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I found this fantastic description while trying to work out when Jessie Sheppard was replaced on Crowe's Hill by Thomas Crinnion. It has some unknowns (Mr Lincolne)and spelling errors (the occupant of "Stewarton") but is so valuable that I had to interrupt my Bulla research to record it. As "young" creates thousands of results on trove,I have been unable to verify Peter Young owning (or leasing from the Crown) much land in the parish of Doutta Galla (a claim which could be based on this article!) Following the description of the route and terrain, I can only guess that Peter Young was on St John's (section 23 Doutta Galla) and that he was leasing from Lady Franklin, the hill being at Strathmore Heights near Strathnaver Avenue. Where farms can be identified, their names will be provided, inserted into the article as headings in upper case and bold type.

The Glenroy Estate is a special case. Bounded by the line of Rhodes Parade,the Moonee Ponds, Johnstone St/Camp Rd and (roughly)the line of Morley/Valencia/Fairview Sts,it was never a Run but part of a large purchase in the parish of Will Will Rook,made in Sydney on 12-9-1838 by speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Donald Kennedy bought land north of Broadmeadows Township, and the estate described above,cheaply following the 1843 depression. The Camerons probably leased much of the Glenroy Estate for about a decade and named it Glenroy.

The only farm on the Glenroy estate in early times whose name has been specified was Robert McDougall's "Cona" from whence he moved to Aitken's Estate for about a decade before buying Arundel,according to his obituary. Robert was on Cona by 1849 when he wrote a letter to John Pascoe Fawkner in his time machine, finishing the letter exactly a year before he started. That'll make you read the letter!
By the way the Five Mile Creek flowed through the water reserve at Melway 28 F1, along Salmon Reserve meet the Moonee Ponds Creek at 28 J-K2; the National School just north of the Junction was accessed via GOVERNMENT ROAD. The Young Queen bridge was the Pascoe Vale bridge,the Young Queen Inn being on the west side of the road just north of the bridge.

Robert McDougall's letter revealed why the tenants (i.e. on the Glenroy Estate) did not contribute to the making of Pascoe Vale Rd. (P.4, Argus, 23-11-1849.)

(From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
THE agricultural district known as Moonee Ponds, is one of the largest and perhaps the most important in the
colony. The general richness and fertility of its soil, the improved system of farming already extensively introduced within its bounderies, and its contiguity to the metropolis are alone sufficient to justify the appellation.

But it comprises amongst its farmers a large proportion of those enterprising agricultural pioneers, who are becoming to this oolony what the Webbs, the Portlands, and the Mechis have for many years been to the mother
country. With an instinctive determination to excel, not only in the tillage of their lands, but in the formationof their herds and flocks, they have pursued their aim with an industrious energy and discriminating judgment that has already resulted in considerable benefit to their brother farmers. On some farms in the district the use of agricultural machinery in almost every branch of farm labour has been reduced to a practical success and a course of action defined that will afford farmers the opportunity of counteracting to a considerable extent, the existing unprofitable rate of wages. On others, herds have been formed that would by no means occupy an unfavourable position, if placed in actual comparison with the most famed stock in England.

And it will be sufficient to substantiate this remark, if I nstance the yearling short-horn bull bred by Mr. Rawdon Greene, which obtained the first prize of its class at the recent annual show of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society, and its dam, " Bonnet the Fourth," which was also awarded the first prize of its class. The practical value that must attach to the introduction and propagation, in the colony of this first-class stock cannot be too highly estimated.

My first point of observation in the district was at Essendon. On the right of the road from Melbourne Mr. M'Phail cultivates some land, but only to a limited extent. He farms on a much larger scale on the
Deep Creek, also in the Moonee Ponds district.
(Heritage Studies stated that McPhail had owned the part of Hawstead on which Alexander McCracken built his North Park mansion (now the Columban Mission), McPhail seeming to have bought it from William Kissock. The so- called Deep Creek farm was James Robertson's Spring Hill, which is today's Aberfeldie, where McPhail hosted the first Presbyterian services in Essendon. The so-called Moonee Ponds farm would have been "Rosehill" on Main's Estate between Rosehill Rd and Buckley St.)

Mr.Cooke, of the Lincolnshire Arms hotel, has a well-cultivated farm on the left of the road, and here it will be remembered the recent trial of mowing machines under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society took
place. The principal crop was oats, a large extent of which was cut for hay. The crop was fully an average,
and in some places exceedingly heavy.

About a mile beyond Mr. Cooke's, on the road to Keilor, is an excellent farm belonging to Mr. Lincolne. The crop was generally good, chiefly oats, and has been harvested in capital order. (See comment 1 below the journal.)

SPRING PARK. (17a Doutta Galla.)
Adjoining Mr. Lincolne's is a large farm belonging to Mr. Patrick Phelan, and quite a baronial residence has been built upon it by the proprietor. About 150 acres were under crop, chiefly with oats, of which the principal portion was cut for hay. Harvesting operations were entirely completed about a fortnight ago ; the crops were all good, and were stacked in prime order.

On the left of the road, opposite Mr.Phelan's, are the farms of Mr. John Dick, Mr.Kavanagh, and Mr. Wilson. Upon all, oaten hay is the principal product, but harvest has only been completed within the last few days.
(See my journal "1888 Geography with the Melbourne Hunt" re James Wilson's farm "Spring Farm" on Main's Estate west of Hoffmans Rd. I can supply title information about Kavanagh and John Dick.)

ST JOHNS? (23 Doutta Galla.)
Turning to the right at this point, and crossing the Deep Creek road in the parish of Doutta Galla, I came upon Mr. Young's farm, nearly in the centre of the Moonee Ponds district. The harvest had been completed, and a steam threshing machine was very expeditiously knocking out tho grain. On this farm about 140 acres were under crop ; 100 were in oats cut for hay, and about 16 saved for seed; only 10 acres were in wheat.

I mention those particulars, which rule throughout the larger extent of the district, as evidence that farmers within a certain distance of tho metropolis regard the growth of hay as more profitable than the production of corn.

BELLE VUE PARK. (253 acres east of Pascoe Vale Rd bounded on the south and west by the Moonee Ponds.)
Crossing a running creek at the foot of the hill upon which Mr. Young's farm is situated I entered the parish of Pascoevale(sic). Here Mr. John Pascoe Fawkner has a pretty estate, which I admired less for the extent of its cultivation, than for the thoroughly English-like appearance it presents. It is surrounded and intersected with high and shrub-like fences, that irresistibly remind one of the green hedgerows of old England.
(Parish of Jika Jika!)

The avenue by which the homestead is approached is prettily bordered with flowery shrubs and majestic aloes. The effect is pleasing, and affords a welcome relief to the endless posts and rails and stone walls with which, with but rare exceptions, Victorian farms are fenced.

CONA. North of Victoria St. Probably the part of section 1 Will Will Rook west of Pascoe Vale Rd.)
Above Mr. Fawkner's estate is the farm of Mr. M'Dougall. The excellence of this gentleman's herd is well known, and it has received some valuable additions by his recent importations.

Well, If the journalist couldn't come up with something interesting and new to say about Robert McDougall, I've got a beauty! Robert was a brother-in-law of Sunbury's Peter Eadie,both having married daughters of John Rankin of Roseneath at the corner of Macaulay and Rankins Rds at Kensington.
At Roseneath Cottage, near Flemington, on Wednesday, 20th inst., by special license, by the Rev.John Reid, Minister of St. John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla, Robert McDougall, Esq., of Glenroy, to Margaret, eldest daughter of John Rankin, Esq. (P.4, Argus,26-7-1853.)

Opposite this farm is that of Mr. James Macintosh, M.L.A.,known as the Glenroy Estate. Here about 300 acres
were, under crop, and the whole extent has been harvested and stocked in capital order. Oaten hay was the
principal product, and the yield will average about 2 ton to to the acre. The extent to which machinery is
used upon this farm, and the oomplete success which has attended its application to almost every branch of labour, merit especial notice.

I have already said that about 300 acres were cropped with oats, nearly the whole of which was cut for hay.
Five of Kitchener's mowing machines were simultaneously employed upon the crop, and in six days 260 acres
were cut down. The swathes were gathered with horse rakes, and twelve one-horse carts kept in constant operation for carting. The hay was unloaded and stacked with sufficient expedition to keep the twelve carts at full work, by means of an elevator of more prodigious power and improved construction than I have hitherto seen.

The principle upon which this implement is made, is similar to that of the elevators now ordinarily attached
to threshing machines to ensure greater facility in stacking tho straw. But it is made upon a far larger scale,
and is provided with an immense platform on to which the load is overturned, and from which it is gradually
elevated to any required height by tho machine. This system of gradual elevation is a decided improvement
upon those machines which grapple the load and transfer it bodily, or in only two portions, to the stack. By
the latter process, not only is it absolutely necessary to have more men upon the stack to dispose of the load,
but it is manifest it cannot be so thoroughly separated, and must therefore deteriorate in quality. Besides this Mr. Macintosh's machine is fully and equably employed, and can be driven at a rate that will unload each onehorse cart in two minutes.

There is a stationary steam engine upon the farm, which is used to drive the threshing machine, chaff-cutter, oat crusher, and any other implement for which it is available. Formerly, the practice pursued by Mr. Macintosh was to cut all his oaten-hay for sale, and send it to market in bags. An excellent contrivance has been devised for accomplishing this labour cheaply and expeditiously. Adjacent to the chaff cutter a hole has been dug sufficiently large to hold one full sack. It is covered by a trapdoor in which a circular hole is cut, one half of its circle being in each half of the trap. The sack is lowered when empty through this aperture, and its mouth fastened to the trap door, and held open, by steel hooks. The cut hay is swept from the delivery board into the sack, and a boy fills it and presses the chaff down by stomping upon it. The bag is thus filled fuller than it could be otherwise and the labour of one pair of hands to hold open its mouth altogether spared. With one man to drive the engine, two to draw the hay, one to feed the machine, one boy to fill and press the bags, and one man to sew them up, from four to five tons of hay per day can be cut, and sacked up ready for delivery.

But all the arrangements at Glen Roy partake of the oharacter of those upon a model farm. The outbuildings are
newly built, and exceedingly convenient and commodious. The horse stock, of which seven or eight teams are constantly employed, are useful and well-bred animals ; and the manner in which every operation upon the farm is conducted and finished testifies the superintendence of a practical farmer in the truest sense of the term.

All who are conscious that their own system of management affords scope for improvement, and are anxious to know how it can be best accomplished, will I conceive profit by a visit to Mr. Mackintosh's farm.

Again crossing the road in the direction of Broadmeadows, and leaving Mr. M'Dougall's farm on the left, the track leads on to two large farms occupied respectively by Messrs. James, and Gordon Cameron, the former gentleman had 200 and the latter 250 acres under crop. Nearly the whole extent of Mr.Gordon Cameron's cultivation is for oaten hay, and Mr.James Cameron's, wheat and seed oats, in about equal proportions. The crops here were generally good, and harvest is now entirely finished.

STEWARTON (GLADSTONE FROM 1892) (Section 5 Tullamarine.)
The next farm belongs to Mr. M'Connecke, who had very nearly 300 acres under crop. Besides wheat and oats, Mr. M'Connceke had about twelve acres sown with peas which he had saved for seed. The crop was good, and promised a fair yield, but before it could be carted it was very much injured by a strong hot wind to which it was exposed
and which shaled out a large proportion of tho seed. There is also upon the farm a small extent of ground
with Sorghum Saccheratum. It is flourishing well, and is green and fresh looking, while almost every other
plant or grass is sere.

The following shows the correct spelling for the occupant of Stewarton but also that the Broadmeadows Road Board assessed a dead man on the property in 1863,unless the dead John had a cousin named John who took over the lease,or the John who died in 1859 was a visiting cousin of the occupant.

Maconochie.On the 19th ult., of consumption, at Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, aged 35,John W. Maconochie son of Alexander Maconochie, Archiestown, Morayshire, Scotland.(P.4, Argus, 16-7-1859.)

Adjacent to the township of Broadmeadows, Mr. Chadwick holds a large extent of grass land, but only cultivates a comparatively small portion. There are several farms on either side of the direct road from Melbourne beyond Broadmeadows, Messrs. Donald and John M'Kercher (sic), have respectively 200 and 100 acres in cultivation, and beyond their occupation is the farm of Mr. J. C. Cochrane, well known to the public as the owner of "Cochrane's Clyde."
William Chadwick may have been leasing Glen Allan or just part of the eastern area of the township where allotments were much bigger and many were bought by speculators.Donald McKerchar's Greenan was on the north west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Roads extending about a quarter of a mile,400 metres,to the west where it adjoined John McKerchar's "Greenvale".

On the left of tho same road there is a large extent of cultivation. Mr. Gordon had about 120 acres under crop.
Harvest is entirely finished in the locality, and when I was at Mr. Gordon's a steam threshing machine was in
active operation.

Mr. M'Lean has about 100 acres in cultivation adjoining Mr. Gordon's farm. Mr. M'Lean's production is chiefly confined to corn, and the same remark will apply to nearly all the farmers in this locality.

The next farm is held by Mr. McNab, and here harvest is not yet completed. When I visited the farm, there was
a considerable extent of wheat still standing. About 150 acres are under crop, principally in wheat. One paddock is being fallowed. There is a scarcity of good water in this locality, except where largad large tanks have been made to preserve the rainfall.

Beyond Mr. M'Nabs, and in a direct line with Crow's Hill, is Mr. Alexander Mackintosh's farm. About 90 acres are in cultivation, but clearing has been only recently commenced upon the farm, and a considerably larger extent will be cropped next season.

On the right of this farm Mr. Toogood has about 100 acres under crop. Wheat and seed oats are the staple products. On Crow's Hill, Mr. Macpherson farms largely. The harvest is somewhat backward, and a considerable extent remains uncleared.

Pursuing the tract to the left, and keeping Crow's Hill to the right,the next farm belongs to Mr. Murdoch Mackintosh. Here 137 acres of oats were cut for hay, and 30 saved for seed. One paddock is being fallowed, and there are about 2 acres planted with bolcus, and about the same extent with mangold wurtzel and carrots respec-
tively. The crops upon the farm are generally good, and great care is bestowed upon the management of each
department. There is a fruit garden, comprising about 3 acres really densely studded with vines, peach, pear,
apple, plum, and apricot trees. The vines, promise a positively redundant yield, and their branches were
loaded down with fruit. The plum and, apricot trees have borne an equally prolific yield, and the pear trees
are more thickly hung with fruit than leaves. The ground has never been manured, but has all been double
trenched to a depth of twenty-four inches.

I was shewn two excellent draught entires in tip top condition, not-withstanding their season is now about finished. One of them is the celebrated Prince Charlie, which won the first prize and one stake in the champion cup, at the recent show of the Port Phillip Farmers Society.Mr. Macintosh is peculiarly fortunate in preserving an excellent supply of good water. It is chiefly obtained from three natural springs in the course of the creek that intersects his farm. I may add that all the crops upon the farm were cut by machinery, and stacked by an
elevator, but of an inferior description to that I have alluded on Mr. James Macintosh's farm, at Pascoe-

Emerging upon the Sunbury Road, in the parish of Bulla, I turned again towards Melbourne. One of the first estates on the left of the road in that direction belong to Mr. Rawdon Greene. I regret that the absence of the proprietor prevented me inspecting his valuable herd of Shorthorns, but the merits of both his horse and cattle stock are too well-known and appreciated to need commendation here.

GLENDEWAR. (Much of section 15,Tullamarine.)
Passing on towards the Deep Creek, about half a mile from the roadside is the farm of Mr. Dewar. Here about 200 acres are under crop, 50 of which are in wheat, 5 in peas, and the remainder in oats - of the latter only 35 acres were saved for seed. The crops were generally good, and have been stacked in prime order.

GOWRIE PARK.(The 560 acres of 14 Tullamarine south west of Bulla Rd; most of Melbourne Airport.)
On the right of the road of this point is Mr. Duncan's farm, on which the recent trial of reaping machines, under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was held. The crops here were good, for although light in straw, they were exceedingly heavily headed, and promise a very fair field.

There are one or two other farms in this immediate locality, and a few miles beyond it, is Mr. Young's
farm Doutta Galla, from which point, after leaving Essendon, I oommenced my ride through the Moonee
Ponds District. (THE HARVEST IN VICTORIA. (From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Tuesday 31 January 1860 p 6 Article.)


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago

WILLIAM WESTGARTH AND EARLY MELBOURNE. (Index of pioneers in order of appearance at start of journal.)

Bold type indicates a major mention. I wanted to include these names under appropriate chapter heading in the CONTENTS below to better indicate their location given the lack of page numbers, but every time I edit, I lose most of the surnames, so the journal will remain untouched. All names are of Victorian pioneers, with the exception of Darwin (friend of Edward Wilson after his return to England.) I believe James Sceales should be James Scales.


George Sinclair Brodie was heavily involved in Melbourne's early history and I expected to find an Australian Dictionary of Biography article about him. I found plenty of information about his arrival,his possible return home in 1851 and a possible divorce in the 1860's,his wife having remained in Australia. But not the Biography I had expected. However every cloud has a silver lining.

Having googled "George Sinclair Brodie,Victoria", I tried this result:
Personal Recollections of Early Melbourne and Victoria - Project ...‎
I had long looked forward to one more visit to Victoria, perhaps the last I should ..... where I first met my most worthy old friend, George Sinclair Brodie, so well ...

William Westgarth's history had been much quoted in a history of the Lalor/ Epping area (in regard to its early Lutheran influence) that Irma Hatty kindly offered to lend me years ago so the portion about his involvement in the encouragement of German immigration came as no surprise. His history is absolutely wonderful and gives much information about prominent residents of early Melbourne, squatters, parliament etc. Even though it did not give the detail I sought about G.S.Brodie,I was compelled to read it to the very end.

William attended the wedding of John Batman's daughter at John Aitken's Mt Aitken and his description of how guests coped with the lack of accommodation has the sort of anecdotal detail which makes eye-witness history so valuable. He provided fascinating insights into the Jacksons of Sunbury, Edward Wilson of the Argus, James Stewart Johnston of "Craig Lee" and so many other pioneers.

Thanks to Project Gutenberg Australia for making this great history available online.

Here is a table of contents.












































The author of Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula.

This has been posted on Facebook after two tries here.

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago

Re: [GSV] Ford, Skelton, Sullivan & McGrath families of Point Nepean.

I am helping one of my people from my Family History Group of the Breakfast
Point Probus Club with their family history.

James McGRATH butcher died on 21 Feb 1865 aged 37 years. His place of burial
states " Sanctuary Station". I am wondering if anyone can shed some light on
Sanctuary Station please ?
Would logically be a vast cattle or sheep station somewhere in Australia.
So give us a clue as which STATE it may be.
I know there is a Point Nepean in Vic.but sure I have heard the term for N.S.W.
Hope Di Christensen reads this.
SANCTUARY STATION was probably an alternative description of QUARANTINE STATION and a misreading of SANITARY STATION.

Extensive information about the four families, who lived on the Nepean Peninsula,that is the Portsea/Sorrento area on Victoria's Mornington Peninsula, is available in:
1. LIME LAND LEISURE, (Shire of Flinders), C.N.Hollinshed.

Genealogical information in 1. is a bit dodgy. It can probably be borrowed from the Mornington Peninsula Shire library system via an inter-library loan.

2 deals mainly with the second generation of the Skelton family and their spouses such as McGrath, Lugger Jack Clark etc.

3. takes the family connections much further and shows conclusively that it's wise not to badmouth any of the Nepean Peninsula pioneers while you're in the area, because the person you're talking to is likely to be related in some way.

James Ford married Dennis Sullivan's daughter. Both of them had stations but Sullivan's was on the site of the quarantine station and was dispossessed in 1852 when it was established. The Fords and Sullivans (+ Farnsworth etc.) are discussed in fair detail in 1 and 3. If the query concerns either of these families,their grants in the parishes of Nepean and Wannaeue can be found online. Google:
Nepean,county of Mornington or
Wannaeue,county of Mornington.

Until I know exactly which family is being researched(or families), I can't help much more at the moment. In regard to books 2 and 3, the researcher should ring Jenny Nixon for a chat. I just rang Jenny who said it was okay to include her number and that she would be happy to hear what information is required and to recommend the book most likely to supply it. She is excited to find out about an interstate descendant of one of the Nepean Peninsula pioneering families.Her own book is out of print but will be reprinted soon.
Jenny's phone number is xxxxxxxx.

Some information about the four families named will be found in my journals. Google the surname and itellya, family tree circles,
e.g. McGrath, itellya, family tree circles or Skelton, itellya, family tree circles etc.
Little Brother has replied back to me, rather than direct to you.
But, read & discover, there are some little gems within..
How clear & from where did you get Sanctuary Station ???

Confirmation that the Quarantine Station was also officially called the Sanitary Station.

MEAT FOR SANITARY STATION -Tenders will be received until eleven o'olock of Tuesday, 8th of August,from parties willing to supply meat for the use of the Sanitary Station at tho Heads. Farther Information,(etc.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 3 August 1854 p 3 Article-7th item in 1st column,Domestic Intelligence.)
P.S. I wouldn't mind betting that John Barker (Boniyong and Cape Schanck) won the contract and Sam Sherlock senior (then a lad) delivered the meat*. They also needed vegetables and they would have been supplied by James Ford* whose wife would have passed on the secrets that allowed the Sullivans to stagger early Melbourne with their giant cucumber** not long before they moved to the Heads in 1843*. James Ford may have been ready to supply meat as well by this time or soon after; in 1859 James Ford and Peter Purves were grazing 500 bullocks in the police paddock and got up a dodgy petition against a fence being built from White Cliffs to the back beach which would have prevented the free grazing***.

**EARLY MELBOURNE Michael? Sullivan.)

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago

THE EADIE FAMILY OF SUNBURY NEAR MELBOURNE, VIC., AUST.and the Healesville Sanctuary/ saving Winston Churchill..

See the EADIE entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA. Combined with information from Ian William Symonds' BULLA BULLA, it will provide much information about this fascinating family that has been associated with the Healesville Sanctuary,South Africa and New Zealand as well as Sunbury.

The following is posted here so I won't have to spend precious time trying to work out where to post it in the Eadie entry in the dictionary history without interrupting the flow of what I have written so far.The author of the letter was one of three sons of John Eadie senior of Ben Eadie, Sunbury. The (eldest?) John, would not have been allowed to enlist for the Boer War because of the fits he had suffered from boyhood. Platypus Bob, as I call him, went to South Africa in late 1896, to utilise his mining expertise and became an intelligence officer for the British in the Boer War,; the aforementioned expertise most likely being the reason that future prime minister, Winston Churchill,survived to make his famous WE SHALL FIGHT THEM ON THE BEACHES etc. speech. William Aitken Eadie was the third son and according to evidence in the trial concerning Miss Davies' right to be the sole beneficiary of John junior's will in 1904, William, the writer of this letter, was a bit extravagant when it came to drink and his ponies. Peter Eadie,mentioned in the letter was the son of Peter Eadie senior, who retired from his hotel and store in 1893 to enjoy life in his beautiful DUNBLANE (38-40 Jackson St but originally fronting Brook St)which was designed by Robert Eadie (most likely the mining engineer, Platypus Bob,a few years before he left for South Africa.)

Mr. W. A. Eadie, formerly of Sunbury,
and who joined the second contingent of
Commonwealth Horse, writes under date
May 6th from Newcastle, S. Africa :
'We left Durban on Saturday week, and
travelling by train arrived here Sunday
night. It was a beautiful trip through
very mountainous country, the scenery
being grand. We stopped at Colenso,
and had explained to us the famous
battle in which Lord Roberts' son fell;
it is a very small place. Every Britisher
that fell has a cross or else a headstone.
In some places as many as twenty are
buried together. The stones are really
good, the one over Lieutenant Roberts'
grave being a beauty. We arrived at
Lrdysmith on Sunday morning, and I
was very much surprised to find it such
a small place, not half the size of Sun
bury. We watered our horses there, and
had a look all round, and saw the Boers'
positions. It seems marvellous how Sir
George White could have held it so long.
Of course if the Boers had got possession
railway communication further north
would have been stopped, which meant a
great deal. On arriving at Pietermar
itzburg we got our arms and ammunition.
It is a very nice little town ; the Cape
Parliament sits there. Newcastle is a
small town, with a very busy railway
station, where all the fodder and rations
for the forces and blockhouses for miles
round are loaded. The blockhouses are
small forts, generally manned by ten to
forty men, and there is always one near
a bridge. They will probably do more
than anything else to bring the war to a
successful termination. Botha was re
ported captured the other day with ten
men ; and the Boers are surrendering
every week, they are very short of food
and clothes, and in my opinion the end
will come before another six months. We
leave here on the conclusion of the arm
istice, and will go into the Transvaal
about 250 miles further. Peter Eadie
was camped within three miles of us last
week, and left last Tuesday for the
Transvaal. I was going across in the
afternoon, but they struck camp early,
and entrained at 9 am. We are having
a splendid time, and are treated right
royally. Tell- he made a big mistake
in not coming; it is a splendid place for
a young man to make money in. A
fellow with a little brains can easily, after
a month's experience, earn 5 to 6 per
week, and in some cases more. The cost
of living is very reasonable. I saw three
fellows the other day who had called on
Robert Eadie at Vereeniging, and they
spoke very highly of both him and Mrs.
Eadie, who treated them in great style,
being awfully anxious for news from
Victoria. I wrote to Bob last week, and
expect to, see him shortly if all goes well.
I am kept very busy, being on special
duty nearly every day, and am in tip-top
nick. If things keep on as they are at
present, it is more than likely that I will
remain in South Africa with the standing
army for a little longer than 12 months;
but I suppose by that time, and after a
trip to England, I shall be glad to settle
down in Sunbury. We had a football
match last Saturday, and I kicked the
only two goals on our side; we have
some smart fellows with us. Everything
is going on nicely, except that Captain
Mailer, the adjutant, who is well known
in Sunbury, is very unpopular with the
men, some of whom swear they will shoot
him on the firing line. I like him very
well, and we get on firstrate; he is, as
many of the Sunbury fellows know, a bit
of a bully, but a thoroughly practical
man, and a good one for the position.
There are lots of minerals in this country,
coal in abundance. The Kaffirs are very
numerous round here, and are very par
tial to the British, but hate the Boers.
They do all the convoy work, sometimes
leading and driving as many as twenty
bullocks, and often one man drives 12
mules, and never less than six. It is
nothing unusual to see a convoy a mile
and a half long going out or coming in.
Majuba Hill (20 miles away), Laing's
Nek, and Botha's Pass are all plainly to
be seen from here.' (P.2, Sunbury News, 14-6-1902.)

1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 5 months ago


Gordon Connor was born in 1899. His father was a bootmaker at Moonee Ponds and had married a daughter of Charles Nash of Tullamarine*. One of the many stories that Gordon told me was used in my book WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR, finished just in time for the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, to illustrate how much the children walked in early days.
P.42. "One day Olive Connor and Ethel Cummins, two Moonee Ponds girls hardly out of the toddler stage, decided they'd walk up to see Grandma Nash at "Fairview" in Tullamarine (Melway 5 F6).Kidding their absence didn't cause some anxiety until their location was discovered."

After doing a fruitless trove search for Ethel Cummins, I entered Olive Connor and struck gold.
NASH. -In loving memory of our dear cousin, Percy, loved youngest son of Charles and Ellen Nash, Tullamarine, who passed away 16th July,1921.To know him was to love him.
(Inserted by his loving cousins, Ethel Kelly and Olive Connor, Moonee Ponds.)(P.13, Argus, 15-7-1922.)

It seems from the death notices below that Gordon had given Ethel's married name and that she was the daughter of Emma Nash who had become Mrs Kelly.

*CONNOR. On the 19th December, at Epworth private hospital, Amelia, beloved wife of Joseph Connor, 18 Wilson street, Moonee Ponds, mother of Olive (Mrs. Rae) and Gordon, loving mother-in-law of May and Walter, dear grandma of Betty,Colin and Gwenda Rae also Jack Connor -Passed peacefully away. (No mourning.)
CONNOR (nee Nash) -On the 19th December at Epworth private hospital, Amelia beloved wife of Mr Joseph Connor of 18 Wilson street Moonee Ponds and loving sister of Mary Ann (Mrs. Furphey, deceased) Thomas, Elizabeth (Mrs. Furphey), Ann (Mrs Gordon), Emma (Mrs. Kelly ), Charlie(deceased),Ellen (Mrs Cooper), and William, in her 65th year. Peace perfect peace.
(P.1, Argus, 21-12-1931.)


The following article was discovered because I was trying to find if there was a link between George Dodd of Keilor and Thomas Coffey of Bulla and had done a DELAHEY, KEILOR search on trove. Despite the protestations of innocence by Melbourne Hunt Club members,it is interesting that I have not found one instance of farmers complaining about damage caused by the Oaklands Hunt Club.

I have deliberately not corrected the digitisation for a reason. As a former teacher who had great success with children who had been underachieving readers, I am sick and tired of politicians who advocate phonics as the prime tool in improving reading standards. I certainly taught phonics but if a child was stuck on a word, sounding it out was the last resort, because reading is primarily about extracting meaning from written text. A child sounding out every second word can't see the wood for the trees! TAKE NOTE SAMANTHA MAIDEN OF THE SUNDAY HERALD SUN, AND CHRISTOPHER PYNE,VICTORIA'S MINISTER OF EDUCATION. You will be able to read the article without much effort at all by using PREDICTION, in other words, guessing a word that makes sense. That is the main reading strategy to develop Mr Pyne! Try sounding out the words that don't make sense and see how far that gets you! That's what it's like for a poor reader! Not fun at all!

A meeting of mombers of the Melbourne Hunt, at which all farmers who considered they had any unsatisfied claims against tho club were invited to be present, was held yesterday at Goyder's Hotel, Bourke-streut, for the purpose of listening to any complaints the farmers had to make, and of considering the best means of reconciling the difficulties that existed between them and tho club.

Mr. J. Madden was in the chair. There wore about twenty mombers of tho club present, but oniy six farmers, the sympathies of the majority of whom were evidently with the club. The Chairman', in explaining the object
for which tho meeting was called, regrette! that the farmers had not accepted the challenge thrown down to them by the club, and attended the meeting. As they had refused it, and declined to attend and make their
claims, he thought they must be considered out of court, and that the club could not bo held responsible any further.

Mr. Basil Gray explained that he had attended a holu-and-corner sort of meeting, held a short time back by some farmers, for the purpose of passing resolutions which would annihilate the Melbourne Hunt Club in particular, and hunting in general, in Victoria ; but, as he learned that those who desired to express views in opposition to that schemo would be prevented from speaking, he soon left. He, however, heard it stated there that the club had wilfully destroyed property and endangered life ; that in no one instance had they offered to compensate the farmers for damage done to their crops ; and that if the latter obtained anything from thom after ap-
plication,, it was trifling in comparison with the injury they had sustained. In his opinion, the faimera assembled at that meeting very badly represented their class ; and that, in consequence, tho club need
take no notice of the resolutions they had adopted. As they had not chosen to attend the present meeting, which had been expressly called to enable them to stato their grievances publicly, he considered they had exonerated the club from taking any notice of them if made privately. He could only recollect ono occasion in which a crop
had been ridden over by the club.The Chairman explained that in the instance alluded to, immediate compensation
had been offered and accepted.

Mr. H. Delahey, of Keilor, remarked that although a farmer himself, he must say ho considered'the claims sent in to the club, in many instances, excessive. Mr. Pyke thought that it would be still advisable to adopt a conciliatory demeanour towards tliB farmers, and endeavour to meot them in a fair spirit. He would, therefore,
move-"That the Hunt Club reglet the unpleasant feeling existing between themselves and the farmers, and aro willing to either repair any damage done by them, or to agree to the appointment of assessois on each side,
and to abide by any decision given by them. Mr. B. Gray agreed with tho terms of the resolution, and suggested that, to save tho aimers all the trouble they could, it would be well to appoint an assessor in each district.

The Chairman observed that several farmers had suggested that instoad of receiving compensation for injury done to their fences, they would, in some districts at least,where wood was scarce, prefer that the club should send round a dray with a few rails, soon after tho hunt, and repair the damage done. To show that tho club was really anxious to meot the farmers, he might explain that two farmers, Messrs. Leslie and Wilson, had sent in claims for injury done to their fences at a recent hunt, and they would be paid, although their charges were not exactly correct. A gentleman at Heidelberg claimed 10 10s. for a terrier dog which the houndB had killed, and though the charge appeared to be high, ho felt sure the club would pay it when they knew that the person whomade it was not one likely to make an unreasonable demand.

Mr. Goyder, in seconding the resolution, reiterated the assertion that the club had no desire, to injure the farmers-----them. He entirely approved of the appointment of assessors, and the only difficulty in carrying the suggestion into eflect would be that of obtaining men who really would tell
them what damage had been done. There must be some check of the sort, or thoy might in somo instances have farmers coming in every Monday morning, claiming compensation for damage they had nevor sustained. Ho believed, however, that the club would rather put up with a little imposition than irritate the farmers by too closely inspecting their claims. Ho wished the whole of the farmers weio as hearty supporters of the hunt as those residing at Dandenong, who not only readily allowed the riders to go overntheir land, but even, when the cap was handedround, put in handsomely, and promised to do so again.

Mr. Waldock, the master of the hounds, remindeei 'the meeting that tho club had already appointed six farmers residing in the various agricultural districts to act as assessors for them. He believed the club had dealt,and were prepared to deal, fairly by thefarmers, and he would promise to give 100 to the Melbourne Hospital out of his own pocket on the day any one pointed out to him a caso in which he had not acted towards a farmer in the spirit a master of the hounds should not. He did not believe the feeling of opposition to the club was as strong as some mado it out to be, because ho know for a fact that some of tho farmers whost names wero attached to a document by Mr Dunn, warning him, as mastor of the hound from coming on their land, had not autborised the uso of their names for any sucl purpose.

Mr. Goyder condemned the oxtrome language used by somo of the farmers at tholi late meeting when referring to tho Hun Club, but consideied that that should no induce the club to assume an antagonistic attitude towards them.

Mr. B. Gray suggested that the resolutioi should bo slightly altered, so as to read tha the club regretted the unpleasant feeling tha "appeared to oxist" between thomselves am the farmers. Ho did so because, in hi
opinion, such a feeling did not exist in th minds of the farmers as a class. Mr. Walduck considered that tho epithet of " Bourkc-8treet loafers," though not applicable to tho nunt Club, might be correctly applied to many of the non-subscribers wh followed the hounds. Ho would like to se the farmers assist the club to prevent thoa
persons joining in tho hunt, for the damag done to the fences was almost entirely occasioned by thom. '

The'resolution, amended according to Mr B. Gray's suggestion, was carried. Mr. Mitchell, of the Model Farm, objecte to the insinuation thrown out by Mr. Goydo that the farmers might on Monday morninf present - claims for damage thoy had nev< sustained. Speoific instancos should bo give in which that had been dono before a general charge was ' made against the farmers as a class.

Mr. Walduck said that, last Monday week three faimcrs, named Mansfield, Cumming and Sharpe, had sent in claims amounting t 13, while, on examination, it was found tin 10 10s. fully covered the damngo thoy hu sustained, .
Mr. Goyder explained that ho never itended by his remarks to make a gonr chargo against the farmers. He morely wishto impress upon the club th necessity of taking some precautions to prevent tin being imposed on.

Mr. Boadle, of Prospect-hill, oxplained til it was his dog tho chairman had alluded to having been killed by the hounds. It h been worried in the presenco of his childrc with whom it had boen playing when t hounds carno up, without ovon an attempt to whip them off. He proceeded to instar several cases in > which considerable darno had been dono to his,and his neighbou property' when the hunt mot last Heidelberg, and especially condemned t manner ,in which,some of the riders h knocked down some panels of the cemetery fence, and grossly'abused one of the trust* when requested to put up tho rails again prevent to cattlo from getting,,in. He stated that the horse of one of tho hunters fell dead undor him, about two Cr three bundi yards from, tho cemetery ,and somo privi houses, and that when some labourers, v were by, offered to bury it for a small
renouration 'the rider, replied that it had alrqi cost him enough.', out that the men mij have the skin for their trouble. The corquenco was that the dead body roman there still, to tho great annoyance of the
neighbourhood. _ . ' >

Mr. Goyder said that it'was his horse that had fallen down dead, but that ho had had no such conversation as that described by Mr. Roadie with any men. He would seo that the horse was buried. Air. Walduck assured Mr. Boadle that every attempt was made to whip the hounels off his little dog : but that they had killed it
before they could hu even reached.

Mr. Boadle believed that if the club would take steps to prevent their hounds being followed by a number of non-subicribers, there were not threo farmers in the district he livetl in who would object to their hunting, so long as they avoided doing damage. Mr. B. Gray said the club were most anxious to do so ; but could Mr. Boadle inform him how they could prevent non-membeis following the hounds? Mr. Boadle replied that ho did not attend tbo meeting for the purposo of offering suggestions to the club.After some further discussion,

Dr. Pattehbon moved, and Mr. Pyke seconded, a vote of thanks to those farmers who had attended the meeting for the purpose of explaining their grievances to the club. The motion was carried, and tho proceedings terminated.
(P.1s, Argus, 6-7-1869.)

I had not realised what Edmund Dunn of "Viewpoint" (Melway 5 K12-D12 roughly)had started with his brave stance, despite reading all the proceedings of DUNN v WALDOCK. The latter's lawyer,Madden,tried to smother the case in points of law by taking it to the Supreme Court.

The Adelaide Hunt Club, in the infancy of career, may learn in time useful lessons from the recent declaration of war between the huntsmen of Melbourne and the farmers over whose land they have hitherto followed the kangaroo, the dingo, or the red herring. The yeomen of Moonee Ponds, Pentridge, and other fertile neighborhoods, profess no hostility to the " fine old English sport" of hunting, but object to the manner in
which it is practised in Victoria. At the first blush it will appear to any ordinary comprehension, that the farmers and gardeners are under no obligation to offer apologies for taking measures to protect their fields and gardens from invasion and injury. As owners of the freehold or leasehold of these lands they have an undoubted right to possess them free from needless molestation, and are unable to understand why a gentleman's ornamental grounds should be protected against the slightest pedestrian intrusion, while the husbandman's land should be exposed to the incursions of troops of horsemen, tearing through hedges, breaking down fences, and trampling under foot whatever happens to lie in their way. They consider they have, or ought to have,the rights of property enjoyed by other classes of the community, and do not see that they would be sacrificing them to a higher object if they submitted to unlimited aggressions simply because the trespassers were gentlemen in search of amusement. They have been told there is the law to appeal to, but(like too many other ill-used citizens) they have found practically that the law is nothing more than a machine for wearing out the poor suitor with expenses and annoyances, and ensuring victory to the litigant with the longest purse. A Mr. Dunn complained of the injury caused to his property by the Melbourne Hunt Club, and finding them unwilling to give him compensation at all commensurate with the damage he had sustained, sued the Master of the Hounds in a Court
of law, and got more kicks than halfpence, the trumpery indemnification he obtained being nothing to set off against the heavy costs and worrying by counsel to which he was subjected. He was treated, in fact, as if he were some criminal, or some greedy extortioner endeavoring to victimise a few pleasant, free-hearted, "jolly dogs," who, in the exuberance of their spirits, had chanced to'gallop across his land. He went into Court an injured man, and came out a still more injured man. His class took this matter up,perceiving that what was Mr. Dunn's case then might any day be the case of any other farmer whose land might be crossed by a flying doe or a Yarmouth bloater. The farmers and gardeners then formed an Association bearing the comprehensive title of the "Fence, Field,and Chattel Preservation League," fixed the annual subscription of members' somewhat in proportion to the extent of their holdings, and decided that any member of the League aggrieved by the huntsmen should come upon the common fund for support and assistance in obtaining redress by legal means. This league having been duly organised, the Nimrods of the chase opened their eyes and became suddenly aware of the fact that though they may occasionally override their bounds, they have not carte blanche to override all country property without fear of consequences. They of course had no prescriptive or any other right to gallop freely over other persons' land, just because they smelt game ahead of them. Hunting is commonly allowed by farmers over their ground because,they do not wish to spoil sport, and sometimes because they join in the past-time themselves, but they infallibly complain if the amusement is followed with a reckless disregard of consequences to property. It therefore comes to this:Huntsmen should first endeavor to do as little mischief as possible; and, secondly, should fully repair and compensate forany damage that is actually done. To destroy a man's property and then harass him with lawyers, is quite sufficient to breed hostility, and the defence, at the
expense of the Melbourne Hunt Club in the case of Dunn v. Waldock, and the manner in which it was conducted, amply warranted the position subsequently assumed by the agriculturists and horticulturists.
There are two classes of persons who turn out on hunting days to whom the farmers specially object. There are theroughs and jockeys, who ride neck-or nothing at and go out of their way to take fences, even if they lead into growing crops. This wanton destructiveness is much to be condemned, and is anything but sportsmanlike, for to say nothing of the old English custom of avoiding crops as much as possible, any true huntsman with a long run before him, will spare his horse as much as he can. But there is another class still more obnoxious,
usually composed of " cockneys " and unskilled or timid riders, who have no pretensions to the title of huntsmen at all, but simply go out in the hope of having fences broken for them through which they may scramble. They seldom if ever see the end of a run, they follow till some obstruction pulls them up, and
then, after trampling and cutting up the corn under the pretence of forcing their horses at the leap, return to boast of their wonderful exploits. A British farmer cannot stomach this sort of thing; he will more easily bear five times the amount of injury from the honest country rider, who fears nothing, than from the mere pretender. Persons who cannot follow hounds in a sportsmanlike manner should be content to see them " throw off," and
then satisfy themselves with a canter home, instead of making themselves ridiculous, and bringing discredit upon the sportsmen they are making feeble efforts to imitate. Conducted properly there is no fear of hunting becoming unpopular with farmers. It is a sport congenial to almost all persons with rural tastes, and with its healthy excitement and ample exercise, forms a pleasant relief, to those who can afford it, from wearying and irksome pursuits. Moreover, there is no question that whereever hunting is common it tends to improve the breed of horses. A racer in these days of light weights and handicaps is frequently good for nothing off the "turf," but most of the finest qualities of a horse must be combined in one that can take a succession of strong post and rail fences, and live through a long run across country. The hunter is the beau ideal of a horse, and if breeders aim at such a standard there need be no fear of deterioration in our hacks. But as a Hunt Club cannot exercise on its own freehold, care should be taken not to injure or annoy those upon whose kind consent the very existence of such a Club must depend. Express and Telegraph.
(P.2,The South Australian Advertiser, 28-6-1869.)

Adam Lindsay Gordon couldn't have put it better!

Here's some information about some of the people involved in the story.
DUNN.Edmund Dunn was a trustee for the Methodist church and despite dodging the toll gate near Viewpoint by exiting his property in different directions according to his destination,he was a peace-loving man like those in the Methodist Nash,Parr and Wright families. However when wrong was triumphing over right, he stood his ground,just like another Methodist leader at Tullamarine,Tommy Loft, about 60 years later, who had the Junction Hotel closed; Cec and Lily Green were later shown a bullet, lodged in an inside door,which had been fired during an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the pub! Edmund had complained not only about his crushed crops,but also about ewes that were so traumatised that they could not drop their lambs.

DELAHEY. I have tried to find what kind of farming the Delaheys were carrying out on their large area of land between Milleara Rd and the river but without success. I suspect that he was a grazier and would have had few crops likely to be trampled.

GOYDER. This was probably Frank Goyder,mentioned by Harry Peck in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN,who later owned part of John Pascoe Fawkner's Belle Vue Park at Pascoe Vale and owned some good racehorses.

MADDEN. Probably the lawyer/supplier of horses to the Indian army, who renamed Hugh Glass's "Flemington" as "Travancore"-which when subdivided was given street names from India, Cashmere being a corruption of Kashmir. Waldock's lawyer; probably Sir John Madden.

PYKE. Squatter on the Upper Werribee run who was granted much land near Ballan. Pyke's Flat seems to be the site of Pyke's Creek reservoir.

WALDOCK. Sam Waldock was a racehorse trainer at Flemington but advertised his establishment and many of his horses for sale early in 1867. (P.2, Argus, 2-1-1867.)

On Saturday last Mr. Waldock, the Flemington trainer, who has undertaken the mastership of the Melbourne hounds, brought them out for the first time this season. At one o'clock the space in front of the Racecourse Hotel, which was the fixture for the occasion was a scene of much bustle and liveliness, being scattered over with carriages, horsemen, and horsewomen, among the latter of whom the Misses Manners Sutton* filled a
conspicuous place, though they only accompanied their brothers as far as the throw-off.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian, Saturday 13 June 1868 p 3 Article.)
*Their father Sir John Manners-Sutton was the governor and soon after became Viscount Canterbury during his tenure, thus accounting for the first two names for BLAIRGOWRIE.

I'm fairly sure that Sam Waldock,who ran the Red House hotel at Northcote in 1866 (RACING AT NORTHCOTE.
The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1870) Monday 22 October 1866 p 2 Article) later owned the Laurel Hotel in Ascot Vale.

MITCHELL. The manager of the model farm was Josiah Mitchell. I suspect that the model farm,about 160 acres,was the northern part of Royal Park.It was definitely near the Royal Park Station where 5 acres of the old model farm was planted with mulberry trees in an attempt to establish a silk industry. Because of the farm, West Brunswick residents had to go four miles instead of one to reach Flemington Rd. The Industrial School (Turana?) was built on one of its paddocks, as was the mental institution which led to the creation of Oak St.

Cause of Rust in Wheat. We have received a pamphlet entitled 'The Cause of Rust in
Wheat,' being a paper read at Ballarat by Mr.Josiah Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne,together with a discussion thereupon. (South Australian Register, Saturday 20 February 1869 p 2 Article.)

ACCIDENT TO A VALUABLE HORSE.-A valuable mare, the property of Mr Mitchell, of the Model Farm, Melbourne, met with a frightful death on Saturday last, by jumping a low picket fence dividing the farmyard from an enclosure near the house. The leap, it would appear, was taken to avoid the attack of another mare, and in going over the low fence one of the sharp pointed pickets ripped open the belly of the animal; the bowels fell out on the spot, and the mare, after staggering for a few yards, dropped dead. Farmers will do well to avoid placing low " model fences " with sharp pointed pickets around their farmyards. (P.2,Bendigo Advertiser, 15-7-1869.)

MANSFIELD. The farm where damage was caused could have been on 16 Doutta Galla near the south west corner of the present Essendon Aerodrome, 22C Doutta Galla near the site of Westfield Airport Shoppingtown, Mansfield's Triangle, between Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd (all Sam Mansfield),the 80 acre site of the Melbourne Airport terminal building (John Mansfield) or along Mansfields Rd near the historic Roseleigh homestead (David Mansfield.)

SHARP. This was James Sharp who had bought part of Foster's "Springs" (21 Doutta Galla)in about 1867. Sharps Rd,the boundary between the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine was named after James Sharp.

If only the Melbourne hunt had taken the advice of Mr Browne in 1866. He was on Camp Hill, of which Mansfield's Triangle had been a part before being sold off by Eyre Evans Kenny. He had a little girl named Pattie who later married Alfred Deakin. She remembered the injured deer in her later life. ("One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows,the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat
them." WOMEN WHO HAVE HELPED TO BUILD AUSTRALIA No. 3 of Series: Pattie Deakin
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated.

Sir,-Will you kindly, through the columns of your paper, allow me to suggest to the members of the Melbourne Hunt, and to the master of the hounds in particular, the propriety of choosing localities where there is
little cultivated land as the places for holding their " meets ?"
Last Saturday, had not tho stag unfortunately broken his leg as he was going down a steep hill on my property, he would have run through my crops, and those of the neighbouring farmers, followed by about a couple of hundred horsemen, which, as the crops are now up a good height, would have done considerable damage. As it was, a number of the horsemen, and one or two parties in conveyances, in coming to and returning from where the lame stag stood,instead of keeping on the farm-yard road, up which the stag had run, rode and drove over the ploughed land, lately sown with expensive grate-seeds, for about a quarter of a mile alongside of this road, because it was a little rough.
I should be the last person to say a word to discourage hunting, even if it were in my power to do so; and I would not have troubled you with this communication were there not many localities round Melbourne where there is little or no cultivation equally as suitable for the hounds to meet as the agricultural districts of Moonee Ponds and Broadmeadows. I feel sure the suggestion I have made will be endorsed by most, if not all, of the farmers in the neighbourhood, and considered reasonable by even the members of the hunt themselves.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, AN OLD SPORTSMAN. Camp-hill, July 17. ((P.5, Argus, 19-7-1866.)

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John Kerr built a fine mansion called Kerrsland at the north end of the Glenroy Estate on Pasture Hill,which with Bayview Farm to the south,he had bought from the Donald Kennedy Estate in 1874. Kerr was one of many Scots who built fine homes in Melbourne's north west (such as Alex McCracken's North Park and Theodore Napier's son-in -law
George Page Barbour's Rosebank, both in Woodland St, Essendon) that have been preserved, ironically, by the Catholic Church. Kerrsland became the Broadmeadows Foundling Home for many years, Geohegan College,and then Therry College, named after Melbourne's pioneering R.C. clergy. It is now Penola College, honouring the start of a lifetime of service of Australia's first saint.

The following information was found because of a farm named Glenalin Farm,part of the Glenroy Estate,recently occupied by George Gordon Cameron, that was advertised for lease in 1860 by Donald Kennedy. It was too important to hide in my FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS journal. I have suspected for many years that the Camerons and Kennedys were related. I suspected that Glenalin was later farmed by John Cochrane and sold in 1874 as Glenroy farm (south of Bayview Farm to Rhodes Pde.) P. 78, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.

Do you remember your British history re the Elizabeth/Mary and Church of England/Roman Catholic vendettas,and the Scots enlisting the aid of the Catholic French in their bid for independence? That not all Scots were Presbyterians came clearly to mind when I read the following. As a whole ship load of Camerons arrived in early days, I have been hesitant to assume a link between the Camerons of the Glenroy Estate, Ruthven (Crown allotment 10B, Will Will Rook and granted to Angus and George Gordon Cameron,roughly bounded by the end of Kerang Crt on the south,the railway,the Phillip St/Koroit Ave midline and the Northcorp Industry Park) and John Cameron's Stony Fields (Roxburgh Park) in the parish of Yuroke. Now I suspect that there is a link.

More of that later. Here's the information about the Camerons and the future saint.

Cameron, Alexander (18101881)

by Peter Rymill

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, (MUP), 2005

Alexander Cameron (1810-1881), overlander and pastoralist, was born on 18 August 1810 at Lochaber, Inverness-shire, Scotland, fourth of nine children of John Cameron, sawmiller, and his wife Margaret, ne Fraser. Alexander attended school at Inverroy, near Ben Nevis, and worked as a shepherd before obtaining an assisted passage in the Boyne to Sydney. The healthy, literate, six feet (183 cm) tall, Highland Catholic stepped ashore on 2 January 1839 with 101 other enterprising Camerons. He immediately embarked on an epic, clan trek organized by his unclesdroving sheep to Port Phillip, following the wheel-ruts of (Sir) Thomas Mitchell's wagons three years earlier. One uncle Duncan Cameron (1800-1860) settled on the Glenroy run, now a Melbourne suburb, while another, Alexander 'Black Sandy' Cameron (1791-1858), advanced into Australia Felix to pioneer Mount Sturgeon Plains, near Dunkeld.

On 27 June 1843 Cameron married Margaret MacKillop in St Francis's Catholic Church, Melbourne. They were to have ten children. He continued to overland his sheep westwards to new pastures in South Australia where he was the first to apply, on 19 December 1845, for the forty-eight square-mile (18.53-km) occupation licence surrounding the future site of Penola. This frontier venture, subsequently in partnership with his uncle 'Black Sandy', prospered, as did a lucrative sidelineshipping remounts to the Indian cavalry, prepared by a local horsebreaker and poet Adam Lindsay Gordon who 'received the greatest kindness' from Cameron while recovering from a violent kick to the groin.

Having built the original Royal Oak Hotel by 1848, Cameron encouraged his station tradesmen to establish their own businesses by purchasing eighty acres (32 ha) freehold on 4 April 1850, which he subdivided to found the private township of Penola. In 1852 he initiated the Penola races, renowned for their Highland balls, and would drive through the township to the racecourse, once 'with a piper in full blast and ribbons flying' to the great astonishment and excitement of his nostalgic kinsmen. Full-bearded, handsome and commanding in stature, but with a curiously falsetto voice and a strong Highland accent, he was remembered as 'a sterling fellow . . . like the Highland chief both in person and hospitality'.

The Camerons' 18-year-old niece Mary MacKillop joined the growing family as governess in 1860. In 1863 Cameron's wife Margaret died, as did his eldest daughter in childbirth. Selling Penola station next year, he expanded his pastoral holdings on Mount Sturgeon Plains, in Victoria, and at Avoca Forest, near St Arnaud. On 14 February 1867 at Duck Ponds, Geelong, with Catholic rites, he married 23-year-old Ellen Keogh; they lived in Melbourne at Moreland Hall, Coburg. Cameron died there on 2 September 1881 and was buried in Melbourne general cemetery. His wife, their three daughters and four of their five sons, and one son and five daughters of his first marriage survived him. He left a net estate of 72,000 that included over 22,000 freehold acres (9000 ha) and 53,000 sheep. Known to his contemporaries as 'King' Cameron, he has been commemorated as the founder of Penola by a life-sized bronze statue by John Dowie, erected by public subscription in the main street beside his Royal Oak Hotel.

Select Bibliography
Pastoral Pioneers of South Australia, vol 1 (Adel, 1925)
V. Feehan, Alexander Cameron--King of Penola--A Biographical Sketch (Melb, 1980)
P. Rymill, The Founders (Penola, SA, 1995)
W. Milne, Notes of a Journey from Adelaide to the South Eastern District of SA, January 1863 (manuscript, State Library of South Australia).

History of Glenroy - Moreland City Council, Victoria, Australia Home About Moreland Local history&#8206;
Scottish settlers, Angus, Donald, Duncan and George Gordon Cameron rented land from Hughes and Hosking. The Camerons called their farm the 'Glenroy ...
Glenroy Run Farm
Glenroy was in the Will Will Rook parish. Eleven out of fifteen portions of Will Will Rook land were sold at auction in September 1838. The biggest buyers of land were John Hughes and John Hosking who bought 5000 acres. Scottish settlers, Angus, Donald, Duncan and George Gordon Cameron rented land from Hughes and Hosking. The Camerons called their farm the 'Glenroy Run'. Glenroy was named after a narrow glen (valley) in Invernesshire in Scotland. The Camerons leased the land until the 1850s.

Show corrections - NLA Australian Newspapers - corrections;
MOONEE PONDS -Mr George Gordon Cameron Glenroy, Mr John Cameron, Deep Creek, Mr Donald Cameron Stony Field COLIBAN -Mr John Cameron. (N.B. Moonee Ponds was short for Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds and meant anywhere near the creek,which was the western boundary of the Glenroy Run. John Cameron was on Warlaby as revealed by a notice published by Robert McDougall ( see comment of 30-11-2013 re BULLA ROAD BOARD under my journal, DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA.)

12 Sep 1882 - Family Notices - Trove;
CAMERON -On the 9th inst, at Ruthvenfield, near Campbellfield, John Cameron, eldest son of the late Donald Cameron, of Ruthvenfield, aged 43 years.

Roxburgh Park Homestead - Mantello Holden;

Thanks to Yvonne Kernan and her family for the documents relating to the sale of Roxburgh Park in 1949

In a "Heritage Study of the Former Shire of Bulla District, 1998' Roxburgh Park was described as 'of regional historical and architectural significance' first house constructed early c.1850's and second house constructed 1895.

The first owner was Donald Cameron a Scot and he named the property 'Ruthvenfield'*, again reflecting its Scottish origins as Ruthvenfield is a village, in the parish of Tibbermore, county of Perth, Scotland and the bluestone and granite house built sometime after 1848. In the 1949 sale for the property it is stated 'A Granite Quarry of Monumental & Building Stone of excellent quality, a valuable asset is situate on the Southern Boundary' this is possibly where the materials for the original bluestone and granite dwelling house were extracted from.

(*Donald was assessed on "Stony Field" in the Broadmeadows rate book of 1863! I assume that John* Cameron,who later farmed the property changed the unflattering name. *John Cameron received the grant for crown allotment 2 of section 6, Yuroke of almost 40 acres east of Stony Field,bounded on the south east by Cliffords Rd on the south east-i.e. David Munroe Drive- and roughly Thomas Brunton Drive on the north west. The Pascoe Vale/Somerton Rd roundabout was the south west end of Cliffords Rd and the south east corner of Stony Fields.

In 1882 the dwelling was then described as 4 rooms built with stone walls and partitions of brick with a slate roof and timber cottages used for bedrooms along with various outbuildings and various family members seem to have been running the property after Cameron died.

Thomas Brunton a flour miller purchased the property in 1895. It was not long before plans were made to build a red brick house on the property and said to be the present building on the site. Brunton is attributed to being the person who named Roxburgh Park after his birthplace in Roxburgh, Scotland. It was again described in the 1949 sale as 'of brick' and built on an elevated position'. Brunton bred cattle, horses and Shropshire sheep on the property 'originally established by the late Hon. Thom Brunton, MLC as a country home and Stropshire Stud Farm'.

Sue O'Neill and Angela Evans did a great job of recording gravestone inscriptions at the Will Will Rook Cemetery.
R4 G5
(* This would most likely be Isabella's second given name and an indication of her mother's maiden name as seen in so many family naming patterns. Perhaps that was the Cameron/Kennedy family link.)This would be the family that owned 10B Will Will Rook.

R9 G1
TO THE MEMORY / OF / DONALD CAMERON / BORN AT EUROKE / MARCH 1855 / DIED JUNE 3RD 1861 / ALSO HIS MOTHER / SARAH CAMERON / WHO DIED / FEBRUARY 1862. This means Stony Field.Possibly John's younger brother.

R10 G5

TO LET, GLENALIN FARM, Moonee Ponds,Broadmeadows, portion of the Glenroy Estate,lately occupied by Mr. George Cameron. The farm contains about 593 acres, fenced in, and subdivided into paddocks, whereof about 300 acres have been under cultivation. There is a substantial dwelling house on the farm, with dairy, stable, and other farm offices attached, all in good repair. Entrance may be had immediately. Apply to J. S. Ogilvy, 65 Queen
street; or to the Hon. Donald Kennedy, of Dundonald, near Broadmeadows. (P.8,Argus, 6-10-1860.)

Where was Glenalin Farm?
The most obvious choice because of the specified 593 acres would be section 10 of the parish of Will Will Rook. This consisted of 10B, Ruthven (403 acres), 10A,between Ruthven and Camp Rd,granted to Alexander Gibb of Meadowbank (142a 2 r. 3 p.) and 10C, north of the Will Will Rook cemetery, granted to Neil Campbell (42 acres.)

This might have been the pre-emptive right of the Glenroy Run,the homestead block. As long as the rent was paid to the government on time each year,nobody else could buy it. The total acreage above is 588 acres, only 5 acres short.

The land for the Will Will Rook Cemetery (10 acres)was supposed to have been donated in the 1850's by Neil Campbell who received the grants for the 40 acres to the north and most of Campbellfield to the east. Perhaps the trustees leased the northern,unused half to the Camerons for grazing to keep the grass down.This would have been exactly 593 acres.

Glenroy Farm consisted of lot 4 (388 acres 3 roods 35 perches) and lot 5 (210a. 1 r. 25p.)east of the railway line. (P.78 B.A.F.H.) It was between Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and roughly Hilton St and included the Northern Golf Course site,where it adjoined Fawkner's Box Forest Co-Op. land. This is close to the required acreage but the western boundary, the railway, was not built until 1872.

A third possibility for the location of Glenalin Farm is also part of the Hughes and Hosking grants bought by the Kennedy's over a decade earlier. Donald had partitioned the land in 1857,presumably when Pascoe Vale was properly made to Somerton Rd to link with the new road to Sydney,Duncan getting the land east of this road to the creek, about a third of the land.

As mentioned before, lot 4 in the 1874 subdivision of the Glenroy Estate,the part of Glenroy farm containing the buildings,consisted of 388a. 3r. 35p. I have seen no mention of Duncan farming his land, so there is no reason why,despite roadside fences,Glenalin farm could not have straddled Pascoe Vale Rd with the 300 acres of cultivation on Glenroy Farm and grazing on 205 acres between the road and the creek on Duncan's land.

Lot 4 of the subdivision was the northern half of section 1, Will Will Rook, which consisted of 1174 acres.
Lots 4 and 5 totalled about 599 acres, so that means that there were 575 acres between the railway line and the creek or about 503 acres between the road and the creek. Because of the route of the road and the course of the creek south of Fran St,it is likely that Duncan's land west of lot 4 would consist of about 200 acres, and west of lot 5 about 300 acres. Lot 4 extended onto Duncan's land would total about 589 acres and lot 5 about 510 acres.

If the former was Glenalin Farm, its southern boundary is indicated by the Pascoe Vale Rd/Barwon St corner and the northern by Muntz Ave (named after an early Broady Shire engineer), and Hilton St.

Extract from:Mary MacKillop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia;
Mary Helen MacKillop RSJ, also known as St Mary of the Cross MacKillop, was an Australian of Scottish descent who has been declared a saint by the Catholic ...
&#8206;Early life and ministry - &#8206;Founding of school and ...

MacKillop started work at the age of 14 as a clerk in a stationery store in Melbourne.[8] To provide for her needy family, in 1860 she took a job as governess[12] at the estate of her aunt and uncle, Alexander and Margaret Cameron in Penola, South Australia where she was to look after their children and teach them.[8] Already set on helping the poor whenever possible, she included the other farm children on the Cameron estate as well. This brought her into contact with Fr Woods, who had been the parish priest in the south east since his ordination to the priesthood in 1857 after completing his studies at Sevenhill.
MacKillop stayed for two years with the Camerons before accepting a job teaching the children of Portland, Victoria in 1862. Later she taught at the Portland school and after opening her own boarding school, Bay View House Seminary for Young Ladies, now Bayview College, in 1864,[13] was joined by the rest of her family.

Founding of school and religious congregation.
Fr Woods had been very concerned about the lack of education and particularly Catholic education in South Australia. In 1866, he invited MacKillop and her sisters Annie and Lexie to come to Penola and to open a Catholic school.[8] Woods was appointed director of education and became the founder, along with MacKillop, of a school they opened in a stable there. After renovations by their brother, the MacKillops started teaching more than 50 children.[14][15] At this time MacKillop made a declaration of her dedication to God and began wearing black.[16]
On 21 November 1866, the feast day of the Presentation of Mary, several other women joined MacKillop and her sisters. MacKillop adopted the religious name of Sister Mary of the Cross and she and Lexie began wearing simple religious habits. The small group began to call themselves the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart[8] and moved to a new house in Grote Street, Adelaide. There they founded a new school at the request of the bishop, Laurence Bonaventure Sheil OFM.[12] Dedicated to the education of the children of the poor, it was the first religious institute to be founded by an Australian.

2 comment(s), latest 1 month ago

SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST. and Broadmeadows Township pioneers.

See my journal THE DUNDONALD ESTATE NEAR BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP whose farms will not be discussed here. My aim in this journal is to specify the location of each farm (Melway and crown allotment details) and to present a chronology of each using advertisements and articles from trove.

As I must concentrate on my Bulla Dictionary History,items will be added here only as I stumble across them. Farms will be dealt with in alphabetical rather than geographical order so I will list the names geographically so the location of farms in relation to neighbouring farms can be seen. (*=Dundonald Estate.)

EAST. JUNCTION HOTEL/GREEN'S CORNER, Broombank, LADY OF THE LAKE HOTEL, (Hamilton Terrace, Sunnyside, Fairview, Glendewar (shire of Bulla)- see the Camiestown Estate journal.)
WEST-Shire of Keilor to Grants Lane,then shire of Bulla.

WEST. Junction Estate, Strathconan,Spring Burn,Chandos Park, CREEK, Kia Ora* (fronting Ardlie St), Dundonald* SWAIN ST, Machell's subdivision, SOMERTON RD, Greenan, Kentucky?
EAST. Viewpoint,Stewarton/Gladstone, TOWNSHIP, Willowbank* (fronting Ardlie St),Springbank*, Bob Jefferies',
Dunvegan,SOMERTON RD, Springfield south and north (Brocklands), Dunhelen.

Pipeline north of Elizabeth St,Westmeadows.-Wattle Glen* (Grove?),Annette Farm* and Glen Allan east to Pascoe Vale Rd.

NORTH. Sherwood, H.Q. of Oaklands Hunt Club, (shire of Bulla), Ballater Park,Greenvale,Greenan,MICKLEHAM RD, Springfield,Glenarthur, Waltham etc, Stony Fields/Roxburgh Park, Somerton settlement.
SOUTH. Woodlands (shire of Bulla),Timber Reserve,SECTION RD., Machell's subdivision,MICKLEHAM RD., Dunvegan,Fairview,Brook Hill..,PASCOE VALE RD,..JOHN WATT'S Oakfield Farm.

Hoctor's ROCKLAW- location to be determined.

By googling TOWNSHIP OF BROADMEADOWS, several maps of the township can be found. The township was on what was probably the most popular early roads to Sydney because the direct route was too boggy between Campbellfield and Somerton. Having reached the Broadmeadows Hotel, travellers would climb the Ardlie St hill to where it joins Mickleham Rd today. Past Donnybrook Lane,the latter road is still called Old Sydney Road.The township was very busy during the rush to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote.Eventually the township (and the hill climb) was bypassed when the road past the Young Queen Inn (Pascoe Vale Rd) was made to link with the new road at Somerton.

There was no bridge in the township so a meeting was held at George and Angus Cameron's Ruthven (Melaway 6 K6) in October 1851 to obtain one. P. 35 BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. 'A more desirable object could not be entered upon,since the inhabitants of [the Tullamarine side of the creek]are obliged to go a distance of nine miles to the Campbellfield mills*,Pentridge &c.;but by such a bridge as is projected,the route will only be three miles.' (*Barber and Lowe's mill at Melway 7 J10,recently the pipeworks market.)

I had always assumed that the bridge would have been at the bottom of Fawkner St,where the historic stone bridge still stands. The 1854 timber bridge actually connected the two parts of Ardlie St and ran south to north across the creek from Tylden Place. The map bears out the evidence given by one of the participants in the 1857 feud between the two policemen that Peter Mitchell was one of the biggest landowners in the town. Many of the original purchasers such as E.DeCarle and William Dixon Scurfield were speculators. De Carle,a Coburg resident if I remember Richard Broome's BETWEEN TWO CREEKS correctly,and Scurfield both bought land at Dromana,the latter building the first hotel there in 1857;it was run by Richard Watkin who established the Dromana Hotel in 1862. The map shows blocks purchased by some of the pioneers mentioned below.

Many township street names honour pioneer farmers in the area such as Niel Black, grantee of the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park, Ardlie (subject of one of my journals, mis-spelt on the map), grantee of part of Edmond Dunn's Viewpoint so ill-used by the Melbourne Hunt in 1869 (my recent journal)and EyreEvans Kenny of Camp Hill (now Gowanbrae.)

ANDERSON -On the 25th July at her residence, Broadmeadows, Johannna Agnes, the dearly beloved wife of John Anderson, baker, aged 41 years.(P.1,Argus,27-7-1908.)

MILLARANDERSON.On the 24th April, at Broadmeadows Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. D. A. Mackenzie, Alexander W., only son of Mrs. Millar and the late Mr. Robert Millar, of Ballater Park, Greenvale, to Mary, second
daughter of Mr. John Anderson and the late Mrs.Anderson, of Bridge Bakery, Broadmeadows. (P.13,Argus,5-6-1920.)

John Anderson was born at Keilor in 1862 of Scottish parents. (P.S.2014. It is possible that he was the son of William Anderson, an early Keilor blacksmith killed at the toll gate near the Keilor bridge, and brother of James Anderson, a farmer and racehorse owner of Keilor Shire, who is discussed in some detail in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT.However, as John's parents were from Inverness and James had been born in Fifeshire,it would seem to be a remote possibility.)

Taught the baking art by Mr O'Mara* of Coburg,he went into baking on his own account (P.S.sometime after the 1880 assessment)in a rented bakery at Broadmeadows (township.)He was married about two years ago to Miss O'Meara* of Heathcote and had one child. (Victoria and its Metropolis,1888.)
(*Both surnames could be the same. Perhaps his tutor moved from Coburg to Heathcote.)

See the BETHELL entry in my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA about the three Bethell brothers, William of Bulla, and John and Edmond (who died young)of Broadmeadows Township. Andrew Lemon gives considerable detail about John in his history.

Moonee Ponds certainly did not mean the present suburb and was a reference to proximity to the Moonee Moonee chain of Ponds, which I would take to mean "Dunhelen". Mrs Brodie was probably sick and tired of having ewes as her only female companions!
MRS. BRODIE, late at Moonee Ponds, begs to inform the Settlers and others, thatshe has opened a Store at Broadmeadows with a complete Stock of Grocery, Drapery, Ironmongery and general Stores, all of which she intends offering at Melbourne prices.(P.1, Argus,8-11-1851.)
It is of interest that two Brodie lads were working as ploughmen for Maconochie on "Stewarton" (immediately south of the township) at about this time and Richard Brodie of Emu Creek (Katesville or Helenville) seemed to be selling at least one 20 acre farm on Dunhelen. The Broadmeadows Hotel and two stores had been advertised for sale in December, 1858, possibly by John Bethell who was visiting England.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 17 June 1859 p 4 Family Notices
...nst., at his residence, Victoria Hotel, Broadmeadows, Mr. John Bryan, aged 55 years.
The Victoria Hotel, just a bit further up Ardlie St from the Broadmeadows Hotel, separated from it by George Couser's store/post office, was then run by Jane Bryan and burnt down in 1879.

John Bryan's unsuccessful application for a licence for a (licensed)house shows that wattle bark stripping may have provided an early income for township residents. Tanners from Flemington bridge must have been regularly in the township given John's choice of name.
Abraham Bateman applied for a license for a house at Flemington, to be called the Bridge Inn. The application was refused. Wllliam Brewer, for a house at Prahran, to be called the Prahran Inn. Granted.
John Bryam (sic), for a house at Broadmeadows, to be called the Tanners' Home. Refused.(P.5,Argus, 7-9-1853.)

On page 5 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon stated that (in 1857)one of the squabbling policemen had sold a horse to Mr Cain,another of the butchers of Broadmeadows (Township.) Andrew wrote his history to make a living; I write mine to help family historians!

An election notice of 1856 lists the supporters of Robert Bennett for the seat of East Bourke. In the division of Pentridge,William Cain is listed along with such as Enoch Reynolds, Thomas Chadwick, Alexander Gibb (Meadowbank), Peter Mitchell, Samuel House (sic,Howse), and William Chapman (Rev.?)who lived in or near the township.

This is confirmation.
STRAYED into my Paddock, on 24th Ootober, One Black HORSE, branded GW near shoulder, lame on the fore foot. The owner can have him by paying expenses. William Cain. Broadmeadows, 10 Nov.,1857. (P.8, Argus,14-11-1857.)

FARM, on Glenroy Estate, Broadmeadows, to be LET, for 3 years from 1st April next. The farm, which is at present under lease to Mr. William Cain, consists of 564 acres (more or less), partly under cultivation.
(P.8,Argus, 26-2-1859.)

CARGILL-On the 20th July, at Broadmeadows Mary, relict of the late David Cargill, and loving mother of Robert, Lizzie (Mrs Corrigan), John (deceased), and Jean (Mrs. Killingsworth,deceased), aged 92 years (Private interment.) (P.13, Argus, 23-7-1927.)
Cargill and Butler were the town's first butchers and raised much complaint when the creek they did taint. Bob Cargill's son was accidentally killed by young Graco whose family moved to the present Brimbank Park. The Cargills were buried at Bulla. The Corrigans were in the area by 1868.

William Chadwick was an early licencee of the Broadmeadows Hotel in Broadmeadows Township and after some years
took over Peter Pitches' hotel at Essendon and ran it for some time as the FARMERS' ARMS HOTEL. This hotel still stands at the south west corner of Mount Alexander Rd and Buckley St in Essendon, just north of Pitches St. To find the following obituary, I did a search for "william chadwick, benalla, obituary", a strategy that would not have occurred to me if I had not written a history of Ardmillan Road, Moonee Ponds, and met former Essendon Mayor, Dorothy Fullarton, who offered a loan of two histories of the Benalla area which gave much information about the Chadwick family. There was even a photo of the family at the Broadmeadows army camp during W.W.1.

Another old resident, in the person of Mrs Amelia, relict of the late William Chadwick, who for many years owned and conducted the Farmers' Arms Hotel, has just made her exit from the stage of life, her death taking place on Friday evening last.The cause of death was paralysis, from which the deceased, who resided with her niece (Mrs Murray), had suffered for some time past.

The late Mrs Chadwick, who had attained the age of 76 years, was a native of Suffolkshire, England. She arrived in Victoria in 1852 and in the following year became the wife of her late husband, who died about 6 years ago, at Broadmeadows. After a short career in the butchering business, the newly married couple went into hotel keeping in the same locality and then removed to Essendon, where they conducted the Royal Mail Hotel(probably Peter Pitches' name for the hotel) till 1877. In that year they bought the Farmers' Arms Hotel (built it according to the history), Benalla, which they ran during the greater part of their life afterwards, winning the goodwill and esteem of all who had occasion to have business, or social intercourse with them. Six years ago they retired from business altogether.

The late Mrs Chadwick was the mother of a family of three, two of whom survive her - viz., Messrs Martin
Chadwick, one of the most prosperous and largest hearted landholders of Lake Rowan, and W. Chadwick, another esteemed and well-to-do man, who resides at St. James. The deceased lady herself was one of the most generous and popular women who ever resided in our midst - a most magnificent type of that open - hearted Englishwoman
we used to meet in the days of boyhood- one of those woman, indeed, whose humanity and humility shone lustrously throughout her life, who knew no such thing as sect or creed where the cause of Charity was concerned, and whose practical sympathy was the admiration of all who were acquainted with it. Without exaggeration it might he said that a more estimable or a more esteemed, woman has never, perhaps, resided in our midst, a fact which was simply borne out by the large number of people, old inhabitants, in particular, who followed her remains to the grave. The obsequies at the interment were presided over by the Rev. A. C.M'Connan, of the Presbyterian Church, Mr.T. Hanlon carrying out the funeral arrangements.
(P. 3, The North Eastern Ensign,7-8-1908.)

It's hardly worthwhile for any Couser descendants to borrow BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY so I'll give Andrew Lemon's words verbatim. P.63.(1857-1882) "and George Couser had long since replaced Peter Mitchell as the general storekeeper." P.114-5.(1907-1916.) "Broaddmeadows town seemed to take its pace from old George Couser who continued to run his post office store in its little wooden building next to the Broadmeadows Hotel, as he had done since the late* 1860's. He was 83 when he died,still postmaster,in January 1912."
*As shown below,George was living in the township in 1865 or probably a year earlier, as he'd have to earn a reputation before being appointed as a registrar. George also served as a registrar of births and deaths, and auditor for the shire of Broadmeadows.

I Hereby notify that GENERAL LISTS for the Broadmeadows Division of East Bourke District and South Province are PRINTED, and ready for INSPECTION at my office up to the 18th October,1865. Geo. Couser, Electoral Registrar, Broadmeadows.

A man named George Mansfield has been arrested by the detective police on the charge of stealing a quantity of wearing-apparel, to the value of about 12, from Mr. George Couser, of Broadmeadows, on the 7th inst.He was lodged in the lock-up, and will be brought before the City Court to-day. (P.4,Argus,10-2-1868.)

COUSER.On the 28th February, at Melbourne Hospital, Mary Jane, beloved wife of George Couser, Broadmeadows, aged 69 years, 11 months. (P.9, Argus, 2-3-1910.)

COUSER. On the 29th January, at his residence,Broadmeadows, George Couser (postmaster), aged 83 years.
At rest. (P.1, Argus,30-1-1912.)

On a Will Will Rook cemetery website, George Couser's surname is wrongly given as Cowser. This website was not compiled by the Friends of W.W.R. Cemetery.

WRIGHT-COUSER. -[Silver Wedding.] - On the 21st October, 1896, at "Bay View," Tullamarine, by the Rev. Henry Robinson, Edgar Allan, fifth son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright, to Lucy Ellen, daughter of the late George and Mary Couser. (Present address "Lealholme," Broadmeadows.)(P.1, Argus, 21-10-1921.)

Well I'll be! Edgar (Ted) Wright was Broadmeadows Township's wheelwright,operating on the east corner of Black St (now Coopers Hill Drive.) He had been apprenticed to his older brother,Fred,a blacksmith at Tullamarine (at the bottom left corner of 5 E7) before establishing his own business in John Kingshott's former blacksmith premises. The Parr, Wright and Nash families were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist Church,the last two owning adjoining properties (Sunnyside and Fairview which are the subject of this archeological survey:
[PDF]rchaeology t TARDIS - Hume City Council). Charles Nash also owned Bay View, nearer to Tullamarine Junction, which would have been handier for the guests from the township. This farm was much of today's Trade Park Industrial Estate. It is probable that George Couser was not a Methodist, otherwise they would have been married in the Tullamarine Methodist Church,on a block between the present Trade Park Drive and Post Office Lane (the northern boundary of Trade Park) which Charles Nash had sold to the church for a trifle.

This makes George Couser part of my family tree!
WRIGHTCOCK. On the 11th June, 1913, at Christ Church Essendon by the Rev Whitton, Thomas Henry, son of the late Wallis and Mary Wright late of Tullamarine to Catherine Eliza daughter of the late John and Elizabeth Cock late of Gladstone Broadmeadows (Present address, View Point Tullamarine.) (P.8, Argus, 11-6-1930.)

DARMODY.The Darmody family lived in the Broadmeadows district rather than the township but as I won't be starting a BROADMEADOWS DICTIONARY HISTORY until I finish the BULLA one (a few years!)I'd better give them a mention here. They were resident in the area by the 1860's and until at least the 1950's. See ROCKLAW.

DRAIN.-The Friends of the late Mrs. ELIZA DRAIN are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the place of interment, in the Campbellfield* Cemetery.The funeral will leave her late residence, Broadmeadows, THIS DAY (Saturday, 31st inst.), at 3 o'clock p.m. (P.13, Argus,31-10-1908.) *Probably Will Will Rook Cemetery.

DUNCAN (nee Drain).-On the 4th August, 1930, Ann, the dearly beloved wife of Robert Duncan,of Kalgoorlie. W.A., and loving daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Drain, of Broadmeadows,and loved sister of John (deceased), Mary Jane(Mrs. T. Jackson), Lizzie (Mr.T. Halstead, deceased), Maggie (Mrs R.F.Anderson), Maria(Mrs. J. Thorne, deceased). Matilda (deceased),Bella (Mrs J. Jones), and Alice (Mrs. W. H.Cock). -Resting. (W.A. papers please copy.) (P.13, Argus,16-9-1930.)

I can hear you thinking, "Hardly pioneers!" On the above evidence from Trove alone,that would seem a reasonable comment. A quarter of a century ago,I spent so much time at the Broadmeadows Town Hall transcribing rates that some of the council staff actually thought I worked there. And one of the memories that remains after all this time is how much land the Drains owned in the township. I presume that much of it would have been at the eastern end of the township where there were 2 and 4 acre blocks. In those days, a reasonable house on a quarter acre block would have a nett annual value of 5 pounds. Broadmeadows Township had become a sleepy hollow and land values had dropped so much that many house blocks would probably have a nett annual value of only about two pounds.

Here's a question. How do you make three hours of transcription go down the DRAIN in a fraction of a second?
Easy. Highlight it to copy it and instead of right clicking to copy, clicking backspace.
Members of the Drain family, resident in Broadmeadows Township by 1863, were buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery from 1867. The Andersons lived across today's Melrose Drive from the Springbank St corner, Robert Foster Anderson (born of Irish parents at Fitzroy in 1859 and moving to Tullamarine when he was 5) having a 52 acre farm in 1888. This later became 41 acres and was farmed by Alf Hownslow who called it "Sinleigh", Robert, and Maggie Drain of Broadmeadows whom he'd married in 1881, having moved by 1920 to Glenarthur (which is now covered by the western half of the Greenvale reservoir.) They must have moved further north towards Craigieburn later.

John and Bertram Anderson,brothers who took over Alf Hounslow's 41 acre farm at Tullamarine in about 1940 might have been Robert and Maggie's sons. If any descendants would like the lost information,private message me.By the way,we are related because William Henry Cock who married Alice Sarah Drain in 1910 was my grandfather!

ANDERSON. On the 23rd September 1934 at private hospital, Margaret, beloved wife of Robert Foster Anderson (late of Craigieburn)and dearly loved mother of Arthur, Florence (Mrs. F. D. Ewert) Annabella (Mrs. W. D.
Mann), William, Hector, Margaret ( Mrs D S Aitken) and Thomas aged 71 years. (P.1, Argus,24-9-1934.)

ANDERSON -On the 6th May at his daughter's residence 17 Kent street Flemington,Robert Foster Anderson, relict oi the late Margaret and loving father of Arthur, Florence(Mrs F E Ewert) Annabella (Mrs W D Mann) William (deceased) Hector, Margaret(Mrs D S Aitken) and Thomas, aged 80 years -At rest (P.8,Argus,8-5-1939.)

AITKEN. On September 15, at private hospital,Margaret Maria, youngest daughter of the late Robert Foster and Margaret Anderson (late of Craigieburn), dearly loved sister of Arthur, Florence(Mrs. Ewert), Annabelle (Mrs. Mann), William (deceased), Hector, and Thomas. Dearly loved and deeply mourned.(P.4,Argus,16-9-1940.)

While trying to pinpoint the location of "Rocklaw" with a DARMODY,BROADMEADOWS search on trove,I came across evidence that the Drain family was in (or near) the township by 1868. One of the family gave evidence in the Edmund Dunn v Samuel Waldock case re damage to sheep and crops on Dunn's Viewpoint.

Joseph Draine, examined by Mr.HIGGINBOTHAM.-I am a contractor, and have land at Broadmeadows. I know Mr. Dunn's land. On Saturday, the 15th August, I was standing at my own place at Broadmeadows. I saw the horsemen galloping down the hill towards the creek. I went to the top of the hill to see the sport. I saw the hounds go amongst the sheep, which were running in all directions. I did not see any of the sheep worried by the hounds, but a number of them were driven down to the creek. (P.6, Argus,5-11-1868.)

Mr James Drain of 24 Vanberg road, Essendon who died last week was a colonist of 72 years. Born in 1848 in the
County of Monaghan, North Ireland he arrived In Melbourne in 1862. He worked for his brother, a contractor at Broadmeadows for a time. Then he went into the service of the late C. B. Fisher on his Cumberland Estate. Later he was promoted to the management and assisted Mr Fisher in breeding Shorthorn cattle there and at the Maribyrnong Estate. Afterward he entered the service of the Essendon City Council in which he remained until he retired from active work. Mr Drain had been a member of Court Broadmeadows A.O.F. for 64 years and he went through the principal offices. He also belonged to the Masonic order.His wife survives him with four sons and
one daughter. (P.8,Argus, 4-4-1934.)

Members of the Gage family buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery and date of burial:
ANN STEWART, 18-5-1867; ELIZABETH, 21-8-1889; GOUGH, 6-10-1870; JANE, 14-11-1914; RICHARD,28-12-1895;
RICHARD, 9-11-1915; RICHARD,3-3-1937.

G.Charles Nash,who came to Victoria in 1849 and established his farm "Fairview", the so called VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD*, married Mary Gage in 1854 so it can be presumed that the Gage family was living in Broadmeadows Township by that time. Mary carried on the dairying and hay growing on Fairview, and Bayview (see COUSER above) after the death of Charles at 58 on 19-8-1884, and died at the age of 83 on 21-2-1919.
(*Google VICTORIA ROAD HOMESTEAD to get the ON MY DOORSTEP article and add TARDIS to get the archeological assessment.)

It is possible that the longtime Gage residence in the township was on lots 4 and 5 of section 24,on which Hugh Gage was assessed in 1920, a half acre fronting Grundy St at its junction with Bent St. Harry Heaps who arrived in Tullamarine in 1923 as a 14 year old and lived on Wallis Wright's old Sunnyside between Fairview and Wright St,told me that Dicky Gage was renowned throughout the district as a haystack builder and didn't mind a drink or six.

Hugh Gage was one of four township residents given work in the 1892 depression by Broady Shire.(BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)

Of horse-hayrakes there are 16 entries. In this branch, Messrs. Madders, Geo. Grant, James Grant, G. Munsie, and G. Alston are the exhibitors of colonial, and Messrs. T. Robinson and Co., and Mr. Gilmore, of Broadmeadows, of imported, manufactures....Except in the matter of cheese-presses the entries are not numerous, Mr. Gilmore, of Broadmeadows, exhibits the only colonial cheese-press in the show, but the almost entire absence of any such thing at former exhibitions makes them a valuable feature of the present exhibition.
(Port Phillip Farmers' Society Great Exhibition. P.5,Argus,3-10-1860.)

MARRIAGE. LAWRIE-GILMORE. On the 22nd ult., at Broadmeadows, by the Rev. D. Chapman, James Lawrie to Agnes, only daughter of Mr Wm. Gilmore,of Broadmeadows. ( The Australian News for Home Readers (Vic. : 1864 - 1867) Thursday 27 December 1866 p 16.)

DR. HARRIS begs to inform the inhabitants of Broadmeadows, and the surrounding districts, that he has commenced
practice as Surgeon and Accoucheur in the above Township. (P.7,Argus,18-1-1853.)

NOTICE.-BROADMEADOWS.-To Capitalists or Gentlemen seeking a Snug Proporty.-HENRY HILL, Esq.. of Broadmeadows, having made up his mind to revisit Scotland, Is disposed to SELL his property in the above township. It consists of a comfortable well finished Cottage, with one acre of garden-ground, stable, &c, within forty yards of the English Church* ; and Two Acres** of rich Land, Well fenced, now under crop, adjoining the National
School, in tho main street (Raleigh-street), and would, if cut up into building lots, be Invaluable. The whole is at present in the occupation of James Weston, Esq., M.D., at a rental of one hundred and four pounds per
annum. Nothing can exceed the beauty of this township for a suburban residence, it being only ten miles
from Melbourne and conveyances ply daily to and from.
For particulars apply to HENRY HILL, Esq., on the premises, at Broadmeadows. Title perfect, a Grant direct from the Crown. There is abundance of water the year round and in tho driest seasons. (P.8, Argus, 28-9-1857.)
* Lots 1 and 2,section 10,fronting the south side of Raleigh St from Pascoe St to Riddell St.
** Lots 7, 8, 9,10,section 13 fronting the north side of Raleigh St from Riddell St to Shadforth St, adjoining the National School reserve four chains (80 metres) from Raleigh St.

Johnny Cash sang a song about a boy named Sue because the name would make him tough. Jan Brian Kingshott from Exeter in Devon gets the same taunts but they weren't intended. Jan is actually a version of John in the local dialect,and following his father into the police force, Jan seems tough enough anyway. Jan is responsible for the website:
Gordon Victor Kingshott - Kingshott Genealogy;
Gordon was the son of John & Elizabeth Kingshott of Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He was the great grandson of John Kingshott of ...

John Kingshott of Broadmeadows was the fourth child of a machine breaker. This was a common offence during the industrial revolution,especially in relation to production of textiles because spinning and weaving were occupations carried out in workers' cottages and factories were destroying their livelihood. James Ford,who pioneered and named Portsea on Victoria's Mornington Peninsula was transported for the same offence. Jan provided the information below. Gordon Victor Kingshott was the great grandson of the machine breaker and grandson of John Kingshott and Elizabeth, and was born in 1889. His service record is provided by Jan.

Family Group Sheet for John Kingshott
Husband: John Kingshott
John Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 01 Jan 1792 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 May 1866 in O'Briens Ridge, Glenorchy, Tasmania, Australia
Lydia Morford
Francis Kingshott
Wife: Mary
Birth: 1802 in England
Death: 27 Feb 1839 in Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 01 Mar 1839 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia

1 Name:
M Gender:
William Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 26 Mar 1820 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 Sep 1876 in O'Briens Bridge, Glenorchy, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: St Pauls Church, Montrose, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 17 Aug 1841 in St Johns Church, New Town, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: Eliza Peardon (b: 1825)

2 Name:
F Gender:
Mary Ann Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 23 Feb 1823 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 28 Nov 1871 in Grass Tree Hill, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 01 Dec 1871 in St. George of Ease Chapel, Lachlan Village, Tasmania,
Marriage: 19 Jun 1840 in St Matthews Church, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: William Sargent (b: Abt. 1811)

3 Name:
F Gender:
Hannah Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 23 Jan 1825 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 08 Feb 1878 in Dry Creek, New Norfolk, Tasmania, England
Burial: 11 Feb 1878 in Macquarie Plains, New Norfolk, Tasmania, England
Marriage: 10 Jun 1840 in St Matthew's Church, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: James Coleman (b: Abt. 1807)

4 Name:
M Gender:
John Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 18 Mar 1827 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 09 Sep 1901 in Broadmeadows, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Marriage: 1849 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Caroline Clark (b: Abt. 1821)
Emma Jane Puzey (b: 1841)


5 Name:
M Gender:
James Kingshott
Birth: Abt. Jul 1829 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Page 1 of 2 10 July 2009 21:07:08Family Group Sheet for John Kingshott
Burial: 21 Oct 1829 in Greatham, Hampshire, England

6 Name:
M Gender:
Francis Kingshott
Birth: Bef. 16 Jan 1831 in Greatham, Hampshire, England
Death: 07 Feb 1900 in The Lachlan, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Burial: 10 Feb 1900 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 21 Oct 1855 in Weslyan Chapel, New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Spouses: Mary Ann Morgan (b: 06 Aug 1834)

7 Name:
F Gender:
Ellen Kingshott
Birth: 21 Jan 1837 in New Norfolk, Tasmania, Australia
Marriage: 23 Dec 1851 in Weslyan Chapel, Melville Street, Hobart, Tasmania
Spouses: Thomas Close (b: 1827)

Jan is looking for information about the Australian branch of the Kingshotts. Let's try the Will Will Rook Cemetery.

Jan may be unaware of trove, a website of digitised newspapers and other items such as photos,produced by the National Library of Australia. I have already seen references to the Tasmanian Kingshotts, but I will confine myself to the Broadmeadows family. There was a Kingshott who served as Mayor of Brunswick (between Broady and Melbourne) in the 1930's and a champion golfer of the 1950's who lived in Frankston (well south of Melbourne),as well as an athlete named Jack Kingshott who won at the St. Patrick's Day sports at Dandenong, but I will not deal with them until a link with the Broadmeadows family is found. They could have been descendants of the machine breaker though. I met and spoke with descendants of the Kingshotts at the (125th?) anniversary of the Broadmeadows State School (now Westmeadows Primary School) circa 1990. When I did a White pages search for "Kingshott,Westmeadows" there were nine results but none in or near Westmeadows.

John Kingshott bought blocks in Broadmeadows Township in 1856.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 26 November 1856 p 6 Article
... 8. Two roods Peter Mitchell, 6 the lot. Lot 9. Two roods, John Kingshott, 10 ,the lot. Lot 10. ... 17. One rood twenty-eight perches, John Kingshott, 12 10s. the lot. Lot l8. Two roods eight porches, John Kingshott, 11 the lot.

The Broadmeadows Township map can be obtained online by googling "Broadmeadows, county of Bourke". It is fairly certain that the above sales were in section 24 where Jack Hoctor told me the Kingshotts owned land.Grundy St had not yet been declared. It is likely that John Kingshott also later purchased Enoch Reynold's grant across Fawkner St which seems to be about where the Westmeadows garage now stands. This had been a Kingshott property on which Ted Wright had his wheelwright business on the corner of Black St (now Coopers Hill Drive) nearer the creek.

The following advertisement is of Peter Mitchell grant,on the east corner of Bent and Fawkner St which had only just under a third of the frontage to Grundy St, the rest belonging to crown allotments 2, 3 and 8,granted to John Kingshott. The owner is not named but Mitchell had probably sold crown allotment 1 in about 1859. Jack Hoctor's statement that Ted Wright's wheelwright premises across Fawkner St on the Westmeadows garage site had previously occupied by a Kingsott is confirmed.

ASHWORTH and Co (H.Tope auctioneer) will SELL at AUCTION as above W.B. store and dwelling with kitchen,
stabling, tank &c, land 2 acres 5 perches; rent 6/6 per week.
The property is nearly opposite Mr Kingshott's, wheelwright. Title under the Real Property Act.
Ashworth and Co, 325 Collins street. Telephone 505. (P.2, Argus,15-6-1901.)

It was either Jack Hoctor or Harry Heaps who told me about George Kingshott and the white horse.George Kingshott had a smithy on section 24,(on the Kingshott grants), across Fawkner St from Ted Wright's wheelwright business. A customer arrived late in the day to have his horse shod. As it was nearly dark,George promised to start the job early in the morning. The horse was left with him and George kept his word but the customer might not have been too happy with the paint job. Some of the township lads had used whitewash to create a white horse!

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 10 April 1908 p 5 Article.

Jan (old Devon word for John)Kingshott has been sent the I-L volume of my DHOTAMA. When Aussie Kingshotts supply him with some wanted info,I'm sure you could ask him to attach the file to a return email. Or you could private message me your email address. The information below from the file has to be transcribed so it is very brief.

John Kingshott was an original member of the school committee of Broadmeadows State School No.982. (Westmeadows Primary School Centenary booklet.)

KINGSHOTT,John,Broadmeadows,is a native of Hampshire, England, who came to Tasmania with his parents in 1835,being then but eight years of age. In 1846 they removed to Victoria, landing at Geelong, and the father being a blacksmith,the son learned the trade,at which he worked as journeyman in Melbourne for three years and then started on his own account in Gippsland and carried on there for five years. After a year at the Forest Creek (Castlemaine) diggings,he returned to Melbourne,and after being there for a short time,resumed his trade at Broadmeadows,where he has carried on now for about thirty four years,owning the premises and also other property in the township. He was married in 1849 and has a family of five sons,three of whom are associated with him in the business, and two daughters,and has twelve grandchildren.
(Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present, 1888,A. Sutherland.)

Other information in the file includes rate records, a map and references to the Kingshotts in BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. If you do get a copy of the file,be aware that the locations of A and B on the page 84 map,probably done at 5 a.m.,are wrong; they should be either side of Fawkner St, not Turner St. This error cannot be fixed on the file.

George Langhorne ran the first mission for the aborigines in Melbourne on the site of the Botanical Gardens. If I remember correctly, the Wurundjeri lad, Tullamarine's, first conviction resulted from his theft of some potatoes from the mission's garden. George, like Protector Thomas,took a real interest in the aboriginal vocabulary and made a bit of a boo boo,according to a story seen in several histories. Seeing 100 fence posts that had no apparent owner,George probably used them to enclose the garden to stop wandering stock from doing a "Tullamarine". However the posts belonged to surveyor Robert Hoddle,who made a deal with George, deciding to accept 100 aboriginal names instead of demanding the return of the posts. Most parishes in the north west of Melbourne and many town names were probably supplied by George. Tullamarine, Jika Jika, Will Will Rook, Yuroke, Doutta Galla, Maribyrnong and Bulla Bulla were probably some of the words on George's list used to name parishes near Broadmeadows,those in bold type probably having something to do with frogs (as with Tootgarook.)

George was probably something like a lay-reader and took the first Presbyterian services for residents in Broadmeadows Township and the Bulla area,the latter at Peter Young's Nairn (see my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA.) Peter was raising money for Free Presbyterian churches at both places when Rev. Chapman, from a different schism of the fractured denomination, arrived and opposed his plans as detailed in BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY and the YOUNG entry in my dictionary history.

George was actually a Broadmeadows Road Board ratepayer but I cannot give details as I no longer have my rate transcriptions.

(Locations of the various crown allotments mentioned are given in brackets.)
Important Sale of Valuable Freehold Properties, Household Furniture,Horses, Cows, Carts, &c.
At Broadmeadows, Fronting the Main Road.
To Speculators, Capitalists, Small Farmers, and Others.
SYMONS and PERRY have received instructions from Mr. Peter Mitchell to SELL by AUCTION, on the ground, on Thursday, February 10, at 11 o'clock, The following freehold properties :

Lot1. Government allotment 1 of section 24, upon which is erected large store and dwelling house, bakehouse, detached kitchen, and stable.
(Triangular block fronting half of east side of Bent St and about 50 metres of Fawkner St.)

Lot 2. Government allotment 7 of section 23, upon which is erected hay and corn store.
(Across Fawkner St from Bent St running to Turner St. Peter was also granted crown allotments 1,4, 5, 6 and 8 of section 23.)

Lot 8. Government allotment 8, of section 5, upon which are erected three dwelling houses, one containing four rooms, and two of two rooms each, with stabling attached.
(Section 5 was bounded by Broad St, Raleigh St and Wills St with crown allotment 8 being a square block at its south end near the creek,probably 40x 40 metres. There were probably two blocks fronting Wills St with the third block occupying the un-named Black St on the western side of the allotment.)

Lot 4. Government allotments 36 and 37, containing together 4 acres 1 rood and 2 perches, and upon which is erected a two-roomed dwelling house, the whole fenced In and under cultivation.
(Four acres 1 rood and 11 perches fronting the south side of Johnstone St, the west side of Lyons St and the Moonee Ponds Creek. Nine perches was used to reduce the steepness of the climb up the Johnstone St hill, i.e. 808 links x 1 chain deviation. The present Johnstone St corner in Melway 6 C8 roughly indicates the western extent of lot 36; Johnstone St seems to have followed the southern section of today's Westfield Boulevard -the deviation referred to-and crossed the Yuroke Creek at about the location of the footbridge in 6 D7.)

Let 6. Government allotments 1, 2, and 6 of section 23. (See lot 2. Crown allotment 6 was on the uphill side of crown allotment 7. C/A 1 fronted Forman St from Fawkner St to Turner St and was granted to Peter; c/a 2, adjoining it to the north was granted to John Johnstone,whose surname I believe was Johnson, as in the Glendewar/Cumberland/ Spring Park, in Keilor Rd, family.)

The whole are in the township of Broadmeadows, in the very best situation, fronting the main road.
Immediately after the sale of the above, The whole of the household furniture and effects,horses, cows, dogcart, gig, two spring carts, harness, &c.
Observe.-On the ground, Thursday, February 10, at 11 o'clock. (P.2, Argus, 10-2-1859.)

MORRIS James p.27, 30 teacher

I'm fairly sure that a member of this family is one of those listed on the Township's war memorial which used to be near the Will Will Rook end of the bridge until it became a traffic hazard and Walter V.(Major)Murphy moved it to the old windmill site. Amazingly there is only one result on trove for MULDOWNIE, BROADMEADOWS.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 4 October 1888 p 1 Family Notices
... MULDOWNIE. -On the 3rd inst., at his residence, Broadmeadows, after a long and painful illness, Michael Muldownie, aged 56 years.

There should be a result for "James Muldownie, Bulla, Broadmeadows" but there isn't! Yet a "Bulla, Broadmeadows" search had uncovered this.

Bulla-Broadmeadows Mail Contractor.
The residents of the Bulla, Oaklands and Tullamarine districts will have cause to regret the termination, at the end of this month, of Mr. James Muldowney's contract with the Postal authorities for the conveyance of His Majesty's mails to and from Bulla, and Broadmeadows. Mr. Muldowney has, at all times during his contract, been
very regular in his running, which was very pleasing to the residents of the districts above mentioned, also he has been most obliging and courteous at all times, responding willingly to the smallest request, for which all his friends desire to publicly acknowledge their indebtedness.
(P.2, Flemington Spectator,28-6-1917.)

Was the name actually Muldowney? It's strange that the soldier has not been mentioned! Let's try "Muldowney,Broadmeadows."

Amongst those killed in action in France on 13th November was Private George Muldowney, formerly of Broadmeadows, and youngest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Muldowney, of Broadmeadows. The deceased, who was a
single man, was born at Broadmeadows 40 years ago, and was educated at the Tullamarine* and Broadmeadows State Schools. He left the district some 14 years ago, and remained on Mooloomein station, N.S.W., where he was
much respected, until he enlisted. Two of his sisters are Mrs. Rowe, of The Boulder, W. A., and Mrs. O'Hare, of

Copy of a letter sent to Mrs. Rowe, 49 Dwyer street, The Boulder, W.A.
Town Clerk's Office,Boulder. 14th Dec., 1916.
Madam,-I have, by direction, to respectfully convey to you the sympathy of the Mayor, councillors and staff
for you and yours in the sad bereavement occasioned by the death of Private George Muldowney, recently fallen at the front. The memory of the sacrifice made by him in so nobly laying down his life for his country will be
kept sacred in the hearts of all residents in this district, and he will be appreciated as one of Australia's
heroes.-I am, yours very sincerely, E. W. V. GRIBBLE. Town Clerk.
(The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter, Thursday 18 January 1917 Edition: Morning. p 6 Article.)

(*I am sure the name was also on Tullamarine's war memorial,probably because he had been a student at the Tullamarine School. That's most likely why (after quarter of a century) I remembered it being on Broady's too.)

MULDOWNEY.In sad and loving memory of our dear mother, Catherine Muldowney, who died at Broadmeadows, July 19, 1902 also our dear father, Michael Muldowney, died October 3, 1888. Rest in peace. (Inserted by their loving sons and daughter, J. and G. Muldowney and C. M.O'Hare.) (P.9, Argus,18-7-1903.)

George and James had a third sister not mentioned above.Who's a SPOT THE DIFFERENCE champ?
MULDOWNEY.-Killed in action on 13th. November, Private George Bernard Muldowney, dearly beloved youngest son of the late Michael and Catherine Muldowney, of Broadmeadows, Vic, much loved brother of Mrs. McNamara, Mrs
O'Hare, Jim, Jack, Mrs Rowe (W.A.), late of Moulamein, N.S.W. R.I. P.(P.13,The Argus, 16-12-1916.)

And another brother, John, who may have been an agent at Mernda and a deputy electoral registrar.
AFTER fourteen days from the publication (there-?)of application will be made to the Supreme Court of Victoria, In Its Probate Jurisdiction that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of JAMES HENRY MULDOWNEY, late of Riddle* street, Broadmeadows, In Victoria, of no occupation, deceased,Intestate, may be granted to John Muldowney, of Riddle street, Broadmeadows aforesaid, of no occupation, and brother and one of the next of kin of the said deceased. Dated the twenty-second day of January, 1935, RODDA, BALLARD, & VROLAND, 430 Little Collins street, Melbourne, proctors for the applicant. (P.1, Argus, 22-1-1935.)
(* Riddell St, named after John Carre Riddell.)

NASH,Charles.See PHILLIPS. See "Fairview."
Charles Nash was not a township resident but his wife, Mary, nee Gage,had been before her marriage.

Joshua Phillips had a boot and shoe store at Broadmeadows in 1859.(POLICE, 5th case,P.6, Argus,24-11-1859.)
The Westmeadows Tavern heritage citation states that part of the site,lot 11 granted to John Pearsall in 1850 for 7 pounds, was sold to John Bethell who then sold it to Jabez Jacob Phillips in 1859 for 380 pounds. By 1867,Phillips was dead and his heir sold to Frances Phillips.It was then owned by William Burrows (by 1871),Charles Nash from 1876 with his widow, Mary (nee Gage) selling it to John Anderson,the baker near the bridge, Mary Morton after the baker's death in 1942 and C.U.B. from 1966.

Joshua Phillip's block was crown allotment 11 of section 2 which was the first block (apart from a triangular reserve) north of the 1854 timber bridge which joined the two ends of Ardlie St. (Google BROADMEADOWS,COUNTY OF BOURKE.)

Same family?
PHILLIPS -On the 17th inst., at George-street, Fitzroy,Mrs. H. Phillips, of Broadmeadows, of a daughter.
(P.4, Argus, 19-11-1870.)

REYNOLDS Enoch p.25

WATT The Watt family was not resident in the township,but just south of Roxburgh Park. Like the Darmody family,this inclusion is in lieu of a dictionary history which may never happen. See OAKFIELD.

WESTON Dr. James. See HILL.
The throw off was in Woodlands Estate opposite the Sherwood homestead (178 C6). Going east over the creek to the first fence (178 D7)the line turned south into the Greenvale Sanatorium property. Jumping into Cumberland (178 D12)an easterly swing was made going up the Gellibrand hill to J. Attwood's Dundonald which was soon crossed. Hounds ran over the Mickleham road to Campbell's Springbank travelling fast (178 J12.) An easterly swing was made to S.Walsh's Annette (6 C1) and then south to Willowbank 6 B5), again east to J.Walsh's* (6 C5). Turning south once more hounds well strung out took the field over a lane (Kenny St) into Anderson's** thence to Underwood's **where a check was made. Taking up the line again with a following wind the Broadmeadows road was crossed to Phahoff's*** (6 E7.) (P.12,Argus,17-8-1936.)
*J.Walsh's farm was south of Annette Farm,not far from the north end of Elizabeth St. The Lloyd's called it Wattle Glen but the advertisement of 1929 called it Wattle Grove.
** Anderson,whose historic house stands between the historic hall and the historic bridge, was the town's baker and Tim Underwood had followed Bob Cargill as the town's butcher. As rate books did not specify where exactly their land was,it would have been near Elizabeth St in Broadmeadows Township.
***Pahoff had been on Glen Allan by 1920 but John Twomey was still residing in the house. Glen Allan was on the north side of Johnstone St and the Glen Lyn land was across this road on the south side. Pahoff was assessed on exactly the same number of acres that John Twomey had been and the rate book may even have specified his property being Glen Allan. The whole road from Broadmeadows Rd to Sydney Rd was originally called Campbellfield Rd but was renamed Camp Rd because of the army camp.
TENDERS are invited by THE UNION TRUSTEE COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED, of 333 Collins street, Melbourne, for a GRAZING LEASE of THREE YEARS for the 250 acres which have a frontage to Camp road, Broadmeadows, and is
at present occupied by Messrs. Letwin and Pahoff.(P.16,Argus, 19-1-1938.)This was part of McLean's Glen Lyn property south of Johnstone St and Glen Allan.

For Absolute Sale, on Account of Miss Twomey, who has Leased her Property.(P.5, Argus, 22-11-1913.)

TWOMEY - On the 20th August, at his residence,"Glen Allan", Broadmeadows, John Twomey,JP, in his 56th year. R.I. P. (P.1, Argus, 2-8-1919.)
CORRIGAN. On the 14th inst., at her residence, Annette, Broadmeadows, Bridget, widow of the late William Corrigan, aged 70 years. R.I.P. (P.1,Argus, 16-1-1893.)

BROADMEADOWS (Feb. 10) -M'Phail Bros. and Co. report having conducted a very successful clearing sale on behalf of Mr W. J Corrigan, Annette Farm, Broadmeadows, of his dairy cattle, (etc.) (P.5, Argus, 24-2-1910.)

I thought Jack Hoctor and George and Sid Lloyd had just forgotten to mention Annette Farm when they discussed the sale of the Kennedy farms in 1929. They didn't forget it; it wasn't sold then despite being advertised. The executors wouldn't have bothered trying to sell it during the 1930's depression.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27. At Half-past Two O'Clock. At Scott's Hotel. Melbourne._
Under Instructions from THE TRUSTEES,EXECUTORS,AND AGENCY COMPANY LIMITED, of 401 Collins street. Melbourne,
In the Estate of Donald Kennedy. Deceased.
-SALE OF NICE FARM AT BROADMEADOWS. Known as Annette. Containing About 291 ACRES of FIRST-CLASS COUNTRY. Being Part of Crown Allotment 9 at Broadmeadows, with Entrance Off Kenny Street, and Adjacent to Properties Owned by Edward Campbell, Esq.. and Messrs. W.and J. Walsh. It is Suitable for City Milk, Fattening, and Cultivation, Bounded by Permanent Creek, with-Rich Flats and Banks Thereon, Supplemented by Dams, and Also U.G. Tank for Domestic Purposes. The Property Occupies an Admirable Position, in a Progressive Area, Within 12 Miles of
Metropolitan Markets, and Adjacent to the Broadmeadows Electric Train Service, with Supplementary Bus Service Connecting with Essendon. The Property is Fairly Fenced: Also Cow Bails and Shedding Thereon. A Good Property and Being for Definite Sale,Proposed Buyers May Attend the Sale with Confidence. (P.14,Argus,23-1-1943.)

BALLATER PARK. Roughly Melway 178 C-D 3-5,part 6.Alex Hatty's 100 acres became "Sherwood"(described under Dickinson in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal) which is the headquarters of the Oaklands Hunt Club. Both parts of Haslett's grant were described as being at Green Gully.


Place: Ballater Park Place No.- 80
Type: Dwelling - farmhouse
Location: 960 Somerton Road, Greenvale
Critical Date(s): early mud brick cottage constructed c.early 1860s (since demolished); main
weatherboard homestead constructed c.1870s; rear weatherboard kitchen etc. constructed c. late
1800s or early 1900s.
Historic Theme(s): 'The Land: Producing'; 'The Landscape: Perceptions and Transformations'.
Previous Heritage Registration(s): None
Recommended Level of Significance: Local
Statement of Significance:
The farmhouse at Ballater Park was erected in the 1870s on a property of some 214 acres
established by the Scottish settler, Alexander Michie, in 1863. It is of local architectural and
historical significance as the substantially intact, last remaining example of the numerous
weatherboard farmhouses built in the immediate area around the same time. As a group, these
farmhouses are of interest because they were nearly all erected by Scottish immigrants on
similarly sized farms.
Ballater Park is also unique in the area for its continuing use as a farm by members of the
same family. It is also distinguished by its setting; the land surrounding the farmhouse is little
changed in its park-like quality, with gum trees dotting the gently undulating landscape. As
such it is of critical importance in demonstrating a way of life, a land use and a landscape of
particular significance in the history of the study area, and which is in danger of being lost to the
encroaching suburbia.
History and Description:
The land on which Ballater Park is situated, allotment R of Section 10 of the Parish of
Yuroke, was originally part of a station occupied by a Major Firebrace, and it appears that his
outstation was located a short distance to the east of the present homestead.1
Allotment R of Section 10 was purchased from the Crown by a John Haslet in 1849; he
paid 1 per acre for the 314 acres. The title then passed through the hands of several owners
until Alexander and Esther Michie, ancestors of the present owners, purchased 214 acres of the
property in 1863. The other 100 acres was, by 1863, owned by a Samuel Hatty.2
No records have yet been located concerning the arrival of the Michies in the Port
Phillip District, but Alexander Michie was born in Aberdeen in 18233 and the name they gave
to their property is said to have come from Esther's birthplace in Scotland.4
In their descriptions of Alexander Michie's land, some of the earliest entries in the
Broadmeadows Road Board Rate Books5 note the location of his 'farm', or sometimes 'house
and land', as being variously at 'Green Gully'6 or 'Yuroke'.7 The area 'Green Gully' referred to
the general location where Hatty, Michie, and two other Scottish immigrants John and Donald
McKerchar had settled. Their land fronted what was then called the Deep Creek Road. This
road was also known as McKerchar's Lane, then Green Gully Road, then later as Greenvale
Road, and is now called Somerton Road. The name 'Green Vale' was not used to refer to this
area, once part of a larger district called Euroke or Yuroke, until about 1868;8 it came from the
name that Michie's eastern neighbour, John McKerchar, had given to his property.
The first house that the Michies lived in was a small mud brick cottage, long since
demolished, with earth floors that were dampened to keep it compacted, and then covered with
hessian. The walls were whitewashed and it had a hipped roof.9 Some time later, possibly in
the 1870s, the present homestead was separately erected in front of this cottage, which, with
some weatherboard additions, then became the kitchen because it contained a stove.10
The present weatherboard homestead is substantially intact and has no architectural
pretensions, appearing instead much like any colonial vernacular farmhouse, with its hip roof
(broken by a valley to cover an uneven plan at the rear) and a deep encircling verandah. The
roof is covered with what are probably the original slate tiles, and the chimneys are rendered.
The verandah is sheeted with corrugated iron, and the timber verandah posts are simply detailed
at the top.
At a later stage, possibly late in the nineteenth century or early in the twentieth century,
the mud-brick cottage was demolished and a separate weatherboard structure, larger in size and
located more directly behind the farmhouse, was erected. This also was used to house the
kitchen (still its function), and some other rooms. It has an M-shaped roofline sheeted with
corrugated iron.
1 'Plan showing the Portions Subdivided in Yuroke, Bulla Bulla and Tullamarine', 1847, Historical
Plan OR Y1, CPO.
2 Much of the historical information comes from Annette Ferguson's well-researched history of the
Greenvale area called 'Greenvale: Links with the past', which was written c.1985. A copy of the
unpublished typescript is held at the Sunbury Regional Library; also Current Parish Plan, Parish of
Yuroke, CPO; also PROV, VPRS 7959/P1, Unit 1, Broadmeadows Road Board Rate Book 1863-
3 Entry for the Michie family, No.M25480, in VicGold Genealogy Database, Internet URL
4 Ferguson, op.cit., np.
5 Rate Books, op.cit.
6 For example - rates made in 1864, '65 and '66.
7 For example - rates made in 1863, '67 and '68.
8 Rate Books, op.cit.
9 Ferguson, op.cit., np. citing a grandaughter of Michie, Margaret Lofts, who used to live in the
10 From personal conversation with the current owners.
Alexander Michie died in October 1896 and his assets were described in his Probate
papers as 214 acres with a six-roomed weatherboard cottage and outhouses.11 These
documents also noted that the property was used for grazing purposes only and no area had been
cultivated. Esther remained at the farmhouse until her death in 1911 at the age of 87. Their
daughter, Annie, one of seven children, married a Robert Millar and they lived at a farm called
Springbank (once located in what is now the Attwood area). They moved back into Ballater
Park after Michie's death, changing it from the dairy farm it had always been to a sheep farm.
Their son, Alexander Millar, later rented the adjoining Green Vale property, and in the 1920s
renamed it The Elms. Alexander later moved to Cairn Brae on St.Johns Rd., which had been
built by his uncle, William Michie, but Ballater Park remained in the family. The present
owners are the daughters of Alexander Millar.12
Along the road travelling east towards Somerton there was once a fair number of these
small farms of some 200 to 400 acres with weatherboard farmhouses, all settled in the 1850s
and 1860s by Scottish and English settlers. Today most are gone. Nothing is said to remain of
Green Vale (or The Elms) the last remains having apparently been torn down recently.13
Greenan, the farmhouse of McKerchar's brother, Donald, burnt down some years ago leaving
only a bluestone outbuilding as a reminder of its existence. The properties Glen Arthur and
Waltham, situated further east and owned respectively by Joseph Trotman and Robert
Shankland, were destroyed to make way for the Greenvale Reservoir. Others such as Fairview,
owned by John Bond and once located opposite Glen Arthur, have made way for new residential
developments. It seems that the only other weatherboard farmhouse left from this era is the
former Springfield, which is located on what is now called French Road but is altered almost
beyond recognition. Ballater Park is unique in the area in that its farmhouse is still
substantially unaltered from the original, and the land surrounding it is little changed in its parklike
quality, with gum trees dotting the gently undulating landscape.
It is recommended that Ballater Park homestead and outbuildings be included in the
Heritage Overlay of the Hume Planning Scheme. It is further recommended that the Council
consider the whole property for Significant Landscape Overlay controls.


SHANKLAND.On the 8th March, at private hospital, Melbourne, Jessie Catherine, the dearly beloved eldest daughter of William and Jessie Shankland, of "Brook Hill," Greenvale, aged 20 years.
I think Brook Hill was purchased from the grantee by William Shankland's father,Robert Shankland of Waltham.
The Shankland Wetlands are near the southern boundary of Brook Hill.


CHANDOS PARK.(Eastern 123 acres of section 15 Tullamarine. Bounded by Wright St and Mickleham Rd from roughly Bamford Avenue to the Moonee Ponds Creek. Melway 5 H6.)

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold, on account of Mr. C. A. Topp, his property at Broadmeadows, known as "Chandos," containing 125 acres, with homestead and improvements thereon, to Mr. John Cocks (sic).
(P.22, Argus, 12-3-1910.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 10 January 1942 p 2 Family Notices

.... JUDD-WEBB.-Lorna Clara Webb, only daughter of the late Mr. William Webb and Mrs. Ethel Cohen, of Carlton, to Colin Wilton, eldest son of Percy and Ruby Judd, of Chandos Park.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 24 August 1954 p 10 Article
... Mrs. Bill Bamford, of Chandos Park, Broad- meadows; their son, John.

There may have been a family connection between the Judd and Bamford families.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 April 1944 p 6 Family Notices
... T. E. Rodwell, only son of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Rodwell, 94 Milton street, Elwood. JUDD - BAMFORD. - Merle, youngest daughter of Mrs. and the late Mr..C. S. Judd, 'of Charman road, Cheltenham, to Pte. Jack Bamford (A.I.F.), third son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Bamford, Stewart avenue, Parkdale.
Another connection is the W.Bamford and A.Judd were both members of the Oaklands Hunt.

On my visit to Jack Simmie at Harpsdale in the 1990's, Jack told me of "Belmont" which I think his son owned at the time. I knew that Belmont had to be in the parish of Yuroke, not Bulla as Harpsdale was. I have stated elsewhere that Crowe's Hill consisted of crown allotments C and D of section 20,Yuroke,and it probably originally did contain all of John Crowe's grants,but by 1880, the western 160 acres of C and D had been sold as a separate farm which became known as Belmont.

Between Broadmeadows and Mickleham, PART of ALLOTMENTS C and D, Section 20, Containing I88a. 3r 6.5p ,
Parish of Yuroke, County of Bourke,Known as Crowe's Hill Farm,
By Order of the Mortgagee For Positive and Absolute sale, ALFRED BLISS has been favoured with instructions from the mortgagee to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the room, 32 Collins street west, on Monday, August 9, at twelve
o'clock, All that FREEHOLD FARMING PROPERTY, Known as CROWE'S HILL FARM, Containingl88 acres 3 roods 6.5 perches. Together with All improvements thereon erected.This is a very choice farming property. It was formerly known as Crowe's Hill Farm, and is situate on the old Sydney road, between Broadmeadows and Mickleham.

*It adjoins Messrs. Edwards and Glover's and Mr Johnson's, and is separated from tho 4000 acres belonging to David Brodie, Esq. , by 160 acres. It is not far from tho residence and extensive landed property of Geo Edols, Esq., and is immediately opposite Mr.O.Halloran's paddocks, rented by C. B. Fisher,Esq.

The soil is of the best black agricultural description.It is divided into paddocks, grazing, cultivation (about
80 acres), and a timbered portion. The road to it from town is through tho pretty districts of Essendon and Broadmeadows, about eight from the latter township, macadamised road all the way to the entrance gate. The hill commands one of the most perfect circular picturesque landscapes to be found in all Victoria.The whole is fit for a gentleman s country seat, combining farming, grazing, and choice stock breeding, a charming estate, only l8 miles from the city. (P.2, Argus, 27-7-1880.)

(* Edwards and Glover may have had Montebello at the south west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds; John Johnson (usually written as Johnston or Johnstone even on the Broadmeadows Township map,hence Johnstone St) had Greenhills on the north west corner; Edols had "Dunhelen"; Brodie owned Harpsdale and land to the north in the parish of Mickleham; Halloran had earlier owned Dunalister* in Oaklands Rd but this would have been part of the Glenara Estate by 1880 and he had probably bought Oaklands (parish of Bulla) and the neighbouring Yuroke crown allotment to the east from the grantees,Williamson and Thomas McVea. )

It is possible that a big black crow (flapping his wings, saying go, go, go)settled on the 188 acre farm and led people to believe that the farm was named after him rather than John Crowe. It is also possible that Thomas Crinnion (see my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF BULLA journal) bought Crowe's Hill in 1880,because the family was on the farm soon after. When I did a trove search for CRINNION,CROWE'S HILL there was no result but then I thought of the above-mentioned big black crow!

CAMPBELL and SONS are instructed by Miss E. R. Crinnion to SELL by AUCTION, at Kirk's Bazaar, on Monday, October l8, at twelve o'clock, Her Well-known CROW'S HILL FARM, Mickleham,Comprising; 192 acres, more or less rich agricultural and grazing land, situate 17 miles from Melbourne and 8 miles from Craigieburn railway station. (P.2,Argus, 13-10-1915.)


William Hudson and Co. sold 100 (fat lambs)for Mr A Nash, Dunhelen Broadmeadows. (P.10,Argus,30-3-1892.)

CAMERON. -On the 30th July at her residence " Dunhelen " Broadmeadows, Isabella, the dearly beloved wife of Ewen Cameron, and loving mother of Margaret and Hughena.(P.11, Argus,31-7-1915.)
I'm sure the grave of Ewan's family is in the Will Will Rook cemetery not far from the road frontage.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 8 July 1901 p 1 Family Notices
... daughter. PIGDON. -On the 20th June, at "Dunhelen," Broadmeadows the wife of J. C. Pigdon-a daughter.

GLADSTONE PARK. (See Stewarton.)


Glen Allan became the property of John Kerr Junior, according to BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY. See the comment of 2014-03-10 09:56:42 re the Broadmeadows Shire elections in 1891.

TWOMEY - On the 20th August, at his residence "Glen Allan", Broadmeadows, John Twomey,JP,in his 56th year.
R.I.P. (P.1, Argus,22-8-1919.)

Stud records lost in fire.
The stud records of 26 pedigree horses were burnt by a fire that destroyed three rooms of Glen Allan stud farm, at Broadmeadows, early yesterday morning. Mr. Arthur Robert Parkinson, manager of the farm, said he was awakened by the crackling of flames that were leaping through his bedroom window, just after 3 a.m. He woke his staff, but it was too late to save the office records. The office and three spare rooms were burnt before Coburg and Brunswick fire brigades subdued the fire. (P.21, Argus, 4-5-1950.)

GLENROY STATION. (Pasture Hill+Bayview Farm+Glenroy Farm.)

BEATYCAMERON.On the 28th inst., at the residence of the bride's mother, 317 Elizabeth-street north, by the Rev. Robert Hamilton, of Fitzroy, William Shaw Beaty, second son of William Beaty, Esq.,Becks, Langholm, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, to Jane Anne, only daughter of the late George Gordon Cameron, Esq., of Glenroy, Broadmeadows. Dumfries and Inverness papers please copy.(P.4,Argus,28-3-1872.)


McKERCHAR.-On the 31st March, 1914, at her residence, Greenvale, Broadmeadows, Catherine McNab, relict of John McKerchar, aged 85 years. (P.1,Argus, 2-4-1914.)


CUTHBERT. On the 21st November, at private hospital, Sunshine, John, dearly loved brother of Mrs. Bond (Sunshine), Charles (deceased), Mrs. Papworth (Sydney), aged 73 years, late of Broadmeadows. (Interred privately.) (P.17,Argus, 29-11-1924.)

KERRSLAND. (Pasture Hill and Bayview Farm.)

OAKFIELD.(Crown Allotment 5(i)Yuroke of 323 acres 3 roods; eastern corner of Pascoe Vale and Somerton Rds with respective road frontages of 820 and 1580 metres. Oakfield's acreage was reduced,probably when the railway line was built through the property.The reservoir's 51 acres were between Pascoe Vale Rd and the railway line.)
Watt.-On the 8th Inst, at Oakfield, Campbellfield, Mr. John Watt, aged 69 years.(P.1, Argus,9-6-1880.)

WATT.On the 13th September, at her residence, "Oakfield," Bridge-road, Coburg, Anne*, relict of the late John Watt, of Oakfield, Campbellfield, aged 82 years; beloved mother of Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Morrison, James, George, and William.(P.13, Argus,14-9-1912.)

(*A google search for WATT FAMILY, CAMPBELLFIELD produced many results including the fact that Ann's maiden name was MORICE.)It would be interesting to find Matilda's maiden name.

Ann was the widow of John Watt, the grantee of Oakfield, who died in 1880, and it is interesting to note that no John is listed as a son. The bell-ringer was probably the grantee's nephew and the son of William Watt who died at Campbellfield in 1860 aged only 53; William's death notice reveals the Watt family's native place.(On the 23rd inst., at Campbellfield, Mr. William Watt, formerly of Newton, near Ballater, Aberdeenshire, aged 53. Aberdeen papers please copy.P.4, Argus, 28-6-1860.)

The death occurred on Tuesday at Campbellfield of Mrs. Matilda Watt,widow of the late John Watt. She was born in Broadmeadows Shire 93 years ago and had lived in the Campbellfield district all her life. Her descendants comprise 11 children, 27 grandchildren, 50 great-grandchildren, and 51 great-great-grandchildren. The funeral will take place today in the Will Will Rook Cemetery, Campbellfield. (P.3, Argus,12-11-1942.)

Matilda was no longer on Oakfield, (she, or perhaps Ann) having sold the farm to John Kernan of Avonmore at Somerton, according to what seems to be an extract from John Kernan's will.
1. All that piece of land containing 156 acres part of section 5 Portion 1 Parish of Yuroke. The improvements consist of a brick cottage containing 6 rooms, weatherboard kitchen and dairy, 4 stall stable, 4
stall combail - fencing post and wire and stonewall. (This is Oakfield scribble next to it). 'Oakfield property bought from a Mrs. Watts to his son Edward Kernan. (; one of the articles on the Craigieburn Historical Interest Group's website.

CAMPBELLFIELD CHURCH. 90th Anniversary Services.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 13 June 1932 p 8 Article.(Extract only.)
There was a large attendance of past and present parishioners at both services. Mr John Watt, who has been associated with the church for 80 years, tolled the bell. He has performed this duty for the last 40 years.

The Bell-ringer,husband of Matilda (above)was probably the NEPHEW of the grantee of Oakfield, and died the next year at his residence in Bright St,Campbellfield. (P.13,Argus,8-7-1933.) Matilda probably lived on in the same house as her funeral departed from Bright St. Two of their daughters married Peachey boys who would have lived at John Pascoe Fawkner's Box Forest (renamed Hadfield after Cr Rupert Hadfield who was on the Broadmeadows Council in 1928 when the new shire hall was built near the Broadmeadows Station.) Flo married Stephen Peachey and they moved to a 6 acre dairy farm at Tullamarine (now Boyse Court) circa 1920 after swine fever had struck at Peachey-Kelly Town (as Pascoe Vale kids such as Jim McKenzie called the Hadfield area in the 1930's.)

Not all parish maps are originals, and I've seen one of the Yuroke maps,probably the one I donated to the Hume Library (Global Learning Centre) with a reservoir shown on Oakfield. Original Melway maps (pre the opening of the Greenvale Reservoir,which made the Somerton Reservoir redundant) may also show it. The reservoir was surrounded by embankments to contain the water. The reservoir had been proposed by 1915 when A.G.Shaw wrote his letter (P.6, Argus,12-4-1915), but the project would have been delayed by World War 1.

New Reservoir at Somerton.
The Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works has bought an area of 51.5 acres of land at Somerton for the construction of a new service reservoir. The price of the land was L85 an acre. The whole of the area will not be required for the reservoir, which is needed for supplying water to the rapidly developing areas in the north and west of Melbourne. (P.14, Argus, 22-6-1927.)

HOCTOR. -On the 29th June, 1933, at her residence Rocklaw, Broadmeadows East, Margaret, dearly beloved wife of the late Michael Hoctor, dearly beloved mother of Bridget-(Mrs Mahoney), Mary Ann (Mrs O'Sullivan) Eliza (Mrs May )John, Maggie (Mrs Beahan) James (Boinka) Peter and Michael, loved sister of Daniel Corcoran,
aged 88 years and 3 months. Native of Brunswick. May her soul rest in peace. (P.1,Argus,30-6-1933.)

There is no guarantee that the advertisement below is for Rocklaw but it does conform with the vague understanding I was able gain of Rocklaw's location during my lengthy discussions with the late Jack Hoctor, Michael Hoctor's nephew.

Situated 1 Mile from Broadmendows Railway Station.
\\T, S KEAST, slock and station agent ilcllV bourne lias received instructions from the *'executors of the late Mrs Johanna Darmody,Broadmeadows, to sell by public auction
Containing on or about 300* acres, situated about 1 mile from the Broadmeadows railway station 1.5 miles from the Somerton railway station and within 11 miles of the Melbourne post office.
The farm consists chiefly of volcanic land rich in pasture, without crops of stony rises. About 100 acres have been cultivated and there is at present a magnificent crop on this portion of the land. The proportv has been used for many years as a dairy farm to which it is particularly suited owing to its nearness to the Broadmeadows railway station which makes it easy for the working of the property. There is a good deal of redgum timber on the property and any amount of (fire?)wood for the property for very many years. Owing
to the death of Mrs Darmody the property is for absolute sale. (P.4, Argus,25-10-1919.)

(*293 acres according to another advertisement (P.2, Argus,12-11-1919.)

The above is not Rocklaw unless it was later combined with part of another farm in John Kerr Senior's Wheatlands Estate which will be detailed in COMMENTS. In 1886, Rocklaw consisted of just over 192 acres.

ROCKLAW.-192 a. 0 r. 10 p., occupied by Mr. Jas.Darmody. (P.8,Argus,22-4-1886.)

James Darmody obviously bought Rocklaw and in 1901 had a clearing sale, having sold the farm,probably to Michael Hoctor. (The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 19 January 1901 p 53 Advertising CLEARING SALE, On Account of Mr. James Darmody, Rocklaw Farm, BROADMEADOWS. ADAMSON, STRETTLE, and Co. are instructed by Mr. James Darmody (owing to the sale of the farm) to SELL by AUCTION,etc.)

Joanna Darmody was the wife of Matthew Darmody,not of James,making it unlikely that the 293 acre farm put up for sale in 1919 was,or included, Rocklaw. James Darmody's wife was probably Catherine.

DARMODY -On the 23rd June, at Coonara Hospital, St. Kilda, Johanna, relict of the late Matthew Darmody, of Broadmeadows, loving mother of Mrs B Darmody, John, Mrs A. Cassin, Mrs. E. McDonald, James, William, and Mrs
A. Forbes aged 84 years. (Interred privately on the 25th June at Keilor Cemetery.) R.I.P.

It is still possible that the farm sold in 1919 was Rocklaw and that two of the WHEATLANDS ESTATE FARMS (see COMMENTS) had been combined. In 1952, Rocklaw seemed to be a whole crown allotment again; the Wheatlands Estate farms being half crown allotments.

This Outstanding Farm Situate Just North of the Broadmeadows Electric Railway Station of Sound Volcanic Nature Admirably Suitable City Milk, Sheep, Fat Lamb Raising and Cultivation. Bounded by Creek Having Rich Flats and
Banks. Wonderful Opportunity for Graziers or Dealers to Obtain Such a Sound Property so Handy to Newmarket.
Further Details A E GIBSON A. CO 140 Queen street Melbourne. (P.19,Argus, 23-8-1952.)

POSTSCRIPT. It would seem that the Hoctors either did not buy Rocklaw or by 1934,they had sold/mortgaged the farm and had been leasing it from the new owners/ mortgagees. I apologise for the uncorrected text; I could not get the digitisation and the advertisement at the same time,the latter being on at least page 4.The part at the end is interesting and would seem to indicate that the Hoctor Bros. had land in the shire of Bulla. The Underwoods had Warlaby (section 11) according to a Hume heritage study and the Gilligans were on section 4 Bulla Bulla,so the Hoctor land must have been part of a subdivision of section 8 (part of Peter Young's old property,"Nairn"), roughly Melway 384 F-J 12 north to the end of St John's Rd.It will be nice to find how many acres they owned.

At Twelve O Clock Sharp
306 Bourke street Melbourne have received In
structlons from Messrs Hoctor Bros (who are re
Unquishing dairying and farming owing to the ex
plratlon of lease
) to SELL on the propcrt
ROCKLAW Broadmeadows East the whole of then
comprising -
185 HEAD 185
Consisting of -
100 cows 1st 2nd and 3rd calf and % great
many freshly calved
57 forward and backward springers 1st 2nd
and 3rd calf
20 heifers l8 20 months bred from the pick
of the cows and running with Shorthorn
4 heifers 2'3 years old springing
2 Shorthorn bulls sears old
1 Ayrshire bull 2 year* old
6 draught horses good workers 1 spring carl
mare 1 hack
Also Complete PLANT as follows -Massc>
Harris binder 6ft Mccormack drill 13 hoe
Mccormack mower Cft 3 fur disc plough
(cockshutU 2 fur mouldboard plough 3 sets
1 leaf harrows 1 heavy 1 light harrow cart
International roller 10ft roller 8ft set 4
horse blocks and chains set 3 horse swings
and bars set 4 horse swings 2 farm drajs
and frames tip draj sprlngcart stack cover
24ft by 48ft 20ft ladder 14ft ladder spring
tooth culti\ator Massey hay rake Furph
water cart (new) 2 Blackstone oil engines
8 h p and 4 h p 3 knife chaffcutter and
belting Robinson and Co portable forge aud
amil blacksmiths tools and vice knife
grinder and grindstone wheelbarrows set
steelyards milk waggon pole and shafts
rubber t>red phaeton King carrier Jinker
long shaft brake 8 forks picks shovels mat
tocks scythes and sard brooms dray ropes
feed bins 1 sets dray saddles and breeching
2 sets leading harness and spiders 10 ECU
plough chains 2 sets sprlngcart harness 8
draught horse collars names and winkers
riding saddle and bridle several lots of reins
and odd harness 1 pair double horse reins
(new) Donald wire strainer pig net quan
lily wire netting 2 milk coolers and vats com
plctc 1 large bulking plant 100 gallons
Lacta separator 45 gallons buckets strainers
50 milk cans 40 and 60 quarts In perfect
order 3 cream vans low down pump and
piping cast Iron copper and stand 2 mcasm
ing cans veterinary pump mens room foi
removal 8ft by 16ft 5 2000 gallon water
tanks covers and taps complete gah Iron
400 gallon tank and tap 200 gallon tank
gah Iron and tap complete 3000 gallon
windmill tank and wooden stand complete for
rcmovol surplus furniture and 10 pair
of turkejs and many sundries
Tor manj years Messrs Hoctor Bros have been
busing the best heifers obtainable and ha\e alwa s
culled heavilj anything not up to the standard
being sold out of the herd The whole of the
plant and Implements arc In splendid order and
as everything is for absolute sale buyers arc re
commended to attend this important CLEARING
Also Account of the Estate of the Late Mrs M
Hoctoi At One O Clock Sharp
05 ACRES situated at Oaklands Junction ad
Joining the properties of Messrs E A Under
wood and Gilligan Bros
well fenced and
watered by dam This Is a splendid grail np
und fattening paddock and is all cultivable
Title certificate may be Inspected at office of
Messrs Rodda Ballard and Vroland solicitors
430 Little Collins street Melbourne (P.2!!!!,Argus, 17-2-1934.)

SOUTHWAITE. See ST JOHN'S. Crown allotments B and D of Section 22,parish of Doutta Galla,containing just over 100 acres but always assessed as 100 acres by Broadmeadows Shire. Roughly Melway 16 B4-5. The boundaries of this triangular farm can be shown by extending the line of Sharps Rd/Caterpillar Drive east to the Moonee Ponds Creek,joining Wirraway Rd to the Matthews Ave/Mascoma Ave roundabout to show the course of Bulla Rd and extending the Elysee Court/Vickers Avenue midline south to meet the reconstructed Bulla Rd.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 May 1880 p 1 Family Notices
... HALL. -On the 17th, at her residence, Southwaite, near Essendon, the wife of John Hall of a son. Both doing well.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 18 November 1910 p 1 Family Notices
... MEMORIAM. HOWSE.-In loving memory of our dear mother Ellen Howse who died on the 18th November, 1900 at "Southwaite " Tullamarine.

ST. JOHN'S. Part Section 23, Doutta Galla, Melway 16 C 4-7, D 6-7, plus most of Strathnaver Ave.
Section 23 was granted to Major St John, a corrupt crown lands official exposed by John Pascoe Fawkner. It was later owned by Sir John Franklin who leased the land to such as John Mawbey and Thomas Dunn. The eastern boundary of Stephenson's/Taylor's part (determined from sketches of title)is most unusual, consisting of two diagonal lines meeting at the M in LAMART ST.

Gordon Connor told me why St Johns was so green at the height of summer, see the comment (of 18-1-2014) re fertiliser used on some Broadmeadows Shire farms. Henry Stevenson of Niddrie (bounded roughly by Nomad Rd/Treadwell St, Keilor Rd, Bowes Avenue and Fraser St)occupied St Johns circa 1880 when Robert McDougall (of Arundel north of Keilor Village) occupied the roughly 200 acres to the east that is now Strathmore North. That is why Harry Peck described them as neighbours in his MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN when discussing these advocates of the Baines and Booth (respectively)strains of shorthorn cattle and their frosty relationship.

It would have been not long before 1920 that Gordon Connor noticed how green Cam Taylor's paddocks were when all the pasture in the area had become brown. Shortly after, a flying club bought part of the property to establish "St John's Field". After investigating other sites, the government bought St John's Field to establish the original (north west) part of Essendon Aerodrome circa 1921. I had imagined the Taylors had moved away at that time,but they didn't, so their homestead must have been north or west of the original aerodrome site,probably near Boeing Rd, the land west of Vickers Avenue being Jack Howse's "Southwaite" where he ran a slaughteryard (George Lloyd's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952.) John Hall had established "Southwaite" much earlier.

TAYLOR.On June 23, at her residence, St. John's, Bulla road. North Essendon, Bertha May, dearly beloved wife of Andrew Cameron Taylor, dear mother of Ronald, Richard (Jock), and Ernest (R.A.A.F), loving sister of Ethel. -Rest after weariness.(Private interment.)

TAYLOR.On June 23, at Bulla road,North Essendon, Bertha May, beloved daughter of the late Richard and Ellen Davis,of Sunbury, devoted sister of Ethel.Peacefully sleeping.

TAYLOR.On June 23, at her home, St.Johns, North Essendon. A tribute of affection to our beloved mother, Bertha May Taylor from Ernest and Georgina.

TAYLOR.In loving memory of our dear mother. Bertha May, who passed away at St. John's, North Essendon, on June 23. (From Jack and Letty.) (P.2, Argus, 25-6-1945.)

SPRINGBURN. 198 acres, part section 6, Tullamarine. Melway 5 H-J 8-9 roughly. The largest and central part of the roughly 450 acre Chandos kept by John Cock of Gladstone Park when he bought that farm from the Peter family in the early 1900's and subdivided it, Strathconan of 140 acres extending south to Freight Rd properties,where it adjoined the Junction Estate (Andlon and Londrew Courts and the Northedge complex)and Chandos Park of 123 acres being between Springburn and the Moonee Ponds Creek. Chandos Park was mainly associated with Percy Judd and William Bamford after whom Bamford Avenue was named.

LOCKHART.-On November 28 (suddenly),at Springburn, Broadmeadows, William,dearly loved husband of Emma, and loving father of Dora, Keith, Eunice, Frank, and Hazel, aged 70 years.
LOCKHART.-On November 28, at Springburn, Broadmeadows, William, devoted father of Frank, father-in-law of Kathleen, and dear grandpa of Peter, John, and David.(P.2, Argus, 30-11-1942.)

STEWARTON/GLADSTONE.(Section 5, Tullamarine, 785/777 acres.) See VIEWPOINT.
This fronted the east side of Broadmeadows(Mickleham)Road from the Lackenheath Drive corner to Forman St with the Moonee Ponds Creek being the western and part of the northern boundary. Land between the freeway and Mickleham Rd was called Gladstone Gardens.

Peter McCracken leased Stewarton from Niel Black from 1846 to 1955 (McCracken letters.) Peter's young son drowned in the creek (most likely near the end of Pascoe St) after walking with his older siblings part of the way to school in Broadmeadows Township. By the way, Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the creek,not the future suburb. Just as well I knew to enter Peter Young,Peter McCracken to find the following.

THE FARMERS' SOCIETY. .... The chair was most ably filled by Peter Young, Esq. of Nairn, who presided in the absence of Peter McCracken, Esq. of Stewarton, who was prevented from attending by a severe domestic
calamity, recently recorded in our columns. (P.4,Argus,28-10-1852.)
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 20 October 1852 p 4 Family Notices
DIED, Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant, William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 12 October 1850 p 3 Advertising
PETER M'CRACKEN. Stewarton, Moonee Ponds, 1 REWARD.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 22 May 1851 p 2 Family Notices
... BIRTH. At Stewarton, near Broadmeadows, on Thursday last, the lady of Peter M'Cracken, Esq., of a son. ..

D CAMPBELL and CO. have received instructions from Mr. P. M'Cracken, in consequence of his leaving the farm, to sell by auction, at Stewarton, near Broadmeadows, on Friday, 23rd inst.,at eleven o'clock, a.m ,
Three stacks oaten hay, about 150 tons, one stack oaten straw, two stacks wheat straw, three teams working bullocks, ten milch cows, one bull. Also,A quantity of farming implements, dairy utensils.
N.B. Lunch Provided. (P.3, Argus, 19-3-1855.)

The first ratebook (1863) saw J.Maconochie assessed. He'd probably moved in when Peter McCracken left.

TENDERS WANTED, for CONSTRUCTING a DAM on tho Stewarton Estate, Broadmeadows. Plans and specifications may be seen with E M Ivor, surveyor at Brunswick, until tho 8th inst, and at Shire hall Broadmeadows from 8th to 14th inst. (P.3, Argus, 4-3-1878.)

COCKTYRES. On the 11th April, 1917, at the residence of the bride's brother, Swan street,Richmond, by the Rev. J. Thomas, Alister Arthur, youngest son of the late John Cock, of "Gladstone Park," Broadmeadows, to Agnes, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. I. Tyres, Numurkah.(P.1, Argus,20-4-1917.)

On the 15th inst., at her brother's residence, Stewarton, Broadmeadows, Margaret, daughter of the late
Alexander McConochie, farmer, Buteshire, Scotland, aged 30 years. (P.5, Argus,16-9-1858.)


VIEWPOINT. (Crown allotments 4 (1)97 acres and 4 (2) 225 acres,parish of Tullamarine; Melway 5 K12, between Tangmere Ave and Lackenheath Dr.corners and east to Moonee Ponds Creek.)
This property was between Stewarton and Camp Hill. Its owner was Edmund Dunn, who took a stand against the Melbourne Hunt Club as outlined in my journal OH THE FARMERS AND THE HUNTERS SHOULD BE FRIENDS. The first article that I saw about the case did not mention how many acres Edmund was occupying. The following extract from another article shows that he was probably occupying one of the adjoining properties.

Edmund Dunn, who stated,-I am a farmer at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows. I own and occupy about 1,100 acres of land. I devote part of it to agricultural and part to grazing purposes. I
have about seventy acres of wheat, and about 130 acres of oats under crop. At the time of the injury they were in full growth, with every prospect of a good crop. (P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)

Viewpoint consisted of 322 acres according to the parish map. The rest of the land was likely Stewarton(785 acres on the parish map but 777 acres in ratebooks.) 322+777 =1099 was probably Edmund's calculation.

John Cock started leasing Viewpoint in about 1898 about five years after he moved onto Stewarton and a few years later split the lease with OLD Tom Bennett. John Mansfield later bought the southern half and named it Grandview.

37 comment(s), latest 2 years, 4 months ago


Broadmeadows Township,bounded by Hackett St,Kenny St,Lyons St and the Moonee Ponds Creek/Forman St at Melway 6 A7 started to lose its name in 1872 when the failed Essendon private railway was extended through Campbellfield toward Sydney as the North Eastern Railway. The station was named Broadmeadows and the nearby area started to acquire the name so,to avoid confusion the township was referred to as West Broadmeadows, later West Meadows, and is now known as Westmeadows. The suburb has now expanded into former farms such as Chandos, Kia Ora and Willow Bank.

Townships were declared on well-used routes, usually straddling a stream,many circa 1850. The Sydney road passed the Young Queen Inn at John Pascoe Fawkner's Pascoeville, further on turning west to pass through the Broadmeadows Township and climb Ardlie St. As the direct route was too boggy,it was some years before this hilly detour became redundant and the township was a lively place,especially during the rush to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote. Eventually the hill climbing was no longer necessary because Pascoe Vale Rd was made as far as Somerton Rd,probably linking with the new road via Cliffords Rd. Activity at the Young Queen and Broadmeadows Township was no longer so brisk.

Mickleham Rd from Tullamarine Junction to Fawkner St was known as Broadmeadows Road and then Old Broadmeadows Rd as it led to the township. The section of Mickleham Rd that passes the newish Westmeadows Footy Ground was Hackett St,the west boundary of the township, and had never been made until increasingly heavy traffic made the Fawkner/Ardlie St route through the township too slow and dangerous.

During the 1840's depression, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought much land between Camp Rd and Rhodes Pde (south of Glenroy), and north of Broadmeadows Township, from speculators Hughes and Hosking and also land immediately north of the township from another grantee,Gerrard. Donald died in 1864 and his widow, Jessie, sold her share of the "Glenroy" land,east of Pascoe Vale Rd,in 1874 and Duncan sold his Jacana and Glenroy West land to Chapman during the land boom of the 1880's. Jessie probably moved from her residence on Gellibrand Hill in 1866 but retained the Dundonald Estate.

The above website confused Kia Ora with Willow Bank and as history is useless if it is wrong, I felt compelled to clarify the situation.

The homestead on the west side of Ardlie St where the pink place indicator points, was that of Kia Ora , another farm on Donald Kennedy's Dundonald estate. When the estate was split up into tenanted farms, and later sold off in 1929, there was no Mickleham Road between the Fawkner St corner and the top of the Ardlie St hill. Ardlie St was part of the old Sydney road which still bears that name north of Donnybrook Lane. Thus it was that Ardlie St was the boundary between Kia Ora and Willowbank, the latter not having a Moonee Ponds Creek frontage because its southern boundary,where it adjoined Broadmeadows Township, was Kenny St.

The late Jack Hoctor told me that the Kia Ora homestead was east of Mickleham Road and was later used for the office of the caravan park, named as the Melbourne Airport Caravan Village in my 1999 copy of Melway.

The parish of Will Will Rook is between Moonee Ponds Creek and Merri Creek with the northern boundary being the line of Swain St near Gellibrand hill and the southern boundary being Victoria St/Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd near Glenroy. Speculators Hughes and Hosking bought a huge slab of the parish in 1838.

The following memorandum of Sale of Land at Port Phillip, sold at Sydney, has been forwarded to this Office for publication :
(The columns give detail of section number, acreage, name of purchaser and price paid per acre. The digitisation of the price has not been corrected as it is fairly meaningless but all purchasers did well, paying less than half of the upset price of a pound an acre that was later introduced.)

1 174 Hughes & Hosking 9 B; 5 930 Thomas Walker 9 6; 4 856 R. Campbell 9 $; 6 1143 Hughes & Hosking 9 6; 7 880 T. Wills 9 9;
8 964 Hughes & Hosking 8 9; 9 640 Hughes & Hosking 4- 9; 10 959 Salting & Gerrard 9 8 ; 12 1180 Neil Campbell 8 9
18 II5O Hughes & Hosking 8 6; 14 ? 640 R.Campbell 7 9. Lots not sold In this section Nos. 2, 5, 11, I5.
(P.2, The Cornwall Chronicle, 29-9-1838.)

Thomas Wills section 7 became Cumberland and the Campbells had land near Sydney Road; hence the name of Campbellfield. A rough indication of the Hughes and Hosking's land is given by the Melway co-ordinate for the central part of each section.
1. 16 H3; 6. 6 J 12; 8. 5 J2; 9. 6 B2. Sections 1 and 6 were in the area from Rhodes Rde to Camp Rd and fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek. Sections 8 and 9 were north of Broadmeadows Township.

There is no documentation that Hughes and Hosking leased the land but they certainly wouldn't have occupied it themselves. The Camerons probably leased "Glenroy" (which they named) from the two speculators. The depression circa 1843 made sheep almost worthless and most were sent to boiling down works. As sheep were the main reason for owning huge tracts of land, land values also plummeted. Donald Kennedy bought the Hughes and Hosking land for a song, and probably also the Gerrard land adjoining the Broadmeadows Township reserve and south of section 9.

Donald Kennedy split the Glenroy land with his brother, Duncan, who received the Jacana and Glenroy West land fronting the Moonee Ponds Creek. Donald's widow sold her Glenroy land as three farms in 1874. Duncan sold his share to Chapman in the land boom of the 1880's.

Donald Kennedy had a great area of land and he could probably see it all from the impressive homestead that he built on Gellibrand Hill. There is a fine photograph of the house at the historic Woodlands Homestead but sadly all that remains of the Dundonald homestead (and the Cumberland Homestead) are piles of rubble. Andrew Lemon states on page 22 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY that Donald "personally developed the properties Chandos,immediately west of the Broadmeadows township reserve and Dundonald, directly north of Chandos." Why would Donald Kennedy have been leasing Chandos from Riddell or John Peter?

I found no link between Kennedy and Chandos in trove or google searches. Nor Peter and Chandos. Nor Riddell and Chandos.

At least two marriages were performed at Dundonald in 1859 so the house must have been impressive. Donald Kennedy died in 1864 but his widow, Jessie Grace Kennedy seems to have been still living at Dundonald in the 1870's. Her sale of the Glenroy farms in 1874 might have been because she was leaving Dundonald.

20 for Mrs Kennedy, Dundonald (P. 7, Argus, 18-12-1873. Sales of fat lambs.)

KENNEDY.February 1, at Camberwell, near Melbourne,Jessie Grace, widow of the late Donald Kennedy, of Dundonald, Victoria.
(P.1, The Sydney Morning Herald, 12-2-1890.)

By 1876 a tenant on Dundonald had been appointed as a magistrate.
Charles M'Alister Shannon, Dundonald, Broadmeadows; (P.8,Argus, 15-7-1876.) Shannon had been on Dundonald by 1871,either as the manager or lessee. (P.8, Argus, 17-8-1871.)

FARM to LET, Dundonald Estate, Broadmeadows, 2OO acres, immediate possession. Apply to Mr C M'A Shannon, Sydenham house, Moonee Ponds ,or Mr VVm Lynch, Market-square, Collins street vvest, Melbourne. (P.8,Argus, 12-3-1879.)
This 200 acre paddock would be half of Dundonald. If I remember correctly Sydenham House was 1 Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds, housed Sydenham Ladies' College at one stage and was demolished by Rex Iverson to build a modern Ardmillan Reception Centre.

The farms on the estate were Dundonald (400 acres), Kia Ora, Willowbank, Springbank, Wattle Glen and Annette Farm,the last two accessed via Elizabeth St. in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows.) Although not sold by Kennedy descendants until 1929 each farm had gained it own identity by 1880 or so.
e.g. BROADMEADOW S (Tcb 10) -M'Phail Bros. and Co. report having conducted a very successful clearing sale on behalf of Mr W. J Corrigan, Annette Farm, Broadmeadows, of his dairy cattle, (etc.) (P.5, Argus, 24-2-1910.)

WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 27. At Half-past Two O'Clock. At Scott's Hotel, Melbourne.
KIA ORA, Containing About 333 Acres.
WILLOW BANK, Containing About 299 Acres.
WATTLE GROVE, Containing About 195 Acres.
ANNETTE, Containing About 291 Acres.
SPRING BANK, Containing About 301 Acres.
DUNDONALD, Containing About 399 Acres.
Aggregating About 1848 Acres.
Forming a Compact Group, Separated Merely by the Main Road.
Under Instructions from THE TRUSTEES, EXECUTORS, AND AGENCY CO., of 112 Collins Street, Melbourne, in the Estate of Messrs.
D. C. and D. Kennedy, Deceased.
ITiDM'AHD TRENCHARD and Co. and A. E.J GIBSON and Co., auctioneers in conjunction, are instructed to SUBMIT the abovcraentloned
properties for SALE as stated. Each farm Is self-contained and fairly equipped for farm purposes, and situated in the centre of a flout isiiing and rapidly expanding district, actually adj'oining the picturesque township of Broad-meadows; adjacent to the Broadmeadows rallwaj station (which now enjojs through electric train service to Sandringham), connected with tho City of Essendon by motor-'bus sen ice, and within easy distance bf Newmarket and other important metropolitan markets.

The properties have now como on to the market after having been in the undisturbed possession of the Kennedy family for over 60 jcais, owing to the death of the last member of the family.

KIA ORA is an attractive slope of nice qualltj loam, having the Moonee Ponds Clock as its south boundarj', with very comfortable W.B. dwelling and shedding therecm. It is an excellent general farm, all. capable of being cultivated, and has a fine record as a consistent ciop producer,

WILLOW BANK, opposite above, is also a very attractive slope, similar in quality and character to Kia Ora, having a very comfortable W.B. dwelling and shedding thereon. These two farms actually adjoin the Broadmeadows township, and possess great potential features.

WATTLE GROVE is on excellent little mixed farm, occupjinga fine elevated position, traversed by a good gully, and also watered by dams, and having a fair W.B. cottage and sheds thereon. Nearly the whole of this farm could he cultivated.

ANNETTE is one of the best fattening and general farms in the panMi. with rieh, sweet banks and fiats thoreon, specially adapted for dairying. Permanently watered hy 'creek and dams, with U.G. tank for dornest le purposes, M'.B. dwelling house capable of being ti.torcd; also excellent stabling theieon.

SPRING BVNK. on milli road, a vrv cosv mixed farm for daiiving, cultivation, dealing, .Vc, well watered bv dams and watercourse, and having mee groups of icdgiim and box timber thereon. Buildings eompri-e M.B. dwelling, stabling, and j beds.

DUNOON VLD. alo on main road, a nice granii g and cultivation farm, with fair lot of redgum< timber. A conspicuous fealtiro of Dundonald is ' ilellibrand Hill, a beantiiul knoll of considerable altitude, commanding e^pan.ive view of incomparable scenerv. This properlv vvould form a profitable, healths', and refined horne for profe.Ion ii or eily bnsine.s man. Building, comprise roomy M" B. dwelling and minor outbuildings.

The hiicf descriptions given denote that the properties mentioned enn-titute a mot valuable group, and the am tinneer. having an intimate knowledge of the (etc.) (P.2, Argus, 9-11-1929.)

DUNDONALD. This property extended south from Swain St to the south boundary of the Victoria Police Attwood property. It was assessed as 400 acres, and 200 acres after the Commonwealth purchased the police property from Jim Attwood for a remount. During W.W.2, because of a shortage of fuel, horses were used for transport at the army camp near the historic Will Will Rook Cemetery on Camp Rd, and they were spelled on the remount. The Dundonald house (of which there is a photo at the Woodlands Historic Homestead) was the venue for at least two weddings in 1859 but after Donald Kennedy died in 1864,the House, with or without the 400 acres, was advertised for lease. Charles Shannon seems to have been managing the property for Donald's widow Jessie Grace until at least 1873, and may have leased the property on his own account until 1880. The Hatty family leased the property for many years until it was sold to Attwood in 1929; they then moved to Edina further north ( now the Corpus Christi Community at Melway 178 J8.)

In 1917 and 1918, James and John Orr of Kia Ora, Broadmeadows were leasing the residential section of the Moonah Links Golf Course at the back of Rye (Melway 252 D2.) By 1920 the lease had been taken over by Tommy Loft of Greenvale, who shortly after bought Dalkeith (the residential area of Tullamarine west of Broadmeadows Rd. Where had the two Orr boys gone? Let's ask George Lloyd,the author of MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920 TO 1952.

1920.The Orr family is leasing Kia Ora,Willow bank and Annette Farm from the Kennedys. George and Sid Lloyd's father, Bill, arrived from Clyde in 1920 to drive a binder for Jack Orr (Kia Ora) in the harvest and then share farmed with James Orr on the other two farms.
1929. The Kennedy land north of Broadmeadows Township is sold and the Hattys, after 50 years' occupancy of Dundonald, are forced to move to Edina (see above.) The purchasers were Keith Campbell (Willowbank), George Dalley (Springbank), Jack Orr (Kia Ora), Jim Attwood (Dundonald) and Steve Walsh (Annette). George Dalley later sold Springbank to Edward Campbell,a Lord Mayor of Melbourne, (father of Keith) who had a holiday house where some councillors want to change the rules to allow a huge apartment/cafe complex near the Rosebud jetty.

BROADMEADOWS COUNCIL. Mr James Orr has been returned unopposed to fill the extraordinary vacancy in the Broadmeadows
Shire Council caused by the death of Councillor William Shankland. (P.14, Argus, 8-9-1913.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 13 June 1939 p 7 Article
... GYMKHANA AIDS HOSPITAL Picturesque events were held at a gymkhana yesterday on Kia-ora, Broadmeadows, the property of Mrs. A Orr, president of the local, auxiliary to the Queen Victoria Hospital, in aid of the hospital.

A horse gymkhana in aid of the Broadmeadows auxiliary for the Queen Victoria Hospital and the Broadmeadows Red Cross and Comforts Fund was held on Mrs. John Orr's property, Broadmeadows. The committee of the Oaklands Hunt Club assisted the effort from which
a satisfactory profit will result. Among the winning riders in the various hunters' plates and other events were Mrs Ken Moore, Mrs Hickey, and Messrs J.Scott, W. Patten and J Attwood. Mr Campbell Fraser was ground supervisor and Mr. W. Mason judge. They had the assistance of Messrs J. Barrow, J. Attwood and K. Campbell, committee . Miss E. Elliott was secretary, and Mrs. Orr president.
(P.2, Argus, 25-6-1940.) N.B. Jim Barrow had been leasing the part of Gladstone Park/Gardens north of the Lackenheath Drive corner since about 1930.