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It probably seems to some that I spend every idle moment thinking of a new journal to write but that's not how they come about. They usually come about from a chance discovery. Right now I could be writing a new journal called Mr Roger's Tramway at Blackwood because of such a discovery while I was trying to find out when Greendale State School was established to verify my suspicion that Greenvale State School had kept its Common School number in 1872. Instead,one side-track being quite enough,the article was emailed to Margot Hitchcock.

This journal had its genesis in about March 2014 when I heard that the Dromana Historical Society and R.S.L. had received a joint grant for a Centenary of the Gallipoli Landing project. Rosebud's Anzacs were not to be included in the research so I wrote the ROLL OF HONOUR,ROSEBUD journal. I showed it to the Rosebud Primary School Principal, Tony Short, and he thought it would be great for the school captains to carry the Roll of Honour in the Anzac Day march but it was too hard to get off the wall.

Today I called on Tony to see if the Roll of Honour would be carried this year.Like myself, Tony hadn't realised just how tall and heavy it was and thought some sort of cross bar arrangement would be needed but that even then it might still prove too difficult for children to carry. He loved my suggestion of a large photograph of the Roll being carried instead.I showed him my ROLL OF HONOUR, ROSEBUD journal and later he asked me about how long Red Hill had existed. I replied about 1862 and he asked me what the school number was. I said that I didn't know and he had to ring the bell to end recess.

While I was reading Barry Wright's memories of Red Hill, I saw the Red Hill State School number and immediately realised that Tony must have assumed that school numbers (like car regos)could indicate vintage, which they would, FOR SCHOOLS ESTABLISHED AFTER 1872. But it may be no guide at all to the respective ages of say, the Ascot Vale and Wonthaggi schools if both became state schools in 1872. Indeed,if the Ascot Vale school was called Bank St State School,it would have a completely different number!

Some people may wonder why their historic school has a high number while relatively new schools have a very low number. Greenvale Primary school, built in recent decades on the subdivision of Hughie Williamson's "Dunvegan" has a very low number, No. 890. This was a rare case where a brand new school was given the same number as its predecessor (at the west corner of Somerton and Section Rds.)

In nearby Tullamarine, there were three old schools: the former Wesleyan School 632 at the bend in Cherie St, the Tullamarine Island school(number 519 but given as 619 in a source quoted later) and the Seafield school No. 546. Tullamarine Island children attended the Bulla or Holden schools when a reduction in numbers caused a closure;it operated twice so that might account for two different numbers (or 619 could be a typo.) The Island children used Paul Tate's Ford to cross Jacksons Creek on their way to the east end of McLeods Rd where the Holden School stood and when the second Island school on Bulla Park closed they crossed Deep Creek on Bedford's swing bridge to reach the second Bulla School in School Lane.

In 1884 schools 632 and 546 were replaced by S.S.2613 Tullamarine on the north corner of Bulla Rd and Conders Lane (north corner of Melrose Drive and Link Rd.) Again in 1961, this block being acquired for the airport,a new school was opened at the corner of Broadmeadows Rd and Dalkeith Avenue, occupying two LTC (Light timber construction) buildings which were clad with brick a decade later. Once again a new number was employed. Such a high number might lead people to believe that Tullamarine children had been uneducated for about 106 years!

Without wanting to present a history of education in Victoria, I will give a very short summary.Anyone could open a school in early days. Probably one of the earliest on the Mornington Peninsula was on Jamiesons Special Survey near Wallaces Rd (Melway 160 J 4)in the 1850's. Churches opened their own schools in populated areas and when they started asking for state aid only one of them would be chosen as a NATIONAL school based on the Irish model with a curriculum agreed by most denominations. In 1862, with schools coming more under state control, this time called Common Schools, Robert Quinan's school at Dromana was chosen over Daniel Nicholson's but when Quinan committed suicide through shame at not being able to balance the Shire's books (in his part time second job)Nicholson ended up with the job anyway. The Moorooduc school opened as a Common School in a church building near the south east corner of Mornington-Tyabb and Moorooduc Rds. Its number was 825 but its replacement at Jones Corner in 1880 or shortly after was called State School 2327.
Moorooduc Port Phillip Eastern region 825 3 308
Moorooduc Port Phillip Eastern region 2327 3 374

In 1872, the Education Department was established under the leadership of the revered Frank Tate. Schools were called State Schools and numbered in alphabetical order. Common schools probably kept their numbers. Did Greenvale keep its Common School number,given to it in 1869? Yes,or its number would have been higher than Greendale's school,which became a state school in 1872.

The following has saved me a visit to the Rosebud Library to consult VISION AND REALISATION.
No Title
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 14 December 1872 p 2 Article
... in consequence of the bad attendance; third, to the Sunday school, at which, he stated, only two ... . Messrs. John Brady and William Courtney are gazetted members of the Greendale School committee.

It is likely that the Greendale school was a private affair until after the Greenvale Common School opened in 1869, and that it became a Common School in about 1870,retaining its common school number in 1872.

The school opened in Mr. Graham's barn by Mr. Chamon on Monday last, has been fairly attended during the past week, and will doubtless be a large school ere long.(P.3, Bacchus Marsh Express,15-2-1868.)

Greendale Central Highlands region 918 2 708
Greenvale Port Phillip Western region 890 3 50
In the alphabetical index of Victorian schools the first number is the school number with the second and third numbers being volume and page numbers in VISION AND REALIZATION.

Vision and realisation : a centenary history of state ... - Trove
Headteachers of all the schools in existence in 1971 were asked to submit a history of their schools. The boss at Tullamarine's Dalkeith Avenue school was lucky to have plenty of descendants of pioneering families, and the Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970,to tell him about all the early schools in the area. All schools in existence in 1972 were given a copy of VISION AND REALISATION. Hopefully all copies from now-closed schools were donated to municipal libraries.

ALL Victorian Schools by name AND number

Select this website and then choose one of the two alternative links down the page a bit:

Victorian Schools sorted by name
Victorian Schools sorted by number

Just to wrap up, what do these tell us?
Yabba Yabba Goulburn region 2483 3 817
Yabba Yabba South Goulburn region 2609 3 822
Yackandandah Upper Murray region 692 3 914
Yackandandah Upper Murray region 694 3 914
Yundool Goulburn region 1833 3 787
Yuroke Port Phillip Western region 548 3 41

Here's my guess.
The third,fourth and sixth schools started as Common schools in the 1860's and if they became state schools, they kept their common school numbers. The third school closed and later reopened,perhaps in a new building, as the fourth school. Yundool was probably the last school (alphabetically) to be established as a state school in 1872. Yuroke was established very early and was probably National School 548. Originally known as the Chalmers Institute,it was situated on Mickleham Rd across the road from the Dunhelen gates and was the venue for the meeting in 1857 at which the Broadmeadows Road District was formed. The first and second schools were probably established in the late 1870's or early 1880's.

Okay that wasn't all guesswork. Twenty seven years of local history research allows information to become a story. Like this one.

Jessie Rowe was a much-loved teacher at the Holden school and was given a big farewell circa 1903,when she left to teach at Tullamarine S.S. 2613. Within a few years she was resigning from the Department because she was marrying Frank Wright of "Strathconan" and was given a fond farewell again but with less sadness because she wouldn't be leaving the district. However before she left she had the unenviable task of telling her pupils of the drowning of William Mansfield and his son Willy at Bertram's Ford near Keilor in 1906. A Mr Rodgers took over from Jessie; all the pupils disappeared one hot lunchtime for a swim at the bone mill and, behaving stupidly, Colin Williams cracked his head open near the end of 1908. Colin was still recovering when school started the next year and was dismayed by tales of the new very strict teacher. The same teacher who organised community picnics on Alexander McCracken's Cumberland in 1909-1911,was secretary of the Tullamarine Progress Association 1924-1954, sent him a post card when Colin was serving overseas thirty or more years later,presented Broadmeadows Shire with the Tullamarine (Melrose Drive) Reserve, organised the Pioneers Roll still proudly displayed in the foyer of Tullamarine Primary School and has been honoured by the City of Hume with a plaque attached to a boulder at the Melrose Drive Reserve,a teacher named Alec Rasmussen.

3 comment(s), latest 3 years ago


Considering that Douglas Picking probably helped to maintain tourism in Dromana after the days of the steamers,it is amazing that the only mention of his fauna park in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA was in relation to a fire described on page 146.

The local police would not allow fire fighters into what old-timers know as Russell's. This had been the site of American Marine manoeuvres in preparation for later Pacific island landings....much live ammunition had been lying in the paddocks. We local children had thought we had collected most of it,but in the face of the firefront,what we had missed was exploding, posing a serious risk to life and limb,hence the police ban. We therefore took ourselves on to Paterson's (sic) opposite Picking's Fauna Park,where with support from Australian troops from Balcombe we battled the fire there.

As rate records and the subdivision plan of Clarke's Estate on the Survey show, "Patterson's" was lots 18 and 19 of the Clarke Estate,286 acres north of Wallaces Rd (known to old-timers as Patterson's Lane), east of Pt Nepean Rd, and indicated by Melway 160 K2, part 1, 161A-B1,2,part 3, 151 B12,west third of C12. Pickings Lane is across Pt Nepean Rd from the south west corner of Patterson's and it is possible that Douglas built Bluestone Cottage (Mel. 160 G2)at the north west corner of lot 9, the old Griffith family homestead block.

To confirm or repudiate this, I will have to find a two or three year old email I sent to the shire Heritage Planning Officer, Simon Lloyd, when I was in the midst of trying to save the heritage of Rosebud and Dromana. Found it!
9/17/11 to Simon
While assembling Safety Beach information from trove, it suddenly occurred to me that Bluestone Homestead might have been a pioneer's home.( Located at the end of Pickings Rd (Melway 160 D2) it might have had a connection with D.Picking's peacock farm/fauna park.)
It requires no investigation as the only item of historical interest is the builder, Hanson, a descendant of Hec Hanson's grandfather who arrived in Balnarring in 1887.It was built in about 1980.
This was run by the owner as Bluestone Homestead cottages, which is still on the internet but has not operated as a bed and breakfast for some years. This information comes from the owner.
I suggest that this house be listed with a status "of little interest" with its only links to history being through the builder's pioneering family and the use of a material (bluestone) that had not been much used for over a century. With this information recorded, much precious assessment time will be saved in case somebody (like me) thinks the house has significance.

The following shows that Douglas had land on both sides of Pt Nepean Rd,perhaps including Godfrey Ralph Patterson's lots 18 and 19 and land farther east through which the creeks flow.

From where did D.Picking come?
Where was his Fauna Park exactly?
Where was his grant near Red Hill?
The answers to these questions disappeared when I lost my internet connection and had to reboot my computer to regain it. Wisely I had copied it but unwisely I didn't paste it into a word file and lost the lot.

When I saw yesterday's Southern Peninsula News (24-3-2015) the first question was answered. What part of Frankston? Long Island according to Doug's wedding notice. Pickings Road and Lane give an indication of the
location of Doug's 1000 acres on the survey, fronting Pt Nepean Rd. The creeks named seem to indicate that his land was near Tubbarubba. Doug's 2.125 acre grant (28C Kangerong) near Red Hill was between White Hill Rd and Old White Hill Rd west of Melbourne Water's Dromana Reservoir.

Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Wednesday 18 October 1922 p 2 Article
... . Pick-ing, of Long Island, Frankston, and brother to Mesdames J. L. Pratt and J. B. Jolly, of Frankston.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 14 August 1933 p 10 Article.


Douglas Picking,his wife Beatrice and, presumably, his second wife, were buried at the Mornington cemetery.
1247 PICKING Douglas Robert 6/7/1971 72 Drom
1247 PICKING Beartice DeCardi 5/6/1956 56 nee Phillips*, Morn
3145 PICKING Lily b1908 d1996 Nee Moses

The wedding of Mr. Douglas Picking, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Picking, of Long Island, Frankston, and brother to Mesdames J. L. Pratt and J. B. Jolly, of Frankston, and Miss Beatrice Phillips, daughter of the Rev. and Mrs W. A. Phillips, of Glenhuntly, took place recently at St.Agnes' Church, Glenhuntly. Canon Langley officiated. The bride was frocked in ivory satin with beaded georgette, side panels, and carried a pink and white bouquet. Mrs. Picking, senr., was attired in nigger* brown velour, and Mrs. Phillips, sen.wore blade charmeuse. (P.2,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-10-1922.)
*No journalist would dare write that apt description of colour today!

PICKING.-On June 5, at Mornington, Beatrice De Cardi Picking,darling wife of Douglas Picking,Fauna Parks, Dromana, aged 56 years. -Those glorious years we had together, dearest. You know I will always love you sweetheart mine. (Doug.)
PICKING.-On June 5. at Mornington, Beatrice De Cardi Picking, the devoted wife, a brave and loving mother of Robert, Douglas(U.S.A.), Bruce, Marianne (Mrs.J. Cameron-Begg), and Warwick,mother-in-law of Molly and Cam,
grandmother of John, Lynette,Juanita, Ann, Jeanie (U.S.A.) and Warwick.
PICKING.-On June 5, at Mornington, Beatrice de Cardi Picking, loved mother of Bruce and Val.
(P.12, Argus,6-6-1956.)

Mr Robert T. Picking
Mr Robert Thomas Picking, who died at Frankston on Friday last, was on the staff of Lamson, Paragon Ltd for about 40 years. He retired about 12 years ago. Mr Picking, who was in his 84th year, is survived by a son, Mr Douglas Picking, of Dromana, and two daughters, Mrs J. L.Pratt and Mrs J. B Jolly, of Frankston.
(P.6, Argus, 18-2-1947.)

Mr Douglas Picking, now residing at Dromana, still has at heart the success of the Frankston New Year's Day sports, hence Portsea, Rosebud,Dromana and Mornington are displaying widely the programmes in connection with Frankston's big New Year's Gala Day.

Mr. R.T. Picking has posted New Year's Day sports programmes in business windows in many towns of the State, from the seaside town of Queenscliff to far distant Mildura, and this effort on behalf of the well known traveller serves to at least advertise Frankston in the inland towns of the State.
(P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard,30-11-1923.)

Doug's son flew the coop. Does the Dromana R.S.L.Branch know about Robert and Doug junior.
PICKING-DWYER. —On October 23, at St.Andrew's Church of England, Summer Hill, Sydney, by Archdeacon Bidwell, Amelia Mary, only daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Dwyer, of Dulwich Hill and Tamworth, to Robert William Leith Picking (R.A.A.F. returned), eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Picking, of Fauna Parks, Dromana, Victoria.(P.2,Argus, 20-11-1943.)

Water birds, such as young Doug, were also involved in aviculture! Both Robert and Doug Junior had Leith as a given name so I suspect this was the maiden name of R.T.'s wife.
Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Picking were the recipients of good news this week,when a letter was received from their
son, Douglas, from New-York. Almost in the same mail, they received a letter from a lady in East Africa, who had entertained Douglas whilst his boat was in port there. Doug. is in the Merchant Navy, and his parents had not heard from him for two years. His brother, Bob, who is in the RAAF, and has seen active service, is at present in Dromana with his young wife.(P.4 Standard,Frankston,16-3-1944.)

(P.23,The Australasian, 8-10-1932.)
N.B. It was the boy's father's success (retold 100 years later in the Southern Peninsula News) with his old English sheepdog, Frankston Lorna Doone,that led to this journal.

Val,one of the article I found last night was a photo of several Mornington Shire councillors at the fauna park
with Mr Kirton. That's what I've been looking for.(Picking, Dromana search on trove.)I'd better get back to my Memories of Red Hill journal or I'll be lynched.

Val Wilson, whose fabulous research into the pioneers buried in this cemetery can be found on the website below, has been informed about the Douglas Picking story in an email containing the part in italics above.
Pioneer Graves in the Mornington Cemetery
Here Mrs Valerie Wilson of Mornington & District Historical Society, documents the known details of a selection of pioneers and early settlers now resting in the ...

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago


I can't blame Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY for my boo boo. Andrew gave me no grounds for assuming that there were no denominational sections at the Will Will Rook Cemetery. He may have given me that impression with his emphasis on the prominence of Scots in the area, such as John Kingshott's appointment to the Broadmeadows (Westmeadows)school committee so it wouldn't consist entirely of Presbyterians. Somewhere,probably in Sue O'Callaghan's BROADMEADOWS HISTORY KIT (which I read in 1988 in the Gladstone Park High School library),it was mentioned what a turn-around it was for the Will Will Rook Cemetery when Kerrsland became the St Joseph's Foundling Home,the resting place of Presbyterians becoming the final abode of infant Catholics (or words to that effect.)

However the main reason for my assumption was the burial of many Broadmeadows Catholics at Bulla and Keilor cemeteries,such as butcher, Bob Cargill's son at Bulla after he was accidentally shot by young Graco.

The following comes from Beryl Patullo, whom I have never met though we have been history colleagues for over a quarter of a century. She is one of the dedicated FRIENDS OF WILL WILL ROOK CEMETERY, along with another colleague of similar vintage, Elaine Brogan, secretary of the Essendon Historical Society for many years.

Hi XXX, been reading your article on Mickleham. Your comment regarding no designation in the cemetery.
Originally it was 10 acres: 2 acres Presbry, 2 acres C of E, 2 Acres RC, 1acre Wesleyan, 1 Independent & 2 acres other denominations..... It was cut back later to 4 acres in total. which was because there was no one buried on the side closest to the creek the area which is now the parkland. from the existing Headstones in the cemetery to the creek. . We are able to pick where the designated areas are because of the headstones or known graves exist.There are some Darmody children buried in the cemetery, but the parents are in Keilor.
regards Beryl.

Thanks for that Beryl!

18 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


I HAD A DREAM! It was an obituary of a member of the Corrigan family and mentioned the Lavars and Corrigans being early settlers on Donald Kennedy's Dundonald Estate,followed by my great grandfather,John Cock, a clever piece of writing by my subconscious,but as I stated only a dream. However,the dream got me started on a Corrigan investigation. One obituary that actually did exist was that of (James Joseph?)Corrigan who was born in 1858 at Greenvale*,educated at the Broadmeadows School and Carlton College and worked in the Education Department, eventually retiring to N.S.W. where he died.
*This was possibly on Dundonald, Gellibrand Hill being partly in the parish of Yuroke, with Swain St indicating the boundary; the Corrigans, who left Adelaide in 1854,may also have been on the Machell brothers' subdivision of 2C, Yuroke. The part of Yuroke near today's Somerton Rd was known as Greenvale from 1869 when school 890 was opened on the Section Rd corner and named after John McKerchar's farm across the (future) road.

Realising that I'd probably written plenty about the Corrigans in my DUNDONALD ESTATE journal, I decided I'd check on Andrew Lemon's claim that Donald and Duncan Kennedy had acquired the Glenroy and Dundonald estates in the mid 1840's.


I have always harboured a suspicion that Donald Kennedy was somehow related to the Camerons of "Glenroy". The Camerons have been said about a million times to have so-named their RUN. Andrew Lemon (BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) states that the Glenroy Estate (bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Campbellfield (Camp) Rd, a line indicatedby the eastern boundary of the Northern Golf Club, and Rhodes Pde, was leased by the Camerons from speculators, Hughes and Hosking, from whom the Kennedys bought it in the mid 1840's. Hughes and Hosking had bought the Glenroy Estate in Sydney on 12-9-1838 so if the Camerons did have a run before the purchase it would not have been for very long.

I suspect that Donald and Duncan Kennedy's mother may have been a Cameron*. I wonder if Donald Kennedy or the Camerons actually CLAIMED to have given Glenroy its name or that others, aware of a link that they had with Glenroy (Invernessshire?), just assumed that they had. This obituary is the only trove correction made by the person who corrected the digitisation.

Kennedy, Donald Angus

Born 1807 (Glenroy, Lochaber, Inverness-shire.)
Died 29 February 1864. (Melbourne)
Parents: Angus, farmer, and Grace, nee Cameron.
Marriage: Jessie Grace Shannon; no children
Occupation: Pastoralist
Religion: Presbyterian
(Kennedy, Donald Angus - Parliament of Victoria - Re-Member › About Parliament › People in Parliament)

I am not saying that claims about the Camerons naming Glenroy are "A LOT OF BULL", although that was my first reaction when I read Donald Kennedy's obituary. However, it is only right that Donald Kennedy should at least be mentioned in relation to the origin of the suburb's name.

The community should not readily let slip
the memory of the man whose remains the
grave this day receives. We have among us
too few of the stamp of Donald Kennedy to
be entitled to pass over his death with a scant
word of comment or regret. It is a custom
conceived in a spirit of justice, that when
men die who have done their generation good
service, their obituary should not be ranked
with that of the multitude who have left the
world no better for their existence than they
found it. We are too young as a com-
munity to have acquired the material
for a pantheon ; public life is too quick
and changeful among us, and public charac-
ters shift to and fro too fleetingly on the
stage, for the public writer to catch the
lineaments of the actors, and stereotype them
for the contemplation of posterity. But
though there is no room as yet for a national
Plutarch, though it may be premature to keep
a registry of our heroes, we regard it as
the duty of those who are responsible for the
cultivation of the public mind, to call atten-
tion to events that point a moral for our
everyday life. The recognition of worth and
merit is not limited by chronology. The
death of its social benefactors has always its
lesson for society. A superficial glance at
the records of Mr. Donald Kennedy's career
would probably fail to detect any of that
noisy prominence which is the presumptive
evidence of social and political vitality
amongst us, but those who looked beneath the
unostentatious demeanour have found a
solidity and a sterlingness and a conscien-
tiousness of character that the possession of a
Parliamentary tongue does not necessarily
guarantee. No man in his generation has
used his influence with more sobriety and
moderation, or been less ostentatious of his
power, yet every one who is conversant with
our history can own to occasions when no
man's power and influence have been
more felt, in the form of a timely hint,
a wise suggestion, or a quick-witted cau-
tion. His active career as a public
man really commenced in 1853, when
be contested the representation of North
Bourke with the late Mr. Burnley. There
is some archaeological curiosity attached to
the history of the transaction. His address
to the electors had been issued while he was
in Sydney, but the effect of his personal can-
didature had been to secure him a very flat-
tering majority. It so happened, however,
that under the crude and unwholesome elec-
toral system of those days, no provision had
been made for taking the poll at Bacchus
Marsh. A Government Gazette Extraordinary
remedied the oversight by appointing a
subsequent day for voting, but the re-
sult was that the election was reversed,
and Mr. Kennedy was sacrificed to
the blunder of a returning officer. He was,
however, afterwards nominated to a seat in
the Council by the Governor, some twelve or
eighteen months before the publication of the
new Constitution, and continued a member
of that body till its dissolution. He was elected
in 1856 for the Southern Province. Though
he died a member of the Upper Chamber, his
name may not be familiar to those who look
only to Hansard for the measure of a public
man's success. The turbulent arena of debate
was not the scene of his activity. His intel-
lect, a not unmasculine one, was in every
way equal to the occasion, but a more than
ordinary graceful diffidence of disposition dis-
inclined him for demonstration. But that he
did not shrink from the responsibilities of a
public station is shown by the fact that he was
a commissioner of the savings banks, deputy
governor of the Colonial Bank (of which he was
one of the projectors), a director of the North-
ern Insurance Company, a member of the
Managing Committee of the Model Farm, and
for many years president of the Port Philip
Farmers' Society. The story of his private life is
soon told. He was a native of Glenroy, Lochaber,
Inverness-shire, son of Mr. Kennedy, of
Leinachar, and he had paced some thirty
years in Sydney and Victoria, when disease
of the heart suddenly closed his career on
Monday evening. He has left a widow, a
daughter of the late Captain Shannon, but
no family, to inherit the large property or
the Moonee Ponds, which he has named
after his native valley
. His good name is an
inheritance that belongs to the state, not
very rich, unfortunately, in such bequests. In
every capacity of his career, he is entitled to
honourable mention in the death-list of its
citizens. His circle of friends was a wide
one, for his large heart was never closed to
the appeal of the most transient friendship
while his tenants and underlings will have
to regret the loss of a kind and considerate
landlord. He will, we believe, be buried from
the house of Dr. Motherwell, in Collins street,
at four o'clock p.m. this day, and we may
expect that the esteem and affection which
he won for himself throughout life will be
reflected in the respectful interest that will
be testified at the last office which can be
done for worth and merit, however rare.
(P.5, Argus,2-3-1864.

The Melbourne, Sydney rivalry exists still today with the convict city trying to pinch the grand prix. The Holden,Ford rivalry results in great numbers of Australian men ,donning red or blue to indicate their tribal loyalty,especially when Bathurst draws nigh,a tradition likely to end because of free trade.

Another rivalry,just as intense, existed between Shorthorn breeders. There were two strains: Booth and Bates. Robert McDougall was a supporter of the Booth Strain and even named his Oaklands Rd property (Melway 384 J8)
after Major Booth's shorthorn stud in the old country. Robert is mentioned in the following article but the writer failed to mention that Robert had started breeding his prized Booth herd in the 1850's on "Cona",part of the Glenroy Estate, before leasing Aitken's Estate between today's Essendon and Avondale Heights. He moved onto Arundel circa 1870 after his (unfortunately fenestrated) mansion was built.

Harry Peck mentioned that Henry Stephenson of "Niddrie" (west of Treadwell St corner and north to Fraser St in Airport West)was a Bates supporter (just like William McCulloch,below) and that the Booth/Baines rivalry was so great that Henry and his neighbour, Robert McDougall, refused to speak to each other. Stephenson and McDougall (of Niddrie and Arundel respectively) did not actually live next door to each other, those properties being miles apart, but had adjoining land on section 23 Doutta Galla. Stephenson's 300 acre portion being near Strathmore Heights and McDougall's near Strathmore North. McDougall would have often seen his eastern 200 acres
decades earlier while travelling between Melbourne and Cona along the old Sydney road.

Thus one of the reasons for "A LOT OF BULL" in the title of this journal.

The Glenroy Herd.
By Demetrius.
In travelling by the overland route from Sydney to Mel
bourne, could one view the Eurrounding country within 10
or a dozen miles of the Southern metropolis, which unfor
tunately the night journey does not admit of, he could not
but admire the evidently rich pastoral country, lightly
timbered and rolling in appearance, dotted here and there
with bright and airv looking homesteads of a better class
description, a district which has long been recognised as
much for its strength as a far nine; and grazing neighbour
hood, as for its close proximity to Melbourne. The overland
railway at this point 'runs throngh some estates of consider
able importance, and again allowing that we have tho
advantage ot daylight, the leading residences can be readily
recognised. Away to tho right, and nestling prettily on a
hill side is Mre-. Donald Kennedy's, Dundonald House ; a
mile or two down in the valley and the housetops of Broad
meadows village is seen, while a few miles further to the
westward and Mr. Robert M'Dougall's Arundcl estate is
observed, in turn arc viewel the Glenrcy homestead close by
the railway line, and with Mr. Robertson's Aberfeldie Park,
the last estate is swiftly passed prior to entering the suburbs
of Melbourne.
Much could be said about the pretty farming neighbour
hood did space but permit, and on this occasion I mu6t
content myself in the description of an estate, which will
unquestionably be of great interest to most of my readers
throughout this colony. Glenroy has been long noted as a
grazing property considerably above the average, but since
its occupation by the Hon. Williain M'Culloch,' a gentle
man who has within late years entered extensively into
importing and breeding a high description of shorthorn
pedigree stock, it lias greatly come into notice with the
cattle broodei'B of this and tlie neighbouring colonies.
Having received an invitation from Mr. M'Culloch during
the recent Victorian National Agricultural Society's Show,
to have a look at the Glenroy herd, 1 gladly accepted, inas
much as this estitc is one of the most celebrated of its class
within easy distance of Melbourne. Glenroy is situated
within a mile of tbe Broadtneadows railway station— and
comprises uu extent of 730 acres. Since its purchase by the
present owner, no expense has been spared in improvements,
all of which are noticed to be of a convenient and service
able description. The soil comprises a strong white clay
for the most part, showing in places some rich chocolate
patches, both varieties of which are highly suited for the grass
pasturage on which in a great measure the working of the
estate depends.
In adopting the breed of high class pedigree cattle as a
speciality at Glenroy, Mr. M'Culloch, evidently with the
experience of former years, acted on correct principles in
visiting England to secure the very best description of
cattle that could be procured in the mother country, and the
success attending his trip is only too generally known. ' 1
spent fully two years,' remarks Mr. M'Culloch, ' in a
critical examination of the leading herds, and in attending
every shorthorn sale of importance before I made those
selections which now form the Glenroy herd.' The result
of his observation ultimately turned in favour of the Bates'
strain, and although the venture has proved a costly one,
selections from the most valuable of the Eirklivington
tribes were decided on. Ambitious to found such a herd in
his ' adopted country ' as should rival the leading herds of
England and America Mr. M'Culloch spared neither time,
labour, nor expense in getting together his present fine herd,
and after the leading purchases had been completed it was
pleasing to know that the most experienced and impartial
judges had pronounced the dictum, that, in the possession
both of high lineage and personal merit, the collection is
one which takes the highest rank in any country. A visit
to Glenroy is most interesting throughout. In the first
place everything is conducive to pleasantry. Mr. M'Culloch
as a host has few if any equals, while the homestead
appointments are so complete that no difficulty or unusual
effort is incurred in viewing the stock, ranging from the
magnificently bred bull — Duke of Underley 5th— down to
the smallest and moat helpless heifer calf. Fhe cattle sheds
are of the most replete description, brick-built, well lighted,
high in the walls and having asphalted floor. Thev
contain 27 loose boxes for young bulls, besides two boxes
attached to the stud bull paddocks for the use of Duke of
Underley 5th and Duke of Oxford 31st. There are also
24 stalls used for shorthorn cows that are milking, but all
cattle are turned out at night, summer and winter, except
young bulls and newly calved cows.
Our steps were first directed to these sheds where very
hoice looking young bolls ranging from yearlings down
wards were on view. They are principallv the progeny of
the two Sires Duke of Underley 5th and Duke of Oxford
31st, out of the leading imported cows belonging to the
herd. It would be preposterous to attempt to particularise
the appearance of some eight of these perfect little noble
men ranging between the ages of six months and 12
months' old — suffice to say that in point of lines and
general appearance the greater number of them show pro
mise of becoming in the future the most famous exhibition
cattle of the colony. In keeping with the rule adopted by
the most celebrated breeders in England Mr. M'Culloch
does not exhibit his stock at the various agricultural
society's shows, inasmuch as to prepare the cattle for show
purposes is considered by many to be detrimental to the
general welfare of the herd. This derision, however, has
not prevented purchases from the Glen-oy herd being
placed on exhibition, and bulls bred by 'Mr. William
M'Culloch have secured many high honours in the principal
show yards of the leading agricultural societies of Victoria.
Such purchases have not been confined to 'Victoria alone,
but have secured prizes in Queensland and New Zealand,
and even during the late metropolitan exhibition in this colony
contributed the champion bull, in Mr. A. A. Dangar's Hill
hurst, 6th Duke, a bull which likewise took principal
honours in the leading Northern shows of this colony.
In the»Glenroy herd, considering that the very best
shorthorn strains arc in use, it is not at all surprising that
Mr. M'Culloch should, in selling young bulls obtain some
of the highest ruling prices. The herd is so favourably
known that a minimum price per head is fixed by the
breeder, and even beyond this pome very large prices are
obtained. Nor yet are the heifer calves in point of merit
less important. We were shown some dozen or so perfect
little gems under five months old, as also about an equal
number of bull calves of similar age.
Having looked at the youngsters, the aristocratic bred
bull Duke of Underley 5th was walked out for inspection.
Calved in'October, 1878, he was bred by the Earl of Bective,
and was secured at great cost for the Glenroy herd. He is
of a yellowish white colour, and shows a majestic appear
ance, uniting the grandeur of his distinguished parents.
He is a well-tempered, full-eyed bull, with rich hair and
quality of flesh, and when properly viewed is seen to carry
an imposing frame, and to use a cattle fancier's phrase,
' covers plenty of ground.' Hi; is not only a fashionably
but a soundly bred animal, and as a number of his stock arc
I being procured for this and the adjoining colonies I give his
pedigree as follows : —
Sire Grand Duke 31ft 3837-1, 11. E. Oliver; dam, Duchess
of Lancaster, by 2nd Duke of Treirunter 20022, Colonel
Guntcr; 2 dam,' 10th Duchess of Gi-ncva, by 2nd Duke
of Geneva 23752, J. O. Sheldon ; 3 dam, 5th Duchess
of Geneva, by Grand Duke of Oxford 1G184, Colonel
Gunter; i dam,' Dueliuss of Geneva, by Grand Duke 2nd 121)61,
8. E. BoWen ; 5 dam, Duchess 71st, by Duke of Glo'ster 11382,
Karl Ducie ; 6 dam, Ducuess CGth, by '4th Duke of York 10107,
T. Bates ; 7 dam, Duchess 55th, by 4th Duke of Northumberland
3G19, T. Bates; 8 dain, Duchess 38th. by Norfolk 2377, J.
Wnitaker; 9 dam, Duchess 33rd, by Belvedere 170G, J. Ste
phenson; 10 dam, Duchess 19th, by Second Ilubbak 1423, T.
Bates ; 11 dam, Duchess 12th, by The Earl G4G, T. Bates ; 12 dam,
Duchess 4th, by Ketton 2nd 710, T. Bates ; 13 dam, Duchess 1st,
by Comet 155, C. Colling; 14 dam, by Favourite 252, C. Coiling j
15 dam, by Daisy Bull 186, C. Colling ; 16 dam, by Favourite
252, C. Colling ; 17 dam, by Hubbuck 310, J. Hunter; 18 dam,
by J. Brown's Red Bull 97, J. Thompson.
His dam, Duchess of Lancaster, said to be a very thick
massive cow of beautiful symmetry, is one of the purest
representatives of the Duchess tribe in existence. Tenth
Duchess of Geneva, a very grand cow, and her daughter,
Eighth Duchess of Oneida, were purchased for the Earl of
Bective, at the great New York Mills 6ale in 1873, the
former for 7000 guineas and the latter for 3060 guineas, at
which sale this line of blood was in great demand, 15
Duchesses and Dukes realising the enormous suji of
£55,198 10s., or an average of £3679 18s. Tenth Duchess
of Geneva is the dam of the famous Duke of Underley
33745, who is said to have earned in fees upwards ot £4000.
Her daughter, Eighth Duchess of Oneida, was the dam of
Duke of Underley 2nd 36551, sold to Sir C. M. Lampson,
Bart., for 1750 guineas, and of Duke of Underley 3rd
38196, purchased by the Duke of Manchester, when a calf,
for 3000 guineas.
Another stud bull showing aristocratic lineage was shown
us in Duke of Oxford 31st -33713), calved in July 26, 1874,
and bred by bis Grace the Duke of Devonshire. He is a
rich roan, showing splendid proportions throughout. His
head, which is particularly neat, is supported by a propor
tionate neck. He displays a great depth of fore arm, while
the back, flank, and loins are far from being faulty. He
shows a further perfection in his deep and heavy quarters
and well-fleshed locks. Duke of Oxford 31st is by Sir
Baroa Oxford 4th, dam Grand Duchess of Oxford 11th,
g. dam Duchess of Oxford 5th, g. g. dam Countess of
Oxford, g. g. g. dam Oxford 15th, sire 4th Duke of York
10167, bred by T. Bates. 'Ibis well-known Duke of
Oxford 3l6tis the sire of several prize-taking animals exhi
bited at 6ome of the leading provincial shows in England.
Wild Oxonian, winner of a prize at the show of the Royal
Agricultural Society of Englandat Bristol,in 1878, wasby him,
and at the dispersion of the Shotley Hall herd in September,
1878, his stock were very striking and much admired. He is
descended from a very favourite strain of the Holker
Oxfords, which have gained such renown. His dam, Grand
Duchess of Oxford 1 lth, was sold at the Holker sale in
1874 to Mr. George Moore, of Whitehall, Cumberland, at
whose sale, in 1875, she realised in her ninth year 2000
guineas ; her heifer calf, not three months old, sold at the
same sale for 1000 guineas.
In turn we inspected the third stud bull of the herd,
Grand Duke of Oxford 3rd, by Duke of Oxford 31st
33713, from Grand Ducuess of Oxford 22nd, a cow for
which Mr. Wni. M'Culloch paid 20GO guineas at the Duke
of Devonshire's 6ale. By referring to the respective pedigrees
it wiil be seen that the sire and dam of this noticeable bull
are very closely related, and that he is further a direct descend
ant of the famous Holker Oxfords, which have of late years
commanded such attention throughout the whole of England.
There are about 40 breeding cows attached to the Glenroy
herd, all thoroughly representative of the leading Shorthorn
herds of England and America, iivery one is a selected
animal, and they comprise the bulk of the stock on which Mr.
M'Culloch spent £30,000, with the ambition to form the
premier Shorthorn herd of Australasia. How well he has
succeeded is only too generally known. The five leading
tribes which Mr. Bates possessed up to the time of his death,
all have place at Glenroy. The Waterloo and VVild Eyes,
no less than the Oxford, form important sections ; and the
American Red Roses, which are equally represented, are
identically of the same stock as the Cambridge Roses. In
turn, we viewed representatives of the Oxford, Wild Eye?,
Kirklevington, Barrington, American Roses, Gazelle, and
other tribes, each one showing quite as perfect and as sym
metrical an appearance as her neighbour. To enumerate
the appearance of these animals would be a labour indeed ;
but, in order to show the excellence of the females and to
show that Mr. M'Culloch exercised considerable judgment
in his selection, a few of the cows will be referred to. In
the first place we will refer to the 2000 and odd guineas
cow, Grand Duchess of Oxford 22nd. As a breeder she has
proved highly successful, and, although now 10 years of
age, shows no deterioration in flesh or general appearance as
compared with her younger companions. She is roan in
colour, of a large heavy frame, yet withal neat, thick, and
fleshy-looking, and might well prove an ornament, not
taking the price into consideration, to any herd. Another
female, Gazelle 26th, is a very showy animal and has been
truly described as 'a pattern cow.'' She is known to all the
cattle-fanciers of England, and without doubt has made a
mark in the Shorthorn annals of the Antipodes. As a
perfect model of symmetry, showing remarkable breadth of
back, great fore arm, tremendous quarters, with beef to the
very hocks, immense depth of brisket, good, in the neck, and
surmounted with a neat and intelligent looking head, she at
once commends herself to the visitor as one of the most
remarkable cows in the Australian colonies. Her perfect
qualities may be more readily recognised when it is stated
that she is the dam of Mr. A. A. Dangar's champion bull
Hillhurst's 6th Duke, already referred to.
We pass from one to the other, hardly knowing which
cow to fix on for remark, so even are their qualities through
out. However we have not far to go before one of the
famous Kirklevington tribe comes under notice. She is a
well-proportioned roan cow, and has contributed a sire to
one of the strongest herds in the western district of Vic
toria. In Kirklevington Duchess 23rd, Mr. M'Culloch has
one of his best cows. The tribe is lineally descended from
a cow by Mr. Bates's famous Royal prize bull Duke of
Northumberland 1940, and has a very high reputation in
England and America, where specimens of this tribe have
realised high prices. Kirklevington Duchess 5th of this
family, bred by Mr. Davies, was sold privately to Sir
Curtis Lampson, Bart., for the sum of 1050 guineas, and
her daughter sold by auction in 1875 for 750 guineas, for
exportation to America. The heifer calf, Kirklevington
Empress 3rd, exhibited by Lord Fitzhardinge, and winner
of first prizes at the Royal Agricultural and Yorkshire
societies' shows in 1878, was of the '.Siddington branch of
this tribe. Yet another instance, and the long lists of the
females attached to this important herd are not nearly
exhausted. May Rose 8th is a red roan cow, calved in
October 1877, and is of the Red Rose tribe, for some years
one of the leading tribes of Shorthorns in the United States
of America, in the hands of that veteran breeder, Mr.
Abram Heniek, of Kentucky. It springs trom some of Mr.
.Robert Colling's best blood, and in the hands of Mr. Bates
was used for crossing the Duchesses. Rose of Sharon,
bred by Mr. Bates, was exported to America in 1834, and
became the ancestress ot this branch of the tribe. Of late
years, since the reimportation of specimens to England and
Scotland, very high prices have been realised upon the rare
occasions on which they have been offered by public auction.
At the Earl of Dunmore's sale in 1875, only two females
were sold for 1950 and 1280 guineas respectively, and speci
mens of this tribe from the Dunmore herd have won honours
at the Royal Agricultural Society of England, the York
shire Society, and at the Smithfield shows.
In another bright green-looking paddock we view a prime
lot of 16 heiferw, varying in age up to 20 months, all
Glenroy bred, and showing that Mr. M'Culloch is extremely
successful, not only in his choice of breeders, but also in his
method of management. The cattle are not in any way
pampered, which commends the herd to buyers, inasmuch
as youngsters of the choicest strains are purchased at Glen
roy and removed to some of the most trying of Australasian
climates, and when subsequently heard of at any time it is
that they are showing more vigorous health and condition
than when browsing on their native heath.
(The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912) Saturday 9 December 1882 p 1036 Article)

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 1 month ago


Historical Archaeology Survey - VicRoads

The above study took place in the areas where proposed alternate routes for a Bulla Village by-pass were located.

On pages 56-7, is OAKLANDS ROAD PAVING H7822-2308.
As the text cannot be copied and pasted,perhaps because the historians wanted to make it hard for someone like me to point out what wild assumptions were being made, I will have to transcribe what they wrote.

Before I do so, I must point out that most municipalities started their heritage studies about 30 years too late. In about 1990, I was driven around the areas north of Tullamarine by Syd Lloyd and Bob Blackwell to whom Syd introduced me. Syd and his brothers,including George who wrote MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952, were carriers who drove all around the Broadmeadows shire and Bob knew the Bulla and Greenvale areas like the back of his hand.

Bob showed me a brick, domed, well cover that was built for Felix Fitzgerald by his maternal grandfather, William Bedford, who also built the swing bridge over Deep Creek at the end of School Lane near the state school.

An area of brick paving is located beneath a boxthorn bush at the south west corner of the junction between
Oaklands and Somerton Rds 2.7 km north east of Bulla Village. As well as the hand- made brick paving there is a small number of glass and ceramic sherds in the vicinity. This is a probable residence or hotel of the late 19th/ early 20th Century,perhaps McNamara's Hotel. ......

4.5. CAMPBELL'S COTTAGE (No problems with this.Duncan Cambell was granted 9 acres nearly opposite the Hume and Hovell cairn and immediately north of Felix Fitzgerald's grant where Bob Blackwell showed me the dome covered well that his maternal grandfather had built.

A brick,domed cistern or well with cement rendering is situated in a field to the direct west of Oaklands Road 0.4 km south of Somerton Rd......and immediately north of the old Oaklands Rd bridge....Though the site cannot be identified with certainty,Moloney and Johnson (1998b)note "an underground well/tank,perhaps part of McNamara's Hotel" in a similar position.

After 25 years, I can't remember whether the well that William Bedford built for Felix Fitzgerald was on the 8 acres granted to Felix directly opposite the Hume and Hovell monument. But if there were any more domed wells remaining,I'm sure he would have given me the story behind all of them. It would have been good if the historic sites had been plotted on a map of section 1 showing the subdivision boundaries.

Previously in the study,it is claimed that McNamara's Hotel was at the south west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds. I checked my Bulla Bulla map and found that J.McNamara was indeed granted 10.5 acres at this very corner, the north east corner of the former town common. I thought it was amazing that I had never heard of such a hotel. Despite hours of searching, I found no connection between McNamara and Bulla or Oaklands Junction but this. My search included reports of Oaklands Hunt Club rides and not once was the Oaklands Hotel mentioned.

HUNT—M'NAMARA. —On the 17th inst.,at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, by the Rev. P. Aylward, John Hunt, late of Oaklands Hotel, Bulla, to Mrs.M'Namara, Junction Hotel, Redesdale.(P.1, Argus, 23-3-1876.)

John's former wife had not been long dead and the same name was given to the hotel.

HUNT.—On the 14th June at Oakland's Hotel,Bulla, of abscess of the lungs, Anastasia, the beloved wife of John Hunt, aged 34 years. R.I.P. MELBOURNE, SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1875.
(P.11, Advocate,Melbourne, 26-6-1875.)

Oaklands Hotel, Bulla, with 70 acres of land
Apply on the premised, to J. Hunt. (P.11, Advocate, 8-1-1876.)
The Oaklands Hotel was described as being 16 miles from Melbourne in the advertisement on page 8 of the Argus of 21-12-1875.

Now,it's possible that Mrs McNamara was a partner in the Oaklands Hotel and that her children were serving drinks there so that locals called the pub McNamara's hotel. But where was it? Was the hotel and land owned or leased by John Hunt? Was the Oaklands Hotel Dean's Hotel or the Inverness Hotel?

I checked pages D 27-30 of my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND and found that in 1868,John Dean, farmer, and William James Dean,butcher, were residents of Bulla and in 1871, William James Dean was running the Inverness Hotel. The oldest available assessment when I made my transcriptions was that of 1882-3.
No acreages were given but the following was recorded:
William J.Dean, 2 land blocks N.A.V.6 pounds and hotel N.A.V. 50 pounds; John, Joseph and William Jnr Dean N.A.V.20,1 and 5 pounds; John Dean Jnr N.A.V. 3 pounds,all of these being in the Main Deep Creek Rd subdivision; and Thomas J.Dean N.A.V. 32 pounds in the Oaklands and Green Gully Subdivision.

The Main Deep Creek Road Subdivision was section 1,the old town common between Oaklands Rd and Wildwood Rd. The Oaklands and Green Gully subdivision was section 3 north of Woodlands. It is possible that the aforementioned John Hunt was related to the Deans via the Standen family.

The 53 acres which John Cosgrave bought from Mary Daniel in 1853 was later owned by Hunt and Standen before it passed to Mrs T.J.Dean of Moonee Ponds,a daughter of Standen.(P.44,BULLA BULLA I.W.Symonds.)

I believe the Oaklands Hotel was Deans Hotel and that it was therefore in the SOUTH WEST CORNER of section 1 (the old town common),not the SOUTH WEST CORNER of Somerton and Oaklands Rd where McNamara's Hotel was claimed to be (on J.McNamara's grant. The 70 acres to be sold with the hotel could have included some of John Cosgrave's purchase between the Daniels' Narbonne and James Musgrove's land (the Ponderosa Zoo when Bob Blackwell showed it to me) which was purchased by the Oaklands Hunt Club for their kennels.


It is possible that the Green Gully Hotel was McNamara's hotel but more likely that it was John Lavars' Greenvale Hotel on the south west corner of Somerton and Mickleham Rds in the parish of Yuroke and the shire of Broadmeadows. Green Gully was near the boundary between the parishes where the Moonee Ponds Creek enters Woodlands at 178 C6. The bridge referred to could have been at this point or at Melway 177J7. If the former, the hotel was probably Lavars' but if the latter, it is near the Oaklands Road Paving site and the supposed McNamara's Hotel.

SHIRE of BULLA-TENDERS for undermentioned WORKS, addressed to the President of the Bulla Shire Council, will be received up till 11 o clock a.m. on Thursday, the 15th day of July, 1875 -
Contract No l8 -Alternative tenders for the construction of a small bridge, either with timber or stone abutments, and about 10 chains of forming road, &c, near Green Gully Hotel,Bulla,(etc.)
(P.3, Argus,14-6-1875.)

I waded through 100 results (of 158 in a trove search for GREEN GULLY HOTEL and the only times this name was found occurred in the same advertisement in different issues. Green Gully was a natural feature and was Bullaese for "to the east". The part of Yuroke east of Green Gully had been named Greenvale in 1869 when school 890, nearSction Rd, was given the name of John McKerchar's farm,"Greenvale".

About that time,perhaps in 1871, John Lavars and John McKerchar donated land for what we know as Somerton Rd (for which no land had been reserved) and this caused quarrels between the two shires about the construction of a bridge at Green Gully. (GREENVALE LINKS WITH THE PAST, Annette Davis/Ferguson.)

I think the above proves conclusively that the bridge was at Green Gully and that the so-called Green Gully Hotel was actually the Greenvale Hotel (which already bore that name in 1875.)

So were Dean's Hotel and the Inverness Hotel mentioned in 1875?

Contract No. 4-76-8 chains of roadmaking near Dean's Hotel, Craig bank road*
Contract No. 6-76-12 chains of roadmaklng on Craig bank road, near bridge and Mr D.Patullo's
(P.3,Argus, 13-1-1875.)

*Dean's Hotel was on the east corner of Bulla and Wildwood Rds. The latter was called Craigbank road because it led to David Patullo's Craigbank but was later renamed Wildwood Rd after the McAuliffes' farm farther north.

There was only one mention in 1875 of the Inverness Hotel and that was in the city. How far from Melbourne was the Inverness Hotel?
Two Arrests by Police Patrol,
Called from Fairfield shortly after 1 o'clock yesterday morning the police patrol under Senior-constable Hunt arrested two men in connection with an attack on two guests and the licensee of the Inverness Hotel, about 15 miles from Melbourne, on the Bulla road. (P.16, Argus, 25-6-1928.)

This is part of an advertisement for the sale of the Glenara Estate and I presume it refers to Glenara itself.
The property has several miles of frontage to the Deep Creek, near Bulla Bulla, and is only 16 miles
from Melbourne.
(P.3, Argus, 16-4-1874.)

The Oaklands Hotel was said to be 16 miles from Melbourne. My measurements on Melway from the 10 mile post (outside Sam Parr's The Elms at Tullamarine) indicate that the police report of the Inverness Hotel being about 15 miles from Melbourne is fairly spot-on. Dean's Hotel at the east corner of Wildwood Rd is almost another mile away, while the supposed site of McNamara's Hotel at the south west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds would be an extra 1.25 miles. The Oaklands Hotel could have been either Dean's or the Inverness.

I have found no evidence that there was ever a McNamara's Hotel at Bulla/ Oaklands Junction. John Hunt's Oaklands Hotel seems more likely to be the Inverness Hotel because it was situated at the junction of the Deep Creek and Oaklands Rds (Melway 177 H11, near Perimeter Rd.) However Dean's Hotel was about 16 miles from Melbourne. Whichever was the Oaklands,it is doubtful that Hunt owned the hotel. Walter Clark owned the Inverness and associated(58?) acres,having bought all of Alexander Kennedy's section 17 Tullamarine in about 1856.Dean's hotel was so named in early 1875 and W.J.Dean who'd been running the Inverness in 1871,bought the 23 acre crown allotment 22 of section 1 on 19-3-1870 and was rated on the hotel and two blocks in 1882-3.
John Hunt would have sold only stock,furniture and what they call goodwill in regards to the hotel. The 70 acres that he was selling could have been his own land not necessarily adjoining the hotel.

I will be delighted if somebody comes up with proof that there was a McNamara's Hotel at the south west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds. How about it Moloney and Johnson (1998);if you have proof of McNamara's Hotel which I've never seen mentioned by anybody else,even Isaac Batey,let's have it!

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 1 month ago


My memory is fairly good but it's telling me now that at some stage, I might have called William Calder's son,who designed the Shire of Flinders offices at Dromana, Sam. If this is true,it was due to confusion with Sam Loxton who lived across McIlroys Rd from Four Winds and sought the refuge of his Red Hill farm following Trevor Chappell's infamous underarm final ball in a one day match against the Kiwis.

In 1919 William Calder of Armadale was assessed on 591 acres (crown allotments 18A,part 17A, Kangerong)which doesn't make sense so my transcription probably resulted from a guess at what the scribble meant and he was probably rated on 91 acres, which must have included 31 acres of the 77 acre 17A, Four Winds at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds consisting of 59 acres 3 roods 25 perches but always described as 60 acres. S.P.Calder was assessed on 12 acres which would have been part of 18C for which he obtained the grant, apparently in 1928 and would have provided access from Four Winds to 17A.
(Google KANGERONG,PARISH OF MORNINGTON, to see the Kangerong parish map.)

William Calder may have spent much of his leisure time developing the garden at Four Winds but a fair slab of his time was devoted to his role as an indispensable Chairman of the Red Hill Show committee. The report of a committee meeting before the show and shortly after William's death gives much more detail about how great his contribution had been and that (in my words) all hands to the wheel would be required to fill the void.
RED HILL, Wednesday. In spite of the showery weather,there was a good attendance at the seventh annual show. Mr R.H.Holmes,vice-president, referred to the very serious loss which the society had suffered by the death of the president,Mr W.Calder. Mr Downward M.L.A. said that Mr Calder's death was a loss not only to Red
Hill, but to the state. (P.10,Argus,22-3-1928.)

Late Mr. W. Calder's Home.
The country homo known as The Four Winds at Red Hill, which was the property of the late Mr. William Calder, chairman of the Country Roads Board, has been purchased by Mr.E.E.Thompson, of Flete avenue Malvern. The house
is modern in design and construction, and has fine grounds, to the improvement of which Mr.Calder devoted much of his leisure time. The sale was made through the agency of Mr George Higgens, of Red Hill.
(P.14, Argus, 25-10-1929.)

William Calder (engineer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Calder, (31 July 1860 – 18 February 1928), engineer, was born at Lovell's Flat, Milton near Dunedin, New Zealand, only son of Arthur Calder and his wife Margaret Milne, née Strachan. Calder was educated in New Zealand (Milton local school and the Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin 1876-77), and then attended Otago University. He become a cadet in the Government Survey Department in October 1883 and after five years of practical training, he passed the authorized surveyors' examination with credit in July 1888, and was responsible for much road construction and exploration in the North and South islands of the Dominion.[1][2]

Migration to Australia
In 1888 he came to Victoria and worked in private engineering and surveying firms. In October 1889 he became assistant town surveyor for the City of Footscray, and in July 1890 town engineer. At night he studied to gain certificates as municipal engineer (1890) and engineer of Water supply (1892). From December 1897 to March 1913, Calder was city engineer and building surveyor to the City of Prahran. Among the works he is credited with are the first asphalted carpet-road surface, the first refuse destructor in Australia, and the completion of a major drainage project.[1] By March 1903 he was an associate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, and a member of the Institution of Municipal and County Engineers of Great Britain.[3]

Country Roads Board[edit]
Calder made the greatest impact as the first Chairman for the Country Roads Board (CRB) from 1913 to 1928. Among his first tasks was to undertake an exhaustive inspection of the road system, which had been neglected by the responsible municipalities and state government since the building of the railways. Calder was known as a meticulous note-taker and enthusiastic photographer, and his notes recording the board's progress were transcribed and used as a basic reference for many years. Despite, shortages of money and manpower for road-building as a consequence of the Great War, Calder campaigned successfully for more funds, especially for arterial roads, both publicly and privately.[1]

He toured Europe and North America in 1924 examining road-construction practice and road-administration and reported extensively on matters such as the controversy on the American concrete pavement techniques versus British asphalt.[1] His report, published that year, is widely regarded as a classic of road-construction practice and road-administration.[4]

Many of Calder's recommendations were included in the important Highways and Vehicles Act of 1924,[5] which provided for the declaration of State highways, two-thirds financed by the State government through the C.R.B. This network of highways is perhaps Calder's main achievement: the Calder Highway, the road to Bendigo and Mildura was named after him. The Country roads Board's system of organization was copied in other States, New Zealand and Fiji. Calder was a strong advocated for Federal assistance in highway construction, and attended the first meeting of the Federal Aid Roads Board set up under the Act of 1926.[1]

Personal life
Calder had married Elizabeth Bagley Palmer of Dunedin on 4 November 1889 at Brunswick, Victoria. He was a devout Presbyterian and member of his church boards of management of Footscray and Armadale. He had close links with Professor Henry Payne of the University of Melbourne. Calder was known as a 'champion shot', and assisted with military training in the Moorooduc area during World War I. He hoped to retire to his small property at Red Hill, Victoria but died of cancer at East Malvern on 18 February 1928. He was still Chairman and chief engineer of the CRB when he died, and was replaced as chief engineer by Donald Victor Darwin.

Calder was survived by his wife, a son (Architect Stuart Palmer Calder) and a daughter, and was buried in Cheltenham cemetery after a ceremony at Gardiner Presbyterian Church. Calder's wife was awarded a special State pension by the Victorian Government, which saved her from financial difficulty. Memorials to William Calder include an avenue of trees on the road to Geelong beginning one mile past Werribee, cairns at Warragul and elsewhere in Gippsland, an obelisk on the Princes Highway, at Drouin,[6] a plaque at Frankston [7] and a bridge at Moe. A portrait of him by Tom Roberts, hung in the C.R.B. board room, in Kew until recently.[1]

I have a suspicion that prominent historian,Winty Calder,born in 1927 (possibly at Mornington) was a daughter of Stuart Palmer Calder.

1 comment(s), latest 3 years ago


No,you haven't missed the reunion! It's on Sunday,March 22,not long now!

Sybil Cumming (nee Colliver)had already sent me Graeme Saunders' memoirs and today I received her terrific contribution. As I'm presently writing journals about Dromana and Mickleham,I thought I'd better get this journal started before any other sidetracks crop up.

For those without internet access,or who wish to see the photos and scanned newspaper articles that cannot be published here,I will be printing a booklet which I intend to finish before the end of April,and will consist of all the memoirs contributed. I will announce in a comment under this journal when they are available; you can then purchase your copy at the Dromana Historical Society museum in the old shire office for a donation of $2 (or more if you can afford it) to the society. If you intend going on a holiday near the end of April,get a friend to look for my announcement and pick up your copy or you might miss out. The museum will be re-opened after repainting by the time the book is ready, is at the top of Melway 159 F-G7 in the old Shire of Flinders Office,and will be open on the 1st and 3rd Sunday of the month. People living more than a two hour drive from Dromana may contact me NOW to reserve a copy and organise postage.


Childhood Memories – Growing up in Red Hill
CONTRIBUTION 1 FROM Sybil Cumming (nee Colliver)

My mother was MAVIS EILEEN CLEINE, the second child, and only daughter of Karl and Myrtle Cleine. She was born in the Dromana Hospital in May 1925. Her father, my grandfather was the youngest of Charles (Chas) Cleine’s 11 children, so during her childhood there were many cousins and second cousins living in the area. Here is a newspaper article (Frankston Standard, Thursday 2 November 1944, page 4) where my mother is mentioned when she was a bridesmaid at the wedding of one of her cousins, BERYL PROSSOR.
My mother was educated at the Red Hill State School and at Frankston High School. Her first job after leaving school was working as a shorthand typist in the Shire Office in Dromana, now the Dromana and District Historical Society Museum. The photo below of the ladies working in the Shire Office was taken sometime around 1944. Mavis Cleine is standing in the centre of the group.

When she was 19 years of age, relaxing after work having a drink in the Dromana pub, she met the love of her life, an older man from the city who was to become my father: CLIFFORD HAROLD COLLIVER was living in Black Rock and at that time was employed as a fitter and turner for the Victorian Railways. They were both avid tennis players.
My parents had a small wedding in Hampton in December 1944 and honeymooned in Cowes on Phillip Island, despite the Red Hill news column (see next page) printed on page 2 of the Frankston Standard on 7 December 1944, stating that my mother’s new husband was called Clive and that they spent their honeymoon in Cairns.

For the first couple of years of their married life my parents lived with my grandparents in ‘Brooklet’ on the corner of Mechanics Road and Redhill/Arthur’s Seat Road. Here my father first learned about life as an apple orchardist, working with his parents-in-law and brother-in law, PHILIP SIDNEY CLEINE who lived next door. The front drawing room of ‘Brooklet’ was converted into my parents’ bedroom and later, after the birth of my brother, Ian, in October 1946 part of the front veranda was filled in to make a nursery.

My mother used to love dancing and for the first few years of her marriage managed to drag my father to the regular Saturday night dances in the local hall (Mechanics Hall). My brother used to be placed in his carry bassinet on the stage behind the piano.

I remember going along to those Saturday night dances myself as a child. The whole family was included. I used to love doing the barn dance with the grown-ups.

And later on I have a vague memory from the early 1960’s of some dancing lessons. Who ran the classes? Was it Russell and Shirley Simpson? I do remember hours of patient coaching and practice and then the competition, where I nervously stepped my way through the Palmer Waltz with John McCallum.

Another memory I have of Mechanics Hall is the flower shows. My Uncle ‘Phip’ Cleine usually won the blue ribbons for his glorious gladioli blooms and his dahlias were quite a sight. He grew them all down on the flat at ‘Brooklet’ where the original homestead was built.

It must have been sometime in 1947 that my parents bought the house we called ‘Kia-Ora’ and 15 acres of land on the corner of Beaulieu Road and Shoreham Road (now 3 Beaulieu Road). I remember the remains of another old house on the property, overtaken by Kentish cherry trees, near where my father built the tractor shed and later on a small hen house. In the late 50’s my mother, Mavis planted an acorn near the foundations of that original house. A huge oak tree stands tall on that spot today. There was another little cottage on the property, facing onto Shoreham Road. It was rented out to another family (Tulloch) until the early 50’s when it became the storage shed for all the apple cases. What a great cubby house that cottage made.

Some of the property already had established apple orchards, mainly Jonathons and Red Delicious, but over the next few years my father planted more including Granny Smiths, Golden Delicious and Gravensteins. He also built a dam on the Shoreham Road boundary, near our small pine plantation and a large packing shed near the old stable.
One of my father’s best friends and mentor in those early days was AUBREY NOEL (A.C.B Noel), one of his mates from the Red Hill Tennis Team.

Red Hill Tennis Club 1947
Back Row: L-R: "Phip" Cleine, Jack Holmes, Aubrey Noel. Centre: May Wainwright
Front Row: L-R: Alice Prossor, Mavis Colliver, Cliff Colliver, Bill Craig, George Bloomfield.

Below is a photo circa 1948 with Aubrey Noel driving the tractor with my father Cliff Colliver (holding my brother Ian) and my grandmother, Myrtle Cleine (holding my sister Kay).

When it came time to pick the apples my father recruited friends, neighbours and relatives to help out.

Apple pickers L-R: Cliff Colliver, Gladys Bedford (a neighbour and wife of the Red Hill Cool Store Engineer, Jack Bedford), Harold Wilson and Ivan White (dairy farmers from Main Ridge).

Childhood Memories – Growing up in Red Hill South
CONTRIBUTION 2 FROM Sybil Cumming (nee Colliver)

Although the house where I grew up is now 3 Beaulieu Road, Red Hill South, our mailing address from earliest memory was simply Shoreham Road, Red Hill South and we collected the mail from the Red Hill South Post Office, located next door to Pedley’s grocery store on the corner of Point Leo Road and Shoreham Road. My sister recalls that the ALEX PEDLEY was one of the first postmasters there. A new building was constructed to house the new Post Office with, I think, a feed and grain store and petrol pump as well.
In the 1950’s and 60’s there were only three houses in Beaulieu Road. We couldn’t see any of the neighbouring houses and it was thick bushland across the road. We spent many happy hours over there picking blackberries, maidenhair fern and wild violets. At the end of the road where the gravel road turned into a rough bush track lived JACK AND PHYLLIS KIRBY. They had two daughters, one was named Joy. We had the first house on the corner and in the middle further down on the same side of the road lived our nearest neighbours DICK AND MILLIE MAY. The May family had a dairy cow and grew sweet corn as well as apples. My brother, sister and I often played with their two girls, Lynette and Merle. A lasting memory was one exceptionally hot summer day when we all went swimming in their dam, the one frequented by their cow. As we walked home afterwards we started to smell something putrid. It was us! We had stirred up a lot of vile smelling mud as we cavorted in the water.
In those days Simpson Street connected with Shoreham Road. Our neighbours going up the hill on Simpson Street were CHARLIE AND IRIS CROWE and their children Tessa and Bruce. They lived next door to a beautiful old two storey house owned by the Red Hill Cool Store, on the corner of Simpson Street and Baynes Road. JACK AND GLADYS BEDFORD lived in that house with their only daughter Jean, as Jack was employed as the cool store engineer. The Bedfords became close friends with my family and we spent many a Christmas and New Year Eve enjoying their old English hospitality with singsongs around the piano. My “Auntie Glad” really knew how to pound that keyboard and she taught us many of the old war tunes. JEAN BEDFORD later gained some fame as an author. Two of her books Country Girl Again and Love Child depict life living in a country town very reminiscent of Red Hill in the early 60’s.
Over the road from the Bedfords lived one of the Edwards families: Bob, his wife and their children Henry, Melva (dec'd) and Francis. BOB EDWARDS often worked on a block of land he owned further down the track at the end of Beaulieu Road. Nearly every day he used to drive his old (Ford) truck to work there. Many times we watched with amusement as he would drive backwards all the way down Simpson Street, across Shoreham Road and past our house, driving in reverse gear because the other gears on his truck didn't work! The other Edwards family that we knew were MATT AND HAZEL EDWARDS, and their kids were Donald, Keith and Elaine. They lived almost across the road from the Red Hill South Post Office. They were the first family in Red Hill South to buy a television set in 1956. Children from all over the district were invited into their lounge room each night at 6.00 pm to watch the Mickey Mouse Club. Matt Edwards owned and drove one of the semi-trailers that collected the packed apples from our area and drove them to the market in Melbourne each week. He would bring back fresh fruit and vegetables which BELLA EDWARDS used to sell in her shed/market stall.

Memories of Red Hill Consolidated School
When I first started school in 1955 it was Syd Hitchcock who drove the Shoreham bus past my house (on the corner of Beaulieu and Shoreham Roads) to the Consolidated School. An old wooden container that once housed a VW beetle was turned on its end to make a shelter for me, my brother and sister, and several of the neighbours’ children. We had a normal looking bus (ex-Peninsula bus lines) but the kids from the Balnarring area got to ride in an articulated semi-trailer style of bus that was painted sky blue, if I remember correctly. The bus parking area was then at the front of the school beside the main assembly area outside the main office. The drivers parked the buses there all day and went off to their normal day jobs before returning for the afternoon shift.

In 1957 my Grade 2 teacher was Mrs A McKenzie. (See photo on next page.) The year before she was involved in the school bus crash. The bus driven by Syd Hitchcock with nine children from the Consolidated School on board had swerved to avoid a collision with an old model utility and plunged 40 feet off the bridge and into the creek at Shoreham.

1957 Grade 2
STANDING BACK ROW: Mrs A. McKenzie, John McCallum, _________ , _________ , _________ , Danny ? , _________ , _________ , _________ , Kenneth Williams, _________ , Shane Wright.
STANDING MIDDLE ROW: Ian Duffield, Peter Wilson, ________ , Wendy Higgins, Lorna Hemple, Pam Smith, Wendy Haddow, Barbara Mannix, Margaret Longmuir, Trevor Storer? Andrew Duncan.
SEATED MIDDLE ROW: Kay Francis, Judith Setter, Christina Dowling, Elaine Buxton, Rosemary Squires, Helen Duffield, Shirley Holden? Julie Sherwood, Lorraine Lester, Sybil Colliver, Joan Cotter, Maria Del Grosso, Susan Boyd.
FRONT ROW: _________ , _________ , Kevin ? Mervin Chambers, _________



I have some stories from the past:
• I used to ride on the steam train that went to Red Hill South packing sheds and timber yards.
• There was also a rail line from the Dromana Pier to Red Hill and it came up Eaton’s cutting opposite the Red Hill Consolidated School.
• The rails were made of timber and the rail trucks were pulled up the line by Bullock teams carting freight for Red Hill and Main Ridge.
• The OT Jam factory had a dam on the side of the mountain opposite Main Creek Road, Main Ridge.

PHOTO. Opening of the Red Hill Railway Line on 2 December 1921.
(Karl Cleine is pictured to the right in the black hat.)

Part of Bev's letter,relating to the Darleys of the Survey,Fingal and Flinders has been posted as the last comment under the RED HILL POST 1940 journal. She must have spent hours on her contribution on Sunday night after the reunion. The letter was in my letterbox by noon today (Tuesday.)

Bev's comments refer to things that I wrote in the Red Hill post 1940 journal and come with page numbers but as page numbers cannot be seen on the journal,they would be meaningless unless you printed the journal, so the numbers are not included here. The comments follow in the order they would Relate to the named journal.

Mr Ratcliffe was the mailman,not the postmaster,for about ten years. He was the first to deliver mail and retired when he was 80. He drove a ute (which Bev thought was green but she said Ethel Bailey would know.)

Harry Amos was the headteacher at Red Hill from at least 1927. He was the secretary of the Red hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society.

Alice (deceased) and Norma Prossor,twin daughters of May (nee Holmes) and Norm Prossor became,respectively, Mrs Les Bright and Mrs Ken Edwards. Ken's parents were Reuben and Mavis Edwards. Reuben managed the I.F.M. packing shed.

G.Larissen was in the local V.D.F. (Volunteer Defence Corps?)

Dromana Football Club. Probably Elgar Pittock who had a garage at Red Hill. Elgar is not Graham's father.
(I saw Cr Pittock at the Australia Day festivities on the foreshore (26-1-2015)and he told me that Elgar lived in Dromana and drove to Red Hill every day to operate the garage. By the way, Graham is descended from the famed Sorrento fishing family,the Watsons, via the Stirlings, and my WATSONS AND STIRLINGS OF PORTSEA AND SORRENTO journal resulted from an interview with Graham's(aunt?) to whom he introduced me.)

DIDN'T TELL MUM? Ethel Bailey was not aware that her son was a member of Frankston Standard's* Children's Club when he was about five years old. Sneaky little Robert!
NEW MEMBERS WELCOMED The following new members enrolled during the week. They are welcomed as Club members.
A special welcome is extended to the new members from Red Hill South and from Langwarrin: We should get a lot of members from the outlying districts of the Peninsula: Robert Bailey, Red Hill South,Eric Jewell, Frankston (etc.)(*Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949)Thursday 26 June 1947,page 13.)

Red Hill joined with other Show Societies between 1939 and 1949.
(It is hard to find trove articles about Red Hill because you get millions of results of which one grain of sand per beach actually pertains to our Red Hill. However,I was able to establish that in 1940, while Frankston had a very successful show, Somerville's renowned and decades old show was cancelled. There were plenty of reports of the 1947 Red Hill Show; it was not run by a show committee but by the Red Hill and District Progress Association. I think I pointed out the reason in the annals section of the RED HILL POST 1940 journal. You will remember the article about the huge numbers of Fred Volk's footy team and other Red Hill residents enlisting. Due to the reduced number of men,the little ladies not, of course, being invited to fill the void due to a now-outmoded attitude, a central committee took responsibility for functions performed previously by several separate committees.)

Mr Milburn,who lived opposite the Co-Op Coolstore put sides on his truck and a tarp over it,and with apple cases as seats transported young people to events such as the Lang Lang Rodeo, Country Week basketball (netball)at Royal Park,and to pictures at Dromana as a reward for Red Hill South State School winning the "Big Shield" at the Athletics Sports at Rosebud.Red Hill South had miraculously beaten the BIG schools.

Can we do something to stop the in-comers pronouncing Purves (as the plural of Purve) instead of the pronunciation used by the family:Purv-ES?
(The Laurissens, Johnsons (later changed to Johnstones, such as Christie Johnstone of Flinders but not George Johnstone of Purves Rd who married Olive Cairns and is mentioned in Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and Wilsons (but not Gervais Wilson,ancestor of Peter Hemphill) all feature in the Sarah Wilson story. When Bobby Wilson's head was split open in 1902,it was his uncle, Mr Laurissen who wrote to the Mornington Standard commending those, such as Constable Edwards, who had got him to Dr Somers in Mornington. Bobby's father had married a Purves girl,hence Bev's concern that the surname should be pronounced correctly.

That the surname was pronounced as Bev claims is illustrated by a rate collector who had obvious HEARD the name but never seen it in writing and wrote PURVIS in his assessment of Greenhills in Purves Road. PURV-ESS.
The name's origin had nothing to do with STANDING ON THE CORNER WATCHING ALL THE GIRLS GO BY (hit song from "The Boyfriend")but an old French word similar to purveyor, a collector of taxes for the likes of William the Conqueror.)

When I was at school what is now known as Shands Rd was known as Miltary Rd. Before W.W.2,it was a rough track. The military constructed a new road, a decent bridge etc.I believe it was formally gazetted as Shands Rd later when lots of roads were given names.

(Very few roads had names for almost a century and a road making contract might state something like so many chains between Blakeley's and Jarman's (Ecclesall and Devonia.) My paper Balnarring parish map shows gravel reserves (gazetted in 1954) on part of G.Wilson's 66A at Melway 255 HJ1,where Shands Rd was extended to Shoreham Rd, that are shown as RESERVED FOR MILITARY PURPOSES on an earlier map,probably the online one. )

A lot of folk lore surrounds this.Several people were given permission to occupy their blocks but starved and left so (their crown leases were) cancelled.
(My Village Settlement Pioneers journal indicates that this was probably the case with Tassell and Marshall; Mrs Thiele would have left because of the death of her husband Charles in the accident on Eatons Cutting Rd.When I walked down Prossors Lane to Trevor Holmes'place, I couldn't help visualising the mammoth task that would have been involved in clearing a block before any food could be grown; no wonder some starved.

I wonder why 74 Balnarring hadn't been alienated before the 1890's depression. It wouldn't have been required as a timber reserve amidst such a forest of stately gums. Perhaps it had been put up to auction and no bids were made because of the clearing required.)

I can't remember any Red Hill South tennis club/team. Who were the names apart from Trewin and Rigby?
(The article about the 1940 finals was the only reference to the club that I could find.)

GERVAISE WILSON (Research by Bud Wilson sent to Michael Osborne (U.K.)
James Gibbon Wilson married Jane Ester Figgis in Dublin 1828. After James died Jane went to England with her 8 children and emigrated to Tasmania,moving to Victoria in 1868. Jane died at Queenscliff in 1902. Jane's second son,Alfred Benjamin Wilson,born in Dublin 1836,married Sarah Anne (Flora) Hunt in Tasmania (and obviously remained in Tasmania when Jane,and perhaps her younger children moved to Victoria.-itellya.)Alfred's family moved to Victoria in 1888/89 and started an apple orchard business in Red Hill and Main Ridge. Alfred died at Dromana in 1926.

His second son, Gervase Mason Wilson married Jane Graves in 190(8?)and continued his father's apple orchard business. He died in 1965. His grandson (presumably Peter Hemphill about whom I wrote in the original journal) still has the one remaining orchard. The brothers of Gervaise were Reginald James Wilson (b. Launceston 1881, died Vic.1970) and Raymond Figgis Wilson (b.1882 Launceston,died Vic.1979.)The latter(presumably)was firstly a farmer in Punty Lane,Shoreham, before becoming a fitter. His name is on the 1912 Electoral Roll.

R. J. Wilson's "Wyoming Orchard" was on Tucks Rd On the Flinders side of Shands Rd, I was told on the right side.He was a bachelor,rode amotor bike and was "a different religion".Was this Reginald James Wilson? It would be interesting to check the will of Alfred Benjamin Wilson or wife Sarah Ann (Flora.)

Bev has drawn a sketch showing Gervaise Wilson* at the north east corner of Tucks and Shands Rds with Esther and Bobby Wilson's "Fernbank" to the east across Stony Creek fronting Shoreham and Shand's Rds and the Laurissens to the north. R.J.Wilson's *"Wyoming" was shown at the south east corner of Shands and Tucks Rds.

* These properties and parish maps/rates.
In 1919/20 the rate collector's writing must have been terrible unless he actually wrote the wrong surname. I transcribed selected assessments near Red Hill in the parish of Balnarring,which did not include the Laurissen's farm whose location is described in GIVING DESTINY A HAND.

Gervais Wilson was on the north east corner of Tucks and Shands as Bev stated. Crown allotments 68AB, granted to A.Allan and consisting of 116 acres 2 roods 30 perches is roughly indicated by Melway 190 G11-12. Fernbank, 67AB, did not actually front Shands Rd which heads south east to Shoreham Rd through G.Wilson's grant, 66A.
As 67AB totalled 107 acres 36 perches,the Laurissens probably had about 30 acres at the north end of 67A.

I did not record rate records in the parish of Flinders, across Shands Rd from Gervaise Wilson but R.J.Wilson was granted crown allotment 2C of 30 acres on 5-6-1941. This was part of 2B,granted to J.Bullock on 20-11-1869 and had to be a closer settlement or soldier settlement farm, either of which could be paid off on generous terms. This was probably Wyoming Orchard and makes it extremely likely that the grantee was Reginald James Wilson. R.J.Wilson's grant was near the south west corner of Shands and Tucks Rds, not the south east as shown on Bev's sketch map, and is indicated by 276 Tucks Rd/ Melway 255 F 2-3.The south east corner was Thomas Dowling's grant.

I think R.Ellis (Dick) was a brother of Esther, nee Ellis, Bobby Wilson's wife. Auntie Esther had her elderly blind mother living with her and (Esther's) son,Bobby, when I was a kid.

Carol Holmes' mother was Elva Dowling and family research on property etc has been done.

I can remember Glenn Wills playing football for Red hill after the war-a big fair haired player. Dad was President of R.H.F.C. at this time and he always seemed busy talking with andvisiting boysfor the team.

I believe Phil Cleine and wife were the people who started Red Hill Gardening Club which is still going strong,not the A.and H. Society in 1922.

See Jean Edwards to confirm that Beaulieu Rd was named after Nash.(Subdivision Frederick and Elizabeth St too.)
(As pointed out in memories,Beaulieu Rd was known as Government road,being the boundary between J.McConnell's grants, 75A to the north and 75B to the south. In 1919 75 AB had been subdivided, with those assessed being James Smith of Shoreham (lot 4, 20 acres) Karl Cleine (lot 9,18 acres), Thomas John Simpson (lot 8, 20 acres and building),G.l.Taylor,Merbein (lot 10,20 acres), L.Tanell , almost certainly Tassell,of Footscray (lot 11,20 acres), F.R.Yeates,almost certainly Yates,of Buckley St, Essendon (probably the son of David Yates of the Racecourse Hotel at Keilor)(lots 1,2, 3,12, 135 acres). You might notice that lots 5,6 and 7 haven't been mentioned and that the rate collectors standard of care is not too hot. Therefore my transcription of the following is probably what he wrote.
Frederick Nash Snr,still on 74 FG of the Village Settlement, (lots 6 and 7 73AB,40 acres),
Mrs E.G.Nash (lot 5,20 acres,73 AB.)
These should have been 75AB. The Nashes had 60 acres, obviously adjoining. Yates'lot 12 must have consisted of 75 acres fronting Stony Creek. Was Frances St named after a member of the Nash family too?

When I have a moment I was thinking about writing a few lines from my memories of the Red Hill Swaggie "Old Jimmy" if you are interested.(I replied that it would be great to have two viewpoints and told her that I'd let her see Bev's now.

Jimmy Heffernan was the well-known swaggy seen walking along the road to (Melbourne?)He often camped out under the bridge over Pt Nepean Rd at Balcombe Creek. Alway carried his sugar bag (similar to the one carried by Charlie Johnstone in Petronella Wilson's "Giving Destiny a Hand.") The carry bag was a pre- back pack. Jimmy lived in a small one roomed bungalow on a beautiful bush block in Cherry Rd. This building is still in the front garden of Mark Koscic's house. The power was connected initially to the bungalow and now onto the house. I believe a nephew (maybe a priest)kept an eye on him and that Jimmy owned the property. I remember Dad telling me that the nephew said that Jimmy wasn't a pauper-just a way of life. No idea where he bought his food. Dad emptied his car ash tray in front of his place, (Itellya-this sounds like a vindictive act but I presume that Jimmy satisfied his nicotine craving with the butts)- and often a case of apples would fall off the trailer along the road for him.

We were never frightened of him. The only time he came to our place was just after Dad died. He came with a dirty white cup; Mum said asking "The Missus" for a cup of sugar. He got the sugar but also went off with a "flea in his ear" and didn't bother her again. Must check out if the hut had a fireplace.


The following is an excerpt from the book “Wildwood …a little farm well-tilled” which is in the process of production by Barry Wright. The Chapter here describes the years when Max and Berta Wright lived at the house Sheltrenook situated on the Wildwood property.

As the world grappled with the Great Depression Max settled into the task of running the orchard under the watchful eye of Walter. Max clearly enjoyed the work, and no doubt he was very happy that his father’s decision had found them in Red Hill. No doubt he was also happy that the building trade was behind him and he could devote his energies to his love of growing things. The new life and work on the little property at Red Hill working with his father presented many challenges for Max. And six years after the Wright family’s arrival in Red Hill there was to be another major change in Maxwell’s life.

In 1934 Maxwell married Berta Smith. Berta had come to Red Hill to take up an appointment as a second teacher at the local Red Hill School No. 1301 (now St. George’s Church of England). Berta and Max build a new home, which they called Sheltrenook on the southern slope of the Wildwood property, about 400 metres south of the Wildwood house on Red Hill Road. The setting was against a backdrop of bush on the southern side, which had been logged earlier in the history of the property but still held a scattering of ancient messmate and peppermint gums (no doubt un-millable because of their size and senility) dominating the strong regrowth of quite sizeable trees. The new house, Sheltrenook, tucked on the southern slope between “The Bush” and the partially cleared paddock above it, was built by Max and his father from timber milled from messmate trees cut from the bush on the property with some of the flooring cut from local radiata pine. The timber was milled at Vic Holmes’ steam sawmill, which was located nearby; about halfway between Wildwood and the Church of Christ on the south side of the Red Hill Road (a little to the west of the house now at 229 Arthurs Seat Road). Over the years Max and Berta improved and developed the simple house and the surrounding garden, planting a great variety of fruit trees and ornamental trees and shrubs.

Until the late 1940’s there was no track or road down to the house. To get to the outside world we had to walk up the hill, across the paddock, past the “Little Gums” and then under the archway of the massive pine trees standing in a row on the brow of the hill. To the left was the stable, the cow bail and the “Red Shed” . And on the right the machinery shed, the well dug by Walter and the old house “Wildwood”. From there a gravel drive ran down a northern slope and through a wooden gate to the “Top Road” (Arthurs Seat Road). On the left side of the driveway between the sheds and the road there were two weatherboard garages under the pine trees. One of these housed in the 1950s the little bull-nosed Morris tourer that belonged to Auntie Phyll. The other garage housed the grey 1924 Packard Six truck which sat in the oily gloom poised for a rolling start. The old Packard had started life as a stylish tourer but in the early nineteen forties had been modified by the addition of a wooden tray and sides so that it could cart fruit to the Red Hill Cooperative Cool Store at the railhead at Red Hill South. The Truck also served as the family “car”.

It wasn’t until the late 1940s that electricity was connected to the house at Sheltrenook. Prior to this, lighting was by candles and kerosene lamps. Cooking was done on a wood stove. Cold water was piped from the water tank to the kitchen and to the bathroom and “back porch”, which served as a laundry. There was no hot water supply. Water for the kitchen and for baths was heated in a slender metal tank that nestled beside the firebox of the stove. At the top of this tank there was a screw cap where cold water could be added and a large brass tap at the bottom to draw off the heated water.

The sitting room was heated by an open fire. Both kitchen and sitting room fireplaces and chimneys were fashioned out of galvanised “tin” sheet, in an all-in-one traditional square chimney and fireplace unit held together with rivets. The kitchen stove and sitting room fire were set respectively on concrete hearths. The hearth in the sitting room was edged with a removable piece of fine Tasmanian fiddleback blackwood, constructed by Walter in a shallow “U” shape and lined with galvanised iron to protect it from the heat.

The exterior cladding of the house was vertical six-inch by one-inch hardwood boards with two-inch by one-inch cover strips nailed over the joints between the vertical boards. Up until the mid-1950s inside the house there was no internal lining of the walls. The back of the exterior boards was covered with sisalkraft . This was tacked to the boards concealing the raw boards and studs. The ceilings were very low and were made of hoop-pine plywood nailed to the bearers. In some places decorative newspaper “wallpaper” was pasted onto the sisalkraft.

The bathroom was spartan, sporting a naked galvanised iron bath painted in latter days a sort of industrial green. Cold water was laid on but there was no shower and the hand basin was just that – a grey enamel basin. The water supply was always a problem, especially during summer when the galvanised iron tanks became seriously depleted. I have summertime memories of Dad anxiously rapping the tanks with his bare knuckles to determine the water level and memories of the once-a-week bath night being monitored by Dad thrusting a wooden ruler into the barely wet bottom of the tin bath and pronouncing the permissible level. “Four inches” sticks in my mind. Not much water and not much quality, especially when on the patch of land just to the north of the house Dad maintained a highly productive vegetable garden, using environmentally-friendly growing techniques including companion planting, composting, mulching, and “no dig” techniques many years before these “new age” strategies were embraced with religious zeal by the wave of pale city dwellers who began to gradually seep into the city-near farmland, buoyed by the burgeoning affluence of the nineteen sixties.

The apple orchard at “Wildwood” was small, just ten acres (4 hectares) with about 1000 apple trees. The predominant variety was Jonathans. Other varieties included Granny Smith, Rome Beauty, Red Delicious, Yates, Rokewood, Stewart’s Seedling, Golden Delicious, Gravenstein and a number of other varieties some of which were produced on single trees or single branch grafts in the other main-crop trees. These varieties bearing exotic names included Alfriston, Pomme de Neige, Winesap, Hoover, Irish Peach, Red Astrachan, Democrat, Winter Majetin, Five Crown or London Pippin, Northern Spy, Sturmer, Rymer, Newman and Twenty Ounce. In addition there were a small number of pear trees – Beurre Bosc, Williams Bon Chretien, Josephine, Winter Nelis, Winter Cole and Packham’s Triumph and there was also a patch of lemon trees along Blakely’s Line on the western side of the Young Orchard.

This minimal fruit farm consistently produced crops well in excess of the State average per acre. In 1951 the Department of Agriculture Orchard Supervisor, Duncan Brown, in an article in the local newspaper, the “Peninsula Post”, wrote a glowing report on the little orchard and the professionalism and skill of Max.

A little farm well tilled
By D.D.B.
At Red Hill there is a picturesque little orchard of ten acres divided into sections by tall sheltering pines. Each tree is cared for individually and the orchard is so productive that up to 5000 cases had been picked in an “on” year and about 2000 cases in an “off” year. This profitable little orchard is owned by Mr Max Wright to whom fruit growing is as much a hobby as a profession.

The success of this small establishment speaks for itself. It stresses the desirability of owning a comparatively small property and looking after it intelligently and efficiently.Many apple properties twice, or even three times its size, produce less through the owner’s inability to do the right thing at the right time, or to attend to essential detail.

Mr Wright has made a study of fruit growing since 1928 and has the ability, the knowledge and the time to attend to detail. He has he also learned to be particularly observant in an anticipatory matter. He realises that all phases of orchard management are so correlated and interrelated that neglect of one will nullify the effects of others. Everything is done on time, and done thoroughly and efficiently.

An ardent believer in soil fertility Mr Wright sows legume crops each year and applies as much bulk as he possibly can. This, with an average of 5lbs. blood and bone, constitutes the trees’ manurial program. It is not considered sufficient, however, and heavier applications will be applied in future.

Careful diary
Work on the orchard is made more interesting, constructive and lucrative by various tests and trials put down by Mr Wright. He keeps a meticulous diary of these observations, but even without its aid could conduct a visitor to any tree and tell what the trial has been, or is being conducted. Very often the results point the way to the more extensive use, or discontinuance, of the trial under way.

Among his various experiments is one of sod culture. Three years ago about 16 trees were put down under clover and rye grass which is cut at regular intervals. So far neither trees nor fruits have suffered with the trial, and the test is encouraging and worth carrying on.

Long pruning of Romes is another trial. These trees are some of the largest in the district with the fruits borne at the end of the laterals. The trees bear exceptionally well and the fruit, hanging well out, colours better. This method is different from the accepted hard pruning of this variety. Mr Wright does not claim any advantage over the other method of pruning, but just explains that there may be exceptions to rule...

... There is an old tale about nasturtiums cleaning up woolly aphis. Mr Wright ridiculed, but tried it, by sowing some nasturtium seed below one Granny Smith apple tree always susceptible to and pitted with the aphis. He purposely refrained from spraying that tree and the nasturtiums grew strongly up it. The woolly aphis almost disappeared. This can be vouched for by the writer, but no explanation can be given.

During these years the ownership of the Wildwood property remained in Walter’s hands with Max in partnership working the orchard. In 1955 Walter Wright died in his ninetieth year after a long and full life. He was active to the end. In his own words he had had “a splendid innings” and he believed he had lived in “The Golden Age”. The ownership of Wildwood passed to Max, and he continued to fine-tune the production of apples from the little orchard.

1.The “Red Shed” was an addition to the original stables that were constructed before the arrival of the Wright family. Walter constructed the Red Shed from timber, which he split from messmate trees on the property. The roof was corrugated iron and most of the walls were clad with flattened 44gallon tar drums painted with red lead – a mixture of red lead (lead tetroxide) and linseed oil. Red Lead was a common (and highly toxic) anti-corrosive and primer paint in common use until relatively recently.

2. “Sisalkraft”, which is still available, was a heavy duty building paper which had a layer of bitumen sandwiched between heavy brown paper. Threads of sisal were imbedded in the bitumen layer to provide strength and resist tearing. In most cases the sisalkraft at “Sheltrenook” provided an effective draft barrier.
3. The orchard was planted on a 20 feet by 20 feet grid giving 108 trees to the acre. This spacing was typical of orchards planted in Southern Victoria in the first half of the twentieth century.

4. These words: “A little farm well tilled, A little barn well filled. A little wife well willed …” are from the comic opera “The Soldier’s Return” by James Hook, 1805 - which in turn were no doubt derived from lines in Grete Herbal by Peter Treveris, London (1526) ‘A little house well fill’d, a little land well till’d, a little barn well fill’d, and a little wife well will’d, are great riches”.

5. “cases” here refers to the wooden boxes into which apples were put into in the orchard for transport and for storage and, before the advent of cardboard cartons, was the container in which apples were packed for selling in the local wholesale, interstate and export markets. The standard “case” used in southern Victorian orchards was known as a “dump” or a “dump case” and had a capacity of one bushel or about 40 pounds of apples (18.2 kilograms). The dump case is not to be confused with the kero case, which was also used for transporting and storing fruit but not for marketing. A kero case held about 50 pounds of apples (about 23kg).

6. The Peninsula Post, Wednesday April 8, 1953

I was born in Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital on 5/10/1942 and lived at the corner of Baynes and Beaulieu Rd (now Simpson St) for 23 years.

Shoreham Rd was a gravel road from Pt Leo Rd intersection to Hastings-FlindersRd at Shoreham. Pt Leo Rdwasalso a gravel track. The bitumen road into Red Hill stopped about fifty metres past this intersection on Shoreham Rd as did the electricity supply. The phone lines also stopped at this point.

Most of our supplies came from Dromana (bread, groceries, meat, ice, clothing etc) were all delivered twice a week, order on delivery and get the next delivery. We also got visits every couple of months from hawkers selling a variety of items ranging from medicines,ointments, footwear,clothing, pots and pans and also a tinker who repaired boots,saucepans,sharpened knives and could repair almost anything on the spot.

Our milk, eggs,poultry, fruit and vegetables were all home grown, if you did not have one or the other your neighbour did, so we would swap. Later years when the general store had a better range of supplies, these deliveries slowly disappeared.

We always had a neighbourhood bonfire on Guy Fawkes night,we wouldspend monthscollecting burnable material for the fire. It used to be a big night with lots of fireworks and the occasional stick of gelignite to add an extra bang.

My first year of school was at Red Hill South state school which was at the top of the hill on Pr Leo Rd. The rest of my schooling was at the Red Hill Consolidated School.

For entertainment we had to findsomething to do ourselves whether it wasclimbing trees, riding our bikes, fishing in Stony Creek, trapping or ferreting for rabbits or maybe tea leafing Mrs May's fruit and vegie garden. Corn,peas,tomatoes, plums,nectarines etc always tasted better when you got away with pinching them. Mum often wondered why we weren't hungry sometimes but I think she knew what we had been up to,especially if we had been into the strawberries, raspberries or cherries,the stains on our clothing gave us away.

Until 1952 the train used to come to Red Hill every Monday and we looked forward to holiday Mondays. It meant we could go down to the station and watch the steam train come in. We would help the crew unload the goods they had brought in and load any to go out, we were probably more nuisance than help. After this it was all aboard the engine and back down to the turntable to turn the engine around for its return journey. They would position the engine on the turntable and then let us turn it around. Imagine being allowed to do that nowadays.

As we got older our lifestyle changed, movies were shown in the Red Hill Hall on Wednesday nights, dances on Saturday nights. We were now old enough to have a shotgun,so we spent a lot of time hunting rabbits and foxes, mainly at night with a spotlight. We were never refused entry to a property to hunt,the owners were glad to see us.

The Red Hill Show was another thing,we looked forward to volunteering to help at the show as soon as we were old enough. The Fire Brigade was another way of helping the community aswell as entertaining ourselves,joining up as soon as we turned sixteen and competing in demonstrations in various parts of the state. About this time motor cars came into our lives and we could go further afield forour entertainment, a complete change of lifestyle.

I loved Red Hill the way it was back in the 50's and 60's but that's life, you can't stop progress if that's what you call it. I will always call Red Hill my home.


I am the fifth of seven children of Philip and (Sylvia) Marjorie Cleine (nee Wright) and still reside and work locally. The info re the reunion has been passed on to other family members.

Cousin Sybil (nee Colliver) mentioned in the tennis memoir was indeed Philip’s Niece, her mother being Mavis (Cleine) and I have not seen Sybil for many years.

I do have some important Red Hill Tennis memorabilia which I would be pleased to put in the right hands for the club.

Sadly I have a previous engagement planned and will be away the weekend of March 22nd but I’m sure plenty of interest will be created by this event.

To me, CLEINE’S corner was always the intersection of Mechanics Road and Arthurs Seat Road where Karl and Myrtle Cleine’s Property “Brooklet” (still standing and named Brooklet Farm) was, and with the entrance to what was once the orchard’s packing shed and the original Cleine home further down the hill, leaving the road there in a northerly direction from the corner. On the other side of the entrance drive is part of what was in my youth Rowland’s orchard next to where Shirley Coolstore (Holland’s) once stood.

Interestingly in my real estate endeavors I have three Red Hill properties on the market once owned by relatives. Two were once owned by the Colliver family, one in Beaulieu Road that I was last in in the 1960’s, the other a home they built when retiring from orcharding on Red Hill Road.
The other property is a lovely cottage built for Mrs Berta Wright (my aunt on Mother’s side) on Arthurs Seat Road. Haven’t I seen some changes in the district in sixty plus years????

HILARY MILLER. I am Hilary (nee Cleine), fourth child of Marj and Phip, about whom you have heard from brother Howard and sister Diana. Clearly we were all blessed, or possibly cursed with our parents’ great love of both reading and writing. I've spent a couple of unplanned hours reading all your history. Marj was a prolific writer and among other things wrote the local news columns for various local papers for many, many years. Phip was partly instrumental in getting the Red Hill Library established. Prior to that little building near the Red Hill Show Grounds being built, we were piled into the back of the truck for the trip to the Rosebud library. We would read all the way home.
The names Mr and Mrs D. Ponter were mentioned somewhere. This was Dermot (Ted) and Janet, I think, who ran the Red Hill Store next to Pittock’s Garage in the 1950's. They had 3 children, Jean, John and Graeme. Ted loved helping himself to the lollies whenever a child purchased some.
I spent many happy years playing with my cousins Ian, Kay and Sybil Colliver when they came to visit Grandma (Myrtle) on Saturday mornings. We roamed through the property "Brooklet" with no thought of the wilderness it must have been when Charlie and Elizabeth (McIlroy) Cleine built their home down the hill near the old well. Dad's father Karl, one of eleven children I believe, told Dad that he remembered aboriginal people still living along the creeks in those days.


SPACE FILLER - GRAEME SAUNDERS. (PAGE 19.) Relics of the rails used to ensure that heavily laden bullock drays did not destroy the tracks over Arthurs Seat could still be seen after the consolidated school opened. The rails went straight up the hill from the pier and then veered to the right. There were wide grooves on the timber in which the dray wheels ran.
From Graeme’s description, the railway followed today’s Pier St and veered right into today’s Jetty Rd, crossing Boundary Rd into Hillview Quarry Rd (the start of Bryan’s Cutting track which ran through the Town Common adjoining the east boundary of Gracefield.) To emerge from the south end of Eaton’s Cutting road while maintaining a reasonable straight line with a reasonable gradient, the railway must have cut south east through Robert Caldwell’s “Dromana Hill” (later “Fairy Vineyard, more recently the quarry south of Jackson Way) and passing the north side of the future O.T. dam, linked up with Eaton’s Cutting road near Holmes Rd. DO ANY REMAINS OF THE RAILWAY STILL EXIST???

SPACE FILLER – GRAEME SAUNDERS.(PAGE 21.) Graeme Saunders lived at the bottom of Callanans Rd. He and his mates used to have a ride home from school on the open railway trucks as shown on page 17. It only took a couple of boys to push one to get it going and the downward gradient towards Merricks did the rest. They’d just apply the brake when they reached each of the boy’s houses. There was a cutting along the line and timber used to be loaded into the trucks from its top. They tried their little trick with a truck heavily laden with timber but they couldn’t stop it and jumped for their lives. Apparently the truck crossed the road near Merricks Station at breakneck speed and rolled when reaching a curve soon after, providing the Misses Cole with a welcome delivery of firewood.
Graeme told me the turntable was on the Merricks side of the Red Hill Station and that it could be turned by hand by a couple of boys. While unsuccessfully trying to locate the turntable on the Balnarring parish map, I noticed land (c/a89C) that had been granted to A.C.B.Noel on 15-1-1932. It had frontages of 734 metres to the south side of Pt Leo Rd and 339 metres to the east side of Baynes Rd. Consisting of 49 acres 3 roods 37 perches, it had been purchased by the crown under the Closer Settlement Act, having been part of Joseph Simpson’s* grant. (*See DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY.)

Graeme told me that blind Mr Rudduck (Bullfrog) was the commissioner for scouts in the area and at the opening of the Guide hall at Rosebud he was presented to Prince Phillip and Lord Baden Powell. Trove has proved that Ernie Rudduck was indeed Commissioner for Mornington Peninsula County for over a decade until at least 1949, but no proof of the opening or Ernie’s blindness has been found. Colin McLear confirms that Ernie was known as Bullfrog but doesn’t mention any blindness. I wonder if Ernie and Graeme’s father were doing a Wong/Peatey type leg-pull on little Graeme, who was amazed that a blind man was game to drive Mr Saunders’ car.


12 comment(s), latest 3 years ago


· Information about the:

o History of Mickleham Road, including its date of construction / historical uses.

o Trees in Mickleham Road, Mickleham (in particular between Bardwell Drive and Donnybrook Road), including details of the planting of the trees in this area, and those in the Avenue of Honour.

· Copies of any historical maps, surveys or photos of the road / the trees in the area.

Since I started this journal, I have been looking for a proclamation of a government road that had to be Mickleham Rd. It was discovered by chance about three years ago and I have not been able to find it again. Last night I discovered in my DHOTAMA that, in 1860, John McKerchar and John Lavars had donated land that became the stretch of Somerton Rd between their farms. I also found two government advertisements for leases of land north of Swain St and Dench's Lane concerning section 2 of the parish of Yuroke and leases from the Crown. It seems obvious that the reserve for Mickleham Rd, at least through section 2, had been established between the dates of the two advertisements.
22. Bourke, 731, Seven hundred and thirty-one acres, parish of Yuroke, portion No. 2 ;bounded on the south by the parish boundary line; on the east by portion No. 3; on the north by portion No. 9 ; and on the west by portion No. 1.(P.1, The Melbourne Argus,2-6-1846.)

21 Bourke. Three hundred and forty-four acres three roods, parish of Yuroke, section No 2, portion C; Upset price £1 per acre.(P.4,Geelong Advertiser, 3-6-1848.)

The parish boundary line was the line of Swain St,with the parish of Will Will Rook to the south, and section 1 was the timber reserve (through which Providence Rd runs diagonally to Somerton Rd) between Section Rd and Woodlands to the west.

Google YUROKE, COUNTY OF BOURKE,select the first result,click VIEW and scroll down to the bottom left hand corner. "11" means section 2 of the parish of Bulla,"Woodlands". To the right is section 1, the Timber Reserve, and to the right of that is 2C running east to a crown allotment boundary with a dotted line either side of it. This would indicate that the road was reserved after the initial survey. There is no indication of such a road in the 1846 advertisement.

The 731 acres mentioned in 1846 was comprised of 2C (345.75 acres) and 2D (376.5 acres)and 88 X 1 chain (8.8 acres) being the area taken between Swain St and Somerton Rd for Mickleham Rd. You will notice that there is no indication of Somerton Rd west of Mickleham Rd; as stated above,in 1860, John Lavars and John McKerchar gave the land between 2C and Greenan/Greenvale with Timber Reserve land also being used south of Greenvale.

Heading north,you will notice that Mickleham Rd continues as a one chain (wide)road until it reaches Dunhelen Lane (Melway 385 K11) from where it becomes a three chain road,indicating its status as a HIGHWAY.

The fact that land was acquired for Mickleham Rd after survey does not mean that the route was not used by Sydney-bound travellers before circa 1848. The Brodies and Captain Pearson would have had shepherds and boundary riders rather than fences to stop their sheep from straying, and travellers could take whichever route they liked, probably following the ruts of an early dray whose bullocky avoided rocky or boggy ground,which could explain the several bends in Mickleham Rd today.The bend at Melway 178K 1/2 would have been to detour around fencing near the Dunhelen head station just to the north where the heritage-listed homestead and stables remain.

It seems likely that the main focus of the request for information that Elayne Whatman forwarded to me was concerned with the roadside trees. I'd spent hours looking for an article on trove about them and only found a request from Mickleham residents to fence off part of Mickleham Rd in 1918 for a memorial using rocks. Having now almost finished the journal, it was time to resume my search for information about the Avenue of Honour.

I decided to bypass trove in the hope that the fabulous CRAIGIEBURN HISTORICAL INTEREST GROUP, whose articles about Parnell's Inn and the Methodist Cemetery have already been included, might have mentioned the Mickleham Avenue of Honour. They had!

The Mickleham Avenue of Honour

"Lest We Forget"

The 2.6 kilometer Mickleham Avenue of Honour is a historically, significant landscape, located in Mickleham Rd, Mickleham, Victoria and was originally planted by schoolchildren in the early 1900's as part of Arbour Day activities to commemorate men and women who served in World War 1. It is the longest avenue of mature eucalyptus in the City of Hume, Victoria and gives an unmistakable and powerful Australian character to Mickleham.

Originally the avenue of River Red and Sugar Gums was planted as part of Arbour Day and wooden plaques honouring people named on the Mickleham War memorial were also placed under the trees in the Avenue of Honour but have long since disappeared. Some of the trees in the Avenue of Honour had become structurally unsound due to old age and required pruning and some others needed to be removed.

On the 24th of April, 2002 as part of a commemorative planting day leading up to Anzac Day, 61 River Red Gums were planted by, school children, teachers and parents from the Mickleham Primary School, veterans from the Second World War and families of those honoured on the Mickleham War Memorial. The trees that had been removed were replaced and commemorative bronze service plaques were also installed, to honour those men and women who were listed on Mickleham's War Memorial.

Some interesting historical information on the Mickleham Avenue of Honour

Frank Cocking of Mickleham, as a school child, helped to plant the Avenue north of Mt. Ridley Road on Arbour Day in 1916. Frank named his tree after an Army General. By that stage the Avenue was already planted and well established south of Mt. Ridley Road. Originally the trees in the Avenue had guards to protect them from stock damage, as Mickleham Road was part of a stock route to the Newmarket sale yards.

Mrs. Mary Clancy of Kennington, Frank Cocking's sister, also helped to plant the trees along the avenue as a child. The children each gave their special tree a name of choice and Mrs Clancy name her tree Princess Mary. There were wooden plaques under the tree painted with the names that the children chose.

In the 1980's the wooden signs under the trees had begun to disintegrate. A local Mickleham resident gathered them up in order to ensure they were protected from further damage. This resident has since been deceased, and the local residents family sold the property and the wooden plaques were subsequently lost.

The following lists in order the 43 individual plaques and the inscription on each plaque.

The plaques commence from the first tree south of the Mickleham War Memorial, heading south, on the east side of the road on (the same side as Mickleham Primary School). The order was shuffled to ensure that veterans and their families who came to plant a tree on the 25th of April could do so for themselves or their family member. Hence some WW2 plaques are amongst the WW1 plaques to allow for a newly planted tree.

1.4164 - Private Rupert Francis Chambers 8th Battalion served in WW1

2. 169 - Private Henry Coates 3rd Pioneer Battalion A. I. F. Served in WW1

3. 4760 - Private Frederick John Cocking 5th Pioneer Battalion A. I. F served in WW1 † died in action 26.11.1916 "in the field" France.

4. VX18809 - Sergeant Major George Hubert Cocking 2/2 field Regiment served in WW2 in Palestine, Egypt, Greece, Ceylon and New Guinea.

5. 109 - Trooper William James Hall 4th Australian Light Horse served in WW1 † Died in action 14.11.1915 Turkey, Aged 22.

6. A. Henderson Served in WW1

7. P. Johnson Served in WW1

8. 136 - Lance Corporal Percival Charles William Langford 4th Light Horse Regiment Served in WW1

9. 2005A - Driver William John Pepper 11th Field Artillery Brigade Served in WW1

10. B. Roberts Served in WW1

11. W. Saunders Served in WW1

12. 1405 - Gunner Bernard Schroeder 14th Battlion A. I. F. Served in WW1 † Died of wounds received in action, 14.8.1916 in France.

13. H. Sutton Served in WW1

14. E. Talent Served in WW1

15. H. Vincent Served in WW1

16. Albert Williams Served in WW1

17. 729 - Lance Corporal Leslie Norman Williams 8th Btn, Australian Infantry, A. I. F. Served in WW1 † died in action 20.9.1917 Aged 22.

18. William (Bill) Williams Served in WW1

19. 286 - Corporal John Thomas Williams 22nd Battalion Served in WW1

20. VX138988 Mechanic Craftsman Gr 2 Edward Thomas Williams 3rd Motor Brigade Headquarters 285 Light Aid Detachment Served in WW2 in Australia.

21. VX744 - Lance Bombardier John Edward Beasley 2/2 Field Regiment Served in WW2 † Died of injuries 2.4.1942 Gun shot wound accidentally received.

22. VX54325 - Private Andrew Mitchell Beveridge Australian Army Medical Corps Served in WW2

23. V315242 - Private Denis Patrick Bourke 39th Australian Works Company Served in WW1

24. VX117995 - Corporal Ernest John Bourke 5th Battalion Served in WW2

25. VF345897 - Corporal Ellen Sarah Bourke Australian Women's Army Service Served in WW2

26. Miss Irene Bourke Served in WW2

27. William Bourke Served in WW2

28. 120203 - Corporal Don Brown 10 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force Served in WW2 in England

29. 23132 - Yeoman of Signals Kenneth Tom Brown Royal Australian Air Force Served in WW2

30. VF515985 - Private Nancye Brown Australian Women's Army Service Served in WW2 in Australia

31. VX100432 - Gunner Thomas Francis Curley 112th Australian Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment Served in WW2 in Darwin

32. Captain F. Code Served in WW1

33. VX128081 - Sergeant Laurence Walton Davis Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit Served in WW2

34. VX119616 - Sergeant Neil Watson Davis 102 Australian Composite Anti Aircraft Regiment Service Served in WW2

35. VX57551 - Bdr George Morris Loyd 24th Battery, 2/12 Field Regiment, 9th Division Served in WW2, in the Middle East, New Guinea and Borneo (AUTHOR OF MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952!)

36. VX57550 - Gunner Sydney Evans Loyd 24th Battery, 2/12 Field Regiment, 9th Division Served in WW2, in the Middle East, New Guinea and Borneo

37. VX57549 - Sergeant William John Loyd 23rd Battery, 2/12 Field Regiment, 9th Division Served in WW2, in the Middle East, New Guinea and Borneo

38. 12889 - Corporal Ronald Lionel Gibson Royal Australian Air Force Served in WW2

39. VX6517 - Sergeant Major Llewlyn Clarke Saunders 2nd 8th Battalion, 6th Division Served in WW2

40. Corporal Robert George Troutbeck New Zealand Army Served in WW2 Captured as a Prisoner of War in Greece

41. VX57338 - Private Philip Maxwell Uren 2/24 Battalion Served in WW2 † Died in action

42. VX56857 - Corporal Kenneth Mariott Webster 2/8th Australian Armoured Regiment Served in WW2

43. VX106223 - Trooper Philip Leslie Webster 8th Light Horse, 8th Australian Cavalry Regiment Served in WW2


CRlNNION. - On the 17th September, at Mount St.Erin's, Patrick, 3rd eldest son of the late Thomas and Mary Ann Crinnion, of Crow's Hill, Mickleham, brother of Michael, Thomas, George, Mrs.D. Branigan, Mrs. J. Langtry, Ellen, late James and Andrew. R.I.P. (Interred privately, Bulla Cemetery, l8th inst.)
(P.17,Argus, 20-9-1919.)


The road now runs north from Tullamarine Junction (later called Green's Corner after Cec and Lily Green, used the closed Junction hotel as a garage and store)and crosses the creek on the course of Hackett St,the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, which was never constructed until,I think,the early 1970's. The Orrs' Kia-Ora went east to Ardlie St, including some township land on which the homestead was built. The homestead later became the office of a caravan park. (This homestead is wrongly called the Willowbank homestead in a City of Hume heritage Study.)

Mickleham Rd originally ran north from the end of Ardlie St and, because the route of the Hume Highway was an absolute bog between Campbellfield and Somerton, was part of two of the three early routes to Sydney,the other being along High St through "The Plenty", all routes meeting near Wallan. The original route suggested was past the Young Queen Inn at Pascoeville (Melway 16 J 8 near Bass St),turning left near Johnstone St to Ardlie St and up the hill to meet the road to Mickleham.

In 1854 a timber bridge was built to join the two ends of Ardlie St and travellers from the west could travel to near the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Tullamarine before accessing the bridge via Turner St or Tylden Place in the township. (The Junction hotel could not be used as a landmark because it was not built till about 1870.) From whichever direction travellers entered the township, the Broady and Victoria (the latter a bit farther up the Ardlie St hill)would have done good business,especially during the rush to the Mcivor diggings near Heathcote. For those who imbibed too freely,there was a bluestone lockup across Ardlie St.See historical plaques on the Broadmeadows Hotel,the lockup and, while you're at it, the 1869 Bluestone bridge (which is NOT on the site of the timber bridge) and,I think,the old Shire Office,which served until 1928. SOME OF THE PLACES IN BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP WITH HERITAGE OVERLAYS ARE LISTED BELOW.
HO6 Bridge over Moonee Ponds Creek Fawkner Street, , Westmeadows
HO7 Bluestone Police Lock-up 23 Ardlie Street (adjacent to Westmeadows Pre School, Westmeadows
HO371 Westmeadows Tavern 4 – 12 Ardlie Street, Westmeadows
HO372 Recreation Reserve 25-31 Ardlie Street, Westmeadows (Goding's Hollow.)
HO373 Former St Anne’s Church 24 – 26 Ardlie Street, Westmeadows
HO374 Broadmeadows District Roads Boards Office/Shire Hall 11 – 17 Ardlie Street, Westmeadows
HO375 Ford (Moonee Ponds Creek) North of Ardlie Street, Westmeadows
HO376 House 10 Broad Street, Westmeadows(The old coach house in which Jack Hoctor was born.)
HO377 House 20 Coghill Street, Westmeadows
HO378 Former Presbyterian Church 24 Coghill Street, Westmeadows
HO380 St Pauls Anglican Church Raleigh Street, Westmeadows (Built in 1850.)

In about 1850 the new Sydney Road was declared. Champ,the superintendent of the Pentridge Stockade used prisoners to improve the road near the prison,but from all accounts construction farther north still lagged for some time. To connect the old Sydney road past the Young Queen to it, Pascoe Vale Rd was constructed north to its present limit where it ran directly into a road heading north east through a government settlement pioneered by such as Samuel Clifford after whom this road was named. (Somerton Rd was still unmade at the time. Cliffords Rd was later cut off by the north eastern railway to Sydney circa 1871.)

This link might have reduced the use of Mickleham Rd to some extent but some reports state that felling of trees along the new route took some time and this was compounded by the destruction of the bridge near William Smith's Young Queen Inn, which was probably the last straw for that landmark, a new Young Queen,later Father O'Hea's residence, at Coburg, having already taken part of its trade.The big advantage of this route,however was avoidance of the steep climbs into and out of Broadmeadows township, the descents being as dangerous as the ascents were difficult.

Mickleham Road started in the parish of Will Wiil Rook at the top of the Ardlie St hill passing through the Dundonald estate of Donald Kennedy, who, with his brother Duncan, had also bought the Glenroy estate from speculators, Hughes and Hosking, through which the southern part of the OLD SYDNEY ROAD passed after crossing through John Pascoe Fawkner's Pascoeville estate before heading west to Broadmeadows Township. The Dundonald estate was leased in farms of about 300 acres,such as Kia ora (which the Orrs probably named after buying it in 1929,when all of the estate was sold), Dundonald of 400 acres, and north of Kenny St,Willowbank (now the Alanbrae Estate)and then Springbank. East of these were Wattle Glen and Annette Farm respectively which were accessed from Elizabeth St in Broadmeadows Township along a track that was used for the main pipe from Greenvale Reservoir.The northern boundary of Will Will Rook is indicated by Swain St and a strip park that was known as Dench's Lane by Carriers such as the Lloyd Brothers. Recently I stumbled across an advertisement placed by Donald Kennedy seeking application for the lease of the Glenalin Estate, which went east from Wattle Glen and Annette Farm to Pascoe Vale Rd. This farm was later owned by John Kerr Jnr., and called variously Glen Allan or Glen Allen, and later by John Twomey before the new shire offices were built on part of it in 1928.

HO240 Dundonald
Woodlands Historic Park, Greenvale

Portion of this article is included here because it mentions properties farther south, such as Gladstone Park and the Johnsons on Cumberland. In geographical order, heading north,HARPSDALE would be mentioned along with properties on the north side of Craigieburn Rd, such as John Johnson's Greenhill and Mt Yuroke/ Crowe's Hill.

If Isaac Batey had been asked where Harpsdale was, his answer would have been Bulla or north of Oaklands Junction. Oaklands Rd, which headed north from just north of the the N-S runway at Melbourne Airport where the Inverness Hotel stood for well over a century,was the easternmost road in the parish of Bulla,the boundary with the parish of Yuroke being a mile farther east. Harpsdale, section 18, was at the north east corner of the parish of Bulla, adjoining the parish of Mickleham in which the owners had also bought land. The parishes of Bolinda and Mickleham adjoined the parish of Bulla, being separated from each other by Deep Creek.

The eastern 200 acres of section 18 became the Dyson-Holland family's Troodos in 1955 under the provisions of the 1936 Closer Settlement Act.To show the vagueness of locality names, Troodos was described as being in Yuroke!

South of Harpsdale was Oaklands* from which Oaklands Rd gained its name, to the west was the Brannigans' St John's Hill and on the south west corner was Warlaby*, so named by Robert McDougall, renowned breeder of the Booth strain of shorthorns, after Major Booth's stud in the old country. Incidentally Robert was described as living in Essendon; this was between his tenures on Cona at Glenroy and Arundel at Tullamarine and he was renting John Aitkens grant, section 8 Doutta Galla, around the northern sweep of the Maribyrnong where it comes closest to Buckley St.
(*Homesteads shown at Melway 385 B9 and 384 J8.)

Harpsdale is not on Mickleham Rd (the driveway to the homestead, Melway 385E 5,6, being 1500 metres to the west) but the article is included here because of the Brodie connection with both Harpsdale and Dunhelen, the Simmie family extending their holdings farther east with the purchase of ("Belmont?")and to explain why it was described as being in the Mickleham district. In about 1990, Jack Simmie showed me the mosaic Brodie Crest set in the tiled floor just inside the front door of the Harpdale homestead. By that time Jack's family had been on Harpsdale for half a century and Jack was involved with the Greenvale Tennis Club where he met his wife who lived on Springfield North (renamed after early Bulla squatter and pioneer near Bundoora/Janefield, John Brock, from whom her father was descended.SOURCE: MERNA GAMBLE.) BROCKLANDS WAS BOUGHT BY AITKEN COLLEGE.

GAMBLE - SIMMIE. - Jean Elizabeth,younger daughter of Mrs. M. Gamble and the late Mr. D. Gamble, of Brock-
lands. Greenvale, to John Ernest, only son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Simmie. Harpsdale, Yuroke.
(P.8, Argus, 2-9-1947.)

SITUATED close to Melbourne by road and rail, the Mickleham district enjoys facilities that are denied localities farther distant from the markets and shipping point. The soil and climate are admirably adapted for diversified farming,which, in the field of general agriculture,is usually the keynote of success. The
country lying north-west from Melbourne in which Mickleham is situated, has been occupied since the early days of settlement.

It is well watered and grassed, and for many years it has been devoted to mixed farming, which was encouraged in the first instance by the subdivision of the larger estates, and later by the more stringent economic conditions which imposed upon landowners the necessity of increasing the efficiency of their holdings. The principal industries are dairying and fattening sheep and lambs, both of which, assisted by near-at-hand markets and low transportation costs, are profitable. Various crops are cultivated to supplement the pastures at certain seasons, and during the last three years wheatgrowing, which was formerly largely practised, has made pronounced headway, and appears likely to assume extended proportions.

The friable loams which constitute the bulk of the soils absorb moisture and retain it with great obstinacy. They are rich in plant food (active and inactive), and, as has been proved, they are not readily exhausted. The average annual rainfall is 25 inches, which is well distributed over the 12 months, and frequent summer showers have a revivifying effect on crops and pastures. Last year, when only 15 inches fell, was abnormally dry, but it rained every month. There was a good sole of feed in the grazing areas, crops yielded satisfactorily, and the only inconvenience suffered was a shortage of water for the stock. Following the heavy rains in January, which totalled 33 inches, and those in February, which amounted to over 41 inches, there has been a profuse growth in the pastures; autumn fodder crops are luxuriant, and water storages have been replenished to overflowing. The outlook is all that could be desired, and landowners are jubilant.
One of the oldest properties in the Mickleham district is Harpsdale, which is 18 miles by road from the General Post-office,and three miles from Craigieburn, a railway station within the suburban radius. It was originally owned by Mr. G. S. Brodie at one time Government auctioneer, who also controlled Dunhelen, The Five Mile,
and Helensville near Sunbury. He bequeathed it to his son, Mr. David Brodie,who resided on it for over 30 years, but subsequently leased it and retired to Melbourne. He rented The Five Mile from his sister, Miss Helen Brodie, and Helensville, from another sister, Mrs. Scott, who inherited these properties under their father's will. On the death of Mr. David Brodie, Harpsdale was sold to Mr. R. S.Anderson, who disposed of it to Mr. John
Mills, the well-known breeder of Clydesdale horses. It was carried on by him as a stud farm for about five years, after which it came into the possession of Mr. A. C.Wilson, who, during his four years of ownership, effected a number of useful improvements, including a bore from which an assured water supply is drawn. The
next owner was Mr. J. Ferguson, from whom Harpsdale was acquired by the Dunvegan Pastoral Company 12 months ago.

Situated on an elevation the homestead, a substantial stone and brick structure to which are attached numerous outbuildings, and a very fine stable, commands a comprehensive panoramic new. Looking south,Melbourne and Hobson's Bay, with Mount Martha in the distance, stand out in bold relief. The Dandenong Range in the south
west, the Plenty Range in the north-east, the You Yangs and the Anakies in the south-west, and the Brisbane Range in the west, catch the eye, while Mount Macedon and Mount William form the background in the north-west and north respectively. On a clear day many other prominent landmarks can be defined in a scene of rural
beauty that is unexcelled anywhere in Victoria. Included in the estates contiguous to Harpsdale are Dunhelen (Mr.P. Irvine), Tulloch (Mr. R. A. Kett), Dunalister (Mr. W. D. Peter), Woodlands (Mr.B. Chaffey), Cumberland (Mr. J. Johnson),Glenara (Mr. A. CJark), and Gladstone Park, owned by the entailed estate of (THE COUSIN OF) Mr.William Ewart Gladstone, the great English statesman. There are in addition many smaller properties, the appearance of which attests to the prosperity of the district.etc. (P.44,The Australasian, 24-3-1928.)

The parish of Yuroke was north of the line of Swain St and east of a line a mile east of Oaklands Rd. Unfortunately, I cannot at the moment access the online Yuroke parish map,so I'll have to rely on memory.
(All parish maps near Mickleham Rd can be accessed by googling the name of the parish, then County of Bourke, e.g. yuroke, county of bourke. Tullamarine and Will Wiil Rook are north of a line joining Sharps Rd, Tullamarine and Boundary Rd, Glenroy and respectively west/south and east/north of the Moonee Ponds Creek.

The south western section of the parish of Yuroke was a square mile adjoining Woodlands that was not alienated because it was declared a timber reserve. In its south east corner (Melway 178 F11)today is the Weeroona Koorie Cemetery and from this section's eastern boundary,Section Rd, Providence Lane heads north west to Somerton Rd. The Greenvale Sanitorium later occupied the majority portion south west of Providence Lane. All other crown allotments fronting Somerton Rd,apart from section 6 at Somerton (bisected by Cliffords Rd)and Cameron's "Stony Fields" (Roxburgh Park) were about half a square mile (half mile frontage and and a mile deep.)

Machell's grant was bounded by Swain St, Section Rd,Somerton Rd and Mickleham Rd and the Pattinson brothers had the half mile frontage across Mickleham Rd (to a point just east of the Fleetwood Drive corner. The Pattinsons divided their grant laterally into two 180 acre farms. In the 1900's Hughie Williamson bought the northern half and his children attended State School 890 Greenvale at the north east corner of the aforementioned timber reserve (which causes the dog leg in Section Rd.) Eventually the Williamson family sold "Dunvegan" and a new Greenvale Primary School 890 was built among the new houses being built there. The farm between Dunvegan and Dench's Lane was occupied by a farmer named Bob Jefferies sometime after 1920 according to George Lloyd.

Farms at the north west and north east corners were Donald McKerchar's "Greenan" (which adjoined John Mckerchar's "Greenvale" opposite the school) and "Springfield". The northern half,Springfield North,was renamed after John Brock by the Gambles and Wal French ran a dairy on the southern half. The Trotmans earlier had all of Springfield and Glenarthur to the east, which today is covered by the western half of the Greenvale reservoir.

Greenvale Primary School provided me with a copy of the school's history at both locations (Section Rd, now a church,and on Dunvegan.)

A short history of Greenvale and Williamson memories from the school history.
The essay “History of Greenvale” was written by Rose Hanigan, age 11 years and 2 months for a competition at
the Bulla Horticultural Show, April 25th 1910. Prizes were presented by Mr Melbourne Dean and judged by the
Editor of the “Essendon Gazette”. Rose was award First Prize.
Greenvale is an agricultural district situated 14 miles northeast of Melbourne. It was originally called
Yuroke, but the name was changed to Greenvale in 1868. It is one of the earliest settled districts of the
The pioneers of the district were:- Mr D Cameron who settled at “Gellibrand”; Mr Coghill at
“Cumberland” and Captain Greene of “Woodlands”.
The northeast portion of the district was owned by Captain Person of “Wheatlands”.
These pioneers settled in the early forties. Mr J Coghill, the son of the owner of “Cumberland”,
established a “boiling down” works at “Glenara”, now owned by Mr V Clark.
“Woodlands” after the death of Captain Greene, was carried on under management of his son Mr
Rawdon Greene, and was a model farm. The first reaping machine and the first mechanical conveyance
for loading hay in the field were employed on this property.
For many years, Church of England service was held at “Woodlands” and the first Sunday School was
held there, the teachers being Mr Stawell and Miss Greene who were afterwards Sir William and Lady
On the discovery of gold, there was increase demand for farm produce induced many people to settle on
the land.
Captain Pearson of “Wheatlands”, cut up part of his estate into farms which soon found purchasers and
all the unoccupied Crown Land was soon settled upon. The price obtained for hay in those times (1852-
1858) was up to 15 pound a ton.
Among the other early settlers were Messrs J and D McKercher, Mr G McLean, Mrs J Lavars, Messrs D
and P McArthur (who resided at “Glenarthur”), Mr R Shankland, Mr G S Brodie (of “Dunhelen”),
Messrs C and D Bradshaw, Mr Musgrove (father of Mr J Musgrove, of the implement works), Mrs Mary
Daniel of “Narbonne” (grandmother of Mr F and Mr H H Daniel), and many others.
Of these early settlers very few remain, but we still have with us Mesdames J and D McKercher, Mrs
Michle and Mrs Lavars. The latter lady is indeed the oldest identity of the district. She was tenant of
“Gellibrand” in 1848 and in 1856 leased the farm, now occupied by Mr Trotman, from Captain Pearson.
On sale of this farm, she went to live at her present property and has resided there ever since.
In the year 1868, a school was erected by public subscription and the school and post office were opened
in March of that year. The name “Green Vale” was given to the school and post office by the first teacher
who called it after Mr J Mckercher’s farm which was also “Green Vale”. In 1872 the late Mr J Lavars erected
the hotel which is currently being carried on by his widow.

Except for the removal of old settlers by death and migration, the district has changed little. Hay mowing
and dairying are still the principal industries. The beautiful timber reserve known as the Back Section famous as a picnic reserve has been removed by the Government and a portion of it is now a Consumptive Sanatorium where about 100 people are being treated for this dreadful disease.

Extracts of “Going to school yester year” by Gordon Williamson.
The Williamson family represented 3 generations or 50 years connection with the school. I spent 18 years
as a committee member, my father spent 29 years. I remember starting school in 1936 by walking to
school 1 mile with my brother and sister, rain, hail or shine. Some families walked up to 5 miles “as the
crow flies” to get to school. When I started school there were horse yards to tether horses while at
school. The older boys at school were let out 5 minutes before so they could saddle up the horses for the
My teachers were Mr Sprake and Mr Swan who used to push a bike from Broadmeadows railway
station everyday, morning and night, 7 mile each way. At school there were 24 students from grade 1 to
grade 8, one teacher, and a sewing mistress just in the afternoons.
In those days at school we had no electricity or telephone, but we did have open fires to warm the
school. For lighting arrangements we had kerosene lamps to see when it was a little dark. The school
had board floors, no carpets.
School was used as a social meeting place such as dances, concerts, card nights, kitchen teas, and
farewell parties because there were no other halls or buildings to have these functions in. Next door to
the school there was a post office, store and a telephone exchange.
We started the week at school with the flag raising, saluting the flag and singing “God save the Queen”.
Each morning following we would do the “weather chart”. Some of our classes consisted of arithmetic,
tables off by heart, spelling, reading, writing plus geography, history, nature study (walks) composition.
If we were naughty we were either given the strap or lines to write at home, same in small grade 1
where I sat in the corner when naughty. Some of our sporting material was a football stuffed with paper,
cricket was with an old tennis ball with a bat made out of a piece of wood by one of the children’s dad.
As it was war time and it was hard to buy any sporting equipment.
Our roads to the school were gravel and muddy in the winter time. Mickleham road was cobblestone.
Mickleham road was known then as Old Sydney road. 2 mile north was stop 1 for Cobb & Co coaches,
for the changing of horses and drivers. The Blue stone stable house is still there today (1993).
In 1956 Mickleham Road, Somerton Road and Pascoe Vale Roads were used as the Olympic bike track.
The roads were sealed as bitumen roads for that event. Before this they were very rough dirt roads.
It was a long way to go shopping as people went by horse and buggy to North Essendon or Puckle
Street once a fortnight or month. Men folk would drop families to shop and they would travel on to
Newmarket yards to see and buy stock (cattle, sheep, and horses).
Newmarket saleyards were one of the largest cattle markets in the world. Greenvale area was farming,
dairy, sheep, pigs and beef. I myself came off a dairy farm on which this school is now situated (current
Greenvale primary school in Bradford Avenue). We milked cows, grew crops etc. The farm was worked
with draught horses. I left school in grade 8 and went home to work on the farm with my dad. I draw a 6
horse team ploughing paddocks to grow crops to feed the stock. As time went on we had the power
(electricity) put on in Greenvale plus telephones to homes. This all happened around 1950. Instead of
manual, the Telephone Exchange became automatic.
As the years went by the school bus started to take children into Essendon to high school and tech
school. Then there were buses to take workers into Melbourne. Prior to this people worked at home or
boarded in Melbourne. I then married and lived in Greenvale and my children started to go to
Greenvale State School. 2 members were dux of the school. That was Gayle in 1970 and Lynda in 1976.
My son Craig holds records in the combined school sports for running and jumping. These sports were
held between West Meadows, Tullamarine, Bulla, Mickleham, Craigieburn, Kalkallo and Greenvale.
They were held once a year at different locations.
The last member of the Williamson family left Greenvale School in 1976.

Knowing of the early subdivision of this grant,I had assumed that Machell was a land speculator rather than agenuine pioneer but he seems to have been living there and even gave his farm a name.

A WHITE Horse, without brand,(clat?) fore feet, shoes on all round, and hobbles on,is now running in the undersigned paddock. The owner can have him by paying expenses to Messrs Machell, Mozergh, Yuroke near Gellibrand's Hill. (P.7,Argus, 23-3-1852.)

Keith Brown of Canberra is the author of the two books about the Johnson family held at the the historic Woodlands Homestead. His wife, Evelyn,is a Johnson descendant. Since this journal resulted from a request to the Broadmeadows Historical Society for information,it is ironic that my knowledge about the Johnson family came about because the late Jim Hume referred Keith's request for information about Peter Robertson of Gellibrand Cottage to me. In 1999, I was researching my EARLY LANDOWNERS (DOUTTA GALLA, TULLAMARINE) at the Titles Office and changed tack to record transactions related to the Machell grant. If I don't happen to give a source for any statement that I make, such as John Johnson of Greenhills having previously owned 40 acres between Swain St and Providence Lane,you can bet your bottom dollar that there is one.

23-2-1863. William Johnson married Wilhelmina Robertson at Gellibrand Cottage in the parish of Yuroke, the home of Wilhelmina’s parents, Peter and Henrietta Robertson. In the same ceremony,Wilhelmina’s older sister, Margaret, married Donald McKerchar, widower (of Colina) of “Springfield”. Donald renamed his property “Greenan”in honour of his wife’s birthplace in Scotland. (This was his 302 ¾ acre grant, lot P of section 9, across Mickleham Rd from Springfield.) A third sister, Henrietta Robertson, married Donald McNab in 1855.
Donald and Margaret’s only daughter, Henrietta (or Etty, who was only a week old when Donald died in 1869) was for many years the postmistress at Greenvale. She did not marry and died in 1944 of drowning (in a dam on the property. Was this Greenan or Springfield North?)
Gellibrand Cottage (must have been reasonably close to Gellibrand Hill) as in 1861 an attempt was made to establish a toll gate and it was resolved to offer Mr Robertson of Gellibrand Hill 8 pounds to ascertain the traffic on the road and to call for tenders for the erection of a toll house and gate on the Broadmeadows Road opposite Mr Robertson’s house. The Robertsons arrived from Scotland about 1853-4.The Johnson family arrived from Huntingdonshire in 1852 and John Johnson worked in Moonee Ponds for Peter McCracken.
(Peter McCracken was on Stewarton,the part of Gladstone Park north of the Lackenheath Dr. corner, from 1846 to 1855. It was probably here that John worked for him.(A.D.Pyke,the author of THE GOLD THE BLUE, a history of Lowther Hall School,thought the 777 acre farm was in the suburb of Moonee Ponds, but in early days the term meant near the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds!)
John Johnson’s son, William, purchased land at Drummond in 1856 as did Peter and Robert McCracken. John went to manage this property and in 1861, John and William bought the McCracken land. William became a prosperous Drummond/Malmsbury identity. His son, John, purchased “Glendewar” at Tullamarine in about 1906 and retained it until his death in 1948. From about 1919 to 1934, John Johnson leased, and the family lived on,“Cumberland” adjacent to Glendewar.
After W.W.1, Reg Poole renamed Greenhill as Lancedene. (Jack Simmie of Harpsdale.)
Was John Johnston the father of William Johnson? His surname seems to have been consistently written with the T, but that does not necessarily mean it was right. It is a strange coincidence that Reg.Poole took over the Johnston grant and Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole.

The land east of Section Rd, Greenvale, allotment C of section 2, was granted to Leonard James and George Wolfenden Muchell (sic) in 1843. This was subdivided and sold to Messrs Lavars, Bond, Salisbury, Johnson, Davidson, and in 1854, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7. Part of lot 6 became the church site in Providence Lane. (Greenvale: Links with the Past by Annette Davis* found in the Bulla file at the Sam Merrifield Library, Moonee Ponds.) *Annette was the wife of former Bombers champ,Barry Davis,when she wrote it. Reprints give a different surname.

Notice that one of the above buyers was Mr Johnson. I wonder if this was John Johnson who had been working for Peter McCracken at Stewarton two miles to the south. There is no mention of a Peter or Henrietta Robertson in the 1863 ratebook despite the fact that they were living in a house near Gellibrand Hill on the 23rd of February in that year. Neither does the surname Johnson appear. Was John Johnston’s house (N.A.V.9 pounds) or farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds and therefore about 40 acres) where Peter and Henrietta Robertson were living without paying the rates? As Henrietta was 72 and Peter 66, it is possible that they were guests of a 56 year old Johns(t)on. It is not possible to determine where Johns(t)on’s house and small farm were but it is likely that they were between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd.

An inspiration has rendered Peter visible and perhaps established a link with D.Robertson of Chester Hill/Barbiston. The last time I perused the list of founders of Bulla Presbyterian Church (about six years ago), a name struck me as one I’d never heard of. The list includes P.Robertson and D.Robertson. (P.58, Bulla Bulla, I.W.Symonds.)

THE GREENVALE CONNECTION. (Robertson, Johnson, McKerchar, McNab.)
As you have stated, Peter and Henrietta lived on Broadmeadows (Mickleham) Rd near Gellibrand Hill. A Mr Johnson bought a subdivision block on Machell’s grant in the early 1850’s just north of the hill and perhaps built Gellibrand Cottage. Donald McKerchar owned Greenan just across Somerton Rd from Machell’s grant. In 1863, Angus and Duncan McNab were leasing a fair slab of the Dunhelen Estate from G.S.Brodie. They were leasing a farm (N.A.V. 113 pounds so probably 250-300 acres) as was Samuel Hatty whose entry comes between those of the McNabs and Donald McKerchar. Hatty also had the 100 acres between Sherwood (Oaklands Hunt Club) and Ballater Park so it is likely that his two farms adjoined. On this basis, I would presume that Hatty and the McNabs were on the part of Dunhelen west of Mickleham Rd that later became Thomas G. Hall’s Kentucky and was between Greenvale/ Greenan and Dunhelen Lane. This supposition is confirmed by the Broadmeadows directory of 1868 which lists:
Angus McNab, farmer, Euroke and
Duncan McNab, farmer, Green Gully.
Green Gully was where Somerton Rd crossed the start of the Moonee Ponds Creek just east of Woodlands.
The following was supplied by Keith McNab. The children of Angus McNab and Mary were:
Janet or Jessie, born 1816 and married E. Robertson.
John, born 1818, married Mary Grant, established Oakbank.
Donald, born 1820, married H.Robertson.
Duncan, born 1822, married M.McPherson, established Victoria Bank.
Mary, born 1824, married John Grant.
Christina, born 1826, died at 17.
Catherine, born 1828, married John McKerchar.
Finlay, born 1830, married A.Stewart.
Angus, born 1832, married R.McIntosh.

The above confirms that Helena Robertson married Donald McNab but also shows another possible connection with Peter Robertson’s siblings or children. Is this why D.Robertson was farming Barbiston just across McNabs Rd from Oaklands and the original Victoria Bank?
The Macintosh family was farming Peter Young’s old “Nairn”, across Oaklands Rd from Dunalister (now Balbethan) in 1868 and this is probably why the McNabs bought land just to the west, across St Johns Lane, later on when Walter Clark’s Glenara Estate was subdivided.

Dear Keith,
As I mentioned on the phone, I’ve been to the titles office and while I’ve found nothing relating to Peter Robertson in the parish of Yuroke (and need to look up the many other Peter Robertsons), I’ve found the exact land owned by John Johnson near Gellibrand Hill.

Leonard James Machell and George Wolfenden Machell sold portions of their grant, allotment C of section 2, parish of Yuroke to:
Her Majesty the Queen (Volume L folio 692), James Simpson (N 340), Thomas Dutton (U 120), William Bond (no reference to volume etc in index), John Johnson (U 382), S.Davidson (U 689), John Salisbury (U 691), John Lawrence (Z 510) and John Lavars (13 404). (1st series index vol.11 folio 204)
Note that G.W.Machell’s co-grantee was not L. James as previously stated, repeating an error in a source.

The first series index was consulted re John Johnson (8 68) and John Johnston (8 29) and the second series index re Peter Robertson (14 141) but no mention was made of land in Yuroke. It is interesting that the sale of land in Drummond was listed under John Johnston (55 394), which confirms my suspicion that William’s father owned the land on the n.w. corner of Craigieburn and Mickleham Rd.
The second series index gives the same reference for John Johnson and John Johnston, Vol. 8 folio 396. This listed the sale of lots 1, 2 and 3 on the Machells’ grant to Samuel Mansfield. Before detailing this, I will return to John Johnson’s original purchase from the grantees.

On 2-2-1853, John Johnson paid the Machells 94 pounds to purchase lot 1 of their subdivision, which consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Commencing a chain (the width of Mickleham Rd) from the south east corner of allotment C, its boundary went 13.5 chains west, 10 chains north along the lot 2 boundary, 13.1 chains east along a one chain road (Providence Lane) and then south 10 chains to the commencing point.
Mickleham Road was wrongly described as running along the eastern boundary of section 2 to the Sydney road. Mickleham Rd actually bisects section 2; it runs along the eastern boundary of allotment C. The interesting point is that with Somerton Rd being called the Sydney road, much traffic to Sydney and McIvors Diggings must have turned right there instead of continuing past Marnong and Donnybrook Lane onto Old Sydney Rd, which emerges at Wallan.

On 14-10-1864, Samuel Mansfield (related through later Johnson & Hickox weddings) bought lots 1,2 and 3 of the Machells’ subdivision from John Johnson for 250 pounds. This was almost certainly the farm (N.A.V.18 pounds) on which John Johnston was assessed in 1863. Lot 1 consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Lots 2 and 3 each consisted of 13 acres and 2 roods. The western boundary of lot 3, which was at the south west corner of allotment C, adjoined allotment B (the eastern half of the former timber reserve).
Lots 1-3, described as 40 acres and owned by Sam Mansfield and later Harry Swaine, were bounded by the line of Swain St, a southerly extension of Section Rd, Providence Rd and Mickleham Rd. ( Melway reference 178, H/11.) Was Gellibrand Cottage on that 40 acres?
Dear Keith,
The hunt for Gellibrand Cottage continues.
As has been stated previously, John Johnson purchased Lot 1 of the Machells’ subdivision on 2-2-1853 and sold lots 1, 2 and 3 to Samuel Mansfield on 14-10-1864. If Gellibrand Cottage was not on lot 1, it was most likely that it was on lots 2 or 3, near the hill. I decided that the next step should be to examine the Machell memorials and follow the ownership of lots 2 and 3, hopefully to Peter Robertson.
L 692.
The original grant, issued on 22-6-1850, had been wrongly made out in the names of Leonard Machell, James Machell and G.W.Machell. The original grant was surrendered on 3-2-1851, Her Majesty undertaking to issue L.J. and G.W.Machell a new and correct grant as well as paying them 10 shillings.
N 340.
I forgot to mention that this might be a mortgage, which it turned out to be. James Simpson was a bank President. Len and George mortgaged the property on 18-8-1851 for 150 pounds, possibly to build Gellibrand Cottage. I thought the other night that Peter Robertson might have been renting Donald Kennedy’s “Dundonald” homestead slightly east of Gellibrand Hill’s summit, but I don’t think Kennedy would have taken kindly to a tenant applying another name to the house, so this possibility is unlikely.
U 120.
On 27-1-1853, Thomas Dutton paid 67 pounds 10 shillings for lot 5, which was on the northern side of Providence Rd (to which it had a 13 chain frontage starting 14 chains from the eastern boundary of Allotment C- this included the one chain width of Mickleham Rd.). The western boundary of 10 chains separated it from lot 4. William Bond was to have access along the un-named Providence and Section Roads. I have a feeling that Dutton actually acted as an agent for William Bond as Dutton’s index pages (from 4 302) do not mention him selling this land.
U 689.
On 4-2-1853, Samuel John Davidson paid 74 pounds 5 shillings for what seems to have been lot 4. Consisting of 13 acres 2 roods, it was bounded on the west by the government (timber) reserve, on the north by land bought by Lawrence (see Z 510) and on the east by Dutton’s (lot 5). In my haste, I traced later owners thinking I was dealing with the supposed Gellibrand Cottage site. Davidson sold to James Hooper (Y 529) who then sold it in two portions to Thomas Mallows (95 955) and Henry Papworth (195 573). Mallows also seems to have bought land from John Lawrence and sold the site(on lot 6) of the Wesleyan Church, which opened in 1869. This seems to have been belatedly memorialised on folios 559 and 560 of volume 814. Mallows also sold land to Enoch Hughes (296 774) and James Musgrove (327 72). Hughes sold his land to James Haberfield who sold it to Paul Clegg.
U 691.
Patrick Courtney had previously paid the Machells 74 pounds 5 shillings, but on 16-2-1853 John Salisbury paid Courtney 80 pounds and became the owner. The land consisted of lot 2 of 13 acres 2 roods and another 13 acres 2 roods, which was at the south west corner of portion C.
Z 510.
On 4-2-1853, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7, shaped like an upside-down L. Lot 6 obviously fronted Providence Rd, east of lots 4 and 5, while lot 7 ran the whole width of allotment C between lots 4,5 and 6 and Lavars’ purchase (see 13 404). The boundary of the 64 acres 4 perches bought by Lawrence commenced on the west side of Mickleham Rd, ran 13 chains 9 links westward on the north side of Providence Rd, 10 chains to the north along lot 5, 27 chains to the west along lots 5 and 4, 13 chains north along the western boundary of allotment C, 39 chains 11 links east alongside lot 8 and 23 chains south along a government (Mickleham) road to the commencing point.
Entries in the second series index (V.9 f. 229) reveal that Lawrence sold land to the Primitive Methodists (168 773) and (John?) Bond ((241 211).
13 404.
On 7-6-1854, John Lavars paid 2400 pounds for what seems to have been 200 acres, based on lot 7 (64 acres- 13. 5 = 50.5) being about a quarter of its north-south extent and hence its size. His boundary commenced at the north west corner of allotment C “being the centre of the Deep Creek and Sydney road”. Its boundaries measured:
36. 90 (north), 54. 50 chains (east and west) and 39.11 chains (south).
I believe that Lavars purchased lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, each with a Mickleham Rd frontage of 13.6 chains, making up the 200 acres that Annette Davis claims he owned (Greenvale:Links with the Past).
Next, I need to trace ownership of lots 2 and 3 after John Salisbury.
Z 346.
Salisbury seems to have been a shrewd speculator. He’d obtained lots 2 and 3 on 16-2-1853 by allowing Patrick Courtney to make a 5 pound 15 shilling profit on the 74 pounds 5 shillings Courtney had already paid to the Machells. What puzzles me is how Salisbury had obtained lots 2 and 3 for only 80 pounds when John Johnson had paid 94 pounds for half as much land a fortnight earlier.
I was hoping to find that lots 2 and 3 passed into the ownership of Peter Robertson before John Johnson acquired it. Such was not the case.
On 2-7-1853, John Johnson paid Salisbury 350 pounds plus a further 10 shillings for lots 2 and 3. In less than five months, Salisbury had made a 437 ½ percent profit. John Johnson must have really wanted that land! It is interesting that he had access to a fair amount of money.

Gellibrand Cottage.
My conclusion is that this would have been built near the road on lot 1 or on the highest point of lots 1-3 on allotment C of Section 2, either by the Machells (in late 1851) or by John Johnson in 1853. If it was built by the Machells with the August 1851 mortgage money and was on lot 1, this would explain why Johnson paid 94 pounds for 13 ½ acres while Salisbury paid only 80 pounds for 27 acres. The 40 ½ acres of lots 1-3 would have been too small for an ambitious farmer, so it is likely that John Johnson leased land near Crowe’s Hill from the Crown prior to being issued with the grant for allotment E of section 20. (N.B. As the 1863 rates list Johnston, Mrs Crowe and William Highett as owners of land near the intersection (Melway 385, J/7), the grants must have already been issued).
My guess is that Johns(t)on would have built another house on Greenhill (N.A.V. 9 pounds), the one listed by the rate collector after Pysent’s forge and hotel at Craigieburn, leaving the lot 1-3 homestead vacant. If Peter Robertson was engaged in farming or otherwise busy, and not strapped for cash, why would the council (roads board), of which John Johnston was a member 1858 to 1863, insult him by offering him 8 pounds to count the traffic. If the Johnston house assessed was the Greenhill homestead, I wonder if John Johnston suggested to the Roads Board Secretary, Evander McIver, that a certain person’s financial embarrassment might be eased if Evander forgot to assess Gellibrand Cottage.
It is likely that Johnstone St, which ran from Broadmeadows Township to the Broadmeadows Station but now includes the township (Westmeadows) deviation from the Mickleham Rd roundabout, was named after the early pioneer near Gellibrand and Crowe’s Hills, John Johnson er Johnston er Johnstone.
Merry Christmas.

Today I drove to Providence Rd and drove to Section Rd and back, which revealed little as no old buildings could be seen. Parking at the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park, I then walked up Swain St along the parish boundary. When a dog threatened to eat me alive, its owner called out to it and I used the opportunity to bring up the subject of old houses on what we know as the Machells’ subdivision lots 1-3. I neglected to ask his name and house number but I think the latter was 55 Providence Rd. He’d arrived at the end of 1970, just before the derelict Dundonald homestead was burnt down. He recalled two old houses at that time, one about 40 metres from Mickleham Rd and another on the present (No 85?) west of Mrs Hickey’s. He said that both seemed to have been built in the early 1900’s so it is unlikely that either was Gellibrand Cottage.

The first was probably built by Harry Swain. Seeing he owned all of lots 1-3, why wouldn’t Harry have lived in Gellibrand Cottage? As Samuel Mansfield, who owned the property from 1864 until at least 1900 (he died on 24-8-1905) probably did not live there, the cottage was almost certainly derelict by the time Swain bought the 40 acres before W.W.1. Mansfield owned property fronting Keilor Rd and extending into the south west corner of Essendon Aerodrome where there was a house until about 1940, on the site of Airport West Shoppingtown and on the west side of McNabs Rd on the hill leading up to Mansfields Rd. Sam probably lived on his McNabs Rd property. In his “Mickleham Road: 1920-1952”, George Lloyd states: “Farmers along there (left hand side heading towards Mickleham) were Len Butterworth (south of Freight Rd), then Wrights, Lockharts and Judds (between Freight Rd and the creek), Jack Orr’s Kia Ora, Hatty’s Dundonnell (sic) and Harry Swain on the corner of Providence Lane. Around the corner there was a little Methodist church built in 1869.A few more houses and then you came to the Greenvale Sanitorium.” The fact that George didn’t know the residents down the lane, (most likely Amos Papworth on 19 acres including lot 4 and Walter Farmer on 66 acres, i.e.John Lawrence’s old lots 6 and 7) shows that Harry Swain’s house must have been close to Mickleham Rd with a setback of only about 40 metres as stated. This house had to be demolished when the mansion on the corner of Swain St was built about ten years ago.
The second house, on the block past Mrs Hickey’s, was demolished recently, but as it couldn’t have been Gellibrand Cottage, it can be ignored. Proceeding past the giant house chimney being built as the first stage of a house, I came to some gigantic granite tors at the crest of the hill and then spotted what I was looking for, European plants of ancient vintage on vacant land. To my dismay, I found by walking due north that this site was west of the line of Section Rd and therefore on Section 1, not John Johnson’s 40 acres. Perhaps the house which stood here was the one to which William Bond was guaranteed permanent access as a term of Dutton’s purchase (U 120).
On arriving home, I rang Mrs Hickey (actually her daughter), not a bad feat considering her number isn’t in the phone book. She arrived in 1965 but seemed less sure about the two houses than her near neighbour. She did agree with his assessment of their age. Mrs Hickey did reveal that discussions with old Mrs Walters, led her to believe that there were house foundations where the power line enters 75 Providence Lane. May Walters (nee Hilsberg) grew up on the corner of Bonds Lane and Mickleham Rd and later bought Ferdinand and Susan Lubeck’s house in Section Rd. This might have been Gellibrand Cottage. Mrs Hickey has undertaken to ask her mother in law, Mrs Irene Hickey, for further information. Apparently Irene was related to the Crinnions a very old family in the area. Mrs Hickey Jnr. asked me if I knew anything about the Crinnion’s farms and I’m sure the material I will supply to them tomorrow will ensure their full cooperation.
WHILE LOOKING FOR DETAILS RE MAY WALTERS I DISCOVERED THAT HENRY PAPWORTH MARRIED ELIZABETH JOHNSON. They had nine children but Martha (3 YEARS OLD), Susannah (10 months), Sarah Ann (4 years) and Edward (17 years) were buried at Will Will Rook cemetery as were Elizabeth (died 1899 at 75) and Henry (1904 at 74).Sarah Jane and Martha Ann were baptised in the 1850's. (Greenvale: Links with the Past.)

HO32 Primitive Methodist (Uniting) Church
30 Providence Road, Greenvale

HO242 Prospect Cottage
70 Providence Road, Greenvale

This was on the Machell subdivision, on the south west of Somerton and Mickleham Rds,not on Springfield at the north eastern corner as shown in GREENVALE;GLIMPSES OF THE PAST by Annette Davis. Many wagons taking hay to Melbourne would pass the hotel taking hay to Melbourne but on the way home,the drivers would be more likely to stop. Bob Blackwell's ancestor worked for James Pigdon on Dunhelen and had been warned not to do this. The story is told in my journal JAMES PIGDON HAD A SENSE OF HUMOUR.

James Pigdon was a man with a sense of humour. A tale related to me by the late Bob Blackwell appears under BLACKWELL in the B volume but I will give the gist of it here. Bobs grandfather, William, worked for Pigdon on Dunhelen and tended to have an ale or six at Lavars Hotel whenever he was passing the hotel, which was located at the s/w corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds.(not at the n/e corner as wrongly shown in some maps.) Pigdon warned Blackwell not to stop at the hotel or he would be sacked. The latter could not resist the temptation so to disguise his state, he stood up on the dray as it bounced up the driveway to the bluestone homestead and loudly declared, Nobody can say Im drunk! James Pigdon laughed so much that his threat was never carried out.
Broadmeadows rate record of 1899-1900 shows that James C. Pigdon was leasing a house and 1000 acres from the Ham executors. The rate collector was obviously not acquainted with the late owner, Ferdinand Bond Brown Shortland Hann, who bought the Dunhelen estate of 2500 acres in 1885.

Dunhelen, whose historic house and stables still stand at 1240 Mickleham Rd., originally consisted of sections 11,12 and 13 of the parish of Yuroke, a total of just over 1980 acres, whose location is indicated by Melway 178, E/1-2 to 179, H/2-4. By Pigdons time, Dunhelen land west of Mickleham Rd. had been sold to the Crinnions (426 acres) and Michael Crotty (200 acres); this later became the Hall family's Kentucky. Pigdons leased 1000 acres was on the east side of Mickleham Rd.


I recalled that Annette Davis had mentioned that Lavars' Hotel was later operated by the Bourke's and that there was some sort of relationship. Trove should confirm this memory.

LAVARS. —On the 6th April, at private hospital,Emily, dearly beloved youngest daughter of Mary and the late John Lavars, of Greenvale, sister of Mrs. O'Donnell, North Melbourne; Mrs.Bond, of Pechilby; Mrs. Burke, Greenvale; Mr.M. Lavars, Essendon; and, Mrs. Hill, North Melbourne. R.I.P. (P.1, Argus, 9-4-1906.)

A social evening was held in the Greenvale school on June 4th by residents of Greenvale and Broadmeadows
in honour of Mrs. Bourke, of the Greenvale Hotel, who is leaving the district after a residence of forty years.
There was a large and representative attendance from all parts of the district. Cr. Hall, J.P., in a suitable
speech, made the presentation-a very nice tea and coffee service-to Mrs.Bourke and a leather handbag to Miss
Bourke. Mr. H. H. Daniel supported Cr. Hall in his remarks, and Cr. Cargill suitably responded on behalf of
Mrs. and Miss Bourke. (The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 1 July 1915 p 6 Article)

DHOTAMA (Pages I-L 99-100.)
As the entries for John and Martin Lavars can be seen on pages 428 of Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT,the following is a brief summary only.
John Lavars, at the age of 14 according to Annette Davis (Ferguson), arrived in 1840 and after 6 months at Colac and 27 months working at livery stables in Melbourne,he (John or his father?) leased land at Pascoe Vale in 1845 and 1846. It is possible that it was during these two years John Lavars met his future wife,Mary Sullivan, who was working as a servant at Pascoe Vale. In 1847, John would have reached his majority and have been able to lease land in his own right. It is possible that the land he supposedly leased from Duncan Cameron was part of sections 5 and 6 Will Will Rook,the Glenroy Estate,but Donald and Duncan Kennedy would have been the owners,having bought the estate from speculators, Hughes and Hosking,from whom the Camerons had been leasing the estate. John and Mary's oldest child,Martin*, was born in 1849 and brought up on a farm in "the Broadmeadows district", a description which could apply to Will Will Rook or Yuroke. I have researched tenants on "Glenroy", but have never seen John's name mentioned.
*Incidentally,Martin said he was born of English parents, but his mother, Mary (nee Sullivan) was from County Cork!

John's biography states that from 1847, he leased 1500 acres from Duncan Cameron for three years and from Captain Pearson for another three years. It is possible that the Cameron land was in the parish of Yuroke straddling today's Somerton Rd (with Stony Fields,later Roxburgh Park, being the pre-emptive right) of which James Pearson purchased the grants for Springfield, John Bond's Fairview, young Shankland's Brook Hill and the southern half of section 4 (the latter two extending south to the Shankland wetlands.)

Martin married Miss Bourke from N.S.W. in 1974 and in 1879, he leased 500 acres from D.Kennedy. His sister, Catherine, married James Bourke and was the Mrs Bourke who was farewelled in 1915. James built a house in Section Rd but when he died, Catherine and her daughter, Katherine Mary, moved back into the hotel. The hotel on 5 acres and another 10 acre block had been sold in 1914.

Martin was a shopkeeper at Glenroy in 1890 which would seem to indicate that the 500 acres, rather than being on the Dundonald Estate, was at Glenroy West/Jacana, Duncan Kennedy's share of the Glenroy Estate which Duncan sold during the land boom circa 1888 to Chapman after whom Chapman Avenue was named. If John's leases were of 5 years (a common length) the sale probably coincided with the end of the second lease, accounting for his move to the Wheatsheaf Rd shop.

I was given the opportunity to provide historic street names for the Alanbrae Estate on Keith Campbell's old "Willowbank" farm. Obviously the developer would have consulted rate records to check that I had the spelling right. Bad mistake! That why you'll see Lavers Place at Melway 6 A5. Another early purchaser on the Machell subdivision, John Johnson, had a street named after him too.


See the Lavars' Hotel entry re Dunhelen.
(HO31 Dunhelen House & Barn
1240 Mickleham Road, Greenvale)


KENTUCKY. This was the property of Thomas G.Hall according to George Lloyd. A mile north of Somerton Rd past Greenan and Greenvale,it was across Mickleham Rd from Dunhelen,having originally been part of the Dunhelen Estate. In 1920-1 Thomas G.Hall was rated on 366 acres and a house on 10 acres. Tommy Loft (later of Dalkeith in Tullamarine)was leasing a house and 200 acres from John T.Hall,which may have been part of Kentucky.

See the Lavars' Hotel entry re Kentucky and Dunhelen.

HO261 Tulloch Outbuilding (former Cheese Factory,ruin) 30 Farleigh Court (rear), Mickleham

Journeying northward through the agricultural township of Broadmeadows, which,we note, has lost the jaunty appearance it used to wear in the palmy days of Moonee Ponds farming, we reach, at a distance of some 20 miles from Melbourne, the white gates which admit us to the farm of Tulloch, a fine estate of 1,530 acres, owned and
occupied by Mr. R. B. Stevenson. Throughout the greater part of the journey the road is ascending, but the last mile or two is nearly level, and this continues up to the site of the homestead, a plain and useful building of

Although the Deep Creek presents at various points of its course bold and interesting landscape scenery, it is questionable whether so extensive a view of the valley through which it meanders or rushes, according to humour, is obtainable as from the site of the farmhouse of Tulloch. At Glenara the rocks impart a grandeur which is wanting at the former place, but the view is limited by the windings of the creek and the steepness
of its banks. At Tulloch, several miles of the valley can be taken in at a glance; the banks are less steep, although deeper perhaps in some spots, and clothed with verdure.

In this elevated region on which we are standing bluestone crops out in abundance, andon our journey to Mickleham, the granite quarries were noticed whence was brought the material of which (THE ORIGINAL) Prince's-bridge is formed. Thus it is not surprising that stone is generally employed in all buildings in course of construction, or that Mr. Stevenson is replacing at convenience the post and rail fences with stone walls. He has wisely left the rails to stand as long as they will, but when repairs are needed, a portion of the fence at one end is taken for the purpose, and its place is made good by an extension of the wall, now measuring three miles and upwards including the stone walls of the pig and stock yards. The work of erecting these walls, and
indeed of carrying out most of the building operations, is done by the hands upon the farm during spare time between the morning and evening milking.

The business of the farm is confined to dairying and stock rearing, the latter including, as already intimated,
swine. Thus a good many hours can be spared in the course of the day for other work, especially as a dozen hands are usually kept the year round. The cost of such walling as has been done at a fixed price was 32s. per chain, which the owner observes is cheaper than fencing of any other sort can be erected in that locality. "If a wall gets thrown down, the materials are there, you have only to rebuild them." Where pigs are to be kept within bounds, stone walls are invaluable, but as they are usually built much wider at the base than at the top, in order to give them stability, the sides afford foothold for sheep and goats, against which animals
therefore, they are not invariably proof.

The subdivisions of the estate are few, the greater part of the area being a natural grass run. "This season, for the first time not a plough has been put into the ground." Some years ago, when tillage was more profitable
than now, a considerable area of wheat, oats,and other crops was grown. The land that bore them has been laid down in grass. In one paddock the dairy herd was grazing on 100 acres of rye-grass; another of 70 acres has
been mown for hay, and this supply suffices for the stock, no other hay being grown and no produce of the land being sold, the whole being consumed upon the farm. Nor is it difficult to imagine how the hay goes. In the
stable were 10 cart horses; as fine and well conditioned a lot as can be found together,and seeing that no ploughing has to be done they are likely to have an easy life of it. Their labours are shared by an equal
number of fine working bullocks that were bred upon the place, and that appeared to be as happily fitted with work as the horses.

For 19 years Mr. Stevenson has used in his herds shorthorn bulls that he has purchased of Mr. M'Dougall, of Essendon.(SECTION 8,DOUTTA GALLA.) His stock, therefore, has the appearance of pure shorthorn, and as five crosses only of pure blood are required to qualify for admission to the Herd Book, it is evident that the
majority of Mr. Stevenson's stock must possess that amount of qualification. The herd comprises 217 head, of which only the younger portion-heifers with their first calf came under our notice. The majority had been in milk from seven to nine months, but a few had recently come in. Mr. Stevenson prefers bis strain of milkers to any others he has met with; he states that their milk, if less in quantity, is richer than that of common cows-that his cows fatten quickly when going dry,and do not lay on flesh whilst they are in full milk. Some of the heifers exhibited, in their length of head and thinness of neck, indications that serve to justify Mr. Stevenson's good opinion, whilst others promised well for the butcher at all times.

In determining upon the best breed of cattle for dairy purposes, all the circumstances must be taken into consideration. At a long distance from a beef market, the produce of the cow at the pail may be the point, whilst in localities where beef realises a high figure, the dairying would perhaps be a secondary affair. At Tulloch, however, no male calves are kept except the few required to grow into working bullocks. The males
therefore are killed, the " vell" or stomach and the skin being saved; they realise about 3 s.per head, or rather the skin is sold for 1s. and the vell is valued at 2s. for use as rennet.

The cow calves, of which 43 were in the calf paddock, are reared by hand. At first they get the new milk {the first produced after calving) which is unfit for use in the dairy, but after a few days they are gradually familiarised with skim milk. The cows are not stalled at night beyond the number of 50,that being the extent of accommodation furnished by the old wooden sheds with thatched roofs which have done duty for a number of years, but which are soon to give place to the bluestone sheds whose walls are now about a yard high. In loose boxes in the old shed were the bulls now in use in the herd.
On page 24 Cabar-fieidh tbe younger, who is four yearsold, has two crosses of ... etc.
(P.23-4,The Australasian, 31-12-1870.)

PARNELL'S INN.(HO36 Former Post Office
1921 Mickleham Road, Mickleham)

CHIG stands for Craigieburn Historical Interest Group and I'm rapt that their history is published on the internet instead of gathering dust in a local history room. Well done Yvonne Kernan and Co. Several good photos.
Old Parnells Inn

The old Parnell's Inn

The Old Parnell's Inn at Mickleham

My thanks to Cheryl Reid and Marion Hill who are both descendants of the Parnell & Harman Family, for the family information and photos on this page.

The Inn

The old Parnell's Inn still stands today on the eastern side of the road, a short distant from the corner of Mickleham and Mt. Ridley Roads. Today the old inn building is a private residence and looks somewhat different with the canvas blinds covering the windows and the large row of pines trees in front obscuring it from view.

A Parish of Mickleham Plan of original crown land purchasers tells that E. Wright owned Section 11a, the land the building stood on originally in 1852. George Parnell bought the land off Wright later that year. By 1856 the Electoral Roll states George is a blacksmith and an owner of a house and 200 acres of land at Mickleham.

It is not known whether the early building referred to as 'the bluestone cottage' was the same dwelling as the inn. In 1861 a tender was put out for the erection of a shop and dwelling at Mickleham for G. Parnell which suggests this may have been the later erection of the inn and a more suitable premises for a hotel.

The Argus, Saturday 29th June 1861

Tenders will received till July 5th for MASONS and BRICK WORK, labour only, for shop and dwelling at Mickleham, for Mr. G. Parnell. Plans and specifications to be seen at the office of Geo H. Cox, 41 Swanston Street. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.

The Broadmeadows Rate Books in 1863 show that the hotel was now up and running. The 1860s were a busy time along the Old Sydney Road, used as a route for heavy bullocks, horse wagons and all kinds of stock drovers and the hotel was well situated to take advantage of the passing trade. The Victorian Gazetteer of 1865 describes Mickleham as a hamlet of 50 dwellings, including two hotels the Parnell's and the Mickleham. There was a coach to Melbourne twice daily and the Parnell's Inn was used a staging post.

From 1864 to 1869 George Parnell runs the hotel by himself and The Cole Index tells us he was issued a 'beer license' in 1869 which would have been very restrictive. It meant he could only serve beer and could not sell wine and spirituous liquors. An infringement would have been punishable by a fine and resulted in forfeiture of his license. 1869 was the last year of the hotel's licensing as there was no further licenses issued to George Parnell or anyone else at the inn and from then on seems to have reverted to farm use with the property being described as 'a house with 154 acres of land attached'.

George Parnell died in 1876 aged 57 years leaving a will. George left the dwelling house to Thirza his wife which then consisted of 'a stone house with a slate roof containing 7 rooms' occupied by Thirza Parnell and the two sons Arthur Samuel and Robert Harman.

An extra three rooms seem to have been added to the 'stone house' between George's death and when Thirza died in 1878 as the stone building was then described as 10 rooms used at a hotel but was unlicensed for at least the last ten years and confirms the hotels last year of licensing as 1869.

Arthur ran the property after his mother's death in 1878 and the Broadmeadows Rate Books again show this with him being noted as 'farmer' at the property at Mickleham from then on.

Mickleham's post office opened in 1902, occupying the house built for George Parnell and his family. In 1902 the building was then used as a post office, when Arthur Samuel Harman successfully tendered for the position as postmaster. A postmasters income was then derived from the percentage of business through the post office at the time.

Arthur Samuel Harman ran the post office at Mickleham in the old Parnell's Inn building till his death in 1932 when his wife Sarah Jane Harman (nee Pither) took over the position at the Post Office and ran it till 1934.

Parnell's Inn and Mickleham Post Office dated 1967 picture courtesy of the N.A.A)

The office was closed in the September of 1967 and for a number of years after this the building lay unoccupied and open to vandals who smashed windows and caused much interior damage to the walls and ceilings. The weather had not helped the situation and rain had flooded the cellar and leaked through the damaged ceilings into the building.

The Old Parnell's Inn vandalised before it was purchased and restored in 1972

In 1972 the building was purchased by T. and W. Capper and apparently the building still being quite sound despite the damage done by vandals was restored. From this time on the building has passed through a number of owners but today remains a private residence on Mickleham Rd at Mickleham.

The Parnell Family

George Parnell owner of the Parnell's Inn was born in c.1819 in Norfolk, England and married Maria Jones in 1855. It wasn't long before their daughter Priscilla was born in 1852 when George Parnell was 33. George, Maria and Priscilla lived in the bluestone cottage built by George from local quarried stone in 1855.

Sometime later after 1859, George divorced Maria Parnell and remarried to Thirza Harman (nee Cook) who was the second Mrs. Parnell. Thirza had two sons by her first marriage to Arthur Harman, Arthur Samuel and Robert Harman and of course now her stepdaughter Priscilla, when she married George, the family all lived at the bluestone cottage. Tragedy stuck the family in 1863 when Priscilla Parnell died aged 11 years and was buried at the Old Mickleham Cemetery in Mt. Ridley Road.

George Parnell died in the October of 1876 aged 57 years and only two years later Thirza, George's second wife, died of a stroke in the November of 1878 leaving the estate at Mickleham to her two sons Arthur Samuel and Robert Harman. However Robert suffered from epilepsy and was hospitalised for some time leaving Arthur to run the property after his mother's death in 1878 at the age of 24. Only six years after their mother died Robert died in 1884 at the age of 26 possibly from the effects of the epilepsy he suffered.

Arthur married Sarah Jane Pither born 1856 at Yuroke in 1879 and the couple had five children all daughters, Ethel 1880, Thirza Jane 1883, Evelyn Matilda 1885, Annie Elizabeth 1888 and Adelaide Louise 1891, at the bluestone cottage at Mickleham. The couple lived at Mickleham till Arthur died in 1932, then Sarah Jane Harman ran the post office till 1934.

Ethel Harman married Walter Hitchcock in 1909, Thirza Jane married William Patford in 1905, Annie Elizabeth married Thomas Hodgson 1912, Adelaide Louise married Alfred William Roberts in 1916 and Evelyn Matilda married George Henry Groves in 1923. More information can be found on the family of George Henry and Evelyn Matilda Groves below.etc.

(HO265 Mickleham Cemetery (and site of Wesleyan
Church) 440 – 442 Mt Ridley Road, Mickleham)

The Mickleham Methodist Church Cemetery

Mickleham Methodist Church Cemetery

Mickleham Methodist Church Cemetery (c1858-c83)

'The Cemetery Amongst the Red Gum Trees'

View the Memorial Inscriptions of Mickleham Cemetery

What remains of the Mickleham Methodist Church Cemetery is located on the north side of Mt. Ridley Rd at Mickleham. By 1852 is seems the congregation of Methodist Wesleyan farmers in the area had grown to the size where it warranted a permanent place of worship instead of being held in the homes of various parishioners. A site, at that time being the property of the Cole family, was selected on the corner of what is now Mickleham Rd and Mt. Ridley Rd.

For some unrecorded reason the original site was never used and the acre of land the old cemetery now lies in on Mt. Ridley Rd was purchased by the Wesleyan Methodist Church off a local farmer, Thomas Langford who was elder of the local Wesleyan Church and held in trust by 12 community members, one being his brother Robert Langford-Sidebottom.

In a Land Purchase document dated 14th of July 1852 Thomas Langford described 'of Melbourne' purchased section 11c for £158 in Mickleham, County of Bourke and on the 13th day of December 1854 he sold a portion of land to the church and 12 community members for one pound and ten shillings.

The very next year in 1855 the church is believed to have been erected and was described at being 'a stone chapel in the course of erection'. The church was built of bluestone, It was also used as a school for some years until 1871 when the school was moved to other premises and the building was used for church services only. Some years later it was discovered there were cracks in the stone walls of the chapel and the walls were giving way. It became too dangerous to conduct services there and planning began by the community to construct a new church.(HO263 Mickleham Uniting Church (former Methodist) 1881 Mickleham Road, Mickleham.)

It was too expensive to rebuild the church in bluestone, so a weatherboard church on the original site in Mickleham Rd was erected in it's place, known today as the Uniting Church at Mickleham. All traces of the bluestone Mickleham Methodist Church have since long disappeared on the site and all that remains are a some depressions in the ground at the front, right of the site with a few broken stones which suggests the site of the church/school may have been located on that spot and some broken and weathered headstones, all left to remind us of days long gone by. The Old Cemetery at Mickleham land was transferred over to the Uniting Church of Australia in 1983.

Recently is has been claimed by a descendant of Langford-Sidebottom family that there could have been up to 200 souls buried at the site. It has been claimed an old resident living not far from the cemetery site used the original wooden grave markers for firewood leaving only what we see today, the few remaining stone grave markers on the site in poor condition.

Some of the residents of the Old Mickleham Cemetery are a sad reminder of the pioneering days long past.

Left: Fragments of old Williams headstones at the Mickleham Cemetery.

Right: The broken headstone of Eliza Williams and her five children.

The five children of John and Eliza Williams all dying of diphtheria one after another in 1876 are buried under the broken headstone. The headstone is broken in half with the remnants lying in the grass nearby. John and Eliza Williams came from Wiltshire in England and John worked at Mt. Ridley Station till they eventually acquired their own property at Mickleham and farmed on a small scale.

Priscilla and her parents George & Maria Parnell

George and Maria Parnell were early keepers of the Parnell's Inn, an early staging post for travellers along the Sydney Road. Thirza Parnell is also buried here George's second wife after he divorced Maria Parnell.

Robert Langford Sidebottom

Died 1877

Robert was brother to Thomas Langford who sold the land for the cemetery. Robert was a landowner of 265 acres on Mt. Ridley Rd at Mickleham not far from Thomas and served on the Road Board and Council for many years.

The headstone of Martha Williams daughter of John and Mary Ann Williams (nee Ostler) who died in June 1858 of Typhus fever. The Williams family who were Cornish farmers had come to Australia from Penstrace, Kenwyn in Cornwall 9 years earlier on the ship 'General Palmer' in 1849 with their 6 children, Martha being the youngest.

Although any remains of the headstone now is long gone, the twin daughters of Nathan and Jane Unwin are buried in this cemetery. Nathan Unwin a farmer in the area and Jane his wife had twin daughters who both eventually died at Mickleham and are buried in the cemetery. In 1879 Myra Unwin died aged 2 months and a year later in 1880 Lena Violet Unwin died aged 10 months of pneumonia.

CC20 - Friends of St.Kilda Cemetery

Mickleham Methodist Church Cemetery (c1858-c83)(Melways Ref 366 C12) - To the north of Melbourne on the outskirts of the ever expanding metropolis are the sad sorry remains of the Mickleham (Methodist) Churchyard Cemetery. The cemetery is located on the north side of the Mt. Ridley Road (made famous in recent times by the Korp saga) and covers an area of about an acre. It is situated amidst the remnants of what once was an indigenous redgum forest. Since a heritage study was conducted in 1998, hobby farms surround the cemetery and a fence has been erected in recent times. The locality was once a thriving district of farmers with a strong Wesleyan faith. In 1854, one such local farmer Thomas Langford sold a piece of his land to the Methodist Church and the following year the first chapel was believed to have been built. (The remnants of the base of what may have been a chapel can be seen near the south-west corner). Research has confirmed that twenty interments
occurred between 1858 and 1883 with another five unconfirmed from oral sources. Names represented include
Chambers, Foxton,Langford, Parnell,Sidebottom, Thompson and Williams. Three graves each surrounded by cast iron railings on bluestone foundations are all that remain standing upright whilst another two monuments(Chambers-Thompson and Parnell) are detached from their base. Of interest is the monument to Priscilla (d.30 Oct 1863), George (d 29 Oct 1876) and Thirza Parnell (d 27 Nov 1878). The lower portion of the inscription imbedded in the earth notes the name of the monumental mason as “S. Wines 26 George St Fitzroy”.As with the Thomastown Methodist Churchyard Cemetery, the graves all face towards the east where an Italian Cypress tree (Cupressus sempervirens) stands showing signs of distress. If ever there was a greater insult to the pioneers who lie buried in the cemetery and who went through the trials of migrating to a distant land, it’s the ignominy of having to share their final resting place with grazing cows. Surely the pioneers of Mickleham deserve better

HO37 War Memorial
Mickleham Road, Mickleham

(HO35 State School #1051
1880 Mickleham Road, Mickleham)
(History | Mickleham PS

The first school in Mickleham was the Wesleyan School No. 423, a denominational school opened on the 1st April, 1855, with an enrolment of 48 children – 22 boys and 26 girls.

The site of this first school was in what is now known as Mt. Ridley Road, about 2 kilometres east of Mickleham Road. Classes were held in this church building until it was replaced by the present bluestone building – School number 1051 – in 1871.

In February 1870 the Board of Education agreed to a new school building. The building was to be erected on land purchased from Mr. William Saunders of Riseborough Park, using money raised by public donation. The school, made of locally quarried bluestone, was completed in July 1871, with half the money to complete the school coming from local contributors. In 1883 a teacher’s residence was approved and a weatherboard house was completed in 1884.

The school was closed from June 1951 until February 1953 – not through lack of pupils, but through a decision made by the Education Department when a replacement could not be found for the Head Teacher who was to take his long-service leave.

Today there are 110 students in five grades and the school that began as a small community church school in 1855 remains the only small school in the area and the sense of community and belonging remains as important today as it was then.

MARNONG.(HO264 Marnong 155 Old Sydney Road, Mickleham.)

Place: Marnong - Hume City Council
Place: Marnong. Place No.- 67. Type: Dwelling. Location: 155 Mickleham Road, Kalkallo. Critical Date(s): Bluestone section constructed c. late 1840s or early ...

EXTRACT ONLY. The Marnong gates are directly opposite Donnybrook Lane.
The substantial rural holding now known as Marnong, and once called Green Grove,
started off as a portion of a run called Bank Vale, which was held in the 1840s by William John
Turner Clarke. At the time of his death in 1874 Clarke had become one of Australia's wealthiest
landowners, with property in New South Wales, the Port Phillip District and Van Diemen's
Land. It was in Van Diemen's Land in the 1830s that Clarke had begun to amass property and
wealth and in the late 1830s or early 1840s he lent money to the Scotch Company, which was
composed of a number of Hobart Town traders, for the purpose of establishing a run in the Port
Phillip District. The run they set up, Bank Vale, lay some twenty miles north of Melbourne, to
the east of the Deep Creek (or Saltwater River), and just beyond the site of the future village of
Mickleham. The land comprised undulating open pastures and was well suited for sheep.1
From such descriptions it would appear that the present Marnong property is situated in what
was the south west part of this run.
In the early 1840s the Scotch Company was no longer able to maintain the venture and
the run was subsequently taken over in early to mid-1841 by Clarke who quickly installed John
Edols, a young overseer, in the vacated manager's hut. This was Clarke's first undertaking in a
district where he was within less than two decades to own the freehold title to more than
100,000 acres. In the immediate area, however, by July 1841 he had installed his brother Lewis
on the small Plover Plains [see Site Report BL/04] run, which lay to the west of Bank Vale on
the other side of the Deep Creek. And by the late 1840s Clarke had taken over the Hill Head
run, which adjoined Plover Plains on the north.2
In 1839, directly to the east of and below Marnong, surveyor Kemp noted what he
described as a 'Ford and Road to the Settlement' across Deep Creek.3 'The Settlement' was
Melbourne, and on the west of the creek the track connected directly with Mortimore's Station
(later WJT and Lewis Clarkes' Plover Plains), the Hill Head Station further north (also
eventually taken up by WJT Clarke), and thence to northern and north-western Victoria. It was
very likely the Deep Creek crossing which FR Godfrey of Mount Ridley homestead often used,
describing it in his journal as being near Clarke's 'old station.'4 As the crossing was about
midway between Plover Plains and Marnong, it is possible, but not certain, that it was Marnong
which was being referred to as Clarke's 'old station.'
The present Marnong homestead is situated directly on top of the highest hill in the
immediate landscape, and it is possible that the rear part of the homestead, which has been
added to over the years, is the first permanent dwelling of the Bank Vale station. Certainly, the
rear sections of the present homestead, constructed of quarried bluestone laid in regular courses,
could have been constructed in the late 1840s or early 1850s to serve as a substantial cottage
from which the Bank Vale run, which spread to the north-east, could be overseen. The vantage
point of the cottage, high above the Deep Creek, would also have given Clarke and his overseer
a clear view of the Hill Head run in the north-west, and the Plover Plains run to the west.
The possibility that Marnong was Clarke's original Bank Vale homestead increases in
the light of the other options for the site of this station. The only other early sites known to have
been built east of this part of Deep Creek are the small, part bluestone Kalkallo Park [see Site
Report M/01], situated square to 1850s alignment of Donnybrook Road; and the bluestone ruins
of Bleak House [see Site Report M/04]. Together with a few other sites which no longer exist,
local tradition has it that these were built as managers,' or boundary riders,' homes by Clarke.5

It is also possible, but less likely, that Bleak House, with its wide views across the surrounding
pastoral countryside, and which remained in Clarke's ownership, was the Bank Vale homestead
The Bank Vale run itself was described as 'one of [Clarke's] most cherished stations and
his only home in the Sunbury District'.6 It was the address to which Hoddle wrote a letter in
July 1850 informing Clarke that part of the Hill Head run had been leased to Captain James
Clarke's Sunbury land holding was increased enormously by his 'land grab', or Special
Survey, of over 30,000 acres in 1851,8 but it is said that Hoddle, long plagued by Clarke's
manipulations, was not prepared to allow him the Bank Vale run. He sent a 'curt note' to Clarke
on 30 January 1851 notifying him that the whole of the Bank Vale run, except the homestead
section of 640 acres, had been leased to a John Robertson. This angered Clarke, who so
strongly disputed the lease that Hoddle finally put the land up to public auction.9
By the end of February 1852 Clarke had bought some 1700 acres in the immediate area,
including Section 23 of the Parish of Mickleham, where the present Marnong homestead is
located.10 It is possible that this section of 440 acres, and some of the adjacent land, made up
the 640 acres of 'homestead section' referred to by Hoddle.
By 1863, part of the Bank Vale property had been acquired by the grazier, Thomas
Colclough, who named it Green Grove. Over the next fifteen years he increased his holding
from some 846 acres to a little over 1000 acres.11 In 1869 he became a member of the
Broadmeadows Road Board, the district in which his property lay.12 In the running of this
property Colclough was said to be 'often in the [stock] yards as he handled both sheep and
In September 1877 a notice appeared in the Argus in which the architect Robert
Adamson invited tenders for extensive additions for Thomas Colclough Esq. at Mickleham 'near
Donnybrook'.14 This would have been the addition of the front section and the remodelling of
the original bluestone buildings. Adamson is not particularly well-known but he is said to have
worked as an architect in Melbourne, by himself and in various partnerships, from 1868 to at
least 1900.15 In the 1870s he appears to have been quite busy and tender notices show that he
undertook numerous commissions ranging from ecclesiastical to commercial to domestic.16
Much of his work was at Emerald Hill (the present South Melbourne) although he also designed
residences in Williamstown, Hawthorn, Footscray, Prahran and other Melbourne suburbs. None
of this work has been identified or located. The work he did for Colclough appears to have been
a rare commission outside of Melbourne.
Thomas Colclough died in 1897 and in one of the documents required for Probate, a Statement of Assets and Liabilities, the Green Grove estate was valued at £4045.18.3. Thisincluded some 1033 acres of land (Sections 21, 22, 23, and 27 of the Parish of Mickleham), a stone villa of 7 rooms, and outbuildings.17


TEN POUNDS REWARD, if Strayed, or Twenty Pounds If Stolen-Strayed or Stolen from Mickleham, Deep Creek, eight
miles beyond the Broadmeadows, on the 17th instant the following Draught Horses;
One Black MARE, branded AH near shoulder. P off neck, star on forehead, 10 hands high,
One Roan MARE, branded JR on near shoulder, 16 hands high.
Parties bringing the same to WATKIN'S Bush Stables, Elizabeth-street, Melbourne ;Robert Burns Hotel, New Sydney-road; Broadmeadows Hotel: or to GEORGE PARNELL, blacksmith. Mickleham, will receive the above reward. (P.8,Argus,29-10-1856.)

An early survey map shows the Craigie Burns and Robbie Burns Hotels on the NEW Sydney road near Craigieburn.
George Parnell built an inn on the old Sydney road. See photo on page 45 of Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. The caption reads:"Like everything else in Mickleham,this was built to last: the bluestone Parnell's Inn, a favourite stopping place on the Old Sydney Road,is now a private home."

The sales of land and house property reported during the week include the following:— 634 acres of land at Mickleham, Sydney road, about 18 miles from Melbourne, 500 acres of which are in cultivation, all fenced in.
The improvements consist of dwelling-house, out-offices, &c., stable capable of holding 100 horses, large barn, milking yard, dairy, well, &c., late the property of John Johnson, Esq.,for 5151 pounds, etc.
(P.4, The Age,25-4-1859.)

Google YUROKE,COUNTY OF BOURKE to see the Crowe and Johnson grants near the north western corner of the parish of Yuroke.

John Johnson had a farm of about 100 acres "Greenhill" at the northern end of (the parish of) Yuroke. He was a(Broadmeadows) Road Board representative only until 1863 but remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 77. (P. 46-7 BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.) Descendants of John who worked at Stewarton (777 acres of the Gladstone Park area) when he first arrived, later returned to the area occupying Glendewar and Cumberland near Broadmeadows Township and Spring Park near the A.J.Davis Reserve in Keilor Rd. Two books about the Johnson family, containing photos of the homesteads on these three properties, can be seen at the historic Woodlands homestead.(One is called ALWAYS A LADY.)

As John Johnson had 634 acres,he'd probably bought John Crowe's adjoining grants,"Mount Yuroke",later renamed as "Crowe's Hill". John Johnson had first bought 40 acres on Machell's early subdivision north of Donald Kennedy's "Dundonald" between Swain St and Providence Lane that was later Harry Swain's farm.


5 comment(s), latest 5 months, 2 weeks ago


"Not to know what happened before one was born is to remain a child." Cicero.

itellya wants everyone to have the opportunity to move out of childhood. My particular object is to encourage a love of PLACE such as Australia's first inhabitants had. It was so strong that they no longer wanted to produce offspring, or even live, when they were moved off their particular places to refuges, on Flinders Island for the Tasmanian aborigines and near Healesville for the remnants of the Wurundjeri and Boon-wurrung near Melbourne.

In my case,I spend much time at the beach at Rosebud, but if I was offered a free holiday on a Pacific island, it would seem like a gift from heaven.But if I was then prohibited from leaving the resort and snorkeling to see the colourful fish on the reef,my usual "way of life", I would feel just like those early aborigines. I'd soon return home and resume my traditional way of life but that was not an option for the first Australians.

I do have the love of PLACE and I want everybody to share it. When I visit a new place on holiday, such as Sale, one of my first things to do is to walk around it and find what makes it worthy of love. Every history board is read; the more I know about the place,the more I love it.At Rosebud,one thing I'd like to do is visit the museum and find out about the old days from long-time residents of the area at Rosebud Historical Society meetings.

Unfortunately there is neither a museum nor a historical society at Rosebud. There is a historical society and museum at Broadmeadows but maybe not for much longer if the bean counters at the City of Hume get their way.The local museum is important in enabling newcomers to appreciate and love their new place,by learning about its heritage. My journal WAKE UP AUSTRALIA shows that the Broadmeadows Historical Society was struggling back then and the city's plans for increased rental fees for the museum would surely make Elayne and Alan's small band of volunteers give up their dedication to preserve the area's history.

I received the following email today from Elayne.

Hello xxx,

Firstly, you have no idea whatsoever as to how much the Members, Member Volunteers, Volunteers appreciated your comments in the local paper this week. There was an enormous shout of joy when each read it.

Now - I received the email below* and wondered if you can throw some information on it. You can either answer them directly or send me the information and I will forward it on. I know I have read something of this somewhere, but trying to find it at the moment with the Hume City Council hanging over my head is not something I can do at the moment. I am trying to get everything prepared for next Wednesday.

The original meeting was to be held this Friday (March 6) but the Council came up with some small, belittling excuse to change it to the following Wednesday (March 11) - a date that was considered well out of reason when I suggested it. Funny how it was changed when Friday March 6 is the start of a long weekend.

Thanks again for your support.

Elayne Whatman
Hon. Secretary
Broadmedows Historical
Society Inc. and Museum

Ph: 03 9302 1456
Mob: 0487 371 543
From: Hine, Benjamin
Date: 3/03/2015 11:37:02 AM
To: [email protected]
Cc: Bennett, Rohan; Stojanovich, Natasha
Subject: Research on Mickleham Road Area [DLAP-AUMatters.FID591743]

Dear Elayne

I refer to your recent conversation with my colleague Emma Maguire.

As discussed, we are trying to obtain information about Mickleham Road in Mickleham. Specifically, we are looking for:

· Information about the:

o History of Mickleham Road, including its date of construction / historical uses.

o Trees in Mickleham Road, Mickleham (in particular between Bardwell Drive and Donnybrook Road), including details of the planting of the trees in this area, and those in the Avenue of Honour.

· Copies of any historical maps, surveys or photos of the road / the trees in the area.

Can you please let us know if your library holds any information about the matters described above?

We look forward to speaking with you.

Kind regards

Benjamin Hine
Natasha Stojanovich
Senior Associate

I don't just write journals. This is what brought the shouts of joy.

SO HUME Council wants to treat volunteers as businesses and charge them for providing a free service to the community. (Volunteers to pay more”, Hume Leader, February 17).
Alan and Elayne Whatman and their small group of enthusiastic members of the Broadmeadows Historical Society must wonder why they bother!
If we’re going to be so businesslike, I’ll charge the council $10 for every time my history is quoted and donate the proceeds to the BHS to cover the extra charges.
If the historical society lost council equipment, one would expect the council to demand compensation.
If an item was irreplaceable, the compensation demanded would be huge.
On the same basis, I could claim compensation for the many items provided to me by descendants of pioneers, the Federal Airports Corporation airport acquisitions map etc, that I donated to the Hume Library Service.

The letter to the Hume Leader left out my calculations of how much my charges for quotes and compensation would be and that when the proceeds were donated to the society it would be able to pay council's outrageous fees for many years to come.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 12 months ago


The nearest swamp to Melbourne was the West Melbourne Swamp and it was a great nuisance causing a huge detour for those wishing to reach the areas to the west of the infant settlement. They had to travel along Macedon road (Mt Alexander Rd) to Braybrook Rd (Buckley St, Essendon)and then,reaching the end of that track, follow a track which led to the present end of Rhonda St where in 1803 an aboriginal fish trap stopped Charles Grimes' progress upstream by boat. This was the original Solomon's Ford,used by settlers such as George Russell of Golf Hill and John Aitken of Mt Aitken,west of Sunbury.

Aitken bought section 8, Doutta Galla, between today's Cannes Avenue and Beatrice Avenue, as a depot where he could rest his stock before taking them to market in Melbourne. When a more direct route became available, this block was leased to such as Robert McDougall,formerly of Cona, Glenroy and later Arundel,Tullamarine.

Eventually the West Melbourne swamp was drained but Dynon Rd was known for many years thereafter as Swamp Road.

Moving towards the Mornington Peninsula, there was a huge swamp in the Carrum hinterland. Just as in the case of the Nile in Egypt,the soil was regularly inundated and top dressed with rich sediments, making the reclaimed swamp a renowned dairying area. James Young of Frankston fame was an early settler, as were the ancestors of Noel McMahen,the champion Melbourne footballer of the 1950's, and the Keys family which was related by marriage to the McMahens and the McMahons (whose hotel near the coast was on the same site and the forerunner of today's Riviera Hotel.)

The network of drains required to drain the run off from the Dandenong area that fed the swamp is best illustrated by the Lyndhurst parish map. (Google LYNDHURST, COUNTY OF MORNINGTON.) The humble Carrum Creek became the Patterson River taking much of the water that used to flow to the sea along Kananook Creek,making that stream the focus of numerous complaints about smell.

The Tootgarook Swamp,fed by run off from Arthurs Seat, stretched from Boneo to Port Phillip Bay where some of the water met breakers opposite the present hospital site. Ned Williams of "Eastbourne" dug the channel between today's Eastbourne Rd and the coast alongside which the Wong-Shing family established the market garden which gave Chinaman's Creek its name. The Crichtons of Glenlee had also made efforts to dispel water from the swamp, one member of the family occupying James Lovie's grants between Browns Rd and the southern part of the swamp.

The early pioneers' chief concern was making a living, ecology not even being on the shopping list. The limeburners cleared all the she-oaks and by disturbing the surface caused a huge ti tree and rabbit infestation in areas they had worked. The aboriginal fire farming had confined ti tree to the coastal fringe; a burn off at least every five years was required to stop the spread of ti tree and this had not been done.After the demand for lime slackened, Sullivan and Stenniken helped the locals, many former lime burners, make a crust by supplying Melbourne bakers with 2 foot 6 inch lengths of fiercely burning ti tree for their ovens.James Little Brown,after whom Browns Rd was named, reclaimed the devasted area in record time from about 1909.

Cameron Brown and his wife are modern-day pioneers, champions of the environment, which had been neglected for so many years. The Shire of Flinders' main concern had been to help ratepayers make a living so they could afford to pay their rates. The shire had so little money that all of Rosebud's public facilities were built on the precious foreshore, there being no such environmental safeguard as the Coastal Strategy which eventually stopped the construction of the Southern Peninsula Aquatic Centre there very recently. A swamp was seen as being of absolutely no value.

A majority of councillors wanted to financially destroy the Browns for having the audacity to oppose an illegally issued extension of a permit for St Elmos Close which intrudes into the Chinamans Creek Nature Reserve (Melway 169 H 6), but was forced to back down on their bid for court costs, denying that was ever their aim.

I'd never heard of the Balnarring wetlands and that's the reason I'm writing this journal, having just read a children's book about it called The Symphony.

The Balnarring Community Wetlands are about 65 km south of Melbourne.

They are reached from a turnoff at Civic Court at Balnarring Village on the Frankston-Flinders Rd.

15 years ago, parents, teachers and community members in Balnarring formed a sub-committee to develop and manage a wetlands site adjacent to the primary school. The Balbirooroo Community Wetlands Management Plan provides strategic direction for both the school and community in their on-going efforts to enhance and manage the wetlands.

Balbirooroo is a tribal language Koori name for Ibis.

Work at the wetlands has included construction and placement of nest boxes in trees, interpretive signage, and provision of habitat for fauna species, e.g. Growling Grass Frogs.

Regular school and community working bees at the wetlands continue the on-going and large scale revegetation efforts to enhance and develop the wetlands

I visited these beautiful Wetlands on Sunday September 27, 2009. My 3 km exploration included the Koorie Trail, the Ian Wisken Wetland Walk, and the Korra Bun-yan Wetland (Growling Grass Frog).

The Wetlands were originally inhabited by the Bunurong People.

The area is quite extensive, 12 hectares, and includes a large Lagoon, smaller lakes and ponds, intrepretative signs, boardwalks, footbridges, bird-hide, lookout, picnic tables, and viewing platforms.

Adjacent to the Wetlands is the old embankment of the disused Bittern-Red Hill Railway, which operated from 1921 until 1953.

For further details about the Wetlands, visit

The Symphony - Paul Dillon - Google Books
Rating: 5 - ‎1 review
Jun 13, 2014 - Wow, that story would make a great film" Yusuf {Cat Stevens} ... This is the profound message of The Symphony by Paul Dillon, a charming ...
The Symphony
Front Cover
Paul Dillon
Serenity Press, 13 Jun 2014 - 118 pages

Each day and night a magical musical symphony is performed under the stars, the sun, and the moon. Each of the animals in the Balbirooroo wetland has a different voice and sound to make in their mysterious orchestra. Every day Sticky Webster, the symphony conductor, weave's a spider's web for each animal in her old gum tree. In the morning the sparkling dew drops settle on each web, and they become the musical notes that each animal is to sing in their part of the symphony. But...... the symphony is suddenly silenced when the oldest frog in the wetland The Balbirooroo Guru informs all the creatures that their water has been poisoned and all of the Pobblebonk frogs have left. Can Five girls, a nosy blue dragonfly, a banjo playing cockatoo, and a young hero frog called Kobi save the Balbirooroo wetland and the symphony........... If not it could even reach you humans too!! '' Wow, that story would make a great film" Yusuf {Cat Stevens}

User Review
Reviewed by Emily-Jane Hills Orford for Readers' Favorite
Music is a metaphor for life and life exists only in harmony with all of nature. This is the profound message of The Symphony by Paul Dillon, a charming book that makes the wholeness of nature into a musical symphony, where all get along, sing along, play along well together, all in harmony. The book also educates the young reader about different living creatures that inhabit a wetland, which has a very delicate ecosystem, and it points out what happens when something careless happens or is done to the wetland, like dumping leftover paint into the water. It affects every living creature and it affects the musical harmony of nature's symphony.
Rose, Lily, Molly, Laila and Shanti are five young girls who value and care deeply for the wetland. They are the ones, the humans that is, who first notice that something is wrong with their precious wetland. When no adult will listen to their concerns, the girls set out on their own to solve the problem. And they do, experiencing countless adventures on their journey, just as the Pobblebonk frogs venture on their own journey to find a safe habitat. The girls' adventure, their attempt to save the wetland, is only taken seriously by the adults when they are missing overnight. When they are found, returning to the wetland with the rescued Pobblebonk frogs, the adults finally listen and share their concern. That is when the wetland's most notable symphony takes form and humans, children and adult, along with all of nature, join together to make beautiful music.
This is an excellent story about ecology and preserving our environment. Paul Dillon, the author, lives near the real Balbirooroo wetland, just outside of Melbourne, Australia, the wetland that makes the backdrop for this story. Combining a love of music with a love of nature, Paul has created a compelling story about the most beautiful music ever performed: the music of life all around us and, for Paul, the music of the wetland. Well done!

The only thing that has moved me as much as this book is DANCING WITH WOLVES. As a kid at Saturday arvo matinees,like all the others, I'd cheer the cowboys/cavalry and boo the injuns and although I'd developed a bit more tolerance, when I watched the said movie, I felt ashamed to be a paleface.

When Cameron Brown was waging his battle to protect the Tootgarook wetlands, I felt great sympathy for him but thought a frog or two didn't matter that much.Paul Dillon's book has certainly changed my tune (or should that be symphony.) Every school should have at least one copy in its library. What better way for children to learn to appreciate the environment and have a very enjoyable and humorous read at the same time.

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 1 month ago