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NEIL MANSFIELD, JOHN SHORTEN AND BULLA, VIC., AUST.

These two men have been mentioned before in my journals but I wish to pay tribute to their dedication to our history and willingness to take on huge projects. John accomplished the huge task of scanning and digitising the 2500 handwritten pages of "Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around" and Neil wrote the 600+ page "The David Mansfield Story", while at the same time working together to improve the records for Bulla Cemetery. As I found myself when transcribing some grave inscriptions there, their job would have been difficult, as it would be at many cemeteries, because of the senseless vandalism that had taken place. Our little triangle is still in place with John recently sending DHOTAMA to Neil. Rosebud must be a little harder for Australia Post to find but I am expecting my copy today.

Neil has recently finished detailed records for the Briagalon and Bulla Cemeteries.See details below.

Thanks for the correction - I've just made the alterations. This is one good thing about making this public - I have other people helping me to find the mistakes. My mind goes blank after a while and I can't see errors whilst looking straight at them.

Bulla cemetery is now on-line - see it at:

http://www.ozgenonline.com/~nhm_cemeteries/Bulla_Cemetery/

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE TO BE SPLIT INTO SMALL PARTS.

The list of surnames in a journal indicates that one of them might belong to your family. The rhymes journal at the moment has a surname list for only the first couple of pages and the complete list would be at least 10 times as long (if they could be fitted in!)
Once you find that your surname is included in the list, you need to find out if the reference concerns a member of your family. Without an index to assist your search for the reference, this could waste a lot of your time,especially when this journal is about 40 pages long already, so I will try to break it into parts so that all surnames mentioned are listed and each part is only a few pages long.
The two problems mentioned above would not affect people reading journals out of general interest, so the original journal will be left as is so they can read the lot without having to go from one journal to another.
The smaller journals will be entitled TULLAMARINE RHYMES followed by the poem's name and if there is significant genealogical or other detail about a particular family, its surname, in brackets, will be included in the title.

For example STREETS AND ROADS,which contains much information about the Johnsons would be entitled:
TULLAMARINE RHYMES, STREETS AND ROADS,(JOHNSON).

Another reason for breaking journals into smaller parts is that more than one image can then be provided.

THE HOBSONS OF DAREBIN CREEK, KANGERONG, ROSEBUD,TOOTGAROOK, KENSINGTON, TARWIN AND TRARALGON, VIC, AUST.

As local histories ignore details not pertaining to the area of discussion, Lime Land Leisure and On the Road to Rosebud focused mainly on Edward Hobson being on Kangerong and moving to the Tootgarook Run before the former became Jamieson's Special Survey.
This pioneer's full name was Edward William Hobson, not William as the DISCOVER THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA website states. The runs held by him were: on the Darebin Creek (early 1837, see below), Kangerong (1837, see below), Tootgarook (not specified, until 1850 according to Hollinshed) Wooloowoolooboolook (1850-1850 according to Hollinshed, see George Smith below), Tarwin Meadows (1843-January 1845), Traralgon (occupied August 1844-Early 1853.See origin of Traralgon's name in comments under my ABORIGINAL VOCABULARY journal.)

The two Mornington Peninsula histories give the impression that Edward Hobson moved to Gippsland after he had sold the Tootgarook Run lease to James (and Peter!) Purves. The above shows that he was in Gippsland beforehand. As Edward's brother, Edmund, who held the licence for the Traralgon run, did not visit the run until 1847, Edward would have had to be there instead of at Tootgarook. This confirms Charles Hollinshed's belief that Purves might have been managing Tootgarook for Hobson.

Soon after Owen Cain arrived on the peninsula in about 1844, his four year old daughter went missing and was found near-dead four days later. Rescuers had been near where she was found but she didn't call out, thinking the searchers might be aborigines. She was taken to the Wooloowoolooboolook Run homestead (reckoned to be on the Cape Schanck road, six miles from his Arthurs Seat homestead, by young McCrae, which I calculate to be near Pattersons Rd) where George Smith's wife nursed her back to health. In his "Beautiful Dromana" of 1927, Spencer Jackson stated that George's wife was related to Captain Hobson of the Rattlesnake , after whom I presume Hobsons Bay near Melbourne was named. It would be a reasonable assumption that this made George Smith a relative of Edward Hobson too. Young McCrae's estimation of distances must have been astray as Patterson Rd in Fingal would have been in the Boniyong or Cape Schanck runs. James Purves received grants totaling 414 acres south of Hiscock Rd and west of (Old) Cape Schanck Rd (Melway 169 J 8-9 to 170 D8-9) so Wooloowoolooboolook was more likely in that vicinity.
I was going to mention that Hobsons Rd, Kensington (Melway 42 G-H3)might be connected with these Hobsons. As a matter of fact, it certainly was! For that reason, I will paste an extract from my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla".
ALLOTMENT 22.
Consisting of only 49 acres (those to the east being about 66 acres) this allotment was granted to Edmund Charles Hobson in 1847. By 1-11-1848, he had died and the property was leased to Richard Philpott for 14 years by his executors, James Horatio Nelson Cassell and John Robert Murphy (owner of allotments 17-19). Ownership of the allotment probably reverted to the widow, Margaret Hobson, and her sons, John and Charles in the early 1870s. In 1874, Margaret bought, from Wight, a one chain-wide strip of land through Wight's allotment 21 that is now the eastern end of Hobsons Rd.
It is likely that subdivision took place in or before 1882 because the 1883 directory (the first to list Kensington residents in streets) named Bayswater Rd, which apparently had 14 residents. The attached map of Kensington shows Murphy's, Wight's and Mrs Hobson's land.

West of Kensington Rd was Edward Byam Wight's allotment 21, which he named "The Ridge" and now contains The Ridgeway and Bangalore St. The Hobson grant would include Westbourne and Baywater Rds. It's time for more information about the grantee of crown allotment 22, section 2 in the parish of Doutta Galla. Strangely this information is found by googling Edward William Hobson and clicking on the A.N.U. BIOGRAPHY. Most of the information above came from this website and William Cuthill's history of Traralgon.

Edmund Charles Hobson (1814-1848)was born at Parramatta and was sent to Tasmania at the age of 2 to be cared for by his maternal grandfather in Tasmania. I will let you read the biography regarding his scientific and medical contributions.Edward William's birth in 1816, also at Parramatta, might have caused difficulties, which could explain why the first-born was sent away.Edmund Charles married Margaret Adamson in September, 1837; she was the widow who bought part of "The Ridge" in 1874. By this time Swamp Rd (Dynon Rd) had probably been made and Hobsons Rd would have provided a short cut to allotment 22.

WHY DID EDWARD WILLIAM HOBSON LEAVE THE RUN NEAR DAREBIN CREEK AFTER SUCH A SHORT TIME.? As soon as Melbourne had been surveyed, Governor Bourke's next instruction was to start at Batmans Hill (Spencer St Station site) and survey along the Moonee Moonee chain of ponds (Moonee Ponds Creek), establishing parishes of no more than 25 square miles.Land in the parishes on the east side were sold first; If I remember correctly, Will Will Rook was alienated in 1839, so Jika Jika would have been sold earlier. The lease for the run probably was cancelled as soon as the survey was completed.

WHY DID EDWARD LEAVE KANGERONG? The Safety Beach area was probably a bit swampy with Tassells Creek (now Martha Cove), Dunns Creek (which flowed into Sheepwash Creek) and Sheepwash Creek probably being blocked at the beach and having ill-defined banks such as Chinamans Creek at Rosebud West.But, as nobody was occupying the land in 1837, he would have found nice open woodland on the slopes of the future Dromana Township, courtesy of regular burn off by the aborigines.One day he might have been on a kangaroo shoot with his mate Jamieson of Cape Schanck and been introduced to the area along the present Bayview Rd (known as Hobson's Flat Road in the early 1900's.)
Having passed the barrier of Arthurs Seat and found this rich flat,Edward may have let his stock wander wherever they pleased. They would have to be rounded up at times and on one occasion, he might have been almost blinded. A white glare on a sunny day that caused the eyes to close involuntarily! Lime! He had probably heard of John Pascoe Fawkner becoming a lime merchant and heard the rumour that Richard Kenyon and his wife, the former Mrs Rowley, were at the Heads supplying him. It was a long way to drive cattle to Melbourne and there was no guarantee that they would be sold. Lime was in demand for mortar! Why not get a run in this locality and combine grazing with a steady income? He built a lime kiln near the present Marks Ave (Melway 170 A2.) This street was named after a co-grantee of crown allotment 13 Wannaeue.

WHAT DID EDWARD DO AFTER HE LEFT TRARALGON? He occupied "Traralgon" until early 1853 and it was probably then that he bought the Rosebud and another boat. The Rosebud was wrecked in 1855, not 1840 as stated in Mr Cuthill's history. Peter Wilson stated that the Rosebud was not insured but it was (for 700 pounds by James Purves, as discovered in trove.) I'll let you read about the cattle stealing, N.S.W. etc in the biography.


2 comment(s), latest 11 months, 2 weeks ago

RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA with background notes.

The following poems were written by yours truly in 1989. Background notes will be written in italics.

DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD. See the MANSFIELD journal.
This poem appears in the MANSFIELD JOURNAL. With William Mansfield and his son,William, was Steven Hill of "Danby Farm" (Melway 5 B3 approximately) and I believe these Mansfields were on the triangular 80 acres of section 15, Tullamarine (the Payne pig farm called "Scone" when acquired for the jetport c 1960)now occupied by the airport terminal buildings and north of Melrose Dr/Grants Lane. This land was owned by John Mansfield (memorial 106 595.)
The building of the Arundel bridge, to improve access to grantees on the Arundel Closer Settlement had started but, partly built, it was swept away by a torrent, ruining the contractor. A new contractor was found and the bridge was built not long after the Mansfield drowning. Stephen Hill escaped because he disobeyed instructions but if my memory serves me correctly, he was killed in world war 1. The McRaes were involved in the formation of the Oaklands Hunt while on Glenara and were related by marriage to the Mansfields.

The story behind the poem was told to me in 1988-9 by Wally Mansfield, Colin Williams and Gordon Connor, all independently of each other. Somehow, I gained the impression that the father, William John Mansfield was known as John but I have changed his name in the poem to Bill, just in case that wasn't the case. He was the only surviving son of John Mansfield who owned the airport terminal area.

Miss Rowe, the teacher at S.S.2163 (on the north corner of the present Melrose Dr and Link Rd)married Frank Wright who had Strathconnan, if I remember correctly, and was followed by Mr Rogers who (possibly) was the teacher when all the pupils disappeared to the Bone Mill at the end of Wright St one lunchtime and certainly was in 1908 when Colin Williams' head was split open in a playground accident. In 1909, Alec Rasmussen arrived, Saint Alec as I call him.

There are two things in the poem that I am not going to change at the moment. The newspaper article mentioned below states that the lad leading the horse was Phillip Hill but I'm not sure that Phillip wasn't his father. If his name was Phillip, why was S.Hill a pallbearer for the son's coffin? Call the second thing poetic licence if you like. When I was writing the poem, I had The Ballad of The Drover (Fifth Book, i.e. Grade 5 Reader)in mind. The article said that there was no particular flood at the time but I love the bit about the inky black sky turning day into night etc.

The article is on page 3 of the Sunbury News of 20-10-1906. The pallbearers lived near the present airport.The following locations are from Melway.
Fred Wright, blacksmith 5F8; Frank Wright, Strathconnan?; 5 H9, E.Wright,Ted Wright, the wheelwright mentioned in "Broadmeadows Nestles" who may still have been working with brother, Fred, at this stage; Peters Spiers, 101 acres 5 C7; W and A. McNab (Oakbank 4 J9 or Victoria Bank 4 F7), A.Grant, Seafield, 4 K7; T.Nash, Fairview, 5 F6 and 20 acres for dry cows (Broadacres Kennels and Cattery, 4 G4); B.Lane, Gowrie Park, 560 acres, 4 K3; J.Handlon, very old house demolished in the 1970's at bottom right hand corner of 5 G10; A. and F. Wright, Sunnyside or the northern half of Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint, 6 A 12) and S.Hill(as above.)


BROADMEADOWS NESTLES.
'Twas known as Broadmeadows till the days of the trains
In a picturesque valley cut through the plains.
The ancient St Pauls upon the hill
Looks down on the township which slumbers still.

Kingshott and Ted Wright made their anvils sing;
The Broady and Franklins for having a fling!
Jack Hoctor brought bread and Cargill the meat,
While Boundy's sold a range of goods very complete.

Mark Cooper had much land south of the creek.
When babies were due, Nurse Mitchell we'd seek.
Jim Ahearn was the man who kept peace in the town;
Albert Cook, Shire Secretary of well-won renown.

Up the hill going Greenvale way
Were the Orrs on Kia Ora growing hay:
The Campbells, Hatty, Attwood and Harry Swain
And Bob Jefferies' farm past Dench's Lane.

The monument stands where the windmill once stood.
Our boys went to war to prove their manhood
But grief came to parents, son or daughter;
At Gallipoli they were led like lambs to the slaughter.

On the tops of the hills, subdivisions grow fast,
But the township retains the charms of the past.

Broadmeadows Township was declared in 1850. It fulfilled what I presume were the two requirements for township sites: being on well-used routes and having a good supply of water. In the early 1870's the Government bought the failed Essendon railway and extended it to Sydney as the North Eastern Railway. The nearest station was at Campbellfield but that area became known as East Broadmeadows and finally Broadmeadows, which meant that, to avoid confusion, the old township became known as West Meadows. Just like Keilor whose nearest station was Keilor Road Station (later renamed Sydenham), Broadmeadows Township became a sleepy hollow. Both were service centres for local farmers, providing farm hands and goods but hardly self-sustaining.St Pauls was built in 1850 and served as a school for a while. The vicarage across Raleigh St was built later.

John Kingshott and his (brother?) operated smithies over the road from each other. Ted Wright took over the one on the garage site (I'd better say the east corner of Coopers Hill Drive, formerly Black St, and Fawkner St because of the way that service stations are disappearing today)and operated as a wheelwright. (George?)Kingshott had his forge on the site of the fruit Mart across Fawkner St. Once when a customer had left a horse to be shod the next morning, George was taken aback to discover it had changed colour overnight, courtesy of some local rascals and their whitewash. John Kingshott was appointed to the school committee so that it would not consist entirely of Presbyterians.

The Broadmeadows Hotel was on the present site with the Victoria Hotel a few yards further up the Ardlie St hill. The latter burnt down in about 1870 and Henry Franklin, the baker, built the Franklins Hotel on the west corner of Fawkner and Bent Sts. Jack Hoctor mistakenly believed that this was named after Sir John Franklin. This hotel also burnt down and the bluestone was used to build the vestry at St Pauls. When town houses were being built on the Bent St corner, the owner discovered the bluestone blocks lining the hotel's cellar; they are still there!

Jack Hoctor was the township's lamplighter and delivered bread for Anderson's bakery between the Oddfellows' Hall and the historic (1869?) bluestone bridge. Anderson's bakery and the old Coach House on the Broad St corner (where Jack was born) remain as reminders of the quiet village. Bob Cargill was the son of one of the township's original butchers. He lived on the north side of Raleigh St near St Pauls and his Victorian house remains. Like all butchers, he had a gum branch to swish flies away from his cutting cart. The death of Bob's young son caused great sadness in the town but he was buried at Bulla! It was assumed in the early days that if you lived near Broadmeadows you were a Scot and as far as I know, the Will Will Rook cemetery (Melway 7 B9)had no sections for each denomination as was the norm. For this reason, many Catholics from Broadmeadows were buried at Keilor or Bulla. The boy was killed when another boy's gun discharged accidentally on a rabbit hunt. The other boy's family (Gra--) felt so uncomfortable that they moved to near the site of the E.J.Whitten bridge.

Boundy's store was where the milk bar operates near the bridge and bike track. As well as cash trade, they operated a barter system whereby a local could, for example, supply eggs to buy goods.(George?) later expanded to Keilor Rd.

Mark Cooper's pioneering endeavours are recalled by Coopers Hill Drive. He was a farmer and related to the family of Charles Nash of Fairview (Melway 5 F6.). Nurse Mitchell was one tough lady. Once she entered the house and rolled up her sleeves, the most domineering husband became a compliant assistant or quickly disappeared, whichever was required. Jim Ahearn was the old-fashioned type of policeman who saved the time of busy magistrates by applying his boot to the backside of any youths who were getting out of hand; and those same rascals loved him for putting them on the right path.
Albert Cook was not only a much respected and long-serving shire secretary of Broadmeadows; he and his wife
brought up Norm Woods who won similar regard as secretary of Keilor Shire. They lived in a residence attached to the Old Shire Hall, another relic remaining in the township. When a more central hall was built on Glenallan (present site), Albert moved to Cook's Cottage (probably Peck's Wannaeue)which was on the Red Rooster site, across Pascoe Vale Rd from the east end of Mascoma St, Strathmore.

See my comment (below)about the Hatty website for details of the Orrs etc north of the township. Dench's Lane, named after a prominent butchering family, is across Mickleham Rd from Swain St which are both part of the boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook and Yuroke.The next farm north of Bob Jefferies' was Hugh Williamson's Dunvegan which went to the Somerton Rd corner. Hughie was highly regarded as an amateur vet by local farmers.

There was a plantation just east of the bridge at the junction of Ardlie St and Raleigh St. In the old days there was no problem going around the war memorial and gas-lamp pole but by the 1950's when W.V.Murphy bought on Ray Loft's subdivision of "Broombank", the memorial had become a traffic hazard.Some townsfolk were upset when the monument was moved to its present site by Major Murphy. The town's water supply originally came from
the creek and that is why the early butchers were kept on their toes regarding pollution. "Lambs to the slaughter" is a direct quotation of Jack Hoctor's words. The poem was written in 1989 but much charm does still remain in 2012.
SOURCES: Jack Hoctor, Harry Heaps, Olive Nash, "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Sid Lloyd, George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road: 1920-1952".


TULLAMARINE SCHOOL 2613.
From school 632 near Nash's "Bayview",
To Seafield 546 which also had pupils few,
Rushed the teacher at lunchtime for half a year,
Till notice was taken of a common idea.

In June '84 the schools in Grants Lane and near the junction
Closed down and school 2613 took over their function;
For the new school John Blanche offered a site.
But because of the Beech Tree, Ware said,"It's not right."

A site farther north was eventually found,
At Conders Lane, on Love's, for thirty pounds,
And there the school stood for seventy six years,
Full of much happiness and occasional tears.

In nineteen o6 came the Mansfield demise;
Miss Rowe told her pupils with tears in her eyes.
Mr Rogers took over when she met "Mr Wright",
Then an accident happened that caused a real fright.

Colin Williams fainted after lunch at the school;
The teacher first thought he was playing the fool.
When 'twas found that he'd hit his head on a rock,
To the post office they flew to ring Essendon's doc.

Who in twenty minutes was tending the head
That almost rendered Colin Williams dead.
It took six whole months before the problem was licked;
Meanwhile Col. heard rumours of a teacher so strict!

Alec Rasmussen came in nineteen hundred and nine
And spared no effort bringing brats into line.
Colin was scared to go back to school
As a result of stories of the teacher's stern rule.

But Alec Rasmussen a tyrant was not
And all of his pupils admired him a lot.
He gave them all an education sound;
His picnics and community work were renowned.

Wally Mansfield and his mates emptied the pan
In a hole that they'd dug; then they teased and they ran,
Jumped over their disguised pit and those in pursuit
Fell into the mess; the smell wasn't so beaut!

Around 1930 another teacher was seen,
The grandfather of our Leo Dineen
Who did so much for Tulla forty years later;
No man's contribution could ever be greater.

So many families through its portals have passed
That many were sad when its end came at last.
In the 60's the jetport swallowed up its abode
But its pupils remember the school up the road.

SOURCES: Vision and Realisation (Education Department, 1972); Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970; Tullamarine Progress Association minutes book, 1937-1954; Colin Williams and Wally Mansfield, titles documents re location of properties, Shire of Keilor rates,countless former pupils who attended the 1989 and 1998 Back to Tullamarine reunions organised by Winnie Lewis (nee Parr) and me.
School 632 started as a Wesleyan school in 1855. It was on a one acre site at the bend in Cherie St, indicated in the attached Melway map 5 by an arrow at the bottom. It is not surprising that this site was chosen because all the land between Kilburn's "Fairfield" and Post Office Lane (the northern boundary of today's Trade Park) was bought by Methodists: Parr, Wright, Purvis, Nash ("Bayview"), Mounsey and Blanche.

The Seafield school was on the south side of Grants Lane, on John Grant's "Seafield", at Melway 4 J6.

Ware was the School Inspector in charge of the district.
The new school was on the north corner of the present Link Rd. Conders Lane met Bulla Rd at the same spot but went due (magnetic) west. Link Rd diverts south following the boundary of Sam Parr's "The Elms".
The Loves were early pioneers of Tullamarine and also had a triangular piece of land between Nash's Lane and "Glendewar". Their dairy farm was burnt out about 1930 and was added to "Oakbank" by the McNabs.
John Blanche taught at school 632 and his purchase , shown on the map was between Trade Park Drive and (almost) Burvale Crt. The Beech Tree Hotel was almost directly across Bulla Rd from the north west corner of Tullamarine reserve; its location is indicated on my map by an arrow pointing to a dot.
The Mansfield drowning is the subject of "Death at Bertram's Ford. Miss Rowe married Frank Wright of "Strathconnan (bounded by the back lane i.e.Derby St,which was the north east boundary of Hamilton Terrace, a line just south of Western Avenue, Mickleham Rd and the Londrew Ct-Freight Rd midline.)

Tullamarine's post office was almost opposite Derby St, giving Post Office Lane its name. It was there until the (1930's?) when a Mr Sheppard built a brick post office and residence, later run by the Hendersons; the post office was demolished when Hendersons Rd was made but the residence survived much longer and was the home of Ben Hall for many years after he moved from Ray Loft's Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St.
Colin Williams' family followed John Cock on "Broombank" (Millar Rd, Tadstan Drive area. He was 99 when I interviewed him but he had a wonderful, accurate memory. He and Wally Mansfield provided me with many stories.

At one time after Leo's grandfather had retired, the new teacher refused the Tullamarine Progress Association the use of the school for meetings. Mr Dineen was asked to sort out the situation and he did. The Spring St reserve was named after Leo who cleverly had Tullamarine's major roads made at Federal Government expense as well as establishing, and obtaining facilities for almost every sporting club in the area. See "To Whom We Looked".


THE NEW COLONY'S LEADERS.
Back in July 1851
Victoria's independence was begun.
Three prominent leaders then were seen
And they all owned land in Tullamarine.

Involved in Earl Grey's Port Phillip farce,
John Foster belonged to the upper class.
He was the grantee of "Leslie Banks";
For his time in charge he received little thanks.


Appointed in July 1853 as Colonial Secretary;
Of reformers like Wilson, he was always most wary.
Our constitution from Foster's mind came,
But disliked he sailed home, an estate to claim.

Edward Wilson led the Acclimatisation Society
And opposed politics of the conservative variety;

Through his "Argus", he was the voice of reform
Against the squatters' control, which was then the norm.

On "Arundel", he introduced crops to our climate's habits,
Kept monkeys and bred chincilla rabbits.
The farmers respected his scientific bent
And gained from his desire to experiment.

The third had land where the big birds nest,
The Organ Pipes and where we shop in Airport West.
John Pascoe Fawkner was the yoeman farmer's friend
And brought St John's corruption to an end.

Few more powerful men have there been
And they all owned land in Tullamarine.

Parts of this poem have been changed and appear in italics. It was written in 1989 and further information has come to hand. The Australian Dictionary of biography entry for J.F.L.V.Foster shows that one change was not necessary; he did have a name change. The last half of the last line of verse 3 was originally:" and changed his name."
If my memory is correct, Geoffrey Searle's book was the one in which I read about the Port Phillip farce. The Port Phillip residents were allowed to have representatives in the N.S.W.Parliament but nobody could afford to be absent from home for the large slabs of time required. As a form of protest, they voted for Earl Grey, the Secretary for the Colonies in the English Cabinet. Google J.F.L. FOSTER, EARL GREY, click AFTER THE FIRST HOUR'S POLLING and you'll get the details.
Leslie Banks was section 20 Doutta Galla, bounded by the present northern end of Keilor Park Drive (continued to meet Collinson St), Spence St, the Maribyrnong River and a western extension of Sharps Rd. John Foster's older brother, William, was granted square mile blocks north and south of Sharps Rd, from the line of Broadmeadows Rd to its western end. When William returned home to inherit, they passed to the ownership of John. Alphabetical Foster was appointed Colonial Secretary on 20-7-1853 and on 8-5-1854, he was sworn as acting Governor of Victoria. He resigned in December 1854. His biography, as mentioned above, confirms that he and his cousin, William Foster Stawell took the drafting of Victoria's constitution out of the hands of the commmittee that had been set up for that purpose and cleverly disguised its conservative nature behind a seemingly democratic facade.
Edward Wilson was the owner and editor of the Argus. He was probably responsible for Foster resigning in December, 1854. He must have been persuasive; the people were firmly behind his condemnation of Foster. The Acclimatisation Society aimed to make the wide brown land a replica of the old country and also introduce the exotic. In his architectural thesis on "Arundel", K.B.Keeley described Wilson's "Model Farm" in great detail.
It is to be hoped that the City of Hume library system is safeguarding Keeley's thesis and countless other irreplaceable historical records that I provided to the Tullamarine Library.
The society's aims were shared by many. John Pascoe Fawkner instructed his father to remove native vegetation on Belle Vue Park and himself planted the oak trees that caused Glenroy Flour miller, Hutchinson, to later rename the farm Oak Park. At Flemington House, Hugh Glass had grounds fit for a king, featuring many exotic animals. Henry Gomm's Glenhoya at Somerville probably got its name from the introduced climber. An outcome of the society's pioneering efforts was the establishment of the zoo.
In the early 1900's huge estates were being repurchased by the Government to form Closer Settlements, such as those of William Taylor of "Overnewton" and James Robertson of Upper Keilor. Red Hill Village had been a slightly earlier reaction to the 1890's depression. The Eureka Stockade was about licences (a tax without representation) and the inability of miners to buy land as it was locked up by squatters. If only the diggers had been aware of what John Pascoe Fawkner was up to.
He was forming co-operatives and receiving grants in many localities on behalf of his members, his much-loved yoeman farmers. Between the Northern Golf Club at Glenroy and the Fawkner Cemetery was Box Forest. In the parish of Tullamarine he was granted section 7, 13 (both sides of Mansfields Rd) and 10 (the western part of Tullamarine Island, including the Organ Pipes rock formation.)
Thus it was that Fawkner established closer settlement ages before the Government did. His Belle Vue Park occupied much of Pascoeville but one of the earliest landmarks north of Melbourne, The Young Queen Inn, was on one of its subdivision blocks. Some of the pioneers that owed their freeholds to little five foot two Johnny were the Peacheys at Box Forest, John Beech of the Beech Tree Hotel and Ann Parr "The Elms",both west of Bulla Rd, the Mansfields and Grays (13), the Tates of "Pleasant Vale" on Tullamarine Island, and the Howse family, "Travellers' Rest Hotel" on the Westfield Shoppingtown land south of Dromana Ave in the parish of Doutta Galla.
The attached map shows Fawkner's subdivision blocks west of Bulla Rd (now Melrose Dr.) John Carr Riddell was granted section 6 whose south west corner fronted Post Office Lane and was across Bulla Rd from Hamilton Terrace (named after Riddell's partner.)The north east corner of Fawkner's grant was transferred to Riddell and the site of the Beech tree Hotel etc was transferred to Fawkner.

The last line of the second last verse was originally: "The squatters' iron rule he strove to end." Of course Fawkner did his work in Parliament but his aim was the same as Edward Wilson's.

St John was a magistrate and Crown Lands administrator whose favorable decision was influenced by a five letter word:bribe.Little Johnny launched a campaign to end his corruption and was sued for libel. An amusing retelling of the saga is on page 11 of the Western Mail of 3-9-1953. Eddie was Edmund Finn, whose pen name was Garryowen.


TO WHOM WE LOOKED.
Although ours was a small population
On councils we had good representation:
Grant, Ritchie, Nash, Cock, Fox, Parr and son,
The McNabs and Lockhart were some who got things done.

But in the district around Tullamarine,
Such fine leaders ne'er were seen
As Rasmussen, Murphy and Dineen.

Alec Rasmussen much progress did inspire
When the T.P.A.met around an open fire
On the oval he suggested that they buy.
The saleyards bid was a well-planned try.
The Pioneers' Roll was presented in 1935
To keep the district's heritage alive.

The Major organised more suitable abodes
For a church and two monuments along the roads,
Planned preventative measures against dangers fiery,
Represented people at every enquiry.
He was honoured most highly for his work with the scouts
But removed from our presence at the hands of some louts.

Leo Dineen was a man with vision and skills
To make a fine oval from rat drains and hills.
With Hedger, Garnar, Boots, he worked hard for our hall;
He started each sport club that plays with a ball.

Yet where are the streets and ovals after them named?
Till something is done, we should all be ashamed.

Requests were made to Keilor and Broadmeadows councils for ovals to be named after Leo Dineen and Alec Rasmussen respectively. Keilor replied that naming of places after living people was against their policy and Broadmeadows' consideration of "Rasmussen Reserve" was disrupted by Jeff Kennett's amalgamation of councils. As I was busy with "Early Landowners" and supplying arguments for the naming of streets on Melbourne Airport, Willowbank, Gowanbrae and Keilor's Green Gully as well as the suburb of Delahey, the above matters slipped down the priority list until I received a letter from Leo's son. Leo had died and his son had obviously read my poem. I supplied the requested evidence of Leo's contribution to the community and the Spring St Reserve is now the Leo Dineen Reserve.
A request that the Tullamarine Reserve be renamed Rasmussen Reserve was sent to Hume Council some months ago via the Broadmeadows Historical Society.

Tullamarine was in three shires: Bulla, (north of Grants Rd), Keilor (west of Bulla Rd) and Broadmeadows (east of Bulla Rd.) Bulla Shire later extended to the middle of Kenny St, Westmeadows, the old northern boundary of Broadmeadows Township. To illustrate the difficulty posed in areas straddling municipal boundaries, Broadmeadows wanted to make Kenny St and Bulla didn't so only the southern half was made! Billy Swan's son,the Collingwood champ, probably practised speed riding on his side of the road and BMX riding on the north side as a youngster. The boundary may actually have been Wright St; I am relying on my recollection of runs down to the Moonee Ponds Creek about thirty years ago.

Luckily, from its formation in 1924, Tullamarine Progress Association was well supported by councillors from Broadmeadows and Keilor, Bill Henshall being its President for many years. The McNabs and John Grant probably filled a seat on Keilor Council from 1863 for at least a century. J.D.McFarlane and Michael Fox battled to convince their colleagues of the merits of Tullamarine for the new site for the Saleyards; Michael, who lived on the south side of Keilor Rd and leased land in the south part of Brimbank Park from the Delaheys, represented Doutta Galla Riding but his mother and he owned Geraghty's Paddock on the north side of Annandale Rd, Tullamarine. The Fox family also owned "Barbiston" and closer settlement blocks near the corner of Arundel and McNabs Rds.

Brown of Camp Hill, John Cock of Stewarton/Gladstone (1892 to his death at the end of 1911), Bill Lockhart of the 198 acre "Springburn" (between Wright's "Strathconnan" and Percy Judd's "Chandos Park") and Bill Henshall were some of the Broadmeadows councillors who looked after Tullamarine's interests.

Tullamarine did not seem to have had much representation on Bulla council, with Alex. NcDougall of "Warlaby", the Michies of "Cairnbrae" and Alister Clark of "Glenara" being typical of the East Riding councillors. However Bulla did support the T.P.A. saleyards proposal of 1926.

The original constitution of the T.P.A. (Tullamarine Progress Association)specified meeting dates moonlight permitting! (SOURCES:Leo Dineen, Harry Heaps.)The saleyards site was proposed in 1926 and was still being considered in the late 1930's when Fox and McFarlane's advocacy was ridiculed by St Albans councillors and the Sunshine Advocate. The Melrose Drive Reserve was presented to council by the T.P.A. at the end of 1929. The pioneers Roll, which I hope is still on display at Tullamarine Primary School, was a centenary (of Melbourne and Victoria) project just like Flinders Shire's lookout tower on Arthurs Seat.

Tullamarine never had a hall, which is why Doris Scoones' Methodist Sunday School concerts were held at the Westmeadows hall. Send offs and welcome homes were held in the billiard room of the former Beech Tree Hotel during W.W.1 but the many Methodists on Bulla Rd would have refused to enter an operating hotel. Without such a facility, only sections of the community could meet, according to religion {Crotty, Fox and Reddan at StAugustine's, Keilor; Nash, Parr, Wright, Loft, Anderson, Williams etc at the Methodist church in Tullamarine; the Presbyterians at Broadmeadows Township or Bulla (Uniting Lane)} or proximity to Bulla, Broadmeadows or Keilor. The closest to a gathering of the whole Tullamarine community would have been the dances held in the three townships.
Alec Rasmussen arrived in 1909 and for three years conducted community picnics at Alexander McCracken's "Cumberland". Unfortunately the reproduction of a photo of the second picnic in 1910 is too poor to publish but it is obvious that every single person in Tullamarine attended. Alec taught at the Conders Lane school for nearly 20 years and was the secretary of the progress association 1924-54, becoming its first life member.

Walter Vivian Murphy hated being called Major Murphy but most people did not know this; I only found out when I interviewed his widow. Tullamarine State School 2613 at the Link Rd corner was closed circa 1961, Tom Dunne being its last teacher, the light timber construction buildings were relocated to the former site of Tommy Loft's cornstore on Dalkeith; these were clad with bricks in 1971.Being the centre of the community, the school had been the obvious location for the war memorial but now it was forlorn in an empty paddock. Walter moved it to the Dalkeith Ave corner. He also moved the monument at Westmeadows as mentioned in another poem. The Major moved onto Ray Loft's subdivision of "Broombank" circa 1952 and filled Harry Nash's former role in limiting the damage caused by fire, such as annual burn-offs. His greatest contribution was the dismantling (at Melway 177 J9) and reassembly (at 177 B8) of St Mary's Church of England. The church had been built on the south west corner of "Woodlands" by its owner, Mary Greene. (I have a feeling that it was built in 1858; this can be confirmed in Symonds' "Bulla Bulla".)Being under the flight path, the church was in danger of being vibrated to bits by the aircraft.

Leo Dineen's greatest achievements were transforming the Sharps and Broadmeadows Rd goat tracks into wide sealed roads (at no cost to ratepayers) and solving the Battle of the Halls at Tullamarine. The Department of Civil Aviation funded the road construction. Fundraising, led by Major Murphy was in progress for a hall at the Melrose Drive Reserve, aided by film nights at Joe Thomas's "Carinya Park" across Sharps Rd from Eumarella St, and another committee on the Triangular Estate was planning to build a hall on what is now the Sid Hedger Reserve. Obviously those who had worked so hard for so long would not react well to a suggestion that, circa 1966, neither location was now central as expansion was to take place on the Broadwood Park Estate ("Dalkeith".) Things became heated but Leo's diplomacy won through, obtaining the Spring St hall and a pavilion for the Melrose Drive Reserve. It was in the mid 1960's that the T.P.A was rejuvenated by new residents such as Sid Hedger (who organised sewerage schemes etc),Ben Kelly ( much involved in getting the hall, which I did not know when I wrote the poem), Ron Langtip, Sid Wheller (plant nursery on Sharps Rd between Tullamarina Ave and the Clarke garage on the Sharps/Lancefield Rd corner), Rom ( a Polish migrant, Ilko Romaniw?), Ken Boots (a driving force in the formation of the Youth Club), Len Garnar (newsagent), John Osborne (chemist), Leo Caton (hall improvements such as installation of drapes and sockets for badminton nets), John Peterson (who started Little Aths with the Dineens) and Ray Gibb (who in 1971 took over as Secretary of the T.P.A. and editor of the "Sonic", which was established by Leo Dineen.)



STREETS AND ROADS.
1.His life had only just begun
When death took BARRIE, Joe Thomas's son.

2.Tom Loft came from EUMARELLA and lived on DALKEITH,
Later DAWSON had this farm where pupils grow new teeth.

3.Tom's son, Ray, gave the name GORDON to his boy;
Ray's wife, Margaret was a MILLAR and filled his heart with joy.

4.The HENDERSON post office was a red brick building fine;
To build Henderson Rd, they pulled it down in 1959.

5.John GRANT and the clan McNAB bought section 8;
Their Ayrshires were adjudged to be first rate.

6.The MANSFIELD family, which owned land all the district round;
Suffered a great loss when W.J. and Willy drowned.

7.The family FOX (Michael, Mary Ann and John,
And many more) lived on section 1 and BARBISTON.

8.BUNBURY bought ARUNDEL in 1842;
The road went toward McNab's and down to Keilor too.

9.The road that dips in Arundel's vale
Starts at George Annand's grant called ANNANDALE.

10.FOSTERS Rd, whose name from William and John did derive,
Has been renamed at the north end as Keilor Park Drive.

11."Carinya Park", by factories cramped, is doomed to disappear;
It was called Hillside by James SHARP who lived there many a year.

12.BROADMEADOWS Rd is renamed, from Green's Corner to the north;
From Deep Creek Rd to the town, miners ventured forth.

13.MELROSE Drive has had five names; four told its destination.
Its present name honours Jim, pioneer of aviation.

14.Along this road were several lanes that led off to the west:
Post Office, Andersons and Conders Lanes, now officially at rest.

15.Peachey's Lane is Derby St, Wright's Lane is renamed too,
Nash's Lane, now closed, once led up to Fairview.

16.The names of Crotty, Parr and Nash deserve consideration
And this they are soon to get from the Federal Airports Corporation.

17.The Drive In's gone in Melrose Drive, new houses in that space
But the spot is marked by movie names such as FORUM Place.

28/1/2012.
18.Coming to Tulla in 1923, Harry Heaps knew which farm was where;
Just north of his later house in Melrose Drive we see STRATHCONNAN Square.

19.The fellow who developed Gowanbrae ignored the pioneers along the way
But the firm that developed Willowbank, I really want to thank.

CHADWICK, McKAY, MITCHELL, CORRIGAN, JOHNSON, GILMORE, LAVARS (pub up Greenvale way)
And names of farms like WILLOWBANK and CHANDOS where the Tigers now do play.

20. Moreland Council asked for names for streets for the Morgan factory site;
Because of her links with the City's pioneer, HANNAH PASCOE was just right.

Some verses have been added to the 1989 version (as indicated) and the verse about Fosters Rd has been altered to explain its current name and because Keilor rates information, on which I had based a statement about the road separating Tom Nash's hay and Crotty's cows, is no longer available for verification purposes.

Verses are numbered so the notes can be related to the appropriate verse.
1. James Sharp bought part of "The Springs" (Section 21, Doutta Galla) in the mid 1860's and named it "Hillside". His widow retained the 8 acre homestead block and the farm was leased to such as George Dalley and the Reddans (who were there in 1928 when the Albion-Jacana railway line was built and produced such a crop of hay that one could hardly walk between the sheaves; they leased it for three years between their ownership of "Brightview", west of Fisher Grove to the west end of Sharps Rd, and "Seaview", east from McNabs Rd between a western extension of Grants Rd and the proposed new runway almost to gate 31.) James Sharp had earlier been leasing a small farm on "Chandos" circa 1863. The Thomas family bought Hillside in 1943 if I remember correctly. The Airport acquisition map of circa 1960 shows that (R.S.?) Thomas had bought much other land in the area, such as Tullamar and the Keilor 1956 rates showed that he also owned the Triangular Estate. (Was Joe a nickname or was he the son of R.S.?)
The Thomas family was an important part of the Tullamarine community. Their film nights raised funds for the proposed hall on the reserve that Alec Rasmussen's Tullamarine Progress Association had donated to Broadmeadows Shire in 1929. The Tullamarine Pony Club was based on Carinya Park for decades with local children such as Pam Gregg and Katie Butterworth enjoying the opportunity to engage their great love of horses in the encroaching suburbia during the 1970's. The Tullamarine Kindergarten Association's hugely successful paper drives would have been impossible without Noel Grist's truck and hay twine from Carinya Park.
It is possible that Thomas St in Airport West was named after this family and that Gary Thomas, champion and gentlemanly Airport West footballer of the 1960's was a member of the family. Unfortunately these possibilities did not occur to me when I interviewed Edie Thomas. She did tell me that Joe had built their house and that the stones used for the gate pillars came from James Sharp's kitchen. She also told me about young Barrie.

2,3. Tommy Loft was superintendent of the Tullamarine Methodist Sunday School for years and his daughter, Doris Scoones who taught in the Sunday School passed on her love of music and dance to the sons and daughters of the prudish Methodists, conducting well-attended sunday school concerts at the Westmeadows Hall. Tommy, and later Jim Scoones ran Dalkeith, bounded by Sharps and Broadmeadows Rds and including Janus St and Fisher Grove. The Dalkeith homestead, on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave, was built by George Mansfield in 1910 according to Gordon Connor, and a subsequent discovery confirms this; George bought Dalkeith from James Harrick in 1910.

One source (forgotten) told me that Gordon St was named after the son of Ray and grandson of Tommy and that Eumarella St was named after the place where Tom grew up. This was before the first "Back To" so the source was probably Harry Heaps who associated with Ray Loft a bit. The only place that I think could be Eumarella is Eumeralla. I do know for certain that Tommy was assessed at Greenvale (Kentucky and Greenan) in 1920. This would be where Ray Loft would have become acquainted with the Millar family, pioneers of the area, and his future wife, Maggie, who attended the 1989 reunion. Tommy's move to Tullamarine may have been influenced by the Millars who had the Junction hotel and its associated 18 acres in the early 1900's (The David Mansfield Story, rates.)
The strange thing is that Tommy Loft was known to Ray Cairns,of "Maroolaba", Fingal, who died last year. In 1920, Tommy (of 265 Ascot Vale Rd, Ascot Vale) was also assessed on 158 acres (C.A. 28a,b) and 165 acres (C.A.29) in the parish of Wannaeue. This land is now the residential section of Moonah Links Golf Course (Melway 252 D2.)An even stranger thing is that the Orrs, who were share-farming "Springbank", "Willowbank" and "Kia Ora" on the Kennedy family's Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows Township by 1920 with the Lloyds, were assessed on exactly the same 323 acres fronting Truemans Rd in 1916-7!
Tommy subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage of Dalkeith in the 1920's but probably the distance from town doomed its success as it had the "Gretna Green" subdivision on Mansfield's Triangle in the 1860's. The 1930's depression was probably also a factor. Most of those assessed in the 1930 and 1943 were family members, Ray having built the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St. The school site was occupied by the saleyards and cornstore. Tommy had a weighbridge which had come from the haymarket and was later near the present roundabout at Essendon (Melway 28 G4.)(Source forgotten, possibly Sid Lloyd; the Lloyd brothers were among the first occupants of the subdivision not to belong to Tommy's family.)
Leslie King Dawson owned the remaining 160 acres of Dalkeith by 1943 and by 1951 was followed by Percy Hurren who had been storekeeper and postmaster at Jones Corner at Moorooduc in 1950. David Shepherd (a descendant of Somerville and Moorooduc pioneers, Shepherd of Perfection Nursery and Edward Jones of Spring Farm) confirmed that the postmaster had bought a farm "up, near where they built the airport" and the Tullamarine Progress Association minutes confirm that Percy was in Tullamarine by 1951 when he attended his first meeting.Percy told worried residents pre 1955 that Caterpillar would not be a dirty factory and that it would benefit the district; he was so right! (P.S.Caterpillar Drive was the original end of Sharps Rd.)

4. Ina Henderson told me that the brick post office was built by a Mr Sheppard in the 1930's. The residence, whose last occupant was probably Ben Hall (descendant of the bushranger, who drove a stage coach and hired out period clothing), was much older, probably built about 1900. Merv. Henderson displayed a painting of the residence and post office at the 1998 reunion. A Mrs Watson took over the post office from the Hendersons (whose daughter married a descendant of Keilor's pioneering Anderson family if I remember correctly) and before 1959 relocated it to the present liquor store in the Melrose Drive Shopping Centre.

5. See the Grant and McNab journal.

6. See the Mansfield journal.

7. Barbiston was 163 acres on the south side of Barbiston Rd and the Fox family had two lots of the Arundel Closer Settlement which adjoined it; the two houses should still be near the corner of Arundel and McNabs Rd if the Council is protecting its heritage. As mentioned elsewhere, Michael Fox had land on the south side of Keilor Rd which was sold to T.M.Burke in 1928. He also had land at St Albans which appears on the Maribyrnong parish map and was most likely bought in the early 1900's when William Taylor's Overnewton Estate was repurchased by the Government and sold as Closer Settlement farms. Fox Rd is at St Albans, Melway 13K9 to 14 E10. Cr John Fox, of the Doutta Galla Riding, is mentioned elsewhere. Mary Ann and John Fox had Geraghty's Paddock on the north side of Annandale Rd for which they had a name which I can supply if asked. The Fox and Reddan families were related by marriage.

8.SECTION 1. (ARUNDEL) PORTION OF ARUNDEL ENTRY IN "EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF TULLAMARINE".
This was granted to Richard Hanmer Bunbury who obtained it by selection and paid 907 pounds, one pound per acre. Bunbury, after whom streets in Gladstone Park and Williamstown are named, became harbour master and chief of water police. Later owners were Colin Campbell (1843), Donald Cameron (1851), Edward Wilson (1853), Robert McDougall (1868) and Robert Taylor (1889). Wilson, Argus editor and a leader of the acclimatisation movement, had a virtual zoo on the model farm as well as importing crops to trial and breeding chinchilla rabbits. He sold Ellengowen (Browns Rd area) and Turners (south of the e-w section of McNabs Rd). McDougall was the expert regarding the Booth strain of shorthorn cattle but had only contempt for the Bates strain of which his western neighbour (in section 23 Doutta Galla), Henry Stevenson was a devotee.
In 1904 Arundel was resumed by the Crown and, in 1910, J.B.McArthur bought lots 21, 22, 3 and 4, a total of 291 acres 3 roods 25 perches. This included 112 acres north of Wallaces Elm Grove as well as the homestead area enclosed by Arundel and McNabs Roads. Owner of Hosies hotel in the city, McArthur was Moonee Valley Racing Clubs first vice president from 1917 and, I believe, succeeded the first chairman, Alister Clark, following the latters death in 1949. He was also involved in the Oaklands Hunt Club which often enjoyed hospitality at Arundel farm. Other longtime Closer Settlement pioneers were Cock, Wallace, McFarlane, Fox, Hassed, Birch and Brown.
Later owners of Arundel Farm were: Arthur Wilson (1925), Frank Smith (1935), W.S.Robinson (1949) and W.W.Cockram (1962.) Robinson unfortunately remodelled the faade of McDougalls graceful 1872 homestead in 1950. (K.B.Keeleys architectural thesis C 1963 and Tony Cockrams notes re ownership.)

9. ANNANDALE. (Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.)
Location-Melway 5 B-D 11-12 to the top half of 15 A2 and the Sharps Rd/Keilor Park Drive corner.
This square mile was granted to George Annand, a Melbourne grocer and merchant who seconded the motion that led to the introduction of the secret ballot in elections. Annandale was being leased by Edward Wilson in 1868 and Anderson and Parr in 1892-3. In 1893-4 it was occupied by William Taylor (of Overnewton) who may have purchased it years earlier and still owned it in 1900.
Portion of section 2 became part of the Arundel Closer Settlement (Lot 9, John Foxs Bendene of 120 acres, lot 8 of 113 acres-Williamson, Maher, Sproale, W.S.Robinson, and about 84 acres of Alf Cocks Glenview.) The above accounts for 318 acres and two farms were formed from the remainder of section 2. Bill Parrs Annandale and Thomas Nashs farm were north and south, respectively, of Annandale Rd, each consisting of 165 acres. R.S.Thomas bought both, renaming them Carinya Gums and reaping L1169/6/- per acre for his land when it was acquired for the jetport C. 1961. John Fenton bought Cocks Glenview in the mid 1950s, renamed it Dunnawalla, and was still farming it 40 years later.

It is doubtful that Annand spent much time on Annandale. Early tenants on the property were the McCormacks. James McCormack (born 1790 in Westmeath, Ireland) and Ann Carey ( ditto) were married in their birthplace in 1815.After immigrating to Van Diemans Land with their three surviving children (Mary, Patrick and James) and spending twelve years there, they moved to Victoria in 1851. It is likely that they settled on Annandale soon after arrival if the Crotty legend that follows is accurate. Mary married Maurice Crotty and they started leasing Springs, across (present) Keilor Park Drive, later purchasing part of it and naming it Broomfield. Patrick married Ann Delahey ( of Oakleigh Park) and James married Mary ONeill (of Horseshoe Bend).


Glen Cotchen, who had done much research on the Crotty family, must have been the one who told me about "Chesterfield" which I sketched in my 1999 Melway. This must have been the original farm that the McCormacks leased from Annand. The triangular 44 acre farm, which adjoined John Foster's Leslie Banks went from the Sharps Rd/ Keilor Park Drive corner, widening as it extended to the west boundary of the Star Trak land south of Annandale Rd.

10. FOSTER.
William Foster was granted section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla, both fronting Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd and consisting of 640 acres (square mile). His younger brother, John, was granted section 20 Doutta Galla, between the straight section of Keilor Park Drive and the Maribyrnong River; Known to his friends as Leslie, he called section 20 "Leslie Banks".
SECTION 3, TULLAMARINE.(Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE.)
This was part of the Fosters Leslie Park for which William and John gained a 10 year Crown lease in 1840. The southern 400 acres was sold to D.T.Kilburn on 25-9-1867. The Kilburns called it Fairfield. I believe that David Milburn of Grange Farm, Victorias first irrigator, was leasing it in 1868. James Harrick was leasing it in 1893 and 1900. By 1913 it had become two farms of 200 acres, Reddans Brightview and Ernie Bakers farm. By 1930, Brightview had become J.P.Doyles Ristaro.
Tom Loft was in Tullamarine by 1924 when he convened the meeting at which the Tullamarine Progress Association was formed. He called Bakers old farm Dalkeith and, as stated before, subdivided the Broadmeadows Rd frontage. Keilor rates reveal that Leslie King Dawson owned the farm by 1943 and Percy Hurren by 1956.

Part of section 3 was east of Bulla Rd (north to Derby St corner & Freight Rd.) This was sold in three lots but on 10-7- 1851 David William ONial had mortgaged the whole 76 acres 3 roods 28 perches to Edmund Westby for 259 pounds. As J.F.L.Foster was the second party, I would presume that there was an agreement to sell it to ONiall and that this fell through when the publican died soon after building the Broombank house. On 17-10-1857 Patrick Kelly bought the 4 acres on which the Lady of the Lake hotel was situated. David ONiall (ONeil with an Irish accent!) was running this hotel in 1849, probably leasing it from Foster.
On 19-1-1855 John Fitzgerald bought 25 acres, on which ONeil had built a house, at the east end of Millar Rd which was its driveway, in 1852. The ONeil girls watched through the Cape Broom hedge in 1860 as Burke and Wills went past and, because of their sentimental attachment to the farm, it was not until their deaths in the mid 1930s that Ray Loft was able to buy it. (The late Colin Williams.)
Known as Broombank and described in ratebooks as 27 acres (33 including the former hotel paddock), it was farmed primarily by John Cock (1867-1882) and Colin Williams parents (1886-1915 or later.) In 1920, a drover named John R.Morton was leasing 34 acres from Misses ONeal of Docker St, Richmond. Ray Loft subdivided the farm in 1952. The other portion of 18 acres was sold to Timothy Quinlan and his wife Ellen on 12-9-1868. This land now contains Northedge, the home units along Mickleham Rd and Andlon and Londrew Crts. Quinlan probably wasted little time building the Junction Hotel on the Mobil Garage site. The land was later sold as the Junction Estate. Cec and Lily Green bought the Junction Hotel (after Tommy Loft had brought about its closure) and turned it into the well-known Greens Corner garage and lolly shop. Butterworth bought all but one of the blocks north of the Northedge site and the family lived there by 1948 and until the mid 1970s at least.
Between the Cherie St bend, where the Wesleyan school 632 operated 1855-1884, and Post Office Lane (running due west from opposite the Derby St corner), the land mainly became Charles Nashs Bayview. In June 1868, Nash bought about 127 acres and as his will reveals he later acquired John Blanches 12 acres fronting Bulla Rd on 2-10-1869. This gives the total of 139 acres on which Ernest Bruce Campbell was assessed in 1943 and John Denham in 1956. Others to buy land were George Mounsey (13-10-1857), Thomas Purvis (11-9-1855, 12 acres), John Wright (4-9-1868, 15 acres) and Ann Parr (15 acres in 1868-9 ratebook), all fronting Post Office Lane from east to west, and Blanche. The only one of these purchasers not known to have belonged to the Tullamarine Wesleyan (Methodist) congregation is Mounsey, so it is no surprise that the school was established at the Dalkeith/ Bayview boundary in 1855 and the church was built opposite 276 Melrose Dr in 1870. Jim Scoones and Denham who farmed Bayview, and Scoonesfather in law, Tom Loft of Dalkeith, were also staunch Methodists.

The last service at the Tullamarine Methodist Church was on 11-12-1983 and the church was demolished within a year. Charles Nash and James Henry Parr were stalwarts of the church.


SECTIONS 20 AND 21 DOUTTA GALLA.(Extract from EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)
SECTION 20 and 21.
The north and south boundaries of both are indicated by Sharps Rd. and Spence St. Section 21 was between Barrie Rd. (named after the son of Joe Thomas who died young) and Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive). Section 20 runs from Keilor Park Drive to the river. In 1840 the Foster brothers were granted a 10 year squatting lease on a station called Leslie Park and this might be why much land in the Doutta Galla and Tullamarine parishes was not alienated until 1849-50. Both William and John had Leslie as Christian names and Johns friends called him Leslie. William, the older brother, bought section 21 as well as section 3 in the parish of Tullamarine across Sharps Rd. At the same time, in the early 1840s, John bought section 20. They called their land Springs and the name was confusingly used in 1849 to describe the location of both James Laverty in Keilor Rd. and David ONeil, who had opened the Lady of the Lake Hotel (near Millar Rd. at Tullamarine) on his property Broombank at the n.e. corner of section 3, Tullamarine.
In 1843, John horsewhipped Dr. McCrae of La Rose on 1-12-1843 because he thought the doctor had hoodwinked him in relation to the Eumemmerring Cattle Station at Dandenong, and the Doc. bolted for Sydney. It seems, despite the Pastoral Properties of Port Phillip entry under Foster*, that the Fosters were dissatisfied with McCraes former run and stayed only 1839-40, which prompted their move to Tullamarine. (Notice that main streets in Dandenong are named after each of them.) * 1839-45 but only till 1840 under Station entry.
A fine stone house was built on section 21 and John must have lived there after William inherited and returned home, as it became known as the Governors house according to Joe Crotty. John Foster was later colonial secretary and as well as drafting Victorias constitution with his cousin, William Stawell, he served as Governor between La Trobe and Hotham.
In December 1844, one of John Fosters native servants, Booby, was murdered by another aborigine named John Bull while driving a dray back to Springs from Melbourne. Another servant, Maurice Fitzgerald, who was driving a dray behind Booby, was a prime witness.
In 1860, Maurice Crotty, who married a McCormack* lass from Annandale, on the other side of Fosters Rd., started leasing The Springs. Charles Kavanagh was the occupant of The Springs before Crotty moved in. Seven years later, Mrs. Crotty reported that someone had bought part of their farm. That was James Sharp who was probably raised on Craigllachie south of Glenloeman. Tullamarine Park Rd. was close to the boundary between Sharps Hillside and the portion that Maurice bought in 1868 and called Broomfield. The original Broomfield homestead was across Tullamarine Park Rd. from Allied Drive and their 1890 house was on the site of Hondas riding school.

(*A McCormack/ Crotty/Delahey/ ONeil family reunion was held in February 2000. The contact number of 9 739 7182 may help relatives who missed this function to make amends.)
Butcher Thomas bought Hillside in about 1940 and renamed it as Carinya Park. Sharps homestead was extended by Joe Thomas. Sadly, Carinya Parks homestead was bulldozed in 1998 by Vaughan Constructions; the gate pillars made using stone from James Sharps original kitchen will hopefully remain.

In 1847, William ONeil, who later received the grant for 9B with Davies and Robinson and bought Horseshoe Bend Park, was obviously leasing section 20 from John Foster. He was on Lesley Bank, Springs, Mt Macedon Rd according to the directory. Lesley should be Leslie but the inclusion of bank in the farms name would suggest a river (which forms the west boundary of section 20) rather than the small creek running through section 21. As mentioned elsewhere, all three roads heading north (Pascoe Vale, Bulla, Keilor Rds) were called Mt Macedon Rd at various stages, but this time it meant Keilor Rd. Leslie Banks may have included part of section 19 later owned by James Harrick (who was married at Williamstown in 1861 and obviously not yet in Keilor), thus extending to the road.
The Delaheys owned section 20 by 1868 and until at least 1900. Early this century, Thomas Nash, who had been leasing Hillside, bought land south of the bend in Fosters Rd, 150/1 acres straddling the section 20/21 boundary which Edward Cahill had been farming in 1868. Later he added 188 acres north of the present Botanical Gardens. The Wards and then the Williamsons farmed where Keilor Park clubs now play footy and tennis. In about 1943 Claude Butler established the Moonya Dairy Farm on the former Nash land. In 1940, James White found the famous Keilor Skull while digging a sand pit at the junction of Dry (Arundel) Creek and the river. This spot (Melway 14,K/2) is at the north- western corner of both the parish and section 20.

Titles information on sections 21 and 20.
Maurice Crotty bought the north western portion of section 21, roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd and consisting of 243 acres, for 913 pounds on 8-6-1868. The Crotty dairy farm, Broomfield, was a feature of the area for a century. The original house was opposite Allied Dr and the 1890s house near the motor cycle school. Incidentally, in 1867, both Sharps Rd and Broadmeadows Rd were known as Fosters Lane (Vol. 175 folio 509).
Section 20, between Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive) and the river, was leased to James Henry Smith for 5 years on 23-6-1857, the lease probably being extended for a further 5 years. On 7-9-1868 Henry and James Delahey bought 692 acres (all but the s/w corner) from Foster/Fitzgerald for 2641 pounds.

11. See note 1 about James Sharp. Also see the 21 Doutta Galla extract under FOSTER in note 10.

12. Broadmeadows Rd was so named because it led to Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows.) In the early 1970's it was called Old Broadmeadows Rd but the name was probably changed when the part north of the Mobil Garage (now 711)was renamed Mickleham Rd. The diggers would have been headed to McIvors Diggings near Heathcote and after travelling up what is now Melrose Drive, they would turn into Fawkner St, cross the creek and turn left up the Ardlie St hill to where Mickleham Rd started on the crest. The township, via the "great road to the diggings" or Pascoe Vale Rd, was on one of the original routes to Sydney. (Mickleham Rd becomes Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Lane! The problem of bogs between Campbellfield and Somerton was solved by about 1850, leading to the decline of the Young Queen Inn just north of the bridge at Pascoville but the diggings gave Broadmeadows a reprieve for a few years before it became a sleepy hollow.)

The present part of Mickleham Rd north of Fawkner St was Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, which was never made and actually passed through the Orrs' Kia Ora whose homestead (later part of a caravan park) was between the present Mickleham Rd and Ardlie St.

13. Title documents for "Camp Hill", supplied to me by a Kenny descendant, describe the present Melrose Drive as Macedon road, which was rather confusing because the same name was used for Pascoe Vale Rd and Keilor Rd.
To add to the confusion "Springs" Mt Macedon Rd was describe the locations of Kavanagh on Keilor Rd and David O'Nial just south of the Melrose Drive/ Derby St corner in Tullamarine.
Bulla was originally called Deep Creek so the road was known as Deep Creek road and then Bulla Rd. Between 1851 and 1854, land agents described the road as the great road to the diggings but following the construction of Mt Alexander Road (whose name was used for Keilor Rd until at least 1900) and the building of Samuel Brees' bridge at Keilor in 1854, that route took most of the traffic, leading to decline at Bulla and Sunbury.In the early 1970's the road was known as Lancefield Rd as it led to the Dunsford track (Lancefield Rd)
which heads north opposite Redstone Hill and just before Goonawarra. Soon after, it was renamed Melrose Drive after Jim Melrose whose crash and death at Melton South was witnessed by a relative of Frederick Hobley (born in Rosebud, see Frederick Hobley journal.)

14. These three lanes were necessary to provide access to the back blocks on J.P.Fawkner's subdivision (part section 6 and most of section 7, parish of Tullamarine) shown on the attached map. Post office Lane was the boundary between sections 3 and 6. The Andersons were pioneers of Tullamarine and its Methodist school and church. I have never come across the name Conders in records but as stated elsewhere, Conders Lane was at the same spot as the Link Rd corner with school 2613 on the north corner.

15. Stephen Peachey's family pioneered Box Forest, another of J.P.Fawkner's opportunities for yoeman farmers to obtain freeholds, now renamed Hadfield after Rupert Hadfield, a Broadmeadows Shire Council. Due to an outbreak of swine fever, he moved onto 6 acres on section 6, Tullamarine in the 1920's. This land is now occupied by the Boyce Court houses, its last owner being Snowy Boyce, later of "Barbiston".
Derby St was probably the name applied by John Carre Riddell of Cairn Hill, Gisborne and his partner, Hamilton.They subdivided the part of sections 6 and 15 bounded by Melrose Drive, Derby St and Wright St (now Springbank St)as Hamilton Terrace, which had 1 acre blocks and the rest of the Camieston Estate was cut up into farms, the largest being the 450 acre Chandos which fronted the present Mickleham Rd, Derby and Wright St to the Moonee Ponds Creek; it was subdivided into Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos Park by John Cock in the first decade of the 1900's. Victoria St, renamed Greenhill St and now closed, was probably named after the young queen by Riddell.

There would not have been any street signs so the locals just gave these streets names describing who lived there. The part of Derby St opposite Post Office Lane became Peachey's Lane and the part heading north west to Victoria St (which illustrates why Melrose Drive was called Macedon Rd) was known as the Back Lane.Wright's Lane led to Wallis Wright's, Sunnyside.Victoria St was known to all as Nash's Lane because it led to Charles Nash's Fairview.

16. Unfortunately the early settlers, the aborigines and the aviation pioneers were denied recognition when Anthony Rohead's bicentennial renaming of Melbourne Airport streets was scuttled after all was finalised. Anthony must have derived some satisfaction from the naming of a new street, Gowrie Park Drive (Melway 5 C5.)
See Melbourne Airport wikipedia. Crotty, Nash and Parr are mentioned elsewhere in this journal.

17. The drive-in was at the north west corner of Camp Hill (renamed Gowanbrae by Scott) and the 5% open space contribution required for its subdivision is called Camp Hill Park. Unfortunately the historic plaque affixed to the big rock in the park was removed after a short time by the louts. See Melway 15 J1.

18. Harry Heaps' family arrived in 1923 and farmed on Sunnyside, established at the end of Wright's Lane by Wallis Wright about 80 years before. Harry spent his teenage years and young adulthood on Sunnyside between Harry Nash's Fairview to the west and Judd's Chandos Park across Wright's Lane to the east. When he married he moved to the block now occupied by Strathconnan Square, where Sam Merrifield had lived, and across the back lane from Strathconnan. Harry knew all the local folklore and prefaced many of his yarns with, "I shouldn't tell you this, but." No doubt, Harry insisted on the street name.
STRATHCONNAN was about 140 acres fronting the present Mickleham Rd between the Londrew Crt/ Freight Rd midline and a point south of Western Avenue, which was known as Lockhart's Corner. It also had a frontage to Derby St and part of Wrights Lane (Springbank St.)

19. William Chadwick was publican at the Broadmeadows Hotel by 1857. After some time, he moved to the Farmers' Arms Hotel at the south west corner of Buckley St and Mt Alexander Rd, which is most often associated with Peter Pitches after whom a nearby street is named. By 1888, when his biography appeared in "Victoria and Its Metropolis, he had established a hotel of the same name at (Benalla?) I believe that my Chadwick entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND (which I hope to receive tomorrow) has a photo of the Chadwicks and their car at the Broadmeadows Army Camp, copied from a Benalla local history supplied by a descendant.

McKAY. This one had me baffled for a while because I did not get the name from my transcriptions of rate records. The only thing I can think of is that H.V.McKay must have owned the historic Woodlands homestead.The famed inventor of the combine harvester certainly owned the Clarkes' "Rupertswood" at Sunbury.

Peter Mitchell had a general store in Broadmeadows by 1857 and was followed as storekeeper by George Couser. Nurse Mitchell has been mentioned previously in the poem about the township.

The Corrigans farmed on the Dundonald Estate north of the township and on Wattle Glen which was accessed via Elizabeth St in the township. Wattle Glen was between Willowbank and Glen Allan with Annette Farm further north on the west side of the present pipeline from Greenvale Reservoir.

JOHNSON. The following series of letters arose from a query about Gellibrand Cottage referred to me by the Broadmeadows Historical Society.

McKERCHAR/ROBERTSON/JOHNSON.
GIVEN INFORMATION WITH MY COMMENTS IN BRACKETS.
23-2-1863. William Johnson married Wilhelmina Robertson at Gellibrand Cottage in the parish of Yuroke, the home of Wilhelminas parents, Peter and Henrietta Robertson. In the same ceremony,Wilhelminas older sister, Margaret, married Donald McKerchar, widower (of Colina) of Springfield. Donald renamed his property Greenanin honour of his wifes birthplace in Scotland. (This was his 302 acre grant, lot P of section 9, across Mickleham Rd from Springfield.) A third sister, Henrietta Robertson, married Donald McNab in 1855.
Donald and Margarets only daughter, Henrietta (or Etty, who was only a week old when Donald died in 1869) was for many years the postmistress at Greenvale. She did not marry and died in 1944 of drowning (in a dam on the property. Was this Greenan or Springfield North?)
Gellibrand Cottage (must have been reasonably close to Gellibrand Hill) as in 1861 an attempt was made to establish a toll gate and it was resolved to offer Mr Robertson of Gellibrand Hill 8 pounds to ascertain the traffic on the road and to call for tenders for the erection of a toll house and gate on the Broadmeadows Road opposite Mr Robertsons house. (I have seen no mention of a toll gate near Gellibrand Hill. The toll gate at the intersection of the roads to Broadmeadows and Bulla Townships at Tullamarine and the one at Pascoe Vale would have dealt with travellers likely to pass Gellibrand Hill on the way to Sydney or McIvors Diggings at Heathcote. The local farmers would have hated having a toll gate near Dundonald because they would have been paying tolls every day. The toll gate would most likely have been placed at the intersection of Mickleham and Somerton Rds but there is no mention of a toll gate in that area in the 1863 rate record of the Broadmeadows Roads District.)
Henrietta Robertson (d.22-6-1867 at 76) and Peter Robertson (d.22-10-1876 in Yuroke aged 79) are both buried at Campbellfield.(A list of people buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery, labelled drawer 3 No.11,lists the Robertsons of Gowrie Park, north of present-day Hadfield, and Alex. W.(27-6-1930),Elizabeth (28-4-1919) and Sterbinella (24-1-1867), but not Henrietta or Peter. Therefore I presume they are buried in the graveyard of Scots Church on Sydney Rd.) The Robertsons arrived from Scotland about 1853-4.
The Johnson family arrived from Huntingdonshire in 1852 and John Johnson worked in Moonee Ponds for Peter McCracken.(Peter McCracken was on Stewarton,the part of Gladstone Park north of the Lackenheath Dr. corner, from 1846 to 1855. It was probably here that John worked for him. Peter owned a dairy at Kensington (1855-63) and Ardmillan, bounded by Mt Alexander Rd, the line of Trinifour St, Waverley St and Derby St at Moonee Ponds (1855-71), but they were a bit far from Greenvale unless John lived on the farms instead of travelling to work each day. Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the creek and was invariably used to describe the location of Stewarton.)
John Johnsons son, William, purchased land at Drummond in 1856 as did Peter and Robert McCracken. John went to manage this property and in 1861, John and William bought the McCracken land. William became a prosperous Drummond/Malmsbury identity. His son, John, purchased Glendewar at Tullamarine in about 1906 and retained it until his death in 1948.Glendewar was sold in 1951 (probably mostly to Mr W.Smith with A.A.Lord owning the 80 acres including the Hills Danby Farmand part of Glendewar, which with the Lanes Gowrie Park comprised section 14.) From about 1919 to 1934, John Johnson leased, and the family lived on,Cumberland adjacent to Glendewar.


Evelyn Brown (P.O.Box 509, Dickson A.C.T.2602) is:
The great grand-daughter of William Johnson
The grand-daughter of John Johnson who bought Glendewar.
The daughter of Walter Frederick Johnson and Emma (McKenzie).
Emma worked for a time at Woodlands before marrying Walter in 1924.
I PRESUME that the John Johnson who worked for Peter McCracken was Evelyns great great grandfather.


MR W.JOHNSON OF SPRING PARK. (M1)
The Essendon Gazette of 22-7-1909 contains the obituary of Mr W.Johnson of Spring Park, Essendon, who was well known in pastoral circles. The 73 year old pioneer was born in Huntingdonshire, England and came to the Port Phillip District 57 years ago*. A resident of Drummond, near Malmsbury, he was an early breeder of Lincoln sheep. He moved to Essendon in 1903. (P. 127, The Annals of Essendon Vol.1, R.W.Chalmers.)
Williams widow, Wilhelmina, was still living on Spring Park when their third son, James Alexander (born 28-6-1874, died 28-9-1913) was buried in the ninth row of the Church of England section of Bulla Cemetery. John Johnson (D.14-3-1948 at 81) and Blanche (D.12-7-1951) are buried in this row also. The cemetery is at Melway 177, H/8.
*At the age of about 16, so I presume his father, as well as his son, was named John.

JOHNSTON OR JOHNSON? Greenhill (M2)
Broadmeadows ratebook of 1863 mentions three pieces of property in the parish of Yuroke owned by John Johnston. They were:
a farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds) listed immediately after those of Donald and John McKerchar and before entries for the square mile south of Somerton Rd and bisected by Mickleham Rd.
a farm (N.A.V. 54 pounds), known to be his grant, lot E of section 22 at the north west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds, which consisted of 97 acres 2 roods and 35 perches. He called it Greenhill.
A house (N.A.V. 9 pounds) that seems to have been overlooked and then inserted before
John Johnston was 51 when elected to the Broadmeadows Roads Board (1858?) and, although he remained a member only until 1863, he remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History by Andrew Lemon.)
After W.W.1, Reg Poole renamed Greenhill as Lancedene. (Jack Simmie of Harpsdale.)
Was John Johnston the father of William Johnson? His surname seems to have been consistently written with the T, but that does not necessarily mean it was right. It is a strange coincidence that Reg.Poole took over the Johnston grant and Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole.

GELLIBRAND COTTAGE.(A MYSTERY)
At first I thought this might be related to Gellibrand Farm, which was advertised for sale in the Melbourne Morning Herald of 11-12-1849. It was 10 miles from Melbourne , was enclosed by a new fence and had a cottage, dairy and two double huts for workers. A 10 mile radius takes in Camp Rd, Broadmeadows but in a line towards Gellibrand Hill, it extends only to the Mickleham Rd turn off. The 10th mile post on Bulla Rd was outside the Parrs farm The Elms south of the Link Rd corner. As the crow flies, it is 19 km, or nearly 12 miles to Swain St, the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park from Mickleham Rd, which indicates the southern boundary of the parish of Yuroke. As the reference to Gellibrand Cottage, parish of Yuroke, seems to come from a document, we must discount any possible locations south of Swain St- Mladen Court.

The land east of Section Rd, Greenvale, allotment C of section 2, was granted to Leonard James and George Wolfenden Muchell (sic) in 1843. This was subdivided and sold to Messrs Lavars, Bond, Salisbury, Johnson, Davidson, and in 1854, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7. Part of lot 6 became the church site in Providence Lane. (Greenvale: Links with the Past by Annette Davis found in the Bulla file at the Sam Merrifield Library, Moonee Ponds.)

Notice that one of the above buyers was Mr Johnson. I wonder if this was John Johnson who had been working for Peter McCracken at Stewarton two miles to the south. There is no mention of a Peter or Henrietta Robertson in the 1863 ratebook despite the fact that they were living in a house near Gellibrand Hill on the 23rd of February in that year. Neither does the surname Johnson appear. Was John Johnstons house (N.A.V.9 pounds) or farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds and therefore about 40 acres) where Peter and Henrietta Robertson were living without paying the rates? As Henrietta was 72 and Peter 66, it is possible that they were guests of a 56 year old Johns(t)on. It is not possible to determine where Johns(t)ons house and small farm were but it is likely that they were between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd.


PETER AND HENRIETTA ROBERTSON. (THE INVISIBLE RESIDENTS)
The only Robertson mentioned in 1868 rates or directories related to the area near Gellibrand Hill was D. Robertson. He was not a son of James Robertson Senior or Junior of Upper Keilor. Keilors rates of 1868 show that D.Robertson had 163 acres. This was almost certainly Barbiston. The 1868 directory for Oakland Junction describes D.Robertson as a farmer of Chester Hill. Barbiston is in Tullamarine between Barbiston Rd and the river to the south. Chester Hill was not a big farm and was probably across either Oaklands or Somerton Rd from Woodlands.
Was this D.Robertson a son of Peter and Henrietta? Were they staying with him? Were Peter and Henrietta related to and living with James Robertson (of the Gowrie Park, Campbellfield family) who by 1879-80 had 217 acres at Somerton? This must have been near Patullos Lane as House Names of Essendon P. 19 describes Kinross as being in Sydney Rd, Craigieburn when the clearing sale was held in October 1919. Kinross was almost certainly in the parish of Yuroke, whose eastern boundary is Merri Creek between OHerns Rd and a point just north of where Sydney Rd crosses Malcolm Creek.
An inspiration has rendered Peter visible and perhaps established a link with D.Robertson of Chester Hill/Barbiston. The last time I perused the list of founders of Bulla Presbyterian Church (about six years ago), a name struck me as one Id never heard of. The list includes P.Robertson and D.Robertson. (P.58, Bulla Bulla, I.W.Symonds.)

THE GREENVALE CONNECTION. (Robertson, Johnson, McKerchar, McNab.)
As you have stated, Peter and Henrietta lived on Broadmeadows (Mickleham) Rd near Gellibrand Hill. A Mr Johnson bought a subdivision block on Machells grant in the early 1850s just north of the hill and perhaps built Gellibrand Cottage. Donald McKerchar owned Greenan just across Somerton Rd from Machells grant. In 1863, Angus and Duncan McNab were leasing a fair slab of the Dunhelen Estate from G.S.Brodie. They were leasing a farm (N.A.V. 113 pounds so probably 250-300 acres) as was Samuel Hatty whose entry comes between those of the McNabs and Donald McKerchar. Hatty also had the 100 acres between Sherwood (Oaklands Hunt Club) and Ballater Park so it is likely that his two farms adjoined. On this basis, I would presume that Hatty and the McNabs were on the part of Dunhelen west of Mickleham Rd that later became Thomas G. Halls Kentucky and was between Greenvale/ Greenan and Dunhelen Lane. This supposition is confirmed by the Broadmeadows directory of 1868 which lists:
Angus McNab, farmer, Euroke and
Duncan McNab, farmer, Green Gully.
Green Gully was where Somerton Rd crossed the start of the Moonee Ponds Creek just east of Woodlands.
The following was supplied by Keith McNab. The children of Angus McNab and Mary were:
Janet or Jessie, born 1816 and married E. Robertson.
John, born 1818, married Mary Grant, established Oakbank.
Donald, born 1820, married H.Robertson.
Duncan, born 1822, married M.McPherson, established Victoria Bank.
Mary, born 1824, married John Grant.
Christina, born 1826, died at 17.
Catherine, born 1828, married John McKerchar.
Finlay, born 1830, married A.Stewart.
Angus, born 1832, married R.McIntosh.

The above confirms that Helena Robertson married Donald McNab but also shows another possible connection with Peter Robertsons siblings or children. Is this why D.Robertson was farming Barbiston just across McNabs Rd from Oaklands and the original Victoria Bank?
The Macintosh family was farming Peter Youngs old Nairn, across Oaklands Rd from Dunalister (now Balbethan) in 1868 and this is probably why the McNabs bought land just to the west, across St Johns Lane, later on when Walter Clarks Glenara Estate was subdivided.
I wonder if the Robertsons came out with the McNabs in 1839 aboard the David Clarke. Jessie McNab, at 22 or 23 may have already been married.

Why were Duncan and Angus at Greenvale in 1863 and 1868? Duncan established Victoria Bank but consisting only of 180 acres squeezed between John Grants Seafield and his brother Johns Oakbank, it probably wasnt large enough. Angus, the last born couldnt expect a share of section 8, Tullamarine so Duncan probably divided his time between the two farms until Angus became established. Duncan left for Lilydale in 1869 but his sons, John and Angus returned in 1880 with the latter establishing a second Victoria Bank between Barbiston Rd and Ritchies Aucholzie.

THE JOHNSONS.
Glendewar was mainly situated in section 15 of the parish of Tullamarine, along with the northern part of Chandos (Judds), Wallis Wrights Sunnyside, Nashs Fairview, a triangular farm on the north corner of Grants Lane known later as Paynes Scone and a triangular farm of 77 acres between Glendewar and Victoria St (known locally as Nashs Lane, but now called Greenhill St and closed) owned for some time by the Love family, which had a dairy farm north of Conders Lane on whose corner (Link Rd corner) stood State School 2613 from 1884 until 1960. North of Grants Lane and west of Scone was section 14. Gowrie Park comprised 560 acres of this section. The north eastern corner of section 14, a triangle cut off by Bulla Rd and consisting of 80 acres, seems to have been split into three: the remainder of Glendewar, the Hills Danby Farm of 20 acres, and part of a farm mainly in section 16 that stretched to the southern boundary of Woodlands. Phil Hill later moved to St Albans and Danby Farm seems to have been absorbed into the third farm.
William Dewar named Glendewar and lived there until 1886-7. (Victoria and its Metropolis P.515.)
While the Johnsons lived at Glendewar, the local youngsters, such as Wally Mansfield, were invited to use its tennis courts and an informal club developed. Wally said that one of the Johnson girls was a very good player. Wally and other young men such as Jack McKenzie used to cut firewood on Cumberland with a steam-driven cross cut saw (which Wally called a chain saw) and sell the many tons of wood to the Woodlands Homestead. Both the Mansfield and McKenzie relationships through marriage with the Johnsons will be discussed later.

Bullas ratebook of 1914-5 shows that John Johnson had Glendewar of 407 acres. Phillip Hill was leasing Danby Farm of 20 acres while James Henry (Da) Parr was leasing the 77 acres on the east side of Glendewar. Alf Wright was leasing 205 acres from the estate of John Mansfield that probably included Scone and 125 of the acres between Danby Farm and Woodlands. William Henry Croker (a solicitor who lived at Williamstown) owned the Woodlands house and 100 acres. The other 520 acres of Woodlands, confusingly called Cumberland, was owned by the foundation President of the V.F.L., Alexander McCracken, who also owned the 880 acres of Cumberland (section 7, Will Will Rook). His country retreat (from his North Park mansion in Woodland St, Essendon), was mainly used by the Oakland Hunt for pursuing hares. James Lane had Gowrie Park.

In 1922-3, Alf Wright was leasing Glendewar (house and 404 acres, part sections 14 and 15) from Macarthur Bros. John and Blanche Johnson were leasing the 512 acres between Danby Farm and Woodlands from Trust and Agency. Walter F. and Reginald Graham Johnson were leasing 504 acres of Woodlands from the same company.
Benjamin and Mrs Cowra Chaffey owned the Woodland Homestead and 164 acres and were leasing the 206 acre Sherwood from Dickenson. Phillip Hill still owned Danby Farm. Despite the supposed sale of Gowrie Park for an airport, James, John and Roderick Lane still owned it, and Payne had just replaced Alf Wright as lessee on Scone. William Anderson had just replaced J.H.Parr as lessee on the triangular block, now 74 acres, between Glendewar and Nashs Lane.
The Johnsons had 1016 acres west of the creek, despite having left Glendewar, and Broadmeadows ratebook of 1920-1 reveals that Joseph Johnson had just replaced Vivian Inglis as lessee of the 880 acres of Cumberland. This was also owned by Trust and Agency. The company obviously had no qualms about the ability of the Johnson family to efficiently farm a total of 1896 acres.

JOHNSON RELATIONS.
McKENZIE.
Kenneth McKenzie, a native of Ross Shire, Scotland, came to Victoria in 1852 and worked as a teacher. Later, after leasing land at Gisborne, he took up land at Oakbank, Diggers Rest, where he farmed for 30 years. For some time auditor of Bulla Shire, he died at Oakbank on 19-6-1900 at the age of 68. He and his wife Christina (nee Campbell) had one son, Charles, and two daughters. Charles, born on Oakbank in 1872 and educated at Diggers Rest School, took over the farm in 1900. In addition, he had a large threshing , chaff-cutting and stone-crushing plant. He married Sarah Ann Caldow of Winchelsea and they had one son, Jack, and five daughters, one of whom became Mrs Johnson of Glendewar and later Cumberland. Apart from involvement in the Royal Agricultural Society and foundation membership of the Victorian Country Party, Charles served as Sessions Clerk at Bulla Presbyterian Church from 26-11-1911. His son, John Alexander McKenzie (Jack) became a trustee of the church in 1949. (Bulla Bulla. I.W.Symonds)
Jacks community service has been recognised by the City of Hume by the naming of a reserve at Bulla in his honour.

MANSFIELD.
Irene Gladys Mansfield married Reginald Graham Johnson on 14-2-1925.
Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole (Reg?)
Ernest Hunter Mansfield married Lilian Minnie Hickox on 7-4-1934. Lilian was born on 1-6-1904 in Drummond to John Alexander Hickox and Wilhelmina (Johnson.)
N.B.John Johnson had married Blanche Georgina Hickox. etc.
The above is from The David Mansfield Story by Neil Mansfield of Longford. The book costs $40 but will save you hundreds of bucks and hours as well as supplying many photos you might not otherwise obtain.
Some photos are:
P. 403. Reg G. & Irene, E.H.Mansfield & Lilian (Hickox).
P. 403. E.H.Mansfield & Irene at Regs Strathmore home, addresses in article.
P.410. Four members of Hickox family including Wilhelmina (nee Johnson.)
P. 411 Regs wife as a child.
P.412. Wedding photo of Reg. And Irene including Blanche (Johns wife), Ettie Johnson, William Johnson.
P. 413. Big one of Reg. and Irene.
P. 414. Irene in fancy dress.
P.415. Irene and E.H.Mansfield at Roseleigh in Mansfields Rd.
P.420. Family tree of Reg and Irenes descendants to great grandkids with photos for all.
P.428. Wedding of Regs son in 1951 and more following.
P. 438. E.H.Mansfield and Lilian.
P. 440 and 441. Wilhelmina Hickox (Johnson).
P.442. Regs wife and Lilians husband as young adults.
P.444. Ettie and Blanche Johnson, Lilian (Hickox).
Lilian in front of Cumberland house with white hair.
P.462, 464. Pictures of Michael Mansfield playing for Geelong so you can name-drop about your extended family.
P. 477. 1918 photo of S.S.2613 pupils including Irene (Regs future wife), Blanche W. and Ettie Johnson.
P.481. Marjory Gladys Johnson as flower girl for Dorothy Mansfield on 5-10-1935.
P.525. Joe Palmer (who married Agnes Johnson according to the Cumberland entry in House names of Essendon by Lenore Frost), Ettie Johnson, Jack McKenzie,Blanche W.Poole (Johnson).
P. 592. Bill Johnson holidaying at Altona with the Mansfields.
P. 655. 1916 photo of S.S.2613 pupils showing Wally Mansfield probably has several Johnsons in it.
P.658. The Johnson family (Ettie, Bill, Reg, Agnes Georgina, Blanche W., Blanche and husband John) plus visitor (Wally Mansfield who told me about the tennis) c. 1920.
P.678. Lilian (Hickox) at Roseleigh, and Rene Johnson in 1985.

.
As this took from 4 p.m. on 1-11-1999 until 6:35 the following morning to complete, not counting maps, I hope it will be of some use to you. If you find it to be of value to you, you might consider making a small donation to the Broadmeadows Historical Society through John Ness of 13 Pines Grove, Oak Park,Vic. 3046.Feel free to contact me if you need any more help.




Dear Keith,
As I mentioned on the phone, Ive been to the titles office and while Ive found nothing relating to Peter Robertson in the parish of Yuroke (and need to look up the many other Peter Robertsons), Ive found the exact land owned by John Johnson near Gellibrand Hill.

Leonard James Machell and George Wolfenden Machell sold portions of their grant, allotment C of section 2, parish of Yuroke to:
Her Majesty the Queen (Volume L folio 692), James Simpson (N 340), Thomas Dutton (U 120), William Bond (no reference to volume etc in index), John Johnson (U 382), S.Davidson (U 689), John Salisbury (U 691), John Lawrence (Z 510) and John Lavars (13 404). (1st series index vol.11 folio 204)
Note that G.W.Machells co-grantee was not L. James as previously stated, repeating an error in a source.

The first series index was consulted re John Johnson (8 68) and John Johnston (8 29) and the second series index re Peter Robertson (14 141) but no mention was made of land in Yuroke. It is interesting that the sale of land in Drummond was listed under John Johnston (55 394), which confirms my suspicion that Williams father owned the land on the n.w. corner of Craigieburn and Mickleham Rd.
The second series index gives the same reference for John Johnson and John Johnston, Vol. 8 folio 396. This listed the sale of lots 1, 2 and 3 on the Machells grant to Samuel Mansfield. Before detailing this, I will return to John Johnsons original purchase from the grantees.

VOLUME U FOLIO 382.
On 2-2-1853, John Johnson paid the Machells 94 pounds to purchase lot 1 of their subdivision, which consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Commencing a chain (the width of Mickleham Rd) from the south east corner of allotment C, its boundary went 13.5 chains west, 10 chains north along the lot 2 boundary, 13.1 chains east along a one chain road (Providence Lane) and then south 10 chains to the commencing point.
Mickleham Road was wrongly described as running along the eastern boundary of section 2 to the Sydney road. Mickleham Rd actually bisects section 2; it runs along the eastern boundary of allotment C. The interesting point is that with Somerton Rd being called the Sydney road, much traffic to Sydney and McIvors Diggings must have turned right there instead of continuing past Marnong and Donnybrook Lane onto Old Sydney Rd, which emerges at Wallan.

VOLUME 143 FOLIO 996.
On 14-10-1864, Samuel Mansfield (related through later Johnson & Hickox weddings) bought lots 1,2 and 3 of the Machells subdivision from John Johnson for 250 pounds. This was almost certainly the farm (N.A.V.18 pounds) on which John Johnston was assessed in 1863. Lot 1 consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Lots 2 and 3 each consisted of 13 acres and 2 roods. The western boundary of lot 3, which was at the south west corner of allotment C, adjoined allotment B (the eastern half of the former timber reserve).
Lots 1-3, described as 40 acres and owned by Sam Mansfield and later Harry Swaine, were bounded by the line of Swain St, a southerly extension of Section Rd, Providence Rd and Mickleham Rd. ( Melway reference 178, H/11.) Was Gellibrand Cottage on that 40 acres?
14-12-1999
Dear Keith,
The hunt for Gellibrand Cottage continues.
As has been stated previously, John Johnson purchased Lot 1 of the Machells subdivision on 2-2-1853 and sold lots 1, 2 and 3 to Samuel Mansfield on 14-10-1864. If Gellibrand Cottage was not on lot 1, it was most likely that it was on lots 2 or 3, near the hill. I decided that the next step should be to examine the Machell memorials and follow the ownership of lots 2 and 3, hopefully to Peter Robertson.
L 692.
The original grant, issued on 22-6-1850, had been wrongly made out in the names of Leonard Machell, James Machell and G.W.Machell. The original grant was surrendered on 3-2-1851, Her Majesty undertaking to issue L.J. and G.W.Machell a new and correct grant as well as paying them 10 shillings.
N 340.
I forgot to mention that this might be a mortgage, which it turned out to be. James Simpson was a bank President. Len and George mortgaged the property on 18-8-1851 for 150 pounds, possibly to build Gellibrand Cottage. I thought the other night that Peter Robertson might have been renting Donald Kennedys Dundonald homestead slightly east of Gellibrand Hills summit, but I dont think Kennedy would have taken kindly to a tenant applying another name to the house, so this possibility is unlikely.
U 120.
On 27-1-1853, Thomas Dutton paid 67 pounds 10 shillings for lot 5, which was on the northern side of Providence Rd (to which it had a 13 chain frontage starting 14 chains from the eastern boundary of Allotment C- this included the one chain width of Mickleham Rd.). The western boundary of 10 chains separated it from lot 4. William Bond was to have access along the un-named Providence and Section Roads. I have a feeling that Dutton actually acted as an agent for William Bond as Duttons index pages (from 4 302) do not mention him selling this land.
U 689.
On 4-2-1853, Samuel John Davidson paid 74 pounds 5 shillings what seems to have been lot 4. Consisting of 13 acres 2 roods, it was bounded on the west by the government (timber) reserve, on the north by land bought by Lawrence (see Z 510) and on the east by Duttons (lot 5). In my haste, I traced later owners thinking I was dealing with the supposed Gellibrand Cottage site. Davidson sold to James Hooper (Y 529) who then sold it in two portions to Thomas Mallows (95 955) and Henry Papworth (195 573). Mallows also seems to have bought land from John Lawrence and sold the site(on lot 6) of the Wesleyan Church, which opened in 1869. This seems to have been belatedly memorialised on folios 559 and 560 of volume 814. Mallows also sold land to Enoch Hughes (296 774) and James Musgrove (327 72). Hughes sold his land to James Haberfield who sold it to Paul Clegg.
U 691.
Patrick Courtney had previously paid the Machells 74 pounds 5 shillings, but on 16-2-1853 John Salisbury paid Courtney 80 pounds and became the owner. The land consisted of lot 2 of 13 acres 2 roods and another 13 acres 2 roods, which was at the south west corner of portion C.
Z 510.
On 4-2-1853, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7, shaped like an upside-down L. Lot 6 obviously fronted Providence Rd, east of lots 4 and 5, while lot 7 ran the whole width of allotment C between lots 4,5 and 6 and Lavars purchase (see 13 404). The boundary of the 64 acres 4 perches bought by Lawrence commenced on the west side of Mickleham Rd, ran 13 chains 9 links westward on the north side of Providence Rd, 10 chains to the north along lot 5, 27 chains to the west along lots 5 and 4, 13 chains north along the western boundary of allotment C, 39 chains 11 links east alongside lot 8 and 23 chains south along a government (Mickleham) road to the commencing point.
Entries in the second series index (V.9 f. 229) reveal that Lawrence sold land to the Primitive Methodists (168 773) and (John?) Bond ((241 211).
13 404.
On 7-6-1854, John Lavars paid 2400 pounds for what seems to have been 200 acres, based on lot 7 (64acres- 13. 5 = 50.5) being about a quarter of its north-south extent and hence its size. His boundary commenced at the north west corner of allotment C being the centre of the Deep Creek and Sydney road. Its boundaries measured:
36. 90 (north), 54. 50 chains (east and west) and 39.11 chains (south).
I believe that Lavars purchased lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, each with a Mickleham Rd frontage of 13.6 chains, making up the 200 acres that Annette Davis claims he owned (Greenvale:Links with the Past).
Next, I need to trace ownership of lots 2 and 3 after John Salisbury.
Z 346.
Salisbury seems to have been a shrewd speculator. Hed obtained lots 2 and 3 on 16-2-1853 by allowing Patrick Courtney to make a 5 pound 15 shilling profit on the 74 pounds 5 shillings Courtney had already paid to the Machells. What puzzles me is how Salisbury had obtained lots 2 and 3 for only 80 pounds when John Johnson had paid 94 pounds for half as much land a fortnight earlier.
I was hoping to find that lots 2 and 3 passed into the ownership of Peter Robertson before John Johnson acquired it. Such was not the case.
On 2-7-1853, John Johnson paid Salisbury 350 pounds plus a further 10 shillings for lots 2 and 3. In less than five months, Salisbury had made a 437 percent profit. John Johnson must have really wanted that land! It is interesting that he had access to a fair amount of money.
SPECULATION.
Was it possible that Peter Robertson was involved in supplying John Johnsons quickly acquired cash? This would explain how Robertson had a residence called Gellibrand Cottage, near Gellibrand Hill (hence on Johnsons lots 1-3 or on Dundonald) in 1863 without paying any rates, which he would have done if hed been leasing the cottage. Had Peter Robertson become an insolvent? Had the Johnsons and Robertsons been acquainted before migrating or through the Stewarton connection? Peter McCrackens wife, Grace, was one of the three children of Coiler Robertson and Jeannie (nee McDonald- daughter of Robert McDonald and Isabella nee Robertson) and it is possible that Peter was Coilers brother or a relative of some sort. Coiler leased La Rose (bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Bell St, Rose St and Reynard St: Melway 29, B/1) from 1845 and bought it in 1852. Has there been any mention of this farm in oral family history? Deidre Farfor of 3 Parkside St, Malvern is right into the Robertsons and might have found some link between Peter Robertson and the Robertsons of La Rose or Gowrie Park (Campbellfield) or her mob from Upper Keilor.
If Im right about the T in Johnston being a mistake, John Johnson bought Greenhill from the Crown in 1864 according to a map and list of grantees from (I think) Bulla Bulla by I.W.Symonds. This might explain why he sold lots 1-3 to Samuel Mansfield in that year.

IS THIS THE RIGHT PETER ROBERTSON?
There are several Peter Robertsons in both the first and second series indexes (indices sounds corny!) However only one in each has no second Christian name. If I list where he had land, you might recognise from details you know whether this is our bloke. If he isnt the right one, could you suggest some second Christian names (e.g his sons names) to narrow down my search. Once I find the right one, Ill be able to give you details of land he owned (without being able to pinpoint it on a map unless its within a bike ride of Tullamarine).
There is no guarantee that only one Peter Robertson was involved with all of these land dealings and the second series index lumps together the dealings of Peter and Donald Robertson. Did our Peter have a son named Donald who ran the Ascot Vale Hotel C.1900?
1st Series 14 246.
Land in Jika Jika (possibly Fitzroy or further south), Melbourne South, Prahran, Whroo (where P.R. and the buyer lived).
2 nd Series Index 14 141.
Jika Jika (south of Brunswick/ Northcote), Melbourne South, Korkuperrimul, Sandhurst (Bendigo), Barrabool (near Geelong, I think), Ballarat, Melbourne North, Balmoral, Ascot Vale Hotel, Corio, Kalkallo (North of Craigieburn), Moorpanyal.

Can you supply me with some details about Peter Robertsons family such as the birth places of Peter and his wife (and her maiden name), names of their children (and dates/ places of birth) and places where they lived? Let me know if you want me to do any more title searches.

Gellibrand Cottage.
My conclusion is that this would have been built near the road on lot 1 or on the highest point of lots 1-3 on allotment C of Section 2, either by the Machells (in late 1851) or by John Johnson in 1853. If it was built by the Machells with the August 1851 mortgage money and was on lot 1, this would explain why Johnson paid 94 pounds for 13 acres while Salisbury paid only 80 pounds for 27 acres. The 40 acres of lots 1-3 would have been too small for an ambitious farmer, so it is likely that John Johnson leased land near Crowes Hill from the Crown prior to being issued with the grant for allotment E of section 20. (N.B. As the 1863 rates list Johnston, Mrs Crowe and William Highett as owners of land near the intersection (Melway 385, J/7), the grants must have already been issued).
My guess is that Johns(t)on would have built another house on Greenhill (N.A.V. 9 pounds), the one listed by the rate collector after Pysents forge and hotel at Craigieburn, leaving the lot 1-3 homestead vacant. If Peter Robertson was engaged in farming or otherwise busy, and not strapped for cash, why would the council (roads board), of which John Johnston was a member 1858 to 1863, insult him by offering him 8 pounds to count the traffic. If the Johnston house assessed was the Greenhill homestead, I wonder if John Johnston suggested to the Roads Board Secretary, Evander McIver, that a certain persons financial embarrassment might be eased if Evander forgot to assess Gellibrand Cottage.
It is likely that Johnstone St, which ran from Broadmeadows Township to the Broadmeadows Station but now includes the township (Westmeadows) deviation from the Mickleham Rd roundabout, was named after the early pioneer near Gellibrand and Crowes Hills, John Johnson er Johnston er Johnstone.
Merry Christmas.


A PHYSICAL SEARCH FOR GELLIBRAND COTTAGE. 14-12-1999.
Today I drove to Providence Rd and drove to Section Rd and back, which revealed little as no old buildings could be seen. Parking at the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park, I then walked up Swain St along the parish boundary. When a dog threatened to eat me alive, its owner called out to it and I used the opportunity to bring up the subject of old houses on what we know as the Machells subdivision lots 1-3. I neglected to ask his name and house number but I think the latter was 55 Providence Rd. Hed arrived at the end of 1970, just before the derelict Dundonald homestead was burnt down. He recalled two old houses at that time, one about 40 metres from Mickleham Rd and another on the present (No 85?) west of Mrs Hickeys. He said that both seemed to have been built in the early 1900s so it is unlikely that either was Gellibrand Cottage.

The first was probably built by Harry Swain. Seeing he owned all of lots 1-3, why wouldnt Harry have lived in Gellibrand Cottage? As Samuel Mansfield, who owned the property from 1864 until at least 1900 (he died on 24-8-1905) probably did not live there, the cottage was almost certainly derelict by the time Swain bought the 40 acres before W.W.1. Mansfield owned property fronting Keilor Rd and extending into the south west corner of Essendon Aerodrome where there was a house until about 1940, on the site of Airport West Shoppingtown and on the west side of McNabs Rd on the hill leading up to Mansfields Rd. Sam probably lived on his McNabs Rd property. In his Mickleham Road: 1920-1952, George Lloyd states: Farmers along there (left hand side heading towards Mickleham) were Len Butterworth (south of Freight Rd), then Wrights, Lockharts and Judds (between Freight Rd and the creek), Jack Orrs Kia Ora, Hattys Dundonnell (sic) and Harry Swain on the corner of Providence Lane. Around the corner there was a little Methodist church built in 1869.A few more houses and then you came to the Greenvale Sanitorium. The fact that George didnt know the residents down the lane, (most likely Amos Papworth on 19 acres including lot 4 and Walter Farmer on 66 acres, i.e.John Lawrencees old lots 6 and 7) shows that Harry Swains house must have been close to Mickleham Rd with a setback of only about 40 metres as stated. This house had to be demolished when the mansion on the corner of Swain St was built about ten years ago.
The second house, on the block past Mrs Hickeys, was demolished recently, but as it couldnt have been Gellibrand Cottage, it can be ignored. Proceeding past the giant house chimney being built as the first stage of a house, I came to some gigantic granite tors at the crest of the hill and then spotted what I was looking for, European plants of ancient vintage on vacant land. To my dismay, I found by walking due north that this site was west of the line of Section Rd and therefore on Section 1, not John Johnsons 40 acres. Perhaps the house which stood here was the one to which William Bond was guaranteed permanent access as a term of Duttons purchase (U 120).
On arriving home, I rang Mrs Hickey (actually her daughter), not a bad feat considering her number isnt in the phone book. She arrived in 1965 but seemed less sure about the two houses than her near neighbour. She did agree with his assessment of their age. Mrs Hickey did reveal that discussions with old Mrs Walters, lead her to believe that there were house foundations where the power line enters 75 Providence Lane. May Walters (nee Hilsberg) grew up on the corner of Bonds Lane and Mickleham Rd and later bought Ferdinand and Susan Lubecks house in Section Rd. This might have been Gellibrand Cottage. Mrs Hickey has undertaken to ask her mother in law, Mrs Irene Hickey, for further information. Apparently Irene was related to the Crinnions a very old family in the area. Mrs Hickey Jnr. asked me if I knew anything about the Crinnion’s farms and Im sure the material I will supply to them tomorrow will ensure their full cooperation.
WHILE LOOKING FOR DETAILS RE MAY WALTERS I DISCOVERED THAT HENTY PAPWORTH MARRIED ELIZABETH JOHNSON. They had nine children but Martha (3 YEARS OLD), Susannah (10 months), Sarah Ann (4 years) and Edward (17 years) were buried at Will Will Rook cemetery as were Elizabeth (died 1899 at 75) and Henry (!904 at 74).Sarah Jane and Martha Ann were baptised in the 1850's. (Greenvale:Links with the Past.)
neer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars purchase of the northern 200 acres of allotment C from the Machells on 7-6-1854, calls Somerton Rd the Deep Creek and Sydney Rd. Traffic from Deep Creek (Bulla) probably turned left at Mickleham Rd. My first supposition regarding Somerton Roads original name was probably wrong.later
It appears that William Bond, rather than Dutton, was the purchaser. Vol.398 folio 962 memorialises the conveyance of lot 5 from William Bond to James Musgrove on 17-1-1898 for 195 pounds. William Bond was described as a farmer of Bundalong South and James Musgrove, who ran an implements factory on the north west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, was described as an engineer of Greenvale.
Mallows hadnt bought part of lot 6.An inspection of V.814 f.559 and 560 of 3-9-1982, revealed that it concerned the Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (Victoria) being vested as successor to the registered proprietors of the church. William Bond, Thomas Mallows, Henry Papworth, Thomas Stranks, Thomas Collett, John Kingshott (blacksmith of Broadmeadows Township who was appointed to that townships schools Board of Advice so it wouldnt consist entirely of Presbyterians) and William Edis were probably appointed as the churchs trustees in the 1870s. The memorial was probably needed to transfer the property to the new body when the Methodist and Presbyterian churches merged.

It seems that Paul Clegg died and his land was conveyed to Mary Elizabeth Cuthbert, whose previous name was Mary Elizabeth Clegg. Mary came into possession of the land (V.474 f.431) and then sold two portions to Murray Dean (V.485 folios 175 and 726.) Murray Henry Dean then sold land to Heinrick W.Shreck on 24-11-1925 (516 790) and 3 acres 6 perches to Walter Watkins at about the same time. On 26-4-1938, Dean sold 6 acres 3 roods on the Section/Providence Rd corner to Henry Victor Palmer for 200 pounds. At the time Dean was living at 12 Royal Ave, North Essendon and Palmer was described as an auctioneer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?
A later memorial, 13 404, concerning John Lavars purchase of the northern 200 acres of allotment C from the Machells on 7-6-1854, calls Somerton Rd the Deep Creek and Sydney Rd. Traffic from Deep Creek (Bulla) probably turned left at Mickleham Rd. My first supposition regarding Somerton Roads original name was probably wrong.later
It appears that William Bond, rather than Dutton, was the purchaser. Vol.398 folio 962 memorialises the conveyance of lot 5 from William Bond to James Musgrove on 17-1-1898 for 195 pounds. William Bond was described as a farmer of Bundalong South and James Musgrove, who ran an implements factory on the north west corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, was described as an engineer of Greenvale.
Mallows hadnt bought part of lot 6.An inspection of V.814 f.559 and 560 of 3-9-1982, revealed that it concerned the Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (Victoria) being vested as successor to the registered proprietors of the church. William Bond, Thomas Mallows, Henry Papworth, Thomas Stranks, Thomas Collett, John Kingshott (blacksmith of Broadmeadows Township who was appointed to that townships schools Board of Advice so it wouldnt consist entirely of Presbyterians) and William Edis were probably appointed as the churchs trustees in the 1870s. The memorial was probably needed to transfer the property to the new body when the Methodist and Presbyterian churches merged.

It seems that Paul Clegg died and his land was conveyed to Mary Elizabeth Cuthbert, whose previous name was Mary Elizabeth Clegg. Mary came into possession of the land (V.474 f.431) and then sold two portions to Murray Dean (V.485 folios 175 and 726.) Murray Henry Dean then sold land to Heinrick W.Shreck on 24-11-1925 (516 790) and 3 acres 6 perches to Walter Watkins at about the same time. On 26-4-1938, Dean sold 6 acres 3 roods on the Section/Providence Rd corner to Henry Victor Palmer for 200 pounds. At the time Dean was living at 12 Royal Ave, North Essendon and Palmer was described as an auctioneer of POVERTY LANE, Greenvale. Had the depression so-affected people that Providence Lane had been renamed Poverty Lane or did the clerk mishear Palmers address?

VOLUME U FOLIO 382.
On 2-2-1853, John Johnson paid the Machells 94 pounds to purchase lot 1 of their subdivision, which consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Commencing a chain (the width of Mickleham Rd) from the south east corner of allotment C, its boundary went 13.5 chains west, 10 chains north along the lot 2 boundary, 13.1 chains east along a one chain road (Providence Lane) and then south 10 chains to the commencing point.
Mickleham Road was wrongly described as running along the eastern boundary of section 2 to the Sydney road. Mickleham Rd actually bisects section 2; it runs along the eastern boundary of allotment C. The interesting point is that with Somerton Rd being called the Sydney road, much traffic to Sydney and McIvors Diggings must have turned right there instead of continuing past Marnong and Donnybrook Lane onto Old Sydney Rd, which emerges at Wallan.

VOLUME 143 FOLIO 996.
On 14-10-1864, Samuel Mansfield (related through later Johnson & Hickox weddings) bought lots 1,2 and 3 of the Machells subdivision from John Johnson for 250 pounds. This was almost certainly the farm (N.A.V.18 pounds) on which John Johnston was assessed in 1863. Lot 1 consisted of 13 acres 1 rood and 8 perches. Lots 2 and 3 each consisted of 13 acres and 2 roods. The western boundary of lot 3, which was at the south west corner of allotment C, adjoined allotment B (the eastern half of the former timber reserve).
Lots 1-3, described as 40 acres and owned by Sam Mansfield and later Harry Swaine, were bounded by the line of Swain St, a southerly extension of Section Rd, Providence Rd and Mickleham Rd. ( Melway reference 178, H/11.) Was Gellibrand Cottage on that 40 acres?

Gilmore. W.Gilmore was a resident of Broadmeadows Township and must have been listed as a blacksmith in the 1863 assessments. It is likely that the surname was actually Gilmour. Hugh Gilmour was later a coach proprietor.

John Lavars established his hotel at Greenvale on the south west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds, not on the north west corner as on a map in "Greenvale :Links with the Past" by Annette Davis. The developer must have done a bit of checking and found the frequent error, LAVERS. See the titles information under JOHNSON above re John Lavars' purchases on Machell's subdivision.

20. R.K.Morgan had started his engineering business before W.W.2 on Pascoe Vale Rd. In 1961 the firm bought 35 acres of Gowanbrae on the flood plain from Stanley Korman's company,the Stanhill Group, and built the bridge across the Moonee Ponds Creek, which now forms part of the walking track. By 1978, Broadmeadows Council leased one of the disused buildings for a basketball stadium; a junior team from Tullamarine, run by a Spring St resident (whose name I have unfortunately forgotten) and myself, played there. Due to a lack of toilet and changing facilities, the council ended the lease at the end of 1982 and the basketball stadium was built near the Leisure Centre.
The rest of Gowanbrae, Ansell and (Neil) Cowan's dairy farm until about 1958 when Korman bought it, was now used for horse agistment apart from the drive-in at the north west corner. By the end of the 1980's Basil Elms was planning the subdivision of Gowanbrae. A change of Government in the early 1990's saw many cost-cutting reforms, such as amalgamation of councils, and the R.K. Morgan site was now in the City of Moreland. When a developer bought the Morgan land to subdivide, this council placed an advertisement asking for street names which were to meet certain criteria; they must have been as dismayed as I was about Basil Elm's choice of street names on the rest of Gowanbrae. One aim was to honour pioneering women and another was to do with the area's heritage.
C.P.Billot's "Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" was a warts and all tale about the City of Moreland pioneer. His teenage years were spent among convicts and his playmates would have probably been foul-mouthed, unwashed louts. His feelings for convicts earned him hard labour at Coal River (Newcastle) when he built a boat for some of them to escape from Van Dieman's Land. His father had been transported to Sullivans Bay at Sorrento in 1803, and young John and his mother had accompanied John senior. Collins moved his convicts to Hobart and John's father got his ticket of leave and a grant of land. Any income that came from the farm was squandered by young John's drunken father.

After putting up with the harsh conditions at Sorrento, having to support herself and her son while her husband served his sentence and enduring the convict stain all that time, one could imagine that for Hannah to see her husband pouring her hopes of a new life down his throat would have been the last straw. Her chance to escape such misery came at last; she had to return to England to claim an inheritance. But she returned and the inheritance almost certainly helped young John to become successful.

Youths before the courts usually blame bad influences for their misbehaviour and, as you can see, John Fawkner junior had bad influences in spadefuls. So how was young John steered through this minefield of peer pressure to become a model citizen. Billot claimed that John junior adopted Hannah's maiden name as a tribute to his mother upon her death, so this makes the answer pretty obvious. The following is an entry in DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND which gives a few more details about Hannah, her husband and the inheritance.

PASCOE.
This was the maiden name of a woman who performed miracles in Victoria 32 years before Melbourne was settled and later in Van Diemans Land. She was married to a silversmith who was convicted of stealing some raw material and when he was transported as a foundation inmate of Collins settlement at Sorrento, her love was so great that she decided to transport herself, as a free settler, to what could only be a hell-hole in a place untrod by the white man. She also took her young son John with her. Because Collins was unaware of Charles Grimes exploration of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers, and lack of fresh water was a problem at Sorrento, Collins moved to the site of Hobart. There, as in their short time at Sorrento, young John was surrounded by convicts who were illiterate, lazy, foul-mouthed, and drunk whenever the chance arose; most of the women convicts behaved like harlots. And yet in this environment Hannah instilled industrious and virtuous habits in her son although he naturally sympathised with the convicts. On 4-8-1806, presumably taking her 13 year old boy, she returned to England to collect an inheritance and seeing decent society again, she must have been sorely tempted to stay. But return she did and probably with her money supplying a kick-start, John demonstrated his versatility in business as a baker, firewood and timber dealer, publican, orchardist, newspaperman, bookseller and stationer. When Hannah died on 15-1-1825, John Fawkner Jnr. adopted her maiden name as his middle name as a mark of respect. If Hannah had not loved her unworthy husband enough to follow him halfway around the world, or if she had allowed her son to be corrupted by his environment, or if she had stayed in England to enjoy her inheritance, Victorias history would have been greatly different. (See F.26-30 for more details).


THE STUDEBAKER.

TULLAMARINE (By the Spirit of Tullamarine.)

MORE TULLAMARINE MEMORIES. (By the Spirit of Tullamarine.)

GLADSTONE PARK.

UP BULLA WAY.

THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON.(See the MANSFIELD journal.)
This story was told to me by Wally Mansfield in 1988-9. Both the poem and the court case between John and David Mansfield appear in the journal PIONEERS OF TULLAMARINE: MANSFIELD. David Mansfield had inherited "Roseleigh" whose homestead still stands in Mansfield Rd. The land north and south of Mansfield Rd had been bought from the Crown by John Pascoe Fawkner (on behalf of his cooperative) and subdivided in the early 1850's. Many of those who bought land on the north side moved on, the Grays near Deep Creek being one notable exception. Thus Roseleigh occupied blocks on both sides of the road. John Mansfield's property, probably "The Pines", was nearer the McNab Rd corner (Farnes Corner) and by erecting a fence across Mansfield Rd at the eastern end of his property on the north side of the road, David had denied John access to the water in Deep Creek. That the judge had indeed given the advice quoted in the poem is made highly likely by his refusal to consider the affidavit!

RITCHIE'S FOE.

THE HATTYS OF DUNDONALD.(SEE THE COMMENTS BELOW.)

THE EARLY 1970'S.


3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 6 months ago

PIONEERS OF TULLAMARINE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA: THE MCNABS AND GRANTS- pioneering Ayrshire breeders.

The McNabs were among the earliest pioneers of Tullamarine and are still there over 160 years later. At the time of writing (1:30 a.m.), I'm unsure whether anyone is doing a family history but I have a lot of anecdotes and property information, as well as some genealogy, supplied by Keith McNab. The Grant and McNab entries in my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND are many pages long but I do not have access to this information at the moment. "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present" (Alexander Sutherland, 1888) has entries about members of both families.

To start, I will quote a passage from "Tullamarine: Before the Jetport".

Section 8 in the parish of Tullamarine was granted to John Grant, John McNab and Duncan McNab on 28-5-1850. SEE ATTACHMENT. They had settled on this land in 1848.The 640 acre block was split into three: John Grant who had leased land at Campbellfield for 11 years and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to the mill on the Pipeworks Market site (Melway 7 J10), called his northern half "Seafield". He also bought a river frontage at the south corner of Barbiston and McNab Rds. John Grant donated the land on which Seafield National School operated from 1859 until the Conders Lane (Link Rd) S.S. 2613 opened in 1884.

Duncan McNab had the middle farm (180 ac.), which he called "Victoria Bank" and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale.In 1880, his sons John and Angus returned, the latter applying the farm name to to the former Ritchie land between Barbiston Rd and "Aucholzie". This was, if I remember correctly 93 acres. It was on the north side of Barbiston Rd as shown on the map. After subdivision of this farm, the corner block, containing the homestead, was called "Rosebank". The owner circa 1890 told me that two McNab descendants (elderly ladies) who lived at "Victoria Bank", a house in North Essendon, had paid her a visit one day.
John McNab called the southern quarter "Oakbank". The first Victoria Bank was absorbed into Oakbank as well as Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12), and another part of the Upper Keilor Estate at 4 B11, which now contains Oakbank Rd. His sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup, and Oakbank at Yendon, on the Geelong side of Ballarat.

The Victoria Bank branch of the McNab family seems to have had land in the Green Gully/Dunhelen area at the boundary of Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future Cairnbrae (north of 177 D1.)

John McNab, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly in-laws. Oakbank John's son, Angus Duncan McNab, married Elizabeth Meikle whom he'd met while mining in Queensland and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith, farmed Oakbank until its compulsory acquisition in about 1960 for the jetport.

Harry Peck (in Memoirs of a Stockman) said that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayrshires in Australia. The McNabs are said to have imported the first cow of this breed (Oakbank Annie) into the country, although the Grants claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab of Victoria Bank in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the suburb was named.)
The McNabs and Grants probably occupied at least one seat on the Keilor Roads Board/ Shire/ City from 1863 until 1973, with William McNab serving as President five times.

An article in one of the Keilor Centenary souvenirs (1963, of the Roads Board, I think)described how John McNab
was chased by aborigines while on his way home. In his architectural thesis on Arundel, K.B.Keeley had a picture of the first Victoria Bank homestead showing the slit windows which allowed rifle fire at hostile aborigines but were too narrow to permit entry for the attackers. Such attacks did happen and Tullamarine, after whom the parish was named, led an attack on John Aitken's "Mt Aitken" west of Sunbury.
The above documents were provided to the enthusiastic Rosemary Davidson at Tullamarine Library but when the Hume Library system was set up, these and other treasures, such as the article from the early 1960's about the CLAN McNAB'S long tenure being ended by the jetport, were removed to the Global Learning Centre at Broadmeadows.

THE STUDEBAKER. This poem can be seen in my journal RHYMES OF OLD TIMES IN TULLAMARINE.

TASMANIA.I found an article in trove about the Tasmanian stud book, which stated that Tasmania's Ayrshire herds were chiefly derived from "Oakbank". Entering McNAB, OAKBANK will produce 13 pages of articles (20 per page) about the family and its Ayrshires, including much genealogical detail. An article on the last page gives detail about the sale of Seafield and its history. A GRANT, SEAFIELD search provides similar information about the genealogy of this family and its Ayrshires. On the first page is a letter from John Grant's son headed FIRST AYRSHIRE COW IN VICTORIA which does not even mention the McNabs. Perhaps the rivalry regarding the pioneering of Ayrshires had turned nasty. To resolve which family's claim was correct, I would google Oakbank Annie and Seafield Annie to see which produces a result.

The rivalry, which brings to mind the Batman/ Fawkner claims about founding Melbourne, seems to have affected a closeness evident from the normal entrance from Grants Lane to Oakbank. The tree-lined drive passed through Seafield. According to Keith McNab, the entrance from McNabs Rd, which was the original entrance to what is now the Airport Golf Club, could only be used in dry weather.

The Reddans had a property called Seaview on the north side of Sharps Rd (west of Fisher Grove on the subdivision of "Dalkeith") and I had assumed that the names of both farms had derived from views of the bay. However the naming of John Grant's farm most likely has an aristocratic origin. John was probably letting everyone know that he was related to the Earl of Seafield!


FAMILY CONNECTIONS ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

FAMILY CONNECTIONS.
My apologies that many family connections have not been detailed but thanks to Janilye, I may now have time to finish this work. Some family connections from Moorooduc parish will be included in future journals.
EXTRACT FROM THE UNFINISHED PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY.
The purpose of this entry, as with all of my efforts, is to give family historians some real detail to include in their published works. Here I have listed family connections that have been included in many of our local histories, several of which are not available for borrowing. In some cases, I have included possible links with my former area of research-Tullamarine and miles around.
All map co-ordinates given for properties are from Melway directories.

By strange coincidence, someone had earlier decided on family connections being an interesting topic. Jennifer Nixons book was published in 2003 and is entitled: FAMILY CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO and PORTSEA. As this book is available for loan, I will not give its details. Here are the families and people mentioned (with page numbers as it has no index; but only for first or major mentions).
Skelton (throughout), Redman iii, 37-8, Miss Tayton iii, Miss Gunn (tchr) iv, Clark 8,11 12-25, Newton 8,11, 42-8, 92 Craig 9 11,67 Page 8, White 8, Quinnan 8, Mitchell 8, Hobson 8, Bennett 10,11,26, 71 Watts 11,29-36, 56 Morce 11,37-8, 83,122 Schlipalius 83-5, Heywood 11,49-50 Dark 11, 69-70, 76-9 92 Keating 12, 16-17 Leonard 12, Willis 12, Coulston 12, Clarke 12, Morgan 12,19-23 McIntosh 12 Mackinnon 22, 117 Reeves (policeman) 118 Mr Holman(Tchr) 22, Hughes 25, 109 (Robertson26, Aitken26 Waratah Bay),Wheeler 29, Pike 29,103, Myers 29, Evans 29, Guy 29, Cain 29,56, 71-5 Reardon 29, Dillon 30, Tramar (Tchr)31, 126, teachers in 1890s- Kemp, Sullivan, Daniels, Ford 36 90 Trentwith 37, Johnson 37,40-1, Holyhead 37, Price37, Ford 39,Mahood 41, Eltringham 42, Farnsworth 42,79-80 Knight 42, Watson 42,48 56,90,91-30 Gillett 42, King 42, Kentish 42, Dahl 42, Cottier 49, 75 Coker 49,52-3 Webb 49, Grayland 49, Bawden 49, Taylor 49, Jean Field 50, Boxey Williams 56, Jennings 56,75 Rowley 56, Hill 56, Hutchins 56, Erlandsen 56, Skillen 56, Tom Fox 56, Fritch 56, McKeown 56, Wong market gardens 56, Oscar Worth 56, Sapiano 61, shopkeepers 61-2, Norman Hall 75, Bevin 75, Spunner 75 Cairns 75, Johnston80-1, Lentell 81-2, Stringer 86-9, Sullivan90, Kenyon 90, Cannon 90, Grace 90, Murray 90, McGrath 90 Russell 92 McFarlan 92, Riley 52,Wilson 92-3 Mr Todgate Canterbury Jetty 96 Police fence petitioners of 1859 97-100 George Heaton 104, cab men who met the boats 106, Bensilium 108-9,120 Crawford 109, Yuille (Not the weird variations regarding Canvas Town in LIME LAND LEISURE) 109 Wooster 109-110, Popple 110, Croad 76, Goss 111, Allen 111-2 Williamson 112 Miss Burke (tchr) 111 Reddish 113 operators of the Baths 114 Kerr 115 Darbyshire 121-2, Robiliard 122
First pupils at 1090 Sorrento(in 1871) 124 Josiah Hiskens (tchr) 124, teachers123-9 Kemp 125 Wilson 94-5

SOURCE LIME LAND LEISURE
ADAMS-HOPCRAFT
Robert Henry Adams, son of Captain Henry Everest Adams, married Mary Jane Hopcraft. Marys family was farming at Melway 190 C8 (Wannaeue parish ) and on 178 acres between the start of Tucks Rd and Stony Creek in the parish of Balnarring. In December 1877, Robert applied for a licence for land, which was described as allotment 69 of section A, parish of Balnarring but was actually part A of allotment 69, granted to M.Byrne not too long afterwards. This was between Mornington-Flinders Rd and Tucks Rd and between John Hopcrafts Wannaeue land and William Hopcrafts Balnarring land.
Aha you say, thats how Robert met his future wife. That, however, must remain a mystery because they were married in 1873. What is known is why Robert wanted to move away from Adams Corner. Mary might have been a Methodist; certainly she had a strong dislike of some of Captain Adams seafaring ways, especially his love for the produce of his Vivyan Vineyard and his desire for youngsters to share his enjoyment. The family legend has it that she refused to live in the same house as the Captain.
For more details, see ADAMS CORNER by Ray Gibb at Dromana Museum.
CAIN-HUGHES
Owen Cains son Tom, of Rosslyn married M.Hughes.
CAIN-MURRAY
Owen Cains first son, Joseph (who drowned in 1889 at the age of about 47) married Ann Murray. Murray St is on Owen Cains Tyrone Estate. In 1864, Joseph Cain received the grant for allotment 1 of section 14 in the Township of Dromana. This was all the land fronting Pt Nepean Rd between Heales St and Verdon St with the exception of the 7/11 site, which was purchased by Josephs good friend George McLear.
Ann Murray may have been the daughter of Mrs Margaret Murray who was the teacher at Dromana Common School from November 1869 until at least 1873.
I have no evidence that Joseph lived in Dromana except that he was the owner and occupier of town allotments in 1865 and 1879 and was a good friend of George McLear. It is possible that Joseph was a fisherman or working for Peter Pidota with Robert Rowley, who was a resident of Dromana by 1861. John McLear, brother of Josephs mate George was one of Dromanas fishermen and it is possible that Joseph worked with him. Josephs drowning in 1889 was more likely as a result of his occupation than any recreational pursuit.
CAIN-HUGHES
Joseph Cains daughter, Julia, married James, the son of William Hughes. Hughes was engaged in limeburning. It is obvious that after Josephs death, Ann moved back to Rye to live with his parents near Canterbury Jetty Rd, which is not that far from Hughes Rd on whose west side Johanna T.Hughes had been granted 25 acres between Pt Nepean Rd and Labuan St in 1875.

CAIN-COOPER
Ada Cain, daughter of Joseph Cain and Ann (Murray) married Austin Cooper. As Joseph Cain had probably drowned by this time, Ann and her children were probably living in or near Tyrone. No mention of the Coopers appears in the rate records I have transcribed but one of my earliest works, an index for RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL BY Patricia Appleford (available at Rye Museum) reveals that the Cooper family is mentioned on pages 31, 34, 39, 40 and 53. BIRDIES AND BOGIES a history of the Rosebud Country Club reveals that one of the three sites considered for its establishment in about 1960 was a 146 acre farm with a house opposite Glen Lee in Boneo Rd owned by the Coopers.
CAIN-WATTS
Another of Joseph and Ann Cains daughters, Margaret, married John Francis Watts, one of whose claims to fame was as an enthusiastic driver of Coppins steam tram, which conveyed tourists from the Sorrento Jetty to the Ocean Amphitheatre.
CAIN- FORD
Owen Cains most prominent son, John, was a successful businessman and involved in civic affairs as the correspondent to the Board of Advice (responsible for provision of education between Dromana and the Heads) and as a councillor. John married Julia Ford, daughter of James Ford, a pioneer near Portsea. John must have spent a lot of time on the road travelling between his hotel at Portsea and his land at Rye and along Boneo Rd as well as the 130 acre allotment 21A of Wannaeue on the east side of Main Ridge Rd.

CAIN-JENNINGS
Michael Cain was a son of Joseph and Ann Cain. His son, Jack, married a Jennings girl.

CAIN-HILL
Owen Bigelow Cain, son of Michael Cain and Mary (Neville), married Ethel Hill. The Hill family is mentioned on pages 7,26-7,33-4,39,40,42,44,48,51,71,119,120,122, 144-151 and 157-8 of Patricia Applefords RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL.

THE BONEO CONNECTION-CASES ONE TO THREE!
CAIN-CAIRNS
Mary Agnes Cain, daughter of Michael and Mary (Neville), who was born during her parents brief residency in Adelaide, married Henry (Hill Harry) Cairns, son of the original Boneo pioneer, Robert. It is possible that Michael lived for a time at John Cains Boneo Rd property before moving to Nepean Parish and Harry and Mary Agnes were schoolmates at the Boneo School.


CAIN-WILLIAMS
Allice Cain, daughter of Owen Bigelow Cain and Ethel (Hill), married J.Williams. It is possible that Owen was managing allotment 4 Wannaeue for John Cain, living in the old house, which still stands just south of Bunnings. As in the case of the previous entry, it is possible that Allice and the mysterious J.Williams attended the Boneo school together. It is probable that J.Williams was a descendant of Edward Williams who received grants on both sides of Browns Rd just east of Truemans Rd. Williams earned renown as an almost superhuman harvester while earning the money to buy his land and carted the old Dromana (McCrae) lighthouse to the summit of Arthurs Seat. Later, Edward leased and bought the better part of S.S.Crispos grants in Rosebud West and built Eastbourne, which still stands at 17 William Crescent.
Edward Williams had arrived in 1855 aboard a ship that was to conduct a survey of Port Phillip Bay. The ships company was invited to enjoy the hospitality of the Burrells at the Arthurs Seat homestead and Edward met Mary Campbell, who had come to Australia with Robert Cairns and his family and found employment with the Burrells. Much has been said in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO and other histories of Jimmy the Squid Williams and Ned Williams (actually known as Ted according to Ray Cairns) who were both batchelors and dying a day apart (unmarried) were buried on the same day. Could it be that James Campbell Williams was not a bachelor or had a brother called John or James. Perhaps the brother had moved away from the area and thus missed out on becoming an identity.
CAIN-EDMONDS
Nora Cain, daughter of Owen Bigelow and Ethel (Hill) married Phil Edmonds. The Edmonds family farmed Edward Williams land near Truemans Rd and later took over Alex Cairns grant between John Cains allotment 4 and Boneo Rd.
CAIN-ROWLEY
Annie, daughter of Owen Bigelow and Ethel, married Robert Rowley. The information supplied by a Rowley informant differs in detail. Robert Rowley was born in 1876 and married Amie Margaret Cain.



CAIN-HILL
Ellen, daughter of Owen Bigelow and Ethel, married George Hill, who managed John Cains limekilns when John took over the Nepean Hotel (over the road from the Portsea hotel.)

SOURCE-THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO
CAIRNS-DRYSDALE
This entry concerns not two Peninsula families but pioneers on either side of the bay. Robert Cairns had married Mary Drysdale in Scotland and they traveled with Marys parents to Australia. Arriving in 1852, Robert and Mary settled at Boneo soon after, while Marys parents made their home on the western coast near the present town of Drysdale. Robert had intended to farm but found limeburning more lucrative. He had no trouble persuading his brothers, David and Alexander to join him a couple of years later.
CAIRNS-RUSSELL
John, the son of Robert and Mary, married Mary Russell. There were two men by the name of Russell involved in early peninsula history. Andrew Russell was a land speculator from the Essendon area who received a grant of land on the eastern side of Collins Rd in Dromana. Edward Russell had a lime station in Nepean parish in 1865. A map in LIME LAND LEISURE shows that this was on the western side of Dundas St just south of Owarra St. By 1879, Edward Russell was leasing 100 acres from the Crown in the parish of Wannaeue and he received the grant to this 103 acre property on the western side of the Truemans Rd tip site on 3-11-1880.
Edward was an old shipmate of John Watts but was not part of Johns desertion near Dromana. He probably wished he had been as he walked for two days to the Tootgarook Run to work for James Purves. He then worked as a limeburner for the Sullivans and drove cattle to the goldfields for the Skeltons. Edward Russell built his lime kiln in 1854 and probably operated it until Blair was granted the 163 acre allotment 19 of Nepean Parish on 19-6-1867.Hollinshed says that he then purchased 104 acres nearby, but we can assume that he started leasing it from the Crown at about that time.
We can assume that Mary Russell was the daughter of Edward Russell and his wife Mary (Stuart). Edward had met his future wife when he sought medical attention at the Quarantine Station where she was a nurse.
As you will see, this was not the only connection between the Cairns and Russell families. They were not exactly neighbours but the eastern boundary of Edwards land was only a mile and a half from the western boundary of Alexander Cairns grant. Perhaps the Russell children went to the Boneo school.
CAIRNS-PATTERSON
Mary, the daughter of Robert and Mary, married William Patterson, the son of James Patterson. Robert had moved in the 1870s to a new farm near Pattersons Rd in Fingal, which was surrounded by land granted to members of the Patterson family. William had married Christina, daughter of David Cairns but she died in 1877,five weeks after their third child was born. William later married Mary in 1880. The only child from Williams second marriage, William, married Ruby, the daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns and Elizabeth (Bucher).
CAIRNS-WILSON
Janet, the daughter of Robert and Mary, married Robert Wilson. It is presumed that Robert was a grandson of Henry William Wilson and son of Henry John Wilson. Under Godfrey Wilsons expansion of the family butchering business, land was bought at Boneo. Robert might also have been related to a George Wilson near Flinders.
CAIRNS-THOMPSON
David Cairns, brother of Robert, was married in Scotland to Janet Thompson. It is possible that relatives of Janet settled near Boneo. John and Percy Thompson had Wannaeue land in 1900, possibly near the Truemans and Browns Rd intersection. However John Thompson might have been the son of Widow Kettle (etc) near The Heads.
CAIRNS-RUSSELL
James, son of David and Janet, married Johanna (Hannah) Russell. (Russell details above.)
James Thompson Cairns supplemented the income from his farm (known as Alva Hill) by being Rabbit Inspector for the whole of the peninsula.
CAIRNS-RUSSELL
David, son of David and Janet, married Elizabeth Russell. (Russell details above.) David was known as Blacks Camp Davey. He purchased 52 acres near the Cape Schanck turn off in 1888 and according to place name records Cairns Bay was named after him; his nephew, Ray gives interesting insight into the naming of this bay (Melway 260 G12) in TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb. David broke his neck and was paralysed when he fell from a cart in 1897. He and Elizabeth ran a guest house at Flinders.
CAIRNS-RUSSELL
Christopher, son of David and Janet, married Margaret Russell. (Russell details above.)
In 1900, Chris was assessed on 140 acres, 32 d (and another illegible letter which I decided after five minutes of squinting might be r) and 9. Allotment 9 makes no sense whatever as Edward Connop seemed to have been farming that whole allotment as well as most of Edward Williams land near the Browns/Truemans Rd intersection.
It appears that Chris was farming allotments 32d and 32 f , west of the north south section of the Government Road, parts of which are now known as Eastbourne Rd, Hove Rd and Seamists Dr. He must have been leasing it from the Crown because it was granted to J.A.Bayford on 16-2-1905. This land, between the Rosebud Public Park and Recreation Reserve and Seamists Dr, consists of 140.002 acres and is indicated by Melway 171 A-C3.
Chris was not assessed on Wannaeue land in 1900 or 1920. He and Margaret might have had to move away from the area to make a living but it is possible that he was in partnership with Edward Russell on farms in the parishes of Nepean or Fingal whose rate records I have not transcribed. Edward Russell had been granted allotment 4 of section C Fingal, (on the eastern side of Rogers Rd), consisting of 80 acres and indicated by Melway 253 J-K 6. This land was only 400 metres north of land bought by John and Robert Cairns on the other side of Rogers Rd. Most of the children of David and Janet Cairns were buried at Dromana but Chris and James Thompson, both married to Russell girls, were buried at Rye.
Postscript.
Speculation is fine if there is no way of confirming it but I knew that confirmation could be obtained by consulting the microfiche of rate records at Rosebud Library. The first thing confirmed was my opinion of the illegibility and inaccuracy of many entries. I do have sympathy for the rate collectors however. At the turn of the century, many landholders had abandoned their properties due to the depression of the 1890s and subdivisions in Flinders and Nepean shires had led to an explosion in the number of properties assessed.
At the start of this entry, I mentioned the vague description of the 140 acres that Chris was farming in 1900. By 1909, John Airey Bayford, a teacher of Balnarring, had occupied his grant, which was described as 140 acres 32a 9Wa exactly the same wrong description as used for Christopher Cairns land. Incidentally, I believe Bayford was a descendant of Captain Airey, a pioneer in the Bulla area (177 C2) or George Airey, a pioneer near Aireys Inlet (511 D10).
Chris was assessed on this 140 acres (and 15 acres on allotment 2, the original grant to Robert, David and Alex Cairns) and had the former until at least 1903-4. By 1909, he was farming lot 3 of Barkers and was still farming there in 1912. The rate collector failed to mention whether it was in Wannaeue or Fingal. The map on page 62 of LIME LAND LEISURE shows that J.Barker sold Fingal land to James and R. Cairns, so I presume that block 3 was in Wannaeue on the pre-emptive right bounded by Browns, Grasslands, Limestone and Boneo Rds.
So it seems that Chris was not helping Edward Russell on the 80 acres that he owned near Rogers Rd. Edward did not have a farm in Nepean parish, but he did own one lot and a building at Sorrento.
He also owned lots 4 and 5 of section 12 at Dromana. These lots had been granted to R.D.Quinan on 30-3-1864 and each had a 20 metre frontage to Codrington and Verdon Streets, starting 40 metres from Hodgkinson St. In the 1909-10 assessments, Edward Russells name has been crossed out and replaced with that of Mrs C Cairns. The following yearss records show that Mrs C.Cairns was assessed on lots 4 and 5 of 12 Dromana, apparently now the owner. Forgetting to follow up the 88 acres on Barkers, I thought that since Edward Russell might have died, his daughter Margaret could have inherited the 80 acres on Rogers Rd as well.
In 1909-10 Edward Russell had been assessed on the 80 acres, 4c Fingal but in the next assessment this land had disappeared from the face of the earth; perhaps Edward had died and the rate collector did not know whom to assess.
It appears that Chris and Margaret became Dromana residents. Their children are listed in THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO but I did not record them. However, I think that Doug was their son and he married a descendant of the pioneering Griffith family of Dromana. (See Griffith- Cairns entry.)
CAIRNS-SYMONDS
Robert Cairns, son of David and Janet, married Annie Symonds. The Symonds family seems to have been based at Flinders; Isabella, James and John Symonds were assessed on property there in 1895. S.P.Symonds was leasing a block from Allison in Dromana in 1897. Robert became known as Back Road Bob because he lived on that part of Cape Schanck Rd that was renamed Bayview Rd. Bob owned one of the drags that met the bay steamers at Dromana Pier. His sons, Davey and George drove passengers to Rosebud and picnic parties to the Cape Schanck lighthouse.
CAIRNS-PATTERSON
Christina, daughter of David and Janet, married William Patterson. They had four children: James (B.1871), Janet (Mrs Warren, whose artistic husband Fred died young so she relied on her Dromana shop for a livelihood for decades), Sarah (Mrs Bucher: Arthur Ernest and D.R. Bucher were both farmers near Boneo in 1910), and Win (Mrs Haddow: the Haddows lived at the north corner of Pattersons Rd) (253 D8-9). In 1877, five weeks after Win (actually Christina) was born, her mother died. William married Christinas cousin (Mary, daughter of Robert Cairns and Mary (Drysdale) in 1880. Just to cement the Patterson-Cairns connection, William the only child from the second marriage married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.
(See The Cairns Family of Boneo.)


CAIRNS-McLEAR
Janet, daughter of David and Janet, married John McLear a professional fisherman of Dromana. They lived in a house that was demolished for the building of the drive-through bottle shop at the Dromana Hotel. As they were hardly neighbours, I would presume that they met at a dance or through a mutual friend, perhaps one of the Rudduck boys who farmed at Boneo.
CAIRNS-HADDOW
Henry, son of David and Janet, married Margaret Haddow. Henry was known as Rabbity or Carrier Harry because he conducted a daily service conveying passengers, fish and rabbits from Cape Schanck to the Mornington railhead. (Roberts son, Henry, was known as Hill Harry.) On what looks like 5-7-1863, A.Haddow had received the grant of allotment 9 in the parish of Fingal. This 141 acre block was bounded by Cape Schanck Rd, Patterson Rd and Grasslands Rd (Melway 253 D8-9). Carrier Harrier probably inherited this block On page 33 of MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN, Hector Hanson mentions that he worked for Bill Haddow down Flinders way digging spuds and milking cows. Taking a short cut through the bull paddock he was forced to take refuge in a tree with the mean jersey bull pawing the ground at its base. Hecs frantic whistles alerted George Haddow who came on a horse to rescue him.
CAIRNS-BUCHER
Edward, son of David and Janet, married Elizabeth Bucher. By 1910, Arthur Ernest Bucher and D.R.Bucher were farming Wannaeue land near and at Boneo.
The former had 30b of 50 acres, which by coincidence is adjacent to 50 acres granted to E.Cairns on 13-2-1923. Mt Arthur Ave. separated the two properties, which fronted the south side of Waterfall Gully Rd and extended from (almost) Bayview Ave. to Goolgowie St (Melway 170 H7.)
D.R.Bucher had Tweeddales grant of 187 acres bounded by Old Cape Schanck Rd, Grasslands Rd and Browns Rd. (170 E10) To the west of this triangular allotment, at the corner of Browns and Boneo Rd was allotment 2 granted to Robert, David and Alexander Cairns. (170 B11)
It is possible that the Buchers had been in the Boneo area earlier; I did not record assessments in the parish of Fingal. Edward was known as Rosebud Ted . His land on Waterfall Gully Rd might have earned him this title but I suspect that it was more likely because of his residence near the beach and his ownership of eight blocks on crown allotment 17 between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clarke Walk. His land was probably near McDowell St. In 1910, Edward and Elizabeth were both listed as contractors and Edward was also assessed on the 50 acres for which he received the grant and another 60 acres. As Mrs Cairns was assessed on 2 acres and building, Rosebud, Edward and Elizabeth were on the foreshore area known as the village of Rosebud; land on the south of Pt Nepean Rd was designated Wannaeue.
CAIRNS-BALDRY
John, son of Alexander Cairns and Janet (Dalgleish), married Emme Baldry. The Baldry family had settled in the Main Ridge area by 1900 and luckily I recorded that Albert Baldry was assessed in that year on 450 acres in Fingal. John Baldry had 161 acres in Wannaeue (Melway 254 E5.) Albert Baldrys land was probably near the south end of Greens Rd.
John Dalgleish Cairns was not assessed in the 1900 rates, at that stage being about 48 years old, having been born in 1852. This leads me to believe that he might have been traveling far and wide to seek work during the depression or was working on the Baldry farm or perhaps with his cousin James Thompson Cairns (the Shires rabbit inspector who happened to have the 80 acre triangle bounded by Greens, Baldrys and Limestone Roads.)
Ten years later, John Dalgleish Cairns was assessed on 163 acres (3 of 29a) and 150 acres (15ab). Mrs J.D.Cairns was assessed on 161 acres in Wannaeue. Approximations for the first two parcels of land are: Melway 190 C3 and 171 B-C11. I believe that the third was a total of 159 acres 6 roods and 47 perches (160.3.7) granted to the aforementioned rabbit inspector (254 E2, and the part of Greens Bush north of Limestone Rd.) J.D.Cairns received the grant for allotment 17 Wannaeue of 175 acres on 30-6-1916. (170 G10.) This land had frontages to Jetty, Grasslands and Browns Rds.

CHAPMAN-SHEEHAN. (page 77, Dreamtime of Dromana.)
George Chapman married Elisabeth Bain in 1865. I have a theory that Elisabeth was the daughter of the chap that built a flour mill on Lochton (177 A-E 4) in 1856 and that George had gone there when he arrived in 1857. Cay, (Fred) Chapman and Kaye had sold their grants (3 G-H 1-6) in about 1853 and it is likely that Fred was leasing Lockton when his haystack was destroyed by fire in 1856.
George came to Dromana in 1862 and after working as a bullocky (until his team was killed by a disease) and a carrier, he bought Sea Winds on Arthurs Seat in 1876.
Georges first son, John, married Edith Sheehan from Red Hill. John, born in 1866, took Edith to Western Australia in the gold rush of the 1890s. John and his brother set up a successful water condensing business in Kalgoorlie. Thomas returned to Red Hill after a few years to become an orchardist but John stayed and died in Bunbury during a typhoid epidemic in 1901. Edith returned to the Sheehan home in Red Hill with her little daughter.

SOURCE: LIME LAND LEISURE
CLARK-SKELTON See Family, Connections, Sorrento and Portsea by Jennifer Nixon.



* MEANS REFER TO Family, Connections, Sorrento and Portsea.
*CLARK-CLARK
William, son of John Boswell Clark and Mary Ann, married Maggie Clark. Was Maggie one of John Sullivans children? Those Courageous Hardy Women probably answers this question.
*CLARK-KEATING
Annie, daughter of John Boswell Clark and Mary Ann, married William Keating.

*COTTIER-DARK
William, son of (James?) married Lillian Dark. William Cottier (senior) rented land in the Safety Beach area and started the Rye Hotel on the Dromana hospital site, between Spencer Ave and the highway bend (Melway 159 K 5) in 1859. Later he obtained grants for land between Collins Rd and just west of Lombardy St but soon sold to Walter Gibson and moved to Rye, and with John Campbell started the Rye Hotel east of Napier St. William Snr might well have had a brother named James (who was the father of a William) James name has not been seen on a Kangerong parish map or in Kangerong rate assessments. If James had a son named William, so did William Snr, because the grantee of crown allotment 1 of section 6 in Rye Township was named as W.Collier Jr.
This allotment had a frontage of 100 metres to Collingwood St and 80 metres to Napier St. The rest of section 6 was occupied by the cemetery and State School, the latter having expanded into William Jnrs grant. A map on page 60 of LIME LAND LEISURE shows that William Jnrs grant was later occupied by Sullivan, Mrs Myers and facing the cemetery, Maxwells wine saloon. Interestingly, Tom Bennett and Edward Russell are shown as occupying the western end of the cemetery site; perhaps they had a lime kiln there when the township was surveyed.
The William who married Lillian was supposed to have been the son of James and born at Dromana in 1864. Hollinshed gives details of Cottier farms near Rye.
COTTIER-OBRIEN
Jock, son of James, married Madge OBrien.
COTTIER-DELLAR
James, son of Jock, married Emily Dellar.
CRICHTON-SHAND
Hughie married a Shand girl and their daughter, Catherine, was killed in a carriage accident. Was this the Catherine Crichton of Glen Lee whose grave is prominent at the Dromana cemetery?
The main Crichton property was Glenlee fronting the west side of Boneo Rd from Browns Rd to Limestone Rd. In 1900, John Crichton was assessed on this land. Alexander Crichton was assessed on 678 acres that had been granted to J.Lovie and included most of the land bounded by Hiscock Rd, Truemans Rd, Browns Rd and an eastern boundary indicated by the end of Henry Wilson Dr. This land was not very close to Shands Rd at Main Ridge but a third parcel was. Catherine Crichton was assessed on 344 acres described as being 8a, 9ab Wannaeue. The rate collector was almost right; the land actually consisted of 10b, 9b and 8a (344 acres 0 roods and 37 perches.) This property is almost bisected today by Valleyview Lane (254 H 1-4), and was only 520 metres from the south west boundary of Alexander Shands 105 acres (which was adjacent to 352 acres owned by the Shands across Shands Rd.) This was another example of romance between neighbours before Reg Grundy thought of his series!
*CROAD-SPUNNER
William Joseph Spunner married Adelaide Maud, daughter of John Spunner. Under the Spunner entry in LIME LAND LEISURE, the Spunner girls name was given as Madeline Maud.

DARK-ROGERS
Edwin Dark married Ann Rogers, possibly before moving to the peninsula. There are many references to the family in Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School; the Rye Historical Society has an index for the book that I produced, which will give you the relevant pages. Edwin farmed Hughes land. This could have been Johanna T.Hughes grants of 25 acres fronting the western side of St Johns Wood Rd from the beach road to Whitehead St or land on Hughes Rd bought from somebody like Red Hills McRavey.
All Darks following are Ann and Edwards children.

DARK-WHITE
Nellie Dark married George White. George and other people who contributed to the community*, such as the Sullivans, Cains, Stennikens, Bakers and McDonalds managed to buy a bit of Rye Township thankfully. Most of the land was gobbled up by Blair and Monahan. The McDonalds later bought some of Blairs land south of the cemetery and built a private golf course (discussed in RAY CAIRNS TALKS HISTORY), which is recalled by Golf Pde and Golf Lane. (* I am unsure whether Peter S.Sinclair should be classified as a pioneer or a speculator. See Sinclair under Historic Street Name Origins.)
George bought allotments 7 and 8, now that highway frontage between the 1927 portion of the Rye hotel and Dundas St, extending halfway to Nelson St. on 10-6-1865 (if my reading of microscopic printing is correct.) It was probably from here that he carried on his business as a carrier.
In 1879, George was leasing 103 acres from the Crown. This had to be 38A of the parish of Wannaeue (Melway 169 B9-11) west of the Truemans Rd tip. George was dispossessed when this was granted to Edward Russell on 3-11-1880.Edward was an early limeburner who earned himself a long walk from Melbourne because he did not desert his ship when several of his fellow crew members (John Watts, Tom Bennett, John Dillon) rowed ashore, supposedly in a bath tub, near Dromana.
George responded by obtaining the grant for 34B on 2-7-1884. Consisting of 105.65 acres it fronted the present Spring Lane and is indicated by Melway 168 K12. By 1900, W.White had a 36 acre portion and another, un-named White was also assessed on 36 acres. The remaining 33 acres may have been forfeited because of the 1890s depression. George had probably bought The Williams butcher shop at the corner of George St and Hotham Rd by this stage and converted it into a residence. In 1910 an un-named White was still occupying 36 acres but had just sold it to somebody from Elsrernwick. James Patrick Sullivan had 30 acres and the remainder (39 acres) might have been owned by Capt. David Jones, who would have kept the title deeds in his locker!
George does not seem to have been related to two other White families living in the area. Robert White rented a hut from the Cairns brothers near 170 C11 in 1864 and his family established itself at 171G4. E.W.White had land in the Woyna Estate (See Woyna Ave) by 1920 and was running the Mayville Guest House in 1950.
George Whites occupation as a carrier would have led to his acquaintance with families over a wide area, so whether Edwin Dark was farming at St Johns Wood Rd or Hughes Rd, that is possibly how he met Nellie. A map on page 56 of LIME LAND LEISURE shows that George White had a lime kiln at 157 D12, just west of Hughes Rd so this could have been another reason for their acquaintance.

DARK-SKELTON
Ann Dark married James Skelton. See pages 11, 69-70, 76-9 and 92 of Jennifer Nixons FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.

DARK-COTTIER
See COTTIER-DARK. See pages 49 and 75 of Jennifer Nixons book re Cottiers. The author of LIME LAND LEISURE seems to have been confused about the Cottier family tree. He constantly refers to James Cottier receiving grants at Dromana; it is William Cottiers name that appears on parish maps and in early rate records.

DARK-BROWN
Edwin Dark married Jessie Brown. Nobody by the name of Brown was assessed in Nepean parish in 1865, the only year for which I transcribed assessments there. However there was a Charles Brown assessed on 20 acres and a hut on 20 acres in Kangerong parish near Dromana in 1865. In 1879, Charles, Henry and Henry A.Brown owned five of the eight allotments in section 3 of Dromana Township, bounded by Codrington, Foote, and McArthur Streets. As Hollinshed does not give dates, Edwin could have married a girl from this family or a daughter of Jim Brown who resuscitated rabbit and ti tree infested land early in the 1900s. I believe this family might have moved west as I have noticed but not recorded the surname, probably in Nepean Parish, which I thought strange because of the later arrival of the Rye areas saviour, who in 1910 had 1459 acres in Wannaeue and Nepean parishes. Strangely he was supposedly known as Jim Brown when his name was recorded in rate records as John H.Little Brown. The third given name indicates that he might have had a connection through marriage to the Purves family of Tootgarook and Green Hills on Purves Rd.




DARK-WATSON
Walter Dark married Rose Watson. Rose was most likely from the family that fished at Weeroona Bay for almost a century from the early 1860s. See extensive detail about the Watsons on page 42 of LIME LAND LEISURE.

Before Coppins town eer saw a funnel
Men fished the Sorrento Channel;
At Portsea, Jack Inglis, before the Watsons, led the way;
When they came, he left for Queennscliff across the bay.

Henry and John came in 60, Alex in 62.
Sons of a Banff fisherman, who left the diggings for a trade they knew
And set up at Pt. Franklin to start their piscatorial labour;
Dennis McGraths cottage housed their only neighbour.

Near The Sisters, Scott, Holley,Watts and Stonner the Dane
Caught boatloads of fish time and time again
With the help of a lookout and signals for detail:
Not getting them to markets fresh the reason theyd fail.

John Watson whod used a lookout in the first place
Moved in 1873 to the groups West Sister base.
Hutchins came in the 80s, Erlandsen at decades end.
For near a century Watsons plied the trade they kenned.

(Verses 1-4 of Early Fishermen by Ray Gibb, August 2010.)

DARK-HUDSON
Charles Dark son of Edwin and Ann (Rogers) married Grace Hudson.

DARK-JOHNSTON
Frances, daughter of Edwin and Ann, married Charles Henry Johnston, a builder at Sorrento.

DOWNWARD-EDWARDS
Henry Edward Downward, son of Edward Downward Jnr married Eileen Edwards of a pioneering Red Hill family. Both families lived in the parish of Balnarring, which is east of Bulldog Creek Rd, where the Downwards secured early grants, and east/south of Red Hill-Arthurs Seat Rd to Mornington-Flinders Rd. As I did not record assessments in Balnarring, I cannot give details of their land holdings but the two families probably lived within a mile of eachother. William Edwards entry in Victoria and Its Metropolis (1888) stated that he owned 300 pounds worth of property in the area so he might have been the original member of the family near Dromana.
In August, 1878, William Edwards, a farmer of Dromana, mortgaged allotment 86 of crown allotment 18, Wannaeue, to Henry Everest Adams (whose farm was between The Avenue and Adams Avenue) to secure a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings, which was to be repaid with interest on 30-6-1880.(ADAMS CORNER by Ray Gibb.)
Allotment 86 would have consisted of 2 acres and contained FJs site at the corner of Jetty Rd, Rosebud. The nett annual value of the land would have been not much more than two pounds so there must have been a building on it even more grand than Richard Watkins 12 roomed brick Dromana Hotel. Edwards 1888 entry stated that he owned the popular Schnapper Point Hotel on the Dromana Rd. As the rates show only two hotels in Dromana, this hotel (which Edwards probably lost in the depression of the 1890s) might have been the building that Jack Jones used as a store in 1900 but was burnt down before Isobel Moresby could see it. She knew only of a little lolly shop.
I believe that William Edwards father also ran a Schnapper Point Hotel in Mornington (directory); surely if the Dromana residents hotel was in Mornington, he would have so described its location. In 1910 and until Lou Carrigg bought the Dromana Hotel just before WW1, George S.Edwards owned and ran it. Due to the shared occupation of publican, I presume a family link with the Mornington publican and Dromana farmer, William. Richard George Edwards, a grazier of Dromana, was possibly Georges father.
Ken, Norm and Don Edwards played football for Dromana after WW2.Alf Hanson was apparently referring to a member of this Red Hill family when he related an incident that happened outside the Red Hill dance during a break. Jack Wright and Alf were outside with two wrestlers, Billy Misky and Sideboard Edwards.

ERLANDSEN-SWAN
Erland Erlandsen married Edith Alice Swan. Erland deserted his ship with $1 in his pocket, presumably about 1890 when he started fishing at the Western Sister. He bought Stonners 4.5 acres oposit the Sorrento camping ground in about 1915-6. His son, Tally ran the baths and took out fishing parties. (LLL pages 42 and 118.)
David Swan was a limeburner and manager/agent for Melbourne lime merchant W.A.Blair. On 30-7-1877, David Swan received the Grant for allotment 67, Nepean, of 35 acres, bounded by Mission St and John Bertram Drive.

FARNSWORTH-FORD John Farnsworth married Ann Elizabeth Ford, daughter of James Sandle Ford. John was a builder who first came to the area to build the Sorrento Hotel and later built the Nepean Hotel (across the road from the Portsea Hotel) for James Sandle Ford.
FIRTH-HARVEY.(and Harvey-Adams)
This marriage took place in 1733 but could account for the two families settling fairly close together well over a century later. Their grandsons (Firth) came to Moorooduc in 1857 and Balnarring about 1880. James Firth received a 379(?) acre grant at the nw corner of Myers and Byrnes Rds and T.Harvey received a 19 acre grant in the Red Hill Closer Settlement, just west of Sheehans Corner (Melway 19190 J4.) By 1910 the Harveys had 357 acres near Whites Rd off Purves Rd as well as their land in Balnarring parish. Mary Helen Adams, daughter of Robert Adams of Rosebud, married Ernest Lester Harvey in 1907.
FIRTH-BENTON
James Firth married Ellen Benton in about 1884.
Both families owned land in the parish of Balnarring, James as specified in the previous entry. J.G.Benton received grants totaling 207 acres on the nw side of Warrawee Rd, Balnarring. The Firths and Bentons would have been neighbours earlier in Moorooduc.
(Probably near 147 J1 and 147 A9.)

FIRTH-GILLIGAN John Firth married Kate Gilligan. I know that this is drawing a long bow, but I believe that the Firths like most immigrants in the 1850s would have tried their luck at the diggings. Many pioneers already on the peninsula did so. I believe that John Sullivan tried his luck in 1854 and John Firth slightly earlier. It was in 1854 that Samuel Brees (after whom Brees Rd in East Keilor is named) built the first decent bridge over the river at Keilor. Before that, those headed to Ballarat used Raleighs Punt at Maribyrnong and diggers en route to Forest Creek or Sandhurst (Castlemaine and Bendigo) traveled through Bulla. Kates family was probably working for Dennis Brannigan on St Johns (384 G4) and may just have been selling vegetables outside Tulip Wrights inn to tourists waiting to cross that former Chief Constables rudimentary bridge. Not having seen any mention of the name Gilligan in the many histories I have read about the peninsula, I feel entitled to hazard a guess about how John and Kate met.

FORD-SULLIVAN James Sandle Ford married Hannah, daughter of Dennis and Honora Sullivan. Dennis was the grower of the huge cucumber that amazed Melbourne in 1843 just before they left for the Heads, so it was probably Hannah who grew the vegetables that Ford sold to ships entering the bay and later, the Quarantine Station.

GIBSON-McLEAR
Adam, son of Walter, married Mary Ann the daughter of Mary Ann McLear, who was a widow, when she arrived in the Dromana area. For full details, see Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear.
Mary Ann settled on Jamiesons Special Survey, the eastern part of which is now Safety Beach, between Dunns and Sheepwash Creek near the present southbound off ramp. She grew crops on her rented property, the Willow, handling her workers firmly to ensure that they performed properly but she never had to worry about Edward Williams when it came to harvesting. She was in partnership with hawker, Charles Graves, and later acquired a farm that he had bought and had the Rhymers fence, where she established Maryfield.
Walter landed his livestock and belongings at Safety Beach (probably at the mouth of Sheepwash Creek where Peter Pidota used to load timber and other cargo on his Little Angelina*) and before long rented a farm just north of Walter St, previously occupied by William Cottier, who opened the Rye Hotel in Dromana in 1859**. Dunns Creek used to flow into Sheepwash Creek but Walter straightened the last mile of it. Sheepwash Creek acquired its name because Walter used it to wash his sheep before shearing. Walters farm was adjacent to The Willow. **LIME LAND LEISURE
Mary Ann purchased Maryfield from Graves on 31-1-1860 and a few years later Walter Gibson bought Cottiers grant 400 metres to the west of Maryfield, on the west side of the present Collins Rd; Cottier moved to White Cliff and with John Campbell established the Rye Hotel on the east side of Napier St, which led to White Cliffs new name of Rye. (The present Rye hotel occupies the site of Patrick Sullivans Gracefield Hotel, demolished and replaced by the Hunts in 1927.) So the two families remained neighbours. Walter continued building a house (a stones throw east of the present Ponderosa Place) that Cottier had started, and named it Glenholme. Walter had also bought Cottiers other grant, west to about Tulip St and added land on the survey in the early 1900s to give him a total of over 1000 acres.
*Rosebud:Flower of the Peninsula by Ray Gibb, a summary of Isobel Moresbys history.

GIBSON-CHAPMAN
Isabella, daughter of Walter Gibson and Margaret, married Henry George Chapman who owned the land that is now Dromanas footy ground and sold it to council at a very low cost when the former racecourse and footy ground behind Lou Carriggs Dromana Hotel
Became Spencer Jacksons Foreshore Estate in about 1927. Henry George Chapman was the brother of Nelson Rudducks wife and had probably moved to Dromana at about the same time that his sister did. Their parents received land grants at the southern end of Tullamarine Island (Melway 3 G-H 1-6) but moved to Springvale after a fire destroyed their haystack in 1856, probably on Lochton*. Henry George Chapman had his smithy at the corner of Pier and Gibson St and it is likely that Isabella took a short cut through the paddocks of Glenholme when she was sent to do some shopping and so met the blacksmith.
(*See CHAPMAN-SHEEHAN.)

JENNINGS-HADDOW, JENNINGS-TUCK.
Ann, daughter of Cecil Jennings, married T.Haddow. When I first came to this entry, I thought, Ill be struggling to show how the two families connected! The Haddows were associated with the Westernport side of the Peninsula and the closest the two families came in land ownership were Melway 253 D8 (A.Haddow- crown allotment Fingal) and 168 F-G 10 (Jennings- crown allotments 20 and 21 Nepean, Kariah then Milangil).
However Linda Bernt, a Jennings descendant, wrote an informative article about her family, which appeared on page 20 of the Southern Peninsula News in the 13-7-2010 issue. During the 1890s depression, which resulted in the loss of land near Drysdale, George Jennings and his adult sons (Ern,Cec. and Bernard) moved between Flinders, Cranbourne and Camperdown before settling on Kariah in 1914. The family connection obviously occurred before 1914 at Flinders. Another family connection took place. Cecil met Catherine Tuck and by 1914 they had nine children so the Jennings family must have been at Flinders soon after 1900 if not before. For more details of the Haddow family, see CAIRNS-HADDOW.

JENNINGS-BRIGHT Lesley Jennings married Bright. THIS IS ANOTHER GENEALOGICAL ERROR IN "LIME LAND LEISURE". NOT HAVING TROVE ETC. AT HIS DISPOSAL, CHARLES HOLLINSHED HAD TO RELY ON WHAT HE WAS TOLD BY FAMILY MEMBERS. IT WAS ACTUALLY JENNINGS-BLIGHT. DETAILS ARE SUPPLIED IN COMMENT 1 OF MY JOURNAL " THE JENNINGS OF DRYSDALE, FLINDERS ETC."

THOMPSON-WIDOW KETTLE
MERCER- WIDOW KETTLE/THOMPSON
Please read the complicated details in LIME LAND LEISURE. Kettle was a limeburner and the widow of a relative came to stay with him. She later married twice and some of her descendants married Portugese settlers who had worked at Kettles kiln.

MERCER-HILL
Elizabeth Mercer, the widows daughter married George Hill. One of their sons was presumably the George Hill who married Ellen Cain (see CAIN-HILL).
THOMPSON-HOLLEY
Jack Thompson (a.k.a. Kettle) married Anne, daughter of Paddy Holley, fisherman.
(See DARK-WATSON entry re Holley.)

THOMPSON-HOLLEY
Jack, son of the above, married Maggie, daughter of Paddy Holley.

THOMPSON-BENNETT
Ezekiel Thompson married Ann, daughter of Tom Bennett, who had deserted from the JamesMcBean near Dromana in 1856 with John Watts and John Dillon. He was an early limeburner, operating in Nepan parish, with his own lime station (kiln) by 1865. Ezekiel Thompson probably followed the same occupation and may have been working for Bennett when he met Ann. The map of the parish of Wannaeue available on the internet shows E. Thompson as the owner of allotment 28B of 55 acres on the north west corner of Truemans Rd and Limestone Rd. This map was drawn in 1887 and N.Graham seems to have been the original grantee.

McGRATH-SULLIVAN
Richard McGrath married Margaret, daughter of Dennis Sullivan.
(See THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN for much detail.)



McGRATH-CALDWELL
John, son of the above, married _. Caldwell. How the two met is hard to imagine. E.Caldwell received the grant for allotment 4 in section 3 Kangerong, south of Boundary Rd (Melway 159, J 9-12) and consisting of almost 297.5 acres. Caldwell Rd, west of the neighbouring Gracefield, is named after him. Robert Caldwell bought 172 acres between Sheehans Rd and the end of Holmes Rd in Red Hill. W.Caldwell also received the grant for 167 acres bisected by Shergolds Lane (160 G 6-9.) Grants were also issued to family members in the parish of Tyabb near Somerville. (See THE WAY WE WERE by Leila Shaw.)
My two guesses about how the families became acquainted are:
1. The Caldwells seem to have been well off to be able to buy multiple grants and could have finished up living at Portsea or Sorrento. The argument against this is that McGrath family descendants could not tell Hollinshed the brides Christian name.
2. Like Robert Rowley, John McGrath might have moved away from home for a seafaring life, perhaps fishing at Hastings. If he did so, he would not have been far from the Caldwell grants in the parish of Tyabb.The argument against this is that the Caldwell grants are marked Colwell on Leila Shaws map (although the name is spelt properly elsewhere in her book.)

McKEOWN-TOWNSEND
James McKeown married Catherine Townsend. The Hillas (Hillis), McKeown and Townsend families came to Dromana from Koroit. Mary the sister of James came with her husband (William Hillis) in 1855 and he acquired grants near Whites Rd off Purves Rd. James came in 1862 and bought 200 acres south of the Red Hill footy ground. He married Catherine Townsend in 1863 and brought her to Red Hill.John Townsend (1840-1918), who was probably Catherines brother, occupied 3 town lots and a hut in Dromana by 1865, and for many years ran a store in George McLears old butchers shop.
James sold his RedHill property to the Sheehans in 1889 and, moving to Dromana, continued the orchard started by William Grace on Gracefield, later building a guest house named Aringa on the corner of Clarendon and Foote Sts.(See Dreamtime of Dromana P. 86-8 for their children.)

McKEOWN-SHAW
Maud, daughter of the above, married Archie Shaw, son of Ben Shaw, former traveling draper, who started a guest house in 1880.
(See Dreamtime of Dromana P.88 about their children and guest house.)

MOAT-TRUEMAN
Charles, son of William Moat, married Sarah, daughter of James Trueman. I suspect that the two families became acquainted through Ben Stenniken, Truemans northern neighbour on the west side of Truemans Rd. Stenniken often passed Moats Corner on the way to another property he farmed (151 A 12). Charles was farming at Moats Corner in 1900 but by 1910 was in Rye.
(See DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, and RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667, Pages 27,35,47,52,54,55,61.)


MOAT-CAMPBELL
William, son of Charles, who had moved to Rye, married Ada Campbell.
It is likely that Ada was a descendant of John Campbell who built the original Rye Hotel on crown allotments 6 and / or 7 of section 1 in the township of Rye. These allotments lay between points 60 metres east of Napier St and 100 metres west of Lyons St. He was in partnership with William Cottier who contributed the hotel licence and name, transferred from the hotel that he had operated at Dromana in 1859 (LLL). Campbell was also responsible for an early portion of the Rye Pier. Details of this Campbell familys involvement in Rye can be found on pages 20-22, 28, 31-2, 34-5, 40, 51 and 120 of Patricia Applefords Rye Primary School 1667.
Because it involved a family concerned with my previous area of research, Tullamarine and miles around, the following is etched in my mind and I think the reference was in Rosalind Peateys Pine Trees and Box Thorns. Edward Campbell, who served as Lord Mayor of Melbourne, spent many holidays in Rosebud and often went out fishing with Jack Peatey on his huge coutta boat. Edward bought the block on the eastern side of the access road to the Rosebud Jetty, which is to be developed to include apartments and a caf. (Plan of Early Rosebud by unknown pioneer included in my Early Rosebud).
When the late Donald Kennedys huge estate north of Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) was sold off before 1920, Edward Campbell bought two of the farms, keeping Springbank (6 A-B 4-5). Willowbank, south to Kenny St, now Alanbrae, and including streets that I had named after farms and pioneers (Chandos, Willowbank, Corrigan, Lloyd, Chadwick, Mitchell, Lockhart, Gilmore and Mitchell) became his son, Keiths property. The family was heavily involved in the Oakland Hunt Club.
What makes this second alternative very likely is that Jack Peaty and Charles Moat had grown up as neighbours and worked together at Bernard Eatons gold mine not far east of their properties; these were on Bittern Rd with the Moats on the west corner of Harrisons Rd and the Peateys on the east corner. In 1878, Jacks parents (George and Susan) realized that their battle to farm successfully on their 100 acre property (which was too wet) was futile and with a loan from Nelson Rudduck bought a 2 acre block on the north corner of Jetty Rd and McDowell St, which they occupied in 1888. Jack bought a village (foreshore) block east of Peateys Creek (Murray-Anderson Rd) in 1894.
Dances were an important part of life in any country towns and which ones you attended on the peninsula depended on where you lived. Hec Hanson, who lived at Alpine Chalet on Tucks Rd, attended dances at Red Hill and Main Ridge. Those on the eastern coast would alternate between Rye, Rosebud and Dromana. Both groups would go to dances at Boneo (on the present C.F.A. site.) Jack Peatey played the concertina at the Rosebud Dance and after a day of fishing with him, it is not too hard to picture Edward Campbell taking Keith and his other children to the dance; nor, if Ada was his daughter, to imagine Jack introducing Ada to his former neighbour, Charlie Moat and his son William.
N.B. Neil Campbell (after whom Campbellfield was named) and Edward might have been related. Campbell St in Westmeadows would have been named after one of them.



PATTERSON-STENNIKEN
Ralph, son of the original James Patterson, married Rachel Stenniken.The Stennikens had land in Truemans Rd and further west in the parish of Nepean as well as renting near the western end of Jamiesonss Special Survey. The Pattersons could have been on the survey in 1865 when James Patterson was assessed on a two-roomed house in Kangerong.
By the 1870s the Pattersons had moved to Fingal and selected land for which they received grants in the next decade. Ralph Pattersons grant, consisting of nearly 245 acres, was at the south west corner of Pattersons Rd and Grasslands Rd. 260 metres south of Pattersons Rd and across Grasslands Rd was the 142 acre grant of Mary Jane Stenniken, granted in 1904, but probably selected much earlier; she was probably a widow and women would not have had the opportunity to make money as fencers, sawyers etc that the men did.
The proximity of the farms would seem to explain the family connection but an earlier meeting probably took place when the Patterson lads, all good horsemen, worked for horse breeders, the Purves, at Tootgarook, often driving horses to Melbourne to be sold at Kirks Bazaar. The Stenniken grant (169 C4) was between Truemans Rd and the Tootgarook square mile pre-emptive right.
(See STENNIKEN-CLEMENGER entry re Dromana and Safety Beach.)

PATTERSON-ELLIS (Patterson-Lucas, Patterson-Cairns).
James, son of William and Christina (Cairns) and grandson of the original James Patterson of Fingal, married Mary Ellis. Two of their sons, Alex and Ross, established Patterson motors on the Safeway site near Rosebud Primary School. The business later moved to the corner of Adams Ave and is now Wignall Ford. Alex married May Lucas and Ross married Ivy Cairns, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns.James later ran a guest house called Antrim in Main St, Sorrento.(THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO Peter Wilson.)
I am aware of three possible locations where Mary Ellis could have been living when she met James Patterson. In MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN Hec Hanson mentions Smith Elliss property on the Flinders Road, just below Barkers Rd in about 1920. A ride through Greens Bush would make William Patterson farm about 3.5 miles from that of Smith Ellis.
The other two properties were in Rosebud, also in 1920. Henry Ellis owned land and buildings, Rosebud and H. B. Ellis lot 25a C/A 19, Wannaeue. Due to two of James sons being involved in Rosebud, Mary Ellis probably grew up at one of these properties so I will detail their locations. Rosebud meant only Rosebud Village on the foreshore. No crown allotment was given so it is fortunate that an unknown pioneer drew a plan of early Rosebud, which is in my book of that name, and shows the land owned by Harry Ellis.
This is how to find the block. Find Parkmore, built in 1896, on the western corner of Parkmore Rd. Cross Pt Nepean Rd and take the nearest access track to the beach. Walk towards the jetty until you come to a drain. Harry Ellis would have called this Eeling Creek, and it was the eastern boundary of his block, which extended west for 20 metres.
H.B.Ellis may have been Harry or a relative. The subdivision plan that helps me to describe the location of this land is in my Adams Corner. The blocks were about 20 metres by 100 metres with section A fronting Pt Nepean Rd and section B fronting Rosemore Rd. Lot 25 in section A, labeled H.E. Ellis, had a frontage between points 80 and 100 metres east from Adams Avenue and extended south halfway to Rosemore Rd.
How did James Patterson meet Mary Ellis? Was he on his way to visit his brother Ralph in McCulloch St, Dromana when he saw Mary on his left just before the white bridge (Eeling Creek)? Or did he ride to Rosebud with his relative Jack Stenniken to meet Jacks girl, Ivy Clemenger of Parkmore, who introduced James to her friend and neighbour, Mary Ellis.

PATTERSON-CAIRNS
William Patterson, son of the original James Patterson, married Christina, daughter of the original David Cairns, who bore four children and died in 1877 soon after the last was born. He then married Margaret, daughter of the original Robert Cairns. See the two CAIRNS-PATTERSON entries near the start.

PATTERSON-CAIRNS
William, son of William Patterson and Margaret (Cairns) married Ruby, daughter of Rosebud Ted Cairns and Elizabeth (Bucher).
Rosebud Ted (1865-1943), the last child of the original David Cairns, did not need a nickname because Robert and Alex did not name any of their boys Edward. He probably acquired his nickname between 1900 when he had 20 acres on Little Scotland (Melway 170 B10) and 1910 when he was working as a contractor in Rosebud and owned two village (foreshore) blocks, six lots on Woolcotts subdivision between Jetty Rd and the line of Norm Clarke Walk. He was also assessed on 60 acres and 50 acres in the parish of Wannaeue. The Buchers were early residents of Rosebud Village, explaining the meeting of Ted and Elizabeth. In 1910, the only Patterson assessed outside Fingal was Ralph, in Dromana.
William and Ruby could have met at a dance but I believe that their acquaintance developed near Boneo. In 1910 D.R.Bucher had 187 acres south of the curve in Browns Rd just west of where it meets Jetty Rd. Rosebud Ted received the grant for 57 acres in 1911; this triangular allotment was bounded by: Eastbourne Rd, Bayview-Old Cape Schanck Rd and Jetty Rd. In 1923, Ted received the grant for almost 50 acres between Waterfall Gully Rd and Greenhill Rd. Rosebud Ted might have had land at Fingal too, which supposedly led to the naming of Cairns Bay after his father. (See the true story in my TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS!)
The Patterson and Cairns families had been friends, neighbours and relatives for decades so the later movement of Rosebud Ted south towards Fingal might have only been incidental to the meeting of William and Ruby.

PATTERSON-PATTERSON
Ross, son of James married Ivy Patterson. Unless my notes from Lime Land Leisure are wrong, MrHollinsheds informant made a mistake. Ross married Ivy Cairns, daughter of Rosebud Ted. (THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO Peter Wilson.)

ROWLEY-EDWARDS
Robert Rowley (38) married Christina Edwards (22) in 1859. The reason that I had not been able to demonstrate a connection between the two families on the Peninsula is that Christina did not live there until they were married.
Robert did not come to the peninsula with his mother and his stepfather, Richard Kenyon. He visited them in 1839 when he was 17 but there is no indication that he stayed. He was obviously staying and perhaps working with friends in Tasmania.
The first record I have of Roberts involvement on the peninsula concerns a lime burning venture with Henry Cadby Wells for the first half of the 1840s which obviously fizzled out because the demand for lime in Melbourne slackened for a while because of the bust of 1843. In 1846, the Frankston pioneer returned to his trade as a bootmaker in Richmond.
In 1849, Robert and Henry started crayfishing in a boat that the latter had bought. The venture was a huge success but lasted just long enough for Wells to build the first limestone house in Sorrento; it became known as Clarks Cottage. Desiring to return home for a while they anchored the boat in Westernport Bay. Sadly the huge tidal variation caused irreparable damage to the boat when it was holed by the anchor.
In the next record seen, Robert was living in Dromana. On 9-3-1861, along with 22 other residents (including William Cottier and John Campbell, both later of Rye), Robert signed a petition that is shown on page 132 of Dreamtime of Dromana. By this time Robert was married and he and Christina must have lived for some time in a slab hut near the corner of Carrigg St for that knowledge to become etched in McLear folklore. Robert was working for Peter Pidota, loading timber from Arthurs Seat at Sheepwash Creek. An examination of rate records revealed that Robert was not assessed on his Truemans Rd land until 1867 so he was probably at Dromana until then.
A descendant of Robert (Ron Doig) told me that Robert made many visits to Tasmania. Perhaps these took place between 1846 and 1849 and between about 1851 and 1861. Henry Wells referred to Robert as an old shipmate, so they may have been crewmen on a vessel trading between Melbourne and Tasmania. This occupation would have made frequent visits possible.
And one of Roberts destinations on these trips would have been Longford where Christina lived.

ROWLEY-ANDREW
William Rowley married Susan Andrew. Like Michael Cain, William tried his luck in Gippsland. He owned farms at Harkaway and met Susan Andrew there.
ROWLEY-COLLIER (COTTIER?)
Frank, son of Robert snr married Annie Collier.

ROWLEY-CAIN
Robert Rowley (born 1876) married Amie? Margaret Cain.
This should be Annie; see CAIN-ROWLEY.
They were probably schoolmates at Rye State School.
ROWLEY-SHAW
Wilfred, son of William, and grandson of Robert snr, married married Emma Shaw.
Emma was not the daughter of Ben Shaw of Dromana. After WW1, Wilfred went to a soldier settlement farm in the Mallee near Barwarp and it was here that he met Emma.
RUDDUCK-CHAPMAN
See A Dreamtime of Dromana Pages 58 to 66.

RUSSELL-NURSE STUART
Edward Russell married Mary Seaton Stuart.
Edward Russell was a pretty tough cookie. Deciding not to desert at Dromana, he had no choice when his ship berthed. It, like countless other vessels, was going nowhere. So he walked for two days to join his shipmates, limeburning at the heads. He was no sook but on one occasion, he sought medical attention for an injury at the Quarantine Station. He was attended by Nurse Stuart, who became his wife.



RUSSELL-WATSON
Alex, son of Edward, married a daughter of John Watson. Edward had a lime kiln on the west side of Dundas Street and before Blair obtained land grants to become the new owner of many kilns, Edward would have loaded his lime onto limecraft in the bay. No doubt he would have met John Watson in this way. John was a fisherman who started fishing near Weeroona Bay in about 1860 but moved his base to the Western Sister in 1873. If his lookout spotted a school heading east, John would follow it and sail near the limecraft. Perhaps Edward tried a bit of fishing himself when the demand for lime slackened. Edward Russells landholdings are discussed elsewhere.

In case you have forgotten, all entries in family connections so far have come from LIME LAND LEISURE except for those in which the first family named was CAIRNS. In some cases, details of marriage partners given by the two families differ, and this has been pointed out. The following four entries can be compared with CAIRNS-RUSSELL entries taken from Peter Wilsons THE CAIRNS FAMILY OF BONEO. I place more trust in Peter Wilsons details given in brackets below.
My understanding of Lime Land Leisure is that the four Russell girls following were the daughters of Edward Russell Jnr, son of Edward and Mary.
RUSSELL-CAIRNS
Juliana Russell married James Cairns. (Johanna, called Hannah, and James)
Hannah Russell married David Cairns. (Elizabeth Russell and David)
Mary Russell married Jack Cairns. (Mary and John)
Margaret Russell married Christie Cairns. (Margaret and Christopher)
. (The grooms were all sons of the original David Cairns.)



FOR ALL SKELTON CONNECTIONS, READ FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO and PORTSEA BY JENNIFER NIXON. Any comments that I make will add to Jennifers extensive detail. Jennifers book enabled me to find the origins of many street names near Sorrento.
SKELTON-WATTS
Jane Skelton married John Watts.
For some reason, I gained the impression from Jennifer Nixons account that they married a handful of years after their first meeting. The following was inspired by the account in Those Courageous Hardy Women whose author justified the legend that John first saw Jane when she was six. The sort of leg-pulling that is perpetrated by the pioneers at The Heads in this excerpt from my Canterbury Tales was very common according to Leila Shaw in The Way We Were.
PENINSULA TATTLER
WE DIG THE DIRT ABOUT THE PIONEERS.
BODY SNATCHERS NABBED.
THE HEADS 13-5-1846. Ray Gibb
Do you remember the case of body snatchers robbing graves in London for medical students to cut up in the search for knowledge? The peelers finally stopped this ghastly practice there but it appears that it has re-emerged in the Port Phillip District.
Recently a ship had entered the heads at dusk and the captain decided to anchor and replenish his supply of drinking water, knowing that the Yarra Yarra was already polluted by slaughteryards and tanneries. At dawn, he sent the bosun with a small crew to obtain fresh water.
Landing at what sailors call Shelly Beach, the men noticed smoke and were fearful of being attacked by native savages but the bosun, hearing the sound of metal on rock, reassured them that they would find white men over the brow. Then he saw them. They were digging in the ground but stopped to wave when they saw the sailors.
Bosun Thatcher introduced himself and his men and found that the men were called Skelton, Sullivan, Rowley and Ford, the last of whom was Dennis Sullivans son-in-law. Whos that woman over there? asked Watt, one of the sailors. Thats my mother, replied young Rowley, adding, Shes Mrs Kenyon now.
Remembering his mission, the bosun noticed a small lagoon behind the woman and directed his men to proceed in that direction with their leather buckets. He glanced back as he heard the diggers chuckling and whispering something about new chums. As he strolled off, he wondered what the men were digging.
Arriving at the waterhole, Thatcher saw his men coming back after emptying the first bucket loads into the barrel sitting in the boat. Something seemed strange about young Watts back; he looked like a hunchback. As Watts came closer, the bosun realized what was causing his changed appearance.
Hello gel, whats your name? he asked. My nameth Jane Thkelton and Im Thix, replied the pretty lass whose elocution was somewhat hampered by the evacuation of baby teeth. Dont hinder Mr Watts little leech; hes got work to do. Watts said, Shes no problem and besides shes funny. When I asked her what Mrs Kenyon was doing, she said, killin. Mmmm, killing what, I wonder? Well get on with it Watts.
As Watts and the others filled the barrel to the top and prepared to leave, Thatchers curiosity got the better of him and he asked Jane, What are the men digging for? Bodieth Thir. Within minutes, Thatcher had the diggers under arrest and in the brig. Strangely they all wore smirks.

LIMESTONE. Our female reporter, Gay Ribb.
White Cliff 14-6-1846.It appears that the small community at The Heads uses humour in order to overcome isolation. Apparently the killin or kiln is a sort of fireplace where they burn limestone, which is composed of the bodies of sea creatures.

Ironically, the inspiration for this story came when I was writing that the motivation for W.A.Blairs purchase of vast holdings was less to do with the land than what lay under it. At that stage, I used the two- syllable rendition of kiln to produce the misunderstanding that led to the fictitious arrest, but in the last week, I came across Jennifer Nixons book, in which this pronunciation of kiln is confirmed as being common. I wonder if one day the pick-a- back will be confirmed too! I believe the year of the article should be 1854, not 1846, as John deserted his ship in 1856, two years after meeting Jane.

SKELTON-CLARK (See Clark- Skelton) and much detail in THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO AND PORTSEA.
SKELTON-DARK.
James, son of Edward Snr married Ann Dark.
SPUNNER-STRINGER
Margaret Sarah (born 1859), daughter of John Spunner, married George Henry Stringer in 1882. Their marriage was brief because George died on 27-1-1887 at only 28. Margarets widowhood lasted over 60 years until she died on 15-8-1947. Details in bold type are from Rye Cemetery records, which are on the internet.
The Stringer family was obviously in the area well before David McFarlan arrived in Sorrento in 1900 and involved Walter Stringer in his store that later became Stringers.
John Spunner built a home called Hill Holme at Sorrento and was obviously living there by 1882. (I have not recorded rate records for Nepean Parish.)
Hollinshed wrongly stated that John had received a grant at Melway 253 CD 1-3 in 1867 and run a dairy farm until he sold the 164 acres in the land boom, giving the impression that the farm was sold before the house was built. Having strained my eyes trying to read dates on parish maps, I understand how easy it is to make such mistakes.
Allotment 29 Wannaeue was granted to John Spunner on 2-5-1887. John had not settled on allotment 29 by 1879 and I believe that John Adolphus Jenner (who on 18-4-1877 had been granted lot 32, between lot 29 and Springs Lane) was leasing lot 29 as well.
The question is: what did Margaret do as a widow to support herself for 60 years? Did she run a shop for decades like Jane Warren (Patterson) did at Dromana after her artistic husband Fred died young.


STENNIKEN-SHERLOCK
Benjamin (1815-1897) married Mary Ann, daughter of Samuel Sherlock.
Mary Ann was the sister of the Sam Sherlock who was much involved in the southern peninsula as a lad and later became a pioneer of the area north of the Osborne Township which the locals called Green Island. This name is perpetuated by Green Island Av (145 E6). Ben and Mary Ann (and Mary Jane, probably their daughter) were buried at Rye Cemetery; their details are on the cemetery microfiche at Rosebud Library.
Sam Sherlock worked for the Barkers at Boneo and at The Briars for Balcombe. After his marriage, he carried the mail on horseback from Rye and Hastings to Cheltenham.
( Osborne Primary School Centenary 1873-1973 by Leslie Moorhead.)
Perhaps it was en route to Cheltenham that he spotted the Green Island land. According to LIME LAND LEISURE, Sam Sherlock was a co-grantee of the Stenniken land (at 14) but it was probably Mary Anns father.


STENNIKEN-PRINCE
Benjamin Henry, son of Jack and grandson of Benjamin Jnr, married Dorothy, daughter of Harry Prince. Ray Cairns told me that Harry Prince bought some of his fathers land near Maroolaba and that it came into Bens ownership after the death of Harry Prince.
(See TALKING HISTORY WITH RAY CAIRNS by Ray Gibb.)
Ray Cairns father, Hill Harry, inherited Maroolaba from his father, the original Rodert Cairns, who settled in Boneo in 1852. Robert Cairns and the Pattersons moved to Fingal, near Pattersons Rd at about the same time in the 1870s. Rather than repeat information contained in the PATTERSON-STENNIKEN entry, I will simply state that Maroolaba (part of which was bought by Harry Prince) was 260 metres from Mary Jane Stennikens grant. The Prince family could have earlier lived near Truemans Rd, but, if not, Fingal provides an explanation as to how the two families connected.



STENNIKEN-WILSON
Maria, daughter of Benjamin Stenniken Snr married Godfrey Burdett, son of Henry William Wilson. Benjamin Stenniken was based inTruemans Rd but also leased land on the western portion of Jamiesons Special Survey near Pickings Lane. Family members could have resided there to manage the property for Ben. Maria certainly resided there in the summer. Big Clarke had bought the survey and the northern part was given to Bruce, his son-in-law. (Colin McLears version is more likely than Hollinsheds.) Maria used to work at Bruces house during the season.
One more piece of information is contained in the final verse of one of my first pieces, a poem called ALONG THE BACK TRACK, which can be found in my CANTERBURY TALES and describes a trip made by drapery hawker, Charles Graves, and young Godfrey Wilson in about 1860. They have traveled from The Willow (Safety Beach area) to the corner of Weeroona and Browns Rds, Godfrey having been reassured by Graves that the smoke came from kilns, not a bushfire.
As they turned back to Kangerong,
A well-known man came riding strong,
With five year old Maria, running late.
Godfrey married Maria in 1878.


STENNIKEN-CLEMENGER (See PATTERSON- STENNIKEN.)
Jack Stenniken married Lily Clemenger.
By 1910, Mary Ann Stenniken (most likely the owner of the Fingal land) was living in Dromana and assessed on crown allotment 6 of section 17. This block with frontages to McCulloch St and Heales St and halfway between the school corner and the freeway was leased from Patterson. Ralph Patterson had probably just leased it to her (because of the position of Mary Anns assessment). His wifes entry is next and her property (1 lot and buildings, McCulloch St) was probably next door. As lot 6 had no buildings, it is likely that Mary Ann was staying with Ralph and her daughter, Rachel. Ralph Godfrey Patterson (whose second given name recalls the marriage of 1878 in the previous entry) was leasing 287 acres (lots 18 and 19) from Clarke on the Survey and was probably Rachels husband and Mary Anns son in law. His move to Dromana probably followed the sale of his Fingal grant to one of the Cairns family. (His 244 acres may have been the bulk of the 260 acres that Harry Cairns sold to Harry Prince.)
Robert Adams sold crown allotment 19 of Wannaeue (between Parkmore Rd and Adams Ave) to William Tetley in about April 1889. Subdivision plan 3513 shows that the Clemengers bought lots 1-5 of section B, fronting Parkmore and Rosemore Rds. Albert Holloway built Parkmore in 1896, probably on lots 1-5 of section A, fronting Pt Nepean Rd. The Clemengers bought this historic house in 1908, after it was occupied for some time by Mr and Mrs Fair. The Clemengers introduced tented accommodation. Jack Stenniken was born in 1893 and died in 1970.
(Adams Corner and Rosebud Flower of the Peninsula by Ray Gibb.)
Jack might have met Lily at a dance at the Mechanics Institute dances at Dromana, Rosebud or Rye or perhaps at the Boneo hall on the CFA site. Another possibility is that he worked for Ralph on the Survey or met Lily on the way from Truemans Rd to visit Mary Ann Stenniken in Dromana.


SULLIVAN-ONEIL
John, son of Dennis and Honora, married Hannah ONeil. I offer two speculative suggestions about how they met.
1.John, like many Peninsula pioneers, might have tried his luck at Bendigo or Ballarat. On the way to either, he would have passed through Keilor where Brees bridge of 1854 enabled a more direct route than the older ones through Maribyrnong (Raleighs Punt) and Bulla. William ONeill owned Horseshoe Bend and like Basket Davey Milburn, Victorias first official irrigator, he probably sold his produce at the roadside.
It is likely that the Sullivans already knew ONeil. They may even have arrived at the five year old settlement on the same ship. ONeil, one of Melbournes early policemen, might have brought Honora before the court of Petty sessions for an offence against the Masters and Servants act on 27-11-1842. Like all citizens of Melbourne, he would have marveled at the gigantic cucumber grown by the Sullivans near Merri Creek in 1843 before they moved to The Heads. Most workers squatted in rough shelters at The Brickfields (South Melbourne) or Newtown (Fitzroy) as they could not afford to buy or rent on the surveyed town, and the Sullivans were probably near Newtown. (See sources and more detail in the SULLIVAN entry.)
The baptism of three Sullivan children at St Augustines Keilor between mid 1854 and early 1862 lends weight to my theory that John might have gone to the goldfields with some cousins who came out later for that purpose; one of the children was named Timothy. Their parents were working in the area, one at Jacksons Creek (perhaps for the Reddans) and another at Keilor Plains (almost certainly for Taylor, Robertson or Big Clarke). That peninsula pioneers would seek employment at thriving Keilor after an unsuccessful stint at the diggings, is shown by the presence of Edwin Daly Tassell (probably the son of Edwin Louis Tassell a pioneer of the Safety Beach area) whose daughter was christened at the temporary St Augustines in 1858.
2.A map on page 6 of Leila Shaws THE WAY WE WERE shows that J. Sullivan and J.ONeill were pioneers of the Somerville area. Their grants were, respectively, at Melway 149 J3 and 148 J6. Somerville became the home of plant nurseries and orchards with those of the Brunnings family (which started this business in St Kilda) gaining international fame. These facts lead me to the following fantasy.
Trudging dejectedly back from the diggings, the emaciated John Sullivan hears a familiar voice calling his name. William ONeil offers him a job after hearing of Johns woes. While tending ONeils apricot orchard, John meets Hannah. They and a relative, whose name is rendered with a double L by some official, move to Somerville to continue their orcharding occupation. (Apricots were the main crop of Keilor and Peter Anderson kept growing them at Horseshoe Bend after the Spaniards such as Borrell and Vert switched the emphasis to growing cauliflowers and tomatoes.)
Whether J.Sullivan was our John is not yet known, but if so, he would not have been the only Southern Peninsula identity to receive grants in the area; Henry Gomm, guardian of the Rosebud jetty bought allotment 48 at 148 E8.
See THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN regarding the fate of John and Hannahs children. This probably explains the Clark-Clark marriage!

SULLIVAN-GRACE
Patrick, son of Dennis married Ellen, daughter of William Grace. Ellens father was an early grantee of 249 acres fronting the west end of Boundary Rd at Dromana and bounded by Caldwell Rd, Pindara Rd and the eastern end of streets such as Beverley St and Cloud St. On his farm Gracefield he planted vineyards and orchards. Patrick named his hotel at Rye after the farm, which is recalled by Gracefield Ave at 159 H9.
During the late1860s, Williams vineyards were wiped out by a disease that spread through most wine-growing areas. It is likely that he leased the farm to the Counsells. He probably bought allotment 6 of section 3 in the township of Rye at about this time. The half acre block ran from the Esplanade (a name given for Pt Nepean Rd in Dromana, Rosebud and Rye townships) to Nelson St and was just a little nearer to Dundas St than Napier St. As can be seen in Melway 168 F4, this is almost the exact location of the Rye Hotel, which was built on the site of Patricks Gracefield Hotel in 1927 by the Hunts.
It is possible that the two families had met before William moved his family to Rye. While most of the Sullivan grants were near the south end of Weeroona Rd (and used to extract limestone for the kiln there, which was managed by Antonio Albress after Patricks death), Catherine Sullivan was granted allotments 15 a and b Wannaeue (152 acres) fronting the north side of Browns Rd and extending east from the Kinwendy Rd corner 767 metres (halfway) to the Purves Rd corner. Catherine was one of earliest landowners in Wannaeue, receiving her grant on 31-10-1858. No doubt she was self sufficient but if she needed to buy anything Dromana was the destination. It already had Holdens store near the Carrigg St corner and Richard Watkins Dromana Hotel and possibly the Arthurs Seat hotel near Foote St and soon the McLears would open their butchers shop.
To get there in the 1860s, she would climb Purves Rd and then take Bryans Cutting down through the town common, just west of the Gracefield boundary. No doubt she would drop in for a cuppa and a chat with Williams wife.
The naming of Grace St in Rye could be given a dual justification; it could be named after William Grace or it might honour Grace Sullivan, a much- loved teacher who tragically died young, apparently from the Spanish Flu.

SULLIVAN-KENYON
Timothy (known as Ted), son of Dennis married a Kenyon girl.
She was almost certainly the daughter of Richard Kenyon and his wife, who was Robert Rowleys mother. (See TCHW.) Timothy was probably about 20 when the Sullivans arrived at the Heads in late 1843 and started limeburning alongside the Kenyons who might have arrived in 1939 to produce lime for John Pascoe Fawkner. I believe that they married a few years later, went to the goldfields with Timothys brother John and spent some time market gardening near Keilor where a child was born. That might be why nobody remembered the name of Timothys wife. (See SULLIVAN ONEIL.)

TRUEMAN-WILLIAMS
In Lime Land Leisure, it is stated that Gladys and Bertha were daughters of William Trueman and that Gladys Trueman married a Mr Williams of Chinamans Creek. Neither statement is correct. Gladys and Bertha were the only children of Thomas Trueman and Gladys married Andrew Seator in 1932.

WATTS-BAKER
Irene Ann, the daughter of John Francis Watts (son of John Watts and Janse Skelton) married H.Baker. As I have not recorded rates for Nepean parish, I am unaware if members of the Baker family moved west from the original base in Rye Township, but it is likely that Rye residents would have been involved with the social life of Sorrento, such as the picture thratre and dances.
The Watts family is much mentioned in THOSE COURAGEOUS HARDY WOMEN and FAMILY, CONNECTIONS, SORRENTO and PORTSEA and was largely involved in the story of Sorrento, where their house stands near the museum.
George Baker received the grants for crown allotments for 1,2,3 and 6 of section 7 in the township of Rye in 1872. Lot 1 contained the present post office site and his frontages extended 180 metres east and 180 metres south from the corner. He must have died before 1900 when his executors were assessed on 67 acres in lots 1 and 2 of the parish of Nepean, between Weir St and Government Rd. The Baker family is mentioned on pages 29, 36, 47-8, 51-2, 54, 109 and 119 of Rye Primary School 1667. One of the teachers at the school was named Baker. (P.57)
The husband of Irene Ann Watts might have moved to the Rosebud area with several other members of the Baker family. The Sands and McDougall directory reveals that H.Baker was a fruiterer there in 1950. Also listed were farmers, Alec O. Baker and Leslie E.Baker as well as William C.Baker.
On page 86 of ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD, Peter Wilson states that Harry Baker received an ankle wound in WW1 that caused a limp; he threw his right leg forward as he walked. If I remember correctly, he visited Rosebud School in disguise on the last schoolday of 1939, Santas first* ever visit. Unfortunately everyone recognized the limp at once but, of course, did not let on that they recognized Harry. (*It was probably not much earlier that Coca Cola popularized Santas role in Christmas festivities.)
His house was at 9-11 Rosebud Pde and he rented a shop in the Broadway Theatre building where he sold greengroceries. His buying trips to the Victoria Market and his Saturday rounds were done in his Dodge ute.
WATTS-BROWN
Margaret Jean, another daughter of John Francis Watts, married R.Brown.
The notes that I made from Lime Land Leisure were mainly focused on Rosebud but I believe there was mention that J.F.Watts was the Ranger for Ocean Park and constructed the numbered lifesaving tracks, which still exist. In this role, he would have often come into contact with John H.Little Brown, who by 1910 had 616 acres in Wannaeue parish and 853 acres west of Weeroona Rd, along Browns Rd. The story of how he transformed rabbit and ti tree infested wasteland into rich pasture is told on page 36 of LIME LAND LEISURE, where he is referred to as Jim.
R.Brown was probably the son of Ryes saviour, to whom the last verse of my poem Lime was dedicated. (Relying on Hollinshed, I called him Jim.)
Land held by owners who were absent,
Smothered by ti tree growing rampant,
With rabbit burrows everywhere:
Restored by Jim Browns visionary flair.
In 1919-20, James Brown was assessed on crown allotments 1,2 and 3 of section 5 and buildings in Rye township. These allotments had a frontage to Nelson St of 60 metres from a point 40 metres from Lyons St to, probably, the present RSL land.
By that year, John H.L.Brown no longer appeared in Wannaeue rates. The land had obviously been improved and sold to such as L.McInnes (care of Jennings and McInnes, Bourke St, Melbourne) 243 acres, part crown allotments 34, 35 and (73?) between The Dunes and Moonah Links.
The two families are mentioned in RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667 as follows.
WATTS. 28-9, 31, 34, 40, 115. BROWN. 28, 35, 36, 39, 53-4, (teacher 25).
The man who married Margaret Jean Watts was most likely Reginald G.Brown or Robin A.Brown, both of whom were listed as Rye residents in Sands and McDougalls directory of 1950.

WILSON-BURDETT
Henry William Wilson married Thamer Burdett.
This marriage took place in England. Henry was the son of a London butcher. In 1843, Henry was running the Beauvoir Arms Hotel in in Kingsland Rd, London. Henry, Thamer and their four children left London on 22-1-1853 aboard the Emigrant and after a remarkably fast voyage, which obviously stopped them getting into the doldrums (in both ways), they reached Port Phillip on 23 April. (Dreamtime of Dromana page 43.) This source and Lime Land Leisure contain much business and genealogical detail about Henrys descendants.
It is possible that some of Thamers family came with them and any Burdett family historian should inspect the Emigrant passenger list for that voyage. Henry established an abbatoir at Sandridge (Port Melbourne) and lived in Emerald Hill, where it is possible that he came into contact with Isaac White and Captain Henry Everest Adams, pioneers of Rosebud, and that Captain Adams gave Henry Wilson an idea.
It is likely that Thamer was related, however distantly, to Sir Francis Burdett and his daughter, Angela Burdett. Sir Francis, a Baronet, had married Sophia, daughter of Thomas Coutts, a wealthy banker who founded Coutts and Co.
Now if Henry had chatted to Captain Adams, the old sea dog would have bragged about being the son of Lord Vivian (which led to the name of his vineyard, Vivyan, with spelling altered in case his real father had an agent in Singapore- and given names of many in the Adams line). Wilson would have thought, Well, my wife is related to the wealthiest woman in England and one of the greatest social reformers and philanthropists in the world; why not flaunt that fact? He was speaking of Angela, the first Baroness Burdett- Coutts and that is how the Wilsons and Stennikens used Coutts as a given name and Coutts St in Safety Beach got its name. See Historic Origins of Street names entry and the sources named above. (Details about Angela Burdett -Coutts from Wikipedia.)
The Burdett Quarry, on 101 hectares at 160 Potts Rd, Langwarrin, was probably established by relatives of Thamer. Burdett St in Frankstons The Pines Estate would have been named after the quarry family, which must have been in the area fairly early (since they shared this honour with the pioneering Brunnings family of Somerville); if it had been one of the many subdivision of Wilson land there would have been another street named Thamer, Wilson, Godfrey, Benjamin etc nearby. See next entry re Coutts.

WILSON-McDOWELL
Benjamin Godfrey John Ralph Wilson (son of Godfrey Burdett Wilson and grandson of Henry William and Thamer) married Dorothy McDowell. Bens first given name came from his maternal grandfather Ben Stenniken. His brothers had Henry, William, Samuel, James, Burdett, Coutts and Stenniken as given names.
Allotment 17, Wannaeue, on the west side of Jetty Rd, which extended to Spray St and Eastbourne Rd, was subdivided in the 1870s by the Woolcotts of Melbourne. George and Susan Peatey purchased 2 acres on which they grew vegetables, which they sold along with poultry, eggs etc. Their cottage burnt down in 1912 by which time their son had established a similar business on the east side of Peateys Creek (Murray-Anderson Rd) on a Rosebud Village (foreshore) block. Another early purchaser from the Woolcotts was the Education Department but that block was not as big as the present school site.
By 1900 the only other blocks sold were owned by George Chapman from Dromana (4), Charles James (3 acres), Marshall (William? 7 acres), postmaster John Roberts whose daughter established the Post Office Store, now a caf of that name (4 and house) and Furmbisher (2.5 acres). The commercial bank now owned 84 acres of Woolcotts land. As crown allotment 17 consisted of 129.5 acres, Mrs Phillips and Frederick Taylor probably had three more blocks too.
By 1910, Henry Bucher had 4 lots, Annie Eliza Cairns 4, Rosebud Ted Cairns 6, Alf Hanson (of Alpine Chalet in Tucks Rd ) 6, blacksmith, Hy Geo Chapman 2, the Coburns of Springbank 4, Fallow 1, Maconochie 4, Back Road Bob Cairns 2 near state school, Marshall (Moonee Ponds R.E.Agent) 7, Susan Peatey 2, Mrs J.Spensley 4 and Vale , probably the politician after whom Vale St in Mornington was named had the 84 acres forfeited by Woolcott.
By 1920, Mrs Mary Butler had a house on lot 49 and her rate notice was to be sent to Mrs McDowell of Rosebud. Robert McDowell had lots 77, 79 and part of lot 75 and buildings. These were across McDowell St from the Presbyterian Church, which became the site of Woolworths. Ernest Rudducks store was being run by L.C.Leech. Houses had been built by the Cairns family, Mrs Helena Salina Mitchell of Essendon, and Joseph Maconochie of Richmond. One house had disappeared and Alf and John Peatey were assessed on the block only.
McDowell Street changed little for years. The McDowells neighbours were Don Miller and his caravan park opposite the school, Rosebud Ted opposite Pattersons Garage, then Ivy Patterson, Harry Nichols and the SEC on the Rosebud Avenue Ave corner.
SOURCES: A Dreamtime of Dromana by Colin McLear, Kangerong and Flinders rate records, Wannaeue parish map, Pine Trees and Box Thorns by Rosalind Peatey, The Cairns Family of Boneo by Peter Wilson, On the Road to Rosebud by Peter Wilson, Map of early Rosebud incorporated in Early Rosebud by Ray Gibb.
WILSON-RUDDUCK
Samuel James Stenniken (son of Godfrey Wilson and Maria, nee Stenniken) married Ruby Bery Rudduck, daughter of Nelson Rudduck and Jane Sophia, nee Chapman.
After Nelson died in 1935, Sam and Ruby moved into Piawola, the fine double storey house next to the Uniting Church in Dromana that Nelson built in 1894. The connection between the families goes back to the arrival in Dromana of Nelson and Jane from Dandenong in 1871 or early 1872. By 1867 Henry William Wilson had given up his occupation as a bullocky to become a butcher, grazing and slaughtering on 45 acres that was known as the Dromana Aerial Landing Ground by 1927*, and selling his meat from a shop whose location is described in two different ways by Colin McLear. (Main St or McCulloch St?) Henry retired in 1877 at 57 and Godfrey took charge of the company, expanding into Sorrento and building a brick shop and home** in Gibson St, Dromana. (*New abbatoirs had been established at Melway 167 F2, and operated until 1955, where Coutts Crt, Godfrey St, Benjamin Pde and Wilson Rd now stand. **Godfrey named the home Beauvoir after a hotel that his father had run in London in 1843.)
Sam was born in 1886 and died in 1949. On his fathers death in 1919, Sam and his brother, Ben, took over the Dromana portion of the empire Godfrey had built up and also expanded their retail into McCrae and Rosebud where older brother Henry had built shops. They relocated their shop to Main St in 1934.



SOURCE:MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN by Hector Hanson.
PURVES-QUINAN
James Purves was born on 29-9-1835 at Newcastle on Tyne and died on 6-11-1913 at Rosebud. In 1862, he married Emily Caroline Quinan, who was born on 16-3-1844 at Broken River (Benalla) and died on 4-8-1910 at Rosebud.
James was born only seven months after his father, Peter (born 1802 Berwick upon Tweed) married his sweetheart, Ann Scott, and Ann died a month after the birth. Leaving James with an aunt (Mrs Russell), Peter, a mason, sought to ease his grief by joining his architect brother, James, building bridges in Tasmania. At about 16, James set off for Australia on the Thomas Lowry, wanting to get to know his father. Arriving in 1852, he joined Peter and Uncle James at Tootgarook Station. Young James had eight years to pursue his aim before Peter died in March 1860.
Two years later James married Emily. It is likely that Emily was the daughter of Robert Dublin Quinan and Emma. These two had established a private school in Dromana on 12-11-1860 and on 1-6-1861, it was chosen over Daniel Nicholsons private school to become the National School. The Quinans lived at a boarding house on Boags dairy near the junction of Seacombe St and Palmerstone Ave. Boag had been a supporter of Quinlans school being chosen. It may surprise Rye historians that Robert Rowley, William Cottier and John Campbell supported Quinans application. The last two were in White Cliff within a few years and built the Rye Hotel, which led to a new name for the limeburning settlement.
The year 1865 should have been a happy one for James and Emily. Their first child, James, had been born in 1863 and registered at Pt Nepean (probably by an official at the Quarantine Station) and in 1865 their second child, George Liddle, was born and registered at the same place. However 1865 was probably one of immense sadness for the new parents and for Richard Watkin, owner of the Dromana Hotel.
Teachers salaries were alarmingly low, perhaps causing the poor quality of many teachers at the time. Robert Quinan was however, efficient and carried out his duties in a satisfactory manner and was regarded as a gentleman of the highest character, as Rowleys and 22 other Dromana residents testimony declared. Needing to supplement his income, Robert did book-keeping for the Kangerong and Flinders Shire. Finding that the books did not balance, he tried to borrow the missing five pounds from Watkins without explaining why he needed it. Unaware of the teachers desperation, Watkin said that he had no money to spare. As described in great detail by Colin McLear, Quinan was so shamed by his inability to balance the books that he committed suicide on 22-1-1865.
(Quinan information from A Dreamtime of Dromana.)
Crown allotments 4 and 5 of section 12 at Dromana had been granted to R.D.Quinan on 30-3-1864 and each had a 20 metre frontage to Codrington and Verdon Streets, starting 40 metres from Hodgkinson St.
Jim Purves (1863-1927) never married and George Liddle Purves (1865-1892) probably died unmarried at about 27 years of age. Other offspring of James and Emily who are not mentioned in following entries are:
Emily (1867 Tootgarook-1947 WA), Lily (1870 Toot. 1938, never married)
Robert (1872 Toot. 1937, married Emma Mason), Walter (1875 Toot. 1935, m.1904 to Leila F.Cotton) and Ernest (1885 Dromana 1886). Walter and Leilas son, Arthur, spent time in the Mt Beauty area during WW2 in charge of an air force building supplying clothing. Jim, Robert and Walter all fought in the Boer War and later Robert and Walter worked for the Richmond Brewery, breaking in horses to haul the wagons loaded with beer barrels. One of James and Emilys sons appears to have had a son named Peter, who was in the 6th Division in WW2 with Reg Sheehan and Stan White of Red Hill.
Of the nine children who survived childhood, three clearly married in the area. George may have been involved in the firm of W.J. Purves of 268 Swanston St Melbourne, which supplied seeds for fruit and vegetables by post prepaid.W.J.Purves might have been his cousin, a son of Uncle James, and brother of James Liddle Purves, a barrister and politician. (Chandeliers and Billy Tea by Peter Cuffley.)
The birth place of Ernest shows that James was on Purves Rd by 1885 and that not all crown allotments shown as being granted to James Purves may have been granted to Uncle James of Tootgarook. All grants issued in the name of James Purves are detailed in my PURVES entry. However I will detail here the properties discussed by Hec Hanson in Memoirs of a Larrikin.
Jim Purves (1863-1927) bred ponies at his property on Purves Rd, just down from Arthurs Seat.This was Crown Allotment 28C, section B, Wannaeue, consisting of 102 acres and granted on 22-3-1909 to J.Purves. (Melway 171 E-F 6).
Peter Purves (1880-1940), son of James and Emily, had a paddock near the corner of Purves Rd, Browns Rd and Baldrys Rd. The 1920 rates show that Peter Purvis had Jims 102 acres, which was mistakenly described as part of 28C, and 181 acres and buildings14AB, section B Wannaeue. Allotments 14A and B were granted to James Purves on 10-11-1869 and are indicated by 171 D-E 11.
Hec Hanson mentions Green Hills several times but unfortunately does not specify its location. Luckily the rate collector did, in 1900.David Cairns was assessed on 260 acres 13 AB Greenhills. This was immediately north of 14AB but extended west to Gardens Rd with Davos Rd indicating its northern boundary This had been granted to J.Ford on 4-10-1883 (James Sandle Ford. James Ford Jnr or Joseph Ford). In 1864 James Ford Jnr was assessed on 260 acres Eaton Hill (Thats what I thought the illegible scribble said, and it makes sense because of Watson Eatons 150 acres east of Eatons Cutting Rd, but it might have meant Green Hill.) As David Cairns was on Greenhills in 1900, it is not surprising that Peter Purves and Bella Cairns were acquainted. The location of Green Hills is confirmed by a map in Hecs book.
POSTSCRIPT. Emily Quinan obviously had a brother named Robert. While inspecting rate records for the Red Hill entry, I noticed that Robert Quinan was assessed on two blocks in Dromana in 1887. You will remember that his father committed suicide in 1865.

PURVES-WILSON
Barbara Scott Purves , daughter of James and Emily (Quinan), was born at Rye in 1878, married James Wilson in 1915 and died in 1934. By 1920, James Wilson was farming 163 acres at Main Creek, part 23B and 23B2. This was part of William Hilliss grants and was accessed off Purves Rd via Wilson Rd but James may have had a frontage to Main Creek Rd as well. Jim Wilsons brother, Bob, was almost killed at Red Hill on 9-3-1902 when he fell and his head was split open by an axe. Happily Bob survived and married Esther. Jim Wilsons place was called Fernlea. He and Barbara had a boy called Harold, known as Cocko. Jim had a Morris truck.
I had been told by Thelma Littlejohn that this Wilson family was not related to Henry William Wilson. While researching rate records for the Red Hill entry, I discovered that George Wilson was assessed on 32 acres in the first ratebook of the Flinders Road Board. By 11-5-1872, George was farming 48 acres. On 24-2-1882, George was granted title to allotment 66A of 40 acres, bounded by Stony Creek (W), Shoreham Rd (E), and bisected diagonally by the end of Shands Rd (255 H-J 1). In 1887, Elizabeth Wilson, spinster, was leasing 200 acres from the Crown in the parish of Bittern.
It is likely that Jim Wilson was a son or nephew of George and niece of Elizabeth.
It is still possible that George was a brother of Henry Wingy Wilson, unknown to the McLears. George may have been with Henry at the latters run near Cranbourne and settled a bit further from Dromana after a disease had killed the cattle.



PURVES-CAIRNS
Peter Purves, daughter of James and Emily, was born at Tootgarook in 1881 and married Isabella Cairns. Peter died in1940 and was buried at Rye Cemetery. Ray Cairns told me that Bella was Jimmys daughter. Robert, Alexander and David Cairns all called their first child James but I think that Bellas father was the son of Alex who was born in 1850 and was buried at Dromana Cemetery. The next son of Alex, John, married Emma Baldry who lived about a mile south of the Purves land. The Cairns family had been, and continued as, neighbours of the Purves. Another Cairns girl who married in this area was George Johnstons wife, Ollie, who could never work out how she got grass burrs on the back of her gown while she was dancing. I wonder what George thought, Cocko!

PURVES-HANSON
Alfred George Hanson married Frances Ada Elizabeth Purves in 1906. Frances, born on 13-2-1883 at Tootgarook, was the ninth child of James and Emily Purves. Their tenth and last child, Ernest was born in 1885 at Dromana and died in 1886.
Alfs parents were both born in Norway; Hans Christian Hanson in 1857 and Ellen Olson (en) in 1846. Alf was the fifth of six children. Hans was a bridge-building contractor who worked on all the bridges between Melbourne and Bright. Unless Alf had left the family home very early, Hans and Ellen must have settled near Red Hill. Their son, Alf, was only about 18 in 1902 when Bob Wilsons head was split open during a hive-robbing effort at Red Hill. It is possible that Hans managed, leased or bought William Hopcrafts grants, 70 A and B in the parish of Balnarring, between the start of Tucks Rd and Stony Creek, where Alf and Frances lived by about 1913. They called their fine old two- storey house (probably built by Robert Adams father-in-law), Alpine Chalet. From the house they could see the houses of Bob and Esther Wilson and the Laurissens across the Stony Creek gully.
When part of the property was sold to the Lessings, a new house was built near the north boundary by Littlejohn the builder and given the same name. Alf was a jack of all trades, as most country folk had to be in those days and was well known for his skills as a blacksmith (implements) and animal doctor. Like Robert and Walter Purves, his brothers-in-law, he broke in horses, for G.T.Alnutt who was making the road to Flinders. (Alnutt also improved the road around Anthonys Nose that had first been made by Edward Williams in the 1880s.)
Alf and Frances moved to Tawonga near Mt Beauty and Frances died at her daughter, Ritas, place near the Kiewa River.on 20-12-1951. When Alf died in the Tawonga Hospital on 5-3-1960, his body was brought back to be buried at Dromana by his sons, Merv and Hec, and Hedley Tate, in Hedleys panel van.
POSTSCRIPT.While researching rate records for the RED HILL entry, I discovered that Hans Christian Hansen, carpenter owned 89 acres in Balnarring parish in 1887. I suspect that he had arrived between Spring 1886 and Winter 1887 as he was not assessed in 1886-7 and the rate collector had slotted his entry into the correct alphabetical position in 1887. Due to the location of Alpine Chalet in Hecs map, it is certain that Hans had bought Hopcrafts allotment 70B of 89 acres and 2 perches.

HANSON-JENNINGS
Arthur Ernest Mervyn (Merv) was the fifth child of Alf Hansen and Frances (Purves), born almost two years after Hector (the larrikin), at Alpine Chalet on 9-1-1915. He died on 7-7-1990 at Rosebud. When Merv was three and a half years old he lost part of his index finger in a chaff cutter. He was rushed to the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital (opposite the present B.P. garage on land donated by Nelson Rudduck) and while he was there, his future wife, Dot Jennings was born.
The year before Merv was born the Jennings family settled on Kariah, fronting Browns Rd between Dundas St and Weeroona Rd. However the Hanson and Jennings families were probably already acquainted because the Jennings had previously farmed near Flinders. (See JENNINGS-HADDOW, JENNINGS-TUCK.)
Dorothy was probably the daughter of George Ernest (Ern) and Mary (Wiffen), who had nine children. Ern sold his share of Kariah and bought a milk round from Bob Rowley and later expanded into Rosebud, leasing a large property near Leonard St, Tootgarook for milk production. His daughter, Hannah, did one of the milk runs daily.
(Jennings: A pioneering Rye Family by Linda Berndt, SOUTHERN PENINSULA NEWS 13-7-2010.)

SHAW-SHEEHAN
Reg Sheehan, who fought in both world wars married Miss Annie Shaw who was a teacher at the Red Hill School.
RUDDUCK-AMOS

JOHNSTON-CAIRNS
HANSON-BROWN
SOURCE:A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA
PATTERSON-WARREN
PATTERSON-BUCHER
PATTERSON-HADDOW
PATTERSON-CAIRNS
GRIFFITH-EATON
GRIFFITH-CAIRNS
GRIFFITH-SHAND
GRIFFITH-McLEAR
BRYAN-MITCHELL
CHAPMAN-BAIN
CHAPMAN-SHEEHAN
CLYDESDALE-DYSON
TOWNSEND-DYSON
ANDERSON-BARKER
McKEOWN-HILLIS
McKEOWN-SHAW
SHAW-WEIR
SHAW-WARFE
WISEMAN-BAIN?
DURRELL-BAKER?
HADDOW-ADAMS
ALLEN-McLEAR
McLEAR-WATKIN
McLEAR-WILSON
McLEAR-PENTECOST
McLEAR-OSBORNE
McLEAR-PROSSOR
BRUCE- CLARKE

SOURCE: Historic Houses of Essendon by Lenore Frost
HEARN-CLARKE
Sources as stated.
ALLISON-WAINWRIGHT
SOURCE: Adams family genealogy. See my Adams Corner for full details.
ADAMS-BARTON
BARTON-NASH
ADAMS-MORGAN
ADAMS-DUNK
ADAMS-FREEMAN
ADAMS-HALL
ADAMS-McGREGOR
DUNK-PEATEY
DUNK-LACCO
ADAMS-HILL
FREEMAN-PETERS
FREEMAN-JENNINGS
FREEMAN-KYLE
ADAMS-PARKER

SOURCE: Pine Trees and Box Thorns by Rosalind Peatey.
PEATEY-TAFFS
SOURCE: Talking History With Ray Cairns by Ray Gibb.
BARKER-SHAND
WOONTON-EDMOND
WILLIAMS-CAMPBELL
EDMONDS-CAIRNS
CAIN-BRABIZON

SOURCE: On the Road to Rosebud by Peter Wilson.
ROBERTS-BRADY
TWYCROSS-BURRELL
BUCHER-WHITE
FREEMAN-HANCOCK
KENYON-ROWLEY

SOURCE:Rosebud:Flower of thePeninsula.
COBURN-BURRELL

SOURCE: Keith Holmes.See HOLMES entry.
SHAND-HUNTLEY
Jack Shand, son of Alex Shand of Main Ridge, married the widow of John Huntley, who bought 15A Kangerong from John Holmes.
NASH-DAVIDSON
Fred Nashs daughter, Dolly, married one of the Davidsons

DAVIDSON (nee NASH)- EDWARDS
When her first husband died, Dolly married Bob Edwards.
WHITE- ROBERTS
There were two unrelated men named Robert White. The one who married Hannah Roberts of Main Ridge was known as Bullocky Bob and belonged to the family after which Whites Rd (off Purves Rd) was named.
HOLMES-SHEEHAN
William Alfred Holmes married Emily Sheehan. Their first meeting at Murtoa is detailed in the HOLMES entry.
GOMM-WILSON
George Gomm, the father of Local Footy Hero Murray Gomm, married Jim Wilsons daughter, Leila, (a grand-daughter of James Purves of Green Hills in Purves Rd.) George Gomm was the grandson of Henry Gomm who built the Somerville Hotel and with his brother William is regarded as one of the legends of the Somerville Football Club.
Murray Gomm, the son of George and Leila was declared a Local Footy Hero on Chanel 31s Local Footy Show near the end of the 2010 season. (See The Mysterious Henry Gomm.)
ELLIS-TUCK
Smith Ellis married one of the Tuck girls.

WILSON-ELLIS
Bob Wilson married Smith Elliss sister. Bob and Jim Wilson were twins according to Keith Holmes. Hec Hansen said that Bob and Thelma Wilson and the Laurissens lived across the Stony Creek Gully from the Hansons Alpine Chalet. (See PURVES-HANSON.)


SOURCE: ANDREW THOMPSON DESPERATELY SEEKING, HERALD SUN, 13-2-11.
THOMPSON-BECK.
Peter Thompson (1822-1870) married Amelia Beck (1833-1906) in 1853 if I interpreted the ambiguity correctly (I presume she was Peters wife and not a descendant born when Peter was 11 years old!) They spent most of their married life in Sorrento. The following entries detail their children and their spouses. Their first child, Joseph, was born and died in 1854. All the others married. Thompson was most likely a limeburner who built a hut on a lime station in the area (on which land the licensee was assessed, which explains the absence of Thompsons name from the 1865 Nepean rates).
THOMPSON-BENNETT. Louis (1855-1899) married Cecilia Bennett. Cecelia and Rachael were probably daughters of Thomas Bennett, who jumped ship with John Watts and John Dillon. Bennett was an early limeburner with a kiln about 400 metres south of Kalimna Crescent in Rye. Bennett lost his kiln when land hog, Melbourne lime merchant, W.A.Blair received grants for all the land between Rye Township and Browns Rd on 19-6-1867. Some descendants may have moved to Bittern where there is a Bennett St.
THOMPSON-EWIN. Thompson (1857-1932) married Laura Ewin.
THOMPSON-DEPINA. Emily (1859-1941) married John Depean (Depina). Depina and Tony Salvas were of Portugese origin and probably worked first at Kettles kiln near Portsea, perhaps with Peter Thompson.
THOMPSON-SALVAS. Caroline (1860-1920) married Antonio Salvas. Despite the conjecture in LIME LAND LEISURE, it was not Tony Salvas that was running the Sullivan lime kiln south of Weeroona Rd. It was Antonio Albress whose grant was about half a mile east on the north side of Browns Rd.
THOMPSON-BENNETT. William (1862-1930) married Rachel Bennett.
THOMPSON-DIXON. Peter (1864-1916) married Annie Dixon.
THOMPSON-MALLOY. David (1866-1934) married Marra Malloy.
THOMPSON-BARKER. Thomas (1868-1934) married Susan Barker. Susan was probably the daughter of John Barker of the Boneo Pre-emptive right, 640 acres bounded by Browns Rd, a continuation of Grasslands Rd, Limestone Rd and Boneo Rd.
THOMPSON- HILL then ROWE. James (1870-1937) married Helen Hill& Maria Rowe.
Helen Hill was probably a member of the Rye family.
Details given in Lime Land Leisure on page130 conflict in regard to Emily Thompson, saying that she was the daughter of John Thompson (no details of birth or death) and K. Hollinsheds genealogy is full of question marks and I prefer Andrew Thompsons version. It was therefore Caroline Thompson that married Tony Salvas, not Catherine.
This is what I believe. The woman that Hollinshed resorts to calling K was actually the sister of Elias Kettle and had married a Mr Beck. The Sorrento author states with confidence that Ks husband died on the Ticonderas ill-fated 1852 voyage and that his surname was Kettle. But the marriage details given are:
---(i.e. name)(?-1852 i.e. birth and death) married K in England c.1844; son Jack (alias Thompson.)
In effect an unknown man married an unknown woman and they had a seven year old son before the husband died in 1852. It is interesting that Peter Thompson had married Amelia the year after Ks husband had died. K was supposed to have married Mercer (year of birth and death and given name unknown) and had a daughter named Elizabeth who married George Hill. As Amelia was 37 when Peter died, it is probable that she married again and she would have enough fertile time left to have at least one more child. It is interesting that Andrew shows a Thompson-Hill connection too.

SOURCE: RYE CEMETERY RECORDS.
BATES WATSON.
George Bates (d. ? ) married Elizabeth Stark Watson (b.4-11-1897; d.27-5-1997) mother of Jack (d. 16-8-1962 at 42). P.G.Bates (d.6-7-1963 at 68) was the husband of Elizabeth; as he was born about two years before the Watson girl, it is likely that P.G. was George.
I presume that Elizabeth was from the family of Sorrento fishermen and that the Bates family lived nearby circa world war 1.
CAIN-HUGHES.
Thomas V.Cain, known as Tom, (d.29-7-1971 at 87) married Marie Monica Hughes, known as Minnie. The Cains, particularly John, had land from Dromana and Purves Rd to Portsea one would expect his children and their cousins to know just about everyone west of Safety Beach.

PATTERSON-KENNEDY.
Maryann Patterson, daughter of Ralph and Rachel Patterson, (d.4-3-1910 at 35) married a Kennedy. Maryann would have been born about 1875, not long after the family had arrived in Fingal. (Hollinshed says they arrived there in 1855 but he obviously has not seen early, 1864 onward, ratebooks where the parish had about 6 ratepayers, none called Patterson.) It is interesting that James Kennedy was leasing 150 acres in Fingal from the Crown in 1879, when Maryann would have been nearly ready to start school. James, born in 1835, had married Henry Tucks daughter, Harriet, and they had four sons. (LLL page 129.) It is not unreasonable to expect that the youngest was born at the same time as Maryann, when James was 40, and that the two became friends at the school on Andersons Barragunda.
There are only two allotments in Fingal containing 150 acres and one was already alienated by 1879, so James Patterson must have been on allotment 18, granted in 1896 to Christopher Cairns. This is indicated by 260 B1 and just south of it is allotment 24 of 317 acres granted to Margaret Patterson
The Pattersons had probably selected this land 20 years earlier making the two families neighbours across the road from eachother (ie. The northern section of the Long Point Circuit in Greens Bush.)

CAIN-MULLIGAN
Patricia Josephine Cain (d.23-3-1995) married Jon Patrick Mulligan (d 5-7-2000).

SOURCE: T ROVE (National Library of Australias digitized copies of newspapers.)
BRUNNING-EDWARDS.
Ruby, daughter of John Brunning of Somerville, married John Edwards. (Argus 7-9-1923, page 14, column 5.) This appeared under MORNINGTON in COUNTRY NEWS. The Brunnings family, at St Kilda and Somerville, was famous for its nursery products and for many years produced a book about gardening which was widely regarded as the gardeners bible. John Brunning was responsible for the Soldiers Memorial block at Somerville, which the council plans to sell. Leila Shaw, who is a descendant of John Brunning, wrote The Way We Were, a wonderful history of the Somerville area. Leila and Shirley Walter of Frankston are responsible for my books The Mysterious Henry Gomm and The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc.
These two books cover the area between Mornington and Jones Rd and detail the link between some of the families, which will not be given in my dictionary history. Several other pioneers of Tuerong are mentioned in my Tuerong which traces the occupants of the Tuerong Station, later called Tuerong Park, and an associated farm known as Moorellen.
I am awaiting confirmation that John Edwards was of the pioneering Red Hill family.If he was, this would not be the only marriage involving residents of Somerville and Red Hill. George Gomm, one of the Somerville Football Clubs Legends, married a Red Hill girl. While marriages usually took place between youngsters who had grown up as next door, or close, neighbours (except in or after wartime when men married girls they had met while based at camps far away or on Soldier Settlement farms), youngsters at these two towns would meet every year at the famous Somerville Fruitgrowers Show and later at a similar event at Red Hill.

TRUEMAN
Lime Land Leisure gives a few details of this pioneering Tootgarook family and unfortunately many are wrong. So rather than start at the very beginning of my findings, I will start at the end; a seventeen page Trueman genealogy supplied to me by Heather Spunner, the wife of James Truemans great grandson, Graeme Spunner.
The family moved around but within the county of Wiltshire. Jeffrey was born in All Cannings in 1719 and died there in 1791, likewise for his son, Thomas, (1743-1810). His son, Thomas, was born at the same village in 1774 but married at Collingbourne Ducis in 1799 and died there in 1841. His son, William, (1800-1870) entered and left the world in this new village. It is of interest that his wife was Jane Bennett, whom he married in 1822. I wonder if Jane was the aunt of Tom Bennett, a peninsula pioneer, and if Tom arranged for James Trueman to come to Tootgarook as a labourer indentured to James Purves. There is little evidence that James would have been able to pay for his passage.
The family seems to have been locked into poverty. Jeffrey was buried by the parish because he had insufficient funds. The same generosity was required for the burial of his son, Thomass wife, Elizabeth. William Trueman, Jane and their six children were the recipients of charity from the parish of Collingbourne Ducis in 1837, when money was raised to buy coal for the poor of the parish.
Their first child was James Trueman, born 16-6-1822 in Chute, Wiltshire, which seems to have been Janes home village as she died there in 1865. Some of his sisters were Ann, Elizabeth, Ellen and Sarah; I have included them here because no death details have been supplied and one of them could have been the grandmother of the mysterious Mrs Libbis.
James was described as an agricultural labourer in the 1841 Census. He married Jane Cook (b.1827 in Collingbourne Kingston, Wilts.) on 6-6-1850 in Collingbourne Ducis, and in 1851 they were living in Maddington, Wilts. Their first child, Annie, died after living just one month, all 38 days in Collingbourne Ducis. George Trueman was born on 2-3-1852 in Maddington and Henry was born in the same place on 30-9-1855.
Thus when James and Jane boarded the Sabrina at Southampton on 24-1-1857, they had two boys with them, but unfortunately young Henry was destined never to see their new home. He died near the Cape of Good Hope on 10-3-1857. Their passage was swift and they arrived at Hobsons Bay on 13-4-1857. George must have preferred the open road to farming; he was listed as a carter and James was not impressed with his work on the farm and overlooked him when dividing his grant. He died on 10-10-1932, apparently a bachelor. The other five children were:
SARAH b.1857 Pt Nepean, d.1936 Dromana. Married Charles Moat 1891.
ELLEN b. 1858 Tootgarook, d.1899 Parramatta. Married Henry John Cook.
THOMAS b.1863 Tootgarook, d.1925 Dromana. Married Matilda Elizabeth Geary 1899.
WILLIAM b.20-3-1866 Tootgarook, d.1949 in Wangaratta. Married Elsie George 1901.
JOHN b.1870 Tootgarook, d.1943 in Sorrento. Apparently a bachelor.

Thomas and Matilda had two daughters:
Gladys Emeline Nellie b. 1901, married Andrew Seator in 1932.
Bertha Matilda b. 1906 Pt Nepean, d.1985 Caulfield. Married Lester Brooksbank1941.

William and Elsie had four children:
Albert Edward b.1902 Tootgarook, d. 1975 Tootgarook
Married Florence Annie Dark 921.
William b.and d. at Tootgarook 1904.
Frederick James b. 16-1-1908 Pt Nepean, d. 3-11-1959 Sydney.
Married 1. Olive Runciman:child-Linda (McKay)
2. Zita Muriel Hunter at Auburn NSW in 1942.
Nellie May Trueman b. 4-7-1911, d. 27-4-1967 Melb.
Married Frank Ernest Spunner 18-7-1931 Sorrento.

5 comment(s), latest 2 years, 5 months ago

THE ROBERTSON FAMILIES OF" UPPER KEILOR", "GOWRIE PARK" AND "LA ROSE", MELBOURNE, VICTORIA.

A special thank you to Janilye for a tip that will save me thousands of hours!
JAMES ROBERTSON, WHICH ONE?
(Extract from Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around.)
ROBERTSON
This surname has led to mistakes being made by Andrew Lemon (BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN History) and Angela Evans (KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES). Andrew said that a Keilor farmer established Gowrie Park (north of Hadfield) and Angela Evans stated that James Robertson Jnr. of Upper Keilor resigned from the McCracken brewery in 1861. The reason for the confusion is that there were four men in the area named James Robertson. Deidre Farfor of Malvern, a descendant of J.R.1 and 2, can find no link between the three families.
FARM LOCATIONS.(Melway)
Upper Keilor homestead-3 C4; Mar Lodge 28 B3; Aberfeldie (demolished)28 D5; Trinifour 28 G6; Gowrie Park (demolished) approx. 7 B12. Alex. Gibb's house remains in Glenlitta Ave 7 D10.

J.R.1 AND 2 (UPPER KEILOR, MAR LODGE, ABERFELDIE.)
James Robertson ( J.R.1, born in 1789) established Upper Keilor soon after migrating to Melbourne aboard the Strathfieldsaye in 1841. Before dying in 1853, hed acquired about 5000 acres in the parish of Maribyrnong, between Sydenham Rd. and the Calder Park Thunderdome, and land in Doutta Galla Parish which became the Mar Lodge Estate and Aberfeldie. There was an extensive landholding on the Campaspe River as well, which a third son, Thomas, looked after. In 1853, one son, James, inherited Upper Keilor and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie) and his brother, Francis, was given 640 acres of Upper Keilor and the land between (roughly) McCracken and Hedderwick Sts. The Essendon Conservation Study claims that Mar Lodge was so- named by the McCrackens in about 1888 but an obituary for Francis Robertson in 1886 describes his death having taken place at Mar Lodge; obviously it was Francis who gave it the name.. Following the death of his mother in 1869, James (J.R.2) moved to Aberfeldie and it was here that his connection with the McCrackens began. His daughter, Margaret, later married Coiler McCracken, the son of Peter McCracken.
For more details on J.R.1 and 2 and their relatives see Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales by Angela Evans.
J.R.3.(LA ROSE, TRINIFOUR.)
Coiler Robertson married Jeannie McDonald in Inverness in 1812. In 1837 they sailed for New South Wales where they spent two years before moving to Melbourne. The Bounty Index shows that Coiler was 52, Jane was 48 and their children, Grace, Isabella and James were 16, 22 and 19 respectively. It is interesting that the occupation of James was given as BREWER while his father was a shepherd and all the females were dairymaids. N.B. In previous works, I have referred to Coiler Robertson and his son James both dying in 1879. Coiler actually died in 1860.
Coiler Robertson was leasing La Rose (bounded by Bell St., Rose St., Reynard Rd. and the Moonee Ponds Creek) by 1845 and bought it seven years later. In 1846, his daughter, Grace, married Peter McCracken and they started a nine year lease on Stewarton (Gladstone Park north of Koonalda Rd.) before spending two years at the Kensington dairy while the mansion was built on Ardmillan at Moonee Ponds.
In 1851, one of Melbournes seven breweries was owned by Robert and Peter McCracken in partnership with their brother-in-law, James Robertson. (THE GOLD THE BLUE. A.D.Pyke.) This was Graces brother, James, a brewer before migrating, who provided the technical expertise which led to the firm becoming so successful. (Not J.R.2 of Upper Keilor as claimed by Angela Evans.)
The McCracken Letters make frequent early references to the Robertsons and La Rose. It is interesting, in view of James Robertson (J.R.3) retiring from the firm a wealthy man in 1861, that Peter McCracken mentions in a letter to his brother Alex.in September 1862, Mr.J.Robertson has gone west to take out land but has not returned. The first mention of J.R.2 was on 26-11-1866: Mr.J.Robertson is now building on Spring Hill above the garden. This was Aberfeldie (into which J.R.2 moved in 1869) above the present Aberfeldie Park on the Maribyrnongs floodplain. Incidentally, in February 1873, Peter McCracken mentioned the death of Mrs Robertson (J.R.4) of Campbellfield, the last of the old colonists.
There seems little doubt that the partner in the Robertson and McCracken Brewery during the gold rush was the son of Coiler Robertson of La Rose (J.R.3). Coiler Robertson bought the land bisected by Park St., on the north side of Ardmillan in 1855 and in 1860, obviously just before his death as an insolvent, sold it to his son J.R.3 for a little more than half the purchase price. In about 1877, James built Trinifour, which still stands on the south side of Park St. just west of the railway gates.

J.R.4.(GOWRIE PARK IN CAMPBELLFIELD.)
James Robertson established Gowrie Park on the southern half of section 5 of the parish of Will Will Rook. He and his wife, Ann, married in Errol in Perthshire in 1839 and arrived in 1841 after a traumatic voyage. They had set sail on the India but after it caught fire near Rio De Janiero, they completed their voyage aboard the Grindley. Sharing this trauma were Alexander Gibb and his wife.
JAMES Gibb,who may also have shared this voyage, was married to Betsy (nee Coupar), a sister of James Robertsons wife, Ann. The Coupar family lived in a district in Scotland known as Carse o Gowrie. (BROADMEADOWS HISTORY KIT S. OCALLAGHAN) James Gibb and James Robertson selected 640 acres at Campbellfield and set up business in Sydney Road as coachbuilders and blacksmiths, living in a tent. James and Ann Robertson had eight children; their daughter Ann had been 3 months old when theyd sailed from Greenoch and John was born in a tent in 1845.
The 640 acres, bounded by Morley St, Camp Rd., Fairleigh St. and Hilton St., were leased in October 1841 and purchased in 1848 by ALEXANDER Gibb and James Robertson; James Gibb preferred his trade to farming. The northern half became Gibbs Meadowbank and the southern half Gowrie Park. The Robertson family seems to have become more interested in land at Somerton by 1879-80 when James Robertson had 217 acres there. I believe that Gowrie Park was being leased by Thomas William Harrison despite the fact that the rate record did not indicate that the 318 acres at Box Forest was owned by the Robertsons. (Box Forest was the square mile south of Gowrie Park and the rate collector may have thought this name described the farms location better than Campbellfield. The reason why Robertson was not listed as owner may have been that he had been forced to mortgage the farm or that the rate collector simply made a mistake. In 1899-1900, Thomas B.C.Robinson was leasing Gowrie of 317 acres from J.Robertson (John?).
James Robertson (not J.R.4 who had died in 1888) owned 222 acres at Somerton. By 1920-1, trainer, Robert Lewis owned Gowrie.
Buried in grave 82 of the Will Will Rook Cemetery in Camp Rd, just near the Army Camp fence, are:
James Robertson (J.R.4) (d. 28-8-1888 at 80), his wife Ann Coupar (d.7-12-1872 at 58) and Mary Betsy Ann (d.14-3-1901at 45.) On the other side of the Peck monument is grave 88 where James Robertson (d, 20-1-1901 at 75), Elizabeth Robertson (d.26-4-1919 at 76) and John Thomas Robertson (d.20-2-1921 at 53) were buried. Other Robertsons buried in this cemetery were: Alexander W. (d. 27-6-1930) and Sterbinella (24-1-1867). The Robertsons struggled financially and John Robertson worked at Pentridge prison before becoming a coke* merchant in Albert St, Melbourne. (BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY A.LEMON)
(* For the benefit of youngsters: dried coal, not a soft drink or drugs!)
One mystery arising from the above is that James Robertson who died in 1901 would have been born in about 1826 so he could hardly have been the son of, or husband of, Ann Coupar Robertson who was married in 1839. Was he a nephew who came out with J.R.4 in 1841? Most likely, he was the James Robertson who was farming at Somerton shortly before his death.

ART AND HISTORY: . EUGENE VON GUERARD and Walter Clark's "Glenara", Bulla, Victoria, Australia. TOWNSHEND SOMERVILLE.

Artists left a valuable historical legacy in the days before photography developed. The "Australia Sketcher" artists were kept busy recording images of places, such as a view of Mt Martha and Safety Beach from Arthur"s Seat; these can be seen on trove. The Peninsula and other "Artists' Trails" let us compare present day scenes, viewed from the spot where the artists sat, with reproductions of their paintings.

The N.G.V.pamphlet about the Von Guerard exhibition in 2011 contains reproductions of mountain scenes near Kosciusko and the western District but the ones that captured my attention were those of Cape Schanck and Walter Clark's Glenara (Melway 177 C9); the latter on page 2 which is attached.

THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXTRACT FROM "EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF TULLAMARINE", WRITTEN LARGELY FROM MEMORY."
Later additions to the text are written in italics.

SECTIONS 16 and 17.
Section 16 was granted to Archibald Walker who sold the 533 acres to William Coghill on 7-7-1842 for 1040 pounds. On 16-5-1856, William conveyed the part of section 16 s/w of Bulla Rd to George for two (several?) sums of 10 shillings each and the natural love and affection he hath and beareth for the said George Coghill.

As it is now two years since I have been able to access the computer, both my enthusiasm and my ability to recall facts or access notes at the drop of a hat have almost disappeared. Therefore, I hope you will forgive me if the rest of this history is somewhat abbreviated. I think that is preferable to the information not becoming available.


Section 17, consisted of part A (435 acres) and part B (448 acres). As the Bulla road ran through 17A, from Oaklands Junction (where a southern extension of Oaklands Rd would meet Perimeter Rd inside the airport) to where a dotted line now meets Sunbury Rd at Melway 177, F/9, the north eastern corner became the Inverness Hotel paddock of 58 acres, rather than part of Glenara, (although it was still owned by the Clark family). This paddock was generally leased by the occupant of the Inverness, such as Patrick Condon in 1879 and 1882. By 1915, bookmaker, Maurice Quinlan had bought this paddock (as well as huge tracts of the Glenara Estate up Oaklands Rd) and was leasing it and the hotel to Eleanor C.Gibb, who was later to move to the Essendon (Grand) Hotel. Another to run the hotel was Bridget Madden, the sister of Maurice Crotty of "Broomfield", through which Tullamarine Park Rd now runs.
Glenara consisted of 1030 acres and was owned by Alexander Clark in 1914. It consisted of the part of section 16 conveyed to George Coghill the part of 17A excluding the Inverness Hotel, and 17B.
As I no longer have my notes and maps, the following relies purely on my memory. George Goghill called his farm Glencairn. The dam at 177 D12 was known to the pioneers as the Glencairn dam. Walter Clark, who was the next owner, renamed the farm Glenara. Coghill, remembered by street names in Broadmeadows (Westmeadows) and Bulla Townships, also owned Cumberland, and if I remember correctly, built the Cumberland mansion whose ruins are at Melway 178 C12. In about 1850 Coghill, like Joseph Raleigh at Maribyrnong, built boiling down works to convert near-worthless sheep into tallow.
Walter Clark bought much land up Oaklands Rd as well as Glenara. One portion of this land was called Dunalister, after his son, Alister. When a later owner of this property wished to rename it Balbethan, the late Bob Blackwell used the name for his property near (I think) Elmore.
While in London, young Alister Clark chanced upon the Chelsea Flower Show and fell in love with roses. Bulla Bulla gives great detail of his fame as a breeder of roses. Alister also loved horses and as well as being closely involved with the Oaklands Hunt, he was the first Chairman of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its inception until his death. Two of this clubs highly regarded races were the Tullamarine Handicap and the Alister Clark Stakes. Alisters Vice Chairman, J.B.McArthur, and the Rundles (later owners of Glenara) were members of the Hunt as well.
Alister was adored in the community and Lilly Green, who with hubby Cec used the closed Junction Hotel at Greens Corner (Mobil site) for a garage and store, said that serving Alister with petrol was the highlight of her time there. Alister served for years on the Bulla Shire Council (many as President) and the Bulla School Committee.

I.W.Symonds' "Bulla Bulla" has much information about the Clark family. If I remember correctly, Walter Clark died in a buggy accident at about the time that Eugene Von Guerard painted the scene in the painting. The reason it is described as being near Keilor is that from 1854, Keilor Rd (known as Mt Alexander Rd) became the main route to the diggings, much money having been spent to build Brees' bridge and improve the surface. Logically, the artist would have taken that route, stopped at Keilor for refreshments and then taken Arundel Rd (part of which is now named after Jose Borrell)across Bertram's Ford and through "Arundel", finally driving north along the present McNabs Rd past Barbiston, Victoria Bank, Oakbank, Aucholzie,Seafield, Roseleigh and Gowrie Park until he reached the southern boundary of Glencairn at Melway 4 G2. Then he would have chosen a spot which placed Mt Macedon almost in line with the homestead.One can imagine the curiosity of the McNab, Ritchie, Mansfield, Grant, Farnes, and Gray children to see a stranger in their quiet backwater. I bet they followed and watched him at work from a respectful distance. The Grants of Craigllachie and Loemans of Glenloeman, on Tullamarine Island, probably gawked from across Deep Creek.

Amazingly although the two families were so prominent, the Shire of Bulla rate collectors could never seem to work out which ones were Clark and which were Clarke (of the Jackson's old run, where Rupertswood was built.) Interestingly, the buildings between the Glenara homestead and Mt Macedon are probably on Lochton where Bain opened a flour mill in 1856, the year that Walter Clark bought 17A and Glencairn.(Lochton, whose old homestead was still standing when occupied by Reddan descendants circa 1999, is located at Melway 177 C4; aborigines used to pick-a-back children from Lochton across the creek on their way to the original Bulla school near the bridge.)

TOWNSHEND SOMERVILLE, about whom much information is given in my SOMERVILLE journal,was married at Glenara, the residence of Walter Clark. This would indicate that he and Walter were close friends. (Illustrated Australian News, 4-12-1871, page 223, accessed through TROVE.)


Discovering DAVEY of Frankston AND Red Hill and Jamieson's Special Survey, Victoria, Australia.

I know that I haven't finished listing the Kangerong grantees and their allotments etc, etc but I'm sort of like a dog with a bone when there's a mystery to solve. And I've solved it. I suggested a link between H.P.Davey (at Forest Lodge, Red Hill) who urged donations for the destitute family of William Connell and the two Davey girls of "Marysville" Frankston but I don't need to suggest any more, and boy, have I found some good stuff!
I do not intend starting to use my trusty left index finger on all of this now, it being nearly 1 a.m. Here's the proof of the connection between Frankston and Red Hill.
(Mornington Standard, 4-11-1911, page 3.) James Davey Esq., a resident of long standing in Frankston, died in Melbourne last Friday (this article would have been written on Friday 3rd). He had suffered a long time from illness and had seemed to recover but.. (I'll leave it for you to find out and post it as a comment.)By the way this is not verbatim.He had resided at St Kilda for the last two years. He was born at Gardiners Creek but lived the greater part of his life at Davey's Bay. He was the second eldest son of James Davey, after whom Davey's Bay was named. For some time the deceased gentleman lived at Red Hill but the greater part of his life was spent at "Marysville" , Davey's Bay, built by his father in 1851. Its slate and timber came from Tasmania and it was the mansion of the district. It was dismantled by A.H.Sargood (probably after John A. and James Davey were ejected by court order at the end of February, 1909.)
He had four daughters and six sons, all of whom moved away apart from Len who is a Mt Eliza Resident.

Before I present information from trove and rate books, I think we had better inspect the family tree, starting with the grandfather of the above, William, old man Davey, after whom Olivers Hill was originally named. William's father, James, was buried in a mousehole! I'll give details of this mousehole tomorrow.
APOLOGY. THE MOUSEHOLE WAS WHERE WILLIAM'S FATHER DIED, NOT WHERE HE WAS BURIED. I WAS SO BUSY THINKING OF MY LITTLE JOKE THAT I CONFUSED THE DETAILS! There is a Melbourne in Victoria and a Melbourne in the U.S.A. There is a Mousehole in Cornwall. It is 3.1 miles south of Penzance. The google map of Mousehole shows that is quite close to Paul which features often in the Davey genealogy.

The following genealogy comes from the Kessell family tree:pedigree of Davey of Frankston, Mornington. There is another website about the Davey family on www.gencircles but I couldn't be bothered with more passwords; however I extracted valuable information from the summary, as follows, detailing the names of the Davey runs and explaining why Mornington is mentioned.
THE RUNS.
Many Frankston websites mention Davey's Bay and land between Frankston and Mornington but do not give the names.
"In 1840, James Davey took up the Cannanuke pastoral run and Cannanuke Inn near Frankston." (It is possible that the Frankston websites' date of 1846 is a mis-reading of almost illegible writing or that 1840 should be 1846.) "He also had the Ballanrong run, four miles west of Hastings from 1846 until 1851."
Bruce Bennett has reproduced a map of runs south of Frankston in "The Butcher, The Baker, The". One thing that I remember clearly is that no boundary was drawn between Tuerong and Archibald Yuille's Ballanrong. Tuerong stretched south to Merricks Beach between Coolart and Tuck's Mantons Creek and it is likely that the northern boundary of the run, as for the pre-emptive right,was the line of Tuerong Rd. Ballanrong probably went north to Boundary Road (Canadian Bay Rd.) The Ballanrong pre-emptive right was bounded by Racecourse, Bungower, Three Chain (Moorooduc) and Tyabb Rds. The Chechingurk run (Balcombe's The Briars) was west of Ballanrong to the beach and Yan-ti-cran probably stretched along the coast from Sunnyside Rd to the Cannanuke run centred along Davey's Bay.
Historic Dams: Family C-32 (a thoroughbred website) states that William C.Yuille sold Ballanrong and Rockbank in 1852-3 and Yuille's biography says that he bought Ballanrong in 1851 and sold it to his cousin Archibald. Valda Cole provided Graeme Butler with data for the Hastings District Heritage Study,Volume 2 (page 7)about the lessees of Ballanrong: Meyrick (of Coolart)1840, Gorringe 1841-5, Jasper Davey 1845-51, W.C.Yuille 1851, Archie Yuille 1852-7 when lease ended. (In 1858, T.J.Sumner of Stony Park, Melway 30 B8, bought the Ballanrong P.R. while Archie bought land to the west between Tyabb Rd and Tanti Ck, and to the north, bounded by Balcombes Ck/ Wooralla Dr to the roundabout, the line of Wynnstay Rd, Moorooduc Rd and Bungower Rd west to the creek. Another buyer of part of the Ballanrong run was William Robertson, through whose Tanti Park Sheep Station Robertson Dr. now runs.)
The above raises two questions. 1. Was Jasper a nickname or did Valda misread almost-illegible type? 2. Why did the Daveys leave Ballanrong?
I can think of two possible answers to the second question. The period 1943-51 was not a good time for squatters. The depression was as bad as that of the 1890's. The banks would not lend money and graziers could not sell their cattle and sheep. Bruce Bennett details how many Peninsula graziers slaughtered most of their stock and boiled them down for tallow. Raleigh (Maribyrnong) and Coghill (Bulla) established boiling down works and the payment of 5 shillings per sheep helped some squatters to struggle through the slump. The funniest thing is that a squatter, on the run that gave Monageeta (near Mt Macedon) its name, whose ruin was prevented by his estate at Melway 16 H6 being in his wife's name, became the greatest opponent of the squatters.Who's going to be first to put his name in the comments space? Davey might have been close to becoming insolvent.This possibility is increased by the property being mostly used by W.C.Yuille as a thoroughbred stud, rather than for grazing.
The second possibility is that the property was associated with a family tragedy and that daily reminders were too much to bear. Rebecca, daughter of Mr and Mrs Furze, died at Ballanrong on 28-5-1851. Why was that a Davey family tragedy? She was the wife of Old Man (William) Davey and mother of James Davey! It seems that the Daveys shared their time between the two runs, living in fairly basic dwellings and that Ballanrong was Rebecca's favourite place. William and James probably retained the run until her death, but disposed of it shortly afterwards.It seems unlikely that the sale was forced by financial circumstances because James built the mansion, Marysville, in 1851 according to the obituary of James Davey of Frankston and Red Hill.

GENEALOGY. It seems that I don't need to present much Davey genealogy as it is all available on the web. Many of the descendants of the James Davey who died in Mousehole went to South Australia. His son William (Old Man Davey) and accompanying family seem to have spent time near Gardiners Creek before moving south.
If you google JAMES WILLIAM DAVEY, the first listing will be janilye's journal on Family Tree Circles. The writing on his mother's death certificate must have been hard to read and nobody seems to be sure what was the place of death of Rebecca (nee Furze); janilye made the logical assumption that it was Balnarring, the only current place name that bears any resemblance to Ballanrong. She has provided much information regarding the ships that carried Old man Davey (William)and his relations to Australia and where they settled. She also has a picture of the Davey house in Cornwall.
As mentioned before, PEDIGREE OF DAVEY, FRANKSTON, MORNINGTON has extensive genealogical detail, although full details are not available about every family member.
Many descendants of the Davey family have posted in a conversation on Genforum. This will come up first if you google DAVEY, CORNWALL, FRANKSTON.
My immediate task is to find if there is any relationship between Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill and the Frankston Daveys. WATCH THIS SPACE!
Janilye said that H.P.Davey did not seem to be related to the Frankston Daveys and there seems to be no direct relationship.He was apparently born in South Melbourne in 1879 to Mary Ann (nee Pearce) and Thomas James Davey . This is interesting because there seems to be a strong connection between old man Davey's relations who went to South Australia and the Pearce family. His name was Henry Pearce Davey and he married Vivienne Eva Jeannie Thompson on 2-9-1908. The marriage notice is on page 11 of the Argus of 12-9-1908. The strange thing is that a Thomas James Davey born in Bristol in 1844, who came to Australia in 1857, started as a storekeeper at Sale but became an accountant and Lord Mayor of Melbourne 1911-12 and 1912-13, and married three times, had a son called Mr H.P.Davey from his first marriage to a Miss Davis of Tasmania.

RED HILL.
My inspection of rate records this morning aimed to locate the properties of H.P. and James Davey at Red Hill. We already know the time of Henry's departure from Red Hill and that he had been there for about ten years (I hope I've told you!)

I discovered that Henry had 190 acres, Kangerong. J.Davey was granted 22 A and B of 78 and a bit acres each. The parish map gives no indication of when these were issued.The western border of this land is that of the Kangerong Nature Conservation Reserve extended north onto Melway map 161 and south to a point where it would meet a line (parallel with the south boundary of the reserve) drawn north west from the bend in Red Hill Rd just north of Darling Park Wines. The north east corner was 120 metres north of the Craig Avon Lane corner. How the rate collector arrived at 190 acres is a mystery. I thought that he had 44 acres to the north of Forest Lodge as well (200 acre total minus now-closed road), but the 1900 rates show that Charles Fritsch had this as well as his other grant, almost 103 acres to the north and fronting Myers Rd from 8 Myers Rd to the Wallaby Downs entrance.Robert Coxon Young's grant of 121 acres to the west of Forest Lodge was not separately assessed and my best guess is that Henry, or J.Davey, had bought 34 acres and the McIlroys (who now had almost 300 acres more than they were granted)had bought the other 87 acres. This 190 acre property was definitely Forest Lodge according to Keith Holmes, who said it was the first property on the right as you entered McIlroys Rd from Red Hill Rd and that the Haigs had owned it later. Strangely Bertram John Davey had land at the south west corner of Jamieson's Special Survey, not far north of Forest Lodge.

James Davey was leasing 160 acres Wannaeue from the Crown by 1875.By 1882, he had only 158 and a bit acres, probably because of road making. Between the time that the 1886-7 and the 1887-8 assessments were prepared, he had become the owner.In 1896-7, James Davey was recorded as the owner of 158 1/2 acres Wannaeue.This was blatantly incorrect! In 1896-7, James Davey, farmer, Frankston, was recorded as owner and occupier of 28a Wannaeue, the only property in the Riding of that size. In 1900-1 and the next year Watts and Stephens, executors of the Davey Estate were assessed on 28a Wannaeue. Where was 28a? It was between Main Creek Rd and Willian Rd, with its north west corner opposite Whites Rd and the south east corner near the end of William Rd. This Wannaeue map also contains the information that James Davey obtained title to the 158 acre 2 rood 7 perch property on 5-9-1878. (It took quite a while for the rate collector to become aware of this, didn't it!)

The family connections entry in my Peninsula District History seeks to explain how the bride and groom met.
Sometimes they had been schoolmates but in a high number of cases they were near neighbours.This is such a case. James Davey (1845-1911), grandson of Old Man Davey and 2nd son of James Davey (depasturing licence for Ballanrong and Cannanuke after whom Davey's Bay was named), married Mary Ann Hillis/ Hillas in Melbourne in 1871, according to Janilye.And where did Mary Ann live? On the other side of Main Creek Rd on 23b Wannaeue who noth and south boundaries were a western extension of those of 28a.William Hillis received the grant for 23b on 10-12-1885 and gained title to 23a on 12-11-1888. The latter block, 480x 500 metres and containing almost 60 acres, could be accessed from Purves Rd via Wilson Rd at its south west corner.
Hill Hillas (as Colin McLear calls him) married James McKeown's sister, Mary, in Ireland and arrived in Red Hill in 1855. (P. 86 A Dreamtime of Dromana.)

BITS AND PIECES ABOUT THE DAVEYS.
It could be dangerous to state emphatically that any Davey who appeared in the Frankston and Red Hill areas was totally unrelated to the Daveys of Frankston. Henry Pearce Davey of Forest Lodge, Red Hill was the son of Thomas Henry Davey, born in Bristol, which is 275 km from Mousehole. It could be that T.H.'s father had originally lived near Mousehole but had fled to escape arrest for smuggling.The Davey and Pearce families had a connection in South Australia.
Another case is that of Bertram John Davey who had 446 acres and buildings, lot 13 and part 14, survey, Kangerong in 1919-20. He was the Managing Director of Edwin Davey and Sons, flour millers and seems to have come from near Burra in South Australia. Lots 13 and 14 in the subdivision sale of the estate of Sir William J.Clarke in 1907 are indicated by Melway F-K 4-6, not far north of lots 23a and b Kangerong and not far from John Oswin's Newstead near Tubbarubba, where Henry Pearce Davey spent a holiday about five years after he had left Forest Lodge.
Henry Pearce Davey was involved at Balnarring where he was a very efficient Secretary of the committee that ran the Sports (athletics etc.) Mary Karney, the author of "The Golden Plains Tabbarubbarel" tells me that the Davey family settled in Balnarring in the 1860's alongside the Oswins and Buckleys etc. (Part of Balnarring Rd was originally called Buckley Rd.) Perhaps J.Davey, who was granted Forest Lodge, was a member of the Balnarring family, brother of Henry Pearce Davey and father of James Davey who found the coral encrusted coal a mile inland near Warrawee. (Wrong, see below!)
Keith Holmes told me that Forest Lodge was the first property on the right when you turned into McIlroys Rd from Red Hill Rd, confirming my description of its location.
The Cannanuke Inn was established by local pastoralist, John Davey,in the 1840's and was the only substantial building when Permien surveyed the township of Frankston, according to the Frankston City Council website. Its site, 1R Plowman St, is heritage listed. Georgiana McCrae of the Arthur's Seat run described Davey's Inn as flea-riddled and spent a sleepless night there on the way to Melbourne. When young George McLear took a fresh horse to Frankston for Charles Graves ( who was due to return soon from Melbourne with goods to hawk all over the Southern Peninsula), he made his way home on foot rather than share Georgiana's problem. Was this the inn that Frank Stone's father ran?

I'M OFF TO THE DROMANA MUSEUM TO FIND OUT ABOUT THE DAVEY FAMILY OF BALNARRING! What a fizzer! It was the Davies family that pioneered in the Balnarring parish. There is good family history in the museum, bound in a green cover. Keith Holmes was at the museum and when I pointed to Davies, Red Hill, in my rates transcriptions, he told me that the surname was actually Davis.

POSTSCRIPT.
I've now been able to confirm that James Davey (the second son described on page 5) was the grantee of the crown allotments detailed below. A curious thing is that Henry Pearce Davey (son of Thomas James Davey from his first marriage to Miss Davis of Hobart) was a subsequent owner of Forest Lodge. Thomas James Davey was born in Bristol in 1844 and came to Victoria in 1857, starting as a storekeeper in Sale. In 1891 he was elected a Lonsdale Ward councillor and became Lord Mayor of Melbourne in 1910-11 and 1911-12.

Henry Pearce Davey also offered one pound per acre to buy block 55 (242acres) of the Clarke Estate but his offer was knocked back.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 27-4-1907.) To save Davey researchers a lot of frustration, I must point out that there is no lot 55 on Land Plan 4916 (The Clarke Estate.) The lots are numbered 1 to 54 with lots 25 to 54 mainly consisting of 5 acres along the Safety Beach coast.No lot consisted of 242 acres.

I can only guess that H.P.Davey was offering to buy part of lot 14 of 532 acres 3 roods and 32 perches, part of which is now Wallaby Downs (Melway 161 H5.) Lot 14 was about a mile north along Junction Rd from James Davey's grants in the parishes of Kangerong and Balnarring. H.P.Davey was apparently a friend of the Oswins of "Newstead" which was just east of James Davey's grant that became "Seven Oaks", and spent a holiday with them after he had moved to St Kilda.

Davey St, Dromana (Melway J-K 7) on Spencer Jackson's Panoramic Estate (1927), was probably named by Spencer, and suggested by the Dysons who had a keen interest in the area's history, to honour James Davey.

James Davey's grants near Red Hill.
PARISH C/A ACRES MELWAY COMMENTS
Kangerong 23 a, b 158 161 F-J 10-11 "Forest Lodge". Bisected by DunnsCk Rd.
Balnarring 14a 121 161 K 10, 11 (Gr.20-1-1874) Became Kentucky&Rosslyn.
Balnarring 79a 128 161 J 11,12. Became A.E.Bennett's "Seven Oaks".
Wannaeue 28a 158 190 pt.A, B 5,6 (Gr. 5-9-1878) Later Bullocky Bob White's.

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TUBBARUBBA, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA: "YOU SHOULD SEE BARNES' HONEY!"

I must confess I was being naughty with the second part of the title. Although the owner of Barnes' honey had a holiday house in Rosebud, the product had nothing to do with Tubbarubba. I was imagining what a fossicker at the Tubba Rubba diggings , during the 1890's depression, might have said when his wife said that he was wasting his time.William Barnes had found a quartz- encrusted nugget worth 1000 pounds in 1895 (at about Melway 151 F2?) a mile and a half west of the old diggings (at precisely 162 B-c3.) A look at such a prize would have convinced the wife to endure for a while longer!
And how would I know these details? "THE GOLDEN PLAINS TUBBARUBBABEL" of course! I first read this book many years ago and went to the library to borrow it so I could get some more details about the Downwards for my Red Hill journals. The only copy available for loan was at Mornington but family tree circle magic, Neil Mansfield's Kensington map and Steve Burnham's website organised a special loan for me.
"The Golden Plains Tubbarubbabel" was written by Mary Karney, a descendant of John Oswin, with Bruce Bennett carrying out research in Melbourne for her. Bruce is a Melbourne vet. who became interested in the local history of the Peninsula during his holidays near Westernport. Two of his books are "The General Store" and "The Butcher, the Baker, the". The latter was a great source for my "The Female Drover: A History of Moorooduc" despite the Murray farm just east of Jones' Corner being described as being in three different localities(Moorooduc, Tyabb and I've forgotten the third.) This is understandable; the location descriptions would have come straight from newspapers.
Mary's book has had three printings, but as the library has only one copy available for loan, Mary is going to supply some more copies to the Hastings branch and I suggested that the Dromana Historical Society might sell some at their museum. Bruce's books are available at the Mornington museum and possibly at other local museums.A feature of Golden Plains apart from some good genealogical and local history information is the excellent collection of photographs of pioneers (Downward, Oswin, Mairs, Stanley, the murdered Jack Johnson etc), homesteads and the Foxey's Hangout tree with actual foxes suspended.(Another book I have read is specifically about Foxey's Hangout, written I believe by the family which carried on the tradition after Garry Downward.)

Joan Downward, who supplied much material and information for Golden Plains, has written a history of the Downward family.Mary has given me permission to post this journal.

At the start of my Red Hill Grantees journal,although Tubbarubba is a fair way from Red Hill, I gave detail of Alf Downward's grants. I speculated that he had bought this land in about 1905. He selected lot 1 Balnarring (between Tubbarubba Reserve and Foxey's Rd) in 1869, calling it Glengala, and received the grant for it on 31-8-1887. He married his neighbour, Josephine Kerr, in 1879 and lot 4,(Melway 162 D-F 3,4)became part of the Downward property. Lot 4 was the reason that his first attempt to become a councillor was unsuccessful. During the campaign, the anonymous "a ratepayer" and "Bessie Raine" were criticising Alf, who had opposed the council's plans to put a road through lot 4, and their gutless mud-slinging swayed enough undecided voters to give Alf's opponent victory. Alf bought 2B in 1894 and 2A in 1899. The diggings having become silent, Alf managed to buy sections 3, 7 and 8 between 1909 and 1914 (with the exception of the cemetery site which later became Tubbarubba Reserve.) These two blocks fronted Foxey's Rd and are indicated by 162B1 and A1 respectively.
Alf remained a member of Parliament until 1929; poor health probably forced his retirement as he died in 1930.
Alf's uncle, John Campbell Downward, had selected 312 acres at the corner of Stanley and Merricks Rds (192 D-E 3,4) in 1854 and his father, Edward Downward, had selected land further east fronting Stanley Rd (192 east half of 192 H 3-4.)

John Oswin selected lot 35A in 1865 and called it "Newstead". (This name could have come from goldmining near Castlemaine or it may have had the literal meaning of "new place".-itellya.) John married Georgina Mills in 1865. Georgina's diaries covering the period from 1881-1910 give a picture of the daily happenings such as Willy Mairs having a look at the piano to see what the problem was.Fannie Oswin married William Lambie, the Bittern blacksmith. Ern Oswin and Willie Mairs camped at the diggings to try their luck. Mrs Grayden, the first postmistress at Bittern also served the community as a midwife; Graydens Rd was named after her family. The book discusses the murder in 1874, but unfortunately the suspect's name is given as Shanahan instead of Shannon, probably caused by an error in a newspaper account (which I didn't come across.)

Other information obtained from the book about Red Hill pioneers will be presented in that journal.

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