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WAS CHARLES DANIEL OF "NARBONNE", SHIRE OF BULLA, AT RED HILL TOO? (VIC., AUST.)

Charles Daniel of "Narbonne" in Oakland Rd (Melway 177 K 4) and his descendants are described in detail in I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla", D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oakland Hunt" and "The Daniel Family". One of the Madden girls from the Inverness Hotel at Oaklands Junction married one of his sons and two of his descendants were Shire Secretaries of Bulla Shire.

Charles Daniel was leasing 60 acres from B.Ringrose (18B Kangerong, roughly Melway 190 K 1) in 1879. Was this the Frenchman from "Narbonne" or a son of his? It would seem ridiculous to have farms so far apart but there have been so many historical connections between the area near Tullamarine and the Mornington Peninsula that it is reasonable to pose the question. The Orrs of Kia Ora (Melway 5 J5) and Tommy Loft of Dalkeith (Melway 15 H2) both farmed (1917, 1920) the same 323 acres that is now the residential area of the St Andrews Golf Course (crown allotments 28 and 29, section A, Wannaeue) at Melway 252 C7.
Percy Hurren, who was the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner, Moorooduc (Melway 146 K6)in 1950 became the last farmer on Dalkeith in 1951.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

DAVID MAIRS OF THE PARISHES OF BLACKWOOD AND BITTERN, VIC., AUST.

David Mairs was granted a total of 1745 acres in the parish of Bittern east of Coolart Rd and between Disney St and the mouth of Bittern Creek. Full details of each allotment can be supplied if requested. There were allotments fronting both sides of Sandy Point Rd, South Beach Rd and a now closed road that can be traced by extending Pearce Rd (Melway 194 B1) to Somers Rd.

By googling David Mairs Bittern, you will find "David MairsP100230169 etc" which gives excellent genealogical detail about his ancestors and his wife's as well as all the children, emigration information and so on. This journal was prompted by information in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL about the formation of a rifle club in Red Hill in 1900. David Mairs and a Huntly (sic, Huntley) were involved. I knew David Mairs had been granted much land near the eastern side of the peninsula from my work on THE FEMALE DROVER and thought it strange that he was involved at Red Hill. As David died in 1902 and had apparently been suffering from paralysis, it must have been his son David Taylor Mairs who was involved. The latter married Louise Huntley in 1902 and they lived on a property called "Campsie" (now Somers.) Now the really strange thing is that Palmer's Point had been suggested for their rifle range. It was probably near Melway 193 A12 where J.Palmer had been granted 420 acres bounded by Merricks Beach Rd and Merricks Ck.(crown allotments 36,37,38 Balnarring.) Note Palmers Hill Rd.

It is likely that Louise Huntley had been on 105 acres (191 E4)whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill. I have just spent half an hour looking for a reference that I clearly remember regarding one detail. The names of the Misses Huntley were given and two of them started with L, one being Lara. The website mentioned above states that one of Louise's sisters was Lora. I believe that D.T.Mairs had suggested Palmer's Point (on the other side of the Coolart Pre-emptive Right from crown allotment 137, which was obviously part of Campsie), for a range and that Louise's brothers (Herbert John and Percy William) had supported his idea.

David Mairs married Sarah Taylor on 10-1-1857 at the age of 35 while farming at North Blackwood. Not far from that location is Ballan where David Taylor Mairs' birth was registered in 1867. While still near Ballan in 1861-2, David had bought a total of 74 acres and 22 perches at Melway 16 C 8-9, being crown allotments 31, 33, 34, 35 and 36 of section 16 in the parish of Doutta Galla. A bit far from his other land it seems! But no! He most likely wanted a holding paddock so his stock could regain condition before going to market in Melbourne. Niel Black from the Western district (Melway 5 H7), John Aitken of Mt Aitken near Sunbury (27 J4) and the Fairbairns of Ballan and Mt Martha(28 C9) had bought land in the locations indicated for that very purpose.

David's Doutta Galla land was bounded on the north by English St, on the west by Treadwell Rd (Nomad Rd) and on the east by Bulla Rd (Wirraway Ave), lots 33-36 extending 510 metres south along the boundary with Henry Stevenson's "Niddrie" from the English St corner. Lot 31 had an additional 200 metre frontage to the south east along Bulla Rd.

David seems to have moved to Balnarring by 1871 and a journal I wrote about the Crightons/Parkers of Keilor mentions that one of these families was leasing the Doutta Galla land from him. He was in Bittern by 1871 as a notice regarding the birth of one of his daughters shows. This brings us to trove.
By 1875, David Mairs had become President of the Shire of Kangerong and Flinders, was a Justice of the Peace sitting on the bench at the Dromana Court. He was also a trustee of the Balnarring and Bittern (Emu Plains) racecourse.

It seemed strange to me that a street or road in the area had not been named after this pioneering family. But there might have been one. Contracts for work on Mair's Road were awarded to locals with such well-known names as Vansuylen, Sawyers and Johnson. The position of the apostrophe suggests that this road was named after Robert Mair of Tyabb but being in the Shire of Flinders, it would have been in Bittern, not Tyabb. Perhaps Mairs' Road was the closed road leading from Disney St to Somers Rd, of which only a small part remains at the north end, named Pearce Rd.

Mr and Mrs W.Mairs lived at "Konda", Bittern according to a notice of the birth of a daughter.
A severe fire in 1893 caused much damage at Ham's "Western Park" and destroyed improved pasture on David Mairs' property.

This is a small selection of the information about David Mairs and his descendants available on trove.

By Googling, MAIRS, HUNTLEY, I came up with the birth dates and places of David and Sarah Mairs' children.Note that the places were where the births, were registered , not the place of residence. Tyabb means Old Tyabb Township, which being a declared township was entitled to a post office and the postmaster would have acted as a registrar of births and deaths. Details re death and parents are also available.

The children of David Mairs and Sarah (nee Taylor) were:
Thomas b.19-3-1858 Ballan; Sarah Jane b.17-7-1859 Ballan; Mary Ann b. 29-3-1861 Ballan, David b.8-1-1863 and died 14-7--1865 Pentland Hills; David Taylor b.1867 Ballan; John Jervis b.1869 Tyabb; Sarah b.1871 Tyabb; William Alexander b.24-2-1876 Tyabb. It seems that it was William Alexander Mairs who lived at "Konda" near Bittern.
David Taylor married Louise Huntley, the third child and daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope). Mary was born in 1879 in Brighton. Their only child listed on the website was David Huntley Mairs born on New Year's Day 1903. See the HUNTLEY entry in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal regarding David Taylor Mairs' hobby becoming his job!

PERHAPS RELEVANT HISTORICAL SOCIETIES AND MORNINGTON PENINSULA SHIRE COULD ENSURE THAT A STREET IN ANY NEW SUBDIVISIONS NEAR BITTERN IS NAMED IN HONOUR OF THIS PIONEERING FAMILY! Cr Graham Pittock has been asked to have a street in any new subdivision near Buttern named after David Mairs, with the full support of Mary Muir (nee Vansuylen) and Shirley Davies of the Hastings and Westernport Historical Society.

BALLAN AND BLACKWOOD.
The above birth records make it plain that David Mairs was involved in the Ballan, Blackwood area,but it was not until I started a journal about Blackwood that I realised just how involved he was. I have been unable so far to determine just when he first won a seat on the Ballan Shire Council. See D.Ryan's letter "GREENDALE" in BLACKWOOD JOTTINGS (1)regarding David Mairs' involvement in (late 1862) in the first election of the Ballan Road Board and how he nominated a Blackwood representative.

EUREKA!
BALLAN. ON a recent visit to our much esteemed friend, Mr. Denis Ryan, J.P., I was favored by the brief but interesting in telligence that the East Riding of Ballan Shire in the first Road Board was represented by Messrs. David Mairs, Denis Ryan, and George Moore. (p. 3, bme, 10-4-1909.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express published many reports of council meetings and the following extract shows his decisive response to ratepayer concerns.

BLACKWOOD RESERVOIR.
Cr Millyard was handed a letter written by Mr Williams who wished to speak to the council about the Blackwood reservoir.(Note, this has not been corrected on trove.)

Mr. Williams being called upon, said-I am acting for the public of Blackwood in this matter. The Chairman: Do I understand you rightly to say that you represent the public of Blackwood at this Council today ? Mr. Williams: Well, perhaps that is saying too much; but I am here to request, on behalf of the public interest of Blackwood, that this Council will interfere between Messrs. Walker and Armstrong obtaining a lease of the Blackwood Reservoir, or permission to cut a race therefrom. Mr. Walker has applied to the Board of Lands and Works for the lease of the race, and he also states that this Council has no power in the matter; whereas I am informed that the Council holds a lease of the reservoir, which is the exclusive property of this Council, I also wish permission to be allowed to peruse that lease. - Should Messrs. Walker and Armstrong attain their object, it will create a private interest detrimental to the public interest of Blackwood.

Councillor Mairs: It is important that this Council should take some steps in the matter, and it is also important that Messrs. Walker and Co. should not be put in possession of the property which they are now applying for. I will move-"That the Secretary write to the Minister of Mines, in reference to the application of Messrs. Walker and Armstrong, of Blackwood, for the right to cut a race in connection with the Blackwood Reservoir, and request that such right be not granted, as this Council is of opinion that the right to construct watercourses in connection with the above reservoir should be vested in this Council alone. And that, to create private interests in connection therewith, would be highly detrimental to the interests of this Council, and to the interests of the people of Blackwood." Councillor Graham would second the motion,
believing that it would serve the best interest of Blackwood. Carried.
(P.3,Bacchus Marsh Express, 25-5-1867.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express will be given as BME from now on.

On Monday evening last a few friends met our late respected neighbour, D. Mairs, Esq., J.P. (who paid a short visit to Myrniong), at Swannell's hotel. The evening was spent pleasantly, the crisis being chiefly the theme of conversation. Mr. Mairs' removal from the district has been a great loss to the Liberal party here.
(P.3, BME, 6-6-1868.)


DAVID MAIRS' GRANTS.
Hamilton with about 930 acres was the biggest purchaser in what I take to be the alienation of Thomas Henry Pyke's Run, but David, with about 812 acres was not far behind. Dr John Harbison, a doctor from Northern Irelandwho grew oranges, was a grantee on section 16 Doutta Galla too, his grant indicated by a street in North Essendon called Orange Grove. He or Charles Shuter may have influenced David's decision to buy land there too. So too might William John Turner (Big)Clarke who would have passed David 's grants on the way to Melbourne from his Special Survey at Sunbury. Clarke,who owned Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) may also influenced David Mairs' move to the parish of Bittern.

When I obtain a Blackwood parish map, the location of David's grants might be able to be given with some precision.
Purchasers not relevant to David Mairs will be removed later.

GOVERNMENT LAND SALE. Tuesday, 22nd July, 1856
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 23 July 1856 p 5 Article
...these ...ions the whole of the lots were sold ...forty nine Blackwood section ... lot. COUNTRY LOTS. BLACKWOOD, In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings. Upset price, 1 per acre. Lot 5. Eighty ... 919 words
COUNTRY LOTS.

BLACKWOOD,

In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the

village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings.

Upset price, 1 per acre.

Lot 5. Eighty acres threo roods twenty ! perches, 0. H. Lyons and 0. G. Ferrers (84a. per acre), 137 9*. 9d. the lot.

Lot 6. Eighty-eight acres two roods thirty - three porches, 0. II. Lyons and 0. Q. Ferrers (84s. per acre), 160 10* tho lot. >

Lot 7. Ninety-three acres one rood nine perches, Thomas Darcy (59s. per acre), 3

CB. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 8. Ninety-two acres eeven perche, Thomas Darcy (48s. por acre), $1018s. 6d. the

lot.

Lot 12. Sixty one acres two! roods four perches, Thomas Hamilton (61s. por aons), 188 2s. Gd. the lot.

Lot l3. Sixty-one acres thtrty-ve perchs, Thomas Hamilton (77s. per itore), z3518s, lOd.

thelot.

a.ot 14. Eighty-three acres two roods, Thomas Hamilton (57s. por acre), 237 19s. Gi. - the lot.

Lot 15. Two hundred and three acres one rood thirty perches, David Mairs (57s. per acre), 579 1s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 16. Two hundred and forty-six acres three roods eight perches,David Mairs (38s. per acre), 468 18s. 4d. the lot.

Lot 17. Two hundred and twenty-six acres two roods, thirty-two pcichea. Thomas Hamilton (52s. per acre), 559 6)3.4d. the lot.

Lot l8. Ninety-two acres, Thomas Hamil- ton (37s. per acre) 170 4s. the lot.

Lot 19. Sixty-three acres one rood twonty Boven porches. Thomas Hamilton (84s. p,jr ame), 108 4s. 9d. the lot.

Lot 20. Sixty-live acios two roods thirfcy ghtpeichcs, O.K.. Frey(38s. per acre), 103

9s. 6d. the lot.

Lot 21. Eighty-nine acres two roads sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (41B. per acre), 181

JEB. Cd. the lot,

Lot 22, Ninety-six acres, James Quirk (32s. lier acre), 108 12s. the lot.

Lot 23. Seventy - seven acres thlrty-two perches, John Haribison (32s. per acre), 128 10s. 4d. the lot,

Lot 24. Ninety-eight acres ono rood eighteen perches, John lmnner (27s. per at>re), 182 ls.

8d. the lot.

Lot 25. Seveuty-threo acres two roods nino pe ches, Thomas Hamilton (31s. per acre), 114

the lot

Lot 20. Eighty-four acres three roods fifteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (51s. per acre), 16

7s. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 27. One hundred and four acres thirty tno perches, William Jones (28s. per acre),

145 18s. the lot.

Lot 28. Seventy-seven acres thirty-eight puches, Thomas Hamilton (38s. per acre),

127 9s. tho lot.

Lot 29. Forty-five acres eight perches, Wil- liam White (54i. per acre), 76 12s. 7d. the lot.

Lot 30. Forty-two acres ono rood thirty- nine perches, James Struthera (61s.lier aero),

129 12s. 3d. the lot.

Lot 81. Seventy-four acres three roods four pe ches. Peter Inglis (68s. per ucre), 261 i).

Vu. the lot. '

Lot 82. Eighty acres two roods, Oharloa Shutei (100s. per acre), 40210s. the lot.

Lot 83. Ninety-nine acres one rood, sixteen perches, David Mairs (93s. per acre), 461 19s.

6d. the lot.

Lot 84. Forty-six acres two roods thirty - seven perches, David Mairs (68s. per aore), 158 17s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 85. Sixty acres three roods, David Mairs (60s. per acre), 182 5s. the lot.

Lot 86. Sixty acres, Isaac Evans (187s. per acre), 411 tho lot.

Lot 87. Fifty-nine acres thirty percho, Alex. M'Oubbin (82s. per aero), 242 IBs. 4d.

the lot

Lot 88. One hundred and fifty-eight acres three roods one perch, David Mairs (48s. per acre), 381 the lot.

Lot 39. One hundred and thirty-eight acres two roods sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (52B. per acre], 860 7s. 2d. the lot.

Lot 40. One hundred and sixty-seven acras one rood thirty-six perches, Thomas Hamil- ton (40s. per acre), 334 19s. the lot.

Lot 41. Ninety-three acres one rood thirty two porches, lobert Lawson (24s. per acre), 112 20 9d. tho lot.

Lot 42. Ono hundred and one acres two peichcs, Bobeit Lawson (25s.per acre); 126 5s,

the lot.

Lot 48. Two hundred and twonfey-sevon cres Bix perohes, Eobort Lawson (40s. pjt acre), 454 Is. 6d. tho lot.

Lot 44. Eighty-seven aores one rood, W. J, T. Chuko (59s. per aero), 257 7s. 9d. the lot

Lot 45. Eighty-seven acreB two roods savon perches, W.J.T. Clarke (72s. per acre), 315

81-. 4d. the lot.

Lot 40. Foity-eight acres two roods twenty eix perches, W. J. T. Clarko (68s. per acie),

166 9a. the lot.

Lot 47. Twelve acres, Bayrnond Vine Ro- bertson (26s. pi r .-.ero), 16 the lot.

Lot 48. Twelve acres, William Morton (22s per aero), 18 4s. the^ot.

Lot 49. Twelve acres, William Jones (253. per acre), 15 the Iotf

Lot 60. Twenty-six acres three roods, S. Palmer (24s. per acre), 32 Hie lot.

Lot 61. Twenty-four acre3 twelve perches, "William Guylor (23s. per ucre), 27 13s. 7d. the lot._


MAIRS. On the 14th inst., of diphtheria, at Pyke's-flat, Pentland Hills, David Mairs, aged two years and six months; also, on the 17th inst., of the same disease, Sarah Jane Mairs, aged six years, the beloved children of David and Sarah Mairs. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1865.)
Pyke's Flat,(or Vale, considered by a poet as a better term) to the best of my understanding,is, or includes, the site of Pyke's Creek Reservoir.

VERY STRANGE!!!
I wondered if there was a Mairs St in Ballan but when I entered MAIRS ST, BALLAN, up came a picture of David Mairs. Then I came to a page which revealed that David Mairs was living in 35 Roslyn Rd, North Blackwood at the time of their marriage. This page which has a copy of the wedding certificate of David and Sarah can quaintly be quickly located by googling "Mairs,Tyalor".

There is no Roslyn Rd in North Blackwood. It may have been today's Allen Creek Rd. There is also no Roslyn Rd in Greendale or Ballan.

5 comment(s), latest 11 months, 1 week ago

DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL, VIC., AUST. (PIONEERS, FARM LOCATIONS AND NAMES, ANECDOTES.)

My 2500 page DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND was designed to enable family historians to quickly locate any information I might have about their families. Alexander Sutherland had done the same thing a century earlier in his VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888) but inclusion in his book depended on whether you ordered a copy.
On reaching the part of my summary of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL that concerned the Great War, I tried to find out why Charlie Trewin enlisted at Charlton. In the process, I found out much about the Trewin family; too much to include in the summary. In trying to work out where I would include this information, ease of accessing that particular information (perhaps by a descendant of Yuille and Bess Wilson) was considered, and a new journal with surnames, organisations, farm names etc in alphabetical order seemed the best option.

A year after a name refers to rate records from which the name came. The addition of Bal. indicates that the assessment was in the parish of Balnarring, south of Athurs Seat Rd. Names will be listed firstly from the last assessment available on microfiche, 1919-20 with other names added from earlier assessments and sources such as Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN. The area I have included in my definition of Red Hill extends west to Purves Rd, north to Boundary Rd (and Dromana-Bittern Rd east of Moats Corner), east to properties fronting Red Hill Rd and south to the limits of Melway maps 171, 190 and 191. This journal will take years to grow, so visit it now and again to see if details of your family have been added. I hope I don't miss anyone!

MOAL refers to Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, which contains many anecdotes concerning Red Hill.
ADOD refers to Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ADAMS Robert Henry.

In 1873, Robert Henry Adams, son of Captain Henry Everest Adams of Rosebud, married Mary Jane, daughter of William Hopcraft who had immigrated from Poorpastures in the old country. Mary Jane, who described herself as a gentlewoman on the marriage certificate, was not impressed by her father in law's drinking (of his Vivyan Vineyard product) and refused to live in the same house. Robert's choice of another abode, crown allotment 69A, Balnarring would have been influenced by Mary Jane as it was sandwiched between William Hopcraft's grants (70 A and B, Balnarring, across Tucks Rd) and John Hopcraft's grant (27B1Wannaeue, across the Mornington-Flinders Rd.) Robert Anderson signed his application for 69A (a bit over 94 acres) before Robert Anderson J.P. of Barragunda on 15-12-1877.

Robert's selection was bounded by Tucks Rd and Mornington Flinders Rd from their junction to a southern boundary indicated by that of the Ten Minutes by Tractor Wine Co.continued to Tucks Rd. (Melway 190 E11.) Robert persuaded the Captain to vacate Hopetoun House (which stood roughly where the car wash is situated on the west corner of Wattle Place, Rosebud) and the old salt moved to South Melbourne to live with friends. Robert was probably back at Hopetoun House by December 1881 when he was granted the licence for 44 acres on the north side of Hove Rd later granted to J.Bayford. Crown Allotment 69A Balnarring was granted to M.Byrne. (Sources: Documents and family legend supplied by Robert Henry Adams' grandson, Harvey Marshall.)


ADCOCK 1919.

The 1919-20 Assessments show that L. Adcock of Red Hill was the occupant of 42 acres and buildings being part of 20C Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 20C, granted to W.Johnstone on 19-7-1902 and consisting of 130 acres, is bounded by Roberts, Mornington-Flinders and Shands Rds (Melway 190 D12.) Robert H. Johnstone had retained 38 acres of the grant and Mrs Mary Cleave of Red Hill, had 24 acres, pt 20C (no parish mentioned!)

(The Argus, 31-3-1923, p.1.) ADCOCK (nee Elsie Osler) On the 15th March, at Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne, to Mr and Mrs L.F.Adcock, "Ashburnham", Main Ridge, Red Hill, -a daughter, Alwyn Amy (Caesarian birth.)

ADDICOTT 1919.

R.Addicott of Red Hill was assessed on 25 acres, part Crown Allotment 13B, Kangerong. This allotment, granted to Margaret Davies and probably consisting of about 70 acres, is now occupied by the Kindilan Society (Melway 191 A4.)

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA

by Colin McLear, available for purchase from the Dromana Historical Society, has photos etc of the following, regarding Red Hill. Page numbers are given.
27. Jamieson's Special Survey re Tassell, Marshall, Griffith. 35. Griffith. 37. McLear bullock team. 49.McKeown's and Chapman's guest houses in Dromana. 63. Nelson Rudduck. 64. Nelson Rudduck and wife.
71. Griffith. 73. Arkwell's packing shed. 76. Lookout Tower (old lighthouse) on Arthurs Seat.78. William Moat.
86. James and Catherine McKeown. 87. Gracefield homestead in 1964. 87. Beautiful Eva McKeown. 97 and 102. Geo. McLear. 104. James McLear and Alice (nee Prossor.) 120. Frank Moat. 121. Dr Weld. 147. Will (Pop) Littlejohn. 157 Julia and James Clydesdale. 160 Nelson Rudduck, W.J.Mcilroy and Henry Ault.

ANDREW 1919.

M.H.Andrew of Red Hill was assessed on 45 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 12B, Kangerong. Granted to J.Arkwell and consisting of 71.5 acres, this allotment, between Arkwells Lane and Andrews Lane, extends as far north as the Red Hill Recreation Reserve.

APPLEYARD 1919.

The death of Mr Appleyard at Red Hill was reported under the heading of SORRENTO on page 10 of the Argus of 30-9-1927. The correspondent reported that he was an old resident of Sorrento and that he and his late wife had conducted a drapery business there for many years.The Flinders ratebook of 1919-20 shows that Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento was assessed on 197 acres, part crown allotments 19 and 20, Kangerong. The 1910-11 records describe him as a draper of Sorrento and showed that he was assessed on 313 acres. In 1900 he'd been assessed on 546 acres.

Strangely, it would seem, Appleyard was not mentioned in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana". But I think I know why. He would have been as popular around the locality as the local who bid against the Griffith family for their historic homestead block when the Clarkes' share of the survey was sold in 1907. I found reference to a letter he wrote to council in August 1898 stating that he had opened up the road at his property and asking for it to be repaired. I thought it strange that the council decided to take no action and wondered what opening up the road meant. Then I found that the draper had (probably in February) fenced off the road, which led to a water reserve and had ordered off anyone trying to use the road. No wonder the shire treated his request with disdain!

The parish map is hard to read but part of his land may have been issued in 1889. I've also noticed that he had land between Dromana Secondary College and the junction of Harrisons and White Hill Rds. Counting this land, his grants totalled 429 acres. It is almost certain that Thomas had blocked the top of Harrisons Rd and deprived Red Hill residents of access to the water reserve which was probably on the east side of Harrisons Rd where a creek crossed into Moat's grant.

It is certain that Thomas was on that land by 4-5-1892 when the Argus reported on page 3 that George Howat had sold 493 merino wethers for T.Appleyard of Dromana. William John Brady of Mount Evergreen took him to court in 1896 on a charge of sheep stealing but Brady's barrister was not available and the case was adjourned. Appleyard researchers can chase that one up; this is supposed to be a couple of sentences, not a book!It is possible that Appleyard was leasing W.A.Blair's or Hearn's land near Mt Evergreen at the time.

Where had he been previously? Welshpool, Sorrento, Richmond, Fitzroy? I think he might have been at Melway 151 B8. George Howat sold 10 bullocks for Simmons and T.Appleyard of "Dalkeith Park" (Argus 9-3-1882 page 10) and a later sale in the 1880's shows that Howat sold 3000 merino wethers for Alf Downward of Mornington and 1000 for Thomas Appleyard of Dalkeith Park. The latter sale makes it likely that I'm talking about the correct Dalkeith. As these were the only sales conducted by Howat on that day, it is likely that both consignments had been taken to Nelbourne together. I can't remember whether Watson had bought Hearn's grants at that stage but Dalkeith seemed to be chiefly occupied by lessees, such as Alfred Head before Vale bought it later on circa 1890.(Vale's daughter became Mrs Jackson; hence Jackson's Hill at the start of the Mornington turn off.) Appleyard was not the only one to move from Moorooduc parish to Kangerong to acquire a freehold, the Counsel boys did too.

Other trove articles lead me to believe that the late wife of Thomas was Eliza and that Lily was managing the drapery business.It seems obvious that Thomas was a grazier rather than an orchardist as one of his distant ancestors seems to have been.


ARKWELL.

Much biographical and genealogical detail about John and Hannah Arkwell can be found on page 11 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, which can be purchased at the old shire hall museum at Dromana (Sunday afternoons.)

The article AROUND RED HILL on page 2 of the 30-8-1902 issue of the Mornington Standard states that the 20 acre Arkwell orchard was well laid out and trimmed. Their late father had been the pioneer in the growing of strawberries of which there were 9 acres growing. The sons were doing well supplying flowers for Melbourne florists.

John Arkwell was granted the northern half of his land (12A, Kangerong), on 5-4-1862 and 12B in March 1870. The Red Hill Recreation Reserve is the western half of 12 B. Each allotment consisted of 71 acres 2 roods and 4 perches so the total area of his grants was 143 acres, not 144. John's land was bounded by Arkwells Lane (to its junction with White Hill Rd), a northern boundary heading due east and Andrews Lane (See ANDREW.)

In 1864, the rate collector assessed John Arkwell, the owner, on a 4 roomed house and "land", 3 acres of which was cultivated. By 1865, John was occupying 144 acres (12B as well.) Details were the same in 1879. In 1900, brothers, Herbert, Percy and Walter Arkwell were assessed on 144 acres. In 1910-11, Robert and Percy Arkwell were assessed on 144 acres. By 1919, 45 acres of 12B was occupied by M.H.Andrew; Herbert and Percy Arkwell only being assessed on 25 acres of 12B.The rate collector, blithely unaware that I'd be going through his records with a fine-tooth comb and in a frenzy because of the explosion in the number of ratepayers, had tacked two entries at the end of the riding: W.(Mc?)Roberts (having just moved from Main Ridge to Red Hill) 30 acres, part 12A, and Ewen Forest, Red Hill, 22.5 acres and buildings, part -A.) Thus only 122.5 acres of the 143 acres in 12A,B had been accounted for. Had some of the land been lost to banks? Sheila Skidmore states that 6 acres (of 12B) were purchased from the Arkwells in 1917-8. In his brief history of Red Hill, W.J.Holmes stated that this was called Arkwell's Bush and described the community effort to clear the trees, some of which Bob White carried to Rosebud for sale as firewood.

All Mornington Standard:
6-5-1905 p.5. W.Arkwell donated bulbs for Dromana State School's prize-winning garden.
5-12-1903 p.5. One of the Arkwells was selected in a combined team to play Port Melbourne at Frankston.
9-9-1905 p.5. W.Arkwell was captain of the Red Hill Rifle Club.
18-6-1896 p.2. W.Arkwell was on a Mornington/Red Hill committee to organise autumn and spring shows.
3-9-1896 p.3. Mr Arkwell,Wesleyan lay preacher, was a busy man on Sundays. On the following Sunday he took the Dromana service at 11a.m. and the Red Hill service at 3p.m.

Mornington and Dromana Standard 4-3-1911 p.2. James Connell had pinched Herbert Arkwell's bike.


Argus 24-3-1898 p.6. Ernest Edward Arkwell was kicked in the face while attending a horse on Saturday 22nd. Suffering multiple fractures he was operated on at the Alfred Hospital but was still in a critical condition.

ASSESSMENTS.

I don't like loose ends and the idea for this entry came to me today while I was researching for the RINGROSE entry in an effort to find a connection between Bryan Ringrose of Smythedale and Brian Ringrose of 18B Kangerong at Red Hill. I want you to imagine that you are a rate collector in the 1860's. How would you list your ratepayers?
If you were a small shopkeeper and allowed credit to your regular customers, the logical way to list them would be alphabetically so you could find their record quickly. This is the method used for the Kangerong Road Board and from the end of the 1860's by the Flinders Road Board. When they merged to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong whose first assessment was made in 1875, the same method was continued. All the shires (Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla) in my previous area of research used geographic listings. It was nearly as quick to locate a ratepayer's name if you knew where they lived and the visualised route you took as you listed them.
To compare the ease of the two methods, imagine a task of listing the residents in your street of a dozen houses where all the neighbours know each other. Wouldn't it be easier to imagine a walk up one side of the street and down the other? If somebody moved out, you would cross out their names and write the names of their replacements, whichever method was used (geographical or alphabetical.) But the next year, if you used alphabetical, the newcomers would have to be written in the correct alphabetical position. And if the newcomer was only leasing for a year, the original name would have to be written in its correct alphabetical position the next time.
Now imagine that the street was a few miles long. If the owner had leased his house to five or so families over a decade, you probably wouldn't remember which house had been occupied by them all. And that is exactly what happened with the Ringrose grant, 18B Kangerong. In geographical listing, the properties would be listed in the same order every year. If a crown allotment was subdivided, acreage for the various settlers could be checked by ensuring that they add up to the total acreage of the crown allotment, although this was rarely done.( A 46 acre block at Tullamarine was called 64 acres for almost a century before it was purchased for the airport!) The only advantage to me with the alphabetical listings is that if the previous occupant's name is written in its correct place, crossed out and replaced with the new occupant's name, this indicates that the latter had probably arrived only a few months before the date of the assessments. (See RINGROSE entry.)

Assessment mistakes. While researching Shand, Huntley, Bennett farms near Craig Avon Lane, I discovered one of the best howlers I've ever seen. In 1897-8, Alfred Ernest Bennett was assessed on 250 acres, specified as being 14A and 79A, Balnarring. (They total 250 acres 1 rood and 6 perches but that's close enough.) In 1898-9, Alfred and H.P.Bennett were also assessed on 352 acres leased from J.H.Aylwin. In 1900-1 Alfred was assessed on the 352 and 250 acres, the former occupied by John Shand. In 1901-2 John Shand was leasing the 352 acres again and it was specified as being 79AB and 78B1. This was also close enough to the correct total: 353 acres and 13 perches.

Have you spotted the howler? Crown allotment 79A was counted as part of the 250 acres and also part of the 352 acres. Poor Alfred Ernest was paying rates on the same 128.5 acre allotment twice while he was residing on Kent Orchard (79B)! He would have been given an account for his rates, which would have been a tenth of the Nett Annual Value, and as the value of land was so low, an additional 128 acres would not make much difference. In 1904-5, William Oswin was leasing Alfed's house and surrounding 7 acres (N.A.V.10 pounds) but the N.A.V. of the 115 acres of 79A was only five pounds more. Alfred's rates on the 115 acres would have been only ten shillings for the year.


AULT.

Extract from Dromana,Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
THE AULTS AND THE METHODIST CHURCH. Henry William Ault seems to have been a lay preacher in the Methodist Church. He was listed in Wises Dromana trades directory of 1895 as a carpenter. He had lived for many years in Lakes Entrance when he died on 14-11-1934, having remained a stalwart of the church. (Gippsland Times 19-11-1934 page 1.) Harry Ault of Sale had an important task as an engineer in W.W.2. H.J. Ault moved to Mile End in South Australia and named his house Dromana.
Henry William Ault was, by 1875, leasing Joseph Pitchers grant, 72B, Balnarring, of 140 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, at Red Hill. By 1887 he appears to have purchased the block, fronting the east side of Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 E-F5) and now occupied by Mock Orchards. The end of Pardalote Rise indicates its south east corner. (Balnarring parish map, Flinders and Kangerong Shire rates.)
The Dromana Methodist church was built by Brother Ault in May and June 1878 and Henry was an original trustee, along with Rev. Lindsay, John Coles, Edward Barker, Alexander Shand, C.D.Gunson and William McIlroy. (A Dreamtime of Dromana page 124.) Shands, McIlroy and Barkers Rds indicate where three of these trustees lived, and Coles was probably from Minto near Westernport. Brother Crichton had been on the building committee; he probably lived at Glen Lee (Melway 252 K1) but also had bush paddocks nearer to Main Ridge. (See map on page 10.) Nelson Rudduck of Dromana, who was soon to become a stalwart of the church, and J.S.Rudduck (his wife) received a grant of 100 acres (170 J9-10)between Kinwendy Rd and Duells Rd in 1888.
The Rev. Watford pointed out that many of the people in the mountains earned a living by splitting timber but could not get their produce to Dromana because of impassable roads. In view of the Shands, Barkers, McIlroys, Crichtons, Rudducks and Aults living south of this impassable barrier,and other families such as the Hopcrafts (Melway 190 D7 and F9) so opposed to drink that they must have been Methodists*, a church was probably also built at Main Ridge. The Flinders Heritage Study discusses a former Methodist manse being built in Palmerston Ave by Nelson Rudduck for the Main Ridge minister, it is likely that its occupant conducted services at Dromana too.
*Robert Adams wife, a Hopcraft, refused to live at Hopetoun House at Adams Corner (Wattle Place) because of Captain Adams drinking.

BALNARRING PIONEERS.


The first available assessments, of 8-6-1869, for the Balnarring Division of the Flinders Road District, list the following pioneers near Red Hill.James and Martin Byrne, 134 and 129 acres; Thomas Bullock 59 acres; Hamilton Allen 115 acres; George Wilson 32 acres; Edward Grey 53 acres; William Bayne 2059 acres- some leased by James R.Thomson; William Hopcraft 89 acres; Alfred Head 130 acres; James Pitcher 140 acres; {b]Hill Hillas 40 acres; James McEwan(McKeown)165 acres; Robert Wighton 243 acres and Alex Wighton 319 acres; James McConnell 135 acres; John Oswin 375 acres; Edward Stanley 160 acres; John Caldwell 225 acres; William Gibson 190 acres; George Sherwood 128 acres; James Davey 249 acres; James White (Whyte in Balnarring Byways)160 acres; Thomas Cahill 137 acres; James McCormack 175 acres; John Baldry 145 acres; William Bayne 197 acres; Michael Byrne 151 acres; Robert Kennedy 102 acres and Patrick Kennedy 30 acres; Henry Tuck 970 acres; Charles Graves 382 acres; John Richard and John Snr Barker 3481 acres; Robert Anderson 1967 acres leased from Howitt.

COMMENTS. It is possible that Thomas Cahill and James McCormack were former neighbours near today's Keilor Park. Thomas Cahill was on Gumm's Corner and Edward Cahill had 180 acres south of Broomfield if my memory is correct and Maurice Crotty of "Broomfield"(Melway 15 E4) married a McCormack girl. According to Glen Cotchen, a Crotty family historian, the McCormacks leased a 44 acre farm from George Annand south of the east end of Annandale Rd and called it Chesterfield.

The land held by the pioneers will be described by crown allotment and Melway location unless they are likely to have a separate entry.
BYRNE (Several crown allotments east and west of Byrne Rd at Melway 256 F7. M.Byrne was later granted the land that Robert Henry Adams had held on licence at the north end of Tucks Rd.); BULLOCK (CA 69B,Nepean Estate and T'Gallant Wineries at 190 E-F 10-11); ALLEN ( Surname on parish map is Allan,CA50A,B, 190 G 11-12); GREY (Surname on parish map is Gray, CA 67 A,B, 190 J 11-12); WILSON (CA 66A 255 J1); BAYNE (Much land along Shoreham Rd.); PITCHER (72B, 190 E-F 6, later bought by Henry Ault.) WIGHTON (CA 84, 50, 49 between the line of Tonkins Rd and Merricks Township.) OSWIN (CA 55A,B at 162 A-B12 and 192 A-B1 and CA ? of 63 acres north of Craig Avon Rd, 161 J 9-10); STANLEY (a few miles along Stanley Rd.) CALDWELL- see CALDWELL entry; GIBSON-see GIBSON entry. SHERWOOD (CA 79B, 191 H-J1) DAVEY(CA14A and 55A at 161 J 11-12 and K 10-11.) WHYTE (Location of homestead and the accident causing the death of James are described in Balnarring Byways.)
BALDRY KENNEDY TUCK ANDERSON.It is likely that all four were in the parish of Flinders, between Fingal and Balnarring.

BARKER David 1919.

(See COMMENTS after the journal.)
In 1919 David Barker of Main Creek had just replaced William Shand as the occupant of 19B, section B, Wannaeue. Consisting of just over 105.5 acres and granted to A.Shand on 4-10 18(82?), this crown allotment was at the south corner of Old Main Creek Rd and Shands Rd with Main Creek forming its eastern boundary.(Melway 171 J-K12.)

The Barkers followed Maurice Meyrick on the old Boniyong run and had purchased the pre-emptive right bounded by Limestone, Boneo and Browns Rds, and a southern extension of Grasslands Rd. By 1900,the executors of Mrs S.Barker were assessed on 922 acres including the P.R. and sections 1 and 6C, Fingal and by 1910 the pre-emptive right had been subdivided and occupied by such as Flinders grazier, Andrew Buchanan. Ray Cairns knew of no connection between the Barkers of Main Creek and Boneo but it is possible that there was one; Mentiplay lads from Flinders finished up as bakers at Rosebud and Rye, the latter playing footy for Rye in its first season, 1946. The Davey family of Frankston is another example of a family that expanded into other areas. There is much information about the Barkers of Boneo in Lime Land Leisure. Barkers Rd (254 H2) recalls the Main Ridge pioneers.

Many members of the Barker family were buried in the Flinders Cemetery.

Conclusive proof that the same family owned the Boneo and (parish of )Flinders properties was found at the start of the 1897-8 rates where the big landholdings of the Barkers, Robert Anderson, David Mairs etc had been typed up and placed in the rate book. The rate collector was apparently unaware that "executrix" was the feminine of executor. John Barker, executrix (sic) of the late Susannah Barker, was assessed on the Boniyong pre-emptive right in Wannaeue, the Cape Schanck pre-emptive right in (the parish of) Flinders and crown allotments 2 and 6 in Fingal.


BARRETT 1919 Bal.

Mrs E.Barratt of "Arran" Mornington, was assessed on 208 acres , crown allotment 76A and some gibberish, Balnarring. C.A.76A, consisting of 104 acres and granted to W.Bayne now contains Webb St and Allorn Cherry and Russell Rds. It is likely that the gibberish was meant to be 76B, also 104 acres granted to W.Bayne, accessed by the southern end of Webb St and Russell Rd.

BENNETT A.E. ( 28,29W and 10A K.)

A.E.Bennett of Kent Orchard, on Kentucky Rd, brought the plight of Red Hill's Connell family to the public's attention in letters to the editor; see the CONNELL entry.

An article on page 3 of the Mornington Standard's issue of 5-5-1898 gives excellent detail of how Bennett had utilised his four years of study at the Government's School of Horticulture to improve on the orchard that had been planted on Kent Orchard by a previous owner, probably the grantee in about 1878. Any descendants of Mr Bennett writing a family history will find fantastic detail in this article about the variety of apples, spaces between trees, the use of maize between rows, types of soil, measures to protect the fruit during picking and storage etc.

A.E.Bennett was obviously skilled in the use of the saw and axe and was considering entering these events at the Dromana Show (Mornington Standard 15-12-1898 page 3.) In the following year he offered the Dromana Agricultural and Horticultural Society a gold medal as a prize for export apples and the committee was so impressed with it that they intended to show it off at the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Show. (M.S. 2-3-1899 P.2.)

It seems that A.E.Bennett had leased H.E.Moor's* residence on Balcomb's (sic)Hill near Mornington and was leasing Kent Orchard to Cr W.Oswin of Balnarring**.(M.S. 11-2-1905 page 2, Personal.)

It is strange to find that the trustees of A.E.Bennett, (with W.W.Bennett named) were assessed on land near Main Creek in 1900. Perhaps the A.E.Bennett that was moving to Mornington was A.E.Bennett Junior. Wrong! See the BENNETT-COOKE wedding notice below. The assessment probably should have been on the trustees of William B.Bennett, namely A.E. and W.W.Bennett.

(*Henry Erskine Moors was appointed Shire Secretary, Engineer, Rate Collector and Valuer of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire on 26-3-1898.**The rate record shows that W.Oswin was leasing only the Seven Oaks Farm homestead on 7 acres in 1904-5 while Bennett was assessed on the 115 acres.

This is sheer speculation but A.E.Bennett might have been responsible for the name of Kentucky Rd. On page 4 of The Clarence and Richmond Examiner of 31-7-1897, it is reported that Mr Archibald E. Bennett of Kentucky who had just entered the service of the Commercial Bank, was to become the ledger keeper at Grafton, N.S.W. He would not have been our A.E.Bennett but he could have been a cousin. Kentucky Road's name might also have a connection with Peter Shand's "Kentucky" at Merricks North. Peter, who married John Huntley Jnr's widow, Mary, visited the U.S.A. and one of the Huntley girls was a reporter there according to Bill Huntley. Percy Huntley later owned Kent Orchard and may have applied the name of his mother's homestead to the road.

In 1900, the A.E.Bennett(sic) trustees were assessed on 644 acres in the parish of Wannaeue. It seems that he had 29A and 28AB totalling 626 acres which is all that land between Main Creek and Mornington-Flinders Rds for the length of William Rd.(Melway 191 A-D 2-6.) I wonder if the name of William Rd was bestowed to honour A.E.Bennett's father, William.B.Bennett. who had died before Alf's wedding in 1902. The assessment probably should have been on the trustees of William B.Bennett, namely A.E. and W.W.Bennett.

Sheila Skidmore, in discussing efforts to get a railway to Red Hill on page 51 of THE RED HILL, mentions a meeting at the first schoolhouse in 1899 at which A.Bennett was elected secretary of the new railway league.This was probably A.E.Bennett.

I am treading cautiously here because Red Hill was a name that applied to many places other than "Red Hill: Beauty by the Bay".
The Argus 23-12-1902 page 1. Marriages. BENNETT-COOKE. Alfred Ernest Bennett of Seven Oaks Farm, Red Hill, eighth son of the late William B.Bennett of South Yarra married Isabel May Cooke who hailed from Tasmania. A possible connection with William Rd, just over Mornington-Flinders Rd from W.H.Blakeley's land! The announcement must have been somewhat delayed because Personal Pars on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 22-11-1902 mentioned that Mr A.E.Bennett had arrived at his residence "Seven Oaks Farm" a few days ago with his bride and was tendered a musical evening by his many friends.

I'm no longer walking on ice but now I have to find out where "Seven Oaks" was. The wife of A.E.Bennett of Seven Oaks, Red Hill,(i.e. Isabel May) gave birth to a son at Mornington on August 3. (Argus 8-8-1903 P.9.)

I have not found where Seven Oaks was but it was occupied by James and Elizabeth Hinds by 1915 when their son Will was killed in action in Egypt.(Argus, 26-10-1915 page 1.) When I discover the location of the farm, it will be written only in the SEVEN OAKS entry.

CHARLES BENNETT of St Kilda was assessed on 172 acres of crown allotment 10 Kangerong in 1910-11. He may have been a brother of Alfred Ernest Bennett and the C.H.Bennett who had 36 acres of Cooma, 13 Balnarring in 1901-2.

BENNETT IN THE RATE BOOKS. The following was transcribed in an effort to establish the locations of Kent Orchard, Seven Oaks Farm and James Hinds' Seven Oaks.
1897-8. Alfred Ernest Bennett owned 250 acres, 14A and 79A Balnarring.(Occupier K.Parker.) I chose this year to start my research because the article about Kent Orchard was written in May 1898. BENNETT WAS FIRST ASSESSED IN 18__-__.
1898-9. A.E.Bennett and H.P.Bennett were occupying the same 250 acres, owned by A.E.Bennett, and Alfred Ernest Bennett was leasing 352 from J.H.Aylwin. As explained in the ASSESSMENTS entry, Alfred was paying rates twice on 79A as its 115 acres were added to 14A to make up the 250 acres and to 79B and 78B1 to make up the 352 acres.
1899-1900. Alfred and {b]Henry P.Bennett were assessed on 352? acres and 250 acres, both owned by Alf.
1900-1. This must have been when The Bennetts went overseas as mentioned by Bill Huntley. John (Peter) Shand was leasing the whole 602* acres from A.E.Bennett. John Shand was the second husband of Bill Huntley's grand-mother, Mary Huntley. (*487 acres if 79A is not counted twice!)
1901-2. Alf still owned both parcels but since he was occupying the 250 acres and John Shand the 250 acres, I wonder who actually was occupying 79A. Henry Erskine Moors realised there was something that didn't make sense about the 352 acre total from the specified 79AB, 78B1, hence his question mark; the problem was that 79A was part of the 250 acres and also part of the 352 acres.
1902-3. The same as above but we now know who were on 79A or "Seven Oaks Farm" in November, 1902: Alfred Ernest Bennett and the former Miss Isabel May Cooke. I wonder whether they had met during the "Season" in London in 1900-1. The rate collector still hadn't worked out whether 79A was part of the 250 or 352 acres and to make matters worse, he assessed William W.Bennett on 14A Balnarring of 121 acres. Bill Huntley has told me that 79A of 128 acres was definitely Seven Oaks Farm. Crown allotment 14A, which later became Huntley/Shand land, consisted of 121 acres and with Seven Oaks Farm made up the 250 acre total, so both Alfred and William were paying rates on 14A! C.H.Bennett, perhaps one of Alf's seven brothers, had 36 acres on Cooma, 13,Balnarring which was on the north west corner of Tubbarubba and Bittern-Dromana Rd.

Robert H.Morris, from Penbroke in Wales, had 121 acres that he called Pembroke, across Tubbarubba Rd from 13A, the grant of his father-in-law, Edward Jones of Spring Farm and Penbank at Moorooduc. Robert and his wife lived at one stage on the block now occupied by Penbank School (Melway 146 G6.) Pembroke Drive, in Somerville, may owe its name to Robert's place of origin because his sister-in-law, Mrs Unthank, another of the Jones girls, had the orchard there before the Bullens.
1903-4. A.E.Bennett was assessed only on Seven Oaks Farm, a house on 10 acres (N.A.V. 10 pounds) and 115 acres (N.A.V.15 pounds) on 79 A Balnarring. This crown allotment consisted of about 128.6 acres so the land only assessment should have been on 118 acres. William W.Bennett was assessed on 14A of 121 acres. C.H.Bennett was recently replaced by Archibald McGregor Lennox on the 36 acres of 13 Balnarring.
1904-5. As reported in the newspaper article, Alfred had leased his farm to Cr W.Oswin but Oswin was only assessed on the house and seven acres and Alfred on 115 acres (a total of 122 acres instead of 128!) John (Peter) Shand was now assessed on 14A, which eventually became John Shand's "Kentucky" and Percy Huntley's "Rosslyn".
1905-6. A.E.Bennett was assessed on 115 acres 79A, Balnarring.

BENNETT FARM LOCATIONS.
SEVEN OAKS FARM. 79A Balnarring,128.6 acres, Melway 161 J pt11,12 and left half of K12, bounded by Craig Avon Lane (N) and Red Hill Rd (W).
KENT ORCHARD, 79B Balnarring, 128.6 acres, Melway 191 H- (left half of) K 1 and (top half of) 2, fronting Red Hill Rd from just north of the Kentucky Rd corner to the north boundary of the Port Phillip Estate Winery.
78B1, 95 acres, Melway H/K (bottom half of) 2 following the boundaries of the southern extension of the Port Phillip Winery to Stanleys Rd, frontage of 330 metres to Stanley Rd with No. 96 being near its midpoint.
14A Balnarring,(Later Kentucky and Rosslyn, both homesteads still there at 214 and 212 Bittern-Dromana Rd), Melway 161 K 10-11 north of Bittern-Dromana Rd with the south west corner at the bend in Craig Avon Lane.

BITTERN-DROMANA ROAD.
The name of Junction Rd, which leads from the north end of Red Hill Rd (Melway 161 H 12) seems strange because it does not lead to a junction. There is a junction of Red Hill and Dromana -Bittern Rds at the aforementioned location but this came much later than the original junction which no longer exists. The junction of the road from Dromana to Bittern and Bulldog Creek Rd was at Melway 161 J7. Myers Rd was named after a latish pioneer about whom there is considerable detail in Charles Hollinshed's LIME LAND LEISURE. It would not surprise me to find a reference in about 1880 to a tender for roadworks on the Bittern Dromana road near the Firths' properties; that is on Myers Rd east of Tubbarubba Rd. Myers Rd is shown on the Kangerong and Balnarring parish maps and I believe that is was part of the original route from Dromana and Bittern; it leads straight to the Bittern station.

The part of this route between Melway 161 D6 and 161 J 7 no longer exists, the same situation applying to Bulldog Creek Rd south of Wallaces Rd. The land near these two portions of closed road was probably reserved from alienation by the Crown at the request of many locals, being the site of the Tubbarubba diggings. Bernard Eaton was probably the last to conduct large-scale gold mining here from the late 1880's and it is possible that the Government, almost bankrupt because of the 1890's depression, decided to sell this diggings land, Alfred and Caroline Downward buying much of it.

The Clydesdale, Moat and Peatey lads would have tramped along this now-closed road every day to work at Eaton's mine but by 1900 there would have only been a few fossickers left. The road was probably deplorable and the Dunns Creek crossing may have been too difficult to bridge so at about that time Dunns Creek Rd was diverted along the west bank of Dunns Creek to Melway 165 F9 and then headed south east to the bottom of G9, where it ran east with a short turn to the north east as it met Junction Rd just south of No 8 Junction Rd. From there, travellers would turn right to continue eastward along Craig Avon Lane.

Land fronting the new road on the west side was sold to William Joseph McIlroy(whose diary supplied much information for Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL)in 1902 and Caroline Downward on the east side in 1905. Caroline's 118 acres 1 rood 12 perches (called 120 acres in rate records)had a frontage to the closed road of 1475 metres and a similar frontage to the new road. Andrew Fritsch and Charles A Fritsch had land fronting Junction Rd north and south of the new road.

There must have been complaints about the detour south along Junction Rd to Craig Avon Lane and in about 1920 the road was deviated southward from 161 F9 taking its present course along the east bank of Dunns Creek and turning to the north east at Junction Corner to meet the old route at 161 J11. The Balnarring parish map is labelled "C.R.B. 1920 30A (probably Crown allotment) and C70704" on the portion of new road east of Red Hill Rd.

Who was responsible for the new (1920) road? None other than Red Hill identity, William Calder, chairman of the C.R.B.The realignment of Red Hill Rd at Melway 191 C6, in 1921, was probably also the work of William Calder; the original course was along Station St.




BLACK 1919 NURSERY, SURVEY.

G.M.Black of Emerald Nurseries, Upper Packenham was assessed on 747 acres, lot 15, part lot 14 special survey. Lot 14, consisting of 532.875 acres now contains Wallaby Downs (Melway 161 H5) and across Wallaces Rd was section 15, consisting of nearly 354.5 acres between Bulldog Ck and Bulldog Ck Rd.
(Source: Subdivision map of the Clarke Estate in 1907 transposed onto Melway.)

BLAKELEY

Sheila Skidmore gives much detail about William Henry Blakeley in THE RED HILL. He was from Sheffield so it was no surprise that he became a saw maker. Sheila mentions a ship that he purchased in partnership with Captain Moore to carry firewood to Melbourne and return with supplies; it was wrecked when it was swept back onto sandbanks a long way offshore after setting sail from Dromana in a strong northerly. (See MOORE entry.)

As mentioned in my journal THE RED HILL, William Henry Blakeley had his premises in Melbourne at 115 Lonsdale St. Sheila Skidmore mentions that William Henry Blakeley bought and extended the post office, adding a bakery that was probably never used. This work was said to have been carried out for the benefit of his son-in-law, George Cousins. Having seen the name written elsewhere as Cussens, I searched and found the following Silver Wedding notice.
Cussons-Blakeley. On 15 June 1892 at the Methodist Church, Kew, George F.Cussons, only son of George Cussons, Stockport, England to Martha, third daughter of W.H.Blakeley, "Ecclesall?", Elphin grove, Glenferrie. Present address: Commercial bank of Australia, Wycheproof. (Argus 23-6-1917 page 11.) I had gained the impression, from page 23 of THE RED HILL that George and Martha had been married in the late 1870's.Perhaps Blakeley did not buy the post office and extend it until about 1890.

William Henry Blakeley died at his residence, 19 Clarke St, St Kilda on 24-4-1921. His wife's name was Annie and their children were Jenny, Lizzie, Martha, Emily, Florrie, Leslie, Grace and Willie. (Argus 26-4-1921 P 1.) One of the girls must have married Mr Scott. Emily, the fourth daughter who died on 9-4-1955, did not marry but was the fond aunt of Beryl and Tim Scott of 6 Palmerston St, Camberwell. The great coincidence was that Daisy Maria Jarman who lived only 605 metres south of the Blakely land, died on exactly the same day and her death notice was in the same paper.

Sheila states that William Henry Blakely purchased his land from the grantee, R.H.Holding, in 1870. Sheila also stated that Richard Holding was the first teacher at the Red Hill State School in 1873 but only lasted for a short time. Crown Allotment 72A,of 140.5 acres, which was granted to Holding on 20-2-1865, is indicated by the Consolidated School site plus Melway 190 E-F 4. In 1919, William Henry Blakeley (115 Lonsdale St, Melbourne)retained only 80 acres, Thomas Chapman being assessed on the other 60 acres.

The assessments of 29-7-1889 show that William Henry Blakeley was occupying 775 acres in the parish of Wannaeue, that is west of the Mornington-Flinders Road.

Notice is hereby given that William Henry Blakeley and William Hartley have entered into a partnership as sawmakers and ironmongers and the business will be carried on at 116 Russell St under the style of "W.H.Blakeley and Hartley." Dated this 30th day of April, 1878. (Argus 1878 page 8.)

Blakeley did not purchase the Holding grant in 1870 unless the Flinders District Road Board rate collector was way behind the times. I have known rate collectors to be a little slow to change details, such as to record that somebody was leasing from the Crown after the land had been granted. However Robert Henry Holding was assessed on 72A of 140 acres in the assessments of 7-6-1870, 8-6-1871, 11-5-1872 and 14-6-1873. In the assessment of 13-6-1874, William Henry Blakely (sic) was said to be leasing the 140 acres from Joseph Blakely. I think the rate collector made a mistake regarding the owner; he was probably thinking of Joseph Pitcher, the grantee of 72B, also 140 acres, adjoining Blakeley's land on the south.This was the last year of the Road Board as it combined with the Kangerong Road Board to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong.

The Shire's first assessments on 2-10-1875 recorded William Henry Blakeley as the owner and occupier and stated that there were two houses on the property. Henry Ault was leasing Joseph Pitcher's grant to the south.

Hec Hanson was born on 14-2-1913 and when he was about six (I'd say nearly 7 because of the 1919-20 rates) 69 acres of 70B Balnarring at the top end of Tucks Rd was sold to the Lessings from Carrum along with what I presume was William Hopcraft's beautiful old two storey homestead with cherry trees along one side and apple trees along the other. Hec's dad, Alf, had another house built on 20 acres on the north side of the property by Littlejohn the builder, and while this was done the Hansons lived in a house on W.H.Blakeley's property.

I quote Hec."We had to walk to school (from the Tucks Rd property) and did so through the back of Jarman's property. There were plenty of "teddy bears" (koalas)around in those days, especially up on W.H.Blakeley's land." We can visualise Hec's walks to school following the opening of the new school on 16-9-1920. Hec's house was at Melway 150 F9, now the Maritime Estate. The new site was bought from W.A.Holmes and Keith Holmes tells me that it was at 190 H4. The Church of England bought the school at auction on 1-6-1955 and named it St George's.Join the dots!

BOWRING.

John Bowring Journeaux was a grantee of land in the northern part of Balnarring parish. He was probably a descendant of the families of Messrs Bowring and Journeaux of Collingwood who had manufactured some tobacco by blending locally grown and imported product.(Argus 29-11-1864 page 5.) This Mr Bowring was most likely Joseph Paul Bowring who was described as a baker of Wellington St, Collingwood in his wedding announcement (Argus 11-1-1854 page 4.) He became a magistrate and Collingwood councillor. A very interesting coincidence is that a Mr Fritsch was a fellow Collingwood councillor at about the time that Joseph died. As you will see the Fritsch name appears as an entry in this history.

John Journeaux who was a warehouseman (owner, not worker) in Swanston St, and most likely the grantee, was convicted of forgery, the victim apparently being William McIlroy of Dromana, and sentenced to two years jail. (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 12-2-1879 page 2.) Joseph Paul Bowring died at the relatively early age of 54 at his residence, 58 Wellington St, Collingwood.(Illustrated Australian News 12-3-1881.)Joseph Paul Bowring was a man the Red Hill Bowrings would be pleased to claim as an ancestor; he was certainly the type of boss any worker would want. (Argus 2-6-1860 page 5-Letter: The Journeymen Bakers.)

Hopefully Red Hill's Eddie Bowring was not living at Chilwell, aged 21 in 1893. This Edward was charged with a stabbing in Geelong! (Argus 25-9-1893 page 6.) Edward Bowring, the father of Red Hill's Eddie Bowring lived in Mt Alexander Rd, Essendon and it is possible that an uncle had run the Coburg Electrical Service with a Mr Stubbs. Eddie must have arrived in Red Hill in about August 1901 as "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 stated that he had been on his Village Settlement block for twelve months. Why was Thomas Harvey building a house on his block? The details of his crops are in the Village Settlement journal.

Eddie Bowring was no slouch as a cyclist. He had ridden his bike to Melbourne, probably to visit his parents in Essendon, and decided to "open her up" on the way back to Red Hill. He made it in just over three hours!
(Mornington Standard 26-4-1902 page 2.)

March 1903 was a busy month for Eddie. Firstly he was best man in the wedding of Fred Wheeler and Miss Goodman at Brunswick on Friday 6th and then he married Emily, the eldest daughter of Mr T.Harvey "Fernside" Red Hill on the 11th. Eddie was the eldest son of Edward of Essendon. His best man was Will Bowring, late of Red Hill and his groomsman was Mr E.Harvey. The bridesmaids were Sophie Harvey and Gertie Bowring. (Both items, M.S. 21-3-1903.)

George Higgens was a councillor and real estate agent, honoured by oldtimers who named a corner after him. I presume that his daughter, Edna, married(C?).H.Bowring of Red Hill. Their daughter, Aubrey Winifred, was born at the Bush Nursing Hospital, Dromana on 21 November. (Argus 29-11-1930 page 13.) In 1955, her parents,Mr and Mrs E.H.Bowring of "Heathfield", Red Hill announced her engagement to Walter Bruce Kells , from Alexandra. (Argus 14-2-1955 page 9.)

H.Bowring won a prize at the Red Hill Show in 1938. (Argus 27-10-1938 page 9.)

Was there a Dessie Bowring who married a Roberts from Main Ridge? (Births, Roberts, Argus 16-4-1921 page 11.)
Extract from my journal: THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT PIONEERS AT RED HILL.
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the southern half of Prossors Lane (190 J-K6.)
In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A 11.

Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Fred, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.



BROWN 1919.

In the 1919 assessments, Isaac W.Brown of Red Hill was listed as the occupant of 24 acres and buildings, part 9A and 20A, Wannaeue. This makes little sense to me because William G.C.Roberts of Main Creek had all 175 acres of 20A. Crown allotment 9A Wannaeue was part of 626 acres 1 rood and 20 perches in Wannaeue and Fingal granted to M.E.Capples according to the Wannaeue map and M.E.Green according to the Fingal map.

There is no mention of any other occupants of small blocks on 9A but I had seen small blocks specified as being on the Billingham Estate. Then I saw an assessment for (Florence?)A.Bellingham for 147 acres, part 9A,24B Wannaeue, lots 1, 4-8 and part 3.

Crown allotment 9A (Melway 254 E4 and D 5-6 roughly) was a battleaxe block of nearly 216 acres fronting Greens Rd, Limestone Rd and the same part of Baldrys Rd as the Main Ridge Equestrian Ground and Pony Club.It surrounded crown allotment 8 of 161 acres granted to John Baldry, in which the Baldry Circuit Walk follows the southern and western boundary before crossing the creek into 9A.

Crown allotment 24B of 145 acres, another battleaxe block with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd, was granted to Nelson Rudduck. It is roughly indicated by Melway 171 J-K3 and K4. The Billingham Estate therefore consisted of 360 or 361 acres; as 147 acres remained unsold, 214 acres must have been occupied. Apart from Isaac Brown, the only other purchaser (*whose details I transcribed) was Robert G.White of Main Creek who had lot 9 of the Billingham Estate, consisting of 13 acres. (*The 1919-20 rate book is as long as the Bible and many estates were listed separately.)

BULLDOG CREEK RD. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.


BUNTROCK (TRH)

(Standard, Frankston, 31-10-1946, p.4.) SILVER WEDDING. Mr and Mrs E.F.Buntrock have much pleasure in announcing the 25th anniversary of their wedding at Prahran on October 29, 1921. "Thuruna", Red Hill.

BURSTON 1919.

George Burston of Fitzroy had acquired a huge area near Red Hill by 1919. In the West Riding he had 368 acres of the Burrells' Arthurs Seat 640 acre pre-emptive right, and in the Central Riding (Dromana, Red Hill etc) he had 189 acres (part crown allotment 4 section 3 Kangerong), 80 acres (25C Wannaeue), 440 acres (part 28A, 28B Wannaeue). Crown allotments 28A and B Wannaeue comprised 295 acres so you can see how difficult it is to make sense of the assessments at times.These allotments were between Main Creek Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway A-D 5-6.) 25C Wannaeue of 79.6 acres is on the south corner of Pindara Rd and Purves Rd (Melway 171 F-G1 and F2.) The Kangerong land was about two thirds of E.Calwell's 297 acre grant that is now housing near Devon St, Somerset Drive and Manna St and the Hillview Quarry (Melway 159 K 9-12.)

(Ernest, Robert, Robert G and Albert C.White between them were recorded as having three 53 acre blocks on 28A, which rings true because 28A consists of almost 159 acres. Therefore Burston did not have 28A and B.
The 440 acres of land was possibly part of the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right.


CALDER.

In 1919, William Calder of Armadale was assessed on 591 acres in crown allotment 18A and part 17A Kangerong. This information is completely useless because 18A (apparently the homestead block of Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds) consisted of 60 acres and the whole of 17A was only 77 acres. William was also assessed on 43 acres, 13C, Kangerong. (Bottom half of Melway A-B2 and top half of A-B3, bisected by the tributary labelled Dunns Creek. Nashs Lane runs to the midpoint of the southern boundary.) It seems obvious that much of the unexplained 591 acres was former McIlroy land as William John and James McIlroy had 1205 acres in 1910 but their descendants only had 644 acres in 1919.

Also in 1919, S.P.Calder had 12 acres, part 18B. The parish map seems to indicate that he was granted 18C of 22 acres west of Four Winds (east half of 161 A12), which with an unclear tied block made a total of 24 acres; the 12 acre block must have been 18D (the middle longitudinal third of Melway 190 K1)which was surrounded on the east and north by the battleaxe Ringrose grant.
The following is the start of William Calder's biography from the Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Calder, William (18601928)
by Roger J. Southern

William Calder (1860-1928), engineer, was born on 31 July 1860 at his father's sheep-farm at Lovell's Flat, Milton near Dunedin, New Zealand, only son of Arthur Calder and his wife Margaret Milne, ne Strachan. Calder was educated at the local school at Milton and the Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin in 1876-77. From 1881 he attended engineering lectures at Otago University before entering the New Zealand Government Survey Department as a cadet in October 1883; after five years practical training he passed the authorized surveyors' examination with credit in July 1888.

Later that year Calder came to Victoria and worked in private engineering and surveying firms. In October 1889 he became assistant town surveyor for the City of Footscray, and in July 1890 town engineer. At night he studied to gain certificates as municipal engineer (1890) and engineer of water-supply (1892). From December 1897 to March 1913, Calder was city engineer and building surveyor to the City of Prahran. Among his achievements were construction of, allegedly, the first asphalted carpet-road surface and the first refuse destructor in Australia, and the completion of a major drainage project.

By 1912 the appalling condition of Victoria's rural roads was a major concern to both farmers and motorists. That year a Country Roads Board was set up and Calder was appointed chairman, with W. T. B. McCormack and F. W. Fricke as the other members. In its first two years, the board travelled ceaselessly, inspecting a road system neglected by indigent municipalities since the building of the railways. A meticulous note-taker and enthusiastic photographer, Calder recorded the board's progress; his notes were transcribed and used as a basic reference for many years. Maps were published in 1914 and 1915 showing the roads selected for improvement. The board was endlessly tactful in receiving interest groups pressing for various improvements, while insisting on high standards of construction and financial control.


William Calder was Chairman of the C.R.B. until 1928, the year of his death. In 1929, "Four Winds" was sold by George Higgens.
(The Argus 29-10-1929 page 14.) RED HILL PROPERTY SOLD. Late Mr W.Calder's Home. The country home known as The Four Winds at Red Hill, which was the property of the late Mr William Calder, chairman of the Country Roads Board, has been purchased by Mr E.E.Thompson of Flete avenue, Malvern. The house is modern in design and construction, and has fine grounds, to the improvement of which Mr Calder devoted much of his leisure time. The sale was made through the agency of Mr George Higgens of Red Hill.

William Calder died at the home of his son-in-law (Mr Lewis)on 18th February, 1928.(Argus 20-2-1928, page 1.)
The Frankston and Somerville Standard reported on page 1 of its 11-1-1929 issue that the Melbourne to Mildura road via Bendigo formerly known as the North-western Highway was to be renamed the Calder Highway as a tribute to William Calder, who was a good friend of the peninsula (more). William did not spend all of his leisure time on the gardens at Four Winds. He was Chairman of the Red Hill Show Committee and unfortunately I haven't been able to locate a great article that I read over a year ago about the void that had been left by his death and how the other members of the committee had taken on extra workloads to ensure a successful show.

See the RAILWAY OPENING entry re William Calder.




CALDWELL.

The Caldwell name appears on many parish maps as far north as Somerville. This would indicate that the family had plenty of money, but this came to an end in 1891 due to the depression, and without any experience, the family planted an orchard at Somerville, with the trees far too close together. (Mornington Standard 2-7-1896 page 3.) I've forgotten the name of the nursery they established there (perhaps it's in my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC journal) but I remember that they were the first to export fruit trees to China.

I this work, I will concentrate on the Caldwell grants in the parishes of Balnarring and Kangerong. John Caldwell was mentioned in the BALNARRING PIONEERS entry. He had 225 acres which could not be in the parish of Kangerong. He had 34A (almost 132 acres granted on 11-2-1876) and 35A(a bit over 94 acres granted on 4-4-1875, in the parish of Balnarring, which fronted the east side of Merricks Rd from Stanleys Rd to the Frankston-Flinders Rd (roughly Melway 192 E6 and F 7-9.) His frontage to the south side of Stanleys Rd was 883 metres and the southern boundary of 35A was only 170 metres along Frankston-Flinders Rd. As you can see, these two grants make up the 225 acres on which John was assessed on 8-6-1869.

In the parish of Kangerong, Robert Caldwell was granted 10 B of about 172 1/2 acres on 30-1-1868. This allotment is south of Tumbywood Rd (Melway 160 F-J 12)with an Arthurs Seat Rd frontage of only 214 metres east of Sheehans Rd.
E.Caldwell was granted Crown Allotment 4, section 3, consisting of almost 298 acres. Today this allotment consists of the Hillview Quarry land and a subdivision of Spencer Jackson's off Boundary Rd with streets named after counties and Jackson himself. (Melway 159 J-K 9-12.)Caldwell Rd (159 G 9-10), the west boundary of "Gracefield", honours the Caldwell family.
W.Caldwell was granted Crown Allotment 2 of section 2 of 167 acres. This allotment is bisected by Shergolds Lane and extends 200 metres on each side of this road.(Roughly F 6-9.) This member of the Caldwell clan was presumably about to leave the colony at the end of 1858 when the 167 acre allotment was advertised by Alexander Young and Co. with the title being a Crown grant.(Argus 31-12-1858 page 2, column 4.)


CHAMBERS AND STEANE ESTATE, Melbourne, 1919.

In the centre riding the Chambers and Steane Estate, whose address was in Melbourne, was assessed on 32 acres crown allotment (6?)D and 20 acres, part 29A, section B, Wannaeue. In the West Riding, Chambers and Steane were assessed on 84 acres, lots 29-33 and 39-47, part crown allotments 31C and 31D Wannaeue.

The 32 acre land is a mystery. I thought that it was probably in Crown allotment 6 of section 1 Kangerong,
with D being my abbreviation for Dromana, but Archibald Vine Shaw had 18 of its 37 acres.Section D (suburban blocks)is between Tower Rd and the chairlift line on the western boundary of Arthurs Seat State Park but no two allotments total 32 acres.

Crown allotment 29A, section B, Wannaeue, consisting of 331 acres and granted to Ben Hards, is bounded by Main Creek Rd, Arthurs Seat Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 190 B-D 3-4.)

Crown allotments 31 C and D , granted to Dromana pioneer, John Townsend, and consisting of 147 acres altogether, is bounded by Hove Rd, Bayview/Old Cape Schanck Rd, Waterfall Gully Rd and Rosebud Ave (Melway 170 G 4-5.)

CHAPMAN 1919 Bal.

Thomas Chapman, Red Hill, was assessed on 60 acres and buildings, part 9A and 72A, Balnarring. The only way I can make sense of 9A, is crown allotment 9 of section A, Dromana Township. Consisting of 2 roods (half an acre) this was on the west corner of Grant St and Latrobe Pde (Melway 159 E8.) CROWN ALLOTMENT 9 BALNARRING IS IN BITTERN NORTH!

Crown allotment 72A Balnarring was Robert Henry Holding's grant (Melway 190 E-F4) which became William Henry Blakeley's 140 acres and on which the Consolidated School is situated. In 1919, Blakeley had 80 acres and Thomas Chapman the rest.

Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA had much information about the Chapmans.
Thomas Chapman (1868-1941) was the second child of George Chapman, the founder of "Seawinds" on Arthurs Seat. The Dromana block was probably where George, who died in 1898, lived while he was hauling timber off Arthurs Seat in 1862 although he later bought land and built a house near James St or Thomas St in Dromana (Melway 159 H7.)
The triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerstone Ave,Crown Allotment 1, Section 1 Kangerong, consisted of 43 acres.In 1910, Edith Chapman, farmer, Red Hill, was assessed on a lot on this triangle and I believe that the streets on it were named by, or in in honour of, the Chapmans. Thomas St could be named after Red Hill's Thomas,George St after his father or Dromana's blacksmith, and James St after younger brother James (1863-1953) who established Belmont Guest House in Dromana.
When Thomas was about 8, George moved to Arthurs Seat and cleared his selection over the years with the help of John (1866-1901), Thomas and James. John and James were lured by the gold rush of the 1890's in Western Australia, while James stayed on Sea Winds, and they established a water condensing enterprise in Kalgoorlie. Thomas returned to Red Hill, becoming an orchardist and serving as a councillor . When John died in Bunbury, his wife Edith, nee Sheehan returned with their little daughter to her family at Red Hill.
Thomas Chapmans youngest sister, Janet, born in 1877, lived with Thomas and Kate at Red Hill and later at Frankston.

There was an obituary for Mrs T.Chapman on page 4 of the Standard (Frankston) of 7-3-1941. She had died at her residence, Beach St, Frankston on March 1st.She and her husband were old residents of Red Hill and since moving to Frankston had been involved with the Presbyterian Church. She left behind her husband, two daughters and one son. (Thomas obviously died soon after if Colin McLear's details were right.) The pall bearers were Crs Rudduck and Higgins (sic*) and Messrs J.J.Griffiths, R.Holmes, J.Watson, E.Trewin. The funeral was at the Frankston Cemetery with Messrs E.Turner, V.C.Francis, E.Haig and C.J.Clarke as coffin bearers.(*George Higgens.)

Colin McLear's claim that Thomas became a councillor was correct (although the road board had become a shire by then!) The details of his election to fill the vacancy caused by Cr Nowlan's death were on page 2 of the 19-9-1908 issue of the Mornington and Dromana Standard.Despite (Andrew?) Buchanan gaining a huge majority at the Flinders booth, Thomas achieved landslides the other way at Red Hill and Dromana to win 109 to 91.
P.S. It was Andrew Buchanan that Thomas defeated.

Thomas was sometimes distracted from his orchard and council affairs by poultry matters such as his prize white leghorns (M&D Standard 29-9-1909 page 2.) Thomas died on December 21, 1941 and his obituary was on page 1 of the Standard (Frankston) of 2-1-1942. His son's name was Edgar. Pall bearers and coffin bearers are listed. The Turner, Francis and Haig families appear to have been close to Thomas and Kate.

Having seen that Mr Chapman often conducted Methodist services at Red Hill, I was puzzled about Thomas and Kate's association with the Presbyterian Church at Frankston until I found that the lay preacher was H.W.Chapman.

Thomas Chapman was heavily involved with the Dromana Literary Society (Mornington Standard 21-7-1892 page 2) and the Dromana and Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society.



CLEAVE 1919.

Mrs Mary Cleave, probably a widow, was assessed on 24 acres and buildings, part 20C, Wannaeue. (See ADCOCK.) See the SHEEHAN entry re Reg Sheehan's poem "In Memory of the Late Albert Cleave".

W.Cleave was a member of the Red Hill Rifle Club. (Mornington Standard 9-9-1905 p.5.)

CLEINE 1919 K & Bal.

Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
In 1879, Charles Cleine was leasing 50 acres from the Crown. In 1900, Charles Cleine had 52 acres and Thomas Henry Cleine 45 acres, both in Kangerong. Karl Cleine had 30 acres at Red Hill, north of Perry Rd in 1919. One of the Cleine girls married Alec Clydesdale.

Extract from my journal THE RED HILL.
Charles, the first of the Cleine family came from Groningen, now part of Holland. He ran away from home at the age of 12 to avoid compulsory military training and retained his pacifist belief which caused arguments at Cleine's Corner between him and Mr (CHARLES?) White. He had a certificate for a donkey engine and worked for L.L.Smith building bridges. He married and had a large family. A little grave near the homestead site in the valley is marked by moss roses.


The 1919-20 assessments reveal the location of the Cleine land at that time. Karl had 30 acres and buildings, part of crown allotment 14A, Kangerong. This allotment, of 103 acres and granted to William McIlroy on 8-1-1889, was east of (and parallel to, and of 25% more depth than) the Kindilan Society land, with its south east corner on Mechanics Rd near the C.F.A. Fire Station. The properties of 50 or 52 acres and 45 acres must have been absorbed by 1919, so their locations cannot be determined.

A phone call to Keith Holmes revealed that Charles Cleine married Elizabeth, the daughter of the original McIlroy. Cleine's Corner is the corner of Arthurs Seat and McIlroys Rd. The moss covered grave and homestead were on crown allotment 14A, north of Cleine's Corner.

The 50 acres earlier leased from the Crown may have been near the sites of the Two Bays Estate and Foxy's Hangout Wineries at Melway 190 J2. The state school and Mr Wiseman's blacksmith shop were near this location according to Keith. They would have been on crown allotment 18 Kangerong which seems to have been surveyed as suburban blocks in the original Red Hill Township. The Cleines were still in this area in 1902. Thomas Cleine had 8 acres of young orchard and extensive strawberry patches on his block, which was described as being opposite the state school and blacksmith shop and opposite the Arkwells. This orchard seems to have been across White Hill Rd from the winery site (on 10B Kangerong, granted to Robert Caldwell and seemingly subdivided by 1879.)

On our history tour, Bill Huntley told me of land the Cleines had near Fenton Hall at the north end of Merricks Rd; they also had a saw mill in the area.

CLEMENTS 1919

The 1919-20 assessments show that Owen Clements had recently bought bought 45 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 26A, Kangerong, from Martha Clydesdale. It was actually the whole of 26A, granted to James Clydesdale, today situated between the Dromana-Red Hill boundary and Gibb Rd (which starts at the midpoint of the Bittern rd frontage.) Martha Clydesdale now had 20 acres in E.Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 4, section 3, Kangerong. (See the description of the location of E.Caldwell's grant under CALDWELL.)

CLYDESDALE (See CLEMENTS entry.)

Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
CLYDESDALE (Extract from Peninsula Dictionary History.)
www.genealogy.kirkpatrickaustralia.com
The above source gives the following details.
James Clydesdale was the son of William Clydesdale (born 1790 at Glasgow) and Janet (nee Muir, born 21-1-1794 at Gorbals.) Gorbals was probably close to Glasgow; both are in Lanarkshire. James whose first given name was William, according to his death certificate, was born on 1-11-1817 and died on 15-8-1902, the burial taking place three days later at Dromana Cemetery.
On 10-1-1850 in Melbourne, he married Julia (nee Cahill) who was born in 1831 at New Ross, County Wexford, Ireland. Julia outlived James by almost 8 years and died at Dromana on 4-8-1910. I hope Julia didnt aspire to an hourglass figure because she had 14 children in the first 23 years of their marriage. Dates and places of their childrens births and deaths are available on the website. (Google: Clydesdale kangerong).
They seem to have been in Melbourne until at least July 1852 and at Footscray in 1854 and 1855. Perhaps James was involved in George Spottiswoodes bluestone enterprises. (Spotswood was named after him.) If so, it would have been good practice for the gold mining that Bernard Eaton conducted near James grant three decades later.
From 1856 to 1859, James and Julia were probably living in a tent at Canvas Town at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne). The gold rush was in full swing and those lucky enough to own lodging houses could let rooms to the highest bidder. No matter how menial the work that James was doing, he would have been getting good pay. The high wages being demanded by workers outraged their pre- gold rush masters. Now they had to dress themselves, clean and cook or pay until it hurt. Luckily for the toffs the huge numbers returning from the diggings with empty pockets soon created a surplus of labour and the tables were turned.
James and Julia were at East Creek, Westernport when their first child, Jane Ann died on 11-6-1860 at 9 years and four months of age. They were probably at todays Merricks or Red Hill South, the Melway references for East Creek. They had previously lost Mary Ann, Margaret and William before they had taken their first steps.
By September they had moved to Mount Martha and James could have been leasing land. Hearn and Big Clarke had combined their land holdings to create the Mount Martha Sheep Station, Clarke having bought part of Jamiesons Special Survey. Henry Dunn had been leasing land from both Hearn and Jamieson in the late 1840s and by the time James arrived, Dunn had been replaced by Cottier, Griffith, Eaton, Peatey and others. James and Julia would become their neighbours.
The child whose birth on 4-9-1860 was registered at Mt Martha was given the name of Martha. Was this coincidence intentional? Lillie (Lily?) Eleanor was born in about 1862. Susan Peatey, a midwife and neighbour, delivered their tenth child, Emma, on 17-4-1864 at Jamiesons Special Survey. Susan recorded the fathers occupation as mariner and the mothers age as 27. (According to the website details, Julia should have been 33!) James was probably working for Peter Pidota who was fishing between jobs transporting timber about the bay.
The next child, George, was born on 20-8-1867 and died later that year. The remaining children were probably all born on the Survey although the last two were registered at Dromana.
They were:
Alice Maud Mary b.28-10-1868 JSS.
Henry John b. Nov. 1871, Dromana.
Alexander b. 1873, Dromana.
As well as Mary Ann, Margaret, William, Jane Ann, George and Thomas who all died young, Colin McLear did not mention any of the girls by name, only that one of them married Mr Davis of Red Hill. The husband might have been Frederick, Henry, James or Jonathan Davis who appear to be the sons of Jonathan Davis. The bride was possibly Lily (D.1931 at Dromana) as rate records indicate that Martha remained unmarried. However it might be that the death details of Catherine, or Alice Maud Mary are missing on the website because the researcher didnt know about Mr Davis.
The other girl, Emma Sophia, died in Hotham in 1900. I wonder if she married a son of Walter Gibsons brother, Thomas. James W. and Thomas Henry Gibson had land either side of Purves Rd at the end of Waterfall Gully Rd in 1900 but both lived in Melbourne; James at Carlton and Thomas at Northcote. By 1910, both were dairymen, James at North Melbourne (Hotham) and Thomas at Balwyn.
On 7-5-1884, James Clydesdale received the grant for lot 26A of Kangerong, consisting of 45 acres. (Melway 161 A7) He had selected this land prior to September 1879 when the rate collector called it 50 acres. On its western side was Alf Harrisons 63 acres with the 100 acre farm of George and Susan Peaty between Alf and Harrisons Rd. To the east of Clydesdales grant was land owned by McIlroy and Downward.
Within five years of receiving the title to his farm, James would probably been telling his sons, Harry and James how to dig rock as the three went off to work at Bernard Eatons gold mining operation about a mile to the east near Dunns Creek.
James Jnr married Martha Ellen, the daughter of Charles Dyson and their children were Bill (killed at Gallipoli), Bob,Harry, Jack and Kitty. Alec married Miss Cleine from Red Hill and lived in a cottage with bead-screened doors, on the corner of Heales and Hodgkinson St, Dromana. He was a longtime employee of the council forming and repairing the roads.
Among the members of the Dromana Sports Club in 1914 when it conducted a race meeting were W. Clydesdale, Harry Clydesdale, R. Clydesdale and Alec Clydesdale. In 1927 Bob, Alec and Harry Clydesdale were still committeemen. Jack Clydesdale was a member of the Dromana football team that won the 1939 premiership. Jimmy Clydesdale was a leg spinner not afraid to give the ball a bit of air in a purple patch for Dromana following WW2 and was a good half forward for the footy team at that time.
James Jnr and Martha lived in Lyndhurst in Pier St and raised their family there.
Photos of James and Julia Clydesdale are on P.157 of Dreamtime of Dromana which contains more family details.
My transcription of the 1864 and 1865 rates shows no entries for James Clydesdale. In 1864 he may have been living in the hut that Peter Pidota had for his workers near the Carrigg St corner. In 1865, he could have been living at Maryfield working for Mary Ann McLear. Later he and Julia had a house on the survey (Safety Beach) near Clyde St before moving to the Bittern Rd property. Postscript. James Clydesdale should have been assessed in 1864. See the birth deails for Emma given previously.
Rate assessments transcribed follow.
1879. James Clydesdale, farmer, 50 acres, Kangerong.
1900. James Clydesdale, 48 acres Kangerong.
1910. Alexander Clydesdale, labourer, Dromana, 48 acres and buildings, Kangerong.
James William Clydesdale, Dromana, one lot and buildings.
Martha Elizabeth Clydesdale, Dromana, 20 acres, part 4 of 3.
1920. Robert Clydesdale, Dromana, land and buildings, Pier St, part crown allotment 4, section 1
Harry Clydesdale, Dandenong, half acre, Pier St, ditto
Alexander Clydesdale, Dromana, half acre and buildings, section 14, Dromana.

CONNELL.

Extract from my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC.
James Connell received the grant for allotment 12 near the boundary with Kangerong and Bittern parishes. It was possibly Anthony or James whose rates on 50 acres and a hut in Dromana were paid for him by Wilson at the deathknock on 20-1-1865. The rate collector didnt know much. As well as not knowing the given names of Connell and Wilson, he didnt realize that the name Dromana only applied to land west of McCulloch St.
Colin McLear tells us the following. The Connells were tenants on Jamiesons Special Survey in 1851 or shortly thereafter. (Anthony Connells block was probably near the one later occupied by Henry Wilson.) A descendant of Anthonys was a silent partner of Jack Rudduck in Mornington Station in the Kimberleys in the 1950s. Mornington Station was near Fitzroy Crossing 300 miles inland from Derby.
The Connell and White children were among the pupils of a school that operated near the Hickinbotham Winery site in the early 1850s. This school may have closed when the teachers wife died or because two private schools had been opened in Dromana by Quinan and Nicholson. Its closure was probably the impetus for the establishment of a school in Moorooduc.
Anthony Connell was obviously the forerunner of the Connell family in the area. He received the grants for allotments 27 and 29, totaling 337 acres, all or part of which became the rifle range.
In 1910, James Connell, a farmer of Mornington, was leasing 238 acres (lots 3-6 of Bruces) and James Connell, a farmer of Tuerong, was leasing 230 acres (lots 1,2 of Bruces.) This land was just south of Ellerina Rd in the parish of Kangerong. I presume that would be James senior and James junior. Bruces was the northern section of the Survey fronting the Sea Lane, which is now called Bruce Rd, and is the boundary between Kangerong and Moorooduc parishes.


Anthony Connell's grants in the parish of Moorooduc, crown allotments 29 and 27, with a frontage of 1680 metres on the east side of Three Chain Road (Old Moorooduc Rd) from opposite No. 235 to opposite the Vineyard Lane corner (the south boundary of the Tuerong pre-emptive right)consisted of nearly 338 acres and had a Balnarring Rd frontage of 310 metres at the north east corner.(Melway 151 J8 to 152 A-B 6.) In 1873 Anthony was granted C.A. 11A bounded by Gillett Rd on the north, which is now the Tuerong Reserve.(152 C6.) When the property was sold, Connells were the auctioneers.

A Connell family living in Red Hill in the 1890's must have lost their rabbit's foot. Firstly their little girl was badly burnt as a result of her brother playing with matches (Mornington Standard 18-4-1895 page 2) and then Mr Connell was in hospital receiving treatment for his eyes by the end of 1896(M.S. 24-12-1896, P.3.)
Two young Davey girls of Marysville, Frankston (Davey's Bay)had collected donations as a Christmas present for the distressed family and the donations were to be forwarded on to Mr (H.P.)Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill.
The family was referred to in the first article as living near Red Hill so perhaps they were near Merricks North and Forest Lodge. As Henry Pearce Davies was involved as secretary of the Balnarring sports committee (My DISCOVERING DAVEY journal)it is possible that this family was in the parish of Bittern where J.(John?) Connell had a grant across Balnarring Rd from Anthony's. My journal also reveals that the hospitalised father was William Connell.(Mornington Standard 12-11-1896 P.3 and 10-12-1896 P.3.)

Cr Davies asked the council to provide some relief for the family and H.P.Davey pointed out that the father had previously been unable to work for six months before his eyesight problems emerged and the large family, with the oldest child only 15, was living on bread and water. (Mornington Standard 17-12-1896 P.3, F&K SHIRE.)

Evelyn Connell, daughter of Mrs Connell of Red Hill, died on 24 April, 1910 from pneumonia at the age of 19 and was buried at Mornington Cemetery. She was one of a set of triplets. (Mornington and Dromana Standard 30-4-1910 P.2.) Miss R.Connell was a member of the Red Hill Literary ans Social Club, rendering items along with Charles and Mrs Thiele, Tom Sandilants' wife, H.McIlroy, W.Simpson and Mr Prosser (sic).(Mornington Standard 29-8-1903 p.3.)

In 1900, William Connell was assessed on 8 acres Kangerong. The man who first appealed for help for William's family, A.E.Bennett, was living on Kent Orchard at the time. Kent Orchard, later owned by the Huntleys was on Kentucky Rd (Melway 191 H 1.)

Although no details were given, Evelyn Mary (Evie) Connell who died on 11-12-1900 might have been the mother of Evelyn (above) and thus Mrs Connell of Red Hill and William's wife.



COUNCILLORS.

The following councillors represented the area near Red Hill. This list was compiled from LIME LAND LEISURE (History of the Shire of Flinders) over a year ago so I have missed some names such as Cr (Andrew?) Haig (see RAILWAY OPENING entry.) Keith Desmond Holmes 1965-1973; John Baldry 1890-1901; John Caldwell 1875-6; Edmond James Callanan 1895-1903, John Davies 1894-1914; Arthur Ralph Ditterich 1961-4; Alf Downward 1888-93; (G.G.A?)Downward 1956-9; Herbert Downward 1916-9, Alf Head 1880-8; John Oswin 1887-9; William Oswin 1902-5; Robert Wighton 1875-6. Alf Downward sat for many years simultaneously on three Shire Councils (Flinders, Frankston and Hastings and Mornington, which had been formerly been the west riding of F&H.)
(See HOLLAND, CHAPMAN entries.)

CRAIG AVON LANE. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.

DANIEL.

In 1879, Charles Daniel, farmer was leasing 60 acres from B.Ringrose. This was the same land, 18B Kangerong, on which Arthur E.Hill was assessed in 1900. (See HILL entry.) Charles may have been the pioneer of "Narbonne" in the Shire of Bulla, two of whose descendants were Shire Secretaries.

DAVEY.

The first time I saw this name in ratebooks, I wondered if there was any connection with the Frankston pioneers. Tonight I have examined this possibility. Many websites about Frankston provide identical information about James Davey having a run south of Olivers Hill along the Daveys Bay coast and old man Davey (named as William on one site) building a house on Olivers Hill. Strangely I seem to be the first person to wonder if the two were related.They were, as shown by the Kessell family tree re the pedigree of Davey, Frankston Mornington. William, because of whom Olivers Hill was first named Old man Davey's Hill, was born in 1795 in Cornwall and was buried in lovely Frankston in 1880.(His father James, was buried in an obviously less lovely place called Mousehole, Cornwall!)
His son James, born in 1820, who married before leaving Cornwall, died on 13-7-1884 at Frankston. It might have been his grand daughters, Ethel 16 or Elsie 6, and Fanny 6, who were the Misses E. and F.Davey of Marysville, Frankston reported as having collected money for the destitute Connells of Red Hill. The really interesting thing is that the money was to be sent to Mr Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill. This was H.P.Davey who was the light and life of Red Hill for ten years before moving to St Kilda and working for Sands and McDougall in Melbourne.

DAVIDSON.

Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
W.DAVIDSON. 74k of 17 acres opposite Centrepoint (north east quarter of Melway 191 A7.)

W.Davidson was assessed in 1902-3 (see 74i.), but the rate collector was confused.Unless my transcription was faulty, the Davidson block was not mentioned in "Around Red Hill" written in August, 1902. By 1919, 74K was occupied by Mrs Frances Edwards.
Mrs Davidson was "Dolly" Nash, who could not move one of her arm and always had it clad in a stocking.Mr Davidson's sister married a Cavanagh from Balnarring.(Keith Holmes.)

A very confused entry in the 1910-11 rates indicates that rates on a property were to be written off. The property, of 60 acres, 18A Kangerong, seems to have been leased by Jonathon Davis and to be the estate of William Davidson, care of Mrs Edwards of Red Hill. The land,on the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd, had been granted to Henry Dunn and formed all or part of his "Four Winds". The block was almost square with its western boundary extending to a point opposite Tumbywood Rd.

DAVIES/DAVIS.

Rate collectors often confused these two surnames.

Margaret Davies was the grantee of 13 A and B, Kangerong of 129 acres 3 roods and 31 perches, east of Andrews Lane, the Kindilan Society land being its eastern part and indicating the northern extent of her land. It seems to have been granted on 28-8-1877 but there is no mention of her in the 1879 rates.


In 1919, assessments were recorded in the centre riding for the following Red Hill residents.
Jonathon Davies, 28 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 19 Kangerong; Henry Davies, 42 acres and buildings, part C.A.10B, Kangerong; Frederick Davies, 33 acres, part C.A. 10B, Kangerong.
In 1910, the record shows basically the same Red Hill residents:
Frederick Davis, orchardist, 35 acres Kangerong; Henry Davis, labourer, 43 acres Kangerong; Mrs Fanny Davis, orchardist,4 acres and buildings; Jonathan Davis,orchardist, 28 acres Kangerong.
The 1900 assessment read: Frederick Davis 35 acres K; Henry Davis 43 acres K; James Davis 4 acres and building K; and Jonathan Davis 28 acres K.

One might safely assume that the family's surname was DAVIS but it's better to be safe than sorry.Jonathan Davis was recorded in the 1879 rates and thankfully the rate collector gave good detail, although property loctions were not given. Jonathan Davis, labourer, owned two properties. He owned and occupied 280 acres, Kangerong and James Davis, labourer, was renting a building and four acres, Kangerong from him. It is my guess that the 280 acres consisted of 10B, Kangerong of nearly 172 .5 acres (granted to Robert Caldwell who was not assessed) and 97 acres of Charles Golding's grant on the other(northern) side of Tumbywood Rd, Golding retaining only 130 of its 252.7 acres.

The family became involved in the community quickly, especially the Wesleyan congregation. Jonathan Davis was an original trustee of the church which was erected on land donated by James Wheeler near the post office in 1884. The first wedding to take place after the first service on 25-1-1885 was that of Jonathan Davis and Elizabeth Kemp. The first christening was that of their daughter, Henrietta Charlotte. (T.R.H. page 31.)

"Around Red Hill", an article which appeared on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902, gives the following details about the Davis farms. Jonathan Davis had 40 acres facing the Port Phillip side with 6 acres of young (fruit) trees. He was also dairying on 60 acres leased from Mrs Strong.

(The 1900 assessments reveal that Mrs Maude Strong was leasing the 60 acre farm from trustees. This 60 acre farm may have been "Four Winds", Henry Dunn's grant at the south corner of McIlroys and White Hill Rds; it might have been purchased from the Strong executors by William Davidson, a Village Settlement pioneer who had died and whose rates were to be written off, the rate collector being unaware that Edward Bowring was assessed on the same property, 18A Kangerong. The only other 60 acre property in 1910 was Alf Harrison's and this was a mistake because 27B Kangerong on Dunns Creek Rd east of Harrisons Rd actually consisted of just over 63 acres. Maude Strong's 60 acre farm was not the Ringrose battleaxe grant (18B) south of the "Four Winds" grant, which was occupied in 1900 by Arthur E.Hill.)

The article stated that James Davis had 5 acres under fruit and that F. and H.Davis, who were between Mr Hill's and Arkwells' (hence about Melway 190 J1), were mainly growing potatoes, with a yield of 10 tons to the acre, but also maize, peas and strawberries.

A search for DAVIES, RED HILL revealed that there was a Davies family of Red Hill, but this was a very old property called Red Hill Farm near Woodend! A search for DAVIS, RED HILL confirmed that DAVIS was definitely the surname of these Red Hill pioneers. The end of 1904 was not a happy time for the family. Jonathan Davis had suffered from a serious illness for five months and was in a critical condition when the Red Hill residents organised a Jonathan Davis relief fund. (Mornington Standard 19-11-1904 page 5, 3-12-1904 page 2.)

It is my guess that James Davis was the father of Jonathan and that Mrs Fanny Davis was his mother.





DOWNWARD
Alfred Downward's land in the local area was mainly at Tubbarubba and there would be much information about him in books such as The Golden Plains of Tubbarubbarel. Despite his efforts at representing the residents of the peninsula, it is amazing how many of them thought his surname was Downard.

The following is verbatim from the Parliament of Victoria website.
Downward, Alfred

Born 1847 (Melbourne, Victoria)
Died 26 June 1930. (Mornington)
Parents: Edward and Elizabeth
Marriage: 1879 Hawthorn, Josephine Kerr; 1s. 2d.
Occupation: Grazier
Religion: Church of England
Education: Prahran and from 1855 Mornington

Career: Worked on father's sheep farm at Balnarring; from 1874 ran sheep on his own selection at Tubbar Rubba; took great interest in land settlement and development of the Peninsula. Member Flinders and Kangerong shire council for 25 years, president 1890-1892; also councillor and president Mornington shire.
House Electorate Start * End *
MLA Mornington October 1894 November 1929
Unseated and re-elected Jan 1895.
Other seats contested: Mornington 1877, 1886, 1889, 1892
Appointments: Minister Water Supply and minister Agric. 31 Oct 1908-8 Jan 1909; minister Mines, minister Forests, minister Public Health and vice-president Board Land & Works 29 Nov 1917-21 Mar 1918; president Board Land & Works, commissioner Crown Lands and Surveys and minister Immigration 18 Nov 1924-20 May 1927


(Argus 28-6-1930 page 20.) MR ALFRED DOWNWARD. DEATH AT MORNINGTON. FORMER STATE MINISTER.
The death occurred last night of Mr Alfred Downward, who represented Mornington in the Legislative Assembly for 35 years. He retired in October last year. Mr Downward, who was aged 83, held portfolios in three Ministries. He was a member of the Country Party.

Mr Downward became seriously ill following a chill he received when attending the funeral of the late Mr Henry Tuck, an old friend, at Flinders, last Saturday. The funeral will leave his residence, Redwood, Mornington, at half past 2 o'clock tomorrow afternoon for Mornington Cemetery.

Mr Downward was the oldest member of the Legislative Assembly when he retired. On many occasions he successfully contested the Mornington seat against newcomers, and several times was returned unopposed. Before entering Parliament in 1894, Mr Downward took an active part in municipal affairs, and in one year was the President of both of the shires which covered the Peninsula at that time.

The article goes on to mention the three ministries were those of Tommy Bent, Bowser and Allan, that Alfred was a noted amateur rider in his youth and that the Deputy Leader, in expressing his regret, stated that much of the Peninsula's development was due to Alfred.

Alfed's residence in Mornington, Redwood, was so named because of a natural stand of Redwood Gums at the western end of Downward St. Pitt St and Downward St were named after two of Alfred's daughters, the last members of the family to live in Redwood, Mrs Pitt being a widow and Ivy Downward a spinster. There is much more detail about Redwood and Red Gum Flat(Melway 154 D2) near the end of my THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. Joan Downward has the newspaper article about the Redwood Gums and much information about the Downward family's earlier involvement in Tasmania. (If you would like the extract from The Female Drover or to get in touch with Joan, send me a private message.)

Some of Alfred's land on the east side of Bulldog Creek Rd was formerly reserved from sale and was the site of the Tubbarubba diggings. Bulldog Creek Rd was supposed to run south to Myers Rd and was the eastern boundary of Jamieson's Special Survey. The northern 1000 acres of the Survey belonged to the family of John Bruce, son in law of Big Clarke who owned the rest. By 1900 Alfred and Caroline Downward were leasing much of the Clarke land and when it was sold circa 1907, they bought many of the lots. In 1910, as well as their land in the East Riding(parish of Balnarring), Alfred Downward owned 270 acres (lot 12 Clarke's) and Herbert Downward 120 acres (Clarke's) and 508 acres (lots 16, 17 Clarke's.)

Lot 12 was on the north side of Dromana-Bittern Rd with its south west corner over the road from number 665 and its north east corner at the bend in Wallaces Rd in Melway 161 C3. Lots 16 and 17, 508 acres 1 rood and 37 perches, were on the north side of Wallaces Rd and west of Bulldog Creek from 161 C-F 2 north to where an eastern extension of the south boundary of the Martha Cove waterway through McKenzies' Junction meets Bulldog Creek (north east corner of lot 16.) The north west corner of lot 17 is at the middle of the top of 151 C12.

The 1919-20 rates specify Herbert's 120 acres as being part 9A and 24,Kangerong and the 1910-11 rates(assessment number 114) specify that the 120 acre block was on "Clarke's".
The 1910 entry reads "Caroline Downward,owner C.Downward, 120 acres pt.9A,24 .. (the ditto under Clarke's in the previous entry.)

Here's a question for you. How can you make "Crown Allotment" look like 9A? The rate collector knew the answer. He wrote C/A but with a longer slash that he joined to the top of the C. It had me puzzled until I had been transcribing rate records for about two weeks in August 2010. However two years later I had forgotten his clever trick! I spent ages writing about lot 24 in Clarke's subdivision, including the fact that Caroline could only have owned 30 acres of it. But I couldn't account for 9A; and then the penny dropped!

It should have been read as "part crown allotment 24" and the dittos were a careless error. Thus I had wasted two hours. However, the rate collector's carelessness has led to the BITTERN-DROMANA RD entry and detail about the Downward land east of Bulldog Creek/Junction/Red Hill Rds. Details of Caroline (later Herbert's) 120 acres are given in the BITTERN-DROMANA RD entry.

DOWNWARD LAND IN THE EAST RIDING.
The Golden Plains of Tubbarubbel gives detail of the names of the various farms and family members.

1900-1.(All in the parish of Balnarring, west of Balnarring Rd.)
Alf 716 acres, Caroline 176 acres, Emma 500 acres, Herbert (Maria crossed out)400 acres,
John Campbell Downward 22 Bal. 312 acres. (See below re J.C.D.)

1910-11. Alf 356 acres Bittern (east of Balnarring Rd), Alf 240 acres Balnarring, Herb 176 acres Balnarring, Emma 500 acres Balnarring.

J.C.D. There was a John Campbell associated with Dromana, circa 1861 and the building(with William Cottier) of the original Rye Hotel a few years later,and perhaps another ,or the same, who was a trustee of Mt Martha Park which was reserved for the Governor's mansion, and another or perhaps the same, who was still associated with the northern area of our shire circa 1890. Sorry I'm so vague but I'm not spending hours just on the off-chance that any of the above was connected with the second given name of John Campbell Downward.The connection could just have easily been the daughter of a pioneer in Tasmania. (A surname used as a child's second given name was usually its mother's maiden name.)

John Campbell Downward was granted crown allotment 22 Balnarring on the north east corner of Stanleys and Merricks Rds. Consisting of 312 acres 2 roods and 23 perches and granted on 23-9-1873, it is indicated by Melway 191 D-E 3-4. Its north west corner was opposite Kentucky Rd and its south east corner was near 40 Stanleys Rd.

There is some information about the Downward grants in the parish of Balnarring, east of Bulldog Creek Rd and the Survey, in my Red Hill Grantees journal. (Also about Alfred's disputed election but I forgot to give the source from Trove. Anyone interested could try these for starters. Argus 13-12-1894 page 6 and 30-11-1894 page 3 and Mornington Standard 20-11-1894 page 3.)

In the late 1930's the Downwards sold their Tubbarubba land, lot 1 (Glengala) and lots 2,3,7 and 8 to John Sherwin. (THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)



EATON.

Colin McLear states that Abraham Griffith was a Quaker from Philadelphia and master of a whaler who settled on the Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers. His wife's name was Rebecca. She was the executrix of Watson Eaton and the grant for the 150 acre grant which he had selected before his death in 1877 (west of the Red Hill end of Eatons Cutting Rd)was issued in Rebecca's name.I will not repeat the information in "A Dreamtime of Dromana" unless the book cannot be borrowed by Eaton researchers and a request for it appears in comments. In 1865, Watson Eaton was leasing 210 acres of the Survey from Big Clarke. Who, and where, was his brother? He was probably a "Race Owner" at the goldfields, certainly in some year that I can't recall, at Creswick.
For the information of those unfamiliar with Victoria's gold mining areas, a race was a channel that carried water from a dam to where other material needed to be washed away (in a cradle etc), leaving the heavier gold, like large-scale panning. At Blackwood, surveys for races were done by a woman and the Byers back track follows an old race to O'Brien's Crossing.
Colin didn't know the name of Watson's brother, so naturally it did not appear in LIME LAND LEISURE (a copy of Colin's notes!) I did bother to find out. He was back in Dromana by 1888 as revealed by the trades directory: Bernard Eaton, gold miner, Dromana.The mine was of course at Tubbarubba and his former neighbours, now east of Moat's Corner, were working for him.
The Eaton legend, as revealed to Colin by Maude Eaton or perhaps his own family, has it that Watson had undertaken part of a medical degree before leaving America, but at an inquest he stated under oath that he had never been to university or received medical training. The memorial, now in the Dromana museum, shows that the lack of a piece of paper did not affect his expertise or his patients' appreciation. There may have been a third brother who came out and became a librarian in Melbourne. Benjamin Eaton,librarian, who appeared to be paying the rates of Maude Eaton (a spinster), may have been that brother's son.


EDWARDS 1919 Bal.
EMMOTT 1919

FIRST ANNUAL SHOW AT RED HILL. (Frankston and Somerville Standard 7-4-1922 page 3.) Make notes re Committee and lady helpers.

FOREST Ewen 1919. (FORREST?) As his name was inserted at the end of the assessments, this Red Hill resident must have arrived recently. He was assessed on 22.5 acres on ?A, possibly 12A, like W.McRoberts.

FRITSCH. (See Gotliebson.)

Andrew Fritsch was granted 24B, Kangerong of almost 103 acres and Charles Fritsch about 44.5 acres adjoining it on the south across a now-closed part of Dunns Creek Road that joined Myers Rd near the present No. 8 Myers Rd. Andrew's grant is indicated by Melway 161 G 8-9 and H 8. Charles Fritsch's grant's north east and south east corners are indicated by the locations of numbers 8 and 5 in Myers Rd.


Rate collectors had a spot of difficulty spelling the surname and in 1919 Edward Fitsch was assessed on 40 acres and buildings, part 24 Kangerong. In 1900, Charles Fritsch was assessed on 100 acres and buildings, Kangerong and 40 acres, Kangerong. In 1910, Edward Fritsch and the Freehold Assets Co. were assessed on 140 acres (total of the above) as well as some confusingly described land that included E.Caldwell's grant (Melway 159 K9 to the south boundary of the Hillcrest Quarry land.) The assessment refers to 390 acres, five sevenths of (3 written backwards)part 4 section 3 and 196 acres, part 4 section 3. Caldwell's grant, crown allotment 4 of section 3 Kangerong, consisted of 297.5 acres!

It is possible that the Fritsch and Bowring families had come from Collingwood where members of both families were on its council.


(Mornington and Dromana Standard, 4-3-1911, p. 2.) Mr E.Fritsch's five roomed house was destroyed by fire while he was at Sorrento.The year, 1911 was an eventful one for Edward Fritsch. His house burnt down and while he was squaring timber to rebuild it, he cut the calf on one leg to the bone, requiring nine stitches (MS 5-4-1911 p.4.) Edward Fritsch married Miss Warnecki (Sheila Skidmore spells it Warnecke) of Balnarring.

The wild dogs that attacked Mr Downward's sheep near Dunns Creek in 1909 must not have been aware of how good a shot E.Fritsch was with his rifle. Two of them were dispatched.(M.S. 22-6-1907 p.2. and Mornington and Dromana Standard 22-6-1907, p.2, Sorrento.) The woodchop at the Dromana Show in 1907 by the scratch man, Fritsch. (M.S. 23-3-1907, p.3.

The last rate record available on microfiche is 1919-20 so trove is invaluable for information after that time. Sheila Skidmore described how slow and late trains made the Red Hill producers turn to road transport. Mr E.C.Fritsch, Red hill fruitgrower, gave evidence in support of the application of E.W.Price and W.Milburn of Red Hill South to carry produce to Melbourne. (The Argus 18-11-1938, p.2.)

On 15-3-1937, E.l.Fritsch was granted 52B and 51D Balnarring, of 16 and 27 acres, which were northeast and southwest of a railway station just east of Tonkin Rd (Melway 191 K8 and 192 A8.) Today the Peninsula equestrian trail follows the western and southern boundaries of this land instead of cutting through it diagonally toward a spot about 57 metres from the south east corner.


GOBBLIEBSEN 1919 (Huntley worker scalded in bath, written as Gobblietsen.)

In 1919, Mrs Charlotte Gottliebsen was assessed on 100 acres and buildings, part Crown Allotment 24 Kangerong.
I am guessing that Charlotte was a widow and a descendant of Andrew William Fritsch, the grantee of 24B Kangerong, consisting of 103 acres 3 roods and 3 perched but called 100 acres when Charles Fritsch was assessed on it in 1900. C.A.24B fronted Myers Creek Rd from No.8 Myers Rd nearly to the Wallaby Downs entrance.

It is likely that Edward Gottliebsen who worked at Percy Huntley's Rosslyn just east of Craig Avon Rd.(Melway 161 K10-11) was related to Charlotte. The following appeared on page 18 of the 4-6-1925 under the heading: Red Hill. Edward Goleitsen, who is employed by Percy Huntley, orchardist, Red Hill, was preparing for ahot bath, when he fainted and his arm went into the boiling water. It was some time before he was found and his hand and portion of his arm were severely scalded. He was removed to the hospital. Bill Huntley said this happened on Rosslyn in a hut set aside for the victim's use.

J.Journeaux sold his grant, crown allotment 15 Balnarring to the Gottliebsons. This fronted Tubbarubba and Myers Rd (approximately Melway 161 K 7-9 to 162 B 8-9)and later One Chain Rd was built to give access to subdivision blocks. The now-closed section of road between Dunns Creek Rd and Myers Rd in Melway E-J 7 was called Gottliebsons Lane. Two Gottliebson sons married Fritsch sisters one of whom was due to give birth in 1907. (That was a pretty good guess I made above, wasn't it?) Mrs Gottliebson must have had Mrs Grayden lined up to be the midwife and a son had been delivered on 27-8-1907.
GIBSON 1919.
On 8-6-1869, the Flinders Road Board assessed William Gibson on 190 acres in the Balnarring Division. This was 78A Balnarring on the north corner of Stanleys and Red Hill Rds, of a bit over 190 acres.

Walter Gibson bought William Cottier's grants, C.A. 9 and 10 of section 1, Kangerong and established Glenholme. Extensive detail of Walter's arrival, landholdings and genealogy are available in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Walter had a brother named Thomas who died in late 1900. I read on trove that William Gibson had found a body on his brother Walter's property at Dromana.

Therefore, it is likely that two grantees of Wannaeue land in 1911, on either side of Purves Rd near Whites Rd, were at least related to Walter. Thomas Henry Gibson was granted, on 20-5-1911, 28A1 of nearly 70 acres and 28 F of 51 and a bit acres, north and south, respectively of Waterfall Gully Rd, a total of 121 1/4 acres.The land ran 360 metres north and 264 metres south from the corner of Waterfall Gully Rd.

J.W.Gibson was granted 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres 1 rood and 26 perches.It had a frontage to the east side of Purves Rd from Whites Rd to Wilson Rd.

Thomas Henry Gibson of Northcote was assessed on his 121 acres in 1900-1. By 1910 he was a milkman of Balwyn and by 1919, he was living at Canterbury (in Melbourne's east.) James William Gibson, dairyman of North Melbourne, was assessed on his 114 acres in 1910 and had recently moved to West Brunswick from North Melbourne in 1919 but now had a total of 320 acres, described as crown allotments 26, 26A, and 27. (Chapman's "Seawinds" which included allotment 27 of 128 acres bounded on the north and West by Seamists Rd. Melway page 170 C-E 1-3 roughly.)

In 1919,James William also had his grant of 114 acres but had added 33 acres of 25A, 89 acres (24C), and 147 acres (23A1 and 24D.) Lot 25A was Peter Watson's grant fronting Heath Lane (190 A 2-3) and Arthurs Seat Rd. Lot 24C was also a Peter Watson grant whose south west corner is at the right angle bend in Whites Rd (in 171 G4.) Both 23A1 (of 62 acres which had its north west corner at the right angle bend in Whites Rd) and 24D (of 84 acres at the north corner of Purves and Whites Rds) were granted to J.Bayne.

Also in 1919, L.M.Gibson of Coburg had 28 acres (part 27B1 Wannaeue), which was John Hopcraft's grant of nearly 86 acres, fronting the west side of Mornington-Flinders Rd at 190 D7-8.


RESUME WHEN NLA OVERCOMES TECHNICAL PROBLEMS-ROAD FRONTAGES ETC, BODY FOUND BY BROTHER WILLIAM ON WALTER'S GLENHOLME ETC


GRAVES. Charles Graves was one of the tenants on Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) after Henry Dunn's lease of the whole survey had ended in 1851. Mary Ann McLear was another tenant , calling her farm "The Willow". Graves became a hawker ( called Graves the tinker in George McLear's accounts book), buying merchandise in Melbourne and selling it all over the southern peninsula.George McLear often accompanied Charles and in about 1854 when they called on the Cairns family at Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) one of the blonde boys was complaining, "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet." In 1859, he bought Monahan's grant, directly over Pt Nepean Rd from the Dromana Drive-In and extending to Boundary Rd. After having it fenced by the Rhymers (after whom a street in Safety Beach is named), he sold it to Mary Ann McLear, his partner in the hawking business.Charles became a shopkeeper at Shoreham and somewhere in my transcriptions of rates, I have a note (completely unrelated to the information I was seeking) that Charles had about 200 acres in that area. There is much detail of the dates and prices re Charles buying and selling the property that became Maryfield in Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime Of Dromana". If anyone researching the Graves family cannot borrow the book,let me know in the comments space below, and I'll supply the details.

Burials in the FLINDERS CEMETERY.

HAIG 1919. In 1919-20, Andrew William Haig was assessed on 122 acres and buildings, crown allotments 17A and 17B, Kangerong. In 1910 Andrew and William Haig, farmers of Red Hill, were assessed on 190 acres in Kangerong. The Haig family was not assessed in 1900 and the only property of 190 acres was occupied by Henry Davey; I presume that this was H.P.Davey and the property was "Forest Lodge." I also presume that Forest Lodge mainly consisted of 23A and 23B of 156 acres granted to J.Davey and located at Melway 160 F-G 10-11, fronting Junction Rd.

17A and B Kangerong, granted to Francis Windsor, and located between Melway 191 A-B 2 and McIlroys Rd with the western boundary being a extension of Andrews Lane and the eastern being an extension of the eastern boundary of the Kindilan Society land.Therefore Red Hill's first cricket pitch, first used on 27-1-1923 in a match against Main Ridge and laid out on the property of Andrew Haig in McIlroys Rd (The Red Hill) would have been located at about 209 McIlroys Rd.
E.Haig was a member of the team which won the premiership the following season, playing at the Recreation Reserve.
Janet Wiseman and Andrew Haig were among the earliest players for the Red Hill Tennis Club which first played at Wildwood (Melway 190 G5) and then the recreation reserve.

See the RAILWAY OPENING entry re Cr Haig.

HALL Herbert Alfred, Middle Brighton, 1919 Bal.
In 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 20 acres and buildings, 74B, Balnarring. 74B, known as "Glenbower" adjoined the Village settlement blocks on the west side of Prossors Lane and was directly
across Arthurs Seat Rd from the Recreation Reserve.
HANSON 1887, 1919 Bal, MOAL.

HARRISON.
A.Harrison was granted 27D Kangerong, a battle axe block of 63 acres in (what seems from the microscopic and written-over script) to be 1910. The 1900 rates record that Alfred Harrison had 60 acres in the parish of Kangerong but as the owner column seems to have been blank in almost every assessment, it cannot be determined if he owned it or was leasing it from the Crown. In 1910 the details were the same and Alfred's occupation was recorded as "Labourer". In 1919, Mrs Mary Harrison of Dromana was assessed on 232 acres, crown allotments 7 and 7A. The rate collector was fond of using dittos but in this case had not written anything to specify the parish.

Luckily the Kangerong parish map shows Mary Harrison as the grantee of crown allotments 7 and 7A in that parish, which total 231 acres 2 roods and 21 perches. The grant seems to have been issued on 4-8-1937.

Alfred Harrison's grant fronted 290 metres of Dunns Creek Rd with its eastern boundary being the Dromana-Red Hill boundary and it had a 20 metre wide access to where Bald Hill Creek crosses Harrisons Rd near the north east corner of the Recreation Reserve at Melway 160 J 7.

Mary Harrison's grant adjoined that of George McLear (116 acres east of a southern extension of Collins Rd,which is now part of Arthurs Seat State Park)with crown allotment 7 going east to Eatons Cutting Rd and 7A continuing east to the part of Tumbywood Rd shown as a dotted line reaching Boundary Rd at the south east corner of Melway 160 E 9. Mary's land adjoined Watson Eaton's selection at the Dromana-Red Hill boundary (in Melway 190 C-E 1.)

On page 5 of the Frankston and Somerville Standard of 18-3-1933, Thomas Robert Carter of Footscray gave notice of an application to mine stone on 4.5 acres of crown allotments 7 and 7A Kangerong. It was Crown land occupied by Mary Harrison. I wonder if Thomas is still digging away with the help of his great grandchildren at Melway 160 D 12?

Marriage. WHITE-HARRISON. Ernest Victor (late A.I.F.)fourth son of Mr and Mrs Robert White of Main Creek and Emma Frances, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Alfred harrison of Dromana were married at the Methodist Church in Dromana on March 21. Present address, "Roselands" Main Creek, Dromana. (Argus, 23-4-1921, page 13.)

A CARTER KILLED. A fatal accident occurred yesterday afternoon near Dromana.A lad named William Harrison, aged 16, was driving a load of gravel for a contractor of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, when he slipped off, and the wheel passed over his head, causing instantaneous death. (Argus, 31-3-1904, page 6.)

C.H.Harrison of Dromana was listed as wounded on page 7 of the Argus of 27-8-1918. W.J.Harrison of Dromana was repoted as ill on page 22 of the 7-12-1918 issue.

Colin McLear's snake story. In closing his history, Colin told of how Mrs Harrison had chopped off her finger to stop the poison from a snake that bit her at the wood pile from killing her. The snake was discovered to have been a piece of barbed wire!

HARVEY
John McIlroy, son of W.J.McIlroy, and Miss Sophie Harvey were married at the Red Hill Methodist Church on Monday, 2nd October. The bridesmaids were Miss B.Purves (Main Creek), the bridegroom's sister, and Misses Lily and Muriel Harvey (both of Essendon and nieces of the bride.)W.McIlroy was best man and E.Harvey groomsman.
(Mornington Standard 7-10-1905 page 2.) Their engagement was mentioned in Personal Pars. on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 22-11-1902.

Extract from my journal about the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT.
T.HARVEY.74h, 20 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd from the general store to the Mechanics Rd corner.

In August 1902, Mr Harvey of "Fernside" had a 9 acre orchard which was a model of neatness, 5 acres of strawberries and gooseberries, passionfruit bearing heavily and Japanese plums.

In 1902-3, F.Harvey was assessed on 74H. By 1919, 74H was occupied by Samuel L.Holland.

Keith Holmes recalls Ethram Harvey. Ethram may have been the son of Thomas Harvey, who was building a house on the block occupied by Edward Bowring in 1902 and was probably the grantee of 74h. Edward Bowring married a Harvey girl according to Keith Holmes, so he may have married the daughter of Thomas Harvey.

In the 1910-11 assessments, E.Harvey and Joseph Harvey, Red Hill farmers, were assessed on 213 acres (23b and 23b2 Wannaeue) and 144 acres (24 Wannaeue) respectively. It would seem fairly easy to locate these properties but the rate collector did not help much. James W.Gibson, the grantee, had 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres so Joseph Harvey could not have been there. E.Harvey's land was actually 23B (about 153.25 acres) and 23A (almost 60 acres), both granted to William Hillis. Access to 23A was via Wilson Rd at its south west corner and this allotment went north halfway to Whites Rd (roughly Melway 171 H6.) Crown allotment 23B was west of this, with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd (roughly 171 J-K 5-6.)
Joseph Harvey might have had 24B, of 145 acres, granted to Nelson Rudduck of Dromana or 24D and 23A1 of a combined 146.7 acres but John and James Bayne, Shoreham graziers, still had their grant so Joseph must have had 24B. The north east corner of this strangely shaped allotment was in Heath Lane (the original end of Main Creek Rd) 70 metres from Arthurs Seat Rd and the road frontage continued south 227 metres to roughly the site of the Miceli Winery (Melway 190 A3.) There it met 24A of 50 acres, granted to J.Pierce but occupied by James McIlroy of Red Hill. which fronted Main Creek Rd and the eastern 425 metres of Whites Rd. Joseph's block fronted the next 425 metres of White's Rd, from which point the western boundary headed nor nor west to, roughly, the top left corner of Melway 171 J3.

Also in the 1919-20 assessments, T.J.Harvey of Healesville had 25 acres, part 25A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 25A, granted to Peter Watson and consisting of almost 83 acres was on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd(roughly Melway 171 J 1-2 , K2)and had a frontage to the northern 70 metres of Heath Lane; it was north of 24B which Joseph Harvey had occupied in 1910.


HEAD 1919 Bal.
Alfred Head was granted 71B, Balnarring, consisting of 116 acres 2 roods and 22 perches, on 5-5-1874.This allotment has a frontage of 1360 metres to the south side of Stony Creek Rd and 3346 metres to Mornington-Flinders Rd. On 26-5-1884, Alfred received the grant for 71A of 83 acres 1 rood and 18 perches on the north side of Stony Creek Rd and fronting Mornington-Flinders Rd, with frontages of 882 and 386 metres respectively.
The eastern and northern extents of the allotment are indicated by Pardalote Rise.

In 1919, Alfred Head seems to have been leasing 71B (116 acres) from the Jarmans. Norm Prossor (Sid Prossor's father and the son of Henry Prossor) had 43 acres of 71A and Wallace Jarman the remaining 40 acres. It is possible that Alfred Head in this case was Alfred Charles Head, only son of the 1874(or earlier) pioneer.

"Around Red Hill", the August 1902 article, referred to Alfred's property as Fern Valley*. Interestingly, it gives his name as A.C.Head so Charles was probably his second given name. Alfred had a 15 acre orchard but concentrated mainly on vegetables, mainly peas, beans and potatoes for which he finds a ready market at Sorrento in Summer. He also has success with his hay crops. (No doubt the hay went to Stringer's Store to be sold to cabbies who competed with Coppin's tranway for the Amphitheatre trade as well as conveying passengers along the White Road (Pt Nepean Rd) to Canterbury etc.) The Cairns of Maroolaba and the Pattersons of Final had this contract while they had a contact at the store, but Alfred may have had a more influential contract after whom Lentell Ave (Melway 157 A5) was named.
(* In his letter, in the capacity of Returning Officer, congratulating George McLear on his sixth successive election as F&K Shire auditor, Alfred gave his address as "Musk Creek". The two tributaries of Musk Creek start at Melway 190 F6 in the southern part of Joseph Pitcher's grant and join in Alf's 14A, flowing through Alf's 14B before emptying into Stony Creek on William Hopcraft's grant.

While researching THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, I read in a heritage study that Alfred Head had leased Dalkeith Park (Melway 150 H8 to 151 C8), the farm later owned by Mr Vale whose daughter, Mrs Jackson, used the property for her equestrian event and race horses, hence Jackson's Hill climbing towards Range Rd from the Mornington turn off.

The Argus reports of sheep sales indicate that Head and Brady were occupying Dalkeith Park on 29-9-1897(P.7) and Alfred alone later (31-1-1900,P.5 and 5-8-1903, P. 8.) Why was Alfred in partnership with Brady? True, the Bradys' Mount Evergreen (Melway 190 A-B 9-10) was not far from Fern Valley (190 E-F 7-8 roughly) so they were neighbours. The Mornington Standard of 11-11-1897 has a marriage announcement on page 2 that explains the relationship between the two families.

Marriages. BRADY-HEAD. On Tuesday 2-11-1897 at Dalkeith Park, Mount Martha, Obadiah W.Brady, second son of the late Obadiah Brady of mount Evergreen, Rosebud, to Mary Elizabeth Rosetta, eldest daughter of Alfred head Esq., Fern valley, red hill.
And that contact at Stringer's Store (probably a highly valued customer, rather than an employee):
(Argus 7-12-1901, P.9.) Marriages. HEAD-LENTELL. on 19-11-1901 at St John's Church, Sorrento, Alfred Charles, only son of Alfred Head, Red Hill, Dromana, to Emma Mary, youngest daughter of James Lentell, Sorrento, late of Richmond.

Alfred Head was a councillor for the centre riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire by 1881 and was re-elected unopposed in 1886 (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 18-8-1886, P.3.) FULL DETAILS OF COUNCILLORS AND THEIR TERMS CAN BE FOUND IN LIME LAND LEISURE. Alfred was appointed to the Board of Advice for the centre riding of the Shire (Argus 11-7-1885 P.10.)

Alfred Head was one of the trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church whose first services were held on 25-1-1885; interestingly, Nelson Rudduck was also a trustee. Sounds like a law-abiding, God-fearing, responsible man doesn't he? So I reckon the following might concern his only son, Alfred Charles.

(Mornington Standard 11-4-1908 page 2. LOCAL AND GENERAL. Dromana Court. At the last sitting before Messrs N (Nelson) Rudduck and G.(George) McLear J.P.'s, Mr Fulton, Shire Secretary, proceeded against Alfred Head of Red Hill for wilful damage to the road known as Eaton's Cutting by trailing timber or heavy material. Alfred was fined ten shillings and had to pay three pounds twelve shillings and sixpence in costs.

Two children from the Head family were enrolled at the State School when it opened in 1873 in the old schoolhouse at the end of Arkwells Lane.

HIGGENS 1919 Bal.

HILL.
An article entitled "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 described Mr Hill's property. Up the hill from the post office (710 White Hill Rd at Melway 160 K 12) was Mr Hill's property on about 12 acres on a well-situated slope with a 6 roomed house.mr hill was presently at St Kilda.

The 1900 rates reveal that Arthur E.Hill was assessed on 60 acres, 18B, Kangerong. This allotment of 59 acres 3 roods and 14 perches, granted to R. Ringrose, was bounded on the east and north by lines extending Andrews Lane and Tumbywood Rd until they meet. (Approximately Melway 190 K 1.) The 12 acre block in 1902 would have been a part of this 60 acre block.

HILLIS.
See the end of the RINGROSE entry(rates information and comments.)

Extract from Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove.
GOODBYE OLD FRIENDS. (Mornington Standard 19-9-1895 page 2.) A large crowd attended the funeral of Mr Hillis, an old resident of Red Hill. Mr C.Roberts of Main Creek, another old resident, also died recently.
William Hillis (referred to by Colin McLear as Hill which was possibly his nickname) whose surname was often written as Hillas, had Summer Hill at Main Creek north of Wilsons Rd and land adjacent to Henry Dunns Four Winds on the top of White Hill near the McIlroys Rd corner. (The Butcher, The Baker, The.)
Roberts Rd at Main Ridge follows the short cut the Shands took from their saw mill to Red Hill. (Keith Holmes.)

HINDS.
Sheila Skidmore stated on page 49 of THE RED HILL that Will Hinds was the first local enlistment in the Great War. She said that his family lived on a farm at Merricks. The death notices for Will (Argus 26-10-1915 page 1 and 30-10-1915 page 13) and his father James (Argus 22-8-1923 page 1) indicate that their farm was "Seven Oaks", Red Hill. The location of this farm, when discovered, will be written only in the SEVEN OAKS entry.

James Hind, the husband of Elizabeth Hinds of "Seven Oaks", Red Hill, and father of Rob, Will (died on active service), Jessie, Jim, Effie and Jean, died at the age of 66. As Will's death notice states, James and Elizabeth had come to "Seven Oaks" from Somerville. Will's grandfather was Robert Hind of Birregurra. Will's brother Rob wrote a nice verse in the notice of 30-10-1915.

The Hinds had not yet moved to Seven Oaks in 1906 and the children seem to have gone to a Presbyterian Sunday School at Mornington Junction(Baxter.) At a social celebrating the church's anniversary recitations were rendered by the pupils, including Robert, Will and James (although the reporter had the same trouble interpreting scribbled notes as I do and gave Hirons, Hines and Hinds for the surnames.) Mornington Standard 7-6-1906, page 2. It is possible that the family was at Frankston or Baxter before moving to Somerville as Robert Hinds appeared in a fundraising concert for the Frankston State School (M.S. 7-7-1906, page 2.)

A court case in which young Robert Hinds appeared as a witness reveals that Robert was living at Baxter and attending the local school. (M.S. 28-10-1905 page 6.)

James Hinds' "Seven Oaks" consisted of 26 acres, part 79A and part 80C Balnarring. 79A of 115 acres had been Alfred Ernest Bennett's "Seven Oaks Farm" but it was subdivided by the shire when it changed the route of the Bittern-Dromana Rd in Kangerong; it used to meet Junction Rd just north of Craig Avon Lane, which was part of the original route. "Seven Oaks" was north of the new intersection.
Bill Huntley told me that his father, Percy, whose Homestead "Rosslyn" (212 Bittern-Dromana Rd) was a stone's throw to the east, drove James Hinds to the Melbourne Hospital when he became ill.

Now that I have a Balnarring parish map that I can read, I have discovered that James Hinds was granted 80C Balnarring of 17 acres 1 rood and 34 perches on 16-9-1916. This land fronted 705 metres of Junction Rd, with its south west corner opposite No.10 Junction Rd,and is indicated by the top third of Melway 161 H-J9. Bill Huntley said that James definitely lived on the south corner of Craig Avon Lane in a cottage that had probably been built by A.E.Bennett. This still stands but has been extended. I asked Bill if the house was on 9 acres as the rate collector recorded a total of 26 acres in 79A and 80C (see above.) Bill is adamant that this cottage was on "about 28 acres" ; it was purchased later by Doug Cairns, a good friend of Bill and the later-to-be-famous young artist, Arthur Boyd, who started his career at 62 Rosebud Parade, Rosebud in 1936.

However it is possible that the house was originally on only seven acres and James Hinds added about 21 acres later. When A.E.Bennett leased his Seven Oaks Farm homestead, originally described as being on 10 acres,to Cr William Oswin in 1904-5, Oswin was assessed on a house and 7 acres.



HIRST.
Francis Hirst was leasing the Ringrose 60 acre grant in 1874. See the Arthur E.Hill entry for its location.

HOLDING.
Sources have given the name of the first teacher at Red Hill State School as Richard Holding.
This would have come from Education Department records, so I have no reason to dispute it unless there was a transcription error. The grantee of 72A Balnarring seems to have been Robert Henry Holding (see BLAKELEY entry), so if the teacher's name was Richard, he must have been the grantee's son.

HOLLAND 1919 B&K
Cr S.Holland has been appointed Justice of the Peace at Red Hill.(Argus 31-1-1924 page 12 COUNTRY NEWS, Mornington.)
HOLMES
Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prosser, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)

Extract from my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.
HOLMES.Source: Keith Holmes.
Keith believes that there were two completely different Holmes families associated with the Red Hill area but there could be some link back in the old country and extensive genealogical research would be needed to prove that there was no connection, as in the case of Henry William Wilson of Dromana and George Wilson of Shoreham Rd.
1.The Kangerong rates for 1864-5 and 1865-6 reveal that Holmes was assessed on 140 acres; he would have been occupying the land under licence from the Crown. The Kangerong parish map shows that J Holmes was granted lots 15 A and 15 B of 104.3.34 each (six perches, about the size of the cricket pitches area on the M.C.G., or 150 square metres, short of 105 acres.) It is likely that he had settled on one of these blocks and the rate collector had written 140 instead of 104. Once a mistake like this was made, it would be carried on for years, because rate collectors would basically copy the previous years details and make alterations if they received knowledge of a sale or new lessee.
15 A and B were at Melway 191 E-F 3 and extended south from the Kangerong Conservation Nature Reserve to Red Hill Rd with the south west corner being just north of Rosebank Cottage. The northern half appears to have been granted in the 1870s and the southern on, possibly, 3-7-1873. The northern half was granted to J.Holmes & Co. The 7-9-1867 assessments show that the other partner was Lawrence Weadson. Holmes is not recorded in the 1879-80 rates but it is pleasing to see that the rate collector now calls the original property 105 acres. It must have been at about this time that the first Holmes pioneers left Red Hill.
John Huntley, gardener, owned 105 acres in Kangerong. Keith Holmes confirmed that he was on land granted to J.Holmes. This was the southern half, which now includes the VINES OF RED HILL land. In 1900, Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on the 105 acres; John had died and Mary was a widow. She was not assessed in 1910 and Keith Holmes explained why. Jack Shand, the son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married Mary and after living on the 105 acres for a while longer, Mary and Jack moved to Merricks North, where for some reason, Jack was then called Peter. Perhaps his second name was Peter and there was a cousin called Jack already living in the new location.
The northern half was being leased by gardener, William Kemp, from Wadesson and Holmes executors in 1879.Kemp received a grant of 100 acres on the east side of Bowrings Rd on 3-2-1904 and was occupying it by 1900, by which time 15 B seems to have passed to the Freehold Interest Co but was occupied by Carl Smith by 1910.

1 or 2 or neither. The O.T. dam (Melway 160 B 12) was built by the company that marketed Kia Ora products, and their on-site manager was a man named Holmes. They grew tomatoes and passionfruit. (P.178, A Dreamtime of Dromana.)

2.Keith Holmes recalled how the 1890s depression and a fire led to his family settling at Red Hill. His grandfather, William Alfred Holmes, was farming west of Horsham but hard times forced him off the farm and he found work as a carpenter with the Victorian Railways. The depression had probably resulted in one of the Sheehans also seeking work with the railways and at that time he was the stationmaster at Murtoa. John Sheehan owned land on the western side of Wisemans Deviation, (which led to the steep former end of White Hills Rd being called Sheehans Rd) and his sister, Emily, went to Murtoa to stay for a while with the station master who was thought to be their uncle.
While she was there, William happened to arrive at Murtoa to perform some work and it must have been love at first sight. It was probably not long before William made a trip to Red Hill and the altar. William possibly had no family ties where he was living; his brother, James Andrew Holmes was at Cavendish in the Western District. He had married a Miss Montgomery, a descendant of a convict who had settled nearby when he got his ticket of leave. When he was burnt out, James came to Red Hill and bought Parrys block in the village. This 19 acre block is west of the junction of Perrys (sic) Lane and Arthurs Seat Rd and extends just over halfway to Prossors Lane.


I had thought that Emily Sheehan's relative was the station master at Murtoa because he just happened to be posted there, but it is likely that he had been there for years. Sheila Skidmore tells how her great grandfather Sheehan had married in Adelaide and set off in his bullock dray (a wedding present) in search of land, eventually selecting land at Murtoa and staying there for 15 years before moving to Red Hill. It is possible a brother had made the trip with them or joined them later.

HOLMES & WEADSON (WADESSON?) WADESON! Somewhere in rate records not transcribed, while researching another pioneer, I must have seen something that left me with a suspicion that J.Holmes,grantee of 208 acres at Melway 191 E3, (with Vines of Red Hill at its s.w. corner and adjoining the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve), was a Sorrento resident. Trove indicates that he was probably J.T.Holmes, the prime mover in an attempt to get a fish company going there and prominent in the move to get a railway to Sorrento. It is possible that his wife was Susannah whose handbag was lost on an "omnibus" in Melbourne and that William Holmes of Sorrento was his brother. There is not one mention of Laurence Weadson on trove.
The reason that Lawrence Weadson was not mentioned on trove is that his name was Lawrence Wadeson.
His death notice appeared on page 1 of the Argus on 10-5-1876. He died at his farm at Kangerong, aged 62, as a result of injuries received through his horse running away.

As stated in comments, John Holmes was a (market) gardener. He and Lawrence shared 15B Kangerong of whose 104 acres John had 50 acres in 1874.
HOPCRAFT

HOWARTH 1919.
Time for a confession. My name is Ray Gibb. I married Valerie Joan Howarth and Peter Warren of Rye, descendant of pioneering Harcourt orchardists, married her sister, Roslyn. Peter's EXPRESS BIN HIRE supplies the wheelie bins for the Red Hill Market. But what has this to do with the crime of the century?

The 1919-20 rates reveal that Thomas and James Henry Howarth of Bowden St, Castlemaine had 30 acres, part crown allotment 8 Kangerong. Crown allotment 8, of 116 acres 2 roods and 35 perches and granted to George McLear, is that part of Arthurs Seat State Park east of a southerly extension of Collins Rd (Melway 160 C11.) The 1917 assessment shows that they had recently moved from 6 Brady St, Richmond to Bowden St, Castlemaine.

In 1925, the Howarth brothers sold their 30 acres to Mr R.Steele of St Kilda. (Frankston and Somerville Standard, 21-1-1925 page 1 RED HILL.) It is likely that the 30 acre block was used partly as an apple and pear orchard. The proceeds no doubt helped to build James Howarth's heritage listed homestead at Faraday (Everything that's happening on my doorstep: Faraday, Victoria 3451.)The farm combined apple and pear orchards, sheep grazing and dairy farming.

Valerie and Roslyn's father was Jim Howarth, who used to ride his pushbike from Faraday to Castlemaine Tech. to develop the skills that saw him as a radio technician/operator in the Air Force and the prime mover in bringing television to Castlemaine. Jim's older brother, Rex, and younger brother, Lester (who was known as Joe) remained on the farm. The girls were Lorraine, Ailsa and June who married Roy Portwine, Russell ? and Dave Hoare respectively.

Rex married Iris McInnes from Bendigo. They had four daughters, the youngest of whom, Susan, was too young to attend school in 1972. The Faraday school only had six pupils in that year, all girls. In the mid 1960's The Faraday, Franklinford and Fryerstown schools used to combine for excursions to the city; Franklinford had a gender imbalance of the opposite extreme and was jokingly called Franklinford Boys' College.

Three of the girls at Faraday in 1972 were Robyn, Jillian and Denise Howarth. With their teacher and three schoolmates, they were kidnapped on 6-10-1972. (EMOTIONS RUN HIGH 30 YEARS AFTER CRIME OF THE CENTURY,which has a photo of the school. -GOOGLE " Faraday, Howarth.")

The saddest thing about my research is that, despite the claim that Harcourt was the centre of Australian apple-growing until Tasmania claimed the honour, there is no detail on the internet about the pioneers or when the industry started there.



HUNTLEY.
Bill Huntley is 94 years old and today (3-9-2012), I had my first conversation with him. Here are some of the things he told me. The original Huntley, his great grandfather, emigrated from Kent to New South Wales in 1835. Not liking that very much he soon moved to Victoria and having a fair bit of money bought land at Brighton and (as the family legend has it) 208 acres at Red Hill.The land referred to is that detailed under HOLMES and WADESSON above and John Huntley senior must have held the land under a depasturing licence. The 1865 assessment states that Holmes had 140 acres but it would have actually been 104 acres being either 15A, containing Vines of Red Hill and Darling Park Vineyard and granted to J.Holmes or 15B, between there and the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve, granted to Holmes and Co. It was more likely the former allotment. By 1879, John Huntley, gardener, owned the southern 104 acres, 15A, and William Kemp was leasing 15B from Holmes and Wadesson.

Mary Huntley married John Shand, who was called Peter to distinguish him from another John Shand. Bill told me that the Shands had moved away (to Gippsland etc) in about 1920 which would explain why David Barker had replaced William Shand on Alexander Shand's grant in 1919. (See BARKER.) As mentioned in itellya's DAVID MAIRS journal, David Taylor Mairs married Louise Huntley. David, known as Lee was a champion of the rifle and was employed by I.C.A. to demonstrate all over Australia how great their bullets were at killing clay pigeons.

As mentioned in the Mairs journal, Mairs Rd was probably the closed road between Disney St and Somers Rd, the northern end now called Pearce Rd. What is now called Somers Beach was originally known as Mairs Beach.

Coming from Kent, the Huntleys who established an orchard of about 40 acres on Kentucky Rd (Melway 191 H1)naturally called it Kent Orchard. Two Huntley houses still stand about 50 metres apart just east of Craig Avon Rd (Melway 161 J11; they are Rosslyn and Kentucky.

In the east riding assessments in 1919 (Assessment number 3001), Percy Huntley of Red Hill was assessed on 60 acres, part crown allotment 14A. This allotment of 121 acres 2 roods and 13 perches was granted to J.Davey and is fairly well indicated by Melway 161 K 10-11, with its south west corner being at the bend in Craig Avon Rd.Rosslyn and Kentucky homesteads are on this allotment and only about 50 metres apart.

Another phone conversation with Bill Huntley tonight made it clear that the east half of 14A was Rosslyn and the eastern half was Kentucky. Bill thinks that Kentucky's name came from Peter (i.e. John, who married John Huntley's widow)Shand, who visited America, or one of the Huntley girls who was a journalist there.
Kent Orchard was at Melway 191, J2 south of the bend in Kentucky Rd. Bill is going to take me for a history tour of Merricks North next week.

POSTSCRIPT. The tour revealed that the Kentucky homestead is now 214 Dromana-Bittern Rd and the Rosslyn homestead is number 212.

Bill also told me about William Huntley, son of John Huntley senior and brother of John Huntley Junior. William (or his wife) must have died young because Tommy Bent and Elizabeth (nee Huntley) adopted William's daughter, Ada; at the time they had no children but not long after, Elizabeth Hannah Bent was born (in 1866.)
(See BRIGHTON below.)

At this point, I should give you Bill's lineage. John Huntley and Catherine Evelyn (Hegarty) were his great grandparents, John Huntley and Mary (Hope) were his grandparents and Percy William Huntley was his father.

Bill talked about Dolly and (I think, as I was not making notes at the time) Trudy, which I took to be nicknames. I thought that I should do some genealogical research so I googled MAIRS, HUNTLEY. Bill's great grandfather appears to have been John Huntley who married Catherine Evelyn Hegarty and their only children listed were Elizabeth b. 1843 Melbourne and Rosina b. 1860 Brighton. This confirms Bill's claim of the early arrival in Victoria and that he bought land at Brighton.

It is unlikely that the Huntleys suddenly decided to be orchardists upon arrival at Port Phillip. When I googled Kent Orchard, I found websites from Kent in England where Dr Ian Huntley has a dental practice at Orchard House and R.K.Huntley is at Orchard Cottage! No doubt Catherine's husband had learnt all about orchards in Kent before he left.Brighton was a market gardening area with Somerville's Henry Gomm and his mate Tommy Bent being prominent exponents; no doubt there were many orchards there too. (See BRIGHTON below.)

No doubt John Huntley, who married Mary Hope, was a son of John and Catherine. Bill said that he moved to Red Hill when their house at Brighton was burnt down. John had died by 1900 because Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on 105 acres (probably 15A.) The 1902-3 rates record that Misses Mabel, Louisa and Laura Huntley were assessed on 105 acres and buildings, Kangerong (e.g. 15A.) In 1910, John Shand who married (Mary? ) Huntley was farming 15A and Carl Smith had 15B.
John and Mary Huntley had the following children, all born at Brighton, possibly at Grandma Hope's place:
Gertrude Annie b.1874; Mabel b.1877; Louise b. 1879, Laura Sarah b.1881; Herbert John b.1883; Percy William b.1887. (Note: I had earlier named the boy born in 1883 Percy John instead of Herbert John.)
The pet names for Mary's children are given in the SHAND entry re John (Peter) Shand. One of them, Lyn, was apparently born after Perce and married Phil Vansuylen. Lou married D.Marsh. Gertrude must have been Sis.(P.S. No she wasn't! Mabel was Sis, according to Bill Huntley, who told me something


I couldn't work out where Mary Huntley came from until I googled SHAND, HUNTLEY.Keith Holmes had told me that Jack Shand, son of Alexander Shand, had married John Huntley's widow, Mary. (Mary had been a widow in 1900 when she was assessed on 15A but of course once she remarried her husband was assessed and she was once again a nobody in the chauvinistic custom of the day.

BRIGHTON. In an idle moment I googled HUNTLEY, BRIGHTON. W.T.Huntley was a councillor. W.Huntley and James Hope, gardener, Brighton were two of the directors of a Tommy Bent company which just happened to own land on the route the railway to Pascoe Vale would take. John Huntley senior was struck by a train at North Brighton station in 1883 when his impatience got the better of him and was badly injured; he was taken to the residence of his daughter, Mrs Bent. My guess that Mary Hope had met her beau at Brighton seems to be confirmed.

Could it be that John Huntley senior's daughter was married to the future Sir Thomas Bent, Premier of Victoria? She sure was! Sir Thomas Bent and Elizabeth Huntley (daughter of John Huntley and Catherine Evelyn Hegarty; b.1843, d. 1908) were the parents of Elizabeth Hannah Bent (1866-1947.) There was no record of John Huntley junior in the initial index but he was Elizabeth Huntley's brother (1847-1900)and therefore Tommy Bent's brother-in-law!

Elizabeth Huntley was obviously Tommy Bent's second wife and the second given name of their daughter, Elizabeth Hannah would seem to have been a tribute to Tommy's first wife, Hannah Hall.

Tommy faced huge debts circa 1892 and avoided bankruptcy by putting his assets in Elizabeth's name. He lost the seat of Brighton soon after and moved to Port Fairy to dairy farm, standing unsuccessfully for the seat of port Fairy in 1897. Returning to Melbourne in 1900 he was re-elected in the seat of Brighton in November, 1900. He was Premier of Victoria from 16-2-1904 until 8-1-1909.
(Wikipedia, which wrongly gives the name of the second spouse as Elizabeth Huntly.)

Herbert John, referred to as Jack in Mary Shand's death notice, moved across the Tasman Sea!

John Huntley (cricketer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Huntley (born Herbert John Huntley, 4 November 1883 28 March 1944) was an Australian-born New Zealand cricketer who played for Otago. He was born in Brighton and died in Tuapeka.
Huntley made a single first-class appearance for the team, during the 1912-13 season, against Canterbury. From the lower order, he scored 8 runs in the first innings in which he batted, and 7 runs in the second.
Huntley took bowling figures of 0-27, as Otago lost the match by an innings margin.


After I did some more rate research today in order to establish the locations of A.E.Bennett's "Seven Oaks Farm" and James Hinds' "Seven Oaks", I rang Bill Huntley to confirm my conclusions. They were correct and Bill went on to supply more fascinating information about the Huntleys.

John (Peter) Shand was a surveyor and was often away for six months at a time surveying in Gippsland, so Mary (nee Hope, and previously John Huntley Junior's widow) would have run Kentucky with the help of her son, Percy, who lived next door on Rosslyn. The Shands moved away from Main Ridge in about 1920, as Bill told me earlier, but he added that they had land at Warragul,Agnes and Buffalo.

Gertrude Anne the oldest daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope) had the pet name of Annie. She was a talented artist and musician. She carried her piano on drays etc, teaching music all the way from Red Hill to Perth. Wheter she embarked upon reaching Perth or not, she spent most of her life in Europe and married a Spanish Count, going by the title of Countess Huntley- D'Argola (the last word being a guess at the spelling.)

Her sister, Mabel, most likely given her pet name of Sis by Annie, spent most of her life overseas too, working as a journalist in America and becoming a close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, descendant of Johannes Roosevelt, who did not have to change her surname when she married a descendant of Jacobus Roosevelt,Frankiln D. Roosevelt, who became President of the U.S.A.

Alfred Downward who established "Glengala" (Melway 162 F-G8) also owned land in Kangerong west of Junction Rd. When Alfred died in 1930, he left his land near Tubbarubba to his son, Herbert who habitually burnt off his Tubbarubba land every year. Often Percy Huntley and his sons, Arthur(killed in the war) and Bill would have to interrupt their fruit picking on "Rosslyn" to fight Herbert's out of control fires. (P.31 THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)


JARMAN 1919 Bal. (See HEAD.)
Daisy Maria, wife of the late Wallace Jarman, died at Devonia, Flinders Rd at the age of 79.The names of their children are given in the death notice. (Argus 11-4-1955 page 14.) It would seem that Wallace Jarman had bought Alfred Head's Fern Valley and called it Devonia. Sheila Skidmore said that early Church of England services in Red Hill were held primarily for the Jarmans at Devonia.

JONES Edward. See the end of the BENNETT entry.

Percy Huntley (Bill's dad), took James Hinds to the Melbourne Hospital when he became ill. Unfortunately James did not return home. (See HINDS and SEVEN OAKS entries.

LESSING. (Hanson, Alpine Chalet, truck, Carrum.)

LEWIS A.H., 1919. (See WAR SERVICES HOME DEPARTMENT.)

LITTLEJOHN 1919.
Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
It is possible that Edward Bowring was related to John Bowring Journeaux, a grantee in Balnarring parish near Tubbarubba. Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Herb, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

The Littlejohns were certainly in demand as builders. Jimmy Fenton, from whom Fenton Hall got its name, had them build a house on the south corner of One Chain and Tubbarubba Rds in 1918. They were bet a bottle of beer that they couldn't finish the framework in one day and of course they succeeded. (THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)

LOXTON (Edited extract from present pages 100-101 of "Peninsula Dictionary History".)
Sam Loxton (who recently died on 3-12-2011) was interviewed for an article about the famous underarm bowl incident on the last ball of a one-day international against New Zealand in 1981 (Sunday Herald Sun 30-1-2011.) Sam hadn't known how to respond to Greg Chappell's instruction to his brother, Trevor, to bowl such a (literally) low ball so he took Billy Sneddon's advice (as described above.) The article went on to say that, after delivering this spray to Greg, Sam left the ground and drove back to Red Hill where he lived.

S.L.Loxton became the owner of crown allotment 20B, no section, parish of Kangerong on 16-11-1939. Consisting of just over 106 acres, this block (indicated by Melway 161 B-C 10) was accessed via Bowrings Rd off McIlroy's Rd. S.L.Loxton, who was almost certainly Sam's father and known to Thelma Littlejohn's family as Sam, was a member of the committee of the Prahran Cricket Club from 1941 until his death in 1974. Sam Senior was an electrician but in 1956 he became the FIRST PRINCIPAL of the Melbourne Royal Arch. I presume that that would make him a Grand Master of a lodge, and this introduces another cricketing connection, as the first to occupy this position (in 1884) was the venerated Sir William John Clarke at whose "Rupertswood" at Sunbury the "Ashes" were created. There is also a Red Hill connection in that Sir William owned the Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) where many pioneers near Red Hill had made their start in the area (Henry Dunn, 1846-51, followed by the McLears, Watsons, Eatons, Clydesdales and so on.)

I will not provide details of Sam's sporting exploits here because they are available on wikipedia.

McILROY.
John McIlroy, son of W.J.McIlroy, married Sophie Harvey at Red Hill Methodist Church on Monday 2nd October. See full details at the start of the HARVEY entry. (Mornington Standard 7-10-1905 page 2.)

McINTYRE 1919


McKEOWN The McKeowns started out on 73 a and b Balnarring. EXTRACT FROM Peninsula Dictionary History. 73AB. (Lot 73A, was west of Stony Ck with its north east corner almost over the road from Sheehans Rd and extended east almost to Stony Ck. Lot 73B was between 73A and the Red Hill Village; the eastern boundary being over the road from the south east corner of the showgrounds.)
Granted to James McKeown, both 147.7 acre lots passed into the hands of the Sheehans. They comprised two farms, Wildwood (73A) and Glenbower (73B). Keith Holmes said that they were not of equal size and this was probably because the creek, east of the allotment boundary, was used as a border so that both farms had water access.
The McKeowns moved to Dromana and operated the Aringa Guest House, which must have been a decent size judging by the crowd which attended the At Home for Trooper E. McKeown in 1902.

WELCOME HOME TROOPER! (Mornington Standard 10-5-1902 page 2.) Trooper E. McKeown was escorted into town when he arrived home from the Boer War. There was then a reception in the hall, which was too small to hold the crowd. Among those present were returned troopers Allison and Purves. The McKeowns later held an At Home at Aringa attended by 72 people. During supper a surprise presentation was made to Mr F(rank?) Counsel for his cool -headedness, which prevented a tragedy. He was conveying the Caledonian Singers near the Red Hill cutting (Eatons?) when the bolt on the brake lever broke.

McLEAR 1919
McRAVEY Thomas 1863. In 1863, Thomas had 60 acres at Red Hill,of which he seemed to be the owner, and had cultivated one acre. He hasd later cultivated 3 acres but I cannot find my note concerning it.His name appears in the September 1864 assessments but I do not seem to have transcribed any details about him in the 1865 assessments.
Colin McLear, in A.D.O.D., reveals that Thomas was in the area by 1862 when his name appeared in George McLear's account book. In 1864, George had business dealings with James McRavey who must have been the brother or Son of Thomas. (The name is misprinted as McRary in the boo

McROBERTS W.1919. (Surname unclear; could be Roberts.) He seems to have recently moved to Red Hill from Main Creek,and settled on 30 acres of 12A, Kangerong.

MANNIX (See TREWIN.)

MARSHALL.
Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal. W.MARSHALL.74G, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

In August 1902, Mr Marshall was chiefly growing peaches and apricots,which did not seem to be as successful as the usual fruits. He was also growing vegetables and strawberries.(MS02)

At the Dromana Show in 1897, Mrs D.Marshall came second, behind Mr H.Prosser,a fellow Red Hill resident, in a category for vegetables. (MS 23-4-1897, P.3.)

In 1898, W.Marshall of Red Hill requested permission from the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to cut saplings in front of his property.(MS 29-9-1898, p.3.)

The largest strawberry patches were on the properties of J.McIlroy and J.Shand but those of W.J.McIlroy, Arkwell, Marshall and H.Prosser were fruiting heavily. (MS1-8-1903, p.3.)

Colin McLear says much about William Marshall in "A Dreamtime of Dromana". P. 27 William Marshall was an early tenant on Jamieson's Special Survey, living roughly near the intersection of Pickings Rd and Lansell Ave in Safety Beach. John and Mary Ann McLear had done well on the famous John Oxley's property at Cambden, N.S.W. and in 1846 moved to the River Plenty where they took up residence on the property of Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named (and whose descendants might have owned Green's Bush near Red Hill.)

On Boxing Day,1849, John McLear, who had employed William Marshall as a groom for his horses, attended a race meeting, near the Plough Inn, Plenty, with William Marshall. John had won a bet but John Holland refused to pay up and tried to hit John with sticks and a whip, which William confiscated.One of Holland's mates hit the back of John's head and killed him. It would be likely that William would have accompanied the widow, Mary Ann, to Jamieson's Special Survey, especially if he had come with her from N.S.W.

William might have been already married upon their arrival in 1851 because he was one of a number of Survey tenants whose children attended a private school on the east side of the Nepean Highway about 400 metres north of Wallaces Rd (near the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery.)

In 1863, he was leasing 70 acres from Big Clarke, which had shrunk to 60 acres in 1865, his house still of two rooms. His name does not appear in my transcription of the 1879 rates but I did not record assessments in Balnarring rates. Alex Marshall, the first postmaster in Red Hill in 1871 had been succeeded in this post by 1873 (see page 23 in summary.) It is possible that William, the groom and 1851 Survey tenant was born about 1825 and had sons named Alex and William in about 1850. This would have made Alex about 23 when he took on the post office and William about 40 when he bought 74G.

MOAT William 1863. By this first available assessment, William Moat had a house and 10 acres fenced. He received the grant (title) for about 60 acres on 13-5-1875.




MOORE Captain Billy. Sheila Skidmore stated that William Henry Blakeley and Captain Billy Moore purchased a two masted schooner named Fear Notto carry firewood from Dromana to Melbourne and return with provisions.The 1879-80 rates show that W.H.B.Moore, mariner, was assessed on one (house) lot and building, Dromana. John Moore, Inspector of Works, was assessed on 33 acres, Kangerong. The mariner was not granted a house block in Dromana Township (west of McCulloch St) and the inspector might have had the 34 acre crown allotment 3 of section A, Kangerong (less a one acre block on which Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store stood) on the west side of Pier St which ran from the beach road to Palmerstone Avenue.

MORRIS. See the end of the BENNETT entry.

MYERS 1919.

NASH.
Extracts from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.

F.NASH was granted 74f, 19 acres south of Marshall's and 74(E1), south of 74f, containing 7 acres. Lot 74 E1 is now occupied by the house of Trevor Holmes whose cherry farm occupies part of Prossor's 74E to the south, the other part being owned by the Edwards family. Lot 74 F is indicated by the south east quarter of Melway 190 K5 and the north east quarter of K6.

In August, 1902, Mr Nash had 6 acres of the usual fruits and more cleared and ploughed. (MS02.)
The 1902-3 assessments show that F.Nash was assessed only on 74F and that 74E was vacant. Fred Nash must have bought 74 E1 of 6 acres 2 roods and 25 perches after this time and Henry Prossor his 12 acre share.

By the 1919 assessment Frederick Nash Snr was assessed on 8 acres (part 74E), 37 acres and buildings(74 F, 74G ) as well as 40 acres (lots 6 and 7,part crown allotments 73A, 73 B.) Mrs Emmie Nash was assessed on 20 acres (lot 5, part crown allotments 73A, 73B.) Frederick Nash Jnr was assessed on 25 acres, part 13B, Kangerong.

Crown allotments 73A and B, Balnarring, consisting of 107.5 acres each, were granted to James McKeown and became two farm of unequal size (according to Keith Holmes) named Glenbower, adjoining the Village Settlement, and Wildwood, adjoining William Henry Blakeley's 140 acres at a spot near the Sheehans Rd corner. Crown allotment 13B, Kangerong, consisting of about 70 acres, was granted to Margaret Davies and is now the Kindilan Society land east of Nashs Lane (Melway A 4-5.) The rest of 13B was occupied by Red Hill residents, R.Addicott and John E.Holland who both had 25 acre blocks.

W.MARSHALL was granted lot 74G of the Village Settlement, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane. By 1919 Frederick Nash senior owned 74G, which now houses the Greek church.

MYERS RD. See Bittern-Dromana Rd entry.


NEAVES George.
Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
G.NEAVES was granted 74j, 19 acres south of Parry's about opposite the Station Rd corner. (south east quarter of Melway 191 A 6 to corner of Arthurs Seat and Shoreham Rds.
In August 1902, Mr Neaves had 4 acres cultivated, mainly strawberries.

George Neaves was still on 74J in 1919. He had erected a building on it by 1902, according to that year's assessment. George's daughter, Eva, went to school with Ruth Holmes. (Keith Holmes.)

PARRY.
Extract from my VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
T.S.PARRY. 74i, 20 acres south of Harvey's with its south east corner roughly across the road from the south boundary of the Red Hill South Community Reserve.(The south end of Perry Lane marks the mid point of the long frontage to Arthurs Seat Rd, stopping just short of the Shoreham Rd corner, with the block tapering to a western boundary in the middle of Melway 191 A6.)

In August 1902, Mr Parry had a two and a half orchard which had been planted in that year. The rate collector was a little confused in the 1902-3 assessments and had assessed Neaves on 74i (with Parry written above Neaves) and has assessed Davidson on 74J instead of 74K.

This block became "Kia Ora" a farm owned by a member of the Holmes clan (Keith Holmes.). The 1919 assessments seem to indicate that it had been bought by James Andrew Holmes; there was a house on the property which must have been built by Parry some time after 1902.

Should Perry Lane (191 B6) actually be Parry Lane?




PROSSOR.
Prossors Lane is named after Henry Prossor who bought several Village Settlement blocks on the west side of Prossors Lane as well as the southern 12 acres of lot E at the end of the eastern side. Sid Prossor told me that Henry had come to Red Hill from Boneo. The Wannaeue parish map shows that crown allotment 4 of section B, Wannaeue was granted to M.A.Prosser on 19-1-1916.Consisting of almost 319 acres, this land was bounded by Browns Rd on the north and Limestone Rd on the south and is indicated by Melway 170 H-J 12 and 253 H-J 1-3. The surname is spelled with the er ending but so is Henry's on the Balnarring parish map. Was M.A.Prossor Henry's brother?The 1919-20 assessments show that M.A.Prossor lived in Fitzroy and still had this land.

Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane. In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A11.

74D. Henry P. Prossor was assessed in 1902 on 40 acres on 74D, 74C obviously being leased to Edward Bowring. As mentioned previously Henry was assessed on 40 acres (74 E and 74C) and 12 acres (part 74E).C.A.74E was stated as being vacant in the 1902-3 rates and later was bought in two parts, the northern (74E1)of 7 acres by Fred Nash and the southern (74E) of 12 acres by Henry Percival Prossor. Therefore, the 40 acres consisted of 74D and 74C in 1919.
Also assessed in 1919 was Norman Prossor. He had 43 acres and building, part 71A1 Balnarring. This crown allotment, bounded on the west by Mornington- Flinders Rd, on the south by Stony Ck Rd, with its eastern boundary and northern extent indicated by Pardalote Dr, consisted of eighty three and a half acres so Norman's portion probably fronted Mornington- Flinders Rd with the western tributary and Musk Creek forming the eastern boundary; Musk Creek joins Stony Creek in 190 G9.One might ask why there was a 71A1 when there was no 71A. I believe that 71A was to be alienated in two parts, but the grantee, Alfred Head, bought both parts on 26-5-1882 after obtaining the grant for 71B,of 116 acres south of Stony Creek Rd, much earlier.

H.PROSSER.74(E), 12 acres at the end of Prossors Lane with the opposite boundary parallel with Shoreham Rd.
This land was still vacant in 1919, possibly because it was too steep. Fred Nash bought the northern 7 acres (74E1, now Trevor Holmes' Cherry farm) and Henry Prossor the southern 12 acres, part of which is now owned by the Edwards family, and about 8 acres (including the old homestead) by Trevor Holmes.
The name Prossor/Prosser means son of Roger, being a mutation from ap Prosser. (Prossor website accessed through Holmes genealogy website.) See 74 C and D for other Prossor details.


Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prossor, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)
Henry Percival Prossor was at Boneo before he moved to Red Hill in about 1893. (Sid Prossor.)

Alexander Prossor was assessed on 49 acres and buildings, pt.73A Balnarring in 1919 (recently Charles William Ward.) This would have been on Glenbower to the west of the village settlements. W.A.Holmes had sold all but 149 acres of the 215 acres of Glenbower and Wildwood (73A and B). Norma Bright, Henry's grandaughter and Norm Prossor's daughter, told me that her Uncle Alexander was known as Harry.

Henry Percival Prossor was heavily involved in the operation of the coolstore. (See RAILWAY OPENING.)

Continuing Henry's habit of carrying off prizes at the Dromana Show (Mornington Standard 30-8-1902 page 2, Around Red Hill), Norm Prossor and Sons did well at the Red Hill Show in 1938. (Argus 27-10-1938 page 9.)

Norm Prossor's name seems to have been Percival Norman Prossor. His executors were Francis Claude Prossor, gentleman, of "Cooma", Commercial Rd, Mentone and Keith Bernard Ronald Prossor, orchardist of Red Hill. (Argus 9-2-1950, page 13, Legal notices.) The first executor seems to have been F.C.Prossor of Commercial Rd, Mentone whose elder son, Francis, was engaged to Joan Letts of Elsternwick. (Argus 8-18-1947 page 7.)

L.R.Prossor won many prizes at the Red Hill Show in 1955 and B.S.Prossor won a prize too. (Argus 28-3-1955 page 9, Fine Fruit at Red Hill.)

Fruit growers from all over the state assembled at Ringwood for a demonstration of fruit packing and some, including Henry Prossor, were photographed. (Argus 24-6-1925 page 17.)

PURVES. (Hanson, Sophie Harvey's bridesmaid etc.)

RAILWAY OPENING AT RED HILL. (Argus 3-12-1921, page 28.)
This detailed article adds a little to Sheila Skidmore'sdescription of the opening in THE RED HILL. The correct pronunciation of the pioneering name is recalled by the spelling of "Mowatt's" Corner. H.P,Prossor was the President of the Coolstore Co-operative Co. and S.Holland was its Secretary. Andrew Haig was a Flinders Shire councillor.William Calder, Chairman of the C.R.B., told the crowd how much had been spent on the roads.

RATTRAY James, 70A Bal. 1919. James Rattray had recently sold his 86 acres and buildings (70A, Balnarring) to Pezekian and Co. of Carlton, his name having been crossed out. Granted to William Hopcraft, the 89 acre allotment was between Mornington -Flinders Rd and Stony Creek with its north and east boundaries being the suburb boundary between Red Hill South and Main Ridge. The present Tucks Rd corner indicates its north west corner (having been deviated further north) and its south east corner was just north of the junction of Musk Creek and Stony Creek in Melway 190 G9.
Was W.Rattray, a Tasmanian who won the woodchop at the Red Hill Show in 1955 on his way to compete in Sydney, a descendant of James? (Argus 28-3-1955 page 9.)


RED HILL ENLISTMENTS. (Standard , Frankston, 5-7-1940 p.6.) Under this headline, it was stated that Red Hill had 13 officials and players who had enlisted for service. They were W.E.Craig, the President, Mt MacGregor, Vice President, Mr Manning, the goal umpire, and playersincluding Eric Pritchard, Stan White, R.Trewin, K and G.Skidmore, E.Salmon, C.White and P.Cleine. Young Cleine's father or uncle was a pacifist according to Shiela Skidmore and often argued with Charlie White during W.W.1 about the morality of warfare and I wonder if the team mate was Charlie's son.

RED HILL VILLAGE SETTLEMENT.
As if Red Hill wasn't a common enough name, there was a visit by the Premier to the Red Hill Village Settlement in 1893 but this one was between Drouin and Longwarry. (Argus 26-12-1893 p.6.)
RIGBY 1919
RINGROSE 1865. The illegible writing in the 1865 assessments led to me transcribing this name as Ringrove. The pioneer had 60 acres. The name of Mrs Ringrose appeared in George McLear's account book in 1865.

The Ringrose family evidently settled on its 60 acre grant (whose location is described in the entry for Arthur E.HILL)in 1865 but the rate collector didn't know much about them and failed to provide an initial for the surname which I guessed was Ringrove. The assessment of 1868 records the occupant of the 60 acres (i.e. 18B Kangerong) as Brian Ringrose.

It seems that this pioneer had been much concerned in public affairs at Smythesdale before coming to Red Hill, that is if his given name was Briant! After finding that Mr Ringrose was forever moving and seconding this and that according to a Ballarat newspaper, The Star, I came across an article on page 3 of the 23-5-1863 issue, which stated that Mr Briant Ringrose was the manager of the Great Trend Co. An advertisement on page 4 of the 18-2-1862 issue of The Star shows that Bryan Ringrose was the manager of the Reliance Gold Mining Company whose operations were to be at Scarsdale; however, he was later taken to court for not paying calls on his shares. After the accident mentioned below, Ringrose was taken to Scarsdale.

Mr Ringrose had been one of 18 men proposed by a meeting in 1861 for the municipal election of seven members. Smythesdale had much interest in communal activity and an exhibition was planned. In an article about the planning committee, an interesting item found underground by Mr Bryan Ringrose was mentioned. (The Star 19-9-1861.) Mr Ringrose was a member of the local Turf Club (13-9-1862 page 1s),and on the committee of the cricket club (1-11-1860 page 2). He was a manager or shareholder at several gold mining companies such as the Great Trend, the Reliance, the Mount Bute (The Star 3-11-1862 page 4)and, one would think, finally, the Cape Clear, where Bryan found he no longer had a nose for business. (Sorry Bryan, I deserve punishment for that one!)

It would be fortunate if our Red Hill pioneer had spent his previous time at Ballarat rather than in Tasmania (as Trove demonstrates) but not so fortunate if our Briant/Bryan Ringrose had moved to another mining company by November 1863; if so,he no longer had a nose. (The Star 25-11-1863 page 2.) This explosion took place at
Sprindallah where Bryan Ringrose had applied for a mining lease in 1861 but then withdrawn his application (The Star 5-11-1861, page 3.)

It would seem that Bryan Ringrose decided that a quiet farming life was better suited to a man who had been disfigured and moved to Red Hill within a year of his accident. After the article of 25-11-1863, there was no more mention of Bryan Ringrose of Smythesdale!

There is not yet proof that the Smythedale pioneer was also the Red Hill pioneer. I have not even found a Brian/Bryan Ringrose in genealogy websites apart from one in New Zealand. I have asked the historical society which covers Smythesdale if they have any record of Bryan Ringrose being still in that area in 1865. (See end of RINGROSE entry!)

Today, I traced the Ringrose grant year by year and these are my findings.
All entries relate to 60 acres of land in Kangerong.
2-9-1865. 1-9-1866. 1-9-1867. Ringrose (surname only) was assessed on 60 acres, Kangerong, a house being first mentioned in 1867 but probably there all the time.
5-9-1868. The given name, Brian, is recorded for the first time . The house had one room.
4-9-1869. The given name was altered with a stroke (/) to turn i into y. The house is not mentioned.
3-9-1870. There are no assessment numbers but the person to be rated is recorded as Bryan Ringrose.
2-9-1871. No Ass. No. After Bryan Ringrose's name that of William Hillas (sic) is written in inverted commas, probably indicating that William Hillis was leasing the 60 acres. William Hillis was not assessed on any other land.
7-9-1872. No Ringrose. No assessment numbers. William Hillis was assessed on the 60 acres under H. One would assume that he had bought the land but with these rate collectors it is dangerous to assume anything.
6-9-1873. No Ass.No. Under H, William J.Hillis is crossed out and Francis Hirst is written above it. The owner's name, Ringrose, is not forgotten as it was in 1872.
5-9-1874, 2-10-1875, 15-9-1876. Under H, Francis Hirst was assessed each time with the owner being, respectively: Ringrose, Bryan Ringrose and Blank! Had it been sold this time?
14-9-1877. No listing under H (Hirst) or R (Ringrove). Look at every assessment in Centre Riding for 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose in "Owner" column. Job Sherwood was leasing the 60 acres from B.Ringrose.
27-7-1878. Job Sherwood still leasing from B.Ringrose. N.A.V. was 14 pounds. (I hadn't checked it previously but I did notice it had been 10 pounds earlier on.)
24-7-1879. Nothing under S. Nothing under R. Look through all centre riding assessments. Under D, Charles Daniel was recorded as leasing from B.Ringrose.
31-7-1880, 30-7-1881. Nothing under D. Check whole of centre riding again for 60 ac K or Ringrose in owner column. The property had been forgotten (see ASSESSMENTS entry) and at the very end it was noted, without an assessment number, that what looked like John Gawin was leasing from B.Ringrose. The 1881 entry was clearly John Galvin and he was a labourer but the owner column was blank. Had Galvin bought 18B Kangerong?
29-7-1882, 21-7-1883.(A.N. 276 and 275/150, in shire, in riding.) Occupant column blank but Bryan Ringrose was listed as the owner in both years. The 83-4 rates were paid by Mr Ellis on 26-5-1884. I think we can assume that Ellis meant Hillis.
19-7-1884. (Nothing near previous assessment numbers.) Check whole riding for 60 acres K or Ringrose in owner column. (A.N. 110.) William Kemp, orchardist, was leasing from B.Ringrose.
20-7-1885. Not one Kangerong property of 60 acres was listed. No Ringrose in owner column. This looks like it!
17-7-1886. I wrote nothing so the result must have been the same as for 1885.
16-7-1887. Between Rudduck (157) and Segrave (158) but with no assessment number or occupier name, Ringrose was listed as the owner. The rates were paid by Hillas (sic.)
Blank July, 1888. A.N.28. Ringrose in owner column.
Blank July, 1889. No 60 acres Kangerong assessed. Had it been absorbed into a large landholding or had the rate collector forgotten the property again? Hardly any entries in the owner column and no sign of Ringrose.
Blank July 1990. No 60 acres Kangerong or Ringrose. A retrospective examination re William Hillis made sense of a baffling entry in 1891. In 1890, William Hillis was assessed on 273 acres in Wannaeue and Kangerong; to the left of this description, in tiny numerals, 60 was written above 213 (A.N. 98.) One would assume that this meant 60 acres in Wannaeue and 213 acres in Kangerong but as I said before, with these rate collectors don't assume anything.
William Hillis was granted 23A Wannaeue on 12-11-1888 and 23B Wannaeue on 10-12-1885. The first consisted of 59 acres 3 roods and 34 perches and is roughly indicated by Melway 171 H, part J-6. The second consisted of 153 acres o roods and 36 perches and is indicated by 171 pt.J, and K, 5-6. With 40 perches making a rood and 4 roods making an acre, the total of these two allotments is 213 acres and 30 perches. Therefore the 60 acre block was in Kangerong. Segrave's 60 acres were in Flinders and the only other 60 acre block, apart from Bryan Ringrose's 18B Kangerong, was Henry Dunn's "Four Winds" but this had become 233 acres years earlier.Therefore the land on which William Hillis was assessed in 1890 should read: 60 acres, 18B Kangerong and 213 acres, 23 AB Wannaeue.

Blank July, 1991. William Hillas (sic) was assessed on 60 acres Wannaeue and Kangerong. Perhaps William had mortgaged his grants or they may have been sequestered so he only had Bryan Ringrose's grant but because the rate collector wasn't sure whether the 60 or the 213 acre land was in Wannaeue, he kept the Wannaeue and Kangerong tag.

Blank July 1992. William Hillis could have had 60 acres Kangerong (preceded by an ink blot that looked a bit like a one or 160 acres.

If our Bryan Ringrose was disfigured and not often seen in public, it seems that William Hillis was one of his few friends. The following is being placed here rather than in the HILLIS entry so that it can be seen in context regarding the information from the rate books.

Bruce Bennett states on page 22 of THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE:
William Hillas (sic) owned land on the corner of Wilsons and Main Creek Rd (i.e. 23 AB Wannaeue) and 27 acres on the top of White Hill including Watermill Farm. He was named as a butcher in the 1884 rates and appears to have been Red Hill's first butcher.

While reading an extract from Joseph McIlroy's diary on page 19 of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL, where Joseph mentioned staying the night at Mr Hillis's place while bringing a steer back from Frankston on 9-3-1881, I was thinking of the Wannaeue land and presumed that for some reason he had travelled via Eaton's Cutting. Now it is pretty clear that he had travelled up White Hill Rd from Moat's Corner and stopped near the McIlroys Rd corner. William Hillis may have been leasing S.P.Calder's much later grant. He could not have been on Bryan's 18B because John Galvin seems to have been there from July 1880 to July 1882.

I received the following reply from Margaret Roberts, Research Officer of the Woady Yaloak Historical Society. Dear ---, I have searched through all our records and I have reached the same conclusion as you. The Brian Ringrose who was at Red Hill is most probably the same one who was at Smythesdale/Browns/Scarsdale in the early 1860's. Did you notice there was also a Joseph Ringrose here as well? A brother or father maybe as they were involved in many of the same mining ventures.

As you have surmised I have found no records of either of them after the accident. The two doctors who attended the victims, Drs Foster and Saengar were two of the best doctors in the area. Dr Foster was at Piggoreet and would have been the closest doctor to the accident whereas Dr Saengar was at Scarsdale and would have been the next closest. Poor Dr Saengar was murdered in September 1865 by a deranged man in Scarsdale. Please note that Smythesdale has an S in the middle. I noticed that in your article on him in the Red Hill article you omitted it. Good history though, congratulations.

Thanks Margaret for all your trouble. Sorry about the missing S which I have now remedied.





ROBERTS

RUDDUCK (RE CHURCH, 24B W LAND, TUCKER VILLAGE SETTLEMENTS LINK)
Nelson Rudduck was one of the trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Church whose first service was conducted on 25-1-1885.He resigned as trustee in 1920. (THE RED HILL pages 31, 32.)

Nelson's father, Sam, had purchased "Karadoc" in 1858 during one of several visits to Australia. Rudduck, Ruddock and Karadoc are variations of a word, thought to be Celtic in origin,which meant red- breast. Nelson himself arrived in Australia in 1868. His name may have been chosen because his father had been born in 1806 at the time the body of Horatio Nelson was being carried down the Thames to its final resting place.

Nelson was very heavily involved in the community, Methodist Church and the Rechabites; the Rosebud Fishing Village block on which Rosebud's Methodist Church remains as a medical centre was granted to Nelson Rudduck and the land for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital (opposite the BP garage and part of Karadoc) was donated by the family.His son, Ern, built a store at Rosebud and continued his father's involvement as a Flinders Shire Councillor and a pillar of the Methodist Church.Another son, Harry, farmed at Boneo.

H.B.Simon (known as Simon the Belgian, or Frenchman) lived on Boundary Rd (Hillview Community Reserve and to the south, about Melway 160 B 9-10) and as Nelson passed by one day he noticed that the pioneer was about to fall because he was sawing off a branch between where he was perched and a trunk. I won't tell you what happened but let's visualise why Nelson was travelling along Boundary Rd. I think he was making one of his regular trips via Eatons Cutting (160 E 9-12) to Main Creek Rd.

Nelson Rudduck was granted crown allotment 24B, Wannaeue of 145 acres on 31-5-1881. This land is indicated by Melway 171 J-K 3 and K4, its western boundary bearing 345 degrees 21 minutes. On 4-7-1888, 17B Wannaeue,of 100 acres, was granted to J.S.Rudduck. The grantee was Jane Sophia (nee Chapman), Nelson's wife. This land went from Duells Rd to Kinwendy Rd (170 J 9-11.) H.N.Rudduck (probably Henry Nelson, Harry) was granted crown allotment 23 Fingal on 13-2-1938. Consisting of 163 acres, this land is indicated by Melway 259 G 1-3 and H 1-2 being north of Long Point Rd and west of Mornington Peninsula National Park.

It would be reasonable to assume that those along Nelson's route would have known him well, even if they were not Methodists and drank like fish!
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA has pages and pages of genealogical and biographical information about the Rudduck family.

SANDLANT. Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
C.A.74a was occupied by Tom Sandlant by 1902 but he was living elsewhere as there was no house on it.(FKR02) The block was heavily timbered but Tom had been busy clearing and planting four and a half acres of strawberries.(MS02) Robert Henry Holmes owned 74A by 1919.

SAWYER.

The Sawyer family was mainly involved with the area north of Ellarina Rd in the parishes of Moorooduc and Bittern but Fred Sawyer had land near the Hopcrafts and there was a marital connection between the families.

Extracts from my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC.

RENOUF/SAWYER/GRIFFITH/PROSSER/COXSHALL/HOPCRAFT.
The Argus of 29-7-1916 reported the death of Sarah Renouf, the widow of Amise Renouf of Frankston, who died on 15-7-1916 at her daughters residence in Dromana. She was 95 and a colonist of 68 years. Strangely all of her children had the surname Sawyer, indicating an earlier marriage. Two of her sons had moved to the vicinity of Neerim but another two were pioneers of the locality known as Moorooduc and a daughter married into a prominent Dromana pioneering family. Her children were: L. and H.Sawyer (at and near Neerim), J.Sawyer(Moorooduc), F.Sawyer (Bittern), Mrs John Hopcraft and Mrs Jonah Griffith.

But what do the Prossers have to do with the Renoufs and Sawyers?
I googled Sawyer-Prosser on Trove in the hope of finding some details of the marriage. There I found information posted by somebody who must be researching the Hodgkinson family. It so happened that Sarah Renouf had been born Sarah Prosser and had married Isaac Sawyer.

THE SAWYER LAND.
Wannaeue.
In 1879 Frederick Sawyer was leasing 142 acres in the parish of Wannaeue from the Crown. There were only three Crown allotments of this size and Professor Hearn already had two of them. This left only 21B of 142 acres 3 roods and 1 perch, granted to Alex. Shand Jun. on 1-6-1909. This land is fairly well indicated by Melway 190 D9 and C-D10.
And guess who had the land north of his. John Hopcraft. Guess who had 178 acres (70 A and B, Balnarring) to the north and east of the start of Tucks Rd. William Hopcraft! Directly across the road (69A Balnarring) was Robert Henry Adams, whose gentlewoman wife, a Hopcraft girl, refused to live at Hopetoun House with the ungentlemanly old sea salt, Captain Henry Everest Adams. Both Frederick and Robert did not extend their licences and their land was granted, respectively, to Shand and M.Byrne. The Hopcrafts moved further south later and the Hansons occupied Williams beautiful house and called it Alpine Chalet. (Sources: parish maps, rates, marriage certificate of Adams-Hopcraft, Adams family legend, Adams Corner Ray Gibb, Memoirs of a Larrikin Hec Hanson.)



SAXTON 1919

SEVEN OAKS (HINDS, DOUG CAIRNS.)

SEVEN OAKS FARM.
This property was described as Seven Oaks Farm, Red Hill when A.E.Bennett married in the early years of the 20th century and as Seven Oaks, Red Hill by 1915 when James and Elizabeth Hinds were grieving the death of their son Willie in Egypt. I do not yet know its location.

SHAND 1919.

John(Peter) Shand married John Huntley Junior's widow Mary (nee Hope.) Apparently he was known as Peter and after being assessed on 15A Kangerong in 1910, it was operated by the Misses Huntley while Peter and Mary moved to Kentucky Orchard whose homestead still stands at 214 Bittern-Dromana Rd, just east of Craig Avon Lane. Although Keith Holmes(recently made a life member of the Dromana Historical Society)and Bill Huntley told me independently that John was known as Peter, Mary's death notice on page 13 of the Argus of 11-8-1917 (under SHAND)refers to her as the beloved wife of John Shand. Mary's children (all Huntleys) are referred to by their pet names: Annie, Sis, Lou (Mrs D.Marsh), Laura, Jack, Perce, and Lyn (Mrs Phil Van Buylen). {b] I'm almost certain that Lyn would have been Mrs Van Suylen because Mary Muir (a Vansuylen, who put me onto Bill Huntley in the first place) said she was related to Bill.

See the HUNTLEY entry regarding John's surveying in Gippsland and other Shands owning land at Warragul, Agnes and Buffalo in that area.

SHAW Major J.N., Barracks, Queenscliff, 1919 K&Bal

SHEEHAN 1919

Standard, Frankston, 25-10-1945 p.2. Mrs R. Sheehan who broke her leg recently is expected home soon. If she was Reg's wife she was formerly Miss Shaw, teacher at the Red Hill school, according to Hec Hanson, and her first name was Ann according to Thelma Littlejohn or Keith Holmes. (I forget which.) Reg Sheehan was a decent poet as demonstrated by his poems, "In Memory of the late Albert Cleave" and "Reunion". (Frankston and Somerville Standard 8-2-1929 page 8.)

SHERGOLD 1919


SIMON Henry Bernard 1863. Known as Simon the Belgian or Frenchman, Henry had 122 acres by the 1863 assessment.This probably included 3a and 3b of section 3 Kangerong (about 70 acres) fronting the north side of Boundary Rd that is now the part of Arthurs Seat State Park west of the line of Collins Rd (roughly Melway 160 A-B 10-12.) See ADOD for anecdotes.

SIMPSON
Thomas John, 20 acres pt. 75 A,B. Bal. 1919.

Mr and Mrs W.Simpson were farewelled. Mr Simpson, who had been the teacher at Red Hill for five years, had been transferred to Newham, near Woodend. (Mornington Standard 7-10-19056 page 2.)
SMITH Carl Jaby 1919
SMITH James, Shoreham, 20 acres pt. 75 A,B 1919 Bal.
SMITH AND STEVENS 1919

STRONG.
See the DAVIS entry re Jonathan Davis (in August 1902) dairying on 60 acres leased from (Maude) Strong who was obviously a widow by 1900. (Hopefully I will be able to find the location of this 60 acres which Mrs Maude Strong was leasing from trustees in 1900.)
TANNELL L., Footscray ( almost certainly Tassell . 1919 20 acres 75A,B Bal.
TASSELL
TAYLOR G.L., Merbein, 20 acres, 75A,B,Bal. 1919

THIELE. Extract from the VILLAGE SETTLEMENT journal.
C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's. (Bottom half of Melway 190 J-K 5 west of Prossors Lane.)
On Charles Thiel's block adjoining (Sandlant's), as well as 5 acres of orchard, strawberries, cape gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries and black currants had been planted. (MS02)Charles' 74B was one of four blocks on which a house had been erected in 1902. (FKR02)

The Ararat Advertiser of 24-4-1915 had this article on page 3.
Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of the Red Hill district, were driving towards Dromana on Sunday and it is believed that, when they were descending Eaton's Cutting from Red Hill to Dromana, the horse bolted. At a dangerous turn in the road, the wheel left the buggy and the occupants were thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that Mr Thiele's neck was broken and he died almost immediately. Mrs Thiele is now in a low condition, suffering from severe bruises and shock.

The death notice was on page 13 of The Argus on 24-4-1915.
THEILE (sic).On the 18th April (accidentally killed) at Red Hill, Charles August William , dearly beloved husband of Lena Thiele. (Interred 20 April at Dromana.)
This notice tells us Charles' full name and that of his wife but unfortunately does not reveal his age,
descendants, parents or siblings. There may have been no children."Old residents of Red Hill" in the above article could be a reference to age rather than time spent in the area.
There is a possibility that Charles was a descendant of Doncaster pioneer, Gottlieb Thiele, who planted the first orchard in that district in 1853. After arriving in 1849, Gottlieb set up as a tailor in Melbourne before spending time at several places including Red Hill .GOTCHA! These places were on the diggings and this red hill was near Castlemaine. (The Argus 8-5-1953, p.19; Box Hill-Doncaster Centenary. Their Gold grew on trees.) A photo of Gottlieb accompanies the article. With the area being so close to Melbourne, available land for orchards would have been snapped up quickly, so Gottlieb's descendants would have had to look elsewhere after a while, and no doubt the payment terms on the Red Hill Village Settlement would have been reasonable.

The assessments of 28-11-1914 show that the name of Thiele Charles had been written for assessment number 892. The surname had been crossed out and replaced with White. On 9-11-1915, Eden White, a Main Creek farmer, was assessed on 74b. By 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 74b.

Charles Thiele must have received a good education. He sang a ballad in I ntalian, accompanying himself on the guitar at a meeting of the Red Hill Literary and Social Club.Mornington and Dromana Standard 29-8-1903 page 4.)





THORNYWORK 1919
TREWIN 1919 Bal

Standard, Frankston, 4-10-1945, p.1. The M.P.S.L. eh? Was this soccer? Harry Trewin is pictured being presented with a trophy for the best and fairest in the MPSL. Further investigation revealed that it was footy. Doug Dyall, the M.P.N.F.L. historian told me that it was the Mornington Peninsula Social League which operated during the war to raise funds towards the war effort. Judy Patching, famous Olympics administrator, who played in Rosebud's first premiership in 1933 before serving 14 years in the navy, was one of the players.
The Courier-Mail, Brisbane 6-8-1953 p.2. Harry Trewin was obviously as good at critical reading and Arithmetic as he was at footy. His letter headed Fast Ferry pointed out a journalist's lack of mathematical understanding. The interesting thing was why Harry was reading a Queensland paper. Perhaps he had trained there.
Horsham Times 5-5-1953 p.2. BYERS-LANGLEY. Harry Trewin of Red Hill was the brother-in-law of the bridesgroom Donald William Byers of Kew.
The Argus 25-11-1942 p.2. Sergeant Robert Clifford Trewin, aged 25, was killed in action on November 3 in Egypt. He was the eldest son of Edgar and Margaret Trewin of Red Hill and the brother of Bess (Mrs Wilson), Marjory and Harry.
Standard, Frankston, 25-10-1945 p.2. RED HILL. Mr and Mrs Yuille Wilson have twin daughters. Mrs Wilson's parents, Mr and Mrs E.Trewin have had three grand-daughters in the past month,as Mrs C.White also had a daughter. (Mrs Wilson was Bess so Mrs White must have been Marjory.)

Standard, Frankston, 25-4-1946 p.8. Harry was not the only good footballer in the family. L.Trewin had been granted a clearance from Carlton to Red Hill. M.W.Mannix was also cleared from Richmond to Red Hill. The Mannix family was one of many which fished at Flinders in season before moving permanently from Queenscliff. (Lime Land Leisure.)


WARD Charles William (replaced by Alex Prossor recently on 49 acres of 73A Bal.) 1919

WAR SERVICES HOME DEPARTMENT. A.H.Lewis was assessed on 100 acres on crown allotment 20, Kangerong, his postal address being care of the Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne. Some of this land was probably the old Red Hill Township near the intersection of White Hill and McIlroy Rds where the Kangerong parish map shows a maze of tiny blocks west of Bowring Rd.

WALKER Ernest F., Main Creek, 14 acres and building, pt. 25a, W. 1919
WATSON E.M., 37 Epsom Rd, Kensington, former McIlroy land, 1919
WATSON H.G., Dromana, 233 acres and building (northern part of Appleyard's grant.) 1919
WHEELER

Argus 3-6-1897 p.1. James Wheeler, husband of Elizabeth Wheeler had died at the age of 51. A patient sufferer at rest.
WHEAT? Mrs Lavinia, Windsor, 25 acres 25b,W, 25 acres pt. 18a K. 1919
WHITE 1919(20b,W etc)
See HARRISON entry re White-Harrison marriage and "Roselands".

WILSON James 1919
WINDSOR 1863
WISEMAN 1863
YEATES (YATES) F.R., Buckley Park, Essendon, 135 acres, lots 1,2,3,12 pt. 75A,B 1919.Bal.It is possible that this man was related to (David?) Yates, the owner of the Racecourse Hotel in Keilor Village, who had a racecourse behind the hotel now partly occupied by the present primary school. Buckley Park was a farm of about half a square mile on the east side of Hoffmans Rd, Essendon (to about Hedderwick St) that had been granted to William Hoffman who named it Butzbach. This man might have been leasing it from the Croft family.

YOUNG
Allotment 21B, parish of Kangerong was granted to R.C.Young. Consisting of a bit over 121 acres, this allotment fronted the north side of McIlroys Rd but its south east corner followed Dunns Creek, adjoining crown allotment 22H, which is that part of the Kangerong Nature Conservation reserve north of McIlroys Rd. The northern extent of the allotment is indicated by Melway 161 E10.
Henry Coxon Young was assessed on a 5 roomed house and 12 acres, Red Hill, in 1863 but on 3-9-1864, Robert Coxon Young was assessed on a 5 roomed house and 21 acres. By 1865, the rate collector had worked out that the 5 roomed house was on 121 acres and T.Coxon Young was assessed.
In 1879 there was no assessment on any member of the family and no mention of a 121 acre property in Kangerong.

In 1853, Robert Coxon Young, architect, was living in a brick cottage in Geelong. (Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer 27-12-1853 p.7.) Another item on trove (to be completed soon) seems to indicate that Robert ran for the office of surveyor there. By 1860 the architect had become an attourney!
Messrs James and John Charles Young have commenced business as importers and general merchants, such business to be carried out by their authorised attourney, Mr Robert Coxon Young, at 49 Elizabeth St South, Melbourne.(The Argus 31-8-1860 p.8.) The business did not last long. It was probably not long afterwards that Robert bought allotment 21B from the Crown. If I am asked to do so in comments, I could do some more rates research regarding the Young family's tenure on the land.

By 1876, Robert Coxon Young, who had formerly been the surveyor at Ballarat East, was appointed Town Clerk there.
(The Argus 19-2-1876 p.8. Ballarat.) Catherine, the youngest daughter of the late Robert Coxon Young C.E., died on 30 May, 1901 in Ballarat. (The Argus 31-5-1901 p.1.) Catherine's father was dead but the name continued.
Robert Coxon Young was the only son of James Young (see 1860)and died at 356 St Kilda St Brighton in 1944. (The Argus 8-9-1944 p.2.)

5 comment(s), latest 1 year, 6 months ago

THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT PIONEERS AT RED HILL, (NEAR DROMANA) VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

This journal was formerly part of a summary of Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL. Sheila gave little specific information about the village settlement pioneers on pages 41-3 of her book so I decided to fill the void. I felt that having the following information in the journal about Sheila's book detracted from the flow of the summary, so it will be deleted from that journal.


P.41-3. THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.

To avoid needless typing, certain sources will be abbreviated. MS02= Mornington Standard 30-8-1902 p.2; article entitled "Around Red Hill". FKRO2 = Shire of Flinders and Kangerong rates 1902-3. FKR19 = same shire 1919-20. KH = Keith Holmes.

HISTORIANS-BEWARE OF HASTY ASSUMPTIONS. I was excited to find a newspaper report about the Premier, Mr Patterson, visiting the Red Hill Village Settlement. Unfortunately none of the settlers were mentioned by name. I was rather puzzled that the Premier was afterwards driven to Drouin where he caught a train back to the city. Was Eatons Cutting Road that bad? It transpired that there was another Red Hill Village Settlement, near the railway line between Longwarry and Drouin, one of many communities organised by Rev. Tucker, whose committee included a Mr Rudduck. This leads me to suspect that Nelson Rudduck of Dromana may have had some influence in the Government's choice of our Red Hill for one of its village settlements.


H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell.In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present.The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the lateE.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present. I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.


Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

C.A.74a was occupied by Tom Sandlant by 1902 but he was living elsewhere as there was no house on it.(FKR02) The block was heavily timbered but Tom had been busy clearing and planting four and a half acres of strawberries.(MS02) Robert Henry Holmes owned 74A by 1919.

Keith Holmes remembers 74A being owned by Dave Holmes so he was probably a descendant of Robert Henry Holmes.

C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's.
On Charles Thiel's block adjoining (Sandlant's), as well as 5 acres of orchard, strawberries, cape gooseberries, raspberries, wine berries and black currants had been planted. (MS02)Charles' 74B was one of four blocks on which a house had been erected in 1902. (FKR02)

The Ararat Advertiser of 24-4-1915 had this article on page 3.
Mr and Mrs Thiele, old residents of the Red Hill district, were driving towards Dromana on Sunday and it is believed that, when they were descending Eaton's Cutting from Red Hill to Dromana, the horse bolted. At a dangerous turn in the road, the wheel left the buggy and the occupants were thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that Mr Thiele's neck was broken and he died almost immediately. Mrs Thiele is now in a low condition, suffering from severe bruises and shock.

The death notice was on page 13 of The Argus on 24-4-1915.
THEILE (sic).On the 18th April (accidentally killed)at Red Hill, Charles August William , dearly beloved husband of Lena Thiele. (Interred 20 April at Dromana.)
This notice tells us Charles' full name and that of his wife but unfortunately does not reveal his age,
descendants, parents or siblings. There may have been no children."Old residents of Red Hill" in the above article could be a reference to age rather than time spent in the area.

There is a possibility that Charles was a descendant of Doncaster pioneer, Gottlieb Thiele, who planted the first orchard in that district in 1853. After arriving in 1849, Gottlieb set up as a tailor in Melbourne before spending time at several places including Red Hill .GOTCHA! These places were on the diggings and this red hill was near Castlemaine. (The Argus 8-5-1953, p.19; Box Hill-Doncaster Centenary. Their Gold grew on trees.) A photo of Gottlieb accompanies the article. With the area being so close to Melbourne, available land for orchards would have been snapped up quickly, so Gottlieb's descendants would have had to look elsewhere after a while, and no doubt the payment terms on the Red Hill Village Settlement would have been reasonable.

The assessments of 28-11-1914 show that the name of Thiele Charles had been written for assessment number 892. The surname had been crossed out and replaced with White. On 9-11-1915, Eden White, a Main Creek farmer, was assessed on 74b.By 1919, Herbert Alfred Hall of Middle Brighton was assessed on 74b.


H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane. In 1902, Edward Bowring was assessed on 74C and the article said that Edward had been on the block for 12 months. He had planted 2 acres of orchard and also had 2 acres of strawberries as well as currants and raspberries. He'd been successful with summer vegetables. Thomas Harvey was building a 4 roomed house on the block (which was noted in the 1902 assessment, one of only four on the village settlement at that time, another being on 74D.)

Keith Holmes said that Edward Bowring was on the last block on the right but as Prossors Lane does not go to the south boundary of the village settlement as shown on the Balnarring parish map (because of an extremely steep slope), he could have been referring to 74C.

The 1919 assessments show that Henry P.PROSSOR was assessed on 74c as well as another 32 acres of settlement land. It appears that the rate collectors had finally discovered the correct spelling of the grantee's surname. And where was Edward Bowring? By 1910 he had moved to 18A Kangerong, 60 acres granted to Henry Dunn at the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd. By 1919 he was on part 19 Kangerong slightly to the east and across McIlroys Rd, Bowring Rd being the east boundary of the 27 acre block.
Rates (in this shire) rarely had entries indicating the owners of land but it is likely that Edward was leasing in 1902 and 1910 but owned the 27 acres in crown allotment 19 (which must have included 8 acres of Red Hill township blocks, as mentioned by Sheila) at Melway 161 A11.

It is possible that Edward Bowring was related to John Bowring Journeaux, a grantee in Balnarring parish near Tubbarubba. Florrie Bowring married Herb Littlejohn . The first Littlejohns in the area were William Alfred and Frederick, sons of a convict who had settled in Brunswick after gaining his ticket of leave. They had land across the road from each other near Moat's Corner. After a while Fred moved to Coburg and William to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son, Fred, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at only 25.(Thelma Littlejohn, their daughter.)
Fred and William Littlejohn had lot 9 of 205 acres and lot 11 of 130 acres in 1919. Lot 9 is inside the curve of the Nepean Highway with the non-historic Bluestead Cottage at its north west corner (160 H3-4) and lot 11(160J-K 5) is north of Dunns Ck Rd to a point opposite No 665 with its frontage to the highway extending a little less than halfway to Wallaces Rd.

74D. Henry P. Prossor was assessed in 1902 on 40 acres on 74D, 74C obviously being leased to Edward Bowring. As mentioned previously Henry was assessed on 40 acres (74 E and 74C) and 12 acres (part 74E).C.A.74E was stated as being vacant in the 1902-3 rates and later was bought in two parts, the northern (74E1)of 7 acres by Fred Nash and the southern (74E) of 12 acres by Henry Percival Prossor. Therefore, the 40 acres consisted of 74D and 74C in 1919.
Also assessed in 1919 was Norman Prossor. He had 43 acres and building, part 71A1 Balnarring. This crown allotment, bounded on the west by Mornington- Flinders Rd, on the south by Stony Ck Rd, with its eastern boundary and northern extent indicated by Pardalote Dr, consisted of eighty three and a half acres so Norman's portion probably fronted Mornington- Flinders Rd with the western tributary and Musk Creek forming the eastern boundary; Musk Creek joins Stony Creek in 190 G9.One might ask why there was a 71A1 when there was no 71A. I believe that 71A was to be alienated in two parts, but the grantee, Alfred Head, bought both parts on 26-5-1882 after obtaining the grant for 71B,of 116 acres south of Stony Creek Rd, much earlier.

Norman Prossor married May Holmes, the daughter of William and Emily Holmes.(Sid Prosser, their son, and brother of Norma Bright.)
Henry Percival Prossor was at Boneo before he moved to Red Hill in about 1893. (Sid Prossor.)


W.MARSHALL.74G, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

In August 1902, Mr Marshall was chiefly growing peaches and apricots,which did not seem to be as successful as the usual fruits. He was also growing vegetables and strawberries.(MS02)

At the Dromana Show in 1897, Mrs D.Marshall came second, behind Mr H.Prosser,a fellow Red Hill resident, in a category for vegetables. (MS 23-4-1897, P.3.)

In 1898, W.Marshall of Red Hill requested permission from the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to cut saplings in front of his property.(MS 29-9-1898, p.3.)

The largest strawberry patches were on the properties of J.McIlroy and J.Shand but those of W.J.McIlroy, Arkwell, Marshall and H.Prosser were fruiting heavily. (MS1-8-1903, p.3.)

Colin McLear says much about William Marshall in "A Dreamtime of Dromana". P. 27 William Marshall was an early tenant on Jamieson's Special Survey, living roughly near the intersection of Pickings Rd and Lansell Ave in Safety Beach. John and Mary Ann McLear had done well on the famous John Oxley's property at Cambden, N.S.W. and in 1846 moved to the River Plenty where they took up residence on the property of Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named (and whose descendants might have owned Green's Bush near Red Hill.)

On Boxing Day,1849, John McLear, who had employed William Marshall as a groom for his horses, attended a race meeting, near the Plough Inn, Plenty, with William Marshall. John had won a bet but John Holland refused to pay up and tried to hit John with sticks and a whip, which William confiscated.One of Holland's mates hit the back of John's head and killed him. It would be likely that William would have accompanied the widow, Mary Ann, to Jamieson's Special Survey, especially if he had come with her from N.S.W.

William might have been already married upon their arrival in 1851 because he was one of a number of Survey tenants whose children attended a private school on the east side of the Nepean Highway about 400 metres north of Wallaces Rd (near the Hickinbotham of Dromana Winery.)

In 1863, he was leasing 70 acres from Big Clarke, which had shrunk to 60 acres in 1865, his house still of two rooms. His name does not appear in my transcription of the 1879 rates but I did not record assessments in Balnarring rates. Alex Marshall, the first postmaster in Red Hill in 1871 had been succeeded in this post by 1873 (see page 23 in summary.) It is possible that William, the groom and 1851 Survey tenant was born about 1825 and had sons named Alex and William in about 1850. This would have made Alex about 23 when he took on the post office and William about 40 when he bought 74G.

By 1919 Frederick Nash senior owned 74G, which now houses the Greek church.


F.NASH. 74f, 19 acres south of Marshall's and 74(E1), south of 74f, containing 7 acres.

In August, 1902, Mr Nash had 6 acres of the usual fruits and more cleared and ploughed. (MS02.)
The 1902-3 assessments show that F.Nash was assessed only on 74F and that 74E was vacant. Fred Nash must have bought 74 E1 of 6 acres 2 roods and 25 perches after this time and Henry Prossor his 12 acre share.

By the 1919 assessment Frederick Nash Snr was assessed on 8 acres (part 74E), 37 acres and buildings(74 F, 74G ) as well as 40 acres (lots 6 and 7,part crown allotments 73A, 73 B.) Mrs Emmie Nash was assessed on 20 acres (lot 5, part crown allotments 73A, 73B.) Frederick Nash Jnr was assessed on 25 acres, part 13B, Kangerong.

Crown allotments 73 A and B, west of the village settlement, were granted to James McKeown. The family later moved to Dromana where they bought William Grace's grant, Gracefield , crown allotment 5 of section 3, Kangerong, consisting of almost 250 acres ( roughly Melway 159 G-H 9-11.) Gracefield Ave may have been the entrance to this farm. In about 1892, James and his son, Henry, built the Aringa Guest House at the north west corner of Foote and Clarendon Sts, which provided a living for his girls until after World War 2. The above details come from Colin McLear's "A Dreamtime of Dromana" and the Kangerong parish map. Now I will quote Colin.

"James McKeown was born in 1831 and died aged 88 in 1920. His wife, Catherine Townsend McKeown was born at Port Fairy (I think it was then called Belfast) in 1841 and died in 1928. James migrated to New Zealand in 1853, moving to Warrnambool in 1856. His sister, Mary, had married Hill Hillas in Ireland in 1846 and migrated to Red Hill in 1855 and taken up farming. James travelled to Red Hill in 1862 and purchased 200 acres of farming land south of the current oval. He returned to marry Catherine at Koroit and they travelled to Red Hill in a bullock cart in 1863. His orchard was called Musgrove Farm and he built a wooden house on the property called Glenbower. In 1874, James cut and sold timber piles for the building of Dromana pier. The Red Hill property was sold to the Sheehan family in 1889when the family moved to Dromana.

The twelve children of James and Catherine were:
Anna (b.1864, d. 1950), Henry (b.1865, d.1916), James (b.1867, d. 1935), Williasm (b.1869, d.1950), Isabella (b.1871, d. 1932), Arthur (b. 1873, d.1937), Eva (b. 1874, d.1953), Maud (b. 1876, d.1945), Ethel (b.1879, d.1964), Ernest (b.1881, d.1941)Ada (b.1883, d.1887), Edith (b.1886, d.1987.)"

THERE IS MUCH MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE McKEOWNS IN COLIN'S BOOK. IF YOU CAN'T FIND A COPY, REQUEST MORE INFORMATION IN "COMMENTS".

73A and 73B, Balnarring each consisted of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, thus making a total of 215.375 acres. Keith Holmes told me that this became two farms of unequal size, Glenbower (adjoining the future village settlement) and Wildwood (adjoining William Henry Blakeley's 72A, which now houses the Consolidated School.) The two farms seem to have been jointly owned (by the Holmes family?)and subdivided by 1902 when properties described in "Around Red Hill" had to be west of the village settlement. The 1919 assessment shows that William A. Holmes had 147 of the 215 acres while Fred Snr and Emmie Nash had 60 acres, and Alexander Prossor 49 acres. It seems that the rate collector was fazed by all the new subdivisions (with hundreds of unknown ratepayers) and accidentally labelled Alex Prossor's land as part of 73A instead of 75A which was south of the village settlement and other Prossor land. This 49 acre block was until recently (1918-9) occupied by Charles William Ward.

In 1919, Frederick Nash Junior had 25 acres, part of 13B Kangerong. Crown allotments 13A and B, west of Andrews Lane, consisting of almost 130 acres, was granted to Margaret Davies, who was obviously a widow. The western boundary of 13B (now the Kindilan Society property) just happens to be Nashs Lane (Melway 191 A4.) As no more rate records are available on microfiche, I can only speculate that young Freddy bought more land nearby or was at the end of the lane.

It is possible that the Red Hill Nash family was descended from Charles Nash of Fairview and Bayview in Tullamarine.



H.PROSSER.74(E), 12 acres at the end of Prossors Lane with the opposite boundary parallel with Shoreham Rd.
This land was still vacant in 1919, possibly because it was too steep. Fred Nash bought the northern 7 acres (74E1, now Trevor Holmes' Cherry farm) and Henry Prossor the southern 12 acres, part of which is now owned by the Edwards family, and about 8 acres (including the old homestead) by Trevor Holmes.
The name Prossor/Prosser means son of Roger, being a mutation from ap Prosser. (Prossor website accessed through Holmes genealogy website.) See 74 C and D for other Prossor details.


T.HARVEY.74h, 20 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd from the general store to the Mechanics Rd corner.

In August 1902, Mr Harvey of "Fernside" had a 9 acre orchard which was a model of neatness, 5 acres of strawberries and gooseberries, passionfruit bearing heavily and Japanese plums.

In 1902-3, F.Harvey was assessed on 74H. By 1919, 74H was occupied by Samuel L.Holland.

Keith Holmes recalls Ethram Harvey. Ethram may have been the son of Thomas Harvey, who was building a house on the block occupied by Edward Bowring in 1902 and was probably the grantee of 74h. Edward Bowring married a Harvey girl according to Keith Holmes, so he may have married the daughter of Thomas Harvey.

In the 1910-11 assessments, E.Harvey and Joseph Harvey, Red Hill farmers, were assessed on 213 acres (23b and 23b2 Wannaeue) and 144 acres (24 Wannaeue) respectively. It would seem fairly easy to locate these properties but the rate collector did not help much. James W.Gibson, the grantee, had 24 Wannaeue of 114 acres so Joseph Harvey could not have been there. E.Harvey's land was actually 23B (about 153.25 acres) and 23A (almost 60 acres), both granted to William Hillis. Access to 23A was via Wilson Rd at its south west corner and this allotment went north halfway to Whites Rd (roughly Melway 171 H6.) Crown allotment 23B was west of this, with frontages to Whites Rd and Main Creek Rd (roughly 171 J-K 5-6.)
Joseph Harvey might have had 24B, of 145 acres, granted to Nelson Rudduck of Dromana or 24D and 23A1 of a combined 146.7 acres but John and James Bayne, Shoreham graziers, still had their grant so Joseph must have had 24B. The north east corner of this strangely shaped allotment was in Heath Lane (the original end of Main Creek Rd) 70 metres from Arthurs Seat Rd and the road frontage continued south 227 metres to roughly the site of the Miceli Winery (Melway 190 A3.) There it met 24A of 50 acres, granted to J.Pierce but occupied by James McIlroy of Red Hill. which fronted Main Creek Rd and the eastern 425 metres of Whites Rd. Joseph's block fronted the next 425 metres of White's Rd, from which point the western boundary headed nor nor west to, roughly, the top left corner of Melway 171 J3.

Also in the 1919-20 assessments, T.J.Harvey of Healesville had 25 acres, part 25A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 25A, granted to Peter Watson and consisting of almost 83 acres was on the south side of Arthurs Seat Rd(roughly Melway 171 J 1-2 , K2)and had a frontage to the northern 70 metres of Heath Lane; it was north of 24B which Joseph Harvey had occupied in 1910.

T.S.PARRY. 74i, 20 acres south of Harvey's with its south east corner roughly across the road from the south boundary of the Red Hill South Community Reserve.

In August 1902, Mr Parry had a two and a half orchard which had been planted in that year. The rate collector was a little confused in the 1902-3 assessments and had assessed Neaves on 74i (with Parry written above Neaves) and has assessed Davidson on 74J instead of 74K.

This block became "Kia Ora" a farm owned by a member of the Holmes clan (Keith Holmes.). The 1919 assessments seem to indicate that it had been bought by James Andrew Holmes; there was a house on the property which must have been built by Parry some time after 1902.

G.NEAVES. 74j, 19 acres south of Parry's about opposite the Station Rd corner.
In August 1902, Mr Neaves had 4 acres cultivated, mainly strawberries.

George Neaves was still on 74J in 1919. He had erected a building on it by 1902, according to that year's assessment. George's daughter, Eva, went to school with Ruth Holmes. (Keith Holmes.)

W.DAVIDSON. 74k of 17 acres opposite Centrepoint.

W.Davidson was assessed in 1902-3 (see 74i.), but the rate collector was confused.Unless my transcription was faulty, the Davidson block was not mentioned in "Around Red Hill" written in August, 1902. By 1919, 74K was occupied by Mrs Frances Edwards.
Mrs Davidson was "Dolly" Nash, who could not move one of her arm and always had it clad in a stocking.Mr Davidson's sister married a Cavanagh from Balnarring.(Keith Holmes.)

A very confused entry in the 1910-11 rates indicates that rates on a property were to be written off. The property, of 60 acres, 18A Kangerong, seems to have been leased by Jonathon Davis and to be the estate of William Davidson, care of Mrs Edwards of Red Hill. The land,on the south corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rd, had been granted to Henry Dunn and formed all or part of his "Four Winds". The block was almost square with its western boundary extending to a point opposite Tumbywood Rd.


Areas are rounded to the nearest acre. Frances, Elizabeth and Frederick Sts are not on the village settlement but are on 75A, Balnarring, granted to J.McConnell.

MY MEMORIES IN SPORT, MELBOURNE, VIC., AUST.

I never had great sporting ability, despite my father being named in Bunyip's football team of the era 1902-1940, but had reasonable success in cross country at University High, C Grade footy at Doutta Stars, cricket and football boundary umpiring. I was prompted to write this article as I enjoyed a coffee after a trip to Red Hill today to wander down Prossors Lane and to discover William Henry Blakeley's post office and bakery. Crackers Keenan was retelling his memories in sport on SEN 1116 and my memories started coming back. Hopefully some of my memories will be helpful for descendants of those I mention when they are writing the family history.

My chief memories of sport at Bank St, Ascot Vale (till the end of second term in grade 5) and Kensington Primary and Central School involved end to end footy. At Ascot Vale State School we had to "take something off our kicks" as Denis Cometti would say, so the footy wouldn't finish up in the caretaker's residence. At Kensington the footy was always going into the boys' toilet and shelter shed. After sport at Ormond Park, the boys would walk back up the hill along Lovers' Lane on the south side of Ormond Rd to find out why it had such a funny name. The Footscray (now Kensington) Road hill would provide a challenge of one's boyhood after sport at the South Ken. Flat, to ride a bike (or wobble more like it) all the way up to Derby St.

While we were living in North St, Ascot Vale, Peter O'Sullivan used to visit his girlfriend,((Rosemary Armstead?), who lived further up the street. Peter played for Essendon and were were thrilled when he joined in our end to end.

Dad barracked for South Melbourne and wanted to buy Swans' jumper for my brother and me. Mum said that she wasn't washing white jumpers so we ended up as Essendon supporters. Mum often took us into Dicky Reynold's newsagency on the south side of Puckle St, Moonee Ponds. The Thirds used to play the curtain raiser to the senior game and Les Pridham's grandmother, who used to sit near us in the grandstand, used to yell out "Lessie, you're blood's worth bottling!" every time he did something for the young bombers.It is well dcumented how the crowds used to swap ends each quarter with the great John Coleman but I also remember how he'd squat on his haunches in the goal square chewing P.K. and Juicy Fruit from the many packets thrown to him by adoring fans. I remember the spot at Windy Hill just south of the true centre half forward position at the Napier St end where he suffered the tragic knee injury. I remember him playing in the annual old boys' game against the school team but he couldn't even get off the ground; Hasting's Deadshot Jack was no more!

At Uni High, the sportsmaster was George Murray, who was captain-coach of Footscray Cricket Club for many years. In fifth form I made it to the seconds in cricket. We used to practice with the firsts and one day my hand was nearly broken when I fielded a drive hit by Graeme Beissel; it had travelled about 90 metres all the way along the ground and was still travelling at about ninety miles an hour. Graeme was equally good at football but retired from football after coming second in the Brownlow while playing for Essendon.

I boundary umpired for the Uni. High footy team while I was in form 5. They gave the Public Schools a lesson. Members of that team would have included Ron Carruthers (Collingwood), Terry Rodgers (Essendon), John Booth (Fitzroy) and Barry McAuliffe (North Melbourne). John Booth must have pulled off the worst kick in history when he missed from the goal square against Melbourne Grammar.

In the same year (1960), Holy Trinity started an under 16 cricket team in the Churches comp. Three of the grounds (at least)involved getting wet if you let the ball get past you for a four; they were Ormond Park, John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve and Lebanon Park (homes of Moonee Valley, Oak Park and Strathmore Football Clubs.)Fielding improved out of sight to avoid a wade in the muddy bottom of the Moonee Ponds Creek to retrieve the ball. Footballs would have often finished up in the creek too. One day we played at Lebanon Park. I thought it was strange to call an oval after a country, not knowing at the time that Lebanon was the town on the Mascoma River in New Hampshire, U.S.A. from which John Murray Peck of Cobb&Co. fame had come. One of the Strathmore lads hit a six which hit the wall of a house, just inches from a window, on the other side of Mascoma St. The lady of the house came storming across the road threatening all sorts of retribution but to no effect because young Daryl Gerlach launched a never-ending stream of sixes in the same direction. Daryl was a star footballer for Essendon not too much later.
DARYL HASLEM was very much a part of our cricket team despite being born with a disability that claimed his life quite early. We played our first season at the South Ken. Flat, having mowed a pitch on the grass. The flat frequently flooded and on the Friday before a match, perhaps the first, we went down to see how the pitch was. To our dismay we found that the council was pumping the water away from a flooded area-right onto our pitch. What to do? Dazza solved the problem quickly , taking the end of the hose back to the flooded area. This reminds me of an incident in 1951 when Phillip Holden, my brother and I found an old bathtub dumped at the flat when it was severely flooded. The next morning we tried a bit of rowing before school, arriving there half an hour late and covered with mud. We were not congratulated for our endeavours at an Olympic sport! Talking of rowing, I wonder if the Aussie rower at the London Games with the surname of Booth is related to John Booth of Uni High who was an excellent rower as well as playing footy for Fitzroy.

In 1961, I started at Teachers' College and became a V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary umpire. Many of my games were in the Federal League but it was a thrill to do league thirds matches at Hawthorn, Collingwood etc. I used to do extra training at Royal Park with Lindsay Sullivan a senior V.F.L. boundary umpire and met many umpires on the senior list. Bobby Dumbrell was a fitness fanatic who could do sit ups and push ups for extra periods at extraordinary speed. Stan "Comfy" Tomlins was an ex V.F.L. footballer who could smoke a fag under the shower without getting it wet. Kevin Sleeth was a jovial fellow, not really a fitness freak like Bobby, but still had a great career with the V.F.L.
JACK POTTER was just one of the great sportsmen who graced the playing fields of University High School. I think I recall George Murray saying in an interview that Jack Potter was the best cricketer he ever coached at the school. Jack was several years ahead of me and had left school before I started but qualifies for these memoirs because of our joint involvement in umpiring. As a eighteen year old, to meet Jack had me in awe and despite our age difference we trained together and sat together at the meetings. Of course we had the connection of Uni High but we shared a passion for umpiring.
When I had a bye in umpiring, I used to have a game of footy with Flemington and Kensington Methodists which played at Debney's Paddock in Flemington. My brother and many of the lads I had been to school with or knew in other ways played for them. It must have been in 1962 that Jack joined the Reserve Grade list. I can't recall whether it was the first game of the season, in other words, Jack's first game, but it was certainly early in his career.
Flem. and Ken. Meths. played in a northern metropolitan churches comp. and Jack was appointed to their game, away, against Croxton Meths. Many of the early football teams, such as the two that merged to form the all conquering Tullamarine team of 1975-9, Essendon Baptists-St Johns and Ascot Vale Presbyterians (3 churches), were composed of members of congregations and it is likely that Ken Fraser and Ron Evans attended church parades with EBSJ players as 17 year olds before joining the Bombers. However the connection between church and club was decidedly looser in the case of Croxton Meths.
Now Jack had a great personality and, I believe, had every chance to rise quickly in umpiring ranks. Unfortunately many of the Croxton Meths. players had spent several hours in the pub before taking to the field. There had been several fiery episodes in the first half but the Croxton players came upon an alcohol fuelled strategy at half time; to thump an opponent each as soon as the ball was bounced. This happened and for the protection of the victims Jack was forced to call the game off. And as far as I know, that was the last game that Jack umpired. As sport fans would know, Jack was the captain of the Victorian cricket team for a great number of years, when the annual Boxing Day clashes with New South Wales featured most members of the Australian Test team.

As I lost about eight hours of typing last night and the Tulla and Red Hill journals are screaming, "What about me?", I am going to abandon the narrative for note form. To make sense of the chronology, I will briefly outline my residence and footy/umpiring involvement through the years and influences on my attitude to umpiring.

RESIDENCE. Ascot Vale 1943-September 1950; Kensington till 1964 with a brief break at Ballan; Castlemaine 1965-6; Maldon 1967; Flemington 1968- mid 1971; Tullamarine till recently.

FOOTBALL/ UMPIRING. V.F.L.Reserve Grade boundary (U)1961-2; Essendon District Football League field (U) 1963-4; Bendigo Football League boundary (U) 1965-6; Maldon (F)1967; V.F.L. Reserve Grade field (U) 1968-9; V.F.L. field (U) 1970; E.D.F.L. field and boundary for most of 1971 ending with Ascot Vale Presbyterians playing at Tulla; Doutta Stars 1972-4 (F); 1975-6 Tullamarine (F); E.D.F.L. field and boundary (U) 1977- mid 1983; V.F.A. boundary till end of 1990; A.F.L. boundary umpires' observer with responsibility for V.F.L. list 1991-2.

INFLUENCES ON UMPIRING. When I started with other youngsters such as IAN ARTSO, attending lectures at Richmond Postal Institute under advisor Harry Clayton (whose son Ian was a V.F.L. umpire and star athlete over longer distances), and read my first rule book, one line seeped into the depths of my brain: "The spirit of the laws is to keep the ball in motion." Thus rule 14b (a player lying on or over the ball is deemed to be in possession) became central to my thinking. My spirit of the laws also included unspoken aims that the lawmakers had obviously had in mind, namely to promote spectacular aerial contests and hard physical contests that would not cause serious injury. Then there was one more aim that almost every footballer or fan would agree with:look after the player going for the ball.

From the start, I umpired with my voice rather than my whistle. "Don't hold or shepherd, eyes on the ball, run and jump" in ruck and marking contests, saying and meaning "get it out" when a player was tackled. Nobody wrestled like Wayne Carey and Gary Ablett. Bodywork in ruck and marking contests was legitimate. I would average four ball ups a game. I once did a game while on holidays in Rockhampton in 1978, because two of the four umpires were unavailable, the fellow who'd done the first game had left and the bloke doing the second game was almost out on his feet at half time. I raced home to grab some gear and got back in time for the third game.The players afterwards told me that they had not believe a game of footy could flow so freely and complained that they wouldn't be able to walk for a week.(Major Queensland towns had six teams, thus three games each week , all played on the same ground. They also had six Rugby League teams.)

Harry Beitzel started the rot for me when he limited V.F.L.umpires to a maximum of 50 free kicks a game. That meant that in the split second of decision time in the first minute of a game, when a tackle was laid, the umpire would think "Gee, if I pay this one, I'll have to do it all day" instead of did he have prior opportunity and is he REALLY trying to handball. He'd end up balling it up, thus creating packs. The next player would hatch the ball rather than giving it up as a loose ball, knowing he would not be penalised. Commentators praised such hatchers. The tacked player's team mates would not bother to get into position for a handball because there was no need to do so any more.
Apart from my desire to keep the ball moving, I also wanted to prevent serious injury and it concerned me that Carlton's Adrian Gallagher used to duck his head to evade tackles. The advisors instructed the umpires not to give him a free for around the neck but I went a step further, penalising a player who ducked and was tackled with fair intention and announcing, so every player would hear, that I would not allow players to deliberately put themselves in danger and cause opponents the emotional trauma that Essendon's Jim Carstairs suffered when he accidentally blinded Brian Johnson of North Melbourne.


When the two umpire system came in, I could not operate with most umpires as they were turning the beautiful game into the rugby described above. Imagine what a farce it would be: footy at one end and rugby at the other. It wouldn't lead to consistency of decisions and would be terrible for the players. Therefore, I lost ambition to get to the top as a field umpire and dropped down a level every time two umpire games were introduced.My new ambition was to have the captain of the losing side congratulate me after the game. Then I fell in love with the Under 16 competition. This was the last the E.D.F.L. saw of the really good players. I remember with fondness a game at Oak Park (captain, Andrew Coates) when a skinny little Anthony Rock was introduced to me as Hadfield's captain. When I walked onto the ground, there was a fellow with a video camera, Ian Coates, who with Billy Dellar had made me so welcome on the A.F.L. list in 1970. Sadly Ian already had the motor neuron disease that killed him but I was to run many V.F.A. games with Andrew.
Paul Chapman played Under 16footy with Blessed St Oliver Plunkett's (BOPS), now North Coburg Saints, in the 1980's. I remember a game at Tullamarine in which the crew-cut Paul took two screamers. Paul umpired at the same time in the Oak Park social league and used his experience to invent a new way to draw a free for around the neck, bending his knees to lower his very erect head. Now of course the Selwoods of this world simply raise their arms so the tackle slides up. How easily most umpires are sucked in!

One great influence on my umpiring came about in 1965-6 when I boundary umpired in the Bendigo League. It did not have its own umpires group so the field umpires such as my old mate Max Beer were sent by the V.F.L. and each club had two boundary umpires who did only home games. I trained at Castlemaine's Camp Reserve and knew the players well through this, travelling to away games, activities such as car trials (where I won but lost!), basketball and the social interaction that is a part of country towns. I didn't want to report my mates, so to be fair, I didn't want to report anyone. This meant that I had to develop a sixth sense so that incidents could be prevented. Much of this was the backward look a split second after the ball had been propelled down the ground (See John Knott.)

This sixth sense was best illustrated by an incident in the 1987 V.F.A 2nd Division Grand Final between Brunswick and Oakleigh. Steve Parsons, a key participant in the infamous Windy Hill bloodbath while playing for Richmond, was trundling the ball out of Brunswick's last line of defence only metres from the left hand boundary line with my attention being on the line and the ball which inevitably cross the line. When I signalled to the field umpire I noticed a strange look on Steve's face. I immediately stepped between Steve and the Oakleigh player to whom he was bound and settled him down. That night the videotape revealed the reason for his silent agitation, a punch in the guts.

Generally the game sucks at the moment. The ruck wrestling between Dempsey and Moore decades ago is still far too evident and the player who desperately dives on the ball IN ORDER TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT is treated like a criminal while his opponents who jump on his back, tackle him around the neck, push the ball back under him and basically do everything in their power to break the spirit of the laws (to keep the ball in motion) are rewarded with a free kick for holding the ball. Unless umpires are instructed to remove the death penalty for diving on the ball and to ensure he is tackled properly, a rule needs to be introduced that a player in possession on the ground may only be tackled by a player who remains on his feet. This would probably remove 50 per cent of ball ups. Cox and Buddy Franklin throw their opponent out of aerial contests (surely you firstly HOLD something to throw it!

SPORTSMEN I HAVE KNOWN.(Post 1962.)
1965-6
LES KANE. Former Hawthorn full forward coaching Castlemaine in 1965.
DEREK COWAN. Succeeded Killer Kane as coach and twice won the Bendigo League B&F, the Mitchelsen Medal.
KEVIN DELMENICO. The Delmenicos were prominent and were probably another Swiss Italian family that pioneered the Yandoit/Franklinford/Hepburn area. Kevin played for Footscray.
ROBBIE THOMPSON. Robbie was a star rover who went to Essendon. I think he played for High School in basketball.
PETER HALL. Peter was a tall player, like Kevin, who went to Carlton. Victoria's Minister for Education looks remarkably like the handsome young bloke I knew.
IAN SARTORI. Ian was a speedy skilful magpie, who like Kevin was probably a descendant of Swiss-Italians. (See Franklinford journal re Sartori.)
ROBBIE ROSS. I'm fairly sure Robbie was No 23 for Castlemaine. He was the receiver for High School's quick breaks that made opposition sides attack with only four players. (See Tarz Plowman.)
DAVID BROAD. David, like Robbie, was playing for Castlemaine as a 17 year old and was also in the High School basketball team. After a game one night, he took me into a meeting of the Develop Castlemaine Committee, and with such an interest in community affairs as a teenager, it was not surprising that he became a Shire Secretary.
KEVIN SHEARN. Kevin who was a mate from teachers'college could kick a country mile and played for Golden Square and I think was the coach. He had played for Northcote.
BRYAN CLEMENTS. Bryan was another teacher college mate, a ruckman who had played for Fitzroy. I think he was playing coach of Eaglehawk.
GEOFF BRYCE. Geoff worked for the S.E.C. and started basketball in Castlemaine. I hope their stadium is named after him. Geoff was not really tall and had some fingers missing but his rebounding and ball control was first class. He obtained the use of the Drill hall for our second season.
JIM BERRY. Jim, a policeman, and I were Geoff's lieutenants in getting the basketball association up and running,the three of us refereeing with a novice while they mainly observed until they had grasped the rules and gained confidence. Three of the teams were The Rebels, Fosters United and High School. The first season we played outdoors at St Mary's and then we moved into the Drill Hall. The High School team was mainly made up of young Castlemaine footballers such as Robbie Ross and his brother, Possum.Jim Berry was killed in a road accident not long after I left the 'Maine.
KEN HOWARTH. Ken, known as Lanky, was obviously tall and I believe played for Fosters United, in the basketball. Like Jim Berry, he was later killed in a road accident.
GEORGE SKINNER. George Skinner and John Bassett were the much feared opening bowlers for Muckleford. George went down to Melbourne to play District cricket if my memory is correct.
JOHN BASSETT. John and his wicket keeping brother, Graeme, made Muckleford a powerful side. Sadly, Graeme is very ill.
CHARLIE OLIVER (STEPHEN)The funny thing is that I never met Charlie. He was a cricket and footy legend. He played cricket for North Castlemaine which played in B Grade while Guildford and Maldon, for which I played, were in A Grade. In footy he was probably playing for Harcourt, Campbell's Creek or Newstead if he wasn't retired. During the summer, I couldn't wait to get my Castlemaine Mail and see if Charlie had made another century. Sadly Charlie lost an arm in an accident. His son Stephen, (presently C.E.O.of the Bendigo League?), was chased by Carlton and played a handful of games but preferred the country life and coached the maggies for some time. That reminds me of two other stars in the area, Ron Best and Doug Cail, century kicking full forwards, the latter playing for Northern United.
IAN O'HALLORAN Ian was a lovely fellow whom I think I met through basketball but it could have been footy. He was a former Geelong player.
TARZ PLOWMAN. Tarz (short for Tarzan)was Kyneton's full forward and was built like Sorrento's Scott Cameron only on a larger (not taller) scale. Not matter how high Robbie Ross jumped' he couldn't spoil Plowman's marks because Tarz was about a metre from back to front. Yet he could develop considerable speed on the lead and dish off a handball quickly to a team mate running towards goal.
1967
RAY McCUMBER. I have a feeling that Keiran Keogh played for Maldon but the player that I remember best was Ray McCumber. His magnificently timed drop kicks usually travelled at least 60 metres and I never saw him fluff one.
REX BEACH. Rex Beach was the Shire Secretary at Maldon and was the captain and a very good batsman for Maldon during my season there.

1968
JACK IRVING. Roughnut was a former V.F.A. umpire with a considerable playing background, who had much success as a V.F.L. umpire. When I returned to the Reserve Grade in 1868, he was the adviser.
BRYAN QUIRK. When I gained promotion to Kensington State School in 1968, I was Bryan's Grade 5 co-ordinator. He was a young man from Morwell making his mark on the wing for Carlton. Peter Dunleavey, the Art and Craft teacher, came to me on the last day of term 2, the day before my marriage, and said that Quirky wanted to see me. Reluctantly I left the two grades I was teaching (about 72 grade 5's) because Maureen Ginifer was ill. Quirky wasn't in his room.Returning, I was just about to pass the sick bay when its door opened and I was dragged inside by a host of bodyless arms which proved to belong to Dunleavey, Quirky and one or two others. They tied me on the bed which I regarded as being superior to being stripped. After they'd left I'd almost done a Houdini when they returned and retied me.Soon after a child from Maureen's grade came up and I asked if I was in the sick room. Peter's reply was a classic: "Yes but he's tied up at the moment." Bryan and I enjoyed recalling this incident much later when he was coaching Oakleigh in the V.F.A. Bryan had been the coach of the footy and cricket teams until his jaw was broken but was content to leave this task in my hands after he was able to resume teaching.
LAURIE DWYER. This speedy, skilful North Melbourne winger often conducted footy clinics at our school. Twinkletoes used his ballroom dancing experience to evade opponents in the heat of battle. What a true gentleman Laurie was!
ALBERT SCHOLL. Albert was the longtime secretary of the Churches Cricket Comp. and when I was 17, he arranged for me to play with North Essendon Meths. whose base was the Cross Keys Reserve. Our fast bowler was Vic Bubniw who was later a ten pin bowling champion. Vic was so fast that little me acting as fine leg/longstop often had to stop the ball which had only bounced once(on the pitch) inches from the flags.
BOB CHALMERS.Albert's death caused great sadness but Bob Chalmers was to fill the void. He was not only a longtime secretary of the comp. but wrote its history and that of the Aberfeldie school. His work in recording the history of the Essendon area is extraordinary. He also gave great service to Sport as secretary of the Essendon and District School Sports Association.
1970
ALAN NASH, ROSS SMITH. When I was promoted to the V.F.L. list Alan was the adviser. I remember him telling the umpires not to pay free kicks for kicking in danger when somebody (St Kilda's Brownlow Medal winner, Ross Smith, was given as an example) dived for the ball when an opponent had commenced to kick it off the ground.
BILL DELLAR, ANDREW COATES. Some umpires get big-headed when they reach the top but these two certainly didn't. They were welcoming to the most insignificant list novice such as me.
BILLY RYAN'S TWIN BROTHERS. A mark that Bill Ryan took in the 1st semi in 1968 is on the wrbsite called A.F.L. Greatest Marks. It is far from the best mark that Billy ever took; it would rank about 50th in the marks I saw him take. He was spectacular five or six times a match! He had twin brothers that played in the Mallee. One match that I had in the area was a bit fishy: Rainbow v Bream. They might have played for one of those teams, or perhaps Chinkapook. Anyway, I had one bloke pegged as best on ground by quarter time. He'd take a stratospheric mark at centre half back and pass to the wing, a few tackles, a hand pass, a blind turn, another tackle, a handpass, a pressured high kick to the goal square, and, blow me down, that high flier at C.H.B.has plucked another mark from the clouds 15 yards out. This had gone on for twenty minutes and I thought I'd better have a look at his number, not an easy thing for a fieldie if he's in the right position. He took a mark near the centre and I pretended to run the wrong way. At half time, the team sheets arrived and I said to the bloke from Superman's club, "That number ** is sure taking some speckies!" The team manager replied,"He's Billy Ryan's brother. So is number**; they're twins!" That solved the mystery but now I had a problem. They had already taken about fifteen marks each so I had to work out who was to get the three votes. If you think I'm exaggerating about their marking numbers, consider that brother Bill took 22 marks against Hawthorn in 1968.
1972
GRAEME LEYDIN. Graeme Leydin had been a year or two ahead of me at Uni High and had probably played in the same team as Bobby Clark (Footscray) and Ron Evans (Essendon.)He had been a former pupil at Flemington State School and was teaching there when Bryan Quirk's jaw was broken and I was propelled into the job of coach of the Kensington State School footy team. I taught the boys how to tense themselves when bumping, how to lead with the shoulder rather than the head when entering a pack and to always back up team mates in case of an overcooked pass or an errant bounce. We walked to the quaint ground next to the Flem and Ken bowling club, practising moving the ball from one end of the ground to the other against the stopwatch and playing practice matches against North Melbourne Colts. We played Graeme's team in the first game and beat the nineteen goals to one. In congratulating my boys after the game, Graeme said that he had been confident that his boys could win the premiership. As it turned our neither of our teams did so. Moonee Ponds West had about six boys a foot taller than any of ours and the ball never got low enough for the Kensington boys to reach it.
Graeme and I would meet at every meeting of the Ascot Vale School Sport Association, of which I became the secretary. When I started at Doutta Stars, Graeme was the coach.

JOHN SOMERVILLE.Our Club song was often sung after the senior side's games but rarely after my C Grade team's games. The tune was that of the Theme of The Mickey Mouse Club (D.O.U. T.T.A. S.T.A.R.S.) One memorable day the whole club celebrated as if a premiership had been won. That was probably the day that former Essendon star, John Somerville kicked about five goals from outside 50 yards to obtain victory for the C Grade side. As one would assume it was his only game for my side.
RAY FAIRBAIRN. Itchy was a veteran when I arrived at Douttas but was still a very good defender. His family had a bit to do with areas of interest for me, having been pioneers near Ballan (using Fairbairn Park as a holding paddock) and at Mt Martha.
MARCHESI BROTHERS.These two were tallish players who took fine overhead marks and probably sons of the North Melbourne player of a decade or so before.
ALAN GRACO. Alan Graco was a former Essendon player and his grandfather was probably the grantee of a closer settlement farm at East Keilor between the future Western Ring Rd and Norwood Drive houses (inclusive). The family had previously lived in Broadmeadows Township(Westmeadows) until 1919. Ten year old Norman Graco had accidentally shot David George Cargill, the son of the township's much loved butcher, Robert Cargill on 4-10-1919. The family was shunned by the townsfolk so they moved away. (The late Jack Hoctor, Google CARGILL, GRACO on trove.)
BOBBY PARSONS.Bobby was a ruckman and later acted as a trainer for the Stars before taking up umpiring with the E.D.F.L. with some success.
TAMBO, NARRER. Tambo was a very good player for the senior side and Narrer, a thin ruckman for the C Grade side. Someone on finding out that I played for Douttas asked me if I knew (whatever Narrer's real name was). I eventually found out that this person was actually Narrer but I've forgotten his real name now. It's very rare that anyone is actually called by his real name at a footy club!
1975-6
PETER OWEN. Peter struggled to get a game in the under 17's (I was told) but I have never seen such a complete footballer outside the V.F.L. His disposal on his non-preferred foot under extreme pressure was something to marvel at. He was captain-coach of Tulla's last two or three of their fivepeat and then coached Strathmore to a premiership in 1980.
ROBBIE EVANS. It never occurred to me but it is possible that Robbie was related to Ron Evans. Ron and Ken Fraser had been recruited from Essendon Baptists-St John's and formed the attacking part of Essendon's spine for many years. Robbie was a high marking forward for Tulla but at Coburg he was a star full back for many years.
PATTY POTTER. Patty wasn't a footballer but he was part of the fabric of a great Club. Thanks to Patty, Tulla was one of the first local clubs to have every game videotaped for the coach's review and for fans to view in the clubrooms.
RAY CAMPBELL. Ray wins my label of most determined player ever. Some (I never heard them)said that he wasn't an A Grade player but I'd be a rich man if I'd got a quid every time I saw him beat three A Grade opponents all on his own.
TED JENNINGS. Ted Jennings was the President of Tulla during its fivepeat (1975-79)and set the tone of sportsmanship for every player and fan. He acted as goal umpire for the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 11 side years earlier when they broke the ice at the Lancefield Rd (Melrose Drive) Reserve at 8:30 or some such ungodly hour on Saturday mornings with me on the boundary, Betty Davies yelling and Marty Allinson coaching.
RUSSELL PARKER. Russell, who ran a place in the Stawell Gift and organised the Tullamarine Gift, was a dedicated secretary and trainer for the Demons for a great number of years.I hope he has been given a life membership. He was a good player, who with his brother, Robbie McDonald etc came from Ascot Vale Pressies.
LEO DINEEN. Leo's grandfather was the teacher at Tullamarine (Coders Lane; S.S.2613) in the 1930's and Leo was an early suburbanite on the Triangular Estate. He started Little Aths.(as part of the Youth Club with his wife Shirley) and was involved in the formation of almost every sporting body in Tulla. He started the SONIC a monthly community rag that let all the fledgling community organisations gain support. The Spring St Reserve, and probably the merger of Tulla-Ascot Pressies and E.B.S.J. to form the Tullamarine Football Club, were largely due to Councillor Leo Dineen.
In about 1990, two years into my research, I requested Keilor Council to rename the Spring St Reserve as Leo Dineen Reserve but they replied that they did not name things after people who were still alive. However his son had read in my histories that I hoped this would happen, and after Leo's death, he approached me to support his move to resubmit my request. Luckily my "The Suburb of Tullamarine", produced for the 1998 Back to Tullamarine had much material from Leo detailing how the Commomwealth had paid most of the cost of Broady, Sharps and Lancefield Rds and so on. I had researched Leo's negotiating skill that had solved Tullamarine's Battle of the Halls in old Progress Association minutes. With such evidence of Leo's great contribution to Tullamarine and Keilor Council, how could Hume Council refuse his son's request?
1977-1983
LINNY WESTCOMBE, BRENDAN SMITH. Linny and his brother (Rod?)played for Glenroy and Brendan Smith played for West Coburg. They both had short fuses and my sixth sense, developed at Castlemaine needed to be on full power when I did the boundary in their games. They were both great players.
CAN I HAVE MY FOOTY BACK UMPY? The mention of Glenroy has refreshed a funny game I did at the oval near the Oak Park Swimming Pool. Glenroy U.18's played their home games there because there were too many teams to fit on Sewell Reserve. This was before the freeway and there used to be a procession of trucks up Pascoe Vale Rd. The match ball very soon found its way onto Pakka Rd and went off with a wonderful bang. The spare ball met the same fate not too long after. The closest description of the atmosphere would have to be the current Mars Bar Advertisement when the mountaineer compares the brakeless train's woes in the frozen mountainous wastes with his experience on Mt Everest but says to a nearby youth: "But you have a Mars Bar son!" The difference in this situation was that the lad was a 10 year old with a full size football. He yielded to his "responsibility" but held his breath every time the ball went a few metres east of the goal to goal line!

(JOHN?) KNOTT, RICKY McLEAN.I think his name was John, but I'm not sure. He was one of the best field umpires I saw while boundary umpiring. He had great control and was onto behind the play stuff. Once we had Ascot Vale at the Walter St Reserve. Ascot Vale was a really historic club and had celebrated its centenary before it was booted out of the E.D.F.L. Their ground was used for umpire training, tribunal hearings and grand finals during my time.
After his V.F.L. career, Ricky McLean had gone to Ascot Vale , joining one or two brothers there. In this particular game Ricky McLean had used his strength and skill to gain possession and kick it, under pressure,60 metres down the ground where it was about to be a certain mark to an Ascot Vale forward, when the whistle blew. Ricky had a go at the opponent that had legitimately bumped him as he kicked and Knotty paid the free kick to the opponent. From then on, Ricky was an angel.
I had been told that Knotty had coached Yarraville to a premiership and when I entered Knott, Yarraville on trove, I discovered that the Knotts were a fairly old Yarraville family, a brother in law of Joseph Knott having drowned in 1919, a member of the family having transferred from Footscray to Yarraville in 1928 etc.
Postscript. Knotty's name was John, he replaced the leading goalkicker as Yarraville's spearhead in 1963 and became umpires' adviser of the Western Suburbs League for seasons 1981-2. (google.)

BARRY HARRISON RICHARD VANDERLOO ANDY CARRICK. Richard Vanderloo was the son of a Glenroy man awarded an O.B.E. (or O.A.M.?)for his services to the Glenroy community. I think Richard was a Pro runner and he had a beautiful running style. He and I did the boundary in the interstate game against(Norwood, S.A.)and A Grade grand final in 1981 but in the first game or so of the 1982 season, the adviser, Barry Harrison, told us both that we were far and away the best boundaries but he was starting a youth policy and we would not be getting the top job again. I was disappointed but he had a point because I was about 39. Barry was later a V.F.A. observer (See Ronny Chapman.) In 1982, to keep my morale up, I set myself a challenge, to run to suburbs alphabetically. Somehow or other, this scheme found its way into V.F.A.folklore and I blame Andy Carrick. I think I remember Andy coming over to the V.F.A. for a while. As well as running alphabetical suburbs (Kew for Q because Queenscliff was a bit far), I used to do hill climbs (10X Afton St etc)in preference to swallowing rubberised bitumen at Aberfeldie Park. One night I talked Andy into doing the Gaffney St hill ten times. We only did it once and he said he'd never do another road run with me unless I carried a cab fare.
JACK HARRIS. Jack was the E.D.F.L. Administrator. Barry Harrison decided to devote a meeting night in about May to goal setting. Umpires were challenged to achieve the highest possible goals. David Richmond, a colleague at Gladstone Park Primary was umpiring with the V.F.A.and I had intended to have a run with him at Royal Park. I went a few days after the motivational meeting but found they'd left the rooms. I caught them and as I made my way through the group looking for Dave, I was impressed with the atmosphere of comradeship that was so evident. Arriving back at the rooms, I met the Adviser, Jim Chapman, the equally little bugger I could never beat around Albert Park Lake.

MID 1883-1990.
TERRY WHEELER.DANNY DEL-RE. After a handful of games in the Panton Hills League, and some seconds games, glowing reports from observers such as Billy McWilliams saw me appointed to a Yarraville game in the last home and away round of 1983, not bad for a 40 year old recruit. I had to report a Yarraville player, the last V.F.A.umpire to do so as it was the club's last game. The next year I became a regular on the first division panel and as a Williamstown supporter in the glorious 1950's, looked forward to doing a Willy game. Despite my reluctance to report players, Danny Del-Re was a naughty youngster and I had to do my duty. Terry Wheeler defended Danny to no avail but I became a fan of his that night. His pre-game whispered instructions (audible through the thin umpires' room wall)were just so logical and measured, just like his defence of Danny at the tribunal. When Terry coached Footscray, I became a doggies fan. I think Terry had respect for my efforts as a boundary umpire as well because of comments I heard him make to his assistants.

PHIL CLEARY. He was a cheeky little mongrel. This incident would never happen today because umpires are required to stay detached from scuffles. But as you know by now, I wanted to prevent reports not make them. Terry Wheeler and Phil were wrestling on the ground and I crouched down, practically kneeling so they could see and hear me, and told them to cut it out. Cheerfully Phil, who was on top, agreed and carefully placing his hand on Terry's face, he stood up. I think Terry was laughing too hard to seek retribution.
KENNY MANSFIELD. I should have reported Kenny but I was laughing too hard. I don't know whether it was Phil's idea or just popped into Kenny's mind at that instant. Two tactics that I would never tolerate as a fieldie were very common in the V.F.A. and V.F.L. in the 1980's. The most serious one was the swinging tackle with a closed fist, such as the one that lit Steve Parson's fuse in the 1987 Grand Final. The other tactic was to stand over an opponent who had been awarded a mark or free and was on the ground. The opponent had to walk backwards, doubled over, to get out from between the legs of the man on the mark.
Kenny didn't back out and did not stay doubled over, he just stood up, with his neck and shoulders hoisting the "groinal area" (as the SEN1116 boys call it)of his opponent, and not really gently either. I really should have reported Kenny for misconduct but I'm glad I didn't because that was the last time I ever saw the Stand Over tactic used in any competition.
MARTY ALLISON CAREY HALL. Marty Allison coached the under 10 boys, who became under 12's with much success. The boys then moved up to the Tulla-Ascot Vale Presbyterian under 13's, with Geoff Chivell as coach. Three of the very good players at the time were Bryan Allison, Carey Hall and Ian Scown. Bryan had a long distinguished career with Coburg. Carey Hall became a champion cyclist and married Kathy Watt. Ian Scown had talent to burn and was able to evade opponents with clever weaving and sheer speed but thought he'd get away with it forever. In the school team nobody was allowed to bounce the ball unless a team mate had told him to; if this rule had applied elsewhere, Ian would have played in the V.F.L. Instead he gave the game away in the under 16's when opponents (now catching up in maturity) managed to chase him down.
RINO PRETTO AND BUTCH LITCHFIELD.The V.F.A. game that gave me the greatest enjoyment was a second division game between Oakleigh and Sunshine at Oakleigh. Rino kicked 10 goals for the Oaks and Butch kicked 10 for Sunshine. Sometimes numbers of goals kicked can seem better than what they really are. Such as when an unopposed player is running towards goal and the full back has the no-win situation of deciding whether to just let him kick the goal or to try to put him off and see a handpass lobbed to the full forward.
The game was a non-stop series of fierce man on man contests with hardly an uncontested possession any where. There were no players 30 metres away from an opponent as we see in many games today and the only way a player would be set free would be as the result of a great handpass or shepherd. The leading and footpassing was superb all over the ground but the passes to the full forwards were so clever. A lightning quick lead would be acknowledged with a grass cutter that required a dive forward,Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead whose making a spoil impossible. Or there would be a long kick to the spearhead, whose opponent had taken front position and would be held out of the drop zone by legitimate bodywork . Don't ask me who won. When football is played so beautifully and you are part of the game, what do scores matter.

JOHN SUMMERS, DOUG GOWER. As mentioned before there was tremendous friendship between everyone on the V.F.A. list. At training, people preferred to run with people who would help them gain maximum fitness and with whom they had a special bond. I made the finals panel in my first full season and was in it till my last season, 1990, when I received the token appointment of emergency boundary for the grand final. And when the sun and new- mown grass announced the start of the finals, I didn't need to find new training partners; the three amigos were all in the finals panel again. John and Doug ran many First Division grand finals. Johnny knew every player and every player knew him.
RICHARD LESLIE. Richard Leslie and Richard Vanderloo were the most stylish boundary umpires I ever saw. Both seemed to float across the ground. Richard Leslie had a fine A.F.L. career.
RON CHAPMAN. Ronny Chapman must have been one of the earliest triathletes (or perhaps he did biathlons, that is, running and cycling.) One day he turned up for training after a fall from his bike and looking at his lacerated skin nearly made me faint. I often did road runs with him when the hockey ground was too sloppy to run on but used to leave plenty of room between us or I would have finished up with cracked ribs as Ron's arm swing had his elbows always 30 centimetres from his body.
Ron's mother must have forgotten to wash his mouth out with soap when he was young, if you know what I mean. Ron and I were to run together one day and someone on the panel knew that Barry Harrison was observing. Barry had a passionate dislike, swearing, and some of the panel, who knew about this warned Chappie to watch his tongue. Did he? Not @$%^&*$% likely! Barry went red!
STEVE DONOHUE. Having umpired the 1985 and 1987 V.F.A.versus V.A.F.A.games and 2nd Division grand finals, I decided that I had achieved all I could have visualised at Barry Harrison's motivation night and it was time for this 44 year old to retire. Part of the reason was that the V.F.L. was going to take over the V.F.A. and call it the Victorian State Football League.
I went back to the E.D.F.L. and did the first practice match at Strathmore. They hadn't even bothered to mark the lines properly and I was disgusted with the lack of the professionalism I had known in the V.F.A. So I pushed to the back of my mind the thought of the V.F.A. haters gloating over their revenge for Footscray's defeat of Essendon in the 1924 charity match and the defections of Ron Todd, Bob Pratt, Laurie Nash, Des Fothergill, Soapy Valence etc to the V.F.A.
Steve Donohue was the boundary umpire adviser for what was called the Development Squad, which was made up of promising youngsters from local leagues and some V.F.A. umpires who had remained. I think there was only one division now, and Steve told me that I'd have to start at the bottom and work my way up. It didn't take long until Steve was ringing Bill Dellar and telling him that there was a new boundary on the senior panel. When Steve answered Bill's query about how old he was, Bill spluttered, "Forty four, that's too old to be a goal umpire!"
1991-2.
BILL SUTTON. Bill was the boundary adviser for the V.F.L./A.F.L. Confusing isn't it? The V.F.A. became the V.F.L. and the V.F.L. became the A.F.L. How are footy historians going to explain what V.F.L.means when talking about the number of games played by a footballer in the last quarter of the 20th century. Was Barry Round a V.F.L, V.F.A. V.F.L. player? Bill was a top official in the professional running game.
At the end of the 1990 season, Steve Donohue, who obviously had respect for my dedication as a boundary umpire, since he made me the emergency in the Grand Final, asked me if I would help him as an observer. He had already used me as a mentor for youngsters such as Richard Leslie's brother, Sam.
Luckily there were several grounds near Tullamarine, such as Coburg, Preston and Brunswick, most of my observing being done at Coburg but Frankston and Preston were the best grounds for a good view. I would observe the last half of the reserves and the whole senior game. After a while Steve saw that I was capable of looking after the V.F.A. (that's what I still call it!) and he could help Bill with the senior boundaries.
ADAM McDONALD. There was one boundary that looked older than he probably was but the first time I saw him, I gave him my maximum rating of ten. And that happened every other time I saw him. A rating of 8.5 would probably get you onto the finals panel. I'd submit my finals panel at a meeting in early August and then we'd have another meeting early in our grand final week. "Are you sure?" asked Bill, Steve and Laurie Pope when I told them that I had nominated Adam McDonald for a grand final spot. I told them exactly why I was sure and Adam was in.
RABBIT FOOD.I quite like salad but after a long day,but you need something a bit more filling at 8p.m. The A.F.L. was so lousy that we struggled to get sandwiches or pies for our meetings, and don't forget that the travelling to observe was done at my own expense.We got a ticket to the grand final but there was no reserved seat so you had to get there at 9 a.m. and ask somebody to mind your seat while you went to the toilet.
I resigned after the 1992 season. I often wondered what had happened to that young fellow I had gone to bat for when others doubted his ability. The trouble was that I couldn't remember his name. Much later (2011) it popped into my head and I googled AFL, McDONALD. Well done, Adam!

DO SURNAME LIST AGAIN SO ALL NAMES GO IN. PROOF READ.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 8 months ago

TULLAMARINE:BEFORE THE JETPORT. THE FILE HAS BEEN FOUND.

A limited printing of this history was done for purchase at the Back To Tullamarine in 1998 with all proceeds going to the Gladstone Park Primary School. The pioneers at the 1989 reunion had expressed disappointment that they could not buy a copy of the handwritten Where Big Birds Soar, which I will later reproduce as a journal.

This journal has been prompted by Elaine Brogan (see comment under the Patullo journal) who told me yesterday that the book must be made available. No pictures or maps will be available here but you will know what they are about. I am killing two birds with the one stone here because the text will later be able to be pasted into a file in which I will be able to place the maps etc. For some reason, the original file disappeared. When I have produced this file, I will supply it to the Broadmeadows Historical Society.
Unfortunately photos from Olive Nash, the Crottys etc were photocopied and are not of great quality. The photo of Alec Rasmussen's picnic at Cumberland would have been a beauty. However, I may be able to ask Neil Mansfield, who is currently transforming the maps in my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" to professional quality, to improve these too.
I will be writing this journal one page (of the book) per day, (or the equivalent amount of text) because I cannot neglect the other journals that I am currently working on. The original text will be slightly changed because I am writing for family historians rather than oldtime Tullamarine residents and more detail will be given of pioneers in the area near Tullamarine. As I no longer have my extensive notes from rate records, Victoria and Its Metropolis, local histories, directories etc but much of the information is remembered, a name or part of it might appear in brackets with a question mark to indicate that I am relying on memory. The text may also change because it is much faster for me to write off the top of my head than slavishly transcribe the previous text verbatim. The original book is available for perusal from the Essendon Historical Society.

Although this is primarily a history of Tullamarine, many residents of Greenvale, Bulla and Broadmeadows are mentioned as well.


HERE GOES!

TULLAMARINE:
BEFORE THE JETPORT
My name 1998.

Photos. PICNIC AT CUMBERLAND 1911 FOR THE TULLAMARINE COMMUNITY. A WHOLE CART-LOAD OF HAY IS LIFTED BY A POLE AND SLEW AT HARRY NASH'S FAIRVIEW. COLIN WILLIAMS AND OTHERS IN FRONT OF HANDLEN'S HOUSE. THE DALKEITH HOMESTEAD ON THE NORTH CORNER OF DALKEITH AVENUE.

INDEX
TO BE DONE WHEN TEXT IS FINISHED BUT NO PAGE NUMBERS IN THE JOURNAL.
A.
CROWN SECTIONS, GRANTEES AND ACREAGES, PARTS OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
MAP

B. FARM NAMES IN THE SAME AREA OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
MAP

C. THE PROPERTIES.
HEADING TOWARDS BULLA ALONG BULLA RD (NOW MELROSE DR.)
LEFT SIDE.Mansfield's Triangle 89 ac.; Bayview (Nash, Campbell, Denham, 139 ac.); The Elms (Parr, 104 ac.); (S?)inleigh (Anderson 41 ac.); Love's dairy farm (257 ac.); Scone (Mansfield, Alf Wright, Alan Payne, Airport terminal area, 83 ac.), Gowrie Park (Thompson and Duncan, Ritchie, Donovan, Bill Ellis by 1960, majority of airport, 560 ac.); Glenara (Clark 1030 ac.)

RIGHT SIDE. (Starting at Wirraway Rd, Melway 16 C7.) St Johns (Stevenson of "Niddrie", Cam Taylor, 300 ac.); South Wait (John Hall, Jack Howse, whose family operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel across Bulla Rd, and bounded by Dromana Ave,Louis St and Rodd Rd, which burnt down in 1899; 1928 railway bridge; Camp Hill/Gowanbrae (Kennie, Lonie, Williamson, Gilligan, Morgan, Scott, Small, Cowan, 366 ac.); Junction Hotel/Cec. and Lily Green's "Green's Corner" store and petrol pump; Broombank (O'Nial/Beaman, Cock, Williams, Morton, Ray Loft, 34 acres); Peachey's dairy (Boyse Crt area-J.F.Blanche, Alf and William Wright, Peachey, 6.5 acres); Holland's 6 acres and Handlen's house on 1 acre (The Melrose Drive Recreation Reserve); Morgan's 2 acres; Sunnyside (Wright, Atkins, Heaps, 43 ac.); Fairview (Nash, 100 ac.); Love's 77 ac. wedge; Smithy (Munsie, Fred Wright); Glendewar (William Dewar, Alf Wright, Johnson, W.Smith, 407 ac.); Danby Farm (Hill, 20 acres.)

BROADMEADOWS RD (from Sharps Rd to Forman St, the part north of the junction now called Mickleham Rd.)
WEST. Dalkeith (half of Kilburn's 400 acre Fairfield, later Harrick's; 200 ac. George Mansfield who built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910, Dawes, Ernie Baker,Loft,Dawson, Percy Hurren who was postmaster and storekeeper at Jones' Corner, Moorooduc in 1950 and attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951); Junction Hotel and the Junction Estate i.e Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Crts; Strathconnan (Wright, Kaye, 142 ac.); Lockhart's "Springburn",198 ac.; Judd's "Chandos Park" 123 ac. including Westmeadows footy ground (Percy Judd, Bamford.)

EAST. Mansfield's Triangle, Viewpoint (E.E.Dunn, later Wright's northern 159 acres and John Mansfield's Grandview of 169 acres south to Camp Hill Park.); Stewarton/ Gladstone (Neil Black, Peter McCracken 1846-1851, Maconochie, Kerr, John Cock 1892-2012, Helen Melville, A.E.Hoadley, L.Roxburgh-after whom Roxburgh Park, Cameron's "Stony Fields" was probably named, Jim Barrow, F.N.Levin, 777 ac.)

SHARPS RD.
SOUTH. Hillside/Carinya Park (James Sharp, Reddan circa 1928/Joe Thomas, 294 acres); Broomfield (Crotty 243 acres.)
NORTH.Mansfield's Triangle (to Broadmeadows Rd); Fairfield (Kilburn, Harrick;400 acres), divided into, from about 1910, Dalkeith 200 acres and Brightview/Ristaro (Reddan/Doyle, 200 acres.)

ANNANDALE AND ARUNDEL RDS TO McNABS RD.
LEFT. Nash, Tom and then Arthur 188 and 165 acres (the 165 acres probably being Chesterfield, leased by the McCormacks whose daughter married Maurice Crotty); Glenview/ Dunnawalla (Alf Cock/John Fenton 254 acres including lot 10 A.C.S., ); O'Donnell's, later Frewen's lot 11 Arundel Closer Settlement, 32 acres; Arundel (Section 1, parish of Tullamarine, north to Oakbank and Barbiston- 1841 Bunbury,1843 Cameron,1853 Edward Wilson, 1868 Robert McDougall, 1889 Rob. Taylor 1904 The Crown resumes all of section 1 and part of section 2,Annandale.) Arundel Farm (the homestead built by McDougall on 179 acres with closer settlement lots 3 and 4 of 113 acres across Arundel Rd -1910 J.B.McArthur, 1925 Arthur Wilson, 1935 Frank Smith, 1949 W.S.Robinson, 1962 W.W.Cockram.)

RIGHT. Annandale (Bill Parr, 165 acres); Geraghty's Paddock (Mrs Fox and John Fox who had their own name for the farm which I can't recall, 121 acres), lots 7 and 8 (no long-term occupants, 200 acres)lot 6 81 acres; Elm Grove, lot 5 of 71 acres, Wallace; lots 3 and 4 (part of Arundel Farm.)

D.
McNABS RD.
WEST SIDE starting at south end. "Turner's", named after William Turner who was occupying it in 1861, was purchased from James Robertson (Upper Keilor) in 1903 by the McNabs. Originally part of Arundel sold by Edward Wilson; Arundel Closer Settlement lots 1 and 2, 128 acres, Fox; Seafield River Frontage 96 acres; Barbiston (to the west south of Barbiston Rd, 165 acres, Fox); The second Victoria Bank (Mrs Ritchie, Angus Grant, C.P.Blom, Griffin, Al.Birch, Shaw who called it Rosebank, 95 acres); Aucholzie (Ritchie, Murphy, W.Cusack, Gilbertson, 284 +110 acres in Keilor and Bulla Shires; Glenalice and Roseleigh (Mansfield etc.633 acres.) The corner of Mansfields and McNabs Rd was known as Farnes' Corner and it is likely that Charles Farnes owned part of Fawker's subdivision between Roseleigh and Gowrie Park. The hill towards Deep Creek was known as Gray's hill because of Donald and Agnes Gray, the only purchasers in Fawkner's co-operative apart from the Mansfields to stay there for a long time.

EAST SIDE. Oakbank (320 acres including the first Victoria Bank of 160 acres adjoining Seafield, McNab); Seafield (320 acres, plus the river frontage, John Grant, Bernard and Joe Wright, England and Jim Kennedy, Reddan.)

GRANTS RD.
NORTH. Gowrie Park, Scone. SOUTH. Seafield including Seafield School 546 where Incinerator Rd (if extended about 200 metres) would meet the runway. Ecclesfield (Spiers, Vaughan, Alfred Henry William Ellis, 101 acres); 37 acres on the south east corner (John Wright by 1913, William Wright by 1930 and on which Emily Aileen Ellis had just replaced Victor Williamson in 1943.

NOTE. Most of the remaining portion of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive. Ellis's corner was in Melway 5 D6. Gowrie Park was sometimes a single property and sometimes two properties, the smaller northern part, Gowrie Side, being purchased circa 1960 from the Donovans.(Full title information in my "Early Landowners:Parish of Tullamarine" can be supplied if requested.)

The Browns Rd area near the Arundel bridge was part of Section 1 (Arundel). This must have been sold quite early, becoming the Guthries' "Glengyle" and the abode of Thomas Bertram after whom Bertam's Ford was named. I have produced a journal about the Bertrams and there is much detail about the Guthries in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.

CHANGED NAMES.
BULLA RD. Now Wirraway Rd within Essendon Aerodrome and Melrose Drive from the railway bridge in honour of Jim Melrose, a pioneer aviator. Part of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive.
WRIGHT ST. South of the freeway, Wright St has been renamed Springbank St to prevent confusion for emergency services etc.
VICTORIA ST. (COMMONLY CALLED NASH'S LANE.)Renamed Greenhill St but now closed.
GRANTS RD. As above.
BROADMEADOWS RD. North of Green's Corner (the 711 garage of 2012), it is now called Mickleham Rd. It of course led to Broadmeadows Township and only went as far as Fawkner St. Journeys to the north would resume at Ardlie St. Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, was never made (refer to Harry Heap's story) but has been used to avoid massive traffic jams for Greenvale and Roxburgh Park residents, allowing them to travel at a reasonable speed through the Orrs'old Kia Ora to the top of the Ardlie St hill.
BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP is now Westmeadows.

FOOTY FELLOWS.
"Running with the Ball" by A.Mancini and G.M.Higgins reveals the first of two connections between the 880 acre "Cumberland" and Australian Rules Football. Thomas Wills bought section 7 Will Will Rook at the first land sales held in Sydney in 1838. Soon after, Thomas and Horatio Wills joined other "overlanders" such as Hepburn and Gardiner. Thomas may have sold Cumberland to Coghill soon after or actually lived there for a while. He eventually settled at "Lucerne Farm", the site of the Latrobe Golf Club (Melway 31 C12.)

Thomas Wills was the uncle of Tom Wills who created Aussie Rules in 1858 after experiencing another formative football code at Dr Arnold's Rugby School in England.(No doubt he had seen aborigines playing Marngrook too!) Thomas was also the stepbrother of the mother of Colden Harrison who codified the rules of the game in 1866, and became known as the father of football. The V.F.L. headquarters in Spring St was known as Harrison House.

Alexander McCracken was the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club as a 17 year old Scotch College student, the team playing on the Filson St, Harding St area of his father, Robert's, "Ailsa". Alex was the foundation President of the Victorian Football League from 1897 until resigning shortly before his death in 1915. He lived at North Park, now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St, Essendon but also had Cumberland as his country retreat where Alec Rasmussen conducted his picnics in 1909, 1910 and 1911 and the footy man could indulge his other great sporting love with the Oaklands Hunt.(See "The Oakland Hunt" by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)

PAGE 1.
BEFORE THE WHITE MAN.
The history of the Tullamarine goes back tens of thousands of years. Evidence of this has been found at a quarry on the Arundel Closer Settlement (Melway 14 K2) by James White in 1940 (the Keilor Skull)and later at Green Gully (the wetlands at Melway 14 G8)as archeological websites reveal. There is much confusing information about the aborigines. For example Doutta Galla was said to be an aborigine tribe and was said to mean many trees or no trees. The Woiworung were a language group which used the word Kulin to describe themselves.They consisted of the Wurundjeri, between the Maribyrnong and the Yarra with a famous axe quarry at Mt William near Lancefield, the Bunwurrung whose territory skirted Westernport and Port Phillip Bay(Nerm) as far west as the Werribee River, another tribe west of the Maribyrnong (two of whose phrases "I can hear a ringtail possum" and "a clump of she-oaks"gave the names of parishes west and south of the Saltwater River, Maribyrnong and Cut Cut Paw, the latter including Raleigh's Punt (Maribyrnong), Footscray and Braybrook Junction(Sunshine.)SEE MARIBYRNONG: ACTION IN TRANQUILITY.

One word which illustrates the spread of the Kulin (who hate being called Koories as this term comes from another languge group) is wonga. This meant bronze-winged pigeons and was used by the aborigines (who named features of places rather than the places themselves) to indicate a food source at specific times of the year. Arthurs Seat was called Wonga by the Bunwurrung, the reason for the name explained so well by Colin McLear in "A Dreamtime of Dromana." Surveyor Wedge heard his dusky friend say Yarra Yarra as they stood near the falls at the foot of Queen St and assumed that it was the name of the river. The aborigine was describing a feature, water rushing or tumbling, exceedingly so, as indicated by the repetition. Can you think of a place that might have had tumbling water and pigeons? What about Yarrawonga? It's a long way from Wonga Park and Arthurs Seat isn't it?

The aborigines were not as nomadic as most people assume. They travelled mainly in family groups and covered small areas which could provide for their needs in different seasons. The eel race which gave the name to a Seaford road and Eeling Creek at Rosebud give a clue to what the aborigines were doing at Solomon's Ford (at the end of Canning St in Avondale Hts) and at the two sites mentioned where creeks discharged into the Saltwater River.

Tullamarine, also called Bunja Logan, was a naughty lad. If my memory is correct, he stole potatoes from George Langhorne's aboriginal mission on Melbourne's Botanical gardens site but later, much more seriously, he led an attack on John Aitken's "Mount Aitken, west of Sunbury. He and Gin Gin escaped from the first lock-up by setting fire to the thatched roof.

Two words of interest in the Sunbury area are Goonawarra (black swan) and Buttlejork (a flock of turkeys, probably meaning emus, used as the name for the parish (across Jacksons Creek from Goonawarra) where the majority of Sunbury Township was located. As compensation for using fence posts intended for Robert Hoddle, George Langhorne, was supposed to have supplied the surveyor with 100 aboriginal words, among which were local parish names such as Jija Jika, Doutta Galla, Cut Cut Paw, Will Will Rook (frog sound?), Tullamarine, Yuroke, Bulla and Buttlejork. The odd one out in regard to local parish names is Holden, west of Jacksons Creek and including Glencoe, the site of the Sunbury Pops Festival, and Diggers Rest.

THE ANNALS OF TULLAMARINE.
1824. The first white men to pass through the area were those in the Hume and Hovell party. Cairns indicating their route were erected near Woodlands Historic Park (Melway 177 J7) and St Albans (13 J8.)

1835. John Batman arrived first and on behalf of the Port Phillip Association, bought much land to the north and west of the bay. Having followed the Saltwater(Maribyrnong) River to Gumm's Corner(named after his servant "Old Jemmy" Gumm, who later caused problems by working for Fawkner), he headed east to conclude his one-sided treaty with the aborigines.Batman then returned to Van Dieman's Land to finalise arrangements, leaving Jemmy and others at Indented Head, Near Portarlington to warn off intruders. They were saved from a murderous attack by Aborigines due to a barely intelligible warning from William Buckley, a convict at Sorrento in 1803 with J.P.Fawkner's father, who had escaped and had probably not spoken English for 32 years.
Batman's "Place for a village" at the top of Batman Ave is highly misleading because his preferred site was more likely Fisherman's Bend.
In his hotel in Launceston, John Pascoe Fawkner had heard Batman's boast of being the greatest landowner in the world and had immediately endeavoured to hire a ship. He had many problems, as described by C.P.Billot in "The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" and when all of these had seemingly been solved, the captain put him ashore just before departure because of financial matters that little Johnny needed to put in order. Fawkner invented seasickness to cover up this embarrassment. He instructed Captain Lancey to explore Westernport, but finding this and the Mornington Peninsula's west coast unsuitable, the party finished up at the waterfall at the base of Queen St and the natural saltwater basin just west of it. The falls, which ensured that the fresh water upstream was not contaminated by salt, were later blasted away and used for dockworks.

1836. Batman and Fawkner had reached some sort of compromise with the latter concentrating his agricultural efforts south of the Yarra but Governor Bourke had acted quickly to stop these overstraiters claiming land that rightly belonged to the Crown. (The aborigines of course had no rights but the unified and fierce Maoris in New Zealand won a treaty!) Bourke was of much the same mind as Batman regarding the place for a capital. A sandbar made it difficult to reach the basin and waterfall referred to previously so he named the most likely site William's Town after the King. Batmanville or Bearbrass or "the settlement" was named only in honour of the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne (whose name is correctly pronounced by Americans, with the emphasis on the second syllable!)

Soon land had been surveyed and sold in both towns and instructions were issued to survey from Batman's Hill (Spencer St Station site) along the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds, dividing the land into parishes of about 25 square miles. West of the creek was the parish of Doutta Galla and east was Jika Jika. North of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine was the parish of Tullamarine and north of Rhodes Pde-Boundary Rd was the parish of Will Will Rook. The parish of Tullamarine was mainly divided into 640 acre (square mile) sections except near creeks and was the last of these parishes to be sold.

1837. Land in the parish of Will Will Rook was sold and speculators, Hughes and Hosking bought much of it. When land values plummeted in about 1843 because of an over-supply of mutton, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought their land at bargain prices. Donald's widow sold her land between Rhodes Pde and Camp Rd in 1874 but the Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows township remained in the family's hands until 1929. Duncan sold his Glenroy West/Jacana land to James Chapman during the land boom of the late 1880's. The name "Glenroy" was bestowed by Camerons and it is possible that there was a family connection with the Kennedys. The author of "The Oakland Hunt" is D.F.Cameron-Kennedy! A whole ship load of Camerons came out in early times and it is not known whether there was a close connection between the Camerons of Glenroy, Ruthven and Stoney Fields (Roxburgh Park.)

The Campbells bought much land between Sydney Rd and the Merri Creek and one of Tullamarine's pioneers, John Grant, was to make his start at Campbellfield. Later grantees in this parish included Camerons of Ruthven, the Gibbs of Meadowbank and Robertsons of Gowrie Park (related through the Coupar sisters), and John Pascoe Fawkner of Box Forest (Hadfield.)Much land in the parish was later leased by John Kerr and Baker, both dairymen on a large scale.

1839. John Grant starts leasing land at Campbellfield. A decade later, he and his in-laws, the McNabs were to select land in Tullamarine.

Land in the parish of Jika Jika was sold.John Pascoe Fawkner was to make a purchase on his own account. His grants at Hadfield, Airport West and especially in the parish of Tullamarine in about 1850 were obtained on behalf of his beloved yoeman farmers, for whom he organised co-operatives. His Jika Jika grant was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Nothumberland Rd and Gaffney St. A later opponent of squatters, he was himself a squatter on a run near Mt Macedon which gave Monegeeta its name and was spared financial ruin during the 1840's depression only because his grant, Belle Vue Park, was in his wife's name.
Fawkner built a timber house which may have been extended as a double storey house by J.English in 1879. This stands at the top of Oak Park Court, as do the stables, now a residence, which were definitely built by Fawkner. Also near the house is an ancient oak tree, one of many planted by Fawkner, which led a later owner, Hutchinson of the Glenroy Flour Mill, to rename the estate Oak Park.

Fawkner did have to sell the part of Bell Vue Park east of Pascoe Vale Rd; the part south of Devon Rd was sold to H.G.Ashurst, after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named, and became John Kenan's Merai farm. He leased three farms fronting Rhodes Pde to tenants such as a Mr Hownslow who may have been related to Alf Hounslow, a Tullamarine pioneer.I believe that another tenant was Joseph Bowring; the Bowrings and J.Bowring Journeaux, pioneers near Red Hill might have been related to him.
His neighbour on section 23 Doutta Galla, across the Moonee Ponds Creek from the present John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve, was Major St John, a corrupt Lands Commissioner and magistrate. In his paper, the 5 foot 2 inches Fawkner let St John have it with both barrels and was sued for libel. Fawkner was found guilty and fined a laughably small amount; St John fled in shame.

1840.William Foster and his younger brother John (known as "Alphabetical" Foster because of his many given names) gained a 10 year lease of Leslie Park. Both of them had Leslie as a given name. The land on which their run was situated was soon surveyed and the lease was probably cancelled in 1842. It was probably in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine. William was granted section 21 Doutta Galla and section 3 Tullamarine which fronted Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John was granted section 20, Doutta Galla which was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the Maribyrnong River, extending south to the line of Spence St; this was called Leslie Banks and was later leased to William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend at Keilor and owned by the Delaheys for many decades. The land straddling Sharps Rd became John's after William returned home and gained the name of Springs. This caused confusion because residents on Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were both described as living at Springs! Most farms along Steeles Creek (fed by the springs and Spring Creek)such as Springfield, Spring Park, Spring Bank and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie)had names reflecting this regular water supply. To prevent the confusion mentioned earlier, Keilor Rd pioneers, such as James Laverty, were later described as living at Springfield.

John Murphy rented land on Glencairn (Melway 177 F12), later granted to Coghill, which became part of Walter Clark's Glenara. He later moved to Diggers Rest but Pat Murphy who was on Aucholzie (Melway 4 D5, homestead) by 1913 may have been related.

1841. Michael Loeman, who established Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island in 1850 (hence Loemans Rd which bisects the "Island") starts working for Dr Farquhar McCrae on "Moreland", bisected by Moreland Rd and named after a plantation in the West Indies owned by the doctor's uncle. (McCrae had bought La Rose and started building the bluestone homestead at the Le Cateaux corner in Pascoe Vale South, which was mainly constructed by Coiler Robertson. Loeman rented Moreland for 14 years and was granted land near Kiaora St in Essendon. The Moreland Rd bridge was called the Loeman Bridge and Loeman St in Strathmore was so named by his good mate, John Kernan.
Michael was involved in the Bulla Road Board/Shire from the beginning in 1862 and for very many years.

Alexander Gibb starts leasing land at Campbellfield which became Meadowbank and Gowrie Park, the latter granted to James Robertson. Alexander built the homesteads of both farms, the first remaining in original condition in Glenlitta Ave. James Gibb and James Robertson both married Coupar girls if my memory of Deidre Farfor's information is correct. Alexander's son, Alexander Coupar Gibb, who like his father was a shire councillor, moved to Berwick and became a member of parliament. Gibb Reserve in Blair St, Broadmeadows is named after this pioneering family.
N.B. The Robertsons of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield should not be confused with the Robertsons of Upper Keilor/ Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie or the Robertsons of La Rose/ Trinifour (Park St, Essendon near the railway line.)
Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm (of the same name) on section 14 Tullamarine, which is now covered by the majority of Melbourne Airport.

1842. Tullamarine parish is alienated (sold by the Crown.)Although several sections were sold immediately, much of the parish was not granted until about 1850. It is likely that the rest of the land was withheld from sale until potential buyers recovered from the depression. Whole parishes were not released for sale at once; advertisements for crown land sales found on trove demonstrate this. Section 1 became known as Arundel but seems to have been called the Glengyle Estate when the Guthries were on it before the Bertrams. Section 5 was called Stewarton; the grantee is shown on parish maps as George Russell but he bought it on behalf of fellow squatter, Niel Black, who probably wanted the 785 acres to hold his stock which was brought from near Colac by drovers.By 1846, Peter McCracken had started a nine year lease of Stewarton but sadly one of his sons did not make the move to the Kensington dairy and the Ardmillan Mansion. He drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek after accompanying his older siblings who would have crossed near Pascoe St (Westmeadows) to go to school in St Paul's church in Broadmeadows Township. John Carre Riddell was granted sections 6 and 15, the part fronting the present Mickleham Rd north of Londrew Crt becoming Chandos (later Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos (on which Bamford built his timber house.) Riddell later did a land swap with J.P.Fawkner so that all of his land was on the north east of the present Melrose Drive with Hamilton Terrace,divided into acre blocks, between the 1847 road, known as Mt Macedon Road, and Derby St, and the rest of the Camieston Estate becoming farms such as Fairview (Charles Nash) and Sunnyside (Wallis Wright.)

1843. John Martin Ardlie bought part of the future Viewpoint and Eyre Evans Kenny part of Camp Hill from the Crown. Streets in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) are named after them, Neil Black who had bought Stewarton
and a Mr Raleigh who may have been Joseph Raleigh, pioneer at Maribyrnong (originally called Raleigh's Punt). The first school in Broadmeadows Township was on Raleigh's land until St Paul's was built in 1850.

Major St John bought 23 Doutta Galla, that part of Essendon Aerodrome north of English St and Strathmore Heights/North which tapered as the creek headed south east to just include Lebanon Park at its eastern end.This land later had succession of owners with Flemington butchers, the Mawbeys, being most prominent.
Then it was split into two parts with Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" owning the 300 acres nearest to Bulla Rd and Robert McDougall of "Arundel" owning the 200 acres to the east. Niddrie was bounded by Treadwell Rd and roughly Olive Grove in Airport West, extending northwards to about Fraser St but the name came to describe the suburb south of Keilor Rd.Arundel was across Bertram's Crossing,north of Keilor, so Harry Peck's statement that McDougall and Stevenson were neighbours would not make sense without the knowledge of their land near Strathmore.
Harry said that the two shorthorn breeders were bitter enemies because McDougall favoured the Booth strain and Stevenson the Baines strain. Only a life-threatening emergency would make them speak to each other!
Cam Taylor later had St Johns (300 acres) and the late Gordon Connor told me that it was always green in the middle of summer because of Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. Gordon lived in Moonee Ponds but would help out with the harvest at Grandma Nash's "Fairview". When the first (northern) part of Essendon Aerodrome was opened in 1922, it was called St John's Field.

In the depression which reached its peak in 1843, Coghill at Glencairn and Raleigh at Maribyrnong established boiling-down works that helped some squatters avoid complete ruin. Tallow, the end product, was sent to England and returned as candles etc. George Coghill was probably also in occupation of Cumberland. It has been said that the expense of building the beautiful Cumberland homestead (ruins at Melway 178 C12) ruined him. (There is at least one photo of the house in D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oaklands Hunt" and I.W.Symonds has his sketch of it in his "Bulla Bulla".)

W.P.Greene settles on "Woodlands". Two Bulla street names honour his family, Rawdon being his son and Greene St (misspelt as Green St by some dill), was the diagonal western end of Somerton Rd which led to the southern boundary of "Lochton". The groom brought out from Ireland to care for the family's prized thoroughbreds was Thomas Brannigan who later established St John Hill across Konagaderra Rd from Harpsdale. It was at Brannigan's that Tullamarine pioneer, Maurice Crotty, first worked when he arrived in Australia.One of the Brannigans had a huge reputation as a rider.

1844. William Dewar establishes "Glendewar (Melway 5 D5) on land granted to his former employer, John Carre Ridell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne and lives there for 41 years. John Lavars, later to establish his Greenvale Hotel at the south west corner of Somerton and Mickleham Rds, starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville.

1846. Peter McCracken starts a nine year lease on Stewarton (the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens). During this time his younger son drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek (near Pascoe St) after accompanying his older siblings as they walked to school (at the newly built St Paul's Church) in Broadmeadows Township. In 1855 he moved to his dairy at Kensington (Melway 42 J4) while his "Ardmillan" mansion was built at 33 Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. Due to debts incurred through the faied private railway to Essendon, Peter was forced to sell Ardmillan in 1871 and moved to Powlett St, East Melbourne.

The Dodds and Delaheys settle at Oakley Park (the part of Brimbank Park south of the E-W transmission lines.) The Delaheys later owned "Leslie Banks", section 20, Tullamarine, between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the river, north of Spence St.

At about this time, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought thousands of acres of land granted to speculators Hughes and Hosking north of Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and stretching as far north as Swain St/Dench's Lane near Gellibrand Hill. From 1857, the Glenroy West/Jacana area was Duncan's share. Donald lived at Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill and his widow sold Glenroy in 1874.

Robert McDougall starts leasing on Glenroy. After 14 years, he spent 10 years on Aitken's Estate (Mel.27 G4) before settling at Arundel in Tullamarine. He also owned the eastern 200 acres of St John's whose grazing value would have been seen as he travelled between Melbourne and Glenroy much earlier. It was here that he and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (who owned the western 300 acres of St John's) were non-speaking neighbours, as Harry Peck described in "Memoirs of a Stockman".

William and Catherine Fanning purchase 144 acres at the south corner of Loemans Rd and the Diggers Rest Rd on Tullamarine Island. Edward Fanning, still in occupation, supplied me with much information about this area of Bulla in the 1990's. (See Kathleen Fanning's excellent website about the Fanning family and Martin Dillon, which has an excellent map of the shire of Bulla Bulla.)

1849.Edmund Dunn establishes "Viewpoint" ((6 B12.) A trustee of the Wesleyan church, he had no pangs of conscience about exiting his property towards Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid the toll gate at Tullamarine Junction (site of the Junction Hotel/Cec and Lily Green's store/Mobil garage and from about 2011, the 711 service station.)

David O'Nyall is running the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Springs. This name, Springs, was confusing because it described the location of James Laverty in Keilor Rd as well, the two locations being at the north and south respectively of William and John Foster's property, "Springs". David O'Nyall's hotel was a stab kick south of the Melrose Drive/Derby St corner and became part of "Broombank". (See itellya's O'Nyall-Beaman journal on Family tree circles.) It adjoined 6 1/2 acres south of Derby St that was part of J.C.Riddell's Camieston Estate and was owned by J.F.Blanche,became Stephen Peachey's dairy and was subdivided by Snowy Boyse, after whom Boyse Crt was named.

1850. Townships are declared at Bulla, Broadmeadows and Keilor. These later became the headquarters of three shires and still boast old shire halls, Keilor's having originally been a court house.

The remainder of the land in the parish of Tullamarine is alienated (sold by the Crown) to Kay, Chapman and Kaye; Loeman; and Fawkner (on Tullamarine Island); Grant and McNab brothers (section 8), Thompson and Duncan (section 14), and George Annand (section 2); Phillip Oakden (9A, the southern part of "Aucholzie) and A.Banthorne (9B,Barbiston and the Seafield River Frontage).

Section 8 was split into three, the northern 320 acres becoming John Grant's "Seafield". John had spent 11 years leasing at Campbellfield and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to Barber and Lowe's mill at the pipeworks market site (7 J10.) John also bought part of Oakden's grant at the south corner of McNabs and Barbiston Rds as a river frontage. He donated land for the Seafield National School (1859-1884) where the line of Incinerator Rd would meet the runway at Melway 4 J6.

Duncan McNab bought the middle farm of 160 acres, which he called Victoria Bank and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale. His sons, John and Angus,returned in 1880,Angus establishing a second Victoria Bank on 95 acres, formerly owned by widow Ritchie, between the north side of Barbiston Rd and Aucholzie.

John McNab called the southern 160 acres Oakbank. The Oakbank estate of later days included the first Victoria Bank, Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12) and a part of the Upper Keilor Estate indicated by Oakbank Rd (4 B11.) John's sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Assessments named them McNab brothers because there was such duplication of given names in Duncan's family. (This Scottish tradition led to the Cairns family of Boneo needing to use nicknames for almost every descendant such as Hill Harry and Carrier Harry!) Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup and Oakbank at Yendon near the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The McNabs also had land (Green Gully/Dunhelen at the boundary of Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future "Cairnbrae" (above Melway 177 D1.)Due to the given name confusion referred to above, I do not know whether they were from the family of the original Duncan or John.

John, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly "in-laws". Oakbank John's son Angus Duncan McNab married Elizabeth Meikle, whom he'd met while mining in Queensland, and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who, with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith,farmed Oakbank until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960.

Harry Peck said in "Memoirs of a Stockman" that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayshires in Australia. (The Tasmanian herd was based on Oakbank's progeny according to a stock pedigree website! See itellya's McNAB journal on family tree circles.) The McNabs are said to have imported the first Ayrshire cow (Oakbank Annie)into the country but the Grants also claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the locality was renamed) at Melway 178 H6.

The McNabs and John Grant probably occupied at least one seat on Keilor Road Board/Shire from 1863 until 1973 with William McNab serving as President five times.

W.Hall (possibly the father or brother of John Hall who established South Wait) received the grant to the land on which Caterpillar was built, extending south to the line of Dromana Ave. He also had land on Keilor Rd and for a short period had the Tuerong run (on the Mornington Peninsula) at about this time.

The Mansfields buy land(straddling Panton Drive) in the southern half of John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of section 13, Tullamarine. The Grays bought their land extending into the horseshoe bend in Melway 4 A2 at this time and were the only other original buyers to become established there. The hill rising from Deep Creek was known as Gray's Hill. Malcolm Ritchie, who had land on Tullamarine Island as well as Aucholzie, would have travelled this hill often so it is no surprise that he married Jane Gray in 1856. William Trotman, who became a pioneer at Greenvale bought lots 1-4 (Melway 4 G3) fronting the south side of the main east-west runway in 1853.

Eventually the Mansfields owned most of the blocks on both sides of Mansfields Rd. Roseleigh, whose homestead remains on the south side (driveway in 4 D3)included land on the north side. North of Roseleigh was Glenalice whose beautiful homestead stood right near the east-west runway and was built with payments made by a speculator who went bankrupt during the 1890's depression. (See itellya's journal about the Mansfields on family tree circles.)

Captain Hunter establishes "Lochton" (177 C4). Six years later a flour mill was built on the property by a Mr (David Robie? See I.W.Symond's "Bulla Bulla")Bain. I believe the Chapmans, whose haystack was burnt down at Saltwater River in 1856, but not on Tullamarine Island which had been sold to the Faithfullswere leasing from Captain Hunter in 1856.In 1857, George Chapman(who established Sea Winds on Arthurs Seat) came to Australia and married Elizabeth Bain in 1865.The Tullamarine Chapmans moved to Springvale and George may have stayed with them before moving to Dromana in 1862. Nelson Rudduck, Dromana pioneer of 1871 married Jane Sophia Chapman. (A Dreamtime of Dromana Pages 58-60, 75-8.) This suspicion of a Chapman/Bain link between Bulla and Dromana may seem far-fetched but so too was the idea that Percy Hurren, the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner Moorooduc in 1950 was the same bloke that owned Dalkeith (west of Broadmeadows Rd) after Leslie King Dawson. A Moorooduc pioneer confirmed that Percy had bought land up near the airport and Percy attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951!

St Paul's Church of England was built in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows.)

Robert Shankland, later to settle on Waltham at Greenvale, builds the original section of Dean's Hotel at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Dean St at Moonee Ponds. (Shankland's biography in Victoria and its Metropolis. )

1851.
John Dickins, of whom many details are included in Harry Peck's "Memoirs of a Stockman", establishes "Coldingham Lodge" (Melway 176 D-F 8-10) south of Dickin's Corner (176 D7)and bounded on the east and south by Jacksons Creek.

Malcolm Ritchie works on Glencairn (Melway 4 A-G 1) for George Coghill and likes the look of Aucholzie nearby (Melway B-G 6.)

1852.


Charles Nash establishes "Fairview" on lots 1-6 and 15-20 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate between Victoria and Wright St (Roughly Melway 5 G 6-7.) (Lands Office Volume 80 folio 902, vol.89 fol.203.)
Victoria St was named after the young Queen but Tullamarine residents called it Nash's Lane. Wallis Wright must have bought adjoining land soon after. After about 1923 Harry Heaps' family occupied Wright's "Sunnyside" and locals called Wright St Heaps Lane.
Charles Nash also bought "Bayview",109.5 acres,(between the e-w section of Trade Park Drive and the Catherine Ave/Janus St midline) part of section 3 Tullamarine,and a smaller block containing Tarmac Drive, from the Fosters. Vol.180 Fol.402 and Vol. 176 Fol.787. Purchasers near Fairview and Bayview were prominent Wesleyans such as the Andersons.The Wesleyan School No 632 was established at the bend in Cherie St, at the south east corner of Bayview in 1855, and the Methodist Church was builtin 1870 on Charles Nash's small block which had a Bulla Rd frontage at the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive.

Charles Nash sold the block for the church for 10 shillings (probably the transfer fee). The Nash, Parr and Wright families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church for well over a century.(Church Centenary Souvenir, 1970.)

David O'Niall builds the "Broombank Homestead" 70 metres from Bulla Rd at the end of a driveway that is now Millar Rd. He had been running the Lady of the Lake Hotel for three years. In 1852, travellers bound for Sydney were advised to go up Deep Creek (Bulla) Road and take the road to the right when they reached the Lady of the Lake. The road to the right must have been the present Derby St (which does a left hand turn to enclose the one acre blocks of "Hamilton Terrace", named after J.C.Riddell's partner, Hamilton) but continued through the unfenced "Chandos", bought by John Peter, vol.170 folio 2, to Fawkner St, Broadmeadows Township, now called Westmeadows.
After crossing the timber bridge, travellers would climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd. Obviously, Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd between Tullamarine Junction (Melway 15 J1) and Fawkner St) was not made at that stage.

Colin Williams told me of the huge number of coins his father found 40 years later while ploughing near the old hotel which had burnt down in about 1870. John Cock leased Broombank 1867-1882 and told Colin's dad, who moved in about six years later that there were ghosts. Ray Loft, who married Margaret Millar, leased the farm for many years but could not buy it until the death of the remaining O'Niall spinster in 1933. Catherine and Minnie refused to sell for sentimental reasons. (See 1860.)

William Chadwick starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville. Later he bought the 26 acres of Camp Hill south of Carol Grove (15 J-K3), was a butcher and licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel, and operated the Farmers' Arms Hotel on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St, Essendon for 12 years until he moved to Benalla in 1876 and built the Farmers' Arms Hotel there.

John Watt, longtime bell-ringer at the historic Scots Church,Campbellfield (if my memory serves me correctly), after six years renting on Glenroy, establishes "Oakfield" (if my memory etc) east of Tarcoola Drive (Melway 179 K 9-11.) His grant later contained a reservoir that supplied Tullamarine's first reticulated water and was probably operating until the Greenvale reservoir was ready to supply water in the 1970's.



1853.
Maurice Crotty starts working for the Brannigans at St John's Hill (Melway 384 J4.)

John Beech had a store in 1853 and started the Beech Tree Hotel. (See itellya's journal about the hotels near Tullamarine on family tree circles.)

John McKerchar establishes "Greenvale" (178 G5.) He married Catherine McNab of (the first)"Victoria Bank"in 1855 and was responsible for obtaining the school on the Section Rd corner, across the road from his farm.

Robert Shankland establishes "Waltham" at Greenvale. The Greenvale reservoir now covers Waltham and its neighbour to the west, "Glenarthur". Robert's son, William, had "Brook Hill" south of Somerton Rd where the Shankland Wetlands have been established.


Argus newspaper co-owner and editor, Edward Wilson buys Arundel. He built the bluestone dairy, still standing proudly, and may have sold the land which the McNabs called Turner's (Melway 4 E12.) Wilson was the leading light of the Acclimatisation Society, which aimed to introduce crops etc but also to make the colony more like "home". Arundel was known as a "model" farm ; experimental crops, Chincilla rabbits and exotic amimals such as monkeys were prominent features of the farm. (K.B.Keeley's Architectural Thesis on Arundel.)

David Patullo establishes "Craigbank" north of the Martin Dillon bridge on Wildwood Rd. (See Kathleen Fanning's Fanning Family History website and itellya's PATULLO journal on family tree circles.)

Ann Parr and her son, James Henry arrive in the colony. James Henry and his wife, known as Da and Ma Parr, later owned "The Elms", which was later carried on by their son,Sam Parr,while his brother Cr Bill Parr farmed the north eastern part of section 2 for which he retained the old name, Annandale. James Henry and Bill Parr were presidents of the Shire of Keilor 6 and 4 times respectively.

Malcolm Ritchie and family establish Aucholzie CONTINUE .

There is no need to continue because my file has been found. See comment 1.

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

THE TASSELLS OF SAFETY BEACH, RED HILL AND SORRENTO, VIC., AUST.

Excerpt from my journal THE RED HILL by Sheila Skidmore.

P.41-3. The Village Settlement. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned. Therefore, they are detailed below.


H.TASSELL, 74a, 20 acres fronting main road west of Prossors Lane. The Tassells were no longer on the village settlement in 1902, apparently having been followed there by Tom Sandlants. Edwin Louis Tassell had leased the northern 1000 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey in the 1860's. This was between Ellerina Rd and Tassells Creek, extending east to the corner of Foxeys and Bulldog Creek Rds (Melway 151 K11-12) and became the Bruce Estate. Tassells Creek is now called the Martha Cove Waterway but Tassells Rd at Safety Beach recalls his seemingly brief tenure. Edward Luis Tassell was assessed on the 1000 acres, leased from W.J.T. "Big" Clarke in 1863 and in 1864 Louis Edward Tassell was similarly assessed (N.A.V. 45 pounds.) In 1865, he was called Edwin Louis Tassell.In view of the name changes, I assumed that the family had moved away after the death of the father. However, because of the brief tenure on the village settlement, I suspected that the Tassells were quitters. Out of respect for our pioneers, I could not harbour this suspicion without justification, so it was back to the rate records at the library this morning!

The Tassells were assessed last, on their 1000 acres leased from Big Clarke, in 1868. In the assessment of 4-9-1869, the name of Edwin Louis Tassell was crossed out and replaced with Robert Brown Riddler, leasing from Bruce, who had obviously just recently married Big Clarke's daughter and received, according to Colin McLear, his wedding present.The new occupant morphed into Robert Broome Riddler who was still there in 1873, his land being described as only 100 acres in 1871 despite having the same nett annual value as the 1000 acres in 1870 and 1872!

I tried Trove to find out where the Tassell family was between 1869 and the purchase of the village settlement block and found a nugget! The Argus, 7-5-1874, page 12. "MT MARTHA. Tenders are invited until 12 May, 1874 for a three year lease of Brokil Estate (lately occupied by R.B.Ridler, Esq. butcher, previously by the lateE.L.Tassell, Esq.) containing 1024 acres of good pastoral land, well watered and subdivided, a large portion sheepproof. J.Vans Agnew Bruce, Fletcher St, Essendon."

I have not found a death notice for Edwin Louis Tassell but he had died before May 1874. Perhaps he had died at the Brokil Estate, leaving Clarke without a tenant, thus providing his son in law with the option of choosing a tenant to occupy his wedding present. I am sure that Bruce was the partner in Bruce and Cornish, the firm that built the Mt Alexander and Murray River Railway, which deviated miles from the direct course so it would pass through Big Clarke's estates recalled by Rupertswood and Clarkfield.(The upper part of Tassell's Creek is still called Brokil Creek.)

Another trove entry which might apply to the Safety Beach pioneers concerns Edward Tassell suing Matthew Ingle Brown of Greenhills, Diggers Rest for wrongful dismissal. He was employed as a boundary rider at 45 pounds a year but also had a right to rations,and to graze cattle and cultivate a small paddock. Big Clarke was not a spendthrift but had made his way in the world by shrewd practical knowledge resulting from hard work. Thus he had sympathy with strugglers and may have arranged a job for Edwin Louis Tassell's lad with a tenant on his huge Rockbank Estate, which was in the parishes of Maribyrnong and Holden. Brown had left an overseer called Allen in charge. Allen fed Edward rotten mutton which caused an argument and Edward's wrongful dismissal by Allen. (The Argus, 23-11-1872 page 4.)

As H.Tassell was the grantee of 74a in the village settlement, it is reasonable to assume that Henry Tassell of Sorrento was connected. S.Tassell was granted a wine licence at Sorrento (Mornington Standard 3-12-1896 page 3) not long after the wife of Henry Tassell of Sorrento had given birth to twin daughters on 23-5-1895 at Fitzroy (The Argus 24-9-1895 page 1.) The birth might have taken place at his mother in law's place or at St Vincent's Hospital which opened at about this time in a row of houses if my memory serves me correctly. Henry would not have been the only Red Hill resident connected to Sorrento. The Heads sold produce there and a descendant presently plays footy for the sharks; Thomas Appleyard who displeased Red Hill residents by closing a main road straddled by his huge property was a Sorrento resident.

There were parcels and goods waiting at Mornington Station for 22 recipients including Tassell.
(Mornington Standard 30-5-1908 page 3.)

One last trove entry shows that Edwin Louis Tassell was interested in municipal affairs. The candidates standing for three vacancies on the Kangerong District Road Board in August 1864 were William Grace (of Gracefield at Dromana and grantee of the block at Rye on which Sullivan, his son in law, built the Gracefield Hotel,replaced in 1927 by Mrs Hunt's Rye Hotel), James Purves (mainly absent owner of the Tootgarook Station, which was run by James, the son of his deceased brother, Peter),Edwin Louis Tassell, Richard Watkin (Dromana Hotel)and Francis Edward Windsor (grantee of about 176 acres between Margaret Davies' grants and McIlroys Rd on which L.Tassell was leasing 25 acres by 1919.) Unfortunately no results of the election or 1865 meetings appear on trove and Colin McLear does not mention the members, so we must wait to see if Edwin was successful.


Like many of the early Survey tenants, the Tassells moved towards the red hill. H.Tassell must have been daunted by the amount of clearing that was required on 74a. (An article entitled "Around Red Hill" on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 gives great detail of the village settlement pioneers but does not mention any members of the Tassell family. Tom Sandlant seems to have been on 74a, which had been heavily timbered but he had cleared it.)
However, the 1919-20 rates reveal that L.Tassell of Footscray was assessed on 25 acres, part 13A, Kangerong. This was roughly a third of the 77 acre allotment, granted to Frances Windsor fronting the south side of McIlroys Rd with an extension of Andrews and Nashs Lanes indicating the west and east boundaries.

In my trove research on the Tassells, I found many references to Dr Robert Tassell, a station master that spent four and a half years at Tooradin (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 22-8-1918) and families at Geelong, Orange Grove Nth Essendon and to the east of Melbourne but none that could be tied to the Safety Beach pioneers.I recall a death notice referring to Deer Park, which is not far from Footscray, so there may have been a connection there, given L.Tassell's address in 1919.



C.THIELE. 74b, 20 acres south of Tassell's.
H.P.PROSSER.74c? and d of 20 acres each fronting the west side of the second half of Prossors Lane.
W.MARSHALL.74c, 19 acres at the east corner of Prossors Lane.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

RED HILL, VIC., AUST. (Entry from my Peninsula District History.)

This journal describes where the grantees' land was in greater detail than in the other journal but also contains information from Keith Holmes about later occupants of those blocks and even some genealogy. Sheila Skidmore has excerpts from Joseph McIlroy's diary about working at Huntley's and later leasing the property for five years. Here we find out where the Huntley property was.

Red Hill.
THE FIRST SETTLERS.
The Bunurong* people were the original inhabitants and their dreaming recounts the flooding of their former hunting plain, Nerm, (with the stream mistakenly called Yarra Yarra flowing through it to join the Tamar in what is now Bass Strait).
(* There are multiple spellings for this word.)
Their territory included the Port Phillip Bay coast from the Werribee River to Point Nepean and extended around Westernport to Gippsland but they would be wary of going too far east because of their fierce neighbours. No doubt recent dredging of the bay sucked up countless middens from the former banks of the Yarra and the Werribee rivers; the latter stream would have been followed on the way to the western boundary of their territory, where one of their number might have yelled, I can see a ring-tailed possum! in words that have been corrupted to Maribyrnong.
With so much coastline, it was inevitable that they would spend much time on the coast and shellfish middens were found in abundance. They built eel races and this probably accounts for the naming of Eeling Creek at Rosebud and Eel Race Rd at Seaford. They spent time at the spot still dotted with banksias where Dunns Ck meets the bay at Safety Beach, and entertained the McLear lads with their returning boomerangs. The McCraes of the Arthurs Seat Run were more understanding than most early settlers and groups of aborigines would camp near their homestead for several days.
They were nomads but not in the way that people think. The area was broken up so that small groups could each have their seasonal harvest; one of the groups, Tal Tal, is recalled by a street name in Mt Martha. In this way food was sourced sustainably, in the same way as a farmer limiting the stock numbers in a paddock. Without calendars they knew exactly when to move on to the next designated place from signs such as the appearance of a bird or a tree starting to blossom.
Did they spend time in Red Hill? Although they were not great lovers of forests, and used fires to turn these into the open forests that the first British observers likened to Gentlemens estates, it is likely that food sources existed in that rich red soil that were unavailable elsewhere. It is easy to imagine Georgiana McCraes friends waving farewell as they moved east toward the Bunurong Track to climb over Wonga. In the Wurundjeri tongue Wonga meant bronze- winged pigeon and as the two groups shared a common boundary (the Yarra), they probably had a common definition. They named the hill Wonga because these birds decended on Arthurs Seats scrubby timbered areas in huge numbers and, as they made excellent eating, Ben Benjies group probably grabbed some fast food on the way to Red Hill. (Quotes from P.8 of A Dreamtime of Dromana.)
Having sampled Red Hills bounty they might have moved to their next camp at 148 D2 before going east to Watsons Inlet, or stopped at Blacks Camp (253 A1) before crayfishing near Cape Schanck.
Hec Hanson was told by his aunt, Emily Lenz, nee Purves, that only she and Hecs mother were at Tootgarook Station one day in the late 1880s when seven aborigines came to ask for a drink of water from their well. Frances was only about 6 and was probably terrified so Emily, 16 years older, calmly responded to their request. Each drank appreciatively until the mug was given to the last one, who threw it away because, as the leader, he expected to have been served first.
This story runs counter to claims that the first inhabitants disappeared from the peninsula within decades. Although numbers declined rapidly at first because of European diseases, alcoholism etc, the Bunurong were probably not denied their hunter- gatherer lifestyle as much as the Wurundjeri were by the likes of North West (Melbourne) settlers such as Aitken, Taylor, Robertson, Big Clarke, Brodie, Foster and Walter Clark who ran thousands of sheep and got rid of the kangaroos. Kangaroos were hunted relentlessly by peninsula pioneers too, as Colin McLear recalls, but as long as the Bunurong stayed in lime country, there would have been little objection to their walkabouts as long as they left the Purves and Ford bullocks alone.
It is a pity that Barak Rd (146 E8) is so named. William Barak was a Wurundjeri elder who died at Healesville, as many Bunurong probably did, all of the remaining Kulin near Melbourne having been removed from their homelands. Barak was a fine man but surely a suitable Bunurong name could have found in Protector Thomass records, such as that of his wifes friend who was devastated when Mrs Thomas had to go to Melbourne.A Street in Melbourne Airport was to have been named after Barak in 1988 but the historic renaming project was abandoned at the last minute with only Gowrie Park Drive eluding the veto.

PARISH MAPS.
For this history, I will use the boundaries of Red Hill and Red Hill South as given in Melway, although I might mention people and properties just outside this area if they were historically associated with Red Hill.
I will not discuss the runs as this information is given in other histories. It seems that the more northern runs afforded better grazing than those south of Hearns Mount Martha Sheep Station. Maurice Meyricks relatives had a much longer tenure at Coolart than he did at Boniyong, but he gave us two place names, Merricks and Boneo. The Purves made a success of horse breeding at Tootgarook and Peters descendants obviously later used Green Hills in Purves Rd for the same purpose.
Runs were a stop-gap measure to control settlement until land could be surveyed and sold. As some, such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke, were determined to buy as much land as possible, by the time the peninsula was surveyed no more square mile allotments were on offer such as near Tullamarine in the 1840s; most were 160 acres as was common earlier closer to Melbourne and near creeks or main roads.
This did not stop Glass and Clarke. The former obtained the grant on the Safeway side of Boneo Rd but a nearby allotment seems to have bought for him by a dummy bidder and Clarke finished up owning Jamiesons Special Survey, which included Safety Beach and extended east to Bulldog Ck Rd.
Red Hill is situated in Kangerong and Balnarring parishes, but many Red Hill farmers had land west of Mornington-Flinders Rd in the parish of Wannaeue. A small area of land east of White Hill Rd is officially in Dromana, but as many of the grantees here were described as being in Red Hill, I will list them with the Kangerong Grantees.
ABOUT THE GRANTEES.
In LIME LAND LEISURE and elsewhere, it is often stated that a pioneer bought (Crown) land. The date specified is usually that on which the pioneer selected the land. It is true that early grants went to the highest bidder, usually members of the squattocracy who were aristocratically born but unable to inherit the family estate at home. Once the political power of this elite was broken by critics such as Edward Wilson of Arundel in Tullamarine (Argus editor) and fiery 5 foot 2 Johnny Fawkner, the politicians saw the merit in the land right demands of the Eureka rebels. Even humbly born men such as Hugh Glass and Big Clarke were snapping up all the land they could by using dummy bidders.
The selection acts required that land had to be marked with corner posts, surveyed and a licence applied for; the selection was not to take total holdings above 320 acres. If a selector did not live on the land, or make improvements such as fencing, buildings or cultivation, the licence became void. The cost of these improvements was taken off the purchase price when the selector had been a good boy and could afford to buy, often at least 10 years after he had selected the land. (Ray Cairns, Robert Adams licence application for Balnarring land in the angle at the north end of Tucks Rd between two properties belonging to his in-laws.)

THE GRANTEES.
A Melway reference or description of boundaries will precede details of each grant.
Kangerong Parish..
7B. (190 C-E 1.) 150 acres, granted 27-3-1879. Settled by Watson Eaton and granted to his executor, Rebecca Griffith.This is just west of Red Hill but it is included to explain the naming of Eatons Cutting Rd, which is the boundary. At least one Red Hill resident (Thiele) was killed in an accident on this hairy road. Watson, brother of gold mining Bernard, had partly completed medical training before leaving America, and died in 1877 from a fall while riding to attend to a patient. The Watsons and Griffiths farmed together on the Safety Beach area when they first arrived.

10A. (190 F1-3) 173 acres granted to George Sherwood. This became W.A.Holmes Outlook Paddock

10B. (Sheehans and Tumbywood Rd were boundaries and the land shares a boundary with the Holmes Rd Reserve (which itself seems to have been reserved in 1856.)
172 acres granted to Robert Caldwell in 18(68?)

11AB. (Between Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane.) Granted to James Wiseman. The acreage on the parish map is illegible here but it seems to indicate a total of 93 acres. Rate books show that the shopkeeper/blacksmith had 106 acres so I must assume that the missing 13 acres were needed for Wisemans Deviation (White Hills Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner).

18A. (160 K12) Almost 51 acres granted on (3-6-1860?) to Henry Dunn, who called this hilltop property Four Winds and built a shop on the corner. Henry had rented Jamiesons Special Survey from 1846-1851 and had rented land on Hearns Mt Martha during the same period. He was a pioneer of the Dunns Rd area of Mornington. As if this was not enough land to manage, in 1879, he was farming S.S.Crispos grants, which were later Edward Williams Eastbourne and from 1980 Charles Jacobsens Village Glen.

Between White Hills and Harrisons Rds, heading north from Four Winds, were:
65 acres owned by Thomas Appleyard, who also had most of the land east from Harrisons Rd (to the line of Bowrings Rd);
the Dromana Secondary College site, possibly part of the racecourse;
the racecourse which operated until about 1927 and is now a recreation reserve*;
the Moat(pronounced Mowatt) familys land, responsible for the corner at the Highways bend becoming known as Moats Corner.**
(*A course also operated on Watkins 16 acres and then Lou Carriggs 33 acres, behind the Dromana Hotel until 1923. ** Some of the Moats became Rye pioneers.)
Fronting the Bittern Rd from Harrisons Rd were George and Susan Peatey (101 acres), Alf Harrison 63 acres, James Clydesdale (63 acres), who had all followed Henry Dunn as tenants on the Survey, and the McIlroy family after whom the road heading east from Dunns shop was named. The Peateys found their land too wet for farming and in 1888 became early residents of the Rosebud street named after later neighbours, the McDowells.

12AB. (Between Arkwells and Andrews Lane, including the showgrounds and extending north to the Two Bays Estate Vineyard.) 143 acres granted to John Arkwell in 18(62?) and 1870.

13AB. (West of Andrews Lane to the Mechanics Rd corner, including all the Kindlian Society land, which extends to the north boundary.) This was granted to Margaret Davies on 20-8-1877 and consisted of just under 130 acres. 13c of 23 acres, north of A and B, was granted to Frances Windsor.

14 AB and 16B. (Frontage to Mechanics Rd and Station St to the west boundary of Vines of Red Hill. Donaldson St heads north west to the boundary between 14 A and B and then indicates the western boundary of 16B, which includes Ellisfield Farm.) Granted to William McIlroy (14B in 1864) and totaling 294 acres.

15 AB.
HOLMES.
Source: Keith Holmes.
Keith believes that there were two completely different Holmes families associated with the Red Hill area but there could be some link back in the old country and extensive genealogical research would be needed to prove that there was no connection, as in the case of Henry William Wilson of Dromana and George Wilson of Shoreham Rd.
1.The Kangerong rates for 1864-5 and 1865-6 reveal that Holmes was assessed on 140 acres; he would have been occupying the land under licence from the Crown. The Kangerong parish map shows that J Holmes was granted lots 15 A and 15 B of 104.3.34 each (six perches, about the size of the cricket pitches area on the M.C.G., or 150 square metres, short of 105 acres.) It is likely that he had settled on one of these blocks and the rate collector had written 140 instead of 104. Once a mistake like this was made, it would be carried on for years, because rate collectors would basically copy the previous years details and make alterations if they received knowledge of a sale or new lessee.
15 A and B were at Melway 191 E-F 3 and extended south from the Kangerong Conservation Nature Reserve to Red Hill Rd with the south west corner being just north of Rosebank Cottage. The northern half appears to have been granted in the 1870s and the southern on, possibly, 3-7-1873. The northern half was granted to J.Holmes & Co. The 7-9-1867 assessments show that the other partner was Lawrence Weadson. Holmes is not recorded in the 1879-80 rates but it is pleasing to see that the rate collector now calls the original property 105 acres. It must have been at about this time that the first Holmes pioneers left Red Hill.
John Huntley, gardener, owned 105 acres in Kangerong. Keith Holmes confirmed that he was on land granted to J.Holmes. This was the southern half, which now includes the VINES OF RED HILL land. In 1900, Mrs Mary Huntley was assessed on the 105 acres; John had died and Mary was a widow. She was not assessed in 1910 and Keith Holmes explained why. Jack Shand, the son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married Mary and after living on the 105 acres for a while longer, Mary and Jack moved to Merricks North, where for some reason, Jack was then called Peter. Perhaps his second name was Peter and there was a cousin called Jack already living in the new location.
The northern half was being leased by gardener, William Kemp, from Wadesson and Holmes executors in 1879.Kemp received a grant of 100 acres on the east side of Bowrings Rd on 3-2-1904 and was occupying it by 1900, by which time 15 B must have been broken up and was possibly occupied by Fred, Henry, James and Jonathan Davis (a total of 106 acres).
Between Donaldson Rd and a northern extension of Bowrings Rd were three lots between 13-14 and McIlroys Rd: 16A (T.Milner, 88 acres, granted 11-12-1862) and west of it, 17 AB (with 13C totalling 188 acres, granted to Frances Windsor.) True pioneers of the area north of McIlroys Rd include the Counsel family, which was involved with Gracefield in Dromana, Robert Coxon Young, Andrew Fritsch, and J.Davey.

RED HILL SOUTH.
Balnarring Parish. (East and South of Red Hill Rd.)
South of Craig Avon Lane/ Dromana-Bittern Rd and west of the line of Tonkin Rd.
79A (161 J11-12) 126 acres granted to J.Davey.
79B (191 H-J1) 128 acres granted to George Sherwood on 28-11-1872.
78A. (Western part of Port Phillip Estate Winery extended south to Stanley Rd.)
W.Gibson received this grant, consisting of 190.1 acres on 23-7-1874.
78 B1. (Eastern part of the winery extended to Stanley Rd.) Granted to J.B.Journeaux on 22-1-1877 and consisting of 95 acres. The grantees middle name was Bowring, which indicates a relationship through marriage between the two families.
78B2 (East to include the Conservation Reserve.) about 95 acres, part of 256 acres, including 54A, granted to James Smith.
BETWEEN STANLEYS RD AND CALLANANS RD.
77 (Fronting Red Hill Rd with an eastern boundary starting from Tar Barrel Corner and
passing approximately through 28 Thomas Rd.) Part of 305 acres granted to W.Aitken on 20-4-1881.
81, 82A (East of 77 nearly to 101 Stanley Rd with a 1400 metre frontage to Callaghans Rd, finishing at about the location of No. 4.) Granted to J.R.Thompson on 12-2-(1874?).
The acreage is not stated but it could be about 300 acres.
82B, 83A1, 83BB1 (East of 82A to where the equestrian trail turns at the end of Tonkins Rd. 191 H-J 5-8 except for Hindmarshs grant.) 339 acres granted to Bryan Tonkin on 27-7-1875.
83B1. (This lot had a frontage of about 250 metres on Stanley Rd and about 872 metres on Tonkins Rd.) John Hindmarsh was granted this 80 acre block on (10-3-1871?).
BETWEEN CALLANANS RD (which used to meet Station St near Red Hill Centrepoint) AND PT LEO RD.
88. (The eastern boundary of 77 continues to the bend near 195 Pt Leo Rd.)
This was the rest of Aitkens 305 acres, probably about 150 acres.
87AB,86AB. (East of 88, with NE and SE corners indicated by 4 Callanans Rd and 159 Pt Leo Rd.) G ranted to J.Buchanan. Date not stated. A total of 428 acres.
85. (East of 86B to end of Callanan Rd and 117 Pt Leo Rd.) A 10 acre block on Pt Leo Rd was probably Buchanans original selection but no date can be ascertained. I presume that the other 622 acres were also granted to him.
84. (From the ends of Callanans and Paringa Rd to the blue line indicating the start of Bittern.) J.Wighton received the grants for the 203.3 acres on 23-4-1874. He also acquired the 507 acres between allotment 84 and Merricks Township.

RED HILL-WANNAEUE PARISH.
A total of 636 acres in Wannaeue parish, between Main Ck and Mornington-Flinders Rd, is included in Red Hill.
29A. (Fronting Arthurs St Rd and the other two roads, this block went south to a point across Main Ck Rd from the Whites Rd corner.)
Benjamin Hards, who purchased land in Nepean Parish as well, and was probably a speculator, received this 331 acre grant. The numbering of allotments in Wannaeue is so illogical that it is no surprise to find that there is no allotment 29B! Incidentally the Wannaeue land east of Jetty Rd is in section B but no parish map says so.
28AB. (These take us south to the boundary between Red Hill and Main Ridge. 28A is west of the straight part of William Rd and 28B is to the east. The dog leg is in 29A.
28A. James Davey Jnr received the grant for this 158 acre allotment on 5-9-1878.
The Davey family is recalled by street names on Gracefield and The Survey near Dromana. J.Davey, probably James, was also granted 156 acres in Kangerong, extended to 190 acres (Henry Davey 1900), including the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve. In 1920, Bertram John Davey had 446 acres in the Safety Beach area, apparently just purchased.
28B. John Griffith acquired title to this 136 acre allotment on 4-8-1885. This would be John Calvin Griffith, about whom much detail is given in A Dreamtime of Dromana. His mother, Rebecca, probably the sister of Watson and Bernard Eaton, was the formers executor and received title to the 150 acres near Eatons Cutting that Watson had settled. 28B was only 720 metres away from Rebeccas 150 acres. Watson Eaton and Johns parents, all Americans, had at first farmed together on the Survey (Safety Beach area). Johns brother, Jonah, was a builder and supplied squared beams for the Dromana pier.
The proofreading of page 70 of Colin McLears book was poor unless John Griffiths eleven children were really born after he died.
Johns first daughter, Evelyn,(28/3/1875-23/3/1959) married one of the Shand boys. This indicates that Cr John Griffith actually lived on 28B and recalls something that Keith Holmes told me. Alexander Shand chose Main Creek as the location for his saw mill as it was the only creek with a regular flow. Roberts Rd follows the course of a track made by the Shands as they took the shortest and least steep course to haul their timber up to Red Hill. One can imagine young Evelyn waving to the Shand boys as they passed by 28B. Another way Evelyn could have met her future husband is that the Shands would have often have been at the property of William Henry Blakely directly across Mornington-Flinders Rd. Blakely was a sawmaker (1884, assessment No. 27) and saws would often need repair or replacement.
74. The Red Hill Village Settlement.
(190 K 5 to end of Prossors Lane and east to the corner of Mechanics Rd and Station St.)
As allotments and their grantees can be easily ascertained from this map with one exception, I will detail only that block. F.Nash: 6 acres 3 roods 27 perches.
There is no guarantee that a parish map actually shows grantees (Keith Holmes has a Balnarring map with different names in some lots, such as Holmes instead of Parry).
However I believe that those named in this map were grantees.

MEASUREMENTS ON PARISH MAPS.
A rood is a quarter of an acre and forty perches equal one rood so Nashs small block is 6.86 acres correct to two decimal places (137 perches divided by 160).
No boundary measurement are given for these village blocks, but you can see them on surrounding allotments, such as 3350 for McConnells frontage on Beaulieu Rd. (Had you realized that Beaulieu is French for fine place?)
That is 3350 links. To explain links, I must first mention an English king, whose identity I have forgotten. In setting up a system of measurement for his kingdom, he decided that the basic unit would be the distance between his fingers and his nose. This was the yard, one third of which was called a foot; this was then divided into 12 inches. Strangely he used the old Roman word for distance, although a mile was a bit more than a thousand paces (1760 yards or roughly 1600 metres).
Now, the king owned all the land in his kingdom but if somebody pleased him greatly, through loyalty when opposition was rife or valour / success in battle, the King would grant land to that person, along with a title such as Duke. Of course the Duke did not pay for the land as our grantees did, but they would be expected to pay taxes and supply cannon fodder for the king. It is interesting that the word title is now used for the document that proves land ownership!
The grant would be large and the boundaries would be measured in miles, but how would they be measured accurately? The length of paces could change because of leg length, tiredness, uphill slopes and so on. Yard- stick* use was too tedious and ropes could stretch and fray. It is likely that blacksmiths had arrived at a standard length for chain links of about 20cm, probably checked with implements at hand such as the funnel of bellows. (* Poles, whose lengths I have forgotten, probably about 5 metres, were used along Steeles Ck in East Keilor.)
A chain was durable and accurate but had to be of a length to avoid moving it along too often, but if it were too long, it would be too heavy for surveyors to carry and drag.
Then some genius discovered that a chain with 100 links was not only of the right length and weight, but was 22 yards long and if moved 79 times (80 chains) would equal a mile. To prevent excessive tiny writing on survey maps, 33 chains and 50 links would be written as 3350. As a chain (cricket pitch) equals 20 metres, 3350 links equals 660 metres+ 50X 20cm= 670 metres.
Normally a square mile grant (not on a shore or stream line) would measure 8000X8000 links. On such a block, the Duke could theoretically accommodate 640 serfs if the land was good. The Duke would build a village nearby and with no internal fencing, each serf could access his plot without the need for roads (which reduced farming land.) Each plot would be a chain wide and a furrow (10 chains) long. This is how the racing term, furlong, originated. Each block was one acre, which seems to be a French word, so perhaps the king was William the Conqueror. (Adopted from Palestine during the Crusades, I presume.)
Each serf had to supply so many bushels of his crop as rent and of course sacrifice his life in war if the king required it. As one acre blocks would not lead to efficient farming, serfs would probably have blocks of about 7 acres (as in John Pascoe Fawkners yeoman farmer subdivisions) or perhaps about 20 acres (as in Red Hill Village and suburban lots in villages/towns such as Keilor and Dromana.) I HOPE YOUVE ENJOYED MY ADVENTURES OF ENGLISH AS MUCH AS I ENJOY THE TELEVISION SERIES.

BETWEEN MORNINGTON-FLINDERS AND PT LEO RD.
72A. (Red Hill Consolidated School corner, 190 E-F 4) R.H.Holding received the grant for this 140 acre block on 20-2-1865. It later became Henry Blakelys farm.
72B. (South of 72A, with the end of Pardalote Rise indicating its south east corner.)
Granted on (18-7-1863?) to Joseph Pitcher, this140 acre block later became Henry Aults property.
71AB. (Straddling Stony Ck Rd with lot A extending to Pardalote Rise, and lot B going south to the present Tucks Rd corner and east to Stony Creek.)
This is the Red Hill boundary with Main Ridge. Pioneers to the south were William Hopcraft, Robert Adams of Adams Corner (McCrae Plaza site) in Rosebud (on land granted to M.Byrne), A.Allan and F.Bullock.

East of Stony Creek.
73AB. (Lot 73A, was west of Stony Ck with its north east corner almost over the road from Sheehans Rd and extended east almost to Stony Ck. Lot 73B was between 73A and the Red Hill Village; the eastern boundary being over the road from the south east corner of the showgrounds.)
Granted to James McKeown, both 147.7acre lots passed into the hands of the Sheehans.
It comprised two farms, Wildwood (73A) and Glenbower (73B). Keith Holmes said that they were not of equal size and this was probably because the creek, east of the allotment boundary, was used as a border so that both farms had water access. (See FARMS.)
75D and ? (Lot 75D, of 182 acres, was north of Beaulieu Rd / Simpson St with Baynes Rd being its eastern boundary. Straddling Stony Ck, its western boundary is indicated by Pardalote Rise. Lot 75 (C?), of 122 acres, was between Beaulieu Rd and the Red Hill boundary from Stony Ck to the line of Baynes Rd.) James McConnell settled both blocks and one was granted to him and the other to his executors (of whom one would have been John McConnell. It is likely that our James McConnell was the grantee of land near Puckle St, Moonee Ponds and McConnell St. Kensington, both in the parish of Doutta Galla.

FARMS.
GLENBOWER
Glenbower and Wildwood were on allotments 73 A and B of the parish of Balnarring, each of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, a total of over 215 acres, granted to James McKeown. There is extensive information in Colin McLears A Dreamtime of Dromana about James McKeown and his brother-in-law, Hill Hillas. The former settled in Red Hill in 1862 and the latter in 1855. James built a house on the property called Glenbower, which was south of the Showgrounds (Arkwells grants.)
Keith Holmes said that the two farms were not of equal size and the 1887-8 rates indicate that Glenbower may have consisted of 115 acres, which James had apparently mortgaged with the Land Investment Co. James had probably used the loan to buy Gracefield (between Caldwell Rd and the triangular quarry reserve, from Gracefield Ave to the south boundary of part of the State Park) near Dromana. Glenbower changed hands in 1889 and the new owner was Robert Sheehan.
In 1887-8, Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert 215 acres in Kangerong. (See Wildwood.) In 1889, the Sheehans apparently bought Glenbower and Wildwood.
William Alfred Holmes had a chance meeting with Emily Sheehan and married her. Their son William (known as Jack) later bought Glenbower.
WILDWOOD
Wildwood was south of Wisemans grants (west to the Sheehans Rd corner). Alfred Sheehans land in 1887-8 would have included about 99 acres (Wildwood) and might have included the future village site of about 120 acres. Keith Holmes said that Wildwood adjoined Blakelys land.
Rate books reveal that Blakely had 140 acres, which must have been R.H.Holdings grant (72A) at the corner of Arthurs Seat and Mornington-Flinders Rds. South of that block was 72B of 140 acres, granted to James Pitcher in 18(69?) and later leased by Henry Ault and apparently bought by William Henry Ault, carpenter.
It is likely that Robert Sheehans 215 acres in Kangerong consisted largely of Robert Caldwells grant (10B of 172 acres) west and north west of Sheehans Rd, and almost over Arthurs Seat Rd from the Blakely-Wildwood boundary.

FOUR WINDS
Henry Dunn received the grant for 18A Kangerong of almost 51 acres on 4-8-1860. This land is indicated by Melway 160 K12. He built a shop on the corner and named his property Four Winds. Keith Holmes said that the property was at the top of the hill so there would have been little protection from the wind, no matter its direction!
William Calder, Chairman of the Country Roads Board (after whom the Calder highway was named) bought Four Winds. He was President of the Red Hill Show Committee for some time but died just before the show in 1928 or 9. Robert Holmes stepped into the breech. Calders son designed the Old Shire Hall at Dromana.

LOOKOUT PADDOCK
George Sherwood was granted 10A Kangerong of 172.46 acres on the east side of Eatons Cutting Rd with a road frontage of 454 metres. The 1879 rates show that this 173 acre property was occupied by George Sherwood and William Copeland, both described as journeymen, leasing from Sherwood and Co.This George Sherwood was probably the son of George Sherwood, nurseryman, who on (28-11-1873?) was granted 79 B Balnarring of 128 acres now occupied by Port Phillip Estate Wineries at 191 G-H2.
A journeyman was a tradesman who had finished his apprenticeship and would journey from one master of the craft to another working and widening his experience. He was not subject to Master and Servant provisions (as apprentices were) and could set up in business on his own account but could not employ apprentices until he had submitted a piece of work that gained him the status of Master, in Georges case perhaps a graft, pruning etc).
In 1900 the A.E.Bennett trustees were assessed on 642 (sic) acres including 471 acres of Wannaeue land (190 B-D 3-4 and D 5-6) and 10 A Kangerong (173 acres).
William Alfred Holmes bought the Lookout Paddock, which now contains Lookout Rd and Holmes Rd.

THE PEOPLE,
The Nash family hailed from Beaulieu in England and arrived in Red Hill in about 1898. A Nash married a daughter of W.Davidson and it seems that he later gained ownership of Davisons 18 acres and then added part of James McConnells grant to the south, of which Beaulieu Rd marks the southern boundary. Frederick, Elizabeth and Frances Streets are named after members of the Nash family.
LITTLEJOHN.
In 1919-20, F. and W.A.Littlejohn had 130 acres (lot 11) and 205 acres (Lot 9) on the Special Survey.
Today, Australians boast of having a convict ancestor; quite different from the 19th century shame which I think led a Mentone, Rosebud and Somerville pioneer to spell his parents surname wrongly when they were buried at St Kilda and tell his children that he came to Australia with Tommy Bent (who was born in Penrith, N.S.W.) The first Littlejohn was a convict and settled in Brunswick upon gaining his ticket of leave.
The first Littlejohns in our area were William Alfred and his brother Frederick. They had land across the road from eachother near Moats Corner. After a while Fred moved back to Coburg and William moved to Red Hill. William was a builder and was followed in this trade by his son Herb, who married Florrie Bowring in 1935 but died at the young age of 25. Herbs brother, Ron farmed at Moats Corner.
William was known as Littlejohn the builder and people would call at his house to discuss the building of their house. He built Sam Loxtons house and the Hansons second Alpine Chalet when they sold the land containing William Hopcrafts beautiful old double storey house.

HENRY WILLIAM WILSON, BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

This journal results from a request for information about Henry William Wilson. Hopefully I will be able to cut and paste much of it from previous work.

Street names in most parts of the Southern Peninsula honour the family of Henry William Wilson. Henry Wilson Dr and Thamer St in the Rosebud Industrial Estate recall Henry and his wife. Coutts St at Safety Beach recalls a Wilson presence on the Survey. Burdett St on the west side of Truemans Rd is on the Stenniken grant. Coutts Ct, Benjamin St, Godfrey St and Wilson Rd west of St Johns Wood Rd at Blairgowrie recall that the shopping centre sits on the old Wilson abbatoir site. When I started my research, I wondered if Wilsons Rd at Mornington was named after Henry William's family. I believe that both the road and the C.B.Wilson were named after Charlie Wilson, the train-driving President of Mornington Shire, the child of a female Wilson from "Tuerong" and a totally unrelated Wilson male from an equally old Schnapper Point family. (Joan Downward, Bonnie William website re Tuerong.)

Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives much detail about the Wilson family on pages 43 to 47.Henry was the son of a London butcher and the licencee of the Beauvoir Arms Hotel, Kingsland Rd, London, in 1843. With his wife, Thamer, and four children, he left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant, arriving at Port Phillip on 23 April. Their youngest daughter, Emily, died during the voyage.

He established an abbatoir at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) while living at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne.) He would have been living in a tent in Canvas Town as Emerald Hill was first known. Rents were extraordinarily high in Melbourne and most newcomers had to slum it at Canvas Town or Newtown (Fitzroy.) After a disease in his cattle on a run near Cranborne led to failure, he moved to Dromana in the early 1860's.

He had a bullock dray and four bullocks and initially lived in a slab hut on what was later to become Walter Gibson's No.10 paddock of 125 acres, then part of Jamieson's Special Survey. (Melway 160 K4 and bounded on the north by Wallaces Rd according to the subdivision map of Clarke's Estate.) The Stenniken land was a triangular block, the base of which was formed by the Nepean Highway and the sides of Moorooduc Highway and the upper reaches of Tassells Creek.( Roughly 151 D11, and sold as part of the Bruce Estate.) Henry took over as Dromana's butcher after the McLear brothers gave it up, but he first slaughtered on their "Maryfield" before buying the 45 acres that became the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground (P.27) from Mr Carrington and slaughtering there.
Henry was born in London in 1820 and died at Dromana on 17-12-1894.Thamer (Burdett!) was born in 1818 and died on 18-11-1894. (Both are buried at the Dromana Cemetery, their headstone easily read.) Their children were Henry John b. 1849, Godfrey Burdett 17-2-1850 to 21-1-1919, Thamer Burdett b.1846, Sarah b.1850, Emily 1852-3.

Godfrey married Maria Stenniken (b. 6-1-1855, d. 1-9-1927) in 1878. Their children were Henry William Burdett Coutts (1879-1956), Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph (1891?-1953) and Samuel James Stenniken (1886-1949.)
(They must have had other children, surely. LIME LAND LEISURE has more Wilson genealogy.
I should have found the Wilson family connections before I typed the above.
WILSON-BURDETT
Henry William Wilson married Thamer Burdett.
This marriage took place in England. Henry was the son of a London butcher. In 1843, Henry was running the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in in Kingsland Rd, London. Henry, Thamer and their four children left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant and after a remarkably fast voyage, which obviously stopped them getting into the doldrums (in both ways), they reached Port Phillip on 23 April. (Dreamtime of Dromana page 43.) This source and Lime Land Leisure contain much business and genealogical detail about Henrys descendants.
It is possible that some of Thamers family came with them and any Burdett family historian should inspect the Emigrant passenger list for that voyage. Henry established an abbatoir at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) and lived in Emerald Hill, where it is possible that he came into contact with Isaac White and Captain Henry Everest Adams, pioneers of Rosebud, and that Captain Adams gave Henry Wilson an idea.
It is likely that Thamer was related, however distantly, to Sir Francis Burdett and his daughter, Angela Burdett. Sir Francis, a Baronet, had married Sophia, daughter of Thomas Coutts, a wealthy banker who founded Coutts and Co.
Now if Henry had chatted to Captain Adams, the old sea dog would have bragged about being the son of Lord Vivian (which led to the name of his vineyard, Vivyan, with spelling altered in case his real father had an agent in Singapore- and given names of many in the Adams line). Wilson would have thought, Well, my wife is related to the wealthiest woman in England and one of the greatest social reformers and philanthropists in the world; why not flaunt that fact? He was speaking of Angela, the first Baroness Burdett- Coutts and that is possibly how the Wilsons and Stennikens used Coutts as a given name and Coutts St in Safety Beach got its name. See Historic Origins of Street names entry and the sources named above. (Details about Angela Burdett -Coutts from Wikipedia.)
The Burdett Quarry, on 101 hectares at 160 Potts Rd, Langwarrin, was probably established by relatives of Thamer. Burdett St in Frankstons The Pines Estate would have been named after the quarry family, which must have been in the area fairly early (since they shared this honour with the pioneering Brunnings family of Somerville); if it had been one of the many subdivision of Wilson land there would have been another street named Thamer, Wilson, Godfrey, Benjamin etc nearby. See next entry re Coutts.

WILSON-McDOWELL
Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph Wilson (son of Godfrey Burdett Wilson and grandson of Henry William and Thamer) married Dorothy McDowell. Bens first given name came from his maternal grandfather Ben Stenniken. His brothers had Henry, William, Samuel, James, Burdett, Coutts and Stenniken as given names.
Allotment 17, Wannaeue, on the west side of Jetty Rd, which extended to Spray St and Eastbourne Rd, was subdivided in the 1870s by the Woolcotts of Melbourne. George and Susan Peatey purchased 2 acres on which they grew vegetables, which they sold along with poultry, eggs etc. Their cottage burnt down in 1912 by which time their son had established a similar business on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray-Anderson Rd) on a Rosebud Village (foreshore) block. Another early purchaser from the Woolcotts was the Education Department but that block was not as big as the present school site.
By 1900 the only other blocks sold were owned by George Chapman from Dromana (4), Charles James (3 acres), Marshall (William? 7 acres), postmaster John Roberts whose daughter established the Post Office Store, now a caf of that name (4 and house) and Furmbisher (2.5 acres). The commercial bank now owned 84 acres of Woolcotts land. As crown allotment 17 consisted of 129.5 acres, Mrs Phillips and Frederick Taylor probably had three more blocks too.
By 1910, Henry Bucher had 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns 4, Rosebud Ted Cairns 6, Alf Hanson (of Alpine Chalet in Tucks Rd ) 6, blacksmith, Hy Geo Chapman 2, the Coburns of Springbank 4, Fallow 1, Maconochie 4, Back Road Bob Cairns 2 near state school, Marshall (Moonee Ponds R.E.Agent) 7, Susan Peatey 2, Mrs J.Spensley 4 and Vale , probably the politician after whom Vale St in Mornington was named had the 84 acres forfeited by Woolcott.
By 1920, Mrs Mary Butler had a house on lot 49 and her rate notice was to be sent to Mrs McDowell of Rosebud. Robert McDowell had lots 77, 79 and part of lot 75 and buildings. These were across McDowell St from the Presbyterian Church, which became the site of Woolworths. Ernest Rudducks store was being run by L.C.Leech. Houses had been built by the Cairns family, Mrs Helena Salina Mitchell of Essendon, and Joseph Maconochie of Richmond. One house had disappeared and Alf and John Peatey were assessed on the block only.
McDowell Street changed little for years. The McDowells neighbours were Don Miller and his caravan park opposite the school, Rosebud Ted opposite Pattersons Garage, then Ivy Patterson, Harry Nichols and the SEC on the Rosebud Avenue Ave corner.
SOURCES: A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear, Kangerong and Flinders rate records, Wannaeue parish map, Pine Trees and Box Thorns by Rosalind Peatey, The Cairns Family of Boneo by Peter Wilson, On the Road to Rosebud by Peter Wilson, Map of early Rosebud incorporated in Early Rosebud by Ray Gibb.

WILSON-RUDDUCK
Samuel James Stenniken (son of Godfrey Wilson and Maria, nee Stenniken) married Ruby Bery Rudduck, daughter of Nelson Rudduck and Jane Sophia, nee Chapman.
After Nelson died in 1935, Sam and Ruby moved into Piawola, the fine double storey house next to the Uniting Church in Dromana that Nelson built in 1894. The connection between the families goes back to the arrival in Dromana of Nelson and Jane from Dandenong in 1871 or early 1872. By 1867 Henry William Wilson had given up his occupation as a bullocky to become a butcher, grazing and slaughtering on 45 acres that was known as the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927*, and selling his meat from a shop whose location is described in two different ways by Colin McLear. (Main St or McCulloch St?) Henry retired in 1877 at 57 and Godfrey took charge of the company, expanding into Sorrento and building a brick shop and home** in Gibson St, Dromana. (*New abbatoirs had been established at Melway 167 F2, and operated until 1955, where Coutts Crt, Godfrey St, Benjamin Pde and Wilson Rd now stand. **Godfrey named the home Beauvoir after a hotel that his father had run in London in 1843.)
Sam was born in 1886 and died in 1949. On his fathers death in 1919, Sam and his brother, Ben, took over the Dromana portion of the empire Godfrey had built up and also expanded their retail into McCrae and Rosebud where older brother Henry had built shops. They relocated their shop to Main St in 1934.


Henry's son, Godfrey, married Ben Stenniken's daughter, so a bit of information about this other pioneering peninsula family will not go astray. The following comes from the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry in my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.
STENNIKEN-SHERLOCK
Benjamin (1815-1897) married Mary Ann, daughter of Samuel Sherlock.
Mary Ann was the sister of the Sam Sherlock who was much involved in the southern peninsula as a lad and later became a pioneer of the area north of the Osborne Township which the locals called Green Island. This name is perpetuated by Green Island AvE(145 E6). Ben and Mary Ann (and Mary Jane, probably their daughter) were buried at Rye Cemetery; their details are on the cemetery microfiche at Rosebud Library.
Sam Sherlock worked for the Barkers at Boneo and at The Briars for Balcombe. After his marriage, he carried the mail on horseback from Rye and Hastings to Cheltenham.
( Osborne Primary School Centenary 1873-1973 by Leslie Moorhead.)
Perhaps it was en route to Cheltenham that he spotted the Green Island land. According to LIME LAND LEISURE, Sam Sherlock was a co-grantee of the Stenniken land (at 14) but it was probably Mary Anns father.


STENNIKEN-PRINCE
Benjamin Henry, son of Jack and grandson of Benjamin Jnr, married Dorothy, daughter of Harry Prince. Ray Cairns told me that Harry Prince bought some of his fathers land near Maroolaba and that it came into Bens ownership after the death of Harry Prince.
(See TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb.)
Ray Cairns father, Hill Harry, inherited Maroolaba from his father, the original Robert Cairns, who settled in Boneo in 1852. Robert Cairns and the Pattersons moved to Fingal, near Pattersons Rd at about the same time in the 1870s. Rather than repeat information contained in the PATTERSON-STENNIKEN entry, I will simply state that Maroolaba (part of which was bought by Harry Prince) was 260 metres from Mary Jane Stennikens grant. The Prince family could have earlier lived near Truemans Rd, but, if not, Fingal provides an explanation as to how the two families connected.



STENNIKEN-WILSON
Maria, daughter of Benjamin Stenniken Snr married Godfrey Burdett, son of Henry William Wilson. Benjamin Stenniken was based in Truemans Rd but also leased land on the western portion of Jamiesons Special Survey near Pickings Lane, near Henry William Wilson's abode. Family members could have resided there to manage the property for Ben. Maria probably resided there in the summer. Big Clarke had bought the survey and the northern part was given to Bruce, his son-in-law. (Colin McLears version is more likely than Hollinsheds.) Maria used to work at Bruces house during the season.
One more piece of information is contained in the final verse of one of my first pieces, a poem called ALONG THE BACK TRACK, which can be found in my CANTERBURY TALES and describes an imagined trip made by drapery hawker, Charles Graves, and young Godfrey Wilson in about 1860. They have traveled from The Willow (Safety Beach area) to the corner of Weeroona and Browns Rds, Godfrey having been reassured by Graves that the smoke came from kilns, not a bushfire.
As they turned back to Kangerong,
A well-known man came riding strong,
With five year old Maria, running late.
Godfrey married Maria in 1878.


STENNIKEN-CLEMENGER (See PATTERSON- STENNIKEN.)
Jack Stenniken married Lily Clemenger.
By 1910, Mary Ann Stenniken (most likely the owner of the Fingal land) was living in Dromana and assessed on crown allotment 6 of section 17. This block with frontages to McCulloch St and Heales St and halfway between the school corner and the freeway was leased from Patterson. Ralph Patterson had probably just leased it to her (because of the position of Mary Anns assessment). His wifes entry is next and her property (1 lot and buildings, McCulloch St) was probably next door. As lot 6 had no buildings, it is likely that Mary Ann was staying with Ralph and her daughter, Rachel. Ralph Godfrey Patterson (whose second given name recalls the marriage of 1878 in the previous entry) was leasing 287 acres (lots 18 and 19) from Clarke on the Survey and was probably Rachels husband and Mary Anns son in law. His move to Dromana probably followed the sale of his Fingal grant to one of the Cairns family. (His 244 acres may have been the bulk of the 260 acres that Harry Cairns sold to Harry Prince.)
Robert Adams sold crown allotment 19 of Wannaeue (between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave) to William Tetley in about April 1889. Subdivision plan 3513 shows that the Clemengers bought lots 1-5 of section B, fronting Parkmore and Rosemore Rds. Albert Holloway built Parkmore in 1896, probably on lots 1-5 of section A, fronting Pt Nepean Rd. The Clemengers bought this historic house in 1908, after it was occupied for some time by Mr and Mrs Fair. The Clemengers introduced tented accommodation. Jack Stenniken was born in 1893 and died in 1970.
(Adams Corner and Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula by Ray Gibb.)
Jack might have met Lily at a dance at the Mechanics Institute dances at Dromana, Rosebud or Rye or perhaps at the Boneo hall on the CFA site. Another possibility is that he worked for Ralph on the Survey or met Lily on the way from Truemans Rd to visit Mary Ann Stenniken in Dromana.

BITS AND PIECES.
"A Dreamtime of Dromana" discusses members of the Wilson family on pages 43-7, 53, 65, 72, 80, 81?, 101, 114, 121, 132, 140, 144, 156, 162, 165 and 177. I would love to give these details now but I am halfway through the journals about the WHITES and THE RED HILL. However I find page 132 interesting because it tends to confirm my theory that George Wilson of the Flinders area might have been related to Henry William Wilson. Whoever made the index has stated that Sarah Wilson and her sons, George and Robert, settlers on Jamieson's Survey in 1855 signed the letter supporting Quinan's school. Sarah was obviously a widow and it is possible that Henry and Thamer's daughter was named after her. In 1900, George Wilson was assessed on 216 acres at Flinders and George Wilson Jnr on 96 acres at Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring (the latter being at Melway 255 J1.)

Is it possible that Henry William had a brother named George who came out with him, went to the Survey very soon and then died, leaving his widow and children on farmland that needed to be cleared before it could help to pay the rates? And that Henry, at Sandridge, having seen the enormous amount of sleepers needed to build the railway to that place at the end of 1854, moved into the "hut, Survey", on which he was assessed in 1863, to support her? (There is no mention of Sarah, George and Robert in that assessment although they signed the document in March 1861.

By 1900, the ratebook revealed that Henry Willam (the son) had 1 lot and building, Dromana and 5 acres leased from Thompson. Godfrey Burdett had 144 acres and 2 lots, Dromana. The 144 acre block was the holding paddock/abbatoir that was called the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927 when Spencer Jackson was flogging the Panoramic and Foreshore Estates with the aid of his "history of beautiful Dromana" which the Dromana Historical Society has for sale. As I did not transcribe the rates in the parish of Nepean, I do not know the details of the family's property in Blairgowrie and Sorrento, but I am prepared to research this if requested in comments. A Catherine Eleanor Wilson had 3 lots and a building in Dromana but I have no idea whether she was related to the Henry or Sarah Wilsons.

In 1910, Mrs G.G.Wilson had 60 acres of the Cairns' brothers'320 acre "Little Scotland' at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd but I don't know if she was related to H.W.Wilson, although Colin McLear mentions that they had land at Boneo. Godfrey Burdett Wilson, butcher, had: shop, house and land, McCulloch St, 1-3 of 4, 4 of 13, 11,2 of section 2; 40 acres 2,3 of 1 Kangerong, 100 acres and slaughteryards, Kangerong probably in Shergolds Lane ; 255 acres (lots 22 and 23 Clarke's.) His wife had house and land, Heales St, Ben had 150 acres Kangerong, Henry(living in Sorrento and running that branch of the empire) had 100 acres, Kangerong, and Sam, living in Dromana, had 180 acres Kangerong.

As the land designated as Kangerong was not granted to the Wilsons, it would take months of research to specify its location. Dromana Township was west of McCulloch St. Section 14 was bounded by the Esplanade, Verdon, Hodgkinson and Heales Sts with lots 1-3 near the beach, section 13 was across Verdon St, lot 2 section 2 was at the east corner of Latrobe Pde and McArthur St and I can only presume that 11 meant section 11, bounded by Codrington, Ligar and Verdon Sts with lots 10, 11 and 12, fronting Palmerstone Ave, granted to G.B.Wilson.

Lots 22 and 23 Clarke's is a pushover and the rate collector was amazingly accurate with the acreage! Lot 22 was 127 acres and 19 perches. Lot 23 was 127 acres 2 roods and 37 perches, giving a total of 254 acres,3 roods and 16 perches, only .15 of an acre out! The Wilson's were involved with the subdivision of the Safety Beach area and must have been involved with the land near Coutts St (160 D2) where the female drover thought Jagger's dairy was located. Lot 23 and 22 were between Pickings Rd and the south side of the Martha Cove Waterway with Victoria St the western boundary and the bend in Island Drive indicating the north east corner of lot 22. The western two thirds of the canals are in lot 23.
Even though he was living in Sorrento, Henry William Wilson Junior was still involved in the social fabric of Dromana. He was the Secretary of the Dromana Sports and was a handicapper for the athletic and wood chopping events. (Mornington Standard, 21-3-1901, p.26.) The Mornington Peninsula souvenir in The Argus of 7-6-1954 has and advertisement for the long established butchering business which features photos of the main players. This is just a sample of the information about the family that is available on trove.
HOPE THIS HELPS.

THE RED HILL by Sheila Skidmore, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

As my aim is to provide new history and to make history accessible, I need to read what is already available to ensure that I am not repeating information. As some books, such as Pine Trees and Box Thorns, Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula and The Red Hill are not available for loan, I make it part of my role to summarise information in them that is not available in other books. This is not intended to replace the Red Hill journal that I have already started. Where surnames are in bold type, this indicates that additional information will be given at the end of the summary. Short comments appear in brackets.
ADOD = A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear; MOAS =Memoirs of a Stockman by Hec Hansen.

Sheila Skidmore is a descendant of the Sheehan family. There is no indication of when the book was published. (See comment 1 after journal.) The book may be perused at Mornington Peninsula libraries but not borrowed. The Dromana Historical Society has the book but I don't think they would have copies for sale.(See comment 1 after journal.)

P.9. Andrew McCrae named Bald Hill and his son, George Gordon McCrae, said that they had seen the colour of gold in the 1840's beyond the bald or red hill. (This was probably along Bulldog Creek or Tubbarubba Creek.) Bald Hill was marked on a county of Mornington map and could have been the original name for Red Hill.

P.11. 1862. The parish plan shows an area marked Red Hill marked out with streets and suburban blocks. (I can only assume the location of this settlement to be crown allotment 74, parish of Balnarring, sold as a closer settlement, with blocks of just under 20 acres, in order to cope with the 1890's depression, where the Prossor, Thiele, Nash etc families settled later. Red Hill extends into Kangerong and Wannaeue parishes and there is little indication of "suburban blocks" apart from near "Four Winds" in Kangerong. The first postmaster, William Marshall, bought 19 acres at the north east corner of Prossors Lane; see Post Office.)

CORRECTION. THE FIRST POSTMASTER WAS ALEX MARSHALL.

SEE COMMENT 1 AFTER JOURNAL.

M.Peppers had selected the site, later used for a post office, and C.Golding , a cordial manufacturer from Van Diemans Land, an area close by. (Charles R.Goulding was granted crown allotment 9, Kangerong in what seems to have been 1890. This 262 acre block was bounded by Eatons Cutting Rd, Boundary Rd, White Hill Rd and Tumbywood Rd so perhaps the streets and suburban blocks were near McIlroy Rd and "Four Winds".)SEE COMMENT 1 AFTER JOURNAL.

James Wiseman purchased 106 acres on 24-2-1862 and J.Arkwell 142 acres on 5-4-1862.
James Wiseman was born in 1830 in Ruthven, Scotland and sailed from London in June 1851 aboard Captain Godfrey's "Statesman". Arriving at Geelong he spent time with varying success at the diggings at Avoca, Ballaarat, Bendigo , Castlemaine and Otago in New Zealand. After another 8 years plying his blacksmith trade in Melbourne, during which time he married fellow Scot, Christina Bain, and James, John and Christina were born, he moved to Red Hill where Janet and William were born.

John Arkwell was born in Hereford, England in the 1820's. Hannah Lewis, whom he married, was 19 when she arrived in 1854. She was said to have wheeled King Edward vii in his pram. John and Hannah settled at Abbotsford and ran a plant nursery on the site of the Abbotsford Convent. Emily, Alice and Walter were born at Abbotsford while Ernest, Herbert, Clara and Percy were born at Red Hill.
(Detail is given about Wiseman's smithy and Arkwell's house, land and orchard.)
Soon after, these two families were joined by the McKeown, McIlroy, Davis, Kemp, Holmes, Dunn , and Cleine families and later the Blakely and Sheehan families. At this time Red Hill was heavily timbered but there was no scrub so it was possible to gallop a horse between the trees. (Sheila discusses the aboriginal presence, indicated by stone which originated far away from the area, but the lack of scrub was another sign. Frequent burning made it much easier to hunt kangaroo and Wonga, "pigeon" because the prey had nowhere to hide!

P. 12-13.(Shirley discusses Eaton's and Simon's Cuttings and the pioneers after whom they were named. She refers to O'Brien's Cutting but this track was named after John Bryan. See ADOD.)
The McKeowns were the third family in Red Hill. They named Glenbower after the home in Ireland.
They landed in Portland and worked at Tower Hill. Sheila's niece found broken willow china in the Glenbower garden and near the well. (Willow crockery was one luxury common to most peninsula pioneer households!)

The McKeowns sold to Sheila's great grandfather Sheehan . He had come from County Cork, Ireland to Adelaide where he worked as a brickmaker. He married Mr Ewer's daughter and they set off looking for land in their bullock cart, a wedding present. They selected land at Lake Marma, Murtoa, staying 15 years before moving to Red Hill in 1885.

Henry Dunn came to the Mornington Peninsula in the mid 1840's.He leased Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to the line of Bulldog Creek Rd, from 1846 to 1851)and then moved up the hill and ran stock on land near the old Red Hill post office. Hebuilt stockyards and bought a property known as "Four Winds" where he bred ponies. It was later purchased by William Calder , Chairman of the Country Roads Board (after whom the Calder Highway was named.)

Charles, the first of the Cleine family came from Groningen, now part of Holland. He ran away from home at the age of 12 to avoid compulsory military training and retained his pacifist belief which caused arguments at Cleine's Corner between him and Mr (CHARLES?) White. He had a certificate for a donkey engine and worked for L.L.Smith building bridges. He married and had a large family. A little grave near the homestead site in the valley is marked by moss roses.

William McIlroy came to Australia in 1860 from Littlebridge, Moneymore, Northern Ireland. Camping in a tent at the top of Elizabeth St, he carried "hod" for builders during the day and repaired boots in his tent at night. When he had saved 72 pounds, he bought tickets for his wife and nine children to join him and sent them home, but he was duped as there was no ship, and had to save again.His family arrived safely in 1862 and lived in a log cabin built on 700 acres of land. William continued to work in Melbourne selling butter, eggs, bacon and cheese from his cart but returned home at weekends.
William John, his eldest son, was 16 on arrival and worked for a butcher and in his spare time worked for two Danes who owned a merry-go-round.At 32, W.J. married Elizabeth Hillis . They lived at "Littlebridge" in McIlroys Rd and had 12 children. He ran sheep on a paddock in Dunn's Creek Rd where some gold had already been found. (Tubbarubba diggings.)

P.15. Details of William John's children compiled by the eldest, John; Sarah became Mrs Prosser. (The 1890's settlers were named Prossor, so she probably married into the family of Henry Prosser, and was related to the Sawyers of Moorooduc/Bittern and the Griffith family of Dromana/Main Creek.
While on the topic, Keith's family was not related to J.Holmes, grantee of land bounded on the east by Red Hill Rd, whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill,and which adjoined the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve.)
William John McIlroy's brother, Joseph, married Sarah Hillis and they had nine children. (Details on page 18.)
Photo of early house,(almost certainly Blakeley's house discussed on page 24.)
P.16. Photo of coolstore and rail yard.
P.17. Joseph McIlroy's diary. (Only entries about other pioneers or significant events included here.)
1877.
Wed. 20-9-1877. Married in Dromana at 12:30 at Mechanics' Institute by Rev. J. Caldwell of Mornington.Guests at father's house included the McIlroys, Simpsons, Cleines, Whites, Aults, Miss Hopcraft, Miss Kemp and Mr and Mrs Hillis. A week later he started working for Mr Huntley .
On Sunday 2 Nov., he went to Dromana to hear Mr Robinson preach the funeral sermon for Mr (Watson)Eaton. After the service, he went to Rosebud to hear Mr Barker (at the Methodist church on the fishing village block donated by Nelson Rudduck which is now a medical clinic. Possibly Mr E.Barker mentioned on page 32 who was a lay preacher at Red Hill Methodist Church till his death in 1905.) Called at Mrs Pedota on way home. (This meant that he went home via Dromana where Peter Piddota owned the 17 acres between William Watkins' Dromana Hotel and Carrigg St, which is named after Lou Carrigg, a later owner of the hotel.)
In November, Joseph was shearing at Huntley's and clearing at home. On 12 Dec., he picked berries and the next day went to the point (quarantine station and probably a fort too judging by the torpedoes mentioned in 1878)and then Sorrento, shooting a lot of rabbits on the way home. (Underground mutton!)
Dec.26 and 27. Carted fruit to Dromana and Melbourne. (The amount of travel done by Joseph on atrocious roads was extraordinary!) Mr Brady was the preacher at that time.(His daughter in law, Rose-nee Roberts- was a mainstay and organist at the Rosebud Methodist Church mentioned recently.)
P.18.On Easter Monday, 1878, Joseph went to "The Rosebud" to see the torpedoes. Joseph's children and dates of birth were: Henry Joseph 20-9-1878, William 6-11-1879, James 30-11-1881, Thomas Johnston 21-1-1883,
May 13th MAY,1885 (Get it?), Herbert John 20-6-1887, Frederick 3-6-1889, Arthur 28-5-1891.
21-5-1878. Went to see Mrs Counsel through the ranges.
24-11-1880.Went to Mr McConnell's at night with the long rifle.

P.19. 9-3-1881. Got to Mr Hillis place on the way home from Frankston with a steer and stayed the night. (The pregnant Sarah and her two youngster were probably staying with grandpa, whose place was not really on the way home.)
15-6-1881.Went out to Riddell's Plains in the morning. (This area was almost certainly named after John Carre Ridell after whom Riddells Creek was named. With his partner, Hamilton, he established Cairn Hill near Gisborne and the Camieston Estate at Tullamarine with the one acre blocks between Bulla Rd, now Melrose Drive, and Derby St named Hamilton Terrace. He was probably a squatter fattening bullocks near Red Hill in the early days. Keith hadn't heard of Riddell's Plains; perhaps somebody else would know its location.)

AT THIS POINT, I FOUND OUT THAT THE BOOK WAS NOW AVAILABLE FROM THE DROMANA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. THERE IS NO NEED TO FURTHER SUMMARISE THE BOOK, BUT AS IT DOES NOT HAVE AN INDEX, I WILL LIST ANY PIONEERS MENTIONED SO THAT FAMILY HISTORIANS WILL KNOW IF THEIR ANCESTORS WERE MENTIONED.
p.19.
21-8-1881. Went to the diggings with W. Sherwood.
P.20.
5-1-1882. Went to Mr Gray's for the wheel of the sewing machine we got last week.
Easter Monday 1882. Went down to the lighthouse. (I thought that it may have been moved to the top of Arthurs Seat at the time but this occurred in 1871 according to Colin McLear.)
9-11-1882. Went to Mrs Hindmarsh's funeral.
7-10-1884. Mr Huntley died this morning. 6-1-1885. Mrs Huntley died.27-4-1888.
P.21.
27-4-1888. Joseph's daughter was burnt and he took her to the doctor at Schnapper Point on the 28th.
29-4-1888. Back home and the Hon. Thomas Langton called in.
P.22. 16-6-1890. Mrs Gibson died. 20-10-1890. Got orders to stop work at Huntley's.
26-9-1892. Took a lease of Huntley's for 5 years.
24-7-1893. Went down to PINEGROVE and bought the mare for 5 pounds from Mr John Davies. Went to Dromana to vote for my brother, William.

P.23. The Post Office. At first the mail came to Schnapper Point, later Dromana, by boat and was conveyed to Red Hill on horseback. About 1871, the post office opened with the first postmaster,Alex Marshall, being paid 10 pounds p.a. He was followed by S.Davies in 1873, Emma Maloney in 1876. Blakeley purchased the P.O. for George Cousins (or Cussens, as I have seen it written) his son in law).
The Misses Baker earlier had a bakery at cnr. Sheehans and Mt Arthur Rd (the original south end of White Hill Rd before Wiseman's Deviation was built)on land previously owned by Messrs Brown and Jackson.
P.24. Details of W.H.Blakeley's origins, expertise, Melbourne workshop and purchase of the consolidated school site from the grantee, R.Holding who was Red Hill's first teacher and lived in a log cabin (which is probably the one shown on page 15.) Blakely and Captain Billy Moore were partners in the "Fear Not", a 2 masted schooner that carried firewood from Dromana and returned with provisions. It was wrecked on sandbanks far offshore when it put to sea in a northerly.
P.O. (CONT.)Elizabeth Wheeler from 1878 followed by Ethel M.Wheeler 11-11-1925, Miss A.Liversidge, F.Molloy in 1954, L.H.Dawson, R.Kinder.
P.25. Telegraph 1912, telephone 1924. Receiving office at Red Hill Sth from 22-1-1923 : Mrs C.Harding, A.Greaves 1925, D.G.Stevenson 1930, T.B.Erlansen 1935, W.Pedley 1945, M.Connell 1965. C. Harding, "Darkie" was a champion Somerville footballer a decade later; was the first postmistress his wife? T.B.Erlandsen might have been a descendant of Erland Erlandsen- see Lime Land Leisure.)
P.26. Photo of the first school.
P.27. Education. 1860's, school 77 on James Wiseman's land at the north end of Arkwell's Lane, first teacher Mr Gournan. Became a state school on the same location on 1-1-1874 with the students being: Wiseman 4, Arkwell 3, Cleine 3, McIlroy 1, Davis 3, Blakely 3, McKeown 3, Hillis 1, Turner 3, Head 2, Bendy 4, Pearse 3, Griffith 1. The Griffith family was near Moat's Corner.( The Griffith family had rented land on Jamieson's Special Survey since about 1860 that was known as Griffith's Flats, Melway 160 H4.)
The first teacher, R.Holding, had a negro servant called Mumford. George Beattie, who took over after three months had many problems. Tanks and toilets were brought on the "Rosa Mary Jane" by Captain Pedota (Pidota) and installed by James Morton. Henry Ault painted the school in 1875. William Henry Collins was the next teacher, followed by Ada Adelaide Thompson in 1882.
P.28. Land for the new school was purchased from W. Holmes and the new school opened on 16-9-1920 with Richard Rodda as H.T. A second room was built in 1928, the H.T. being H.Amos.Red Hill South opened in 1932 with Miss Marsh in charge.
P. 29. Other teachers at Red Hill were Mr F.Volk, N.Deckert, H.Campbell and C.Werry. Mrs A.Sheehan, who'd taught at the old school, filled a void in W.W.2.
Land was purchased from the Blakeley family in 1945 for the Consolidated School which opened on 6-2-1951, despite building starting in June 1948, because of water supply problems.
P.31-6. CHURCHES. Wesleyan Methodist 1884 on James Wheeler's block near the P.O. but a little further up the hill. Trustees-Edward Barker, William Kemp, James Wheeler, Jonathon Davis, Alfred Head, Nelson Rudduck and William McIlroy.The only debt when the church opened on 25-1-1885 was 24/- owed to Jonah Griffith .
The first to be married there were Jonathon Davis and Elizabeth Kemp . Organists were Miss Thompson till 1890, Misses Head and Wheeler then alternating until the latter married. Ernest Arkwell was appointed Chapel Steward in 1890 and took over as a lay preacher following Mr E. Barker's death in 1905.
Main Creek Methodists opened in 1914.
In 1920, Mr Rudduck resigned as a trustee (replace by Charles Trewin) and Mr Kemp died(replaced by his daughter, Mrs Elizabeth Davis.) In 1932 the church was moved with Rev.L.Coulthard on top lifting wires. Other trustees were Mr E.Trewin (who died in 1962 after 38 years as a trustee), and Messrs J.Simpson, J.Holmes, R.Thurstain, and V.Trewin.
The church was closed in 1962 and sold to Peninsula Gardens(Melway 170 J9)in 1968 as a chapel for holiday makers.

PRESBYTERIAN. Dromana opened June 1888. (See P.121-3 of ADOD.) 1890 Red Hill services in school house. 1922 building committee Cr George Higgens and Messrs T.Chapman, R.Holland, A.Haig (former councillor), W.Haig and R.McSwain.Services in Red Hill Hall from 1927 due to increased population near station.The new church opened on 4-2-1934 with much of the building having been erected over 30 volunteers over 2 days (not quite as quick as the Rosebud church in front of the Rosebud Beach Safeway site!)
Organists Mrs H.J.Skidmore (who started the choir) and Mesdames Bowring, Buntrock, Blakely, Warnecke and Miss A.Liversidge*. (*See Red Hill P.O. A member of the family might have been the great goalkicker in the early years of Rosebud Football Club, formed 1929!) There were memorials in the church for Cr Higgens, and James Wiseman, Ken Davis and Ralph Erskine, three members killed in W.W.2.

CHURCH OF CHRIST. First service at Glenbower, home of Mr and Mrs Robert Sheehan in late 1885. Later they were held in alternate homes and the old State School. A Sunday School was run by Mrs John Sheehan, assisted by Mr Bowring. In early 1910 three sites for a chapel were considered andthat on Mr W.Holmes' property opposite Arkwells Lane was chosen. A small wooden chapel was built by Mr Harvey in April 1911; prior to this, baptisms were held in the sea at Shoreham and Dromana. In 1939, the hall was built and in 1956, the manse was built on land donated by Mr M.Wright.

CHURCH OF ENGLAND. The Vicar at Flinders held some services at the school and at "Devona" (mainly for the Jarmans.)Rev. Watts of Hastings used to leave his motor bike at Merricks and walk along the railway line to Red
Hill in the winter (the roads being quagmires.) About 1949, Rev.Goodison conducted services in the Mechanics' Institute. The old school was bought on 1-6-1955 and named St George's with Rev. Reddrop conducting services.
p.36. Photos of Methodist and Presbyterian churches.

P.37. ROADS AND STORES. The cutting nearest the top of Arthurs Seat, Brien's (Bryan's)was mainly used as a bullock track for hauling timber to Dromana.Simon's Cutting was halfway down the mountain and extremely steep in places but a fair walking track.Eaton's Cutting reaches Arthurs Seat Rd almost the Consolidated School. Although formed and gravelled, it was subject to severe erosion. James Holmes was lucky to escape death when his motor buggy rolled backwards over a steep bank and overturned. (A village settlement pioneer, Thiele, was killed on Eatons Cutting Rd and Hec Hanson gives a great description of the surface in Memoirs of a Larrikin. I will be producing another journal about Red Hill based on Hec's memories, such as rescuing Mr Rodda from the open fire in the schoolhouse. In 1904, W.H.Blakely bought a Crestmobile (picture on P.62.)The Country Roads Board was formed in 1913 and tenders were awarded to Byrne Bros. and Vansuylen Bros. respectively for forming and metalling White Hill Rd. Mornington-Flinders Rd was declared a public highway in 1914.
P.38. Although some people such as William Shand still walked to Melbourne, it was more usual to travel from Dromana on vessels such as the Gertrude, Awaroa and S.S.Reliance which berthed at Little Dock (which catered to Lime and later firewood trade) or the famous steamers, Ozone, Hygea (sic) and Weeroona. Later Harry Cairns conducted a carrier business using a covered wagon drawn by two horses. This was about the only service from Red Hill to Melbourne.People walked, very early, to Moat's Corner to meet the wagon which got them to Mornington Station (very slowly) but in time to catch the 9a.m. train. Later a walk to Kennedy's Corner and a ride in a two horse coach to Bittern Station became popular.
(The late Ray Cairns' father, Harry, was called "Hill" Harry, and farmed at Maroolaba near Patterson Rd at Fingal. It was his cousin "Carrier" or "Rabbity" Harry Cairns, who lived near Melway 253 B9 and commenced his pick up of fish, rabbits and passengers at Cape Schanck.)

There was a small general store at the post office and William Hillis started a butcher's shop at the top of post office hill.Later there was another general store almost opposite the Presbyterian Church which was later used as a haberdashery and bootmaker's. The Red Hill Sth post office housed a general store and another general store was operated by Mr and Mrs W.E.Craig.(W.S.Craig played his 200th game of footy with Somerville in 1936 while living at Pearcedale, where there is a Craig Rd. Perhaps W.E.Craig was his cousin.)

P.39. On Monday afternoons the doctor (Weld?) came from Dromana and saw patients in the back of Craig's store.Also on Mondays the very small National Bank near the railway line was open for business.
P.40. Photos of an orchard and Holmes' valley in 1921.

P.41-3. THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. The Dromana Historical Society decided to reprint Sheila's book without any alterations. Hopefully there is now an index. Sheila's description of living conditions is excellent and settlers are quoted without mentioning any names. As in the case of an original pioneer, Frances Windsor, these later settlers have not been mentioned.
INFORMATION THAT I HAD COMPILED HERE ABOUT THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT PIONEERS HAS BEEN TRANSFERRED TO A SEPARATE JOURNAL ENTITLED "PIONEERS OF THE VILLAGE SETTLEMENT AT RED HILL, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA."

P.44. Photos of the first Red Hill Show and Clearing the showgrounds. (I have seen a reference, which I can't find, to the showgrounds area being called Arkwell's Bush, and Bob White carting the timber that was cleared to Rosebud for firewood in his bullock dray.)

P.45. GOLD. In the 1880's B.F.Eaton wrote a letter to council asking permission to to cut a watercourse for mining purposes. He found 7 ounces of gold in 7 years.
In Lime Land Leisure, the history of the Shire of Flinders, C.N.Hollinshed mentioned the gold mining brother of Watson Eaton but did not supply his given name. Why? Colin McLear had obviously given him a manuscript that was published after Colin's death as A Dreamtime of Dromana. Colin did not know the brother's name and Charles did not bother to find out.

I eventually discovered that the gold mining brother's name was Bernard in a Dromana Trades Directory of 1888.
I also discovered that Benjamin Eaton, a librarian, was paying rates on a Dromana property and suspect that he was paying rates for Maud Eaton, whom Colin discusses in some detail. Another librarian, Thomas Eaton, could have been another Eaton brother who had come out with the Griffith family from the United States.

Bernard F.Eaton would have known well how to cut a watercourse for mining purposes (a race); Wise's directory of 1868 had the following entry in the Alphabetical section: B.F.Eaton, race owner, Creswick.By supplying the initials, Sheila has turned the suspicion that Bernard was the Creswick race owner into a certainty.

Watson Eaton settled on a 150 acre block (7B, no section, Kangerong) at the west corner of Eatons Cutting Rd and Arthurs Seat Rd. Colin discusses his service as a doctor to the district, recalled by a plaque kept in a church and now in the Dromana Museum, which continued for many years until his death as a result of a fall while riding to a patient in 1877. Colin said that he'd had some medical training before leaving America but Watson, himself, denied that he had been to University or received medical training. (Report of an inquest in my "Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around on Trove".)

The Eatons and Griffith families had started off on the Survey and their neighbours there, the Peateys and Clydesdales who lived east of Moats Corner, were among those who worked at Bernard's mine at Tubbarubba. The Moats probably found the missing evidence from the 1874 Schnapper Point Murder trial while working for Bernard.


P.46. Photos of woodchoppers at the first show and a special train to the first show

P.47. MURDER. This gives limited detail of the SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER of 1874, which was given that name rather than the Tubbarubba Murder because the initial hearing was held at Mornington.

The following is an extract from my "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc". Articles are from The Argus.

11-11-1871. LAND ACT 1869. Schedule of applications to be heard at the local land board, Mornington on 13-11-1871. James Flood Jnr (Bittern 106.0.30, 1 a and b), Frank Counsel (Kangerong 121.1.27, lot 21), Richard P.Counsel (Kangerong 126.1.15, lot 20), Samuel Sherlock (Moorooduc, 30 acres, a reserve), James Wilson (Moorooduc 230 acres, part of reserve), James E. Cook (Moorooduc 76 acres, lot 21 and a reserve), James D.Allison (Moorooduc 2 acres, a reserve), George Jackline ((Moorooduc 6 ac, a reserve), William Grover (Moorooduc 30.0.5, a reserve), James Holcombe (Moorooduc 8 acres, a reserve), Benjamin Benton(Moorooduc 30 acres, part of a reserve).
One would assume that Reserve would mean a timber or water reserve but I think that it must mean with-held from sale (alienation). Benjamin Bentons 30 acres could have been the farm mentioned in regard to lot 3 on 3-12-1877 or 32 acres west of the junction of Tuerong and Three Chain Rd, crown allotment 26A, for which he received the grant on 8-2-1876. Melway references are given where the lands location is known.
Jas. Flood Jnr. (actually 166.0.30 Island View Drive), F.Counsel (161 D10-12)
R.P.Counsel (west of F.Counsels ), S.Sherlock (probably near Green Island Avenue), James Wilson , J.Cook (possibly near Paperbark Dr. and Hyperno Way), W.Grover (possibly north east of the beach end of Main St).
James Wilsons land was possibly part of a surrendered pre-emptive right such as near the Mornington Racecourse or east of Tuerong station, where E.M.Wilson received a grant of nearly 160 acres in 1888. John and Agnes Wilson were on Tuerong Station in 1874 when the Schnapper Point Murder took place, and were witnesses at the trial. J.B.Wilson selected 163 acres between Tuerong Station and The Briars in 1875, that later became Cheshires Moorellen. As J.H.Wilson was John, J.B.Wilson could have been James.
Charles Wilson, the train driver who became President of Mornington Shire, and after whom the C.B.Wilson Reserve in Wilsons Rd, Mornington was named, was a child of the marriage of a Wilson lass from Tuerong and an unrelated Wilson lad from Mornington.

THE SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER.
21-9-1874. Several residents near Three Chain Road were witnesses in the case of the Schnapper Point Murder. James Firth and his brother had come to see John and Agnes Wilson, who were occupying the Tuerong Station following Ralph Ruddells insolvency, to borrow some arsenic. James helped the constable to find the body. John McCusker, who was a sheep farmer living north of the two vineyards that are now located on Foxeys Rd, and his cousin, Peter Donnelly, were also key witnesses. Patrick Shannon was acquitted of murdering John Moriarty (Argus 19-10-1874.) One mystery that remained was what had become of some items that Moriarty was known to be carrying at the time of his death. The Hobart Mercury reported on 22-7-1895 that Charles and Frank Moat had found Moriartys watch and scales, but stated that if these items had been available at the trial, the verdict would have been the same.
Charles and Frank Moat owned land between Moats Corner and the racecourse (which is now a Recreation Reserve (Melway 160 H-J6.) By 1895 Charles had married a Rye girl and had become a Rye resident. However the depression of the 1890s was at its worst and the Moats (and Clydesdale and Peatey lads) were probably working on the Tubbarubba diggings for Bernard Eaton (the mysterious Mr Eaton mentioned by Colin McLear and C.N.Hollinshed.)
Further details of the trial are mentioned in my Tuerong.

P.48. Photos of Chamber's Mill crew and the Red Hill hall.

P.49. THE GREAT WAR. Sheila lists Red Hill men who enlisted in the great war, giving details of deaths and diabilities resulting. They were Charles Trewin, William and Joseph McIlroy, William Hind (Merricks), Richard, Robert,Arthur and Herbert McIlroy, Reg and Sid Sheehan, Walter Champion, Jack Gibson, Walter Brown, Sam McKay, Joseph Smith, Andrew and Bert Nicholson, Harry Harrison, Chris, Ernie and Fred White, and Dave Barker from Main Creek. (Some names here confirm my choice of boundaries for my dictionary history journal.)

W.W.2. Sheila listed Bob Trewin, Jack Wiseman, Ken Davis, Ralph Erskine and Ern Radford, who all lost their lives. (Members of the Red Hill Football Club who enlisted are in the RED HILL ENLISTMENTS entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.) The R.S.L. was formed in 1916 and the Dromana sub-branch in 1922. Red Hill received its charter in 1947, meeting in the Red Hill hall before purchasing two blocks at the end of the hall road (Mechanics Rd?)

P.50. Photos of the first train arriving and the railway opening.

P.51. A meeting in July 1882 in which Joseph McIlroy was involved and formation of the Mornington Peninsula Combined Railway League in June 1889 did little to help Red Hill and the depression of the 1890's (put a halt to Tommy Bent's massive expansion of railways, with Henry Gomm getting a station next to "Glenhoya" and his future Somerville Hotel just in the nick of time. I though Henry worth mentioning because his grandson, George, married a Wilson girl from Red Hill.) At a meeting at the Red Hill schoolhouse in 1899 (at night in atrocious weather conditions; I have read the newspaper article,a reformed railway league was formed with) William McIlroy as Chairman in the absence of Mr Downard M.L.A. (Downward). Office bearers elected were: William Harrison (Pres.), A.Bennett (Sec.), Robert Sheehan (Treas.) W.H.Blakeley, Mr Davey, William McIlroy and Thomas Cleine were appointed as a deputation to gain a railway extension to Red Hill and were to meet at Blakeley's premises in Lonsdale St (No.115 according to the 1919-20 rates.)There were arguments about alternative routes.

There always were arguments! Mt Eliza residents opposed a commonsense proposal to have a railway run directly to Mornington instead of the lengthy detour through Mornington Junction (Baxter.) A railway was proposed to Sorrento and Dromana actually had a "Railway Estate" bounded by Palmerstone Ave and Jetty and Boundary Rds. (1919-20 rates.) It was proposed that the railway go through Red Hill but a deputation from Moorooduc pointed out that a line passing through Moorooduc would save considerable distance and cost. Observer of Dromana probably owned much of the Railway Estate! (Google "railway, Sorrento, Red Hill, Moorooduc; e.g. Frankston and Somerville Standard 24-4-1925 p.1, Argus 23-4-1925 p.9.)
Alfred Downward was a much respected member of Parliament but it is amazing how his name was rendered as Downard from Rye to Red Hill by the pioneers.

P.53.The Railway's official opening on 23-9-1921 was organised by a committee that included Sam Tuck, a resident of Manton's Creek for 77 years and James Wiseman who was too sick to attend the opening, dying a few days later.Mrs Haig, aged 92 and a resident of 45 years helped the minister cut the ribbon.Messrs McIlroy, Haig and Calder were among the 25 speech makers.

P.56. Slow and late trains and William Calder's improved roads led to a lack of railway patronage and the last train left in June, 1954. Another photo of the opening.

P.57. FIRE. Cr George Higgens chaired a meeting in 1940 to form a fire brigade with Thomas Erlandsen, G.Jarman and Robert Holmes being elected as President, Secretary and Captain. In 1942 there was a serious outbreak at the back of Yuille Wilson's property near the O.T.dam. (See TREWIN in the dictionary history re Yuille Wilson, his wife, Bess and his twin daughters. See A Dreamtime of Dromana regarding the name of the dam.)
P.58. Karl Cleine was the captain in 1946. As they had no truck they used Bob Holmes' truck. Cr Keith Holmes was appointed Secretary (of a building committee? my notes not clear!)and a fire station was built on (redundant!) railway property in 1955. Bob Holmes resigned as Captain at the age of 70 in 1955 and Geoff Sandford took over. Following the death of Mr G.Laurissen, Alan Bowring was elected President. A team was entered in Regional demonstrations in 1958 with Ted Littlejohn, Russell Simpson and Kevin Holmes as Lieutenants.
SPORTS.
Annual picnics at Shoreham, concerts in the old school and Methodist church, and later socials in the Church of Christ or William Holmes' fruit shed, the school's bird day and visits to the "tunnel" between Simon's and Eaton's cuttings are discussed.

P.59. THE RIFLE CLUB. 1900, Pres. Mr McLear J.P. Some others involved were J.Shand (Capt.), H., J.W.and Joseph McIlroy, A.Head, Jonathon Davis, D.Mairs, Huntley and Simpson. The range was at McIlroy's Ranges paddock rather than Palmer's Point as first proposed. (David Mairs, who may have been a grantee of much land now part of Essendon Aerodrome was not a Red Hill resident but was the grantee of ----acres of land at-----. See the David Mairs journal about a probable marital link to the Huntleys. The Simpsons may have lived near the Mairs.)

P.60.HORSE RACING. The racecourse near Moat's Corner and Jonah Griffith's two horses that won everywhere.
FOOTBALL. Report of a Dromana v Red Hill match in which A McIlroy (B.O.G.), K.Cleine, R.Sheehan, G.Laurissen, R.Wilson, R.Trewin, Holmes and Prosser (sic) were the best players. The early jumper was like Joseph's coat of many colours. The club was (re)formed in 1929. (The same clubs had played on Red Hill's football ground circa 1891!)
In 1917-8, 6 acres of land was purchased from the Arkwells at 10 pounds per acre. (In his brief history W.J.Holmes called this "Arkwell's Bush" and said that Bob White had carried much cleared timber to Rosebud in his bullock dray to be sold as firewood.)The Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society held their shows at Dromana before 1915. Reformed, with the same name, this body held its first show at the coolstore at Red Hill in 1922, the President being R.McIlroy and the secretary J.Holland. There was a break from 1939 due to the war and shows resumed in 1947 with W.Milburn Pres. and W.Kleehammer Sec. (I wonder if Mr Milburn was a descendant of Basket Davey Milburn of Keilor!)
CRICKET. The Kangerong club of 1899-1900 was mainly made up of Red Hill men.The first pitch in Red Hill was laid out on the property of Andrew Haig (to be detailed in my Dictionary History journal). With Russ Trewin as captain, Red Hill played their first game against Main Ridge on 27-1-1923. Red Hill joined the S.P.C.A. in 1923-4 and did moderately well. The next season Cecil Eeles was appointed captain-coach and led J.Holland, C.Beck, S.Maine, G.Hansford, E.Haig, K.Cleine, R.Edwards, B.Shearing, R.Siggers and Robbins to a premiership. By this season a pitch on the Rec.Res. was being used.
TENNIS was first played on "Wildwood" and later at the recreation ground.Miss Janet Wiseman and Andrew Haig were among the earliest players.

P.62. Photos of W.H.Blakeley's Crestmobile and Red Hill Tennis Club in the early 1920's.

P.63. Orchards and Gardens. In the Spring of 1862, the first of many apple trees, provided by the Government, were planted. Joseph McIlroy daubed trees with cow dung, possibly to cover saw wounds and cuts. (Much detail from an article called Around Red Hill in August 1902 has been provided in the Village Settlement journal and other orchards and gardens will be included in the Dictionary History journal.

P.65.The coolstore was started in December 1919 and finished in May 1920. The directorate was A.Haig, H.Prossor, S.Holland, F.Butler, W.Jarman, and J.Holland (Sec.)It was destroyed by fire in May, 1929. In 1920 a meeting was held to (re)form the Red Hill Agricultural and Horticultural Society and the Red Hill Fruitgrowers' Association.

P.66. Mr E.Bowring Snr was the manager,for two years,of the packing shed erected in 1927 just west of the first coolstore. Passiflora grew passionfruit near Moat's Corner in the 1930's. ( Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives much detail about this company and the O.T. company, which Sheila also mentions.)

P.67. Ben Benson cut sleepers for the Geelong railway in 1857. At the turn of the century there were two saw mills (at Red Hill.)The earliest was established by William Holmes and Major Shaw had a mill opposite Lester's garage site for four years. (See Dictionary History journal re Major Shaw.) John Shand had a mill near Merricks and Chamber's Mill was at Main Ridge. (Chamber's Mill is mentioned in the Conservation Study.)

P.68. Photo of the(second) Red Hill coolstore in the 1930's.

P. 69. Nostalgic memories.

FINIS.

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