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THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS- SURNAMES LIST.

These names could not fit on the surname list.See my journal THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS, VIC., AUST.

HISTORY NOTES (1), MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

While looking for specific information, I often make a note of something else that may be of value, but looking for these asides can take hours, often without result. Such miscellaneous notes will be entered here (in alphabetical order) in future. Surnames of people mentioned within other articles will be in bold type for ease of location.

BALDRY.
John Baldry's obituary (in my journal THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS) mentions his involvement in the area from the 1860's. The first Flinders Road Board assessment of 8-6-1869 confirms this claim. John had 145 acres and buildings in the parish of Flinders. The assessment of 30-9-1899 shows that John still had this 145 acre property and William Baldry had 60 acres.

John Cairns, son of Alex Cairns (original Boneo pioneer with brothers Robert and David) married Emma Baldry.
(THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO by Peter Wilson.)

SWEETAPPLE.
I recall mentioning in another journal (WATSON AND STIRLING OF SORRENTO AND PORTSEA) that I had seen this surname mentioned while researching rates near Red Hill. Sweetapple had been running the Portsea hotel and I mentioned that I had considered a corny joke about the name (especially since Thomas Appleyard of Sorrento had land near Red Hill) but I reconsidered, not because it was corny (I never let that worry me) but because both seemed to be more likely graziers than orchardists.

Well, I found the assessment again, while looking for Shand.
In the assessment of 30-9-1899, William Henry Sweetapple was leasing 224 acres (58a and 59a Bittern) from Charles Kerr and 308 acres in the parish of Balnarring from Journeaux .
The Bittern land was at Melway 162 H 4-7 with a frontage to Balnarring Rd, a 58a frontage to Hunts Rd of 750 metres and a 59a frontage to Myers Rd of 366 metres. The Balnarring land was crown allotment 15 of 308 acres 1 rood and 34 perches, situated 1082 metres west along Myers Rd (Melway 161 K 8-9 to 162 B 8-9.) The subdivision of this land, with One Chain Rd providing access and settlers such as parliamentarian, James Fenton , and racing identity, Jack Hayes is detailed in THE GOLDEN PLAIN OF TUBBARUBBAREL.

NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE by Mary Karney.
VANSUYLEN P. 197. They built the first Balnarring store on the southern tip of the triangular piece of land.(I presume the south eastern tip of Warrawee, Melway 193 D5, is meant.) They built a kiln and made the district's first fired bricks. (This explains why the carpenter chose to hide the stolen watch between bricks.) Paul built Warrawee, later called the Tower Hotel, as an inn in 1860. Warrawee is the aboriginal term for "pleasant Place".The Vansuylens ran the post office 1868-81 (after which Johnson ran it in Dromana-Bittern Rd as described in the 1902 article about Bittern.) As well as liquor, the Vansuylens sold hardware.

TONKIN P. 196. Captain Tonkin died 12-7-1908. His son Bry (short for Bryan, also his father's name) married Mary Smith. The book contains information about the Smiths. The hill on Tonkin's grants (at about Melway 191 H8) was called Tonkin's Hill.

MORRIS P. 193.Morris (Robert, son in law of Edward Jones of Spring Farm and Penbank at Moorooduc)built Pembroke on Fook's selection in the 1900's and the house was still standing. (Robert had lived on Penbank on the south side of Tyabb Rd earlier, possibly where Penbank School is now located. Robert came from Pembroke in Wales and it is possible that Pembroke Rd in Somerville was named because the orchard that was later the Bullens' had been owned by his wife's sister, Mrs Unthank. SOURCES-David Shepherd, Trove, Murray Gomm.)

DOWNWARD P.193. Herb Downward's nickname was "Poley".

ALBERTO p.192 had KENT ORCHARD in 1899. Jack (Peter) SHAND and the HUNTLEY family ran the orchard from 1900 and lived in the house after "Hillside" was burnt down in about 1905.

MAIRSP.192. Dave Mairs was shire president in 1882. His children included Dave (David T., the crack shot who married a Huntley girl), Minnie, Ethel and Vi.

BUCKLEY p. 191. Louise HUNTLEY married David Buckley. Hillside was leased to Joseph McILROY in September, 1892 (as mentioned in an extract from Joseph's diary in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL)at a rent of 108 pounds p.a.

STANLEYP.195. E.Stanley arrived in 1861. His sons Bob, Joe and Bill were given the task of minding some cattle. They stuck to their task so well that J.BUCKLEY led a search party of 20 men to find them. The boys were returned home from the Mt Martha area by Teddy Quinn . This story is told in full in THE MEN WHO BLAZED THE TRACK. Bob Stanley married a Byrne girl and their children were Vincent, born 11-5-1896, and Vera.

(The Quinns and the Whites, ancestors of Shirley Bourne, the female drover, were pioneers of the parish of Moorooduc, the Quinns living on the north west corner of Tyabb and Three Chain (Moorooduc) Rd and the Whites at the east end of White's Rd, which was renamed Range Rd during W.W.2 when soldiers marched along it to the rifle range on the other side of the White/Bourne property.)

SHAND P.195. Old Mr Shand who had the sawmill at Red Hill (Main Ridge)died on 18-7-1901. Hw was a Methodist lay preacher.His sons, Alex and John (Peter) were close friends of the Oswins.Peter married Mary Huntley on 28-7-1900. He was a clever man who could do anything from mending clocks to suturing wounds.

GOTTLIEBSON P.190. The western extension of Myers Rd was called Gottliebson's Lane. (See FRITSCH.)

FRITSCHP.190. Came from Germany in 1850 and lived at Nhill, Nunawading and Cranbourne before moving to the peninsula. August, an architect designed many of the early Melbourne buildings. Charles and Andrew settled(and received grants) in Kangerong. The children (of which?) included Emily, Lily, Charlotte, and Edward (Teddy.) Two of the girls married Gottliebson brothers and Teddy married Louise WARNECKE. The Warnecke family was from Hanover but had migrated to England. They came to Australia in 1855 and tried the Ballarat and Dunolly diggings. They came to Balnarring in 1908 and built "Fairview" on lots 19 and 20, originally Rogers'. (Melway 162 F-H 12 south to 192 F-H 2,top half. They must have added Reidy's grant to the west, judging by the very German Tannenbaum Ave.)

OSWIN P.190.Willie Oswin was called Grampas by the family.P.1.Mary Oswin, sister of John, married Lawrence WADESON (who with John Holmes was granted the 208 acres on the north and west side of Red Hill Rd between Vines of Red Hill, inclusive, and the south boundary of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve.The southern 104 acres became the Huntleys' Hillside Orchard; John Huntley Snr may have had a lease from the Crown for the whole 208 acres before rate records started.)
John Oswin was known as DADAS according to a caption under a photo of John -page number not recorded.

SULLIVAN.
Extract from my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.
SULLIVAN
Refer to the ample information about this family in THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and Patricia Applefords RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL Pages 7,27-8,31,33-6,40-2,54,68,117-121,125,134, 137,139,141-4,151,159.
Also see the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry.
Dennis Sullivan, or perhaps one of his sons, produced an object of amazement to the rapidly expanding settlement on the Yarra. I quote from Robin Annears excellent Bearbrass:Imagining Early Melbourne.
A twenty one inch (53cm) long cucumber sounds fairly unremarkable to us who are accustomed to gangly cucumbers of the continental variety; but one such specimen created a sensation when exhibited at the Bearbrass market in 1842 by a gardener named Sullivan from Merri Creek. It was, marvelled the Patriot the next day, raised without a particle of manure.
Another Peninsula pioneer was having similar success in the growing of vegetables. Melbournes first postmaster, Ben Baxter, who had ceased that occupation, grew a turnip that was two feet in circumference. As the price of vegetables was astronomical at this time, Dennis and Ben were probably able to build up enough capital to launch their pioneering enterprises. It seems that another peninsular pioneer was involved in growing vegetables in Melbourne even earlier. In 1836, two men were charged with stealing onions from the garden of publican, George Smith. If it had not been for the money that George Smith made from selling his grog and probably vegetables as well, Owen Cains daughter, Sarah Ann might have died at the tender age of four. Lost for several days soon after the Cain family arrived on the peninsula, the near-dead girl was taken to George Smiths Wooloowoolooboolook homestead where Georges wife nursed her back to health. Thanks for the pre- peninsula details, Robin!
Another history of the early years of the Port Phillip District reveals more about the Sullivans before their move to The Heads. It is entitled MEN AND WOMEN OF PORT PHILLIP and ironically written by Martin Sullivan. While Dennis was growing vegetables at Merri Creek, his wife Honora was probably working as a domestic servant for one of the respectable inhabitants of Newtown (Fitzroy). Newtown and The Brickfields (South Melbourne) were outside the limits of Melbourne and working class immigrants could squat to reduce costs. Unfortunately the brickfields settlement was the resort of a drunken, bloodthirsty, thieving crew according to Garryowen and Newtown was little better. A writer to the Port Phillip Herald might have been referring to Honoras employer when he sympathized with the respectable portion of the inhabitants who had to suffer the debauchery and immorality of the place.
Honora was probably happy with her employer and no doubt he was happy with her work. Honora was one of Elizabeth McMeekins COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and was about 50 at this time while Dennis was six years older. Perhaps shrewd was another adjective that Elizabeth might have employed to describe Honora.
She had agreed to serve for three months at the rate of 17 pounds per annum, but she failed to arrive for work, later informing her employer that she had another situation and could get higher wages. She was brought before the Court of Petty Sessions on 27-10-1840 for having contravened the Masters and Servants Act. A female could be jailed for three months and forfeit wages for many offences including absenting herself from the service of the person to whom she shall be so engaged. But that was before a new act was published on 20-10-1840, one week before her court appearance.
This Act forbade the imprisonment of any female servant for any offence committed under the Act. It also became harsher to prevent the type of job swapping that Honora had committed, with servants liable to a three month gaol term and masters liable to a fine of between 5 and 20 pounds for employing somebody already engaged. Was Honora the first to find the loophole in the new act?


FAMILY CONNECTIONS. (A lot of speculation but you never know.)
SULLIVAN-ONEIL
John, son of Dennis and Honora, married Hannah ONeil. I offer two speculative suggestions about how they met.
1.John, like many Peninsula pioneers, might have tried his luck at Bendigo or Ballarat. On the way to either, he would have passed through Keilor where Brees bridge of 1854 enabled a more direct route than the older ones through Maribyrnong (Raleighs Punt) and Bulla. William ONeill owned Horseshoe Bend and like Basket Davey Milburn, Victorias first official irrigator, he probably sold his produce at the roadside.
It is likely that the Sullivans already knew ONeil. They may even have arrived at the five year old settlement on the same ship. ONeil, one of Melbournes early policemen, might have brought Honora before the court of Petty sessions for an offence against the Masters and Servants act on 27-11-1842. Like all citizens of Melbourne, he would have marveled at the gigantic cucumber grown by the Sullivans near Merri Creek in 1843 before they moved to The Heads. Most workers squatted in rough shelters at The Brickfields (South Melbourne) or Newtown (Fitzroy) as they could not afford to buy or rent on the surveyed town, and the Sullivans were probably near Newtown. (See sources and more detail in the SULLIVAN entry.)
The baptism of three Sullivan children at St Augustines Keilor between mid 1854 and early 1862 lends weight to my theory that John might have gone to the goldfields with some cousins who came out later for that purpose; one of the children was named Timothy. Their parents were working in the area, one at Jacksons Creek (perhaps for the Reddans) and another at Keilor Plains (almost certainly for Taylor, Robertson or Big Clarke). That peninsula pioneers would seek employment at thriving Keilor after an unsuccessful stint at the diggings, is shown by the presence of Edwin Daly Tassell (probably the son of Edwin Louis Tassell a pioneer of the Safety Beach area) whose daughter was christened at the temporary St Augustines in 1858.
2.A map on page 6 of Leila Shaws THE WAY WE WERE shows that J. Sullivan and J.ONeill were pioneers of the Somerville area. Their grants were, respectively, at Melway 149 J3 and 148 J6. Somerville became the home of plant nurseries and orchards with those of the Brunnings family (which started this business in St Kilda) gaining international fame. These facts lead me to the following fantasy.
Trudging dejectedly back from the diggings, the emaciated John Sullivan hears a familiar voice calling his name. William ONeil offers him a job after hearing of Johns woes. While tending ONeils apricot orchard, John meets Hannah. They and a relative, whose name is rendered with a double L by some official, move to Somerville to continue their orcharding occupation. (Apricots were the main crop of Keilor and Peter Anderson kept growing them at Horseshoe Bend after the Spaniards such as Borrell and Vert switched the emphasis to growing cauliflowers and tomatoes.)
Whether J.Sullivan was our John is not yet known, but if so, he would not have been the only Southern Peninsula identity to receive grants in the area; Henry Gomm, guardian of the Rosebud jetty bought allotment 48 at 148 E8.
See THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN regarding the fate of John and Hannahs children. This probably explains the Clark-Clark marriage!

SULLIVAN-GRACE
Patrick, son of Dennis married Ellen, daughter of William Grace. Ellens father was an early grantee of 249 acres fronting the west end of Boundary Rd at Dromana and bounded by Caldwell Rd, Pindara Rd and the eastern end of streets such as Beverley St and Cloud St. On his farm Gracefield he planted vineyards and orchards. Patrick named his hotel at Rye after the farm, which is recalled by Gracefield Ave at 159 H9.
During the late1860s, Williams vineyards were wiped out by a disease that spread through most wine-growing areas. It is likely that he leased the farm to the Counsells. He probably bought allotment 6 of section 3 in the township of Rye at about this time. The half acre block ran from the Esplanade (a name given for Pt Nepean Rd in Dromana, Rosebud and Rye townships) to Nelson St and was just a little nearer to Dundas St than Napier St. As can be seen in Melway 168 F4, this is almost the exact location of the Rye Hotel, which was built on the site of Patricks Gracefield Hotel in 1927 by the Hunts.
It is possible that the two families had met before William moved his family to Rye. While most of the Sullivan grants were near the south end of Weeroona Rd (and used to extract limestone for the kiln there, which was managed by Antonio Albress after Patricks death), Catherine Sullivan was granted allotments 15 a and b Wannaeue (152 acres) fronting the north side of Browns Rd and extending east from the Kinwendy Rd corner 767 metres (halfway) to the Purves Rd corner. Catherine was one of earliest landowners in Wannaeue, receiving her grant on 31-10-1858. No doubt she was self sufficient but if she needed to buy anything Dromana was the destination. It already had Holdens store near the Carrigg St corner and Richard Watkins Dromana Hotel and possibly the Arthurs Seat hotel near Foote St and soon the McLears would open their butchers shop.
To get there in the 1860s, she would climb Purves Rd and then take Bryans Cutting down through the town common, just west of the Gracefield boundary. No doubt she would drop in for a cuppa and a chat with Williams wife.
The naming of Grace St in Rye could be given a dual justification; it could be named after William Grace or it might honour Grace Sullivan, a much- loved teacher who tragically died young, apparently from the Spanish Flu.

SULLIVAN-KENYON
Timothy (known as Ted), son of Dennis married a Kenyon girl.
She was almost certainly the daughter of Richard Kenyon and his wife, who was Robert Rowleys mother. (See THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN.) Timothy was probably about 20 when the Sullivans arrived at the Heads in late 1843 and started limeburning alongside the Kenyons who might have arrived in 1939 to produce lime for John Pascoe Fawkner. I believe that they married a few years later, went to the goldfields with Timothys brother John and spent some time market gardening near Keilor where a child was born. That might be why nobody remembered the name of Timothys wife. (See SULLIVAN ONEIL.)

SULLIVAN-ONEIL
John, son of Dennis and Honora, married Hannah ONeil. I offer two speculative suggestions about how they met.
1.John, like many Peninsula pioneers, might have tried his luck at Bendigo or Ballarat. On the way to either, he would have passed through Keilor where Brees bridge of 1854 enabled a more direct route than the older ones through Maribyrnong (Raleighs Punt) and Bulla. William ONeill owned Horseshoe Bend and like Basket Davey Milburn, Victorias first official irrigator, he probably sold his produce at the roadside.
It is likely that the Sullivans already knew ONeil. They may even have arrived at the five year old settlement on the same ship. ONeil, one of Melbournes early policemen, might have brought Honora before the court of Petty sessions for an offence against the Masters and Servants act on 27-11-1842. Like all citizens of Melbourne, he would have marveled at the gigantic cucumber grown by the Sullivans near Merri Creek in 1843 before they moved to The Heads.
The baptism of three Sullivan children at St Augustines Keilor between mid 1854 and early 1862 lends weight to my theory that John might have gone to the goldfields with some cousins who came out later for that purpose; one of the children was named Timothy. Their parents were working in the area, one at Jacksons Creek (perhaps for the Reddans) and another at Keilor Plains (almost certainly for Taylor, Robertson or Big Clarke). That peninsula pioneers would seek employment at thriving Keilor after an unsuccessful stint at the diggings, is shown by the presence of Edwin Daly Tassell (probably the son of Edwin Louis Tassell a pioneer of the Safety Beach area) whose daughter was christened at the temporary St Augustines in 1858.
2.A map on page 6 of Leila Shaws THE WAY WE WERE shows that J. Sullivan and J.ONeill were pioneers of the Somerville area. Their grants were, respectively, at Melway 149 J3 and 148 J6. Somerville became the home of plant nurseries and orchards with those of the Brunnings family (which started this business in St Kilda) gaining international fame. These facts lead me to the following fantasy.
Trudging dejectedly back from the diggings, the emaciated John Sullivan hears a familiar voice calling his name. William ONeil offers him a job after hearing of Johns woes. While tending ONeils apricot orchard, John meets Hannah. They and a relative, whose name is rendered with a double L by some official, move to Somerville to continue their orcharding occupation. (Apricots were the main crop of Keilor and Peter Anderson kept growing them at Horseshoe Bend after the Spaniards such as Borrell and Vert switched the emphasis to growing cauliflowers and tomatoes.)

See THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN regarding the fate of John and Hannahs children. This probably explains the Clark-Clark marriage!

SULLIVAN-GRACE
Patrick, son of Dennis married Ellen, daughter of William Grace. Ellens father was an early grantee of 249 acres fronting the west end of Boundary Rd at Dromana and bounded by Caldwell Rd, Pindara Rd and the eastern end of streets such as Beverley St and Cloud St. On his farm Gracefield he planted vineyards and orchards. Patrick named his hotel at Rye after the farm, which is recalled by Gracefield Ave at 159 H9.
During the late1860s, Williams vineyards were wiped out by a disease that spread through most wine-growing areas. It is likely that he leased the farm to the Counsells. He probably bought allotment 6 of section 3 in the township of Rye at about this time. The half acre block ran from the Esplanade (a name given for Pt Nepean Rd in Dromana, Rosebud and Rye townships) to Nelson St and was just a little nearer to Dundas St than Napier St. As can be seen in Melway 168 F4, this is almost the exact location of the Rye Hotel, which was built on the site of Patricks Gracefield Hotel in 1927 by the Hunts.
It is possible that the two families had met before William moved his family to Rye. While most of the Sullivan grants were near the south end of Weeroona Rd (and used to extract limestone for the kiln there, which was managed by Antonio Albress after Patricks death), Catherine Sullivan was granted allotments 15 a and b Wannaeue (152 acres) fronting the north side of Browns Rd and extending east from the Kinwendy Rd corner 767 metres (halfway) to the Purves Rd corner. Catherine was one of earliest landowners in Wannaeue, receiving her grant on 31-10-1858. No doubt she was self sufficient but if she needed to buy anything Dromana was the destination. It already had Holdens store near the Carrigg St corner and Richard Watkins Dromana Hotel and possibly the Arthurs Seat hotel near Foote St and soon the McLears would open their butchers shop.
To get there in the 1860s, she would climb Purves Rd and then take Bryans Cutting down through the town common, just west of the Gracefield boundary. No doubt she would drop in for a cuppa and a chat with Williams wife.
The naming of Grace St in Rye could be given a dual justification; it could be named after William Grace or it might honour Grace Sullivan, a much- loved teacher who tragically died young, apparently from the Spanish Flu.


The Quarantine Station.
When the gold rush started, captains would have been tempted to fit in more passengers and neglect checks. In crowded conditions, it only needed one carrier to infect numerous other passengers, and with the arrival of the first fever ship in 1852, a quarantine station was set up very quickly on the site occupied by the Sullivans since 1843. Dennis Sullivan was compensated for his house and was allowed to take away lime that he had quarried. His son, Patrick, moved the family to the Rye area.

The Sullivan grants.
Wannaeue.
35, 173 acres, P.Sullivan, Melway 168 H-J11-12, 251H-J1,adjoining The Dunes.
33A, 148 acres, P.Sullivan, 251 J 2-3, K3. DO THE REST.

Nepean.
Nepean Land.
Patrick Sullivan's lime kiln is apparently well preserved on The Dunes golf course. Patrick was granted crown allotments 22 (159 acres), 27 (120.8 acres)and 28 (almost 37 acres) which included all of the land occupied by The Dunes and extended south to the National Park at St Andrews Beach; the boundaries of 28 were the Ocean Park, Sandy Rd and the western end of Iona St. DO THE REST.

DAWES
I learn that Mr. Dawes, of Dromana, who was so seriously injured in the frightful coach accident that occurred near Frankston eight days ago, is still lying in a precarious condition, very little hopes being entertained of his re covering. "Dick," the driver of the vehicle, who was also a good deal knocked about,but who escaped with less dangerous injuries, how ever, is in a fair way to convalescence. It is rumored in the neighborhood that in any case an action will be brought against the proprietors of the coach either by the principal sufferer or his friends, as there can be very little doubt that the accident was brought about by the weakness of the brake. Mr. Evarard's coolness and presence of mind in keeping his seat on the box and pulling up the horses in time to save the lives and limbs of the other passengers, who, like himself, stuck to the coach through the whole of its perilous career, have called forth great admiration, and should fairly entitle him to a free pass on Messrs. Robertson and Co.'s stages for the rest of his life.
(P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 27-8-1877.) Also see MORNINGTON PENINSULA HISTORY NOTES (2)re SCURFIELD.

10 comment(s), latest 1 year, 8 months ago

THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.

LIME LAND LEISURE is this shire's official history. It was written by Charles N.Hollinshed, a Melbourne architect who first holidayed at Sorrento in 1923, and soon realising that much of the peninsula's history was bound to be taken to the grave, spoke to many oldtimers, recording their information.

Details of the formation of the Kangerong and Flinders Road Boards, formed on 3-8-1863 and 22-3-1868 respectively, are included in the chapter entitled RETROSPECT. The Flinders Board had trouble getting a quorum until 2-11-1868, which explains why the first assessments were dated 8-6-1869. The Kangerong records from 1864 survive in part on microfiche. Charles detailed the voting (property) qualifications, a relic of the rotten boroughs in England, where some were entitled to two and even three votes.

The southern boundary of the Kangerong road district appears (from rate records) to have been Arthurs Seat-Red Hill Rd and the eastern boundary Red Hill Rd(which separated the Flinders Shire from the newly created Hastings Shire from about 1960.) The formation members of both road boards are listed as are the petitioners who requested a meeting to form them. The two road boards were amalgamated to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, which first met on 21-1-1875. This cumbersome name survived until 1914 when Kangerong was dropped.

After reading peninsula history in the old Mechanics Hall at Rosebud while on holidays and later in the new library, I was irritated at the small proportion of peninsula history that could actually be borrowed and started my campaign to make this history more accessible in August 2010. The parish maps that I supplied to the library within two weeks are still not in the map drawer! After transcribing Kangerong and Wannaeue rates and making notes from ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA and PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS for a couple of tedious months, I discovered LIME LAND LEISURE. Being mainly interested in the two parishes mentioned, I recorded details only about the pioneers living within them.

I commend Charles Hollinshed for his contribution to Peninsula history but I wish he had given due recognition to Colin McLear for the extensive information about Dromana. It is strange that no mention was made of Sorrento's bid to secede from the Shire of Flinders and form a Borough.

I borrowed this book (as well as ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD and THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO) to research my PIONEERS PATHWAY AT DROMANA journal, and realised that I needed to have a list of the Flinders Shire councillors for future reference. I thought of just photocopying the pages but when I saw the names of Eic Rundle and William Ford/Jack Raper, I realised that this list could become a mini dictionary history. I will be writing details about councillors only before 1920 (the last year in which rate records are available on microfiche) unless the councillor was a descendant of a pioneering family or I have information about them from other sources. Eric Rundle owned Glenara near Bulla and was a leading light of the Oaklands Hunt Club as detailed in D.F.Kennedy-Cameron's THE OAKLANDS HUNT. William Ford and Jack Raper owned the Wannaeue Estate between Rosebud and Boneo, Eastbourne Rd, the northern boundary, being once known as Raper's Lane.

The following piece from page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 11-10-1900 is about the longest (UNBROKEN) serving councillor, John Cain who served 1875-1909, and has much information about the shire's problems.

PRESIDENT JOHN CAIN. [BY DYOGENES.] Cr. John Cain the newly elected President for the shire of Flinders and Kangerong can claim to be a very early identity of the peninsula, being born in the parish of Nepean, County of Mornington (being the Port Phillip district of New South Wales) in the year 1844. His father settled there in 1841 and took up land for lime burning. Early Melbourne was built of this lime. In '51 he with his father and brother went to Pegleg Gully near Bendigo to dig for gold; picks, shovels, tin dishes, tubs and cradles constituted the mining plant, the sinking was about eight feet where a pipe-clay bottom was that on which the wash-dirt rested and could be easily shovelled up and puddled in the tub or rocked in the cradle. Everyone on the field lived in tents and at sundown every night all the diggers discharged their firearms and reloaded to defend themselves against bushrangers. They remained there three years when they returned to Nepean. One pound per bag was the price of slacked lime in Melbourne so they went on producing that again. In '84 he opened a lime and cement store in Normanby Road South Melbourne and kept it going until the depression *** * the building trade in '94 when more houses were pulled down than put up. He then came back and followed farming, grazing, and working trading crafts with wood, lime and limestone to Melbourne and stores and building material back. He also carried out several contracts, having erected the Stock Quarantine, the Sorrento state school and several private dwellings. The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated and constituted the shire of Flinders and Kangerong. In the following August in '75 all the members were disbanded; four candidates were nominated for three in the west riding and he was successful and has never been opposed since. His colleagues were Messrs W. B. Ford and Robert Anderson, the latter held the seat till three years ago (John Barker jun, S. Tuck, and Geo. Henderson centre riding), (David Mairs, Caldwell and Robert Wighton east riding). He was unanimously elected President the second year of office and has occupied the position about ten times. He has invariably represented the council on the municipal association a body of which he has been vice-president for the last four years. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Central Bailwick in '84. He was also elected to the first school Board of Advice, and acted as correspondent for many years, likewise president of the Sorrento and Rye Mechanics' Institutes, and free public libraries and Institutions he takes a great interest in collecting the money to build and stock with books. Many of the works carried out by the Road Board about Dromana were of faulty construction, the district being subject to floods, the culverts built in summer were washed away the next winter. Tracing this result to the employment of amateur engineers (a body with which the shire is still overflowing) early steps were taken to secure the able services of that eminent engineer Mr T. B. Muntz, who also trained many estimable young men to follow in his footsteps. Cr Cain never flinched from retaining the services of such qualified men to carry out the works, thereby precluding the possibility of a recurrence of such disasters. He thinks the system of local self-government is the most advantageous privilege that has been granted to the country; the subsidy should be increased. He considers the present would not be an opportune time to impose an improved land value tax. The owners are not holding for a rise now but because they cannot dispose of it and they have got their share of trouble with it, or 'nursing the baby' in land-boomer parlance. Great importance was attached to getting the nose cut off Arthur's Seat Rocks to obviate climbing the Arthur's Seat Ranges to get from Dromana to the Heads. There yet remained trouble in the shape of eight miles of heavy sand from the Rocks to Rye which is now happily formed and metalled; before this was done travellers used to take advantage of the low tide which receded about two chains, and left a good hard beach. At first there were a few tribes of native blacks who were always friendly and would go down in the holes at the back beach and catch cray-fish, which they would exchange for flour and other food. They always endeavored to consume all the provisions they obtained the same day. It made them grunt and groan to carry it out if one was very liberal with them. The only housing they required was a rail and bushes to form a breakwind on the weather side. An interesting sight at their corroborees was setting fire to one end of their boomerangs and throwing them one after another till they formed a circle with sparks flying from them and returning to the throwers feet. The chariot used for one family to visit another or to go to Melbourne for a long time was four bullocks and a dray, a system of haulage that he sees is still successfully competing with the rail ways in some districts.

SORRENTO'S NOT HAPPY!
George Coppin was not a miser with his own money, paying for tracks along the back beach and so on, and no doubt wished the shire to match his contributions. The shire had a low revenue base, so much so that the rate books are almost illegible in some years because the ink had been watered down. Coppin had some Sorrento residents fired up about forming a borough so that Sorrento's development would not be held back. Here's what Robert Anderson had to say about Coppin's complaints.
(The Argus 28-12-1876, Page 6.)
SORRENTO AND THE SHIRE OF FLINDERS.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS
Sir,-Permit me space in your columns, in reply to the letter of Mr. George Coppin in The Argus of the 21st inst, to express the hope that the councillors of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong will feel duly grati- fied by his gentle admonitions.

I think it must be evident to all who have read the letter of "A Country Gentleman" that there has been an excessive expenditure within the limits of the proposed borough at Sorrento , that, in fact, the Sorrento portion of the west riding has had more than double the amount it was justly entitled to during last year, on the understanding between the three councillors of the riding, of whom I have the honour to be one, that the other portion of the riding would be recouped in ensuing years.

Such being the case, of what can Mr. Coppin complain, that he desires so strongly to arm himself beforehand with the power of severance. If double the amount Sorrento is entitled to is not satisfactory to him, how much more is required, or can it be that the idea of repayment is not agreeable ? because it appears to me that had clause 29 of the Local Government Act Amendment Bill passed the Legislative Council in the form it left the Assembly the ratepayers of the proposed borough might have found that no legal means were provided to enable them to vote the repayment to the shire, however great their desire might have been to part with money in lieu of that already expended on their main road. Possibly the councillors will in future guard against what Mr Coppin calls "taking advantage of our helpless position," if by that he means the expenditure of so much more than Sorrento was entitled to and I trust they will accept the lesson, and so far " mend their bad ways" as to avoid again giving an undue advantage to that popular watering place.

I desire to correct Mr Coppin's statement that the shire council refused to repair a road, and to inform him that the question did not come before the council. The president informs me that having mentioned the subject to some of the councillors, he thought it useless to bring the matter forward, for the simple and sufficient reason that no money was left unexpended, the members having already become personally liable for �500 in excess of the amount of overdraft, allowed by the Local Government Act to enable them to pay the Sorrento contractors. Had money been diverted from the main road to the road on private property referred to, in which Mr Coppin takes so warm an interest, his approbation would probably have been earned, and clause 29 might never have occupied the time of the Legislature.

I trust the 25,000 persons, and others who use it will give every credit to the Ocean Amphitheatre Company and its celebrated chairman, for providing the road, such as it is, direct from its hotel to the attractive scenery at the Back Beach.

On this, as on many other more important occasions the Legislative Council has done good service to the community -
-I am, &c,
ROBT. ANDERSON. Barragunda, Cape Schanck, Dec 23.


Due to Coppin's promotion of Sorrento as a fashionable "watering place", builders such as Morce and Goss were kept busy constructing mansions,and guest house owners, cabbies and shop owners gained enough income during the season to sustain them during the colder months. Thus the population growth of Sorrento and Portsea far outstripped that of the rest of the shire.

Flinders and Kangerong Shire. THE WEST RIDING. The following is the text of the " Gazette" notice concerning the pro posed subdivision of the West Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong: In puruance of the provisions of the Local Goverment Act, 18:) (No. 1112, section43), the substance and prayer of a petition in accordance with the 10th section of Act 1243 and the 41st section of Act 1112, which has been presented to His Excellency the Governor in Council, are published, viz. : The petitioners purport to be at least one fourth of the persons whose names are for the time being on the municipal roll of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. The petitioners state that the majority of voters of the West Riding reside at the Portsea and Sorrento end of the riding and for four years only residents of those townships have been elected as councillors, consequently the interests of the larger area are not represented by a rate payer of that area. The petitioners therefore desire the said West Riding divided into two ridings, which they consider would equalise the representation of the whole shire. The petitioners therefore pray that His Excellency in Council may be pleased to re-subdivide the shire into four (4) ridings, to be named as follows :- West Riding, Sorrento Riding, Centre Riding; East Riding. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-5-1902.)

THE TRAMWAY'S COPPIN' IT.
Another matter that broke the usual calm of council business involved the ending of the Sorrento Tramway Company's lease in 1913.
Sorrento Tramway. The following letters were read from the secretary of the Public Works Department at the last meeting of the Flinders and Kangerong shire council :-Referring to the deputation that waited upon the Minister of Public Works on 31st July last re Sorrento Tramway and to yours of the 15th ult., asking that the Minister let the council have his advice thereon prior to the council meeting to be held on 27th ult., I am directed by Mr Hagelthorn to inform you that he has given the matter very serious attention and after due consideration of the whole of the facts brought under his notice, is strongly of the opinion that the proposal to extend the term of the original delegation for a further period of 30 years should not be granted. Mr Hagelthorn also considers it inadvisable of the council to commit itself in any way 7 years prior to the expiration of the existing delegation. In the draft regulations left at this office it is pointed out that the right of the Company to sell shall not be excessible (accessible?)prior to March 1st, 1925. The Crown Solicitor has been consulted in this connection and has advised that this is a variation of the original delegation, which provides that the council shall be empowered to purchase the tramway in 1920; consequently before such proposed delegation could have any effect it would, if necessary, have to be approved of by the Governor in Council. Mr Hagelthorn, therefore, desires me to state that in the event of the council and company executing such an agreement there would be no possibility of same being approved by the Governor in Council. Same-the Shire President, at the recent deputation referred to, stated the council was extending the original agreement so as to provide for the maintenance of the roadway. It is pointed out, however, that no such provision is made in the draft delegation. The �500 proposed to be expended by the Company is for the purpose of a caretaker's cottage and addition to the plant and not for the benefit of the tramway trust. Mr Hickford, solicitor, said: I desire to inform you that as the new agreement is not identical with the original indenture dated 25th September, 1889, the new agreement is a new delegation and in accordance with Section 5 of the Tramway Act 18h6, must be approved of by the Governor in Council. Without this approval the agreement is outside the statute and ultra vires, apart altogether from other objections to the procedure proposed to be adopted by the majority of the council. Mr H. B. Howard Smith also wrote on the same subject. Cr Patterson, who had given notice of motion for the rescinding of the minute granting the extension to the company, now moved for its rescission. Cr Marsden seconded. The matter had been thoroughly thrashed out and he intended to waste no time. Cr Clark did not intend to comment upon the Minister's letter. It was no new extension, but purely and simply a legal extension as set forth in the original agreement and they were legally,if not morally, bound to grant the extension. The whole abuse has been showered on me. No secrecy, as alleged, had been used. Councillors had acted openly. Justice Hodges had ruled that a verbal agreement was valid. Ours to the Company is in writing. If it came to a question of law, we would, win or lose, not be awarded any costs: They had better, even if they had made a mistake, abide by their decision, as it would be but for 5 years. It was the only course open to them for no one wished for the taking of the trams by the council or to see the trams go from Sorrento due to the leasing of the roads as suggested by Mr Smith, it would be the last of the cabmen: They would have no chance if the buses came. Ex-Cr Cain had stated they should have a rental of �50 per annum and a good. will of �500. As to licenses they had no power to demand same from the Company. As to speed the regulations provided for this, it was their duty to protect the interests of the ratepayers. Cr Shaw: If this be deemed a new delegation then there would be no chance of the Governor in Council approving of same ? Cr Stanley had voted against the proposal to refer to the Minister and had voted for the extension, which they were bound to grant. He had spoken to a great many of the ratepayers who approved of their action. It was a lot of rot taking a referendum. Let those who had voted in favor of the extension be men and vote for what they had promised. Great expense will, he feared, be incurred if the extension, which he contended they were morally bound to grant, were not given to the Company. Cr Shaw was between the devil and the deep sea. He must support the minister for he thought it would be a mistake to go against him. He was reluctant to go over for he thought, morally, they were bound to grant the extension.The motion was then put and carried, and a division was called for. The voting was as follows :-For. Crs Marsden, Patterson, Shaw, Buckley and Davies; against, Crs Clark, Stanley, Symonds and Haig. Cr Buckley moved that a copy of Mr Hagelthorn's letter be for warded to the Company. Cr Stanley rose, to a point of order. It did not come under ordinary business.-The President upheld Cr Stanley and the matter then dropped.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-10-1913.)


SELECTIVE LIST OF THE FIRST FLINDERS ROAD BOARD RATEPAYERS.
Not having a parish of Flinders map, I suspected that many of the ratepayers nearby would have had land in this parish as well. Many of those in the parish of Balnarring near Red Hill have already been recorded elsewhere. My purpose in this selective transcription (27 out of 110)was to record information about these pioneers straddling the boundaries between Flinders and other parishes and those whose families were Flinders Shire councillors or notable participants in the area's history.
8-6-1869. With the exception of Robert Anderson (leasing from Howitt), allsupposedly owned the stated number of acres.
Bittern Parish.
David Mairs 1123, Hugh Hunt 636, William Davis (Davies) 68 acres, William Hurley Snr. 84, John Buckley 140, William Hurley Jnr. 80.
Balnarring Parish.
Peter Nowlan 190, John Caldwell 225, Paul Vansuylen 224, Edward Downward 252, John Campbell Downward 312, John Buckley 54.
Flinders Parish.
Thomas Ormiston Martin 330, John Baldry 145, James Simonds (Symonds) 558, James Kennedy 51, Robert Boyd 56, Henry Tuck 970, William Bayne 197, Martin Higgins 149, Michael Byrne 151, Robert Kennedy 102, Patrick Kennedy 30, Charles Graves 382, John and Richard Barker 425, John Barker Snr. 3481, Robert Anderson (Howitt) 1967.

Balnarring was a locality rather than a town but it was the venue for a get-together of old pioneers that is mentioned in most histories of the peninsula. An article called A VISIT TO BALNARRING in the entry for John Buckley makes it clear why Balnarring was chosen for this reunion. The list of pioneers mentioned in the article contains many of the first Flinders Road Board ratepayers.

PARISHES. Kangerong is between Ellerina and Arthurs Seat/Red Hill/Junction/Bulldog Creek Rds, with Latrobe Pde indicating its boundary with Wannaeue(which extended west to Government Rd (Rye) and south to Limestone Rd.) West of Wannaeue was Nepean. East of Kangerong was Balnarring which was separated from Bittern by Balnarring Rd.The parish of Flinders was separated from Fingal by Main Creek and from Balnarring (south of Shands Rd) by Stony Creek. North of Ellerina/Bruce/Foxey's Hangout Rds is the parish of Moorooduc (east to Jones Rd) which was never part of the Shire of Flinders.

The following has information about several councillors in 1947.
FLINDERS COUNCILLORS It is understood the "father" of the Flinders Shire Council, Cr. Dave Buckley, of Balnarring, will not seek re-election for the East Riding at the August election. Cr. Buckley has served the Council well for well over thirty years. It is stated that there are no less than three likely candidates. Names which have been mentioned are Cr. Haywood (Frankston and Hastings Shire), Messrs. Rundle and H. Nilsson. We regret to state that Cr. W. H. Goss, a member of the North Riding of Flinders Shire, is still not in good health. He has been ill for a long time, and his pleasant smile is missed from Council meetings. Cr David Macfarlan, who suffered a very serious illness a few years ago, appears to be back to good health again. Actually he has made a remarkable recovery, and is able to attend the Council meetings regularly. Cr. Macfarlan, who has an excellent knowledge of municipal affairs, has rendered the Flinders shire excellent service. It is to be hoped he will continue his present improved state of health.
(P.7, Standard, Frankston, 19-6-1947.)


OH THE FARMERS AND THE BUSINESSMEN SHOULD BE FRIENDS!
The following involved many councillors mentioned below and was found accidentally while I was searching for information about Cr Lord (which trove interpreted as Edward Ford.) It is included because it shows the mindset of the peninsula residents at that time. Free Trade v Protectionism was a big issue in State politics and keeping rates low was a big concern to many councillors and ratepayers. It was to cope with a low rate base that many shires shared engineers and medical officers with neighbouring municipalities, in our case, Mornington. Another cost-cutting measure was to employ second-rate engineers as pointed out in John Cain's memories.

FARMERS' UNION.
A numerously attended meeting of farmers was held at the Temperance hall, Dromana, on Saturday evening, in connection with the establishment of a local "farmers' union." Mr Mairs, president of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong, was elected chairman.

Mr Robert Anderson, in moving that the name of the union be the Flinders and Kangerong Farmers' Union, con- gratulated the farmers upon the establishment of the union, and he hoped that in future the farmers generally would be a power, and properly represented in Parliament. They had in the past been heavily taxed, and their burdens were still being increased, and he should like to know if they had a difficulty to live in the past how was it possible to do so in the future with extra burdens upon them ? He strongly condemned the present tariff on agricultural implements, as it acted as a check upon the industry and prosperity of the farmers and if the farmers were not industrious and prosperous not only Melbourne but the whole of Victoria would suffer, for tho farmers were the real wealth producers and not the artificial shams the so called manufactories were. He believed in having the whole world for a market, and felt assured that if such were the case all would be better off. At any rate let the farmers rouse themselves, and see that their burdens were relieved. If other classes like to burden themselves let them do so, but let the farmer look to himself. He pointed out that one of tho chief objects of the union would be to obtain a reduction of the enormous Government expenditure which is yearly increasing while the colony is daily becoming less prosperous. He had much pleasure in moving that the name of the union be the Flinders and Kangerong farmers Union.

The motion was seconded by Mr Gibson.

Mr Downward of Balnarring, moved as an amendment, that no union be established but was ruled out of order, the chairman informing him that the meeting was not to discuss the desirability of establishing a union, but merely to name the union already established. Mr Downward then, in order to have an opportunity of discussing the matter, moved, as an amendment, that the union be called The Anti-Berry Union. He himself believed in reform leagues and protection. He thought the stock tax a good one. After a speech generally in support of the Ministry, he assured the chairman that very few or those present were in favour of having a union at all.

The amendment was seconded by Mr.Johnson.

Mr John Cain supported the motion. He was greatly in favour of free trade and a change of Ministry. He thought the farmers were being driven down hill too rapidly, and they should put the brake on. He would like to ask them what they thought of a man who could say of them, "What does a man who follows the plough know about taxation?" He thought the farmers of this colony were as intelligent as any other class, and he trusted they would now show their intelligence and never rest till they had a better Government and less taxation on their agricultural implements.

Mr Gibson also supported the motion. He thought tho only producers were the farmers, and it was by them the rest of the colony were supported, and that they should be listened to by the country.

Mr Downward withdrew his amendment as he only wished to excite discussion. However, he would issue the challenge, if the chairman would put it to the meeting, that he would find a considerable majority against
farmers' unions.

The Chairman before putting the motion said with their permission he would like to say a few words. He would not disguise the fact that he was a freetrader, and 35 years' experience in the colony had taught him that free trade was the best for us. He would like to know what we should do if every nation were walled in and become protectionists. He believed in commerce. It was a most beneficent thing for mankind to exchange the commodities they could not produce themselves. And the great ocean was a wise creation which enabled man to do this, and it was folly to refuse the benefits thus ensured.

The motion was then put and carried.

Mr Robt Anderson said that in order to prevent misunderstanding and misrepresentation, he would move that the challenge of Mr Downward be accepted.

Mr Gibson seconded the motion, and suggested that a division be taken.

A division was then taken, and after several rejections of voters on both sides, on account of non- qualification, it was found that there were 28 for and 17 against farmers unions, thus giving farmers unions a majority of 11.

The following committee was then appointed -Messrs D Mairs, John Cain, J. Boag, D Cairns, Watkin, W Gibson, Robt.Anderson, E. Williams, and E. Ford.

At a committee meeting held subsequently, the following office bearers were appointed: - Robt. Anderson J.P., president; D Mairs,J.P. president Shire Council, vice president ; Walter Gibson, treasurer, and John Cain, hon. secretary.
(P.6, Argus, 2-12-1879.)

THE NON-COUNCILLORS.(GIBSON,JOHNSON,BOAG,CAIRNS, WATKIN,WILLIAMS, FORD.)
Walter Gibson was an early tenant on the Safety Beach end of the Survey who bought Cottier's grants west of Collins Rd in Dromana, the western half of which became the Monaco Estate(Rainier Ave to Lombardy Ave.)He named his house, situated just east of Ponderosa Ave, "Glenholm". After the sale of the Clarke Estate in 1907, Walter bought much Survey Land. He straightened the last mile of Dunns Creek, which used to flow into Sheepwash Creek,and it was called Gibson's Creek for some time. Walter used to wash his sheep in Sheepwash Creek. Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA has much detail about Walter and his family.

Robert Johnson was an early pioneer of the Balnarring locality in the parish of Bittern.He was granted all the land in the triangle between Balnarring and Stumpy Gully Rds south of the cricket ground. The family operated the Balnarring post office for many years.See BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES, VOLUME 2.

James Robertson Boagan original ratepayer of the Kangerong Road Board, owned or leased 444 acres in the parish of Fingal and established a dairy and guest house, "Melrose" at Dromana. While at Fingal, James probably supplemented his income with some fishing, which would account for the naming of Boag Rocks (Melway 252 B11.) Robert Quinan,Dromana schoolteacher, was living at Melrose, when he committed suicide. To earn extra income he did book-keeping for the shire and finding the figures didn't balance, tried to borrow money from Richard Watkins, who owned the Dromana Hotel.The request was refused and he could not face the shame of incompetence, being an acclaimed teacher as demonstrated by the 1861 petition.It was at Boag's that George McLear first met his beautiful future wife. See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. James Boag's farm was on crown allotment of section 1 Kangerong, consisting of 88 acres and he was assessed on it in the first Kangerong Road Board rate record of 1864. James Edward Boag was in occupation in 1910 and Melrose continued as a dairy after the Boags sold it, the last operators being the Turners. The Turner Estate, west of the Monaco Estate, has streets named after plants, the end of Heath Rd indicating the western boundary.
FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE BOAGS HAS BEEN PASTED INTO A NEW JOURNAL "JAMES ROBERTSON BOAG, DROMANA AND FINGAL,MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST." AND DELETED HERE AS IT DETRACTED FROM THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS JOURNAL.


David Cairns, with brother Alex, arrived at "Little Scotland" (north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rds) in about 1854, two years after their brother Robert had settled there.Robert's in-laws, the Drysdales, settled near Geelong and I'll not insult your intelligence by saying exactly where. See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO.

Richard Watkins built the Dromana Hotel in about 1857 and owned it for many decades. The hotel was remodelled by Lou Carrigg 70 years later but part of the original brickwork, now an internal wall, was shown to me by present owner, Ray Stella.

Edward Williams got a mention in LIME LAND LEISURE but in one of history's great howlers, this information is hidden in the biogaphical entry for the White family. He received grants straddling Browns Rd a short distance east of Truemans Rd and from this supplied a butcher's shop he established in Sorrento (near George St which was probably named after George White, who later bought the shop as a residence.)Before settling on his grants, Edward may have looked after Sidney Smith Crispo's grants on which he planned to establish the village of Manners-Sutton (named after the Governor and renamed Canterbury when Sir John became a Viscount.)Edward and Crispo had probably arrived on the same Survey ship in 1855. Edward Williams married Mary Campbell who had come out with Robert and Mary Cairns in 1852, probably meeting her at the Burrells' where she was employed as a servant.Crispo also received grants at Rosebud West, much of it covered by Village Glen, William Crescent etc, calling it "Eastbourne". This land passed to Edward Williams (through purchase or possibly inheritance)about 1900. Edward leased his Browns Rd land to such as Connop, Edmunds and Woonton and became Rosebud's butcher, probably selling from a cutting cart. Crispo spent his last days in the care of Edward and Mary at Eastbourne. His great dream of Eastbourne becoming Australia's Capital, Federanium, had never eventuated. It is an indictment on bureaucrats that the address of Edward Williams' house is 17 William Crescent; that's equivalent to calling Bankstown, Banktown!

Edward Ford was a member of the Ford family which established and named Portsea. In 1864, he was leasing
a shop and 6 acres from John Barker. This would have been on the Barkers' Boniyong pre-emptive right.The shop was a blacksmith's shop and I believe it was at or near the south east corner of Browns and Boneo Rds.In 1879, Edward Ford, blacksmith, was assessed on 158 acres, Wannaeue but the land was actually a grant in Wannaeue and a grant in Fingal, north and south respectively of Limestone Rd. C/A 26 Wannaeue, of 95 acres 2roods 20 perches, was at the north east corner of Truemans and Limestone Rds (Melway 252 G 2-3) and 5B Fingal of 62 acres 3 roods and 28 perches was bounded by Sandy Point Rd and today includes the Boneo Maze and Wetlands, (Melway 252 H-J 4.).



SHIRE OF FLINDERS COUNCILLORS.
PLEASE NOTE. Where information comes from LIME LAND LEISURE, this will be indicated by LLL plus the page number, e.g. William Ford (LLL 121.)

ANDERSON Robert, J.P. 1875-1884, 1886-1896. Two issues that caused Robert to write letters to the editor were Sorrento's bid to secede and become a borough and the Hobsons Flat Road drainage issue of roughly 1904-6 where he took Back Road Bob Cairns' side against Robert Henry Adams. A letter writer taunted Robert Anderson calling him a know-all and pointing out his failed attempts to win back a council seat.
Robert's property was Barragunda at Cape Schanck. Relationships between Anderson and Sorrento seemed healthy enough in March 1885, when Robert, President of the shire, was given a banquet there and the premier, Mr Service, was present.(Page 2, Bendigo Advertiser, 24-3-1885.)But in 1876 it was a different story. See SORRENTO'S NOT HAPPY!

The following is a copy of the address recently presented to Cr Robert Anderson of Cape Schanck.-Sir, We, the undersigned ratepayers of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong. wish to express to you our respect and the sense of obligation which we feel for your many and most valuable services to the district during the 30 years you have held a seat in the shire council. By refusing to drift with a mere majority, by raising your voice against extravagance and mismanagement, by facing your public duty at all times in a fearless manner without shunning the hostility always to be expected in such a course of honorable independence, you have earned our sincere gratitude, and we are glad to feel assured that you have the deepest respect from all in the district, even from those who have opposed your views; yet know that personally you have been high-souled and honorable, and that nothing but the advantage of the public has been the aim and end of your public career. The shire loses a great deal now that it is to be without the guidance of your knowledge of ? (and if?) you favour us so far as to allow yourself to be again nominated, we undertake to do all in our power to place you once more in a position wherein your great personal influence and clear judgement must of necessity render your presence valuable. (Here follow 38 signatures)
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 25-8-1898.)

See the CR G.M.HENDERSON entry for a glimpse of Robert Anderson in action.

BAKER Eric Hadlow J.P. 1963-81

BAKER Raymond Sydney J.P.1955-61, 1966-76
BAKER-CLARKE
A gown of white satin and taffeta and a tulle veil were worn by Kathleen Ailsa, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs J. Woolner Clarke, at her wedding to Lieutenant Raymond Sydney Baker, AIF returned, elder son of Mr and Mrs S. A. Baker, of Sorrento, which took place at St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Gardiner, yesterday.
(P.10, The Argus, 7-3-1946.

BAKER Sydney Alfred J.P.1948-65
Father of Raymond Sydney Baker. Sorrento resident. See above. He was probably Sid Baker of the Continental Hotel in Sorrento.
COOPER-BAKER-Joy Mary.Jean, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Cooper, 61 Trevellyan street, Elsternwick, to Frank, younger son of Mr. and Mrs. Sid Baker, Continental Hotel,Sorrento.(P.10, Argus, 21-7-1947.)

BALCKE Charles Ernest 1948-56
Cr Balke, from Crib Point,who defeated W.E.Craig 510 to 205 to gain a seat in East Riding in 1948, was Shire President in 1955-6. The Balcke family was heavily involved with the Crib Point Methodist Church. Ernest Balcke was a star sportsman at Frankston High School after starting in 1934 as a scholarship winner, one of three from the Crib Point school.

They're new presidents.
MORWELL, Thursday: Cr. Alan Hall has been elected for a sixth term as Shire president. His allowance is increased �50 to �300.
WODONGA: Cr. A. J. .Findlay, of Tintaldra Riding, has been ap pointed president of Upper Murray Shire.
ROSEBUD: Cr. R. Balcke, of Crib Point, has been elected shire president of Flinders. Allowance is �250. an increase of �50. (P.6, Argus, 9-9-1955.)

BALDRY John 1890-1901
The Baldry family was not assessed on land in the parish of Wannaeue in 1879 but John had 145 acres in the parish of Flinders by 1869. On 30-9-1899, John Baldry was assessed on this 145 acres and William Baldry on 60 acres, also in the parish of Flinders. In 1900, Albert Baldry was assessed on 450 acres in Flinders and John Baldry 161 acres in Wannaeue. John Baldry was granted crown allotment 8, section B Wannaeue, of 161 acres, on 25-2-1902. Its approximate location is Melway 254 E-F 5. South of, and adjoining the Main Ridge equestrian ground, it fronted Baldrys Rd to Baldrys Crossing, with the south boundary being Main Creek and the west boundary being parallel with Baldrys Rd. It is likely that the Flinders land was just south of Baldrys Crossing, Main Creek being the parish boundary.

This is how John Baldry's land was described in 1902.
AROUND FLINDERS. SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED [By Our Special Representative.] BALDRY'S. In this article we have been dealing, so far, with the properties along the shores of Bass Straits and Western port Bay. A good portion of the land back towards the Main Ridge contains some excellent soil, but is heavily timbered and badly in need of cleaning up. There are some properties in this part, however, that are certainly well worth a visit. " Wildwood," the property of Mr John Baldry, who holds nearly 800 acres of splendid land (350 acres of which was purchased at the recent subdivisional sale of Barker's estate), is situated almost on the crown of the Ridge and near the boundary of Wannaeue, Fingal and Flinders. When obtained from the Crown, "Wildwood," the bulk of which is now a valuable wellimproved property, was in a very rough timbered condition and the owner, like a good many of our pioneers, has had to spend many long years of hard work in preparing the thickly wooded land for the plough and has on three occasions had his house and effects destroyed by bush fires since building his first homestead. Though for several years past Mr Baldry has been growing large quantities of hay, potatoes and other crops, he now intends going in almost exclusively for grazing, for which industry the rich undulating, well-watered land is, when cleared, very suitable. Baldry is a great enthusiast in floriculture and keeps quite a nursery of plants of that class for his own amusement. There is a comfortable homestead in a splendid position on the highest part of the property, and the garden, orchard and some of the smaller cleared paddocks are enclosed with hawthorn hedges. Mr Baldry, who has served the rate payers for some years on the local shire council and occupied the presidential chair with credit, has now re- tired from municipal life.(Around Flinders, P.2, Mornington Standard, 13-9-1902.)
NOT MUCH LUCK!
We regret very much to learn that whilst on a visit to a sister in Melbourne a few days ago, Miss Agnes Baldry (the only unmarried daughter of Cr Baldry of Flinders) suddenly died through the rupture of an abscess behind the eye, which caused a smAll clot of blood to form on the brain. The remains were interred in Flinders cemetery on Tuesday. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 17-4-1898.)

FLINDERS. (From One Own Correspondent.) Much regret was felt when the sad news reached the township of the death of Mr Albert Baldry, which occurred at a private hospital in Melbourne on Saturday last. The fatal illness commenced with a swelling on the neck. Blood poisoning followed and from the first Dr Buchanan; who was attending the case and two other medical advisers, held out small hopes for the recovery of the patient, who for a while did much better than was expected, and his friends were cheered with the news that there was a likelihood of his recovery, but unfortunately an attack of pneumonia followed with fatal results. The deceased gentleman, who, was 36 years of age, was a son of Cr Baldry of "Wildwood" Flinders, and has resided for the greater part of his life in the district, and the news of his death came as a shock to his many friends, with whom he was held in great esteem. The remains were interred in the Flinders cemetery on Monday last.Much sympathy is felt for,Mr and Mrs Baldry and family in their sad bereavement.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-5-1982.)

More bad luck!
It is to be hoped that Mrs Baldry, who met with such a serious accident some short time since, will soon rapidly progress favourably towards recovery. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 18-4-1903.)

Although not indicated in LIME LAND LEISURE, John Baldry was a Justice of the Peace.(P.3, M.S. 16-7-1896.)

Kangerong Agricultural & Horticultural Soclety, Dromana. The Sixth Show Will be held on Wednesday, March 26, 1902. President, Robt. Anderson, Esq., J.P. Vice President, Wm. Patterson. Esq. Committee, Messrs D. Cairns, J. G. Chapman, J, Baldry, Geo. Hoskens, James Townsend. Hon, Treas.,N.Rudduck. Hon, Sec, G. H. Rogers.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 1-3-1902.)

FLINDERS .. ANNUAL ATHLETIC SPORTS To be held on TUESDAY, JANUARY 1,1907. -In the ...............FLINDERS PARK................ PATRONS.-Hon. F. S. Grimwade, M.L.C.; A. 'Downward, Esq., M.L.A.; C. T. Cooke, Esq., H. Sharp, Esq., Robert Anderson, Esq., J.P., James Guest, Esq., James Simmonds, Esq., W. SBegrave, Esq., T. Holland, Esq., G. Day, Esq., D. M. Maxwell, Ese., and A. Buchanan, Esq. OFFICE-BEARERS.-President - H. Sharp, Esq. Vice-Presidents-Messrs T. E. M. Darley and L. Nolan. Committee Messrs T. Delaney, E. Dowse, H. Boyd, W. H, Parr, R. Baldry , M. Higgins, L. Wilding, J. Riley, J. Symonds, T. Fox, H. Hopcraft, F. Prebble, W. M'Intosh, L. E. McKay,and T.Tuck. Judge-Mr T. Holland. Starter--Mr. T. Darley Judge and Stsrter of Chopping Contest. -Mr. T. Darley. Handicappers-Messrs J, Shand, T. Darley, and D. Buckley. (P.5,M.S., 8-2-1906.)

BALDRY-HOPCRAFT. A wedding was celebrated at St. Paul's, Frankston, on Thursday, 10th inst., by the Rev. A.P. McFarlane, the contracting parties being Mr .J. R. Baldry, of Flinders, and Miss Hopcraft, of Balnarring, a grand-daughter of Mrs Renouf, of Frankston. The bride, who was given away by Mr F. Renouf, was attended by Misses Griffiths and Hopcraft as bridesmaids. After the ceremony, an adjournment was made to the residence of the bride's grandmother (Mrs Renouf), where the wedding breakfast was partaken of. The customary toasts were honoured that of the " Bride and Bridegroom" being proposed in appropriate terms by the Rev. A. P. McFarlane, and was suitably acknowledged by the bridegroom. Mr and Mrs Baldry will reside in Flinders.
(P.6, Mornington Standard, 19-3-1904.)

The Hopcrafts were at the north end of Tucks Rd. Mrs Renouf was the daughter of Henry Prosser and married Isaac Sawyer, and after his death, Mr Renouf. A member of the Renouf family named "Island View" on the subdivision of the Flood estate, recalled by Island View Ave at Melway 148 C-D 12.)

One more bit of bad luck. No wonder John Baldry disappeared from the rate books.
Mr John Baldry Killed. We regret to announce this morning the death of Mr John Baldry, of " Wildwood," Flinders, the result of an accident through a fall from his horse. On Sunday morning last, the deceased gentleman rode out to one of his paddocks. He did not return at the time promised, and a search was made for him. On Monday the body of deceased was found, and not far distant the saddle was picked up, with the girth broken. A magisterial enquiry was held before Mr Rudduck, J.P., on Tuesday. and after hearing the evidence, a verdict of accidental death was recorded. By this regrettable accident the district loses a very old resident and pioneer. The deceased gentleman,who was 73 years of age, was a native of Suffolk, England. He secured the Crown grant of the land, which he held until his death, as far back as 1860, and immediately set himself the hard task of making a home in the bush, which entailed a considerable amount of hardship and hard work. He certainly experienced and overcame a very full share of the vicissitudes which fall to the lot of the sturdy settler, who undertakes the task of converting a portion of rough, heavily timbered country into a snug property. The remoteness of the holding and its hardness of access at that time to any settlement often placed Mr and Mrs Baldry and a family of young children in difficulty as to securing provisions, and on three occasions the bush fires swept away the homestead. Mr Baldry always took a great interest in the progress of the district, and well deserves the gratitude of the residents for the conscientious hard work which he ungrudgingly undertook for very many years. He did a large share in procuring schools for the children and the organisation of many improvements and advantages which are now being enjoyed. For a good many years he held a seat for the Centre Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, from which he retired a few years ago. He fulfilled a term of office as President with credit. In disposition he was genial and kindly, and gained the good-will of all with whom he came into contact, whilst any work he took in hand was done in a whole-hearted unostentatious way. Very deep sympathy is felt for Mrs Baldry and family, all of whom are married.
(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 11-7-1908.)


BARKER John Jnr. 1875-80
BARKER Richard 1881-7
The Barkers were successful graziers on the Mornington Peninsula (where many squatters had quit) but also in the Castlemaine area where that brother is recalled by Barkers Creek.
Both LIME LAND LEISURE and Bruce Bennett's THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE give much detail about the Barker family.

In the early 1840's, the southern part of the Mornington Peninsula was held as large runs with John and Dr Edward Barker at Cape Schanck, William Hobson at Tootgarook and Maurice Meyrick at Boniyong (Boneo).

In 1842 John Barker had returned to England and his brother Dr Edward Barker took over the running of their land Barrabang. Edward Barker was a surgeon who gave up medicine for the land but later returned to be on the surgical staff at Melbourne Hospital.

It was while his brother John was in England that a disagreement between Edward Barker and Maurice Meyrick led to a pistol duel, which took place on one of the 'cups' near the turn off to the present Cape Schanck Lighthouse. (Discover Mornington Peninsula.)


The Barkers took over Meyrick's run soon afterward but probably continued to live in the Cape Schanck area. Barkers Rd near Main Ridge is a reminder of their presence there but is not the only one.

FLINDERS. The sale of Barker's Cape Schanck and Boniyong properties took place in the Flinders Mechanics' Institute on Friday last in the presence of several visitors including Messrs Carty Salmon M.H.R. and Levien M.L.A., Mr W. Lobb and several other well known gentlemen in business and agricultural circles and a large number of our local farmers and graziers. Mr Groom M.H.R. conducted the sale on behalf of Messrs Hamilton and Co. The surveyor, Mr Johnston of Messrs Johnston and Tate and Mr Talbot, the solicitor for the mortgagees were also present. A comparatively small portion of the estate was sold by public auction. Several blocks, were, we hear, afterwards sold by private treaty and some gentlemen are negotiating for the purchase of the bulk of the remainder. The following were the public sales-Cape Schanck property: Lots 1, 2, and 8, with frontage to Cape Schanck road at Double Creek near Flinders township, about 29 acres in all, Mr J. Symonds, Flinders, 10 10s; lot 4, known as "The Grange", with ocean frontage, Mr Maxwell, Armadale, 13; lots 6 and 7 containing 49 and 40 acres respectively with frontages to the (ocean?) and Cape Schanck road, Mr Levien M.L.A. 12 and 11 10s; lot 1 , known as "Snake Bank" 100 acres Mr Dowie, Neerim 9 5s ; lot 12 adjoining, 94 acres, Mr Edwards Dromana 10. Boniyong Estate:--Lot 1, near the Boneo cemetery, 112 acres, Mr. R. Cairns 4 15s ; lot 2 adjoining the above on the south side, 116 acres, Mr Buchanan Flinders, 5 2s 6d. The following were some of the private sales effected-Cape Schanck Estate Lots 30 and 31, known as the mountain paddock, 170 and 184 acres respectively went to Messrs Lloyd and R. Baldry for 2 and 2 12s 6d, Mr Buchanan purchased lot 26 containing 117 acres and adjoining his own property on the north side at 4 11s.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 26-12-1901.)

AROUND FLINDERS. SOME PROPERTIES DESCRIBED [By Our Special Representative.]
COOKE'S. Starting our tour this week at the Main Creek (the boundary of the parishes of Flinders and Fingal), on the way from Sorrento to Flinders, we come to some excellent grazing land. On the south side of the picturesque road which winds up and down the hills and commands many beautiful views of the rocky cliffs and headlands on the shore of the southern ocean we see the fine old homestead built by the late Mr John Barker, some 40 years ago. This old landmark of the district, with about 1400 acres of good grazing land, has recently been purchased by Mr C.T.Cooke, brother of Mr Winter Cooke, M.L.C., whose estate in the Western district he has been managing for some years. Mr Cooke intends going in for grazing and has some very fine stock on the place. The old homestead is now undergoing a thorough repair and now fencing is being erected all over the property: Under Mr Cooke's management "Clondrisse " (as the place has now been christened) should, with its numerous natural advantages, soon be an ideal estate.

After Buchanan's, Symond's and Levien's, the writer came to:
MAXWELL'S . Adjoining is about 75 acres recently purchased by Mr Maxwell. On this property stands "The Grange," which was Mr Barker's first homestead after he took up the Cape Schanck run.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 13-9-1902.)

Many members of the Barker family were buried in the Flinders Cemetery.

Conclusive proof that the same family owned the Boneo and (parish of )Flinders properties was found at the start of the 1897-8 rates where the big landholdings of the Barkers, Robert Anderson, David Mairs etc had been typed up and placed in the rate book. The rate collector was apparently unaware that "executrix" was the feminine of executor. John Barker, executrix (sic) of the late Susannah Barker, was assessed on the Boniyong pre-emptive right in Wannaeue, the Cape Schanck pre-emptive right in (the parish of) Flinders and crown allotments 2 and 6 in Fingal.

The following illustrates that the Barkers were truly involved in their community and took their responsibilities as councillors seriously, rather than being absentee Lords of the Manor who saw their seats as badges of honour.
FLINDERS, Sunday.
The Flinders and Boneo detachments of the Victorian Mounted Rifles had a sham encounter on Friday night. A Boneo force of 12 men, under Corporal Barker, attempted to surprise Flinders, which was defended by a detachment of the same strength, under Sergeant Brown.(P.8, Argus, 27-2-1889.)

FLINDERS, SUNDAY.
A well attended public meeting was held at Shoreham last night to consider what steps should be taken to bring the Flinders district within railway communication with Melbourne . Mr W.Bowen J.P. occupied the chair. It was moved by Mr W Barker, seconded by Mr Edmond C Riley, and carried unanimously
"That the extent, population, and natural resources of the district are such as to warrant an extension of the Crib Point line to Flinders, and that the present time is opportune to press such claims."

It was proposed by Mr J Bedell, seconded by Mr W Millar, and carried unanimously-
"That a committee be appointed consisting of the president of the shire council of Flinders and Kangerong, Mr W. Bowen J. P. , Mr Robert Anderson J. P., Mr J Barker J P, Councillor R.Stanley, Councillor D. Mairs, Messrs. Thos. Attenborough, Jno. Benn, Wm. Barker , W Brown, W. Dickson, Jno. Oswin G. W. Cole, R.Lockhead, Wm. Segrave, E. J Callanan, Peter Nowlan, W Millar, W Bayne and Jno Bedell, with power to add to their number to take such steps as they may deem necessary to secure this desirable object."

Mr E. J. Callanan was appointed secretary. (P.9, Argus, 21-5-1888.)

MUNICIPAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA.
Two group meetings of the Municipal Association of Victoria were held in the Exchange yesterday.

The first meeting consisted of the three groups of shires in the Melbourne district. The following shires were represented at this meeting -Lillydale.Mr.D Mitchell; Coburg, Mr. P. M'Cowan ; Broadmeadows, Mr. J. Kerr; Springfield, Mr J. Hurst ; Heidelberg, Mr. J. Bond; Whittlesea, Mr J. Morris, Oakleigh; Mr. J Jordan, Flinders; Mr. J Barker, jun.; Eltham, Mr E H. Cameron, M,L A.; Wyndham, Mr. P. Kelly; Boroondara, Mr. E. Dillon.



BARTHOLOMEW William 1914-16
Cr Bartholomew drew attention to the impassable state of Punty road, and suggested some improvement, which he thought would be beneficial. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 13-5-1916.) As Punty's Lane (Melway 255 E 9) is in the parish of Flinders, I presume that William was a centre riding councillor. William Bartholomew, Flinders, was a farmer and sold 12 wethers at the Tanti Market (between the much smaller Tanti Hotel and the railway crossing on the Pt Nepean Rd at Mornington) on May 3rd. ((P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 6-5-1916.)

Flinders Shire-Centre Riding-. W. Bartholomew (retiring*). East Riding-Mr Stanley (retiring). West Riding-Mr Marsden (retiring) ; J. L. Brown. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 15-8-1914.) *

It appears that William, (and Messrs Dowie and Hoskins) lived in or near Razorback Rd (Melway 261 B9)as they offered to pay 22 pounds towards the cost of forming and metalling it.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-9-1913.)

BENSILUM Isaac Edward 1893-5
See CROAD entry.
LIME LAND LEISURE did an injustice to Isaac by leaving his name out of the index, but also seemingly by missing one of his terms as a councillor.

LIFE PORTRAITS. THE WEST RIDING CANDIDATE. Mr.I.E.Bensilum, candidate for the West Riding, Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, the subject of the present sketch, was born in London in 1858, is now 35 years old, educated at Norwick College, England, and was intended for the medical profession, but after a brief experience of Hospital Museums and the London University dissecting room, his ardour to become a doctor abated, and seeing the distaste he evinced, his father considered a commercial life would be more advisable, and he was accordingly entered in at the age of sixteen to a large firm of accountants where he remained three years, the routine and ???????????????? became distasteful, and after a short deliberation, he sailed for Victoria just sixteen years ago. For the first two years he followed various occupations, and obtained a good rough colonial experience. the goal of all new chums; in passing from colony to colony he obtained a good insight in the workings of large hotels, which decided him to keep to this game; after managing the Port Phillip Club Hotel, Melbourne, for two years, he accepted the management of the Sorrento Hotel, Sorrento, leaving it at the end of seven years to enter into the Continental, which he with a keen eye to the possib- ilities of the place, purchased right out 5 years ago. Both of the hotels were developed wonderfully under his capable management, and the Continental today is well known throughout Victoria as one of the best appointed hotels in the colonies. A visit to the Continental at Mr Bensilum's invitation was a revelation to us, we never imagined that such appointments and furnishing were to be found out of Melbourne, the accommodation and conveniences for 150 guests being perfect, but in addition to the appointments of a first class hotel, a huge refrigerating and ice plant has been erected capable of turning out three cwt of ice a day, and having cool storage capacity for twenty bullocks, the whole being worked by a powerful steam plant; in answer to our enquiry as to whether improvements on such a large scale were not ahead of the times, and would entail loss; a pitying smile at our ignorance was followed by the information that it was owing to these improvements that the hotel is so largely patronised with satisfactory results to both patrons and proprietor. Mr. Bensilum has been bold enough to persist in keeping his business up to date, and sinking all profits therein, with the result that today he is one of the most successful hotel proprietors in Port Phillip Bay. Notwithstanding Mr. Bensilum's keen attention to his business, he devotes time and money towards the improvement of the locality, and has been instrumental in obtaining many benefits for the district, his energy when acting in conjunction with others for the public good is inspiring and infectious, and failure rarely follows any scheme with which he is associated. In conjunction with Hon. Geo. Coppin M.L.C., and several other gentlemen, he holds the position of trustee of the Ocean Amphitheatre Park, and the Sorrento Water Reserve, he also holds the commission Lieutenant of Garrison Artillery. Before taking our departure we asked if he was confident of heading the poll, and were frankly told that "he didn't know," nothing being sure in this world, but that he would not be defeated for the want of trying: all his supporters we have seen, appear very confident as to the result, the rallying cry on their posters is " Vote for Bensilum and you will never regret it," now without going so far as to endorse all this, and also without the faintest trace of partisanship, we must admit that any constituency returning Mr.Bensilum, will have the services of an intelligent, successful, and up to date man of business.
(P.1, Mornington Standard, 3-8-1893.)

Flinders and Kangerong (Shire) :-East Riding : Bryan Tonkin, 61; John Joliffe (retiring member), 38. For the West Riding there were two can didates, Mesrs. Edward Ford and J..E. Bensilum, the latter being returned by a majority of 14. For the auditorship, Mr. George M'Lear was returned unopposed. (P.4, South Bourke and Mornington Journal,19-8-1885.)
Isaac Bensilum built the Athenaeum concert hall at Sorrento in 1898; David McFarlan used it to show silent movies with one of his daughters playing the piano. (Lime Land Leisure P. 135- not shown in the index!) Isaac was the licensee of the Continental in 1893 and Nellie Bensilum in 1904. He was at one time a director of the steam tramway company at Sorrento. The above information comes for trove which reveals Isaac's embarrassment in 1893.

MELBOURNE, Thursday Afternoon.
The charge of conspiracy to defeat the ends of justice against Lloyd, Sheehan, and M'Laughlin, the private detectives who are accused of trying to spirit away Kreitz, for an indecent assault on whom Ferguson has been committed for trial, was taken before the City Court to-day, but was adjourned for a week.

There has been a further sensational development in connection with the case. Isaac Bensilum, licensee of the Continental Hotel, Sorrento, step- father of young Ferguson, was arrested to-day. Bensilum is a shire councillor, and is much respected.
(P.4, Barrier Miner,Broken Hill, 21-9-1893.)

FINGAL GRANT. On 2-3-1888, G.Isaacs and I.E.Bensilum were granted crown allotments 6A and 5A in the parish of Fingal. Consisting of 208 acres 3 roods and 18 perches, this eye-shaped land was bounded by Sandy Rd on the north and Maxwell Rd on the south. I suspect it was bought as land speculation for thee reasons:an advertisement for land nearby at about that time stated that land buyers could make a livelihood in the lime trade; Thomas Monahan, grantee of 884 acres just south west, had also bought many suburban blocks at Rye Township and about 160 acres just east of the McLear's Maryfield at Dromana and no evidence of him living on the peninsula has been found; and finally, Isaacs and Whitaker received the grants for 622 acres fronting the north side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd between Coolart Rd and Jones Rd and their names did not appear on trove as residents in the parish of Moorooduc.

BISHOP George Arthur 1958-69
The reserve containing the playground near the Dromana Pier is called the George A.Bishop Reserve. It was so-named in 1972 after George Bishop, a Dromana resident since 1939, because of his tireless community service which included the period mentioned above as a councillor.

George Bishop's arrival in Dromana was due to his posting there as a policeman. A photo of First Constable G.Bishop (President Dromana Cricket Club), of relatively poor quality, can be seen on page 9 of the Standard of 28-2-1946. George's police work involved smart work to prevent burglars escaping and a search on the bay for three fishermen in 1944, a search for a 22 month old boy and a murder in 1948, bravely disarming an armed shooter in 1950 at Clondrisse Station, the discovery of human bones and battling a huge fire near Red Hill in 1951, and Shirley Collins' murder at Mt Martha in 1953. George and his colleague received the Police Valour Medal for the incident at Clondrisse. (P.3, Argus, 3-10-1951, with a much better photo of George!)

A record of his public service is available on trove. For example:

SHIRE OF FLINDERS' REPATRIATION COMMITTEE. At a public meeting, held in the Memorial Hall, Dromana for the purpose of forming the Dromana Advisory Committee, the following were elected:- Messrs. G. W. Brown, G.A. Bishop, C. C. Copp, A. Flockhart, C. Hickman, A. F. Johnson. (acting secretary),,W.Miller, J. Pettigrew, G. Osborne, W. Lardner; H. H. Strickland; E. Rudduck, and R. Moorehead. The committee will appoint four representatives nominated by the group committees. (P.3, Standard, Frankston, 14-9-1944.)

DROMANA DROMANA VICTORY CELEBRATIONS. Huge Success Likely. Mr. George Bishop, honorary organiser, reported on Tuesday that the stage was set for the holding of the monster celebrations and welcome home at Dromana on Friday.etc.(P.6, Standard, 28-3-1946.)

DROMANA DROMANA FORESHORE The secretary of the Flinders Shire (Mr. H. H. Strickland) presided over a public meeting held at Dromana for the purpose of electing a committee of management for the Dromana Foreshore Reserve. The president of the shiire (Cr. W. G. Hiscock) was unable to preside because of illness. Many people attended the meeting, at which there was considerable discussion. A certain amount of criticism was levelled at the old committee by some people present. The election resulted in the following persons being chosen to represent the Trust for a period of three years: Messrs. Sam. Wilson, D. Shaw, B. Andrew, J. Ross, W. Lardner, H. Trivett, G. Bishop and B. Hewitt. (P.6, Standard, 1-8-1946.)

POSTSCRIPT. 28-3-2014.
Beside the approach to the Dromana Pier are the George Bishop Reserve to the west and and Ernest Rudduck Square to the east. Colin McLear mentioned the latter in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and it was years before I discovered its location by pure chance. Both men were obviously great community contributors but apparently they were also both Shire of Flinders councillors although the LIME LAND LEISURE index on the internet does not mention this, and the heroic George Bishop was not in the index at all.

Therefore I was surprised to find that Dromana Secondary College exists because of George Bishop's persistence. As one of the aims of my research is to acknowledge our pioneers, I often google one of them just to check that I have succeeded. My internet research is usually done from trove (old newspapers)so I hadn't seen this before.

History and Tradition - Dromana Secondary College
Dromana Technical School 1967-1988
Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007

Dromana Technical School 1967-1988 Dromana Secondary College 1988-2007
Albeit minimal in numbers settlement commenced in the district as early as 1838. It would take until February 1861 before Dromana was proclaimed a township. Only thirteen years later in 1874 primary education began with the establishment of the Dromana State School No184, but it would take another 93 years before secondary education in Dromana commenced.

Cr George Bishop, a Flinders Shire Councillor and Policeman stationed at Dromana, having failed to get a Technical School in Mornington the year before, called a meeting at the Rosebud Memorial Hall in October 1966 for parents of prospective students. He reported to the large crowd in attendance that his tireless work had paid off and he had won the struggle to obtain a technical school at Dromana.

Cr Bishop believed that the time was right to open a technical school to compliment Rosebud High School, a co-educational secondary school that had commenced operation in 1954, and Red Hill Consolidated School which held classes from Prep to Form 4 (Year 10). Any boy however wanting a trade education had to catch a bus and those who resided on the Westernport side of the peninsula, a train to Frankston Technical School.

It was Cr Bishops drive and enthusiasm and his no nonsense approach to the community that ensured the establishment of our school. At the time of the opening of the school (107 years after our towns humble beginnings) the population on the southern peninsula had reached a level where justification was in order for a permanent technical school for the district south of Frankston taking in the areas covered by the Shires of Flinders, Mornington, and Hastings.



BOWEN William 1895-7
DEATHS.
BOWEN.--On the 19th April, at "Seaview," Shoreham, Arthur Vivian, the fourth surviving son of William Bowen, formerly of "Kalimna," Balnarring and "Aymestry," Brighton-road, St.Kilda, aged 29 years. (Interred 21st April.) (P.1, Argus, 22-4-1903.)

BOWEN�CHAPPLE. �On the 30th September, at St. Andrew's Church, Brighton, by Rev. Reginald Stephen, M.A., Robert Harold, son of William Bowen, Aymestry, Kendall-street, St.Kilda, and Kalimna, Balnarring, to Adeline Frances, daughter of the late R. Chapple, Ballarat, and niece of Edwin Exon, superintendent Melbourne Orphan Asylum, Brighton.(P.1, Argus, 10-10-1896.)

FLINDERS - a young man named Arthur Bowen son of Mr William Bowen, formerlv a well- known chemist of Collins street Melbourne but now of Kalimna, Balnarring was missed from his home on Saturday and as it was known he was subject to fits, apprehension was felt and a search, in which several neighbours joined, instituted around the adjacent paddocks. Not finding any trace of him the outbuildings were examined and in one of them his bodv was discovered. A magisterial inquiry was held at Shoreham on Mondav and a finding recorded that death was due to suffocation, the result of deceased falling upon his face during a fit. The evidence showed that Bowen was subject to epileptic seizures. (P.6, Argus, 21-4-1903.)

PROPOSED CREAMERY IN THE FLINDERS DISTRICT.
A meeting of the residents of Balnarring, Shoreham, and Flinders was held on Wednesday at Shoreham to discuss the desirability of establishing a butter factory and creameries in the district. Mr W Bowen was voted to the chair. etc. (P.5, Argus, 24-10-1893.)

FLINDERS, FRIDAY.
A meeting of the Flinders, Shoreham, and Bittern Railway League was held at Shoreham this evening. Mr. W. Bowen, J.P, occupied the chair. (P.12, Argus, 26-5-1888.)

I believe that William Bowen had a relative called Harriet. In the assessment of 30-9-1899, alongside assessment number 55,Emmeline Davies' name has been crossed out as the occupier of 62 acres and buildings, 113B, BITTERN and the name of Harriet Bowen had been written.

BOYD Dennis David 1981-
BRADBURY Harold James Llewellyn 1954-7
Cr Bradbury represented Rosebud West and Rye. (P.6, Argus, 13-6-1956.)

BRIGHT Allan Edward 1977-80
Allan Edward Bright was the brother of Les Bright who married Norma Prossor. Les told me that Allan lived in Main Ridge.

BRIGHT Cedric Ernest Llewellyn 1976-
Cedric Bright was unrelated to Allan Bright. Cedric lived in Sorrento. (Source: Les Bright.)

BROWN James Little J.P. 1915-22
(Postscript. Despite being called John in a long succession of assessments, the man after whom Browns Rd was named was JamesLittle Brown.)

ROSEBUD. Mr J. L. Brown, who is opposing Mr Marsden in the West riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, addressed the ratepayers on Tuesday evening. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 29-8-1914.)

At the last meeting of the Shire Council Councillor A.D.Forbes of the East Riding and Councillor J.L.Brown of the West Riding announced their intention of not seeking re election. The president (Councillor Macfarlan) and other councillors expressed regret at the announcements. In the Central Riding Councillor Wettenhall is opposed by Mr Holland of "The Rest" Flinders,and the contest is likely to be very keen.
(P.14, Argus, 17-8-1923, BALNARRING.)


LIME LAND LEISURE discusses at great length how James Little Brown arrived in Rye in 1909 on a pushbike, having previously been in the Mallee. He noted how similar the ti tree and rabbit infested area south of Rye was to King Island and bought much land that had passed into the hands of creditors. Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, gives the same information but adds more detail.

Jim stayed for 18 days with Robert Rowley on the west side of Truemans Rd, south of Trueman's grant.Then he went to Melbourne and bought 1500 acres from banks and trust companies. In very short time, land was cleared, burned, fenced and sown with grass. The wire netting fences kept rabbits out and those trapped inside could not escape the inevitable.Overseen by James Cain and Robert Myers, well were dug and windmills installed to pump water into concrete troughs.

Within 12 months, Jim was selling fattened beef cattle. The rate collector may have made a mistake in 1910, unless Jim had a son called John. John H.Little Brown was assessed on:
245 acres (33AB, 35), 164 acres (29A), 102 acres (28A), 95 acres (26A) all in Wannaeue, and a total of 853 acres in the parish of Nepean (west of Weeroona Rd.)The strange thing is that there was no member of the Brown family assessed in the Wannaeue parish part of West Riding in 1919, with one exception! The location of each piece of Wannaeue land, with the name of the grantee, follows.

35, 173 acres, P.Sullivan, Melway 168 H-J11-12, 251H-J1,adjoining The Dunes.
33A, 148 acres, P.Sullivan, 251 J 2-3, K3.
33B, 40 acres, J.B.Davies, 251, K2.
29, 164.5 acres,J.Spunner, 252 D1-3.
26A, 21.5 acres, W.A.Blair Jnr, bottom third of 252 F-G 1 with a 228 metre frontage to the west side of Truemans Rd and extending to the east boundary of the Eagle Ridge Golf Course. The rate collector had it wrong; Crown allotment 26, granted to Edward Ford, consisted of 95 acres 2 roods and 20 perches and was obviously the land being assessed..
26, 95 acres, E.Ford, 252 G2-3, with frontages of 784 metres to Truemans Rd and 334 metres to Limestone Rd.

Nepean Land.
The rate collector took the easy way out by writing only "853 acres Nepean".

It is stated in LIME LAND LEISURE that the first land that James Little Brown improved was south of Rye Township between Dundas St and Weeroona Rd. Whether this included suburban lots 10,11 and 12 of the township (roughly 200 acres) which became the Ryelands Estate (McDonald's former golf course) is unclear, but a map in the book seems to indicate that it adjoined the cemetery. South of the Golf Pde corner were crown allotments 4, 20 and 21 of the parish of Nepean, a total of 374 acres,212 acres of which became Dod Jennings' Kariah in 1914. (See below for clarification.)

This is blatantly incorrect, as is the claim that it was James Little Brown doing all the reclamation. There is only one mention of James Brown in the rates and that was in 1919, a decade after the reclamation commenced! John L.Brown was written as the ratepayer to be assessed on crown allotments 1, 2, 3 and buildings section 5 (under the heading of RYE, FOLIO 95, ASSESSMENT NUMBER 1882.) John is crossed out and James written above it. I would assume that James is either the father or son of John Little Brown. If John was a rate collector's error, it is hard to imagine it being repeated for ten years. It was! See below.

To confirm the claim that Brown arrived and bought land in 1909, I checked the 1909-10 assessments and found the Wannaeue details as in 1910 but also details of the land in the parish of Nepean; there were no entries for 1908-9. The Nepean details were:
24, granted to J.Purves, 99 acres, Melway 251 E1, fronting Dundas St, adjoining The Dunes.
17, 18, James Purves, 282 acres, Melway 168 B-D11,fronting Browns Rd, adjoining Ocean Reserve.
25, J.Purves, 82 acres, Melway 251E1, fronting Dundas St.
26, J.Purves, 111 acres, Melway 251 F2, fronting Dundas St.
32, John Cain, 176 acres(actually about 27 acres), Melway 167 F5, Miller, Topaz and Bath Sts to Harleian St.(See correction below.)
10, 11, Owen Cain, 103 acres (actually 177 acres), Melway 167, J-K 3-4, south to Fern St playground.

Section 5 of Rye Township is that area bounded by Collingwood St, Napier St, Ballabil St (and the south boundary of Kanasta Caravan Park) and Dundas St. James Brown was occupying the whole of section 5's 13 acres in 1919, after his name had replaced John's, and it may well have been the first area restored by James (Little?) Brown but every other piece of land was turned into beautiful pasture by John Little Brown. Danny Jennings thinks that the Brown homestead on section 5, which is still standing, is 1 May Ave.

I have followed the progress of John Little Brown in 1909, 1914, 1917 and 1919 as he transformed rabbit and ti tree wastelands into this beautiful pasture. By 1914, he only had 202 of the 853 acres on which he had been assessed in the parish of Nepean, part of Owen Cain's Tyrone. He still had it in 1917 but not in 1919.By 1914, he had added land, south of Limestone Rd in the parish of Fingal. This land consisted of crown allotments:
5B, granted to E.Ford, 63 acres, Melway 252 H-J4, bounded by Limestone and Sandy Rds; a maze ing!
8B, granted to J.L.Brown on 1-12-1916, Melway 252 G7, fronting Maxwells Rd from No.131 to about a third of the way between No.180 and No.239. The Fingal land was retained in 1917 but sold by 1919.

By 1916, 28 AB and 29 Wannaeue were occupied by James and John Orr of "Kia Ora", Broadmeadows (Melway 5 H4.) By 1919 the 323 acres were occupied by Tommy Loft who had land at Greenvale, moving shortly afterwards to "Dalkeith" at Tullamarine (Melway 15 G-H 1-2.) Tommy started the Tullamarine Progress Association and was the Methodist Sunday School Superintendent for umpteen years; the late Ray Cairns remembered Tommy fondly.

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE MELBOURNE , Monday. The following were appointed justices of the peace at the meeting of the State Executive Council today: J. L. Brown of Rye, T. Falls, Caulfield. Central Bailiwick; II. S. &�~btnoo etc.(P.4, The Ballarat Courier, 10-10-1916.)

SWAN HILL HOSPITAL MONTHLY MEETING. The monthly meeting of the committee of management of the Swan Hill District Hospital was held on Friday night. Present-Messrs. Chas. t M'Donald (in the chair), ,W? Moore, J.. a Wright, T. M. Ghisholm, P.-Real and F.' arris. Correspondence. From J. L. Brown, Rye, in relation to septic tanks, and stating that tanks at certain hotels and other places at Sorrento were given satisfaction. -Mr. Brown to be thanked for the information supplied. (P.2,Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate, 16-8-1915.)
This seems to indicate that Brown had retained links with the Mallee town. I'm sure the journalist was responsible for the use of given instead of giving.

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE. Mr Brown, Rye, applying for wire netting.-To be attended to.(P.4, Mornington Standard, 11-3-1911.)

Railways Standing Committee at Flinders. The members of the above committee-Messrs Cameron (chair man), Hicks, Melville, Billson, Ward and Hutchinson-visited Flinders on the sth inst, to take evidence on the question of railway extension on the Peninsula. Though the notice was short the residents submitted a splendid exhibition of all varieties. The fodder, root crops, and vegetables were remarkable ; and if anything, superior to those forward at any local show. The general and comprehensive exhibits of Messrs Barger and Buchanan were conclusive proof of the suitability of the district for a wide variety of products of the highest quality. Messrs Higgins, Kennedy and Davies submitted fine samples, and Mr D. Cairns showed one stool of wheat showing 64 stalks. Mr Brown's mellilotis grown on the hitherto useless sand drives at Rye was much admired.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 15-2-1915.)

POSTSCRIPT.
I rang Linda Berndt to check on the ancestry of Cr Graeme Jennings and as an afterthought, asked if she knew anything about John/James Little Brown. She did!
James Brown's father was James L.Brown (c. 1821-Nov.1895)and his mother was Jane (nee McGuffie, c.1825-March 1911.) James was their first child, born in 1866 at Glenlyon, but was virtually an only child because Robert (c.1868-5-9-1869) died in infancy. The Rye pioneer's parents and brother were buried at Glenlyon.

In 1903,James was enrolled as a voter at both Bunyip South and Swan Hill; Jane Brown, possibly his mother, also being enrolled at Swan Hill. In 1909 he was described as a grazier and enrolled at Bunyip South and Bendigo, his address at the latter being Bayne St, as it was for Jane Brown.

James Little Brown married Margaret Annie Short in 1911. She was the sister of Rye identity, Tommy Short, who used to drive all the Rye youngsters to dances at Boneo etc. See pioneers' recollections in RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667. This year also saw the death of James' mother, Jane. His wife's name was recorded as Anne Margaret or Annie Margaret on electoral rolls in 1911 (Rye), 1919 (Rye), 1924 ("Inverleigh", Thomas St, Dandenong),
1931, 1936, 1937 (5 Trentham St, Sandringham, 1936, 1937, and 1942 (88 Bay Rd, Sandringham.) In 1954, James was still living at 88 Bay Rd but Margaret's name was not on the electoral roll.


Thank you Linda!

Further rate research revealed the following.
J.L.Brown must have told the rate collector in 1911 that his name was actually JAMES because John was crossed out and James written very faintly above it (Assessment No.823.) Too faintly it seems because when he was preparing the next assessment, he must have missed the alteration and perpetuated the "John" myth. It seems that James was sick of this nonsense by 1919 when John was again crossed out and replaced with James. You'd think the rate collector would know the councillors' names, wouldn't you?

The 1911-12 rates also demonstrated the new occupants of the many properties that Jim Brown had remediated. My notemaking is unclear about William Dawson but he seemed to have had part of 35 Wannaeue. George Ball had 245 acres(33a,b and 35 Wannaeue), and 176 acres(32 Wannaeue-see below.) Jim Woonton had 164 acres (29), 102 acres (28A), and 95 acres (26A), all in Wannaeue. In 1912-13, George Ball had 245 acres, Andrew Leonard Ball* 214 acres, and Andrew, George and Hector Ball 261 acres.

Crown allotment 32 Wannaeue was not mentioned previously because the rate collector called it 32 Nepean in 1909 (assessment number 714.) This land consisted of 176 acres as the rate collector stated; he just had the parish wrong!Granted to J.A.Jenner in 1877, it fronts the east side of Springs Lane and the north side of Limestone Rd, its northern boundary adjoining The Cups Vineyard and Winery and its east boundary indicated by the west end of Kingston Heath. (Melway 252 B 1-3.)

When James Little Brown first arrived in Rye, he stayed with Robert Rowley for a while. The connection between the Doigs and Rowleys took place in the Mallee, and also the Shaws and Rowleys but I had assumed that was post world war 1. James obviously knew Robert before he arrived. It is possible that the family of J.L.Brown had previously lived on the Peninsula. James was obviously as keen to hear Robert Rowley's stories as Robert was to tell them. Thank you to Steve Johnson for another gem.

9th September 1924
"NO GOOD DAMPER INN."
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,-In the interesting article, "The Gippsland Mystery," on Saturday, by Ernest McCaughan, it is stated that a party of five whites and ten blacks were sent out under the leaderhip of De Villiers, an ex police officer who kept the extraordinary named No Good Damper Inn. Apropos of this, a story was related to me by the late Robert Rowley, then of Rye (a very old colonist who had known Buckley, the wild white man). The story, which may be of interest, is that about the year 1840 lime was being burnt about Sorrento and Rye. A layer of sheoak logs was laid on the ground, then a layer of limestone. Another layer of logs, then again stone, and so on, until there was a considerable stack. Fire was next applied. By this rough and ready, though wasteful, system, lime used in the building of early Melbourne was then burned. The lime was then "slacked", afterwards sieved through a fine sieve, and forwarded to Melbourne by ketch. One of these old windjammers had the misfortune to go aground near the site of Frankston. The lime was taken off undamaged, stacked, and care- fully covered a little way from the shore. A number of blacks were in the vicinity.

They had had some little experience of the white fellow's flour. When they found the lime, sieved and done up in small bags under a tarpaulin, they were sure they had got the genuine article in plenty. So they mustered in force, took away all they possibly could, and, fearing pursuit, did not stop running till they put about 12 miles between them and the stack of lime. The blacks then mixed their flour with water upon their 'possum rugs and put the dough in the ashes to bake, the result being spoiled rugs and bad damper. In the words of Mr. Rowley, "they called that place Dandenong," which means "no good damper.
-Yours, &c., J. L. BROWN, Sandringham, Sept. 8.





BROWN William Jnr. 1889-91
Flinders and Kangerong Shire- In this shire there is a contest in one riding only, viz., the Central ; Mr Tas. Wilding nominating in opposition to the retiring member Cr Brown.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-8-1892.)

SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. The only contest was in the Centre Riding, where Joseph Wilding defeated the retiring Cr W. Brown by 21 votes. This result was almost anticipated, as a good many ratepayers desired a change. In the East Riding as usual, that popular representative Robert Stanlry had a walk over, and the same be said of Cr John Cain who was again re turned unopposed, a well-deserved recognition of an able councillor. this occasion George McLear has been re-elected auditor without opposition. A good man in the right place.
((P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-9-1892.)

William Brown Snr was one of the ratepayers in the Flinders Road Board's first assessment of 1869, He had a house and 160 acres of land in the parish of Flinders. By 13-6-1874, he was also paying rates to the road board on 169 acres in the parish of Balnarring that he was leasing from Duff. This was probably just west of Balnarring Rd which separated Balnarring from Bittern, but as no crown allotment of this size can be found and Duff does not seem to have been a grantee, its location cannot be specified. It was possibly on Joseph Hann's land, granted in 1861, south of Warrawee. (Melway 193 C6.)

William Brown might have been related to Jonas Brown who was also an original ratepayer of the Flinders Road Board. He had a house and 594 acres of land in the parish of Bittern. Actually consisting of 595 acres 1 rood and 27 perches and being crown allotments 140, 141 and 145 of the parish of Bittern, this land was granted to him on 8-11-1873. It was between Sandy Point Rd and Westernport, with crown allotment 140 between Kennedy Rd and South Beach Rd, 141 and 145 extending east to the boundary of H.M.A.S Cerberus. (Melway 194 E9 to J 11.)

Mr W. Brown is staying at Mr Cavanagh's "Warrawee," Balnarring.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)

Mr W. Brown, of Shoreham, has sold to Mr McLeod, of Balnarring, a house and 75 acres of land. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-3-1905.)

It seems likely that Mrs Janet Brown (below) was the wife of Joshua Brown, that the wife of William Brown Snr had died young and that Janet had brought up the future councillor and his sister.

Death of an Old Colonist. With the death of the late Mrs Janet Brown, which took place at Shoreham on Wednesday, the 14th inst., of heart failure and paralysis, after a short illness, an old identity of the district, and a colonist of 50 years, is removed from our midst. The deceased lady, who was the widow of the late Captain Brown, of Shoreham, who died in 1890, was born in Dundee, Scotland, 79 years ago. She arrived in this country by the ship "Emigrant" in 1853, having as one of her fellow passengers Mr M'Coll, M.P., who was then a child. It will be of interest to many to learn that Mrs Brown was for some time the only white woman in Queencliff, and the first to reside there. Her husband at that time held a position in the lifeboat service, in which the piloting work of Port Phillip Bay was then included. Being in touch, owing to her husband's connection with pilot work, with the news of both incoming and outgoing vessels, when the tedium of a long voyage, with such fare as salt junk and hard sea biscuit, and experiences of lying becalmed for weeks, in addition to getting driven miles out the course by gales in the broad Atlantic, also the possibility of a mutiny of the crew and other startling contingencies was the order of the day, instead of the few weeks' trip and good cuisine of the modern steam liner, Mrs Brown had a stock of very interesting ancedotes. Many victims of shipwreck on the treacherous coast in the vicinity of the Heads have had reason to remember her kind ministrations, resulting in no few instances in the preservation of life. Of the persons quartered at Qurenscliff in those days, Captain M'Intyre, of Melbourne, and Mr M'Donald, retired lighthouse keeper, who was afterwards for some time stationed at Cape Schanck, are now the only survivors. About 36 years ago the deceased lady removed to Shoreham with her husband, who had a purchased property there. She leaves no children. but Mr Wm. Brown, a nephew. and Miss Brown, a niece, have been living with her from infancy. The remains were interred in the Flinders Cemetery on Friday, the 16th inst. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 24-10-1903.)

SHOREHAM (near FLINDERS). CLEARING SALE. THURSDAY, MARCH 28. ROBERT GUNN & CO. THROUGH their W. N. Wauchope, have received instructions from Mr W. BROWN, Shoreham, owing to his having sold his property, to SELL on the above date at 12.30 The Whole of his CATTLE, SHEEP, HORSES, IMPLEMENTS, HOUSE HOLD FURNITURE, and LAND. WITHOUT RESERVE. Fall particulars next issue.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 11-3-1905.)

It seems that William Brown Junior or his son spent some of his time being what was referred to until quite recently as a WHITE MAGGOT. A report of a football game between Hastings and Shoreham concludes:
Mr. Brown was very satisfactory as central umpire. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 15-8-1895.)

The same chap, whether the councillor or his son had to contend with hoodlums! The writer had trouble spelling Cleine at first. The players are a good representation of pioneering families of Red Hill and eastwards.

HOODLUMS V. SHOREHAM. A second club has been formed at Balnarring. It has been called the Hoodlums. This match was played on the Balnarring ground. Brown captained the visitors, and Vann the locals. Brown won the toss, and elected to bat. Shoreham won by 24 runs. The scores are as follows : SHOREHAM. Forty, b J. Davis, jun. ... S J. Byrne, b Stanley ... 4 J. Clyne, b J. Davis, jun. ... . S W. Brown, not out . 19 IM. Byrne, stp Johnstone, b Stanley ... .. 0 R. Nolan, b Stanley ... o Joe Clyne, b J. Davis jun. ... 0 D. Nolan, b Davis, jun. . T. Clyne, stp Johnston, b Stanley .. M. Byrne, b J. Davis, sen. ... 0 G. Byrne, b J. Davis, sen. ... 1 Sundries ... .. 4 Total ... ...4 Second Innings. P. Nolan, b J. Davis, jun. 0 M. Byrne. b J. Davis. jun. ... o Forty, b Buckley ... ... 1 J. Clyne, run out ... 9 J. Byrne, b Buckloy 5 W. Brown, b Oswin 0 Mick Byrne, b Stanley, .. 10 Joe Clyne, c, b Stanley 5 D. Nolan, b J. Davis, jun. 3 T, Clyne, not out 0 G. Byrne, b Davis, jun. ... 0 Sundries .. ... 1 Total ... *.. 4. Bowling Analysis. - First Innings : J. Davis, Jun., four for 9 : R. Stanley, four for 28: J. Davis, sen., two for 1. Second innings: J. Davis, jun., four for 9 ; R. Stanley. two for 7: Buckley, two for 7 ; E. Oswin, one for 6.. HOODLUMS. First Innings. R.Stanley' b Nolan. 4 J:Davis; jun, c Cliene, b Forty 1 Johnson, c Brown, b Forty ... 0 E.-Oswin, c Byrne, b Nolan ... 7 P. Vann, b P. Nolan ... 2 Jack Davis, c G. Byrne, b Forty 2 M. Buckley, c Forty, b P. Nolan . ... ... 2 J. Buckley, b Forty... ..3 J. Davis, sen., c and b Forty... 0 J. Meehan b Nolan... ... 0 W. Mairs not out ... ... 0 Sundries ... ... 1 Total .. ... 22 Second Innings. Johnston, c Byrne. b Forty 0 Davis, sen., run out... ... 1 Davis, jun.,c Cleine, b Forty 16 Stanley, c Cliene, b Forty ... 1 Oswin, c Byrne, b Forty ... 4 Vann,-b Forty ... 9 P. Buckley, run out ... 2 Jack Davis, b Forty ... 9 M. Buckley, run out ... 9 Mairs, c Forty, b Nolan ... 0 Sundries ... ... 2 Total ... ... 4t Bowling Analysis. - First Innings : Nolan, five for 6; Forty, five for 15. Second Innings: ,Nolan, one for 21; Forty, six for 18. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-2-1895.)

In this event, the Shoreham residents were portrayed as HOODLUMS! It was common for meetings of railway leagues to get nowhere because agreement on a route that suited everyone was impossible. See the Flinders objection to OBJECTOR on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 12-7-1890. I apologise for not correcting all the text.

TO THE EDITOR SIR.-Certain of the good people of Flinders and Shoreham are ever of an enthusiastic and demonstrative disposition so much so, that many years ago they obtained for themselves the unenviable character of being barbarians. That this characteristic, had died out, as civilation and the attendant elements of refining influence has blended with them, was a " consutnm:ttion devoutly to be wished," but, so far as the incursion of a hand ulitd on the ever peaceful neighborhood of Red Hill on the second instant shows : the most sanguine hoper must admit, that as the d--1 having entered the herd of swine, "there remains," as the Qu.tker sitld, " still some taint in.the Iacon.". 'The occlssaion was ; meeting held at R',d Hill. wheat sonie gentlemen, members of the Central Rttil way League met to transtot some il'ttle business relating to the affairs of the League, and to express thi ir satisf trtion at the proposals of the Government re railway extension to these parts ; when. a large number of Flinders a:ail Shorehami residents put in an unexpe:ted app�narance; for what purpose-other than to upnst the meeting-I am at a loss to com?prelhed, this was done, however, atnd most e!Ye:t nally. A stormy and desultory scene followed, nothing relevant to the purpose of the meeting could be transacted. Finally the local residents withdrew and the meeting broke up. The visitors then betook themselves to the road where several speakers prominent amongst whom were Messrs Callanan, Brown and Darley, delivered orations from the top of a stump, to the evident delight of their companions who cheered their efforts lustily. Their wind bags being emptied, with long and continued cheering for themselves, and groans of horrible intensity for the Hill, they dispersed, leaving the locality to enjoy its wonted quiet. It is hoped that in the interest of peace, no more such disgraceful scenes will occur, and that our friends of Flinders and Shoreham, will become wiser; from a retrospect of Wednesday night's outing. By giving publicity to the foregoing through the columns of your widely circulating journal you will oblige. I am etc., OBJECTOR. Red Hill, July 3rd, 1890.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-7-1890.)

The 84 acres known as Brown's Farm, at Shoreham, sold by Messrs Rupert Nicolson and Co. on Wednesday. It brought �590, Dr Roderik Sutherland, of Collins-street, being the purchaser. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 22-2-1902.)

SUTHERLAND'S. The farm known as "Seaview," recently part of the estate of the late J.T. T. Smith, has now been purchased by Mr Sutherland. 'The property contains about 80 acres and, like most of the Shoreham land, is an ideal dairying block, for which purpose Mr Sutherland intends to utilise it, and has a good strip of land under cultivation to provide green feed for his cattle. The homestead, which was built by the late Captain Brown, is in a good position, and the Shoreham creamery adjoins the property. (AROUND FLINDERS. P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1902.)


BROWN William Henry M.D.1922-5
Dr. Brown, of Flinders, has consented to oppose Cr. G. Patterson at the municipal elections for the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. (P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 11-8-1922.)
As Godfrey Patterson's tenure is given as 1911-21 (it should be 22), I presume the doctor won.

THE MOTOR AMBULANCE SERVICE. The Editor, "The Standard." . (J.Jack, the organiser wrote about the pleasing response at Rosebud and general progress, such as the meeting mentioned here.) Cr. D. Buckley and Cr. Brown, of Rye, were nominated to represent the Flinders Shire on the deputation to the treasurer. (P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard. 20-10-1922.) I presume the journalist was not aware that a different Cr Brown was now on council!


BUCHANAN John Keith J.P. 1964-76
Andrew Buchanan was born in 1863 in Berwick and played a minor, later, role to the McNabs of "Oakbank" at Tullamarine in the development of the Tasmanian Ayrshire herd. (Website cited in my McNab journal.) His property near Flinders is discussed at length in LIME LAND LEISURE but at one time he had land near Rosebud too*. Cr John Keith Buchanan would have been a descendant of one of his sons, Robert or Keith.(LLL101)

* In 1910-11, Andrew Buchanan was assessed on 146 acres near Barker's pre-emptive right (between Browns Rd and Limestone Rd east of Boneo Rd, and three of James Purves' grants in the parish of Wannaeue: crown allotment 4 of section A (Melway 169 J-K 8-9) of 198 acres, and 5 and 6 of A (Melway 170 C-D 8-9 between Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rd) of 316 acres. I believe the 514 acre block was the pre-emptive right of the Wooloowooloomooloo Run where Owen Cain's four year old daughter was taken in the early 1840's, near death after four days and nights lost in the bush, to be nursed back to health by George Smith's wife. (LLL101)

THE BUCKLEY FAMILY. Much information comes from Bruce Bennett's article of this name in BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES VOLUME 2 and will be labelled BB&M in entries for each councillor. Mornington Standard articles mentioned by Bruce will be pasted directly.

BUCKLEY David J.P. 1904-27, 1929-47
David Buckley was a son of John and Catherine Agnes Buckley. (See Catherine's obituary below.)

See WISEMAN'S DEVIATION AND WHITE'S HILL ROAD in my journal HISTORY NOTES (2) MORNINGTON PENINSULA for Cr Dave Buckley's contribution to solving the problem.

David Buckley was born in 1867 at Schnapper Point. In 1898 he held 20 acres in lots 18 to 37 at Warrawee (obviously subdivided into 2 acre lots) and 20 acres in (crown) lots 117a and 117b Bittern. On 20-8-1904 it was reported that Mr D.Buckley was opposing the retiring councillor, Mr Callanan. David was elected because some of the signatories to his opponent's nomination hadn't paid their rates.Dave was a councillor for 39 years, 1904-27 and 1929-45. An Estate and Insurance Agent, David died a bachelor on 15-12-1957 aged 90. BB&M.

Old Residents of Peninsula as Shire Presidents All the Shire Presidents for the various Shires on the Penin sula for the ensuing year have been elected, and in every instance the position has been filled by men of integrity with wide experience in municipal matters and a sound knowledge of the Peninsula requirements. The appointment of Cr William Longmuir as President of Frankston and Hastings has already been reported in these columns. Mornington has chosen Cr J. G. Barrett as its President. No man should "know the ropes" better than he, for during his 20 years councillorship he has been president five or six times. In the Flinders shire, Cr Buckley, of Balnarring, succeeds Cr Wettenhall as president, a position, he is not new to. Another old identity in Cr William Brunt is Cranbourne's new president.(P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 23-9-1921.)

ALLEGED DETENTION OF A COW. Mrs Mirabella, of Hastings. charged William Hurley, with illegal detention of a cow, which, it was alleged, belonged to plaintiff. The case was part heard on last court day. Mr Morgan was for the prosecution and Mr Cook for the defence. Mr Cook reviewed the evidence given for the prosecution and then called the defendant, William Hurley, who said he was a farmer and had resided at Balnarring for 37 years. The cow in question was his. He knew it by the peculiar ear-mark. No other cattle in the Peninsula were marked in the same fashion. Mr Morgan questioned defendant as to certain conflicting statements he had made to Constable Watt with respect to branding. Mr Hurley: I wasn't going to give Constable Watt any information. Mr Morgan: Then you told him lies! MrHurley: Well. I suppose I did. Mr Morgan: If you were an honest man------ Mr Hurley: I defy you to say I am not an honest man. there! Mr Morgan: That will do! Samuel Sherlock, veterinary surgeon; William H. Sweetapple, of Balnarring; Wm. H. Hurley. junr., of Sorrento; Joseph Hutchinson, of Tyabb; Henry Unthank; and David Buckley gave evidence in favour of defendant's claim. Thos. Buckley, who formerly resided at Balnarring and is now employed in the Railway Department, also gave evidence. Mr Morgan (to Buckley): What is your father? Buckley: A dairy farmer. Mr Morgan: Oh! I see! He milks cattle and you help to milk the State ! (Laughter.) Mr Morgan then proceeded to put a somewhat confusing question or two to witness, and, the latter confessing that he 'failed to understand," Mr Morgan angrily retorted "You are the sort who are put into railway billets- stupid asses!" Mr Smallman: I don't think you should say that, Mr Morgan. The Bench said they were of opinion that tho cow belonged to Hurley. They would therefore dismiss the case, and award Hurley 5 5s costs. (P.4, Mornington Standard, 29-11-1902.)

Justices of the peace have been appointed by the State Executive Council as follow:- Central Bailiwick: Messrs. D. Buckley (Balnarring) and Y. Lee (Prahran); etc. (P.6, Argus, 14-10-1920.)

FLINDERS COUNCILLORS It is understood the "father" of the Flinders Shire Council, Cr. Dave Buckley, of Balnarring, will not seek re-election for the East Riding at the August election. Cr. Buckley has served the Council well for well over thirty years. (P.7, Standard, Frankston, 19-6-1947.)

BUCKLEY J. 1928-9 I have not yet found anything on trove to explain this entry. John Buckley senior died on 14-1920 so it wasn't him. John Buckley junior left the district in 1909 , taking up land in Gippsland but returned to live with his brother Dave on the old family farm. (BB&M.) It is reasonable to assume that the return was due to his father's death and the inheritance of some land. It seems that Dave retired from Council and John seemlessly slotted into his seat. David may have thought he'd done enough or perhaps he was so busy with subdivisions that he couldn't devote the usual amount of time to council business.


BUCKLEY John 1876-81
Unlike many other places to my knowledge, Balnarring does not forget those who paved the way in the early days. In its public hall, it has some of their photos, including one of the Hon. Alfred Downward, M.L.A. who for the past 25 years has represented the Mornington Peninsula in the State Legislature. The photo of Mr. Peter Nowlan, who, from 1868 to 1897, as Shire Secretary of the Flinders Shire Council, is there ; likewise those of Messrs John Davies, Robert Stanley, and David Mairs; three old pioneers, who took an active part in municipal life for more than 20 years. Men like Messrs William Davies, Robert Johnson, George Cole, John Campbell Downward, William Hurley, John Buckley , John Oswin, Paul Van Suylen, Edward Downward, Edward Stanley, and Captain Bryant Tonkin are all honored in the same style. Some have crossed the Great Divide, some are here yet, but Balnarring pays tribute in the truly thankful spirit. (P.1, Mornington Standard, 9-7-1920.)

OBITUARY NONEGENARIAN PASSES. Mrs. Catherine Agnes Buckley died at her residence at Balnarring on Oc tober 11, aged 92 years. She was an Australian native, having been born at Pakenham. She was one of the pioneers of the Balnarring district, where she settled with her husband, the late Mr. John Buckley, 70 years ago. In spite of her great age, Mrs. Buckley's memory was remarkably retentive and she could relate happenings of many, years ago quite clearly. She had a family of 11 children-six sons and five daughters. One son and one daughter predeceased her. One of her sons is Cr. David Buckley, a member of the Flinders Shire Council. Another son, Mr Thomas Buckley, is a stationmaster and is now stationed at Camperdown. The funeral took place in the Crib Point Cemetery on October 13. There was a large gathering of mourners at the grave, many old friends travel- ling long distances to be present. Many beautiful wreaths were placed on the coffin. Requiem Mass was celebrated at the Balnarring R.C. Church by the Rev. Fr. Fitzpatrick, who also read the burial service.The casket was carried by her five sons and a grandson. The pallbearers were Cr. Myers, Messrs. W. Garry, R. Johnson, J. Meehan, P. Nowlan, B. Neville, Cr. Van Suylen and F. West.
(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 22-10-1937.)

BUCKLEY -On the 20th October, 1932, at private hospital Melbourne, Edward Parnell, dearly beloved youngest son of the late John and Mrs Catherine Buckley of Balnarring, loving brother of David, Elizabeth (Mrs. Callaghan, deceased), Nellie (Mrs Devitt) Mary (Mrs Nowlan), Michael Patrick, John, Thomas, Catherine (Mrs King), Annie(Mrs Burns). (P.1, Argus, 21-10-1932.)Bryant Tonkin, another shire councillor, died on the same day as Edward.

BUCKLEY. On the 14th January, at Coonarra private hospital, St Kilda road, John, dearly beloved husband of Catherine, "Erinslia," Balnarring, and loved father of Dave, Mrs. Callaghan (Collingwood), Mrs. Devitt (Ararat), Mrs. Nowlan (Archie's Creek), Michael (Inverloch), Patrick (Dalyston, late A.I.F.), John (Dalyston), Tom (Victorian railways), Mrs. King (Wodonga), Ted, and Annie, aged 82 years. (P.1, Argus, 15-1-1920.)

BUCKLEY LAND. Balnarring Rd was originally called Buckleys Rd. (THE GOLDEN PLAIN TUBBARUBBAREL, Mary Karney.)
It is the boundary between Bittern parish on the east side and Balnarring parish to the west.These are the Buckley grants in each parish.
BITTERN.
108b, 32 acres 3 roods and 25 perches, granted 13-2-1880, north west corner of Balnarring/Bittern-Dromana Rds.
106A, 93.1.8, granted 5-10-1874, east of 108B.
105 B1, 30.3.11, illegible date, north of 106A for another 185 metres.
106B1, 40 acres, 13-2-1894, east of 106A, surrounded by P.Meehan's 106B2, a battleaxe block fronting Stumpy Gully Rd. John's land had frontages of 325 metres to Balnarring Rd (originally 410 metres) and 1233 metres to Bittern-Dromana Rd (originally 1313 metres), with Meehan's block fronting 400 metres to the corner.
Melway references are 162 K11 (108B), 163 A-B 10-11 (106 A, 105B1), Left half 163,C 11 and part 10 (106B1.)

117A, 79.3.17, granted 2-8-1887, south east corner of Bittern-Dromana/Stumpy Gully Rds.
117B, 79.3.17, granted 3-2-1882, south of 117A for another 400 metres.
This land had frontages of 798 metres to Bittern-Dromana Rd and 800 metres to Stumpy Gully Rd. Melway references 163 E-F 12 and 193 E-F1 exactly. John's neighbour to the south was Bryant Tonkin (who died the same day as John's youngest son) and John Davies lived to the east.
BALNARRING.
18A, 54.3.6, granted to P.Buckley:no date,frontage of 261 metres to the west side of Balnarring Rd, commencing 230 metres north west of the Warrawee Rd corner. The property ran west to Merricks Creek and 128 Balnarring Rd would be close to the middle of the road frontage. (Top third of Melway 192 J2 to 193 B2.)

John Buckley was a native of Tipperary, Ireland born in 1838. He came to Victoria in 1857, aged 19, spent six months seeking gold at Fryers Creek, another six running a boarding house in Melbourne, worked on the railways at Williamstown and spent time in the lime industry near the Heads before settling at Balnarring in 1861.

He selected approximately 300 acres in Bittern Parish and 54 in Balnarring Parish.By 1890, he "owned 610 acres of land, on which he conducts grazing, farming and breeding." In 1898, he owned 116 acres in Bittern, lot 94 which was farmed by Mentiplay and two lots of 68 and 450 acres in Balnarring (*see below) , which he occupied himself. (BB&M, Bruce Bennett.)

* I found it strange that John Buckley, who obtained all his grants in the parish of Bittern, would have the bulk of his land in the parish of Balnarring. A check revealed that this error was due to the rate collector, not Bruce Bennett. However Bruce was responsible for an error regarding crown allotment 94 Bittern.

In regard to the latter, crown allotment 94 of 128 acres 1 rood and 19 perches,was granted to T.Mentiplay on 20-9-1887. The ratebook has Mentiplay's name in the OWNER'S column; John Buckley was leasing it from Mentiplay, not the other way around. Crown allotment 94 is bounded by South Beach Rd, Woolleys Rd , a line joining the ends of Davies St and Morton Cres, and Trafalgar St. (Melway 164 F 8-9 roughly.) It is possible that this was what was referred to in rate records as Mentiplay's Estate. Street names in Bittern provide a glimpse of the area's history. Davies, Buckley and Oswin are the most well-known pioneering names but Hamilton, Symonds and Morton were pioneers too.Thomas Hamilton was granted 528 acres on the west side of Merricks beach Rd in 1861, James Symonds had 525 acres (including 167 acres leased)in the parish of Flinders by 1869 and William Morton had built a house on his 70 acres in the parish of Bittern.

In regard to the area of Mentiplay's grant, the surveyor was almost right. The area was actually 128.352112 acres which equates to 128 acres 1 rood and 16 perches. I presume the reduction (to 116 acres) was due to the Crib Point railway which runs through the grant for approximately 3900 links (780 metres.) I presume the railway reservation would be 100 links (20 metres) wide so only 3.9 acres should have been taken off, making it about 125 acres, not 116.

The rate collector's error, describing John Buckley's 450 acres as being in the parish of Balnarring, was repeated in 1899. Bruce Bennett made a mistake in regard to David Buckley's land in 117a and 117B Bittern. Each was just a shade under 80 acres so David had all of these allotments, nearly 160 acres, not 16.

In 1918, which I chose because I expected properties to be properly described, John Buckley was assessed on 315 acres and buildings, crown allotments 105B1, 106A, 106B, 106B2 and 108B. These were his grants north of Dromana-Bittern Rd with the addition of P. Meehan's grant, 106B of 100 acres, so he had a Stumpy Gully Rd frontage.

MORNINGTON STANDARD 6-9-1902, P2. ABOUT BALNARRING.
In order to pinpoint the property that John Buckley was occupying when the journalist did his tour in the area, I will specify the properties mentioned.
A.E.BENNETT. Kent Orchard and Seven Oaks, 79B and 79A Balnarring, Melway 191 J1 and 161 J12.
R.MORRIS. Pembroke, 14B Balnarring, Melway 162A 10-11 east to Tubbarubba Rd. Robert Morris, a son-in-law of Edward Jones of Spring Farm in Moorooduc, was from Pembroke in Wales.
FARRELL BROS. Farrell Bros. had purchased this 800 acre property on the Bittern road from Mr Campbell M.L.A. John Campbell Downward had been granted 22 Balnarring of 312 acres at the north east corner of Merricks and Stanleys Rds in 1873 but for the property to total 800 acres, John must have bought land granted to John Joliffe (160 ac.), J.Reidy (160 ac.) and J.Rogers (296 ac.), giving a total of 948 acres so he must only have bought Rogers' 20 Balnarring of 148 acres and not 19AB of 148 acres. John Campbell Downward left Balnarring in 1904 to move to Box Hill where John died in 1908 (BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES p.20.)
Melway reference 162 C-G 12 to 192C-G 1 and (Downward's grant) 192 part C-E 2-4.
BUCKLEY'S. No indication is given by the writer that he has turned into Balnarring Road. For Hurley's homestead to be half a mile from Buckley's the latter's homestead must have been about opposite 146 Balnarring Rd.
HURLEY'S.About half a mile distant from Mr Buckley's, situated at the top of a hill is Mr Hurley's homestead.
The homestead was at Melway 163 A 12. This comes from the HURLEY entry.
THE HURLEY GRANTS.
107B, Bittern, 79.3.3, granted 12-4-1875, Melway 162 K8, same south boundary as Buckley Reserve.
109A, Bittern, 83.3.8, granted 29-5-1875, Melway 163 A-B 12, east of Balnarring Rd.
110A, Bittern, 19.1.21, granted 6-4-1880, south of 109A for another 200 metres along Balnarring Rd.
This gives a total of roughly 180 acres, which means that 140 acres were purchased from other grantees.
I rang the Hurley Vineyard (101 Balnarring Rd and on 109A Bittern) to ask if the homestead remained there. Tricia, who is not a Hurley descendant, told me that it does and is heritage listed. She has much information about the Hurleys provided by family members but an appointment would be needed to see it.




AND NOW FOR THE DESCRIPTION OF JOHN BUCKLEY'S PROPERTY.
BUCKLEY'S. Mr Buckley, who is one of the oldest residents of the district, has for many years carried on dairying on a large scale, his farm comprising about 700 acres of good grass country, most of which has greatly improved since the commencement of Mr Buckley's tenure, the homestead block being worthy of particular notice as evidence of the thoroughly up-to-date and progressive methods of management adopted. The fallen timber is cleared up, the scrub eradicated, and subdivisional paddocks sown with English grasses. An examination of the numerous, substantial and, conveniently planned farm buildings, especially those in connection with the dairy, reveal the exercise of considerable thought in combining economy with efficiency, and a comprehensive knowledge of dairy farming. Until recently Mr Buckley milked on an average about 50 first-class cows, which necessitated a good deal of cultivation for fodder. The different kinds of forage crops favoured are barley, oats and maize for green feed, and Algerian oats for hay, which are supplemented by that most profitable of all foods for dairy cows, viz, bran. Pigs and potatoes also occupy some of Mr Buckley's time and attention, and he has been very successful in both these branches of agriculture. Like all successful farmers he evidently recognises that dairying, pigs and potatoes are the natural adjuncts of each other, the pigs turning into profit the unmarketable potatoes and surplus skim milk. S"'About hajf a mite distant from Mr , Buckley's, situated on the top of a hill, to is Mr Hurley's homestead.

"Mr Buckley gave the corner block for the Catholic Church and built St John's at the corner of Bittern/Dromana and Balnarring Roads, where a bit of Hawthorn hedge still stands (1996), a reminder of this fine Irishman.(BB&M Page 53.) This block, 108C Bittern of 1 acre 2 roods, was gazetted in 1869. It had frontages of 85 metres to Balnarring Rd and 50 metres to Dromana-Bittern Rd. John Buckley's second daughter, Elizabeth seems to have been married in this church; no year was given but since she was born in 1868, it was probably about 1890. (BB&M.)

As well as serving as a councillor for nine years, he served for many years on the Board of Advice (responsible for all schools in the shire)and was president of the Balnarring and Hastings Racing Club in 1892.


CAIN John J.P.1875-1909.
It is rumored that the return of Crs Cain and Chapman, will be opposed in the West and Centre Ridings of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, by Messrs Terry and Spark.(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 9-7-1910.)

COUNCIL MEETING REPORT IN SECTION HEADED "ELECTION OF PRESIDENT."
EX-CRS. CAIN AND CHAPMAN. Cr Stanley moved that a hearty vote of thanks be sent to ex-Cr Cain for his many (42) years of services to the rate payers. It was highly complimentary to Cr Terry to replace Cr Cain.- Cr Davies seconded, remarking that dur ing his (the speaker's) term of office as a councillor, now' 16 years, he had many opportunities of judging the ability of ex-Cr Cain. He was an in fluential man and of great weight on deputations He regretted the defeat of Cr Cain, whom he would have liked to see back again among them. On motion of Cr Buckley, a similar vote was passed to ex Cr Chapman. The President regretted the absence of Mr Chapman, who was a straight goer. They had lost a good man in him. Both motions were carried.
(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 3-9-1910.)

John was the correspondent for the early Board of Advice which led Colin McLear to think that he was a resident of Dromana when he acted on behalf of the Dromana school. The Board acted on behalf of all schools in the district. See PRESIDENT JOHN CAIN above.

John was the second son of Owen Cain who established Tyrone between White Cliff and Canterbury Jetty Rd. Born at sea in 1843, not long before Owen settled, and his older sister became lost in the bush, John married Julia, a daughter of James Sandle Ford. They had no sons so one would imagine his "boys" would have been brought up tough. Perhaps that was why so many remained spinsters; how could a man marry a girl who was likely to show him up? Their daughters Mabel, Hilda and Julia managed the Portsea Hotel for some time. (LLL103)

Rosebud's oldest existing structure, a limestone house just south of Bunnings in Boneo Rd, is a reminder of how John Cain's property was spread over most of the Port Phillip Bay area of the Shire of Flinders, from the Portsea Hotel to Main Creek Rd. In 1895 he received the grant for crown allotment 21A Wannaeue of 130 acres (Melway 171 K 8-9 to 190 C 8-9.) In 1900 he was also assessed on crown allotment 4,of 198 acres, where the limestone house sits near its south east corner, Hiscock Rd dottedly showing its northern boundary. By 1919, John had the former Purves land, as described under BUCHANAN, as well as crown allotment 12 ((High School at north east corner and Eastbourne Primary School at the south west corner.)

The late Ray Cairns, whose father (Hill Harry of Fingal) married Michael Cain's daughter, told me that the limestone house near Bunnings was mainly occupied by John Cain's daughters.


CALDWELL John. 1875-6 Several grantees in the parish of Kangerong bore the same surname and Caldwell Rd in Dromana recalls this. J.Caldwell was the grantee of 34A (on 11-2-1876) and 35A Balnarring, which fronted the east side of Merricks Rd between Stanleys Rd and Mornington-Flinders Rd (Melway 192 F 6-8 roughly.) As all the Kangerong Caldwells had left, this was probably John, making him an east riding councillor.

CALLANAN Edmond James 1895-1903
FLINDERS & KANGERONG COUNCIL. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24TH, 1898. Present : Crs Farnsworth, Clark, Hurley, Davies. Griffith, and Baldry. Crs Callanan, Cain. and Nowlan, the newly elected members, were present and signed their obligation. ELECTION OF PRESIDENT. Moved by Cr Cain, seconded by Cr Farnsworth, that Cr Callanan be re elected president-Carried unanimously. Cr Callanan, on rising, said : "I thank you heartily for the honor you have done me, and the evidence of your confidence shown by my re-election as your president. I will not detain you tolday, as we have a heavy business paper, further than to say that I will continue the policy that has evidently earned your approval. I trust that at the end of our current year we may be able to look back with the satisfaction that must attend zealous and harmonious work. I thank you sincerely for past courtesies, and trust that the same good feeling may continue to our material satisfaction and the advantage of the shire." (P.3, Mornington Standard,29-9-1898.)

BUT WAIT; THERE'S MORE!
ELECTION OF PRESIDENT. Moved by Cr Hurley, seconded by Cr Davies, that the President's allow ance be fixed at 5. Carried. Moved by Cr Farnsworth, seconded by Cr Griffith, that Cr Callinan be re elected President.- The motion was carried unanimously. Cr Callanan thanked the members for the honor conferred upon him in electing him for the third year in succession. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 5-10-1899.)

In NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE, Mary Carney revealed that Edmund's wife's name was Mary and that their children were Cooee (the eldest daughter), Ted, Cyril, Jack, Jim, Kath, Vincent, Ruby and Agnes who was born in 1889.

BALNARRING. From Our Own Correspondent. Contrary to his own expectations Cr Callanan has been returned unopposed. This is a most unusual honor for a candidate to receive in this district, and is a high proof of the esteem in which he is held. Many people will be pleased to hear that Mrs Callanan. who has lately un- dergone a severe operation, is now making good progress towards recovery. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 18-8-1898.) Edmond James was elected shire president for 1898-9. (P.1, Mornington Standard, 22-9-1898.)

The Callanans bought 460 acres on the Point Leo and Flinders Rd corner in 1884, running back up the blaze track (as the western end of Pt Leo Rd was known)in 1884. They called their farm "Annandale". Agnes Callanan married Dick Oswin, the local butcher.Five Callanan boys went to W.W.1 and all returned but Jim died from lung damage caused by gassing and Vin lost a leg.Mary Karney tells an amusing tale about Vin needing a hosing down.
(MY COUSIN JOHNNY by Mary Karney on page 6-7 of BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES VOLUME 2.)

Wedding Chimes. The "marriage fever". is reported as prevalent at Balnarring. On April 25th, Mr E. Fritsch, of Red Hill, and Miss Wornecki (sic, Warnecke), of Balnarring, were married at Richmond, and on April 26th, Mr R. A. Oswin, of Balnarring, and Miss Agnes Callanan, of Shoreham, were joined in the bonds of matrimony by Rev. W. O'Hagan at Mornington.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-5-1911.)

PENINSULA ASSOCIATION. MEETING OF DELEGATES. A meeting of delegates of the above Association was held at the Grand Hotel, Mornington, on Wedneday night last, the president (Mr L. Harrison, sen.,) in the chair. The following delegates were present :-Messrs W. Odgers and T. Hutchins (Mornington), H. Firth and W. Monk (Som- erville), J. Griffith and Chapman (Dromana), R. Oswin and E. Callanan (Balnarring), R. Maclaurin and H. T. Noble (Tyabb).....The following permits were granted: -Balnarring, T. Stanley, E. Buckley, G. Myers, J. Callanan, E. Callanan, P. Vansuylen, E. Burn; Tyabb, G, Slocombe, F. Knox, E. Robinson, C, Floyd, W. J. Baker, F. Mills, W. Woolie(sic, Woolley), F. Floyd.(P.2. Mornington and Dromana Standard, 8-5-1909.)

While on the subject of footy, Balnarring won the premiership in 1936, with T.Callanan among its best players. The article in BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES VOLUME 2 about Balnarring's glorious 1936 in footy and cricket contains a photo of the footy premiers with (Tom?)standing in the back row.

ENGAGED. Audrey Goldsmith, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. O. Goldsmith, Pine ave., Elwood, to Edmund James Neville Callanan, A.I.F., elder son of Mrs. Callanan, King st., Elsternwick, and the late Mr.E. J. Callanan.
((P.9, Argus, 12-10-1940.)

BIRTHS. CALLANAN (nee Evelyn Edwards). On the 14th June, at "Langi" 12 Lawson street St Kilda, to the wife of Driver E J Callanan, jun Field Artillery Brigade, A.I.F. abroad - a son.(P.13, Argus, 30-6-1917.)


MICHAEL CALLANAN'S FAMILY.
The name of the house draws a link with Michael Callanan, eventually Victoria's Surveyor-General, who possibly married a sister of James Smith Adams (Mornington butcher and Westernport landowner) and bought the Langwarrin estate whose original township became Pearcedale.

Death of a District Pioneer. The news of the death of Mrs M, Callanan, late of Beech Park, Somerville, was received with keen regret throughout the district in which she was widely known and respected for over 60 years (says the Dandenong Advertiser). The "passing of the pioneers" undoubtedly leaves the locality poorer, owing to the loss of steadfast example and high principle guiding every action of the 'old stock" It is regrettable that some enduring chronicle of the stirring events that made up the daily lives of our earliest settlers was not compiled and preserved. The original settlers Adams, Baxter, Lyall, King, Sage, Patterson, Wedge and others, will soon be but a memory in the field of their strenuous labors and enduring usefulness. Tne late Mrs Callanan had been closely identified with the Cranbourne district for 64 years. Born on a Namoi river station, N.S.W. in 1842 she left for Victoria with her parents Dr. and Mrs J. S Adams in 1851, arriving and settling on Westernport in 1852. The family were the first to "over land" a large mob of cattle, the trip occupying I4 months. The true history of that journey bordered on romance. Hemmed in by flood on one spot for three months, called forth all those qualities of initiative and resource characteristic of the Australian, and making the "Anzac" of a soldier the admiration of the world. Mrs Callanan was the first white girl to make the overland trip from N.S.W. In this era of express trains and motors, it is barely possible to realise the difficulties to be surmounted in those early days. The family proudly points to large articles of furniture ferried across the rivers Lachlan, Murrumbidgee, and Murray in aboriginal canoes of bark. It demanded the widest resourcefulness and generalship of no mean order to encompass such a pilgrimage through the then unknown and trackless wilds. After a short sojourn at Yallock, Dr Adams purchased and settled at "Balla Balla" near Cranbourne. Miss Adams early married Mr Callanan, a pioneer surveyor (after Surveyor General) who has been long and honorably associated with the settlement of Southern Victoria, notably Gippsland. Mr Callanan purchased the Langwarrin pre emptive and adjoining lands in the early "sixties' and the family retains the original holding; Cr Frank Callanan occupying the central position. The late Mrs Callanan will long be remembered as a fearless and accomplished horsewoman, a gentle stirling friend, and a "rock of refuge" and sympathy to those in trouble or need of help Our sympathy is extended to Mr Callanan and his family.

NOLAN-CALLANAN.-On the 7th June 1900, at the Church of the Sacred Heart, St.Kilda West, by the Rev. William Ganly, assisted by the Rev. P. H. Boyle, J. Lucius Nolan , L.S.C.E., son of W. H. Nolan, to Nellie, third daughter of M. Callanan (ex-surveyor-general of Victoria), of Wattletree-road, Malvern.
(P.9, Argus, 19-1-1901.)

CALLANAN-OLSSON.-On the 15th July, at St. Monica's R.C. Church, Moonee Ponds, by the Rev. W. Power, P.P., Simon A., youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Callanan, of Lorraine street, Essendon, to Eileen, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Olsson, Lorraine street, Essendon. (Present address, Beach Park, Pearcedale.) (P. 17, Argus, 18-9-1926.)

CALLANAN.-On the 3rd August,at Pennycross private hospital, Scott street, Dandenong, to Mr and Mrs. Frank A. Callanan, 'Coolebah," Cranbourne--a son. (P.2, Dandenong Advertiser and Cranbourne, Berwick and Oakleigh Advocate.)

CALLANAN-COSTELLO

The marriage of Margaret Julia (Greta), second daughter of Mr and Mrs P. Costello, Black st, Brighton, to Leo Francis, elder son of Mrs Callanan, of Pearcedale, and the late Mr F. Callanan, was celebrated yesterday at St Joan of Arc's Church, Brighton, with Nuptial Mass. Rev Father Fennessy officiated. The bride, who was un- attended, wore a gown of white patterned crepe and a finger-tip length tulle veil held with lily of the val- ley. Mr Bernard Callanan was best man. (P.6, Argus, 4-11-1943.)

TIME FOR MORE RATE &LLL RESEARCH.
The wife of a soldier with the same initials as Cr Callanan is living in a house whose name might derive from Langwarrin and all of a sudden the focus switches to Michael Callanan.
Has itellya gone completely mad??????
And why are Lorraine St, Essendon and J.L.Nolan in bold type?

I tried LIME LAND LEISURE first but Callanan does not appear in the index. This does not mean that my distant memory of a surveyor and his brother buying land did not come from this book. As it may have come from the trilogy (Arriving,Settling,Making their Mark- which it didn't), Bearbrass, Early Melbourne or a host of other more-general histories, I didn't waste time scanning the whole book to see if Callanan had been accidentally left out of the index. For I had another distant memory.

This was when I discovered that 75% of Mornington Peninsula history was not available for loan and decided to do what I could to make it more accessible. I started by obtaining photocopies of Kangerong and Wannaeue parish maps from Dromana and Rye Historical Societies and supplying them to the library in Rosebud. That was in August 2010 and those maps still aren't in the map drawer! That might give you an idea why I supply my information through FAMILY TREE CIRCLES rather than the Mornington Peninsula Library!

My next step was to transcribe rate details in those two parishes. The Callanans were in neither of these parishes but I had noticed Callanans Road in Melway and noted (without recording it) something about Michael Callaghan, surveyor. This was while Edmund James Callanan was on council; perhaps he had signed the assessments. "How stupid can you be?", I thought at the time. Even though a land speculator named Callaghan was probably involved in the area at about the time (extensively in the sale of the Clarke Estate on the Survey-Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd- in 1907), you would expect the rate collector to know the councillors.

The 21-7-1883 assessments do not include any Callanan. Occupation had taken place before the 19-7-1884 assessment.Edmund Callanan, grazier was assessed on 696 acres and building, Balnarring, owned by M.Callanan. This entry was in East Riding. Details were the same on 20-7-1885 but the occupant was written thus: Callanan Edm?
The 17-7-1886 record shows that Edmund J. Callanan, grazier, and Michael Callanan, surveyor, were jointly assessed on 1860 acres and buildings, Balnarring.

In order to specify the landholdings, I next tried 30-9-1899, expecting fair detail there.
Ass. No. 32. Edmund J.Callanan, lots 56, 57, 58, 97 Bal. (I think I forgot to write the number of acres!) 33. Michael Callanan, 1164 acres Bal.
34. (John Grayden crossed out), (John Peacock crossed out) E.J.Callanan, lot 98 Bal.

I knew I'd find detail about Michael's 1164 acres in 1910 so I inspected the 24-9-1910 assessment.
30. Michael Callanan, 2 Lorraine St, Essendon ,444 acres, 56, 57, 58 Bal.
31. Catholic Trustees, St Pat's Melb., 252 acres, 97, 98 Bal.
A lot of land missing there! I backtracked.

25-10-1909.
31. Michael Callanan, 2 Lorraine St, Essendon, (see letter 25/9/09) E.J.Callanan occupier, 444 acres, 56, 57, 58 Bal.
32. Callanan S. and Nolan J.L. 1168 acres 81, pt 82, 85, 86, 87, 85A2 Bal.
33. Catholic R. Trustees, 252 acres, 97, 98 Bal.

AND WHERE WAS THIS LAND?
Stanleys Rd and Pt. Leo Rd were boundaries between crown allotments but there was a further division between them, Callanan Rd not existing at that time. The north west end of this dividing line was the Station Rd/Almora Ave corner (Melway 191 B6.) It then went east sou' east to a point that is very close to the end of Callanan Rd before heading due (magnetic) east to the northern boundary of Merricks Township (Thompsons Lane, named after the pioneer whose grants comprised much of the Callanans' land.)

Fronting Pt Leo Rd, from the Red Hill end to the end of Callanans Rd, were crown allotments 88 (part of 305 acres granted to W.Aitken on 18-4-1881),and 87A, 87B, 86A, 86B, 85A, 85B, all granted to J.Buchanan and comprising 622 acres 1 rood and 9 perches; it is not clear whether this total included 85A2 of 10 acres granted to J.Buchanan on 26-6-1876. Paringa Rd, (along which Bill Huntley drove me spouting history at a million words a mile-and me with no tape recorder),is a subdivisional road on 87, 86 and 85. No.147 Balnarring Rd indicates the 10 acre 85 A2.

North of this dividing line and fronting Stanleys Rd were, from the Red Hill end: 77 (the rest of Aitken's land whose eastern boundary was a line joining Tar Barrel Corner and the pedestrian trail in the middle of 191 D7), 81 (whose east boundary started at the Stanleys Rd bend in 191 G5 and passed through the end of Thomas Rd to Callanans Rd) and 82A (whose eastern boundary started 266 metres east of the bend in Stanleys Rd and ran due magnetic south.) Bryant Tonkin's grants were between 82A and Tonkins Rd.

Crown allotments 81 and 82A were granted to J.R.Thompson on 16-2-1874. Unfortunately neither the Balnarring parish map obtained from the Rosebud Library nor the one on the internet give the acreage. However the area of 81 and 82A seems to be about the same as 87 and 86, about 429 acres. Using this estimate, I came to a total of 1152 acres, fairly close to the 1168 acres on which S.Callanan and J.L.Nolan were assessed in 1909.

J.R.Thompson was also granted 97 and 98 (Melway 256 J2) and 56, 57 and 58 (Melway 256 K4) which all fronted the south east side of Pt Leo Rd, right to the coastal reserve, for 3057 metres. The south eastern boundary of all this land was a line joining the bend in the locality border (in Melway 256 G1) with Seychelles Rd.

Crown allotments 97 and 98 total 251 acres 2 roods and 11 perches, close enough to the 252 acres on which the Catholic Trustees were assessed in 1909. Crown allotments 56, 57, and 58 total 444 acres 2 roods and 23 perches so Michael Callahan's assessment in 1909 was spot on.


CHADWICK Thomas William. 1924-32, 1934-41. Thomas Chadwick was the foundation secretary of The Rosebud Foreshore Committee of Management in 1923. His auctioneer and real estate business on the Rosebud Pde corner of the Broadway Theatre building is shown in several photos in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. Thomas cunningly wrote to the Melbourne papers advising that the best place to view the American fleet entering the bay was from the Springbank estate, which he was selling! (The Argus 17-7-1925 page 11.)

Spencer Jackson received most of the credit for having the bus ban plans overturned but I'm sure that Thomas was partly responsible.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir - Some weeks ago the Minister for Public Works (Mr Jones) received a deputation which urged the withdrawal of the ban on buses to which he gave a courteous and sympathetic hearing. Since then the matter has been submitted to the Crown law department. As it is of vital importance to the Mornington Peninsula, particularly at this time of the year, we are most anxious to be informed of the decision
-Yours, &c., THOMAS W. CHADWICK. Rosebud. (P.10, Argus, 31-10-1928.)

THE 'BUS BAN. Sir,- Christmas is upon us, and, notwithstanding that Sir William McPherson, who introduced the largest deputation that ever left the Mornington Peninsula, is Premier, and Mr Chandler, who strongly supported it when another Ministry was in power, is now Minister, the 'Bus Act remains a blot on the statute book- refusing, as it does, the right of people who pay for our roads to have the use of them, throwing many men out of employment and ruining the tradespeople of this end of the district. It is not possible to let the seaside homes, because the people believe they must travel by the railways. Again, when the matter is brought before a higher Court, we find that the act does not hold water. The public can still come to these districts by car from Batman Avenue. The motor- owners, at great expense, rather than disappoint the people, are putting on fleets of five-seaters to cope with the present traffic. One thing the present Ministry can do is to give the "spotters" or inspectors time off during the holiday season. Yours, &c,.
THOMAS W. CHADWICK. Rosebud, Dec. 10. (P.9, Argus, 11-12-1928.)

MOTOR.'BUS BAN. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ARGUS.
Sir,The Minister for Railways (Mr Groves) states that electrification of the Mornington line will commence at once it the bus restrictions are not lessened. Surelv the Cabinet will not hear of this. We have more than 30 miles of splendid roads after leaving Mornington leading to main pleasure resorts of Victoria, made possible only by motors. Travellers wishing to visit beauty spots, such as Portsea, Sorrento, Red Hill, Rosebud, Rye, Dromana and Flinders must travel to a time table set by the commissioners, who well know that the railway for short runs as against the motor car are a thing of the past. The commissioners would destroy all these plans for the benefit of one also putting the public to great inconvenience in changing from their trains to cars. We are anxiously looking forward to the fulfilment of the Premier's promise on Monday next.-Yours &c.,
THOMAS W.CHADWICK,Rosebud, Oct. 10. (P.10, Argus, 14-10-1929.)

GNR. THOMAS G. CHADWICK. Rosebud, missing, is a son of Cr. Thomas Chadwick, late AIF. Educated at Rosebud SS and Frankston HS, he played cricket for Rosebud. He was employed by Younghusband Ltd., Melbourne.
(PERSONAL NOTES ON CASUALTIES, P.5, Argus, 11-6-1941.)

CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence. Rosebud. Thomas William, dearly beloved husband of Pearl, loving father of Mavis (Mrs. H. Watt), Tom (prisoner of war, Italy), Harry (A.I.F.), Ruby, Elaine. Mollie, and Leslie. -Loved by all.

CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence. Rosebud, Thomas William, beloved son of the late Emily and William Chadwick, brother of Ethel (deceased), Arthur, and Roy. -Rest in peace. (P.2, Argus, 13-1-1943.)



CHAPMAN Thomas 1908-10
An extraordinary election to fill the vacancy in the Centre riding of the Flinders and Kangerong shire, caused by the death of Cr Nowlan was held yesterday, when Mr T. Chapman, of Red Hill, was elected by 18 votes. The polling was as follows :-Flinders- Buchanan. 84; Chap man 10: Red Hill-Buchanan, 1; Chapman. 41 ; Dromana-Chapman , 58: Buchanan, 6 ; totals-Chapman, 109 ; Buchanan. 91, Majority for Chapman, 18.
(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 19-9-1908.)

FLINDERS - The by-election for the Central Riding of Flinders and Kangerong Shire Council held on Friday resulted: - Chapman 105 votes Buchanan 91, majoritv for Chapman, 14. (P.5, Argus, 23-9-1908.)

Mr. Andrew Haig, of "Forest Lodge," Red Hill, was the only candidate nominated for the vacancy caused by the retirement of Cr T. Chapman, who did not seek re-election. Cr D. Buckley (east riding) was accorded a walkover.
(P2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 20-8-1910.)

COUNCIL MEETING REPORT IN SECTION HEADED "ELECTION OF PRESIDENT."
EX-CRS. CAIN AND CHAPMAN. Cr Stanley moved that a hearty vote of thanks be sent to ex-Cr Cain for his many (42) years of services to the rate payers. It was highly complimentary to Cr Terry to replace Cr Cain.- Cr Davies seconded, remarking that during his (the speaker's) term of office as a councillor, now' 16 years, he had many opportunities of judging the ability of ex-Cr Cain. He was an in fluential man and of great weight on deputations He regretted the defeat of Cr Cain, whom he would have liked to see back again among them. On motion of Cr Buckley, a similar vote was passed to ex Cr Chapman. The President regretted the absence of Mr Chapman, who was a straight goer. They had lost a good man in him. Both motions were carried.
(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 3-9-1910.)

CHAPMAN. - On December 21, Thomas Chapman, of Frankston, eldest surviving son of the late George and Elizabeth Chapman, devoted father of Elsie (Mrs. E. Turner), Edgar Burton (A.I.F. abroad), and Flossie (Mrs. Francis). (No flowers .)

Thomas Chapman was born in 1868, the second child of George Chapman and Elizabeth (nee Bain.)

Pasted from my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL.
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA had much information about the Chapmans.
Thomas Chapman (1868-1941) was the second child of George Chapman, the founder of "Seawinds" on Arthurs Seat. The Dromana block was probably where George, who died in 1898, lived while he was hauling timber off Arthurs Seat in 1862 although he later bought land and built a house near James St or Thomas St in Dromana (Melway 159 H7.)
The triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerstone Ave,Crown Allotment 1, Section 1 Kangerong, consisted of 43 acres.In 1910, Edith Chapman, farmer, Red Hill, was assessed on a lot on this triangle and I believe that the streets on it were named by, or in in honour of, the Chapmans. Thomas St could be named after Red Hill's Thomas,George St after his father or Dromana's blacksmith, and James St after younger brother James (1863-1953) who established Belmont Guest House in Dromana.
When Thomas was about 8, George moved to Arthurs Seat and cleared his selection over the years with the help of John (1866-1901), Thomas and James. John and James were lured by the gold rush of the 1890's in Western Australia, while James stayed on Sea Winds, and they established a water condensing enterprise in Kalgoorlie. Thomas returned to Red Hill, becoming an orchardist and serving as a councillor . When John died in Bunbury, his wife Edith, nee Sheehan returned with their little daughter to her family at Red Hill.
Thomas Chapmans youngest sister, Janet, born in 1877, lived with Thomas and Kate at Red Hill and later at Frankston.


There was an obituary for Mrs T.Chapman on page 4 of the Standard (Frankston) of 7-3-1941. She had died at her residence, Beach St, Frankston on March 1st.She and her husband were old residents of Red Hill and since moving to Frankston had been involved with the Presbyterian Church. She left behind her husband, two daughters and one son. (Thomas died soon after.) The pall bearers were Crs Rudduck and Higgins (sic*) and Messrs J.J.Griffiths, R.Holmes, J.Watson, E.Trewin. The funeral was at the Frankston Cemetery with Messrs E.Turner, V.C.Francis, E.Haig and C.J.Clarke as coffin bearers.(*George Higgens.)

CHAPMAN. - On December 21, Thomas Chapman, of Frankston, eldest surviving son of the late George and Elizabeth Chapman, devoted father of Elsie (Mrs. E. Turner),Edgar Burton (A.I.F. abroad), and Flossie (Mrs. Francis). (No flowers .) ((P.4, Argus, 22-12-1941.)

MR. T. CHAPMAN Mr. Thomas Chapman, of Beach St. Frankston, died on Sunday, December 21. Mr. Chapman was a resident of Red Hill, where he was well-known before removing to Frankston where he made his home. His wife predeceased him, and he leaves two daughters and one son, Edgar, who is abroad with the A.I.F. The funeral took place at the Frankston Cemetery on Monday, December 22. The pall-bearers were the following: Messrs. A. W. Bruce, C. Grant, J.P., A. Austin, A. McConnell, G. L Sutherland and L. T. Webster. The coffin was carried by Messrs. W. Chapman, E. Haig, W. C. Francis and E. Turner. A service was held at the home by Rev. H. Ax. Harris, who also read the burial service. Mr. Hector Gamble conducted the funeral arrangements.
(P.1, Standard, Frankston, 2-1-1942.)




CLARK Edward J.P. 1901-13
In his younger days, Edward had been a very good runner.
SORRENTO SPORTS. The Sorrento annual sports were held on Easter Monday. Owing to the very unpleasant weather the programme was not commenced until one o'clock, and after a portion of the events had beendecided an adjournment was made until Thursday (eight hours day.) As the track was very heavy there were no records put up. The 130 yards champion race brought three starters-E. Clark (Sorrento) R. Hutchins (Mornington) W. Sutton (Sorrento). Clark beat Hutchins, but the finish was very close.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-4-1892.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG COUNCIL. TO THE EDITOR. Sir,-In your last issue, I notice a letter signed "Voter," in reference to some remarks I made at the last council meeting. I must inform "Voter" that it was neither the Sorrento Progressive League nor the approaching elections that prompted me to make the remarks I did. I would imagine it was the coming election that moved 'Voter" to send his letter to your paper for the purpose of injuring me and assisting my opponent. Had " Voter" been at that council meeting there would have been no necessity for him to ask the question, as anyone present could have no doubt as to what caused me to speak as I did. As for me now "condemning what I previously strongly advocated," when and where did I advocate money being paid for work that had not been inspected by the engineer ? As to day work, "Voter,' knows that I am and always have been strongly against day work. My action in the council in moving that the roads be let in sec- tions should be proof of that.- Yours, &c., E. CLARK. " Mafeking," Sorrento,July 15, 1903.
(P.4, Mornington Standard, 18-7-1903.)
The house name is interesting. Had a family member been involved in the relief of Mafeking?

RYE. We are just over the throes of the council election, which resulted in the return of our late representative, Mr Jas. Clark, of Sorrento, who defeated Mr Robert Anderson, of Cape Schanck, by 41 votes. We duly trust and hope that our member will exert his influence im forwarding all necessary works, and will take a broad view of the require ments of the district, and follow in the footsteps of his father, the late Mr John Clark, of Sorrento, who did so much useful work for the benefit of his constituents in this and other places in the shire. (P.4, Mornington Standard, 5-9-1903.) Did the Rye correspondent make a mistake or was E.Clark known as James?

Cr E.Clark,Sorrento, intends spending a short holiday at Cape Schanck. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)

CLARK John Boswell (Lugger Jack) 1896-8, 1900-1
Cr Edward Clark was the second son of John Boswell Clark.With brothers, George Edward and Jack, Edward operated a butcher's shop in Ocean Beach Rd and slaughtered in Hughes Rd. George and Edward eventually went to Melbourne.

John Boswell Clark arrived as first mate on a schooner and in the 1850's bought a limestone house which Hollinshed speculated might have been built by one of three men but Jenny Nixon (nee Skelton) was in doubt which, a Mr Wells. (See ROWLEY.) After working at Patrick Sullivan's kilns he skippered limecraft, earning the name of "Lugger Jack". He married Mary Ann Skelton and built the Mornington Hotel which they occupied in 1878.
(LLL109.) There is much information about the Skeltons, Clarks etc in THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and Jennifer Nixon's FAMILY CONNECTIONS SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.

J. B. Clark, Sorrento, applied for reduction of valuation of Mornington Hotel, Sorrento. from 100 to 50; Mr. Cook appeared for applicant. The Bench, after hearing the evidence, reduced the assessment to 60, or the alternative of hearing the application at San Remo Court on the 6th inst, to enable the valuer to attend.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 12-12-1895.)
The limestone cottage built by Henry Cadby Wells that became known as "Clark's Cottage" was demolished to extend the hotel after it became the "Koonya".



CRICHTON David Maynard 1939-46
The Barkers of Boneo and Cape Schanck were the same family. On 3-9-1864, John Barker was assessed on a 6014 Run and James Barker on a 266 acre freehold. John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker. By 5-9-1865, John Crichton was leasing 640 acres, all of the Boniyong pre-emptive right and it was revealed that the house built by the Barkers had 8 rooms, a grand house for those days.But not nearly as grand as the two houses the Barkers built in the shire of Flinders about which the author of "Around Flinders" in 1902 went into raptures. The Boneo pre-emptive right was on the east side of Boneo Rd between Browns Rd and Limestone Rd and "Glen Lee", a freehold established by the Crichtons was directly across Boneo Rd.

John Crichton made at least two attempts for municipal office, in 1866 and 1909. In 1909, he thrashed Lugger Jack Clark and David McFarlan at every booth but Sorrento, but that watering place's huge population got Clark over the line. John was still a leader for the Boneo community however.
From J. Crichton, forwarding a resolution which was carried at a public meeting held at Boneo-That in the opinion of this meeting the engineer has failed to do his duty, and we hope that the council will either see that he does his work better, or appoint one that will give his whole time to the business of the shire-The President: We must thank Mr Crichton and the public of Boneo for their zeal in looking after the interests of the shire, but do not think it is necessary to make any alteration. Moved by Cr Cain seconded by Cr Clark.-That this council while thanking the ratepayers of Boneo for any suggestions as to the carrying out of the shire business, has every confidence in the Engineer, and failing any proved cases of neglect or incompetence has no ground for interfering with present arrangements. Carried.

Not only the Boneo people regarded John Crichton as a prominent citizen; having difficulty in getting a councillor to call a meeting regarding his proposal for sugar production,Sidney Smith Crispo of Eastbourne asked John to do so in 1894. The councillors obviously respected John, judging by the polite way the Boneo resolution was dismissed (a motion not to accept correspondence was moved against a letter complaining of frog ponds in another riding) but also his appointment as a Returning Officer.

Nominations are invited for five persons to act as members of the School Board of Advice for the West Riding of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong. Nomination papers must be delivered to the returning officer, Mr. John Crichton, at Glenlee, Boneo. before 4 o'clock on the afternoon of the 26th inst. (next Tuesday).

Extract from my DRAMA ON TROVE.
GLEN LEE AND CRICHTON. The Barkers� pre-emptive right, bisected by Cape Schanck Rd, was between William J.Brady�s 1A Wannaeue and John Crichton�s Glen Lee. Crichton secured the grants for 22, 23, 25 and 24 Wannaeue, giving him 452 acres on 10-3-1875. Another member of the family received the grant for almost 17 acres to complete a rectangle fronting the west side of Boneo Rd and about 1200 metres of Browns and Limestones Rds. In 1864 John Crichton was leasing a house and 340 acres from John Barker.
In 1879, John Barker senior and junior had 453 acres. Hugh Crichton was assessed on 314 acres and Alexander on 638 acres. Hugh�s land had been granted to J.Lovie and fronted the east side of Truemans Rd, the south side of Hiscocks Rd and 395 metres of Browns Rd with its eastern boundary half a mile west of Boneo Rd. Alexander�s land, on which Catherine Crichton was assessed in 1910, consisted of 8A, 9B and 10B, section B Wannaeue. Catherine must have been leasing Brady�s 10D as she had the whole 344 acres bounded by Baldrys Rd, McPhersons Lane, (a much straighter) Barkers Rd and Main Creek. �Lime Land Leisure� has much detail about the Crichtons and their famous cheese so I need not repeat it here. The two executors appointed by John Crichton were grantees of land between Glen Lee and Main Ridge. Nelson Rudduck was actually a Dromana resident associated with Karadoc (from which land was donated for the Bush Nursing Hospital), Piawola (still standing on a large block west of the shopping centre) and his shop near the pier. He donated the Rosebud Fishing Village block for the Rosebud Methodist Church mentioned in relation to Rose Brady.
Nelson received the grant for 17B Wannaeue of 100 acres which was between Kinwendy Rd and Duells Rd (Melway 170 J9-10.) The Rudduck family also received the grant for allotment 23 Fingal, of 163 acres, between the corner of Long Point and Rogers Rds and the Gun and Motor cycle clubs Reserve (259 H 1-2.) The Barnaby family received the grants of 16A and 16 B Wannaeue, of 92 acres 1 rood and 31 perches, bounded by Duells Rd, Stefanie Rennick Walk and Kinwendy Rd. It is easy to see how the Crichtons were well acquainted with the Rudducks and Barnabys.
Isobel Moresby's "Rosebud: Flower of the Peninsula" was written over 50 years ago and the library's only surviving copy has been withdrawn to archives. I have written a short summary of the information given by Isobel (and available nowhere else) with additional comments and given it the same title. The following excerpt comes from my "Rosebud: Flower of the Peninsula".
John Barnaby, who was acting moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Victoria, had a calling to the ministry at an early age and his mother was a frequent visitor to Rosebud selling her basket of eggs and butter to make a university education possible. John died in 1933, deeply mourned. The Barnaby family is mentioned in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, which may be borrowed. As well as Turkey Barnaby's Yorktown, family members had land at Melway 171 A9-10.


Cr David Maynard Crichton definitely seems to be a descendant of the Glen Lee family, most likely through David Crichton, whose second son was named Maynard.Hughie, who married one of the daughters of Alexander Shand of Main Ridge, had a daughter named Catherine. She was killed in a carriage accident and her grave monument at Dromana Cemetery is one of the few old ones in good condition.

BIRDIES AND BOGIES, the history of the Rosebud Country Club, shows that a member of the Crichton family was heavily involved in the establishment of their course.
John Crichton was on the Committe of the Kangerong Hort. and Agr. Soc.(1897), secretary of the Dromana Presbyterian Church (1902)

The Crichton genealogy in LIME LAND LEISURE was so scant, I'll try to add a bit.

TURNER--CRICHTON The Presbyterian Church, Rosebud, was decorated with mixed flowers of autumn tonings and greenery when the marriage was celebrated, on February 28, of Daphne Margaret, eldest daughter of Mr. D. M. Crichton, of Boneo, via Rosebud, and the late Mrs. Crichton, to Francis Bowmap, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Turner, of Glen- thompson, Victoria. The Rev. E. W. S. Bishop performed the ceremony. The bride was given away by her father,and wore a pearl-tinted satin gown, made on princess lines, with a long train. Her mounted veil was held by cream azaleas, and she carried a shower bouquet, of tawny dahlias. Miss Elvie Crichton, sister of the bride, attended her. Her white. organdie frock was made with a period skirt, fashioned with frills. She wore a halo head-dress: and carried a bouquet of red carnations and tawny dahlias. Corporal Desmond Fankhauser was best man. The reception was held at "Kan- gerong," Dromana, and attended by 36 guests. The bridegroom's mother wore a tailored check costume of grey and green, and a shoulder spray of variegated carnations. The happy couple will make their home at Glenthompson, Victoria.'

Mr. and Mrs. F. B. TURNER, photographed after their recent wedding at Rosebud. The bride was DAPHNE CRICHTON, of Boneo, via Rosebud.(P.7, Standard, Frankston, 7-3-1946.)

DROMANA. (From Our Own Correspondent.) Private J. Crichton. of the Australian Imperial Regiment, whose death is reported at Mafeking from enteric fever, is a son of Mr Hugh Crichton of Warragul and nephew of Mr Jno Crichton, Boneo.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-9-1900.)

CRICHTON.---On the 25th April, 1934, at Rosebud, John Crichton,late of Glenlee, Boneo in his 90th year. A colonist of 75 years. (P.1, Argus, 26-4-1934.)

CRICHTON. -The friends of the late Mr JOHN CRICHTON are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment,the Dromana Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to leave his residence, Tasma, Rosebud, THIS DAY (Thursday, April 26),at 3 o'clock. (P.1, Argus, 26-4-1934.)

PEARCE. �Commissioner F. W. Pearce, Peking, China, dearly loved husband of Etty (nee Cowlishaw), late Prahran, affectionate brother-in-law of E. W. Cowlishaw (Clayton), S. F. Cowlishaw (Sale), Mrs. H. W. Crichton (Glenlee, Boneo).(P.17, Argus, 13-11-1926.) If you have your thinking cap on, you'll recall that Hugh was at Warragul in 1900 and that David's daughter, Daphne, married a Glenthompson lad.


CROAD William Stanley Welland 1956-62
William Joseph Croad began building at Sorrento and married John Spunner's daughter, Adeline Maud. W.S.W.Croad,their son born in 1905, served one term as Shire President.

WELCOME TO SORRENTO MR CROAD!
MORNINGTON. At the County Court held here on June 7th., before Judge Molesworth and a special jury of four, William Joseph Croad, carpenter of Sorrento, sued Isaac E. Bensilum, proprietor of the Continental Hotel of the same place, for �500 damages for assault false imprisonment and malicious prosecution. Mr. Hasley appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Leon for the defendant. The case for the plaintiff was that in February last the defendant gave Mr. Cousins. a storekeeper of Sorrento, permission to erect temporary buildings on a piece of land, owned by Bensilum until the completion of a shop that defendant was building, which Mr. Cousins was to take when ready, whose store had been burned some time before. He accordingly instructed plaintiff to erect a a temporary building on Bensilum's land, which plaintiff finished on the 28th February last. Cousins ordered plaintiff to pull down the building, and whilst doing so he was asked by defendant, and offered 10s to desist,
which plaintiff refused to accept. Defendant then sent for Constable Nolan, stationed at Sorrento, and gave plaintiff a charge for wilful trespass. The case for trespass was heard and dismissed, thence the present action. The case for the defence was that no authority had been given to Cousins to remove any building he had erected on Bensilum's land, and that as the building had been erected by Cousins on the defendant's land, it became the property of Bensilum and defendant was quite justified after warning Croad to desist from pulling down same, to give him in charge. The case lasted all day, and the jury after deliberation for half an hour, found a verdict for plaintiff as follows: For assault, 1/4d; for malicious prosecution, �10; for false inprisonment L10.

The Rye Presbyterians first worshipped at the school/hall/church on the site of the historic Church of England but eventually secured their own church which was "erected by Mr William J.Croad, a builder and member of St Andrew's Church, Sorrento." It was officially opened on 27-11-1904 and served well until increased attendances in the 1960's required the building of a new (and bigger) church.
(P.11, RYE TOWNSHIP'S 150TH ANNIVERSARY, Southern Peninsula News.)




DARBY Thomas Edward Maude 1893-4 See DARLEY. This is a mistake in LIME LAND LEISURE and the Mornington Peninsula Library has been asked to insert a correction in each of their copies of the book.

DARK Alfred John Heath 1949-64
Edwin Dark arrived at Sorrento in 1875. His sons were Edwin John, Charles and Walter. It is not known at this moment which of the sons was the councillor's father.(LLL115)

Edwin's wife obviously had a holiday in Sydney and was listed among passengers travelling to Melbourne by train in 1888. Mrs Dark Sorrento. (P.7, Argus, 30-4-1888.)

Mrs Dark would have been very excited in 1914. Two weddings in one year! The Cottiers and Swans were early pioneers.

Wedding Bells. DARK-SWAN. A very pretty wedding was celebrated at St. Andrew's church, Rye, on 6th May. The contracting parties were Mr C. Dark, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Dark, Sorrento, and Miss C. Swan fifth daughter of Mr and Mrs D. Swan, Rye. The Rev. Sherwood of Sorrento officiated, and Mrs Myers played the wedding march. The bride who was given away by her father wore a gown of ivory charmeuse satin, the skirt being draped with a beautiful lace scarf, and the bodice prettily trimmed with lace and small pearls. She wore the customary wreath and veil, and carried a shower bouquet composed of single white dahlias and asparagus fern, arranged and sent by her sister from Corowa N. S. W. The bridesmaids Miss D Dark and Miss N. Swan, sisters of bride and bridegroom respectively, wore cream dresses of silk voile trimmed with wide lace flouncings, and wore mop caps. They also carried shower bouquets in autumn tints. Mr W. Wells acted in capacity of best man and Mr A. Dark as groomsman. Mrs Swan mother of bride and Mrs Dark mother of bridegroom wore gowns of black satin. After the ceremony a reception was held in the Rye hall, which had been beautifully decorated by the friends of the bride. About 70 guests were entertained at the breakfast, a principal feature being a four decker wedding cake, the work of the bridegroom's mother. The bride was the recipient of a great number of costly and useful presents including a number of cheques. Her travelling dress was a coat and skirt of thick brown tweed with a brown felt hat to match. The honeymoon will be spent at Healesville.

COTTIER-DARK.-On the 20th May, at the Presbyterian Church, Sorrento, by the Rev. Hewett, John, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. Cottier, to Elizabeth daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Dark, of "Ophir," Sorrento.(P.60, Leader, 1-8-1914.)

DARK. On the 5th January, at his residence,"Ophir,' Sorrento, Edwin John, dearly beloved husband of Jessie Wilson, and loving father of Emmie and Teddie (deceased), Florrie (Mrs. G.Sutton, Willaura), Charles, Elizabeth (Mrs. J.Cottier), Dulcie, Alfred (late A.I.F.), and George. Thy will be done.

DARK. On the 5th January, at his residence,"Ophir," Sorrento, Edwin John, loving father of Charles and Crissy. (Inserted by his loving son and daughter-in-law, C. Dark, Sorrento.

"Stagger holidays and cut their cost." Rosebud, Wednesday.
CHEAPER and more comfortable holidays would follow a staggered leave period, Cr. F. E. Wood told Flinders
Shire Council. - The period should be from December 1 to the end of February or later, he added. He was supported by Cr.A. Dark, of Sorrento who said thousands of people went to Sorrento at the same time each year, and could not be accommodated. (P.8, Argus, 10-2-1955.)

DARLEY Thomas Edward Maude 1893-4

For the vacancy in the Centre Riding representation in the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, caused by the resignation of Cr. Wilding through severe illness, two candidates have been nominated Messrs. T.Darley and J.Pullin (sic,Pullen), both residents of our town. The former who is well known through out the whole district, is a very intelligent man, and one, who has taken a keen interest in all matters pertaining to the advancement and the welfare of the district. As a councillor his common sense would be of practical value to the ratepayers, and the rate payer should bear this in mind on Monday next, which. is polling day. Mr. Pullin is as stated above, a resident of the town, and although taking an interest in the advancement of the district, he has not been so prominent nor taken so keen an interest as Mr. Darley. Ratepayers of the Centre Riding will not be far wrong if they vote for Mr. Darley, who will I am confident, look keenly after their interests.
((P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-10-1893.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. Saturday November 25th. 1893. Present:- Crs Anderson(president), Baldry, Stanley, and Bensilum. Cr. Darley, the recently elected member, after making the usual declaration was introduced by Cr. Baldry, and, after making a few well chosen remarks, took his seat.
(P.2,Mornington Standard, 7-12-1893.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. East Riding : E. Callanan and J. B. Baldassari. Centre Riding: Thomas Edward Maude Darley and M. Bowen. (CANDIDATES. p.3, MORNINGTON STANDARD, 22-8-1895.)




DAVIES John 1894-1914.
My thanks to Shirley Davies who directed me to CHARACTERS OF WILL by Dawn Cowley, another Davies descendant. This book's call number, 929, relates to genealogy but it is found in a separate section (right at the bottom right hand corner,after 994)containing genealogy of peninsula pioneers. Why not 994.52?

John, the second child and oldest son of William Davey/Davis/Davies and Bridget (McGreal)was born in Capetown, South Africa, in 1849. His father, born and married in Ugborough, Devon, took his family back home but sailed for Melbourne on 14-1-1853, arriving on 2-5-1853. William had been indentured to Mr Stephenson of Chelsworth and at the conclusion of this term he stayed near Melbourne, possibly on "Flemington", where Bridget's father was a farmer. (I had mentioned in my PIONEERS PATHWAY journal that John might have been a hero at Kew and a brief glimpse at NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE recently revealed that he was.)

After the seventh was born in 1858, the family moved to the Bangholme/Carrum Downs area where Walter was born in 1859. The ninth child, Alfred was born at Osborne (Melway 145 A10) in 1862 and the 10th, Albert, at Coolart Station in 1864. (It is possible that the births were registered at these places.Osborne was an early township, with streets named after Queen Victoria's children, and the postmaster may have also been the registrar of births and deaths.) Almost immediately after Albert's birth, William selected 68 acres at Bittern and had paid for his land by 1881. (See WILLIAM'S 68 ACRES below.)

William and Emma's daughter Emmelien drowned in a 7foot deep waterhole on the property in 1868 at the age of 15. Their thirteenth child, born in 1872, was given the same name. John married Bridget McGeal in Melbourne on 28-12-1869, giving his occupation as horsebreaker. John made his first application for land in 1871 and spent the next two decades contracting for road and culvert (bridge) works. The book has an outline by John about how he constructed roads. Dawn tells how the area was referred to as both Bittern and Balnarring. They still are interchangeable.

Balnarring Rd separated Balnarring parish on the west side from Bittern parish on the east. Today the Balnarring Recreation Reserve and Station St (which led to Balnarring Station) are in the parish of Bittern .
All of John's grants were in the parish of Bittern. They were (with area,date granted and location details from Melway):
113B, 67 acres, 5-4-1877, 193 F 4-5.
114A, 77 acres, 24-11-1880, 193 G 4-5.
115A, 47 acres, 22-4-1884, left half of G2 and bottom half of G3.
115B and 118B, 170 acres, 15-6-1889, 115B- Between Coolart Rd and 115A.
118 B-left half of 163 G 12 and 193 G 1-2 and bottom half of 193 G-H 1.

WILLIAM DAVIES' 68 ACRES. Strangely Dawn gave no details of the 68 acres, probably because she could not find it on the Bittern parish map. The date it was paid off probably comes from family folklore rather than a document. If he had selected the land and paid it off, his name would be on the parish map as a grantee. But it isn't. However, he was assessed by the Flinders Road Board on 68 acres in the parish of Bittern, which he supposedly owned on 8-6-1869. I believe 113B was William's selection. The only other possibility would be William Davies Jnr's 116B of almost 80 acres (granted to him on 22-1-1885.)This would have finished up as about 68 acres by about 1923 because of the Frankston-Flinders Road and the Merricks to Red Hill Railway but these did not exist when William was assessed in 1869.It is possible that William had selected 111A (bottom half of 193 B-D 3) of 68 acres 1 rood and 7 perches, which was granted to Robert Johnston (sic) on 7-6-1875.

William died at Bittern on 4-3-1883 and was buried at Mornington by old neighbour William Hurley.Emma survived much longer but her affection for John did not. He wanted to charge her the earth to graze her animals on his land so she moved to the Nepean Highway in Mornington where she died on 3-12-1904.

John established an orchard and a sawmill after he became a councillor in 1885. He was appointed a trustee, with David Mairs and Paul Vansuylen, of the Balnarring racecourse. Always keen on sport, he won the Old Buffers' race at the Balnarring Athletics Carnival on 2-3-1899, with Paul Vansuylen second in the field of ten.
John was elected President of the Shire of Flinders on 26-9-1914 and resigned after a year of heading the council.

Dawn's book has pictures of John as President (P. 32) and the family home, "Pine Grove" (p.33.) John might have been breeding horses as Joseph McIlroy went to Pine Grove to buy the mare from Mr John Davies for 5 pounds. (The Red Hill P.22.) Dawn's book is not available for loan but John's contributions at the Pioneers' Reunion at the Balnarring Hall on 5-7-1913 are also recounted in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA which can be borrowed.

John's wife Bridget died at Bittern on 30-6-1919 and John on 14-2-1926, also at Bittern. Davies Rd, running east from the south east corner of John Davies' 118B to the west gate of Cerberus was gazetted in 1914.

THE DAVIES FAMILY IN RATEBOOKS.
I realise that the following is fairly detailed, but this may be the last time I write about this family so I don't want to leave any mysteries unsolved. All land was in the parish of Bittern despite their place of residence being given as Balnarring. Balnarring referred to an area at the junction of the two parishes just as Moorooduc (the district) near Jones Corner was partly in the parish of Bittern.

Flinders Road Board.
8-6-1869. As recorded previously.
7-6-1870. 10. William Davis 147 acres and A ( taken to mean a house.) One would presume the 147 acres included the previous 68 acres but I can find no combination of the Davies' grants that gives a total of 147 acres. There may have been a separate entry for the 68 acres that I didn't spot.
8-6-1871. The 147 acres seems to have been split in half. One would presume that the two halves adjoined so my money was on 113B and 114B, east of the former Balnarring Railway Station, which total 144.5 acres.
20.William Davis 74 acres and 2 roomed house.
31.John Davis 74 acres and 2 roomed house.
13-6-1874. The only change was that William's land (Ass.No. 6) was described as being leased from the Crown, correcting an error that had persisted since 1869, and was now described as 68 acres again.
Flinders and Kangerong Shire.
2-10-1875. All properties were leased from the Crown.
18.John Davis farmer 130 acres and 3 roomed house NETT ANNUAL VALUE 12 pounds.
19.William Davis Snr. 68 acres and 2 roomed house NAV 9 pounds.
20.William Davis Jnr. 79 acres, no house NAV 4 pounds.
1876. The only change was that Davis became Davies.
14-9-1877. The only changes were that John's NAV had increased to 14 pounds and that William Senior was recorded as the owner of his 68 acres, while the others were leasing from the Crown.
27-7-1878.
21.John was now leasing 220 acres from the Crown.
22.William Snr.'s name is given as William Henry Davies as owner and occupier of the 68 acres.
23.Charles Davies was leasing 81 acres from the Crown.
24.Walter Davies was leasing 80 acres from the Crown.
31-7-1880.
18.John's Crown lease was described as 214 acres.
21.William Henry Davies' 68 acre block had become 66 acres and remained so in 81 and 82.
Perhaps some re-surveying had been done!
17-7-1886.
26.Emmeline Davies, the owner, had the 68 (again!) acres, which had a nett annual value of 17 pounds. A backtrack revealed that she was first assessed on 21-7-1883. William Henry had died on 4-3-1883.
27.James Davies had 95 acres and buildings, NAV 9 pounds.
28.John Davies owned 300 acres, NAV 30 pounds.
29.W.C. Davies was leasing 45 acres from the Crown.
30-7-1892. Emmeline's land was now described as 62 acres.
25-7-1896.
37.Emmeline 62 acres and buildings.
38.Henry Davies leasing 66 acres.
39.James Davies 95 acres and buildings.
40.John still had the 300 acres.
41.John Davies Jnr was leasing 40 acres.

At last I found the answer that I had been seeking!
30-9-1899.
55.Emmeline Davies' name has been crossed out as the occupier of 62 acres and buildings, 113B, BITTERN and the name of Harriet Bowen had been written.
THEREFORE THE 68 ACRES ON WHICH WILLIAM DAVIES HAD BEEN ASSESSED IN 1869 WAS 113b, BITTERN!

113B BITTERN.
This block was originally described as 68 acres, then 66 acres and 68 again and finally 62 acres. On the parish map John Davies JUNIOR is written as the grantee and its area is given as 67 acres and
23 perches (67.14375 acres.) Using my little knowledge of geometry and using the boundary measurements in links, I have calculated the area of 113B as 63.95949 acres so none of the estimates was right.
ie. 1806x3395 + .5x1806x293=6395949 square links.
The grant was recorded as being issued on 5-4-1877 and William Davies Senior was assessed as the owner and occupier on 14-9-1877 (see above.)
As John Davies was married on 28-12-1869 , John Davies Jnr would have been a young boy at most in 1877 and was not assessed until the 1890's. Had William put the grant in his young grandson's name? If so, he would have been a trustee and entitled to call himself the owner. If the grant was in young John's name, it is strange that the ownership seems to have passed seamlessly to Emmaline within months of William Henry Davies' death.


DITTERICH Arthur Ralph 1961-4
Extract from my journal, PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA.
WEDDING AT MAIN CREEK. Weddings are as a general rule interesting subjects, either to write or talk about, and the one at Main Creek on the 5th inst., was no exception to the rule. On that date, Miss Christiania Shand, (youngest daughter of Alexander and Charlotte Shand) of Main creek, was united in wedlock to Richard, (youngest son of Richard and Eliza Ditterich of Canterbury. The ceremony took place at noon, and was performed by the Rev R. Brown, of South Melbourne, assisted by the Rev E. Smith of Dromana. The marriage took place in a very picturesque part of the garden, underneath an arch of evergreens, nicely interwoven with flowers. The bride who was given away by her father, was most becomingly dressed in a cream fancy cashmere, trimmed with lace, white tulle veil, and wreath of orange blossoms. Mr J. Shand acted as best man, principal bridesmaid, Miss Ditterich dressed in white dress and blue sash. Miss A.Gunson in white dress and blue sash ; Miss A. Crichton white dress and pink ribbons ; Miss E. Barker, white dress and cream sash. At one o'clock about 50 guests sat down to the wedding breakfast. The tables fairly groaning beneath the weight of good things, which were provided. After the usual toasts had been proposed and responded to, and the Revs Brown and Smith had each made a short speech, the party adjourned to the lawn where the bride and bridegroom had their photographs taken by Mr Wright, of Flinders. Shortly after this the carriage was announced, which was to convey the newly wedded pair and a few of the friends to the railway station, and amid a shower of good wishes and rice the party drove off for Mornington. They will shortly proceed to St Arnaud, in which circuit Mr Ditterich is engaged. During the afternoon games were freely indulged in by the guests. The party breaking up shortly before 6 p.m., owing to the inclemency of the weather. Everybody thoroughly enjoying themselves. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-4-1892.)

They or their descendants obviously came back to Main Ridge. The Main Ridge Cricket Club, whose President, Jason Albress, is a descendant of a Rye pioneer, plays on the A.R. and F.Ditterich Reserve. Arthur Ralph Ditterich was a Flinders Shire councillor 1961-4. The Shand family was probably related to the Downward family of Mornington, Tubbarubba and Kangerong; Downward Shand 1915-17 and John Shand 1902-7 and 1916-23 were also councillors of the shire.


Bill Huntley told me that all the Shands had moved to Gippsland by 1920 and the Ditterich family may have taken over their property. The Shands may have had property near Warragul while still at Main Ridge; there was a Cr Ditterich in the Warragul Shire in the 1880's.

The Ditterich family was at Main Ridge by 1926 where F.Ditterich dominated with bat and ball for Main Ridge in their victory over Ray Cairns' Boneo, scoring 71 of 154 and taking 5 for 85 with the assistance of R.Ditterich who took 3 for 46.(P.18, Argus, 24-11-1926.) I now know why the Ditterich family returned to Main Creek and that the two cricketers were Frank and Ralph. You will remember that Rev. Richard Ditterich married Christiana Shand. Richard's preaching had taken him to Launceston where he died on 9-9-1928, dearly beloved husband of Christiana and loving father of Ralph, Frank, Howard and Keith.(P.1, Argus, 10-9-1928.)

DOBSON Kenneth George 1962-5

THE DOWNWARD FAMILY. Joan Downward contributed two articles to BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES VOLUME 2, one about Foxey's Hangout and the other about the Downward family to the seventh generation.

Of particular interest in the first article is that Dick Downward married Ada Johnson, the niece of Phillip Hilton Elmore (Jack) Johnson, to whom he was introduced when he accompanied Jack to Latrobe in Tasmania. Joan did not know why Jack chose Balnarring when he came to Victoria in 1936, but she has told me of the Downwards being in Tasmania before moving to Victoria and I hazard a guess that they had known Jack's grandparents, half- caste Dolly (nee Dalrymple) and former convict, Thomas Johnson.

Here are some points from Joan's THE DOWNWARD FAMILY.
Alf Downward and James Connell were made the first life members of the Mornington Racing Club in 1918.
Alf only had one son, Herbert Edward Graham Downward, who married Eileen,only child of George Edwards, Dromana's policeman from 1899-1904, after George's retirement at Mooroopna in 1907 due to injuries received while arresting two baddies; George retired to a 120 acre farm at Flinders which he improved and sold in 1911. TROVE.
Herb had three sons, Graham (Garry) born in 1917, Richard (Dick) born in 1918 and Harry born in 1924.Dick moved to Latrobe after being discharged from the 2nd A.I.F. due to a bullet in the right lung and married Ada.
Information below from this source will be labelled BB&M.



DOWNWARD Graham George Alfred 1956-9 1955-57 according to BB&M.
Graham(Garry), son of Herb and grandson of Alf, was the score keeper in the rabbit-trapping contest between Jack Johnson and Lou Connell and the tradition became so important that neighbours filled the void until Garry's return from W.W.2. He also served as councillor in Mornington Shire (1952-55) and Hastings Shire (1966-75.) He named his new farm, "Maxwelton" and farmed it from 1938 until his death in 1992.

DOWNWARD Alfred J.P. 1888-93
Anecdotal Photograph HON. A. DOWNWARD, M.L.A. (Contributed). Hon. A. Downward, M.L.A., who was elected to Parliament on September 20, 1894, completed on Saturday last a period of 30 years as representative for Mornington, and now places him next to Sir Alexander Peacock with regard to years of service in the House. Mr. Downward, in years, is the oldest member, being 76, and is now "the Father of the House." He was a boy amongst the first half-dozen families that came to Mornington in 1855, when the blacks were on the beach at Schnapper Point and the kangaroos in the park. In 1878 he was elected a member of the Mornington Council, and in 1879 was appointed a Justice of the Peace. As a councillor he took a very active part in securing the construc- tion of the railway to Mornington, and was president of the Shire when the line was opened on September 10, 1889, by the late Dr. Pearson, who represented the Ministry, and Dr. L. L. Smith, then the member for Morn- ington. There was great rejoicing in the town and the president entertained the visitors, and over a hundred guests at a banquet in the Mechanics' Hall. He was also a member of the Flinders Shire Council for a period of nine years, during which time he had the unique distinction of having held a seat simultaneously for nine years in both councils and president of both at the same time. He had the honour of being president of the Flinders shire on three occasions, and a record of Shire councillor at Mornington for 25 years. The record for the Peninsula to date is that of the late Cr. John Cain, of Portsea; his years of service being 30. Upon his retiring from the councils he declined a presentation that was proposed, but accepted a banquet that was tendered to him at the Mornington Hall, at which there was a large gathering of sportsmen, representatives and public men from the three shires of the Peninsula. One of his last efforts in municipal affairs was to take the lead in 1894 in the severance of the Mornington Shire (Mornington was then the West Riding) and constitute itself a new and separate Shire, apart from the other two ridings of Frankston and Hastings. This was a wise step, and the ratepayers can thank him that they are not joined up today with the adjoining shire that has liabilities to the extent of f81,000. In 1877 he first stood for Parliament, and after six contests was elected in 1894, defeating Dr. L. L. Smith by 3 votes. The doctor petitioned against his return. Davey Gaunson was L.L.'s counsel, and if there was one place where he shone more than another it was before the Elections and Qualification Committee, but Mr. Downward fought his own case, and came off with flying colours. A fresh election was agreed upon by both of them and ordered by the committee. This time in 1895, Mr. Downward was restored to the seat by 100 votes. In 1900, at the first election for the Federal Parliament, he was a candi- date for Flinders, but was defeated by Mr. A. C. Groom. State members had not then to resign from the State Parliament as they have to do now, so he retained his seat. In 1908 Mr. Downward was Minister of Mines, Water Supply and Agriculture, and in 1917 Minister of Mines and Health.

He has had more contests (municipal and Parliamentary) than any other man in Australia during his long reign. It was thought at the recent State election that the rise of the great mining town of Wonthaggi, with over 2100 votes, that the candidate from that place might win the seat, but Mr. Downward, without any help from his party, the Farmer's Union, or Press backing, secured the substantial majority of 670 votes. It must have been gratifying to him that in the early settled places where he was best known in the early days of settlement, such as Mornington (the figures were: Downward 600, Dowling 100), Balnarring, Dromana and Flinders, he was easily first on the poll at the recent State election. It required a contingent of 36 Federal and State labour members to secure the return of Mr. Bond for the Glenelg by-election. Mr. Bond, aged 27 years, is the "baby" of the House. The day he was sworn in, members glanced back at Mr. Downward, "the father," and commented on how wonderfully well preserved he was for his age. During his long career he proved himself always a strong man; that is to say, one who will not allow himself to be "sat upon." His strength of character is shown to-day by the fact that if a composite Ministry were formed to-morrow on the defeat of the Labour Government, he would, as Deputy Leader of the Country Party, most certainly be a member of that Ministry. Mr. Downward's strong card is his ability to do the thousand and one things-big and little-for his electorate which is an obsession with some men, while it becomes a bore to most. Mr. Downward has been a sheep farmer and grazier all his life. He owns 2500 acres in the Tuerong, Dro mana and Balnarring districts. When explaining, as a Minister, one night the provisions of a Bill in connection with live stock, he made the remark that, speaking financially, the sheep carries Australian on its back," as no less than �50,000,000 was the result of last year's wool clip for Australia. We see how true,was that remark! (P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 1-10-1934.
)
Alf's property in Mornington was called "Redwood".
Excerpt from my THE FEMALE DROVER; A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC.REDWOOD AND REDGUM FLATS.
Although I had set Three Chain Rd as the western boundary of my area of research, the female drover brought Dalkeith into the equation and there have been other links involving James Firth�s apprenticeship to Jenkins, the Mornington blacksmith, as well as the movement toward the bay of H.B.Slaney and Gillett�s home on Sunnyside.
The link on this occasion is Alf Downward, who as the local Member of Parliament, would have been asked to support Moorooduc residents in their bid for better infrastructure at the station. Rye residents called on his assistance often but unfortunately their history calls him Mr Downard. The Downwards were grantees of much land near the Moorooduc boundary in the Tubbarubba area of the parishes of Balnarring and Kangerong. Alf had also acquired land at Mornington fronting the highway and Wilson Rd, which extended to about Wills St and included house blocks on the south east side of Adelaide St.
This land, crown allotment 47 of section 22, consisting of 40.1.2, had earlier been granted to T.W.Birmingham and F.Prickman (yes, that�s right!) It was then sold in 10 acre lots at various intervals with Alf being the successful bidder in each case. Alf called his house Redwood. (Joan Downward.)
Crown allotment 48, of 48.2.12, between Redwood and Strachans Rd was granted to A.B.Balcombe of The Briars. Ten acres of this had obviously already been sold when his executor and executrix had it advertised for auction in the Argus of 22-11-1877, with a statement that it was known as the big hill.
The Downward house block was between Downward and Adelaide Sts and was the remaining 10 acres, occupied by the elderly Miss Downward and Ivy Pitt; two streets were named after these sisters. When this was sold, the site of the kindergarten at the end of Downward St went to council under the 5 percent open space subdivision requirement.
Developers wanted to lop the old Redwood trees to maximize their profits but local residents protested and the Shire of Mornington had them heritage�listed. At that time a Government expert, probably a botanist, contacted Harry Downward (Joan Downward�s husband), to confirm his suspicion that these Redwood Gums (their proper title) had been planted by Alf Downward. He said that these trees had not been known to grow anywhere south of Frankston. Harry did not know for sure and there the matter rested.
Now back to allotment 48. It is not known whether the 38 � acres had been sold in 1877 but it was again advertised on 25-3-1882. This time it was stated that the land was known as Red Gum Flat. It is likely that the description of its name in 1877 was wrong and resulted from confusion with another Balcombe lot on Balcombe�s Hill.
The fact that two adjacent allotments had names referring to red gums indicates that they were common to both properties. Therefore it is reasonable to assume that the red gums on these two properties were there before the arrival of the white man, making their heritage status even more important. There must have been something special about the location for an oasis of Red Gums to develop among the prevalent she-oak, wattles etc. If one of the trees has to be cut down due to disease etc, such a tragedy should be used to determine its age.
SEE ARTICLE FROM PENINSULA WIDE OF APRIL 2004 ON NEXT PAGE.



DOWNWARD Herbert 1916-19. (1915-20 according to BB&M.)
(P.193 NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE by Mary Karney.) Herb Downward's nickname was "Poley".
Herbert St in Mornington is named after Herbert Downward.(Joan Downward.)
At the Downward property near the north of the parish of Balnarring, Herb Downward used to burn off every year and his fires would often get out of control, forcing John (Peter) Shand and his stepson, Percy Huntley to abandon fruit-picking in favour of preserving their orchard. (Mary Carney-Golden Plains Tubbarubbarel?)

Herb Downward was also a Shire of Mornington councillor from 1919 to 1930 and was president in 1922 and 1929. In 1929, he won the state seat of Mornington that Alf had held, but was defeated after one term. Herb loved horse racing and seemed to have been on the committee of every local club and even Pakenham. He became a life member of Mornington in 1951.





EVANS Keith Malcolm Valentine 1969-81

FARNSWORTH John Nepean 1897-9
John Farnsworth from Adelaide was contracted to build the Sorrento Hotel. He later built the Nepean Hotel for James Ford and married Ford's daughter, Ann Elizabeth. He lived in a house next to the Nepean Hotel and also at Wannaeue, which I take to mean the Wannaeue Estate between Eastbourne Rd and Hiscock Rd on the east side of Boneo Rd. Their son, John Nepean Farnsworth, married Catherine Elizabeth Newton and their son, John James, born in 1906, lost a son but three of his daughters survived.
John Nepean farmed at Portsea and had a horse-drawn transport business. When he died as the result of an accident, Catherine's uncle, William Edward Newton took over the business,changed to motor transport and built the Portsea garage. (LLL 118.) When the Peninsula Football League resumed after W.W.2, the president, Mr Gloury, paid tribute to the contributions of eleven men, including Walter Stringer and Bill Newton of Sorrento, in developing the league.

FORBES Alexander 1920-2
Council news in the 1920's was very limited (Trove)and I have found little regarding Cr Forbes. I think I've found the right family.

FLINDERS SHIRE COUNCIL. Saturday, June 2, 1923. Present: - Crs. Buckley, Shand, Forbes, Wettenhall, Shaw, Holland, and J. L. Brown.

Mr Forbes has purchased Mr Smith's interest in the farm sold to them by Mr Charles O'Brien. On this property a splendid crop of potatoes has been grown.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-5-1911.)

A.D.Forbes was mentioned in the Mornington Standard in regard to the Balnarring Football Club by 8-3-1911 and the family was much involved in the cricket club with A.D.Forbes serving as secretary.
CRICKET. ASSOCIATION RULES. (To the 'Editor.) Sir,-It, has been reported that no player in "A" grade shall play with "B"' grade, after the third round of 'B": , grade matches;' This is printed in the card of 1930-31, rules and fixtures. At the annual meeting of the N.P.C A. on 7th September, 1930, the following was carried by a majority of delegates present: "Our rule 15 shall read: .'No player in A grade shall play with B grade after the first round of A grade matches.' " It has been reported that certain members of the executive took it upon themselves at an executive meeting on '14th September, 1930, to rescind the motion as passed on 7th September,1930, at annual meeting and inserted in the fixtures the rule as now printed. This practice is illegal, as any rules passed at an annual meeting cannot be rescinded except by special meeting of delegates called for that purpose.---Yours etc., A. D: FORBES, Hon. Sec. Balnarring C.C. C. J. EELES, Hon. Sec. R.H.C.C. "Airlie," Merricks, Oct. 13, 1930.(P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-10-1930.)
(Eeles had coached Red Hill to its first premiership in 1924 if I remember correctly.)

Cr. Keast then congratulated Seaford upon their victory, regretting the absence of the ever popular player, Mr. D. Kennedy, through illness. He sympathised with Bittern; who were also unfortunate in being a man short. He also complimented Balnarring on winning the "B" premiership and paid a tribute to the skill and ability of their captain, Mr. Forbes. ((P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 9-5-1931.)

HASTINGS COURT. BICYCLES WITHOUT LIGHTS. At Hastings Court on April 24, be fore Messrs. J. M. Watt, A. J. Allen, I. Overton and H. L. Knox, J's.P., Edward James Burgess of Hastings, Frank T. E. Smith of Bittern, Alex. Forbes of Merricks, John Charles Woodier of Balnarring and Ernest John Trench of Bittern, were pro- ceeded against for having ridden bicycles on public highways at night, without lights.
(P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 9-5-1931.)

In light of the address given above for Alex Forbes, I tried coupling forbes and bittern in my trove search. Most of the articles involved cricket and soon I formed a suspicion that Forbes had transferred from Bittern to Balnarring in the mid 1920's. And minutes later I found this report of a Tyabb v Bittern game!

(Tyabb) Total 79. Bowling:-Frank Allen 5 for 20, Eeles 5 for 48. BITTERN. Ted Buckley, b Fred. Mills 2 J.Huntley, b Fred Mills 7 Cr. Forbes , b Longmuir 4 P, Vansuylen b Fred Mills 8 Frank Allen b Slocombe 28 Eeles, c H.Denham, b Slocombe 20 C. Greenfield, b. Longmuir 8 F. Brown, b Longmuir 2 M. Mills not out 7 B. Stanbury, run out 2 F. Stacey c and b Slocombe 3 Sundries 6 Total 91.
(P.5, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 3-2-1922.)

I thank the person who submitted the result for indicating that player Forbes was a councillor.It was most likely A.D.Forbes but could have been A.G.Forbes. A.Forbes was probably too young at the time as were D.Forbes, who later won the B Grade batting average (P.5,Frankston and Somerville Standard,20-9-1930), A.D.Forbes Jnr and N.Forbes. It is easy to see why Red Hill recruited Eeles as its captain-coach in 1924.
No more need for guesswork; the councillor was A.D.Forbes.
At the last meeting of the Shire Council Councillor A.D.Forbes of the East Riding and Councillor J.L.Brown of the West Riding announced their intention of not seeking re election. The president (Councillor Macfarlan) and other councillors expressed regret at the announcements. In the Central Riding Councillor Wettenhall is opposed by Mr Holland of "The Rest" Flinders,and the contest is likely to be very keen.
(P.14, Argus, 17-8-1923, BALNARRING.)

BALNARRING BUSH FIRE BRIGADE. HAMPERED BY LACK OF FUNDS. BUT DOING GOOD WORK The annual meeting of the
Balnarring Bush Fire Brigade, was held in the Balnarring Hall on Thursday last, and the election of officers resulted: President, Mr. Boadle; vice-presidents, Mr. T. Cole and Mr. J. Meehan; secretary and treasurer, Mr. H. Cubitt; auditor, Mr. K. D. Boadle; committee, Messrs. Buckley, L. Cole, Forbes, Myers, Edwards, Crow, Cav- anagh; captain, Mr. T. Cole; lieutenants, Messrs. Myers, Forbes, Buckley and Boadle.
(P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 28-1-1933.)

Ninety one year old Bill Huntley tells me that the Forbes property was about two miles from Fenton Hall on the west side of Merricks Rd. He mentioned that the farm was on Stanleys Rd and looking at my Balnarring parish map, I see that J.Smithwas granted 254 acres, crown allotments 78B2 and 54A, on 4-5-1885. This land is indicated by Melway 191 pt J, K 3-4 and 192A 3-4.

FORD William B. 1875-83.
William was born in 1846, the eldest son of James Sandle Ford and Hannah, the daughter of Dennis Sullivan.
William was the first chairman of the Kangerong Road Board so his involvement in municipal affairs was much longer than it seemed, if Charles Hollinshed has not made a mistake*. As he died at about 48, he might have had a disease that caused retirement as a councillor. He was buried at Quarantine where his mother's family had its lime kiln and house until 1852.(LLL 121.)

*There is little information about the members of the first Kangerong Road board. Charles Hollinshed could only presume that the board was elected at the first meeting to form it at Peter Nowlan's house. No member of the Ford family was among the six who stood for the three seats at the election. As I try to make sense of what I write, I had doubts about William Ford not only being elected at the age of about 17, but being elected chairman of the road board. It seems that the board took a while to get into action, as happened earlier with the Mt Eliza and later with Flinders. So a notice was inserted by Robert Anderson of Barragunda in December, 1864.
KANGERONG ROAD BOARD.-Notice Is hereby given, that an ELECTION for two MEMBERS of tho Kangerong Road Board will take place on Saturday,-December 3, at tho office of tho Board, Dromana, and that the following gentlemen have been duly nominated in accordance with tho provisions of tho Local Government Act:-Robert Caldwell, John Creighton, (sic, Crichton) and James Ford, Jun. ,Esqrs. Poll to open at 8 a.m., and close at 4 p.m.
ROBERT ANDERSON, Returning Officer. Road Board Office, Dromana, Nov. 26,1864.
(P.8, Argus, 1-12-1864.)

The Ford genealogy in LIME LAND LEISURE does not mention James Sandle Ford having a son named James, only William and Alfred. Is this wrong or did Anderson make a blue? The 1864 rates list Edward Ford, leasing a house and 6 acres,and a shop (at Boneo) from John Barker,James Ford a 5 roomed house and 720 acres (the Wannaeue Estate), James Ford Jnr 260 acres at Eaton Hill**, and Joseph Ford a hut and 272 acres, all in the Wannaeue Division(east of Government Rd, Rye.) It looks as if the memory of Charles Hollinshed's informants slipped a gear!

** The 260 acres at Eaton Hill(13A and B, Wannaeue) was at Melway 171 B-F 9 and the top half of B-F 10, with Davos St indicating the north east corner and Gardens Rd the western boundary.The name of Eaton Hill came about because of Watson Eaton's 150 acre selection at 190 D1; the untrained doctor would have made many trips up and down the hill to attend patients living to the south before his death resulting from a fall in 1877.

James Ford Jnr lost the above election but gained a seat anyhow. It seems certain that the teenaged William Ford was not the first Chairman of the Kangerong Road Board but it seems that an older brother was a member.
KANGERONG DISTRICT ROAD BOARD.

I horeby declare Messrs. R. WATKIN and G. M'LEAR elected members of this board without opposition; and I further declare Mr.JAMES FORD, Jun., ELECTED a member of this board without opposition, to fill the extraordinary vacancy caused by the forfeiture of Mr. Caldwell's seat from non-attendance.
JAMES PURVES, Returning Officer. Road Board Office, Dromana, August 9,1866.

(P.8, Argus, 11-8-1866.)

At this time (circa 1880) William owned and resided on the Wannaeue Estate between Rosebud and Boneo, consisting of 661 acres 1 rood and 22 perches, being crown allotments 8-11, section A, Wannaeue. As a returning officer for the West Riding he was to be contacted there (advertisements.) The estate was bounded by Eastbourne Rd, Jetty Rd (and 400 metres of Old Cape Schanck Rd), an unmade government road which ran between the south end of the Rosebud Country Club's frontages to Boneo and Old Cape Schanck Rds(jokingly called Hiscock Rd west of Boneo Rd), and Boneo Rd on the west. The 167 acres (nearly) between Eastbourne Rd and Besgrove St was granted to Henry Reynolds and the rest to James Ford. (See Melway map 171.) See RAPER for more details of the Wannaeue Estate.

While a councillor and living on Wannaeue Station, William Ford had a famous cook! I was reminded of this while watching "High Tide", a history of the British navy.
It is not generally known says the Argus, Melbourne, of the 19th, that one of those who took part in the celebrated naval duel in 1813 between the English frigate Shannon, 36 guns, and the American frigate Chesapeake, 50 guns, is living in the colony in hale and heartv health. His name is Thomas Salmon, and he will be 8O years of age next month. He is employed as cook on the station of Mr. Ford, at Wannaeue, between Rye and Dromana. He appears to be likely to do a good day's work for several years to come, and is only too willing to relate the particulars of the naval confliction in which he was concerned. He narrates with great gusto the fact that it only took them in the Shannon 30 minutes to polish off the Chesapeake ; and speaks with some pride of the circumstance that Captain Broke, of the Shannon, and his first lieutenant, were the first to cut their way through the boarding nettings on to the Chesapeake's deck, when the boatswain piped "boarders away." The old man has a most thorough contempt for the present style of ironclad men-of-war, which he refers to as
"iron pots." The old salt is a "character," and is always ready to spin a yarn relative to his adventures afloat or in the bush.
(P.11, The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser,24-2-1877.)

GALVIN Daniel Joseph 1979-
GORRIE George Dingwell 1959-60

GOSS William Henry J.P. 1928-47
William Joseph Croad began building houses, shops etc at Sorrento in 1895, often sub-contracting to Goss and Johnson.(LLL115 CROAD) Noel Goss wrote the epilogue for LIME LAND LEISURE.
What can we find out about the Goss family?

BACK IN CIVVIES.
PENINSULA.-L. A. Morton (Sorrento), E. H. Goss (Sorrento), H. S. Stringer (Sorrento), C. S. Kirwood (Sorrento), J. Neighbour (Queens cliff), K. L. Butler (Queenscliff), G. T. Rodderick (Queenscllff), J. Boykett (Sorrento), F. A. Bright (Sorrento).(P.7, Standard, Frankston, 24-1-1946.)

A CHURCH SITE. TO THE EDITOR. Sir,-Kindly grant me space in your valuable columns to correct some of Mr Coppin's figures in his letter in your issue of February 25, in con- nection with St. John's Church. Sorrento. He says '"a vote was taken three or four years on the church, question, when 22 qualified members voted," &c. The correct number is 21. For the removal of the church 7. against 14, giving a majority of 2 to 1 against moving the church. He also says "the majority included one large family." The largest, number of any family who voted was 3, and if their votes were taken away, and the votes of the largest family on the opposite side were taken away, and then compared, there would be 5 for, 11 against, which is even a greater majority than 2 to 1. Again, he says, " by a majority of 4 votes we compel our visitors ,to walk nearly two miles in going to church." Well, I fail to see where that comes in, seeing'that the church is only half a mile from the post office.- Yours, &c., W. H. GOSS, Secretary, - St. John's Church, Sorrento.
(P.5, Mornington Standard, 1-4-1905.)

SORRENTO.Master John Goss, of Portsea, a pupil at Sorrento State School, gained the position of Traralgon, being the fifth highest in marks amongst competitors in Victoria. Master Goss is fourteen years of age.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 12-8-1905.)

Football. On Saturday last the Portsea Rovers and the Sorrento Football Clubs met on the ground of the latter to take part in the time-honored sport which was spoilt unavoidably by the severe weather. Morse captained the Sorrento and Keys maintained the same position on behalf of the Portsea. The last-named club included also the Artillerymen stationed at Franklin. Lee, Hunter, Power, and Morgan of the V.A. played for Port- sea Rovers. The match was very even from the bounce of the ball to the ring of the bell, which showed the following results- Portsea 3 goals 10 behinds Sorrento 1 ,, 4 ,, For the Portsea-McCormack, Lee, Hunter, Morgan, Power, Thompson, Goss, and Keys played well ; and Morse, White, Dark, and Sutton, did likewise for the Sorrento. Goal kickers, Morgan 2 and Goss for Portsea, and Morse for Sorrento.
(P.4, Queenscliff Sentinel, Drysdale, Portarlington and Sorrento Advertiser,28-7-1894.)

The following is a brief part of an article about the building boom in a fascinating Peninsula Supplement.

Behind the expansion of building in the peninsula lies the story of remarkable progress by Mr. Edmund Goss, principal of E. H.Goss. Mr. Goss; a comparatively young man with wide experience in the building industry, set up his organisation only after the end of World War II, in which he served in the A.I.F.
In the early post-war years he was beset with many difficulties, including a chronic shortage of materials.In spite of the short supply. of labor he insisted on quality in construction work from the beginning.
E. H. Goss now has many important buildings to its credit, including large extensions to St. Mary's School for the Deaf, Delgany, Portsea. Local labor was trained in the matching of hand-carved Mt. Gambier stone in this work.(P.27, Argus, 7-1-1954.)

Mr W. A. Goss, of Portsea, returned on Tuesday last from his trip to Queensland, and he seems to have greatly benefited by it. (P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 25-7-1908.)

A cricket match was played last Saturday between the Sorrento and Dromana (schools?) Sorrento 83, Dromana 8 wickets for 75. W. and J. Goss, 10 each. batted well for Sorrento, whilst Douglas Chapman 21, and Willie Clydeadale 20, did good service for the opposing team.(P3, Mornington Standard, 22-3-1902.)

Having noticed corrections to the trove digitisation, specifically in relation to the Goss family, let's just await the Goss Family History for the rest!

While consulting the ratebooks about Hurley, I recorded the following from the 1908-9 rate book, which might indicate the first members of the Goss family in Sorrento. Frederick Goss was assessed on one lot and building at Portsea, nett annual value 12 pounds. William Henry Goss had six lots at Portsea with a house on one (nett annual value of 30 pounds) and two others with buildings.

We regret to state that Cr. W. H. Goss, a member of the North Riding of Flinders Shire, is still not in good health. He has been ill for a long time, and his pleasant smile is missed from Council meetings.
(P.7, Standard, Frankston, 19-6-1947.) (I'm not sure about the names of the Ridings post 1920, but I'm sure Sorrento/Portsea wouldn't be in the North Riding if it had been taken out of the West riding.)



GREAVES Arthur 1938-47

GRIFFITHS Edwin William 1971-

GRIFFITH(Sx) John Calvin 1887-1902
It was very common for the family's surname to be written as Griffiths but it was definitely Griffith. Colin McLear wrote quite a lot about the family in his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and there are photos of the councillor,his wife and their son Albert on page 71. John's father, Abraham, was a Quaker from Philadelphia in Pennsylvania and the master of a whaler. Abraham settled on Jamieson's Special Survey in 1855 and farmed with the Eaton brothers who had probably come out with him.

Watson Eaton continued to farm with Abraham but his brother, Bernard, spent decades on the goldfields, at one stage owning a "Race" at Creswick, before returning in the late 1880's to mine on the Tubbarubba diggings. Watson did not marry but two of Bernard F.Eaton's children were Maude (who never married) and Benjamin who worked at a very early Dromana library. Colin McLear believed that Watson Eaton had partly completed a medical degree in America but he testified at an inquiry that he had never attended university or received medical training. His death in 1877, as the result of a fall while riding to a patient, led to efforts to obtain a doctor for Dromana. A marble memorial to Watson, extolling his services as Dromana's doctor, was in the Presbyterian Church for over 80 years and is now in the Dromana Museum.

As Mr. Eaton of Kangerong was on his way to Flinders to a sick person, the young horse he was riding suddenly commenced bucking, throwinging Mr. Eaton, who fell heavily to the ground fracturing his leg near the ankle. He lay helpless for some time, but at last succeeded by cooeying in attracting the attention of a Mr -- ner, who soon got assistance, and conveyed him to his home. Having considerable skill in setting fractured limbs, he directed the operation himself. We hear that he is progressing favorably, but since it was a bad fracture he will probably be laid up for some time, which will be a loss to the district as he is a most useful man in cases of sickness ever ready and willing to go to any part of the district.
(P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 24-10-1877.)

We regret to learn that Mr. Eaton of Kangerong, who recently had his leg broken through being thrown from his horse, is not progressing so favour ably as could be wished. He was conveyed to the Hospital on Sunday, and it is doubtful if the limb will be saved. ((P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 14-11-1877.) i.e. WATSON.

DROMANA. MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MEETING.
Mr M. Donnan tendered his resignation of the office of librarian, and it was decided to offer the position to Mr Eaton.(p.2, Mornington Standard,.)i.e. BENJAMIN.

PART OF A REPORT BY GOVERNMENT GEOLOGIST REGINALD A.F.MURRAY ON THE TUBBARUBBA DIGGINGS.
is not sufficient to justify a rush at present, those on the ground being enough to test it. At the same time I may indicate the advisability of further prospecting on the continuation of the north-easterly belt of silurian country, well extending from Eaton's Gully to Tubba Rubba,etc.(P.1, Mornington Standard, 22-6-1893.)
i.e. BERNARD.


Abraham Griffith's wife, Rebecca, was Watson Eaton's executor and received the grant for 150 acres (that Watson had settled before his death) fronting Arthurs Seat Rd west of Eatons Cutting Rd(Melway 190 D1) on 27-3-1879.A tender for road making referred to Eaton's Hill, probably the Mornington Flinders road.

IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA In its Probate Jurisdiction -In the Estate of ABRAHAM GRIFFITH, late of Dromana, in the Colony of Victoria, Farmer, Deceased, Intestate - Notice is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from tho publication hereof application will be made to tho Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, in its Probate Jurisdiction, that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of tho abovenamed Abraham Griffith be granted to Rebecca Griffith, of Dromana aforesaid, the widow of the said deceased
Dated this sixth day of February, A D 1878
WISEWOULD and GIBBS, 61 Wllllam street, Melbourne, proctors for the said Rebecca Griffith.

IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA In its Probate Jurisdiction -In the will of WATSON EATON, late of Dromana, in the Colony of Victoria, Farmer, Deceased -Notice is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from tho publication hereof application will be made to the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria. In its Probate jurisdiction, that PROBATE of tho WILL of the abovenamed Watson Eaton be granted to Rebecca Griffith, of Dromana aforesaid, tho executrix named in and appointed by the will of the said deceased.
Dated this sixth day of February, A D 1878

Flinders and Kangerong Shire. Correspondence.
From Mrs. R. Griffith, re arrears due for purchase of land required for road deviation purposes at Eaton's cutting. This letter was read at last meeting, and the secretary who was requested to look over the books, read an extract from the minutes of the council under date, 2th October 1890, from which it appeared that it was agreed to accept the offer of the late Mr. Eaton, which was that if not more than 5 acres be taken 10 would be accepted as full payment-on reference to a minute under date, October 1887, it was found that 16 13s 7d had been paid to Mrs. Griffith, and that 6 acres 2 roods 16 perches had been taken. Cr. Griffith said Mrs. Griffith had been paid for 5 acres at the rate of 3 per acre, leaving a balance unplaced for 1 acre 2 roods 16 .perches. The President-5 acres had been offered for 10 ; therefore the 1 acre 2 roods 16 perches, 5 13s 7d had been paid which was more than 9 per acre. Cr. Griffith, the late Mr. Eaton may have agreed to accept 10 for the 5 acres, but Mrs Griffith had been no party of this offer. The delay was very vexatious. It was decided to again postpone the matter, the secretary in the meantime to ascertain if there were any documents in existence in which the offer was made.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 7-12-1893.)

Cr Griffith was talking about his mother, but why was she called Mrs R.Griffith? Abraham had died in 1874 and it was the custom to use a wife's own given name once she became a widow; a high price to pay for the privilege! Rebecca died in 1898.

The district coroner held an inquest at Kangerong, on the 24th inst., on the body of a man named Abraham Griffiths, aged 58 years, a farmer residing at Kangerong. The deceased was seen about noon on the 27th February, driving a pair of quiet horses in a four-wheeled vehicle, on the road towards Dromana. About 3 o'clock on the same afternoon he was seen by a man named James Wiseman, standing by the side of a fence below Mount Martha. Tho body of the vehicle was close by, with the front wheels gone. Tho horses were about 50 yards off. Wiseman spoke to deceased, who did not recognise him. Seeing the deceased was hurt, Wiseman took him home. A sapling six inches in diameter had been broken by the vehicle. The vehicle was in good working order. William Potter, a constable stationed at Dromana, said that the clump of saplings was a most dangerous one. It was situated within the boundary of tho Mornington Shire. Watson Eaton, a partner of the deceased, said that the latter was able to go about for a few days after the accident. Deceased explained that the horses ran away with him down the hill, and that he could not keep them off the saplings. Mr. G. Dimock, a qualified sur- geon, attended the deceased from the 13th inst. He was then insensible, and was labouring under concussion of the brain. Ho died on tho 22nd inst. The jury found that tho deceased died from injuries received through being thrown out of a vehicle on the Point Nepean road. The jury were of opinion that the accident would not have occurred had the road at that place been in a proper state, and that the Mornington Shire Council have been guilty of gross negligence in allowing such dangerous obstructions to remain so long.
(P.6, Argus, 27-3-1874.)

Colin McLear has much detail about Abraham and Rebecca's three children who came to Australia and their children. As the book is available for loan and purchase, I will not repeat those details here. Colin's book was published after his death and the statement that John Calvin Griffith died in 1872 is a typo that has not been picked up.His sister, Athamecy, married George Bidgood and then George Elliman. John's brother,Jonah, known as Doan, married Sarah Sawyer. I will concentrate on presenting information about the councillor and his family that has not already been made available.

Doan's mother-in-law died at his house in Dromana.
RENOUF.-On the 15th July, at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Sarah, widow of the late Amice Renouf, Frankston, and dearly beloved mother of Mrs Jonah Griffith (Dromana), Mrs. John Hopcraft (Caulfield), Mrs. I. Sawyer (Neerim South), Mr. H. Sawyer ("Sylvan," Neerim Junction, Gippsland), Mr. J. Sawyer (Moorooduc), Mr. F. Sawyer (Bittern); grandmother of Mr. Alex Henry and his sister, Mrs. W. Martin (Mt. Eliza), aged 93 years. A colonist of 68 years. (P.13,Argus, 29-7-1916.)
The reason that Sarah Renouf's children had the Sawyer surname is that Sarah (nee Prosser) had married Isaac Sawyer. It is likely that Isaac Sawyer had died and his widow had remarried by 1887 when her grandson, John Renouf Sawyer was born and named. Henry Prosser and the Renoufs had been directors of the Frankston Fish Company. (See my Renouf journal.)

Mrs John Hopcraft- See the Sawyer land in Wannaeue.

Mrs Jonah Griffith.
I quote from page 69 of Colin McLears A Dreamtime of Dromana.
Jonah Griffith died on July 12, 1933, aged 83. He was married to Sarah Sawyer and had seven children.
1.Maud Alice 1871; 2. Edith Annie 15/11/1873-1953; 3.Delia Sarah 5/3/1874-1951
4. Gertrude 18/8/1876; 5. Sylvester Frederick George 1872 (1882?);
6. Harry Lewis Theobald 23/1/1885-27-3-1954; 7. Grace Dora 26/10/1889-1977.
Jonah, known as Doan, was a builder and a professional fisherman working closely with Harry Copp. He lived in Seaview Parade off Jetty Rd (Melway 159 H8).
Whoever supplied the details to Colin was obviously relying on memory. Edith Annie died in 1896, not long after her marriage. Smith -On the 10th inst., at Acland street St Kilda, Edith Annie, the dearly beloved wife of John Smith and second daughter of Jonah Griffith,Dromana. At rest.(P.1, Argus, 11-2-1896.)

THE SAWYER LAND.
Wannaeue.
In 1879 Frederick Sawyer was leasing 142 acres in the parish of Wannaeue from the Crown. There were only three Crown allotments of this size and Professor Hearn already had two of them. This left only 21B of 142 acres 3 roods and 1 perch, granted to Alex. Shand Jun. on 1-6-1909. This land is fairly well indicated by Melway 190 D9 and C-D10.
And guess who had the land north of his. John Hopcraft. Guess who had 178 acres (70 A and B, Balnarring) to the north and east of the start of Tucks Rd. William Hopcraft! Directly across the road (69A Balnarring) was Robert Henry Adams, whose gentlewoman wife, a Hopcraft girl, refused to live at Hopetoun House with the ungentlemanly old sea salt, Captain Henry Everest Adams. Both Frederick and Robert did not extend their licences and their land was granted, respectively, to Shand and M.Byrne. The Hopcrafts moved further south later and the Hansons occupied Williams beautiful house and called it Alpine Chalet.
In the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry of my PENINSULA DISTRICT HISTORY, I demonstrate how the bride and groom met each other. In most cases the two families were at some stage very close neighbours. Fred Sawyer was in 1879 the neighbor of John Hopcraft, the man that his sister married.

As stated earlier, John Calvin Griffith did not die in 1872. I have inserted additional information from Colin's book (using italics) in his death notice.
GRIFFITH-On the 9th October, at his residence, Dromana, John Calvin Griffith, dearly beloved husband of Mary Griffith, and father of John b.21-10-1873, d.26-12-1956, Evelyn b.28-3-1875, d. 23-3-1959(Mrs Shand), Florrie b.16-1-1877 (Mrs Heffernan, Wodonga), Albert b.12-9-1878, d.30-8-1964, Dramana blacksmith for many years , Mary Jane b.27-8-1881, d.19-10-1973, never married , Katie b.16-9-1883, d.8-6-1978 (Mrs Briggs,Wodonga), George Harris b.11-7-1885-1972 , Lily 1-11-1887, d. 1971 (Mrs Larkin), Wilfred Reuben b.1-12-1892, d. 1986 , Charles William b.23-8-1894, d. 1-5-1964, aged 80 years.

THE GRIFFITH LAND.(Extract from my DROMANA ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE.)
THE DUMMY BIDDER; NOT VERY NEIGHBOURLY! (Mornington Standard 27-4-1907 P.2.)
H.Griffith secured his homestead block of 205 acres to loud applause but the action of a Dromana man in forcing the bidding from 3 pounds to 5 pound per acre was regarded as an unneighbourly thing to do. People had great respect for the pioneers in those days so this dummy bidder (in both senses of the term) may have been given the cold shoulder by some of his friends for a while.

This homestead block was lot 9 in the subdivisional sale of the Clarke Estate on the Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Road.) Melway 160 H4 indicates the middle of lot 9, which was bounded on the south and east by Pt Nepean Rd. Its northern boundary is Pickings Lane with Bluestone Cottage indicating its north west corner. By 1919 it was occupied by the Littlejohn brothers of Red Hill.

From my Rates Transcriptions.
1864 and 1865. Abraham Griffith was leasing from Big Clarke on the survey: no details were given but his holding had a nett annual value of 35 pounds in 1864 and Walter Gibson's 249 acres lease in 1865 only had a nett annual value of 20 pounds.Watson Eaton had 100 acres, 20 cultivated, with a large house and garden in 1864 and by 1865 his lease from Big Clarke had become 210 acres, his house described as having four rooms.

1879.Rebecca Griffith was leasing 947 acres from Big Clarke's son and owned 150 acres, Kangerong, which was of course the late Watson Eaton's selection. Jonah Griffith, labourer, was leasing 50 acres from William John Clarke.

1900. John Calvin Griffith as assessed on 220 acres Kangerong and 1650 acres Kangerong. A lot of detail there!
The latter was leased from W.J.Clarke or his son Rupert Mr Rate Collector!

1910. Sarah Ann Griffith had one lot in Dromana, John Calvin Griffith 136 acres Kangerong and 205 acres (Clarke's), the latter having been bought in 1907; one or both had just been sold to J.Sheehan and George Higgins (the future Cr Higgens.) Jonah Griffith had one lot and building (railway estate.)
The railway estate was crown allotment 13 of section 1 Kangerong, which is bisected by Seaview Ave in which Jonah lived according to Colin McLear. It would not surprise me to find that the railway estate was declared circa 1888-1890 by Joseph Story, his widow, Eleanor or Cr Henry Clarke Story.

1920.Miss Maud Eaton had part of crown allotment 3 and buildings section 18, meaning the township of Dromana. Lot 3 had a frontage of 20 metres to McCulloch and Heales St, commencing 40 metres on the freeway side of Hodgkinson St. It had obviously been divided to allow a house block facing each street. The 1915-16 rates show that Maude's house fronted McCulloch St.
Mrs Sarah Ann Griffiths (sic) was assessed on lots 109-111 and lots 51,54 Railway Estate C/A 13, Section 1. I don't know why Sarah (nee Sawyer) was assessed because Jonah was supposed to have died in 1933.
Strangely, I can find no mention of John Calvin Griffith in Dromana, the rest of Kangerong or Wannaeue.

Ninety minutes of rate research failed to turn up any new property owned by John Calvin Griffith but some interesting discoveries were made.

Firstly, John Calvin Griffith's fourth child, Albert, (the blacksmith pictured in Colin's book) seems to have had his house and forge on lot 1 of section 16, Township of Dromana until 1914 when his surname was crossed out (assessment number 558.)This allotment, at the south east corner of Verdon and Ligar Sts had a frontage to the former of 40 metres and 36.75 metres to the latter.

Secondly, the 1911-12 rates still had Sarah Ann Griffith as the person to be assessed on 1 lot, 54, 55, Railway estate (which, I had pointed out above,was strange because Jonah was still alive.) The rate collector must have had trouble working out who she was and wrote a note in the occupation column: "Mrs Jonah".

Like the occupation column, the OWNER column was invariably not filled in (and when it was it was often wrong) so there is no way to tell from the rates whether the sale of the old Griffith homestead block (lot 9, Clarke's of 205 acres) to John Sheehan and George Higgens went ahead or fell through. However John Senior and John Junior Griffiths(sic)were assessed on the property until 1916-17, when in assessment 652, their names were crossed out and F.J.Littlejohn substituted.

I spent about an hour scanning the 1917-18 records to find new property owned by John Calvin Griffith but my eyes (not helped by the rate collector's watered-down ink) finally gave out. No wonder the rate collector had to dilute his ink; Jonah's wife had been assessment number 650-1 in 1916 and in 1917 she was number 1598/9. To make matters worse re my search, there were no headings for the various subdivisions that had so increased the number of ratepayers.

Thus there are two lingering questions. Where was John's residence in Dromana when he died in 1927?
What was the maiden name of his wife, Mary Jane? I may never find the answers but the quest will produce more discoveries, such as:

RENOUF. In loving memory of my dear mother,Sarah Renouf, who passed peacefully away 15th July, 1916 at Dromana.
A life made beautiful by kind deeds
A generous heart and hand for sorrow's needs
A smile that chastened grief by its warm flow,
A tear not for her own but others' woe
A presence making sunshine where she trod
Glad with the happy, resting now with God. -(Inserted by her loving daughter, S. A. Griffith, Dromana.)
(P.1, Argus, 15-7-1918.)

DROMANA. WEDDING CHIMES. CAIRNS - GRIFFITH. The wedding of Mr Douglas Cairns and Miss Grace Dora Griffith was celebrated on Wednesday, 30th inst., in the English Church in the presence of a large number of spectators. The church had been very tastefully decorated by the girl friends of the bride. A beautiful arch, near the
entrance, of white guelder roses and greenery, was very noticeable, while at the chancel the floral arch was decorated also with white horse shoes and a wedding bell. The Rev. Rodda (Sorrento) was the officiating
clergyman, and the musical part of the ceremony was in the hands of the church organist, Miss Townsend, and Miss E. Edwards. At the close of the ceremony, wedding breakfast was served to the relations and a few very close friends of the young people at "Rose Villa," and in the evening, Mr and Mrs J. Griffith entertained a considerable number of guests. The bride looked very winsome in a dainty dress of cream silk-bordered voile, with trimmings of cream satin, and wore the customary wreath and veil. Her bouquet of garden crematis and maiden hair tied with cream satin ribbon looked very light and pretty. The bride's travelling dress was laven- der serge with salmon pink silk trimmings, and she wore a very handsome Southern Cross gold pendant, the gift of the bridegroom. Miss May Cairns, first bridesmaid, was gowned in cream poplin with saxe blue trimmings, and Miss Beatrice Cairns wore cream silk. The bridesmaids carried beautiful floral crooks decorated with pink roses and blue ribbons, and they wore pretty gold brooches, the gifts of the bride groom. Mrs J. Griffith (mother of the bride), wore a dress of silver grey silk with black silk trimmings.- Mrs Cairns (mother of bridegroom), was gowned in black sicillian relieved with white silk front. Mr Alex. Henry acted as best man. The presents were very numerous, and the following is the list received : Mrs S. Renouf (grandmother of bride)-silver butter dish ; Mrs Baldry (grandmother of bridegroom) -table cover and cushion ; Mrs J. Griffith (mother of bride)-occasional table and- house linen; Mr J.Griffith (father of bride) -cheque; Mr J. D. Cairns (father of bridegroom)-cheque; Mr D. Cairns-cheque; Miss Beatrice Cairns-cushion, d'oyleys and covers; Miss W. Bouris (Sydney) - fancy cushion cover ; Mr Rob. Dyson - historical plaque; Mr and Mrs J. Dyson -sugar basin and butter dish; Mr Jas. Cairns cheque; Mr and Mrs A. Griffith - Duchesse set ; Mr Talbot supper cloth ; Miss M. and Master T. Hazledine - salad bowl ; Mr J. McLear-pickle jar; Mr W. Martin -pair silver and cut glass peppers; Mr R. Baldry - kettle; Mr and Mrs Joyes -salad bowl and jam dish; Misses McKeown -set of vases; Mr and Mrs Edwards-table linen; Mr and Mrs Brindle--silver and crystal pickle jar ; Miss N. Singleton-fruit dish ; Miss M. Dyson - decanter; Miss K Townsend-plaque ; Miss M. McLear -pair vases ; Mr J. McLear -fruit dish; Miss M'Ilroy- sugar jar,; Mrs J. Cairns (mother of bride groom)-tea set and tray ; Miss Moat - tray cloth ; Miss H. McLear -glass dish ; Mr J. Griffith-salad bowl; Misses Adams--set of vases ; Mrs J. McLear-set of jugs ; Miss E. McLear -celery bowl ; Mr A. R. Cairns-lamp;' Mrs Ellis-table centre and mantel drape ; Mr S. Ellis-travelling bag ; Miss G. Chapman - powder box; Mr W. Fox-vase ; .Mr A. Henry silver teapot ; Mrs and Miss Martin -water jug and goblets; Mr A Christie - oil painting ; Miss M. Cairns-handsome eight day clock; Miss Nicholson - vases, d'oyloys, covers ; Mr Richards- vases and tea pot; Miss E Griffith-silver jewel case; Mr and Mrs H. Griffith-silver jam dish; Mrs Warren-silver toilet dish; Miss Noble-box of handkerchiefs; Mr R. Clydesdale-sugar basin; Mr and Mrs A. Clydesdale pair vases; Misses Edwards-silver jewel case; Miss C. Edwards-silver cruet ; Mr J. Boag- bread fork ; Mr J. and Miss M. Counsel-jardiniere; Mrs G. B. Wilson-set of fruit dishes.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 16-11-1912.)

A FEW NOTES ON THE ABOVE. The article is rather lengthy but contains so much information that a 100 page history could be written about it. As I have so many unfinished journals, I have resisted the temptation but I will make a few points.

Doug probably met the bride through his best man, Alex. Henry, who, as Sarah Renouf's death notice shows, was her grandson. Bill Huntley, while telling me that Doug Cairns always wanted to buy "Seven Oaks" near Craig Avon Lane, mentioned that he lived at Mornington and mixed in artistic circles, becoming a great mate of young Arthur Boyd. This Doug was most likely the son of the bride and groom as Arthur was born in 1920. While Arthur became a resident of the peninsula, and started his great career, at the age of 16 while living at 62 Rosebud Pde with his grandfather for three years, his parents were known to have done many paintings near Mornington and elsewhere on the peninsula earlier. Young Doug and Arthur may have played together as toddlers while Merrick and his wife painted.

Mr Brindle was a decorator and moved to America. His son, whose name I cannot recall, was about 12 at the time and many decades later produced, entirely from memory, a map of Dromana showing where everybody lived, the exact location of all the fairways on the first Dromana Golf Course (the second being at Safety Beach with the clubhouse remaining at the north west corner of Seaview Pde and Dromana Ave)and other fantastic detail. The Dromana Historical Society, whose museum in the Old Shire Hall is open at Sundays 2-4 p.m. (but 10-12 during the summer holidays, at my suggestion, three days a week)has this map available for purchase. With such terrific memory and eye for detail, it is not surprising that he became a famous graphic artist whose work often graced the cover of Time Magazine. He did a Melba. A little girl named Nellie organised a concert so the Sorrento Cemetery could be properly fenced and when she became a famous international opera singer, adopted Melba as a name to show pride in her origins (her father designed the Exhibition Buildings because of which Stephen St in Melbourne was renamed.) Likewise the boy who had spent his childhood in Dromana took Melbourne as his first name.

Mr Martin was the head teacher at Dromana State School and encouraged sport and gardening, the school winning many awards for its garden during his tenure. It was probably John Calvin Griffith who gave the salad bowl. Grace Dora Griffith was the youngest child of Jonah and Sarah Ann Griffith, born in 1889. She would have been about 23 when she was married. Colin's book did not supply married names for any of Jonah and Sarah's children but did so for the councillor's daughters, such as Evelyn who became Mrs Shand. Albert Griffith married Mary Jane McLear which probably explains the numerous guests from the McLear family.

ROSEBUD. The local Mechanics' Institute is having a new floor put down, the contract having been let to Mr Don. Griffith, Dromana. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 8-7-1905.) So Colin was right when he said that Jonah was a builder/fisherman and was known as Doan. Whoever set the type probably thought that Doan was a spelling error and who could blame him!

OBITUARY MRS. SARAH GRIFFITH. Mrs Sarah Ann Griffith died at her residence, Dromana, on July 22, aged 86 years. She was a citizen of Dromana for 58 years. She leaves two sons and three daughters. The funeral took place on Friday, the remains being interred in the Dromana cemetery. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. H. Griffith, J. Griffith, T. Roberts and I. Cairns. The Rev. F. G. Hughes officiated at the grave. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr Hector Gamble.(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 31-7-1936.)

H.Griffith, who secured the old homestead block in 1907 and carried the coffin would have to be Harry Lewis Theobald Griffin the sixth child of Jonah and Sarah Ann, born in 1885.






GUEST James Vincent Chester 1971-2
The councillor was possibly the son of Dr J.V.Guest of Rye who had sold 60 of his wethers,courtesy of the Commonwealth Wool and Produce Co. Ltd. There is no known connection with Raymond Guest who, with his wife Alma, sold the western half of James Trueman's grant as the Almaray Estate.
60, Dr. J. V. Guest, Rye, to 15/2, av. 14/9: ((P.12, Argus, 30-1-1935.)

GUEST.-On the 11th December, 1931, at Lister Hospital, to the wife of Dr J. V. Guest - a son.
(P.1, Argus, 27-1-1932.)

HICKLING.Mr. and Mrs. H. W. HICKLING and Son desire to THANK all their friends for telegrams, letters of sympathy, and floral tributes tendered to them in their recent sad bereavement ; also Dr. J. V. Guest for his special care and untiring attention. (P.17, Argus, 19-3-1932.)

The surname Guest did not appear in the 1950 directory for Rye.



HAGGAR Arthur 1924-6

HAIG Andrew 1911-21
Extract from my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL.
HAIG 1919. In 1919-20, Andrew William Haig was assessed on 122 acres and buildings, crown allotments 17A and 17B, Kangerong. In 1910 Andrew and William Haig, farmers of Red Hill, were assessed on 190 acres in Kangerong. The Haig family was not assessed in 1900 and the only property of 190 acres was occupied by Henry Davey; I presume that this was H.P.Davey and the property was "Forest Lodge." I also presume that Forest Lodge mainly consisted of 23A and 23B of 156 acres granted to J.Davey and located at Melway 160 F-G 10-11, fronting Junction Rd.

17A and B Kangerong, granted to Francis Windsor, and located between Melway 191 A-B 2 and McIlroys Rd with the western boundary being a extension of Andrews Lane and the eastern being an extension of the eastern boundary of the Kindilan Society land.Therefore Red Hill's first cricket pitch, first used on 27-1-1923 in a match against Main Ridge and laid out on the property of Andrew Haig in McIlroys Rd (The Red Hill) would have been located at about 209 McIlroys Rd.
E.Haig was a member of the team which won the premiership the following season, playing at the Recreation Reserve.
Janet Wiseman and Andrew Haig were among the earliest players for the Red Hill Tennis Club which first played at Wildwood (Melway 190 G5) and then the recreation reserve.

See the RAILWAY OPENING entry re Cr Haig.
RAILWAY OPENING AT RED HILL. (Argus 3-12-1921, page 28.)
This detailed article adds a little to Sheila Skidmore's description of the opening in THE RED HILL. The correct pronunciation of the pioneering name is recalled by the spelling of "Mowatt's" Corner. H.P,Prossor was the President of the Coolstore Co-operative Co. and S.Holland was its Secretary. Andrew Haig was a Flinders Shire councillor. William Calder, Chairman of the C.R.B., told the crowd how much had been spent on the roads.

BITTERN-RED HILL LINE. OPENED BY MR. BARNES. Orchard Land Made Accessible.
In the presence of about 700 people, the cockspur railway line from Bittern to Red Hill was formally opened yesterday by the Minister for Railways (Mr. Barnes). So starts the article mentioned above. The ribbon that was cut by Mr Barnes was held by Mrs Haig,* a pioneer who had celebrated her 92nd birthday on the previous day, and little Mary Forrest, the youngest pupil at the quaint little concrete school at Red Hill.

Mr. Andrew Haig, of "Forest Lodge," Red Hill, was the only candidate nominated for the vacancy caused by the retirement of Cr T. Chapman, who did not seek re-election.(P.2 Mornington and Dromana Standard, 20-8-1910.)

Passing Of Early Settler.
THE LATE MR ROBERT HAIG.
The death has occurred at "Forest Lodge," Red Hill, of Mr Robert Haig, a former resident of Scott's Creek, at the venerable age of 86 years. The late Mr Haig lived for many years in the Heytesbury Shire and associated himself with all progressive move- ments of the early days, and in his passing the residents of Heytesbury recognise the loss of a sterling man, who had been of inestimable value to that locality, more especially in early pioneer work. Some nine years ago the deceased gentleman went to Red Hill and had enjoyed good health up to the time of his demise, which was directly due to heart failure, superventing upon an attack of influenza.
(P.2, Camperdown Chronicle, 17-7-1916.)

* HAIG.-On the 2nd July at Forest Lodge, Red Hill , Mary, relict of the late Robert Haig, and mother of John, William and Andrew, aged 93 years and 7 months. ((P.1, Argus, 5-7-1923.)

As can be seen from the above, Andrew was at Forest Lodge when he became a councillor in 1910. His parents died at Forest Lodge but they were most likely leasing its 190 acres to Joseph McIlroy who was assessed on 23AB (Forest Lodge), as well as 22AB (Littlebridge?) between Forest Lodge and McIlroys Rd, in 1919-20.

HALLAM Wallace Richard 1978-
HANSEN Barry James 1965-71

HEAD Alfred J.P. 1880-8
Extract from my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.
HEAD 1919 Bal.
Alfred Head was granted 71B, Balnarring, consisting of 116 acres 2 roods and 22 perches, on 5-5-1874.This allotment has a frontage of 1360 metres to the south side of Stony Creek Rd and 3346 metres to Mornington-Flinders Rd. On 26-5-1884, Alfred received the grant for 71A of 83 acres 1 rood and 18 perches on the north side of Stony Creek Rd and fronting Mornington-Flinders Rd, with frontages of 882 and 386 metres respectively.
The eastern and northern extents of the allotment are indicated by Pardalote Rise.

In 1919, Alfred Head seems to have been leasing 71B (116 acres) from the Jarmans. Norm Prossor (Sid Prossor's father and the son of Henry Prossor) had 43 acres of 71A and Wallace Jarman the remaining 40 acres. It is possible that Alfred Head in this case was Alfred Charles Head, only son of the 1874(or earlier) pioneer.

"Around Red Hill", the August 1902 article, referred to Alfred's property as Fern Valley*. Interestingly, it gives his name as A.C.Head so Charles was probably his second given name. Alfred had a 15 acre orchard but concentrated mainly on vegetables, mainly peas, beans and potatoes for which he finds a ready market at Sorrento in Summer. He also has success with his hay crops. (No doubt the hay went to Stringer's Store to be sold to cabbies who competed with Coppin's tranway for the Amphitheatre trade as well as conveying passengers along the White Road (Pt Nepean Rd) to Canterbury etc.) The Cairns of Maroolaba and the Pattersons of Final had this contract while they had a contact at the store, but Alfred may have had a more influential contract after whom Lentell Ave (Melway 157 A5) was named.
(* In his letter, in the capacity of Returning Officer, congratulating George McLear on his sixth successive election as F&K Shire auditor, Alfred gave his address as "Musk Creek". The two tributaries of Musk Creek start at Melway 190 F6 in the southern part of Joseph Pitcher's grant and join in Alf's 14A, flowing through Alf's 14B before emptying into Stony Creek on William Hopcraft's grant.

While researching THE FEMALE DROVER:A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC, I read in a heritage study that Alfred Head had leased Dalkeith Park (Melway 150 H8 to 151 C8), the farm later owned by Mr Vale whose daughter, Mrs Jackson, used the property for her equestrian event and race horses, hence Jackson's Hill climbing towards Range Rd from the Mornington turn off.

The Argus reports of sheep sales indicate that Head and Brady were occupying Dalkeith Park on 29-9-1897(P.7) and Alfred alone later (31-1-1900,P.5 and 5-8-1903, P. 8.) Why was Alfred in partnership with Brady? True, the Bradys' Mount Evergreen (Melway 190 A-B 9-10) was not far from Fern Valley (190 E-F 7-8 roughly) so they were neighbours. The Mornington Standard of 11-11-1897 has a marriage announcement on page 2 that explains the relationship between the two families.

Marriages. BRADY-HEAD. On Tuesday 2-11-1897 at Dalkeith Park, Mount Martha, Obadiah W.Brady, second son of the late Obadiah Brady of mount Evergreen, Rosebud, to Mary Elizabeth Rosetta, eldest daughter of Alfred head Esq., Fern valley, red hill.
And that contact at Stringer's Store (probably a highly valued customer, rather than an employee):
(Argus 7-12-1901, P.9.) Marriages. HEAD-LENTELL. on 19-11-1901 at St John's Church, Sorrento, Alfred Charles, only son of Alfred Head, Red Hill, Dromana, to Emma Mary, youngest daughter of James Lentell, Sorrento, late of Richmond.

Alfred Head was a councillor for the centre riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire by 1881 and was re-elected unopposed in 1886 (South Bourke and Mornington Journal 18-8-1886, P.3.) FULL DETAILS OF COUNCILLORS AND THEIR TERMS CAN BE FOUND IN LIME LAND LEISURE. Alfred was appointed to the Board of Advice for the centre riding of the Shire (Argus 11-7-1885 P.10.)

Alfred Head was one of the trustees of the Red Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church whose first services were held on 25-1-1885; interestingly, Nelson Rudduck was also a trustee. Sounds like a law-abiding, God-fearing, responsible man doesn't he? So I reckon the following might concern his only son, Alfred Charles.

(Mornington Standard 11-4-1908 page 2. LOCAL AND GENERAL. Dromana Court. At the last sitting before Messrs N (Nelson) Rudduck and G.(George) McLear J.P.'s, Mr Fulton, Shire Secretary, proceeded against Alfred Head of Red Hill for wilful damage to the road known as Eaton's Cutting by trailing timber or heavy material. Alfred was fined ten shillings and had to pay three pounds twelve shillings and sixpence in costs.

Two children from the Head family were enrolled at the State School when it opened in 1873 in the old schoolhouse at the end of Arkwells Lane.



HENDERSON George M. 1875-9
Excerpt from John Cain's memories (included at the start of this journal.)
The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated and constituted the shire of Flinders and Kangerong. In the following August in '75 all the members were disbanded; four candidates were nominated for three in the west riding and he (John Cain) was successful and has never been opposed since. His colleagues were Messrs W. B. Ford and Robert Anderson, the latter held the seat till three years ago (John Barker jun, S. Tuck, and Geo. Henderson centre riding), (David Mairs, Caldwell and Robert Wighton east riding).

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE Present:the President (John Barker junr.) Councillors McLear, Cain Anderson, Ford and Henderson. As had been anticipated considerable discussion ensued on the resumption of the question touching the action of councillor Henderson in interfering with the drains whereby his and the adjoining lands were completely submerged. A letter was read from Mr. Peddle, complaining of the damage done to his property through the water being diverted from its proper channel, and the outlet stopped up. Pointing out that the fact of Mr. Henderson being a Councillor rendered him more culpable in violating the law and, that if the Council did not take cognizance of his having done so it could not consistently prosecute for similar offences in future. Mr. Watkin also stated that he had and was still sustaining great injury from the same cause. The President thought that a reprimand would meet the case. Councillor, Anderson however. thought that Mr Henderson being a Councillor his infringement of the Act was more censurable; and, as great injury had been done to a great number of ratepayers, some stronger action should be taken in the matter. It was ultimately decided to reprimand Councillor Henderson, and a resolution to that effect was passed. The Secretary was in- structed to serve the notice requiring the re-opening of the drains in question.
(P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 31-7-1878.)

Nelson Ruddick (sic, Rudduck) v. G. M. Henderson ; 10, for money paid at defendant's request. Mr F. Stephen for plaintiff ; Mr Walsh for defendant. This case arose out of a drain being cut through the land of both plaintiff and defendant as recommended by Mr Muntz, the Engineer to the Shire, and to which the respective owners were to contribute, Mr Henderson's share being the amount claimed and which the plaintiff proved Mr Henderson had entrusted the plaintiff to pay for him, but which the defendant afterwards repudiated, as not being correct. After a brief hearing, in which the parties to the suit were examined, his Honor gave a verdict for the amount claimed and 5 10s. costs.(P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 16-2-1881.)

In order to make sense of the proximity of Henderson, Peddle, Watkins and Rudduck, the last three suffering from Henderson's drainage issues in the above two articles, some more rate research was needed. My first suspicion was that the incidents involved the Westernport area. However, the first shire rate record of 1875 showed that George Meldrum Henderson, butcher was assessed on 30 acres and a 3 roomed house in Dromana and 60 acres in Dromana . I suspect that the 60 acre property was crown allotment 12, section 1, Kangerong. Consisting of 60 acres 3 roods and 24 perches, this land, granted to Captain Ross,and bounded by Jetty Rd, Palmerston Ave, Mary St and Boundary Rd,became Spencer Jackson's Panoramic Estate. It is hilly and would have a tremendous run-off after heavy rain. It is across Palmerston Avenue from crown allotment 5 of section 1 of section 1. (More about crown allotment 5 later!)

There is no need to guess the location of the 30 acres, which being west of McCulloch St, actually was part of Dromana (Township); section 1 Kangerong was not and the post office was actually in the west corner of Foote St with much protest about it being moved closer to the pier later on.

These three suburban allotments in section E of the township were granted to G.M.Henderson on the dates shown below. C/A 5, 7 acres 3 roods 31 perches, granted 16-5-1876.
C/A 6, 8 acres 2 roods, granted 16-5-1876. The three roomed house was probably on one of these blocks.
C/A 7, 15 acres 2 roods 37 perches, granted 20-2-1883.
This gives a total of 31 acres and 28 perches but if the roods and perches were ignored, the total would be 30 acres. This land was bounded at the south end by Seawind Lane, Pindara Rd and McLear Rd (Melway 159 F12)and extended north to the present Arthurs Seat State Park.

By 1877, George was assessed on 114 acres Kangerong, a description used until 1884 when George was assessed on 137 acres Kangerong and 80 acres and buildings Wannaeue. The same property was assessed in 1885 but in 1886 George was only assessed on the 80 acres, this time described as being in Kangerong. I believe this land was in Wannaeue (across Pindara Rd from the 30 acres) but with such lack of certainty in the rate records, it would be a five week job to determine its location.

George Henderson was not the first or last to get rid of his flood by donating it to a neighbour. Back Road Bob Cairns did the same thing to Robert Henry Adams near the corner of Hove Rd and Bayview Rd (Hobson's Flat Rd)in about 1906, with William Hobley being wrongly blamed, Robert Anderson of Barragunda taking the side of Cairns and being ridiculed about his attempts to get back on council, and Robert Adams threatening Robert Cairns and his son with a shovel when they took a short cut. (Google "Hobson's Flat Road".)

As mentioned before, the future Panoramic Estate was across Palmerston Ave from Crown allotment 5, section 1, Kangerong. Consisting of 36 acres and 25 perches, it was granted to a speculator who obviously subdivided it. Alex Halen and John McLear had one acre blocks east and west of Carrigg St and Peter Pidota and Richard Watkins had 17 acres each. Watkins had built a 12 roomed house (yes, that's what the helpful rate collector called the Dromana Hotel!) by about 1857. Crown allotment 5 was bounded by the Esplanade (beach road), the Carrigg St/Kangerong Ave midline, Palmerston Ave and the Solander/Marna St midline. Lou Carrigg bought the Pidota 17 acre portion and the 34 acres became Spencer Jackson's Foreshore Estate in 1927.

Henry Pedder was a hotel keeper, so referring to the letter read to council, I had to assume he was running the Dromana Hotel for Watkins. But that's not what the rate records show. Newspaper articles refer to the Peddles at the Bay View and then the Royal Hotel at Hastings. Henry was assessed on 139 acres, Bittern in 1875 but by 1880, this had become 115 acres. Henry was granted 115 acres, being crown allotment 83A, Bittern on 24-3-1882. This had a 1268 metre frontage to Frankston-Flinders Rd and its queer eastern boundary can be seen faintly traced in Melway 164 H 2 and 3; the left half of Melway 164 H4 was part of 83A.

This was the most northerly part of the parish of Bittern east of Hendersons Rd and was in the Flinders and Kangerong Shire. Just across the Warringine Creek was Hastings (in the parish of Tyabb and Shire of Mornington of which Councillor Peddle was elected President in August 1879.)

Henry Peddle was only ever assessed in the east riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, never in the Centre Riding of which Dromana was a part. Therefore, I presume the letter read to council was written by Mr Pidota, a man much discussed in local histories but seemingly never in newspapers (perhaps because they never got his name right!) This would explain why Mr Watkin (sic) was also affected.

George Meldrum Henderson's last assessment was in 1886.

DROMANA. During the recent thunder storm a valuable cow belonging to Mr. Henderson,butcher of Dromana was killed by lightning. The animal was grazing in a small paddock on the side of Arthur's seat at the time the accident occurred. There is no doubt of death having been caused by the electric fluid ; the symptoms being unmistakeable.(P.3,South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 13-2-1878.)


Oh, Peter Pidota exists after all! The township boundary has just been mentioned in this entry.
A matter of considerable importance to a number of ratepayers of Flinders and Kangerong Shire came before the Council at the meeting on Saturday last. Mr. R. Watkins alleged that Councillor Henderson had made an opening from drain on public land so as to divert the water on to his own land thereby swamping his own land , submerging his neighbours' land, greatly to their detriment. Captain Pidoto also spoke of the serious damage done to his property by the action of Councillor Henderson. What action the Council mean to take is not yet known, but it would appear by the 400th section part 16 Local Government Act, that the Councillor 's liable to make good the drain so diverted. and to a penalty not exceeding 20.... A petition was presented by Councillor McLear; praying that the boundary of the present township of Dromana might be so extended as to include the jetty and other places of business. The petition was signed by a number of owners of land in the township, and also by nearly all the owners of land sought to be incorporated. Notice of motion was given for the consideration of the matter at the next meeting of the Council.
(P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 3-7-1878.)

THIS DAY Kirk's Bazaar
To Racing Men, Shippers for India, and Others
M'CULLOCH, CAMPBELL, and Co have received instructions from Mr Geo M Henderson, Dromana, to SELL by AUCTION, on Thursday, May 29, at twelve o'clock,The thoroughbred race mare Miss Jane by L L ,
by Touchstone out of Sunbeam, by The Hermit (imp ) She is half sister to the noted horse Flinders and Lady Somerville.(P. 2, Argus, 29-5-1879.)
Lady Somerville and Lord Somerville were owned by Alf Jones of the Almond Bush Stud at Somerville. He and Hodgins were two of the three Canadians who supplied wood to the "Liverpool" anchored well offshore in Canadian Bay.

Was this George's father?
HENDERSON -On the 1st inst., at Dromana, Victoria,
James Henderson formerly of Kirkcaldy, Scotland, aged 78 years. Home papers please copy.
(P.1, Argus, 20-1-1875.)
His mother?
The death occurred here on Tuesday of Mrs Henderson, a very old lady. Deceased had been ailing for a very long time,and was 82 years of age. She leaves behind a grown-up family, one of her sons living at present near Rosebud. The funeral took place at the Dromana cemetery, Mr Welling, the local Presbyterian minister, con- ducting the burial service.((P.2, Mornington Standard, 21-1-1905.)
The son was probably Lawrence Henderson who had 105 acres, 31CD, Wannaeue in 1900.This was granted to Dromana pioneer, John Townsend, and bounded by Hove Rd, Rosebud Pde, Waterfall Gully Rd and Bayview/Old Cape Schanck Rd.

DEATH. HENDERSON. - On 17th inst., at Dromana, Juliana Elizabeth Henderson, in her 83rd year. Relict of the late James Henderson, C.E., Glasgow. (P.2, Bairnsdale Advertiser and Tambo and Omeo Chronicle, 19-1-1905.)

Finally, I wonder if George was related to William Henderson after whom Henderson Rd (southern extension of Somerville's Jones Rd and Tyabb's Boes Rd) was probably named, who later moved to Frankston-Cranborne Rd.





HENDERSON Reginald David 1961-4
HERMAN Herbert Paul 1948-71

HIGGENS George J.P. 1928-44
George Higgens shares, with David McFarlan and Alf Downward the dubious honour of having the surname most often written wrongly by locals and the press, they being rendered as Higgins, McFarlane and Downard respectively. The 1919-20 ratebook shows that George's residence was in West Melbourne and that George was assessed on 75 acres and buildings of crown allotment 8 Kangerong of 116 acres(Melway 160 C11, bounded on the west by a southern extension of Collins Rd and coloured green.) Thomas and James Henry Howarth had the remaining 30 acres of c/a 8, which had been granted to George McLear. While looking for other information, probably in the parish of Balnarring, I discovered that George and MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY had been assessed jointly on another property, possibly near Bittern North, but I have not been able to find my note.
Postscript. The rate information has been found. In 1916-7, George, Jack and Joseph Nicholas Higgens were assessed on 20 acres lots 8, 3 Balnarring and 142 acres 89B, Balnarring. Their address was given as Pascoe Crescent, Essendon (which could have been Napier Crescent or Pascoe Ave off Woodlands St. The 20 acres is a bit vague, but the 142 acres was W.Bayne's grant, south of the Simpsons' Bayview. Bounded by today's Shoreham Rd, Pine Ave and Oceanview Ave, its depth is indicated by the kink in the latter.Melway 191 B11.)

George later built a house on Watson Eaton's selection at Melway 190 E2, just west of Eatons Cutting Rd and directly opposite the corner of Mornington-Flinders and Arthurs Seat Rds. This corner became known as Higgen's Corner.

Announcement: TO RESIDENTS OF RED HILL AND MAIN RIDGE BUS SERVICE WILL RUN BETWEEN DROMANA AND RED HILL - MAIN RIDGE - ARTHUR SEAT Connecting with the Morning and Evening Bus returning from Frankston and the Mid-day Bus leaving Dromana For Melbourne. DROMANA, RED HILL, MAIN RIDGE, ARTHUR SEAT BUS SERVICE (M. SHAW, Proprietor) Leaves DROMANA 10.35 a.m. 6.35 p.m. Leaves ERLANDSON STORE 11.10 a.m. 7.10 p.m. Leaves MAIN RIDGE P.O.11.30 a.m.7.30 p.m., Leaves ARTHUR SEAT 12.00 Noon. 7.45 p.m. Connects with Melbourne Buses at Moat's Corner.
- FARES - DROMANA to MAIN RIDGE 2/6 DROMANA to RED HILL SOUTH, HIGGENS' CORNER 2/- MOAT'S CORNER to RED HILL SOUTH; HIGGENS' CORNER. 1/6 MOAT'S CORNER to MAIN -RIDGE 2/- MOAT'S CORNER to ARTHUR SEAT 3/- RED HILL to DROMANA 2/- MAIN RIDGE to DROMANA 1/6 ARTHUR SEAT to DROMANA 1/-.

The respect in which the late George Higgens was held is illustrated by the letter from "Ratepayer" in the Jarman entry. George had died as the result of an accident on 11-5-1944. His death notice on page 12 of the Argus of 13-5-1944 shows that George lived at Red Hill, his wife was Amy and his children both married Red Hill locals, Rose becoming Mrs J.H.Wilson and Edna Mrs E.H.Bowring. J.H.Wilson was probably the son of Jim Wilson and Barbara Scott (nee Purves) of "Fernlea" and the Bowrings were probably still near Bowrings Rd at Melway 161 A 12.

George was an auctioneer and sold many properties on the peninsula, such as Sutton Grange at Mornington. The sale of the 504 acre Kilara near Flinders in 1934 was a fizzer for George whose office was at 108 Queen St, Melbourne.

PENINSULA PROPERTY SOLD AT AUCTION Mr. Frank J. Boileau, acting for the executors of the late Mr Samuel Tuck, whose father selected the 321 acres at Shoreham in 1846, submitted this property to public auction at Scott's Hotel, on Wednesday, the 29th. November, and after good, bidding sold to Mr. G. H. Young, of Oakleigh, for 3,725 pounds. The sale is of interest, not only because it marks the passing of another Peninsula property from one of the oldest Victorian families, but because it was thefirst sale of country lands made in a Melbourne auction room for some considerable time. Many properties have been submitted to auction and some have been sold subsequently, but this is the first Melbourne agents state, actually sold on the spot in recent months. The selling agents were Messrs. F. J. Boileau & Vinnicombe, of Chancery House, Little Collins Street, Melbourne and George Higgens, of Queen Street, Melbourne and Red Hill. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 16-12-1933.)

RED HILL, In connection with the State school Arbor Day, a working bee of parents and friends was held. Good work was done in form- ing a large flower bed to be bordered with rock- work. This will be planted with flowering trees and shrubs and roses. Mr. G. Higgens, who was in charge of the Flagstaff Gardens. Melbourne, for many years, was asked by the school committee to supervise the designing and planting. Large orders are being received by Mr. K. Cleine for stawberry runners from Tasmanian growers. Many thousands have already been sent away, and the demand is still increasing. Large quantities of firewood are being sent away. Two mills are cutting wood at the station, and a large quanitity is beeing cut in the bush.-Councillor J. Shand, of East riding, shire of Flinders, having resigned his seat on the council, Mr. George Higgens, in re sponce to numerous requests, has consented to be nominated for the vacant seat.(P.15, Argus, 9-7-1924.)

FLINDERS COUNCIL EXTRA- ORDINARY ELECTION. To fill the vacancy caused by the death of Cr. George Higgens an
extra-ordinary election resulted in the election of Mr. Jarman (411 votes), who defeated Mr. Erlandsen (224).
(P.2, Standard, Frankston, 15-6-1944.)

HILLARD Thomas 1883-5
IS THIS CR HILLARD? Mr Hillyard has sold 380 acres at 1 pound per acre to Mr Watson, this land being one mile from Bittern railway station. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-3-1905.)

LAND AT MORNINGTON.
Also in the Estate of the late Thomas Hillard, under instructions from the Executrix and Beneficiaries- All that Piece of Land, being Allotments 103, 100A and 92B, Parish of Bittern, County of Mornington, containing 298 acres, 1 rood, 36 perches, more or less. This is a a leasehold under the Crown and there is about 5s 6d per acre still to be paid. It is situate 11 miles from Bittern rail way station, fenced with splendid heavy post and top rail, five wires under, very strong, and, being sheep proof, is in splendid order all round the property. Forty acres have been ploughed. It adjoins Messrs P. Johnston's and.P. Meehan's properties.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 9-5-1901.)

Both of these articles, along with additional rate research, enabled the location of Thomas Hillard's property and that of J.B.Hillard to be pinpointed. I would presume that J.B.Hillard was the son of Thomas. Like Dick Oswin, J.B. became a land agent. He moved to Melbourne and Mrs J.B. died in Elsternwick.

The first record consulted, 1888, did not mention Thomas Hillard. In the East Riding, John B. Hillard, agent, was assessed on 46 acres, Bittern, and Mrs Hillard, housewife, 299 acres and buildings. Presuming that Thomas had died, I backtracked to 1884. ?? Hillard was leasing 45 acres, Bittern from the Crown and Thomas Hillard was leasing 301 acres from the Crown on which he had erected buildings, and also leasing 189 from S.M.Planck and was also assessed on 46 acres (probably a duplication of the ?? Hillard one.) Planck was an operator at the cable station at Flinders; his 189 acre grant is roughly indicated by Melway 163 B8.

In 1885, J.B.Hillard, storekeeper, was assessed on the 45 acres and Thomas on 301 acres leased from the Crown, (probably the same) 189 acres now leased from Nowlan and another 150 acres whose owner was not specified (but had Jn Davidson written faintly.) The 1886 assessments show that J.B. was still a storekeeper with 45 acres and that Thomas's 301 and 150 acre blocks were both leased from the Crown; he was no longer occupying the 189 acre block.

In 1887, J.B.Hillard was assessed on 346 acres, Thomas having apparently died. Why then was the estate of Thomas Hillard not placed on the market until the 1900's? Rent paid each year, as well as the cost of improvements, went towards the purchase price, which would have probably been one pound per acre, the usual upset price (reserve.) Even in 1901, there was still a quarter of this amount to pay. J.B.was obviously keen to get out and concentrate on his business interests but his mother probably had a sentimental attachment to the farm; she may have died circa 1900.

THOMAS HILLARD'S LAND.
Firstly the 150 acres leased from the Crown in 1885 and 1886 but with a tentative reference to John Davidson in 1886; this was probably part of 102 Bittern, of 237 acres 2 roods and 15 perches, granted to J.Richardson on 2-10-1888 (Melway 163 E-F 10 and E-H 11 precisely.)

Crown Allotments 103 and 100A are indicated precisely by Melway 163 E-H 8 and E-F9. They were granted to John Watson on 29-2-1904, so the Mornington Standard par of 4-3-1905 was hardly a scoop.The parish map has 298 acres 1 rood and 36 perches written under John Watson's name but it also has 237 acres and 18 perches written in brackets. As the Watson grant is almost identical to Richardson's, I take the 237.0.18 to be the correct area. The northern half of the racecourse would be 78 acres so that does not explain the difference of about 60 acres between the two figures.

Crown Allotment 92A was granted to John Oswin on 4-2-1897. Consisting of 113 acres 1 rood and 33 perches, it is bounded by Symonds St, Stony Point Rd, Disney St and the railway line to Morradoo station.

Taking 237 acres as the correct acreage for 103 and 100A, and adding 113 acres for 92A gives a total of 350 acres, not the 380 acres said to have been sold to Mt Watson in 1905.

JOHN B. HILLARD'S 45 ACRES.
This was at Melway 163J 12, taking up much of the triangle bounded by Bittern-Dromana Rd, Coolart Rd and the proposed railway line from Bittern to Red Hill; J.B.'s land was granted with a railway condition. John Davies'119A on the corner had frontages of 200 metres and 400 metres to those two roads and consisted of 20 acres.John B. Hillard's 119B, granted on 1-8-1889, consisted of 48 acres and 21 perches.All the streets in the triangle are on Hillard's grant.

HIPWELL Ronald Anson 1954-8
Cr Hipwell represented the Centre Riding. (P.9, Argus, 20-8-1954.)

HISCOCK Walter George J.P. 1926-7
I believe that Walter or a member of his family was involved in the Tootgarook Land Company(seen in rates) and lived on Hiscock Road(Ron Doig.) Tourists must remember not to try driving along Hiscock Rd from Boneo Rd!

BEEF CATTLE DEMAND ACTIVE. BULLOCKS AND STEERS 9 A Terrill and Sons Old Barnawartha �18 l8 10; Lange Bros Mt Gambler l8 12 6; 9 D.McLellan Fernside ???; Craig Bros , Almurta l8???; S M Riggall Byron Lodge 17 10
7 W G Hiscock. Tootgarook 17 3 6 etc. (P. 4, Argus, 30-12-1941.)


GREAT gathering of the friends and relations of Mr and Mrs W. G. Hiscock at the New Alexandra last night honour of their golden wedding anniversary. Mr and Mrs. Hiscock, who now live at Sorrento, were formerly Mayor and Mayoress of Kew, and their family consists of six children and 14 grandchildren.(P.7, Argus,20-2-1948.)

EXCITING FINISH TO LONG RELAY BY ST STEPHEN'S
Only 30 yards separated the two teams from St Stephen's Harriers, who conducted a 58-miles relay from Richmond to Sorrento on Saturday.Despatches carried by the runners were handed to Cr W. G. Hiscock, shire president, on arrival at Sorrento, and he entertained the runners. (P.14, Argus, 17-6-1946.)

WATER FOR SEASIDE RESORTS
Inspection by Minister
MORNINGTON, Wednesday. - The Minister for Water Supply (Mr. Goudle), the chairman of the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission (Mr.Horsfield), and Mr, Conradi (engineer), accompanied by Councillor Kirton, M.L.A., inspected the waterworks of the Peninsula. They then went on to Dromana, Sorrento, and Portsea, where they were met by members of the Flinders Shire Council, including Councillor Hiscock (shire president) and Mr. A. W. Farrell (shire secretary). (P.11, Argus, 15-2-1934.)

HISCOCK. -The Sorrento Lodge No 371 -A tribute to the passing of our late Brother, Walter George Hiscock, on October 16, 1950, at Sorrento. E.A.ERLANDSEN, Master.(P.18, Argus, 21-10-1950.)

HISCOCK, Florence, of Nee Morna, Sorrento.-On June 19. beloved wife of the late Walter George Hiscock, and loved mother of Maud, May, Dorothy, Rita, Pegs, and Dick.(P.12, Argus, 21-6-1954.)

SURPRISE, SURPRISE! It can be seen from the above that W.G.Hiscock was associated with Sorrento and, as manager of the Tootgarook Land Company, with Rosebud West and Tootgarook. However, it came as a great surprise to find that he was the grantee of a whole block (5 acres) of Dromana Township. The land bounded by Latrobe Parade, Pasley St, Palmerston Ave (the freeway) and Grant St, section 10 of the township (all of which was west of McCulloch St) was granted to W.G.Hiscock on 13-2-1906.


HOLLAND Samuel Mackie J.P. 1922-7
See WETTENHALL entry. Samuel, Shire President in 1926-7, was unable to attend the Wettenhall farewell, apparently due to illness.

In 1919, Samuel M.Holland of Red Hill was assessed on 20 acres and buildings, 74H Balnarring. John E.Holland was assessed on 25 acres and buildings, part 13B, Kangerong.

Peninsula Motor Ambulance Service PUBLIC APPEAL. The motor ambulance, which was presented to the Mornington Peninsula on October 9, has already done good service. There has been one case from Frankston and two from Mornington for conveyance to Melbourne hospitals. Messrs. Taylor & Ritchie, of Mornington, have offered to garage the ambulance car free of cost for the present, but later on, owing to the holiday season they will be unable to do so. The committee is thus compelled to build a garage. A generous offer has been made by Cr. P. McArthur, president of the Mornington Shire, to allow the erection of a temporary garage on his property in the main street, adjoining the residence of Mr. J. E. Birch, the motor driver. The cost for the materials would be about 20. Some kind friends have volunteered to give half a day's work, free of charge, and it is hoped others will offer similar service. The work will be undertaken on a Saturday afternoon very soon. The committee also appeals to the public of Mornington Peninsula to help financially as soon as possible, as there are only a few more weeks to find provision for the wagon. Donations will be thankfully received by the committee and acknowledged through the press. The following are authorised to receive donations:--Mr. A.C. Allingham (president), Rosebud; Cr. J. Jack, Bittern; Cr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill; Cr. G. A. May, Frankston; Mr. C. Gray, Frankston; Cr. H.E.Edwards (treasurer), Mornington; Mr.J. L. Bleri (secre tary), Mornington. (P.6, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 13-11-1925.)

At the meeting of the Executive Council yesterday new justices of the peace were appointed as follows:-Central Bailiwick- Mr. S. M. Holland, Red Hill. Midland Bailiwick.-Mr. M. R. Wilson, Campbells
Forest. (P.8, Argus, 11-1-1924.)

HOLLAND. - On January 17, at Hastings, Hester Alice, widow of the late Samuel Mackie Holland, loving mother of Elsie (Mrs. Henderson deceased), Sydney, and Jack. (P.2, Argus, 19-1-1948.) In view of the above, and the fact that John E.Holland of "Lynden" welcomed his only daughter into the world in August 1923, I presume that Sam was the father of John E.Holland. Neither Sam nor John were children of Thomas Holland.

Notice is hereby given (blah blah) PROBATE of the WILL dated the 18th day of March 1939 First Codicil thereto dated the 13th day of March 1941 and Second Codicil thereto dated the 8th day of July 1941 of SAMUEL MACKIE HOLLAND late of Red Hill In the said State retired orchardst deceased may be granted to Hester Alice Holland of Red Hill in the said State widow of the said deceased and Leonard Robert Newnham Utber of 285 Collins street Melbourne In the said State, solicitor, the executors named in and appointed by the said will.
Dated this twenty eighth dav of July 1941 H.W. HUNT & UTBER 285 Collins Street,Melbourne, proctors for the applicants. (P.4, Argus, 29-7-1941.)



HOLLAND Thomas J.P. 1926-38
See WETTENHALL entry.

Thomas was involved in municipal affairs well before he gained a seat on council.
FLINDERS. A deputation waited on the Minister of Lands on Tuesday last regarding the Bittern to Flinders road. The deputation consisted of Mr McBryde: M.L.C., Crs Nowlan, Davies, Shaw, Cain, Shand, and Fulton, secretary (Shire of Flinders and Kangerong); Messis Holland, Buchanan, and Murphy. The deputation was introduced by Mr Downward, M.L.A. It asked that the Minister grant a sum of �250 to be spent on the Flinders to Bittern road, conditionially that Council and residents supplied a similar amount. Mr Downward spoke on behalf of tourists; Crs Shand and Davies on behalf of the Council; and Mr T. Holland spoke for the farmers.
P.3, Mornington Standard, 20-6-1908.)

Thomas was Shire President in 1930-1.

THE DARLEY CONNECTION.
At this stage I have no explanation why Mrs J.Darley (Sarah Elizabeth) would be the mother of children with the name of Martin. Were they children of Thomas Ormiston Martin? John Saville Darley and Sarah Elizabeth (nee Bear)apparently called their property "The Rest" and this passed to Thomas Holland from Clifton Hill, who seems to have moved to Flinders in 1908. William Edwin and Jane Darley called their property "Hiawatha".


DARLEY.-On the 18th February, at the Rest,Flinders, Mrs. S. E. Darley, relict of the late J. S. Darley, and daughter of the late Mrs. H. A. Bear, Brighton, loved mother of Mrs. Ruth Falkingham, aged 70 years.
(P.1, Argus, 20-2-1908.)

MARRIED.On the 19th March, at Brighton, by the Rev. E. Greenwood, Congregational Minister, George, eldest son of Mr. George Falkingham, of Sandhurst, to Miss Mary Ann Martin, eldest daughter of Mrs. J.Darley, of Flinders, and grand-daughter of Mrs. J. Bear, of Bay-street, Brighton.(P.1, Argus, 26-3-1901.)

On the 19th March, at Brighton, by the Rev. E. Greenwood, Congregational Minister, Thomas, second son of Mr. G. Falkingham, of Sandhurst, to Miss Ruth Martin, youngest daughter of Mrs. J. Darley, of Flinders, and grand-daughter of Mrs. J. Bear, of Bay-street, Brighton.(P.2, Bendigo Advertiser, 23-3-1872.)

FALKINGHAM.--On the 11th July, at Woolton, South-terrace, Clifton Hill, Florence Eleanor Falkingham, beloved second eldest daughter of Ruth and the late Thomas Falkingham, sister of Mrs. T. Holland, Clifton Hill , and Mrs, J.H.Squires, Sydney,granddaughter of Mrs. S.E.Darley, Flinders. (P. 9, Argus, 12-7-1902.)

HOLLAND.-Presumed lost at sea. July. 1942. Harry Darley, civilian internee, Rabaul. beloved husband of Winnie, loving father of Fred and Betty, 18 Simpson st.. East Melbourne.

HOLLAND.-Presumed lost at sea. Julv, 1942 Harry Darley, civilian Internee. Rabaul. much loved eldest son of Mrs. T. and the late Thomas Holland. The Rest. Flinders, grandson of Mrs. Ruth Falkingham.

HOLLAND.-Presumed lost at sea. July, 1942 Harry Darley, civilian internee, Rabaul, the beloved brother of Tas, Trav, Bert, Cliff, and Tan, Rena (Mrs. George Smith Flinders), Flo (Mrs. B. G. Feely. Glen Iris), Clarice (Mrs. T. W. Hosking. Shoreham), and Alma.
(P.16, Argus, 5-11-1945.)

At the last meeting of the Shire Council Councillor A.D.Forbes of the East Riding and Councillor J.L.Brown of the West Riding announced their intention of not seeking re election. The president (Councillor Macfarlan) and other councillors expressed regret at the announcements. In the Central Riding Councillor Wettenhall is opposed by Mr Holland of "The Rest" Flinders ,and the contest is likely to be very keen.
(P.14, Argus, 17-8-1923, BALNARRING.)





HOLMES Keith Desmond J.P. 1965-77
Keith maternal ancestry goes back to 1873. This is an extract from my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal.
SIMPSON Joseph and Maryann 1873.
There is not one mention of James and Maryann in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. LIME LAND LEISURE mentions only Rosemary Simpson who was a Flinders Shire Councillor from 1979. So started my investigation into these Red Hill pioneers, who later proved to be Keith's maternal ancestors. Rosemary Simpson was not related to this family. (See her entry.)

Joseph and Mary Ann (nee McIlroy) had two sons, one of whom was Frederick, who met his future brother in law at the border of Melway 190 F 4 and 5 while Fred was working on Blakeley's 72A, Balnarring. Fred later met his future bride when he delivered fruit and vegetablesto Sargood's "Ellerslie", where she was a servant.

Extract from the Simpson entry in my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal.
Frederick Joseph Simpson married Emily Russ (b.19-10-1872 in Bristol) on 7-11-1900 at Brighton. Their children were Annie Lucilla b.28-8-1901, George Frederick b.28-11-1902, Joseph Russell b.8-9-1905, Dorothy Ellen b.6-2-1909 d. 15-6-1910, Albert Edwin 15-6-1911.

Annie married John Henry (Jack) HOLMES (b. 4-8-1901) on 27-9-1921. Their children were Nancy, Allen, Kevin, Norma and of course Keith Desmond who became a councillor.


Keith's paternal line involves another pioneering Red Hill family, the Sheehans, which purchased James McKeown's grants (73AB Balnarring) in about 1885. This 115 acre property became two farms, Glenbower and Wildwood, adjoining the Village Settlement and Blakeley's respectively. Usually, people married neighbours but sometimes war and extraordinary circumstances, such as in the case of Fred and Emily Simpson, caused exceptions to this pattern.

Extract from my journal THE RED HILL.
The McKeowns sold to Sheila's great grandfather Sheehan . He had come from County Cork, Ireland to Adelaide where he worked as a brickmaker. He married Mr Ewer's daughter and they set off looking for land in their bullock cart, a wedding present. They selected land at Lake Marma, Murtoa, staying 15 years before moving to Red Hill in 1885.

Extract from my journal RED HILL.
GLENBOWER
Glenbower and Wildwood were on allotments 73 A and B of the parish of Balnarring, each of 107 acres 2 roods and 32 perches, a total of over 215 acres, granted to James McKeown. There is extensive information in Colin McLear�s �A Dreamtime of Dromana� about James McKeown and his brother-in-law, Hill Hillas. The former settled in Red Hill in 1862 and the latter in 1855. James built a house on the property called Glenbower, which was south of the Showgrounds (Arkwell�s grants.)
Keith Holmes said that the two farms were not of equal size and the 1887-8 rates indicate that Glenbower may have consisted of 115 acres, which James had apparently mortgaged with the Land Investment Co. James had probably used the loan to buy Gracefield (between Caldwell Rd and the triangular quarry reserve, from Gracefield Ave to the south boundary of part of the State Park) near Dromana. Glenbower changed hands in 1889 and the new owner was Robert Sheehan.
In 1887-8, Alfred Sheehan had 219 acres in Balnarring and Robert 215 acres in Kangerong. (See Wildwood.) In 1889, the Sheehans apparently bought Glenbower and Wildwood.
William Alfred Holmes had a chance meeting with Emily Sheehan and married her. Their son William (known as Jack) later bought Glenbower.
WILDWOOD
Wildwood was south of Wiseman�s grants (west to the Sheehans Rd corner). Alfred Sheehan�s land in 1887-8 would have included about 99 acres (Wildwood) and might have included the future village site of about 120 acres. Keith Holmes said that Wildwood adjoined Blakely�s land.
Rate books reveal that Blakely had 140 acres, which must have been R.H.Holding�s grant (72A) at the corner of Arthurs Seat and Mornington-Flinders Rds. South of that block was 72B of 140 acres, granted to James Pitcher in 18(69?) and later leased by Henry Ault and apparently bought by William Henry Ault, carpenter.
It is likely that Robert Sheehan�s 215 acres in Kangerong consisted largely of Robert Caldwell�s grant (10B of 172 � acres) west and north west of Sheehans Rd, and almost over Arthurs Seat Rd from the Blakely-Wildwood boundary.


Extract from my Peninsula Dictionary History (not a journal.)
Keith Holmes recalled how the 1890�s depression and a fire led to his family settling at Red Hill. His grandfather, William Alfred Holmes, was farming west of Horsham but hard times forced him off the farm and he found work as a carpenter with the Victorian Railways. The depression had probably resulted in one of the Sheehans also seeking work with the railways and at that time he was the stationmaster at Murtoa.
John Sheehan owned land on the western side of Wiseman�s Deviation, (which led to the steep former end of White Hills Rd being called Sheehans Rd) and his sister, Emily, went to Murtoa to stay for a while with the station master who was thought to be their uncle.
While she was there, William happened to arrive at Murtoa to perform some work and it must have been love at first sight. It was probably not long before William made a trip to Red Hill and the altar.

William's brother, James, was burnt out at Cavendish later and followed William, buying Parry's 19 acre block in the Village Settlement.


As you can see, Keith, a life member of the Dromana Historical Society, has given me much assistance with my research for some time now.





HOUGHTON Dorothy 1972-
Mrs A.Hunt, who built the Rye Hotel on the site of the old Gracefield Hotel in 1927, died in 1951 and it was bought by a Melbourne bookmaker. Mr and Mrs Norm Houghton came from the Portsea Hotel to run it from 1952 until 1955 before returning to the Portsea. In 1974 the Houghtons purchased the Rye hotel and have owned it ever since. Dorothy Houghton, a foundation member of the Rye Historical Society, has been in hotels on the peninsula for over 60 years.(RYE HOTEL in RYE TOWNSHIP 150TH ANNIVERSARY published by Southern Peninsula News; Rye historical Society newsletters.)

Mr Tom Houghton gave a party for his younger daughter, Betty, at Portsea Hotel, to celebrate her coming of-age and her engagement to Ronald Knight. About 60 guest were present to offer congratulations, and among them were Betty's sister and brother-in-law (Mr and Mrs R.Carmichael), the host's mother (Mrs M. Houghton), Mr and Mrs C. R. Peck - she is Betty's aunt - with their daughter, Norma, and Mr and Mrs Norman Houghton.
(P.22, Argus, 30-7-1947.)

APPLICATION for TRANSFER of LICENCE.-I, Thomas Henry Houghton, the holder of a Victualler's licence for the Portsea Hotel at Portsea, in the Mornington Licensing District, and I, Norman Sherwood Houghton, of Portsea Hotel, Portsea, hereby give notice that we will APPLY to the Licensing Court at Melbourne on Monday, the eleventh day of July, 1949, for the TRANSFER of the LICENCE to the said Norman Sherwood Houghton.
Dated the 30th day of June, 1949.
T. H. HOUGHTON Transferor. N. S. HOUGHTON, Transferee. Brew & McGuinness, Miller House, 357 Little Collins street, Melbourne, solicitors for the applicants. (P.19, Argus, 2-7-1949.)

HOTEL TRANSFERS. Charles Loaney to Milton Morris Kruger. Portsea Hotel. Portsea: Thomas Henry Houghton to Norman Sherwood Houghton. Crown Hotel, Williamstown: ((p.12, Argus, 20-7-1949.)

Portsea Golf Club tournament, first to be held since December, 1939. opened on Saturday, also attracted good entries. The course is in excellent condition. Highlight was the approach work of Miss A. Cunningham, who holed 30 yard chips at the second and seventh. Her partner, T. H. Houghton, was in rare putting form.





Knight-Houghton
The marriage of Audrey Dorothy, younger daughter of Mr T. H. Houghton, Portsea, and Mrs T. H. Houghton, of Leongatha, to Ronald Douglas, younger son of Mr J. Knight, Portsea, and the late Mrs Knight, was celebrated at Christ Church, South Yarra, by Canon Thomas. (P.8, Argus, 13-11-1947.)It's a good Bet they had twins on 29-6-1951. (Argus, 4-7-1951.)

HURLEY William 1890-1901
Little is known of William Hurley's father. He was said to have run a store on Stringer's site at Sorrento.The eldest of his children to immigrate was William who alienated 149 acres in the parish of Bittern in 1894. William took over a boarding house called Lonsdale House, which was near the Continental Hotel in Sorrento but burnt down before the second world war. Joseph received 92 acres in Bitternfrom his father in 1895. John took over the Sorrento store. Michael, who was a bullocky and carted wood, got 123 acres. A sister, Margaret who did not marry, lived at the family home at Balnarring called "Hazelwood" and celebrated her hundredth birthday circa 1980.(LLL126)

Strangely, despite the focus above on Sorrento, William Hurley was a member for the east riding of the shire of Flinders! Municipal Elections. The councillors whose terms of office expire next August are: Flinders and Kangerong shire. Cr Marden, West Riding; Cr Baldry, Centre riding ; Cr Hurley. East riding.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 7-6-1902.)


A little more is known of the councillor's father now. Firstly, his name was also William, and secondly both of them were very early pioneers in the parish of Bittern. The first assessment presented to the Flinders Road Board on 8-6-1869 shows that William Hurley Senior had a house and 84 acres in (the parish of) Bittern and William Hurley Junior a house and 80 acres.

On 29-7-1889, William H.Hurley was assessed on one lot and building, Sorrento; this was no ordinary building because the nett annual value was 50 pounds. John Hurley had one lot and building, obviously not the Sorrento hotel with a nett annual value of only 20 pounds. In the east riding, William Hurley, farmer, was assessed on a house and 320 acres in Bittern, nett annual value 38 pounds.

The 1908-9 assessments show that William Hurley, farmer of Balnarring, had one lot at Sorrento, while William Henry Hurley, Boarding House Keeper of Sorrento, had Lonsdale House, whose nett annual value was 55 pounds. It is possible that he was a housekeeper (the actual term used for Shaw, McKeown etc at Dromana)in 1889. By sheer luck, we discover when Margaret took over the Bittern property. William Hurley's name had been entered but crossed out and replaced with Margaret Hurley for the 320 acres and "buildings". Margaret's place of residence was given as Balnarring. As explained in another entry, one could walk from the parish of Bittern to the parish of Balnarring in about five seconds by crossing Balnarring Rd from east to west, and the locality of Balnarring included parts of each parish.

THE HURLEY GRANTS.
107B, Bittern, 79.3.3, granted 12-4-1875, Melway 162 K8, same south boundary as Buckley Reserve.
109A, Bittern, 83.3.8, granted 29-5-1875, Melway 163 A-B 12, east of Balnarring Rd.
110A, Bittern, 19.1.21, granted 6-4-1880, south of 109A for another 200 metres along Balnarring Rd.
This gives a total of roughly 180 acres, which means that 140 acres were purchased from other grantees.

I rang the Hurley Vineyard (101 Balnarring Rd and on 109A Bittern) to ask if the homestead remained there. Tricia, who is not a Hurley descendant, told me that it does and is heritage listed. She has much information about the Hurleys provided by family members but an appointment would be needed to see it.

HURLEY ON TROVE.
MORNINGTON POLICE COURT. Tuesday, June 10th. Before Mr. F. Hare, P.M. The only business at the above court was the application for a dray license by Thos. Johnston, which was granted. Wm. Hurley of Balnarring applied for a carriers license, which was granted there being no objections. (P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 18-6-1884.)

OBITUARY `Miss C Hurley An old resident, of the Balnarring district, Miss Catherine Hurley, passed away during the month. Her parents were Balnarring pioneers, having settled in that area 80 years ago. Prior to the funeral a service was conducted at the local Catholic Church by Rev. Father Stapleton, who also officiated at the graveside in Hastings Cemetery.(P. 5, Standard, Frankston, 3-8-1944.)

MOOROODUC. At the invitation of Mr and Mrs S Absalom about 25 couples assembled at their home on Friday evening, the 18th inst, to take part in a plain and fancy dress ball, which was the first of its kind held in the district, and was looked forward to with great interest for some time. The ballroom was tastefully decorated with spring dlowers and greenery, and the floor was in excellent order. The music was supplied by Mr Cavil, ably as- sisted by Mr Hurley, of Balnarring. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 26-10-1912.)

Band Concert at Mornington. The Mornington Brass Band held their annual concert in the Mechanics' Institute on Friday evening last. There was"a full house, over 300 being pre- sent, and as a result the Band will benefit considerably. Cr Probert carried out the duties of chairman, with his customary ability. The first item was an overture, " King of Spain," by the Band. Mr H. J. Thorpe (Sorrento), who was in capital voice, sang " Banco." Miss Unthank (Somerville) then rendered." If All the Stars were Mine," which was much appreciated, whilst -Mr Frank Harrap was encored for his comic -song, "Must You." A very pretty.dance, "The Highland Fling," was nicely executed by Miss Kate Donnelly, whio is only nine years of age. An Irish fig by the veteran, Mr W. Hurley, of Balnarring, was loudly applauded, and he had to submit to an encore. Messrs F. Harrap and G. Beattie gave a cornet duet. Mr Will Thomson contributed "There's a Picture no Artist can Paint," and, to an enthusiastic demand for an encore, gave " Mary Jane." Mr M. Hurley also was recalled, and had to repeat the Iast verse of " Mary My Beauti- ful Daughter," and he gave a good exhibition of step dancing.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-8-1904.)



ALLEGED DETENTION OF A COW. Mrs Mirabella, of Hastings. charged William Hurley, with illegal detention of a cow, which, it was alleged, be- longed to plaintiff. The case was part heard on last court day. Mr Morgan was for the prosecution and Mr Cook for the defence. Mr Cook reviewed the evidence given for the prosecution and then called the defendant, William Hurley, who said he was a farmer and had resided at Balnarring for 37 years. The cow in question was his. He knew it by the peculiar ear-mark. No other cattle in the Peninsula were marked in the same fashion. Mr Morgan questioned defendant as to certain conflicting statements he had made to Constable Watt with respect to branding. Mr Hurley: I wasn't going to give Constable Watt any information. Mr Morgan: Then you told him lies! MrHurley: Well. I suppose I did. Mr Morgan: If you were an honest man------ Mr Hurley: I defy you to say I am not an honest man. there! Mr Morgan: That will do! Samuel Sherlock, veterinary surgeon; William H. Sweetapple, of Balnarring; Wm. H. Hurley. junr., of Sorrento; Joseph Hutchinson, of Tyabb ; Henry Unthank; and David Buckley gave evidence in favour of defendant's claim. Thos. Buckley, who formerly resided at Balnarring and is now employed in the Railway Department, also gave evidence. Mr Morgan (to Buckley): What is your father? Buckley: A dairy farmer. Mr Morgan: Oh! Isee! He milks cattle and you help to milk the State ! (Laughter.) Mr Morgan then proceeded to put a somewhat confusing question or two to witness, and, the latter confessing that he 'failed to understand," Mr Morgan angrily retorted "You are the sort who are put into railway billets- stupid asses!" Mr Smallman: I don't think you should say that, Mr Morgan. T'h Bench said they were of opinion that tho cow belonged to Hurley. They would therefore dismiss the case, and award Hurley �5 5s costs.(P4, Mornington Standard, 29-11-1902.)

Mr W. Hurley, sen., of Balnarring, who has passed his 72nd year, amazed the residents with his marvellous dex- terity in his Irish jig and reel. Some of the steps were splendidly executed, and the audience rose to the occasion, and gave him quite an ovation.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 9-7-1904.SOMERVILLE.)

Our Balnarring Letter. 'The death of ,Mr William Hurley at his residence, "Hazel Grove," Balnarring, on Thursday last, removes from our midst one of the Peninsula's oldest residents.. He was nearly 90 years of age. His wife pre-deceased him by some years. The late Mr Hurley leaves the following family-Messrs William, Joseph, Michael and John Hurley. Miss Margaret , Catherine and Kate Hurley, and Mesdames Van Suylen, Kerr, O'Halloran, Farrell and Davies.(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 12-5-1922.)

A ball was held in 1958 to celebrate the coming of electricity to Balnarring. Miss Hurley, known to all as Auntie Mag cut the ribbon and electricity was switched on at Balnarring Hall. (Balnarring Byways and Memories, Volume 2, P.4.)

And the Sorrento Connection:
Building operations are being vigor- ously carried on both in Portsea and Sorrento. At Sorrento, Mr Hurley is adding six stone rooms to Lonsdale House, and Mr Haslett is completing White House.
(P.5, Mornington Standard, 4-8-1906.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. SATURDAY, JUNE 28th. Present:--Crs Cain (President), Clark, Callanan, Davies, Hurley, Grif- fith, and Baldry. Accounts amounting to �196 11e 7d were passed for payment. The tender of G. White for main tenance metal from Sorrento to Rye was accepted at 3s 10}l per yard. Tenders for purchase of ti-tree on the foreshore between Rye and Sor rento were not accepted. CORRESPONDENCE. From W, H. Hurley, Sorrento, ask- ing council to request Mr Bensilum to remove some trellis work erected on the road, which obstructed the view from his house.-Moved by Crs Clark and Marsden, That Mr Bensilum be infor- med that he is liable to prosecution and that he have the obstruction removed. Carried. (P.2, M.S.,5-7-1902.)
This seems to indicate that William Hurley Snr, the Irish jigger, was the councillor, not the proprietor of Lonsdale House, which was next to Bensilum's Continental Hotel. If the latter was the councillor, why write a letter? Cr Marsden must have been tying his shoelaces when the reporter was listing the councillors present!

SORRENTO. The result of the Board of Advice elections at Sorrento, Rye, Boneo, and Rosebud are as follows: S. Trueman... ... 142 J. Paterson ... ... 114 D. Macfarlan ... 99 W. H. Hurley ... 98 W. G. Allen ... 95 W. Tayton ... ... 74 M. Matheson ... 60 G. Rigg ... ... 63 D. James ... ... 47 The first five are elected for five years. (P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 5-9-1908.) At that stage, each school did not have its own committee. There was a board of advice for each riding of the shire.

MUNICIPAL ELECTION.-,-We are in- formed that.Mr W. H. Hurley, of '"Lonsdale House," Sorrento, will be a candidate for municipal honours for the West Riding of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong at the com- ing elections in August. Mr Hurley is an old resident, and very popular, and if he goes to the polls, he is bound to score well. He will oppose Cr Marsden, the sitting member. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-6-1905.)

William Oswin ousted Cr Hurley by 74 votes to 50 in the east riding. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-8-1902.)

That's not all folks! But I'll leave it to the Hurley family to write their family history.





JACK John 1923-30
AMBULANCE FOR PENINSULA.
At the last meeting of tho Frankston Shire Council, Councillor Jack, Flinders Shire, informed the council that arrangements were being concluded to obtain a St John Field Ambulance car, valued at �350, for service in the peninsula district. It is proposed to garage the ambulance at Mornington. Frankston Council voted �10 towards the car's upkeep and replacement expenses.(P.12,Argus, 18-8-1925.)

Peninsula Motor Ambulance ANNUAL MEETING. Cr. J. Jack, from Bittern, who was the organiser of the service, said that this was similar to a wedding breakfast, when the bridegroom says: "This is the happiest day of my life." This day was his second happiest day. When he set out on the great task of raising money to purchase the waggon four years ago he was confronted with great difficulties, as �6000 a year was required. He travelled from Aspendale to Portsea asking for support. Only �57 was obtained. The best supporters he had were Messrs. Allingham (Rosebud) and Lyng (Dro- mana). (P.8, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 29-10-1926.)

FLINDERS SHIRE HALL. Foundation-stone Laid.
DROMANA, Wcdnesday - The foundation stone of the shire hall and municipal offices of the Shire of Flinders, was laid today by the president of the Flinders Shire (Councillor John Jack.)(P.10, Argus, 1-3-1928.)




OBITUARY CR. JOHN JACK. The news of the death of Cr. John Jack, which occurred at Hastings Bush Nursing Hospital on Thursday, September 17, gave many hundreds of his acquaintances a severe shock as he had been reported a few days before to be making a good recovery from the effect of his accident. Burial took place in the Church of England section of the Burwood cemetery on September 18. There was a large gathering of mourners at the grave. The pall was borne by Crs. Holland, Hiscock, Higgens, McFarlan and Jackson, Mr. Farrell (shire secretary), Mr. Brown (shire engineer) and Mr. H. Wilson. The service at the house and at the grave was conducted by the Rev. M. A. Gair., The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. H. J. Gamble of Frankston. The late Cr. Jack ,was one of the best-known residents of the Peninsula. A successful and industrious far- mer, he still found time to work for the welfare of the community. For many years he represented the ratepayers of Bittern in the Flinders council. In the last elections he was a candidate for the Flinders seat in the State Parliament. He contested the seat in the interests of Labor and was displaced in the final count, in which the second preference votes put him out of the field. His loss will be felt keenly by a large circle of friends. The number of mourners at the graveside and the beauty and number of the floral tributes testified to the respect and esteem in which he was held in the district. He leaves a widow, five sons and seven daughters. (P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 26-9-1931.)

JACKSON Spencer H. 1930-32
Spencer Jackson was a real estate agent and spurred the development of Dromana from the latter 1920's. His business was city based but he personally organised his subdivisions in Dromana and nearby. His subdivisions in 1927, the Foreshore and Panoramic Estates, were cunningly plugged in his history of Dromana, BEAUTIFUL DROMANA. The Foreshore Estate was land behind Lou Carigg's Dromana Hotel (to Palmerston Ave), which had been one of Dromana's two racecourses and was at that time the football ground. The Panoramic Estate had street names indicating what was included in the panorama, such as Mt Macedon and the You Yangs but also paid tribute to George Dyson who had two orchards on the (almost) 61 acres.
See huge advertisement with photos,free history of Dromana if coupon returned etc,P.7, Argus, 27-12-1927.)

He also seems to have been involved in the subdivision of E.Caldwell's grant east of Gracefield, where Jacksons Way (Melway 159 K10) provides the greatest panorama, Rudduck's Karadoc where Spencer Ave(159 K5) runs behind the old Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital site, and an estate off Hearn Rd in Mt Martha (most likely the Panorama Estate) where we see See Spencer St (150 F5) and then Jackson St from which Panorama Dr.is accessed.

In his early days he probably sailed close to the wind financially; I wonder if his bank balance was a bit low because of the plaques he placed on Arthur's Seat.
FRANKSTON COURT DISHONORED CHEQUE. At the Frankston Court on Tuesday, before Messrs. C. W. Grant, W. Armstrong and F.H.Wells, J.'sP., Messrs. Stell & Jarrett, of Frankston, obtained an order for payment of �2, the amount of a dishonored cheque, with 5/ costs, against Spencer Jackson, of Dromana.

Spencer Jackson was a flamboyant young man. In the picture on page 186 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA he is wearing a boater hat, a shirt with a huge collar and a tie too thin to match the collar size, its knot nowhere near centred. His head is too large in proportion to his thin body but his intelligent face seems to reveal reflection upon the latest grand scheme.

The following comes from an article on page 185 of Colin McLear's book (just mentioned.)
PENINSULA POST, November 1, 1928.
Peninsula Development League.
The power of enthusiasm. Mr Spencer Jackson has on several occasions lately amazed us with such fantastic dreams as that of raising sufficient money for making the road to Arthurs Seat and his efforts only commenced in August of this year, and yet the road is to be an accomplished fact within a month or two. He promised to have 250 people at a meeting at Dromana of the League, he accomplished that fact; he promised to have 200 people at the Bus Ban* Deputation, he also accomplished this; (five large diving platforms, the Dromana Grand Ball etc.)

*Coaches driven by Jimmy the Squid Williams of Eastbourne and Carrier Harry Cairns of Fingal conveyed passengers(fish and rabbits too) to the Mornington railhead, followed by Len Dunk and Keith McGregor of The Thicket (between Hope St houses and Eastbourne Rd.) Keith sold out to his brother-in-law, Billy Adams of Adams' Corner (Wattle Place) who started using motorised transport, as did the Dysons and several others. It made sense to take passengers directly to Melbourne but the Government, fearing loss of rail revenue, wanted to ban this and have buses run only as far as Frankston Station. Spencer Jackson is credited with having the ban overturned and the limit was only imposed during petrol rationing during and after W.W.2.

MINTON. BOYS' BAND. Two More Engagements. So impressed with the performance of the Minton Boys' Band at Frank- ston High School sports was Mr. Spencer Jackson, of Dromana, that he immediately took steps to arrange for their engagement for events at Dromana. As a result of Mr. Jackson's interest the band has been engaged to play at the speed trials of the Royal Automobile Club* to be held at Dromana on 7th December, and a week later (14th December) the band will play at the opening of the kiosk the summit of Arthur's Seat.
(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 26-10-1929.)

*The speed trials raised money for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital and were held on Mr Bean's property at Safety Beach; at about that time Bean was the president of the R.A.C.V. J.MClaren's house, built by L.E.P.Moran (of Moran and Cato grocers),is now the Carrington Club opposite the Rosebud Golf Club.
EXTRACTS FROM DROMANA, ROSEBUD AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE.
SPORTS AT DROMANA. Opening New Course. Safety Beach, Dromana has been chosen by the Royal Automobile Club of Victoria as the site for acceleration and speed tests on Saturday, December 1st. Safety Beach is the name which has been given to a level stretch of foreshore extending from the south side of Mt Martha for about two miles to the outskirts of Dromana Township. The tests will not be held on the beach but on level gravel roads which have been laid in a wide stretch of plain extending back from the sea to the Point Nepean road. This is an old grazing property that has been taken up recently for residential development. There are about 750 acres in the plain and the new roads which have been levelled, graded and coated with gravel, have a total length of about seven miles. The corners of the roads have been rounded and widened to allow for the swinging of the cars on the turns. The country is slightly undulating but the roads have no considerable gradients. There are some clumps of scrub on the land but a view of the whole course will be available from almost any position.
Alongside the portion of the estate where the tests will be held are areas reserved for a golf course and an aerodrome. The aerodrome will come into use on the day of the tests, for there is to be a race between an aeroplane and a car. Mr J.McLaren, an official of the Light Car Club, has arranged for a �plane to be brought from the Coode Island Airport for the event. Mr McLaren has lately taken up flying and is having a �plane constructed for his personal use at the Larkin Aircraft Works at Coode Island. He expects to make Safety Beach a regular rendezvous for motorists and golfers and is negotiating for daily calls to be made there by the Melbourne-Launceston aerial mail services, which is now being organised. The site is a basin of wide area in the gap between Mt Martha and Arthurs Seat.The beach road deviation which leads from Mornington Esplanade past the Mt Martha Hotel leads to the site.(Plus details of the tests and events.)

DROMANA�S MR BEAN. Herbert Josiah Bean was the man on whose property the new golf course was constructed. The land also had some sort of a speedway with a gravel surface on it. The R.A.C.V. conducted speed challenges on it; by a strange coincidence our Mr Bean was the President of the club. (Argus 1-10-1931 page 8 and 3-12-1928 page 17 re the Safety Beach circuit; proceeds went to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital.)

This is the chain of evidence. Les Belot has a mate, a member of the pioneering Red Hill Prossor family, who was clearing land with the help of a friend. This friend�s father had been a plumber and had worked at the club house of the golf course. It is possible that this fibro building, 67 Seaview Ave, had been Mr Bean�s holiday house and later Locksley Chase Guest House after World War 2. I inspected the house briefly and was able to observe that it had a huge lounge room, capable of being used for a meeting of over a hundred people or a dance. Through the same chain of information, Les learned that the course occupied the land which became, in about 1990, A.V.Jennings� �Horizon Estate.� This was bounded by Victoria (possibly Patterson) St, Rhymer, Tonkins St and Seaview Ave. Many golf balls were discovered when the subdivision was being cleared.


We know what Spencer did for Dromana, but there's more! No, not steak knives!
ANOTHER HOUSE TO BE RAFFLED
Another house is to be raffled to aid the Lord Mayor's Food for Britain Appeal. Permission to hold the raffle was received yesterday by Cr Connelly, Lord Mayor, from the State Government. Cost of the house will be defrayed by Mr Sol Green, who will name it Gothic Villa in honour of his famous racehorse Gothic.
In addition to the house, which will be the first prize, the raffle will carry four other prizes of blocks of land valued at �150, �75, �50, and �25 respectively. All the land, including the site of the house, has been given by Mr Spencer Jackson.(P.5, Argus, 21-6-1946.)

SUITABILITY OF PREFABRICATED HOUSES DEFENDED
The Myer house had been approved by leading authorities, architects, and builders as the most practical and economical postwar house built to date, said Mr Spencer Jackson yesterday. He was replying to the criticism by Dr Doris Officer that none of the houses being mass produced today were suitable for large families.

Mr Jackson said that prefabricated houses were designed to do the most good for the largest number of people. A family of four could be accommodated in the standard model. With an extra room, six people could live comfortably. (P.20, Argus, 3-4-1947.)

CITY PERSONAL
Mr Spencer Jackson has been appointed a head office director of Southern Cross Assurance Co Ltd, whose business extends throughout Australasia and South Africa, with agents in London.(P.12, Argus, 29-6-1946.)

SPENCER JACKSON COLLECTION
The Spencer Jackson collection, regarded as the finest private collection of Australian art treasures in the Commonwealth, will be given to the people of Victoria by its owner, Mr. Spencer Jackson, of Melbourne.
Mr. Spencer Jackson visited Canberra this week before handing over the collection to a Board of Trustees, which will hold the collection "in perpetuity" for Victoria.

The collection is valued at many thousands of pounds, although an actual figure of its worth has not been set down. It includes Australian paintings, early Australian manuscripts and books, sculpture and objects of art.
Mr. Spencer Jackson conferred with the Commonwealth Librarian, Mr. H. L. White, while he was in Canberra, and received advice on certain aspects of the collection. Mr. White said yesterday that the people of Victoria were most fortunate to secure such an important collection, which reflected the artistic growth of Australia.
Mr. Jackson said this week that he hoped that items from the collection would be loaned from time to time for exhibition in Canberra. (P.4, The Canberra Times, 24-5-1952.)



JARMAN Frederick Wallace 1944-65
Extract from my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.
JARMAN 1919 Bal. (See HEAD.)
Daisy Maria, wife of the late Wallace Jarman, died at Devonia, Flinders Rd at the age of 79.The names of their children are given in the death notice. (Argus 11-4-1955 page 14.) It would seem that Wallace Jarman had bought Alfred Head's Fern Valley and called it Devonia. Sheila Skidmore said that early Church of England services in Red Hill were held primarily for the Jarmans at Devonia.


COUNCIL EXTRAORDINARY ELECTION. To fill the vacancy caused by the lamented death of Cr. George Higgins Mr. F. W. Jarman and Mr. Erlandson, both of Red Hill, have nominated for the extraordinary election. (P.1, Standard, Frankston, 1-6-1944.)

I wonder who wrote this! FLINDERS SHIRE ELECTION Mr. F. W. Jarman, of Red Hill; who is offering himself as a candidate for the Centre Riding, Flinders Shire, in the vacancy unfortunately created by the tragic death of the late Cr. G. Higgins, was associated with Mr. Higgins in many matters dear to the heart of the deceased, and is well known to district ratepayers. In May, 1914, Mr. Jarman, at the age of 11, arrived in Red Hill with his parents from Devonshire, and throughout the 30 years that have elapsed has been closely associated with primary production. By industry, combined with vision, Mr. Jarman has established himself and also gained the highest respect of the community. Those privileged to know him intimately are aware of his sterling worth and manly qualities. A man of keen discernment, strong individuality, possessing gifts of a high order, both in mind and body. Mr. Jarman should be of great use to the ratepayers. Needless to say, Mr. Jarman is familiar with the difficulties and problems of landowners throughout the Peninsula, and is desirous of making his contribution to their solution.

As a fruitgrower, Mr. Jarman has set a high standard, and newcomers to the industry have always found him helpful and really interested in their difficulties. For some time he was the vice- president of the Red Hill Fruitgrowers' Association, and was elected as a delegate to the Peninsula Orchardists' Central Association. From the P.O.C.A., he was sent as a delegate to the Victoria Market Traders' Council of which he was president for two years. Mr. Jarman is the managing director of Devon Orchards Pty. Ltd., and initiated the Cool Store, Flinders Rd, of which he is the head. He should prove to be a worthy successor to one who was not only a great champion of the Peninsula, but also a patriot. Let it be remembered that the root meaning of patriot is one who loves his fellow men. -A RATEPAYER.


FLINDERS COUNCIL EXTRA- ORDINARY ELECTION. To fill the vacancy caused by the death of Cr. George Higgens an ex- traordinary election resulted in the election of Mr. Jarman (411 votes), who defeated Mr. Erlandsen (224).
(P.2, Standard, Frankston, 15-6-1944.)

Cr Jarman was soon into action. The female teacher was probably Ann(nee Shaw), the wife of Reg Sheehan who was off at war. (THE RED HILL,Sheila Skidmore; MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, Hec Hanson.)
THE TEACHER SHORTAGE. Cr. Greaves reported that a teacher arrived at Red Hill School. Cr. Jarman said he got in touch with Cr Kirton, and the result was a a female teacher, and everything was now going along alright. He hoped the permanent male teacher would get his release, and be able to take charge of the school again.
(P.3. Standard, Frankston, 14-9-1944.)

FLINDERS, Monday.

Bowls of creamy lilies decorated the church of St. John the Evangelist, at Flinders, when Miss Mabs Nase was married to Mr Frederick Wallace Jarman.
The bride is the youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. N. L. Nase, of Wilga, Flinders, and Uic bridegroom is the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. D. Jarman, of Devonia, Red Hill.
The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Edwin Eldridge.
The bride wore a gown of satin ro- maine, made with a square neckline, and high collar framing the face. The skirt fell into a graceful train. Her lace veil was lent by Mrs. R. Newson.
The bridesmaids were Miss Kath Nase and Miss Frances Newson, and Evelyn Hesketh acted as flower girl, and Ronald Quirk as page.
The best man was Mr. George Jarman and Mr. Arthur Jarman was groomsman. The reception was held at the Fernery,
Frankston. (P.6, Argus, 30-11-1937.)

ENGAGED.Margery Ethel Bolt, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. Bolt, Beckwith street, Wagga Wagga (N.S.W.), to George Henry Jarman, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. D. Jarman, of Devonia, Red Hill.
(P.9, Argus, 12-10-1940.)




JEFFERSON Keith Frederick 1981-

JENNINGS Frederick Rowland 1980-
The Rye Jennings family had relatives near Flinders. In fact (DOD?)Jennings had married one of the Tuck girls, whom he would have met there before he moved to Camperdown, from which place they made their final move, to Rye. However Frederick Rowland was not related to the Rye Jennings family. He was a member of the family of A.V.Jennings, the famous builder who developed a whole suburb, Gladstone Park, with Costains.
(Sources: Flinders and Kangerong Shire rates, Article about the Rye Jennings family by Linda Berndt, a descendant and current vice president of Rye Historical Society, Danny Jennings, A.V.Jennings souvenir re the development of Gladstone Park.)

JENNINGS Graeme John 1971-9
Graeme Jennings was a member of the branch of the Jennings family of Rye (Kariah 1914) which established a dairy at the east corner of Rosebud Pde in Rosebud in 1926. (Source: Danny Jennings, Rye Historical Society.) There is a wooden sculpture of another member of his family,Jack Jennings, on the footpath outside the old dairy. In 1991, the family relocated the dairy to what is now called Jennings Crt (Melway,169 K7.)

A plaque on the statue states that the subject was Jack Jennings, son of Ernest George Jennings who built the dairy in 1926. Jack was born in 1915 and died in 2002.

George (Dod) Jennings moved his family from Camperdown to Rye but had previously rented land near Flinders and his son, Cec., had married Catherine Tuck during that time. Cec and Catherine and Dod and his wife, Hannah, farmed the Dundas St side of Kariah while Ernest George, his wife, Mary, and their nine children lived on the Weeoona St side. Dod died on 18-12-1918 aged 61 and Ern bought Bob Rowley's milk round,later expanding into Rosebud, selling his share of Kariah to Cecil. Ern then leased a large property near Leonard St (part of the Tootgarook pre-emptive right, 450 acres if I remember correctly,called Rye Park in another source)purely for the production of milk. His daughter, Hannah did a daily milk round. Ern's sons took over the dairy at Rye, which was eventually located on the site of the current newsagency. It was eventually run by Ern's son, Claude and Claude's sons, Ernest and Dennis. The dairy at Rye was eventually sold in 1974 to Claude's brother, Jack, who also ran the Rosebud dairy. Ern died in 1958. ("Jennings: A pioneering Rye family" by Linda Berndt, P.20, Southern Peninsula News 13-7-2010.)

Claude Ernest Jennings, son of Ern,the founder of the Rosebud dairy, was 7 when Dod, his grandfather, brought the family to Rye in 1914. Claude married Annie Hall (possibly the sister of Norm Hall whose history of the Rye/Boneo area was told in beautiful prose)who kept the general store on Pt Nepean Rd, behind which they lived, until 1938.Their home from the time of Claude's enlistment in W.W.2 was 20 Hygeia St. Claude bought the Rye dairy from Brother Bill, selling it to (brother) Jack in later years.(P. 30, Rye Primary School 1667.)

Hannah Jennings, one of Ernest's nine children, married Neville Freeman, whose family operated the local (Rye) bakery.Her sister, Marjorie, married Jack Cain. (P.32,Rye Primary School 1667, Patricia Appleford.)

Cr Jenning's ancestry was: Dod Jennings and Hannah (great grandparents), Ernest George and Mary (grandparents), Jack (father: source Linda Berndt.) Some of Ern's nine children were: Jack, Claude, Hannah, Marjorie and Bill,as deduced from the above. Cr Graeme John Jennings lived in Rosebud but moved to a farm in Shepparton in 1993, where he died about six months ago (2012.) Source, Linda Berndt.




JOHNSTON Edgar Edwin 1967-76

JOLIFFE John 1882-4
J.Joliffe was granted 21A Balnarring, of 160 acres 2 roods and 20 perches and situated at the south east corner of Merricks and Bittern-Dromana Rds, on 23-7-1878. This allotment (Melway 162 C-D {left half} to 192 C-D {left half})had frontages to those roads of 870 and 606 metres.


Flinders and Kangerong (Shire) :-East Riding : Bryan Tonkin, 61; John Joliffe (retiring member), 38. For the West Riding there were two candidates, Mesrs. Edward Ford and J..E. Bensilum, the latter being returned by a majority of 14. For the auditorship, Mr. George M'Lear was returned unopposed.
(P.4, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 19-8-1885.)

The first assessment of John Joliffe was on 8-6-1871 (Flinders Road Board.) He was occupying 160 acres, obviously 21A. By 2-10-1875, he was leasing 160 acres from James White (who according to Balnarring Byways was James Whyte .) This must have been 21B,running east from Joliffe's selection for 606 metres, probably to the Tannenbaum Ave corner. It was granted to J.Reidy on 7-7-1876 but I have not yet seen this name in rate records and in the Flinders Road Board assessments (to 1874)Joliffe's name followed those of Rogers and James White (sic) as the rate collector mentally travelled east to west along Bittern-Dromana Rd. I believe Reidy must have been related to James Whyte, who was regarded as the owner on 2-10-1875, despite 21B not being granted until 7-7-1876.

On 19-7-1884, John Joliffe was assessed on 308 acres, Balnarring. I believe this land was 21A and 21B and you will no doubt want me to explain why the total acreage is 308 instead of 320 acres. Bittern-Dromana Rd is a straight line on the parish map, just like Burrell Rd in Dromana. (I was going to see if I'd get a bite about that, but I'd better explain. Burrell Rd went from the Beach Road in the middle of Melway 159 C8, through the bends in the present Foord Lane and Burton St to meet Palmerston Ave (the freeway.) Part of Burrell Rd became Latrobe Pde but the northern part up the cliff face was never made for obvious reasons!)

Surveyors loved their straight lines but travellers picked the best routes to dodge bogs, trees, steep climbs and so on before a fence was ever built. Old Bittern-Dromana Rd (Melway 162 D-J is a perfect example of such detours, winding through 13A, 13B, 21B, and Rogers' 20, and 19AB. The Country Roads Board made this winding road (gazetted in 1922) and the part the road cutting through the north eastern corner of Reidy's grant was by my calculation 2127 links long and of course one chain wide. The road was there well before 1922 but the C.R.B. would have had to reserve the route and probably compensate the landowners.

The rate collector had done a fantastic job calculating how much of 21B was missing because of the road but made the same mistake as Keilor Shire's rate collector who recorded Stewart's 46 acres as 64 acres(a mistake perpetuated for about 80 years until the land was acquired for the Airport.) The road used 21.27 acres of 21B but the rate collector deducted 12 acres, leaving 308 acres.

On 20-7-1885, John Joliffe was assessed only on his grant, 160 acres. James Lambert was assessed on 195 acres in the parish of Bittern. On 17-7-1886, James Lambert was assessed on 160 acres Balnarring; was the grant of John Joliffe, who name had disappeared from the assessments? A check of the whole riding's assessments revealed that there was only one property of 160 acres, Joliffe's. Reidy's grant had also been 160 acres, the only other one of that size, but the rate collector had done the right thing by not levying rates on a public road.

Did John Joliffe move to Mornington? Three Chain Rd was old Moorooduc Rd.
JOLLIFFE.-On the 27th July, Margaret Jolliffe, the beloved wife of George Joliffe. of Three Chain road, Mornington - At rest. (P.1, Argus, 28-7-1930.)








LITTLE James 1914-5
LORD Edward 1885-6
McDONALD John Bruce 1976-

McFARLAN David J.P. 1914-48
Stringer's store in Sorrento has no connection with that family any more but retains its name. On page 135 of LIME LAND LEISURE the chain of owners from Marsden is listed. David McFarlan became involved when his brother- in-law, Harry Thorpe brought him in to help and later David brought Walter Stringer in to help.

David was a J.P. from 1911 until 1950 and was Shire President on four occasions. The Sorrento football ground was named after David in 1972 and a history board there outlines why. Reporters of the day had great difficulty realising that David's surname did not end with E. There is much detail about David on pages 135-6 of Lime Land Leisure.

Councillor D. Macfarlan, president of the Shire of Flinders, has nominated for the pre-selection ballot which will be held at Frankston on March 20 to select a Nationalist candidate for the Mornington electorate.
(P.8, Argus, 20-3-1929.)

Cr David Macfarlan, who suffered a very serious illness a few years ago, appears to be back to good health again. Actually he has made a remarkable recovery, and is able to attend the Council meetings regularly. Cr. Macfarlan, who has an excellent knowledge of municipal affairs, has rendered the Flinders shire excellent service. It is to be hoped he will continue his present improved state of health.
(P.7, Standard, Frankston, 19-6-1947.)

Former Flinders councillor dies.
Mr. David Macfarlan died at his home in Sorrento yesterday.He was a member of Flinders Shire Council for 34 years, and was shire president three times. (P.1, Argus, 21-10-1950.)

MACFARLAN.�The Funeral of the late Mr. DAVID MACFARLAN (formerly councillor of Shire of Flinders), will leave his residence Acton Hill. Sorrento, THIS DAY (Saturday) after a service commencing at 2.15 p.m., for the Sorrento Cemetery.(P.18, Argus, 21-10-1950.)

McLEAR George 1876-8
This information comes from Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA which can be borrowed from the Mornington Peninsula Shire's libraries, so I will only provide a brief summary pertaining only to George.

George was born in New South Wales on 15-12-1840 and died at Dromana on 28-1-1918. He was born at Elderslie, the property of famous explorer, John Oxley. In 1846, his parents, John and Mary Ann, took their surviving children, William John, George, Thomas and the newborn John to the Plenty River near Melbourne to rent property from Mr Green, after whom Greensborough was probably named.

At a race meeting there, John was killed by a friend of a man who had refused to pay a bet he'd lost with John on Boxing Day 1849. Mary Ann was widowed, with children aged 11, 9, 6, 3 (as above) and 10 month old Mary Ann. In 1851, when Henry Dunn's five year lease had ended, John's groom, William Marshall (perhaps a later Red Hill pioneer)and Mary Ann moved to the survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd), each taking up a lease, Mary Ann calling hers "The Willow".

Mary Ann fitted the title of a history of the Sorrento area: THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN. None of her workers dared try to pull the wool over her eyes. She was a successful farmer and became a partner of Charles Graves, hawker, who bought land which soon after (31-1-1860) became Mary Ann's "Maryfield". Graves became a storekeeper at Shoreham and was an original Flinders Road Board ratepayer in 1869, being assessed on 382 acres in the parish of Flinders.

Young George often helped Graves, delivering a fresh horse to Frankston for Charles who was on his way back from Melbourne with stock (and then running home because he was scared of fleas) and remembering the blond Cairns bairns at Little Scotland at Boneo, especially the one who announced "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet."

George grew to the height of six foot six inches and was probably the second tallest man in the district; George Peatey was seven foot one inch tall. George McLear was a very handsome man. A photo taken of him in 1859 was sent to Queen Victoria as typifying the Australian stockman and George was invited to join the Guards, but Mary Ann squashed that idea. (The "Young Queen" obviously liked her soldiers tall; George Peatey had been a member of the Queen's Own Regiment. PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS P. 18.)

In the early 1860's George, John and Tom McLear opened Dromana's first retail butchery on the Esplanade but the demand for timber saw George swap trades with another pioneer, Henry William Wilson, who had been a bullocky. Peter Pidota delivered George's timber from Arthurs Seat to wherever the latest pier was being built, loading at Saltwater Creek's mouth with the help of Robert Rowley and possibly Henry Cadby Wells, Frankston pioneer.

Combining heavy haulage and farming kept George fairly busy and he may never have married if he had not been captivated (as I have been) by the beautiful Emmeline Newstead at James Boag's guest house. She was 5 foot 2, so George probably had to kneel to kiss her as well as for the proposal.

George displaced Robert Wighton as Auditor (see WIGHTON entry) and Alfred Head, Returning Officer, later wrote: "Allow me to offer you my congratulations at being returned unopposed at six consecutive elections. I think you may take it as an expression of confidence in you by the public. I take it so to offer my congratulations accordingly."


McLEOD John William Alexander 1963-9

MAIRS David J.P. 1875-1889
David Mairs was granted a total of 1745 acres in the parish of Bittern east of Coolart Rd and between Disney St and the mouth of Bittern Creek. Full details of each allotment can be supplied if requested. There were allotments fronting both sides of Sandy Point Rd, South Beach Rd and a now closed road that can be traced by extending Pearce Rd (Melway 194 B1) to Somers Rd.

By googling David Mairs Bittern, you will find "David MairsP100230169 etc" which gives excellent genealogical detail about his ancestors and his wife's as well as all the children, emigration information and so on. This journal was prompted by information in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL about the formation of a rifle club in Red Hill in 1900. David Mairs and a Huntly (sic, Huntley) were involved. I knew David Mairs had been granted much land near the eastern side of the peninsula from my work on THE FEMALE DROVER and thought it strange that he was involved at Red Hill. As David died in 1902 and had apparently been suffering from paralysis, it must have been his son David Taylor Mairs who was involved. The latter married Louise Huntley in 1902 and they lived on a property called "Campsie" (now Somers.) Now the really strange thing is that Palmer's Point had been suggested for their rifle range. It was probably near Melway 193 A12 where J.Palmer had been granted 420 acres bounded by Merricks Beach Rd and Merricks Ck.(crown allotments 36,37,38 Balnarring.) Note Palmers Hill Rd.

It is likely that Louise Huntley had been on 105 acres (191 E4)whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill. I have just spent half an hour looking for a reference that I clearly remember regarding one detail. The names of the Misses Huntley were given and two of them started with L, one being Lara. The website mentioned above states that one of Louise's sisters was Lora. I believe that D.T.Mairs had suggested Palmer's Point (on the other side of the Coolart Pre-emptive Right from crown allotment 137, which was obviously part of Campsie), for a range and that Louise's brothers (Herbert John and Percy William) had supported his idea.

David Mairs married Sarah Taylor on 10-1-1857 at the age of 35 while farming at North Blackwood. Not far from that location is Ballan where David Taylor Mairs' birth was registered in 1867. While still near Ballan in 1861-2, David had bought a total of 74 acres and 22 perches at Melway 16 C 8-9, being crown allotments 31, 33, 34, 35 and 36 of section 16 in the parish of Doutta Galla. A bit far from his other land it seems! But no! He most likely wanted a holding paddock so his stock could regain condition before going to market in Melbourne. Niel Black from the Western district (Melway 5 H7), John Aitken of Mt Aitken near Sunbury (27 J4) and the Fairbairns of Ballan and Mt Martha(28 C9) had bought land in the locations indicated for that very purpose.

David's Doutta Galla land was bounded on the north by English St, on the west by Treadwell Rd (Nomad Rd) and on the east by Bulla Rd (Wirraway Ave), lots 33-36 extending 510 metres south along the boundary with Henry Stevenson's "Niddrie" from the English St corner. Lot 31 had an additional 200 metre frontage to the south east along Bulla Rd.

David seems to have moved to Balnarring by 1871 and a journal I wrote about the Crightons/Parkers of Keilor mentions that one of these families was leasing the Doutta Galla land from him. He was in Bittern by 1871 as a notice regarding the birth of one of his daughters shows. This brings us to trove.
By 1875, David Mairs had become President of the Shire of Kangerong and Flinders, was a Justice of the Peace sitting on the bench at the Dromana Court. He was also a trustee of the Balnarring and Bittern (Emu Plains) racecourse.

It seemed strange to me that a street or road in the area had not been named after this pioneering family. But there might have been one. Contracts for work on Mair's Road were awarded to locals with such well-known names as Vansuylen, Sawyers and Johnson. The position of the apostrophe suggests that this road was named after Robert Mair of Tyabb but being in the Shire of Flinders, it would have been in Bittern, not Tyabb. Perhaps Mairs' Road was the closed road leading from Disney St to Somers Rd, of which only a small part remains at the north end, named Pearce Rd.

Mr and Mrs W.Mairs lived at "Konda", Bittern according to a notice of the birth of a daughter.
A severe fire in 1893 caused much damage at Ham's "Western Park" and destroyed improved pasture on David Mairs' property.

This is a small selection of the information about David Mairs and his descendants available on trove.

By Googling, MAIRS, HUNTLEY, I came up with the birth dates and places of David and Sarah Mairs' children.Note that the places were where the births, were registered , not the place of residence. Tyabb means Old Tyabb Township, which being a declared township was entitled to a post office and the postmaster would have acted as a registrar of births and deaths. Details re death and parents are also available.

The children of David Mairs and Sarah (nee Taylor) were:
Thomas b.19-3-1858 Ballan; Sarah Jane b.17-7-1859 Ballan; Mary Ann b. 29-3-1861 Ballan, David b.8-1-1863 and died 14-7--1865 Pentland Hills; David Taylor b.1867 Ballan; John Jervis b.1869 Tyabb; Sarah b.1871 Tyabb; William Alexander b.24-2-1876 Tyabb. It seems that it was William Alexander Mairs who lived at "Konda" near Bittern.
David Taylor married Louise Huntley, the third child and daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope). Mary was born in 1879 in Brighton. Their only child listed on the website was David Huntley Mairs born on New Year's Day 1903. See the HUNTLEY entry in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal regarding David Taylor Mairs' hobby becoming his job!



MARSDEN Ralph 1899-1913
ROSEBUD. Mr J. L. Brown, who is opposing Mr Marsden in the West riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, addressed the ratepayers on Tuesday evening. (p.3, Mornington Standard, 29-8-1914.)

Cr and Mrs Marsden have gone to Bendigo for a holiday. ((P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)


MARTIN Christopher John 1960-1

MARTIN Thomas Ormiston 1888-9
FLINDERS, January 8. The death of Mr. Thomas Ormiston Martin, President of the Shire Council of Flinders and Kangerong, has occasioned general regret. The deceased gentleman while on a visit to Melbourne, became ill from congestion of the liver and gradually sank, and this morning died. Mr Martin, who was a native of Sootland, had been a resident of this district for 27 years. He took great interest in the advancement of local interests, and, being a man of broad views and kindly disposition, was held in high esteem.
(P.1s, The Mercury, Hobart, 11-1-1890.)

DEATH OF. T.O. MARTIN, ESQ., PRESIDENT OF THE FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE. It is with great regret that we record the death of the above-named gentleman who died on Tuesday last during a visit to the metropolis. We were unable to learn the nature of the complaint to which he succumbed but we believe it was of short duration and unexpected, although he had attained the ripe age of 70 years. Mr. Martin had been a resident of the district for upwards of 30 years and was greatly respected throughout the entire community, and general regret is expressed at his demise. The body was brought by the S.S. Coogee to Dromana on Wednesday and was conveyed to his late residence at Flinders. The funeral took place on Thursday and was attended by the councillors for the shire and a large number of friends. The Rev McBride performed the funeral obsequies.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 11-1-1890.)

Thomas Ormiston Martin occupied land in the parish of Fingal which was granted to his executors (T.Bowden, E.Riley, A.McLennan and J.Crighton) on 1-2-1892. Consisting of 320 acres, the strangely shaped crown allotment 25 had a frontage to the north side of Boneo Rd of about 1480 metres and was probably the pre-emptive right of a run that Thomas had held. Margaret Patterson had 318 acres to the north fronting Long Point Rd and Ralph and William Patterson had a total of 195 acres between crown allotment 25 and Main Creek. (Melway 259 part E-H5 and 259 K5 roughly.)

T.O.Martin's executors were all from pioneering families. Alexander McLennan had land near the Westernport side but he would have lived on the 406 acres (c/a 1 and 2 Moorooduc), bounded by Moorooduc, Eramosa, Derril and Bungower Rds, granted to him on 24-7-1856. T.Bowden was possibly T.Bowen (see Bowen entry.) Riley is an old name in the vicinity of Flinders and has been seen in a squatting partnership with Barker (possibly near Castlemaine.) John Crichton lived at Glen Lee on Boneo Rd between Limestone and Browns Roads.(See CRICHTON entry.)

As the obituary stated, his residence was in Flinders. T.O.Martin was another original ratepayer of the Flinders Road Board in 1869 and was assessed on 330 acres in the parish of Flinders.
PROPERTY SALE. Messrs A. M'Lean and Co report having sold, on account of the executors of the late T. O. Martin, farm at Flinders, containing 378 acres, at a satisfactory price, Mr Robert Buchanan being the purchaser. (P.2, Bairnsdale Advertiser and Tambo and Omeo Chronicle, 14-2-1891.)

I'm not sure whether this indicates a connection between T.O.Martin and the Darleys and some descendants of T.O. remaining at Flinders.
FALKINGHAM. On the 11th inst., at 3 Marlton-crescent, St. Kilda, suddenly, Mary Ann, the dearly beloved wife of Rev. George Falkingham, granddaughter of the late Mrs. Mary Ann Bear, of Brighton, daughter of Mrs. John S. Darley, of Flinders, sister of Mrs. Thomas Falkingham, of North Fitzroy, Mr. Robert B. Martin, of Parkville, and Mr. Henry A. Martin, of Flinders, aged 43 years. "The memory of the just is blessed."
(P.1, Argus, 18-8-1894.)

The mystery deepens. Daughters of Mrs Darley but their surname is Martin (in 1872!)
FALKINGHAM-MARTIN.-On the 19th inst ,at Brighton,by the Rev. E. Greenwood, Congregational minister, Mr George Falkingham, eldest son of Mr. George Falkingham, of Sandhurst, to Miss Mary Ann Martin, eldest daughter of Mrs. J. S. Darley of Flinders, and granddaughter of Mrs. John Bear, Bay-street, Brighton.

FALKINGHAM-MARTIN -On the 19th inst, at Brighton,by the Rev. E. Greenwood, Congregational minister, Thomas Falkingham, second son of Mr. George Falkingham, of Sandhurst, to Miss Ruth Martin, youngest daughter of Mrs. J. S. Darley, of Flinders, and granddaughter of Mrs. John Bear, Bay street,Brighton.
(P.4, Argus, 22-3-1872.)

BLAKIE - MARTIN. -On the 23rd February, at "Ormiston" Adelaide street, Malvern,by Rev D Macrae Stewart, James Lansdells Blakie MBCS LMCP (Lond) of Southland, New Zealand to Catherine Millar youngest daughter of the late T O Martin of Flinders, and Mrs Martin Malvern. (P.11, Argus, 17-3-1906.)

One of the many death notices for the above bride reveals that T.O.'s wife was Jane and names their property. Catherine's sister married James Adams who had much land on the east side of the peninsula and was discussed in some detail as a butcher in Bruce Bennett's THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE.
BLAKIE. - At her residence, Hill Haven, The Basin, Catherine Millar, beloved youngest daughter of the late Thomas O. and Jane Martin (The Punchbowl, Flinders).

BLAKIE. - At her residence, Hill Haven,The Basin, Catherine Millar, dearly beloved sister of Jeanette (**Mrs. J. Adams) and Margaret (deceased). -Nearer, my God,to Thee.

(P.14, Argus, 29-9-1955.)

The Punchbowl was obviously accessed by way of Punchbowl Rd, which runs between Keys Rd and Boneo Rd (Melway 260 K4 to 261 A 10.) Here is how the punchbowl was described in 1888.
Down towards West Head there is a rugged hill cap which has all the appearance of a long burned out and almost worn down volcano. The rich red soil round about seems to justify the supposition that molten trip rock was once spouted there. But a mile off the road inland and northward there is a Devil' s Punchbowl (the fifteenth I have come across in Australia), which all the people of the district claim as a crater, perfect and unmistakable. It looks like something of the sort, a razor back ridge divides its eastern side from a sharply descending gully, two spurs run out from this, and enclose a cup with a crack in its edge, over which the lava is supposed to have at one time poured. (P.5, Argus, 25-2-1888.)

*John Saville Darley had 536 acres at Flinders for many years and by 29-7-1889, this had grown to 852 acres.
** James Smith Adams, who married Jeanette Martin, was killed in an accident in 1895.
Fatal Accident Whilst Riding DEATH OF COUNCILLOR J. S. ADAMS. It is with the deepest regret that we record the death of Councillor J.S.Adams, who was thrown from his horse on Saturday evening last whilst returning from Cranbourne. and succumbed to his injuries a few hours later. The sad event has cast a gloom over the whole of the township of Mornington. The deceased, who was widely known throughout the district, had, by his strict integrity and generous disposition, won the respect and goodwill of all who knew him, and his demise will leave a void that will be hard to fill. The deceased gentleman, who had attended the cattle sale held at Cranbourne on Saturday, was proceeding to his home at Mornington on horseback, and when about two miles out of Cranbourne, he struck the mare he was riding with the whip, and the animal, making a sudden bound, threw her rider heavily on to the road. The only eye witness to the sad accident was a little girl named Eileen Nunne* who immediately gave the alarm. In the meantime a butcher named W. Brown discovered Mr. Adams lying on his face in the road, blood flowing freely from his ears and the back of his head. Without delay the sufferer was conveyed back to Cranbourne, where the services of Dr. Hughston, of Dandenong, were promptly secured, but the deceased was past medical aid, and died at half-past 10 p.m. without having regained consciousness. The news of the sad accident had been telegraphed to his family at Mornington, and two of the sons arrived at Cranbourne just before the deceased breathed his last. A magisterial enquiry was held at Cranbourne on Sunday before Robert Gibb, J.P., when a verdict was returned according to the medical testimony, The remains were afterwards conveyed to Mornington. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 14-1-1895.)

* Eileen Nunne (Nunn) was probably the daughter of another Mornington butcher whose slaughteryard was in Nunns Rd. (Shire of Mornington Heritage Study if I remember correctly.)

FURTHER RATE RESEARCH. On 19-7-1890, Gilbert Martin, Grazier, was assessed on the 370 acres and buildings at Flinders and the 320 acres at Fingal. "Buchanan" was faintly scribbled in regard to the first entry.The Flinders land was sold in February 1891 (see above) and Andrew Buchanan was assessed on it on 18-7-1891. The Fingal land had apparently sold too as Gilbert Martin's name was squeezed in between assessments
117 and 118 and then crossed out.

MARTIN.-On December 7, at her residence, Dumfries, Raglan street, Daylesford, Elizabeth, the widow of the late Andrew Clarke Martin, and the beloved mother of Ailsa (Mrs. Jas. Symonds, Flinders, Jane ( Mrs F. G. Hayward. Flinders). Charles C. (deceased, late First A.I.F. aid Helen B. (Mrs. Dan McKinnon, Raglan street. Daylesford), dear gran of Jack Hayward (deceased), Charles M., Ailsa C. and Nancy H. (McKinnon). aged 84 years and 11 months. (Private Interment.) (P.14, Argus, 9-12-1949.)



MURRAY Alfred Walter J.P. 1939-54

MYERS William G. 1927-60
William Myers arrived in the Bendigo area in 1839 but returned to Melbourne when diggers rushed there a dozen years later and ruined the area for grazing. His son William (1854-1929) was born in Brunswick and became a successful grocer but moved to Balnarring in 1898 to take up dairy farming. (LLL142.)

When William Snr left Bendigo he probably wondered if anyone would remember that they had been pioneers there.
People did. As you can see at Melway 529 D9, Myers Flat is north west of Bendigo on the Loddon Valley Highway, not far past Eaglehawk.

THE MYERS GRANTS.
William Myers may have spent a few years building a house and clearing before he brought his family from Melbourne, or maybe the depression destroyed his business and dairy farming seemed a better proposition. William Myers was not assessed in 1894 but was recorded as the owner of 320 acres, Bittern on 25-7-1896. This is why I never rely on rate records as proof of ownership; see dates of grants.

65B, Bittern, 120.3.14, granted 3-11-1898, Melway 163 C 6-7 and D7.
61 Bittern, 161.2.10, granted 2-9-1902, Melway 163 A-B 4-5.
64 Bittern, 159.0.26, granted to W.J.Myers 15-2-1905, Melway 163 C-D 4-5.

WHO WAS J.W.MYERS? While searching for other information, I discovered that J.W.Myers was assessed on 45+320 (365 acres), Bittern in the east riding on 29-7-1889. The 320 acre land was most likely 61 and 64 Bittern. Was J.W.Myers William Myers Snr? William Junior may have carrying on a dairy farm already started by J.W.

MYERS RD.
This must have been the original track to Bittern. When the Country Roads Board was formed, the section between the junction* with Bulldog Creek Rd, and Bittern-Dromana Rd in Melway 161 D6 was closed in 1914, Dunn's Creek Rd being the new route to Craig Avon Rd and later going further south to curve northwards through A.E.Bennett's old "Seven Oaks". (* Hence Junction Rd. The south end of Bulldog Creek Rd no longer exists.)

Mr and Mrs Myers have left their summer residence, Bootle Park, Bittern.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)

NEWTON William Edward 1947-56
William Edward Newton was the uncle of Catherine Elizabeth Newton who married John Nepean Farnsworth. (See the FARNSWORTH entry.)

NORQUAY William C. 1923-28.
Why did William Norquay call his Rye farm NORBURNE?

Councillor William Charles Norquay was the council's representative on the Rosebud Foreshore Committee of Management when it was established in 1923. I believe that Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 states that Cr Norquay's farm was in Dundas St, possibly south of The McDonald's golf course (south of the Golf Pde corner) and on part of the Jennings' Kariah. I also recall something about the councillor's son being a pioneering aviator.(My index for Patricia's book shows that Norquay is mentioned on pages 40, 121 and 159.)

OBITUARY
Mr. W. C. Norquay
While playing in a championship match on the Rye bowling-green, Mr. William Charles Norquay, of Rye, collapsed and died. He took an active part in public affairs at *Rye, and was a past president of the Shire of Flinders. He leaves a widow and one son. (P.9, Argus, 21-3-1938.)

NORQUAY. On the 19th March (suddenly), William Charles, dearly beloved husband of Ethelind Barclay, devoted father of Neil, brother of Mabel (Mrs. Lyall), Laura(Mrs. McDonald), and Nellie, ex-president of the Shire of Flinders.
NORQUAY. On the 19th March (suddenly),at *Sorrento, William Charles, loved husband of Ethlind, and father of Neil. (P.8,Argus,21-3-1938.)
* Was William playing bowls at Sorrento or was he pronounced dead there?

NORQUAY. On November 23, at her residence,Rye, Ethelind Barclay, dearly beloved wife of the late W. C. Norquay, and loving mother of Neil (A.N.A. Airways, Mascot Sydney). Peace, perfect peace.
(P.4, Argus,25-11-1940.)

Charles Hollinshed mentioned Cr Norquay's son being a pilot and I assumed that this was a recreational pursuit,but, as his mother's death notice indicates, Neil was a commercial pilot. It also explains why Neil was engaged to a Sydney girl in the same year.(MASTERS-NORQUAY, P.4, Argus, 19-10-1940.)

It's a fair chance that Ethelind's father or siblings had moved to the Essendon area. Neil was born at the Trinifour private hospital in Moonee Ponds,but not necessarily "Trinifour" at the east side of the Park St railway gates because there was another birthing hospital of the same name at the same time. (See Lenore Frost's HOUSE NAMES OF ESSENDON history. I think the other Trinifour hospital was in Holmes Rd.)

NORQUAY (nee Burnside). On the 29th November, at "Trinafour," private hospital, Moonee Ponds, to Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Norquay, of "Norburne," Rye a son (Neil William). (P.1,Argus, 2-1-1915.)

A MARRIAGE AND A DEATH.
NORQUAYBURNSIDE. On the 25th February,1914, at Presbyterian Church, Eaglehawk, by Rev. A. Irving Davidson, M.A., assisted by Rev.R. Levers, William Charles, only son of Mr. and Mrs. Norquay, of "The Grange," Koo-wee-rup, to Ethelind Barclay, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Burnside, "Fairview," Eaglehawk. Present address, "Norburne," Rye. (P.1, Argus, 30-3-1914.)

BURNSIDE. On the 21st November, at Eaglehawk, Agnes, the beloved wife of William Burnside, and mother of Robert (Standerton, Transvaal),William, Harry, and Florence; also of Mrs. F.Blair and Mrs. W. C. Norquay (Rye), aged 73 years. (P.1, Argus, 26-11-1914.)

Rye Cemetery Records.
Norquay, Wm. C., d. 19 Mar 1938, h/o E.T.H. Norquay, f/o Neil, [JN]

SOCIAL AND PERSONAL.
Lady Quick Is spending a holiday at the seaside, and is the guest of Mrs Norquay, of Norburne, Rye.
(P.5, Argus, 16-11-1938.)

"Norburne" was probably cobbled from the first syllable of William and Ethelind's surnames at birth, Norquay and Burnside.


NOWLAN Lawrence. 1898-1907. Peter Nowlan was the first shire secretary of the Flinders and Kangerong in 1875. He settled in 1860 and received (with D.Nowlan, probably his brother, Daniel) the grant for crown allotment 59 Balnarring of 190 acres (Melway 256 J6, bounded by Nelson St and Seychelles Rd.) I would presume that this was the property that he called "Adare". Another brother, Laurence, held 79 acres from 1876.(LLL 142) Not only was Peter's writing in the rate books legible, it was a masterpiece of calligraphy!
The councillor could have been Peter's brother, or possibly the son of one of the three brothers.

The late Cr. Nowlan. The funeral of the late Cr. Lawrence Nowlan, whose death was reported in our last issue, took place at the Flinders general cemetery last Wednesday week, the funeral service being read by the Rev. Father Hagan, of Mornington. A very large number of residents from all parts of the Peninsula attended, and all the councillors of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong, and the secretary (Mr Fulton) followed the remains of their late colleague to the last resting place. The deceased gentleman, who would have been 62 yeare of age had he lived two days longer, was born at Mullaglimast, County Kildare, Ireland, and was the youngest of a family of four sons and three daughters, several of whom were also old colonists of Victoria, having landed previously to the recently deceased councillor, who arrived in Melbourne 48 years ago, a few months before the visit of the late Duke of Edinburgh. Mr Nowlan came straight to the Mornington Peninsula, where he resided until his death. At first he lived with his brother, the late Mr Peter Nowlan, who was so very well known as secretary of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong from its inception until his death about 14 years ago. Soon after his arrival in the Shoreham district, Mr Lawrence Nowlan took up land at Shoreham, which he subsequently sold after holding for several years. After being employed by the late Mr John Barker, clerk of Parliaments, at the well-known Cape Schanck station, Mr Nowlan purchased land in one of the best sites in the Flinders township, and founded the business which has now been so well known to visitors to Flinders for many years past. His boarding establishment, "The Bungalow," grew to very large proportions, and with the help of Mrs Nowlan's capable management, became a very favourite resort of a large number of Melbourne's best known citizens. It was at this well known house that their Excellencies Lord and Lady Northcote and Sir Reginald and Lady Talbot, with their respective staffs, were quartered on the occasion of their visits to Flinders. His Flinders venture was also a very profitable one to Mr Nowlan from a land speculative point of view. He originally owned the block of land which now includes in addition to the Bungalow grounds, the Flinders Hotel, Flinders battery, and Mr Planck's residence. Most of this property Mr Nowlan sold at the land boom time at a very high figure. Some of it he again bought back at a small price later on. Mr Nowlan has always taken a very great interest in the welfare of Flinders, and has worked very hard in many movements for the good of the place. His subscriptions to local affairs have been very liberal, and he can be ill spared in the small community. For eleven years he has represented the Centre riding rate- payers in the shire council and has done very good work. He leaves no family. Very much sympathy is felt for Mrs Nowlan in her sad bereavement.(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 5-9-1908.)

OSWIN John 1877-9.
OSWIN William 1902-5.
The following is an extract from my PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA journal.
OSWIN John and Georgina 1867
Mary Karney is a descendant of John and Georgina. Today, I tried to borrow her book, THE GOLDEN PLAINS:TUBBARUBBAREL and was reminded why I decided to provide my history on FAMILY TREE CIRCLES instead of supplying it to the Mornington Peninsula Library. They have four copies of the book and both copies at Rosebud are designated NOT FOR LOAN. It's not much good telling family historians that information is in a certain book if they can't borrow it! I had an appointment at Mornington so I got a copy there (for two days.)

Therefore, I rang Mary to ask if her books are available to be bought (which they are, from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies) and to find the actual name of John and Georgina's daughter Zing ; it was Florence Mary. Having found these answers, I prepared to start the journal by pinpointing the location of "Newstead". The book stated that it was crown allotment 35A Balnarring, which I found on an almost illegible map I printed long ago from the internet; it's so bad I couldn't even read the grantee's name.

I rang Mary again and her description of Newstead's location was much further north, and referring to a clear map of part of the parish near Red Hill, I discovered that Newstead was actually crown allotments 55 A and B, Balnarring. Mary said that the homestead was north of (the present) Kentucky Rd and accessed from Merricks Rd along a driveway about 100 metres long. John Oswin had selected both blocks at about the same time.

Newstead fronted the Dromana-Bittern Rd from the bend in Melway 161 K 11 running eastwards about 1063 metres to Merricks Rd. From the corner, the frontage ran south for 1072 metres almost halfway to Stanleys Rd. Each allotment consisted of 139 acres 2 roods and 3 perches, the eastern half (55B) being granted on 25-8-1872 and 55A on 4-8-1874.

The information below comes from Mary Karney's "The Golden Plains Tubbarubbarel". Much more information about the Oswins is available in her transcriptions of Georgina Oswin's diaries and "No Rugged Landscape".

John Oswin, pictured on page 22, selected his first block in the parish of Balnarring in 1865. (As his homestead was on 55B, we can assume that this was it; certainly not 35A, which my clear map shows was granted to J.Caldwell.) Later, like most of the selectors, he took up other blocks scattered over both Balnarring and Bittern parishes.

John married Georgina Mills in 1871 and they had eight children, seven of whom survived. (Mary told me that Arthur died at, or soon after, birth.) Six of the surviving children are pictured with John and Georgina on page 24, namely Bill, Zing (Florence Mary), Dick*, Olive (Mary Karney's mother), Sue and Ethel. Missing from the photo was Fanny who married William Lamble, blacksmith of Bittern and is pictured with husband and son on page 23. ( The 1899-1900 ratebook shows that John Lamble Snr had 100 acres and buildings in (the parish of) Bittern. Georgina's diary extracts discuss Ernie (said to be John and Georgina's son) and Willie Mairs spending much time at the Tubbarubba diggings in 1893. If Ernie was another son, that makes eight children who survived.

*Dick Oswin was the local butcher and married Agnes Callanan. (Mary Karney, P.6 BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES VOLUME 2.)

Georgina gave birth to a son at her father's place, Kingston in Brighton. (P.4, Argus, 9-7-1873.)
Georgina died on 1-6-1908 at "Newstead" aged 58.(P.1, Argus, 3-7-1908.)
Had John Oswin been a hero in the floods near Kew in 1863? (P.5, Argus, 21-12-1863.)I suspect that he was and that Fanny's marriage was not the first connection between the Oswin and Lamble families. (P.8, Argus, 8-6-1859.)
"Newstead" seems to have been sold to Mr Hunt of Melbourne in 1910 following John Oswin's death. (P.8, Argus, 5-8-1910.)

John Oswin and his son, William were both Flinders and Kangerong Shire councillors.

From Mary Karney's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.
OSWIN P.190.Willie Oswin was called Grampas by the family.P.1.Mary Oswin, sister of John, married Lawrence WADESON (who with John Holmes was granted the 208 acres on the north and west side of Red Hill Rd between Vines of Red Hill, inclusive, and the south boundary of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve.The southern 104 acres became the Huntleys' Hillside Orchard; John Huntley Snr may have had a lease from the Crown for the whole 208 acres before rate records started.)
John Oswin was known as DADAS according to a caption under a photo of John -page number not recorded.


PATON James Blane 1957-60

PATTERSON Godfrey 1911-21
Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. To the Ratepayers of the West Riding. LADIES AND GFNTLEMEN,- As my term of office as Councillor expires on the 27th August, I beg to submit myself for re-election. If you do me the honor to re-elect me I shall endeavor to carry out my duties in the interest of the West Riding and the Shire generally. GODFREY PATTERSON, Cape Schanck.(p.2, Mornington Standard, 23-8-1913.)

It seems that Godfrey was defeated by Dr Brown of Flinders.
Dr. Brown, of Flinders, has consented to oppose Cr. G. Patterson at the municipal elections for the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. (P.3, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 11-8-1922.)


PATTERSON William 1887-9 The Patterson genealogy is dealt with fairly well by Peter Wilson in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. The Patterson family, pioneers in the parish of Fingal near Pattersons Rd, and later extending towards Cape Schanck, were probably tenants on the Survey near Dromana in the early 1850's.

Extract from my journal PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA.
PATTERSON James and Sarah 1852.
In 1851, Henry Dunn's five year lease of Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd) came to an end and many families who pioneered the peninsula leased small farms. On page 27 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA is a map showing the names and locations of these Survey pioneers. Colin McLear shows four families living on the north bank of Dunns Creek west of the Nepean Highway. They were Peatey, Paterson, Clydesdale and Griffith. Peatey and Paterson would have been near the north east corner of Melway 160 F4.

You might say that this name has only one T, but that is exactly how the name of James Patterson(pioneer of Fingal) was written on the shipping list when he came to Australia, according to Peter Wilson in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James visited the Goldfields and his wife died there according to Peter and LIME LAND LEISURE, and Peter implies that James did not come to the Peninsula until about 1871; Charles Hollinshed does mention that the James Pattersons came to Victoria in 1852 and settled at Fingal in 1855 .

You would think that Colin McLear would have written something about James Patterson since he settled diagonally across Dunns Creek from Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow". That he uttered not one word shows that the family folklore had Paterson living nearby but did not stay there long . The parish of Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and extends west as far as Bass Meadows Bvd near St Andrews Beach. Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD has a chapter called The Petition from Tootgarook and Point Nepean 1859.

James Sandle Ford ( of Portsea which he named) and Peter Purves (of Tootgarook Run) had tricked their neighbours into signing a petition opposing the Government's plan to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach to enclose the police paddock from that line to The Heads. Ford and Purves had about 800 bullocks enjoying free grazing in that area. James Patterson was a limeburner and he told Senior Constable O'Shannassy that he had signed the petition at the request of Ford and Purves, had not understood it fully, now realised that not having the fence would disadvantage him, and wished to have his name withdrawn.

The 1864 rates show that James Patterson, limeburner, had a lime station (nett annual value 25 pounds) in the Wannaeue Division (possibly just north of Limestone Rd. The assessments of 5-9-1865 show that he had a two roomed house in the parish of Wannaeue. In 1865 there was also another Patterson, Walter Patterson, who was assessed on 50 acres and a 2 roomed house; he was not known to be related to James and lived near Wallaces Rd (which used to be known as Pattersons Lane.)

There is a fair likelihood that the Survey pioneer, the limeburner and the Fingal farmer were one and the same. There is also a fair chance that the limeburner knew Edward Russell and the Cairns families well because of their involvement in the same industry; the Fingal Pattersons, the Russells and the Cairns had multiple marital connections. Another pioneer engaged in limeburning was Ben Stenniken; Ralph Patterson, who returned to the old "Paterson" stomping ground (the Survey) married Rachel Stenniken. His younger brother William, who became a west riding councillor, married a girl from one Cairns family, and after her death a girl from another Cairns family.

The Patterson family of Fingal later had a connection just north of where Paterson had settled on the Survey. In 1910, Ralph Godfrey Patterson was assessed on 287 acres, lots 18, 19 Clarke's. This land (actually 286 acres 3 roods and 11 perches) fronted the east side of the highway and the north side of Wallaces Rd (to the bend in Melway 161 B3)with a short northern boundary in 151 C12 north of Upsndown Rd.
See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO re details of James Patterson's place of origin, emigration, and family connections.

There is a photo of Bill Patterson (in Dromana's premiership football team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. To be a descendant of James and Sarah Patterson, Bill would have had to be about 42 years old. James Patterson's son, William, married twice, the second time to Ruby, a daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.They had one child, William, born in 1889. Why was he playing with Dromana? He might have been working on Ralph Godfrey Patterson's farm on the north side of Patterson's Lane (Wallaces Rd) and playing for Dromana (or Mornington) for years. W.Patterson kicked six goals for Mornington in 1921. R.Patterson (Ralph?) transferred from Mornington to Dromana (P.4,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 24-5-1929) and perhaps star forward Bill did the Simon Goosey transfer not much later. Rosebud played their first season in 1929.


PATTERSON-KENNEDY CONNECTION. (Very Strange!)
While looking for my notes from THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO, I discovered my notes for the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry in PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY, written about two years ago. Julie North had written notes about Rye Cemetery. Ralph Patterson and his wife Rachel(nee Stenniken) had a daughter, Maryann (d. 4-3-1910 at 35), who married one of the Kennedy boys. In 1879, James Kennedy* was leasing 150 acres in the parish of Fingal; he could have been Maryann's husband. To be leased this land had to be surveyed and would be a crown allotment. There is only one allotment of this size in the parish, 18 of exactly 150 acres and granted to C.Cairns on 28-2-1896. This triangular piece of land is indicated by Melway 254 A-B 12 and 260 B1 and is bounded by a southern extension of Greens Rd (Eastern Grey Rise) and the Creek that forms the Cape Schanck/Flinders boundary. Only 664 metres from the north east corner was the east end of a Government Road now called Pattersons Rd. About 250 metres south west along Long Point Rd was crown allotment 24 of 319 acres, granted to Margaret Patterson (nee Cairns, William Patterson's second wife.)
(*James Kennedy, 1835-1915, married Harriet Tuck but the James Kennedy that had 150 acres in 1879 could have been Robert's son or one of the four sons of James and Harriet.)

R.Patterson, granted land in the parish of Balnarring was nor Ralph Patterson, but Robert Patterson, who was assessed on 661 acres and a three roomed house on 8-6-1871. The paragraph speculating how the Pattersons and Kennedys may have met has been deleted.




PHILLINGHAM Cecil Samuel 1963-5
MR. C. PHILLINGHAM, Ex-RA.A.F., of Sorrento, and his bride, formerly Miss G. Dark, of Rye, who were married at St. Andrew's, Rye. -Michael Toohey, F'kston 692.(P.16, Standard, Frankston, 26-6-1947.)

PHILLINGHAM-DARK The marriage of Grace, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. Dark, of Napier Street, Rye; to Cecil, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Philingham, of Back Beach Road, Sorrento, was celebrated on June 21 at St. Andrew's Church, Rye; Rev. Kent was the officiating clergyman. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore lace bodice, tulle skirt, lace mittens, tulle veil, with gardenias, and carried a shower bouquet .of gardenias, roses and azaleas. Bridesmaids, Miss Valda Dark, sister of the bride, and Grace Al lison, wore white marquisette over satin with white mittens, and'carried 1830 posies of pink roses, with coronets of same flowers in her hair. Messrs. George King. and Ar thur Dark officiated as best man and groomsman respectively. Fifty guests attended the breakfast, while one hundred at tended the re Reception held later at
the Mechanics' Hall, Rye. (P.10, Standard, Frankston, 26-6-1947.)

PENINSULA AERO CLUB SUCCESSFUL ROSEBUD MEETING. About 50 people were present at the public meeting held at Rosebud on Tuesday night, for the purpose of forming a Peninsula Aero Club. It was unanimously decided to es- tablish a club, after Cr. Roughton of the Flinders Shire, and Dr. C. W. Hammond outlined the proposals. Mr. W. Burns, ground engineer to the Victorian and Interstate Air ways, who will be the instructor to the club, and Mr. McKenzie, who flew down from Essendon, also spoke at the meeting and gave much valuable information. Aircraft for training will be available. These will be supplied by Mr. Burns. The machines will consist of two Wackett Trainers and two Avros. Several Tiger Moths will be available if necessary. When names of prospective members were called, 23persons, signified, eight of whom had had flying experience with the R.A.A.F. Mr. Burns has had wide experience with 3500 flying hours in his log book. He is a competent instructor and holds a commercial pilot's and instructor's licence. Application is being made immediately to the Civil Aviation De- partment for them to inspect the proposed drome at Rosebud, and as soon as the Department approves of the locality, training will commence. Cr. Roughton stated that Flinders Shire intended to give every possible assistance to the club. Dr. Hammond expressed pleasure with the attendance, and stated that there were representatives present from Frankston, Mornington, Rosebud, Dromana, Rye, Sorrento, Boneo, and as far away as Noble Park. Election of office-bearers: - President. - Dr. -Hammond; hon. secretary, Mr. D. Roughton; hon. treasurer, Mr. Alf. White; pro. tem. committee, Messrs. Rattray-Wood (Frankston), McNamara (Noble Park), Dark (Rye), Phillingham (Sorrento), J: Brown(Dromana), Pender (Mornington), Moore (Rose bud), Gafer (Boneo).
(P.5, Standard, Frankston, 31-10-1946.)

Grace Phillingham's school-day memories were included in Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667,most likely on pages 47 and 48, according to my index. I wonder if Cecil told Grace about this little episode.
For failure to have a silencing device attached to a motor cycle driven by him on Pt. Nepean road, Frank- ston, on January 23, Cecil S. Phillingham, of Back Beach, Sorrento, was fined 2.
(P.1, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 24-2-1939.)



SPALDING - PHILLINGHAM. The engagement is announced of Joyce Margaret, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. Spalding, Violet Town, to John Andrew, younger son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Phillingham, Sorrento.
(P.8, Argus, 8-2-1954.)

HIBBERT - The Friends of the late Mrs HIBBERT are respectfully informed that her remains will be interred in the Sorrento Cemetery on Saturday the 4th September, 1937. The funeral will leave the residence of her daughter (Mrs S. Phillingham), Main street Sorrento at 2. 30 p m. (P.1, Argus, 3-9-1937.)

POWELL James Leonard 1976-8
On Thursday, 20-12-1951, Sidney S.Goble opened a pharmacy at 1196 Nepean Highway (now number 2345.) By 1957, the "season" had become too demanding so Sid took two young pharmacists, Jim and Pauline Powell, into partnership in 1958. Sid retired in 1961 and the Powells took over the whole business.In 1980, the Powells took on Garry Friend as a partner. In 1988, Garry sold his share to Theo Messinis and the business was known as Powell and Messinis. In October 1994, the Powells sold their share to Theo and retired.
(RYE BEACH PHARMACY, P.15, RYE TOWNSHIP 150TH ANNIVERSARY, SOUTHERN PENINSULA NEWS.)

Elizabeth Violet (right), only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. K. Weidemann, McKinnon, was married to Ronald MacMillan, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Powell, Rye, in St. Andrew's Church, Middle Brighton.
(P.6, Argus, 9-6-1952. Photo of bride.)

RAPER John. 1933-38. John Raper owned the Wannaeue Estate, whose location is described in detail in the entry for William Ford. Eastbourne Rd (which would have been Federanium Rd if S.S.Crispo's plans for the Federal capital had been accepted)was known to oldtimers as Raper's Lane. The strange thing is that the late Ray Cairns pronounced the surname as Roper; perhaps this was an attempt, like Purves being pronounced as Purvis, to deflect corny jokes about the name.

The history of the Rosebud Country Club, Birdies and Bogies, available in the local history room of the Rosebud library, seems to indicate why John R.Raper (as he is called in the 1919-20 rate records) finished his term in 1938. At a committee meeting on 9-0-1961, T.W.Maw (i.e. Maw Civil)and C.R.Coleman (after whom a street and park near Boneo Rd were named)were appointed to (make a decision on which of the three sites to choose.) They recommended the present site. The site selected was part of a property bounded by (as in the Ford entry.) "It was formerly owned by a Mr Jack Rapir (sic) and purchased by Forestry, Pulp and Paper in 1938 for development as a pine plantation.Shortly after Christmas 1958, a fire swept through 300 acres of the pine forest etc. The land was zoned as "Rural" with the residential zoning ending at Eastbourne Rd.
There were plans to develop a residential area on 30 acres if the land could be rezoned with the 120-150 blocks selling at about 500 pounds each. Try buying them for $1000 today!

ROUGHTON Harold Ernest 1945-8
FLINDERS SHIRE ELECTION WEST RIDING The contest for the vacant seat in West Riding, caused by the re- signation of Cr. D. M. Crichton, took place at Rosebud on Thursday and resulted in a win for the R.S.L. candidate, Mr. F. E. Roughton. (P.2, Standard, 29-8-1946.)

PENINSULA AERO CLUB SUCCESSFUL ROSEBUD MEETING. About 50 people were present at the public meeting held at Rosebud on Tuesday night, for the purpose of forming a Peninsula Aero Club. It was unanimously decided to es- tablish a club, after Cr. Roughton of the Flinders Shire, and Dr. C. W. Hammond outlined the proposals. Mr. W. Burns, ground engineer to the Victorian and Interstate Air ways, who will be the instructor to the club, and Mr. McKenzie, who flew down from Essendon, also spoke at the meeting and gave much valuable information. Aircraft for training will be available. These will be supplied by Mr. Burns. The machines will consist of two Wackett Trainers and two Avros. Several Tiger Moths will be available if necessary. When names of prospective members were called, 23persons, signified, eight of whom had had flying experience with the R.A.A.F. Mr. Burns has had wide experience with 3500 flying hours in his log book. He is a competent instructor and holds a commercial pilot's and instructor's licence. Application is being made immediately to the Civil Aviation De- partment for them to inspect the proposed drome at Rosebud, and as soon as the Department approves of the locality, training will commence. Cr. Roughton stated that Flinders Shire intended to give every possible assistance to the club. Dr. Hammond expressed pleasure with the attendance, and stated that there were representatives present from Frankston, Mornington, Rosebud, Dromana, Rye, Sorrento, Boneo, and as far away as Noble Park. Election of office-bearers: - President. - Dr. Hammond; hon. secretary, Mr. D. Roughton; hon. treasurer, Mr. Alf. White; pro. tem. committee, Messrs. Rattray-Wood (Frankston), McNamara (Noble Park), Dark (Rye), Phillingham (Sorrento), J: Brown(Dromana), Pender (Mornington), Moore (Rose bud), Gafer (Boneo).
(P.5, Standard, Frankston, 31-10-1946.)

The Sands and McDougall's directory of 1950 shows that Harold was a resident of Rosebud (district).

ROWLEY Robert James 1960-77
The first Rowley on the peninsula was no longer a Rowley. Her son, Robert had been born in 1821. Elizabeth was the widow of a sergeant in the army who had fought at Waterloo and arrived in Sydney in 1924 and later was tranferred to Hobart.LIME LAND LEISURE names neither Elizabeth nor her husband while THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN calls the sergeant Robert and RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 calls him James.

The sergeant was given a grant of land near Hobart and was probably a drinking pal of John Pascoe Fawkner's ex-convict father; Hollinshed suggests that Elizabeth and her new husband may have started quarrying lime for Melbourne's co-founder. I have suggested in the past that J.P.Fawkner's mother, Hannah (nee Pascoe) was Australia's first saint and had a street in Gowanbrae, near Tullamarine, named after her. Her ex-silversmith did little to bring up Johnny and his main occupation seems to have been drinking. Robert Rowley's father apparently had the same job. The drink killed him!

He fell overboard "into the drink" while fishing in 1833 and Elizabeth married Richard Kenyon. They were at The Heads burning lime by 1838. Robert Rowley visited them in 1839, when he was 17 (not 27 as in LIME LAND LEISURE)and Hollinshed suggests that Robert burnt lime with them. However, I believe that Robert did not like his stepfather and had stayed in Van Dieman's Land. He may have burnt lime with Richard and Elizabeth but it is more likely that he did not return until he had teed up a limeburning partnership with Henry Cadby Wells.
The website THE WELLS STORY is based on the memoirs of the Frankston pioneer's son. Henry and his pregnant wife had walked all the way Sorrento circa 1941 to burn lime with Robert.

Soon after their arrival, the first white child was born in Sorrento; their daughter. (See Trove.) The demand for lime dwindled because of the 1843 depression and Henry returned to Richmond to resume his bootmaking trade.
He prospered and was able to buy a boat; he returned to Sorrento in 1849 to start a new partnership with Robert-crayfishing. This was very rewarding financially but their boat was wrecked when they anchored it in Westernport to return home briefly and the vessel came down on its anchor because of the huge tidal variation.

That was the end of their partnerships and after a stint at J.T.Smith's estate on the south side of Boundary (Canadian Bay) Rd, now the Ranelagh Estate, Henry settled at Frankston. Two legacies of the second partnership are the name of ROWLEY'S ROCKS and Clark's Cottage, Sorrento's first limestone house. In FAMILY CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO, PORTSEA, Jennifer Nixon states with certainty that the house occupied by the family of Cr "Lugger Jack" Clark was built by a Mr Wells in about 1850.

Two of the most extensive entries in my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY are FAMILY CONNECTIONS and HISTORIC ORIGINS OF STREET NAMES. Using parish maps and rate records, it was a breeze showing that most couples were neighbours. One entry caused me endless time without a result. That was until a lady rang me up to tell me that her hairdresser was the son of the man who bought the western half of James Trueman's grant and subdivided it as the ALMARAY ESTATE. The son told me about the Doigs between them and Truemans Rd. Ron Doig, a descendant of the Rowleys told me about Heather Spunner's research which shows that Christina Edwards, whom Robert Rowley married in 1859, was from Longford in Tasmania.

Henry Cadby Wells called Robert Rowley his "old shipmate" and it is not clear when they sailed together. Henry was known to have worked at Dromana for some time and perhaps they worked together for Peter Pidota sailing timber from Arthurs Seat to various parts of the bay for the construction of piers. In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear mentions that Mr and Mrs Rowley stayed in Pidota's slab hut near the present Carrigg St and Robert Rowley signed a petition supporting Qunan's school over Nicholson's at Dromana.

Robert Rowley's moved back west would have happened before the mid 1860's and he bought land between the ends of Monica and Carbour Sts, the homestead being built near the latter.His connection with Dromana did not finish there; he bought 25B Wannaeue on the top of Arthurs Seat for timber-getting in 1904.

I will leave you to read the family details in LIME LAND LEISURE and elsewhere but I should give some detail about the councillor. The genealogy in LIME LAND LEISURE(vaguely) shows that Robert's son William (1864-1962) had a son Wilfred, born in 1902 at Sale (who farmed the Truemans Rd land). Wilfred had a soldiers' settlement block in the Mallee and married Emma Shaw from that area. Harry Doig, poultry farmer, married Wilfred's sister, Dorothy, as a result of a visit from Wilfred's old stamping ground to Tootgarook (whose historic and present name was insisted on by Harry.)

Cr Robert James Rowley was born in 1924 to Wilfred and Emma and would have been about 17 when he played in Rye's first football team in 1941. He was the captain-coach from 1949-51 before transferring to Flinders as coach for the next two seasons. He was Shire President in 1964 and 1968. Retiring from footy in 1957, he carried the same zeal and ability into his community service and the naming of the R.J.Rowley Reserve at Rye is a fitting tribute to his efforts.




RUDDUCK Ernest J.P. 1933-43, 1945-1959
RUDDUCK Nelson 1879-84, 1909-11
My aim is to supplement existing history, not to repeat what can be accessed by readers. A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA has extensive information on the Rudduck family as well as photos and may be borrowed.

Rudduck, Ruddock, and Karadoc are versions of old words meaning red breast. Nelson's father, Sam, was a wealthy corset maker who made several trips to Australia and bought property, including Karadoc on the inside angle where the highway turns toward Arthurs Seat at the beach at Dromana. Nelson came in 1868 and was a carrier on what is now the Princes Highway and met Jane Sophia Chapman at the family inn at Springvale; Nelson's much older brother, Sam, had married Jane's sister, Nettie.

Nelson married Jane and in about 1871, they moved to Dromana where their first makeshift store was the start of a successful business career. One facet not commonly known is money-lending. When George and Susan Peatey wanted to leave their farm at the east corner of Harrisons and Bittern Roads, Nelson gave them a loan to buy their 2 acre block in McDowell St, Rosebud; they paid it off after 10 years in 1888.

Nelson was the leading light in the Methodist community in the area; he was a trustee of the Red Hill church and donated his grant in the Rosebud Fishing Village for Rosebud's church. He and his brother Sam were also prominent in the rechabite movement.

Nelson won the Centre Riding seat vacated by John Shand. In our advertising columns this morning Mr Nelson Rudduck, J.P., of Dromana, announces himself as a candidate for the Centre Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. The seat is rendered vacant through Cr Shand deciding not to offer himself for re-election, and Mr Rudduck has been presented with a numerously signed requisition. Mr Rudduck is a gentleman of undoubted integrity and sound business capacity, and his long connection with the district should ensure him considerable support. (P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 8-8-1908.)

RUNDLE Eric Raymond 1946-54. Eric Rundle owned "Glenara" of about 1030 acres at Melway 177 C-H 10-12 roughly. He was the Master of Hounds of the Oakland Hunt and died as a result of falling from a horse. His widow retained the property for about half a century after his death. See THE OAKLANDS HUNT by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.

HUNTING.Oaklands Hounds.Among those riding were J Attwood, K Campbell, J Gallagher,D.Ryan,F Chapman M Macrae, L. Dowling, H.H.Daniel jun., G. Hutt, and Master E. Rundle. (P.12, Argus, 14-7-1932.) The Attwoods owned Dundonald at Melway 5 H1 but sold the southern 200 acres for the remount which is now Victoria Police property.Keith Campbell owned Willowbank, Melway 6 A5, which became the Alanbrae Estate on which I managed to get streets named after pioneers:Lavars, McKay, Chadwick, Johnson, Corrigan, Mitchell, Gilmore and a farm, "Chandos" between Bamford Ave and the creek. McRae would have been a descendant of Farquhar who organised the first run in 1888 and was probably in St Albans. The Daniel family of Narbonne (177 K4)was heavily involved in the hunt for ages and two of the men became Bulla Shire Secretaries. Gil Hutt also died prematurely as the result of a riding accident.

RUNDLE.-On tho 24th April 1934 at Jessie Mcpherson Community Hospital to Mr and Mrs Eric R Rundle-a daughter.
(P.1, Argus, 26-9-1934.) There is no proof yet of a link between the Eric of Glenara and Eric Raymond of Milton Park but for a long time there was no proof that Percy Hurren, storekeeper and postmaster at Moorooduc in 1950 was the farmer on Dalkeith at Tullamarine who attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951.

MUTTON AND LAMB SUPPLIES ADEQUATE. LAMBS-THIS SEASON : E R Rundle Merricks 19/ (P.2, Argus, 20-8-1941.)
Hector Waldron's parents came to Balnarring in 1925 and bought "Milton Park" on the corner of Warawee Rd and Stanleys Rd.Many years later, Hector's father sold most of Milton Park to Mr Dane who grazed stud sheep on it and still later he sold the rest, containing the house and outbuildings, to Mr Eric Rundle. (BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES, VOLUME 2, P.40.)

MORNINGTON
LEGGATT, William Watt, Herbert st. Mornington, barrister (Lib).
MASLEN, Bertram James. Somerville,orchardist (Lab).
RUNDLE, Eric Raymond, Balnarring,farmer (CP).
Mr Kirton (CP) did not seek re-election.
(P.7, Argus, 25-10-1947, 148 STATE ELECTION CANDIDATES.)

SCOTT Kenneth G. 1961-3

SHAND Downward 1915-17
THIS AS AN ERROR. DOWNWARD AND SHAND WERE TWO DIFFERENT EAST RIDING COUNCILLORS AND IT SEEMS THAT A COMMA HAS BEEN LEFT OUT OF A LIST OF COUNCILLORS FROM WHICH THIS NON-EXISTENT NAME WAS OBTAINED.

SHAND John J.P. 1902-7, 1916-23
See the Ditterich entry regarding the wedding of the Rev. Richard Ditterich and Christiana Shand.

John Shand was a son of Alexander Shand, and married Mary (nee Hope) the widow of John Huntley Jnr in about 1902. He was known as Peter to his friends to distinguish him from HIS FATHER*. (Keith Holmes, Bill Huntley.) Whether he was the John Shand who was assessed on 253 acres in the parishes of Wannaeue and Flinders (that is straddling Main Creek) and 175 acres in Wannaeue in 1900 is uncertain but likely. In 1899, he owned the latter and the name of the person to be assessed on the 253 acres was written as Alexander J.Shand, but crossed out and replaced with John Shand. * It is likely that Alexander Shand was Alexander J.Shand and was known as John because Bill Huntley said his name was John.

(P.S.Bill Huntley told me that John Shand Snr. died at Main Ridge and that Alexander Shand was his son and John (Peter)Shand's brother. John (Peter) Shand was definitely the councillor. Bill had never heard of Downward Shand. Bill also told me that the Ditterich and Barker families were related by marriage.)

Bill was right!
Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. SATURDAY, JULY 27th, 1907. The usual monthly meeting of above was held at the Dromana Hotel, on Saturday last, the Councillors present being Shand (President), Shaw, Nowlan, Buckley, Davies, Stanley, Marsden, Cain and Clark.
BEREAVEMENTS. Cr. Stanley, before proceeding with further business, referred to the loss sustained by the President through the death of his father. He would move that a letter of sympathy be forwarded to the widow and family of the late Mr. Alexander Shand, Carried. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-8-1907.)

By 1910, the only Shand left in the area (near the east end of Shands Rd) was William Shand and he had left by 1919, the Shand land being now occupied by William G.C.Roberts (hence Roberts Rd, the track carved by timber being carried from Alexander Shand's steam saw mill to Red Hill) and David Barker.Bill Huntley told me that the Shands, except for John (Peter) Shand had moved to Gippsland by 1920. John may have had a younger brother named Alexander, who probably suffered this mishap at the saw mill: The following cases were admitted into the Alfred Hospital yesterday :-Alexander Shand, aged 18 years, living at Dromana, with an injured leg, caused by a log rolling on him ; (P.8, Argus, 25-11-1886.)

Young Alexander lived to tie the knot. SHAND-LANGLANDS.On the 5th September, at the Parsonage, Camberwell, by the Rev. R. Detterich (sic), brother-in-law of the bridegroom,Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Shand, of Dromana, to Isabel Mary, youngest daughter of G. B. Langlands, "Wilton," Welshpool, South
Gippsland.
(P.1, Argus, 27-11-1899.) Alexander moved to Port Welshpool but within four months his sheep were being stolen. (P.3, Argus, 9-3-1900, FOSTER.)

The first thing to note about Cr John (Peter) Shand is that his first spell on council (in the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong) was as a Centre Riding councillor, and the second spell (in the Shire of Flinders) was as a representative of the East Riding. The second feature noted as I read various articles was the regard in which he was held, partly because of his genial nature and partly because of his effectiveness.He served as President in 1906-7 and 1907-8.

John Baldry seemed to have more than his fair share of bad luck and his unwillingness to stand again allowed
John Shand to become a councillor. As will be seen by announcement in our advertising columns, Cr Baldry, who has faithfully represented the Centre Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong for a good many years and done some good work at the council table, has decided not to again seek re-election. Had Cr Baldry, who is an old resident of the Flinders district, allowed himself to be again nominated, he would probably have been accorded the honor of a walkover. A requisition asking Mr John Shand of Red Hill to contest the seat is being largely signed. We understand that gentleman has expressed his intention of seeking municipal honors, and so far he appears to be first favorite. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-7-1902.)

DRQMANA. In the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, Cr. Shand retires from his seat at the council table next month, through effluxion of time. Cr Shand, who is one of the Centre Riding representatives, is considered the right man in the right place by a number of ratepayers here, and a petition is being largely signed, re- questing him to again offer himself for re-election. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 8-7-1905.)

Cr Nowlan had much pleasure in moving that Cr Shand be elected president for the ensuing year. Cr Shand had proved himself an excellent councillor, and his acceptance of the presidency would be pleasing, not only to his colleagues, but would be hailed with satisfaction by ratepayers generally. and especially by those of the riding he had the honor to represent. Cr Marsden, in seconding the motion, stated that Cr Shand was a very active councillor, and one in whom the ratepayers had every confidence. The election was unanimous.
(P.6, Mornington Standard, 7-10-1905.)

The re-election of Cr. Shand as president of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong has caused general satisfac- tion among ratepayers here. The genial president during his recent term of office, which was not altogether an enviable* one, discharged the responsible duties pertaining to his office in that straightforward and impartial manner which has deservedly gained him the esteem and confidence of ratepayers throughout the shire, and his friends, in congratulating him on his re-election, express confidence that he will discharge his presidential duties in the future in the same creditable and satisfactory manner as he has hitherto done in the past.(P.2, Mornington Standard,6-10-1906.)*Resignation of Shire Secretary/Engineer/Rate Collector McKenzie.

In our advertising columns this morning Mr Nelson Rudduck, J.P., of Dromana, announces himself as a candidate for the Centre Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. The seat is rendered vacant through Cr Shand deciding not to offer himself for re-election, and Mr Rudduck has been presented with a numerously signed requisition. Mr Rudduck is a gentleman of undoubted integrity and sound business capacity, and his long con- nection with the district should ensure him considerable support.(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 8-8-1908.)

SHAND LAND.
As I have no map or rate transcriptions in the parish of Flinders, I can give no detail of property there.
19A Wannaeue, 105.2.13, granted to A.Shand 4-10-1882, bounded by Old Main Ck Rd, Shands Rd and Main Ck, 254 K1.
20A W, 175.0.20, granted to J.Shand 16-6-1903, bounded by Main Ck Rd and Shands Rd, Mel. 171 K11 to 190 B 11-12.
20B W, 34.0.14, granted to W.Shand, 26-7-1903, between 20A and Roberts Rd, western third of 190 B 11-12.
21A W, 142.3.1, granted to A.Shand Jnr. 1-6-1903, Melway 190 C-D 9-10 plus B10.

Widow Mary Huntley was assessed on Hillside Orchard in 1900, John Shand was assessed in 1910 and the Misses Huntley in 1920. Hillside Orchard was crown allotment 15A Kangerong of 105 acres, including Vines of Red Hill and Darling Park Vineyard (Mel. 190 E4.) This property was also in the Centre Riding.

By 1901-2, John Shand was assessed on 352 acres and buildings, 79AB and 78B1 Balnarring, leased from Alfred Ernest Bennett. In 1903-4, D.James was occupying John's 175 acres on the north corner of Shands Rd and John now had 253 acres and buildings Balnarring; this was 79AB less three acres. 79A Balnarring was "Seven Oaks" (Melway 161 J12) and 79B was "Kent Orchard" (Melway 191 H-J 1-2.) William B.Bennett (after whom William Rd, Melway 190 C 2-6, is almost certainly named) had been written as the occupant of 121 acres, 14A Balnarring, but his name was crossed out and "Now John Shand" written above it.

Fruit-growers are in high glee over the improved prices of fruit. Although some lost heavily by the recent storms, others have fair crops. Mr J. Shand, of Kent Orchard, sent 350 cases of cases of 'apples for export last week, and is likely to send 2000 more.(P.2, Mornington Standard,8-3-1902,RED HILL.)

Two very fine crops were grown in the Balnarring district,by Mr T. Cole, at Minto, where 15 acres of a mixed crop -wheat and oats-went three tons to the acre. It presented a fine appear- ance, being about six feet in height.The other crop was grown by Mr J.Shand, at "Kent Orchard," and grew to a height of seven feet.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 31-12-1904.)

In 1905-6, John Shand was assessed on 120 acres 79AB and Mrs John Shand 121 acres 14A. The only change the next year was that John Shand and Percy William Huntley (Bill Huntley's father) were jointly assessed on 14A.
Crown allotment 14A (Melway 161 K 10-11)was divided between John (61 acres) and Percy (60 acres) by 1915, their properties being called Kentucky and Rosslyn respectively. The homesteads of these farms still stand, being numbers 214 and 212 Dromana-Bittern Rd.

VAN SUYLEN - HUNTLEY. - On the 31st July,1915, at St George's Church, North Carlton,by the Rev. Father O'Hagan, Phillip,eldest son of Mr and Mrs P. Van Suylen, of "Hazelmere,"Balnarring, and Catherine Evelyn (Lyn), youngest daughter of Mrs J. Shand, of "Kentucky," Balnarring, and the late John Huntley, Brighton. (P.11, Argus, 23-10-1915.)

SHAND.-On the 3rd August, at Kentucky Orchard, Balnarring, the beloved wife of John Shand, and loving mother of Annie, Sis, Lou (Mrs. D. Mairs), Laura, Jack, Perce, and Lyn (Mrs. Phil. Vansuylen).
(P.13, Argus, 11-8-1917.)

FLINDERS SHIRE. The retiring councillors for the Centre and West Ridings of this Shire (Cr McFarlan and Cr Shaw) have been re-elected unopposed, and for the seat rendered vacant by the retirement of Cr Stanley in the East Riding, Messrs L. J. Berryman and H. Downward have been nominated, and for the ordinary election in the same riding the seat rendered vacant by the retirement of Cr Davies. will be contested for by Messrs J. Shand and J. C. Watson.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 21-8-1915.)

FLINDERS SHIRE. The following are the results of the polling in the above Shire. Extraordinary Election - H. Down ward, 110; L. Berryman, 85. Ordinary Election-John Shand, 119; J. C. Watson, 68.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-8-1915.)

RED HILL, In connection with the State school Arbor Day, a working bee of parents and friends was held. Good work was done in form- ing a large flower bed to be bordered with rock- work. This will be planted with flowering trees and shrubs and roses. Mr. G. Higgens, who was in charge of the Flagstaff Gardens. Melbourne, for many years, was asked by the school committee to supervise the designing and planting. Large orders are being received by Mr. K. Cleine for stawberry runners from Tasmanian growers. Many thousands have already been sent away, and the demand is still increasing. Large quantities of firewood are being sent away. Two mills are cutting wood at the station, and a large quantity is being cut in the bush. Councillor J. Shand, of East riding, shire of Flinders, having resigned his seat on the council, Mr. George Higgens, in response to numerous requests, has consented to be nominated for the vacant seat.(P.15, Argus, 9-7-1924.)

From Mary Karney's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.
ALBERTO p.192 had KENT ORCHARD in 1899. Jack (Peter) SHAND and the HUNTLEY family ran the orchard from 1900 and lived in the house after "Hillside" was burnt down in about 1905.

SHAND P.195. Old Mr Shand who had the sawmill at Red Hill (Main Ridge)died on 18-7-1901. He was a Methodist lay preacher.His sons, Alex and John (Peter) were close friends of the Oswins.Peter married Mary Huntley on 28-7-1900. He was a clever man who could do anything from mending clocks to suturing wounds.(N.B. Alexander probably died on 18-7-1907 unless Cr Stanley was six years late expressing his condolences to the shire president and his family.)




SHARPE Henry Clarke J.P. 1908-10
Henry was president of the shire at the end of his tenure. This is part of a report of a meeting at Flinders to obtain a railway.
Cr Sharp read extracts from Melbourne papers, stating the position regarding some existing lines in the State to demonstrate the right to increased railway facilities which the Peninsula possessed. He also read reports of certain utterances of prominent public men to show that the time for an agitation was opportune As President of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, he was then asked if his council would move in the matter. Whilst explaining that he could not commit his brother councillors, he was in favor of municipal action being taken. (P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 19-11-1910.)

Ex-Cr Sharp, formerly a member of the Cranbourne Shire Council, is at the present time engaged in contesting an election for a seat in the Flinders and Kangerong Shire. (P.3, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 19-8-1908.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE. There were two contests for the three vacancies. In the East riding, Cr. Davies was re-elected unopposed. For the Centre riding the candidates were Messrs Nelson Rudduck and A. V. Shaw, the latter being the retiring member. It will be remembered that last year Mr Rudduck had a very close contest with Cr. Sharp, who only gained the seat with two votes to spare. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 28-8-1909.)

MUNICIPAL REFORM. TO THE EDITOR. Sir,--There are one or two inaccuracies in the report of the proceedings of the last meeting of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, which I think should be put right. The Secretary for Public Works (Mr Drake) is reported to have affirmed that the statements in "Disgusted Ratepayer's" letter to the "Age" were "gross exaggerations." That is not so. I said they were such, and he remarked, "We think so." This alters matters slightly. In reference to Mr Greenshield, I did not ask Mr Drake whether the former had made any explanation, but Mr Drake said he thought Mr Greenshield would not take up the duties owing to the backward state of the books. I replied, "I do not think so"-as Cr Rudduck at a previous meeting of the council had given the reason for Mr Greenshield's departure. I made it my business to see the latter, who emphatically denied that was his reasons, and gave them to me in writing. Vide your report, "Disgusted Ratepayer" is, as he says, quite justified in drawing attention to the shire affairs (when he can quote facts). I am more than anxious to have the business of the shire brought up to date, and I hope before next audit things will be satisfactory to the ratepayers and the council. "Disgusted Ratepayer" does quote facts in reference to arrears, and I can assure him that they will be reduced to a reasonable amount forthwith, as it is the unanimous feeling in the council that it must be done. Yours etc,. - H. C. SHARP.
(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 19-11-1910.)

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. SATURDAY, JANUARY 30.
From H. C. Sharp, Flinders , offering to contribute the sum of 5 towards the cost of works on the Main Ridge road near his house.-Received. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 6-2-1904.)



SHAW Archibald Vine J.P. 1903-8 I must have made a mistake copying the years of Archie's tenure on council unless LIME LAND LEISURE was wrong.

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE COUNCIL. Saturday, April 25. PresentCrs Haig (President), Shaw, stanley, Davies, Buckley, Patterson and Mareden. CORRESPONDENCE.
Dandenong Advertiser and Cranbourne, Berwick and Oakleigh Advocate (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 30 April 1914 p 3 Article

Flinders Shire Council. DROMANA, SATURDAY, APRIL 25th. Present : Crs Shaw (president), Buckley, Shand, Downward, Patterson, Bartholomew and Brown. CORRESPONDENCE.
Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 13 May 1916 Edition: MORNING p 3 Article

MR. JUSTICE HIGGINS. FUNERAL AT DROMANA. Former Colleagues Attend.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 16 January 1929 p 9 Article
... Solomon'. Pastor J. I. Thomas, Councillor A. V. Shaw (Flinders Shire). Mr."A. Flockhart and Mr. ... 672 words

Archie Shaw was the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Shaw who settled in Dromana in 1875 and established the Kangerong Guest House.
DROMANA. The death occurred on Monday evening, at the Kangerong boarding house, of Mrs Shaw, sen, after a brief illness, at the age of 69 years. The deceased lady had resided at Dromana for a very long time, where she carried on business as a boarding house keeper. Being of a kind and assuming disposition, she was very highly respected by all whom she came in contact with. Extreme sympathy is felt here for the members of her family in their sad bereavement. Deceased was interred in the Dromana cemetery on Wednesday afternoon, Mr Welling conducting the burial service. Among the floral tributes in condolence was noticed a very pretty wreath from the president, secretary, and councillors of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, her son (Mr A. V. Shaw) being one of the councillors of the above-mentioned shire.

Archie married Maud McKeown and their children were Maurice, Ernest, Archibald, Betty (Mrs Weir) and Jack.

Archie stood for election in 1898 but the hinterland residents must have swung the balance.
CORRESPONDENCE. TO THE EDITOR. Sir,-For the vacancy in the Flinders and Kangerong Shire caused by the re- tirement of Cr Bowen there are two candidates-Messrs A . V. Shaw and L. Nowlan both sons of highly respected residents of the Peninsula. It is indeed a great pleasure to see these two young men aspiring to the position of councillor. It cannot be said that they are occupied in an ignoble attempt to oust an old and valued representative, consequently the ratepayers should do their level best to give the candidates their warmest support. The seat is looked upon by some as being the sole right of a "Mountain" representative, but the theory respecting the distribution of shire seats has received a rude shock of late. Sorrento and Portsea are the proud possessors of three representatives, whilst Dromana, the second most important town in the shire, is placed in the anomalous position of not having a resident councillor. Mr Nowlan lives in close proximity to our popular and energetic president, Mr Callanan, so I fail to see the necessity for his candidature. Mr Shaw, on the other hand, is a Dromana resident, and has shown by the many positions held by him and also by his past actions that he has the advancement of the shire at heart. He is deservedly popular and should command a strong support on polling day. I am, sir, yours truly, - AN ELECTOR.

PERSONAL PARS. In response to a requisition signed by sixty ratepayers, Mr A. V. Shaw, of Dromana, has definitely decided to offer himself for election as one of the representatives for the Centre Riding of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. An announcement regarding his candidature appears elsewhere.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-7-1903.)

SHIRE COUNCIL ELECTIONS. FLINDERS AND KANGERONG COUNCIL.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 29 August 1903 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... Riding, the candidates were Messrs A. V. Shaw and Nelson Budduck, the latter being an ardent advocate for "reform." Dromana put Mr Shaw 27 in the lead, at Flinders the difference in the totals was only two, while at Red Hill Mr Rudduck secured a majority of 14. Mr Shaw consequently gained the seat by ... 235 words

SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 25 August 1906 Edition: MORNING. p 2 Article
... OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. In this shire the retiring councillors had no opposition, which shows that the ratepayers were quite satisfied with their representation. Therefore, the following were duly elected: A. V. Shaw (Centre Riding), E. Clark (West Riding), J. Davies etc.

FLINDERS AND -KANGERONG SHIRE. There were two contests for the three vacancies. In the East riding, Cr. Davies was re-elected unopposed. For the Centre riding the candidates were Messrs Nelson Rudduck and A. V. Shaw, the latter being the retiring member. It will be remembered that last year Mr Rudduck had a very close contest with Cr. Sharp, who only gained the seat with two votes to spare. The contest was conducted on fair lines, and the result was a good majority in favour of Mr Rudduck. This gentle man should prove a worthy councillor having a lengthy experience of the district's requirements, as well as being one possessed of sound business qualifications. The voting was as follows: Rudduck. Shaw. Flinders ... 52 41 Dromana ... 47 38 Red Hill ... 33 8 (Totals:137 87) Majority for Rudduck, 50. (P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 28-8-1909.)

The many friends of Mr A. Shaw, of "Kangerong," who has been indisposed for the past fortnight, will be glad to hear that he is now convalescent. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 8-7-1911.)

Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw,of Kangerong, Dromana,died on Tuesday,aged 63 years. Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years, during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P.6, Argus, 27-10-1932.)





Archie's son Maurice, who ran Shaw's Garage for many years, also ran a bus service which was much appreciated by hinterland residents. In another article (about a discussion by council of this service being stopped from connecting with the Portsea service bus at Moats Corner), Maurie's name was given as J.M.Shaw. It is likely that his first given name was James, his maternal grandfather being James McKeown.
REDHILL. (EXTRACT)The usual bus service run by Mr Shaw from Dromana to Red Hill has been discontinued owing to orders from the Transport Board. This bus was a blessing to local residents, as owing to petrol and tyre restrictions, it was almost impossible to get down to Dromana beach. It was also convenient when necessary to get to town unexpectedly, or, if the early train from town was missed. It will be very much missed, and it is hoped that the service will soon be allowed again to fill the needs of local residents.
(P2, Standard, Frankston, 5-4-1945.)




SIMPSON Rosemary Joan 1979-

SPUNNER Kenneth Jack J.P. 1968-77
John Spunner (1834-1922) was born in Tipperary and after arriving in Australia in 1860 he was burning lime at Sorrento by 1862. He received a grant of 162 acres in Wannaeue in 1867 but lived in "Hillholme" at Sorrento.Kenneth Jack Spunner is the great grandson of John, being the grandson of John William and the son of John Eldred. Ken was Shire President for two consecutive terms. (LLL150)

STANLEY Robert 1886-94, 1906-15
Stanleys Rd (Melway 191 F5) honours this pioneering family. It is possible that Joseph P.Stanley followed this track to Stumpy Gully Rd and then headed about two miles north to his selection,104B Bittern, for which he received the grant on 17-2-1885. Of just over 95 acres, this land was at the south west corner of Myers and Stumpy Gully Rds with frontages of 806 and 546 metres respectively.

FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE .COUNCIL. Saturday, March 27. Present.-Cr Davies (president), Buckley, Haig. Bartholomew, Shaw, Macfarlan and Brown. Cr Stanley, in consequence of ill health was granted six months leave of absence. (P.2, Dandenong Advertiser and Cranbourne, Berwick and Oakleigh Advocate, 8-4-1914.)

On the motion of Cr Shand a letter of condolence was directed to be sent to ex-Cr Stanley in his recent sad bereavement. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 13-5-1916.)

BALNARRING. The present month has ushered in tragedy. Two of the oldest, best-known and most respected residents have gone to the great beyond. Mr Paul Vansuylen was the first. Contracting a bad cold he developed pneumonia and almost before it was realised that he was very ill, he had succumbed on 2nd inst. in spite of the best medical aid. Mr Vansuylen has resided here from boyhood, his father having been a very well-known identity of early times. He leaves a wife and a large grown-up family. He was buried as Hastings, and a very large number of mourners followed his remains to tHe cemetery. He will be greatly missed. Mr Robert Stanley died on the Sunday following (9th). He had suffered a long and painful illness, having been ill since December, 1914. In his case a severe cold started many complications, and he gradually sank lower and lower, till death came as a merciful end. Mr Stanley was also a resident here from boyhood, his father having arrived amongst the first pioneers. He was a man of great energy and active sympathy in all local movements. He and Mr Vansuylen were the life of the A.N.A., the Progress Association and the School Committee. Mr Stanley was also for years a councillor in the Flinders shire, where he had a reputation for honesty and outspokenness. No men will be so much missed as he and his old time friend, Mr P Vansuylen.
(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 15-7-1916.)

From Mary Karney's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.
STANLEY P.195. E.Stanley arrived in 1861. His sons Bob, Joe and Bill were given the task of minding some cattle. They stuck to their task so well that J.BUCKLEY led a search party of 20 men to find them. The boys were returned home from the Mt Martha area by Teddy Quinn . This story is told in full in THE MEN WHO BLAZED THE TRACK. Bob Stanley married a Byrne girl and their children were Vincent, born 11-5-1896, and Vera.

STORY Henry C. 1885-6
The Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, has been pleased to appoint:Henry William Wilson, Henry Clarke Story and John Townsend to be members of the committee of management of the land temporarily reserved by order of the 24th December, 1884, as a site for public recreation at Dromana, in the places of Robert Caldwell, deceased, and William Grace and Edward Latrobe Bateman, who have left the colony. (P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 25-1-1888.)

STORY. On the 22nd inst.,at The Oaks, M'Culloch-street, Dromana, Henry Bacon, beloved son of William and Eliza Story, aged 10. (P.1, Argus, 26-8-1889.)

Story is an unfortunate surname to trace on trove. It is possible that another of the tens of thousands of entries might pertain to Henry Clarke Story but I don't intend to spend the rest of my life finding out whether this is true.

Wise's 1895-6 directory lists William Story as a boarding house keeper in Dromana. In 1900, the executors of Joseph and William Story were assessed on 80 acres in Dromana. If this was accurately described, the land was west of McCulloch St, the eastern boundary of the township of Dromana, but Archibald Vine Shaw's "Kangerong" of 37 acres was described as being in Dromana too, when it should have been labelled Kangerong.

In 1910, Eliza Story (William's widow, I presume), was assessed on land and building, McCulloch St; I presume that this was a boarding house and was called The Oaks. Joseph Storey, presumably her son and named after his uncle, was leasing 142 acres, 6, section 3, from Charles Bernett. I believe the owner of this land was Charles Barnett, the grantee of the Railway Estate in Dromana. The land which Joseph was occupying was granted to H.B.Simon, known in folklore as Simon the Belgian (or Frenchman.) It was on the north side of Arthurs Seat Rd from Melway 171 J1 to 190 B1, and consisted of 142 acres and 8 perches. (See the end of this entry re the Barnett-Story connection.)

The interesting thing is that the address of both Eliza and Joseph was 175 Mt Alexander Rd, Flemington. This address would have been swallowed by the grounds of Flemington Girls' High School, now Debney's Park High School and the Story family would have known the Debneys, Flemington tanners, who built and occupied houses at Dromana.

I suspect that the Story family was very influential and Story St, in which University High School is located, may have been named after a family member. It is also possible that Joseph Story (dead by 1900)married a daughter of Big Clarke or his son, Sir William. John Agnews Bruce, a son-in-law of Big Clarke, owned the northern 1000 acres of the survey (between the Martha Cove Waterway and Bruce Rd and east to Bulldog Creek Rd)so it is not unknown for Clarke relatives to be involved near Dromana. The Clarkes owned the rest of the survey until 1907. The councillor's second given name was most likely his mother's maiden name, as was the custom. Was this the connection?
(Melbourne) CITY COUNCIL. FORTNIGHTLY MEETING. - MONDAY,APRIL 21.
Present-The Mayor, Aldermen Wragge, Stewart, Williams, and Bayles, and Councillors A K Smith, Story, Clarke, Fenwick, Richardson, Anderson, Ham, Lee, Aarons, Gatehouse, Kennedy, Moubray, Benjamin, M'Ilwraith, M' Culloch, Pigdon and Glyn. (P.6, Argus, 23-4-1873.)

Joseph Story stood in the North Melbourne election in 1877, for the state parliament. A petition was later presented to the Speaker claiming discrimination against Bryan O'Loughlen (a longtime state parliamentarian and treasurer) and in favour of John Laurens (who won) and Joseph Story, in rulings about the validity of votes. (Page 7, column 2, Argus, 23-6-1877.) This Joseph Story was probably the above councillor, and the father or uncle of the Dromana pioneer.

The Story family was in Dromana by 1877 when Joseph Story owned 30 acres and 3 town lots. J.Story was the grantee of five town lots, crown allotments 6-10, section 16. These ran between Verdon and Heales Streets starting 100 metres north of Ligar St and having frontages of another 100 metres. They were all granted on 30-12-1873.

I remembered seeing the name Story when I was trying to sort out the licensees of the Dromana and Arthurs Seat Hotels. My notes turned up gold. In 1886-7, Henry Clarke Story, storekeeper, was assessed on 5 allotments Dromana and 30 acres and buildings leased from G.R.Davis. You will notice that Joseph Story was assessed on 30 acres in 1877 and bought 5 town lots from the Crown; he may have mortgaged 2 town lots by 1877 or it could be just one more mistake made by the rate collector. This confirms my suspicion that the councillor was Joseph's son. William had another son called Henry, Henry Bacon, whose death notice appears above.William was described as a hotel-keeper and must have been helping widowed Catherine Jane Wainwright (soon to become Mrs William Allison) run the Arthurs Seat Hotel. William Story was assessed on one lot and building.

More rate research revealed the following. The 2-10-1875 assessment gave Joseph Story's occupation as hotelkeeper. He was not assessed on a hotel (which the rate collectors annoyingly called a "building" and could only be identified from their nett annual value)and was assessed on 30 acres and six town lots at Dromana. No evidence has been found of Joseph Story gaining a publican's licence but he must have had one and been leasing Scurfield's hotel from George Assender or the Dromana from Richard Watkins.

The 29-7-1889 assessments indicate that Joseph Story had died and that Eleanor Story was his widow. She was assessed on 2 allotments and buildings, 5 allotments and another allotment in Dromana. William Story was described as a "Gentleman" and paid rates on 2 allotments and buildings, 1 allotment and 1 acre in Dromana. Henry Clarke Story was not assessed.

I believe that the Story family, like the Watkin family was linked by marriage to Charles Barnett, who is discussed in my journal MORNINGTON PENINSULA HISTORY NOTES (2).

OBITUARY
LT.-COL. C. B. STORY
Lt.-Col. Charles Barnett Story,VD, commandant of Bonegilla AIF camp, and formerly OC 37th Battalion, 1st AIF, died at Heidelberg Military Hospital yesterday, aged 57.He had been ill for 10 weeks.In civil life Lt.Col. Story was a teacher in the service of the Victorian Education Department, and just prior to his call-up for full-time military duty in June, 1940, he had been lecturing in chemistry and metallurgy at Caulfield and South Melbourne Technical Schools. Born at Dromana, he graduated B.Sc. of the Melbourne University, and was in the teaching service before enlisting in 1914. He went abroad as a company commander in the 37th Battalion, and was given command of the battalion in France. After the war he became secretary to the administrator of the Northern Territory for 3 years, and then resumed teaching in Victoria.
Called up to organise the 4th Training Battalion at Albury, he formed what later became the 2/23rdBattalion, AIF. In August, 1940, he was given command of a training battalion at the Bendigo Showgrounds, and in September, 1940, he was appointed area commandant at Albury, and camp commandant at Bonegilla. He continued in this dual appointment until February of this year, when a separate area commandant was appointed, and he continued as Bonegilla camp commandant.
Lt.-Col. Story, who was a widower,leaves a son, who is a lieutenant in the Second AIF abroad, and a daughter, Mrs. Bruce Powers. He will be given military honours at his burial. The cortege will leave the chapel of B.Matthews Pty. Ltd.. Toorak rd.,South Yarra, at 11 a.m. at the Melbourne General Cemetery tomorrow, and it is expected that many of his old comrades of the 1/37th Battalion will attend.
(P.5, Argus, 13-10-1941.)

Charles Bennett STORY
Religion Church of England
Occupation Public servant
Address North Carlton, Victoria
Marital status Married
Age at embarkation 32
Next of kin Wife, Mrs Agnes Elmora Story, 1032 Drummond Street, North Carlton, Melbourne, Victoria
Enlistment date 8 March 1916
Rank on enlistment Major
Unit name 37th Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/54/1
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A34 Persic on 3 June 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll Major
Unit from Nominal Roll 37th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)
Mention in Despatches
Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette' No. 30706 (28 May 1918); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 165 (24 October 1918).
Fate Effective abroad (still overseas)
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll) *Bennett spelt Barnett
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
2012 (THE A.I.F. PROJECT.)

Unfortunately, as Charles was married at the time of enlistment,details of his parents are not given.
MAPPING OUR ANZACS has a page listing and giving details about those born in Dromana who served in W.W.1. It has the attestation questionnaire that Charles filled in upon enlistment but no details of his parents.His second given name is clearly written as Barnett.

An article on page 4 of the Northern Standard (Darwin)of 28-10-1941 refers to Charles unsuccessfully standing for the Northern Territory seat in parliament and a feud, but adds no other personal details.

Charles was born in about 1884 and would have been about 12 in 1896.
Best Executed map of Australia. First prize 5s (gift of W. Fletcher, Esq. Tanti Hotel, Mornington), second, 2s 6d; third certificate - Charles Story, Dromana 1, George F. Flood, Mornington 2, Charles Crowley, Mornington 3.(Extract from the page 3 report on the Mornington and Red Hill Horticultural Show at Mornington, Mornington Standard, 19-11-1896.)







STYNES Percy Walter 1962-9
SULLIVAN Jeremiah William 1960-1

SUTHERLAND Alexander R. 1924-33
Alexander Sutherland was most likely the son of Dr Roderik Sutherland, who bought "Seaview" at Shoreham. It is also likely that the councillor's second given name was Roderik, or perhaps Roderick.

FLINDERS. After the termination of the Reform League meeting in the Mechanics' Hall on the 4th inst., a suggestion, which had previously been privately discussed, was made, that a fund be organised for the benefit of the widow and young family of the late Frank Culliver who recently lost his life through a lament able accident. As the sadness of the occurrence has elicited general sym pathy and the bereaved family are now left without means of support, the pro ject at once found favour. Mr L. Wilding undertook the duties of honorary secretary and treasurer of the movement, and the following gentle men, living in different parts of the district, to whom subscription lists have been issued were enrolled as a committee :-Messrs C. T. Cooke, T. Darley, L. Nowlan. F. T. Prebble, J. Simmonds, J. Guest, H. James (Flinders), R. G. Edwards, L. Murphy (Dromaua), J. Crichton (Boneo), and A. Sutherland (Shoreham). (P.6, Mornington Standard, 19-12-1903.)

The 84 acres known as Brown's Farm, at Shoreham, sold by Messrs Rupert Nicolson and Co. on Wednesday. It brought �590, Dr Roderik Sutherland, of Collins-street, being the purchaser. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 22-2-1902.)

SUTHERLAND'S. The farm known as "Seaview," recently part of the estate of the late J.T. T. Smith, has now been purchased by Mr Sutherland. 'The property contains about 80 acres and, like most of the Shoreham land, is an ideal dairying block, for which purpose Mr Sutherland intends to utilise it, and has a good strip of land under cultivation to provide green feed for his cattle. The homestead, which was built by the late Captain Brown, is in a good position, and the Shoreham creamery adjoins the property. (AROUND FLINDERS. P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1902.)

FLINDERS. His many friends will be sorry to hear that Mr Henry Tuck, sen., met with a very painful accident on Monday last. When on his way to the Shore ham creamery with a supply of milk, his horse gave a sudden swerve, which caused the vehicle to be overturned, and Mr Tuck was thrown heavily to the ground. In addition to a severe shock and several very bad bruises, he was so unfortunate as to have two ribs broken owing to one of the heavy milk cans falling on to him. Fortunately Dr. Sutherland was then staying at Shoreham, and medical aid was soon obtainable. Mr Tuck is now doing as well as can be expected, and it is hoped that he will be able to get about again before very long.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 19-11-1904.)

It is probable that Alexander ran "Seaview", with the doctor just holidaying there, but Alex was still involved with his Melbourne friends such as James Morell. He was Best Man when James married the daughter of the owner of the Esplanade Hotel in Mornington. The bride was Alice, her surname now being the hotel's name. (Starts with K!)(P.2, Mornington Standard, 15-4-1905.)




SYMONDS John 1911-13
James Symonds was another original ratepayer of the Flinders Road Board. On 8-6-1869 he was assessed on a house and 358 acres and another house and 167 acres leased from James Quirk, both properties being in the parish of Flinders. In the last assessment (13-6-1874) before the Flinders and Kangerong Boards merged to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, James was assessed on a 6 roomed house and 75 acres and John Symonds on 288 acres. On 31-7-1880, James had 84 acres, John 285 acres and Mary, a spinster, 1 acre, all in the parish of Flinders.

In 1894, members of the Symonds family assessed were Isabella, James and John. In 1897-8, S.P.Symonds was leasing one lot in Dromana from Allison. These last two pieces of information when I was researching the Adams family of "Adams' Corner" (Wattle Place) at Rosebud because the two families are related by marriage.


Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Haywood have been staying with Mr. and Mrs. James Symonds at their new home, Boona, Flinders.(P.10, Argus, 5-1-1934.)

MARTIN.-On December 7. at her residence. Dumfries, Raglan street, Daylesford, Elizabeth, the widow of the late Andrew Clarke Martin, and the beloved mother of Ailsa (Mrs. Jas. Symonds, Flinders), Jane (Mrs F. G. Hayward. Flinders). Charles C. (deceased, late First A.I.F. and Helen B. (Mrs. Dan McKinnon. Raglan street. Daylesford), dear gran of Jack Hayward (deceased). Charles M., Ailsa C. and Nancy H. (McKinnon). aged 84 years and 11 months. (Private Interment.)(P.14, Argus, 9-12-1949.)

SYMONDS.-On the 2nd January, at East Melbourne, John, the beloved husband of Isabella Symonds, of "Westward Ho," Flinders, aged 54 years. (P.1, Argus, 3-1-1901.)

FOUND DEAD.
FLINDERS, Thursday.
The body of a resident of this district, named Miss Ada Symonds, was discovered on the rocks near the gulf on the coast midway between Flinders and Cape Schanck this morning. It is very difficult to reach the position over the steep cliffs, except at low tide, and although the body is visible below the cliff it has not been recovered up to the present time. Mounted Constable Edwards is on the spot, and many friends are assisting. The deceased was 31 years of age.(P.7, Argus, 15-11-1901.)

FLINDERS. The sale of Barker's Cape Schanck and Boniyong properties took place in the Flinders Mechanics' Institute on Friday last. (Full article can be found in the BARKER entry.)The following were the public sales-Cape Schanck property: Lots 1, 2, and 8, with frontage to Cape Schanck road at Double Creek near Flinders township, about 29 acres in all, Mr J. Symonds, Flinders, 10 10s; etc.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 26-12-1901.)

COUNCIL MEETING. CORRESPONDENCE. From J. Symonds, Flinders, requesting permission to slope footpath leading to his shop. Granted, under supervision of officer.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-10-1895.)

There is a Symonds St (Melway 164 D9) but Symonds Road is no more.
COUNCIL MEETING.TENDERS. The works committee recommended the acceptance of B and S. Boyd's tender for 3 9s for formation on Symond's road, Flinders, which was adopted.(P.2,Mornington Standard, 5-5-1898.)

Sitting as a licensing magistrate Mr Smallman granted transfer of the license of the Flinders Hotel from Jos. Symonds to Miss Larkin, and of the Portsea Hotel from E. Jervois to John Smith.(P.2, M.S., 6-4-1899.)

Messrs Jas and George Symonds, of " Westward Ho," Flinders, started on Saturday last for a month's trip to New South Wales. They intend visiting Corowa show this week. (P.2, M.S., 16-8-1902 PERSONAL.)

From Symonds Bros., Flinders, asking for a transference of their slaughtering license from the present premises, "Westward Ho," to a paddock at Spring Creek.-Granted. (P.4, Mornington Standard, 1-8-1903.)
The Symonds seem to have leased what was called "the mountain paddock" in the sale of the Barker Estate, reproduced in full in the BARKER entry.(The following tenders will be called for next meeting- forming and gravelling 8 chains at Hopcraft's Hill, 26 chains at Allen's on Greaves' Road, Wiseman's at Red Hill, forming at Darley's at Flinders, Symonds at Mountain Paddock , and a new water trough at the Springs, Dromana. P.3, Mornington Standard, 29-9-1898. The Mountain Paddock may have had Spring Creek running through it.

Let's see if AROUND FLINDERS confirms this.
SYMONDS'. On the other (south) side of the road is " Westward Ho," the property of Mr. Symonds the local butcher, who holds about 75 acres in this block and about 300* some miles away. Most of this is really excellent land ; deep rich chocolate and black soil, which should grow anything. Mr Symonds has got his property in very good order, and it is certainly an ideal fattening country. The hay crop is (at present?) looking very promising. Flinders is likely to be a success as an onion growing district. Mr Symonds will probably have a large area under that crop next year.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 13-9-1902.)
* The mountain paddock consisted of 354 acres. (See BARKER entry.)

FLINDERS, Mr John Brest, who has for the past few years been carrying on the storekeeping business established by his mother (the late Mrs Worrall) a number of years ago, has now sold the goodwill of the business, and leased the property to Mr Jas. Simmonds, who hails from the city....In addition to the residence and shop now being erected for Mr Symonds, we hear that more houses are likely to be built in the township shortly. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-9-1903.)
I would presume that this was James Symonds Jnr and he had been working in Melbourne. Pretty stupid spelling the surname two different ways in the same article!








TERRY E.W. 1910
It is rumored that the return of Crs Cain and Chapman, will be opposed in the West and Centre Ridings of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire, by Messrs Terry and Spark.(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 9-7-1910.)

At the council meeting referred to below, Cr William Patterson gave notice of a motion to end the lease of the land used for the Sorrento tramway. Patterson didn't seem to have much support on council but he had plenty outside it, including ex-councillor Terry. Many objectors turned up when the Minister visited Sorrento to discuss the matter.
Among the objectors was ex Cr Terry, who got up at once and began to slate the Council. He was stopped by the Minister, who stated the Council was not on its trial. Terry, as a parting shot, stated he thought it only fair that he should warn the Minister of the class of men at the Council table. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 6-9-1913.)

As explained in THE TRAMWAY'S COPPIN' IT near the start of this journal,the council was persuaded to end the lease. (P.2, Argus, 29-9-1913.)

In 1900, Albert Terry was assessed on 136 acres (57AB, 52, 53, 54B, Nepean.) Crown allotment 52 seems to have been the "Blairgowrie" homestead block, possibly purchased from the executors of Dr Blair. It is bounded by Pt Nepean Rd, the Ocean Rd/Mary Rose St midline, Fawkner Ave and a line continuing Agnes Ave towards the beach. (The Blairgowrie homestead is in Scott Wynd.) Crown allotment 53 is west of it, bounded by McFarlan Ave on the south and a line (continuing the western boundary of Stringer Reserve to the beach road) on the west. 54B contains Fogarty Pde and Lever Ave house blocks. Crown allotment 57 is not divided into A and B; it is west of Stringer Reserve and contains Centenary St houses.

SATURDAY. JULY 30. At Three O'clock. On the Property,
KINNEIL. KINNEIL STREET, TOP OF HILL. SORRENTO.
By Order of THE EQUITY TRUSTEES CO. LTD. and W. TERRY. Esq., Estate Late Albert A. Terry.
COMMODIOUS W.B. & BRICK VILLA,
9 Large Rooms, Bathroom. &c; Electric Light, Hot-water Service, Premises Sewered, Lawn & Garden, Saw Bench. Very High Position, Commanding Extensive Sea Views. Convenient to Township, Close to Beach. LAND 1 ACRE 2 ROODS 29 PERCHES. VACANT POSSESSION. Title, Certificate. Solicitors: Snowden, Neave, & Demaine. 433 Lit. Col- lins Street. Terms: 20% Deposit, Balance Within 30 Days. (P. 18, Argus, 23-7-1949.)

Kinneil St and Terry St are both in Melway 157 D9.

An Albert Terry had been a brewer in South Yarra by 1868 but his company had been taken over by the new Carlton Brewery in 1896.
LICENSING ACT. TRANSFER OF LICENCES
At the fortnightly sitting of the Metropolitan Licensing Court, held yesterday, with Judge Moule and Messrs. Cresswell and Dwyer, P.M.'s on the bench, transfers of licenses were granted as follows - Walter Cookman to Catello Langello, Aus-tralian wine license, King-street ; Hannah Leen to Charles Mills, Exford Hotel, Russell-street ; James Salvador Morrell to Elizabeth Morrell, Bull and Mouth Hotel, Bourke-street ; Albert Augustus Terry (as owner) to Rupert Millett, Commercial Club Hotel, Fitzroy ; etc. (P3, Argus, 16-8-1910.)

Young Ron Terry of Sorrento was an Argus Junior in 1949.

The wedding was celebrated quietly on August 15 of Eric, second son of Mr. Albert A. Terry and the late Mrs. Terry, of Kurnell (sic!), Sorrento, and Alice, only daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. John Connell, of Rosedale, Whorouly. (P.14, Argus, 16-8-1934.) Ron was probably the son of Eric and Alice.

ENGAGEMENTS.
Joan Patricia, younger daughter of Mr E.W. Terry, Burnham , Sorrento and the late Mrs Terry to Henry Edward Dudley, only son of Mr and Mrs T.E.Hickson Scarboro(sic), Eastwood Street, Kensington.(P.10, Argus, 13-5-1933.)

I believe that E.W. was more likely to be the councillor than Eric. Was it E.W. or E.N? It was E.W. Perhaps I copied it wrongly from LIME LAND LEISURE.
FLINDERS AND KANGERONG SHIRE. Cr Cain, who has had a lengthy and honourable career, was ousted from his seat in the West Riding by Mr E. W. Terry, who had worked energetically, backed by a strong committee. The figures were : Terry Cain. Sorrento .. 104 86, Boneo ... 46 4, Rye ... 25 16, Rosebud ... 22 10, Postal Votes ... 54 37, totals 251 153. Majority for Terry, 98.(P.2, mornington and Dromana Standard, 27-8-1910.)

Incidentally, two interesting house names. E.W.Terry's house was named after a Sorrento fishing family. Two of the Burnham brothers moved to Rosebud circa 1913, building a fish shop on the Hindhope Estate and a ti tree jetty at the end of Boneo Rd, which the great Arthur Boyd painted from two directions as a teenager. (See Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD, and google a. ROSEBUD, BURNHAM and b.CALL TO SAVE PIECE OF ROSEBUD HISTORY.) George Scarborough bought town lots at Kensington in 1849. Scarborough Place is named after George and Princes St was renamed after his neighbour, John Rankin.

TERRY.-On October 19, at Sorrento,
Albert A., dearly loved husband of Marion, darling daddy of Jocelyn.

TERRY.-On October 19. at Kinneil,Sorrento, Albert A., loved husband of the late Edith Le Poer, and loved father of Bob, Eric , Harold, Beryl, (Mrs. K. Cone), Rod, and Cedric, aged 81 years.

TERRY.-On October 19. at Sorrento,Albert A., beloved father of Beryl, father-in-law of Ken, loved grandpa of Diana. -Sleeping peacefully.

TERRY.-On October 19, at Sorrento, Albert A., loved father of Bob and Con, dearly loved papa of Yvonne.
(P.11, Argus, 21-10-1948.)

P.S. Harold died at Bendigo in 1954 and the councillor's mother was named Edith.(P11, Argus, 9-7-1954.)





THOMPSON Robert William 1956-8
TIMMINS Edward Peter Juncton 1960-4

TONKIN Bryan 1885-7

Flinders and Kangerong (Shire) :-East Riding : Bryan Tonkin, 61; John Joliffe (retiring member), 38. For the West Riding there were two candidates, Mesrs. Edward Ford and J..E. Bensilum, the latter being returned by a majority of 14. For the auditorship, Mr. George M'Lear was returned unopposed.(P.4, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 19-8-1885.)

I have just given up, after three hours, trying to locate, on trove, an article about Captain Bryan Tonkin, which gave the name of his property; I had mentally noted this fact while pursuing other information well over a year ago. POSTSCRIPT. It was Tolcarne! Bryant Tonkin's death notice was in the same paper as that of John Buckley's youngest son, a fact to which I was alerted by seeing Tolcarne in the summary of the trove article. TONKIN-On the 20th October, at Carnarvon, Glebe? avenue Cheltenham, Bryant, beloved husband of Mary Alice, late of Tolcarne, Balnarring, aged 78 years.
TONKIN-On the 20lh October, it Carnarvon, tab* avenue, Cheltenham Priant, loving brolber 5h of Mrs ] I I Brunner, and undi, of Hiw, Beni ind Greta. (Just thought you'd like to see what trove digitisation looks like before it's corrected! P.1, Argus, 21-10-1932.)

I have now found that he was a ship's captain who was criticised in 1861 in regard to not acccording full value to sovereigns proffered by his passengers, still a skipper in 1869, and arrived at Hobson's Bay on 21-2-1871 on the Suffolk with his wife and son.

The Argus directs the attention of those who take a practical interest in the importation of first class stock to this colony to three very fine specimens which arrived in Hobson's Bay on Tuesday from London in the Suffolk. They comprise two bulls and a heifer from the herd's of Wm. Hosken & Son, Hayle, Cornwall, one of the first and most famous breeding establishments in tho old country, and they have been imported by Captain Bryan Tonkin, formerly commander of Messrs. Wigram &Sons, London liner Norfolk. Captain Tonkin having given up his seafaring life, is going to settle in Victoria, and devote his attention to bucolic pursuits. Of the animals he has imported, one bull and the heifer are for his own farm, and the remaining bull, which has been brought out on speculation, will be offered tor sale. The first on tho list is a roan bull, named etc.(P.3 South Australian Register, Adelaide, 6-3-1871.)

Probate has been granted to the will of the late Bryan Tonkin. The amount of the testator's estate is �1280.
(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 26-9-1908.)

From Mary Karney's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.
TONKIN P. 196. Captain Tonkin died 12-7-1908. His son Bry (short for Bryan, also his father's name) married Mary Smith. The book contains information about the Smiths. The hill on Tonkin's grants (at about Melway 191 H8) was called Tonkin's Hill.

TUCK Samuel 1875-6
By the last assessment of the Flinders Road Board on 13-6-1874, Henry Tuck had split his Manton's Creek estate up between himself and his sons. Henry Sen. had 550 acres, Sam 135, Thomas, 106, Henry Jun. 95 and John 80 acres. Sam would appear to be the eldest son. Henry wasn't preparing for his retirement, as shown by the following.

FLINDERS. His many friends will be sorry to hear that Mr Henry Tuck, sen., met with a very painful accident on Monday last. When on his way to the Shore ham creamery with a supply of milk, his horse gave a sudden swerve, which caused the vehicle to be overturned, and Mr Tuck was thrown heavily to the ground. In addition to a severe shock and several very bad bruises, he was so unfortunate as to have two ribs broken owing to one of the heavy milk cans falling on to him. Fortunately Dr. Sutherland was then staying at Shoreham, and medical aid was soon obtainable. Mr Tuck is now doing as well as can be expected, and it is hoped that he will be able to get about again before very long.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 19-11-1904.)

DEATH OF MR. HENRY TUCK, OF FLINDERS. [Communicated] By the demise of Mr. H. Tuck, which occurred on St. Patricks's Day, we lose one of the oldest settlers in the colony, the deceased having been a resident of the Flinders district for more than half a century; since the time indeed when Victoria was an in- tegral part of New South Wales. Mr Tuck's license (now in the possession of the eldest son, Mr. Samuel Tuck), was signed by Charles La Trobe, Lieut. Governor, bearing date 1846. Mr Tuck at that period had a run of over 6000 acres along the shores of Wes- ternport Bay, this large block being described in the license as land ad- jacant to Manton's creek. The abori- ginals who then peopled the country in considerable numbers were not of hostile or warlike disposition, and it was not found necessary to deal harshly with them; indeed as a mat- ter of fact they were so humanely treated that they made periodical visits to Mr Tuck's dwelling house for food and "'baccy." 'It will therefore be seen that Mr Tuck was one of the earliest pioneers, and he and his family being so well known and re- spected throughout the peninsula we will give a few particulars respecting the life of one whose name is as suredly perpetuated, and will ever be associated with the past and present history of Flinders. Deceased hailed from Scotland, he having been born in the Isle of Skye, in the county of Inverness, in the year 1810. At an early age he went to London and afterwards worked in the Yarmouth fisheries. He left England in 1830 and came out to Tasmania (or Van Diemens Land as it was then called), where he worked as a sawyer on the Huon River and at Esperance and Oyster Bays. Whilst at work to- gether at a saw pit a mate of his was speared by the blacks, and he very narrowly escaped a similar fate. About this time so troublesome and dangerous did the blacks become that the Government, in self defence, de- termined to exterminate them, and Mr Tuck was one of the line of volun- teers formed for that purpose. We are told that the line extended from one side of the Island to the other, each man composing it being placed a certain distance apart. Thus they traversed, the Island only, however, to capture a Lubra ! all the other blacks having skilfully passed between the watches at night. Mr Tuck was married in 1837 and came over to Melbourne in the same year in the employment of Mr John Sutherland, working with a mate, also a Scotchman named George Petrie. They were en- gaged sawing red gum in what is now the streets of Melbourne. There he purchased some land, which, if re- tained, would have made his fortune. In 1844 he entered the services of Captain Reid, who had a station near Mount Martha, and he was subse- quently engaged by Mr McCrae (the father of George Gordon McCrae, author of the "Man with the Iron Mask" and other popular poetical works) who had taken up a run at Arthur's Seat, on the Shores of Port Phillip Bay. He was afterwards em- ployed by Mr John Barker (now clerk of the Legislative Council) of Cape Schanck station for many years. In 1846 he took up the run at Flinders already referred to, and his wife joined him there in 1847. Mrs Tuck residing at Manton's Creek, seeing no one but her husband, an occasional stockman from Mr. Barker's station, and the wandering tribes of blacks, who used to speak of her as the "white lubra with a lot of picanninnies." On that memorable day, Black Thursday, February 6th, 1851, Mr Tuck and a companion named Isaac Stubbs were digging a waterhole for Mr Barker, when they were surrounded by the fire, and suffered severe straits from thirst. In 1852 Mr. Tuck tried his luck on the Bendigo diggings, and being fairly successful, bought a pre-emptive right on his old run at Flinders, and when the run was cut up he secured what he could of it, the whole amounting to 1000 acres. He was a member of the first Road Board that was formed in the Flinders district, and was thus a colleague of the late Mr T. O. Martin, President of the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, who preceded him to the grave by a few months, and up to the time of his death Mr Tuck was a trustee of the Flinders Cemetery. About three years ago his health failing he sold a portion of his land and the land boom tempted him to part with more, but he retained 40 acres around the old homestead where he resided up to the last. He leaves four sons and three daughters and a great many grandchildren. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 29-3-1890.)

Journeying on towards Manton's Creek, We reach a part of the district which might very appropriately be named Tuckville, and are reminded of the old local riddle-Why is Manton's Creek like a petticoat ? (Because it is surrounded by Tucks). Messrs Samuel, Henry, Thomas and John Tuck, who have all large families, are very old residents df the district, being sons of the late Mr.Henry Tuck, senr, who, in company with the late Mr John Barker, was one of the pioneers of the pe'ninsula. Mr John Tuck has about 48 acres of grazing land, which has, however, just been leased to Mr Skillen of Sorrento, as Mr Tuck has obtained the Dromana to Portsea mail contract, and will need to reside on the other side of the peninsula. Being close to Flinders, and containing some splendid soil, this should be an ideal place for market gardening. H. TUCK'S Mr Henry Tuck has about. 160 acres of first-class land, and goes in for grazing. This is certainly a fine property, and almost any kind of a crop" should grow splendidly in the deep rich chocolate soil. T. TUCK'S. On the other side of the road is about 160 acres of very good grazing and farming land, owned by Mr Thomas Tuck, who also goes in princi- pally for grazing, but has a good area under crops of hay, potatoes, &c,which are doing well. S. TUCK'S. Mr. Samuel Tuck has a very nice property. The homestead is prettily situated on the top of the hill above Manton's Creek, and is well sheltered by ornamental trees. Mr .Tuck, who owns between 300 and 400 acres of well grassed rich land, goes in largely for dairying and fattening cattle, and has his place in splendid order. (AROUND FLINDERS. P.2, Mornington Standard, 13-9-1902.)

LOCAL AND GENERAL IMPORTANT AUCTION SALE Attention is directed to an announcement of an auction sale in this issue by Messrs. Frank J. Boileau and Vinnicombe. The property to be offered at Scott's Hotel, Collins St., Melbourne, on Wednesday, November 29, at 3 p.m., consists of 321 acres of good dairying and agricultural pro- perty at Shoreham. The land is portion of the estate of the late Samuel Tuck.(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 25-11-1933.)

PENINSULA PROPERTY SOLD AT AUCTION Mr. Frank J. Boileau, acting for the executors of the late Mr Samuel Tuck, whose father selected the 321 acres at Shoreham in 1846, submitted this property to public auction at Scott's Hotel, on Wednesday, the 29th. November, and after good bidding sold to Mr. G. H. Young, of Oakleigh, for 3,725 pounds. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 16-12-1933.)






TURNER Jean Merle 1979

VANSUYLEN Paul Snr. 1880-2
I thought Paul Vansuylen might have rated a word or two in LIME LAND LEISURE and my hopes were exceeded; he rated three words if you count "Snr". It would have been five words if his name had appeared in the index! I have read heaps about Paul,an original Flinders Road Board ratepayer in 1869 whose descendants still live in the area, but it must have been in Bruce Bennett's THE BUTCHER, THE BAKER THE or the Hastings heritage Study. I did not make notes but I recall the Tower Hotel and "Warrawee".


Warrawee consisted of 27AB Balnarring of nearly 165 acres, bounded by Warrawee, Balnarring and Frankston-Flinders Rd. Paul Vansuylen was also granted 17 B Balnarring of 59.2.2 on 21-7-1884 and 17A, adjoining it on the north, of 59.1.39 on 21-1-1881. The Flinders Road Board's first Assessment of 1869 showed that Paul Van Suylen was occupying 224 Balnarring; this was probably Warrawee and 17B, a total of 223 acres 1 rood and 32 perches or 223.45 acres.
17A and B were at the south west corner of Bittern-Dromana Rd and Balnarring Rd with frontages of 478 and 819 metres respectively, the Bittern North/Balnarring boundary, near Merricks Creek,being the western boundary of both allotments. The parish of Balnarring was on the west side of Banarring Rd and the parish of Bittern on the east side.

Paul Vansuylen Jnr was granted 109B, 110A2 and 110B Bittern of 224 acres 3 roods and 19 perches on 24-7-1894.This was at the south west corner of Stumpy Gully and Bittern-Dromana Rds with frontages of 1035 and 761 metres respectively.There was also a Balnarring Rd frontage of 335 metres north of the 10 acre recreation reserve (110A, gazetted 1874) which had the same southern boundary as 110B.

Paul Vansuylen was a member of a sail-making family in Antwerp, Belgium. He came during the gold rush but found his rewards in tent-making, earning him the later nickname of "Old Tenty". As well as supplying tents for diggers, he probably supplied tents for Canvas Town (Emerald Hill/South Melbourne) where the deluge of arrivals was accommodated on arrival.

My local phone book does not contain one entry for the Vansuylen name but Paul's descendants have links with other pioneering names as Perrot, Myers (see MYERS entry), Slocombe (Tyabb), Hurley, Buckley, and Huntley.
Vansuylen Circuit was named in a recent subdivision by a descendant of John Buckley.Warrawee has streets named Buckley and Hurley as well as another named after Johnsons, another pioneering family.

The Vansuylen Bros., as they were frequently called in council minutes, played both footy and cricket for Balnarring. They were, or included, P.,W. and C.Vansuylen who didn't bat well against Somerville but one of them took 6 for 27. The Van Suylen Bros. were among Balnarring's best in an easy win over a weakened Dromana in Footy. (Mornington and Dromana Standard 19 Nov. and 9 July, 1910.) I presume these bros were the third generation. Joe may have been another Bro. C. Vansuylen was chosen for the latter when a Peninsula District Football Association NORTH v SOUTH match was played in 1926 and was Balnarring's vice captain in 1925. W. Vansuylen was allowed a transfer to Somerville when Balnarring folded in 1912.

BALNARRING. Master Joe Vansuylen has received a certificate from the Education Department for attending school for a period of three years without missing a single day. This diligence in his school work augurs well for his success in after life. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-8-1904.)

It seems that Joe was a bro. BALNARRING. William Vansuylen, a scholar at the local school, has obtained the Education Department's certificate for attendance. This is the second member of the Vansuylen family who has attended for three years without missing a meeting. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 10-6-1905.)

TICK TOCK, IN THE DOCK!
LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. CIVIL SITTINGS BEFORE EASTER TERM. NEW COURT-HOUSE.-THURSDAY, FEB. 28.
(Before his Honour Mr. Justice Barry and a Special Jury of Six.)
REIBER V. VANSUYLEN.
Dr Madden for the plaintiff, Mr Purves for the defendant.

This was an action brought by George Reiber, a carpenter, against Paul Vansuylen, a publican at Balnarring, in the county of Mornington, to recover damages-firstly for slander, secondly for an assault. The defendant pleaded not guilty It appeared that in February, 1877, the plaintiff went to work at the defendant's place in the construction of some buildings. About Easter, 1877, a watch belonging to Miss Vansuylen, a daughter of the defendant, was missed. The defendant, in the course of a conversation with the plaintiff and others, accused Reiber of being the thief, and threatened to send for a policeman. The plaintiff, according to the evidence for the defence, begged him not to do so, and said ho would sooner pay for the watch than be disgraced in that way. The watch was found in the following August by a boy named Davies concealed between two bricks near Vansuylen's place. It was tied up in a handkerchief, which Mrs Vansuylen swore she had seen in the plaintiff's possession The plaintiff denied all connexion with the loss of the watch. As regarded the assault, the plaintiff swore that on one occasion the defendant threw some bricks at him when he was working at tho house, and that he was bruised on the shoulder. The defendant, on the other hand, asserted that he only threw a piece of quartering on to the roof to show the plaintiff a portion of the building that required repair. As to the alleged slander, the defence was that it was spoken under circumstances that made it privileged. The jury gave a verdict for the defendant on all the counts.P.3, Argus, 1-3-1878.)

VAN SUYLEN - HUNTLEY. - On the 31st July,1915, at St George's Church, North Carlton,by the Rev. Father O'Hagan, Phillip,eldest son of Mr and Mrs P. Van Suylen, of "Hazelmere,"Balnarring, and Catherine Evelyn (Lyn), youngest daughter of Mrs J. Shand, of "Kentucky," Balnarring, and the late John Huntley, Brighton. (P.11, Argus, 23-10-1915.)

BALNARRING. At the last meeting of the local Branch of the A.N.A. the following oflice-bearers were elected for the ensuing six months :-President Mr A Myers, vice-president Mr P. Vansuylen, secretary Mr D Buckley, treasurer Mr G. Myers, committee Messrs L. T. Perryman, V. Vansuylen, A. Thomas, E. G Stone and P. Vansuylen jun , auditors Messrs F. Clarke and M. Hurley, press correspondent Mr R. Stanley. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 17-5-1913.)

EMU PLAINS RACE CLUB. The annual meeting of members was held at the Balnarring hall on Tuesday evening. There was a good attendance, and Cr J. Davies, the club's worthy President, acted as chairman. It was decided to hold races at Emu Plains on Monday, December 27th, 1909, and a com- mittee was appointed, consisting of Messrs J. Turner, J. Connell, W. Mairs, E. Buckley. A. Johnson, Jas. White, J. Riley, John White, G. Myers, W. Wright, P. Vansuylen and C. Greaves*, with Mr H. Downward as secretary and Mr T. Stanley assistant secretary.
(P.2, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 27-11-1909.) *Charles Graves !

This would be Paul Vansuylen Jnr. I think Gooding should be Goding.
VAN-SUYLEN.-On the 2nd July, 1916 at Haselmere, Balnarring, Paul, dearly beloved husband of E. J. Van Suylen, and loving father of Mrs. Gooding, .Mrs. A. Perrott, Phil, Lizzie, Col, Willie, Joe, Jack, Clarence, and Maggie. R.I.P. (P.1, Argus, 4-7-1916.)

BALNARRING. The present month has ushered in tragedy. Two of the_oldest, best-known and most respected residents have gone to the great beyond. Mr Paul Vansuylen was the first. Contracting a bad cold he developed pneumonia and almost before it was realised that he was very ill, he had succumbed on 2nd inst. in spite of the best medical aid. Mr Vansuylen has resided here from boyhood, his father having been a very well-known identity of early times. He leaves a wife and a large grown-up family. He was buried as Hastings, and a very large number of mourners followed his remains to the cemetery. He will be greatly missed. Mr Robert Stanley died on the Sunday following (9th). He had suffered a long and painful illness, having been ill since December, 1914. In his case a severe cold started many complications, and he gradually sank lower and lower, till death came as a merciful end. Mr Stanley was also a resident here from boyhood, his father having arrived amongst the first pioneers. He was a man of great energy and active sympathy in all local movements. He and Mr Van suylen were the life of the A.N.A., the Progress Association and the School Committee. Mr Stanley was also for years a councillor in the Flinders shire, where he had a reputation for honesty and outspokenness. No men will be so much missed as he and his old time friend, Mr P Vansuylen.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 15-7-1916.)

From NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE by Mary Karney.
VANSUYLEN P. 197. They built the first Balnarring store on the southern tip of the triangular piece of land.(I presume the south eastern tip of Warrawee, Melway 193 D5, is meant.) They built a kiln and made the district's first fired bricks. (This explains why the carpenter chose to hide the stolen watch between bricks.) Paul built Warrawee, later called the Tower Hotel, as an inn in 1860. Warrawee is the aboriginal term for "pleasant Place".The Vansuylens ran the post office 1868-81 (after which Johnson ran it in Dromana-Bittern Rd as described in the 1902 article about Bittern.) As well as liquor, the Vansuylens sold hardware.

VAN SUYLEN - HUNTLEY. - On the 31st July,1915, at St George's Church, North Carlton, by the Rev. Father O'Hagan, Phillip, eldest son of Mr and Mrs P. Van Suylen, of "Hazelmere," Balnarring, and Catherine Evelyn (Lyn), youngest daughter of Mrs J. Shand, of "Kentucky," Balnarring, and the late John Huntley, Brighton.
(P.11, Argus, 23-10-1915.)




WARREN Albert Arthur 1965-7

WETTENHALL Milton B. 1919-25
At the last meeting of the Shire Council Councillor A.D.Forbes of the East Riding and Councillor J.L.Brown of the West Riding announced their intention of not seeking re election. The president (Councillor Macfarlan) and other councillors expressed regret at the announcements. In the Central Riding Councillor Wettenhall is opposed by Mr Holland of "The Rest" Flinders,and the contest is likely to be very keen.
(P.14, Argus, 17-8-1923, BALNARRING.)

MORNINGTON -Councillor M.B.Wettenhall of Flinders has sold his station property Clondrisse to Mr Barrett of Melbourne at 14 pounds an acre. (P.29, Argus, 7-4-1923.)

WETTENHALL W.H. 1917-18
The Wettenhalls were residents of Flinders and were given a farewell in 1926 because they were leaving the district for Camperdown. Unfortunately the print in the article is so faint that it cannot be read, but it appears that Cr Wettenhall (probably Milton) was involved in the race club, the tennis club etc. I have corrected some of the digitised version.

Mr. Wettenhall, M.L.A., who defeated Mr.J Menzies for the Lowan seat in the Farmers' Party interests at the recent State elections, is a brother to the President of the Shire of Flinders, Cr. C.M. Wettenhall, who is regarded as one of the Peninsula's best citizens. (P.4, Mornington Standard, 10-12-1920.)

VALEDICTORY SOCIAL AT FLINDERS.
TO MR. AND MRS. WETTENHALL AND FAMILY.
"The Peninsula? Post" of 12th November contains the following report of a valedictory social to Mr. and Mrs. Wettenhall and family prior to leaving Flinders to take up residence in the Camperdown district. Ik-iuuifnl floral bouquets were presented to Mrs. and Miss Wettenhall upon their entry to the Mechanics' hall, which was crowded with friends, assembled to bid farewell to the guests of honor. Cr. Thos. Holland occupied the chair and apologised for the absence through niii?.-. of the Shire President Cr. S. Holland J.P?, and also for Mr. D. M. Maxwell. (P.6, Camperdown Chronicle, 18-11-1926.)



WIGHTON Robert J.P. 1875-6
The first Flinders Road Board assessment of 8-6-1869 shows that Robert Wighton had a house and 243 acres, Balnarring and Alex Wighton a house and 319 acres Balnarring. Robert's land was crown allotment 49 consisting of 243 acres 2 roods and 3 perches for which he received the grant on 5-4-1873*. This was west of Merricks Township (i.e. Meyricks Rd, Melway 192 D 9-12) and had a frontage to Frankston-Flinders Rd of 735 metres to the bend in Melway 257 B1, and includes today's Merricks Lodge. The north west corner is 705 metres along Thompsons Rd west of Meyricks Rd. *I initially took the year to be 73 but it could also be 79 or even 78 with a partly faded 8.

Strangely, Robert received the grant for crown allotment 50 (263 acres) on 5-4-1878. If c/a 49 was purchased in 1873, this makes sense but not if it was purchased in 1879. Crown allotment 50 adjoined 49 on the west side. It had a 492 metre frontage to Frankston-Flinders Rd and a 412 metre frontage to Point Leo Rd, from the corner (which is the allotment's southernmost point)to the bend in Melway 256 K1.

Alexander Wighton's 319 acres consisted of crown allotments 47 and 45,for which he received the grant on 14-5-1878. They were between Frankston-Flinders Rd and the beach, the former having a frontage of 760 metres to Point Leo Rd,with East Creek running just within its border. The reserve, between the part of Point Leo Rd past Griffiths St and East Creek, is part of Crown Allotment 46, granted to W.H.Home. Allotment 47 (Melway 257 B2 roughly) includes Nolan* Hill, its north east corner being just past 3469 Frankston-Flinders Rd. Crown allotment 45 (roughly 257 D1, E2) adjoined 47, and extended north east almost to 3575 Frankston-Flinders Rd. It ran all the way to the coast.

I probably missed J.Wighton's assessment in 1869. He was granted 84AB of 203.1.27 on 23-4-1874 according to the parish map but a notation (33/8248)might mean that the land was granted in 1874 but converted to Torrens in 1933. This was west of Robert's grants so that the total road frontage went from Melway 191 J 12 to 192 C12, a distance of 2.228 kilometres.

*Peter Nowlan, the first shire secretary of The Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, lived only 1.9 kilometres from this hill and it was possibly named after him or his family, possibly in relation to council affairs or early Roman Catholic services. If it was named after a pioneer the spelling needs to be fixed but it might have been named after a priest named Father Nolan.

Alexander Wighton was the local auditor of the council's books in 1881.
FLINDERS AND KANGERONG Councillors - East Riding - David Mairs, John Buckley, Paul Vansuylen sen. Centre Riding - John Barker, Nelson Rudduck (President), Alfred Head. West Riding - William B. Ford, Robert Anderson, John Cain. The Council meets at the Dromana Hotel on the last Saturday in each month at noon. Secretary, Clerk of Works, Valuer, Collector, Inspector of Nuisances, and Collector of Statistics - Peter Nowlan. Treasurer - Joseph John Burrell. Engineer - Thomas B. Muntz. Government Auditor - T. J. Maidment. Local Auditor - Alexander Wighton. Post Town - Dromana. Magistrates - Robert Anderson, Cape Schanck David Mairs, Balnarring ; John Barker jun, Flinders; John Crichton, Boneo, J'sP. Sessions - Last Saturday in each month at 11 a.m. Electoral Registrars - Joseph J. Burrell, Dromana, Peter Nowlan, Flinders.
(P.4, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 10-8-1881.)

I wonder if the Wightons were experiencing financial problems in 1879.
BALNARRING -Wighton's 8 FARMS, 1030 acres and improvements, permanent water, bay frontage Moderate price Henry Stevenson, Queen street. (P.8, Argus, 23-4-1879.) The 1030 acre total was made up of all the grants described earlier.

SHIRE of FLINDERS and KANGERONG -Notice is hereby given, that Messrs. John Buckley and Paul Vansuylen being duly nominated to fill the vacancy in the council for the East Riding of the above shire, a POLL will be TAKEN for tho election of one councillor at the State School, Bittern, on Thursday, tho 10th day of August next
(signed) ROBERT WIGHTON,
Returning Officer. Balnarring, August 1,1870.(P.8, Argus, 3-8-1876.)

Flinders and Kangerong (Shire) -The election resulted as follows -Balnarring East Riding-Mr J C Downward, 42, Mr Mairs, 72. The latter was returned. Flinders Centre Riding-Mr R Barker, 42, Mr A Downward, 29, Dromana-R Barker, 62, A Downward, 19 Majority for Barker, 50. West Riding, Sorrento and Boneo-Ford, 94 , Wilson, 38 Majority for Ford, 56 Election of auditor-G McLear, 250, Wighton , 142 Majority for M'Lear, 108.
(P.6, Argus, 12-8-1881.)

THE WESTERN PORT LINE
FLINDERS, WEDNESDAY.
A public meeting was held here this even- ing, when, after some discussion, the following resolution was passed -"That Ulla meeting views with alarm tho proposed omission trom tho luilvvav Mill of the h rankston to Weitem Port Uno, and expresses on corno t hopo that tho prosont Government may Bee fit to endorso tho action ol their predecessors tho said Uno bavins: been unanimously passed by both llouscsot tho Legislatura in 1882 .

Several other motions, with reference to securing concerted action and proper representation, were also carried unanimously. Messrs D Mairs, JP, R.Barker, and R.Wighton were appointed delegates to wait upon the Minister of Railways and urge the claims of the district, and it was resolved to request the co operation of Phillip Island, Hastings, Balnarring, and other places. (P.7, Argus, 16-10-1884.)

Either of the following might be the Balnarring pioneer.
1.DEATH OF OLD COLONIST. -Old residents will regret to hear of the death of Mr. Robert Wighton, who passed away at Beechchworth on Friday of last week, at the advanced age of 80 years. Deceased, who was born in Scot land, came to Australia about 1857, and after some experience of mining in the Beechworth district, became associated with North Ovens Road Board and council, for which bodies he did a great deal of work over many years. He then removed to Tallangatta, but about two years age took up his residence with relatives at Springhurst, where he was well cared for. Deceased never married. His remains were interred in the Beechworth Cemetery on Monday last, the Rev. R. B. ,Mmoleoil, of the Proebytorlan Church officiating at the grave.

Deceased was a brother of the late Mr. Andrew Wighton, who is well and favorably remembered as an engineer of North Ovens Shire Council for a long period.((P.2, Ovens and Murray Advertiser, 7-7-1917.)

2. THE Friends of the late Mr. ROBERT WIGHTON are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, in the Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral will leave the residence of Mr. J.M'Aree, No. 16 Shiels-street, North Melbourne,at 2 p.m. (P.1, Argus, 6-4-1899.)

WIGHTON. - On October 22. at Epworth Hospital. James Robert Nicol (late 29th Btn. 1st A.I.F.), formerly of Geelong, of 73 Somerset street, Richmond, dearly be loved husband of Maude Wighton, and loved dah of Gwen, Jack, and Ian McNamara, aged 65 years. -At rest. (P.16, Argus, 23-10-1956.)

You might find it hard to believe there is any connection in the above with the Wightons of Balnarring. But there is, and it concerns a dog! The dog had walked from Brighton to Clunes in about one day.
The Talbot Leader has the following respecting the travels of a dog. Mr. Robert Nichol, of Beckworth Court, about fourteen days ago, on going to visit his station on the Murray, took with him from home a shepherd's dog or common coolie, to be given to a gentleman in Melbourne, and sent on to Mr. Robert Wighton, at Balnarring. (Portion of article on page 3 of The Mercury, Hobart, 22-5-1875.)

A pleasant social gathering took place at Balnarring, on Tuesday evening last, the occasion being a complimentary farewell dinner to Mr S M Planck, head teacher of the Shoreham State School, he having been a teacher in the district for upwards of 11 years, and is, it is understood, about to be transferred to a school in a more populous locality, at Avenel. The chair was occupied by Mr Robert Wighton.
(P.9, Argus, 26-6-1883.)

I have a suspicion that there is a marital connection between the Wightons and the Lambles.

WILDING Joseph 1892-3
Flinders and Kangerong Shire- In this shire there is a contest in one riding only, viz., the Central ; Mr Tas. Wilding nominating in opposition to the retiring member Cr Brown.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-8-1892.

SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. The only contest was in the Centre Riding, where Joseph Wilding defeated the retiring Cr W. Brown by 21 votes. This result was almost anticipated, as a good many ratepayers desired a change. In the East Riding as usual, that popular representative Robert Stanlry had a walk over, and the same be said of Cr John Cain who was again re turned unopposed, a well-deserved recognition of an able councillor. this occasion George McLear has been re-elected auditor without opposition. A good man in the right place.
((P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-9-1892.)


WILSON Henry 1924-9
This Henry seems to have been the first son of Henry William Wilson and Thamer (nee Burdett), born in 1849.No other detail about him appears in LIME LAND LEISURE or A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

WILSON Henry William 1884-6, 1890-2
This would be the founder of the famous butchering business. Briefly he was born in London in 1820, married Thamer Burdett in 1842, was the licensee of the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in London in 1843, arrived at Sandridge, where he established an abbatoir, in 1853, had a Run at Cranbourne, which failed because of a disease in his cattle in 1858, and, in 1860, occupied a hut on the Survey at Melway 160 K3, just south of Wallaces Rd.Ben Stenniken from Rye and Tootgarook was leasing Survey land nearby and his daughter later married Henry's second son, Godfrey, in 1878.

Here he was working as a bullocky. The McLear brothers had started Dromana's first butchering business but by 1867 George McLear was paying Henry for meat for one of his employees, Thomas Tyler (possibly an ancestor of the late Vic Tyler of Rye, whose memoirs have recently been published.) Henry was slaughtering at the McLears' abbatoir in "Maryfield" but he was combining it with his first occupation and was paid for carrying slabs and rails in 1870 from McKeown's ("Glenbower" at Red Hill.) Later Henry bought 45 acres (shown as the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground in 1927 on page 172 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

Henry retired in 1877, passing control of the business to his second son, Godfrey, and this obviously allowed him more time for municipal affairs. There were no pensions in those days (except in exceptional circumstances and requiring a hearing and witnesses to prove the case)so Henry William Wilson became a newsagent at Dromana as shown by Wise's 1897-8 directory.

WILSON Henry William 1975-
Henry William Wilson was born in 1919, the first son of H.W.B.C. Wilson (see below) and with his five brothers took over the business after their father's retirement in 1948. They expanded the retail outlets into Mornington and about six major Gippsland towns, which were more profitable than the Peninsula ones. They also rransferred the slaughteryards from Blairgowrie to Moat's Corner in 1955.


WILSON Henry William Burdett Coutts J.P. 1930-43, 1945-7
This Henry was the first son of Godfrey Burdett Wilson and Maria (nee Stenniken), born in 1879. Godfrey had taken over the business in 1877 and built a shop and a house "Beauvoir" , obviously named after the aforementioned London pub, in McCulloch St, Dromana.
Godfrey had expanded the business into Sorrento in 1904 at the suggestion of George Coppin (Edward Williams having moved from his farm near Truemans Rd to "Eastbourne" and George White having bought his butcher shop as a residence)and the Sorrento branch passed to HWBC (as I shall call him) after Godfrey's death in 1919. HWBC built shops at Rosebud (20's), Portsea ('34), Sorrento ('39) and the Boneo Rd corner and McCrae in the 1940's.
HWBC Wilson died in 1956.

WILSON. _ On October 9, at Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, beloved husband of the late Ellen, loving and loved father of Godfrey, Jack, Henry, Sam, Ben, Mary, and Alan, aged 76 years.
WILSON. - On October 9 at, Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, much-loved father of Godfrey, father-in-law of Ailie, grandfather of Lorraine and Godfrey.
WILSON. - On October 9, at Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, loved father of Alan, father-in-law of Betty, loved grandpa of David, John, and Philip.
WILSON. - On October 9 at Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, dearly beloved father of Sam, father-in-law of Joan, and loved grandpa of Christine, Linda, and Gregory.
WILSON. - On October 9 at Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, loving father of Henry, father-in-law of June, grandpa of Peter, Pam., Diana, and Patricia.
WILSON. - On October 9, at Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, dearly loved father of Mary (Mrs. Clarke), father-in-law of Peter, and grandpa of Steven, Gary, and Robyn.
WILSON. - On October 9 at] Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, dearly loved father of Ben, father-in-law of Donnie, grandpa of Jeffrey and Joanne.
WILSON. - On October 9. at Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, dearly loved father of Jack, father-in-law of Ada, and pa of Maryrose.
WILSON. - On October 9. at Cain street. Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, dear friend of Agnes and Maud Heywood.
WILSON. - On October 9, at Sorrento, Henry William Burdett Coutts, trusted friend of Doris Kirwood.

WILSON. - The Funeral of the late Mr. HENRY WILLIAM BURDETT COUTTS WILSON (former councillor, Shire of Flinders, 25 years) will leave his residence, Cain street, Sorrento, THIS DAY (Monday), after a service com- mencing at 3 p.m., for the Sorrento Cemetery.
CHAS. MORGAN. Sorrento 15. (All notices, P.11, Argus, 10-10-1955.)

See the Wilson appendix after the last councillor's entry.



WOOD Forest Edmond (Joe) 1942-3, 1945-55. Prominent in gaining Rosebud hall. Suggested Queenscliff-Sorrento ferry. Wood St between Eighth and Ninth Ave, Rosebud is named after him. See ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

"Stagger holidays and cut their cost." Rosebud, Wednesday.
CHEAPER and more comfortable holidays would follow a staggered leave period, Cr. F. E. Wood told Flinders
Shire Council. - The period should be from December 1 to the end of February or later, he added. He was supported by Cr.A. Dark, of Sorrento who said thousands of people went to Sorrento at the same time each year, and could not be accommodated. (P.8, Argus, 10-2-1955.)

WRIGHT Vernon George 1968-78
Vern Wright Reserve in Tootgarook was named after this councillor. I rang Ron Doig, who has provided much information for me in the past. Ron's father, a poultry farmer, bought the western half of James Trueman's grant after marrying a Rowley girl, and was instrumental in the area being named Tootgarook. The Doig farm was eventually subdivided as the Oceanaires Estate but as Raymond and Alma Guest had subdivided the Almaray Estate earlier, most of the streets on the old Doig farm are named after the Guest family (except Doig Avenue.)

I have found no information about Vern on Trove but Ron gave me the name and phone number of Vern's grandson,as well as telling me that Vern was a really good councillor, was heavily involved with the Tootgarook Hall, and had played footy for Carlton. The following shows that Vern was born in 1900 and was still a sitting councillor at the time of his death.

BLUESEUM.org
Vern Wright
(The page includes a very good photo of Vern in his playing days.)
Career : 1920, 1922
Debut : Round 15, 1920 vs Melbourne, aged 24 years, 97 days
Carlton Player No. 357
Games : 5
Goals : 0
Last game : Round 3, 1922 vs Collingwood, aged 26 years, 10 days
Guernsey No. 26
Height : 173 cm
Weight : 69 kg
DOB : 2nd June, 1900

Vernon Wright was a journeyman utility whose five senior matches for Carlton were spaced over three seasons from 1920 to 1922. Obviously a loyal clubman, he stayed on at Princes Park for another four years after his last senior game, and played in a forward pocket in Carltons inaugural Reserves Premiership team in 1926.

Ron Doig said that Vern received a typical response of those days, when he went to shake his opponent's hand before his first game for Carlton; it could best be described as a death threat!

Wright was born in Brunswick in 1900. In 1919 he became one of the first players to play in the new League Seconds for Carlton District (the forerunner of Carlton Reserves), while his father Richard became one of the Carlton Delegates to the VFL. Richard Wright had also been Treasurer of the Carlton Football Club during 1914 and 1915, and was a Life Member of the club.

From The Football Record Page 25, May 17, 1919 :
Regretful reference was made at the meeting of the League on Friday to the death of Mr. Frank Hyett, one of the Carlton delegates, by Mr. G. Inskip, who occupied the chair. Mr. R. Wright*, who has been appointed delegate of the Old Blues, was cordially welcomed. Delegateship seems to run in the family, as Mr. Vernon Wright, son of Mr. R. Wright, represents the Carlton District at the Junior League**."

In 1920 Vern Wright was offered a place in the Blues senior side for the round 15 match against Melbourne at the MCG. He was assigned to a half-back flank alongside his captain, Paddy OBrien that afternoon, and both men had good games while Carlton hammered the Fuchsias by ten goals.

In his second match, he started in the back pocket in another big win over Geelong, before Carlton rounded off the home and away rounds by thrashing Collingwood at Princes Park. By then, Wright could boast of three wins on the trot by an average margin of 59 points - just as his career came to an abrupt halt.

He wasnt selected in either of Carltons 1920 finals teams, and was cleared to Brunswick for the 1921 season. Remarkably, he returned to Princes Park in May, 1922 and in rounds two and three of that year, played in a ten point victory over Fitzroy and a 7-point loss to Collingwood at Victoria Park in the only loss of his senior career. That was to be Wrights final appearance with Carlton firsts - but not his last in the Old Dark Navy Blue. He was cleared back to Brunswick on May 3, 1923 but later returned to play with Carlton's Reserves.

On Grand Final day in 1926, while the crowds in the stands built toward a mammoth 59,000 at the MCG, Carlton and Geelong Reserves met in the curtain-raiser for the Seconds Premiership. Running out for the Blues, and still proudly wearing the number 26 on his back, Vern Wright shared the roving duties with Ernie McAlpine, and helped his team to an emphatic 52-point win.

Vern later became the Foundation President of Carlton's Past Players & Officials Association, and in 1977 he followed his father's footsteps by being awarded Life membership of the Carlton Football Club. He died on April 17, 1978, aged 77.

Footnotes
-* Richard Wright
-** 1919 was the first season of the Leagues Reserve (or 2nd Grade) competition, which lasted for 80 years before being wound up at the end of 1999.

Another website reveals young Vern's height and weight.
Vern Wright
Name Vern Wright; Born 1900-06-02; Height 173 cm; Weight 69 kg.



WRIGHT-SMITH Straun 1950-2
Defeated (as retiring councillor) in west riding by Bradbury in 1954.(P.9, Argus, 20-8-1954.)

YEATMAN Leslie Paul 1963-6


WILSON APPENDIX.
HENRY WILLIAM WILSON, BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER, MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VIC., AUST.
Journal by itellya.

This journal results from a request for information about Henry William Wilson. Hopefully I will be able to cut and paste much of it from previous work.

Street names in most parts of the Southern Peninsula honour the family of Henry William Wilson. Henry Wilson Dr and Thamer St in the Rosebud Industrial Estate recall Henry and his wife. Coutts St at Safety Beach recalls a Wilson presence on the Survey. Burdett St on the west side of Truemans Rd is on the Stenniken grant. Coutts Ct, Benjamin St, Godfrey St and Wilson Rd west of St Johns Wood Rd at Blairgowrie recall that the shopping centre sits on the old Wilson abbatoir site. When I started my research, I wondered if Wilsons Rd at Mornington was named after Henry William's family. I believe that both the road and the C.B.Wilson were named after Charlie Wilson, the train-driving President of Mornington Shire, the child of a female Wilson from "Tuerong" and a totally unrelated Wilson male from an equally old Schnapper Point family. (Joan Downward, Bonnie William website re Tuerong.)

Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gives much detail about the Wilson family on pages 43 to 47.Henry was the son of a London butcher and the licencee of the Beauvoir Arms Hotel, Kingsland Rd, London, in 1843. With his wife, Thamer, and four children, he left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant, arriving at Port Phillip on 23 April. Their youngest daughter, Emily, died during the voyage.

He established an abbatoir at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) while living at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne.) He would have been living in a tent in Canvas Town as Emerald Hill was first known. Rents were extraordinarily high in Melbourne and most newcomers had to slum it at Canvas Town or Newtown (Fitzroy.) After a disease in his cattle on a run near Cranborne led to failure, he moved to Dromana in the early 1860's.

He had a bullock dray and four bullocks and initially lived in a slab hut on what was later to become Walter Gibson's No.10 paddock of 125 acres, then part of Jamieson's Special Survey. (Melway 160 K4 and bounded on the north by Wallaces Rd according to the subdivision map of Clarke's Estate.) The Stenniken land was a triangular block, the base of which was formed by the Nepean Highway and the sides of Moorooduc Highway and the upper reaches of Tassells Creek.( Roughly 151 D11, and sold as part of the Bruce Estate.) Henry took over as Dromana's butcher after the McLear brothers gave it up, but he first slaughtered on their "Maryfield" before buying the 45 acres that became the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground (P.27) from Mr Carrington and slaughtering there.
Henry was born in London in 1820 and died at Dromana on 17-12-1894.Thamer (Burdett!) was born in 1818 and died on 18-11-1894. (Both are buried at the Dromana Cemetery, their headstone easily read.) Their children were Henry John b. 1849, Godfrey Burdett 17-2-1850 to 21-1-1919, Thamer Burdett b.1846, Sarah b.1850, Emily 1852-3.

Godfrey married Maria Stenniken (b. 6-1-1855, d. 1-9-1927) in 1878. Their children were Henry William Burdett Coutts (1879-1956), Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph (1891?-1953) and Samuel James Stenniken (1886-1949.)
(They must have had other children, surely. LIME LAND LEISURE has more Wilson genealogy.
I should have found the Wilson family connections before I typed the above.
WILSON-BURDETT
Henry William Wilson married Thamer Burdett.
This marriage took place in England. Henry was the son of a London butcher. In 1843, Henry was running the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in in Kingsland Rd, London. Henry, Thamer and their four children left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant and after a remarkably fast voyage, which obviously stopped them getting into the doldrums (in both ways), they reached Port Phillip on 23 April. (Dreamtime of Dromana page 43.) This source and Lime Land Leisure contain much business and genealogical detail about Henry�s descendants.
It is possible that some of Thamer�s family came with them and any Burdett family historian should inspect the Emigrant passenger list for that voyage. Henry established an abbatoir at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) and lived in Emerald Hill, where it is possible that he came into contact with Isaac White and Captain Henry Everest Adams, pioneers of Rosebud, and that Captain Adams gave Henry Wilson an idea.
It is likely that Thamer was related, however distantly, to Sir Francis Burdett and his daughter, Angela Burdett. Sir Francis, a Baronet, had married Sophia, daughter of Thomas Coutts, a wealthy banker who founded Coutts and Co.
Now if Henry had chatted to Captain Adams, the old sea dog would have bragged about being connected to Lord Vivian (which led to the name of his vineyard, Vivyan, with spelling altered in case Lord Vivian had an agent in Singapore- and given names of many in the Adams line). Wilson would have thought, �Well, my wife is related to the wealthiest woman in England and one of the greatest social reformers and philanthropists in the world; why not flaunt that fact?� He was speaking of Angela, the first Baroness Burdett- Coutts and that is possibly how the Wilsons and Stennikens used Coutts as a given name and Coutts St in Safety Beach got its name. See Historic Origins of Street names entry and the sources named above. (Details about Angela Burdett -Coutts from Wikipedia.)
The Burdett Quarry, on 101 hectares at 160 Potts Rd, Langwarrin, was possibly established by relatives of Thamer. Burdett St in Frankston�s The Pines Estate would have been named after the quarry family, which must have been in the area fairly early (since they shared this honour with the pioneering Brunnings family of Somerville); if it had been one of the many subdivision of Wilson land there would have been another street named Thamer, Wilson, Godfrey, Benjamin etc nearby. See next entry re Coutts.

WILSON-McDOWELL
Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph Wilson (son of Godfrey Burdett Wilson and grandson of Henry William and Thamer) married Dorothy McDowell. Ben�s first given name came from his maternal grandfather Ben Stenniken. His brothers had Henry, William, Samuel, James, Burdett, Coutts and Stenniken as given names.
Allotment 17, Wannaeue, on the west side of Jetty Rd, which extended to Spray St and Eastbourne Rd, was subdivided in the 1870�s by the Woolcotts of Melbourne. George and Susan Peatey purchased 2 acres on which they grew vegetables, which they sold along with poultry, eggs etc. Their cottage burnt down in 1912 by which time their son had established a similar business on the east side of Peatey�s Creek (Murray-Anderson Rd) on a Rosebud Village (foreshore) block. Another early purchaser from the Woolcotts was the Education Department but that block was not as big as the present school site.

The subdivision sold very slowly for the next forty years!

By 1920, Mrs Mary Butler had a house on lot 49 and her rate notice was to be sent to Mrs McDowell of Rosebud . Robert McDowell had lots 77, 79 and part of lot 75 and buildings. These were across McDowell St from the Presbyterian Church, which became the site of Woolworths. Ernest Rudduck�s store was being run by L.C.Leech. Houses had been built by the Cairns family, Mrs Helena Salina Mitchell of Essendon, and Joseph Maconochie of Richmond. One house had disappeared and Alf and John Peatey were assessed on the block only.
McDowell Street changed little for years. The McDowells� neighbours were Don Miller and his caravan park opposite the school, Rosebud Ted opposite Pattersons Garage, then Ivy Patterson, Harry Nichols and the SEC on the Rosebud Avenue Ave corner.
SOURCES: A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear, Kangerong and Flinders rate records, Wannaeue parish map, Pine Trees and Box Thorns by Rosalind Peatey, The Cairns Family of Boneo by Peter Wilson, On the Road to Rosebud by Peter Wilson, Map of early Rosebud incorporated in �Early Rosebud� by Ray Gibb.

WILSON-RUDDUCK
Samuel James Stenniken (son of Godfrey Wilson and Maria, nee Stenniken) married Ruby Bery Rudduck, daughter of Nelson Rudduck and Jane Sophia, nee Chapman.
After Nelson died in 1935, Sam and Ruby moved into Piawola, the fine double storey house next to the Uniting Church in Dromana that Nelson built in 1894. The connection between the families goes back to the arrival in Dromana of Nelson and Jane from Dandenong in 1871 or early 1872. By 1867 Henry William Wilson had given up his occupation as a bullocky to become a butcher, grazing and slaughtering on 45 acres that was known as the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927*, and selling his meat from a shop whose location is described in two different ways by Colin McLear. (Main St or McCulloch St?) Henry retired in 1877 at 57 and Godfrey took charge of the company, expanding into Sorrento and building a brick shop and home** in Gibson St, Dromana. (*New abbatoirs had been established at Melway 167 F2, and operated until 1955, where Coutts Crt, Godfrey St, Benjamin Pde and Wilson Rd now stand. **Godfrey named the home Beauvoir after a hotel that his father had run in London in 1843.)
Sam was born in 1886 and died in 1949. On his father�s death in 1919, Sam and his brother, Ben, took over the Dromana portion of the empire Godfrey had built up and also expanded their retail into McCrae and Rosebud where older brother Henry had built shops. They relocated their shop to Main St in 1934.


Henry's son, Godfrey, married Ben Stenniken's daughter, so a bit of information about this other pioneering peninsula family will not go astray. The following comes from the FAMILY CONNECTIONS entry in my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.

STENNIKEN-SHERLOCK
Benjamin (1815-1897) married Mary Ann, daughter of Samuel Sherlock.
Mary Ann was the sister of the Sam Sherlock who was much involved in the southern peninsula as a lad and later became a pioneer of the area north of the Osborne Township which the locals called Green Island. This name is perpetuated by Green Island AvE(145 E6). Ben and Mary Ann (and Mary Jane, probably their daughter) were buried at Rye Cemetery; their details are on the cemetery microfiche at Rosebud Library.
Sam Sherlock worked for the Barkers at Boneo and at The Briars for Balcombe. After his marriage, he carried the mail on horseback from Rye and Hastings to Cheltenham.
( Osborne Primary School Centenary 1873-1973 by Leslie Moorhead.)
Perhaps it was en route to Cheltenham that he spotted the Green Island land. According to LIME LAND LEISURE, Sam Sherlock was a co-grantee of the Stenniken land (at 14) but it was probably Mary Ann�s father.


STENNIKEN-PRINCE
Benjamin Henry, son of Jack and grandson of Benjamin Jnr, married Dorothy, daughter of Harry Prince. Ray Cairns told me that Harry Prince bought some of his father�s land near Maroolaba and that it came into Ben�s ownership after the death of Harry Prince.
(See TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb.)
Ray Cairns� father, Hill Harry, inherited Maroolaba from his father, the original Robert Cairns, who settled in Boneo in 1852. Robert Cairns and the Pattersons moved to Fingal, near Pattersons Rd at about the same time in the 1870�s. Rather than repeat information contained in the PATTERSON-STENNIKEN entry, I will simply state that Maroolaba (part of which was bought by Harry Prince) was 260 metres from Mary Jane Stenniken�s grant. The Prince family could have earlier lived near Truemans Rd, but, if not, Fingal provides an explanation as to how the two families connected.



STENNIKEN-WILSON
Maria, daughter of Benjamin Stenniken Snr married Godfrey Burdett, son of Henry William Wilson. Benjamin Stenniken was based in Truemans Rd but also leased land on the western portion of Jamieson�s Special Survey near Pickings Lane, near Henry William Wilson's abode. Family members could have resided there to manage the property for Ben. Maria probably resided there in the summer. Big Clarke had bought the survey and the northern part was given to Bruce, his son-in-law. (Colin McLear�s version is more likely than Hollinshed�s.) Maria used to work at Bruce�s house during �the season�.
One more piece of information is contained in the final verse of one of my first pieces, a poem called ALONG THE BACK TRACK, which can be found in my CANTERBURY TALES and describes an imagined trip made by drapery hawker, Charles Graves, and young Godfrey Wilson in about 1860. They have traveled from The Willow (Safety Beach area) to the corner of Weeroona and Browns Rds, Godfrey having been reassured by Graves that the smoke came from kilns, not a bushfire.
As they turned back to Kangerong,
A well-known man came riding strong,
With five year old Maria, running late.
Godfrey married Maria in 1878.


STENNIKEN-CLEMENGER (See PATTERSON- STENNIKEN.)
Jack Stenniken married Lily Clemenger.
By 1910, Mary Ann Stenniken (most likely the owner of the Fingal land) was living in Dromana and assessed on crown allotment 6 of section 17. This block with frontages to McCulloch St and Heales St and halfway between the school corner and the freeway was leased from Patterson. Ralph Patterson had probably just leased it to her (because of the position of Mary Ann�s assessment). His wife�s entry is next and her property (1 lot and buildings, McCulloch St) was probably next door. As lot 6 had no buildings, it is likely that Mary Ann was staying with Ralph and her daughter, Rachel. Ralph Godfrey Patterson (whose second given name recalls the marriage of 1878 in the previous entry) was leasing 287 acres (lots 18 and 19) from Clarke on the Survey and was probably Rachel�s husband and Mary Ann�s son in law. His move to Dromana probably followed the sale of his Fingal grant to one of the Cairns family. (His 244 acres may have been the bulk of the 260 acres that Harry Cairns sold to Harry Prince.)
Robert Adams sold crown allotment 19 of Wannaeue (between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave) to William Tetley in about April 1889. Subdivision plan 3513 shows that the Clemengers bought lots 1-5 of section B, fronting Parkmore and Rosemore Rds. Albert Holloway built Parkmore in 1896, probably on lots 1-5 of section A, fronting Pt Nepean Rd. The Clemengers bought this historic house in 1908, after it was occupied for some time by Mr and Mrs Fair. The Clemengers introduced tented accommodation. Jack Stenniken was born in 1893 and died in 1970.
(Adams Corner and Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula by Ray Gibb.)
Jack might have met Lily at a dance at the Mechanics Institute dances at Dromana, Rosebud or Rye or perhaps at the Boneo hall on the CFA site. Another possibility is that he worked for Ralph on the Survey or met Lily on the way from Truemans Rd to visit Mary Ann Stenniken in Dromana.

BITS AND PIECES.
"A Dreamtime of Dromana" discusses members of the Wilson family on pages 43-7, 53, 65, 72, 80, 81?, 101, 114, 121, 132, 140, 144, 156, 162, 165 and 177. I would love to give these details now but I am halfway through the journals about the WHITES and THE RED HILL. However I find page 132 interesting because it tends to confirm my theory that George Wilson of the Flinders area might have been related to Henry William Wilson. Whoever made the index has stated that Sarah Wilson and her sons, George and Robert, settlers on Jamieson's Survey in 1855 signed the letter supporting Quinan's school. Sarah was obviously a widow and it is possible that Henry and Thamer's daughter was named after her. In 1900, George Wilson was assessed on 216 acres at Flinders and George Wilson Jnr on 96 acres at Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring (the latter being at Melway 255 J1.)

Is it possible that Henry William had a brother named George who came out with him, went to the Survey very soon and then died, leaving his widow and children on farmland that needed to be cleared before it could help to pay the rates? And that Henry, at Sandridge, having seen the enormous amount of sleepers needed to build the railway to that place at the end of 1854, moved into the "hut, Survey", on which he was assessed in 1863, to support her? (There is no mention of Sarah, George and Robert in that assessment although they signed the document in March 1861.)

By 1900, the ratebook revealed that Henry Willam (the son) had 1 lot and building, Dromana and 5 acres leased from Thompson. Godfrey Burdett had 144 acres and 2 lots, Dromana. The 144 acres included the 45 acre holding paddock/abbatoir that was called the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927 when Spencer Jackson was flogging the Panoramic and Foreshore Estates with the aid of his "history of beautiful Dromana" which the Dromana Historical Society has for sale.

In 1910, Mrs G.G.Wilson had 60 acres of the Cairns' brothers'320 acre "Little Scotland' at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rd but I don't know if she was related to H.W.Wilson, although Colin McLear mentions that they had land at Boneo. Godfrey Burdett Wilson, butcher, had: shop, house and land, McCulloch St, 1-3 of 4, 4 of 13, 11,2 of section 2; 40 acres 2,3 of 1 Kangerong, 100 acres and slaughteryards, Kangerong probably in Shergolds Lane ; 255 acres (lots 22 and 23 Clarke's.) His wife had house and land, Heales St, Ben had 150 acres Kangerong, Henry(living in Sorrento and running that branch of the empire) had 100 acres, Kangerong, and Sam, living in Dromana, had 180 acres Kangerong.

As the land designated as Kangerong was not granted to the Wilsons, it would take months of research to specify its location. Dromana Township was west of McCulloch St. Section 14 was bounded by the Esplanade, Verdon, Hodgkinson and Heales Sts with lots 1-3 near the beach, section 13 was across Verdon St, lot 2 section 2 was at the east corner of Latrobe Pde and McArthur St and I can only presume that 11 meant section 11, bounded by Codrington, Ligar and Verdon Sts with lots 10, 11 and 12, fronting Palmerstone Ave, granted to G.B.Wilson.

Lots 22 and 23 Clarke's is a pushover and the rate collector was amazingly accurate with the acreage! Lot 22 was 127 acres and 19 perches. Lot 23 was 127 acres 2 roods and 37 perches, giving a total of 254 acres,3 roods and 16 perches, only .15 of an acre out! The Wilson's were involved with the subdivision of the Safety Beach area and must have been involved with the land near Coutts St (160 D2) where the female drover thought Jagger's dairy was located. Lot 23 and 22 were between Pickings Rd and the south side of the Martha Cove Waterway with Victoria St the western boundary and the bend in Island Drive indicating the north east corner of lot 22. The western two thirds of the canals are in lot 23.
Even though he was living in Sorrento, Henry William Wilson Junior was still involved in the social fabric of Dromana. He was the Secretary of the Dromana Sports and was a handicapper for the athletic and wood chopping events. (Mornington Standard, 21-3-1901, p.26.) The Mornington Peninsula souvenir in The Argus of 7-6-1954 has and advertisement for the long established butchering business which features photos of the main players. This is just a sample of the information about the family that is available on trove.

5 comment(s), latest 12 months ago

janilye, Neil Mansfield and John Shorten deserve an ORDER OF AUSTRALIA award!

Family historians are the salt of the earth. They are always ready to help each other out and much of the information in my local history has come from them with great enthusiasm. However some go way beyond the call of duty! janilye typifies that breed. She showed me how to save countless hours and seems to spend half her life clarifying confusion for other researchers.

Neil Mansfield wrote the incredible THE DAVID MANSFIELD STORY, produced detailed records of Bulla Cemetery and volunteered to improve the graphics in some of my histories.

John Shorten is more of a local historian but scanned the first (handwritten) 2500 pages of my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE which was produced to give family historians detailed information about their ancestors. Both Neil and I have been supplied with files by John, who helped Neil with the Bulla Cemetery records.

You might want to nominate others and explain why. How about it, Australian members of family Tree Circles. Too many awards for history go to ego -trippers; it's about time these fantastic people quietly working behind the scenes were recognised.

5 comment(s), latest 11 months ago

Notes and index for THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL, Vic., Aust.

This book was written by Mary Karney in partnership with Bruce Bennett who has written several books about early butchers, bakers, shopkeepers etc on the Mornington Peninsula. Mary has written No Rugged Landscape and a transcription of Georgina Oswin's diary, which, with this book, are probably still available for purchase from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies. Mary is the daughter of Olive (nee Oswin) and grand daughter of 1865 pioneer, John Oswin, who married Georgina (Mills.)

Golden Plains has extensive information about Foxey's Hangout, the Tubbarubba diggings and the Downward and Oswin families. John Oswin's "Newstead" is wrongly described as being on crown allotment 35, Balnarring (granted to J.Caldwell); it was actually on crown allotments 55 A and B.

In the book, W.M.Gomm was listed as one of a group opposing alienation of the diggings. He was more likely Wm Gomm, son of Convict Henry Gomm. William was one of the grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village (where Jetty's Cafe is today) but later moved to Hastings and was followed on that block by his brother Henry. William died at Hastings in 1915, Henry at Cheltenham Benevolent Home soon afterward, and another brother, Thomas, at Dromana in 1896, not long after he had given evidence in a hearing regarding Alfred Downward's disputed election win. They were not related to Henry Gomm of Glenhoya at Somerville. Graham Whitehead has written an excellent piece on the City of Kingston History site about the two Gomm families based on my THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.

The sheep stealing described on page 33 did not all happen at Tubbarubba. The Hon. F.S.Grimwade was on Coolart. Alf Head's Fern Valley/Musk Creek straddled Stony Creek Rd. Alexander McLennan was most likely on his grant, c/a 1 and 2 Moorooduc, bounded by Moorooduc, Eramosa, Derril and Bungower Rds. Crooks was on Tuerong Park north of Vineyard Lane. Gibson may have been Walter, on Glenholm west of Collins Rd, Dromana and the survey, or another family near Red Hill (see DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL), I believe Sweetapple was near Red Hill and that I have mentioned him in a journal because I almost made a corny joke about his name. Griffiths may have been Griffith whose homestead block was lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision of the southern 4280 acres of Jamieson's Special Survey (Melway 160 H 3-4) with its north west corner indicated by (the seemingly, but not, historic) Bluestone Homestead/Cottage or perhaps on Mornington-Flinders Rd near Blakeley's and Head's where Cr Griffith had a block.

INDEX.
My apologies for not using columns. pre= before page 1.
A. Aborigines 1-2, 5. ALLCHIN 19. B. BALCOLME 7. BARKER 24. BARNES William 27.
BENNETT 19. BENTON 29. BESSIE RAINE 121. BOTT 23. BROWN 25. Bulldog Creek's name 1. BURTON 35.
C. CALDWELL 28. CALLANAN 3. CARLYON Norman 36. Chinese 7, 17, 18. CLARKE 18. COLLINS 34.
CONNELL Lou 39, 40. COOKE Lyn, Lawton 36, 44. CROOKS 33.
D. DAVEY James 22. DOWNWARD- throughout, photos. DRUMMOND 28. E. ELLEMAN 23.
F. FENTON James 35. FIRTH 6, 33, 39, 40. Foxey's Hangout pre, 38-44 (photos). FRITSCH 20, 34.
G. GIBSON 33. GOMM 19. GOTTLIEBSON 20, 34. GRAYDEN 34. GRIFFITHS 33. GRIMWADE 33.
GRANT Bros, Balnarring 30. GROVER 19, 28.
H. HALL 24. Hastings fishermen at diggings 20. HAYES Jack, trainer 34, 36, 44. HEAD 33.
HEGGINS 39. HOLMES Miles 35? HUNTER 19. HUNTLEY 31-2. HUTCHINS 19. I. IRVINE28.
J JAMIESON'S Special Survey 5. JOHNSON Phillip Hilton Elmore "Jack" pre, 38-44 (photos). JONES 19. JOURNEAUX 20, 34, 35. K. KERR 8, 39, 42. KIRKPATRICK 19.
L. LAMBERT 23. LAMBLE 23 PHOTO. LITTLEJOHN Bros. 35. LUPLAN Fred 31.
M. MAIRS 12, 22 25 photo, 33. McCRAE 7. McCUSKER 28, 32. McILROY 24. McKENZIE pre, 42.
McLELLAN (McLENNAN) Alex. 33.
MAPS:Mornington Peninsula pre; Thomas's pre; pastoral runs 4; Jamieson's Special Survey 5; Parishes near Tubbarubba 6; Tubbarubba geological 9; diggings 15; subdivision of c/a 15 Balnarring 54.
MEYERS 29. MEYRICK 5. MILLS 22, 24, 26. MOAT 28. MORIARTY 28.
N. NICHOLS 23. NORMAN (stationers) 32, 38. NUNN 28. O. OLLEY 19. ORSINO 28. OSWALD 29. OSWIN 5, 22 photo, 23 photo, 24 photo, 25 photo, 26, 31. OVERGAADE 35.
P. Petition of 7-12-1880 18-21.POPE 19. POULTON Ina 35.
R. RANKINE 33. REDSTON Tom, Liza 44. RENNISON 19. ROBB 36. ROOKE Harold 36. RUDDELL 5.
S. SHANNON 28. SHERLOCK 28. Sheep stealing 33. SHERWIN John 34, 36. SIMS Rev. 36. SMITH 23 SOMERS 28. STANLEY 12. STOREY Herbert John 31. STUART Capt. 12. SWEETAPPLE 33.
T TEASDALE William 30. THOMAS Protector 1-2, 5. TUCK 5. Tubbarubba Gold Mining Co. 28. TULLIS Bob 36.
W. WALKER 33. WILCHER 26, 35. WILKO 19. WILSON 28. WITTEN 42. WOODWARD (Red Hill) 38. WORRELL 28.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago

GORDON BOYINGTON'S RECOLLECTIONS: MOONEE PONDS, CARRUM DOWNS, FRANKSTON ETC., VIC., AUST.

Why has this duty been thrust upon me? My neighbour has had dizzy spells so I spent some time with him, resulting in the need for another journal, despite the fact that I have the Red Hill Dictionary History, the Pioneers' Pathway and the Watson/Stirling on the go as well as so many other unfinished journals. Since 1988, I have been recording information that would otherwise have gone to the grave and there don't seem to be enough hours in a day!

Gordon Boyington's father, Alfred, joined the Royal Navy as a boy but when W.W.1 started he was too young to be allowed into combat. However he managed to rejoin using documents that weren't his. After he'd had three ships sunk underneath him he figured he'd used all his luck and transferred to the army. He hadn't used it all and managed to survive the carnage at Flanders. After he was discharged he emigrated to Australia, meeting Gordon's mother on the voyage out. Gordon was born nine months and a few days after their marriage.

Gordon remembers his time living in Aspen St, Moonee Ponds(Melway 28 H7.) as a four year old. Later they lived at Carrum Downs before moving to Daly St in Frankston and then Station St in the same town. He recalls that Cranbourne Rd was sealed as far as the cemetery and was just a dirt road thereafter.

The organist at the Church of England at Carrum Downs, Mr Hadwin, used to travel in his T model Ford car to houses in the area teaching organ, piano and another instrument.

Gordon's brother, Raymond, was a professional boxer, known as Snowy Boyd, who fought the Australian middleweight champion (NAME)four times during the mid 1940's. Gordon gave the sport a go too, the venue for their bouts being the West Melbourne Stadium in Dudley St, North Melbourne, near the railway bridge. I asked Gordon if he remembered Russell Horsborough, and the name rang a bell, but Russell probably fought under a ring name too. Russell used to live at 21 McConnell St, Kensington, two houses from me, and introduced me to boxing as a skinny 11 year old at the Kensington Police Club where I knocked a triple Australian champion off his feet: Frankie Flannery was probably affected by a liquid with an Arabic name at the time.

Gordon's brother, Raymond, was a very good horseman and was involved with a camping facility at Mt Eliza where suburbanites could live with nature. It was location. During the second world war, American servicemen were stationed at a girls' school near Mt Eliza; from Gordon recognising my description of Old Mornington Rd, I believe the school was Toorak College. The Principal of the college kindly supplied part of its history "The Echoes Fade Not" which states that on 15-4-1942, Colonel Davey of the Australian Army phoned to ask that the army's request to use the Toorak College property. On the last Friday of the term 1 vacation the Government revoked its decision to use the property which led to frantic activity notifying boarders' families that they could return and unpacking textbooks, crockery and photographs.
Despite this, Gordon insists that the college was used by the Americans, so a road trip will be necessary in order to clear up the confusion.

MOONEE PONDS.
When Gordon spoke about Moonee Ponds, my thoughts turned to a book that the almost 100 year old Gordon Connor had given me in 1998. Called Memories, it compiled the life highlights of members of the St John's (Essendon) Friendship Club. Gordon's father was a bootmaker at Moonee Ponds, where Gordon C. was born on 17-7-1899. Gordon was married in the original bluestone St John's in 1927 and moved to Strathmore. He and his neighbours stared in amazement at the first brick veneer house they'd ever seen, expecting it to collapse. I'll let Gordon C. paint a word picture of the depression that Gordon B.'s parents faced.

"Depression days which were very sad for those out of work.Those of us who were working helped those who weren't so lucky. We formed a committee and every week bought groceries with the money donated. (The committee members) doled it out as evenly as they could." I hope there was a committee in Moonee Ponds too!

Gordon B. recalled the Moonee Theatre in Puckle St, where Gordon C. had seen his first film in 1912. Thank you Gordon Connor! Now back to Gordon Boyington, who will hopefully tell me more of the Moonee Ponds of his boyhood.

There are two very good reasons that Gordon can remember little else about Moonee Ponds. He was only about four and remembers only walking to the milk bar in Puckle St for a treat. Such treats would have been few and far between. Gordon's father was frantically looking for work as so many others were. Gordon went to live at Moe with a Scottish woman who had worked as a maid with Gordon's aunt. Her husband was foreman of a gang maintaining railway lines in that area. Younger brother, Raymond was taken in by a Protestant minister in the Moonee Ponds area.Gordon went to school at Moe for about two years, with his unofficial aunt's two sons (older than Gordon) ensuring that he did not get into trouble. The family was reunited when the chance arose to live on a big block on the Brotherhood Settlement at Carrum Downs.

Gordon remembers that at his eighth birthday party at Moe, he was dared to climb onto the table at his "aunt's" house. He fell of course, headfirst onto a cabinet and breaking his nose.

CARRUM DOWNS.
As soon as Gordon spoke of a scheme to settle jobless families at Carrum Downs, I thought of another book donated to me, this time by Steve Johnson, a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells. Called "Fishing, Sand and Village Days" it recorded the history of the Frankston area 1900-1950 and provided training to three long-term jobless people.

The Brotherhood of St Laurence Settlement at Carrum Downs (Melway 100 F-G 1) was founded in 1935 when Father Gerald Tucker initiated a program to move unemployed men down from Melbourne. Father Tucker also envisaged the settlement helping pensioners and in 1948 moved to the settlement to organise the transition.

Lois Lambert recalled that little, bespectacled, grey-haired Father Tucker was quite eccentric. He always wore little tight rings* around his legs and leathers, and used to walk in from Carrum Downs to Frankston. Lois was proud that she remembered this remarkable man so well. (*Probably metal bicycle clips.)

Harley Klauer lived near Seaford Station and his family used to send the big catches to Melbourne but after small catches of mixed fish Harley would put an angler's basket over his shoulder and tramp around the district to the far side of Carrum Downs. Harley remembered the Brotherhood bringing old houses from Melbourne and putting them on blocks in the bush for the poor people from Melbourne. He recalled children chewing crusts of bread for something to eat. (The idea was for the jobless to be self-sufficient but at this early stage vegetables, chicken etc weren't ready for the table.) Harley was so moved by the Brotherhood's work that he donated a whole basket of fish.

Lloyd Walton's brother was the manager of the settlement. After helping out during visits to his brother, he was asked to set up a dry cleaning factory to employ older residents, but it would have been too expensive. A while later he took on the maintenance on the settlement. LLoyd discussed the wood or coke stoves used for cooking, the oval portable galvanised baths and copper-heated water, the outdoor toilets, but this was the way of life for almost everybody, not just Carrum Down residents. A bright old lady started a kindergarten at Carrum Downs because the area lacked one. If someone's milk or paper hadn't been taken in, neighbours would always check if that person was all right. Once there was suspicion that Miss Vann might have had a mishap, and, the door being locked, Lloyd climbed in the window- to be confronted by Miss Vann and her rolling pin.
Loyd said that Father G.K.Tucker would have been able to inspire audiences to walk through brick walls, despite his stutter. Although he wasn't practical, Father Tucker was a dreamer, whose dreams always came true.
Father Tucker led by example and even refused invitations to tea because he'd then have to accept all invitations and would not be an example of the self-sufficiency he wanted the settlers to develop.

Miss Turner told of how Father Tucker had been appalled by the poverty in Fitzroy and obtained financial assistance from Mr Coles. The single men used to live in Kempton Court and then up in Cafeteria (i.e. Cox Court.) When the depression ended, men got jobs and moved away. She pointed out that Father Tucker would not suffer fools but regarded him as a saint.

Mr Lomax, Licensee of the Carrum Hotel, gave Carrum Downs residents their first experience of radio at the Carrum Downs school in about 1924. Carmen Tomlinson thought that they listened to 3AR and they probably did but the station probably had nothing to do with the A.B.C.* The letters stood for "Associated Radio", a firm whose transmitter and tower were in Airport West. (*At that time.) The radio concert appears to have taken place on Saturday, 28-2-1925.(P. 2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-2-1925.

GORDON'S MEMORIES OF CARRUM DOWNS.
Due to terrible headaches, Gordon is finding that memories come in flashes and often halt at the end of his tongue. However, he has drawn a map of the Brotherhood Settlement and described some nearby residents.

The entry road of the Settlement was most likely today's Tuxen Ave. Entering from Frankston-Dandenong Rd, Gordon would see, on his left, a dam which was built in about 1938, a vacant block, probably of one acre, and then a house occupied by Mrs Pope and her 13 children; Gordon thinks she might have been a widow.Then there was an elderly widow living on her own.

Gordon remembers a shop which was on the south corner of Tuxen Ave which opened about six months after the Boyington family arrived. Then there was vacant land and a track which may have been today's Weigall Avenue. On the far corner of this track lived Mr and Mrs Hadwin. Further on was another track heading south up a slight rise to a place where outdoor services were held in Summer. This track might have been Church Hill Crescent. There was a (describe) altar and concrete blocks for the worshippers to use as seats.

Mr Hadwin, the organist mentioned earlier, and his wife lived over the entry road from the Boyingtons' first house. Gordon used to walk, with billy in hand, to a dairy farm diagonally across Frankston-Flinders Rd from the settlement.

Two nearby farmers that Gordon remembers are Caine/Kane/Cain?) and Broderick. Caine's farm was near Amayla Crescent, west of Caine's Bend (Melway 100 D4.) Gordon was trying to pinpoint the location of Broderick's farm when I saw it: Broderick Rd !(100 E-F 3.) SEE BELOW RE CAINE AND BRODERICK.

The Boyingtons' first home was opposite Mr Hadwin's, their second on (Caine's?)farm, entered from Frankston-Flinders Rd and the third on the Settlement again but way back in the bush.

Gordon and Raymond attended Carrum Downs Primary School. It was a one-teacher school and the teacher, Mr Parker, wore a grey pin-striped suit.There are no prizes for guessing that the children referred to him as Nosey! Probably in 1938 a female assistant was appointed and took charge of the lower grades. Unfortunately Raymond was one of her pupils and when he undid his shirt to show what he had brought for "Show and Tell", she screamed very loudly at the sight of the blue-tongued lizard.
THROUGH THE BUSH TO SCHOOL


BRODERICK.
Jack Broderick of Carrum Downs came third in an examination for a Frankston High School scholarship donated by Dr Kennedy of Frankston. (P.2, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 26-11-1926.)

John Leo Broderick, probably the above scholar, was to marry Irma Carmen Hayes of Elmore on 15-5-1943. (P.6, The Argus, 14-5-1943.)

Gordon remembers the Broderick farm being operated by two brothers. Their father, John, had died in 1927 leaving a widow, two sons and two daughters. (P.1, F&S Standard, 1-4-1927, OBITUARY.)

J. Broderick and S.Hadwin played leading roles in the Carrum Downs Concert Club's production of "Circus Days".
(P.4, Standard (Frankston), 2-6-1939.)

John Leo Broderick, dairy farmer of Dandenong Rd, Carrum Downs must have been a keen golfer but wasn't so keen on the vagrant who stole his clubs.(P.3, Standard, 3-4-1942.)

John's brother was probably A.Broderick of Carrum Downs who advertised 100 tons of 2 ft firewood for sale. (P.2, F&S Standard, 20-1-1939.

CARRUM DOWNS ROAD NAMES.
BRODERICK RD.-see above.
LATHAMS RD. Ashton Latham of Carrum Downs was a member of the Frankston Methodist Circuit Choir.(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 6-3-1936.) In a concert in 1925, the performers included Ashton, Misses D and V.Latham and Mrs Latham.(P.2,F&S Standard, 21-8-1925.)
BAWDEN ST. As well as being a frequent performer at concerts, Mr Bawden was the foundation secretary/ treasurer of the Carrum Downs branch of the Victorian Wholesale Milk Producers' Association. (P.4, F&S Standard, 8-8-1923.) Mr Bawden was probably Hubert Bawden, but may have been his father, Mr J.Bawden who had died before Hubert's marriage in 1927. (P.4,F&S Standard, 9-9-1927.)
COLEMAN RD.Masters Jack, Arthur and Alex Coleman's recitations and Mr Bawden's usual mandolin solos were some of the items in a concert reported on page 4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 22-10-1924.
Mr Coleman attended the meeting to form a local branch of the milk producers' association (see Bawden.) Mrs G.Coleman was passing Latham's farm on the way home from Seaford when a gunshot (to frighten off birds)spooked her horse which resulted in Mrs Coleman and her younger son being thrown from the cart and rendered unconscious; while the son recovered quickly Mrs Coleman was unconscious for some hours.
HALL RD. It is possible that this road was named after a Frankston councillor because the surname has not been mentioned in articles relating to Carrum Downs.






THE SLEEPOUTS FOR CEREBUS SAILORS AND THEIR WIVES ETC.)

THE WATSONS AND STIRLINGS OF PORTSEA (and Sorrento), VIC., AUST. (FACTS AND ANECDOTES.)

When the councillor, who helped me with an attempt to ensure recognition of David Mairs and Edward Louis Tassell, tells me that he is related to Portsea pioneers and arranges an interview with his relatives "now", there is no delaying, no matter how many journals are currently in progress.

The councillor's oldest connection with Portsea is through Alex Watson. LIME LAND LEISURE (the history of the Shire of Flinders) has considerable information about the Watson brothers on page 42. Henry and John Watson had visited the Diggings but fishing was in the blood of these sons of a Bannf fisherman and they commenced operations at Weeroona Bay between 1860 and 1862.

Henry built the first hut on the beach at Point Franklin, then known as Quarry Point. John built a house on the beach under Policeman's Point but soon moved to Point Franklin. Charles Hollinshed said that two houses were later built but my notes are unclear about which brother built them and when. A stranger arrived in 1862 and it took some time before the two Watsons recognised their younger brother, Alex. When the Watsons arrived, their only neighbour was Dennis McGrath whose house was on the cliff top near the Back Beach Rd corner.

The surname "Watson" is mentioned on pages 34, 41, 44 an 50 of RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667.

June Opie is my main informant regarding locations and anecdotes in this journal, with older sister Gladys Helen Pittock introducing a new anecdote every time I thought we had finished for the day, licking my lips at the prospect of a 3p.m. lunch. The two have another sister, Betty Rose Broderick, who was not visiting Gladys on the day.

The three sisters were the only children of William Alfred Stirling who was born at Portsea in 1895. Known as Bill, he married Amelia Martin who had come to Portsea from Bendigo in 1916 at the age of 12 with her parents, Sydney Martin and Emma Jay (nee Stanley).

Bill Stirling's parents were John (Jock) Stirling and Helen Smith (nee Watson), the daughter of Alex and Alice Watson. Alice Watson's maiden name please, June. Jock was a sailor and was on his second voyage to Australia aboard the "-------" when he sought his discharge papers which are dated --------.

Although there were not many rate payers in 1864, the rate collector forgot all about the Watsons. It was all to do with the stupid idea of listing ratepayers alphabetically instead of geographically. The advantage of the latter method is explained in the ASSESSMENTS entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

In the 2-9-1865 assessments, Watson (no given name) was assessed on a hut on Crown land.For the next three years no member of the Watson family was assessed. The records presented to Council on 4-9-1869 showed that John Watson owned the house and town lot(nett annual value 5 pounds) that he was occupying in the Point Nepean Division. The 3-9-1870 rates show that the house consisted of two rooms and the land of one acre but the owner column was blank throughout. By 1875, John Watson was still the owner and occupier of the house and land at Portsea but it now had a NAV of 7 pounds Alex Watson was assessed on 1 acre ** roomed house, the * being dittos that had been disguised as mini blots to hide the rate collector's uncertainty; the property was owned by Alex and was given a nett annual value of 6 pounds.

In the 27-6-1878 record, occupations were noted. John Watson, fisherman, still owned the same property at Portsea but the NAV was now 8 pounds, a minor increase. However it seems as if a later huge jump in value was caused by a mistake or a bloke called George Morse! Alex Watson was described as a hotelkeeper and we are left to assume that the "building" on one acre at Portsea was actually a hotel. (At one stage Dromana had two hotels and three hotelkeepers; perhaps they played "Musical pubs"!) This was the original Portsea Hotel, of which June has a photo, and its nett annual value was 40 pounds, which indicates it was slightly less elaborate than George Assender's Arthurs Seat Hotel (NAV 60 pounds including 5 town lots) and far less so than the Dromana Hotel (12 rooms and 110 pounds in 1864, 17 rooms and 170 pounds in 1886).

The 31-7-1880 assessments show that the nett annual value of the acre block and building owned by fisherman, John Watson had jumped from 8 pounds to 50 pounds, ten pounds more than Alexander's Portsea Hotel! By 27-7-1882, this valuation had dropped to 40 pounds probably adjusted by the revision court following a protest. A year later the only Watson recorded was John J.Watson Jnr, labourer, 1 allotment and building, Sorrento, NAV 5 pounds.

In 1886, Alex Watson was assessed on the hotel whose nett annual value had risen to 52 pounds, perhaps this included a post office and store nearer the pier.John Watson, fisherman was assessed on 2 allotments and buildings at Sorrento (NAV 35 pounds.)Joshua Watson, grazier, was leasing 195 acres Nepean (parish) from W.A.Blair (possibly south of Rye township but more likely on the north side of Melbourne Rd between Tarakan St and St Pauls Rd); he was more likely related to the Watson, after whom a street in Mt Martha was named, that bought Hearn's Mt Martha Estate at about this time, than the Portsea/Sorrento fishing family. James Watson, a plasterer, was assessed on an allotment and building at Sorrento, with a nett annual value of 10 pounds, that he owned.

After being assessed on the hotel once more (16-7-1887), Alex had an allotment and building at Portsea (NAV 30 pounds) in 1888; as a fisherman again, an allotment and building, Sorrento (N.A.V. 10 pounds) in 1889 (while John, fisherman seems to have bought (lots) 5-10, of an unknown section in Sorrento Township I suppose, with the high NAV, for land, of 70 pounds. It was hard to be certain where Alex had his land because its location often alternated between Sorrento and Portsea, the latter in 1892. Perhaps he sold the Sorrento building blocks to build his Portsea house. June told me that John had sold the Portsea Hotel and gone back to fishing, and it seems to have been in the boom year of 1888; W.H.Sweetapple seems to have been assessed on the Portsea Hotel in 1891 and may have been the buyer.

John (Jock)Stirling, who married Alex Watson's daughter,Helen, seems to have arrived in late 1891 or early 1892, being first included in the 1892 rates, described as a labourer and assessed on 1 allotment and buildings at Sorrento (NAV 10 pounds). In 1893, Jock's details were unchanged and Matthew Watson was assessed on a house on an acre block, while James Watson, plasterer and John Watson, fisherman also had houses at Sorrento on acre blocks. Matthew Watson, hotelkeeper, now had 1 allotment at Portsea, with the building on it actually called a hotel!

The final microfiche inspected (before I came blind because of the diluted ink due to the depression) indicates that by 13-9-1899 James Watson had died because Mrs James Watson was assessed on the plasterer's one lot and house, Sorrento (NAV 10 pounds.)Jock Stirling had moved to a lot and house at Portsea (NAV 10 pounds).

There will be more rate research post 1900 and it will be interesting to see how long Alex and Watson take to acquire their dairy. Now for some anecdotes and a bit of detail about landholdings which has been considerably lacking so far.

Alex Watson built the original Portsea Hotel but later sold it and returned to fishing. Alex and Alice also had a store and post office just east of the path to the Portsea pier. They had a dairy extending from Ocean Beach Rd to Franklin Rd and straddling Martins Lane (whose name probably bears some connection to the maiden name of William Alfred Stirling's wife Amelia.) The south east corner of the dairy is indicated by Ibis Way and the north west corner was the south side of the bull ring.

The what? The bull ring was the oldtimers' name for the Portsea Recreation Reserve, incorporating the Percy Cerutty Oval.Bulls are most upset with any other bulls that enter their territory. There was one at the Quarantine Station and another at Sorrento and one day while strolling they came upon each other in a swamp in a fairly deep depression, resembling an amphitheatre. A battle royal ensued and everyone knew where the bull ring was from that day forth! Now you do too!

THE MAD COW.(Circa 1940.)
There was another swamp on the dairy farm too. The three Stirling girls were catching tadpoles in what is now the Portsea Lagoon Wildlife Sanctuary when oldest sister Gladys proclaimed that her little serfs should go to get a jar to put them in. Alec and Alice Watson patted the calves on the head rather too vigorously and they tended to die leaving a lot of surplus milk to sell, which made Alec and Alice very happy. Unfortunately it seemed to make the calves' mothers very upset.

You know how it is when you're in a bad mood; anyone within range becomes a target, no matter how sweet and innocent. I'm sure June will be happy with the description of her nature but a cow whose baby had died that morning was in a paddock that June and Betty were crossing and she was a very very bad mood. June managed to dive through a wire netting fence just in the nick of time and Betty,,,,,,,,,,,(in the swamp?)

THE MAD HORSE.(Just after W.W.2.)
Jim Wishart managed a store at Portsea for Stringers and used to deliver with a horse and cart. It was a very nice cart but the same compliment did not apply to the horse. Single-hoofedly he smashed three carts to bits. He used to graze on the bull ring and the kids took a very wide detour.

The Portsea school site is now occupied by the Ramler Mews dwellings.

The larger swamp, west of Ibis Way, was partially filled in by Ray Skelton who earned a living removing green waste, bricks, soil and other material.

Jock Stirling's limestone house, built by George Morse on the south east corner of Blair and Back Beach Rd (Melway 156 E3) is still standing.

Here's a question to ponder. Why did Sorrento resident, Jeff Robinson, use the brand name Franklin for the caravans that he manufactured?

FROM THE INTERNET.
Extract from website THE PORTSEA CAMP.
The camp's first permanent structure - 1870
The site of the Portsea Camp was well known as the home of the Scotsman, John Watson. A somewhat garrulous man, who had migrated from Scotland , he built a small fishing hut just off the point. Local holiday makers were never impressed by the structure which, they felt, disturbed the view and the ambience of the nearby bathing boxes.

Over the next few years John Watson's brothers arrived from Scotland and by about 1873 the family had built a small limestone house on the beach. The 'Commondant's house' was built by Frederick Rose, who established the School for the Deaf in St Kilda Rd.

Eunice Watson supplied information about the old days in the following article.
Shifting sands
Author: Dugald Jellie
Date: 20/01/2012
Words: 3337
Source: AGE
Publication: The Age
Section: The Melbourne Magazine
Page: 36
Portsea, Australia's richest postcode, is where old traditions and new money come together every summer, not always happily, writes Dugald Jellie.

Auctioneer Warwick Anderson found a spot in the sand. A crowd had gathered on a hot January afternoon in 2011 for his day's last job: selling a sun-pinched timber boatshed in the dunes of Shelly Beach. Most came barefoot, strung in towels, limbs bare and salted from insouciant days of dipping in turquoise brine. Up for grabs was a prized heirloom - S27A, a bathing box, on stumps, shrouded by tea tree. A who's who of locals arrived, many with chequebooks in their swimming trunks. "It's a question of supply and demand," says Anderson, of the spectacle of finding market value for these bijou seaside boxes. One had sold nearby for $455,000. Rumours were rife a new record was on. "It's petty cash for these people."

Coastal wattle spread on the dune, pigface flowered pink. Anderson, in short sleeves, took an opening bid of $300,000. Before him stood an array of Melbourne's merchant princes, industrialists, the idle rich, on a lustrous shore where, in dusk light, the city gleams on the horizon like a faraway jewel. After more than an hour, the auction's penciller had recorded 127 bids. The gavel fell, applause rang out. The boathouse had sold for $585,000, about $18,000 per square metre and the price of a decent family home in a Melbourne suburb.

This is how it is in Portsea - the country's top-earning postcode by taxable income. A geographical and demographic full-stop put on the map in 1842 by James Sandle Ford, an emancipist and homesick English lime-burner who built the first pier and planted the area's first cypresses, it's an end-of-the-road cul-de-sac where not a penny's pinched, where neighbourly squabbles make the news, and where the beautiful and the damned mingle each summer in an epic narrative of privilege, social hierarchy and just a little tattle about what Lindsay Fox has gone and done next. Children's footfalls slap on grey-weathered jetty planks; whoops and squeals punctuated by baritone splashes. A blonde woman parks her black Porsche Cayenne with personalised number plates. The pock pock pock of a tennis game floats over beds of flowering agapanthus. Electronic surveillance is on continuous loop. Vast properties step down the slope like hanging gardens laden with fruits of abundance. Some homes are as big as office blocks. A clear footprint can be seen from Google Earth: most blocks have the powder-blue oblongs of a swimming pool, and judging by the number of lurid green rectangles, it could be true that Portsea still has more tennis courts per square kilometre than anywhere else in the world. Land values on the cliff, on the bay side of Point Nepean Road, the most sought-after stretch of real estate in Victoria, start at about "five something" - as in $5 million (and the rest), according to local Kay & Burton agent Liz Jensen.

Year-round locals have for decades quietly observed the comings and goings. "It was them and us," recalls Eunice Watson, 87, who long ago married into the Watson family who, from 1862, were the first fishermen of Portsea. "Those people with all the big homes were the people with money from Melbourne. They would keep to themselves."

This paragraph is included to put Eunice's next comment into context.

"Our children were terribly lucky to grow up in Portsea," says Judy Matear, whose father-in-law in 1927 bought the fashionably chic Hotel Australia on Collins Street, and 20 years later bought Ilukya from Vacuum Oil boss Harry Cornforth. They hosted lavish parties, all smoked salmon and ostrich plumes, with patriarch Fred Matear taking whisky and sodas in his white silk pyjamas and pith helmet. Judy's son Rick, an artist currently exhibiting at Manyung Gallery in Sorrento, remembers his neighbour "showing me an Arthur Boyd hanging over the fireplace. He told me stories of Boyd and John Perceval going down there to do paintings for their parents. He said John once borrowed the car and dented it, so to pay he gave them the painting." Penleigh Boyd, father of Robin, joined Arthur Streeton in painting Portsea, filling canvases with loose plein-air brushstrokes that distilled the area's luminous northern light and its thick blanket of tea trees and moonahs. White limestone cliffs and the knuckle of Police Point are recognisable in one work, but the two fisherman's shacks and staked fish pens by the beach have long since gone.

"They caught salmon and mullet and bay trout that would come in shoals, hundreds of boxes worth," says Eunice Watson. She moved to Portsea in 1947 to marry fisherman Frank and lived on the beach in the fishing cottages Boyd had painted, with no running water, kerosene lamps and a wood stove to cook on. In those days, the couta boats weren't rich-kid playthings - they were used by fishermen scooting through the Heads pursuing barracouta. Harold Holt, who wasn't yet PM, bought fish from them on the beach. "On the Sunday he drowned, I was going to tennis," Watson recalls, "and he waved to me as he was driving past."

The article went on to discuss the "new money" families and their houses.

The Watsons were well represented in this premiership team! S.Martin might have been related to the Stirlings. Fishermen played in the Rosebud team as well; the Burnhams had moved from Sorrento onto the Hindhope Estate a decade earlier and one of the Aldersons, being a Carlton supporter, suggested a change to the Rosebud Football Club's present jumper after their first season in 1929.

GRAND FINAL SCORE SHEETS
1922/23 ROSEBUD V PORTSEA AT SORRENTO

W.Jennings (Rosebud) won the toss and sent Portsea in to bat.

PORTSEA 1ST INNINGS

W.Watson caught Stevens bowled W.Jennings 20
J.Watson caught R.Gray bowled W.Jennings 2
F.Goss caught W.Jennings bowled H.Head 5
J.Knight bowled W.Whitehead 42
E.Howard bowled W.Jennings 1
J.Foran bowled Stevens 21
N.McKinnon bowled R.Gray 5
A.Knight bowled W.Downie 15
S.Martin caught W.Burnham bowled L.Cairns 5
J.Murray run out 4
M.Watson not out 1

Extras 4

Total 128

No bowling details.

ROSEBUD 1ST INNINGS

H.Head bowled J.Knight 0
D.Cairns run out 0
W.Whitehead bowled J.Knight 7
W.Alderson bowled A.Knight 4
W.Downie bowled A.Knight 5
Stevens bowled A.Knight 2
W.Jennings(c) not out 6
W.Burnham bowled J.Knight 2
E.Inglefinger bowled J.Knight 0
R.Gray bowled J.Knight 0
L.Cairns bowled J.Knight 0

Extras 8
Total 34

J.Knight 6/7 A.Knight 3/11

PORTSEA 2ND INNINGS

W.Watson caught D.Cairns bowled H.Head 68
J.Watson caught L.Cairns bowled W.Jennings 4
F.Goss caught W.Burnham bowled H.Head 5
J.Knight bowled W.Jennings 17
E.Howard not out 16
J.Foran not out 49
N.McKinnon caught W.Burnham bowled H.Head 7

Extras 7
Total 5/173

W.Jennings 2/18 H.Head 3/53
PORTSEA WON BY 94 RUNS ON THE 1ST INNINGS.(Rosebud Cricket Club website.)


This hut under Point Franklin, probably built by H. Watson later passed to W. White.
This caption appears under a picture of the hut partly obscuring another picture (of limeburners at work) in a
book about the Officer Cadet School. The picture can be accessed by entering "watson, white, cadet school, portsea" and clicking on CHAPTER 4, THE ENVIRONMENT.

TROVE.
A. WATSON, PORTSEA.
A letter to the editor from Henry Watson was on page 7 of the Argus on 29-1-1877. He explained that they made only tuppence (twopence) a basket from their fish and enclosed an account of sales made on Alexander's behalf.
Henry was living at Portsea. I don't know if Alex and Henry were fishing at The Sisters with John who supposedly moved his operations there in 1873, according to LIME LAND LEISURE.

The engagement of Valda Milne and Lance-Corporal Gordon Watson,elder son of Mr and Mrs W.J.Watson of Portsea, was announced on page 8 of the 4-7-1940 Argus.

The weather was probably warm on that November day in 1928, but young George Alexander Watson probably regretted having ever been on the beach on that day.(The Argus 10-5-1929, Page 15.)

Messrs Watson and McLeod took their friends on an outing by road to Dromana, everyone meeting at Mr Watson's hotel at 8am. (The Argus 14-9-1893 page 4, PORTSEA.)

I think the hotelkeeper would have been Matthew Watson, who was assessed on the hotel (nett annual value 60 pounds) in 1896-7. Alex (Alec) Watson, who built the (original) Portsea Hotel apparently drank a fair proportion of the profits and was forced to sell the hotel to his brother John, according to June Opie. Going by rate records, Alec built the pub after October 1875 and a fair time before June 1878. He must have sold a great number of baskets of fish (at 2d a basket) in 1876-7 to build the hotel. It is possible that John Watson was still the owner of the hotel in 1893 and installed Matthew as the licensee, but there is no mention of a hotel in connection with either in the 1-8-1893 rates.Perhaps the assessment was McLeod and Watson (under M rather than W.) Mr Watson was still running the Portsea Hotel in December, 1905 and applied for a reduction of the valuation from 65 pounds to 50*. (Mornington Standard 12-12-1895, page 2, LICENSING COURT.)

Why did they travel by road? Perhaps the "White Road" had just been made. For over a decade the local lime trade had been a shadow of its former status, with provision of firewood for Melbourne's households and bakers' ovens taking over as a source of income. Abandoned kilns were dotted everywhere, with spoil around them, which the shire used to make the beach road and some others. Although they were as smooth as a baby's bottom, they were slippery at times and fragments could damage hooves. Ray Cairns added that once they started to break up deterioration was rapid.

* Lugger Jack Clark wanted the value of the Mornington (now Koonya) Hotel at Sorrento halved from 100 pounds but would have been pleased with 60 pounds.The licence of H.Levy for the Nepean Hotel (on the site occupied by modern shops across the road from the present Portsea Hotel)was renewed; a photo of the Nepean is on one of the websites mentioned, probably the Cadet School one.

Miss Annie Watson was a scarlet lady (sorry a black and scarlet lady), those being the colours of the attire she wore to the concert/ball to raise funds for the Roman Catholic Church.Miss Watson (Portsea) wore black with green trimmings. (M.S.31-8-1899 P.3.) Annie was living in "Franklin" (House) in 1910.

The engagement of Monica Frances Watson,youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs F.H.Watson, to J.V.Horskins was announced.(Argus 1-3-1941 P.9.)

How did Rex Watson of Portsea come to marry a Slocombe girl from Tyabb? (Standard, Frankston, 5-3-1943, P.1.)

In 1934, Watson and Hill, footballers from Portsea, were showing impressive form at Essendon. (Argus 6-4-1934 P4.)

The following comes from page 4 of the Argus of 17-2-1934 when Victoria was preparing for its centenary and interest in history was at an all-time high.

A SPLENDID PIONEER By A. M. A'BECKETT

The Centenary year is, perforce, turning one's thoughts to the pioneers of the State, and articles such as "Portsea Recollections," by Mr. J. C. Fitchett, last Saturday provoke discussion and reminiscence.

The name of the late Alexander Watson, the pioneer of the beach fishermen, as Mr. Fitchett calls him, conjures up the picture of a fine type of settler. Strong, keen, courageous, full of fun, interested in all members of the families of Portsea, he would sit in his little snow-white cottage or lean over the gate talking of his beloved Portsea and his experiences, and impressing the third generation with his remarks, especially when he referred to a little chap's grandfather, for whom he had a great regard. Mr. Watson had a remarkably clear memory and a ready wit. He told an interested little audience how In May, 1862, he left London for Sydney in the Aberdeen ship Jason, commanded by Captain Stewart, who later commanded the Catherine Adamson, which was wrecked Inside Sydney Heads about the time of the wreck of the Dunbar on South Head, when the sole survivor was taken up the cliff by a rope. The voyage out took three months, at the end of which Watson stayed with Captain Stewart for a few weeks before coming to Melbourne by steamboat and landing at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) Railway Pier. Watson brought a message from his home town, Banff, Scotland, where he spent his youth fishing with his father at Whitehills, to Mr. William Adamson, whom he sought and found in Melbourne, and during a long chat Watson spoke of going down to Point Nepean to join three brothers who were already fishing at Quarry Point, now called Point Franklin,

Portsea.

A heavy smoker, Watson was keen on growing some tobacco, although he did not know anything about its culture. Mr. Adamson supplied the seed, and Watson left Melbourne by the small steamer Vesse, running once a week. On September 10, 1862, he landed at Weeroona Bay and found his way up through the scrub. The only signs of settlement were a tiny fisherman's hut on the beach, a stone house on the cliff belonging to Mrs. McGrath, sen., and a small enclosure with a scrub fence. He cleared about 40ft. of this, the ground having been dug, possibly, once before, scratched it over with his hands and feet, mixed the seed with dry sand, and put it in broadcast, raking it over with a bush. It grew well. By the end of March, 1863, it was 6ft. high and looked splendid, and later it was cut. About the beginning of April Watson left with his brothers for Westernport for the winter fishing. They landed at Crib Point, about four miles from Hastings. Halfway between Crib Point and Hastings was a small island called Koola mada, leased by Mr. Rogers, a sheep and cattle owner. He had about eight acres of tobacco already cut, and he was well satisfied with his crops for several years. In 1864 the Watson brothers returned from Westernport to Portsea, and later they were joined by two others. At Weeroona Bay the fishing had been begun by Mr. Inglis, who left for Queenscliff about this time, and Alexander Watson bought the shingle cottage on the beach. Later he pulled it down and built the white limestone cottage, still standing, in its place. At that time Mr. Walker was superintendent of the quarantine station, with Mr. W. Anderson as handy man. One of his daughters married Watson in 1865, and the small cottage on the beach near the cutting was their first home. Not far from this was the limestone kiln, on the cliff, the remains of which may be seen to-day, from which lime was sent to Melbourne.

About 1869, four years after his marriage, Mr. Watson selected a site from the Government on which to build a home. To prepare for this he set about planting fruit trees, but he found about 3ft. below the surface limestone rock. For three winters he worked at getting out the limestone, and then, having obtained bags of lime from the kiln, ho got Mr. George Morse, of Sorrento, to build for �24 four rooms. Mr. Watson was induced to let his house for a month in the summer at �4 a week, and during that time took his family back to the beach cottage. The next year he built a bar and applied for a licence, calling tho house the Portsea Hotel. He remained as proprietor till the bursting of the boom, when the mortgagee sold him up, and he returned to the little white cottage on the beach and took up his fishing again. Here he died in 1924, but his sons, Mat, Alex, and Frank, with their families, still live in Portsea and carry on the family tradition.

N.B. I changed Mat to bold type. No wonder they call it TROVE!

The wife of Mr Watson, fisherman, of Portsea, committed suicide yesterday by drowning herself in an underground tank. (The South Australian Telegraph 14-12-1885 P.5, COLONIAL TELEGRAMS.)


Messrs. Watson Brothers, fishermen, of Portsea, had a most successful haul on January 22, just inside the Heads, when they landed fish enough to fill 300 baskets. The fish were of a kind called salmon trout, and the value of a basketful is about 8s.(The Australian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil, 21-2-1874 P.206.)

GOOGLE: WATSON, SORRENTO.
SORRENTO CEMETERY RECORDS.
After age is the spouse's name and extra information from the headstone. Many thanks to Julie N. for her tireless work on cemetery records, including photos of headstones.
STIRLING William Alfred b1895 d1964 Amelia par John D. & Helen Stirling
STIRLING Amelia b1904 d1981 William A. par Sydney & Emma J Martin
STIRLING John died 19/9/1976 79 Alma M. par John D & Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Alma Mary .. 16/7/1983 79 John par George & Mary Jennings
STIRLING E.A. .. 1/11/2004 79
STIRLING Gordon Douglas .. 23/7/1974 80 Esther A.M. par John D.Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Esther Annie May .. 2/8/1985 83 Gordon D. par John & Maby Sullivan
STIRLING Helen Smith no dates d1948(cd) 79(cd) John D. par Alex & Janet Watson
STIRLING John Douglas no dates Helen S
STIRLING Agnes .. ?/11/1913 21 par John Douglas & Helen S Stirling
STIRLING Alex .. ?/2/1914 10 par John Douglas & Helen S Stirling

Because of additional headstone information, I could not fit each entry into one line as above.
WATSON Daisy Clarke 25/6/1889 30/1/1988 Charles Eric Charles E b1893- d1941,mother to David and buried with daughter Shirley Balfour,
WATSON Garry b.26/1/1944 d.15/11/2004 Linda father to Rosemaree,Michelle,Debbie
WATSON Janet .. 24/?/1908 60 Alex .C.
WATSON Henry Edward .. 28/4/1977 Gladys
WATSON Gladys .. 22/7/1998 Henry E.
WATSON Robert (Patrick) b1946 d1981 35 mother Nellie
WATSON Peter Graeme .. 24/5/1985 par Harry (dec)Gladys,bro to Paul,Michael,Jann
WATSON Marion Elizabeth 2/9/1977 93 buried with par Edward & Sarah Williams *& sis Helena Myers
WATSON John d. ?/8/1906 74 Annie buried with children Henry,David,Jessie
WATSON Annie .. 27/8/1928 84 John par John and Annie Sullivan ,buried with children Henry,David,Jessie
WATSON Henry .. ?/10/1922 buried with par John & Annie Watson
See Henry's death notice and Janilye's comment.

WATSON David .. 12/10/1925 49 buried with par John & Annie Watson
WATSON Jessie .. 6/8/1948 75 buried with par John & Annie Watson
WATSON James George .. 16/12/1946 64 Lucy E. par James G & Margaret Watson
WATSON Lucy Elizabeth .. 26/12/1979 87 James G. par George & Elizabeth Hill
WATSON John George .. 4/8/1947 34 par Hy & Marion E Watson.buried with Ethel R.G. Street
WATSON Richard Alexander b.27/9/1918 d.4/1/2002 83 Ursula father to Garry,Donald,Brian
WATSON Catherine Ann d.11/8/1952 72 par James G & Margaret Webster ,buried with Albert E & Mary A Whitmore
WATSON Alfred Henry d.6/6/1968 75 par James G & Margaret Watson,buried with bro William R Watson
WATSON William Roy d.24/5/1974 76 par James G & Margaret Watson,buried with bro Alfred H Watson
WATSON Margaret d.?/4/1925 65 par William & Catherine Watson,buried with daughter Alice M Hosie
WATSON Alan W. d. 25/6/1970 51 Joan L
WATSON Joan L. .. 30/10/1980 Alan W
WATSON Maie Alice .. 15/4/1944 William J mother to Gordon & Alan
WATSON William J. .. 5/9/1949 Maie A. father to Gordon & Alan

TROVE B: WATSON, SORRENTO.
Holiday maker, William Watson, was swept off rocks and drowned while fishing at Sorrento's back beach. He could have been a member of the pioneer family but is not listed above.

FISHERMAN MISSING.

Believed to Have Been Drowned.

�.ORRI MO iuesdiv (SORRENTO,Tuesday.- Henry Witson, a fisherman, M cnt(went) out m (in) his bo it (boat) eirli tins (this) morning. Sonic (Some) time later the Hutchins Urotlicri (brothers) who weie anchored in the South Ch iniiel tish inn (channel fishing);, F.W(saw) a bo-it with the sail set dinting (drifting). They went after it and found there was no one in it. Ihcj took it ni tow ind brought it into Sorrento and advised the police who sent out word to the different stations on the coast.

A strong southcrlv breeze sprung (sic) up and it is surmised that Watson wis struck. by the boom and knocked overboard as his lines were over the side and a fish ivas on one Imp (line). Owing to the strong soutlierlj bieczo the body mai. be found on the eastern shore between Mornington and Frankston.
(Argus 20-12-1922, Page 21, FISHERMAN MISSING.)

(I hope you enjoyed solving the little mystery which proves that computers have no right to be labelled SMART! TROVE relies on people to correct errors produced in digitising of newspapers.I can't copy and paste the actual article so I copied the digitised version. So it could be read at all, I fixed it in places but you might get an idea why I get a headache from deciphering rate book entries.)


Several drowning accidents during the Christmas holidays are reported to have occurred in Victoria.
A man named Alan McDonald was drowned inthe river at "Wurruk; two brothers, Reginald and Norman Swaine lost
their lives in a boating accident at Geelong; Alfred Watson while holidaying at Sorrento was swept off
some rocks and caught in a whirlpool and drowned.(Sunday Times, Perth 3-1-1926 Page 3s.) The Brisbane Courier of 30-12-1925 stated on page 5 that the drowning took place on the morning of the 29th and the victim's name was Alfred William Richmond Watson. His wife had been holidaying with him.


MORN1NGTON LICENSING COURT, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13; 8ti::"(1887) - Before Messrs. Hare (Chairman), Shuter and Alley, P.M's. . . A. Watson of the Sorrento hotel, applied for transfer of license to W. H. Sweetapple . No appearance of the applicant, and Police Inspector Scanlon stated the application had not been received in time to be heard and the case was struck out.(South Bourke and Mornington Journal 21-9-1877 Page 2.)


WEDDING. WATSON--MAYNARD. On Wednesdays 26th June, Christ Church, Drouin, was the scene of a very pretty wedding, when Mr Charles William Watson, of Sorrento, was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with Miss Minnie Maynard, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Maynard, of Drouin. (West Gippsland Gazette 9-7-1912 P.7)

From Jas. Watson, Sorrento, explaining his reasons for not proceeding with his contract for maintenance metal, Portsea road; and requesting return of his deposit. (Mornington Standard 7-12-1893 P.2.)

A satirical article, on page 3 in the Border Watch (Mt Gambier)of 20-1-1886,has a swipe at Land Sharks and mentioned that the Minister of Lands tried to deprive Watson, the fisherman, of his selection at Sorrento.

On page 13 of the 1-12-1936 issue of The Argus, the Sorrento correspondent reported that Mrs S.Hosie, a daughter of old Sorrento residents, the late Mr and Mrs James Watson, had died.


WATSON, John Thomas - On February l8 (suddenly), at his residence, Darebin, St Paul's rd , Sorrento, beloved husband of Jane, loved brother of Chrissie (Mrs W Newton, Portsea), aged 75 years

WATSON, John Thomas. - On February l8 (suddenly), at Sorrento, son of the late John and Anna Watson, formerly o� Franklin House, Sorrento, loving brother of Chrissie (Mrs W Newton).
(The Argus, 19-2-1953 Page 15.)

DARK. �On the 20th June, at her late residence, "Glenroy," Sorrento, Rose, dearly beloved wife of W. A. Dark, and daughter of Annie and the late John Watson, Sorrento, aged 35 years.
(The Argus 27-6-1908 Page 13.)

At the Shire Council meeting of 27 Sept., a letter was received from Hill and Watson, cancelling their sanitary contract at Sorrento. (Mornington and Dromana Standard 2-10-1909 Page

A WHALE HUNT.
[BY TELEGRAPH.]
MELBOURNE, Wednesday.
A whale and its calf appeared at Sorrento, the well-known watering place at the Heads recently, and the calf was captured, Great efforts to catch the whale are to be made with a special harpoon to be fired from a rifle, and to be constructed by a local blacksmith.

A whale and calf entered the Heads about 10 days ago (the Register's Melbourne correspondent telegraphs). Today several fishermen again went out and endeavored to capture them. Mat Watson, accompanied by an
old whaler named Emanuel, got close up. . Emanuel poised a harpoon, hewn the whale calf rose under the stern,of the boat, the shock throwing the 'occupants "down. Watson, however, harpooned" the" calf, which was subsequently towed into shallow water near Rye. " The calf is 21ft. long and 8ft across the tail. The whale, having lost the track of the calf, has been going at a tremendous pace up and down the bay between Sorrento and Rye. The whale was nearly 80ft. long, and is what whalers call a "Californian grey," one of the most dangerous kind. (Barrier Miner, Broken Hill, 31-8-1892 Page 3.)

HUSH -On the 10th November at St Vincent's Hospital, Alice May, dearly beloved daughter of the late James George and Mararet Watson of Sorrento, loving sister of Kitty, Jim, Mary (Mrs Whitmore! Charlie, Louie (Mrs J.Hosie), Alf and Willie, and mother of Harold, aged 47 years -RIP. (Argus 21-11-1936 Page 7.)

The digitised version of the following death notices in the Argus of 23-12-1922, has been corrected so I assumed a Watson descendant was responsible but it was janilye. See comments.
WATSON-On the 19th December at Sorrento(accidentally drowned) Henry, dearly beloved husband of Ruby, loving father of Maudie Nellie, Harry, George, Nancy and Dick aged 51 years.

WATSON. On the 19th December at Sorrento (accidentally drowned) Henry dearly loved eldest son of Annie and the late John Watson of Sorrento loved brother of Margaret (Mrs Russell) Lily (Mrs Macfarlane-sic) Rose (Mrs Dark, deceased) Jessie, David, John, Annie (Mrs Riley) William and Christina (Mrs Newton) aged 51 years.

WATSON. -On the 12th October (suddenly, from heart failure) David second dearly beloved son of Annie and the late John Watson (Sorrento), loving brother of Margaret (Mrs. Russell), Lily (Mrs. Macfarlan), Henry (deceased) Rosa (Mrs. Dirk deceased) Jessie, John, Annie (Mrs Riley) William, and Christina (Mm. Newton), aged 49 years RIP. (Argus P.17, 17-10-1925.)

COOPER-HOSIE.-VX107939. Pte. Harold James, died of wounds, New Guinea, September 21, 1943. dearly loved foster-son of the late Mrs. Alice M. Hosie, much-loved foster-nephew of the Watson family, Hotham road, Sorrento, aged 21 years. -R.I.P. (Argus P.2, 21-9-1944.)

The engagement is announced of Miss Clare "May (Maisie)Gardiner, eldest daughter of.Mr and Mrs J. Gardiner, Melbourne road, 'Frankston, to Mr Robert Watson Riley, youngest son of Mr and. Mrs J: Riley, Portsea road, Sorrento. (Frankston and Somerville Standard P.4, 15-7-1938.)

In concluding my information about the Watsons of Portsea and Sorrento, I must make mention of their involvement in the sporting activities of both such as cricket, football and athletics (one member of the family being a good hurdler.)
SEE PORTSEA RECOLLECTIONS AND SAD MEN OF THE SEA UNDER "STIRLING".

TROVE: STIRLING, PORTSEA.
P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 22-6-1923. STIRLING-SULLIVAN. Gordon Stirling married Esther, daughter of Mr and Mrs Spencer Sullivan. (The Sullivans were pioneers at The Heads in 1843.)
P.8, The Argus, 2-8-1949. SANDERSON-STIRLING. Alexander, only son of Mr and Mrs J.Stirling, Dundee ,Portsea, married Catherine Jean, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs W.Sanderson of Sorrento.
P.3,The West Australian, 21-4-1944. Jock's adopted daughter became engaged to a West Aussie boy. This is just another example of sweethearts being found far from home during wartime, whereas they were usually neighbours or former schoolmates.
P.10, The Argus, 6-5-1944. MERRYWEATHER-LYONES. A short engagement! Their future was possibly in the air!
(Come on itellya, don't be so obscure! All right, they were both in the air force and were probably being posted to different stations.)
P.9, The Argus, 3-11-1954. SAD MEN OF THE SEA. Photo of Archie Knight, Jock Stirling and Frank Watson. No wonder mention was made by Frank Watson's wife (earlier in this journal) of animosity between the moneyed cliff top dwellers and the hard-working fishermen. Their nets had been ruined with acid and their look-out tower smashed with axes.
P.4, The Argus, 11-9-1941. The death notice for Matthew James (Barney) Stirling gave much information about family members. Barney, son of Helen and the late John Douglas Stirling died at 28 and was described as a patient sufferer.
P.24, The Argus, 19-3-1951. A.Stirling was one of a small group of lifesavers which rescued nine people dragged out to sea by a powerful undercurrent.
P.4, The Argus, 10-2-1934. PORTSEA RECOLLECTIONS. Much information about the Watsons and Stirlings. Jock had the contract to carry supplies to the South Channel Lighthouse.
P.13, The Argus, 9-11-1912. John and Helen's second daughter had died.
P.13, The Argus, 31-8-1918. POLWARTH. Two death notices were inserted for George Polwath, killed in action in France, by the Stirlings. He was an esteemed comrade of G.D.Stirling and possibly the sweetheart of May Stirling who inserted the second notice.
P.3, The Argus, 5-3-1956. Sam Stirling, captain of the club's surf boat crew was watching from the top of the clubhouse as his friend was taken by a shark.
THERE IS STILL PLENTY OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE STIRLINGS ON TROVE. HERE I MUST FINISH SO I CAN GET ON WITH UNFINISHED JOURNALS.










JEFF ROBINSON OWNED FRANKLIN HOUSE WHEN HE BEGAN BUILDING HIS CARAVANS!

11 comment(s), latest 11 months, 2 weeks ago

PIONEER PATHWAY, DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

When I was trying to find details of John (Peter) Shand's marriage to Mary (nee Hope, widow of John Huntley), I came across the Dromana Historical Society's PIONEER PATHWAY page. I thought it would be of benefit to write a few details about each family. In accord with my policy of not regurgitating history that has already been written, notes about these pioneers will be brief summaries, referring readers to sources that have extensive detail.

ADAMS Henry Everest and Eliza 1845.

Captain Henry Everest Adams was born in 1816 at Ramsgate in Kent to John Adams and Mary Susannah (nee Masterman.) The lad's second given name was the maiden name of his maternal grandmother. Young Henry was christened at Gravesend, Kent on 11-12-1818. The family legend had it that Captain Adams was the illegitimate son of Lord Vivian but it proved that the association between the Adams family and the aristocrat involved delivery of supplies to the Navy in Canada.

Henry went to sea at an early age. He proved to be a willing sailor and after several years was put in command of a ship which sailed all over the world, trading with eastern countries, England and eventually Australia. On one of Captain Adams' trips to England, he married Miss May of Kent (more likely eloped!) Some relatives knew her as Aunt Polly.

They set sail for Australia and on reaching Swan River, they anchored for a time while a son was born. The captain named him Robert Henry. This was about 1835 we think as he was 99 when he died in 1934. They proceeded after the birth to Port Phillip where the captain operated vessels to eastern countries for some time. He applied to the New South Government for a grant, and receiving it, transported his goods and chattels to the site in 1842.


The Huntley family believes that John Huntley Snr received a grant of 208 acres in 1848, but in the cases of John Huntley and Henry Everest the arrangement with the Crown was probably a depasturing (squatting) licence. It is possible that sight surveys had been done on the peninsula to settle the boundaries of Runs there. During such surveys certain land had probably been suggested as possible sites for future townships. The prospect of Dromana Township taking up much of their Arthurs Seat Run was probably the reason Andrew and Georgiana McCrae handed it over to the Burrells.

The Burrells bought the Arthurs Seat pre-emptive right in about 1851, most likely because their depasturing licence had been cancelled and selection of the surveyed land was to begin. On a map of Wannaeue showing early selections along the Bay coast between the Burrell land and Boneo Rd, only one Crown Allotment was blank. This was C.A. 20, bounded by The Avenue,Cape Schanck Rd and Parkmore Rd (Melway 158 J12.) In just one advertisement found on trove, this was later described as Wannaeue Village.

Adams descendants talk of a property of 750 acres. I believe that one of Henry's children had kept a document detailing the 750 acres for such certainty about its size to exist. Crown allotment 20 only consisted of about 100 acres. In the first available rate record, Henry Everest Adams was assessed on a 7 roomed house and 191 acres. The house was on land he did not own, at Adams' Corner (Wattle Place) but he did own 191 acres. This was Crown Allotment 19, between Parkmore Rd and Adams Avenue and granted to Isaac White. In Harvey Marshall's scrapbook in a copy of an indenture involving Henry, his wife and Isaac White concerning a property at Port Melbourne. I believe that Henry and Isaac White were very good friends and that Isaac selected C.A.19 to keep an eye on Eliza while Henry was making his trading voyages.

If the captain did indeed have 750 acres at one time, it probably consisted of the future Wannaeue Village, the owned 191 acres of C.A. 19 and Crown Allotment 32 (A, B,C etc) on the north side of Hove Rd, a total of 727 acres,the missing 23 acres probably accounted for by construction of The Avenue, Wattle Rd and portion of (the present) Bayview Rd. An indication of familiarity with allotment 32 is that an application by Robert Henry Adams (the lad born at Swan River) for a licence to occupy about 44 acres of allotment 32, subject to special road condition,was approved on 1-12-1881. This 44 acre block, 32D, became 41 acres 3 roods and 18 perches, the now-closed road taking 1.993 acres. Back Road Bob Cairns bought much of 32 Wannaeue and this may have caused the animosity of circa 1906 between the two families related to the flooding of Hobson's Flat Road and Robert Henry Adams' assault on Cairns and his son.

On 27-11-1863, the captain was granted crown allotments 5 and 6, section D, Dromana Township, consisting of 36 acres west of Towerhill Rd, whose north west corner was just south of the hairpin bend in Melway 159 E11, which ran south to Arthurs Seat Rd, including the present Nestle Crt. The ownership of this land passed to Nelson Rudduck when the Captain moved to Sth Melbourne at the urging of Robert and his "gentlewoman" wife.

On 6-12-1866, the Captain was also granted 56 acres in the parish of Nepean, being Crown Allotments 73 and 68, south of Melbourne Rd between William Buckley Way and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 C12.) He didn't retain this land very long, selling sold it to Duffy.

The Captain established his Vivyan Vineyard on 19 Wannaeue and possibly near the summit of Arthurs Seat; his son obviously kept the vineyard in production. According to Rye pioneer William Rowley, Bob Adams' wine was a shilling a bottle and after two glasses you would be climbing a telegraph pole, but they couldn't get enough of it in Singapore. The advertisement for the 36 acres on the mountain(circa 1880) referred to Henry's period of residence (not indicating an 1842 arrival) but this may have meant since he had quit the sea or obtained the grant.

Captain Henry Everest Adams is supposed to have beached the Roseanne and built his house from its timbers. Was the 7 roomed house of 1864 the original cottage or the extension built by Henry and Robert? A fort was being built at Pt Nepean to repel feared invaders and the Governor made frequent trips there to inspect progress. Governor Hopetoun often stopped at the Adams' guest house so it became Hopetoun House. There were some aspects of hospitality offered that did not please the Adams women who later renamed it Merlyn Lodge.

Henry and Eliza Adams only had two children, Robert, and Emma who was born on 14-7-1842 in Adelaide. Emma was thought to have died in childhood but Len Williams discovered that she had married Charles Edward Tyler Barton in Melbourne in 1861. Their first child, Charles Henry Barton, born at Sandridge(Port Melbourne) in 1863, returned from New Zealand after his wife and child died and married Emily Mary Nash.

Robert Henry Adams married Mary Jane Hopcraft who, being a gentlewoman, could not tolerate the captain's seafaring ways (wine, women and song with the odd naughty word or two might be an accurate estimate) and when he offered his grandchildren a taste of his Vivyan Vintage that was the last straw. She refused to live in the same house as the Old Salt.Robert, 28, and Mary, 19, had married in 1873, but by 15-12-1877 he was at Robert Anderson's Barragunda having his application for a licence (for allotment 69 in section A of the Parish of Balnarring) witnessed. It was actually 69A Balnarring of 93 acres 1 rood and 22 perches (Melway 190 E9) which was sandwiched between the grants of William Hopcraft (190 F 9) and John Hopcraft (190 D7.)

When Henry moved to South Melbourne to stay with friends, the Mullens, Robert and Mary returned to Hopetoun House. Details of their offspring follows but beware of accepting the place of registration as the locale in which the birth took place. Henry Vivian (b. 1874 Dromana, married Sarah A.H.Morgan at Mornington 1897.); Mary Emma (b. and d.Dromana 1876.); Eva Helen Mary (b 1880 Dromana, married George Freeman 1903 Dromana.); Mary Jane (b.1882 Dromana, married Thomas Hall.); Mary Helen (b.1884*, married Ernest Lesley Harvey in 1907); Robert William (b.1886*, married a Pain girl, then a Hall girl.); Sarah Mabel (B.1889*, known as Mabel, married Keith McGregor.); Edith Rosa (b.1891*, married William Reeves 1914.) * = Tootgarook.

SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD: ADAMS V CAIRNS!
People cared for each other in the old days and if families were in trouble, such as the Connells near Red Hill or the Singletons of Dromana, there would be a benefit concert to help them.However tensions sometimes occurred, such as the feud between Robert Henry Adams and Back Road Bob Cairns which caused flooding of the Hobson's Flat Road near the corner of Hove and Bayview Rd. (The road to Cape Schanck, now called Bayview Rd, was known as the back road by locals but the council obviously called it Hobson's Flat Road.) These extracts from my SHOVEL TROUBLE AT ROSEBUD explain the reason for the road name and the feud.

Because Anthonys Nose jutted out into the bay, travel to places west of Arthurs Seat was mainly done on vessels. Even after a road was cut around The Rocks in the 1860s, much of the transport was by ships because the roads were poor but Jack Jones At Rosebud and the Rye school often waited for supplies such as food and fencing timber when sailing conditions were unsuitable.
The first European in the area was John Aitken, a pioneer west of Sunbury, who had to swim his sheep ashore when the ship was wrecked near Dromana soon after Melbourne had been settled. Not much later, Edward Hobson took up a run near Safety Beach but soon after moved to the west side of Arthurs Seat, Maurice Meyrick settled at Boneo for a short time and Jamieson at Cape Schanck, also briefly.
If the sea was calm, travelers could get around Anthonys Nose on the sand at low tide. On his way to Boneo, Meyrick had a snooze as he waited for low tide on one documented occasion. If the sea was rough, they would use the back road. Those headed to Cape Schanck would head inland on a track now followed by Latrobe Pde and follow the present freeway course across the Government Road (Jetty Rd) to another Government road (Browns Rd) and then head due south past George Smiths Wooloowoolooboolook homestead, which according to Georgiana McCrae, when writing about the lost Cain girl, was six miles from her homestead and thus near Patterson Rd. According to Spencer Jackson (Beautiful Dromana 1927), Smith was related to Captain Hobson by marriage so he was probably indirectly related to Edward Hobson. Those heading to Rye could take two other government roads (Browns Rd and Eastbourne Rd) to head west.
This road was known as the Back Road, thus giving Robert Cairns his nickname, Back Road Bob. It was not until I came across the articles that I found that the council referred to it as the Hobsons Flat road. My knowledge of the farms of Robert Cairns and the Adams Corner family (as detailed in two other side projects, Talking History with Ray Cairns and Adams Corner) enabled me to specify that Hobsons Flat Road was the Cape Schanck road and to identify the part of this road (etched on the cover map) where crossings 1 and 2 were located.

I will leave you to read much of the detail about the Cairns family in Peter Wilsons The Cairns Family of Boneo. In brief, Robert Cairns settled at the north east corner of Boneo Rd and Browns Rd in about 1852. He was joined two years later by his brothers, David and Alexander, their passage probably assisted by the income that Robert had made from his lime-burning. Roberts in-laws had settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name, and Mary Campbell, who came out with Robert (possibly acting as a nanny during the voyage) found work with the Burrells at Arthurs Seat, where she met Edward Williams who arrived on a survey ship in 1855 (possibly with Sidney Smith Crispo) and they later married. Robert Cairns later moved in the 1870s to a farm called Maroolaba near Patterson Rd in the parish of Fingal, which was bounded on three sides by Patterson grants. This farm later passed to his son, Hill Harry who married Michael Cains daughter, Mary Agnes, and was the father of Ray and Charlie, both of whom were born at Grandma Nevilles in South Melbourne.
Alexander moved across Boneo Rd in 1870 to the grant he received with Amos, who according to the late Ray Cairns was a relative who never came to Australia. Two of his sons were Eleanora Davey and William who bought land on the west side of Boneo Rd near the beach and leased land near Chinamans Creek to the market gardening Wongs, who were so fleet of foot on the football field. Dalgleish Ave would have been named in honour of their Aunt Janet (below.)
David was paralysed when he fell from a vehicle and helped as much as he could with a guest house that Janet (Dalgleish) ran at Flinders. Three of his sons married daughters of old lime- burner, Edward Russell; they had probably attended school at the Boneo school at Blacks Camp near the Cape Schanck turn off. His son David (Blacks Camp Davey) farmed near this turn off and another son, Henry (Carrier or Rabbity Harry), who farmed in the same vicinity, carried passengers, fish and rabbits to the Mornington railhead. (James Campbell Williams, the son of Edward and Mary, known as Jimmy the Squid, performed the same function from Rosebud West.) Due to the Flinders connection, the family was linked by marriage to the Boyd, Symonds and Haddow families. The two sons most linked with Rosebud were Rosebud Ted and Back Road Bob. Edward married Elizabeth Bucher (from an early Rosebud Fishing Village family of which members farmed at Boneo) and in 1916 received a grant bounded by Jetty, Eastbourne and Hobsons Flat Rds. He had been involved on Woolcotts subdivision by 1910, and according to the aforementioned plan of early Rosebud, lived across McDowell St from the Safeway entry, next door to William Patterson, who married his daughter, Ruby, after his first wife, Roberts Margaret, died in 1920.
Back Road Bob(1848-1937), one our combatants in the shovel trouble, who married Annie Symonds, settled in 1877 on the Back Road. This was probably on 32b of 108 acres, for which he received the grant on 23-12-1887.He extended his grants to the east, purchasing 32 in 1901 and 32g in 1906, most likely having also held these two parcels on licence since 1877. Peter Wilson called his house Tornvilla but I believe this is a mistake caused by the illegible scribble produced by many shire secretaries. Both rate books and family notices call it Fern Villa. After an initial subdivision of Back Road Bobs land, the one acre block on which the house stood was again subdivided as the Marina Heights Estate. The spelling of Cairn Rd is probably due to the same brain-dead moron who decided that Edward Williams Eastbourne was to be now 17 William Cres., but that Browns Rd should retain the possessive s, the removal of which is what I believe was the purpose of the exercise. See Shire of Flinders Heritage Study, part 1, page 369 re Tornvilla (sic.)

THE ADAMS FAMILY.
That there is any history of Adams Corner is due to the lady that runs the Mens Hairdresser shop next to Hendersons Real Estate. Somehow the subject of local history came up and she showed me the plan of Early Rosebud. The next time I saw her, she had remembered who gave it to her, Harvey Marshall. What a wealth of material Harvey gave me to work with!
Although Adams Corner has been done for ages, three details have yet to be sorted out. Firstly when Henry Everest Adams arrived in Rosebud, secondly why crown allotment 20 Wannaeue was not open for selection and thirdly why family legend speaks of a 750 acres grant, when there were only about 290 acres in crown allotments 19 and 20. All three mysteries might be solved when Harvey obtains a document said to be in the possession of family members. Harvey calls it a grant and says that it was given for services rendered to the Government but I believe it was a special long term lease (licence).
The Dromana Historical Societys Pioneers garden near the old shire hall gives Captain Adams year of arrival as 1845 but its submission for the naming of a park in the area states that he arrived in 1839-40. He was said to have beached his vessel and used its timbers to build his cottage. I believe that Crown Allotment 19 was bought on his behalf by Isaac White, who was obviously a good friend. Part of crown allotment 20 was subdivided by the crown as Wannaeue Village in about 1877 and this (and perhaps a long-term lease) might be why the land was reserved from selection in the 1850s. The land that Back Road Bob selected might have been part of the land that Henry had been occupying and this could help to explain the ill-feeling that came to a head by 1904; it is interesting that Cairns settled on his land in the same year that Wannaeue Village was put up for sale.
It is likely that Henry combined trading with places such as Singapore with his agricultural pursuits and brick- making on the peninsula. One of his products was wine from his Vivyan Vineyard and he couldnt sell it in Melbourne but Singapore couldnt get enough of it. One of the pioneering Rowleys described it as a very potent brew. The Captain bought 36 acres (lots 5 and 6 of Section D, Dromana Township as shown on the following map) and 56 acres (crown allotments 73 and 68, parish of Nepean) on the south side of Melbourne Rd between Mission St and Diamond Bay Rd (Melway 157 D 12.) He sold the Nepean land to Duffy before long but held the Dromana land until the former Miss Hopcraft laid down the law to Robert Adams. Henrys son had married her in 1873 and she had refused to live in the same house as the captain. He had given up the sea but not his seafaring ways.
Wine, women and song! Perhaps we should also add swearing and violent temper. The wine we already know about, but Roberts wife was appalled when he insisted on giving his grandchildren a taste. The Hopcrafts hailed from the north end of Tucks Rd and were probably part of the strong Methodist presence in Red Hill and Main Ridge. By 1877, Robert was applying for a licence for land between that of William and John Hopcraft. That he did not get the grant is probably due to the fact that the captain finally got the message and moved to South Melbourne to live with his old friends, the Mullins. Women! One of the prominent guests was the Governor, Lord Hopetoun, and the guest house was named Hopetoun House in his honour. The same name graces Harveys front gate in Wattle Place but the women of the family hated it and renamed the house Merlyn Lodge. You see, some of the female employees were not there to clean, cook or serve at table; they satisfied the gentleman guests in other ways. I have no evidence that the captain sang but the connection between drink and karaoke is fairly strong! The Captains temper is part of the family legend and despite his sons upright character, the assault on Robert Cairns son, Godfrey, in 1905 shows that he was at least a splinter off the old block!

The other players in the drama.
William Henry Hobley seems to have grown up in the Mornington area, A Richard Hobley was badly injured there in 1872 as a 13 year old. He received his grant in Hove Rd in 1890 and a bridge (probably opposite the tennis club site) became known as Hobleys bridge. He was unjustly accused of causing the drainage problem as shown in the following articles. He obtained licences for 3 and 9 passenger stage coaches in 1895 and won the Dromana- Mornington mail contract in 1902. It is possible that he lost this contract after 1904 and by 1910 was farming near Leongatha. A John Lima Moraes, who might have been a son in law, farmed his land for some time. He committed suicide by drowning in a waterhole. His widows executor was sub inspector Frederick Hobley, who might have been his son. Frederick was in 1938 put in charge of the detectives training course. With personal expertise in photography and ballistics, he headed up the police scientific branch.
Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck was one of the early permanent settlers on the peninsula and had been a member of the Road Board in the 1860s. He seems to have been a well-informed councillor but was eventually rejected by ratepayers because he came across as a bit of a know-all. He attempted to regain a seat in three of the ridings but was defeated at each attempt. He still gave his advice whether it was wanted or not. As he lived near so many of the Cairns family, it is no surprise that he took Back Road Bob Cairns side in the dispute.
NOT ALWAYS ROSEY AT ROSEBUD! Strangely, a period of intense disharmony involved three families which were not only neighbours but were also involved in the conveyance of tourists, from the steamers that disgorged them at Dromana, to Rosebud and places such as Cape Schanck. Also involved were Robert Anderson of Barragunda at Cape Schanck and the shire engineer (who served in the same capacity at Mornington Shire.)
Peter Wilson said that Back Road Bob Cairns sons were engaged in conveying passengers. Bobby Adams was described by Isobel Moresby as one of those who waited at the Dromana pier for the steamers (with Lord Hopetoun the Governor, his most famous passenger) and Hobley had obviously been at it since 1897. It is likely that Robert Adams and William Hobley were mates and that both were annoyed by Robert Cairns water diversion, which flooded Adams land and brought unwarranted blame onto Hobley. Anderson had been a long serving councillor and criticized plans for the drainage of Hobsons Flat. As many of the Cairns family, such as Blacks Camp Davey, Hill Harry and Rabbitty Harry, lived near Anderson, and were probably his friends, he failed to mention that Back Road Bob had caused the problem but Hobley made sure that this fact became known and that he was not responsible.
In early days, the Rye directory referred to the Swamp Village 6 miles east of Rye. My measurements in Melway indicate that this was near the lighthouse. Many creeks arose on Arthurs Seat and flowed to Westernport or Port Phillip Bay and they still exist but those that flow through Hobsons Flat are now underground drains, some under roads. The Avenue was Adams Creek and to the west were Eeling Creek which passes under the car park east of Tom Salt Reserve, and Peateys Creek which runs under Mitch Laccos statue near Murray Anderson Rd. The Drum Drum Alloc Creek flows west through Rosebud West producing the famed Tootgarook Swamp before emptying into the sea. Due to poorly defined channels and the mouths often being blocked, the flats could become very soggy and unsuitable for farming.
The Hobsons Flat (Cape Schanck ) road had been formed in the early days with two crossings over Waterfall Creek, the eastern called crossing 1 and the western number 2. The road could be none other than Bayview Rd at about Melway 170 G2 and the creek the one that now goes underground at Hove Rd near the gazetted cemetery (tennis club.) The Hobsons Flat drainage issue was discussed at the council meeting reported on page 3 of the Mornington Standard of 13-5-1897. Adams had been offered permission to cut a drain from crossing 2 (which Cr Anderson said was the natural flow) to crossing 1 (obviously on his own land WNW of the road) but he had refused.
Crs Clark and Baldry moved that a drain be cut on the east side of the road at council expense to carry water to crossing 2 and despite Andersons claim that it would create a chasm on Robert Cairns frontage and probable litigation, the motion was carried 5 to 3. Anderson claimed that a notice of motion should have been required, but the President, John Cain, said it was not necessary. Anderson then lodged a written protest. It is presumed that the issue had come to a head because water had backed up at crossing 2, because of Robert Adams dam, and covered the road. A council report (M.S. 12-3-1896 p.3) showed that Adams obstruction was causing the road to be covered with water for 200 yards. Andersons motion, ordering him to remove the obstruction and fill in drains he had cut on that road and The Avenue, was passed. This was despite Cr Baldrys comment that Mr Muntzs report, suggesting exactly what Clark and Baldrys motion (above) stated, was the best solution.
Anderson, no longer a councillor, wrote a letter (M.S.8-10-1904 p.5) which opened old wounds and inflicted others, earning him a new enemy, the shire engineer, H.E.Moors. He quoted from the engineers report that Adams had built a dam at No. 2 crossing 10 years before, that as no action was taken by council or neighbours, the matter was condoned and the statute of limitations applied. Anderson stated that the statute applied after fifteen years and it was doubtful that it applied to crown land and roads anyway. He said that council did not condone the dam but had sought legal advice which was that since council had not prevented Mr Hobley cutting a drain across a road higher up on the south west side, thus diverting extra water into Mr Cairns paddock leading to crossing 2, Adams had a right to block that extra water. He then mentioned that council had cut a drain from 2 to 1 on the lower side of the road causing an enormous chasm and that the engineer now recommended a similar drain on the upper side (on Cairns land)which would probably result in litigation from Adams (loss of water) and Cairns (chasm on his frontage.) Anderson said that the only safe and legal solution was to stop Hobleys diversion of water on the higher road.
A week later ((15-10-1904 p.2), Willam Hobleys irate reply appeared. I will give it verbatim, including the line that was almost illegible because of a crease in the page.

TO THE EDITOR. Sir, - Will you permit me to reply through your columns to Mr Andersons letter on the above subject. (William must have had a heading such as Hobsons Flat Drainage but the editor obviously deleted it, not realizing that the first sentence referred to it.) I would like to remind Mr Anderson that he was a very prominent member of the old Road Board in the early sixties, when the Hobsons Flat road was first formed. Now, Mr Anderson well knows that No. 1 crossing has not been allowed to do its duty for some time; the reason Mr Anderson well knows, viz., that Mr Cairns has blocked up the course to that crossing, by cutting a drain at an angle across the old water course, and turning the stream out at No. 2 crossing, also causing to be filled in the watercourse provided by the old Road Board (in the early sixties), thus preventing the water going to No. 1 crossing. Mr Anderson put the whole affair in a nutshell when he hints at the frontage to Mr Cairns house. This is the cause of the whole trouble. Mr Cairns is preventing the water taking its original course and as somebody must be blamed, Mr Anderson wants to make me the scape-goat for other peoples sins. Mr Anderson seems to forget that Mr Cairns had to admit, when asked by Mr Muntz, in the presence of ex- Councillor Bensilum and himself, that the water had always run in the creek known as Waterfall Gully through my land on to Mr Cairns land. Mr Anderson left, apparently fully convinced that I had not diverted the water. I only wish to add, in conclusion, that it is utterly impossible for me to divert water to No.1 or No.2 crossing as I do not own the land frontage to either crossing. Hoping this vexed question will be settled without fear or favour.- Yours, &c., WILLIAM HOBLEY. ROSEBUD, October 13, 1904.
Another week later (M.S. 22-10-1904 p.5.), there came a far more personal reply to Andersons letter from Henry E. Moors, the shire engineer. Before detailing his responses (including insults that he would not have dared to hurl at a sitting councillor), some background on the two shire engineers mentioned is necessary. Muntz was the Broadmeadows Shire Engineer at some time (which I can confirm when the publisher of Victorian Historical finally returns my material) and was criticized for performing the same function with several other municipalities at the same time as well as working as an architect. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History.) He was the engineer in the mid 1890s when the Hobsons Flat drainage matter first arose. Moors was also the engineer for Mornington Shire and apparently lived in Mornington. Some West Riding councillors wanted a resident engineer living in Sorrento but it was pointed out by East Riding councillors that Sorrento was more distant from their area than Mornington.
Moors wrote two letters, the second in reply to one on the 15th from Robert Cairns, (who denied that he had exaggerated, accused Adams of causing the damage and called Adams an excitable little man), which probably led (along with the drainage squabble) to the shovel incident. Moors implied that Cairns had breached Adams dam. The second letter stated that Muntzs report of 29-2-1896 had cleared Hobley of any water diversion, countered Andersons claims and remarked that Anderson was not a lawyer, doctor, chemist, or a councillor despite his inflated opinion of his competence and had been rejected by ratepayers in one riding and then another. (Actually three ridings!)
Having diverted from a Hobley focus, I have decided to produce a booklet about Hobsons Flat drainage called SHOVEL TROUBLE FROM ROSEBUDS PAST and get back on track. This will include the case of Robert Henry Adams assault with a shovel (M.S. 5-8-1905, p. 5) on Robert and Godfrey Cairns while they took a short cut across Adams land. William Hobley, in an obvious effort to support Adams, said that he had seen notices forbidding trespassers crossing but changed his mind during cross examination.



Members of the family still live near Adams' Creek (The Avenue) a century and a half after Captain Adams' arrival.

ARKWELL John and Hannah 1862.
The Arkwells settled at Red Hill early and received grants for 12A and 12B Kangerong. Consisting of 143 acres this land is between Arkwell and Andrews Lanes (Melway 190 K 2-4.) The family pioneered the growing of strawberries at Red Hill. A photo of the Arkwell's packing shed is on page 73 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
See my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

BLAKELEY William and Martha 1865.
See BLAKELEY entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL.

BUCHER Henry and Ann 1865.
Henry Bucher and his wife Ann ( nee White settled on the foreshore at Rosebud in 1863. Henry was from Boston, Massachusetts and Ann came from Scotland with her parents. (Rosalind Peatey said that Ann Bucher came from Clackmannon in Scotland as did the Cairns.) Henry built a cottage, probably wattle and lime daub) on his block on the west side of today's Bucher Place that he called Modesty Cottage. Their eldest daughter, Rose, was the first child born in Rosebud. Their second son, Sam, later bought lot 19, on the east side of Durham Place, from the grantee.(No Bucher was assessed in the 3-9-1864 rates.)

By 1919 Mrs Ann Bucher, who had apparently been a widow by 1900, was assessed on both blocks in the fishing village, Henry Bucher of Brighton on quite a few blocks on 17 Wannaeue (between Jetty Rd and Norm Clark Walk right through to Eastbourne Rd) and Samuel James Bucher of Mornington on 188 acres and buildings, crown allotment 1, section A, Wannaeue (Melway 170 F 12 south to Limestone Rd.) If I remember correctly, a member of the family ran the Mornington Sea Baths.

There is a photo of Henry and Ann Bucher on page 17 of Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.

BURRELL Joseph, Charlotte and family 1851.
Visit the Burrell wing at the McCrae Homestead. There is a photo of the Burrell family on page 34 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CAIRNS Robert and Mary 1852.
See extensive CAIRNS detail under SHOVEL TROUBLE in the ADAMS entry.
Robert was intending to farm but found limeburning more lucrative and soon persuaded his brothers, David and Alexander, to join him at what became known as Little Scotland (Melway 170 B-C 10-11.) He had come out with Mary's parents, the Drysdales, who settled on the other side of the bay, giving Drysdale its name. Another who came out with Robert and Mary, as a sort of a nanny, was Mary Campbell. On arrival she found work with the Burrells and when officers on a survey ship were invited to the Burrells, she met Edward Williams. They married and lived on Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd before Edward bought Eastbourne from S.S.Crispo.

Robert later established Maroolaba near Pattersons Rd in Fingal, later carried on by his son, Hill Harry, and his son, Ray, who died recently after making his last century. Descendants of the three brothers spread all over the peninsula; Doug Cairns of Mornington, who bought "Seven Oaks" at Bitten North, knocked around with one of Australia's greatest artists, Arthur Boyd, who developed his skills while living with his grandfather at 62 Rosebud Pde, Rosebud from 1936-9.

The Cairns families were linked by marriage with such pioneering names as Russell, Symonds, Patterson, McLear, Boyd, Haddow, Bucher, Cain, McGregor and Purves. As discovered in an interview with Ray Cairns ten days after his 100th birthday, Ray and Charles Cairn's birthplace is recalled by the name of a street on Owen Cain's "Tyrone" between Rye and Canterbury Rd. They were born at the home of Grandma Neville in South Melbourne; she was Michael Cain's mother in law.

Nicknames are very much associated with the history of the Cairns family. Their selection at Boneo at the north east corner of Boneo and Browns Rds was known as Little Scotland and an amusing tale (on page 98 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA) about a visit by George McCrae who was helping hawker, Charles Graves,tells of one of the many blond tackers having trouble cracking his whip: "Ae cunnae crruck a whee whup yet."

I will leave you to read page 13 of THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO to find the nicknames used to distinguish members of the three families who bore the same names but I wish to comment on one in particular. Harry Cairns (son of David, born in 1861)ran a thrice weekly, two-horse coach service linking Fingal with the railhead at Mornington and Ray Cairns called him Carrier Harry. In describing the same details on page 52 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, Colin McLear called him "Rabbity" Cairns. True, Harry carried fish and rabbits to the railhead, which would have made the trip smelly as well as bumpy and slow, but it would have added to the confusion if one man had two different nicknames. It is possible that Rabbity was a nickname associated with Carrier Harry's oldest brother, James T.Cairns (1840-1829), who was employed as a rabbit inspector by the Department of Lands,with responsibility for the whole of the Mornington Peninsula.

See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO and the ADAMS entry for much more detail.


CHAPMAN George and Elisabeth 1859.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and the CHAPMAN entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

George Chapman (1829-1898) came to Australia in 1857 and arrived in Dromana five years later according to Colin McLear. Perhaps evidence has been found of an earlier arrival in the area. I believe that the founder of "Seawinds" might have been related to Nelson Rudduck's father-in-law, Fred Chapman, that he might have met Elisabeth Bain, whom he married, due to a connection with "Lochton" at Bulla, and that he or his descendants bought land in the triangle bounded by McCulloch St, Arthur St and Palmerston Ave in Dromana; George, Thomas and James Streets could have been named after George and two of his sons.

Fred Chapman's haystack at the Saltwater River was destroyed by fire in 1856 after the Kay, Chapman and Caye grant on Tullamarine Island had been sold to the Faithfulls. A flour mill was built on Lochton in 1856 by David Robie Bain if my memory serves me correctly. (Fire-A Deamtime of Dromana; Faithfulls-titles information; Bain-"Bulla Bulla" by I.W.Symonds.)

In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of the family's Belmont guesthouse in Dromana on page 49 and James and Miss Janet Chapman on page 135.

CHAPMAN George and Isabel 1870.
I did a lot of assuming re the first George Chapman, but on a sound basis. Here I'm not so sure. Colin McLear seems to indicate, on page 83 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, that Henry George Chapman, a Dromana blacksmith, and his wife Isabel (nee Gibson, born 1865), were known to friends as George and Bella. The index wrongly states that Henry George is mentioned on page 58 but on page 63 we discover that he was the brother of Jane Sophia Chapman who married Nelson Rudduck. It is possible that he suggested Nelson's move to Dromana.

I believe that Henry George was related to the first George Chapman, whose sixth child, George Henry, born in 1873 only saw one New Year. Isabel actually arrived in 1865! An indication that Henry George was actually known as George is provided in the 1900 rates when George Henry? Chapman was assessed on 204 acres, Kangerong; the question mark being the rate collector's. James George Chapman, son of the first George, was assessed on
320 acres, 26AB, 27 Wannaeue (Sea Winds.)

The present Dromana Football Ground was practically donated by Henry George Chapman in a deal organised by Spencer Jackson. (P.181 of Colin's book and similar articles found on trove.) His blackmith shop is shown on page 59 of Colin's book.

CLEINE Charles and Elizabeth 1867.
See the CLEINE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

CLYDESDALE James and Julia 1860.
See the extensive CLYDESDALE entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal. There are photos of James and Julia on page 157, and Bob and Jack Clydesdale (in Dromana's 1931 footy premiership team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

CRICHTON John and Jane circa 1860.
The Crichtons established Glen Lee on the west side of Boneo Rd (opposite the Boniyong pre-emptive right) between Browns and Limestone Rds (Melway 169 J-K 12 to 252 J-K3.). There is a fair amount of detail in LIME LAND LEISURE but not about the other two parcels of land, also in the parish of Wannaeue, owned by the family. The 344 acres, bush paddocks, consisted mainly of 10B and 9B, of 314 acres, granted to John Crichton in the 1870's were located at roughly Melway 254 G2-4, south and east to Main Creek and Barkers Rd. The 678 acres, farmed by Alex Crichton, and granted to John Lovie, fronted Hiscock and parts of Truemans and Browns Rd (roughly Melway 169 E-H 8-9 and H-J 10-11.)

John Crichton did not settle on Glen Lee immediately. On 3-9-1864, he was leasing a house, outbuildings and 340 acres, Fingal from John Barker who still had his his 6014 acre run but was probably living in the house on the Cape Schanck Run mentioned in the 1902 article "Around Flinders." On 5-9-1865, he was assessed on 640 acres and an 8 roomed house leased from John Barker; this was the Boniyong pre-emptive right across the road from GlenLee for which he obtained the grant in the 1870's.
Catherine Crichton was assessed on the bush paddocks for some time. She probably did not live there as her gravestone at the Dromana Cemetery calls her Catherine Crichton of Glen Lee.

Members of the family mentioned in the 1879 rates were John senior and junior on 453 acres ( Glen Lee), Hugh on 314 acres (bush paddocks) and Alex on Lovie's. Lovie had probably moved because James Ford had taken him to court for digging ditches on the road.

Catherine Crichton had the bush blocks in 1910 but (perhaps because of her death, year not recorded), Arthur Glover of Auburn was assessed on them in 1919, while John Crichton was still on Glen Lee and Hugh Crichton was occupying 16 acres and buildings, 25A, Wannaeue, granted to him on 21-4-1911, at the south west corner of Glen Lee (roughly the private access road in 252 H3.)

The Crichtons remain part of the community and one member was heavily involved in the formation of the Rosebud Country Club (Birdies and Bogies, the Club's history, available at the Rosebud Library.)

There may be a family connection between the Crichtons and the exotically named Dolphins, among whose descendants there seems to be a current day cricketing legend. While researching the Balnarring Gibsons, I noticed a James Crighton Dolphin and wondered if his second given name had suffered the same mis-spelling in rate books as the Glen Lee family's surname.Then I found the correction to James Crichton Dolphin at assessment number 48 in the 1904-5 rates.

DYSON John and Mary Anne 1863.
The transition from "carter" to buslines seems logical. Terrific information in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, including a 1927 photo of the Panoramic Estate showing the remains of the Dyson orchard on page 188, a photo of the Dyson bus fleet on page 51, Bill Dyson and wife on page 85,.

GIBSON Walter and Margaret circa 1855.
Walter was an early tenant of the Survey and Walter St (160 B4) is on lot 4 of the subdivision of Clarke's Estate (the survey except for Bruce's 1000 acres north of Martha Cove Waterway), purchased by the Gibsons. Walter washed his sheep in Sheepwash Creek and straightened the last mile of Dunns Creek which originally emptied into Sheepwash Creek. Walter later purchased William Cottier's grants west of Collins Rd(160 B-C 5-8) and established Glenholme. Much, much more in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are many photos of the Gibsons
and Glenholm(e)(P.82) in the book. It is possible that William Gibson of Red Hill was Walter's brother.

GIBSON William and John Thomas (Red Hill) 1871
As I have only transcribed parish of Balnarring rates in 1919, I can only presume that a grantee in that parish was William Gibson. W.Gibson was granted crown allotment 78A of 190 acres 1 rood and 14 perches on 22-7-1874. It had a 1116 metre frontage to the east side of Red Hill Rd and a 1018 metre frontage to the north side of Stanleys Rd (Melway 191 G-H 3-4 roughly.) Across Red Hill Rd was John Huntley's Hillside where William Joseph McIlroy worked from about 27-9-1877 until 19-10-1890. His diary entry for 16-6-1890 said that Mrs Gibson had died so it can be assumed that she was the grantee's wife. (Extracts from W.J.McIlroy's diary in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL.)
James William Gibson (1900, 1919) James Gibson (1910) and Thomas Henry Gibson (1900,1910)had land south of Arthurs Seat Rd near Main Creek Rd. They would seem to have been from William's family but I will not bother detailing the locations of their farms until the family connection is established.

There is no mention of Thomas Gibson in the East Riding assessments. I believe that he was William Gibson's younger brother or that like Henry George Chapman (known as George), John Thomas Gibson was known as Thomas.

William Gibson was at Red Hill before 1871.The Flinders Road Board was proclaimed in 1868 so the assessments of 8-6-1869 were probably the first. Interestingly they were recorded in geographical order rather than alphabetically. William Gibson (who supposedly owned the house and 190 acres he occupied), was followed by George Sherwood, house and 128 acres, Balnarring. The rate collector was heading north up Red Hill Rd.

The owner of 78A on the north corner of Stanleys Rd was William Gibson, and George Sherwood was the grantee of crown allotment 79B three years later and probably the owner condemned by Alfred Ernest Bennett for planting the fruit trees too close together in his 20 acre orchard. Bennett called his property Kent Orchard; The west end of Kentucky Rd starts near the north west corner of 79B but mainly bisects Sherwood's grant.

By 2-10-1875, William's house was described as having three rooms and it was wrongly recorded as still being leased from the Crown; it was granted on 22-7-1874. I guess William didn't tell the rate collector. Henry James Gibson, farmer, had 20 acres and a tannery in Balnarring (parish.) No connection with William has been found yet but could exist. The details for William remained unchanged on 31-7-1880 and 30-7-1881 but John Gibson was assessed on 187 acres leased from the Crown, in the parish of Bittern, east of Balnarring Rd. Occupations were now being recorded and William Gibson was a bootmaker, while John described himself as a farmer.

William's details remained unchanged in the 20-7-1885 assessments but there was no entry in the PERSON TO BE RATED column for the 187 acres, Bittern; however the rates were paid on 31-10-1885. What was going on?

On 17-7-1886, we see assessment number 41, Gibson William, owner W.Gibson, 190 acres and buildings, Balnarring but, above "William", John is written in small, faint script. This could mean that William had died(about four years before his widow, who as yet is nameless.) A year later, the assessment of 16-7- 1887 recorded John as the owner of the 190 acres. On the 30-9-1889 record the property had been split into two 95 acre halves on which John T.Gibson and William Gibson were assessed. I would presume that this William was of the next generation but I think that John T.Gibson could have been the same John who leased Crown land in Bittern.

This joint ownership continued but in 1909-10 John ThomasGibson, Red Hill, farmer, was assessed on only
55 acres and buildings,part crown allotment 78A, Balnarring, an entry for A.W.Farrell of Balnarring being squeezed in to indicate that 40 acres of 78A had been sold recently.William Gibson still had his half of 78A.
John Thomas Gibson must have been struggling. At the very beginning of the 1909-10 rates, and just discovered, is a letter to him from a solicitor saying the he'd been instructed to proceed against J.T. over 3 pounds 19 shillings and fivepence in unpaid rates.

There were no Gibsons in the last assessment on microfiche (1919-20)so I back-pedalled to 1917-8.
(A.N. 87),John T.Gibson, of Red Hill was assessed on 53 acres and buildings(obviously still 55 as (A.N.58) George C.Clark of Red Hill had 40 acres of that half)and (A.N. 213)Albert C.Ratcliffe of Red Hill had 75 acres of 78A. Having looked through the whole east riding record for any mention of 78A Balnarring, I believe that Albert had purchased the whole of William Gibson's 95 acre half of 78A.

John T. Gibson or William Gibson probably had a son called George. You will remember (I hope!) my rationale for assuming the Mrs Gibson who died in 1890 was the wife of the grantee of 8A Balnarring. W.J.McIlroy was working on the Huntleys' across Red Hill Rd. from the Gibson farm. Widow Huntley had married John (Peter) Shand and they had moved to Kentucky, 121 acres whose homestead still stands at 214 Dromana-Bittern Rd. The Huntleys' 105 acres 15B Kangerong was occupied by Carl Jaby Smith in 1919-20. See if you spot any familiar names in this notice from the Argus of 20-5-1930 (P.1, DEATHS.)

Deaths. SMITH. On 18th May at private hospital, Somerville, Annie Catherine, dearly loved wife of the late Carl C.Juby Smith,loving mother of Fred (deceased), Edgar (deceased), Charles (deceased),Caroline (Mrs George Clarke, Red Hill), Frances (Mrs Geo. Gibson , Red Hill), aged 76 years.( The funeral was to leave George Clarke's portion of the Gibson grant known as Rondebosch.)

George Gibson seems to have died in about November 1937, his wife and daughter expressing their thanks for the bereavement cards in the Argus of 20-11-1937. William Nicholas Gibson late of Red Hills, Dromana and Montrose died on the 23rd December, aged 81 at a private hospital at Hampton. (Argus 27-12-1919 p.1.) John Thomas Gibson had a daughter named Ruby Alice who died on 27-10-1890 at the age of 8. (Argus 29-10-1890, P.1.)
The GIBSON-ADAMSON marriage notice on page 17 of the 3-9-1927 Argus stated that Henry Gibson was the eldest son of the late J.T. and A.Gibson of Balnarring.

I am sure that I saw a newspaper article about Walter Gibson's brother,William finding a body on Glenholm while I was seeking other information but I have not managed to rediscover it. Walter's son, William, born in 1868, was probably named after him. Was the Red Hill pioneer Walter's brother?


GRIFFITH Abraham and Rebecca 1854.
Abraham Griffith, master of a whaler out of Philadelphia came to Victoria in 1854, supposedly bringing Watson and Bernard Eaton with him. Bernard, the gold mining brother mentioned by Colin, probably took off to the diggings fairly soon but Watson, Dromana's unofficial doctor until his death in 1877 (who did not have medical training as Colin suggested), farmed with the Griffith family on the Survey. In 1907 a local became very unpopular when he bid against the Griffith family for the old Griffith homestead block (lot 9 of Clarke's subdivision, Melway 160 H 3,4, part 5. bounded by the highway and Pickings Rd/Lane, with the non-historic Bluestone Cottage at its north west corner.) Watson Eaton selected 150 acres fronting Arthurs Seat Rd at the west corner of Eatons Cutting Rd and his executrix, Rebecca Griffith received the grant.
There is extensive detail about the Griffith family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA including photos of Jonah on page 35, John and Mary, Albert on page 71, Bert Griffith in the 1931 footy premiership team of 1931 on page 164, Ru Griffith in the Dromana Cricket Club premiership team on page 169.

HUNTLEY John and Catherine Evelyn (nee Hegarty)1851.
Bill Huntley insists that John Huntley Snr bought 208 acres in 1848 and even drove me into the northern end (just south of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve) to point out where the original cottage was. It is likely that John had land on licence from the Crown but it was granted to market gardener John Holmes (the northern 104 acres with a partner.) One of John and Catherine's daughters married Sir Thomas Bent and two of John Jnr's daughters lived overseas, one, a talented pianist and artist marrying a Spanish Count and the other, a journalist in America, becoming a great friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, who did not need to change her surname when she married!

Alfred Downward who established "Glengala" (Melway 162 F-G8) also owned land in Kangerong west of Junction Rd. When Alfred died in 1930, he left his land near Tubbarubba to his son, Herbert who habitually burnt off his Tubbarubba land every year. Often Percy Huntley and his sons, Arthur(killed in the war) and Bill would have to interrupt their fruit picking on "Rosslyn" to fight Herbert's out of control fires. (P.31 THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBAREL by Mary Karney.)

See the HUNTLEY entry in my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY journal.

McLEAR Mary Anne and children 1851.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There are at least 15 photos of the McLears and Maryfield (P.100) in Colin's book.

McILROY William and Margaret 1862.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. There is a photo of W.J.McIlroy, taken when he was 86, on page 160 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. See the SIMPSON entry!

McKEOWN James and Catherine 1864
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and my journal DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL. In A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Aringa, the family's gueat house in Dromana, on page 49, James and Catherine on page 86, the beautiful Eva and Gracefield, (where the family lived for a time after selling Glenbower at Red Hill) on page 87.

MOAT William and Esther 1864.
Colin Mclear must have seen a clearer Kangerong map than the one I possess as he gives the dates on which the 79 acres, bounded by Dunns Creek Rd, Harrisons Rd, the recreation reserve (one of Dromana's two racecourses) and White Hill Rd, was granted to William Moat. Colin also listed William's children and mentioned that Turnbull and Moat were building the Dromana Pier in 1874. However most of the references to the family in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA concerned Bernard Eaton's gold mine. As there is not much information about the family, I'll see what I can do.

The first point to note is that descendants of pioneering families pronounce the surname as Mowatt. John Moat, with his brothers and the Clydesdale and Peatey boys, had gained valuable experience working at Bernard Eaton's gold mine on the Tubbarubba diggings not far east of Moat's corner and it is likely that he tried his luck at the Western Australian diggings during the depression of the 1890's. He died on 8-3-1904 at Dromana so there must have been some reason a death notice was placed in a Western Australian paper.(P.5, The Daily News, 25-3-1904.)

John's sister, Esther, died in 1941 at the age of 74. She had been the only (first generation) member of the pioneering family, after whom Moat's Corner was named, still alive. (P.4,Standard, 11-7-1941.)

Francis Edward Moat had died in 1939 and his death notice reveals that the family had arrived in the district of Dromana in 1855.(P.4, Standard, 16-6-1939.)Frank's death notice (P.8, Argus, 3-7-1939) shows that he was the youngest son of William and Esther Moat and the loved brother of Charles and Esther. (John was one of William's children, according to Colin McLear, but he had died in 1904.)

Esther Moat, former superintendent of St Mark's (C of E)Sunday School in Dromana, inserted a death notice for Roger Jones, killed in action, adopted son of Dr Weld and her former Sunday School student.(P.11, Argus, 2-10-1915.) The Moats had been involved with St Mark's from the beginning and helped in its construction.

In 1915 William Moat was awarded a contract to supply 50 yards of limestone near Rye for 14 pounds seven shillings and sixpence.

Extracts from the family connections entry in my Peninsula Dictionary History.
MOAT-TRUEMAN
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. I suspect that the two families became acquainted through Ben Stenniken, Truemans northern neighbour on the west side of Truemans Rd. Stenniken often passed Moats Corner on the way to another property he farmed (151 A 12). Charles was farming at Moats Corner in 1900 but by 1910 was in Rye.
(See DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, and RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, Pages 27,35,47,52,54,55,61.)

MOAT-CAMPBELL
William, son of Charles, who had moved to Rye, married Ada Campbell.
It is likely that Ada was a descendant of John Campbell who built the original Rye Hotel on crown allotments 6 and / or 7 of section 1 in the township of Rye. These allotments lay between points 60 metres east of Napier St and 100 metres west of Lyons St. He was in partnership with William Cottier who contributed the hotel licence and name, transferred from the hotel that he had operated at Dromana in 1859 (LLL). Campbell was also responsible for an early portion of the Rye Pier. Details of this Campbell familys involvement in Rye can be found on pages 20-22, 28, 31-2, 34-5, 40, 51 and 120 of Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School 1667.


The following genealogical notes come from Heather Spunner of New South Wales.
James Trueman, (grantee of land on the west side of Tuemans Rd subdivided by the Guest and Doig families, the Oceanaires and Almaray Estates) and Jane (nee Cook) had eight children, the fourth being Sarah, born in 1857. She married Charles Moat in 1891. She died in 1936 in Dromana.

Sarah and Charles had a daughter, Ethel Moat, who was born in 1892 and died in 1955 in Caulfield. She married Henry David Higginbotham Allison and they had five children (details available on request.)(Henry was almost certainly a relative of William Allison who ran the Arthur's Seat Hotel at Dromana in the late 1880's, after marrying widow, Catherine Wainwright, before returning to his trade as a blacksmith.This hotel, near the bottom of Foote St, was burnt down in 1897.)
William was born in 1895 in Rye and died in 1953 at Sorrento. William married Ada Elizabeth Myers in 1925 and they had three children , the third, Marjory becoming a champion athlete at school.

The third child of Sarah and Charles, Maud Myrtle, was born in 1896 and married William Benjamin Horwood in 1924. (I believe the Horwood family was mentioned in Jennifer Nixon's FAMILY CONNECTIONS: SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.)

Patricia Appleford states in RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 that there were four Moat children at the Rye school in 1905. Did Susan miss one of Sarah and Charles' children or was Frank there for work opportunities?

Now for the missing evidence in the Schnapper Point Murder; this case got its name because the preliminary trial was held at Mornington but the murder took place near Tubbarubba. The following is an extract from my THE FEMALE DROVER: A HISTORY OF MOOROODUC. The source was The Argus.

THE SCHNAPPER POINT MURDER.
21-9-1874. Several residents near Three Chain Road were witnesses in the case of the Schnapper Point Murder. James Firth and his brother had come to see John and Agnes Wilson, who were occupying the Tuerong Station following Ralph Ruddells insolvency, to borrow some arsenic. James helped the constable to find the body. John McCusker, who was a sheep farmer living north of the two vineyards that are now located on Foxeys Rd, and his cousin, Peter Donnelly, were also key witnesses. Patrick Shannon was acquitted of murdering John Moriarty (Argus 19-10-1874.) One mystery that remained was what had become of some items that Moriarty was known to be carrying at the time of his death. The Hobart Mercury reported on 22-7-1895 that Charles and Frank Moat had found Moriartys watch and scales, but stated that if these items had been available at the trial, the verdict would have been the same.
Charles and Frank Moat owned land between Moats Corner and the racecourse (which is now a Recreation Reserve (Melway 160 H-J6.) By 1895 Charles had married a Rye girl and had become a Rye resident. However the depression of the 1890s was at its worst and the Moats (and Clydesdale and Peatey lads) were probably working on the Tubbarubba diggings for Bernard Eaton (the mysterious Mr Eaton mentioned by Colin McLear and C.N.Hollinshed.)

Now just one more job to do for our pioneers, the Moats. The digitised version of Sarah Moat's death notice is a mess..... Having fixed the digitised text I can now paste it here.
MRS. S. MOAT The death occurred on Sunday of Mrs. Sarah Moat at her residence at Rye. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs True- man, were among the early settlers of the district. Mrs. Moat was an ard- dent supporter of the Church of Eng- land. She leaves a husband, a son and two daughters. The funeral took place on Monday. On its way to the Rye Cemetery the cortege stopped at the Church of England where a ser- vice was conducted by the Rev. ? Hughes who also officiated at the grave. There was a large attendance of mourners. The casket was carried by Messrs W. Horwood, W. Moat, D Allison, ? Allison, J. Allison and C. W. Myers. The pall-bearers were Messrs R.Allison, S. Townsend, R. J. Myers and ? Myers. Mr Hector Gamble conducted the funeral.
(P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 7-2-1936.)

It was no wonder Sarah had been an ardent supporter of the Church of England. Just as the Moats were involved in the construction of St Marks at Dromana, Sarah's father, James Trueman, was involved with the construction of the Rye church. Ben Stenniken had supplied the limestone to build the Church of England building that served as school and church until it was ready to collapse. The historic front section of the church was built using James Trueman's lime to supplement the salvaged stone from the original building. The brass vases donated by the Trueman family, found unused in the back of a cupboard and likely to be tossed out by an unwitting spring cleaner, are safely in the hands of a Trueman descendant with whom I share this secret.

There are very clear photos of William and Frank Moat in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA on pages 78 and 120.


OSWIN John and Georgina 1867
Mary Karney is a descendant of John and Georgina. Today, I tried to borrow her book, THE GOLDEN PLAINS:TUBBARUBBAREL and was reminded why I decided to provide my history on FAMILY TREE CIRCLES instead of supplying it to the Mornington Peninsula Library. They have four copies of the book and both copies at Rosebud are designated NOT FOR LOAN. It's not much good telling family historians that information is in a certain book if they can't borrow it! I had an appointment at Mornington so I got a copy there (for two days.)

Therefore, I rang Mary to ask if her books are available to be bought (which they are, from the Balnarring and Hastings Historical Societies) and to find the actual name of John and Georgina's daughter Zing ; it was Florence Mary. Having found these answers, I prepared to start the journal by pinpointing the location of "Newstead". The book stated that it was crown allotment 35A Balnarring, which I found on an almost illegible map I printed long ago from the internet; it's so bad I couldn't even read the grantee's name.

I rang Mary again and her description of Newstead's location was much further north, and referring to a clear map of part of the parish near Red Hill, I discovered that Newstead was actually crown allotments 55 A and B, Balnarring. Mary said that the homestead was north of (the present) Kentucky Rd and accessed from Merricks Rd along a driveway about 100 metres long. John Oswin had selected both blocks at about the same time.

Newstead fronted the Dromana-Bittern Rd from the bend in Melway 161 K 11 running eastwards about 1063 metres to Merricks Rd. From the corner, the frontage ran south for 1072 metres almost halfway to Stanleys Rd. Each allotment consisted of 139 acres 2 roods and 3 perches, the eastern half (55B) being granted on 25-8-1872 and 55A on 4-8-1874.

The information below comes from Mary Karney's "The Golden Plains Tubbarubbarel". Much more information about the Oswins is available in her transcriptions of Georgina Oswin's diaries and "No Rugged Landscape".

John Oswin, pictured on page 22, selected his first block in the parish of Balnarring in 1865. (As his homestead was on 55B, we can assume that this was it; certainly not 35A, which my clear map shows was granted to J.Caldwell.) Later, like most of the selectors, he took up other blocks scattered over both Balnarring and Bittern parishes.

John married Georgina Mills in 1871 and they had eight children, seven of whom survived. (Mary told me that Arthur died at, or soon after, birth.) Six of the surviving children are pictured with John and Georgina on page 24, namely Bill, Zing (Florence Mary), Dick, Olive (Mary Karney's mother), Sue and Ethel. Missing from the photo was Fanny who married William Lamble, blacksmith of Bittern and is pictured with husband and son on page 23. ( The 1899-1900 ratebook shows that John Lamble Snr had 100 acres and buildings in (the parish of) Bittern. Georgina's diary extracts discuss Ernie (said to be John and Georgina's son) and Willie Mairs spending much time at the Tubbarubba diggings in 1893. If Ernie was another son, that makes eight children who survived.


Georgina gave birth to a son at her father's place, Kingston in Brighton. (P.4, Argus, 9-7-1873.)
Georgina died on 1-6-1908 at "Newstead" aged 58.(P.1, Argus, 3-7-1908.)
Had John Oswin been a hero in the floods near Kew in 1863? (P.5, Argus, 21-12-1863.)I suspect that he was and that Fanny's marriage was not the first connection between the Oswin and Lamble families. (P.8, Argus, 8-6-1859.)
"Newstead" seems to have been sold to Mr Hunt of Melbourne in 1910 following John Oswin's death. (P.8, Argus, 5-8-1910.)

John Oswin and his son, William were both Flinders and Kangerong Shire councillors.

PATTERSON James and Sarah 1852.
In 1851, Henry Dunn's five year lease of Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach area east to Bulldog Creek Rd) came to an end and many families who pioneered the peninsula leased small farms. On page 27 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA is a map showing the names and locations of these Survey pioneers. Colin McLear shows four families living on the north bank of Dunns Creek west of the Nepean Highway. They were Peatey, Paterson, Clydesdale and Griffith. Peatey and Paterson would have been near the north east corner of Melway 160 F4.

You might say that this name has only one T, but that is exactly how the name of James Patterson(pioneer of Fingal) was written on the shipping list when he came to Australia, according to Peter Wilson in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. James visited the Goldfields and his wife died there according to Peter and LIME LAND LEISURE, and Peter implies that James did not come to the Peninsula until about 1871; Charles Hollinshed does mention that the James Pattersons came to Victoria in 1852 and settled at Fingal in 1855 .

You would think that Colin McLear would have written something about James Patterson since he settled diagonally across Dunns Creek from Mary Ann McLear's "The Willow". That he uttered not one word shows that the family folklore had Paterson living nearby but did not stay there long . The parish of Fingal is south of Limestone Rd and extends west as far as Bass Meadows Bvd near St Andrews Beach. Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD has a chapter called The Petition from Tootgarook and Point Nepean 1859.

James Sandle Ford ( of Portsea which he named) and Peter Purves (of Tootgarook Run) had tricked their neighbours into signing a petition opposing the Government's plan to build a fence from White Cliff to the back beach to enclose the police paddock from that line to The Heads. Ford and Purves had about 800 bullocks enjoying free grazing in that area. James Patterson was a limeburner and he told Senior Constable O'Shannassy that he had signed the petition at the request of Ford and Purves, had not understood it fully, now realised that not having the fence would disadvantage him, and wished to have his name withdrawn.

The 1864 rates show that James Patterson, limeburner, had a lime station (nett annual value 25 pounds) in the Wannaeue Division (possibly just north of Limestone Rd. The assessments of 5-9-1865 show that he had a two roomed house in the parish of Wannaeue. In 1865 there was also another Patterson, Walter Patterson, who was assessed on 50 acres and a 2 roomed house; he was not known to be related to James and lived near Wallaces Rd (which used to be known as Pattersons Lane.)

There is a fair likelihood that the Survey pioneer, the limeburner and the Fingal farmer were one and the same. There is also a fair chance that the limeburner knew Edward Russell and the Cairns families well because of their involvement in the same industry; the Fingal Pattersons, the Russells and the Cairns had multiple marital connections. Another pioneer engaged in limeburning was Ben Stenniken; Ralph Patterson, who returned to the old "Paterson" stomping ground (the Survey) married Rachel Stenniken. His younger brother William, who became a west riding councillor, married a girl from one Cairns family, and after her death a girl from another Cairns family.

The Patterson family of Fingal later had a connection just north of where Paterson had settled on the Survey. In 1910, Ralph Godfrey Patterson was assessed on 287 acres, lots 18, 19 Clarke's. This land (actually 286 acres 3 roods and 11 perches) fronted the east side of the highway and the north side of Wallaces Rd (to the bend in Melway 161 B3)with a short northern boundary in 151 C12 north of Upsndown Rd.
See THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO re details of James Patterson's place of origin, emigration, and family connections.

There is a photo of Bill Patterson (in Dromana's premiership football team of 1931) on page 164 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. To be a descendant of James and Sarah Patterson, Bill would have had to be about 42 years old. James Patterson's son, William, married twice, the second time to Ruby, a daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.They had one child, William, born in 1889. Why was he playing with Dromana? He might have been working on Ralph Godfrey Patterson's farm on the north side of Patterson's Lane (Wallaces Rd) and playing for Dromana (or Mornington) for years. W.Patterson kicked six goals for Mornington in 1921. R.Patterson (Ralph?) transferred from Mornington to Dromana (P.4,Frankston and Somerville Standard, 24-5-1929) and perhaps star forward Bill did the Simon Goosey transfer not much later. Rosebud played their first season in 1929.



PEATEY George and Susan 1858.
Rosalind Peatey's PINE TREES AND BOX THORNS is in the local history room at Rosebud Library and is not available for loan. I have not yet written a full Peatey history but to save my left index finger, I will paste some of Rosalind's information that I have used elsewhere.

George Peatey's father, Edward was born at Cerne Abbas, 15 miles from Long Burton, in 1799. (I presume these are in the western half of Dorset where the name Peatey is almost as common as Smith.) He married Charlotte (nee Lane). Their children and christening dates were Maria 15-6-1830, George 19-2-1832, Robert 1834, Maria Elizabeth 17-6-1837 and Richard 1840.

George, who was the only member of his family to come to Australia, was 7 ft 1 inch (nearly 215 cm)and was a member of the Queen's Own regiment. He and his wife, Susan, left London on 31-7-1855 on the Royal George and arrived on 27-11-1855. By the end of the year, their son, Edward Norman had been born at Tarraville, Gippsland. By April 1857, they were in Melbourne where John Henry was born.

By 1858, George and Susan were on the Survey. (See Patterson re location.) George Peatey most likely engaged in subsistence farming (a cow, a vegetable garden, fruit trees, some chooks etc) but like most of the men in the area at that time, he would have been mainly supplying timber for piers around the bay. Susan found time to be a midwife for many children born on the Survey and nearby:Emma Clydesdale 17-4-1864; David Morgan 13-4-1864; David Peter Thompson 9-6-1864; Margaret Watson 3-2-1867; William Alexander Gibson 8-5-1868; George Watson 27-10-1869; Rose Ann Bucher 8-9-1867.(Details of parents available if requested.)

All the Peatey children learnt to read and write at the private school on the survey (see A Dreamtime of Dromana.)Alfred William Peatey was born in 1871 not long before George and Susan settled on the Dunns Rd land. He went to the Dromana school and later drove the passenger coach between Mornington and Melbourne (a thrice weekly service.

In July 1876 George bought 51 acres on the north east corner of Dunns Creek and Harrisons Rds, adding another 50 acres adjoining on the east in 1881. The southern boundary is indicated by the creek crossing in Harrisons Rd. George planted 7 acres of oats and potatoes but this did not supply a living and his occupation see-sawed between farmer and sawyer. Because of the water draining down from the slopes of Arthurs Seat, the land was too wet for farming.

Extract from EARLY ROSEBUD.
In 1878 George and Susan Peatey apparently purchased a 2 acre block at the corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St. This dating is based on Rosalind Peateys statement that they took 10 years to repay Nelson Rudducks loan and gained title on 9-2-1888. They grew onions and potatoes from 1888 on this block, which is shown as Don Millers Caravan Park on the plan. George died in 1904 at 73 but Susan and her son, Alf, continued to farm on the 2 acre block. The cottage was destroyed by fire in 1912.
In 1894, their son, Jack and his wife, Mary, moved onto lot 5 in the foreshore village. This was on the east side of Peateys Creek, which is now an underground drain. However, anyone who drove in the area in August and the first half of September, 2010 will know exactly where Peateys Creek is now. That is where they had to divert into one lane amidst a sea of witches hats. The Peateys started Rosebuds first produce supply (dairy, poultry etc.)
Rosalind Peateys father, who received the Grant for the 200 acres across Elizabeth Dr. from the Rosebud Golf Club, lived in Mitch Laccos Pier Cottage (proposed apartment/caf site) and fished with a huge coutta boat, which was used for many rescues in foul weather.

Extract from DRAMA (Dromana, Rosebud and Miles Around) ON TROVE.
Jack Peatey had become almost an invalid and needed a walking stick, carved for him by Fred Vine, a longtime Rosebud fisherman. His wife Mary supported the family by selling poultry, milk and other produce from Seaside, their house on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray Anderson Rd) where it entered the bay. Jack played music for the Rosebud dances in the Mechanics Institute in the first two decades of the 1900s, with Rosie Bucher on the piano and a fiddler (most likely Joe Peters from the Cape Verde Islands, who was known as the Black Fiddler.)
Jacks health improved and he used to take out fishing parties with Edward Campbell and his son Keith being regulars. The Campbells owned Willowbank and Springbank, north of Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) and had the block on the east side of the jetty access road.
Whether during his ill-health or later is not made clear in my notes, but Jacks eyes turned. Mr Wong cured this affliction, probably using a centuries old Chinese remedy. He made a mask with slits where the eyes should focus. (Pine Trees and Box Thorns Rosalind Peatey.) P.S. I have been told since by Jim Dryden that this story was a bit of leg-pulling by doctor and patient.



RUDDUCK Nelson and Jane Sophia (nee Chapman) 1872.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. In this book are photos of Nelson's Jetty Store on the Dromana Hub site on page 61, Nelson and Jack on page 63, Jane Sophia and Nelson on page 64, Harry and Ern on page 135, Piawola on page 136, Nelson aged 81 on page 160.


SHAND Alexander and Charlotte 1872.
I have sent an email, providing my information about the Shands of Main Ridge and Welshpool, to Kathy Shand who is a descendant of Alexander Shand 3 of Welshpool. She posted the following about the Main Ridge pioneers on a genealogy message board.

Hi Jennifer (Jennifer's Shands were near Geelong)
It's nice to here from a fellow Australian Shand.
I'm not sure where my branch fits in, but what we have at the moment is as follows:
My great great grandfather (Alexander Shand) was born in Moray Scotland we think in 1825 and died in 1907*1 in Victoria. He immigrated from Scotland to Canada with a couple of brothers or cousins and ended up in Saskatchewan. There he married a Charlotte Elizebeth? Macklin around 1853.
From shipping records we think they immigrated to Victoria in 1853 with two daughters Charlotte and Ellen.
According to a copy of a New Zealand birth certificate, they must have immigrated to NZ, because my great grandfather was born in Mangapai NZ on the 22.6.1868. This is the only real piece of information I have.
My great grandfather (also Alexander) married an Isabel Mary Landlands on the 5 September 1899 in Hawthorn, Vic.*2
My grandfather (George Boyd Shand) was born on the 27 November 1905 at Welshpool Vic.*3
I'm wondering if you might have some information you would be will to share on the family from Scotland. This is where we are having problems. There seems to be plenty of Alexanders but not one that married a Macklin.

Thank you
Kathie Shand, Australia.

Kathy is certainly talking about our Shands as the following shows.
*1. Shire of Flinders and Kangerong. SATURDAY, JULY 27th, 1907. The usual monthly meeting of above was held at the Dromana Hotel, on Saturday last, the Councillors present being Shand (President), Shaw, Nowlan, Buckley, Davies, Stanley, Marsden, Cain and Clark.
BEREAVEMENTS. Cr. Stanley, before proceeding with further business, referred to the loss sustained by the President through the death of his father. He would move that a letter of sympathy be forwarded to the widow and family of the late Mr. Alexander Shand, Carried. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 10-8-1907.)

*2.Young Alexander lived to tie the knot. SHANDLANGLANDS.On the 5th September, at the Parsonage, Camberwell, by the Rev. R. Detterich (sic), brother-in-law of the bridegroom,Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Shand, of Dromana, to Isabel Mary, youngest daughter of G. B. Langlands, "Wilton," Welshpool, South
Gippsland. (P.1, Argus, 27-11-1899.)

*3. Alexander moved to Port Welshpool but within four months his sheep were being stolen. (P.3, Argus, 9-3-1900, FOSTER.)




Shands Rd, the boundary between the parish of Flinders and Wannaeue/Balnarring to the north, recalls this pioneering family. Keith Holmes told me that Alex Shand had his steam saw mill on Main Creek because it was the only one with a constant supply of water and that Roberts Rd follows the track formed when timber was being hauled to Red Hill.


John Shand married the widow of John Huntley Jnr in about 1902 according to Bill Huntley. John farmed the Huntleys' Hillside Orchard where Red Hill Rd turns to the north and later farmed Kent Orchard on Kentucky Rd and Kentucky in Bittern North. See the HUNTLEY entry in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal.

Bill Huntley also told me that most of the Shands moved to Gippsland in about 1920. ASK BILL FOR DETAILS.

WEDDING AT MAIN CREEK. Weddings are as a general rule interesting subjects, either to write or talk about, and the one at Main Creek on the 5th inst., was no exception to the rule. On that date, Miss Christiania Shand, (youngest daughter of Alexander and Charlotte Shand) of Main creek, was united in wedlock to Richard, (youngest son of Richard and Eliza Ditterich of Canterbury. The ceremony took place at noon, and was performed by the Rev R. Brown, of South Melbourne, assisted by the Rev E. Smith of Dromana. The marriage took place in a very picturesque part of the garden, underneath an arch of evergreens, nicely interwoven with flowers. The bride who was given away by her father, was most becomingly dressed in a cream fancy cashmere, trimmed with lace, white tulle veil, and wreath of orange blossoms. Mr J. Shand acted as best man, principal bridesmaid, Miss Ditterich dressed in white dress and blue sash. Miss A.Gunson in white dress and blue sash ; Miss A. Crichton white dress and pink ribbons ; Miss E. Barker, white dress and cream sash. At one o'clock about 50 guests sat down to the wedding breakfast. The tables fairly groaning beneath the weight of good things, which were provided. After the usual toasts had been proposed and responded to, and the Revs Brown and Smith had each made a short speech, the party adjourned to the lawn where the bride and bridegroom had their photographs taken by Mr Wright, of Flinders. Shortly after this the carriage was announced, which was to convey the newly wedded pair and a few of the friends to the railway station, and amid a shower of good wishes and rice the party drove off for Mornington. They will shortly proceed to St Arnaud, in which circuit Mr Ditterich is engaged. During the afternoon games were freely indulged in by the guests. The party breaking up shortly before 6 p.m., owing to the inclemency of the weather. Everybody thoroughly enjoying themselves. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-4-1892.)

They or their descendants obviously came back to Main Ridge. The Main Ridge Cricket Club, whose President, Jason Albress, is a descendant of a Rye pioneer, plays on the A.R. and F.Ditterich Reserve. Arthur Ralph Ditterich was a Flinders Shire councillor 1961-4. The Shand family was probably related to the Downward family of Mornington, Tubbarubba and Kangerong; Downward Shand 1915-17 and John Shand 1902-7 and 1916-23 were also councillors of the shire.

The scene of the above wedding may have been 19B Wanaaeue of 105 acres 2 roods and 13 perches, situated at Melway 171 K12, and granted to Alexander Shand on 4-10-1882. In 1879 he was assessed on 100 acres but that was probably an estimate of the size of his selection.It was bounded on the north west by Old Main Creek Rd, on the north east by Shands Rd, and on the east by Main Creek. In 1903-4, John and W.Shand added 210 acres bounded by Main Ck Rd and Roberts Rd on yhe other side of Shands Rd and A.Shand Jnr 21A of 142 acres fronting the Mornington-Flinders Rd from the Roberts Rd corner to a point opposite the Tucks Rd corner (actually 162 metres south of the present corner.) In 1900, John Shand was assessed on 428 acres in Wannaeue and Fingal.


SHAW Benjamin and Elizabeth 1875.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.There is a photo of the family's Kangerong guest house on page 49, Shaw's bus on page 53, A.V.Shaw on page 88,and Maurie Shaw on page 171.


SIMPSON Joseph and Maryann 1873.
We have a problem Houston! There is not one mention of James and Maryann in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. LIME LAND LEISURE mentions only Rosemary Simpson who was a Flinders Shire Councillor from 1978.
I knew I'd seen the name somewhere! Join me in my voyage of discovery.Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL shows that Mr and Mrs Simpson attended Joseph McIlroy's marriage in 1877 and that one of the Simpsons was a member of the rifle club circa 1900.

I unrolled my Balnarring parish map and found that my hunch was right. When I first saw the name, I presumed it to be James Simpson, a prominent man in early Melbourne. He was the chairman of the District Licensing Court in 1849, a member, with William Lonsdale,four senior religious leaders and six other prominent officials and citizens, of a board of guardians to look after the interests of a large number of Irish orphans in 1848, with the Mayor was a joint chairman of the city and district court of petty sessions, the police magistrate for Melbourne in 1840 and was a director of almost every company that wanted prestige.

I therefore suspected that the purchase at Red Hill was speculation such as that of Andrew Russell of Essendon on the east side of Collins Rd, Dromana, or that of Thomas Monahan (on the next block east)and in Rye Township.

J.Simpson was granted crown allotment 89A of the parish of Balnarring on 8-3-1884. On a hunch that if J.Simpson was a pioneer of the area rather than a speculator, there might be descendants near Red Hill, I hit the local phone book. When I was about halfway through the 111 Simpsons listed my heart jumped. J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth. I looked up Simpson St and it was on 89A Balnarring! Bayne St nearby was named after a pioneer so Simpson St almost certainly was too.

I rang the number but my mobile said number not in use. As Homer Simpson (no relation I'm sure!) would say "Doh!" If this investigation had been in August, 2010, when I started my Peninsula research, that would have been the end of the line. However, I now have a list of contacts longer than your arm, including Keith Holmes. I explained my problem and he told me that J.R. was indeed a descendant of Joseph and Maryann but had died in about 2007. (I must get a new phone book!) Keith told me that JR's daughter, Margaret, lived next door to J.R. and had married Trevor Connell. (Connell is a name that has graced the Survey, the parish of Moorooduc and Red Hill during the past century and a half.)

J.Simpson's grant, 89A of 142 acres 1 rood and 21 perches was at the south corner of Shoreham and Point Leo Rds, with a frontage on the latter of 1170 metres. Baynes St, the original course of the start of Shoreham Rd until 1921, and Shoreham Rd formed the western boundary and Pine Ave the south. Between Pine Ave and Oceanview Ave was W.Bayne's grant 89B, also of 142.1.21. Almost 50 acres, right at the north west corner of 89A was granted to A.C.B.Noel on 16-1-1932, obviously having been resumed by the Crown under the Closer Settlement Act.

DROMANA. A very old resident named Mr Simpson died here last week. He was a colonist of over forty years and resided at Dromana for most of the time, much respected by the townspeople. (P.2, South Bourke and Mornington Journal, 2-1-1907.) This was Joseph Simpson who died on 23-12-1906.

An obituary for Joseph McIlroy shows that T.Simpson and F.Simpson were his nephews. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 18-1-1935.) That is, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph-see below.

RED HILL. On Friday last the first meeting of the Red Hill Literary and Social Club was held in the school. The meeting exceeded expectations, and the interest was well maintained, considering there was no set programme. The members were well satisfied. Papers were read by Mr W. Simpson, on "'Neighbourliness and by Mr E. Bowring, on " How to make our club a success," Miss Wiseman contributed a reading. (Part of a report on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 18-7-1903.) N.B. Mr W.Simpson was the teacher at the Red Hill school and he was a descendant of Joseph and Maryann.(P.2, M.S., 14-5-1904.)

DROMANA. (From Our Own Correspondent.)The.anniversary services of the Presbyterian Church were held last Sunday week by the Rev D. G. M'Crea. of Elsternwick. On the following Tuesday a very successful tea meeting was held. The tea meeting was followed by a concert. Mr Simpson, of Red Hill,made his debut in Dromana with 'The Englishman', and was well received. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1900, snippets only.)
That was not Mr Simpson's last performance in Dromana; he sang in the concert to welcome Trooper McKeown home in 1902. (P.2, M.S. 10-5-1902.) This could have been the teacher who was not a member of Joseph's family.

FLINDERS. DROMANA V FLINDERS. These clubs had a field day on Saturday when Dromana visited Flinders for a tennis match. Mr Rogers (who has not recovered from an attack of influenza) though present,did not play,and the visitors were further weakened by the absence of Mr E. Rudduck. The majority of the sets were won easily, but some provided exciting finishes, notably the last of the day. which was anybody's game till the deciding point was gained, when Miss Sproule and Mr Riley beat Miss Rudduck and Mr Simpson 6-5. Dromana have a decided acquisition in Simpson. Flinders won by 13 games. (P.2, M.S., 18-10-1900.)
Ah, 'twas-
Gibson Simpson son of the Jetty Store
Archly made a noble team to pile up any score.
These two lines from an amusing poem about the Dromana tennis club suggest that one of the Gibson family and the son of the operator of the Jetty Store (Simpson) made a formidable duo. (P.3, M.S., 4-7-1901.)
The duo was even more powerful when Simpson paired with Rogers (either Hunter Rogers, the early peninsula historian or his father, the schoolteacher at Dromana.)P.2, M.S., 27-6-1901.
The tennis player was probably also the Red Hill teacher.

As mentioned previously, Sheila Skidmore listed Simpson as a member of the rifle club. Red Hill beat Hastings, whose members were from the battery, with W.McIlroy 50, Joseph McIlroy, David Mairs and Simpson on 49.
(P.3, M.S., 18-10-1900.)

W.S.Simpson was one of the two auditors of the Kangerong Agricultural and Horticultural Society in 1905. (P.6, M.S.,11-2-1905.) N.B. There were Simpsons at Somerville at this time!
(W.S. Simpson could have been a son of Thomas John Simpson, but not of Frederick Joseph. He was possibly the Red Hill teacher, W.Simpson.)

Not only did A.Simpson of Red Hill top E form at Frankston High School in History and Drawing- he is the first Simpson I've seen for two hours with an initial and a definite connection with Red Hill! (P.7, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 17-9-1926.) He was also a keen family historian.

Aha! As explained before, I only did extensive rate transcriptions for Kangerong and Wannaeue parishes. However for my Red Hill research, I transcribed 1919-20 Balnarring assessments near Red Hill Rd, meaning to do crown allotment 89 but forgetting to do so; it looks like another date with the microfiche on Monday. However, I did record that Thomas John Simpson had 20 acres and building, lot 8, 75 A and B. This did not mean that his 20 acre block was on both A and B, but that the entire subdivision was. The interesting thing is that 75AB was directly over Shoreham Rd from 89A. I wouldn't be surprised to find that the 20 acre block was between Baynes St and the new course of Shoreham Rd.

SIMPSON.On the 8th January, at Red Hill,
Dorothy Ellen, daughter of Fred and Emily Simpson, aged 11 months.(P.1, Argus, 11-1-1910.) See below.

SIMPSON-MILLER -On the 21th October at St John's Church of England, Flinders, by Rev Edwin Eldridge, George Frederick eldest son of Mr and Mr F. Simpson, Seaview, Red Hill, to Lorna Evelyn, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs John Miller, Kilara, Flinders. (Present address, Red Hill South, Vic. ) P.17, Argus, 8-12-1934.
The word was illegible on the newspaper page but information from Albert Simpson's book reveals that the word must be "eldest".

SIMPSON, RED HILL SOUTH.(P.10, The Argus, 9-7-1956.)
SIMPSON.-On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved wife of George, and devoted mother of Robert and Shirley, aged 53 years. -Patient sufferer at rest.

SIMPSON_On July 7, at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Ann and Jack Holmes, loved auntie of Keith, Alan. Kevin, and Norma. -Loved by all.

SIMPSON_On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved daughter-in-law of Emily and the late Frederick Simpson.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South. Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Joe Russell Simpsonand Elma beloved auntie of Margaret and Russell. -Peace, perfect peace.

SIMPSON.-On July 7. at Red Hill South, Lorna Evelyn, dearly loved sister-in-law of Albert Edwin Simpson and Melva, loved auntie of Ellen, Andrea, David, and John.

SIMPSON. - On July 7. at Red Hill. Lorna, loved sister and sister in-law of Ted and Elsie Miller, loved aunt of John. Meril (deceased). Ken, and Ian.
Second given names and surnames in bold type have been added by me.

SILLY ME! Why didn't I think to look in the obvious place first? That is the article AROUND RED HILL on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902.
Simpsons. 20 acres of orchard and 12 acres under crop. 7-8 acres of strawberries. Very neat. (My notes verbatim.)

NOW, WHAT CAN MARGARET CONNELL TELL US? Quite a lot actually, about the Simpsons, Holmes, Littlejohns, Connells etc. Every five minutes she'd emerge with another book such as Sheila Skidmore's NO RUGGED LANDSCAPE.

Luckily, her uncle, Albert Edwin Simpson,a schoolteacher, had written a family history entitled SIMPSONS OF "SEAVIEW" RED HILL. While teaching at the Omeo Valley school, Albert met Elva, the South Australian girl he was to marry, when she visited her sister. He rose to a prominent position in the South Australian education system.

William McIlroy , a farmer and flax merchant of Littlebridge , County Londonderry, Ireland, sold his property in 1859 and emigrated in 1860. My journal about Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL tells of how Joseph twice raised the money to bring his family out and also explains why Joseph's eldest son, William John, called his McIlroys Rd farm LITTLEBRIDGE. On 13-9-1861, Margaret Jane and the six McIlroy children sailed from Liverpool in the Donald McKay , arriving on 7-12-1861.

Robert and Margaret Simpson, also had a farm and flax mill in County Tyrone. (The boundary between the two counties is obviously a stream which ran the flax mill as the McIlroy and Simpson farms were two miles apart, as they later were at Red Hill.) Two of their sons, Thomas James and Joseph were born in Kingsmill, Joseph on 26-11-1837. During the gold rush to New Zealand in about 1868 they migrated there. After a while Joseph went to Melbourne and contacted the McIlroys who had been close neighbours in Ireland. On 8-10-1870, he married Mary Ann McIlroy, who was born in 1849, at the Presbyterian church in Richmond.

Joseph Simpson and his bride went to New Zealand and mining with Thomas James was resumed. Their only two children, Thomas John and Frederick Joseph were born at Hokatika on the South Island on 8-7-1871 and 5-10-1872 respectively. Soon after the latter birth, the family went to Red Hill and settled on Crown Allotment 89A Balnarring whose boundaries were exactly as I had specified, according to Margaret. Joseph named his property Bayview, his homestead being on the 50 acres later re-granted to Noel in 1922. The farm was later divided into two and the southern part was called Seaview. Bayview was probably not named until Joseph had done quite a bit of clearing because not even a glimpse of the sea was available at first. (As I drove home from Margaret's place I stopped at the Red Hill Reserve to soak up a bit of sun; Red Hill is still a very shady place!)

On 6-4-1891, Fred started work at Blakeley's, part of which 140 acres is now occupied by the Consolidated School. Henry Ault's 140 acre block (Joseph Pitcher's grant, Melway 190 E-F5) was south of Blakeley's and had been bought by George Hoskins whose nephew, George William Russ was working with him. Fred's father, Joseph, did a fruit and vegetable run, which included Ellerslie, the beachside retreat of Sargood, whose main residence was the famed Rippon Lea* at Elsternwick. On occassions, Fred would do this delivery run. And who should be a servant at Ellerslie but Emily Russ, who was highly regarded by Mrs Sargood, who supplied Fred's future wife with a glowing reference. Fred met his brother in law (as they worked on 72A and 72B) before he met his bride.) I bet Emily knew all about Fred before he arrived at Ellerslie!

(* Frederick James Sargood, Esq. of Croydon, co. Surrey, England, who was one of the members for Melbourne in the old Legislative Council, and in 1856, at the first election under the new constitution, was elected a member of the Legislative Assemblyfor St. Kilda; m. 30th October, 1830, Emma,daughter of Thomas Rippon, Esq. (who was for several years chief cashier in the Bank of England), the brother of Dr. John Rippon,and son of the Rev. John Rippon, Baptist minister of Up-Ottery, co. Devon, &ndd. 16th January, 1871. He had issue by her (who d.20th October, 1884)- Can you see how Rippon Lea got its name? His son Frederick Thomas would have been at Ellerslie.
Residences Rippon Lea, East St. Kilda,Melbourne ; and Ellerslie, Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
From ebook of Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the colonial gentry.)

Frederick Joseph Simpson married Emily Russ (b.19-10-1872 in Bristol) on 7-11-1900 at Brighton. Their children were Annie Lucilla b.28-8-1901, George Frederick b.28-11-1902, Joseph Russell b.8-9-1905, Dorothy Ellen b.6-2-1909 d. 15-6-1910, Albert Edwin 15-6-1911.

Annie married John Henry (Jack) HOLMES (b. 4-8-1901) on 27-9-1921. Their children were Nancy, Allen, Kevin, Norma and of course Keith Desmond who became a councillor. George Frederick married Lorna Miller (b.18-11-1903), whose marriage and death notices are shown above. Joseph Russell married Elma Lucy Jean Bonnie (b.1913) of Brunswick. The Littlejohn brothers had come to Red Hill from Brunswick, William marrying Elma's auntie, Kate. When Elma was holidaying at her uncle and auntie's place (lot 9 of Clarke's estate, detailed under Littlejohn in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal), she met Joseph. Joseph and Elma's children were Margaret Ann (my informant) and Russell Francis. The J.R.Simpson, Simpson St, Red Hill Sth I had found in my old local phone book was of course Joseph Russell Simpson.
See Dorothy's death notice and details of Albert's teaching career above.

RATE RECORDS. The rate collectors took a while to recall that a new pioneer had arrived. Joseph Simpson was not mentioned in the Flinders Road Board assessment of 14-6-1873. It would therefore be logical to assume that he arrived after June 1973, but perhaps he did. He was also not included in the assessment of 13-6-1874; the assessment was amended at the end to include some forgotten ratepayers, the third of whom was:
Simpson, the Crown, 142 acres, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

The Flinders and Kangerong Road Boards amalgamated to form the Flinders and Kangerong Shire whose first assessment was signed on 2-10-1875. Being in alphabetical order, not geographical, as the Flinders Road Board's had been, it was no surprise that somebody was forgotten. Not entirely, because "Simpson" was written between assessments 71 and 72 with no other details and, apparently, no rates being paid.

The next year's assessment was presented and signed on 11-12-1876 and guess what. An amendment had to be signed later to include:
1. Joseph Simpson, the crown, 140 acres of land, Balnarring, nett annual value 7 pounds.

He wasn't forgotten again but the 142 acres was called 147 acres in 1877. The nett annual value became 16 pounds by 1890 and despite the depression, grew to 26 pounds by 1899 and 26 pounds by 1909 (when Thomas Simpson was assessed on the 143 acres.) By 26-11-1916, Thomas Simpson had 20 acres and Frederick Simpson 71 acres of 89A. (That's only 91 acres!) T.Reeves of Fitzroy Gardens had 52 acres of Bayview, most likely the north west corner that was resumed and re-granted under the Closer Settlement Act.

So there you have it, the Simpsons of Bayview/Seaview at Red Hill 1873 to 2013 (nearly). I think the family is well and truly entitled to a pioneer pathway plaque, don't you?


SINGLETON William and Christine 1864.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.
Although Colin McLear did not mention William and Christine in A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, he has plenty of information about John Singleton, presumably their son, and his descendants. John was first assessed, on one town lot (hence west of McCulloch St) and a hut in 1865. The 1879 rates described John as a shepherd. Although John did not seem to be prosperous, his family was well regarded, his daughter, married Charlie Dyson who had also arrived in 1864. John's children were Tom, Bill, Toby , James and Mrs Charlie Dyson, the last two remaining in Dromana, James and possibly his descendants living in Verdon St. Martha, who is mentioned below, could have been John's sister or daughter.

James Singleton's daughter Martha (Mrs Gault) might have been named after a sister or aunt, who remained a spinster. Miss Martha Singleton, 71, who was born in Dromana, and lived in the district all her life with the exception of a few years spent at Flinders, died at her residence in Ries? St, Dromana in 1937. (P.4, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 2-4-1937.) Colin mentioned that John had spent a few years at Flinders. Colin's information would have come from an oldtimer's memory rather than genealogical research.

Of John's sons only James remained in Dromana. His grandson, Frank, was an outstanding athlete at school and won the long jump (15 yrs) in 1944 (P.2, Standard, Frankston, 26-10-1944.). Frank's great grandfather John had been an outstanding runner and jockey. Frank's father, Tom, was often named as one of Dromana's best players in footy from the early 1920's.

Tom and Bill ( named after great grandfather William!) seem to have been the only sons of James Singleton to survive while there were five (or perhaps more) daughters. Perhaps one or both of the children who died from diptheria in 1892 were boys. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 30-6-1892.) The family must have suffered further hardship in 1898 (perhaps illness or injury preventing work) as a concert was held for their benefit ((P.2, Brevities, Mornington Standard, 24-2-1898.)

In about 1902 Miss Margaret Singleton of Dromana married heroic Cr William Morton from a Lilydale family, who after returning from Western Australia where he performed the perilous rescue, established an orchard at Baywater. He died while coal mining in 1917. (P.5, Reporter, Box Hill,27-7-1917.) She was probably Maggie, daughter of James. She was certainly the grand daughter of Walter Gibson and that is why her marriage to Willam Morton of Bongardie, W.A. on 3-12-1901 was held at Walter's residence Glenholm. Walter Gibson's wife's name was Margaret and Margaret Eliza Singleton was probably named after her. Was Walter's wife a Singleton or did John Singleton marry Walter's daughter?(P.1 Marriages, Argus, 16-12-1901.)P.S. William obviously established his orchard and became a councillor after the marriage.

Steve 74 is a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells and has posted a journal on family tree circles about the Henderson and Singleton families from which he is also descended. F.T.C. stalwart Janilye has added much information in comments. It appears that John Singleton, as described by Colin McLear was actually William John Singleton who married Christina Mitchell, hence the names on the pioneer pathway plaque. James Singleton's two children who died of diptheria in 1892 were William John 1883-1892 and Isabella 1895-1892.

One of Janilye's comments show that John Singleton (and probably spinster Martha) was at Flinders in 1902. Others tell of Robert Singleton's death at 18, an accidental shooting while brushing a fern with the butt of his shotgun, and James stealing a watch from the drunken George Barnaby (probably the ancestor of an acting moderator of the Presbyterian Church at one time!) James like so many was out of work and hoped to buy a gun with the watch so he could earn a living.

Jim Singleton is shown with John Mclear, Harry Copp and Jonah Griffith on page 103 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. There are also photos of Tom Singleton on pages 135, 161 and 164.

Genealogy does my head in, so I'll leave it to others to unscramble the evidence about the Singletons who seem to have come to Dromana from Lyndhurst. And speaking of Janilye, see my new journal!


WHITE Robert and Mary Hannah 1875.
Robert and Mary Hannah were buried at the Dromana Cemetery. Robert died on 3-5-1941 at the age of 86, and Mary Hannah died on 15-8-57 aged 91.
Robert White owned Crown Allotment 18 Wannaeue from about 1875 having apparently purchased it from Charles Blakey and sold it in about 1891. Not long before 1891 two Robert Whites appeared at Red Hill, Bullocky Bob White on Main Creek Rd near Whites Rd and Blooming Bob White of Main Ridge who had 27 acres, Kangerong, possibly old Red Hill Township land near the corner of White Hill and McIlroys Rds. The Robert White of Rosebud may be a descendant of very early limeburners near Rye and Boneo, but I have not yet found proof of a link.

WILSON Henry William and Thamer (nee Burdett) 1860.
See my journal HENRY WILLIAM WILSON:BULLOCKY TO BUTCHER. In Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA there are photos of Godfrey Burdett Wilson on page 45, Ralph and Ben outside the McCulloch St butcher shop on page 140. and the shop itself on page 46.

WILSON Sarah and family 1855
I suspect that Sarah Wilson was the widow of a brother of Henry William Wilson. Henry and Thamer Wilson gave the name of Sarah to their fourth child and first daughter, born in 1850. Colin McLear stated that Sarah and her sons, Robert and George, were settlers on Jamieson's Special Survey in 1855. As all three signed a petition on 9-3-1861, it can be assumed that the sons had reached the age of 21 by then.

I have spent two fruitless hours trying to find references to the right Sarah Wilson. She would not have been asked to sign a petition unless she was a widow by 1861. A Sarah Wilson, widow of Charles, died at the Moonee Ponds Hotel (later Dean's Hotel and now the Moonee Ponds Tavern at the south corner of Dean St) but as I have not yet found a death notice for Charles, no connection to the Kangerong pioneer can be suggested.

Sarah was not assessed by the Kangerong Road Board(1864, 1865) in the Dromana area so she may have moved or been living with somebody(perhaps Henry and Thamer.) There were several Wilson families in the early days (Mornington, Tuerong etc) so it would be foolish to suggest that George Wilson who had 216 acres in (the parish of) Flinders in 1900 was her son. However it is a possibility that a family historian could follow up. George Wilson Jnr had 96 acres, Flinders and 48 acres, Balnarring. The Balnarring land was occupied in the first Flinders Road Board assessment of 1869 by George Wilson and he could have been there years earlier. Was Sarah living with him? In 1869 George was assessed on 32 acres but by 11-5-1872 he had 48 acres.

This land was crown allotment 66A of the parish of Balnarring, between Stony Creek and Shoreham Rd at roughly Melway 254 H-J 1. This was granted to G.Wilson on 24-2-1882, by which time about 8 acres had been set aside as a gravel reserve.By 1887-8, George Wilson was assessed on 96 acres in Balnarring parish. In 1919, Robert Wilson of Shoreham had 88 acres and buildings and 67 acres and buildings in the parish. Was Robert a son of George or George Junior? It seems possible that at least one of Sarah's sons, George, might have stayed in the area and it is likely that his brother's name was used for one of his descendants. (See Comments.)


WISEMAN James and Christina 1862.
In the February of 1869 and 1870,according to Colin McLear and the Kangerong parish map, James Wiseman purchased his crown grants bounded by Sheehans Rd and Arkwells Lane. Sheila Skidmore said that he purchased land in 1862 but this was probably when he selected it.
Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA gave much genealogical information about James and Christina who both died in their nineties. It is interesting that one of their sons had the second given name of Bain.George Chapman of Seawinds married a Bain girl so there may have been a link between the Wisemans and Chapmans, just as there was one between the McKeowns and William Hillis. The Wisemans were devote Presbyterians who attended church in Dromana.

I intend doing an extensive Wiseman entry in the Dictionary History of Red Hill journal, so here I will just quote some information from those who know.

Thelma Littlejohn: Sheehans Rd was the original south end of White Hill Rd and when a deviation was made (the present south end) through James Wiseman's land, it was known to all as Wiseman's Deviation.

Sheila Skidmore (The Red Hill): Non-vested school 77 was built on James Wiseman's land in the mid 1860's on the west side of Arkwells Lane where it met White Hill Rd; this proves that James was living on the land before he bought it. When it was to become a state school, James informed the Education Department in November 1873 that he would lease it for a nominal amount as long as meetings could still be held there.When the new school opened in 1920 James was paid the 10 years rent still owed.Sheila has even more extensive genealogical information, and guess what; James married Christina Bain.

Hec Hanson (Memoirs of a Larrikin.): Only about 50 yards from the old Red Hill school site, was Wiseman's property. I loved to watch Mr Wiseman in his blacksmith shop. He was a fine gentleman, with grey-white whiskers that were about a foot long. I enjoyed watching him work the bellows and anvil.He had a big hammer that he worked with his feet.It would come crashing down on the anvil when he was welding. I believe Mr Wiseman built an iron pushbike that is supposedly in the Melbourne Museum. One of his daughters, Jean Wiseman, sold apples for a ha'penny each; they were big Northern Sky apples, beautiful to eat when fresh. (AROUND RED HILL in the Mornington Standard of 30-8-1902 mentioned that a small portion of the Wiseman land was devoted to fruit growing.)

6 comment(s), latest 1 year, 2 months ago

WAS CHARLES DANIEL OF "NARBONNE", SHIRE OF BULLA, AT RED HILL TOO? (VIC., AUST.)

Charles Daniel of "Narbonne" in Oakland Rd (Melway 177 K 4) and his descendants are described in detail in I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla", D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oakland Hunt" and "The Daniel Family". One of the Madden girls from the Inverness Hotel at Oaklands Junction married one of his sons and two of his descendants were Shire Secretaries of Bulla Shire.

Charles Daniel was leasing 60 acres from B.Ringrose (18B Kangerong, roughly Melway 190 K 1) in 1879. Was this the Frenchman from "Narbonne" or a son of his? It would seem ridiculous to have farms so far apart but there have been so many historical connections between the area near Tullamarine and the Mornington Peninsula that it is reasonable to pose the question. The Orrs of Kia Ora (Melway 5 J5) and Tommy Loft of Dalkeith (Melway 15 H2) both farmed (1917, 1920) the same 323 acres that is now the residential area of the St Andrews Golf Course (crown allotments 28 and 29, section A, Wannaeue) at Melway 252 C7.
Percy Hurren, who was the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner, Moorooduc (Melway 146 K6)in 1950 became the last farmer on Dalkeith in 1951.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 10 months ago

DAVID MAIRS OF THE PARISHES OF BLACKWOOD AND BITTERN, VIC., AUST.

David Mairs was granted a total of 1745 acres in the parish of Bittern east of Coolart Rd and between Disney St and the mouth of Bittern Creek. Full details of each allotment can be supplied if requested. There were allotments fronting both sides of Sandy Point Rd, South Beach Rd and a now closed road that can be traced by extending Pearce Rd (Melway 194 B1) to Somers Rd.

By googling David Mairs Bittern, you will find "David MairsP100230169 etc" which gives excellent genealogical detail about his ancestors and his wife's as well as all the children, emigration information and so on. This journal was prompted by information in Sheila Skidmore's THE RED HILL about the formation of a rifle club in Red Hill in 1900. David Mairs and a Huntly (sic, Huntley) were involved. I knew David Mairs had been granted much land near the eastern side of the peninsula from my work on THE FEMALE DROVER and thought it strange that he was involved at Red Hill. As David died in 1902 and had apparently been suffering from paralysis, it must have been his son David Taylor Mairs who was involved. The latter married Louise Huntley in 1902 and they lived on a property called "Campsie" (now Somers.) Now the really strange thing is that Palmer's Point had been suggested for their rifle range. It was probably near Melway 193 A12 where J.Palmer had been granted 420 acres bounded by Merricks Beach Rd and Merricks Ck.(crown allotments 36,37,38 Balnarring.) Note Palmers Hill Rd.

It is likely that Louise Huntley had been on 105 acres (191 E4)whose south west corner is now occupied by Vines of Red Hill. I have just spent half an hour looking for a reference that I clearly remember regarding one detail. The names of the Misses Huntley were given and two of them started with L, one being Lara. The website mentioned above states that one of Louise's sisters was Lora. I believe that D.T.Mairs had suggested Palmer's Point (on the other side of the Coolart Pre-emptive Right from crown allotment 137, which was obviously part of Campsie), for a range and that Louise's brothers (Herbert John and Percy William) had supported his idea.

David Mairs married Sarah Taylor on 10-1-1857 at the age of 35 while farming at North Blackwood. Not far from that location is Ballan where David Taylor Mairs' birth was registered in 1867. While still near Ballan in 1861-2, David had bought a total of 74 acres and 22 perches at Melway 16 C 8-9, being crown allotments 31, 33, 34, 35 and 36 of section 16 in the parish of Doutta Galla. A bit far from his other land it seems! But no! He most likely wanted a holding paddock so his stock could regain condition before going to market in Melbourne. Niel Black from the Western district (Melway 5 H7), John Aitken of Mt Aitken near Sunbury (27 J4) and the Fairbairns of Ballan and Mt Martha(28 C9) had bought land in the locations indicated for that very purpose.

David's Doutta Galla land was bounded on the north by English St, on the west by Treadwell Rd (Nomad Rd) and on the east by Bulla Rd (Wirraway Ave), lots 33-36 extending 510 metres south along the boundary with Henry Stevenson's "Niddrie" from the English St corner. Lot 31 had an additional 200 metre frontage to the south east along Bulla Rd.

David seems to have moved to Balnarring by 1871 and a journal I wrote about the Crightons/Parkers of Keilor mentions that one of these families was leasing the Doutta Galla land from him. He was in Bittern by 1871 as a notice regarding the birth of one of his daughters shows. This brings us to trove.
By 1875, David Mairs had become President of the Shire of Kangerong and Flinders, was a Justice of the Peace sitting on the bench at the Dromana Court. He was also a trustee of the Balnarring and Bittern (Emu Plains) racecourse.

It seemed strange to me that a street or road in the area had not been named after this pioneering family. But there might have been one. Contracts for work on Mair's Road were awarded to locals with such well-known names as Vansuylen, Sawyers and Johnson. The position of the apostrophe suggests that this road was named after Robert Mair of Tyabb but being in the Shire of Flinders, it would have been in Bittern, not Tyabb. Perhaps Mairs' Road was the closed road leading from Disney St to Somers Rd, of which only a small part remains at the north end, named Pearce Rd.

Mr and Mrs W.Mairs lived at "Konda", Bittern according to a notice of the birth of a daughter.
A severe fire in 1893 caused much damage at Ham's "Western Park" and destroyed improved pasture on David Mairs' property.

This is a small selection of the information about David Mairs and his descendants available on trove.

By Googling, MAIRS, HUNTLEY, I came up with the birth dates and places of David and Sarah Mairs' children.Note that the places were where the births, were registered , not the place of residence. Tyabb means Old Tyabb Township, which being a declared township was entitled to a post office and the postmaster would have acted as a registrar of births and deaths. Details re death and parents are also available.

The children of David Mairs and Sarah (nee Taylor) were:
Thomas b.19-3-1858 Ballan; Sarah Jane b.17-7-1859 Ballan; Mary Ann b. 29-3-1861 Ballan, David b.8-1-1863 and died 14-7--1865 Pentland Hills; David Taylor b.1867 Ballan; John Jervis b.1869 Tyabb; Sarah b.1871 Tyabb; William Alexander b.24-2-1876 Tyabb. It seems that it was William Alexander Mairs who lived at "Konda" near Bittern.
David Taylor married Louise Huntley, the third child and daughter of John Huntley and Mary (nee Hope). Mary was born in 1879 in Brighton. Their only child listed on the website was David Huntley Mairs born on New Year's Day 1903. See the HUNTLEY entry in the DICTIONARY HISTORY OF RED HILL journal regarding David Taylor Mairs' hobby becoming his job!

PERHAPS RELEVANT HISTORICAL SOCIETIES AND MORNINGTON PENINSULA SHIRE COULD ENSURE THAT A STREET IN ANY NEW SUBDIVISIONS NEAR BITTERN IS NAMED IN HONOUR OF THIS PIONEERING FAMILY! Cr Graham Pittock has been asked to have a street in any new subdivision near Buttern named after David Mairs, with the full support of Mary Muir (nee Vansuylen) and Shirley Davies of the Hastings and Westernport Historical Society.

BALLAN AND BLACKWOOD.
The above birth records make it plain that David Mairs was involved in the Ballan, Blackwood area,but it was not until I started a journal about Blackwood that I realised just how involved he was. I have been unable so far to determine just when he first won a seat on the Ballan Shire Council. See D.Ryan's letter "GREENDALE" in BLACKWOOD JOTTINGS (1)regarding David Mairs' involvement in (late 1862) in the first election of the Ballan Road Board and how he nominated a Blackwood representative.

EUREKA!
BALLAN. ON a recent visit to our much esteemed friend, Mr. Denis Ryan, J.P., I was favored by the brief but interesting in telligence that the East Riding of Ballan Shire in the first Road Board was represented by Messrs. David Mairs, Denis Ryan, and George Moore. (p. 3, bme, 10-4-1909.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express published many reports of council meetings and the following extract shows his decisive response to ratepayer concerns.

BLACKWOOD RESERVOIR.
Cr Millyard was handed a letter written by Mr Williams who wished to speak to the council about the Blackwood reservoir.(Note, this has not been corrected on trove.)

Mr. Williams being called upon, said-I am acting for the public of Blackwood in this matter. The Chairman: Do I understand you rightly to say that you represent the public of Blackwood at this Council today ? Mr. Williams: Well, perhaps that is saying too much; but I am here to request, on behalf of the public interest of Blackwood, that this Council will interfere between Messrs. Walker and Armstrong obtaining a lease of the Blackwood Reservoir, or permission to cut a race therefrom. Mr. Walker has applied to the Board of Lands and Works for the lease of the race, and he also states that this Council has no power in the matter; whereas I am informed that the Council holds a lease of the reservoir, which is the exclusive property of this Council, I also wish permission to be allowed to peruse that lease. - Should Messrs. Walker and Armstrong attain their object, it will create a private interest detrimental to the public interest of Blackwood.

Councillor Mairs: It is important that this Council should take some steps in the matter, and it is also important that Messrs. Walker and Co. should not be put in possession of the property which they are now applying for. I will move-"That the Secretary write to the Minister of Mines, in reference to the application of Messrs. Walker and Armstrong, of Blackwood, for the right to cut a race in connection with the Blackwood Reservoir, and request that such right be not granted, as this Council is of opinion that the right to construct watercourses in connection with the above reservoir should be vested in this Council alone. And that, to create private interests in connection therewith, would be highly detrimental to the interests of this Council, and to the interests of the people of Blackwood." Councillor Graham would second the motion,
believing that it would serve the best interest of Blackwood. Carried.
(P.3,Bacchus Marsh Express, 25-5-1867.)

The Bacchus Marsh Express will be given as BME from now on.

On Monday evening last a few friends met our late respected neighbour, D. Mairs, Esq., J.P. (who paid a short visit to Myrniong), at Swannell's hotel. The evening was spent pleasantly, the crisis being chiefly the theme of conversation. Mr. Mairs' removal from the district has been a great loss to the Liberal party here.
(P.3, BME, 6-6-1868.)


DAVID MAIRS' GRANTS.
Hamilton with about 930 acres was the biggest purchaser in what I take to be the alienation of Thomas Henry Pyke's Run, but David, with about 812 acres was not far behind. Dr John Harbison, a doctor from Northern Irelandwho grew oranges, was a grantee on section 16 Doutta Galla too, his grant indicated by a street in North Essendon called Orange Grove. He or Charles Shuter may have influenced David's decision to buy land there too. So too might William John Turner (Big)Clarke who would have passed David 's grants on the way to Melbourne from his Special Survey at Sunbury. Clarke,who owned Jamieson's Special Survey (Safety Beach to Bulldog Creek Rd) may also influenced David Mairs' move to the parish of Bittern.

When I obtain a Blackwood parish map, the location of David's grants might be able to be given with some precision.
Purchasers not relevant to David Mairs will be removed later.

GOVERNMENT LAND SALE. Tuesday, 22nd July, 1856
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 23 July 1856 p 5 Article
...these ...ions the whole of the lots were sold ...forty nine Blackwood section ... lot. COUNTRY LOTS. BLACKWOOD, In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings. Upset price, 1 per acre. Lot 5. Eighty ... 919 words
COUNTRY LOTS.

BLACKWOOD,

In the parish of Blackwood, surrounding the

village of Greendale, on road from Ballan to Blackwood diggings.

Upset price, 1 per acre.

Lot 5. Eighty acres threo roods twenty ! perches, 0. H. Lyons and 0. G. Ferrers (84a. per acre), 137 9*. 9d. the lot.

Lot 6. Eighty-eight acres two roods thirty - three porches, 0. II. Lyons and 0. Q. Ferrers (84s. per acre), 160 10* tho lot. >

Lot 7. Ninety-three acres one rood nine perches, Thomas Darcy (59s. per acre), 3

CB. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 8. Ninety-two acres eeven perche, Thomas Darcy (48s. por acre), $1018s. 6d. the

lot.

Lot 12. Sixty one acres two! roods four perches, Thomas Hamilton (61s. por aons), 188 2s. Gd. the lot.

Lot l3. Sixty-one acres thtrty-ve perchs, Thomas Hamilton (77s. per itore), z3518s, lOd.

thelot.

a.ot 14. Eighty-three acres two roods, Thomas Hamilton (57s. por acre), 237 19s. Gi. - the lot.

Lot 15. Two hundred and three acres one rood thirty perches, David Mairs (57s. per acre), 579 1s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 16. Two hundred and forty-six acres three roods eight perches,David Mairs (38s. per acre), 468 18s. 4d. the lot.

Lot 17. Two hundred and twenty-six acres two roods, thirty-two pcichea. Thomas Hamilton (52s. per acre), 559 6)3.4d. the lot.

Lot l8. Ninety-two acres, Thomas Hamil- ton (37s. per acre) 170 4s. the lot.

Lot 19. Sixty-three acres one rood twonty Boven porches. Thomas Hamilton (84s. p,jr ame), 108 4s. 9d. the lot.

Lot 20. Sixty-live acios two roods thirfcy ghtpeichcs, O.K.. Frey(38s. per acre), 103

9s. 6d. the lot.

Lot 21. Eighty-nine acres two roads sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (41B. per acre), 181

JEB. Cd. the lot,

Lot 22, Ninety-six acres, James Quirk (32s. lier acre), 108 12s. the lot.

Lot 23. Seventy - seven acres thlrty-two perches, John Haribison (32s. per acre), 128 10s. 4d. the lot,

Lot 24. Ninety-eight acres ono rood eighteen perches, John lmnner (27s. per at>re), 182 ls.

8d. the lot.

Lot 25. Seveuty-threo acres two roods nino pe ches, Thomas Hamilton (31s. per acre), 114

the lot

Lot 20. Eighty-four acres three roods fifteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (51s. per acre), 16

7s. 3d. tho lot.

Lot 27. One hundred and four acres thirty tno perches, William Jones (28s. per acre),

145 18s. the lot.

Lot 28. Seventy-seven acres thirty-eight puches, Thomas Hamilton (38s. per acre),

127 9s. tho lot.

Lot 29. Forty-five acres eight perches, Wil- liam White (54i. per acre), 76 12s. 7d. the lot.

Lot 30. Forty-two acres ono rood thirty- nine perches, James Struthera (61s.lier aero),

129 12s. 3d. the lot.

Lot 81. Seventy-four acres three roods four pe ches. Peter Inglis (68s. per ucre), 261 i).

Vu. the lot. '

Lot 82. Eighty acres two roods, Oharloa Shutei (100s. per acre), 40210s. the lot.

Lot 83. Ninety-nine acres one rood, sixteen perches, David Mairs (93s. per acre), 461 19s.

6d. the lot.

Lot 84. Forty-six acres two roods thirty - seven perches, David Mairs (68s. per aore), 158 17s. 8d. the lot.

Lot 85. Sixty acres three roods, David Mairs (60s. per acre), 182 5s. the lot.

Lot 86. Sixty acres, Isaac Evans (187s. per acre), 411 tho lot.

Lot 87. Fifty-nine acres thirty percho, Alex. M'Oubbin (82s. per aero), 242 IBs. 4d.

the lot

Lot 88. One hundred and fifty-eight acres three roods one perch, David Mairs (48s. per acre), 381 the lot.

Lot 39. One hundred and thirty-eight acres two roods sixteen perches, Thomas Hamilton (52B. per acre], 860 7s. 2d. the lot.

Lot 40. One hundred and sixty-seven acras one rood thirty-six perches, Thomas Hamil- ton (40s. per acre), 334 19s. the lot.

Lot 41. Ninety-three acres one rood thirty two porches, lobert Lawson (24s. per acre), 112 20 9d. tho lot.

Lot 42. Ono hundred and one acres two peichcs, Bobeit Lawson (25s.per acre); 126 5s,

the lot.

Lot 48. Two hundred and twonfey-sevon cres Bix perohes, Eobort Lawson (40s. pjt acre), 454 Is. 6d. tho lot.

Lot 44. Eighty-seven aores one rood, W. J, T. Chuko (59s. per aero), 257 7s. 9d. the lot

Lot 45. Eighty-seven acreB two roods savon perches, W.J.T. Clarke (72s. per acre), 315

81-. 4d. the lot.

Lot 40. Foity-eight acres two roods twenty eix perches, W. J. T. Clarko (68s. per acie),

166 9a. the lot.

Lot 47. Twelve acres, Bayrnond Vine Ro- bertson (26s. pi r .-.ero), 16 the lot.

Lot 48. Twelve acres, William Morton (22s per aero), 18 4s. the^ot.

Lot 49. Twelve acres, William Jones (253. per acre), 15 the Iotf

Lot 60. Twenty-six acres three roods, S. Palmer (24s. per acre), 32 Hie lot.

Lot 61. Twenty-four acre3 twelve perches, "William Guylor (23s. per ucre), 27 13s. 7d. the lot._


MAIRS. On the 14th inst., of diphtheria, at Pyke's-flat, Pentland Hills, David Mairs, aged two years and six months; also, on the 17th inst., of the same disease, Sarah Jane Mairs, aged six years, the beloved children of David and Sarah Mairs. (P.4, Argus, 25-7-1865.)
Pyke's Flat,(or Vale, considered by a poet as a better term) to the best of my understanding,is, or includes, the site of Pyke's Creek Reservoir.

VERY STRANGE!!!
I wondered if there was a Mairs St in Ballan but when I entered MAIRS ST, BALLAN, up came a picture of David Mairs. Then I came to a page which revealed that David Mairs was living in 35 Roslyn Rd, North Blackwood at the time of their marriage. This page which has a copy of the wedding certificate of David and Sarah can quaintly be quickly located by googling "Mairs,Tyalor".

There is no Roslyn Rd in North Blackwood. It may have been today's Allen Creek Rd. There is also no Roslyn Rd in Greendale or Ballan.

5 comment(s), latest 1 year, 2 months ago