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There were two fords in the Avondale Heights area by the time Braybrook Township, south of Clarendon St and straddling the river, had been partly surveyed. The one south of Rhonda St, which stopped Grimes progress up the saltwater river by boat in 1803, may have been a natural accumulation of rocks which the first settlers, maybe hundreds of years before, or even earlier, had utilised to build a fish trap. it was undoubtedly the ford used by Alexander Thompson in January 1837 when he headed to the Geelong area. Naturally this ford appears on the Braybrook Township map with the meandering track created by Andrew, George Russell and others bound for Geelong and the Western District. Later a ford was built at the end of North Road and this was called Solomons Ford. Before it could be accessed from the south, Duke Street had to be formed and probably metalled so that wheeled vehicles would not have to negotiate obstructions such as detailed below. This ford is also shown on the Braybrook Township map. The Solomons had held early runs at both locations so it was historically accurate to describe each of these fords as Solomon\'s Ford.

The original Solomons Ford might have been replaced because it it didn\'t allow enough room for a gradual descent and ascent or because the route was required for a township and surveyors loved their grids which may have been prevented by bullock drivers meandering through the area to avoid bogs, rocky outcrops, trees and so on.

Google SOLOMON\'S FORD and you will find countless references to Solomon\'s Ford being at the west end of Canning Street, (Melway 27 B8.) This was built by Michael Clancy after he\'d arrived in the area in about 1856. If it had existed in the 1850\'s, Canning Street would have continued west to the river but as the Braybrook Township map shows, it did not. How can professional historians get it so wrong?

The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 16 November 1935 p 4 Article
Copy into your search bar.
In January 1837, he left his house in
Melbourne for his Geelong station. Guided
by Buckley, the wild white man, he walked
along the route of Collins street, up the
Flagstaff Hill, by the track which was to
be called Buckley street, Essendon, to Solo-
mon\\\'s Ford over the Saltwater River, or
Maribyrnong as it now is, and across the
plains to Geelong. Thus Thomson\'s track
became the Geelong road, and the route
has not been changed since. In Geelong
Dr. Thomson built Kardinia, which he
said was the native term for sunrise, and
became the founder of the Geelong town-

Thursday, 3rd.—At six o\'clock the captain, Mr. Grimes, self, and five seamen went in the boat up the Great River; at between two and three miles it divided into two; *(27) we took the left hand stream at half-past eight o\\\'clock. The land became high, where we landed and went on a hill. The soil a reddish loam from ten to fifteen inches deep. Saw a large lagoon at a distance. \"Went over the hill to a large swamp. *(28) Soil black, eighteen inches, with blue clay at bottom. No trees for many miles. Came to the boat and proceeded on; passed two dingles; no water; came to a third where we found some water, where we dined and proceeded on. Opposite this the land is stony soil, stiff blue clay, and no trees only some straggling oaks by the side of the river. We went up the river till we came to rocks;*(29) could not get the boat over; crossed it at a place the natives had made for catching fish. It was still salt though a great fall ; went about two miles on the hills which are level at top and full of stones, the land very bad, and very few trees, and appeared so to the mountains, which appeared clothed with timber. On our return back came to the river a little higher up and found it excellent fresh water, where it divided and appeared deep enough for a boat. Just as we got to the boat it began to thunder and rain. Stopped a little time and came back till we could procure wood to make a fire, and it being sunset stopped the night.
Flemings Journal - Melbourne\'s Living Museum of the West…/Flemings%20Journal.pdf

The above passage does not say that the ROCKS were at the location where the saltwater ended as stated repeatedly in many articles written about Charles Grimes’ exploration of the river and supposedly based on the journal. The salt water does end near the west end of Canning Street, Avondale Heights but the map (link below) shows that the so-called Solomon’s Ford at Melway 27 B8 did not exist in the 1850’s. EVERY HERITAGE STUDY STATES THAT THIS ROCK FORD IS SOLOMON’S FORD!

I believe the rocks which stopped Grimes’ progress up the river by boat had been dislodged by the erosion of the volcanic plain as the valley deepened and that they were used by the woiwurrung as the basis of the fish trap. If their fish trap was not near the rocks, I believe that this would have been mentioned. Mention of the river dividing is mystifying and could only refer to the junction with Taylors Creek near the Kealba Wetlands at Melway 14 H9, far more than two miles upstream; even a beeline across the clifftop would only reach the Albion-Jacana railway bridge.

To avoid confusion, I will call the three fords near Avondale Heights, Grimes’ Rocks (south of Rhonda St.), Clancy’s ford (at 27 B8) and the second Solomon’s ford (at 27 C6.)

One of the first to use the 1836 Solomons Ford would have been John Aitken who then headed west to the Kororoit Creek, following the stream north and then continuing towards Mount Aitken blazing a track that was said to have become the Calder Highway. Was it coincidence that his grant, section 8 of the parish of Doutta Galla adjoined Braybrook Township at today’s Glenside Drive just 60 chains (1.2 km) from Grimes Rocks.

Alexander Thompson would have crossed at the same ford in January 1837 helping to create the zig zag track on the Cut Cut Paw side of the river heading south from the ford (shown on the map) to what became the Geelong road.


There were usually two features in regard to townships declared in 1850. They were on well-used routes so there would be passing trade and they straddled streams so there would be a supply of water. Because these streams were used as parish boundaries, these townships occupied part of each parish. Braybrook Township had a natural ford to unite the Doutta Galla and Cut Cut Paw parts. At Broadmeadows Township (now Westmeadows) the parts in the parishes of Will Will Rook and Tullamarine were linked by the Ardlie St ford which explains why there is an Ardlie St either side of the Moonee Ponds Creek. Keilor had a bridge by the late 1840’s but it and its approaches were often washed away.

It is not a coincidence that the southbound roads in North Braybrook Township (as it became known after Lynch’s punt and bridge near Flemington Racecourse and Brees’ 1854 bridge at Keilor removed the passing trade) funnelled to the ford south of Rhonda St. If Clancy’s ford had been the 1803 ford, Canning Street would have continued west to provide access.

It was no exaggeration to say the new pound (as shown on the map) was near Solomon’s Ford. It was only 400 metres from Grimes’ Rocks. It was 1400 metres from the second Solomon’s ford at North Rd. In 1850 there was NO Clancy’s ford!

NOTICE is hereby given that, the Public Pound at Footscray, in the County of Bourke, will be removed from its present site to Braybrook, near Solomon\'s Ford in the said County, and that the same shall be henceforth called the Braybrook Pound.
By order of the Bench of Magistrates, ROBERT CADDEN, Clerk Petty Sessions, County Bourke. Police Office, Melbourne, March 27th, 1849.

NEW ROAD A. new road is described in the Government Gazette from Mount Alexander to Solomon’s Ford. The new road will commence where the present road terminates, at the eastern boundary of section No. 12, Parish of Doutta Galla ; thence running westerly 27 chains, and passing through the properties of Messrs, Miller and McKlusky and Mr. Dugald McPhail; thence running north 81 deg., west 3 chains 25 links ; thence running north 73 deg., west 12 chains 50 links, and passing through the property of Mr.Dugald McPhail thence running south 80 deg.,West 25- chains ; and thence running south 74 deg., west 15 chains,-through the property of Mrs, Catherine Sinclair, to its junction with the present road, commencing at the dividing line between sections 11 and 12. The quantity of land required to be taken for the proposed new line of road is eight acres one rood and four perches, and the estimated cost of effecting the said work is two thousand two hundred and eighty pounds (£2280). (P.10, The Banner, 7-3-1854.)

The eastern boundary of section 12, Doutta Galla was Hoffman’s Rd and the south east corner is meant (ie. Braybrook road, now Buckley St west.) From there it was 44 chains west to Steeles or Rose Creek so the road probably went west for 27 chains taking a slice of section 8 (the Aitken estate) and Dugald McPhail’s Rosehill, w.n.w for 65 metres to a ford, w.n.w another 250 metres to near Surrey Court, w.s.w. 500 metres through the 114 acre Sinclair farm back to the line of Buckley St at the Rachelle St. corner (the boundary between J.P,Fawkner’s c/a 11A and Main’s Estate.) North Road and the half mile of Buckley St east of North Pole (Milleara Rd) had already been constructed by the looks of it.

A Doutta Galla map showing this section of road and the ford at Steeles or Rose Creek mentioned, as well as the sold-out, complete North Braybrook Township and later Solomons ford at the end of North Rd can be viewed if you copy into your search bar.The part outlined in this map would have been prepared as evidence in an insolvency meeting and shows C.B.Fisher\'s landholdings.

The reason Clancy’s ford is not shown on the Braybrook Township map is that Michael Clancy built it some time after his arrival in about 1856. He and his daughter never called it Solomon’s ford!

Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922) Saturday 9 July 1910 p 1 Article
(The Braybrook shire had sent either a cheque or bill) for part cost of repairing Clancy\'s Ford and pointing out that it was an excellent piece of work and likely to require little maintenance in future. Cr Dodd thought the culvert had been put in higher than the old one and that the water at Solomon\'s Ford had thereby been raised and made less useful.

The Dodds and Delaheys would have known which ford was the right Solomon\'s Ford. What Cr. Dodd meant (badly paraphrased by the reporter) is that if the water dammed up too much at Clancy\'s ford, Solomon\'s ford upstream would be covered with water, making the ford less useful, not the water.

Michael Clancy’s evidence at an inquiry into closed roads in 1879 reveals that he had about 35 acres joining Mr.Porter and Mr. Fitzgerald’s properties and had arrived there in about 1856. Clancy and Munro, his neighbour in the township, were prevented from watering their cattle at the river by Derham, who also tore down 28 chains of Clancy’s 30 chain rock wall and threw the stones into his victim’s crops. Derham had Clancy’s lease of the river reserve cancelled. Harry Peck says that Derham, of fair complexion, as husky as a lumberjack, kept the pub at Braybrook and hunted others off hundreds of acres of land where he grazed about 200 horses for the Indian horse trade. Thomas B. Derham lived in Trinifour sometime after 1886 between the occupancies of W.G.Tulloch and E. Henderson.

The late Mrs. Whelan was born at Braybrook where her father was a farmer. She had lived at Williamson\'s Road, Maribyrnong, for seventy years. In the early days her mother was afraid of the blacks who were hostile. Mrs. Whelan remembered when the blacks used to hold corroborees at the spot where Moonee Ponds town hall now stands. Her father, the late Mr. Clancy, first built the ford over the Maribyrnong River known as Clancy\'s Ford. The late Mrs Whelan had eleven children, twenty-five grandchildren and thirty-two great grand-children.The funeral took place to Footscray Cemetery on Monday. (P.2, Sunshine Advocate, 24-10-1952.)

6 comment(s), latest 10 months ago


I thought Michael Fox might have died in the old North Pole Hotel. I was told his residence was on the corner of Milleara Rd. and I am annoyed at myself for not having asked which corner.However he died in 1918 and the old hotel had been destroyed by fire in 1891.(See end of journal.)

FOX.— The Friends of the late Mr. MICHAEL FOX are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of internment, in the Keilor Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to move from his residence. North Pole-road Keilor, THIS DAY(Thursday), 5th inst., at 2.30 p.m.(P.10, The Age,5-9-1918.)

The following persons claim to have their names inserted in the Electoral List for
the Electoral District of the County of Bourke, in the Police District of Bourke. ......
Laverty, James, freehold, Steel's Ponds, Parish Doutta Galla.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 1 May 1849 p 4)

FIFTY POUNDS Reward.-The above reward will
be given to any person or persons, who
will give such information as will lead to the con-
viction of the party or parties, who, on the 7th
inst, stabbed James Laverty's horses, of the North
Pole, Keilor Road. JAMES LAVERTY, North
Pole, near Keilor. (P.8, Argus, 11-12-1854.)

TO Let Sixty Acres of Land, at Springfield. For
further particulars apply to James Laverty,
North Pole, near Keilor.(P.7, Argus, 10-2-1855.)

TO LET, a furnished PUBLICHOUSE, near
Keilor. Apply James Laverty, North Pole.(P.8, Argus, 7-9-1858.)

Important Sale of Green Crops and Farm.
JAMBS WATSON is instructed by Mr.
James Laverty to SELL by AUCTION, on the
ground, on Tuesday, November 1, at one o'clock,
50 acres growing crop (oats), at the North Pole,
beyond Flemington, 30 do, at Steel's Ponds, do.
After which,the farm, consisting of 50 acres of rich-
land, at steel's Ponds,Will be Sold Without Reserve.
(P.2, Argus, 26-10-1859.)

To Speculators, Persons Seeking Investments, Etc.
Valuable Freehold Property, Situated on the Mount
Alexander Road, and Known as the
☞For Positive Unreserved Sale.
SYMONS and PERRY will sell by auction at
their rooms, Collins street, on Thursday 10th March,
12 o'clock,
A very valuable property, situated about eight miles
from Melbourne, on the main Melbourne and Mount Alexander Road,
And at the junction of the Geelong road, known as
Containing eleven rooms, with good bar, kitchen, wash-
house, storeroom, stabling for nine horses, hay-shed gig
house, etc, also n large water tank 12 ft. x 12 ft., with a
constant supply of water at all seasons.
Together with
10 acres of land of the best quality, and in n good and
improving locality. The house is at present under lease
for a short time to a highly respectable tenant*, at a mo-
derate rent, and is now doing a first rate business, which
could easily be increased.
Terms liberal, at sale.
The House will, for the convenience of purchasers, be
sold either with the 10 acres, or with 1 acre, as may be
Title first rate, and will be guaranteed.
For further information application to be made at the
rooms of the Auctioneers.
For positive and unreserved sale. (P.3, Mount Alexander Mail, 9-3-1859.)

There was another advertisement which described the property as the NOBLE ESTATE OF SPRINGVALE, named neighbouring landowners such as Patrick Phelan and called North Pole road the Essendon road. It was found with a SPRINGVALE, KEILOR search.James Laverty was NOT the grantee of crown allotment 18C, Doutta Galla but had bought the undivided grant from (Joseph Hall? CHECK.)

I originally thought that the North Pole Inn was on the corner of Hoffman’s Rd because of the attached farm being described as 183 acres and the neighbours (Phelan, Hoffman) mentioned in an advertisement of 1859. It was described as being at the corner of the Essendon Rd and I took this to be Hoffmans Rd. Hoffman’s farm was immediately east and Phelan’s only 800 metres west. But two things worried me. Firstly, the frontage to both the Keilor and Essendon Rds was stated to be about 3000 feet while 17D has an eastern boundary of only about 700 feet. Secondly, why would North Pole Farm (18D) be 1½ miles west of North Pole Road?

From c/a 18D titles information on a later page.
Keilor’s 1868 rates show that John Corcoran had 183 acres. The extra 2 acres resulted from a mistake perpetuated since at least 1859, when 18D and the North Pole Inn was advertised for sale. It was probably Corcoran who renamed Spring Vale as North Pole Farm.
On 6-6-1850, Joseph Hall sold 18 D to James Laverty for the remarkably low price of L198/16/6 (M 845). About four years later Springfield, only 5/6 the size of 18D, sold for 7000 pounds (15 593). Why?
The gold rush had started. Also Brees Bridge, built in 1854, made the Keilor route more popular than the Bulla one for diggers bound for Mt Macedon, and attracted those headed to Ballarat who would previously have used Raleigh’s Punt (Maribyrnong). The bridge allowed Cobb and J.M.Peck’s newly established coachline a secure crossing and farms along this road had a ready market for their hay and other produce. For example, David Milburn, Victoria’s first irrigator of Grange Farm west of the river, was called Basket Davie by the diggers.
Hall was not to know what the future would hold and he probably needed cash after buying Purnell’s grant (22B) at Tullamarine for 200 pounds on 5-3-1849 (6 112). With the addition of 22D, granted on 17-7-1866, this became South Wait.
Laverty mortgaged 18D to Hall (M 846 and M847) and on 9-8-1852, 18D as well as lot 6 of section 12 were reconveyed from Hall to Laverty for L152 plus L50 (Q 632).

Measuring the appropriate boundaries of 18 D, I found that they were about 2640 feet each, close enough to the stated frontages. Then I recalled that John Corcoran’s farm had been wrongly described as 183 acres (instead of 180 acres 3 roods) in the 1868 ratebook.
Apart from the name, acreage and frontage was there any other connection between the inn and farm? Yes. James Laverty bought 18D from the grantee in 1850, and when he failed to sell the inn and noble (but heavily mortgaged) estate of Spring Vale in 1859, John Laverty and Robert Linay took over the hotel in 1860. John was charged with abandoning the hotel on 4-3-1863. James Laverty had mortgaged the farm (and lot D of section 12) several times and about this time John Catto gained ownership. He sold it to Corcoran on 6-12-1864.
Although title memorials concerning 18D made no mention of the inn, the above pieces of evidence, and the one following, make it almost certain that the North Pole Inn was at the western corner of Keilor and Milleara Rds.

For Absolute Sale.
The North Pole Publichouse,
Producing £150 per Annum, with the Noble Estate of
Spring Vale along with it.
MR. STUBBS is instructed to call the atten-
tion of moneyed men, farmers, and others to
the absolute SALE of the above property, at Bear's
Auction and Exchange Rooms, 66 Queen-street, Mel-
bourne, on Tuesday, July 5, at twelve o'clock
N.B.-Of any property ever offered about the
neighborhood of Essendon, for the Keilor-road, per-
haps there never was any over yet presented such a
prospect of realising a fortune, sooner or later, than
the one now advertised for public competition. Capi-
tal can never be better laid out than in what is
already returnable in good rental like this, indepen-
dent of the village pabilities of the property for
future subdivision and profit.
It is situate at the corner of the Keilor and Essendon
roads, having about 3,000 feet frontage to the
former, and about the same to the latter, more or less.
The whole well enclosed, and comprising 183 acres, in
two separate paddocks.
The soil rich, the country undulating, the scenery
magnificent, the approach by great Keilor-road.
Nearest neighbors-P. Phelan, Esq., M.L.A.
Hoffman, Esq., and other gentlemen.
Terms liberal.
Title, Grant from the Crown.(P.2, Argus, 1-7-1859.)

*Probably Robert Linay.
THE friends of Mr. ROBERT LINAY, of the
North Pole Hotel, Keilor-road, are respectfully
invited to follow the remains of his daughter Janet
Jane to the place of interment, Melbourne Cemetery.
The funeral will leave his residence at 12 o'clock noon
this day (Wednesday), March 7. (P.8, Argus, 7-8-1860.)

The description of "Springvale" as consisting of 183 acres, is a problem because 18D on the west corner of North Pole (Milleara) Road, consisting of 180 acres 3 roods, was granted to Joseph Hall and 18C on the east corner of North Pole Road, granted to D.T.Kilburn, consisted of 163 acres 3 roods and 183 could have been an incorrect rendering of either. Either allotment would have had a frontage to the (Essendon or Geelong) road of 42 chains, south to a point indicated by the Clarks Rd. corner. The frontage to the Essendon road given is ABOUT 3000 feet which is 1000 yards and 45.45 chains so the frontage to North Pole Rd was actually 42 x 22 x3, 924 yards or 2772 feet.

To work out whether "Springvale" was on the east or west corner of North Pole Road we need to take into account the Doutta Galla map, [Parish maps of Victoria]. Doutta Galla, County of Bourke [cartographic ... ;
titles information; understanding of the farms on the north side of Keilor Rd, and reference to the farms described as being almost and exactly opposite the North Pole Hotel.

Titles information (above) shows that James Laverty definitely purchased c/a 18D on the west corner of North Pole Road and lost it to John Catto at about the time that James Laverty moved to New Zealand.

There is no mention of James Laverty regarding ownership of c/a 18C on the east side of North Pole Road.

On 6-11-1852, D.T.Kilburn conveyed his grant to John Pinney Bear for L2968/11/7 (Y 149).
Bear leased most of 18C to John Wilson on 31-7-1855 at a rent of 500 pounds p.a. Bear had, or was intending to, sell blocks on the Keilor Rd frontage. The northern boundary of the leased land followed “various inclinations” (probably parallel with Keilor Rd and its bends) between the electric B.B.Q. and a point just north of the Woorite Pl. roundabout (29 794). Bear mortgaged 18C and land near Lancefield to Taylor, Fisken and Davis on 30-3-1871 (209 349).
On 15-5-1888 Bear contracted to sell 18C and 18D to G.W.Taylor for 34 350 pounds (347 14).
No doubt Taylor paid partly with credit notes but Bear would have pocketed some cash as well as regaining ownership when the bust ruined Taylor. Michael Fox probably bought 18 C and North Pole Farm soon afterwards (See 18D).

to the Grange Rd/Bowes Ave midline, "Niddrie" (17B);
to the line of Olive Grove, Patrick Phelan's "Spring Park" (17A);
to the Roberts Rd corner, James Kavanagh's "Springfield" (18B)bought by William Connor for his sister in 1863.
and to Collinson St, 18A, subdivided into small farms in the mid 1850's.

William Connor's sister was Patrick Phelan's wife, Ellen. When Patrick was tossed off Spring Park, he and Ellen moved onto "Springfield" and of course it was described as Phelans, when the 25 acres exactly opposite the North Pole Hotel and almost adjoining Phelans was advertised for sale by mortgagees. The 25 acre farm probably fronted the west side of Terror St in c/a 18A which is due north of 18D. This description had me believing it was part of "Springfield" (18B): "A very compact little farm, comprising about 25 acres of the best portion of the well-known Springfield Estate." A bit of background. In the 1840's the area just east of Keilor was called Springs but as Tullamarine was also called Springs, confusion resulted, so the Keilor road area was renamed (after Owen Connor's grant) as Springfield. Estate implied a subdivision and the locality was Springfield.

The farm, almost opposite the North Pole Inn, said to be "portion of A, Section 18, Doutta Galla, and comprising
about 152 ACRES 2 ROODS" was bigger than the whole of 18A, which consisted only of 132 acres 3 roods 20 perches.
"Springfield" (18B)consisted of 151 acres 0 roods 20 perches and was almost certainly the farm being described.

James Laverty, late publican, Keilor-road.
Causes of insolvency—Depression in business and
pressure of creditors. Debts, L2,364 11s; assets,
L12,610; surplus, L245 9s. . E. Courtney, Official Assignee.
(P.2, Geelong Advertiser, 29-2-1860.)

Sale of
Household Furniture and Farming Stock.
At the
North Pole Hotel, Near Keilor.
ROW, KIRK, and Co. have received instructions
from Mr. James Laverty, who is leaving for
New Zealand, to SELL by AUCTION, at the North
Pole Hotel, on Saturday, 14th lnst.,
6 saddle and harness horses
6 bullocks, dray, and tackle
4 cows, in full milk
4 springers
Ploughs, harrows, drays, &c.
A quantity of household furniture
Pigs and poultry.
Sale at one o'clock.(P.3, Argus, 14-2-1863.)

Springfield, on the Keilor-road, about a mile and a
half beyond Harper's Essendon Hotel.
Positive Sale of a snug little Farm, of about 25 Acres,
with Homestead.
To Farmers, Carriers, Storekeepers, Restaurant-
keepers, and Small Capitalists.
By Order of the Mortgagee.
G. WALSTAB has received instructions to
SELL at AUCTION, in his rooms, 85 Collins-
street west, on Monday, April 20, at one o'clock in the
A very compact little farm, comprising about 25
acres of the best portion of the well-known
Springfield Estate, situated about 7½ miles from
Melbourne, on the main road to Castlemaine, to
which road It has a valuable frontage of 11
chains, exactly opposite to the North Pole Inn,
and nearly adjoining Mr. Phelan's property.

The land is of excellent quality, the greater portion
being of a rich loamy soil, all cleared, ready for the
plough, and surrounded by a capital post and three-
railed fence.
The homestead consists of a well-built weather-
boarded cottage, about 60 feet in length, with veran-
dah along the entire front. There is also a store
facing the main-road, detached stabling for six horses,
and a barn.ETC. (P.2, Argus, 27-4-1861.)

At Twelve O'clock.
C. J. and T. HAM have received instructions from
R. G. Johnson, Esq., as agent for the owner, to
SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at their rooms, 45 Swan-
ston-street, on Thursday, 29th September, at twelve
All that fine block of land, being part of Portion
A, Section 18, Doutta Galla, and comprising
about 152 ACRES 2 ROODS,on the land being erected a
WEATHERBOARD BUILDING,containing 10 rooms, with
seven-stall stable,cartshed, piggeries, underground
tank, &c., in the occupation of Mr. J. Foley.
The land is subdivided in four paddocks, is under
cultivation, and is well situated, being almost oppo-
site the old North Pole Inn
.(P.3, Argus, 17-9-1881.)

A fire occurred on Saturday evening at 9.30
o'clock in a wooden tenement situated on the
Keilor-road, near Spring Hill. The building,
which was a large wooden structure, consisted of
10 rooms, and was formerly known as The North
Pole Hotel, and used as such in the olden days.
Owing to the inflammable nature of the struc-
ture it was completely demolished before even
the occupants had time to remove the furniture,
a piano and harmonium being the only articles
of value saved from destruction. The place was
occupied by Mr. J. Lobb and family, and at the
time of the outbreak some of the occupants
were asleep. No cause can be assigned for the
origin of the fire. The building is believed to be
uninsured, and the loss to the tenant is esti-
mated at £120, and to owner of the house about
twice that sum. The local fire brigades
turned out promptly, but arrived too late to
save any portion of the buildings.
(P.6, The Age, 7-9-1891.)

More information about James Laverty (associated with Connor and Phelan, Spirit merchants, the Harvest Home Hotel at Moonee Ponds and the 50 acre farm on Main's Estate on Rosehill Rd) is available if requested.

2 comment(s), latest 9 months, 3 weeks ago


I had thought that Big Clarke's special survey was obtained in 1841 when the British Government briefly allowed the purchase of 8 square mile blocks before protest from the authorities in Victoria resulted in the provision being overturned. However Isaac Batey, writing as Ramrod in the 1890's about the pioneers near Sunbury in 1846, stated that Big Clarke took up his survey in 1850. Isaac was right. This comes from Big Clarke's biography written by Hugh Anderson. (Australian Dictionary of Biography.)

In 1850, under the special survey clause of the Waste Lands Act, he successfully claimed 31,375 acres (12,697 ha) at 20s. an acre, and located it near Sunbury, twenty-five miles (40 km) from Melbourne. He next obtained the adjoining 31,000 acres (12,545 ha) under the Order-in-Council of 1847, both acquisitions displacing several pastoral licensees, and making a single property that stretched from Sunbury to the Sydney Road.

There have been countless biographies and obituaries written about Big Clarke but this one takes the cake. He was actually born during a visit by his parents to London. When he started in business, his main aim was to develop what today would be called a credit rating; he always paid on time. When the depression struck the Port Phillip District in 1842 he was not ruined like many squatters,who were mortgaged to the hilt, were. My suspicion that Dowling Forest, whose extent and home station are specified, was named after his wife's maiden name is confirmed. The only mistake in the article is a typo; the name of his brother-in-law is given as James Hean instead of James Hearn.

Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1843; 1854 - 1876) Monday 12 February 1872 p 4 Article
or copy your search bar.

The Melbourne Daily News (Vic. : 1848 - 1851) Monday 30 September 1850 p 4 Article
or copy into your search bar.


The attached map shows the parishes of Tullamarine and Maribyrnong.

The map was published in 1892 when the prospect of the construction of a railway to Bulla, either along the east bank of the Saltwater River (Maribyrnong River and Deep Creek) or along Bulla Rd., seemed a reality, and speculators had bought many farms along both routes. Tullamarine farms on the south side of Sharps Rd, in the parish of Doutta Galla, were also snapped up, James Sharp's "Hillside", near Barrie Rd by G.W.Taylor, and the Crotty family's "Broomfield" roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd, by the Essendon Tramway and Land Investment Company. There is a special map of Doutta Galla with the landholdings of C.B.Fisher in today's Ascot Vale and Avondale Heights shaded orange.He was banking on the Saltwater River option in about 1888 at the height of the land boom. Such maps were usually shaded for use in insolvency cases. The depression that hit just after the map was produced ended talk of the railway until the latish 1920's when revived agitation was stymied by the 1930's depression.

This journal will give the names of the farms in the area covered by the map and discuss the farmers and speculators. As the whole map was not copied and would be too small to read without the ability to zoom, paste the link,, into your search bar to get the map.

Until I saw this map in late 1988, I assumed that parish maps always had the names of grantees on them; that was until I compared it with another Tullamarine parish map.

Before I start on the parish of Tullamarine, I will deal briefly with the parish of Maribyrnong west of Deep Creek. The Keilor Plains were formed by lava flows which created a plateau through which streams such as Deep Creek and Jacksons Creek carved deep valleys. Because of huge amounts of freestone settlers could usually find sufficient bluestone on their properties to build homesteads and hotels but the land was too hard to plough and generally unsuitable for agriculture. Another factor that made agriculture difficult was the low rainfall which was great for ripening hay crops if they'd received sufficient rain to reach maturity. The Tullamarine and Airport West areas were renowned for their vast expanses of oaten hay.

The silt deposited in the river flats as the valleys were carved removed the ploughing problem there regarding freestone as the rock was covered by countless metres of rich soil. This soil, replenished by every flood, allied with the supply of water from the streams, was ideal for gardening, mainly orchards at first with "Basket Davey" Milburn of Keilor becoming the acknowledge pioneer of irrigation in Victoria. William Cherry of "Seaford" at Altona was another pioneer of the big river flat along Borrell Road (formerly Arundel Road before the freeway was built)south of Bertram's ford. In the early 1900's the Spanish invasion led by Jose Borrell of "Gumm's Corner, the Cuarteros of "Rio Vista" and Jack Vert of the area north of the Bowls Club near Barcelona Avenue changed the focus to the growing of vegetables although Peter Anderson's orchard on Horseshoe Bend provided for many decades a springtime delight for anyone descending Curly's hill from the east.

However the plateau to the west of Keilor became the domain of the sheep man. In 1850, William John Turner (Big) Clarke obtained a huge special survey stretching from Sunbury to Bolinda, Clarkefield and Sydney Road but a year or so earlier had paid cash for wastelands that probably included his huge Rockbank estate. The name of his son, Wlliam John Clarke appears on the Clarke grants in the parish of Maribyrnong as his father had died and he was the owner. I have recently submitted journals about Big Clarke (a fascinating 1872 article detailing his many land purchases, probably resulting from an interview of the bed-ridden giant a couple of years before his death)and the empathy and generosity of his son towards a Dowling Forest tenant.

William Taylor was dubbed the FATHER OF KEILOR in one of Keilor's historic celebration souvenirs. He was President of the Shire of Keilor an incredible number of times. His Overnewton Estate expanded into the parish of Tullamarine; All of Arundel (section 1) and part of Annandale (section 2) were purchased under the Closer Settlement Act of 1904 and became the Arundel Closer Settlement. The huge area in the parish of Maribyrnong north of St Albans became the Overnewton Closer Settlement with one of the attractions to agriculturalists being that the land had never been under the plough. Much good land had been denuded of nutrients because the sound Scottish principle of rotation of crops with periods of fallow had not been followed so applicants would not need to fertilise the soil on this former grazing ground. An OVERNEWTON search will provide much more detail.

James Robertson's estate was called Upper Keilor. There are plans to restore his historic bluestone homestead near the Keilor Public Golf Course*. He also bought land near Aberfeldie which he called Spring Hill but was named Aberfeldie after the mansion his son James built there after the death of his mother at Upper Keilor. James Jnr's daughter married Coiler McCracken, son of Peter McCracken of Ardmillan. Coiler's mansion Earlesbrae Hall in Leslie St, Essendon, is now part of the Lowther Hall Anglican school.

* Star Weekly | Historic Robertson's homestead may be restored › News

James Robertson Snr. also bought land in North Essendon between McCracken St and William Hoffman's "Budzbach" which was inherited by his bachelor son Thomas who became a member of parliament and called his property "Mar Lodge".His historic homestead remains at 33B? Forrester St.
Deidre Farfor, mentioned in the article about the proposed restoration of the Upper Keilor homestead, was one of my first history buddies and has contributed greatly to my understanding of the three Robertson families and the McCrackens.

Small blocks along Sunshine Avenue resulted from the alienation of the Keilor Farmers' Common in the 1870's with most blocks being bought by early Keilor pioneering families such as Brown and Fox.

John Pascoe Fawkner bought land at the north west corner of the parish of Jika Jika for himself but also bought many grants on behalf of those who joined his land co-operatives at today's Hadfield and East Keilor as well as crown allotment 10 on Tullamarine Island, 13B south of Mansfields Rd, 13A north of Mansfield's Rd with George Coghill, later partitioned with Fawkner getting the southern half,and section 7, Tullamarine with the part east of Bulla Rd being swapped with John Carre Riddell for the part of section 6 west of Bulla Rd.

This was between Jacksons Creek and Deep Creek and went north to the Bulla-Diggers Rest road in the parish of Bulla but being north of the line of Grants Rd was entirely within the SHIRE of Bulla.

Paul Tate was not a member of Fawkner's land co-op. re crown allotment 10 but finished up owning most of section 10 as well as Whiting's part of 11B.

Surprisingly absent from the buyers of section 10 lots were the Tates whose land (N.A.V. 177 pounds in 1882) probably included many of the section’s 448 acres. George Randall may have had part of the section near the famous basalt organ pipes. In “Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales” excellent detail about the Tates is presented; I will not repeat it here but I wish to refer to two points.
Firstly the family was on section 10 by at least 1859 when James was born. The second point is that their property was known from the first as Pleasant Vale, with Cooper Rd being the driveway to the homestead, according to Ed. Fanning. The “estate” which James bought at Diggers Rest after marrying Elizabeth Milburn was merely an extension of Pleasant Vale across Jacksons Creek, in McLeods Rd near the Holden school where James had been educated.

Shire of Bulla rate records indicate that among the pioneers of Tullamarine Island were: Michael Loeman (grantee of Glenloeman) the Fannings (“Sunnyside”; much detail in “Bulla Bulla” by I.W.Symonds.), Randalls, Bedfords, Junors, Grants (Craigllachie), Skews, Dugald and Margaret Stewart, Elizabeth Ramsden (leasing Glenloeman in 1902) and Malcolm Ritchie and W.D.Peter of Overpostle.
The map of “Tullamarine Island” farms on the next page has been compiled largely from information supplied by the late Bob Blackwell who was a grandson of bridge- builder Bedford. Information about Donald Junor’s “Fleetbank” came from Ed.Fanning who confirmed Bob’s locations.

The map can't be attached here as only one photo can be attached.
Section 10 was subdivided with Pleasant Vale being the largest farm on it. No names have been found for farms in the southern portion of section 10 but here is some detail of the owners.
Abraham Hodgkinson’s farm consisted of lots 7, 8 and 9. The part of it that is now part of the park passed to his widow Harriet, who also received the grant for allotment 7A of section 5, Holden on 1-12-1875. (Harriet then lived in Holden, so the farm on lots 7 and 8 was then called the “Old Farm”.) Harriet’s second husband, William Sharp, bought lot 6* on 29-6-1865, so Harriet (a daughter of Thomas Faithfull) would have toiled on lots 6, 7, 8 and 9 as well as Starr Grove. The rest of Abraham’s farm was sold to Harry Mildenhall, husband of Harriet’s sister. Henry sold this to George Randall for 75 ½ pounds on 3-4-1862.
*Lot 6 was sold to Sharp by R.G.Nichols (who had bought it from Lewis on 23-8-1854 for 120 pounds) .Was this George Nicholls who married Harriet’s sister Jane? Nichols sold to Sharp for only 60 pounds.

George Randall also bought lots 11-15 from Thomas Fraser on 20-11-1861 for 325 pounds (112 484). It is likely that Randall also bought lots 10 and 16 from Fraser. Ed Fanning says that the 108 acres that Alf Randall had after Hall had bought this section 10 farm was in the western quarter of 11B.

Crown allotment 11A became known as "Bulla Park". The Faithfulls may have called it Starr Grove.
Thomas Faithfull bought the 333 acres from the grantees (Cay, Chapman and Kaye) for 1665 pounds on 26-7-1852. (21 821) On 10-9-1854, Thomas conveyed the eastern half of the allotment to his son, Moses, for L832/10/-. Its southern boundary went west 45 chains from the south east corner to compensate for the eastern boundary being only half a mile. (21 822)

Both Thomas and Moses mortgaged their portions to the Land Mortgage Bank of Victoria. Thomas was apparently unable to repay and this bank sold his portion to John Skuse on 11-4-1871 (209 779). Moses’ land was reconveyed to him but on 4-12-1873, he sold it to John Skuse for 400 pounds. John Skuse conveyed Thomas’s portion to William Henry Croker (347 776) and it is likely that Croker also bought Moses’ portion.

It is likely that Bulla Park passed from Croker to Whiting, who died on 17-6-1929. Croker later owned Woodlands in Oaklands Rd near Bulla and his near neighbour there, W.D.Peter of Dunalister, bought Overpostle on the Island.
It is likely that the 333 acre Bulla Park was part of the 658 acres of Robert Selmon Whiting in 1902 and Duncan & George McLeod & John Anderson in 1914. It was definitely part of Thornton’s 760 acres in 1922. Billy McLeod apparently bought the farm from Thornton in the 1950’s.

Crown allotment 11B was subdivided into three farms the easternmost of which was part of "Overpostle". The westernmost 2150 links (430 metres) of 11B’s Loemans Rd frontage was that of the part that John Heagney sold (application and release) to Michael Heagney for 450 pounds on 13-7-1854 (14 420). On 2-5-1864, Michael Heagney sold it to Paul Tate for 900 pounds (138 819).
In the wild atmosphere of land speculation in 1888, W.H.Croker bought this farm from Paul Tate on 18-5-1888 (this was not registered with the Supreme Court until 22-5-90)
for 3400 pounds (362 430). Croker swapped it with Robert Selmon Whiting for other land (374 150) and, on 16-6-1915, Whiting sold it to George McKenzie McLeod, William McLeod and J.S.G.Anderson.

12 A Craigllachie (pronounced craig el ockie) or Deep Valley.
Crown allotment 12A was "Craigllachie". The grantee was John Daly.
John Daley’s daughter, Mary, married Michael O’Brien.
On 16-3-1869, John Daley conveyed Craigllachie to Michael O’Brien and his wife Mary:
“In consideration of the natural love and affection which the said John Daley hath for his daughter, the said Mary O’Brien, and for the said Michael O’Brien and for divers other consideration thereunto moving.”

Bulla’s ratebook of 1882-3 shows that Katherine and James Heagney (probably the widow and son of John, who’d owned 11B) were leasing a property (N.A.V. 48 pounds), which was almost certainly Craigllachie. I do not intend to pursue title any more on this property. The Grants seem to have been on it by 1897. Symonds states on P. 52 of “Bulla Bulla” that Robert Grant of Craigellachie received a special mention for vegetables at the first Bulla Show of 1-5-1897.
In 1914-5 William Fraser Grant, whose occupation was given as Inspector of Works, was listed as the owner and occupier of 140 acres and a closed road of 5 acres (which used to join Loemans Rd and Mansfield Rd). By 1922-3, Craigllachie’s owner was Eric L.Grant, with other details being the same except that 140 had become 138.
As seems obvious, it was on 3-9-1936 that E.F.N.Clarke (of Pips Chips fame) bought Craigllachie and renamed it Deep Valley.

18B FLEETBANK. This 192 acre allotment was granted to Kaye, Cay and Chapman for L230/8/- on 10-12-1850. Application 31187 contains the above information and then gives the second series index numbers for: John Broadfoot, Margaret Broadfoot, Margaret Stewart and Dugald Stewart. An examination of the indexes for these four names made no mention of 18B, although Dugald Stewart is mentioned as a trustee of the Presbyterian Church land at the north west corner of lot 14 in section 10. With this lack of evidence, I am forced to guess that John Broadfoot bought 18B from the grantees, left it to wife Margaret in his will, that she remarried and that the land passed to her husband (or son), Dugald. (My guess was correct; Margaret Broadfoot became Margaret Stewart.)

The Bedfords have had Fleetbank for over half a century. Harry Bedford used to work on Glenloeman for the Crosbies and then the Powells. His son, Henry still owns Fleetbank but lives on his 60 acre “Trooper’s Bend” north east of the Bulla bridge. Growing up on Fleetbank, he used to work for Billy McLeod on Bulla Park from the age of 11, about 1950, during his holidays. McLeod bought Bulla Park for L8/10/- per acre, about the same price that Gilbertsons paid for Overpostle. Henry said that the Clarkes were on Deep Valley for as long as he could remember until about 10 years ago. Clarke of Pips Chips fame gave this new name to the Sharp family’s “Craigllachie” and used the property for Romney Marsh sheep and trotting horses.

18 A, 18 C (and 20A Bulla) Glenloeman.
These Crown Allotments, consisting of 88, 412 and 94 acres respectively made up the 594 acres of Glenloeman. Loeman bought 18A and C on 10-12-1850, a date on which Kaye, Cay and Chapman and several other grantees in Tullamarine acquired their grants.
Detailed information about Michael Loeman can be found on P. 429 of “Victoria and its Metropolis” (A.Sutherland) and details of the ownership of Glenloeman on page 54 of “Bulla Bulla “ (I.W.Symonds).

Part of Glenloeman was purchased by Alister Clark of Glenara to protect his privacy. The 1914-5 rates show that William Gerald and Bernard Michael Crosbie still had the whole 594 acres of Glenloeman but by 1922-3 Alister and Edith Clarke had 106 ½ acres of 18C and Bernard Crosbie had 478 acres (I think the rate collector meant 488). Michael Loeman was a great mate of John Kernan, which accounts for Loeman St in Strathmore. Loeman St in Essendon is probably due to Michael’s grant of a township allotment bisected by Kiora St. The bridge in Moreland Rd was called Loemans Bridge in honour of Michael who managed and then farmed on Dr McCrae’s Moreland Estate for many years before settling on Glenloeman circa 1854.

As I had not discussed Tullamarine Island in WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR (1989) and TULLAMARINE: BEFORE THE JETPORT (1998), I wanted to provide some information about the island's pioneers but had to curtail what was available (as the journal would not submit) which meant that some of the extracts above are out of context. As the journal would become too long, preventing it from submitting, I have decided to write about the rest of the parish of Tullamarine from memory, just checking certain dates etc.,rather than quoting the very detailed titles information in my TULLAMARINE PARISH: EARLY LANDOWNERS.

Crown allotment 17A was granted to Alexander Kennedy on 11-5-1849. He built the Inverness Hotel which was a landmark at Oaklands Junction for over 110 years despite occasional destruction by fire. The junction was at about Melway 177 J11. It was so named because the road to "Oaklands" (homestead at 385 B9) headed north from that point.

Crown allotment 17B was granted on 16-12-1848 to George Coghill who called it Glencairne. On 10-12-1850, George Coghill and John Pascoe Fawkner were granted crown allotment 13A south to Mansfields Rd and on 28-9-1852 they partitioned the property, the 246 acres north of the original east west runway becoming part of Coghill's "Glencairne" and the southern 246 acres being allocated to Fawkner's co-op. members.

In about 1856, Walter Clark (not Clarke!)bought 17A, 17B and the northern 246 acres of 13A. He built the historic Glenara homestead in 1857. He also bought farms up Oaklands Rd., one of which he named Dunalister after his young son Alister, born in 1864. Walter was killed in a riding accident on 18-3-1873 and the Glenara estate was managed by John Kerr Clark, the estate being leased out to Russell and Davis.

After furthering his education in Scotland and at Cambridge, Alister Clark returned to Australia after graduating and in 1892 for £18,375 he bought Glenara, then 1030 acres (417 ha), from his father's estate. He was famed for his roses and his chairmanship of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its formation until his death.

Crown 13B was granted to J.P.Fawkner on 10-12-1850 and with the southern 246 acres of 13A was allocated to his co-op. members. Most of this land eventually came into the ownership of the Mansfield family. David Mansfield lived in Roseleigh, recently demolished, and sold his 13A land to money lender, Marks Herman, who was looking for a quick profit when the Bulla railway was built. Because of the 1890's depression he forfeited the land with his deposit and part payments enabling David to build a mansion named Glenalice which was just south of the e-w. runway and was demolished circa 1964.

Malcolm Ritchie bought part of 13 B from co-op. members, thus making him a ratepayer of both Keilor Shire and Bulla Shire. The driveway to the Aucholzie homestead was directly over McNabs Rd from Grants Lane, the boundary between the two shires.

Two early residents of Mansfields Rd apart from the Mansfields who were remembered by later generations were Donald Gray of "Bellno" and Charles Farnes. Bellno fronted Deep Creek on the north side of the road and the climb up from the ford to the Roseleigh homestead was known as Gray's Hill, according to Wally Mansfield. Malcolm Ritchie, who would have used the ford to get from Aucholzie to Overpostle on Tullamarine Island, married Donald Gray's daughter.
On the 26th ult., at North Melbourne, by the Rev.John Reid, Mr. Malcolm Ritchie, Aucholzie, Keilor,to Miss Jane Gray, daughter of Mr. Donald Gray, Bellno, Deep Creek.(P.4, Argus, 2-10-1856.)

The corner of McNabs Rd and Mansfields Rd was known as Farnes' Corner according to Wally or Keith McNab, perhaps both. The Farnes family history should be easier than many to compile because there are plenty of family notices to be found on trove. Charles' property was on 13A adjoining Gowrie Park.

Sadly Barbiston and Mansfields Rd will shortly become part of the airport and the associated homesteads have been demolished but Gary Vines' recent archeological survey will help to preserve that area's history.
The Scottish pastoral landscape in Tullamarine, Victoria (PDF ...

SECTION 12, of 640 acres east of c/a's 13A and 13B, is not so-labelled in the 1892 map. It was granted to William Thompson and David Duncan on 28-5-1850. Duncan was a builder who constructed "Roseneath" near Salmon Avenue at Essendon, which later became the residence of James Hearn Jnr., nephew of Big Clarke, who cared for his invalid uncle in his last days. Duncan, who played an important role in the establishment of what became the Royal Agricultural Society, bought out Thompson's share. Section 12 (or at least the 560 acres of it on the south west side of Bulla Rd) was called Gowrie Park but at times it was assessed as two properties (as shown on the 1892 map): Gowrie Park of about 464 acres and Gowrie Side of 96 acres 3 roods 13 perches, a total of about 560 acres. The 80 acres on the north west corner was sold off and generally was associated with Woodlands to the north. The Ritchies were executors of Duncan's will and came into possession of the 560 acre Gowrie Park. Pushing his luck to the extreme, Herman had bought Gowrie Park as well as David Mansfield's land to the west.
The Donovans bought the entire 560 acre farm but in 1943 William Ellis had arrived in Tullamarine, purchasing the 101 acres, Ecclesfield, near the south corner of Grants Rd and the 464 acre Gowrie Park from the Donovans who retained the 96 acre Gowrie Side, both farms being purchased from the same owners for airport purposes circa 1960. James Lane had owned both farms circa 1920 when it was first used as an airport.

SECTION 15, consisting of 715 acres, was granted to John Carre Riddell on 30-11-1842. Riddell later received the grant for section 6 on 30-3-1848. These two sections need to be discussed with section 7 before I deal with sections 9 and 8 to explain why Tullamarine S.S. 2613 was established at the Conders Lane corner (Melway 5 F9) in 1884. Tullamarine was never proclaimed a village but because of early subdivision of sections 7, 15 and 6, the centre of population was along Bulla Rd north of the present Melrose Drive/Mickleham Rd corner.

The road to Bulla was surveyed in 1847 but by 28-6-1850 when J.P.Fawkner bought section 7, the road had been built so Fawkner swapped the north east triangle of his section 7 for the south west corner of Riddell's section 6. Riddell sold the south east corner of section 15 to John Mansfield. This triangle later became Alan Payne's pig farm and the pig pens are shown on the airport acquisitions map circa 1960 when it was purchased from Payne. The south boundary of the triangle was Grants Lane and most of its area is occupied by the airport terminal building, Service Rd, Depot Rd and the original long term parking.

The huge blank area of section 15 at its north west end was "Glendewar". William Dewar had originally managed Riddell and Hamilton's Camieston Estate before buying the original 377 acres of Glendewar, to which had been added the narrow northern end of Love's wedge-shaped purchase fronting the west side of Nash's Lane and Bulla Rd. (Nash's Lane was the western boundary between the shires of Bulla and Broadmeadows shown with a heavy dotted line, Charles Nash's "Fairview" being in the latter shire. Wallis Wright's "Sunnyside" fronted the west side of Wright's Lane (called Riddell Rd in the the Camieston Estate plan.) John Anderson, Thomas Purvis and James Anderson had bought lots 12, 13 and 26-31 of the estate but these fronted Derby St, not Bulla Rd as shown on the map. Pencilled lightly on the map is Derby St, showing that somebody had realised the map was wrong. Derby St started at the boundary of sections 6 and 3, forming the south east and north east boundaries of Hamilton Terrace which went to north west to Greenhill St (that part of Nash's Lane south of the freeway.)Hamilton Terrace was divided into acre blocks 200 metre deep with 20 metre frontages to both Derby St and Bulla Rd, except for a triangular block between the Derby St corner and the section 3 boundary.

Although known as Nash's Lane by locals this was labelled Victoria St in early road guides and had probably been called Victoria Road by Riddell.
([PDF]rchaeology t TARDIS - Hume City Council

The land labelled Williams* was actually "Broombank" which was a 27 or 33 acre farm in section 3now mainly occupied by Tadstan Drive, subdivided by Ray Loft in 1952. My great grandfather, John Cock, rented this farm from 1867 to 1882 when he was followed by the late Colin Williams' parents. The 70 yard driveway from Bulla Rd to the homestead was Millar Rd, named by Ray after his wife Maggie, nee Millar. The farm grew to 33 acres when the former site of the Lady of the Lake Hotel was added. The farm was rented by John Cock, the Williams family and Ray Loft from Mrs Beaman, widow of David William O'Nial who established the hotel by 1849. The property was named after the Cape Broom hedge through which the O'Nial girls watched the Burke and Wills expedition straggle by in 1860 on its way to the second camp at the Inverness Hotel.

Hamilton Terrace crossed the boundary between section 6 and section 15, as did the land labelled Bourke. The name, Bourke, was not seen during my Broadmeadows Shire rate research so he was obviously a speculator. The property was "Chandos" after which I had a street named at the north west corner of the former Willowbank farm, the Alanbrae Estate.This 467 acre property was bought from Riddell by John Peter. It was bounded on the west by Derby St and Wright St, Moonee Ponds Creek, and today's Mickleham Rd south to the Freight Rd/Londrew Court midline. Ray Frost*, a teacher, had bought the part in section 6 south to about the Western Avenue corner, consisting of 180 acres, according to a pencilled note on the map. This middle portion of Chandos was later occupied by John Cock and then became William Lockhard's "Springburn". The part in section 15 including Bamford Avenue eventually became Percy Judd's "Chandos Park" and was bought by Bamford circa 1950. The southern 140 acres fronting Derby St and Old Broadmeadows Rd became the Wright family's "Strathconnon".

Re Frost, Williams, Mansfield, Vaughan,Wright, Tullamarine S.S. 2613 etc. paste into your search bar.

N.B. SECTION 7 (V11) IS WRONGLY LABELLED ON THE 1892 MAP AS SECTION 6 (V1). Numbering of sections started in the bottom left corner of the parish heading east 1, 2, 3, 4 and then 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 heading west. Section V1 has been written twice.

Fawkner's section 6 and 7 subdivision extended from Post Office Lane, immediately across Bulla Rd from the Derby St corner to Grants Lane, with a southern boundary of 2.4 km and a northern boundary of 800 metres.
The section 6 land became the Parr property, "The Elms" or "Elm Farm" and John Beech's large block, purchased on 1-5-1851, on which he built the Beech Tree Hotel. Mary Vaughan was the only co-op. member in section 7 whose surname appeared in Keilor rate records from 1868. A descendant of George Scarlett has contacted me. As with section 10 and section 13, the small blocks were consolidated to form Love's dairy farm near Conders Lane or become part of the McNabs' "Oakbank", which Love's dairy farm later did after being destroyed by a fire. The Andersons later had a fairly large property "Sinleigh?" on the west side of "The Elms".

One property on section 7 that appeared in ratebooks for many decades was the 101 acre property "Ecclesfield".
It had belong in succession to the Speirs, Vaughan families and A.H.W.Ellis. It appears to have been an L shaped property (rotated 90 degrees clockwise) occupying lots 13-17 of Fawkner's subdivision (bisected by Francis Briggs Drive) and 18, 19, 20 between Mary Vaughan's purchases and the Seafield boundary (top half of section 8.)

SPEIRS—On the 8th.September at his residence "Ecclesfield", Tullamarine Peter, the dearly beloved husband of Alice Mary Speirs, aged 64 years.Deeply Regretted.(P.13, Argus, 9-9-1911.)
Newspapers prefer bad news and there were countless reports of Peter's suicide.

Peter's death record confirms that his father was the one involved in the 1869 tragedy.
EventDeath Event registration number10050 Registration year1911
Personal information
Family nameSPEIRS Given namesPeter SexUnknown Father's nameSpeirs Jas Mother's nameMartha (Ruddock) Place of birth Place of deathMelb E Age44

ACCIDENTAL DEATH.—An inquest was held by
Mr. Candler, on Saturday, on the body of
James Spier, a farmer, fifty years of age, who
died at Tullamarine, on the 1st instant, from injuries
received through being run over by a dray.
On the morning of the day named, deceased was
driving a dray, and a man named Mitchell was
driving another; the deceased was walking aforeside
the horse with one hand on the trace, when
he asked Mitchell to touch up his horses. Mitchell
did so, and the team went off at a trot.
Deceased hung to the traces for some time. but
losing hold, he fell, the wheel passing over him.
The jury returned a verdict that the deceased
was accidently (sic) killed by dray-wheel passing
over his body.(P.12, Advocate, 9-10-1869.)

After Peter's death in 1911, Ecclesfield was taken over by a member of the Vaughan family, residents in Tullamarine near section 8 since the 1850's. No surprise that Herbert was into Ayrshire cattle whose breeding had commenced on the adjoining section.
On account Of Mr. Herbert D. Vaughan, Ecclesfield, Tullamarine: Roy of Ecclesfield,
(P.2, Stock and Land, 29-9-1915.)
Some of the Vaughan family moved north in about 1919 and obviously preferred the toffee coloured dairy cows. Paste into your search bar.

Having dealt with sections 15, 6 and 7, all subdivided in the early 1850's, I will now discuss sections 9 and 8 to the west and section 5 to the east.

Section 9A, of 371 acres between Barbiston Rd and an eastern extension of Grants Lane to Deep Creek became Aucholzie. Later the property was expanded into 13B with the purchase of some former co-op. blocks in 13B. By 1888, 95 acres fronting Barbiston Rd, on which Agnes Ritchie had been assessed, had become the second VICTORIA BANK, established by Angus McNab; the first Victoria Bank having been his father's share of section 8 before he'd moved away, that 180 acres being absorbed into the southern portion, Oakbank. Victoria Bank was later owned by noted journalist C.P.Blom, Griffin and Al Birch. Later Victoria Bank was subdivided into 10 acre blocks, one of them being called THISTLEDOME which, as I finally worked out, probably meant THIS'LL DO ME. The Shaw family bought the block fronting Barbiston Rd, naming the mini mansion "Rosebank" and when I visited c. 1989, I was shown a very old homestead near the Barbiston Rd frontage, which might have been the original Aucholzie Homestead, an the beautiful garden surrounding a small ornamental lake. Mrs Shaw told me about two ladies, McNab descendants, who had visited one day.

Aucholzie was assessed as 284 acres in Keilor rate records and 110 acres in Bulla rates, the latter consisting of former co-op. blocks on 13B. Its owners over the years including the Ritchies, Pat Murphy by 1915, W.Cusack and Gilbertsons, the butchers. Unfortunately the Aucholzie homestead was derelict by 1989. Gary Vines has information about Aucholzie and 9B (Barbiston) in his aforementioned work.

Section 9B consisted of 261 acres but Barbiston consisted of 165 acres south from Barbiston Rd to the Maribyrnong River, John Grant of "Seafield" (northern half of section 8) having purchased a 96 acre river frontage between McNabs Rd and the river, labelled W.P.Wynne on the 1892 map.

The first mention of Barbiston on Trove was in 1882 so Richard Gibson must have coined the name. Like the Grants and McNabs on section 8, he was an Ayrshire breeder. W.Grant bought the property in mid 1887 and sold it in mid 1888 at a 2700 pound profit to the McCracken Bros., brewers.(P.2, The Bacchus Marsh Express, 2-6-1888.)

E.A.Patterson was on Barbiston in 1890 and W.P.Wynne advertised a clearing sale in 1895, the property having been let to Mr Mansfield. After having been subject to rapid changes of occupants, stability was to return to Barbiston for at least half a century in 1901.

Messrs. A. E. Gibson and Co. report having sold the farm at Tullamarine known as Barbiston, containing 163 a. 2 r. 14 p., to Mr. Michael Fox, of Keilor.(P.12, Leader, 16-3-1901.)

SECTION 8. John Grant and the McNabs were the grantees of section 8. Grant's 320 acres occupied the northern half, Duncan McNab's the next 180 acres, the original Victoria Bank, and John McNab's 180 Acre Oakbank, the southern quarter of the square mile block. When Duncan moved to Green Point at Yarra Glen, his Victoria Bank was absorbed into Oakbank.(His son Angus later established another Victoria Bank on the southern 95 acres of c/a 9A.

In wet weather the two McNab farms were accessed from Grants Lane through Seafield. From the 1850's Tullamarine children could attend the Wesleyan School near today's bend in Cherie St or the Seafield School which was on the south side of Grants Lane where the runway now crosses it. These became state schools but were closed in 1884 and replaced by Tullamarine S.S.2613 on the north corner of Bulla Rd and Conders Lane. Seafield was later farmed by the Reddans but the McNabs retained the southern half of section 8 until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960. I have written plenty in other journals about the Grant and McNab families and their prominence as Ayrshire breeders and Keilor councillors.

Gary Vines has produced a study of European heritage such as the Seafield farm and school but was not helped by an ordnance map with David Mansfield's Roseleigh wrongly labelled Victoria Bank. That misinformation seems to have been remedied.

SECTION 5. The parish map shows George Russell as the grantee of this 785 acre property on 30-11-1842 but he was acting for Niel Black, a fellow Western District squatter, and most likely conveyed it to him soon afterwards.

It adjoined the Broadmeadows Township reserve at Forman St and its south west corner is indicated by today's Lackenheath Drive/ Mickleham Rd corner. It had an extensive frontage to the Moonee Ponds Creek and was therefore described as being at Moonee Ponds leading A.D.Pyke, author of THE GOLD THE BLUE, a history of Lowther Hall, to believe it was in the suburb of that name.

The McCracken letters reveal that the farm was named Stewarton after a member of a syndicate that Black was representing in the Port Phillip District and that Peter McCracken lived there for nine wonderful years (with one exception) from 1846 to 1855. The exception was the drowning of his young son. The first Broadmeadows rate book found, 1863, shows that James Maconochie was renting the farm, now reduced to 777 acres as a road reserve had been created on its western boundary. I have recorded all the occupants of the farm up to the 1950's but that is irrelevant in this journal. John Kerr would seem to be the owner in 1892 but he wasn't. Neil Black at some stage transferred ownership to Thomas Steuart Gladstone,cousin of the Prime Minister and another member of the syndicate. In 1883, he died and his three sons became the owners of the farm, then valued at 10 000 pounds.

In 1888, G.W.Taylor agreed to purchase the land for 74 575 pounds, paying a 14 915 pound deposit with payments of 10 000 required in December 1888 and July 1889 and the balance to be paid within three years. You guessed it! Like Marks Herman, Taylor became insolvent and the Gladstones reaped continued rent from John Kerr and the deposit and part payments that Taylor forfeited as well as regaining title. In 1892-3 as I recall, John Kerr's lease of Stewarton had ended and he was replaced by my great grandfather, John Cock. The details were the same in the following year except that the farm was now called Gladstone. I think it was Jim Barrow in the 1930's who tacked Park onto the end of the farm's name. Incidentally, Taylor had also purchased Chandos on the other side of today's Mickeham Rd as well, for 50 000 pounds.

The children on section 5 were more likely to have attended school in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows between Kenny St and Forman St)than in Tullamarine. The original homestead was near Claredale Avenue and the children would cross the creek at the foot of Pascoe St. It was after having accompanied two older siblings part of the way to school that Peter McCracken's son drowned in 1852.
Drowned at Broadmeadows, on the 18th instant,William, aged 3 years and 3 months, third son of Peter M'Cracken, of Stewarton. (P.4, Argus, 20-10-1852.)

SECTION 1. Originally known as Glengyle, this became known by the name that Edward Wilson gave to his portion of the 917 acre grant, Arundel. Edward Wilson and from 1872 Robert McDougall were section 1's most prominent owners. Wilson had been the owner/Editor of The Argus, but as his eyesight started to fail, he retired to Arundel, where he used the farm as a "model farm", acclimatising crops and animals of many kinds, such as Chinchilla rabbits and mules. He also leased section 2, Annandale. Eventuallythe Bachelor, nearly blind, retired to England where he moved in intellectual circles which included Charles Darwin.

Robert McDougall had leased "Cona", part of the "Glenroy Estate" in the 1850's and then the Aitken Estate between, and including parts of, today's West Essendon and Avondale Heights, before building his Arundel mansion and moving onto that property. He was the authority on shorthorn cattle, preferring the Booth strain and named another property he'd bought, Warlaby (Melway 384 J8) after Major Booth's stud in the old country.
(The sale of McDougall's shorthorns, Arundel and Warlaby was advertised on P.11, Leader, on 19-11-1887.)

J.B.McArthur, vice president of the Moonee Valley Racing Club from its formation until Alister Clark's death,was a later owner of "Arundel Farm", the largest lots on the Arundel Closer Settlement, where the Oaklands Hunt often gathered for post-hunt celebrations. A photo taken on one of these occasions shows the homestead, as built by McDougall with its balconies, replaced by a later owner, Robinson, who replaced the facade with huge windows, described as fenestration in K.B.Keeley's architectural thesis.

In trying to find the photo, I discovered the reason McArthur had bought Arundel farm and a bit of history of Glengyle/Arundel as told by William McNab of OakBANK. The M.V.R.C. had been established at Hosie's Hotel.

Mr. M'Arthur is now one of the best known business-
men in Melbourne, being the proprietor of Hosie's
Hotel, Elizabeth-street. The catering for this
hotel has increased of late years to an enor-
mous trade, so much so that Mr. M'Arthur de-
cided to buy a property where he could grow
every needful for the hotel. Arundel is a very
old property. Mr. W. M'Nab, who is one of
the firm of M'Nab Bros., famed for the breed-
ing of Ayrshire cattle, was born, and has lived
ever since on the adjoining property, Oakland (sic)
Estate, says that the Messrs. Guthrie , were the
first holders of Arundel that he remembers. They
were great breeders of draught stock. On one
occasion a sale of draught horses was held on
this property, and the sum totalled was £6000.
Draughts were of great value in those early
days. Kangaroos were hunted on this property,
and Mr. M'Nab says rabbits were kept in warrens
and protected. Mr. R. Guthrie, agricul-
tural reporter of the "Sydney Mail,''
is a son , of one of the farmer owners
of Arundel. Mr. E. Wison next held
this property. It was managed by Mr. John
Anderson, who is now in the Warrnambool dis-
trict, on the Tower Hill Estate. Amongst other
experiments tried in Mr. Wilson's time was the
breeding of mules. Many were bred and worked
on the Arundel Estate. Next to hold the pro-
perty was the late Mr. Robert M'Dougall, father
of Mr. A M'Dougall, so long and favorably known
as the master of the Oaklands Hounds, and who
is now in Western Australia, where he acts as
stipendiary steward, and has also a business in
buying and selling of pure bred stock Mr.
R. M'Dougall was known throughout Australia
as the breeder of the Booth strain of Shorthorns.
The the property was acquired by the late Mr.
Taylor, of Overnewton Estate, and held by him
and his sons for many years. It was later pur-
chased by the Government for closer settlement.
Mr. J. B. M'Arthur purchased the homestead, a
very fine structure, that would do honor to our
fashionable suburb Toorak, and about two hundred
acres of land surrounding it. Here Mr. M'Artlmr
has made a model farm, that is considered the
most up to date experimental firm in Australasia.
An inspection of the place was made after lun-
cheon by some hundred and fifty guests, who were
delighted with what they saw. etc.(P.19, Leader, 30-8-1913.)

SECTION 2. This was between the west end of Sharps Rd and the south eastern corner of section 1 at the left side of Melway 15A 2. George Annand was a Melbourne Grocer much involved in the council and politics, but apparently not as a farmer at Tullamarine. It was advertised for lease, probably when Edward Wilson, who'd been leasing it, had sold Arundel.

SECTION 3. This square mile block fronted Sharps Rd west of Broadmeadows Rd, and like section 21, Doutta Galla immediately south, was granted to William Foster.When William inherited an estate in the old country, ownership of both passed to his younger brother, John, who'd been granted section 20 between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive)and the river. John and his cousin, William Stawell, had drafted Victoria's first constitution, John being the Colonial Secretary. When Governor Latrobe resigned, John acted as Governor for a year and the Crotty family which farmed the north west corner of 21 Doutta Galla for a century from 1860 called the original homestead on that grant the Governor's house. John rented and later sold land in section 3 east of Bulla Rd to David William O'Niall (who built the Lady of the Lake Hotel just south of the Derby St corner and had an adjoining paddock which became a farm named Broombank, and also land fronting the road to Broadmeadows Township, now the North Edge apartments, Andlon and Londrew Courts, which for years was known as the Junction Estate, land which included the later Junction Hotel.

On the west side of Bulla Rd south of the line of Post Office Lane (indicated by the northern boundary of the Trade Park industrial estate, land blocks of roughly 15 acres were sold to widow Ann Parr, John Wright, Thomas Purvis, J.F.Blanche, George Mounsey and Charles Nash with Charles also buying another 110 acres which he called Bayview. This northern part of section 3 must have comprised about 240 of section 3's 640 acres. The southern 400 acres, all west of Broadmeadows Rd, was bought by D.T.Kilburn who called it Fairfield. Kilburn seems to have occupied it for a while in the late 1860's but then leased it out to G.& A. Williamson. James Harrick later rented and owned the 400 acre Fairfield, selling it as two 200 acre farms. George Mansfield bought the eastern farm fronting Broadmeadows Rd in 1910 and immediately built a homestead near the Dawson St corner. There was presumably a homestead already on the 200 acres west of today's Fisher Grove houses. By about 1914 the Bakers were on the eastern farm, calling it Preston Park. Tommy Loft had bought Preston Park by about 1920 and named it Dalkeith. The western farm became the Reddans' Brightview and then the Doyles' Ristaro.

There was something strange about the north boundary of Dalkeith. It was a straight line but somebody had taken a triangular bite out of it! This is what caused the bite.

WESLEYAN.-On Sunday, September 16th, a new school-room, which will be used also as a place of worship, in connection with the Wesleyan Church, was opened. Two sermons were preached by the Rev. J. C. Symons, of Collingwood. The congregations were exceedingly good, as also tho collections which were made at the close of each service.

On the following Wednesday a tea-meeting was held therein, and though the weather was showery, yet the school-room was filled. Tea being over, a public meeting was held, over which J. L. F. Foster, Esq., late Colonial
Secretary, presided. After a short, but appropriate speech from the chairman, the Rev. B.S.Walker submitted to the meeting a statement of accounts, and urged the liquidation of the remaining debt. The Rev. J. Eggleston, of Melbourne, next addressed the meeting in an excellent speech, on education and its benefits, and was followed by Messrs. Parnham and Williams. The gratifying information that the building is free from debt was then announced, the Doxology sung, and prayer offered, when the friends departed, pleased and benefited by the afternoon's entertainment.

The building is situated in Tullamarine, in the Pentridge Circuit, and is near to the Lady of the Lake Inn, on the Deep Creek Road. The ground (an acre in extent) upon which it is erected is the gift of J. L. F. Foster, Esq., and is centrally situated. Previously divine service was conducted in tho house of Mr. E. Dunn, farmer, on the afternoon of every Lord's Day. (P.5, Argus, 24-9-1855.)

While researching title information for my TULLAMARINE PARISH:EARLY LANDOWNERS, I found the memorial concerning the donation of the acre site for Wesleyan School 632, volume 420 folio 301. Following measurements given in the sketch of title, I transposed the boundaries of this acre block onto Melway map 5, but to described its location I will use map 15 J1. The north east boundary of the block is Melrose Drive, not the service road with that name. The south east side is indicated by the north end of Cherie St where it turns north east to meet the service road but continued to the road itself. The width of the block is about a third of the way to Catherine Avenue and its north western corner almost meets the north end of Tracey St. The block transposed on my Melway measures 2mm by 5mm so the memorial must have stated 2 chains by 5 chains or 200 links by 500 links. in today's measurements that is a Melrose Drive frontage of 40 metres and a depth of 100 metres. (An acre is 10 square chains.)

It is of interest that the boundary between William Foster's grants, 3 Tullamarine and 21 Doutta Galla, was west of Broadmeadows Rd to the end of Sharps Rd and was exactly 8000 links or 80 chains (a mile.)If you still have a Melway, measure the distance between the Broady road corner and the roundabout at the west end of Sharps Rd on map 15. It 8 centimetres so each mm represents one eightieth of a mile or a chain. Having established that such a scale existed, I was able to transpose onto my Melway every one of the blocks in Fawkner's subdivisions in sections 10, 13 and 6/7, and on Riddell's Camieston Estate (sections 6/7 and 15.)

SECTION 4. Section 4 was bounded by Broadmeadows Rd, a line east to the creek from the Lackenheath Drive corner, the Moonee Ponds Creek and the line of Sharps Rd continued east (through Caterpillar Drive and the Malvern Avenue/Coventry St intersection) to the creek, just south of the trestle bridge.
Eyre E. Kenny (after whom two streets in Broadmeadows Township were named)was granted lot 4 of 300 acres at the south end with a 3336 link frontage to Broadmeadows Rd (exactly to the Scamore Avenue corner), F.Dunbar, probably of Flemington, lot 3 of 150 acres north to a line indicated by the northern boundary of CAMP HILL PARK (east of roundabout in 15 J1), J.M.Ardlie (after whom Broadmeadows Township's main street was named), lot 2 of 225 acres with a 2223 link frontage to today's Mickleham Rd (exactly to Bickford Close / Scampton Cres. intersection)and Andrew Baxter (brother of Benjamin Baxter Melbourne's first postmaster after whom Baxter near Somerville was named) lot 1 of nearly 97 acres with a 966 link frontage (exactly to the Garryowen Terrace /Lackenheath Drive midline.)

Colonel Kenny bought lot 3 making a total of 450 acres but sold what became known as Mansfield's Triangle in parcels of 26, 52 and 11 acres, a total of 89 acres, thus making his property, Camp Hill, 360 acres. The next owner of Camp Hill was Hugh Junor Browne, the father of Dame Pattie, the wife of the father of Federation, Alfred Deakin.(
The owner mentioned on the 1892 map was Hay Lonie.

Mr Hay Lonie, whose lamented death we alluded to last week, was an old colonist, having arrived here in the year 1854 , being then 12 years old, he was born 22nd November 1842 at Cooperfife, Scotland. He was at the Ovens a short time after his arrival and at the age of 16 years he started dairying about Preston, and in 1868 he was the largest dairyman in the colony, as he was then milking 800 cows at Pasture Hill*1, Campbellfield.

Soon after 1868 Mr.Lonie bought the Golden Vein property in this district from the late Mr.L. Bourke, M.P. , which property he added to very considerably later on. About 12 years ago, he permanently settled in this
district, and at the time of his death he held about 6,500 acres, principally in Moranding, and he also
retained Camp Hill property Tullamarine, and Lochton, Bulla*2. He leaves three in family, the eldest boy being 18 years of age, one girl of 9 years, and Mrs R. G. Hudson, of Kilmore; from all the circumstances related, above as to his property it would appear that the rather vague rumors set abroad as to his position, are unfounded. We may say the feeling of sympathy for Mrs Lonie and family has been very great, and the respect in which deceased was held was evinced by the large number who attended the funeral on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Allison had the funeral arrangements at the Melbourne end and Mr Bossence took charge locally.
(P.2, Kilmore Free Press, 29-12-1892.)

(*1. Pasture Hill, containing 383 acres and 10 perches, was bounded by Pascoe Vale Rd,and Camp Rd east to a line that bisects the lake in Jack Roper Reserve,with the south east corner being that of Wallace Reserve. (Melway 6 H 10-11 to 7 B 10-11.)Boundaries based on knowledge of Will Will Rook crown allotment boundaries and a map on page 78 of BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY showing the 1874 sale/subdivision of the estate of the late Donald Kennedy, between Camp Rd and Rhodes Pde., into Pasture Hill, Bayview Farm (both bought by John Kerr Snr who built the historic Kerrsland which is part of Penola College)and Glenroy Farm.

*2. Lochton, north of the line of Somerton Rd and between the north-south part of Wildwood Rd and Deep Creek (Melway 177 C4) was crown allotment 5A of the parish of Bulla Bulla, consisting of 354 acres.

J.M.Ardlie moved to Warrnambool, obviously a while before 1855 when it was stated that services had been conducted at Edmund Dunn's house before Wesleyan school 632 was built near today's Cherie St.
Edmund Dunn was a brother of Henry Dunn one of the earliest pioneers of the Mornington Peninsula. Edmund combined lots 1 and 2, and his property, between Camp Hill and Stewarton, was named Viewpoint.

Edmund Dunn was a J.P.(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 11 July 1885 p 10 Article) and a trustee of the Tullamarine Wesleyan Church but he felt no guilt about exiting his 337 acre property in various places to avoid the toll gate (shared by the Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla Shires)which was located near the Junction Hotel site right near the south west corner of Viewpoint (Tullamarine Methodist Church Centenary, 1970.) If he was going south,he'd probably cut through Camp Hill.

(The toll gate is shown in the advertisement for the village of Gretna Green (under LONIE'S, CAMP HILL) to have been near Sharps Rd but the God-fearing Methodists would hardly have invented Edmund's avoidance, so the toll gate must have been moved to "Green's Corner" in the 1860's.)

You may recall that I hoped the hunt (in 1888) took more care while they crossed Dunn's farm than they had previously. This is what I had in mind. (Excerpt only given.)

Mr. Higinbotham and Mr. Michie, Q.C, for the plaintiff. Mr. Ireland, Q.C. ; Mr.Fellows, and Mr. Madden, for the defendant.
Mr. HIGINBOTHAM read the declaration,which stated, that on the 25th July, and on certain other days between that date and 15th August, the defendant, with men, horses, and dogs, entered certain land belonging to the plaintiff, trampling down crops, and killing and injuring certain sheep and lambs, the property of the plaintiff. The defendant had paid ?5 into court as satisfaction of damages, and upon this idea issue was
Mr. MICHIE, in stating the case, said that the plaintiff was a farmer, who was carrying on his business at Tullamarine, in the neighbourhood of Broadmeadows, and the defendant was Mr. Samuel Waldock, who was no doubt known to the jury as a gentleman of sporting tastes, and the master of the Melbourne hounds. Tho action was to recover damages for the wanton injury inflicted by the defendant, accompanied by other persons, in going with horses and hounds over certain land belonging to the plaintiff. The plaintiff's object was not to obtain large damages, but he said that unless he took some very decisive action in order to make these persons responsible for their repeated transgressions of this kind, he might as well abandon his farming business altogether.(etc.)
(P.6, Argus,4-11-1868.)

3 comment(s), latest 9 months ago


John Grant's biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888)gives more detail about John's time at Campbellfield where he planted the first vast area of wheat in Victoria and I can supply much information about his time at Tullamarine, the relationships between the Grant and McNab families, the location of Seafield etc., but I can't recall details of his passage to Sydney and then Melbourne. I also don't recall seeing his parents named so I'll start with his death record. The present Melrose Drive in Tullamarine was the boundary between the shires of Keilor and Broadmeadows so his place of death could mean that he died in the shire of Keilor or that the death was registered in Keilor Village. John's parents may have been cousins.

EventDeath Event registration number12824 Registration year1904
Personal information
Family nameGRANT Given namesJno SexUnknown Father's nameGrant Peter Mother's nameMary (Grant) Place of birth Place of deathKeilor Age92

The story of John Grant's voyage to Sydney and then Melbourne.
The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 21 January 1905 p 25 Article


(Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.)
In the Will of Alexander Sim, formerly of Edinburgh, in that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain called Scotland, but late of the City of Melbourne, in the District of Port Phillip and New South Wales, now called as and being the Colony of Victoria, Builder, deceased.

NOTICE is hereby given, that upon the expiration of fourteen days from the date of publication hereof, application will be made to the said Supreme Court in Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that Probate of the Will of the said
Alexander Sim may be granted to Alexander Sim the younger, of the City of Melbourne aforesaid, Settler, Son of the said Testator, being the only one of the Executors nominated and appointed in and by the Will of the said
Testator now resident in the said Colony of Victoria.
Dated this 29th day of July, A.D, 1852. JAS. H. ROSS, Proctor for the said Executor.
(P.3, Argus, 30-7-1852.)

It certainly took a while before probate was applied for. This may have been because Alexander Sim the younger was not the oldest son and had a brother named Frank who was going to do this but died in 1852. Unfortunately there is little detail in Frank's death record to confirm this.

EventDeath Event registration number1913 Registration year1844
Personal information
Family nameSIM Given namesAlexander SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathMelbourne Age65

EventDeath Event registration number3302 Registration year1852
Personal information
Family nameSIM Given namesFrank SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathColl Age Spouse's family name Spouse's given names

The first instance in this province of a
funeral conducted with masonic honours occurred
yesterday, when the remains of Brother Alexander
Sim, late W. S. Warden of the Australasian Kil-
winning Lodge, were followed to the grave by the
R. W. M., Officers, and Brethren of that Lodge,
and a large number of the brethren of the sister
lodge. The ceremony attracted a large concourse
of spectators. (P.3, The Melbourne Weekly Courier, 20-9-1844.)

The surname was often written as Sims, as illustrated in "VICTORIA BEFORE 1848". (
Mr Sim, in Oct 1839 employed James Lawrie aged 38, Bricklayer, who came on the David Clarke
Mr Sim, in Oct 1839 employed Archibald Mcmillan aged 46 and Mrs Mcmillan aged 42, who came on the David Clarke
Alexander Sim, Port Phillip Herald 13 Dec 1842 Page 2 standing for office of Town Surveyor
Alexander Sim, List No 7, 31 July 1844 letter at the Melbourne Post Office. Source - Port Phillip Herald 6 Aug 1844
Alexander Sim, letter at Geelong Post Office. Source - Geelong Advertiser 29 Aug 1844
Alexander Sim, Western Port District depasturing license for 1-30 Sept 1844. Source - Port Phillip Herald 15 Nov 1844
Alexander Sim, had a bag of sugar stolen by James Blake found Guilty by second jury for Supreme Court Mon 18 Nov 1844. Source - Melbourne Weekly Courier 23 Nov 1844
Alexander Sim, builder purchased from Thomas Jennings, Archibald McLachlan as Trustee has the Title Deeds for collection. Source - Melbourne Courier 25 July 1845
Alexander Sim, No 7, letters at Melbourne Post Office. Source - Melbourne Courier 5 Aug 1845
Alexander Sim Correspondence sold Western Port Restdown Plains to Rowe, John P**
Ann Sim, female wed Ebenezer Brown 1842 #4597 Church Of England St James, Melbourne
Charles Simms aged 18 came May 1847 with 338 on the Sir Thomas Arbuthnot
Daniel Simms departed 23 Feb 1841 from Melbourne for Hobart town arrived 5 March on the Flying Squirrel
Daniel Simms at Melbourne departed 23 Feb 1841 for Hobart town and arrived 5 March on the Flying Squirrel
Mr Simms arrived 1 June 1841 at Hobart from Port Phillip on 28 May, on the Flying Squirrel
Margaret Sim* 18 (single woman 33) House servant Prot both Edinburgh arrived 22 Oct 1841 on the Grindlay
Margaret Simms* arrived 1 Nov 1841 at Launceston from Port Phillip on the Corsair - source Launceston Courier 8 Nov 1841
Messrs Sim Letter at Post-office unclaimed 7 April 1847
William Simes Directory 1847 plasterer Richmond

(*It is possibly that Margaret Sim/ Simms was related. Although Margaret is not an uncommon Scottish given name, a native born Margaret Sim, whose mother was a McLeod, was discovered in my Victorian BDM search for SIM. The McLeods were early pioneers in the parish of Holden. The birth would have been REGISTERED at Sunbury.
EventDeath Event registration number2939 Registration year1863
Personal information
Family nameSIM Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's nameDavid Mother's nameJanet (Mcleod) Place of birthSUNB Place of death Age8)

**POSTSCRIPT. The location of Restdown Plains is given later. There is much detail about John Pearson Rowe on a family history page. Paste into your search bar. He moved from Devil's River to Restdown Plains in 1853 and extended the homestead in which Alexander Sims would have dwelt.There are photos of the resultant building in early days and 2010. The fact that the name of Rochester is derived from his surname is fascinating."Restdown was on one of the busiest routes in the colony and to meet the travellers’ demand for accommodation, Rowe built a hotel nearby. A store and blacksmith also opened, and the small community became known as Rowechester (latin for Rowe’s settlement), later modified to Rochester. There is a plaque about John Pearson Rowe in the main street."
I wonder if this is mentioned in the Rochester Wikipedia page. IT IS!
"Rochester (via Rowechester) was named after Dr John Pearson Rowe, who had a hotel here before the township was gazetted in 1855.[2] " Reference 2 is: Campaspe Shire, Placenames, retrieved 2009-05-01
I presume that via Rowechester is meant to imply that Rochester is a corruption of the original name.

Family researchers who possess the family tree will be able to determine which of these are related. There is no mention of Frank Sim. Alexander the Younger's run was near the Campaspe River (as will be shown re his purchase of section 6 Holden and a description of runs), and nowhere near Westernport. The Westernport District extended north at least as far as William Barker's run near Castlemaine which is included as well as the Cape Schanck and Boniyong runs leased by his brothers, which actually were near Westernport.

Alexander the younger had probably transferred his run before he became the pound keeper at Braybrook (although this could have been HIS son, Alexander Sim 3.)

The builder.
EventDeath Event registration number1913 Registration year1844
Personal information
Family nameSIM Given namesAlexander SexMale Father's name Mother's name Place of birth Place of deathMelbourne Age65

This is the only record with Alexander as the given name of the deceased or his father. The death of Alexander Sim the younger was also not discovered in a search of SIMS deaths before 1900. This lack of results could be due to Victorian BDM typos. For instance the given name of Alexander Sim, who died in 1876, (and in 1874 had been living on a hill near Marong for so long that he was invited to supply a name for a town that had developed in that location), is given as Alceander in his death record. This Alexander Sim was born in Argyll circa 1822.
An Alexander Sim was involVed in the formation of the football club at Hotham (North Melbourne) but I have found no evidence that he or Alexander who died at Marong were the settler, Alexander Sim, the Younger.

As my quest to find Alexander's descendants has struck a brick wall, I will leave this task to the person who has been tagging articles on trove as "Alexander Sim, builder."

The Kilwinning Lodge was a bit tardy celebrating its jubilee unless its acceptance of approval from the Grand Lodge of Scotland was deemed to be its beginning.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 16 February 1893 p 3 Article

It was formed at the suggestion of Brother Purves, who was probably James Purves, in 1841.
See MASONIC, about two thirds of the way into

I'd formed the impression that Alexander Sim the builder was a stone mason and that the early church described as a barn* was St James Old Cathedral which was later relocated near the Flagstaff Gardens.
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 27 September 1924 p 68 Article Illustrated
The contractor for the stone work of St.James's was Mr. Alexander Sim, and the contractor for the woodwork Mr. George Beaver.

It is yet to be proven that this Alexander Sim (an early overlander) was, or was related to, Alexander Sim the builder or his son, the settler.
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 19 October 1935 p 4 Article

There were three Imlay brothers,
George, Alexander, and Peter. George and
Alexander were medical men. George was
found dead in the bush on Boxing Day,
1846. He had been out shooting near the
homestead, and, it was thought, shot him
self by accident. Alexander died in Syd-
ney three months later. In the early
'forties the Imlays were interested in Port
Phillip runs. They sent their superin-
tendent, Alexander Sim, across the border
on the tracks of McMillan and Macallister,
and he took up Fulham, a squatting area
of 16,000 acres on the Thomson, north
west of Sale, although the name Fulham
was given to the property by a later oc-
cupant, Francis Desailly.
Ballendella is a rural locality in the Rochester Irrigation District, 7 km north of Rochester and 20 km south of Echuca. It is situated on the Northern Highway, a few kilometres west of the Campaspe River.

Ballendella is situated on part of the former Restdown Plains pastoral run (1840). It is thought that the name was that of an Aboriginal whose father acted as a guide for the New South Wales Surveyor General, Major Thomas Mitchell, on his expedition to western Victoria in 1836. (Another authority suggests the name is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning resting place).

BALLENDELLA is 24.7 km south south west of Echuca via Northern Hwy/B75. Alexander Sim's Restdown Plains would probably have adjoined the western boundary of John O'Dea's run.The Campaspe River adjoins the Murray River near Echuca not far west of the junction of the Murray and Golburn. This Alexander Sim was almost certainly the grantee of section 6 Holden whose address was given as Campaspie (sic)in 1850.

The name of Alexander's run would be an apt description that an overlander would use after the huge ordeal of getting a huge flock across the Murray. Perhaps Alexander the younger was the overseer mentioned above re the IMLAYS.

I stated earlier that the Westernport District extended as far north as Castlemaine, but it is now clear that this confusingly-named district went right to the Murray River.

The headings for the columns were:
number of claim as gazetted; name of applicant; name of run applied for to lease; party lodging caveat against issue of such lease.
96... W.M.HUNTER... KINGOWAR... PATTERSON AND SIM (also John Catto of 65, Catto's run.)
144 PATRICK O'DEA JUNCTION OF GOLBURN AND MURRAY ALEXANDER SIM (also John Bett who was not applying for a lease.)

Caveats often involved disputes about the vague run boundaries. This run description shows the proximity of the runs of Alexander Sim, John Bett and Patrick O'Dea.

No. 13.
John Bett
Name of run—Wharparella
Estimated area—76,000 acres
Estimated grazing capabilities—12,000
Commencing at a point of the Murray
river bounding with Messrs Collyer,
bearing southerly along a belt of timber
for 5½ miles, and bounded by Messrs
Collyer ; thence S W about 8 miles,
bounded by Messrs Collyer ; thence S 4
miles bounded by person unknown, thence
NE 8 miles, bounded by Messrs J Aitken
and A Sim ; thence north easterly by belt
of timber 7 miles, and bounded by Mr
Sim to the Campaspie river ; thence by
the Campaspie river southerly to the
boundary with Mr Sim on the east side
2 miles ; thence easterly for 5 miles, and
bounded by Mr Sim and Mr O'Dea;
thence northerly to the junction of the
Murray and Goulburn 7½ miles, bounded
by Mr O'Dea, and on the north by the
Murray river to the commencing point
12 miles.(P.1, Argus, 26-9-1848.)

Cooper, William, overseer – ‘Restdown Plains’ for Alexander Sim, 1847

The changing landscape of pastoralism can be traced through the documentary record held for Restdown Plains station taken up on the Campaspe River in 1841 by John Hays for Captain George Benson.10 In looking for land for a run, David Munro came across Restdown Plains in the drought year of 1842, the same year the station was sold to David Kelsh.

Affected by the financial crisis of 1842, Kelsh sold the station and his 3500 sheep to Alexander Sim in November 1843.12 In March 1848, Sim stocked 500 cattle and 12,000 sheep on a run of 106,922 acres that incorporated a head station and nine outstation huts, six of which were located on the Campaspe River.

(*Alexander of McCallum's Creek wrote his notice with a poundkeeper's touch! Not surprising because he'd been a poundkeeper at Bullock Creek and then Braybrook!
TAKEN from M'Callum's Creek, on the 4th
November, a Black Mare, small whlte speck
on forehead, llttle white on both hind feet,
branded S within C, over D, on near shoulder,
and sold at M'Pherson's Auction Mart, Bendigo,
on the 8th Instant. Any person detaining the said
mare after this notlce will bc prosecuted accord-
ing to law. Apply to ALEXANDER SIM, M'Cal
lum's Creek, or to DONALD M'INTYRE. 102
Bourkestreet east, Melbourne.(P.8, Argus, 22-12-1854.)

THE bay filly with large star and white snip on the nose and no visible brand,(th?)ought to be like SH on off shoulder, and the mare, aged and saddle marked, Jy on near neck, has also like B or R on near shoulder,
To be sold on 23rd August if not claimed.
ALEXANDER SIM,Poundkeeper. Bullock Creek Pound. (P.4, Argus, 8-8-1851.)

POUNDKEEPERS.- The following appointments were announced in yesterday's Gazette ;-Braybrook Pound-
Mr. George Scarborough, in room of Mr. Alexander Sim.(P.5, Argus, 25-8-1853.)

NOTICE is hereby given that, the
Public Pound at Footscray, in the
County of Bourke, will be removed from
its present site to Braybrook, near Solo-
mon's Ford in the said County, and that
the same shall be henceforth called the
Braybrook Pound.
By order of the
Bench of Magistrates,
Clerk Petty Sessions,
County Bourke.
Police Office,
March 27th, 1849.

The heritage consultants who insist that Clancy's ford at Melway 27 B8 was Solomon's Ford wouldn't have a clue.

The pound yards shown on the map would be at the middle of 27 D9 and the ford was south of Rhonda St as indicated by the track made by such as George Russell on the Cut Cut Paw (south) side of the river.

I thought this would be an impossible task (like Red Hill or Deep Creek) but just before the first mention of Alexander Sim at the Bullock Creek Pound, there were only 13 results for "Bullock Creek"in 1850.
The Mount Alexander (Castlemaine) correspondent to the Argus mentioned that a pound and police station were to be established at this place.(P.2, Argus, 26-10-1850.)
An old gardener at an inn on the Loddon road was cruelly kicked in the behind by his boss and crawled to the Carlesrue Inn where he was given medical attention but he was still in a bad way. (P.2, Argus, 8-11-1850.)
Carlesrue is at a bend in the old Calder Highway not too far south of Kyneton. There may* have been a Carlesrue Inn farther north near Mount Byng, the name Thomas Mitchell had given to Mount Alexander. This peak was to be one of the sites of the bonfires to celebrate the proclamation of Victoria as a colony.Those organising the beacon included H.N.Simpson, the man who paid for the old gardener's medical attention.(P.4, Port Phillip Gazette and Settlers' Journal, 1-10-1850.)
(*This is unlikely however because those in charge of the beacon on Mount Byng included the Myers brothers. One of these brothers was the ancestor of the man who subdivided the Journeaux grant (south of Myers Rd at Melway 161 J 7-9 east to Tubbarubba Rd) circa 1900. They had a run at Myer's Flat near Bendigo so it looks as if settlers from near the Carlesrue Inn and Bullock Creek would have been represented too.)
There may be more than one creek with this name but I believe that in 1854 Alexander Sim was near Maryborough. The first mention of McCallums Creek in Victoria on trove was in 1855, with only four results, one of which involved two Maryborough auctioneers and a Sandhurst man charged with the theft of McIntyre's horse. Alexander may have been managing a run for McIntyre.

See these google results.:

the holden map and details of purchasers link
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 7 September 1850 p 2
210 541a, portion 6, Alexander Sim, Campaspe(his address) £1 14 s(per acre, the upset price probably being a pound.) These details are the same as on the list accompanying the following map of the parish of Holden. The description of the boundaries, the date of his sale of the property to John Dickins who called it Coldhigham etc. follow the link to the map (which you'll have to copy into your search bar.)


Having paid one pound 14 shillings per acre for the supposedly 541 acres (1.7 pounds x 541 acres= L919 14s) in 1850, Alexander sold it for more than three times as much less than two years later.

Extract from my dictionary history of Bulla journal.
COLDHIGHAM LODGE/COLDINGHAM LODGE. See DICKINS/DICKENS. (The former is the correct spelling of the surname and the farm name.)
Melway 176 E9 (central point); north west corner near 195 Bulla-Diggers Rest Rd.
Section 6,parish of Holden, consisting of 541 acres granted to A.Simms. It was bounded on the north by an eastern continuation of the line of the road from the Diggers Rest hotel to Dickins Corner (Melway 176 D7.) This boundary continued east to Jacksons Creek, the eastern and northern boundary, and the western boundary was a creek flowing south-south-east into Jacksons Creek at 176 C10.

A google search for Coldhigham Lodge produced the following.
JOHN DICKINS first slaughterman in Port Phillip Colony
DICKINS John 1812-1899.
John Dickins born on 27 May 1812 at Rothersthorpe England, and died on 30 October 1899, at Bulla Victoria. Australia. John, with his parents and brother Stephen moved to COLD HIGHAM LODGE, Pattishall via Towcester, (photo below right) Northamptonshire England, from Rothersthorpe on approximately 18 March 1814.

John and Margaret (Rice) Dickins (John's parents) farmed on their property at Pattishall during their lifetime, until approximately 1854. On 18 October 1828, John Dickins (the son) became an apprentice to James Phipps, Butcher, of Northamptonshire, for the period of 8 years. John's father had to pay James Phipps the sum of thirty five pounds for his apprenticeship.
At the end of the year 1839, John decided to migrate to Australia. He came on the sailing vessel 'China' and arrived in Melbourne Australia on 1 May 1840. The voyage taking approximately six months.

On the journey John acted as the ship's butcher. After arriving in Melbourne he took a position as a slaughterman at the abattoir (then on the Yarra River, where the Gas Works were later built). John was the first master slaughterman in Melbourne having slaughtered the first cattle at Fisherman's Bend. After 12 months at this occupation he opened his own slaughter house, on the salt water river. Cattle were herded by drovers down from northern New South Wales and Queensland, to his slaughter house. On the 24 April 1842 he married a widow, Catherine Maloney (previous married name O'Brien). Catherine had come out to Australia on the same vessel as John. After their marriage they lived firstly on the salt water river, near their slaughter house, and then later, John bought 2 acres of land and they built a 2 storey home on this land, at Phillipstown (now Union Street Brunswick). They lived there for some years before selling it to a market gardener. On 19 June 1852* John purchased 541 acres (more or less) which, when surveyed on 22 April 1895 was found to be 646 acres, 1 rod (sic, rood), 7 perches. in the Parish of Holden for the sum of 3000 pounds from Alexander Sim. The Agents for Mr. Sim were Messrs. Mickle and Bakewell.

(*This obviously came from a title document so 1851 and 1854 are both wrong.)


Isaac Batey wrote many articles about the pioneers of the Sunbury area under his own name later on for the Sunbury newspaper. I've read them all and I've only found one mistake, in regard to David O'Nial's Lady of the Lake Hotel (at Melway 5H11 near Millar Rd.)which he gave another name (the Lady of the Lady if I recall correctly), unfortunately resulting in this error being repeated in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970. I am sure that it was Isaac Batey who wrote this article in 1892 as RAMROD and that there is information in it that I did not find in his later articles. There are terrific descriptions of the pioneers (rivalled only by Harry Huntington Peck's MEMOIRS OF A STOCKMAN)and other details such as their arrivals, locations, capabilities, relationships and so on that won't be found elsewhere.
Pages 3 and 4, The Bacchus Marsh Express,19-11-1892.
(I acknowledge the terrific efforts of GraemeSymington, mlizziec and Robin.Vowels to correct the digitisation. I have taken the liberty of dividing this extremely long account into paragraphs in order to make it easier to read.)

IN a recent issue of the Express appeared an ex-
tract from the Australasian, which in historical
data was misleading. Having resided in the
district I am writing about off and on since Jan-
uary, 1846, I propose to give an account of the
runs, and the gentlemen who occupied them in
that remote era. Being too young at that time
I cannot clearly define the boundaries of the
respective stations, but I can give what is called
"the general lay," and with reference to the
holders I can speak with authority. Moreover,
by way of giving an interest to this paper, I shall
mention names of people who had temporarily
squatted down, or were about, before our advent.

As a starting point Red Stone Hill will be
selected. Originally old John Brock pitched on
this run in a basin with a hill in its centre, and
that locality with us has ever been styled
"Brook's bottom." Mr. Brock must have
located on the spot referred to in 1835, and that
he had remained some time was shown in the
mounds of two sod built huts. He informed the
late Mr. Martin Batey why he built on this par-
ticular hill was because it was timberless, and
convenient to the water. The main considera-
tion was that no blacks could approach unseen.
From this place I cannot trace his movements*
save that in 1846* he held the Bolinda Vale run,
which never belonged to Mr. W. J. T. Clarke
until he obtained the Special Survey from the
New South Wales Government when this colony
was on the eve of separation in 1851. The sur-
vey surrounded Brock's homestead, and that
gentleman's folks took up the pre-emptive right
further north. Mr. Brock was a Scotchmnan.
One of his sons, named Alexander, married
Rachel, eldest daughter of Mr. Lewis Clarke,
uncle to the baronet.
(MY COMMENT. John Brock's run near Bolinda was probably lost to the special survey. John Brock is the one who led me to this article. I'd just finished reading VICTORIAN PLACES- BUNDOORA which described how Janefield (now Latrobe University) was named after the wife of his son, James. There was until recently a farm of 180 acres at Greenvale between Somerton Rd and "Dunhelen" named "Brocklands" after John Brock. It was originally called North Springfield and owned by an elderly Miss McKerchar but after her death it was bought by the Gamble family, related to the Brocks; the southern half of the original 360 acre Springfield" grant becoming a dairy farm owned by Wal French after whom French Rd. was named. Brocklands was bought by Aitken College and the school is now surrounded by a large new estate.)

Besides Brock a Mr. Dare had sat down on the place, and on the Emu
Creek traces of the domicile of Mr. Samms are to
be seen yet. Those enumerated would be on
Red Stone Hill previous to 1840. Afterwards
the run was in the hands of Shaw and Bakewell,
in partnership, but whether it was John or
Robert Bakewell I cannot say. The late Mr.
Mathew Ingle Browne, of Dennistoun's old
Greenhills run (MY COMMENT. TOOLERN VALE), stated to Martin Batey that Mr.
Shaw was a relative of his. Shaw's hut-it was
nothing but huts then-was habitable on our
arrival. He had also built a slab-walled shingled
roofed woolshed, apparently at more recently
erected structure. Red Stone Hill was purchased from Mr. William Postlethwaite, who had also
been in partnership with one of the Bakewells.
The names of the two new partners in this ven-
ture were Frederick Nevins Flintoff, and Martin
Batey. It was a small place, containing only
2,780 acres, but its capacity was up to a sheep to
the acre.

Flintoff and BatEy were from the
county of Durham, passengers per the Ferguson,
Peter Virtue commander; Jamieson, 1st; Henry
Goen, 2nd; and Lionel Pilkington, 3rd mate;
George Norris, surgeon; William Goen and -
Mere midshipmen. The Ferguson, 555 tons
register, made the voyage from Plymouth to
Port Philip in sixteen weeks to a day, and cast
anchor off Liardet's beach* on the 15th January, (*PORT MELBOURNE)
1841. Let me now ascend Red Stone Hill.

the west we have Glencoe*, now Digger's Rest,(*SITE OF THE SUNBURY POPS FESTIVAL)
proprietored by the two brothers John William,
and Edward Page, and worthy men they were,
but awfully happy-go-lucky. These men were
from Kent. Mr. Batey interviewed them in
January, 1840, when the brothers informed him
that they had been on the station going on
eleven years. At this rate they arrived in 1835.
How their run was called Glencoe came about
in this wise. Edward Page happening to be in
town an old Highlandman asked what name he
had bestowed on the squattage ? Page replied
"none yet." When the Caledonian said " call
it Glencoe, and I'll stand sam all round."
Glencoe was considered a good sized pasturage,
containing as it did 7,040 acres. John Page was
a very handsome man, with full black beard,
worn short, a pale face, and in his deportment
decidedly a gentleman. Edward was also good
looking, but had no education. Both died poor.
Handsome, sprightly, John departed this life in
1862, in the 43rd year of his age, at Woodend.
Edward, who might be five years older, died
towards 1870.

To the south and east was the
run of Brodie Brothers, related on the maternal
side to Sir John Sinclair, of Caithness, North
Britain. Richard Sinclair managed the station,
whilst his elder brother, George Sinclair Brodie,
conducted the business of an auctioneer in Mel-

Some years ago a short but excellent
story appeared in the Leader, entitled Malcolm
Donald's* courtship, and one of the characters
was called Dick Brodie.
(See James Malcolm's 'Olrig' homestead - Craigieburn Historical Interest ...

The language was so
like that of Brodie that I recognised him at once,
while the other was changed, as an American
would put it, by turning the back name to the
front. In short, it was the history of Donald
Malcolm's courtship and marriage of a governess
out the way of Kinlochewe, now Cragieburn, if
memory serves. Brodie used to speak of Mal-
colm marrying the lady in question.

run was extensive, for it ran up between the
Emu and Deep creeks, bounding John Slade
Headlam's, and I think it touched on the Fen
ton's Hill run, owned by W. J. T. and Lewis

This station, belonging to" Big Clarke,"
as he was commonly designated, was in charge
of his brother Lewis, who, according to Brodie,
was the worst sheep manager on that side of the
country. The station was once owned by a com-
pany of tradesmen in Van Diemans Land, small
shopkeepers, I believe, and as they were mostly
from the land of bannocks they were dubbed the
"Dirty Scotch Company." Their manager's
name was Fenton. Whether the Messrs. Clarke
acquired this station from the company referred
to I am unable to say. This I do know that it
was the only squatting property that W. J. T.
and L. Clarke held in the Sunbury district till
1851, when the elder brother took up the special
survey. Till that date Mr. Lewis Clarke resi
ded on the Fenton's Hill run, the homestead
being situated on the lower end of the Congre-
gatta* creek, a stream coming down from Chintin, (PROBABLY KONAGADERRA)
and flowing about midway between the Emu
and Deep creeks. On the purchase of the survey
(Clarke) that gentleman went to reside in Brock's
house at Bolinda. Mr. W. J. T. Clarke, when
down from his Dowling Forest station in the
vicinity of Ballarat, lived with his brother in
Brock's old house.

The dwelling on Jackson's
creek, which the Australasian credits Mr. W. J.
T. Clarke with having erected, was built by the
late Captain Robert Gardiner towards the end of
his lesseeship of Bolinda. The Captain, in con-
junction with Mr. Lewis Clarke, rented all Mr.
W. J. T. Clarke's land with the exception of
Rockbank. On the expiration of Clarke and
Gardiner's tenancy the baronet* became the lessee (SIR WM JN CLARKE, SON OF WILLIAM JOHN TURNER "BIG" CLARKE.)
of the Bolinda and Rockbank properties, and
resided in the house rebuilt by the Captain till the
completion of Rupertswood mansion, If the
late Mr. W. J. T. Clarke ever lived in this house
of Gardiner's it was only as a visitor. The
Brodies held what was then considered an exten-
sive tract of country, for besides the run already
spoken of part of the station was on the east side
of the Deep creek. They occupied country at
Cragieburn, and a block on the Coliban, but I
fancy the last mentioned was Richard's exclu-
sively. Both those brothers are now dead.
Richard went over to the great majority on the
18th of January, 1872, and George about 1881.
Richard Sinclair Brodie was a great raconteur,
for he had the histories of the old squatters at
his finger ends, and though of an eccentric turn
of mind he was possessed of splendid mental
gifts, which would have enabled him to cut a
figure in the history of the colony had he been
able to overcome his diffidence.

Joining Brodies on the south was the holding of Major
Firebrace*; whilst nearer to Melbourne was that
of the late Mr. Pomeroy Greene, father of Moles-
worth Greene, Esq., of Greystones near Bacchus
Marsh. Major Firebrace was in occupation in
1846, but I think he must have left not long
after that year or else the writer would have
remembered the date of his departure.

In reference to Mr. Pomeroy Greene I cannot say if he
was alive in 1846. A photograph of Woodlands
house, the gift of Mr. Molesworth Greene's mother,
is in the possession of my family. Old Smith,
the butler, is standing on the verandah. Mrs.
Anne Greene, at her own expense, built St.
Mary's church at Woodlands, a substantial blue
stone structure, which was formally opened on
the 14th December, 1858.

On that day the
Rev. Charles Perry - Bishop oF Melbourne,
attended by the now patriarchal Dean Hussey
Burgh Macartney, administered the rite of con-
firmation to several young people, amongst whom
was Miss Fanny Wright, daughter of Tulip
Wright, the first chief Constable of Melbourne.
Among those at the opening ceremony was the
foundress, Mrs. Anne Greene, her brother, Mr.
Griffith, Sir William and Lady Stawell*, Messrs. (SIR WILLIAM STAWELL MARRIED ANNE GREENE'S DAUGHTER)
Rawdon F. and William F. Greene, and, I think,
some younger members of the family. Possibly
Mr. Molesworth Greene was also present. In
this church a baptismal font* and a memorial (THE FONT WAS A PRESENT FROM ESSENDON IN ENGLAND.)
window are erected to the memory of Mrs.

Across from Woodlands on the Deep
but it is out of my recollection if he occupied it under a

Again to Red Stone
Hill. This place was bounded on the west and
north by Kurrakurracup*, owned by the brothers (*KOORAKOORACUP ACCORDING TO SYMONDS IN BULLA BULLA)
William and Samuel Jackson, pioneers of 1835,
per schooner Enterprise, her first voyage up the
Yarra with permanent settlers.

On that occasion John Pascoe Fawkner remained behind sick* (*NOT ALLOWED TO LEAVE TILL DEBTS SETTLED-C.P.BILLOT)
at Georgetown, Tasmania. Brodie's version was
that the father of Australian journalism was too
frightened to venture across Bass's strait.

Jacksons were Londoners. Samuel followed the
profession of an architect, and he designed St.
Francis's Roman Catholic cathedral, corner of
Elizabeth and Lonsdale streets. I do not sup-
pose he planned the whole of the structure, yet
what it was when first opened was Mr. Jackson's
work. William Jackson was in partnership with
his brother in the Sandford station over Portland
Bay district, and I believe his nephew resides
there still.

William Jackson (or, as his familiars
designated him, "The General" albeit a brusque,
abrupt, pompous man, at bottom was a very
worthy fellow. His house-a pizey one, that is
to say that its walls were composed of Egyptian
bricks on a large scale-stood on the fiat south
of the Rupertswood residence. Jackson, when
the late W. J. T. Clarke took up the survey,
having a comfortable little competency, resolved
to retire from squatting pursuits, and sailed for
London at the end of 1851, as near as memory
serves. Before leaving he went round to bid
all his co-pioneers adieu. He died before 1860,
whilst the demise of his brother is comparatively

Joining Kurrakurracup on the north
was the pretty little walk of Emu Bottom,( A GUESS-the run of George Evans who had come from)
Essex, and who as a mere boy had fought under
Lord Nelson either at Copenhagen or the more
memorable battle of Trafalgar. He acquired the
pre-emptive right section now in the occupation
of Mr. Robert Evans, his eldest son. "Uncle
George," as he was called, came over with the
Jacksons in 1835, aboard the schooner Enterprise.
He died about 1876, and if he had seen a day he
must have seen 90 odd years.

On the Emu
Creek was the station of John Slade Headlam,
in partnership with his brother William Head-
lam, who died manager of Moira, on the Murray,
about 1868.

Above Clarke's Fentons Hill run,
and on the upper course of the Congreegatta
creek, was Murphy's homestead. I do not re-
member if Murphy occupied it in 1846.

property ran from Bolinda to the Sugarloaf, on
the Deep creek, not far from Romsey.

the Deep creek from Brock's was Chintin, owned
by Mr. Purves, father of the eminent Q.C. Mr.
Purves, senior, who followed the profession of a
merchant in Melbourne, was a great sporting
man; kept a stud of horses, and owned the
celebrated racing mare Bessie Bedlam.

Purves's in the great elbow of the Deep creek,
where the village of Darraweitguim is now situ-
ated, was Lovelybanks, belonging to Dollar
Steele. I imagine old Tom Brock had a strip of
squatting country adjoining Steele's seeing he
got a pre-emptive right on the west bank of the
Deep creek. Opposite to T. Brock's was Broad-
hurst's and Tootal's, whilst below them was the
run occupied by William Rigg.

Just above Steele's, on the No. 3 creek, was
Major Boyd's. I met the old Major in 1863 at a
party given by Mr. Macmartin, who had purchased
Tom Brock's homestead. Major Boyd was then in
his 78th year, died soon after.

At Lancefield Mr. Dunsford had a station,
and that town bears the name Dunsford gave it.


Up beyond Lancefield was
Doctor Baynton's, and off towards Pyalong,
Mollison's, known amongst old hands under the
nick-name of "Bulleyed Mollison." Between
Lancefield and Kilmore was Captain Kane's. I
am doubtful if he was there in 1848. Kane's run
in later times was held successively by Fraser
and Donald Ferguson.

Kinlochewe (ROCKY WATERHOLES) was the
squattage of James and Donald Malcolm.

I believe that, besides joining Jackson's, George
Evans's holding touched on Riddell's and
Hamilton's Cairnhill, and John Aitken's.

Mr.William Robertson held Wooling, and was
bounded by Riddell and Hamilton. Matson's
was out in what is now the Bullengarook West
division of Gisborne. From what I can learn
Mr. Ross Watt was in the occupation of Rosslyne
as far back as 1843. John Aitken, of Mount
Aitken, I fancy run pretty well up to Gisborne,
and he would touch most likely northwards on
Evans, Riddell, and Hamilton ; and on the Green-
hills, now Mr. Browne's.


The latter has been
adverted to as belonging to Dunnistown. It was
managed by one of the Colliers, which I know
not. There were two Colliers-John and William
-both of whom married daughters of John
Batman. Aitken would meet Page and Jackson
on the east, while possibly he joined Yuille to the
south, and Pyke on the west.

Yuille's old
homestead was on that part of the Kororoit
Creek where the Rockbank hotel was built
during the rush to Blackwood diggings. Yuille
would bound James Robertson's Keilor or

I believe the late James
Pinkerton's station extended from the Werribee
(where I saw his old house in 1868) to the
present Rockbank home-station. Pinkerton
would bound Mr. Simon Staughton's Exford
station, and Pyke's Melton run. Some years
ago I write in the Australasian that the Pykes
owned Melton, when a certain person asserted
that they never held it at any time. Also that
their place was at Ballan. In those days the
bulk of squatters bore an alias. Thus there was
"Hungry Pyke" and "Gentleman Pyke." A
third brother was Doctor Pyke. Gentleman
Pyke was, I take it, the one at Ballan, whilst
the other two were at Melton, died, and were
buried there. Mr. P. Murphy, and Mr. J. L.
Robertson, Melton, saw the graves some distance
from Melton, perhaps a mile. One tombstone
records the death of the two brothers, and as
Mr. Murphy took a copy of the inscription I
give it for the edification of the readers of the
Express :-William Pyke, Surgeon, died Sept.
20th, 1850, aged 35 years; George Pyke, died
July 15th, 1855, aged 35 years.

John Helder
Wedge, whose station was about Wyndham, was
drowned in the great Werribee flood of the 27th
May, 1852. Langhorne's was somewhere down
I believe on what is the Chirnside estate.

Of the names of the squatters enumerated I once
saw Mr. John Aitken, who struck me as being a
very handsome man. I have seen one of the
Colliers occasionally--a fine, well-looking man,
of true English yeoman cut. Some years ago
the Hon . T. F. Hamilton informed me that the
surviving Collier had amassed sufficient money
to enable him to buy the estate he was born on
in England.

I knew Messrs. William John
Turner and Lewis Clarke well. They were
Somersetshire men of magnificent physical
development, more especially the elder brother,
but Lewis was decidedly a handsome fellow.
George Evans I was thoroughly acquainted with.
He was more like an English country squire
than any of the settlers. He was a jolly-looking,
brisk, hearty, hospitable old gentleman, of a fine
appearance, and unlike the common run of his
fellows a very temperate man. Though his
education was limited he had the courtliness of
the old school. With us young fellows it was a
point of duty to call on Mr. Evans at his town
house. The old gentleman, on bidding him fare-
well, never omitted to thank us with the greatest
cordiality for coming to see him. On those
occasions he would say "I'll see Batey, Brodie,
and the rest of them out, yes, yes, damnnit." Of
the ancient standards he saw them all depart
within some half dozen. John Slade Headlam
I saw frequently. He was a stoutish gentlemanly
looking person, apparently a gentleman farmer's
son. With Richard Sinclair Brodie I was most
intimate, and passionate though he was there
were only two falls out between us. Brodie was
an expert penman, and instead of forwarding a
verbal message he invariably wrote. Martin
Batey was his greatest friend, consequently that
gentleman's family have scores of letters from
Brodie's hand. Mr. Brodie must have arrived
sometime in 1836, because the ewes that Page
brought over in 1835 yewed their lambs where
Brodie afterwards established his headquarters.
William Jackson I knew pretty well, but never
saw his brother Samuel that I can recollect.
"The General," unlike most of the squatters of
the day on that line, wore a coat instead of the
universal blue serge shirt. Headlam, by way of
distinction, sported a red one. The writer has
seen Mr. James Pinkerton frequently, and a very
I fine old gentleman was he, with his broad Scotch
dialect, I was also acquainted with William Rigg,
and once met Duncan Malcolm. Pages I knew
well. The younger brother John left Glencoe in
1855; Edward in 1859. John Mickle, one of
our very early stocksales men, often came out
into the country. Mickle, a fine burly Scot,
married one of the Misses Lilburne, a lady pretty
near as tall as he was himself. Amongst those
who were about then, or had been in the neigh-
bourhood, were Slodden, Sherwin, Hyde, Mac-
Leod, Chisholm. Bob Aitken, and Whitesides, a
connection of Captain Foster Fyans. There
were three brothers Francis, John, and Thomas
Jones Perry, Berkshire gentlemen, whom I knew
well. I have seen Richard Waltham Sutton,
owner of the celebrated Suffolk punch Emperor.
James Ireland, who was the groom, came out
with the Berrys. Emperor stood at Red Stone
Hill in 1845-6.

Our first tutor was Mr. Devilliers*,
rejoicing under the alias of " Old Moosh." He
had been in the black police at Dandenong, with
the Darras.

Tuckwell, generally known as long
Tuckwell, was huntsman to Pyke's hounds, and
I believe he married a Miss Jamieson, of Bunin-
yong. I do not remember having seen Mr.
Staughton, senr., or Captain Bacchus, but my
late father has met the Captain's son at dingo
hunting meets with Pyke's hounds. Of others,
such as station friends, were Thomas Jardine,
Bolivar Long, Wm. Word, John Hogben, Thos.
Kissock, George Milner, Henry Redman Favell,
and James Dover Hill. The two latter were
passengers in the Ferguson. At the time of our
arrival Tulip Wright kept the Bridge
Inn at Gisborne*, kept once by Mr. Stokes, son- (*I THINK HE MEANS BULLA)
in-law to the late Mr. William Robertson, of
Wooling. The brothers Simon and Charles
Harvey (their sister was the wife of Mr. John
Aitken) often dropped in at Red Stone hill. I
could mention many more at the expense of being
tedious, but as this paper has run out to an
extreme length it must be cut short. In con-
clusion I may observe that my father, who care-
fully preserved every scribble that came to his
hand, left behind him heaps of letters and busi-
ness, documents which would throw a deal of
light on bygone days. Furthermore the writer
has to add that what he has written has been
flung together without reference to method or
design, and he ventures to express the hope that
this rough historical sketch of the men of 1846
will gratify his readers.

3 comment(s), latest 10 months, 2 weeks ago


In the last few months there seem to have been some blank and apparently crank comments under my journals* and as my time is too precious to waste, I'm hoping the private message from rosebudtwo wasn't of a similar nature.
(*Two from this person, to whom I sent this private message to which I did not receive a reply:
To: Bluryilky
From: itellya
Date: 2017-06-26 20:38:26
There is no message in either comment.)

Subject: carmelo and mariano pidoto
To: itellya
From: rosebudtwo
Date: 2017-07-03 05:24:49
i am the great grandson of mariano pidoto and have lived in dromana and rosebud 51 years most of the data is right some is not

As usual, I replied promptly, supplying my address, email address and phone number.

Subject: RE: carmelo and mariano pidoto
To: rosebudtwo
From: itellya
Date: 2017-07-03 07:33:28
I'd love to find out what is wrong so I can correct it.

Perhaps rosebudtwo was distracted by some problem and just forgot to reply, and this journal will catch his attention.

PIDOTO.-On 10th July, at her residence, 53 Stevedore Street,Williamstown North, Agnes, relict of the late Captain Mariano James Pidoto, dearly loved mother of Vera (Mrs. Geary), Eileen, Leslie (late R.A.N.), James (2nd
A.I.F.), Ann and May; loved stepmother of Rosina (Mrs. F. Patterson), John (dec.), Cecilia (Mrs.C.G.Yeomans, Sydney), William(dec.), Joseph and Ted. In her 85th year. A patient sufferer. Rest in peace.
(P.12, Williamstown Chronicle, 11-7-1947.)

An old and esteemed resident,Mrs. Agnes Pidoto, died on Thursday of last week as her home, 53 Stevedore- Street, after an illness of only a few days. She was born at Talbot 84 years ago and was the widow of the late Capt.
Mariano Pidoto. She had resided locally for 60 years and leaves four sons and six daughters to mourn their loss. The funeral took place on Friday afternoon, leaving her residence for interment in the local cemetery. Many beautiful floral tributes were received. Ernest W. Jackson & Son had charge of the funeral arrangements and
the Rev. Fr. L. J. O'Neill officiated at the cemetery.(P.2, Williamstown Chronicle, 18-7-1947.)

Agnes' maiden name was Hobson. VICTORIAN BDM.
EventDeath Event registration number6879 Registration year1947
Personal information
Family namePIDOTO Given namesAgnes SexFemale Father's nameHOBSON Joseph Mother's nameMargaret (Bowie) Place of birthTALBOT Place of deathWILLIAMSTOWN Age84

Death record for Mariano James Pidoto.
EventDeath Event registration number14470 Registration year1917
Personal information
Family namePIDOTO Given namesMariano Jas SexUnknown Father's namePidoto Juan Mother's nameRosa (Strana) Place of birth Place of deathWmstown Age77

This shows that Victorian BDM data relies on what informants provide and typos are not unknown. Peter and Mariano's parents were obviously the same.
EventDeath Event registration number10319 Registration year1891
Personal information
Family namePIDOTO Given namesCarmelo SexFemale Father's nameGiovanni Mother's nameRosa (Straus) Place of birth Place of deathFitz N Age60


Where did Mariano and Agnes meet? Did Agnes remarry or did Mariano? Who were the parents of Agnes' stepchildren, Mrs F.Patterson (Rosina), etc.?


Years ago, I researched Peter Young of Nairn for my dictionary history of Bulla, where he was one of the earliest pioneers.He later moved to a place called "Clyde". I always felt guilty that I had not provided more information about him after that time and while sipping a coffee tried to find the birth record of a child born at "Nairn" in 1850-without success. Suspecting that I'd found the name of Peter's wife, I googled ERSKINE SUSAN YOUNG and found the Peter Young conversation on this website, (i.e.
Peter and Susan YOUNG - Page 2 - Family History UK Genealogy ...

Could Susan Erskine have been Peter's second wife? The mention of John William's baptism below led me to this birth record.
EventBirth Event registration number889 Registration year1843
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesJohn William SexMale Father's namePeter Mother's nameElizabeth Place of birthMELBOURNE

No record found. BIRTH.
At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla, on the 25th instant, Mrs. Peter Young, of a daughter. (P.2, Argus, 27-4-1850.)

EventBirth Event registration number182 Registration year1853
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH

EventBirth Event registration number6807 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesJanet SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN

EventBirth Event registration number13986 Registration year1857
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesAnn SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN

EventBirth Event registration number6892 Registration year1860
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
(Margaret's marriage.
CAMERON—YOUNG - On the 25th April, by the Rev.J. L. Rentoul, John, second son of John Cameron,Esq., tailor, High-street, Prahran, to Margaret, fourth daughter of Peter Young, Esq., 25 Little Collins-street east, Melbourne, and Murray-street, Prahran. P.1, The Age, 5-5-1883. I wonder if Cameron was a descendant of the grantee of section 11, Bulla, north of "Nairn".)

EventBirth Event registration number16886 Registration year1862
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesUnnamed Female SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH

EventBirth Event registration number10937 Registration year1864
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesSusan SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
(Details of Susan's marriage to H.W.Shepherd in 1895 appear below but this notice supplies more information.
SHEPHERD—YOUNG.—On the 10th ult., at Malvern, by the Rev. J. Gordon Mackie, Henry Wastdale Shepherd, of Albert-park, solicitor, second son of the late Richard Shepherd, Esq., major V.V.A. (unattached), to Susan, daughter of the late Peter Young, Esq., of Melbourne, and Clyde-park,Westernport. P.1, Argus, 6-5-1895.)

EventBirth Event registration number10492 Registration year1866
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesElizabeth SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthP'RAN
(Elizabeth's marriage notice which alerted me to the birth.
DOWNES — YOUNG. — On the 28th ult., at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. J.G.Mackie, Arthur William, third son of John Downes, Prahran, to Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Peter Young, of Melbourne and Westernport. P.11, Weekly Times,22-4-1893.)

Looks like another one!
YOUNG.—On the 10th inst, at Prahran, Mrs. Peter Young of a son.(P.4, Argus, 13-4-1869.)

EventBirth Event registration number10899 Registration year1869
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesPeter Alexander SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAHRAN
(Peter's marriage notice.
YOUNG — CHAMBERLIN. — On the 10th ult., at the residence of the bride's sister, Airlie, Byron street. North Brighton, by the Rev. W. S. Rolland, Peter, son of Peter Young, of Melbourne and Western Port, to Edith, youngest daughter of George F. Chamberlin, chemist, South Yarra. P.11, Weekly Times,18-6-1892.)

Frisky devil! Poor Susan!
EventBirth Event registration number25553 Registration year1871
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesAlexander Robert SexUnknown Father's namePeter Mother's nameSusan (Erskine) Place of birthPRAH
That's all folks! The last two inserted this notice a year after their father's death.
YOUNG.—In loving memory of our dear father, Peter Young, who departed this life August 9, 1893.—(Inserted by his loving sons, P. and A.Y.) P.1, Argus, 9-8-1894.

EventDeath Event registration number12303 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family nameYOUNG Given namesSusan SexUnknown Father's nameErskine Thomas Mother's nameJanet (Fraser) Place of birthSCOT Place of death Age46 Spouse's family nameYOUNG Spouse's given namesPeter

YOUNG.-On the 17th inst., at Murray-street,Prahran, Susan, the beloved wife of Peter Young,aged 46 years.
(The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 26 October 1878 p 2)

Peter was much involved in the betterment of facilities in the Bulla- Broadmeadows area, particularly the establishment of a Presbyterian Church and a vigorous campaign to have mail deliveries to Bulla re-established. Clyde (Clyde Park) was at Westernport as stated in Peter's death notice, by which time he was living in Prahran and was a wire worker. He had left Clyde Park and his occupation seemed to present a marked contrast to the extensive background he gave when setting up as a stock and station agent soon after his arrival. But his funeral notice indicates that he owned his own business.

YOUNG.—On the 9th inst., at his residence, 51
Murray-street, Prahran, Peter Young, wire worker,
of Melbourne, and of Clyde-park, Westernport,
aged 66 years. A colonist of 40 years.

YOUNG.—The Friends of the late Mr. PETER
YOUNG, wireworker, of Little Lonsdale-street,
city, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to
the place of interment, the St. Kilda General
The funeral is appointed to move from his late
residence, 51 Murray-street, Prahran, tomorrow
(Friday, August 11, 1893), at 3 o'clock punctually.
(Both P.1, Argus, 18-8-1893.)

PLEASE FORGIVE MY NOT HAVING CORRECTED THE TEXT. (I probably corrected it in my dictionary history of Bulla.)

FORMERLY Land Steward for the
Marquis of Brcadalbane, afterwards
Experimental Farmer and Land Steward for
A. Spcirs, Esq., Elderslic, M. P. for Rich-
mond, subsequently Superintendent of tlie
Government Domain Farm in Van Diemen's
Land ; and Utterly Superinteaacat ' of the
extensive Sheep, Cattle, and Iforse. Stations
belonging to Messrs. J. and" W. Macarthur,
of Camden, New South >Y tiles, to whom he
also acted in the capacity of Land Surveyor
and Valuator — Begs most respectfully to
announce to his numerous friends in Port
Phillip, and the public in general, that he
has commenced the business of
for the Sale of Live Stock, Landed Property
and Merchandize in general.
Mr. Y., in addition to tho experience ac
quired in the management Hiid sale of stock
in Scotland, ""whore the cattle he bred for the
Marquis of Br 0adalhane carried the prizes
at tlie Highland Society of Scotland'sgeneral
shows for many years, andthcir increase still
continue to ma ntain the former character
for superiority, i he liae alsoliad the benefit
of acquiring a knowledge of the manage
ment of stock A practised in Van Diemon's
Land ; and he particularly bogs to refer to
tne ample opportunities afforded him under
the. Messrs. Macarthur, of Camden, of ob
taining tlie best information to bo got in
the Colo nies of Australasia, as to the man
agement of sheep, both as regards the best
mode of breeding aud classifying fine
woollcd sheep, and the methods of washing,
sorting, and getting up their fleeces. Mr.
Y. would further add, that he not only
studied the above branches of pastoral pur
suits under Messrs. Macarthur, (whose ex
tensive experience' is well known,) but like
wise had the advantage of studying the
German method of breeding sheep and
sorting wool, with Mr. KeUh, from Ger
many, then wool-sorter for Messrs. Macar
thur, now wool-sorter for the Australian
Agricultural Company at Port Stephens.
Mr. Y., therefore, would submit to any
Gentlemen, favouring" him with their
Commissions, that he' is enabled to give
useful advice either in tlie ' sale or
purchase of sheep stock, or as to
the quality of country suited for
their pasture. For liis experience in
the breeding and value of horses and cattle,"
as well as his knowledge of the value of land
and liifi capacity to conduct tlie sale of other
rroductiooe of rural economy, Mr. Y, would
most respectfully beg leave to refer to tlie
testimonials lie liolds from C. "W. Campbell,
Esq., of Boreland, J.P. and B.B. ; A. G.
Speirs, Esq., of Culcreuch, Deputy Lord
Lieutenant pf Stirlingshire, and late M. P.
for Paisley ; the late A. Speirs, Esq., of
Elderslic, late M. P. for Richmond ; Jaines
Hamilton, Esq., hiR Prussian MajcstyVCon-
sul for the City of Glasgow' ; liis Excellency
Sir GeorgO Arthur, late Governor of Van
Dicmcn's" Land ; Messrs. J. and W. Macar
thur, of Camden, New South Wales ; aud a
number of factors, land stewards, and other
practical stock-breedera and agriculturists
in Scotland.
Mr. Y, begs. to state that he has opened
the Livery Stables attached to the Crown
Hotel, Lonbdale-street, until tuoro extensive
premises be erected, where ho will hold
sales of horses by auction and private bar
gain, -on Wednesday and Saturday each
week, beginning tlie public sale regularly at
12 o'clock tioon on each day.
"In conducting the sale of land, Mr. Y
will personally survey, map, and subdivide
it to the bast advantage, not only as regards
ita natural capabilities, but alao to suit the
domand In the market.
In conclusion, Mr. Y. hopes, by diligent
attention to business, strict integrity with
the public, and xe&l for the interest of his
1 constituents, to merit a share Of public
1 Melbourne, 29th July, 1847.
(P.1, Port Phillip Gazette and Settlers' Journal,20-12-1847.)

YOUNG Peter.
In "Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History", Andrew Lemon mentioned George Langhorne conducting Free Presbyterian services at Peter Young's Nairn and how the United Presbyterians had caused problems. Andrew's source was obviously Peter Young's letter published on page 4 of The Argus of 19-2-1851.
Here are the headlines about Peter Young. He was a very proud Scot with a good knowledge of the "land o' cakes" and a love of poetry. He was on the front foot when situations needed correcting. He was a stalwart of the Free Presbyterians and a member of the Order of Oddfellows, working hard to advance the former and defending the latter group from unjustified criticism. Above all he was an expert farmer, and I mean an EXPERT. He seems to have moved to Clyde Park, Westernport before his death.

Bulla Bulla, County of Bourke [cartographic material] / drawn and ...

As I have the Bulla Bulla map now I'll tell you about Nairn before I detail the trove articles. See Melway map 384. Peter Young received the grant for Section 8 (a square mile/ 640 acres) on 26-11-1848. He added the 130 acre 7B on the other side of St John's Lane on 18-9-1851. (St John's lane led to the Brannigans' "St John's Hill".) The William Inglis and Son thoroughbred horse sales complex is in the south east corner of section 8 and the end of the public section of St Johns Rd indicates its north western corner. Allotment B of section 7 is between St Johns Rd and Deep Creek; the southern boundary was the now closed road in C-E 12 and the northern boundary is indicated by 110 St Johns Rd.

While reading Isaac Batey's fascinating historical articles in the Sunbury newspaper, I half-noticed his reference to a Mr Young being ( a squatter?) near Essendon in the early days (probably 1847.)This could have been Peter Young. I will start with an advertisement that Peter placed in The Argus (as I thought, soon after arriving), which outlines his past.He was actually in Victoria by 1842!
All items are from The Argus unless otherwise specified: 1846-8 was the Melbourne Argus.

24-9-1847 page 2. Peter announced that he was setting up as an auctioneer and commission agent. He said that he had been land steward for the Marquis of Breadalbane (in Scotland), an experimental farmer and land steward for A. Speirs, the M.P. for Richmond (Tasmania), superintendent of the Government Domain farm in Van Dieman's Land and latterly superintendent of J. and W. Macarthur's stations. Peter must have arrived in Melbourne by 1846 or very early 1847. A letter he wrote to the Port Phillip Gazette was republished in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12-6-1847 page 4.) There had been an outbreak of black leg in young cattle near Port Fairy,to which no solution had been found,and Peter wrote from the Crown Hotel outlining his method that had worked so successfully in New South Wales in the winter of 1837. He had been in charge of 8000 cattle and the sudden death of cattle 20 miles away was put down to snake bites until Peter arrived and diagnosed black leg after dissecting a carcass.

27-1-1847 page 1-2. Peter made a toast at the Robbie Burns Festival that was a virtual history of Scotland and occupied 4 1/2 columns of The Argus.

28-5-1847 page 2. SEYMOUR. Preparations are being made for the sale to be conducted by Mr Peter Young on the 24th. This was to be the first ever in the township.Peter was auctioning well before the advertisement appeared.

1-6-1847 page 2. An excited report of the sale was given. The correspondent told of Peter's plans for regular sales.

3-8-1847 page 2. A DANGEROUS NUISANCE. At the close of business at the Police Office on Saturday, Mr Peter Young informed the Mayor of the cattle, horses, pigs and goats in Latrobe St West and no constable ever being seen to control this. The Chief Constable, who had earlier ignored Peter's complaints, was huffy but the Mayor instructed him to send two constables and impound these animals.

30-11-1847. The Seymour correspondent understood that Peter had intended to conduct quarterly sale but none (bar the first) had come off yet.

20-4-1849 page 4. Peter complained that he hadn't been getting his Argus or Patriot.He was now on Nairn.

19-4-1850 page 3, column 4. FOR SALE. Seed wheat and potatoes of a very superior quality grown from seed of last year's crop at Warrnambool. On sale by the undersigned, Peter Young, Nairn, Deep Creek.

27-4-1850 page 2. BIRTH. At Nairn, parish of Bulla Bulla on the 25th, Mrs Peter Young of a daughter.

8-1-1851 page 2.(Original correspondence to the Mt Macedon paper.) Peter said that up until the end of 1850 mail had been picked up at Mr Wright's Bridge Inn but the mail run to Mt Macedon now went through Keilor. (This is of interest because it seems that Tulip Wright did start the Lincolnshire Hotel's construction during 1851. Donohue applied for the Bridge Inn licence in 1851 but his application was postponed because of the filthy state of the Bridge Inn. (See THE HOTELS NEAR TULLAMARINE journal.) It may have been because Tulip had left, abandoning his hotel, that the route was changed.)Peter complained that 500 residents near Bulla now had to pick up their mail from Melbourne or Gisborne, stating that only about 5 people lived on the new route between Keilor and The Gap. (He was talking about William Taylor of Overnewton, James Robertson of Upper Keilor,possibly the Page Brothers of Glencoe-I'll have to ask Isaac Batey if they were still there; their drinking might have seen them off by 1851, and one or two others.) P.S. Edward Page advertised the homestead block in 1859. (The Argus 27-6-1859 page 2, column 2.)

10-2-1851 page 2. Peter hasn't given up. He now accuses two magistrates of using undue influence to change the mail run. One magistrate was certainly William Taylor; I'm not sure if Robertson was a J.P. too. His son, James, was and another son, Francis, was a member of parliament.

19-2-1851 page 4.Peter wrote a letter about Langhorne teaching Sunday School at the schoolhouse on Nairn on Sunday mornings and conducting Free Presbyterian services in the afternoon and how the United Presbyterians
were interfering with their fund-raising for a church for Broadmeadows and Deep Creek (Westmeadows and Bulla.)
"Vision and Realisation", the Victorian Education Department history of 1972, mentioned an early school on the McDougalls' "Warlaby" (probably named Oaklands) in a declivity; this may have been a mistaken reference to Peter's school unless another was built on Warlaby later. My memory from reading the book 20 years ago is dim but I think it mentioned two schools with different National School numbers.

31-5-1851 page 2. Another farming problem had arisen, smut in wheat. As everyone would know, when crops are affected, prices rise. Think bananas! Due to his innovative ideas and experience, Peter had worked out a solution and he could have cashed in big-time. He had put down 140 acres of wheat at Nairn the previous year and not one head of smutted wheat had grown due to his treatment of the grain before planting that he had developed 17 years earlier. Peter was not going to keep this a secret and let his colleague suffer. Could you imagine Coles giving Woolworths a helping hand?

25-6-1852. Peter wrote a letter headed "To Improve Crops by Pollen" which showed that he had a thorough grasp of the history of the development of the various types of wheat.

11-8-1852 page 6.Peter Young of Nairn requested permission from those who had donated money for the church in the parish of Bulla (not enough to proceed) to hand it over to the National School, whose establishment had been resolved at a meeting he'd recently chaired.

The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston) 3-11-1852 page 722 (no kidding!) As Peter McCracken , the President of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was absent (due to the drowning of his young son, William, in the Moonee Ponds Creek near the bottom of Pascoe St, Westmeadows; see McCracken below), Peter Young of Nairn took the chair, filling it most capably, at the function to honour David Duncan's service to the organisation. (See the WILLIAM THOMPSON AND DAVID DUNCAN journal.)

6-3-1868 page 2. Evan McIntosh was holding a clearing sale at Nairn, his lease having expired. Peter may have moved to Westernport but he also could have been conducting a business in Melbourne.

6-5-1895 page 1. H.W.Shepherd married Susan, the daughter of the late Mr Peter Young Esquire of Melbourne and Clyde Park, Westernport.

While trove is a fantastic resource, it does not distinguish between the surname Young and the opposite of old, which led to many wasted hours. I did not find any other family notices or references to Clyde Park, Westernport apart from the 1895 marriage of his daughter.

I tried googling YOUNG with CLYDE, BERWICK and WESTERNPORT, the last named combination reminding me of a discovery I made at the P.R.O.V. (See SQUATTERS IN THE WESTERNPORT DISTRICT journal.)

A website headed FREDERICK XAVIER TO ARTHUR ZOUCH has the following information.
The Melbourne Times of 23-4-1842 recorded that Peter Young had been granted a publican's licence for the "Bushman" in Sydney Road.The Port Phillip of 21-4-1843 shows that the hotel, once again described as being on Sydney Road was now called the Sugar Loaf Inn. The same paper, on 27-4-1844,stated that Peter had been granted his licence but the hotel was again called the Bushman.
(An alphabetical listing of squatters and their runs, from correspondence with the Governor, which is a different website, lists Peter Young of the Sugar Loaf Run.) Given Peter's purchase of land in Seymour at the first sales, his conducting the first sales in the township and the fact that Sugarloaf Creek intersects the Hume Highway in Seymour, it is reasonable to assume that the hotel was at Seymour and not in modern-day Carlton, Brunswick (or Plenty, Pascoeville near the Young Queen Inn, or Tullamarine near the Lady of the Lake- routes more likely to be called Sydney Road in the early 1840's.)
Rev. Peter Gunn, who became the minister at the Campbellfield's historic Scots Church (Melway 7 H6), had visited the Golburn (River?) area and Peter was among a large number who signed a letter of encouragement and contributed 50 pounds to support his ministry; another signatory was from Sunday Creek, which joins Sugarloaf Creek.(Port Phillip Herald 1-10-1844.)

Peter Young and Elizabeth christened John William in 1843.
Peter Young purchased allotments at the first sale of blocks at Seymour. (Melbourne Weekly Courier 23-3-1844.)
Peter Young was one of 469 voters who qualified by freehold in Seymour in the list of electors in the District of Bourke (Melbourne Courier 8-8-1845.)Peter Young was listed in the (1847?) Port Phillip directory as a settler, Seymour, Sydney Rd.

The website also lists newspaper reports showing that Peter Young was given depasturing licences in July 1843 and October 1844 in the Westernport District.AHA, I thought, perhaps Peter had been on Clyde Farm, Westernport before he went to Bulla. Then I remembered my search for a grant (or licence) that Captain Adams of Rosebud was supposed to have been given in about 1841. All such matters were dealt with in Sydney and the Public Records office gave me an index of correspondence. As Peninsula pioneers were referred to as late as 1888 in "Victoria and Its Metropolis" as being in the Westernport District, I concentrated on those entries.

Imagine my surprise to find Barker's Mt Alexander Run (near Castlemaine) described as being in the Westernport District! In view of what has been mentioned before, Peter Young's depasturing licences were almost certainly near Seymour.

Still none the wiser,about when Peter left Nairn, I returned to Trove and tried "Nairn, Bulla, Young, 1850-1867".
Argus 18-4-1853 page 12. Peter was offering Nairn for sale by private contract. He had probably only been there for about five years but how much he had accomplished! The advertisement describes the property in great detail, including the waterfall.For the sale of his furniture, library, stock, vehicles and so on, Peter employed prominent auctioneer, Dalmahoy Campbell (much discussed by Harry Peck in his "Memoirs of a Stockman.) (See Argus 20-5-1853 page 9.)

Argus 4-6-1853 page 8, column 1. Peter offered an incredible variety of grape vine cuttings for sale.

Joseph Clarke of "Goolpala", Saltwater River (Probably the future "Rupertswood")might have bought all of Peter's property north of Melbourne.The Argus of 16-9-1865 reported, on page 2, the sale of the late Joseph's estate: lot 1. Nairn; lot 2.About 9 acres of portions 29 and 30 Doutta Galla near the racecourse (the future showgrounds site near Clarke Ave, Melway 28 F11); lots 3-9. original allotments in the Township of Seymour. N.B. Clarke may have bought the showgrounds land from the grantee, Pearson, who had sold 4 acres to John and David Charles Ricketts in 1851.

The advertisement states that Nairn was split into two farms, leased by Mr McIntosh (300 acres) and Mr Millar (450 acres.) Part of Nairn was to become William Michie's "Cairnbrae". It also stated that Peter had framed the economy of Nairn upon sure principles and described the orchards and so on. In 1860, W.C.Howie had been on Nairn and placed a notice about a black pig that had strayed into his paddock (The Argus 30-6-1860 page 8, last column.)

As we know that Peter was an auctioneer, he may have been a partner of the firm of Young and Timbury,which advertised the sale of the cargo of a ship in The Argus of 18-5-1860 (page 2, bottom of column 4.)

I've only scratched the surface of a PETER YOUNG search on trove. For example it appears that his son Peter took over the wire-working business and died at Ingle-Nook in Caulfield in 1922.


As my focus regarding the Purves family was primarily on the descendants of Peter Purves and Barbara (Scott) who ran Tootgarook for James, I had not concerned myself much with the family of James and Caroline.

The main connections of James with the Mornington Peninsula are his ownership of the Tootgarook station, his ownership* of the Rosebud when it was stranded in the mid 1850's, thus leading to the name of the Rosebud Fishing Village in 1872, his son, James Liddell Purves, being the member for Mornington (not the town but the electorate which probably covered the COUNTY of Mornington including the peninsula, land north to Mordialloc and east to Bunyip River)and the possibility that Glen Isla Drive in Mount Martha was named after James Purves' Richmond residence where he died in 1878.
(*Countless local histories and heritage studies wrongly state that Edward William Hobson, who transferred Tootgarook to James in 1850, owned the Rosebud when it was stranded. Hobson was the owner in 1854 but countless court reports show that James was the owner by 1855 and had insured it with a combination of 12 brokers for 700 pounds, some of whom refused to pay up.)

The surname PURVES was pronounced as PURV-ESS and was often written as PURVIS.

I tried countless strategies to find the birth record of James and Caroline's first son, James Liddell Purves, in 1843, but without success- UNTIL I wrote the surname as PURVIS. The birth record of Caroline Frances in 1855 had the same spelling. lists some of the children but on family tree circles, thanks to Scott Jangro, you can have much more information WITHOUT PAYING A FORTUNE.

I have posted much of this information (obituaries, wills etc) in comments on the following website.
Port Phillip Apostle No 6 James Purves, landowner | The Resident ...

James married the daughter of Thomas Guillod of London in 1842. Caroline had evidently returned to England after her husband's death in 1878 as the announcement of her death in 1889 was received by cable.

I've sometimes come across isolated examples of a child's birth being registered twice but James seems to have made a habit of it! Mary Scott's records illustrate that the place of birth given is actually the place of registration. Both registrations of the birth of George Hurdis would have been at Mount Macedon because Mount Martha was not a declared town and therefore would not have had a registrar.

EventBirth Event registration number1027 Registration year1843
Personal information
Family namePURVIS Given namesJames Liddle SexMale Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthMELBOURNE

EventBirth Event registration number7770 Registration year1844
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Harry Gui SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthRICH

EventBirth Event registration number8074 Registration year1846
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesAnn Caroline SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthMELB
(The will of Annie Caroline shows that one of her sisters married J.R.Godfey of Mt Ridley" which the family would have passed on the way to Chinton from Melbourne.)

EventBirth Event registration number8198 Registration year1847
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesMary Scott SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthMELB
EventBirth Event registration number33236 Registration year1847
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesMary Scott SexFemale Father's nameJames Mother's nameCarol Place of birthMT MACEDON

EventBirth Event registration number8613 Registration year1849
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Hurdis SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthMTMA
EventBirth Event registration number33333 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Hurdis SexMale Father's nameJames Mother's nameCarol Place of birthMT MACEDON
(George's obituary states that he was born on Chinton Station between Mt. Macedon and Wallan.)

Harry and George (above) were stated to have been born in the same year but George was obviously born in late 1849 and Harry possibly in late 1850 so they were unlikely to have been twins.
EventBirth Event registration number9017 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesHarry Guillod SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline Place of birthMELB
EventBirth Event registration number33390 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesHarry Guillord SexMale Father's nameJames Mother's nameCarol Place of birthMELBOURNE

EventBirth Event registration number31212 Registration year1853
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesWilliam SexMale Father's nameJames Mother's nameCarol Place of birthRICHMOND

EventBirth Event registration number19029 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family namePURVIS Given namesCaroline Frances SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's name (Caroline) Place of birthRICHMOND
..... and...
EventBirth Event registration number6206 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesCaroline SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameCaroline (Guillod) Place of birthRICHMOND

JAMES LIDDELL PURVESmarried twice. His first wife Annie Lavinia Grice died in 1876 aged 21, probably due to complications from the birth of James George in that year. I could find no record on VICTORIAN BDM of his second marriage to Eliza Emmma Brodribb in 1879 because the marriage had taken place at Double Bay, N.S.W. Their second child was given the christian name of GODFREY, probably because of the pioneering Mt. Ridley family. Brodribb River in East Gippland was named after William Adams Brodribb, J.L.Purves new father in law. The Grice family was prominent in Mornington's history.

JAMES PURVES' DEATH NOTICE supplies the names of his parents.
EventDeath Event registration number6572 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesJames SexUnknown Father's nameLiddle Mother's nameMary (Scott) Place of birthTWEE Place of death Age65 Spouse's family nameGUILLOD Spouse's given namesCaroline

MY COMMENTS ON THE PORT PHILLIP APOSTLES PAGE.(Not necessarily in the order they were posted.)
(Copy of my comment on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Facebook group page.)
As pointed out many times, James Purves, the lessee of the Tootgarook run from 1850 and owner of the pre-emptive right from 22-10-1855 spent little time there, mostly living in Melbourne with his other main interest being his station at Chintin west of Wallan on the Romsey road near the present town of Chintin. At last I thought I’d found some evidence of him actually being on the Mornington Peninsula. His son, George Hurdis Purves must have been born towards the end of 1849 and his birth was registered twice, at Mount Martha (or so I thought) in 1849 (reg. No.8613) and at Mount Macedon in 1850 (Reg. No.33333.) James was probably awaiting the arrival of a servant, Jane McCabe*, at Chintin in 1850 when the second registration took place.

John McKay | February 1, 2011 at 10:37 pm
In researching my Knight line, I came across Jane McCabe (who married George Knight at Fish Creek in April 1850). Jane it appears was sent out from Ireland under the Earl Grey Scheme and was employed by James Purvis (sic) of Chinton on Jan 18 1850 at 10 pounds for 76 months.
Are James Purves/Purvis the same and if so do you know where Chinton is, or was it a property name in the vicinity of Fish Creek, Gippsland, Victoria?
Or was it incorrectly written down by the clerk as Chewton seems to have some affiliated with this family.

Then my brain kicked into gear. Mount Martha would not have had a registrar in 1849 or for many decades later (if ever.) MT MA also meant Mt Macedon.
Here are the two registrations.

EventBirth Event registration number8613 Registration year1849
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Hurdis SexUnknown Father’s nameJames Mother’s nameCaroline Place of birthMTMA

EventBirth Event registration number33333 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Hurdis SexMale Father’s nameJames Mother’s nameCarol Place of birthMT MACEDON

James Purves’ death record in 1878 (the year after he’d leased Tootgarook to Cameron from Cranbourne) indicates that Peter Purves (said to be his brother in MEMOIRS OF A LARRIKIN and if correct) married a cousin. James Purves’ mother was Mary Scot (almost certainly Scott) and Peter Purves married Barbara Scott as detailed in the post. Peter’s parents weren’t revealed by Petronella Wilson but the use of Scott and Liddell as given names for descendants of both James and Peter indicates that the owner and the manager of Tootgarook were at least cousins if they were not brothers.
EventDeath Event registration number6572 Registration year1878
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesJames SexUnknown Father’s nameLiddle Mother’s nameMary (Scott) Place of birthTWEE Place of death Age65 Spouse’s family nameGUILLOD Spouse’s given namesCaroline

John McKay | July 9, 2017 at 6:53 am |
Hi, I’ve been away and only home recently so have missed on this. My meagre research on James hasn’t seemed to flush out much at all. What I tentatively have is copied below which doesn’t seem to marry up much with the posts here, so could be well off-track.

Thanks for the info on where Chintin actually is xxx. That helps a lot.

John McKay

What I’d found”
A James Purvis arrived on the ship James in Sydney 29 Sep 1834

Melb Argus 10 Feb 1852 TWO POUNDS REWARD
Lost, from Barkers Creek Diggings, in November last, two red walking bullocks, one branded AT off rump’, 895 off thigh, JW near shoulder, and one stag steer, branded OR off rump.
Any one bringing the same to John Beech, Wiltshire Store, Mount Macedon Road, will receive the above reward.
JAMES PURVIS. 9th February, 1852.

Argus 29 June 1855
By special license, by the Rev. Thomas Odell, James Purvis, of Tullamarine, to Christina Hendry, youngest daughter of Mr. James Hendry, of Perth, Scotland.

PURVIS. —In loving remembrance of my dear husband, James Purvis, of South road, South Brighton, who departed this life on the 11th April, 1883
” Sad and lonely is our home
Since from it he departed
But we hope and trust in God
We are not for ever parted ‘
PURVIS. —In affectionate remembrance of Mr James Purvis late of South Brighton who was accidentally killed on the Brighton road, April 11i, 1883, the dearly beloved brother of O and W H Purvis, Ironmongers, 236 Elizabeth Street Melbourne
30 Jan 1902 Argus – PURVIS.-On the 29th January; at his residence, Austral-villa, – Asling-street, .Elsternwick,’ James Watson Purvis, in his 80th Year.

ME. | July 9, 2017 at 12:24 pm |
I’d noticed James Purvis in my early Tullamarine research and wondered if there was any connection. John Beech built the Beech Tree Hotel at Melway 5G10 on land on the Keilor side of today’s Melrose Drive that he’d purchased through John Pascoe Fawkner’s co-op. on 1-5-1851. Hendry ran Tullamarine’s first post office at Tullamarine Junction (5 J12 where the 711 garage and North Edge apartments now stand.) You’re the first person to mention that Beech’s store was called the Wiltshire store!

Tulla’s James Purvis was born in County Tyrone in 1832* so any connection with the Port Phillip Apostle is doubtful.

The following reply to residentjudge from Margaret is interesting because it tends to confirm that James Purves (owner of Tootgarook) and Peter Purves (who ran Tootgarook for him) were brothers. James' father was a stone mason and Peter became a stone mason. If Peter had stuck to his trade instead of running Tootgarook for James, he would have made a fortune; masons were so in demand that they were the first to achieve shortened working hours, an achievement celebrated by Labour Day!

Margaret Steenvoorde | January 8, 2011 at 12:48 pm | Reply
Thank you for confirming the name of James Purves’ father as Liddle Purves. I can now tell you that James Purves was born in Harelawside (near Duns), Parish of Coldingham, Berwickshire, Scotland on 25 May 1813 and was baptised in Coldingham Parish Church on 21 June 1814. He was the son of Liddle Purves, Mason in Harelawside and Mary Scot, his wife. Witnesses to the baptism were Peter Atcheson and John Redpath both of Harelawside. My souce was a digital image of the original Old Parish Record from The name Liddle (or Liddell, as given to his son James Liddell Purves) was the clue to solving the mystery! Duns is not far from Berwick upon Tweed (in England!) and James would have had business connections there, no doubt. His family may have moved there to live at some stage. Thank you for the Port Phillip Pioneers Group web address. I will investigate that further.

ME. | July 7, 2017 at 10:38 am
John McKay. I am primarily interested in Peter Purves who managed the Tootgarook station from 1850 till his death in 1860 and Peter’s son, James, who followed his father to Australia in 1852. Through their descendants and descendants of other pioneering families, such as the late Ray Cairns, I discovered that the surname was pronounced as Purv-ess. It was at times written as Purvis in Shire of Flinders rate books. Chintin was definitely not a mis-spelling of Chewton and the location of the run is indicated below.

James Purves, lessee of the Tootgarook run from 1850, and later owner of the pre-emptive right, whose surname was pronounced and often written as Purvis, spent most of his time in Melbourne but his other main focus was the Chintin run between Kilmore and Mount Macedon. The following is an extract from the obituary on page 3 of the Australasian of 15-6-1878.
“But after following squatting pursuits for a
time he entered into business in Melbourne
as auctioneer and estate agent. He after-
wards took up the Chintin station, at Deep
Creek, and was also owner of Tootgarook
station, near Dromana, one of the earliest
established stations in the colony.”

The town of Chintin, about 10 km west of Wallan on the Romsey road owes its name to the run.

ME. | July 7, 2017 at 11:23 am |
JOHN MCKAY. James Purves and Caroline, nee Guillod, must have been living on Chiltin when this son was born in 1850.
EventBirth Event registration number33333 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family namePURVES Given namesGeorge Hurdis SexMale Father’s nameJames Mother’s nameCarol Place of birthMT MACEDON

ME. | July 8, 2017 at 4:06 am | Reply

James Liddell Purves was not the only son of James Purves and Caroline (Guillod) to further his education in England. Harry Guillod Purves died there in 1867 just before turning 17.
PURVES -On 5th August, at Brighton, England, of
apoplexy, the result of an accident, Harry Guillod,
third and dearly beloved son of James and Caroline
Purves, aged sixteen years and eleven months.
(P.4, Argus, 16-10-1867.)

(While trying to re-find his death notice, I discovered why his mother’s death in 1889 was not recorded on VICTORIAN BDM; she apparently died there too as her death was announced by cable in 1889. Her son, George Hurdis, whose death record IS on VICTORIAN BDM) died at Ballarat in 1889 aged 39, “just as he seemed about to acquire considerable literary fame.”
P.13, Table Talk,27-9-1889.)

The given name HURDIS might have come from the Guillod family tree. The above article and the following will of James and Caroline’s unmarried daughter indicates that one of her sisters married into the family of Frederick Race Godfrey of “Mount Ridley”.
Biography – Frederic Race Godfrey – Australian Dictionary of Biography

Annie Caroline Purves, late of Clarendon-street,
East Melbourne, spinster, by her will dated July 1,
1887,and presented for probate by her cousin. Mr. H.
Hale Budd, solicitor, appointed her brother, James
Liddell Purves, of the same place, Q.C., barrister-at
law, executor. She left her jewellery and personal
ornaments to her sister-in-law, Eliza Emma Purves
(wife of James Liddell Purves) ; £50 to Mary Guillod,
and the residue of her estate in equal parts to her
nieces, Eliza Mary and Eleanor Allison Purves,
daughters of James Liddell Purves, and if either of
them shall die under the age of 21, to the survivor of
them absolutely. She directed, however, that in case
her estate should exceed £6000, and amount to £8000,
she bequeathed 1 £1000 each to Constance Caroline De
Burgh Purves, daughter of her late brother, George
Hurdis Purves, of Ballarat, and her nephew, William
Scott Purves Godfrey, but if the surplus over £6000
shall be insufficient to satisfy the said two legacies In
full, then such legacies shall abate proportionately.
The testatrix died on February 9, 1890, at Macedon,
and her will was sworn at £ 11,500 personal.
(P.21, Table Talk, 1-8-1890.)

When James Purves was travelling to Chinton (or Chintin) station in 1850, he probably would have travelled past the young Queen Hotel at Pascoeville turning left near the present Broadmeadows railway station down to Broadmeadows Township, then right up the Ardlie St. hill to Mickleham Rd (which is still called Old Sydney Rd past Donnybrook Rd.) This route to Wallan would take him past “Mount Ridley”.

James Liddell Purves’ first wife died in 1876, the same year their only child was born. A search for James Purves produced only eight births, one of which revealed that James Liddell Purves had married Annie Lavinia GRICE, their son, James George, being born in Collingwood in 1876. (The Grice family was prominent in Mornington’s history.)
J.L.Purves must have remarried as Annie died in 1876 aged only 21.

Not only is there no birth record for James Liddell Purves in VICTORIAN BDM, but the record of his second marriage in 1879 is also missing. The only Purves marriage listed for 1879 is that of John Purves to Essey Elizabeth Barker. However, there is a very good reason why the second marriage is not listed on VICTORIAN births deaths and marriages.

J.L.Purves’ marriage notice.
PURVES-BRODRIBB. – On the 9th inst., at St Mark’s
Church, Darling Point, Sydney by the Rev T.
Kemmis, assisted by the Rev. J. Salinière, James
Liddell, eldest son of the late James Purves, of
Melbourne, to Eliza Emma, second daughter of
William Adams Brodribb, of Buckhurst, Double
Bay, Sydney. (P.1, Argus, 16-12-1879.)

I must have stumbled upon this marriage notice years ago because I’d researched Brodribb and discovered the AUSTRALIAN DICTIONARY OF BIOGRAPHY entry for J.L.’s second father in law.

ME.| July 8, 2017 at 5:03 am | Reply
AHA, THANKS TO THE LATE RAY CAIRNS AND BEV LAURISSEN OF THE DROMANA HISTORICAL SOCIETY (both related to the family of Yoeman James), THE BIRTH RECORD OF JAMES LITTLE PURVES HAS BEEN FOUND! They both told me that the surname was pronounced as two syllables and one rate collector, obviously new, had written it as Purvis.
EventBirth Event registration number1027 Registration year1843
Personal information
Family namePURVIS Given namesJames Liddle SexMale Father’s nameJames Mother’s nameCaroline Place of birthMELBOURNE

ME.| July 8, 2017 at 5:17 am | Reply
My apology re stating the second given name of Gentleman James Purves’ first son as Little instead of Liddell. Little was the second given name of James Little Brown who restored rabbit and ti tree infested wasteland near Rye into the beautiful pasture we see today.

ME. | July 8, 2017 at 5:42 am | Reply
In view of the spelling of Purves in J.L.Purves’ birth record, I decided to check if the births of any of his siblings was registered as PURVIS. This was the only instance.
EventBirth Event registration number19029 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family namePURVIS Given namesCaroline Frances SexUnknown Father’s nameJames Mother’s name (Caroline) Place of birthRICHMOND

ME. | July 9, 2017 at 12:30 am | Reply
In an earlier comment, I mentioned that George Hurdis Purves’ birth, registered twice at Mount Macedon, had probably taken place at Chinton Station. In the countless obituaries written in 1878, his father, soon after arrival from Tasmania, was stated to have taken up a station near Mt Macedon (which was apparently not Chinton) before moving to Melbourne to engage in architectural, surveying and auctioneering pursuits. George’s literary pursuits were mentioned in my more recent comment about his and his mother’s deaths in 1889.

George’s obituary confirms that he was indeed born at Chinton and that his father’s early pastoral pursuit was near Hanging Rock in partnership with Edward Dryden. It also mentions George’s training in law and literary pursuits in England before the climate there caused his departure for Ballarat (hardly the warmest place in Victoria!)

From Our Correspondent.
BALLARAT, Thursday.
Mr. George H. Purves, chairman of the Bal
larat stock exchange and brother of Mr.J. L.
Purves, Q.C., died this morning. The deceased,
who was 39 years of age, was born at Chinton,
Deep Creek, and was a son of Mr. James Purves,
one of the pioneers of the colony, who took up
tho first land at Hanging Rock, near Kyneton,
with Edward Dryden. in the year 1837. Mr.
Purves was educated for the law, and was articled
to one of the members of the firm of Messrs.
Malleson, England and Stewart. The legal pro
fession proved distasteful to him, however, and
for a tim\e he followed in a desultory way literary
pursuits, and ultimately settlod down to share-
broking. After several years in Ballarat his
health failed him, and he left on a trip to Eng
land. There he again took to literary work for
a time, but the climate proving somewhat trying
to himself and his children he returned to Ballarat.
About 12 months since Mr. Purves was elected
to the chairmanship of the stock exchange. He
had been suffering from the complaint which
terminated in his death for some timo past, but
it was only during the past few weeks that he
found it necessary to take to his bed. Ho was
attended by several doctors, and it was decided
to consult Dr. Fitzgerald, of Melbourne, as to the
supposed presence of a large tumor in the region
of the spleen. On Sunday last an operation
was performed by Dr. Fitzgerald in the presence
of several other surgeons, and it was
discovered that there was an enlargement of the
spleen to about 50 times its natural size. The
spleen was removed, the operation being a
thoroughly successful one, but complications that
were not anticipated set in, and the sufferer
expired at 3 o’clock this morning. Mr. J. L.
Purves, Q.C., was in attendance during
the previous day and night on his
brother, until his death. The deceased
leaves a widow and four children.
He was a hearty supporter of local athletics,
and was esteemed and respected for many good
qualities. As a token of respect the Ballarat
stock exchange adjourned until Saturday.
(P.5, The Age, 22-2-1889.)