itellya on Family Tree Circles
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WE WANT LAND!
Just think,this letter was written at Pascoe Vale.
THE BEST WAY TO ESTABLISH A COLONIAL YEOMANRY.
Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1847 - 1851) Tuesday 21 August 1849 Edition: MORNING p 1 Article.
My time researching in the Titles Office showed me how much land was in the hands of a very small number of people. Many of the gold miners had been farmers, a large number of them having been tenant farmers in Ireland. They did not have the money to buy the large crown allotments that became available when parishes had been surveyed. In the parish of Will Will Rook,north of J.P.Fawkner's Belle Vue grant a huge area of land was bought by speculators, Hughes and Hosking, and later became part of the Kennedy estate.Much land in the parishes of Tullamarine and Bulla was alienated in square mile blocks.
Later land acts tried to prevent big landowners from obtaining so much land in grants but the use of dummies, and possibly loopholes enabled James Hearn, W.A.Blair, Charles Gavan Duffy, James Ford, James Purves, the Cains and Professor Hearn to buy huge tracts of land between Balcombe Creek's mouth and Portsea on the Mornington Peninsula for example.
Former squatter he may have been, but John Pascoe Fawkner had a great affection for yoeman farmers. He made a plea to the government to help them obtain freeholds in 1839, and a decade later he was sick and tired of the lack of action. You must read the letter. When Townships were established, suburban blocks were provided,but often multiple blocks were snapped up by such as Frederick Dawes Wickham at Horseshoe Bend near Keilor and William Allison Blair at Rye.
The only real efforts to establish closer settlement that came from Government were caused by the 1890's depression and the aftermath of war. The first effort was probably an attempt to remove beggars from the city (as one does before the Olympic Games are conducted!) Village settlements gave these people a chance to be self-sufficient and to pay off their land on easy terms.
After world war 1 an obligation to servicemen led to the establishment of soldier settlements in many areas.
By the 1930 depression the government probably decided it was easier to put the unemployed on susso projects such as Coburg Lake and the Great Ocean Road.Father Tucker's village settlement at Carrum Downs is discussed in my GORDON BOYINGTON journal.
However it was mainly the death of big landowners and the burden of death duties that caused many big landowners, such as Sir Rupert Clarke of Rupertswood and the family of William Taylor of Overnewton at Keilor, to ask the Crown to resume their huge estates. The Closer Settlement Acts circa 1900 finally achieved what John Pascoe Fawkner started in 1850, shortly after he wrote the letter,at the top of today's Oak Park Court;to give people the chance to buy their own small farms, not because they were out of a job or they had served King and Country but as a right.
Tulip Wright (section 3 Bulla) and Charles Gavan Duffy (the Irish Land Rights hero) did subdivide their grant fairly early but I doubt that their motives were as pure as good old J.P.F.,THE CHAMPION OF THE YOEMAN FARMER AND CLOSER SETTLEMENT.
Details of the many pieces of land bought by J.P.Fawkner on behalf of his co-operative members are given in several other of my journals.
ALEC. RASMUSSEN,TULLAMARINE, 1909- CIRCA 1929.
Alec Rasmussen transferred from Couangault, south of Gisborne,to Tullamarine S.S.2613 in 1909 and taught there for nearly twenty years. His picnics at Alexander McCracken's Cumberland(probably for his pupils but involving the whole community)were just a small part of his service to Tullamarine. Alec was spoken of in such glowing terms, at the 1989 and 1998 Tullamarine reunions, by every one of his former pupils, that I became infected. My attempts to have the Tullamarine Reserve in Melrose Drive, which the community gained because of Alec, has failed but I hope to have a playground on that reserve or nearby named after him.
MR. HARDIMAN,GRADE 4, ASCOT VALE STATE SCHOOL, CIRCA 1951.
The old Social Studies course started with the family with horizons expanding every year,Grade 5 studying Australia. The Grade 4 focus was on the local community. Kidding Mr Hardiman didn't get me fired up with his stories about the past. If he hadn't, I wouldn't be writing my journals. I thought of him and decided to write this journal a few nights ago. Mr Hardiman explained that Bank St,in which the school is still situated,got its name from the bank on the Mount* Rd corner which was built during the gold rush. I vaguely remember seeing 1869 on the bank and naturally concluded that it was not the original bank building. What I found the other night was an article about the E.S.&A. bank being built on the site of a hay and corn store in (1869?) I've spent an hour trying to find it again,to no avail.
Without the resources available today, Mr Hardiman's mistake can be understood, and his slight debit on this account is completely outweighed by the love of history that he engendered in me.
MR (KEVIN?) GOOD, ASCOT VALE STATE SCHOOL,CIRCA 1952 and 1961.
Phrases, clauses, similes,etc. seemed strange stuff when Mr Good introduced them but I picked them up.He must have done a good job because, blow me down, he was the English lecturer at Melbourne Teachers' College when I arrived. And the first thing he did was to administer a Grammar test.Guess who blitzed the field.
MR WILLIAMS, KENSINGTON STATE SCHOOL, CIRCA 1952. Bagpipes.
After Dad died we moved to Kensington and attended school there from the start of third term (early September.)
If the class worked hard and behaved well,Mr Williams would perform his party trick,playing the bagpipes on his violin. I don't remember much else,but we were extremely industrious angels!
GEORGE MURRAY,UNI HIGH,1950'S. Umpiring,dedication.
By RON CARTER
Daryl Foster had the laugh on his University High
School teacher George Murray yesterday.
During school hours George is chief, but on the
cricket field it's everyone for himself.
Daryl plays district cricket with Essendon, and
Murray is Footscray pennant team's captain-coach.
For more than a season Daryl, a medium-pace
bowler, has been trying to get George's wicket in a
They met again yesterday in a U.H.S. firsts versus
the seconds and teachers, and Daryl got his wish . . .
he had'George caught at point.
Although it wasn't a pennant match it was still
a terrific "kick" for young Daryl.
, [In the picture above Daryl Foster (centre) smiles
as his teacher, George Murray (left walks back to the
pavilion after falling victim to his 16-year-old pupil.
George Karanichols (right), another University High
student, who is in St. Kilda's pennant team, also
thought it was a "great joke."] (P.18, Argus,3-11-1955.)
George K.(see below*) was just one of the Uni. High lads who benefited from George Murray's refinement of their natural talent. Tony Leigh,whom I brilliantly leg glanced for 4 in a house match (snicked with my eyes closed in absolute fear), played under George Murray at Footscray. Arthur K. also made the grade in cricket a few years later and I think he also played footy for North Melbourne.
*The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 16 February 1955 Section: SPORTING SECTION p 2 Article about George K. making the St Kilda 1sts aged 15 and some of the other Uni High teenagers also playing at the top level. Daryl Foster was later the W.A. state coach for many years.
MURRAY INWOOD (MELBOURNE TEACHERS' COLLEGE.)
The Commanding Officer-Faraday St. Donkey Serenade.
Murray didn't teach me, being a fellow student at teachers' college, but I would have loved to be in his class; it would have been fun! I knew him well, being in the same group and sitting next to him in the tenor section of the choir. A Korean War vet., Murray was well established (at Maribyrnong I think) and threw parties for the members of our group. At every one, Murray would be badgered until he sang The Donkey Serenade,which was just made for his superb voice.
At the start of our second year, the whisper went around to stay on the second floor and keep a lookout. The bell rang and the new students gathered in the assembly area outside. Suddenly a commanding voice started barking orders to straighten lines,improve posture and so on. Stifled sniggers from upstairs seemed about to give the game away but when the column was marched, to Murray's "left, right" across Swanston St to the old Faraday State School, we laughed our heads off.
PETER DUNLEAVEY, KENSINGTON STATE SCHOOL, CIRCA 1968. Aug. 22.
During the 1960's, Kensington changed considerably. The flats overlooking the South Ken. flat, now Holland Park, had brought more disadvantaged families into the area, many struggling to learn a new language. When Bryan Quirk of Carlton Football Club had his jaw broken in a game, I took over the coaching of the cricket team. The boys loved our after school practice sessions, the same later with footy, and it was then that I discovered how many of the children were latch-key children; they arrived home to an empty house because both parents were working.One of the boys, Kevin,was so disturbed that he took to one of his parents with an axe and he was just one of many troubled children. It was depressing so a bit of levity would not go astray.
We locked the deputy principal and the infant mistress in the tiny strongroom in the first production of the big brother house. But the funniest thing ever was Peter Dunleavey's classic impromptu one -liner.
The staff kitchen was separate from the staff room and if you had forgotten cutlery,you had to go back to get it. I think the sick bay was between the two rooms. One day I'd heated my lunch but had forgotten the cutlery. When I returned,my lunch was missing. My colleagues kindly showed me where it was,in my locked classroom! You guessed it,my key had also disappeared from the staff room table.
On the Friday before my wedding, I was looking after two grades (of 36 or more),Maureen Ginifer being away and relieving teachers unheard of, when Peter came down and said that Quirky needed to see me. He wasn't in his room (his grade being probably at Art and Craft)so Peter said that he was probably in the staff room. As we walked past the sick bay two figures emerged like lightning to assist Peter in his dastardly purpose. I breathed a sigh of relief when I found they were only going to tie me up; far better than the usual buck's night prank.
I'd almost untied myself when a check by my assailants found the bonds needed attention. That had just been done when a girl from Maureen's class asked Peter if I was in the sick bay. "Yes,but he's tied up at the moment!" Ya gotta laugh!
WON'T SUBMIT. TRIED TO ADD AS COMMENTS ON EARLY SYDNEY RDS JOURNAL AND HERE, A TOTAL OF ABOUT 10 TRIES. SO FRUSTRATING! WILL TRY LATER.
By deleting William Smith's 1850 advertisement for the ORIGINAL Old Queen Inn at PASCOEVALE,which mentions the link to the new line of road near Somerton Inn,and some of my commentary, I was able to post the arguments for Cliffords Rd being the link in comments under my journal about EARLY ROADS TO SYDNEY. The whole, and a similar discussion about the early route to Geelong (fords, punts, bridges)has been posted on facebook,entitled EARLY ROADS OUT OF MELBOURNE.
I prefer to post my research on family tree circles, so it is more accessible to family historians, but instead of wasting days trying to submit, I might have to use the facebook option more often (when such frustration sets in.) Private message me if you would like to see my facebook posts, which are all about history.
THE CITY OF KEILOR RATES FEW MENTIONS IN A GOOGLE SEARCH. IT WILL NOW.
"In July 1975, when Keilor Council was sacked, and an administrator appointed,it was the first council to get the axe in the 133 years of local government in Victoria. (COUNCIL SACKINGS MAY GAIN FAVOUR, P.9, The Age,23-3-1981.)
Keilor was first incorporated as a road district on 3 March 1863. It became a shire on 22 December 1871, and was proclaimed a city on 29 April 1961. Its boundaries were relatively stable throughout its existence.
On 15 December 1994, the City of Keilor was abolished, and its area divided by the Maribyrnong River and the Albion-Jacana freight railway line; its eastern section was merged with the City of Essendon, to form the newly created City of Moonee Valley, while its western section was merged with parts of the City of Sunshine, including St Albans, to form the newly created City of Brimbank. Melbourne Airport and a small section of Tullamarine, north of Sharps Road, were transferred to the City of Hume.
The City of Keilor was divided into three wards, each electing three councillors:
Doutta Galla-Tullamarine Ward
Melbourne Airport (shared with the Shire of Bulla)
St Albans (shared with the City of Sunshine)
* Suburb gazetted since the amalgamation. (Wikipedia.)
The Keilor district celebrated three milestones and souvenirs were published for each, relying on anecdotes from old residents in 1950, but if my memory is correct,most of the 1961 and 1963 content was compiled by Garnet Price,the City Engineer, who obviously had a love for the area's history. Garnet had moved to Sunshine,I think, before the sacking, with Bill Carlyle now the City Engineer.
The celebrations were:
1950-Centenary of the proclamation of the Village of Keilor;
1961-Proclamation of the City of Keilor;
1863-Centenary of the municipality's beginnings as a Road Board.
I will start with the years before the sacking because I know that I will find plenty of information up to the 1950's on trove. You will find the following nowhere else.
The city's accountant was Charlie Nicholls, who with Cr Leo Dineen had been on the V.F.L. umpiring list and was one of the first council officers to whom Leo introduced me upon my election in 1974. His son, Matthew, is now a senior A.F.L. umpire and officiated in the 2013 grand final.
The Tullamarine Progress Association had good support from Keilor councillors,Leo Dineen attending almost every meeting and Cliff Harvie many times but not as regularly because he was a stalwart of the Tullamarine Youth Club held in the same esteem as Ken Boots,Dave Axon, Trev. and Val Mason etc., in the mind of those who knew. A year or two before the sacking, the members of the municipal employees' union involved in collecting garbage went on strike.
Residents forced out of tip [coming soon]
The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Monday 12 November 1973 p 3 Article
... hundreds of residents out of the Keilor tip yester day after locked gates were cut open by two councillors. The two councillors used bolt cutters to allow about 250 residents to dump rubbish on the tip. The striking men, mem bers of the Municipal Employees Union, made some people carry their rubbish ... 136 words
Bins were full to overflowing and full of maggots, surrounded by garbage bags torn open by dogs and also full of maggots. I rang the M.E.U. secretary,a Mr Cole,I think,and gained his permission to collect Tullamarine's rubbish and take it to the tip. With the support of Carol Wright and many other volunteers, and Dave Calder's truck,this was done. There was a situation when we arrived at the tip, but it was soon resolved and the stinky mess was dumped. Judging by the above article,other areas did not have the same luck. I would not know which councillors cut the chains. I hadn't read the article of course,not having the Canberra Times home-delivered!
(It would not surprise me if one of them was blind!)
My memory is slipping because I can only remember eleven of the councillors at the time of the sacking,it might have been JIM Allen. The Tullamarine ward was represented by Leo Dineen,Leo Tadgell and Ray Gibb, Doutta Galla Ward by Neil Heinze, Neville Free and Peter Horman, Niddrie Ward by Nancy and Peter Kirschner and Dom. Cavallo,the Mayor,and Maribyrnong by George Seitz,Eric Allen and ?. (That was the missing one, not Jim Allen, a former councillor after whom was named a reserve that still exists because I was not a wheeler-dealer despite Eric Allen's efforts to make me one. Politics!
TO BE CONTINUED when I finish farms near Tulla and William Smith.(KEILOR PARK REP., UNUSUAL SPLIT, KELLY V PRICE)
CONNOR, MCNAB, WILLIAMS, HEAPS, LLOYD, BLACKWELL, REDDAN, NASH, LEWIS, PARR, WALDOCK, SMITH, SNOWBALL, SWAN, TAYLOR,BOYD, ROBINSON, BEALE, FULLARTON, MORRIS, FAWKNER,DUHY, CURRY, CROOKE, MILLAR, McINTYRE, DUTTON,MORAN, HENDERSON,COX, COLLIER, MORGAN,STEELE,JOHNSON, THOMAS,McNAMARA, LAVERTY, McCORMACK,BRANNIGAN, REDDAN,GRIST, COCK, LOFT, O'NIAL,RIDDELL,HAMILTON,HOWSE,McDOUGALL,BUTLER,GREEN,KILBURN, RORKE,BEAMAN,MOUNSEY,BLANCHE, CAMPBELL, DENHAM, MILBURN,HURREN,GILBERTSON, DOYLE,MURPHY,FOX,GERAGHTY, HENDRY, MANSFIELD,DONOVAN, SPIERS, ELLIS,LOCKHART,BREES,PETER, ROWE,HANDLEN,WILLIAMS,TENNIEL,SAGE,JUDD, GOODWIN,PURVIS,HOLLAND,SEELEY