itellya on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
This journal was prompted by an email from a doctor, whom I am helping with his thesis, in which I was asked what Jan Hutchinson had to do with the price of fish.(Another Aussie saying!)In short, Jan is the daughter of Sid Hedger, after whom the Sid Hedger Reserve at Tullamarine was named to honour his community work from the 1960's. Jan later became the Hall Booking Officer for an incredibly long time. When I was researching Tullamarine,with the co-operation of Jan, I found some treasures in the hall's storeroom, including the minutes book mentioned herein, and Major Murphy's copy of the minutes of the 1969 Parliamentary Select Committee on Airport Noise. Assuming they would be lost, I "borrowed" them and gave them to the Hume library system when I left Tullamarine.
Tommy Loft had launched a subdivision on his "Dalkeith" very soon after arriving from Greenvale after 1920. He had soon become involved in the community, convening the meeting in 1924 at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed.A few years later, he was instrumental in getting the Junction Hotel closed down. Tommy was a Methodist, and if I remember the Methodist Church Centenary Booklet (1970) correctly, he was the Superintendent of the Sunday School for a very long time. His argument against the Junction Hotel(on the site of the 711 store in 2011)was the frequency of brawls at weekends when the hoons of Essendon etc would visit the sleepy settlement to get smashed.
Cec and Lilly Green took over the delicensed hotel and Tullamarine Junction became known as Green's Corner. Cars became common and hay growers such as the Mansfields were replaced by pig farmers, who became more common, such as the Heaps (1923 Sunnyside) Ellis (1927 Ecclesfield), Payne (Scone)and Lacey (Post office Lane) families. Residents of Loft's subdivision (Eumerella and Gordon Sts, the latter named after Tommy's grandson) were mainly Tommy's sons in law, Scoones and Exell. Tommy's daughter, Doris Scoones, lightened up the staid Methodists and her Sunday School concerts, featuring dancing and singing (previously Methodist taboos) at the Foresters' Hall in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) were very popular.
By 1943, Leslie King Dawson owned Dalkeith (the residential area of Tullamarine south of Catherine Ave.) Dawson St. is named after him. By 1951, Dawson had been replaced by Percy Hurren (storekeeper and postmaster at Moorooduc- corner of Derrril and Tyabb Rds, in 1950) who attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951. (David Shepherd, Moorooduc, Tullamarine Progress Association minutes book 1937-54).
New ratepayers on Loft's Subdivision by 1956 included the Lloyd brothers. This family had arrived in the area in the early 1920's and share farmed Springbank, Willowbank and Kia Ora with the Orr family.When Donald Kennedy's Dundonald Estate was sold off in 1929 to such as Jim Attwood and Edward Campbell, the Lloyd brothers moved into contracting and cartage. They laid down Jim Barrow's "Gladstone" (Park) in wheat; Jim was the first in the district to have a modern tractor. They knew every farm in the district as shown by George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road 1920 - 1952" (which the Hume Library system should have unless it's been thrown out!)
During World War 2, Essendon Aerodrome expanded to include Bulla Rd, making Tullamarine residents take the longer route along Keilor Rd and Matthews Ave, the latter named after an aviation pioneer, as were other streets in Airport West.The sites of many of the Keilor Rd shops were occupied by an anti-aircraft battery and planes from Essendon Aerodrome were parked at Donovans' (the old "Gowrie Side") at night.
The mid 1950's made Tullamarine better known to Melburnians. The Essendon Drive In theatre was opened in 1955 and in the next year Caterpillar's plant was officially opened. The festivities lasted a week and Jan Hedger had a free feed on the way home from Niddrie High every afternoon. The Triangular Estate residents had to get their water from a standpipe in Lancefield Rd (as Melrose Dr. was then called.) A fire swept through the Estate and Ron Gregg's house was miraculously spared. Another estate was Ray Loft's 1952 subdivision of "Broombank". Two buyers there were Walter V.Murphy (near the garage) and Ben Kelly (on the north corner of Tadstan Drive.) The husband of Doris Rorke ( a wonderful worker for Tullamarine Primary School with horticultural ability)had blocks fronting Lancefield and Broadmeadows roads (now called Melrose Dr and Mickleham Rd.) The Butterworths had much of the old 18 acre junction estate fronting Mickleham Rd to Londrew Ct.
(Katie Butterworth and Pam Gregg were keen members of the Tullamarine Pony Club in the 1970's; its activities were conducted on Carinya Park, the Thomas property.)
In the 1960's, houses were built in Cherie St for Americans constructing the new airport (on "Scone" and "Gowrie Park".)Issues for the residents included drainage, water supply,sewerage, terrible narrow roads and the noise and dangerous driving from drive-in patrons. Sid Hedger, Leo Dineen, Len Garner and co. dealt with these problems and got the hall underway.Percy Hurren's cows would often nibble the plants in the Peterson garden, east of the Kindergarten site.
I arrived to teach at the school in 1971. Dalkeith, west of Gordon St, had become the Broadwood Estate. Dawson St stopped at the Creek and there were thistles everywhere. By 1974 houses were dotted west of the creek and pupils had to use McLaren St to cross it. Dave Axon, Ken Boots, the Dineens, Masons, Bennetts and Allisons and others got the Youth Club going and Sandra Braun, Bev Lindsay, Ray Gibb, John Storey and other hard-working members of the kindergarten Committee raised funds through Gala Days, Paper Drives and balls etc. Carol Wright was a terrific worker in the paper drives and the hayband for tying bundles came from Carinya Park. The Tullamarine Progress Asociation's newsletter, "The Sonic", edited by Leo Dineen, Ray Gibb and Ian Howard, publicised the activities of sporting groups, scouts and so on. Leo Caton improved the hall (drapes etc) and Bev Large was the booking officer.
In about 1974 the council workers went on strike- for weeks. Tullamarine stank. One of the community workers mentioned previously contacted the Municipal Employees' Union and obtained permission to conduct a collection.It was not a nice job but volunteers came forth as always and the maggot- ridden bags were loaded into Dave Calder's van. Employees at the tip weren't told of our special permission and an ugly confrontation loomed but all was smoothed over and the smelly load was dumped.
At this time a rat infested creek ran around the east side of the present Leo Dineen Reserve behind the Gordon St houses and Cr Leo Dineen had this fixed. Soon after, Essendon Baptist St Johns (a club that had produced Ken Fraser and Ron Evans for the Bombers)and Ascot Vale Presbyterians merged to form Tullamarine Football Club and won the A Grade premiership five years in a row.
The purpose of this journal is to encourage people to share their knowledge of aboriginal words that have entered the English language as place names or in other ways, such as Yakka.(See Itellya's Sources journal.) No doubt the actual meaning of many words was misinterpreted by those who recorded them. I have read that aborigines used words for places that were really an expression of what happened there, such as frogs growling, water rushing and that words were repeated for emphasis. I think it was surveyor Wedge who first noted the word "Yarra" and presumed that it was the aboriginal word for the freshwater river. I believe that he and his dusky friend were standing near the waterfall near Queen St and Yarra Yarra might have been describing the water's movement.
"Maribyrnong : Action in Tranquility" states that Maribyrnong is a corruption of the aboriginal phrase for I can hear a ringtail possum. A Footscray history said that Cut Cut Paw, the parish name, meant a clump of she-oaks. Symonds says in his "Bulla Bulla" that the parish name meant two hills.I wonder if there is any connection with the fairly common "bool" suffix as in Warrnambool. Another history (Lenore Frost?)stated that Wonga (Wurundjeri) meant bronze- winged pigeon and the Bunurung ( there are a dozen versions of the spelling) used the word for Arthurs Seat, where as Colin McLear says in "A Dreamtime of Dromana", the bronze-winged pigeon kept to scrubby areas, searching for seed in small grassy clearings.
A Victorian or Australian history (The Settlers?) said that Robert Hoddle accepted 100 aboriginal words as compensation from the missionary to the aborigines, George Langhorne, who had used that number of fence posts belonging to Hoddle. (See more about Langhorne in the J.T.SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS journal, in relation to Peter Young of "Nairn", whose details I'd better add before you read it!)
I have found the origin of over 200 street names on the Peninsula, but have met a brick wall regarding seemingly aboriginal names for streets south west and north east of the Boneo/Eastbourne Rd intersection at Rosebud.They do not even resemble the vocabulary on the Bunurung website and the Shire's aboriginal consultant says that the names have been plucked from all over Australia. Perhaps somebody has come across these words.(See google map.)
I hope that many people add their comments.
I apologise for not listing sources in most of my journals. The reason that I do not do so is that sometimes one sentence might be an amalgam of information from four or five sources. Can you even imagine reading a journal littered with footnote numbers and with a list of sources that is longer than the actual article? One thing that irritates me about reading scholarly histories is the need for a ruler, to locate the page on which the sources are listed.
It is often the case that somebody starting family history research, or even somebody that has vaguely considered it (such as Somerville's "Local Footy Hero"), groans, "I wish I had asked mum, grandpa etc more questions." How many old photos get thrown out because the people, buildings etc in them (and the year or date!!!) have not been recorded on the back? DO IT NOW, FOLKS!
I was lucky that I started my historical research when I did. My older brother was doing our family history and wanted me to check the Broadmeadows rates to confirm that our great grandfather had farmed on Gladstone Park. I transcribed every entry for John Cock (Broombank 1867-1882, Springbank 1882-1992, Stewarton/Gladstone 1892-1911.)
Great grandfather had received great coverage in Andrew Lemon's "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" but I could not help noticing that almost all of the pioneers, whose names my eyes raced past, had not rated a mention.
NOT FAIR, JAN! (For the information of our American and British friends, that's a line in a bank advertisement that has become part of Aussie speech, just like "Tell him he's dreaming" from "The Castle".)
The council elections were coming up and the fantastic rates officer informed me that I could not have access to the strongroom, where the original rate books were kept, until the elections were over. Kindly, he gave me a map "to keep me occupied" until then. It was a map comprising parts of the parishes of Wiil Will Rook, Tullamarine and Bulla that was made to indicate the properties owned by Stanley Korman, a 1950's version of G.W.Taylor. His subdivision of Gladstone Park (with its innovative bullseye road layout) was thwarted by Airport plans and his Stanhill company collapsed, costing many small shareholders their life's savings.
What excited me was that a farm on the map was labelled "A.Cock". That was my great uncle, Alf. Excitedly, I raced to the Tullamarine library to find out more about Alf. I read all the available history of Tullamarine but found no mention of him; not surprising because it consisted of only 1 1/2 foolscap pages! That did it. As it was Australia's 200th year, I decided that as a bicentennial project, I would expand Tullamarine's recorded history.
Tullamarine was in the Broadmeadows, Keilor and Bulla shires, so logically, I needed to transcribe rates information for each and I needed the Tullamarine, Doutta Galla, Bulla Bulla and Will Will Rook parish maps.Later the Maribyrnong parish map joined my collection. How did I get them? The librarians were fantastic: Bev Brocchi at Niddrie, Rosemary Davidson at Tullamarine and Jenny Shugg at Gladstone Park Secondary College.They supplied the maps free because they soon learned that what they gave would be repaid tenfold.
The rest came about because of Gordon Henwood, a cleaner at the school where I taught. I was a fairly dedicated teacher and was always there when everybody else had left, so we became good mates. I mentioned my brick wall about Alf's farm. Gordon knew the Arundel Closer Settlement like the back of his hand; he was a descendant of J.D.McFarlane and had been brought up there. He told me that I was talking about John Fenton's "Dunnawalla" and that I should go and see John. I ignored the "Beware of the dog" sign and my bravery was rewarded. John came out with the usual line of "I'm not a pioneer" although he had been there before Tullamarine was a suburb. (The Drive- in at Tullamarine was called the Essendon Drive In because hardly anyone knew where Tullamarine was!)
John knew enough about Tullamarine to give me a list of about 12 descendants of pioneering families. Every time I spoke to one of these, they'd say, "I don't know much, you need to speak to so and so." They actually knew plenty and provided treasures such as the Methodist Church Centenary book, the 1926 Saleyards proposal, newspaper cuttings such as "The Clan McNab", photos of hay being loaded at Nash's Fairview, the old post office in Post Office Lane, the former Beech Tree Hotel as well as telling me property names, anecdotes and so on. Harry Heaps was funny; he'd always preface his anecdotes with: "I shouldn't tell you this, but". When conducting videotaped interviews with Gordon Connor, Jack Hoctor and Colin Williams, I had to suppress a snigger when they asked, "Are you taking my photograph?"
With the number of contacts and treasures escalating at the rate of one per day, Rosemary Davidson suggested that we have a history display at the Tullamarine Library. Anthony Rowhead, a Federal Airports inspector came, saw and acted. Within a week, he had commenced a project to rename streets in Tullamarine Airport after early settlers, aborigines and aviation pioneers.As mentioned in the airport's wikipedia entry, the project was shelved at the last moment, when all had been finalised but Anthony managed to sneak in Gowrie Park Drive. TAKE THAT BEAN-COUNTERS!
Despite that 1989 setback, the 1989 Back to Tullamarine and the writing of "Where Big Birds Soar" were ample compensation. Due to Winnie Lewis (nee Parr) and her black book of phone numbers and snowball system of communication, practically every living descendant of the Tullamarine pioneers was there. Those that weren't alive were there in spirit; I could almost sense them saying, "What was that?" every time their names were mentioned.
As most of those present had trouble reading captions etc, I raced home to get my trusty magnifying glass. Now these descendants had been well-brought up and were too well mannered to raise their voices but from 100 metres away, their quiet conversation sounded like the roar of a grand final crowd at the M.C.G. as the players run onto the ground. What a thrill! The attendees' only disappointment was that they had no written history to take home.My handwritten book, finished days before the event, which was opened by the Keilor Mayor, was only provided to the libraries.This was rectified at the 1998 reunion where every copy printed of "Tullamarine: Before the Jetport" was sold raising a good sum for Gladstone Park Primary School. At the reunions, the oldtimers provided new information during afternoon talk and a new saint was proclaimed; no lesser title would do justice to Alec Rasmussen, their former teacher, of whom they spoke in such glowing terms.
I stated earlier that I was lucky to have started my research when I did. Why was that? Here are a few reasons. Gordon Connor, Jack Hoctor and Colin Williams were all dead within a year and by now practically all of my witnesses to the past have passed on. The historic councils are no more since Jeff Kennett's municipal amalgamations. Ratebooks are no longer available and microfiche cause so much eye strain that I would have been blind with the amount of transcription that I did. (Some council employees thought I was a colleague because they saw so much of me!) If I had started after Rosemary left the Tulla library, the lack of her enthusiasm might have seen my own dedication expire.
As well as rates, parish maps, directories,the aforementioned descendants, every local history written about the area and some that weren't written as local histories (The Oaklands Hunt, The Gold The Blue, The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner, Memoirs of a Stockman, Boom and Bust etc),there was, and still is, interaction with family historians referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society etc, (I usually get as much as I give.)
As a sample of my sources, I will list the sources for "Tullamarine: Before the Jetport.
Keith McNab, Gordon Connor, Colin Williams, Wally Mansfield, Jack Hoctor, John Fenton, Edie Thomas, Harry Heaps, Merv Henderson, Ina Henderson, Stan Exell, Sid Lloyd, Joyce Morgan, Noel Butler, Olive Nash, Ian Henwood, Eileen Reddan, Hilda Drever, Gordon Wright, Nathan Wright, Joe Crotty, Glenn Cotchen, Winnie Lewis, Leo Dineen, Dave Hatty, Bob Blackwell, Ted Fanning, B and P. Wright, Alma Koch, Peter Anderson, Jean Schwartz and Bev Ellis, Ken Gibb, Deidre Forfar (Robertson, McCracken historian), Mrs W.V.Murphy, Ian Farrugia (last occupant of Camp Hill and Gladstone homesteads), Alf Murray, Jan Hutchinson, Tom Dunne (last teacher at Tullamarine SS 2613.)
Broadmeadows A Forgotten History, Bulla Bulla, McCracken Papers, The Gold The Blue, The Oaklands Hunt, Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales, Mickleham Road: 1920-1953, Tullamarine Methodist Church 1970, Camp Hill Title Deeds, Tullamarine Progress Association Minutes Book 1937-1954, Official Opening of Caterpillar- speeches-progress, Birthday Brings Back The Past (Lily Green), Anti-Airport pamphlet of 1959 (containing Korman's plans), 1926 Saleyards Proposal, F.A.C. aquisitions map (circa 1960, showing owners), Broadmeadows History Kit- S.O'Callaghan, Architectural thesis on Arundel (K.B.Keeley), Arundel owners etc (Tony Cockram), Keilor Centenary Souvenirs of 1950, 1961 and 1963, Victoria and Its Metropolis, Cemetery Inscriptions (Bulla, Keilor, Will Will Rook), Greenvale: Links with the Past (Annette Davis, wife of Essendon champion, Barry), The Shire That Took Off (unpublished history of Bulla Shire sourced at the Sam Merrifield Library, plus others mentioned above.
My other work includes Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles around (2500 pages handwritten and more on computer, with most of my information on Greenvale and Bulla), Kilts and Cow Dung Flats (Strathmore and Pascoe Vale), A Trickle or a Torrent (Moonee Ponds Creek),information provided to family historians and Bruce Barber (Strathmore),assisting heritage studies, Early Landowners (parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine with extensive titles information) and more recently NEW history about the Mornington Peninsula and preserving heritage buildings such as the Boyd cottage at 62 Rosebud Pde.
Being a local historian, obviously I have belonged to historical societies but I am not really a meetings person. I was the president of the reformed Keilor Historical Society (1988?)but I was so pleased when Susan Jennison took over the reins in the next year. I am purely a research person with a passion to see the contributions of my mates, the pioneers, acknowledged. I have been pleased to see their names added to Melway at my suggestion: Hannah Pascoe, McRae, Delahey, Lavars, Corrigan, Chadwick, McKay, Johnson, Gilmore, Mitchell and their properties: Gowrie Park, Chandos, Willowbank. Unfortunately, my maternal ancestors are unlikely to have a street named afer them. Imagine the ribbing you'd get if you lived in Cock Street!
The reason that I have not published my histories (probably 4000 pages by now)is that I object to the outrageous prices people have to pay for books. That is why I provided my work to libraries and when I sold books they were printed at my schools so that they could raise funds and prices could be low.I cannot express my gratitude enough to Scott for giving me the opportunity to provide the results of my research free to family historians. Although I am still a local historian, it is for family historians that I research and write. Hopefully, nobody will say of my work, "My family was there for 50 years and he didn't even mention them!"
I admire and respect Family historians but will never become one. Why? A local historian is the explorer who embarks on adventure and finds something else if he doesn't discover what he was after but a family historian is the surveyor who deals with the nitty gritty and does the "hard yakka" (another Aussie term meaning hard work from a brand of workwear.) Keep up the good work, Scott and his disciples!
No genealogy will be found in this journal. I could not add one detail to that provided by Neil Mansfield in his extraordinary "The David Mansfield Story". See Neil's website.
Much biological information is also provided in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present", in the West Bourke section if my memory serves me correctly, but there is an index at the end. Many libraries will have this work. My intention is to give detail of the various Mansfield properties and tell some of the anecdotes supplied to me by the late Wally Mansfield which inspired poems such as "Death at Bertram's Ford", The Wisdom of Solomon", "The Studebaker" and "Ritchie's Foe."
Wally's anecdote about two Mansfield brothers taking a dispute about boundaries to court and the judge instructing them to shake hands, share a beer and be friends, the subject of the second poem, has been confirmed by a discovery I made today. Everyone would be aware of the judge's name: A'Beckett. The fact that he refused to consider an affidavit about the two brothers discussing the case with a juror indicates that he knew exactly what that discussion was about. The fine imposed, a trifling shilling, shows that the jury was well aware that the brothers had shaken hands, shared a beer and become friends. See column 4 of page 5 of The Argus of 20-11-1890 to find out the brothers' names.
As Joseph Dubois has just returned my material, I can reproduce the poem inspired by this court case.
THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON.
The Mansfields' dividing fence
Provoked ill-feeling quite immmense .
John and David took the case to court;
A legal solution the two men sought.
With unclear surveys the judge couldn't decide,
So he called the wrangling brothers aside.
"The law can give no answer I fear,
So go, shake hands and share a beer!"
This stern advice removed their hates,
And from that day on, they were the best of mates.
The Studebaker is about the bachelor McNab brothers buying a car, and with a hint of "Mulga Bill's Bicycle", Wally Mansfield learning to drive the beast, which had the gear lever on the right hand running board. They were driven to Ascot Vale each day of the show but as soon as it concluded, Wally would put it up on blocks and cover it. The brothers would pick up a churn from Hogan's dairy at Queen St (Melway 28 E1) on horseback rather than use the horseless carriage! "Ritchie's Foe" is on Neil's website. The Studebaker poem will be included in the McNAB and GRANT journal.
Mansfields Rd at Melway 4 E3 bisected the Mansfield property; land on both sides of the road had been bought by John Pascoe Fawkner on behalf of his Co-operative and divided into 80 blocks, most of which passed into the ownership of the Mansfield family. Some of the early purchasers of interest were Donald Gray, William Trotman, William Spiers, D.Hill and of course, Samuel, John and Isaac Mansfield. (All of these details come from my 1999 Melway on which I transposed the subdivision lots.)
William Trotman's family became prominent Greenvale pioneers, Peter Spiers, by 1900, had (100 acres?) further east(5 C7), later occupied by Vaughan, and from 1927 by Bill Ellis until it was acquired for the airport.J.Spiers may have had this property in 1868. but I cannot be certain. Charles Nash was another purchaser. His lots 32 and 31 were, in 1999, the Broadacres Kennels and Cattery. Olive Nash, the widow of Harry Nash, told me that they used this paddock to spell their dry cows.
Somehow, I manage to delete the details about the blocks bought by Donald Gray and the other purchasers of interest named above, so here goes again. There were big blocks stretching from Mansfields Rd to Bassett Rd. I had earlier stated that these blocks were of 15 acres but I now believe that they were 20 acres; Charles Nash had two smaller blocks and he definitely had 20 acres in all Bulla Rate records transcribed.
repeat information gray's hill etc
I must mention two notes that I have made on map 3 of my 1999 Melway, obviously during one of the lengthy discussions st Keith McNab's kitchen table.
The first concerns a half sized block fronting McNabs Rd between Bassett Rd and the bottom of Melway 4G5, lot 63 bought by John Mansfield. A small square in the north west corner of this block is etched and nearby, in the nearest blank space, I have written, "The Pines, fire 1912, well." Soon after, John had leased 205 acres to Alf Wright (Bulla rates 1914-15) and moved onto Grandview (Broadmeadows rates-1920?)which was part of Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint, so the etched square probably does represent a homestead on "The Pines". I CANNOT FIND A REFERENCE TO THE FIRE IN TROVE BUT I THINK I CAN REMEMBER AN ENTRY IN SAM MERRIFIELD'S "ANNALS OF ESSENDON".
The second bit of scribble is Farnes' Corner at the corner of McNabs Rd and Mansfields Rd. Charles Farnes was a Bulla ratepayer and I believe that he would have had the property, adjoining Gowrie Park, later occupied by J.D.McFarlane, Keilor and Arundel Closer Settlement pioneer and councillor (to whom the gates at the Keilor sports ground were dedicated), and Butler, from whom it was purchased for the airport if I remember the map correctly.
As detailed in Neil's book, David inherited Isaac's property. His house "Roseleigh" still stands on the south side of Mansfields Rd.During the late 1880's a railway to Bulla was proposed. The two suggested routes were along the east bank of the Maribyrnong River and along Bulla Rd. The Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company bought much land along the first route and G.W.Taylor, a Prahran councillor,Tommy Bent and Marks Herman bought much land along Bulla Rd. By bought, I mean they paid a deposit and made progress payments. By 1892, these speculators would have handed over a considerable amount of money. Of course they had borrowed to make these payments. Then the boom burst. Banks closed. The Government was broke and a decade or more of cost-cutting measures started; as late as 1905 there were moves to close the Rye school and make its pupils walk to Rosebud. In such a climate, Tommy Bent's grand plans to extend the railway network were shelved; luckily for his mate Henry Gomm, the Somerville Station (inexplicably located right next to his "Glenhoya") was already operating.
Strangely the railway plans were revived after the Great War. Tullamarine and Keilor squabbled about
the route to Bulla and the 1919-20 Flinders Shire rates show that there was a Railway Estate at Dromana. And once again the plans were halted by a depression, that of the 1930's.This is the sort of thing that Michael Cannon's "Boom and Bust" is about. I think he discusses G.W.Taylor at some length.
However, back to the 1890's. Naturally, the speculators could not complete their payments so the farmers pocketed the money that had been paid as well as regaining their properties. David Mansfield and the Crottys of
"Broomfield used their windfalls to build new houses, the former almost on the course of the western end of the runway, and the Crottys on the Honda site in Sharps Rd, Tullamarine. David called his new house Glen Alice.After David's death, one son was given Roseleigh and the other Glenalice. The boundary between them was a little north of Mansfields Rd.
The Mansfields were related by marriage to a great number of pioneering families in Bulla, Tullamarine and Greenvale. David Mansfield's wife was a member of the Faithfull family, pioneers of Tullamarine Island. They will be discussed in my journal about TULLAMARINE ISLAND.Just to give you some idea of the connections, I will list some of the names mentioned in Neil's book: JOHNSON, MUSGROVE, WRIGHT, BETHELL, FAITHFULL, PARR, McRAE, TENNIEL, MILLAR and TROTMAN. The Johnsons, Greenvale pioneers, were associated with Glendewar, Cumberland (photo of the beautiful homestead in the book)and Spring Park in Keilor Rd. According to Bob Blackwell, James Musgrove was a famed implements manufacturer who was also a pioneer of photography and set up his own telephone; he insisted on being called James, not Jim. The Wrights, Parrs and Nash families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church. Willam Bethell ran the bluestone store at Bulla and his brother was a storekeeper at Broadmeadows (Westmeadows.) Farquhar McRae, in charge of the hunters at Glenara, organised the first event of the Oaklands Hunt Club in 1888. The Millars took over John McKerchar's Greenvale" and renamed it "The Elms". Family members also moved to Tullamarine in the early 1900's, occupying the Junction Hotel (711 site in 2011) and Maggie Millar married Ray Loft, son of Tom who also came from Greenvale. When Ray subdivided "Broombank" in 1952, he called its drive from Bulla Rd Millar Rd. Maggie came to the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, organised by myself and Winnie Lewis (nee Parr). James Tenniel ran the Beech Tree Hotel. See the "Hotels near Tullamarine" journal.
The Mansfields shared two things at least with the great man, and their neighbour, Alister Clark. Firstly the Box Forest on the airport. Secondly Armistace Day. On that happy day, Wally Mansfield and a couple of other youngsters walked around Tullamarine banging pots and pans to announce the glad tidings. When they reached "Glenara", Alister, regarded almost as Royalty by most Tullamarine residents (such as Lily Green who said that the highlight of her time at the former Junction Hotel was serving Alister at the pump and shop) , invited the boys into the ballroom for lemonade and biscuits.
Being open woodland, reasonably flat,largely devoid of the rocks that made the parish of Maribyrnong unsuitable for agriculture (William Taylor, James Robertson of Upper Keilor and Big Clarke who owned much of it, were graziers) and with just the right rainfall, Tullamarine was ideal for production of yesteryear's petrol, hay.
Wheat had been tried in the 1850's and a flour mill was even built on "Lochton" (Melway 176 C4) in 1856 by Bain, but wheat growing was not successful. Hay growing was not the only farming activity by any means. On "Arundel", Edward Wilson had his model farm and later Robert McDougall was a foremost Shorthorn breeder, the Grants and McNabs were the original Ayrshire breeders, with Tasmania's herds stocked from their studs and later, to a lesser extent, those of Buchanan from Berwick. The Mansfields and John Cock bred Clydesdales (yesteryear's tractors!)The Crottys were dairy farmers for almost 100 years. Some portions of farms were of course used for grazing, supplying milk, cheese, cream, fruit and vegetables for the table and so on but the chief source of income was hay. During Michael Reddan's three year stint on James Sharp's "Hillside" (later Joe Thomas's Carinya Park and the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club), the sheaves of hay were so thick on the ground that it was almost impossible to walk between them.
By the end of the 1930's, the common people were able to own cars and the market for hay virtually disappeared. Pig farming became more common. Harry Heaps'parents had started this trend in 1923 on Sunnyside, Wallis Wright's old property on the west side of Wright St near the Moonee Ponds Creek and, from 1927, Bill Ellis engaged in porky production on "Ecclesfield" on the south west corner of Bulla Rd and Grants Lane (part of which has been renamed Melrose Drive.) By the end of the war, they had been joined by other pig farmers such as Lacey (west of Harry Nash's Bayview) and the Paynes on "Scone" (with a long o as in the sacred coronation site in Scotland)which now houses the Melbourne Airport terminal buildings.
Thus it was that the Mansfields left Tullamarine in the 1940's.
I was told of the incident in the following poem by Wally Mansfield, but also, and quite independently, by Gordon Connor and Colin Williams, the latter present at S.S.2613 on the Conders Lane (Link Rd) corner the next morning when Miss Rowe informed him and the other pupils about the tragedy.
DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD.
They were leading a horse that they'd sold to McRae
Who lived near St Albans, over Keilor way;
Will Mansfield was driving, his son sitting near;
Stephen Hill,leading the horse, sat in the rear.
Will Mansfield and Stephen were mates at the school,
Spent their free time together as a general rule,
So Will's dad let him come on the trip o'er the river;
But his wife wasn't happy and spoke with a quiver.
With a look at the sky and the storm clouds that loomed
She pleaded, "Bill, don't go now or you'll all be doomed!"
But he reassured her as they clambered on board,
"I've been through deeper water than you get at Bertram's Ford."
Halfway there the sun vanished- came a curious silence-
Then the sky opened up with murderous violence;
The clouds, basalt black,turned day into night
As the three reached Arundel and turned to the right.
"Young Hilly, don't wind that rein round your arm;"
His friend's father said, "'twill bring you to harm!"
Then they ceased their descent, to the right they curved;
The roar of river the horses un-nerved.
But Bill urged them on and into the current;
Soon a horse lost its footing, so swift was the torrent
And the jinker was swept like a leaf in a gale;
Mansfield grabbed for his son who had started to wail.
By lightning above, the ghoulish scene shown,
The three from the overturned jinker were thrown.
Sounds of whinnies and screaming and, "Where are you son?"
And the Grim Reaper's harvest had already begun.
While the Mansfield lad to the murky depths sank
The towed horse's reins reins dragged his mate to the bank.
The father, now desperate, with a weakening yelp
Gasped, "Stevie, please Stevie, go and get help!"
At first, due to shock, comprehension he lacked
But his friend's father's plea soon made him react;
He mounted and thundered away up the slope,
And Bill dived again; he'd ne'er give up hope.
With the last of his strength, Mansfield surfaced again:
That would have been it- for lesser men.
But for Bill Mansfield, that would not suffice;
His son was worth any sacrifice.
By the time that help came it was far too late;
The son and the father had shared the same fate.
Miss Rowe and her pupils on the morrow
Would share the grieving widow's sorrow.
Note: the father's name was given to me by two informants as John, and while he may have been known by his second name, I have substituted Bill to conform with the name used in newspaper reports of the inquest. The brother's names have also been changed in "The Wisdom of Solomon" for the same reason. My apologies to the writers of "The Night Before Christmas" and "The Ballad of The Drover" for the leaf in a gale and never give up references.
THE MANY MANSFIELD PROPERTIES.----TO BE CONTINUED.
This journal was prompted by my attempt to establish that Charles John Beaman who married Elizabeth Neil Knox was the only son of Richard Beaman and the widow of David William O'Nial who was born at the Lady of the Lake Hotel in Tullamarine on 23-5-1855 (The Argus 26-5-1855 page 4, accessed through TROVE.)
There is extensive information about the O'Nials and Beamans under the heading of the Lady of the Lake Hotel in my journal about hotels near Tullamarine. The purpose of this journal is to assist the person who posted details about Andrew John Beaman on Ancestry.com pages.
This post stated that Andrew John was the son of Charles John Beaman and Elizabeth Knox. When I clicked on Charles John, the post stated that he was born on 23-5-1855 to Richard Beaman and Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald. It seems possible, even probably, that Fitzgerald was the maiden name of David William O'Nial's wife. Why this is so will be discussed later. The big, big mistake is the statement that Charles John Beaman was born in Mauritius. I can only imagine (if no human error was involved) that another Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald/Beaman had given birth in Mauritius to a child with exactly the same name on exactly the same date as the boy born at Tullamarine. As this scenario is a bit far fetched, Mauritius may have been mentioned during Ellen's voyage to Australia and has somehow been attached in relation to another event, as a result of human error.
Very few of our early pioneers arrived in Australia on their own, except for sailors who jumped ship before (such as many of the lime burners at the Heads) and during the gold rush. Many came with relatives or sent encouraging reports and money to bring them later. A typical example is Robert Cairns who settled at Boneo in 1852. His wife's parents came with him and pioneered the other side of the bay, at Drysdale which is named after them. Within a couple of years, his brothers, Alexander and David had joined him at Boneo.
John Pascoe Fawkner's mother's maiden name was Pascoe and Moreland City Council accepted my suggestion to name Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16C3) after her. Hannah lived at her son's Belle Vue Park (renamed Oak Park by Glenroy flour mill owner, Hutchinson) and as there were Pascoes among the area's early pioneers, it is reasonable to assume that they were relatives of Hannah's.
The 1863 rate book of the Broadmeadows Road Board (the oldest available in 1988) showed that pioneers with the surnames of Foster and Fitzgerald had small holdings on the east side of what is now Melrose Drive, north of the Mickleham Rd corner. They were probably on one acre blocks on John Carre Riddell's Hamilton Terrace, bounded by the road to Bulla, Derby St and the closed Greenhill St (formerly officially Victoria St but known locally as Nash's Lane after Charles Nash of "Fairview".)It is reasonable to assume that they were poor relatives of William and John Foster brought out to work on their property of almost 2000 acres. If Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald was indeed the wife of David William O'Nial and then Richard Beaman, she was probably a distant cousin of the rich Fosters. William returned to the old country to inherit and later John Vasey Lesley Foster did the same, his name changed to JohnFitzgerald Leslie Foster in order to inherit.
Today, Thursday, 1-12-2011, the huge pine trees were cut down at 858 Pt Nepean Rd, Rosebud. Who planted them is unclear, but it was possibly George Fountain, who at one time owned number 858 and 854. The pines were planted on both blocks and George, a plumber who was the last Mayor of the Borough of North Melbourne before it merged with the City of Melbourne, called his holiday residence "The Pines".
The house at number 858, possibly built by William John Ferrier (subject of another journal), the nationally famous hero of the La Bella tragedy at Warrnambool in 1905, was probably occupied by George until a newer house was built on number 854. Ferrier's block was then sold to the Archers, who were keen recreational fishermen.
I took a mobile phone photo of the two pines, from which most of the branches had been lopped. Hopefully MUZZA OF McCRAE took a photo of these two very old trees with their clothes on and will be able to post it with his other great photos of historical interest.
I was exploring trove when I discovered the source of a mistake in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary booklet of 1970. (The church, which stood directly opposite 274 Melrose Drive, has been demolished but its stained glass windows, which honour pioneering families, have been incorporated into the Uniting Church in Carrick Drive, Gladstone Park.) The mistake was made by Isaac Batey in his history of the Sunbury area; he called the Lady of the Lake Hotel, the "Lady of the Lady".
My intention is to give detail of the people who ran the hotels, but as I no longer have the copious notes from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records that I made over 20 years ago, I will have to call on TROVE for help. In the meantime, I can tell you the names and exact locations of the hotels between Essendon and Sunbury.
Before I start, I will tell you briefly about some of the hotels that existed along what is now known as Keilor Rd. The first was built by Tulip Wright, the early Chief Constable and Bulla pioneer from LINCOLNSHIRE. He had built the Bridge (later Deep Creek)Inn at Bulla in about 1843 but when the major route to the goldfield to Mt Alexander became the one through Keilor, he leased his first inn to (Caspar, or was it Donohue?) and built the Lincolnshire Arms at what was called the Essendon Crossroads (Deep Creek road, Mt Alexander (Keilor)Rd, Woodlands St and Lincoln road.)Lincoln Rd was the original name of Carnarvon Rd, the boundary between sections 15 and 16 Doutta Galla.
It appears that John Kernan had twice previously applied for a license at this site. A report on applications in The Argus of 16-4-1851 showed that his application for the Junction Inn was refused for the second year in a row. It was proposed to be located at the junction of the Mount Macedon and Keilor Roads. However the site applied for may have been that of Tullamarine's Junction Hotel. Even though Pascoe Vale Rd, Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were all referred to in early times as "Macedon road', I am reasonably certain that Mount Macedon road meant Bulla Rd. However, the present Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine (the boundary between E.E.Kenny's "Camp Hill" and William Foster's grant)led south to Keilor and was still called Keilor Lane (as was Fosters Rd, renamed Keilor Park Drive) in reports about the Oaklands Hunt. In those days the northern part of Broadmeadows Rd (Mickleham Rd as far as Fawkner St) may not have been made. Travellers to Sydney were advised to proceed along Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive) which was described in relation to the sale of Lake Farm in 1853 as "the great road to the diggings" and go to the right of the Lady of the Lake Hotel to reach Broadmeadows township. After they crossed the Moonee Ponds creek, they would climb the Ardlie St hill and continue towards Wallan on the route which is still called Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Lane. As the present Broadmeadows Rd obviously did not continue to Broadmeadows township at the time the travelling advice was given, its only purpose would have been as a short cut to Keilor for those travelling south.
I HAVE JUSTIFIED WHY THE LOCATION OF JOHN KERNAN'S APPLICATION COULD ALSO HAVE BEEN AT TULLAMARINE JUNCTION. ANOTHER GLANCE AT MY PAGES OF SCRIBBLE, MAINLY ABOUT D.W.O'NIAL, REVEALED THAT IT MOST LIKELY WAS AT TULLAMARINE! An article on page 4 of The Argus of 21-4-1852 shows that the licence of the Lincolnshire Arms was transferred from Mr Wright to Edward Wilson. Mr Wright was, of course, Tulip Wright, and Edward Wilson may have been the Argus editor, leader of the acclimatisation movement and opponent of the squattocracy, who shortly after purchased Arundel and established a model farm (read "zoo") on it. As P.Donohue's application for a licence for Tulip's old Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed at the same hearing as Kernan's in 1851, one would presume that Tulip was at least building the Lincolnshire at that time.The proximity of another hotel to Kernan's proposed location would have been given as a reason for refusal, or at least mentioned, if Kernan's site was at Essendon Crossroads.
What luck for Tulip! He built the Lincolnshire Arms just before the gold rush started at the one place that was on the great road to the diggings before and after 1854.Before Brees' bridge was built at Keilor, the main route was through Bulla (passing The Linc.)and when the road to Mt Alexander was improved at Government expense by contractors such as Samuel Brees and (Martin?) Higgins, diggers still went right past his hotel en route to Keilor.His luck did not last; he died in 1855 after having built the Sir John Franklin Hotel at Sunbury, which became Caspar's.
John Kernan's family pioneered the Somerton area and John Kernan (perhaps the licence applicant) leased, and then bought the part of J.P.Fawkner's "Belle Vue Park" that had been sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named.)John Kernan called this Merai Farm; it grew fine crops because of the nightsoil that was used as fertiliser! Merai Farm was bounded by Pascoe Vale, Devon and Northumberland Rds and Gaffney St. John later developed subdivisions in Strathmore and named a street there after his great mate Michael Loeman of "Glenloeman" on Tullamarine Island.
The next hotel on Keilor Rd was the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve mentioned in the history compiled by Garnet Price,Keilor's City Engineer, which had to be the Springfield Inn.. This inn was included in the sale when the grantee, William Nicholson sold Springfield to James Kavanagh. In 1852, James and his wife Mary were attendants at the wedding of Patrick Phelan and Ellen Connor who lived on the next farm east, Spring Park.Five years later, James and Mary were to lose their daughter, Mary Ann, whose funeral procession started from the Springfield Hotel (Argus 1-10-1857 page 8.)
The North Pole Inn was on the west corner of Milleara Rd, which was called North Pole Road from the time that William Cherry used Solomon's ford to get from Altona to Keilor until well into the 1900's, when Quinn and others were subdividing land once farmed by the Dodds/Delaheys and John Beale.In 1850, James Laverty, a business associate of Connor and Phelan, bought land between the present Webber Pde and Milleara Rd from the grantee, Joseph Hall, for a song. A year later he would have had to pay an opera because the gold rush had started! It was consistently said to be of 183 acres although the Doutta Galla parish map says it was 180 acres and 3 roods. Edward Fegan was running this hotel by 1858. Laverty tried to sell the hotel and the adjoining estate of Spring Vale in 1859. (Argus 22-6-1859.) On 3-2-1864, George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot took over the hotel's operation; In the same year, John Corcoran bought the hotel and land.It was probably John who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm. A later owner of this and the next crown allotment east was Michael Fox, who owned Barbiston at Tullamarine. Michael lived in a house at the corner of Milleara Rd until his death on 4-9-1918.
The Sir John Franklin Hotel was at the east side of the Collinson St corner. Crown Allotment 18A was granted to Grey and Wedge, and passed into the ownership of John Gemmell who sold the 133 acres to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw on 31-12-1853. The Bradshaws subdivided the land, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets after men o' war.Henry Eldridge bought the hotel site for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. In 1857, he lost a daughter, Eleanor. Her funeral was to proceed from Henry's Sir John Franklin Hotel to the new cemetery. Henry did not seem to be listed in the electoral role of 1856 but he's there all right, under the alias of Henry Heldridge!
The 1847 Port Phillip directory listed Henry Eldridge as a farmer on the Carlton (or Carleton) Estate, Plenty. Nobody seems to know where this estate was and the term Carlton Estate has not been seen in newspapers of that time.
HOTELS IN BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP.
This township, now known as Westmeadows, had three hotels. The BROADMEADOWS and the VICTORIA were operating in the 1850's, the former still on the same site but in its third building. It is so obvious that the first two buildinds, and the Victoria, were destroyed by fire that I won't bother telling you. (Sorry but sometimes my sick sense of humour gets the better of me.) The Victoria was a little bit further up Ardlie St.These two hotels did a roaring trade due to one of the routes to Sydney passing through the township and the hopefuls rushing to McIvor's Diggings at Heathcote. Henry Franklin, a baker, added the Franklin Hotel on the west corner of Fawkner and Bent Sts in the 1870's.Its bluestone was used to build the vestry at St Paul's C of E after it had burnt down but some remains under the ground near the present front fence. As plenty of detail is provided in Andrew Lemon's "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", I will not repeat it here, due to my policy of not regurgitating what has already been written, (as long as it is freely available.)
Andrew does not mention the later movements of William Chadwick of the Broadmeadows Hotel after whom I had Chadwick Lane (Melway 6 A5) named. He later built the Farmers' Arms at the south west Corner of Mt Alexander Rd (28 G5) which was later obviously run by Peter Pitches, after whom Pitches St would have been named. Later, he built the Farmers' Arms Hotel at, I think, Benalla.(When John Shorten sends me a copy of the 2 500 page Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around, I will be able to confirm this from the Chadwick entry.)
Further north at the south west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds, John LavArs built Lavars' Hotel which was quite a landmark, sometimes too hard to pass without stopping for some. Bob Blackwell' s grandfather, John Blackwell, of Blackwells Lane (177 E7)was working for Pigdon on Dunhelen (386 B 11)and returning from a delivery of hay to Melbourne thought he'd stop for a drink or ten. As he drove into the Dunhelen driveway, John Pigdon's steely glare could be sensed even in the dark as he snarled, "You're late!" Standing erect on the driver's seat, John Blackwell replied, "Nobody can say I'm drunk!" Pigdon laughed heartily at such effrontery and forgave the transgression. Lavers Place (6 A5) is another street on the Alanbrae subdivision of Keith Campbell's Willowbank to be named after a publican. Not trusting my spelling of the name, the developer unwisely consulted the rate records and came up with the wrong spelling.
HOTELS ON BULLA ROAD.
TRAVELLERS' REST HOTEL. (Melway 16 A5.) Gordon Connor told me in 1989 that this hotel was "where the garage is." He was referring to the garage near Airport West Shoppingtown. Titles information shows that the hotel land was bounded by Dromana Ave, Louis St, Rodd Rd and the northern section of Matthews Ave (which was Deep Creek Rd.) Hotels in the country usually had stables and grazing for guests' horses; catering for travellers was the government's main reason for allowing them. Gordon was the son of a Moonee Ponds bootmaker and often passed the site, shortly after the hotel was burnt down in 1899, on his way to Grandma Nash's "Fairview" at Melway 5 F6. Jack Howse who owned the hotel, had a farm called "South Wait" between Cam Taylor's St John's (where nightsoil was dumped before it became St John's Field or Essendon Aerodrome) and Camp Hill (Gowanbrae.) Howse also had a slaughteryard. (Gordon Connor; George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road 1920-1952; Titles.)
JUNCTION HOTEL.(Melway 5 J10) This hotel was operating by 1868 and continued until the early 1920's when Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" whose homestead (built by George Mansfield in 1910) was "only 100 yards away", on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave, led the push to have it closed. A stalwart of the aforementioned Methodist Church, Tommy never let liquor pass his lips but it was not the merchandise that led to his opposition. The hotel was the scene of frequent weekend brawls as carloads of louts from Melbourne descended on the sleepy hamlet to get "smashed". Cec and Lily Green took over the hotel as a garage and shop, giving that junction the well-known name of Greens Corner. A policeman visited the Greens later and showed them a bullet lodged in a door that had been fired in an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the hotel.Lily Green stated that her fondest memory of her time there was serving that great man, Alister Clark of Glenara.(Gordon Connor; Harry Heaps; Methodist Church Centenary 1970; trove; Broadmeadows Observer interview with Lily Green; A Green descendant re the bullet.)
THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Melway 5 H11.)This hotel was established by David William O'Nial. His wife's name was Ellen. David O'Nial died. Ellen O'Nial did not die! I suspected 23 years ago that Ellen O'Nial did not die when I was researching Broadmeadows rate records in relation to John Cock who leased a farm called "Broombank" from 1867 until 1882, when he started a lease on Donald Kennedy's "Dundonald Estate" between Broadmeadows Township and Gellibrand Hill.
He was followed on "Broombank" by the Williams family. One of the sons of that family, Colin Williams, was 99 when I first met him.Colin told me of the many coins found by his father while ploughing. Jack Hoctor (also 99) told me how his uncle Michael Hoctor (who lived in the old coach house on the Broad St corner at Westmeadows) was working on Broombank for John Cock, who suggested that Michael sleep in the barn and go home at weekends.After the first night, Michael, whose sleep had been much disturbed by mice, stated emphatically, with true Irish colour, "I'll not sleep here again or I'll likely wake up and find myself dead entirely!"
David and Ellen O'Nial had four daughters; two of them married but the ones Colin told me about were the two spinsters, Catherine and Minnie. These two were well-known to Colin and to Harry Heaps and Maggie Loft, another two of my informants.
Catherine and Minnie told Colin how they had peered through the Cape Broom hedge that gave Broombank its name as the Burke and Landells expedition passed on its way to the second encampment near the site of the Inverness Hotel. Because of childhood attachments such as this momentous occasion in Australian history, when the ownership of Broombank passed to the two spinsters, who lived in Docker St, Richmond according to the rate records, they refused to sell the property.
After the Williams moved, Ray Loft (son of Tommy Loft of Dalkeith) leased Broombank for many years until, on the death of the last remaining spinster, he was finally able to purchase the farm. Ray lived in the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St on Tommy's subdivision. The Broombank homestead was over 80 years old and probably a restorer's delight as the real estate agents put it. Colin Williams, who showed me a photo of the building, told me that it was at the end of a 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd; When Ray Loft subdivided Broombank in 1952, he named the drive after his wife, Maggie (nee Millar.) The homestead was, of course, the old Lady of the Lake Hotel! John Cock told Colin's dad that it was haunted but this was not because Ellen O'Nial did not die.
Okay I'll fess up! Firstly, you probably wondered what this Burke and Landells business was. Landells, who organised the camels was second in charge but left in a huff. William Wright (not Tulip) was engaged to replace him but lingered at Menindee, thus causing the deaths of Burke, Wills and Gray.Secondly, Mrs Ellen O'Nial did not die, but Mrs Ellen Beaman , relict of the late David William O'Nial did. I thank the Broadmeadows rate collector for filling in the details regarding the owner of the 33/37 acres that John Cock was leasing, R.Beaman. Without this detail I would never have thought of googling Beaman.
Before moving onto a chronology with the aid of trove, I need to tell you about SPRINGS , which was given as the location of the Lady of the Lake. Springs was a very vague location, about as vague as Moonee Moonee Ponds, which is mentioned in my historical howlers journal. The fact that SPRINGS was on the way to both Keilor and Bulla made Isaac Batey think that Jack O'Nial may have also operated the Springfield Inn on Keilor Rd.Spring St, Tullamarine and Spring St, Niddrie are reminders of how vague the location name was.
By 1849 the name Springs was used to describe the location of Sandy Smith of "Norwood" (Melway 27 E2-3), James Laverty of "Spring Vale" (15 E9)and David O'Nial of the Lady of the Lake (5 H 11.)This obviously created confusion so by 1856 Bernard Cavenagh (sic, Kavanagh) of Springfield, James Collier (55 acres 2 roods and 3 perches comprising the northern part of the Niddrie quarry- east of Quinn Grove Reserve), Patrick Phelan of Spring Park (bisected by McNamara Ave)and Edward Fegan, operator of the North Pole Inn, were all described as living at Springfield. You might find something common to most of the farm names; they have spring as the first part of the name. Add to these James Robertson's Spring Hill, which became Aberfeldie!
Why a 10 year was issued for Leslie Park is beyond me, for by the end of 1842, land in the parish of Tullamarine was put up for alienation (purchase from the Crown.) William V.Leslie Foster received the grants for section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla on opposite sides of Sharps Rd and west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John Foster received the grant for 20 Doutta Galla,between Fosters Rd (Now Keilor Park Dr.) and the river, which was later called "Spring Farm" (The Argus, 29-11-1867 p.2). It is likely that the brothers called all of this land "The Springs" as by 1850 there was a school on it with "The Springs" used to describe its location. The name was also used to describe the Fosters' property in the case of a murder that took place on the road to Keilor in, I think, 1843.Why would they call their property "The Springs"?
The Fosters were early squatters, John Vasey Leslie Foster (later John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster) had challenged Dr Farquhar McCrae to a duel over the transfer of the Eumemmerring run (which accounts for Foster and McCrae Sts in the heart of Dandenong)and in 1840, John and his older brother, William, were given a 10 year lease on Leslie Park, which Sam Merrifield stated was located at Essendon. (Sam Merrifield, who was born in the old Wordsworth house on the south side of the Strathconnan Square/ Melrose Dr. corner, according to Harry Heaps,became a much loved member of parliament and historian; the Moonee Ponds Library is named after him.)
Back to the origin of the name. In the 1860 Geological Survey Map at a spot north of the present Camp Hill Park (Melway 15 J1) is written "a constant supply of excellent water." As the contours do not indicate a catchment, it must be assumed that the origin of the water was a spring.The water then flowed west one chain into section 3, curving south on the east side of the Spring St (Leo Dineen) Reserve and through the pedestrian access at the south end of the oval where it met another stream that originated north west of section 3 and flowed through what became Michael Reddan's "Brightview".It then joined the Steele chain of ponds at 15 F 7, which was set aside as a water reserve in the subdivision of 18A Doutta Galla.(Memorial 24734(2).)
Information about SPRINGS comes mainly from page 95 of my "Early Landowners;Parish of Doutta Galla."
LADY OF THE LAKE ON TROVE.(All from The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
16-4-1851. LICENCES.P. Donohue's application for the filthy Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed but that of D.W.O'Nial, Springs, was granted.
115-5-1852 p.2. An inquest into the death of Joseph Morgan, bullock driver was held at the Lady of the Lake Hotel.
19-4-1855 p.7, MISCELLANEOUS. The secretary of the Port Phillip Farmers'Society, A.E.McCracken advertised that body's annual ploughing match, to be held on the farm of Mr Beaman, Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek Rd, on 10th May. (The secretary was Alexander Earle McCracken of Butzbach, brother of Robert and Peter, who returned to Scotland in 1857 due to his wife's poor health. See the J.T.Smith and his electors journal.)
26-5-1855 p.4, BIRTHS. At the Lady of the Lake Hotel on the 23rd, the wife of Richard Beaman of a son.
13-11-1856 p.5. INSOLVENT COURT. In re Richard Beaman. The official assignee elected to abandon the property over which Mr Foster held security. This was almost certainly the Lady of the Lake. The northern part of Foster's section 3, east of Melrose Drive, was bounded on the east by today's Mickleham Rd to a point just north of Londrew Court. Up to 1952, It contained only two properties, Broombank and the land associated with the Junction Hotel that became known as the Junction Hotel. The rest of the northern 240 acres (west of Melrose Dr.) can be accounted for: Charles Nash ("Bayview" of 109 1/2 acres) and smaller blocks owned by Nash and George Mounsey, J.F.Blanche (teacher at the Wesleyan school at the Cherie St bend), Thomas Purvis, John Wright and Ann Parr. They were all Wesleyans.
15-4-1865 p.5. W.J.O'Nial was given a 30 yard start in the half mile handicap and was also entered in the sack race over 80 yards at the Melbourne Amateur Athletic Sports on the Melbourne Cricket Ground. He might have been David's son or nephew.
20-2-1875 p.1, MARRIAGES. On 9-11-1874 at St Patrick's Cathedral, Charles John, the only son of Richard Beaman Esq., Collingwood to Elizabeth Neil, second surviving daughter of Andrew Knox Esq. late of Edinburgh.As Charles was an only son, he may have been the boy whose birth was reported on 26-5-1855. It's a pity that the mother's name was not mentioned in these notices and that I don't remember the address of the owner of "Broombank" in 1867 when John Cock started leasing it so that I could state with certainty that Richard was the new owner of "Broombank"circa 1855 and Charles his newborn, and only, son. I just did a genealogy search for Charles John Beaman and found something that must be corrected; I am starting a BEAMAN/O'NIAL journal. Be back soon.
How things have changed! I would not imagine many widows today would tie the knot again if anything they inherited from their late husband automatically became the property of their new husband (read "master".) And how many mothers today would be happy with a birth notice that is no reward for nine months of labour and the pain , and probable death, during delivery? How is the 26-5-1855 notice any different from this imagined birth notice?
BIRTH. McNAB. On 5-5-1851, the cow of John McNab Esq. of Oakbank of a male calf. In fact such a notice would have mentioned that the mother's name was Oakbank Annie, the first Ayrshire in the colony.
23-12-1884 p.1.DEATH. On the 21st at her residence, Clyde Terrace,Collingwood, Ellen Theresa, the dearly beloved wife of Richard Beaman and relict of the late David William O'Nial, an old colonist of 43 years standing.
ADD NEW SURNAMES!!!
THE BEECH TREE. (Melway 5 G10, opposite 322 Melrose Dr.)This was destroyed by fire in 1892 (The Argus 2-2-1892, page 4) but was rebuilt, serving its patrons (mainly drovers such as Noah Holland) for three more decades. The Melrose Drive or Tullamarine Reserve was originally Noah Holland's 6 acre property but was enlarged with the addition of Handlen's acre block on the north. Hopefully this reserve will soon be called the Rasmussen Reserve to honour Tullamarine's much loved teacher from 1909 and Progress Association Secretary (1924-1954)who was responsible for its acquisition and donation to Broadmeadows Shire.
EXTRACTS FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.
The Beech Tree Hotel was closed in 1911 with Mrs Ivy Fleming probably being the last licensee. John Beech originally had a store in 1853 but by 1865 Balls were being held at the hotel, probably in the “billiards room” in which volunteers were given send offs to the First World War. The Beech Tree was a haunt of drovers and Noah Holland would meet them there to guide them to Newmarket Saleyards. See Tullamarine on Trove, last page.
(Andrew Lemon, Coles’ Hotel Records, Harry Peck.)
BEECH TREE HOTEL.
5-11-1855. (Page 8, last column) A draught horse had been stolen and a reward for its return could be collected at the Lamb Inn in Melbourne or the Beech Tree hotel in Deep Creek Road. This is the earliest reference I have seen to the hotel; the previous earliest being a reference to a Ball in 1860 from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records. Bulla was called Deep Creek for a while because of Tulip Wright’s Deep Creek Inn near the causeway that he built. (Bulla Bulla I.W.Symonds.)
24-2-1860. John Beech placed a notice for W.Williams to see him at the hotel about some good news.
13-2-1861. (page 8) The hotel was advertised for lease.
24-1-1874. ( Page 1, 1st column, DEATHS.) Notice of the death of James Tenniel at the Beech Tree Hotel on the 23rd. there is also a funeral notice. If I remember correctly, James had been a policeman in Broadmeadows Township in its early days. He had run the hotel for some time (1868 Keilor Rates.)
25-11-1884. (Page 3, last column, FATAL SHOOTING ACCIDENT.) Edward Alford, who had been working for Robert McDougal on Arundel (Section 1) for a short time was accidentally shot and died. His body was taken to the Beech Tree Hotel where an inquest would be held.
2-2-1892. (Page 6.) Late last night the Beech Tree Hotel at Tullamarine was completely destroyed by fire. It must have been rebuilt quickly. Keilor Shire assessed William F.Katchell in 1890, Max Rosenberg in 1891, Buggy and Fontana in 1892 and A.Huxtable in 1893. (Tullamarine: Before The Jetport Ray Gibb.)
23-3-1910. (Page 2, column 2, 1st item.) The hotel, with the 57 acres on which it was situated, was being sold on the instructions of James Holbery (who had owned it for quite a while.) Its description is excellent. Of special significance was the billiard room (30x18 feet) in which the Tullamarine community farewelled its soldiers during WW1. Ivy Jackson was leasing the hotel. Three years later, Marion Wilson, who was running the post office (almost opposite Derby St), was also assessed on a hall (the old billiard room.)
2-7-1919. (Page 2, 7th item.) The property is described again as it is sold as part of the estate of the late S.D.Kinnear.
THE INVERNESS. (Melway 177 H11, intersection of flight path and Perimeter Rd.)
SEE SEPARATE JOURNAL ABOUT THE LAST DAYS OF THIS HOTEL AND ITS PENNY POLE WHICH FINISHED UP AS A STORY OF ITS WHOLE 111 YEAR HISTORY BEFORE IT CLOSED AT THE END OF 1964. I BET HENRY KENNEDY WAS FROM INVERNESS!
For the hotels between Oaklands Junction and the Lancefield turn off before Goonawarra, I am relying on memory.
Hang on, no I don't, now that I have my 2500 page, handwritten DHOTAMA. But I will have to type the text, which will take some time. However, I will attach the page on which I have plotted the locations of the Bulla hotels. The map also tells me where the Hillary drowning tragedy took place (as described in NAMES IN A LIST AIN'T MUCH GOOD.) See if you can work it out, ignoring the north-south mentioned at the inquest.
David Milburn of Keilor is officially recognised as the first irrigator in Victoria. (Victorian Year Book 1973.)
As I am about to gain access to DHOTAMA, much information will then follow but in the meantime, readers might care to google "David Milburn, irrigator" and see what pops up. The first irrigating was done on his original purchase, Grange Farm, about which details will be supplied when I can access the Grange Farm entry in the dictionary history.
One of the pioneering families connected by marriage with the Milburns is the Tate family of Pleasant Vale which occupied the western side of Tullamarine Island, (subdivided by J.P.Fawkner)and extended across Jacksons Creek into the parish of Holden where the Tate children attended school after the Tullamarine Island school on Bulla Park closed. (Tullamarine Island is between Deep Creek and Jacksons Creek with Loemans Rd providing access.)The Pleasant Vale homestead was accessed via Cooper Rd and was directly in line with McLeods Rd across Jacksons Creek in the parish of Holden.
While the history of the Milburns revolved mainly around market gardening (orchards with peaches a Keilor specialty until the Spanish invasion of Borrell, Vert and Cuartero introduced crops of cauliflowers, tomatoes etc), it might surprise even the Milburns that David Milburn had Mrs Kilburn's 400 acre ("Fairview"x) "Fairfield" in about 1880.It is likely that this property,north of Sharps Rd and west of Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine, was used by David for hay growing or grazing. It was later owned by another pioneer of the Keilor area, James Harrick, before being divided into Brightview and Dalkeith.
This journal springs from another journal entitled JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS. Thomas Bertram was mentioned there in regard to establishing the location of Glengyle, occupied by the Guthries in 1851 and Thomas by 1854. Glengyle, which Thomas Bertram apparently renamed as Ellengowan, was in the horseshoe bend of the Maribyrnong River occupied by Browns Rd, Keilor (Melway 14 G2.)The ramp leading down to Bertram's Ford went through Ellengowan. THE BERTRAM NAME WILL REMAIN IN KEILOR FOLKLORE AS LONG AS THERE IS A MILBURN, BROWN OR MANSFIELD."DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD" IS ONE OF THE POEMS IN RAY GIBB'S 1989 HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE ENTITLED "WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR".
Thomas's wife seems to have been a Campbell and was possibly related to the true original owner of "Arundel", section 1, parish of Tullamarine.K.B.Keeley stated in his architectural thesis on Arundel (supplied to me by Tony Cockram, the owner of Arundel Farm circa 1990)that he believed that Richard Hanmer Bunbury obtained the Grant on behalf of COLIN CAMPBELL who was the owner from 1843 until 1851(See the SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS journal.)
It is possible that Colin Campbell named section 1 Glengyle and retained the Browns Rd area when he sold the rest of the property. It is also possible that the Guthries rented the farm from him until they could obtain their grants near Sunbury and that Glengyle was then occupied by an in-law, namely Thomas Bertram. The perpetuation of the name COLIN CAMPBELL as given names provides evidence that that the Thomas Bertram living in Caulfield when his son, Colin Campbell Bertram married in 1892 was indeed the same Thomas Bertram who lived at Ellegowan, Keilor and Victoria Bank, Brunswick.There is a huge gap in the TROVE chronology below so it is hard to determine when the Bertram family left Ellengowan, but I think I know why the family moved.
In the 1880's a railway to Bulla was proposed. The alternative routes were along Bulla Rd and up the east bank of the Maribyrnong River. G.W. Taylor and Marks Herman bought much land along Bulla Rd and the Essendon Tramway and Land Company bought much land along the river. The Crottys on "Broomfield" and David Mansfield sold their land but when the bust came they regained it as well as pocketing part payments,the former building a new homestead on the Honda site in Sharps Rd and the latter building "Roseleigh" near the western end of the Melbourne Airport Runway. I would say that Thomas Bertram moved to Willow Bank just before 1886. I believe that William Taylor of "Overnewton" bought the land from Thomas with the aroma of profits in his nostrils. The Arundel Closer Settlement on the Overnewton Estate, of which Ellengowan was part, was subdivided in 1906.
Thomas moved from Keilor to East Brunswick or North Fitzroy and became the close neighbour of T.J.Sumner of Stony Park. Thomas Bertram must have sold "Willowbank" to Sumner soon after his sister Jean died there in 1888 (at the height of the land boom)as the Fitzroy Press of 27-9-1889 (page 2) refers to the Summer (sic!) Willow Bank Estate in Northcote at the North Fitzroy tram terminus (a stone's throw from Willowbank Rd and Ida St, the house being located in the latter at Melway 30 C10.)Sumner's mansion was just across Glenlyon St where we see Sumner St and Peers St; Peers was his wife's maiden name. Sumner was granted the huge Annesleigh Estate in the parishes of Frankston and Moorooduc between Sumner Rd (Melway 106 D7) and 147 A6, and was a relative and business partner of the Grice family of Sunnyside (Melway 105 A7.)It is likely that Thomas moved to Caulfield in late 1888 or early 1889.
The following information comes from TROVE.(A= The Argus.)
Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell Esq. of Callis, Coll, Argyleshire, Scotland, died at 7 a.m. on 14-4-1854 at the residence of Thomas Bertram Esq., Glengyle, near Keilor (A.15-4-1854 p.4.)
On 29-5-1858 a daughter was born to the wife of Thomas Bertram at Ellengowan (A.5-6-1858 p.4.)
On 4-3-1860, at Ellengowan, Keilor, the wife of Thomas Bertram Esq. gave birth to a daughter.(A.9-3-1860 p.4.)
The year, 1865 was not kind to the Bertrams. Young Andrew died in April and David, possibly a young man, died in May. Andrew George Thomas, the second son of Mr Thomas Bertram died on 9-4-1865 at Ellengowan, Keilor, aged 12 (A. 11-4-1865 p.4.) Andrew George Thomas Bertram is recorded as dying at Ellengowan in 1865 on freepages.genealogy.com, which also states that his parents were Thomas and Ann (nee Campbell.) This confirms my suspicion that Thomas had married a Campbell.
"The funeral of the late Mr David Bertram of Keilor will leave No.8 Elizabeth St north today at noon." (A.17-5-1865 p.8.) This David could have been the young man named David Bertram who was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital with severe internal injuries about six weeks earlier (A. 1-4-1865 p.5.)
There were two other men named David Bertram, one a Carlton resident who chaired a rowdy Separation (of Carlton from Melbourne) meeting (A. 14-8-1883 p.9) and a dairyman of 8 Oakover Rd, Preston (A.4-2-1909 p.8.)As family members later lived at Heidelberg and these two areas are near Brunswick/Northcote, there could have been some connection with the Keilor-Fitzroy-Caulfield crew.Also possibly related was Thomas E. Bertram who died in 1955 (A.26-1-1955 p.14.) and whose wife (nee Littlejohn) gave birth to a daughter at Newmarket (30-1-1904 p.9.)
The marriage of A.H.Borthwick and Annette Marie Stuart, the second daughter of Thomas Bertram, late of Ellengowan, Keilor, took place on 21-7-1886 at Willow Bank, BRUNSWICK, the residence of the bride's parents
Thomas Bertram's sister, Jean, relict of the late William Fish of Churnside,Berwickshire, Scotland died on
31-3-1888 at Willowbank, NORTH FITZROY (A.2-4-1888 p.1.) She was buried at Keilor cemetery.
The happiness of a marriage was soon followed by a death at their new home in Caulfield. COLIN CAMPBELL, the eldest son of Thomas Bertram, Caulfield, was married on 19-2-1892 to Emmeline Bessie, elder daughter of Captain Charles H.Hall of H.M. 40th Regiment.(A. 7-3-1892 p.1.)
Anna McLean, the wife of Thomas Bertram died at Arthur St, Caulfield on 17-4-1892 (A.18-4-1892.)I suspect that Anna's maiden name was Campbell and that her mother's maiden name was McLean.
Annette Marie Stuart (Ettie)Borthwick,younger daughter of the late Thomas Bertram, who had married at Willowbank , Brunswick in 1886,and given birth to a daughter there on 5-9-1888 (Gippsland Times 5-9-1888 p. 3) died at her residence, Melrose, Mount St, Heidelberg, (A. 26-7-1921 p. 1.) The birth notice in 1888 indicates that the Bertrams noted in Gippsland (Traralgon, Sale?) were related to Thomas. The firm of Little and Borthwick conducted horse sales in many Gippsland towns. Whether these Borthwicks were descendants of Sir Thomas Borthwick (born 1798) who utilised the new refrigerated ships to set up a huge business importing meat from New Zealand and then Australia is not clear. The house in Heidelberg was probably so-named because Ettie's husband, Alexander Hay Borthwick, was from Melrose, Roxburghshire,in Scotland.William Borthwick of Maffra who died in 1883 seems to have been Alexander's brother (A.10-7-1883 p.1.)
Ettie's sister, Alice (daughter of Thomas and Ann Bertram of Keilor) apparently did not marry and also died at Melrose. Her death notice (A. 26-12-1935 p. 1) provides proof that Colin Campbell Bertram,was her brother.
The poem, "Death At Bertram's Ford" and John Milburn's photo of the ford may be added to this journal later.
Miss Alice Beatrice Bertram, of Mel-
rose, Mount street, Heidelberg, died at
her home on Christmas eve. She was the
daughter of the late Mr. ThomasBertram,
who came to Australia in 1849, and who
with his brother, Mr. John Bertram, was
closely associated with the developments
of the pastoral industry in the 'fifties and
'sixties. Mr. Thomas Bertram was the
first man sworn in in the Victorian
Defence Force during the Crimean War.
His commission was signed by Sir Henry
Barkly, and the "No. 1" sword that was
issued to him at the time was in the
possession of Miss Bertram at the time of
her death. Miss Bertram was born at
Keilor 77 years ago. She learnt singing
under Madame Christian, and she sang
in the choir associated with the Melbourne
Exhibition of 1888. During the 21 years
in which she lived in Heidelberg she
unostentatiously associated herself with
many charities. Her brother, Mr. Colin
Campbell Bertram, who was a station
manager and station owner in Queens-
land, also lives at Melrose, Heidelberg.
(P.9, Argus, 26-12-1935.)
Some specimens from Ellangowan,
near Keilor, show Mr. Bertram to have re-
tained his knack as a cultivator, and also
show how propitious the season has bson.
These are exhibited at Messrs, Ltw and
Somner's shop, and are really splendid.
Prairie grass 1B shown standing between seven
and eight feet high, the stalks strong and
succulent, and the well formed ears full'of
seed. It is thought the crop will yield some-
thing about fifty bushels of seed to the acre.
Heretofore the seed of this grass has been
costly, but in fature, so much of it has boon
raised this year, the price is likely to be
moderate, in which case it is dosorvlng of the
attention of all improving farmers. Italian
rye grass, also from Ellangowan, measures
seven feet, and the common perennial rye
grass about four feet.(P. 1s,Argus,8-12-1866.)
Ellangowan was sold in 1867 for L 2016.
(P.4, Argus, 6-7-1867.)
Hopefully the attachment will attach. It looks as if St Salvadore Alfred Case died while living in the house (once at present Nos. 14-16) that had been occupied by two of the area's early private schools. The attachment is page 35 of Ray Gibb's "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla", sourced from his "Ardmillan" which resulted from extensive research of directories and rate records and gave information of every old house in the street, including Peter McCracken's mansion which stood on present Nos. 33-39, and the Chinese garden on Bailey's paddock. Case built "Rosina".
The Essendon Historical Society would probably have photos of the Sydenham and Blinkbonnie Ladies's colleges that were run in the house that stood on Nos.14-16.
It looks as if the attachment is not accepted. tonkin,If you send me a private email, I could post it to you.