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Information about Bulla's schoolteacher from about 1885 who was teaching at Trentham by 1893 and owned a property at Eltham where he became a Justice of the Peace can be found in the GILSENAN entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. If his wife, Harriet (nee Wilkins),was like most mothers of the bride she must have spent most of 1904 planning weddings and knitting clothes for the expected grandchildren!

You'll never guess the clever name the Watsons had for their farm at Trentham!


The failed North Melbourne to Essendon railway, built by Hugh Glass and Peter McCracken and others, closed in 1864 and the government's slowness to purchase the line was probably responsible for the "accidental" medication overdose that caused the death of Glass and Peter McCracken's loss of "Ardmillan". However the government finally acted, extending the line circa 1872 as the North Eastern railway which eventually reached Albury.

There was no station at such a lonely place as today's Strathmore but by the mid 1850's there were two pubs virtually across the road from each other. A descendant of the Morgan family has a terrific website about the Cross Keys Hotel which includes a photograph of the original hotel.This is the website.

Morgan family at Cross Keys Hotel Essendon - Home‎
North Essendon was formerly known as Hawstead and was in the Parish of Doutta Galla, County of Bourke. Bob said the details were a bit confusing and I have ...

The researcher asked the owner of the new Cross Keys about the original Cross Keys and was told that it was across the road. There was certainly an old hotel across the road but it wasn't the Cross Keys. I have sent the researcher the following information.

The owner of the Cross Keys was right about an old hotel being across Pascoe Vale Road from the Cross Keys but wrong about assuming that it was the original Cross Keys. It was on the site of Melfort Avenue,the block at Hawstead granted to John Haslett.

Ellen Haslitt (sic), National Hotel, Moonee Ponds. Granted.
(P.6, Argus, 16-4-1856.)
N.B. Moonee Ponds meant near the Moonee Ponds Creek, not the suburb.

Sam Merrifield's Annals of Essendon had an entry circa 1888 about a fellow called Robinson who apparently had just bought the hotel and was advertising some sort of race (bike?) to promote his hotel which he must have renamed as the Melfort. My old mate, Bob Chalmers, does not seem to have included this entry in his annals.

Hotel owners were wise to follow Morgan's scheme to protect his Cross Keys ( as you have described) because the Melfort was soon targeted.

Between 1 a.m. and 6 ajn. on Thursday,
burglars made a raid, which in its particular line
has not often been surpassed, on the Melfort
Hotel, which stands in a rather lonely spot on the
Pascoe Vale-road, Moonee Ponds, near Melbourne.
The place had been closed by Mr. Thomas
Adams, the licensee, at the usual hour, and
he and his family retired to rest. It was rather
a wild night, and. they, slept soundly. No noise
was heard by them, but on rising at 6 o'clock
Adams was astonished to find the front door open,
and a large proportion of his liquor stock
gone, in addition to six large boxes of
cigars and some cash. When the place
was thoroughly examined, it was found tbat the
work of the robbers had been effected with much
determination. They bad first examined all the
windows on the ground floor looking into the
street ; but finding the catches too strong, and
probably being chary of breaking the glass and
thus causidg- a noise, had obtained a carpenter's
brace and bit, and bored boles all round
the the woodwork near the back of the
bar door. The wood was then taken out
in one piece and the lock pushed back. Tbe
bar was then at their mercy, and they carried. ofiE,
amongst other property, 24db of tobacco, a keg of
whiskey, a number of bottles of brandy and
whiskey, a dozen bottles of ale, and so forth.- The
money bad been taken from the till. In order to
carry the plunder away they must have bad a
horse and conveyance. They left no clue.
Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931) Saturday 3 August 1889 p 5 Article.)

Incidentally the names of HASLETT and BERGIN will be discussed in my BULLA or BROADMEADOWS journal re the Somerton Rd area. I will be checking but offhand,Haslett was the grantee of Sherwood/Ballater Park if I remember correctly and Bergin had a small grant on section 3 Bulla Bulla near the cemetery.

xxx thanks so much for your contact on my webpage and the information you have sent me regarding the other Hotel on Pascoe Vale Road.

One of these days I will find time to go through the land titles for the Cross Keys Hotel for myself. Probably not until I retire though.

I "googled" you and have found your Strathmore History page. I'm looking forward to reading through it. I must admit I get so confused with all the different names in the area, ie Hawstead, North Essendon, Pascoe Vale, Moonee Ponds. I suppose boundaries changed over the years?

I also see you are into Tullamarine history. I have been searching for more descendants of my Morgans from the Cross Keys Hotel. My grandmother's eldest brother was John "Jack" Adams who apparently died in a nursing home at Tullamarine in 1983. I have been told Jack may have been some sort of caretaker at a farm around Craigieburn/Yuroke. In the Vic electoral roles his address was with his son Morgan Adams at 51 Fraser Street Niddrie from 1963 until 1980.
If you happen to use the link to Jack in my tree is


It may just be co-incidence but Fraser St was close to the northern boundary of "Niddrie" (17B, Doutta Galla) whose eastern boundary is indicated by Treadwell St off Keilor Rd and Nomad Rd in Essendon Aerodrome. If I remember correctly,the farm was purchased by Dr. (Patrick?) Morgan in 1906. Patrick may actually have been the author of the family history THE MORGANS OF NIDDRIE. I don't know if this family was connected to your CROSS KEYS mob but family folklore would know of any doctors in the family.

There were plenty of Morgans around the area, Fred Morgan who married a Knight girl and farmed The Pines at Pascoe Vale and was somehow related to Joseph and John English who bought Fawkner's Belle Vue Park and built the mansion at the top of Oak Park Court; I think The Pines was part of Belle Vue Park.
(BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, Richard Broome.)

There was also a Morgan who bought Camp Hill at Tullamarine (from the Gilligans in about 1913 if I remember correctly) and W.R.Morgan who started an engineering firm in Glenroy and later transferred his operations to about the site of Hannah Pascoe Drive on the Moonee Ponds Creek floodplain on Camp Hill (renamed Gowanbrae by Scott.)

You wouldn't happen to have any idea of the owner of the property that Jack Adams was managing near Yuroke/
Craigieburn? Poole,Saunders,Simmie, Alston etc?

Hawstead was probably a place in the old country that the surveyor had come from and is the only case I have come across where suburban blocks (surveyed in every township) were actually given a suburb name. The name probably disappeared because it was replaced by NORTH PARK, which was probably a farm name before Alexander McCracken built his mansion of that name (now the Columban Mission) on the block. Part of Pascoeville/ Pascoevale/ Pascoe Vale became Oak Park when Hutchinson of the Glenroy flour mill changed the name of Fawkner's Belle Vue Park to Oak Park because of the many oak trees that Fawkner had planted.

Strathmore was known as North Essendon, as was the area near the Essendon Crossroads (near Keilor Rd corner) until the North Essendon Progress Association finally got a station near the Cross Keys. Names for the Stations (Strathmore, Glenbervie) were both places associated with Thomas Napier's native area in Scotland.

Moonee Ponds meant NEAR THE MOONEE PONDS CREEK for a great many decades.


If any other researchers of the Morgans of the Cross Keys Hotel would like to get in touch with Kerryn Taylor,send me a private message or contact her through her website.

Dr. Cole, district coroner, held an inquest yesterday afternoon, at the Cross Keys Hotel, Pascoevale-road. Essendon North, on the body of John Morgan, licensee of that hotel. He was found drowned on Thursday afternoon, in a tank on the premises containing 10ft. of water. The deceased had employed two men to effect some repairs to the tap, which was out of order and during the course of their work they had to go to a buggy-shed, some few
yards away, to obtain some implements.

Morgan at that time was standing on the top of the tank, the lid of which was off. Hearing a splash they returned, to find Morgan missing. About 10 minutes elapsed before they could recover his body, life being
then extinct. There being no evidence to show how the deceased had got into the water, an open verdict was returned.(P.19, Argus, 1-3-1907.)

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 5 months ago


In a history of Essendon's historic houses, or historical origins of street names in the Essendon area,probably written by Lenore Frost,it was stated that James Hearn was the son-in -law of William John Turner Clarke (often referred to as "Big" Clarke.) At the time of Big Clarke's death,he was practically paralysed and was being cared for at "Roseneath",the residence of James Hearn.

Roseneath was just east of the water reserve at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Woodland St and was later the residence of William Salmon who donated part of his estate (Salmon Reserve) to the Essendon Council. The part of the Township of Essendon north of Glass St, named "Hawstead" contained larger "suburban" blocks and the one on which Roseneath was built seems to have been granted to a member of Big Clarke's family. GET ALLOTMENT DETAILS.

Despite claims that William Pomeroy Greene of Woodlands was responsible for the name of Woodland St,the above author (if my memory is correct)stated that the street name came from a huge estate/run in the west of Victoria held by Big Clarke. Greene may have been responsible for the naming of Essendon, being associated with a village of that name in England whose Anglican Church still has a font donated by the Greene family. This latter article (font etc)was in the Essendon Historical Society newsletter. The Water Reserve,fed by Five Mile Creek,is now Woodlands Park.

Since I started researching my SAFETY BEACH journal,I have been trying, unsuccessfully, to prove that either James Hearn or John Vans Agnew Bruce (a big contractor from Essendon who owned, by 1863,the 1000 acres of Safety Beach etc north of the line of Martha Cove Waterway or Tassells Creek leased by Edwin Louis Tassell)was a son-in-law of Big Clarke.

"THORNGROVE" in the parish of Yuroke was granted to Big Clarke and later owned by James Hearn, as was a grant a bit further south in the parish of Will Will Rook that Hay Lonie had been leasing as a dairy farm. Big Clarke was said to have bought all of Jamieson's Special Survey in stages and (a) sold the northern 1000 acres to Bruce at a big profit (LIME LAND LEISURE) OR (b)given it to his son-in-law,Bruce, as a wedding present (A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) The Survey was the northern part of the parish of Kangerong and immediately north of the Sea Lane (Ellerina/Bruce Rd)in the parish of Moorooduc, was the Mount Martha Run,last held by James Hearn who received the grants for most of it, along the coast from Balcombe Creek's mouth to Hearn's Rd,the Dalkeith pre-emptive Right (north to White's Lane, now Range Rd)and other land east to the Tubbarubba diggings.

The passing of ownership from Big Clarke to James Hearn of two large tracts north /west of Melbourne and ownership of adjoining property near Mt Martha and even Clarke's death at Roseneath could just indicate a very close friendship,akin to that between Edward Williams and Sidney Smith Crispo,the former managing Manners-Sutton (west of Canterbury Jetty Rd)in early days and buying the latter's Eastbourne estate at Rosebud West,even caring for the great Crispo there during his last days. However it seems more likely that the association between Clarke and Hearn was more than just a friendship,probably a relationship.

While asking that great detailer of history,Isaac Batey, about John Rankin with the aid of trove,the truth may have finally emerged.
During my stay in the Riverina, falling in with Mr. James Hearne, a first cousin of the late Sir William Clarke,I learnt that (etc.) (P.4, Sunbury News, 4-7-1903.)

Sir William was Big Clarke's son and built Rupertwood (named after his own son) where the tradition of "The Ashes" started. I'm hoping that a F.T.C. member has a copy of the Clarke family history and can provide the exact details of the Clarke-Hearn relationship.My guess is that Big Clarke's wife was a Hearn. Help!


I found this fantastic description while trying to work out when Jessie Sheppard was replaced on Crowe's Hill by Thomas Crinnion. It has some unknowns (Mr Lincolne)and spelling errors (the occupant of "Stewarton") but is so valuable that I had to interrupt my Bulla research to record it. As "young" creates thousands of results on trove,I have been unable to verify Peter Young owning (or leasing from the Crown) much land in the parish of Doutta Galla (a claim which could be based on this article!) Following the description of the route and terrain, I can only guess that Peter Young was on St John's (section 23 Doutta Galla) and that he was leasing from Lady Franklin, the hill being at Strathmore Heights near Strathnaver Avenue. Where farms can be identified, their names will be provided, inserted into the article as headings in upper case and bold type.

The Glenroy Estate is a special case. Bounded by the line of Rhodes Parade,the Moonee Ponds, Johnstone St/Camp Rd and (roughly)the line of Morley/Valencia/Fairview Sts,it was never a Run but part of a large purchase in the parish of Will Will Rook,made in Sydney on 12-9-1838 by speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Donald Kennedy bought land north of Broadmeadows Township, and the estate described above,cheaply following the 1843 depression. The Camerons probably leased much of the Glenroy Estate for about a decade and named it Glenroy.

The only farm on the Glenroy estate in early times whose name has been specified was Robert McDougall's "Cona" from whence he moved to Aitken's Estate for about a decade before buying Arundel,according to his obituary. Robert was on Cona by 1849 when he wrote a letter to John Pascoe Fawkner in his time machine, finishing the letter exactly a year before he started. That'll make you read the letter!
By the way the Five Mile Creek flowed through the water reserve at Melway 28 F1, along Salmon Reserve meet the Moonee Ponds Creek at 28 J-K2; the National School just north of the Junction was accessed via GOVERNMENT ROAD. The Young Queen bridge was the Pascoe Vale bridge,the Young Queen Inn being on the west side of the road just north of the bridge.

Robert McDougall's letter revealed why the tenants (i.e. on the Glenroy Estate) did not contribute to the making of Pascoe Vale Rd. (P.4, Argus, 23-11-1849.)

(From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
THE agricultural district known as Moonee Ponds, is one of the largest and perhaps the most important in the
colony. The general richness and fertility of its soil, the improved system of farming already extensively introduced within its bounderies, and its contiguity to the metropolis are alone sufficient to justify the appellation.

But it comprises amongst its farmers a large proportion of those enterprising agricultural pioneers, who are becoming to this oolony what the Webbs, the Portlands, and the Mechis have for many years been to the mother
country. With an instinctive determination to excel, not only in the tillage of their lands, but in the formationof their herds and flocks, they have pursued their aim with an industrious energy and discriminating judgment that has already resulted in considerable benefit to their brother farmers. On some farms in the district the use of agricultural machinery in almost every branch of farm labour has been reduced to a practical success and a course of action defined that will afford farmers the opportunity of counteracting to a considerable extent, the existing unprofitable rate of wages. On others, herds have been formed that would by no means occupy an unfavourable position, if placed in actual comparison with the most famed stock in England.

And it will be sufficient to substantiate this remark, if I nstance the yearling short-horn bull bred by Mr. Rawdon Greene, which obtained the first prize of its class at the recent annual show of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society, and its dam, " Bonnet the Fourth," which was also awarded the first prize of its class. The practical value that must attach to the introduction and propagation, in the colony of this first-class stock cannot be too highly estimated.

My first point of observation in the district was at Essendon. On the right of the road from Melbourne Mr. M'Phail cultivates some land, but only to a limited extent. He farms on a much larger scale on the
Deep Creek, also in the Moonee Ponds district.
(Heritage Studies stated that McPhail had owned the part of Hawstead on which Alexander McCracken built his North Park mansion (now the Columban Mission), McPhail seeming to have bought it from William Kissock. The so- called Deep Creek farm was James Robertson's Spring Hill, which is today's Aberfeldie, where McPhail hosted the first Presbyterian services in Essendon. The so-called Moonee Ponds farm would have been "Rosehill" on Main's Estate between Rosehill Rd and Buckley St.)

Mr.Cooke, of the Lincolnshire Arms hotel, has a well-cultivated farm on the left of the road, and here it will be remembered the recent trial of mowing machines under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society took
place. The principal crop was oats, a large extent of which was cut for hay. The crop was fully an average,
and in some places exceedingly heavy.

About a mile beyond Mr. Cooke's, on the road to Keilor, is an excellent farm belonging to Mr. Lincolne. The crop was generally good, chiefly oats, and has been harvested in capital order. (See comment 1 below the journal.)

SPRING PARK. (17a Doutta Galla.)
Adjoining Mr. Lincolne's is a large farm belonging to Mr. Patrick Phelan, and quite a baronial residence has been built upon it by the proprietor. About 150 acres were under crop, chiefly with oats, of which the principal portion was cut for hay. Harvesting operations were entirely completed about a fortnight ago ; the crops were all good, and were stacked in prime order.

On the left of the road, opposite Mr.Phelan's, are the farms of Mr. John Dick, Mr.Kavanagh, and Mr. Wilson. Upon all, oaten hay is the principal product, but harvest has only been completed within the last few days.
(See my journal "1888 Geography with the Melbourne Hunt" re James Wilson's farm "Spring Farm" on Main's Estate west of Hoffmans Rd. I can supply title information about Kavanagh and John Dick.)

ST JOHNS? (23 Doutta Galla.)
Turning to the right at this point, and crossing the Deep Creek road in the parish of Doutta Galla, I came upon Mr. Young's farm, nearly in the centre of the Moonee Ponds district. The harvest had been completed, and a steam threshing machine was very expeditiously knocking out tho grain. On this farm about 140 acres were under crop ; 100 were in oats cut for hay, and about 16 saved for seed; only 10 acres were in wheat.

I mention those particulars, which rule throughout the larger extent of the district, as evidence that farmers within a certain distance of tho metropolis regard the growth of hay as more profitable than the production of corn.

BELLE VUE PARK. (253 acres east of Pascoe Vale Rd bounded on the south and west by the Moonee Ponds.)
Crossing a running creek at the foot of the hill upon which Mr. Young's farm is situated I entered the parish of Pascoevale(sic). Here Mr. John Pascoe Fawkner has a pretty estate, which I admired less for the extent of its cultivation, than for the thoroughly English-like appearance it presents. It is surrounded and intersected with high and shrub-like fences, that irresistibly remind one of the green hedgerows of old England.
(Parish of Jika Jika!)

The avenue by which the homestead is approached is prettily bordered with flowery shrubs and majestic aloes. The effect is pleasing, and affords a welcome relief to the endless posts and rails and stone walls with which, with but rare exceptions, Victorian farms are fenced.

CONA. North of Victoria St. Probably the part of section 1 Will Will Rook west of Pascoe Vale Rd.)
Above Mr. Fawkner's estate is the farm of Mr. M'Dougall. The excellence of this gentleman's herd is well known, and it has received some valuable additions by his recent importations.

Well, If the journalist couldn't come up with something interesting and new to say about Robert McDougall, I've got a beauty! Robert was a brother-in-law of Sunbury's Peter Eadie,both having married daughters of John Rankin of Roseneath at the corner of Macaulay and Rankins Rds at Kensington.
At Roseneath Cottage, near Flemington, on Wednesday, 20th inst., by special license, by the Rev.John Reid, Minister of St. John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla, Robert McDougall, Esq., of Glenroy, to Margaret, eldest daughter of John Rankin, Esq. (P.4, Argus,26-7-1853.)

Opposite this farm is that of Mr. James Macintosh, M.L.A.,known as the Glenroy Estate. Here about 300 acres
were, under crop, and the whole extent has been harvested and stocked in capital order. Oaten hay was the
principal product, and the yield will average about 2 ton to to the acre. The extent to which machinery is
used upon this farm, and the oomplete success which has attended its application to almost every branch of labour, merit especial notice.

I have already said that about 300 acres were cropped with oats, nearly the whole of which was cut for hay.
Five of Kitchener's mowing machines were simultaneously employed upon the crop, and in six days 260 acres
were cut down. The swathes were gathered with horse rakes, and twelve one-horse carts kept in constant operation for carting. The hay was unloaded and stacked with sufficient expedition to keep the twelve carts at full work, by means of an elevator of more prodigious power and improved construction than I have hitherto seen.

The principle upon which this implement is made, is similar to that of the elevators now ordinarily attached
to threshing machines to ensure greater facility in stacking tho straw. But it is made upon a far larger scale,
and is provided with an immense platform on to which the load is overturned, and from which it is gradually
elevated to any required height by tho machine. This system of gradual elevation is a decided improvement
upon those machines which grapple the load and transfer it bodily, or in only two portions, to the stack. By
the latter process, not only is it absolutely necessary to have more men upon the stack to dispose of the load,
but it is manifest it cannot be so thoroughly separated, and must therefore deteriorate in quality. Besides this Mr. Macintosh's machine is fully and equably employed, and can be driven at a rate that will unload each onehorse cart in two minutes.

There is a stationary steam engine upon the farm, which is used to drive the threshing machine, chaff-cutter, oat crusher, and any other implement for which it is available. Formerly, the practice pursued by Mr. Macintosh was to cut all his oaten-hay for sale, and send it to market in bags. An excellent contrivance has been devised for accomplishing this labour cheaply and expeditiously. Adjacent to the chaff cutter a hole has been dug sufficiently large to hold one full sack. It is covered by a trapdoor in which a circular hole is cut, one half of its circle being in each half of the trap. The sack is lowered when empty through this aperture, and its mouth fastened to the trap door, and held open, by steel hooks. The cut hay is swept from the delivery board into the sack, and a boy fills it and presses the chaff down by stomping upon it. The bag is thus filled fuller than it could be otherwise and the labour of one pair of hands to hold open its mouth altogether spared. With one man to drive the engine, two to draw the hay, one to feed the machine, one boy to fill and press the bags, and one man to sew them up, from four to five tons of hay per day can be cut, and sacked up ready for delivery.

But all the arrangements at Glen Roy partake of the oharacter of those upon a model farm. The outbuildings are
newly built, and exceedingly convenient and commodious. The horse stock, of which seven or eight teams are constantly employed, are useful and well-bred animals ; and the manner in which every operation upon the farm is conducted and finished testifies the superintendence of a practical farmer in the truest sense of the term.

All who are conscious that their own system of management affords scope for improvement, and are anxious to know how it can be best accomplished, will I conceive profit by a visit to Mr. Mackintosh's farm.

Again crossing the road in the direction of Broadmeadows, and leaving Mr. M'Dougall's farm on the left, the track leads on to two large farms occupied respectively by Messrs. James, and Gordon Cameron, the former gentleman had 200 and the latter 250 acres under crop. Nearly the whole extent of Mr.Gordon Cameron's cultivation is for oaten hay, and Mr.James Cameron's, wheat and seed oats, in about equal proportions. The crops here were generally good, and harvest is now entirely finished.

STEWARTON (GLADSTONE FROM 1892) (Section 5 Tullamarine.)
The next farm belongs to Mr. M'Connecke, who had very nearly 300 acres under crop. Besides wheat and oats, Mr. M'Connceke had about twelve acres sown with peas which he had saved for seed. The crop was good, and promised a fair yield, but before it could be carted it was very much injured by a strong hot wind to which it was exposed
and which shaled out a large proportion of tho seed. There is also upon the farm a small extent of ground
with Sorghum Saccheratum. It is flourishing well, and is green and fresh looking, while almost every other
plant or grass is sere.

The following shows the correct spelling for the occupant of Stewarton but also that the Broadmeadows Road Board assessed a dead man on the property in 1863,unless the dead John had a cousin named John who took over the lease,or the John who died in 1859 was a visiting cousin of the occupant.

Maconochie.On the 19th ult., of consumption, at Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, aged 35,John W. Maconochie son of Alexander Maconochie, Archiestown, Morayshire, Scotland.(P.4, Argus, 16-7-1859.)

Adjacent to the township of Broadmeadows, Mr. Chadwick holds a large extent of grass land, but only cultivates a comparatively small portion. There are several farms on either side of the direct road from Melbourne beyond Broadmeadows, Messrs. Donald and John M'Kercher (sic), have respectively 200 and 100 acres in cultivation, and beyond their occupation is the farm of Mr. J. C. Cochrane, well known to the public as the owner of "Cochrane's Clyde."
William Chadwick may have been leasing Glen Allan or just part of the eastern area of the township where allotments were much bigger and many were bought by speculators.Donald McKerchar's Greenan was on the north west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Roads extending about a quarter of a mile,400 metres,to the west where it adjoined John McKerchar's "Greenvale".

On the left of tho same road there is a large extent of cultivation. Mr. Gordon had about 120 acres under crop.
Harvest is entirely finished in the locality, and when I was at Mr. Gordon's a steam threshing machine was in
active operation.

Mr. M'Lean has about 100 acres in cultivation adjoining Mr. Gordon's farm. Mr. M'Lean's production is chiefly confined to corn, and the same remark will apply to nearly all the farmers in this locality.

The next farm is held by Mr. McNab, and here harvest is not yet completed. When I visited the farm, there was
a considerable extent of wheat still standing. About 150 acres are under crop, principally in wheat. One paddock is being fallowed. There is a scarcity of good water in this locality, except where largad large tanks have been made to preserve the rainfall.

Beyond Mr. M'Nabs, and in a direct line with Crow's Hill, is Mr. Alexander Mackintosh's farm. About 90 acres are in cultivation, but clearing has been only recently commenced upon the farm, and a considerably larger extent will be cropped next season.

On the right of this farm Mr. Toogood has about 100 acres under crop. Wheat and seed oats are the staple products. On Crow's Hill, Mr. Macpherson farms largely. The harvest is somewhat backward, and a considerable extent remains uncleared.

Pursuing the tract to the left, and keeping Crow's Hill to the right,the next farm belongs to Mr. Murdoch Mackintosh. Here 137 acres of oats were cut for hay, and 30 saved for seed. One paddock is being fallowed, and there are about 2 acres planted with bolcus, and about the same extent with mangold wurtzel and carrots respec-
tively. The crops upon the farm are generally good, and great care is bestowed upon the management of each
department. There is a fruit garden, comprising about 3 acres really densely studded with vines, peach, pear,
apple, plum, and apricot trees. The vines, promise a positively redundant yield, and their branches were
loaded down with fruit. The plum and, apricot trees have borne an equally prolific yield, and the pear trees
are more thickly hung with fruit than leaves. The ground has never been manured, but has all been double
trenched to a depth of twenty-four inches.

I was shewn two excellent draught entires in tip top condition, not-withstanding their season is now about finished. One of them is the celebrated Prince Charlie, which won the first prize and one stake in the champion cup, at the recent show of the Port Phillip Farmers Society.Mr. Macintosh is peculiarly fortunate in preserving an excellent supply of good water. It is chiefly obtained from three natural springs in the course of the creek that intersects his farm. I may add that all the crops upon the farm were cut by machinery, and stacked by an
elevator, but of an inferior description to that I have alluded on Mr. James Macintosh's farm, at Pascoe-

Emerging upon the Sunbury Road, in the parish of Bulla, I turned again towards Melbourne. One of the first estates on the left of the road in that direction belong to Mr. Rawdon Greene. I regret that the absence of the proprietor prevented me inspecting his valuable herd of Shorthorns, but the merits of both his horse and cattle stock are too well-known and appreciated to need commendation here.

GLENDEWAR. (Much of section 15,Tullamarine.)
Passing on towards the Deep Creek, about half a mile from the roadside is the farm of Mr. Dewar. Here about 200 acres are under crop, 50 of which are in wheat, 5 in peas, and the remainder in oats - of the latter only 35 acres were saved for seed. The crops were generally good, and have been stacked in prime order.

GOWRIE PARK.(The 560 acres of 14 Tullamarine south west of Bulla Rd; most of Melbourne Airport.)
On the right of the road of this point is Mr. Duncan's farm, on which the recent trial of reaping machines, under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was held. The crops here were good, for although light in straw, they were exceedingly heavily headed, and promise a very fair field.

There are one or two other farms in this immediate locality, and a few miles beyond it, is Mr. Young's
farm Doutta Galla, from which point, after leaving Essendon, I oommenced my ride through the Moonee
Ponds District. (THE HARVEST IN VICTORIA. (From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Tuesday 31 January 1860 p 6 Article.)


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago

WILLIAM WESTGARTH AND EARLY MELBOURNE. (Index of pioneers in order of appearance at start of journal.)

Bold type indicates a major mention. I wanted to include these names under appropriate chapter heading in the CONTENTS below to better indicate their location given the lack of page numbers, but every time I edit, I lose most of the surnames, so the journal will remain untouched. All names are of Victorian pioneers, with the exception of Darwin (friend of Edward Wilson after his return to England.) I believe James Sceales should be James Scales.


George Sinclair Brodie was heavily involved in Melbourne's early history and I expected to find an Australian Dictionary of Biography article about him. I found plenty of information about his arrival,his possible return home in 1851 and a possible divorce in the 1860's,his wife having remained in Australia. But not the Biography I had expected. However every cloud has a silver lining.

Having googled "George Sinclair Brodie,Victoria", I tried this result:
Personal Recollections of Early Melbourne and Victoria - Project ...‎
I had long looked forward to one more visit to Victoria, perhaps the last I should ..... where I first met my most worthy old friend, George Sinclair Brodie, so well ...

William Westgarth's history had been much quoted in a history of the Lalor/ Epping area (in regard to its early Lutheran influence) that Irma Hatty kindly offered to lend me years ago so the portion about his involvement in the encouragement of German immigration came as no surprise. His history is absolutely wonderful and gives much information about prominent residents of early Melbourne, squatters, parliament etc. Even though it did not give the detail I sought about G.S.Brodie,I was compelled to read it to the very end.

William attended the wedding of John Batman's daughter at John Aitken's Mt Aitken and his description of how guests coped with the lack of accommodation has the sort of anecdotal detail which makes eye-witness history so valuable. He provided fascinating insights into the Jacksons of Sunbury, Edward Wilson of the Argus, James Stewart Johnston of "Craig Lee" and so many other pioneers.

Thanks to Project Gutenberg Australia for making this great history available online.

Here is a table of contents.












































The author of Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula.

This has been posted on Facebook after two tries here.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago

Re: [GSV] Ford, Skelton, Sullivan & McGrath families of Point Nepean.

I am helping one of my people from my Family History Group of the Breakfast
Point Probus Club with their family history.

James McGRATH butcher died on 21 Feb 1865 aged 37 years. His place of burial
states " Sanctuary Station". I am wondering if anyone can shed some light on
Sanctuary Station please ?
Would logically be a vast cattle or sheep station somewhere in Australia.
So give us a clue as which STATE it may be.
I know there is a Point Nepean in Vic.but sure I have heard the term for N.S.W.
Hope Di Christensen reads this.
SANCTUARY STATION was probably an alternative description of QUARANTINE STATION and a misreading of SANITARY STATION.

Extensive information about the four families, who lived on the Nepean Peninsula,that is the Portsea/Sorrento area on Victoria's Mornington Peninsula, is available in:
1. LIME LAND LEISURE, (Shire of Flinders), C.N.Hollinshed.

Genealogical information in 1. is a bit dodgy. It can probably be borrowed from the Mornington Peninsula Shire library system via an inter-library loan.

2 deals mainly with the second generation of the Skelton family and their spouses such as McGrath, Lugger Jack Clark etc.

3. takes the family connections much further and shows conclusively that it's wise not to badmouth any of the Nepean Peninsula pioneers while you're in the area, because the person you're talking to is likely to be related in some way.

James Ford married Dennis Sullivan's daughter. Both of them had stations but Sullivan's was on the site of the quarantine station and was dispossessed in 1852 when it was established. The Fords and Sullivans (+ Farnsworth etc.) are discussed in fair detail in 1 and 3. If the query concerns either of these families,their grants in the parishes of Nepean and Wannaeue can be found online. Google:
Nepean,county of Mornington or
Wannaeue,county of Mornington.

Until I know exactly which family is being researched(or families), I can't help much more at the moment. In regard to books 2 and 3, the researcher should ring Jenny Nixon for a chat. I just rang Jenny who said it was okay to include her number and that she would be happy to hear what information is required and to recommend the book most likely to supply it. She is excited to find out about an interstate descendant of one of the Nepean Peninsula pioneering families.Her own book is out of print but will be reprinted soon.
Jenny's phone number is xxxxxxxx.

Some information about the four families named will be found in my journals. Google the surname and itellya, family tree circles,
e.g. McGrath, itellya, family tree circles or Skelton, itellya, family tree circles etc.
Little Brother has replied back to me, rather than direct to you.
But, read & discover, there are some little gems within..
How clear & from where did you get Sanctuary Station ???

Confirmation that the Quarantine Station was also officially called the Sanitary Station.

MEAT FOR SANITARY STATION -Tenders will be received until eleven o'olock of Tuesday, 8th of August,from parties willing to supply meat for the use of the Sanitary Station at tho Heads. Farther Information,(etc.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 3 August 1854 p 3 Article-7th item in 1st column,Domestic Intelligence.)
P.S. I wouldn't mind betting that John Barker (Boniyong and Cape Schanck) won the contract and Sam Sherlock senior (then a lad) delivered the meat*. They also needed vegetables and they would have been supplied by James Ford* whose wife would have passed on the secrets that allowed the Sullivans to stagger early Melbourne with their giant cucumber** not long before they moved to the Heads in 1843*. James Ford may have been ready to supply meat as well by this time or soon after; in 1859 James Ford and Peter Purves were grazing 500 bullocks in the police paddock and got up a dodgy petition against a fence being built from White Cliffs to the back beach which would have prevented the free grazing***.

**EARLY MELBOURNE Michael? Sullivan.)

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago

THE EADIE FAMILY OF SUNBURY NEAR MELBOURNE, VIC., AUST.and the Healesville Sanctuary/ saving Winston Churchill..

See the EADIE entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. Combined with information from Ian William Symonds' BULLA BULLA, it will provide much information about this fascinating family that has been associated with the Healesville Sanctuary,South Africa and New Zealand as well as Sunbury.

The following is posted here so I won't have to spend precious time trying to work out where to post it in the Eadie entry in the dictionary history without interrupting the flow of what I have written so far.The author of the letter was one of three sons of John Eadie senior of Ben Eadie, Sunbury. The (eldest?) John, would not have been allowed to enlist for the Boer War because of the fits he had suffered from boyhood. Platypus Bob, as I call him, went to South Africa in late 1896, to utilise his mining expertise and became an intelligence officer for the British in the Boer War,; the aforementioned expertise most likely being the reason that future prime minister, Winston Churchill,survived to make his famous WE SHALL FIGHT THEM ON THE BEACHES etc. speech. William Aitken Eadie was the third son and according to evidence in the trial concerning Miss Davies' right to be the sole beneficiary of John junior's will in 1904, William, the writer of this letter, was a bit extravagant when it came to drink and his ponies. Peter Eadie,mentioned in the letter was the son of Peter Eadie senior, who retired from his hotel and store in 1893 to enjoy life in his beautiful DUNBLANE (38-40 Jackson St but originally fronting Brook St)which was designed by Robert Eadie (most likely the mining engineer, Platypus Bob,a few years before he left for South Africa.)

Mr. W. A. Eadie, formerly of Sunbury,
and who joined the second contingent of
Commonwealth Horse, writes under date
May 6th from Newcastle, S. Africa :
'We left Durban on Saturday week, and
travelling by train arrived here Sunday
night. It was a beautiful trip through
very mountainous country, the scenery
being grand. We stopped at Colenso,
and had explained to us the famous
battle in which Lord Roberts' son fell;
it is a very small place. Every Britisher
that fell has a cross or else a headstone.
In some places as many as twenty are
buried together. The stones are really
good, the one over Lieutenant Roberts'
grave being a beauty. We arrived at
Lrdysmith on Sunday morning, and I
was very much surprised to find it such
a small place, not half the size of Sun
bury. We watered our horses there, and
had a look all round, and saw the Boers'
positions. It seems marvellous how Sir
George White could have held it so long.
Of course if the Boers had got possession
railway communication further north
would have been stopped, which meant a
great deal. On arriving at Pietermar
itzburg we got our arms and ammunition.
It is a very nice little town ; the Cape
Parliament sits there. Newcastle is a
small town, with a very busy railway
station, where all the fodder and rations
for the forces and blockhouses for miles
round are loaded. The blockhouses are
small forts, generally manned by ten to
forty men, and there is always one near
a bridge. They will probably do more
than anything else to bring the war to a
successful termination. Botha was re
ported captured the other day with ten
men ; and the Boers are surrendering
every week, they are very short of food
and clothes, and in my opinion the end
will come before another six months. We
leave here on the conclusion of the arm
istice, and will go into the Transvaal
about 250 miles further. Peter Eadie
was camped within three miles of us last
week, and left last Tuesday for the
Transvaal. I was going across in the
afternoon, but they struck camp early,
and entrained at 9 am. We are having
a splendid time, and are treated right
royally. Tell- he made a big mistake
in not coming; it is a splendid place for
a young man to make money in. A
fellow with a little brains can easily, after
a month's experience, earn 5 to 6 per
week, and in some cases more. The cost
of living is very reasonable. I saw three
fellows the other day who had called on
Robert Eadie at Vereeniging, and they
spoke very highly of both him and Mrs.
Eadie, who treated them in great style,
being awfully anxious for news from
Victoria. I wrote to Bob last week, and
expect to, see him shortly if all goes well.
I am kept very busy, being on special
duty nearly every day, and am in tip-top
nick. If things keep on as they are at
present, it is more than likely that I will
remain in South Africa with the standing
army for a little longer than 12 months;
but I suppose by that time, and after a
trip to England, I shall be glad to settle
down in Sunbury. We had a football
match last Saturday, and I kicked the
only two goals on our side; we have
some smart fellows with us. Everything
is going on nicely, except that Captain
Mailer, the adjutant, who is well known
in Sunbury, is very unpopular with the
men, some of whom swear they will shoot
him on the firing line. I like him very
well, and we get on firstrate; he is, as
many of the Sunbury fellows know, a bit
of a bully, but a thoroughly practical
man, and a good one for the position.
There are lots of minerals in this country,
coal in abundance. The Kaffirs are very
numerous round here, and are very par
tial to the British, but hate the Boers.
They do all the convoy work, sometimes
leading and driving as many as twenty
bullocks, and often one man drives 12
mules, and never less than six. It is
nothing unusual to see a convoy a mile
and a half long going out or coming in.
Majuba Hill (20 miles away), Laing's
Nek, and Botha's Pass are all plainly to
be seen from here.' (P.2, Sunbury News, 14-6-1902.)

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago


Gordon Connor was born in 1899. His father was a bootmaker at Moonee Ponds and had married a daughter of Charles Nash of Tullamarine*. One of the many stories that Gordon told me was used in my book WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR, finished just in time for the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, to illustrate how much the children walked in early days.
P.42. "One day Olive Connor and Ethel Cummins, two Moonee Ponds girls hardly out of the toddler stage, decided they'd walk up to see Grandma Nash at "Fairview" in Tullamarine (Melway 5 F6).Kidding their absence didn't cause some anxiety until their location was discovered."

After doing a fruitless trove search for Ethel Cummins, I entered Olive Connor and struck gold.
NASH. -In loving memory of our dear cousin, Percy, loved youngest son of Charles and Ellen Nash, Tullamarine, who passed away 16th July,1921.To know him was to love him.
(Inserted by his loving cousins, Ethel Kelly and Olive Connor, Moonee Ponds.)(P.13, Argus, 15-7-1922.)

It seems from the death notices below that Gordon had given Ethel's married name and that she was the daughter of Emma Nash who had become Mrs Kelly.

*CONNOR. On the 19th December, at Epworth private hospital, Amelia, beloved wife of Joseph Connor, 18 Wilson street, Moonee Ponds, mother of Olive (Mrs. Rae) and Gordon, loving mother-in-law of May and Walter, dear grandma of Betty,Colin and Gwenda Rae also Jack Connor -Passed peacefully away. (No mourning.)
CONNOR (nee Nash) -On the 19th December at Epworth private hospital, Amelia beloved wife of Mr Joseph Connor of 18 Wilson street Moonee Ponds and loving sister of Mary Ann (Mrs. Furphey, deceased) Thomas, Elizabeth (Mrs. Furphey), Ann (Mrs Gordon), Emma (Mrs. Kelly ), Charlie(deceased),Ellen (Mrs Cooper), and William, in her 65th year. Peace perfect peace.
(P.1, Argus, 21-12-1931.)


The following article was discovered because I was trying to find if there was a link between George Dodd of Keilor and Thomas Coffey of Bulla and had done a DELAHEY, KEILOR search on trove. Despite the protestations of innocence by Melbourne Hunt Club members,it is interesting that I have not found one instance of farmers complaining about damage caused by the Oaklands Hunt Club.

I have deliberately not corrected the digitisation for a reason. As a former teacher who had great success with children who had been underachieving readers, I am sick and tired of politicians who advocate phonics as the prime tool in improving reading standards. I certainly taught phonics but if a child was stuck on a word, sounding it out was the last resort, because reading is primarily about extracting meaning from written text. A child sounding out every second word can't see the wood for the trees! TAKE NOTE SAMANTHA MAIDEN OF THE SUNDAY HERALD SUN, AND CHRISTOPHER PYNE,VICTORIA'S MINISTER OF EDUCATION. You will be able to read the article without much effort at all by using PREDICTION, in other words, guessing a word that makes sense. That is the main reading strategy to develop Mr Pyne! Try sounding out the words that don't make sense and see how far that gets you! That's what it's like for a poor reader! Not fun at all!

A meeting of mombers of the Melbourne Hunt, at which all farmers who considered they had any unsatisfied claims against tho club were invited to be present, was held yesterday at Goyder's Hotel, Bourke-streut, for the purpose of listening to any complaints the farmers had to make, and of considering the best means of reconciling the difficulties that existed between them and tho club.

Mr. J. Madden was in the chair. There wore about twenty mombers of tho club present, but oniy six farmers, the sympathies of the majority of whom were evidently with the club. The Chairman', in explaining the object
for which tho meeting was called, regrette! that the farmers had not accepted the challenge thrown down to them by the club, and attended the meeting. As they had refused it, and declined to attend and make their
claims, he thought they must be considered out of court, and that the club could not bo held responsible any further.

Mr. Basil Gray explained that he had attended a holu-and-corner sort of meeting, held a short time back by some farmers, for the purpose of passing resolutions which would annihilate the Melbourne Hunt Club in particular, and hunting in general, in Victoria ; but, as he learned that those who desired to express views in opposition to that schemo would be prevented from speaking, he soon left. He, however, heard it stated there that the club had wilfully destroyed property and endangered life ; that in no one instance had they offered to compensate the farmers for damage done to their crops ; and that if the latter obtained anything from thom after ap-
plication,, it was trifling in comparison with the injury they had sustained. In his opinion, the faimera assembled at that meeting very badly represented their class ; and that, in consequence, tho club need
take no notice of the resolutions they had adopted. As they had not chosen to attend the present meeting, which had been expressly called to enable them to stato their grievances publicly, he considered they had exonerated the club from taking any notice of them if made privately. He could only recollect ono occasion in which a crop
had been ridden over by the club.The Chairman explained that in the instance alluded to, immediate compensation
had been offered and accepted.

Mr. H. Delahey, of Keilor, remarked that although a farmer himself, he must say ho considered'the claims sent in to the club, in many instances, excessive. Mr. Pyke thought that it would be still advisable to adopt a conciliatory demeanour towards tliB farmers, and endeavour to meot them in a fair spirit. He would, therefore,
move-"That the Hunt Club reglet the unpleasant feeling existing between themselves and the farmers, and aro willing to either repair any damage done by them, or to agree to the appointment of assessois on each side,
and to abide by any decision given by them. Mr. B. Gray agreed with tho terms of the resolution, and suggested that, to save tho aimers all the trouble they could, it would be well to appoint an assessor in each district.

The Chairman observed that several farmers had suggested that instoad of receiving compensation for injury done to their fences, they would, in some districts at least,where wood was scarce, prefer that the club should send round a dray with a few rails, soon after tho hunt, and repair the damage done. To show that tho club was really anxious to meot the farmers, he might explain that two farmers, Messrs. Leslie and Wilson, had sent in claims for injury done to their fences at a recent hunt, and they would be paid, although their charges were not exactly correct. A gentleman at Heidelberg claimed 10 10s. for a terrier dog which the houndB had killed, and though the charge appeared to be high, ho felt sure the club would pay it when they knew that the person whomade it was not one likely to make an unreasonable demand.

Mr. Goyder, in seconding the resolution, reiterated the assertion that the club had no desire, to injure the farmers-----them. He entirely approved of the appointment of assessors, and the only difficulty in carrying the suggestion into eflect would be that of obtaining men who really would tell
them what damage had been done. There must be some check of the sort, or thoy might in somo instances have farmers coming in every Monday morning, claiming compensation for damage they had nevor sustained. Ho believed, however, that the club would rather put up with a little imposition than irritate the farmers by too closely inspecting their claims. Ho wished the whole of the farmers weio as hearty supporters of the hunt as those residing at Dandenong, who not only readily allowed the riders to go overntheir land, but even, when the cap was handedround, put in handsomely, and promised to do so again.

Mr. Waldock, the master of the hounds, remindeei 'the meeting that tho club had already appointed six farmers residing in the various agricultural districts to act as assessors for them. He believed the club had dealt,and were prepared to deal, fairly by thefarmers, and he would promise to give 100 to the Melbourne Hospital out of his own pocket on the day any one pointed out to him a caso in which he had not acted towards a farmer in the spirit a master of the hounds should not. He did not believe the feeling of opposition to the club was as strong as some mado it out to be, because ho know for a fact that some of tho farmers whost names wero attached to a document by Mr Dunn, warning him, as mastor of the hound from coming on their land, had not autborised the uso of their names for any sucl purpose.

Mr. Goyder condemned the oxtrome language used by somo of the farmers at tholi late meeting when referring to tho Hun Club, but consideied that that should no induce the club to assume an antagonistic attitude towards them.

Mr. B. Gray suggested that the resolutioi should bo slightly altered, so as to read tha the club regretted the unpleasant feeling tha "appeared to oxist" between thomselves am the farmers. Ho did so because, in hi
opinion, such a feeling did not exist in th minds of the farmers as a class. Mr. Walduck considered that tho epithet of " Bourkc-8treet loafers," though not applicable to tho nunt Club, might be correctly applied to many of the non-subscribers wh followed the hounds. Ho would like to se the farmers assist the club to prevent thoa
persons joining in tho hunt, for the damag done to the fences was almost entirely occasioned by thom. '

The'resolution, amended according to Mr B. Gray's suggestion, was carried. Mr. Mitchell, of the Model Farm, objecte to the insinuation thrown out by Mr. Goydo that the farmers might on Monday morninf present - claims for damage thoy had nev< sustained. Speoific instancos should bo give in which that had been dono before a general charge was ' made against the farmers as a class.

Mr. Walduck said that, last Monday week three faimcrs, named Mansfield, Cumming and Sharpe, had sent in claims amounting t 13, while, on examination, it was found tin 10 10s. fully covered the damngo thoy hu sustained, .
Mr. Goyder explained that ho never itended by his remarks to make a gonr chargo against the farmers. He morely wishto impress upon the club th necessity of taking some precautions to prevent tin being imposed on.

Mr. Boadle, of Prospect-hill, oxplained til it was his dog tho chairman had alluded to having been killed by the hounds. It h been worried in the presenco of his childrc with whom it had boen playing when t hounds carno up, without ovon an attempt to whip them off. He proceeded to instar several cases in > which considerable darno had been dono to his,and his neighbou property' when the hunt mot last Heidelberg, and especially condemned t manner ,in which,some of the riders h knocked down some panels of the cemetery fence, and grossly'abused one of the trust* when requested to put up tho rails again prevent to cattlo from getting,,in. He stated that the horse of one of tho hunters fell dead undor him, about two Cr three bundi yards from, tho cemetery ,and somo privi houses, and that when some labourers, v were by, offered to bury it for a small
renouration 'the rider, replied that it had alrqi cost him enough.', out that the men mij have the skin for their trouble. The corquenco was that the dead body roman there still, to tho great annoyance of the
neighbourhood. _ . ' >

Mr. Goyder said that it'was his horse that had fallen down dead, but that ho had had no such conversation as that described by Mr. Roadie with any men. He would seo that the horse was buried. Air. Walduck assured Mr. Boadle that every attempt was made to whip the hounels off his little dog : but that they had killed it
before they could hu even reached.

Mr. Boadle believed that if the club would take steps to prevent their hounds being followed by a number of non-subicribers, there were not threo farmers in the district he livetl in who would object to their hunting, so long as they avoided doing damage. Mr. B. Gray said the club were most anxious to do so ; but could Mr. Boadle inform him how they could prevent non-membeis following the hounds? Mr. Boadle replied that ho did not attend tbo meeting for the purposo of offering suggestions to the club.After some further discussion,

Dr. Pattehbon moved, and Mr. Pyke seconded, a vote of thanks to those farmers who had attended the meeting for the purpose of explaining their grievances to the club. The motion was carried, and tho proceedings terminated.
(P.1s, Argus, 6-7-1869.)

I had not realised what Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" (Melway 5 K12-D12 roughly)had started with his brave stance, despite reading all the proceedings of DUNN v WALDOCK. The latter's lawyer,Madden,tried to smother the case in points of law by taking it to the Supreme Court.

The Adelaide Hunt Club, in the infancy of career, may learn in time useful lessons from the recent declaration of war between the huntsmen of Melbourne and the farmers over whose land they have hitherto followed the kangaroo, the dingo, or the red herring. The yeomen of Moonee Ponds, Pentridge, and other fertile neighborhoods, profess no hostility to the " fine old English sport" of hunting, but object to the manner in
which it is practised in Victoria. At the first blush it will appear to any ordinary comprehension, that the farmers and gardeners are under no obligation to offer apologies for taking measures to protect their fields and gardens from invasion and injury. As owners of the freehold or leasehold of these lands they have an undoubted right to possess them free from needless molestation, and are unable to understand why a gentleman's ornamental grounds should be protected against the slightest pedestrian intrusion, while the husbandman's land should be exposed to the incursions of troops of horsemen, tearing through hedges, breaking down fences, and trampling under foot whatever happens to lie in their way. They consider they have, or ought to have,the rights of property enjoyed by other classes of the community, and do not see that they would be sacrificing them to a higher object if they submitted to unlimited aggressions simply because the trespassers were gentlemen in search of amusement. They have been told there is the law to appeal to, but(like too many other ill-used citizens) they have found practically that the law is nothing more than a machine for wearing out the poor suitor with expenses and annoyances, and ensuring victory to the litigant with the longest purse. A Mr. Dunn complained of the injury caused to his property by the Melbourne Hunt Club, and finding them unwilling to give him compensation at all commensurate with the damage he had sustained, sued the Master of the Hounds in a Court
of law, and got more kicks than halfpence, the trumpery indemnification he obtained being nothing to set off against the heavy costs and worrying by counsel to which he was subjected. He was treated, in fact, as if he were some criminal, or some greedy extortioner endeavoring to victimise a few pleasant, free-hearted, "jolly dogs," who, in the exuberance of their spirits, had chanced to'gallop across his land. He went into Court an injured man, and came out a still more injured man. His class took this matter up,perceiving that what was Mr. Dunn's case then might any day be the case of any other farmer whose land might be crossed by a flying doe or a Yarmouth bloater. The farmers and gardeners then formed an Association bearing the comprehensive title of the "Fence, Field,and Chattel Preservation League," fixed the annual subscription of members' somewhat in proportion to the extent of their holdings, and decided that any member of the League aggrieved by the huntsmen should come upon the common fund for support and assistance in obtaining redress by legal means. This league having been duly organised, the Nimrods of the chase opened their eyes and became suddenly aware of the fact that though they may occasionally override their bounds, they have not carte blanche to override all country property without fear of consequences. They of course had no prescriptive or any other right to gallop freely over other persons' land, just because they smelt game ahead of them. Hunting is commonly allowed by farmers over their ground because,they do not wish to spoil sport, and sometimes because they join in the past-time themselves, but they infallibly complain if the amusement is followed with a reckless disregard of consequences to property. It therefore comes to this:Huntsmen should first endeavor to do as little mischief as possible; and, secondly, should fully repair and compensate forany damage that is actually done. To destroy a man's property and then harass him with lawyers, is quite sufficient to breed hostility, and the defence, at the
expense of the Melbourne Hunt Club in the case of Dunn v. Waldock, and the manner in which it was conducted, amply warranted the position subsequently assumed by the agriculturists and horticulturists.
There are two classes of persons who turn out on hunting days to whom the farmers specially object. There are theroughs and jockeys, who ride neck-or nothing at and go out of their way to take fences, even if they lead into growing crops. This wanton destructiveness is much to be condemned, and is anything but sportsmanlike, for to say nothing of the old English custom of avoiding crops as much as possible, any true huntsman with a long run before him, will spare his horse as much as he can. But there is another class still more obnoxious,
usually composed of " cockneys " and unskilled or timid riders, who have no pretensions to the title of huntsmen at all, but simply go out in the hope of having fences broken for them through which they may scramble. They seldom if ever see the end of a run, they follow till some obstruction pulls them up, and
then, after trampling and cutting up the corn under the pretence of forcing their horses at the leap, return to boast of their wonderful exploits. A British farmer cannot stomach this sort of thing; he will more easily bear five times the amount of injury from the honest country rider, who fears nothing, than from the mere pretender. Persons who cannot follow hounds in a sportsmanlike manner should be content to see them " throw off," and
then satisfy themselves with a canter home, instead of making themselves ridiculous, and bringing discredit upon the sportsmen they are making feeble efforts to imitate. Conducted properly there is no fear of hunting becoming unpopular with farmers. It is a sport congenial to almost all persons with rural tastes, and with its healthy excitement and ample exercise, forms a pleasant relief, to those who can afford it, from wearying and irksome pursuits. Moreover, there is no question that whereever hunting is common it tends to improve the breed of horses. A racer in these days of light weights and handicaps is frequently good for nothing off the "turf," but most of the finest qualities of a horse must be combined in one that can take a succession of strong post and rail fences, and live through a long run across country. The hunter is the beau ideal of a horse, and if breeders aim at such a standard there need be no fear of deterioration in our hacks. But as a Hunt Club cannot exercise on its own freehold, care should be taken not to injure or annoy those upon whose kind consent the very existence of such a Club must depend. Express and Telegraph.
(P.2,The South Australian Advertiser, 28-6-1869.)

Adam Lindsay Gordon couldn't have put it better!

Here's some information about some of the people involved in the story.
DUNN.Edmund Dunn was a trustee for the Methodist church and despite dodging the toll gate near Viewpoint by exiting his property in different directions according to his destination,he was a peace-loving man like those in the Methodist Nash,Parr and Wright families. However when wrong was triumphing over right, he stood his ground,just like another Methodist leader at Tullamarine,Tommy Loft, about 60 years later, who had the Junction Hotel closed; Cec and Lily Green were later shown a bullet, lodged in an inside door,which had been fired during an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the pub! Edmund had complained not only about his crushed crops,but also about ewes that were so traumatised that they could not drop their lambs.

DELAHEY. I have tried to find what kind of farming the Delaheys were carrying out on their large area of land between Milleara Rd and the river but without success. I suspect that he was a grazier and would have had few crops likely to be trampled.

GOYDER. This was probably Frank Goyder,mentioned by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN,who later owned part of John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park at Pascoe Vale and owned some good racehorses.

MADDEN. Probably the lawyer/supplier of horses to the Indian army, who renamed Hugh Glass's "Flemington" as "Travancore"-which when subdivided was given street names from India, Cashmere being a corruption of Kashmir. Waldock's lawyer; probably Sir John Madden.

PYKE. Squatter on the Upper Werribee run who was granted much land near Ballan. Pyke's Flat seems to be the site of Pyke's Creek reservoir.

WALDOCK. Sam Waldock was a racehorse trainer at Flemington but advertised his establishment and many of his horses for sale early in 1867. (P.2, Argus, 2-1-1867.)

On Saturday last Mr. Waldock, the Flemington trainer, who has undertaken the mastership of the Melbourne hounds, brought them out for the first time this season. At one o'clock the space in front of the Racecourse Hotel, which was the fixture for the occasion was a scene of much bustle and liveliness, being scattered over with carriages, horsemen, and horsewomen, among the latter of whom the Misses Manners Sutton* filled a
conspicuous place, though they only accompanied their brothers as far as the throw-off.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian, Saturday 13 June 1868 p 3 Article.)
*Their father Sir John Manners-Sutton was the governor and soon after became Viscount Canterbury during his tenure, thus accounting for the first two names for BLAIRGOWRIE.

I'm fairly sure that Sam Waldock,who ran the Red House hotel at Northcote in 1866 (RACING AT NORTHCOTE.
The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1870) Monday 22 October 1866 p 2 Article) later owned the Laurel Hotel in Ascot Vale.

MITCHELL. The manager of the model farm was Josiah Mitchell. I suspect that the model farm,about 160 acres,was the northern part of Royal Park.It was definitely near the Royal Park Station where 5 acres of the old model farm was planted with mulberry trees in an attempt to establish a silk industry. Because of the farm, West Brunswick residents had to go four miles instead of one to reach Flemington Rd. The Industrial School (Turana?) was built on one of its paddocks, as was the mental institution which led to the creation of Oak St.

Cause of Rust in Wheat. We have received a pamphlet entitled 'The Cause of Rust in
Wheat,' being a paper read at Ballarat by Mr.Josiah Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne,together with a discussion thereupon. (South Australian Register, Saturday 20 February 1869 p 2 Article.)

ACCIDENT TO A VALUABLE HORSE.-A valuable mare, the property of Mr Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne, met with a frightful death on Saturday last, by jumping a low picket fence dividing the farmyard from an enclosure near the house. The leap, it would appear, was taken to avoid the attack of another mare, and in going over the low fence one of the sharp pointed pickets ripped open the belly of the animal; the bowels fell out on the spot, and the mare, after staggering for a few yards, dropped dead. Farmers will do well to avoid placing low " model fences " with sharp pointed pickets around their farmyards. (P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 15-7-1869.)

MANSFIELD. The farm where damage was caused could have been on 16 Doutta Galla near the south west corner of the present Essendon Aerodrome, 22C Doutta Galla near the site of Westfield Airport Shoppingtown, Mansfield's Triangle, between Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd (all Sam Mansfield),the 80 acre site of the Melbourne Airport terminal building (John Mansfield) or along Mansfields Rd near the historic Roseleigh homestead (David Mansfield.)

SHARP. This was James Sharp who had bought part of Foster's "Springs" (21 Doutta Galla)in about 1867. Sharps Rd,the boundary between the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine was named after James Sharp.

If only the Melbourne hunt had taken the advice of Mr Browne in 1866. He was on Camp Hill, of which Mansfield's Triangle had been a part before being sold off by Eyre Evans Kenny. He had a little girl named Pattie who later married Alfred Deakin. She remembered the injured deer in her later life. ("One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows,the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat
them." WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO BUILD AUSTRALIA No. 3 of Series: Pattie Deakin
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated.

Sir,-Will you kindly, through the columns of your paper, allow me to suggest to the members of the Melbourne Hunt, and to the master of the hounds in particular, the propriety of choosing localities where there is
little cultivated land as the places for holding their " meets ?"
Last Saturday, had not tho stag unfortunately broken his leg as he was going down a steep hill on my property, he would have run through my crops, and those of the neighbouring farmers, followed by about a couple of hundred horsemen, which, as the crops are now up a good height, would have done considerable damage. As it was, a number of the horsemen, and one or two parties in conveyances, in coming to and returning from where the lame stag stood,instead of keeping on the farm-yard road, up which the stag had run, rode and drove over the ploughed land, lately sown with expensive grate-seeds, for about a quarter of a mile alongside of this road, because it was a little rough.
I should be the last person to say a word to discourage hunting, even if it were in my power to do so; and I would not have troubled you with this communication were there not many localities round Melbourne where there is little or no cultivation equally as suitable for the hounds to meet as the agricultural districts of Moonee Ponds and Broadmeadows. I feel sure the suggestion I have made will be endorsed by most, if not all, of the farmers in the neighbourhood, and considered reasonable by even the members of the hunt themselves.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, AN OLD SPORTSMAN. Camp-hill, July 17. ((P.5, Argus, 19-7-1866.)

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