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MORE HISTORY OF FRANKSTON, VIC., AUST.

Preparing to write about crown allotment 14 Wannaeue in my journal about EARLY ROSEBUD, I needed to check that the spelling in a ratebook entry was correct; it read "John McComb, farmer,Seaford." On trove there was plenty of evidence that McComb was the spelling of the name, mainly involving the Seaford football team. Therefore, the spelling of McCombe St near Rosebud Plaza shopping centre shows the same disrespect to our pioneers as the spelling of Cairn Rd, Rosebud (named after "Back Road Bob" Cairns of "Fernvilla")and William Crescent, Rosebud West (named after Edward Williams of "Eastbourne".)

I had suspected from the start that John McComb was a member of the pioneering Frankston family!

The journal has had to be written as a serial in comment boxes. The surnames list is in the journal as an insurance policy in case any names disappear.

Surname list: MCCOMB, CAIRNS,WILLIAMS, WREN, PROSSER, CROSKELL, BOX,RENOUF, RITCHIE, WELLS, ROWLEY, DAGLEISH,CATTANACH, KELLY,BURTON, YOUNG, SAGE, LIARDET, DENNIS, CHURCH, CLARKE, WILLIAMSON, DAVEY, THOMPSON, MULLER, DOLPHIN, PETRIE, CAMERON, UTBER, BAXTER, HOWARD, WRIGHT, ROWAN,STEPHENS, ANDERSON, DEANE, OLIVER, PARRY, KELLIM.

11 comment(s), latest 10 months, 2 weeks ago

TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS, BONEO AREA, VIC., AUST.

EDITED TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW WITH RAY CAIRNS 20-10-2010
Refer to the article, The Boneo Bradman on page 46 of the 12-10-2010 issue of Mornington Peninsula Leader and The Cairns Family of Boneo by Peter Wilson.
Rays family farm in Fingal was called Maroolaba. Ray is the grandson of the original Robert Cairns and one of the three children (all boys) of Hill Harry Cairns and Mary Agnes, daughter of Michael and Mary Cain. Michaels wife was a Neville; this family lived in South Melbourne and each time Mary Agnes was close to her time, she would stay with her mothers parents, where medical attention would be available. She would stay there until each child was 10 days old and then catch the steamer to Dromana where Harry would pick her up.

Michael Cain was a carpenter who moved far and wide to get work. After marrying Mary Neville, he went to Moe and also ran a hotel in Gippsland. He later spent time in Adelaide in 1876 when Mary Agnes was born.
Ray went to Andersons School (on Andersons Barragunda) until he was 10 and then attended Boneo School, at Blacks Camp, until (like most children) he completed grade 8 (Merit Certificate). Andersons School had a lot of children attending because of the lighthouse keepers families. The lighthouse keepers would work part of their roster looking after lights on the islands.



When the surname of a 1950 lighthouse keeper, Munro, was mentioned with the same name repeated in the Rosebud directory, Ray said that a Munro did the mail run to the Schanck in the 1950s. Letters would be delivered to roadside letter boxes three days a week. However if people wished to post a letter, they had to take it to Rosebud.
(The Munro family had been pioneers at Somerville. See THE WAY WE WERE BY Leila Shaw.)
At Maroolaba, the family initially grew potatoes and hay, which were marketed at Rye and Sorrento with Stringers store a major buyer. The hay was cut into chaff and bagged. The family would transport their produce and the boys would ride on top of the load to visit Grandma Cain at Rye.


Keith McGregor grew up opposite Maroolaba and lived there with his wife Mabel (daughter of Robert Adams of McCrae) and was probably about 40 when he bought Jimmy Williams fish, rabbit and passenger run to Mornington and extended it to Melbourne in about 1920 with a Ford T van. The interviewer mentioned that Mabel McGregor was assessed on 60 acres of the Adams grant (between The Avenue and Parkmore Rd) in 1919. (Keith later sold the run to Mabels brother, Bill.)
Some discussion took place about the name Mabel and the interviewer stated that Robert Adams had married a Hopcraft girl (Lime Land Leisure P.99) and brought up the fact that John Hopcraft had been farming land on Mornington Flinders Rd (Melway 190 D7) in 1879. Ray had heard of the family but had not really known them.
In relation to the fact that rate records often did not include information on the occupations of those assessed, Ray said that people turned their hand to anything, at any given time, that would put food on the table, and that many had no permanent job.


As a schoolboy, Rays daily chores on the farm included milking the cows twice a day, feeding the calves, cutting wood and gathering kindling, feeding the chooks and collecting the eggs. Like most farms there was a small orchard and vegetable garden whose harvest along with dairy produce and the occasional slaughtered animal put food on the homesteads table; the distance from markets dictated that most production was of the subsistence variety.


Watering relied mainly on precious tank water but Ray described how a spring, common in the high country, could be opened up. This was how Samuel Smythe, a Flemington tanner, would have provided water for his wattle plantation on Arthurs Seat. A hole about 4 feet by 3 feet would be dug around the soak and this would be boxed in before it could collapse on itself. As the hole was deepened, more (six inch wide, one inch thick) boards would be added until it was about 6 feet deep, at which point a siphon would be put in to water areas lower than the well.
When asked about work on the farm after he left school, Ray mentioned two tasks that occupied much of their time. The first was fencing. The second would have provided much of their meat while eradicating a pest; trapping rabbits. The women were occupied at bottling (preserving) the orchard harvest as well as carrying out all the household chores such as washing and ironing with primitive implements, which carried the risk of burns and scalds. Baking bread was another important task.


Ray then brought up the subject of Selection. Hugh Glass, Big Clarke and others had used dummy bidders to perpetuate the squatting era but the selection legislation was designed to overcome this tactic. Before the Crown would issue a grant, a selector had to be in occupation for three years and make certain improvements such as dwellings and fences.

THE REMAINDER IN COMMENT.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 1 month ago

EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

Would you believe it? This journal was to be about ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and now I can't find it. However, while I stumble around trying to find it again,here's something to go on with.

Early days in Rosebud, Victoria | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/rosebud-victoria/‎
The T-Model Ford was owned by Bert White (I think, I'll check), and the tree had grown over the road, been blown over a little more as far as it would go as a ...

Life in Rosebud in the early years | steveburnham.net
steveburnham.net/life-in-rosebud-in-the-early-years/‎
By Owen Vincent (Vin) Burnham. When I was quite young (about seven, early 1920s) the Nepean Highway was a gravel and dirt road right up to Frankston from ...

In the latter, Vin is confused regarding Judith Durham. The house was a timber one on the west side of Durham Place midway between the highway and the beach according to Judith who spent her first six summers there before her family moved to Tasmania. The Mr Durham mentioned was Tony Durham, Judith's grandfather. Tony was the child of his mother,Emily (nee King)and a Greek fisherman, whose surname is unclear. After his death, Emily married Mr Durham whose surname was adopted by Tony. His daughter married William Alexander Cock and in July 1943 Judith was born (Judith Mavis Cock) in Essendon while her father was earning his D.F.C.in the war. Her great grand-mother,Emily, was the sister of Elizabeth who married Forti Lacco,original grantee in the fishing village on the very block on which Emily's house stood,and patriarch of the famous wooden-boat building family.

I mentioned Chatfield's hut on the foreshore at Rosebud West in my journal about Rosebud Ted finding James George dead. When Chatfield turned to store-keeping, Axel Vincenttook over his foreshore hut and presumably his boat and gear.

Finally found it. Google: <vp1414.pdf>. Then click on "View a 9.6 MB pdf file of the pamphlet."

My aim in this journal, covering the area north of Eastbourne Rd,is four-fold.
1. To outline the squatting era,the parish and grantees and explain why the population was so small.
2. To deal page by page with any errors in ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and provide extra detail.
3. To deal page by page with any errors in Vin Burnham's history and provide extra detail.
4. To describe detail in a map drawn by an unknown pioneer of residents in the fishing village and across the road.


1. WANNAEUE.
Wannaeue is the name of the parish bounded by Burrell Rd in Dromana (*which you won't find on Melway), Mornington-Flinders Rd and part of Main Creek, Limestone Rd and Weeroona St/Government Rd in Rye and the Port Phillip Bay coast. Fingal was to the south, Nepean to the west, and to the east Kangerong and Balnarring separated by Arthurs Seat/Red Hill Rds.
*Burrell Rd is shown on the Dromana Township map as its western boundary between the Esplanade (as the beach road was named in Dromana,Rosebud and Rye) and the north-south section of Latrobe Pde.

As the Sullivan's Bay settlement near Sorrento was in the parish of Nepean, and Matthew Flinders and his nephew (later Sir John Franklin) were in Kangerong when they used Arthurs Seat to survey the bay, it is probable that the first white men to set foot in Wannaeue were sealers. Hollinshead mentions that an early explorer (Captain Murray in 1803?) found huts near the mouth of Chinaman's Creek (which at that time and until Ned Williams dug the channel was opposite the Rosebud Hospital site.) William Buckley's trek around the bay probably came after the sealers had killed off the seals and abducted many Boon-wurrung women whom they took to Tassie;this is why most Boon-wurrung descendants come from Tassie.

After John Batman had made his one-sided treaty to obtain a huge area north and west of the bay for the Port Phillip Association, he boasted in John Pascoe Fawkner's Cornwall Hotel in Launceston that he was the greatest landowner in the world. (THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER by C.P.Billot.) Fawkner may have already hatched plans for his own invasion but you could imagine how this spurred him into action. He immediately chartered a vessel but unfortunately it had to finish a previous charter. Eventually Fawkner and his party boarded the Enterprize but the Master refused to take Fawkner,who was put ashore in Queens Town to settle his financial affairs. Fawkner later gave sea-sickness as the reason he went ashore!

Captain Lancey was put in charge of the party which included Evans who established Emu Bottom near Sunbury. He was given instructions to try Westernport first but was unimpressed and entered the bay. A 1935 article,based on Lancey's diary gives exact dates for this and other incidents as they sailed up the bay and can be retrieved from my DROMANA ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE if requested. The party landed near Rosebud but was also unimpressed by their walkabout.

Wannaeue included three squatting runs and possibly five. The Boniyong Run included part of the parish of Fingal,Tootgarook was in the area now carrying the name, Arthurs Seat probably included the parish of Kangerong (except for Jamieson's Special Survey), Wooloowoolooboolook was probably between Old Cape Schanck Rd and Boneo Rd and Captain Henry Everest may have had a 750 acres Run adjoining the Arthurs Seat Run at Adams Creek (The Avenue) and extending south to Hove Rd.

In 1843, Owen Cain established Tyrone west of Rye, and soon after, his four and a half year old daughter, Sarah, went missing for four days and nights.She heard searchers calling but didn't answer because she feared that the sounds came from aborigines. Near dead she was taken to George Smith's Wooloowoolooboolook Station where Mrs Smith (related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake,according to Spencer Jackson in BEAUTIFUL DROMANA)nursed her back to health.

The date of Captain Henry Everest Adams' arrival at Adams'Corner (Wattle Place) is shrouded in mystery. The amazing thing is that Adams' folklore mentions a 750 acre property (which is wrongly called a grant.) It was supposed to have been given to him as a reward for carrying convicts. Victoria prides itself on not having been a convict colony and turned away the Pentonvillians but I know when convicts were imported. It's all on trove! In about 1841 there was a severe labour shortage and the authorities imported ticket of leave men from Van Dieman's Land until the Bounty passengers from England ( such as Oliver and Sarah Wilson, subjects of one of my journals)started to arrive.

The Dromana Pioneer Pathway plaque states that the Captain arrived in 1845 but later the Dromana Historical Society decided he had beached his ship in the area about five years earlier. The home he built with the ship's timbers was on the site of the McCrae Car wash. This was on crown allotment 20 Wannaeue, between The Avenue and Parkmore Rd and South to Cape Schanck Rd (the freeway)which was not available for selection in the 1850's and was sold as the Village of Wannaeue in about 1877.

Next paragraph in comment 1.(Purves,Barker, Burrell.)

When the land in Wannaeue was made available for selection, crown allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue, was selected by Isaac White. It is not clear which Isaac White this was but it could have been the following:
DIED.
On the 33rd inst., suddenly, at Prahran, of apoplexy, Mr. Isaac White, aged 58 years. Friends please to ac-
cept this notice. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1854.)

In the first Kangerong Road Board assessment of 3-9-1864,Henry Everest Adams was rated on a seven roomed house and 91 acres (N.A.V. 30 pounds) but the NAV was unchanged on 5-9-1865 when the assessment included 191 acres (Isaac White's grant.)

Crown allotment 18, between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd, and consisting of 152 acres 2 roods and 16 perches, was granted to G.H.Warren. Between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clark Walk was c/a 17 of 129 acres 2 roods and 28 perches, granted to R.Glover and J.Wallace on 16-5-1856. Between there and about Fifth Avenue was c/a 16 of 115 acres, granted to H.Stratford and J.Ridgway on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 15, of 101 acres 1 rood and 8 perches extending west to First Avenue,was granted to R.M.Owens on 13-6-1856. Crown allotment 14 of 116 acres 3 roods and 38 perches was granted to Hugh Glass.



All of the allotments mentioned (17-14) extended south to the government road (Eastbourne Rd.) Hugh Glass probably bought c/a 14, between First Avenue and Boneo Rd, as a holding paddock for stock being driven to Melbourne COMMENT 2.


RATES.

19 comment(s), latest 1 month, 2 weeks ago

ROSEBUD TED (CAIRNS) FINDS JAMES GEORGE DEAD:ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

DROMANA. Mr James George,a very old resident of Rosebud, was found dead in his bed on Tuesday by Mr E. Cairns. Deceased was 83 years of age, and has been residing in the district for upwards of 40 years. Prior to coming to Australia, he served for a number of years in the British navy. He was the recipient of an old age pension, and has been living alone in his little hut at Rosebud for a very long time. He was held in the highest esteem by those who knew him as an honest and upright man. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday.
(P.2,Mornington Standard, 7-6-1906.)

There is a photo of James George in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. On page 22, Peter stated that "Old George" was a Greek fisherman, born in Greece in 1819 who arrived in Australia in 1877 and was naturalised in 1899. James made his own rabbit skin boots. If I remember correctly the photo shows James outside his hut.The hut was on the foreshore but he was not assessed on it in 1900 so it must have been outside the boundaries of the Rosebud Fishing Village,perhaps near the Village Green. For some reason, the council must have been unable to levy rates on fishermen squatting on the foreshore such as Old George,Chatfield at Rosebud West and Walter Burnham near the skateboard ramp area at the end of Boneo Rd. Although Henry Bucher was on the fishing village site in 1863, he was not assessed until the Rosebud Fishing Village was declared.

On Page 15 of ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA,Isobel Moresby started a discussion of old identities with:
Old George the Greek, massive and curly headed,sat on a bench outside his doorway. (Actually they were my limited notes.) I have found Isobel's book online. It has more description of Old George and the photo outside his hut (without a caption.) See my journal EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

ROSEBUD, Near Dromana.-Three-roomed furnished COTTAGE to LET. Apply to Edward Cairns, Rosebud.
(P.12,Argus,1-2-1896.)

Edward Cairns,the only descendant of the three original Cairns brothers to have this given name, still managed to acquire the nickname of Rosebud Ted despite the lack of need that existed in the case of Eleanora/Blacks Camp Davey, Carrier/Hill Harry etc. According to a map of early Rosebud,the above cottage was probably across McDowell St from the Safeway site. Ray Cairns mentioned Ted Cairns living on Blacks Camp Davey's grant across Boneo Rd from the Cape Schanck turn off but that was probably much later than 1906. It is likely that Ted made some money each summer by leasing his cottage to holiday makers with his own family roughing it for that period.

Rosebud Ted would have been back in the cottage well and truly by June each year, thus his unpleasant discovery in the fishing village.

BONEO AND FINGAL IN 1902, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. (Cairns,Crichton, Russell, Williams, Patterson etc.)

Round Flinders and Kangerong, BY VIATOR. "Blow winds and crack your cheeks," but whether the wind cracked its cheeks or not it certainly did blow on Tuesday, 17th inst., when I started on my ride round. Starting from Dromana and on through Rosebud to Boneo (the proper name of which, by the way, is Boniyong), I found all crops looking very well indeed. At present the only crops showing are oats for hay, and with a fair season there should be a good return. Messrs Cain and the Cairns family--or I should rather say- clan and Crighton, have areas varying from 10 to 50 acres under hay, and the last-named has a considerable area under barley for his cows. About 30 acres of the old house paddock of the Barker's estate are under crop so that the purchasers have not lost much time in commencing operations- The blocks sold are all fenced with wire and netting and there is really good feed on the uncultivated portions. The chief business at Boneo, at present, is the milk. Messrs Crighton, with about 40 cows; Cairns and Russell, 20 cows; Williams, 20 cows; McGillvray, the same, besides Messrs Purves, Cairns and others at Green Hills, make up the greater portion of the cream suppliers to the butter factory at Mornington, and were it not for Boneo, I hear, the factory might have to shut down for want of cream. How is it that the Shoreham people do not produce more milk? I They seem to have every advantage-land that will will grow any kind of crop, ro? or otherwise-and yet they seem to make no provision for winter f g. There must be a .... woeful lack of energy on the part of the young men in that part. To return to our matter, the idea seems to have got abroad that all the Barkers' Estate is sold. This is not so. There are about 500 acres at Boneo unsold and 1500 acres about the homestead and a good part of this is really first class land, quite equal to that on which onions are now being grown, concerning which more later on: ' After passing Boneo, we come to Cairns'- in fact, to several Cairns' and Pattersons'-all of whom have con- siderable areas under crop, and, as in the other cases,all looking well. All things considered, crops looking well, good feed and milk a good price, the prospects for Boneo this season are extremely good. The only drop of bitterness in the cup that I heard of was the ravages of the bot-fly, Mr A. Cairns, senr., having lost a valuable draught mare from this cause. Mr Sherlock was called in, but what the result of his investigations are I have not heard. So much for Boneo . (To be continued.)
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-6-1902.)

A BIT EXTRA.
John Cain was the son of Owen Cain who established Tyrone, between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd where streets are named after family members (Michael)and maiden names of wives (Murray, Neville). Hill Harry Cairns married the daughter of Michael Cain and his wife (nee Neville.) John Cain owned two crown allotments in Boneo Rd which included the high school site and the historic limestone house just south of Bunnings, in which John's unmarried daughters lived. John also had land fronting Main Creek Rd so he would have passed through Boneo quite often. In earlier days he was the correspondent for the Board of Advice, which looked after the welfare of all the schools within the Kangerong Road District. It is no wonder that Hill Harry became acquainted with a Cain girl.

Donald McGillvray had the land between Little Scotland and the Rosebud Country Club site in 1900.

Edward Williams had land on the north and south side of Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. He had a butchers shop in Sorrento but the competition from the H.W.Wilson& Sons must have been too strong and he moved to Eastbourne before 1900 and was looking after the grantee, Sidney Smith Crispo, one of the Peninsula's greatest characters when he died.

THREE YEARS LATER.
The 1902 article mentioned that all the blocks sold on Barkers' were wire netted. The state governmment provided wire netting loans to shire councils so that farmers could protect their farms and the nation. Once a farm was enclosed, the threat within was trapped and could be eliminated. Ten percent of the loan could be repaid each year by the shire but if the farmers didn't pay their ten percent the shire would be short of money for road maintenance. John Cain hadn't been paying his. Firstly, in case you don't know what the threat was:
The rabbit-proof fence was built to protect Western Australian crops and pasture lands from the destructive scourge of the rabbit. Introduced to Australia in Victoria in the 1850s, the pest rapidly spread across eastern Australia. By 1896 it had been found as far west as Eucla and 200 kilometres further west at Twilight Cove, near Esperance. The fence represents a unique, if inadequate, response to an overwhelming environmental problem.

Construction of the Number 1 Rabbit Proof Fence began in 1901. It stretched 1834 kilometres from the south coast to the northwest coast, along a line north of Burracoppon, 230 kilometres east of Perth. Unfortunately by 1902 rabbits had already been found west of the fence line. The Number 2 Rabbit Proof Fence was built in 1905 in order to stem their advance. Stretching 1166 kilometres from Point Ann on the south coast through Cunderdin, 150 kilometres east of Perth, the new fence joined the original fence line at Gum Creek in the Murchison area.

WIRE NETTING.
A meeting had been called at Dromana to deal with the council accepting a 200 pound payment by John Cain when he should have paid more. This humorous extract from the meeting report contains a dig at Boneo, detail about some of its pioneers such as Harry Cairns (most likely Hill Harry, who was Michael Cain's son-in-law) and finishes with another dig about Sidney Smith Crispo's Australian Capital City, Federanium.

A report was going about from that famous town of Boneo, from one of the petitioners' own party, that they intended suing each councillor for the recovery of interest. Mr Anderson: Kindly give the name, as the statement is not correct. Cr Clark: Very well, it was James Patterson. Mr Anderson denied that he had spoken to him on the subject. Cr Clark said it was also asserted that the council had suppressed portion of the terms of the settlement. This was at down right lie. (Applause.) He defied any man to prove such a statement. Everything that had been done in private went through the council's books, and was read to the public. Mr Harry Cairns, another Boneo representative, had criticised the council in the Standard for dealing with the subject in committee. Mr Cairns was not an authority upon municipal matters,-in fact he was not aware that he was an authority upon anything. (Laughter.) When a question of law was involved, he considered the council was quite justified in going into committee. (Applause.) He was not siding with John Cain in the matter-it was a scandal that the money should have been owing -but had the council gone to law the first man they would have had to prosecute would have been Robert Anderson. He thought there would have been more trouble to get the-200 pounds out of " Bob " Anderson than there would out of " Jack" Cain. (Laughter.) Mr Anderson : I'm not " Bob " to you. (Renewed laughter.) The Chairman requested Cr Clark to avoid personalities. Cr Clark said there was no more show of getting any interest from John Cain, as there was of Boneo getting the Federal capital. (Laughter.) (P.5, Mornington Standard, 1-7-1905.)

FEDERATION. WHAT OUGHT TO BE.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 5 May 1898 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... 'Federanium.' The streets a mile and two miles long. S: 8. CRISPO ...

BONEO.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 17 May 1894 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... sugar beet and sugar making. The 'meeting was convened by Mr. S. S. Crispo of Eastbourne, Rosebud, who ... that the meeting considers it advisable to cultivate sugar beet for the purpose of sugar making, seeing that the land about Boneo district is suitable. The motion was carried and Mr. Crispo then read ... 863 words

WHITE'S HILL DEVIATION IN THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG, VIC., AUST.

FLINDERS & KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. SATURDAY, JUNE 24TH.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 1 July 1905 Edition: MORNING. p 6 Article
... acre for the land required for a deviation at White's hill,

APOLOGY.
As well as expanding available history, historians also have a duty to correct errors that they find, especially their own errors. When I stumbled across a mention of the White's Hill Deviation while doing a search on trove for WHITE, KANGERONG it was a tick before 3 a.m. Several factors, such as my preoccupation to find information about Blooming Bob White, McIlroys being mentioned, that Blooming Bob White had 27 acres fronting the east side of WHITE HILL ROAD from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd and that White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner was Wiseman's Deviation, made me jump to the conclusion that the road being discussed was White Hill Rd and that this road should actually be known as White's Hill Rd. (I thought it strange that Red Hill Township and post office would be on a white hill!)

Last night, I had a strange feeling and decided that I needed to confirm my assumption. Upon entering WHITE'S HILL, KANGERONG (the latter word an alternative to Red Hill-which would produce results for Blackwood, Castlemaine, and many other mining areas and hence hours of wasted time), I found a different article and the alarm bells were soon ringing. Edward Jones of Spring Farm was mentioned and the meeting was held at Balnarring. East Riding (east of Red Hill Rd) councillors were heavily involved. Edward Jones owned land in the East Riding as did James and Lawrence White. A brief glance at Balnarring Byways while in the local history room had informed me that The James White homestead was situated on the top of a hill.

It is difficult to determine which road was being discussed but it certainly wasn't White Hill Rd between Moat's Corner and Red Hill, as I had thought. There was talk about buying land from Edward Jones for the deviation.Edward Jones' grant,13A Balnarring of 125+acres was at the east corner of Bittern-Dromana and
Tubbarubba Rds and James and Lawrence White's grants were on both sides of Turners Rd at its junction with Myers Rd. (On Melway: Jones 162 D,E 10,11; Lawrence White 162 J 6-7, John White,executor of James,between Turners Rd-north to the bend- and Marinda Park Vineyard.)

There is a deviation of Bittern-Dromana Rd on Edward Jones' grant, gazetted C.R.B. 1920, 99A; perhaps the council never got around to funding it-support from the Centre and West Riding councillors did not seem to be overwhelming. The White grants were about 3 km north east on the Myers/Turner Rd corner with no connecting road. There do not seem to be any deviations near the White grants.

Edward Jones' other known properties were Spring Farm, Penbank and Criccieth all on or near Mornington-Tyabb Rd and thus in the Shire of Mornington.

W.A.Towler was after compensation for the devaluation of his property because of the deviation but a trove search did not help to locate White's Hill, only showing that he was a Melbourne auctioneer engaged in selling much property in the area from Carrum to Mt Eliza; his son may have been farming there, as a Towler was named in a Balnarring sporting team.

I DON'T LIKE MYSTERIES!
I couldn't leave it at that. The deviation was probably on Edward Jones' grant,the part of Old Bittern-Dromana Rd north of the present road.Edward had wanted 20 pounds an acre for the land and had finally agreed on 5 pounds per acre.Thank to Bill Huntley, I knew that the properties from Junction Rd to Tubbarubba Rd were Craig Avon, Kentucky, Rosslyn, and the farm of Robert Morris, son-in-law of Edward Jones.According to Cr John Shand (of Kentucky Orchard), tons of fruit was being carried along the road and the hill was half a mile long. I needed proof that the six or so acres needed for the deviation was indeed taken from the Jones grant and that a member of the White family had land in the vicinity to account for the name of White's Hill.

1904-5. 79. Mrs Edward Jones,125 acres, 13A Balnarring.
178. Executors of James White (John White), 160 acres Balnarring!
179. Laurence White, 95 acres and house, Bittern.

1905-6.As above except that there is some scribble about Towler.

1906-7.As above but there is no "White" assessment of the 160 acres in the parish of Balnarring. I knew where to look for the new owner. 195. William Towler,agent, 160 acres Balnarring. Also Mrs Edward Jones'125 acres has been crossed out with 120 written very lightly above it. The 1907 assessment is again on the reduced acreage, the rate collector quite satisfied with its accuracy.

Where was this 160 acre property, obviously owned for some time by James White and near the deviation? It could not be to the west as the farms on the north side of the road have already been listed and the Oswin family's "Newstead" was to the south. Two properties fit the bill: J.Joliffe's grant, 21A,directly across Merricks Rd from "Newstead" or the next property east, J.Reidy's 21B, both of 160 acres 2roods and 20 perches. I believe it would have been 21B (Melway 162 D12,right half, to a north east corner opposite Melaleuca Drive )whose southern boundary , and that of 21A, are indicated by the latitude of the Kentucky Rd corner.The part of Old Bittern-Dromana Rd south of the present road passed through 21B and three crown allotments to the east which were granted to J.Rogers.

If any descendants of James White would like information about what happened to his grant on the Myers/Turner Rd corner and when he moved to Joliffe/Reidy's grant, ask in comments and I'll look it up.Laurence White's grant of 95 acres and 3 roods on the west corner is the 95 acre property in the assessments above.

THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO: "LYNDFIELD" IN THE PARISH OF LYNDHURST, VIC., AUST.

As mentioned at the start of my CAIRNS LAND ETC.journal, G.Cairns was granted land in the parish of Lyndhurst in 1881; its location is specified in that journal. Trove seems to indicate that his given name was George.No George Cairns was a descendant of Robert, Alexander or David Cairns of Boneo, therefore I developed a theory that George might be one of their half brothers. While researching David Cairns' eighth child,Alexander Henry Cairns, I discovered that an Alexander Henry Cairns had died at Lyndhurst. THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO had given Alexander Henry Cairns' wife's name as "Lyndhurst Lizzie".


Extract from my CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.
Alex, son of David, probably took up a selection on the Carrum Swamp in the parish of Lyndhurst (north of Seaford Road) which would explain why the family called his wife Lyndhurst Lizzie.

WELL, THAT WAS QUICK! Lizzie was Eliza!
CLAIMS AGAINST SOLICITOR Judgments for 1,991 ADJOURNMENT SOUGHT
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 October 1936 p 11 Article
... Eliza Cairns, aged 70 years, of Lyndhurst, widow, who claimed 1,601. In an iilllduvlt Mrs. Cairns sold ... Frederick Cairns, of Lyndhurst, farmer, adopted son of the lirst applicant. Ile claimed 300 money had und ... 443 words

I reckon this is our Alexander. Elizabeth would be Lyndhurst Lizzie and David's 8th child, born in 1856, would have been about 65 years old in 1920.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 January 1920 p 1 Family Notices
... CAIRNS. -On the 19th January, at his residence, Cranbourne road Lyndhurst (late of Wonthaggi), Alexander Henry, the dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Cairns, aged 65 years.

FORGAN (Cairns). - On September 19. at Melbourne, Leslie, loving f0ster-son of the late Elizabeth and Alexander Cairns, and loved brother of Frederick Cairns. Maggie, Josephine, and Elsie Forgan, late of Lyndhurst, aged 35 years.

It now seems that Eliza was Elizabeth and the widow of Alexander unless George had one son named Frederick as well.

On 21-9-1881, G.Cairns was granted crown allotment 121 in the parish of Lyndhurst, consisting of 199 acres and 24 perches. (The map may be viewed online by googling "Lyndhurst, County of Mornington".)With so many roads closed, it is difficult to determine its position but it seems to be at Melway 94 A12 with its north east corner at the bend in Springs Drain in 94 A 11, that drain forming its north west boundary and McMahens Rd and Riverbend Rd on the south and west.


EDITS STOPPED SUBMITTING!
Going back to the death notice of 20-1-1920, AGAIN! BE BACK LATER.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 1 month ago

LAND IN FINGAL AND WANNAEUE OWNED BY THE CAIRNS FAMILY AND THEIR IN-LAWS, VIC, AUST.

The parishes of Fingal and Wannaeue run west to the line of Government Rd/Weeroona St in Rye where they adjoin the parish of Nepean. Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and Wannaeue extends north to Port Phillip Bay.

See the BONEO IN 1902 journal re land use.

BAYFORD.
See comment boxes re John A.Bayford and W.Bayford. They were not related to the Cairns family or any of their relatives but probably taught their children and John was the grantee of 140 acres on which Chris Cairns was assessed in 1900.


LITTLE SCOTLAND.
The first land occupied by the Cairns family was crown allotment 2 of the parish of Wannaeue, at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.(Melway 170B-C 10-11),consisting of 177 acres 1 rood and 16 perches.
An interesting occupant of a hut on Little Scotland in 1864 was Robert White. This could have been one of the four Irish limeburners from the Rye/Sorrento area or Robert White Senior from Clackmannan (who had married Elizabeth Russell*; in 1875, his son, Blooming Bob White, bought Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd in Rosebud, and from about 1890 Blooming Bob moved to land fronting the east side of White Hill Rd from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd.In view of the name of Alexander's grant, it is interesting that Robert White Senior died at Menstries Hill, Rosebud.I believe that Menstries Hill was that Rise on which stands 19 Mitchell St, Rosebud.

*Extract from my HILL HILLIS journal.Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881 at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.
(Information from Family Tree Circles' toolaroo.)I think Elizabeth's mother's maiden name was Cairns. I also think than Ann White who married Henry Bucher was Robert's sister; she certainly came from Clackmannan, according to Peter Wilson in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

1864. Robert,David and Alex Cairns were jointly assessed on 3 houses, each of four rooms, 320 acres with 8 of them cultivated and a lime kiln. The 320 acres included Menstrie Main.Robert White renting a house from Cairns Bros.
1879.Whether my transcription was faulty or the rate collector forgot them, I have no record. I did not record Fingal assessments and the Wannaeue land may have been included with Maroolaba etc.
1900. John M. Cairns was assessed on 100 acres Wannaeue which may have been part of Little Scotland.
1910.Robert Cairns 188 acres Wannaeue; Alex Henry Cairns,Wonthaggi, 5 acres 2A Wannaeue; Christopher Cairns 15 acres 2A Wannaeue; David Cairns 20 acres 2A Wannaeue; MrA.G.Engstrom 60 acres 2A Wannaeue; Edward Engstrom 20 acres 2A Wannaeue;Mrs J.T.Engstrom 20 acres+20 acres 2A Wannaeue owned by John Boyd who had married Mary Cairns. Robert Cairns was Back Road Bob and his 188 acres did not include any of Little Scotland so 7 acres were not assessed.
1919.David Cairns Jnr 10 acres; Mrs Janet Wilson,Boneo 60 acres. The owners of the other 107 acres might be somewhere among the thousands of new ratepayers but I'd be still transcribing two and a half years later, if I'd copied every assessment. It is possible that the other occupants of 2A Wannaeue were simply forgotten; the ratecollector described 2A as being in section B, but being west of Cape Schanck Rd,it was actually in section A.

MENSTRIE MAINS.(Melway 169 J (right half)K 10-11 with a frontage of 800 metres to Browns Rd and 718 metres to Boneo Rd.)
Clearing Sale. FREEHOLD LAND, STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, ETC. "BONEO, Wednesday, September 27, At 1 p.m. ;On the Premises "'Menstry Mains," BONEO. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. W. A. KORNES, Auctioneer, and L. WILDING, Agents in conjunction, HAVE received instructions from the Executors of the late Mr Alexander Cairns to sell as above: All that piece of LAND, being Crown Allotment 3, Parish of Wannaeue County of Mornington, containing 143 acres 2 roods 16 perches, or thereabouts, together with all erections thereon including a comfortable 7-roomed home stead, with a store building of two rooms,detached. Complete Stabling, Barn and Outbuildings. 'The land comprises some of the best in the district and the soil is of a dark sandy loam of good quality, splendidly adapted for the growing of early crops. The district is splendidly healthy and picturesque. The property is subdivided into 11 paddocks, securely fenced, and part wire netted, 100 acres thoroughly cleared. Paddocks all well watered and been sown down in English grasses. TERMS--One third Cash, balance in 1 and 2 years at 5 per cent. Possession can be given on completion of Contract of Sale. Title Certificate. ALSO 51 Crossbred Ewes with lambs, 11 2-tooth ewes, 3 Cows, 1 Steer, horse, Chaffcutter, and Horseworks, Jinker, Broad Wheel Dray, Roller, harness and Sundries. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-9-1911.)

Where did the farm name come from? From Stirling, just like the Cairns boys, of course!

83 Years Service on Farm.
A REMARKABLE record of length of domestic service is revealed in the case of the old "maid" of Menstrie Mains Farm. Menstrie, Stirlingshire. Known to several generations of her employer's family simply as Margaret, she has. served with the Gellatlys for 83 years, and is now aged 96. Margaret was only 13 when she "fee'd" herself for service at Menstrie Mains in the year 1848 and she has served all these years with practically unbroken time. Even now. within four years of being a centenarian. Margaret refuses to agree to her employer's suggestion that she should be taking things easier, and still "does her bit" about the farmhouse. Her only physical failing is a slight deafness. She can still read without the aid of spectacles.
(The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Thursday 14 April 1932 p 9 Article)

RATE RECORDS FOR MENSTRIE MAINS
1864. Robert, David and Alex were jointly assessed on Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains (177+143=320.)
1879. Recheck assessments.
1900. Alexander Cairns, Boneo, 144 acres, 3 (section)A, Wannaeue.
1910. Alexander Cairns, 144 acres, lot 3 of BarkersX. The rate collector wrote a cross because he realised that his description was wrong but didn't correct it. It should have been c/a 3, section A, Wannaeue.
1919. Mrs Helen Cairns,Boneo, 144 acres, c/a 3, A, Wannaeue. It should be Miss Helen Cairns, Alexander's 9th child:
i.e. 9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.

BACK ROAD BOB AND FERN VILLA.
The reason part of the name of Robert's house is in bold type is that in Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, the homestead was called Tornvilla and this has been repeated in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study and (I think) in LIME LAND LEISURE. I first became suspicious when I saw it written as Fernvilla in rate records. So I checked in trove.

Stephen P. Thompson wrote, stating that he had been instructed by Mr Robert Cairns, of " Fern Villa," Rosebud, to write in reference to a drain which had been made along the road opposite his property at Hobson's Flat. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-6-1906.) I will later copy and paste SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD, from my DRAMA (DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE.

Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway. The original track across the Survey (Safety Beach) used to emerge near Ponderosa Place and a more direct route would have seen them go along Palmerston Avenue to the on-ramp just before Arthurs Seat Rd enters the Park.

Ned Williams cut a road around Anthonys Nose in the mid 1880's and, because of cars, the road was improved in the 1920's. The early pioneers didn't mind using the Cape Schanck road, because that was where they were headed anyway, Maurice Meyrick to Boneo, Jamieson to Cape Schank and not much later,the Barkers to both and George Smith to Wooloowooloomooloo (which I think fronted Cape Schanck road just north of Little Scotland and became part of the Tootgarook Run in 1850.) The lime burners further west,such as Owen Cain, would probably travel down in limecraft or walk all the way from Melbourne as Frankston Pioneer, Henry Cadby Wells and his pregnant wife did circa 1840 to join Robert Rowley,their daughter being the first white child born in Sorrento.

With Holden's store, Watkin's Dromana Hotel, butcher shops and a pier popping up at Dromana,and then Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store, as well as the fishing village at Rosebud and the road around Anthonys Nose, the coastal route became more popular. Hence the road to Cape Schanck became known as the back road and by the early 1900's, it was called the HOBSON'S FLAT ROAD. (If you want a preview of SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD,enter these three words on trove!)

Back Road Bob occupied 108 acres under licence No. 4289 in 1877. This land had a frontage to Cape Schanck Road, now known as Bayview Road.(P.24 THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) This was crown allotment 32B of 108 acres 3 roods (Melway 170 J2), now full of streets named after cars such as Austin,Riley, and Daimler. Fairway Crescent must have resulted from a later subdivision. Bob received the grant for 32B on 23-12-1887.Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family.At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.

Robert received grants for c/a 32 of 20 acres on 23-1-1901 and c/a 32G of 20.75 acres on 26-?-1906.The first contained his house block and the second (roughly Melway 171 A2) is now part of Arthurs Seat Park.

After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate. This estate was probably at the end of the stupidly named Cairn* Rd where we see Marina Avenue (Melway 170 K 2.)*This should be Cairns Rd just as William Crescent, in which Edward Williams' limestone "Eastbourne" stands solidly at No.17, should be Williams Crescent!



CAIRNS GRANTS.
The details of Little Scotland, Menstie Mains and Back Road Bob's 188 acres are given above. The details below are: Grantee;date of issue if on map; crown allotment; acreage; Melway location.
PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
*W.Cairns; 7-10-1924; 28E; 102a. 1r. 30p.; 171 C4 to Kings Walking Track.
E.Cairns; 17-2-1923; 30F; 49a. 3r. 35p.; 170 parts HJ 6-7, fronting W-F.G.Rd, Comet Crt,Coral Cl, Greenhill Rd, Bayview Cl blocks.
E.Cairns; 4-3-1918; 11C; 56a. 3r. 34p.; bounded by Jetty Rd Eastbourne Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd (170 F4.)
J.T.Cairns; 23-10-1890?; 6C; 19a. 3r. 21p.; J.T.Cairns; 4-5-1887?; 7A; 60 acres; (Both allotments comprise the green area in 254 C 2,3 and D3 fronting Limestone and Greens Rds, 6c being the northern rectangle.)
J.T.Cairns; 13-1-1886; 10A; 80a. 3r. 26p.; triangle north of 254 E4 bounded by the fire access track leading east from Limestone Rd and Greens and Baldrys Rds as far north as the McPherson Lane corner.

* This was Walter Cairns. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

CAIRNS ASSESSMENTS IN WANNAEUE.(See above for Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains.)
Alex, owner and occupier, 295 acres (Menstrie Mains plus 152 acres.)
Janet and James T.Cairns 177 acres (owner J.Cairns and Co.)
James T.Cairns 149 acres leased from the crown.
Robert 109 acres and buildings leased from the crown (first part of Fernvilla.)
John M.Cairns, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1879. John M.Cairns?, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1900. Robert Cairns,188 acres i.e.Fern Villa.
David Cairns,260 acres, 13AB. Melway 171 B,E 9,10 fronting Gardens/Two Bays, and Purves Rd.
Chris Cairns 32D 9?? (See COMMENT BOX re C.Cairns, A.Russell and Jn.A Bayford.)
James Thompson Cairns 200 acres Wannaeue and Fingal. (See Fingal grants-40 acres?)

1910. Robert Cairns, Rosebud,188 acres, 32, 32B ( and 32C!) Fern Villa.
Annie Eliza Cairns,lots 29-32 of 17, 112 acres lot 1 of Barkers. C/A 17 was bounded by Pt Nepean, Jetty and Eastbourne Rds and the line of Norm Clark walk (east of Ninth Ave.) Barker's pre-emptive right was bounded by Boneo, Browns, (the closed) Grasslands and Limestone Rds. I do not have subdivision maps for either.
David George Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud,farmer, 111 acres,lots 8 and 9 of Barker's.
David Cairns 102 acres, 31A (This probably should be 130 acres 13A,half of the land he had in 1900.);84 acres 1 of 13A (another part of the 260 acres in 1900); 21 acres,26A,late L.E.Dawson. (Not part of Chapman's Seawinds so it must have been part of Edward Ford's 95 acre grant at the north west corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds,Melway 252 G3; 60 acres (53) Melway 169 H-K 2,3, bounded by the highway, Mirriam Ave,Eastbourne Rd and Elizabeth Ave. (C/A 53 of 60a.2r.34p.)
The following are all described as farmers of Boneo.
David Walter Cairns,95 acres, 2 of 13A??
William Walter Cairns,111 acres, 5 of 29A.
John Dalgleish Cairns,163 acres, 3 of 29A.
Mrs J.D.Cairns, 161 acres Wannaeue.
David and William Cairns, 128 acres,13AB, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and Mirriam Ave. (13B was Martin's Corner.) This was Eleanora Davey whose heritage house still stands at the hospital.
Walter Cairns,87 acres Barker's (probably "Eureka") and 103 acres Wannaeue (i.e.28E-see GRANTS.)
Edward Cairns, contractor,Rosebud, 60 acres, 50 acres, 2lots rosebud, lot 74 of 17; had just sold lots 49-54 of 17 to Alf Hanson.
Mrs Cairns,2 acres and building,Rosebud.

Extract from my GREEN HILLS journal.
lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean. (Melway 171C-F 7 south to Davos St, west to Gardens Rd.)

Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)


1920.
Mrs Annie Eliza Cairns (nee Symonds, Back Road Bob's wife), Fernvilla, Rosebud,lots 1,2,29, 30 of c/a 17 (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk.)
Robert Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 188 acres and buildings,c/a 32, 32ABC,and part 2 section B. The last bit was part of the Burrell's pre-emptive right.George Burston had 368 acres of it which probably included most of the 331 acres of part 2,which was south west of Cape Schanck Rd and south of a line joining the top of The Avenue and Pindara Rd (as far east as the McCrae/Arthurs Seat boundary.) If Robert did indeed have part of c/a 2 section B, he should have been assessed on more than 188 acres.(Fernvilla described earlier.)
James T.Cairns, Boneo, 110 acres and buildings (pt. c/a 2 section B, 81 acres 10A, 80 acres 6(2), 7A, lot 6 on Barker's P.) As described under CAIRNS GRANTS apart from the first entry, except that 6(2) should be 6C and that no land has been added on for lot 6 of Barker's pre-emptive right.
Christina Cairns, c/o Mrs R.Cairns,5 acres of Little Scotland.
Miss Helen Cairns (Walter's daughter), 144 acres and buildings (Menstrie Mains) and 135 acres part 13, section B (171 B-F 9.)
William Cairns, Boneo, 64 acres part 13AB section A (Boneo Rd to Chinamans Creek.)and 121 acres part 20A, section B (most likely all of the Bradys' 21C of 121 acres at Melway 171 K 10 to 190 A 10.)
Miss Eliza Cairns, Eleanora,Rosebud, 72.5 acres c/a13A, part 53 sect.A (the latter from Chinamans Creek to Elizabeth Ave; the former probably east of Chinamans Creek.)
David Cairns, Eleanora, Rosebud, 85 acres, part c/a 13B section B (171 B-F9.)
Mrs Elizabeth Cairns,Rosebud,(probably Rosebud Ted's wife,nee Bucher),lots 43-6 and building,part c/a 17 section A (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk), almost certainly across McDowell St from the Safeway car park entry,Ivy Patterson owning the next block to the west, according to a map drawn by an unknown pioneer.
Edward Cairns(Rosebud Ted), Rosebud, lot 74 and 85, c/a 17 (probably also on the south side of McDowell St), 50 acres c/a 30(2) section B, 57 acres c/a 31A section A. (The first should be 30F,and the second should be 11C, as described under CAIRNS GRANTS.)

WANNAEUE LAND OWNED BY CONNECTED FAMILIES.
If I remember correctly, I discussed this topic to some extent in my BONEO IN 1902 journal.
CAIN.
When Ray Cairns told me that his father, Hill Harry of Maroolaba, had married Mary Agnes Cain, I could hardly believe it; a Presbyterian marrying an Irish Catholic! It seems that our pioneers were far less bigoted than the adults I observed as a small child circa 1950. The Cains had been the mainstays of the Rye Catholics for many decades with priests brought across the bay conducting masses in Cain houses.(Rye Primary School 1667 by P.Appleford.) Owen Cain established Tyrone,between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd circa 1843, Centre Rd being his loading road where his bagged lime was taken down the hill and onto the sandbanks at low tide to be loaded onto limecraft. Either side of Centre Rd are streets named after the parents of Hill Harry's wife. Her father was Michael Cain and her mother's maiden name was Neville.

Most of the CAIN grants were in the parish of Nepean but Owen's son, John obtained the grant for one allotment fronting Main Creek Rd:
c/a 21A of 130 acres 2 roods 32 perches, granted on 5-3-1895 (Melway 171 K9 to 190 C9, Main Creek- not shown on the parish map- probably being the eastern boundary.) This was in the Centre Riding and in 1900, John was assessed on the 130 acre farm.
In the West Riding John Cain was assessed on 198 acres, 4A, Wannaeue. (Buildings were probably recorded but I did not transcribe these.) Crown allotment 4, section A, of 198 acres 1 rood and 25 perches adjoined Alexander Cairns'"Menstrie Mains" at a point 718 metres north along Boneo Rd from Browns Rd and continued north to Hiscock Rd, indicated by Melway 170 A7 (bottom third) to A 10 (top third), and extending west as far as Henry Wilson Rd does. This land now houses Bunnings and, just south, the historic remnants of the limestone house in which John Cain's "boys" lived, according to Ray Cairns. (John had no sons so you can guess that his daughters could do the work of any man!)

In 1910,John Cain, Portsea hotelkeeper,was assessed on 130 acres 21A (centre riding) and in the west riding Andrew Buchanan, a grazier from Flinders, was using the 198 acres as well as James Purves' c/a 5 and 6 of 316 acres, between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland,which McIllvray was occupying in 1900.(John may have been leasing the 198 acres from Purves in 1900.)

In 1919, Julia Cain was assessed on the 130 acres on Main Creek Rd. In 1910,James Liddle Purves, a prominent barrister, had just sold 814 acres including the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and John Cain might bought his Boneo Rd land soon afterwards.
John Cain, Rye,326 acres and buildings,part 4,5,6,section A, Wannaeue; 350 acres and buildings, c/a 12,part 4,section A,Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 12 was at the south west corner of Boneo and Eastbourne Rds, extending East to adjoin the present Village Glen (part of Edward Williams' Eastbourne)and south to the southern boundary of Eastbourne Primary School. Hence Cain St just south of the high school.

Although The Cains were a Rye family, by 1864 John and his brother Joseph were well acquainted with Dromana. John was the correspondent for the Board of Advice which was responsible for all the Common Schools within the Kangerong Road District. Colin McLear mentions a request made for improvements to the Dromana school by the correspondent, John Cain, "later of Rye." (Colin pictured the Board of Advice as being the Dromana school committee.) Joseph was one of the earliest grantees of crown allotments in the Dromana Township and was assessed on two lots in 1865. He might have been fishing out of Dromana when he drowned. Joseph's wife (Ann Murray?) went to live on "Tyrone"when he died;hence Murray St near Tyrone's western boundary.

The meeting to form the Kangerong Road board was held at Robert Cairns' house on Little Scotland and guess who one of the foundation members of the Board was: John Cain,who was a member of the Board/shire council for the longest unbroken period. (See my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.) However the first member of the Cain family to stray eastward, even before Robert Cairns arrived in 1852, was four year old Sarah Cain. (See my journal:
LOST! RYE, BULLA AND FRANKLINFORD, VIC., AUST.)

THE WILLIAMS, RUSSELL AND BUCHER LAND IN WANNAEUE IS DISCUSSED IN COMMENTS, THE LOCATION OF THE BUCHER LAND BEING PINPOINTED THERE AS WELL.
WILLIAMS (VIA EDMONDS).
Edward Williams,related to the Cairns family because of the marriage of his grandson,Ned Edmonds, to Edna, the grand-daughter of the original Alexander Cairns and daughter of Walter, received the grants to the following Wannaeue land.
C/A 27B of 132 acres, granted on 8-6-1875. Melway 169 F (right third),G12 to Eagle Ridge southern boundary with a 279 metre frontage to Truemans Rd in 252 F3.
C/A 39B of 93a. 2r. 8p., granted on 29-6-1877. Melway 169F, G (left half) 10 (south half), 11. Frontage to Browns Rd between the two bends with No.220 shown at the midpoint.
C/A 27A of 20 acres, granted on 2-10-1886. West of 27B, with a western boundary running from the Browns Rd bend in the top right corner of Melway 169 E12 to the Truemans Rd bend at the Peter Thompson Drive corner (from which the southern boundary runs due east to the middle of 252 F1.)

RUSSELL.

WILSON?????? (COUSIN OF GODFREY'S???? ROBERT WILSON, TRUEMANS RD TIP SITE ON ONLINE MAP.)





CAIRNS GRANTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL. ( The parish is south of Limestone Rd. All grants east of Boneo Rd.)
(Grantee; date of issue if given; crown allotment; acreage; location.)
A.H.CAIRNS; 12-7-1902; 2b; 149a. 0r. 37p.; east cnr Limestone (east to bend) and Grasslands Rds (south to No.415.)Melway 253 F 4-6. (Alexander Henry Cairns later moved to Wonthaggi and then Lyndhurst where he died.)
JOHN CAIRNS; 31-7-1885; 10A; 100 acres;fronting Grasslands and Rogers Rds including 505 Grasslands Rd and 176 Grasslands Rd. Melway 253 F-H 8.
ROBERT CAIRNS;8-9-1887; 11; 183a. 3r. 9p.; fronting Grasslands, Pattersons and Rogers Rds. Mel. 253E-H9, part E-H8.
DAVID CAIRNS; 30-3-1914; 9A; 40 acres; most of 253 J 9,fronting Rogers Rd.
JAMES CAIRNS; 29-3-1881; 12; 198a. 0r. 28p.; fronting Boneo and Pattersons Rds, Mel.253C-E 10-11. This was the selection taken up by the original Robert Cairns in 1871 and the site of the Maroolaba Homestead built in 1873 by him. James (1848-1914) was his eldest son but moved away to do contracting work and was buried at Macclesfield. Hill Harry took over the property which later passed to his sons, Charlie and the Boneo Bradman, Ray.
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895 Boneo Road. FOR SALE. $1,900,000. Maroolaba ... and a graceful circa 1873 homestead, Maroolaba is steeped in history and awaits the next chapter in its .

C.CAIRNS; 28-2-1896; 18; 150 acres; bounded by Lightwood Creek and a closed road (Eastern Grey Rise continued to meet creek at left side of 260 B2.)
A.CAIRNS; 29-3-1905; 17; 160a. 3r. 17p.; Melway 260 C-D1, 254 C-E 12,east of the closed road.Adjoins c/a 18.
D.CAIRNS (Blacks Camp Davey); 19-1-1888; 29; 52a. 2r. 25p.; fronting Boneo and Long Point Rds with the north west corner opposite Jones Drive (golf course entry.)
? CAIRNS; 16-9-1901?; 28; 19a. 2r. 13p.; south of Long Point Rd,middle latitudinal third of 259 F4.
M.S. AND R.D.CAIRNS;27-7-24;17a; 22a. 2r. 38p.; bounded by Lightwood Creek(south west), Main Creek (south east) and a closed Road (connecting Greens Rd and the part of Eastern Grey Rise heading south west which crossed Lightwood Creek and joined Long Point Rd at the left side of Melway 260 B2, left half 260C1 andsouth east half 260 B1.



THE IN-LAWS' GRANTS IN FINGAL.

HADDOW.
The death of Mr Archibald Haddow, which took place in Melbourne on Sunday last after a long illness, will be very much regretted by his numerous friends in this district. The deceased, who was 85 years of age, was a son of Mr Haddow, of Cape Schanck, and spent most of his life in the Mornington Peninsula. "For some years he was in business as a coach proprietor in this township, and for a term held the Flinders and Bittern mail contract. His good-natured disposition gained him the best wishes of all he came in contact with, and very much sympathy is felt for his widow (a daughter of the late Mrs Slattery, of Flinders) and his two young children. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Wednesday afternoon last, and the funeral was attended by a very large number of local residents. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 6-6-1908, Flinders.)

Archibald was probably A.Haddow who was granted crown allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal on 5-7-1883. Consisting of 147 acres, this land was on the corner of Cape Schanck and Pattersons Rds (Melway 253 D 8-9) fronting those roads and Grasslands Rd. It was across Grasslands Rd from the grants of John and Robert Cairns and across Patterson Rd from James Cairns' grant. Margaret Haddow married Carrier Harry Cairns who "lived on the corner of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds." This would be 9A Fingal (Melway 253B8),granted to architect E.Latrobe Bateman, and directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd from Haddow's c/a 9.Archibald sold the "147" acres to "Rudduck" between the assessments of 1888 and 1889,probably nearer the latter,otherwise the rate collector would have entered the assessment under R rather than H. H.N.Rudduck called it "Thornbank".

There was another Haddow/Cairns connection without the usual formalities and John Haddow found that Mary Cairns was high maintenance if you get my drift. (P. 2,Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)

Cairns and Haddow won many contracts with the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to supply road metal circa 1910.

Two Haddow girls married into the Tuck family.
Elizabeth Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Elizabeth_Tuck_records.ashx?pid=75120109
10 Records Born in Flinders, Victoria, Australia on 19 Jan 1885 to Thomas Tuck and Elizabeth Haddow. Elizabeth married John Pigdon and had 8 children.

Catherine Falvey Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Catherine_Falvey_Tuck_records.ashx?pid...&#8206;
10 Records Born in Flinders on 1876 to John Tuck and Mary Haddow. Catherine Falvey married Cecil John Jennings and had 9 children. She passed away on ...

James Patterson's sister, Christina (known as Win or Winifred), married one of the Haddow men. Her mother was Christina (nee Cairns), thus providing a further link between the Cairns and Haddow families.

Archie Haddow's grant later became H.N.Rudduck's "Thornbank".

RUSSELL.
Firstly, a reminder of the many-layered Russell-Cairns family connection by way of Mrs Christopher Cairns' death notice. CAIRNS-On the 5th July, at East Melbourne,Margaret, dearly loved wife of Christopher Cairns (Boneo), beloved mother of Ethel and Oscar, youngest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Russell (Boneo), sister of Mrs. J. T. Cairns and Mrs. J. Cairns (Boneo), Mrs .D. Cairns (Flinders), Alex. Russell (Sorrento), Arch Russell (Tooradin), and the late Edward and William Russell, aged 50 years. (P.11, Argus, 10-7-1920.) At this stage, Ethel had not become Mrs Crichton.

Edward Russell had obtained a grant west of the Truemans Rd tip site in 1890 and may have lost it to creditors because of the depression that soon followed. However he obtained a grant in Fingal on what seems to be 15-3-1898. It was crown allotment 4, consisting of 79 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Located at Melway 253 J-K6, it was a five minute walk north along Grasslands Rd from land granted to John,Robert and D.Cairns.


PATTERSON.
R.PATTERSON (N.B.STENNIKEN,KENNEDY); 13-8-1885; 13; 244a. 2r. 4p.; south cnr Pattersons and Grasslands Rd, Mel.253 F-H 10-11, east of Maroolaba.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-3-1890 ;21; 197a. 3r. 34p.; south of Maroolaba to the bend in Boneo Rd,Melway 253 pt.C, D-E 12, 259 pt.C, D-E 1, pt.2.
J.PATTERSON; 18-2-1876 ; 22; 157a. 3r. 35p.; south of c/a 21 with Boneo Rd frontage from the first bend to a spot opposite the golf course entry (Jones Drive), roughly 259 C-D 2-3.
J.PATTERSON; 2-5-1901 ; 20 (2); 160a. 1r. 31p.; adjoined the eastern boundary of 22, containing some of the field and game area in 259 F 2-3, with its south east corner that of 259 F3. Surrounding H.N.Rudduck's c/a 23 (west corner of Long Point and Rogers Rd, Melway 259 G-H1-2, 153 bottom half D-E12), it had a 314 metre frontage to Rogers Rd adjoining Ralph Patterson's c/a 13. It was separated from William Patterson's c/a 21 by 20A (left half of 253 F12 and 259 F1.)
MARGARET PATTERSON; ?-12-1902 ; 24; 317a. 2r. 11p.; fronted south side of Long Point Rd ,part of which is now the part of the Long Point circuit heading east to Main Creek, Melway 259 H3 to 260 A3 and 259 G4 to K4.
RALPH PATTERSON; 5-9-1902 ; 27b; 75a. 1r. 36p.; 259 J 6-7 north of Long Point Rd.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-9-1902; 26; 119 acres; 259 K 5(bottom half)-8, north of Long Point Rd and fronting Main Creek.


BOYD.
R.Boyd; 8-7-1885; 19; 216a. 1r. 9p.; east corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds, 259 J-K 1-2 and north of the walking track in 260 A-B2, having a frontage to Lightwood Creek, across which were the grants of Chris and Alex Cairns (18 and 17) and as I just discovered 17A, granted to H.S? and A.D.Cairns, of just over 22 acres. About a mile up Rogers Rd were more Cairns grants. Robert Boyd, a carpenter, had been leasing this land from the Crown by 1879 and Mary Cairns,born in 1859 to the original David Cairns would have married John Boyd at about that time.

STENNIKEN.
Rachel Stenniken married Ralph Patterson and two Cairns girls married Ralph's brother, William, so there was a family connection between the Stenniken and Cairns families.
MARY JANE STENNIKEN; 23-2-1902; 14; 142a. 0r. 9p.; between Rogers Rd and Lightwood Creek, Melway 253 J 11-12, across Rogers Rd from Ralph Patterson's c/a 13, with Robert Boyd to the south and C.Cairns to the south east.

Harry Prince married a Stenniken girl and came into ownership of Stenniken land in Fingal according to the late Ray Cairns, probably c/a 14.

ASSESSMENTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL FOR THE CAIRNS AND RELATED FAMILIES.
1879.(Most land was probably leased from the crown; only transcriptions done today note this fact.)
Robert Boyd, carpenter,216 acres leased from the crown.
Robert and James Cairns, yoemen,199 acres (i.e.Maroolaba.)
Archibald Haddow, farmer,147 acres and buildings leased from the crown.
James Kennedy, 150 acres leased from the crown. (See STENNIKEN above.)
James Patterson,151 acres leased from the crown.(The father.)
William Patterson, 191 acres leased from the crown.(Elder Son.)
Ralph Patterson, 243 acres leased from the crown.(Second son.)
(On 15-7-1852 the Pattersons sailed from Scotland. James was 35, as was his wife who died at the Ballarat, and their children were Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2.)

1919.(All but one are labelled section C, Fingal. Section C was east and north of Boneo Rd.)
Godfrey, David and James Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 110 acres c/a 6.
Mrs Joanna(J.T.) Cairns (Crossed out and replaced with "Wilson Bros"), 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Johanna Cairns, 52 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A. This must be "Alva Hill".
Alex Henry*(crossed out and replaced with Mrs Elizabeth) Cairns, Lyndfield, Lyndhurst,150 ac.c/a 2B.
Walter Cairns, 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Florence Catherine Cairns (Walter's wife, nee Laughton), 168 acres and buildings,part c/a 9a.
Harry Cairns (Carrier Harry), 12 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A, section A.(Should be section C.)
Charles Cairns 106 acres and buildings c/a 10a,part c/a 11.
Robert Cairns,(Fingal,Dromana), 177 acres,part c/a 11,66 acres and buildings, part c/a 12.
David Cairns (ditto),66 acres,part c/a 12.
Henry Cairns (ditto), (Hill Harry)66 acres and buildings,part c/a 12 (i.e. Maroolaba on a third of the grant.)
David and Robert Cairns(ditto), 161 acres c/a 17.
David and Henry Cairns (ditto),150 acres c/a 18.
Edward Cairns,Cape Schanck, 40 acres, c/a 9C.
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell,Sorrento), 80 acres,c/a 4.
Godfrey Ralph Patterson, (Cape Schanck),294 acres, c/a 1, 8 and 245 acres and buildings c/a 13, 20B.
William R. Patterson, (ditto), 198 acres and buildings c/a 21, and 215 acres and buildings c/a 25.
Ralph Patterson, Dromana, 142 acres c/a 14.
(H.N.Rudduck, Dromana, 147 acres and buildings,"Thornbank" c/a 9-Archie Haddow's grant.)
389 AND 390. Mrs Mary Ann Stenniken c/o H.Wilson. (i forgot to record land.)
John C.Symonds, Flinders, 1100 acres, c/a 34-8,part 40, 414 squiggle, whatever that means!
No assessments in Fingal for BUCHER, BOYD,KENNEDY

*As mentioned earlier, Alexander Henry Cairns moved to Wonthaggi but he may have gone to Lyndhurst first to help a relative, perhaps a half brother, and married Lyndhurst Lizzie. See my journal, THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO:LYNDFIELD,LYNDHURST.

CRICHTON.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.

The 1864 rate record shows that John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker and outbuildings, Fingal?? Given that the surname was written as Crighton for many years,and that in 1865, John was leasing an 8 roomed house and 640 acres from Barker, I believe that he was leasing part and then all of the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right, directly across Boneo Rd from Glenlee, for which he obtained the grant on 10-1-1875.

Glenlee, bounded by Browns, Boneo and Limestone Rds and extending west to the Eagle Ridge golf course's east boundary, was directly across Browns Rd from Alexander Cairns' Menstrie Mains and a jaywalk of just over 20 metres from Little Scotland (which was directly across Browns Rd from the Boneo pre-emptive right, where John Crichton had first settled. (The Barkers were more interested in their Cape Schanck run and the second house built there, in the parish of Flinders, became Clondrisse.)

With the two families having been neighbours since about 1860, it was inevitable that there would eventually be a family connection. To add to the neighbourly bond, Alex Crichton farmed Lovie's grants (40AB, 41, 42, 43)
by 1879 and for several decades. This 638 acre property,with frontages to Browns, Truemans and Hiscock Rds, extended east to the end of Henry Wilson Drive and is indicated by Melway 169 D-J 8,9,part 10, and 169 H, part G and J, 10-11. It adjoined one of Edward Williams' grants and Menstrie Mains, Alexander Cairns' grant.

Yet another instance of Cairns/Crichton being neighbours existed by 1879 with Hugh Crichton's 314 acres of bushland (10B and 9B at Melway 254 H 4,containing Splitters Creek, Valleyview Lane and Uplands Drive)being quite close to James Thompson Cairns' grants (Melway 254 E2 and C3.)

PATTERSON.
Most local historians stick to writing about their own turf but there were many instances (H.C.Wells, R.Rowley, Robert Morris,Tommy Loft and the Orr boys, Theodore Napier,Percy Hurren etc) where pioneers were cheeky enough to stray from their designated boundaries.Sarah Wilson disappeared from the Survey as did the Pattersons. The Pattersons suddenly appeared at Fingal circa 1870 and later "left the district" at about the same time as an unknown Patterson family appeared near Wallaces Rd on the east end of the Survey.

Most of the pioneers on Jamieson's Special Survey moved, but not very far. Henry Dunn established Four Winds at Red Hill and was a grantee in the parish of Moorooduc near Dunns Rd,the McLears, Peateys, Clydesdales, Gibsons, Watson Eaton and many other bought land near Dromana, Charles Graves went to Shoreham, George Wilson
at Stony Creek near Shands Rd, Anthony Connell and George Young went just north to Moorooduc and so on.

Using evidence in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO (when the sudden appearances and disappearances are ignored), it is possible to believe that the Pattersons returned to the original place of settlement when they left Fingal. There is still a gap but this might be explained by R.Patterson, grantee of crown allotment 44, parish of Balnarring, on 26-11-1874. This land (Melway 192 E 12 and south east to the coast)is not far from land granted to the Kennedy family.

We'll start with THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James Patterson, a ploughman aged 35, with his wife of the same age and their four children, Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2, left their home somewhere in the vicinity of Duns, in Berwickshire, Scotland, to try their luck in Australia. Duns is a short distance inland and west of the town of Berwick, situated at the mouth of the Tweed River, in South Eastern Scotland. They sailed on 15-7-1852 from Greenock, on the west coast of Scotland, at the mouth of the Clyde River, aboard the 1144 ton ship,the "Lord Warrington" which carried 381 passengers, all bound for Melbourne. The Pattersons were unassisted passengers.

After disembarking in October, the family tried the diggings at Ballarat where Mrs Patterson died and was buried. (In about 1871, the Pattersons came to the Southern Peninsula.) Do you share my feeling that about 20 episodes of the saga are missing? If you were James, wouldn't you look for a female relative to help bring up your children?

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
P.27.A map showing early settlers on the Survey has the Peatey, Paterson and Clydesdale houses on the north bank of Dunns Creek roughly where the freeway crosses the creek near Lakeside Court. If the spelling of Patterson makes you doubt that this could be the Fingal family, Peter Wilson wrote:"On the shipping list Pattersons name is spelt with only one T".
P.45. Bruces of the well known firm of Paterson, Lang and Bruce had a house on the Survey just south of Ellerina Rd. (The Patterson name also appeared in business partnerships with Brownlee and Ray,surnames of early large leaseholds on the survey but there is no proof that the Fingal Pattersons were involved in any of these firms.)
P.47. The Wilson brothers bought land from Patersons, Downwards and Gibsons.
P.67. On 25-11-1888,Wm. Patterson's grey mare (JC) was put in the paddock with (George McLear's) Gay Lad.
P.85. Walter Paterson 1864. Lived at Cape Schanck. At one time a Paterson bought and held land on the Survey. This was on the north-east corner of Nepean Highway and what is now called Wallaces Lane. To old-timers the latter is still Paterson's Lane.
P.133. Among the first pupils on the register (presumably in 1873 when the Dromana Common School became a state school)were James, Isobel and Margaret Patterson.
P.62. Janet Patterson (Mrs Fred Warren.)An artist named Fred Warren a protege of Samuel Rudduck painted a religious text in the Dromana Methodist Church. He married Janet Patterson of Boneo. Mrs Warren conducted a refreshment shop in Dromana's main street during her long widowhood.
P.163. Jimmy Patterson was a member of Dromana Football Club's first premiership team in 1931. The photo on page 132 shows Bill Patterson but no Jim.

The above was intended to fill the void between Ballarat and Fingal,as were the family notices that follow. What I really need is a thorough obituary. I'LL KEEP LOOKING. (V&I.M?)

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
p.26. It was not long after Robert Cairns moved from Little Scotland to a selection of 200 acres (198 acres elsewhere in the book)that the Pattersons came to the southern Peninsula. In 1876,James Patterson alienated (obtained his grant, after selecting and carrying out the required improvements,probably during a five-year lease) 157 acres at Fingal.The Pattersons selected all the land adjoining Robert's property."Braeside" was built on J.Patterson Snr's selection and was later owned by his namesake son. W.Patterson's 200 acre block was beside Robert's and R.Patterson's behind.Later the Pattersons owned a large frontage to the Boneo-Flinders road stretching from Long Point Rd to Main Creek (Melway 259 F5 to K8.)

The Pattersons were good horsemen and gained employment with James Purves at the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, often taking horses to Kirk's Bazaar at Flemington. As they cleared land, they grazed sheep and cattle, grew potatoes and supplied chaff for the cabbies at Sorrento (until they lost the contract with Stringers'.)

James Patterson's elder son, William (1846-1916) married David Cairn's Christina.They had a son, James(b.1871)and then three daughters: Janet (Mrs Warren), Sarah (Mrs Bucher) and Christina, known as Win (Mrs Haddow.) Christina died in 1877, when Win was only 5 weeks old. William remarried in 1880 to Robert Cairns' Margaret. They had one child, William, (1889-1953) who later married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns' and Elizabeth (nee Bucher.)

Jim (born 1871 but 1870-1948 later!)married Mary Ellis,(probably related to Smith Ellis of Flinders.)He extended Braeside using stone and later ran a guest house called Antrimin Sorrento's main street. In 1931, his two sons Alex and Ross established Pattersons Motors (near Rosebud Beach Safeway site-see ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Alexmarried May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, the younger of Rosebud Ted's daughters.Ross and Ivy's sons, Barry and Max, carried on Patterson's Motors(probably on the McCrae Plaza site, judging by Peter's description.)

PATTERSON.-On August 6, at his residence. Nepean Highway, Rosebud, James, dearly beloved husband of Mary Graham, loving father of Alex., Ross, Molly; and Janet, loving grandpa of Barry, Alan, Sandra, Margaret, Max, Katherine, and Michael, brother of Winifred (Mrs. Haddow). Janet (Mrs. Warren, deceased), and Sarah (Mrs. Bucher, deceased), aged 77 years. (P.11, Argus, 8-8-1949.)

James Patterson's second son, Ralph, married Rachel Stenniken and lived in a clay brick house in Pattersons Rd.
They had six children,Jim, Sam, Sarah(Mrs Kennedy), Jessie (Mrs Edwards), Topsy (Mrs Dean), and Godfrey. All of the family moved away from the district, Godfrey being the last to leave. He had four children who attended school at Cape Schanck, then at Boneo.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, 27 Shaftesbury avenue, Malvern, Ralph, relict of the late Rachel Patterson, and dearly loved father of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, de- ceased), James (South Africa), Godfrey (Belgrave), Margaret (Mrs. Edwards), Samuel (Sydney), and Jessie (Mrs Dean), in his 83rd year, late Cape Schanck. A colonist of 78 years.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, Malvern, Ralph, dearly loved grandpa of Ralph Kennedy, Muriel Hedley (nee Kennedy), Arthur Patterson (South Africa), Leslie, Sarah, Jean, Claire Patterson (Belgrave), George and Dorothy Edwards, Ivy, Olive, Rachel, Jack, Marie, and Kenneth Patterson (Sydney), Jessie, Alfred, and Frances Dean, late Cape Schanck.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 6 December 1930 p 13 Family Notices)

EDWARDS-PATTERSON -(Silver Wedding). -On the 21st November, 1904, at St. Mark's Church,Dromana, by the late Rev. Edwin Rodda, Arthur J., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Edwards, Daylesford to Margaret (Dollie), daughter of Mr. Ralph and the late Rachel Patterson, Cape Schanck. (Present address, Verona, 27 Shaftes- bury avenue, Malvern.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 November 1929 p 1 Family Notices)

PATTERSON. �On the 21st July, at Rokeby, David-street, Albury, the wife of James Patterson, of Walla Walla, N.S.W., late Cape Schanck �a daughter (Molly).
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 August 1910 p 11 Family Notices)

PATTERSON,(nee Debney).-On. the 14th December, at Mt. St Evins private hospital. Fitzroy, Jean Muirhead, beloved wife of Councillor G. R. Patterson, of "Pine Grove," Cape Schanck, and fond mother of Leslie Washington, and Sarah Rachel, only daughter of G. W. Debney, Dromana. (Privately interred Melbourne General Cemetery 15/12/16.)The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 December 1916 p 13 Family Notices

Rachel's sister Maria, married Godfrey Burdett Wilson, who led the rapid expansion of H.W.WILSON AND SONS,
BUTCHERS. TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT.

PATTERSON. On the 26th May, 1923, at her residence, McCulloch street, Dromana, Rachel,the beloved wife of Ralph Patterson, loving brother of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, deceased), Jim (South Africa), Godfrey, Margaret (Mrs.Edwards), Sam (Sydney),and Jessie (Mrs. Dean),and loving sister of Annie (Mrs. West), Sarah(Mrs. Kenyon), Maria (Mrs. Wilson), Samuel,Benjamin, Mary, and Elizabeth Stenniken, and Jesse (Mrs. Dalton), aged 73 years. A patient sufferer at rest.

PATTERSON (nee Stenniken). On the 26th May,at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Rachel, the dearly beloved wife of Ralph Patterson of Cape Schanck, loved mother of Sarah (deceased),James, Godfrey, Margaret, Samuel, and Jesse, 73 years 7 months. (P.1, Argus, 30-5-1923.) Rachel was a Stenniken and sister in law to the two Cairns girls who married Ralph's older brother, William. Therefore the Stennikens and Cairns were distantly related.


RUSSELL.
Three of David Cairns' sons married Russell girls.James (1840-1929) married Johanna,David (1842-1923) married Elizabeth, and Christopher (1863-1947) married Margaret. James and Christopher were buried at Rye and "Blacks Camp" David at Flinders. Their children are listed in the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.

Robert Cairns' son,John (1850-1914), married Mary Russell and was buried at Rye.
TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT RE RUSSELL GENEALOGY.

22 comment(s), latest 1 year ago

CAIRNS GENEALOGY, BONEO ETC, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. (and Tassie!)

P.11, THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
JAMES AND JANET CAIRNS.
James and Janet Cairns (nee Cunningham) lived in Stirlingshire, Scotland. Stirlingshire is south of the river Forth and east of Loch Lomond. Some local names appearing on papers held by members of the family who made the trip to Australia, are Clackmannon (sic), Blairbogie, Alva and Menstrey(sic?).

Three sons of James and Janet Cairns, Robert, David and Alexander and a daughter Elizabeth, all came to Victoria and eventually settled at Boneo.

When James wife Janet died in Scotland he remarried. His second wife was a woman of some wealth. Together they reared a second family who were step-brothers to Robert, David, Alexander and Elizabeth. Members of the second family also came out to Australia in the 1850's. In Scotland they owned the "Carron" Timber Mills and also ships of their own. They brought with them prefabricated houses, one of which was to be erected ready to accommodate Robert and Mary Cairns on their arrival in Melbourne.

ROBERT AND MARY CAIRNS.
...with their three sons, James 3,John 2, and Robert, an infant, sailed from Scotland, via Liverpool,on the sailing ship,"Europa", 1088 tons, under its Master, Hamilton Oliver, on the 17th June 1852. They arrived in Melbourne on 15th September of the same year.

....Robert's age is shown as 36 years and Mary's 35. No reason can be given for the advancement of the ages, but they do show a discrepancy with those recorded later on the death certificates. It is generally accepted by the descendants that the ages shown on the death certificates are more accurate.

.......On the arrival of the "Europa" at Port Phillip Heads, Robert Cairns found the ship bringing his step brothers, and their prefabricated houses, delayed just inside the Heads. After an exchange of greetings, the "Europa" proceeded on to Port Melbourne.

The delay to Robert's step brothers was only short term and they were soon reunited at Port Melbourne. Robert stayed on in Melbourne and assisted with the location and erection of the prefabricated houses in Prahran.

Robert's step brothers are said to have settled at Port Melbourne, establishing the Carron Timber Mill, which in later years became Sharp's Timber Co.


Elizabeth's death certificate shows that she was indeed the sister of Robert, David and Alexander Cairns. The curious thing is that she was born in 1814 and that Alexander was born in 1827. If Janet died during or soon after Alexander's birth, the first of the step brothers would have been born in 1828, making him only 24 or so on his arrival in Port Phillip Bay in 1852.

The reason for the delay inside the heads would have been a very thorough inspection by officials from the quarantine station which had been hastily transferred from Elwood in 1852 after the arrival of the fever ship (Ticondera?) Perhaps some passengers from the step-brothers' ship were infected and had to be taken ashore to the tents awaiting them on shore, no buildings having yet been erected.

As Elizabeth was born in 1814, the ages on the shipping list may have been the correct ones, not the ones given on death certificates. In 1852, Robert's age was given as 36 and Mary's as 35. In 1854, David's age was stated as 40 and his wife's as 36; Alex was said to be 35 and his wife 30.

The approximate birth year of each, as indicated by the shipping list, is given for each below, followed in brackets by the details supplied at the end of the book.
David Cairns c.1814(1821-1870.) Janet,nee Thompson c.1818 (1818-1880.)
Robert Cairns c.1816 (1820-1884.) Mary, nee Drysdale c.1817 (1828-1901.)
Alexander Cairns c.1819 (1827-1911.) Janet, nee Dalgleish c.1824 (1827-1898.)


Oliver and Sarah Wilson's ages were falsified on the passenger lists so they could qualify as bounty (assisted) passengers and Back Yard Bob's opponent in the shovel trouble at Rosebud, Robert Henry Adams, falsified the date of his father's marriage on his own wedding certificate so gentlewoman, Miss Hopcraft,would not discover that he was a b-st-rd. However the Cairns families were unassisted passengers and had no reason to lie.

To check the possibility of the shipping records being right,let's examine the age (based on the shipping records) of each wife at the birth of their last child:
David's Janet, (Rosebud Ted 1865), 47; Robert's Mary (Mary 1872), 55; Alexander's Janet(Walter 1870), 46.
To have a child at these ages would be most unusual today but these women would have been very healthy and would have had the birthing business down to a fine art after the previous 11, 10 and 9 (respectively) births.

Let's examine the ages of the husbands in the year of the birth of their first child. (Shipping list/Death Cert.)
David (James 1840)26/19; Robert (James 1848)32/28; Alex (James 1850)31/23.
David's details present the best case for preferring the shipping list ages.



ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Menstrey, Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.

(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common from Rosebud/Boneo to the Heads. Slab huts were more likely to be built in forest areas, and much of the Arthurs Seat timber disappeared for piers,sleepers, firewood etc so some limestone houses may have been built further east for want of timber. Slab buildings were not a sign of lower financial status, the McCrae Homestead being a good example.)

Robert, David and Alexander shared Little Scotland on the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd until in 1870, Alexander moved to his grant on the north west corner.Colin McLear recalled a visit to Little Scotland made by George McLear, accompanying his mother's business partner, hawker, Charles Graves (who sold Marysfield to her in 1860 to become a Shoreham storekeeper with over 300 acres in the parish of Flinders.) One of the flock of snowy-haired children complained,"Ae Cannae crruck a whee whup yet!" (P.98, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)


Robert did later select some land in the parish of Fingal, 198 acres on the east side of Boneo Rd, in July 1871 and on it built Maroolaba in 1873.Give location details from p.map later!!!

Robert and Mary's children were:
1. JAMES ,1848-1914, married Emily Hynes, buried Macclesfield; he and brothers contracted to Victorian Railways at Camperdown and then near Murchison. Erected a theatre in Queenstown, Tas. C.1895. Issue:Robert, Alan,Donald, Charles, Herbert and Alice.
2. JOHN, 1850-1914, married Mary Russell, buried Rye. Issue:Robert and Charles.
3. ROBERT, 1852-1920, buried Rye.
4. MARGARET, 1854-1920, buried Rye. Married William Patterson in 1880 after Christina (Davids 6th) had died. Issue: William Jnr. who married Rosebud Ted's daughter Ruby.
5. DAVID, 1856-7, buried Boneo.
6. ALEX, 1859-1930, married Suzanne Lawson, buried Tasmania. Issue: Jean.
7. CHARLES, 1862-1889, buried Boneo.
8. DAVID, 1863-1930, buried Rye.
9. JANET, 1865-1934, married Robert Wilson, buried Rye. Issue:Mary, Frank, Madge.
10. HENRY, 1867-1948, married Mary Agnes Cain (daughter of Michael), buried Rye. HILL HARRY. Inherited Maroolaba. Issue:Charles, Raymond (made one more century!), Harry.
12. MARY, 1872-1914, buried Rye.

ALEXANDER CAIRNS (1827-1911) was married in Scotland to JANET DALGLEISH (1827-1898.) Both were buried at Rye. Janet's maiden name is recalled by Dalgleish St (Melway 170A2) on crown allotment 13, section A, Wannaeue, purchased in the early 1900's by her sons David and William.)
Alexander and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES , born 1850.
2. JOHN, 1852-1951, married Emma Baldry, buried Rye.Issue: Douglas*, Mabel, Reuban (A.I.F.), Beatrice.
3. ALEX, 1854-1912, buried Rye.
4. ROBERT, 1856-1910, buried Rye.
5. JANET, 1859-1909,married William Brent, buried Flinders. Issue:Richard (A.I.F.), Alexander.
6. DAVID, 1861-1935, buried Rye. ELEANORA DAVEY.
7. WILLIAM, 1864-1938, buried Rye.
8. ELIZABETH, 1865-1948, buried Rye.
9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.
10. WALTER, 1870-1956, married Flo Laughton, buried Rye.
See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

DAVID CAIRNS (1821-1870) was married in Scotland to JANET THOMPSON (1819-1880.) Both were buried at Rye.

David and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES, 1840-1929, married Johanna Russell, buried Rye. Rabbit Inspector for the shire. His farm was called Alva Hill. Issue: Arthur, Belle, Lily, Violet, Percy.
2. DAVID, 1842-1923, married Elizabeth Russell, buried Flinders. BLACKS CAMP DAVEY. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal re the 1897 accident and the guest house at Flinders. Issue: David, Edward, James, Archie, Mary*, Jennie, William, Jane Brown, Edith, Christopher Ernest, Bertie, Alice. (* See Cairns V Haddow, P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)
3. JANE BROWN, 1844-1897, buried Dromana. Inherited Little Scotland in 1880; this probably be part of Little Scotland. See rate records in future journal CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL.
4. JOHN, born 1846, married Ada Morgan. Issue: Joseph, Janet, Harry, Charles, James.
5. ROBERT, 1848-1937, married Annie Symonds, buried Dromana. BACK ROAD BOB. See SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD in the future CAIRNS LAND journal. Issue: James, David, George, Godfrey (A.I.F.)
6. CHRISTINA, 1850-1877, William Pattersons first wife, buried Dromana. Issue: James, Janet, Sarah and Christina (Win.)
7. JANET, 1853-1913, married John McLear (b. N.S.W.11-7-1846) on 4-5-1874, buried Dromana. Issue: Janet (Jessie?), Martha 1876, William 1880, George (George Albert 1882), John 1884, (Mary, Jane; actually Mary Jane born in 1886), Jean 1889, Lily 1891, Christopher Henry1893, James 1896.
8. ALEX, born 1856, married Lyndhurst Lizzie.
9. MARY, born 1859, married John Boyd. Issue: Jean, Edith.
10. HENRY, born 1861, married Margaret Haddow, buried Dromana. CARRIER HARRY. Lived at junction of Boneo Rd and the now closed Cape Schanck Rd. Issue: Maude.
11. CHRISTOPHER,1863-1947,married Margaret Russell, buried Rye. Issue: Ethel, Oscar.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.


12. EDWARD, 1865-1943, married Elizabeth Bucher, buried Dromana. ROSEBUD TED. Issue: Ruby (who married William Patterson Jnr.), Roy, Leslie, Ivy.

THE IN-LAWS.
HYNES, LAWSON, RUSSELL, PATTERSON, WILSON, CAIN, BALDRY, BRENT, LAUGHTON, MORGAN, SYMONDS, MCLEAR, BOYD, HADDOW, BUCHER,
The family connections with the Hynes, Lawson and Morgan families probably took place outside the Peninsula; please make a comment if you have knowledge to the contrary. The Brent/Laughton/Walter Cairns connection is discussed in my GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. The reasons for the other connections, in terms of farm locations, employment etc. will be discussed in my future journal, CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL, MORNINGTON PENINSULA.
Colin McLear gives much genealogical detail in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. John McLear (1846-1918) who married David and Janets 7th child, Janet, was one of three professional fishermen at Dromana, his house being next to the Dromana Hotel. (See my journal PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST, DROMANA.) From Colins information, I have inserted the year of birth of each of John and Janets children. (Above.) Alex, son of David, probably took up a selection on the Carrum Swamp in the parish of Lyndhurst (north of Seaford Road) which would explain why the family called his wife Lyndhurst Lizzie.

WELL, THAT WAS QUICK! Lizzie was Eliza!
CLAIMS AGAINST SOLICITOR Judgments for 1,991 ADJOURNMENT SOUGHT
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 October 1936 p 11 Article
... Eliza Cairns, aged 70 years, of Lyndhurst, widow, who claimed 1,601. In an iilllduvlt Mrs. Cairns sold ... Frederick Cairns, of Lyndhurst, farmer, adopted son of the lirst applicant. Ile claimed 300 money had und ... 443 words
Oops! I was a bit hasty there. I think Eliza was the widow of George Cairns, a pioneer of the parish of Lyndhurst, and one of the half brothers of Robert, David and Alexander.

I reckon this is our Alexander.Elizabeth would be Lyndhurst Lizzie and David's 8th child, born in 1856, would have been about 65 years old in 1920.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 January 1920 p 1 Family Notices
... CAIRNS. -On the 19th January, at his residence, Cranbourne road Lyndhurst (late of Wonthaggi), Alexander Henry, the dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Cairns, aged 65 years.

FORGAN (Cairns). - On September 19. at Melbourne, Leslie, loving f0ster-son of the late Elizabeth and Alexander Cairns, and loved brother- of Frederick Cairns. Maggie, Josephine, and Elsie Forgan, late of Lynd- hurst, aged 35 years.

It now seems that Eliza was Elizabeth and the widow of Alexander unless George had one son named Frederick as well.

On 21-9-1881, G.Cairns was granted crown allotment 121 in the parish of Lyndhurst, consisting of 199 acres and 24 perches. (The map may be viewed online by googling "Lyndhurst, County of Mornington".)With so many roads closed, it is difficult to determine its position but it seems to be at Melway 94 A12 with its north east corner at the bend in Springs Drain in 94 A 11, that drain forming its north west boundary and McMahens Rd and Riverbend Rd on the south and west.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year ago

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, FINGAL, ROSEBUD AND RYE, VIC., AUST.

When it comes to being side-tracked, I reckon I must be the world champ.Not long ago,I promised to stick to my Red Hill Dictionary History. And I did until I started the CONNELL entry. CONNELL>WILSON>YOUNG>TURNER>GOMM>PURVES>SOMERVILLE>PURVES>WILLIAM JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE>UNRELATED GEORGE JOHNSTONE>GREEN HILLS is a summary of my mental wanderings. Hopefully I will purge myself of the urge and get back to my Red Hill research after this final fling.

What caused my desire to write this journal was laughter in the courtroom at Dromana. One of the Cairns family, Carrier Harry I think, was suing Alf Head for the cost of repairs to his trap after Alf had caused a prang during a race at the Kangerong/Dromana Show. William Patterson was giving evidence when he was asked if he was related to Cairns. After the affirmative answer, a smart Alec lawyer (Hall?) commented,"Everyone's related down here." Some wag asked,"Are you?" and the courtroom erupted into laughter.

Basically, I will reproduce my notes from Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. It took many hours to assign nicknames in the genealogy from clues offered throughout the book. As I was writing notes from many local history books and transcribing rates,my notes are very brief and concern mainly genealogy, and only to the marriage of Robert, David and Alexander's children. The GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal contains much information about Alex,his son Walter and Walter's daughter Olive. I also plan to give the locations of the grants obtained by members of the family and other farms detailed in rate books. I will also paste text from TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS. Dick Parker had told me I should interview Ray, but I wasn't sure where Ray was until he scored his last century, when an article about the Boneo Bradman led to an interview ten days after his hundredth birthday.

ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.


(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common ABANDONED DUE TO MULTIPLE FAILED ATTEMPTS TO SUBMIT EDITS.

3 comment(s), latest 2 months, 3 weeks ago