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ON THE ROAD TO ECHUCA, VIC., AUST.

I've just returned from a holiday to Echuca, one of many I have enjoyed. The local historical societies may be interested in my observations. Echuca, Moama and the places on the two routes, via the Hume Freeway and the Calder Freeway, are packed with history and information about pioneers. Unfortunately the tourist booklet about Echuca/ Moama produced by the HISTORIC Riverine Herald, established by Henry Hopwood in 1863 (exact date shown in the Merool Holiday Park on one of the cabins recalling history) does little to make you feel at home. It lists the accommodation and eateries but there is no map to indicate where they might be. Therefore your first stop should be the excellent information centre accessed by a road, to the left just before you cross to Moama, which also leads to the historic port. They have a large, free map of Echuca/Moama. An inspection of historic buildings between the information centre and port, such as the brothel which the GENTLEMEN could visit via a shady lane without being seen, is fascinating.

The weather was unusually miserable but a stroll under verandahs, looking at the historic buildings, whose establishment and various uses are detailed brilliantly on plaques, was a great way to get out and about without getting soaked. The only trouble was finding out which streets offered such an opportunity, hence, get the map first up. It was great to read about the members of the historical society who got the national trust to assess Echuca's heritage value and pushed for restoration of the port. We discovered certain stretches of verandahs and historic buildings only by chance, but where was the main drag?

Interestingly, both Moama and Echuca were established by former convicts, James Maiden and Henry Hopwood respectively. Some local historians have been busy and the Wikipedia pages for both towns contain excellent historical information. There is also a sheet entitled HENRY HOPWOOD'S ECHUCA available from the information centre. Details presented on Wkipedia, and on the sheet, supplement that available on the other.

Just as you enter Merool Rd, there is a street on the right named Maiden Smith. Of course, I thought it was named after a pioneering woman but then I found out about Maiden's Punt, established well before Henry's. One of the old buildings was constructed by Henry and later owned by James McCulloch. Serious research can uncover links between any two places, such as Percy Hurren snoring in church in the Mallee, being postmaster at Moorooduc in 1950 and farming on Dalkeith and joining the Tullamarine Progress Association by 1951. (David Shepherd, descendant of the Somerville pioneer and Edward Jones of Moorooduc and his wife who came from the Mallee.) I wondered if James McCulloch was related to William* McCulloch of river boat fame who bought "Glenroy Farm" Melway 16 H2. (*Can't find my copy of BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY at the moment.)

I still can't find the book but luckily my Broadmeadows Shire Farms journal specifies that William McCulloch bought Glenroy Farm in 1874. This was, if I remember correctly, between Hilton St and Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and extended east to the east boundary of the Northern golf course. William's biog. in the Australian Dictionary of Biography makes little mention of James, but the entry for James by the same author, includes the following:
McCulloch, James (1841–1904)

by Samuel Clyde McCulloch

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974

James McCulloch (1841-1904), businessman, was the third brother of William McCulloch. Educated at Douglas Academy, Newton-Stewart, he migrated to Melbourne in 1863 and joined the carrying company named after and directed by William. James worked first in Castlemaine but early in 1865 was sent to Echuca to open a branch of the firm. Although capital and guidance came from the Melbourne headquarters, James's energy, persuasiveness and diplomacy helped him to negotiate contracts with squatters for the carriage of their wool clips. He also acquired a small fleet of riverboats and barges. The company soon commanded most of the forwarding business from stores and offices opposite the wharf. On 27 February 1867 James married Alice Bolton, only daughter of Henry Hopwood.

Of interest in the William McCulloch biography are the statements that he bought several (unnamed) farms near Melbourne and that he was responsible for the railway line to Deniliquin (McCulloch was also a founder and director of the Moama-Deniliquin railway, opened in 1876.) Glenroy Farm is not relevant to this journal but there is a lengthy article in my A LOT OF BULL ABOUT GLENROY journal about William's thoroughness in establishing the farm and his famed (Bates) shorthorn herd with much detail about lineage. See:
(The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912) Saturday 9 December 1882 p 1036 Article)

THE QUILT HOUSE AT COBRAM, AND OTHER TOWNS.
Echuca can be complimented on the aforementioned heritage plaques. I hope the same applied to the towns on either route which also boast a huge number of heritage buildings. Kilmore's stone hospital is magnificent as is
Heathcote's hotel currently being repainted. Returning via Bendigo we drove up the steep hill just past the Shamrock where (Dame Nellie or Lola Montez?) demanded that the bell be silenced, to see the sensational Roman Catholic cathedral.

Cobram could have one of the greatest non-heritage tourist attractions in Australia. Some towns have the Big Pineapple, the Bottle House etc., but I'm calling Sylvia's house the Quilt House and I had a go at convincing her to open it to tourists for the sake of her town. I am not an arty crafty person and hate craft markets, being a trash and treasure type, but I was in awe of her wall hangings and other decorations, both inside and outside her house. I had thought that Quilting involved making patchwork quilts but her wall hangings, of intricate design, covered almost every wall, the house, both inside and out, being a work of art.

Why was I so concerned about Cobram, which we visited to see our wives' old Red Hatter friend? She took us to Cobram's beach. A painting in the nearby restaurant, done by a local old timer,is a magnificent bush scene and the proprietor threatens not to let you leave until you spot the kangaroo and the two dogs in the scene. A bit of fun which provides the sort of tourist experience that lingers long after the holiday. After this task, I read a notice near the beach. Basically, it carried a warning similar to this.

Blue Green Algae
The Murray River is still safe to visit however do not injest the water between Hume Dam to near Swan Hill. There is a red alert issued for blue-green algae.

In other words, you can look at our greatest river but don't touch. Governments of any persuasion must maintain flows in our rivers!

I reckon a holiday in which you do things that you could easily do at home are a waste of time and money. Emphasising a town's history is one way to attract visitors who share this philosophy but unique experiences must be offered by wineries and restaurants to compete with those closer to home. Festivals are a good start!


SO THAT'S WHY JAMES McULLOCH LATER OWNED HOPWOOD'S BUILDING! THE TOP-HATTED PIONEER REMINDS ME OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER.
Hopwood, Henry (1813–1869)

by Susan McCarthy

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, (MUP), 1972

Henry Hopwood (1813-1869), founder of Echuca, was born in Bolton, Lancashire, England, son of Henry Hopwood, manufacturer, and his wife Mary, née Kelly. His bookshelves in later years suggest that he acquired at least a passing acquaintance with some Latin authors. On 11 December 1832 as a gilder in Liverpool he married a widow Fanny Wagdin (Walkden), née Roberts(?). On 8 March 1834 as a labourer he was convicted at the Lancaster Assizes for receiving stolen silk and sentenced to fourteen years' transportation.

Hopwood arrived at Hobart Town in the William Metcalfe on 4 September. For 'orderly conduct' he was made a police constable in February 1835. For breaching regulations by living with a woman not his wife in 1838 he was sentenced to a road-gang for a year. In May 1839 he 'aided and assisted' the abduction of his master's daughter and was sent to Port Arthur for two years. He received a ticket-of-leave on 22 December 1842 and rejoined the police. He was conditionally pardoned on 15 January 1846. In February 1844 he had submitted plans for supplying water to Launceston from the South Esk River. In 1845 he was 'an active, intelligent and well-disposed' clerk to a district constable's office but was denied a post in the public service when he applied in April 1846.

When his sentence expired Hopwood moved to Port Phillip and became overseer of boiling-down works on the Murray River near the future site of Echuca. When the works closed, he knocked together the huts, licensed them as the New Road Inn and had a punt for crossing the river. In 1853 when Francis Cadell and William Randell demonstrated the navigability of the river, Hopwood sent his plans for a town to Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe and, perhaps with prior knowledge, leased a section of the Wharparilla run, newly gazetted as the site for a future town. Early in 1854 the town of Echuca was surveyed and named, and the first land sales held in April. Hopwood was a keen bidder. He built his Criterion Hotel 'of iron and bits and pieces' where the Echuca Club now stands, and claimed that his new punt cost £1500. In January 1855 he became postmaster at Hopwood's Ferry; by March he had opened a butchery, bakery and boiling-down works and by November a large iron store. In 1856 his remarkable pontoon bridge spanned the Murray, and in 1857 he bridged the Campaspe River, his rights secured by a special Act. Later he built a brick store, organized a school, planted a vineyard, published a newsletter and in March 1859 opened the Bridge Hotel.

Hopwood's first wife died early in 1857, and in 1859 he married Charlotte Walters of Bendigo. After a brief retirement to St Kilda he returned to Echuca in August 1860 to run the Bridge Hotel. As patron of the town he was largely responsible for attracting Angus Mackay and James Joseph Casey to publish the Riverine Herald at Echuca in 1863. In 1864 he leased the Bridge Hotel to a manager and retired from public life, save for a blustering six months from August when he served on the Echuca Road Board. Aged 55 he died of typhoid on 1 January 1869. His daughter Alice, born in Tasmania about 1845, married James McCulloch in 1867 and died without issue in 1895.

Energetic and resilient, Hopwood's undisclosed conviction undoubtedly corroded his public self-confidence. He was noted for arrogant outbursts, stormy quarrels and petty disputes, but also for intense loyalty to friends and kindness to those he deemed needy.

6 comment(s), latest 7 months ago

ARTHUR BOYD AND THE RIGGS OF HINDHOPE IN ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Well, blow me down with a feather!
The Mornington Peninsula Shire has removed heritage protection from the Boyd Cottage at 62 Rosebud Pde. in Rosebud. Thanks a lot CONTEXT! The ROSEBUD FISHING VILLAGE cottages on crown allotments 21 and (then) 26 occupied by Evelyn Gough are long gone. I knew that Evelyn's mother was a Rigg but I never thought for a moment that she would be related to a Rosebud family of that name, and if I had, I wouldn't have dared to speculate that such was the case. Having regained my internet connection after months thanks to my son's efforts today, I was delighted to find the connection between the Boyds and Hindhope Villa (50 First Avenue, Rosebud)which is still standing but has no heritage overlay either.

Subject: Rose bud , Rigg ,Hindhope , Gough , Boyd
To: itellya
From: Westwood01
Date: 2016-02-22 04:35:15
Thank you so much for your journals they are very interesting . I read with interest re Gregory and Eleanor Rigg, my great grandparents who after many years at "Caulpaulin" on the darling river brought at Hindhope . Gregorys sister Evelyn Anna Walker Gough ( nee Rigg)( a wonderful women:suffragette, writer, Fabian , poet& penal reformer- her husband T.B Gough was a lieutenant on the "Cerberus " ) was the grandmother of Arthur Boyd (their youngest daughter was Doris Boyd ( nee Gough) , apparently Evelyn she had a holiday house there? or did she stay with the Rigg family ? , Arthur also spent much time on the peninsula . Do you have any photos of where they may have lived ? The family was devoted to the arts G.B Riggs son Colin Rigg was a great benefactor for the Victorian art gallery ( Colin & Cicely Rigg design prize).
My grandmother Rebecca Rigg was born in Tooradin, I have some photos of the family . My email is (DELETED.) Thanks again Amanda

If any people wish to get in touch with Amanda Fraser, private message your contact details to me and I will pass them on to her.

4 comment(s), latest 7 months, 1 week ago

HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF NAMES OF TRARALGON, VIC., AUST. AND STREETS AND TOWNS IN THE VICINITY.

Unfortunately, although the names of towns, suburbs and streets can recall much of the history of an area, their origins were never officially recorded. The surveyors of townships often named streets after military or naval heroes, surveyors and politicians or senior bureaucrats. Those who know their area's history well will recognise streets named after pioneers such as Alphabetical Foster and Dr Farquhar McCrae at Dandenong because the surname was used. However if these streets bore a christian name of these two holders of the Eumemmering Run, the names might have been John,Vesy,Leslie or Fitzgerald and Farquhar Streets, making their origins much harder to determine.

It was while I was looking for the following account of Traralgon's early history, The River of Little Fish*, which I had read some years ago while researching Edward Hobson, that I discovered another gem.
(* "The River of Little Fish"
www.traralgonhistory.asn.au/rolf.htm
An historical account of Traralgon, written for the boys and girls of the city. First published in 1970. Contents. Foreword - from the author William J. Cuthill.)

I take my hat off to the journalist who wrote the following in 1914. If only the editors of all local papers had shown the same initiative, there would be no need for the guesswork involved regarding the origins of subdivisional street names derived from christian names. I only know the origins of the street names at Tootgarook such as Alma, Guest, Raymond, Ronald and Doig because a woman rang me to tell me that her hairdresser at Canterbury had owned land there and I managed to get in touch with his son. If only all municipalities had been required to record such details about subdivision streets! That is what the journalist did.

TRARALGON NAMES.
The Historical Society of Aus-
tralia is at present engaged on an
investigation of the meaning and
history of place names which are
used throughout the States. Such
an inquiry is interesting, and will
afterwards be of great value to
future historians. But for our-
selves, it may be interesting to do
the same thing in a small way, and
to enquire as to the various names
which have grown up in connec-
tion with our town, and endea-
vour to find out how they came
into being, and if there is any
meaning which they are intended
to convey.
When and by whom the name
Traralgon was given to this local-
ity, I have been unable to find out,
but it was certainly given at a very
early period in the history of the
State. The earliest spelling of the
name is reported to be "Tarral-
gon," a slight variation of the
present form, and the word itself
(by those learned in these mat-
ters) is said to be a native. name
signifying the "river of little
fishes," while the neighboring and
equally familiar name of Loy Yang
is said to mean "big eels."
The great bulk of names which
grow up around a town are usually
in. connection with street names.
These are necessarily many in
number, usually of local origin,
and are frequently used as a means
of perpetuating the names of citi-
zens who have rendered good ser-
vice to the community, and are
considered worthy to be held in
remembrance. Many items of his-
tory are often gleaned from such
a source as this.
When and by whom the first
streets in Traralgon were named
is another question to which I am
unable to give a definite answer.
The oldest township plan available
is dated 1871. On that plan the
following names are printed: Fran-
klin, Seymour, Hotham Kay and
Grey. Possibly they were given by
the surveyor who laid out the
township many years before that
date. Merely as names, they are
very suitable, but they have no
local meaning or significance. Kay
street, as then applied, extended
from the west to the east boun-
dary of the township, and inclu-
ded what is now known as the
Rosedale Road.
The next christening of streets
took place in the latter part of
the seventies, but by whom the
ceremony was performed I have
not been able to discover. While
recently examining an official plan
of the township in the Lands of-
fice, I noticed that the streets
which are now known as Peterkin,
Campbell and Gwalia were named
on it Black, Moore and Bowen.
This was before the formation of
the Traralgon shire, and it was
not done on any recommendation
from the Rosedale shire. As the
Lands department was selling land
in those streets at the time, possi-
bly these names were also applied
by some official in that office. The
peculiar part of the affair is that
the names were recorded nowhere
but on the official plan of the
township, and as they have
not been published since, the na-
mes have been completely lost, and
at a later date the streets were
re-named by the Traralgon shire
council.
In 1884 the Traralgon council
took up the question of street na-
mes, this being the first time that
any local authority had ever taken
the matter in hand. By resolution
the following names were formally
adopted: Argyle, Mitchell, Church,
Breed, Princess, Peterkin, Mason,
Mill, Berry and Gwalia. Shortly
afterwards, but apparently without
any express authority, the follow-
ing were added: Campbell, Ser-
vice, Deakin, George, John, Munro
Flora and High. About the same
time Mr. Peterkin subdivided Loch
Park, named after the Governor of
that time, and the streets in it
received the names of their daugh-
ters: Ethel, Mabel and Olive.
It may be mentioned that Miss. O.
Peterkin's wedding was recently
reported in your columns. Mr.
Breed followed with the Ben Vue
subdivision to the streets of
which he gave the christian na-
mes of himself, his wife and son:
Henry, Ann and Albert. Henry
and Olive were for different por-
tions of the same street, and as it
soon became evident that to have
two names for one street was very
undesirable, the name of Olive has
been gradually dropped, and the
whole length of the street in ques-
tion is now known as Henry street.
Another subdivision at this per-
iod was the Hyde Park, by Mr.
F. C. Mason, to the streets of
which the names of his children,
Charles, Marie,and Rose were gi-
ven, although these names as yet
have not come into general use.
The Templeton Estate gave us
Bourke, Collins, Swanston and
Morrison, although only Collins
street now remains, the rest hav-
ing reverted into private occupa-
tion.
For a period of nearly twenty-
five years, no further action was
taken. The council then again
took up the matter, and formally
adopted the following: Hickox,
Dunbar, McColl, McLean, Living-
ston, Howitt, Bridge, Shakespere
and Tennyson. The Park subdivl-
sion added to the list: Burns, Gor-
don and Moore. Except for some
private subdivlsion names which
have been given since, this com-
pletes the catalogue.
Now, reviewing this list, and se-
lecting the names of those who
were at one time residents, we get
the following: Campbell, Peter-
kin, Breed, Mill, McLean, Mitchell,
Hickox, Dunbar, McColl and
Munro. Howitt may also be re-
garded as a local name, in recog-
nition of the late Dr. Howitt's long
connection with the district, as
a police magistrate. Mr. Munro,
as manager of the Bank of Austra-
lasia, was not a resident of long
standing, although he was a very
active and energetic citizen when
he was here. With this exception,
all the others are pioneer citizens,
with whom the history of Traral-
gon will ever be associated. Only
one of them, Mr. Mill, is still alive,
but in their day and generation
they well and worthily did their
part in the building up of the
town in which we live, and Tra-
ralgon to-day is reaping the fruit
of their labors. Now that they are
no longer with us, it is well that
their names should be perpretra-
ted in the way which has been
done.
Of political names we have Ser-
vice, Berry, Deakin, Mason and
Livingston, each of whom has ren-
dered the State some service, and
are entitled to remembrance.
Franklin, Seymour, Hotham and
Grey are names of officers in the
Imperial service, but who Kay is
in memory of I am unable to say.
The name has no connection with
E. Kay, who, later on, was a pro-
minent resident.
The number of streets having
christian names is large. We have
the Peterkin names, Ethel, Mabel
and Olive; the Breed names, Ann
Albert and Henry; and Mason na-
mes, Charles, Marie and Rose; and
these we can account for. But
where George, Flora and John
came from is uncertain. The name
Flora was given to the Rosedale
road, and never came into use;
George and John are small streets
on the east side of the creek; and
the names are rarely used.
Several names are descriptive of
the physical features of the streets
—as High, Church and Bridge, and
explain themselves.
Poetry is well represented, as
we have Shakespere, Tennyson,
Burns, Moore, and Gordon.
There are other names which
have no local or other significanice
that I know of, such as Gwalia.
Whence it came, or what it stands
for, I cannot say, but the name
Bowen originally applied, repre-
senting the Governor of that per-
iod, would have been better.
Generally, it may be said that
names have grown up here, as they
have in other parts, in a hapha-
zard and disconnected fashion.
Given at different tlmes, and by
different people, without any com-
mon policy, no other result could
be expected. But it is rather to be
regretted that greater use has not
been made of this means of recog-
nising the services which have
been rendered to the community
by public spirited citizens. Besides
those, whose names have already
been enumerated, there are others
who have taken an active part im
the building of the town, and has-
tening its onward progress. But
they are now fading out of re-
membrance, and their works are
being forgotten. Naming a street
is a very, simple, yet very effective,
way of keeping alive the memory
of those people the community
wishes to honor.
A few references may be made
to the over-use of names, Traral-
gon being one which is very much
overworked. In addition to the
Traralgon township, and Traral-
gon Creek, we have TraraIgon
West, Traralgon South and Upper
Traralgon Creek. The latter is
cumbersome and confusing, and
might very well be replaced by
something simpler. Now that the
district referred to as making great
progress with a school, public hall,
and regular postal communication,
it is worthy of having some dis-
tinctive name, which would be all
its own.
Flynn's Creek and Upper Flynn's
Creek is another instance of re-
petition, which confuses a stran-
ger, and is a frequent cause of
letters being misdirected. The lat-
ter name might well be superseded
by something shorter, and more
euphonious, and more appropriate
to the district.
A further instance is Jeeralang.
Originally, it was the name of a
parish only. Now that settlement
has progressed, and schools and
post offices establshed, we have
Jeeralang North, Jeeralang South
Jeeralang West and Jeeralang,
while Jeeralang road is applied to
several different places. Except to
anyone intimately acquainted with
the locality, it is confusing in the
extreme, and to correctly address
a letter is often a problem. It
would greatly simplify matters if
each separate centre, where a post
office or school has been establi-
shed adopted some separate name
of its own. (P.3, Gippsland Farmers Journal (Traralgon), 26-5-1914.)

DICTIONARY HISTORY OF PIONEERS, PROPERTIES AND EVENTS ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

DICTIONARY HISTORY OF PIONEERS AND PROPERTIES ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.

TO ENABLE A DECADE'S WORK TO BE COMPLETED WITHIN, HOPEFULLY, A YEAR, MOST OF WHAT I WRITE IS FROM MEMORY RATHER THAN LABORIOUSLY FINDING AND PASTING MY DETAILED FINDINGS INCLUDED IN COUNTLESS OTHER JOURNALS.

Entries for the following pioneers in the parish of Wannaeue have already been written in my journal PIONEERS OF THE PARISH OF WANNAEUE, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. and will not be repeated here. This earlier journal has a link for the parish map provided by janilye in comment 1 so that boundaries of properties, for which only a Melway reference is given here, can be more accurately determined. I have listed the pioneers about whom I've already written in the other journal here so that I don't have to remember to refer you to the Wannaeue journal in each individual entry. (WEST TO EAST) PURVES, SULLIVAN, BLAIR W.A., PAGE, WHITE G., STENNIKEN, TRUEMAN, ROWLEY,RUSSELL, WILLIAMS, CRISPO, LOVIE, FORD, CRIPPS (Back Road Bob Cairns and Robert Henry Adams re trespass), ROBERTS.

Fairly extensive details of members of pioneering Dromana families buried in Dromana cemetery (and some that are not) are given in my journal CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS (FROM TROVE) AT DROMANA CEMETERY , VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA WITH BIOGS OF DECEASED. There are too many to list here and I cannot undertake to mention in entries below that the family is discussed in the chronology.


N.B. References are made to my posts in a Facebook history group. These posts will be either copied into the journal or become separate family tree circles journals. Pioneers near Somerville are discussed fairly extensively in my journal SOMERVILLE AND ITS PIONEERS and may not be included in this journal.

About counties and parishes.
Although I will be providing Melway references for the pioneers' grants,some boundaries cannot be indicated because Melway has true north and parish maps have magnetic north. Thus original N-S Government roads run from 1 o'clock to 7 o'clock in Melway and both side and back boundaries of crown allotments are also diagonal, not following the grid (letters and numbers.) By the way, Melway (except in Key and touring maps) has a scale of 1mm to a chain and 8cm to a mile.

THE COUNTIES, BOURKE AND MORNINGTON.
How far north the county of Bourke extends has not been determined but my research into David Mairs showed that it included the parish of Blackwood between Ballan and Trentham. It included land on the other side of the Yarra as far south as the Mordialloc Creek where it adjoined the county of Mornington. When the Mornington Standard was established, many readers objected to it being named after just one town, but the publishers pointed out that the name derived from the county which included its entire circulation area, the whole peninsula and farther east.(See map in the COUNTY OF MORNINGTON, VICTORIA wikipedia entry.)

PIONEERS, PROPERTIES AND EVENTS.
ADAMS Henry Everest.
(Much detail is included here because it is available nowhere else except in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook, accessed in late 2010.)
Henry Everest Adams was born at Ramsgate, Kent, in 1816 and christened at Gravesend, Kent on 11-12-1818. Family folklore held that he was the son of Lord Vivian but the connection with this aristocrat, resulting in the use of Vivian as a given name and a slight variation, Vivyan, to name the vineyard, more likely involved the conveying of supplied to aid Lord Vivian's military campaigns.
Having become a ship's captain, on one of his visits to England Henry Everest Adams "married" Miss May of Kent, known to some relatives as Polly.(A descendant's account, no doubt recounting what she had been told.)
Captain Adams' year of arrival in Rosebud is very uncertain but beyond doubt his family can claim to be the oldest residents of Rosebud. It appears that for services rendered, he was given a lease by the N.S.W.government of crown allotment 20, Wannaeue,between Adams Creek (The Avenue) and the line of Parkmore Ave. backing onto today's freeway, which had been earmarked as a future village of Wannaeue, part of which was alienated much later in 1870. All of this land south of South Road was bought by the captain and his son, Robert Henry, perhaps as a sort of pre-emptive right. By 1864 the captain had bought crown allotment 19 of 191 acres between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue from his good friend Isaac White, who had probably selected the land in the early 1850's as a dummy for the captain. In that first alphabetical assessment of the Kangerong Road Board his name appeared first in Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean. (Message me if you want the exact acreage and location of his properties.)
With no banks in the area, Captain Adams helped residents who needed a loan.
In August 1878 gave a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings to William Edwards, farmer of Dromana, that was to be repaid with interest on 30-6-1880. On 3-5-1880 he gave Rosebud fisherman, Antonio Bosina, a loan of 20 pounds, security being the latter's fishing boat, Lily.
Robert Henry Adams married Mary Jane Hopcraft ( "gentlewoman" given as her occupation) in 1873, his age stated as 28 and hers as 19. Robert was born at Swan River (Perth) in about 1846 so this part of the marriage certificate seems reasonably accurate. It is certain that Robert fudged the details of his parents' marriage because they were actually married in St James Cathedral, Melbourne in 1855!
Soon, Robert's wife was refusing to live with the Captain any longer. The family folklore is that he insisted in giving his children a taste of the produce of his Vivyan Vineyard, which was on crown allotment 17, along with an extensive orchard. On 15-2-1875, Robert obtained a crown lease of the 19 acre part 6A of crown allotment 20 and on 1-12-1881 he was issued a licence to occupy 44 acres which had to be 32D Wannaeue (Melway 171 A3.)
But on 15-12-1877, Robert was applying to occupy the surveyed crown allotment 69 section A, Balnarring (Melway 190 E9-10) which just happened to be between the Balnarring grants of her father, William, and the Wannaeue grant of her brother, John. Here they were safely away from the Captain's terrible influence. A few years later, Captain Adams sold his 36 acres just downhill from today's Pindara Rd and moved to South Melbourne to live with his friends, the Mullens, allowing Robert and Mary to move into Hopetoun House.
The births of several children were registered at Tootgarook. This should not be taken as an indication that Robert had moved there. Dromana would have seemed the logical place to register the births, being closer, but perhaps Robert had some reason to do it at Rye. Perhaps he had burnt lime on his father's 56 acres at 157 C12 as a boy and used the task as an opportunity to catch up with old friends.
Henry Vivian Adams born 1874 (registered at Dromana), married Sarah Ann Heaton Morgan at Mornington in 1897. Their first child, Myrtle Vivian Annie was the mother of Harvey Marshall.
Mary Emma was born in 1876 (Dromana) and died the same year.
Eva Helen Mary , born 1877 Dromana, married Andrew Dunk in 1902.
Emma Flora, b. 1880 Dromana, married George Freeman in 1903 at Dromana.
Mary Jane was born 1882 at Dromana and married Thomas Hall.
Births all registered at Tootgarook.
Mary Helen b.1884 married Ernest Lester Harvey in 1907.
Robert William b.1886 married a Pain girl, then a Hall girl.
Sarah Mabel Adams b.1889, known as Mabel, married Keith McGregor.
Edith Rosa b.1891 married William Reeves in 1914.
The Adams family engaged in many occupations on their Rosebud land as well as farming and running a guest house named after the Governor, Lord Hopetoun who often stayed there. There was a blacksmith's forge and a brick kiln; Robert Henry Adams donating 10 000 bricks used in the construction of St Mark's Angican Church, Dromana. Robert Henry's occupation was given as one time as tanner and this could have been why Wattle Rd got its name, although wattle stripping probably started much earlier, in the 1850's.
From about 1905, relationships soured between Robert Henry Adams and Back Road Bob Cairns of Fernvilla on the opposite side of the road to Cape Schanck (the freeway.) I refer to the animosity as SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD because it was started by R.Cains diverting stormwater into R.H.Adams land , flooding it, and the latter's response flooding the "Hobson's Flat road". It culminated in an assault with shovel charge being laid against R.H.Adams by Back Road Bob and his son, Godfrey.

ADAMS James Smith.
James Smith Adams - Pioneer Graves in the Mornington ...
www.morningtoncemetery.com/...C…/Adams.../Adams-family.shtml

ALBRESS
Antonio Albress was a pioneer of the Mornington Peninsula in ...
www.familytreecircles.com/antonio-albress-was-a-pioneer-of-…...
ALBRESS/ BENNETT/ MCINTYRE CONNECTIONS, THE NORTH QUEENSLAND ...
www.familytreecircles.com/mrs-antonio-albress-did-not-die-h…...

ALLISON
My summary of William's biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.
VOLUME 2.
P. 390.
ALLISON, William. Born 1861 Mornington. Spent 2 years running a small vessel between Mornington and Melbourne, eight and a half years as a blacksmith, then drove the Mornington-Dromana coach until some time ago when he married and took to conducting the Arthurs Seat Hotel, the property of his wife.

Comment. After her husband's death, Catherine Wainwright applied to have the hotel licence transferred to her but as she was the executrix, there was no need to do so. The next year the same woman was running the hotel but now her name was Catherine Allison. There was also a Boag-Wainwright marriage and the two grandmothers of a young Wainwright lad who died circa 1910 were Mrs Allison and Mrs Boag.

ALMOND BUSH STUD.
Alfred Jones was one of the three Canadians who gave Canadian Bay near Mt Eliza its name. When the firewood business became less lucrative because of increased competition, he leased land at Baxter's Flat before buying land in the parish of Tyabb to establish his farm of this name.

THIS DAY
At Twelve O'Clock
SOMERVILLE
Six Miles from Frankston
THE ALMOND BUSH STUD
G.A.BYRNE has received instructions from Alfred Jones, Esq , to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION at his residence, as above, The whole of the Almond Bush Stud, Consisting of
50 useful well bred carriage and light harness horses about 30 unbroken, three and four years old, by L L
and Moonbeam, also 50 fat crossbred sheep and a pure bred bull.
Luncheon provided. Terms Cash.
G.A.Byrne, Main street, Mornington
N B -Train leaves Prince s bridge for Frankston 7 .30 a.m.(P.3, Argus, 24-1-1883.)

Almond Bush St., Somerville (Melway 107 J12) led to the farm, whose use is indicated by the items in the clearance sale. Alfred's grants were c/a 5 of 221a. 0r. 37p. bounded by the diagonal section of Lower Somerville Rd, Baxter-Tooradin Rd and Ingersoll Rd, and c/a 5A of 48 acres, being the parts of Melway 107J 7-8 on the south west side of Lower Somerville Rd.

Peggy Gage told me that her family later had Alfred's property.

ARKWELL
Red Hill's football ground and today's Lindenderry at Red Hill are located on part of John Arkwell's grants, 12AB, Kangerong, whose north west corner was where Arkwells Lane met White Hill Rd at the top of Melway 190J2.

When Heredford-born John Arkwell arrived in 1854, Hannah was only nineteen;
Hannah (nee Lewis) had pushed the future King's pram for the Queen.
Emily, Alice and Walter B. were born while John ran a plant nursery
On the site where Abbotford nuns later said their Rosary. (1)

John bought his Red Hill grants between Arkwells and Andrews Lane
In 1862, and while clearing for an orchard never did complain.
He was the pioneer in the growing of Red Hill's famed strawberries;
Flower-growing also becoming an Arkwell expertise.(2)

Ern, Herb, Clara and Percy were born at Red Hill (1)
And with their older siblings worked with a will.
Their 20 acre orchard was well-kept, probably the best,(2)
And the growing of blooms would allow little rest.

By 1900 John had finished his duty,
And left Red Hill of mountainous beauty.
And Hannah,his longtime mate,
Administered John's estate.

South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 28 February 1900 Edition: WEEKLY. p 2 Article
Letters of administration have been granted in the estates of John Arkwell, late of Red Hill, Dromana, gardener, to Hannah Arkwell. widow, of same place;
(1) The Red Hill by Sheila Skidmore. (2)Around Red Hill(P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-8-1902.)

ASSENDER, George.
Scurfield's hotel was Dromana's first hotel, being operated in 1858 by Richard Watkin who established the Dromana hotel in 1862. It burnt down in early 1898, then known as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. George Assender renamed the hotel circa 1874 when he obviously bought the hotel, between Permien and Foote Sts, from the assignee of the insolvent estate of William Dixon Scurfield. During the next decade, George was prominent in community affairs, such as the establishment of the Union Church. Information about George before and after this decade is provided below.

FROM MY "HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA" JOURNAL.
William Dixon Scurfield was in financial trouble again although his assets were greater than his liabilities.

NEW INSOLVENTS......Wm. Dixon Scurfield, Dromana, licensed victualler. Liabilities, £479; assets, £650.
(P.14, Advocate,Melbourne, 25-4-1874.)

It was George Assender who renamed the pub as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. I wonder where George had been before he took over the Scurfield Hotel. Find out under the hotel's new name, THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL..........

THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.
George Assender had taken over the Scurfield Hotel by September 1874 and ran it for over a decade but little mention was made of him in Dromana's current written history, except in connection with the Union Church.

George Assender was born on 17-10-1834 in Southwark,Surrey, England to James Joseph Assender (born at the same place in 1804) and Ruth (nee Everett) who died in 1841 aged 37.
(George Assender b. 17 Oct 1834 Southwark, Surrey ...
https://red1st.com/axholme/getperson.php?personID=I480088356...)

George Assender's death notices tally with a birth in 1834 and also supplies a link to the articles below. There is no mention of George's daughter Isabella whose piano was mentioned in George's insolvency meeting in 1885.

ASSENDER. On the 15th inst., at his daughter's residence, Blairmore, Gertrude-street, Windsor, George, the beloved husband of Grace Assender,late of Dromana, aged 60 years.
ASSENDER. On the 15th inst., at his daughter's residence, Mrs Jones, Windsor, the loving father of Janie Ford, Lucy Hall, and Annie Assender, of Albert-park, at the age of 60, after a short illness. (P.1, Argus,16-3-1895.)

MESSAGES TO THE DIGGINGS, &c.
MR. J. ASSENDER, of Hindmarsh.
Your Wife is very anxious concerning you, only having had two letters from you, the last being dated the 4th September. All well at home. (P.4,Adelaide Observer, 10-12-1854.)
N.B. J.Assender had left Adelaide for Melbourne aboard the Asia on 24-1-1852. (P.2, South Australian Register,26-1-1852.)

A Second Charge. The same prisoner was then charged with stealing a prayer-book, value one shilling,the property of Joseph Assender, now at Melbourne.
(Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 25 November 1854 p 7 Article)

WILLIAM SMITH, of Adelaide, lately engaged on the Argus newspaper, will oblige by writing to Mr. G. Assender, care of Lewis and Nickrison*(sic), Rushworth, as his mother and sister are anxious to hear of his whereabouts.
(P.8,Argus,10-6-1856.)
N.B. There was still an Assender presence in Rushworth in 1952,the birth being reported in a South Australian newspaper.

The correct spelling would seem to be Nickinson; James Nickinson and George Assender may have been cousins. NICKINSON. On the 19th November, 1892, at the residence of her son-in-law, Fernbank-villa, South Wimbledon, Surrey, England, Jane Assender, the dearly-beloved mother of James M. Nickinson, of Shepparton, Victoria, aged 80 years. A conscientious Christian woman, whose constant care was that her children should be brought up to fear the Lord. (P.1, Argus, 2-1-1893.)

On the 23rd September, at Whroo*, Victoria, by the Rev. Theodore Budd, George Assender, late of Adelaide, to Grace Menzies, of Perth, Scotland.(P.6,South Australian Register, 11-10-1858.)
(*Another notice,in The Argus, stated that George and Grace were both residents of Whroo,near Goulburn.)

Appointments to committees of Common Schools:......Kingstown : Frank Baker, Thomas Young, Emile Huide, Joseph
Emmott, James M. Nickenson, George Assender. (P.5, The Age, 27-5-1865.)

WANTED, a TEACHER, for Common School,Kingstown. Apply Geo. Assender, P.O., Kangaroo Ground.
(P.1, Argus, 18-2-1870.)

INQUESTS.
Mr. Candler held an inquest on the 11th inst. at Eltham, on the body of George Moore, aged 33 or 34 years, a horse dealer.
On Wednesday evening the deceased was at Kangaroo-ground, Nilumbik, Eltham, in company with a storekeeper named Assender,and, as both were going to Kingston, the latter, on meeting deceased advised him to drive his vehicle behind Assender's cart, and he would be all right. Assender started, but the night was so dark that he could not tell whether the other followed......(P.6, Argus, 14-8-1871.)

SCHOOL BOARDS OF ADVICE.
ELTHAM
The election for the north riding of the shire of Eltham comprising Kangaroo ground and St Andrews came off on Thursday, and resulted in the return of Messrs Contie, E H Cameron, Robert Smith, Jas.Johnston, and George Assender. (P.5, Argus,7-7-1873.)

George was off to Dromana soon after he was re-elected to the Board of Advice. Within a few years of arriving,he was well-regarded enough to be appointed to the building committee of the proposed Union Church in 1877 and as a trustee of the church in 1878. (P.114-115 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

However by 1885 George had become insolvent.His daughter Isabella is not mentioned in George's death notice. However Isabella had become Mrs Jones, and it was at her house that George died.
(Assender Isabella Grace Jones - Melbourne South
www.ancientfaces.com ⺠History ⺠Jones Family)

George's widow,Grace,also died at Isabella's home.

ASSENDER. On the 22nd October, at the residence of her daughter, Gertrude-street, Windsor, Grace, relict
of the late George Assender, aged 76.(P.1,The Prahran Telegraph,30-10-1909.)

ASSENDER.-The Friends of the late Mrs.GRACE ASSENDER are respectfully informed that her remains will be interred in the St. Kilda Cemetery.The funeral will leave her residence, "Blairmore," Gertrude street, Windsor, THIS DAY (Saturday, 23rd inst.), at 11 a.m.(P.13, Argus,23-10-1909.)
N.B. George was also buried at St Kilda Cemetery. Grace is not on the late Gary Batt's index.Perhaps there was no inscription for Grace.

An adjourned examination was held in the estate of George Assender, of Dromana hotelkeeper, Mr Braham appearing for the trustee.
George Assender, the insolvent, was further examined in detail respecting the circumstances under which a quantity of furniture, a piano, and some household goods were removed from his hotel to Mrs, Kittle in South Melbourne, a few days before sequestration.

Isabella Assender, daughter of the insolvent, also examined, stated that she bought the piano which had been removed, and paid for it with her own money which she had obtained for wages and in gifts from visitors to the hotel. She was not at the hotel when any of the goods were removed, and knew nothing about the removal. Mrs Kittle had not told her that the goods had been seized by the assignee. The examination then closed. (P.3,Argus,15-5-1885.)

By 1886, Horatio and Catherine Wainwright were running the Arthurs Seat Hotel and following Horatio's death, Catherine married William Allinson. (See ALLINSON entry.) Charles Brown was the licensee when the hotel burnt down. (You'd reckon that Snoopy would have alerted Charlie before the fire got out of hand!)


ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL (formerly Scurfield's.) See the ASSENDER and SCURFIELD entries.
The old-established Arthur's Seat Hotel, containing about 20 rooms, was demolished by fire on Sunday morning.
The licensee, Mr Charles Brown, was aroused from his slumbers by the screeching of a parrot caged in the
house. On proceeding to ascertain the cause he was met by volumes of dense smoke. He at once alarmed the inmates, but despite the strenuous efforts on the part of Mr Brown and several residents the building was burned to the ground. The Misses Brown showed commendable presence of mind in rescuing the horses from the stable. A piano, sewing-machine, several bedsteads and bedroom furniture were saved, also the conveyances ,and harness. The stabling and a detached building containing two rooms escaped the ravages of the fire. The building and furniture were purchased some four years ago by Miss Anketell of Melbourne, and were insured.
(DROMANA. Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 28 April 1898 p 3 Article)


BACHLI
Doug Bachli won the British Open Golf Championship in 1954, the first Australian to do so. Doug and his father ran the Rosebud Hotel for a decade. During his father's illness, Doug was managing the family's stud in Harrisons Rd, Dromana as well as the hotel. As a result, Doug hardly stepped onto a golf course but maintained his form by practising on Rosebud's footy ground on the foreshore, a short chip shot away from the pub. See my journal: HERITAGE WALK, ROSEBUD and HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA for extensive detail.

BALDRY
Google BALDRY, "WILDWOOD" and you'll get plenty of information. See the Baldry grants by googling FLINDERS, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON and WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.


BENNETT A.E.
Alfred Ernest Bennett was a pioneer in the parish of Balnarring on the east side of Red Hill Rd. He owned Kent Orchard but when he married, he moved to Seven Oaks, the next property north, renting Kent Orchard to John (Peter) Shand. Bennett was a true Good Samaritan, raising the plight of the Connell family of Red Hill.

FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. BALNARRING.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 10 December 1896 p 3 Article
... wants of the family of William Connell, on whose behalf Mr A. E. Bennett made his appeal.

Mr A. E. Bennett, who arrived at his residence, " Seven Oaks Farm," Red Hill, a few days ago with his bride, was tendered a musical evening by his numerous friends. The music was chiefly instrumental and many striking and original selections were rendered on a dozen bullock bells and an equal number of kerosene tins.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 22-11-1902.)

BENT Tommy (Gomm, Huntley)
Tommy Bent's biography is on the internet but it won't include the three wishes he granted to Henry Gomm. He grew up in the parish of Moorabbin as did Somerville's Henry Gomm. Tommy looked after his mates, three of his favours being the posting of the young station master, Graf, to Ascot Vale Station,the siting of Somerville station just over Jones Rd from Henry's "Glenhoya" and, as Premier, opening the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Show.
John Huntley Snr. was at Brighton and also established Hillside Orchard on 15A Kangerong. John's sister or daughter (take too much time to check)married Tommy, being his first wife. A full sized portrait of Tommy in full regalia hangs in the Safety Beach lounge room of the grandson of John Huntley Snr.

BLAIR Dr.J.
One of Melbourne's most prominent doctors, Dr.John Blair, bought "Villa Maria" built by a Catholic politician, in about 1873 and renamed it "Blairgowrie". Sorrento East was eventually renamed after the house. Dr. John was not one of those who considered aborigines to be intellectually inferior! (See BLAIR, Lani.)

BLAIR Lani.
Dr John Blair was convinced that aborigines were just as intelligent as white people and adopted two aboriginal boys from Queensland. The first one died during his passage south so John adopted a second one taken from his mother's breast after she had been shot, apparently during a reprisal. He was named after the doctor's long-serving Indian butler, and though Mrs Blair was not (according to one account) keen about the adoption, she became very affectionate to the boy.
Lani lived near Fitzroy and at "Blairgowrie" so there are accounts about him from two Fitzroy residents and in Jack Ritchie's history of Blairgowire (sic.)
BLAIR.—On the 16th January, at 17 Crimea street, St. Kilda, Lani Mulgrave Blair, dearly loved adopted Queensland aboriginal boy of the late Dr. Blair, of Collins-street, and M. Blair. He heard the voice of Jesus say, "Come unto Me
and rest." A peaceful and happy death. (P.1, Argus, 1900.)
THE LETTERS FROM FITZROY-
MRS. BLAIR'S ABORIGINE. AN EXPERIMENT IN ETHNOLOGY.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 5 April 1930 p 10 Article
Blairgowrie: Blairgowire History (Jack Ritchie)
rosevilleblairgowrie.blogspot.com/…/blairgowire-jack-ritchi…
For another 30 years, Sorrento and Blairgowrie were left to the Bunerong tribe aborigines. ..... There is in existence a photograph of Mrs. Blair with Lani.
More letters with extra information about Lani's accomplishments, the cause of his death and a different version of Mrs Blair's attitude to the adoption.
The Potter's Wheel Craftsmanship of an Ancient Art
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 22 March 1930 p 10 Article Illustrated

BLAIR W.A.
William Allison Blair apparently came out with a brother, James, who was a hatter at Fitzroy, married with young children, who seems to have just disappeared in the 1860's, his wife's subsequent children carrying the surname Simpson-Blair according to the JAMES BLAIR journal on Family Tree Circles.

C.N.Hollinshed has mangled the name of the property that W.A. established at Essendon. Ngarveno was John Davies' property south of the Moonee Valley Racecourse site and McNae's. The following marriage notice gives the name of W.A.'s property on the north side of Buckley St, Essendon which later housed Essendon Technical School.

BLAIR—PECK.—On the 12th inst., at St. John's Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Alexander Stewart,M.A., William Allison, elder son of W. A. Blair, of Netherlea, Essendon, to Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J. M. Peck, of Lebanon, Pascoevale. (P.1, Argus, 26-4-1888.)

You might wonder what this chatter about Essendon has to do with the Mornington Peninsula. Guess what W.A. Jnr. called the house built by Peck for the newlyweds!
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 6 February 1889 p 1 Family Notices
... . BLAIR. —On the 28th ult., at Wannaeue, Pascoevale, the wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son*.
(*The son may have been W.A.3,who was killed in W.W.1.

Along the Port Phillip coast from Boundary (Canadian Bay) Road to Point Nepean were the parishes of Moorooduc, Kangerong, Wannaeue and Nepean, separated by Ellerina/Bruce Rd, roughly Latrobe Pde (N-S) and Government Rd/Weeroona St. From the 1860's, Blair, a lime merchant bought many grants near Rye in the parish of Nepean and all the land in the parish of Wannaeue north of Hiscock Rd between Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd that later became the Woyna Estate. Thus he eliminated competition from limeburners whose kilns were on many of those crown allotments. He had several limecraft which conveyed the lime to Little Dock near Spencer St.

Near the site of Sorrentothere was fierce competition between Charles Gavan Duffy and Blair to select land, especially in 1869 when each accused the other of using dummies. There was no conclusive proof of which had the more valid claim on a particular selection so Sidney Smith Crispo suggested (as he claimed) that a village be created on that land. It was and the village and suburban blocks at Sorrento sold like hot cakes, those who missed out turning to Manners-Sutton/ Canterbury for a block.
(SP.ECIAL LAND COMMISSION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1869 p 6 Article

MR COPPIN AND SORRENTO. TO THE EDITOR.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 1 June 1899 p 3 Article)

The opening of quarries at Lilydale by such as the future Dame Nellie Melba's father, lessened demand for lime from the peninsula (and possibly near Geelong where Blair was also involved, as recently discovered.) Rye was only saved by the demand for ti tree firewood to heat the ovens of Melbourne. Blair had also bought good farming land at the eastern end of Wannaeue but like most speculators, he became insolvent in the 1890's depression and his Rosebud West land was snapped up by Hiscock's Tootgarook Land Co. Blair moved from Netherlea to Solomon's old farm on the site of the Medway Golf Course. His son had moved to Mernda and as stated earlier.W.A.3 was killed in W.W.1.

BLAKEY
Charles Blakey was a poundkeeper at Somerton who invested in land at Rosebud and Broadford. Crown allotment 18 Wannaeue, consisting of a tad over 152 acres, was bounded by the line of Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd, Jetty Rd and the beach road. He had subdivided it by 1871 but the only portion he managed to sell was lot 86* on the FJ'S corner.This consisted of 2 acres and the rest of c/a 18 was assessed as 150 acres. (*So described on a sketch of title on the memorial of a loan of 128 pounds from Captain Henry Everest Adams to William Edwards, farmer of Dromana.)

Charles died in about 1874 and his executors sold c/a 18 to Robert White. When Robert's son, Blooming Bob White, sold c/a 18 to the Lake brothers, they unsuccessfully tried to evict Jack Jones from his store. The case revealed many of the details above.
LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

BLAKELY
BLAIRGOWRIE (Villa Maria)
BOAG
BOSINA A.
BOURNE (MOOROODUC)
BOYD (FLINDERS)
BOYD (ROSEBUD) Artist.
BRADDY H. Teacher, Rosebud State School.
Mr.H . Braddy, head teacher of the Yundool State school for the past thirteen years, has been transferred to Rosebud,, near Dromana. Prior to his departure he was presented with a Gladstone bag by the school children.
(P.7, The Age, 20-1-1902. TUNGAMAH.)
BRADY
See BRADY OF MOUNT EVERGREEN post.
BRIGHT Chas.
Charles married the daughter of Sir John Manners Sutton (who, while he was Governor, became Viscount Canterbury causing a name change for Sidney Smith Crispo's private village on the west side of Canterbury Jetty Rd.) For some time, Charles lived in Beleura at Mornington, later leasing the property (referred to only as the Bright estate) to others. See Val Wilson's Pioneer Graves in the Mornington Cemetery website.
BRIGHT (Main Ridge)
BRIGHT (Tootgarook.)
BRINDLE
BROCKHOFF
BROWN C. (1898)
BROWN James L.
BUCHER
BUCKLEY

BUS BAN, the.
While the area west from Rosebud could be reached on horseback,passing Anthony's Nose via the old Cape Schanck or along the beach at low tide, either route a difficult option for bullock drays, most transporting of goods and passengers from Melbourne was done by small craft although Charles Graves (till 1860) and later Benji Shaw hawked goods such as drapery and the willow-patterned plates that so etched their way into Norm Hall's memory,to isolated homesteads. Lime craft, which later carried 2 foot 6 inch lengths of firewood to fire the ovens of Melbourne's bakers, provided a regular service between places such as Rye but sailing conditions caused delays, the school there waiting weeks for fencing materials as detailed in Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667.

The Kangerong Road Board from 1864 and the Flinders Road Board from 1869 built bridges and made the tracks a bit more like roads, but the provision of piers at Dromana and Sorrento which could accommodate steamers,and the extension of the railway to Mornington circa 1889 made travel from the city easier. From about 1913 the Country Road Board, whose chairman William Calder owned "Four Winds" at Red Hill greatly improved the roads, which had provided a very jolty ride to the Mornington railhead with such as Jimmy Williams and Carrier Harry Cairns.

In about 1920, Keith McGregor introduced motorised transport to Frankston Station where trains left more regularly than at Mornington. Many others did the same but due to poor connections at Frankston, they extended their runs directly to Melbourne. As they were depriving the railways of revenue, the commissioners requested the government to prevent the carriers from going any farther than Frankston Station.

What happened? Read my journal: SPENCER HUGH JACKSON AND THE BUS BAN (MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.)


CAIN
CAIRNS
CAMPBELL (Pier, hotel 1873)
CANTERBURY
CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
CLEINE
CONNELL
COTTIER
COYLE Dan. and Granny
CRAIG AVON LANE
CRICHTON
CREEK NAMES
CRISPO S.S.

"CUMBRAE", Tyabb.
See the McKIRDY entry.
Alexander Stewart McKirdy
Born in Buteshire, Scotland on 1824 to James Mckirdy and Barbara McKirdy. Alexander Stewart married Emily Norkett and had 9 children. He passed away on 26 Feb 1896 in Tyabb, Victoria, Australia.

No clue about the origin of the farm name there so this extract from the Wikipedia page for County of Bute might help. "Buteshire was also a local government county of Scotland with its own elected county council from 1890 to 1975. The council area comprised a number of islands in the Firth of Clyde, between the local government counties of Argyll and Ayrshire, the principal islands being Bute, Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae. The county town was Rothesay, located on the Isle of Bute."


Tuesday, January 30.
At Three O'Clock In Rooms, Queen's Walk, 72 Swanston street, Melbourne
Under instructions from THE UNION TRUSTEE CO. of AUSTRALIA LTD.,333 Collins street, Melbourne, to Wind up the estate of A. S. McKIRDY, deceased.
Realising Auction of the Well-known Property, "Cumbrae," Being Crown Allotment 58. Parish of Tyabb, County of Mornington, containing 223 ACRES, Situate 3 Miles from the Railway Station and Cool Store at TYABB, In the pick of the famous orchard district of the Mornington Peninsula, and fronting WESTERNPORT BAY,"Cumbrae" is at present used as a mixed farm. About 15 acres are in orchard mostly full bearing, comprising Jonathan apples, pears, plumbs and apricots &c.

About 50 acres are rich flats, mostly cultivated, and the balance is good fruit land, partly cleared. The whole is fenced and subdivided into 6 paddocks, watered by tanks and dams. The buildings comprise a 6-roomed W.B. house stables &c, The property is well adapted for subdivision into orchard, garden farm, and residential blocks. Having two* road frontages.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-1-1917.)
(* The now closed 3788 links or 758 metres of Denham Rd to the coast, and a frontage northward of 3676 links or 738 metres on McKirdys Rd. The eastern half of Cumbrae had an additional depth of 200 metres indicated by the southern three quarters of Melway 149 G-H11.) Crown allotment 56A, also granted to J.McKirdy,and extending another 198 metres farther north on the west side of Whitneys Rd was not part of the advertised land.

Alexander must have selected the land some time after 1875 when his last child was born at Dunolly.


DAVEY, Henry Pearce.
Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill, was regarded as the life and soul of the area. ARTICLE!!!!!!!!!!!!! Here's how his name came about. (P.S. I'm not related to any of the people that I write about unless I say so!)
Hi
You may well already have this information by now...

"The Mercury
Tuesday 8 October 1872
DAVEY-PEARCE
On the 18th September, at St John's Church, New Town,[Hobart, Tasmania] by the Rev. F. H. Hudspeth, Thos. J. Davey, of Melbourne, to Mary Ann, second daughter of Mr. Alderman Pearce."
Alderman Pearce's name was Henry. Mary Ann was called Polly.
Hence your ancestor named Henry Pearce Davey!
Cheers
Sarah

See Forest Lodge article for location.

DAVIES John
DOWNWARD
DROMANA
DUFFY
DUSANTO
eastbourne
EATON, B and W.
ECCLESFIELD

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EVENTS.
See BUS BAN, The;

DEVASTATION AT DROMANA.
BUSH FIRES (Continued)
DAMAGE AT DROMANA
Sweeping down upon the township of Dromana before a 40 mile-an-hour wind, a fierce fire destroyed 43 houses and sent hundreds of residents and holiday-makers fleeing to the safety of the beach. Many persons had miraculous
escapes from death, including a crippled woman, aged 80 years, whose hair was singed before rescuers could carry her to safety.

The fire began about midday at the Heronswood property at Dromana West formerly owned by the late Mr. Justice Higgins, in Burrell's road, at the foot of Arthur's Seat. The property is now occupied by Mr. W. A.Farey, of Camberwell. The fire was noticed in one corner of the 35 acres of land near the home, and, driven by the gale, swept along the foot of the mountain. When the wind changed to the south, it drove the fire without
warning toward the town. There was hopeless confusion on the beach, where hundreds of motorists drove their cars for safety. Many of the care were trapped in the sand, and some caught fire, but a plentiful supply of sea water enabled their owners to save them. Five residents lost their homes and about 20 families who were on holiday in the district were left with nothing but the bathing costumes and wraps they were wearing on the beach when the fire occurred shortly after midday. They returned to their homes in various suburbs clad in bathing suits.
Practically all the camps along the foreshore were destroyed when the fire leaped Point Nepean road. The occupants had to take shelter in the sea. The fire burnt right to the water's edge, and property which had
been stacked on the sand for safety was burnt.

List of Houses
In Clarendon street the fire destroyed the large buildings used as a nurses' rest home and 12 other homes. In Grant street eight homes and two camps were burnt. Properties in Latrobe parade, Park grove, and McArthur, Stawell, Layard and Beard streets were destroyed.

The following is a list of properties destroyed:
CLARENDON STREET.-Nurses' rest home and homes of Messrs. Mewton, McLeish, Jennings, G. Vaughan, Hart, Henry, Thornton, Ingram, Mrs. Hinds, and Sister Rogerson, and stables and outbuildings of Mr. Hazledine. J.Matthews's house was partly burned.
GRANT STREET- Houses of Messrs.A.V.Vaughan, Allan Jones, J.J.Clift, W.Mills, M. Owen, J. Oliquist, and Mairs, and the "Women-haters" and Ascotvale camps.
LATROBE PARADE. - Houses of Messrs. W. Mairs, Salter, Walker, Jose,Turner, Mairs, W. Moorehead, S. Greig, J.Craig, and Ehrke.
PARK GROVE.-Houses of Mrs. Weir and Mr. S. R. Bellingham.
McARTHUR STREET. - Houses of Messrs. J.Vial and H.Mathieson.
BEARD STREET. House of Mr.Gamble.
STAWELL STREET.-Mr. Samble.(P.7, The Australasian, 14-1-1939.)

N.B.There is no longer a Beard St. As the streets mentioned were in the Dromana Township, their names would have been chosen by the surveyor and thus unlikely to be changed, so the name given might be a mistake. Burrell's road was not a mistake. It was the western boundary of Dromana Township, supposedly heading straight up the cliff from the beach road to link with the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.
The Ascotvale camp was that of the St Paul's Anglican Church, Ascot Vale mentioned in my HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA journal. The locations of the Hazledine, Matthews and Mathieson houses pre 1918 are shown on Melbourne Brindle's map.

ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP AT SHOREHAM.
An article about the excited preparations, massed baptisms and so on, related to the Archbishop's visit is indelibly etched into my memory although I read about it in BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES several years ago. That's why I include it as one of the Peninsula's major historical events. There is nothing on trove that replicates the article so I must conclude that the visit described was in connection with the dedication of St. Peter's, Shoreham in 1901 or the opening of the church school in 1917. CHECK B.B.AND M.

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FAIRLEM George, Dromana.
Not a resident but involved in two incidents that put Dromana in the news. An illegal boxing match was to be staged in 1867, reportedly on Mud Island but for some reason, which I read but don't recall, the spectators were to be landed near Rosebud and many drowned. Fairlem stayed at Scurfield's hotel in Dromana and became the object of Father Niall's attentions. Niall's efforts to restore his reputation took the matter into 1873.
George was Chief Officer of the Hurricane when it sank in Capel Sound (offshore from Tootgarook to the Rosebud Fishing Village on 22-4-1891, and was involved in the case of John and Elizabeth Jones (of c/a 6 of that village which had not yet been alienated, with the result that they were described as living "in Dromana".
(See my post BANKSIA POINT, BLAH! on the HISTORY OF DROMANA TO PORTSEA page.)
FARNSWORTH
FERN VALLEY (Head, Musk Creek)
FERN VILLA (Back Road Bob, not Tornvilla.)
FERRIER
See my LEW FERRIER AND PAT HUTCHINS, PISCATORIAL PIONEERS NEAR THE HEADS post.

FIRES.


FORD J.S.
FOREST LODGE
FOUNTAIN Geo.
FRISCH
GESSEL Thomas, fisherman, Dromana.
Thomas Gessel, a fisherman at Dromana, was drowned on the 13th July, whilst attempting to swim ashore from a boat accidentally upset off the Rosebud. ' It appeared from the evidence at the inquest that the deceased and another fisherman named M'Kay started from the Rosebud on the 13th July, for
the purpose of fishing, although there was at the time a strong wind and a heavy sea running. They succeeded in getting over the bar, but almost immediately afterwardsthe sail parted in two. They then determined to return, and with that intention hoisted the jib, but just as they reached the edge of the bank, two heavy seas struck the boat and she capsized. M'Kay clung to the boat, but Gessel succeeded in divesting himself of his boots and other portions of his
clothing, and at once started to swim ashore, which he nearly succeeded in accomplishing,as, when last seen by M'Kay, he was no great distance from the beach. M'Kay, who continued clinging to the boat, was rescued from his perilous position by a fisherman named Irvine*, who had seen the accident,
and immediately pulled out to their assistance ; he, however, saw nothing of. Gessel, nor was he aware of his having left the boat until reaching her. M'Kay was in a very exhausted state, and became insensible when brought ashore. The deceased was twenty six years of age, and had only been four or five months in the colony.(Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875) Saturday 12 August 1871 p 150 Article)
GIBSON John
GIBSON Jos.
GIBSON Walt.
"GLENFERRIE"
"GLENHOLM"
"GLENHOYA"
GOVERNMENT RD.
GRACE Wm.
"GRACEFIELD" (Dromana)
GRACEFIELD HOTEL.
GRAVES
GRIFFITH
GOMM Henry (Rosebud)
GOMM Henry (Somerville)
GOTLIEBSON (Check spelling. bath, Frisch?)
HADDOW
HANSON
HEAD Alf
HILLIS
HISTORIANS
HOBLEY
HOBSON
HOLMES (1900's plus)
HOLMES & WADDESON
HUNTLEY
HURRICANE, The.
A ship wrecked in Capel Sound (deep water west of the Rosebud Fishing Village accessed from the Rye Channel) on 22-4-1891;. Jack and Elizabeth Jones who were granted lot 6 of the said fishing village in 1872, and were confusingly described as living in DROMANA, were accused of misappropriating items from the doomed vessel. (See George Fairlem entry.)
HUTCHINS.
See my LEW FERRIER AND PAT HUTCHINS, PISCATORIAL PIONEERS NEAR THE HEADS post.
JAMES
JAMIESON (Cape Schanck, Survey)
JAMIESON W. (Rosebud)
JARMAN (Devonia)
JOHNNY, D. 1851 AGED 19.
Dr. John Blair was not the first to show affection for an aborigine. George McCrae was Johnny's mate when they were lads and they used to go hunting together. Edward Hobson and his (sort of) stepfather, George Smith were great friends and probably became acquainted with Johnny much earlier when assistant protector William Thomas arrived in the area; Thomas was much impressed by the attitude of both men to the Boon wurrung who alternated between a few camping spots, one on the Dromana drive in site and another near Hobson's Kangerong homestead. Both men were keen students of the language and customs of their dusky friends.
Hobson moved to Capel Sound before Jamieson's special survey swallowed 5120 acres of his Kangerong run but by about 1843 had moved again to the Tarwin River and then the RIVER OF LITTLE FISH (Traralgon); George Smith took over Hobson's second run, renaming it as Tootgarook and its homestead as Wooloowoolooboolook (George McCrae's spelling) and soon after, his so-called wife nursed Sarah Ann Cain back to health after the lost infant was found near-dead. Smith stayed at Tootgarook until about 1850 but must have maintained contact with Johnny, because he took him to California in America.
Johnny was dressed as a whitey and if I remember correctly demonstrated his capacity to handle sailing craft, but, when he returned, resumed his former lifestyle for which he was no longer adapted, and succumbed to pulmonary tuberculosis on 1-10-1851, just before the McCraes transferred the Arthurs Seat run to the Burrells. George McCrae dug a grave for Johnny on the foreshore near the Eastern Light (in today's McCrae), the burial described in detail by Marie Hansen Fels.
(P. 20, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA (no entry in Index); THE BURIAL OF JOHNNY-
https://www.google.com.au/url… )
JOHNSTONE Geo.
JOHNSTONE (20C Wannaeue)

JONES A., Somerville.
See ALMOND BUSH STUD.
Alf''s biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS of 1888* and John G.Mann's 1926 history of Mt Eliza make it obvious that he was one of the three Canadians who gave Canadian Bay its name. He established the Almond Bush Stud at Somerville and may have named the district as Valda Cole said the name, Somerville, had Canadian origins. Alf had two horses that raced as far afield as W.S.Cox's racecourse at Kensington pre 1882, their names-Lord Somerville and Lady Somerville- providing some evidence that Alf may have coined the name for the settlement straddling the parishes of Frankston, Moorooduc and Tyabb.

*SUMMARISED FROM MY NOTES, NOT VERBATIM. Born in London,Alf went to Canada with his parents at the age of 12 in 1832. Arriving in Victoria in March 1853 he went to Bendigo with a party of 5 and found 15 ounces of gold in 5 weeks. He had no luck at McIvor's Diggings (Heathcote)and moving to FRANKSTON (Parish of!), supplied the town of Melbourne and the troop(er)s with firewood at three pounds ten shillings per load. After two years, competition had lowered profits so he rented Baxter's Flat for 5 years and in 1860 purchased 500 acres at Somerville, then called Tyabb (Parish of!).



JONES E.,Moorooduc.
Moorooduc was a parish but also became the name of a locality centred on Jones Corner at Melway 146 K6. Edward was from Wales, as was his son-in-law, Robert Morris. Edward's "Spring Farm", about a mile east of Jones Corner where he lived, sounds Aussie enough but three other farms reveal his origins, Criccieth to the south, Pembroke at Bittern North, occupied by Robert Morris who was a manager at Coolart, and Penbank west of Jones Corner.
A skilled carpenter who carved figureheads for ships in Wales, Edward worked in Adelaide at his trade for a while and made enough money to buy land on the south side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd from Jones Corner to Three Chain (Moorooduc) Rd which he named Penbank. David Shepherd, a descendant of Edward's daughter, moved the Shepherd's nursery from Somerville to the Moorooduc Rd frontage (not former Two Bays land as wrongly claimed in a heritage study) and suggested the name for the Penbank School when it purchased part of the property. Penbank was called the Derril Rd property in a heritage citation for Spring Farm which confused the two properties. The consultants should have spoken to David; I managed to track him down! The Shire and author of the Citation now have the correct information.

JONES, John and Elizabeth, Rosebud.
Jack Jones was said to be the first storekeeper at Rosebud, in an upturned boat, on his foreshore block, later apparently followed by a store there which burnt down. He was then said to have erected a store on the east corner of Jetty Rd (FJ's site) in about 1900 but he built that one in about 1884, making him the first storekeeper on the inland side of the beach road.. Daniel Coyle and Granny Coyle of saintly character beat him to the honour as rate research indicates, probably conducting their store on crown allotment 10 of the Rosebud Fishing Village. See my journal EARLY SHOPKEEPERS AT ROSEBUD.

Jack was almost certainly on his foreshore block in 1869 when the Hurricane sank in Capel Sound near Rosebud. See: PLUNDERING THE HURRICANE.
Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918) Saturday 26 June 1869 p 13 Article

Before buying his foreshore block from the Crown on 16-8-1872, Jack had bought lot 86 of crown allotment 18 Wannaeue, which comprised the FJ's corner extending south to about the Morgan St. corner, from Charles Blakely in 1871. An attempt was made by the Lake brothers to kick him off this block in 1889.

LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

In about 1904, Jack made a verbal agreement to sell his foreshore block (crown allotment 6 of the Rosebud Fishing Village) to George Fountain and the transfer of ownership seems to have taken place some time after September 1909. George bought and dismantled two North Melbourne houses which were carried down on the Eivion and reassembled. As the pine trees Jack had planted along the frontage were fully grown, there is no prize for guessing why George called his property "The Pines".

JUNCTION ROAD.

KENNEDY
KENT ORCHARD
KENTUCKY
KEYS (railway promoter, road)
LAKONIS (Rosebud)
LITTLE SCOTLAND
LOXTON
MCILROY
McKAY James, fisherman, Rosebud, 1874.
The police report that James M'Kay,known as Dingy Jemmy, and following the avocation of a fisherman, left the village of Rosebud, near Dromana, on or about the 7th January last in a boat, to go to Sorrento,and has not since been heard of. The boat was painted on the sides a coffee color, and the bottom was black. Nothing has been seen of him by the police at Point Nepean, He was seen leaving Rye in a boat in company with two men about the 7th January, and as this is the only trace found of him after he left Rosebud, it is thought he has
met with an accident. (P.2, The Age, 20-2-1874.)
See the Thomas Gessel entry.
MCKEOWN

McKIRDY, James.
In John G.Mann's 1926 history of Mt Eliza, he stated that the three Canadians, whose delivery of firewood to the "Liverpool" gave Canadian Bay its name, all settled in the area. One of the three I could not identify was McCurley. He might actually have been James McKirdy who was granted crown allotments 58 (224 acres) and 56A (40 acres), parish of Tyabb, roughly indicated by Melway 149 F-G12 with the south west and north east corners indicated by the south ends of McKirdys and Whitneys* Rds. (*i.e. fire track.)
He would have been between two of the Canadians, Alf Jones (Somerville) and Hodgins (Hastings). James seems to have been born in Dunolly in 1863, so he wouldn't have been the partner of Jones and Hodgins in the firewood business but his father, Alexander Stewart McKirdy, may have been.

See further detail in the "CUMBRAE", Tyabb entry.

MCLEAR
MCRAE
MANNERS SUTTON (CANTERBURY, BLAIRGOWRIE.)
MAIRS (Bittern)
Google "David Mairs of the parishes of Blackwood and Bittern."
MAIR (Tyabb)
MAORIS
MELROSE (Dromana)
MORNINGTON (Val's cemetery website, original name of Craigie Rd,sn and schn.)
MORNINGTON STANDARD (Criticism of name. Subsequent names.Peninsula Post a competitor- recent youth club building.)
NEWSTEAD
NIALL Fr.
NORQUAY (Lyndhurst and Rye.)
OSWIN
PARISHES AND COUNTIES
PATRON PARK STUD
PATTERSON
PENTECOST (Mornington.)
PIAWOLA
PIDOTO
PURVES
QUARANTINE STATION
QUINAN
RAILWAY ESTATE, DROMANA
RAILWAYS
REDWOOD (Downward, Pitt)
This was the name of Alfred Downward's property on the south west side of Wilsons Rd, extending halfway to Strachans Rd. A.B.Balcombe was granted land between it and Stachans Rd, which was called RED GUM FLATS in an old advertisement.Both properties derived their names from the river red gums which grew along the now underground creek. My THE FEMALE DROVER contains much information supplied by Joan Downward including a newspaper article about the trees, which are hopefully still heritage listed. Downward and Pitt Sts are named after two of Alf daughters who were the last occupants of Redwood, one a spinster and the other Mrs Pitt.
RINGROSE (Red Hill.)
Google "Noseless Bryan Ringrose".
ROBERTS
ROGERS
ROSEBUD
ROSEBUD AT QUEENSCLIFF (2)
ROSEBUD The
ROSSLYN (Merricks North)
ROWLEY
RYE
RYE HOTEL (X2)
SANITARY STATION (See Quarantine Station)

SCURFIELD.
THE SCURFIELD HOTEL.
Richard Watkin may have built the Scurfield hotel and was operating it in 1858 and 1859 as well as supplying timber from Arthurs Seat to Melbourne builders. Richard claimed in 1880 that he established the Dromana Hotel in 1862 but the building was not completed in August 1863 when architect George R.Cox called for tenders for slating the roof. Where then was William Dixon Scurfield in 1859 and what was he doing to earn a crust? The same as described in the insolvency meeting of 1864.

OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. - George Jamieson, a sawyer, was placed in the dock on the above charge. William Dixon Scurfield, a tentmaker, said the prisoner came to his house on the previous day, about 4 o'clock, and said he wanted to purchase a new cart-cover. He said he lived at Mr. Bryant's, and that his waggon was there. He made an appointment with witness to go over to Mr. Bryant's in about an hour, to take the measure of the cart. He then asked witness to lend him a couple of pounds to pay a deposit on a horse he had purchased. Witness accordingly wrote him out a cheque for £3. In about an hour witness went over to Mr. Bryant's stable, and then found that the prisoner had no cart there at all. Witness subsequently meeting the prisoner, requested him to return the cheque, and took him to Mr. Bryant's, where, as soon as his back was turned, prisoner made off. Witness did not see him again until that morning, in custody. David Marks, a storekeeper in Elizabeth street, said the prisoner came to his shop on the previous day, between 3 and 4 o'clock, and purchased a silver watch and chain for £2 15s. He left the shop for a few minutes, and when he returned gave him the cheque now produced (for £3), and witness gave him back 5s, change. The prisoner was committed for trial.
(P.6,Argus, 5-11-1859.)

IN the INSOLVENT ESTATE of WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
To Hotelkeepers and Others.
For SALE, by tender, subject to a mortgage of £300, the premises known as SCURFIELD'S HOTEL, Dromana, 47 miles from Melbourne. This property is most pleasantly situated, commanding a line view of the harbour, and consists of about two and a half acres of land, a portion of which is laid out as a garden, and buildings erected
thereon, consisting of an hotel, substantially built of pine, containing the following rooms : bar, 20 ft.
by 13 ft.; two parlors, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; four bedrooms, each 16 ft. by 15 ft.; two do., each 10 ft.by 10 ft. ; kitchen, fowl-house, stables, &c, ; also an attached three-roomed cottage, suitable for private families.
The whole of the furniture and stock is in good condition and is to be taken at a valuation.

Tenders, addressed to James Moore, Esq., official assignee, Eldon-chambers, endorsed 'Tender for the Purchase of Scurfield Hotel,' will be received until twelve o'clock on Monday, the 30th inst. Further particulars, including a plan of the ground and buildings, together with an inventory of all stock and furniture, may be obtained at the office of the undersigned. J. AARONS, Trade Assignee, 6, Collins street,east.
N.B Intending purchasers are respectfully informed that the mortgagee will allow £200 of the present mortgage to remain at current rates. 38 302 (P.7,The Age, 28-11-1863.)

WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD.
INSOLVENTS. THIRD MEETING.
In re W. D. Scurfield. The insolvent, a tent maker, of Melbourne, did not appear, and, in the absences of any creditors, the meeting closed. The assignee, Mr Moore, filed his report, from which it appeared that the stock-in-trade of the insolvent had been sold by public auction, the net proceeds being £590 13s 10d. The Scurfield Hotel and freehold property at Dromana had been sold by tender for £347 4s 6d. The stock, furniture, &c., of the Scurfield Hotel realised £130, and was sold on the understanding that, should the insolvent be voted any part of his furniture, the value should be paid to him. £46 18s 4d had been collected on account of book debts, and £11 8s 9d had been received in cash from the insolvent. The mortgage on the Dromana property was paid off before the sale. Five small allotments of land at Broadmeadows* and Footscray remain unsold, no offer having been made for them. A dividend of about 6s in the £1 would probably be paid to concurrent creditors. P.7, The Age,11-2-1864.)

(* William's grants in Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) can be found by googling BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP, COUNTY OF BOURKE.)

The hotel was sold by the assignee but to whom? As the purchaser might never have been reported,I thought that the rate collectors might surprise me, but they didn't.

The first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864 rated William Dixon Scurfield on "house 9 rooms hotel,N.A.V. 60 pounds. The owner column was blank. On 2-9-1865, W.D.S.was assessed on three properties with assessment numbers recorded:66. 2 town lots; 67.9 room hotel,L.60.; 68. 43 acres of building land as agent for Ligar Elliot. This was crown allotment 1,section 1, Kangerong, bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Avenue.It had a frontage to The Esplanade that could be long jumped. It had been granted to William Dixon Scurfield according to the parish map but he may have bought it on Ligar's behalf. Somewhere in my special purpose rate transcriptions,Catherine Scurfield was recorded as leasing this land from Ligar Elliot, teamster.

The assessment remained the same until that of 4-9-1869 when under assessment 74, Mrs Dixon (sic)Scurfield was listed as the person to be rated on,and also as the OWNER of: "hotel, outbuildings and 5 town lots." The auditor had obviously criticised the absence of the owner's name for practically every property and few properties lacked this detail in 1869. By the assessment of 3-9-1870,owners' names no longer seemed important and William Dixon Scurfield was again rated on the property described in 1869 as well as the 43 acres that had apparently been completely missed in '69. The same assessment was recorded on 2-9-1871 but this time the rate collector had forgotten to list assessment numbers.

On 7-9-1872, Willie Scurfield, who had been back home in the pub from about 1867 (during which time Father Nyall had tried to interfere with Willie)was assessed on "town lot",while W.D.S. had the same assessment again.On 6-9-1873, W.D.S.was assessed on the pub and 5 town lots (A.No. 89)and the 43 acres (A.N.90)while Willie was rated again on town lot. In A.N.89 there was faint scribble above William Dixon Scurfield's surname and although it didn't look much like it should have,I knew exactly where to look when W.D.S. was not rated on the hotel and 5 town lots in the first Shire of Flinders and Kangerong assessment; he was only rated on the 43 acres and Willie's town lot was described as Young's land.

The scribble seemed to start with I and end with don,but sure enough, there was the 5-9-1874 assessment for Scurfield's hotel: Ass.No.4.Assender, George, hotel and 5 town lots, N.A.V. 60 Pounds.

William Dixon Scurfield was in financial trouble again although his assets were greater than his liabilities.

NEW INSOLVENTS......Wm. Dixon Scurfield, Dromana, licensed victualler. Liabilities, £479; assets, £650.
(P.14, Advocate,Melbourne, 25-4-1874.)

It was George Assender who renamed the pub as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. I wonder where George had been before he took over the Scurfield Hotel. Find out under the hotel's new name, THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL.


"SEVEN OAKS"
SHAND
SHEEHAN
SKELTON
SORRENTO
STREET NAMES (FROM PIONEERING FAMILIES) Separate post.
STRINGER.
OBITUARY MR. W. H. S. STRINGER
A gloom fell over Sorrento yesterday, and, to a lesser extent, affected every centre in the Peninsula, when the death of Mr. Walter Henry Spunner Stringer occurred. Although he had been in ill-health since Christmas, his death was quite unexpected.Yesterday he was to have left his bed, but had an unexpected heart seizure and died suddenly. He was aged 51 years. Burial took place in the Sorrento cemetery this afternoon.He leaves a wife and three daughters.
He was one of the best known and highly respected residents of the Mornington Peninsula, being one of the most active workers for the promotion of football and other manly sports. He spent his whole life on the Peninsula.
When a young man he became an employee of McFarlan's Stores at Sorrento. Eventually he was taken into partnership, and the firm became McFarlan and Stringer. About 10 years ago he became sole proprietor of the business, which
was carried on at Sorrento and Portsea as Stringer's Stores. He was a past president of the Mornington Peninsula Football League, of which he was a life member; a life vice-president of the Sorrento Tennis Club; president of Sorrento Football Club; secretary of Sorrento Ocean Park Trust; and a Past Master of
Sorrento Lodge of A.F. and A. Masons. The Masonic burial service was read at the grave. (P.4, FSS, 11-1-1935.)
TAYLOR Rev. (Bean, Shand?)
TAYLOR Wm (Pidoto)
THE PINES (ROSEBUD)
THE SURVEY
THE WILLOW (SURVEY)
THORNELL
TICONDEROGA
TOOTGAROOK
TOOTGAROOK HOTEL (X2)

TRANSPORT.
(Also see BUS BAN,the.)
TUBBARUBBA
TYRONE
THOMAS Assistant Protector.
VILLA MARIA
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VINE.
Fred Vine was a fisherman granted crown allotment 29 of the Rosebud Fishing Village. the fourth most western block,on 30-8-1873. In ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD, Peter Wilson stated that Fred was born in Milos, Greece in 1834, arrived in Australia in 1860 and was naturalised in 1901. He built a stone (almost certainly limestone) cottage on c/a 29 which is now 933 Pt.Nepean Rd, Rosebud. He had a white-haired Irish wife who smoked a pipe and loved sunsets. Fred's stepdaughter was Polly Vine. In the early 20th century, Fred moved to live in Dromana
In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear wrote that Fred Vine (or Fred the Greek, as he was known), John McLear, Doan Griffith and Harry Copp were early fishermen at Dromana. There is a photo of Fred on page 103. Fred's step-daughter, Mary. B.Stone (also known as Polly Vine) was one of the first pupils to occupy Dromana's new granite school in 1873.
Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana pre 1918 indicates that Fred had a hut on the foreshore, roughly opposite Seacombe St. Mary or Polly was still living in Rosebud under the name of Mary B.Stone. Fred's wife died in 1920.
VINE. - On the 23rd April, 1920 (suddenly, in Mornington train. Mrs. Julia Josephine Vine, of Rosebud, beloved mother of Mary B. Stone (Rosebud) and George Robert Stone (Templemore, Ireland), faithful wife of Fred Vine (Rosebud), relict of late Timothy Robert Cormic Stone, of Loughmore, Tipperary; youngest daughter of Patrick and Mary Concannon. Mylelough,Galway, aged 84 years. A colonist of 57 year.American, Irish, Indian, and Scotch papers please
copy. Buried Dromana Cemetery, 25th April. (P.1, Argus, 20-4-1920.)
Mary B.Stone died in 1926, the only notices being inserted by the Rosebud postmaster and one of her cousins.
STONE.— In loving memory of dear Miss Stone, loved daughter of the late Mrs. Vine, of Rosebud. Gone. but not forgotten, Inserted, by Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Wheeler and family, of Rosebud.(P.1, The Age, 5-8-1926.)
STONE.— In loving memory or our cousin, Mary,loving daughter of late Mrs. Vine, Rosebud, died 4th August, 1926. Sadly missed.Gone, but not forgotten.
Inserted by M. Becker; and family. Port Melbourne. (P.6, The Age, 7-8-1926.)
Fred's surname was given, more often than not, as Vean in ratebooks. In this case it was written as Vian, so you'll see why I did not use his name as a search term. Peter Wilson devotes a whole chapter to Mary (Polly Vine.) There is a photo of Polly whose skin is very dark, most likely because she spent most of her life outdoors, like her stepfather, who was thought to be from Ceylon. I don't think Mary would have had much affection for Fred, who was definitely living on c/a 29 before he bought it from the Crown.
(P.3, Argus, 19-6-1871.)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

WATKIN
WATTS
WAINWRIGHT
WEE WEE
See separate post of 23-1-2016, PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE (Is this name fair dinkum?)
WESTERNPORT SQUATTING DISTRICT (Misleading.)
WHITE Laurence & Jas.
WHITE (Moorooduc)
WHITE (Rosebud and Red Hill)
WHITE (Sorrento)
WIILIAMS Edw. & Mary
WILSON H.W. etc.
WILSON J.B.
See WILSON OF TUERONG post.
WILSON PROF. W.B.
See PROFESSOR W.B.WILSON OF WOLFDENE AT MORNINGTON post.
WILSON Sarah. (Petronella's book)
WOLFDENE, MORNINGTON.
See WILSON PROF.W.B.
WONG
Names are coming from memory alone. I've still got rates, parish maps, my journals, my pre 2011 and abandoned Peninsula Dictionary History and my journals to consult in case I forget anything.

2 comment(s), latest 10 months, 1 week ago

PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE, MAORI FISHERMAN AT ROSEBUD (VIC., AUST.) DROWNED 1869 WITH FOUR QUARRYMEN EN ROUTE TO QUARANTINE STATION.

PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE. ( Is this name fair dinkum?)
Patrick's grave in the Rye Cemetery has been restored by the Rye Historical Society which also supplied an informative plaque.

The first time I wrote about the tragedy, I couldn't resist using the title of Wee Wee in the Bay, but it could have been even smuttier if I'd realised that all four quarrymen were named Richard.

I thought that Isobel Moresby's claim in ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA about Maoris living at Rosebud was wrong until I read about the tragedy. Nelson Rudduck arrived in Dromana in 1871 when the incident would have been fresh in everyone's mind and he mentioned the Maoris at Rosebud in great detail three decades later.

In response to the enquiries of "New Zealander" in last issue, Mr N. Rudduck, of Dromana, has kindly supplied the following re the Maoris who at one time were living here: "There were nearly 20 Maoris fishing at Rosebud about 1865. They afterward moved to what became known as the Maori farm beyond Rye.Some of them (Patrick and Timmo) got drowned by the capsizing of a boat taking a passenger to Queenscliff, and are buried in the Rye cemetery.One named Paul died in Geelong hospital. Peter Kanaks died in the Melbourne hospital, where I think Paul's three children (Napper, Minnie and George) also died. Paul's wife and another woman named Mary Ann eventually were taken from here to New Zealand by a deputation who came over for them, as one of them was of royal blood." (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-7-1902.)

SOME BACKGROUND TO NELSON'S LETTER AND THE FOLLOWING.
Timmo, not mentioned below, must have been Patrick's fishing partner.His body may have been found later. His name, like that of Napper, seems to be a nickname. A napper broke up limestone in preparation for burning. Timmo may have had an early kiln just west of Timm's Corner (cnr. Hiscock and Boneo) as shown in LIME LAND LEISURE. The Tootgarook hotel mentioned would have been William Cottier's hotel of that name (on land now occupied by Ray White and the shop on the east side of Shark Shack) established in 1867 and renamed the Rye Hotel by his former partner, John Campbell in about 1872. The original Tootgarook Hotel on the pre-emptive right near today's Leonard St was not mentioned after 1857 when Peter Purves applied for a licence.

FATAL ACCIDENT IN THE BAY.
SUPPOSED LOSS OF FIVE LIVES.
Last Sunday evening, about five o'clock, a Maori fisherman, named Patrick Tomut Wee Wee, living at Rosebud, near Dromana, was drinking in the bar of the Tootgarook hotel, at Tootgarook, and conversing with four young men named respectively Richard Knott, Richard Barry, Richard Abbott, and Richard Bellinger, who wanted him to take them to the Quarantine ground, where they were employed by Mr Muir, a contractor, as stonemasons.

The party left the hotel, and went in the direction of the pier, but it appears no one saw them go into Wee Wee's boat. Later in the evening, Christian Miller, a seaman employed on board of the fore-and-aft schooner Result, anchored off the pier at Tootgarook, was on board his craft, when she was suddenly struck by a heavy squall, which came from the westward, with a heavy sea, which was running mountains high.

Whilst he was engaged in attending to the vessel he heard a voice calling out in the water, and on looking out saw a man, clinging to a boat that was capsized. He was about 150 yards from the Result, and Miller could not give him any assistance. The boat drifted away in the direction of Rosebud, and was very soon out of sight. Miller could not tell whether the man was a Maori or not.

Michael Cain, a labourer, residing at Point Nepean, was riding along the beach from Rye to Dromana, and he and his brother saw the body of the Maori fisherman, Wee Wee, which they brought on shore. There were no marks of ill usage on the body, and there were no other bodies about. An inquest was held on the deceased, on Wednesday, by Mr.Candler, and it was elicited that the young men had not been heard of, though diligent inquiries had been made for them. The jury returned a verdict of "found drowned" off Rosebud, and expressed an opinion that he was accidentally drowned in a squall whilst conveying some passengers from Tootgarook to the Quarantine station. (P.3, Williamstown Chronicle, 1-1-1870.)

DOES WEE WEE MEAN TRIBE, ACCEPTING OF FRENCH SQUATTERS OR VERY SMALL?
How would Patrick have obtained such a name as Wee Wee? I have found three possibilities, Maori, French and Scottish. The Maori word for tribe is iwi or wiwi; the French, generally disliked by the Maoris, were called wee wee because of their word for yes; and because of heavy Scottish migration to N.Z. the word wee for little was commonly used there and still is.

1 comment(s), latest 10 months, 2 weeks ago

EARLY STOREKEEPERS AT ROSEBUD, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

If you happen to find an early photo of post office, Rosebud, it will probably show the Roberts/Brady/McConchie post office at front left (near the present Peebles store site) with the Rudduck store, then a general store about 75 yards away (according to Peter Wilson.) This photo would have been taken before 1920 when William C. Twyford transferred the post office to the Rudduck store. In 1923 the new post office was burnt down and rebuilt with a longer frontage,which was purchased in the same year by Edwin James Wheeler, the new postmaster. Wheeler conducted the post office in number 1045, selling the other shops, numbers 1039-1043 to Stephens in 1929 and in 1937 transferred the post office to a new building at 1047, now the Ninth Avenue Cafe.

While the Roberts and Rudduck stores were very early stores, they were far from the first.

A CHRONOLOGY.
The "Rosebud" was beached in May 1855 according to a report of the Purves v Smyth insurance case in 1855 and the wreck may have been driven farther to the location of the cairn by June 2, the date on the cairn. The first land offered for subdivisional blocks, on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue between Adams Creek (The Avenue) and the line of Parkmore Rd was described as being at Rosebud.
VILLAGE LOTS.
County of Mornington, parish of Wannaeue, at Rosebud, adjoining Burrell's pre emptive section, on Port Phillip Bay. Upset price. £8 per acre. Allotments 1 to 23. 2 roods to la. Sr. 30p. (P.3, Argus, 14-4-1870.)

The land didn't sell well and was described as being in the Village of Wannaeue later in the 1870's. Locals didn't call the area Rosebud, but "The Rosebud" and continued doing so until about 1920 according to the late Ray Cairns who as a boy looked forward to the excursions to Martin's Corner and the beach near "The Rosebud" (despite all visible signs of the wreck having been removed by the locals in the 1890's according to an account in an article in Mick Dark's collection if I remember correctly.)

The majority of Rosebud residents were fishermen and paid no rates to the Kangerong Road Board. In 1873-4 they did so for the first time. Those who previously held a crown lease on their blocks under the terms of their fisherman's licences seem to have been given the opportunity to buy these blocks in the Rosebud Fishing Village in August 1872 without competition (like a pre-emptive right.) But before then a poundkeeper near Cliffords Rd at Somerton had bought crown allotment 18 Wannaeue,152 acres between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd and tried to sell it in lots of about 2 acres. He only sold lot 86, 2 acres on the FJ's corner, in 1871 (1), to Jack Jones one of the fishermen on the foreshore.
(1) Lake v Jones; sketch of title on memorial in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook documenting a loan of 128 pounds given to William Edwards by Captain Henry Everest Adams in 1878 showing that lot 86 was on the east corner of Jetty and Pt Nepean Rds extending south to about Morgan St.

Jack Jones bought c/a 6 of the fishing village (now 854 and 856 Pt Nepean Rd)on 11-8-1872 and Daniel Coyle bought c/a 10 (immediately west of the Banksia Point complex now being built) on 16-8-1872, most other fisherman buying their blocks at about that time.

THE FIRST STOREKEEPER.
Daniel Coyle has never been mentioned in Rosebud histories except for the above details in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD with a quote from Isabel Moresby's ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA about Granny Coyle of saintly character running a lolly shop. Jack Jones is said to have run a store in an upturned boat on c/a 6 and Ethel Fountain's memoirs and her sister's EARLY ROSEBUD map both mention his store on c/a 6 being burnt down. You'd put your money on Jack being the first storekeeper wouldn't you? I did!

Rate records were pathetic in regard to their legibility on the microfiche, the lack of detail about occupiers, owners and description of properties and even the year of assessment and names of ridings. I learnt to identify the ridings by the names of ratepayers and their number of acres! However, year by year research on certain ratepayers, on top of transcriptions of all Kangerong and Wannaeue assessments in 1864, 1879, 1900, 1910 and 1919 has allowed me to answer many questions. The jigsaw pieces fit very neatly together!

In 1873-4, DANIEL COYLE was assessed on 1 allotment and 3 roomed house, Rosebud, N.A.V. 6 pounds, as he was in 1874-5. In 1875-6he was assessed on the same property but he was described as a storekeeper and the net annual value increased to 7 pounds. The same details continued until 1882-3 when his name was recorded but the rates were paid in December 1882 by ? White who turned out later to be Thomas White, cutler. Daniel and Granny Coyle had moved to Mordialloc where they seem to have lived out their days. Was it at that time that Jack Jones decided to commence a store in an upturned boat?

From 14-9-1877 to 30-7-1881, Jack Jones, fisherman was assessed on one allotment, Rosebud, N.A.V. 5 pounds. By 29-7-1882, Jack was described as a storekeeperand was assessed on TWO allotments and buildings, N.A.V.8 pounds. Have you realised something? The judge in Lake v Jones (or the reporter) got it wrong or the rate collector took a decade to wake up that Jack Jones had bought lot 86 crown allotment 18 Wannaeue in 1871. The block had definitely been sold by Charles Blakley before 1878 as shown by the aforementioned loan memorial.

In view of the fact that a rate collector took a decade to realise that Cr James Little Brown was not "John Brown", and the lack of thoroughness mentioned above (which caused Cr Terry's resignation as detailed in my Shire of Flinders journal), my money is on the rate collector being a decade behind reality. Besides, if Jack had bought lot 86 in 1881, he would have bought it from Blooming Bob White, completely at odds with the report of the trial. Read the court report re Jack buying his 2 acres on c/a 18 Wannaeue and building his new store in 1883-4, at which time the store (no longer an upturned boat)on c/a 6 must have been a pile of ashes.

" During the negotiations for purchase of land, Mr Jones who by this time was old and trembling, told my father that his original store was built on "The Pines" site, but was burnt down and he transferred his business to Jetty Rd corner, as he considered it more central opposite the jetty." Ethel Fountain.

LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

So far we have (1)Daniel Coyle 1875-1882. (2) Jack Jones 1882-1910+ but there was another storekeeper before 1900 whom the rate collector called Loui.

Louis Anderson was Rosebud's post master 1890-1897 during which time he was assessed on 1 lot and buildings, Wannaeue. In 1897-8 his name was crossed out and replaced by that of John Roberts, occupant of lots 41 and 42 crown allotment 17 Wannaeue, owned now by Mrs Roberts of Napier St, Ballarat, who was probably still packing belongings and farewelling friends. C/a 17 was between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk/Ninth Avenue house blocks south to Eastbourne Rd. Lots 41-2 and the Roberts/Brady/ McConchie post office have been established as being near the present Peeble store, thus indicating the rough location of Louis Anderson's store. Hence we are back to the start of the journal. Louis Anderson did the first recorded fish run to the Mornington railhead, obviously before Jimmy the Squid Williams of Eastbourne.


1 comment(s), latest 10 months, 2 weeks ago

CORRECTION RE WILLIAM JOHN FERRIER'S HOUSE AT ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

William John Ferrier called his house in the Rosebud Fishing Village "Seven" because it was on crown allotment 7 of the village, now 858 Pt. Nepean Rd, Rosebud. Rate research led me to conclude that the present house had been built by 1894 and was thus the house that the hero of the La Bella wreck at Warrnambool in 1905 had occupied.

However, my history column in ROSEBUD RIPPLE has led to me being contacted by the grandson of George Fountain whose mother and aunt wrote histories of Rosebud, which are every bit as valuable as Isabel Moresby's ROSEBUD FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and will become a new journal when I finish transcribing them.

As will be revealed in Laura Fountain's memories in ROSEBUD (VIC., AUST.) HISTORY ISSUING FROM THE FOUNTAINS, the PRESENT house on crown allotment 7 Rosebud Fishing Village (858 Pt. Nepean Rd, Rosebud) was NOT occupied by William John Ferrier. George Fountain bought C/A 7 from him, probably in 1916 when the Ferriers moved to Queenscliff, and demolished the cottage occupied by Antonio Bosina from 1894 till he became blind, Mrs Lennie Edwards 1903- 1910 and the Ferriers till 1916. The present house was built by George Fountain and later sold to the Archers.

WHEN WANNAEUE IN PASCOE VALE BECAME COOK'S HOMESTEAD :SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS HISTORY, VIC., AUST.

Country Property
A.E.Gibson and Co. (in conjunction with JIH^uckrcll) report selling by auction on account of the estate of the late Mr J.M.Peck,Wannaeue, a brick villa and land, Pascoevale road, Pascoevale, to Mr A.T.Cook, for L1525.
(P.14, Argus, 28-8-1928.)

John Murray Peck came from New Hampshire, U.S.A. with three other young Yankees, one of whom was Freeman Cobb, in the early years of Victoria's gold rush, and formed a coach company famed in Australia's history. No prizes for guessing its name! His beautifully restored grave can be seen at the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Melway 7 B9) of which a history has recently been completed. As well as the Concord coaches, the names Mascoma, Lebanon and Hiawatha from New Hampshire (of which the Pecks were pioneers) were introduced into our heritage by the family.

Alexander McCracken, the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club and the first president of the V.F.L., was one of his sons in law. J.M.Peck was a vice president of the Essendon Football Club and wore the red and black Sturt's Desert Pea in his lapel to every game. How would I know that? Harry Huntington Peck's MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN which records such details about hundreds of Australian pioneers as well as his fearless coach-driving father.

William Allison Blair lived on the site of the Essendon Tech. but was hugely involved in the history of the Mornington Peninsula, establishing a virtual monopoly in the lime production there from the 1860's. His battles with Charles Gavan Duffy to acquire land through selection caused nightmares for the members of the Land Board and according to Sidney Smith Crispo led to a suggestion by him that one parcel of land in dispute between them should be proclaimed as the Village of Sorrento. Blair bought much land south of the Rye township, obtaining the kilns of many limeburners and therefore reducing competition. Blair also bought the land between Elizabeth Avenue and Truemans Rd in Rosebud West. This happened to be in the parish of WANNAEUE.

John Murray Peck became one of Australia's foremost stock and station agents and a renowned cattle salesmen, often selling at Newmarket Saleyards. He built a house at Ascot Vale called Mascoma and Alexander McCracken's mother who lived across Mount Alexander Rd could hear his booming voice from Ailsa (later Mercy college and now a Scientology property.) In 1882, he moved into Lebanon at today's Strathmore whose driveway was Peck Avenue.

John Murray Peck probably had the house, whose site is now occupied by Red Rooster at the east end of the footbridge that takes pedestrians over Pascoe Vale Rd from Peck Avenue, built for his daughter as a wedding present. His son, Harry, built the heritage-listed Hiawatha at the top of Kilburn St and he'd want a nice house for his daughters too. Alexander McCracken's North Park on the south side of Woodland St (now the Columban Mission)was an acceptable home for Margaret so why should Minnie Waters miss out.

BLAIR - PECK.- On the 12th inst., at St. John's Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Alexander Stewart,M.A., William Allison, elder son of W. A. Blair, of Netherlea, Essendon, to Minnie Waters, younger daughter of J. M. Peck, of Lebanon, Pascoevale.(P.1, Argus, 26-4-1888.)

BLAIR.- On the 28th ult., at Wannaeue, Pascoevale,the wife of W. A. Blair, jun., of a son.
(P.1, Argus, 6-2-1889.)

Because a Hugh Peck had land at Mornington in early days, I originally thought that John Murray Peck gave the illegally demolished house its name. That was until I discovered that his daughter had married the lime merchant's namesake son!

Albert Cook was the longtime clerk of the shire of Broadmeadows. The Township of Broadmeadows, now Westmeadows, was the obvious administrative centre for the road board and then the shire because it was surrounded for years by farmland. However the subdivisions started during the land boom of the latter 1880's but thwarted by the 1890's depression were now being populated in areas such as Pascoe Vale and Glenroy. In 1928, a new council building was constructed near the Broadmeadows Station. The new office was too far from the the old shire hall near the West Broadmeadows bridge where Albert had made young Norm Woods part of his family and mentored him as a future shire secretary, which he became, at Keilor, as long-serving and respected as Albert. In any case the old building was probably going to be sold to help pay for the new one.

The Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930's called Albert's house Cook's homestead. Demolition was illegally started (in the 1980's?) but although the City of Broadmeadows responded quickly, the damage was done. A Miss Roberts had at one time owned the land between Wannaeue and the Board Track on the Strathmore High School site; she was most likely related to John Murray Peck's widow, Louisa Ellen (nee Roberts) a native of London.

PECK. - On the 5th July, at her residence,Wannaene, Pascovale, Louisa Ellen, relict of the late J. M. Peck, aged 85 years. (Private interment.) (P.1, Argus, 6-7-1928.)

I deliberately didn't correct the name of the house so that you could understand how the great Sam Merrifield, founder of the Essendon Historical Society gained the impression that the house was called Wanganui. Wannaeue was hardly a household name and was often mangled by the newspapers.

Wannaeue was put up for sale within a month after Louisa's death.

SATURDAY, AUGUST l8.
At Three O'clock. On the Property,
SALE OF VALUABLE BRICK VILLA, WANNAEUE,
AT PASCOEVALE.
WITH SPLENDID BLOCK OF LAND.
IN THE ESTATE OF THE LATE Mr. J. M. PECK.
Wannaeue is an Attractive Brick Villa of Substantial Construction, Occupying a Nice Position
on the Main road, in the Most Progressive Part of Pascoevale, and Within Cooee (220 Yards)
of the Pascoevale Railway Station, which Enjoys a Good Electric Train Service.
The Rooms Are Lofty, Under Slate roof, and Comprise Spacious Dining and Breakfast rooms,
Five Bedrooms, Kitchen, Laundry, Bath, Pantrv, Cupboards, and Cellar; Also Garage, Man's
Room, Feedhouse, Hot-water Service Installed, Electric Light, Telephone, and Sewerage Sys
tem, and Surrounded by Nice Flower and vegetable Gardens, and Fine Old Ornamental Trees.
The Land Has a Grand Frontage of About 360ft to the Main Pascoevale Road, by Irregular Depth,
Culminating In a Picturesque and Fertile Frontage to the Moonee Ponds Creek.
Altogether Wannaeue Represents a Commodious Home with Wholesome and Refined Surround-
ings, and Being for Genuine Sale tor the Purpose of Finalising Trust Matters, Buyers in
Quest of a Home of This Description May Attend the Sale in Confidence.
Title, Certifícate. Terms-One-third Cash, One-third In Twelve Months, and One-third in Two
Years. Interest, 6 Per Cent. Per Annum.
Arrangements Could be Made If a Buyer so wished to run a Cow in Paddocks Adjacent
A.E.GIBSON & CO.,
Auctioneer, 150 Queen Street, Melbourne (Te). Cent S514); and at Glenroy,
In Conjunction With
J. L. FACKRELL,
Estate Agent, Opposite Hallway Station, Pascoevale. Tel. FU6709.
(P.2, Argus, 4-8-1928.)

G6ACIOUS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF A SHIRE SECRETARY'S WORTH.
A complimentary social evening was held at the Broadmeadows Shire Hall on the evening of the 12th inst., in
recognition of the 25 years' service rendered as shire secretary by Mr. A.T. Cook, J.P. The gathering was representative of the Broadmeadows and neighbouring councils, the ratepayers of the Shire of Broadmeadows, public bodies and the public generally. The shire hall was packed.

The president of the shire (Or. R.O. Hadfield*, J.P.) presided over the gathering. He spoke with keen appreciation of the assistance he had received at the hands of Mr. Cook,whose close attention to duty was very
striking, Mr. Cook had not missed a council meeting during the 25 years he had been in the employment of the
council. Cr. W. H. Poole, J.P., who for 23 years had been a member of the council, spoke in feeling terms of the excellent service rendered by Mr. Cook. Cr. A. F. Showers, of Essendon, the president of the Progress Association, and several others spoke in similar terms, after which the president made a presentation of a clock and a wallet of notes, to Mr. and Mrs. Cook.
(P.2, Wodonga and Towong Sentinel, 22-12-1933.)
*John Pascoe Fawkner's "Box Forest" was renamed in honour of Rupert Hadfield, not the supposed reason given on the website Australia for Everyone; Place Names.

2 comment(s), latest 11 months, 1 week ago

CORRECTION: CHARLES BLAKEY (NOT BLAKELY) LANDOWNER AT WANNAEUE, BROADFORD AND YUROKE, VIC., AUST.

The first reference I saw to this pioneer was in a document detailing a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings in August 1878 from Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud to William Edwards of Dromana. The latter had mortgaged his land at Rosebud and a sketch of title mentioned Charles BLAKELEY and lot 86 of crown allotment 18 section A, parish of Wannaeue. Confusingly the solicitor had described this 2 acre block as crown allotment 86, section 18 Wannaeue as if it was a township block rather than a private subdivision. I wondered at the time if Charles was related to William Henry Blakeley, Australia's first sawmaker.

Later I saw a Charles Blakey shown as a grantee of crown allotments 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, all but about 40 acres granted to John Cameron of Stony Fields (Roxburgh Park) on the north west side of Cliffords Rd, which ran from the end of Pascoe Vale Rd to Sydney Rd until it was cut off by the north eastern railway; the northern boundary of these blocks is today shown by transmission lines. Charles was also the grantee of crown allotment 6 which is fairly well indicated by the bottom half of Melway 180 D7.

It was soon after that my internet problems started and I could not access the Yuroke parish map or the Lake v Jones case regarding lot 86 of 18 Wannaeue or the 1874 advertisement of 18 Wannaeue and land at Broadford by Charles' executor. My memory came up with a combination of Blakeley and Blakey when I was discussing 18 Wannaeue.

With my internet problems overcome and pangs of guilt for possibly misleading readers, I used an idle moment to find the right spelling of the surname.

By the way, crown allotment 18 Wannaeue consisted of 152 acres and is bounded by today's Pt.Nepean Rd, Adams Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Jetty Rd. With lot 86 on the FJ's corner excised, it only consisted of 150 acres when Blooming Bob White or his father bought it, apparently calling it or the homestead Menstrys Hill. The advertisement in 1874 forgot to mention the prior sale of lot 86. The Lakes thought they were buying the whole 152 acres circa 1888 and tried to get Jack Jones kicked off his corner block. The farm was later owned by Thomas Bamford and the Pottons (who called it St.Albans and are recalled by a street name) before being involved in the two suicides of De Garis in the late 1920's.

DEATHS.
BLAKEY.—On the 7th inst., at the Alfred Hospital,Charles Blakey, aged 61 years.(P.4, Argus, 8-7-1873.)

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 26 February 1874 p 2 Advertising
... Wannocuo, County of Mornington And 04a Or 3Sp, Parish of Broadford By Order of tho Executors of CHARLES ... ) BROADFORD Wannaeue, t, / Couuty of Morrdngton '" SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION Of 152a. 2r >flp , ?" ' Parish of .


MONDAY, DECEMBER 7.
SOMERTON.
13 Miles from Melbourne, On tho Sydney-road.
Sole by Public Auction of Allotment 6, Section 6, Parish of Yuroke,A Short Distance Nearer Town than the Somerton Hotel.
By Order of the Executors Under the Will of the late Charles Blakey.
For Positive and Unreserved Sale.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from Messrs John Munday and John Kyle to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the mart, on Monday, December 7, at twelve o'clock,
That block of agricultural land, containing 34a. Or. 30p , and forming the full Crown Allotment 6 of
Section 6, parish of Yuroko.
This land is unfenced, it is first-class grazing and agricultural land, is Surroundcd by farming properties,
and was purchased from the Crown by the late Mr.Charles Blakey. Title, Crown grant.(P.3, Argus, 5-12-1874.)

I presume that the title for 18 Wannaeue had been transferred from Charles Blakey to (his son?)Richard and this extract from Lake v Jones illustrates why I was confused about the spelling of the surname.

Mr Justice A'beckett said that the facts were uncontradicted. They were that in the year 1871 the defendant who is a fisherman bought a small piece of land for the sum of 4 pounds from the then registered proprietor Richard Blakeley.
LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. EQUITY COURT. FRIDAY, SEPT. 13. (Before His Honour Mr. Justice A'Beckett.) LAKE V. JONES.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 18 September 1889 p 11 Article

2 comment(s), latest 12 months ago

DOCUMENTS: PLACE OF BIRTH OR DEATH; FAMILY HISTORIAN BEWARE!

This warning has been sounded before in regard to registration of births and deaths in country areas, especially in pioneering days where churches and towns were rare. For instance, on the Mornington Peninsula, a birth recorded as being at Point Nepean in the 1850's does not mean that the parents were living there but that an official at the quarantine station was the only registrar available. When townships were proclaimed, registrars, post offices and schools were among the perks but place names on birth and death documents could be misleading. Rye was officially called Tootgarook for well over a decade and a birth registered at Mornington could be described as being at Snapper Point, Schnapper Point or Moorooduc, the name of the parish.

Bullocky Bob White was a resident near Main Creek flowing south from Arthurs Seat for most of his life, maybe from birth and certainly until the last rate record available on microfiche in 1919. His obituary gave his birthplace as Borneo (actually Boneo, a very vague locality circa 1860) and that he died in Rosebud. His death and burial notices described him as a resident of Dromana West! See below.

Often documents and biographies (such as in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS)contain lies. Many bounty passengers lowered their ages on shipping records so they'd qualify for the heavily reduced fare. Bullocky Bob White's obituary's vague year of birth had the same purpose as Robert Henry Adams' lie on his birth certificate that his parents had married before leaving England instead of almost a decade after his birth. My great grandfather gave his year of arrival as 1867 rather than 1864 to hide his indenture to John Hall, being by 1888 a prominent resident and councillor of the Shire of Broadmeadows unwilling to reveal his humble beginnings.

From my CHRONOLOGY (FROM TROVE) OF BURIALS AT DROMANA CEMETERY etc. journal.
5-5-1941. ROBERT JAMES A.K.A. BULLOCKY BOB WHITE.
MR. R. WHITE
Born at Borneo(sic) in the eighteen-fifties*, Mr. Robert White, of Rosebud**,died on Saturday, May 3, at the age of 86*** years. The late Mr. White, whose passing is mourned by a large circle of friends, leaves a widow, a daughter and.seven sons. The funeral took place on Monday, May 5, at Dromana Cemetery.
A service was conducted at the home of Rev. R. C. McLean, who also read the burial service. A tribute to Mr. White's useful life was paid by Cr. Greaves at the graveside. He said that the large attendance at the funeral indicated the high esteem in which deceased had been held by the people in the surrounding districts The late Mr. White had been a good churchman and a fine citizen. Many beautiful floral tributes were sent.
Six of the late Mr. White's sons bore the coffin, and the pall-bearers were:- Messrs. E. Bright, G. James,D. James, J. Hobley, Ivan White, C.White and E. White.(P.5, Standard, 9-5-1941.)

(*Before his mother arrived? **Probably a Rosebud property left to him by Charles and Janet James, his parents.***About 81 if we deduct 1860 from 1941 and if we take his age as gospel, he was born in 1855 when his mother was still in the old country.)

It is generally accepted that Bullocky Bob White was born in about 1860, his mother being Janet White (born 1839 or 1844) who travelled to Australia on the John Linn, arriving in Melbourne on 25-6-1859. His father, Charles James (Born 1831, SALISBURY WILTSHIRE ENGLAND, died 23 01 1907, MORNINGTON VIC) was buried at Dromana Cemetery on what was calculated to be 24-1-1907.

Robert White's birthplace was Boneo, not Borneo but the name was used to describe the area along today's Browns Rd between Main Ridge and Truemans Rd in early days so he could have been born on the James property at Melway 254 J1 or the Cairns brothers' Little Scotland at 170 B10, where Janet's father Robert White (1804-1881) was recorded as renting a hut from the Cairns Bros. in the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment of 1864. As the exact date of Bullocky Bob's birth is not known, Charles White may not have been his biological father; Janet may have become pregnant aboard the John Linn.

The information in Bullocky's obituary was probably the result of his desire to muddy the waters when asked any questions or perhaps on his marriage certificate when he married Hannah Roberts. (Robert Henry Adams of Rosebud did the latter re the year and place of his parents' marriage to disguise his illegitimacy.)

Charles James and JANET WHITE, (Born: 1844 (?) , MENSTRIE CLACKMANNANSHIRE SCOTLAND Married: 25 07 1864, WANNAEUE VIC (MI: 2603) Died: 1921) were not married until after Bullocky was born and their first legitimate child may have been Elizabeth (born 1865) who married William Hobley. Janet's birth year above (1844) was probably from her marriage certificate and another attempt to muddy the waters. Stephen Lynch gives her year of birth as 1839 between Henry (1834) and Ann (1842). Janet' mother, Elizabeth, died shortly after giving birth to Elizabeth (1850-1850) and this was no doubt in her mind when she named her own baby in 1865.

Robert was raised as Robert Charles but that was not what his birth certificate said.He was so incensed at being kept in the dark about the the circumstances of his birth he was said to have cut contact with his mother and changed his name to that on the birth certificate, Robert White. Janet's younger brother, Robert White (born 1849) had probably moved to the Red Hill area by this time and acquired the nickname of Blooming Bob White because he never swore at his bullocks, using this word instead. His nephew, the former Robert James (under which name he was granted 27A1, Wannaeue) was referred to as Bullocky Bob White.
(Sources:PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Stephen Lynch: charles james - Great Southern Pioneers
www.cosy.com.au/gsp/ftdisper.php?&pid=041922)

I'd tried in vain to find Bullocky's death notice with a WHITE ROSEBUD 1941 FAMILY NOTICES search on trove. No wonder I didn't find it. I seem to recall an assessment for "James" on c/a 19 Wannaeue, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave and this was probably where Bullocky was living when he died, and why the funeral procession left from the lighthouse. Only a year or two later his residence would have been described as being in McCrae. Family historians should take notice that the same location was likely to be described by more than one place name until about 1950, that places of birth and death may have been where the event was recorded bby a registrar or a hospital (say in Mornington or Melbourne respectively) where the mother or deceased had been admitted prior to the event because of an expected difficult birth or a serious illness/ incapacity that required expert medical care.

WHITE. —On May 3, at Dromana West, Robert, beloved husband of Mary, fond father of George, Chris, Eden, Ern, Fred, Lily (Mrs. Bright), Jack, and Will, aged 86 years. —At rest. (P.4, Argus, 5-5-1941.)

WHITE-The Friends of ROBERT WHITE late of Main Ridge are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Dromana Cemetery.
The funeral will leave the South Channel Lighthouse at 3 p m THIS DAY (Monday). HECTOR GAMBLE Funeral Director. (P. 4 as above.)