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No genealogy will be found in this journal. I could not add one detail to that provided by Neil Mansfield in his extraordinary "The David Mansfield Story". See Neil's website.
Much biological information is also provided in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and Its Metropolis: Past and Present", in the West Bourke section if my memory serves me correctly, but there is an index at the end. Many libraries will have this work. My intention is to give detail of the various Mansfield properties and tell some of the anecdotes supplied to me by the late Wally Mansfield which inspired poems such as "Death at Bertram's Ford", The Wisdom of Solomon", "The Studebaker" and "Ritchie's Foe."

Wally's anecdote about two Mansfield brothers taking a dispute about boundaries to court and the judge instructing them to shake hands, share a beer and be friends, the subject of the second poem, has been confirmed by a discovery I made today. Everyone would be aware of the judge's name: A'Beckett. The fact that he refused to consider an affidavit about the two brothers discussing the case with a juror indicates that he knew exactly what that discussion was about. The fine imposed, a trifling shilling, shows that the jury was well aware that the brothers had shaken hands, shared a beer and become friends. See column 4 of page 5 of The Argus of 20-11-1890 to find out the brothers' names.
As Joseph Dubois has just returned my material, I can reproduce the poem inspired by this court case.
The Mansfields' dividing fence
Provoked ill-feeling quite immmense .

John and David took the case to court;
A legal solution the two men sought.
With unclear surveys the judge couldn't decide,
So he called the wrangling brothers aside.

"The law can give no answer I fear,
So go, shake hands and share a beer!"
This stern advice removed their hates,
And from that day on, they were the best of mates.

The Studebaker is about the bachelor McNab brothers buying a car, and with a hint of "Mulga Bill's Bicycle", Wally Mansfield learning to drive the beast, which had the gear lever on the right hand running board. They were driven to Ascot Vale each day of the show but as soon as it concluded, Wally would put it up on blocks and cover it. The brothers would pick up a churn from Hogan's dairy at Queen St (Melway 28 E1) on horseback rather than use the horseless carriage! "Ritchie's Foe" is on Neil's website. The Studebaker poem will be included in the McNAB and GRANT journal.

Mansfields Rd at Melway 4 E3 bisected the Mansfield property; land on both sides of the road had been bought by John Pascoe Fawkner on behalf of his Co-operative and divided into 80 blocks, most of which passed into the ownership of the Mansfield family. Some of the early purchasers of interest were Donald Gray, William Trotman, William Spiers, D.Hill and of course, Samuel, John and Isaac Mansfield. (All of these details come from my 1999 Melway on which I transposed the subdivision lots.)

William Trotman's family became prominent Greenvale pioneers, Peter Spiers, by 1900, had (100 acres?) further east(5 C7), later occupied by Vaughan, and from 1927 by Bill Ellis until it was acquired for the airport.J.Spiers may have had this property in 1868. but I cannot be certain. Charles Nash was another purchaser. His lots 32 and 31 were, in 1999, the Broadacres Kennels and Cattery. Olive Nash, the widow of Harry Nash, told me that they used this paddock to spell their dry cows.

Somehow, I manage to delete the details about the blocks bought by Donald Gray and the other purchasers of interest named above, so here goes again. There were big blocks stretching from Mansfields Rd to Bassett Rd. I had earlier stated that these blocks were of 15 acres but I now believe that they were 20 acres; Charles Nash had two smaller blocks and he definitely had 20 acres in all Bulla Rate records transcribed.

repeat information gray's hill etc

I must mention two notes that I have made on map 3 of my 1999 Melway, obviously during one of the lengthy discussions st Keith McNab's kitchen table.

The first concerns a half sized block fronting McNabs Rd between Bassett Rd and the bottom of Melway 4G5, lot 63 bought by John Mansfield. A small square in the north west corner of this block is etched and nearby, in the nearest blank space, I have written, "The Pines, fire 1912, well." Soon after, John had leased 205 acres to Alf Wright (Bulla rates 1914-15) and moved onto Grandview (Broadmeadows rates-1920?)which was part of Edmund Dunn's old Viewpoint, so the etched square probably does represent a homestead on "The Pines". I CANNOT FIND A REFERENCE TO THE FIRE IN TROVE BUT I THINK I CAN REMEMBER AN ENTRY IN SAM MERRIFIELD'S "ANNALS OF ESSENDON".

The second bit of scribble is Farnes' Corner at the corner of McNabs Rd and Mansfields Rd. Charles Farnes was a Bulla ratepayer and I believe that he would have had the property, adjoining Gowrie Park, later occupied by J.D.McFarlane, Keilor and Arundel Closer Settlement pioneer and councillor (to whom the gates at the Keilor sports ground were dedicated), and Butler, from whom it was purchased for the airport if I remember the map correctly.

As detailed in Neil's book, David inherited Isaac's property. His house "Roseleigh" still stands on the south side of Mansfields Rd.During the late 1880's a railway to Bulla was proposed. The two suggested routes were along the east bank of the Maribyrnong River and along Bulla Rd. The Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company bought much land along the first route and G.W.Taylor, a Prahran councillor,Tommy Bent and Marks Herman bought much land along Bulla Rd. By bought, I mean they paid a deposit and made progress payments. By 1892, these speculators would have handed over a considerable amount of money. Of course they had borrowed to make these payments. Then the boom burst. Banks closed. The Government was broke and a decade or more of cost-cutting measures started; as late as 1905 there were moves to close the Rye school and make its pupils walk to Rosebud. In such a climate, Tommy Bent's grand plans to extend the railway network were shelved; luckily for his mate Henry Gomm, the Somerville Station (inexplicably located right next to his "Glenhoya") was already operating.

Strangely the railway plans were revived after the Great War. Tullamarine and Keilor squabbled about
the route to Bulla and the 1919-20 Flinders Shire rates show that there was a Railway Estate at Dromana. And once again the plans were halted by a depression, that of the 1930's.This is the sort of thing that Michael Cannon's "Boom and Bust" is about. I think he discusses G.W.Taylor at some length.

However, back to the 1890's. Naturally, the speculators could not complete their payments so the farmers pocketed the money that had been paid as well as regaining their properties. David Mansfield and the Crottys of
"Broomfield used their windfalls to build new houses, the former almost on the course of the western end of the runway, and the Crottys on the Honda site in Sharps Rd, Tullamarine. David called his new house Glen Alice.After David's death, one son was given Roseleigh and the other Glenalice. The boundary between them was a little north of Mansfields Rd.

The Mansfields were related by marriage to a great number of pioneering families in Bulla, Tullamarine and Greenvale. David Mansfield's wife was a member of the Faithfull family, pioneers of Tullamarine Island. They will be discussed in my journal about TULLAMARINE ISLAND.Just to give you some idea of the connections, I will list some of the names mentioned in Neil's book: JOHNSON, MUSGROVE, WRIGHT, BETHELL, FAITHFULL, PARR, McRAE, TENNIEL, MILLAR and TROTMAN. The Johnsons, Greenvale pioneers, were associated with Glendewar, Cumberland (photo of the beautiful homestead in the book)and Spring Park in Keilor Rd. According to Bob Blackwell, James Musgrove was a famed implements manufacturer who was also a pioneer of photography and set up his own telephone; he insisted on being called James, not Jim. The Wrights, Parrs and Nash families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church. Willam Bethell ran the bluestone store at Bulla and his brother was a storekeeper at Broadmeadows (Westmeadows.) Farquhar McRae, in charge of the hunters at Glenara, organised the first event of the Oaklands Hunt Club in 1888. The Millars took over John McKerchar's Greenvale" and renamed it "The Elms". Family members also moved to Tullamarine in the early 1900's, occupying the Junction Hotel (711 site in 2011) and Maggie Millar married Ray Loft, son of Tom who also came from Greenvale. When Ray subdivided "Broombank" in 1952, he called its drive from Bulla Rd Millar Rd. Maggie came to the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, organised by myself and Winnie Lewis (nee Parr). James Tenniel ran the Beech Tree Hotel. See the "Hotels near Tullamarine" journal.
The Mansfields shared two things at least with the great man, and their neighbour, Alister Clark. Firstly the Box Forest on the airport. Secondly Armistace Day. On that happy day, Wally Mansfield and a couple of other youngsters walked around Tullamarine banging pots and pans to announce the glad tidings. When they reached "Glenara", Alister, regarded almost as Royalty by most Tullamarine residents (such as Lily Green who said that the highlight of her time at the former Junction Hotel was serving Alister at the pump and shop) , invited the boys into the ballroom for lemonade and biscuits.

Being open woodland, reasonably flat,largely devoid of the rocks that made the parish of Maribyrnong unsuitable for agriculture (William Taylor, James Robertson of Upper Keilor and Big Clarke who owned much of it, were graziers) and with just the right rainfall, Tullamarine was ideal for production of yesteryear's petrol, hay.
Wheat had been tried in the 1850's and a flour mill was even built on "Lochton" (Melway 176 C4) in 1856 by Bain, but wheat growing was not successful. Hay growing was not the only farming activity by any means. On "Arundel", Edward Wilson had his model farm and later Robert McDougall was a foremost Shorthorn breeder, the Grants and McNabs were the original Ayrshire breeders, with Tasmania's herds stocked from their studs and later, to a lesser extent, those of Buchanan from Berwick. The Mansfields and John Cock bred Clydesdales (yesteryear's tractors!)The Crottys were dairy farmers for almost 100 years. Some portions of farms were of course used for grazing, supplying milk, cheese, cream, fruit and vegetables for the table and so on but the chief source of income was hay. During Michael Reddan's three year stint on James Sharp's "Hillside" (later Joe Thomas's Carinya Park and the home of the Tullamarine Pony Club), the sheaves of hay were so thick on the ground that it was almost impossible to walk between them.

By the end of the 1930's, the common people were able to own cars and the market for hay virtually disappeared. Pig farming became more common. Harry Heaps'parents had started this trend in 1923 on Sunnyside, Wallis Wright's old property on the west side of Wright St near the Moonee Ponds Creek and, from 1927, Bill Ellis engaged in porky production on "Ecclesfield" on the south west corner of Bulla Rd and Grants Lane (part of which has been renamed Melrose Drive.) By the end of the war, they had been joined by other pig farmers such as Lacey (west of Harry Nash's Bayview) and the Paynes on "Scone" (with a long o as in the sacred coronation site in Scotland)which now houses the Melbourne Airport terminal buildings.

Thus it was that the Mansfields left Tullamarine in the 1940's.
I was told of the incident in the following poem by Wally Mansfield, but also, and quite independently, by Gordon Connor and Colin Williams, the latter present at S.S.2613 on the Conders Lane (Link Rd) corner the next morning when Miss Rowe informed him and the other pupils about the tragedy.
They were leading a horse that they'd sold to McRae
Who lived near St Albans, over Keilor way;
Will Mansfield was driving, his son sitting near;
Stephen Hill,leading the horse, sat in the rear.

Will Mansfield and Stephen were mates at the school,
Spent their free time together as a general rule,
So Will's dad let him come on the trip o'er the river;
But his wife wasn't happy and spoke with a quiver.

With a look at the sky and the storm clouds that loomed
She pleaded, "Bill, don't go now or you'll all be doomed!"
But he reassured her as they clambered on board,
"I've been through deeper water than you get at Bertram's Ford."

Halfway there the sun vanished- came a curious silence-
Then the sky opened up with murderous violence;
The clouds, basalt black,turned day into night
As the three reached Arundel and turned to the right.

"Young Hilly, don't wind that rein round your arm;"
His friend's father said, "'twill bring you to harm!"
Then they ceased their descent, to the right they curved;
The roar of river the horses un-nerved.

But Bill urged them on and into the current;
Soon a horse lost its footing, so swift was the torrent
And the jinker was swept like a leaf in a gale;
Mansfield grabbed for his son who had started to wail.

By lightning above, the ghoulish scene shown,
The three from the overturned jinker were thrown.
Sounds of whinnies and screaming and, "Where are you son?"
And the Grim Reaper's harvest had already begun.

While the Mansfield lad to the murky depths sank
The towed horse's reins reins dragged his mate to the bank.
The father, now desperate, with a weakening yelp
Gasped, "Stevie, please Stevie, go and get help!"

At first, due to shock, comprehension he lacked
But his friend's father's plea soon made him react;
He mounted and thundered away up the slope,
And Bill dived again; he'd ne'er give up hope.

With the last of his strength, Mansfield surfaced again:
That would have been it- for lesser men.
But for Bill Mansfield, that would not suffice;
His son was worth any sacrifice.

By the time that help came it was far too late;
The son and the father had shared the same fate.
Miss Rowe and her pupils on the morrow
Would share the grieving widow's sorrow.

Note: the father's name was given to me by two informants as John, and while he may have been known by his second name, I have substituted Bill to conform with the name used in newspaper reports of the inquest. The brother's names have also been changed in "The Wisdom of Solomon" for the same reason. My apologies to the writers of "The Night Before Christmas" and "The Ballad of The Drover" for the leaf in a gale and never give up references.



This journal was prompted by my attempt to establish that Charles John Beaman who married Elizabeth Neil Knox was the only son of Richard Beaman and the widow of David William O'Nial who was born at the Lady of the Lake Hotel in Tullamarine on 23-5-1855 (The Argus 26-5-1855 page 4, accessed through TROVE.)
There is extensive information about the O'Nials and Beamans under the heading of the Lady of the Lake Hotel in my journal about hotels near Tullamarine. The purpose of this journal is to assist the person who posted details about Andrew John Beaman on pages.

This post stated that Andrew John was the son of Charles John Beaman and Elizabeth Knox. When I clicked on Charles John, the post stated that he was born on 23-5-1855 to Richard Beaman and Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald. It seems possible, even probably, that Fitzgerald was the maiden name of David William O'Nial's wife. Why this is so will be discussed later. The big, big mistake is the statement that Charles John Beaman was born in Mauritius. I can only imagine (if no human error was involved) that another Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald/Beaman had given birth in Mauritius to a child with exactly the same name on exactly the same date as the boy born at Tullamarine. As this scenario is a bit far fetched, Mauritius may have been mentioned during Ellen's voyage to Australia and has somehow been attached in relation to another event, as a result of human error.

Very few of our early pioneers arrived in Australia on their own, except for sailors who jumped ship before (such as many of the lime burners at the Heads) and during the gold rush. Many came with relatives or sent encouraging reports and money to bring them later. A typical example is Robert Cairns who settled at Boneo in 1852. His wife's parents came with him and pioneered the other side of the bay, at Drysdale which is named after them. Within a couple of years, his brothers, Alexander and David had joined him at Boneo.

John Pascoe Fawkner's mother's maiden name was Pascoe and Moreland City Council accepted my suggestion to name Hannah Pascoe Drive (Melway 16C3) after her. Hannah lived at her son's Belle Vue Park (renamed Oak Park by Glenroy flour mill owner, Hutchinson) and as there were Pascoes among the area's early pioneers, it is reasonable to assume that they were relatives of Hannah's.
The 1863 rate book of the Broadmeadows Road Board (the oldest available in 1988) showed that pioneers with the surnames of Foster and Fitzgerald had small holdings on the east side of what is now Melrose Drive, north of the Mickleham Rd corner. They were probably on one acre blocks on John Carre Riddell's Hamilton Terrace, bounded by the road to Bulla, Derby St and the closed Greenhill St (formerly officially Victoria St but known locally as Nash's Lane after Charles Nash of "Fairview".)It is reasonable to assume that they were poor relatives of William and John Foster brought out to work on their property of almost 2000 acres. If Ellen Theresa Fitzgerald was indeed the wife of David William O'Nial and then Richard Beaman, she was probably a distant cousin of the rich Fosters. William returned to the old country to inherit and later John Vasey Lesley Foster did the same, his name changed to JohnFitzgerald Leslie Foster in order to inherit.

2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


Today, Thursday, 1-12-2011, the huge pine trees were cut down at 858 Pt Nepean Rd, Rosebud. Who planted them is unclear, but it was possibly George Fountain, who at one time owned number 858 and 854. The pines were planted on both blocks and George, a plumber who was the last Mayor of the Borough of North Melbourne before it merged with the City of Melbourne, called his holiday residence "The Pines".
The house at number 858, possibly built by William John Ferrier (subject of another journal), the nationally famous hero of the La Bella tragedy at Warrnambool in 1905, was probably occupied by George until a newer house was built on number 854. Ferrier's block was then sold to the Archers, who were keen recreational fishermen.
I took a mobile phone photo of the two pines, from which most of the branches had been lopped. Hopefully MUZZA OF McCRAE took a photo of these two very old trees with their clothes on and will be able to post it with his other great photos of historical interest.


I was exploring trove when I discovered the source of a mistake in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary booklet of 1970. (The church, which stood directly opposite 274 Melrose Drive, has been demolished but its stained glass windows, which honour pioneering families, have been incorporated into the Uniting Church in Carrick Drive, Gladstone Park.) The mistake was made by Isaac Batey in his history of the Sunbury area; he called the Lady of the Lake Hotel, the "Lady of the Lady".
My intention is to give detail of the people who ran the hotels, but as I no longer have the copious notes from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records that I made over 20 years ago, I will have to call on TROVE for help. In the meantime, I can tell you the names and exact locations of the hotels between Essendon and Sunbury.

Before I start, I will tell you briefly about some of the hotels that existed along what is now known as Keilor Rd. The first was built by Tulip Wright, the early Chief Constable and Bulla pioneer from LINCOLNSHIRE. He had built the Bridge (later Deep Creek)Inn at Bulla in about 1843 but when the major route to the goldfield to Mt Alexander became the one through Keilor, he leased his first inn to (Caspar, or was it Donohue?) and built the Lincolnshire Arms at what was called the Essendon Crossroads (Deep Creek road, Mt Alexander (Keilor)Rd, Woodlands St and Lincoln road.)Lincoln Rd was the original name of Carnarvon Rd, the boundary between sections 15 and 16 Doutta Galla.
It appears that John Kernan had twice previously applied for a license at this site. A report on applications in The Argus of 16-4-1851 showed that his application for the Junction Inn was refused for the second year in a row. It was proposed to be located at the junction of the Mount Macedon and Keilor Roads. However the site applied for may have been that of Tullamarine's Junction Hotel. Even though Pascoe Vale Rd, Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were all referred to in early times as "Macedon road', I am reasonably certain that Mount Macedon road meant Bulla Rd. However, the present Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine (the boundary between E.E.Kenny's "Camp Hill" and William Foster's grant)led south to Keilor and was still called Keilor Lane (as was Fosters Rd, renamed Keilor Park Drive) in reports about the Oaklands Hunt. In those days the northern part of Broadmeadows Rd (Mickleham Rd as far as Fawkner St) may not have been made. Travellers to Sydney were advised to proceed along Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive) which was described in relation to the sale of Lake Farm in 1853 as "the great road to the diggings" and go to the right of the Lady of the Lake Hotel to reach Broadmeadows township. After they crossed the Moonee Ponds creek, they would climb the Ardlie St hill and continue towards Wallan on the route which is still called Old Sydney Rd north of Donnybrook Lane. As the present Broadmeadows Rd obviously did not continue to Broadmeadows township at the time the travelling advice was given, its only purpose would have been as a short cut to Keilor for those travelling south.
I HAVE JUSTIFIED WHY THE LOCATION OF JOHN KERNAN'S APPLICATION COULD ALSO HAVE BEEN AT TULLAMARINE JUNCTION. ANOTHER GLANCE AT MY PAGES OF SCRIBBLE, MAINLY ABOUT D.W.O'NIAL, REVEALED THAT IT MOST LIKELY WAS AT TULLAMARINE! An article on page 4 of The Argus of 21-4-1852 shows that the licence of the Lincolnshire Arms was transferred from Mr Wright to Edward Wilson. Mr Wright was, of course, Tulip Wright, and Edward Wilson may have been the Argus editor, leader of the acclimatisation movement and opponent of the squattocracy, who shortly after purchased Arundel and established a model farm (read "zoo") on it. As P.Donohue's application for a licence for Tulip's old Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed at the same hearing as Kernan's in 1851, one would presume that Tulip was at least building the Lincolnshire at that time.The proximity of another hotel to Kernan's proposed location would have been given as a reason for refusal, or at least mentioned, if Kernan's site was at Essendon Crossroads.
What luck for Tulip! He built the Lincolnshire Arms just before the gold rush started at the one place that was on the great road to the diggings before and after 1854.Before Brees' bridge was built at Keilor, the main route was through Bulla (passing The Linc.)and when the road to Mt Alexander was improved at Government expense by contractors such as Samuel Brees and (Martin?) Higgins, diggers still went right past his hotel en route to Keilor.His luck did not last; he died in 1855 after having built the Sir John Franklin Hotel at Sunbury, which became Caspar's.

John Kernan's family pioneered the Somerton area and John Kernan (perhaps the licence applicant) leased, and then bought the part of J.P.Fawkner's "Belle Vue Park" that had been sold to H.G.Ashurst (after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named.)John Kernan called this Merai Farm; it grew fine crops because of the nightsoil that was used as fertiliser! Merai Farm was bounded by Pascoe Vale, Devon and Northumberland Rds and Gaffney St. John later developed subdivisions in Strathmore and named a street there after his great mate Michael Loeman of "Glenloeman" on Tullamarine Island.

The next hotel on Keilor Rd was the one on the A.J.Davis Reserve mentioned in the history compiled by Garnet Price,Keilor's City Engineer, which had to be the Springfield Inn.. This inn was included in the sale when the grantee, William Nicholson sold Springfield to James Kavanagh. In 1852, James and his wife Mary were attendants at the wedding of Patrick Phelan and Ellen Connor who lived on the next farm east, Spring Park.Five years later, James and Mary were to lose their daughter, Mary Ann, whose funeral procession started from the Springfield Hotel (Argus 1-10-1857 page 8.)

The North Pole Inn was on the west corner of Milleara Rd, which was called North Pole Road from the time that William Cherry used Solomon's ford to get from Altona to Keilor until well into the 1900's, when Quinn and others were subdividing land once farmed by the Dodds/Delaheys and John Beale.In 1850, James Laverty, a business associate of Connor and Phelan, bought land between the present Webber Pde and Milleara Rd from the grantee, Joseph Hall, for a song. A year later he would have had to pay an opera because the gold rush had started! It was consistently said to be of 183 acres although the Doutta Galla parish map says it was 180 acres and 3 roods. Edward Fegan was running this hotel by 1858. Laverty tried to sell the hotel and the adjoining estate of Spring Vale in 1859. (Argus 22-6-1859.) On 3-2-1864, George and Elizabeth Arbuthnot took over the hotel's operation; In the same year, John Corcoran bought the hotel and land.It was probably John who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm. A later owner of this and the next crown allotment east was Michael Fox, who owned Barbiston at Tullamarine. Michael lived in a house at the corner of Milleara Rd until his death on 4-9-1918.

The Sir John Franklin Hotel was at the east side of the Collinson St corner. Crown Allotment 18A was granted to Grey and Wedge, and passed into the ownership of John Gemmell who sold the 133 acres to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw on 31-12-1853. The Bradshaws subdivided the land, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets after men o' war.Henry Eldridge bought the hotel site for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. In 1857, he lost a daughter, Eleanor. Her funeral was to proceed from Henry's Sir John Franklin Hotel to the new cemetery. Henry did not seem to be listed in the electoral role of 1856 but he's there all right, under the alias of Henry Heldridge!
The 1847 Port Phillip directory listed Henry Eldridge as a farmer on the Carlton (or Carleton) Estate, Plenty. Nobody seems to know where this estate was and the term Carlton Estate has not been seen in newspapers of that time.
This township, now known as Westmeadows, had three hotels. The BROADMEADOWS and the VICTORIA were operating in the 1850's, the former still on the same site but in its third building. It is so obvious that the first two buildinds, and the Victoria, were destroyed by fire that I won't bother telling you. (Sorry but sometimes my sick sense of humour gets the better of me.) The Victoria was a little bit further up Ardlie St.These two hotels did a roaring trade due to one of the routes to Sydney passing through the township and the hopefuls rushing to McIvor's Diggings at Heathcote. Henry Franklin, a baker, added the Franklin Hotel on the west corner of Fawkner and Bent Sts in the 1870's.Its bluestone was used to build the vestry at St Paul's C of E after it had burnt down but some remains under the ground near the present front fence. As plenty of detail is provided in Andrew Lemon's "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", I will not repeat it here, due to my policy of not regurgitating what has already been written, (as long as it is freely available.)
Andrew does not mention the later movements of William Chadwick of the Broadmeadows Hotel after whom I had Chadwick Lane (Melway 6 A5) named. He later built the Farmers' Arms at the south west Corner of Mt Alexander Rd (28 G5) which was later obviously run by Peter Pitches, after whom Pitches St would have been named. Later, he built the Farmers' Arms Hotel at, I think, Benalla.(When John Shorten sends me a copy of the 2 500 page Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around, I will be able to confirm this from the Chadwick entry.)

Further north at the south west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Rds, John LavArs built Lavars' Hotel which was quite a landmark, sometimes too hard to pass without stopping for some. Bob Blackwell' s grandfather, John Blackwell, of Blackwells Lane (177 E7)was working for Pigdon on Dunhelen (386 B 11)and returning from a delivery of hay to Melbourne thought he'd stop for a drink or ten. As he drove into the Dunhelen driveway, John Pigdon's steely glare could be sensed even in the dark as he snarled, "You're late!" Standing erect on the driver's seat, John Blackwell replied, "Nobody can say I'm drunk!" Pigdon laughed heartily at such effrontery and forgave the transgression. Lavers Place (6 A5) is another street on the Alanbrae subdivision of Keith Campbell's Willowbank to be named after a publican. Not trusting my spelling of the name, the developer unwisely consulted the rate records and came up with the wrong spelling.

TRAVELLERS' REST HOTEL. (Melway 16 A5.) Gordon Connor told me in 1989 that this hotel was "where the garage is." He was referring to the garage near Airport West Shoppingtown. Titles information shows that the hotel land was bounded by Dromana Ave, Louis St, Rodd Rd and the northern section of Matthews Ave (which was Deep Creek Rd.) Hotels in the country usually had stables and grazing for guests' horses; catering for travellers was the government's main reason for allowing them. Gordon was the son of a Moonee Ponds bootmaker and often passed the site, shortly after the hotel was burnt down in 1899, on his way to Grandma Nash's "Fairview" at Melway 5 F6. Jack Howse who owned the hotel, had a farm called "South Wait" between Cam Taylor's St John's (where nightsoil was dumped before it became St John's Field or Essendon Aerodrome) and Camp Hill (Gowanbrae.) Howse also had a slaughteryard. (Gordon Connor; George Lloyd's "Mickleham Road 1920-1952; Titles.)

JUNCTION HOTEL.(Melway 5 J10) This hotel was operating by 1868 and continued until the early 1920's when Tommy Loft of "Dalkeith" whose homestead (built by George Mansfield in 1910) was "only 100 yards away", on the north corner of Dalkeith Ave, led the push to have it closed. A stalwart of the aforementioned Methodist Church, Tommy never let liquor pass his lips but it was not the merchandise that led to his opposition. The hotel was the scene of frequent weekend brawls as carloads of louts from Melbourne descended on the sleepy hamlet to get "smashed". Cec and Lily Green took over the hotel as a garage and shop, giving that junction the well-known name of Greens Corner. A policeman visited the Greens later and showed them a bullet lodged in a door that had been fired in an attempt to arrest Squizzy Taylor at the hotel.Lily Green stated that her fondest memory of her time there was serving that great man, Alister Clark of Glenara.(Gordon Connor; Harry Heaps; Methodist Church Centenary 1970; trove; Broadmeadows Observer interview with Lily Green; A Green descendant re the bullet.)

THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Melway 5 H11.)This hotel was established by David William O'Nial. His wife's name was Ellen. David O'Nial died. Ellen O'Nial did not die! I suspected 23 years ago that Ellen O'Nial did not die when I was researching Broadmeadows rate records in relation to John Cock who leased a farm called "Broombank" from 1867 until 1882, when he started a lease on Donald Kennedy's "Dundonald Estate" between Broadmeadows Township and Gellibrand Hill.
He was followed on "Broombank" by the Williams family. One of the sons of that family, Colin Williams, was 99 when I first met him.Colin told me of the many coins found by his father while ploughing. Jack Hoctor (also 99) told me how his uncle Michael Hoctor (who lived in the old coach house on the Broad St corner at Westmeadows) was working on Broombank for John Cock, who suggested that Michael sleep in the barn and go home at weekends.After the first night, Michael, whose sleep had been much disturbed by mice, stated emphatically, with true Irish colour, "I'll not sleep here again or I'll likely wake up and find myself dead entirely!"
David and Ellen O'Nial had four daughters; two of them married but the ones Colin told me about were the two spinsters, Catherine and Minnie. These two were well-known to Colin and to Harry Heaps and Maggie Loft, another two of my informants.

Catherine and Minnie told Colin how they had peered through the Cape Broom hedge that gave Broombank its name as the Burke and Landells expedition passed on its way to the second encampment near the site of the Inverness Hotel. Because of childhood attachments such as this momentous occasion in Australian history, when the ownership of Broombank passed to the two spinsters, who lived in Docker St, Richmond according to the rate records, they refused to sell the property.
After the Williams moved, Ray Loft (son of Tommy Loft of Dalkeith) leased Broombank for many years until, on the death of the last remaining spinster, he was finally able to purchase the farm. Ray lived in the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St on Tommy's subdivision. The Broombank homestead was over 80 years old and probably a restorer's delight as the real estate agents put it. Colin Williams, who showed me a photo of the building, told me that it was at the end of a 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd; When Ray Loft subdivided Broombank in 1952, he named the drive after his wife, Maggie (nee Millar.) The homestead was, of course, the old Lady of the Lake Hotel! John Cock told Colin's dad that it was haunted but this was not because Ellen O'Nial did not die.
Okay I'll fess up! Firstly, you probably wondered what this Burke and Landells business was. Landells, who organised the camels was second in charge but left in a huff. William Wright (not Tulip) was engaged to replace him but lingered at Menindee, thus causing the deaths of Burke, Wills and Gray.Secondly, Mrs Ellen O'Nial did not die, but Mrs Ellen Beaman , relict of the late David William O'Nial did. I thank the Broadmeadows rate collector for filling in the details regarding the owner of the 33/37 acres that John Cock was leasing, R.Beaman. Without this detail I would never have thought of googling Beaman.

Before moving onto a chronology with the aid of trove, I need to tell you about SPRINGS , which was given as the location of the Lady of the Lake. Springs was a very vague location, about as vague as Moonee Moonee Ponds, which is mentioned in my historical howlers journal. The fact that SPRINGS was on the way to both Keilor and Bulla made Isaac Batey think that Jack O'Nial may have also operated the Springfield Inn on Keilor Rd.Spring St, Tullamarine and Spring St, Niddrie are reminders of how vague the location name was.

By 1849 the name Springs was used to describe the location of Sandy Smith of "Norwood" (Melway 27 E2-3), James Laverty of "Spring Vale" (15 E9)and David O'Nial of the Lady of the Lake (5 H 11.)This obviously created confusion so by 1856 Bernard Cavenagh (sic, Kavanagh) of Springfield, James Collier (55 acres 2 roods and 3 perches comprising the northern part of the Niddrie quarry- east of Quinn Grove Reserve), Patrick Phelan of Spring Park (bisected by McNamara Ave)and Edward Fegan, operator of the North Pole Inn, were all described as living at Springfield. You might find something common to most of the farm names; they have spring as the first part of the name. Add to these James Robertson's Spring Hill, which became Aberfeldie!

Why a 10 year was issued for Leslie Park is beyond me, for by the end of 1842, land in the parish of Tullamarine was put up for alienation (purchase from the Crown.) William V.Leslie Foster received the grants for section 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla on opposite sides of Sharps Rd and west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John Foster received the grant for 20 Doutta Galla,between Fosters Rd (Now Keilor Park Dr.) and the river, which was later called "Spring Farm" (The Argus, 29-11-1867 p.2). It is likely that the brothers called all of this land "The Springs" as by 1850 there was a school on it with "The Springs" used to describe its location. The name was also used to describe the Fosters' property in the case of a murder that took place on the road to Keilor in, I think, 1843.Why would they call their property "The Springs"?

The Fosters were early squatters, John Vasey Leslie Foster (later John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster) had challenged Dr Farquhar McCrae to a duel over the transfer of the Eumemmerring run (which accounts for Foster and McCrae Sts in the heart of Dandenong)and in 1840, John and his older brother, William, were given a 10 year lease on Leslie Park, which Sam Merrifield stated was located at Essendon. (Sam Merrifield, who was born in the old Wordsworth house on the south side of the Strathconnan Square/ Melrose Dr. corner, according to Harry Heaps,became a much loved member of parliament and historian; the Moonee Ponds Library is named after him.)

Back to the origin of the name. In the 1860 Geological Survey Map at a spot north of the present Camp Hill Park (Melway 15 J1) is written "a constant supply of excellent water." As the contours do not indicate a catchment, it must be assumed that the origin of the water was a spring.The water then flowed west one chain into section 3, curving south on the east side of the Spring St (Leo Dineen) Reserve and through the pedestrian access at the south end of the oval where it met another stream that originated north west of section 3 and flowed through what became Michael Reddan's "Brightview".It then joined the Steele chain of ponds at 15 F 7, which was set aside as a water reserve in the subdivision of 18A Doutta Galla.(Memorial 24734(2).)
Information about SPRINGS comes mainly from page 95 of my "Early Landowners;Parish of Doutta Galla."

LADY OF THE LAKE ON TROVE.(All from The Argus unless otherwise stated.)
16-4-1851. LICENCES.P. Donohue's application for the filthy Bridge Inn at Bulla was postponed but that of D.W.O'Nial, Springs, was granted.
115-5-1852 p.2. An inquest into the death of Joseph Morgan, bullock driver was held at the Lady of the Lake Hotel.
19-4-1855 p.7, MISCELLANEOUS. The secretary of the Port Phillip Farmers'Society, A.E.McCracken advertised that body's annual ploughing match, to be held on the farm of Mr Beaman, Lady of the Lake Hotel, Deep Creek Rd, on 10th May. (The secretary was Alexander Earle McCracken of Butzbach, brother of Robert and Peter, who returned to Scotland in 1857 due to his wife's poor health. See the J.T.Smith and his electors journal.)
26-5-1855 p.4, BIRTHS. At the Lady of the Lake Hotel on the 23rd, the wife of Richard Beaman of a son.
13-11-1856 p.5. INSOLVENT COURT. In re Richard Beaman. The official assignee elected to abandon the property over which Mr Foster held security. This was almost certainly the Lady of the Lake. The northern part of Foster's section 3, east of Melrose Drive, was bounded on the east by today's Mickleham Rd to a point just north of Londrew Court. Up to 1952, It contained only two properties, Broombank and the land associated with the Junction Hotel that became known as the Junction Hotel. The rest of the northern 240 acres (west of Melrose Dr.) can be accounted for: Charles Nash ("Bayview" of 109 1/2 acres) and smaller blocks owned by Nash and George Mounsey, J.F.Blanche (teacher at the Wesleyan school at the Cherie St bend), Thomas Purvis, John Wright and Ann Parr. They were all Wesleyans.
15-4-1865 p.5. W.J.O'Nial was given a 30 yard start in the half mile handicap and was also entered in the sack race over 80 yards at the Melbourne Amateur Athletic Sports on the Melbourne Cricket Ground. He might have been David's son or nephew.
20-2-1875 p.1, MARRIAGES. On 9-11-1874 at St Patrick's Cathedral, Charles John, the only son of Richard Beaman Esq., Collingwood to Elizabeth Neil, second surviving daughter of Andrew Knox Esq. late of Edinburgh.As Charles was an only son, he may have been the boy whose birth was reported on 26-5-1855. It's a pity that the mother's name was not mentioned in these notices and that I don't remember the address of the owner of "Broombank" in 1867 when John Cock started leasing it so that I could state with certainty that Richard was the new owner of "Broombank"circa 1855 and Charles his newborn, and only, son. I just did a genealogy search for Charles John Beaman and found something that must be corrected; I am starting a BEAMAN/O'NIAL journal. Be back soon.

How things have changed! I would not imagine many widows today would tie the knot again if anything they inherited from their late husband automatically became the property of their new husband (read "master".) And how many mothers today would be happy with a birth notice that is no reward for nine months of labour and the pain , and probable death, during delivery? How is the 26-5-1855 notice any different from this imagined birth notice?
BIRTH. McNAB. On 5-5-1851, the cow of John McNab Esq. of Oakbank of a male calf. In fact such a notice would have mentioned that the mother's name was Oakbank Annie, the first Ayrshire in the colony.

23-12-1884 p.1.DEATH. On the 21st at her residence, Clyde Terrace,Collingwood, Ellen Theresa, the dearly beloved wife of Richard Beaman and relict of the late David William O'Nial, an old colonist of 43 years standing.


THE BEECH TREE. (Melway 5 G10, opposite 322 Melrose Dr.)This was destroyed by fire in 1892 (The Argus 2-2-1892, page 4) but was rebuilt, serving its patrons (mainly drovers such as Noah Holland) for three more decades. The Melrose Drive or Tullamarine Reserve was originally Noah Holland's 6 acre property but was enlarged with the addition of Handlen's acre block on the north. Hopefully this reserve will soon be called the Rasmussen Reserve to honour Tullamarine's much loved teacher from 1909 and Progress Association Secretary (1924-1954)who was responsible for its acquisition and donation to Broadmeadows Shire.

The Beech Tree Hotel was closed in 1911 with Mrs Ivy Fleming probably being the last licensee. John Beech originally had a store in 1853 but by 1865 Balls were being held at the hotel, probably in the billiards room in which volunteers were given send offs to the First World War. The Beech Tree was a haunt of drovers and Noah Holland would meet them there to guide them to Newmarket Saleyards. See Tullamarine on Trove, last page.
(Andrew Lemon, Coles Hotel Records, Harry Peck.)

5-11-1855. (Page 8, last column) A draught horse had been stolen and a reward for its return could be collected at the Lamb Inn in Melbourne or the Beech Tree hotel in Deep Creek Road. This is the earliest reference I have seen to the hotel; the previous earliest being a reference to a Ball in 1860 from the Coles Collection of Hotel Records. Bulla was called Deep Creek for a while because of Tulip Wrights Deep Creek Inn near the causeway that he built. (Bulla Bulla I.W.Symonds.)
24-2-1860. John Beech placed a notice for W.Williams to see him at the hotel about some good news.
13-2-1861. (page 8) The hotel was advertised for lease.
24-1-1874. ( Page 1, 1st column, DEATHS.) Notice of the death of James Tenniel at the Beech Tree Hotel on the 23rd. there is also a funeral notice. If I remember correctly, James had been a policeman in Broadmeadows Township in its early days. He had run the hotel for some time (1868 Keilor Rates.)
25-11-1884. (Page 3, last column, FATAL SHOOTING ACCIDENT.) Edward Alford, who had been working for Robert McDougal on Arundel (Section 1) for a short time was accidentally shot and died. His body was taken to the Beech Tree Hotel where an inquest would be held.
2-2-1892. (Page 6.) Late last night the Beech Tree Hotel at Tullamarine was completely destroyed by fire. It must have been rebuilt quickly. Keilor Shire assessed William F.Katchell in 1890, Max Rosenberg in 1891, Buggy and Fontana in 1892 and A.Huxtable in 1893. (Tullamarine: Before The Jetport Ray Gibb.)
23-3-1910. (Page 2, column 2, 1st item.) The hotel, with the 57 acres on which it was situated, was being sold on the instructions of James Holbery (who had owned it for quite a while.) Its description is excellent. Of special significance was the billiard room (30x18 feet) in which the Tullamarine community farewelled its soldiers during WW1. Ivy Jackson was leasing the hotel. Three years later, Marion Wilson, who was running the post office (almost opposite Derby St), was also assessed on a hall (the old billiard room.)
2-7-1919. (Page 2, 7th item.) The property is described again as it is sold as part of the estate of the late S.D.Kinnear.

THE INVERNESS. (Melway 177 H11, intersection of flight path and Perimeter Rd.)

For the hotels between Oaklands Junction and the Lancefield turn off before Goonawarra, I am relying on memory.
Hang on, no I don't, now that I have my 2500 page, handwritten DHOTAMA. But I will have to type the text, which will take some time. However, I will attach the page on which I have plotted the locations of the Bulla hotels. The map also tells me where the Hillary drowning tragedy took place (as described in NAMES IN A LIST AIN'T MUCH GOOD.) See if you can work it out, ignoring the north-south mentioned at the inquest.

3 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago


David Milburn of Keilor is officially recognised as the first irrigator in Victoria. (Victorian Year Book 1973.)
As I am about to gain access to DHOTAMA, much information will then follow but in the meantime, readers might care to google "David Milburn, irrigator" and see what pops up. The first irrigating was done on his original purchase, Grange Farm, about which details will be supplied when I can access the Grange Farm entry in the dictionary history.

One of the pioneering families connected by marriage with the Milburns is the Tate family of Pleasant Vale which occupied the western side of Tullamarine Island, (subdivided by J.P.Fawkner)and extended across Jacksons Creek into the parish of Holden where the Tate children attended school after the Tullamarine Island school on Bulla Park closed. (Tullamarine Island is between Deep Creek and Jacksons Creek with Loemans Rd providing access.)The Pleasant Vale homestead was accessed via Cooper Rd and was directly in line with McLeods Rd across Jacksons Creek in the parish of Holden.

While the history of the Milburns revolved mainly around market gardening (orchards with peaches a Keilor specialty until the Spanish invasion of Borrell, Vert and Cuartero introduced crops of cauliflowers, tomatoes etc), it might surprise even the Milburns that David Milburn had Mrs Kilburn's 400 acre ("Fairview"x) "Fairfield" in about 1880.It is likely that this property,north of Sharps Rd and west of Broadmeadows Rd in Tullamarine, was used by David for hay growing or grazing. It was later owned by another pioneer of the Keilor area, James Harrick, before being divided into Brightview and Dalkeith.


This journal springs from another journal entitled JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS. Thomas Bertram was mentioned there in regard to establishing the location of Glengyle, occupied by the Guthries in 1851 and Thomas by 1854. Glengyle, which Thomas Bertram apparently renamed as Ellengowan, was in the horseshoe bend of the Maribyrnong River occupied by Browns Rd, Keilor (Melway 14 G2.)The ramp leading down to Bertram's Ford went through Ellengowan. THE BERTRAM NAME WILL REMAIN IN KEILOR FOLKLORE AS LONG AS THERE IS A MILBURN, BROWN OR MANSFIELD."DEATH AT BERTRAM'S FORD" IS ONE OF THE POEMS IN RAY GIBB'S 1989 HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE ENTITLED "WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR".
Thomas's wife seems to have been a Campbell and was possibly related to the true original owner of "Arundel", section 1, parish of Tullamarine.K.B.Keeley stated in his architectural thesis on Arundel (supplied to me by Tony Cockram, the owner of Arundel Farm circa 1990)that he believed that Richard Hanmer Bunbury obtained the Grant on behalf of COLIN CAMPBELL who was the owner from 1843 until 1851(See the SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS journal.)

It is possible that Colin Campbell named section 1 Glengyle and retained the Browns Rd area when he sold the rest of the property. It is also possible that the Guthries rented the farm from him until they could obtain their grants near Sunbury and that Glengyle was then occupied by an in-law, namely Thomas Bertram. The perpetuation of the name COLIN CAMPBELL as given names provides evidence that that the Thomas Bertram living in Caulfield when his son, Colin Campbell Bertram married in 1892 was indeed the same Thomas Bertram who lived at Ellegowan, Keilor and Victoria Bank, Brunswick.There is a huge gap in the TROVE chronology below so it is hard to determine when the Bertram family left Ellengowan, but I think I know why the family moved.

In the 1880's a railway to Bulla was proposed. The alternative routes were along Bulla Rd and up the east bank of the Maribyrnong River. G.W. Taylor and Marks Herman bought much land along Bulla Rd and the Essendon Tramway and Land Company bought much land along the river. The Crottys on "Broomfield" and David Mansfield sold their land but when the bust came they regained it as well as pocketing part payments,the former building a new homestead on the Honda site in Sharps Rd and the latter building "Roseleigh" near the western end of the Melbourne Airport Runway. I would say that Thomas Bertram moved to Willow Bank just before 1886. I believe that William Taylor of "Overnewton" bought the land from Thomas with the aroma of profits in his nostrils. The Arundel Closer Settlement on the Overnewton Estate, of which Ellengowan was part, was subdivided in 1906.

Thomas moved from Keilor to East Brunswick or North Fitzroy and became the close neighbour of T.J.Sumner of Stony Park. Thomas Bertram must have sold "Willowbank" to Sumner soon after his sister Jean died there in 1888 (at the height of the land boom)as the Fitzroy Press of 27-9-1889 (page 2) refers to the Summer (sic!) Willow Bank Estate in Northcote at the North Fitzroy tram terminus (a stone's throw from Willowbank Rd and Ida St, the house being located in the latter at Melway 30 C10.)Sumner's mansion was just across Glenlyon St where we see Sumner St and Peers St; Peers was his wife's maiden name. Sumner was granted the huge Annesleigh Estate in the parishes of Frankston and Moorooduc between Sumner Rd (Melway 106 D7) and 147 A6, and was a relative and business partner of the Grice family of Sunnyside (Melway 105 A7.)It is likely that Thomas moved to Caulfield in late 1888 or early 1889.

The following information comes from TROVE.(A= The Argus.)
Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell Esq. of Callis, Coll, Argyleshire, Scotland, died at 7 a.m. on 14-4-1854 at the residence of Thomas Bertram Esq., Glengyle, near Keilor (A.15-4-1854 p.4.)
On 29-5-1858 a daughter was born to the wife of Thomas Bertram at Ellengowan (A.5-6-1858 p.4.)
On 4-3-1860, at Ellengowan, Keilor, the wife of Thomas Bertram Esq. gave birth to a daughter.(A.9-3-1860 p.4.)
The year, 1865 was not kind to the Bertrams. Young Andrew died in April and David, possibly a young man, died in May. Andrew George Thomas, the second son of Mr Thomas Bertram died on 9-4-1865 at Ellengowan, Keilor, aged 12 (A. 11-4-1865 p.4.) Andrew George Thomas Bertram is recorded as dying at Ellengowan in 1865 on, which also states that his parents were Thomas and Ann (nee Campbell.) This confirms my suspicion that Thomas had married a Campbell.
"The funeral of the late Mr David Bertram of Keilor will leave No.8 Elizabeth St north today at noon." (A.17-5-1865 p.8.) This David could have been the young man named David Bertram who was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital with severe internal injuries about six weeks earlier (A. 1-4-1865 p.5.)
There were two other men named David Bertram, one a Carlton resident who chaired a rowdy Separation (of Carlton from Melbourne) meeting (A. 14-8-1883 p.9) and a dairyman of 8 Oakover Rd, Preston (A.4-2-1909 p.8.)As family members later lived at Heidelberg and these two areas are near Brunswick/Northcote, there could have been some connection with the Keilor-Fitzroy-Caulfield crew.Also possibly related was Thomas E. Bertram who died in 1955 (A.26-1-1955 p.14.) and whose wife (nee Littlejohn) gave birth to a daughter at Newmarket (30-1-1904 p.9.)

The marriage of A.H.Borthwick and Annette Marie Stuart, the second daughter of Thomas Bertram, late of Ellengowan, Keilor, took place on 21-7-1886 at Willow Bank, BRUNSWICK, the residence of the bride's parents
(A.4-8-1886 p.1.)
Thomas Bertram's sister, Jean, relict of the late William Fish of Churnside,Berwickshire, Scotland died on
31-3-1888 at Willowbank, NORTH FITZROY (A.2-4-1888 p.1.) She was buried at Keilor cemetery.
The happiness of a marriage was soon followed by a death at their new home in Caulfield. COLIN CAMPBELL, the eldest son of Thomas Bertram, Caulfield, was married on 19-2-1892 to Emmeline Bessie, elder daughter of Captain Charles H.Hall of H.M. 40th Regiment.(A. 7-3-1892 p.1.)
Anna McLean, the wife of Thomas Bertram died at Arthur St, Caulfield on 17-4-1892 (A.18-4-1892.)I suspect that Anna's maiden name was Campbell and that her mother's maiden name was McLean.

Annette Marie Stuart (Ettie)Borthwick,younger daughter of the late Thomas Bertram, who had married at Willowbank , Brunswick in 1886,and given birth to a daughter there on 5-9-1888 (Gippsland Times 5-9-1888 p. 3) died at her residence, Melrose, Mount St, Heidelberg, (A. 26-7-1921 p. 1.) The birth notice in 1888 indicates that the Bertrams noted in Gippsland (Traralgon, Sale?) were related to Thomas. The firm of Little and Borthwick conducted horse sales in many Gippsland towns. Whether these Borthwicks were descendants of Sir Thomas Borthwick (born 1798) who utilised the new refrigerated ships to set up a huge business importing meat from New Zealand and then Australia is not clear. The house in Heidelberg was probably so-named because Ettie's husband, Alexander Hay Borthwick, was from Melrose, Roxburghshire,in Scotland.William Borthwick of Maffra who died in 1883 seems to have been Alexander's brother (A.10-7-1883 p.1.)

Ettie's sister, Alice (daughter of Thomas and Ann Bertram of Keilor) apparently did not marry and also died at Melrose. Her death notice (A. 26-12-1935 p. 1) provides proof that Colin Campbell Bertram,was her brother.

The poem, "Death At Bertram's Ford" and John Milburn's photo of the ford may be added to this journal later.

Miss Alice Beatrice Bertram, of Mel-
rose, Mount street, Heidelberg, died at
her home on Christmas eve. She was the
daughter of the late Mr. ThomasBertram,
who came to Australia in 1849, and who
with his brother, Mr. John Bertram, was
closely associated with the developments
of the pastoral industry in the 'fifties and
'sixties. Mr. Thomas Bertram was the
first man sworn in in the Victorian
Defence Force during the Crimean War.
His commission was signed by Sir Henry
Barkly, and the "No. 1" sword that was
issued to him at the time was in the
possession of Miss Bertram at the time of
her death. Miss Bertram was born at
Keilor 77 years ago. She learnt singing
under Madame Christian, and she sang
in the choir associated with the Melbourne
Exhibition of 1888. During the 21 years
in which she lived in Heidelberg she
unostentatiously associated herself with
many charities. Her brother, Mr. Colin
Campbell Bertram, who was a station
manager and station owner in Queens-
land, also lives at Melrose, Heidelberg.
(P.9, Argus, 26-12-1935.)

Some specimens from Ellangowan,
near Keilor, show Mr. Bertram to have re-
tained his knack as a cultivator, and also
show how propitious the season has bson.
These are exhibited at Messrs, Ltw and
Somner's shop, and are really splendid.
Prairie grass 1B shown standing between seven
and eight feet high, the stalks strong and
succulent, and the well formed ears full'of
seed. It is thought the crop will yield some-
thing about fifty bushels of seed to the acre.
Heretofore the seed of this grass has been
costly, but in fature, so much of it has boon
raised this year, the price is likely to be
moderate, in which case it is dosorvlng of the
attention of all improving farmers. Italian
rye grass, also from Ellangowan, measures
seven feet, and the common perennial rye
grass about four feet.(P. 1s,Argus,8-12-1866.)

Ellangowan was sold in 1867 for L 2016.
(P.4, Argus, 6-7-1867.)

4 comment(s), latest 1 year, 1 month ago


Hopefully the attachment will attach. It looks as if St Salvadore Alfred Case died while living in the house (once at present Nos. 14-16) that had been occupied by two of the area's early private schools. The attachment is page 35 of Ray Gibb's "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla", sourced from his "Ardmillan" which resulted from extensive research of directories and rate records and gave information of every old house in the street, including Peter McCracken's mansion which stood on present Nos. 33-39, and the Chinese garden on Bailey's paddock. Case built "Rosina".
The Essendon Historical Society would probably have photos of the Sydenham and Blinkbonnie Ladies's colleges that were run in the house that stood on Nos.14-16.
It looks as if the attachment is not accepted. tonkin,If you send me a private email, I could post it to you.


As I no longer have notes or maps, this journal comes entirely from memory.It is prompted by a McCracken search on Trove, the National Library of Australia's digitised collection of newspapers, and an article headed NORTH BOURKE on page 5 of the Argus of 20-1-1852. (Apologies. The date should read 20-12-1852.) In short, the article is about a meeting of electors resolving to ask John Thomas Smith to vacate his seat as a member of the legislative council for North Bourke.The intention of my journal is to give detail of most of the people involved.

J.T.Smith, seven times Mayor of Melbourne,arrived from Sydney to teach at George Langhorne's mission for the aborigines on the Botanical Gardens site. He soon became a businessman and received grants for land at Green Gully near Keilor in the parish of Maribyrnong; North Essendon,and Kensington (including the State School site) in the parish of Doutta Galla and what became the Ranelagh Estate, Mt Eliza, at the north west corner of the parish of Moorooduc.
At the time of this meeting, he was probably living in Melbourne,possibly in the oldest surviving house in Melbourne, photographed by the wonderful MUZZA OF McCRAE. He later built Ascot House in Fenton St Ascot Vale. In the early 1860's, he was a foundation member of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington and became one of the three M.L.C.'s for West Bourke. He was accused of bribing voters with inducements such as oranges that he grew; his orchard was probably near Cranwell St, North Essendon not far east from the Irish Dr Harbinson's orange grove (Melway 16 E12.)The Fitzroy Historical Society website states that he was also an alderman in that area.His portrait can be seen on the internet. Edward Wilson, editor of the Argus, constantly criticised J.T.Smith.(Sources: The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous;parish maps; Keilor Centenary Souvenir 1950? eMelbourne past and present website under Mayoralty etc.)

Robert McDougall's biography must have been in Victoria and Its Metropolis for me to know so much of his movements. I believe he spent 10 years on Glenroy, which seems to have been divided into three farms: from Camp Rd, heading south, Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm and Glenroy Farm. Glenroy farm extended south to Rhodes Pde. John Kerr much later purchased the other two farms and built Glenroy House or Kerrsland which still stands as part of Penola College. Glenroy was so named by the Camerons, the original squatters, and they were still on Glenroy at this time as well so it is not clear which parts Mc Dougall and the Camerons had.
Robert McDougall later leased the Aitken Estate (section 8 Doutta Galla and possibly part of section 7 as described in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal) before moving into his newly- built "Arundel" mansion (Melway 4,G11) in about 1872.Unfortunately the Arundel mansion was ruined by Robinson's "fenestrations" circa 1950.
Robert was a foremost proponent of the Booth breed of Shorthorn cattle; as a result Harry Peck, in "Memoirs of a Stockman", stated that he and his neighbour, Harry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (Melway 15 K and 16 A 8-10)were bitter enemies, the latter being an advocate of the Bates strain. Ironically, Murray River steamer owner, McCulloch, who followed John Cochrane on Glenroy Farm, was also a prominent breeder of shorthorns.
You might well ask how McDougall and Stevenson could be neighbours. The answer is that they had other adjoining land on St John's grant (23 Doutta Galla), Stevenson near Strathmore Heights and McDougall near Strathmore North, both properties extending south into Essendon Aerodrome, which was originally called St John's Field.
The McDougalls also bought Warlaby, section 11 of the parish of Bulla Bulla (Melway 384 J8.)They probably owned it by 1888 when the first meeting of the Oaklands Hunt followed a trail from Warlaby laid by Farquhar McRae (not McCrae but possibly related)who was in charge of the hunters on "Glenara". "Warlaby",640 acres or a square mile, extended north to a western extension of Craigieburn Rd, which separated it from the Brannigans' St Johns. Due east of Warlaby was "Oaklands" which gave Oaklands Rd its name and north of that farm was Harpdale whose beautiful homestead (circa 1992) still bore the Brodie name set in tiles.
Warlaby was the home of Robert McDougall's son, Alexander (Sandy) who married Sandy Smith's daughter and moved to Western Australia in the early 1900's. Sandy Smith owned a mansion, Coilsfield, which was demolished to build the Essendon Hospital; he had earlier farmed near the Aitken Estate. (Sources:Victoria and Its Metropolis; Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" Andrew Lemon; Keilor rates; "The Stopover That Stayed" Grant Aldous; Doutta galla parish map, Bulla rates and parish map, Bob Blackwell re farm names; "The Oaklands Hunt" D.F.Cameron-Kennedy; "Bulla Bulla" I.W.Symonds; various essendon histories; videotaped visit to Jack Simmie's Harpsdale; "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb; K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis on Arundel.)

Some people whose names were included in the article lived outside my area of research, which started as Tullamarine, but expanded rapidly due to Bob Blackwell and George and Syd Lloyd. These surnames are Budd, Kyle, Guthrie and Reynolds. I have seen the name Guthrie and "Glengyle" which ring a bell but not very loudly. If I remember correctly, Reynolds was mentioned by Richard Broome in "Between Two Creeks", the history of Coburg. The names of Reynolds Pde and Reynard St, near Coonan's Hill may have been connected to this pioneer. Incidentally, Pentridge was the original name for Coburg and was changed during a royal visit in (1869?) to honour the Royal name Saxe-Coburg, which was changed to Windsor due to anti-German sentiment during W.W.1. Many families of German ancestry anglicised their surnames during W.W.1, such as the Groenberger family that was running the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine (SOURCE:Gordon Connor, whose testimony, like that of Colin Williams' also 99 at the time, can be taken as GOSPEL.)
POSTSCRIPT-GUTHRIE. I had a dim recollection of seeing the name, Guthrie, in relation to the Bulla area (Glenn & Guthrie?) and near Keilor Village. A search on trove revealed that Alexander (and J.) Guthrie had a farm called Glengyle, one mile from Keilor.They were living there in 1851.
I had a dim connection in my brain of Guthrie with Thomas Bertram and it proved to be correct. The Argus of 15-4-1854 reported on page 4 that Elizabeth, the second daughter of the late Murdoch Campbell of Scotland had died at the residence of Thomas Bertram Esquire, Glengyle, near Keilor.
The ford over Deep Creek, on Arundel Rd, which provided access to Keilor Village (where the Mansfields drowned in 1906 because the partly built Arundel bridge had been swept away) was known to all as Bertram's Ford.The ramp leading to the ford can still be seen between the house on the Browns Rd corner and the river(Melway 14 H2.)
Section 1 of the parish of Tullamarine was granted to R.H.Bunbury in 1842 but K.B.Keeley believed he was a dummy bidder for Colin Campbell who was the owner from 1843 until 1851 when he sold it to Donald Cameron. Two parts of "Arundel were sold off before Argus editor, Edward Wilson bought it in 1854; farms that were later known as Ellengower (or Ellengowen, I could not decipher the Keilor rate collector's writing) and Turner's. Was Colin Campbell a brother of Elizabeth Campbell and Thomas Bertram's wife?
Either of these farms could have been Glengyle. Ellengower was the Browns Rd area and the ramp passed through it, making the naming of the ford a foregone conclusion if Bertram had owned it. Turner's, later bought by the McNabs of Oakbank, (as was the land at Melway 4 B11)is situated between the east-west section of McNabs Rd and the river (4 D-F 12.) The decision on which was Glengyle rests on the description of Glengyle being one mile from Keilor. Bertram's Ford was about a mile from Keilor while Turner's was at least 2 1/2 miles.Therefore Glengyle, occupied by the Guthries and Bertrams, would have been in the horseshoe bend bisected by Browns Rd (Melway 14 G2.)
My suspicion of a connection with the Bulla area also proved to be correct so I'll go one step further and suggest that there was some sort of connection between the Guthries and Peter Young of Nairn, who will be discussed later. Alexander Guthrie Young, a colonist of 52 years died in 1891 at the age of 59.
(The Argus 9-12-1891 p.1) Alexander Guthrie obviously moved from Glengyle to the Bulla area. Mrs Alexander Guthrie gave birth to a son at Bulla Bulla, Deep Creek on 1-5-1859.(A.3-5-1859 p.4.)
Alexander Guthrie died at Togarf, Sunbury at the age of 70 on 27-11-1880. (A. 29-11-1880 P.1 and 8.) Togarf was obviously a farm and his widow, Ann, exhibited her Ayrshires with success at many shows. She died at Murtoa at the age of 80. (A. 27-9-1901 p.1.)
Postscript. Having obtained a map of Bulla Bulla parish, I can state that A& J. Guthrie's grants, issued in October of the years stated, consisted of section 14 (1852,503 acres), 22, part 4 (1854,135 acres 3 roods 10 perches) and 23 part 2 (1854, 384 acres 37 perches.) As I no longer have my Bulla rates transcriptions, I have no idea whether his farm (Togarf)remained this size.These grants were in the area shown on Melway map 383. I would imagine that they had been squatters before alienation and that section 14 was the homestead block and pre-emptive right. Section 14 was bounded by Southern Plains Rd, the line of Gellies Rd continued south almost to Emu Creek, and this creek on the south and west. A now-closed road, leaving Sunbury Rd opposite the east boundary of Craig and O' Grady's grant (Shepherds Lane), crossed Emu Creek in the east side of 383 D7, and travelled through the grant to the west end of Southern Plains Rd. This would have to be the private road to Daameeli; this property is on Richard Brodie's grant, 24(1). This road was the eastern boundary of 23 (2) and Emu Creek was the eastern boundary of 22 (4). The former fronted Sunbury Rd, the latter Gellies Rd and both Lancefield Rd.The tributary shown in Melway 383 B-D7 was about 100 metres (5mm on the map)north of the boundary between the two allotments.
Finally, although my memory is not too hot about what you say to Jan if things don't seem fair, it is pretty reliable concerning local history. I stated earlier that I had vague memories of seeing "Glenn and Guthrie" somewhere. Joseph Dubois returned my material yesterday and while looking for something else I found it!
In the Annals of Tullamarine (a large part of "Tullamarine: Before The Jetport").
1863. (After mentioning that James Sharp was leasing 40 acres of Chandos from J.C.Riddell and was to move to Hillside four years later.)Broadmeadows' rate records list the following Tullamarine residents east of Bulla Rd from the present bridge to Nash's Lane:
H.J.Brown and Glenn & Guthrie (Camp Hill), E.Dunn (Viewpoint), J.Maconochie (Stewarton)Love and Sharp as above, C &J.Nash (Fairview), W.Wright (Sunnyside), R.Beaman (Broombank), J.Foster, T.Anderson, R.Mitchell, T.Wright, P.Kettle, J.Gawley, J.Wright, J.Hendry (store, later P.O. too), C.Evans (shop.)

One last thing. Applications for occupation licences were invited on page 1 of The Argus of 11-6-1847.The various parcels of land were numbered but no location was given other than parishes. Alexander Guthrie had leased 640 acres in Will Will Rook for the previous two years. I checked the parish map on the internet, but there were no dates for the issue of grants. Then I remembered that Joseph had returned my material. According to "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History" only two grants were not issued in 1838. They were sections 5 and 2. Alexander Gibb purchased section 5 in 1848 after leasing the 640 acres for some time (Page 20) so Alexander could only have been leasing Box Forest, granted to John Pascoe Fawkner in 1850 (on behalf of his co-operative.) This square mile, bounded by the Northern Golf Club, Hilton St/ Box Forest Rd, the cemetery and Boundary Rd is now named after a Broadmeadows Shire Councillor, circa 1927, Cr Rupert Hadfield.

In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon mentioned George Langhorne conducting Free Presbyterian services at Peter Young's Nairn and how the United Presbyterians had caused problems. Andrew's source was obviously Peter Young's letter published on page 4 of The Argus of 19-2-1851.
Here are the headlines about Peter Young. He was a very proud Scot with a good knowledge of the "land o' cakes" and a love of poetry. He was on the front foot when situations needed correcting. He was a stalwart of the Free Presbyterians and a member of the Order of Oddfellows, working hard to advance the former and defending the latter group from unjustified criticism. Above all he was an expert farmer, and I mean an EXPERT. He seems to have moved to Clyde Park, Westernport before his death.

As I have the Bulla Bulla map now I'll tell you about Nairn before I detail the trove articles. See Melway map 384. Peter Young received the grant for Section 8 (a square mile/ 640 acres) on 26-11-1848. He added the 130 acre 7B on the other side of St John's Lane on 18-9-1851. (St John's lane led to the Brannigans' "St John's Hill", not heaven!) The William Inglis and Son thoroughbred horse sales complex is in the south east corner of section 8 and the end of the public section of St Johns Rd indicates its north western corner. Allotment B of section 7 is between St Johns Rd and Deep Creek; the southern boundary was the now closed road in C-E 12 and the northern boundary is indicated by 110 St Johns Rd.

While reading Isaac Batey's fascinating historical articles in the Sunbury newspaper, I half-noticed his reference to a Mr Young being ( a squatter?) near Essendon in the early days (probably 1847.)This could have been Peter Young. I will start with an advertisement that Peter placed in The Argus (as I thought, soon after arriving), which outlines his past.He was actually in Victoria by 1842!
All items are from The Argus unless otherwise specified: 1846-8 was the Melbourne Argus.

24-9-1847 page 2. Peter announced that he was setting up as an auctioneer and commission agent. He said that he had been land steward for the Marquis of Breadalbane (in Scotland), an experimental farmer and land steward for A. Speirs, the M.P. for Richmond (Tasmania), superintendent of the Government Domain farm in Van Dieman's Land and latterly superintendent of J. and W. Macarthur's stations. Peter must have arrived in Melbourne by 1846 or very early 1847. A letter he wrote to the Port Phillip Gazette was republished in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12-6-1847 page 4.) There had been an outbreak of black leg in young cattle near Port Fairy,to which no solution had been found,and Peter wrote from the Crown Hotel outlining his method that had worked so successfully in New South Wales in the winter of 1837. He had been in charge of 8000 cattle and the sudden death of cattle 20 miles away was put down to snake bites until Peter arrived and diagnosed black leg after dissecting a carcass.

27-1-1847 page 1-2. Peter made a toast at the Robbie Burns Festival that was a virtual history of Scotland and occupied 4 1/2 columns of The Argus.

28-5-1847 page 2. SEYMOUR. Preparations are being made for the sale to be conducted by Mr Peter Young on the 24th. This was to be the first ever in the township.Peter was auctioning well before the advertisement appeared.

1-6-1847 page 2. An excited report of the sale was given. The correspondent told of Peter's plans for regular sales.

3-8-1847 page 2. A DANGEROUS NUISANCE. At the close of business at the Police Office on Saturday, Mr Peter Young informed the Mayor of the cattle, horses, pigs and goats in Latrobe St West and no constable ever being seen to control this. The Chief Constable, who had earlier ignored Peter's complaints, was huffy but the Mayor instructed him to send two constables and impound these animals.

30-11-1847. The Seymour correspondent understood that Peter had intended to conduct quarterly sale but none (bar the first) had come off yet.

20-4-1849 page 4. Peter complained that he hadn't been getting his Argus or Patriot.He was now on Nairn.

19-4-1850 page 3, column 4. FOR SALE. Seed wheat and potatoes of a very superior quality grown from seed of last year's crop at Warrnambool. On sale by the undersigned, Peter Young, Nairn, Deep Creek.

27-4-1850 page 2. BIRTH. At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla on the 25th, Mrs Peter Young of a daughter.

8-1-1851 page 2.(Original correspondence to the Mt Macedon paper.) Peter said that up until the end of 1850 mail had been picked up at Mr Wright's Bridge Inn but the mail run to Mt Macedon now went through Keilor. (This is of interest because it seems that Tulip Wright did start the Lincolnshire Hotel's construction during 1851. Donohue applied for the Bridge Inn licence in 1851 but his application was postponed because of the filthy state of the Bridge Inn. (See THE HOTELS NEAR TULLAMARINE journal.) It may have been because Tulip had left, abandoning his hotel, that the route was changed.)Peter complained that 500 residents near Bulla now had to pick up their mail from Melbourne or Gisborne, stating that only about 5 people lived on the new route between Keilor and The Gap. (He was talking about William Taylor of Overnewton, James Robertson of Upper Keilor,possibly the Page Brothers of Glencoe-I'll have to ask Isaac Batey if they were still there; their drinking might have seen them off by 1851, and one or two others.) P.S. Edward Page advertised the homestead block in 1859. (The Argus 27-6-1859 page 2, column 2.)

10-2-1851 page 2. Peter hasn't given up. He now accuses two magistrates of using undue influence to change the mail run. One magistrate was certainly William Taylor; I'm not sure if Robertson was a J.P. too. His son, James, was and another son, Francis, was a member of parliament.

19-2-1851 page 4.Peter wrote a letter about Langhorne teaching Sunday School at theschoolhouse on Nairn on Sunday mornings and conducting Free Presbyterian services in the afternoon and how the United Presbyterians
were interfering with their fund-raising for a church for Broadmeadows and Deep Creek (Westmeadows and Bulla.)
"Vision and Realisation", the Victorian Education Department history of 1972, mentioned an early school on the McDougalls' "Warlaby" (probably named Oaklands) in a declivity; this may have been a mistaken reference to Peter's school unless another was built on Warlaby later. My memory from reading the book 20 years ago is dim but I think it mentioned two schools with different National School numbers.

31-5-1851 page 2. Another farming problem had arisen, smut in wheat. As everyone would know, when crops are affected, prices rise. Think bananas! Due to his innovative ideas and experience, Peter had worked out a solution and he could have cashed in big-time. He had put down 140 acres of wheat at Nairn the previous year and not one head of smutted wheat had grown due to his treatment of the grain before planting that he had developed 17 years earlier. Peter was not going to keep this a secret and let his colleague suffer. Could you imagine Coles giving Woolworths a helping hand?

25-6-1852. Peter wrote a letter headed "To Improve Crops by Pollen" which showed that he had a thorough grasp of the history of the development of the various types of wheat.

11-8-1852 page 6.Peter Young of Nairn requested permission from those who had donated money for the church in the parish of Bulla (not enough to proceed) to hand it over to the National School, whose establishment had been resolved at a meeting he'd recently chaired.

The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) 3-11-1852 page 722 (no kidding!) As Peter McCracken , the President of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was absent (due to the drowning of his young son, William, in the Moonee Ponds Creek near the bottom of Pascoe St, Westmeadows; see McCracken below), Peter Young of Nairn took the chair, filling it most capably, at the function to honour David Duncan's service to the organisation. (See the WILLIAM THOMPSON AND DAVID DUNCAN journal.)

6-3-1868 page 2. Evan McIntosh was holding a clearing sale at Nairn, his lease having expired. Peter may have moved to Westernport but he also could have been conducting a business in Melbourne.

6-5-1895 page 1. H.W.Shepherd married Susan, the daughter of the late Mr Peter Young Esquire of Melbourne and Clyde Park, Westernport.

While trove is a fantastic resource, it does not distinguish between the surname Young and the opposite of old, which led to many wasted hours. I did not find any other family notices or references to Clyde Park, Westernport apart from the 1895 marriage of his daughter.

I tried googling YOUNG with CLYDE, BERWICK and WESTERNPORT, the last named combination reminding me of a discovery I made at the P.R.O.V. (See SQUATTERS IN THE WESTERNPORT DISTRICT journal.)

A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the early 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at the Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)

Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.

The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.Ah hah, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.

Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.

Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)

Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.

Joseph Clarke of "Goolpala", Saltwater River (Probably the future "Rupertswood")might have bought all of Peter's property north of Melbourne.The Argus of 16-9-1865 reported, on page 2, the sale of the late Joseph's estate: lot 1. Nairn; lot 2.About 9 acres of portions 29 and 30 Doutta Galla near the racecourse (the future showgrounds site near Clarke Ave, Melway 28 F11); lots 3-9. original allotments in the Township of Seymour. N.B. Clarke may have bought the showgrounds land from the grantee, Pearson, who had sold 4 acres to John and David Charles Ricketts in 1851.

The advertisement states that Nairn was split into two farms, leased by Mr McIntosh (300 acres) and Mr Millar (450 acres.) Part of Nairn was to become William Michie's "Cairnbrae". It also stated that Peter had framed the economy of Nairn upon sure principles and described the orchards and so on. In 1860, W.C.Howie had been on Nairn and placed a notice about a black pig that had strayed into his paddock (The Argus 30-6-1860 page 8, last column.)

As we know that Peter was an auctioneer, he may have been a partner of the firm of Young and Timbury,which advertised the sale of the cargo of a ship in The Argus of 18-5-1860 (page 2, bottom of column 4.)
A George Young, from Tasmania was a pioneer near Dromana and might have been related to Peter. (See "A Dreamtime of Dromana".)Peter was certainly not related to Frankston pioneer, Mark Young, who was a Roman Catholic.
As Clyde is near Berwick, J.Young and James Grant Young (Argus 11-7-1883 page 5 and 10-10-1867 page 6 column 3) may have been related, although Mark Young was involved in the Dandenong area before moving to Frankston and they might have been related to him instead.

Peter McCracken farmed on Stewarton from 1846 until 1855.This was the 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens between the Forman St and Lackenheath Dr. corners and extending to the Moonee Ponds Creek, which formed the eastern boundary.I have just spent two hours looking for the death notice of Peter's three year old son, William, in 1852, which I read last night but cannot now find! However, an indication of this death is found on page 722 of The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) of 3-11-1852.

One of the extracts from Melbourne papers was THE FARMERS' SOCIETY. The article concerns a presentation of a silver service to MR DAVID DUNCAN OF THOMPSON AND DUNCAN, CORNFACTORS, BOURKE ST, MELBOURNE. (David had been treasurer of the body since its inception.See David Duncan and William Thompson journal.)As the President, Peter McCracken of Stewarton, was absent due to a severe domestic calamity , Peter Young of Nairn took the chair.

Young William had walked with his siblings part of the way to school (at the two year old St Paul's Church of England in Broadmeadows Township at Melway 6 B7.) They would have crossed at the bottom of Pascoe St, where there was later a bridge according to Sid Lloyd, until it was swept away in a flood and required entry to Jim Barrow's Gladstone via Forman St.Young William probably slipped into the creek on the way home. (Extracts from The McCracken Letters provided by Deidre Farfor.)

Peter then had a dairy farm at Kensington, on allotments 19 and 18 of section 2, Doutta Galla, leased from John Robert Murphy, the grantee, from 1855 until 1863.This land lay between Kensington Rd and a line near Tennyson St (Melway 42 K4.)Peter suffered the loss of all his haystacks in 1861 and struggled through 1862 because the grass was poor and the hay expensive. After he had moved to "Ardmillan", his mansion at present 33-39 Ardmillan Rd, and ended his lease on the Kensington land, pork butcher, Samuel Cox, leased the old dairy and from 1874 to 1882 William Samuel Cox ran his Kensington Park Racecourse; when Kensington Park was subdivided, W.S.Cox started a new course on Feehan's farm, where it still stands, extended onto Long John Mooney's grant, and then to Wilson Rd.
(The McCracken Letters, P.5 "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" Ray Gibb, "Ardmillan" Ray Gibb re address of the mansion.)

Optimistic reports of the Melbourne and Essendon Railway's meeting appeared on page 6 of the 30-8-1859 issue of The Argus. Directors appointed were George Holmes, Hugh Glass, J. Dinwoodie, C.Bradshaw, J.C.King, Peter McCracken and E.B.Wight. I think Holmes, a major contractor, who was building this line, was the man after whom Holmes Rd in Moonee Ponds West was named. Hugh Glass of Flemington House was a neighbour of Peter's brother, Robert and, with the McCrackens and Robertsons, owned most of the railway's route. Dinwoodie held a mortgage on the Aitken Estate at one time, the Bradshaws owned land at Hawstead and between Epsom and Union Rds, and Edward Byam Wight owned "The Ridge" across present Kensington Rd from Peter McCracken's dairy and the "Temperance Township" triangle mentioned in relation to the Bradshaws.(Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla- titles and parish map, The Stopover That Stayed.)

Peter is known to have been on Ardmillan by 1860; on page 4 of The Argus of 24-4-1860, appeared the death notice of John, the fourth son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan near Essendon, who had died of croup at the age of 2 years and 7 months.The railway opened at about that time but by 1864 it had to close because of insufficient patronage. No doubt James McConnell had sold his grants at Kensington and Moonee Ponds (bisected by Puckle St)at a good profit but the majority shareholders such as Glass and Peter suffered heavy losses. The former died from an "accidental overdose" and Peter lost Ardmillan.

He'd sold the part east of the railway to Taylor and by 1874, the rest of his estate had been sold, the homestead block to stock agent William Hudson and the western and northern portions to Edward Dale Puckle who sold subdivided land to such as Thomas Jennings Jnr, born in Melbourne in 1837.In a letter, Peter said that one consolation was that his new residence in Powlett St, East Melbourne was at least closer to work. And what was that? I'm going to make you wait.

Peter's brother, Robert, bought Ailsa from Captain Buckley; a letter from "Ardmillan" to Scotland indicates that this took place in April/May 1865, not in 1864 as stated by A.D.Pyke.The property was north of Kent St and went north to the Filson/South St midline. Glass had earlier purchased the Ascot Vale Rd frontage. In 1873, the Essendon Football Club commenced and played on the Ailsa paddock; it is claimed that the club had to move to another ground because the V.F.A. demanded a fenced ground in 1877, but it is more likely that the club moved to the East Melbourne Ground in 1875.John Filson lodged a subdivision plan for the paddock in 1875, naming the main streets after himself and his wife (nee Harding.)

Why didn't the club play at Windy Hill? Most football teams had formed from cricket clubs but Essendon was mainly composed of horse lovers. As most of the councillors were cricket lovers, they refused the "Same Olds" use of the ground. Later the council made the ground available to a V.F.A. club, Essendon Town (later known as Essendon A),which experienced great success in about 1910 when the great Dave McNamara was place kicking goals from 80 yards out and kicked the first century ever.A decade later many of their stars transferred to North Melbourne and the club folded. At last the ground was made available to the V.F.L. club "the Same Olds" which adopted the Bombers as a nick-name when aeroplane manufacturing no longer relied on aeroplane dope.

Ailsa was demolished when the house and a small portion of the land was sold to the Catholic Church. The new buildings functioned as a convent and college/university for a great length of time and recently became a Scientology centre.

The Mar Lodge Estate, adjoining Hoffman's Butzbach (later Croft's Buckley Park)was inherited by Francis Robertson of Upper Keilor, whose brother, James, inherited Upper Keilor and "Spring Hill" which became Aberfeldie. Francis, a bachelor and member of Parliament 1860-1864 and 1868-1886, built the 43 square homestead in 1863. He died at 1 p.m. on 11-3-1886 and the McCrackens bought MarLodge in 1888 according to the Essendon Conservation Study.

Coiler and Alexander McCracken sold 3 acres to the Government on 27-11-1910 for 1000 pounds; this was the original small portion of the Essendon High School site. Gordon Connor, one of the school's early pupils recalled cows grazing right to the high school fence. This continued for almost a decade until Mar Lodge was subdivided in 1919. There would have been no need to mow the grass because, on 7-1-1919,fire destroyed 150 acres of grassland owned by the late Alexander McCracken and tenanted by F.Flanagan.

Before continuing, I had better mention a bit about the McCracken family. It hailed from Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire, Scotland. Peter, Robert and Alexander Earle were three brothers involved in the Essendon area and there was apparently a sister, Grace, who married Alexander McGeoch, spirit merchant and died at the residence of her brother, Robert McCracken (The Argus 20-4-1859 p.4.)

Alexander Earle McCracken returned to Scotland in 1857 due to the ill health of his wife Jane. This reminds me of an error that I need to fix in the Thomas Miller (sic, Millar) journal. I stated that Jane had mentioned Thomas Millar's funeral but she had written about a grand festivity on "Miller's Farm"; another family member had written about the funeral.
Mar Lodge extended west from McCracken St to include all present Hedderwick St house blocks.Between there and Hoffmans Rd was Butzbach, granted to William Hoffman, a brick manufacturer. Alexander Earle McCracken was probably the first tenant on Butzbach and within ten months of the grant being issued had built stables with four stalls and a barn.In March 1851, he was building a house which was probably between Croft St and the bend in Price St (Melway 28 B2.)Alexander grew wheat (probably supplied to Barber and Young's flour mill on the Pipeworks Market site at Campbellfield) and the farm prospered but as mentioned earlier Alexander Earle and Jane returned home in 1857.

In a letter dated 14-4-1858, Robert told Alexander Earle that the McAuleys were now farming Butzbach. In the following year, the death occurred of nine year old Grace, the daughter of Mr Alexander Earle McCracken late of Butzback (sic), Saltwater River (The Argus 12-10-1859 p.6.) Not a good year for the McCrackens; little Grace had taken the same journey as her Auntie Grace and the optimism regarding the railway was to turn to heartache within a few years.

When Essendon F.C. started playing at Ailsa, Robert's 17 year old son, Alexander, a 17 year old Scotch College student, was its first secretary. Peter's son, Coiler or Collier, was the team's first captain. Alexander was to become the first President of the V.F.L. until shortly before his death in 1915. He was to become prominent in the Oaklands Hunt Club. He purchased "Cumberland" whose homestead ruins can still be seen at Melway 178 C12. After-hunt festivities were generally held at Cumberland, Alister Clark's "Glenara" or the Inverness Hotel until the club purchased "Sherwood". The Tullamarine community picnics, organised by its schoolteacher, Alec Rasmussen, were conducted on the 880 acre Cumberland, in 1909, 1910 and 1911. After Alexander's death, the Johnsons of "Glendewar" across the creek lived in its beautiful homestead but had to return to a humbler home when the Cumberland mansion was destroyed by fire.

Cumberland had a strong footy connection because of Alexander McCracken but also because of Thomas Wills, the grantee (of section 5 Will Will Rook?), an overlander, who was the uncle of Tom Wills, footy's creator, and Colden Harrison, codifier of the rules in 1866 and called the father of football.
("Running With The Ball" ? and A. Mancini.)

Cumberland was Alexander's country retreat but his real home was "North Park", now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodlands St, Essendon. His cousin, Peter's son, Coiler (obviously named after Coiler Robertson of La Rose) built Earlsbrae, which is now part of the Lowther Hall school. Coiler got into finncial difficulty and left for Bourke in New South Wales. (See "The Gold The Blue for extensive detail.)

COILER ROBERTSON, LA ROSE. See the journal about the 1847 Port Phillip Directory to find details about the "La Rose" Robertsons, the farm's location and two other Robertson families in the area.

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HISTORICAL HOWLERS in the area north west of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Histories about the area near Tullamarine have featured several howlers because of: vague locality names in the early days, municipal historians confining their research to their own municipality's rate books, and time limits preventing the development of a vast network of family historians/ descendants to check assumptions.
The description Moonee Moonee Chain of ponds, shortened to Moonee Moonee Ponds and later to Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the whole length of the Moonee Ponds Creek, not the present suburb of Moonee Ponds.
In "The Stopover that Stayed", a history of ESSENDON by Grant Aldous, a terrific description was given of a farm in the Shire of BROADMEADOWS, John Cochrane's "Glenroy Farm" at "Moonee Ponds. This farm was of course at Glenroy, nowhere near the suburb of Moonee Ponds.
In "The Gold The Blue", A.D.Pyke's wonderful history of Lowther Hall at Essendon, Pyke mentioned Peter McCracken farming "Stewarton" at Moonee Ponds. It was only when researching Broadmeadows Shire rates that I discovered that John Cock moved onto "Stewarton" in 1892 and, that soon after, it was renamed as "Gladstone". This farm was section 5 in the parish of Tullamarine, the northern 777 acres of the present suburb of Gladstone Park.It was bought from the Crown on Niel Black's behalf by George Russell. Black, after whom a street in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) was named, represented a syndicate which included Stewart and Gladstone; the syndicate's land in the Western District was also called Stewarton. Gladstone was a cousin of the British Prime Minister.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon stated that McIntosh had left the district because his name had disappeared from the Broadmeadows Shire ratebooks.That worthy pioneer had merely moved a stone's throw to the west into the Shire of Bulla. Andrew Lemon made another wrong assumption ; he thought that the James Robertson who settled at Gowrie Park (north of J.P.Fawkner's Box Forest, now known as Hadfield after Cr Rupert Hadfield) was a Keilor farmer. Poor Andrew did not have the help of the wonderful Deidre Farfor as I did! The three different James Robertson families and their properties will be the subject of another journal.
Here's an assumption of mine. If I'm wrong, perhaps somebody will let me know. Joseph Raleigh established Raleigh's Punt at Maribyrnong in 1850. ("Maribyrnong:Action in Tranquility".)A few years earlier, he was recorded at living at Mona Vale. I have a feeling that Mona Vale was Westmeadows. When Broadmeadows Township's Church of England was built in 1850, it doubled as a school but as an early (1969?) Westmeadows State School history stated, school was earlier conducted on Mr Raleigh's property and of course the township's main east-west street was called Raleigh St.


The website of the PORT PHILLIP PIONEERS GROUP includes articles from its newsletter. One of these articles is entitled "Port Phillip Pioneers Register" and consists of extracts from the register.

Thomas Napier was an early resident of Melbourne, and his son, Theodore, whose biography can be found in Alexander Sutherland's "Victoria and its Metropolis: Past and Present" was born there. Thomas bought land at Strathmore and much detail about the Napiers is given in Bruce Barber's website about Strathmore's history.The Rosebank mansion was built close to the site of the original house by Thomas's son-in-law, Barbour. Theodore's Magdala was burnt down in 1927. Magdala was so named in relation to a family member famed for his military exploits in India. Theodore left Napier Park to be preserved in its natural woodland state and Strathmore was named after a valley near Thomas Napier's birthplace.

David Duncan and his wife, Alexina, came out on the "David Clark" in 1839 (as did, if my memory is correct, the McNabs of Oakbank and possibly John Grant of Seafield, who first settled at Campbellfield).The article describes David Duncan's role in the formation of what became the Royal Agricultural Society.The first show took place on La Rose in 1848. This farm, occupied briefly by Dr Farquhar McCrae, who had leased "Moreland" to Michael Loeman, became the property of Coiler Robertson, who built the grand bluestone mansion in Le Cateau St, Pascoe Vale South. Coiler was the father-in-law of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan and the father of James, who built Trinifour in Park St. THESE ROBERTSONS WERE NOT RELATED TO JAMES ROBERTSON OF ANOTHER GOWRIE PARK AT CAMPBELLFIELD AND JAMES ROBERTSON (FATHER AND SON) OF UPPER KEILOR AND ABERFELDIE.

Section 14 in the parish of Tullamarine was granted to William Thompson and David Duncan. The southern boundary of the 640 acres is indicated by a westernly extension of the line of the east-west part of Melrose Drive, which was Grants Rd, and the western boundary by McNabs Rd. The location of the airport terminal is on 80 acres of section 15 which was the Payne's pig farm "Scone" (with a long o)when purchased for the airport.

As the editor of Victorian Historical has mot yet returned my material, I have to rely on memory again in stating that David Duncan and the McNabs were original trustees of the Bulla Presbyterian Church on the corner of Uniting Lane (Melway 177 G9.) Also, because I do not have my DHOTAMA, that William Thompson was related to the wife of James Robertson of Upper Keilor, according to Deidre Farfor, a descendant of the Robertsons.

The following comes from "Early Landowners: Parish of Tullamarine" by Ray Gibb.
On 17-6-1854, David Duncan paid George Annand, David Duncan and James Robertson (obviously William Thompson's executors) 1500 pounds for the late William Thompson's half share of the 640 acres. On 18-9-1854, David mortgaged the 640 acres to George Annand for 1000 pounds and on 6-9-1855, he sold 80 acres (separated by Bulla Rd in 1847) at the north east corner of section 14 (Melway 5 A4)to Thomas Rogerson for 1200 pounds.
It was probably David Duncan who called the farm "Gowrie Park." A proposal to rename streets in Melbourne Airport in honour of aborigines, early settlers and aviation pioneers in 1989 was killed by
the powers that be after new names had been decided, but Anthony Rowhead, F.A.C. inspector, named the new street near the Liquor Locker as Gowrie Park Drive.
The property existed as one farm, and sometimes two. On 15-12-1857, Charles Duncan commenced a lease on 96 acres (block A, section 14)at a rent of 120 pounds per annum. This land which became known as "Gowrie Side" was acquired from the Donovans for the airport, with the remainder of Gowrie Park bought from Bill Ellis.Its frontage on the east side of McNabs Rd went south for 20 chains (400 metres) from the Mansfields Rd corner.

On 22-8-1859, David Duncan and his wife Alexina mortgaged 553 acres 2 roods and 35 perches to Peter Sharp for 2000 pounds.On 28-2-1863, they sold "Gowrie Side" to Francis Merson for 585 pounds one shilling.On the same day, they mortgaged the southern portion, "Gowrie Park Farm" to Francis Merson for
1200 pounds. On 26-8-1874, Merson reconveyed Gowrie Park Farm to John James and Malcolm Ritchie. They may have been David's heirs or executors, perhaps they married David and Alexina's daughters. The Ritchies of "Aucholzie", west across McNabs Rd, owned Gowrie Park for some time.Circa 1920 it was used as a landing field, and was one of the sites proposed for the state's major airport, during James Lane's tenure.

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