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ABERFELDIE NEAR ESSENDON, VIC., AUST. (HOW SPRING HILL BECAME ABERFELDIE.)

I found this advertisement while researching 22E Doutta Galla re Airport West.

Aberfeldie was originally called "Spring Hill" by James Robertson Snr of "Upper Keilor". When he died, "Mar Lodge" passed to his son, Francis, a bachelor who became a politician,and "Spring Hill" to another son,James. The latter stayed at Upper Keilor to care for his mother but after her death,he built a mansion on Spring Hill and called it Aberfeldie.

TO Let by Tender, on Lease for Seven Years or more, one of the most desirable Farms in the colony of Victoria, and only five miles distant from the city, known as Springhill,
The property of James Robertson, Esq., of Keilor, situate in the parish of Doutta Galla, and consisting of 180 acres of rich agricultural land, entirely fenced in, and at present in cultivation.
A dwelling-house is already erected, and the proprietor of the property is disposed to treat liberally with a tenant who may desire to make improvements.
Entry will be given on the first of March next.
Further information may be obtained on application to G. MILLAR, Estate Factor, 32 Queen-street, Melbourne.

(P.3, Argus,21-11-1855.)

Spring Hill was the most southerly of many properties whose names referred to springs. William Foster called his grants (3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla) "Springs",probably due to a never-failing spring at Melway 5K12 in what became Edmund Dunn's "Viewpoint",feeding a creek that crossed Broadmeadows Road (now Mickleham Rd) and Macedon Road (now Melrose Drive ) and, following the east boundary of today's Leo Dineen Reserve, passed through the present right of way to meet the western branch of Spring Creeknear the end of Clyne Court. Spring Creek then joined Steeles Creek (which flows through Spring Gully)just south of the boundary between "Springs" and "Springfield" at Melway 15 F7, that point being a water reserve.Another tributary of Steeles Creek starts in Airport West and flows through "Spring Park" to join up just south of the A.J.Davis Reserve.
Wilson and James Anderson's farm on Main's Estate, west of Hoffman's Rd was called Springbank. Dugald McPhail bucked the trend and called his farm (between Rosehill rd and Buckley St)"Rose Hill".

MAURICE QUINLAN AND ABERFELDIE.
Bookmaker Maurie died in 1918 and his residence, the Aberfeldie mansion, was advertised for sale along with part of Airport West and many farms near Bulla.


"ABERFELDIE", Essendon, the residence of the late Mr Quinlan consisting of handsome bluestone dwelling, containing 9 rooms, bathroom, pantry,scullery, and large vestibule, bluestone stable (5 stalls, loose box, feed room, harness room), man's quarters, and sheds. Land 300ft frontage west side Aberfeldie street situated within ten minutes' walk of Essendon railway station, off Buckley street, and commanding a position that is entitled to be designated as superb.
(P.3,Argus, 26-4-1919.)

Anyone wishing to know more about the mansion or the development of Aberfeldie should visit the Essendon Historical Society's Courthouse Museum at Moonee Ponds.

AIRPORT WEST, VIC,. AUST.

I just received another query. I might as well share the information. Unfortunately, I must write this journal off the top of my head, with a little help from trove, as I no longer have all the sources that I would have been quoting a decade ago, such as rates transcriptions, the Doutta Galla parish map, Keilor Souvenirs (1950, 1961 and 1963) etc.

Hi xxxxx,

Hope you are well. Just wondering if you know when Matthews Avenue and its associated suburb was built.

The Matthews Avenue referred to is the eastern boundary of Airport West. The western boundary of this suburb is the Albion-Jacana railway line,built in 1928,which separates Airport West from Keilor Park. The suburb was the birthplace of a company called Associated Radio. On a block fronting both Victory and Marshall Streets, the company had a big transmission tower. The company was later bought out by the Australian Broadcasting Commission which called its station 3AR; I trust you've worked out where the two letters in the station's name came from. The transmission tower was eventually replaced by one at St Albans.(Much detail in one of the three Keilor Souvenirs mentioned.)

A BROADCASTING ACTION.
WRIT FOR DAMAGES ISSUED Melbourne, September 11.
Acting on behalf of Alfred Louis Brown, of Rundle-street, Adelaide, Messrs. Madden, Butler, Elder. and Graham, to-day issued a Supreme Court writ, directed against the Associated Radio Company of Australia, of Elizabeth-street; Walter Conder, of Exhibition-street: the Victorian Broadcasting Company, of Queen-street; and J. C. Williamson, Limited, of Exhibition-street. From the Associated Radio Company, the plaintiff claims damages for a breach of several agreements, under which the plaintiff alleges that he was to have the option of purchasing the broadcasting undertakings of the defendant, including an A class broadcasting station license, and all land and buildings and appliances situated and installed on the Victory Estate at Essendon; also all other appliances used for broadcasting, for 10,000. etc. (P.19,The Advertiser, Adelaide, 12-9-1928.)

(The A.B.C. seems to have acquired 3LO from the Australian Broadcasting Co. shortly after June 1932 and 3AR from Associated Radio during 1933.Associated Radio was being sued by creditors in 1935.

ANSWER TO THE QUESTION.
The Morgan family of Niddrie - National Library of Australia
catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/1751713
Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Author: Morgan, Richard, 1917-; Format: Book; 157 p. : geneal. tables, maps, ports. ; 21 cm.

This book should be available from the Brimbank or Moonee Valley library system and contains a subdivision plan of the property. Matthews Ave was one of the streets shown but was only a short street, not a through street from Keilor Rd to the northern boundary. Treadwell Rd (part of which in the aerodrome is called Nomad Rd) extended to Bulla Rd creating the Triangular estate of small farms*, Mrs Ford's lolly shop etc. This probably accounts for the bottleneck described in the following article. In about 1943, the Tullamarine Progress Association discovered that Bulla Rd was to be closed because of Airport expansion. Matthews Ave might have been extended because of the closure of Treadwell Rd at this time as well.
(*The late Jim Hume, long-time President of the Broadmeadows Historical Society, lived on one of these farms.)

Tramway Extension.
Reference to a proposed extension of the Essendon tramway service to the aerodrome led to the shire engineer (Mr. Pullar) remarking that no official announcement had been made. He understood the extension might be along either Bulla road, Treadwell road or Matthews avenue, but that he had no definite information. Cr. Parsons considered Treadwell road to be better than Bulla road. Wherever trams went, the district extended and developed. The council should fight for Treadwell road. As long as the aerodrome was served the military did not care which route was followed. The Bulla road extension was not warranted. If Bulla road were adopted, the line should not go past the aerodrome for reasons of safety. With the existing parking trouble it would only create a death trap. The line might go up through the centre of the plantations, but not through the bottle-neck past the aerodrome. The council should use its influence to prevent that. There were enough bottle-necks in the metropolitan area already. Cr. Davis said he understood the trouble was caused by inability to get sufficient buses. Cr. Parsons: I was told the tram would be running up Bulla Road in five weeks. It was decided to write to Cr. W. Parks .(Essendon Council), local representative on the Tramways Board, asking, him to take action to prevent a line being put through the Bulla road bottle neck at the aerodrome. ((P.3,Sunshine Advocate, 7-8-1942, KEILOR COUNCIL.)

Re the following article-
If I remember correctly, Martin St was on "Niddrie", as most of the "valuable building blocks" would have been. One of the houses that would have to be removed would have been the homestead built by Sam Mansfield on his grants on section 16 Doutta Galla (near the present south-west corner of Essendon Airport (Melway 16 C9 roughly.)

KEILOR SHIRE COUNCIL. A deputation of Parliamentary and Municipal representatives of Keilor and Broadmeadows shires waited upon the Minister for Air and Civil Aviation (Hon. A: S. Drakeford), last Friday. Dec. 4. They presented a petition from 330 people directly concerned, and the plea of the ratepayers generally of the two shires, that the proposed expansion of the Essendon Aerodrome and its activities, which would be a disturbing element, be not proceeded with. The Keilor Shire contends that the proposition will be very detrimental to the shire, as many good building blocks will be used and a number of the ratepayers' houses will have to be removed. (P.4, Sunshine Advocate, 11-12-1942.)

It can safely be assumed that Matthews Ave had been made to a reasonable standard to the northern boundary of "Niddrie" by the time the tramway opened.

SOLDIERS IN NORTH WANT ACTION
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 14 May 1943 p 12 Article
... Essendon station and the aerodrome. The first tram on week days will leave Eliza- beth st at 6.13am and ... Chinese Legation in Australia. ESSENDON DROME TRAM BEGINS SUNDAY The tramway extension to Essendon aerodrome will operate from Sunday, Mr H.-JI. Bell, chairman Tramways Board, said yesterday. Trams will ... 313 words

The reason for the name of Airport West was the proliferation of industry associated with the aerodrome such as N.I.C. (National Instrument Company) which fronted Matthews Ave.




It might surprise many people that Airport West had its own hotel in the 19th Century. It was called the Travellers' Rest Hotel and sat on a nine acre block (today bounded by Matthews Ave, Dromana Ave, Louis St and a line just south of Rood St) owned by J.B.Howse. (Titles Office Volume 29 folio 783.)The Oaklands Hunt often assembled at the Travellers' Rest, four times in 1899.

The hotel was described as being in Tullamarine (as were James Sharp's "Hillside" and Maurice Crotty's "Broomfield" on the south side of Sharps Rd) because the land between the aforementioned farms and Niddrie, Spring Park and Springfield (fronting Keilor Rd and extending to the line of Spence-Fraser St) had no locality name. The Thomas family took over Hillside in about 1943 and renamed it Carinya Park,the property becoming the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club. Joe Thomas's wife, Edie, was living at 160 Matthews Ave, East Keilor in 1954, probably while Joe was extending the old Hillside homestead. I haven't time to check now but the condolences she had received were probably related to the death of their young son Barrie, after whom Barrie Rd on part of Carinya Park was named.

THOMAS - Mrs E THOMAS and Family 160 Matthews avenue Keilor East and Relatives wish to THANK friends for beautiful floral tributes letters telegrams cards and personal expressions of sympathy in their recent sad be- reavement. (P.19, Argus, 4-9-1954.)



FIRE AT TULLAMARINE.
AN HOTEL DESTROYED
A fire broke out at 23 minutes past 3 a.m. on Sunday at the Travellers' Rest Hotel Bulla road, Tullamarine of which Mr E.J. Wilson is the licensee, The building was a wood and iron structure, one- storey, and contained nine rooms. A firm hold was established by the flames, and the efforts of four hose carts and 14 men with hand pumps failed to save it from total destruction. There was no insurance on the building, which was the property of Mr J Howse. The contents, destroyed were insured for 100.(P.6, Argus, 4-12-1899.)



Somewhere I have written details of Airport West being officially so-named decades after the name came into common useage. Hopefully I'll find these details. One of the aforementioned souvenirs had a big article about Airport West.You could access these souvenirs through the Keilor Historical Society.

Luckily I had quoted part of the Airport West article in my other QUINLAN journal and I have pasted it below.

So it can be seen that this quote from the article AIRPORT WEST WAS OAT FARMS in PROCLAMATION OF THE CITY OF KEILOR 29-4-1961 was based on fact:
The 260 acre farm of Dr. Morgans father (i.e. NIDDRIE) and the farm of a neighbour, Maurice Quinlan, occupied much of what is today Airport West and the airport. (Niddrie was actually 249 acres but thats another matter.)

The part of Airport West south of Fraser St houses was originally three crown grants; heading west from Treadwell Rd, they were Niddrie, Spring Park and Springfield.

NIDDRIE.
Niddrie was crown allotment 17B of the parish of Doutta Galla, consisting of 249 acres, situated entirely on the northside of Keilor Rd between Treadwell Rd and the midline of Grange Rd and Bowes Avenue. Although this name, bestowed by Harry Stevenson, crept south to describe the present "locality" of Niddrie (Nicholson and J.P.Main's grants), both Niddrie primary and high schools used the name. My 1999 Melway shrewdly described the location of Elstone Ave as being in both Airport West and Niddrie but Cameron St as being in Airport West only.

Between 1843 and 1851, the Scottish settler, Thomas Napier (18021881) purchased the Keilor Road land covering Niddrie and Airport West. In 1869, Napier sold this 249-acre (1.01 km2) land to Henry Stevenson (18101893). By 1871, Stevenson had built a house he named Niddrie, after his birthplace of Niddrie, a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland. After his death in 1893 the property was transferred to his wife Elizabeth who sold it to Patrick Morgan eight years later.

A Keilor East Post Office opened on 1 July 1947 and was renamed Niddrie around 1956. The Niddrie North office opened in 1960, though it was known as Airport West from 1974 until 1982.[4] (Niddrie wikipedia.)

Who ever wrote this entry in wikipedia can be excused for thinking that Thomas Napier's grant straddled Keilor Rd and included the area now known as Niddrie.

SPRING PARK.
Spring Park was crown allotment 17A of the parish of Doutta Galla,consisting of 193 and 3/4 acres, adjoining the western boundary of Niddrie and extending west to the line of Olive Grove, Hansen Reserve being in its north west corner.It was granted to spirit merchants, Owen Connor and Patrick Phelan but they became insolvent. Angela Evans and colleagues told (in KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES) how Phelan's daughter had married Connor's son and Springfield (see below)evaded the creditors' clutches. Owen Connor had returned to Ireland but sent a letter written with an Irish accent! William and Sarah Connor shared with James Harrick the farming of the Keilor Park area for many decades.

CONNOR. On the 27th August, at her residence,5 Williams-road, Moonee Ponds, Sarah, relict of the late William Connor, of Keilor, aged 58 years. (P.1, Argus, 28-8-1903.)

DILLONCONNOR.On the 24th April, at St. Monica's R.C. Church, Essendon, by the Rev. Father Nolan, James, only son of James Dillon, 84 Napier-street, Essendon, to Ellen (Nelly), eldest daughter of Sarah and the late William Connor, "The Franklyn," Keilor.
So that's where William and Sarah Connor lived! The Franlyn was actually the Sir John Franklin Hotel, built by Henry Eldridge on the east corner of Keilor Rd and Collinson St, Keilor Park.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 14 December 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... The Funeral to move from his residence, Sir John Franklin Hotel, Keilor-road, this day, Monday, at twelve o'clock noon. JOHN DALEY, Undertaker, corner La Trobe and Spring Streets, Melbourne. ... Funeral Notices. --- THE Friends of Mr. HENRY ELDRIDGE are re- spectfully invited to follow ... 62 words



The last to farm Spring Park as an entire farm was William Johnson. The Johnson family also owned Glendewar and leased Cumberland before moving back to Glendewar(probably when Alexander McCracken's beautiful Cumberland homestead was burnt down;its ruins can be seen at Melway 178 C12.)

JOHNSON. On the 28th September 1913 at "Glendewar," Tullamarine,James Alexander,the dearly loved third son of Mrs. W. and the late William Johnson,late of "Spring Park," Essendon aged 39 years.(P.1, Argus,30-9-1913.)

The McNamara brothers had farmed Spring Farm and other parts of Airport West for many years so it is fitting that Spring Park is bisected by McNamara Ave.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Thursday 23 July 1903 p 1 Family Notices
... farmer, who died at Spring-park, Essendon, 23rd July, 1901. "May her soul rest in peace." -(Inserted ... Mary E. McNamara, who died at Sping-park, Essendon, on July 23. R.I.P. (In- serted by her ... B. Ballantine, F. M. Robertson and G. B. Cabena.) McNAMARA.--In ... 636 words

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Thursday 29 October 1903 p 1 Family Notices
... missed (Inserted by her lov- ing husband, John T. Lee.) McNAMARA.--In sad and loving remembrance of our affectionate father, Patrick McNamara, who died at "Spring-Park," Kesendon, October 29, 1896.

An advertisement of the subdivision of the Spring Park Estate into 44 small farms appeared on page 1s of the Independent (Footscray) on 20-3-1915. The so-called plan shows Spring Park enormously out of scale, with Morgan's "Niddrie" seeming to have a twentieth of the road frontage shown for the Spring Park Estate. Edwin Roberts was the developer; hence Roberts Rd.

The sale of the Spring Park Estate caused problems for Patrick Morgan of Niddrie, who wanted to continue farming.
Mr. P. Morgan, who owns 250 acres adjoining the property recently cut up and sold by Mr. Roberts, was also in attendance to object to the assessment of his land. The land was valued by the State at 19 per acre, and he contended that the assessment was unfair and should not have been accepted as a basis for making the shire valuation. Cr. Delahey: In order to exist as a shire we were compelled to increase valuation. Mr. Morgan said the increase in his case was from 240 to 380, and the valuation was prospective. He bought the land at 14 per acre, and that was as much as it was worth to-day. The land did not return more now than when it was bought. It was simply valuing a farm as if it were cut up in building allotments. , Cr. Parr: The land adjoining has been submitted to auction and brought high prices. The question arises whether Mr. Morgan is using the land to the best advantage. Mr. Morgan contended that he was using the land to the best advantage. Cr. McFarlane: It has been publicly stated that you have refused 40 per acre for the land. Mr. Morgan: I have never received such an offer. I bought it 15 years ago at 14 per acre. It is simply farming and grazing land. Cr. Parr: The same might be said of land in Buckley Park. If Essendon annexed this territory, I wonder what the valuation would be. Mr. Morgan said that probably many of those who bought the land adjoining his property would never go through with their payments. The auctioneers told them to buy by the acre and sell by the foot. The Land was boomed, and values were inflated by its proximity to the Essendon boundary. Cr. White: And Essendon claims that our values are too low. Mr. Morgan: I do not think I could get 25 an acre cash for my land. In my opinion even the old valuation was too high. The matter was referred to committee...etc.
(P.1, Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla, and Broadmeadows Reporter, 18-1-1917.)

SPRINGFIELD.
Springfield was crown allotment 18b of the parish of Doutta Galla,consisting of 151 acres and adjoining Spring Park on the west, extending west to the corner of Keilor Rd and Roberts Rd. Thus it was part of Edwin Robert's Spring Park Estate.

NORTH OF FRASER ST.
EXTRACT FROM MY "EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA" (NOT A JOURNAL.)
SECTION 22.

The boundaries of section 22 are indicated by: Thomas St/Barrie Rd, Sharps Rd, Nomad Rd. and the Fraser/ King St. midline. Information regarding its occupants comes mainly from Keilor Shires rate records except for lots B and D, which were in Broadmeadows Shire.

ALLOTMENT F of 147 acres between Fraser St. And Parer Rd., was granted to early squatters, A.Wright and J.& T.Crighton in 1848 and in 1868 it was being farmed by John Commons. Its eastern boundary was the same as for allotment E.

ALLOTMENT E consisted of 128 acres and extended north to Moore Rd. In 1868 it is likely that Sam.Mansfield had lot E as well as his 56 acres in section 16 and 87 acres in 22c as another property of 130 acres is listed. At the turn of the century, Robert G.Stevenson was leasing lot F, part of St Johns between Bulla Rd and Treadwell Rd (Wirraway and Nomad Rds.), lot E (which was mistakenly called lot G) and a few small blocks between Bulla Rd. And a now-closed road*. This gave him a total of 329 acres.

(* This road left Bulla Rd. at Webb St. to run to the corner of English St. and Nomad Rd., the n.w. Corner of section 16. The 1860 survey map shows this road finishing at the north boundary of 17B. It may have been the original road to the Springs or the old Macedon Rd,which title deeds show to have cut, respectively, though section 15 and section 21.)

Rupert Percy Steele was leasing Niddrie and a memo reveals that Steele had taken over lot F and Maurice Quinlan lot E plus the s.w. Corner of St. Johns.

ALLOTMENT C, between Moore St. And Dromana Ave., granted to J.P.Fawkner, was occupied in 1868 by: Sam. Mansfield 87 acres, J.B.Howse 17 acres and Catherine Howse 9 acres and licenced house. This was the Travellers' Rest (whose location is already described in this journal.) The occupancy of 22C, which contains much of Westfield Shoppingtown, had not changed much in 1900. Sam Mansfield still had 68 acres, J.B.Howse, who now owned John Hall's "South Wait" across Bulla Rd, had 40 acres and Edmund Tucker had the 9 acres on which the Travellers' Rest had stood.

Crown allotment 22A, between Sharps Rd (now Caterpillar Drive) and Dromana Ave,mostly across the railway line from Airport West, was mainly farmed as part of Hillside/ Carinya Park. Joe Thomas sold the majority of the 87 acre block to Caterpillar prior to 1956. The Tullamarine Progress Association was concerned that the Caterpillar factory would mess up the area but Percy Hurren of Dalkeith reassured his fellow members, and he was right.

Extract from my journal MAURICE QUINLAN AND OAKLANDS RD, BULLA.
NORTH ESSENDON comprises about 26 ACRES, situated on the main Bulla road, about 1 1/4 miles from the Keilor road electric tram terminus. This property is beautifully fenced, and bordered with live hedges and groups of flourishing handsome gums. Also, about 160 acres separated by a road. It is proposed to subdivide and submit this latter block into 10 allotments, in areas of from about 9 acres to 28 acres each, thus affording persons in quest of farmlets or accommodation paddocks near the city the opportunity of participating in the distribution.
(P.3,Argus, 26-4-1919.)- RE SALE OF QUINLAN'S FREEHOLDS.

STOCK GRAZED IN RESIDENTIAL AREA At the meeting of the Keilor shire council last Saturday a letter was re- ceived from a number of ratepayers owning land in the Victory Estate, North Essendon, complaining of sheep being grazed continually in portions of the Victory Estate and stating that the practice was unhealthy and offensive. The council decided to ask for the names of the offenders with a view to taking legal action.
(P.6, Sunshine Advocate, 9-10-1936.)

SHEEP AND CATTLE. Sheep grazing on vacant land at North Essendon was referred to in a communication received from F. B. Roberts, who said 1000 acres were concerned, carrying some thousands of sheep. Differences arose between drovers, some of whom left dead sheep lying about. Drovers could not carry on with out supervision. He had bought a property to handle sheep between his place at Mickleham and the Melbourne market, and had tried to keep things shipshape in the district, to avert a crisis.(P.3, Sunshine Advocate, 12-6-1942.)
As this concerned Keilor Council, North Essendon meant on the west side of Bulla Rd, north of the Essendon boundary(which was north of Keilor Rd), so the land being grazed was probably the part of Essendon Aerodrome south west of Bulla Rd (part of which is now Wirraway Rd), and Airport West.

The un-named road separating the 160 acres from the 26 acre triangle described as North Essendon was Treadwell Rd. Both of these properties were described in detail in my earlier QUINLAN journal.

North Essendon land 220 acre
A block of 74 acres of vacant land at North Essen- don, west of the aerodrome, and about half a mile west of the tramline, was sold at auction yesterday for 220 an acre, or 10,280.(P.7,Argus, 20-11-1954.)

PASCOE VALE AND STRATHMORE., VIC., AUST.

Much information about Pascoe Vale, Oak Park, the naming of roads (Bell St after Bell Manor, O'Hea's Rd after Father O'Hea) and locations (Westbreen school after West and Breen etc) can be found in Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, the history of the City of Coburg. BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY has quite a lot about Pascoeville,the Young Queen,Belle Vue and John Kernan/Merai.

Bruce Barber's website on the history of Strathmore supplies information from rate books and other sources about Strathmore.To locate Bruce's website, google HISTORY OF STRATHMORE, RAY or you'll have to wade through countless pages about Strathmore in Canada.

From Harry Heaps at Tullamarine to Ron Doig at Tootgarook, everyone seems to have have told me about a plane crash in the early days of aviation. Here's one about a crash at Pacca.

PLANE FORCED DOWN IN PADDOCK
Forced down by engine trouble, a light plane, piloted by Mr Howard Morris of North Essendon made an emergency landing yesterday afternoon in a paddock near Cumberland road, Pascoe Vale. Neither Mr Morris nor Mr McFarlane of Coburg, a passenger, was injured. The plane was only slightly damaged. After the wings were removed the ma- chine was towed back to the Essendon aerodrome.(P.2, Argus, 16-12-1937.)

THE BOARD TRACK AT NORTH ESSENDON.
This article is about Jack Campbell, the man who owned the board track. Only part of the article appears here.

He moved back to his old hunting ground (the Motordrome)in 1934 with an agreement he thought was "water tight." However, there was a loop- hole, and after two years he was forced to look for a new venue for his races. He bought a block of land at North Essendon, and within a month shifted the whole track there and had racing in full swing. That was 12 years ago, and the Campbell era of cycling now is drawing to a close.
(P.10, Argus, 1-5-1951.)

BOARD TRACK CHANGE
Site at Essendon
The Broadmeadows Council yesterday approved a proposal for the transfer of board track cycle racing from the Exhibition to a site near the Napier Park coursing ground. The work of re-erecting the track would cost about 4 000.
Councillor Mutton said that it was merely a proposal to transfer the Exhibition track to North Essendon. He thought the track would be a great acquisition to the district.
An amendment to defer consideration for a fortnight to enable the people of North Essendon to express their views was defeated.
After the council had granted the application Mr J Campbell said that he was the promoter of the proposal. An area of about seven acres of land had been obtained about 100 yards from the North Essendon railway station Legal action had forced him and his partner to leave the Exhibition.
If a track were not obtained for the coming season professional and amateur cycling would decline and Olympic Games aspirants would not be afforded facilities to prepare themselves for Finland. Racing would be held on Wednesday and Saturday nights. (P.15, Argus, 1-9-1939.)
The Station is now called Strathmore. It would be clearer to say that the Napier Park greyhound track and the board track were on opposite sides of the railway line, not of the station.

The site is on the opposite side of the station to the coursing ground. Work on the new track will begin on Monday, and the first races will be held on the first

Saturday in November.

ROSEBANK.
Rosebank, one of Strathmore's historic houses, was built by Barber, who was part of one of Melbourne's early law firms before moving to Warrnambool. He was buried at Warrnambool.
DEATH. BARBER.-On the 21st March, at his residence, "Rosebank," Wood land-street, North Essendon, George Page Barber; also of Staywood Park, Warrnambool, in his 76th year. (P.2, Warrnambool Standard, 24-3-1914.)

The shire of Broadmeadows was huge in 1944, stretching as far north as Wallan. Most of the councillors were farmers and although money had been set aside for facilities at Strathmore,the Pascoe Vale residents (west of Northumberland Rd)were far from happy.This area was later transferred to the Coburg municipality.

At the Council Table Notes From Broadmeadows. THE JUNE MEETING OF THE BROADMEADOWS SHIRE COUNCIL WAS HELD AT NIGHT ON THE 29th-AND AT THE NIGHT GATHERINGS THERE IS ALWAYS A "GALLERY" OF INTERESTED RATE PAYERS. ON THIS OCCASION A DEPUTATION WAS IN ATTENDANCE, AND COUNCIL HEARD SOME UNDISGUISED CRITICISM OF ITS POLICY REGARDING STREETS AT PASCOE VALE. NOT MANY MATTERS RELATED TO THE "NORTH" WERE ON THE AGENDA.
(P.6, Kilmore Free Press, 13-7-1944.)




MERAI FARM.
There is some information from BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS in regard to this Pascoe Vale farm. John Pascoe Fawkner purchased section 151 of the parish of Jika Jika, consisting of 780 acres, on 1-8-1839.This land was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Ck, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Northumberland Rd and Gaffney St.

Fawkner was affected by the depression but was saved from bankruptcy by putting his property,Belle Vue or Grand View, in his wife's name. In 1842, the 218 acre part of the property east of Sydney Road (Pascoe Vale Rd)was sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom a section of Pascoe Vale Rd within the Township of Essendon was named)and was known from that time as Merai Farm. It was leased by Ashurst to various tenants, Joseph Burns being the first. John Kernan commenced leasing Merai Farm in 1856.

In 1871,John Kernan, by that stage owning or leasing about 500 acres in that area appeared before the Royal Commission on Noxious Trades and said that he'd improved the yield on his farms fifteen-fold on the poorer soil by using animal matter from the Maribyrnong meat Preserving Company as fertiliser. He had to confess that the smell was pretty strong.(P.63-4, B.A.F.H.; not in index.)

John Kernan died in 1879 and Merai Farm was carried on by his widow, Mary, and his son, John. The Kernans had not bought Merai Farm and in 1885, a group of Melbourne businessmen from Melbourne were parleying with the Ashurst family to buy the land.

John Kernan was a great friend of Michael Loeman of Glenloeman at Bulla according to Harry Peck of Hiawatha in Strathmore. John Kernan was supposed to have subdivided land in Strathmore and given Loeman's Rd (Strathmore) its name.

KERNAN,MERAI FARM ON TROVE.
John Kernan Jnr was still on Merai Farm in 1898.

FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 11 March 1898 p 3 Article
... FIELD TRIAL OF IMPLEMENTS. A field trial of agricultural implements took place yesterday at the farm of Mr. Jolm Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds. The trial, which was under the auspices biih w is undei tin nuspius of the louil Agutullut li ?o ntl, nts luteiulid lo bung out competition bctwien miihi ... 588 words

THE GRAND NATIONAL EXHIBITION AT GEELONG.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 12 October 1866 Supplement: Supplement to The Argus p 1 Article
... in foal-Board's prize, 10, J. F. Donaldson ; board's second prize, 10, John Kernan, Merai ; third ... farm purposes, also property of exhibitors-Board's prize, 6, Alfred Douglas, Geelong. Three Colts and ... 2256 words


BACCHUS MARSH AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL SOCIETY. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 October 1887 p 2 Detailed lists, results, guides
... Vale; second, 2; third, 1. 1st, John Kernan, Merai, Moonee Ponds, Switzerland; 2nd Hon H. Miller, ... Melbourne. Farm and Garden Produce-Mr. E. Richardson, Nagambie; Mr. D. S. Hughes, Lonsdale street, ... and G. Burnip. Farm and Garden Produce-Messrs. G. Dickie and H. Vallence. Implements and ... 7129 words

KERNAN, PASCOE VALE ON TROVE.
ROLL OF HONOUR
The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 Edition: Morning p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -4-- Lieut. E. J: Kernan, of "Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch; Town Hall, ... Ascot Vale, has been wound ed for the third time. and.. now an in-. mate of a hospital at Bouen, where ... 336 words

ROLL OF HONOUR
Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 11 October 1917 p 3 Article
... ROLL OF HONOUR -----+---- Lieut. E. J. Kernan. of '*Merai." Pascoe Vale, youngest son of Mr. John Kernan, died of wounds in France on September 22. He was employed at electric supply branch, Town

Obituary.
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 6 February 1930 Edition: MORNING p 2 Article
... 'Obituary., An old and highly esteemed resident of Pascoe Vale. passed away to eternal reward when -Mr John Kernan departed; this life on 28th ultimo. The deceased,, who:had.been in rather delicate health1 for some. time,.was 7.4 years ofage, spent, most. of his .long life in-.the district; .

KERNAN, JIKA JIKA ON TROVE.
Advertising
North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Friday 22 January 1886 p 3 Advertising
... the Pascoo Railway Station, and the well-known residence of Messrs. J. M. Peak, Kernan, Anderson ... of December, 1885
(This article seems to indicate that John Kernan Jnr was living in present-day Strathmore.)

TUESDAY JULY 14
CLEARING SALE Of DAIRY CATTLE &C.,At MERAI, PASCOEVALE
WM ADAMSON and Co have received instructions from Mr John Kernan Merai Pascoevale to SELL,as above through their auctioneer James McPhail.
The whole of his choice herd of dairy cattle,
horses and dairy utensils as under -
123 HEAD of CATTLE,
Comprising 80 cows in full milk 23 springers,20 heifers 12 to 20 months old the progeny of the above cows.
HORSES 5 saddle and harness horses
DAIRY UTENSILS. 2 refrigerators
15 milk cans and numerous other articles used in connection with a dairy.
Everything offered will be sold as Mr Kernan s instructions to us are to sell without the slightest reserve. We would draw attention to the fact that there are no store cows or strippers amongst the Milkers they being all cows in full milk, and cows that we can highly recommend to those in want of first class milkers.
The sale of cattle will start at one o clock sharp. Luncheon provided.

Trains leave Spencer street Station for Pascoevale at 8.37 a m and 12 noon.
Wm. Adamson and Co 408 Bourke street.(P.2,Argus, 13-7-1891.)


Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Monday 1 March 1886 p 2 Advertising
... luitrueted by John Kernan, Esq., to SELL by AI'011 ON' at Mcrai, .Moonee Ponds, Pmscoevale-road, on .

John Kernan had probably been concentrating on hay production, draught horses and elevators being among the items on sale. Ashurst must have sold Merai but the subdivision possibly stalled. Therefore another 5 year lease seems to have been negotiated with John turning to dairying; hence the clearing sale of 1891.

Advertising
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 3 April 1886 p 2 Advertising
... that valuablo freehold property, being part of Crown Allotments 150 and 151, parish Jika Jika, countv ... Is at present In the occupation of Mr. J. Kernan, and It is splendid FARM LAND. The crops obtained ...

The description of Merai containing land in crown allotment 150 puzzled me but I figured it must have been a small parcel between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line and sure enough,there was the tiny Kernan Ave at Melway 16 K10.

The Kernans were pioneers of Somerton as well.
Coburg Police Court. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE.
The Coburg Leader (Vic. : 1890 - 1913) Saturday 23 May 1908 p 4 Article
... Coburg Police Court. rt. Tuesday, May 12th. SUNDAY TRADING CASE. John Francis Kernan, licensee of the 'Somerton, Hotel, pleaded guilty that being the licensee of licensed premises known as the Somerton Hotel in the Broadmeadows licensing district, a sale of liquor took place on such

John Kernan seems to have been the first licensee of the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel, built by Bulla pioneer,Tulip Wright. The following Gazette notice describes the hotel as being on the corner of Macedon and Keilor Roads. Over the years Bulla Rd was called Macedon Rd, Deep Creek Road, the Great Road to the Diggings (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854),Bulla Rd,Lancefield Rd, and now (north of Keilor Rd), it is called Bulla Rd, Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive.
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Tuesday 1 April 1851 p 2 Article
...esterson, Richmond ; John Kernan, junction of the Mount Macedon and Kielor roads C ... ; George Vutgo, Somerton ; Sarah Wulle, Pentridge.

EARLY ROADS.
Macedon Road was mentioned re the location of the hotel for which John Kernan wanted his licence.I found this when I entered "Sydney Road, Pascoeville.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 13th April, 1848.
ROADS.
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. ;
1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road.
2. Proposed Keila, or Portland Road, from the Mount Macedon Road, to Keila Bridge.
3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
Parish.
4. The old Sydney or Pascoeville Road,leading from the Mount Macedon Road to the New Sydney Road.
((P.4, The Melbourne Argus, 5-5-1848.

The first became Bulla Rd, the second Keilor Rd, the third Oaklands Rd and the fourth Pascoe Vale Rd.

JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER.
FOR SALE, at Pascoeville, orders for which will be received at the Patriot office, Melbourne, a small quan tity of Lucerne, and of twelve varieties of English Grasses, either for lawns or meadows. A few English Trees which have been nearly two years acclimatised, consisting of Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Maple, Acacia, Walnut, Chesnut, Filbert, and Spanish Chesnut. These persons who really delight in ornamenting their country residences Will be blind to their own interests if they neglect the present opportunity. JOHN P. FAWKNER.
(P.1, Geelong Advertiser,16-5-1842.)

No doubt Fawkner planted some of each type of tree on Belle Vue Park. Only one of the trees he planted remains; it is an oak. After Fawkner's widow, Eliza, died, John? English bought the property and built the double storey brick building which remains today. A later owner, Hutchinson, a Glenroy flour miller, renamed the property Oak Park because of all the oak trees Fawkner had plantedor so it had been written!

OAK PARK.
TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 26 April 1952 p 6 Article
... TODAY IS A POPULAR CHOICE FOR BRIDES Today will see a rush of weddings. It will be the most popular Saturday for marriage since the new year. One of today's biggest weddings. will be that of Patricia Catherine, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R, J. Hutchinson, Oak Park, Glenroy, to James Francis ... 238 words

Hutchinson was on Belle Vue by 1949 when Patricia's engagement was announced to another bloke.

He was there by 1945.
APPEAL ALLOWED
Mr Justice O'Bryan, in the Practice Court, upheld an appeal on behalf of Hutchinson's Finley Flour Milling and Agency Co Pty Ltd, of Hartington st, Glenroy, against a conviction and fine of 50 by Mr Nicholas, PM, at the City Court for an offence under the Prices Regulations. His Honour made the order nisi to review the decision absolute, with costs, and set aside the fine.


The appellant company had been fined on a charge of having overcharged for bran and pollard.

At the City Court there had been 10 charges of a similar nature against the company, and 10 against Robert Graham Hutchinson, of Oak Park, Glenroy, a director of the company.etc. (P.10, Argus, 2-3-1945.)

The farm had been called Oak Park much earlier than this.
ALCORN - In loving memory of George James eldest son of James and Annie Alcorn, and loving brother of Wallace and Jack accidentally killed at Pascoevale, November 1 1924. (Sadly missed by his loved ones at Oak Park Glenroy). (P>1, Argus, 1-11-1926.)

Subdivision of "Oak Park" began in 1946 and an aerial photo of the area in 1954 (on page 173 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) shows the homestead and the beautiful garden surrounding it in the centre with quite a few houses, especially near Pascoe Vale Rd.


Joseph English bought Belle Vue when Fawkner's widow, Eliza (nee Cobb) died in 1879. It is probable that he named the property Oak Park at about that time.Hutchinson did not bestow the suburb's name!
ENGLISH. On the 24th March, at "Oak Park," Glenroy, the wife of J. M. English a daughter.
(P.13, Argus, 14-4-1917.)


English St in Essendon Aerodrome was most likely named after Joseph or John English. Joseph let part of Belle Vue to either the Knights or Fred Morgan (can't remember which but the two families were related by marriage and one family was related to English)and their property was called The Pines. (Fred's place. See Victoria and Its Metropolis and BETWEEN TWO CREEKS.) Other tenants known to be on Belle Vue were Rob. Bryant,dairyman and Frank Goyder, a thoroughbred enthusiast mentioned in detail by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. Another occupant is mentioned in this report.

HUNTING Oaklands Club By Blue Top.
Meeting at Sherwood, Oaklands Junction on Saturday the Oaklands Hunt Club had a drag run to Glenroy. The throw-off was in the Sanatorium property through J.Attwood's Dundonald Estate to the Mickleham road which was crossed taking the field into K Campbell's Springbank, thence through Willowbank to J Walsh's, Andersons and Underwoods where hounds were checked near the bridge in Broadmeadows road. Taking up the line again in Pahoff's the pack raced down the valley into McLeans and then crossed the railway bridge Into Gibson's and on through Proudfoot's, Parker's and Morgan's to W.Burke's Oak Park where hounds threw up their heads near the dam after an excellent run of seven or eight miles.etc. (P.11, Argus, 28-6-1937.)

Follow the hunt on Melway.----------------------------------------------


FAWKNER'S MOTHER.
I think that Hannah Pascoe was really Australia's first saint. She performed a miracle! Hannah, from a well-to -do family married a silversmith who earned a free trip to Australia- as a convict. Did Hannah go back to her parents with her young son,where they would both prosper? No. Hannah chose to accompany her husband, John, halfway around the world to establish Victoria's first settlement at Sullivan Bay, near Sorrento, in 1803. She obviously worried about her son, John Fawkner being contaminated by the dregs of English society (as most of the convicts were), but she wanted to keep the family together.

When Collins relocated to Hobart after a few months because of supposed difficulty in obtaining fresh water, the locale changed but not the corrupting influence that could turn young John to a life of crime,laziness, drunkenness, cursing and so on. When John's father obtained his ticket of leave, he was granted some land but much of the income he earned from it was wasted on drink. Hannah and her son were facing a life of poverty.

Hannah was informed of an inheritance and had to return to England to claim it.Here was her chance to return to the comfortable life she had known before her marriage, and although C.P.Billot does not say in THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER whether she took her son with her,it is hard to imagine her leaving her son in the care of his drunken father. Hannah returned and it is almost certain that the various enterprises started later by John Fawkner in Launceston were made possible by Hannah's inheritance.

John Fawkner developed into a hard-working, community-minded, literate, law-abiding man. Considering the environment in which he grew up,that was Hannah's miracle. There was one slight blip on young John's record regarding the law but it illustrates his caring nature, generosity and championing of the cause of the common man rather than lawless tendencies. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825,the 33 year-old John Fawkner adopted her maiden name as a second given name as a mark of respect for everything that she had done for him.

When R.K.Morgan's old factory site on Gowanbrae was to be developed into a residential area,the Moreland Council asked for suggestions of street names.I was delighted that this wonderful woman was honoured by my suggestion of a street being named after her was adopted.(Hannah Pascoe Drive, Melway 16 C3.)

FAWKNER'S CO-OPERATIVES.
By googling "john pascoe fawkner, land co-operatives",I came up with the following:

Place: Victoria Bank
www.hume.vic.gov.au/files/.../VictoriaBankMelbourneAirport.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
the 1851 John Pascoe Fawkner land co-operative estate on Sections 13A and 13B Parish of. Tullamarine; for its association with the locally prominent Mansfield ...

[PDF]
Heritage story - Organ Pipes N.P. (PDF File 388.6 - Parks Victoria
parkweb.vic.gov.au/__data/.../Heritage-story-Organ-Pipes-N.P..pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
Batman's old rival, John Pascoe Fawkner. It is believed that Fawkner intended to subdivide the land and sell it to members of his Victoria Co-operative Freehold ...

Port Phillip Apostle No 3: John Pascoe Fawkner | The Resident ...
residentjudge.wordpress.com/.../port-phillip-apostle-no-3-john-pasco...
Nov 20, 2008 Now what on earth is John Pascoe Fawkner doing here? .... his plans for a Tradesman's bank and schemes for a co-operative land society.

Oh dear! The report on Victoria Bank contains some excellent research and documentation but unfortunately, the author has confused two different farms. More about that later.

My research in the titles office had given me the impression that little 5 foot 2 tall Johnny had obtained his grants (except for Belle Vue)on behalf of co-operatives consisting of his beloved yoeman farmers (as C.P.Billot put it.)These grants were Box Forest (now Hadfield); Coburg Central (parish of Jika Jika); 22C, Doutta Galla (now the Airport West Shoppingtown site south of Dromana Ave historically occupied mainly by J.B.Howse and Sam Mansfield); Section 7 Tullamarine; section 13 Tullamarine (bisected by Mansfields Rd) and Section 10 Tullamarine on Tullamarine Island (containing Cooper Rd and the part of Organ Pipes National Park east of the river.) I will not go on about the pioneers on these grants as this entry is about a pioneer of Oak Park, not Tullamarine etc.

There were two farms called Victoria Bank in Tullamarine's history and they were both owned by members of the
McNab family,not the Mansfields. The first one consisted of 160 acres of section 8 Tullamarine,with its northern boundary being an eastern extension of Barbiston Rd,the adjoining parts of section 8 being Seafield (John Grant) of 320 acres to the north and Oakbank(McNab) of 160 acres to the south. The MCNab who owned Victoria Bank moved to Lilydale and his son,Angus,returned to Tullamarine* and bought 93 or 95 acres fronting the north side of Barbiston Rd between Barbiston to the south and Aucholzie to the north.
(*Before 1888, exact year probably in the VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS entry for Angus.)

The member of the Mansfield family was talking about "Roseleigh" in Mansfields Rd (which is still standing and on land granted to John Pascoe Fawkner!) The author's confusion was probably caused by the homestead block of the second Victoria Bank (on the north corner of Barbiston and McNabs Rds) being called Rosebank by the Courtney-Shaws, whom I interviewed circa 1989 as well as videotaping the old brick house and beautiful garden. The website shows timber structures and if I remember correctly they fronted Barbiston Rd within the homestead block.


GREEN GABLES.(Melway 16 J9.)
This historic house was across the footbridge from Cook's Cottage (demolished and replaced by Red Rooster.) Green Gables was demolished in about 1989 for the construction of the Ruth Bednell Retirement Village. It was a two-storey weatherboard mansion on two acres. It could have been bought for a thousand pounds during world war 2. The house was used for prisoner rehabilitation after the war. (I believe this information came from Lenore Frost's book about Essendon's historic houses.)

COOK'S COTTAGE.
This cottage was built by John Murray Peck of Lebanon, according to the owner of Lebanon in 1989-90. Sam Merrifield gave its name as Wanganui in his house name index according to Lenore Frost but this was probably a guess at its spelling by a typesetter who had been given the name orally. Many newspaper advertisements for its sale spell the name as Wannaeue, the name of a parish containing McCrae, Rosebud, Tootgarook, the part of Rye east of Government Rd and Boneo north of Limestone Rd.

There is a claim on the Walking Melbourne website that the house was a changing station for Cobb and Co. As Peck moved into Lebanon in 1882 (having previously lived in Mascoma at Ascot Vale,recalled by a street name there), this claim,if true,should not be taken as an indication that the house was built in the 1850's. It was probably built after 1882 and as Cobb and Co was not likely to be providing a service on what had been a sleepy country road for a quarter of a century, the coach service was more likely to be run by a local operator.
(The Walking Melbourne website has some excellent history of the area with photos of the house built by English on the site of Fawkner's Belle Vue homestead, a classified Oak tree nearby- in Oak Park of course! Wentworth House (the La Rose homestead)and so on.
To find these photos and articles, google WALKING MELBOURNE, OLD SYDNEY ROAD.)

I no longer have my Broadmeadows Shire rate transcriptions but I am almost certain that Mrs Alexander McCracken was assessed on the house in 1920.She was John Murray Peck's daughter. Alex died in 1915 and his widow probably leased their country estate, Cumberland, out; the Johnsons of Glendewar moved onto Cumberland shortly afterwards but moved back to Glendewar later,probably because the beautiful homestead (whose cost ruined George Coghill) had burnt down. She may have done the same with the North Park mansion (now the Columban mission on the Essendon side of Woodland St) and moved to the cottage so she could be close to Lebanon and her brother, Harry's "Hiawatha" at the top of Kilburn St.

LA ROSE and MORELAND.(THE DOC,THE BRIDGE, LE CATEAU ST,THE ROBERTSONS, TRINIFOUR)
Dr Farquhar McCrae took the hippocratic oath but more than one person thought he was a hippocratic oaf. One was Alphabetical Foster who horsewhipped him because the doctor had dudded him in relation to the transfer of a squatting licence for a Run near Dandenong. (Streets in Dandenong are named after both of them.)His own brother, Andrew, who held the Arthurs Seat Run near Dromana, was struggling financially but Farquhar, who had borrowed money from him, made repeated excuses instead of repayments.

Farquhar was granted land in the parish of Jika Jika, which probably extended one or two hundred metres north and south of Moreland Rd. (I'd have to check the parish map to be sure which.)He named it "Moreland" after an uncle's plantation in Jamaica. However he bought La Rose, (which if I remember correctly had already passed from the grantee to another owner)and got Bulla pioneer Michael Loeman to manage it; Loeman later leased "Moreland"for 14 years. The first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek in Moreland Rd was called the Loeman Bridge.

According to Richard Broome in BETWEEN TWO CREEKS, McCrae built the core of Wentworth House but most of it was built by Coiler Robertson. He probably only spent a few years there before the horse-whipping saw him flee to Sydney.I have a feeling that Coiler Robertson bought the property in about 1845 but he was certainly there by May, 1849, as the electoral list for the County of Bourke (P.4, Argus, 1-5-1849)shows:
Robertson, Coiler,dwelling house,La Rose,Moonee Moonee Ponds.

This is slightly earlier evidence.
Ploughing match.-The farmers on the Moonee Moonee Ponds have formed themselves into a society under the designation of the Moonee Moonee Ponds Farmers' Society, formed on the model of the Farmers' Societies in Scotland, and they have so far matured their arrangements as to have appointed Friday next, the 28th instant, for holding their first ploughing match, which is to come off on Mr Colyer Robertson's farm, La Rose, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. (P.2, The Melbourne Argus,25-7-1848.)

Coiler also bought land in the parish of Doutta Galla on which still stands a house named Trinifour (on the south side of Park St just west of the railway gates). I don't know if that is the house described below; my memory tells me that Coiler's son, James, built Trinafour in the 1880's. James was the brother of Peter McCracken's wife, Grace, and arriving in the colony as a brewer had probably been responsible for the success of the McCracken Brewery.Coiler had over-extended himself.


THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20. Preliminary Notice.
Essendon.
Sale of Freehold Farm, Comprising 107a. 38p.Together with The Dwelling house and Building Erected Thereon,
In tho Insolvent Estate of Coiler Robertson.
By Order of John Goodman, Esq , Official Assignee.
ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from John Goodman, Esq., Official Assignee, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises (lately in tho occupation of Coiler Robertson), on Thursday, November 20, at twelve o'clock,
All that piece or parcel of land in tho colony of Victoria, county of Bourke, and parish of Doutta Galla, being part of Allotment B, Section No 6, commencing at the north-west oorner of the said Allotment B, and bounded on tho north by Allotment A, containing 107a and 38p., being a line bearing east 1OO chains 35 links ; on tho east by a road one chain wide, being a line bearing south 36deg. east,11 chains 82 links; on the south by other part of tho said Allotment B, conveyed to Robert M'Cracken and Peter M'Cracken, being a line bearing west 67 chains 17 links ; and on tho west by part of Allotmont No. 4 of Section No. 7, containing 80 acres, being a lino bearlng north 10 chains to the commenclng-polnt ; containing, in fact, 107a. and 38p.
Together with the Dwellinghouse and building thereon.
(P.2, Argus, 17-11-1860.)

NOTES RE THE ADVERTISEMENT.
Robert McCracken was the brother of Peter and father of Alex McCracken, and lived (from the mid 1860's) at Ailsa on the north side of Kent St. This property was the first playing venue for the Essendon Football Club in the 1870's with the McCrackens being heavily involved,the ground probably on the area where streets bear the names of John Filson and his wife. Alex, a 17 year old Scotch College student was its first secretary and was later the foundation President of the V.F.L. from late 1896 to shortly before his death in 1915. Peter farmed on Stewarton (Gladstone Park) 1846-55 and then leased a dairy on Kensington Park (North Melbourne side of Kensington Rd,where William Samuel Cox later ran the Kensington Park Racecourse)until his Ardmillan mansion was built (on the site of 35-39 Ardmillan Rd, I presume, as Nos 35 and 37 do not exist.) Peter,a majority shareholder,with Hugh Glass, of the private Essendon Railway,had to sell Ardmillan shortly before the Government bought the railway and built the North Eastern Railway to Sydney through Strathmore/ Pascoe Vale and Campbellfield in 1872, turning Campbellfield into Broadmeadows and Broadmeadows into Westmeadows. Allotment 4 of section 7 was part of land granted to James Robertson Snr of Upper Keilor. His son,James Robertson Jnr built Aberfeldie on what had formerly been called "Spring Hill" and his daughter, Margaret, married Coiler McCracken who built Earlesbrae Hall (now Lowther Hall.You can see how historians mix up these two James Robertsons, both related to the McCrackens through marriage: James, son of Coiler of La Rose and Trinifour (the brewer),and James Jnr of Upper Keilor and Aberfeldie. Andrew Lemon confused another James Robertson (of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield) with the Upper Keilor family!



THE LA ROSE ESTATE. The increase of population and the extension of the City of Melbourne on all sides has necessitated a development of suburban settlement and a consequent occupation of land, which, a few years ago was hardly ever mentioned except perhaps in cases like La Rose when its aspect elicited an expression of admiration from some passing traveller. The estate above-mentioned has been most asiduously advertised by Messrs Munro and Baillieu, the jubileo auctioneers and if the public, do not know the ins and outs of La Rose, together with the almost ridiculously cheap terms at which it is to pass under the hammer, they must be singularly obtuse. We may, however, remind our readers of the vicinity of this charming spot, but the means of access to it have been rendered so easy that we would advise them to take a run out and see for themselves. The estate is situated on gently undulating ground sloping away in the direction of the Moonee Ponds Creek, and commanding an extensive view of Melbourne and its northern suburbs. The handsome villas and snug cottages of Essendon, are seen in close vicinity, on one hand and on the other the environs of Brunswick meet the eye while far away in the distance is the city with its spires and prominent buildings, the whole presenting a panorama which needs to be seen to be fully aprreciated. We. strongly advise our readers to follow the advice of an advertisement in another column and make themselves thoroughly au fait as regards everything connected with LaRose especially the terms which are within the reach of all. A few years ago Moonee Ponds and Essendon had only hourly trains and a scant and scattered population, and now both are two of the most prosperous suburbs round Melbourne and there is every reason to believe that La Rose will follow in their wake, and even eclipse, by reason of its picturesque situation and hygienic advantages the older suburbs as regards prosperity and popularity.(P.3,North Melbourne Advertiser,2-4-1887.)

This advertisement appeared fairly close to the peak of the land boom which came to a crashing halt because of the depression a handful of years later.The next boom was in the 1920's following W.W.1, but it was not until 2-2-1954 that development justified the opening of Pascoe Vale South State School.

This article about North Melbourne and the General Election seems to be having a dig at the La Rose Estate, so extensively advertised in 1887.

The number of ' roses' about was quite a feature. Indeed one would think that a flower show was 'on,' or that a certain estate at Pascoe Vale, which in the days of the alas now defunct boom was advertised extensively, was again in the market...(P.2,North Melbourne Advertiser, 30-3-1889.)

The first auction sale of a suburban subdivision for some years has been announced for August 16, when H. P. Knight and Co and Mr G, T. Collins, Brunswick, will submit a further complete section of La Rose Estate. West Coburg.(P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.) The subdivision, which contains 81 allotments, is close to the Bell st bus service and a few minutes from North Essendon station. (P.19,Argus, 31-7-1947.)


Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Saturday 10 August 1878 p 1 Family Notices
... the beloved child of Mr. John M'Caffrey, aged 6 months. ROBERTSON.-On the 9th inst., at Trinafour, Essendon, Mrs. Coiler Robertson, in her 90th year.

THE Friends of the late Mrs COILER ROBERTSON are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery The funeral will leave the residence of her son, Mr Jas. Robertson, Trinafour, Moonee Ponds, on Monday, the 12th August, at 2 o clock p.m. (P.8,Argus,12-8-1878.) Had she been living on La Rose?

The McCracken letters mention The Coiler Robertsons being in financial difficulty and leasing out their property. William McCulloch who had made his fortune as a Murray River paddle-steamer operator bought Glenroy Farm of 636 acres (stretching north from Rhodes Pde halfway to Camp Rd )in 1874. He seems to have been living at La Rose. Was it the quality of the house or the view that attracted him? Did he own it or was he leasing from the Robertsons?

It is likely that McCulloch had married a sister or daughter of John vans Agnew Bruce, who (with Cornish) had built much of the railway to Castlemaine in 1858, owned the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey between Bruce Rd and the Martha Cove Waterway and was apparently a son in law of Big Clarke.

McCULLOCH.On the 28th inst., at La Rose, Essendon, Catherine Vans Agnew, youngest daughter of William and Catherine McCulloch, aged 10 months and 11 days. (P.4, Argus,29-4-1873.)

Well,this has me in a real tangle! Do they mean the youngest daughter of the late CoilerRobertson because James was still apparently still alive and living at Trinifour two years later.

LANGTRELROBERTSON.October 28, at the Presbyterian Church, Albert Park, by the Rev. D. S. M'Eachran, assisted by the Rev. M??k, J. S. Langtrel, of Bourke, to Alexandra, youngest daughter of the late James Robertson, of La Rose, Essendon.(N.B. Coiler McCracken had moved to Bourke after losing Earlesbrae Hall. Alexandra mustn't have been very young if her mother was nearly 90!)

The Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1869 when an organisation was formed to stop the Melbourne Hunt Club trampling farmers' crops. Robert McDougall of Aitken's Estate (between today's Aberfeldie and Avondale Heights)took the chair. Reference was made to the case of Dunn v Waldock in which Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" in Tullamarine hd unsuccessfully sued Waldock, Master of the Hunt, for damage to his crops and ewes.
(P.5, Argus,15-6-1869.)

As the Robertsons were still on La Rose in 1969,they must have bought it from creditors or leased it from the new owners. Mr. Alfred Bliss reports the sale of La Rose estate, Moonee Ponds, consisting of 276a. 2r. 37p., for the sum of 6,018 cash ; or at the rate of 21 15s. per acre.(P.4, Argus, 31-10-1860.)

It is likely that La Rose was still an intact whole in 1933.

Reference to the Cooks being on La Rose in 1933 has been deleted because Mrs Cook (nee Bottoms)appears to have been occupying a HOUSE of that name whose address was 2 Fitzgerald Rd, Essendon.

BOOTH VERSUS BATES.
These were two strains of shorthorn cattle. Robert McDougall of Arundel in Tullamarine and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (see Airport West journal)hardly spoke to each other because Robert was a Booth advocate and Henry was a supporter of the Bates Strain. This made things difficult when they bought farms on St Johns (North Strathmore area), Henry the 300 acres near Bulla Rd and Robert the 200 acres near Pascoe Vale Rd. At least Robert had an ally close at hand, William McCulloch of La Rose and Glenroy Farm.


PASCOEVILLE.

THE YOUNG QUEEN INN.
The preferred route to Sydney was past the Young Queen Inn. (murder, 2nd at Coburg etc.)

THE McKENZIE ORAL HISTORY. (From my KILTS AND COW DUNG FLATS, Dec.,1990-not a journal.)
Jim McKenzie's parents moved into Prospect St,Pascoe Vale in 1937 when Jim was about 13. Peggy McKenzie(nee Holmes) was about 5 in 1935 when her family moved into Gaffney St just uphill from Burgundy St,five years later shifting to Fawkner St a bit further up the hill.

Most of the boys had horses and many of their rides took them through Cow Dung Flats,the name they gave the area between Kent Rd and Camp Rd.

Most boys had a horse by the age of 12 or 13. There were plenty of vacant blocks between the isolated houses to keep them on.Another place the boys rode their horses was Happy Valley,across the creek from Boeing Reserve.

Deliveries of milk were made with horse-drawn carts but road traffic in the 1970's caused a change to motorised transport.

FLEET ELECTRICS, on the corner of Pascoe Vale Rd and Woodland Ave, which manufactured electric ovens there before W.W.2, probably pioneered secondary industry in the area.

After leaving the army in 1947, Jim found it hard to settle back into civilian life and preferred outdoor work. He found a job at the Coburg City quarry in Newlands Rd that later became the Coburg drive-in.

The area started to build up in the 1950's as a result of Arthur Caldwell's boost to immigration.

Jim's father, who had come from the bush, was able to use the wide open spaces of Prospect St to break horses. He would buy them for one pound ten shillings each at South Melbourne market and lead them along Spencer St etc to Flemington Bridge from where he and young Jim could take various routes such as along the creek or Oak St. Once a tram in Melville Rd made their horse bolt,throwing them out of the jinker. After being broken in, the horses were sold for two pounds each and with the brisk demand, this was a good earner.

After the war, Jim and his father leased, trained and drove trotters. They used tracks at Westbreen, Happy Valley and alongside the narrow Hume Highway* to train them and swam them in the Maribyrnong River near the Anglers' Arms Hotel at Maribyrnong. Another training venue was near the dog and cycling tracks.(*Jim would often use slow moving trucks as mobile barriers, following them on the left hand side for some distance before accelerating past them!)

Jim and his mates would often ride through Strathmore in about 1940. Dotted about the area were Mrs Barrett's dairy, Rosebank, and Lebanon, now owned by boxing writer, Jack Oates.Near the eastern end of MascomaSt, Randalls,a real estate firm,was selling house blocks for 10 pounds which rapidly increased in value to 50 pounds.The Mills lived on the south side of the road and Jim Flood,the policeman,and his wife lived near the future site of the Strathmore North Primary School.Another policeman,Mr James,and the Rutherford family lived near Lind St. One house that Jim didn't mention was "Hiawatha" in which Harry Peck was probably hard at work writing MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.

On the east side of Pascoe Vale Rd, Miss Roberts owned all the land from Cook's Cottage* to the garage to the south. Miss Roberts was probably a niece of Louisa Ellen Roberts (B. Bond St, London 6-6-1840, d.at Lebanon 5-7-1928) who married John Murray Peck. (*Albert Cook, Broadmeadows Shire Secretary, moved from the old shire office near the bridge in Westmeadows to this cottage in the late 1920's when the new shire hall was built on the present site on Twomey's "Glen Allan". The cottage was probably J.M.Peck's "Wannaeue". It was bulldozed without a permit and Red Rooster now occupies the site.)

As you've probably realised Jim's history of Pascoe Vale is really a history of Pascoe Vale AND MILES AROUND. The same thing happened to my histories of Tullamarine and Rosebud. Jim and his mates went several times to Sunbury in a covered wagon for a weekend spent rabbiting and fishing for redfin at Rupertswood. Mascoma St was then a track with road metal spread on it occasionally. The Gowanbrae dairy was the most prominent feature at itswestern end in 1940 and still in 1970 when Jim and Peggy moved into Tasman Avenue.

HALF HOUSES were common in the years after the war and like most growing suburbs, Strathmore and Pascoe Vale had their share. Buildersactually needed a permit to obtain materials such as timber. Councils were forced to relax the regulations so that part houses could be started and finished when more materials became available. Concrete roofing was common in this era.

Peachey-Kelly Town was the locals' name for Westbreen despite District Inspector Davies coining the latter name for state school 4158. Some other residents of the area were the Toys, Marshalls, Wilsons, Cockerells, Plunketts, McGowerys and Tomkinsons. Most residents had other jobs such as droving but were free to erect fences on vacant land and run sheep as a sideline. The owners didn't mind as it kept grass down and reduced the fire hazard.

Alma Toy ran dances at the Westbreen hall near which she lived. The Pascoe Vale youth would pay threepence for the bus trip ans a shilling to get into the dance.

COONAN'S HILL. This area near the corner of Woodland Avenue and Reynolds Parade was another venue for training trotters. In this area there were market gardens, many run by Chinese.Reynolds Pde and other nearby streets were made using a horse and scoop.

HAY AND CORN STORES are now rare but, up to 1950, they were very common. Rationing of petrol continued for some time after W.W.2 and many cars had charcoal burners in order to keep them operating. With so many youngsters owning horses they had plenty of customers. Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" in Tullamarine had a corn store on the site of Tullamarine Primary School (which transferred there in 1960) and there was another one in
Middle St, Ascot Vale, near Mt Alexander Rd that sold shell grit for chook houses as well.

FIRST SELF-SERVICE? Harry Shell's self-service on the corner of Bell St and York St was the first shop of this type that Jim remembers.

LANDLUBBERS! When the Pascoe Vale Swimming Pool in Prospect St opened, Jim and his brothers were regarded almost as superhuman beings. Having come from Port Melbourne, they had developed their swimming skills at the beach and hardly any of the other children could swim.

GOAT FARMS were common and doctors would recommend goat's milk for sick children. One farm was bounded by Essex, Cumberland and Landells Rd and Dawson St.

BEFORE STRATHMORE HIGH. The Napier Park Dog Track was on the High School site and the Board Track was near the overpass. Jim and his mates would ride their horses to the hill west of Pascoe Vale Rd overlooking these venues for some free entertainment.

THE HOUSE ON THE ISLAND. An elderly lady lived in a house on an island in the present High School grounds. My book about the creek could not have had a better title than A TRICKLE OR A TORRENT. While normally a (Moonee Moonee) chain of ponds,levels could rise with alarming speed and the island was flood prone. With the community spirit that existed in any pioneering community, locals were concerned for her safety at such times.

The creek was straightened in the 1960's to allow freeway construction and it is likely that the High School's sinking Library was built on one of the channels that had skirted the island. This extract comes from the Strathmore Secondary College website re architect, Simon Thornton's renovations in the mid 1990's.

There have been major obstacles to Strathmores renovations. One significant problem facing any design is the unstable soil found across much of this site. This resulted in part from the re-aligning of the Moonee Ponds Creek which previously meandered across the site and was covered with fill in the 1960s. In order to reinforce buildings, before any construction could begin, large concrete supports had to be driven into the ground. With Simons buildings these supports have extended anywhere from half a metre to 12 metres below the surface.

FLOOD AT THE SWING BRIDGE. The footbridge near Cook's Cottage was originally a swing bridge. Now as any parent or teacher will tell you little girls like to change their environment by making it prettier but little boys' attempts to mould the environment are more likely to resemble an episode of the mythbusters. A swing bridge can be made to swing like a pendulum or bounce like a trampoline, neither of which are guaranteed to do the bridge much good. The only torrent in this case came from local policeman,Jim Flood, who,as you know, lived not far away in Mascoma St. Riding a bike across the bridge was also a no no, as was riding bikes at night without lights.

TASMA THEATRE. This theatre, in Bell St between York St and Cumberland Rd, was popular with the Pacca youth. Because of its construction materials,it was a real fire trap, especially as smoking was allowed and the brats of those days delighted in rolling firecrackers under the seats of elderly female patrons.

KIRK'S BAZAAR. Located between the old Essendon Hotel (De Marco's,the Grand etc)and Woodlands Park over Bulla Rd from the Keilor Rd junction, Kirk's Bazaar had alare building at the front where second-hand goods of every description were sold and behind this were machinery and animals.Kirks relocated to the north side of Keilor Rd, past Matthews Ave in about 1975. The Kirks had traded in horses from Melbourne's early days.

DOD LANE. In MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952, George Lloyd wrote, in reference to Bulla Rd in Essendon:
A very old identity in those days was Dodd Lane who traded in horses and anything connected with the horse industry.

Jim McKenzie recalls Dod being a real character and the youth from far and wide rode over Strathmore's open, grassy hillscape with their destination being Dod's place in Dublin Ave.

My search for mentions of Dodd Lane on trove was fruitless. I had a theory that he might be a member of the family of James Lane of "Gowrie Park" in Tullamarine. Therefore, I gave up looking for Dodd Lane, (Essendon, North Essendon, Dublin St etc) and entered Lane,Gowrie Park. I struck gold!

LANE.-Died of wounds on 24th Septem-ber, somewhere in France. Corporal Arthur Ernest. the dearly loved second youngest son of James and Mary Lane. "Gowrie Park." Tullamarine, and much loved brother of Henry (on active service, Jack, Dod, Albert (on active service), Annie and Cora. (After two years' active service abroad.) He gave his life for King and country. One of Australia's best.
(P.2, Essendon Gazette and Keilor,Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter,1-11-1917.)

If I remember correctly, three sons of James and Mary Lane are recorded on Tullamarine's war memorial (moved from the Conders Lane corner,site of Tullamarine S.S.2613, to the Dalkeith Ave corner by W.V.(Major) Murphy.)

Grants Lane which left Bulla Rd in Melway 5D6 ran west to McNabs Rd. Part of the road from Ellis's Corner has been renamed Melrose Drive. Grants Rd was the boundary between the shires of Keilor, and (to the north) Bulla. Unfortunately the most recent Bulla rate book I was able to transcribe was 1914-15. It is known that James Lane still owned Gowrie Park in 1920. "The Essendon Gazette of 2 January 1920 reported that 'Mr James Lane's well-known farm at Tullamarine has been taken over for the purpose of an aerodrome and will suit splendidly for the purpose.'"(P.153, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

Gowrie Park was section 14 of the parish of Tullamarine, bounded on the south by Grants Rd from Melway 5 B6 to 4 G5 (McNabs Rd),its north corner at the corner of Perimeter and South Glide Rds and the east end of the east-west runway just inside its north east corner. If you look west or north at the airport from the terminal building, you are looking at Gladstone Park, which was owned by the Donovans by W.W.2, when planes were parked there at night in case there was a night raid on Essendon Aerodrome. Bill Ellis bought "Ecclesfield" (at the south corner of Grants and Bulla Rds) in 1943 ,if I remember correctly,and later bought the southern, major, part of James Lane's old farm(also known as Gowrie Park) while the Donovan's retained the northern part, historically known as "Gowrie Side".

Between the south east part of Gowrie Park and Bulla Rd was a triangular 80 acre farm that was called Scone (pronounced with a long o) by pig farmer, Allan Payne. This is now occupied by the airport terminal building and Depot Rd etc.

PUBLIC NOTICES HEALTH ACT 1938.-Application for a Noxious Trade Licence.-I hereby give notice that it is my intention to APPLY to the Bulla Shire Council at its next meeting, to be held on Tuesday. 8th February. 1949, for permission to ESTABLISH a NOXIOUS TRADE, viz., piggery, on premises known as Payne's, corner Bulla road and Grants lane Tullamarine. Dated 6/1/49. (Signed) ALLAN PAYNE.(P.9, Argus,10-1-1949.)


STRATHMORE SUBURBAN PIONEERS.
Wilma Hood settled at the corner of Peck Ave and Melissa St in 1958. Beth Tempany had lived on the opposite corner since 1952. Wilma told me of a Dutchman who had built a half house just down Peck Ave. Beth (in 1990) was involved in Scouting and told me the sad tale of how "Lebanon" had been dropped from the local pack's name during the conflict in the country with the same name and, to make matters worse, the Cobb and Co. coach was dropped from the badge.(Lebanon was the name of the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A., from which John Murray Peck came to establish Cobb and Co. with Freeman Cobb and two other young Yankees.)






Extract from my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA(not a journal.)
STRATHMORE (SECTIONS 15, 16, 23.)

This map shows subdivision of 15 by the grantees, crown allotments on 16 and two divisions of section 23 into farms (A.414 ac + Dunns Farm. B. Stevensons + McDougalls).
Anyone wanting these maps etc that can't be pasted here could send me a private message with their email address and I could attach the appropriate pages to an email.
COPYRIGHT MELWAY PUBLISHING PTY LTD. REPRODUCED FROM MELWAY STREET DIRECTORY EDITION 27 WITH PERMISSION.


SECTION 15.
See Bruce Barbours Strathmore web site at www.vicnet.net.au/~strthmre/

This was bounded by Lincoln Rd (Carnarvon Rd), Woodland St and the Moonee Ponds Creek and ran north to the southern tip of Strathmores home ground, Lebanon Park. Granted to E.J.Brewster, it was soon subdivided and sold. The southern 100 acres was bought in 1845 by Thomas Napier, who called it Rose Mount, renaming it Rosebank later. Napier had been a pioneer of Mulgrave in 1839 as a squatter* and in 1851 received the grant for Niddrie (17B). After he died, his son in law, G.P.Barber, built the Rosebank house near the original dwelling; it stands behind St. Vincents school. The 1900 ratebook of Broadmeadows Shire called the remaining 22 acre property Rose Hill. When his son, Theodore was old enough, Thomas gave him 20 acres and Magdala was built near Lincoln Rd. Just before his death, Theodore donated Napier Park to Essendon Council; strangely the park was in the Shire of Broadmeadows! Magdala was destroyed by fire in 1927.
(* The Melbourne Story P.220.)

While reading Wilbur Smiths Cry Wolf, I came across the probable origin of the name of Theodore Napiers property. Nearly 70 years before 1935, the British general Napier had marched on MAGDALA with less than fifty thousand men, meeting and defeating the entire Ethiopian army on the way, storming the mountain fortress and releasing the British prisoners held there Websters New International Dictionary gives the following details for the entry NAPIER OF MAGDALA: Robert Cornelis Napier, first baron, British general, 1810-1890. Magdala, south west of Lake Tana, is situated at roughly 39 degrees west and 11 degrees north.

John Murray Peck, the co-founder and action man of Cobb and Co., who was probably the first Yank to hold an official position in Aussie Rules (V.P.of Ess. F.C.), built Lebanon in 1882 and the Italianate mansion still stands in Wendora St. Lebanon was his native town near the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. About a decade later, his son, Harry, built Hiawatha, where he wrote most of his Memoirs of a Stockman; this house still stands at the top of Kilburn St. Others involved in the history of section 15 were William Smith, who ran the Young Queen Inn across the bridge, William Jones, John Kernan, the Kilburns, Samuel Jackson, and William Salmon who had a farm of about 140 acres on the north side of Rosebank and Magdala. A Grammar School planned to move to section 15 in the 1920s; this explains many of the street names such as Head St.


SECTION 15 TITLE INFORMATION.

The map on P.21 of Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History shows the subdivision of section 15 reasonably well, but Andrew Lemon has made several mistakes, one of which is referring to Brewsters grant as being section 5.

His research did not reveal that Brewster bought section 15 in partnership with Philip Holland. Lemon shows a huge area between the land labelled Napier and Holland. This was part of the land conveyed to Holland when they partitioned the unsold portion of the grant. Lemon failed to show Sir John Franklins purchase of the northernmost 12 acres (adjoining section 23, which Franklin also owned).

NAPIER.(MAP.)
*This envisaged government road was probably Pascoe Vale Rd, which was a track through paddocks to Sydney at that time; travellers made a beeline to the Young Queen Inn just north of the creek (near Bass St) and then passed through Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) This map calls Pascoe Vale Rd Road to the Young Queen Pascoevale.

Thomas Napier was first to buy land from Brewster, paying 320 pounds for his 100 acres on 30-12-1845. It had a frontage of 105 chains to the future Woodland St and 10 chains to the future Carnarvon Rd. Its northern boundary, running east to the Moonee Moonee Ponds, is precisely indicated by Glenbervie and Upland Rds. Two roads were reserved out of this land, with Brewster and his successors given right of passage over them. I thought the first, running north from a point 35 chains east of the s/w corner of section 15 would be Napier St, but this street is actually 42 chains east, so the road would have run through Napier Park. The second was to run along the north boundary of Napiers purchase from the first road to the creek with Brewsters right of passage to be terminated if a government road* was opened along the western extremity of the second road within 6 or 8 chains (C 933).

HOLLAND.
On 19-2-1846, Brewster conveyed 236 acres 8 perches to his co- grantee, Philip Holland, who had received half of the proceeds from land previously sold as well as this land, conveyed for 10/-, as an act of Partition. With a western boundary of 2835 links, Hollands land adjoined Napiers and went north to the York/Lloyd St midline (D 20).

SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
On 15-2- 1847, Sir John Franklin bought the northern 12 acres of section 15. From Brewster memorials it has been established that the northern boundary of section 15 is indicated by the intersection of Esmale, Lebanon and Amar Sts. From this line, Franklins land went 295 links south to the e-w section of Lebanon St (D 847).

WILLIAM SMITH.
The E.J.Brewster 1st and 2nd series do not refer to a memorial concerning the land extending the next 8 chains (roughly) south to Peck Ave. If Andrew Lemon was right, it was purchased by William Smith.

(Luckily Doutta Galla microfiche 85 gave the title application number 13 676. The Sketch of Title under this number contained the following information. The blocks western boundary started 295 links south from the north west corner of section 15 (see frontage of Sir John Franklins purchase) and went another 709 1/4 links further south. Its northern and southern boundaries went east 41 chains and 5425 links respectively to the Moonee Moonee Ponds. On 4-2-1848, the same day that McCord, Jackson, Dunn and Callaghan bought their blocks to the south, Brewster sold this block to William Smith, a farmer of Glenroy.

The memorial recording this conveyance (G 460) was not listed in the Brewer index so luckily it appeared in this document. It revealed that William Smith paid L114/0/6. William Smith finally sold it to William Henry Fletcher, yoeman of Yan Yean, on 1-2-1872. The memorial listed for this conveyance (217 310) was consulted. The description of the land was perfectly copied from G 460, which failed to specify the blocks area. Fletcher paid 940 pounds, 8.25 times the price Smith had paid 24 years earlier.)


McCORD, JACKSON, DUNN, CALLAGHAN.
These men bought the land between William Smiths purchase and the area partitioned to Philip Holland.
They bought their land on the same day as Smith (4-2-1848) and luckily, their purchases were recorded in the E.J.Brewster index.

James McCords 35 acres went 658 links south to a line indicated by the end of Roslyn St and cost him L110/5/- (F 81).

Samuel Jacksons 22 acres 3 roods 9 perches went south from there 383 links to the e-w part of Loch Cres.and cost L71/15/- (F 80).

Thomas Dunns 62 acres and perch (2.5 m x 2.5 m) went south 1041 links to the northern boundary of Johnston Reserve and cost him L195/6/- (F 242).

Henry Callaghan bought 67 acres 2 roods and 37 perches extending south to the York/Lloyd St midline, where it adjoined the land partitioned to Holland, for L237/1/- (F 167).


Further information about the ownership of these blocks and some of the pioneers. Sketch of title 16466 reveals that Brewster subdivided his post-partition land into four blocks, each having a western boundary of 1041 links. However lot 4 was sold in two parts (Franklin and Smith) as was lot 3 (McCord and Jackson.) Franklin and Smiths blocks had a combined western boundary of only 1004 links, which necessitated a special survey in sketch of title 16466.


FRANKLINS 12 ACRES. This obviously became, with William Smiths purchase, part of John Murray Pecks Lebanon. The total of the two, which comprised lot 4 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision, was about the 34 acres that Lebanons owners were assessed on over the years. Neither the 1st nor 2nd series index for Sir John Franklin mentions any sale of his 12 acres. I checked the index for Archibald McLachlan and Frederick Armand Powlett, who acted as his agents at various times. I checked the index for Dame Jane Franklin. There was no mention of this part of section 15, Doutta Galla! In desperation, I returned to the ground floor and consulted Doutta Galla microfiche 85 again.

There I saw 46645s and was partly rewarded when I raced up to the 6th floor to try application 46645. The search certificate referred to Sir Johns purchase of the northern 295 links of section 15 but there was no sketch of title. The search certificate referred to the land being fenced in 1882. This was probably done by John Murray Peck, who had bought William Smiths original purchase and established Lebanon. I think Peck noticed that nobody used the land between his 22? acres and section 23, so he just started using it as if he owned it. Broadmeadows Shire was receiving rates on his whole 34 acres so there would have been no question of his right to use Franklins land. Indeed, in 1879-80, Hugh Peck may have been occupying Franklin and Smiths purchases when he was assessed on 34 acres; names were listed alphabetically and Pecks name appears where the name of W.H.Fletcher would be expected to be. J.M. Peck died on 19-11-1903 and he does not seem to have been listed in Broadmeadows 1899-1900 rate book. It was probably at this time that the Pecks realised that their lack of title to the 12 acre block would be discovered. Did they just abandon it?

In 1879, John Morgan English, had bought Belle Vue ( renamed Oak Park and separated from Franklins land only by the creek and Lebanon Reserve) after the death of Fawkners widow, Eliza, and converted Fawkners single storey weatherboard house into the double storey mansion still standing at the top of Oak Park Court. He leased out the farm to his relatives, the Morgans and Mrs Morgans mother, Mary Knight but was still involved in the area, purchasing the 200 acre eastern part of section 23, which adjoined Franklins 12 acres. He seems to have done the same as I suspect Peck did earlier and, in 1902, just squatted on the land and paid the rates. In 1926, J.M.English applied for the title to Franklins land.. (Application 46645, Broadmeadows Rates.)

In 1920-1, Louisa Ellen, the widow of J.M.Peck had 38 acres, which probably consisted of lot 4 (Franklin and Smiths purchases from Brewster) plus about 4 acres of subdivision lots in the Byron Vale Estate or another estate nearby.

Why didnt Franklin sell the 12 acres when the section 23 land was sold? My guess is that he and his heirs (and the titles office) forgot that this land was on a separate title to the St Johns Estate. If hed left his land to his wife, Dame Jane Franklin, she might have been aware that the 12 acres existed. However he seems to have punished Jane for not bearing him a son. He left her only her clothes and gave the rest of his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This daughter had probably never been to Australia.

The confusion seems to have set in when a man named Dunn leased a 123 acre farm from Sir John. He was followed by Elizabeth Guest prior to 1862 but the 123 acre farm was still called Dunns Farm. As explained in bold type under section 23, Dunns Farm must have included the 12 acres (adjoining section 23) at the northern end of section 15. This lessee could have been Thomas Dunn of section 15 or Edmund Dunn of Viewpoint in Tullamarine.

When the 123 acre Dunns Farm was leased to Henry Mawbey for 5 years on 17-2-1862, it was wrongly described as being entirely in section 23. Significantly no boundaries of the farm were described in the memorial! (121 455).

I had intended to include a copy of Sketch of Title 46645 but the clerks scribble is so illegible that readers would not be able to make head or tail of it. Heres what it says.

46645. John M.English.

Part allotment 15 Doutta Galla.

1080 pounds.

Claim by possession.

L.R.O. Sir John Franklin

(see D 847* set out on ??) also see 11578 from which it appears that his widow Jane Franklin is interested.

John Morgan English, the registered proprietor of abutting land in 9 T? Vol. 2209 Fol 441708 (records available only go to volume 999) from which the land applied for was with other land excised **thus necessitating this present application

(* D 847 records the sale of the 12 acres to Franklin by Brewster.)

(** Broadmeadows Rate books show that in 1900 Alex Robertson had just replaced dairyman, Robert G.Bryant as lessee of 200 acres Doutta Galla owned by the Hodgson executors. It is known that this was Thomas Kellys former eastern portion of section 23, which was roughly between the Strathaird/Menarra St corner and Lebanon Reserve.

His application states (inter alia)

That Crown Grantee was Edward Jones Brewster- But he conveyed

That he has never acknowledged ownership or been called on to do so and no rent or payment has been made by or claimed from him except rent under lease from Land Investment Coy to whom he has sold under contract of sale dated 4 Dec 1923

He occupies under Co lease-

That from 1902 or sometime prior unto: up to 26 June 1918 land was occupied by himself and his brother (probably Joseph English) for grazing purposes and since that date by himself as owner? or lessee as ###? for same purposes:

All rates paid by him or his brother till 1918 and from 1918 to 1923 by him since then by Co. ?? Coy.

Since 1902 a fence has always stood on south boundary of land on south of land applied for- red on survey plan (survey plan not enclosed) and was erected on line upon which an old fence had stood for at least 15 years prior to 1902.

19 Dec 1925 Staty Decl of Harry Huntington Peck

456830 He well knows land in survey plan ???A

(Of course the future author of Memoirs of a Stockman should have known the land; his father had squatted on it for about 20 years.)

He is joint owner of land abutting (on portion of south side ) of red and blue and first became acquainted with (said?) land in 1882 when such land was enclosed by fences on south, west and north west sides shown on plan and land has been enclosed by fences from 1882 (to date?) except that about 1902 a new fence was erected on south on line on which original fence stood since 1882.


WILLIAM SMITHS PURCHASE. (Lebanon).
Andrew Lemon states that, in 1874, William Jones bought William Smiths properties, about 21 acres on the north of the creek and a similar area on the south. (P.75.) The 1879-80 Broadmeadows rate book lists William Jones as the owner and occupier of 20 acres at Pascoe Vale, but as this was in the Campbellfield riding it would have been north of the bridge. This was probably the land he bought from Mr Heron in about 1865, and on which he was harvesting 2 tons of hay per acre in 1888 (Victoria & Its Metropolis P.704). The rate collector made no mention of Jones having about 20 acres south of the creek, unless my transcription was faulty.

The owners of Smiths purchase.
William Smith (not the man associated with Flemington and Moonee Ponds, P.697 Vic. & Its Metrop.) bought the Young Queen Inn from John Watson in December 1842. The inn, being on the most popular of the three routes to Sydney until the Broadmeadows Township bridge was built in 1854(Lemon P.17.) This was on lot 3 of Pascoeville, consisting of 1 acre 2 roods and 5 perches, on the s/w side of the government (Pascoe Vale) road. Lot 4 was s/e of it, probably fronting the creek and lot 2 was n/w of it. The south west boundary was a lane leading from Sparke St to the Moonee Moonee Ponds (Sydney 1523). This memorial, detailing the sale of lot 3 by the hotels builder, Edward Butler, to Watson on 29 and 31 May 1841, unfortunately gives no measurements but I think Sparke St would have been near Marks St if all blocks were about 1 acres. Fate might have decreed that Smith would never purchase his block from Brewster in 1848. He was charged with the manslaughter of his servant, Joseph Plant, in 1847 but he was acquitted. (Between Two Creeks Richard Broome.)

William Henry Fletcher.
It is unknown whether this was the same man after whom Fletcher St in Essendon was named. The latter was granted land including the Target store at Highpoint (Maribyrnong: Action in Tranquility), 260 acres between Maribyrnong-Ormond Rd and a line indicated by Gladstone St- stretching from Scotia St to the Moonee Ponds Creek, and south of this the 320 acre triangle bounded by Epsom and Ascot Vale Rds. Surely he would describe himself as a gentleman rather than a yoeman.

John Murray Peck.
Arriving in 1854, at the age of 21, with three other young Yanks (Freeman Cobb etc.), Peck was the action man who could drive huge teams of horses on the Cobb & Co line that soon opened to Castlemaine. His powerful voice and commanding presence later established him as Australias foremost auctioneer of fat cattle. Before moving to section 15, Peck lived at Mascoma in Ascot Vale. (See volume 2.) His family pioneered the area in New Hampshire, U.S.A. near the Mascoma River where the town of Lebanon sprang up. Peck, his London-born wife and their son, Harry Huntinton Peck were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery.

In the Essendon Conservation Study (Call No. 720.288099 BUT), Graeme Butler confirms some of the title information I have supplied, apart from calling William Smith John. In his entry for Lebanon, Butler states that Smith lost the property surrounding the house to William Fletcher via a series of mortgages in 1872. Fletcher converted the title to Torrens in 1881 and J,M.Peck bought 40 acres soon afterwards*.

John Murray Peck built Lebanon (still standing in Wendora St ) in about 1882.

*As Lebanon consisted of 34 acres, it must have included Sir John Franklins 12 acres between Smiths land and section 23. The Broadmeadows rate book did not state that Peck was leasing the 12 acres so I can only assume that the co-founder of Cobb and Co had just squatted on it and paid the rates, as J.M.English did from 1902. (See details under Franklins 12 Acres.)


This land includes the Red Rooster site, where stood the illegally demolished Cooks Homestead. This name was bestowed on the house by Pascoe Vale kids of the 1930s, such as the late Jim McKenzie and his future wife Peggy, because it was owned by Broadmeadows Shire Secretary Albert Cook. (See Kilts and Cow Dung Flats.) Its name was actually Wanganui, and it was said to have been built by J.M.Peck of Lebanon. (Sam Merrifields House Names Index P.37.) Peggy McKenzie told me that a Miss Roberts owned the Wanganui land (south to the garage site); she was probably related to J.M.Peck, whose wife, born in Bond St, London on 6-6-1840, was Louisa Ellen Roberts. (Gravestone, Will Will Rook cemetery.)

McCORDS 35 ACRES.
McCord mortgaged this to Thomas Clark for 70 pounds on 1-5-1849 (G 437), and to Charles Payne for 100 pounds on 28-6-1850 (1 997). On 20-4-1853, a memorial entitled releases to uses recorded that Thomas Dunn paid McCord L5450 (X 221). This obviously gave ownership to Dunn, who mortgaged the 35 acres to McCord for 2000 pounds on 17-4-1853, three days before the releases to uses was memorialised (Y922).

On 15-5-1854, the 2000 pounds having been repaid, the 35 acre lot was reconveyed to Thomas Dunn

(12 17). Dunn now owned his original purchase of 62 1/640 acres plus McCords 35 acres and five days later, on 20-5 1854, he mortgaged both to Thomas Clark for 2200 pounds (12 20).

Dunn lost both properties to Clark, who sold the part of McCords portion of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson on 18-3-1857. A quarter of a century later, on 8-9-1882. William Lynch signed a contract with Jacksons agent to buy 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches for 1500 pounds. As McCord and Jacksons original purchases total 57 acres 3 roods and 9 1/4 perches, Lynch probably bought only the part of lot 3 west of Pascoe Vale Rd. (Sketch of title 16466).

On 4-6-1856, Thomas Clark conveyed that part of McCords original purchase east of Pascoe Vale Rd to Samuel Jackson. John Kernan, who started leasing Merai Farm (between Gaffney St and Devon Rd) from H.G.Ashurst during that year, had obviously contracted earlier to buy from Clark. Kernan directed, as an intermediate buyer, that the land be conveyed to Jackson. This land had a frontage of 625 links to the private road* and the average of the north and south boundaries was 550 links. This equates to 3.4 acres so it is probably the 3 acres 1 rood and 5 perches that Samuel Jacksons agent contracted to sell to Elizabeth Cochran (sic) for 600 pounds. This agreement was dated 23-5-1882. The land is recorded only as being in Doutta Galla and the unfortunate clerk compiling the sketch of title wrote, Where is this?

Elizabeth Cochrane (the spelling used on the search certificate) had become the wife of Edward Egbert Welby by the time she applied for the title, which was issued on 2-5-1884. (Application 16359.) She was probably the widow of John Cochrane, who had leased Glenroy Farm (between Rhodes Pde and Hilton St) from the Kennedys from 1853 until 1874, when it was sold to William McCulloch.
(The Stopover That Stayed G.Aldous, Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History A.Lemon.)


In the Essendon Conservation Study, Graeme Butler states that this land was subdivided as the Byron Vale Estate, declared by A.W.Craven in 1886. Because of the 1890s depression, this subdivision fizzled, like so many others.

In 1920-1, Harry Peck of Hiawatha (top of Kilburn St) owned 5 acres on which his house stood (probably the whole south side of Kilburn St), 20 acres adjoining Lebanon (Jacksons purchase from Brewer?) and, with his brother Richard, 18 acres at the Carnarvon Rd end of this estate. As George Gibson had 5 acres and Ralph Lind a house and land (possibly 5 or 7 acres), the 20 acres had to be Jacksons purchase.
(* The private road was Pascoe Vale Rd, which despite being the main route to Sydney in early days and retaining the name of Old Sydney Rd for many decades, had never been declared a government road. It looks as if Brewsters expectations of 1845 were never realised. See Napiers purchase details.)


JACKSONS 22 13/16 ACRES.
In Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History, Andrew Lemon states that William Lynch paid Samuel Jackson L1500 for 51 acres close to Pascoe Vale station on the Strathmore side, in 1882. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that Joseph Nixon had just replaced Samuel Jackson as the occupant of 40 acres in Doutta Galla and Jackson himself was assessed on houses and 15 acres in Doutta Galla.

The entry for Mrs Ellen Jackson on P.704 of Victoria and Its Metropolis shows that in 1888 Sams widow was living on 18 acres at Essendon. A gardener, Sam followed this trade for a while after his arrival before taking to farming on 52 acres of purchased land. The 52 acres (actually 51 acres 2 roods and 15 perches) seems to have been that part of McCord and Jacksons original purchases west of Pascoe Vale Rd. The details of Samuel Jacksons acquisition of the northern 658 links of lot 3 and his conveyances to Lynch and Mrs Cochrane in 1882 are given under the previous heading.


DUNNS 62 ACRES AND PERCH (2 M X 2 M).
Apparently from 20-4-1853, Dunn also owned McCords 35 acres and the last mention in the 1st series index was of Dunn mortgaging both to Thomas Clark as mentioned above. This land was lot 2 of Brewsters post partition subdivision and was to pass into the hands of Clark, Michael Brown (11-3-1856) and John Kent Pow (22-7- 1863). Pow mortgaged it to his northern neighbour, Samuel Jackson on 22-2-1865 and it was reconveyed to him on 24-7-1868. On 8-10-1870, Pow sold it to Douglas Thomas Kilburn of Essendon for 1200 pounds. Kilburn, the grantee of much of Hugh Glasss Flemington Estate and the 163 acres across Keilor Rd from Springfield had recently bought 400 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and named it Fairfield. D.T.Kilburn died on 10-3-1871. His will of 19-11-1870 appointed his wife, Anna Maria, and Edmund Augustus Cartwright as executors. The title was issued to Anna Maria Kilburn on 4-4-1887. (Application 21915.) Andrew Lemon gives the impression (P.77) that Buzzards sold lot 2 in 1886, but surely the title would have to be issued first! Despite this discrepancy, Lemon gives a good description of the property, which consisted of 56 acres west of Pascoe Vale Rd and 6 acres on the creek side of the road. The sand was probably being extracted from the creek by Michael Fox, who continued to do so for many decades (as described in George Lloyds Mickleham Rd: 1920-52), despite his acquisition of 18 C and D, Doutta Galla and Barbiston at Tullamarine.

Like Byron Vale, this subdivision fizzled. In 1920-1, subdivision was being tried again, obviously by Mrs Emily Lind and Ralph Lind. The Pascoe Vale Estate had frontages to Lind St, Vernon St, Hood St (demolished for the freeway C 1967) and Lincoln St (Carnarvon Rd).

CALLAGHANS 67 (ALMOST) ACRES.
Callaghans land was lot 1 of Brewsters post-partition subdivision. All four lots had 1041 link western boundaries, the difference in their areas being caused by the course of the Moonee Ponds.

The 1st series index for Callaghan mentions two memorials which I presume are mortgages.

4 388. Thomas Napier paid 1000 pounds to Callaghan on 28-11-1853.

69 901. Mary McLachlin paid 700 pounds to Callaghan on 9-10-1858.

Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 shows that Patrick Callaghan was owner and occupier of a house and land (nett annual value L22) and was leasing a basic house to Bridget Murphy. Lawrence McLachlan (Marys son?) was leasing a farm (N.A.V. L46) from John Kernan.

The 1920-1 ratebook reveals that the Callaghan family was still involved in the area. Mrs M and Frank Callaghan were named in connection with the Sunrise Estate (between the Essendon Hill and Terminus estates).

Sketch of Title 370 reveals that the property was also mortgaged to Thomas Napier (4 388, reconveyed 50 845). The mortgage to Mary McLachlan was transferred to John Badcock and John Guthrie (111 275), with the property then being reconveyed to Patrick Callaghan on 11-7-1863 (137 387). Three days later Patrick Callaghan conveyed the land to John Kernan (130 388)*. Broadmeadows rate book of 1879-80 shows that James G.Brisbane was leasing 320 acres in Doutta Galla from John Kernan. Andrew Lemons map shows that Callaghan and Hollands purchases were later owned by John Kernan; their total area is 303 acres so only 16 acres of this leased land need to be accounted for.

(* On 9-4-1864 John Kernan bought 6 acres 3 roods 3 perches in Doutta Galla and part of section 142 Jika Jika from the Callaghans (138 94). Patrick Callaghan was Henrys son and heir. The Jika Jika land was part of the Bolingbroke Estate across the creek from the Callaghan/ Holland purchases. This explains why Kernan St and Kernan Ave are only 840 metres from each other.)

PHILLIP HOLLANDS 236.05 ACRES.
On 11-8-1846, Holland leased this land to R.MacNamara and Duncan Cameron for 100 pounds paid before sealing and a rent of 70 pounds p.a. (D 376).

On 5-4-1852 Holland sold the land to James William Dunbar for 608 pounds. As Mary MacNamara and Duncan Cameron were named as the parties of the second part, I presume they were still leasing the land(P 635).

The MacNamara name was associated with the area for a long time and a street name in Airport West recalls this. The Camerons were early lessees on Glenroy (sections 6 and 1 Will Will Rook, 2313 acres), which they were said to have named. The Dunbar name was associated with the Moonee Ponds (Deans) and Flemington Hotels.

Edward James Kernans application for title (21650) indicates that I may have misread Dunbars purchase. The lease of 11-8-1846 had included the option for Robert McNamara and Duncan Cameron to purchase the 236 and a bit acres. On 11-12-1852, this option was exercised despite Robert McNamara having died. The land was partitioned with the McNamaras taking the northern 1285 links and the Camerons the southern 1550 links. The boundary between the two is the Kernan St/ Henshall Rd midline and explains the bends in Bournian and Collegian Avenues. The McNamara land was conveyed by Robert McNamaras widow, Mary, to her sons Matthew and Joseph on 27-4-1853. Mary McNamara was about to marry John Kernan. The McNamara land , north to the York/ Lloyd St midline (which explains the other bends in those two streets) was lost to the Bank of New South Wales, which sold it to John Kernan on 3-9-1875.

The Cameron land, south to Glenbervie/Upland Rd, passed into the hands of Thomas Knight Bennett, who sold it to John Kernan on 20-9-1873 for 2634 pounds. Kernan mortgaged it to Josh Henry Kay who died. John Kernan also died, on 6-1-1877. He left no will but on 29-3-1877, probate was granted to his widow Mary and John Kernan (junior). On 22-6-1877, Kays executors reconveyed the land to John Kernans executors. The land was mortgaged to John Kernans great mate, Michael Loeman of Bulla, on 17-2-1880 and despite the mortgage apparently not being paid off, Loeman agreed to Edward James Kernans application to apply the certificate (of title) to himself.

Three interesting details found in sketch of title 21650 are:

(a)Edward James, Mary Jane, Mary and John Jun. were the only Next of Kin of John Kernan.

(b)Pascoe Vale Rd was called Road to the Young Queen, Pascoevale.

(c)This could be a mistake but Bulla Rd might have originally branched off Napier St and is shown meeting the future Mawbey Rd / Lincoln St/ Carnarvon Rd near Alf Pearce Park. It was called Road from the Springs to Melbourne. This could be correct as even in Tullamarine the Old Mt Macedon Rd did not follow the present course of Melrose Drive; in 1844 it was west of Barrie Rd on section 21, Doutta Galla, where William and John Foster established The Springs.

This is the map shown on sketch of title 21650.

NAPIERS 100 ACRES. (Without repeating too much of information already on Bruces web site.)
Thomas Napier called his farm Rose Mount in 1847 but the mount or Napiers perception of its height shrank so that the name was adapted to Rosebank. Thomas gave the western end of the farm to his son, Theodore, who named this portion Magdala. At the time of Thomass death in 1881, Magdala consisted of 20 acres (east only to a point opposite Salmon Ave) and did not include Napier Park, which he donated on 20-8-1920. In 1900, Magdala was still only 20 acres and was being leased by John Scott. In 1920-1, obviously after the donation had been deducted, Magdala consisted of 33 acres extending east to Noble Ave, and was occupied by Theodore. Before the donation, Magdala would have comprised 43 acres.

Thomas Napiers widow remained in the stone and brick house (apparently just west of the later mansion) on 23 acres until the property passed to her daughter Eleanor in about 1891. During the next two years Eleanores husband, George Page Barber, built the house at the n/w corner of St Vincents. The 1899-1900 rate book of Broadmeadows Shire assessed the nett annual value of the house at 200 pounds, ten or 20 times as much as most houses. Eleanore Barbers Rosehill, 22 acres surrounding the house, had a N.A.V. of only 50 pounds; it would be far more valuable than the well-kept mansion today.

Barber died on 26-3-1914 and Eleanore two days later. Their son, Dr Norman Charles Barber subdivided the property as the Rosebank estate.
(Essendon Conservation Study, 1847 directory, rates, Annals of Essendon R.W.Chalmers.)

In 1879-80, Thomas Napier was listed as the occupier of 80 acres. Ten acres of this, immediately across the Moonee Ponds Creek from La Rose, seems to have been traditionally leased by the occupants of that 270 acre farm. On 13-10-1873, Thomas Napier agreed to lease this land to William McCulloch from 1-8-1873 for three years at a rent of 10 pounds p.a. The land had been previously occupied by James Robertson, owner of La Rose, who had leased his farm to McCulloch. It is unlikely that McCulloch of riverboat fame saw out the lease as he bought Glenroy Farm from Donald Kennedys widow in the next year or so.(Search 8066E, McCracken letters). Because the part of Rosebank between the railway and creek is split among four Melway maps it is difficult to calculate its area. However, using the south and north boundaries of 10 and 29 chains (obtained by deduction from dimensions in memorials), I have reckoned it as 4.5 + 10 + 4.5 acres.

In 1920-1, Mrs A.Walker was leasing 20 acres, on the creek and on the north side of Woodlands St, from Willy, close enough to my calculated 19 acres. Apart from the Rosebank estate, also listed in Woodland St were: Harry Hudson, house and land and Michael J.White 22 acres* and a house and 15/2? acres. Magdala was 33 acres, the park 10 acres, Mrs Walker had 20 acres, White had 22 acres and the last confused entry should be 15 acres; these add up exactly to the 100 acres purchased from Brewer 75 years earlier.
(* The same land Eleanore Barber had in 1900.White was either leasing the land or an agent for Barber.)

SECTION 16.
The first map, part of the 1860 Geological Survey, shows different allotment boundaries to those existing when section 16 was alienated in 1862 (n/e of Bulla Rd)and 1865.

This was the old Town Common. It was surrounded by Treadwell Rd, the latitude of English St (Mawbeys Lane), Mawbey Rd ( later called Lincoln Rd or St, now Carnarvon Rd) and Keilor Rd. Mawbey Rd, shown on the eastern boundary of section 15 in sketch of title 16466 of about 1882 and still known by that name in 1942 according to Harry Peck, ran along the eastern boundary to St Johns where John Mawby was leasing land from Lady Franklin in 1863. Search Certificate 11578 of 1890 shows that Mawbeys Lane ran between section 16 and section 23 to the north. (See section 23.)

These maps, from the sources specified above, show Mawbeys Rd and Mawbeys Lane.

The portion of section 16 east of Bulla Rd., in the Broadmeadows Road District, was sold in 1862 with W.Williams buying 8 of the 13 blocks of roughly 20 acres. His land occupied most of the area (between the N-S runway and Carnarvon-Arvon Rds) north of the freeway and south of the latitude of English St, which is the northern boundary of section 16.

SUMMERHILL.
Lot 13 (of 14 acres) bounded by Bulla Rd., Woodland St. and the eastern section boundary, Lincoln Rd. (Carnarvon Rd.), went north far enough to include the Cranwell Ave. houseblocks. In 1863, Townsend Somerville, was leasing it from the grantee, R.Chance, and in 1879-80, Sommerville was rated on land with the same value as Theodore Napiers nearby 20 acre Magdala. House Names of Essendon calls Berrena, the home in 1882 of Essendons Clerk of Courts and Electoral Registrar but this might have been the name of a building in which his office was located. Commenting on Somervilles death, the Essendon Gazette of 10-9-1891 stated that hed lived on his Essendon property Summerhill for 40 years. Why was his name so seldom listed in directories for Essendon and never for Moonee Ponds (except as follows) and Ascot Vale? It is known that he spent the last two years of his life at present No. 26 Ardmillan Rd., Moonee Ponds, probably to be near a doctor. The 1888 directory for Essendon has him listed under Deep Creek Road as follows:

Mt.Alexander Rd. John Bruce (west side), Keating brick yard, Lincoln Rd., W.T.Kendall vet. Surgeon, Robert Spivey, Townsend Somerville.

There is fair evidence that lot 13 was Summerhill. It is likely that, in 1920-1, the house and 14 acre property was owned by Edward Wood. He was possibly a son of Mary Wood who had owned the nearby Essendon Hotel* for over half a century when she died on 26-4-1906. (* the Grand presently, formerly De Marcos.) For Somerville to have lived on lot 13 since 1851, he would have had to have leased the land from a squatter such as John Foster before the town common was declared and then been allowed to continue his occupancy by Chance from 22-7-1862. Certainly this location was handy to Keilor where he, as Clerk, and Charles Shuter, as Police Magistrate, conducted the Court of Petty Sessions every Tuesday in 1868. The courthouse later became the Shire Hall.


Incidentally the bends in the streets either side of Bulla Rd. (at Kerferd St. to the west and in the middle of Dublin Ave. etc.) were caused by a diamond shape in the subdivision plan, the northern half of it covered now by the airport.


Broadmeadows Road Board/Shire extended south to Woodland St on the eastern side of Bulla Rd (until 1979). By 1863, it seems that the Franklins had bought land in section 16. As Young and Morby (sic) were wholly occupying section 23, the farm (N.A.V. 90 pounds) that James Smith was leasing from Lady Franklin had to be in section 16. Williams still had land (N.A.V. 72 pounds and leased to Alex. Kearney), J.T.Smith had the 19 acres between the walking track and Carnarvon Rd, and Sommerville was leasing quite some house (N.A.V. 27 pounds) on the 14 acres (now bisected by Wood St) owned by R.Chance.

In 1880, Thomas Kelly had land (N.A.V. 134 pounds) in the Essendon Division. This was not the eastern part of section 23 because Robert McDougall was occupying that 200 acres (which Kelly had leased from 1871 and bought in 1875) so it had to be on section 16. Sommerville had bought Chances grant, which now had a N.A.V. of 50 pounds.

By 1900, Henry Carr had bought 44 acres on Deep Creek (Bulla) Rd. Michael Fox, a contractor of Keilor, had a small block on Essendon Hill, where he probably kept the horses and drays used to carry the sand he obtained from the Moonee Ponds Creek. Martin Delaney, also a contractor, was leasing 20 acres (lot 10, i.e.Alf Pearce Park) from J.Lyons. Jane Anderson and dairyman, Alfred Smith, also had small blocks. The rate collector only seems to account for about 70 of the 230 or so acres in the Broadmeadows portion of section 16.

The 1920 rates show that John S.Kelly (of Blair & Sons, Melb.) had 199 acres, Edward Wood the 14 acres bisected by Wood St and Thomas Lyons the 20 acres including A.Pearce Park. This rate collector, with the aid of geographical instead of alphabetical listings, was able to account for all of section 16 within the shire.

The confusion in 1900 might have been caused by subdivision. First Avenue, on lots 10 and 9 (both granted to Williams), was declared a Public Highway on 27-5-1887. Second Ave, obliterated by the freeway, was obviously part of the same subdivision. Due to the 1890s depression, the subdivision probably failed and much of the land would have been vacant.

The western part of section 16, under Keilor road board/ shire from 1863, seems to have been subdivided twice. The 1860 survey map (see start of section 16) shows it divided into lots 1-9 and 20 south of a road leaving Bulla Rd opposite Woodland St and running (parallel to Keilor Rd) almost to Treadwell Rd. It met another road running from the Keilor/ Treadwell Rd corner to the corner of English and Bulla (Wirraway) Rds, which separated lot 23 (adjoining 17B or Niddrie) and lot 22 which contained road metal quarries. Lot 25 takes in the area of Royal Ave and lot 24 the Orange Grove area. I presume lots 10-19 etc were to be on the east (Broad-meadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd. The Keilor Shire part of section 16 may have been sold three years later than the eastern half because the quarries on lot 22 were still required. (Perhaps until the quarry on William Dewars Glendewar at Tullamarine could supply enough Dewars metal to use on Bulla Rd. as the Keilor Roads Board had requested on 24-8-1867.)

Again in blocks of about 20 acres, continuing the diamond inside a quadrilateral pattern, and with Treadwell (Nomad) Rd. as its western boundary, the Keilor portion was sold to five men in 1865*. South of the freeway course, fiery and recently deposed Essendon councillor, B.J.Cooke bought the blocks fronting Keilor Rd. to about Birdwood Ave. and Dr. J.Harbinson, from Northern Ireland bought all the blocks on the northern side of Kerferd St and fronting Bulla Rd. Much of Cookes land became the Devonshire estate where streets were named after Premiers. The next few streets west were probably named just after the Prince of Wales visit in 1920. Officers of his ship, the Renown, planted pine trees along the river near Aberfeldie Park. Field Marshall Birdwood commanded Australian troops early in W.W.1. The land between Bulla Rd and Kerferd Rd was sold as the Royal Gardens Estate.

The land north of the freeway was bought by D.Mairs (see journals re Blackwood and Bittern) , T.G.Anderson, and Samuel Mansfield from Tullamarine. Mansfield farmed there for many decades. Sam had blocks between Birdwood Ave. and Treadwell Rd. as well, with the farmhouse near the s.w. corner of the airport. Mairs received the grants for about 73 acres between the intersection of the two runways and (almost) Vaughan St. By 1900, Walter Aitken was leasing (possibly from John English) a total of 113 acres. This land consisted of lots 29 and 32 (north of where eastbound Calder Freeway traffic tries to merge, granted to Anderson) and 31, 33-36 (Mairs grant). C.Aitken had been farming the same 113 acres in 1893.

The western 17 chains or 340 metres of the airport are part of Niddrie. (See 17B.)

SECTION 23.
This was granted to corrupt magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, Major G.F.B.St.John in 1843. J.P.Fawkner exposed his bribe-taking and he fled home embarrassed in 1848. Lady Franklin bought the 516 acres and in 1863 leased three farms to men such as John Morby*. Later Henry Stevenson of Niddrie bought 300 acres called St. Johns and Robert McDougall of Arundel had 200 acres to the east. John Hall was supposed to have owned part of section 23 north of an easterly extension of Moore St as part of South Wait according to a parish map but this could not be possible. Early this century, when Gordon Connor was being taken from Moonee Ponds to his Grandma Nashs Tullamarine farm every Christmas, Cam Taylors St. Johns was always green in summer because of Essendons nightsoil being dumped there. Jack Howse had South Wait, between Bulla Rd and the n/w part of section 23, on which he had a slaughteryard. On 3-8-1921, John George Taylor, probably Cams father, sold 91 acres of St. Johns to the Commonwealth Government. A 15 acre lot on section 16 was also purchased to enable sufficient length for the runway and eight days later St. Johns Field opened. On 7-8-1923, it was given the official title of Essendon Aerodrome. Cameron and J.G.Taylor might have been related to G.W.Taylor, who bought many properties in the late 1880s north of section 23, in the hope that a railway to Bulla would follow Bulla Rd; in case it hugged the west bank of the Saltwater River, he also bought section 18 land.

(* This spelling was used in Broadmeadows 1863 ratebook. Harry Peck spells it Mawby. The 1866 and 1871 Kensington directories, and title documents, spell the name Mawbey. Mawbey or Mawbeys Rd was an early name for Carnarvon Rd and was still being used in 1940 according to Harry Peck. Mawbeys Rd is shown on sketch of title 16466 of about 1882.) Mawbeys Lane separated sections 16 and 23.

TITLE INFORMATION.
Section 23 is east of Vickers Ave and north of English St with its s/e corner indicated by Lebanon Reserve. It was granted to Major George Frederick Berkley St John on 22-2-1843 and the part east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. St Johns corruption, as a police Magistrate and Crown Lands Commissioner, was exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner, his neighbour north east of the creek. According to C.P.Billot in The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner, St John sued Fawkner for libel in 1848 and won the case. However the costs awarded against Fawkner amounted to peanuts and embarrassment caused St John to resign his position.

Incidentally Billot manages to spell Berkeley a bit better than the titles office clerk responsible for search certificate 11578.

Sketch of Title 11578 seems to indicate that St John made Charles Hotson Ebden a dower trustee on 25-2-1843 (B 304). On 17-12-1844, section 23 was conveyed to Sir John Franklin by Ebden, Frederick Armand Powlett (who was probably also a trustee) and St John (c 341).

On 31-3-1852, Sir John and Dame Jane leased 414 acres of section 23 to Thomas Lawson for 10 years at a rent of 100 pounds p.a. This land went east to Nursery Corner. On 17-3-1862, Henry Mawbey (mentioned by Harry Peck) started a 5 year lease of 123 acres commonly known as Dunns Farm and recently occupied by Eliza Guest. As mentioned before, section 23 only consisted of 525 acres, and these two farms had a total area of 537 acres. Dunns farm actually comprised 111 acres of section 23 plus the northernmost 12 acres of section 15.

Running from the present Arvon Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, this section 15 land ran 295 links south from the Lebanon/Amar St corner to the Lebanon/ Melissa St corner. Franklin bought it from E.J.Brewster on 15-2-1847 for 48 pounds. Because the block was always referred to as part of section 23, there is no sketch of title in J.M.Englishs application for title No.46645. When Franklin died he gave Dame Jane, who had borne him no children, only her clothes and left his estate to a daughter from a previous marriage. This 12 acre block was fenced in 1882, possibly by John Murray Peck, but was never sold by Franklin. English claimed title through long occupation.

On 16-2-1863, Thomas Henry Lawson Young agreed to lease 419 acres at 294 pounds p.a. Young obviously did not see out the lease as on 1-6-1871 Henry Mawby bought 525 acres from Dame Jane Franklin. Earlier on 28-2-1871, Mawbey had memorialised a lease in duplicate in which Thomas Kelly agreed to pay him 200 pounds p.a. for 5 years for 200 acres (poorly described but probably the land later occupied by Robert McDougall.)


On 28-6-1871, Mawbey mortgaged section 23 to Bishop Charles Perry for 2500 pounds. By 9-10-1873, Mawbey was forced to mortgage it (now 521 acres) to Tondeur and Lempriere. He was now a meat preserver at Warrnambool and Mawbey, Collins & Co. owed money to the Melbourne merchants. Mawbey conveyed the 525 acres to Lempriere for 5645 pounds on 23-7-1874 and on 23-1-1875 his mortgage was cleared. On 23-2-1875, William George Lempriere leased 310 acres 23 perches (St Johns Farm) to Thomas Kelly and mortgaged this farm and the triangular 26 acre 1 rood 20 perches (the s/w corner of section 23 on the other side of Bulla Rd) to Joseph Henry Kay for 4000 pounds. On the same day, Thomas Kelly surrendered the lease on 200 acres (from Henry Mawby) that was memorialised on 21-2-1871. The lease had been intended to run for another year. Vol. 246 folio 901 memorialises a conveyance in fee of the next day in which Thomas Kelly paid Lempriere 5162 pounds for the eastern 206 acres of section 23. On the next day (25th), Kelly mortgaged this 206 acre twice to Lempriere and his partner, Andrew Murray of Wool Wool (near Larpent) for 3500 pounds (V.246 f.902) and 1074 pounds 18 shillings (V.246 f.903).


Henry Stevenson paid Lempriere L7066/17/- on 23-3-1877 for St Johns Farm (310 acres) and the 26 and a bit acres at the s/w corner of section 23. By 1920 Cam Taylor was farming St Johns whose grass was green in the driest summer because of Essendons nightsoil. J.G.Taylor sold part of the farm to the government for Essendon Aerodrome not long after.

Lemprieres sale of the eastern 206 acres to Kelly seems to have been short-lived as, on 20-8-1880, Lempriere transferred the mortgage on this farm to John Ware from whom he received 3500 pounds.

Although no memorial has been found, Lempriere, or perhaps Kelly, seems to have sold or leased this land shortly afterwards to Robert McDougall who was assessed on 200 acres, Doutta Galla in 1879-80.

Broadmeadows rates of 1899-1900 show that it was owned by the Hodgson executors and had been farmed, along with Oak Park, by Robert Bryant and then Alexander Robertson who had just replaced him. (A parish map of about 1890 shows that Hodgson had 225 acres and Stevensons St Johns was now only 300 acres. It wrongly had the north western 1/3 of section 23 labelled John Hall; Stevenson and Hodgsons land totalled 525 acres, exactly the acreage of the part of section 23 n/e of Bulla Rd, so Hall couldnt have had any of it. His land consisted only of 22 B and D.)

My parish map shows section 23 as 515 acres 3 roods and 29 perches. The number of acres given seems to have resulted from a draughtsman transposing the tens and units figures. Memorials consistently show that the part of section 23 east of Bulla Rd consisted of 525 acres. When the 26 acre triangle, now bounded by Nomad Rd, Wirraway Rd and the English/ Vaughan St midline, is added, the total area of section 23 is 551 acres.

The 1920-1 ratebook lists John S.Kelly as renting two houses and a total of 199 acres from Blair and Sons. Kelly could have been a descendant of Thomas Kelly who, after leasing and then buying land in section 23, was recorded in 1879-80 as the owner of land in the Essendon Division (i.e. section 16). J.S.Kellys land was in the north-east half of section 16.

BLACKWOOD JOTTINGS (1)

BLACKWOOD RESERVOIR.
Cr Millyard was handed a letter written by Mr Williams who wished to speak to the council about the Blackwood reservoir.(Note, this has not been corrected on trove.)

Mr. Williams being called upon, said-I am acting for the public of Blackwood in this matter. The Chairman: Do I understand you rightly to say that you represent the public of Blackwood at this Council today ? Mr. Williams: Well, perhaps that is saying too much; but I am here to request, on behalf of the public interest of Blackwood, that this Council will interfere between Messrs. Walker and Armstrong obtaining a lease of the Blackwood Reservoir, or permission to cut a race therefrom. Mr. Walker has applied to the Board of Lands and Works for the lease of the race, and he also states that this Council has no power in the matter; whereas I am informed that the Council holds a lease of the reservoir, which is the exclusive property of this Council, I also wish permission to be allowed to peruse that lease. - Should Messrs. Walker and Armstrong attain their object, it will create a private interest detrimental to the public interest of Blackwood.

Councillor Mairs: It is important that this Council should take some steps in the matter, and it is also important that Messrs. Walker and Co. should not be put in possession of the property which they are now applying for. I will move-"That the Secretary write to the Minister of Mines, in reference to the application of Messrs. Walker and Armstrong, of Blackwood, for the right to cut a race in connection with the Blackwood Reservoir, and request that such right be not granted, as this Council is of opinion that the right to construct watercourses in connection with the above reservoir should be vested in this Council alone. And that, to create private interests in connection therewith, would be highly detrimental to the interests of this Council, and to the interests of the people of Blackwood." Councillor Graham would second the motion,
believing that it would serve the best interest of Blackwood. Carried.
(P.3,Bacchus Marsh Express, 25-5-1867.)

GREENDALE.
A letter from D.Ryan, which discussed Greendale originally being part of the Bacchus Marsh Road District and the possibility of having to join the Bacchus Marsh Shire, gives much detail about the formation of the Ballan Road District Board. Ryan (the letter is signed D.R.)stated in another letter that David Mairs nominated Blackwood's first rep. and as he was unlikely to forget the Mairs name, the typesetter was most likely responsible for Main. Only part of the letter is shown here and the paragraphing is mine.

In 1862 a few men met at Flack's hotel, Ballan, and petitioned to have Ballan constituted a Road District. The boundary towards Blackwood was fixed by the petitioners at the northern boundary of allotments near Long Gully, owned by Mr. Andrew. But when the boundaries were gazetted no one was more surprised than myself to find that the more important part of Blackwood was brought within the Ballan Shire. Mr. Steavenson did this work by a stroke of the pen.

The residents of Blackwood in those days were both numerous and prosperous. They, however, never stirred to come under the Act, and thereby committed a grievous blunder, as they might easily have formed a respectable municipality themselves, being then the most important centre in West Bourke. Instead, however,the inhabitants of the various townships of which Blackwood is composed were very jealous that any particular little township would be better served than the other three. It would be amusing reading to publish the details of the various improvement com mittees formed at Blackwood from time to time.

For a great number of years past- perhaps from the beginning, the inclusion of the agricultural portion with the mining portion as one Riding has been immensely unsatisfactory. Our interests tend Marsh wards. Some years ago, in accordance with the wish of my neighbours, Mr. Standfield and myself drafted a petition, the purport of which was the annexation of our territory to the town where we transact our business, viz., Bacchus Marsh. Before the necessary signatures were .attached some person gave out that "if you join the Marsh you will have to pay the ordinary rate, a water rate for Messrs. Pearce Bros., and another for the Water Trust." This story travelled quickly amongst my neighbours, and they would believe nothing else. Hence, from that day I became very indifferent as to the disposition of the Shire funds. Three years ago another friend drew a like memorial for the same purpose, and surely enough another story upset this proposal.

No one here grudges the Blackwood people to vote en bloc, as they did at the last election, but a good many criticised the act of 16 voters here who always vote against any neighbour; which, if added to - the other 20 ratepayers who refrained from voting gave this side a big pull back. - Mr. Hamilton is a native of this neigh bourhood-a live man, full of zeal and vigor, and a son of one of the very best men who ever resided here; still, the 16 true men of Greendale voted against him.

To show the cruel wrong Blackwood is inflicting on this part of the Riding I have to go back a long, long road to the first election of the Ballan Road Board District. Election day was a big event for Ballan, yet Blackwood showed the utmost indifference. About a dozen Blackwood people came over on a pilgrimage to Ballan. Among those I now remember were George Moore (a talented man, who died in his native city, Bristol); William Vigor (a favourite); and J. B. Garland, " Bozzy." All now with the majority.

I need not say how Blackwood had no show of electing anyone on that day ; yet, through the good offices of Messrs. Mairs, Fox, and others, we supported Moore, and had him elected the first representative for Blackwood; but entered into a solemn compact with Mr. Moore that none of the money raised on the agricultural portion should be expended in the forest till our roads were made in the agricultural portion. This proposition was ratified; and as a matter of positive certainty Mr. Moore obeyed it to the letter. So did Cr. Mill yard, who succeeded him, except if he saw the Council in good humour he'd ask for 5 or 10 " to cut a dangerous sideling," &c. He used to superintend the execution of this work himself, and the Council was the gainer, as he always had full value from the best men he employed.

Barry's Reef at this time was growing strong, and not being on the best of terms with the Golden Point people put forward a resident of their own as candidate at a Shire election. The result surprised everyone as the Barry's reef man went within two of being elected. Barry's Reef people were jubilant, as they knew their strength, which kept rapidly increasing till another surprise was sprung upon the ratepayers. This was an additional Riding, necessitating all the members coming out of office. For the new Council Barry's Reef nomi- nated three of its best men, who were easily elected, thereby taking all the representation. And taking our share of the "Municipal fund, or a great portion of it, to make a forest road which we do not require, and our own roads neglected, and disregarding the compact entered into.etc. (P.1, BME, 3-10-1896.)

DAVID MAIRS.
David Mairs seems to have had a soft spot for Blackwood. This might be because at the time of his marriage in 1857 his address was 35 Roslyn Rd, North Blackwood (according to a genealogical website!) I have had no luck finding any mention on trove of Roslyn Road in Blackwood, Greendale or Ballan. However my search turned up this beauty.
EUREKA!
BALLAN. On a recent visit to our much esteemed friend, Mr. Denis Ryan, J.P., I was favored by the brief but interesting intelligence that the East Riding of Ballan Shire in the first Road Board was represented by Messrs. David Mairs, Denis Ryan, and George Moore. (P.3, Bacchus Marsh Express, 10-4-1909.)

DENIS RYAN, HARRY ATHORN AND GEORGE JACKSON.
Ryan's story certainly differs in some respects from that given in ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD.Only a part of Ryan's letter is reproduced here.

MOUNT BLACKWOOD. To the Editor. SIR,-George Jackson would, I think make a good living anywhere. I was present at his wedding at Leahy an Egan's, Bacchus Marsh. He, Tom Spice(r?) (Ballan), and Black Charlie, would surprise any mob of wild bullocks in the Pyrete scrub or anywhere else that they were commissioned to muster. Jackson picked up with Harry Athorn, East Ballan hotel, an expert horseman, Bill and Jim Keating (Keating's swamp, Mount Cotterell), Tom Gregory, Disher, and George Whale of Ballan, joined the party, who started in January, '55, on a pilgrimage through the Blackwood ranges, and fixed their tent on the site of Peter Jensen's property, at Golden Point, Blackwood. They worked on with great success, opened up Jackson's gully, and got heaps of gold. Jackson let me know, so one morning early in March John Leahy, John Edols, myself, and Sergeant Roberts, started for Blackwood Towards evening we came to the camp of our acquaintances, and it was a sight to see the immense quantity of gold in pickle bottles (a pickle bottle held about 12 lbs troy). After getting lost a few times we got back next evening late, jaded and careworn. As soon as I could discharge my obligations I made up my mind to try Blackwood.(P.3, Bacchus Marsh Express, 9-7-1898.)

By the way, George Jackson was living in poverty later and Harry Athorn,(in 1854, a publican at East Ballan who also owned two team of bullocks) later became a butcher and was declared insolvent.

AND NOW THE SOURCE USED IN ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD.(The part about Blackwood's name is not included.)
James H.Walsh of Ballan was far too kind to G.B. whose "legend" included not one name.
BLACKWOOD DIGGINGS.
To THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS
Sir,- G B' s interesting article on Blackwood on August 20th recalled a version of the first discovery of gold there, given to me by Harry Densley, a resident of the Ballan district from 1853 to his death in 1919. His version does not differ materially from that of GB but it is more circumstantial and it contains intimate details of the occurrence only to be expected from one who played a part in it. Densley was a native of Van Diemen's Land. He arrived in Victoria with his father in December, l851, his father having been attracted by the gold discoveries. His eldest brother Charles had come to Bacchus Marsh with Captain Bacchus in 1838, and another brother Thomas, came later, so after landing Harry and his father made for there on foot. Immediately after their arrival they started with a party for the Forest Creek diggings but having no success there they moved on to Bendigo, and later to Ballarat where Densley senior, died towards the end of 1852. Harry who was then between 14 and 15 years was brought to Bacchus Marsh, and after a time he obtained employment as a bullock driver from one Harry Athorn, a well known identity of that place at that time. In 1853 Athorn came to East Ballan, and built an hotel there, at the top of the hill to the east of the valley which he named the Travellers Rest. Densley and another bullock driver named Crockett came with him. In addition to the hotel business he had two bullock teams carting on the roads. His account of the discovery of gold at Blackwood given by Densley to me is as follows - "Harry Athorn and Harry Hider were the first to discover gold at Blackwood. They made the discovery in the latter part of I854. Six bullocks that had got away from earlier carters were generally known to be in there on the Laradoc (as the Lerderderg was colloquially, and perhaps correctly, styled by the early settlers), and previous attempts to get them had proved unsuccessful. Athorn and Hider went on three different Sundays to seek them and on the last occasion when in the vicinity of where they were supposed to be running they stopped about mid day to have lunch on the bank of the creek where Golden Point now is. The water was clear. While eating their lunch they saw water worn gold at the bottom of the stream. They collected as much of it as was visible. Overjoyed with their discovery they returned with the gold, and with two of the bullocks, blazing a track out to make sure of finding the place again.

As soon as they returned to East Ballan a party was made up to prospect the discovery composed of Athorn, Hider and three others named Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger, the arrangements being that all were to share equally in any gold discovered. Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger were to do the prospecting while Athorn and Hider found them in food and other requisites. The prospectors begun work in Jackson's Gully (named after one of them) and they camped on the far side of the creek about where the Golden Point bridge is. In some of the holes put down good gold was obtained and in others none but on trying along the course of the creek the party found that gold could be got anywhere in it. I took the first lot of provisions out to them on horseback being guided to them by the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider, and afterwards a man named Matt Cook and I took out a larger supply and some mining equipment. Cook having half a ton on a two horse dray and a like weight on a dray drawn by six bullocks. After leaving Athorn's we went down by Pyke's homestead and crossing Doctors Creek below it followed the eastern bank of that stream through what is now Mr Lidgett's paddock until we reached about where the present road is. We then turned in an easterly direction and kept on until we arrived at the site where Greendale now stands, where we camped for the night near where Mr George Henry Roberts's latest store afterwards stood close to a large pool in which a servant woman in the employ of the Dale's had drowned herself a short time previously. In consequence of this tragedy the pool had received the name of the Lady's Waterhole and I did not like camping near it . On mentioning my doubts to Cook he did not seem to be perturbed and remarked philosophically 'She will not hurt you'

The creek was not then washed out as it is now and it could be crossed easily any where. After starting next morning we kept along the left bank of the creek, over the big hill and on until what is now called the Junction was reached where we again camped for the night. Next night we made for where the prospectors were working at what is now called Golden Point above which Jackson and Dungey met us and cut a track for us through the heavy heath and undergrowth which enabled us to reach the tent at the foot of the hill close to the creek. Throughout the journey we followed the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider but as trees had to be cut and fallen timber removed to give the dray passage our progress was necessarily very slow. The news of the party's operations was soon bruited about, and a considerable rush set in in which a good many early Ballannites took part "
Yours &c.,
JAMES H. WALSH. Ballan, Sept. 12. (P.9, Argus,17-9-1927.)

3 comment(s), latest 1 year ago

DROMANA MUSEUM, VIC., AUST.

People of Dromana, you have a great museum but now it's only open two Sundays a month. I don't live in Dromana but I love the town because I have made a connection with its proud past. Unfortunately most members of the historical society, many of whom are descendants of pioneers, are getting on and it is becoming harder to fill the roster of volunteers to open the museum on Sundays. Apart from age, another factor affecting the number of volunteers could be that Dromana residents don't seem to care about the area's proud history.

Here I must praise the Dromana Primary School. By doing a project about the Dromana pier, which could soon disappear and not be replaced , the school ensured that my colleague and I had a most enjoyable day last Sunday, helping two children and their parents. I'm sure that my colleague would have been bored out of her brain if they had not turned up. Not I, though. It would give me a chance to explore the treasures in the museum so that when 20 people turn up, I'll be able to refer them to any information they are seeking.

Hopefully, this journal will inspire you to visit the museum. Instead of telling you that we have thousands of photos etc., I will give you some detailed information about some of the items you can see.

The museum is housed in the Old Shire Office on Pt Nepean Rd, in the third block west of McCulloch St (Melway 159 G7.) Dating from the late 1920's,it was designed by Stewart Calder in the Spanish mission style. It was the shire's first real home, with meetings being regularly held at the Dromana Hotel for many years despite efforts by some councillors to give the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat Hotel a turn.

Near the entrance to the museum rooms are marble memorials to Watson Eaton and Archie Shaw.


WATSON EATON. (Also see HISTORICAL NOTES after the information about Archie Shaw.)
Abraham Griffith,an American like Rosebud's Henry Bucher, was the master of a whaler sailing out of Philadelphia and came to Australia in 1854. By 1855 he had settled on the Survey (Melway 160 H4.) Watson and Bernard Eaton are thought to have come out with Abraham and his wife, Rebecca. Both brothers may have farmed with Abraham but Bernard seems to have spent decades on the gold fields, owning a "race" at Creswick at one time, before returning in the late 1880's to mine on the Tubbarubba diggings. Bernard's unmarried daughter Maude lived out her days in Dromana, dying in 1956 aged in her 90's. Benjamin Eaton, who was possibly Bernard's son was appointed librarian at the Dromana Mechanics' Institute.

In another journal, I have details of Abraham's death, and Watson probably looked after Rebecca when she became a widow. Watson later selected 150 acres at the west corner of (the now-closed) Eatons Cutting Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd (Melway 190 F2.)This land was granted to his executrix, Rebecca, following his death.

Colin McLear had vivid memories of the memorial, which attracted his attention during boring sermons at the Dromana Presbyterian Church where it had hung for 80 years since the building had been the Union Church (shared by several denominations.) Colin stated that Watson had done several years of a medical course but that is not true.
(When researching on trove, I often get sidetracked by a neighbouring article that catches my eye. The article about the inquest into the death of a man, in which Watson Eaton testified that he had never received any medical training or attended university, was one such sidetrack. The digitised version of this article must not have Watson's name spelt correctly and combinations of Eaton with Dromana, Kangerong and words that were in the article achieved no result despite hours of searching. I have recorded the newspaper and issue date regarding this article, and others. about Watson Eaton, but I have no idea where; these details were not in my PENINSULA DISTRICT HISTORY and DROMANA,ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND(not journals)which were the most likely locations. So you'll have to take my word re the article, which will be pasted here when I find it.)

I'm not going to tell you what the memorial says but you can come to the museum and read it! I'm not sure whether Watson was involved in perhaps the most dangerous thing the pioneer women could do, give birth. The Dromana district was lucky to have women such as Susan Peatey on the Survey, who delivered Henry Bucher's daughter, the first white child to be born in Rosebud. What do the papers say about Watson Eaton?

The district coroner held an inquest at Kangerong, on the 24th inst., on the body of a man named Abraham Griffiths, aged 58 years, a farmer residing at Kangerong. The deceased was seen about noon on the 27th February, driving a pair of quiet horses in a four-wheeled vehicle, on the road towards Dromana. About 3 o'clock on the same afternoon he was seen by a man named James Wiseman, standing by the side of a fence below Mount Martha. Tho body of the vehicle was close by, with the front wheels gone. Tho horses were about 50 yards off. Wiseman spoke to deceased, who did not recognise him. Seeing the deceased was hurt, Wiseman took him home. A sapling six inches in diameter had been broken by the vehicle. The vehicle was in good working order.

William Potter, a constable stationed at Dromana, said that the clump of saplings was a most dangerous one. It was situated within the boundary of the Mornington Shire. Watson Eaton, a partner of the deceased, said that the latter was able to go about for a few days after the accident. Deceased explained that the horses ran away with him down the hill, and that he could not keep them off the saplings.(P.6,Argus 27-3-1874.)
ARTICLE INCOMPLETE. I GAVE UP TRYING TO SUBMIT THE REST A SENTENCE AT A TIME. WHAT A WASTE OF TWO HOURS!

As Mr. Eaton of Kangerong was on his way to Flinders to a sick person, the young horse he was riding suddenly commenced bucking, throwing Mr. Eaton, who fell heavily to the ground fracturing his leg near the ankle. He lay helpless for some time, but at last succeeded (by?) cooeying in attracting the attention of a Mr -- ner, who soon got assistance, and conveyed him to his home. Having considerable skill in setting fractured limbs, he directed the operation himself. We hear that he is progressing favorably, but since it was a bad fracture he will probably be laid up for some time, which will be a loss to the district as he is a most useful man in cases of sickness ever ready and willing to go to any part of the district.
(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 24-10-1877.)

Watson's conditioned worsened and he was taken to the Alfred Hospital but he died. Frantically the district sought a doctor to replace Watson, never having worried about getting one while he was alive.

ARCHIE SHAW.
Unfortunately the index for A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA needs some modification. This comes from page 88, which is not mentioned in the index in relation to Ben Shaw.

Benjamin Shaw came to the peninsula as a hawker and settled in Dromana where he established the Kangerong guest house (on the site of a caravan park and the Caltex Garage) in the 1880's. His son, Archibald Vine Shaw married Maude McKeown, this connection recently used to name a reserve in the subdivision of a former McKeown orchard. The Shaw-McKeown reserve is mentioned on the website MORNINGTON PENINSULA DAILY by Gemma Wiseman, a descendant of a very early Red Hill pioneer through whose grant the part of White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner (Wiseman's Deviation ) runs. Gemma has posted a very clear photo of the history board at the reserve. The history board states that Benjamin and his wife, Elizabeth, arrived in Dromana in 1875.

The following comments about Gemma's post shows that some people do value Dromana's heritage.

VioletSky said...

I wish there were more signs like this that give a good family and historical history of the area.
July 5, 2012 at 7:31 AM
RedPat said...

It's nice to remember them with some green space!
July 5, 2012 at 10:19 AM
Clytie said...

I love seeing signs that bring local heritage to life ... history is so important!
July 5, 2012 at 12:46 PM
Lindy MacDuff said...

As it should be, so history will not be forgotten.
July 5, 2012 at 12:59 PM
NixBlog said...

Good to see the pioneers acknowledged in this way, Gemma.
July 5, 2012 at 5:12 PM
Pat said...

What a nice tribute - not only a sign but also a nice GREEN area!
July 6, 2012 at 12:14 AM
Dianne said...

no matter how small, a reserve and acknowledgement are treasures
July 6, 2012 at 1:06 AM
PerthDailyPhoto said...

It took some time Gemma, but as Pat says, what a lovely way to be remembered!
July 6, 2012 at 2:09 AM
Francisca said...

It seems we need reminders that our communities are not made up of isolated individuals and our present is linked to those in the past. My screen is not large enough to read the sign, but I'm glad it's there.
July 6, 2012 at 4:09 AM
Lesley said...

what a neat sign that explains so much! and it is a bonus that the descendants are still in the area.
July 6, 2012 at 10:47 AM
itellya, Rosebud said...

Well done to Cr Graham Pittock for seeing this request granted. I'd seen the letter in the folder in the museum and wondered if the desired outcome had been achieved. Mrs McKeown was a sister of Hill Hillis, another early pioneer. Unfortunately the sign is wrong in stating that James McKeown moved from Red Hill in 1875; it should be 1885.
Well done to the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce for the statues and the Waiting Tree history board.
February 24, 2013 at 11:32 PM

THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXTRACT FROM MY JOURNAL ABOUT THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS.
Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw,of Kangerong, Dromana,died on Tuesday,aged 63 years. Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years, during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P.6, Argus, 27-10-1932.)

Archie's son Maurice, who ran Shaw's Garage for many years, also ran a bus service which was much appreciated by hinterland residents. In another article (about a discussion by council of this service being stopped from connecting with the Portsea service bus at Moats Corner), Maurie's name was given as J.M.Shaw. It is likely that his first given name was James, his maternal grandfather being James McKeown.
REDHILL. (EXTRACT)The usual bus service run by Mr Shaw from Dromana to Red Hill has been discontinued owing to orders from the Transport Board. This bus was a blessing to local residents, as owing to petrol and tyre restrictions, it was almost impossible to get down to Dromana beach. It was also convenient when necessary to get to town unexpectedly, or, if the early train from town was missed. It will be very much missed, and it is hoped that the service will soon be allowed again to fill the needs of local residents.
(P2, Standard, Frankston, 5-4-1945.)


SOME OLD HISTORICAL NOTES FOUND WHEN I GOOGLED WATSON EATON.
The mistake about Watson's medical training appears here too but the page is very interesting.

Historical Notes

Red Hill 2009 Show Display
A display of photographs was prepared by the society for the Red Hill Show held in March 2008. This event celebrated 150 years of shows on the peninsula and 80 years of the Red Hill Show. Another outstanding display was created in 2009 and is on display in the Historical Museum, Old Shire Offices, 359A Point Nepean Road, Dromana.

Book Launch - A Dreamtime of Dromana
On 8 April 2006 the Society launched the book - 'A Dreamtime of Dromana- A history of Dromana through the eyes of a pioneering family.' Written by local historian Colin McLear, the book has 227 pages, over 100 photographs of early Dromana and contains a detailed index.

Howard Ratcliff Lawson: Builder and Entrepreneur
This fascinating display which was set up in the Museum in 2006, marked the 60th Anniversary of Lawson's death at Dromana in 1946. Lawson had the foresight to see the tourist potential in Arthurs Seat and built an extravagant complex of buildings on the summit including swimming pool, ballroom and viewing area with a camera obscura. Nearby he built several houses but his untimely death put an end to the project. Lawson also was a prolific builder of flats in the South Yarra and Dandenong Road areas.
The display is preserved and will be repeated in the future.

The Hobson Brothers
Edmund Charles Hobson and Edward William Hobson were born early in the 1800's and brought up with their grandparents in Hobart. Edmund studied natural history and medicine and was one of the founders of the Melbourne hospital whilst Edward became an explorer and grazier, and was one of the first settlers between Melbourne and Sorrento. He was also the owner of the ill-fated vessel Rosebud which was wrecked in Port Phillip Bay.
These were the subject of a recent display.

Watson Eaton - Physician to the Pioneers
In November 2002 a small display was set up in the Museum commemorating the 125th anniversary of the death of Watson Eaton in 1877.

Watson Eaton arrived in Australia on board the barque Nimrod from New York on March 1855. He was reported to have travelled out with Abraham and Rebecca Griffith who also came from Philadelphia. Watson Eaton and the Griffith family were neighbours on Jamieson's Survey and were also in partnership together.

Watson Eaton was a bachelor who had completed several years of medical training but had not qualified. Whilst farming on Jamieson's Survey he put his medical training to good use as the community lacked a doctor. Eaton always kept a horse saddled in his stable ready for an emergency. Whether he rode to Flinders or Dromana he charged a flat rate of one pound per visit.

On 21 October 1877 while on his way to a patient he fell from his horse and sustained a badly broken leg which he attempted to set himself. Unfortunately the leg became infected and this led to his death three weeks later on 14 November 1877.
A road between Red Hill and Dromana is known as Eaton's Cutting.

Jetty Store Plaque
A plaque was unveiled on the wall of the National Bank building in Dromana on Wednesday 24 July 2002. It shows the original 'Jetty Store' built on the site.

Matthew Flinders Bi-Centenary
A museum display '1802 and All That' produced to support the launch of the Valda Cole book The Summer Survey: Log of the Lady Nelson 1801 - 1802 under command of John Murray, can still be viewed in the Museum. All copies of the book held by the Museum have now been sold.
A small booklet commemorating the ascent of Arthurs Seat by Matthew Flinders and others on 27 April 1802 is available to purchase.

In February 2002 a ceremony was conducted to commemorate the entry of the Lady Nelson under the command of Lieut. John Murray into Port Phillip Bay on 14 February 1802. This was the first ship to enter the bay. This entry was accomplished after a launch under command of William Bowen with five men had ventured into the bay on 31 January 1802 to find a suitable access passage. They returned on 4 February 1802 and reported to Murray that a 'good channel' had been found. A plaque was unveiled on the monument next to the museum to commemorate these events.

Murray named Arthurs Seat after a similar hill near his native city Edinburgh.

On 30 March 1802 the Gographe, under the command of Nicolas Baudin, sailed past from Cape Schanck heading south-west, but missed the entrance to Port Phillip Bay. The next week, French officers and men from the Naturaliste, under command of Hamelin, thoroughly explored the coast from Wilsons Promontory up to and including Western Port Bay.

The historic meeting of Baudin and Flinders took place at Encounter Bay on 8 April 1802.

The Investigator under the command of Captain Matthew Flinders entered Port Phillip Bay on 26 April 1802.

Centenary of Federation
Henry Bournes Higgins who lived at 'Heronswood', Dromana, was one of the founders of the Australian Constitution. He was member for North Melbourne in the first Parliament of the Commonwealth, and Attorney General in the first Labor Ministry formed by John Watson in 1904. He died at Heronswood on 13 January 1929 and is buried in the Dromana Cemetery. As a contribution to the celebration of the Centenary of Federation, the Society prepared a small photographic display on the life and times of Henry Bournes Higgins.

Jamieson's Special Survey
The Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 covered an area of 5120 acres (8 square miles) in the Dromana area and was bounded approximately by Ellerina Road to the North, Point Nepean Road to the South, Safety Beach to the West and a N-S line West of Tubbarubba Road on the eastern boundary.

A display relating to the Jamieson Special Survey of 1841 was presented in the Museum during the period July - December 2000. The display included photographs of some of the early settlers in the survey, and recent photographs taken near the survey boundaries. A copy of the survey map produced at the time was also included.

125 Years of Education
On December 19th, 1950, eight small schools - Red Hill, Red Hill South, Flinders, Shoreham, Main Ridge, Balnarring, Merricks and Merricks North, closed to form Red Hill Consolidated School. An era which commenced in the 1870's ended, and a new era began. The 125 years of education was celebrated at the Consolidated School on 1-2 April, 2000.

2 comment(s), latest 7 months, 1 week ago

DROMANA PIER, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA (FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS.)

DROMANA PIER.
John Aitken carried all his sheep ashore when the Chili ran aground.
Peter Pidoto loaded timber at Sheepwash Creek for all the piers around.
George McLear said the pier should be built on the Survey coast
But others preferred the present site the most.

Schnapper Point was getting a pier so, in 1858, Dromana tried a deputation;
Mr Scurfield told of the post office and store, timber and a larger population.(1)
In 1859 another deputation asked for 2000 pounds for the pier's erection
But the request was refused: no municipality, so you could try a collection.(2)

At last a jetty Dromana finally gets;
Two thousand pound on the estimates!(3)
More money in '66 to make the pier complete
For the Reliance and others in the coastal fleet.(4)

The pier became longer and longer
But it didn't help when a gale became stronger.
Peter Pidoto's Ripple finished up on the beach
No matter how far into the bay it did reach.(5)

The traders vied for berths with the steamers quite often
Rob Adams would wait with his drag for Lord Hopetoun(6)
And tourists who for bathing and nature were dying,(7)
While the pier sides were bedecked with fishing nets drying.(8)

Steamer passengers kept many guest houses going
And Adams, Hobley, Cairns, Chapman their drags a-stowing.
Rail ran to Mornington for those with sea-sickness forboding;
Also to pier-end for trading craft loading.

Harry Copp, John McLear, Doan Griffith and Fred Vine(9)
Professionally fished with net or with line
But they aged and their maker did meet;
So too the pier, replaced with concrete.

Now our pier deals with neither steamers nor trade
But our greatest efforts to keep it must be made.
At its end, fishermen still love to dangle a line
And strollers think a promenade is just fine.

Our poor old pier is suffering concrete-cancer.
A single contract "demolish and build" is the answer!

1. P4, Argus, 29-10-1858.
2. P.5, Argus, 7-12-1859.
3. P.3,The Mercury, Hobart, 26-2-1862.
4. Dromana stands upon a long, low, sandy ridge, naked and bleak looking. Our party landed on the unfinished jetty, where it appears a considerable trade in timber is carried on. And we may remark, en passant, that it is a good thing for a district to have a Cabinet Minister to represent it; for we understand that a sum of �900 is put down on this year's estimates to complete the Dromana jetty. (P3, South Bourke Standard, 6-4-1866.)
5. P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-11-1890.
6. Robert Henry Adams' Hopetoun House (on the site of the McCrae Car Wash) was named after Lord Hopetoun, Governor of Victoria, who was a frequent guest. A bit of a land-lubber, he preferred to travel the rest of the way to Fort Franklin on land rather than sail all the way to Sorrento.
7. Numerous articles extol the beauty of the area and the fitness freaks loved to climb Arthurs Seat. Bathing consisted of rolling up the trousers and wading because anyone over the age of 10 faced very strict guidelines about attire (as shown on the historic board near the pier.)
8. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
9. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

The first verse is about the Dromana area before it had a pier. John Aitken was one of the earliest settlers in the Port Phillip District (as Victoria was known). He was the first man to have farm animals in the Dromana area, not by choice. This is from an article about Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania) in the Sydney Herald of 21-4-1836.
March 22-Sailed, the brig Chili, Captain Nixon, for Port Phillip. Passengers, Messrs. G. W. Sam, John Aitken, R. M'Leod, T. Harrison, J. Gray,T. Forrester.

The Chili went aground near Dromana. Guess which people helped him to carry the sheep ashore. Did you say Boon-wurrung? His sheep would have been a scared and sorry-looking lot and he probably gave them a long rest before he walked them all the way to a hill west of Sunbury. He was there by the time Governor Bourke came from Sydney to deal with John Batman's land-grab and the Governor stayed with him, naming the hill Mt Aitken.
About five years later, Hugh Jamieson bought Jamieson's Special Survey and the part of it near the coast is now called Safety Beach.

SOME RESEARCH.
1. From Melbourne Brindle's map, find: (a) the name of Jonah Griffith's boat (built near Jetty Rd): (b)which fisherman lived on the foreshore opposite Kangerong Avenue or a bit further east?
2. How does something that makes concrete stronger cause the concrete cancer?
3. How long do you think the pier is? Now measure it with a trundle wheel to check.
4. Why do some piers have old tyres where vessels berth?
5. The reserve near the pier including the playground is named after a policeman at Dromana who won the Police Valour Award and worked very hard for community groups. If you are clever find his name on the plaque (or Melway.) If you are very clever look on trove to find why he and his colleague were honoured for their bravery.

THE TOWNSHIP OF DROMANA AND KANGERONG.
The first white man to buy land near Dromana was Hugh Jamieson who bought Jamieson's Special Survey, which had the same boundaries as Safety Beach but went as far east as Bulldog Creek Road. Land could not be sold until it was surveyed and until that was done, by dividing land into parishes and then crown allotments, it was leased to squatters in huge areas called Runs. The Kangerong run had been leased to Edward Hobson who had then moved to the Tootgarook run and later to Traralgon which he gave the aboriginal name meaning river of little fish.The Arthurs Seat Run was leased by the McCraes from 1843 and the Burrells from 1851.

The Survey was leased to Henry Dunn, after whom Dunns Creek is named, from 1846 to 1851 but then was leased in smaller pieces to many pioneers whose families would be the lifeblood of Dromana right up to today. Colin McLear gave much detail about them in his book. It was another decade before Dromana existed.James Holden and Peter Pidoto were based near the Carrigg St corner. Holden had a store and Pidoto a slab hut to house his workers. Both were near the Survey where most of the population lived. Holden wanted to be near his customers and Pidoto near Sheepwash Creek where he loaded timber, wattle bark (for tanning leather) and so on from Arthurs Seat.

By the mid 1850's the parish of Kangerong had been surveyed and sold to such as William Grace, who was granted "Gracefield" in 1857 and planted orchards and grapevines.Some of the land was bought by people, such as Andrew Russell of Essendon, who did not live on their grants. Walter Gibson and Mary Ann McLear moved across the road from the Survey and established "Glenholm" and "Maryfield". As there was no pier, perishable food could not be sold in Melbourne so most farms were self- sufficient. It was hard for farmers to earn money so much barter wasused such as "if you build my fence your bullocks can graze in my paddock." The Skeltons of Sorrento had their bullocks driven to the distant goldfields, where there was a ready market, so they could earn some cash.

Luckily, a local market for the Kangerong farmers came into being in the late 1850's. It is possible that some sleepers came from Arthurs Seat in 1854 for the Sandridge (Port Melbourne) railway which opened on 4-11-1854 but by 1858 there was huge demand for this timber for railways and jetties.These people had to eat and live somewhere so William Grace could sell his fruit and wine, the McLears (later Henry William Wilson) could slaughter cattle and sheep, wheat was needed for flour and carpenters were in demand.

It was natural that the Dromana Township site would be near the timber-getting area of Arthurs Seat.The area south (uphill)of Boundary Rd had been sold to Grace and Caldwell but west of McCulloch St was still crown land. The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St and went right to the top of Arthurs Seat (Pindara Rd.)
Towerhill Rd divided larger suburban blocks some of which became the McKeown orchard where the recently named McKeown-Shaw Reserve is now located.The funniest thing about the township was the western boundary near the beach. It was called Burrell Rd which was supposed to go straight up a cliff and join Latrobe Pde where it turns to the south. Of course this road was never made!

Once a township was declared, it was entitled to a post office and a school. They had to be in the township and the post office was at the corner of Foote St and made of green McCrae granite. The rest of what we today call Dromana was section 1 of the parish of Kangerong!

THE RUDDY PIER STORE.
So here we had public buildings near Carrigg St(to service the Survey) and near Foote St (to service the Township). It's almost certain that one of the chores of the Survey children was to pick up the mail on the way home. It wouldn't be long before a general store was set up nearer the township, but where?

Rudduck and Karadoc are two ways to spell an old word, thought to be Celtic, that means red breast. If someone has a ruddy complexion that means red. People who didn't like swearing would use ruddy instead of bloody (blood being red of course.)Gee,thinking about language is fun. I just realised (from Rudduck) that the duck got its name from its prominent breast! Rud=red and duck=breast!

Samuel Rudduck was an early purchaser in section 1 Kangerong. The 103 acre block (about 400 big house blocks)over the road from Safety Beach became known as Karadoc; this being the name of one of the streets on it. Samuel's son, Nelson, was a carrier to and from Gippsland and met Jane Sophia Chapman at Springvale.They married and moved to Dromana soon after their first child was born in 1871.Nelson set up a makeshift store near the pier and later built the Pier Store on the Dromana Hub corner of Pier St. The choice of the site was really very obvious, wasn't it?

HOW KANGERONG BECAME DROMANA.
The terrific place mats at Ray Stella's Dromana Hotel contain a mistake which is my fault. I took Colin McLear's word that Richard Watkin built the Dromana Hotel in 1857,but I discovered last night while researching the pier that Richard Watkin was running the Scurfield Hotel in the township in 1858.

With the pier becoming the focus of the settlement, it is obvious that some residents, especially those on the Survey would want the post office in a more central location.The Pier Store and H.G.Chapman, the blacksmith, were near the pier and several guest houses catering for the steamer passengers and the Dromana Hotel were to the east of Pier St. In about 1927, the old showgrounds far to the east were sold and the present footy ground bought, the old racetrack behind the Dromana Hotel became the Foreshore Estate, all because of Spencer Jackson,who also sold the Panoramic Estate from which Macedon and the You Yangs could be seen.

The Survey may have had some influence in the centre of Dromana moving away from the township but it is fairly obvious that if the pier had never been built, the shopping centre would not be where it is today. Dromana had its pier before it had a road board,it has had its pier for 150 years and without its pier, Dromana will no longer be Dromana!

Children of Dromana, rise up,rise up, I say;
Dromana must have a pier, forever and a day!

SOME MORE RESEARCH.
Letter to the Editor columns in local papers give people a chance to tell many others what they think. The Mornington Peninsula Leader has such letters under the heading of Conversations.In the 5-3-2013 edition, Barbara, Iva and Robert gave reasons why the Dromana Pier must stay.
1. List all the reasons for retaining the pier given by these three people but do not repeat any.
2. Pretend that you are the Government and you don't want to spend money on the pier. Try to argue against these reasons. For example, you might say that you don't need a pier to promenade (stroll) looking at the sea.Try to argue that all the activities we love on the pier can be done without a pier.
3. Of course you really want the pier, so now you have to argue against what politicians might say so they don't have to rebuild the pier.For example, their argument that you can see the sea from the shore can be countered by Barbara's points about the stingrays and the fish swimming under the pier; you can only see such things from on top of the water.
4. Get into groups and try to think of more reasons to retain the pier. It would be good for one of the group to pretend to be a politician who doesn't want to pay for a new pier and does as you did in 2. You then have to defeat the politician's arguments as you did in 3.

POSTSCRIPT. 28-3-2014.
Beside the approach to the Dromana Pier are the George Bishop Reserve to the west and and Ernest Rudduck Square to the east. Colin McLear mentioned the latter in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and it was years before I discovered its location by pure chance. Both men were obviously great community contributors but apparently they were also both Shire of Flinders councillors although the LIME LAND LEISURE index on the internet does not mention this, and the heroic George Bishop was not in the index at all.

Therefore I was surprised to find that Dromana Secondary College exists because of George Bishop's persistence. As one of the aims of my research is to acknowledge our pioneers, I often google one of them just to check that I have succeeded. My internet research is usually done from trove (old newspapers)so I hadn't seen this before.

History and Tradition - Dromana Secondary College
Dromana Technical School 1967-1988
Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007

Dromana Technical School 1967-1988 Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007
Albeit minimal in numbers settlement commenced in the district as early as 1838. It would take until February 1861 before Dromana was proclaimed a township. Only thirteen years later in 1874 primary education began with the establishment of the Dromana State School No184, but it would take another 93 years before secondary education in Dromana commenced.

Cr George Bishop, a Flinders Shire Councillor and Policeman stationed at Dromana, having failed to get a Technical School in Mornington the year before, called a meeting at the Rosebud Memorial Hall in October 1966 for parents of prospective students. He reported to the large crowd in attendance that his tireless work had paid off and he had won the struggle to obtain a technical school at Dromana.

Cr Bishop believed that the time was right to open a technical school to compliment Rosebud High School, a co-educational secondary school that had commenced operation in 1954, and Red Hill Consolidated School which held classes from Prep to Form 4 (Year 10). Any boy however wanting a trade education had to catch a bus and those who resided on the Westernport side of the peninsula, a train to Frankston Technical School.

It was Cr Bishops drive and enthusiasm and his no nonsense approach to the community that ensured the establishment of our school. At the time of the opening of the school (107 years after our towns humble beginnings) the population on the southern peninsula had reached a level where justification was in order for a permanent technical school for the district south of Frankston taking in the areas covered by the Shires of Flinders, Mornington, and Hastings.

1 comment(s), latest 11 months, 2 weeks ago

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN BLACKWOOD,VIC., AUST.

Margot Hitchcock's history of Blackwood is going to be a corker. Even though she has corrected trove digitisation anonymously, it is plain that she has gathered an incredible amount of information.I had intended to add a Blackwood chronology and some information about pioneers to my previous Blackwood journal,but I will put this on hold until Margot's book is published. I will write no background notes for most of the following verses because this information will probably be in Margot's book. If you can't wait until then, search for a combination of key words, including Blackwood, on trove and you will find my sources.

Years ago, I read of a connection with Blackwood of the family of Albert Thurgood, the greatest footballer of his time, and I was reminded of this when exploring the roads (on a google map)that I used to run (never thinking how the Sultan Track got its name). Discovering Thurgood St,I tried unsuccessfully to find a Thurgood/Blackwood connection on trove but discovered the correction of the digitisation mentioned previously,which prompted this journal.

None of the poems will be finished until I am. Look for additions.

THE FIRST TWO PARTIES.(From pages 3-5 of "Aspects of Early Blackwood".)
Edward Hill and Isaac Povey tried a colonial stint
In 1854, and laid bricks for the Sydney mint.
The West Bromwich Wanderers decided to seek
Gold in the vicinity of Wombat Creek.

In October 1854, Edward set off for the Mount Blackwood ranges,
But his mate twice pulled out, too aware of the dangers.

Meanwhile Harry Athorn of East Ballan's "Traveller's Rest"
And neighbour, Harry Hider, decided to test
Reports of bullocks on the Laradoc* astray
And had some luck on their third Sunday.
They counted themselves lucky finding two of the strays
But the next thing they found did truly amaze.

Near Jackson's Gully they stopped for a feed
And filling the billy saw the glint that begets greed
And to East Ballan blazed a track
That Dungey, Bellinger and Jackson followed back.

George Jackson saw gold in the gully that bears his name,
The other two prospectors soon doing the same.
To provide supplies, Athorn and Hider undertook
And they came by Harry Densley, later helped by Matt Cook.

Meanwhile Hill,disappointments did scorn
And found three companions through Harry Athorn.
They too would desert him; he didn't know that,
But he made his big find at Hill's Tent, Ballan Flat.

The Golden Point crew had kept their find hush;
Hill, through the lost Maplestone, started the rush
So Jackson summoned his mate Matthew Sweet
And this made the Golden Point party complete.

Ballan Flat was called Red Hill, the Estaffette's destination,
Frederick Boys' disappearance soon after caused great consternation.
Lerderderg was the new name for the Laradoc
And soon they had to get gold out of the rock.

N.B. It was John Hill who caused the rush, was on the 1856 electoral roll and was buried in the Blackwood cemetery. By 1861, Henry Athorn was a butcher at East Ballan and had become insolvent (P.2, The Star,Ballarat, 14-3-1861.) See the January 1855 entry in the annals at the end of my other Blackwood journal for D.Ryan's recollection of George Jackson's companions.

The information about Jackson's companions in ASPECTS OF EARLY BLACKWOOD come from the recollections of Harry Densley as told in this letter.

BLACKWOOD DIGGINGS.
To THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS
Sir,- G B' s interesting article on Blackwood on August 20th recalled a version of the first discovery of gold there, given to me by Harry Densley, a resident of the Ballan district from 1853 to his death in 1919. His version does not differ materially from that of GB but it is more circumstantial and it contains intimate details of the occurrence only to be expected from one who played a part in it. Densley was a native of Van Diemen's Land. He arrived in Victoria with his father in December, l851, his father having been attracted by the gold discoveries. His eldest brother Charles had come to Baccchus Marsh with Captain Bacchus in 1838, and another brother Thomas, came later, so after landing Harry and his father made for there on foot. Immediately after their arrival they started with a party for the Forest Creek diggings but having no success there they moved on to Bendigo, and later to Ballarat where Densley senior, died towards the end of 1852. Harry who was then between 14 and 15 years was brought to Bacchus Marsh, and after a time he obtained employment as a bullock driver from one Harry Athorn, a well known identity of that place at that time. In 1853 Athorn came to East Ballan, and built an hotel there, at the top of the hill to the east of the valley which he named the Travellers Rest. Densley and another bullock driver named Crockett came with him. In addition to the hotel business he had two bullock teams carting on the roads. His account of the discovery of gold at Blackwood given by Densley to me is as follows - "Harry Athorn and Harry Hider were the first to discover gold at Blackwood. They made the discovery in the latter part of I854. Six bullocks that had got away from earlier carters were generally known to be in there on the Laradoc (as the Lerderderg was colloquially, and perhaps correctly styled by the early settlers), and previous attempts to get them had proved unsuccessful. Athorn and Hider went on three different Sundays to seek them and on the last occasion when in the vicinity of where they were supposed to be running they stopped about mid day to have lunch on the bank of the creek where Golden Point now is. The water was clear. While eating their lunch they saw water worn gold at the bottom of the stream. They collected as much of it as was visible. Overjoyed with their discovery they returned with the gold, and with two of the bullocks, blazing a track out to make sure of finding the place again.

As soon as they returned to East Ballan a party was made up to prospect the discovery composed of Athorn, Hider and three others named Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger, the arrangements being that all were to share equally in any gold discovered. Jackson, Dungey and Bellinger were to do the prospecting while Athorn and Hider found them in food and other requisites. The prospectors begun work in Jackson's Gullv (named after one of them) and they camped on the far side of the creek about where the Golden Point bridge is. In some of the holes put down good gold was obtained and in others none but on trying along the course of the creek the party found that gold could be got anywhere in it. I took the first lot of provisions out to them on horseback being guided to them by the trees blazed by Athom and Hider, and afterwards a man named Matt Cook and I took out a larger supply and some mining equipment. Cook having half a ton on a two horse dray and I a like weight on a dray drawn bv six bullocks. After leaving Athorn's we went down by Pyke's homestead and crossing Doctors Creek below it followed the eastern bank of that stream through what is now Mr Lidgett's paddock until we reached about where the present road is. We then turned in an easterley direction and kept on until we arrived at the site where Greendale now stands, where we camped for the night near where Mr George Henry Roberts's latest store afterwards stood close to a large pool in which a servant woman in the employ of the Dale's had drowned herself a short time previously. In consequence of this tragedy the pool had received the name of the Lady's Waterhole and I did not like camping near it. On mentioning my doubts to Cook he did not seem to be perturbed and remarked philosophically 'She will not hurt you.'

The creek was not then washed out as it is now and it could be crossed easily any where. After starting next morning we kept along the left bank of the creek, over the big hill and on until what is now called the Junction was reached where we again camped for the night. Next night we made for where the prospectors were working at what is now called Golden Point above which Jackson and Dungey met us and cut a track for us through the heavy heath and undergrowth which enabled us to reach the tent at the foot of the hill close to the creek. Throughout the journey we followed the trees blazed by Athorn and Hider but as trees had to be cut and fallen timber removed to give the dray passage our progress was necessarily very slow. The news of the party's operations was soon bruited about, and a considerable rush set in in which a good many early Ballannites took part "

What is the origin of Blackwood's name? J G Saxton says ('Victoria Place Names and Their Origin") -Blackwood - Captain Blackwood of the Fly 1842 to 45.

Whether this refers to the mining settlement I am unable to say. It was undoubtedly called the Mount Blackwood diggings at the outset, being named after the mountain of that name, situated some miles to the south-east of it. The mountain seems to have been or originally named Mount Solomon by John Batman, in 1835. At the time he also named Mounts Cotterell and Connolly near Rockbank. It was subsequently called Clarke's Big Hill after Ken neth Clarke who as representative of the Great Lake Company of Van Diemen's Land came to Bacchus Marsh with sheep in 1836 and subsequently moved up to the Pentland Hills, which he named. Neither of these names held permanently. My opinion is that its present name was given to it after the Captain Blackwood mentioned by Saxton, but when, or in what circumstances, I am unable to say. Perhaps some readers may know. - Yours &c.,
JAMES H. WALSH. Ballan, Sept. 12.



BLACKWOOD IN THE BEGINNING.
Charles Shuter took charge of the funds for the C. of E. church and school
But in the Reid case against Chapman for wages, justly failed to rule.

The miners here at Blackwood displayed great propriety;
The lawless learned to fear the Mutual Protection Society.

Parcels sent daily from Melbourne, miners could expect to get
Thanks to Davies of the Southern Cross, Crossman and the "Estaffette".

GOLD.
Gold not extracted by batteries and amalgamation
Was for the miners a major frustration;
Gold not extracted was the miners' loss
So they were excited by the scheme of Bryce Ross. (P.2, Argus, 15-11-1855.)

THE CHINESE.
Fifty odd Chinese came to Blackwood in late 1855,
Advance guard of many more to arrive. (1)
Another posse came on the fifth of October;
They were busy as bees so they must have stayed sober.(2)

"Look at those Chinese, with cradle and dish
They work the old stuff; find as much as they wish.
An Englishman claims he is equal to half a dozen Chinese;
If he works like them,we'll need no immigration decrees." (3)

By legislation with the effect of a picket:
Ten pounds to get in, a Chinese Protection Ticket.(4)
Some ship masters had another thought,
"Why not dump them at Westernport?"(5)

"Oh,ye oblique-eyed, sober, grinning exiles from the flowery land,
The consternation you cause Teutons, you fail to understand." (6)
The new English Bogy the writer thought dumb;
The Mt Blackwood correspondent just said they had come.

By May '61, 250 Chinese were on the Blackwood alluvial,(7)
But relations were not always convivial;
Ah Slang was charged with stealing copper plates at Simmons Reef.
Found not guilty, he said he knew the thief.(8)

At Kangaroo Flat, the Chinese cut away a dam that Europeans built
In 1857. Did it rob them of water? Did they feel no guilt?
A battle royal ensued; cuts, bruises, a broken hand the worst fate
And the matter would go to the magistrate. (9)

1.P6,Argus,12-12-1855. 2. P.4, Argus, 16-10-1856. 3.P.7,Argus, 23-11-1855. 4.P.5, Argus,9-10-1855.
5. Lime Land Leisure. Finding that it was too far to the diggings,many became the first fishermen at Flinders and burnt lime near Sorrento. The Captain would make 10 pounds per Celestial dumped because the landing fee would have been included in the fare. The Government increased its scrutiny of Westernport to stop this practice. 6. P.5,Argus,5-9-1856. 7. P.6,Argus,7-5-1861. 8. P.6,Argus,18-8-1863.
9. P.5,Argus,13-10-1857.

INSOLVENCY.
William Happer Fleming, a small provision store at Mt Blackwood did hold,
After two or three years searching for gold;
He had a 6 roomed cottage and a half acre of land
But the deeds were now in his creditor's hand.(P.6, Argus, 11-3-1856.)

R.S.Agnew & Co. of Williamstown was financially unsound;
G.F.Agnew and Eades had a branch store at Blackwood and lost over 400 pound. (P.7, Argus, 18-4-1856.)

Charles and Frederick Long, merchants and storekeepers of Blackwood St, Melbourne North,
To try their luck on the Blackwood diggings boldly ventured forth.
But their hopes of a fortune were soon to fade,
Due to losses in mining and depression in trade.(P.5, Argus,8-1-1859.)


JOHN MARTIN
John Martin,confident,athletic and strong,
Despite his mates' advice, saw nothing wrong
With risky stunts being flirty.
He had a wife and child and was aged about 30.

At Ure's 200 foot deep shaft
At Simmon's Reef, he was being daft.
He swung on a rope down ten feet;
Climbed hand over hand his trick to complete.

Then he swung down 50 feet, death to defy,
But suddenly there came a cry.
That was the end of the dare-devil's life;
John made a widow of his wife. (P.4, Argus, 5-4-1860.)

Was he the son of the inventor,
John Stanworth Martin, who was the centre
Of attention at Simmon's Reef when first was seen
"The Nonpareil" his quartz- crushing machine? (P.6, Argus, 14-5-1861.)

Was Christopher Martin related to either John?
Due to Philip Marello his life was gone,
Murdered at Mount Blackwood in 1855;
The villain at Tarrengower or Jim Crow thought to arrive. (P.5, Argus, 14-11-1855.)

(Tarrengower=Maldon, Jim Crow=Franklinford. The dare-devil's family was Irish and another Martin family at Blackwood was from Cornwall.)

STOREKEEPERS TOOK RISKS TOO.
When a correspondent said that Blackwood's population was less
Another would claim it was more.
The first would ask the second to confess
That he was the owner of a store.

If Blackwood was seen to be losing its gloss
Storekeepers faced a gigantic loss.
Buyers for their goods would never be found;
After paying for cartage 2000 pounds.

It was Solomon who'd so spent 2000 quid;
He was slandered by Moss who flipped his lid
When Solomon tried to sell his Blackwood store
To Moss's brother with debts of this amount or more.(P.5, Argus, 25-9-1855.)

(Some other storekeepers will appear in "INSOLVENCY".)

1856.
Fred Willett and Rob Woolland ran stores at Golden Point.
Thomas Jones and Caesar Kaiser healed ills internal or in a joint.
There were five hotels: Scheele's Lergederg, the Great Britain (Holland and Forder),
Gregory's, Edward's Bull and Mouth, and the Golden Point with Levy keeping order.

THE GRAND HOTEL, MORNINGTON,VIC., AUST., AND SCHNAPPER POINT.

Mornington really comes to life on Wednesdays when the famous Main St market is held weekly. Although the car parking provision is far better than what exists at most shopping strips, you need to get there early on a pleasant Wednesday. Like Sorrento, Mornington has many historic buildings, but Wednesday is not the day to see them. The thing I like best about the market is listening to Chris sing at the Empire St mall and watching the portrait artist from near Westernport at work on her masterpieces.

I love music and several buskers spread out along Main Street.It's nice to hear good singers without the endless chatter and voting off that goes on in T.V. talent shows. A new group,www.horizon.duo.com was performing near the Grand Hotel today and I had to stop for a listen. They were so good I had to buy a C.D. The girl could match any female vocalist I have ever heard and I am very fussy. While I was listening, I was looking at the Grand...and, you know what I'm like.


Mornington was originally known as Schnapper Point in the early days, and like Rosebud was mainly inhabited by fishermen. The fish population in the bay was declining by 1877 and the use of small mesh nets in the first decade of the 1900's brought protests from local fishermen such as William Ferrier (subject of a journal.) However the Hutchins family of Mornington managed to make a living for decades after most professional fishermen had turned to other occupations or areas.

It was gazetted as a township in 1861, as was the township of Osborne* which straddled the mouth of Balcombe Creek.Osborne was expected to be the main settlement, so like William's Town (shortly after Batman and Fawkner's feud started) it was royally named. Osborne was Queen Victoria's seaside residence on the Isle of Wight and the streets were named after her children, Helena, Augusta, Maude etc. Osborne was not a great success but little Schnapper Point received a gift that aided its development, the jetty. (*That is according to the Moorooduc parish map. The following seems to indicate this is wrong.)

TUESDAY, 10th FEBRUARY.
To Follow tho Government Land Sale. Important Sale by Auction of Shelburne House,
The Residence of Robert Byrne, Esq. Schnapper Point, Fronting the Bay.To Precede the Sale of 70 One-Acre Allotments, in the same Township.
WM. TENNENT and Co. are instructed by the proprietor, Robert Byrne, Esq., to SELL by public AUCTION, at their rooms, on Tuesday, 10th inst.,Immediately after tho Government Land Sale of Property at Osborne,
The substantially-built house, in the fast-rising township of Schnapper Point, known as Shelburne House,
delightfully situated fronting tho Esplanade and Bay,and within one mile of the pier.
The property comprises two acres of ground, on which is erected a very commodious house of five rooms, detached kitchen, with very largo verandah ; also an outhouse, nearly finished, capable of being made into four rooms, together with coach-house, stabling, fowl-house, piggeries, &c, with tank holding over 10 000 gallons of rain-water, and tho whole is most substantially fenced in.

The township of Schnapper Point is rapidly advancing. A substantial stone pier, of some 300 feet, has been built; a steamer runs regularly near this very property, and, in the course of a year or so, there is no doubt that this township will become the most favorite resort near Melbourne.


On New Year's Day, 1857, two steamers took excursion parties to Schnapper Point (P.1, Argus 30-12-1856, Steam-ship Advertisements.)One must presume that the passengers were rowed ashore.

SCHNAPPER POINT.-A large and influential meeting of tho shareholders and inhabitants of Schnapper Point and neighbourhood was held at the Tanti Hotel on Saturday, the 28th of March last, to take steps to expedite the formation of tho jetty at Schnapper Point. A. B, Balcombe, Esq., J. P., in the chair. After a few introductory remarks from the Chairman, stating tho object of the meeting, and the report of the Chief Engineer laid before the Legislative Assembly this session on the projected harbour and jetty at Schnapper Point having been read, and the necessity of obtaining an answer from Government respecting their intentions with regard to the proposed works considered, the following resolutions were proposed to the meeting, and carried unanimously ; First: Proposed by Mr. Henry Howard, and seconded by Mr. John Barrett
" That it is the opinion of this meeting that, | steam communication being now established between this place and Melbourne, a jetty becomes absolutely necessary, to prevent the place from retrograding from the want of
proper landing accommodation."
Second. Proposed by R. Byrne, Esq.,and seconded by Mr.John Carruthers :-" That the following gentlemen do form a deputation to wait upon the Honourable the Commissioner of Public Works, to explain to him the urgent necessity of carrying out the jetty at Schnapper Point, and for which the sum of 4,600 has been placed upon the estimates for 1857, and to request Government support for the above object; and that the following gentlemen be asked by the chairman to form such deputation for that purpose:-W. J. T. Clarke, Esq., M.L.C. ; Captain Anderson, M.L.A.; J. T Smith, Esq, M.L.A. ; the Mayor of Melbourne,F. J. Sargood, Esq.. M.L.A.; A.B. Balcombe , Esq., J.P.; Captain Cole; S. Cowderoy, Esq.; j J. Armstrong, .Esq.; E. Lintott, Esq.; S. Toynbec, Esq. ; and the mover." (P.6, Argus, 2-4-1857.)

THE MOVERS AND SHAKERS.
Robert Byrne, an auctioneer, was later a trustee of Mt Martha Park and a meeting chaired by Balcombe expressed its disgust that he had Sam Sherlock stripping wattle bark in the park, which was originally reserved as a site for the Governor's seaside mansion. See the advertisement re Shelburne above (in italics.) Balcombe (to whom the water fountain in the Empire St Mall is dedicated)had a Run earlier which included the township site and called his pre-emptive right "The Briars" after the family estate where the family had befriended Napolean Boneparte. Big Clarke may have had part of Jamieson's Special Survey by this time or he may have been looking after the interests of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Amazingly I could find no notice regarding the Hearn-Clarke wedding on trove and found Big Clarke's obituary via google.
DEATH OF MR W. J. T. CLARKE.
Mr W. J. T. Clarke, whose name has been almost a household word with Victorian colonists for many years past as the richest man in Australia [he was generally known as "Big Clarke"], died at his residence, Roseneath, Essendon, yesterday afternoon, at 20 minutes to 2 o'clock, in the 73rd year of his age. etc.
(P.6, The Brisbane Courier, 24-1-1874.) The obituary makes no mention of James Hearn but Lenore Frost's HISTORIC HOUSES OF ESSENDON did. Lenore stated that Big Clarke had died at Roseneath, the residence of his son-in-law, James Hearn. Roseneath was later the home of William Salmon who donated Salmon Reserve to the council and after whom Salmon St (Melway 28 G1)was named. James Hearn bought about 2800 acres from the Crown on 26-2-1856 (Mt Martha between Bay St and Hearn Rd and 1404 acres as far east as Tubbarubba, adjoining Jamieson's Special Survey.)

Excerpt from my DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY JOURNAL.
On 6-4-1891, Fred Simpson (of Seaview at Red Hill) started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occasions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!

(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assembly for St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)
J.T.Smith is the subject of one of my journals J.T.SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS. Smith,who came from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission on Melbourne's botanical gardens site, soon turned to business. He built Melbourne's oldest surviving residence (google Muzza of McCrae to see the photo) and the Ascot House in Fenton St, Ascot Vale. He was also the grantee of Crown allotment 19 Moorooduc,whose north east boundary was Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd, and built a house called Nyora.
After his death it became the residence of Henry Slaney and, soon after his death,the Ranelagh estate. A new history board near the J.T.Smith Reserve and monument, discusses the Burley Griffin- designed estate.

Henry Howard,publican of Schnapper Point, had insolvency problems in 1863 and was thanked by the acclimatisation society for sending them a native bear in 1864. The 1863 problem probably damaged his standing but it was completely destroyed when he committed a double murder at the Frankston Hotel in 1875.


CAPTAIN COLE.
To the Editor of the Argus.
Sir,-The mercantile community of Melbourne will never, surely, allow such an old and esteemed colonist as Captain Cole to set sail for England without some public demonstration of the respect and esteem he is held in by all classes of the colonists. No time is to be lost, as report says, the stern old Captain sails in the Eagle.
You will oblige by allowing this suggestion a small niche m your valuable journal.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
A MERCHANT. Melbourne, 10th May, 1855.

It would not surprise me to find that Big Clarke was a good friend of Benjamin Cowderoy. He probably received a good valuation for the required portions of his estates at Rockbank and Sunbury/Clarkefield.

Benjamin Cowderoy, Esq., and Robert Hepburn, Esq., to be valuators and arbitrators for the lands required for the Melbourne and Murray River, and Geelong and Ballaarat Bailways. (P.5, Argus, 21-8-1858.) Benjamin might have already bought some land at Schnapper Point for his small investors. He had a proposal for Geelong, where this meeting was held, and where the jetty had recently been lengthened.
VICTORIA FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY The meeting, of the Victoria Freehold Land Society, held at the Masonic Hall on Friday evening, was well attended; His Worship the Mayor presided until other engagements compelled him to leave, when the Chair was taken by the Rev. A. Love. A deputation from Melbourne, consisting of S. M. South, Esq., J. Houston, Esq., and B. Cowderoy, Esq., were in attendance, the latter of whom (the managing director of the society) read the following half yearly report of proceedings which had been presented to the members at Melbourne.(P.5, Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer, 16-10-1854.)

MELBOURNE,
Wednesday Evening. CENTRAL PROVINCE ELECTION.
The election of a member to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Hood, took place this day. There was only one candidate nominated, namely Captain Cole, who was proposed by Mr. Hull and seconded by Mr. Hammill. There being no opposition, the Returning Officer declared Captain Cole duly elected. (P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 29-9-1859.)

ELECTION.-I hereby give notice that at the Election held by me on this day tho election fell by show of hands on Captain W. A. D. Anderson, on whom I therefore declared the election to have fallen, and a poll having been demanded I declared the polling will take place on the 21st day of the present month of October, commencing at Nine o'clock a m., and closing at Four o'clock p.m., on the same day, at the following-named places, viz. :-At Eltham, Anderson's Creek, and Yan Yean In tho Electoral Division of Evelyn, and at Eummemering near the Dandenong Bridge and at Schnapper Point, In the Division of Mornington.
A.B.BALCOMBE, Returning Officer. 10th October, I856. (P.8, Argus, 13-10-1856.)

This site was purchased by Alex Balcombe, Edward Lintott and Harry Goodall (church trustees) from John Armstrong for 70 who donated the money back to the church building fund.(St Peter's C of E church, No 7, Mornington Historic Walk.)

SCHNAPPER POINT.-LAND for SALE, fronting
the Grand Esplanade, at Schnapper Point. Apply to S. Toynbec, solicitor, 4 Collins-street west.
(P.8, Argus, 25-6-1858.)

WHAT ABOUT ME-EE?
Dromana residents were hopping mad that Schnapper Point, with a smaller population, had a jetty while busting Dromana (supplying timber from Arthurs Seat for railways, jetties and firewood, as well as wattle bark and possibly green granite from McCrae)did not. (You'll have to read the article on trove.)
JETTY AT DROMANA, NEAR SCHNAPPER POINT.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Friday 29 October 1858 p 4 Article
... JETTY AT DROMANA, NEAR SCHNAPPER POINT. Yesterday, at 12 o'clock, a deputation of severa ... had a much larger popula- tion than Schnapper Point, a store and post 1 oftic'o were already erected, ... of a jetty at the) forruor place. The deputation, whioh was In- troduced by the Hon. J. B. Bennett, ... 1340 words

However, Dromana finally got its pier too and, at the urging of Peter Pidoto, it was extended into deeper water. Trading between the two places became easier and the tourist trade helped both towns to grow.
MR S.P. Townsend has sold the Enid, which has been used this last eighteen months for trading between Mornington, Dromana, and Melbourne, to go to the South Sea Islands. The Hunnah Moore, a larger boat, has replaced the Enid. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 17-4-1909.)

Direct communication with Melbourne by water is now being arranged for. "The Enid" which was used last year between Mornington and Melbourne, has been sold by Mr. J. G. Aikman M.L.C. to Mr. S. P. Townsend. Mr. R. Parry has leased the boat again, and the first trip will be made this week. Arrangements are being made with the fruitgrowers of Red Hill to call at Dromana for cargo.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-5-1907.)

TOWNSEND.-On the 22nd November, Cadet Philip Mervyn Maunsell Townsend, aged 16, beloved eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Townsend, of Mornington. He was lost with his ship, the t.s.s. Aparima, torpedoed by a German sub-
marine. (P.11, Argus, 15-12-1917.)

It is possible that S.P.Townsend was descended from John Townsend (b. 1840, d.1918), a very early pioneer of Dromana and grantee in 1885 of 150 acres at Rosebud where his son James was born (31C and 30B, Wannaeue, at Melway G 4-6 roughly.) John was building a slaughteryard at Dromana for H.W.B.C. Wilson in 1904 when Wilson's young son was dragged from a nearby waterhole by his father, unfortunately too late. John Townsend brought the lad back to life using mouth to mouth,the earliest use of this resuscitation method I have come across on trove.A relationship to John, who was familiar with the Red Hill area from very early times, might explain the desire to help the Red Hill fruitgrowers who waited nearly two decades for a railway. The Townsend name seems to be first associated with Mornington in 1898.


The Grand Coffee Palace was designed and built by architect William Pitt for Mr. Cornelius Crowley in 1892. Opulent coffee palaces sprang up across Australia in the 1880's in response to the temperance movement which sought to promote alcohol free hotels. Crowley owned the Cricketers Arms Hotel next door and shortly after the opening of the Grand, he transferred the liquour license from the Cricketer's Arms to the Grand. The Grand Hotel was a two story brick building with a central tower. Originally a carriage way went through to the rear with stables to the west side and accommodation built over the stables. The hotel undertook extensive renovations in 1978. In the lounge Bar off Main Street original brickwork can be seen and throughout the rooms on the ground floor a display of photographs of early Mornington lines the walls.
(Web page-MORNINGTON HISTORIC WALK No 19.)

OLD MORNINGTON LANDMARK TO GO
A landmark in the Peninsula district for more than 60 years, the tower on the Grand Hotel, Mornington, is to be demolished. As it has been noticed swaying dangerously in high winds, it has been declared unsafe. At one time the tower served as a guide to mariners, and is still used by yachtsmen and fishermen as a land mark.
(P.3, Argus,16-7-1948.)

OWNERS AND LICENSEES OF THE GRAND HOTEL,MORNINGTON.

1896 L. C.CROWLEY
1899 L. CORNELIUS CROWLEY TO CECILIA POWELL
1900 L. - POWELL TO SARAH STRONGE
1902 ? MR CLAIRE STRONGE (RETURNED FROM BOER WAR.)
1904 L. OWEN CONNORS, J.O.BOWMAN
1905 L. J.O.BOWMAN
1907 L. JOHN HENRY CHANT TO MARY JOSEPHINE GOLDBERG
1909 ? MR AND MRS LOUIS HARRISON
1912 ? LOU HARRISON (RE STINKY DRAIN NOT BEING HIS FAULT.)
1914 L. AGNES HARRISON
1916 ? LOU HARRISON (SON, GEORGE KILLED IN WAR.)
1920 L. DORA GARDEN, CLARENCE D. ROBERTSON TO FLORENCE HELENA DOWNIE (DORA WAS NAUGHTY!)
1921 L F.H.DOWNIE TO ELSIE HARRIS
1922 L. MR C.D.ROBERTSON
1923. SEEMS TO BE NO REFERENCE TO THE GRAND HOTEL, MORNINGTON. A NAME CHANGE?
1927 L. GEORGE EMERY
1928 L. MR GEORGE EMERY
1932 ? MR L.NUGENT (DONATING PREMIERSHIP CUP TO M.P.F.L.
1937 O MR J.SHARP-BROWN
1940 L. J.B.NAUGHTON TO ELEANOR A.PRY
1946 L. MRS GRIEVES (CRICKET MATCH BETWEEN THE GRAND AND THE ROYAL.
1948 O. MR. MADDEN
1948 L. ALLAN DOWNES
1953 L. ALLAN DOWNES (RE SHIRLEY COLLINS CASE.) Incidentally, the George Bishop Reserve containing the playground near the Dromana Pier is named after the Dromana policeman, a recipient of the Police Valour Medal, who was involved in this case.

James Ogilvie Bowman, former proprietor of the Grand, had a two week stay in Mornington in 1907 after returning from New Zealand, but after keeping a hotel in Shepparton and then moving to the Rising Sun in Melbourne, after saying he was going out of his mind, he committed suicide in 1908.(Summary of two articles I had corrected and pasted but accidentally deleted.)

PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST, DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

Frustrated that edits to my SAFETY BEACH resulted in the OH NOES page when I clicked submit, I decided to find out when the Osbornes arrived in Dromana. George Wilson was supposed to have died at Osborne House, Dromana, which was probably an error because Osborne House was in Mt Martha.(George was a pioneer in the parishes of Flinders and Balnarring and probably the son of Sarah Wilson, an early settler on the Survey, who is discussed in my DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY journal.

Osborne was also an early township in the part of Mt Martha north of Balcombe Creek, named after Queen Victoria's seaside residence and with streets named after her daughters, such as Augusta. That's when I was led astray, finding out that the Esplanade (through Safety Beach) to Dromana was first proposed in 1910, that Mr Holden of Dromana was an early preacher at Frankston Methodist Church, and soon afterwards, that F.Holden was a true friend of John McLear. Then I found out that the true friend was Mrs Frances Holden who was, like Mrs Fred Warren*, a long-time widow in the township. I didn't find out that they were neighbours, Colin McLear had already told me that through his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
(* WARREN.-On the 20th October, at Dromana, Frederick Warren, the beloved husband of Janet Warren. (P.1, Argus, 4-11-1919.)

The Township of Dromana was west of McCulloch St,the part of present day Dromana to the east, and extending to Boundary Rd, being Section 1 of the parish of Kangerong. On the coast side of the freeway were crown allotments 1-8 of section 1. C/A 1, triangular with Arthur St as its eastern boundary, was granted to William Dixon Scurfield, who built the Scurfield Hotel(later the Arthurs Seat Hotel and burnt down in 1897) between Permien and Foote St in the Township. C/A 8, granted to Nelson Rudduck's father, Samuel,was almost triangular, except that its boundary was Ponderosa Place rather than the freeway near Pt Nepean Rd. All the other allotments were rectangular with a frontage of 200 metres, except the Dromana Hub site which went only 180 metres west from Pier St. William Grace, who received the grant for "Gracefield" in 1857, bought four of the six rectangular blocks.

Crown allotment 5, of 36 acres and 25 perches, commenced 200 metres north east of Pier St, its frontage being another 200 metres. (The Dromana hotel is right in the north west corner of Allotment 5.) It was granted to Alex P. Thompson,who had sold off two one acre frontage blocks by 1864, the year of the oldest available Kangerong Road Board assessment. Before I deal with the assessments,let's turn to page 79 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

" HOLDEN (1864) had been a miner and came from the goldfields to build a store in Dromama. This stood approximately on the corner of what is now Carrigg St. The verandah in the fashion of this time was low and shoppers stooped to pass under it. He also had a slab hut hard by. Here Peter Pidota's men were quartered. At one time, Robert Rowley and his wife, later of Rye, lived there when he was working loading craft for Peter."
N.B.
1.The name appeared in George McLear's account book in 1864.
2. I searched for Pidota on trove and found not one reference. Colin McLear and practically every rate collector gave the surname as Pidota. So did Isobel Moresby in ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA, with a twist.
'Among the craft which carried timber, firewood,wattle bark and so on to Little Dock in Melbourne was old Antonio Pidota's "Little Angelina".' Isobel was probably confusing his given name with that of Antonio Bosina, a fisherman, of Rosebud. But she made no mistake with the boat's name! A search for Pidoto revealed not only his correct surname but a maritime tradition and links with Williamstown.

THE DROMANA JETTY.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,-I would wish through your columns to call the attention of the Government to tho urgent necessity that exists to deepen the water inside the breakwater at this jetty, as at present it is at great risk vessels lay there to load or discharge cargo. On Saturday last the Little Angelina, only drawing 5ft. of water, bumped heavily through the sea that was on.

Taking into consideration the growing importance of Dromana as a watering-place, it behoves the Government to give this matter their immediate attention, and thus enable the residents here to get their goods loaded and discharged at any time by any vessels of a moderate draught of water.
-Yours, &C.,PETER PIDOTO. Dromana, July 2.(P.5, Argus, 4-7-1883.)

A message from Flinders (Vic.) says.-The wrecked ketch Little Angelina on Phillip Island shore is still hold ing together. She is right up on the rocks, and at low tide can be discerncd from Flinders, distant across the bay about five miles. There does not appear to be much hope of getting her afloat. It is not known here whether any steps are likely to be taken with this object. Tho Little Angelina belonged formerly to the late Mr. Pidoto, of Dromana, and was a regular trader between Dromana and Melbourne.
(P.10, Sydney Morning Herald, 17-6-1899.)

PIDOTO.-Mrs. Pidoto, Clifton Hill, has been informed that her son, Gunner J. Pidoto, who was mentioned in despatches, and was awarded the Military Medal for conspicuous bravery, has been wounded in the chest, and left arm, and is returning to Australia. Before enlisting Gunner Pidoto was a linesman in the post-office in South Australia. He has been on active service for two and a half years. (P.6, Argus, 7-2-1918.)

Has itellya gone completely mad (like Ken Bruce)? Clifton Hill, South Australia? Why not throw in Balmain too,to make the joke complete?
N.B. 3. Robert Rowley was not "later of Rye". He and Henry Cadby Wells were, with the exception of Robert's widowed mother and her second husband, Richard Kenyon (and possibly Captain Adams of Rosebud)the first permanent settlers on the Mornington Peninsula, lime-burning together in the Sorrento area in 1840 and crayfishing together from 1849. Robert married Christine Edwards from Longford in Tasmania in 1859 and probably went to Dromana soon after.He signed the petition of 1861 asking that Robert Dublin Quinan's school be chosen for the Common School. James Holden and Sarah, George and Robert Wilson were some others who signed.

AND NOW FOR THE RATE RECORDS.
In 1864, detail was scant but Richard Watkin had a 12 roomed house (the Dromana Hotel), Alex (Collop?)had an impressive 3 roomed house (nett annual value 30 pounds) and (stores?)and Peter Pidota(sic)had a house and store (N.A.V. 30 pounds.) In 1865, the details for Pidoto and Watkin were the same but Connop(or whatever!)was missing and Alex Haldan, who had not been assessed previously, had 1 acre and a 6 roomed house, N.A.V. 25 pounds.All of these properties were on crown allotment 5 of section 1, and almost certainly the 17 acres on which Edward Burgess was assessed in 1865, along with a hut. Connop and Haldan were probably leasing from James Holden. The hotel would have made the vicinity the ideal place for stores.

James Holden died in about 1874 so we would not expect him to appear in the 1879 rates re crown allotment 5.Peter Pidota (sic),mariner, had 17 acres,possibly bought from Burgess. The Dromana Hotel and its associated17 acres seems to have been forgotten by the rate collector. John McLear, laborer, was assessed on 2 acres. It is likely John combined fishing with any work that was available. With Harry Copp,Fred Vine and Jonah Griffith,he was one of Dromana's four professional fishermen.

Forgetting the 25 perches, crown allotment 5 (and its 36 acres 25 perches) is fully accounted for (17 acres Pidoto, 17 acres pub, 2 acres McLear.)I believe that John was paying Francis Holden's rates for her. John had married Janet Cairns from Boneo in 1874.The 1900 assessment was the sort of effort that later had Cr Terry fuming. John McLear was assessed on one acre; no mention was made of the 17 acres associated with the Dromana hotel or the late Peter Pidoto's 17 acres.

The 1910 rates weren't much better. Still no mention of Frances Holden. Mrs Pidoto must have sold her 17 acres to G.S.Edwards who was running the Dromana Hotel (whose 17 acres weren't mentioned);the occupier was W.E.Thompson but Mrs Pidoto of Clifton Hill was paying the rates.

In 1919, Lou Carrigg was assessed on:
17 acres and hotel, part c/a 5, section 1, N.A.V.150pounds;
16 acres, part c/a 5 section 1, N.A.V. 15 pounds.
If I remember correctly he bought the other 17 acres soon after arriving in about 1914.
Mrs Frances Holden paid rates on 1 acre and buildings, Esplanade, part c/a5, section 1.

The 34 acres behind the hotel became one of Dromana's two racecourses, (the other being north of Dromana Secondary College) and also served as the footy ground until about 1927 when Spencer Jackson sold it as the Foreshore Estate. John McLear's son Nip lived in his father's house till the end of his life. It was demolished to make way for extensions to the Dromana Hotel.

And by the way,Mrs Pidoto's address was given as Balmain , N.S.W. in an assessment but I can't find it.


THE NEIGHBOURS.
McLEAR. - On the 16th June, at his residence,Dromana, John, beloved husband of the late Janet McLear, and loving father of Mrs Wilson (Boneo), Mrs Pentecost (Mornington), George (Wagga), Jack, Mrs A. Griffiths, Mrs McDonald (Abbotsford), Lily, late Harry (A.I.F.), James (A.I.F., returned); true friend of F. Holden, Dromana, aged 72 years 11 months. Colonist 72 years. "Thy will be done." (P.1, Argus, 18-6-1918.)
(Mr Wilson was a cousin of Godfrey Wilson. The Pentecosts were Mornington pioneers and a family member was appointed to take care of the Schnapper Point jetty light in 1863.)

OBITUARY CENTENARIAN PASSES. The death of Mrs Frances Holden, probably the Peninsula's only centenarian, occurred at her residence at Dromana on Monday. Had she lived until October, Mrs Holden would have reached the age of 102 years. With her husband, she settled in Dromana 82 years ago and had lived there ever since. She came from Sussex, England, when a young girl. In her younger days she took an active part in movements for the advancement of the district. A good horsewoman, she used to join parties that went out hunting kangaroos. Burial took place in the Dromana cemetery where the remains were interred beside those of her husband who died about 60 years ago. The burial service was read by the Rev.A.F. Falconer. Mr Hector Gamble, of Frankston had charge of the funeral arrangements. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 25-8-1934.)

OBITUARY
Mrs. Frances Holden who was a widow, aged 101 years has died at Dromana. She had lived in a cottage near the Hotel Dromana for very many years and had a store of reminiscences of her experiences with the blacks in the early days. (P.8,Argus, 23-8-1934.)

Mrs Holden, the oldest resident of the Mornington Peninsula, has died aged 102 years. Mrs Holden arrived from England when aged 14 years. She was in Melbourne when it was a canvas town, and she went to Ballarat in the early gold mining days with her husband, who was a mining engineer. She remembered having ridden down Sturt street, Ballarat, with mud almost up to her horse's girth. Mrs Holden is said to have been the first white woman at Dromana. (P.20, Argus, 25-8-1934.)

AT LAST WE FIND MR HOLDEN'S GIVEN NAME!
HOLDEN.On the 30th August (passed peacefully away), at Dromana, Frances Isabell, widow of the late James Holden, aged 101 years. -At rest.(P.1, Argus, 21-8-1934.)

EARLY HISTORY. The pioneer and founder of the Methodist Church at Frankston was Mrs. Potts' father, the late Mr. John Carr. He arrived in Frankston. about 1856 or 7 and lived in the village for a time; later he started, farming. Early in 1860 he felt the necessity for a place of worship, such occasional services as were conducted, were held in the common school; so he set to work collected money, bought material and superintended the erection of a house of prayer; helping with his own labor. When finished he held services with the help of a few Christian people and a preacher named Mr Holden, who lived at Dromana. (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 19-9-1931.)

POSTSCRIPT.
You may wonder how I have such detailed knowledge of crown allotment 5, section 1, Kangerong. When I felt that more information had to be made available about the peninsula and its pioneers in August 2010 and started my research, I was concerned mainly with Rosebud. When I found that Captain Adams gave William Edwards a loan of about 200 pounds with only a 2 acre block as security and that Edwards had a hotel in 1888 that seemed to be described as being in Dromana, I started researching the Dromana hotels in ratebooks.

It wasn't easy because hotels were described as houses and then as buildings. However I worked out that the Dromana Hotel was associated with 17 acres of land and Scurfield's hotel with 5 town lots. This information, combined with nett annual values helped me to confirm the transition of owners and occupiers.Once I saw Peter Pidoto's 17 acres specified as being in crown allotment 5 , the picture was complete because I had already suspected that the other two acres of c/a 5, section 1 were Holden's and John McLear's from reading A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

I had spoken to Ray Stella about the Dromana Hotel before I started my examination of every year's assessment of the two hotels (from 1864 to 1898 for the Scurfield/Arthurs Seat and until 1919 for the Dromana) and he told me that John Coleman had died at the Dromana hotel after he had sold it and was about to move out.Ray showed me an internal brick wall, (probably an external wall in Watkin's original hotel) that was left intact when Lou Carrigg did his renovation circa 1927.

Ray was so interested in the hotel's history, I said I'd write a brief summary of what I discovered. When I gave it to him in late 2010, he said it would make a good place mat. Today (20-2-2013), I saw the laminated place mat for the first time and it looks great. It has a photo of the hotel in each corner: Watkin's, two from the Rose Series, and a present day shot. He left out "To be pedantic" at the start of "Watkin should have called it the Kangerong Hotel." but the meaning is made clear in the following sentence about the township's location.Ray has included my information about the Scurfield hotel and the racetrack (that Melbourne Brindle and his siblings were instructed to keep away from)and added his involvement from 1986 until today. As a clincher, he mentions that Prime Minister John Curtin lived at the hotel as a boy when his father managed it! My copy is going on the wall and I suspect that many customers will follow suit.

SAFETY BEACH AND THE SURVEY NEAR DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

See CONNELL, SARAH WILSON and GEORGE YOUNG journals.

As explained in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, special surveys were thought of to save the colony of South Australia. I won't delve into Wakefield but that colony was founded with the aim of attracting the better class of citizen by having a higher upset(reserve) price for land. This resulted in many people landing in Adelaide but going to the Port Phillip District (Victoria) to buy land. The Sheehans of Red Hill, near Dromana and one of the Blackwood pioneers were two documented cases of this migration.

To create a level playing field for South Australia which had a similar scheme, Special Surveys of considerable size were obtainable at a pound per acre and often displaced squatters. Big Clarke's Special Survey displaced the Jackson brothers at Sunbury and George Evans was left with only his pre-emptive right at Emu Bottom. Dendy at Brighton and Elgar near Box Hill were two other well-known special survey purchasers. The scheme was short-lived and was actually scrapped in 1841 before Hugh Jamieson took possession of Jamieson's Special Survey but Governor Gipps had not received notification.

Hugh Jamieson did not displace a squatter.Edward Hobson had moved from the Kangerong run to the Tootgarook Run before 1841. He had probably ridden along today's Bayview Rd (Hobson's Flat Road circa 1906)looking for cattle which had strayed from his Kangerong Run or spoken to the master of a lime craft forced onto a sandbar near Safety Beach (just as John Aitken had been stranded in March, 1836 when the Chile ran aground off Arthurs Seat.) However it came about, Hobson found out about lime-burning and established a kiln near Marks Avenue, just west of Boneo Rd. This gave him a dependable income, as Melbourne badly needed mortar,but better pasture may have been another reason for his move. Perhaps too he was a bit of a nomad. Not too much later he was on the move again, probably leaving James and Peter Purves to manage Tootgarook, to manage his brother's run in Gippsland, which he gave a native name related to rivers that has been corrupted to Traralgon.

Jamieson's Special Survey consisted of 5280 acres and had the same north and south boundaries as Safety Beach, with Bulldog Creek Rd being its eastern boundary. Strangely the naming of that partly closed Government road (a boundary between the parishes of Kangerong and Balnarring) has nothing to do with dogs; it most likely came from miners on the Tubbarubba diggings who were bitten by bulldog ants. Where Dunns Creek Rd now diverts south east the road used to continue to Myers Rd, on which Bittern Station was situated. The two now-closed roads formed a junction (the south east corner of Jamieson's Special Survey) towards which Junction Rd continued on from the north end of Red Hill Rd.

Jamieson did not spend much time on his survey but enough to have social contact with other early settlers such as Captain Reid (on what became Balcolme's The Briars)and the McCraes on the Arthur's Seat Run. Somebody who did live there was Mrs Newby. On 15-2-1844, Captain Reid and his wife, Hugh Jamieson and Georgiana McCrae and hubby, Andrew, visited the Survey, meeting Mrs Newby and her two daughters. Mrs Newby complained of loneliness during Captain Newby's absences at sea. On 27-7-1845,Andrew told Georgiana about the three Newby children drowning. (P. 30 A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) Was this true? Yes!

SHIPWRECKS. LOSS OF THE MARY. By the steamer Shamrock, which arrived here on Sunday, the distressing intelligence has been received of the total wreck of the barque Mary, Captain Newby, from this port to London in Bass's Straits; and we are sorry to add that no less than seventeen of her passengers have perished. The Mary left Sydney for London on the 19th of May, having on board 69 souls, including the crew, and a very valuable cargo. It was intended by the owners that she should proceed by the usual course round Cape Horn, and the Mary stood away to the southward for that purpose, but when she was off Cape Howe, the wind being at east south-east, with every appearance of a continuance from the same quarter, Captain Newby determined to attempt the westerly passage, notwithstanding the unpromising time of the year, and accordingly stood into Bass's Straits for that purpose. On the morning of the 24th May, the Mary was off Wilson's Promontory, when the wind suddenly died away, and at 10 A. M. a strong breeze sprung up from the northwest, and gradually increased to a gale with heavy rain. Thinking he had now got into a westerly wind, the captain determined to give up the westerly passage, and accordingly bore up and ran to the southward of Sir Roger Curtis' and Kent's Groups. At 6 P. M. he estimated the ship's position to be five miles south of the body of Kent's Group, fixed her course at east by north, and having been up the two previous nights, the captain went to bed, there being then a breeze from the north- west, which was sending the ship seven knots per hour. The chief mate had the watch from 8 to 12; about 11 he called the captain, saying he thought " land was handy ;" but upon the captain going upon deck, he could not see any land, and found that it was almost a calm. Broken water, however, was soon discovered off the lee beam,and a strong current was rapidly driving the ship towards it. There was no wind to make the ship answer her helm, she refused stays and drove broadside onto the rock. She first touched on the starboard bilge, then under the fore chains, and immediately parted abaft the foremast, the bows slipping off the rock into deep water; she then struck abaft, unshipped her rudder, and the topsides floated off the bottom,over the reef into smooth water. In seven minutes from the time she struck, the ship was in pieces. The most melancholy part remains to be told. Seventeen women and children were drowned and what is most extraordinary is, that not a mast was lost. Those drowned were-three of Captain Newby's daughters; six children of Mrs. Evans; Augusta and Catherine, daughters of Captain Collins, of Illawarra ; Mrs Heather, and two children, Mrs. Grey, Mrs. Turnbull, and Sarah Foulkes, servant to Mrs. Collins. How the remainder were saved we cannot understand. Captain Newby only remarks," we were saved in the long boat in the most wonderful manner." The above parties were lost in consequence of the upsetting of the whale boat, into which they had been lowered, but it has not been ascertained how this accident occurred. The reef upon which the Mary was lost lies to the north east of a rock described in the Australian Directory as Wright's rock, about three and a half miles, and is known to the sealers who visit Furneaux's Island as the north east or deep reef. etc.
(P.3, Mornington Chronicle, Sydney, 25-6-1845.)

THE OCCUPANTS AND THE SCHOOL.
1846. Henry Dunn occupied the Survey for about five years, and according to Leslie Moorhead (possibly in the Osborne State School history)Hearn's grants at Mt Martha, the two properties being jointly known as the Mt Martha Sheep Station.Henry later received grants for "Four Winds" (south corner of White's Hill and McIlroys Rd at Red Hill and crown allotments 14, 15, 10 and 9 in the parish of Moorooduc, on the south side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd between Dunns Rd and Balcombe Creek and extending halfway to Bentons rd.

1851. After Dunn's lease ended, agents were appointed and many families which were to make their mark around Dromana settled on the Survey. Worried about their run being gobbled up by the proposed Dromana Township, the McCraes had sold their lease to the Burrells. Most of the parish of Kangerong was still probably part of the run, which is why the first settlers were on the Survey.Watson Eaton and the Griffith family from America farmed together. The McLears, Pattersons (possibly later of Fingal, and the Survey again), Clydesdales, Gibsons,Henry Wilson (later changing from bullocky to butcher),the Connells (prominent in the parish of Moorooduc,Mornington and Red Hill) and Peateys were other tenants who come to mind.Another was William Cottier who was supposed to have established the Rye Hotel in Dromana in 1859 and transferred the licence to Tootgarook (about a mile east of White Cliff) leading to that township being renamed Rye.

Most of the children of these families attended a school not far south of the Wallaces Rd corner, which is discussed in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, (as well the tenants mentioned, in great detail!)


WHO HAD WHAT.(Rate Records.)
By the time of the first Kangerong Road Board assessment,many of the early Survey tenants had moved on. Mary Ann McLear (Graves' partner in the hawking business) had left The Willow and bought Maryfield across the road. Hawker, Charles Graves had opened a store at Shoreham and soon acquired over 300 acres in the parish of Flinders. Sarah Wilson, her sons and son-in-law (Young, Johnson>Johnstone) had moved to the west side of Shoreham Rd near Shands Rd,and the Connells had established Nag Hill between Old Moorooduc and Balnarring Rds. Peter Watson could have arrived after the 1865 assessment; his children were delivered by Susan Peatey on the survey in 1867 and 1869. In 1895 he was granted 171 acres just south of Arthurs Seat Rd between Purves and Main Creek Rds. William Marshall (detailed above) may have been the groom who tried to prevent the murder of John McLear outside Bundoora's Plough Inn and may have accompanied Mary Ann to Kangerong and may have been a grantee in the Red Hill Village Settlement in the 1890's.

3-9-1864.W.J.T.(Big) Clarke 2760 acres (i.e. untenanted); Joseph Clark N.A.V. 2 pounds; Charles Dyson, house and garden, N.A.V. 6 pounds; Watson Eaton, 100 acres, 20 cultivated,large house and garden; Abraham Griffiths (sic) no details,N.AV. 35 pounds;Henry ?, house and 20 acres; Walter Gibson hut and 36 acres; John Gibson hut and 80 acres 20 cultivated; William Marshall 2 roomed hut and 70 cres; James Mitchell hut; Charles Ray house and 1000 acres, fenced; Louis Edward (sic) Tassell house and 1000 acres (leased from Big Clarke who had not yet sold the Brokil Estate to Bruce); Henry Wilson hut.

1865.Charles Dyson had a 2 roomed house and 59 acres but my notes do not specify the Survey.Watson Eaton 210 acres and 4 roomed house; Abraham Griffiths- no details; Thomas Farnby 14 acres, 1 roomed house (survey not specified); Walter Gibson 249 acres and 2 roomed house; William Marshall 60 acres, 2 roomed house;Charles Ray 1000 acres and 2 roomed house; Edwin Louis Tassell 1000 acres and 2 roomed house.

1879. W.J.Clarke (Big Clarke's son) 2128 acres; George Elliman 10 acres; Rebecca Griffiths(sic)947 acres; Jonah(Dohn)Griffiths (sic)50 acres; Walter Gibson 525 acres; Charles Ray 400 acres.

1900. Despite properties in the parish of Wannaeue being fairly well described the rate collector had no idea where properties in the parish of Kangerong were. Some of the following property would have been on the survey, and although I could determine how much was,I can't spare the weeks it would take.
Alf Downward 1100 acres; John Calvin Griffith 1650 acres. Sir William Clarke (or Rupert Clarke)does not seem to have been assessed on at least 1200 acres;no wonder the Shire was soon nearly broke!

1910.James Connell farmer Mornington 238 acres, lots3-6 Bruce's; James Connell farmer Tuerong 230 acres 1, 2 Bruce's;Patrick Callaghan, Melbourne Agent, 242 acres Clarke's,12 acres 21 and 22 Bruce's, 152 acres 25 and 54 of Clarke's, 30 acres part 24 Clarke's,243 acres lot 55 Clarke's (and possibly another 593 acres with lot numbers but no mention of Clarke or Bruce); Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 Clarke's, 120 acres Clarke's,508 acres lots 16, 17 Clarke's; John Calvin Griffith 205 acres lot 9 Clarke's; Walter Gibson 528 acres lots 1, 3-8 Clarke's, 400 acres 4, 9, 9A, 10 Clarke's, 130 acres 10 of Clarke's; O.A.Kefford, inspector,126 acres,lot 20 Clarke's; R.B. and S.F.Morrow 325 acres 21 and part 24 Clarke's;Ralph Godfrey Patterson 287 acres lots 18,19 Clarke's; Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck 130 acres lot 11 Clarke's; John E.Thompson 406 acres 13, part 14 Clarke's; Godfrey Burdett Wilson 255 acres 22,23 Clarke's.

Notice how the shire's possible bankruptcy could be avoided by rating both Griffith and Gibson on lot 9 and rating Gibson twice on his bull paddock ,lot 10! Don't let this happen to you!!

1920. Alf Downward 270 acres lot 12 special survey (henceforth s.s.);Herb Downward 509 acres 16,17 s.s.; William John McNabb replacing Patrick Fleming but both crossed out, 52acres lot 2 s.s.; William Gibson 659 acres lots 1, 3-8, 10 s.s.; Bertram John Davey 446 acres lot 13,part 14 s.s.; Owen E. Kefford 125 acres lot 20 s.s.; Jennings Brothers, Rye (crossed out) 280 acres lots18,19 s.s.; Perpetual Executors and Agency Co (Dutton owner) 318 acres lot 21, 24 s.s.;Cyril Smith, Mornington 468 acres lots 1, 2, 3, 6 s.s.; Mrs Maria Wilson (the former servant at Bruce's house and Godfrey's widow)254 acres lots 22, 23 s.s.;Ben Wilson (named after Ben Stenniken of course)150 acres lot 5 s.s.; Henry Burdett Coutts Wilson,Sorrento,100 acres part 5 s.s.;
Sam Wilson (named after Sam Sherlock, brother of the wife of Ben Stenniken) 180 acres part 5 s.s.

I thought I'd check how many acres were in lot 5, which was split among Ben, Henry and Sam Wilson.Guess what, lot 5 consisted of 32 acres! They were probably actually sharing lot 15, bounded by Foxeys Rd, Bulldog Creek Rd, Wallaces Rd and Bulldog Creek and consisting of 354 acres but the figures still don't add up as they total 430 acres. Perhaps the extra 76 acres were in lot 14.



BRUCE AND TASSELL; THE BROKIL ESTATE.
Colin McLear states that the northern (roughly) 1000 acres (north of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway)was a wedding gift to his son in law and also that the recipient was of the Bruce family that produced the Australian Prime Minister. The owner of the Brokil Estate was John Vans Agnew Bruce, who was a partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built much of the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway near Keilor Road Station (Sydenham) and Sunbury in 1858. If Bruce decided the course of the railway (past the Jacksons' old homestead block where Rupertswood was later built and through Clarkefield) one might understand Big Clarke making a present of his daughter and the 1000 acres.No relationship has been proven but given Bruce's earning capacity and a shared connection with Essendon (where big Clarke died and John Bruce lived,it is possible.) Try as I may,I can find absolutely no link between the prime minister's family and John vans Agnew Bruce.
The Lease. (From my Tassell journal.)I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12.
"MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the late E.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

THE SERVANT FROM RYE.
Henry William Wilson was a bullocky renting a hut on the Survey when he first came to the peninsula. Colin McLear said his hut was on Walter Gibson's No. 10 paddock of 125 acres. The subdivision plan of Clarke's Estate shows that lot 10 was actually 134 acres and 20 perches. It fronted the south side of Wallace's Rd and the Point Nepean Road and is indicated by Melway 160 J-K 3-4 and 161 A 3-4. According to the Female Drover, this farm was later owned by a Mr Harding.

Colin also said that Ben Stenniken was leasing land on the Survey.It was on a triangular block bounded by Nepean Highway,Moorooduc Road and the higher reaches of Tassell's Creek. This triangular block would have been north of McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 C12) and the northern boundary would have been a line joining Bruce and Foxey's Rds, the northern boundary of the survey and the parish of Kangerong. According to the Female Drover, this farm was later owned by a Mr Harding.

Ben's farm was part of Bruce's Brokil Estate, north of the line of Martha Cove Waterway. Bruce's fortune came from his involvement in the Cornish and Bruce contracting firm which built a large part of the Mount Alexander (Castlemaine) and Murray River Railway in the late 1850's. I believe I have written quite a bit about him in my ASCOT VALE HERITAGE WALK journal including claims that he was Big Clarke's son-in-law and that he was of the same family as the Prime Minister.

Even further away from Rye was land in the parish of Frankston on the west side of Moorooduc Rd just north of Eramosa Rd. Alexander McLellan mentioned in 1905 that the Stennikens had owned a 401 acre property at Mt Eliza for 40 years. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 28-1-1905.)

No evidence can be found that Henry William Wilson and Ben Stenniken were on the Survey at the same time but even if they weren't, Ben would have had every chance to meet up with the bullocky in 1865 as he rode between Rye and his 401 acre property at Mt Eliza. In 1865, Henry Wilson's son,Godfrey, would have been about 15 years old. Ben Stenniken's daughter, Maria, would have been 10 years old.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) By this age Godfrey had probably overcome his fear of girl germs and as any woman will confirm,Maria would have been at the same stage of emotional maturity. They married thirteen years later.N.B. John Watt of Sorrento met his future bride (little Miss Skelton) when she was only six so this suggested first meeting in 1865 is not as fanciful as it might seem!

By the 1860's, wealthy men were building seaside retreats to escape the heat and dust of Melbourne during the summer. John Thomas Smith built Nyora at Mt Eliza,there were several early holiday retreats along the Esplanade near Mornington and Duffy was soon to subdivide his grants in the parish of Nepean. The Gentlemen would bring their families down for the whole "season", which started after the social whirl of the Spring Carnival and lasted for months; the father would return to Melbourne when business matters required it. I'm sure that John Agnews Bruce did not stay in Edwin Louis Tassell's homestead near the north bank of Brokil (Tassells) Creek; he probably built a large home, on higher ground with a view, just south of his northern boundary, Ellerina Rd. The family did not "rough it" but expected the same privileged lifestyle they were used to in Melbourne and that included servants.

Maria Stenniken would work as a servant for the Bruce family during the season. She may have slept at the Bruce home or walked along the Sea Lane, after the family had dismissed her for the night, back to the triangular block mentioned earlier. It is likely that there would have been a dwelling on the block and that one of Maria's brothers stayed there with her. Maria's servant days could have started in about 1865 and lasted till 1878 when she married Godfrey Burdett Wilson.

Godfrey and Maria would have lived at Beauvoir (still standing at 8 McCulloch St, Dromana) which Godfrey had built in the 1880's. It was named after the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in London which Godfrey's father had run before they came to Australia. Godfrey died in 1919 and his widow, Maria, lived in Burdett Cottage in Heales St until her death in 1927, after which the cottage was moved onto the highway corner frontage of Karadoc to housethe bush nursing hospital. (Henry William Wilson had married Thamer Burdett, hence Godfrey's second given name and the name of the cottage.)

Stenniken is mainly mentioned in Rye and Port Melbourne histories, with grants south west of Rye Township and the north west corner of Truemans Rd at Tootgarook but the family had a strong connection with Dromana with the town being mentioned in the death notices of a Mrs and Miss Stenniken,the former living next to the Church of England (which was built with Stenniken lime!)


THE CLARKE ESTATE.
Land Sale at Mornington There was a good attendance at the sub-divisional sale of 4,350 acres of agricultural and grazing land situated near Dromana, held at the Mornington Mechanics' on Wednesday afternoon. The sale was conducted by Mr. Keast, M.L.A., who acted in conjunction with John Buchan and Co., and J. W. Hazeldine, on behalf of the Executrix and Executor of the Estate of the late Sir W. J. Clarke.

The land was offered in suitable blocks for closer settlement, but evidently it was considered to be unfit for that purpose by Melbourne buyers, as they were conspicuous by their absence. With the exception of a Melbourne speculator, Mr P. Callaghan, who secured 1,594 acres, mostly at low rates, the rest of the estate was purchased by local residents, of whom Messrs. Gibson (710 acres), and Downward 778 acres, were the largest purchasers. The highest price paid was 8 7s 6d per acre for 10 acres near Dromana township, the buyer being Mr.Rudduck.

The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong failed to secure the 20 acres, containing a quarry reserve. There was loud applause, when Mr. H. Griffiths' bid secured the homestead block, containing 205 acres, at 5 per acre, and the action of a Dromana man in bidding against Mr. Griffiths, and running him from 3 to 5, was regarded as a most unneighbourly thing to do. The land was sold at a price, which considering the price of land in other parts of Victoria, must be regarded as very cheap, 4,076 acres were sold at an average price of 2 4s per acre.

Mr. Keast did not waste much time over the lots, and succeeded in disposing of the Estate, with the exception of a number of frontage blocks, in under an hour. Mr. William Hewitt was present on behalf of Sir Rupert Clarke, who had sailed to England the previous day. The sales effected were as follows:
No. BLOCK Acre Rd Per Buyer Price per acre
1. 56 .1.10 W. Gibson: 3. 2. 52.0.17 P. Callagham 1 15 3. 25.o. 30 W. Gibson: .5
4. 25. 1. 3 W. Gibson 4 5. 32.0.6 W. Gibson 4 5s 6. 129. 3. 11 W. Gibson .3
7. 129.3.30 W. Gibson 2/10 8. 121.4. 34 W. Gibson 3 9. 205.1.12 H. Griffiths .5
10.134.0.20 W.Gibson 3/17/6 11. 130.1.18 N. Rudduck 2/15 12. 270. 2. 11A. Downward L1/12/6
13.307.1. 5 P.Callaghan 1 13A. 20 Qu'ry Site P. Callaghan 3 14. 532.1.0 P. Callaghan 1
15.354.2.0 P.Callaghan 1 16. 260.0.37 H Downward 1 5 17. 249. 1. 0 H. Downward 1/5/0
18.143.2.18 G.Patterson 2/10 19.143.0.23 G. Patterson 2 10 20. 125.3.0 W. Kefford 2/5/0
21.121.0.6 P.Callaghan L2/15/0 22. 127.2.37 G. B. Wilson 3 10 23. 127. 0.19 G. B. Wilson 4
24 226.3.6 P. Callaghan 3 53. 5 N.Rudduck 8/7/6 54. 5 N. Rudduck 8/7/6

For block 55, containing 242 acres, 1 was offered by Mr. H. P. Davey, but was passed in for private sale, as were 26 blocks, containing 5 acres each, with a frontage to Port Phillip Bay. For these blocks 5 , was offered, the reserve being 6. A cottage. belonging to Mrs. McNabb, of Dromana, was also offered, but failed to elicit a bid. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-4-1907.)
NOTES ON THE ABOVE.
Griffiths should be Griffith; the family's name was often wrongly given a "s" on the end.
The quarry site was 325 metres west of where Dunns Creek Rd turns to the south with a road frontage of another 284 metres to the west. Needless to say, it was on the north side of the road. The Clarke Estate was south of the line of the Martha Cove Waterway and was bisected by Pickings and Wallaces Rds.

MR JAGGER AND BILLY.
Billy wasn't a person. When Mr Jagger,who lived and milked a few cows on a small Survey block of about 5 acres delivered Dromana's milk,he put it into each customer's billy.

EXCERPT FROM MY "THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC".
MILK FOR DROMANA.
In the early 1930s much of Dromanas milk was delivered by a Mr Jagger, who had a few acres in Safety Beach, probably near Link Drive. Jagger milked a few cows himself but the bulk of his milk came from the Bournes. He would pick up their milk churns from their front gate and commence his round from there.
Between about 1935 and 1940, Mr Fenton took over the round. He had about 50 acres thought to be in the vicinity of Callas St. This was most likely James Boags old dairy by Palmerstone Ave opposite the head of Seacombe St which became the Turner Estate. (A Dreamtime of Dromana.) Once again the Bournes were his only supplier. The Fentons called their house Melrose.
Roy and Pearl Drew took over the 50 acres and the milk round in about 1940, relying on milk from the Bourne farm until the end of the war. Roy and Pearl must have had some energy left at bedtime because they had 17 children! It is likely that the Turner Estate was subdivided soon afterwards to accommodate the many young men returning from the war and making up for lost time by starting families.
Bill and Emily Bourne switched to cream production in 1945. They sold it to Mr Roberts who collected the cream cans from the front gate and took it to Moorooduc Station to be transported to Melbourne.



MR BEAN AND THE RACING CARS.
DROMANAS MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.) Herbert sold land to Mrs Guilfoyle and their dispute is reported on page 11 of the Argus of 21-7-1926. Herbert was a merchant of Flinders Lane. It would appear that the Lochley Chase Guest House would have occupied only a small portion of Beans original property.

Now we will look at an article on page 13 in The Argus of 27-11-1928, about nine years after the last assessment available on microfiche.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.

Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.


THE GOLF CLUB.
Dromana's first golf course is shown on Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana.
Apart from a few tournaments in 1913, the words golf and Dromana were not paired again until 1928.
A. 27-11-1928, page 13. An area was to be set aside for a golf course at Safety Beach. This article will be reproduced verbatim under the heading of SAFETY BEACH (after Dromamas Mr Bean.) A. 8-10-1929, page 13. The tower on the mountain is being repaired and a nine hole golf course is being laid out. Little did those concerned realize that the concrete tower (which the new lift company wants to demolish) was to replace the old lighthouse a little more than half a decade later. The golf course would not have been connected with the local club. It was probably another initiative of Spencer Jackson, who wrote a history of Dromana two years earlier and organized a road to the tower in this year (as the plaque he presented testifies.) While Spencer did many things to advance the town, his deeds usually also assisted sales of land in his Foreshore and Panoramic Estates. The course might have also been a project undertaken by Lawson who built The Garden of the Moon. This might be an appropriate time to mention Frank Alfred Gaylor and the hotel on Arthurs Seat. The notice of his application for a licence for the Hollywood Inn appeared on page14 of The Argus of 22-11-1937 and listed conditions.
A.5-9-1930, page 10. Nearly 70 acres have been set aside at Safety Beach for a golf course. Design is left to Mr A. Russell. It will open about the middle of December. It is possible that Mr Russell was an Essendon resident, the son of the grantee of 166 acres on the east side of Collins Rd that became part of Walter Gibsons Glenholme and the custodian of the Essendon (Moonee Ponds) Town Hall pictured on page 5 of The Argus of 9-1-1932. He had probably learned his golf on the McCrackens Mar Lodge Estate at Essendon on the west side of McCracken St. A.22-12-1930, page 3. New Links at Dromana. Dromana Country Golf Clubs course at the foot of Mt Martha is in a rough state. There are nine holes and all command beautiful views of Port Phillip Bay, Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat. A. 21-12-1933. The President, Dr A.McDonald said that the club had been through lean times and hoped that residents would support an undertaking which was a great asset to the town. A. 24-9-1937, page 25. Applications are invited for occupancy of Dromana course, including residence*, equipment, mowers etc. retention of green fees. Apply Southern Developments Pty Ltd or Secretary Dromana Golf Club, Shire Hall, Dromana. (*Mr Beans house?) A. 1-6-1938, page 6. The Southern Development Co., which has 200 acres at Safety Beach, has sunk a bore (details about depths and flow.) Provision has been made for the golf course to be extended to 18 holes. A. 26-11-1938, page 6. Annual Meeting. Pres.-Mr L.E.Barnes; Sec.- Mr J.Holland. Mr Barnes might have been from Rosebud as Peter Wilson mentions that a member of the Barnes Honey family had a holiday home there. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres at Red Hill near the Kindilan Society site in 1919-20.

WHERE WAS THE SAFETY BEACH GOLF COURSE THAT OPENED IN 1930?
Admittedly, the following evidence is far from first-hand. I had obtained the land plan for Clarkes Dromana Estate and knew that the course had been on the land of R.A.C.V. President, Mr Bean, but this did not help me to pinpoint the location of the course. In desperation I paid a visit to the present golf club at Safety Beach. I thought I had struck gold when one of the chaps started telling me in great detail about the original course. Then the penny dropped. Is this the circa 1930 course? I asked. Everyone was stunned and then I heard, Les knows! This was Les Belot. Les had never played on the course but we did have an enjoyable chat about the horse on the green at Jack Warnocks private course on the present Village Glen at Rosebud West.
This is the chain of evidence. Les has a mate, a member of the pioneering Red Hill Prossor family, who was clearing land with the help of a friend. This friends father had been a plumber and had worked at the club house of the golf course. It is possible that this fibro building, 67 Seaview Ave, had been Mr Beans holiday house and later Locksley Chase Guest House after World War 2. I inspected the house briefly and was able to observe that it had a huge lounge room, capable of being used for a meeting of over a hundred people or a dance. Through the same chain of information, Les learned that the course occupied the land which became, in about 1990, A.V.Jennings Horizon Estate. This was bounded by Victoria (possibly Patterson) St, Rhymer, Tonkins St and Seaview Ave. Many golf balls were discovered when the subdivision was being cleared.
It is of interest that the last mention of the club was the annual meeting at the end of 1938, Dr A.McDonald was the President in 1933, hoping that residents would support the club, J. McDonald and sons built the St Georges Course at Rye (Argus 7-6-1938 page12), a report of a tournament at Rye (Argus 27-6-1939 page 15) refers to R. Munro of Dromana winning an event there and G.W.Brown (the shire engineer according to A Dreamtime of Dromana p.171) winning an 18 hole competition at the Dromana Branch. Also that Roy W. McDonald, Dromana Real Estate Agent was advertising land at Safety Beach in 1950. The McDonalds course at Rye, bounded by Dundas St and Golf Pde was being sold by Bill Prentice in 1952 (Argus 10-4-1952 p.2) and Ossie Pickworths rival, Colin Campbell, used the opportunity to establish the Rye Public Links where we now see Hogan Dr., Thompson Tce, Sarazen St, Bacchli St etc. Did the McDonalds move their operation to Safety Beach. The Carriggs had included easy access golf in their 1939 advertisements; perhaps the McDonalds had taken up the offer of 1937 to lease the obviously under-patronised course and made it a branch of their Rye operation. After 1939, the hotel no longer advertised golf and searches have found no further mention of golf at Dromana or Rye but it is certain that the Rye course was still being used.
It is possible that the Rye and Safety Beach courses operated until about 1950 and their closure caused the formation of Rosebud Park in 1951. It is possible also that the guest house, about which no advertisement has been found, ran the course as a private facility.


PICKINGS FOR THE PHEASANTS AT THE FAUNA PARK.
EXPORT OF NATIVE GAME. COUNCILLOR ADVOCATES AMENDMENT OF LAW. ENTERPRISE TIED UP WITH RED TAPE. Cr. J. Unthank told last meeting of the. Shire Council that he had been much impressed when he paid a visit to Mr. D. Picking's fauna park at Dromana. Cr. Unthank said Mr. Picking told him that the law forbidding the export of native game prevented him from disposing of a lot of stock. If he was not so tied down with red tape he could have one of the finest zoological gardens in Australia. Cr. Unthank said he saw about 200 pheasants on Mr. Picking's farm coming to the homestead to be fed. There were peacocks, emus, kangaroos, wallabies and other game moving about the farm. He (Cr. Unthank) advocated an amendment of the game laws to permit the export of a limited number of specimens of native game. (P.1,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 14-4-1934.)


STREET NAMES.
Wallaces Rd
was known to oldtimers as Patterson's Lane. Godfrey Patterson bought lots 18 and 19 fronting the highway to McKenzie's Junction (Melway 151 B11)and Wallaces Rd to its first bend (160 B3.)The Jennings Bros.of Rye had a dairy on the east corner of Rosebud Pde in Rosebud (outside which is a statue and historical plaque) and the 1919 rates show that they had been occupying lots 18 and 19.

Bruce Rd
See BRUCE, TASSELL AND THE BROKIL ESTATE above. Ellerina Rd was known to the female drover, Shirley Bourne, and the Jacksons of "Dalkeith" as THE SEA LANE. It is the boundary between the parishes of Moorooduc and Kangerong.

Pickings Rd. Refer to the article about the Fauna Park.

MAKING FRIENDS!
Miss Shirley Ann Richards, the Australian film star, with a flying phalanger yesterday when she visited the Picking Fauna Park,Dromana. (Caption for photo,P.3, Argus,27-10-1937.)

The Pickings seem to have been on the Survey from about 1923 until at least the 1950's. The Pickings boys must have had artistic talent to rival that of another Dromana lad,Melbourne Brindle. They obviously got their talent from their father, Doug.

DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST
Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 30 March 1944 p 2 Article
... DROMANA YOUTHFUL ARTIST Bruce Picking, young son and Mrs. Douglan Picking, Dromana, has commenced study National Art Gallery. A future is predicted for this sma lad. ... 27 words

Douglas Picking must have used at least part of his property for normal farming practices, one of which was breeding sheep.

HIGH PRICE FOR RAM. Cr. David Boyd, of Berwick, who has one of the leading flocks of Rye- land sheep in the State, has, for the purpose of improving his flock, purchased from Mr. Douglas Picking, of Dromana, the stud Ryeland ram, Picking's R1880. The price paid was 30 guineas which, at the present time, is an exceptionally high price for a ram.

Coutts St
I believe that Thamer Burdett was distantly related to Countess Burdett-Coutts and that the use of Coutts as a given name was an example of name-dropping, as in the case of Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud who used Vivian as a given name for his offspring and Vivyan for his vineyard (leading his descendants to wrongly believe that he was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian.) She married Henry William Wilson and two of their children, Godfrey and Thamer,were given Burdett as second given names.Godfrey's eldest son was called Henry William Burdett Coutts Wilson. Not long before leaving Dromana to manage the family's butcher shop, H.W.B.C's young son was saved by what was probably the first use of mouth to mouth resuscitation on the Mornington Peninsula.
(See the entry for Stan Evans in my MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

In 1919, the Wilsons had 684 acres of the survey,William Gibson 659 acres, Alf Downward 270 acres, Herb Downward 509 acres, and the Pattersons 280 acres (lots18,19) on which the Jennings brothers had recently finished a lease. According to Colin McLear,the Wilsons later bought much land from the Gibsons,Downwards, and Pattersons. One of the Wilson lads was involved with selling subdivided land on the survey. Coutts St was most likely named after H.W.B.C.Wilson.

Evans St. Stan Evans was a toddler when H.W.B.C.Wilson's young son almost drowned in 1904. The two boys were at a waterhole near a new abbatoir Henry was helping the carpenter,an early Dromana pioneer, to build when the Wilson lad got into difficulties.Unable to rescue him, little Stan ran to the men to alert them. Henry dragged his son out. As he was not breathing, the carpenter successfully performed mouth to mouth. Stan was involved in a humorous incident regarding sausages and a horse as a lad and was a longtime employee of the Wilsons as a butcher, resulting in a serious injury decades later. The Wilsons obviously subdivided this area. The street could have been named after the sporty Bill Evans but I think Stan was most likely the person being honoured.
(See newspaper articles in the Stan Evans entry in the MELBOURNE BRINDLE journal.)

Rymer St
Mary Ann McLear was widowed near the end of 1849 on the Plenty River when her husband was thumped on the head with a length of timber by a friend of a man who refused to pay up on a bet at a race meeting. Probably accompanied by her late husband's groom, she settled on the survey in 1851. She commenced farming at The Willow (Melway 160 E4,east of freeway)and became a partner in Charle Graves' hawking business.On 10-5-1859, Graves bought crown allotment 13, section 2 Kangerong (across the road from the Drive-In)and had a three rail fence erected by Thomas and Charles Rymer. Graves sold it on 31-1-1860 to Mary Ann, who called it Maryfield,
and moved to Shoreham where he was a shopkeeper and farmed on 374 acres.

The Rymers "also worked for George McLear at times. In 1867,they were fencing Arthurs Seat Park. Thomas Rymer drew timber from Arthurs Seat for the building of the Dromana jetty in 1874." (All from A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Thomas didn't take long to get this lucrative contract after the "Maryfield" job. He and Tim Sullivan would have been rolling in clover if they'd shared in the contract to fence the police paddock from White Cliff to the back beach which the Government proposed in 1859. (See Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.)

stockyard at police paddock,Point Nepean-fencing, 1s.11s. 3 3/4d per rod; eight gates at 3.15s. each, 102. 0 s.4 1/2d., Thomas Rymer ; digging waterhole and fencing at police paddock, Point Nepean-waterhole, Is. per yard ; fencing, 6s. 6d. per rod, 85,T.Sullivan(Announcements in the Government Gazette, P.5, Argus, 28-8-1861.)

The Rymers may have moved to Frankston or Hastings, but it is possible that Charles Rymer moved to Geelong. Mrs Rymer made a donation to the Frankston Hospital in 1944.(P.1, Standard, Frankston 26-10-1944, FRANKSTON COMMUNITY HOSPITAL.) Laurie Rymer was one of the Hastings Football Club players to make in in the big time.
Laurie Rymer
Name Laurence Rymer Born 1934-07-05 Height187 cm Weight 92 kg V/AFL Clubs Collingwood
V/AFL Games 25 V/AFL Career 1955-57 V/AFL Goals 10 Brownlow Votes 0 (AUSTRALIANFOOTBALL.COM)

RYMER.-Mr. Chas. Rymer wishes to THANK all kind friends for their expressions and tokens of sympathy during the illness of his dearly loved wife,(Doris), who passed away at Geelong on August 7, 1944. A long and patient sufferer at rest. (P.4,Standard, Frankston,17-8-1944.)P.S. Chas was Isaac Charles Rymer.

Walter St
Walter St is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate. As you can see above,lot 4 was purchased by Walter Gibson of "Glenholm" (which became the Monarco Estate and the Collins Rd Industrial Estate.)

Higgins St
Assuming this is the correct spelling, it is named after Judge Higgins (Chief Justice)of Heronswood whose "Harvester Judgement led to the basic wage for workers.Judge Higgins died in 1929 and lot 4 was probably subdivided for housing at about that time. George Higgens of Queen St Melbourne and Red Hill was a land agent who became a Flinders Shire councillor for the central riding which included the Survey. The intersection of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Rds was known as Higgens Corner.George's surname was almost always given as Higgins, even in the newspaper articles and index in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. George may have been involved in the subdivision.

Tassell Rd
Edwin Louis Tassell leased the Brokil Estate from 1860 (according to Colin McLear)until his death. This was the northern 1000 or so acres of Jamieson's Special Survey, between Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Hangout Rds and the Martha Cove Waterway. The waterway is fed by the Brokil Creek which was named by an early surveyor and gave the estate itsname. locals, however, dubbed it Tassell's Creek for over a century and I have asked the council to put Tassells Creek signs at each end of the underpass. "Tassel" Rd was obviously sourced from rate records where Edwin was written as Edward etc. See my TASSELL journal.

Osborne St
The Osborne contribution to Dromana's sporting life as players and officials was tremendous. George Osborne served as a delegate to the League and the award to the best and fairest in the Nepean Football League is called the George Osborne Medal.

Shand St

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