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ROSEBUD TED (CAIRNS) FINDS JAMES GEORGE DEAD:ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

DROMANA. Mr James George,a very old resident of Rosebud, was found dead in his bed on Tuesday by Mr E. Cairns. Deceased was 83 years of age, and has been residing in the district for upwards of 40 years. Prior to coming to Australia, he served for a number of years in the British navy. He was the recipient of an old age pension, and has been living alone in his little hut at Rosebud for a very long time. He was held in the highest esteem by those who knew him as an honest and upright man. The remains were interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday.
(P.2,Mornington Standard, 7-6-1906.)

There is a photo of James George in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. On page 22, Peter stated that "Old George" was a Greek fisherman, born in Greece in 1819 who arrived in Australia in 1877 and was naturalised in 1899. James made his own rabbit skin boots. If I remember correctly the photo shows James outside his hut.The hut was on the foreshore but he was not assessed on it in 1900 so it must have been outside the boundaries of the Rosebud Fishing Village,perhaps near the Village Green. For some reason, the council must have been unable to levy rates on fishermen squatting on the foreshore such as Old George,Chatfield at Rosebud West and Walter Burnham near the skateboard ramp area at the end of Boneo Rd. Although Henry Bucher was on the fishing village site in 1863, he was not assessed until the Rosebud Fishing Village was declared.

On Page 15 of ROSEBUD:FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA,Isobel Moresby started a discussion of old identities with:
Old George the Greek, massive and curly headed,sat on a bench outside his doorway. (Actually they were my limited notes.) I have found Isobel's book online. It has more description of Old George and the photo outside his hut (without a caption.) See my journal EARLY ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

ROSEBUD, Near Dromana.-Three-roomed furnished COTTAGE to LET. Apply to Edward Cairns, Rosebud.
(P.12,Argus,1-2-1896.)

Edward Cairns,the only descendant of the three original Cairns brothers to have this given name, still managed to acquire the nickname of Rosebud Ted despite the lack of need that existed in the case of Eleanora/Blacks Camp Davey, Carrier/Hill Harry etc. According to a map of early Rosebud,the above cottage was probably across McDowell St from the Safeway site. Ray Cairns mentioned Ted Cairns living on Blacks Camp Davey's grant across Boneo Rd from the Cape Schanck turn off but that was probably much later than 1906. It is likely that Ted made some money each summer by leasing his cottage to holiday makers with his own family roughing it for that period.

Rosebud Ted would have been back in the cottage well and truly by June each year, thus his unpleasant discovery in the fishing village.

BONEO AND FINGAL IN 1902, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. (Cairns,Crichton, Russell, Williams, Patterson etc.)

Round Flinders and Kangerong, BY VIATOR. "Blow winds and crack your cheeks," but whether the wind cracked its cheeks or not it certainly did blow on Tuesday, 17th inst., when I started on my ride round. Starting from Dromana and on through Rosebud to Boneo (the proper name of which, by the way, is Boniyong), I found all crops looking very well indeed. At present the only crops showing are oats for hay, and with a fair season there should be a good return. Messrs Cain and the Cairns family--or I should rather say- clan and Crighton, have areas varying from 10 to 50 acres under hay, and the last-named has a considerable area under barley for his cows. About 30 acres of the old house paddock of the Barker's estate are under crop so that the purchasers have not lost much time in commencing operations- The blocks sold are all fenced with wire and netting and there is really good feed on the uncultivated portions. The chief business at Boneo, at present, is the milk. Messrs Crighton, with about 40 cows; Cairns and Russell, 20 cows; Williams, 20 cows; McGillvray, the same, besides Messrs Purves, Cairns and others at Green Hills, make up the greater portion of the cream suppliers to the butter factory at Mornington, and were it not for Boneo, I hear, the factory might have to shut down for want of cream. How is it that the Shoreham people do not produce more milk? I They seem to have every advantage-land that will will grow any kind of crop, ro? or otherwise-and yet they seem to make no provision for winter f g. There must be a .... woeful lack of energy on the part of the young men in that part. To return to our matter, the idea seems to have got abroad that all the Barkers' Estate is sold. This is not so. There are about 500 acres at Boneo unsold and 1500 acres about the homestead and a good part of this is really first class land, quite equal to that on which onions are now being grown, concerning which more later on: ' After passing Boneo, we come to Cairns'- in fact, to several Cairns' and Pattersons'-all of whom have con- siderable areas under crop, and, as in the other cases,all looking well. All things considered, crops looking well, good feed and milk a good price, the prospects for Boneo this season are extremely good. The only drop of bitterness in the cup that I heard of was the ravages of the bot-fly, Mr A. Cairns, senr., having lost a valuable draught mare from this cause. Mr Sherlock was called in, but what the result of his investigations are I have not heard. So much for Boneo . (To be continued.)
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-6-1902.)

A BIT EXTRA.
John Cain was the son of Owen Cain who established Tyrone, between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd where streets are named after family members (Michael)and maiden names of wives (Murray, Neville). Hill Harry Cairns married the daughter of Michael Cain and his wife (nee Neville.) John Cain owned two crown allotments in Boneo Rd which included the high school site and the historic limestone house just south of Bunnings, in which John's unmarried daughters lived. John also had land fronting Main Creek Rd so he would have passed through Boneo quite often. In earlier days he was the correspondent for the Board of Advice, which looked after the welfare of all the schools within the Kangerong Road District. It is no wonder that Hill Harry became acquainted with a Cain girl.

Donald McGillvray had the land between Little Scotland and the Rosebud Country Club site in 1900.

Edward Williams had land on the north and south side of Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. He had a butchers shop in Sorrento but the competition from the H.W.Wilson& Sons must have been too strong and he moved to Eastbourne before 1900 and was looking after the grantee, Sidney Smith Crispo, one of the Peninsula's greatest characters when he died.

THREE YEARS LATER.
The 1902 article mentioned that all the blocks sold on Barkers' were wire netted. The state governmment provided wire netting loans to shire councils so that farmers could protect their farms and the nation. Once a farm was enclosed, the threat within was trapped and could be eliminated. Ten percent of the loan could be repaid each year by the shire but if the farmers didn't pay their ten percent the shire would be short of money for road maintenance. John Cain hadn't been paying his. Firstly, in case you don't know what the threat was:
The rabbit-proof fence was built to protect Western Australian crops and pasture lands from the destructive scourge of the rabbit. Introduced to Australia in Victoria in the 1850s, the pest rapidly spread across eastern Australia. By 1896 it had been found as far west as Eucla and 200 kilometres further west at Twilight Cove, near Esperance. The fence represents a unique, if inadequate, response to an overwhelming environmental problem.

Construction of the Number 1 Rabbit Proof Fence began in 1901. It stretched 1834 kilometres from the south coast to the northwest coast, along a line north of Burracoppon, 230 kilometres east of Perth. Unfortunately by 1902 rabbits had already been found west of the fence line. The Number 2 Rabbit Proof Fence was built in 1905 in order to stem their advance. Stretching 1166 kilometres from Point Ann on the south coast through Cunderdin, 150 kilometres east of Perth, the new fence joined the original fence line at Gum Creek in the Murchison area.

WIRE NETTING.
A meeting had been called at Dromana to deal with the council accepting a 200 pound payment by John Cain when he should have paid more. This humorous extract from the meeting report contains a dig at Boneo, detail about some of its pioneers such as Harry Cairns (most likely Hill Harry, who was Michael Cain's son-in-law) and finishes with another dig about Sidney Smith Crispo's Australian Capital City, Federanium.

A report was going about from that famous town of Boneo, from one of the petitioners' own party, that they intended suing each councillor for the recovery of interest. Mr Anderson: Kindly give the name, as the statement is not correct. Cr Clark: Very well, it was James Patterson. Mr Anderson denied that he had spoken to him on the subject. Cr Clark said it was also asserted that the council had suppressed portion of the terms of the settlement. This was at down right lie. (Applause.) He defied any man to prove such a statement. Everything that had been done in private went through the council's books, and was read to the public. Mr Harry Cairns, another Boneo representative, had criticised the council in the Standard for dealing with the subject in committee. Mr Cairns was not an authority upon municipal matters,-in fact he was not aware that he was an authority upon anything. (Laughter.) When a question of law was involved, he considered the council was quite justified in going into committee. (Applause.) He was not siding with John Cain in the matter-it was a scandal that the money should have been owing -but had the council gone to law the first man they would have had to prosecute would have been Robert Anderson. He thought there would have been more trouble to get the-200 pounds out of " Bob " Anderson than there would out of " Jack" Cain. (Laughter.) Mr Anderson : I'm not " Bob " to you. (Renewed laughter.) The Chairman requested Cr Clark to avoid personalities. Cr Clark said there was no more show of getting any interest from John Cain, as there was of Boneo getting the Federal capital. (Laughter.) (P.5, Mornington Standard, 1-7-1905.)

FEDERATION. WHAT OUGHT TO BE.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 5 May 1898 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... 'Federanium.' The streets a mile and two miles long. S: 8. CRISPO ...

BONEO.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 17 May 1894 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... sugar beet and sugar making. The 'meeting was convened by Mr. S. S. Crispo of Eastbourne, Rosebud, who ... that the meeting considers it advisable to cultivate sugar beet for the purpose of sugar making, seeing that the land about Boneo district is suitable. The motion was carried and Mr. Crispo then read ... 863 words

WHITE'S HILL DEVIATION IN THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG, VIC., AUST.

FLINDERS & KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. SATURDAY, JUNE 24TH.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 1 July 1905 Edition: MORNING. p 6 Article
... acre for the land required for a deviation at White's hill,

APOLOGY.
As well as expanding available history, historians also have a duty to correct errors that they find, especially their own errors. When I stumbled across a mention of the White's Hill Deviation while doing a search on trove for WHITE, KANGERONG it was a tick before 3 a.m. Several factors, such as my preoccupation to find information about Blooming Bob White, McIlroys being mentioned, that Blooming Bob White had 27 acres fronting the east side of WHITE HILL ROAD from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd and that White Hill Rd south of the Sheehans Rd corner was Wiseman's Deviation, made me jump to the conclusion that the road being discussed was White Hill Rd and that this road should actually be known as White's Hill Rd. (I thought it strange that Red Hill Township and post office would be on a white hill!)

Last night, I had a strange feeling and decided that I needed to confirm my assumption. Upon entering WHITE'S HILL, KANGERONG (the latter word an alternative to Red Hill-which would produce results for Blackwood, Castlemaine, and many other mining areas and hence hours of wasted time), I found a different article and the alarm bells were soon ringing. Edward Jones of Spring Farm was mentioned and the meeting was held at Balnarring. East Riding (east of Red Hill Rd) councillors were heavily involved. Edward Jones owned land in the East Riding as did James and Lawrence White. A brief glance at Balnarring Byways while in the local history room had informed me that The James White homestead was situated on the top of a hill.

It is difficult to determine which road was being discussed but it certainly wasn't White Hill Rd between Moat's Corner and Red Hill, as I had thought. There was talk about buying land from Edward Jones for the deviation.Edward Jones' grant,13A Balnarring of 125+acres was at the east corner of Bittern-Dromana and
Tubbarubba Rds and James and Lawrence White's grants were on both sides of Turners Rd at its junction with Myers Rd. (On Melway: Jones 162 D,E 10,11; Lawrence White 162 J 6-7, John White,executor of James,between Turners Rd-north to the bend- and Marinda Park Vineyard.)

There is a deviation of Bittern-Dromana Rd on Edward Jones' grant, gazetted C.R.B. 1920, 99A; perhaps the council never got around to funding it-support from the Centre and West Riding councillors did not seem to be overwhelming. The White grants were about 3 km north east on the Myers/Turner Rd corner with no connecting road. There do not seem to be any deviations near the White grants.

Edward Jones' other known properties were Spring Farm, Penbank and Criccieth all on or near Mornington-Tyabb Rd and thus in the Shire of Mornington.

W.A.Towler was after compensation for the devaluation of his property because of the deviation but a trove search did not help to locate White's Hill, only showing that he was a Melbourne auctioneer engaged in selling much property in the area from Carrum to Mt Eliza; his son may have been farming there, as a Towler was named in a Balnarring sporting team.

I DON'T LIKE MYSTERIES!
I couldn't leave it at that. The deviation was probably on Edward Jones' grant,the part of Old Bittern-Dromana Rd north of the present road.Edward had wanted 20 pounds an acre for the land and had finally agreed on 5 pounds per acre.Thank to Bill Huntley, I knew that the properties from Junction Rd to Tubbarubba Rd were Craig Avon, Kentucky, Rosslyn, and the farm of Robert Morris, son-in-law of Edward Jones.According to Cr John Shand (of Kentucky Orchard), tons of fruit was being carried along the road and the hill was half a mile long. I needed proof that the six or so acres needed for the deviation was indeed taken from the Jones grant and that a member of the White family had land in the vicinity to account for the name of White's Hill.

1904-5. 79. Mrs Edward Jones,125 acres, 13A Balnarring.
178. Executors of James White (John White), 160 acres Balnarring!
179. Laurence White, 95 acres and house, Bittern.

1905-6.As above except that there is some scribble about Towler.

1906-7.As above but there is no "White" assessment of the 160 acres in the parish of Balnarring. I knew where to look for the new owner. 195. William Towler,agent, 160 acres Balnarring. Also Mrs Edward Jones'125 acres has been crossed out with 120 written very lightly above it. The 1907 assessment is again on the reduced acreage, the rate collector quite satisfied with its accuracy.

Where was this 160 acre property, obviously owned for some time by James White and near the deviation? It could not be to the west as the farms on the north side of the road have already been listed and the Oswin family's "Newstead" was to the south. Two properties fit the bill: J.Joliffe's grant, 21A,directly across Merricks Rd from "Newstead" or the next property east, J.Reidy's 21B, both of 160 acres 2roods and 20 perches. I believe it would have been 21B (Melway 162 D12,right half, to a north east corner opposite Melaleuca Drive )whose southern boundary , and that of 21A, are indicated by the latitude of the Kentucky Rd corner.The part of Old Bittern-Dromana Rd south of the present road passed through 21B and three crown allotments to the east which were granted to J.Rogers.

If any descendants of James White would like information about what happened to his grant on the Myers/Turner Rd corner and when he moved to Joliffe/Reidy's grant, ask in comments and I'll look it up.Laurence White's grant of 95 acres and 3 roods on the west corner is the 95 acre property in the assessments above.

THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO: "LYNDFIELD" IN THE PARISH OF LYNDHURST, VIC., AUST.

As mentioned at the start of my CAIRNS LAND ETC.journal, G.Cairns was granted land in the parish of Lyndhurst in 1881; its location is specified in that journal. Trove seems to indicate that his given name was George.No George Cairns was a descendant of Robert, Alexander or David Cairns of Boneo, therefore I developed a theory that George might be one of their half brothers. While researching David Cairns' eighth child,Alexander Henry Cairns, I discovered that an Alexander Henry Cairns had died at Lyndhurst. THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO had given Alexander Henry Cairns' wife's name as "Lyndhurst Lizzie".


Extract from my CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.
Alex, son of David, probably took up a selection on the Carrum Swamp in the parish of Lyndhurst (north of Seaford Road) which would explain why the family called his wife Lyndhurst Lizzie.

WELL, THAT WAS QUICK! Lizzie was Eliza!
CLAIMS AGAINST SOLICITOR Judgments for £1,991 ADJOURNMENT SOUGHT
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 October 1936 p 11 Article
... Eliza Cairns, aged 70 years, of Lyndhurst, widow, who claimed £1,601. In an iilllduvlt Mrs. Cairns sold ... Frederick Cairns, of Lyndhurst, farmer, adopted son of the lirst applicant. Ile claimed £300 money had und ... 443 words

I reckon this is our Alexander. Elizabeth would be Lyndhurst Lizzie and David's 8th child, born in 1856, would have been about 65 years old in 1920.
Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 January 1920 p 1 Family Notices
... CAIRNS. -On the 19th January, at his residence, Cranbourne road Lyndhurst (late of Wonthaggi), Alexander Henry, the dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Cairns, aged 65 years.

FORGAN (Cairns). - On September 19. at Melbourne, Leslie, loving f0ster-son of the late Elizabeth and Alexander Cairns, and loved brother of Frederick Cairns. Maggie, Josephine, and Elsie Forgan, late of Lyndhurst, aged 35 years.

It now seems that Eliza was Elizabeth and the widow of Alexander unless George had one son named Frederick as well.

On 21-9-1881, G.Cairns was granted crown allotment 121 in the parish of Lyndhurst, consisting of 199 acres and 24 perches. (The map may be viewed online by googling "Lyndhurst, County of Mornington".)With so many roads closed, it is difficult to determine its position but it seems to be at Melway 94 A12 with its north east corner at the bend in Springs Drain in 94 A 11, that drain forming its north west boundary and McMahens Rd and Riverbend Rd on the south and west.


EDITS STOPPED SUBMITTING!
Going back to the death notice of 20-1-1920, AGAIN! BE BACK LATER.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago

LAND IN FINGAL AND WANNAEUE OWNED BY THE CAIRNS FAMILY AND THEIR IN-LAWS, VIC, AUST.

The parishes of Fingal and Wannaeue run west to the line of Government Rd/Weeroona St in Rye where they adjoin the parish of Nepean. Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and Wannaeue extends north to Port Phillip Bay.

See the BONEO IN 1902 journal re land use.

BAYFORD.
See comment boxes re John A.Bayford and W.Bayford. They were not related to the Cairns family or any of their relatives but probably taught their children and John was the grantee of 140 acres on which Chris Cairns was assessed in 1900.


LITTLE SCOTLAND.
The first land occupied by the Cairns family was crown allotment 2 of the parish of Wannaeue, at the north east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.(Melway 170B-C 10-11),consisting of 177 acres 1 rood and 16 perches.
An interesting occupant of a hut on Little Scotland in 1864 was Robert White. This could have been one of the four Irish limeburners from the Rye/Sorrento area or Robert White Senior from Clackmannan (who had married Elizabeth Russell*; in 1875, his son, Blooming Bob White, bought Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue between Adams Avenue and Jetty Rd in Rosebud, and from about 1890 Blooming Bob moved to land fronting the east side of White Hill Rd from Harrisons Rd to McIlroys Rd.In view of the name of Alexander's grant, it is interesting that Robert White Senior died at Menstries Hill, Rosebud.I believe that Menstries Hill was that Rise on which stands 19 Mitchell St, Rosebud.

*Extract from my HILL HILLIS journal.Robert White senior, a shoemaker, was born in Clackmannon,Scotland on 31-8-1804 and married Elizabeth Russell in 1829. With his children, including Robert Jnr, he arrived in Australia aboard the John Linn on 20-6-1859. Robert Snr died on 25-4-1881 at Menstrie Hill, Rosebud.
(Information from Family Tree Circles' toolaroo.)I think Elizabeth's mother's maiden name was Cairns. I also think than Ann White who married Henry Bucher was Robert's sister; she certainly came from Clackmannan, according to Peter Wilson in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

1864. Robert,David and Alex Cairns were jointly assessed on 3 houses, each of four rooms, 320 acres with 8 of them cultivated and a lime kiln. The 320 acres included Menstrie Main.Robert White renting a house from Cairns Bros.
1879.Whether my transcription was faulty or the rate collector forgot them, I have no record. I did not record Fingal assessments and the Wannaeue land may have been included with Maroolaba etc.
1900. John M. Cairns was assessed on 100 acres Wannaeue which may have been part of Little Scotland.
1910.Robert Cairns 188 acres Wannaeue; Alex Henry Cairns,Wonthaggi, 5 acres 2A Wannaeue; Christopher Cairns 15 acres 2A Wannaeue; David Cairns 20 acres 2A Wannaeue; MrA.G.Engstrom 60 acres 2A Wannaeue; Edward Engstrom 20 acres 2A Wannaeue;Mrs J.T.Engstrom 20 acres+20 acres 2A Wannaeue owned by John Boyd who had married Mary Cairns. Robert Cairns was Back Road Bob and his 188 acres did not include any of Little Scotland so 7 acres were not assessed.
1919.David Cairns Jnr 10 acres; Mrs Janet Wilson,Boneo 60 acres. The owners of the other 107 acres might be somewhere among the thousands of new ratepayers but I'd be still transcribing two and a half years later, if I'd copied every assessment. It is possible that the other occupants of 2A Wannaeue were simply forgotten; the ratecollector described 2A as being in section B, but being west of Cape Schanck Rd,it was actually in section A.

MENSTRIE MAINS.(Melway 169 J (right half)K 10-11 with a frontage of 800 metres to Browns Rd and 718 metres to Boneo Rd.)
Clearing Sale. FREEHOLD LAND, STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, ETC. "BONEO, Wednesday, September 27, At 1 p.m. ;On the Premises "'Menstry Mains," BONEO. FOR ABSOLUTE SALE. W. A. KORNES, Auctioneer, and L. WILDING, Agents in conjunction, HAVE received instructions from the Executors of the late Mr Alexander Cairns to sell as above: All that piece of LAND, being Crown Allotment 3, Parish of Wannaeue County of Mornington, containing 143 acres 2 roods 16 perches, or thereabouts, together with all erections thereon including a comfortable 7-roomed home stead, with a store building of two rooms,detached. Complete Stabling, Barn and Outbuildings. 'The land comprises some of the best in the district and the soil is of a dark sandy loam of good quality, splendidly adapted for the growing of early crops. The district is splendidly healthy and picturesque. The property is subdivided into 11 paddocks, securely fenced, and part wire netted, 100 acres thoroughly cleared. Paddocks all well watered and been sown down in English grasses. TERMS--One third Cash, balance in 1 and 2 years at 5 per cent. Possession can be given on completion of Contract of Sale. Title Certificate. ALSO 51 Crossbred Ewes with lambs, 11 2-tooth ewes, 3 Cows, 1 Steer, horse, Chaffcutter, and Horseworks, Jinker, Broad Wheel Dray, Roller, harness and Sundries. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-9-1911.)

Where did the farm name come from? From Stirling, just like the Cairns boys, of course!

83 Years Service on Farm.
A REMARKABLE record of length of domestic service is revealed in the case of the old "maid" of Menstrie Mains Farm. Menstrie, Stirlingshire. Known to several generations of her employer's family simply as Margaret, she has. served with the Gellatlys for 83 years, and is now aged 96. Margaret was only 13 when she "fee'd" herself for service at Menstrie Mains in the year 1848 and she has served all these years with practically unbroken time. Even now. within four years of being a centenarian. Margaret refuses to agree to her employer's suggestion that she should be taking things easier, and still "does her bit" about the farmhouse. Her only physical failing is a slight deafness. She can still read without the aid of spectacles.
(The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Thursday 14 April 1932 p 9 Article)

RATE RECORDS FOR MENSTRIE MAINS
1864. Robert, David and Alex were jointly assessed on Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains (177+143=320.)
1879. Recheck assessments.
1900. Alexander Cairns, Boneo, 144 acres, 3 (section)A, Wannaeue.
1910. Alexander Cairns, 144 acres, lot 3 of BarkersX. The rate collector wrote a cross because he realised that his description was wrong but didn't correct it. It should have been c/a 3, section A, Wannaeue.
1919. Mrs Helen Cairns,Boneo, 144 acres, c/a 3, A, Wannaeue. It should be Miss Helen Cairns, Alexander's 9th child:
i.e. 9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.

BACK ROAD BOB AND FERN VILLA.
The reason part of the name of Robert's house is in bold type is that in Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, the homestead was called Tornvilla and this has been repeated in the Shire of Flinders Heritage Study and (I think) in LIME LAND LEISURE. I first became suspicious when I saw it written as Fernvilla in rate records. So I checked in trove.

Stephen P. Thompson wrote, stating that he had been instructed by Mr Robert Cairns, of " Fern Villa," Rosebud, to write in reference to a drain which had been made along the road opposite his property at Hobson's Flat. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 2-6-1906.) I will later copy and paste SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD, from my DRAMA (DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND) ON TROVE.

Robert Cairns(1848-1937), fifth child of the original David Cairns, was called Back Road Bob because of Anthony's Nose, known to old timers as "The Rocks". Arthurs Seat used to jut into the bay and travellers with drays had the choice of waiting for low tide to travel around the obstacle on the hard-packed beach sand or heading up the hill from the bottom of Foote St in Dromana and following the road to Cape Schanck, which is now the freeway. The original track across the Survey (Safety Beach) used to emerge near Ponderosa Place and a more direct route would have seen them go along Palmerston Avenue to the on-ramp just before Arthurs Seat Rd enters the Park.

Ned Williams cut a road around Anthonys Nose in the mid 1880's and, because of cars, the road was improved in the 1920's. The early pioneers didn't mind using the Cape Schanck road, because that was where they were headed anyway, Maurice Meyrick to Boneo, Jamieson to Cape Schank and not much later,the Barkers to both and George Smith to Wooloowooloomooloo (which I think fronted Cape Schanck road just north of Little Scotland and became part of the Tootgarook Run in 1850.) The lime burners further west,such as Owen Cain, would probably travel down in limecraft or walk all the way from Melbourne as Frankston Pioneer, Henry Cadby Wells and his pregnant wife did circa 1840 to join Robert Rowley,their daughter being the first white child born in Sorrento.

With Holden's store, Watkin's Dromana Hotel, butcher shops and a pier popping up at Dromana,and then Nelson Rudduck's Pier Store, as well as the fishing village at Rosebud and the road around Anthonys Nose, the coastal route became more popular. Hence the road to Cape Schanck became known as the back road and by the early 1900's, it was called the HOBSON'S FLAT ROAD. (If you want a preview of SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD,enter these three words on trove!)

Back Road Bob occupied 108 acres under licence No. 4289 in 1877. This land had a frontage to Cape Schanck Road, now known as Bayview Road.(P.24 THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.) This was crown allotment 32B of 108 acres 3 roods (Melway 170 J2), now full of streets named after cars such as Austin,Riley, and Daimler. Fairway Crescent must have resulted from a later subdivision. Bob received the grant for 32B on 23-12-1887.Robert married Annie Eliza Symonds, member of a pioneering Flinders family.At a cost of two hundred pounds, he built a four roomed wattle and daub house with thick walls,eleven foot ceilings and fireplaces in the parlour and main bedroom.

Robert received grants for c/a 32 of 20 acres on 23-1-1901 and c/a 32G of 20.75 acres on 26-?-1906.The first contained his house block and the second (roughly Melway 171 A2) is now part of Arthurs Seat Park.

After Robert's death in 1937 at the age of 90, relatives occupied the house until after W.W.2. The property was subdivided and later the homestead block became the Marina Heights Estate. This estate was probably at the end of the stupidly named Cairn* Rd where we see Marina Avenue (Melway 170 K 2.)*This should be Cairns Rd just as William Crescent, in which Edward Williams' limestone "Eastbourne" stands solidly at No.17, should be Williams Crescent!



CAIRNS GRANTS.
The details of Little Scotland, Menstie Mains and Back Road Bob's 188 acres are given above. The details below are: Grantee;date of issue if on map; crown allotment; acreage; Melway location.
PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
*W.Cairns; 7-10-1924; 28E; 102a. 1r. 30p.; 171 C4 to Kings Walking Track.
E.Cairns; 17-2-1923; 30F; 49a. 3r. 35p.; 170 parts HJ 6-7, fronting W-F.G.Rd, Comet Crt,Coral Cl, Greenhill Rd, Bayview Cl blocks.
E.Cairns; 4-3-1918; 11C; 56a. 3r. 34p.; bounded by Jetty Rd Eastbourne Rd and Old Cape Schanck Rd (170 F4.)
J.T.Cairns; 23-10-1890?; 6C; 19a. 3r. 21p.; J.T.Cairns; 4-5-1887?; 7A; 60 acres; (Both allotments comprise the green area in 254 C 2,3 and D3 fronting Limestone and Greens Rds, 6c being the northern rectangle.)
J.T.Cairns; 13-1-1886; 10A; 80a. 3r. 26p.; triangle north of 254 E4 bounded by the fire access track leading east from Limestone Rd and Greens and Baldrys Rds as far north as the McPherson Lane corner.

* This was Walter Cairns. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

CAIRNS ASSESSMENTS IN WANNAEUE.(See above for Little Scotland and Menstrie Mains.)
Alex, owner and occupier, 295 acres (Menstrie Mains plus 152 acres.)
Janet and James T.Cairns 177 acres (owner J.Cairns and Co.)
James T.Cairns 149 acres leased from the crown.
Robert 109 acres and buildings leased from the crown (first part of Fernvilla.)
John M.Cairns, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1879. John M.Cairns?, leased from Crown, 100 acres.
1900. Robert Cairns,188 acres i.e.Fern Villa.
David Cairns,260 acres, 13AB. Melway 171 B,E 9,10 fronting Gardens/Two Bays, and Purves Rd.
Chris Cairns 32D 9?? (See COMMENT BOX re C.Cairns, A.Russell and Jn.A Bayford.)
James Thompson Cairns 200 acres Wannaeue and Fingal. (See Fingal grants-40 acres?)

1910. Robert Cairns, Rosebud,188 acres, 32, 32B ( and 32C!) Fern Villa.
Annie Eliza Cairns,lots 29-32 of 17, 112 acres lot 1 of Barkers. C/A 17 was bounded by Pt Nepean, Jetty and Eastbourne Rds and the line of Norm Clark walk (east of Ninth Ave.) Barker's pre-emptive right was bounded by Boneo, Browns, (the closed) Grasslands and Limestone Rds. I do not have subdivision maps for either.
David George Godfrey Brown Cairns, Rosebud,farmer, 111 acres,lots 8 and 9 of Barker's.
David Cairns 102 acres, 31A (This probably should be 130 acres 13A,half of the land he had in 1900.);84 acres 1 of 13A (another part of the 260 acres in 1900); 21 acres,26A,late L.E.Dawson. (Not part of Chapman's Seawinds so it must have been part of Edward Ford's 95 acre grant at the north west corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds,Melway 252 G3; 60 acres (53) Melway 169 H-K 2,3, bounded by the highway, Mirriam Ave,Eastbourne Rd and Elizabeth Ave. (C/A 53 of 60a.2r.34p.)
The following are all described as farmers of Boneo.
David Walter Cairns,95 acres, 2 of 13A??
William Walter Cairns,111 acres, 5 of 29A.
John Dalgleish Cairns,163 acres, 3 of 29A.
Mrs J.D.Cairns, 161 acres Wannaeue.
David and William Cairns, 128 acres,13AB, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and Mirriam Ave. (13B was Martin's Corner.) This was Eleanora Davey whose heritage house still stands at the hospital.
Walter Cairns,87 acres Barker's (probably "Eureka") and 103 acres Wannaeue (i.e.28E-see GRANTS.)
Edward Cairns, contractor,Rosebud, 60 acres, 50 acres, 2lots rosebud, lot 74 of 17; had just sold lots 49-54 of 17 to Alf Hanson.
Mrs Cairns,2 acres and building,Rosebud.

Extract from my GREEN HILLS journal.
lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean. (Melway 171C-F 7 south to Davos St, west to Gardens Rd.)

Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)


1920.
Mrs Annie Eliza Cairns (nee Symonds, Back Road Bob's wife), Fernvilla, Rosebud,lots 1,2,29, 30 of c/a 17 (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk.)
Robert Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 188 acres and buildings,c/a 32, 32ABC,and part 2 section B. The last bit was part of the Burrell's pre-emptive right.George Burston had 368 acres of it which probably included most of the 331 acres of part 2,which was south west of Cape Schanck Rd and south of a line joining the top of The Avenue and Pindara Rd (as far east as the McCrae/Arthurs Seat boundary.) If Robert did indeed have part of c/a 2 section B, he should have been assessed on more than 188 acres.(Fernvilla described earlier.)
James T.Cairns, Boneo, 110 acres and buildings (pt. c/a 2 section B, 81 acres 10A, 80 acres 6(2), 7A, lot 6 on Barker's P.) As described under CAIRNS GRANTS apart from the first entry, except that 6(2) should be 6C and that no land has been added on for lot 6 of Barker's pre-emptive right.
Christina Cairns, c/o Mrs R.Cairns,5 acres of Little Scotland.
Miss Helen Cairns (Walter's daughter), 144 acres and buildings (Menstrie Mains) and 135 acres part 13, section B (171 B-F 9.)
William Cairns, Boneo, 64 acres part 13AB section A (Boneo Rd to Chinamans Creek.)and 121 acres part 20A, section B (most likely all of the Bradys' 21C of 121 acres at Melway 171 K 10 to 190 A 10.)
Miss Eliza Cairns, Eleanora,Rosebud, 72.5 acres c/a13A, part 53 sect.A (the latter from Chinamans Creek to Elizabeth Ave; the former probably east of Chinamans Creek.)
David Cairns, Eleanora, Rosebud, 85 acres, part c/a 13B section B (171 B-F9.)
Mrs Elizabeth Cairns,Rosebud,(probably Rosebud Ted's wife,nee Bucher),lots 43-6 and building,part c/a 17 section A (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk), almost certainly across McDowell St from the Safeway car park entry,Ivy Patterson owning the next block to the west, according to a map drawn by an unknown pioneer.
Edward Cairns(Rosebud Ted), Rosebud, lot 74 and 85, c/a 17 (probably also on the south side of McDowell St), 50 acres c/a 30(2) section B, 57 acres c/a 31A section A. (The first should be 30F,and the second should be 11C, as described under CAIRNS GRANTS.)

WANNAEUE LAND OWNED BY CONNECTED FAMILIES.
If I remember correctly, I discussed this topic to some extent in my BONEO IN 1902 journal.
CAIN.
When Ray Cairns told me that his father, Hill Harry of Maroolaba, had married Mary Agnes Cain, I could hardly believe it; a Presbyterian marrying an Irish Catholic! It seems that our pioneers were far less bigoted than the adults I observed as a small child circa 1950. The Cains had been the mainstays of the Rye Catholics for many decades with priests brought across the bay conducting masses in Cain houses.(Rye Primary School 1667 by P.Appleford.) Owen Cain established Tyrone,between Rye and Canterbury Jetty Rd circa 1843, Centre Rd being his loading road where his bagged lime was taken down the hill and onto the sandbanks at low tide to be loaded onto limecraft. Either side of Centre Rd are streets named after the parents of Hill Harry's wife. Her father was Michael Cain and her mother's maiden name was Neville.

Most of the CAIN grants were in the parish of Nepean but Owen's son, John obtained the grant for one allotment fronting Main Creek Rd:
c/a 21A of 130 acres 2 roods 32 perches, granted on 5-3-1895 (Melway 171 K9 to 190 C9, Main Creek- not shown on the parish map- probably being the eastern boundary.) This was in the Centre Riding and in 1900, John was assessed on the 130 acre farm.
In the West Riding John Cain was assessed on 198 acres, 4A, Wannaeue. (Buildings were probably recorded but I did not transcribe these.) Crown allotment 4, section A, of 198 acres 1 rood and 25 perches adjoined Alexander Cairns'"Menstrie Mains" at a point 718 metres north along Boneo Rd from Browns Rd and continued north to Hiscock Rd, indicated by Melway 170 A7 (bottom third) to A 10 (top third), and extending west as far as Henry Wilson Rd does. This land now houses Bunnings and, just south, the historic remnants of the limestone house in which John Cain's "boys" lived, according to Ray Cairns. (John had no sons so you can guess that his daughters could do the work of any man!)

In 1910,John Cain, Portsea hotelkeeper,was assessed on 130 acres 21A (centre riding) and in the west riding Andrew Buchanan, a grazier from Flinders, was using the 198 acres as well as James Purves' c/a 5 and 6 of 316 acres, between the Wannaeue Estate and Little Scotland,which McIllvray was occupying in 1900.(John may have been leasing the 198 acres from Purves in 1900.)

In 1919, Julia Cain was assessed on the 130 acres on Main Creek Rd. In 1910,James Liddle Purves, a prominent barrister, had just sold 814 acres including the Tootgarook pre-emptive right and John Cain might bought his Boneo Rd land soon afterwards.
John Cain, Rye,326 acres and buildings,part 4,5,6,section A, Wannaeue; 350 acres and buildings, c/a 12,part 4,section A,Wannaeue. Crown Allotment 12 was at the south west corner of Boneo and Eastbourne Rds, extending East to adjoin the present Village Glen (part of Edward Williams' Eastbourne)and south to the southern boundary of Eastbourne Primary School. Hence Cain St just south of the high school.

Although The Cains were a Rye family, by 1864 John and his brother Joseph were well acquainted with Dromana. John was the correspondent for the Board of Advice which was responsible for all the Common Schools within the Kangerong Road District. Colin McLear mentions a request made for improvements to the Dromana school by the correspondent, John Cain, "later of Rye." (Colin pictured the Board of Advice as being the Dromana school committee.) Joseph was one of the earliest grantees of crown allotments in the Dromana Township and was assessed on two lots in 1865. He might have been fishing out of Dromana when he drowned. Joseph's wife (Ann Murray?) went to live on "Tyrone"when he died;hence Murray St near Tyrone's western boundary.

The meeting to form the Kangerong Road board was held at Robert Cairns' house on Little Scotland and guess who one of the foundation members of the Board was: John Cain,who was a member of the Board/shire council for the longest unbroken period. (See my THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS journal.) However the first member of the Cain family to stray eastward, even before Robert Cairns arrived in 1852, was four year old Sarah Cain. (See my journal:
LOST! RYE, BULLA AND FRANKLINFORD, VIC., AUST.)

THE WILLIAMS, RUSSELL AND BUCHER LAND IN WANNAEUE IS DISCUSSED IN COMMENTS, THE LOCATION OF THE BUCHER LAND BEING PINPOINTED THERE AS WELL.
WILLIAMS (VIA EDMONDS).
Edward Williams,related to the Cairns family because of the marriage of his grandson,Ned Edmonds, to Edna, the grand-daughter of the original Alexander Cairns and daughter of Walter, received the grants to the following Wannaeue land.
C/A 27B of 132 acres, granted on 8-6-1875. Melway 169 F (right third),G12 to Eagle Ridge southern boundary with a 279 metre frontage to Truemans Rd in 252 F3.
C/A 39B of 93a. 2r. 8p., granted on 29-6-1877. Melway 169F, G (left half) 10 (south half), 11. Frontage to Browns Rd between the two bends with No.220 shown at the midpoint.
C/A 27A of 20 acres, granted on 2-10-1886. West of 27B, with a western boundary running from the Browns Rd bend in the top right corner of Melway 169 E12 to the Truemans Rd bend at the Peter Thompson Drive corner (from which the southern boundary runs due east to the middle of 252 F1.)

RUSSELL.

WILSON?????? (COUSIN OF GODFREY'S???? ROBERT WILSON, TRUEMANS RD TIP SITE ON ONLINE MAP.)





CAIRNS GRANTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL. ( The parish is south of Limestone Rd. All grants east of Boneo Rd.)
(Grantee; date of issue if given; crown allotment; acreage; location.)
A.H.CAIRNS; 12-7-1902; 2b; 149a. 0r. 37p.; east cnr Limestone (east to bend) and Grasslands Rds (south to No.415.)Melway 253 F 4-6. (Alexander Henry Cairns later moved to Wonthaggi and then Lyndhurst where he died.)
JOHN CAIRNS; 31-7-1885; 10A; 100 acres;fronting Grasslands and Rogers Rds including 505 Grasslands Rd and 176 Grasslands Rd. Melway 253 F-H 8.
ROBERT CAIRNS;8-9-1887; 11; 183a. 3r. 9p.; fronting Grasslands, Pattersons and Rogers Rds. Mel. 253E-H9, part E-H8.
DAVID CAIRNS; 30-3-1914; 9A; 40 acres; most of 253 J 9,fronting Rogers Rd.
JAMES CAIRNS; 29-3-1881; 12; 198a. 0r. 28p.; fronting Boneo and Pattersons Rds, Mel.253C-E 10-11. This was the selection taken up by the original Robert Cairns in 1871 and the site of the Maroolaba Homestead built in 1873 by him. James (1848-1914) was his eldest son but moved away to do contracting work and was buried at Macclesfield. Hill Harry took over the property which later passed to his sons, Charlie and the Boneo Bradman, Ray.
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895 Boneo Road. FOR SALE. $1,900,000. Maroolaba ... and a graceful circa 1873 homestead, Maroolaba is steeped in history and awaits the next chapter in its .

C.CAIRNS; 28-2-1896; 18; 150 acres; bounded by Lightwood Creek and a closed road (Eastern Grey Rise continued to meet creek at left side of 260 B2.)
A.CAIRNS; 29-3-1905; 17; 160a. 3r. 17p.; Melway 260 C-D1, 254 C-E 12,east of the closed road.Adjoins c/a 18.
D.CAIRNS (Blacks Camp Davey); 19-1-1888; 29; 52a. 2r. 25p.; fronting Boneo and Long Point Rds with the north west corner opposite Jones Drive (golf course entry.)
? CAIRNS; 16-9-1901?; 28; 19a. 2r. 13p.; south of Long Point Rd,middle latitudinal third of 259 F4.
M.S. AND R.D.CAIRNS;27-7-24;17a; 22a. 2r. 38p.; bounded by Lightwood Creek(south west), Main Creek (south east) and a closed Road (connecting Greens Rd and the part of Eastern Grey Rise heading south west which crossed Lightwood Creek and joined Long Point Rd at the left side of Melway 260 B2, left half 260C1 andsouth east half 260 B1.



THE IN-LAWS' GRANTS IN FINGAL.

HADDOW.
The death of Mr Archibald Haddow, which took place in Melbourne on Sunday last after a long illness, will be very much regretted by his numerous friends in this district. The deceased, who was 85 years of age, was a son of Mr Haddow, of Cape Schanck, and spent most of his life in the Mornington Peninsula. "For some years he was in business as a coach proprietor in this township, and for a term held the Flinders and Bittern mail contract. His good-natured disposition gained him the best wishes of all he came in contact with, and very much sympathy is felt for his widow (a daughter of the late Mrs Slattery, of Flinders) and his two young children. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Wednesday afternoon last, and the funeral was attended by a very large number of local residents. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 6-6-1908, Flinders.)

Archibald was probably A.Haddow who was granted crown allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal on 5-7-1883. Consisting of 147 acres, this land was on the corner of Cape Schanck and Pattersons Rds (Melway 253 D 8-9) fronting those roads and Grasslands Rd. It was across Grasslands Rd from the grants of John and Robert Cairns and across Patterson Rd from James Cairns' grant. Margaret Haddow married Carrier Harry Cairns who "lived on the corner of Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds." This would be 9A Fingal (Melway 253B8),granted to architect E.Latrobe Bateman, and directly across Old Cape Schanck Rd from Haddow's c/a 9.Archibald sold the "147" acres to "Rudduck" between the assessments of 1888 and 1889,probably nearer the latter,otherwise the rate collector would have entered the assessment under R rather than H. H.N.Rudduck called it "Thornbank".

There was another Haddow/Cairns connection without the usual formalities and John Haddow found that Mary Cairns was high maintenance if you get my drift. (P. 2,Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)

Cairns and Haddow won many contracts with the Flinders and Kangerong Shire to supply road metal circa 1910.

Two Haddow girls married into the Tuck family.
Elizabeth Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Elizabeth_Tuck_records.ashx?pid=75120109
10 Records Born in Flinders, Victoria, Australia on 19 Jan 1885 to Thomas Tuck and Elizabeth Haddow. Elizabeth married John Pigdon and had 8 children.

Catherine Falvey Tuck - Records - Ancestry.com
records.ancestry.com/Catherine_Falvey_Tuck_records.ashx?pid...‎
10 Records Born in Flinders on 1876 to John Tuck and Mary Haddow. Catherine Falvey married Cecil John Jennings and had 9 children. She passed away on ...

James Patterson's sister, Christina (known as Win or Winifred), married one of the Haddow men. Her mother was Christina (nee Cairns), thus providing a further link between the Cairns and Haddow families.

Archie Haddow's grant later became H.N.Rudduck's "Thornbank".

RUSSELL.
Firstly, a reminder of the many-layered Russell-Cairns family connection by way of Mrs Christopher Cairns' death notice. CAIRNS-On the 5th July, at East Melbourne,Margaret, dearly loved wife of Christopher Cairns (Boneo), beloved mother of Ethel and Oscar, youngest daughter of the late Edward and Mary Russell (Boneo), sister of Mrs. J. T. Cairns and Mrs. J. Cairns (Boneo), Mrs .D. Cairns (Flinders), Alex. Russell (Sorrento), Arch Russell (Tooradin), and the late Edward and William Russell, aged 50 years. (P.11, Argus, 10-7-1920.) At this stage, Ethel had not become Mrs Crichton.

Edward Russell had obtained a grant west of the Truemans Rd tip site in 1890 and may have lost it to creditors because of the depression that soon followed. However he obtained a grant in Fingal on what seems to be 15-3-1898. It was crown allotment 4, consisting of 79 acres 3 roods and 27 perches. Located at Melway 253 J-K6, it was a five minute walk north along Grasslands Rd from land granted to John,Robert and D.Cairns.


PATTERSON.
R.PATTERSON (N.B.STENNIKEN,KENNEDY); 13-8-1885; 13; 244a. 2r. 4p.; south cnr Pattersons and Grasslands Rd, Mel.253 F-H 10-11, east of Maroolaba.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-3-1890 ;21; 197a. 3r. 34p.; south of Maroolaba to the bend in Boneo Rd,Melway 253 pt.C, D-E 12, 259 pt.C, D-E 1, pt.2.
J.PATTERSON; 18-2-1876 ; 22; 157a. 3r. 35p.; south of c/a 21 with Boneo Rd frontage from the first bend to a spot opposite the golf course entry (Jones Drive), roughly 259 C-D 2-3.
J.PATTERSON; 2-5-1901 ; 20 (2); 160a. 1r. 31p.; adjoined the eastern boundary of 22, containing some of the field and game area in 259 F 2-3, with its south east corner that of 259 F3. Surrounding H.N.Rudduck's c/a 23 (west corner of Long Point and Rogers Rd, Melway 259 G-H1-2, 153 bottom half D-E12), it had a 314 metre frontage to Rogers Rd adjoining Ralph Patterson's c/a 13. It was separated from William Patterson's c/a 21 by 20A (left half of 253 F12 and 259 F1.)
MARGARET PATTERSON; ?-12-1902 ; 24; 317a. 2r. 11p.; fronted south side of Long Point Rd ,part of which is now the part of the Long Point circuit heading east to Main Creek, Melway 259 H3 to 260 A3 and 259 G4 to K4.
RALPH PATTERSON; 5-9-1902 ; 27b; 75a. 1r. 36p.; 259 J 6-7 north of Long Point Rd.
WILLIAM PATTERSON; 5-9-1902; 26; 119 acres; 259 K 5(bottom half)-8, north of Long Point Rd and fronting Main Creek.


BOYD.
R.Boyd; 8-7-1885; 19; 216a. 1r. 9p.; east corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds, 259 J-K 1-2 and north of the walking track in 260 A-B2, having a frontage to Lightwood Creek, across which were the grants of Chris and Alex Cairns (18 and 17) and as I just discovered 17A, granted to H.S? and A.D.Cairns, of just over 22 acres. About a mile up Rogers Rd were more Cairns grants. Robert Boyd, a carpenter, had been leasing this land from the Crown by 1879 and Mary Cairns,born in 1859 to the original David Cairns would have married John Boyd at about that time.

STENNIKEN.
Rachel Stenniken married Ralph Patterson and two Cairns girls married Ralph's brother, William, so there was a family connection between the Stenniken and Cairns families.
MARY JANE STENNIKEN; 23-2-1902; 14; 142a. 0r. 9p.; between Rogers Rd and Lightwood Creek, Melway 253 J 11-12, across Rogers Rd from Ralph Patterson's c/a 13, with Robert Boyd to the south and C.Cairns to the south east.

Harry Prince married a Stenniken girl and came into ownership of Stenniken land in Fingal according to the late Ray Cairns, probably c/a 14.

ASSESSMENTS IN THE PARISH OF FINGAL FOR THE CAIRNS AND RELATED FAMILIES.
1879.(Most land was probably leased from the crown; only transcriptions done today note this fact.)
Robert Boyd, carpenter,216 acres leased from the crown.
Robert and James Cairns, yoemen,199 acres (i.e.Maroolaba.)
Archibald Haddow, farmer,147 acres and buildings leased from the crown.
James Kennedy, 150 acres leased from the crown. (See STENNIKEN above.)
James Patterson,151 acres leased from the crown.(The father.)
William Patterson, 191 acres leased from the crown.(Elder Son.)
Ralph Patterson, 243 acres leased from the crown.(Second son.)
(On 15-7-1852 the Pattersons sailed from Scotland. James was 35, as was his wife who died at the Ballarat, and their children were Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2.)

1919.(All but one are labelled section C, Fingal. Section C was east and north of Boneo Rd.)
Godfrey, David and James Cairns, Fernvilla, Rosebud, 110 acres c/a 6.
Mrs Joanna(J.T.) Cairns (Crossed out and replaced with "Wilson Bros"), 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Johanna Cairns, 52 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A. This must be "Alva Hill".
Alex Henry*(crossed out and replaced with Mrs Elizabeth) Cairns, Lyndfield, Lyndhurst,150 ac.c/a 2B.
Walter Cairns, 86 acres,part c/a 2.
Mrs Florence Catherine Cairns (Walter's wife, nee Laughton), 168 acres and buildings,part c/a 9a.
Harry Cairns (Carrier Harry), 12 acres and buildings, part c/a 9A, section A.(Should be section C.)
Charles Cairns 106 acres and buildings c/a 10a,part c/a 11.
Robert Cairns,(Fingal,Dromana), 177 acres,part c/a 11,66 acres and buildings, part c/a 12.
David Cairns (ditto),66 acres,part c/a 12.
Henry Cairns (ditto), (Hill Harry)66 acres and buildings,part c/a 12 (i.e. Maroolaba on a third of the grant.)
David and Robert Cairns(ditto), 161 acres c/a 17.
David and Henry Cairns (ditto),150 acres c/a 18.
Edward Cairns,Cape Schanck, 40 acres, c/a 9C.
Mary Russell Estate (c/o A.Russell,Sorrento), 80 acres,c/a 4.
Godfrey Ralph Patterson, (Cape Schanck),294 acres, c/a 1, 8 and 245 acres and buildings c/a 13, 20B.
William R. Patterson, (ditto), 198 acres and buildings c/a 21, and 215 acres and buildings c/a 25.
Ralph Patterson, Dromana, 142 acres c/a 14.
(H.N.Rudduck, Dromana, 147 acres and buildings,"Thornbank" c/a 9-Archie Haddow's grant.)
389 AND 390. Mrs Mary Ann Stenniken c/o H.Wilson. (i forgot to record land.)
John C.Symonds, Flinders, 1100 acres, c/a 34-8,part 40, 414 squiggle, whatever that means!
No assessments in Fingal for BUCHER, BOYD,KENNEDY

*As mentioned earlier, Alexander Henry Cairns moved to Wonthaggi but he may have gone to Lyndhurst first to help a relative, perhaps a half brother, and married Lyndhurst Lizzie. See my journal, THE HALF BROTHERS OF THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO:LYNDFIELD,LYNDHURST.

CRICHTON.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.

The 1864 rate record shows that John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker and outbuildings, Fingal?? Given that the surname was written as Crighton for many years,and that in 1865, John was leasing an 8 roomed house and 640 acres from Barker, I believe that he was leasing part and then all of the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right, directly across Boneo Rd from Glenlee, for which he obtained the grant on 10-1-1875.

Glenlee, bounded by Browns, Boneo and Limestone Rds and extending west to the Eagle Ridge golf course's east boundary, was directly across Browns Rd from Alexander Cairns' Menstrie Mains and a jaywalk of just over 20 metres from Little Scotland (which was directly across Browns Rd from the Boneo pre-emptive right, where John Crichton had first settled. (The Barkers were more interested in their Cape Schanck run and the second house built there, in the parish of Flinders, became Clondrisse.)

With the two families having been neighbours since about 1860, it was inevitable that there would eventually be a family connection. To add to the neighbourly bond, Alex Crichton farmed Lovie's grants (40AB, 41, 42, 43)
by 1879 and for several decades. This 638 acre property,with frontages to Browns, Truemans and Hiscock Rds, extended east to the end of Henry Wilson Drive and is indicated by Melway 169 D-J 8,9,part 10, and 169 H, part G and J, 10-11. It adjoined one of Edward Williams' grants and Menstrie Mains, Alexander Cairns' grant.

Yet another instance of Cairns/Crichton being neighbours existed by 1879 with Hugh Crichton's 314 acres of bushland (10B and 9B at Melway 254 H 4,containing Splitters Creek, Valleyview Lane and Uplands Drive)being quite close to James Thompson Cairns' grants (Melway 254 E2 and C3.)

PATTERSON.
Most local historians stick to writing about their own turf but there were many instances (H.C.Wells, R.Rowley, Robert Morris,Tommy Loft and the Orr boys, Theodore Napier,Percy Hurren etc) where pioneers were cheeky enough to stray from their designated boundaries.Sarah Wilson disappeared from the Survey as did the Pattersons. The Pattersons suddenly appeared at Fingal circa 1870 and later "left the district" at about the same time as an unknown Patterson family appeared near Wallaces Rd on the east end of the Survey.

Most of the pioneers on Jamieson's Special Survey moved, but not very far. Henry Dunn established Four Winds at Red Hill and was a grantee in the parish of Moorooduc near Dunns Rd,the McLears, Peateys, Clydesdales, Gibsons, Watson Eaton and many other bought land near Dromana, Charles Graves went to Shoreham, George Wilson
at Stony Creek near Shands Rd, Anthony Connell and George Young went just north to Moorooduc and so on.

Using evidence in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO (when the sudden appearances and disappearances are ignored), it is possible to believe that the Pattersons returned to the original place of settlement when they left Fingal. There is still a gap but this might be explained by R.Patterson, grantee of crown allotment 44, parish of Balnarring, on 26-11-1874. This land (Melway 192 E 12 and south east to the coast)is not far from land granted to the Kennedy family.

We'll start with THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James Patterson, a ploughman aged 35, with his wife of the same age and their four children, Margaret 8, William 6, Ralph 4 and Isabella 2, left their home somewhere in the vicinity of Duns, in Berwickshire, Scotland, to try their luck in Australia. Duns is a short distance inland and west of the town of Berwick, situated at the mouth of the Tweed River, in South Eastern Scotland. They sailed on 15-7-1852 from Greenock, on the west coast of Scotland, at the mouth of the Clyde River, aboard the 1144 ton ship,the "Lord Warrington" which carried 381 passengers, all bound for Melbourne. The Pattersons were unassisted passengers.

After disembarking in October, the family tried the diggings at Ballarat where Mrs Patterson died and was buried. (In about 1871, the Pattersons came to the Southern Peninsula.) Do you share my feeling that about 20 episodes of the saga are missing? If you were James, wouldn't you look for a female relative to help bring up your children?

A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
P.27.A map showing early settlers on the Survey has the Peatey, Paterson and Clydesdale houses on the north bank of Dunns Creek roughly where the freeway crosses the creek near Lakeside Court. If the spelling of Patterson makes you doubt that this could be the Fingal family, Peter Wilson wrote:"On the shipping list Pattersons name is spelt with only one T".
P.45. Bruces of the well known firm of Paterson, Lang and Bruce had a house on the Survey just south of Ellerina Rd. (The Patterson name also appeared in business partnerships with Brownlee and Ray,surnames of early large leaseholds on the survey but there is no proof that the Fingal Pattersons were involved in any of these firms.)
P.47. The Wilson brothers bought land from Patersons, Downwards and Gibsons.
P.67. On 25-11-1888,Wm. Patterson's grey mare (JC) was put in the paddock with (George McLear's) Gay Lad.
P.85. Walter Paterson 1864. Lived at Cape Schanck. At one time a Paterson bought and held land on the Survey. This was on the north-east corner of Nepean Highway and what is now called Wallaces Lane. To old-timers the latter is still Paterson's Lane.
P.133. Among the first pupils on the register (presumably in 1873 when the Dromana Common School became a state school)were James, Isobel and Margaret Patterson.
P.62. Janet Patterson (Mrs Fred Warren.)An artist named Fred Warren a protege of Samuel Rudduck painted a religious text in the Dromana Methodist Church. He married Janet Patterson of Boneo. Mrs Warren conducted a refreshment shop in Dromana's main street during her long widowhood.
P.163. Jimmy Patterson was a member of Dromana Football Club's first premiership team in 1931. The photo on page 132 shows Bill Patterson but no Jim.

The above was intended to fill the void between Ballarat and Fingal,as were the family notices that follow. What I really need is a thorough obituary. I'LL KEEP LOOKING. (V&I.M?)

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
p.26. It was not long after Robert Cairns moved from Little Scotland to a selection of 200 acres (198 acres elsewhere in the book)that the Pattersons came to the southern Peninsula. In 1876,James Patterson alienated (obtained his grant, after selecting and carrying out the required improvements,probably during a five-year lease) 157 acres at Fingal.The Pattersons selected all the land adjoining Robert's property."Braeside" was built on J.Patterson Snr's selection and was later owned by his namesake son. W.Patterson's 200 acre block was beside Robert's and R.Patterson's behind.Later the Pattersons owned a large frontage to the Boneo-Flinders road stretching from Long Point Rd to Main Creek (Melway 259 F5 to K8.)

The Pattersons were good horsemen and gained employment with James Purves at the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, often taking horses to Kirk's Bazaar at Flemington. As they cleared land, they grazed sheep and cattle, grew potatoes and supplied chaff for the cabbies at Sorrento (until they lost the contract with Stringers'.)

James Patterson's elder son, William (1846-1916) married David Cairn's Christina.They had a son, James(b.1871)and then three daughters: Janet (Mrs Warren), Sarah (Mrs Bucher) and Christina, known as Win (Mrs Haddow.) Christina died in 1877, when Win was only 5 weeks old. William remarried in 1880 to Robert Cairns' Margaret. They had one child, William, (1889-1953) who later married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns' and Elizabeth (nee Bucher.)

Jim (born 1871 but 1870-1948 later!)married Mary Ellis,(probably related to Smith Ellis of Flinders.)He extended Braeside using stone and later ran a guest house called Antrimin Sorrento's main street. In 1931, his two sons Alex and Ross established Pattersons Motors (near Rosebud Beach Safeway site-see ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Alexmarried May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, the younger of Rosebud Ted's daughters.Ross and Ivy's sons, Barry and Max, carried on Patterson's Motors(probably on the McCrae Plaza site, judging by Peter's description.)

PATTERSON.-On August 6, at his residence. Nepean Highway, Rosebud, James, dearly beloved husband of Mary Graham, loving father of Alex., Ross, Molly; and Janet, loving grandpa of Barry, Alan, Sandra, Margaret, Max, Katherine, and Michael, brother of Winifred (Mrs. Haddow). Janet (Mrs. Warren, deceased), and Sarah (Mrs. Bucher, deceased), aged 77 years. (P.11, Argus, 8-8-1949.)

James Patterson's second son, Ralph, married Rachel Stenniken and lived in a clay brick house in Pattersons Rd.
They had six children,Jim, Sam, Sarah(Mrs Kennedy), Jessie (Mrs Edwards), Topsy (Mrs Dean), and Godfrey. All of the family moved away from the district, Godfrey being the last to leave. He had four children who attended school at Cape Schanck, then at Boneo.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, 27 Shaftesbury avenue, Malvern, Ralph, relict of the late Rachel Patterson, and dearly loved father of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, de- ceased), James (South Africa), Godfrey (Belgrave), Margaret (Mrs. Edwards), Samuel (Sydney), and Jessie (Mrs Dean), in his 83rd year, late Cape Schanck. A colonist of 78 years.

PATTERSON.On the 4th December, at his son- in-law's residence, Malvern, Ralph, dearly loved grandpa of Ralph Kennedy, Muriel Hedley (nee Kennedy), Arthur Patterson (South Africa), Leslie, Sarah, Jean, Claire Patterson (Belgrave), George and Dorothy Edwards, Ivy, Olive, Rachel, Jack, Marie, and Kenneth Patterson (Sydney), Jessie, Alfred, and Frances Dean, late Cape Schanck.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 6 December 1930 p 13 Family Notices)

EDWARDS-PATTERSON -(Silver Wedding). -On the 21st November, 1904, at St. Mark's Church,Dromana, by the late Rev. Edwin Rodda, Arthur J., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Edwards, Daylesford to Margaret (Dollie), daughter of Mr. Ralph and the late Rachel Patterson, Cape Schanck. (Present address, Verona, 27 Shaftes- bury avenue, Malvern.)
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 November 1929 p 1 Family Notices)

PATTERSON. �On the 21st July, at Rokeby, David-street, Albury, the wife of James Patterson, of Walla Walla, N.S.W., late Cape Schanck �a daughter (Molly).
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 13 August 1910 p 11 Family Notices)

PATTERSON,(nee Debney).-On. the 14th December, at Mt. St Evins private hospital. Fitzroy, Jean Muirhead, beloved wife of Councillor G. R. Patterson, of "Pine Grove," Cape Schanck, and fond mother of Leslie Washington, and Sarah Rachel, only daughter of G. W. Debney, Dromana. (Privately interred Melbourne General Cemetery 15/12/16.)The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 16 December 1916 p 13 Family Notices

Rachel's sister Maria, married Godfrey Burdett Wilson, who led the rapid expansion of H.W.WILSON AND SONS,
BUTCHERS. TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT.

PATTERSON. On the 26th May, 1923, at her residence, McCulloch street, Dromana, Rachel,the beloved wife of Ralph Patterson, loving brother of Sarah (Mrs. Kennedy, deceased), Jim (South Africa), Godfrey, Margaret (Mrs.Edwards), Sam (Sydney),and Jessie (Mrs. Dean),and loving sister of Annie (Mrs. West), Sarah(Mrs. Kenyon), Maria (Mrs. Wilson), Samuel,Benjamin, Mary, and Elizabeth Stenniken, and Jesse (Mrs. Dalton), aged 73 years. A patient sufferer at rest.

PATTERSON (nee Stenniken). On the 26th May,at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Rachel, the dearly beloved wife of Ralph Patterson of Cape Schanck, loved mother of Sarah (deceased),James, Godfrey, Margaret, Samuel, and Jesse, 73 years 7 months. (P.1, Argus, 30-5-1923.) Rachel was a Stenniken and sister in law to the two Cairns girls who married Ralph's older brother, William. Therefore the Stennikens and Cairns were distantly related.


RUSSELL.
Three of David Cairns' sons married Russell girls.James (1840-1929) married Johanna,David (1842-1923) married Elizabeth, and Christopher (1863-1947) married Margaret. James and Christopher were buried at Rye and "Blacks Camp" David at Flinders. Their children are listed in the CAIRNS GENEALOGY journal.

Robert Cairns' son,John (1850-1914), married Mary Russell and was buried at Rye.
TROUBLE SUBMITTING-SEE COMMENT RE RUSSELL GENEALOGY.

22 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago

CAIRNS GENEALOGY, BONEO ETC, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST. (and Tassie!)

P.11, THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.
JAMES AND JANET CAIRNS.
James and Janet Cairns (nee Cunningham) lived in Stirlingshire, Scotland. Stirlingshire is south of the river Forth and east of Loch Lomond. Some local names appearing on papers held by members of the family who made the trip to Australia, are Clackmannon (sic), Blairbogie, Alva and Menstrey(sic?).

Three sons of James and Janet Cairns, Robert, David and Alexander and a daughter Elizabeth, all came to Victoria and eventually settled at Boneo.

When James wife Janet died in Scotland he remarried. His second wife was a woman of some wealth. Together they reared a second family who were step-brothers to Robert, David, Alexander and Elizabeth. Members of the second family also came out to Australia in the 1850's. In Scotland they owned the "Carron" Timber Mills and also ships of their own. They brought with them prefabricated houses, one of which was to be erected ready to accommodate Robert and Mary Cairns on their arrival in Melbourne.

ROBERT AND MARY CAIRNS.
...with their three sons, James 3,John 2, and Robert, an infant, sailed from Scotland, via Liverpool,on the sailing ship,"Europa", 1088 tons, under its Master, Hamilton Oliver, on the 17th June 1852. They arrived in Melbourne on 15th September of the same year.

....Robert's age is shown as 36 years and Mary's 35. No reason can be given for the advancement of the ages, but they do show a discrepancy with those recorded later on the death certificates. It is generally accepted by the descendants that the ages shown on the death certificates are more accurate.

.......On the arrival of the "Europa" at Port Phillip Heads, Robert Cairns found the ship bringing his step brothers, and their prefabricated houses, delayed just inside the Heads. After an exchange of greetings, the "Europa" proceeded on to Port Melbourne.

The delay to Robert's step brothers was only short term and they were soon reunited at Port Melbourne. Robert stayed on in Melbourne and assisted with the location and erection of the prefabricated houses in Prahran.

Robert's step brothers are said to have settled at Port Melbourne, establishing the Carron Timber Mill, which in later years became Sharp's Timber Co.


Elizabeth's death certificate shows that she was indeed the sister of Robert, David and Alexander Cairns. The curious thing is that she was born in 1814 and that Alexander was born in 1827. If Janet died during or soon after Alexander's birth, the first of the step brothers would have been born in 1828, making him only 24 or so on his arrival in Port Phillip Bay in 1852.

The reason for the delay inside the heads would have been a very thorough inspection by officials from the quarantine station which had been hastily transferred from Elwood in 1852 after the arrival of the fever ship (Ticondera?) Perhaps some passengers from the step-brothers' ship were infected and had to be taken ashore to the tents awaiting them on shore, no buildings having yet been erected.

As Elizabeth was born in 1814, the ages on the shipping list may have been the correct ones, not the ones given on death certificates. In 1852, Robert's age was given as 36 and Mary's as 35. In 1854, David's age was stated as 40 and his wife's as 36; Alex was said to be 35 and his wife 30.

The approximate birth year of each, as indicated by the shipping list, is given for each below, followed in brackets by the details supplied at the end of the book.
David Cairns c.1814(1821-1870.) Janet,nee Thompson c.1818 (1818-1880.)
Robert Cairns c.1816 (1820-1884.) Mary, nee Drysdale c.1817 (1828-1901.)
Alexander Cairns c.1819 (1827-1911.) Janet, nee Dalgleish c.1824 (1827-1898.)


Oliver and Sarah Wilson's ages were falsified on the passenger lists so they could qualify as bounty (assisted) passengers and Back Yard Bob's opponent in the shovel trouble at Rosebud, Robert Henry Adams, falsified the date of his father's marriage on his own wedding certificate so gentlewoman, Miss Hopcraft,would not discover that he was a b-st-rd. However the Cairns families were unassisted passengers and had no reason to lie.

To check the possibility of the shipping records being right,let's examine the age (based on the shipping records) of each wife at the birth of their last child:
David's Janet, (Rosebud Ted 1865), 47; Robert's Mary (Mary 1872), 55; Alexander's Janet(Walter 1870), 46.
To have a child at these ages would be most unusual today but these women would have been very healthy and would have had the birthing business down to a fine art after the previous 11, 10 and 9 (respectively) births.

Let's examine the ages of the husbands in the year of the birth of their first child. (Shipping list/Death Cert.)
David (James 1840)26/19; Robert (James 1848)32/28; Alex (James 1850)31/23.
David's details present the best case for preferring the shipping list ages.



ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Menstrey, Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.

(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common from Rosebud/Boneo to the Heads. Slab huts were more likely to be built in forest areas, and much of the Arthurs Seat timber disappeared for piers,sleepers, firewood etc so some limestone houses may have been built further east for want of timber. Slab buildings were not a sign of lower financial status, the McCrae Homestead being a good example.)

Robert, David and Alexander shared Little Scotland on the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd until in 1870, Alexander moved to his grant on the north west corner.Colin McLear recalled a visit to Little Scotland made by George McLear, accompanying his mother's business partner, hawker, Charles Graves (who sold Marysfield to her in 1860 to become a Shoreham storekeeper with over 300 acres in the parish of Flinders.) One of the flock of snowy-haired children complained,"Ae Cannae crruck a whee whup yet!" (P.98, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)


Robert did later select some land in the parish of Fingal, 198 acres on the east side of Boneo Rd, in July 1871 and on it built Maroolaba in 1873.Give location details from p.map later!!!

Robert and Mary's children were:
1. JAMES ,1848-1914, married Emily Hynes, buried Macclesfield; he and brothers contracted to Victorian Railways at Camperdown and then near Murchison. Erected a theatre in Queenstown, Tas. C.1895. Issue:Robert, Alan,Donald, Charles, Herbert and Alice.
2. JOHN, 1850-1914, married Mary Russell, buried Rye. Issue:Robert and Charles.
3. ROBERT, 1852-1920, buried Rye.
4. MARGARET, 1854-1920, buried Rye. Married William Patterson in 1880 after Christina (Davids 6th) had died. Issue: William Jnr. who married Rosebud Ted's daughter Ruby.
5. DAVID, 1856-7, buried Boneo.
6. ALEX, 1859-1930, married Suzanne Lawson, buried Tasmania. Issue: Jean.
7. CHARLES, 1862-1889, buried Boneo.
8. DAVID, 1863-1930, buried Rye.
9. JANET, 1865-1934, married Robert Wilson, buried Rye. Issue:Mary, Frank, Madge.
10. HENRY, 1867-1948, married Mary Agnes Cain (daughter of Michael), buried Rye. HILL HARRY. Inherited Maroolaba. Issue:Charles, Raymond (made one more century!), Harry.
12. MARY, 1872-1914, buried Rye.

ALEXANDER CAIRNS (1827-1911) was married in Scotland to JANET DALGLEISH (1827-1898.) Both were buried at Rye. Janet's maiden name is recalled by Dalgleish St (Melway 170A2) on crown allotment 13, section A, Wannaeue, purchased in the early 1900's by her sons David and William.)
Alexander and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES , born 1850.
2. JOHN, 1852-1951, married Emma Baldry, buried Rye.Issue: Douglas*, Mabel, Reuban (A.I.F.), Beatrice.
3. ALEX, 1854-1912, buried Rye.
4. ROBERT, 1856-1910, buried Rye.
5. JANET, 1859-1909,married William Brent, buried Flinders. Issue:Richard (A.I.F.), Alexander.
6. DAVID, 1861-1935, buried Rye. ELEANORA DAVEY.
7. WILLIAM, 1864-1938, buried Rye.
8. ELIZABETH, 1865-1948, buried Rye.
9. HELEN, 1869-1946, buried Rye.
10. WALTER, 1870-1956, married Flo Laughton, buried Rye.
See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal.

DAVID CAIRNS (1821-1870) was married in Scotland to JANET THOMPSON (1819-1880.) Both were buried at Rye.

David and Janet's children were:
1. JAMES, 1840-1929, married Johanna Russell, buried Rye. Rabbit Inspector for the shire. His farm was called Alva Hill. Issue: Arthur, Belle, Lily, Violet, Percy.
2. DAVID, 1842-1923, married Elizabeth Russell, buried Flinders. BLACKS CAMP DAVEY. See the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal re the 1897 accident and the guest house at Flinders. Issue: David, Edward, James, Archie, Mary*, Jennie, William, Jane Brown, Edith, Christopher Ernest, Bertie, Alice. (* See Cairns V Haddow, P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-10-1901.)
3. JANE BROWN, 1844-1897, buried Dromana. Inherited Little Scotland in 1880; this probably be part of Little Scotland. See rate records in future journal CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL.
4. JOHN, born 1846, married Ada Morgan. Issue: Joseph, Janet, Harry, Charles, James.
5. ROBERT, 1848-1937, married Annie Symonds, buried Dromana. BACK ROAD BOB. See SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD in the future CAIRNS LAND journal. Issue: James, David, George, Godfrey (A.I.F.)
6. CHRISTINA, 1850-1877, William Pattersons first wife, buried Dromana. Issue: James, Janet, Sarah and Christina (Win.)
7. JANET, 1853-1913, married John McLear (b. N.S.W.11-7-1846) on 4-5-1874, buried Dromana. Issue: Janet (Jessie?), Martha 1876, William 1880, George (George Albert 1882), John 1884, (Mary, Jane; actually Mary Jane born in 1886), Jean 1889, Lily 1891, Christopher Henry1893, James 1896.
8. ALEX, born 1856, married Lyndhurst Lizzie.
9. MARY, born 1859, married John Boyd. Issue: Jean, Edith.
10. HENRY, born 1861, married Margaret Haddow, buried Dromana. CARRIER HARRY. Lived at junction of Boneo Rd and the now closed Cape Schanck Rd. Issue: Maude.
11. CHRISTOPHER,1863-1947,married Margaret Russell, buried Rye. Issue: Ethel, Oscar.
CAIRNS.-0n May 23, at Castlemaine,Christopher, beloved husband of the the late Margaret Cairns, loving father of Ethel(Mrs Crichton, deceased) and Oscar, aged 86 years. -At rest. (P.9, Argus, 25-5-1949.)
According to THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, Christopher died in 1947.


12. EDWARD, 1865-1943, married Elizabeth Bucher, buried Dromana. ROSEBUD TED. Issue: Ruby (who married William Patterson Jnr.), Roy, Leslie, Ivy.

THE IN-LAWS.
HYNES, LAWSON, RUSSELL, PATTERSON, WILSON, CAIN, BALDRY, BRENT, LAUGHTON, MORGAN, SYMONDS, MCLEAR, BOYD, HADDOW, BUCHER,
The family connections with the Hynes, Lawson and Morgan families probably took place outside the Peninsula; please make a comment if you have knowledge to the contrary. The Brent/Laughton/Walter Cairns connection is discussed in my GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. The reasons for the other connections, in terms of farm locations, employment etc. will be discussed in my future journal, CAIRNS LAND IN WANNAEUE AND FINGAL, MORNINGTON PENINSULA.
Colin McLear gives much genealogical detail in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. John McLear (1846-1918) who married David and Janets 7th child, Janet, was one of three professional fishermen at Dromana, his house being next to the Dromana Hotel. (See my journal PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST, DROMANA.) From Colins information, I have inserted the year of birth of each of John and Janets children. (Above.) Alex, son of David, probably took up a selection on the Carrum Swamp in the parish of Lyndhurst (north of Seaford Road) which would explain why the family called his wife Lyndhurst Lizzie.

WELL, THAT WAS QUICK! Lizzie was Eliza!
CLAIMS AGAINST SOLICITOR Judgments for £1,991 ADJOURNMENT SOUGHT
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 6 October 1936 p 11 Article
... Eliza Cairns, aged 70 years, of Lyndhurst, widow, who claimed £1,601. In an iilllduvlt Mrs. Cairns sold ... Frederick Cairns, of Lyndhurst, farmer, adopted son of the lirst applicant. Ile claimed £300 money had und ... 443 words
Oops! I was a bit hasty there. I think Eliza was the widow of George Cairns, a pioneer of the parish of Lyndhurst, and one of the half brothers of Robert, David and Alexander.

I reckon this is our Alexander.Elizabeth would be Lyndhurst Lizzie and David's 8th child, born in 1856, would have been about 65 years old in 1920.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 20 January 1920 p 1 Family Notices
... CAIRNS. -On the 19th January, at his residence, Cranbourne road Lyndhurst (late of Wonthaggi), Alexander Henry, the dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Cairns, aged 65 years.

FORGAN (Cairns). - On September 19. at Melbourne, Leslie, loving f0ster-son of the late Elizabeth and Alexander Cairns, and loved brother- of Frederick Cairns. Maggie, Josephine, and Elsie Forgan, late of Lynd- hurst, aged 35 years.

It now seems that Eliza was Elizabeth and the widow of Alexander unless George had one son named Frederick as well.

On 21-9-1881, G.Cairns was granted crown allotment 121 in the parish of Lyndhurst, consisting of 199 acres and 24 perches. (The map may be viewed online by googling "Lyndhurst, County of Mornington".)With so many roads closed, it is difficult to determine its position but it seems to be at Melway 94 A12 with its north east corner at the bend in Springs Drain in 94 A 11, that drain forming its north west boundary and McMahens Rd and Riverbend Rd on the south and west.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago

THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, FINGAL, ROSEBUD AND RYE, VIC., AUST.

When it comes to being side-tracked, I reckon I must be the world champ.Not long ago,I promised to stick to my Red Hill Dictionary History. And I did until I started the CONNELL entry. CONNELL>WILSON>YOUNG>TURNER>GOMM>PURVES>SOMERVILLE>PURVES>WILLIAM JOHNSON/JOHNSTONE>UNRELATED GEORGE JOHNSTONE>GREEN HILLS is a summary of my mental wanderings. Hopefully I will purge myself of the urge and get back to my Red Hill research after this final fling.

What caused my desire to write this journal was laughter in the courtroom at Dromana. One of the Cairns family, Carrier Harry I think, was suing Alf Head for the cost of repairs to his trap after Alf had caused a prang during a race at the Kangerong/Dromana Show. William Patterson was giving evidence when he was asked if he was related to Cairns. After the affirmative answer, a smart Alec lawyer (Hall?) commented,"Everyone's related down here." Some wag asked,"Are you?" and the courtroom erupted into laughter.

Basically, I will reproduce my notes from Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. It took many hours to assign nicknames in the genealogy from clues offered throughout the book. As I was writing notes from many local history books and transcribing rates,my notes are very brief and concern mainly genealogy, and only to the marriage of Robert, David and Alexander's children. The GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal contains much information about Alex,his son Walter and Walter's daughter Olive. I also plan to give the locations of the grants obtained by members of the family and other farms detailed in rate books. I will also paste text from TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS. Dick Parker had told me I should interview Ray, but I wasn't sure where Ray was until he scored his last century, when an article about the Boneo Bradman led to an interview ten days after his hundredth birthday.

ROBERT CAIRNS (1820-1884) was married in Scotland to MARY DRYSDALE (1828-1901.) Robert was buried at the cemetery on Alexander's grant at Boneo and Mary was buried at Rye. Mary's parents, who came out with them, settled on the other side of the bay and gave Drysdale its name. Mary Campbell, who came out with them in 1852, with Robert as her guardian and probably helping Mary with the children, later became a relative via the Edmonds family, her daughter and Walter's daughter both marrying into this family. Robert most likely bought his grant at Boneo at auction because this was before the days of selection as far as I know; selection was enabled by the Land Acts of the 1860's. Robert had intended farming but got into lime burning which proved so lucrative that he was able to help his brothers,David and Alexander to come out in 1854.


(Something I had intended to put into the GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE journal. Robert obviously came with some money. Alex Johnstone stated that the limestone houses erected by Cairns family members were indicative of money. However the fact is that pioneers used the material that was most readily available, and limestone was common ABANDONED DUE TO MULTIPLE FAILED ATTEMPTS TO SUBMIT EDITS.

3 comment(s), latest 11 months, 3 weeks ago

GREEN HILLS, PURVES RD., ROSEBUD/DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

While writing the George and Ollie Johnstone journal, I determined from Alex Johnstone's email that George's 180 acres bought from James Purves was the southern portion of The late Dr Hearn's Green Hills.(Lot 7 below.)
In the advertisement re Dr Hearn's estate in 1891,Green Hills was obviously the name of a farm, just as Roselands was the name of the farm across Purves Rd.
GREEN HILLS-MELWAY 171 C-F7,west to Gardens Rd, south to Davos St.
ROSELANDS- MELWAY 171 G-K 7,8, from Wilson Rd corner south to opposite the Davos St corner, and fronting Rurves and Main Creek Rds.

lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean.

Lot 8 -Roselands being Allotment 22, parish of Wannaeue containing 265 acres 2 roods 22 perches good grazing land, fenced, separated from Green Hills by Government-road.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891, Sale of the estate of the late Dr.Hearn of Heronswood,column 6.)

While investigating Walter Cairns' Quamby and Ned and Edna Cairns' land at the end of Duells Rd, I discovered in my transcription of the 1900 rates:DAVID CAIRNS, 260 ACRES,13AB, WANNAEUE, GREENHILLS.
What's more, James Purves was assessed on 180 acres, 14AB Wannaeue, not 29AB,despite Hector Hanson's statement that "up at 'Green Hills' the men were clearing the land,putting in underground wells and building the shingle roofed sheds and dairy" in the late 1880's when Emily Purves and her younger sister Frances had their frightening encounter with seven aborigines at Tootgarook.

13AB, MELWAY 171 B-F9,from Davos St to opposite 463 Purves Rd and west to Two Bays Walking Track.
14AB, MELWAY 171 d-E11, fronting Purves Rd (south of a point opposite No.463) and Browns Rd (to a point opposite No. 27.)

Crown allotments 14AB were granted to James Purves on 10-11-1869. This was probably the son of Peter Purves Senior,not Peter's architect brother. It is likely that James had bought his land in the parish of Fingal and 14AB with money inherited from his father circa 1860 when Peter died.

It seems that the name of Dr. Hearn's farm "Green Hills" had been used to describe the locality, as in the case of John McKerchar's "Greenvale" and John Brock's "Janefield" near Bundoora. Purves Rd (the Government road in the 1891 advertisement) seems to have been known as Green Hills Rd by 1899.



DEATHS. QUINAN. On the 21st of June, at 'Green Hills.' Dromana, Victoria, Frances Emma, in her 85th year, relict of the late R. D. D. Quinan, and mother of Mrs, John Laird, Gawler, Mrs. James Purves, Victoria, and Robert and Arthur Quinan, W. A., and sister in-law of Lady - Ribton, Henry and Dr. E. Quinan, Dublin, Ireland. Dublin papers please copy.
Family Notices. Bunyip (Gawler, SA : 1863 - 1954) Friday 5 July 1907 p 2

LENZ-PURVES - On the 20th December 1899 at St John's Church Dromana by the Rev M M Witton. Gustaf F.P. LENZ of Gawler, South Australia to Emily*, eldest daughter of James Purves, Green Hills, Dromana.
Family Notices. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 7 April 1900 p 9
(*See the encounter with the aborigines above.)


Red Hill and Mornington Horticultural Society. DROMANA SHOW.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 25 March 1897 Edition: MORNING. p 3 Detailed lists, results, guides
... ferns, dried and mounted in book or card, etc. First. 5s, gift of J, Baldry, Esq., Green Hills, Dromana; ... value £110s, gift of Mrs. Purves, Green Hills, Dromana

John Baldry was assessed on 161 acres, Wannaeue in 1900.This was crown allotment 8 of 161 acres and 30 perches,granted to John on 25-20-1902,located at Melway 254 E5, south of the equestrian ground and containing
the part of the Baldry Circuit walk east of the tributary arising in D4. The boundaries of Green Hills were expanding rapidly but Alex Johnstone, who family came after 1920, had never heard the term!

gravelling on Green Hills road, J.Purves £15 31 5d ;
Shire of Flinders and Kangerong.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 2 November 1899 p 2 Article (Tenders)

See the MURRAY GOMM journal for some PURVES genealogy.

GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE OF PURVES RD. NEAR MAIN CREEK, VIC., AUST. (YERING, SUNBURY?)

This journal arises from my journal HOW DID SARAH WILSON LEAD ME TO HENRY TUCK? Two years ago when I read Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN and saw the mention of George and Ollie,I assumed that George was related to William Johnstone, the grantee of 20C Wannaeue. Armed with genealogical information from Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND, I realised that George Johnstone could not be a descendant of Sarah Wilson. Just to be sure, I contacted Christie Johnstone, son of the grantee's brother, Robert Henry Johnstone and Catherine, daughter of Henry Tuck Jnr. Christie confirmed that George Johnstone was not related and thought that George had lived near Red Hill.

Peter Wilson's THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO shows that Alex Cairns and Janet Dalgleish were married in Scotland. Their tenth and last child was Walter who married Florence Laughton. Their children were Edna,Jean and Olive.

Trove shows that Walter was involved with the Boneo cricket and tennis club and after the opening of the latter's court (1911,if I remember correctly), the members were entertained at Walter's property "Eureka". It also shows that he was later at Main Ridge. In 1910, Walter was assessed on 87 acres of Barker's and 103 acres, which should have been 143 acres being crown allotment 2, Wannaeue, granted to Alexander who called it (Menstries?) Main. In 1919, Mrs Helen Cairns had this property which was correctly described as 143 acres.

One genealogy page stated that Olive Millicent Cairns,born in 1908, married George Johnstone. The My Heritage page showing all Cairns-Sabine results has a photo of Ollie and shows that she died in 1990.

Diane Johnstone has a page which shows that George's father, George Johnston was born at Yering in 1866, married Sophia Harrison and died at Dromana in 1949. Now,there was a George Johnston at Sunbury in the early 1860's, who was granted land in the Buttlejork (west of Jacksons Creek) part of the town,wrote letters to the Melton Road Board and was appointed in 1865 as one of the trustees of land reserved for the Church of England at Sunbury. Then he seems to have disappeared. The fact that land on De Castella's estate at Yering, Victoria's first vineyard (as wikipedia puts it)was advertised in 1864 might have had something to do with his disappearance!

I have forgotten most of the information that I learned from I.W.Symonds BULLA BULLA, but I do remember that there were some prominent early vineyards at Sunbury: (Bubeck's?)on Vineyard Lane near The Gap, Eadie's Ben Eadie,and two run by politicians, Francis (Goonawarra) and James Stewart Johnston (Craiglee.)

MY MESSAGE TO DIANE JOHNSTONE.
I am more interested in George Johnston's son, George Johnstone. He could be the George Johnstone who married Olive Millicent Cairns (born to Walter Cairns and Florence, nee Laughton,in 1908) and had three children: Alexander, Heather and Ian. I write local history for family historians as itellya on family tree circles. My journal HOW SARAH WILSON LED ME TO HENRY TUCK concerns another Johnstone family which lived near Main Ridge on Shoreham Rd and Roberts Rd.

In MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, Hec Hanson told an amusing tale about George and Ollie Johnston. " A lady from over on Purves Rd, Ollie Johnson (nee Cairns), used to come to the dances (at the Main Ridge hall) on her own.Her husband,George, didn't dance and would stay home with the kids.One night I got her up for a dance,and as we waltzed around the hall Cocko (Harold Wilson) flicked grass burrs in her direction. These would cling to her dress. We often wondered what George thought about this when she arrived home."

I will be mentioning in the above-mentioned journal that George was not descended from Sarah Wilson, whose daughter Matilda married William Johnson. (Their son, William changed the family name to Johnstone by deed poll.) However I will write a separate journal: GEORGE AND OLLIE JOHNSTONE OF PURVES ROAD NEAR ROSEBUD, VICTORIA to provide background information about the Cairns, Haughton etc families. I wonder if George Johnston's wife was related to the family of Alf Harrison after which Harrisons Rd near Dromana was named.

DIANE'S REPLY.
That would be him. A few of the Johnston(e) clan moved to Main Ridge area from Gruyere, Colstream, Lilydale area. My grandfather was George's brother and Aunty Ol' a lovely lady. I will pass the anecdote above to Alec, I'm sure he'll love it. I will see what I can find out about Harrison. I've never found anything connecting her to Alf Harrison though. Thank you for the invitation to your information, it is hugely appreciated.


AN EMAIL FROM GEORGE AND OLLIE'S SON, ALEX.
Hi
I am the Alex Johnstone you referred to in the email to Diane Howden . I am the son of George and Olive (nee Cairns) . With reference to your �How Wilson led me to Tuck� I have a great deal of curiosity as to how Walter Cairns my grandfather. The only one to marry of a large family living in what was at the time a backwater of Boneo met and married Florrie Laughton a member of a well off family ( Laughtons Foundry creswick st. Footscray) I believe the main connection to Melb at the time would be by steamer up the bay.

There in must lay a story the truth of which I guess I will never learn.

I have read the book by Hec Hansen (I have vague memories of him) that was the first I heard of the burr incident when i read the book.

There has been considerable research done on the Cairns family by Ray Cairns also a Google search of the Cairns family of Boneo will reveal that nearly everyone on the southern peninsular was related at some early stage.

As for the Wilson�s were they from what I have been led to believe Wilson, Cairns. Purvis, Rowley and a number of old families that are all related in some form or other

I will try to send this email and if you receive it and if you feel I may be able to help in your search just ask the question and I will endeavor to answer.

MY SECOND REPLY.
I now believe that the connection between Walter Cairns and Flo Laughton took place at Flinders. William Brent married Flo's sister, Elizabeth (Bessie.) W.C.Brent was on the Flinders Park committee of management by 1896 and was in the area until about 1910. After David Cairns* fell from a wagon while intoxicated and was partly paralysed, his missus ran a boarding house in Flinders for a long time, so Walter probably met Flo during a visit to Flinders.

*While I was looking in my THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO notes for details of David's accident and the tenure in the boarding house, I found something that confirms my theory about Walter and Flo meeting at Flinders.

It was Blacks Camp Davey (1842-1923) who was involved in the accident. He was the second child and son of David Cairns and Janet Thompson who had married in Scotland,and married Elizabeth Russell. During his teens he had driven the cart for Benjie Shaw (who later established the Kangerong guest house in Dromana.) Then his early connection with Flinders started, with David working for Sam Tuck, stock riding for the Barkers (Boneo and Flinders), and breaking horses for Robert Anderson (Barragunda at Cape Schanck and much land in the parish of Flinders.) He also worked on the Cape Schanck lighthouse, South Channel Fort, and for T.B.Muntz on Main Creek Rd.

After David's accident in 1897,the Blacks' Camp property (probably crown allotment 29, parish of Fingal, of 52 acres 2 roods and 25 perches opposite the Cape Schanck turn off, granted to D.Cairns on 19-1-1888) was sold and he and Elizabeth started the Oaklands guest house in Flinders which was finally sold in 1919.

Walter (1870-1956) was, as stated earlier, the son of Alexander Cairns and Janet (nee Dalgleish.) Not surprisingly,he had a sister named Janet (1859-1909) who married William Brent and was buried at Flinders. Just in case you thought that William Brent was a bigamist, I'd better point out that Janet married William C.Brent the Flinders Park trustee, not the bloke that married Bessie Laughton.

Family Notices
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 20 August 1909 p 1 Family Notices
DEATHS.. BRENT. - On the 16th August, Janet, the dearly beloved wife of W. C. Brent, and mother of J. R. and A. C. Brent, of Flinders, aged 49 years and 5 ... 1115 words

ALEX JOHNSTONE'S REPLY TO MY FIRST REPLY.
My first reply outlined the many Wilson families including those of Sarah Wilson and the unrelated Henry William Wilson, who both started on the Survey, Ray Cairns' birth at his great grandma Neville's at South Melbourne (her daughter had married Michael Cain; hence Neville St on the Cains' Tyrone) etc. Then I asked:

1.Where was George and Ollie's property in Purves Rd in relation to the Purves' Green Hills and the Brady property Mount Evergreen?
2.Also, how big was it and what kind of farming was done?
3.I know that Walter Cairns' property at Boneo was called "Eureka".
(a) Was this crown allotment 2 Wannaeue, including the cemetery?
(b) Was his later property at Main Ridge the one where George and Ollie lived and if not, where was it?

THE REPLY(with my comments in italics.)
Thanks XXX for the info re Wattie & Flo It seems like the probable turn of events.

I have formed a few conclusions, maybe quite likely wrong over the years that I will run past you. Firstly I feel that the Cairns family bought some wealth with them from Scotland,(1) Elizabethâs limestone house at Rosebud Hospital. (2)Edna ( Watties eldest Daughter) & Ned Edmonds limestone house with substantial annex near the Boneo hall.(3) Ray and Charlieâs substantial houses at the Schanck (4) Watties 2 room limestone house at Purves Rd , with substantial annex , furnished with high value cedar and marble topped furniture , even fitted out for gas lighting. Not the picture of pioneer families usually presented, (ie) Slab huts and bullock drays hard work and deprivation. The exception to this seems to be the now non existent Eureka. I believe to have been on the left of Boneo Rd 5 or so Km past the Boneo school. Somewhere opposite a property once owned by Lou Gaffer. The Edmonds place extended from Browns Rd up to and included the cemetery. I believe it would have been inherited from the original settler family , I think it also included the large bald hill , now a vineyard, at the end of Duels rd ,later sold to Bert Herman by Ned and Edna.

MONEY. It is likely that Robert Cairns brought some money from Clackmannan when he came out in 1852, as his wife's parents,the Drysdales (pioneers on the other side of the bay)would seem to have done as well. (The mention of Jean White,later in the reply is interesting because Robert White Senior, father of Blooming Bob White and grandfather of Bullocky Bob White, i.e.Robert James>Robert White, came from Clackmannan too and if I remember correctly, his wife's maiden name was Cairns.All the details of this are in my HILL HILLIS journal and Family Tree Circle's toolaroo is about to publish a book about the family.) Robert was intending to farm on Little Scotland (crown allotment 2 section A Wannaeue on the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rds)but soon turned to lime burning which was so profitable that he was able to assist his brothers, Alex and David to come out in 1854. I believe that their initial capital was greatly increased by this trade , and that the dispersal from Little Scotland and increased emphasis on farming in the 1870's, was due to increased competition from limestone quarries closer to Melbourne, such as at Lilydale. While all the descendants managed to buy land, they were comfortable rather than rich and poor, with David's James of Alva Hill becoming rabbit inspector for the shire and his brother Harry was known as Carrier Harry, and the farming being mainly of the subsistence variety apart from when a contract could be won, such as supplying chaff for cabmen's horses to Stringer's store at Sorrento.

HOUSES. 1.The house at the Rosebud hospital, where Elizabeth died was Eleanora and has heritage protection. See Mornington Peninsula Shire Heritage Study which contains a photo and historical information but not the name. This is on 13AB section A Wannaeue, bounded by the highway, Boneo Rd, Eastbourne Rd and almost Chinaman's Creek,which was purchased by Eleanora Davey and William in the early 1900's, Davey building Eleanora and William in 1919 being assessed on 64 acres of 13AB*.
(*13B of section A Wannaeue, now housing the shops, bottleshop and possibly the medical superclinic at the west corner of Boneo Rd, consisted of 5 acres and from about 1920 was known as Martin's Corner because of Martin's shop which probably still serves as the Blue Mini cafe.)

2.EDNA AND NED EDMONDS'. This was crown allotment 3, section A, parish of Wannaeue, of 143 acres 2 roods and 16 perches at the north west corner of Boneo and Browns Rds with frontages of 718 and 800 metres respectively. This was granted to Walter's father, Alex (and R.Amos, who according to the late Ray Cairns never came to Australia.)
In the last available rate record of 1919, Miss Helen Cairns ((1869-1946) of Boneo, daughter of Alex and sister of Walter, was assessed on 144 acres (c/a 3, A, Wannaeue, this property) and 135 acres(part 13A, section B,Wannaeue.) The 135 acre property would have been the land, mentioned later by Alex, at the end of Duell's Rd. Crown allotment 13A is between the end of Duells Rd (the midpoint of the western boundary) and Purves Rd,indicated roughly by Melway B-F 8 (bottom half) and 9 (top half.)It is likely that this land adjoined Quamby but as the parish map has no acreage for 13A, I can' be sure.

In 1921, Helen and Walter's brother, William, had 64 acres at Martin's Corner but was probably living on "121 acres part 20A, section B, Wannaeue "(probably the whole of 21C, the Brady family's Mount Evergreen, sold when William Brady died and his wife, Rosa nee Roberts, moved back to Rosebud near her beloved Methodist Church.) Mount Evergreen was at Melway 171 K 10,172 A 10.

3. Maroolaba, near Pattersons Rd. I think there's a photo of this in LIME LAND LEISURE. When the grant was obtained the cost of the house (and other improvements) came off the purchase price according to the late Ray Cairns. Details in my transcript TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS.
4.WATTIE'S ON PURVES RD. This was QUAMBY and was south of Davos St (not Davies Lane), according to later information in Alex's email. It was probably west of the bend in Purves Rd (Melway 171 F 9-10.)
5. EUREKA.At about 5km south of the Boneo school, Eureka would be at approximately Melway 259 part C, D1 or 2, on land granted to William or James Patterson or nearer the Cape Schanck turn off,"Blacks Camp" David Cairn's grant, crown allotment 29 Fingal of 52 acres 2 roods and 25 perches. Walter might have bought David's grant after the latter's accident in 1897.(See near end for details about Walter's time on Eureka.



The transition from Eureka to Purves Rd (Quamby) I suspect again was the result of an inheritance of some sort around the 1910 -1920 period .approx 80 acres Here lived Florrie, Wattie and Daughter Olive . The properties Green hills and Mt Evergreen ring no bells with me.
This 80 acre property, Quamby, may have adjoined, or been part of, the 135 acre property on which Walter's sister, Helen was assessed in 1919. As Helen did not die until 1946, it is more likely that the 80 acre Quamby adjoined the 135 acre property at the end of (and obviously accessed by) Duells Rd.

Enter George Johnstone. He purchased around 180 acres next door to Quamby (Arthurs Seat side)including what is now called Davies Lane around the 1930,s from Jimmy Purves. Nature took its course and a marriage looked like happening between George and Ollie. George lived in a shed so decided a house was required so got a brick mould and built a wheel barrow , found a sandy bank at the headwaters of the Drum Drumolock? creek and made the bricks to build a 4 room house opposite the Pig and Whistle cafe on Purves Rd.

The Pig and Whistle (which the owner told me used to be a dairy farm) is at Melway 171G8,directly across Purves Rd from Davos St, which is virtually the southern boundary of 29AB Wannaeue, whose northern boundary is 84 metres south of the Wilsons Rd corner.

lot7- Green Hills being Allotments 29A and 29B, parish of Wannaeue, county of Mornington, containing 301 acres 1 rood 20 perches agricultural and grazing land fenced and subdivided, timber rung and partly cleared, well adapted for orchards, prettily situated in the Arthurs Seat Range from which is obtained extensive views of the bay and Southern Ocean.
(P.2, Argus, 25-3-1891. Sale of the estate of Prof. Hearn of Heronswood, Column 6.)

The Purves would have been leasing Green Hills before the sale because it was while they were building the dairy there in about 1888 that some aborigines scared the living daylights out of two young girls at Tootgarook, as detailed in MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN. Thus it was the southern 180 acres of Green Hills that became George Johnstone's farm. George would have got the material for his bricks at Melway 171 D8, the headwatersof the Drum Drum Alloc Creek.


Along came Alex , Heather and Ian. Wattie and Florrie became older and George and Ollie purchased Quamby. Wattie and Florrie then moved over to middle daughter Jean Whites place on Main Creek RD The substancial house on Quamby fell into disrepair and is now unfortunately non existent.

Couple of other things , I can remember Hec Hansen and I think Alf Hansen shooting kangaroos off horse back with high powered rifles in the Waterfall gully area.I also have a cup, legend has it,that was won by a horse Wattie owned at the Boneo racecourse situated opposite Ken Spunner's (Bunnings)

I'm looking for references to the racecourse and Eureka, but none of the reports or advertisements mention the farm's name except the tennis court opening.
TO STAND THIS SEASON AT Walter Cairns' Farm, Boneo, THE ROADSTER STALLION TIT WILLOW.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 21-9-1907.) In the summer of 1904-5, Rajah the 20 race winner from India stood at Eureka in between stints at Brady's Mount Evergreen and Randall's Hindhope (the Rosebud Plaza site east to First Avenue and including Hope St.)Walter won prizes at the Dromana and Flinders shows for tomatoes, vegetables and fat lambs.

Tennis. OPENING OF BONEO COURT. After being unavoidably postponed for some time, the opening of the Boneo tennis court was held on Saturday, April 8th. There was a good attendance, and the weather was all that could be desired. The opening set was played by the secretary (Miss Cairns) and Mrs W. Cairns again Miss A. Baker and Miss E. Cairns, the latter coming off victorious after some exciting play. Several sets were played, and the vice-president (Mr E. Cairns) in a short speech declared the court open. Afternoon tea was then served. The President (Mr Richard Baker) was not able to attend, as he is convalescent after a severe illness, but all expressed the hope that he would soon be about again. A very enjoyable evening was spent at 'Eureka,' the residence of Mr Walter Cairns. (P.3,Mornington Standard, 22-7-1911.)


Eureka was opposite a property owned by Lou Gaffer.
Mr. J. Gafer, of Boneo Rd., advised council that he has leased a portion of property, and desires to use a portion of swamp for the purpose of in tense culture. The council will ascertain the legal position re the right to drain.(P.10,Standard, Frankston,11-4-1946.)

All what I have entered here as facts come with the proviso that you are able to cross reference them with info from another source

I hope it all makes sense and fills in some spaces for you, If I can be of further assistance just ask

Regards

Alex







JOHNSTONE BROTHERS OF DARUM AND THEIR LAND NEAR BONEO????

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago

HOW DID SARAH WILSON LEAD ME TO HENRY TUCK? SHOREHAM & FLINDERS, VIC., AUST.

A few short weeks ago, all I knew about Sarah Wilson was that she and her sons,George and Robert, lived on Jamieson's Special Survey before the Kangerong Road Board's first assessment of 1864,and that the three of them were honoured on the DROMANA PIONEER PATHWAY and all of them signed a petition in 1861 requesting that Quinan's school be chosen instead of Nicholson's to become the Dromana Common School.

It was during my attempt to discover information about the Simpsons of Red Hill that I made contact with Margaret Connell (nee Simpson) through the assistance of Keith Holmes and was shown Connell genealogy compiled by Dot Watt (nee Connell.) Marg. and Dot told me to read Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND.

Having read this book, I kept part of the Mornington News 2013 Anzac Edition because it related to a fascinating name change mentioned in the book. It was an article about Christie Johnstone who happened to be the grandson of Henry Tuck Junior, the fantastic bush poet, whose works are available from the Dromana Historical Society museum, and no doubt most local historical societies.

In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear gave details of all the children of councillor John Calvin Griffith of Dromana and Mary. Mary Who?

Having all the details of Christie Johnstone's descent from Oliver and Sarah Wilson, I entered "Henry Tuck, obituary" and got what seemed at first hand to be a useless response. But it wasn't, despite the journalist's usual error of rendering Griffith as Griffiths. Mary must have been Mary Dowling!

OBITUARY. DEATH OF MRS. C. DOWLING, By the death of Mrs Catherine Dowling, as mentioned in our last issue, another very old resident of the Mornington Peninsula has been removed from our midst. Mrs Dowling had reached the ripe old age of 86 years at the time of death. Although she was not suffering from any painful illness, she had been gradually failing under the pressure of her advanced years for some considerable time, and her death was not unexpected. She was possessed of an exceedingly kindly, warm hearted disposition, and very many old residents of the district, as well as the younger generation, will remember her as a true friend who had always a kindly word, and was ready to do a kindly action for anyone with whom she came into contact. The deceased lady was born in County Wicklow, Ireland, and reached Melbourne with her husband-who predeceased her by some nineteen years-in the ship " Marco Pauls " on Christmas Day, 1852. She was thus a colonist of nearly 59 years. After spending eight years, in other parts of Victoria, the Dowlings came to Stony Creek, now known as Shoreham, in the year 1860, and they were the first settlers to actually reside on their own holding in this locality, which was a portion of Tuck's Old Manton's Creek run. The country was, at the time of their acquiring the land, in a very rough state, and Mrs Dowling had many interesting incidents of hardships to relate. Her quaint sense of quiet humor always made these reminiscences pleasant to listen to. Their first homestead, a slab erection on the banks of the Creek, was totally destroyed by the collapse of a giant gum tree one very stormy night. In this instance Mr and Mrs Dowling had a very narrow escape from death. A large fork of the tree came down on each side of the bed upon which they were sleeping. Upon another occasion Mr Dowling, when some little distance away from the homestead, was forced by the ferocity of the dingoes to take refuge and spend the night up in the branches of a tree. Of Mrs Dowling's family three daughters and one son, all of whom are well known throughout the Peninsula, are surviving. These are Mrs J. C. Griffiths of Dromana; Mr* Joseph Stanley. of Balnarring; Mrs West, and Mr Christy Dowling, who was living at "The Glen" with his mother at the time of her death. The recent demise of one daughter, Mrs Henry Tuck, of Flinders, is sadly re- membered by her friends, as is also that of another daughter, Mrs J. West. A son, Mr Thomas Dowling, died some years ago, and another son expired in infancy. The remains of the deceased lady were interred in the Flinders general cemetery, when a very large number of people attended the funeral to show their last respects.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 5-8-1911.)

My journal FAMILY CONNECTION ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA is now dwarfed by the information available in my other journals. No doubt a Tuck family history has been written so I don't intend to write one. One of my aims in family connections was to explain geographically how the two families became acquainted; usually, apart from during war time and, to a much lesser degree during the 1890's depression when many peninsula lads headed west in search of gold, the families were at least near-neighbours. Robert Rowley and Christine Edwards caused me months of wasted time until I found the neighbourly connection had been at Longford, Tasmania before Robert joined Henry Cadby Wells in a lime-burning venture near Sorrento, circa 1841.

How then would the Jennings family of Rye be related to the Tucks? Before settling at Rye in 1914, George Dodd and Hannah (Wiffen)had spent time farming at Flinders, Cranbourne and Camperdown. Their son,Cecil, married Catherine Tuck. (JENNINGS:A PIONEERING RYE FAMILY by Linda Berndt,P.20, Southern Peninsula News, 13-7-2010.)

CHRISTIE JOHNSTONE'S DESCENT FROM OLIVER AND SARAH WILSON.
Olver Wilson, a staunch Presbyterian, (1791-1851) and Sarah Spence (1811-1870) married in 1832. Their third child, Matilda (1837-1878) was born in Lifford,Ireland.With her parents and siblings, George (1833-1905)and Jane (1834-1863), Matilda came to Australia aboard the Argyle, landing at William's Town on 13-4-1841. Robert (1843-1894)was probably born in the Flinders Lane house. Oliver had become established as a shoemaker but after his death in 1851, rents rose dramatically because of the gold rush and George suggested a move to Jamieson's Special Survey (the Safety Beach area, east to Bulldog Creek Rd.)

On 18-4-1855, a double wedding was celebrated in Sarah's house on the Survey. Matilda married William Johnson(1832-1875) and her sister Jane, married George Young. When Jane died six days after the birth of her fifth child, Sarah (b.12-8-1863), the baby was brought up as one of Matilda's family.

William and Matilda had eight children of their own:
William (1855-1905) who never married;
Matilda(Tilly,1858-1936) who never married;
William Henry (1860-1860);
Robert Henry (1863-1936)who married Catherine Tuck in 1915, their children being William Henry, Christopher James, Margaret and Mary. N.B. THE CHRISTIE JOHNSTONE ARTICLE CALLS HIM ALBERT HENRY!
Rebecca Sarah (1866-1922) who never married;
Mary Jane (1869-?);
Sarah (1871-1927)who married W.G.J.Coulter in 1903, their children being Ruby and William George;
Charles Oliver (1875-1963) who never married.

JOHNSON BECOMES JOHNSTONE.
The first-born, Billy acted as head of the family when his own father died ten weeks after the birth of Charles Oliver.The family had been living on a 5 acre portion of 67A* Balnarring. Billy kept on receiving demands for payment of bills but they were not his debts. A member of another Johnson family was responsible for them,possibly the family which lived near Warrawee (Vansuylen's grant.) This so annoyed Billy that he changed the family name to Johnstone by deed poll.
*It seems that this is a mistake and that that the 5 acre block was on 67B. i.e.The 20-10-1913 assessment records that Christopher Oliver Johnstone, Red Hill farmer, was rated on 5 acres and buildings, part crown allotment 67B,Balnarring.

TO BE CONTINUED 67A LOCATION , 20 WANNAEUE.-SEE COMMENT 1.
Crown allotment 67A in the parish of Balnarring is between Shoreham Rd and Stony Creek with its north east corner being exactly opposite the Oceanview Ave corner. It is roughly indicated by Melway 190 J11. In the 1860's William Johnson and Matilda settled on 5 acres of it with the Wilsons. Petronella Wilson stated that 67A was granted to Robert Wilson in 1871 but the parish map indicates that 67A and 67B were both granted to Edward Gray.

INQUESTS.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 29 September 1874 p 7 Article
... INQUESTS. Mr Candler held an inquest on the 25th inst, at Dromana. on the body of Edward Gray, aged 60 years, a farmer at Balnarring. On the 24th inst. the deceased and his son were burning trees, to clear a paddock, and i the son hearing a tree fall near the deceased I went up and found the ..

The farmers south and east of Arthurs Seat/Red Hill roads were not in the Kangerong Road District and their first assessment by the Flinders Road Board was on 13-6-1869. Ratepayers were listed geographically and the following excerpt starts in Tucks Rd near Shands Rd. Thomas Bullock 59 acres (west side where almost 97 acres were granted to F.Bullock in 1875), Hamilton Allen 115 acres(east side where 115 acres 2 roods and 30 perches were granted to A.Allan), George Young 16 acres, William Johnson 5 acres, George Wilson 32 acres,Edward Gray house and 53 acres, William Bayne 2059 acres (76AB of 208 acres between 67A and McConnell's 75AB, plus 630 acres granted across Shoreham Rd and obviously a lot leased.)

By 7-6-1870 George Young had gone, probably to Moorooduc on Andrew White's grants south of Vineyard Lane and on the west side of three chain (Old Moorooduc)road.After Jane (Wilson) had died in 1863, George had married the orphaned Janet White of "Mt Martha" in 1866 and through her George had probably come into ownership of the property or part of it. His address was certainly three chain road.

In 1870, George Wilson had 48 acres having occupied Young's 16 acres. William Johnson was not assessed on his 5 acres and may have been in Moorooduc; at about that time a William Johnson was considered ineligible to be on the electoral roll for the Mornington Division because he had sold his freehold land in the parish of Moorooduc. If this was so,George Wilson should have been assessed on the whole 53 acres of 67B but such logic usually escaped rate collectors who were too busy to worry about such details.



OH NO! MORE CONFUSION.PARISH OF WANNAEUE.
When I read the amusing tale of George and Ollie Johnstone in Hec Hanson's MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, I assumed that George was related to the grantee of 20C Wannaeue but he wasn't! I have written a separate journal about George and Ollie.

Billy and his uncle George (Wilson)obtained a lease from the Crown in 1882 for crown allotment 20B (of section B)in the parish of Wannaeue. This consisted of 191 acres according to GIVING DESTINY A HAND but an 1872 Wannaeue map gives its area as 172 acres 2 roods and 2 perches. A later map shows that 20B was later split into 20B of 34 acres (granted to John Shand in 1905)and 20C of 130 acres (granted to W.Johnstone on 19-7-1902.) The reason for the splitting of the original 20B and the apparent loss of 8 acres was Roberts Rd, separating 20B on the west side from 20C, which was bounded by Shands, Roberts and Mornington-Flinders Rds.

Alexander Shand, who died during his son,John's term as President of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, had established an early steam sawmill beside Main Creek,which had the most constant supply of water in the area and William Johnson/Johnstone must have raised no objections to Alexander's waggons taking a short cut through his selection on the way to Red Hill. Eventually the shire declared his track a shire road.

My transcriptions of rate records only provide a snapshot of occupancy and of course the 1879 assessment does not mention William Johnson, George Wilson or any landholding of 172 (or 191) acres in the parish of Wannaeue.
This part of the parish, with Flinders, Red Hill (west of Red Hill Rd) and Dromana, was in the Central Riding.

1900.William Johnstone, 126 acres, c/a 20C,Wannaeue.
1910. R.H.Johnston,Shoreham farmer,80 acres, 20C, Wannaeue. Joseph Smith,farmer,Red Hill,50 acres,part 20c, Wannaeue.
1919 (the last assessment on microfiche)Robert Henry Johnstone (Billy's son and Christie Johnstone's father),38 acres and buildings,part c/a 20C, Wannaeue. Mrs Mary Cleave,Red Hill,24 acres and buildings,part 20C, Wannaeue. No other identified parts of 20C were assessed.


R. H. Johnstone, Red Hill, offering to purchase wood on Cape Schanck fronting his property, and calling at- tention to culvert near Dumbleton's as it is dangerous.- Tenders to be called for timber, and culvert to be at-tended to.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-6-1914.)

In referring to the timber/property on Cape Schanck, Robert Henry Johnstone was almost certainly discussing 20C Wannaeue. The above excerpt from a report of a Shire of Flinders and Kangerong meeting is the only article linking Johnstone and Cape Schanck and the only mention of Dumbleton in the area. It illustrated how vague locality names were in those days. The Johnsons were living on their 5 acre block on 67B, which was described (above)as being in Shoreham in one instance and and at Red Hill in another. None of the roads had names! How could Robert Henry say "the wood near Shand's Rd?" I can assure you that the following tender was for Limestone Road but very few people would know it.

No. 7-Metal, Main creek to Black's camp. (Black's Camp was on Boneo Rd halfway between Browns and Limestone Rds but there was another Black's Camp near the corner of Boneo and Long Point Road where the second Boneo (or Blacks'Camp) school was situated. Therefore Black's Camp described the general area.)

AND NOW FOR CHRISTIE JOHNSTONE'S STORY.
Christie Johnstone's story was in a Mornington News special Anzac Edition 2013, which also has an article about three Tuck boys. There was also a Southern Peninsula News Anzac Edition with exactly the same content. As I have had trouble finding this special edition online, and readers might too, I will reproduce Christie's story verbatim. There are three photos with the article (young Christie in uniform,the derelict 1877 Mantonville homestead and Christie outside his farm gate.) If family members would like copies of these, send me a private message.My comments are in brackets.

CHRISTIE CARRIES ON TUCK TRADITION by Peter McCullough.
Christie was born on 17 February 1920 at Main Ridge. His parents were Albert* Henry and Catherine Johnstone, and he had a brother,William Henry,and a sister. (His father was Robert Henry Johnstone.) His father was born in Dromana and the Johnstone family lived in Red Hill (i.e. 5 acres of 67B Balnarring.)"They were bushmen-splitting timber and that sort of thing." His father worked in Gippsland in his younger days, later moved to Main Ridge where his parents* had an orchard and grew strawberries. (Robert Henry was born in 1863,his father, William Johnson, died in 1875 and his mother, Matilda,nee Wilson,died in 1898. The orchard would have been on the 5 acres at RedHill/ Stony Creek/Shoreham and as his father died in 1875, it would have been more accurate to say that Robert's family had the orchard,with Robert's brother , William (1855-1905), who changed the family name to Johnstone, and was granted 20C Wannaeue, running the small farm with the assistance of his youngest brother, Charles Oliver (1875-1963.) C/A 20C would probably have been used for cattle grazing and getting wood for timber or firewood. Robert Henry must have returned shortly after his brother, William, died in 1905 and settled on 20C Wannaeue; he was assessed on the property in 1910, and probably earlier.)

Christie's mother, Catherine, was the eldest daughter of Henry Tuck Junior and the family moved to Flinders in 1924 to look after her father, who was almost 80 and to help him run the farm. His wife, Margaret had died in 1910. (The obituary of Mrs C.Dowling in 1911 -sixth paragraph of this journal- reveals that Henry had married Margaret Dowling.)

Christie went to school in Flinders, starting the same day as Eric Lucas who died just recently. It was a two mile walk to school and in those days he could walk to school and home again without seeing a car. He had more rides in a horse-and-buggy than he ever got in a motor car. As soon as Christie turned 14 he left school to work on the farm.

"Mantonville" was a dairy farm of 150 acres and all the milking was done by hand in those days. The family only milked about 20 cows as that was all they could handle.After the war, with machines, they were milking 50 cows. Kinross Dairies would collect the milk and take it to Edithvale. Christie milked cows for about 50 years and never took a holiday for 25 years. With a milk contract he had to be there every day. About 30 years ago he went out of the dairy business and has been running beef cattle ever since. However only 80 acres are left out of the original holding.

After Christie left school he did a lot of other work as well as milking cows twice a day: fence contracting, ploughing, wood cutting, and splitting posts. Just before he joined up in 1941 he worked at the Flinders Golf course for 12 months but he never hit a golf ball;"Working there five-and-a-half days a week,I reckon I saw enough of the golf course! Besides,I was still milking cows before and after work."

(I wonder if Christie knew the magnificent golfer in the surgical boot was related to him. Jane Darley,nee Wilson, was the daughter of George Wilson and niece of Matilda Johnson, nee Wilson.

William Edward Darley (born Jamieson's Special Survey, 1859-1938) and Jane's children were:
1. Florence Mary (1892-1943), spinster.
2. Annie Maude (1894-1967) who in 1937 married Joseph James Kay but had no children.
3. Kate Evelyn (1896-1981.) No issue. There may have been marriage detail which I neglected to record in my rush.
4. William George (1899-1971) bachelor.
5.Saville Maude (1910-1987)who in 1944 married Patricia Marie O'Donnell and had five daughters.
6. Lionel Edward (1913-1987)who in 1943 married Faye Chitts and had one daughter.

William George Darley,the fourth child and oldest son of Willam Edward and Jane (Wilson) was an outstanding golfer. He had a physical disability. When I googled "Darley, Flinders, Golf", I did find confirmation of this. He had to wear surgical boots as a result of being gored by a wild boar when he was seven.

Flinders Golf Champ Dies; 72 . - Google News
news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1300&dat=19710825&id...
Flinders golf champ dies; 72 . Bill Darley, of Flinders, one of Victoria's best known golfers died in his sleep early yesterday,aged 72. He played his last round of ...

There should be a spate of "aces" down Flinders way in the next few weeks. The club recently staged an exhibition match between Eric Lucas and Bill Darley against Ken Lucas, and Heidelberg professional Al Whykes.
Bill gave the gallery a perfect demonstration of how to hole out in one. He did the trick at the 15th-and what a reception he received! Of course, it was no trouble for Bill and Eric, to go on then and win the match 2 and 1. (P.14, The Argus, 12-1-1954.)

What a coincidence that Christie's lifelong friend, Eric Lucas, was Bill's partner in that contest!)

NEXT PAR WON'T SUBMIT- PASTED ONTO JOHNSON-JOHNSTONE FILE
Farmers were classed as an "essential trade" and were barred
TO BE CONTINUED IN COMMENTS BOX.

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