itellya on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
EARLY FISHERMEN XXXXXXXX AUGUST 2010
Before Coppin's town e'er saw a funnel
Men fished the Sorrento Channel:
At Portsea Jack Inglis, before the Watsons, led the way;
When they came he left for Queenscliff across the bay.
Henry and John came in '60, Alex in '62.
Sons of a Banff fisherman, who left the diggings for a trade they knew
And set up at Pt. Franklin to start their piscatorial labour;
Dennis McGrath's cottage housed their only neighbour.
Near The Sisters Scott, Holley, Watts and Stonner the Dane
Caught boatloads of fish time and time again,
With the help of a lookout and signals for detail:
Not getting them to markets fresh the reason they'd fail.
John Watson who'd used a lookout in the first place
Moved in 1873 to the group's West Sister base.
Hutchins came in the 80's, Erlandsen at decade's end.
For near a century Watsons plied the trade they kenned.
Ferrier, Freeman, Bucher by fishing earned a quid
At Rosebud: on the bowls club site Chinese sold their squid.
Lacco whose sons built boats, Jamieson the whaler, Fred the Greek
And Peatey, near whose block runs a drain once called Peatey's Creek.
At Dromana- Pidota,Vine, John McLear, Harry Copp;
Jonah Griffith fished and grew his maize crop.
Jimmy Williams and Harry Cairns transported the catch
To Mornington railhead, timetables to match.
At Flinders there were first fishermen Oriental;
Their dumping at Westernport perhaps instrumental.
Did they think the diggings too far away
And stay in the area to catch squid and cray?
Then Chidgey, Sidella and Mannix from Queenscliff came
And Johansen, Lucas and Kennon, whose Cove keeps his name.
Peter Pidota had a craft to fish
But he’d carry anything you’d wish.
Like wood from up near Dromana’s peak,
Loading near the mouth of Sheepwash Creek.
Walter Gibson carried mail to the Schanck
Jimmy Williams’ and Harry Cairns’ cargo stank,
But their passengers told them, “Thanks,
“Better than the pony owned by Shanks!”
Jimmy sold to Keith McGregor who ran a Ford T van
To Melbourne, which they wanted to ban;
That’s when Spencer Jackson came to the fore.
Later Keith sold to Bill Adams, his Brother-in-law.
You can’t carry horses, at least not very far
So the Pattersons drove Purves’ horses to Kirk’s Bazaar.
Blacks Camp Davey drove a cart for Benjie Shaw, draper,
Before Shaw turned to the guest house caper.
William Cottier liked to pull beers
But also pulled timber for building piers.
Wingy Wilson the bullocky and John Dyson’s cart;
Big businesses grew from humble start.
The Jennings delivered milk from house to house;
They worked early so the milk was cool and grouse.
Sorrento carriers fed their equine staff
With the Patterson and Cairns’ oaten chaff.
At low tide, see the propped- up forty ton craft
Being loaded from dray or raft
With lime (till Lilydale’s quarry killed the trade)
Then ti tree, for baker’s oven made.
Blair’s lime trolley from Kiln to pier
Carrying groceries and Gracefield beer.
The actor’s steam tram ran up Sorrento’s hill;
Harry Watts drove it with a will!
NOTES ON CARRIERS.
To limit the poem to less than 20 pages, only a small selection of those who provided carriage of goods and people are mentioned here. There is enough material to write several more poems on the same topic. For example:
McLear’s bullock team at Dromana, another carter, Len Dunk, who did Jimmy Williams’ fish run at a later time, the men who carted lime and then ti tree to the bay at Rye, the cabbies who carried tourists from Sorrento pier to the Amphitheatre- before, during and after the time of the steam tram and the long-awaited rail service to Red Hill.
Peter Pidota operated in the Dromana area.
Jimmy Williams and his brother Ned lived at Eastbourne (17 William Cres).
They were both bachelors. Jim started his run from West Rosebud.
Harry (Carrier or Rabbity) Cairns had a property at Melway 253 C 10 where Cape Schanck Rd met Boneo Rd. Born in 1861, he was the son of James Cairns who settled at Boneo in about 1854. He apparently lived over the road from his cousin, Hill Harry (son of Robert Cairns born 1867) whose farm was at the corner of Patterson Rd. Rabbity probably made his first pick-up at Cape Schanck, which most likely included crayfish. As his nickname implies, part of his cargo consisted of rabbits, as did Jimmy Williams’.
Going by Shanks’s Pony was an old saying that meant walking.
William Cottier ran the RYE HOTEL at Dromana before the Arthurs Seat and Dromana Hotels were built. It was between Spencer St and the bend in the highway. When Rudduck bought Karadoc in the sale of township land, Cottier, with John Campbell built a hotel of the same name EAST of Napier St in Rye.
Blacks Camp Davey Cairns lived near 259 E4 and Cairns Bay (260 G 12) is named after him.
Wilsons had butchers shops everywhere and the busline still carries the Dyson name.
The opening of the Lilydale quarry affected the demand for Peninsula lime but ti tree was an ideal fuel for bakers’ ovens.
No evidence that the beer had a trolley trip but it is possible.
George Coppin was a famous actor from the gold rush days and his acquaintance with the top flight of society enabled him to sell the idea of an exclusive summer retreat to them.
LIME. XXXXXX August 2010
I wonder if the Fawkner lad, in eighteen zero three,
On sunny day, while digging under spreading she-oak tree,
Observed the white sedimentary rock, while father did his time,
Because John, 36 years on, was advertising lime.
Some men who dug and burnt this rock on hills above the rip,
Such as Ford, Watts and Dillon, had decided to jump ship.
The most westerly when displaced, in 1852, for quarantine,
Were Dennis Sullivan and the first Cannon the heads had seen.
The men who lived at the corner, now braced by timbers high,
Dug lime for Campbell, Youle,and Walker's lime kiln standing nigh.
Then they used their napping tools to break the pieces down.
This isolated back-beach settlement was known as Canvas Town.
The big kiln on the fire station site was owned by merchant Blair
Who, to beat competitors, bought land up everywhere;
His bags of lime put onto trolleys that ran directly to the pier,
Half a block east of the Gracefield pub run by Sullivan, later Mrs Weir.
As the gold rush saw Melbourne's mortar demand becoming even keener
Ti tree began to replace dwindling stands of she- oak/Casuarina.
Women milked the cows , grew veg.,did all the chores around,
While the men dug and burnt the white rock from the ground.
With the roads so bad, Stenniken, Blair and Cain sailed lime up the bay
And returned with goods that would take ages to come by dray;
For Rye's school fence timber, there were agonising waits;
But then they could get luxuries like willow- patterned plates.
Men toiled to chop, dig and fire, jobs never made for ease:
Natives, Chinese, Maoris, Greeks and Portugese.
Sullivan and Page at the end of Weeroona Road;
Albress loaded lime and wood:Webster himself did load!
At last the need for lime declined.
The depression forced them other jobs to find.
Cairns boys born and bred to lime at Boneo,
As farmers, farther south, near Pattersons, did go.
For others, bakers saved the day;
Ti tree was felled and carted to the bay;
Cut in sections two foot six in length
To heat the ovens with fiery strength.
When Dr Blair and the Sorrento-bound came to their cool retreat,
Coppin's tram hauled tourists on rails up the hilly street
From Pier to amphitheatre surf. Later many roads were white
But lime was slippery and sharp on hooves: it really wasn't right.
Land held by owners who were absent,
Smothered by ti-tree growing rampant,
With rabbit burrows everywhere;
Restored by Jim Brown's visionary flair.
NOTES ON “LIME” XXXXXXX August 2010
John Pascoe Fawkner's mother should have been declared Australia's first saint!
Hannah Pascoe had been born into a fairly well-off family, as we shall see later, and little suspected, when she married the silversmith, possibly an apprentice at the time, that a blunder he was to make would estrange her from them. When he was sentenced to transportation, Hannah made the hard decision to farewell her loved ones, and with 12 year old John, join Collins on the voyage to the settlement he was to establish briefly at Sullivan Bay.
In Van Dieman's Land, this Peninsula pioneer lovingly produced a literate son who cared for others, although by the time he was full-grown at 5 foot 2 he was starting to develop the spite which slightly tarnished his accomplishments. To manage this when the boy was surrounded by the dregs of London's slums was indeed a miracle. Melbourne may have been centred on Fisherman's Bend instead of Queen St if it had not been for Hannah's loyalty to husband John. She returned to England to collect an inheritance but came back to her husband; the money probably set young John up in his Launceston newspaper and hotel businesses.(John Batman, who favoured the Fisherman's Bend site had boasted of his land in Fawkner's pub.)
Hannah's son adopted her maiden name as his second name upon her death as a mark of respect for this wonderful woman. I was delighted to have Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16, C/3) so-named to acknowledge her contribution. John Pascoe Fawkner's main contribution, in my opinion, was to be fifty years ahead of the government in providing freehold land for his beloved yoeman farmers. He formed co-operatives to obtain Crown grants at Coburg, Hadfield,Airport West, and at Tullamarine near Mansfields Rd and on Airport land near Melrose Drive.For a small contribution a small plot of land, often 7 acres, was available to anyone near neighbours like Taylor, Robertson and Clarke who had thousands of acres.
Many of the Scandinavian, Greek, Portugese etc pioneers of the area may have jumped ship. Certainly enough pioneers of British stock did so. There may have been crewmen who knew that most of their ship mates would desert and head for the diggings. Perhaps knowing of the lime industry and certain employment, from previous trips, they decided to save days of starvation and a walk back from Melbourne. The Chinese were probably diggers who had landed at Westernport (to avoid restrictions) and had returned to the peninsula because of racial tensions on the goldfields. The Wong family of the east side of Chinamans Creek on Cairns' land may have come in this fashion.
Sullivan was able to move to another family kiln but Cannon seems to have left.
Canvas Town was near the corner of Tasman Drive and Canterbury Jetty Rd. I believe that Youle should properly be Yuille and that a spelling mistake on a document has been perpetuated.
The trolley went through the general store site on the way; there was a branch line so goods for the store could be unloaded without blocking the passage of lime.
Mrs Weir was born a Sullivan.
Ti tree had constituted a minor part of the open parkland that explorers saw; she-oak and Banksia were the common species. The lack of Ti tree was due to burning by the aborigines; a burn at least every five years is needed to stop it getting out of hand. Absentee owners failed to control it.
There were more ship owners of course. It was W.A.Blair and Co that made them wait.
A pioneer in “lime land leisure” said that everyone had these plates.
At the end of Maori Street was the Maori Farm.
Jim Brown came from the mallee and cleared the ti tree jungle to produce rich pastures.
I don't believe in repeating history that's already been written but basically that's what I did in "Canterbury Tales" (okay I copied the title too!) These first two poems were written two weeks after I started researching Peninsula history; I don't mess around!
`GET TO THE POINT AUGUST 2010.
Two creeks joined before they could reach
The breaking waves at Safety Beach:
One is named after Henry Dunn
Who lived on the Survey until 1851.
The creek near Mt. Martha named after Tassell
Now involved in developer financial hassle:
George Peatey was nearby in '59, (160,G/4)
Then owned 100 acres where they now make wine.(160, K/6)
Hume made pipes locally before work was begun
That brought water from Dromana Basin in 1941.
Their aim was as mine; get to the Point-
Past Rosebud and Rye, seal every joint.
Rudduck and Karadoc both mean red breast;
By Nelson's generosity I'm really impressed:
For the church at Rosebud his help was at hand;
For Dromana's hospital he offered more land.
Sarah Ann Cain, lost for four days and five nights
Round mid 1840's, poor little mite.
But rescuers found her; the near dead tot they took
To George Smith's nearby Wooloowoolooboolook. (259,E/4)
Arthurs Seat homestead and schoolhouse by Tuck,
Georgiana's diary, which we still have by luck;
Frenetic efforts by Spencer Jackson
To make Dromana and its mount a tourist attraction.
Boniyong, a run settled by Meyrick
(The spelling of both has changed just a skerrick);
The Cairns family came in 1852;
Some moved to Cape Schanck, Rosebud and further west too.
In foul weather, Vine Bucher and Lacco took a brave stance;
Joe Peters, black fiddler, played music to dance.
These fishers, Cain and Stenniken's craft on the bay
Carrying lime, timber and fish away.
When Owen Cain came, they were fairly alone;
Then he built a fine house by the name of Tyrone,
And the family continued burning the lime:
Cains number one for Rye and the Buds at this time!(2010!)
Dod Jennings played for the Pivot, then tried Camperdown.
Boy if he lost his hat he would frown!
After waiting at Anthonys Nose for the sea to subside
They reached Kariah, fifty years to reside.
Robert Rowley was at the heads, Ford and Sullivan too;
Bullocks, veg and limeburning the things they would do.
John Watts proposed to Jane Skelton when she was one more than five;
Jumped ship (Dromana in a tub) worked lime, wed her in 1865.
Rob Rowley and Clarrie Jennings led Rye Footy Club!
Ford and Purves' petition got a snub:
“ Stop the fence from White Cliff to the surf
“Blast police horses-for our bullocks the turf!”
NOTES ABOUT “GET TO THE POINT”
A. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA Colin McLear
B. ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD Peter Wilson
C.RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 Patricia Appleford
D.JENNINGS: A PIONEERING RYE FAMILY Linda Berndt SOUTHERN PENINSULA NEWS 17-7-2010 P20
E.THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN Betty McMeekin
F. MPNFL “RECORD” TEAMLISTS
G. THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO Peter Wilson.
Numbers relate to verses and letters to sources:
1 a 2a 3b 4ab 5a 6a 7g 8bc 9 cf 10d 11e 12 cb.
Safety Beach was part of Jamieson's Special Survey which went east to Bulldog Creek Rd (161,K/3)
Henry Dunn was there 1846-1851and was followed by Brown-Lee, Marshall and Cottier in 1851, joined by Tassel, Peatey, Griffith/Eatons (1860) Paterson/McLear(1861) and Connell.Cottier soon bought 282 acres bounded by the present Jetty Rd. and Lombardy St. and later built the original Rye
Hotel with John Campbell.
Walter Gibson took over many of their leases as well as buying Cottier's 282 acres between Palmerston Ave and Boundary Rd. He rerouted the last mile of Dunns Creek which originally flowed into the creek in which he washed his sheep. Peatey's 100 acres is now occupied byDromana Estate Winery.
Nelson Rudduck was a leader of the community. The Methodist Church on the Rosebud foreshore became redundant when the United Church was formed and is now a medical centre. The hopital at Dromana was on part of his property, Karadoc” between the highway, Williams St. and Spencer Ave the last street probably being named after Spencer Jackson.
Henry Tuck built the homestead and schoolroom and his son,whose poetry is available at the museum at Sorrento, was born there.
David Cairns settled near Cape Schanck in 1888 and Cairns Bay ( 38 degrees 29 minutes south, 144degrees 57 minutes east ) was named after him according to Eric Bird's website on place names on the coast of Victoria. He also lists Rowley Cove, between Gunnamatta (aboriginal term for sandhills) and Cape Schanck,(38 d 29m south, 144d 53m e).
The Portugese imported African slaves to the Cape Verde Islands. Two descendants of these slaves were involved in our history, Joe Peters at Rosebud and Emanuel De Santo at Rye (Rye P.S. 1667 P117, 121).
Owen Cain,Sullivan and his son-in-law Ford, Skelton,Robert Rowley and his widowed mother-now Mrs Kenyon,and their families would have been, for years,the only residents between the heads and the Tootgarook Run occupied by Edward Hobson and then James Purves.
Michael Cain is No 1 for Rosebud, and Ben Cain wears the same number for Rye.Sorrento's No 1
is Brendan Cairns and other pioneering names listed in Nepean League are Kenyon,Stringer, Eaton, Caldwell,Appleford, Jennings, Dunn,Page and Baxter.
At Anthony's Nose a traveller had two choices: wait for low tide and go along the packed sand or climb Arthurs Seat, from what is now the base of Foote St, on the road to Cape Schanck.
Purves and Ford ,who had 800 bullocks between them,knew that fencing off tharea west of the white cliff would deny them free grazing. They had gone to all their employees and neighbours, most of them lime burners, struggling farmers or in some way obligated to Purves and Ford, to gain their support. An official was sent from the Quarantine Station to speak to the petitioners and found that many of them actually wanted the fence (which was never built anyway.)
ALONG THE BACK TRACK C.1860 AUGUST 2010
Charles Graves (back from Melbourne with goods
To hawk to those further west near she-oak woods)
With Bill, the 22 year old son of his partner, Widow McLear,
Left Bill at “The Willow”; his helper now Godfrey in his tenth year.
The son of Henry “Wingy” Wilson, named for a crushed hand,
A bullocky living on the eastern end of Jamieson's Survey land.
To the north, over yankee Griffith's maize, Charles saw
Big Clarke's wedding present to his son-in-law.
To the left, young Godfrey saw Cottier's hut coming nigh
Now housing a hotel which “Cutter” called the “Rye”.
“Look,” said Charles, “Pidota and Rowley do it tough;”
“The bay at the moment is looking quite rough!”
When they reached The Rocks, Graves headed back
To climb Arthurs Seat on the Cape Schanck track.
“We'll never get through that surf alive
And I'll not wait asleep like Meyrick in 1845!”
As they climbed with Gracefield on their left
Charles exclaimed, “There's a vine up in the cleft!”
“Do you mean the Swamp Village's Fred the Greek?”
Young Wilson asked with tongue in cheek.
So they climbed through Burrell's 12 500 acres,
Dragging logs on downhill slopes as brakers,
Past the back road to Purves' Tootgarook.
Soon, blonde Cairns on their right, left Wooloowoolooboolook.
At the next crossroad right turn and then left;
Graves' handling of the drapery laden cart was deft.
Godfrey saw the smoke, sobbed “Cometh my time!”
Don't panic lad; they're just burning lime.”
We started in Kangerong,
Through Wannaeue travelled along
Features and people of history seein'.
Now we stop as we reach Nepean.
As they turned back to Kangerong
A well-known man came riding strong,
(With five year old Maria), running late.
Godfrey wed Maria in 1878.
NOTES FOR ALONG THE BACK TRACK.
1 Henry Wilson's accident probably happened after Godfrey's marriage but I just had to use
2. The well-known man in verse 9 was Stenniken who lived at Rye but had some land at Melway 151, D/10 near Wilson's 125 acres.
3. The Griffith and Eaton families came from America. W.J.T.Clarke gave the northern part of the Survey, including Wilson's 125 acre lease, to his son-in-law, Bruce. (Bruce Rd.) Big Clarke's land was south of that owned by the family of another son-in-law, Hearn. Clarke's life ended at Hearn's Roseneath in Essendon which was later owned by William Salmon.(28, G/1)
4. Cottier took the name and the licence to White Cliff when he and John Campbell built a hotel there.
5. Peter Pidota was an early fisherman, loading and unloading with the help of Rowley, near Sheepwash Creek.
6. THE ROCKS was an early name for Anthony's Nose. The Cape Schanck track started where Latrobe Pde does today. The name change to Bayview Rd was probably driven by developers wanting to promote the spectacular views.
7. Meyrick fell asleep while waiting for low tide as he made his way to Boneo in 1845.
8. William Grace planted grapes in a hollow in the mountain slope of Gracefield. One of the Sullivans married one of his daughters. He built the Gracefield Hotel which was demolished by the Hunts circa 1927 so they could build the present Rye Hotel. Cottier's hotel was further east.
9. Fred Vine, whose children were possibly sailed to the Dromana School until the Rosebud one opened much later.
10. The Burrells took over the Arthurs Seat Run following the McCraes' departure in 1851.
11. This method of making a safe descent was used well into the 1920's.
12. Hiscock Road, now closed, is shown between Colchester Rd and the street named after the successful butcher known to you as WINGY.
13. The break in Browns Rd at Truemans Rd.
14. Three parish names.
THE IMMEDIATE PURPOSE OF THIS JOURNAL IS TO PROVIDE A MAP SHOWING THESE TWO PROPERTIES TO ACCOMPANY THE OAKLANDS HUNT (2) JOURNAL. SEE ATTACHED PLAN.
The hunt report will be given verbatim except that in brackets after each property will be a Melway reference (so you can follow the hunt's progress as you read) followed by a key number relating to the notes that follow.
Attached is a map which shows some of the properties mentioned but was chosen to detail the locations of St Johns Hill and Kelly's. The right hand side of the map is transposed on Melway map 16.
LET ME KNOW IF I HAVE NOT MENTIONED ANY OF THE NAMES IN THE SURNAME LIST BECAUSE THAT WOULD MEAN I FORGOT TO WRITE SOMETHING THAT I INTENDED TO WRITE. I LISTED THE NAMES BEFORE I WROTE NOTES 1-15.
As the A.R.C. Grand National Meeting was billed for Flemington in the afternoon, it was decided to hunt on the early morning of Saturday.
The meet was fixed for Essendon where about a score of followers, including the Sultan of Johore were assembled at the appointed time. The Master led the way to Tweedside (28 E4; 1.) and hounds were thrown in. Immediately they gave tongue, and followed the line westerly through Mar Lodge (28 D2; 2), Buckley Park, Butzbach (28 B-C2; 3), and on to Skelton park (15 F 12; 4). The North Pole road (5) was crossed into Oak park (15 C12; 6), and from here hounds turned their masks to the north, and, having run through Mr Fox's (15 D-G 10; 7)they led across the Mount Alexander road (8) into Mrs Connor's (15 G6; 9). Thence afterwards they led through Messrs Nash's (15 E6; 10), Crotty's (15 F4; 11), and Harrick's (15 E-H, 1-2; 12) properties, and, on nearing Tullamarine Junction (15 J1), the pack turned east and crossed the Bulla road (13) into Mr G.Williamson's Camp Hill farm (15 K1; 14). Now turning to the south, the chase went through Mr C. Howse's (16 B-C4; 15), the St John's Hill Estate (16 C4-7,D 6-7; 16), thence over what is known as Kelly's Farm (Menara St to Ivan St;16)and finally hounds bowled over their game in Lincoln Park (28 F2) after a very fast eight miles run.(N.B.Everyone had ample time to get to Flemington.)
Amendment-The location of Kelly's Farm was between Bulla Rd (a south easterly continuation of Wirraway Rd) and Arvon-Carnarvon Rd.
1. Tweedside would have been well-known to members of the Oaklands Hunt. The Forrester family had probably owned the property for some time and built the Tweedside house. Alexander (Sandy) McDougall, who was Master of the Oakland Hunt at about this time, before moving to Western Australia, married Jane Forrester in 1888. As I can only have one image per journal, I have attached a land plan showing Tweedside and Mar Lodge, its western neighbour, to a MAR LODGE AND TWEEDSIDE journal. I believe the Forresters built a new house in Forrester St, which was declared in 1890, and leased out the old Tweedside homestead. Margaret Forrester was probably Jane's mother.
2.Mar Lodge, whose subdivision included Hedderwick and McCracken Sts, was granted to James Robertson senior of Upper Keilor. Upon his death James Junior inherited Upper Keilor and Spring Hill, where he built Aberfeldie after his mother's death. Another son Francis, a politician and bachelor, inherited Mar Lodge and built its homestead in which he died many years later. There have been claims that the McCrackens, relatives through marriage and later owners, bestowed the farm's name but the death notice for Francis showed that it already had the name.The McCrackens were keen golfers and had a course on Mar Lodge for some time.
3. Butzbach was, as you would have guessed, a German name, and it would be no surprise that it was granted to William Hoffman and that its western boundary was Hoffmans Rd. Butzbach extended halfway to Lincoln Rd and adjoined Mar Lodge. Hoffman at first leased the property to Alexander Earle McCracken who built the first house and barns etc on the property but had to return to the Ardmillan Estate in Scotland because of his wife's ill health. At about the time of the hunt, the home was possibly being occupied by the Crofts who renamed it Buckley Park, leading the report's writer to think that they were two different properties. The house was most likely between the bend in Price St and Croft St.
4. John Beale owned all but the south east quarter of 11B Doutta Galla when he subdivided it. This crown allotment, bounded by Clark Rd, Rachelle Rd, Buckley St and Milleara Rd, was granted to J.P.Fawkner, who bought it on behalf of a co-operative so that his beloved farmers could obtain freeholds. Dr Crooke's sanatorium and John Duhey had occupied a fair proportion of 11B before Beale bought it. He called it SHELTON (not Skelton)but the writer was not the only one to make this mistake. John gave the same name to his house in Ardmillan Rd and the directory and/or Essendon rate collector made the same mistake.
5. Milleara Rd was called North Pole Rd until 1947. See the North Pole Rd, Braybrook Township journal.
6. By the time of the hunt, the Dodds and Delaheys, related by marriage, owned all the land west of Milleara Rd from the estate with streets named after cricketers right down to Buckey St. One of the Dodds had bought Keilor Binn Farm, the original part of Brimbank Park and his wife had insisted on changing the name to Brimbank. The Dodd- Delahey land west of Westleigh Pl.-Arcade Way was known as Oakleigh Park originally and then "The Oaks"; I have never seen it called Oak Park. As the family members grew older, they leased land to Cr John Fox (for his dry cows) and Marino Lauricella (a market gardener whose cart was once smashed by a train as he was crossing the Albion-Jacana line), after whom Lauricella Ave was named.
7. The land between Webber Pde and Spring Gully was leased quite early by Laurence Kelly who had married Margaret Fox in Ireland in 1854. I believe that Margaret was the aunt of Michael Fox who arrived in 1866; Michael married Rose Reilly and one of their daughters was named Margaret. By 1900, Michael owned this land as well as Barbiston in Tullamarine. Michael's son John was a councillor representing the Doutta Galla ward and was one of the few Keilor Councillors to support Tullamarine's 1926 proposal to relocate the Newmarket saleyards to Tullamarine. Michael Fox lived in his house on the corner of Milleara and Keilor Rd (possibly the old North Pole Inn) until his death in 1918.John Fox sold land to T.M.Bourke for a railway station in 1928; what a pity the line has never been used for passenger services as the real estate firm envisaged! John later sold the rest of the property to Ansair.
8. Keilor Rd was called Mt Alexander Rd for abour 50 years.
9.Owen Connor and Patrick Phelan were spirit merchants related by marriage who were bankrupted because of land speculation. Phelan lost Spring Park and Connor lost Keilor Binn Farm. By a shrewd move Springfield was saved from sequestration and remained a Connor property. However in 1900 the McNamaras were leasing Springfield and
Spring Park so the quarry would have dashed north pretty close to Collinson street, Keilor Park which cut through 160 acres owned in 1900 by Sarah, the (widow/sister daughter?) of William Connor.
10.The Nash farm was on the east side of the Foster Rd bridge and straddled the creek.Thomas Nash bought the farm a few years before this hunt took place after leasing Hillside from the Sharps. It was the 150 acre farm on which Edward Cahill had been assessed in 1868. Thomas was most likely a son of Charles Nash and Mary (Gage) who had Fairview, Bayview and a paddock for dry cows near Farnes' Corner (Mansfields/McNabs Rds) in Tullamarine. Thomas also owned 188 acres north of the Keilor Park Recreation Reserve.
11.Tullamarine Park Rd is the main thoroughfare of the industrial estate now occupying Broomfield, the farm on which Maurice Crotty settled in about 1860 after moving from Brannigan's St Johns Hill at Melway 384 J5. He built the original house across Tullamarine Park Rd from Allied Drive and pocketing part payments from insolvent speculators, he built a new house on the site of the Honda Riding school in about 1890. His sister was Bridget Madden whose family ran the Inverness Hotel for at least a decade and his niece, Margaret, married H.H.Daniel of Narbonne. It was not a coincidence that he settled on Broomfield; his father-in-law, McCormack, had a farm called Chesterfield between a westerly extension of Sharps Rd and Annandale Rd to and including the present Star Trak land. See FOSTER, SHARP, CROTTY journal.
12. The southern 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine was sold on 25-9-1867 to D.T.Kilburn. This was west of Broadmeadows Rd, north of Sharps Rd and went north as far as a line indicated by the Janus St/Catherine Ave midline. The northern 240 acres (to Post Office Lane)included about 60 acres across Bulla Rd, but was mainly purchased by Methodists such as Charles Nash, with his Bayview occupying about half of this area which today includes Trade Park. Kilburn called his farm Fairfield and it appears that David Milburn was leasing it in 1868. James Harrick was occupying Fairfield by 1893 and in 1910 sold the eastern 200 acres to George Mansfield who built the Dalkeith homestead on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave in the same year. The western half of Fairfield became Michael Reddan's Brightview.
13.Bulla Rd has been called successively Macedon Rd, Deep Creek Rd, Bulla Rd, Lancefield Rd and Melrose Drive. Much of the road was closed in 1943 (Essendon Aerodrome expansion) and circa 1965 (Melbourne Airport construction.)
14. Camp Hill originally went west to Broadmeadows Rd but the part west of Macedon Rd (see 13) was sold by Eyre Evans Kenny quite early and a subdivision called Gretna Green was advertised but obviously flopped as the 89 acres became Mansfield's Triangle for many decades. Joe Thomas was the last owner of the triangle before a subdivision was helped by the establishment of the Caterpillar plant in the mid 1950's.
Thus Camp Hill, as described in the hunt report was east of Bulla Rd with Camp Hill Park indicating its northern extent (adjoining Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint)and an easterly extension of Sharps road to the Moonee Ponds Creek forming its southern boundary (adjoining South Wait and St John's grant, section 23 Doutta Galla.)
Occupants of Camp Hill were Brown (Mrs Alfred Deakin's father) 1863-7, Hay Lonie by 1877,who leased it to the Williamsons in 1882 when he moved to Valley Field, Thomas and Augustine Gilligan, from the Bulla area, who bought it in 1904 if my memory is correct, W.R.Morgan from 1912, Scott by 1935 (who renamed it Gowanbrae), Bruce Small, to whom Malvern Ave owes its name and finally Neil Cowan who ran a dairy farm until Stanley Korman bought the farm.
Other properties known to have been farmed by the Williamsons are James Sharp's Hillside and the part of Leslie Banks now occupied by the Keilor Park Recreation Reserve (the homestead being on the site of the tennis courts.) I have a suspicion that I have seen reference (possibly in an early Oaklands Hunt report) to them being on Kilburn's Fairfield, perhaps before Harrick.
15. The first reference I saw to South Wait was in George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952. George described it as being on the east side of Bulla Rd south of the bridge and mentioned the slaughteryards that Jack Howse ran there.Neither George nor his brother, Sid, had any idea of how the farm's name originated.
The Howse family had been in the area very early and probably built the Travellers Rest Hotel, which was destroyed by fire in 1899. This hotel sat on 10 acres of 22C Doutta Galla, granted to J.P.Fawkner, bounded by Louis St, Dromana Ave, Matthews Ave and a line just south of Rood Road (possibly so-named because there was one rood or quarter acre between it and the boundary.)
Broadmeadows' ratebook of 1900 shows that John B. Howse was leasing 110 acres, Deep Creek Road, from W.Greyden, who was obviously an executor of John Hall (the grantee) or an assignee due to insolvency, as Jack was leasing South Wait from the Estate of the late John Hall in 1910. South Wait consisted of 22 B and D of Doutta Galla, whose eastern boundary is indicated by the Elysee Crt/ Vickers Ave midline in Strathmore Heights.
The farm's strange name may not have been coined until 1928 when the Albion-Jacana line was built. The original bridge over the line would not have been very wide and there may have been a rule that vehicles coming from the south had to give way. Such a rule would make sense because vehicles heading towards Melbourne would have mainly been heavily laden and needing to get to the pig market (Royal Melbourne Hospital), Haymarket (Dental Hospital) etc in good time, while the return trip would have no such urgency.
The Cock and Howse families were related by marriage.
16. St John's Hill and Kelly's. (From page 92, EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)
Thomas Kelly leased 200 acres of Section 23 from Henry Mawbey on 1-6-1871. The lease was for 5 years at a rental of 200 pounds per annum. On 23-2-1875 William George Lempriere leased St John's farm of 310 acres to Thomas Kelly.On the next day Kelly's lease from Mawbey was cancelled, the latter's ownership having passed to Lempriere, and Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 1/2 acres of section 23. St John's Farm (St John's Hill) was later owned by Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" and the 200/ 206 1/2 acre property (Kelly's) by Robert McDougall of Arundel and Warlaby. Thus, on Section 23 Doutta Galla, Stevenson and McDougall were neighbours as Harry Peck put it when describing their animosity to each other because of their preferred strain of shorthorn cattle. Note the unusual boundary on the map between St Johns Hill and Kelly's purchase.
After reading the hunt report again, I found it strange that the quarry would run through Strathmore North and with no further descriptions of properties) finish up at Lincoln Park; the obvious course would be down the east side of Bulla Rd through section 16 Doutta Galla with its diamond shaped pattern of (Government) subdivision with roughly 20 acre blocks sold circa 1862 in Broadmeadows shire and 1865 in Keilor Shire. My "Early Landowners: Doutta Galla" showed that the same Thomas Kelly had land in the Essendon Division of Broadmeadows Shire with a nett annual value of 134 pounds, probably close to the 199 acres that John S.Kelly (of Blair and sons) was assessed on in 1920. This would have been Kelly's Farm and the fox would have scampered down the hill between Bulla Rd and Lincoln Rd (as Carnarvon Rd was called at the time) to the Essendon Crossroads. The previous guess about the location of Kelly's farm will be left in the journal because it contains valuable titles information and as a warning not to jump to conclusions , as I did.
Any family historian who has moved house will understand what prompted this journal. You have a book or notes but in which of 25 boxes did you put them. Neil Mansfield wanted information from "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" about John Bethell because finding his copy would have taken days (and weeks to repack the boxes.) I thought that I might as well kill two birds with the one stone by including this information in a journal. I have quoted Andrew Lemon's words as much as possible, using comments in brackets to add context or further information. John Bethell was one of the few pioneers to get a mention, but I think you will agree that there is not much meat there for a family historian. It was precisely because so many pioneers were not acknowledged and the detail, about many of those that were, was so vague that I decided to write history for family historians. That was the sole aim of DHOTAMA (DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND.) This detail will be supplied later (from trove, dhotama and Neil's book) but let's see what Andrew Lemon had to say about William and John Bethell.
BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.
Incidental details about the Bethells as witnesses in a continuing conflict between Constable King and his superior officer.
P.1. William Bethell, whose job it was to bring the mail on horseback to the (Broadmeadows) township (heard the argument between Senior Constable McCarthy and his wife.)
P.2. On Thursday 17 December-four days earlier- William Bethell's brother, John, who was a chemist and storekeeper in the town, complained to Senior Constable McCarthy that a drunken woman was roaming the town, using bad language and exposing some nameless but unacceptable portion of her anatomy.
p.3-4. John Bethell (returning from Melbourne to the township)travelling on the same cart (as Snr. Const. McCarthy and his wife)noticed only that, near Essendon, Constable King rode up on horseback and exchanged a few words with McCarthy.But there were awkward scenes that John Bethell did notice.
P.9. Similarly it (1857 Census) found one storekeeper, even though John Bethell, the chemist and Peter Mitchell described themselves as such to the police.
P. 25. The first sale of blocks of land at the Government township at Broadmeadows took place on 16-5-1850. --
Between 1852 and 1855 there were further sales until almost all of the allotments were sold.--- While there were names of subsequent residents on the first sales lists- such as Peter Mitchell, John Bethell, J.Bryan , W. Gilmore and Enoch Reynolds- there were numerous investors etc.
(Jane Bryant bought the block on which her Victoria Hotel was built just up Ardlie St from the Broady.
I was silly enough to accept Lemon's version, Gilmore, when I asked the developers of the Alanbrae Estate on "Willowbank", across Kenny St from the township, to name streets after pioneers, which they did. The family is related to my maternal line, Cock, (okay, you can stop giggling now)and my family historian brother swears that the correct spelling is Gilmour.)
P.44. (Re land values in 1863)---while the Broadmeadows hotel which William Chadwick rented from John Bethell was valued at 86 pounds a year. (Most houses had a Nett Annual Value of 5 or 10 pounds.)
P.47. Broadmeadows Township came within the parish of Will Will Rook and was represented on the first Road Board by that enterprising townsman, John Bethell, who had started in the township with just one block of land, but as a storekeeper and possibly the town's first postmaster, he soon consolidated his position. By 1863 he was the owner of six buildings there, the chief of which was the hotel. (The meeting at which the Road Board was inaugurated- more likely a resolution was passed to request establishment of a road district- was held on 15-4-1858 at a Free Presbyterian church almost opposite the gates of "Dunhelen".)
P. 54-5. In 1864, Hugh Brown, A Tullamarine farmer, resigned as Chairman, and with John Bethell and James Machonochie , he resigned from the Road Board.
(Hugh Brown was on Camp Hill and his year old daughter became a Prime Minister's wife; see Notes re Tullamarine journal. James Machonochie was on Stewarton, the 777 acres of today's Gladstone Park/Gardens north of the Mickleham Rd/Lackenheath Drive corner.)
P. 63. There were still two hotels (circa 1880)- the Victoria was burnt down in 1879 but since about 1870, the town had a new hotel, the Franklin. John Bethell, ever improving himself, had retired to England, where he still received the rent from his bakery and hotel. (Baker/publican, Henry Franklin, may have been a friend or relative of John Bethell as they were jointly assessed on a house.)
Well, that might provide about three sentences for the Bethell family history!
DHOTAMA.As much of the information in my dictionary history came from local histories, much of it appears above. Andrew Lemon gives the impression that Henry Franklin built the bakery on the uphill corner of Fawkner and Bent Streets (which was extended as Franklin's Hotel) but John Bethell built a bakery much earlier. The 1863 rates show that John Bethell owned three houses, John Arnott's bakery and another house occupied by Alexander Coghill in the parish of Tullamarine (west of the bridge.)This original bakery would have been east of the bridge in the parish of Will Will Rook and was probably between John Bethell's Broadmeadows Hotel and Jane Bryant's Victoria Hotel a few blocks up the Ardlie St Hill. An earlier association between Henry Franklin and John Bethell seems to be indicated by their "joint occupancy" of a house in 1880 as mentioned above. IS IT POSSIBLE THAT JOHN BETHELL VISITED THE OLD COUNTRY RATHER THAN RETURNING THERE FOR GOOD? Incidentally, I also wonder if Arnott's biscuits were first baked in Broadmeadows Township!
John Bethell certainly did return to his place of birth in the latter half of 1865 but was back in Broadmeadows to chair Rev. Stair's farewell in 1866, as shown by later TROVE information. However there is little personal information about John following that year. There is no indication that he married and no mention of him after 1866. I wonder if he inherited his parents' estate, met his future bride during his 1865 visit and returned to marry her a year later after settling his affairs in Broadmeadows. It is also possible that he relocated to a nearby area such as Ivanhoe!
The mail contract that William (and Edmund) carried out had the following schedule. Leave Melbourne 7:30 a.m., arrive Broadmeadows 10:30, leave Broadmeadows 2:30p.m., arrive Melbourne 5:30 p.m. No doubt this involved full days and sore bums.
By 1860, William had bought, from William Smith,the bluestone store which was to be a landmark in Bulla Township for a further 130 years until it was destroyed by fire. Luckily I.W.Symonds had sketched it for his "Bulla Bulla" and perhaps the Broadmeadows or Sunbury Historical Societies have a photograph.
DETAIL ABOUT WILLIAM BETHELL'S STORE ON LOT 5 OF SECTION 8, TOWNSHIP OF BULLA AND LAND IN THE OAKLANDS AND GREEN GULLY SUBDIVISIONS (OWNED BY MARIA AND ELIZABETH) WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE IF REQUESTED. I ALSO HAVE A MAP IN DHOTAMA SHOWING A TRIANGULAR BLOCK OF LAND ON THE NORTH CORNER OF SUNBURY AND LOEMANS RD THAT WILLIAM OWNED.
"The Shire That Took Off", an unpublished history of Bulla Shire which I perused in the local history room at the Sam Merrifield Library (Moonee Ponds), stated that William Bethell became a foundation member of the Bulla Roads Board at the meeting at the Deep Creek Inn on 23-10-1862.
William Bethell was appointed as the poundkeeper at Bulla, a job he had carried out at the time of his marriage in England.
THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY.
While searching for information about the obscure John Bethell, I found a post by Neil Mansfield which contains much of the Bethell genealogy found in his splendid book. IF you google BETHELL, BULLA, it will be found on the first page under the title of J.
Neil's contribution to the recording of Bulla's history is extraordinary; as well as his 700 + page THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY, he has provided a fantastic website on the Bulla cemetery (as well as other cemeteries.) The Manfields were related by marriage to many Bulla, Tullamarine Island and Greenvale pioneering families, including the descendants of William Bethell.
As the information under J is rather clinical, I will provide some information from the book (pages 76 to 83.) Firstly, there are photos of William Bethell, his wife, and his daughter who married Henry Mansfield. Two Mansfields married William's daughters and another married his grand daughter.
The Bethells were Cheshire cats (in groovyspeak!) John Bethell, born about 1800, married Ruth Shaw in about 1822. Their oldest son, John(the Broadmeadows pioneer) was born in about 1823, William was born in 1825 and Edmund in 1831, by which time the family was in Lancashire. As stated previously, no evidence has been found that John Bethell married. It is unlikely that Edmund married.
My dictionary history records that Edmund Bethell died on 28-5-1864.Stupidly, I did not state the source of this information, but the detail almost certainly came from his headstone at Will Will Rook cemetery (Camp Rd.)Strangely, the death notice gives his name as Edward! This can be found in the TROVE detail which follows, as can William's transfer of the Bulla-Melbourne mail run to EDMUND in 1857 and the possibility of Edmund being too fond of drink.Neil does not mention when Edmund came to Australia, but it is likely that he came out with trailblazer, William, in 1856. The trove entry mentioned before makes it apparent that William obtained the mail contract soon after arrival in 1856; the transfer to Edmund was reported on 20-1-1857.
William married 17 year old Frances(Fanny) Barker on 18-6-1846 in Warrington, Cheshire. His occupation was given as poundkeeper, a job he later had at Bulla. A decade later, William went to Australia to see if it was a good place to settle his family. It was, but within a year William had little cause to grin like a Cheshire cat. (Sorry, my warped sense of humour made me do it!)
While William was carrying out the mail contract, possibly with Edmund's help, Frances became impatient and set sail on the Great Britain in February, 1857. (The book states 1856 in other references.) At about the same time, probably soon after 20-1-1857 when the mail contract was transferred to Edmund, William returned to bring his family out. You guessed it. William's ship passed the Great Britain en route and on arrival he discovered this fact and returned pronto. On his return, his wasted fare and time would have seemed insignificant compared with the information that his two sons had died during the voyage.
Neil states that John Bethell accompanied William's wife and three children on the Great Britain which left England in February 1857. (He otherwise states 1856.) However, I believe that William, John and Edmund must have all come out together in 1856. To be appointed the Secretary of a committee by 13-10-1856 (see TROVE), one would assume that John had been in Broadmeadows for some time! Was John Bethell's name on the Great Britain's passenger list?? It would have been nigh impossible for the Broadmeadows pioneer to leave for England after 13-10-1856 and arrive in time for the Great Britain's departure.
John,William and Edmund Bethell had at least one other sibling, a brother. He and a brother of William's wife, Frances, left Liverpool for America and were not heard of again.
William and Frances Bethell's children were: William, Benjamin (both died on the voyage), Sarah (survived the voyage), and (born at Bulla), Elizabeth, Maria, Frances Ann, Edith Ruth and Alice Evelyn.Much genealogical detail can be given if requested. (Check in J first.)
TROVE. A BETHELL CHRONOLOGY FROM THE ARGUS.
13-10-1856. John Bethell had been appointed as secretary to a committee aiming to secure the election of Mr McGregor as a member for East Bourke. The first name on the committee was Donald Kennedy Of Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill who with his brother Duncan owned all of Glenroy and most of the land between Broadmeadows Township and present-day Greenvale.
20-1-1857.The contract for the conveyance of mail between Bulla and Melbourne had been transferred from William Bethell to Edmund Bethell.
28-3-1859 (also 5-11-1861). Edmund Bethell in court charged with drunkenness.
3-7-1862. John Bethell and Joseph Samuel Close were the executors of the late Edward Gideon Jones, pianoforte maker of Broadmeadows.
27-1-1864. Some of John Bethell's land purchases in Broadmeadows Township.
30-4-1864.John was the electoral registrar atBroadmeadows and William at Bulla.
30-5-1864.Edward Bethell died on 28-5-1864 at Broadmeadows of consumption, aged 32.
4-3-1865. George Couser of Broadmeadows had been appointed as electoral registrar for the Broadmeadows Division of East Bourke and of the south province during the absence on leave of John Bethell .
30-5-1865. William Bethell was the electoral registrar at Bulla.
3-7-1866. John Bethell, a member of the congregation took the chair for a farewell to Rev.J.B.Stair in the Church of England schoolroom. (This may have been in the church but it was probably in a C of E school built on Mr Raleigh's land if my memory is correct.)
29-1-1872. William Bethell arrived on the Aggamemnon as a cabin passenger on November 7. (This may have been another William Bethell!)
9-8-1876. William Bethell had been elected as auditor of Bulla Shire.
23-1-1880. Nothing to do with the Bethells but discovered while searching GEORGE BETHELL. The Reddans were pioneers of Bulla of similar status to William Bethell and William would have known Michael Reddan well. Michael was run down by a train at North Melbourne Station!
4-12-1882. William Bethell had died at his Bulla Residence on 1-12-1882, aged 57.He was the electoral registrar at the time.
6-1-1883. With William having recently died, it was no surprise that his widow, Frances, was appointed deputy registrar of births and deaths for Bulla. It was a great surprise to see that her late husband had been followed as electoral registrar by GEORGE BETHELL. I believe, after much time searching, that there was no such person. I initially thought that a sibling of John, William and Edmund may have settled in Victoria and gone to Bulla to support his bereaved sister in law. I am willing to bet that the new registrar was the grocer and electoral registrar at Broadmeadows, George Couser.
15-3-1902. On 14 March, Frances, widow of the late William Bethell had died at her Bulla residence aged 74.
TWO MORE OF WILLIAM BETHELL'S SIBLINGS?
In an effort to find mention of the Broadmeadows' pioneer, John,who was apparently absent from Australia, I tried some old U.K. records. John seems to have had an older sister and a brother who married three years after William near Liverpool and may have been the one who went to America with the brother of William's wife. It seems that William named his daughter,Elizabeth, after an aunt.
BAPTISM, 19 MARCH, 1819, ST ELPHIN, WARRINGTON, LANCASHIRE;
ELIZABETH BETHELL, DAUGHTER OF JOHN BETHELL AND RUTH; ABODE, BRIDGE ST; OCCUPATION, WATCHMAKER; BAPTISED BY J.TOPPING, CURATE. (REGISTER, BAPTISMS 1818-1822, PAGE 63, ENTRY 497; SOURCE LSD FILM 1562960.
LANCASHIRE ONLINE PARISH CLERK PROJECT.)
LIVERPOOL JOURNAL, FEBRUARY 17 1849.
3RD INST, ST JAMES CHURCH, STOCKPORT,
THOMAS, SON OF THE LATE JOHN BETHELL OF WARRINGTON TO HANNAH, ELDEST DAUGHTER OF THOMAS DEAN OF ASHTON-ON -MERSEY, CHESHIRE.
Wasn't it 1849 that the California gold rush started? I wonder if any of Thomas Dean's descendants ran the hotels at Moonee Ponds and Bulla. It looks as if going from Cheshire to Lancashire was as simple as crossing a bridge.If my memory of my googling is correct, a James Bethell was a master (Weaver?) in Stockport and employed
92 women but a Bethell woman was in the workhouse.
TOMORROW, I PROMISE! I'VE HAD ABOUT TEN 3 A.M. NIGHTS IN THE LAST FORTNIGHT AND I'M BUSHHHHED!
ARGUS 7-7-1903, PAGE 8.
Milleara Rd was still called North Pole Road until the 1940's. This name came about because of the West Melbourne Swamp. Eventually a road, called Swamp Road in directories, passed through this area; it was renamed Dynon Rd. In the squatting era, travellers from Melbourne wishing to cross the Saltwater River used to head up Flemington Hill and, continuing to the future site of Pitches' hotel and St John's church,turn left into Braybrook Road (Buckley St.) This led to Solomons Ford (at the western end of Canning St- WRONG-SEE COMMENT 1.)and having crossed there, they could head toward Geelong (as George Russell of Golf Hill would) or west (as John Aitken of Mt Aitken would.) Solomons ford was so-named because the Solomons held land on both sides of the river.John Aitken was the grantee of Section 8, Doutta Galla (where the river makes its closest approach to Buckley St), and probably used it as a holding paddock where sheep being driven to market in Melbourne could regain condition.
As this was a busy route, the Braybrook Township was declared in 1850. As with most townships, it straddled the stream, being located in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw. Due to Raleigh's Punt (1850), Lynch's Punts and Brees' bridge at Keilor(1854), traffic on this route fell dramatically and North Braybrook Township was occupied by small farmers, such as Clancy, who were being bullied by Thomas Derham of the Braybrook (Tottenham)Hotel in 1869.
A directory covering the Cut Cut Paw area, perhaps Braybrook Junction (Sunshine)mentioned a road called Pole Rd; this was probably Duke St. This leads me to believe there were poles on the north and south sides of Solomons ford to indicate its location.
EXTRACTS FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA".
BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Buckley St. west of the railway line used to be called Braybrook Rd. until 1878. This was because early travellers to Geelong had to bypass the West Melbourne swamp and would go along Buckley St. and once over Spring Gully take a beeline to the west end of Canning St. where Solomons Ford was located. John Aitken would have been one of the first to use this route regularly; once across, he followed the Kororoit Creek to Mt. Aitken. When township reserves were being declared, the rudimentary Keilor bridge, the next common crossing, was being washed away just about every time it rained and Raleigh hadn’t started his punt so the ford seemed a pretty good place for a township.
A map of the township found on P.32 of SOLOMON’S FORD by V.J.Jones shows the township in 1869. The part south of the river was bounded by Duke St., Ballarat Rd., and Ashley St. The junction of Alexander and Glenside Sts. was the township’s north eastern corner.
Some have claimed that the later ford at the end of North Rd was the Solomon’s Ford about which George Russell wrote in reference to his original 1836 route to his “Golf Hill” reached via Geelong. It is funny that no mention was made of other nearby fords in 1879. Portion of Michael Clancy’s evidence at the enquiry into closed roads follows and Clancy’s grants are outlined on the Township map. I believe Valentine Jones’ version of where Solomon’s Ford was located!
Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy’s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim’s crops. Derham had Clancy’s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.
(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine,
south of McIntyre’s “Riversdale”.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKenna’s closer settlement farm.
18 D. NORTH POLE FARM. South of Keilor Rd., lot D was bounded by Webber Pde., roughly Woorigoleen Dr. and North Pole (Milleara) Road. Consisting of 180 ¾ acres, it was granted to Joseph Hall. It was sold to John Corcoran in 1864. Lot D was called North Pole Farm; it is unknown whether the road or the farm had the name first. Peter Somerville believes that North Pole Road got its name because of the icy winds that blew up it but my memory tells me that there was a Pole Road in the Footscray directory.
If this is correct, there may have been a pole in the 1840’s to indicate the location of Solomons Ford (west of Canning St Avondale Heights), with the approach from Geelong called Pole Rd and that from Mt Macedon (Keilor) Rd called North Pole Rd.
Keilor’s 1868 rates show that John Corcoran had 183 acres. The extra 2 acres resulted from a mistake perpetuated since at least 1859, when 18D and the North Pole Inn was advertised for sale. It was probably Corcoran who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm.
On 6-6-1850, Joseph Hall sold 18 D to James Laverty for the remarkably low price of L198/16/6 (M 845). About four years later Springfield, only 5/6 the size of 18D, sold for 7000 pounds (15 593). Why?
The gold rush had started. Also Brees Bridge, built in 1854, made the Keilor route more popular than the Bulla one for diggers bound for Mt Macedon, and attracted those headed to Ballarat who would previously have used Raleigh’s Punt (Maribyrnong). The bridge allowed Cobb and J.M.Peck’s newly established coachline a secure crossing and farms along this road had a ready market for their hay and other produce. For example, David Milburn, Victoria’s first irrigator of Grange Farm west of the river, was called Basket Davie by the diggers.
Hall was not to know what the future would hold and he probably needed cash after buying Purnell’s grant (22B) at Tullamarine for 200 pounds on 5-3-1849 (6 112). With the addition of 22D, granted on 17-7-1866, this became South Wait.
Laverty mortgaged 18D to Hall (M 846 and M847) and on 9-8-1852, 18D as well as lot 6 of section 12 were reconveyed from Hall to Laverty for L152 plus L50 (Q 632).
Two interesting features of this memorial are that the creek was called Steel’s Ponds and that the measurements were given in chains, poles and links. I would assume, because a chain equals 100 links and a pole was greater than 13 links, that a pole was equivalent to 20 or 25 links.
Laverty must have been struggling because he mortgaged 18D several times:
to Charles Payne for 400 pounds on 21-3-1853 (V 779),
to John Catto for 1000 pounds on 1-2-1855 (23 110),
and to Robert Stirling Anderson, with Tourrourrong section 19, for 240 pounds on 13-6-1858.
The first and second series indexes for James Laverty record no sale of 18D, so it looked as if we would have to accept Angela Evans’ claim that John Corcoran bought North Pole Farm in 1864*. Keilor’s ratebook of 1868 shows that John Corcoran owned 183 acres, (an error probably started by the rate collector in transcribing 180.3.0).
However the Laverty memorials revealed some interesting information, compensating for my inability to find his sale of 18D.
Firstly, he was associated with Messrs Phelan and Connor, explaining why he bought a property only ½ mile west of Spring Park. Secondly, he owned lots 5, 6, 22 and ½ acre of lot 21 of John Pinney Bear’s subdivision of allotment 7 of section 5 Doutta Galla. Lots 5 and 6 were between Mt Alexander Rd and the n/w third of the parallel section of the un-named but 40 ft wide Hinkins St, and contained the Harvest Home Hotel. Moonee Ponds obviously wasn’t yet used as a locality name as the land was described as a parcel of McKay’s (McNae’s) farm near Flemington. Laverty leased the hotel and other land to Charles Notley, on 29-12-1856, at 200 pounds p.a. (48 880).
Laverty mortgaged lot 6 in section 12 to A.F.Dougall for 600 pounds on 28-10-1858 (66 404). As this mortgage did not include 18D, I suspected that R.S.Anderson might have gained possession of it; investigation proved otherwise but did help me discover that George Kirk purchased land where the Dundas family had their Dynon Rd factories.
*While attempting to trace ownership of Alex Blair’s purchase in section 12, I discovered that John Corcoran bought 18D of 180 ¾ acres from John Catto for 715 pounds on 6-12-1864 (170 752).
On 2-11-1870, aged about 50, John agreed to sell the land to his sons Andrew, Dennis and John Jun. and the conveyance was finalised on 21-2-1872. John must have been ill as he died soon after, on 28-5-1878. (Keilor Pioneers etc.” A.Evans.)
By 1888, John Pinney Bear, who had owned 18C since 1852, contracted to sell that block and 18D to speculator, G.W.Taylor, for 34 350 pounds (347 14). Michael Fox probably bought 18C and 18 D soon after the depression started in 1892 and ruined G.W.Taylor’s hopes of quick profit. Michael lived in his house on the corner of North Pole Rd and Keilor Rd until his death on 4-9-1918. The family retained ownership and Michael’s son ,John, sold land (to T.M.Bourke?) for a railway station in 1928 according to Ray Taylor, a resident of Keilor Park from 1955. Ray also said that John Fox sold land to Ansair. It went south to Clarks Rd and east to Steeles Creek.
THE NORTH POLE INN.
The arguments for this inn’s location being on the west corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds are presented under the heading of Hotels and Early Names before section 17.(SEE END OF JOURNAL.) The electoral roll shows that Edward Fegan was leasing the inn in 1856. In the same roll, James Laverty, of Keilor Rd, was said to have owned a hotel called the Harvest Home Hotel, supposedly in Keilor Road. This could have been Laverty’s earlier name for the North Pole, but it was more likely the hotel of that name, near the south corner of Dean St, Moonee Ponds, which Laverty leased to Notley at the end of 1856. It could not have been the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve site*, which a memorial of 1854 called the Springfield Hotel. Laverty had probably been leasing 18D from Joseph Hall by 1849, when Wilson’s directory gave his address as Springs, Keilor Rd. (Springs and then Springfield in 1856 were names used to describe the area near Steele’s chain of ponds.) Laverty bought the allotment in 1850 and probably built the hotel.
(* Mentioned by W.O’Donnell to Garnet Price in about 1950.)
On 22-6-1859 the Argus carried this advertisement:
THIS DAY. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. THE NORTH POLE PUBLICHOUSE, PRODUCING 150 POUNDS PER ANNUM, WITH THE NOBLE ESTATE OF SPRING VALE ALONG WITH IT. KEILOR-ROAD. …It is situate at the corner of the Keilor and Essendon roads having about 3 000 feet frontage to the former and about the same to the latter, more or less…comprising 183 acres in two separate paddocks…Nearest neighbours- P.Phelan, Esq., M.L.A.; W.Hoffman Esq. and other gentlemen.
North Pole Rd was obviously referred to as the Essendon road by some in 1859.
Phelan’s Spring Park was ½ mile east on the north side of Keilor Rd. and Hoffman’s Butzbach was on the east side of Hoffmans Rd.
The trade of the North Pole Inn was obviously affected by the opening of the Mt.Alexander Railway just prior to 1860. John Laverty and Robert Linay took it over in June 1860 but by 4-3-1863 Laverty was charged with abandoning it. It closed two weeks later but was re-opened on 3-2-1864 by George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot.
KEILOR RD. (Sections 17, 18, 19.)
HOTELS AND EARLY NAMES.
There were four hotels between the eastern end of Keilor Rd and the Maribyrnong River. The first, geographically, was the Lincolnshire Arms built by Tulip Wright (a native of Lincolnshire) in 1852, at what the diggers called Bendigo Corner. Fifty years later, the intersection was commonly called Essendon Crossroads, as one could travel in five directions from this point. Carnarvon Rd was originally known as Mawbey’s Rd and then Lincoln Rd or Street. Keilor Rd was still being called Mt Alexander Rd in Keilor’s rate book of 1900-1.
The next hotel was hard to determine. Was it the North Pole Inn or the Springfield Inn? The latter was almost certainly the one next to the blacksmith’s shop on the site of the A.J.Davis Reserve.
I originally thought that the North Pole Inn was on the corner of Hoffman’s Rd because of the attached farm being described as 183 acres and the neighbours (Phelan, Hoffman) mentioned in an advertisement of 1859. It was described as being at the corner of the Essendon Rd and I took this to be Hoffmans Rd. Hoffman’s farm was immediately east and Phelan’s only 800 metres west. But two things worried me. Firstly, the frontage to both the Keilor and Essendon Rds was stated to be about 3000 feet while 17D has an eastern boundary of only about 700 feet. Secondly, why would North Pole Farm (18D) be 1½ miles west?
Measuring the appropriate boundaries of 18 D, I found that they were 2640 feet each, close enough to the stated frontages. Then I recalled that John Corcoran’s farm had been wrongly described as 183 acres (instead of 180 acres 3 roods) in the 1868 ratebook.
Apart from the name, acreage and frontage was there any other connection between the inn and farm? Yes. James Laverty bought 18D from the grantee in 1850, and when he failed to sell the inn and noble (but heavily mortgaged) estate of Spring Vale in 1859, John Laverty and Robert Linay took over the hotel in 1860. John was charged with abandoning the hotel on 4-3-1863. James Laverty had mortgaged the farm (and lot D of section 12) several times and about this time John Catto gained ownership. He sold it to Corcoran on 6-12-1864.
Although title memorials concerning 18D made no mention of the inn, the above pieces of evidence, and the one following, make it almost certain that the North Pole Inn was at the western corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds.
The Essendon road of 1859 was officially known as North Pole Rd until about 1947 when its present name of Milleara Rd came into use. It is unclear whether the road gave its name to the hotel or the reverse. It is likely that the Corcorans renamed Spring Vale after the road or the hotel.---William Cherry, best remembered by the lake at Altona, probably used North Pole Rd to travel to his grants near Bertram’s Ford at the Arundel bridge site.
The second hotel was therefore the Springfield and the third was the North Pole. The fourth was Henry Eldridge’s Sir John Franklin Inn at the eastern corner of Keilor Rd and Collinson St. Keilor Village also boasted several hotels, which are described in fair detail in “Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men do tell Tales”.
Much information about the Hattys can be found in the comments after my RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE journal. This includes janilye's link to a Hatty family website. The attached article deals with childhood memories of Dundonald. The Hattys did not buy Dundonald. Donald Kennedy and his brother bought much land cheaply during the depression of the 1840's, at what is now Glenroy and the suburb of Attwood. The Glenroy land was sold off quite early but Kia Ora, Willowbank, Dundonald,and Springbank were not sold by Donald Kennedy's descendants until 1929. The farms listed were bought by Orr, Keith Campbell, Attwood and George Dalley. Edward Campbell, Lord Mayor of Melbourne, who had a holiday home on the east side of the Rosebud jetty access road, later bought Springbank.(SOURCES:IRMA HATTY, JACK HOCTOR, SID LLOYD, GEORGE LLOYD'S "MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952", TROVE, ROSEBUD FISHING VILLAGE MAP AND FLINDERS SHIRE RATES.)
After inspecting the HATTY entry in DHOTAMA, I will add any information not covered in the above-mentioned comments.
Green's Corner is now occupied by the 711 service station. It was a Mobil garage when I arrived in Tullamarine in 1971 and until very recently. All the old timers knew it as Green's Corner because Cec and Lily Green bought the old Junction Hotel after Tommy Loft got it closed down in 1929.They conducted a shop in it and had a petrol bowser outside.One of Lily Green's happiest memories was serving Alister Clark of Glenara.
One story not mentioned in the attached newspaper article was told to me by a Green descendant. A former policeman called into the shop, and as they chatted about the old days, he said that he could show them something that would interest them. Cec and Lily followed him as he walked over to a door. "There it is!" he said. Funny, they had never noticed it! Almost completely lodged in the timber was a bullet fired in an attempt to arrest a bloke who had made the Junction one of his haunts: Squizzie Taylor.
EXTRACT FROM EMAIL.
I have read bits and pieces of your journals and find them fascinating. I am trying to ascertain where the farms of John Crighton and Henry Parker exactly were along Saltwater. I believe John Crighton was born at sea however on his marriage certificate (1880) to Rebecca Rachel Parker, both state their places of birth as Keilor, Vic. Rebecca's birth place is registered as Saltwater (b.1859).
I'm wondering with your knowledge of the areas, if you could help me find the locations please? Any information would be of great interest and much appreciated.
No longer having access to my rates transcriptions, I cannot be certain, but I don't remember either family being assessed in the oldest records available circa 1989 (Keilor 1868, Broadmeadows 1863.)I had , however, seen the name, Crighton.
EXTRACT FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA".
The boundaries of section 22 are indicated by: Thomas St/Barrie Rd, Sharps Rd, Nomad Rd. and the Fraser/ King St. midline. Information regarding its occupants comes mainly from Keilor Shire’s rate records except for lots B and D, which were in Broadmeadows Shire.
ALLOTMENT F of 147 acres between Fraser St. and Parer Rd., was granted to early squatters, A.Wright and J.& T.Crighton in 1848 and in 1868 it was being farmed by John Commons. Its eastern boundary was the same as for allotment E.
ALLOTMENT E consisted of 128 acres and extended north to Moore Rd. In 1868 it is likely that Sam.Mansfield had lot E as well as his 56 acres in section 16 and 87 acres in 22c as another property of 130 acres is listed. At the turn of the century, Robert G.Stevenson was leasing lot F, part of St Johns between Bulla Rd and Treadwell Rd (Wirraway and Nomad Rds.), lot E (which was mistakenly called lot G) and a few small blocks between Bulla Rd. and a now-closed road*. This gave him a total of 329 acres.
(* This road left Bulla Rd. at Webb St. to run to the corner of English St. and Nomad Rd., the n.w. corner of section 16. The 1860 survey map shows this road finishing at the north boundary of 17B. It may have been the original road to the Springs or the old Macedon Rd,which title deeds show to have cut, respectively, though section 15 and section 21.)
Rupert Percy Steele was leasing Niddrie and a memo reveals that Steele had taken over lot F and Maurice Quinlan lot E plus the s.w. corner of St. Johns.
ALLOTMENT C, between Moore St. and Dromana Ave., granted to J.P.Fawkner, was occupied in 1868 by: Sam. Mansfield 87 acres, J.B.Howse 17 acres and Catherine Howse 9 acres and licenced house.
Maps cannot be pasted.
COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY LTD.REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY ED. 27 WITH PERMISSION.
ALLOTMENT A of 87 acres, was granted to W.Hall according to the parish map.
On 25-9-1851, Joseph Hall mortgaged it to Charles Payne for 100 pounds and Payne
reconveyed it to Hall on 13-1-1853 (N 614 and T 654). On 10-7-1877, it was sold to James Sharp.
It is advisable to read section 21 regarding James Sharp’s “Hillside” at this point.
It is unclear who had lot A in 1868 but in 1889, J & A. McNab were leasing 187 ½ acres
from G.W.Taylor (Hillside including 22A apart from Sharp’s 8 acre homestead block).
By 1992 James Sharp seems to have used G.W.Taylor’s forfeited payments on Hillside
to extend his farm. At this time, Thomas Nash had begun a lease on 294 acres of the
expanded 302 acre Hillside.
This continued into the next century. Nash was followed by P.R.Johnson before 1913.
The Thomas Family bought Hillside in about 1940 and called it Carinya Park.
Thomas St in Airport West is near the s.e. corner of James Sharp’s original 133 acres
of section 21.
In the mid-1950’s Joe Thomas sold lot A to Caterpillar.
Family historians must be very careful regarding parish maps. Updates were often produced, particularly during the boom decade of the 1880's. There are two maps of the parish of Doutta Galla available online and neither is the one showing the date on which the grant for 22F was issued. This map was among the material that I gave to the Hume Library system when I left Tullamarine. I have no further information about the location of the Crighton farm. I would presume that the grantees were relatives, friends or business associates. This is not necessarily so though. George Coghill(squatter) and John Pascoe Fawkner (avowed enemy of squatters) jointly received the grant for 13A, Tullamarine, the northern part becoming part of Glencairne soon afterwards and the southern half, part of Fawkner's subdivision straddling Mansfields Rd.
Allotment F of section 22 may have been the pre-emptive right and Wright and the Crightons may have held a depasturing licence from the Crown for all of section 22, and perhaps adjoining land, prior to 1848. This could be checked by entering the surnames and depasturing licence on trove.
The Parkers could have been longtime friends of the Crightons living on 22F. If they had their own farm, there were only certain areas of the parish of Doutta Galla where it could have been.
Angela Evans' website BIRTHS REGISTERED IN THE KEILOR DISTRICT (from 1851)lists Margaret Parker born in Doutta Galla in 1863 . Her parents were given as Henry Parker and Mary Rogerson . Aha!, I thought, I'll just refer to my BLAIRS OF ESSENDON journal and find exactly where John Dick's land was. However ROOTSWEB WORLD CONNECT makes it clear that the mother's maiden name was actually Rogers, not Rogerson. This website, which gives Margaret's birth as 1864 ,has two other bits of information about the children of Henry Parker and Ann Rogers that interest me. Mary Ann married James Patullo (also detailed in PATILLO FAMILY), and Sarah's second given name was Beale, suggesting a relationship by marriage to the family of John Beale of Shelton.
Jessica is not listed as a child of Henry and Mary so she may have been their niece. Just as James and Thomas were grantees of 22F, the Parker brothers may have settled together.
I would suggest three areas in the parish of Doutta Galla where the Parkers may have settled.
1. Section 16, bounded by English St, Carnarvon Rd, Woodlands St, Keilor Rd and TreadwellSt-Nomad Rd which almost adjoins the Crighton's 22F.They may have been leasing land from the Crown and then from David Mairs.
2. Crown Allotment B of section 11, bounded by Clarks Rd, Rachelle Rd, Buckley St and North Pole (Milleara) Rd. Much of this became John Beale's "Shelton" but was another J.P.Fawkner subdivision (circa 1850) aimed at helping his beloved yoeman farmers to obtain freeholds.References to Saltwater River would make this location more likely than number 1.
3. Land between St Augustines and the river, leasing from David Mairs or others.
See the Patullo journal.