards (sic) had occupied in 1910.
(No wonder Cr Terry was furious! It was 39B of 93 acres 2 roods and 8 perches, and 39A fronting Truemans Rd, consisted of a bit over 83 acres.)

EASTBOURNE.
In 1900,Edward Williams was leasing 69 acres of Eastbourne (crown allotment 52) from Crispo. (The rate collector obviously didn't read the death notices.) He apparently owned 170 acres in crown allotments 52 and 44. As c/a 52 in the high and dry area consisted of 141 acres,Ned was not occupying 43 acres of c/a 44 near the swamp.(Probably the land that Alex Crichton added to the Lovie grants.)

Ned was also assessed on the 20 acres of 27A Wannaeue (Melway 169 west half F12 and south east half E12.) The other Browns Rd grants were 27 B (Eagle Ridge Golf Club to bottom of diagonal western boundary* in Melway 252 G1) and c/a 39B (Melway 169 F11 part 10,part E 10,11.)
(*The western border of 27B went due south from the north west corner of Eagle Ridge.)

In 1910,Caroline Williams (Carrie) was assessed on 69 acres in 52 Wannaeue (near Eastbourne Rd),her address,like the Edmonds, being given as Eastbourne, Dromana. She was also assessed on 162 acres in 7A Wannaeue, east of the southern, swampy half of Eastbourne (Melway 169 K6 to Hiscock Rd, adjoining the Eastbourne Primary School site, and fronting Boneo Rd south of a point opposite the Branson St corner.) Alex Crichton of the Glen Lee family had bought part of crown allotment 44 and sold this with John Lovie's grants between Ned's 39B and Eastbourne to Louis Jensen of Blackburn. Alex, who'd been assessed on Lovie's grants for many decades,had moved to Cockatoo.

In 1919 James C.Williams had crown allotment 7 (see Carrie in 1910) and Ted* had 190 acres and buildings part c/a 44 and crown allotment 52. The William Crescent house was of course on c/a 52. Caroline was leasing 69 acres,pt.c/a 44. (* As Ned was 83, I presume that Edward meant Ted.)

CRISPO.On the 13th October, at the residence of Mr. Edward Williams, Eastbourne, Rye, Sidney Smith Crispo, late secretary and paymaster, Admiralty Survey, Victoria, aged 71. Buried at Rosebud????? Cemetery.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 October 1899 p 1 Family Notices)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 22 April 1915 p 1 Family Notices
...bsp; affectionate family.) WILLIAMS - In sad and loving memory of my dear wife, and our loving mother, Mary Williams, who died at "Eastbourne," Rosebud, on the 21st April, 1914.

WILLIAMS. On the 12th November, at his residence, Eastbourne, Rosebud, Edward, loved father of Edward, James, Caroline, Ellen (Mrs.Connop), Marion (Mrs. Edmonds, deceased), aged 90 years.
(P.17, Argus, 13-11-1926.)

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 10 September 1947 p 11 Family Notices
... Eastbourne. Rosebud West, Edward Thomas son of the late Edward and Mary Williams, be- loved brother
(Ted was the Edward Thomas Williams who was insolvent.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 30 April 1949 p 15 Family Notices
... - On April 29, at Dro- mana Community Hospital, Caroline, of Eastbourne, Rosebud West, eldest daughter ..

[PDF]
March 2013 - The Village Glen, Rosebud
www.villageglen.com.au/webdata/webpages/13/130.pdf‎

March 2013,Issue No 384, Eastbourne by Bergliot Dallas.

The following extract from the VILLAGE GLEN NEWS contains some mistakes but adds some important information, such as Ned making the road around Anthony's Nose in 1866 which I'd forgotten to mention. I'll have to check whether 19 William Crescent could be the original Eastbourne homestead in which Crispo died. There is no rate book evidence that Ned Williams occupied Eastbourne from the 1860's; this might be confusion caused by the author being unaware of Manners-Sutton at Blairgowrie. Bergliot seems to be unaware that there had been two homesteads on Eastbourne, the second, circa 1904 involving Croad and Morse,built for Ned. Probably not having consulted rate books and parish maps, Bergliot assumed that Eastbourne and the Browns Rd. properties adjoined when they were separated by John Lovie's grants,owned from early times by Alex Crichton.There is ample evidence (letters to the editor) that Crispo lived at Eastbourne, which was at times described as being at Rye,the name of Rosebud West not then being used.

Eastbourne Bergliot Dallas
How many of us here at the Village Glen are aware of the existence of Eastbourne, the historic
farmhouse located close by at 19 William Street. It was built between 1885 and 1890, when the
property comprised almost 200 acres and stretched from Eastbourne Road to Browns Road,
roughly between Balaka Street and Elizabeth Avenue.
Edward Williams came from Sydney in about 1860, and was a member of the crew of HMVS, the
Survey Ship Victoria. He was later described variously as a contractor, farmer, butcher and
yeoman! On the Victoria he met Sidney Smith Crispo, the paymaster who lived at Canterbury
Jetty, Rye. He owned the property that Williams and his family occupied from 1864, but never
lived there, and the sale to Williams was only finally concluded in 1899, three weeks prior to
Crispos death from influenza.
Mary Campbell migrated from Stirling, Scotland, in 1852 on the Europa with one of the Cairns
families as a nursemaid for their children. On the Mornington Peninsula, she was employed by
the Burrells at what had been the McCrae homestead. During this time, she met and married
Edward Williams, who was fourteen years her junior. They had five children.
The house is built of local limestone, with exterior walls about 60cm thick. This keeps the
temperature inside quite even, neither cold in winter nor hot in summer. W J Croad was
contracted as the builder and George Morce did the stone work. There are numerous examples
of the work of both these Sorrento men in Portsea, Sorrento and Rye, but the house is certainly
unique in the Rosebud/Tootgarook, area and was named in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study
inventory as a house of local significance.
Edward Williams contributed quite significantly to the settlement and history of the area. He cut
the road around Anthonys Nose next to the beach, and undertook the contract to drain the
Tootgarook Swamp (as well as most of his pasture), creating Chinamans Creek, so named
because a man called Wong-Shing leased the land on the eastern bank of the creek and used
it as a market garden for many years around the early 1900s. In Sorrento, opposite the Park,
the butchers shop of Williams and Son (Edward and his son, Edward Jnr) traded for many years,
and animals from Eastbourne were slaughtered on the site then known as
Butchers Hill, on the corner of Hotham Road and George Street.
The old dairy, which was at one time the Eastbourne Butter Factory, can still be seen
beside the house. One of the daughters, Caroline (known as Carrie), is remembered
as always wearing a black dress, white bonnet and apron, selling eggs and butter.
She died aged 90 in 1949, a spinster. Edward and Mary and their children are buried in the Rye Cemetery.

Just in conclusion, Eastbourne might have become part of Federanium, the capital city of Australia if Crispo's plan had been adopted. See:
BONEO AND FINGAL IN 1902, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC ...
www.familytreecircles.com/boneo-and-fingal-in-1902-mornington-peni...‎
Jun 4, 2013 - 'Federanium.' The streets a mile and two miles long. S: 8. CRISPO ... BONEO. Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 17 May 1894 .

HOW GLENGYLE, KEILOR (SECTION 1,TULLAMARINE) BECAME ARUNDEL, "TURNER'S" AND ELLENGOWAN. (VIC., AUST.)

DEDICATED TO THE BROWN FAMILY, EARLY PIONEERS OF KEILOR.

FROM jOE27.
I have recently purchased Christine Laskowski's book "Steel's Crk.etc" and was interested in mention of Thomas Bertram and Ellangowan. I have been endeavouring to identify :Glenlyle" and Ellangowan since as the name of my neighbour's property in Brown's Rd, is "Ellangowan". They are of the opinion it was named after the school their mother attended in S.Aust, which it could be. Perhaps it is a mere coincidence
A piece I have read on Arundel farm states that Colin Campbell* was the owner following
Capt. Richard Bunbury. Christine states that Thomas and wife Anna McLean Campbell arrived in 1849 and stayed for a while with his brother-in-law, Colin Campbell at "Glenlyle" before purchasing nearby property "Ellangowan." I am pleased that you have given me much information.I now have to find out who owned it before Thomas**.
Re Lawrence Kelly and wife Margaret. In another journal re North Pole Road you wonder if Margaret Kelly (nee Fox) was a sister of Michael Fox who also lived on North Pole Road. This surprised me as Mrs. Margaret Fox who came to Aust. with son Michael was the greatgrandmother of my late husband, Joe Brown. His grandmother, Bridget Brown, was Bridget Fox who arrived about 1850. Looking up Death Cert, of Margaret who died in 1881, she did have a daughter Margaret but she is noted as deceased on certificate. Reference to Lawrence and Margaret Kelly in "Dead Men do tell tales" states they were married in County Tyrone. She died at Violet Town in 1903 while staying with her daughter.
I thoroughly enjoyed reading your journals on Keilor and Tullamarine. Thank you.
Regards,______.


*K. B.Keeley believed that Richard Hanmer Bunbury who had property near the Merri Creek and was the Chief of Water Police at Williamstown (where street names honour him,as well as one at Gladstone Park) was a dummy bidder for Campbell who bought section 1 from him not long after the grant was issued. Bunbury was a naval officer who had lost his right arm in battle and had learned to paint beautifully with his left hand; high praise in the journal of the artistic Georgiana McCrae who came to Australia on the same ship.
**Alex Guthrie owned Ellangowan before Thomas Bertram.

SECTION 1,PARISH OF TULLAMARINE: GLENGYLE BECOMES ARUNDEL AND ELLENGOWAN.
GLENGYLE CHRONOLOGY ON TROVE.
THE CAMPBELLFIELD ANNUAL SHINTY MATCH.In accordance with what may now, speaking relatively, be styled pristine usage, the Campbellfield Annual Shinty Match came off
on New Year's Day, on a field adjoining Messrs. Barber and Lowe's flour mill, on the Merri Merri Creek.(Melway 7 J-K 9.) The public anticipations had been this time
excited even beyond the customary pitch by the extensive preparations which were being made, but they were not doomed to disappointment, for, as far as human agency could operate, the "gathering of the clans" on this occasion far excelled anything of the kind ever before witnessed south of the line. The day was overpoweringly hot, and consequently as ill suited as any day possibly could be for shinty playing, but notwithstanding, the amateurs of the game turned out,and nothing daunted set to work at a game, which even in the frosts and snows of Old Scotland forces the perspiration from the brow, the players exhibiting in their ranks a set of as stalwart chiefs as ever responded to the call of the Maccallum More, or joined in the slogan of Lochiel or Glengarry. At about one o'clock the players set to work, and manfully contested the game till nearly four o clock, when exhausted nature and the ample provision made by the Stewards for recruiting the inner man, alike combined to dictate the propriety
of a " drawn game." The sports finished, the company adjourned to Messrs Barber and Lowe's mill, whlch the proprietors had kindly placed at the disposal of the Stewards, where an ample cold collation, provided by Mr. Yewers, the confectioner in Elizabeth street, awaited their attention, and was done ample justice to under the admirable
presidency of Colin Campbell, Esq. of Glengyle. etc. (P.2,Argus,3-1-1850.)

On the 14th instant, at seven o'clock, a.m., at the residence of Thomas Bertram, Esq., Glengyle, near Keilor, Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell, Esq., of Callis, Coll, Argyleshire, Scotland. (P.4,Argus,15-4-1854.)

MONDAY, 2nd JULY. |
Sale of Farming Stock in an Insolvent Estate, by
order of tho Official Assignee.
Upper Glengyle Farm, near Keilor.
A BLISS and CO. have received instructions from the Official Assignee to sell by public auction, on the premises known as the Upper Glengyle Farm, about one mile from
Keilor, on Monday, 2nd July, at twelve o'clock precisely. Without Reserve.
The whole of the farming stock and agricultural implements belonging to the estate of Roderick Mackenzie*, consisting of Powerful draught horses (etc.) (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 28 June 1855 p 3 Advertising.)

(* Roderick McKenzie was the grantee of crown allotment A of section 15 in the parish of Will Will Rook, consisting of 304 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Indicated by Melway 6 K4 and 7 B5 it is bounded by Railway Crescent, Barry Rd, roughly King St and roughly Phillip St. The assignee had probably sequestered his grant, so he was most likely leasing Upper Glengyle; no sale of the Keilor property was mentioned.)

By the end of 1861, the part of section 1 near the present Arundel farm, which had probably been called Upper Glengyle, had been renamed Arundel but the horseshoe bend near Bertram's Ford, accessed by Browns Rd on the river flat (which later produced Thomas Bertram's renowned crops) was still called Glengyle by the Guthries, who were soon to moved to Togarf south of Emu Creek in the shire of Bulla.

As shall be seen, Alex Guthrie obviously ownedthis part of the Glengyle Estate, which he had occupied since 1851 (when his lease on the future Meadowbank/Gowrie Park at Campbellfield was terminated due to its purchase by Alexander Gibb and the so-called Keilor farmer* James Robertson.)

*Andrew Lemon's mistake of which Moreland City Council has been made aware.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 January 1863 p 2 Advertising
... Guthrie, Esq , to SELL by AUCTION, on the farm, Glengyle, one mile from Keilor, on Thursday, .. (i.e. a clearing sale.)

FRIDAY, MARCH 20.
Splendid Agricultural Property,
Within Eight Miles of Town.
DALMAHOY CAMPBELL and Co. are instructed
by Alex. Guthrie, Esq., to SELL by PUBLIC
AUCTION, at Morton's Hotel, on Friday, 20th March,
at two o'clock.
Unless previously disposed of,
Part of the Glengyle Estate, Keilor, about eight
milos from town, being Lots 8 and 9, containing
161a. 3r. 38p.
The soil is first-class, and it has a large frontage to
tho Deep Creek, which contains an abundant supply
of fresh water all the year round.
It adjoins tho property of Edward Wilson, Esq.,
substantially fenced, and subdivided Into lots, 107
acres being under cultivation, and bearing luxuriant
crops.
The improvements comprise comfortable dwelling
house, with stable, &c. ; also two hay-yards, and stock-
yard, all in good working order: a compact garden,
containing a number of vines, fruit trees, etc.
Intending purchasers are Invited to inspect the pro-
perty before the day of sale, which they will find not
to be surpassed.
Title unexceptionable.
Terms etc. (P.3, Argus,1863.)

It will be interesting to see how close the total acreage of Browns Rd Arundel Closer Settlement blocks comes to 162 acres or if it's closer to Thomas Bertam's 170 acres. I just realised that, having inserted the above, I've let the cat out of the bag re the author of the following advertisement.

WILL stand this season, at Arundel* (late Glen-gyle), Keilor, the imported Poltou Ass LA JOIE. This animal is very powerful, and of the breed celebrated for the production of the splendid mules used for artillery and other draught purposes in the south of France.

The Imported Egyptian Ass,MEHEMET.
MEHAMET is pure white, of the Hadji breed, from the neighbourhood of Mecca, famed for their spirit and endurance, and combines great energy with perfect temper.The mule in all countries of similar climate to this is a more serviceable animal than the horse. It enjoys almost entire immunity from disease. It thrives where the horse starves, and lives nearly twice as long. It is often larger than either parent.
Also, Will Stand at the same place, the Pure-bred Imported Alderney Bull, MERLIN.(P.8, Argus,14-12-1861.)
(* The person who wrote this advertisement didn't bother posting it;he took it to work. He most likely didn't pay for the advertisement. He knew a lot about exotic animals and as a stalwart of the acclimatisation movement, grew experimental crops as well as breeding chinchilla rabbits and having a virtual zoo on Arundel. His legacy allowed Cr Jack of Flinders Shire to obtain the Mornington Peninsula's first motorised ambulance. Getting warm? He was also the owner of The Argus and had retired as editor because of his failing eyesight which eventually forced him to return to England where he mixed in intellectual circles with such as Charles Darwin. A bachelor,he left most of his estate for charitable purposes in the Edward Wilson Trust. So if you ever visit the Dromana Museum (like tomorrow,26 January, when I'm on duty)you can tell the volunteers what the plaque on the outside wall (Shire President, Cr Jack, 1928) has got to do with ambulances and Arundel.

FOR SALE, Ellengowan, one mile from Keilor,the property of Thos. Bertram, Esq., consisting of 170 acres, HOUSE, containing six rooms, with detached kitchen, store and servant's rooms, stabling, and other out-offices; orchard and vinery of four
acres, in tho highest state of cultivation. The land has a frontage of one mile and a half to the Keilor or Maribyrnong River*, and is the finest agricultural land
in the neighbourhood. From its proximity to the Melbourne markets, it is rarely that an opportunity occurs for securing so eligible and remunerative an investment.
For further particulars apply to JAMES TURNER**,831 Little Collins-street east ; or, to Mr. BERTRAM, Ellengowan.(P.8, Argus,2-6-1866.)

N.B.Thomas Bertram must have been leasing the homestead block in 1854 and then bought Guthrie's Browns Rd area circa 1863.
* You need a piece of string 12 centimetres long to check the river frontage on the Browns Rd area on Melway. Come on,don't let me do all the work!
** James Turner had probably bought the horseshoe bend accessed by the east-west section of McNabs Rd, on which he was assessed in Keilor's 1868 ratebook. Known as "Turner's",it was bought by the McNabs when the Overnewton Estate was sold off;they also bought the Oakbank Rd area across the river in the parish of Maribyrnong.

Tony Cockram,the owner of Arundel Farm in about 1989 gave me a copy of K.B.Keeley's Architectural Thesis on Arundel circa 1960. The Hume library system should have a copy of it and Moonee Valley might.

WHEN WAS BERTRAM'S FORD FIRST MENTIONED?
Arundel Rd, part of which is blocked off by the freeway and has been renamed after Jose Borrell who replaced the Cahills on Gumms Corner in 1916,was known as Bertram's road in 1865. Keilor Rd was still called Mt Alexander Rd in the early 1900's.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 24 May 1865 p 7 Advertising
... for WORKS on tho Mount Alexander and Bertram's Road, Keilor.

Although no mention was made of Bertram's ford in 1865 (or earlier),its construction was possibly part of the above works because early in 1866,maintenance was required. This is an extract from the report of the fortnightly Keilor Road Board meeting.

The clerk was instructed to write to the Bulla District Board, requesting their cooperation in the
construction of Grant's road, the boundary between the two districts. The engineers were instructed to examine Bertrams Ford, on the road from Keilor to the Arundel farm, with a view to having it and the approaches
put in proper repair. (P.5, column 2,Argus,30-1-1866.)

CORRECTION: JOHN KERNAN OF MERAI FARM, PASCOE VALE, VIC., AUST. WHO DIED IN 1877, NOT 1879.

If you google, John Kernan, itellya, you will find many results which include the false claim that John Kernan of Merai Farm died in 1879. This claim was caused by the error detailed below. Genealogists face enough problems without being led astray so this correction is necessary. Unfortunately, as in the case of Sumner of Moorooduc and Brunswick,the year is not corrected in the summaries if it corrected in the actual journal.

Andrew Lemon was wrong on P.76 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY when he stated that John Kernan, who had occupied Merai from 1856, died in 1879. He died in 1877 at the age of 48. Perhaps he was also wrong about the widow of John being Mary? (P.14, Illustrated Australian News, 24-7-1877.)

The Moreland City Council has been informed of this and another Andrew Lemon error quoted in their heritage study.

JOHN KERNAN AND GOSSIP ABOUT EARLY PUBLICANS INVOLVED IN MY JOURNALS, VIC., AUST.

John Kernan started leasing Merai Farm in 1856. Had he just arrived, and, if not, what was he doing previously?

PUBLICANS' LICENSES - The following is a list of the applications filed for publicans' licenses for the City of Melbourne and County of Bourke;
John Cosgrave, King-street ; Robert frost, Flinders -streut ; Thomns Moiinhan, Sw auston-street ;


Count or Bourke.--Vi. M. Atkinson, South Yarra ; "John. Brien, Will Will .Rook (Broadmeadows)'; Waller Butler, Williams Town ; Edward Bishop, PuscoeViilc; I. Donohoe, Deep Creek ; John Kernan,junction of the Mount Macedon and Kielor roads; C McDougall, Kalkallo James Mitchell, Keilor; John Mill, Mornington; JurneB Mooney,Brighton; D. W.t CNial, Springs; William liOdrgO BtllllWBY,'iiruiiFii.n t;,."""". -?"'."-I'son,1 Darebin Creek ; George Vutgo, Somerton ;Sarah Wulle, Pentridge.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 1 April 1851 p 2 Article)

COMMENTS.
Only three publicans in Melbourne have been included, for reasons given below. Most in the county of Bourke have been deleted before John Kernan but following entries have been left intact so that his entry can be easily located near the end of the article.

Digitisation has not been corrected so that you can appreciate finding an article that you can just copy and paste into your family history. That is why I get so frustrated when after finding articles,spending hours correcting the text and linking them with comments,I cannot submit the fruits of my labour.

John Kernan's hotel would have probably been on the site of the Moonee Ponds Town Hall*. I think Grant Aldous mentioned a hotel having previously on that site in THE STOPOVER THAT STAYED. It couldn't have been on the site of today's Moonee Ponds Tavern because Robert Shankland built the original section of Dean's Hotel in 1852, according to his biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.

John Kernan had earlier applied for a licence for a hotel in Melbourne but been refused.
John Kernan, Block Bull Hotel, Melbourne,refused, on the petition of the inhabitants of the locality, the house not being required.(P.2, Argus, 15-4-1850.)

*It is highly unlikely that the road junction was the Bulla/Keilor Rd. corner at North Essendon because Tulip Wright's Lincolnshire Hotel would have been in the process of construction in 1851. There is not one mention of the hotel in 1851 in the Argus and Tulip would have given the hotel this name from its opening, being a native of Lincolnshire. In 1852, Tulip, obviously the first licensee, transferred the licence to Edward Wilson.

Three roads were often called Mt Macedon road at the time: the road to Sydney past the Young Queen (i.e.Pascoe Vale Rd, Postlethwaite's address for his large estate near Broadmeadows Township in 1850); the road to Deep Creek (early address for Colonel Kenny's Camp Hill at Tullamarine); and the road to Keilor(whose main street was Macedon St.)


JOHN KERNAN.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 27 January 1853 p 4 Family Notices
... instant, at the Clarendon Hotel, Collins-street, Melbourne, William Postlethwaite, Esq., of Glenroy, fourth son of John Postlethwaite, of llroad Broad- stonce, Dalton, Lancashire, aged 33 years.

The above is half of the proof that Pascoe Vale Rd. was called Mt Macedon road. I saw the other half in a copy of an electoral roll included in a Keilor Historical Society newsletter by Chris Laskowski in the 1990's. It read ? Postlethwaite, (Mt?)Macedon road, Glenroy. The question marks indicate details not clear in my memory but I am absolutely certain about the rest. I have searched the 1849 list of electors in the Port Phillip and Postlethwaite's name is not on it, but that was probably a preliminary list so that electors could check if they were included.(P.4, Argus, 3-7-1849.)

Pascoe Vale road was called "the road to the Young Queen" in a map found on a sketch of title and the bridge at Pascoe Vale was built in 1843. It was not a government road used as a boundary for crown allotments but a track, forged by early squatters seeking pasture, which passed through crown allotments in Doutta Galla north of Woodlands St, Fawkner's grant at Pascoeville in Jika Jika and the Glenroy Estate in Will Will Rook.

Morelands natural landform and the way it was mapped and organised for subdivision also set a pattern for how its roads and transport routes would emerge and develop in the municipality. Brunswicks parish land was divided into relatively narrow strips on either side of Sydney Road. Many of its thoroughfares subsequently evolved from lanes that ran along the boundaries of larger allotments, giving Brunswick the tight grid of streets that characterise its urban setting today. The north-south road that became Sydney Road was the one public road that surveyor Robert Hoddle reserved when he surveyed the northern part of the (JIKA JIKA)parish. It acted as a boundary between the elongated east and west allotments thus providing these properties with access to a central road. Its northerly route took it to the village of Pentridge, but the narrow dimensions of the road would suggest that it was merely intended as an agricultural road for servicing farming allotments, not the major axial thoroughfare it is today.

By contrast, the route of Pascoe Vale Road developed from a track that followed the natural contours of the
landscape. Unlike Sydney Road, it did not begin as a route to service the needs of an emerging settlement.
Rather, explorers and squatters initially used it as a means to investigate Melbournes hinterland and claim
pasture as well as a route to herd sheep and cattle. Their journey would have followed the path well trod by the first inhabitants, the Wurundjeri-willam clan of the Woiworung Aboriginal group.

The Moonee Ponds Creek was named after a Woiworung Ngurungaeta, Mooney Mooney. Little is known of him except that he was blind in one eye and was also acquitted of sheep stealing on the Werribee River in 1838. He died in February 1840, aged sixty-six.63

The Flemington Bridge crossing began as a ford and in 1839 was upgraded to a log bridge, the first vehicular
bridge in Melbourne. It was built to facilitate the significant loads of stone being brought in to build Melbournes churches and other public buildings such as the Russell Street gaol and the new treasury.71 The bridge provided a direct route along Mt Alexander Road, which deviated at Holmes Road into Pascoe Vale Road. The route crossed Moonee Ponds Creek again near John Pascoe Fawkners village of Pascoeville, in todays Pascoe Vale/Oak Park area. At first the crossing used a ford that was on a circuitous path and was often blocked by subdivisional fences, writes Lay, but pressure of increased usage of the route as a Sydney link led to its replacement by a bridge in 1843, the second bridge in Melbourne.72 The structure was built with government funding as well as funding from the new licensee of the Young Queen Inn, William Smith.
([PDF]THEMATIC HISTORY - Moreland City Council - Victorian Government
www.moreland.vic.gov.au/.../city%20of%20moreland%20thematic%20h...‎)


Pascoe Vale Rd was an early road to Sydney which deviated through Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) and up the Ardlie St hill to join the present Mickleham road,which further north is still called Old Sydney Rd. This was a significant detour and as William Smith announced after the Pascoe Vale bridge had been swept away (see below)the road past the Young Queen was being linked to the new Sydney road (i.e. at Somerton.)

AND THAT WAS WHEN THE GENEALOGICAL PUZZLE REGARDING JOHN KERNAN COMMENCED!
John Kernan was still alive and kicking on Merai Farm at Pascovale while John Kernan was running the Somerton Inn and the Somerton family's folklore states that they were not related. Both families were linked by PascoeVale Rd and relationship to the McNamara's. John Kernan Snr of Merai farm married Mary McNamara (title document)and one of Somerton John's sons married a McNamara girl!

Some details of Somerton John are given in the Craigieburn Historical Interest Group's website (place and year of birth, marriage at Coburg)but nothing about his arrival in Australia.

As I could not submit the information gathered about the two Kernan families an email conversation with a descendant of Somerton John about the two families will be posted here if the gremlins allow it.
CONTINUE





THE OTHER PUBLICANS.
JOHN COSGRAVE.
John Cosgrave,supposedly an Alderman (Melbourne or Hotham?) was a pioneer of Kensington and Bulla. Title documents regarding Kensington show that Cosgrave was the council officer and 12 year old Oswald Daniel added the Alderman tag in his history of Bulla.

ALLOTMENT 20.(East of Kensington Rd.)
This was granted to William Highett who came to the Port Phillip District to manage the Union Bank. Highett also received a grant in the parish of Yuroke near Craigieburn Rd.
His land dealings fill many pages of the lands title index; no doubt many were in Highett. The entrance in Dynon Rd between Kensington Rd and the railway bridge is actually Highett St.
Not long afterwards, Highett sold allotment 20 to lawyer, Henry Jennings, after whom Henry St was probably named. In 1854, Jennings subdivided the land, selling the land north east of Derby St in 78 lots. The main buyers were F.J.Coote, William and David Winder, and John Cosgrave. Coote was a partner in Jennings legal firm and Cosgrave was treasurer of the Corporation of Melbourne. William Winder was a brickmaker and David Winder had purchased the land between Stubbs St and the Macaulay Station site in 1849.

The McMeikans bought land from Cosgrave in 1864 and Coote in 1868 to extend their property to Bellair St. In 1863, J.T.Smith bought all of Cosgraves land east of Gower St (sold to Durham in 1879). Smith also bought six of Cosgraves blocks south west of the (Holy Rosary)church site, Robert Wallace buying the other 9 blocks (to Derby St) in 1869.(From my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)

The section extending from Musgrove's corner to the late Andrew Carroll's was owned by Mr William Wright, who cut it up and sold it about the year 1852, Messrs Musgrove, Johnson, Daniel, Carroll, Tulloch and Waylett were among the original purchasers. Mrs Mary Daniel purchased two blocks of the estate, one of which is still held by her grandson, Mr A. F.Daniel.

The adjoining block she sold to the late John Cosgrove, who was alderman and first treasurer of the City of Melbourne. Mr Cosgrove used to cycle out on a 'bone shaker,' (a term given to a certain make of early cycles) that must have had an earlier history than the famous machine of the late Professor Kernot, and in his trips from North Melbourne to the farm he used to arrive with such an enormous appetite that one of his standing boasts was that he could eat anything that was put before him. On one occasion a crow was prepared, and he was invited to have a meal of crow. After he had finished the meal he remarked : 'Humph ! I can eat crow, but I don't hanker after it.'
Mr Cosgrove afterwards sold to Messrs Hunt and Standen. Mrs T.H. Dean, of Moonee Ponds (a daughter of Mr Standen) next possessed the property; then her son, Melbourne; and it has now become the property of
the Hunt Club. ("Sherwood", Melway 178 C6.)
OSWALD DANIEL. (Age, 12 years 10 months). ((P.2, Sunbury News, 4-6-1910.)

ROBERT FROST.
Robert does not seem to have been running the Bridge Inn at Bulla circa 1860 but a beer there would have been a Frosty one,so there was possibly a family connection.
Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 17 August 1860 p 1 Advertising
. TO LET, the DEEP CREEK INN, Bulla. Apply to Arthur Frost, Bulla.

The relationship between (Arthur?) and the Bulla Road Board became FROSTY when a payment was asked for the use of a room by the Board.
A meeting was called on 23rd October, 1862, at the Bridge Inn for the purpose of forming a Road Board District.
...After holding two or three meetings at the Bridge Inn Mr Frost wanted to charge the Council for the use of the room and Mr Melville of the Inverness came to the rescue, and allowed the council to have a room free of charge. (Oswald Daniel, as above.)

THOMAS MONAHAN.
I had not known that Thomas Monahan was a publican,but I suspect that he was successful in this occupation. He was able to engage in land speculation in the parish of Kangerong near Dromana and suburban blocks at Rye (parish of Nepean) on the Mornington Peninsula.

JOHN BRYAN.
DEATHS.
BRYAN. On the 16th inst., at his residence, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows*, Mr. John Bryan, aged 55
years. (P.4, Argus, 17-6-1859.) Jane Bryan carried on the hotel after John's death.It was destroyed by fire in 1879.

A plaque on the Broadmeadows Hotel refers to the Victoria Hotel having been on the site of the Broady's car park which would be clear enough if there wasn't a car park at each end of the Broady. Luckily an early purchase by J.Bryan shown on the Broadmeadows Township map (the one showing the two ends of Ardlie St joined by the 1854 timber bridge) indicates that the Victoria was a few blocks uphill of the original Broadmeadows Hotel site.

*Broadmeadows Township is north of Forman St and south of Kenny St in present-day Westmeadows. The hotel was described as being in (the parish of)Will Will Rook in 1851 because nobody would have known where Broadmeadows Township was,having only been declared the year before. The Fawkner St part of the township was in the parish of Tullamarine.

EDWARD BISHOP.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 2 March 1853 p 6 Article
... Young Queen, Pascoeville, from Edward Bishop to John William Roberts. Postponed to the 11th In Inst ...
(The Young Queen Inn became a landmark for travellers to Sydney and Pascoe Vale Rd was labelled in a pre-1850 survey as "road to the Young Queen Inn". After the direct route through Pentridge (Coburg) became the NEW ROAD TO SYDNEY, and the bridge at Pascoeville was swept away in about 1850,William Smith launched an extensive advertising campaign to reverse the declining number of travellers using the old route (one of the problems being the steep climb in either direction from the creek at Ardlie St in Broadmeadows Township.) Smith pointed out that a new bridge was being built and that the road now connected with the new Sydney road (probably via Cliffords Rd at Somerton.) He called his hotel the ORIGINAL Young Queen Inn because another hotel of the same name(which later became Father O'Hea's residence if I remember Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS correctly) had been built beside the direct road through Pentridge.

It seems that the campaign didn't work and Smith (son in law of Tulip Wright, according to sources) moved to Bulla and built the bluestone store which was for so long the post office/store of the (William) Bethell family. He would have been delighted that Edward Bishop wanted to run the pub, which was, according to the City of Moreland Thematic Heritage Study Volume 2 on the corner of Pascoe Vale and Main St (Oak Park), but title documents indicate it was near Bass St,just north of the bridge.

(PHILLIP?) DONOHUE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 April 1851 p 2 Article
... Rest, Dandenong Grunted. P. Donohoe, Bridge Inn, Deep Creek.
(William "Tulip" Wright had transferred the licence of his hotel at Bulla to Donohue while he got the Lincolnshire Hotel at North Essendon up and going. Tulip later returned to Bulla and died there.)

DAVID WILLIAM O'NIALL.
David established the LADY OF THE LAKE Hotel at Springs (Tullamarine) in about 1847. He planted a cape broom hedge and his two shy little daughters, Catherine and Minnie, watched in awe through the hedge as Robert O'Hara Burke's expedition straggled past on its way to the second encampment by the Inverness Hotel (near the north end of the north-south runway.) The associated farm, "Broombank" is discussed in my journal (O'NIALL/BEAMAN.) David died young and his widow married Richard Beaman. The hotel burnt down and its land became part of Broombank (leased by John Cock, the late Colin Williams' parents and Ray Loft.)

Ray wanted to buy the property but Catherine and Minnie refused to sell for sentimental reasons and it was not until the death of the two sisters, about three years apart in the early 1930's, that Ray was able to buy the property, which was subdivided in 1952. The Broombank homestead was set back about 70 yards from Bulla Rd,the driveway from the main road becoming Millar Rd, but was derelict so Ray and Maggie lived at 3 Eumarella St on the subdivided 40 acre portion of Tommy Loft's "Dalkeith" west of Broadmeadows Rd. The Loft and Millar families were both associated with the Greenvale and Tullamarine areas so Ray Loft may have met Maggie Millar in either area, Greenvale by about 1920 or Tulla afterwards. Robert Millar occupied the Junction Estate (Northedge, Andlon and Londrew), which adjoined Broombank, before his death in 1912 and his son Alex may have continued there until the Lofts arrived from Greenvale before buying John McKerchar's "Greenvale" which he renamed the Elms. (Sources for this entry would fill an A4 page. Private message me for details.)

GEORGE VINGE.
New Somerton Hotel Page
www.chig.asn.au/new_somerton_hotel_page.htm‎
The Somerton Hotel with owner John Kernan and his wife pictured out front. ... George Vinge ran the hotel from 1847 to 1853 (Cole Hotel Index) and was known ...

Convict Records: George Vinge
www.convictrecords.com.au/convicts/vinge/george/116095‎
George Vinge, one of 168 convicts transported on the Red Rover, ... April 1842: Took over the licence of the Golden Fleece Hotel in Sydney Road, Somerton, ...
TO BE CONTINUED.

CORRECTION: JAMES ANDERSON OF MAIN'S ESTATE AND BRAESIDE IN KEILOR WAS NOT A SON -IN-LAW OF DUGALD STEWART OF FLEETBANK, TULLAMARINE ISLAND, BULLA. (VIC., AUST.)

I no longer have my cubic metre of notes compiled from hundreds of sources,which were used in the writing of my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND. Thus,most of what I write comes from memory of what I wrote in those 2500* handwritten pages, a 20+ year old memory which is pretty good, but as demonstrated in this instance,not quite perfect, and genealogy needs to be perfect.
(*More like 3000 pages when all the newspaper articles etc. stuck on the backs of the foolscap pages are counted.)

I have stated in several journals that James Anderson married Dugald Stewart's daughter and that Dugald had come to the area because of involvement in the construction of the Mt Alexander and Murray River railway. Nearly true,but it was DONALDStewart, not Dugald.That is why James Anderson's wife was not listed as a family member in any death notices re Dugald Stewart and his children, which I mentioned was strange!

When I moved to Rosebud,I had no room for my notes (cubic metre), DHOTAMA (a metre-high stack),parish, geological survey, ordnance and airport acquisition maps (in cardboard tubes)etc. so most of the material (which might make sense to anybody else)was donated to the Tullamarine Library (formerly part of the Moonee Valley Regional Library but by this time part of the Hume Library)and was sent to the Hume Global Learning Centre near the Broadmeadows station.

When I wrote a history of the Horseshoe Bend Park at Keilor (involving William O'Neil who purchased all of the 19 acre Keilor Township suburban allotments,most granted to F.D.Wickham) in the present park,I was contacted by John Shorten of the Friends of Horseshoe Bend Park. It turned out that John was also president of the Keilor Plains Pioneer Family History group and that he asked for a lend of DHOTAMA.

That was when John decided to take on the mammoth task of scanning and digitising DHOTAMA so I entrusted the metre high pile to his care. He did it! John sent me copies of the files and made this correction possible.

ANDERSON.James,Don,Peter.(Keilor) (PAGE A18 DHOTAMA.)
James Anderson of Braeside was the son of Mr William Anderson and was born in Fifeshire in Scotland in 1847. He arrived in Victoria at the age of seven and his father set up at Keilor as a blacksmith. His father was killed as the result of an accident at the toll gate at the bridge.James was a versatile man and followed many rural occupations,including that of shearer. He owned several racehorses and won 21 steeplechases with the noted Springfield trained by Wally Cox, father of Mr.W.S.Cox, secretary of the Moonee Valley Racing Club. Another of his horses to be successful on the Victorian Turf was Zircon.

James Anderson'swife was the daughter of Donald Stewart who came out to Victoria in early days and teamed up with Cornish and Bruce, contractors for the construction of the Bendigo railway. Mr. Stewart remained with the construction as far as Sunbury and was there associated with the railway for the rest of his life.
(Keilor Centenary Celebrations, 1950)

(19-1-2014.The following might be a death notice for James Anderson's niece.
"STEWART.' - At Kelvin Grove private hospital, Margaret Stewart, only daughter of late D. C. Stewart and M. P. Stewart, of Sunbury, and the loved sister of Malcolm and David. P.13,Argus, 8-7-1933.
)

To cut a long story short,James Anderson occupied James Wilson's old farm on the west side of Hoffmans Rd, Niddrie for many years before moving to Braeside. Wilson's farm is described in my journal "1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT", as is James Anderson's mother's death at "Shelton".

His son, Don,(obviously named after Donald Stewart)provided for many years the most picturesque entry to Keilor from Melbourne every spring,with the blossom of his apricot orchard on the present Horseshoe Bend Park greeting travellers as they descended Curleys Hill. The Horseshoe Bend Park office is Don's old home.A history board nearby provides details.

Don's son Peter, who was living on a corner house on the south side of Church St, Keilor, by the 1990's, Braeside to the north having been sold, had married the daughter of Ina Henderson from Tullamarine. The Hendersons owned the land now occupied by Henderson Road and ran the brick post office (demolished for the construction of the road in 1956) and lived in a beautiful Victorian house on the north corner,later occupied by Ben Hall,grandson of the bushranger, before it too was demolished. Geoff Henderson from Gladstone Park brought a painting of the old post office to the 1998 BACK TO TULLA.

EXTRACTS FROM MY "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA."
SECTION 12 (East Keilor west of Rachelle Rd, Niddrie south of Farrell St.)
SECTION 12, MAINS ESTATE.
Bounded by Rachelle Rd., Buckley St., Hoffmans Rd. and the latitude of the north side of Farrell St., this was granted to James Patrick Main in 1846. He was probably related to Patrick who built the first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek at Flemington, still known as Mains bridge after it had been swept away by floodwaters and rebuilt.
James P.Main, builder and settler, Moonee Ponds in 1841 and 1847, may have been living on Mains Estate. At the latter date, Thomas Anderson, dairyman, was on Mains Estate, Moonee Ponds. I wonder if Thomas was related to James Anderson (a later occupant of Mains Estate.)

James Wilson, who came to the colony in 1847 at 21 worked as a shepherd etc., and ran the Golden Fleece hotel at Pentridge for 5 years before buying 185 acres on Mains Estate in 1857. (In 1868, James Wilson was only assessed on 100 acres so he was obviously leasing a part of his land to somebody.) The farm was called Springbank and the homestead, a two storeyed brick mansion, was on the south corner of Hoffmans Rd. and Teague St. until it was demolished in the 1930s and replaced by a garage which was itself demolished in early 1992.
Keilors 1868 ratebook shows that Wilson had 100 acres. His known neighbours on Mains Estate were William Hoffman 100 acres, Dugald McPhail 221 acres, Thomas Cox 50 acres, James Collier 46 acres.
Possible occupants of the remaining 123 acres of Mains Estate in 1868 were Thomas James Trahey (Saimey?) 60 ac. and John Foley 70 ac. (This gives a total of 647 acres; the extra acres are probably because McPhails land was actually 212 acres, that is Rosehill of 112 5/8 acres plus two blocks of just under 50 acres each.) p.s. Cox and Collier occupied the site of the Niddrie quarry. (Title information at end.)

Blacksmith, William Anderson was killed in an accident near the toll gate at the Keilor bridge (Brees 1854 bridge) on 25-2-1862, leaving his wife Catherine (nee Clark) and children, Janet, Catherine, Margaret, Alex. and James. The widow was Keilors midwife for thirty years until dying in September 1892. The daughter named after her seems to have been a pioneer of Ardmillan Rd from 1877 until 1894 (at old No.81, now 65 and 65A and from March 1909 Miss Morriss Blinkbonnie Ladies College), when she probably moved back into her late mothers Keilor residence. James worked at many occupations including that of shearer, was an overseer at Arundel in 1868, and in 1882 bought a butchers shop in Keilor. When that was sold, he and his wife (Annie Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart) went to a farm on North Pole Rd (50 acres in section 12 on the west side of Spring Gully) and afterwards to Springbank.
A press report of the Oakland Hunt Clubs meet of 20-5- 1899 says that the quarry was chased around Pinnacle Hill to a slaughterhouse, then east to Andersons well-kept farm etc. James later, some time after 1930, moved to a farm called Braeside (the 30 acres in Keilor containing Meehan Ct, Watson Rise, Fleming Ct and Tan Ct), where he died on 2-6-1943 at 96. His son Don bought a part of William ONeils Horseshoe Bend Farm in 1937 and his orchard became a feature for those descending down Curleys Hill into Keilor. Dons son, Peter, married a daughter of the Hendersons from Tullamarine and still lives across Church St from his grandfathers Braeside land.
In 1900 James Anderson was farming Springbank of 179 acres and 214 acres (probably Sinclairs Farm of 114 acres and two farms of about 50 acres each fronting the north side of Rose Hill Rd. He also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Road (Coxs Farm, lot 10 of section 12). He later owned Braeside on the hill overlooking Church St. and Green Gully Rd. at Keilor.
-------------
James Wilsons old Spring Bank farm was put up for sale, obviously in 1918. The claim is made that the 179 acre farm had been in family ownership for 80 years; nonsense unless Wilson was related to J.P.Main, the grantee (and occupier since at least 1841).
------------

THE BEAR FACTS.
James Patrick Main mortgaged section 12 to John and John Pinney Bear on 26 Jan., 29 July, and 3 December 1847 and on 4-4-1848 he made a Conveyance of Equity of Redemption in which the Bears paid him 1030 pounds. (D 801, E 252, E 601, E 956.) The last memorial apparently put the grant into the Bears ownership and they sold some of it as detailed later. On 10-1-1854, Main seems to have regained ownership, from Charles Kilburn, of the land that Blair was later to buy from him (49 259) and the southern part of Springbank, which he later sold to Wilson.
On 19-4-1851, Main mortgaged part of James Wilsons later purchase to James Graham and Alexander McLean Hunter for 325 pounds (M 277). On 10-5-1854, he mortgaged both pieces of Springbank to Thomas Clark, a further amount being paid to him on 10-7-1854 (11 450 and 14 310).
-------------
LOTS 11?,9?,7. SPRINGBANK.
On 9-8-1855, James Wilson bought Spring Bank from J.P.Main for 4732 pounds. Wilson claimed to have established the farm in 1857 (Victoria and Its Metropolis 1888). Did he mortgage it straight after the purchase and take two years to pay it off? This land ran south 4008 links from the northern boundary of section 12 to the northern boundary of Niddrie Secondary College (29 662.) These boundaries explain the bends in Newman Cres. (north) and Garnet St (south). It is of interest that John Wilson started leasing 18c (which touches the n/w corner of section 12) from J.P.Bear on 31-7- 1855, just over a week before James Wilson bought Springbank.

Wilsons family seems to have owned the property until 1918. James Anderson was occupying Springbank, possibly by 1895 (1918-23 years) and certainly by mid 1899 (Oaklands Hunt report) and was still there in 1930, his address being given as Buckley Park (Vol.534 fol.973). No mention of Springbank is made in the James Wilson or James Anderson title index but Sam Merrifields House Names Index contains an entry claiming that Anderson owned the farm. (Owner Mr Anderson. Occupier Mr Swan, butcher of Essendon. Vide Essendon Gazette 8/2/1900. 2 storied brick mansion. Abuts Conniston Ave. Demolished 1930s.) Conniston Ave. could have been Hoffmans Rd or Teague St.
Land Plan 10004, lodged by C.R.Anderson on 27-11-1923, deals with the subdivision of Springbank. The plan shows that the northern boundary of section 12 was the front fenceline of houses on the north side of Farrell St. The south boundary of Springbank was at the southern end of the bend in Garnet St. See further details at end of Section 12 entry under Hoffmans Rd heading.
Peter Anderson told me that James Andersons youngest son was named Colin when I asked if hed heard of C.R.Anderson. However, the second Christian name of Colin, born in 1900 at Keilor to James Anderson and Annie (nee Stewart), was Lindsay. C.R.Anderson lodged many land plans and was probably no relation of the Springbank farmer.
An undated entry on P. 32 of Sam Merrifields House Names Index (L.Frost) seems to date from 1918 and, as well as making the ridiculous claim that Springbank had been owned by the same family for 80 years (possibly a typo for 60!), states that the same lessee had been there for 23 years. The previous entry (in brackets above) says that James Anderson owned it and the second seems to indicate that James was only a lessee. Was James Wilson related to James Anderson? Was Anderson sub-letting to Swan?

JUST LOST HOURS OF WORK THROUGH CARELESS CLICKING. HAVE TO REDO LATER AS I'M ON DUTY AT DROMANA MUSEUM IN TWO HOURS AND I STILL HAVEN'T EATEN BREAKFAST DESPITE STARTING AT 7 A.M.


ANDERSON/DAWSON/YATES FAMILY NOTICES FROM TROVE SEARCHES (USE SEARCH HISTORY)RACECOURSE RD, TRAGEDIES,ETC
SUSAN JENNISON ARTICLE RE PUB AND RACECOURSE?

By the way, James Anderson married Donald Stewart's daughter,ANNIE GRACE.

ANDERSON. Annie Grace. - On November 14, at her daughter's residence, 5 Grice crescent, Essendon, the dearly beloved wife of the late James Anderson, of Braeside, Keilor, and loving mother of James, Leslie, Florence (Mrs. Dawson, deceased). Donald, William, Gordon, Colin, and Janet (Mrs. Yates), aged 90 years 3 months. -Peacefully at rest.

ANDERSON. Annie Grace (of Braeside. Keilor). -On November 14, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. C. Yates. 5 Grice crescent, Essendon, wife of the late James Anderson, fond and devoted mother of Les, mother-in-law of
Phyllis, and loving grandmother of Marie, Lesley, Judith, and Stewart.' Our beautiful mother.
(P.16, Argus,15-11-1952.


James Anderson's father, William, had married Catherine Clark, as stated above,and her christian name was passed on for generations. It seems that the Ardmillan Rd resident, Catherine Anderson, was the sister of James, who called one of his daughters Florence Catherine. Catherine (nee Clark)died at Shelton, the former farm of John Beale who had moved to Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. The resident of Miss Morris's Blinkbonnie College in Ardmillan Rd (until 1894 according to directories)must have been the sister of James as his mother died in 1892.

Shelton was all of the land bounded by North Pole (Milleara) road, Clarks Rd, Rachelle Rd (named after one after John Beale's twins who both died of Diptheria)and Buckley St,except for the portion south of the Dinah Pde. corner and west of Quinn Grove.As stated earlier James was assessed on land other than Springbank and he was certainly the son on Shelton.

ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence,Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late
William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years. (P.1, Argus,12-9-1892.)

DAWSON -Sacred to the memory of our dear sister Florence Catherine, who passed to a higher life, September 28, 1931.
Three little words,
Forget me not,
They don't seem much
But they mean a lot.
-(Inserted by Colin and Donald Anderson,Keilor.)






David Yates is the third eldest of Josiah and Mary Ann. He married Bessey Smith, who was 17 years, at East Charlton, Victoria. Bessey being bought up with not much money signed her name with cross signaling that she could not write. Both the Yates family and the Smith family wrote false details on the wedding certificate. Bessey's mother Isabella who was the widow of John Smith and the wife of Theophilus Haylett gave her name as Isabella Smith not her married name Haylett which caused a lot of curiosity. Also David wrote that his father was a drover and his mothers maiden name was McGown instead of O'Connor. Although no officials caught them lying it was a big scandal in the town as no one new what was going on behind closed doors. David Yates was also the owner of the Keilor Racecourse Hotel and it was there that two of his young sons drowned in the creek. David and Bessey had a big family of eleven children. Their children are David William, Joseph John, Kenneth, Edward Humphries, Bessie Ellen, Sophia, John Smith, Clyde Stephen, Charles Adrian, Herbert and Thelma.
("YATES, KEILOR,RACECOURSE" SEARCH ON GOOGLE: MyMigrantStory: David Yates
hdhdh-izzy.blogspot.com/2011/04/david-yates.html‎)

It was just as well that David and Bessie Yates had a large family because they tragically lost three children in two years.

YATES.-On the 19th December, accidentally drowned, at Keilor, David and Joseph, the dearly beloved children of Mr. and Mrs. David Yates, of Racecourse-road, Keilor, aged respectively 10 years and 8 years.
(P.1, Argus,21-12-1896.)

YATES.On the 15th January, at her parents' residence, Racecourse Hotel, Keilor, Sophy, dearly beloved youngest daughter of David and Bessie Yates aged 15 months. (P.1, Argus, 17-1-1898.)



Racecourse Hotel, Keilor. Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 8 July 1915 p 2 Article ... Racecourse Hotel, Keilor. D. Milburn, a native a Keilor and a well-known resident, advertises that he has taken possession of the Racecourse course Hotel, Keilor, which has been carried on so favourably for the past 29 years by Mlr. D. Yates, and trusts, by strict attention to business and by ... 64 words

Keilor Sports Ground
The Keilor Sports Ground together with the Keilor Primary School site originally formed the Keilor racecourse.
(Source: KHS newsletter, September 2004)(Keilor Sports Club - Vicnet
home.vicnet.net.au/~khis/sports.html‎)

EXTRACT FROM MY "KEILOR HISTORICAL SOCIETY" JOURNAL.
APRIL, MAY 1998. Harrick's Cottage restoration became possible on 14-5-1998. Bulla Directory of 1868. (This includes landowners around Bulla but does not seem to include residents up Oaklands Rd; they would have been listed under Oaklands Junction. The Reddans were north of Dickins Corner -Melway 176 D7- one of their farms being "Holden View" and John Dickens (sic) on Coldingham Lodge south of the bend. Walter Clark of Glenara is listed but his neighbours to the south such as the Mansfields, Grays, Charles Farnes, the Ritchies etc would have been listed under Tullamarine. *One family with a connection to Keilor was the Tate family of "Pleasant Vale" (on Tullamarine Island north of George Randall), related by marriage to the Milburns. Some of the Wildwood Rd residents were the McAuliffes of "Wildwood", David Patullo of "Craig Bank" and John Fanning of Emu Flat. Edward Fanning's family still had "Sunnyside" south of the Loemans /Diggers Rest Rd junction in the 1990's and probably still owns it after over a century and a half of occupancy;See Kathleen Fanning's FANNING FAMILY website which has a good Bulla parish map.) Memories of old Keilor resident,William Johnston, which indicates that the Eldorado Hotel was later John Eagling's Waggoners' Arms and David Yates Racecourse Hotel on the west corner of Arabin St**. The Eldorado was run by Donald McDonald's father for some time; Donald wrote a nature column in The Argus.

(*A reference to James Anderson and Dugald Stewart of Fleetbank has been deleted for obvious reasons.)
(** The editor, Susan Jennison O.A.M., wrote some notes at the end of William Johnston's story,including this:
David Yates was a great sportsman and trainer of horses. He built a race track
at the rear of his hotel on the corner of Macedon and Arabin Streets, Keilor in 1888. At the age of 75 he was still winning harness races. He died in 1934 aged 82 years and is buried in the Keilor General Cemetery.)