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On Saturday I had a lovely meal at the Five Flags Hotel in Campbells Creek after my ma-in-law's ashes had been buried at the cemetery. As I drove through Campbells Creek every school day in 1965-6, I have fond memories apart from the time I copped a broken half window in my old FX going up the hill to the Maine.

There wouldn't have been a FRANKLINFORD REPORTER without the assistance of Ron Champion, H.T. at the C.C. school who kindly let me run off copies on his duplicator. On hot days,I didn't care that the water in the swimming pool had been pumped out of the creek by the fire brigade.

The owner of the Five Flags Hotel was very busy but kindly spared a few moments for a chat.The hotel was established in 1854 with the bar near the car park being the original section.

There are some great photos of the "Creek's" heritage items, details of Ray Bradfield's history etc. available on trove. I also found a picture of the Five Flags Hotel.The reason I started this journal is that the history in wikipedia was as pathetic re Campbells Creek as for most other places. Fancy saying that Campbells Creek was named after a creek! Dur! How did the creek get its name?


STATIONS - Bough Yards

The establishment of the Aboriginal Station not only displaced the Jumcra* run, but took a good portion of Mollison's Bough Yards run. Now effectively separated from the Coliban run by Holecombe and the Protectorate Mollison possibly found Bough Yards an imposition.

In 1840 Alex Kennedy (1801 - 1877) had arrived in the Guildford area. He was related to William Campbell. William Campbell and Donald Cameron had arrived on the "Wm Metcalfe" from Invernesshire in late 1838.

Kennedy and his wife Margaret, and five children arrived aboard the "S Boyne" in January 1839. The Kennedys made their way to Clunes where Donald Cameron had set up his run. Kennedy had selected a run near Newstead whist on route to Clunes. By the time he returned, Norman Simson had established the Charlotte Plains run on the site.

Fortunately, William Campbell had purchased the lease for Bough Yards which was adjacent to his run, Strathloddon. Campbell gave Kennedy the remains of the Bough Yards run and the Kennedys established a homestead on the Loddon River. The homestead was named Bowyards.

The Strathloddon run homestead was near Yapeen. The township of Campbell's creek was named after William Campbell.

SOME SNIPPETS. (From The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
Richard Hills, a storekeeper of Campbells Creek, had become insolvent. (P.6, 18-1-1859.)

On the 25th ult., at Campbell's Creek, Mount Alexander, by the Rev. J. Chene, Isabella Will, eldest daughter of William F. Preshaw, Esq., surgeon, to Mr.John Graham, of Belfast, Ireland.(P.4,3-6-1853.) Dr Preshaw was one of Castlemaine's most prominent citizens.

On the 15th inst., by special license, at the residence of Mrs. McLaughlin, Campbell's Creek, by the Rev. James Low, Mr. Robert Moorhead, store-keeper, to Anne, only surviving daughter of the late James McLaughlln, Esq., Kingston, Ireland.(P.4, 20-11-1854.)

DIED. On the 23rd ult., after a short illness, of rheumatic gout, Mr. Thos. Wightman, of the John o'Groat Hotel,Campbell's Creek, Castlemaine, aged 43 years. (P.4,5-3-1857.)

DIED. On the 26th ult., at his residence, Campbell's Creek, Castlemaine, Mr. William Frederick Wheeler, youngest son of the late Daniel Wheeler, Esq., of Chelmsford,Essex, England, aged twenty-six years.
(P.4, 4-14-1857.)


Baron Von Mueller the famed botanist who,if I remember correctly, designed the Castlemaine Botanical Gardens, organised the planting of trees at the Campbell Creek Reserve.
Mount. Alexander Mail (Vic. : 1914 - 1917) Tuesday 2 February 1915 p 2 Article.)

March 2014.
WELSH-ANNEAR.-On the 31st January, 1919, at
"Redbank," Rusden street, Elsternwick, John
Alexander Welsh (late A.I.F.), eldest son of
Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Welsh, Elwood, to Henrietta,
daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Annear,
"Five Flags," Campbell's Creek.

14 comment(s), latest 1 year, 3 months ago


Hay Lonie operated his dairying on a farm owned by James Hearn,15 B Will Will Rook, which fronted Pascoe Vale Rd, so how is it that when the farm was placed on sale in 1868,it was described as being on the old Sydney road?

EXCERPTS FROM THE HAY LONIE JOURNAL.(Only parts of the text have been corrected.)
TUESDAf, MARCH iiHi} esend. Agricultural inil Grazing Fjrni, ATill ff ill Rook, fronting the Old Sydney road ,Between Broadmeadows and Campbellfield 305 Acres Tlrat-elosa Land In tho Trust Estafo ofltho late Mr James Hearn.
M3 ROBERT BYRNE** ia favoured with Instruc. tiona to SELL bj AUCTION, ut his rooina, 2S Collins street east, on Tjesda}, March 24, at twelveo clock noon precise!}, {
That well known dairy and agricultural farm, adjoining Campbellfield, being Allotment B of Section 15 parish of Will Will Rook, containing 305.5 acres lately occupied by H Lonie, Esq.
(P.2, Argus, 16-3-1868.)

*The original Sydney Rd passed the Young Queen Inn at Melway 16 H9,near Bass St,turning left at 6 G9, veering right onto Johnstone (sic) St at 6 C8 (to avoid the creek) and left into Raleigh St, turning right again up the Ardlie St hill and then it was follow your nose (Mickleham Rd)to Wallan. The road is still called Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Rd. This roundabout and very hilly route was necessary because of the Sydney road track being extremely boggy in wet weather. Later Pascoe Vale Road was made to the line of Somerton Rd, which was made toward Sydney Rd between Thorngrove and Cameron's Stony Fields/Roxburgh Park,with travellers possibly veering north east through the middle of the township where the Cliffords and Kernans were pioneers (Cliffords Rd.) Another route was along High St or Plenty Rd which also joined the Sydney road (and the road to the McIvor Diggings) near Wallan. When the direct route was made, the Young Queen and Broadmeadows Township went into limbo and a new Young Queen was built at Coburg.(Melway touring map 510 A10.)

6 comment(s), latest 3 months, 2 weeks ago


I will never forget the first time I saw Hay Lonie's name in a Broadmeadows Shire ratebook. I was having trouble deciphering some of the words because of terrible handwriting, sometimes taking five minutes to establish what a particular letter might be. "What sort of name is Hay?" I thought. It was not until nearly a year later, when I found his name in the Bulla shire ratebook re the assessment for Lochton, that I was reassured that he indeed had the same name as the area's principal crop.

I have included details (obituary, location etc. re Pasture Hill, Camp Hill and Lochton) about Hay in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT and having found the location of his Kilmore property, I decided that a separate journal might allow me to include that and other information I might discover.

Mr' Norman Bowers' Valleyfield estate was one of the very earliest settled farms in Kilmore district. It
is about four miles north-west of the town, with extensive frontages to Pyalong road, which runs through
the property. Some eighty years ago the original place was farmed, and later the home, which was right on
the roadway, was used as a hotel Harvest Home, the proprietor being Mr A. Downs. For a period the spot was a favorite locale for Kilmore picnics, which were numerous about 65 years ago. The property was added to considerably, and subsequently became an extensive dairy farm, conducted by the late Mr Hay Lonie.
About 250 cows were milked on the premises morning and evening, all by hand, and Mr Lonie himself despatched a waggon load of milk by the first train,' at 7 a.m., from Kilmore East, and again in the evening, six days a
week for Melbourne, and also a consignment on Sunday evenings, each trip meaning six miles from and to his farm. After Mr Lonie's death,the Valleyfield property changed hands, and Mr S. Bowers became owner.
(Present & Past WOOL v. MILK Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 24 October 1935 p 4. )

Golden Vein.
On Wednesday Messrs. Osborn and Hudson conducted a clearing out sale on account of Mr. J. H. McIvor at the Golden Vein estate in Moranding, when a large number of sheep, cattle, horses, plant, hay,furniture, and sundries came under the hammer to a big attendance of buyers and onlookers. A good clearance was effected at satisfactory prices.

In the late sixties and early seventies the Golden Vein property of 869 acres was owned by Mr.Laurence Bourke, M.L.A., and about 1872 the holding became the property of Mr. Hay Lonie, of Tullarmarine (sic), and from whom it was rented by Mr James McLeod at 5/- per acre. Fifty-seven cows were milked twice daily, giving an average of two and a half gallons, one gallon of milk making one pound of cheese.

Mr. McLeod introduced the Cheddar system into the district. (Details.....).

During Mr.Bourke's ownership, the Golden Vein was in a slovenly and untidy condition, owing to the fact that Mr.Bourke had to be absent a good deal on Parliamentary business, and the men he employed were careless and
slovenly, and the fences broken down and left there, because the men would not repair them. On the expiry of Mr. McLeod's lease, .Mr.Lonie went on to the farm and worked it for many years; principally in dairying. After Mr. Lonie's death the property was purchased by Mr.R. Fennelly,and leased to Mr.I W. Mclvor, who carried on a high class Ayrshire stud herd for some years. (etc.)
( Golden Vein.Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 16 January 1936 p 2 Article.)

This must be the article mentioned in his obituary (which debunked rumours that Hay had committed suicide.)

Mr Hay Lonie, well known in this district, has been missing since Wednesday, 14th instant. On the evening of that date he left Mr Grace's, South Melbourne, and since that time nothing has been heard of his movements. Much sympathy is felt for Mrs Lonie and family, whose state of anxiety can well be imagined. [Since writing above we learn with much regret that the remains were found in Melbourne yesterday, but up to the present we
have not been able to find further particulars than those conveyed in the following from the Herald of
yesterday :-"About 7 o'clock this morning a boy named William Bell, went to Constable T. Martin, who was on duty on Prince's Bridge, and informed him that the body of a man was floating in the River Yarra a short distance east of the bridge. Martin went to the spot indicated, recovered the body, and conveyed it to the City Morgue. The death has been reported to Dr Youl, and an inquest will be held, probably to-morrow." The remains
will be interred in the Kilmore Cemetery this (Thursday) evening.]
(P.3, Kilmore Free Press, 22-12-1892.)

The reason for this search will be explained later.

1884.October 23- The sudden death of Miss Barbara, oldest daughter of Mr Hay Lonie,and a most amiable girl, took place on 19th instant aged 19 years.
(Early Kilmore. PART LXI.
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 10 June 1915 Edition: MORNING. p 1 Article.)

Not much else turned up except that Hay seems to have been awarded a government contact for the supply of milk while he was milking all those cows on Pasture Hill at Campbellfield.
(THE GAZETTE, P.6,Argus,8-12-1866.)

Oh dear,let's try JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS on google.

No wonder, the above search did not produce clear results; I had the right area but the wrong town!

A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)

Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.

The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.Ah hah, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.

Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.

Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)

Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.

What does Peter Young have to do with the price of fish?

I have a theory that Peter Young influenced Hay Lonie's move to the Kilmore area and may have even been the land agent who handled the sale of Bourke's "Golden Vein" to Hay. Young would have been familiar with the Kilmore area, from very early days as he would pass through it on the way from Sunday Creek to Melbourne. As we all do,he'd return nostagically to his former haunt and perhaps visit relatives at Kilmore; James Young of Tabilk might have been a son (both having agricultural links with Tasmania.) With the eye of an expert agriculturalist and land agent,Peter may have noted the decrepit state of the "Golden Vein" and its potential as a dairy farm, and told Hay while making a nostalgic visit to Nairn at Bulla.

Hay Lonie's "Lochton" was 5a, Bulla, south of "Airey's" (through which Wildwood Rd zig-zags its way almost down to Deep Creek from the St John's Rd junction and which became part of David Patullo's "Craigbank estate)and Hay would have passed Lochton to reach Nairn, which he may have been leasing to McIntosh at the time, (7b-Melway 384 D-E11 and south half E10, and section 8-between St Johns and Oaklands Rds, 384 F-J, part 9-12.)

Born in Cupar, Fife, Scotland on 22 Nov 1842 to Andrew Lonie and Mary Fife. Hay married Jane McGregor and had 4 children. He passed away on 1892 in Melbourne East.
Family Members
Parents: Andrew Lonie 1804-1873; Mary Fife 1809-1877. Spouse(s) Jane McGregor
Children: Barbara Lonie 1865-1884; Mary Fife Lonie 1869-?; Andrew McGregor Lonie 1874-?;
Jean Elizabeth Lonie 1883-?
( Hay Lonie - Profiles and Historical Records -‎)

Hay was a brother of Henry Fife Lonie, one of whose children was William Hay Lonie. Good photos of W.H.Lonie and Henry's wife in:
William Hay Lonie - Profiles and Historical Records -‎

Given Names Hay
Surname / Family Name LONIE
Gender Male
Birth Date 22 NOV 1842
Birth Place Cupar, Fife, Scotland
Death Date 1892
Death Place Melbourne, Victoria, AUSTRALIA

Name at Birth: Hay LONIE
Birth: 22 NOV 1842 - Cupar, Fife, Scotland
Census: 1851 - Cupar, Fife, Scotland
Departure: 1854 - Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Arrival: Aboard the "Black Eagle". 19 OCT 1854 - Melbourne, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
Death: 1892 - Melbourne, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
Gender: Male

As the text in the following item has been corrected, obviously by a family historian, I do not wish to interfere with sales of the book that must be underway. Hay put 313 acres at Kilmore into the name of Henry's wife, Jane (Hay's sister-in-law),to avoid paying tax. The McGregors are mentioned.
(Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 11 October 1883 Edition: MORNING. p 3 Article)

Henry Lonie's wife was Jemima (nee Hall.) Hay had put the 313 acres into the name of his own wife,Jane (nee McGregor.) Henry obviously leased his farm at Kilmore to his cheese-making in-laws until he moved north.The text has not been corrected so I will post the following.

Sir,-In your issue of the 11th inst. you gave a report in re Land Tax case wherein there appears to be a slight error in having used the name of "Henry" instead of "Hay." It should have been "Jane Lonie wife of Hay Lonie" not of "Henry Lonie," and the mistake is attributable to a clerical error for which you are not accountable.-.You will greatly oblige Mr Hay Lonie and myself by kindly giving this publication.
Yours faithfully, ALEX. GRANT.59 Temple Court, Melbourne, 23rd October, 1883.
(P.3,Kilmore Free Press, 25-10-1883.)

Family Notices
Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954) Thursday 23 October 1884 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Family Notices
... DEATH. LONIE.-On the 19th instant, suddenly, Barbara, daughter of Mr Hay Lonie, Valley field, aged 19 years.

The following won't be found online apart from here. It comes from a general rundown on Tullamarine and surrounds circa 1860 on page 11 of my TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT (1998.) The source for this excerpt has to be the Broadmeadows rate book of 1863.

Hay Lonie is renting land at Campbellfield with Brunton (possibly the flour miller and later owner of Roxburgh Park.) Not long after,he buys Camp Hill (16 B2) and Lochton (177 C4) to conduct his dairying.

Hay might have had outlets for his milk in Fitzroy and Hotham (North Melbourne.)
J ANTED, a good MILKER and DRIVER Apply Lonie s dalry, opposite Fltzroj Market.(P.1, Argus, 24-10-1867.)

If you think the digitisation above is bad, try this.
I've corrected the relevant bits. (REMEMBER TO SEARCH THORNGROVE)

TUESDAf, MARCH iiHi} esend. Agricultural inil Grazing Fjrni, ATill ff ill Rook, fronting the Old Sydney road *,Between Broadmeadows and Campbellfield 305 Acres Tlrat-elosa Land In tho Trust Estafo ofltho late Mr James Hearn.
M3 ROBERT BYRNE** ia favoured with Instruc. tiona to SELL bj AUCTION, ut his rooina, 2S Collins street east, on Tjesda}, March 24, at twelveo clock noon precise!}, {
That well known dairy and agricultural farm, adjoining Campbellfield, being Allotment B of Section 15 parish of Will Will Rook, containing 305.5 acres lately occupied by H Lonie, Esq.
(P.2, Argus, 16-3-1868.)

*The original Sydney Rd passed the Young Queen Inn at Melway 16 H9,near Bass St,turning left at 6 G9, veering right onto Johnstone (sic) St at 6 C8 (to avoid the creek) and left into Raleigh St, turning right again up the Ardlie St hill and then it was follow your nose (Mickleham Rd)to Wallan. The road is still called Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Rd. This roundabout and very hilly route was necessary because of the Sydney road track being extremely boggy in wet weather. Later Pascoe Vale Road was made to the line of Somerton Rd, which was made toward Sydney Rd between Thorngrove and Cameron's Stony Fields/Roxburgh Park,with travellers possibly veering north east through the middle of the township where the Cliffords and Kernans were pioneers (Cliffords Rd.) Another route was along High St or Plenty Rd which also joined the Sydney road (and the road to the McIvor Diggings) near Wallan. When the direct route was made, the Young Queen and Broadmeadows Township went into limbo and a new Young Queen was built at Coburg.(Melway touring map 510 A10.)

**James Hearn owned much land at Mt Martha, as did Robert Byrne.

Messrs. Campbell and Sons, Kirk's Bazaar, report having sold, on account of Messrs. W. C. Hearn andThomas Wragge, trustees in the estate of the late James Hearn, their farm, situate at Somerton, and known as the Thorngrove Farm, and containing 338 acres. Mr. John Hearn was the purchaser, at a satisfactory price.
(P.5,Argus, 18-2-1892.)

I thought I knew the location of the farm on which Hay Lonie had been dairying prior to the 1868 advertisement. Big Clarke died at Roseneath in Woodland St, the residence of James Hearn, whom Lenore Frost said (in her book about Essendon's historic houses), was his son-in-law. Having done extensive research about the farms on Somerton Rd, I presumed Hay had been on Thorngrove (Melway 179 G-J9-11) but that was 4J of the parish of Yuroke and consisted of 338 acres.

The Will Will Rook map is also available online and it shows the 305 acres 2 roods 22 perches, 15B, Will Will Rook, described in the 1868 advertisement. Like Thorngrove,it had been granted to W.J.T. (Big) Clarke.

Crown allotment 15B, Will Will Rook, is indicated by Melway - I apologise for the delay. Before I could transpose this on my Melway, I had to plot the Yuroke/Will Will Rook boundary on maps 178,179, 6 and 7. As there is no road along the boundary,I had to start at Swain St (198 H12) and continue east through Dench's Lane
178 J-K12)so that my line met Merri Creek at exactly the same place as shown on the parish map,which it did. The parish boundary meets Merri Creek at the point where the Hume Freeway crosses the creek,which is also the north west corner of the Lalor Golf Course. (If you manage to transpose parish and crown allotment boundaries properly, there are always indications that you are right.)

The parish boundary is also the northern boundary of 15B, Will Will Rook. The corner of Berringa Court (6 J1) is at the north east corner and the boundary passes through the Kyabram St/Flynn Crescent corner ending at the top of 7 C2, 40 metres west of the Upfield railway line.

The southern boundary of 15B is Barry Rd,named after the pioneering family that lived on "Glenbarry".
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 24 April 1856 p 4 Family Notices
Campbellfield, Mr. William Barry, aged fifty-six years etc.
Garrett Barry married an Angel!

The western boundary of the 305.3875 acres is the original course of Pascoe Vale Rd,just west of the railway and the Barry Rd railway bridge. The eastern boundary is indicated by the line of King St (as it crosses Barry Rd) continued to meet (not quite) the Upfield line; if continued it would meet the western boundary of the Ford land just over the railway line (one of those welcome confirmations of accuracy I was talking about.)


Was it at the west end of Canning St, Avondale Heights (Melway 27 B8) or at the end of North Rd (27 B5)?
Does information about the Solomons help?

3 Settling on the land
3.1 Squatters
By the time Hoddle made his map of Cut-Paw-Paw, he could mark the location of one squatter's
station in the parish of Cut-Paw-Paw. This was 'Mr Solomon's Station', on the south side of the
Maribyrnong River where the Medway Golf Club is now located. Another station belonging to
Mr Solomon is on the same map, but outside of Cut-Paw-Paw parish, on the north side of the
river in what is now East Keilor(8) . Squatters did not own their land. At first they held their
acreage under pastoral licenses. After 1847 they were able to lease land from the Crown for 14
years at a time, with the option of purchasing part of it when the lease had expired. Joseph
Solomon was the licensee of a run in Cut-Paw-Paw, which he held from 1836 to 1849. Michael
Solomon is said to have also been the licensee of a run at Solomon's Ford, 'Keilor' between 1835
and 1841(9). Eventually Judah Solomon purchased the land on which the golf course now stands(10).
It is said that the first clubhouse used by the Medway Golf Club was a relic of the 1850s,
belonging either to Judah Solomon or William Alison Blair who purchased the property from
Solomon in 1858(11).
8 See map Sydney C10, Parish of Cut-Paw-Paw, Hoddle, 1840
9 R.V. Billis and A.S.Kenyon, Pastoral Pioneers of Port Phillip, 1974: 142
10 Jones, 1983: 54Environmental History City of Maribyrnong
Jill Barnard Graeme Butler Francine Gilfedder & Gary Vines, 2000: Volume 2: 6
Maribyrnong Heritage Review Volume 2 Environmental History City ...‎)

That does little to help us decide because Joseph and Judah were near the site of Braybrook Township and Michael was near North Rd.

In a book entitled SOLOMON'S FORD, Valentine Jones presented a strong case for the ford at the west end of Canning St, and convinced me, so that I have written many times that the Canning St ford was Solomon's ford. Now I think I was wrong because of three words: TO SOLOMON'S FORD.

But firstly,let's see what Graeme, Gary and Co.say about the Canning St ford.

Ironically, the site most easily identifiable with the first white people to enter the area, the ford across the Maribyrnong found by Grimes and his party on the Maribyrnong in 1803, is said to be a fish trap and ford created by Woi-wurrung people.

The (Grimes) party rowed as far as some rocks that later became known as Solomon's Ford and were situated on the Maribyrnong just south of the western end of what is today called Canning Street, at the boundary of the Cities of Maribyrnong, Brimbank and Moonee Valley. Unable to get the boat across the rocks, they left it
and moved further up the river until they found that the salt water gave way to fresh.

The second excerpt shows that eminent historians placed their money on the same horse as I had. However the words in bold type bring us to the Township of Braybrook map. This township, like Keilor and Broadmeadows (now Westmeadows) was placed on a well-used route and straddled a stream. Braybrook Township was in the parish of Doutta Galla north of the river, and Cut Cut Paw to the south. The Canning St ford was on North Braybrook Township where Michael and Mary Clancy were granted land bounded by the river, Canning St, roughly Langham St,and Duke St. This ford could only be accessed through Clancy land. (Township map in Valentine Jones's book.)

Township of Braybrook - National Library of Australia‎
Victoria. Surveyor General's Office. Township of Braybrook [cartographic material] 1855. MAP NK 2456/265.

(A second Braybrook Township map is identical online,except that it was signed by assistant surveyor James Reid on 5-1-1855 and shows a dotted line from the south leading to the Rhonda St ford.)

The 1-5-1855 township map,prepared for the early sale of lots with only some parts having been subdivided, shows that Avondale Heights' Raglan St continued south to the river meeting Lacy St on the other side;perhaps a bridge was intended there. Canning St only went as far west as Raglan St but the present west end was called North St and ran between Brown St and the river. There was no ford at Melway 27 B8! Brown St continued to the river following the course of today's Woodbury Court,and the last two sections of Brentwood Drive, to the line of Rhonda Drive which led to a ford! (Melway,27 C9.)Despite the Rhonda St ford (there in 1855), the river is labelled salt water to about the line of Butler St with fresh water written on the part of the river in 27 B8. This accords with what Grimes and Co. found (Unable to get the boat across the rocks, they left it and moved further up the river until they found that the salt water gave way to fresh. The water in 27 B8 (just south of the west end of Canning St) was labelled "fresh" so it must have been the Rhonda St ford that stopped Grimes' party.

The Clancy ford must have been made by Michael to get to his other land in the Shire of Braybrook,for his children to get to Braybrook State School or so he could maintain contact with other members of his family on the other side of the river.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1878 p 2 Advertising.
Maidstone, 17th October, 1878..
IN accordance with Clause 265 of the Local Government Act 1874, the following Valuation of the Rateable Property in the Shire is published for the information of the parties rated.WILLIAM PULLAR.
Clancy, Michael, Hampstead nett annual value 2 pounds.

The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 10 January 1885 p 3 Article
... slaughtering licenses were granted:-R. Clancy, Braybrook;

Mr. Clancy offered to maintain the Braybrook ford, on the Keilor boundary, for 10 per annum.
(The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 May 1880 p 2 Article)

From Clancy and Porter wanting Errol street, Braybrook cleared -Deferred for the attendance of the Eastern
Riding councillors. (Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 8 December 1894 p 3 Article.)
You will remember that Errol St led to the Rhonda St ford via the riverside road.

The most startling piece of evidence in regard to Solomon's Ford is in the same map. On the west side of the river a road (JUST WEST OF BURKE ST) heads north from Raleigh St (now Cranwell St)to a point level with Clarendon Street (the northern boundary of the township) where it is labelled TO SOLOMON'S FORD. This would seem to be heading to the end of North St. but just to be sure, the Cut Cut Paw map was consulted.

Digital Collections - Maps - Cut Paw Paw, County of Bourke ...‎

This 1884 map seems to indicate that it was Burke St that headed north to Solomon's Ford from Raleigh St but it now extends south to High St (Western Highway.)After approaching close to the river opposite Clancy's it curved around the bend opposite Canning St and having reached the northern boundary of the township (eastern extension of Somers St), the road made a bee-line for Melway 27 C6 to cross SOLOMON'S FORD and link with the North Road ramp near the western boundary of today's Thompson St Reserve.

Although the Doutta Galla part of Braybrook Township is not shown, a fine line is apparent on a wider section
of the river where the 1855 (and 1803) Rhonda St ford would be,linking to a riverside road that is now a walking track,and from which could be accessed Errol St, leading to the Braybrook State School. I had never thought about where the Clancy, Munro etc. children from North Braybrook Township went to school but now it's painfully obvious.

The surveyors in 1855 and 1884 were in no doubt where Solomon's ford was but Clancy's Ford seemed to have been called Solomon's ford at times.
About 2 o'clock a.m. on Friday morning the look-out man at the Melbourne station gave the alarm of a fire at Braybrook. The local and Footscray brigades were soon on the ground, but as no water was available the premises were consumed. The locality was near Solomon's Ford on the Saltwater River, but at some distance up to the hill. The house was one of four rooms, built of wood, owned by P. Clancy, but let to Mr.Pridham*,butcher. It was not known whether any insurance was on the building or contents.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 17 April 1897 p 9 Article.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 12 August 1870 p 4 Article
The body of the boy Clancy, who was drowned in the Saltwater River on Saturday last whilst crossing near Solomon's Ford, along with a man named Morris, was recovered

Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 9 July 1910 p 1 Article
(The Braybrook shire had sent either a cheque or bill)for part cost of repairing Clancy's Ford and pointing out that it was an excellent piece of work and likely to require little maintenance in future. Cr Dodd thought the culvert had been put in higher than the old one and that the water at Solomon's Ford had thereby been raised and made less useful.

The Dodds and Delahey's would have known which ford was the right Solomon's Ford. What he meant (badly paraphrased by the reporter) is that if the water dammed up too much at Clancy's ford, Solomon's ford upstream would be covered with water, making the ford less useful,not the water.

Michael Clancys evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgeralds* properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancys 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victims crops. Derham had Clancys lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.

(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine, south of McIntyres Riversdale.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKennas closer settlement farm.(P.45, EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)

SOLOMON. - On the 25th April, at his residence, No. 3 Moffatt street, South Yarra, Joseph Solomon, late of Solomon's Ford, Braybrook, aged seventy-one years. A colonist of fifty-two years.

NOTICE is hereby given that, the Public Pound at Footscray, in the County of Bourke, will be removed from
its present site to Braybrook, near Solomon's Ford in the said County, and that the same shall be henceforth called the Braybrook Pound. By order of the Bench of Magistrates, ROBERT CADDEN, Clerk Petty Sessions,County Bourke. Police Office,Melbourne, March 27th, 1849.(P.1, Argus, 3-4-1849.)

The 1855 Township of Braybrook map shows "Pound Yards" near the bottom right hand corner of Melway 27 D9. This indicates that the ford that stopped the progress of Grimes' boat, where the water was still salty, (at the south end of today's Rhonda St), was the ORIGINAL SOLOMON'S FORD and the one used by early squatters.

John Dempster, aged 15 years, was accidentally drowned at Solomon's Ford, in the Saltwater River, at Braybrook yesterday. He was bathing with other lads about 4 o'clock when he suddenly sank, and the water being muddy it was a quarter of an hour before the body was found. Every means WAS used for restoring (inlnintion?), and Dr. M'Carthy was quickly on the spot, but all efforts at resuscitation proved futile. (P.6, Argus, 21-1-1897.)

("John Dempster, Drowned" search on trove.)
- On the 6th April (suddenly), at his residence, "Edinburgh," Northumberland Rd., Sunshine, ex-Cr.William Robert Dempster, J.P., the dearly beloved husband of Florence Marion Dempster, the devoted father of John (dec.),William (ex-A.I.F.), Henry, 'Martin (dec.), Mavis, Archie (dec.),Flora, Bert (A.I.F.), the devoted
foster-father of Ron (A.I.F.), Harold (A.I.F.), age 60 years on the 14th April.(P.4,Sunshine Advocate, 13-4-1945.)

("Dr McCarthy, Footscray" search on trove.)
Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 29 July 1916 p 3 Article Illustrated.
Footscray and district lost one the worthiest of its citizens, this week when Dr. Chas. L. McCarthy passed away at his residence, Paisley street, Footscray,etc.

A trove search for "Dr McCarthy, Keilor" and "Dr McCarthy, James McIntyre", which produced no real results, indicates that John Dempster drowned at the ford between Rhonda and Errol St rather than the one at North Rd.
(It may also have been Clancy's ford.)

Messrs. Dodd and Derham, members of the Braybrook Road District, as a deputation from that board, requested the co-operation of the Keilor Board in erecting a bridge over the Saltwater River, at Solomon's Ford, on the
boundary line between both districts. The cost was estimated at 170. After some discussion on tho matter, its further consideration was postponed until tho 9th prox.(P.5, Argus, 29-1-1867.) Cr Dodd of Keilor Shire chaired the meeting. The Cr Dodd of Braybrook was certainly a member of the same family and was probably farming land near Ballarat Rd in the parish of Maribyrnong granted to Mary Delahey.

A bridge eh! If it was built, some relics of timber piles might be found,proving which of the three fords was being called Solomon's ford in 1867.

I just noticed a photo at the right of the newspaper result:1976, English, Photograph edition:
Solomon's Ford, end of Canning St, Avondale Heights [picture].Collins, John T., 1907-2001, (photographer.)
Solomon's Ford, end of Canning St, Avondale Heights. It shows a surface on the top of the rocks at Clancy's ford that appears to be concrete. It clearly shows the zig-zag ramp (like the one at Bertram's ford, Arundel Rd.)

As I was ready to resume but trove wasn't, I had a sudden thought; what does Braybrook mean? The meaning of Bray seems to have no connection with the naming of the locality and then I thought of Robbie Burns' song about the banks and braes of Bonnie Doon. Brae means "a hill, especially along a river". The river, being tidal, would be little more than a brook at low tide during the drier weather.

Three squatters who probably used the original ford at Braybrook were all Scottish; George Russell and his brother,Phillip born at Fife , Niel Black in Argyleshire and John Aitken also being a Scot. One of these three, or a fellow Scot, may have coined the name.

50 Creek.95 In 1839 James Patrick Main, who was transporting ...‎(i.e. Moonee Valley Thematic Environmental History.)
PAGE 80.
Establishing Victorias dairy industry
While the Moonee Valley area was not a well-known dairying district, in the nineteenth century many farmers would have kept at least a small herd for milking. An early dairy farm in the Moonee Valley area was located at what is now Avondale Heights in 1871. The First Class Agricultural and Dairy Farm of 282 acres was located near Solomons Ford, with a frontage to the Saltwater River.216
(216 Heritage Alliance, City of Moonee Valley Gap Heritage Study Vol. 1, p. 21 .)

This dairy farm (1871)had to be near Avondale Heights and Solomon's Ford and have a river frontage. Even without looking, I knew where it was! It was crown allotment C of section 9, parish of Doutta Galla,consisting of 281 acres 3 roods 0 perches (281.75 acres.) This was bounded by North Road and the ramp leading down to Solomon's Ford, a northern boundary indicated by the east-west part of Thackeray Quadrant,Riverview Street and a continuation north to include Weyburn Place houses, and on the south by Medfield Avenue and a continuation west (just north of Clarendon Street)to the river, forming the southern boundary of the present Thompson St. Reserve. This dairy farm adjoined North Braybrook Township!

([Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla - National Library of ...‎
Victoria. Dept. of Crown Lands and Survey. [Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla [cartographic material] 1860 - 1880. MAP RM 2741/90.)

The vendor of this dairy farm,(whose location and acreage fulfil all the requirements noted above)like George Dodd's family would have known exactly where Solomon's Ford was. Even if it was not the original ford, the North Rd ford was certainly known (by those who knew, not reporters) as Solomon's Ford by 1871. Crs Dodd (of Braybrook and Keilor Shires) and their colleagues were discussing building a bridge here in 1867 (see above.)

N.B. The vendor of the dairy farm, Crs. Dodd and the surveyors (Braybrook Township 1855 and Cut Cut Paw parish
1884)are united in agreement about the site of Solomon's ford,that is, the west end of North St.

I still can't access trove, but will try to find the advertisement* later. Crown allotment 9B of 222 acres, between the dairy farm and Buckley St was granted to,and partitioned by, Davis, Robinson and O'Neil who are discussed in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT.

I stated previously that surveyors made few mistakes but the chap who drew the above Doutta Galla map was guilty of one (John Hall's "Southwaite") and I've discovered another on the same map. He shows Maribyrnong west of Doutta Galla near the North St ford, but seems to be unaware that Cut Cut Paw separates the parish of Maribynong from the river at the line of McIntyre Rd (extended north to the river.) This is where Bruce Rd ran north to link with North Rd via Solomon's ford.

For Absolute Sale at on Early Day.
282 Acres, Parish of Doutta Galla,
Nine Miles from Melbourne, Large Frontage to Saltwater River. To New Arrivals, Agriculturists, Investors of Capital,and Others.
GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. have received instructions from the proprietor to SELL by AUCTION, at their rooms, 40 Collins-street west, on an early day, unless previously disposed of privately, A capital agricultural and dairy farm of about 282 acres of excellent land, in the parish of Doutta Galla, having a large frontage to the
Saltwater River, and distant only nine miles from Melbourne.
The Improvements consist of comfortable bluestone cottage, &c, two enclosed cultivation paddocks.
The farm adjoins the properties of Messrs. Dodds and Delahay#. (P.2, Argus, 22-3-1871.)

#The intermarried Dodd and Delahey families received the grants for all of Brimbank Park south of the entrance or transmission towers as well as much of 11A, between there and North Pole Rd. Young John Dodd later owned the northern part (Keilor Binn Farm)which his wife (nee Goudie)insisted should be called "Brimbank".



3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 10 months ago



Can you help me, we are at the moment cataloguing photos given to us by the Wells Family of Derril Road, where the Butter factory used to be.

Leslie Moorhead says in her book that the house there when Keith Wells lived there was Penbank but we have photos showing that the name of the property was Bungower Park.

The property was originally owned by Keiths grandfather Bob Marriott and in the Electoral Rolls the property is sometimes called Shandon

XXX, would appreciate your help if you do know anything about the property or any extra on the Butter factory.

The Marriotts owned two properties or used two names for the same property. Shirley Walter (nee Bourne, grand daughter of Peter White, who lived at the east end of White's Lane-renamed Range Rd during W.W.2) gave the location of Shandon as the south east corner of Three Chain (Moorooduc) Rd and Bungower Rd. It is possible that Shandon also fronted Derril Rd; Shirley was focussing on Three Chain Rd as we discussed the residents and farms she recalled. Robert Marriott's son and executor, Robert, (of Bungower Park) was described in the legal notice re application for probate of the will of Robert Marriott (of Shandon.)

As far as I know there was only one Penbank in the parish of Moorooduc. This was crown allotment 5 of section A, consisting of 266 acres, granted to A.McKay and later purchased with money that Edward Jones of Spring Farm earned with his carpentry skills during a short stay in Adelaide. Penbank was at the south east corner of Moorooduc and Mornington-Tyabb, extending south about 586 metres and west to Derril Rd where the store was built at Jones' Corner.

The Spring Farm Heritage Study done for Mornington Peninsula Shire confused Penbank with Spring Farm, which was Edward Jones' residence and was in the parish of Bittern, as was Criccieth, a third Jones property. I alerted Simon Lloyd of the facts during the time I was writing THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC ( a copy of which your group should have. It has an index.)

Shirley Walters (the female drover) and David Shepherd (descendant of Edward Jones and a fountain of Moorooduc history, who with his brother relocated the historic Shepherd "Perfection Nursery" from Somerville to the Moorooduc Rd frontage of Penbank, and gave the Penbank School its name) should be able to help you.

Hope you don't mind me using our conversation as an itellya journal, minus our personal details, of course.

Mornington Butter Factory Picnic.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 8 March 1900 Edition: MORNING. p 3 Article
... Mornington `Butter - Factory Picnic. This annual event came off most successfully on Wednesday last at the property of Mr E. Jones "Penbank" opposite the Moorooduc State School. The day gave promise of extreme warmth which kept some who would otherwise have been there from being present, ...

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 8 May 1953 p 10 Advertising
... ROBERT HILL MARRIOTT, Late of Shandon, Moorooduc In the State of Victoria Farmer Deceased - After fourteen clear days Robert John Marrott of Bungower Park Moorooduc

Leslie Moorhead's mistake was probably caused by Penbank being the habitual venue for the butter factory sports. Almost every trove result for Penbank involves the sports.


Civil Aviation Historical Society President Roger Meyer OAM has announced the appointment of Dr Arun Chandu BDSc, MBBS(Hons), MDSc, FDSRCS(Eng), FRACDS(OMS) as the inaugural Research Fellow at the CAHS & Airways Museum. Mr Meyer said, The CAHS archives are a collection of national importance and the position of Research Fellow has been created to recognise individuals conducting research into a specific topic in the history of civil aviation using the Societys archives as a principal reference source. Dr Chandu is currently working on a PhD thesis on the Planning History of the Tullamarine Airport (Melbourne Airport), 1920 to 1970.
(Aviation Business: The Week in Brief 14 February 2013.)

I have been helping Arun with his thesis for what seems like a decade although it's probably only two years. Arun will be speaking at the next meeting of the Aviation Historical Society,to be held at Melbourne Airport.

Civil Aviation Historical Society/Airways Museum contacts:
Telephone: (03) 9374 3905 or +61 3 9374 3905 (international)
Email: [email protected]
Postal address: Box 6, 20 English St, Essendon Airport, Victoria 3041
President: Roger Meyer. Ph: (03) 9818 4950 (h)
'Webmaster': Phil Vabre or (03) 9432 9287 (h)

Much of the material raising Aaron's queries concern anecdotes I compiled in 1989 and almost all of my informants are now dead.

Anecdotes such as these.
Wally Mansfield, whose father, Walter, built a house due north of David Mansfields 1870 house in Mansfield Rd, just Metres north of the Western end of the E-W runway, recalls his fathers prophetic words upon seeing the first plane land on Gowrie Park, Theres an omen for the future, son, therell be an aerodrome there one day. Lets hope that the beautiful forest within the airport grounds, preserved by the Mansfields of Allas and the Clarks of Glenara is not decimated by airport expansion: as well as providing a home for a huge herd of Kangaroos, it is living proof that not every European settler found it necessary to denude the landscape.

An aeroplane race from the Essendon Airport to the Inverness Hotel in the 1930s resulted in a huge fire when a plane crashed, bringing down power lines. Wild Johnny Gilligan, who was renowned for riding his horse up the stairs of the Inverness Hotel, died on 4th December, 1936 when jumping his horse over a fence in which the top rail had been replaced without his knowledge. His more sedate brother, Jim, was offered a joy flight on 15th August, 1938 but not being a daring young man he refused the offer and was tragically killed in a jinker accident on the way home from the Inverness.
It was Harry Heaps who told me about the plane crash and fire.

Q.Got another one for you.

Do you remember where you got this from?

'An aeroplane race from the Essendon Airport to the Inverness Hotel in the 1930s resulted in a huge fire when a plane crashed, bringing down power lines." Cant find anything about it on trove. I am assuming it was the aero club's race.

A.(I found several articles about plane crashes at Tulla in the 30's, but no fire. Details included in case they might be useful.)

POSTSCRIPT- Harry Heaps told me about the plane crash and fire and although his memory was in better condition than his health, he may have associated the fire with the wrong crash; perhaps it was a car crash that caused the fire.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 9 November 1936 p 11 Article
... CAR OVERTURNS AND BURSTS INTO FLAMES Seven Persons Injured Seven occupants of a motor-car were injured Jiucd when the car overturned as its driver swerved Mvctved to avoid a collision ollision on the Bulla road at Tullamarine last even- ing I hey note liri belt Jackson aged 11 years of Lennox ...

(Just in case,I tried the 1940's but in vain. Refusing to give up, I tried the 1920's. By the way,FIRE, AEROPLANE/AIRCRAFT, CRASH, TULLAMARINE hadn't worked so I was searching CRASH, TULLAMARINE.)

The majority of the report is on page 7 and a photo and caption on page 8. Remembering the St John's airfield was near the northern boundary of Essendon Aerodrome (16 C/D7) a description of the south east corner of "Dalkeith"(west cnr of Broady and Sharps Rds as in map) as west of the airport is fairly close to correct. Harry was only about a year out re the "1930's".

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 27 December 1928 p 8 Article Illustrated
... Queensland, to begin H. Ward, of Collins street, North Essendon, and (right) H. Olden, of Tullamarine, who witnessed the crash from an adjoining field where they were working. They were unable to approach

(Harry Heaps came to Tullamarine in 1923 as a twelve year old,his family settling as pig farmers on Wallis Wright's old Sunny- side in Wright St near the Moonee Ponds Creek and east of Harry Nash's Fairview. Young Harry,a nuggety rover, helped to plant the pines around Noah Holland's old 6 acres south of Handlen's house,which The Tullamarine Progress Association acquired and donated to the Broadmeadows Shire at the suggestion of Alec Rasmussen, and is now the Tullamarine Reserve. When he married he moved to a block now occupied by Strathconnan Square where he changed to poultry farming.

It's just as well that I had a video camera when I interviewed Harry because he had a story a minute. When a juicy one came up,he'd preface it with, "I shouldn't say this, but..." I remember giving the family a copy of the interview.They'd still be chuckling at the bit when Olive walked in and announced to the camera,"Would you like a cup of tea?" Good old Harry and Olive!

Olive Alice Emily Heaps (nee Robinson) 1918 - 2006
Date of Death:Monday August 28, 2006
Funeral Date:Friday September 1, 2006
Location:Cordell Chapel
Fawkner Crematorium
1187 Sydney Road
Other Information
No flowers by request, if desired, donations may be made to the Anti- Cancer Council in Olive's Memory- Envelopes available..

Final Resting Place
Fawkner Crematorium and Memorial Park, 1187 Sydney Road, Fawkner, Victoria, Australia.
Family Shrub 28, in the R. J. Cooper Gardens, on New Lawn Bvd, with her husband Harry Heaps.

A Life Well Lived
Heaps (nee Robinson)
12. 6. 1918- 28. 8. 2006
late of Murchison, Victoria, formerly of Tullamarine, Melbourne, peacefully at Murchison Community Care.
Loving wife, Mum and Grandma, dearly loved by her husband Harry (dec), her children and partners Glenda, and John and Jenny; her grandchildren and great grandchildren.

Vale, Harry and Olive!

1888 geography with the Melbourne Hunt: WEST ESSENDON, NIDDRIE, TULLAMARINE, STRATHMORE, VIC., AUST.


@@ 1888 @@
Later this year the Oaklands Hunt was formed and showed more respect for farmers than the Melbourne Hunt which had tended to trample crops and scare ewes so badly that they stopped lambing,such as at Edmund E.Dunn's "Viewpoint". I hope "Dunn v Waldock" a couple of decades earlier had improved the Melbourne mob's attitude.

The Melbourne- Hounds met at Essendon last Saturday and one of the best runs ever enjoyed by the members of the hunt ensued.There was a large gathering-quite 100 horsemen at starting-and a line of country was chosen that could not be surpassed. The throw off was at Tweedside, about half a mile from the railway station, and the course taken was over Mar Lodge Estate, through Budesbach into the late Mr James Wilson's property, across the Keilor road into Niddrie, along the back of Spring park through Sharpe's, Crotty's and Williamson's into Allandale, up by Tullamarine, over the Bulla road into Mr Dewar's property, in an easterly direction across the Broadmeadows- road into Mr Dunn's property, along through Messrs Lonie's, Hall's, Kernan's and Peck's
up to Mr Napier's, into Woodlands street, Essendon, where the hounds were stopped after a run of 14 miles, that would have delighted the heart of any true sportsman. (P.9, Argus,11-6-1888.)

TWEEDSIDE. (top half of Melway 28 E4.)
The land between the McCracken St houses and Lincoln Rd had been granted to James Watson, who was responsible for the names of Flemington, Keilor, Watsonia and Rosanna. The grant was subdivided into fairly large parcels, intended for farming, quite early. Tulip Wright,native of Lincolnshire,early top cop in Melbourne and Bulla pioneer built the Lincolnshire Arms Hotel on the site of Watson's woolshed.

Thomas Smith seems to have owned Tweedside in 1876 and Joseph Snowball was the occupant in 1886 when some of his cattle were stolen. Michael Willis Ferguson,who opposed butcher,Andrew Swan in Essendon ward in 1887 and whose child was born at Tweedside in 1888 was almost certainly the owner of Tweedside at the time of the hunt; Ferguson later became insolvent.
FERGUSON. On the 29th? ult., at Tweedside, Essendon, Mrs. M. W. Ferguson of a daughter. (P.1, Argus, 1-9-1888.)

This stretched from Mr Alexander road (Keilor Rd) to Braybrook road (Buckley St), including McCracken St houses and extending east to the Roberts/Hedderwick St midline, where it adjoined Butzbach.
It was granted to James Robertson of Upper Keilor. On his death,ownership passed to his bachelor son, parliamentarian, Francis, who died at Mar Lodge. Then the McCracken brothers owned it,leasing it to others and establishing a golf course there. A week or so after the hunt they sold Mar Lodge to speculator and Prahran councillor, G.W.Taylor,who had purchased huge tracts of land but was soon insolvent.

North Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1873 - 1894) Saturday 30 June 1888 p 2 Article. Mr. G. W. Taylor has purchased 'Mar Lodge,' Essendon, from Messrs McCracken and Co.

Granted to William Hoffman and stretching east from Hoffmans Rd halfway to Lincoln Rd, this also had frontages to Keilor Rd and Buckley St with an extremely long driveway leading to the homestead from the latter. Alexander Earle McCracken, brother of Robert and Peter, was probably its first occupant and erected its first buildings. He chaired a meeting in 1856 but must have returned to Scotland soon after.
WEST BOURKE-On Wednesday evening the electors of West Bourke met at the Essendon Hotel, to receive Mr. Wilkie, one of the candidates to represent the district. Mr. A.E. McCracken in the chair.
(P.5, Argus, 15-8-1856.)

By 1867,Hoffman was living at Butzbach. Thomas Smith has been mentioned as an early resident at Tweedside.
SMITH-HOFFMAN.-On the 7th inst., at Butzbach, Essendon, by the Rev. J. S. Boyd, Thomas Smith, Esq., to Louisa Ann, only daughter of Wm. Hoffman, Esq. (P.4, Argus, 12-3-1867.)
By 1887,Hoffman had died and his widow was living in Ascot Vale when she passed away,having left Butzbach a few years earlier.
FRIDAY, APRIL 27 Preliminary Notice Of the Very Important Sale of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Buggy, Phaeton, Farming Implements Horse, Two Milch Cows, Verandah Chalis?, Dairy Utensils, Stack of tindish? Grass Hay, etc.
By Order of Mrs Hoffman, Butzbach, ESSENDON, in Consequence of Her Removal from the District.
(P.2, Argus, 16-4-1883.)

HOFFMANN.On the 28th ult., at May-villa, Moonee street, Ascotvale, Elizabeth, widow of the late
William Hoffmann, Butzbach, Essendon. (P.1,Argus, 1-3-1887.)

It is likely that the Croft family had bought the house block prior to the clearing sale in 1883. The farm was being subdivided for housing. The Butzback house block was near Croft St and the dogleg in Price St. The Croft family almost certainly witnessed the hunt.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 3 November 1886 p 1 Family Notices
CROFT - On the 19th ult, at Butzbach, Essendon, the wife of T. J. Croft of a son.

J.P.Main was granted crown allotment 12, bounded by Buckley St, a line heading magnetic north from the Rachelle Rd corner,an eastern extension of Clarks Rd,and Hoffmans Rd. Full details of its subdivision are in my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA, a copy of which has been provided to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society. It is possible that Main was an early squatter like the Fosters near Tullamarine (lease for "Leslie Park" in 1840); none of their grants are labelled as pre-emptive rights. The road to Mt Macedon (Mt Alexander Rd) crossed the Moonee Moonee Ponds near the present Flemington Bridge Station and the original bridge was built by a member of the Main family.

James Wilson purchased Springbank on 9-8-1855. It was bounded by Steele Creek,the eastern extension of the line of Clarks Rd, Hoffmans Rd and extended south to the end of Albert St, south of Ida St. James was destined not to witness this hunt because he died in 1887 about four months after his second son died at only 26 years of age.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 4 April 1887 p 1 Family Notices
... On the 2nd inst., at his father's residence, Springbank, Essendon, Edward James, dearly beloved second son of James Wilson, aged 26 years.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 19 July 1889 p 1 Family Notices
WILSON. -In sad and loving remembrance of our dear father, James Wilson, who departed this life 19th July, 1887, at Springbank, Essendon.

Under Instructions from Messrs. George Robinson and Charles Joseph Taylor, Executors in the Estate of the Late Mr. James Wilson, of Essendon, Deceased.
The whole of the Freehold Property Comprised in the Well-known and Beautiful Block of Land Known as
SPRINGBANK, DOUTTA GALLA. Immediately Adjoining the Property of the Late Wm. Hoffman, Esq., which is situated in Buckley-street West, Essendon. AREA, 178 a. 3r. 39p.,etc. (P.2, Argus,24-5-1888.)

James Anderson was the son of William Anderson,a very early pioneer of Keilor. He may have been already on Springbank* when the hunt rode through the property. He farmed it well into the 1900's by which time the area was known as Buckley Park. He later retired to Braeside, a smaller farm north of Church St at Keilor. His son, Don had an Apricot orchard on Horseshoe Bend which was quite a landmark for many years. Don's house is now the Horseshoe Bend park office. Don's son Peter lived in Church St and provided much historical information to me.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 12 August 1895 p 2 Article
Mr James Anderson, of Spring-bank Farm. A POLL will therefore be

By 1900, Steele Creek seemed to have been known as Anderson's Creek.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 3 September 1900 p 7 Article)

Mr. James Anderson, of Braeside, Keilor, will celebrate his 94th birthday to-day. He is a well-known identity in Keilor, and is a regular attendant at the Newmarket sales of dairy cattle on Fridays. He was born in Fifeshlre, Scotland, in 1847, and arrived in Australia with his parents in 1854.
(P.4, Argus,26-3-1941.)

*There's only so much folklore that can be passed on by word of mouth without some being forgotten. Peter Anderson did not tell me about "Shelton". I found this when looking for details of William Anderson's death near Keilor bridge.
ANDERSON- On the 10th inst., at her son's residence,
Shelton Farm, Keilor, Catherine, relict of the late William Anderson of Keilor, aged 87 years.
(P.1, Argus, 12-9-1892.)

My wife worked at Michael Hurst's Ardmillan House reception Centre, and knowing about Peter McCracken's "Ardmillan" mansion, my curiosity led to the writing of a history about Ardmillan Rd. John Beale had a house called Shelton and Catherine Anderson lived in a house on the south side at the bottom of the hill that later became the second private school in the street run by Miss Morris. Dorothy Fullarton,ex-Mayor of Essendon,and a neighbour told me of inkwells found near the filled-in well, confirming my suspicion that the property, now containing two dwellings, had become the school.

The land west of Main's Estate, between Rachelle Rd and North Pole road (Milleara Rd)was granted to John Pascoe Fawkner and the small blocks went to his co-op. members. As in all of Fawkner's co-op.purchases these blocks were consolidated into larger farms. Dr (Crook?)had a sanatorium*, John Duhey had many blocks, Sandy Smith of Norwood (established by Isaac Davis across Buckley St) and later Coilsfield (Essendon Hospital site) bought a couple of blocks, but most of 11B, Doutta Galla became John Beale's "Shelton Farm",which probably absorbed the sanatorium but not John Duhey's land. My Melway shows that Shelton occupied all of 11B Doutta Galla, whose northern boundary was Clarks Rd, apart from the area between Milleara Rd and Quinn Grove (Search 7607.) John Duhey owned the area including all house blocks in The Crossway, Mues St and Chandler St (seemingly Volume 2 folio 307 which would indicate an early 1850's purchase.)

(* I first read about the sanatorium in one of Keilor's 3 centenary souvenirs, most likely the 1960 one. I have written elsewhere in this journal how the areas near Keilor Rd andTullamarine were both known as "Springs" and the predictable confusion was solved by calling the former "Springfield". )

BROMPTON LODGE, Springfield -SANATORIUM for the CURE of CONSUMPTION, Rheumatism, Gout, and Dipsomania. Home for Delicate and Convalescent Patients; visiting Medical Officers- W.Crooke, M R C S Eng. , T Hewlett, M H C S
England, Resident Physician-S. Hunt, MD,M R C S England.
The object of this Institution is to demonstrate that a very large proportion of cases of the diseases above
named, diseases which defy ordinary medical treatment, can be cured when that treatment is supplemented by an approved course of dietetic and physical management administered under favourable hygienic influences.Terms moderate, and governed by the requirements of the patients. Apply by letter to W. CROOKE, surgeon Brunswick street, Fitzroy, or personally at his consulting rooms, 10 to 12 a.m. and 6 to 8 p.m.
(P.8, Argus, 17-10-1867.)

Tho half-yearly meeting of the members of the Victorian Permanent Property Investment and Building Society was held last night...advances which had been made to Mr. Crooke on his property known as the Sanatorium. From the replies of the president and secretary, it appeared that 4,000 had been advanced, and that Mr. Crooke had made repayments at the rate of 42 per fortnight for four or five months, in all about 400. The society had sold a portion of the property for 1,350, and....Though he could not tell what loss might accrue, he believed it would amount to nothing, and he might say that a person was now in treaty for the purchase of the property.
(P.4, Argus, 23-3-1871.)

The Melbourne Hunt crossed Shelton in 1893 passing over Milleara Rd into Dodd's (Pavilion Estate with cricket street names) and Delahey's (Brimbank Park south of the entrance.)The throw off at Moonee Ponds was probably at THOMAS MILLAR'S "Ringwood".
The meet was at Flemington racecourse gates,and, after proceeding along Epsom road until reaching the Maribyrnong road, the throw off took place between that and Aberfeldie, and proceeded through the estate of that name towards Budesbach. Crossing Buckley street, and inclining to the left they crossed Spring Creek and entered Mr Beale's property, and from thence crossed the North Pole road into Dodd's paddock,with Keilor Cemetery on the right, and entering Mr W.Delahey's property they arrived at Mc'Intyre's ford.(P.15, Argus, 8-7-1893.)

I have a feeling that John Beale was first listed as an Ardmillan Rd resident in the directory in 1892. His Shelton Farm homestead may have been on Main's Estate between Steele Creek and Rachelle Rd, John Beale having, on 1-6-1865, purchased lot 8 (east from Rachelle Rd including Craig St) and I distinctly remember that James Anderson was rated on 50 acres, section 12 in a Keilor rate book,separate from "Springbank".

HANG ON! I can access early landowners. Here's a bit about John Beale.
John Beale called his farm Shelton and when he moved into No 18 (now 24) Ardmillan Rd. in 1890, he gave the same name to the house. John Beales twin daughters, Rachel and Rebecca, died of Diptheria on 3-10-1859; I wonder if there is any connection with the naming of Rachelle Rd. His two surviving children married members of the Dutton family, which farmed at Glenroy and Meadow Heights where a school was named after
Bethal Dutton. John Beale Snr. died in 1906 and his son in 1916, after which the Ardmillan Rd. house passed to the latters son in law, Loftus Henry Moran (hopefully not an ancestor of the UNDERBELLY mob!)

And the Sanatorium.
Dr William Crookes Brompton Lodge operated from 1868 until 1872 at which time John Beale bought another 12 blocks from him. (Keilor Pioneers; Dead Men do tell Tales.)

And James Anderson's dad,plus more about the Andersons.
Blacksmith, William Anderson was killed in an accident near the toll gate at the Keilor bridge (Brees 1854 bridge) on 25-2-1862, leaving his wife Catherine (nee Clark) and children, Janet, Catherine, Margaret, Alex. and James. The widow was Keilors midwife for thirty years until dying in September 1892. The daughter named after her seems to have been a pioneer of Ardmillan Rd from 1877 until 1894 (at old No.81, now 65 and 65A and from March 1909 Miss Morriss Blinkbonnie Ladies College), when she probably moved back into her late mothers Keilor residence. James worked at many occupations including that of shearer, was an overseer at Arundel in 1868, and in 1882 bought a butchers shop in Keilor. When that was sold, he and his wife (Annie Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart) went to a farm on North Pole Rd (50 acres in section 12 on the west side of Spring Gully) and afterwards to Springbank.
A press report of the Oakland Hunt Clubs meet of 20-5-1899 says that the quarry was chased around Pinnacle Hill to a slaughterhouse, then east to Andersons well-kept farm etc. James later, some time after 1930, moved to a farm called Braeside (the 30 acres in Keilor containing Meehan Ct, Watson Rise, Fleming Ct and Tan Ct), where he died on 2-6-1943 at 96. His son Don bought a part of William ONeils Horseshoe Bend Farm in 1937 and his orchard became a feature for those descending down Curleys Hill into Keilor. Dons son, Peter, married a daughter of the Hendersons from Tullamarine and still lives across Church St from his grandfathers Braeside land.
In 1900 James Anderson was farming Springbank of 179 acres and 214 acres (probably Sinclairs Farm of 114 acres and two farms of about 50 acres each fronting the north side of Rose Hill Rd. He also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Road (Coxs Farm, lot 10 of section 12). He later owned Braeside on the hill overlooking Church St. and Green Gully Rd. at Keilor.
I had wrongly thought that John Duhey had died in a road accident; it was John Curry who died following a fall on Keilor Rd. in 1862, when his horse was frightened by camels returning from the search for Burke and Wills.
John Duhy (Duhay on the 1890 map and Duhey in 1868 rates) was a batchelor and died in Buckley St. on 14-4-1890.

John Pascoe Fawkner received the grant for what is now called Hadfield. It was known as Box Forest and its present name honours Cr Rupert Hadfield of the Shire of Broadmeadows. Strangely nearby land not connected with Fawkner assumed his name. The same thing happened in regard to Niddrie. The name crept south to the Keilor Rd shopping centre and then further south to include Main's Estate, mainly east of Steeles Creek, but the quarry on the other side (originally the Cox and Collier farms), was known as the Niddrie Quarry. It was probably a case of "squeeze over, squeezebox",circa W.W.2 because the need for factories to supply components for aircraft led to "Airport West" being coined. Strangely,it was only in recent years that this name was made official. The area known as Airport West crept south but the Primary and High Schools retained the name of Niddrie.

The farm known as "Niddrie" was granted to Thomas Napier, better known for his association with the Strathmore area. It was bounded by Keilor Rd,Treadwell Rd and the Grange Rd/Bowes Ave midline and included Fraser St building blocks. The north east corner was just north of Nomad Rd.
Henry Stevenson owned "Niddrie" for many years and would have been there when the hunt took place.

The wikipedia page for Niddrie has much valuable information.
Between 1843 and 1851, the Scottish settler, Thomas Napier (18021881) purchased the Keilor Road land covering Niddrie and Airport West. In 1869, Napier sold this 249-acre (1.01 km2) land to Henry Stevenson (18101893). By 1871, Stevenson had built a house he named Niddrie, after his birthplace of Niddrie, a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland. After his death in 1893 the property was transferred to his wife Elizabeth who sold it to Patrick Morgan eight years later.[2] Though not officially registered as a suburb until 26 May 1994 the Keilor Council initiated this in 1955. [3] A Keilor East Post Office opened on 1 July 1947 and was renamed Niddrie around 1956. The Niddrie North office opened in 1960, though it was known as Airport West from 1974 until 1982.[4]

My journal about Airport West has information about the Morgans.
Treadwell Rd (now Treadwell St and Nomad Rd), the eastern boundary of "Niddrie" is on the same line as Hoffmans Rd,the eastern boundary of Springbank but despite the hunt report,after exiting "Springbank", between 210 and 450 metres of riding would have been necessary to cross 17C, Doutta Galla, before going over Keilor Rd into "Niddrie".

Spring Park (17A, Doutta Galla) was granted to spirit mechants, Patrick Phelan and Owen Connor, the latter also receiving the grant to Keilor Binn Farm, which later became John Dodd's Brimbank Farm and was the original part of Brimbank Park.They over-extended and both farms were lost as detailed in Angela Evans' KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES. Owen returned to Ireland and sent a letter to the court (written in an Irish accent)which is included in Angela's book and hilarious.(At least I tink it was!) Patrick's parliamentary career was most likely ended by his insolvency. If I remember correctly,Patrick's daughter Sarah,married William Connor and they lived on Springfield, the farm west of Spring Farm, which Phelan put in trust for Sarah.

Phelan, Patrick
Born 1 November 1815 (Raheen, Queen's County) Died 31 October 1898.
Parents: Patrick and Bridget, nee Delaney Marriage: c.1850 Keilor, Ellen Connor; several children
Occupation: Farmer and businessman Religion: Catholic
Career: A farmer in Ireland; arrived Port Phillip 1841 and by 1856 had agric., commercial and mining interests; was a farmer at Spring Park, Keilor, and a member of the Keilor district road board; partner, Connor, Phelan & Company Melbourne in 1850s and a director Colonial Bank of Aust. 1856-1858?
House Electorate Start * End *
MLA West Bourke November 1856 January 1860 Election declared void
Other seats contested: W. Bourke 1864, N. Melbourne 1864

Spring Park went west from Niddrie's west boundary to the boundary between the A.J.Davis Reserve and the Niddrie primary and high schools. The hunt probably rode through Melway 15 J7, and H6 to reach Sharpe's (sic.)

I no longer have my transcriptions of rate records,but it's a fair bet that the McNamara brothers (after whom the major road was named) were occupying Spring Park when this hunt took place. I think I remember Rupert Percy Steele being assessed on a property in the vicinity at about that time but I can't remember if it was Spring Park.The last occupier of Spring Park before it was subdivided was William Johnson (Glendewar will be dealt with later.)
JOHNSON. On the 28th September 1913 at "Glendewar," Tullamarine, James Alexander, the dearly loved third son of Mrs. W. and the late William Johnson, late of "Spring Park," Essendon aged 39 years.

After writing TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT for the 1998 Back to Tulla,I was asked to speak to a group from the area south of Keilor Rd and decided to focus on that area's history. This led to my EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA which involved months of title searches. As a result my 1999 Melway has transposed title office information from Sharps Rd, Tullamarine to W.S.Cox's Kensington Park racecourse.

As mentioned earlier, William and John Foster were given a lease of a run called "Leslie Park" in 1840. It obviously straddled Sharps Rd and Section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla (fronting Sharps Rd west of the Broadmeadows Rd corner) must have been their pre-emptive right in each parish. They obviously called both square miles "Springs" and this name was used,confusingly, to describe the location of the Lady of the Lake hotel, just south of the Derby St corner at Tullamarine,and residents south of Keilor Rd such as Laverty. This confusion was overcome by calling the latter area "Springfield". In about 1860, Maurice Crotty, who had been working at the Brannigan's St John's Hill (Melway 384 K5) started leasing all or part of 21 Doutta Galla. Before long, his wife (nee McCormack)wrote that somebody had bought part of their farm "The Springs".

This was James Sharp. Volume 176 folio 786 shows that James Sharp had purchased 133 acres. The eastern boundary was a southern continuation of Broadmeadows Rd, and the western boundary was just west of Allied Drive. James Sharp would definitely have been on Hillside when the hunt took place.
SHARP. On the 6th December, at his late residence, "Hillside," Tullamarine, James Sharp, beloved husband of Mary Sharp, aged 87 years. A colonist of 63 years. (P.1,Argus, 7-12-1916.)
Mary died at Hillside in 1920. (P.1, Argus, 8-4-1920.)

For many years before their deaths, James and Mary occupied only the house and homestead block of 8 acres with such as P.R.Johnson leasing the rest of the farm. Thomas Nash was leasing Hillside in 1892-3.
Clearing Sale at Tullamarine.
On 13th February, McPhail. Anderson and Co. held a successful farm sale at Hillside. Tullamarine, on account of Mr. P.R.Johnson, which property he has been leasing for some time--all his buildings,farming plant; etc., being dispersed at satisfactory rates. (P.2,Flemington Spectator, 22-2-1917.)

Hillside was occupied by a succession of lessees. Michael Reddan was there in 1928 when the Albion-Jacana railway line was being built and Joe Crotty told me that Michael's hay harvest was so prolific that one could hardly drive between the sheaves.

Joe Thomas became the owner of Hillside in about 1943 and rebuilt the homestead, using the stone from Sharp's kitchen as pillars for the entry gates. His farm, which he renamed "Carinya Park" became the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club for many decades. Joe used to run film nights at the farm to raise funds for the community. In the 1970's hay band donated by Mrs Thomas helped the Kindergarten Association's financial gold mine paper drives. My plans would have not been successful without the hay band, Noel Grist's truck and a fantastic band of volunteers.

The name of Barrie Rd honours Joe's son who died very young.
Master Barrie Raymond Thomas.
Deepest sympathy is extended to Mr. and Mrs. S. Thomas, Sharps' Rd.Tullamarine, in the tragic loss of their youngest son, Barrie Raymond, who passed away on Sunday last at the age of 4 years 7 months, after a short illness. Mr. and Mrs. J. E.Brown, Phoenix St., Sunshine, and Mr. and Mrs. B. A. Thomas, Rockbank, are the grandparents of the little boy who was the 5th generation of the Opie family of Deer Park.
At the Royal Melbourne Show, Barrie won a prize with his Shetland pony, and at the funeral on Tuesday, the pony (with the riding boots reversed in the stirrups) led the cortege through the Footscray Cemetery gates. The jockey cap and the whip were buried with their owner.
Five mourning coaches and a floral car with 56 wreaths, were in the funeral procession, which left his parents' home. Rev. Cohn, Broadmeadows C. of E., officiated at the services and Walter. A. Warne had charge of arrangements.
Pall-bearers were: Mr. Cox, Mr.Bruce Daly (Sunshine), Mr. Dempster (Moonee Ponds), Mr. Frank Thomas (Rockbank), Mr Jack Yates, Mr. Ron Parkinson, Mr. Alan Cook(Sunshine) and Mr. Jack Doyle.
(P.1, Sunshine Advocate, 21-11-1947.)

Joe had enlarged the homestead but it was not big enough for the 21st birthday party of Cecil Thomas where guest ate a birthday cake fit for a Queen.
Her cakes are in demand for Christmas and birthdays.Last year she made twelve lOin. cakes (one specially de-
corated, the others for cutting) for the 21st birthday party of Cecil Thomas, of "Carinya Park," Tullamarine-a party for 512 people at Moonee Ponds Town Hall.(Bake the cake the Queen will taste
The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) Wednesday 6 March 1963 p 5 Article Illustrated)

CROTTY (Broomfield.)
Maurice Crotty's arrival on "The Springs" has been mentioned in relation to James Sharp. The Fosters may have planted Cape Broom as boundaries on their grants. There was a Cape Broom hedge in front of the Lady of the Lake hotel at Tullamarine through which young Minnie and Catherine O'Nial watched Robert O'Hara Burke's expedition straggle by on its way to the second camp site by the lagoon south of the Inverness Hotel. The 33 acre farm, which included the site of the burnt out hotel, leased by my great grandfather, John Cock, from Beaman (who married the girls' mother after the death of their father) became known as "Broombank". Ray Loft, who married Maggie Millar (after whom Millar Rd was named) leased Broombank for many years and wanted to buy it, but Catherine and Minnie refused to sell so he had to wait until they died in the 1930's.

Broom covered much of the old Crotty farm when I ran through TWENTIETH CENTURY CITY with my mate,Graeme,in the 1970,so it is no surprise that Maurice Crotty named his portion of The Springs as Broomfield. After the death of Maurice, his sons took over the tedious task of milking twice a day. James Crotty's son, Joe, told me that there was no sadness when the farm was sold after a century of dairy farming because it was such hard work. Forfeited part payments circa 1890 from the Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Co. had made life more comfortable,paying for the building of a new homestead on the site of the Honda motor cycle riding school. Tullamarine Park Rd became the main through road on Broombank when TWENTIETH CENTURY CITY became an industrial estate.

There is no doubt that the Crotty family saw the hunt thunder by. My great Uncle, Alf Cock was one of Jim Crotty's pall bearers.
Sunshine Advocate (Vic. : 1924 - 1954) Friday 26 July 1929 p 7 Article
... OLD TULLAMARINE RESIDENT DIES. Mr. James Crotty, one of the oldest of native-born residents, died at his home, "Broomfield," Tullamarine, on Sunday last

Before moving on to WILLIAMSON'S, I must mention that "and a line of country was chosen that could not be surpassed" had me puzzled. The hounds were undeterred if they could not see the quarry, so instead of using a hare or fox (or Deer at Deer Park) a trail of scent could be laid by dragging a corpse. However "throw off" would seem to refer to a live quarry so it seems strange to imply that the route was chosen by a member of the hunt. (Postscript. The 1900 hunt report that mentioned Anderson's Creek started with "a throw off" not far from where this 1888 hunt started and stated that "the game" swam the river.)

ROUTE SO FAR.(Part in bold type is an amendment made when I discovered that Williamson's was "Fairfield".)
Tweedside (Melway 28 E4); probably west nor' west through Mar Lodge Estate (28 D3) and Budesbach (28 BC2)veering north through James Wilson's (28 A1, 16 A12), across the Keilor road into Niddrie heading north west (16A9, to cross the creek (bike track)near the north end of Ridge Crescent), and along the back of [Spring park (15 J7 to North/Thomas St corner), west through Sharpe's (15 H5, crossing Spring Creek at the Airport Drive bridge),and north through Crotty's (15 F 5 to 15 F3.) After crossing Sharps Rd into George Williamson Jnr's leased 400 acre "Fairfield" fronting that road west of the Broadmeadows Rd corner,the quarry must have veered west into Annandale and perhaps followed Steele Creek to its source at about Melway 5 C12.

From there a run due north of 2 kilometres,passing through J.P.Fawkner's subdivision of section 7 Tullamarine would take the quarry to another type of quarry (now the Cleanaway tip,most of which is in the north east corner of "Dewar's".) Turning south east to avoid the pit from which Keilor Shire's favoured road metal (Dewar's) came, and crossing William Love's triangular paddock containing the eastern sixth of the Cleanaway tip (5 E7),and smaller paddocks south of Charles Nash's "Fairview" (5 F/G8),the quarry would have followed the line of Derby St between J.C.Riddell and Hamilton's "Hamilton Terrace" (between Derby St and Melrose Drive) and "Chandos", then crossing the north east corner of "Broombank" (Boyse Court),and the later Junction Estate (Andlon, Londrew, Northedge) associated with the Junction Hotel, finally entering Edmond Dunn's 337 acre "Viewpoint" at a point south of Scampton Cres. Scampering parallel with Melrose Drive,the terrified creature would have passed through Lonie's "Camp Hill",and east sou' easterly through John Hall's (later Jack Howse's "South Wait", now Strathmore Heights to the east end of Caravelle and Tasman.)It probably kept to the south east bank of the Moonee Ponds Creek passing through St John's,firstly through Henry Stevenson's paddock and then Robert McDougall's*.(*See below.) It then cut south past Peck's Lebanon (Wendora St,built 1882) and John Kernan's (probably near Loeman St) before crossing the line of Glenbervie/Uplands Rd into Napier's 100 acres.
N.B. There is no way Kernan could have had land north of Peck who added the northernmost 12 acres of 15 Doutta Galla to Lebanon without paying for a lease or purchase.(Google "strathmore, 12 acres, sir john franklin".)

* Harry Peck refers to Harry Stevenson and Robert McDougall as being neighbours in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. This seems strange because "Niddrie" and "Arundel" are miles apart but they did have neighbouring paddocks in Strathmore North.(Google "strathmore, stevenson, mcdougall, shorthorns".)

Oh dear!
The Annual Ordinary ELECTION for the above will be held on Thursday the 6th day of August, 1889, to elect a COUNCILLOR in the room of Mr Malcolm Ritchie, who retires by rotation but is eligible for re-election ; and I hereby appoint Tuesday, the 30th day of July 1889 as the nomination day, and also appoint Monday, the 29th day of July,1889, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. for nomination papers and deposits to be delivered to Mr. E. Bonfield, my deputy, at the Courthouse, Keilor.
GEORGE WILLIAMSON, Returning Officer. Fairfield, July 23, 1889.
(P.7, Argus, 24-7-1889.)

I had Williamson (in my mind,for a very good reason) occupying Leslie Bank, and I WAS WRONG! George Williamson seems to have been a lessee of farms rather than the owner. See below.

WILLIAMSON, -On the 14th inst., at his residence,
Camp Hill, Tullamarine, George Williamson, aged 53 years. (P.1, Argus, 15-10-1892.)

Had George Williamson or his father been on Leslie Bank in 1888. The answer is no. His father was dead by 1883 when his mother died at Fairfield,the residence of George and his brother.

WILLIAMSON - On the 19th inst, at the residence of her sons, G and A Williamson, Fairfield Farm, Tullamarine, Margaret Johnston, relict of the late George Williamson, Melbourne, aged 66 years.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 20 September 1883 p 1 Family Notices.)

Thus it was Fairfield that the hunt passed through in 1888, but I will explain why I connected the Williamsons with Leslie Bank. Section 20 Doutta Galla between Keilor Park Drive (formerly Fosters Rd) and the river, from the line of Sharps Rd to the line of Spence St, Keilor Park, was granted to John Foster. John and his older brother, William,both had Leslie as given names, thus the name of their 1840 run lease (which was cancelled before the ten years expired) and "Leslie Banks". When John was returning home, the Delaheys bought it and leased it to such as William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend. James Harrick later owned or leased it (I forget which.)
It was later subdivided and the Moonya dairy was established by Claude Butler in 1941.

By 1943, the Crottys were leasing 217 acres from the Williamsons (whose homestead was on the site of the playground near the tennis courts at Melway 15 D5.) The land owned by the Williamsons is now the Keilor Park Recreation Reserve.

William Foster's grants passed to his brother John who lived on 21 Doutta Galla in the GOVERNOR'S HOUSE, such name coined by the Crotty family; John and the son of Merino breeder, John Macarthur, acted as Governor for short periods between the retirement of Latrobe and the arrival of Hotham. Glen, a Crotty descendant, told me the site of the Governor's house (Melway 15 F6) and on examination I found remnants of 140 year old rose bushes there and lady of the lake lilies in the creek.

Section 3 Tullamarine was north of the part of Sharps Rd west of Broadmeadows Rd. It went north to Post Office Lane (indicated by the northern boundary of Trade Park opposite the Derby St corner.) Its north east corner is where the Freight Rd/Londrew Court midline meets Mickleham Rd opposite Lackenheath Drive (the boundary between Stewarton/Gladstone and Viewpoint.) East of Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive)were the 6 acre Lady of the Lake hotel block (Millar Rd/Boyse Court) later added to the 27 acre Broombank (Tadstan Drive area),the junction hotel site (711 service station,formerly Mobil garage and before that Cec and Lily Green's store and petrol station after Tommy Loft had the Junction hotel closed) and its associated paddock (later the junction Estate, later the Butterworths' farmlet and Doris Rorke's block adjoining her Bulla Rd block, now Northedge and Andlon and
Londrew Courts.)

Unable to access my titles information, I was uncertain whether the parts of Section 3, other than the Kilburns' Fairview had been sold by Foster or Kilburn, I searched for a court case that I knew was on trove. I had not been able to correct the digitised text on trove, and that still being the case, I will correct it in the journal. It shows that David William O'Nial must have been leasing from Foster and that it was Foster who sold off the various portions (through an agent, having returned home.) David died "On the 4th inst., at his residence, at the Lady of the Lake, Springs, Mount Macedon Road, aged 38 years.," (P.4, Argus, 6-1-1853),and an application was made "that letters of Administration of all and singular the goods, chattels, rights and credits of the said David William O'Nial, may be granted unto Ellen O'Nial, the widow of the said David William O'Nial.((P.8, Argus, 25-3-1853.) Ellen married Richard Beaman who became stepfather to Catherine and Kitty, who seven years later watched Burke's expedition through Broombank's hedge. The girls soon had a baby brother: 23rd inst, at the Lady of the Lake, the wife of Mr. Richard Beaman, of a son.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 26 May 1855 p 4 Family Notices.)

LICENSES RENEWED. D. W. O'Nial, Lady of the Lake, Springs (P.2, Melbourne Argus, 23-4-1847.)

Mr. Higinbotham for the plaintiff; Mr.Wood for the defendant.
An action on a bill of exchange. The defendant pleaded a failure of consideration. The plaintiff was John V. F. Leslie Foster,Esq. and the defendant was the landlord of the Lady of the Lake public-house, on the Deep Creek-road. In January 1855, the plaintiff agreed, through Mr. John Mackenzie, to sell to defendant a piece of land of about thirty-six acres, near the public-house. The defendant wished to buy half for his children and half for himself, and it was eventually sold in this way-half to the trustees of defendant's children, and half to the defendant. |

The trustees paid for their half, and the defendant took possession of that portion of the land, which formed half of a paddock, of which his own purchase formed the other half. The terms were to be bills at twelve and twenty-four months' date;possession of the land to be given to defendant within ten days from the signing of the agreement to buy, and tho conveyance to be completed on the bills being paid. At the time of the purchase, one Agnew was in possession of one part of tho paddock-having a stack of hay upon it; and on one occasion when tho defendant went to ask for possession Agnew was not there to give any answer to the application. The de-
fendant's case was that he had never been let into possession, and he gave evidence to that effect. For the plaintiff, it was proved that defendant had been present on the occasion when Agnew's hut was pulled down, and Agnew proved that the defendant had given him permission to take a small portion of the materials away. This was the only distinct act of exercise of ownership proved, but it was shown that defendant's horse used to graze all over the paddock, as well over the half which was purchased for the children as over the other, which was not fenced off in any way. Plaintiff also proved that in the course of a conversation he had with
defendant, the latter admitted he had not thought of refusing payment of the bill on the ground of not being let into possession until after it became due and he found himself unable to meet it. Plaintiff then told him he could have two or three years more time to pay the bill, if he only got a good name to it, or gave security.
His Honor told the jury that if at any time before the bill became due, the defendant took possession of any portion of the premises, it did not matter whether it was a profitable possession or not, the plaintiff must recover, as the defendant would then have failed to make out his plea.
The jury found that the defendant had possession on the 28rd March, 1855; and then
gave damages to the plaintiff 565 1s. 10d.,including interest on the bill.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 August 1856 p 5 Article.)

The part of Section 3 north of the Janus St, Catherine Ave midline was sold in small blocks fronting the south side of Post Office Lane and Bulla Rd to Ann Parr, John Wright, Charles Nash, George Mounsey, and John F.Blanche, most (perhaps all) being staunch Methodists. Charles Nash also bought 109.5 acres including Catherine Ave, Phelan Court, Burvale Court, International Square and airport land to Melway 5 E parts 11, 12. He called this farm "Bayview".In the mid 1900's the farm was owned by Campbell and then John Denham.

The land south of the Catherine Avenue/Janus St midline comprised 400 (or 404) acres. This was purchased by the kilburns, grantees of land along Keilor Rd who also owned land at Strathmore. They called the farm Fairfield but probably leased it to locals mainly. Basket Davey Milburn of Keilor, Victoria's pioneer of irrigation, seems to have been assessed on Fairfield in Keilor Shire's first available rate record of 1868*. (*The oldest ratebook found in the strongroom while I transcribed rates in 1988-9.)

As explained previously, George Williamson and his brother,A.Williamson, would have been on Fairfield when the hunt crossed Sharps Rd from Broomfield and then veered west into Annandale at about Melway 5 D1.

Fairfield was later bought by James Harrick, (perhaps when the current Williamson lease finished)who sold it as two 200 acre farms. In about 1910, the eastern half was sold to George Mansfield who built the "Dalkeith" Homestead, later occupied by Dawes, Baker, Loft, Dawson and Hurren. I was told the homestead was on the west corner of Dalkeith Avenue but a photo taken from the top of the Drive-in screen circa 1960 indicates that it was nearer to the Dawson St corner. Dalkeith which went west to include the Fisher Grove house blocks was later owned by Tommy Loft who convened the 1924 meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed and subdivided the Eumarella and Gordon St area; Gordon Loft was the son of Tommy's son,Ray. Dawson St is named after Leslie King Dawson who was on Dalkeith by 1943. Percy Hurren,storekeeper and postmaster at Jones Corner at Moorooduc in 1950 was on Dalkeith in 1951 and soon joined the progress association.

LOFT - (nee Maggie Millar).-On the 1st February, at Sister Davies Private hospital, Scott street,Essendon. to Mr. and Mr.Ray Loft, Wahroonga, Tullamarine --a son ( Gordon Raymond).
(P.13, Argus, 9-2-1929.)

Wahroonga would be 3 Eumarella St, a Californian Bungalow, which I hope has not been demolished. Joe Crotty lived here after Broombank was sold and in the 1970's, Ben Hall,descendant of the bushranger, lived here with his Cobb and Co. coach and running a period clothing hire business before continuing same from the residence (demolished now)of the Henderson's old post office on the north corner of Henderson Rd.

The western half,to the end of Sharps Rd, and now airport land, was for some time Michael Reddan's "Brightview". Michael also farmed Hillside and Seafield (on the east side of McNabs Rd and south side of Grants Lane with the proposed future e-w runway being its southern boundary.) Michael managed Aucholzie (across McNabs Rd) for Gilbertson the butcher while farming Seafield.

The Doyles moved onto Brightview prior to 1943. Their son and my uncle, Alf Cock junior were the only residents whose names were added to the Tullamarine war memorial after world war 2,both having lost their lives. The memorial was originally on the site of Tullamarine State School 2613 at the Conders Lane corner (Melrose Drive/Link Rd corner)but after the school was relocated because of airport acquisition in 1961, Walter V.(Major) Murphy moved it to the Dalkeith Avenue corner.

Annandale was section 2, Tullamarine, granted to Melbourne grocer, George Annand.
COUNTY OF BOURKE.(At the Police office, Melbourne, at 11 o'clock of Friday the 29th day of June next.)
1. Wollert.....
2. 640, Six hundred and forty acres,parish of Tullamarine, section No. 2.
Bounded on the north by section 7 (SEE "TULLAMARINE") ; on the east by W. V. L. Foster's 640 acres (SECTION 3 TULLAMARINE) ;on the south by J. F. L. Foster's 712 acres (20 DOUTTA GALLA, LESLIE BANKS) ; and on the west by R. H. Bunbury's 790 acres (SECTION 1 TULLAMARINE, ARUNDEL.) (49-112 ) (P.1, Argus, 1-6-1849.)

The details in upper case have been added to the advertisement!

I have seen no evidence of George Annand living at Tullamarine. It was most likely leased out until William Taylor added it to the Overnewton Estate, part of it, such as Cr John Fox's Geraghty's Paddock and Alf Cock's Glenview, being resumed under the Closer Settlement Act of 1904 to form part of the Arundel Closer Settlement, while east of Steeles Creek, Cr.Bill Parr had 165 acres which he called Annandale and (Tom?) Nash had 165 acres which would have included the 1850's McCormack farm of 44 acres called "Chesterfield". (Crotty researcher, Glen.)

Argus editor and co-owner, Edward Wilson of Arundel was one of the early lessees and would not have renewed because he had sold Arundel to Robert McDougall (sworn enemy of Niddrie's Henry Stevenson.)
TO LET, 640 acres of LAND, known as Annandale, parish of Tullamarine, near Keilor, and recently in the occupation of Edward Wilson, Esq, Arundel, Offers will be received by the undersigned until the
20th instant for leasing the property for three years.GEORGE WHARTON (Probably an agent.)
(P.8, Argus, 13-7-1869.)

TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT reveals that Anderson and Parr were leasing Annandale in 1893 but not the next year,probably because of the depression. The Anderson and Parr families were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist church and one of the lanes in Fawkner's subdivision was known as Anderson's Lane. (By the way George Williamson's brother was named ANDREW; I had correctly concluded that they were on Fairview in 1890.)
Parr would have been James Henry Parr son of widow, Ann Parr, and father of Bill and Sam Parr; Sam took over his father's Elm Farm (see TULLAMARINE) while Bill farmed the 165 acre Annandale.
PARR.--On the 15th July, at her son's residence, Annandale road. Tullamarine, Emily, the beloved wife of James Henry Parr, and loved mother of William, Samuel, Mrs. C. Nash and Mrs. J. Wright,aged 68 years. Till the day dawns.(P.2, The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter, 18-7-1918.)


Tullamarine's centre of population in 1888 was near and north of Post Office Lane. Foster had sold mainly small blocks to a bunch of Wesleyans on the south side of Post Office Lane and Fawkner 65 blocks to the north. The same Wesleyan families had bought mainly small blocks on Riddell's Camieston Estate and his Hamilton Terrace had many one acre blocks.

The location of public buildings usually gives a fair idea of the centre of population. The most southerly was the Wesleyan School 632,on one acre at the bend in Cherie St (volume 420 folio 301.) The northern boundary of D.T.Kilburn's 400 acre "Fairview" had a kink near Bulla Rd because of the school block. During the height of the rush to the diggings John Hendry ran the post office at Tullamarine Junction nearby but by 1888, the P.O. would have been at Post Office Lane. In 1884, the Seafield school (4 J6) and the Wesleyan one were closed and replaced by S.S.2613 at the Conders Lane corner (5 F9.)

"Up by Tullamarine" would mean 5 C 12(Annandale) to 5 C6 (Glendewar)through Fawkner's subdivision.

John Pascoe Fawkner received the grant for section 7 Tullamarine whose northern boundary was Grants Lane from just west of gate 18 in Melway 5 B6 with the north east corner where Western Avenue ends in 5 F6. The south boundary went from the middle of 5 B10 to where Link Rd crosses the bottom of 5 E10. John Carre Riddell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne was granted section 6, adjoining it on the east,5 F6 and 5 E10 being its north west and south west corners. The north east and south east corners were at Mickleham Rd opposite the Forman Rd and Lackenheath Drive corners.

Land in the parish of Tullamarine must have been surveyed in 1841/2 because the first grants were issued on 30-11-1842. A descendant of E.E.Kenny of Camp Hill informed me that Mt Macedon Rd (Deep Creek Rd/Bulla Rd/ Lancefield Rd/Melrose Drive) was surveyed through the parish in 1847, later becoming (until Brees' bridge was built at Keilor in 1854) the GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS.

Riddell also was granted section 15 fronting the Moonee Ponds Creek,north of section 7 and 6, with its south west corner at 5 B6. When Bulla Rd was made, the south west corner of section 6,the north east corner of section 7 and the south west corner of section 15 were isolated from the rest of each grant. Fawkner and Riddell sold these isolated triangles to each other so that Riddell's land was now all on the north east (Broadmeadows Shire) side of Bulla Rd and Fawkner's was on the south west (Keilor Shire) side. The shires (and their predecessors,the road boards) did not exist then,of course.

(Incidentally, the cutting off of triangles continued further north and explains why Phillip Hill was involved with the 1906 Mansfield drownings at Bertram's ford. The south west corner of section 15 was a Mansfield property in 1906 with William John Mansfield and W.J.Jnr living there. It was later Alan Payne's pig farm, "Scone" from the 1940's until airport acquisition circa 1960.It now contains the airport terminal except for the arms where planes are loaded and unloaded,which jut out into the 560 acres of section 14 on the south west of Bulla Rd (Gowrie Park.) The other 80 acres, between the east end of the e-w runway and the Moonee Ponds Creek and adjoining "Glendewar" to the south east, included the Hill family's "Danby Farm". Thus as well as attending school 2613 together,young Willy and Phil were neighbours living only the width of Bulla Rd apart at the dead centre of 5 B4.
MANSFIELD.On the 15th October (accidently drowned), at Keilor, William John, beloved husband of Catherine Mansfield, and only surviving son of John Mansfield, of Tullamarine, aged 50 years also his eldest son, William John Mansfield aged 7 years. (P.1, Argus, 16-10-1906.)

Harry Heaps told me that planes used to be parked on Donovan's Gowrie Park during W.W.2 but Arun Chandu has found that this was only to a limited extent and that far more planes were parked on the 80 acres containing Danby Farm,Phil Hill moving to St Albans previously or because of this requirement.)

Getting back to Fawkner and Riddell,the former did not bestow a name on his section 6 and 7 land on the Keilor side of Bulla Rd because the land was already sold, to members of his land co-operative, who on the payment of a further pound (the cost of the land transfer)were given title to their blocks. To provide access to their blocks, lanes were reserved. Post Office Lane was the southern boundary with Section 3 and other lanes acquired the names of Anderson's and Conder's Lane. (See my journals about Fawkner's co-ops.)Among longtime residents on Fawkner's subdivision were Beech, Tenniel etc of the Beech Tree Hotel,the Andersons (Pineleigh?) the Parrs of Elm Farm (whose western boundary was a little west of the northern third of Link Rd, Love's dairy farm which was bought by the McNabs after the fire,and Peter Spiers on the 101 acres near Grants Lane that became Ecclesfield when Bill Ellis bought it. John Love won many prizes with his boars. Spiers committed suicide.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 April 1878 p 1 Family Notices
.PARR.-On the 6th inst., at Elm Farm, Tullamarine, the wife of Mr J. H. Parr of a daughter. Both doing well

Riddell and Hamilton,early squatters on Cairn Hill near Gisborne, named their land the Camieston Estate.* The land fronting the west side of Broadmeadows Rd (Mickleham Rd north from Freight Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek became the 467 acre "Chandos" which was sold to John Peter (Volume 170 folio 2 according to my Melway.)My great grandfather, John Cock, bought it in 1902 and subdivided it keeping the middle 198 portion (later Bill Lockhart's "Springburn", the northern 123 acre portion eventually becoming Percy Judd's Chandos Park and the southern (140?) acres Frank Wright's Strathconnan. (Frank Wright married Jessie Rowe, the teacher at S.S. 2613 (formerly at the Holden school,west of Tullamarine Island)who had the sad task of informing her pupils of the Mansfield drowning.

*Camiestown (sic), Moonee Ponds, acre lots in Hamilton terrace, fronting the main road, with a road 1 chain wide at the back. (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 27 July 1853 p 7 Advertising.)
N.B. Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the Moonee Ponds Creek.

FOR Sale, that beautiful Estate on the Moonee Ponds, consisting of about 480 Acres, now in the occupation of Mr. Love, and well known as Riddell and Hamilton's Accommodation Paddock. If not sold by the 1st of January, this property will be Let by tender, in part for cultivation, for five or seven years; enry 1st February. For particulars as to price and conditions, apply to Mr. J. C. RIDDELL, Carlton Gardens.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 26 November 1855 p 8 Advertising.)

Land between Victoria St and Wright St from Derby St to Moonee Ponds Creek(roughly 5 G5-8)was sold to Charles Nash (Fairview, lots 1-6,15-20,7,21,77 acres),George Goodwin,John Anderson, Thomas Purvis and James Anderson.
Charles Nash must have bought Goodwin's blocks as Fairview was traditionally 100 acres.

The land between Bulla Rd and Derby St was called Hamilton Terrace and was divided into acre blocks, one chain wide and ten chains deep (20x200 metres.) Noah Holland, a well-known drover was a good customer of John Beech's Beech Tree Hotel (MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN.) He owned 6 acres on which he was assessed for years but after his death, apparently nobody was paying the rates and schoolteacher/Tullamarine Progress secretary, Alec Rasmussen had the bright idea of gaining the six blocks through adverse possession (according to the late Leo Dineen, whose grandfather taught at S.S. 2613, after Alec, in the 1930's.)The T.P.A. constitution stated that meetings were to be held on nights of the full moon, obviously on what is now the Tullamarine Reserve. The Beech Tree Hotel was across Bulla Rd on Fawkner's part of section 6,just south of the Henderson Rd corner. Handlen's one acre block was added to the reserve,possibly in the 1970's. There is a photo of Colin Williams and others from the Methodist church in front of Handlen's house, which was still standing-about a metre back from the footpath,when I started my runs to the airport in 1971.

Mary Ann Mansfield, the fourth child of Issac Mansfield, and Ann(nee Seeley) and sister of David, married James Degville Tenniel in 1859. James, a policeman at Broadmeadows Township in 1857, died in 1874 aged 50. Mary Ann* married Noah Holland in 1877. Noah had previously been married to May Jane Sage who died in 1873. Noah died in Footscray* in 1919 aged about 84 and Mary (nee Mansfield) died at Flemington* in 1904. (*Noah's work would have revolved around the Newmarket saleyards.)

James Tenniel ran the Beech Tree Hotel hotel, virtually across the road from Noah's 6 acres and died there.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 24 January 1874 p 1 Family Notices
... TENNIEL.- On the 23rd inst., at the Beech-tree, Tullamarine, James Tenniel, aged 50 years. ..

(*Marian Holland was assessed on the Beech Tree Hotel in 1877. P.15,TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT.)

I wonder if Noah's accident (below) led to his death.
An action brought by Noah Holland, drover, of Macaulay road Kensington, against the Railways Commissioners,came to an abrupt termination, in County Court yesterday, before judge Box and a jury. Plaintiff claimed 500 damages for in-juries he sustained, caused by the horse he was riding falling over a heap of earth thrown up by the department, in Newmarket street, Flemington. The accident occurred early on the morning of June 14.
Plaintiff ,who is an old man, had a rib fractured, his chest crushed, and sustained a severe shock.
Just after the case had been opened, a settlement was arrived at, and the case was struck out. Under the settlement the plaintiff agreed to accept 100.(P.10, Argus,17-10-1916.)

William Dewar was an early Bulla councillor. Victoria St was the boundary separating Bulla Shire from Broadmeadows and Grants Rd was the boundary with Keilor. Glendewar was the part of section 15 between Bulla Rd and the Moonee Ponds Creek, containing most of the Cleanaway facility the Centre Rd/ Melbourne Drive intersection and Melway 5C 3-4. The south west corner of section 15 was bought from Riddell by John Mansfield (volume 106 folio 595.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 May 1868 p 8 Article)
... Election Notice. WALTER CLARK, Returning Officer,BULLA: hereby give notice that papers nominating William Dewar, Esq., and Charles Daniel, Esq., to fill tho EXTRAORDINARY VACANCY in the Shire ... declare William Dewar. Esq., to be duly elected as a member of the Bulla Shire Council.

Glendewar, consisting of 377 acres 2 roods and 25 perches, was bought from Riddell by William Dewar (volume 46 folio 766.) I have seen an obituary which stated that he had managed the property for Riddell before buying it.

The following show that William's daughter married Dugald McPhail's son,James and that the Johnsons were on Glendewar soon after William's death. James McPhail and Jennet moved to Brighton St in Newmarket where Dugald died. Like William Dewar,Dugald McPhail was a councillor, among the first at Essendon and Flemington and also at Keilor. Dugald was also prominent in the Presbyterian Church, being the prime mover in the foundation of St John's at Essendon and also taking a leading role at state level.He lived at North Park where Alexander McCracken later built his mansion "North Park" which is now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St and at Spring Hill, which was probably James Robertson Snr's grant on which his son James built the mansion Aberfeldie,from which the locality gained its name; it could also have been an early name for Rose Hill. Dugald was eligible to become a Keilor councillor because Rose Hill was bounded by Buckley St, Steele Creek,Rosehill Rd and the Keilor/Essendon Boundary, Hoffmans Rd.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 4 March 1872 p 4 Family Notices
... Dugald M'Phail, Essendon, to Jennet D. Dewar, eldest daughter of William Dewar, Tullamarine.

DEWAR.On the 3rd May, at his late residence,68 Collins-street, Essendon, William Dewar (late of Glendewar, Tullamarine), in his 91st year. A colonist of 62 years. No flowers. (P.1, Argus, 4-5-1903.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 20 April 1911 p 4. J. Johnson, Glendewar,

The Johnsons, early pioneers on Machell's subdivision between Swain St and Somerton Rd at Greenvale, had made the Glendewar tennis court a weekend attraction to Tulla and Bulla youngsters but they moved across the creek to Cumberland for some years,possibly until the destruction of Coghill's beautiful mansion by fire. (Photo in THE OAKLANDS HUNT, D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)Returning to Glendewar,they built a new homestead.

JOHNSON-MANSFIELD. - On the 14th February, 1925 at St Mary's Church of England,Bulla, by the Rev. E. Faulkner, Reginald Graham, third eldest son of Mr and Mrs John Johnson, Cumberland Estate, Oaklands Junction, to Irene Gladys, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs. Ernest Mansfield, of Roseleigh, Tullamarine.
(P.7, Argus, 28-3-1925.)

John Johnson had known Glendewar since at least 1876.
A man named John Johnson, 30 years of age, was engaged rolling some land for Mr.Dewar, at Tullamarine, on Saturday, when one of the horses bolted and the roller went over him, fracturing his ribs and causing
other internal injuries. He was conveyed to the Melbourne Hospital for treatment.(P.4, Argus,5-6-1876.)


Edmund Dunn was a J.P.(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 July 1885 p 10 Article) and a trustee of the Tullamarine Wesleyan Church but he felt no guilt about exiting his 337 acre property in various places to avoid the toll gate (shared by the Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires)which was located near the Junction Hotel site right near the south west corner of Viewpoint (Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970.) If he was going south,he'd probably cut through Camp Hill.

(The toll gate is shown in the advertisement for the village of Gretna Green (under LONIE'S, CAMP HILL) to have been near Sharps Rd but the God-fearing Methodists would hardly have invented Edmund's avoidance, so the toll gate must have been moved to "Green's Corner" in the 1860's.)

You may recall that I hoped the hunt (in 1888) took more care while they crossed Dunn's farm than they had previously. This is what I had in mind. (Excerpt only given.)

Mr. Higinbotham and Mr. Michie, Q.C, for the plaintiff. Mr. Ireland, Q.C. ; Mr.Fellows, and Mr. Madden, for the defendant.
Mr. HIGINBOTHAM read the declaration,which stated, that on the 25th July, and on certain other days between that date and 15th August, the defendant, with men, horses, and dogs, entered certain land belonging to the plaintiff, trampling down crops, and killing and injuring certain sheep and lambs, the property of the plaintiff. The defendant had paid 5 into court as satisfaction of damages, and upon this idea issue was
Mr. MICHIE, in stating the case, said that the plaintiff was a farmer, who was carrying on his business at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows, and the defendant was Mr. Samuel Waldock, who was no doubt known to the jury as a gentleman of sporting tastes, and the master of the Melbourne hounds. Tho action was to recover damages for the wanton injury inflicted by the defendant, accompanied by other persons, in going with horses and hounds over certain land belonging to the plaintiff. The plaintiff's object was not to obtain large damages, but he said that unless he took some very decisive action in order to make these persons responsible for their repeated transgressions of this kind, he might as well abandon his farming business altogether.(etc.)
(P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)

Accidents and fatalities involving horses were probably as common as those involving cars today and one of Edmund's workers was a victim in 1871.
On Wednesday the city coroner (Dr. Youl) held an inquest on tho body of Martin Hehir, aged 27 years, a labourer, unmarried. Deceased, who was in the employ of Edmund Dunn, a farmer at Tullamarine, after having
been to Melbourne with a load of hay on Saturday, the 11th Inst., returned home at about 9 o'clock in the evening slightly under the influence of liquor, and was taking thehorse out of the dray, when he forgot to un-
hook one of the dray chains, and the horse finding this, on moving forward plunged, and deceased was struck in the belly by the shaft. Deceased said it was an accident, and a doctor was sent for, but did not come, and next
morning deceased was sent to the hospital. The horse was a quiet one, and deceased was accustomed to horses. Dr. Moloney found him to be suffering from a rupture of the muscles of the right belly, and that a large quantity of intestines protruded through the muscles, being only retained by the skin. Inflammation of
the bowels came on : deceased never rallied, and died next day, the 13th inst. The cause of death was inflammation of the bowels from external violence, and the case was hopeless from the first. A verdict of accidental death was found. (P.7, Argus, 16-3-1871.

After John Cock started leasing Stewarton (soon renamed Gladstone), replacing John Kerr in 1892, he was also leasing Viewpoint from Edmund Dunn who must have mortgaged it (or donated it) to the Church of England which was then recorded as the owner. Within a few years, the lease was shared with a member of the Wright family,jointly and then on separate parts. The Wrights later owned the northern portion but did not seem to have a name for it. The southern part, including Perry and Lucas Court and the Carrick/Trentham Drive corner,south to the junction and (nearly)Lupin Court on Basil Elm's subdivision of Gowanbrae, became John Mansfield's Grandview. Mansfield's portion was put on sale in 1917 (SEE BELOW) but in 1920 Heazelwood was leasing the 169 acres from the Estate of John Mansfield while Frank and Thomas Wright had the northern 169 acres of Viewpoint.(P. 21 TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT.) John Healey Cussens was on Grandview in 1930,having replaced George Dalley who had moved to Hillside, replacing Michael Reddan.

In 1948, the Wrights still had the northern part of Viewpoint and Palmer was on Grandview. The Wrights had sold STRATHCONAN*,across Broadmeadows(Mickleham) Road to Kowarzic, who changed his name to Kaye and was the manager of A.N.A.until Reg Ansett took it over. In the 1970's the lovely Mrs Palmer on Grandview provided many bundles of newspapers and with Mrs Butler and Joyce Morgan (paper that had been collected for the doomed Methodist Church's organ fund) got the Kindergarten Association's paper drives off to a flying start. "Charles Palmer had bought 166 acres south of Gladstone Park in 1945, paying 32 pounds 10 shillings per acre.In 1958, he offered it to Stanley Korman at 500 pounds per acre. Korman accepted." (P.195 BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)
(*Harry Heaps told me the name of the farm, which also is the name of the street formed in the subdivision of his Melrose Drive block.He pronounced it with a long o sound but the street name is spelt with a double n. It is not spelt with double n in the notice of Frank Wright's funeral below.)
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 23 April 1936 p 1 Family Notices
The Friends or the late Mr Frank of Strathconon Tullamarine are respectfully informed that his funeral will ... 3532 words

Tullamarine Sale.
Koast, Morris and Miles will, on Tuesday, 27th inst., at 2 p.m., hold a
clearing sale at Tullamarine, on account of Mr. John Mansfield, "Grandview," junction of Bulla and Broad
meadows roads. The horses, cattle, farming implements and 200 tons of hay will be included. The horses and cattle are all of the best stamp, the implements are those used on a first class farm, there is a quantity of harness, and the hay includes 130 tons oaten and 70 tons wheaten. Time can be arranged to remove the hay at a
purchaser's convenience. An inspection of the lots may be had prior to the day of sale.
(Flemington Spectator (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 15 March 1917 p 2 Advertising.)

Another careless click has just lost 70 minutes of work so the replacement will be much briefer;actually my ancient computer actually clicks itself at times!

On 31-7-1843, Eyre Evans Kenny was granted crown allotment 4, section 4 of 300 acres at the south west corner of the parish of Tullamarine. It was bounded by the line of Sharps Rd, Broadmeadows Rd,roughly the line of Sycamore Ave, and the Moonee Ponds Creek.He later acquired J.Dunbar's c/a 3 section 4 of 150 acres between his grant and Dunn's future Viewpoint. Kenny was getting on a bit and when Macedon road (Melrose Drive)was "the great road to the diggings" he sold the land between Bulla Rd and Broadmeadows Rd, a speculator later having plans to establish a village on it, called,if I remember properly, Greenwich or Gretna Green.

Important and extensive sale of eighty acres of fine arable land in the Parish of Tullamarine, in allotments suited to the requirements of small capitalists and others.
Are favored with instructions from the owner, Colonel Kenny, to sell by auction, at his residence, Camp Hill, on the road to the Lady of the Lake Hotel, on FRIDAY, 4th INST., Immediately after the sale of Household
Furniture,ALL that portion of the Colonel's well-known and valuable Estate lying on the western side of the Mount Macedon Road,consisting of a magnificent triangular block of land, containing about 80 Acres of prime Agricultural Land, being portion of Allotment No. 4, of Portion No. 4, in the Parish of Tullamarine, subdivided for the greater convenience of purchasers, into Three convenient Farms of equal size, about 20* acres, more or less each. -all having frontages to the great leading road to Mount Macedon and the Gold Fields, immediately opposite the entrance to Colonel Kenny's residence.
Title unquestionable.
The public are respectfully informed that,for agricultural or market garden purposes, for building sites, or for the pursuits of trading, the above property is particularly well suited, containing fertile soil with the advantages of a cleared and unencumbered surface on the most important road in the Colony. Thus presenting to the trader an opportunity of obtaining his stand where the richly-laden Gold-Digger will be delighted to refresh himself, and expend a portion of His rapidly acquired fortune.The astonishing increase of population in
this locality, the majority of whom are compelled to pay the license for occupying Crown Lands, is in itself a guarantee that investment in the above property will afford handsome profits and quick returns. (P.10, Argus, 3-3-1853.)

20/26- This could have been 26 acres, but as stated, I did not correct the digitisation of this and some other pieces from the actual article. If it wasn't it should have been, because Mansfield's triangle was assessed in Keilor ratebooks as 26+52(2x26)+11 acres, the 11 acres being north of about Sycamore Ave on crown allotment 3 of section 4.

great road- The government spent a fortune in 1854 building the road to Mt Alexander, including Brees' bridge at Keilor. What we now know as the Calder Highway probably did not exist in 1847 when the Macedon road was surveyed by Hoddle; to get to Mt Aitken, John Aitken crossed the river at Solomon's ford and followed the east branch of the Kororoit Creek to the north.(City of Hume Heritage Study?) Following the construction of the route through Keilor,traffic past Camp Hill declined, apart from diggers heading to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote who made Broadmeadows Township a lively place. Bulla had even lost its mail delivery, the Portland mail carrier going through Keilor rather than leaving Bulla mail with Tulip Wright on the way through; the protest of Peter Young of Nairn having little effect. The mail carrier did not require a bridge so much and this change of route happened before 1854; passing through Keilor,he could then use Ballarat Road (Keilor-Melton Highway.) A township sprang up at "The Gap" and soon outgrew Sunbury, which like Bulla,became a sleepy Hollow. (BULLA BULLA I.W.Symonds.)

population- As well as buyers of farmlets from Foster, Fawkner and Riddell (as discussed under the TULLAMARINE heading), the population increase was caused by all the crown allotments in the parish of Tullamarine having been granted by 1850, the majority in that year. Nobody in the vicinity was leasing from the Crown in 1853.

AND THE VILLAGE!(Excerpt only.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 27 January 1859 p 2 Advertising
Gretna Green,
Opposite Colonel Kenny's Estate,
Parish of Tullamarine.
Subdivision of part of portion No.4 of Section 4, the property of A. M'Donald, Esq. Subdivided by the proprietor specially for the accommodation and convenience of newly-arrived couples, carriers, little shopkeepers, farm laborers, gardeners, and Immigrants. All pegged off at you go along just on the other side
of the toll-bar
, Deep Creek-road.

I had presumed that the toll bar was on the site of the Junction Hotel but the above seems to indicate that it was near Caterpillar (Drive?), the original east end of Sharps Rd. This would catch anyone wanting to take Sharps Rd (Keilor Shire), Melrose Drive (To Bulla Shire) or Mickleham Rd (Broadmeadows Shire.)

This sold land was assessed by Keilor Shire in parcels of 26, 52 and 11 acres, and with all eventually coming into the ownership of Sam Mansfield,the locals called it Mansfield's Triangle. This made Camp Hill 361 acres with today's Camp Hill Park (minus the plaque on the boulder, about which I've alerted Hume Council)at its north west corner.

The oldest ratebook found in the City of Broadmeadows' strongroom in 1988, that of 1863, assessed a bloke named Brown on Camp Hill. What had happened to Kenny, after whom Eyre and Kenny Sts in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadow) were named? And who was this Brown (with the famous daughter!)?

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 20 September 1861 p 4 Family Notices
KENNY.-On the 19th inst., at Camp Hill, in his seventy-eighth year, Lieut.-Colonel Eyre Evans Kenny, late of the 80th ...

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Wednesday 11 December 1935 Supplement: Woman's Realm p 3 Article Illustrated
BORN at Camp Hill, Tullamarine, Victoria, on that momentous day, January 1, 1863, when Abraham Lincoln pro-
claimed the freedom of the American slaves, the daughter of Elizabeth and Hugh Junor Browne, little Pattie spent her infancy there, and came to Melbourne at the age of four. "One episode in my early life stands out vividly in my memory," she states in her diary. "At Camp Hill, Broadmeadows, the meet of the hounds-the deer with a broken leg across the creek-the return of the hunters-my mother and father mounted-and my mother giving me her whip to hold-and again father looking splendid holding their two horses and letting me pat them."

Both parents were born of preachers, her father being the only son of the Rev.Archibald Browne, first preacher of St.Andrew's, Demerara, whre a monument is erected to his memory on account of his work for anti-slavery ; and her mother the daughter of the Rev. John Turner, of Taunton, Devonshire. Her father was educated at Edinburgh Academy, and her mother at Dieppe, in France, where she was born. Her father's relatives were all militarymen, some of high rank, serving with great distinction in the Indian Mutiny; and her mother's only brother was the distinguished Dr. George Turner; of Iowa, U.S.A.

With such forbears the fearless nature of the little, girl, which early manifested
itself, is understandable. In 1867 the family moved to Victoria Parade, Melbourne, where Hugh Junor Browne became a prosperous merchant etc.

When the hunt rode across Camp Hill from Dunn's to Hall's in 1888, David Williamson was the occupant,leasing from Hay Lonie. David was probably a brother of George and Andrew Williamson of Fairview; George died at Camp Hill in 1892.The Gilligans of Bulla (who lived close to Hay's Lochton), soon after bought Camp Hill,possibly after Hay had drowned. It was claimed by some that Hay had committed suicide but a broken tooth indicated that he may have fallen into the Yarra after being mugged, as financial difficulties, sadness and intoxication were not factors.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 6 January 1888 p 7
. Mr D Williamson, Camp Hill Tullamarine
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 14 October 1886 p 10
Mr David Williamson, Camp Hill, Tullamarine,

Mr Hay Lonie, whose lamented death we alluded to last week, was an old colonist, having arrived here in the year 1854 , being then 12 years old, he was born 22nd November 1842 at Cooperfife, Scotland. He was at the Ovens a short time after his arrival and at the age of 16 years he started dairying about Preston, and in 1868 he was the largest dairyman in the colony, as he was then milking 800 cows at Pasture Hill*1, Campbellfield.

Soon after 1868 Mr.Lonie bought the Golden Vein property in this district from the late Mr.L. Bourke, M.P. , which property he added to very considerably later on. About 12 years ago, he permanently settled in this
district, and at the time of his death he held about 6,500 acres, principally in Moranding, and he also
retained Camp Hill property Tullamarine, and Lochton, Bulla*2. He leaves three in family, the eldest boy being 18 years of age, one girl of 9 years, and Mrs R. G. Hudson, of Kilmore; from all the circumstances related, above as to his property it would appear that the rather vague rumors set abroad as to his position, are unfounded. We may say the feeling of sympathy for Mrs Lonie and family has been very great, and the respect in
which deceased was held was evinsced by the large number who attended the funeral on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Allison had the funeral arrangements at the Melbourne end and Mr Bossence took charge locally.
(P.2, Kilmore Free Press, 29-12-1892.)

(*1. Pasture Hill, containing 383 acres and 10 perches, was bounded by Pascoe Vale Rd,and Camp Rd east to a line that bisects the lake in Jack Roper Reserve,with the south east corner being that of Wallace Reserve. (Melway 6 H 10-11 to 7 B 10-11.)Boundaries based on knowledge of Will Will Rook crown allotment boundaries and a map on page 78 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY showing the 1874 sale/subdivision of the estate of the late Donald Kennedy, between Camp Rd and Rhodes Pde., into Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm (both bought by John Kerr Snr who built the historic Kerrsland which is part of Penola College)and Glenroy Farm.

*2. Lochton, north of the line of Somerton Rd and between the north-south part of Wildwood Rd and Deep Creek (Melway 177 C4) was crown allotment 5A of the parish of Bulla Bulla, consisting of 354 acres.

TUESDAY, 11th MARCH, CLEARING SALE at "CAMP HILL," TULLAMARINE, On the Bulla-road, 7 Miles from Melbourne.
McPHAIL BROS. and Co. have received Instructions from Messrs. T. (and) A. Gilligan to SELL, on the
above date, at Uolte o'clock, their DAIRY CATTLE, DRAUGHT HORSES. FARMING PLANT, HAY, &c (P.4, Argus,1-3-1913.)

In travelling from Camp Hill into Hall's,the hunt went from the parish of Tullamarine into the parish of Doutta Galla after doing the reverse when they crossed from Crotty's into Williamson's. The railway line was not there and wouldn't be there for 40 years. Sid Lloyd was the one who told me about South Wait, or it might have been his older brother George who wrote MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952. Nobody could tell me how the name came about. I had trouble getting "hall,tullamarine" on trove so I tried Howse, tullamarine and struck gold.

HOWSE.In loving memory of our dear mother Ellen Howse who died on the 18th November,1900 at "Southwaite" Tullamarine. (P.1, Argus, 18-11-1910.

So much for my theory that Southwaite resulted from a one lane bridge over the 1928 Albion-Jacana railway requiring those travelling south (or approaching from the south)to wait. Was the name bestowed by John Hall?

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 May 1880 p 1 Family Notices
HALL. -On the 17th, at her residence, Southwaite, near Essendon, the wife of John Hall of a son. Both doing, well.

My great grandfather, John Cock, arrived in 1864 as an labourer indentured to John Hall for three years. The birth of his child shortly after his arrival was registered in the area, so he was almost certainly working for John Hall on Southwaite. By 1888, he was a prominent citizen and the "shameful" fact of having been an indentured servant was concealed by a claim in his VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS PAST AND PRESENT biography that he arrived in 1867 and leased a farm (Broombank) for 15 years etc. John Cock's time on Southwaite explains the Cock/Howse family connection.

John Hall was granted 22D, Doutta Galla, consisting of 42 acres 2 roods 24 perches on 17-2-1865. The south west boundary was Bulla Rd which can be plotted with a line joining Wirraway Rd and Melrose Drive. The eastern boundary can be plotted by extending Nomad Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek, section 23 (St John's) being to the east.The northern boundary of 22D is the aerodrome boundary south of the Tasman Avenue houses.

John Purnell was granted 22B of 65 acres 3 roods 15 perches which now includes the Malvern Avenue area (which probably became part of Camp Hill/Gowanbrae from 1928 when the railway was built;Malvern Avenue is named after the Malvern Star bicycles which would have been built on Gowanbrae if a siding had been provided by the railways. Bruce Small later became Sir Bruce Small of the Gold Coast who publicised his tourist destination by bringing meter maids to Melbourne. John Hall purchased Purnell's grant making a total of 108 acres 1 rood 39 perches.

Another Doutta Galla map available online,is a shambles, namely:
[Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla - National Library of ...‎
Victoria. Dept. of Crown Lands and Survey. [Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla [cartographic material] 1860 - 1880. MAP RM 2741/90.

It shows, east of 22BC, Stevenson (of "Niddrie") 300 acres, Hodgson 225 acres (the land that Stevenson's "enemy", Robert McDougall of "Arundel" had occupied but with an incorrect eastern boundary) and a huge area north of both fronting the creek and a south boundary linking Moore St, Airport West, with the creek near the Mascoma St, Strathnaver Ave. corner. This area is labelled John Hall and no acreage is given.Why?

Section 23, St John's, consisted of 525 acres, accounted for by the land owned by Stevenson and Hodgson. Therefore Southwaite could not possibly have been on section 23.Another minor detail is the boundary shown between the west and east parts of St Johns. In the above map,it is a line due north from the bend in perimeter Rd (16 E8) to the Mascoma/Strathnaver corner. Title documents V.246 f.841 and V.246 f.901 show that the actual boundary went n.n.w. through the bend in Perimeter Rd, through the Strathaird/Mennara corner to Lamart St and then northeast through the Mascoma/Woolart corner to the creek.
These two documents and V.246 f.842 (re the 26 acre triangle bounded by Nomad and Wirraway Rds with a southern boundary indicated by the bend in Larkin St)give the total acreage as (310+206+26=542acres), 17 acres too many.
This can be partly explained by Dunn's farm,leased from Sir John Franklin, which was thought to be entirely in section 23 but actually contained the northern 12 acres of section 15 purloined by John Murray Peck of Lebanon.
Therefore the various Lands Department clerks were only 5 acres out, based on what they knew. Not like the draftsman who drew the 1860-1880 map and invented another roughly 108 acres to fit "Southwaite" (22BD) into St John's.

THE PROPERTIES at the start of my TULLAMARINE BEFORE THE JETPORT includes rate information heading north along Bulla Rd. Right side. St John's (Stevenson,Taylor)300 ac., South Wait(sic)(Hall, Howse)100 ac., Camp Hill (Kenny, Brown, Lonie,Williamson,Gilligan, Morgan, Scott who called it Gowanbrae, Small,Cowan) 366 acres, etc.

By 1888, Strathmore was well and truly caught up in the land boom. I'll repeat the end of my summary.

Scampering parallel with Melrose Drive,the terrified creature would have passed through Lonie's "Camp Hill",and east sou' easterly through John Hall's (later Jack Howse's "South Wait", now Strathmore Heights to the east end of Caravelle and Tasman.)It probably kept to the south east bank of the Moonee Ponds Creek passing through St John's,firstly through Henry Stevenson's paddock and then Robert McDougall's*.(*See below.) It then cut south past Peck's Lebanon (Wendora St,built 1882) and John Kernan's (probably near Loeman St) before crossing the line of Glenbervie/Uplands Rd into Napier's 100 acres.
N.B. There is no way Kernan could have had land north of Peck who added the northernmost 12 acres of 15 Doutta Galla to Lebanon without paying for a lease or purchase.(Google "strathmore, 12 acres, sir john franklin".)

* Harry Peck refers to Harry Stevenson and Robert McDougall as being neighbours in MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN. This seems strange because "Niddrie" and "Arundel" are miles apart but they did have neighbouring paddocks in Strathmore North.(Google "strathmore, stevenson, mcdougall, shorthorns".)

I am all worn out now so try getting Bruce Barber's website, to which I contributed many years ago, by googling the names in bold type above (first two results.) You'll also find some journals I've written about Strathmore since the nuclear explosion or whatever turned me into itellya.




10 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago


The Royalauto for October, 2013 has an article on page 8 called THE FISH SHED in its feature CURIOUSLY VICTORIAN.
It states that five generations of Hutchins have fished Port Phillip at Mornington since 1860. It's a fair bet that George Hutchins and his wife Harriet were members of the first generation.

IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA: In Its Probate Jurisdiction.-In the Estate of GEORGE HUTCHINS, late of Osborne, in the County of Mornington, in the Colony of Victoria, Fisherman, Deceased, Intestate.-Notice is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof application will be made to the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, in its Probate Jurisdiction, that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of the above-named George Hutchins, deceased, be granted to Harriett Hutchins, of Mornington, in the said colony, the widow of the said deceased.
Dated this 25th day of April, A.D. 1878. WISEWOULD and GIBBS, 61 William-street, Melbourne, proctors for the said Harriett Hutchins. (P.3,Argus, 26-4-1878.)

The Royalauto article has a photo of the shed and Neville Hutchins,61,who with his brother,Dalton,59, still sells their catch from the shed. Their original shop at Fisherman's Beach was obliterated by storms,just one of several setbacks the family faced. The brothers still use an old technique used by such as the Watsons of Portsea and Sorrento, but with a modern advantage. Neville tracks shoals of fish from the headland,directing Dalton's run of nets by walkie-talkie.

It's now some years since I read LIME LAND LEISURE, and ,although I made no note of it, I seem to remember that there was a connection between the Hutchins of Sorrento and Mornington. It is interesting that two fishing families were thanked for their support for the Hutchins of Sorrento. The Watsons were fishing at Portsea by 1862 and Erland Erlandsen commenced fishing near Sorrento after (jumping ship?) in 1879.

WATSON.-Mrs. WATSON, sen., and Family, Sorrento, wish to convey their sincere THANKS to many kind friends for letter, cards,and personal expressions of sympathy during their recent sad loss of son and brother, especially thanking Hutchins Bros, and Mr. Erlandsen and sons. (P.1, Argus, 8-1-1923.)

The Sawyer family was not known to be involved in fishing but the well known fishing families of Prosser and Hutchins were related to it by marriage. Isaac Sawyer married Sarah,the daughter of Henry Prosser, one of the founders of the Frankston Fish Company, and after Isaac's death she remarried to Amis Renouf,a director of the same company.

RENOUF.-On the 15th July, at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Sarah, widow of the late Amice Renouf, Frankston, and dearly beloved mother of Mrs Jonah Griffith (Dromana), Mrs.John Hopcroft (Caulfield), Mrs. I. Sawyer(Neerim South), Mr. H. Sawyer ("Sylvan," Neerim Junction, Gippsland), Mr. J. Sawyer(Moorooduc), Mr. F. Sawyer (Bittern); grand-mother of Mr. Alex Henry and his sister, Mrs.W. Martin (Mt. Eliza), aged 93 years. A colonist of 68 years. (P.13, Argus, 29-7-1916.) See my journal RENOUF ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.

Thus, Sarah Renouf, mother of Fred Sawyer, was the grandmother of John Hutchins' bride, Caroline Sawyer.

Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 16 September 1911 p 2 Family Notices Marriage. HUTCHINS-SAWYER.-At St. James' Church, West Melbourne, on the 25th August, by the Ven. Archdecon Hindley, John Hutchins, Mornington, to Caroline third eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs F. Sawyer, " Glenfield," Bittern.


This journal results from a private message conversation between myself and Shah, who has consented to her information being published.

Very interested in all you have written about the Mornington Peninsula.
In regard to the Thistles in Boneo Road. My grandparents ran this as a guest house around the 1930s. I understand it was then a double storey house.
Would this be correct and is there anything else you could tell me about it?
Researching Moser, Rogers, Munday, Bennett, Dixon, Pilbeam, Belsar, Parkinson, Fitzgibbon, amongst others.
Thank you

Hi Shah. You referred to "The Thistle" by which I presume you mean "The Thicket". This was bounded by First Avenue, Eastbourne Rd and Boneo Rd and contained the curving streets such as Warranilla Ave. It adjoined the Hope St houses which were part of "Hindhope", a farm which occupied the northern half of crown allotment 14 Wannaeue.

Unfortunately I know very little about The Thicket. The late Ray Cairns told me that the homestead was near the site of the church that stands at the corner of Boneo Rd and The Drive. I need to know the name of your grandfather who ran the guest house in what must have been an extension of the homestead described below. The only mentions of The Thicket seem to be the following sale notice and a fire and a brief advertisement re holiday accommodation in shallays (chalets) in the 1940's. With a bit more information, I might be able to find other articles or advertisements about the property on trove.

At One O'Clock. On the Premises.
McInnes, Whinfield, and Co. (late J.K. Jennings and McInnes) have received Instructions to SELL , on the above date A farm property, consisting of 56 ac. 2 rd. 22 perches, situated close to Rosebud township, and only a stone-throw from the water frontage,
A good house, consisting of 5 rooms and conveniences, is erected on the property, including a garage, extra good well equipped bails and sheds, machinery shed, pig run and sty, buggy shed, chaffhouse, &c, &c.
The properly is subdivided into 7 paddocks. This includes three very good orchards, peaches, apple, pears, and other fruit in full bearing, and is watered by windmill, pipes laid, and an abundant supply.
CATTLE. 14 dairy cows, 3 heifers, 3 bullocks, 1 bull, 4 calves.
HORSES. 1 draught gelding 5 years old; 1 medium draught mare, 7 years old, extra good.
PIGS.-2 sows with broods, 1 boar.
IMPLEMENTS.-Seed drill, disc plough, 2 single furrow ploughs, cultivator, mower, 1 set harrows, 1 grindstone, 1 spray pump, 1 portable engine (Richardson), 1 shellcrusher, I chaffcutter, complete with belt; shovel, forks, garden utensils,
&c, 2 incubators, 3 brooders, pair of scales.
HARNESS. 2 sets of buggy harness, 1 set of dray harness, collars, and hames.
DAIRY.-Separator (Globe No. 1), 2 milk churns, 2 butter churns.
FURNITURE. 4 bedsteads and mattresses, chest of drawers, small tables, washstand &c.
VEHICLES.-1 dray, 1 springcart, 1 buggy, 1 phaeton.
Terms on Land Purchase 1230 may remain on mortgage for 3 years, bearing 5 per cent. interest,balance cash.
The auctioneers have inspected this property, and have to report that it is a snug, comfortable home, well equipped, and a very fine front garden. The land is good black sandy loam, and well suited for growing maize, lucerne, onions, and the like, and, being within a stone-throw of the bay frontage, must eventually command a big price for building blocks. We strongly recommend it as a comfortable home and a good Investment.
Further particulars from McInnes, Whinfield, and Co., 411 Bourke street, Melbourne.
Local representative, Mr. Jennings, land and estate agent, Rosebud.
(P.3,The Argus,27-5-1922.)

Yes, I did mean the Thicket! My great grandparents names were Sydney and Mary (May) Moser. My grandmother Mona Moser was married there. She married Bartholomew Rogers who had bakeries in Rosebud and then managed the pine plantation*. (*See "Bogies and Birdies" the history of the Rosebud Country Club-itellya.)
Are you interested in my grandparents businesses and where they lived etc?
Bartholomew (Barty) Rogers was on many committees such as the building of the local high school and memorial hall. He has a road named after him in Cape Schanck where he owned a lot of land at one stage.
Thank you for your reply.

I'd love any information concerning your ancestors in relation to Rosebud and the Mornington Peninsula. I think I remember Peter Wilson mentioning Bart Rogers in relation to the memorial hall.

Did your great grandparents own just the homestead block of The Thicket or the whole (almost) 57 acres? Did they know Keith McGregor who had probably leased the homestead block from Alf Rawlings while he ran the transport business and owned Hindhope Villa (50 First Avenue) after his return from the Western District?

Who were their friends in the area? Was Cr.Forrest Edmund (Joe) Wood one of them? If you have any anecdotes in the family folklore about funny incidents, accidents, events etc., I'd love to hear about them.

When did the Mosers arrive in the area from Swan Hill and what was M.A.Moser doing at Dromana in 1948? I presume this was Murray who escaped serious injury in 1938 while presumably living at Rosebud. Did Murray run a garage in Rosebud West?
MOTOR Mechanic A grade or equivalent experience Furnished house
available right man reasonable rent Apply giving complete details of qualifications and experience M Moser Chatfeld ave Rosebud West
(The Argus, Saturday 17 July 1948, p 18 Advertising.)

Just in case you haven't used TROVE, I'll include the articles referred to above.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 24 October 1938 p 3 Article
... CAR SNAPS POST ROSEBUD, Sunday.-Struck - Struck by a motor-car when it swerved after a collision lision with another car this afternoon, an electric light pole on the Sorrento road was snapped off at the base. The driver of the car, Mr. Murray Moser, escaped with a cut nose and a passenger ... 80 words

Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1939 - 1949) Thursday 18 March 1948 p 11 Article
... T. Atherton (Rosebud), H. Atherton (Main Ridge), R. Donaldson (B3alnarr ing), J. Fanning, L. ... W. G. Cochrane (Merricks), W. Pedley, W. Brace (Red Hill South), G. Brasser, MA. Moser (Dromana), ... 292 words

I also tried Rogers, Rosebud and found this one.
P G Rogers of Rosebud applied to the board for permission to carry with one commercial vehicle goods within a radius of 20 miles of Rosebud. He applied also for permission to carry goods to and from Flinders and Portsea to places within a radius of five miles of the G P O Melbourne. Tho application was opposed by the railways E G
White. W A Peterson and B A Cairns The board reserved its decision.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 1 September 1938 p 12 Article)

Hello again,
I will have to get back to you re some of the questions. Yes, Murray Moser ran a garage in West Rosebud that has in the past few years been knocked down and there are units and a caf there. Dad has just told me they bought a house that was at the back of where the garage was they lived in. I am regularly on Trove.
I have found my grandfather Barty better by searching for BP Rogers. He owned Bakeries in Kilmore and I've found recently Hurstbridge, but not at the same time.
I think the Moser's arrived in Rosebud quite possibly in 1938. I have a photo of my grandmother Mona standing in a garden, that mum thinks was the Thicket. Only shows a palm tree in the background. My grandmother's father Sydney Moser worked on the Rosebud Hotel, bricklaying (I think). They would not have owned the Thicket but probably rented it. They weren't well off due to my great grandfather's roaming.
They lived quite a number of places in Victoria before settling in Rosebud.
His father Herman Frederick Moser was a quite well known photographer and was involved in getting the bridge over the Murray in Swan Hill. He was the first person to take bullocks and dray across it; though I don't think he was supposed to!
The Mosers were distantly related to cricketer (Pontrose?) who owned a holiday home in Rosebud on the corner of Point Nepean Road and Rose Road. Sydney Murray Moser was born in Deniliquin in 1888 and married Mary Ann (May) Bennett in Deniliquin in 1910. May Bennett was a granddaughter of two convicts Elizabeth Taylor and Samuel Benjamin Bellamy Bennett. Her maternal great grandfather has an island named after him near Swan Hill called Belsar's Island. Barty Rogers had two bakeries at different times in Rosebud, one where the now ANZ bank was and the other where the men's wear shop is now next to Peebles. This shop was more of a milk bar/mixed business which granddad owned with May Moser. I rang Dad, Charlie Munday,to ask where grandad's 2nd shop was and he said he thought the information you have about Bill Chatfield may not be correct as he doesn't remember him fishing. He had a truck and did cartage work and put in Electric power poles etc. Murray Moser bought the garage from him and when they extended the garage, this is where the house was moved back. It is no longer there. Chatfield also built a shop next to the garage where a Tattoo place is now. Dad also said there was a man called Chadwick and another man called Lynch who ran the store. Lynch went on holiday to Queensland and drowned. The PG Rogers you found about permission for cartage may well have been my grandfather except they have the initials wrong. He did carry bricks etc. He used to buy concrete bricks my other grandfather Charles Munday made.
Charles Munday (my dad has the same name) used to sell the bricks to Barty and Barty would often return to buy more as he had lost some of his load on the journey.
Dad's side Charles William Munday and Amy Evelyn Munday(nee Parkinson) came to Rosebud on the 12th March 1946 and lived in a shed just behind where McDonalds is now. Grandad then built a house and built units in Fourth Avenue that still stand though are totally changed now. He also built the house opposite which is now behind the Tyre place. My grandparents ran a boat hire place where the Scout hall now stands. They then built a house in Murray Anderson Road and lived there until my grandfather's death in 1976. Barty and Mona Rogers and their children lived in the old pine house that used to stand beside the drive to the Rosebud Football Ground. They then built a brick home opposite the site of the present high school but this was demolished by the power company who used the land. They built another home two doors down that still stands in Boneo Road.
I will speak to my Uncle (mum's brother) as he may remember more.
Thanks for taking the time to record all this; it is fascinating!

This is fantastic because I rely on rates (available only until 1919) and old residents for most of my information, many of the latter having now died. With so many changes (e.g. McDonald's, the transmission station on the Boneo/Eastbourne corner that you mention, K.F.C.-formerly a caravan park mentioned in one of my journals etc),only people that have "been there; done that" can fill the gaps.

In regard to William Chatfield, he had been a fisherman before becoming a shopkeeper,living in a hut on the foreshore which was probably taken over by a (Swede)who is mentioned by Vin Burnham in his memories of Rosebud in the early days. Vin (Owen) had forgotten his surname but I've got it somewhere.(Axel Vincent!)
See "Life in Rosebud in the early years: by Vin Burnham |‎
By Owen Vincent (Vin) Burnham. Unknown-3 When I was quite young (about seven, early 1920s) the Nepean Highway was a gravel and dirt road right up to ..."

In seeking information about William Chatfield, I made the fascinating discovery that residents of Rosebud West and Tootgarook had decided to call the area "Eastbourne".
At a public meeting held at Eastbourne a committee of management, consisting of Messrs D.Cairns, W.Chatfield, F.Luscombe, and W.Truman, was formed to take over control of portion of the foreshore between Rye and Rosebud. It was decided to name the locality Eastbourne.
(P.15, Argus,23-6-1926.)

Eastbourne is the name given to his West Rosebud grant by Sidney Smith Crispo and used by Edward Williams, his great friend when he took over the property before Crispo's death in 1899. Williams had a new limestone homestead built at 17 William Crescent, and the name now applies to the primary school and Eastbourne Rd as well as the historic house.

Eleanora Davey Cairns lived at Eleanora, which was also built in the early 1900's and having been donated to the Alfred Hospital as a nurses' refuge,is now part of the Rosebud Hospital. Luscombe might have been a poultry farmer at Rosebud West,perhaps on "Woyna" east of the Truemans Rd corner. William Trueman had the eastern half of the land granted to his father,James. This land was later occupied by poultry farmer, Alf Doig, who was responsible for the area west of Truemans Rd being officially named Tootgarook. It is possible that the shire had denied a request for Eastbourne as an official name because of possible confusion with another place in Victoria of that name. (The Pascoe Vale Girls' School, established in a prominent house named Mt. Sabine could not be given that name because of such a situation.)

In the Sands and McDougall directory of 1950,Bartholomew P. Rogers is listed as a Rosebud resident and M.Moser, motor garage,was one of 24 Rosebud West residents. Also listed under Rosebud were Charles W. and Ernest H.Munday.

One thing I need to establish is the location of the Narooma Guest House. Jim Dryden said it was between First Avenue and Boneo Rd but his brother, Bill, claims it was on the site of McDonalds.

What I would like to do is write a journal about Rosebud, featuring your families, in the form of a conversation. In other words,to copy and paste our conversation, deleting any info of a private nature or that you don't want published. Something like MOSER, ROGERS AND MUNDAY MEMORIES OF ROSEBUD,VIC., AUST. How does that appeal to you?

Eastbourne Rd was a government road shown in the survey of the parish of Wannaeue. In about 1900,It was known as Ford's Lane because of Cr William Ford who had earlier owned the Wannaeue Estate bounded by Jetty Rd, Hiscock Rd (which continued eastward to the Old Cape Schanck/Jetty Rd corner), Boneo Rd and Eastbourne Rd. Later it was owned by Jack Raper (apparently pronounced Roper for obvious reasons)and the lane was known to locals as Roper's Lane by such as Ray Cairns and Bill Dryden.Jack built the house on the east side of the Olympic Park driveway in which Bart Rogers lived. Its demolition illustrates how little effort the shire has made to document Rosebud's heritage; thank goodness my curiosity has saved the Boyd Cottage in Rosebud Pde!

Hello again,
My father has given me some names and places you may be interested in.
I also know other old locals if you would like their input as well.
Narooma Guest house was on the corner of 4th Avenue where the current Safeway Petrol Station is. Dad also mentioned an old lady that used to live in quite a substantial house on the foreshore where the current Village Green is. He doesn't remember her name but she used to cut men's hair during WW2. She boarded a man by the name of Bucher who drowned when he fell in a drain. (As the village Green was the footy ground, the house probably adjoined the eastern end of it-itellya.)
The body of Lewis Thomas Bucher, 71, of Rosebud was found in a drainage canal near his home yesterday. He had
been missing from his home since Monday. Police said there were no suspicious circumstances.
(P.6, Argus, 23-6-1948.) N.B. The drain was probably Chinaman's Creek. itellya.)
On the current site of Woolworths next to Rosebud Primary School there was the Presbyterian Church and a menswear that used to be owned by the Weatherheads. This was moved to its current site. Patterson's garage also used to reside there (woollies site).
Where there is a doctors surgery near the site of the old Rosebud tennis courts, this used to be the Methodist Church.
Dad mentioned Bill Paige. Frank Whittaker owned a furniture shop amongst other things. Bobby Weatherhead, Ernie Jensen, Bruce Jensen who was a Panel Beater and Micky Dark. I haven't been able to establish if my great grandparents knew the people who you asked about but dad played cricket or baseball (forgotten) with the army person you mentioned. Happy to have the information I provided in the journal.

3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


It's not often that I base a new journal on just one incident. There are six people mentioned in this story, an Australia-wide hero in 1905, a renowned wooden boat builder, an un-named Greek fisherman, the son of a circa 1871 Dromana pioneer, a boy who saved a life shortly before leaving for America (1918) and achieving fame and the son of one of the PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST,DROMANA.

The funny thing is that I would never have found this story if I had not been contacted by Shah about her ancestors who arrived in Rosebud in about 1938. Her father had not known Bill Chatfield of Rosebud West to be a fisherman and I told her that Bill's fishing operation was taken over by a Swede,but like Vin Burnham in his memoirs of life in early Rosebud,I couldn't remember his name. (I just remembered that it was Axel Vincent!)

In the hope of finding it,I did a search for "Rosebud, fisherman" on trove.


DROMANA, Saturday.
A strong easterly wind, a choppy sea, A motor engine in need of repair, and a lucky escape were the chief features of an unpleasant experience which befell Mr Ernest Rudduck, a well-known grocer of Dromana, on the Bay last evening. Intending to have the engine repaired at Rosebud Mr Rudduck arranged with an elderly Greek fisherman to tow the boat, but he started from the Dromana pier alone shortly before 6 p.m., presumably
through a misunderstanding. The Greek failed to overtake the boat, and as the wind increased in force, Mr Rudduck was soon in difficulties. A return to Dromana was impossible, and to continue to drift meant increasing the danger of his already perilous position.

Observing Mr Rudduck's plight from the pier, Ewart Brindle, a lad of about 12, rode to Rosebud on a bicycle to seek assistance. A few minute after his arrival William Ferrier and Mitchell Lacco, well-known fishermen, John McLear, grocer, and Brindle were facing the gale in a fishing boat, and being drenched to the skin as the waves dashed over the vessel.

When the motor boat was reached it was drifting rapidly in the direction ofthe Heads, and had the rescue been delayed the incident might have been attended by still more unpleasant effects. The fishing boat, however, towed it safely to the Rosebud jetty, where the little group of watchers congratulated Mr Rudduck on his escape, and warmly commended the rescuers on their skilful handling of the boat in the trying circumstances.

Ferrier and Lacco are noted for their fearlessness at sea. Some years ago when the barque La Bella was wrecked offWarrnambool, and when all others considered it suicidal to attempt a rescue, Ferrier rowed to the scene of the disaster in a dinghy saving three of those on board. For his courage the citizens presented him with a purse of sovereigns.
(P.4,The Ballarat Courier, 24-1-1916.)

Ewart Brindle was more likely on the pier to sketch vessels sailing past rather than fishing. It hardly seems to have been a day for fishing. Twenty or so years after leaving Dromana,he produced a fabulous map of Dromana that is a history on its own. This map is available from the Dromana Historical Society. With such fabulous recall,his omission of his heroic deed from his recollections of his days as a schoolboy at Dromana, must have been due to modesty. See my journal THE FAMED MELBOURNE BRINDLE.

Much information about Fred and his stepdaughter Mary B.Stone (a.k.a. Polly Vine)is given in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. Fred was one of the original grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village but was associated with Dromana from early days,Vine being one of the original names on the Dromana State School roll in 1873,the Rosebud school opening a decade later. Fred later lived in a hut on the Dromana foreshore,roughly opposite Seacombe St. How would I know this? Melbourne Brindle's map,of course! There is a photo of Mary in Peter's book and one of Fred on page 73 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

Son of Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck, Ernie expanded the family business to Rosebud and when the shop was burnt in a bushfire, he soon replaced it. He leased the shop to Rosebud residents. Nelson was the grantee of two Rosebud Fishing Village blocks and donated one of them for the Methodist Church. Three reminders of the Rudduck family in Dromana are the beautiful two-storey Piawola, on the highway just east of Arthur St, Karadoc St on "Karadoc" (as is also the vacant paddock donated by the family for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital) and Ruddock Square on the foreshorejust east of the Pier.

See my journal WILLIAM FERRIER: AUSTRALIA-WIDE HERO IN 1905. William sailed out to the wreck with his disabled arm strapped to the mast. Despite this error,the article does credit to the journalist.

I've written a journal about the Laccos. Fort Lacco married a King girl whose sister married a Greek fisherman who probably died after their son, Tony, was born. His mother, Emily, later became Mrs Durham and Tony adopted this surname. Emily later owned Fort's Rosebud Fishing Village block on the east side of Durham Place. Tony's grand daughter was Judith Mavis Cock,better known as Judith Durham of The Seekers. The Laccos are revered as builders of wooden boats and the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce has installed a wooden statue of Mitch Lacco on the Murray-Anderson Rd corner, just across that road from thesite of his boat building premises. Mitchell St may have been named after Mitch.

John McLear married Janet Cairns of Boneo and settled just east of the Dromana Hotel. With Harry Copp and Dohn Griffith,he was one of Dromana's professional fishermen. As he was about 70 at the time of this incident,and died in 1918,it was more likely his son, John (Nip), aged 32, who took part in the rescue. I quote from page 104 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

John (Nip) lived out his life at his father's home.He was Ern Rudduck's right-hand man in the (Dromana) Jetty Store for forty years or more and roved to him in the local football team.... In earlier days he had fished with his father. At one stage he drove Rudduck's grocery cart around the mountain bringing supplies to customers.

As Ernie Rudduck's wife's family seems to have arrived in Dromana not long before W.W.1, the four heroes probably also ensured the lives of Ernie's three children: Rene (Mrs King)who died at Mt Martha in 1988, Grenfell, a very prominent architect honoured by a plaque near Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, and Jack, who starred in sport and academics at Wesley College and was the school captain before becoming a pioneer of the great Australian outback. Jack was killed in 1956 while accompanying his sick youngest daughter on a Flying Doctor plane; it crashed in a violent storm and all aboard were killed.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

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