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The Champion Ploughing Match took place yesterday in the Royal Park, near Brunswick. The prizes, consisting of a silver cup and a plough, were carried off by two brothers named Brodie,who are in the employment of Mr.
M'Conachie, of Broadmeadows. (P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 13-8-1858.)

It's not strange that the match took place at Royal Park. The venue would have been the MODEL FARM. It is not strange that Mr Machonochie of "Stewarton" (section 5, parish of Tullamarine)would have employed ploughmen. It is the fact that the Brodie family was involved during the squatting era with huge runs north of Broadmeadows and Bulla Townships, and purchased extensive grants in these areas such as those comprising Dunhelen and Harpsdale.

Isaac Batey wrote in great detail about members of the Brodie family but I don't remember him or anybody else discussing insolvency in regard to the family. The mention of the Brodie brothers scratched the itch of curiosity that I first felt years ago when I saw mention of a Mrs Brodie running a store in Broadmeadows (Township)- found by chance and unlike the above par about the ploughing match, not included in a journal. A brief attempt to find the mention of Mrs Brodie's store at Broadmeadows again indicates that a miracle would be required to do so. I have a feeling that I had seen the report of the ploughing match at the same distant time but not wanting to get side-tracked from my objective at the time, did not follow up why the Brodie brothers would be mere ploughmen for another family rather than assisting on family farms such as Harpsdale and Dunhelen.

Another mystery involves the brothers' acquisition of skill in ploughing. From what I understand, squatters were not allowed to conduct agriculture on their runs, their licences being only for depasturing of stock. It is most likely that they were the sons of David Brodie, the family member most involved in the area, but they may have been David's brothers and therefore sons of George Sinclair Brodie.

Who was Mrs Brodie, the lady running the store at Broadmeadows Township?

Amazingly there doesn't seem to be an AUSTRALIAN DICTIONARY OF BIOGRAPHY entry about G.S., R.S., or David Brodie but- as almost expected- the Craigieburn Historical Interest Group (CHIG) had produced an article which details financial transactions which make it unlikely that family members would become mere ploughmen.

The PIONEERS OF PORT PHILLIP GROUP has published information about the Brodies but this does not seem to be available online.

Perhaps the identities of the ploughmen and the Broadmeadows Township storekeeper, and the reason for their occupations, will be discovered by chance or revealed by family descendants.

The mention of Mrs Brodie was an ADVERTISEMENT and I may not have found it because I limited my search to articles.

AHA! If I say something is on trove, IT IS, even if I can't find it.
MRS. BRODIE, late of Moonee Pomb,H»
to inform tl.o Settlers nail others, lint
she has oponed a Store nt Uroitl'iiwlo*» ml» »
complete Sloe!; nf Grocery, Dinpery. Irouraw
gery.nttd «eneml Stores, all ofu-Lich ski? tnlrudi
Fix this textoffering at Melbourne prices.___

MRS. BRODIE, late of Moonee Ponds, begs to inform the Settlers and others, that she has opened a Store at Broadmeadows with a complete Stock of Grocery, Drapery. Ironmongery and general Stores, all of which she intends
offering at Melbourne prices. (P.4, Argus, 20-11-1851.)

N.B. MOONEE PONDS meant anywhere near the Moonee Ponds Creek and in this case almost certainly DUNHELEN, which extended east from the creek, as indicated by Dunhelen Lane at Melway 385 F11. Mrs Brodie must have been one of the earliest storekeepers in Broadmeadows if not the first. Was Mrs Brodie the widow of Richard Sinclair Brodie? (See the CHIG article.)

GEORGE BRODIE did become insolvent but in 1861 which would not account for the Brodie Bros. becoming employees or Mrs Brodie running a store.
George Brodie, of Melbourne, stock and sharebroker. Causes of insolvency : Losses in mining speculations, bad debts, and depreciation in the value of property. Liabilities, £2674 2s ; assets £2159; deficiency, .-£515 2s. Official assignee, Mr Courtney. (P.5, The Age, 16-5-1861.)

It seems almost certain that one of the brothers was John Brodie.
Ploughing with Horses or Bullocks.
First prize, £10, or a piece of plate of equal value, to No. 4, James Templeton, ploughman to Mr Cochrane.
Second prize, £6, or gold medal, to No. 25, John Brodie, ploughman to Mr Maconachie.(P.5, The Age, 10-6-1858.)

Janilye's comment under the journal would seem to indicate that John was not a son of George Sinclair Brodie.

It is possible that John's brother was David. A report of the first ploughing match run by the Gisborne Agricultural Society (in 1862)shows that David used horse teams and John, bullock teams.

David Brodie of Harpdale was a Presbyterian according to his 1905 obituary. Unfortunately it names only one of his three sons. However, as he was born in about 1836, if he had sons named John and David, they would not have been old enough to be ploughmen circa 1860.

The death notice of David Brodie's widow, Fanny, does name their children. He had a son named David but not one named John.
BRODIE.-On the 7th April at her residence, 271 Park-road, Royal Park, Fanny,relict of the late David Brodie of "Harpsdale" Broadmeadows, and loving mother of Rev. George Sinclair, William McKenzie,(Mrs.J.H.Forsyth), Irene. Frances,Jean and David. Private funeral.(P.1, The Age, 8-4-1931.)

Incidentally the locations (Mickleham, Bulla, Broadmeadows) given for Harpsdale indicate just how vague such descriptions were. The homestead was and is at Melway 385 E5 near the eastern boundary of crown allotment 18, parish of Bulla at the north east corner of that parish and shire. Immediately east was the shire of Broadmeadows. Land added to the estate immediately north was in the parish of Mickleham.

There was a John Brodie, a Roman Catholic, who died at North Melbourne in 1913 and may have been the same one almost murdered at Flemngton in 1859, and others of that name who might have been the ploughman but some clue needs to be found before a line of inquiry is started.

7 comment(s), latest 6 months, 1 week ago


On page 74 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Thomas Ferby is listed as one of those mentioned in George McLear's account books. The only detail supplied was the year, 1863.

In 1865, Thomas Farnby (possibly a spelling error or my wrong decyphering of the rate collector's handwriting) was assessed on 14 acres 1 room house in the Kangerong division (parish of Kangerong including Dromana Township and Jamieson's Special Survey.)

A trove search for "Thomas Fenby" produced one 1868 result related to the Dromana area. Rate records show that Thomas Clooney was in Dromana Township (west of McCulloch St) and Thomas Fenby's 14 acres probably were too.

Dromana (Friday).— Before Messrs . B.Burrell and Robert Anderson. Thomas Fenby was fined £3 and 9s costs for rescuing cattle from Thomas Clooney. The defendant seemed inclined to elect the alternative of a month's
imprisonment, but the fine was ultimately paid.(P.3, The Age, 24-11-1868.)

A "Fenby" search on trove soon led to a 1866 article about a kangaroo hunt at Borneo (Boneo) which shows that William McLear was Thomas Fenby's chief** (boss) and that Fenby was in charge of bringing supplies (obviously from Richard Watkin's FOUR* year old Dromana Hotel) as well as gathering the trophies and delivering same to Watkin. (*ESTABLISHED IN 1862, ACCORDING TO WATKIN IN AN 1880 ADVERTISEMENT, NOT 1857 AS SPOUTED FOR YEARS.)
(** POSTSCRIPT. It suddenly occurred to me that Thomas Fenby was the only driver (of deliveries) and that William McLear was chief of the horsemen whose job was to find mobs of kangaroos and drive them towards the hunters waiting at various points. Therefore William McLear may not have been Thomas Fenby's employer.)


"and now the captain confers with the leader of tho drivers, and it is decided to meet at the ' Cherry Tree.' Tom Fenby receives orders to be there with his horse and dray
to bring home the slaughtered game."

"The horsemen having started on their circuit, the captain, assisted by William M'Lear, the drivers' chief, proceeded to post his men. "

"Various loads of kangaroo having previously been sent on to Mr Richard Watkins, of Dromana, on Wednesday the party sailed for home, having killed nearly two hundred head of kangaroo,besides ducks, teal, pigeons, &c., which were
mostly found near Mr Ford's*, at Borneo."

*This could mean Cr William Ford of "Wannaeue Station" bounded by today's Boneo, Eastbourne, Jetty Rds and a never made government road, (called Hiscock Rd near Truemans Rd) on the south bank of Drum Drum Alloc Creek (Melway 170 E-A 7.)

Mr Ford might also have been Edward Ford, a blacksmith, whose relationship to James and William Ford, if any, has not yet been confirmed. Edward was the grantee of crown allotment 5B, Fingal at Melway 252 H-J 4, now the Boneo Maze and Wetlands Centre.

The waterbirds were most likely near the creek or a waterhole such as Desailley's ( bottom right corner of Melway 252J5 near the Maxwell Rd bend.)


None of the Wannaeue parish maps available online by Googling WANNAEUE, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON shows this cemetery. When I started my Mornington Peninsula research in about August 2010, I asked the shire where I could find rate records and parish maps and received a reply along the lines of DUNNO. Luckily a blonde lady, who thankfully is still working at the Rosebud library as she is really the only one in the library system who shows any interest in my research, showed me the rate records from 1864-1919, and volunteers at the Rye Historical Society went out of their way to provide me with a paper copy of the Wannaeue map. Therefore the map to which I refer should be available at this society's museum in the old schoolhouse in the grounds of Rye Primary School.

My paper copy of the map shows that the cemetery was 300 links (60 metres) east of Rosebud Avenue with a Hove Rd frontage farther east of 700 links* (140 metres.) The block extended 1000 links (200 metres) south to a point at almost the latitude of Herman St., the head of the golfer in Melway 170 H4 being precisely in the south east corner of the seven acres. Waterfall Gully Creek crosses Hove Rd at its north west corner and was on the western boundary and up to about 15 metres east of the south west corner, being virtually parallel with the boundary.The eastern boundary was 20 metres east of the driveway to the Rosebud Tennis Club clubhouse.
(*100 links = 1 chain = 20 metres, or to be precise, 20.1168 metres. 10 square chains = 1 acre = 4000 square metres.)

The map states that the cemetery was gazetted in '77. This should mean 1877, five years after the Rosebud Fishing village was alienated or at about the time that Wannaeue Village (between The Avenue and Parkmore Rd) was alienated, and there were private subdivisions on land between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave (south to South Rd) and R.R.Woolcott's estate between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk.

The Rosebud Tennis Club operated on the foreshore,in front of where the Kindergarten was built, between the C.R.Coleman Park and the Village Green. Exactly when the club was relocated to Hove Rd is unknown but the said cemetery would hardly have been declared in 1977. (oops, see postscript!)

There are only two results on trove for "Rosebud Cemetery" as below. Edward Williams of Eastbourne may have written the death/ burial notice for Sidney Smith Crispo but it could also have been written by Crispo's sister who may have been living in Sydney, SSC himself referred to Eastbourne as being variously at Rosebud and Rye. A Brighton undertaker who submitted Mary Jane Bottomley's funeral notice may have been unaware of Mornington Peninsula cemeteries. As SSC was the most fascinating peninsula pioneer that I have come across, it's a pity that the Mornington Standard did not publish a report of his funeral. SSC's gravestone is at the Rye Cemetery! Perhaps a descendant of Mary Jane and Joseph Bottomley (if there is one) will shed light on the question.

CRISPO.—On the 13th October, at the residence of Mr. Edward Williams, Eastbourne, Rye, Sidney Smith Crispo, late secretary and paymaster,Admiralty Survey, Victoria, aged 71. Buried at Rosebud Cemetery.
(P.1, Argus, 18-10-1899.)

There is little doubt that AMICUS was Edward Williams or his daughter Carrie Williams (whose grave is directly across the main path of Rye Cemetery from that of SSC just before the steep climb commences.)

Small space I crave from you kind sir,
A dead friend's worth to sing ;
Small tribute to his kindly deeds,
A kindly requiem.

God bless thee, Crispo, in thy bed,
With ti-tree blossoms strewn;
God rest the weary heart and head,
For me, all gone too soon.

What though thy brain with fancy teemed,
Fostered and led by fools;
What though thy airy castles gleamed,
Fashioned by dreamland's tools.

Beneath the haze of fancy's dreams,
A kindly heart and true;
An honest hand and steadfast will,
To fight life's battle through.

Take then thy well-earned rest, old friend,
Short space of time, and we
May meet thee on that brighter shore,
Au revoir S. S. C.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1899.)

BOTTOMLEY. — On the 18th May, at Brighton,Mary Jane, relict of the late Joseph Bottomley,born Adelaide 1850, and late of Warrnambool,aged 81 years.

BOTTOMLEY. — The Friends of the late Mrs.MARY JANE BOTTOMLEY are most respectfully informed that her remains will be interred in the Rosebud Cemetery. The funeral will leave J. Monkhouse and Son's Funeral Parlour, Carpenter street, Brighton, Tomorrow (Wednesday), at 10 a.m. (Both P.8, Argus, 19-5-1931.)

Mary Jane Bottomley (born Wasley), 1850 - 1931
Mary Jane Bottomley (born Wasley) was born on month day 1850, at birth place, to John Wasley and Mary Ann Wasley (born Spargo).
John was born circa 1823, in St Day, Cornwall, England.
Mary was born circa 1831, in Redruth, Cornwall, England.
Mary had one sister: Elizabeth Ann Freeman (born Wasley).
Mary married Joseph Bottomley on month day 1867, at age 17 at marriage place.
Joseph was born circa 1836, in London, England.
They had 10 children: Alfred Joseph Bottomley, Edwin Harold Bottomley and 8 other children.
Mary passed away on month day 1931, at age 81 at death place.
She was buried on month day 1931, at burial place.

My attempt to find a funeral notice for Mary Jane's late husband was unsuccessful, so on an impulse, I looked at another Wannaeue paper map I'd obtained at the P.R.O.V. I'd enlarged some sections of the map so I could read the details on the Rosebud Fishing Village lots and one enlarged section showed the details on the 7 acre reserve for the cemetery on Hove Rd that could be read clearly without a magnifying glass. The cemetery reserve was proclaimed in 1927 not 1877 or 1977 (Gaz. 27 2984.)

Therefore Sidney Smith Crispo's burial was definitely at the RYE cemetery.

Hopefully a descendant of Joseph and Mary Bottomley can tell us where they were buried. There is no record of their burials at Warrnambool, Brighton, Dromana or Rye.


(As my additional information re the early pioneers of Tullamarine in the 1850's (BEECH, PURVIS, HENDRY) will not submit in that journal, any information that I discover until that can be achieved will be posted here.)
The following shows that John Beech's Wiltshire Store of 1852 had become the Beech Tree Hotel by mid 1855. It also shows that John was an enthusiastic member of the community.

Minutes of the first meeting of the Victoria
Volunteer Yeomanry Corps, held at Woodlands.
June 16th, 1855, Rawdon Greene, Esq., in the
The following members having been duly
sworn :
Thomas Bertram, John Raleigh, Alfred Locke,
W. F. Greene, Robert Laudale, George Mel-
ville, Dugald M'Phail, James Duncan, Thomas
Branagan, James Miller, Archibald Forsyth,
David Patulla, George Harris, James Daniel, Al-
exander M'Kintosh, John M'Nab, William Smith,
John Beech, Angus M'Nab, Henry Mosely. (etc.)

3rd. Proposed by Mr Smith, and seconded by
Mr. Laudale,
That Mr Rawdon Greene Mr. Raleigh, Mr.
Bertram, Mr. Smith, Dr. Harris, Mr. William
Greene, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Miller, Mr. M'Phail, Mr.
M'Kintosh, do form a commlttee, five of whom to
form a quorum, for the purpose of framing a code
of rules to be submitted to the meeting on 30th
June; and, that this committee meets at the Beech
Tree Hotel on Saturday, 33rd June, at one o'clock
(P.5, Argus, 20-6-1855.)

In 29 years of research, I have not come across any mention of the Laudale, Forsyth or Mosely families.

Thomas Bertram was at Glengyle (Melway 14 G-H2) near Browns Rd and a ramp just near the corner house led down to a ford, known for generations afterwards as Bertram's ford which provided access to and from Keilor Village until 1906 when the Arundel bridge was completed not long after William John Mansfield and his namesake son were drowned at Bertram's ford.

John Raleigh was probably from Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows south of Kenny St) where Raleigh St is a main street and its first school was conducted in a building provided by Mr Raleigh according to the Westmeadows Primary School history.

The Locke family was much involved in Essendon's history, Richard Locke being one of the original councillors of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington elected at its formation on 25-1-1862. (P. 13, Bob Chalmers' THE ANNALS OF ESSENDON.)

W.F.Greene was probably the younger brother of Rawdon and son of William Pomeroy Greene who established Woodlands circa 1843. (See street names below.)

George Melville was probably by this time running the Inverness Hotel at Oaklands Junction (Melway 177 J 11 near Perimeter Rd) and was still doing so when the Shire of Bulla was formed about seven years later and he allowed the shire free use of a room as an office and for meetings until the old shire hall ( was built near the Bulla end of Somerton Rd, named after William Pomeroy Greene (a fact that seemed to escape the notice of Melway); Rawdon St was named after his son.

Dugald McPhail, in 1855, could have been on James Robertson's Spring Hill at Aberfeldie where the first services of the Presbyterian congregation that formed St John's were held, Dugald being acknowledged as the Church's founder, or Rose Hill east of Steeles Creek between the road of that name and Braybrook road (Buckley St.)

James Duncan was probably living on Gowrie Park, the operational area of Melbourne Airport west from the terminal building to the line of McNabs Rd, and son of David Duncan the co-grantee of the land.

Mr Miller owned land to the east of Aberfeldie, known as Miller's Paddock as well as a property called Ringwood near the east end of Holmes Rd, Moonee Ponds. James was probably his son.

Thomas Brannigan came out with the Greenes as their groom and may have by this time established St Johns at the west side of the start of Konagaderra Rd opposite Harpsdale.
(See I.W.Symonds' BULLA BULLA.)

David Patullo may have found the first gold in Victoria while working for Mr Rigg near Donnybrook but his workmates thought it was fool's gold. Perhaps they were the fools because the proceeds of his discovery may have enabled his purchase of "Craigbank" (Melway 384 A 10, 11 east to Deep Creek.)

George Harris may have been related to Thomas L. Harris who was the Bulla Shire engineer and departed amid a scandal a decade and a half later.( HOWEVER, the mention of Dr Harris makes this unlikely. Trove gives little information about the doctor.

James Daniel may have been a member of the Daniel family which established "Narbonne" near Daniels Rd (Melway 177 K4) not far north of "Woodlands". See Symonds' BULLA BULLA.

"James Mcintosh - who spent just two years on the (Boroadmeadows Road) Board and apparently left the district*" was probably related to Alexander. (James did not leave the district; he moved a mile or so west into the Bulla Road District! (* P. 47, BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

John and Duncan McNab would have been on the southern 320 acres* of section 8 Tullamarine south of John Grant's "Seafield". (*Melway 4 G 8, 9 east to 5 A7 roughly.)

William Smith was almost certainly the proprietor of the original Young Queen Hotel at Pascoeville (Melway 16 H8 near Bass St), having bought it from John Watson in December 1842 according to P. 17 BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.) He'd earlier been involved at Bulla.

John Beech. The location of his hotel is given above. By 1861, he'd moved to the Woodend area and advertised his hotel to lease by tender.

In 1857, William McNab was working as a servant at the Beech Tree Hotel for John Beech and was called as a witness in a court case regarding a robbery at the hotel.

As stated earlier John Beech was in the Woodend area by 1861 when he advertised the Beech Tree Hotel for lease by tender. It seems that he was at Newham, as was Thomas Purvis (of Springhill, Newham), possibly the brother of John Beech's wife. In the 1850's, Thomas had land across Post Office Lane at Tullamarine from the land John Beech purchased through J.p.Fawkner's land cooperative on 1-5-1851, and also land on Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate near the Andersons. If I remember correctly, his wife Mary Jane, who died at Springhill in 1873, was an Anderson girl. (To be confirmed on Victorian BDM!)

W O O D E N D.
One of the largest funerals that ever took place in the district was that of Mrs. Purvis, the wife of Mr. Thomas Purvis of Newham, who was interred in the Woodend Cemetery on Tuesday, the 21st inst. There were between two and three hundred persons present,from Woodend, Newham, Kyneton and surrounding districts, this numerous attendance showed the high esteem and respect in which the deceased lady as well as all the members of the family have been and are held by the residents of the neighbourhood. (P.2, The Kyneton Observer, 23-1-1873.)

Thomas died in 1876, his funeral procession, with 100 horsemen and 50 vehicles, moving from the 470 acre Spring Hill to Woodend cemetery on 29-10-1876. (Keilor Guardian P.3, 28-10-1876 and P.2, 1-11-1876.)

The following gentlemen have been appointed by the Board of Education, members of the local committees of the undermentioned schools—Gisborne school, John Connell; Newham school, James Anderson, John Beech, and Richard Adams. (P.2, The Kyneton Observer, 27-4-1869.)

1 comment(s), latest 6 months, 1 week ago


This is not a good time for Victorian BDM to be offline due to scheduled maintenance!

BEECH.--On the 17th January, 1908 at 214 Drummond street south, Mary, relict of John Beech,late of Toolamba;aged 79. Colonist of 68 years. (P.4, The Ballarat Star, 18-1-1908.)

BEECH.—On the 1st inst, at his residence, Toolamba, John Beech, one of the earliest settlers of Victoria, aged 60 years. Deeply regretted. Wiltshire papers please copy.(P.1, Argus, 10-4-1882.)

I recently discovered that the Lady of the Lake Hotel was burnt down between February and October of 1961, and that the Beech Tree Hotel was operating by the latter month. Tonight I found that a fellow called Powell had won the tender to carry mail to the Beech Tree in 1859. John Beech had earlier run a store on the site of this hotel but as it had a different name, which I might never find again*, the hotel would seem to have been operating by that time.**

Lost, from Barkers Creek Diggings, in November last, two red walking bullocks, one branded AT off rump', 895 off thigh, JW near shoulder, and one stag steer, branded ON off rump.
Any one bringing the same to John Beech, Wiltshire Store, Mount Macedon Road, will receive the above reward.
JAMES PURVIS. 9th February, 1852. (P.3, Argus, 10-2-1852.)

**The Argus Saturday 9 April 1859 p 5 Article.)

It was certainly operating in 1860 (as was the Inverness, just beyond the north end of today's N-S runway at Melbourne Airport.) The Lady of the Lake was obviously closed but the O'Nial girls watched the procession through the Cape Broom hedge.

Google BEECH TREE, TULLAMARINE, click on this site and you'll get the right page.
(Following Burke and Wills Across Australia: A Touring Guide
Dave Phoenix - 2015 - ‎Science
Large trees alive with cockatoos and colourful parrots lined the route, which ... the Bulla Road, passing by the Beech Tree Hotel and Tullamarine village, where a ..)

As John Beech's death notice described him as one of the earliest settlers of Victoria, I found details of his marriage which, as the death notices show, gave the wrong name for his wife, unless she had the given names of Margaret AND Mary.

John Beech wed Margaret Purvis in 1846 at Church of England St James, Melbourne.

Mary Beech (Purvis)
Birthdate: 1828 (80)
Birthplace: Cookstown, Cookstown, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Death: January 17, 1908 (80)
Ballarat City, Victoria, Australia
Place of Burial: Buried at Ballarat New Cemetery/Victoria, Australia
Immediate Family:
Daughter of Henry Purvis and Margaret Purvis
Wife of John Beech
Mother of Martha Groves; Robert Beech; James Beech; John Beech; William Edmund Beech and 3 others
Sister of Henry Purvis
(Mary Beech (Purvis) (1828 - 1908) - Genealogy - Geni

Nothing ties the above John and Mary Beech to Tullamarine EXCEPT FOR MARY'S MAIDEN NAME, PURVIS.

My 1999 Melway is useless as a road directory in any area near Tullamarine because early subdivision lots sold by J.F.L.Foster and J.P.Fawkner have been transposed on those maps, especially between Tullamarine Junction and Grants Lane. Thomas Purvis bought about 15 acres (Melway 5 parts F-G 3) from Foster (volume 30 folio 772) and ON 1-5-1851, John Beech bought land (possibly about 30 of the 56 or so acres always associated with the hotel) adjoining the Purvis land to the north in Melway 5 F-G 10.part 11 (volume M folio 481.)

Thomas Purvis also bought lots 14, 47 and 28 of J.Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate in 5 F-G 8.

A member of the Hendry family was Tullamarine's first official postmaster. (ELECTORAL REGISTRARS: Tullamarine - James Hendry, postmaster.(P.6, Argus, 23-4-1864.)

By special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry, youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth, Scotland.(P.4, Argus, 4-7-1855.)

James Purvis was the four years younger brother of Mary who married John Beech. (Parents Henry and Margaret.)
Name James Purvis
Born 1832 Cookstown, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
Gender Male
Died 1915 New Zealand
Person ID I18688 Purvis Family Tree
Last Modified 24 Jun 2007
Father Henry Purvis, b. 1798, Cookstown, Derryloran, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland d. 10 May 1870, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Age 72 years)
Mother Margaret Parkes, b. 1799, d. 1871, Victoria, Australia (Age 72 years)
Married 1817 County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
Family ID F7455 Group Sheet
Family Christina Hendry, b. 1835
Married 1855 Victoria, Australia
1. Child Purvis, b. 1856, d. 185?/6?
2. David Alexander Purvis, b. 1857, Tullamarine, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia d. 1927 (Age 70 years)
3. James Henry Purvis, b. 1859, Tullamarine, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia d. 1873 (Age 14 years)
4. William John Purvis, b. 1862, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia(Age 3 years)
5. Ellen Purvis, b. 1864, New Zealand d. 1866 (Age 2 years)
6. Mary Christina Purvis, b. 1866, New Zealand d. 1???
7. Annie Jane Purvis, b. 1868, New Zealand d. 1???
8. Minnie Purvis, b. 1869, d. 1???
9. Elizabeth Purvis, b. 1871, New Zealand d. 1???
10. Henry Thomas Purvis, b. 10 Aug 1873, East Taieri, Otago, New Zealand d. 1873, East Taieri, Otago, New Zealand
11. James Purvis, b. 1874, New Zealand d. 1874 (Age 0 years)
+ 12. Samuel Purvis, b. 1876, New Zealand d. 19??
13. Child Purvis, b. 187?/8?

More may be discovered.

The Beech Tree was advertised for lease by tender in 1861 but the name of the owner was not supplied, more likely that of an agent. Every mention of the hotel in the 1860's apart from said advertisement was in relation to elections and did not mention the proprietor until 1866 when James Tenniel was running the hotel. James died in 1874 and his widow married Noah Holland, a drover who used to bring cattle from Lancefield to the Newmarket saleyards, spelling them overnight on his 6 acre block,a tad south of directly opposite the Beech Tree, which is now the 7 acre Melrose Drive Reserve, Handlen's acre block having been added at the north side of the reserve some time after 1971.

The owner in 1861 was John Beech who had started his move north according to his timeline. John's marriage in 1846 is not included. John's age at the time of each birth is given.

John Beech's Timeline
1822 April 1, 1822 Birth of John Frome, Somerset, England, United Kingdom

December 22, 1822 Baptism of John, Corsley, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom

1848 April 27, 1848 Age 26 Birth of Martha Groves

1850 October 24, 1850 Age 28 Birth of Robert Beech Brunswick, Moreland City, Victoria, Australia

1853 1853 Age 30 Birth of James Beech Victoria, Australia

1855 May 5, 1855 Age 33 Birth of John Beech Tullamarine, Victoria, Australia

1861 August 8, 1861 Age 39 Birth of William Edmund Beech Woodend, Macedon Ranges Shire, Victoria, Australia

1863 1863 Age 40 Birth of Sarah Louisa Bond Newham, Macedon Ranges Shire, Victoria, Australia

1865 November 18, 1865 Age 43 Birth of Henry Beech Newham, Macedon Ranges Shire, Victoria, Australia

The "Beech, Purvis, Hendry" connection seems to have been maintained as there was a Hendry at Toolambra later and Sarah Louisa, born in 1863, married a Kiwi.

1861. TO LET, by TENDER, If any acceptable tender be sent in before the 16th February, the BEECH TREE HOTEL, Tullamarine, with an adjacent cottage, and with or without 25 or 55 acres of land. The hotel furniture to be taken at a valuation. J. B.Watson, 81 Elizabeth street, Melbourne.(P.1, Argus, 8-2-1861.)

Why did John want to move? The road to Bulla had been THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS until Samuel Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854. By 1861, the road to Bulla was splendid but seldom used and the destruction of the Lady of the Lake by fire prior to October 1861 may not have been accidental. Farmers carting hay and drovers such as Noah Holland sustained the hotel that John built (and its replacement after the 1892 fire) for another 50 years until it was delicensed but the regular turnover of proprietors shown in rate records indicated that it was not hugely profitable.

1866. Broadmeadows. — At the Broadmeadows police court, yesterday, James William Baker was charged with stealing a saddle and bridle, the property of James Tenniel, of the Beech Tree Hotel, Tullamarine, on the night of the 15th inst.(etc.) (P.6, The Age, 26-9-1866.)

1892. FIRE AT TULLAMARINE. The Beech Tree Hotel, at Tullamarine, was burned to the ground yesterday morning. (etc.) (P. 6, The Age, 3-2-1892.)

1889. BOND–BEECH.—On the 10th October, at the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. John Beech, Malvern-road,Prahran, by the Rev. John Burton, of Box Hill, Geo.Huntley Bond, eldest son of G. B. Bond of Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand, to Sarah Louisa, daughter of the late Mr.John Beech, of Toolamba, Victoria, and granddaughter of the late Mr. Beech, Wiltshire, England.(P.44, Leader, 26-10-1889.)

1929. SELLING AGENTS' REPORTS. 58 crossbred and comeback, G.Y.Hendry,Toolamba;(P.8, The Age, 10-4-1929.)

It's a fair bet that G.Y.Hendry, who served in W.W.1, knew Noah Holland fairly well.

HENDRY.—On February 9 (suddenly),George Young Hendry, 87 Athol st.,Moonee Ponds, beloved husband of Blanche, loved father of Gordon,Hugh, Margaret, and Rosemary. —At rest.(P.12, Argus, 10-2-1949.)

Stockman Dies at Sale Yards
Mr. George Hendry, of Athol-street, Moonee Ponds, collapsed and died during sales at Newmarket stock yards yesterday. Mr. Hendry, who was a stockman employed by Quiney, Mawbey and Co., was assisting at the sale of a pen of bullocks. He has been a well-known figure at Newmarket yards for the past 30 years.(P.3, The Age, 10-2-1949.)

John Beech died in 1882. James was the eldest son and had probably inherited his father's farm which John Snr. seems to have selected in 1872.
The following transfers have been registered at the Office of Titles- :....;James Beech,Toolamba West, to John Beech, farmer,Toolamba West.(P.2, Riverine Herald, 19-2-1883.)

71. Beech, John, Toolamba, 229a 2r 10p, on Winter's run. Recommended.(P.2, Riverine Herald, 24-2-1872.)

GEORGE YOUNG HENDRY, according to his enlistment details, was not a member of the Tullamarine family but was probably related. There was a youngster named George Hendry at Tullamarine and it seems that his father had died by 1873.

A melancholy accident, resulting in the death of a boy seven years old, named George Hendrie, occurred on Friday last, at Tullamarine, near Broadmeadows. At an inquest begun by Mr. Candler on the 18th, and concluded on the 20th inst, evidence was given to the effect that at about 4 o'clock on the afternoon of Friday, the 17th inst., the deceased boy returned from school, passed the house of his stepfather, James Cousins*, went into the paddock of a Mr. Evans, and got upon top of a stack of hay which was being built, and busied himself taking hay off the top of a fork, with which Mr. Evans was reaching the hay to the top of the stack.

There was a short ladder against the stack,and Mr. Evans placed the fork against the top of the ladder. The boy then began to descend, and tried to reach the top of the short ladder with his feet, while he endeavoured to regulate his movements with the hay fork. Mr. Evans, who was standing at hand, went to the foot of the stack, and warned him to be careful, but the boy did not succeed in reaching the ladder, and fell. Mr. Evans caught him in his arms, and the boy as he fell cried out, "Oh dear!" Mr. Evans saw blood coming from the mouth of the boy, who died immediately. The mother and stepfather heard the boy was hurt, and rushing up in a state of great excitement, accused Mr. Evans of having murdered their boy. When examined at the inquest they said they had no reason to suspect that any injuries had been inflicted wilfully. Dr. E. Barker, made a post-mortem examination, and stated that there were two punctured wounds in the left breast of the deceased, such as would be caused by the prongs of a hay fork. One of the wounds had penetrated the aorta and had caused death. The jury found that the deceased died of a punctured wound of the aorta, and that there was no evidence to show how he came by it, but that in their opinion the wound was accidentally sustained.(P.21, The Australasian, 25-1-1873.)

*Other appointments are made as follow -Bernard Cousins, Tullamarine, to be electoral registrar for the Tullamarine division of the electoral district of West Bourke, and deputy electoral registrar for the Broadmeadows and Bulla and the Merriang and Darebin divisions of the Southern Province, vice J.Hendry, resigned.
(P.5, Argus, 20-1-1883.)

HENDRY. — On the 1st inst., at Tullamarine, Mr James Hendry, aged forty-two. Perth papers please copy.
(P.7, The Age, 25-4-1866.)

I'd first seen the above tragic tale three years ago, probably when I wrote my journal about hotels near Tullamarine or Robert George Ely, a pioneer of Keilor, who was teaching at Tullamarine, obviously the one in the present Cherie St bend which had started as a Wesleyan school in the 1850's. In 1884, this school, which was right across Bulla Rd from the Junction Hotel, was closed along with the Seafield School and replaced by Tullamarine State School 2613 at the Conders Lane corner. John Blanche, who'd taught at the school near the junction for many years offered the block he'd bought from Foster (volume 179 folio 880), between today's Trade Park Drive and the south boundary of Trade Park Reserve, as a site for the new school, but the inspector Mr Ware, said it was far too close to the Beech Tree Hotel.

The two Hendry lads in the following article were almost certainly brothers of the ill-fated George. They were obviously not Methodists like the Nash and Parr families and had lacked the steadying hand of a father as they approached manhood.

(Before Messrs. Davies (chairman),Puckle, Swan, Bellair, and Filson,J's.P.)
Alexander Hendry, James Hendry and Joseph Jackson were charged with using obscene language on the 30th September at Tullamarine.

Richard Glazer, licensee of the Bench Tree Hotel and Richard Craven of the Junction Hotel stated the prisoners
came to their respective houses at one o'clock on Sunday morning and called for drinks as they were travellers. They supplied them. They then left and went towards the State school.Michael Robert Nolan, constable stationed at Broadmeadows, gave evidence as to the arrest of the prisoners on their way to Moonee Ponds. The Bench
considered the case had not been proved and discharged prisoners.

A second charge of wilfully destroying State school property at Tullamarine was preferred against them by Constable Nolan. Richard Craven, Junction Hotel stated the prisoners came to his hotel at one o'clock in the morning, had drinks and then went away in the direction of the State school. He saw them close to the school and afterwards heard hammering in the school. Had no doubt the three men he saw cross the road were the prisoners.

Robert Ely, State school teacher, at Tullamarine, informed the Bench that he left the school at 3.30 on Friday. He locked the door. When he returned on Monday morning found the doors burst in and the school disarranged.
Some of the copy books were written on and torn. He assessed the damage at 11s.

Constable Nolan said on the Sunday he was told that the prisoners had been at Tullamarine creating a disturbance. He then went to the school and foundthe door had been prized open and the copy books strewn about the floor. Some of the books were torn and disfigured by writing, he also found the reading books on the main road outside the school. He afterwards arrested the prisoners near Moonee Ponds, they were all under the influence of liquor at the time.

The prisoners who pleaded not guilty, on being asked if they had anything to say,declared they had never been near the school and called at no house till they reached Parr's on the way to Melbourne.Mr. Davies said they were of opinion that the case had been proved, and fined each 20s. with 5s. costs and 12s. compensation.
(P.3, North Melbourne Advertiser, 5-10-1883.)

2 comment(s), latest 6 months, 2 weeks ago

ELIZA WILLOUGHBY? WHOSE WIDOW WOULD SHE BE? (Tasmania and Victoria, Australia.)

Eliza Willoughby?
Whose widow would she be?
His claim as founder caused Fawkner's jealousy!
His identity in this article you will see.


Her legacy lives in Mt. Eliza's name*;
Her tragic end a dreadful shame;
Two daughters married blokes named Collyer;
Find out more on Wikipedia.


One or both of the Mesdames Collier, according to a rumour
Were said to be buried at Toolern Vale; as in my Dictionary History of Bulla.
It wasn't true, there was no evidence,
But they probably both were residents.


*Mt Eliza was supposedly named by Captain William Hobson of the Rattlesnake after his wife but the person so honoured doesn't seem to be documented except in an account of the Rattlesnake's survey of the Bay.
225 Mount Martha and Mount Eliza were named by one of the lieutenants of the Rattlesnake, in compliment to Mrs. Lonsdale and Mrs. Batman, respectively.
226 Part of the description of H.M.S. Rattlesnake' s first visit to Port Phillip is based on the private journal
held in the National Library of Australia) kept by the ship's gunnery officer, John Henry Norcock. See HRV 1, pp. 64-77.


MOONEE PONDS as used in the first decades of Victoria's permanent settlement did not mean the present suburb but "somewhere near the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds" (Moonee Ponds Creek.)

Today's Strathmore consists of the part of section 16 Doutta Galla east of Bulla Rd, section 15, east of today's Carnarvon/ Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and section 23 (known in early times as St John's) north of section 15 to the Moonee Ponds Creek, whose south west corner was just south of the Nomad Rd, Vaughan St corner.

Title documents for section 23 mentioned a 123 acre farm leased by a Mr Dunn which became known as Dunn's Farm but I was not sure whether this Mr Dunn was Henry Dunn or a Thomas Dunn AND there was no way that the whole farm could have been in section 23. Sir John Franklin was the owner of the 123 acre farm and title documents regarding section 15 showed that 12 acres of Dunn's farm was actually the northern portion of section 15 which John Murray Peck had fenced in 1882 when he moved onto the part of section 15 purchased by William Smith and immediately south of Sir John Franklin's section 15 purchase. Peck paid the rates for this 12 acre block but never claimed title. After Peck's death, J. English bought Lebanon and claimed title for the 12 acres through adverse possession.

Across the creek from St John's was John Pascoe Fawkner's grant, crown allotment 151 Jika Jika of 709 acres, north to the line of about Victoria St/Rhodes Pde where it adjoined the Glenroy estate and east to Northumberland Rd, Pascoe Vale. In about 1842, Fawkner was forced to sell the land east of Pascoe Vale Rd because of losses from his squatting venture near today's Monegeetta but his Belle Vue Park across the creek from St John's was in his wife's name and could not be sequestered. Fawkner had established the Pascoeville Village just north of the Pascoe Vale bridge and the Young Queen Hotel became a landmark. William Smith (from whom Peck purchased his section 15 land in about 1881) was running the hotel when in 1847 he was accused of murdering his servant, which might account for Mr Parslowe being in charge of the hotel at the time of the robbery at THOMAS DUNN'S farm in 1848*.

Major St John's corruption as a Crown Land Commissioner was exposed by Fawkner who was sued by St John, found guilty and fined a token pittance. Disgraced, St John left the colony. Sir John Franklin added section 23 to his several purchases in the area and leased Dunn's Farm to the mysterious Mr Dunn. Thomas Dunn's home would have been near today's Lebanon Reserve, just across the creek from the Young Queen.


This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St. John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres.

Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).
On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to “Nursery Corner”. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunn’s Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunn’s farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.

On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklin’s land went 295 links (59 METRES) south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).

46645. John M.English.
Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.
1080 pounds.
Claim by possession.
L.R.O. Sir John Franklin
(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.
John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application
(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)
(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of “200 acres Doutta Galla” owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kelly’s former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.
His application states (inter alia)
That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed
That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923
He occupies under Co lease-
That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:
All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.
Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.
19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck
456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A
(Of course the future author of “Memoirs of a Stockman” should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)
He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.

Thomas Dunn later bought portions of section 15. Details can be supplied on request.


While looking for early references to "Springs" near Tullamarine, I came across an 1839 article about the Port Phillip District's harbours and rivers.

Having discovered that the Maribyrnong River was first called the Arndell by Hume and Hovell in 1924, I wondered what I'd find if I googled, ARDNELL RIVER, MELBOURNE, and found a fantastic article about the history of Melbourne's western suburbs with some great historic photos.

Unfortunately the wrong source was consulted about the Arndell River, as the Arndell was confused with the Exe, BUT the origin of the name (as confirmed below) was explained.

Hovell, William Hilton (1786–1875)

by T. M. Perry

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 1, (MUP), 1966

William Hilton Hovell (1786-1875), sailor, explorer and settler, was born on 26 April 1786 at Yarmouth, Norfolk, England. He went to sea as a boy and by 1808 commanded a vessel trading with South America. In London on 10 May 1810 he married Esther, a daughter of Surgeon Thomas Arndell, and in November 1811 applied for permission to settle in New South Wales. (etc.)


POSTSCRIPT. The earliest reference that I had seen to the hotel was in 1849 but that has changed as of 6:50 on 27-11-2017. HENCE THE TITLE OF THIS JOURNAL HAS BEEN SLIGHTLY ALTERED IN REGARD TO THE HOTEL'S YEAR OF ESTABLISHMENT. The hotel was already occupied in February 1846 and could have been established well before that*. The 52 or 54 acre farm mentioned as being seven miles from Melbourne was probably at about Melway 16 C7 if the stated distance is correct. The 10 km arc equivalent to 6.21371 miles, passes through the Tullamarine Freeway/Bulla Road interchange on the Melway key map. 11-2-1846
* It is more than likely that David William O'Nial's hotel had been built in late 1845 as his first application for a licence that has been found was refused on 21-4-1846.

The Victorian Farmers Journal and Gardeners Chronicle (Melbourne, Vic. : 1860 - 1862) Saturday 19 October 1861 p 16 Article
At a distance of about twelve miles from
Melbourne, on the road to Bulla, is situated
Tullamarine, hamlet, village, or township,
whichever it may be, but under which of these
designations it now ranks we should be rather
perplexed to decide. Time was, when Tulla-
marine might have hoped for development into
a full-blown village, but that was ere railways
had an existence, and before also the now
capitally metalled, but little used road, had re-
placed the rugged and at times im-
passable bush track, the only faci-
lity afforded for travellings in those days.
It was then that butchers, bakers, and store
keepers, plied an active trade with the multi-
tude of draymen who thronged to the levées of
the “Lady of the Lake,” (peace to her ashes)
alas, no more. The “Beech Tree” alone now
offers the shade of its wide spreading branches,
as a rest for the thirsty traveller
; the slight
wooden tenements, in which a thriving business
once was done, are apparently deserted, and the
traffic on the road is insufficient to prevent the
metal becoming nearly as verdant as the fields.(ETC.)

An attempt to find an article about the destruction of the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Tullamarine occupied hours with not one result being found. However, I'd known of the above article for years and it indicates that by 19-10-1861 this hotel had been burnt to the ground and that the Beech Tree Hotel was already in operation, information that I don't recall being in R.K.Coles' COLLECTION OF HOTEL RECORDS. (I no longer have my notes from this source but it certainly did not mention the demise of the Lady of the Lake and if I remember correctly, the first mention of the Beech Tree concerned a ball held in 1864.

Here is some information about the Lady of the Lake.
THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Melway 5 H11.)This hotel was established by David William O'Nial. His wife's name was Ellen. David O'Nial died. Ellen O'Nial did not die! I suspected 23 years ago that Ellen O'Nial did not die when I was researching Broadmeadows rate records in relation to John Cock who leased a farm called "Broombank" from 1867 until 1882, when he started a lease on Donald Kennedy's "Dundonald Estate" between Broadmeadows Township and Gellibrand Hill.

He was followed on "Broombank" by the Williams family. One of the sons of that family, Colin Williams, was 99 when I first met him. Colin told me of the many coins found by his father while ploughing.

David and Ellen O'Nial had four daughters; two of them married but the ones Colin told me about were the two spinsters, Catherine and Minnie. These two were well-known to Colin and to Harry Heaps and Maggie Loft, another two of my informants.

Catherine and Minnie told Colin how they had peered through the Cape Broom hedge that gave Broombank its name as the Burke and Landells expedition passed on its way to the second encampment near the site of the Inverness Hotel. Because of childhood attachments such as this momentous occasion in Australian history, when the ownership of Broombank passed to the two spinsters, who lived in Docker St, Richmond according to the rate records, they refused to sell the property.

After the Williams moved, Ray Loft (son of Tommy Loft of Dalkeith) leased Broombank for many years until, on the death of the last remaining spinster, he was finally able to purchase the farm. Ray lived in the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St on Tommy's subdivision. The Broombank homestead was over 80 years old and probably a restorer's delight as the real estate agents put it.

Colin Williams, who showed me a photo of the building, told me that it was at the end of a 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd; When Ray Loft subdivided Broombank in 1952, he named the drive after his wife, Maggie (nee Millar.) The homestead was NOT*, of course, the old Lady of the Lake Hotel! John Cock told Colin's dad that it was haunted.
(*POSTSCRIPT 26-11-2017. As the hotel was mere ashes by October 1861- as described in the farms article- it could not have been the same building as the homestead.)

Okay I'll fess up! Firstly, you probably wondered what this Burke and Landells business was. Landells, who organised the camels was second in charge but left in a huff. William Wright (not Tulip) was engaged to replace him but lingered at Menindee, thus causing the deaths of Burke, Wills and Gray.Secondly, Mrs Ellen O'Nial did not die, but Mrs Ellen Beaman , relict of the late David William O'Nial did. I thank the Broadmeadows rate collector for filling in the details regarding the owner of the 33/37 acres that John Cock was leasing- R.Beaman. Without this detail I would never have thought of googling Beaman.

Before moving onto a chronology with the aid of trove, I need to tell you about SPRINGS , which was given as the location of the Lady of the Lake. Springs was a very vague location, about as vague as Moonee Moonee Ponds, which is mentioned in my historical howlers journal. The fact that SPRINGS was on the way to both Keilor and Bulla made Isaac Batey think that Jack O'Nial may have also operated the Springfield Inn on Keilor Rd. Spring St, Tullamarine and Spring St, Niddrie are reminders of how vague the location name was.

By 1849 the name Springs was used to describe the location of Sandy Smith of "Norwood" (Melway 27 E2-3), James Laverty of "Spring Vale" (15 E9) and David O'Nial of the Lady of the Lake (5 H 11.)This obviously created confusion so by 1856 Bernard Cavenagh (sic, Kavanagh) of Springfield, James Collier (55 acres 2 roods and 3 perches comprising the northern part of the Niddrie quarry- east of Quinn Grove Reserve), Patrick Phelan of Spring Park (bisected by McNamara Ave)and Edward Fegan, operator of the North Pole Inn, were all described as living at Springfield. You might find something common to most of the farm names; they have spring as the first part of the name. Add to these James Robertson's Spring Hill, which became Aberfeldie!

Why a 10 year lease was issued to William and John Foster in 1840 for Leslie Park is beyond me, for by the end of 1842, land in the parish of Tullamarine was put up for alienation (purchase from the Crown.) William V.Leslie Foster received the grants for section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla on opposite sides of Sharps Rd and west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John Foster received the grant for 20 Doutta Galla, between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Dr.) and the river, which was later called "Spring Farm" (The Argus, 29-11-1867 p.2). It is likely that the brothers called all of this land "The Springs" as by 1850 there was a school on it with "The Springs" used to describe its location. The name was also used to describe the Fosters' property in the case of a murder that took place on the road to Keilor in, I think, 1843.Why would they call their property "The Springs"?

The Fosters were early squatters, John Vasey Leslie Foster (later John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster) had challenged Dr Farquhar McCrae to a duel over the transfer of the Eumemmerring run (which accounts for Foster and McCrae Sts in the heart of Dandenong) and in 1840, John and his older brother, William, were given a 10 year lease on Leslie Park, which Sam Merrifield stated was located at Essendon. (Sam Merrifield, who was born in the old Wordsworth house on the south side of the Strathconnan Square/ Melrose Dr. corner, according to Harry Heaps,became a much loved member of parliament and historian; the Moonee Ponds Library is named after him.)

Back to the origin of the name. In the 1860 Geological Survey Map at a spot north of the present Camp Hill Park (Melway 15 J1) is written "a constant supply of excellent water." As the contours do not indicate a catchment, it must be assumed that the origin of the water was a spring.The water then flowed west one chain into section 3, curving south on the east side of the Spring St (Leo Dineen) Reserve and through the pedestrian access at the south end of the oval where it met another stream that originated north west of section 3 and flowed through what became Michael Reddan's "Brightview". It then joined the Steele chain of ponds at 15 F 7, which was set aside as a water reserve in the subdivision of 18A Doutta Galla.(Memorial 24734(2).
Information about SPRINGS comes mainly from page 95 of my "Early Landowners;Parish of Doutta Galla."

LADY OF THE LAKE ON TROVE.(All from The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
16-4-1851. LICENCES.P. Donohue's application for the filthy Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed but that of D.W.O'Nial, Springs, was granted.

115-5-1852 p.2. An inquest into the death of Joseph Morgan, bullock driver was held at the Lady of the Lake Hotel.

19-4-1855 p.7, MISCELLANEOUS. The secretary of the Port Phillip Farmers'Society, A.E.McCracken advertised that body's annual ploughing match, to be held on the farm of Mr Beaman, Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek Rd, on 10th May. (The secretary was Alexander Earle McCracken of Butzbach, brother of Robert and Peter, who returned to Scotland in 1857 due to his wife's poor health. See the J.T.Smith and his electors journal.)

26-5-1855 p.4, BIRTHS. At the Lady of the Lake Hotel on the 23rd, the wife of Richard Beaman of a son.

13-11-1856 p.5. INSOLVENT COURT. In re Richard Beaman. The official assignee elected to abandon the property over which Mr Foster held security. This was almost certainly the Lady of the Lake. The northern part of Foster's section 3, east of Melrose Drive, was bounded on the east by today's Mickleham Rd to a point just north of Londrew Court. Up to 1952, It contained only two properties, Broombank and the land associated with the Junction Hotel that became known as the Junction Estate. The rest of the northern 240 acres (west of Melrose Dr.) can be accounted for: Charles Nash ("Bayview" of 109 1/2 acres) and smaller blocks owned by Nash and George Mounsey, J.F.Blanche (teacher at the Wesleyan school at the Cherie St bend), Thomas Purvis, John Wright and Ann Parr. They were all Wesleyans.

15-4-1865 p.5. W.J.O'Nial was given a 30 yard start in the half mile handicap and was also entered in the sack race over 80 yards at the Melbourne Amateur Athletic Sports on the Melbourne Cricket Ground. He might have been related to David.

20-2-1875 p.1, MARRIAGES. On 9-11-1874 at St Patrick's Cathedral, Charles John, the only son of Richard Beaman Esq., Collingwood to Elizabeth Neil, second surviving daughter of Andrew Knox Esq. late of Edinburgh.As Charles was an only son, he may have been the boy whose birth was reported on 26-5-1855. It's a pity that the mother's name was not mentioned in these notices and that I don't remember the address of the owner of "Broombank" in 1867 when John Cock started leasing it so that I could state with certainty that Richard was the new owner of "Broombank"circa 1855 and Charles his newborn, and only, son.

23-12-1884 p.1.DEATH. On the 21st at her residence, Clyde Terrace,Collingwood, Ellen Theresa, the dearly beloved wife of Richard Beaman and relict of the late David William O'Nial, an old colonist of 43 years standing.

(Postscript, 22-11-2017. Above, I have mentioned vaguely that David William O'Nial had died.
On the 4th inst., at his residence, at the Lady of the Lake Springs, Mount Macedon Road, Mr David William O'Nial, aged 38 years. (P.4, Argus, 6-1-1853.)

In the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria.
In the goods and chattels, rights and credits of David William O'Nial, late of the Springs, in said Colony, Licensed Victualler, deceased.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that at the expiration of fourteen days from this date, an application will be made to this Honorable Court, that letters of Administration of all and singular the goods, chattels, rights and credits of the said David William O'Nial, may be granted unto Ellen O'Nial, the widow of the said David William O'Nial.
Dated this twenty-fifth day of January, A.D.1853.

Administration granted to the widow of deceased.
Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (Vic. : 1851 - 1856) Saturday 12 February 1853 p 1 Article

It can be assumed that the Lady of the Lake was still standing in January 1861 when the following advertisement was published. It is unlikely that it was still operating. Richard Beaman, who married Ellen (and her inheritance) had become insolvent in 1856 and the hotel was, apparently unsuccessfully, advertised for sale in 1857.

Trial of Mowers and Reapers.
The public trial of Mowers and Reapers will take place at Mr. William Dewar's farm, near the Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek road,on Friday, 4th January. The machines must be in the field and ready to start at nine o'clock a.m. By Order, -ARTHUR J. C. SKILLING, Secretary.(P.1, The Age, 3-1-1861.)

On the 23rd inst, at the Lady of the Lake, the wife of Mr. Richard Beaman, of a son.(P.4, Argus, 26-5-1855.)
PLOUGHING MATCH, Open to all the Colony.
-The Port Phillp Farmers' Society (Patron,His Excellenoy Sir Charles Hotham, K.C.B.), will hold its Annual Ploughing Match, on the Farm of Mr. Beaman, Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek Road, 10th May (rain permitting).
(P.7, Argus, 19-4-1855.)



LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL, on the Deep Creek-road.—Alfred Bliss and Co. are instructed by tho owner to DISPOSE OF the LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL, by Private Contract. For further particulars apply at their offices, 60 Chancery -lane.(P.8, The Argus, 3-7-1857.)

Richard Beaman obviously gained ownership of his 33 acre farm, Broombank, which John Cock leased from him from 1867. Later John Cock was assessed on 37 acres which obviously included the FOUR ACRE BLOCK* ON WHICH THE LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL HAD STOOD (*as mentioned in the almost identical advertisement:P.8, Argus, 14-8-1857.)

The Highland gathering had probably been the last big fling for the historic landmark which David William O'Nial had operated by 1849. Beaman had probably lost his licence and J.F.L.Foster, who'd changed his name to Fitzgerald to inherit the Fitzgerald estate, was hardly likely to return to Australia to run it so it probably became a squat for vagrants or travellers until its sad end in 1861.


EDWARD ROW &t CO. have received instructions from James Hassell, Esq;, to sell by public auction, at his residence, GREENVALE, near Broadmeadows, adjoining the estate of Donald M’Kerchar, Esq, ON TUESDAY, the 16th MAY INSTANT, At 11 o’clock sharp, The entire Farming Stock, consisting of— (etc.) P.3, The Banner, 12-5-1854.)

This seems to be connected to the same James Hassell of whom I'd never seen mention before in regard to the parish of Yuroke, the first Broadmeadows rate record seen being that of 1863 and I'm sure he was not mentioned in GREENVALE: LINKS WITH THE PAST by Annette Davis (Ferguson.)

On the 10th inst., at the residence of Mr. Edwin Gill, Richmond, Mrs. Hassell, the beloved wife of Mr.Hassell, (late of Carshalton, Surrey, and mother of Mr. James Hassell of Moorrabbee Station, Heathcote,(late of Richmond), in her sixtieth year. (P.4, Argus, 11-2-1854.)

At Moorrabee, on Sunday morning, the 8th inst.,the wife of James Hassell, Esq. of a son.
(P.8,The Banner, 12-5-1854.)

extended from the top left corner of Melway 178 C11 east to Merri Creek and north to the parishes of Mickleham and Kalkallo at a line generally indicated by the bend in Mickleham Rd at bottom left of Melway 385H2.

Donald and John McKerchar were jointly granted c/a's 10Q and 9 P, the latter's property, 10Q, being named "Greenvale" and Donald's 9 P being named "Greenan". James Hassell would have been leasing one of the following properties which adjoined either "Greenvale" or Greenan": the eastern part of John Haslett's 10 R at Green Gully, a northern part of Machell's 2 C,(Providence Plains), all or part of"Springfield" (c/a 9 O)or Brodie's 11S or 12T to the north and part of the Dunhelen Estate.

John McKerchar's "Greenvale" was later leased to Robert Millar whose son, Alex, renamed it "The Elms".Donald McKerchar's first wife Colina died and he married Margaret Robertson, who was born at Greenan in Scotland.

Although the names of residences were not always written in inverted commas, it is presumed that Greenvale in the notice of the clearing sale means the locality , not the name of his residence. John McKerchar's biography on page 430 of Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888)indicates that he settled on "Greenvale" in 1851; although he may have leased 10Q to James Hassell, there is no way to prove that James Hassell was actually on "Greenvale".

It has been assumed that the use of Greenvale to describe the area near Somerton Rd arose when the Section Road school at the north west corner of Machell's subdivision was built and as it needed a name, John McKerchar suggested the name of his farm.

"Plans and specifications were drawn up allowing room for 60 pupils to be housed at School 890 and the
estimates for building costs amounted to Ł379. As the sum of Ł102.15.0d had already been collected
locally with a guarantee to raise additional money, work commenced and the school was officially
opened in March 1868. The appointment of Mr George R Hancock as first Head Teacher at the Green
Vale School (which took its name from the McKerchar property opposite) had also been made. "

While the following does not prove that James Hassell was on "Greenvale" (c/a 10Q), it certainly indicates that he could have been (in which case he did not name the locality.)

Cows and Horses, Implements, & c.
M. M'CAW and ANOTHER have received instructions from Mr Henry Norman (in consequence of expiration of lease), to sell by auction, at Greenvale Farm, near Broadmeadows on Friday, 4th inst., at twelve o'clock,
The whole of his dairy stock, horses, implements, &c., comprising — (ETC.) P.2, The Age, 4-4-1862.)

The next mention of Greenvale in the 1860's seems to indicate that the locality name was first used in March 1868 which raises the likelihood that James Hassell had been leasing c/a 10Q Yuroke, Greenvale farm.

APPLICATIONS will be received by the Committee of the Greenvale Common School for tho appointment of a first-class TEACHER (must be married), at noon on Saturday, the 7th prox. Applicants must attend personally.
For further particulars apply to the undersigned.
JOHN M'KERCHAR. Greenvale, Broadmeadows, 27th February, 1868.(P.1, Argus, 6-3-1868.)