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WHICH FORD WAS SOLOMON'S FORD NEAR AVONDALE HEIGHTS,VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA?

Was it at the west end of Canning St, Avondale Heights (Melway 27 B8) or at the end of North Rd (27 B5)?
Does information about the Solomons help?

3 Settling on the land
3.1 Squatters
By the time Hoddle made his map of Cut-Paw-Paw, he could mark the location of one squatter's
station in the parish of Cut-Paw-Paw. This was 'Mr Solomon's Station', on the south side of the
Maribyrnong River where the Medway Golf Club is now located. Another station belonging to
Mr Solomon is on the same map, but outside of Cut-Paw-Paw parish, on the north side of the
river in what is now East Keilor(8) . Squatters did not own their land. At first they held their
acreage under pastoral licenses. After 1847 they were able to lease land from the Crown for 14
years at a time, with the option of purchasing part of it when the lease had expired. Joseph
Solomon was the licensee of a run in Cut-Paw-Paw, which he held from 1836 to 1849. Michael
Solomon is said to have also been the licensee of a run at Solomon's Ford, 'Keilor' between 1835
and 1841(9). Eventually Judah Solomon purchased the land on which the golf course now stands(10).
It is said that the first clubhouse used by the Medway Golf Club was a relic of the 1850s,
belonging either to Judah Solomon or William Alison Blair who purchased the property from
Solomon in 1858(11).
8 See map Sydney C10, Parish of Cut-Paw-Paw, Hoddle, 1840
9 R.V. Billis and A.S.Kenyon, Pastoral Pioneers of Port Phillip, 1974: 142
10 Jones, 1983: 54Environmental History City of Maribyrnong
Jill Barnard Graeme Butler Francine Gilfedder & Gary Vines, 2000: Volume 2: 6
(
Maribyrnong Heritage Review Volume 2 Environmental History City ...
www.maribyrnong.vic.gov.au/Files/Vol_2_Hist_Final_sc.PDF‎)

That does little to help us decide because Joseph and Judah were near the site of Braybrook Township and Michael was near North Rd.

In a book entitled SOLOMON'S FORD, Valentine Jones presented a strong case for the ford at the west end of Canning St, and convinced me, so that I have written many times that the Canning St ford was Solomon's ford. Now I think I was wrong because of three words: TO SOLOMON'S FORD.

But firstly,let's see what Graeme, Gary and Co.say about the Canning St ford.

Ironically, the site most easily identifiable with the first white people to enter the area, the ford across the Maribyrnong found by Grimes and his party on the Maribyrnong in 1803, is said to be a fish trap and ford created by Woi-wurrung people.

The (Grimes) party rowed as far as some rocks that later became known as Solomon's Ford and were situated on the Maribyrnong just south of the western end of what is today called Canning Street, at the boundary of the Cities of Maribyrnong, Brimbank and Moonee Valley. Unable to get the boat across the rocks, they left it
and moved further up the river until they found that the salt water gave way to fresh.

The second excerpt shows that eminent historians placed their money on the same horse as I had. However the words in bold type bring us to the Township of Braybrook map. This township, like Keilor and Broadmeadows (now Westmeadows) was placed on a well-used route and straddled a stream. Braybrook Township was in the parish of Doutta Galla north of the river, and Cut Cut Paw to the south. The Canning St ford was on North Braybrook Township where Michael and Mary Clancy were granted land bounded by the river, Canning St, roughly Langham St,and Duke St. This ford could only be accessed through Clancy land. (Township map in Valentine Jones's book.)


Township of Braybrook - National Library of Australia
nla.gov.au/nla.map-nk2456-265‎
Victoria. Surveyor General's Office. Township of Braybrook [cartographic material] 1855. MAP NK 2456/265.

(A second Braybrook Township map is identical online,except that it was signed by assistant surveyor James Reid on 5-1-1855 and shows a dotted line from the south leading to the Rhonda St ford.)

The 1-5-1855 township map,prepared for the early sale of lots with only some parts having been subdivided, shows that Avondale Heights' Raglan St continued south to the river meeting Lacy St on the other side;perhaps a bridge was intended there. Canning St only went as far west as Raglan St but the present west end was called North St and ran between Brown St and the river. There was no ford at Melway 27 B8! Brown St continued to the river following the course of today's Woodbury Court,and the last two sections of Brentwood Drive, to the line of Rhonda Drive which led to a ford! (Melway,27 C9.)Despite the Rhonda St ford (there in 1855), the river is labelled salt water to about the line of Butler St with fresh water written on the part of the river in 27 B8. This accords with what Grimes and Co. found (Unable to get the boat across the rocks, they left it and moved further up the river until they found that the salt water gave way to fresh. The water in 27 B8 (just south of the west end of Canning St) was labelled "fresh" so it must have been the Rhonda St ford that stopped Grimes' party.

The Clancy ford must have been made by Michael to get to his other land in the Shire of Braybrook,for his children to get to Braybrook State School or so he could maintain contact with other members of his family on the other side of the river.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 19 October 1878 p 2 Advertising.
SHIRE OF BRAYBROOK.
Maidstone, 17th October, 1878..
IN accordance with Clause 265 of the Local Government Act 1874, the following Valuation of the Rateable Property in the Shire is published for the information of the parties rated.WILLIAM PULLAR.
Clancy, Michael, Hampstead nett annual value 2 pounds.

BRAYBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL. MONDAY, JAN. 5.
The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 10 January 1885 p 3 Article
... slaughtering licenses were granted:-R. Clancy, Braybrook;


Mr. Clancy offered to maintain the Braybrook ford, on the Keilor boundary, for ?10 per annum.
(The Bacchus Marsh Express (Vic. : 1866 - 1918) Saturday 8 May 1880 p 2 Article)

From Clancy and Porter wanting Errol street, Braybrook cleared -Deferred for the attendance of the Eastern
Riding councillors. (Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 8 December 1894 p 3 Article.)
You will remember that Errol St led to the Rhonda St ford via the riverside road.

The most startling piece of evidence in regard to Solomon's Ford is in the same map. On the west side of the river a road (JUST WEST OF BURKE ST) heads north from Raleigh St (now Cranwell St)to a point level with Clarendon Street (the northern boundary of the township) where it is labelled TO SOLOMON'S FORD. This would seem to be heading to the end of North St. but just to be sure, the Cut Cut Paw map was consulted.

Digital Collections - Maps - Cut Paw Paw, County of Bourke ...
nla.gov.au/nla.map-rm3014‎

This 1884 map seems to indicate that it was Burke St that headed north to Solomon's Ford from Raleigh St but it now extends south to High St (Western Highway.)After approaching close to the river opposite Clancy's it curved around the bend opposite Canning St and having reached the northern boundary of the township (eastern extension of Somers St), the road made a bee-line for Melway 27 C6 to cross SOLOMON'S FORD and link with the North Road ramp near the western boundary of today's Thompson St Reserve.

Although the Doutta Galla part of Braybrook Township is not shown, a fine line is apparent on a wider section
of the river where the 1855 (and 1803) Rhonda St ford would be,linking to a riverside road that is now a walking track,and from which could be accessed Errol St, leading to the Braybrook State School. I had never thought about where the Clancy, Munro etc. children from North Braybrook Township went to school but now it's painfully obvious.

TWO SOLOMON'S FORDS?
The surveyors in 1855 and 1884 were in no doubt where Solomon's ford was but Clancy's Ford seemed to have been called Solomon's ford at times.
FIRE AT BRAYBROOK.
About 2 o'clock a.m. on Friday morning the look-out man at the Melbourne station gave the alarm of a fire at Braybrook. The local and Footscray brigades were soon on the ground, but as no water was available the premises were consumed. The locality was near Solomon's Ford on the Saltwater River, but at some distance up to the hill. The house was one of four rooms, built of wood, owned by P. Clancy, but let to Mr.Pridham*,butcher. It was not known whether any insurance was on the building or contents.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 17 April 1897 p 9 Article.)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 12 August 1870 p 4 Article
The body of the boy Clancy, who was drowned in the Saltwater River on Saturday last whilst crossing near Solomon's Ford, along with a man named Morris, was recovered

KEILOR COUNCIL
Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 9 July 1910 p 1 Article
(The Braybrook shire had sent either a cheque or bill)for part cost of repairing Clancy's Ford and pointing out that it was an excellent piece of work and likely to require little maintenance in future. Cr Dodd thought the culvert had been put in higher than the old one and that the water at Solomon's Ford had thereby been raised and made less useful.

The Dodds and Delahey's would have known which ford was the right Solomon's Ford. What he meant (badly paraphrased by the reporter) is that if the water dammed up too much at Clancy's ford, Solomon's ford upstream would be covered with water, making the ford less useful,not the water.

*BRAYBROOK NORTH TOWNSHIP.
Michael Clancy?s evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald?s* properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy?s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim?s crops. Derham had Clancy?s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.

(*M.Fitzgerald had 353 acres, between Balfour Ave. and Somers St., Sunshine, south of McIntyre?s ?Riversdale?.)
In 1900, Daniel Munro had 21 acres, Thomas Derham (Jnr.) 44 acres, A. Pridham 89 acres and Walter Marshall possibly 50 acres. Harry Newman of Maidstone had 10 acres while James Holbery, James Moore and the Melbourne Orphan Asylum of Brighton had parcels of less than 3 acres each. By 1906 about 30 acres of the township had become part of McKenna?s closer settlement farm.(P.45, EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.)



EVIDENCE.
"SOLOMON'S FORD" SEARCH ON TROVE.
DEATH.
SOLOMON. - On the 25th April, at his residence, No. 3 Moffatt street, South Yarra, Joseph Solomon, late of Solomon's Ford, Braybrook, aged seventy-one years. A colonist of fifty-two years.
(THE BACCHUS MARSH EXPRESS. ESTABLISHED 1866. SATURDAY, MAY 3rd. 1890.)


PUBLIC POUND.
NOTICE is hereby given that, the Public Pound at Footscray, in the County of Bourke, will be removed from
its present site to Braybrook, near Solomon's Ford in the said County, and that the same shall be henceforth called the Braybrook Pound. By order of the Bench of Magistrates, ROBERT CADDEN, Clerk Petty Sessions,County Bourke. Police Office,Melbourne, March 27th, 1849.(P.1, Argus, 3-4-1849.)

The 1855 Township of Braybrook map shows "Pound Yards" near the bottom right hand corner of Melway 27 D9. This indicates that the ford that stopped the progress of Grimes' boat, where the water was still salty, (at the south end of today's Rhonda St), was the ORIGINAL SOLOMON'S FORD and the one used by early squatters.


DEMPSTER.
DEATH BY DROWNING,
John Dempster, aged 15 years, was accidentally drowned at Solomon's Ford, in the Saltwater River, at Braybrook yesterday. He was bathing with other lads about 4 o'clock when he suddenly sank, and the water being muddy it was a quarter of an hour before the body was found. Every means WAS used for restoring (inlnintion?), and Dr. M'Carthy was quickly on the spot, but all efforts at resuscitation proved futile. (P.6, Argus, 21-1-1897.)

("John Dempster, Drowned" search on trove.)
- On the 6th April (suddenly), at his residence, "Edinburgh," Northumberland Rd., Sunshine, ex-Cr.William Robert Dempster, J.P., the dearly beloved husband of Florence Marion Dempster, the devoted father of John (dec.),William (ex-A.I.F.), Henry, 'Martin (dec.), Mavis, Archie (dec.),Flora, Bert (A.I.F.), the devoted
foster-father of Ron (A.I.F.), Harold (A.I.F.), age 60 years on the 14th April.(P.4,Sunshine Advocate, 13-4-1945.)

("Dr McCarthy, Footscray" search on trove.)
Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 29 July 1916 p 3 Article Illustrated.
SOCIAL AND PERSONAL DEATH OF DR. McCARTHY.
Footscray and district lost one the worthiest of its citizens, this week when Dr. Chas. L. McCarthy passed away at his residence, Paisley street, Footscray,etc.

A trove search for "Dr McCarthy, Keilor" and "Dr McCarthy, James McIntyre", which produced no real results, indicates that John Dempster drowned at the ford between Rhonda and Errol St rather than the one at North Rd.
(It may also have been Clancy's ford.)


Messrs. Dodd and Derham, members of the Braybrook Road District, as a deputation from that board, requested the co-operation of the Keilor Board in erecting a bridge over the Saltwater River, at Solomon's Ford, on the
boundary line between both districts. The cost was estimated at ?170. After some discussion on tho matter, its further consideration was postponed until tho 9th prox.(P.5, Argus, 29-1-1867.) Cr Dodd of Keilor Shire chaired the meeting. The Cr Dodd of Braybrook was certainly a member of the same family and was probably farming land near Ballarat Rd in the parish of Maribyrnong granted to Mary Delahey.

A bridge eh! If it was built, some relics of timber piles might be found,proving which of the three fords was being called Solomon's ford in 1867.

I just noticed a photo at the right of the newspaper result:1976, English, Photograph edition:
Solomon's Ford, end of Canning St, Avondale Heights [picture].Collins, John T., 1907-2001, (photographer.)
Solomon's Ford, end of Canning St, Avondale Heights. It shows a surface on the top of the rocks at Clancy's ford that appears to be concrete. It clearly shows the zig-zag ramp (like the one at Bertram's ford, Arundel Rd.)

INTERLUDE.
As I was ready to resume but trove wasn't, I had a sudden thought; what does Braybrook mean? The meaning of Bray seems to have no connection with the naming of the locality and then I thought of Robbie Burns' song about the banks and braes of Bonnie Doon. Brae means "a hill, especially along a river". The river, being tidal, would be little more than a brook at low tide during the drier weather.

Three squatters who probably used the original ford at Braybrook were all Scottish; George Russell and his brother,Phillip born at Fife , Niel Black in Argyleshire and John Aitken also being a Scot. One of these three, or a fellow Scot, may have coined the name.

ANOTHER NON-TROVE SOURCE.
[PDF]
50 Creek.95 In 1839 James Patrick Main, who was transporting ...
mvcc.vic.gov.au/.../MVCC%20TEH%20FINAL%202012%20%20with%...‎(i.e. Moonee Valley Thematic Environmental History.)
PAGE 80.
Establishing Victoria?s dairy industry
While the Moonee Valley area was not a well-known dairying district, in the nineteenth century many farmers would have kept at least a small herd for milking. An early dairy farm in the Moonee Valley area was located at what is now Avondale Heights in 1871. The ?First Class Agricultural and Dairy Farm? of 282 acres was located near Solomon?s Ford, with a frontage to the Saltwater River.216
(216 Heritage Alliance, City of Moonee Valley Gap Heritage Study Vol. 1, p. 21 .)

This dairy farm (1871)had to be near Avondale Heights and Solomon's Ford and have a river frontage. Even without looking, I knew where it was! It was crown allotment C of section 9, parish of Doutta Galla,consisting of 281 acres 3 roods 0 perches (281.75 acres.) This was bounded by North Road and the ramp leading down to Solomon's Ford, a northern boundary indicated by the east-west part of Thackeray Quadrant,Riverview Street and a continuation north to include Weyburn Place houses, and on the south by Medfield Avenue and a continuation west (just north of Clarendon Street)to the river, forming the southern boundary of the present Thompson St. Reserve. This dairy farm adjoined North Braybrook Township!

([Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla - National Library of ...
nla.gov.au/nla.map-rm2741-90‎
Victoria. Dept. of Crown Lands and Survey. [Parish maps of Victoria]. Parish of Doutta Galla [cartographic material] 1860 - 1880. MAP RM 2741/90.)


The vendor of this dairy farm,(whose location and acreage fulfil all the requirements noted above)like George Dodd's family would have known exactly where Solomon's Ford was. Even if it was not the original ford, the North Rd ford was certainly known (by those who knew, not reporters) as Solomon's Ford by 1871. Crs Dodd (of Braybrook and Keilor Shires) and their colleagues were discussing building a bridge here in 1867 (see above.)


N.B. The vendor of the dairy farm, Crs. Dodd and the surveyors (Braybrook Township 1855 and Cut Cut Paw parish
1884)are united in agreement about the site of Solomon's ford,that is, the west end of North St.

I still can't access trove, but will try to find the advertisement* later. Crown allotment 9B of 222 acres, between the dairy farm and Buckley St was granted to,and partitioned by, Davis, Robinson and O'Neil who are discussed in my journal 1888 GEOGRAPHY WITH THE MELBOURNE HUNT.

I stated previously that surveyors made few mistakes but the chap who drew the above Doutta Galla map was guilty of one (John Hall's "Southwaite") and I've discovered another on the same map. He shows Maribyrnong west of Doutta Galla near the North St ford, but seems to be unaware that Cut Cut Paw separates the parish of Maribynong from the river at the line of McIntyre Rd (extended north to the river.) This is where Bruce Rd ran north to link with North Rd via Solomon's ford.

*PRELIMINARY NOTICE.
For Absolute Sale at on Early Day.
FIRST-CLASS AGRICULTURAL and DAIRY FARM.
282 Acres, Parish of Doutta Galla,
Nine Miles from Melbourne, Large Frontage to Saltwater River. To New Arrivals, Agriculturists, Investors of Capital,and Others.
GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. have received instructions from the proprietor to SELL by AUCTION, at their rooms, 40 Collins-street west, on an early day, unless previously disposed of privately, A capital agricultural and dairy farm of about 282 acres of excellent land, in the parish of Doutta Galla, having a large frontage to the
Saltwater River, and distant only nine miles from Melbourne.
The Improvements consist of comfortable bluestone cottage, &c, two enclosed cultivation paddocks.
The farm adjoins the properties of Messrs. Dodds and Delahay#. (P.2, Argus, 22-3-1871.)

#The intermarried Dodd and Delahey families received the grants for all of Brimbank Park south of the entrance or transmission towers as well as much of 11A, between there and North Pole Rd. Young John Dodd later owned the northern part (Keilor Binn Farm)which his wife (nee Goudie)insisted should be called "Brimbank".

CAN YOU SEE WHY THERE IS SUCH CONFUSION ABOUT THE LOCATION OF SOLOMON'S FORD? THE ADVERTISEMENT DOES NOT MENTION SOLOMON'S FORD AND IT WAS PURE LUCK THAT THE FORD WAS ON THE FARM'S RIVER FRONTAGE. SEE WHAT THE HERITAGE STUDY STATED. The ?First Class Agricultural and Dairy Farm? of 282 acres was located near Solomon?s Ford, with a frontage to the Saltwater River.

3 comment(s), latest 4 years, 3 months ago

SOMETHING FISHY ABOUT THE HUTCHINS FAMILY OF MORNINGTON, VIC., AUST.

The Royalauto for October, 2013 has an article on page 8 called THE FISH SHED in its feature CURIOUSLY VICTORIAN.
It states that five generations of Hutchins have fished Port Phillip at Mornington since 1860. It's a fair bet that George Hutchins and his wife Harriet were members of the first generation.

IN the SUPREME COURT of the COLONY of VICTORIA: In Its Probate Jurisdiction.-In the Estate of GEORGE HUTCHINS, late of Osborne, in the County of Mornington, in the Colony of Victoria, Fisherman, Deceased, Intestate.-Notice is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof application will be made to the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, in its Probate Jurisdiction, that LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION of the estate of the above-named George Hutchins, deceased, be granted to Harriett Hutchins, of Mornington, in the said colony, the widow of the said deceased.
Dated this 25th day of April, A.D. 1878. WISEWOULD and GIBBS, 61 William-street, Melbourne, proctors for the said Harriett Hutchins. (P.3,Argus, 26-4-1878.)

The Royalauto article has a photo of the shed and Neville Hutchins,61,who with his brother,Dalton,59, still sells their catch from the shed. Their original shop at Fisherman's Beach was obliterated by storms,just one of several setbacks the family faced. The brothers still use an old technique used by such as the Watsons of Portsea and Sorrento, but with a modern advantage. Neville tracks shoals of fish from the headland,directing Dalton's run of nets by walkie-talkie.

It's now some years since I read LIME LAND LEISURE, and ,although I made no note of it, I seem to remember that there was a connection between the Hutchins of Sorrento and Mornington. It is interesting that two fishing families were thanked for their support for the Hutchins of Sorrento. The Watsons were fishing at Portsea by 1862 and Erland Erlandsen commenced fishing near Sorrento after (jumping ship?) in 1879.

WATSON.-Mrs. WATSON, sen., and Family, Sorrento, wish to convey their sincere THANKS to many kind friends for letter, cards,and personal expressions of sympathy during their recent sad loss of son and brother, especially thanking Hutchins Bros, and Mr. Erlandsen and sons. (P.1, Argus, 8-1-1923.)

The Sawyer family was not known to be involved in fishing but the well known fishing families of Prosser and Hutchins were related to it by marriage. Isaac Sawyer married Sarah,the daughter of Henry Prosser, one of the founders of the Frankston Fish Company, and after Isaac's death she remarried to Amis Renouf,a director of the same company.

RENOUF.-On the 15th July, at her daughter's residence, Dromana, Sarah, widow of the late Amice Renouf, Frankston, and dearly beloved mother of Mrs Jonah Griffith (Dromana), Mrs.John Hopcroft (Caulfield), Mrs. I. Sawyer(Neerim South), Mr. H. Sawyer ("Sylvan," Neerim Junction, Gippsland), Mr. J. Sawyer(Moorooduc), Mr. F. Sawyer (Bittern); grand-mother of Mr. Alex Henry and his sister, Mrs.W. Martin (Mt. Eliza), aged 93 years. A colonist of 68 years. (P.13, Argus, 29-7-1916.) See my journal RENOUF ON THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.

Thus, Sarah Renouf, mother of Fred Sawyer, was the grandmother of John Hutchins' bride, Caroline Sawyer.

Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 16 September 1911 p 2 Family Notices Marriage. HUTCHINS-SAWYER.-At St. James' Church, West Melbourne, on the 25th August, by the Ven. Archdecon Hindley, John Hutchins, Mornington, to Caroline third eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs F. Sawyer, " Glenfield," Bittern.

MOSER/ROGERS/MUNDAY MEMORIES OF ROSEBUD, VIC., AUST.

3 comment(s), latest 4 years, 4 months ago

MELBOURNE BRINDLE, FERRIER, LACCO AND McLEAR SAVE ERNIE RUDDUCK'S LIFE, DROMANA, VIC., AUST.

It's not often that I base a new journal on just one incident. There are six people mentioned in this story, an Australia-wide hero in 1905, a renowned wooden boat builder, an un-named Greek fisherman, the son of a circa 1871 Dromana pioneer, a boy who saved a life shortly before leaving for America (1918) and achieving fame and the son of one of the PIONEERING NEIGHBOURS NEAR CARRIGG ST,DROMANA.

The funny thing is that I would never have found this story if I had not been contacted by Shah about her ancestors who arrived in Rosebud in about 1938. Her father had not known Bill Chatfield of Rosebud West to be a fisherman and I told her that Bill's fishing operation was taken over by a Swede,but like Vin Burnham in his memoirs of life in early Rosebud,I couldn't remember his name. (I just remembered that it was Axel Vincent!)

In the hope of finding it,I did a search for "Rosebud, fisherman" on trove.

DRIFTING TOWARDS HEADS

MOTOR BOAT IN DIFFICULTIES.
DROMANA, Saturday.
A strong easterly wind, a choppy sea, A motor engine in need of repair, and a lucky escape were the chief features of an unpleasant experience which befell Mr Ernest Rudduck, a well-known grocer of Dromana, on the Bay last evening. Intending to have the engine repaired at Rosebud Mr Rudduck arranged with an elderly Greek fisherman to tow the boat, but he started from the Dromana pier alone shortly before 6 p.m., presumably
through a misunderstanding. The Greek failed to overtake the boat, and as the wind increased in force, Mr Rudduck was soon in difficulties. A return to Dromana was impossible, and to continue to drift meant increasing the danger of his already perilous position.

Observing Mr Rudduck's plight from the pier, Ewart Brindle, a lad of about 12, rode to Rosebud on a bicycle to seek assistance. A few minute after his arrival William Ferrier and Mitchell Lacco, well-known fishermen, John McLear, grocer, and Brindle were facing the gale in a fishing boat, and being drenched to the skin as the waves dashed over the vessel.

When the motor boat was reached it was drifting rapidly in the direction ofthe Heads, and had the rescue been delayed the incident might have been attended by still more unpleasant effects. The fishing boat, however, towed it safely to the Rosebud jetty, where the little group of watchers congratulated Mr Rudduck on his escape, and warmly commended the rescuers on their skilful handling of the boat in the trying circumstances.

Ferrier and Lacco are noted for their fearlessness at sea. Some years ago when the barque La Bella was wrecked offWarrnambool, and when all others considered it suicidal to attempt a rescue, Ferrier rowed to the scene of the disaster in a dinghy saving three of those on board. For his courage the citizens presented him with a purse of sovereigns.
(P.4,The Ballarat Courier, 24-1-1916.)

THE CHARACTERS.
MELBOURNE BRINDLE.
Ewart Brindle was more likely on the pier to sketch vessels sailing past rather than fishing. It hardly seems to have been a day for fishing. Twenty or so years after leaving Dromana,he produced a fabulous map of Dromana that is a history on its own. This map is available from the Dromana Historical Society. With such fabulous recall,his omission of his heroic deed from his recollections of his days as a schoolboy at Dromana, must have been due to modesty. See my journal THE FAMED MELBOURNE BRINDLE.

FREDERICK VINE (VEAN)THE UN-NAMED GREEK FISHERMAN.
Much information about Fred and his stepdaughter Mary B.Stone (a.k.a. Polly Vine)is given in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. Fred was one of the original grantees in the Rosebud Fishing Village but was associated with Dromana from early days,Vine being one of the original names on the Dromana State School roll in 1873,the Rosebud school opening a decade later. Fred later lived in a hut on the Dromana foreshore,roughly opposite Seacombe St. How would I know this? Melbourne Brindle's map,of course! There is a photo of Mary in Peter's book and one of Fred on page 73 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

ERNIE RUDDUCK.
Son of Nelson and Jane Sophia Rudduck, Ernie expanded the family business to Rosebud and when the shop was burnt in a bushfire, he soon replaced it. He leased the shop to Rosebud residents. Nelson was the grantee of two Rosebud Fishing Village blocks and donated one of them for the Methodist Church. Three reminders of the Rudduck family in Dromana are the beautiful two-storey Piawola, on the highway just east of Arthur St, Karadoc St on "Karadoc" (as is also the vacant paddock donated by the family for the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital) and Ruddock Square on the foreshorejust east of the Pier.

WILLIAM FERRIER.
See my journal WILLIAM FERRIER: AUSTRALIA-WIDE HERO IN 1905. William sailed out to the wreck with his disabled arm strapped to the mast. Despite this error,the article does credit to the journalist.

MITCH LACCO.
I've written a journal about the Laccos. Fort Lacco married a King girl whose sister married a Greek fisherman who probably died after their son, Tony, was born. His mother, Emily, later became Mrs Durham and Tony adopted this surname. Emily later owned Fort's Rosebud Fishing Village block on the east side of Durham Place. Tony's grand daughter was Judith Mavis Cock,better known as Judith Durham of The Seekers. The Laccos are revered as builders of wooden boats and the Rosebud Chamber of Commerce has installed a wooden statue of Mitch Lacco on the Murray-Anderson Rd corner, just across that road from thesite of his boat building premises. Mitchell St may have been named after Mitch.

JOHN MCLEAR.
John McLear married Janet Cairns of Boneo and settled just east of the Dromana Hotel. With Harry Copp and Dohn Griffith,he was one of Dromana's professional fishermen. As he was about 70 at the time of this incident,and died in 1918,it was more likely his son, John (Nip), aged 32, who took part in the rescue. I quote from page 104 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

John (Nip) lived out his life at his father's home.He was Ern Rudduck's right-hand man in the (Dromana) Jetty Store for forty years or more and roved to him in the local football team.... In earlier days he had fished with his father. At one stage he drove Rudduck's grocery cart around the mountain bringing supplies to customers.

As Ernie Rudduck's wife's family seems to have arrived in Dromana not long before W.W.1, the four heroes probably also ensured the lives of Ernie's three children: Rene (Mrs King)who died at Mt Martha in 1988, Grenfell, a very prominent architect honoured by a plaque near Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, and Jack, who starred in sport and academics at Wesley College and was the school captain before becoming a pioneer of the great Australian outback. Jack was killed in 1956 while accompanying his sick youngest daughter on a Flying Doctor plane; it crashed in a violent storm and all aboard were killed.(A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.)

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WILLIAM BAYNE,PIONEER OF RED HILL SOUTH AND SHOREHAM.

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THE ORIGINAL NAME OF SEAFORD, NEAR FRANKSTON, VIC., AUST.

Mornington News 10-9-2013. "100 YEARS AGO THIS WEEK."
A meeting of the Beachdale Progress Association was held at Latimer's store etc.

Where the hell was Beachdale? Beachdale was the original name of Seaford!

Moved by Mr Hall, and seconded by Mr Erwin, " that the name of the
Association be changed from Beachdale to Seaford, which is the name of the new station." Carried.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 8-11-1913.)

How long had residents called the area "Beachdale" and who were they? This was the article reproduced in the Mornington News,which would have been useless for family historians researching Seaford pioneers unless they knew the area's original name.

Beachdale Progress Association.
A meeting of the above association was held at Mrs Latimer's store on the 6th inst, when there was a large
attendance of members, and the following business was transacted:
Mr Martin moved that the secretary (Mr Wilson) interview Cr Ritchie, and point out that the Government reserve between the railway line and Kananook Creek may be suitable for an approach to the new railway station, from Martin's road, instead of a road to the east of the line; also to urge the opening up at once of the entrance to the station from Broughton's road. Mr McInnis seconded the motion, which was carried.
Mr Hall moved that the Hon. A. Downward. M.L A., be asked to assist in securing a school for the district. Mr McInnis seconded the motion, which was carried.

Mr Klauer moved, and Mr Martin seconded, that the secretary write to the secretary of the Carrum Downs Progress Association, requesting a delegate to attend next meeting, to confer to Abbott's road, which is a new outlet to the new station.Carried.

Mr Klauer moved, and Mr Roche seconded, that the secretary write to the proper authorities, and ask that a
quantity of scrub cut and stacked on the Government reserve, between the creek and railway line, near the new
station, be removed, as it is a harbour for fires.-Carried. Mr Wilson drew attention to what he considered a criminal neglect on the part of the authorities in allowing such a quantity of dry wood and rubbish to gather on the foreshore, between Frankston and Carrum. Should a fire start through some careless person there would be no possible chance of saving the whole of the reserve. Houses are now being erected on the opposite side of the road to the reserve, and the owners are in constant dread for fear of a fire starting in the reserve and sweeping all before it. Other members spoke, supporting Mr Wilson's contention.
Mr Wilson then moved that the Frankston Council be urged to form a deputation and wait on the proper authorities, with the view of having what is now a wilderness transformed into a beautiful seaside park of Mel-
bourne, of which thousands of city people would gladly take advantage of during the summer months. Mr M'Innes seconded the motion, which was carried.
(P.3,Mornington Standard, 13-9-1913.)

Beachdale Progress Association.
On the 2nd inst the Beachdale Progress Association again met at Mrs Latimer's store. The President, Mr.H. Broughton, occupied the chair. Mr Martin moved that the secretary write to the Frankston council and ask that their officers pay a visit of inspection to roads leading to the new station between Carrum and Frankston.-Mr McInnis seconded the motion, which was carried. The President (Mr Broughton) moved that the Railway Commissioners be asked to erect a milk dock at the new station.--Mr Martin seconded the motion, which was carried. Mr Wilson (secretary) moved that a letter of thanks from the association be forwarded to the-Hon. A. Downward, M.LA., for the great amount of work and trouble he had to secure the erection of the new station between Frankston and Carrum.-Mr McInnes seconded the motion, which was carried. Mr Wilson (secretary) moved that the Frankston Council be written to with the view of urging the Government to clear all dead timber and
rubbish from the Government Reserve, which extends along the beach between Carrum and Frankston, and thereby make it a beautiful seaside park, which would be visited by thousands from the city every summer. Also to have notices posted cautioning persons from lighting fires. The cost of clearing the dead timber would be paid for by selling the timber gathered for firewood. Also, it would give employment to numbers of persons.-Mr Klauer seconded the motion, which was carried. Mr Martin moved that the Education Department be again written to,
with the view of obtaining land for a school -Mrs Latimer seconded the motion, which was carried.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 9-8-1913.)

No wonder the progress association was willing to change its name. Beachdale was not a traditional name for the area and was only used for about two months. It would seem that the council was allowed to choose the name of the new council and decided on the one which recalled Assistant Aboriginal Protector, William Thomas, wading waist deep across the Kannanook Creek, at the north end of Long Island, in 1839 on the way to his protectorate at Kangerong.

BEACHDALE PROGRESS ASSOCIATION.
TO THE EDITOR.
Sir,-As secretary of our newly formed Beachdale Progress Association between Frankston and Carrum I have been instructed to furnish you with a few particulars. The new railway station between Frankston and Carrum will be completed in about 6 weeks. It will be the means of opening up without exception the finest beach in the Commonwealth. The public during the summer months will find the benefit of 2 miles of beautiful shelter, the ti-tree being all Government reserve. No such advantages are to be had at other watering places. Therefore, this new station should be one of the busiest on this seaside line. I might state that a name has not yet been selected for the new station, but several names are at present being considered by the Frankston council.

A very large gathering of residents met on the 11th last at Mr Latimer's store and a progress association was quietly formed, Mr Harry Broughton being elected first President and Mr W. Wilson secretary and treasurer. The name of Beachdale was selected as the name of the progress association,pending the naming of the station. Business was gone into and the Education Department is to be urged to open a school. Aspendale, Chelsea and Carrum Progress Associations have done a great deal for those parts, and before very long our Beachdale Association should be one of power.
Yours, etc., W. WILSON, Secretary of Progress Association.

(P.2, Mornington Standard, 19-7-1913.)

The Seaford Post Office opened on 6 March 1914.[3] (Wikipedia.)

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